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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 6, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 49
(Ib VinMumv
Olty, uot )
$1.50 PER YEAR
General Dissatisfaction Expressed at Low Figure
Decided Upon
Make Up of the Committee
Did Not Give Workers
a Fair Show
Dr. Curry Next Sunday's
Speaker at the Rex
Mr. J. S. Woodsworth will take aB
tbo third of his series at the Broadway
Theatre on Sunday evening, "Tho
Now Era," when Mrs. C. Lorimer will
occupy the chair. It is safe tot assume
from thu success of these meetings
that they will become a permanent institution on "tho   hill"   on   Sunday
At the minimum wage conference,
held in tho Oity Hall on Wodnesday,
tho ovidenco adduced would show that
at tho very lowest it would tako $16
per woek for a girl to exist in anything
like comfort. In spite of tho cvidenco
produced, the board has decided on ro-
commendatiou of employees and employors, that $12.7-5 shall bo tho minimum wago for girls over 18 years of
ago working in stores, otc.
In the (irst place, it could not be expected thnt with tho committeo mentioned, formed as it was, thut anything
lifo a fair show would be given tho
employoes. Tho committeo consisted of
H. T. Lockyer, Chris Spencer and IX. W.
Wood, of Fernie, representing tho employors, and Mrs. E. Sutton and MiBacs
Dunbar and liowatt, representing tho
employees, and Hov. Father O'Boylo,
Hrs. J. A. Clark and Miss Helen Stewart, representing tho genoral public.
Tho fault of tho committee was that
so far as tho employees were concerned,
they did not have a show. How could
it bo expected that any employoo sitting opposite her employer, could have
that freedom of thought that would bo
noccsBary for any fair results. Onu of
tho girls was from the Hudson's Bay
Company. Mr. Lockyer ia manager of
tho Vancouver branch of that company,
and no matter how fnir Mr. Lockyer
would be, tho vory fact that tho employee in question was sitting in opposition to her employer, would have an
unfavorable effect on her.
Evidence Submitted
Tho ovidenco submitted by Mrs. E.
W. Ellis of Victoria, which wos not
challenged by tho employers, and which
was by all considered fair, and not an
unreasonable estimate, shows that at
tho vory least, $16 por week waa tho
lowest that a girl in this particular
branch of induatry would live on, yot
in spito of this evidence, tho committoe
gave tho decision as above, and the
Minimum Wago Board uccetped it. If
. this is the results that are to come to
the workors as a result of the minimum
wago legislation, tho soonor the Retail
Clerks and other women workorB organize .and get their wuges and conditions set by the snme method as that
adopted by thc strictly industrial workers, the bettor. Tho evidence as submitted by Mrs, Ellis is as followa:
Meals, room, $7.50 per week $390.00
Shoes and rubbers     27.50
Repairing shoes       5.00
Stockings       6.00
Underwear Q nn
At the oh
Br. W. J. Ci
•ing on "The
organ recital al
^d in tho Bex Theatre,
g&vill nddroaa thc incet-
ninmo of tho Britiah
!fce will be tho usual
nice tings.
The school is .-feVily gaining tho attention of the l'?r lersliip and the
number of membra- children enrolled
increases. Mee tin;'m.'*' held overy Sunday nt throe o 'clotvSj;" Granvillo Hall,
641 Granvillo Strec\m;,.
Owing to the iunVj epidemic tho
whist drive und duri^d" was postponed
and tho new dato is December 13, at
O 'Biicu Hall. Ticket holders will note
tho change of date. Whist at eight
o'clock, dancing at nine.
South Hastings Branch Organized....
On Wodnesday ovening last a meoting wns held in a hall on Fourth Avonuo East iu tho southeast corner of
Hastings Townsite, for the purpose of
forming an organization ef ratepayers.
When it camo to deciding what form it
should tako it wns decided to organize
aa a branch of-the Federated Lnbor
Party. Every member belonged to the
working class and a largo proportion
woro already membors. Applications
cards were received for tho remainder
with only one dissenting voto. Mr.
Miller was elected president; Mr. H,
Whitehead, vice-president, and Mr. Mc-
Goachie, secretary. Mr. W. R. Trotter
was tho spoaker. A meeting is to be
held noxt Wednesday when Mr. J. S.
Woodsworth will address tho gathering.
Meat Cutters and Butchers
At the last regular meeting, Doc. 3,
16 members were admitted. Nomination
of ofl'icors was onc order of businoBS. AU
membera should attend the next meeting ou Dec. 17, and tako part in the
election of their officers.
TJ. B. Carpenters
Local 617, of the U. B. Carponters,
held its regular meeting on Tuesday
ovening, when thc membership was assessed ono dollar per month in support
of tho Laundry Workers. Tho local
also endorsed tho Metal Trades Council
resolution on tho Mooney caso.
A Further List of Donations
By the Various Labor
Tho following additional amounts
have beon received for the Laundry]
Workors up to and including Decembor
tho 4th inst.:
Previously acknowledged $11,025.89
Gas Workers        20.00
Bakers        39.00
Lathers        10.00
Bro. of Carpentera       200.00
Financial Assistance Is Still
Being Rendered by the
Local Unions
Socialist Party Meeting to
Be Held at the Royal
Judging by tho well-attended mooting at thc Tbeatro Royal last Sunday
evening, held under the auspices of the
Socialist Party of Canada can "look"
forwnrd to this scries of successful and
instructive lectures to be held this win-
tor. Tho speaker scheduled to tako tho
platform next Sunday nt 8 p.m. is J.
Knvunngh, who in hia well-known
tronclinnt manner, will deal with' the socinl questions of the day, analyzed from
tho standpoint of historical materialism.
The roar of battlo has diod away
from the blood-stained fields of Europe,
to bo replaced by an ominous murmuring increasing in volume, and spreading
over tho entire world. It is the paean
of triumph of a militant proletariat,
marching to the consummation of tho
struggles of tbe ages, its own emancipation. Tho hireling press of capitalism
announces -in flaming headlines that reconstruction is tho order of tho day, and
predicts an economic warfare, of a bitterness hitherto unrecorded in tho annals of capitaliB competition.
This problem, tho greatest that has
yet faced society, can in no wise bo
solved by our mastors, bin only by the
workors, tho last great slave class
achieving its historic miBsion. Capitalist society is in its hour of traval, and
a knowledge of tho workng class philosophy will alleviate tho pangs attendant upon the birth of tho new order.
As snys Loon Trotsky: "The rovohi-
tionnry epoch will create new forms of
organization out of tho inexhaustible
resources of proletarian Socialism, new
forms that will bo equal to tho greatness of the new tasks. To this work
we will apply ourselves at once, amid
tho mad roaring of tho machino guns,
the crashing of cathedrals, and tho patriotic howling of tho capitalist jackals. We will keep onr minds clear,
amid this hellish death music, our vis-
j ion undiinmed.  Wc feel ourselves to bo
Two More Members DMd|^SU»^W?£
Minimum    Wage  Set   Is
Criticized by Central
Council to Publish Literature on the Russian
from Influenza and
Others Are Sick
Petticoats .
Suit, at $35 to inst 2 years  17.60
Coat, at $35 to lust two years  17.50
Dresses, aprons, business dress.... 35.00
Shirt waists  12.00
Shirts  12.00
Handkerchiefs   3.00
o nn
Night gowns
Corsot waiatB 	
Gloves  _	
Umbrella, at $5, to last 2 years
Kimono, ono at $0 to last two
years ,onc al $2.50 to Inst 1 yr.     ..v»
Raincoat, at $15, to laat 2 years..     7.50
Repair of clothing      6.00
Laundry  -    52.00
Medicine and dentistry    15.00
Stroet car fure    50.00
Nowspapers and magazines...-    12.00
Stationery and poatugo    12.00
Association dues       "nn
Vacation expenses 	
Chrueh and other contributions.
Sweater, (o hist 2 years, $6.50...
Bathing  suit 	
Total for the yoar...
Evon in the Hst submitted by Mrs.
Ellis, it will bu noted that nothing is
provided for a rainy day.. This faot
Mrs. Kllis brought out in her evidence.
Mr. Moses Cotsworth was, aa usunl,
preaent where nnything dealing with
living expenses is being discussed. Ho
took thu Btnud thnt the investigation
should bu into the prices of tho necessities, before wages were set, and that
when prices had been regulated, the
wages should be set.
MisB Helena Gutteridge nnd V. It.
Midgley took exception tu this, and
pointed out that tho question wns one
of wages ,aud not of prices of commodities.
Mr. A. Olenn submitted figures ns
to tho cost of room and board.
Separate Scales Might Conflict
Miss Helena Gutteridge, business
agent for tho Laundry Workers, and
also roprosonting tho Women's Minimum Wage League, nlso emphasized tho
point that tho board proposed to create
two scales of pny; one for girls under
18 and the olher for girls or women
over that age. She f on rod that these
two soparate sculcs would create ii do-
mand for too many apprentices.
Chairman McNiven pointed out that
in any event the act limited the number of apprentices which could be curried by any industrial establishment tn
ten per cent, of tho working force.
To this Miss Gutteridgo countered
by pointing out that the act did nol
set any limit on the number of girls
under 18 who might be employed.
Chairman McNiven replied that tho
board had decided aftor the minimum
wago for womon over IS had once beon
established, that it would tako up the
question of the minimum wago for girls
under 18 and such regulations as woro
thought advisable in   their   interests.
But tho  board  wanted to settle the
other question first.
Wages Quite Insufficient
Mr. Woodward, remarking that thc
appointment of the board vindicated
the contention that thc wages puid retail clerks wero uot sufficient to moot
the cost of living, suid tho idea prevailed that fourteen or ilftcon dollars a
weok would be tlie genernl finding of
tho board. Quoting tho statistics he
had collected, he went on to cite two
questionnaires filled in by girts who
thought thoy wero nsked to state thoir
own actual cost of living and not thc
rensonablo cost of living. They had
allowed nothing for insurnnce or temporary incapacity, for holidnys, for
amusements ,for medicine, dentistry,
nowspapers, magazines, stationery o-
postage. Protesting ugainst nny reference to awards in other provinces and
states and asking tho conferonco to bo
guided only by the evidence Inid before
it, he declared $14 or $15 n week insufficient.
Mrs. Sutton stated that in Vietoria
as low as $3 had boen offered a girl
applying for a poaition behind a notions counter. Cash girls were pnid $6
a weok and never raised. Jn the small
stores wages rnn from $3.50 a woek to
$6, $7 nnd $8.50. In the mnntlo departments of the big stores girls wcro paid
on a commission basis. That was not
a fair method and thoy wanted it nbol
ishod. Mrs. Sutton defended married
women seeking omploymont when they
wore soldiers' wives on tho ground that
il wns necessary to mnko up the deficiencies in tho allowances tho government mude to families of men who had
gono overseas.
General dissatisfaction is expressed
loenl labor circles at thcoiitoorao of
the lirst venture, much delayed, in
sotting the minimum wngo tor women
workers. In tho State of Washington
the minimum tor nil women workers is-*
Bakery Salesmen	
Ir A. M., 182 ;...,„ „	
Shipyard Laborers (Vietoria)
Blncksmiths (Revelstoke) 	
Sheet Motal Workors	
I. L. A. Auxiliary	
Gas Workora	
* .25,00.
Fred. Knowles, Secrotary-trcas.
Whist Drivo and Dance Will Be Held
on Saturday ln Labor
At the Ladies' Auxiliary of tho Machinists on Thursday night tho following ollicers wero elected: President,
Mrs. Crawford; vice-proBident, Mrs.
Taylor; financial secretary, Mrs. Dny;
recording secretary, Mra. Towler; treas-
Mrs. Denny; conductor, Mra. McCallum,
warden, Mrs. Robinson; chaplain, Mrs.
Edney; sentinel, Mrs. Edwards; musicians, Mrs. Full and James. J. Brooks
of. Locul 182 conducted tho elections.
Tho whiat drive and dance which iB
to bo held in tho Temple on Saturday
ia expected to be better attended than
the last, und if possible as good a time
will be spent by those that attend, as
every precaution has been made to
make it a success.
Dance to Be Held Monday
in Dominion
- - --■---..*Tr?t!"T"   - *.-
Tho laundry striko is atill on. Picketing is still going on, and thc enthusiasm
of the strikers is not abating. There ia
a possibility of tho union starting up a
laundry operated by tho Laundry
Workers' Union. Thc committeo appointed to go into the question of supplying thc public with clean towel servico, reported that those approached
for support had promised to support
tho strikers witk their custom. Tho
instituting of thia service will relieve
thc general public, which haa rofuaed
to doal with the unfair laundries. The
Jonali-Pratt Company, clothiers, on
Hastings Street, reports that during
tho weok they had refused to accept
towels supplied by the B. C. Towel Supply  Company.
Tho dance scheduled to take place
on Monday night in tho Dominion Hnll
promises to be even moro popular than
the last onc, and everything that* can
be done ia being dono to ensure to
every ono preaent an enjoyable time.
Continued support financially is being
rendered tho strikers by the local
unions, and by many organizations in
thc States. J. Duncan, secretary of the
Seattle central body, jb gaining the
co-operation of the different organizations in his locality.
Machinists, No. 777
There will be a special meeting of
Shorter  Hours for Jewelry  Workers | Lodge 777,1. A. Machinists on Sunday
A Special
of the Boilermakers
will be held on Sunday,
Dec. 8, at 2.30, in Room
401 Labor Temple.
Business   of   urgent
All members are requested to attend.
By order,
M, A. McEcheran,
Local Ne. 42, International Jowelry
Workers' Union, reports thnt a minimum wnge nnd a '15-hour week hns been
granted and the companion signing
und complying with the agreement are:
Retail Manufacturing Jewelers and
Watchmakers—Henry Birks & Sons, O.
H. Allen, G. B. Mason, Hughes, Piek-
I ciing, Hughes, Ltd., II. H. Ramago, W-
| 11. Qrasslo & Co., Geo. G. Bigger (W.
J. llubinson, assignee), W. M. Gow,
Todd & Manning, Ltd., W. J. Brother-
ton, J. II. Mnyer, F. McGillivruy, W.
Wilson, L. Wellmnn, H. Maxwell, A.
Bradley, O. El. Snider, A. A. Stenhouae.
Wholesale Mnnul'iicturing Jewelers-—E.
B, Flewelling, Jacob Broa., Chus.
Peursull. 1). A. Hpeneor, Ltd., have not
signed tho agreement, as yet, but their
employees ure in the union. Tho firms
opposed to thc ngreement uud it is impossible to organize thoir employeea
are Pnull & McDonald and Lyttloton
afternoon at J p.m. All members are
requested lo attend, us urgent business
will bo dealt with.
At Tuesday night's mooting of thc
Cigarmakers the following officers
were elected for the ensuing term:
President, Gale Thomaa; vice-president.
Joe Walters; financial secretary, 11. J.
Craig; treasurer, Goo. Wood; dele-
gales to Trudes nnd Labor Council, Joe
Walters, Gabe Thomas, Geo. Ernst, nnd
A. P. Tietzen. An naseaament of 25
cents per week in uid of the laundry
workera pnssed. The locul endorsed the
proposition to hold the next convention
of the B. C. Federation of Labor in
Calgary. A committee of throe, i.e.,
Frank Brown, Bandy Wiikins and Geo.
Ernst, will prepare a strong indictment
against tho Cnrnbnnu cigar and Tuck-
etta and mail a copy to each locul affiliated with the council. Now that
Christ mus time is neur, many cignrs
nre given away to frienda aa Christians presents. Should you have nny
sueh intentions you will make the pros
eut doubly welcomed, providing its thc
handwork of a union man. For no real
union mnn eould enjoy an after-dinner,
cigar that was mado under insanitary
conditions in an Eastorn sweat shop.    I
SUNDAY, Doc. 8—Moving Picture Operators, Boi I en linkers
2.30 p.m., Machinists No. 777.
Musicians, Sawyers and Filers,
Saw Filers' Association.
MONDAY, Dec. 0—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers. Iron Workers,
Pattern Makers, Upholsterers,
Amalgamated Engineers, Bakery Salesmen, U. B. Carpentera No. 617, Street Railway-
men's Executive.
TUESDAY. Dec". JO—Barbers.
Amalgamated Carpenter^ Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 11—Hotel
aud Restaurant Employees,
Motal Trades Council, Gns
Workers, Slereotypcrs, Boilermakers' Examining Board,
Laundry Workers, Teamsters
and Chauffeurs,
THURSDAY, Dec. 12— Caulkers,
Sheet Metal Workers, Pninlers.
Shipwrights and Joiners, .Machinists No. 182.
FRIDAY. Nov. 13—Pilo Drivors
and Wooden Bridgemen, Jewelry Workers, Boilermakers'
Executive, Shipyard Laborers,
Plumbers, Mill and Factory
Local 620 met in regular session on
Monday, Decembor 2, and eight new
mombers were initiated. Various matters of importance were dealt with.
The referendum submitted by the international asking for an increased per
capita tax was defeated by a substantial majority, the opinion of the majority being that the loeal could use
tho extra money to hotter advantage.
Tho business agent reported attending
a .meeting arranged between the executives of the Trades aud Labor Council,
the Motal Trades Council and delegates
of returned soldiers organizations, for
thc purpose of discussing reconstruction schemes. Owing to tho shortness
of notice a full attendance of soldier
delegatea was not obtained. Tho meeting was therefore put off till Saturday
to give tho returned soldiers' organizations, who were not represented, an opportunity to attend. It is expected
that much good will come of the
getting togothor of these vnrious
bodies. Brother Alexander also roported attending a moss meeting in Now
Westminster cnlled for tho purpose of!
getting tho workers of Now Westminster togothor to discuss their everyday j
problems. Tho meoting was addressed i
by A. S. Wolls, manager of tho Fedorationist; D. McCallum, president of1
the British Columbia Federation
of Lnbor; Bro. Alexander and
others. From point of numbers
tho meeting wns a bowling success.
Bro. T. A. Barnard was to havo been
chairman, but was prevented by sickness from attending. Bro. Barnard is
reported to bo suffering from the
"flu," his condition at times being
very serious, nnd wc all wish him a
speedy recovery.
Since our last meeting two more of
members have died from this dread
diseaso, onu of them being Frank
Davie, late recording secretnry, who
wont overseas some live months ago.
He did not got to Franco, but waa
taken sick in England and succumbed
to the ravnges of thc disease at the
hospital at ShornclilTe. Brother Davie
was of an extremely cheerful disposition und waa ono of those who realized
that the workers wero the only useful
class in society, and when the boys
como home his will be ono cheery voice
that   will  be  missed.
Brother Fred Atkinson of New Westminster died a fow hours after
jdurnmont of Inst week's mooting
the local, and news waa not received j
in time for publication last week. The!
deceased brother leaven behind a widow
and six children, the oldest being
eleven and tho youngest two years.
Mrs. Atkinson is putting Up a brave
flght and is determined to make a living for herself and children. The loeal
is trying to interest the municipal authorities of Burnaby and possibly they
may do something. Thia ia one CftSfl
thui demonstrates thc necessity of
making some provision for mothers'
pensions, a mensure that haa been advocated from time to timo by organized Labor.
The exocutive brought in a series of
recommendations,   among   them   being
the recommendation lo discontinue the
services of the organizer at  the  end
of the month.   In the opinion of the
eoxcutive this course is necessary in
order to conserve thn resources of the
local.    They  feel  that it  is  necessary
to provide for several rainy  days and
are forced to the nbove conclusion by
the'rapid changes that are Inking place
in tho lnbor mnrkct, when the compc-
| lit ton for jobs is becoming acute.   This
1 mutter was left over for one week, ns
1 there was not a sufficient  number of
| members at the mooting, due to the
hour and Ihe IftrgO numbers of members
who had gone home.
Brother Alexander reported running
an advertisement in the Manitoba Free
Press warning engineers to keep nwny
from B. C. This course was necessitated by the fnct of their being sueh
an influx of engineers from thc prairie
provinces. Tho meeting adjourned at
II p.m., aftor various other knettors
of detail had been dealt with,
than there may seem, tomorrow there
will bo moro of ua thun today. And
tho day aftor tomorrow, millions will
rise up under our banner, millions who
evon now, sixty-seven yearB after the
The chiof items discussed at last
night's mooting of the Trados and
Labor Council wcro tho intervention
of the Allies in Siberia and the Russian
situation; tho minimum wago for
women and the Laundry Workors'
The question as affecting Russia and
the Allied intervention was introduced
by Del. Alexander, who moved the following resolution: "Whereas accurate
information concerning the principles
of the Russian Societs is of the greatest importance to the working class,
therefore be it resolved that tho executive committee be authorized to publish, and, circulate such information as is available, aud that all local
unions and central labor bodies
throughout the Dominion be circularised to support such action. All orders
for the litoraturo to bo filled at cost."
In introducing the resolution DeL
Alexander stated that tho pross in the
city had recently proclaimed in large
headlines that the Bolsheviki were in
control in Queensland,' Australia, and
that he had at the timo pictured Canada sending troops to that country to
stop tho activities of that body in
the country mentioned. He also stated
that the men who were going to Siberia
Bhould know just what they wero going
to fight' for. Delegate Kavanagh stated
in support that when tho press had reported the death of Lenine it had
stated that ho was a great statesman,
but when it was found that he waa not
dead, tho same press changed ita tune.
He also pointod out that the press of
the day had stated that Liebknecht
'' Communist Manifesto,'' havo nothing I was reported to be going to raid the
to loso but their chains." Bastille at Berlin on Friday, and ho
  I said that tho workers never committed
Hotel and Restaurant Employees      aotaK ^violence unless Incited to do
* «»-wi'.      i -»   .        . t*     so by the ruling class.
