BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Aug 20, 1920

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345584.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345584-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345584-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345584-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345584-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345584-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345584-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

$2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber  Workers  Take
Action to Stop
Ontario Government to
Take Up Question of
Camp Conditions
Camp 17—Ocean Falls Is on
ttrike, according to a telegram received. No details yet received.
'" At the Spruce mills, Prince Rupert, the boom men were flred for
demanding union wages.
1 On behalf of several hudred men
working at Penticton, the lawyers
have issued a writ for the repayment of the $1.50 per month (less
lc per day for accident compensation), which has been stopped from
their wages for hospital purposes
without their consent. There are
many men throughout the Province who are being illegally grafted
upon in this manner, and the action of the Penticton men will go
far to stop similar cases.
The men in camp at Kingcome
River donated a considerable Bum
for tbe purchase of an educational
library. They evidently consider
that in knowledge lies a medium
of emancipation. As the adage has
It, "An ignorant people can never
be a free people." In taking the
acton they do, they expresB the
hope that other campa will do likewise.
Another district has declined to
settle their Indebtedness to headquarters upon reduced terms, preferring to pay the whole of their
obligation when circumstances permit. «.
Toronto News Association
Executive Member. Cowan report.! having attended a meeting at
Toronto, consisting of representatives of the government and the
boss loggers association, to discuss the question of standard
camps. There is a certain satisfaction in the fact that as a result
of the union activities, the government health department ls showing evidences of an Intention to
have the camps conform ln some
degree to the legal requirements,
but, of course, the employers will
continue to resort to every means
to resist the laws being enforced,
heedless of the fact that the health
and well-being of the men Is being
sacrificed ln the interests of the
employers' profits. The extent of
the control bf tho late government
by the lumber Interests has been
clearly demonstrated during the
recent -public enquiries Into their
joint transactions, and in the
manner ill which the government
handles this quostion of the requirements for standard camps and
the enforcement of the health regulations will be demonstrated
Whether they are as much subservient to the lumber, and employing
Interests as were their predecessors. Much undoubtedly depends
■pon the strength and aggressiveness of the union, which is a mat*
ter entirely ln the hands of those
who work In the industry. Some
people are satisfied with the pleasures of anticipation, but nothing
(Continued on page I)
Sends Commendation of
Action Taken on Russian Question
At a mass meeting held in Edmonton, Sunday, August 16th, the
following resolution wae proposed
and passed unanimously:
"Whereas, the Labuf Party of
Great Britain haa taken a definite
■tand against their government aiding Poland by blockade, military
or naval effort, therefore be it reeolved that we, the representative
workers of the City of Edmonton,
hereby commend and endorse the
aetion and stand of the Labour
Party of Great Britain."
And that copies of the above resolution be sent to the Premier of
Canada, the Dominion Labor Party, Winnipeg, the Ontario Labor
Party, the Dominion Labor Party,
Edmonton, and to Mr... C. W.
Adamson, Chairman of the Labor
Party In the House of Commons of
Great Britain.
Signed n behalf of lhe Committee by James East, Deputy Mayor.
Committee: James East, Alderman,
Rice Sheppard, Aldarman, R. C.
Street Corner Oratory Forbidden
By tlie Police of that
Good City
Socialists who were forbidden
the street corners during the war,
for propaganda purposes, attempted to reopen these meetjngs In Toronto at the corner of Yonge and
Albert streets, but were forbidden
by the police. Mra. Joseph Knight,
Max Armstrong and Geo. Wllshaw
were among thoae who were compelled to give up the soap box
talks, Geo. Weaver, of the O. B.
U., declared that the matter would
be taken up with the police commissioners.
Pass the Federatlonist along and
help get new subscriber*
One   Big   Union   Wins
Strike in Drumheller
Retroactive Pay and No
U.M.W.of A. Check-
off Granted
Work has been resumed at the
mines of the North American Collieries Company at Coalhurst, and
at Monarch, the company having
agreed to pay the thirteen per cent.
Increase from April first, and having also agreed that there will be
no increase ln house rents at their
collieries. About six hundred men
are affected and these mines are
now one hundred per cent. O. B. U.
and are not subject to the United
Mine Workers' check off aB enforced by the Honorable Gideon
Robertson, in other mines In the
September the tenth Is the date
set for a convention of the miners
of the whole district, when a resolution passed by mass meetings
of miners ln the Drumheller Valley will be discussed. This resolution states that the parties from
Indianapolis, who. entered into the
agreement supported by the minister of labor, must be held responsible for any shortage of coal that
may exist through lack of production during the. coming-winter. Miners anticipate further government opposition to the1 0. B.
U., as Senator Watson, owner of
mines in southern Saskatchewan,
has ousted all men belonging to
that organization, and has Interested his son-in-law, the Hon, Arthur Meighen, In oposftion to the
new organization.
Great Britain is still on food rations in many respects, and the effects of the war, and the war after
the war, are still being felt.
London, July 28 (by mail, via N.
Y. Bureau)—After Margaret Bond-
field had reported on her recent
visit to Soviet Russia, and had
praised In the highest terms' the
care given the children of Russia
by the Soviet government, the Na-
ticnal Federation of Women Workers, in biennial delegate conference
laet week-end, adopted resolutions
calling for.the recognition of the
Soviet government by Britain.
Other resolutions adopted call for
a capital levy, and provide measures for dealing wtth housing, unemployment and old age pensions,
Honor Marx
Owing to the fact \>.nt it was in
the borough of St. Tjncras, London W. C, that Karl Marx wrote
his greatest contribution to the
working class philosophy, th«
council of that borough decided to
hang a picture of Marx ln the
council chamber.
Trades Unions and Labor Party
Want Dictatorship of
Chrlstlania, Norway. — By a
large majority the national congress of the Norwegian trade unions haa adopted a resolution tn
fovor of the organisation of Workmen's Councils In every district
with a view to the control of production and as a first step towards
. By six votes to-one the revolu*
tlonary programme, -already accepted by - the Norwegian labor
party, has been accepted. It includes adhesion of the Soviet system and the dictatorship of the
proletariat as a means to the abolition of the State and of the capitalist economic system.
i«ii»HiHiHii»i»..»..|.<ii«iit">-l-<"«ii|iiti'|ii«»«ii|ii»"«"»"l"l"»'»l I"!'■•"«
Defense Committee Meeting
B. C. Defense Committee
Friday, Aug. 20, at 8 p.m.
All Members Are Requested to Attend
Council of Joint Action
Sends Representatives
to France
Russian Trades Unionists
Send   Words of
' The action of British Labor lost
Friday, when It was decided to
form a council of action for the
purpose of calling a general strike
In the event of the British government taking warlike steps against
Soviet Russia, and to compel the
removal of the blockade, was followed by efforts to line up the
French Labor movement against
the intervention of France, and
William Adamson, leader .of the
labor group In the' British House
of Commons, and Harry Gosling,
of the Transport Workers, were
sent to France for that purpose.
The French government took direct
action ' against the British labor
representatives and ordered them
to leave, or they would be deported. The British labor men left
Franceon Tuesday night, according to 'press reports, but not before they had accomplished their
mission, according to statements
that they made to the press.
The AU Russian Central Council
of Trade Unons, on hearing of the
action taken by BrltlBh Labor, sent
a message of appreciation of the
action taken to tbe British Trades
Council, of Action, and stated that
"the sympathy of the British
workers to Soviet Russia will unite
the workers of Great Britain and
Soviet Russia into a strong fraternal union which no Intrigue of the
international bourgeoise can prevail."
Spokesmen of the British government have tried to belittle the
action taken by labor of the Old
Land in forming the Council of
Action, and the threat of a general strike ln the event of Intervention agalnBt Russia, but The
Dally Herald has warned labor
that the premier, David Lloyd
George, may yet trick the workers
if they do not keep their eyes open.
Marxism Was Explained
at Last Sunday's
.   Meeting:
Marx and Marxism ls heard so
often nowadays that the man on
the street Is wondering who and
what it is. J. Smith, speaking at
the Empress Theatre on Sunday
last, devoted his address to explaining the teachings of this
school of thought/and by tracing
up the developments that had occurred up to 1014, showed how lt
was that those who had mastered
this system of thought were able
to understand the forces at work
more clearly than the great mass
of the people. To get a correct understanding of the class struggle It
was necessary to grasp the essential points ot the materialistic Interpretation of history, which the
speaker considered the greatest
contribution of Marx to scientific
thought. A study of the great Socialist classics by the.working class
was urged In order to avoid the
confusion in tactics that was so evident amongst those who were simply being guided by the appearances of things, without knowing
the forces at work below the surface of society today." Aa there was
not sufficient time to answer all the
questions from the audience, the
chairman announced that they
would be dealt with at the next
Announcement was also made of
the open air meetings that were
being conducted and the Increasing
demand for sound scientific literature that was In evidence at these
gatherings was. an indication of the
desire of the workers to get real
knowledge. "The Western Clarion,"
the organ of the Socialist Party of
Canada, published twice a month,
was another medium of circulating
information that should not be
overlooked by those interested In
the working-class movement.
The speaker at the Empress on
Sunday next will be T. O'Connor.