Local 28, Hotel and -Restaurant,Em- J    D*,   vrltl,w3 ^a
ployees, hol4 a very successful dance
on Wednesday night in the Auditorium.
The noxt danco will be held on New
Tear's Eve, Dec. 31, in tho same hall.
The union mil hold its noxt moeting
on Wedneaday, Doc 11, at 8:45 p.m.
Election will take plitc'o"on Wednesday,
Dec. 18.
Victoria Officials Here
J. Lay, secretary of the A.8.U.B.
Carpentera, and It. Donnachiu of tho
Shipwrights, and General Organizor
Watchman of thc U. B. Carpentors,
woro in town on Thursduy in connection with thc business of the organization.
Fred Hoover Is Reported as Making
Satisfactory Progress Toward
Tho Street Railwaymen have lost a
member through accident. Bro. Scarpo
wns run over and killod by an automobile while following hia omploymont
Bros. Ruaso and Cuwley, who were with
tho deceased, wore knocked down and
injured. Thc accident happened at the
crossing of Main and Powell stroets,
and the automobile that caused it was
driven by u hoy of fifteen.
Bro. Scarpo leaves a wifo and four
children. These aro in Duly and his
death will bc a aevore. blow to them bc-
cuuac he had made arrangements to
visit his fumily this coming Christ
Just as we go to press tho news
comes that Frod A. Hoover is pro
grossing favorably. He is resting nice
ly and hopoa are entertained of lib
speedy  recovery.
Eloctrl claus
The Electricians met lust Monday
evening, aud held a good meeting. His
new mombors were initiated, and en
dorscd the Metal Trades (.'ouncil rosolu*
lion on the Mooney case.
Labor Party
and Dance
Gentlemen, 60c Ladles, 25c
Whist nl 8 o'clock nnd Dancing
from l) to 12
Tickets  at
• - i i .
Federatlonist   Offlce
Del. Pritchard aaid that the correspondent that had sent the item about
the Queensland situation was tho most
despicable one that ho had ever heard
of. Ho referred to the speech of Lloyd
■Qeorge in which he said to tho workers, " You. have don© it, you ansijrouri.
sons. Let us thank God." Ho said
tho workera should take a lesson from
u further statement attributed to tho
same statesman when he wns reported
an saying to tho workers, "Without
you we cun lose the war, but without
you we cannot win it." Ho ul.-*u referred to the need for the education
of the workers, und asked how they
could bc educated, if they wero denied
the right to obtain literature. And
such literature ua was circulated iu tho
old land und iu the (J. S. A., nnd which
was prohibited in this country. Tho
rosoltulon was adopted without dissent.
Minimum Wage
Tho question of the minimum wago
waa introduced by Miss Gutteridge in
rcjKirtiug us to her activities on  tho
committee appointed by thi' council on
thia   matter.    She.   reported    that   tho
evidence produoed by ihe witnossos at
tho  conference on   Wednesday   proVed
without doubt that no girl  or  womnn
could oxlst on less thnn $1-1.50 to $1(5
per week.    She spoke- very highly of
th»; way Mrs. Ellis of Victoria had presented  her  evidence,  and   referred   to
thc evident defects of the act.    She
pointod out that under ihe present system  there  would be an  incentive  for
the employers to employ younger girls
u«   against   the.  omployoes  that  wcro
over the age for the minimum wago
set, und that Ihe board  was going to
tix the rate fur the ymmger girls, nnd'
which  if  it  was  not  somewhere  near
tho rate llxed for those over J.H would
give   Ihe   incentive   referred   to.    Sho
ulso slated that the girls were sulccl-
ed   Without   reference   to   their   ability
or connciion wilh the retail clerk*, und
that iu one Instance the girl on tha
Committee   was   sitting   with   her   employer.   Del. Well.- Mated that he luid
as aocrotary of Hie _,, c. Federation of
Labor recommended Mrs. Ellis   as   a
line  fur the cmployi os, but
econimeiidiilK'!!   hud not been
Del. MeVety slated that it was only
fair to say 'that Mr. MoNlven, lho
Deputy Minister of Labor, had tried to-
get some representative of the retail
clerks, but lhat the clerks had tried tu*
get someone appointed that wus not
eligible, and that it was difficult to
get womon that could adequately repre
sent the employoes. Dol. Midgley
poitoed to the fact that no labor leg
islation was Mlrictly and fairly enforced unless the workers had the or-
guniwit-ion lo see that it was enforced.
Delegate Burgess moved that in view
of the fact that there is a state of
unemployment existing iu the country,
and that it is getting worse, that a
OOpy of the six-hour resolution be sent
to the Minister of Labor and to tho
Trades Congress and other central
bodies,   The motion was adopted.
Tho Censorship
Many local unimiH reported that their
organisations had endorsed ihe rosolu*
of the council on the censorship
of litoraturo, uud  ,h_   Bussian ritiitt-
Presldeut Winch, in reporting for tho
eommtttOO  to  investigate  into  tho affairs of the B, c. Fedorationist, reported tlmt the commit too were umiuinimm
iu their findings, which were   to   the
affQCt  thai under the circumstances thd
cluing)' in  the  inniiagement   was   warranted, und that  the change had  not
been  detrimental  to    Ihe    paper,    bnt
possibly benoflfllal, and that under thu
1 f.ircumstuaces the policy of the  pa|«-r
(Continued on page 4)
thftt iii' PAGE TWO
FBIDAY. December t, UU
Nothing like a good
suit of work clothes
Makes a man feel "just right" when he
can tackle the job with a suit of
Twin Bute Overalls and Work Shirts
fflHIS Engineers' Special, which we are
X advertising, is a real nifty garment, and
one o£ the remarkable members of the Twin
Bute family of -work clothes. Gomes in
black, blue, or blue with a white stripe. It's
good business to buy an extra suit—now.
Mado extra large, fitted with continuous fly
twin needle stitching, elastic suspenders, thc
THE beauty about this Engineers' Special
is its lasting qualities. Stands all the
rough work you can hand it, worn by en-
gine men who drive trains all over thc country. They swear by it, has eight pockets, a
special rule pocket.   Buttons rivetted on.
and pocket facings, tear proof and rip proof;
best of oloth—a dandy.
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
One Telegraph Systom
Washington—That telegraph facilities may bo used to tho fullest extent,
Postmaster Genoral Burleson orders
after December 1 tho telegraph systems
shall be operated as onc. Offices shall
accept for transmission all classes of
1 saissisiasst*^^
Want Mediation Board
Wilmington, Del.—The contrnl labor
union  has  recommended to  Governor I
Townsond tho creation of a stato indus-
trial commission, pattornod after tho '
national war labor board.   The governor ia urged to act through tho stato
council of defense.
Sanitary Conditions and First-Class Workmanship
j;      IssueoTiyySuio'iTyVttieOsarMakeis'International wiioo
■*. Union-made Cigars.
B-3& 3hiS (Sfllitlfi TMU.C>****.,*'**'*rt*t.H'i**b*«*M1*ii*>*M**.,	
*i VI     .KWtHOf M&MMM'n'lRt'iU'TlCiUlUH'Ml* A.*"**, tt c-J*f.**tM.i*.OtM tOtfi.ad-
tlie* Bowjuiiwiirt niuitcmwtrSft of mi m
t. HI Mtin -JUMOfteu* IM MU
* bPMiUu-Ub.l-.Ub, -vm**-*) 'Uadrq'-I-..
/ K Htftiut, PmUka.
r cti u./a**h
Cigarmakers Lockout and Strike
REMEMBER — Tuokett's "Club Special," "Marguerite,"
"Preforrod," also "La Preferencia," "Carabana," "Promoter" and other Cigars.
Cigarmakora Joint Advisory Board
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Or-
* namental and Shade Trees. Seeds, Bulbs, Florlsta' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
2-8TORBS-2 ■•
ts Hastings Street East, Sey. 988*478 — 7S8 Oranville Street, Sir 0S1I
Stanflolds, Watson, Penman, Turnbull, Wolaoy, in all woighta—all aizes.
Tou'It Bave big money buying Underwear here Saturday.
|       "She Store thats always busy"       j
OrlBln*. Not-a-Seed, «t lte
Not*n*Sood Raiilaa S Itl, Ste
Locana  Seeded Ratilna,  15*01 pkt.
for   - IS"
Cleaned Curr.nH, lb SOe
Hhollod Almonds, lb , 70c
Shelled Walnuts, lb 70c
Lemon .nd Orange Pool, lb 40c
Mlnee Mo.t, 2 Ibl. for  250
1l.tr!  Null,   lb SOe
Walnuts, lb .. jjc
Almond.  » Us. for tjc
M.lliln'B  Tr. t5c
Slater's Bod Labol To.  -loo
Motor*. Rod L.bol Coffoo 10c
II. V. Cnlnup  20c
Sliced   Baoon,   lb 46c
Sliced  Il.con,  lb 60c
Ayrahlro B.con, lb 50c
Milord  Rol!  B.con,   Ib ....40c
Cooking Eggs,  doien   00c
Albort. Storage Ess", dot...600
Albert. Fresh Eggs, doi 05c
Compound  I.ard  2 lbs. 55c
Bocf Dripping  2 lbs. 66c
Bonllj-ht Bo»p"."."...r........4 for 26c
Royal Cri         .......
i So.p 6 for 260
Smnll Pieces B.con, 2 to 3 lli».
llrgulsr  41   l*2c.     Saturday
only   38 1-20
Picnic Hams. Regular SI  l*2c.
Salurilay only  28 l*2c
Book   Bncon.     Reg.   46  l*2o.
Saturday only, lb 42 l-2c
Albert.  Special  Butter,  lb 55c
Alborta Spoolal Buttor 3 lbl. 11.00
Alberto Creamery Buttor, lb 50c
Sardines.  - 3   for  25c
Olsrk'S Pork and Beans..3 for 26c
Aunt Dinah's Molasses, Mb. tins
Slater's Famous Cottage Rolls,
3 to 5 lbs. each. Saturday
only      SB  1-20
123 Hastings Street East
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 4683
The Great Reformers
[By J. B.]
Now, boys nnd girls, wo aro to travel
in our -imagination across tho Atlantic
Ocean und como to England. Turning
tho timo back about 6000 yoars, lot us
pull aside the curtains of the past and
tako a poop at tho pooplo then. Hero
is a tiny houso with a mud floor and a
thatched roof. The family hero nil
work on tho groat estate which rises
imposingly in tho distance. They have
ono cow, and a sheep, both of which
can pasture on the little green which
confronts their dwelling. Lot us now
direct our gaze to the big stone, castle
afar. Numbers of mon work hero, but
unlko tho humble ownor of tho little
cottage, those men are slaves. They
are attached to the soil, and may be
sold with it. just like any animal, at
thc will of their master. They felt
thoir condition to bo a very bitter and
eruol one, when thoy thought of the
men who had more freedom than they.
But hard times came, for the freeman
in tho cottage. Tho land-owner wantod
to havo more land and started to fence
in thc little strip of green or common,
upon which thoir cow or sheep had fod.
Whoro now were thoy to got food, or
even tho clothing which thoir sheep
had given them? And to mnko things
ovon harder more taxes wore laid upon
them by their mastors. In fact every
porson over fifteen had to pay a tax.
Such was tb/o state of England when
a tnnn arose to speak for thc people.
Thc man who took up their wrongs was
John Ball. And he was one of thc
early reformers. Tho peoplo could not
remember whon thoy had heard such
things us John Ball was to tell thom.
Why! They had never bofore realized
that such things wcro true. But his
words could not be doubtod. This is
what John Ball said: "AH mon aro by
nature born equal. The distinction betwoen bondage and freedom is the work
of your oppressors. The difference in"
rank should be done away with, and
all would bc of tho same nobility and
authority." Of courso, the rich people
soon sent John Ball off to prison.
Novor mind. The poor people remember him. Then what did the land owners do but pass an act forbidding anyone to listen to the teaching of John
Ball. Still thoy could not stamp out his
influence. As things became worso for
the poor people. Hero again they woro
fooled. In order to stop the rebellion,
the land-owners made many fino promises, nono of which thoy kept. When
John Boll got out of prison he preached
a sermon to a groat crowd of poople.
This was his text: "When Adam delved
(which means dug) and Eve span, who
then was the gontloman t" What do
you think that meansf
Seeing that wo are in England, let us
go to sleep for about four hundred
years. Suroly when wo wake up, after
that lapse of time, things will bo better for tho poor poople than thoy wero
whon the reformer John Ball lived in
Well. Slowly opening our eyes.
Yawning a bit. Stretching our limbs
and trying to flnd out whero we arct
Why, it is the north of England. There
are great factories, all huddled togothor, belching forth black, dense smoke
so thick that it might be cut. And
that incessant, awful, roaring noise! It
is like to break our oar-drums. Will
it ovor stop, wc wonder to ourselvcsf
But where are the peoplo t This is indeed a great chango. Instead of the
pleasant country this crowded city.
Hero all things am made by great ma-
chinos, and so quickly too. Why before, we calculate, that piece of cloth
now issuing from the machine would
havo taken months. Yos, now there
are not aetual slaves. Theso poople
(hut guide the machine cannot be sold
with thom. We note that. This is
perhaps a little hotter than before. But
lot us look more closoly at theso poople.
How sickly, how polo and how short
thoy arel What a long timo thoy have
to stay watching those machines? How
dirty thc room is in which they havo
to work. Phewl There is no fresh air.
The badly ventilated room makos our
head ache right away. The peoplo havo
to work here ovory day. Sometimes 14
hours a day. What is, that we spy in
the corner?
Why, that is n Uttle child. There
ure more of them of nil sizes und ages.
Suroly! Wo say to ourselves, this is
terrible They cannot go to school, nor
learn to road or writo, nor havo any
timo for play. Mutters do not improve
whon wc come with these pooplo to
their homes, Of course thoy had to
live within walking distance of the factory. Evor so many of them had to
live right in the same placo. Ten or
twelve in a small rojtm, just as dirty
and as evil smelling us the rooms in
which they worked in the factory.
After nil this doesn't seem, to us, a's
good us the lust picture, nt least not
any bettor.
There wore nt least two men in Englnnd who felt naliHincd that their fellow creatures should have fallen so low.
One of these mon was Hobcrt Owen.
He, too, was a reformer, but wc are
glad lo be able to tell that ho did
something to relieve thc poople. Robert
Owen was tho son of a saddler. He
was born in North Wales. At ten,
Hobcrt wus working in tho shop, and
all his spare moments were spent in
reading   and   self-education.     Finally,
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir-
Last summer when al ltho country was
workod up frantic by the capitalistic
prostituto sheets and any radical who
had guts, so to speak, to got us and
voice his convictions, ho was dubbed
seditious, pro-Gorman and whatnot.
Radical, grumbling and revolutionary
papers wore suppressed by our Czar
of the P. O. Burloscon and wo
couldn't get much* to read. Then 1
happened on the B. C. Fedorationist,
liked it so well that I immediately notified my follow workors that the Fod.
was 0. K. and the members of the
I. W. W. are buying moro of thoso than
any other except our own.
Vot you persist in slamming our organization overy chance you can got.
I just finished reading an article in
this latost issuo about our ten fellow
workors in Australia wboroby you
camouflage and say '' readers don't
think for ono moment that tho Australians caro a rap for I. W. W.-ism, but
'organizod' Labor stands by thom bo-
cause thoy want to soo thom got a fair
trial." And you como ia with a slur
and stato Labor has nothing to gain
from tho I. W. W. You say pur organization is opposed to Labor in Aus-
trulia. If you can stand up and say
that in tho faco of facts that tho
I.W.W. is tho only organization that
IS bitterly opposed* by thc bosses tho
world over, an organization that has
stood for tho battoring ours did and
still lives, shows but one thing—that
wo have got the goods.
The Wobblies arc not only rebels in
mind, but in action. Wo stand open
and any man that is not prejudiced
must admit wo have been tho biggest
factor in the country in bettering eruditions—educating men who you a few
years back said were hopeless. Tho
migratory laborer—we have thousands
of men iu jail and more going in all
tlio timo, and can show you trade
unionist cards and spades in organizations.
Now don't at this time, tho greatest
timo in history, start rapping Labor,
whother it is I. W. W. or any other.
This is tho time wc should all stick together ond flght, whother we believe in
political action or power on the job;
that's to the individual to decide; but
I'm surprised that so learned a man as
you should seek to hinder tho progress
of any labor organiaztiou becauso you
differ in tactics, and it pains me to
think that wo-must still continue that
old bull-fable story—"political action
and direct action." What do you care
as long as it gets tho bacon. Pie-card
artists, meow, but real class-conscious
workors stick and work in harmony,
Tako a tip and chango your ways.
Taeoma, Nov. 30.
Note by Editor—Tho article in question was penned by our special correspondent in Australia, and ho gives tho
position as it is in that country. In
so far as knocking the I. W. W., wc
havo always taken the same stand, ns
we do now, that is, that the first line
of attack must be on political lines.
Direct action always brings in its trnin
tho results that have been gained by
the I. W. W. In so far as the activities of the I. W. W. is directed to obtaining better working conditions for
tho working class, they are good, but
their activities to bring about a change
in society by sabotage, or any mothod
of direct action, so long as tho political
Weapon is available, wo are not in accord with. If the writer of the lotter
will only read tho Fedorationist caro-
fully, ho will find that wc havo triod
to show tho causo of the lino of action
of tho I. W. W., which is the direct
action method of thc employing class in
many places in the United States.
Knowledge Needed
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir—If
our labor men wrote in a moro clear
manner, much misunderstanding would
be avoided. Labor men, especially
lenders, should possess a knowledge of
tho materialistic conception of history.
They should understand economics.
Well read men -in political and industrial history, knowing the chief causes
of their development, and the action
Bobert came up to the north of England. This is where we have been looking in on tho people crowded in the
factories. Here Bobert became the
manager of u cotton-mill. Then in
Lanark, Robert became part owner of
a cotton-mill. He had pitied the poor
working poople, as day by day he had
watched them. And now, Robert has
a cotton-mill of his own. Bight ot. his
own doors, he begins the reforms for
which the factory peoplo have long
waited. He shortened tho hours of
labor. He established schools for chil
dren. He opened a store, where work
people could buy food and clothes
cheaply. Ho improved their dwollings.
Theso houses, you may bc sure, were
bright and airy, with fino windows and
little plots of ground beside them. He
nlso urged upon the peoplo habits of
cleanliness. Ho even saw that men
cnlled inspectors should go around thc
factories ut regular intervals, to see
that conditions wore ns they should be.
Here ngnin rich nnd greedy people interfered. The other owners of the factory thought that Robert Owen was
spending too much money on the work
poople. So they all rose up against
him and took away from his sharo in
the mills, But the example had boen
laid down and although tho reforms of
Robert Owen appear to bo but short
lived, yet their influence was groat.
Ho has the honor of having founded
infant schools in England and of having started tho movemont of all
working together for the common
good, which we cull the co-operative
Lord Shaftesbury was one of thc
great reformers, who helped to make
into laws tho reforms which Robert
Owen had put into forco in his model
factory in Lanark. He worked to bring
about tho passing of the net which for*
bade women and children to work underground. They also limited the hours
of women and children under 18 to 10
hours a day. Lord Shaftesbury was a
man who had very great sympathy
with tho unfortunate. London, at this
time, was very poorly lighted. He
used to go about at night with a lantern. Down to tho dirtiest and darkest street would ho go. Do you know
that he often found sick and unfortunate people? Those ho would carry to
hospitals or places of shelter whore
they woro nursed back to health, For
43 years Lord Shaftesbury was prcsi
dent of the Ragged School Union and
those words mean just what they say
—they wero a number of schools where
the vory poor might be educated. Ho
was also onc of the founders of the
it has upon the fixing of price commodities, would not say, as Frank P. Walsh
said, that wagos must not docroaso to
pro-war times; that a maintenance of
prosent wage levels must bo adhered
to for a safe, orderly, national development. The lowom wago on which
a family can exist upon? (interrogation
mino) is 72 1-2 cents per hour. Many
of us havo existed in comfort during
war time on less than 72 1-2 cents per
hour. Ho admits through investigation
that the majority of laborers received
in wages a sum falling far short of
that necessary for their comfort.
"Mr. Walsh predicted that there
will be no roturn to the pre-war cost
of the prico of necessities within five
years at least, and said that even with
the reduction of living eost tho presont
wago standards must be maintained,
for then the workor in the average industry will be receiving only a fair return for his work."
If Mr. Walsh will keep an eyo on
Wall Street items he will boo prices
tending downwards already, this in connection with commodities which wero
groater in demand during tho war
activitios so recently closed. Whilst
stocks in peaceful enterprises havo
shown a tendency a riso, tho old law
of supply and demand plays havoc with
many good predictions. Tho worst of
it is, thiB formidable law applies to tho
commodity labor powor just as forcibly
as any othor.
Tho chiof aim of capitalism is to
produce as cheaply as possiblo; tho
forcos causing this phase to devolop iB
beyond tho control of capitalism. Capitalism is based upon privato ownorship
of property; but it has sneceodod in
building an international social producing machine and an international
social working class. Being based
upon privato property, the capitalistic
incentive becomes individualistic, its
life depends upon profits, and its pro-
Jits accrue from markets. The market
is the international proletariat. It la
good as long as the proletariat works,
but us soon as they ceaso working tho
markot censos also. Millions spent on
wharfs, ships, railways, waterways,
lines of communications, mining plants
or other large undertaking, aro spent
on the strength of its potential value
as u profit making concern. All tho reconstruction ideas fostered by the executives of capitalism have the samo
1» working class language it
means producing choapor slaves.
However black tho abovo picture
looks, and it can not be nny other
shade, yet thore is a ray of hope contained within the programme. With
the cessation of hostilities, tho development begins as per above, add to this
tho gigantic movements "bnck to the
land" idea. I am assuming the surplus labor can be absorbed in development work, in which case all will bo
well until the dovelopment has developed. Now with this vast improvement
in the hands of socioty, what will it do
with its surplus labor, not only thu labor liberated from dovelopment work,
but also that surplus caused through
the betterment of the mnchinery of
production. The reduction of hours
cannot safely go bolow six hours per
day. That is from a master class standpoint. Tho dangers lie in the possibility of working class education arisiug
out of thc surplus timo thrust upon the
workers through scientific reconstruction. Heroin lies the ray of hope for
thc workers, and the death knell of
Monetary expressions in prices do
not save anything. .A slave class who
gets an averago wago of $5 per day
and requires it to defray its oxponses is
just us cheap as a slave class who used
to got half that amount. Comfort on a
community scalo undor capitalism is m
impossibility. Usury pre-supposes
want, the exploitation of labor creates
riches and precipitates want. The constant development and improvement of
the producing machinery must tend to
reduce prices. Industry specialized
swells the working class and decreases
tho capitalist class. All theso improvements tend to cheapen the price of
labor power. Tho supply of labor powor
constantly increases und tho demand
decreases, so that in tho end a crisis
must come. What we want as workers
is somothing different to wagos.
Wages is the priccB of labor power as a
commodity. A commodity is something
for sale. Well, whon we sell our life
to a mastor wo aro not free, therefore
wc want to chnnge the systom from
one of proflt making to one of use making-
Production for use will solvo the
wholo problem. Tho chiof study will
bc tho necessities of society. Tho necessities ot society will determine its
activities. Economy in production nnd
reaBon in consumption will bo tho rule.
Wage talk is waste talk, it savors of
slavery. Hi^h sounding wagos may be
low, and low ones high, rolativc to its
purchasing powers. This is neither
hero nor there. The fact is, we don't
want wagCB at all. Wages is only a
small part of tho full value of a day,
wook, month or yoars, expended labor
power. The other part is unpnid for,
so we want to do away with wages and
produco for use only.
Undor the wagCB systom as at pro-
Bent, the country possessing the cheapest labor power will gain tho advantage
in tho world market. ThcBO conditions
will react upon moro unfavorable countries whero labor Is high; it will force
them down. It may possibly create a
slight benefit to tho low priced lnbor,
thus causing an equilibrium. On the
whole, pricos of labor must decrenso
with the development of tho machino
and efficiency. The war-time seemingly disproves thiB theory, but it is apparently only tho labor market determined wages. So will it in tho future
in Bpito of Mr. F. P. Walsh and others
would-be saviours of labor.
Yours for production for use,
If you huvon't Joined tho FedoKtf.fl Lsbor
Party, got In touch with Secretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of tbe vice-
president! throngbont the province. ***
Leather Goods Store
Ladles' Hand Bags a Specialty
All Klnda of High (trade
Travelling Ooods
Phone Sey. 2114   Vanconver, B.O.
I np Phone Seymonr ISM for
Dr. W. J. Curry
Snlte 301 Dominion Building
You will not
be "soaked"
0_ Bo mu; people sefleet
their eyea evon whei they
know Ihey •hould have
them attended to—when
they know they ahonld be
wearing glasses — beeause
they are afraid they will
be   overcharged—and   be-
, cause of the uncertainty of
the eost.
_ I want any of yon union
men who fesi that you
may require glasses—you
or your wives—to eome in
and let me examine your
eyes. Let me tell you what
ia wrong—if anything—
what it will cost to give
yon glasses that will make
seeing and living more
q Uy optical sorvice is the
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
Mymoir INS
OranviUe Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale's
; Canada Food Board;
;   Licence 8—1855   ;
—that immey-Buving habit ia a good
one. "My Cosh nnd Carry" systom
gives you bettor groceries for Iosb
E. C. Golden West Soap, per box of
144  .: - J4.75
6 cakos for 20c
Bluo Eibbon Tea, por lb _ 56c
100-lb. purchases less 5 por cent.   Why
pay 65c per lb. f
Dillooot PotatoOB, vory fine;  100 lbs.
for  »2.25
lOsick lotB  $22.00
Maple Loaf Milk, 20-oz. c;uis  lie
'Per cobo of 48 tins  _..?4.76
Baby Cream  £ for 25c
Case of 48 tins  $2.76
Egg-0 Baking Powder, tin 20c
New Season's Jam, 4-lb. cans, pure;
prico  ..  .06c
Ashcroft Whito Beans 2 lbs. 25c
Sogers' Syrup, 5-lb. cans  48c
Por case of 12 cans _..$5.60
Logs of Local Lamb, lb 36c
Grain Fed Pork-
Legs, por lb SOe
Shoulders, per lb —30c
Loins, por lb -» 36c
Suet, por lb 30c
Bost Puro Lard  86c
S. T. Wallace's
118 Halting. St. W.     %H£___
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine Ortumy Lather
and Dom Not Dry on tha Face
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln Britlah Colombia
Crown, Brldfll and niUsfi
■ads th. sains shads si yoa owa
mural tMtk.
Dr. Gordon
Opei innings 7:80 lo l:M.
Dentil none lo attendance.
Ovsr Owl Dm Store
Phoae sey. 5181
Choosing a gift for a
woman is quite a simple
matter here if you want
something with use as
well as beauty.
Charmeuse Poplin
A suit or coat length of
this soft, warm silk and
wool certainly carries
the spirit of all Christ-
man means; mahogany,
Russian green, plum,
navy, black; 42 inches.
Price $6.95
Saba Bros.
"Che Silk Specialists
Hen's Hatters and Outfitter!
tao annuls strut
el« Baltingi Strut West
Excelsior Laundry
554-556 Richards Street
Drop Calls can be made
after hours
If feu .re contemplating taking new
eonrlco or mnking my channel In ronr
preient Bervice, 700 Ihould lend in notification In writing not later than the
above dato ln ordor that yon msy be
Hated ln tbe new directory.
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(Bnuwtok-Bslke Collender Oo.)
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Greatest Stock of
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Replete in every detail
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Refined Servioe
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Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
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f       TENTH YEAR.   No. 49
The Workman
is worthy of his hire.
q Today, thanka to improvod social conditions—still improving, tbo workman iB worthy of tho best that the
world produces. His hiro is good food, good clothes,
leisure, pleasure, health. Tho first requisite of good
health and tho capacity to enjoy life is a good equipment of teeth. Don't allow decayed and missing teeth
to keep you from tho joy of living. Ono missing tooth
seta the wholo grinding npparatus awry—puts tho teoth
out of thoir propor "bito"—begins tho process of decay
which means the end of tooth efficiency. Tako care of
your teoth now. Lot me rcplaco the missing ones with
sound, handsome and efficient .new ones and tho health
and handsomeness to which you are entitled.
Q Highly skilled dental sorvico—
completo modern equipment—
reasonable prices. This is what
I offer you.
Fine Dentistry
Steming the Tide of Evolution Will Result in Revolutionary Action
New War-time Election
Act Is Now Being
Friday and Saturday
60c   Zara   Buk  ...„ _ 34c      25c   MInard's  Liniment  _ lte
en   » .j.    -ar   .1 i ai .      .        -*>•       *0c  banltol Cream  -...24c
SOo Reid'B Menthol Ointment  33c     j1<00 mi>_ Syrup of
50c   Pepi    ..„ „ -...38c Hypophosphites     70s
60o Roid's Pile Ointment .. 28c      50C  Orchard   White   _ 36c
35c Mention's Tooth Paste  —23c $1.25 Pinkham's Vegetable
60c Parrish's Chemical Pood   28c Compound    _ „ Mc
25c Reid's Witch Hazel Cream ..18c      10c Rlt -Dyei,  8  for  —25c
25c Aromatic Cascara  - 18c     50c   Reid'B   Kidney   Pills    29c
60c Tepoco Tooth  Paste  46c 2.1c Witch Hazel Shaving Stick....13c
60« Velouto Face Powder  26c 60c Hind's Honey and  Almond
25c  Mennon'a  Talcum ..._ 14c Croam    „ _ 43c
lfie Verbena Bath Soap  10c      35o Infant'a Delight  Soap  23c
Or   3   for   26c 75c Box Armour's   Soap,   (2 cakes),
11.00  Liquid Arvon  - 74c and   Talcum    _.. ~..38c
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
US Bastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1966 and 1966
7 Hastings Street West seymonr 3832
782 QranvfUe Street Seymonr 7013
Oor. Oranvllle and Broadway Bay. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 and 1733-0
If yea would get the best selection of goods suitable for gifts, you
will hero to SHOP BAELT, as goods will bo rather seareo this year.
Heme Coats, Gloves (wool or silk lined), Mufflers, Handkerchiefs, Neckwear (silk or poplin), Umbrellas for ladies or gentlemen.
SWEATER COATS for ladles, men or boys.
Also SUITS AND OVERCOATS for men and boya.
and wo sell good UNION-MADE SHOES. Our
Shoes arc made by skilled union labor.
They are manufactured by the country's most
noted shoo manufacturers, who employ union
labor only.
You should buy your Shoes hore, Mr. Union
If an. You'll furthor you own interests by wearing our good, reliable, union-made Shoes,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Vancouver's Onion Shoe Store
100 Boys' Suits, worth to $15.00 for $ 9.85
Ten dozon Men's Work Gloves, worth $2.00, for    $  1.35
Twenty dozen Men's Work Gloves, worth $1.25, for 85
Men's Raincoats, rubberized lining, worth $27.50, for..ip22.50
Men's Odd Pants, worth to $5.00, for $ 2.85
Men's Work Shirts, worth $2.00, for $  1.25
These arc just as ndvertiscd, and we stand behind every garment.
The word reconstruction is a word to
conjure with in those days of tho now
democracy f   Judging by tho   various
articles appearing in tho daily press
there seems to be a genoral fear  in
some quarters that thore will shortly
be nothing loft to   reconstruct;    the
tendency therefore in theso quarters* is
to patch up the system that has fallen
to pieces.   One of thoso eminent saviours of the human race, a banker, is
reported  by the Daily   Provinco   of
December 2 as saying that conditions
in tho West must bo firmly handled.
This gentleman, who by tho way is Sir
Herbert Holt, president of the Boyal
Bank of Canada, says;   "We have in
the Wost a tincture   of   Bolshevism,
which, if not delicately handled, may
load to grave trouble.   There is a disposition to withhold support from men
of brains and means who havo their
capital in enterprises which havo redounded to tho general good."    He
goos on to say that, "That tendency in
tho West, that tendency toward radical
chango and upheaval,   requires   most
careful handling," and ho then asks
the question, "Havo wo   the   instrument!    This eminent gentleman is a
representative  of  that  noble  institution that haa sent representatives   to
Siberia for tho purpose of constructing
a   financial flim-flam schemo  in   that
"wonderful storehouse of natural   resources" for the purposo of gaining
"support for those wen of brains and
means" who will   undoubtedly    "engage in enterprises" which will "redound to tho goneral good"  (of thc
class that Sir Herbert Holt is a fully;
■accroddted mouthpiece.) ■*. |
Ho is genuinely alarmed about the \
radical tendencies of tho West; ho
sees in those tendencies tho absolute
collapso of his well planned schemes
of proflteoring; no doubt ho is beginning to realize that the people everywhere aro getting tired of producing
for proflt and measuring their prosperity by tho amount of necessities thoy
sond out of tko country. He, no
doubt, has read about the Mothodist
Conference going on record as being
Echos of the Recent Pan-
American Laborg
Scathing Indictment by Veteran Socialist
....   ,,.,—-.     ..*.*.    uiiu     ,n.11,    A l_-.lt,MJlJIlt!    Ull
his death-bed acknowledged hts gratitude to said organization.
Upon roading this statement by you
whicli contains othor mattor along tho
same line I at onco sent the following
telegram to Laredo:
"Louis N. Morones,
"Vice-Chairman Pan-Amorican
Labor Conferonco, Laredo, Texas.
"Bc not deceived by Moyor's statement. Ho is now training with thc
Federation fakirs that wanted him hung
12 years ago and maligning the men
that saved his life, If you want the
truth I can furnish it and I daro Gompers to face mo and deny it.
I now writo to you direct to ask you
if you mndo this statement nud if you
did I want to brand it for what you
___,— o-—o -" •«»«*« «*>  uuiug I know it to bc. as an absolute false-
in favor of producing for uae, which,  hood.    But boforo passing final judg-
as Mr. James Connolly said nt the Cen-  ment I wish to give you full opporlu*
tral  Ratepayers'  Association  mooting nity to say what you havo to say in
At tho recent Pan-American Conference held in Mexico, tho Mexican delegates tried to havo a resolution passed,
calling for the release of tho members
of the I. W. W. from prison. Tho opposition to tho resolution was led by
Chas. Moyer, who assisted Bill Haywood in tho founding of the I.W.W.,
and at ono time was arrested with
Haywood and others. Tho following is
a copy of a letter sent by Debs to
Moyer, in which he calls on Moyer and
tho A. F. of L. to make good. That
Debs knows what he waB talking about
none can deny, as he was ono of the
leading spirits that were responsible
for the securing of tho release of the
men in tho toils, amongst whom waa
(Copy.)      Terro Haute, Ind.,
November 16,1918.
Chas. H. Moyer,
President Mine, Mill nnd
Smelter Workers, Denver, Colo.
Dear Sir*
In tho press despatch in this morn
ing's papors roporting tho proceedings
of thc Pan-American Labor Conference
now being held at Laredo, you aro reported as having Baid that tho A- F.
of L. saved your lifo and tho lives of
Haywood and PotHbono twelvo years
ago, that you aro now endeavoring to
repay that organization for having
saved your life and that Pettibone on
iu Vancouvor recently, '' is gaining
wido acceptance at these times." Why
is there a disposition to withold support from these wonderful mon. of
brains and means who have invested
"their" capital! Doesn't Sir Herbert
know? Or is ho only stalling? If he
does not know, then it is time that
somobody told him that (hose men of
brains? and means have been putting
too high a valuation on their brains,
and tho means that they claims as
theirs simply represent tho swag that
has been stolen from labor in tho past,
and it is becauso of this wholesale
stealing that these "radical tendencies" aro manifested. Thia is why
such conservative bodiea as Methodist
conventions say that production for
profit must give way to production for
use. If Bolshevism becomes rampant
and tho menace of revolution spreads
ovor the world, it will only be because
the class to which Sir Herbert Holt belongs is too blind to Bee thc writing
on the wall and. too.inhuman to realize
that thero is another class in society
that is entitled to a living.
Tho Vancouver World in an editorial!
on December 2, headed "Tendencies in
tho Labor Movement," in dealing with
a proposal to be put to the international labor conference to be held in
Paris whilo tho peace conference is going on, having for its object a trade
union fedoration to embrace the workers of the world, says:
"Such a federation will not come
into existence all at once, but sooner
or later it must achievo great power."
Tho fear is expressed that international boundary lines will bo wiped
out and a class wur proclaimed which
will have for its object the "abolition
of the bourgeoise" and "capitalist."
A bouquet is handed to labor when
tho editorial goes on to say that
"Somo of the aims of labor oro exclusively for the benefit of tho workers and, some for the general good.
There arc nt present two Bt reams of
tendency in the world-wido labor movement. One is the improvement by evolutionary methods of thc economic position of the worker, tho gradual taking
over of political power in evory country, the curtailment of production for
profit and its replacement by production for use." "The other side is
not evolutionary, but revolutionary; it
is the taking of thc kingdom of thc
working man by force. It iB the method
of thy Bolsheviki, of tho Commune, tho
method of torror and revolution; a
short cut to the triumph of the proletariat."
The writer of tho editorial consoles
himself with the thought that the
strength of tho latter movement ia
not great" and goes on to say that
"probably it will lose a good deal of
its hold when tho world returns to a
more settled stato and Russia, tho chief
centre of it, reorganizes itself on a
stable basis."
"Yet it ia unquestionable that the
revolutionary tendency is growing,
that 'clnsH consconsness' is daily being
accentuated and the prospect, of a
European 'class warfare is becoming
more ominous.' "
This editorial is a healthy sign of the
times and the class to which Sir Henry
Holt belongs would do well to leave
their mountains of figures long enough
to tako a look around them and find
the causo of the manifestation of
theso radical tendencies, instoad of
trying to stem the rising tido of dis-1
(Continued on page 6)
your defence. If you havo been misrc
presented I shall bo glad to know it,
but if you have been truthfully reported I want to know for what you nre
in the Labor movoment.
Time was when I had full confidence
In you and held you in respect, but I
confess to have somo doubt os to your
integrity after hearing roports concerning you and your performances as a
union leader from apparently trustworthy sources. Still, I would give
you tho benefit of tho every doubt and
it would afford me far greater satisfaction to havo you clenr yourself and
stand forth aB the man I have believed
you to bo than to see you, liko so many
others with whom you are now in close
affiliation, corrupted and dishonored
for tho sake of hanging on to an official job and selling your very soul for
" mess of pottage.
If you stood before that conference
at Laredo und made thc statement
abovo quoted, you know that you uttered a deliberate untruth, an untruth
so flagrant that it should havo stuck
in your throat and made you blush
scarlet with shame.
You know as well as I do what influences saved your lifo and you know
thnt it was not the A. F. of L.' You
know that Gompers nnd his gang wanted you and Haywood and Pettibone
hung twelve years ago just as tho snme
gang wants Haywood to be kopt in tho
penitentiary today. You know that this
gang, this Gompers gang that you are
now check by jowl with, never lifted
a finger to help you but on tho contrary did everything they could in a
sneaking ana underhanded way to send
you to tho gallows until tho Socialists
and the loyal men in the Labor movement hnd stirred up the country and
mado your acquittal practically certnin,
nnd then only did they allow them-1
selves to drift with the current and reluct untly concede—nnd it strained
them not a little to mako tho concession—that you wero really entitled
to a fair trial.
You know this to bo thc fact as
well as I do. John M. O'Neil, your
official associate and editor of your
magazine, fiercely donouncod Gompers
and his crowd for their porfidy nnd
cowardice. You know this too and you
also know that at your official headquarters there was not a day that
passed that Gompers and his pals whom
you aro now currying favor with wero
not roundly denounced as a corporation tools and traitors to union labor
for their cowardly and contemptible
attitude in the Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibone nffair at tho timo thc Socialists stood almost alone in fighting
your battle and the general belief was
that they .would bo hanged as murder-
And now, if this report is true, you
havo the hardihood to stund before a
body of labor delegates and tell them
that it was the A. F, of L. that saved
your life and to tnke the message back
to their constituents und spreud the
lie in thc Mexican Labor movemont so
thnt it might be misled and betrayed
into believing thnt. the A. F. of L. is
tlie only tried nnd trusted champion of
the working clnss while the I. W. W.
is the traitorous conspiracy agninst
labor wliich should bO wiped from the
I hnve had very positive differences
with Haywood as you well know, but
if you mnde this statement to deceive
tho Mexican delegates, thon I would
rather a thousand times be Haywood in
penitentiary for the reBt of my days
I than to bo Moyer with a life tenure of
the presidency of the western miners or
ovon tho presidency of the United
You are quoted in your statement os
having used tho following language:
"Pettibone died, and on his death-
bod ho gave thanks to the American
Federation of Labor for tho holp it had
givon him."
Who was at his death-bed scene?
Who was it that heard hira express
theso thanks? I want to know and I
insist on your telling me. I know exactly how Pettibone felt towards Gompors and his crew in tho A. F, of L.,
and I would be willing to stake my lifo
that ho nevor oxprcssod his thanks to
them for anything unless it might bo
for having corned his profound contempt.
Gompers and his A. F. of L. bunch
helped to save your lifo and tho lives
of Haywood and Pettibono just as tho
samo gentry helped to win the A. R. U.
Btrike in 1804. They did not raise a
finger in support of the strike but in
thoir characteristically cowardly and
underhand way thoy did all they could
to discourage and defoat It and not until they wero virtually dragged to Chicago by the angry and threatening rank
and file of their organization did they
make a movo and then only in the nature of a pretense of sympathy whieh
they wore compelled to make, and which
but masked their perfidy.
, And that is precisely the kind of help
they rendered Moyer, Haywood and
Pettibono whon their lives were at
stake and the bones of the three of you
would long since have been consumed
in quick-lime had you depended upon
them to save you from the gallows.
_t is quite true that some of tho rank
and file of the A. F. of L. joined in the
movement to save you from being hanged, but they wore mostly Socialists, and
thoy above all others denounced Gompors and tho high officials for their
cowardly and disgraceful attitude. You
do not givo theso Socialists any credit
however, to whom you actually owe
your life, and youjtnow thaf most of
those who led in tho movemont in your
behalf, especially at the beginning when
you wero branded by tho capitalist
press aa murderers and assassins, did
not belong to tho A. F. of L. at all.
You owe all your gratitude, according
to yourself, to tho Gompers administration whieh in its hoart wanted you
hanged as high aB Hainan, and well do
you remember it from your own mouth
havo I heard your honost opinion of
Gompers and his official associates.