Draw Up Plans to Offset Military
Action Agninst
Seattle — The Seattle Central
Labor Council, by unanimous vote,
went on record as being opposed to
the extension of aid to Poland In
the present crisis by the United
States government. The council
appointed a committee to draw
plans for action ln the event that
military preparations are continued. The council calls upon the
American Federation of Labor to
announce Its policy with regard to
American Interference ln the Polish situation. A telegram Bent to
President Gompers Thursday, asks
him to call the executive council of
the A. F. of L„ now sitting in New
York, hearing jurisdictional cases,
Into apeclal session to define the
attitude of American organized
Labor toward participation In the
Strike In Large** Japanese Cotton
Mills —Eleven Unions
Support Strikers
(By the Federated Preu)
Tokio, Japan—The Fuji cotton
mills, the largest of the industry,
looked out 1000 of their striking
workmen, who were kept under
guard ln their company houses..
This brought a sharp conflict between the management and the
workers; 150,000 workingmen, representing eleven unions, supported
the strikers. , They demanded at
their meetings the right of the
workers to organize their union,
particularly at this time when capitalistic Industry discharges the
workers wholesale. The Issue of
the Fuji-dispute was whether or
not the company would recognize
the union of the workmen.
The management of the mills
announced that they were -willing
to aid the workers to the extent of
1500,000 if the workers cease to
demand their claims collectively
through the union. The workers
flatly refused the offers ot the com*
pany and struck. Baron Shibu-
sawa and others are trying to
bring about a settlement.
CUte Fritnd of Sammy Oompen)
Helps to Repudiate Convention Resolution
.   .    (By Laurence Todd)
(Federated   Preaa   Coreipondent)
■ New Tork, Auc. 11.—A altuatlon
la which cordial feeling had already been iadly atralned Ms
heen made worse by the latent pol
aon aaa attack upon the Big Four
train service brotherhoods and
the Plumb plan. An article signed
by a metropolitan newswrlter who
is elose to President Gompers of
the A. F. of I/., and aent from Atlantic City, where the A. F of L.
•xeeutelva council haa Just held
its meeting, virtually repudiates
for the council the 29,000 to 8,000
vote by whloh the federation's
convention at Montreal approval
jthe Plumb plan principle,
> This article ls based upon the
incident of tho withdrawal of the
application of the Brotherhood of
.Locomotive Engineers for affiliation with the A. F. of h„ and the
refusal of the council to approve
the afllliation of the Order of Ball-
way Conductors with tKo Jurisdiction they claim.
Kidnappers   of   Christophers Are to Stand
Five of seven men arrested n
connection with the kidnapping of
P. Mt Christophers, organizer for
the O. B. U., have been sent up
for trial. The case was opened
Monday at Blenfait, Sask., aiid
after a hearing on the case,
Thomas Munro and George Hunter were sent up for trial on Tuesday,-and on Wednesday, Sam. Dryden, president of the Eetevan G.
W. V. A., James Clarke and Amos
Gough were sent up for trialt Two
others, Roy Thompson and Tom'
Jones, who were arrested after the
original arrests of the former five,
were dismissed.
The men are out on ball of $10,
000 each.
(By Tha Federated Press)
Vienna, July 18 (by mail, via N,
T. Bureau)—Further confirmation
of the numerous reports of anuses
of political prisoners ln Hungary,
by the jailers of the Horthy government is found in a secret order
issued last month by General Dan!,
the military commandant of Budapest, showing that every effort was
being made by the Hungarian
White Terrorists to prevent their
victims from getting news of their
mistreatment to the outside world.
A copy of thlB order was obtained
by agents of the Correspondence
Review of this city, and there i.em,
to be no doubt as to its authenticity.
A Regret
In last week's issue two articles.
taken from the London Nation
were published. Inadvertently,
credit was not given to the Nation
for these articles. They were "The
Parasites" and "Sartor Resartus;'**
Calls for a Strike to Prevent Shipment  of Munitions to
(By The Federated Press '
New York—How eager the Polish workers afflliated with Communist Party Have been for the
advance of the Red army, and
how ready they are to establish a,
Soviet Republic at Warsaw, Is made
clear by the -proclamation Issued
to the. workers of ail countries by
the central committee of the Polish Comunlst Party, text of which'
has Just reached this country. '
This proclamation calls upon
the workers of Europe and America to assist the Polish workerB in
breaking the chains of landowners' government at Wursaw. It
calls for a boycott and strike which
shall prevent the shipment of munitions and all other aid to the
reactionary regime headed by Pll-
Ontario Movement Pre-
*  pare to Organize Na-
- tional Movement
\ The Farmers and Labor of Ontario are alive to the fact that to
Jiold the gains they have already
made In the provincial field they
■must orfianlze for the Dominion
arena. With this 'purpose in view,
representatives of the Farmers
and Labor met in Toronto last week
and decided to issue a call for a
^conference of representatives of
iFarmer and Labor from every province in Canada for the purpose of
forming a National Farmer-Labor
(Party to be ready for the next Dominion general election. Circular
IJetters will be sent to secretaries
•Of the Labor parties throughout
iCanada. There are many questions
to be solved in connection with the
rnew party and It will be necessary
•tor the delegates east, and west to
get together at once and arrive at
a solution so that Farmer and Labor ln each province will be united
on a basis of co-operation and solidarity. The Nova Scotia Labor
Party has discussed this question
for some time, and now that Ontario has rnoAo a move, it will not
be long before the workers of east
and west and central Canada will
be united In one great Farmer-Labor Party of Canada.—Halifax
I A labor candidate was recently
returned In England unopposed, as
the government did not think that
the time was propitious for an election,
Be sure to notify the post office
as soon as you change your address.
Opens Bakery
. J. W. Hogg, who for a considerable time was secretary and business agent of the Bakery Workers
Union of this city, has opened a
bake shop at 522 Broadway East.
Prevented    Passage    of    Noxious
j Class Legislation la
(By The Federated Press.)
Milwaukee—Pointing out the importance of political action for the
working class, Assemblyman Edward Knappe, said that lt waB due
to the presence tn the last legislature of the 20 Socialists that Wisconsin was spared a disgraceful
ami-syndicalism law, such as was
passed In Illinois and under which
Bross Lloyd, Chicago millionaire,
and other members of the Communist pnrty have Just been convicted.
The disreputable measure In Wisconsin's cose was known as the Nye
bill, It was essentially as un-
American as the one passed In Illinois and went through the state
senate in the last session without
trouble as the Republican and
Democrats were In complete control. When it got to the house,
however, thc Socialist members at
once attacked it and put up a flght
that It went to demise.    *
Eighty-three   Per   Cent
Favor New Move
by Ballot
Recent Debate Must Have
Gone Badly Against
Eighty theree per cent, of tha
members of the Winnipeg Street
Rallwaymen's union gave a vote
last Saturday to join the One Big
Union. This organization sent in
Its International charter some time
ago and decided to remain Independent for the time being. The
vote on Saturday gave the' men
a chance to change their former
decision which they did in no uncertain manner.
This wtll greatly strengthen the
O.^B. U. movement tn Winnipeg,
and leaves the International movement with a very small membership, as never a week passes, but
members of International, unions
one by one throw in their lot with
the   One  Big Union.
The action of the Street Rallwaymen, taken right after the debate between the O, B. U. and International representatives in that
city, gives one a pretty good idea
of the strength of the argument
put forth  by  the  International.
Troy«, France—-(By Mall)"—
Runnfhg against a fusion ticket ts
the municipal campaign here, the
entire Sociulist ticket has been selected by a majority of 300. The
municipal council is now composed
of SI Socialists, 12 Fusion members and one Independent Socialist.
New York—The New. York
Clothing Cutters Union of the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of
America opened a co-operative
clothing factory here with the announced intention of manufacturing clothes at prices from 30 to 50
per cent, below those of the average retail stores. Lower prices,
according to the union members,
are due to elimination of middlemen. Branches will be established, It was stated, throughout the
United States,
Will be Held on
Tuesday^ August 24
Corner of Ponderand Howe Streets
Under the auspices of the Defense Committee
will make a report at this meeting on his mission tu thc
*   Old Land in connection with the Russell Appeal case.
His impressions of the British Labor movement will be of
groat interest and all workers should be interested.
A collection will be taken to defray the expenses.
Miners   Score   Government's Action Towards
Coal Situation
(By the Federated Press)
Ottawa, Aug. 10.—(By Mail)—
In deference to the demands of
Canadian manufacturers and others
who claimed to be suffering from
a shortage of coal supplies, F. B.
Carvell, chairman of the Board of
BaUway Commissioners, recently
used his statutory authority to
place an embargo upon the export
of Canadian coal. The executive
board of District 26, United Mine
Workers of America, who represent the Nova Scotia coal fields,
has sent the following protest by
wire to Mr. Carvell:
'The executive board of DiBtrlct
tt, United Mine Workers of Amerf
ca, protest against the govern
ment's embargo on the export of
coal, especially the unreasonable
shutting ott ot coal already loaded
at Port Hastings. This board still
remembers the utter indifference
of your government, when only a
few months ago many miners in
Nova Scotia were working less than
half-time and your government
Importing cheap scab coal from
the United States. Members of
your government, when appealed
to to have the government railways
buy Nova Scotia coal, replied to the
Idle miners,: 'Go and starve.' Mem,
bers of the Railway Commission
also replied, 'crush the wretches,
This Ib to Infsrm you that this
board shall use the powers of our
organization to prevent you from
destroying the markots now available and Bhall Insist that as wide
a market shall be open for our produce as for any other article produced in Canada."