I havo stood up for you, Charlie
Moyor, in Butto and other places whon
you were attacked, charged with boing
a weakling, a fakir and a corporation
tool. On my last trip out thero I was
warned at Butto not to attompt to do-
fond you, but I did it nevertheless in a
packed moeting I addressed, and I told
your accusers ty their faccB that their
charges against you could not go unchallenged whilo I was there.
And am I now to havo to confess to
thoso men that they knew you better
than I did and apologize to thom for
tho wrong I did them and the causo of
Labor in defending you? This will de
pend entirely upon yourself.
In your statoment to thc Laredo conferonco a deliberate and damning falsehood was put into the Labor record,
and it shall not remain there if I can
help it, and I think I can.
Awaiting rour roply, I am, respectfully yours,        EUGENE V. DEBS.
(om\  ?IMNIM\
\ Oity. 18.00 )
j Et'd. 1010
$1.60 PER YEAB
for both Men and Womon, of a class and
character, sterling and stylish. We aro the'
original B. C. Pioneer Firm of Custom Tailors
whoso namo and rocord is known—yest and
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and at a price you oan afford to pay.
Suits for Men
from $35 up
Suits for Women
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Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
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To TkudflTlll.'tlit word "Orpbtum"
muni tbe twit lu tbe world—te Via-
courtr tbo
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muni ths tort -siting pltce ln town;
muilc Md dancing In tht tvtalaf.
Drop   in  toy  Umt.    Bluest anion
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Matinee 2:80
Evenings 8:20
10 Sub. Cards
Good tor one jest's »nbj criptJon to Tke B.
0. Federal Ionia I, wlJJ be nulled lo any address In Cnnada for 913.60. (Oood anywhere
outside of Vanconrer «Hj.)    Order ten
day.    Pemil when sold.
  ■ ■  ■ a
All Have Increased in Price Except Dread
if you want to save money—
begin using bakers' bread
EASILY SEEN, when yon consider Unit the price of bread hns not increased
one iota in the ln«t 18 months-, while fuol, shortening, milk, Hour, substitutes, butter or any article neeessary in baking hilR steadily gone "skyward'-
In priee.
Thi:. is tho direct result of the adoption and use of the most modern machinery in America with the resulting simultaneous produetion of thousands of
loaves baked in the some lime that it would ordinarily take thc housewife to
bnko a batch of four. Watch the following advertisements showing the mod-
om bakery at work.   Quit baking—try bakers' bread today.
Order from Your Grocer or
FBIDAT. December 6, 1011
IB. _ F
■/utiliubed every Friday morning by tbe B.
Federatlonist, Limited
A. S. Wells Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
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Subscription Hates: United States and
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per year; in Vancouver City, $2.00 per
year; to Unions subscribing in a body
$1.25 per member per year. ,
'•Unity of Labor:   the Hope of the World'
FRIDAY December G, 1018
FROM MANY sourcos wo aro inform*
cd that tho future of Russia depends
on the Allies bringing about a stable
form  of  government  in  that  country,
Not  very long ago wo were ;ilso informed that the roa-
THOSE son for tho intorvon-
ELUSIVE tion of tho Allies in
MARKETS Russia was to offset
tho German activities and influence iu that country. Today, however, WO sec no intention on
tho part of tho Allies to withdraw their
forcos from Siberia aud other parts of
tho land until recently ruled ovor by
thu Romanoff dynasty. Judging from
the way that Gormany has knuckled
under to (he power of tho Allies, there is
little to fear from German influence, as
if all v/o are told is true, Germany has
no Influonco, unless it be the Influence
of tho working class activities of that
country on the working class of other
lands. That this influence is being felt
thore can be no doubt, for have wo not
been warned against the effect that tho
spread of democracy, or what is termed
Bolshevism in Germany may havo on
England. Karl Liebknecht, onco tho
much-he raided, is now in disfavor. Not
that ho has changed, but becauso it
looks as if ho might bo ablo to put his
views into effect, and then look what
effect it would havo -if all tho other
countries wero to adopt the same kind
of domocracy. Howover, to roturn to
Russia. It would appear that tho oyes
of the manufacturers of this country
aro turned to the land of possibilities
for trade. In discussing tho potentialities of Russia as a market for the goods
produced on this continent, wo find that
one of tho things that is expected to
bo most noedod in that country, is farm
machinery. Until very recently, very
littlo farm machinery had been introduced into Russia. And as a result,
agricultural pursuits have not boon followed by as efficient methods as thoy
havo in this country. Now thoro ia only
market largo enough to tako caro of a
eortain amount of wheat, and so far as
wo can seo, while Canada and tho
United States have been greatly taxed
during the past four years to provido
for sufficient wheat products for tho
Allies, that this is due to several reasons that will not exist now that thc
war is over. Australia has moro thnn
ono year's crop on hand at the prosont,
and the farmers are crying aloud in
that land because they are not able tu
got rid of their present surplus. In addition to this, tho Allied countrios will
produce more whent in the near future
than they havo ever done before. Tho
reason that Australia has not boen able
to dispose of the surplus product, wns
becauso thero wero no bottoms to carry
it away. Tho introduction of farming
machinery into Russia, if curried out,
will tcud to a greator production of
wheat in that country, and a consequent curtailment of tho market for
lho Canadian produced wheat. So what
may bo the manufacturers' gain, will
bo tho formers loss. And so it can bo
followed-nit down tho lino, tho introduction of machinery into any country,
not today using it in the manufacture
or production of any commodity, will
eventually bring about a restricted
market, and a further overproduction
of tho commodities that tlie machinery
is designed to produce, and the workers
nnd the farmers, will be in exactly the
same position ,and thoy must eventually come down to the somo object, which
will be tho abolition of tho system that
makes thoir productivity a curse instead of n blessing. Thnt tho ruling
class does not realizo tho futility of
their offorts to obtain markets is evidenced by tho present attitudo towards
IF EVER there was a timo when tho
ruling clasa in society displayed its
ignorance, nnd inability to grasp a
situation, it is now.    From tho mouths
«f   so-called   statesmen,   and   financial
princes and lords of
A industry,    thoro    is
SAFE pouring forth daily a
DEMOCRACY string of empty platitudes and nonsense
The press, tho right hand of the vested
interests, is not very far behind in
showing how Mttlu it knows, or at any
rale how little of tlio truth it can publish. Nut only is it showing ignorance,
■but it is showing the logical outcome of
■it. Fear lias always been due to ignorance, and superstition, and as superstition is the natural outcome of lack of
knowledge .and wns born of the fear, of
surroundings which were and nro still
not understood, the ruling class is obsessed wilh fear as to the future. Sir
Herbert Holt, president of thn Roynl
Hank of Canada, Sir Oeorge Cnvo, formerly Home Secretary in the British
cabinot, and Secretary Daniels of the
United States, liavo all during the past
week given forth utterances which in
the first -instance, show lamentable ignorance of the trend of modern events,
and a foar born of that ignorance. And
what is it these gentlemen fear? It is
not war, for the war is over. And as
they are members of tho ruling class,
and have, as members of that class,
somo say as to whether there shall be
any future wars or not, they cnn have
no fears on that point. But evidently
what thoy fear, is the outcome of the
war just concluded, and th'e .consequent
period of peace. Secretary Daniels,
speaking at Buffalo last week, stated
thnt "it now remains to make democracy safe for tho world, by defining its
ends, nnd clarifying its purposes and
enacting into law its essential ideals."
Now, the abovo passage is so near to a
similar phrase that haB boen used dur-,
lag tho period of tho war, that its evident intent is to confuse and mislead
many people. Wc aro all well aware
that thu war was fought to maku thu
world safe for democracy, but thu making sale of democracy for tlio world
is a horso of another color, and savors
very much of tho art of camouflage
Now, Sir George Cavo is very much disturbed at thc advent of what ho terms
Bolshevism in Germany and the effect
it will have on the working poople of
Groat Britain. Whilo Sir Herbert Holt
is mightily upset by what ho terms a
tincturo of Bolshevism iu tho west. So
you soo that oach of those gentlemen is
filled with fear of thoy know not what,
but no doubt thoso that aro in authority
in these times will seo to it that thc
spread of Bolshevism is immediately
.-.lamped out, if it is possible to do so,
and tlio fears of those that act as
spokosmon of tho ruling class in tho
different countries will bc relieved.
# * *
Tho press is also vory much concerned 0*8 to tho tendencies of tho Labor
movement ,and wonders if the movement will take on a revolutionary or an
evolutionary form. The Bolsheviki re-
gimo is pictured as being an orge of
blood and slaughter, but it does uot picture tho capitalistic rcgimo, which has
just staged the most horrible scenes of
bloodshed lhat the world has ever seen
as being of a similar nature. Neither
tho press or the ruling class spokesmen
seem able to discern the tendencies of
the age, whieh is towards a democracy
based on industrial freedom, and that
the Bolsheviki, nnd the recent happenings in Russia are tho natural sequence
to the autocratic rulo of a class that
has all down through the ages oppressed and mistreated the peoplo of that
country, nnd that whoro force is tho
ruling power, that by forco it will eventually bo destroyed. Thc samo
press which is now concerned
at the spread of what it calls
Bolshevism, not vory long ago announced that Novomber 10th had beon
sot aside by the Soviets in Russia for
the massacre of tho Bourgeoise, but it
did not announco that on that very day,
all political prisonora were freed by
that same power. Tho fear of the ruling class of this and overy other capitalistic nation is that it will roceivo the
samo treatment as has been served out
to thn ruling class in Russia, nnd it is
adopting exactly tho policy that will
bring in its train reprisals which will
bo unwolcome. Tho peoples of tho wostorn countries do not have to tako forco-
ablo means to bring about a change in
tho methods oi government or in methods of production. Forco is only used
whon tho constitutional means of bringing about changes are denied the peo*
pie, and where thc example of forceful
methods of domination and govern
ment is first shown by tho ruling class
that stands in tho way of progress. The
word revolution is used in thc attempt
to fill tho people with fear. Tho much*
lauded evolution from capitalism to
the co-operative commonwealth is just
as much foarcd as would be a revolution in the sense pictured by the rulors
of today. Evolutionary, constitutional
methods, aro always adoptod by nations to bring about changes, where
that method is practicable, and as yet
tho means to bring about a complcto
chango without forco have not beon
takon away from tlio peoplo of Allied
countries, but a fow moro restrictions
on tho frnnchiso, and a littlo loss freo
dom of speech nnd press if it is possiblo, may tnko away tho last menns of
constitutional redress, for tho people of
* * *
Tho idea of making democracy safe
for thc world, throws a now light on
tho situation, and it would appear that
democracy hns to be defined and clarified, according to ruling class standards, The members of the working
class, however, have evidontly got some
notions of their own us to what shall j
constituto democracy, and a large number of workors in this country ,and in
tho old land, as well as in tho countries against whom war has been wnged
by tho Allies, aro evidently imbued
with the same ideas of democracy, and
as to what constitutes real freedom.
This form of democracy, howover, docs
not seem to suit the ruling class. They
desire to define it, and to clarify it. In
other words, to take the sting out of it,
and to mako it inocuous, and tame. Thc
domocracy of tho revolutionary Socinlists would mean democracy for thc
common herd. That would nover do.
Wo should destroy profits, and make
the world unsafe for tho profiteering
class, and then whore would bo incentive. Let tho ruling class define democracy as they may desire it, tho working
class has already put a construction ou
it that will never be destroyed. The
workors are out to take away the incentive for one class to prey on another. There is no wny in which the
class war can be denied, or settled until
thc world is freed from tho rule of ono
class owning thu means of wealth production, and by that ownership having
the power of lifo and death over tho
lulling millions of the enrth, There is
only one way of freeing I he nil i ng
class of tho fear of revolution, and of
removing the class distinctions, nnd tho
war between the ruling and thc ruled
classes ,and that is to do away with
the cause, which is the present system
of production for proflt. Aud by tin*
removal of that system ,the world will
be mado safe for democracy, and democracy will be clearly defined and
clarified. Ruling class clarification and
definitions will not satisfy the working
class, so to save time the rulers of all
lands may as welt accept without opposition that which evolution hns
brought about.
ganization have we got. The splitting
of hairs over thc fine points of tho Socialist philosophy seems still to hold
the minds of many of the best posted
of tho workors, but that will never win
freedom for tho workers. True it is
that without a knowlcdgo of their class
position, the workers might as well elect
capitalists as workers without knowing
just what is wrong with society, but
if the bringing about of a new order is
to wait until all thc workers aro thoroughly conscious of their class position,
and understand the economics of pros-
out-day society, then they will havo a
long timo to wait. Organization in
this provinco is needed as well as
knowledge. Thero are numbers of the
workers that arc conscious of their
position in society, yet they do not assist iu thc spreading of this knowledge
bucausc they have as yet not aligned
themselves with a working class political party. In so far as thc divisions
amongst the class conscious section of
tho working clnss aro concerned, wc
do not worry very much, for when the
timo for action comes thore will be no
dividing lino. Splitting hairs will then
bo dropped and tho busnesH of tho
working class will be attended to. Accurate knowledge of the working clnss
position is necessary and by tho spreading of that knowledge tho workers are
being brought to tho point where nothing can shift their purposo, but in thc
meantime, with tho world swiftly and
suroly moving on to tho new order,
political organization is necessary, and
those workers that uro conscious of
thoir position in society should get into
a working class political organization,
and by so doing assist in the spreading
of thc knowledge that will mako the
world freo, and bring to tho members
of tho working class a true freedom
and domocracy.
tlie political field in Great Britain
is causing much concern amongst
tho ruling class in the old Innd.    The
election of 11 Labor members to Parliament   without   a
HEED bnllot is   very   Big-
OF nifleant, as   is   the
ORGANIZATION election of 22 Sinn
Feiners by acclamation. Already with the elections over a
week away, the press is making ready
for tho defeat of the coalition government. What u lesson this should be
for tho workers of Canada. There is
no chance of an election either in the
provinco or in the Dominion for some
littlo timo, but should there be one arc
ready for it T   What kind of an or-
THE results of tho first efforts of
tho Minimum Wago Board are being received by organized Labor
with considerable dissatisfaction.   Thc
composition of  the committeo   which
was  to  mako  recom-
THAT inendations     as     to
MINIMUM        a     minimum     wage,
WAGE was,   to   sturt   with,
such as to make it impossible for tho workers to havo a fair
and adequate show. Employers and
employees from the same firm—-no mat-
tor how fair the firm may bc—sitting
on tho same board to adjudicate on
tho question of wages, could not possibly bo considered a fair proposition.
In addition to that, whether duo to
tho lack of organization amongst' tho
store clerks, wo aro not prepared to say,
thc caso of thc employees was not
very ably presented. With possibly
three exceptions thero did not seem to
bo any real knowlcdgo of thc subject
amongst thoso that represented the
clerks. The members of the committee
representing the employees wore unknown quantities, and so far as is
known have never displayed any very
great activity in thc work of the retail
clerks' organization, nnd thc employees' case, in so fur us thc commit-
mittee was concerned, could not under
ttiese conditions be taken caro of. Mrs.
Sutton, a member of tho committee
from tho employees from Victoria, refused to sign tho recommendation of
$12.75 ns a minimum, and from all appearances tho committee had actually
only one member on it thnt could, nnd
did, represent the employees. With
past experience to guide us, we are of
the opinion that thc minimum set will
bo prone to become thc maximum, and
will nlso huve the tendency to make
tho employers discriminate against employees over and abovo the age set for
an ndult workor, namely, 18. The government, if tho Minimum Wago Board
has not tho power, should seo to it that
nothing of this kind should go on. It
is a well-known fact that thoro uro
some storekeepers who make it a custom to keep on a large number of employees at a tender age because of the
fact that they oro cheaper. The tendency is to work tho clerks long hours,
uud tho maximum hours should be sot
at d8. At present there are quite a
number of stores that keep their employees on Wednesday afternoons aftor
tho stores are closed, tho employees evidontly thinking that the closing of tho
stores is nil that is necessary to comply
with thc law, wheroaa in fact all employees aro supposed to be off the
premises within 30 minutes after the
store is closed.
Mr. 'Moses Cotsworth laid himself
and his actions open to suspicion ut tho
conference, when he tried to introduce
the question of prices, and suggested
that tho investigation should bo made
into prices prior to wages bring fixed,
taking thc stund thnt prices were much
higher than were warranted. The price
of commodities did not cuter into
tho question, only in so far as they
were advanced to prove the necessity
of un increased wage for the clerks.
If tho wuges of the workers were not
to advance until such timo as tho prices
of commodities were reduced or fixed by
any individual or group of individuals
the workers would wait a long time
for any relief. Trices are fixed by an
economic law and cannot to any appreciable extent be reduced or increased by individuals. The law of supply
and demand, in conjunction with the
other laws entering into thc economic
aspects of the production of commodities, is greater than tho will or desiro
of any section of thc community. Mr.
Cotsworth should study n littlo of the
economics of present socioty before he
nttempts to give his views on questions that ho evidently docs not understand. In the mean timo thc Retail
Clerks should devoto thoir attention to
organization work, and throw in their
lot with the industrial worker, and by
so doing bring that day nearer when
wages will be a thing of tho pnst. A
wngo worker is n slave, and so ho will
remain  until the system is abolished.
asked of them, and the 2,500,000 rank
and file.
I was sitting in tho audience tho
day Gompors talked to the Chamber
of Commerce. He pledged thc loyalty
of the Labor movement, and was vociferously applauded.    After ho concluded the members chatted about the
speech,   and   the   statement   quoted
above I heard several limes.
Wo aro of tho opinion that editor
mentioned—how he comes to bo designated as a Labor editor we do not know
—should bo dealt with severely for this
gratuitous insult  to the President of
tho United Statos.    Whilo recognizing
the head of tho republic to tho south of
us is tho representative of the ruling
class of that country, wo do not think
that ho is as great a poltroon as is Gompors.   Any man that would undertake
to pledge the American Labor movemont in its ontirety, to anything or any
lino of policy, is a bumptuous fool, and
should bo taken care of by the authorities.    Next to Samuel for foolishness,
comes thoso that bolieve ho is as big as
he would liko tho world to beliovo ho is,
thc only peoplo that he has been unable
to impress with his greatness, is  tho
Labor mon in tho old land, who recoived him with reserve, and a good deal
of tolerance, because he happens to bc
the head of the A. F. of L.   There is
no  doubt  the Chamber of Commerce
thinks "Sam" is a big man.   Ho plays
tho gamo of that class, und jumps when
the strings aro pulled.
Tho World, In one of last week's issues, headlines proclaimed that tho American government notified shipyards
that thc industry would cease. Tho
causo being giv^n that there wcro too
many strikes. Thc dispatch which followed did not in any way disclose that
thc U. S. governmont had taken this
step because of strikes, but would
rather indicate that there was no need
for any extraordinary increase in tonnage. Of course this is nothing new,
no ono with any intelligence expects
to obtain any accurate information
from tho capitalist press in these days.
But a peculiar situation arises in Vancouver. Two of tho largest shipynrds
huve laid a large number of men off
recently, nnd as thero have
been no strikes to amount to anything
for some littlo timo in the shipbuilding
industry, there can bc no reuson for
laying off building ships on that score
in this part of tho country, but if tho
men aro to be laid off then there must
bc a lotting up in tho building of ships,
nnd so there must bc another reason.
If tho dispatches were read carefully
it would havo beon noted that tho private concerns, would not carry on snip-
building, as there was no scope for
them with the government programme,
even though that programme was curtailed. That boing the case, thc real
reason for the shutting down of the
shipbuilding industry is because thero
is no noed for n greater production of
ships. In view of thc recent promises
mnde by thc Victory Loan campaigners that the subscribing to thc loan
would mean more shipbuilding, tho laying off of men iu tho local ynrds is
causing the workers to wonder if they
havo been stung. It would appear from
tho World's attitudo that preparations
nre being mado to curtail the shipbuilding programme and thc blame is to bo
laid as usual on Labor's already overburdened back. Caaioufluge is thc order of the day.
Trades and Labor
Council in Busy Session
(Continued From Pago 1.)
W. C. Roberts, Labor editor of the
Chicago Herald and Examiner, says:
"Woodrow Wilson and Samuel
Oompers are the two greatest men in
the United States." Those who attended the American Federation of
Labor convention in Buffalo Inst November could have heard this statement almost anywhere, I first heard
It at a meeting of the Chamber of
Commerce of that city. President
Wilson had a few days boforo addressed the Labor convention. Ho
tolorthe delegates what tho country
in  toning down  was necessary.    Tho
roport was adoptod.
Soldiers' Dependents
President Winch in reporting as to
his attendance at the meetings of the
committee appointed to denl with the
question of increased allowances for
soldiers' dependents, said that ho had
taken exception nt the remarks of some
of those present at those meetings, and
that on his attendance at the second
meeting thero was a decided attempt
to prevent labor from having anything
to do with the matter. Ho also stated
that the policy of the committee hud
been reversed, and that instead of only
tho dependents of the soldiers speaking at tho mass meeting on Sunday
next the members of parliament and
others wore to act. Del. Kavanagh
stated that thc reuson labor was not
wanted was becauso no one representing labor would apologize for tho government not giving tho allowances necessary.
Del. McVety said that the council
should bo cautions in criticizing the
delegates of other organizations, as
tho council had objected to criticism
from outside Del, Pritchard stnted
that thc men who woro supposed to
represent thu returned men did not do
so, but from information ho had, they
supported their own views.
Business Agent Midgley reported on
his activities during tho past week,
stating that the Coopers wero organizing, and that a Federation of Civic
Employees had been formed. Ho also
reported that officers of tho Ioca Oil
Workers were being discriminated
against, and being discharged. Ho reported us to his activities on behalf
of the minimum wngo for retail clerks,
and that he hail laken exception ut the
conference to Ihe remarks of Moses
Cotsworth, who wished to see prices reduced before the minimum wago was
set. Amendments to the Compensation
Act proposod by the Shipyard Laborers
woro referred to tho B. C. Federation
of Labor. A committee of five was appointed to deal with tho question of
industrial organization aud to curry on
an educational cumpnign, the committee appointed being Dels. Phelps,
Hardy, Showier, Youhill and Leo. Victor Midgley was appointed to represent the council at a meeting of protest against the censorship to be held
in Vietoria the 13th inBt. President
Winch was appointed to act on the reconstruction committee, und Miss
Gutteridgo wus appointed to net in
conjunction with the New Era League,
in requesting legislation for mothers'
pensions. A communication from the
Seattle central body dealing with tho
Moonoy case was laid over ponding
action of the organization in tho U. S.
Tho Civic Employees' Federation reported that they had supported tho insido employees iu their demands, and
also supported tho policemen in their
request for one day's rest in seven.
A request for tho payment of atrike
pay to the members of tho Steam Engineers who were on strike ns a result
of tho laundry workers' strike wus acceded to. Many organizations roported that they hud supported tho laundry workors by voting an assessment,
and that they luid supported the proposed Western Lubor Conference.
The couneil went into oxecutivo
session on tho laundry workers' striko'
at 10.45 p.m. j
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabric*
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Woll known everywhere aa containing tne best high land In the Lower
Fraier Valley. What can beat one of
theso as the foundation of a home,
something to work at la your spare
time or when wages become low and
work scarce. Why not take advantage
of the presont low values of real estate and get one of these blocks now.
The adjoining blocks were sold years
ago at boom prices, the ones we have
for sale aru just as good in every
way, but prices have been cut down
to bed-rock aad are now within reach
of everyone. In all cases tho land Is
very good, nearly all alder-bottom,
high nnd dry, no swamps, rocks or
floods. You can get nothing bettor
anywhere in tho provinco for chickens,
berries, roots, clover or orchard and
very Uttle as good. REAL HOMES.
Iu the caso of evory block we have
sold recently tho owners are living
on them and clearing them up, we
havo not ono dissatisfied buyer. Call
at our offico and soo photographs, now
houses and clearings, or write us for
prices. We know you will ho Interested as wo know this land personally.
814 render St. West.
Itl. Sey. 101
When you see our assortment of
Greeting Cards
and Xmas Gifts
your problems are
solved and shopping becomes a pleasure.
New Fiction
We carry the latest
Copyright Fiction and
Reprints by the best
We invite you to visit
our store.
The Vancouver
Stationers Ltd.
Stationery and Printers
Phone Sey. 5119
Bank of Toronto
Aaiets ....
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Aeooant may U
opened at Tne Bank of Toronto
In the names of two or more
persona. In these accounts either
party mar sign cheques or deposit
money. For tie different members of
a family or a Arm a Joint aeeonnt la
often a great convenience. Interest Is
paid ou balances,
Vancouver   Branch:
Corner Hastings and Gamble Streets
Branches at:
Victoria,  Merrttt,   Maw  Westminster
Wo have a number of YOUNG PIGS
for sale, 0 to 10 weeks old, Poland China
grades, quick maturing. Deep Creak Farm
Langley Fort.
This   Chrifitmua   thero  will  be  no   qualms   In  giving  the  most
expensive gifts, if we so desiro.    In fact we will feel an added
impulse to do this, to offset the years of "going easy."
BIRKS' DIAMONDS—tho gift that will bring the truest Christmas joy, and be prised and cherished always.
diamond and combination gem
rings, also bar broochos and
oro. E. thobet. Hu. Mr. OranviUe and Georgia Sts.
—Just as low iih thby can bo mado and guarantco you tho uso of
tho best materials and that oxport workmanship which is
necessary to iih.hure you of work that will be satisfactory and
Let mo examine your toeth and give you my estimate on tho
cost of noccssary work.
X-B%7 dims taken tf necessary; ten-year guarantees
Examinations   made   on
phona appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
002 Hastinfs Streot West, Cor. S.'ymour
Offlce open Tuesday and Friday Evenings until 8 o'clock
'The House Behind the Ooods"
Liconso No. (i—542
License No. 3—463
**.        *
Don't stow away your spare cash li
any old corner where it is in danger
from burglars or lire.
The Merchants Bank of Canada offers yon perfect safety for yonr
money, and will give you full banking
service, whether your account Is large
or small.
Interest  allowed   on savinga   dope-
0. V. 8TAOET, Manager
OraivUla and Fender
W. 0. jor Manager
Hastings and Carrall
Tho Beautiful Comedy-drama
Featuring 0. B. Howard
Prices 15c, 35c and 80c
Notary Public
439 Richards Street
Putronize B. C. Foderationist advor*
t'iNcrs and toll them why you do so.
*% Next  Week '
Other Big Features
Victoria Notes
Victoria thoso days is full of theorists on the groat problom of reconstruction. Everybody is talking of something for tho returned soldiers in the
futuro. In thc meantime, thc officers of
tho. Labor organizations aro busy getting the returned men into work. Thc
carpenters have issued 25 slips for work
to returned mon in thc last month, and
those men have been placed in work at
tho full mtu of wages, and no possible
chance is being left to the employors
to exploit the relumed men. Tho very
fact that he secures his work through
the Labor Hall is a protection to the
returned soldier, and organized labor in
the Capital City stands behind tho soldiors tn their efforts to secure a living.
J. N. Harvey's       1918
Gives you a splondid opportunity to savo monoy on your Winter outfit.
Soo tho Suits ond Overcoats we aro soiling at
$12.85,  $17.85  and  $23.85
Watch ovoning papors for price lists.   Bo sure and visit tho storei
Friday or Saturday.
Headquarters ln B, 0. for..
10  DUtrtnt   Grades to  Select
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alio 614-616 Yatei St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for tbe Bi; Bed Airow Sign—i	 FRIDAY—
...December 6, 1918
The American Clothes Shop
Terrific Sale of Men's Wear
Dick's Ltd. Sold to
Brandon Merchant
T. B. Andrews Secures Premises at
63 Hastings Street West
T. B. Andrews, for ovor 20 years a
prominent clothing merchant in
Brandon, Manitoba, has purchased
tho business known as Dick's Ltd.,
53 Hastings Streot West, from Wm.
Dick, Jr. Tho salo and transfor, involving somo $80,000, was completed
yesterday, and Mr. Andrews and his
associates ore in possession today
taking stock.
Tho business will continuo without interruption undor tho porsonol
namo of tho purchasor.
Almost 75 per cent, of this $80,000 stock
carries the "Dick Limited" Label. According to agreement, it must be cleared
within thirty days. This store has never
before conducted a sale, but this sacrifice
of such well-known high-grade lines is causing a greater sensation than even we anticipated. Many men—conservative men who
know values—are replenishing their wardrobes and saving dollars.
Men's Suits, Values to
Clearing Price
In this offering you will flnd a
wido range of models:
1—Tho narrow shoulder   modol,
slightly form-fitting, for tho man
who desires   something   smarter
than tho staple sack style.
8—Tho   two-button   form-fitting
stylo with tho soft rolled lapel,
narrow shoulders and sleeves.
3—A smart, three-button modol
with soft rolled   lapels   to   thu
second button.
4—Tho always popular staple
throe-button sack for thc quiot
This offering includes groys,
browns and blues in plain colors.
Also a wido range of attractive
patterns. Materials aro all-wool
Stetson Hats
All the now styles and colors.
Cloaring 4h/J rtfi
priOO       m9Xjmt_-0
Raincoats, Values to
Clearing Price
Tho serviceable Raincoat that
will do satisfactory duty at all
times is much in demand in Vancouver. This storo has never
shown such a complete range of
styles and certainly never such
values as wo are offering now.
Theso coats carry tho DICE
LABEL and must go. In many
instances tho price we offer them
at is less than today's factory
There are hoary rubberized
Twoods of tho bettor grades,
Paramatta coats and the genuine English imported coats
which, with their generous enveloping folds are tho ideal coats
for Vancouvor.   All sizes.
Arrow Shirts
In this offering you will find
most of the dosirablo new patterns. All length sleeves with
soft cuff. All sizes. d»| Af"
Clearing price   $1-»*t3
Overcoats, Valued to
Clearing Price
Almost every man will find a
coat to his liking in the wide
rango offered at this remarkably
low prico.
1—Tho ideal light weight top
Coat with semi-box back.
2—Tho roomy model hanging
straight from the shoulders with
patch, slash or straight pockets}
3—The full bolted stylo with
pinchback and slash pockets.
4—The swagger Trencher Style,
full belted; high-waisted, form-
fitting back and military pockets.
Also all the desirable conservative stylos in plain colors, fancy
mixtures and neat patterns. Best
quality all-wool overcoating materials.
Fino Black Cashmore d» | Off
Hobo, 3 pairs for.... <P1«*hO
In tho bettor quality silks, new
patterns. Values to t_yt\_o_
$1.50.   Cut price ..._    /UC
In Combinations or two pieces.   All values to $4.00.   Clearing price $2.85
Values to $6.00. J Clearing price $4.85
Values to $7.50.   Clearing price 85.85
Successor to Dicks Ltd. New Store
Organizer McOuern Does Oood Work
Amongst Bakers and Confectioners ln Oapital Oity
At a mooting held Nov. 30, by the
nowly-organiscd Bakery & Confectionary Workers Union, No. 243, of Victoria, whieh is a sister local of Vancouver, tho members showed great enthusiasm,
Thoy are now about 85 per cont., and
it is expected thoy will bc 100 per cont.
within tho next two or throe weeks, as
thero wore about 18 members present
out of a postriblc 23 or 24 and it is
oxpected thoy will hnve no troublo in
signing up the shops.
Bro. Wm. McQuorn of Seattle, who is
district organizer of tho Bakery and
Confectionery WorkerH of tho Northwest, and who helped to organize Vancouver and Victoria, was prosent nt
the meeting and holped them install
their officers.
Tho following officers were elected
and will bo obligated at their next
meoting, December 14: President, W.
Oraham, vice-president, George Marsh;
secretary-treasurer, Chas. Gray; recording secrotary, David Clark; sergeant-
at-arms, Georgo Vernier; trustees, Ernest Cutts, Colin Munro and James
Slbble's Funeral Expenses
When Harry Sibblo died recently ho
left but very littlo of this world's
goodB, and the fow friends that earriod
out tho funeral arrangements havo paid
tho billB, or will do so in tho near
future. There aro many that knew
Harry, and anyone caring to contribute
to the expenses entailed may send any
donations to tho Fedorationist. Receipts will bo acknowledged through
this medium.
United Warehousemen's Association
At the regular mooting last Friday,
it was agreed to chango the meetings
of tho association from overy Friday,
to tho 1st and 3rd Fridays in each
month, beginning on the 6th December.
All members aro requested to noto the
chango. Six new mombors wore initiated at last meeting, and Businoss Agent
Robertson expects to line up the employees of two largo warehouses in the
courso of a few days.
Retiring from Business
We are selling out this $40,000 stock at high speed. Everything has to be
cleared and PRICES ARE CUT to make it move fast. At the present rate of
selling we will have the shelves clean by DECEMBER 24th, as per contract.
Builders' Hardware
Rubberoid Roofing
Nails, Paint
Locks and Binges
Sash Cords and Pulleys
Drawer Pulls and Plates
Sash Fasts and Lifts
Everything in this line
Stanley Tools
Simonds Hand Saws
Underbill Hatchets
Ship Augers and Mauls
Caulking Irons and Axes
Socket and Tanged Chisels
Steel Squares, Plumb Bobs
Braces and Bits
Tennis Ooods
Hockey and Roller Skates
Gymnasium Shoes
Fishing Tackle
Playing Cards
Baseball Ooods
Duxbak Hunting Olothing
Visit the OPSTAIRS and MAIN FLOORS and bo convinced that wc mean to get this STOOK
CLOSED OUT WITHOUT DELAY.  Space will not permit enumerating all the lines here.
Special prices made where you take any complete line as wc MUST OLOSE OUT as fast as
On acoount of not having room beforc, we are putting all CUTLERY and SILVERWARE
on salt TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10th.
No Exchanges or Refunds
No Reserve
J. A. FLETT, Limited
Another Successful Meeting
Addressed by Woodsworth
at the Broadway
Pettipiece Speaks on "Economic Changes" at Vancouver Centre Meeting
Trades and Labor Council
December 9, 1893
In spito of tho very worst of climatic
conditions on Sunday last*, tho attendance at both Federated Labor
Party meetings was but little affected.
Mr. Woodsworth had for his subjoct at
the Broadway, "Parasites and Producers,1' and hold tho attention of
what was proven to bo an almost entirely new audience. As theso mootings havo beon advertised as a scries
to run ono month, with Mr, Woods-
worth as speaker, there havo been
numerous enquiries as to whether it is
tho intention of th party to continuo
tho meetings. The measure of success
is sufficient to warrant their continuance. Mr. Ernest Burns wus chairman
on Sunday last.
At tho Box, Mr. Pettipieco had as
his subject, "Speeding Up—Economic
Changes." Mrs. Lorimer, who occupied the chair, Btated that thoro was
an impression abroad that many of the
newly enfranchised womon were more
liable to bo misled by election and
party cries than thoso who had hold
the franchise for a longor time, but
she ventured to claim that a very largo
and increasing number of women woro
doing their own thinking in spite of
tho many little schemes which wero
in the making in various quarters to
lead them to the political advantago of
someone elso.
p They had been invited to do somo
thanksgiving. As she understood it,
the men had gone overseas to flght for
and establish democracy. If that wero
the case then so far as Canada was
concorned thero was yet no victory, for
they had not domocracy yet. The men
who were coming back would have to
begin again to flght for it hore at home.
Reconstruction had become a hackneyed torm and the people who wore making the most noise about it were only
seeking to reconstruct thoir personal
interests us traders and profiteers.
What tho workors wero determined
upon was a change of economic and social conditions.
Mr. Pottipicce stated that whatever
doubt anyone had as to what the immediate future held in store thero was
proof in the big audience on such a
night that thoro was a goodly portion
of tho workors intensely interested in
tho business of attending to their own
Economic changes wocr being scheduled so quick theso days that thoy wcro
difficult to keep track of and ono almost had to lay awake at night to keep
up with the procession. Enough information could bo casually gathered to
enable ono to see that somo form of
social revolution wns about due, und
whet hor it had to. ho peaceful and or-
dorly, or otherwise, depended largely
on tho elements who might bo oxpected to bo opposed to the chango. Thore
must bo unity of organization among
tho workers. The stupidity of the ruling eluss whon facing matters of this
sort was on record, but probably no
whero on enrth had there beon found
so stupid an aggregation as could oven
now be found in Canada. Thoy suroly
could be termed tho most stupid in
Tho croakers of years ago used to bo
forever telling us that Socialism would
destroy the home, and some of the
superficial and parrot-like critics of today were repeating it, but for the last
four years who had been destroying tho
homes of the million? Twenty-eight
million dead in tbo last four years was
a terrible indictment of n system and
those who would uphold it had difficulties ahead of them.
Returning citizens who had been soldiors would have somo choico to mako
and thoy at lenst might bo expected to
bo able to judge and dotermino whose
country it was that thoy had fought
for. Ho believed they could only Hne
up with tho class to which thoy belonged and make a common causo of it,
An armistice now reigned, but only
when tho bombs ceased to bo thrown
did the real fight for democracy begin,
The spcakor staled that ho had no pnr-
tieular desire to aritieizo the attitudo
of thc church just for the sako of
criticism, but he might be allowed to
point out tlmt they who were loading
that section of tho community wore
cute enough to bco that a change whs
due and even now there wus abundant
evidence that they wished to reflect as
they had all along done tho prevailing
or dominant opinion of their time.
Thus they wen- jotting ready to become a pnrt of tho new movoment.
If there was ono tiring which was
moro outstanding thun any other it
was the fnut (although not a new one)
thut the capitalist class failed utterly
to get the working class viewpoint—
they could not begin to understand tho
workers' position. Things which were
commonplace and scarcely worthy of
argument to the workers were incomprehensible to the capitalistic mind.
Among the nations probably the most
backwardly was Canada. To look out
to what other nations were doing nnd
then turn the eye inward would lte
enough to prove this. The big, nll-
pervading, outstanding idea today was
thnt basic mothoda of production must
be changed from thnt of profit lo production for use. In spite of whut had
been done in Britain it wns curious to
note that Lloyd George had ouly recently stated just as soon as possible
interference with business must be
withdrawn. The speaker vonturod to
prophesy tbat neither Lloyd Oeorge or
any other person in the British Isles
would succeed in doing tiny such thing,
and the little protllior might discover
tbat if no other aggregation said
"Nol" fo the attempt, that tho Welsh
minors would put them on the right
If thu old capitalistic system had
fallen down under the strain of war
and central control bad been necessary
and found good in times of national
danger, bow mueh more necessary was
it that they should continuo on tbo
new lines in times of pence instead of
taking u refrograde ste]). ttoferring
again to the government of Canada, tbe
speaker gave it as bis opinion that all
the "capitalistic scallywags    of    the
Committeo appointed at Victoria to
ro-organize Provincial Trades and Labor Congross. W. Towler and Qeorge
Pollay to represont Vancouvor.
Proposed that Tradea and Labor
Council hold social and supper.
An advisory committee appointed re
coming municipal elections.
Active Member of Carpenters Union
in Capital City Victim of
The membors of tho A.S.U.B. Carpenters, Victoria, regret to announce tho
death of Bro. Tom Bruco, who was
an active member and a member of tho
executive. Only a fow months ago his
daughter died, and last week his son
died from an attack of tho Spanish influenza. Tho lato brother iB to be
buried from Sands' funeral parlors at
3.30 p.m. Saturday. Bro. Druco Is tho
flrst member of the Carponters' local to
Buccumb to influenza. A large number
of tho membors have boon laid up with
it, but are oither fully recovered or
woll on the way to health.
Miners Affiliate
Tho Nanaimo Local of tho United
Mino Workers havo decided to affiliate
with tho B. C. Fedoration of Labor.
This organization is growing strong,
and it ia to be hoped that tho Coal
City will yet bo heard from in the
ranks of tho orgnnized Labor movement.
( Fickert Assaults Editor
San Francisco — District Attorney
Fickort, who secured tho conviction of
Thomas J. Moonoy, again forgot his
oath to uphold law and order by assaulting Fremont Older, editor of tho San
Francisco Call. Polico authorities havo
assigned detectives to guard the nows-
paper man, who hns beon waging an unrelenting flght against the forcos that
demand Mooney's execution on testimony now declared to be falBO.
Negro Porters Unite
New Orloans—A union of negro Pullman porters has been organized in this
city, with 92 members.   It is chartered
by the A. F. of L.
We can and do—Bell
for men at a price . as low te
$30. Wo also soU Ford Suits at
doublo that price and over. In
each and all, style, quality and
it are built right in by skilled
artist workmen working on fine
materials, but we claim that at
we taako a suit that, for straight
valuo, style and service, cannot
bo touched by any tailoring
houso in Vancouvor under $45.
We'vo laid ourselves out to make
thiB a leader—and we'vo dono it
845 »P
St. West
universe" had found a welcome roosting placo in the Dominion and that
Canadian ruling methods woro a complete travesty on all that makes for
the conservation of the people's interests.
It appeared eortain that Labor in
Britain would insist on retaining such
control as had been exercised and
would seek to eliminate profit-making
from tho controlled industries. Twenty
yoars of trades unionism had shown
him tho futility of trying by thoso
mothods to materially and permanently
improve the lot of the workor. Thoy
must seo further than mere questions
of hours and labor and get in lino
through organization to secure such
economic changes as alono wero of real
consequence and lasting good.
Ono direct rosult of the war was that
it was possiblo today to get a much
larger audience for the discussion   of
economic questions—even tbo bourgeois
mind wns bestirring itself.   Strong organization, however, would  be necessary beforo renl    progress   eould    bo
mado.   In McBrido's timo it used to
bo snid  that the  threo workers  thon
in the House occupied half of the timo.
On that showing perhaps if tbey could j
elect six even at the next' provincinl
election they might be ablo to take the
whole of tho time of the House and
secure tho attention that was still Inck-
In powor tho workers would do-
mand that tho fishing industries should
be a governmont proposition—tbat tho
cannery interests would no longer dominate and control British Columbia's
natural advantages. Tho coal mines
were in tho same category; so also wns
the timber and allied industries. They
had been slipped away by legal enactment and by legal enactment thoy
could bo restored to the peoplo for thc
satisfaction of human needs. Properly
handled and directed thero was enough
room and wealth in British Columbia to
support thc entire population of Canada as it stood at present.
Somo good persons were afraid of tho
destruction of "individuality," but
theso samo people took thoir water
from a community-owned system without considering their individuality in
tho matter. Thn fact that so many
others took their water in tho Bame
way did not spoil it. The only concern
was that all needs should bo supplied—
that there should bo enough of it to go
round. By applying this principle in
its wider aspects, why should they not
Boys', Youths' and Little Oents
Shoes, trim and attractive as
those for tho "grown-ups," but
built of such sturdy leathers that
they'll stand a wonderful amount
of wear and tear. Best winter
calf stock: heavy durable oak-
tanned soles, hollows tongues;
splendid shocmaking throughout.
Three ranges of size: Boys', 96;
Youths', $4; Little Gents', $3.85.