Miners Are Determined to Throw
Off Shackles of U. M. W. A.
The capitulation of the North
American Colliery Co., of Alberta,
after locking out their men for refusing to sign the U. M. W. A.
check-off wlU have considerable
effect upon the convention which
is being planned by the miners of
District No. 1. At meetings held
recently by various locals In the
district resolutions have been
passed asking for a special convention to clean up the situation
In that district. The U. M. W. A.
check-off is a continuous source
of trouble between the miners and
the operators and the sooner this
ls done away with, the sooner will
peace be assured for the. district.
WiU Resist Miners9 Bill
and Work for Nationalization
Be  Prepared  for  Anything, Says Frank
London, England (by mall)—
Speeches by Robert Smillie and
Frank Hodges at the annual meeting of the Northumberland miners
Indicated that the MinerB Federation is prepared for a stern fight
on the new wages demands and on
nationalization and that the federation will refuse to work under
the MineB Bill, now before parliament, which is aimed ai its destruction. Smillie scoffed at reports ln
the .press that nationalization is
dead, saying that nationalization
might come fn another way than
through a goverriment elected for
that purpose. "The miners of this
country may make up their minds
to refuse to produce coal any longer for the maintenance ot private
interests," he said.
Frank Hodges said that unless
some great transformation took
place the economic well-being of
the miners and others dependent
upon them would be seriously prejudiced. The determination of the
miners that the people of the country should not pay the 14s 2d Increase, he said, was thc greatest example of their moral relationship to
the country. "Be prepared for
the hardest fight In your history,"
continued Hodges. "Be prepared
in your organization; be prepared
with your commissariat and your
co-operative movements; be prepared financially; be prepared for
anything that may happen In the
near future. I feci sure that the
forces that are at work are such
that we are in for the gravest period of our history."
Seattle—AllenB held for deportation are largely at the mercy of
the whims of Immigration Inspectors John J. Sullivan, leading Seattle attorney told the congressional sub-committee on immigration
holding hearings here.
War with Japan as a means of
preventing he people settling on the
Pacific coast was urged as a solution of tho yellow alien problem
by Major Bert C. Ross, one of the
group of military men following the
committee around on Its travels.
Jack Kavanagh Addresses
Central Labor
Says tbe British Workers
Havs Fine Machinery
for Action
The feature at the meoting of
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council,-held on Wednesday night,
was an address by J. Kavanagh,
who has just returned from the
Old Land, where he has been doing work for the Winnipeg defense
committee in connection with tho
appeal tn the Russell case. Speaking of the Old Country Labor
movement, he atated that first Impressions of the movement .in tho
Old Country would lead one to bo
of the opinion that it was worse
and more backward than the American movement, but investigation
showed that while ilie workera had
separate unions, they were federated, and really were a series of Industrial organizations, and were
without doubt the finest machinery
on the face of the earth for action.
He pointed out that the members
of these organizations numbered
some six and a half millions, while
the real Industrial workers only
numbered about eight millions. Ho
stated that they fell down In ona
particular, however, owing to
large organisations having their
offices in London, and the smaller
organizations their headquarters in
the Provincial centres, and consequently there was no district cont
trol, and ten or twelve of the
large organizations were working
ou their own, and consequently not
In the best interests of the workers,
Thc Shop Stewards
Referring to the shop stewards'
movement, he stated that this
movement was working to secure
control of the various districts,
which would be free from national
control In many matters. The Ilrst
objective ln this movement was
the control of the workshop, then
the district council, and finally a
national council. He stated that as
far as attendance at the regular
meetings of the local organizations
were concerned, there was as .In
Canada, apathy, but the workers
hold their meetings on the job;.
Educational Work
Referring to the educational
work that Is being done, he stated
that economic and history classes
were1 held. in the mill, mine and
workshop In the noon hour, and
that the Labor colleges were a
powerful factor, and the Plebs.
League was also doing considerable work along these lines. He
said the Labor colleges are financed by the large unions, and the
work of these organizations Is to '
teach men that are sent by their
unions, or In some cases men who
go there voluntarily and pay their
way. These men are becoming
teachers In the various districts.
In a Jocular manner he stated that
the employers had also started an
institution with the object of off-
(Contlnued ondpage 8)
British miners do not now bother with the high cost of living,
but look at the balance sheets of
the mine operators nnd then determine thejr actions.
No Bloodthirsty Stories for Children in School Days Labor
(By The Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. W.—The Minister
for Education ln the Labor Government of New South Wales has
announced that hln Idea of patriotism is not flag worship, and the
preaching of victories on the battlefields. |le states that while he
has charge of the education of the
children of that country, they will
be taught a clean, healthy kind of
patriotism, to love their own country for the good that is In It, not
tho evil, always remembering that
patriotism Is love and honor to humanity and a profound respect for
peace. There Is to be no bloodthirsty stories for children's ears,
and no sword-rattling displays or
saluting of flags under the Labor
Oovernment of New South WuIml
What about renewing your sub?
Will Not Petition Ottawa
Aldeman Heaps of Winnipeg, in
truduced a resolution In the city
council calling on the government
to release the strike lenders now In
gaol, on Monda yevenlng. The yot
Ing resulted In a tie, and was final
ly defeated by Acting-mayor Fow
ler's casting vote.
Serving   From    Five    to   Twenty
Years ln American Penitentiaries—To be Reheard
Chicago.—Thirty-four class war
prisoners may be released from the
Federal penitentiary at Leavenworth lf $16,000 In Liberty Bonds
or other securities is obtained.
United States District Attorney
Clyne of Chicago has agreed to thc
release of the I_ W. W. remaining
In the penltcntfury, pending the
findings In the hearing of thc appeal of the men convicted under
the "Chicago Indictment," on a
blanket ball of $50,000. Of this
sum 135,000 has already been obtained.
All of the thirty-four men who
may be released on this blanket
bail agreement are serving from
five to twenty years.
»#■'—..>■■! »j..« ■■«■■«■ .1 ■■>■«..»„»■■«■■«, t „ t, i«. 11.«,
Increase Over Last Year
Totals Over Twenty-
One Per Cent,
The following Canadian labor
Department tablo shows that the
Increase ln the cost of living has
advanced slightly over 21 per cent.
In the past year.
Increase In average cost in Canada of a weekly family budget by
groups of expenditure from May
If.,  1919, to May 16,  1920: . -
1910 1920
Food        $13.63        $16.65
Fuel      3.02 3.45
Rent        6.08 6.29
Clothing      6.99 7.3$
Sundries      6.43 6.42
Total $33.05       $40.19
Figures for foods, fuel and rent
from the Labor Gazette; figures
for .clothing based upon average
Increases In men's clothing as
shown by prices from several dealers throughout the Dominion; figures for sundries based upon the
average lncreaae in the other
O.B.U. Basket Picnic
At Second Beach
LABOR DAY, Sept. 6th
LUNCH, 1:30 TO 2 P.M.
Tea and Sugar will be provided. Look for the 0. B. V.
Sign. Sports for all PAGE TWO
twelfth yeak. no. 34    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. a
FRIDAY August 80, 1920
Extra Special
200 Men's High Grade Hand
Tailored Suits
in a wide range of colorings and patterns;
tweeds and worsteds; values to $60.00. '
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one ysst's subscription to lit
B. 0. FfldMOtiontot, will bo mailed to
ony address Na' Canada for $28.50
(Good anywhoro ootsidp of Vtncoow
city.) Ordor ton today. Eonlt ykoatoli.
Fineit Pork  Bbould.it,  walgMag
from 5 to 0 lb.., regular 880 lb.
Frills? and S.turd«r, lb. ..S0V4
Sister's Sliced Streakr Bens, Ib. Hs
Slater's Sliced Streakr Baooa, lb, 00s
Slater'a Siloed Arribiro Baok, lb. eoe
Slater'a SUced Ajrnhlre Boll, lb. ..5Jo
Cantsxbary Iamb Spocial
Small Shoulders Canterbury Lamb.
per lb. :   S5V4S
Small teg, Canterbury Lamb, lb. 980
Canterbury Lamb Loins, lb. —.A0Y,e
Csnterb&r'Zamb Stew, lb, IM
Oa Saturday wo will.sell onr fa*
moui plonio heme, regular 880
lb., Friday aad Saturday «»V4o
B. 0. Freih Eggs, dos. —.
Albert* Freeh Eggs. dos. __
Finest Canadian Cheese, lb.
Fineit Oren Bout from lb. —SOS
.Finest Pot Rotit from lb. ...,!«•
Fineit Boneless Prims Bib
Basils, lb ..........!8o
Fineit Boiling Beef, Ib - lie
Fittest Albert*  Creamery  Butter,
reg. 68c, Saturday morning from
I is U a.m., lb.  .680
Slater'a Bed Label Tea, lb <5a
Slater's Green Label Tes, lb 600
Nsbob Tos, Ib 666
Ssrdlnos, 8 for —„.—.—.—.260
Pork and Besni, 8 for —— 860
Tomato Soup, 9-for .— 260
Finest Cooked Ham, lb. —
Finest Veal Lost, lb	
Finest Jellied Tongue, Ib. -
Fineit Corn Beef, lb _
Fineit Head Cheeio, lb	
Finest Luncheon Hsm, lb. .
Fineit Pure Lord, 8 lbs. for —.060
Finest Salt Pork, lb. ......„«6e
Flnut Beef Dripping, lb. 800
Flneet Highland Potatoes, 10
lbi. for ......... .Us
119 Hutinp Ss.     Phono Soy. 3881'
880 Oranrille Ik        Phono Bo/. 881
9260 Hals St.        Phons Fair. 1688
Nabob Jelly Powders, 3 for	
Argood Pickles, bottl* _...___.
Fittest Tomsto Sanos, bottl* .—.
Flnoit Vinegkr, gallon jar	
Pickling Spices, pkts., I for „
Qssker Corn, tin ... —
(Mo Dellrsrr to All Ports ot Oltj
Come From Within-
Great Ones From
Without" TEETH
• The people who have come to me during the
many years of my practice have been as differ,
ent as the range of human nature allows. Each
is a new suggestion—a new success—getting
what is best for him or her alone—contributing
to a standard of bridge-work approached by
few dental offices on this continent.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge SpecUllof
602 HASTINOS ST. W. Cor. Seymonr
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Victory Bonds Taken 1^ Payment
Moderation League
requires money to carry on its activities to a
successful finish.
Its work, so far, has been made possible by private subscription.
The first part of the work so accomplished consisted of organization In every constituency ln the province and the enunciation
o[ the League's objects.
Next, fhe League devoted this organization to getting everybody
possible to register on the voters' list. Xn Vancouver alone,
through Its central ofllce, the city organization put on over 13,000
voters. The organization feels well satisfied from its survey .ot
tho province that a large majority of the men and women of
British Columbia are dissatisfied with tho Prohibition Act and
in favor of moderation.
To make sure of winning, however, every voter in the province
must be supplied with literature and every voter must bc got to
the polls.
To do this costs money.
Many supporters' of moderation can only be reached by publio
advertisement, and the executive is issuing this appeal in full
confidence thut lt will meet at once with a full and hearty response from all those men and women who are for roal temperance—temperance with liberty.
This is to be a popular subscription, no amount too small or toe
large. Send your subscription to the treasurer, Moderation
League,'418 Hastings street west, Vancouver.
Vancouvor. City Organization Committee:
MA'JOR SflYDER, Chairman
British Labor Delegates   Li
Report on the White ~
Terror in Hungary
SO MANT stories havo appeared
of a contradictory nature as
to the white terror ln Hungary, that only authentic data can
Kin any definite idea Just om to
how much truth there has been In
the various accounts. To this eqd
we publish ttae full report of the
British Labor delegation, which
made Investigations on the ground.
It Is possibly the ojily official report that has been published, and
can be accepted as bejng an unex-
aggerated view on the situation.
The report ls as follows:
(1) In consequence of allegations
of persecutions of the working
classes ln Hungary, Mr. Arthur
Henderson and Mr. C. W. Bowerman, acting for the T, U. C. and
the Labor Party, dispatched long
telegrams of protest on the subject. These were forwarded to,
among others, the Prime Minister
of Hungary, who replied 'denying
the charges and inviting a delegation to visit Hungary and Inquire
on the spot.*
•See Appendix I. *
(2) A joint delegation was appointed by the T. U. C. and the
Labor Party, consisting of Colonel
Wedgwood, M. P., Messrs. F. W.
Jowett, W. Harris, Stuart Bunning
and Williams.
(1) The delegation travelled
through Vienna to Budapest, and
heard many statements and
charges against the Hungarian
Oovernment from refugees at Vienna. These may be summarized
as follows: (1) Political persecution of ail who do not support the
Horthy rule. (3) Suppression of
trade unionism and the right to
8trlke. (3) Anti-Semitism. (4)
Massacres, executions, and .Imprisonments, both under form of law
and without form of law. (6)
Torture of prisoners and ill-treatment In prisons. («) Detention for
long periods without trial.
(4) The above are different kinds
of Charges, but there was a general
charge Miat Governor Horthy was'
welt awiire of these crimes, and
that he encouraged them. It was
also stated that the attitude of the
British representatives In Budapest, both civil and military, made
the situation worse and strengthened the hands of the Terror bands.
(5) At Budapest the delegation,
either together or ln sections, visited the Governor, the Prime Minister, Baron Telekl, Count Apponyl,
and one of the judges of the High
Court, the British High Commissioner, General Gorton, the Social
Democratic Party, the Miners' and
Musicians' trade unions, in addition
to receiving anyone who offered to
give evidence, and of these there
was a large number.
The Hungarian Government gave
us permission to go anywhere we
wished, and placed two officials at
our disposal.
(6) Owing to the calls on the
time of the delegation visits to, the
villages and country towns were al-,
most impossible, but two members
visited Szolnok, a town of some
30,000 Inhabitants, and Abonyl, a
large village. A visit was arranged to Debreczln, another large
town, but the trait} service, compelled Its abandonment.
(7) In and around Budapest the
delegation visited the Kelenfold
and Nador barracks, the Marko
Gasse, and the Marylt Korut (civil
side only). It was impossible to
visit Maria Nostra, the women'a
prison, owing to the distance.
> We saw Commissaries Czobel,
Kalmar, Haulbrlch, and Agoston ln
prison, and were able to talk freely In English to the last named.
He complained that a safe conduct
granted to him by General Gorton,
the head of the British Military
Mission, had been violated.
(S) The charge'against General
Gorton in the cose of Peter Agoston Is Important as bearing on
British prestige ln Hungary. Agoston was employed by the Bela Kun
Government in Vienna, and was in
Budapest when the Communist
relgn ended. He was a member
of the Pledel Government, which
succeeded the Bela Kun Government, which was set up under the
influence of Sir Thomas Cunningham, A few days after the establishment of the Friedrichs Government, which succeeded the Pledel
Government, Agoston was arrested,
but was liberated on the representations of General Gorton. The
general wrote a letter to Madame
Agoston as follows:—
"Hotel Ritz, August 9, 1919.
"Dear Madame Agoston,—I
dined with General Holban last
night, and asked him as a personal favor to place a guard outside your house, aa you were
afraid for your husband's safety.
He said that he could hot give a
guard, but that the polico had
been ordered to protect the
house, and that there was no occasion for your anxiety.
"I hope you will be quite reassured now ti)§t   I    have    the
promise of the government and.
of Goneral Holban, to whom and
to yourself I send my kindest regards, and beg to remain,
"Yours sincerely,
Later the general was Informed
by the Hungarian Government that
Agoston was charged    with    civil
offences which could not be covered by a safe conduct granted for
political offences.   The general demanded a copy   ot   the   precise
charges    against   Afoston.    These
were furnished.   The general took
legal and expert advice on the matter, and being Informed that the
offences were such as came under
the civil law In   Hungary,   withdrew his safe conduct and Agoston
waa arrested.     He ls now ln prison
awaiting trial.
We feel bound to express our
great regret at the action of Genoral Gorton. The withdrawal of a
safe conduct granted by a British
officer is, in our opinion, only justified where it is perfectly clear
that It should no longer be held to
be valid. This is not so ln the
AgosLon case. The offerees charged
against Agoston were (1) anterior
to the guarantees given by Sir
Thomas Cunningham, and (2) were
all connected with acts said to bo
done by, or with, the sanction of
tho Bela Kun Government, They
should, ln our opinion, be regarded as political offences, and we desire the attention of the government directed to the matter.
(9) In consequence of certain allegations, two of our party visited
Szolnok,   The following Is the om
clal story given by the governor of
the prison and demanded the surrender of. 19 men. The governor
inquired why the demand was
made at so late an hour (9 p.m.)
and was informed that the military
Inquiry must take place that night.
The ostensible reason for demanding the men wag that a week or so
previously the military had made
an inspection of the prison and discovered evidence of a plot among
the prisoners In connection with
May 1.
We were shown certain marks
on the walls whicli were said to
have afforded communication, to
the prisoners and an Ingenious contrivance for opening a. celt door.
The demand being in order, the
prisoners were surrendered, and of
the 19 only three were Jews, A
day or two later the governor asked the military, at first orally and
then by written application, for the
return* of some of the prisoners, as
their trials were at hand. He was
Informed that they were all dead,
having mutinied against the guard.
This Is the official story, and we
are unable to accept, as even remotely probable, that the prisoners
revolted in the way suggested. The
death of tho men, and their burial
the same night, Is officially admitted, and we can only conclude that
they were illegally killed by the
Some arrests were made ln J3«ol-
nok at the same time, but we could
gain no further information as to
(10) At a large village called
Abonyl we saw Dr. Hirn, who
stated ln the presence of an Hungarian Government official that it
was Impossible to get justice for
any Jew who had been attacked
and beaten. Dr. Hirn is a medical
man with a large practice and apparently of good standing. He fled
to Budapest, fearing a pogrom, t>ut
returned to Abonyl. His. actual
complaint was that his son-in-law
had been brutally beaten, hla own
windows, along with those of other
Jews, broken, and that the Jows
were generally ill-treated.