Obit' Show
In a suporior grade of box calf
with bost sewn soles; pleasing
lasts. Shoos whoso reputation
for quality and wear ara richly-
merited.   Sites 11 to 8 at $4.00
Same Shoe, sizes 8 to 10*t4....l3.8S
There's genuine economy in outfitting tho girls and misses hero.
Union Made "Goodwin's Oood Shoes"
We are the only Union Store in town that refused to take
towels from Towel Service while laundry strike is on.
hnvo municipal milk supply, municipal
laundry, or indeed tho common ownership of every other undertaking. Tho
form of ownorship was at present fundamentally wrong and production for
uso und not for proflt was essentially
the question of thc hour.
Tlio Molders are still on striko, nnd
no settlement appears to be in sight.
Tho executive is nieeting every morning in the Labor Temple. The Metal
Trados Couneil has endorsed tho strike
Coughlans bave taken work away from
ono of the shops that has been paying
the scale, and this action bas thrown
more men out on strike.
A citizens' mass meeting is to be
held in tho Orpheum Theatre nt 3
o'clock Sunday afternoon, when tho
question of soldiers dependents' allowances and pensions will be discussed.
Mayor Oale will occupy thc chair, Tho
three Federal members, S. J. Crowo, U.
II. Stevens and Ueut.Col. Cooper are
oxpected to be on hand to address tho
mooting. Mrs. Borland, Mrs. Ralph
Smith and Jimmy Robertson nre also
expected to bc present.
All delegates to tbe Trados and
Labor Council from the 49 different organisations nre requested to be in good
timo and take seats on tho platform.
The Comrades of the Great War
Band will bo in attendance and mil
render selections throughout.
aaaaaa_____4n-__t__*A*H______MUU_iJl 11 III 111 ]'_> |»J HIIFM" IT"" f " 'fl \MJMj_J)Ut_——_\_m
A HALF CENTURY AGO more Umn hnlf of all
tho deaths in our citios wore babies under five
yours of age.
YOUR BABY is bettor protected now. Tim protection is caused by safeguarding tho principal
food  of  children—MII.K.
I WISH you could visit with mo tho aoureo of tho VALLEY DAIRY Mil
childron—J. M. Sleeves' farm—tho homo of thnt famous hord of ptizr-w
outdo.   You would flnd tho burns ns cloun as your own kitchen, full of thi
oufod timothy, with tho many windows radiating germ-killing light, and nn i
makos you fool your children nro well protected.
TUB THOROUGHBRED COWS are thoroughly combed and brushed; their udders nre c
fully washed by attendants before milking.   The milk from ouch cow, immediately n
nn king, is tnkon to n bright, dean dairy and is carefully tested to ensure uniform purify,
richness nnd wholesome goodness.
Canada Food Board License 9*12240 PAGE SIX
..-Deeamker t, UU
Wilson's Specials
Wilsons'  Brown Special
No. 1
One modol iti dark mahogany
colored calf, having medium ro-
cede too, winter woight sole, and
of Balmoral atralght laco .jtyle.
The hool is lolld, flat for walk-
^- $7.50
Priced    y
Wilsons' Brown Special
No. 2
Also naving winter weight wle;
in dark mahogany colored calf;
•■any awing laat, bat of blacber
etyla. OthorwlBe tbe same aa
aboTe model. S7.50
Priced    ——
Wilsons'  Brown Special
No. 3
A handsome ihoe In African brown
calf. Of Balmoral straight lacs,
tnedlom reeode toe, witb brown
fibre nolo and rubber $7.50
beel. Priced  - **-••***-*
Wilsons'  Brown Special
No. 4
In rod eherry, df, recede toe,
Hftlmor.l Straight llM effect, with
while tlhre sole .nd rnhh"
heel. S7.50
Priced  - —   T
17.60 to M2.W    Exclusive Men's Store
17.60 te $18.60
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Onnble Btreet
/ Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We Deserro Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
These "STEELITE" Boots
Made throughout of the best of leather—uppers box calf
and oil grain that will withstand thc roughest of wear—the
soles are the best hemlock tanned leather. Some are double
right through with steel plugs to withstand thc wcitr.
FOB BOYS-Sizcs 1 to 5% i - W.45
FOR YOUTHS—Sizes 11 to 13 *2.95
FOB MISSES—Laced nnd button.     Sizes 11 to 2 S3.60
FOE GIRLS—Laced and button.   Sizos 8 to 10% S8.16
Leckie's Boj-b' Rod Stitohed Boots.   Sizes 1 to 6 $4.80
Leckie's Youths, Bed Stitched Boots $3.96
boot shop ms*
Printer! to The PedmUoolit
n*   Ffldentionlat   ii   prod-)-*-*.!   ttnvi
man   awlern   newipipur   printing   pUrn
OppoilU Ltbor Timiti
-Hfidqaortnri  for Ltbor  M*n ■--
•—76o and 91.00 par d»jr,
#4.00 pnr week ftnd op.
Okft »» Bvuonablt E*t«i
"And   You   Really   Bake   Bread
BEFORE YOU '0 K* the WHEAT?"      ....
fT*HE expression of a lady visitor in our laboratory the other
* day. when sho saw our-chemist taking severnl loaves of
bread from his test-oven, nnd tolling hor that only tho wheat
producing the biggeBt "sprung" loaf would be accepted for
milling into—
Not only size, but color nnd texture also enter
into his analysis of the results produced from
different wheat.   He grinds, "gluten tents"*
and bakes samplos of all wheat before acceptance at our mill.   In this wuy tho uniformity and superiority of ROYAL STANDARD
FLOUR   is   maintained.   Of   courae,   it   is
different—our laboratory makes it so.
We extend a personal invitation to
you to call at our   laboratory,   or
write   us   regarding   yonr   baking
Branches:     Victoria,  Nanalmo.  Nov
Weitrainitor. Mission Olty
Capitalism Is Rapidly Approaching Its Own
Thoro is a growing tendency in all
tho manifestations of our social economic and political forces towards a now
regeneration for humanity's good. It
would bo moro correct to say that the
world today is in a process of sudden
and quick mutations, whilo tho panorama of old and outlived systems is hurriedly receding before tho onrushing
uvulnnchcs of tho enming ora. Thero -is
a newer, invigorating modernity encircling the wholo galaxy of our social lifo.
What has hitherto been admitted into
thc piety of democratic thought is today reviewed with a subtle suspicion
and doubt. No ono con stand by, im-
perturablo and apathetic, boforo tho
spirit; no onc can evndo its ponotrating
sharpness, its over-inorcasing widespread significance. It attaches itsolf
-to tho play of our individual and collective endeavors; and we aro saturated
by the hopes that it will givo new im-
potUB and grenter rango t-o tho coming
era that will mako history.
Art Wants to Be Free
Thoro is no bettor method calculating
social and moral accomplishments of a
particular period than by oxamining
closely the literary and artistic monuments which still remain to commemorate tho life of tho timo. Whilo, of
courso, we—the living—cannot thus appraise the creative geniuses of our own
ago or mark them with tho stiftnp of
immortality, we oan still to an extent
estimato comparatively the general
value and import of their achievements.
We can observe in this chaos of tottering barriers a striving of contempar-
ary art towards emancipation. Art
wants to be freo to utter and speak
what it feels; art is painfully emerging
from its confines of tradition and harmful dogma into a new light of self-consciousness and self-analysis. It cannot
afford to lapBo again into its former ro-
posoful complaconcy and cater only to
existing immutable standards; it cannot Bhut its eves to tho racking clamor
for a now oordor of existence.
Art is gradually assuming its responsibility willingly; it is evon now treading the paths of Whitman aud MaBters.
Thore is no-saying how far it will go,
but it is already launched on a new
ordor, and while every innovation
should bo subjected to the closest scrutiny, thoro is sufficient ovidenco to
mako us beliovo that the new art hns
grasped the proper and real spirit.
Somo persist in calling it tho spirit of
realism; yot in view of tho fact that
realists have been existing moro or less
in all ages ,nnd to distinguish between
the realism of today and that of the
past, I would botter call it thc ruthless
nnd untiring spirit of consciousness.
After all, it is a matter of deciding
upon what is tho real thing, tho real
current of present-day life—and tho
real thing is undoubtedly the slowly
awakening self-consciousness to the reactions of our environment.
The Spirit of the Times
And so this spirit, this forco iB likewise permeating our wholo social, economic and political life. In politics especially it is reaching a gravo apogee.
Tho war has uot only hastened, but has
actually brought the matter to a head.
Wo must faco the crisis now; wo must
offer a salutary solution. A breakdown
of political institutions is prophesied,
and there is danger ahoad unless we
movo calmly and discreetly in the advent of the inevitable, Russia is the
excellent example of an aroused peoplo.
Russia is facing her problem now, and
how tactfully she will manoeuvre
events in tho midst of all tho strife is
still to bc seen.
The mainspring of discontent with th
preaent ordor is easy to trace. It ia bo-
inging engendered by tho masses, thc
proletariat—tho real people of all nations—and that is what is so oncoruag-
ing. Tho sclf-conBciousncss of our art
is only a miniature of the trcu state of
the throbbing, suffering masses. It is
truo, it iB real—at last tho peoplo are
awakening, slowly, patiently, eagerly.
Ono man is asking his neighbor: Of
whnt good is this struggle to humanity!
Why should the iron heel of imperialism
crush mo out of existence. . . I,
the producer of the world's goodat If
I, the people, bear tho wholo brunt of
war, shall I not declare the terms of
peace f And bo we have the awakening
Bpirit and interest of the proletariat in
what is only their own welfare. There
is gradually uncovered n growing sentiment of solidarity nmong tho workers;
they, too, want to bc heard and understood. The British Labor Party is
spreading its voice across the land and
sea, while Germany and Austria are
reeling from the shock.
Throwing Off the Old Ideas
Tho worker, the producer, wants to
make himself felt in political agitation,
lie will no longer endure the inertia of
u "delegated" democracy. Thc war is
hitting him out of his prolonged stngim
tion. ne is recovering his lost senses;
he is curious; wants to know what is
going on, whnt the government is doing.
There is a whole lot of talk about German imperialism, kaiserism, autocracy,
democracy. And tho worker is learning
a wholo lot about, them. Ho is gradually being Informed that political potency iB also economic control, that it is
a ninstrument relevant to tho attain-
rftent of better living.
This iB by no moanB thc last war.
There is going to be a new colossal
struggle (let ub hope bloodless), a gigantic clash of party interests: "the
war after thc war.'' Schwab, tho millionaire, spoke tho truth when he said
that there is going to be a new era in
which the workingman's interests will
predominate Humanity, socioty, the
wholo universe, will have to como in
for house-cleanings; this decisive reconstruction will to an extent bc clad
in thc giirb of proletarian ideals. Tho
laboring inasses will no longer permit
themselves to bc gulled by the veneer
of bourgeoise ethics, and private capitnl is Bare to havo its special exploitative privileges curtailed. Evolution
moves onward with irritablo slowness,
yet the war has precipitated events
that were bound to come to the surface. Wc ennnot with clarity ascertain
tho exact stains of world affairs after
the titanic struggle, but wc do know
that tho old systems aro passing out.
Spelling Its Own Doom
In the exigencies of tho present, capitalist production is spoiling its own
doom. Thc government is today manipulating many of our greatest industries, nud there is nothing to warrant
thc return of these industries to private
hands nftor thc war.   Myriad workers
(Continued from page 3)
content which will inevitably overwhelm them. By attempting to stem
the tido, they are interfering with tho
foiocs of evolution, and when they do
that they gow the seeds for revolution,
for it is only when evolutionary processes are halted that revolution takes
the place of ^volution.
The system of production no longer
suffices to feed, clothe and shelter all
who aro living under it, henco the'
reason for the growing "class consciousness." It certainly is refreshing to learn that tho editorial writers
in the capitalist press aro beginning
to realize that thoro aro two classes
in soeioty, after so long denying tho
fact, and attempting to prove that
capital and labor were brothors. Tho
fact romains that socioty has to bo
reconstructed in auch a manner as to
eliminate this strugglo botwoen tho
classes, and tho only way this can bo
dono is by eliminating tho classes and
substituting co-operation for competition, or in othor words, abolish tho
private ownership of the machinery of
woalth production. So far, no constructive programme has boon formed in
Canada. It ia truo that tho powers
that be aro embarking upon reconstruction schemes that aro wonderfully constructed and woofully
inadequate, tbo latest reconstruction
schemo aims at tho reconstruction of
tho cabinet at Ottawa, and it is
thought that probably a new party
might bo formed, all of which is very
nice. The Union governmont is representative of a now(t) party that has
only beon in existence about 12 months,
and during that time, short though it
is, it has certainly mado a name' for
itself, and a rotten one at that, hence
tho necessity of providing a new
feathor for the old hat, and thus producing a new(f) hat.
The Daily Province sayB that "there
will bo general agreement with the proposal to permanently disfranchise all
draft evaders. Men who refuse to serve
their country have no claim to a voice
in its government." All of which ia
again very nice. Thero ia at present
no oxcuso for tho passago of a "War
Timo Elections Act," so an attempt
will possibly bo made to draw up an commonwealth.
net  in  Inlrn   \ia  nlnnn    -...I.:**..,   ,...:ll   „-*,,,:„*        Tho    sitlllltin
May Mean the Hastening of
a Real World-wide
The olection campaign in Britain la
in full swing, and tho class lines can
now bo clearly porcoived.
Every phychologtcal trick known to
man is boing used to got tho working
class to consont to retain tho chains of
slavory, and the class-conscious section
of tho workorB aro making tho greatest
effort in their history to get their brothers in travail to realize tho position,
and voto for froedom. Tho Labor Pnrty
protost against any interference with
tho now Democracies in Germany and
Austria ,and demands tho immediate
withdrawal of tho Allied armioa from
Russin. Tho internationalization of tho
toiling and suffering millions is becoming a fact. It will not ho hold back by
any claptrap of Lloyd Goorgo, becauso
the workers are tired of words. Thoy
havo had thoir eyes opened during tho
war as to what can bo accomplished by
social effort, and are determined on a
botter state of things for them and
It is not too muoh to say that upon
tho results of the present election in
Britain dopends the fate of tho world.
Should the workers win the whole of
Europe will immediately fall into tho
new sooial ordor. Should the capitalist
class retain power in Britain, they may
be enabled to hold back temporarily
the revolutionary forces. Woo betide
them if they do% It wero better for tho
capitalist that he should let go his hold
and gracefully accept tho inevitable,
but a ruling class never realizes when
Its timo has come. The hearts of tho
workors of this country aro with our
brothers in bondage in the struggle and
it is sincerely to bo hoped that Labor
will, after tho next general eloction,
control  the  destinies  of  tho  British
aet to take its placo, which will again
be UBcd to fool tho people and hand-
pick the electorate. Of course an act
of this naturo could bo readily adapted
to disfranchise a great many moro electors who arc not actually draft evaders, but wore known opponents of tho
old party politicians. There is not n
word said about disfranchising tho pro
iiteors, who not only refused to bleed
for their country, but bled tho country
for their own material ends. Why
not? Becnuse theso pooplo will not
only vote for, but will provido campaign funds for any shell game the
political tricksters seo fit to put up.
A suggestion is mado from another
quarter that all alien enemies, interned
or otherwise, should bo shipped back
to their respectivo countries, Probably
this may not bc such a bad form of
punishment as at first appears. However, bc that as it may, theso mon seem
to bo guilty of the heinous offenco of
demanding high wages and refusing to
subscribe to tho numerous charity
schemes, having for their obpect thc
caring for thc soldiers and their dependents, a function that should have
boon performed by tho govornment.
These men havo not been nlono in trying to mako tho country worth living
in and refusing to countenance attempts to mako thc soldier and his do-
pendents objects of charity. Of course
the actions of many of thoso men may
not havo been tho result of any lovo
they had for tho country of their
adoption, but at any rato thoy have
not made the country any worse, so why
single thom out! Why not got after tho
hordes of Asiatics who nro keeping
down the standard of living, or hotter
still, attack tho systom that makes it
necessary for tbo workers to compote
for jobs.
According to tho press, "tho need
for readjustment in industrial circles
in B. C. will bo hardly felt." This
thought was expressed by a prominent
manufacturer in the Vancouver World
recently. The samo authority states
that the readjustment that ia taking
place in tho East, necessitated by thc
closing down of munitions plants thore,
will not be necessary hero. The closing
of spruce enmps will not affect us hore,
as other camps which wcro shut down
will now be enabled to open up again,
so thero you arc. B. C. is a hivo of
industry (!) and moro men will bo induced to come into this province for
the purpose of begging jobs; at least
that is the situation as obtains in Vancouver at tho present time,* Tho B. C.
Loggers' Association is hoping that in
the disbursing of moneys for tho reconstruction of the Empiro that their
induatry receives its due proportion of
support. They nlso ask Sir Thomas
Whito to ubo his influence in having
orders placed immediately for lumber,
so that "loggiug can be carried over
a period of temporary depression." So
there you nint, and so the merry gnme
goes on.' The powers that be are powerless to reconstruct their pre-war system, but arc nevertheless making n determined attempt to reconstruct their
tumblcd-down house with rotten timber. They mny eventually succeed in
erecting n wondrous structure, which
will, in a very short timo again collapse, nnd the job will have to bo done
over again. The question confronting
the workers is a question of whether
they are going to allow the incompetent and ruling class to put up this
temporary structure, or whother they
themsolves aro going to tako a hand
in tho game and, stop by step, brick by
brick, build up a ByBtcm that will last.
It is to be hoped that tho members of
the working clasa will soon wake up,
solidify thoir forces and sot about
making the plans for this system. They
can for the timo tako tho reconstruction programme of tho British Labor
Party aB a basis upon which to work,
and if necessary improve  upon* that.
At any rato they must got busy.
Tho situation in Central Europe is
pregnant with dramatic possibilities.
Tho conservative elements are trying to
hold back the Bolsheviki or Spartacus
group, and at the aame time bargain
with tho Allies, What is loft of thc
Teutonic ruling class threaten to let
loose tho flood gates of anarchy unless
tho Allies modcrato thoir demands. Tho
proposals of tho capitalist henchmen indicato their chaotic stato of mind, inns-
much as thoy vary from feeding tho
onemy to policing the country in order
to keep down the Bolsheviki by force.
Thc Spartacus group have tho assistance, and tho advice of the best men
amongst the Russian Bolsheviki. Lonino
nud Trotsky, arc behind the moves of
Liebknecht, and tho crisis is at hand.
Tho object of tho Spartacus group is
to establish a proletarian dictatorship
boforo a national assembly can bo called, and if tho followers of Liebknecht
continuo to increase at tho present rate,
there is no doubt but that thoy will bc
nblo to accomplish their purpose. Every
day sees tho revolutionary element
grow in strength, nnd they will undoubtedly uso forco if thoy think thnt
by this mothod they can succeed. Tho
Scandinavian working class has aroused the courago of thc reds to auch a
point that they will do and dare anything. Tho old paraphernaliav of tho
Feudal autocracy is being swept away
just liko' tho scenery of a theatre, and
the form of tho now social order is taking shape so rapidly that tho Allied politicians aro bewildered and utterly incapable of sizing up the situation.
'Twaa on a cold' and stormy night,
Ere the Huns had ceased to fight;
Tho good Sophia southward bound,
Was sailing gaily up the Sound.
Sho heeded not tho surly blast,
Thnt howled and howled around her
She braved tho blizzard and tho atorm,
As though it had no force or form.
And  Captain  Locke,  her bravo commander,
Felt confident that he, could land her.
In thoso parts he was no stranger,
Ho little thought he was in danger.
But when she struck the sunken reef,
His heart was sore and full of grief.
To save hla passengers and crew,
Was to him now a duty now.
Hia heart was sore, but not Mb head,
So told them all to go to bed.
To perish in tho snow and cold,
Ib worso than drowning, wo are told,
He didn't lower boat or raft,
But atayed aboard his stanuchy craft,
Until tho storm would abate.
Taking chances on his fato.
For Captain Locko was bold and bravo
And did not fear a watery grave.   '
'Twas foolish of him to play with fate,
Until it was an hour too lato.
The night grew dark, and so tho gloom,
And all on board wont to their doom,
Yo powers above, you littlo heed,
Our cries in the hour of need,
You givo but littlo thought to man,
He is just a part of nnturc's plan,
If so, why aro you so unkind,
And to our griefs and pains so blind.
Laying millions in their gravo,
Aliko thc wise, the good and brave,
Some at morn, and somo at noon,
And some nt night, without a moon.
—D. J. Morrison.
December 3, 1018.
nre participating in nationalized enterprises, and on the wholo the government is not such a bad employer when
compared to thc privato capitalist, Our
electorate must in a way gratify the
demnnds of the nation, whilo capitalism, if given free rango, would seek
only its own selfish aggrandizement.
War profiteers arc being hunted down
with severity, nnd this process of exterminating private grood will continue.
The workers should commence now
to operate for tho coming ora. They
are lo a degree cognizant of the drift
in tho social tides, and this has been
corroborated by the results of tho last
elections. Bourgeoise inefficiency cannot go on building on ita crumbling
foundations, and tho new era cannot
put faith in rotten, worm-eaten systems.
The worker must nchicve his own sal-
Somebody is now proposing an
Honor Roll" for the "flu" nursoa,
about a score of whom lost their livos
during tho recent opidemic. The suggestion is understood to come from a
private citizen. Meanwhile, we are
treated to the aldermanic view of tho
situation. Tho prcBB reports that "The
aldermen wero pleasingly surprised that
Superintendent Ireland had been able
to hold tho expenses of 'flu' nurscB
down to $582.'' It now remains for tho
Dominion government to indulge in a
chuckle that they were ablo to hold
the "expenses for heroes" down to
$1.10 a day!
vatiou; he cannot depend on others to
do it for him. He must safeguard his
own interests, but ho must know what
his interests nre and where they lie.