(11)- Raids are ot frequent occurrence, and on May 33 the offices
of the Legal Department of the Social Democratic Party were raidod
at midnight and aU the papers relating to the defonse bf some hundreds of prisoners were takon
away. As a consequence the ;;N?P-
sava" announced that the Loaal
Department must close, butjj i#fl
announcement was mode ln^vgpy
guarded language, for -fear qf, jib e
censor. nfi-jt
Thla struck ua as * very, b?d
case. The time of the raid(lTOi*st
be noted, but a more serlou^hing
Is that the statements of wltjmjpns,
with thetr names, are now. \i}_ tpe
hands of the military. The injustice and hardship to the prisoners
accused andl the inconvenience .to
their counsel is obvious, but a, pore
serious thing la the'danger (jo''.witnesses and the probability th^tno
further evidence can be obtained
because of fear of further raji^s,'
Tho position now seems ^* be
that.only such accused, as can
afford to employ private lawyers
will be able to defend their cases,
and that poor prisoners will be undefended.
(12) Two of our party heard'the
crier In a village announce that
anyone who*could communicate Information as to Communists waB to
report at once. It is to be remembered that the Communist Government felt nearly ten months %go.
It will be seen, therefore, that the
Govornment is taking very '^trlct
measures against alleged Communists, and it is Illuminating to note
that in no fewer than 14,000 cases
the proceedings were quashed,, but
In many of these cases the suspected persons had been in prison for
months, and many of them alleged
gross 111-treatment.
(13) It appears to us that the civil
authorities exercise thetr powers
wtth great strictness and severity,
but no general charge of brutal
treatment of recent date was made
against the civil prison officials.
The position of the military is.not
so clear. We have referred to
the fact that inquiries into the conduct of officers apparently have no
result, and one of the contributing
causes of the trouble in Hungary
is the special and privileged position of the military.
(14) In dealing with the Bra-
chtalgewalt, which ls the body
charged wtth systematic atrocity,
wo were told that some of the detachments are excellent. Of others,
it appears to be true that they
have beaten, tortured, and murdered. The government, tn our
opinion, Bhould have placed this
.body under the control of the civil
authorities, and its failure to do
so ls one of the chief cause* of
atrocities, In connection with this
it must be borne in mind .that demobilized officers retain their uniforms and wear thetr swords, and
lt Is probable that some of the terror bands are' formed by ex-officers
who are not even Brachlalgewalt:
but tf this body was dissolved lt
would be more difficult for such
bands to operate. Neither Is pit
possible to Ignore the suggestion
that private revenge and desire for
loot play thetr part ln the affair,
and as the persecuted persons, c^p-
not tell whether or not they are being attacked by the Brachlalgewalt,
which enjoys the protection of the
military, it will be seen that resistance is Useless, for an assault on
an officer Is a most serious offence.
(16) It was admitted that, tho
prisons were very much overcrowded, the reasons given being
that some of the* larger prisons
ware in territory taken away ftopi
Hungary, and the large number of
poople accusod of crimes under
communism. At the Nador.barracks In Budapest the conditions
were very bad. The cells, in which,
we were Informed, as many as four
men were confined, were small and
very dark. Only in one coll,
which was somewhat larger than
the others, was there a window. In
the othors, the only light came
through an opening above the door.
The cells opened on a corridor, and
whon the doors were closed the
colls were almost wholly dark.
There were no visible signs of Ill-
treatment on the prisonors we saw,
and the officer In charge said that
corporal pun|phment wa„ only inflicted for distinct prison offences
which justified such punishment.
It Is of Interest to note that a'do-
lay of somo five hours took place
The Truth About
Conditions in Germany
*» <By Arthur Ponsontiy, In   the Glasgow Forward)
THERE la a very prevalent Idea
that Germany is rapidly recovering and settling down,
that conditions In Germany are
quite tolerable, and that German
representatives are simply trying
to evade the Jteftns of the Peace
Treaty from reasons of malice and
cunning. Considering the absence
of information in the newspapers,
or rather considering the misrepresentation which abounds, it is
not surprising that people should
be blind to the dangerous situation
in Central  Europe.
By personal Investigation on the
spot I have been able to gather
facts which may bo epitomised as
1,—The whole ot the industrial
population of Germany la insufficiently fed,- Tuberculosis and rickets are on the increase; prices are
so high that necessary clothing Is
beyond the reach of the people of
small meana, no children over 4
years of age and no adults can get
milk. » '
2.—The cause of thia Is the
small number of cows and the absence of feeding stuffs for cattle
and of manures; the lack of sufficient transport; the almost entire
want of fata, there being no food
for the plga.
3.—Industry Is at a standstill
owing to the dearth of coal and
raw material and the need of commercial shipping.
4.—Unemployment la rapidly on
the Increase and strikes are Imminent.    .
S.—Hunger and want are producing a listless and despondent
mental attitude, which makes the
work that ts done very inferior and
leads to discontent and unrest,
The thin emaciated appearance
and the depressed air ot the population In the towns is very noticeable,
6.—The exchange is still so high
that trade with foreign countries
Is practically impossible.
7.—The Government" la very Inr
secure—only juat tolerated, and
may be pulled down at any moment by the extremists of the
Right or Lett. There ls no security anywhere, and an outbreak
on one aide or the other Is always
being expected.'
I could add many other Items,
but this will suffice to show that
war la still being waged againat
the beaten foe. There can be no
improvement whatever so long aa
the Allies insist on the rigid fulfilment of the terms of the vindictive Peace Treaty and ae long
as each succeeding German Governments treated with indignity
and dictated to with offensive
The "serve -them - jolly - well-
right" brigade in thia country cannot be appealed to on moral
grounds. It Is useless to say to
them that in honour and Justice
we ought not to continue to stamp
on a downtrodden foe nearly two
years after the' war is over. They
are not equipped to understand
moral arguments. So let an appeal
to them on material considerations
ot self-Interest and expediency.
Do they realise that so long aa
Germany Is fettered down in the
dust by the terms of the Treaty
of Versailles there will be a waste,
a leakage, a festering uloer In Europe which must prevent all other
countries from recovering? Do
they see that discontent accentuated by want ln Central Europe
must lead to outbreaks of violence,
the further spreading of which into other countries no frontier armies can stop? Do they understand
that the break up of the carefully
organised sanitary cordons on the
East frontier of Germany is going
to lead to the spread of typhus and
cholera, which haa now a splendid
channel in the Polish corridor
through which they can disgorge
themselves over te rest of Europe?
Are they aware of the'Concerted
plans of French militarists to Install themselves permanently ln
the occupied areaa so aa to secure
a Rhine frontier and to advance
at the smallest provocation further
into Germany with a view to bringing about the disruption of the
German Empire? And do they approve of thousands or millions of
marks which might help lo pay the
indemnity or restore the- devastated areas of France being spent on
an army of occupation composed
largely of black troops, who are the
terror of the districts, or the brothels which have to be erected ln
the towns for them, and on the
lavishly extravagant furnlahing of
between our request to visit the
prison and our being able to do so.
(16) Special attention is directed
to the forthcoming trial of the ten
peojslo's Commissaries—head of the
Communist regime. Most of the
leaders of the Corpmune fled to
Vienna. Only the moderates remained In Pesth, or those who had
been Induced to return there by the
Allies ln order to help rorm a
Coalition Government after the fall
of the Commune. The military's
action In seising the documents
necessary for thetr defense we refer to elsewhere, but we repeat lt,
as tn our view lt has gravely Impaired their opportunities for defense. They are Individually or
collectively held responsible for
176 murders (or for forging paper
money.) The government allege
that they have not yet got all the
names of those executed or murdered during the Commune, but
they have taken every available
step to get such cases or the
names of those vfrho have vanished;
so they will have mode their accusation as strong and as wide as
possible. But in our view there
is no justification for calling for tho
death sentence on those who simply took part In the Communist
Government, especially when it is
remembered that several armed
counter-revolutions wero attempted and suppressed by the defacto
Many Massacres
(17) The Commune came to an
end on August 1, 1919, A few days
later the Roumanians entered
Budapest, and the national army of
Admiral Horthy moved from Seged
Into that part of Hungary which
had been under the Commune to
the south of the Roumanians.
There were ln August, in those
parts, many massacres ot Communists by officers and men of
the national army and their Brachlalgewalt. Theso are admitted.
An Inquiry held Into the Kecskemet
massacre showed that Lieutenant
HeJJas was responsible, though no
one waa punished. The French authorities photographed the mutilated corpse of Muller. The affair
at Sselszard was doscribed to us as
typical,'and as we have the photograph of the vlctima we may say
shortly-that six of those photographed wete hanged Immediately
after the photo was taken, and the
other Ave and tlfe woman were
finished off a week later. They
were the Commune Directorate of
the town. Thirty-six altogether
were killed at this place.
(18) It la with more recent
manifestations of the Terror that
we are concerned. We examined
with care a few of the recent cases
that were brought to our notice,
and where possible we got the gov-
ernmunt side of the case, or, at)
least, asked for it.
Editors Murdered
The murder of the editors of tho
"Nepsava is too well known to require special attention. Although
the officers took little or no care
to conceal their identity, the official version after the quashing ot
the Inquiry y/oa that the murder
was the work of "agents provocateurs" dressed up as officers. It
wa3 stated to us, that the "agents
provocateurs'* were sometimes
Communists, sometimes awakening
Hungarians, Inspired by Herr
Friedrichs In order to embarrass
the government,
In the following cases we have
confined ourselves to the evidence
of eye-witnesses or victims, whom
we have carofully examined, but
obviously we were rarely able to
obtain corroboration of the statements.
Note—In most cases letters have
boen    substituted    for    tho    real
names, which are ln our possesion.
(19) A, B.—We were toll that
throe or four had recently been
murdered near Kecskemet, one being burled alive, A. B, camo to
us and gave the following account:
Ho was a vineyard   proprleto'r   at
 , near ——,   A^out midnight
on April 24-26 a band of soldiors
came to hla house and demanded
admlsaion.   He asked tor thetr au
thorization, barred the door, and
rang up hla neighbor on the telephone to get help. The aoldiers
flred through the window, wounded him and killed his wife. He
made an officlatcompiaint, but was
finally told that it was a military
matter, and nothing could be done.
Officers came on subsequent daya,
while he was in Pesth whore he
had fled, and took from hla servants h18 wagon, wine, and three
guns, telling him 'that if he wanted
the guns back he could come to
an address In Kecskemet. He re-
peatod this story to the two officers wt)0 were deputed to take us
round. We think they did not believe him, saying that he must have
known that the addresa tho soldiers
gave was the barracks at Kecskemet.
We gave details of this caae to
Judge Wolf, and he promised to
have-the matter looked Into, and
to let us know the result, but we
have heard nothing.
The murders round Szolnok and
Kecskemet were alleged to be the
work of the HeJjas band, but we
were told that the Pronay bands
were operating further east in tho
trans-Thelss area, three villages
east of the river being specially
(20) X. Y. and Z.. We have
the sworn statement of X. T„ and
we cross-examined his father, W,
Y„ formerly Lord Lieutenant
(Obergespaan) .of the county under Count Karoly's Government, on
his son's statement. X. T. and
eight other men were seized on the
streets of Szolnok on April 26 by
Lieut. Molnar. At the sugar milt
they were thrashed with clubs.
After dark thoy were taken to a
cellar in a chateau In the forest
of Orgovany. He was brought up
before Lieut Molnar and beaten
till unconscious, because he would
not say where his father was. Each
prisoner au ho Was brought up was
beaten. Other prisoners were
brought from Szolnok, and the
beatings continued daily. On the
29th and 30th three Jews were released. On May 8 the rest were
sent by train to be Interned ut
Hajmasker Camp, where they were
examined by the prison doctor.
X. Y. was •then released, and re-
turnedxhome. But two, Bela Kl-
raly aud Geza Hay, wore left at the
chuteau, "beaten half to death."
We asked the Staatsanwalt of
Szolnok where these two were, He
did not know, but told us that Hay
was a bad man, with six charges
against htm. He was not one of
the nineteen taken from the gaol.
Wo saw privately one of the three
Jews mentioned above, but he was
too frightened to say more tban
"I know nothing," which he kept
on repeating till we %got out of
the house. We thought lt inadvisable to see X,, Y. himself or the
Catholic Sacristan who was described to us aa beaten. The Lord
Lieutenant, Llpplch, was reported
to us to have gone to Buda Pesth
to complain of the anarchy; but
the Staatsanwalt, while admitting
that he had gone, said he did not
know why, but thought it must
have been.on private business.
General Apologized
(21) O. P., a Cheko-Slovaklan,
had old enemies ln tho Hungarian
White army. On May 4 a party
of Hungarians from Munhacs
crossed the frontier and kidnapped
him. The commander of the
French Military Mission heard of
the affair; an Inquiry was held by
the Hungarian General Nagy. The
general apologized for the action
of his officers, and ordered them
to return Horwltz within twenty-
four hours, But be has not been
returned, and cannot be found. The
Hungarian Government have not
replied to our request for \he general's report;, but the Minister for
Foreign Affairs happened to mention tho case to one of your delegates aa an example of how the
Awakening Hungarians embarrassed the government. The Cbeko-
Slovakian Government tell us that
their plenipotentiary at Budapest
waa directed to protest, and this
confirm.1, our relation of an outrage.
(To be continued)
Are Attracting Attention
'And little wonder I While the Autumn vogue leaps to no
extreme, these coats show the niceties of new ideal to
perfection. Originality is the keynote ot both half and
three-quarter length models. Sport coats are an advanced
development of the Summer's most favored styles. They
give new standards of dress to women who take advantage of a very exceptional offeripg.
From Maker The Home ol
to Wearer Authentic Style
Sou Granville
castle, and villas (or French officers?
No. Probably ther know none
of thes. things, and If they did they
would repeat again "servo them
Jolly well right." Tho poison of
hate which militarists manufacture
ln war time and pump Into tho people as stimulant for their patriotism has operated too successfully.
It will take a generation before
tta hideous contamination of the
soul of the people is finished with.
In Germany, curiously onough,
having overthrown the militarists
they havo brushed away their lies
with them, and no rancour Is felt
and no Indignation displayed
against tho British people, This
does not Includo tho British Oovernment, who they think does not
represent the people. Thero thoy
are right. A Oovernment and a
Parliament which does represent
the peoplo Is the only hope fpr tho
futuro of Kurope and of thoir
country. That It our businoss.
That ls where we can help.
Pritchard's Address, to tbe Jury.
Copleu of Pritcliardti address to
the jury can now be secured at tbo
Federatlonist Office. Ths words
of Prltchard, when addressing tbe
Jury at Winnipeg will go down ln
history as a part of tbe strugglo in
human society for liberty. Every
worker should hare a copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
SS cents.
Olvs a littlo encouragement te
our advertisers. /
Can You
Beat These
SUGAR—B. C. Yellow, $18.00
per 100 lbs.; 19c a pound.
B. C. Granulated, 24c per lb.
(23.50 per 100 lbs.
for 80o
CORN SYRUP— 6 lb. can SSo
FLOUR — Royal Standard.
Five Roses and Robin
Hood—10-lb. sacks ...»3.»0
ROLLED OATS—6-lb. sacks
for 47c
.CREAM—2 large Cans ..25o
Per can SSo..
special quality, 11 lbs. ..85o
ONIONS, Silver Skinned, very
line, 7 lbs 25o
SALMON, half-pound tins,
pink, 3 for 25o
BEANS, 3 for  250
for 25o
for  250
TOILET PAPER, I tor ...25s
The Home of Quality
Seymour 12CS
Fhns Stymnu Till
nut nm, wwii asiMisf, v»
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satis*
factory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
oat, 'we will remove what
ooal is left and charge yon
nothing for what you hart
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour Ull aad 165
Greateit Stock ol
In Greater Vancourer
Replete In every detail
*4-CJK JO» ASK ros
and Non-alcoholic wins ef an
tabor Power Regenerated
—at tho—
Meals of the Best-Prices
P. Gibb
, 57 Oordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
AU Royal Crown Product*
carry Coupons, redeemable]
for useful article*.!
' THeX "ZS. day" ""*• yOU ™* » ** * «°°" -
Whether you aro a dlsclpl. „f Isaac Walton or a baseball on-
thuslast, we are here to take care of your every need. Wo have
S x\mS « ? u,f hl*h-&"»>° ashing tackle and sporting goods
in British Columbia, all moderately priced.
all stands
Westminster Brewery 0a, IBIS FAOB IS PUD  FOB BY IHB
OF TBE 0. B. V.
wobkbbs van ot aaa o.a.t
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Camp Reports
(Weekly Bulletin)
Felllw Workera:
There hu at yet been no aettle-
mtent with the following outfits
that have gone broke ln the logging game: • McDonald at Barrier,
B. C; Stcunoug Saw Mills, at Bic-
amouB, B. C; North River Lbr.
Co., Thunder River, B. C; and
Rutan'B Saw Mill, at Falkland, B.
C. Beware of the Jlpo loggers and
see that they pay you every two
weeks according, to the laws of the
Province of British Columbia.
It has been reported that the
conditions at the Royal Inland
Hospital are outrageous, that the
patients are very poorly fed and
the dishes are ln a very unsanitary
condition at times. And also that
patients in there under the Compensation Board are turned out
long before they are able to go
to work. What are the workers
paying compensation for If It Is not
to protect them while injured.
Lard Anglesey Fruit Ranch is
reported ao having awfully poor
conditions. There are no beds for
the men to Ue down in after a hard
day's work, and there are no ba-
■lam to wash In. The food is of
tho poorest kind, and nobody to
,oook It when It comes. Mow fellow-workers, aro you wing to
•tand for theso rotten conditions
and let the employing class nap
the product of your labor and
give you nothing In return but
long hours, poor conditions and
nothing to eat.?