His awakened self-consciousness must
bc nurtured on puro, wholesome truth,
und he must not allow himself to bc
dragged ngain into the miro of irrational dogma. Tho proletariat of all
conutrios must build themselveB a bulwark of strengthening wisdom and
knowlcdgo, must bear m their vision
the light of over-increasing now truths
down through the centuries—and then,
only thon, can they bo freod from the
shackles taht bind them.—Alvin Winston in the Australian Workor.
Our $22.50 Range
of Coats
They are honest Coats, made of sturdy wearing, good looking
materials. They are roomily built with clean shoulder lines
and lots of flare, so that they wrap around a man's legs for
extra comfort in street car or automobile travelling; and the
patterns—you would not expect a wider range if you were
paying thirty dollars. Two of thc coats are in nap cloths—
blue and grey; about a dozen othors are in tweeds in mixed
greys and browns, small broken checks and large plaids. The
above arc all full length coats with belt back which is removable. Another style of Coat in this offering is tho slip-on,
which is knee length or thereabouts. It has patch pockets and
a deep notched collar, skeleton lined — the Coat the smart
young dresser chooses every time. These Coats are in dark
grey and brown tweeds, a subdued plaid, and a small broken
brown and grey check. We will be glad to have you compare
tho values with any in town. Many stores have no better
Coats to offer at $30.   Our price $22.50
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits...
Total Assets   	
..$ 25,000,000
...$ 14,000,000
...$ 15,000,000
618 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British Wert
Also branches in London, England, New Tork Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vancouver: ,
Main Offlct—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Cornor Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville antf Davie Streets.
Comer Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street. 'A
Corner Eighth Avenue ami Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other point*
in British Columbia.
One dollar opens sn account, on whieh interes   is paid half-yearly at
current ratos.
MUipr Vancouyer Branch
O. W. FBAZEB, Vancourer,
Supervisor for B.O.
H "The Home of Good Shoes"
. 649 Hastings, vv.  near granvilue.
Hartt's Fit-Rite, Bell's,
McPherson's, Slater's
Strider Boots for Men
Regular Values to $14
ALMOST ovory man is personally acquainted with tho quality and
workmanship of at least one of the abovo mentioned Boots.    Only
the choicost products of the tannery enter into thoir construction,
and workmen skilled in Bootmaking-have given theso BootB that simple
elegance nnd luxurious comfort wliich have won for them thc npproY&l
of discriminating mon.
Includes all styles without reserve.   Shown ln black, brown or tu.
All sizes.
Hartt's Fit-Eito for young men hus tho long, keen recede toe,
square snanK and low flat heel whia-a is very popular, am •%■
In neat brown calfskin, Saturday only ip / «O0 TWOA.T...
...December 6, 1918
for Men
will be found in our enlarged Tie section. We
have one of the largest
stocks in Canada to
choose fr-m
Nine large Tie counters with a splendid variety of
the different prices. Regular, loose and four-in-
hands in every conceivable weave and color. Persian weaves, neat and large floral designs.
Real Irish Poplins, each.-	
Rich Spitafield Silks, each..
...50c, 75c, $1.00
One Big Union Is Making
Great Headway Down
At tho present time (October) a ballot of all members of Labor Party political leagues and tradee unions is being taken throughout AustraUa to declare the attitude of Australian Labor
on the wur. At the Interstate Conference of the Australian Labor Party
held at Perth, Western Australia, in
June last, it was decided to refer to
the organization membership the following resolution:—
Swiss and American Silks, each.........$2.00, $2.50, $3.50
Blaok superfine flat weave Cashmere Sox for Men; full fashioned, dependable quality.  All sizes.   Bought direct from the
English mill.   Priee, per pair   85^
The most eomfortable night wear made; tunic and pants made
in one-piece with loops to fasten round the ankle to prevent
sliding lp the leg; comes in fine quality colored, striped, .
"AmeriMn" flannelette.   All sizes.   Prices $4.00, $5.00
aad ?6.00
Canada Food Board licenses 5-1482, 8-H590,10-4435,11-163
L..    __*      .._ _   V__¥______\   ___      mwWT t tveomiiat, ■»»» tunwinnim \ ^-*r   )
Granville and Georgia Streets
A man ean't livo on Lovo alone,
A man can't livo on thought,
A man ean't livo on Liborty,
No odds how dearly bought,
All those are nothing to a man,
I don't oare what you say,
Unless he manages to get,
"Threo good squaro meals ad ay."
A man can ltso his pilo ontire,
And nover turm a hair,
But if the Ham and EggB aro cold,
There's brimstone in tho air.
A man can loso his hair and toeth,
And friends, and still bo gay,
If he is fixed so ho can get,
"Three good square meals a day."
A man earn wear a smiling faco,
Above a broken heart:
A maa ean grin and near the pain
When fondest hopes depart
Tbe only thing that downs a mas
And puts him out to stay,
Is separating bim for keeps from,
"Threo gvtd squaro meals a day."
Mexican Printers Strike
Sun Antonio, Tex.—Representatives
of Mexican trado unionists have notified tho Typographical Union that printers employed on daily newspapers in
Mexico City havo suspended work to
enforco wuge demands and the union ia
asked to aid in keeping striko-breakers
from the southern ropublic. Tho local
unionists promised tho Mexicans their
full support, and assured them that the
strike-breaker ilk is mighty scarce in
tho southwest.
Printers Raise Wages
Miami,    Okla.—Tho    Typographical
Union hns raised wages $7 a week.  The
I new scnle for newspapors and commercial shops is $25 a weok for day work,
1 and $27 for night work.
Attitude to Recruiting
"Further participation in recruiting
in Australia shall bo subject to the following conditions; (a) That a clear
and authoritative statoment be made
on behalf of the Allies, asserting their
readiness to enter into peace negotiations upon tho basis of no annexations
and no penal indemnities, (b) That
tho Australian requirements in man
power be ascertained and mot with re*
spect to (1) home defence, (2) industrial requirements. An immediately reply upon which the Australian Labor
Party Bhall bo adequately represented,
shall bo held, and its decisions be immediately given effect to."
Tho workers of Australia, who were
members of unions and the Labor Party
loagues are askod to declare thoir attitude on this question—the ballot
closing on November 1, 1018.
At tho time of writing tho ballot ia
in progress, but it cannot be ascertained just how the ballot is going—tho
progress result not being announced.
Tho various Labor   Party   executives
throughout Australia aro advising all
members to voto "Yes" to the ballot
At the last   conference   of   Labor
through Australia it was decided that
tho official color of   the   Australian
Labor Party emblems would bo rod,
also that the red flag be adopted by
Labor Party of the Australian Commonwealth.   This   decision   has   also
been endorsed by every State Labor
executivo in Australia.   But after the
decision became known, the anti-Labor
government issued a proclamation that
tho flying of tho rod flag would bo
prohibited during war-time—it   being
recognized as the flag of revolution and
of "Bolshevikism," as some   of   tho
anti-Labor   politicians   have   It    Although tho governmont has prohibited
tho flying of the red flag, the Labor
parties saw that this in no wiso interferes with their decision that red will
bc the official color of Labor in the
future.   Thoro iB, of course, the probability that the decision of tho anti-
Labor government will not bo altered
while it is in power.   Of  courso   if
Labor gains powor in the legislative
halls at tho noxt eloction it is pretty
safe to say that this spiteful regulation will be arinuled and that Labor
will be allowed to fly its official color.
Tho various Stato Labor conferences
throughout Australia have at the date
of writing adopted tho One Big Union
scheme, initiated by the Now South
Wales Trados and Labor Council—tho
date of launching tho scheme boing sot
for Octobor 14 last. As was to be
anticipated thero is considerable bitterness displayed in tho capitalist press
at tho decision of thc workers of Austrnlin to band themselvos into Ono Big
Union instead of tho 600 unions which
existed heretofore. Plainly, the oppononts of tho workers iu Australia
fear tho workers' strength when they
are amalgamated and educated into thi
principles of Big Unionism.
Worshipping at the Shrine
of Profits Is Still
It b Probable the Modern
Pirates Are to Be
Talk Health Insurance
Hartford, Conn.—The public welfare
commission is holding hearings on
health insurance. Other matters to bo
considered aro old age pensions, hours
of labor and a minimum wage.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
Girls Work Long Hours and Live in
Compounds and Attend
Night School
[By Rose Henderson]
For the past four years and a half
tho preaa and pulpit, the teacher and
preacher, the picture and school bouse,
have given the same message, prayed'
tho same prayer and hoped the same
hopo, longed and waited for the day
of allied victory. The long wishod for
day is hore, the world of the allied nations are delirious with joy; victory
is written large in letters of blood and
sorrow. Millions of mon innocent of
wrongdoing, just entering man's estate,
not particularly anxious to kill or be
killed, have poured out thoir lives on
foreign soil to '' crush autocracy,''
militarism and "tho power of .conquest" and to "liborato enslaved
peoplea.'' Noble and worthy ideals
sacred to oil mankind, but the solo possession of no particular nation or
people. *
This war, one of the ciluolcst, bloodiest and most diabolical in tho history
of mankind, has loft thi/   allicff   triumphant.   The victory gained, said ono
of our papers, is one of the most complete recorded in history, tho allied nations being in tho almost unparalcllcd
position of being ablo   to   dictate any
terms they please to tho evfimy, who no
longer has any power   of   reslstanco
even for a single day.   Lord Milner
says, "Our armies are coming out of
this conflict stronger than before the
war.''  This surely is absolute and completo victory for tho allies and must
bring a sense of great security to those
resonsible for the war.   But now that
tho war is over and that moro and
more people will be ablo to reflect on
tho past days and nights of horror, is
it not well for ub to question this victory and new   gained   world   power.
"Lost we forget,   lest   we   forget."
What is this victory f   Is it really tho
kind of victory we wann    Are we
good enough and wiso enough to bo entrusted with suoh power to hold, so to
speak, tho lives of millions of peoples
in the hollow of our hands?   Are there
not skeletons in' our closets known to
overy   student  of   history  which   we
dare not haul outf     Knavery which
has led to wars, fanned with a flame
by intriguing diplomats who thomsolves
nover smell powor?   Who has not read
of the  Crimean, Franco-Prussian and
Moroccan cruelties 1    Tho   intolerable
co-crcion and misrulo in Ireland.   Thc
Boer war, which in. the light of calmer
deliberations was deemed as "unwarranted" and gravo mistake; Injustfac,
which was the impelling motive.   The
liberation of tho people or the protection of the diamond mines;   What of
the atricities of the Congo, our campaigns in India, Egypt   and    Persia!  ejiuuur _ . **_   —    ..-»-   *-»«
Theso aro serious, soul-BCurching days  friends; nevertheless it may mako him
made sacred to all  through tho bap-  a better shophord of hia flock.
tiBm of blood and tears of tho woman-      Try it out, Harold, oven if it does
hood, childhood and glorious manhood  hurt n bit at flrst
of   all    nationB,   not   oxecpting    tho   	
Theso are days when men and women speak  and  understand, ono  language,
aro truth searching, or timo when they the languago of profits;   worship   tho
should.   Speaking to ono another as if samo God, the "God of Mammon;"
speaking to God.   A timo when men are they aro brothers in net, thought, and
| Parson Puts Forward Christianity as an Antidote
tb Socialism
Thore was a kind of missionary meeting in St. Paul's Parish Hall, Jervis
Stroet, last week, at which the rector,
Bev. Harold G. King, took occasion to
suggest that, with the cessation of the
demand for funds in aid of war chart-
ties, the habit of "giving," whieh had
been developed during the past four
yean, should be exploited to the ad*
vantage of missionary enterprise.
He referred to tbe recent $500,000,000
loan, and hinted at the possibilitylif
doing something of the same kind for
the purposo suggested. He admitted,
however, that they were "not likely
to clinch that argument with the man
in tho streot;" the cases were not
strictly analogous, since the man who
invested in the loan was promised his
monoy back, with interest to boot.
Nevertheless, he hold, tbey would bo
remiss and delinquent if they did not
try to "take hold of that spirit and
turn it into this highor and greater
As to the returns from such an investment he asserted that they would
bo greater than those from the Victory
Loan; with the effective spread 'of
Christian teaching thero would be "no
problems of socialism os anything of
that kind," since the Christian spirit
would do all that was necessary, and
everything would bo lovely.
Apparently Mr. King is not ono of
those advanced students whose clearer
vision enables them to realize that the
flavor of tho fruit is always determined by tho conditions at tho root. His
alleged Master, a eortain working-man
of Galilee, saw this pretty clearly nineteen hundred years ago; and his professed representative might have learned from him the futility of expecting
grapes from thorns or figs from
If Mr. King sees in the world today
an absence of human kindness and fair
dealing, he may be sure that it is bo-
cause the conditions of modern life are
not conducive to the cultivation of
such virtues. Our wholo oconomic system is a system of warfare; its password is '' tho sruvival of tbe slickest''
So long as it lasts, every man'a hand
must bo against his neighbor, or he goes
under, What chance is thore for Christian principles to prevaill
It may sound harsh and disquieting
to Mr. King to hear that the social
which gives him his meal-
ticket is a system of exploitation, pure
and simple. Tho viciousness of its
root principlo is evidenced in its results; and no pious longings for kindly relations among men will be effectual so long as the pernicious system is
If Mr. King would really grasp the
truth of thingB, lot him change his
view-point and seo tho social system as
tho basic causo of tho thing he deplores, rather than the offect. It may
be a view which ho is unwilling to
tako; but if ho seoks tho truth, it may
help him in hiB quest to look at things
this wny. Of course, ho won't get much
encouragement   from   liis   West   End
Th. wid. wi.tr of ilylo till .Mini «i_ibll«d In Uu
_M excited tb. »dmfration of .core, of viilton to oar ipocloo. wsroroom. I
Tke BODY BEAUTIFUL 1. worth-* of tho nroiicl loul it otuhrini-K-th. traeettl
lines of cwe-work lending themielvei i-etdilj* to .ny node of Mehluetare.
ft littlo more then ordln.rr diierimln.tion ought to be exereieed.
Ibe forelock I   SELECT FROM A FULL STOOK, for wbftt le, tfter ell, the HOST
IMPORTANT OF PURCHASES—tbe complement of the modern borne, A PIANO.
Yon would TAKE time to piek oat ft eftrl
Railway Clerks Gain
Mobile, Ala.—-Tlie Mobile ft Ohio and
Southern Railroads have signed a work*
ing agreement with the Brothorhood of
Railway Clerks. About 1200 omployoes
aro involved in an understanding that
includes overtime and working conditions. Wagos have been set by the di*
dector general of railroads.
-.« ».-. .oiuii.Mu*. oi your wife or
lnrge and paramount importance.
In the eitlm.tion of yonr wife or d.ujbter at leut, the PIANO QUESTION le of
lorn ftnd noramonni i,.™*.-.-    ■)„,., del»r—»nald»r il now!
A ttt tteeU-mt opportul-
Met fa LlttliUnd Player-
PUnoi—Biu. Haw Seals
Williams, icuim.
Montelius Piano Hous
524-528 Granville Street
_   - —J
ed by the Charleson Consolidated Bail-
way and Lighting Company have been
awarded these rates by the national
war board: For the first three months
of service, 36 conts an hoar; next nine
months, 38 oents, and 40 cents thereafter. The award dates back to November 10.
China and Toys
the Dolls
macdonald-Narpole Co.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods oan only be produced by
wing cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
U produced from the highest grade material! proourable-
Oaioade is a UNION produot from start to finish.
. We are hearing much about Japan
these daya, possibly because sho is going to have a whole lot to do with our
own affairs in tho noar futuro.
At St. Paul's Anglican- Church
last wook, a talk on Japan waB
given by M-iss Rowland, a lady who
has lived in that country for about 12
years. Ono of tho things that struck
her was the frequency of ' 'strikes " by
Jnpaneso school boys; whonovor thoy
wishod to got rid of an unpopular
teacher, or prevont ono they liked
from being dismissed, or register a kick
ubout any othor matter, it was quite
thc thing for them to go on Btrike.
"And thoy always win," sho snid;
and this was borne out by ono of tho
rovorend gentlemen prosont.
With regard to tho girls, however,
this weapon does not seem to be in
vogue, in industrial affairs at least.
Unfortunately, the lecturer was some*
whut hurried and indistinct in her de<
livery; but if she wis heard aright
from tho back of tho hall, tho Jap girls
nro industrial slaves from tho time they
quit school at tho age of 12 yenrs or
thoroubouts. Then, it appears, thoy go
to work in fnctories, and live in "compounds "; tho Bpeukcr called thorn
"boarding houses," but tho namo
makes no difference. Tho girls, it if
understood, go into tho fuctory at (i
o'clock at night, with hardly any interval at all for food or rest. At the
end of thoir 12-hour shift, thoy return
to tho boarding houBe, whoro they get
their bath and their supper; then thoy
go into tho evening school, whon the
little onorgy thoy huve left is used up
in trying to keep awake.
Our Willison* and manufacturers' reconstruction associations have rocontly
boon impressing on us that our solvation depends on boating theso Japs and
other trade competitors by producing
commodities ns cheap as, or cheaper
thnn, they can. If this is tho cnso, it'
seems to bo a bad lookout for Canadian
children; in fact, a doubt may bo allowed whether wo had not better make
our reconstruction plans with a viow to
supplying our own needs hero at
home, -instead, of sweating tho "kiddies" nil day' long in ordor to compote in foreign trado.
To Restore Seniority
_._,  ._   --«„,     «.  liuiu  nunu J11UI1 lire
not satisfied with the babble of the
war lords and politicians, nor yot with
the empty cant and gurbled doctrines
of Christ as taught by thc average
church. Souls uro sickened, overy sense
of honesty and morality shocked with
overy issue of the press, with tho arrogant boastfulnoss of power and the
vivid loathsome descriptions of tho destruction of life nnd treasure. Well
may we ask ourselves if this is tho
path to peace nnd the way of the lowly
What of the secret   treaties   made
known by the Russian revolutionists of
the dark doings of tho "International
Armament Trust."   Have tho monied
kings and queens of the allied nations
dipped in the same pool for their dividends as tho war lords and ladies of
thc enemy countries?   Aro their souls
so puro and white and stainless as to bo
able   to   cry "murderer," "traitor,",
criminal"?    Havo we on this   con*1
tinont helped the wur lords of Germany
in ony way to perfect and propare their
war machine.    Has nickel gono from
Sudbury;  oil, cotton, steel and other
necessities from our noble allies to the
south of us; were they willing to sell
any  and   all  necessities  to  Germany
if "she could come and get them"!
And  what of the food, clothing and
munition scandals!   Whut category will
thc citizens of (his nntion   put    meu
who, wrapped iu tlie flag, used a time
of national destruction and calamity to
rob men and their helpless, unprotected
dependents of the common necessities
of life, who not content with Inflated
prices, inflated bnoot) with suit wnter,
Buppliod men with paqr   soled   shoe*1
gave them defective rifles to meoUth
„...-. -.««... uwwutu ttuvH m meoG»tuo  uiuokh mo rising   tide
foe, nnd food so putrid as to bc untlt  levelled  to the ground
for   COllHlimntimi-   mnn     wt.n    __i__j    .....    -....l,.,..:.,..    ;..   ...   7
Washington—The United States railroad administration lias ordered that
soldiers und sailors who desiro to return
to thoir omploymont on government
controlled railroads shull be given their
seniority wherever prncticuble.
Electricians Advance
Washington—Tho nationnl war labor
board has rulod in tho case of electricians employed on Duluth and Superior
oro docks that tho daily wngo for a ten-
hour day on October 1 last shall be the
rato for an eight-hour day. |
for consumption; men who bled tin
nation and their dependents while they
woro bleeding on foreign soil to do-
fend democrucy, liberty and justice
and bring honor to tho empire.
Men who allow millions of pounds of
food nnd thousands of gallons of milk
to rot sooner thun roduco the price
even onc eent to enable mothers to feed
their hungry babies. These men, lost
to common humanity, und consumed
with the lust for gold and all that follows in its trail, nre the ones who cry
"Traitor!" and hunt down all who do
not  follow  in  the dead  trail   of the
mob which thoy have lushed to
fury through press and pulpit,   Thoso
■ turn    -...itl.    tl.ni-   .'11  —1—.
deed.   Tho world is thoir footstool, and
tho peoplo of all lands thoir legitimate
prey.   A pamphlot reaches  me  from
England giving in detail    tho    most
flagrant evidence of criminal profiteering.    Tho New York  World has announced its   intention   of  printing   a
dozen or so articles unmasking the profiteers and war lords   of   tho   United
States, and judging from   the   titles,
thoso articles should be reprinted and
circulated freely in overy labor organization who will undertako to do similar services for tho people of Canada?
France has not only had revelation on
tho doings of hor profiteers at homo,
but they wero  actually exposed and
caught rod-handod in Now York.   Tho
world has been daily informed  with
scandals of profiteering bo diabolical
that they could no longor bo concealed
at home or abroad.   The consciences of
ail but the dulled and dying aro in revolt ngainst a Bystem which allows and
croatos such corrupt   and   destructive
elements.    Tho best in all lands aro
crying out against thoso inhuman practices.    Tho war has opened people's
oyes und hus mado them think aB never
before.   They aro asking questions, unanswerable by politicians   or   clergy.