Regarding tho Organisation. In
view of the faot that I was sent
out by request of tho Executive
Board of this district to try and
get more delegates on the Job, and
to visit new camps that have been
started In this district, where there
' tre no delegates, snd very lew union men. At Enderby I met a lot of
union men who were very much
opposed to having a man out on
the road. They claim that they
are fully able to do all the organ.
king that Is to be done ln this dlstriot. Now I beg to differ a little
from their views.* A bigger effort
■hould be made to -get this district solid than to grouch about
the expenudlture of a few dollars
for organisation. Thoro aro a lot
of 10-hour camps ln this district,
and these same men will not go by
an 8-hour oamp to go Into a 10-
- hour camp, so how are they going
to organize the slaves In this dlstriot. I also heard that tHe recent
ballot had not been counted right
Now, fellow-workers, don't you
think that If wo all tried to work
together for tho common cause, in
place of some fellow worker who
thinks that he has a grievance,
and voices that thought moBtly
when under the Influence of old
John Barleycorn, which was very
much In evidence In Enderby and
Vernon amongst good, union men,
There were about 25 men left
the Douglas Lake Ranch last Sunday when they asked for the small
Increase of $1.00 per day, and were
refused. They were getting $3.00
and $3.60, and asked for $4.00 and
'$4.60 for a ten hour day. It was
also reported that the board Is
very poor, and that the bunk
houses are full of cooties and bed
bugs. There are a few Indians on
the job but the Chink cooks came
out with the men.
There have been a number of
men go out fighting forest fires at
Notch Hill, Sicamous, Enderby,
Three Valley, and at Wire Cache,
on the North Thompson River.
There has been another walk-out
at the Northern Construction Co.'s
eamp at the Barrier River. In the
road camp the men are asking for
tho $6.00 minimum wage for an
eight hour day. This being refused. They also asked for springs
ana mattresses which the company
■aid they had ordered, but would
not furnish till the road had been
finished and their camps completed.
Two or three men stayed on the
Job, but about twenty men came
down to Kamloops and all went out
fighting flre.
Some of the ranchers in the district are now paying   $4.60   and
$6.00 per day for men to work In
tho   hay   fields.    There   are   not
many men in town at present.
. Xamloops Dlstrtci.
There has been a walk-out at
Uie Northern Construction Co.'s
Camp at Barrier, B. C, the men
uklng for the $6.00 minimum
■rage, and being refused, they came
lo town. The men asked to, have
the spring beds and mattresses in
■tailed and were told that they
had been ordered, but would not
ffsneral Hflftdqnsrteri:
Vaaeoavar, B. 0.; B. Wlnek, 01 Oor-
dots Stmt Wsil *
J. B. ThOBpion,
Cranbrook, B,
Box 11.
Granbroak    Dlitrlet—Legal
vlier:   Qaorgn Sprnll,
Xamleapa, B, O.; J. L. Petersen, Boa
118, S Victoria Street.
Kami, B. 0.; W. 8. Minor, Box 6.
■•lion. B. O.i B. Barrow, Qeseral
Meeting! ire held In the O, B, V,
Hall, Biker Street, Nelion, on tho
flnt and third  Sunday of each
month it 8 p.m.
Prince Oeorge, 8. 0.; O. F. Xorrlioa,
Drawer 80.
Prince Bupert, B. O.; 3. B. Barroogh,
Box 838. *
Vaneourer, B. 0.; >. M. Clarke, 61
Cordon Street Waat.
Victoria. B. <M J. O. Bunker. 1484
OoTornment Street.
Bdmonton,  Alta.;   O.  Berg,  10883—
lOlrt Street Beat
n* '".Manitoba—Oae. Tether.
General Delivery..
Winnipeg, Maa.; Lamherworkera' Union, 186 Xoary Avenue.
Oeenrane, Ont.; B. OrudolL General
Fort Francis, Onl.;  8. O. ML Box
800, Wabitar Hall.
Sudbury, Onl; B. Gaartta, Bex 1681.
Linger Stroet.
Montreal; 0. Bluetts, 86 li Xaaront
be put In before tho road had been
finished, which will tako about
three montha. Then they would
put them ln their new camps.
This ls the second walk-out the.
company has had ln the last six
weeks, owing to lack of conditions
and small wages. Some of the
men are sleeping ln the opening
at the Company mill, the bed bugs
being so bad that the men cannot
sleep ln the bunk houses, and the
board Is reported as being very
poor. How do tho employing class
flgure on keeping men under such
up and take tho reins In his own
hands, That you can do by joining an organisation that ls built by
tho workers, and ruled by them according to thoir needs,
ORO. NO. 8128.
Douglas  ft Cowan's Camp,   Blue
^       Rivor •
Report of meeting held on August llth, 1920.
Moved and seconded that committee be appointed *to interview employers on the question of blankets, a committee of three men being elected. The employer's answer was that any new men coming
into camp will be funrnlshed with
blankets, and that no men shall
be hired for this camp with blankets, and that men with blankets
shall continue to use their own
blankets. This was O. K.'d by all
Moved and seconded that this
shall be a 100 per cent. Union
camp, and that no man shall work
here If he does not carry a Union
Temporary camp* conditions
fairly good, all men ln union, six
bunk houses, single steel beds,
springs, mattresses,, no blankets
furnished. Men are approaching
the company to supply bedding for
new camp which is to start building ln the near future up the
No bath house. Working conditions fair, level ground, one side
ground yarding cedar, spruce and
hemlock, mosquitoes plentiful,
eight.hours on the Job. operations
across the river, ride on gaa boat
to and from work, about one-half
mile. Board Is $1.60 per day, satisfactory since new cook arrived,
We were badly handicapped for a
whole week prior to his coming,
a draw-back on cooks owing to
lack of proper conveniences in
kitchen, and bum stove. Company
thinks stove will do until claim is
logged off. Food stuffs supplied
are first-grade meats, vegetables
and fruit. Drinking water is
brought across river from creek
with gas boat. Monthly pay day
with certified cheques. One boat
a week, Union 8. S. Co., fare alone,
$6.10.' Room for Improvements,
but owing to tho short duration of
operations at this camp, the de
clsion ts to let It itand.
Above report li sanctioned and
authorised for publication.
Genoa Bay Logging Co., Cowichan
Lake, Vancouver Bland
This Is a good camp to be In,
the company having complied with
practically all demands made upon
them; all single iron beds with
springs, mattresses, blankets,
sheets and pillows; sheets and pillow-slips are washed every week,
Wa have an excellent cook and
good board. Nearly all earthen
ware table-service and plenty of
help in the kitchen. The foreman
ls a Union man, and we walk one
way on company time. No Chinese
employed, and Union wages paid,
No one has any complaints to
make, so' it looks as though the
boys were fairly well satisfied.
DELEGATE   No.   602.
At ft recent meeting of the district membership of the Lumber,
Camp ft Agricultural Workers' Department of the O. B. U., the following motion was adopted:
. "Whereas the conditions under
which the migratory workers obtain their llvihood make lt imperative that particular attention be
given. to their needs both on the
job and aa a section of the O..B.
U. Labor movement, and
Whereas only those workers
themselves can properly understand and attend to their needs
and requirements, which understanding and 'attention would be
impossible If the organization is
divided into geographical divisions
without direct linking up in accordance with the special needs of
these workers,
"Therefore be it resolved:—That
we endorse-the action of the General Convention ln formlg a Lumber, Camp ft Agricultural Workers' Department of the O. B. U„
by which means interlocking sections of the migratory workers
will be enabled to most effectively
attend to their special job interests, and
"Be it further resolved, that we
suggest to Cochrane, Port Arthur,
Fort Francis. Winnipeg, The PaB,
and other districts that may crop
up east of'Saskatoon and west of
Winnipeg, and who are a part of
the Lumber, Camp & Agricultural
Workers' Department of the O. B.
U„ to hold a joint Middle-West
convention In Winnipeg, on the 10th
of December, 1020, or other date
mutually agreed upon by the offices concerned, for the election
of General Executive Board members, and the Inauguration of ways
and means toward a successful
manifestation of further orgaiza-
tion and education work, thereby
enabling us to wage a class-war,
with cocentrated efforts and common understanding, and
"Be It further resolved,-that the
representation to the afosesald convention shall be expressed' In
Clauses No. 61 and 63 in our con
stltutions and as amended by our
general convention."
Yours for only one Department
of all the migratory workers of the
O. B. U.
The attention of our members to
to have the delegates who have
been elected by the districts in
question to the General Conven
tion stop off at Winnipeg. That
would'lessen the expense, and the
purpose would be answered as
We atand for absolute autonomy
for any body of workers to organize industrially, or geographically,
as they themselves are the sole
judges as to the form of organisation they need, and lf they
don't know they'll soon learn.
Therefore we are opposed to any
one dictating the form of organization to them. We consider it is in
our interests to organize to the
nature of our employment, according to Industry.
P. G A.
The lumberworkers in this district are proceeding with their
unit as well as could be expected
after a strike which was lost. But,
thanks to the O. B. U. men, It was
not lost by the O. B. U„ but by
the A. F. of L. Timberworkers, and
the same reason, I am sure, haa
laid the Timberworkers as low as
they are right now. They have not
held any meetlngs'that I know of
since the night they called tho
strike off. But owing to the fact
that the strike lasted a month, a
good many of the men went broke,
which has not been very favorable
for organizing them Into the O.
B. U. But the pay day ls at hand,
and I think we will be able to do
more than we could during the
last month. We are very short of
good delegates during the summer
months, and besides there are only
one or two small camps running,
and two small mills a few miles
from town. The local sawmill here
ls employing about 400 men, and
about half of them are organized
in the O. B. U. at present. The reason for this Is largely due to the
strike, as a lot of union men left
during the strike, and over a hundred non-union men took their
place while the atrike was on.