Thc musses are stirring, the unrest  is
deep seated, statesmen aro without   u
remedy.   They are throwing sops und
reforms broadcast, but they cannot control  the hurricane they havo Btnrled.
Tho stream of lifo bas overflowed its
bunks und cun never uguin be turned
buck into its old channels.   Now paths
ure going to bo broken, broader roads
opened;  lies, fears   und   superstitious
blasted,   und   overy    obst&olo   which
blocks tho rising   tide   of   democrucy
v      ._..._.„_.    j....,,..    ut.u    f/UAUH,,       JLUUHU
mon with their Ill-gotton gains corrupt
the press and pulpit, poison public
opinion und control the legislature In
ovory land. Thoy hand themselves honors and titles, crosses and medals, erect
monuments nnd tablets "sacred to
their Inemories." They have ruled ruthlessly and ingloriously and like every
other grent evil ure destroying themselves carrying the seed of their own
destruction in every word they utter
nnd ovory net thoy perform.
This wnr, unlike all other wars, on
account of its colossal ramifications,
has produced monstrous human vultures, morchunt princes without conscience, enshrined in the highest scuts
of tho Innd. Thoy uro not confined to
any onu nntion, but strangely enough
....         Thu duy of
reckoning is ut hand.    The betrayers
of humanity ure going to be brought to
account,  tho passions  of  thc peoples
have been stirred to the depths, hale,
death, hunger und rapine, humanity's
deadly foes Stalk the earth unbridled,
lt. behooves thoso in  power to  think
deeply nnd silently of the forces they
have loosened, aad had better find an
immediate remedy or beat a hasty retreat.   There is no going buck for tho
human race; they must either go forward or perish.    Tho urge of life   is
greater thun  the power of Mammon;
it is this irresistible urge whicli is now
driving humanity on, und which will
finally   triumph.    Man   is   the  highest
manifestation of  the creator and he
will not bo mocked out of (lie graves
of (lie dead, and from the bods of tlie
dying millions of voices ure calling to
us nol to let their martyrdom be in
vain,  to  purge   tho world forever of
its kings of  cotton,   coul,   pork   and
wur.   Their sufferings chill our laughter and smiles, but tlieir heroism must
firo our bruin, heart and soul to deeds
and actions worthy of the human sacrifices offered up to the War God.   Never
uguin must thc Wur God or IiIh twin
brother Mammon mock mankind or reduce the world lo a brothel and churnel
house.   The people must mnke peace-*-
the only peace which cun sustain is the
pence of a resurrected, chastened humanity.
Behold the dolls, the quaint, thc queer
They've como to us from far and near;
The large, the small, thc dark, thc fair,
Thc curley locks, the straight of hair.
Thc soldier, nurse, the savage wild;
A doll will always please a child.
Have you seen our wonderful Doll Department! Never
has Vancouver been visited by such a wonderful bevy of
beautiful dolls. There arc dolls with laughing Irish eyes
of bluff, and raven locks; there are dolls with beautiful
flaxen curls; petite little French dolls with frocks from
gay Parcc; smart little American dolls, so charming and
chic; and then, of course, there are thc lovable Roily-
Polly and IIug-Mc-Tights. There arc Doll Houses with
real doors and windows, and furniture just like mother
has—bedroom suites, parlor sets, dining room suites; and
also real kitchen stoves, and all kitchen utensils—wash-
tubs to wash the doll's clothes in; real bed with mattresses, pillows, springs; carpet sweeper and dainty
buggies to tnke dolly out for an airing in. Also beautiful set of dishes to complete thc lovely Doll-house.
Bring Mother and select just the doll you love best. By
being a real (food little girl, Santa may bring it to you. A
very small deposit will hold il till ho arrives.
Special Showing Dolls, $1.50 Saturday
Everything on
Wheels for Boys
Evory boy
To him il
hns ii longing in his heart for u Wheel Toy.
.. is a mighty motor with 1211 poworful horses
propelling it at torriflo speed over hill ami dale. We
want every hoy in Vaneonver to he here tlijs wook—bring
Mother or Dad and look over the largest showing of
wheel toys ever assembled in oui* oity. There are speedy
Coasters, racing Automobiles, wooden Kiddie Oars,
Volocipodos, llandears, Steel liaeers, Trucks nnd
whizzing Skiddors.
They are very strong, made from staunch, seleeted hnrd-
woods with steel axles, wire wheels, roller bearings,
with heavy steel supports wherever needed. Sonic have
oversize rubber tires and strong brakes. At the rate they
are going even our largo stock will soon be depleted.
Botter make your selection early—a very small deposit
will keep your choice till Santa comes.
Special Showing Skiddors Saturday at $2.75
Millar&Coe Limited
...Deeembm 0, 1(18
10 per cent discount to soldiers
in uniform
Viking Gold Fleece
Wolsey Underwear
These two lines of Underwear are absolutely reliable. One hundred per cent, wool, and British made,
they'll give you more real satisfaction per dollar invested than any other make. They're wonderful
merchandise, soft, warm, well cut, they stand out beyond all others for their superb quality and predominant value.
Wolsey per suit $9 $11 $12
Viking per suit   - $10 $14
153 Hastings Street West limited
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Dissatisfaction in Oapital Oity Shipyards Owing to Non-Enforcement of Awards
The Victoria Motal Trades Council
has submitted to tho affiliated membership tho now wage scalo in connection
with the Robertson agreement. The
referendum vote wilt bo taken at once,
tho returna to be in to the executivo by
the 13th of December. Thero ia considerable dissatisfaction amongst tbe
shipyard workera in tho Capital owing
to the fact that Adjuster Macdonald
has not tho power to onforco his
Teamsters and Truck Drivers
A good meeting was held, the first in
soven weeks. Tho local decided to assess themselves $1 por month until tho
Laundry Workers havo won. The changing of tho convention from Victoria to
Calgary waa also endorsed. Tho next
meeting will be Wednesday, Deo. 11,
when nominations will open for officers
for tho coming year, and tho election
will bo held on Wednesday, Doc. 18.
All members are asked to sond in a Hat
of all drivers that they know havo gono
overseas to the secretary immodiately.
Madison, Wis.—Barbers in tt s city
havo suspondod work to enforco thoir
wago domand of $18 a weok and 60 por
cont, of receipts in excess of $24.
Buys This
and six double-Bided  .Records,   of  yonr
own   choice   (twelve   selections)—Other
Styles $34.00 and up
No gift can give greater pleasure and pride than
a Victrola. It will bring the greatest and best entertainment into thc home this Christmas, and will
have enduring value even after years of service.
Nothing else perhaps is so sure to please as a
beautiful Victrola, or a choice parcel of Victor
Records—nothing else that will be more endurable or
more economical.
We Can Give You Unexcelled
Victrola   and   Record   Service
There are about 9000 Victor Record selections-
songs by the world's greatest artists—famous bands
and orchestras—comic and furious entertainers. We
quote a few numbers below. You'll enjoy hearing
them—we'll gladly play them I'or you.
35075—Angels liver Bright and Fair Marsh
Unfold Ye Portals Trinity Choir
74187—Star of Bethlehem Williams
70117—The Laddie Who Fought and Won.J.audcr
84768—Peer Gynt Suite No. 1 (Grieg)	
 Philadelphia Orchestra
18296—Dawn of Love (Violin, Flute, Harp)
 Neapolitan Trio
La Cinquantaine (Xylophone) Reitz
64727—Two Folk-Songs of Littlo Russia Gluck
64037—Clang of the Forgo de, Gogorza
18507—Hindustan—Fox Trot Smith's 0.
'N' Everything—Fox Trot Smith's U.
64687—Deep River (with Orpheum Qt.) Alda
74563—Ave Maria (Schubert-Wilhclmj) Violin
Mason & Risch Limited
738 Granville Street        Vancouver Block
W. W. Lefeaux Deals With
Powers of Government
at the Royal Sunday
The Thoatre Royal was again filled
last Sanday to hear the speaker for
tho Socialist Party of Canada, Mr. A.
11. Sinclair, chairmaa, in introducing
Mr. W. W. Lofoaux, outlined in n few
words, the purpose of Socialist propaganda, which he declared to be to enlighten thc workers who themselves
must eft'oct their own emancipation.
Applause greeted Mr. Lefeaux when
he arose to speak. He dealt at the outset with the impounding of u consignment of soientiilo literature in thc Customs department, whicli had been referred to at tho previous meeting, but
whieh had not yot been released. A
telegram had been sent to Ottawa in
this connection, stating that no reference to the works in quostion had been
contalnod under heading of proscribed
literature in the Oiiicial Record. A reply telegram had been received from
tho chief press censor for Canada, Col.
K. J. Chambers, stating that they wcro
included in tho order-in-council, Canada
Gazette, 1918, P1378. A letter from
the same source regarding tho suppression of the Western Clarion had boca
received, in which Col. Chambers had
professed to have no time to entor into
such questions, and declaring that the
continuance of that paper would have
had an injurious effect upon tho prosecution of tho war, and was against tho
maintenance of ordered liberty.
Section 6 of tho War Moasurcs Act,
which had been passed, not by order-in-
council, but by assembled parliament of
the Dominion of Canada, authoriazed
the governor-in-council to "make from
time to time such acts and things as he
shall deem necessary." But tho question arose, had he, the governor, tho
power to deputize? Thc speaker said
ho had asked eeveral eminent counsel
in town why thc law was so ambiguously worded, and ho had received only an
inscrutablo smile for an answer. "This
is Thanksgiving Day throughout tho
Dominion; peoplo are celebrating peace,
yet wo aro still at war. Why is thisf
It is becauso the governor-in-council
has not yet Baid that war doos not exist." This was provided for in tho
War Measures. Act, sections 3 and 5,
consequently, anything that may now
be uttered, spoken or published, which,
in tho judgment of thc chief press censor niight "tend in any way to lesson
tho unitod efforts of tho Allies in tho
prosecution of the war,'' would, according to thc Canada Gazette of 16th April
last, empower summary conviction of
the guilty person by any common justice of the peace, or any singlo police
Reviewing the consolidated orders respecting censorship, under which no
person shall speak or utter anything
consisting of objectionable mutter, Mr.
Lefeaux said that by virtue of clause 7,
any prosecution under thiB order, or undor tho attorney-general of Canada,
proof of innocence rests with tho accused. Illustrating this point, he cited
a ease which had been made public in
Nelson of a man charged under this
order, who apparently belonged to tho
Millenium Dawn sect. According to
tho accused's viow of things, tho millenium was coming, conseqaontly he
could seo no reason to continue the war,
Ue had received six months in jail.
Referring to tho Criminal Code of
Canada, section 133, thc speaker said:
"As long as a person advocates changes
in a constitutional manner, and not by
force, it is not seditious or treasonable." The machinery of wealth production and means of transportation,
ho said, wore in the hands of a class
whose interests wore opposed to thoso
of the working clnss. The process of
production in mino and mill, was of a
social nature, and the solution of tho
probloma confronting socioty lay in
their social ownership. Beforo concluding, tho speaker road a circular that
was then being sent out throughout tho
country by tho 8. P. of C, announcing
that while Kcrr'B edition of "Capital"
by Karl Marx was proscribed, the first
nino chapters of tho first volume, and
the 32nd chapter wero boing published
in Vancouvor by thc Political Economy
Club, and thnt advance orders wero being then received in the theatre at $1
for bound copies, and SO cents for
paper bound copies. Thc S. P. of C.
wero handling the sale, he said, for tho
publishers ,and success in tho venture
would be assured if support and encouragement wen* then forthcoming. Inclosing, he said: "Our actions are determined by our conditions, but got thc
other fellow lo study; if you do not. do
this, you arc not worthy to be called a
member of the earnest, intelligent,
working class."   (Applause).
0. P. B. and Grand Trunk Steamship
Companies Sign Now Agreement—
Smaller Companies Agroe
The Marino Firemen und Oilers have
been successful in negotiating a new
wago scale. Tho C. P. R. and the
Grand Trunk Htcamship companies
have signed up tho now agreement, the
smaller companies falling in line, und
havo agreed verbally to pay tho new
scale and give tho conditions, The
new scale is as follows: Coal firemen,
oilers and day men, $90 por month; oil
burner firemen, $80 per month; coal
passers, $75 per month, and wipers, $55
per month. Other concessions dealing
with working conditions havo been
granted. The organization is now
negotiating with tho North Vancouver
Ferry Company. The Union Steamship
Company, winch does not employ white
firemen, the organization is not having
any dealings with.
Cheap Tactics
The Minimum Wage Board desired
to hire a stenographer for the taking
dowa of the proceedings at the mini
mum wage conference on Wednesday
A court steiMigrnpher was seen; she
however, desired tho sum of $7.50 per
day for her services. Following out
the name of the board, the services
of a stenographer at the rato of $2.50
per day was secured, and possibly the
reason for tho low minimum for the
retail clerks is duo to this pnrsomonious
aspect on the pnrt of the board.
Patronize B. 0. Federationist adver
there and tell them why yoa do so.
For The
Our Btoek is replete and a
more suitable gift could
not be desired.
White with colored border, 2 in box—25*^.
Whito with colored design
in corner, 2 in box—35*0.
Silk with colored figure in
corner, 3 in box—35^.
White with colored design
in corner and colored roll
edge, 2 in box—50-#.
Fine white muslin with
colored and scalloped
edge; also embroidered
corner; 2 in box—65#.
57$ Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Some Pertinent Questions
Are Asked About the
Soviet Govt
What about Russia! The censorship
has cut us off from tho news thore. This
is bad, because now more than over wo
would liko to bo sure that wc aro not
engaged in crushing a democracy struggling to nationhood. I have said that
thc Sisson documents scorned to me to
convict tho Bolshoviki of acting as tho
tool of the German high command, but
latterly I havo come to doubt that this
is sweopingly bo. Our intervention to
set up a now Russian front against tho
thon apparently crescent power of Gormany was justified of course, Tho Russians opposed that intorvcation. That
thoy did so for Germany may not bo so
clear when wo boar in mind somo
things that arc told us about tho attitude of tho Soviet government, though
those things arc not told us officially.
It is said that Lenino and Trotsky,' a
week or more previous to the signing of
tho Brest-Litvosk treaty, handed to
Raymond Robbins, at that timo a representative in RuBsia of the American
Red Cross, a communication to Presidont Wilson declaring thoir opposition
to tho treaty, stating that thoy would
refuse to sign it if tho United States
would assuro them of its moral support
in breaking off the negotiations and
would send to Russia food and arms. It
is said that at least two copies of thc
communication woro at onco cabled to
Washington, one of them to the department of state, throagh diplomatic officials of tho Unitod States in Russia,
that the communication was duly received by the department of stato and
camo under the eye of Secretary Lansing, but was not laid beforo Mr. Wilson at tho time, and that Mr. Wilson
was ignorant of its existence until after
his decision to intervene in Russia had
been reached aud announced. It is said
that Mr. Robins, after having secured
tho sending of this communication,
spent several weeks in Washington
upon hiB return vainly trying to secure
an audience with Mr. Wilson; and that
in the meantime he was given to understand by tho American Red Cross und
tho department of state that ho was not
to make any public statement on the
subject. Wo know that Russia is still
represented at Washington by Mr. Bak-
hmeteff of the Czarist regime It is
said that this Czarist representative of
Russia carries on in this country a propaganda against the Soviet govornment
on tho strength of United States loans
and credits to Russia. It is said that
the railway material purchased for tho
Russian government by Prof. Lomonos-
soff was sold nnd the proceeds applied
to various non-Russian purposes by
Embassador Kakhmetoff.
These ami other allegations from porsons who seem to know something ubout
Russian affairs would indicate that this
country is playing the game of the
CV.arisls and other reactionaries to
wreck the Sovlot government, which is
much more of a government, and much
less of a bloodthirsty anarchy than we
have been permitted lo know. If this
country laid down on tho Soviet government when it called for holp, and
then turned upon that government for
doing what it could not avoid, It is not
to our credit. No important element in
this country will approve our desertion
of that democracy.
The President declared the Bolsheviki
outlaws. What if wo forcod them out
of touch with ub aad theu golped
wholesale tho stories of their cruelty
and trcachory spread by their enemies
of tho Czarist faction? Wo have boen
hearing nothing from Russia but Bolshevist horrors, which aro largoly if not
wholly denied. Wo havo beon told of
massacres being planned, but how many
people know that tho Soviet declared
amnesty to all arrested hostages and
porsons alleged to be involved in anti-
Soviet plots, excopt those held hostages
for Bolsheviki held in enemy handsf
Wo have hoard that tho Bolshoviki
were doing Germany's work in Russia
but now wo see that thoy were spreading Bolshevism ia Germany, and wo
know tlmt thc Bolshevist ambassador
was driven out of Berlin. These things
make one doubt tho Tightness of our attitude towards the Bolsheviki, doubt,
too, lho authenticity of thoso Sisson
That these statements concerning tho
Bolsheviki are made by men like John
Reed, Max Eastman and are taken up
for query by Oswald Garrison Villard
should not cause us to ignoro thom.
These men sny and bolieve that the Soviet government has never been pro-
Last Sunday's Meeting Was
Well Attended, Weather
Tho second meeting of a aorlea of
four was held at the Broadway Thoatre
Sunday night by the Federated Labor
Party. In spite of tho fearful rainy
night there was a good attendance. Tho
organ recital started promptly at 7.30
and continued until 8 o'clock, when
tho chair was takon by E. Burns, woll
known in tho movement. Aftor a few
remarks ho introduced .T. S. Woods-
worth, who had displayed on tho stage
a chart which almost explained itself.
The speaker showed how tho products
of tho workers, in passing through a
big horn, was tapped unnecessarily by
members of human socioty, whilo finally tho producer had to bo satisfied
with what small portion wns left to
dribble out of tho small end of tho
horn. Tho speaker said political action
on lho part of the workers would bo
necessary beforo any chango could bo
made; ho also spoke of the hard task
beforo thom,owing to tho lnck of funds,
wliich had to como -from tho limited
means, but wns confident, with united
effort, success would come. Severnl
questions were nsked tho speaker.
Don't forget Sunday night noxt. Como
yourself aad bring a friend.
German. Mr. Robins hns Baid nothing.
He was put on tho stand in a trial of
some Bussian anarchists in New York
but was not permitted to answer quostions based upon these assertions. Now
that Gormany has fallen, if these facts
bo true facts, Bolshevism must bo
stronger than ever in Russia, and this
country is in tho position of fighting lho
Bolshevist govornment, not Germany.
Arc tho Allied troops in Russia to put
down the Soviet government? If so,
and if aU tho facts aro as statod, how
can a democratic country like the United Statos mako war on a democratic
Russia that is not and has not been
tho tool of Gormany? If Russia asked
us for broad and wc replied by making
war on her in bohalf of the reactionary
land-owning element, how absurd is our
position as a nation fighting for democracy?
Why do the armistice terms provide
that Gorman troops must remain in
Russia until orderod out by tho Allies?
Thoy are not to flght Germans. Thoy
aro to aid us in overthrowing tho Soviets. Doos this country wnnt to smash
tho Soviet government, with German
aid or without it? Arc we taking tho
sido of the landed tyrants against tho
peoplo who havo rightfully dispossessed
thom? If so wo are "a hell of a domocracy," as John Reed says. Abolish
tho censorship on Russian news. This
country must not bo betrayed into warring on the Russinn people and their
duly chosen governmont, undor the direction of Czarist agents and for thc
comfort of those governments in Europe that fear and hate Bolshevism, as
domocracy, as much as thoy feared and
hated Germany. Let us hear what Mr.
Raymond Robins has to say. He is a
credible porson. On tho face of the
Bolshevist case for themselves wo aro
fighting tho Soviet republic. We didn't
go into thiB war to kill republics, Lot
us havo the facts.—W. M. Rudy ia
Rudy's Mirror,
My Offer Closes
Saturday Night!
THIS has been a phenomenal period—this peace celebration
offer. More than 200 men's suits and overcoats and upwards of SO coats and suits have been sold. But this is not
surprising when the price is considered, for I have not made
any profit on these goods. I made the offer of my $40 and $50
lines for men and my $70 and $75 lines for women at $30 and
$50 respectively. It was done purely and simply in the spirit
of eclebation, and it has turned out to be the biggest advertisement I ever had. For every suit is a genuine Tom-the-Tailor,
with all that that implies—finest fabrics, most skilful cutting,
union workmanship, guaranteed as to fit, fashion and finish.
I have made another 250 Tom-the-Tailor boosters. Come in
and be measured any time up to store closing Saturday night.
That ends it,
Hade with shape-retaining qualities
Priced with moderation to give true value to the wearer:
$25.00, $35.00,
$40,00 to $50.00
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
Union Made
McPHERSON SHOES arc known all over the continent as a
standard of honest value in material and the highest character
as to workmanship—shoes that are built to last—a shoe that is
above the ordinary—a strictly union-made shoe throughout.
Look At These Prices
McPherson's $10 Willow Oalf
Shoes for $6.60
A famous McPherson shoe—made of the
best Willow Calf—a reliable leather—
easy on thc feet. Soles are tho best oak
tanned leather, or Noolin, cither rod or
white.   In all the new shapes—all sizes.
McPherson's $12 Anti-Wet Shoe for $7.50
McPherson's Anti-Wet line is a top-notchcr—thc standard
on this continent. This shoe has an 8-inch top—is mado of
brown oil calf—half bellows tongue—full sewn soles—the
shoe of shoes for wet weather.
10 Per Cent Off to Returned Soldiers.
Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back.
33-45-47-49, HasKngs ShEasr.
10 Per Cent. Off to Returned Soldiers—10 Per Cent


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