The wages at the mill here are
the aame now as they were before
the strike. A minimum of $6.00
for ten hour day, paid in American
money, which at present Is worth
thirteen or fourteen centa more on
the dollar. Board is $7.00 to $8.00
per week, and rooms $6.00 to $6.00
per month.
Fellow worker Andrew Anderson
has just arrived from Vancouver,
where he was representing this
district at the Lumberworkers'
Convention, and says tt was one
of the most successful that has
been heM, and from the reports
of the committees it will have a
big effect on the work of the union during the winter months.
So why ahould we spend our
spare time playing cards and drinking the poison that the capitalist
has always ready for us. Join the
Lumberworkers or any other Unit
of the O. B. U. which covers the Industry you are working in. Tou
then have the chance of kicking to
the boss as a body and not Individually, aa it Is clear to us all that
wo cannot get anything alone but
called down and fired. With a body
of men organlied Into a olass organisation, not a oraft organisation, tt ls not so easy for the boas
to turn them down.
It Is timo for tbo worker to wake
Camp 1
At the regular meeting of the
above camp held on Thursday,
July 29th, with a full attendance
of members, the delegate reported
that the camp still continued 100
per cent, union, and that with an
energetic Camp Committee there
was no difficulty in lining up tjje
new arrivals who had not ajj^ady
The delegates to the Coast Con
ventlon gave reports upon pro
ceedings at the Convention. Delegate Dahl personally, and Delegate
Roberts sent ln a written report.
Their reports were adopted, and
lt was resolved that an assessment
me made to compensate the Dele
gates for loss of wages whilst attending the Coast Convention. The
assessment realized $105.00, which
was divided between the two Del
egates according to time lost.
The question of supplying books
for the library was taken up, and
a committee of five were appointed
to take charge of, this matter. At
a subsequent meeting of this committee lt was decided that a volun
tary subscription should be taken
up to defray the cost of the books.
This was done, and the sum of
$126.00 was collected. Most of this
Bum has already been sent to different publishers for literature,
mostly of the educational parlcty,
which will give the boys something
to study and think about when
not engaged ln getting out the
round stuff. Thero ls also a possi
blllty of the Company kicking
through with a donation for the
library. This is a matter that ls
recommended for the consideration of all camps. If a man should
leave one camp where he has contributed his bit towards a library,
well he should find the same conditions existing In the next camp,
and so the good work could go
The camp committee reported
several items coming before them
and that they had all been satisfactorily arranged,
King Farris Camp
At our last meeting a motion was
adopted that this local Is opposed
to any disruption of the Lumber
A Camp Workers Industrial Union,
which would result by the coast
district withdrawing from the Industrial body.
DEL. 668.
Will the following members
please communicate with Coast
District Headquarters, or any one
knowing their present address,
please send the information:
Frank Peterson, H. Chalender,
Wm. Brennan, M. W. Roberts, Jno.
D. Marr, P. A. Vigner, L, Hagen.
Information Wanted
WHltam Romlk communicate
with offlce—document has been
Wm. Gilroy, olalm No. 64606,
previously worked for Robs Saskatoon So.
Mrs. Katie Green, formerly at
Cottonwood Camp.
Albort Jonei.
Once more we have to go back
to tho old topic of card packers
aad othor union scabs.
A fino demonstration of the way
in which these peoplo expeot to
Improve tho condition of the alave
olass was given at Carlson's Camp
at Naskup, B. C, recently,- This
Carlson's Camp had boen known as
one of the best in the district
(whloh was not saying much, however), for some time and. boasted
of a 100 per cent, union crew.
There were .however, several small
things that were not quite satisfactory to the workers. For Instance, the logs were all being cut
by contract by four union men at
tho rate of $2.00 per thousand.
These four union men, finding that
they oould not handle the Job
themselves, had hired four other
union men to work with them at
the rate of $6,00 per day, with the
rosult that while the one union
contractor at one end of the saw
got about $12.00 to $14.00 for his
day's work, the union sucker at
the other end got $6.00.
Another thing was that the
teamsters had to pay for their
board on Sundays and other days,
vfhen unable to go Into the woods,
although' there was no barn-boss
Well, a meeting was held and
these matters were discussed.
Seeral resolutions were put through
at this meeting, Including one thut
all men working at sawing should
receive equal pay, and another
that the teamsters should receive
free board each day that they.attended-to their horses.
The meet in? was attended by
all the crew, and no voice was
heard in opposition. Two of the
gunny sack contractors did walk
out, but after that the vote was
unanimously in favor of the resolutions
The demands were handed to
the boss and we waited for six
days for an answer. It.came. Mr.
Carlson addressed the men, and
after turning down each and every
demand, finished up by Inviting
anyone that was not satisfied to
get his time. Was there a walkout? Sure thing! Six men out of
thirty walked out. The efforts of
the writer and others to get another meeting together to discuss
the matter were greeted with such
remarks as, "What's the use," and
"quit if you are not satisfied, I
am." One teamster stood by his
resolution, and drew his timo, and
the others immediately hit for
their bunks. One would think that
they had all been suddenly emit
ten with sleeping sickness by the
way they dived under the blank
One sawyer pulled out and the
rest suddenly took a notion to go
and sit by the lake a while.
All the conversation ^one could
hear was about the Impudence of
these agitators who actually
thought that good union men were
going to quit their nice Jobs In
order to enforce resolutions that
they themselves had made. And
the loudest of all the voices raised
In condemnation of the agitators
was the voice of Joe deRose, the
gunny sack contractor, the man
who, with his colleagues, Jim Ras-
musson, Jack Chrlstlanson, and
Stephen Van-Kaughnett, does the
favor of paying us a whole dollar
a month in order that as a union
Jlpo he may be enabled to steal
from $6.00 to $10.00 a day from
one of our organized suckers.
How long is this going to last?
Where Is lt going to end? Will
Its end be the victory of the A. F.
of L.'s discarded pimps, and the
complete subjection of the O. B.
U. to their Influence, or will the
workers take action nnd clean up
a little, making the O. B. U. what
its name applies, One Big Union?
Yours for solidarity,
J. W.
Donation for Taylorton.
Donations to maintenance of
locked-out miners at Taylorton
By mass meeting of lumber work-
ers In Winnipeg, $14.90; mass
meeting of lumber workers in
Portage la Prairie, $14.95; mass
meeting of lumber workers in Van.
couvor, $44.05; contribution from
Toffan Bass, $2; Lumber Workers'
general executive, $200; Prince
George district, $68; C. L. C. of
O. B. U., Prince Rupert, $25; L. A,
ft C. W. department of Winnipeg,
$15; Women's Labor League, Elm.
wood, Man., $10. Total $392.19.
P. G. ANDERSON, Secretary,
E. A. and C. W„ Winnipeg feist.
Will G. McCaffree write to E.
Henderson at 61 Cordova street
wets, Vancouver, as soon'as possible?
$2.50 PER YEAR
Vftny workors aro quite uncon-
Mious of tho faot that they occupy
the dual position of both slave and
Hive-driver, and frequently in the
latter case they are their own driver in addition to performing that
function upon other members of
ihe working class. This Is due to
the faot that tho curse of plece-
^6rk, contract or bonus system ls
not apparent to them at flrst sight,
or•" when an occasional big pay
check has dome to hand, or the
pleasant surprise of the "gift" of
a bonus. If the question Is thoroughly studied, it will be found
that these schemes are simply
simply slave-driving, speed-up methods to enable the empU", or to
get the work done at the cheapest
possible cost, by finding out what
amount the average worker can
turn out in a given length of time,
andt it also encourages the worker
td lengthen the workday at the
expense of his health and leisure,
and also naturally causes more
men to be unemployed. Consequently with the desire and an urgent need to earn as much as possible so as to be able to cope with
the so-called "high cost of living"
the piece-worker voluntarily takes
the place of the man who In the
days of chattel slavery stood over
the slaves with a whip driving them
to the limit of their endurance; or
as is today found in Industrial
plants where efficiency experts and
other speed up devices have been
introduced, some of which take
the form of machines geared up
to the highest speed at which lt ls
thought possible to drive tho. workers, but all these devices fall short
of the driving force and consequent
.evil effects'of that system by which
the worker drives himself, and
eventually imposes similar conditions upon his fellow-workers.
„ The result is th6 piece-worker
goes at top speed, thereby exhaust-
In himself so that at the end of
the day he is "all In," meaning
thereby that he has drawn upon
his reserve energy and vitality to
the extent that after a comparatively short period uder such conditions, he is a sick, weakened,
nervous, and prematurely aged
man, the only ones who finally
benefit arc the Boss, doctor and
' Of course the boss realizing that
he is obtaining quicker and cheaper
results by getting you to speed
Yourself up, he adopts this system
entirely, so as. a result of your
ttction this damnable system of
4jrflbitatlon is imposed upon your
fellow-workers who ln their turn
'We forced to try and beat you at
■yotr own game.
w" Trie piece worker Is a traitor to
^himself and his class because this
System also tends to encourage rl-
jjwUry and jealousies, not only on
^he Job but often carried into so-
tlal life, thus preventing strong organizations of the workers being
formed to advance their economic
.'and social iterests, and, consequently, playing further into the
hands of the boss and politicians.
*: NT»t only does piece work 'cause-
uncertainty aa to the amount of
wage coming to the Individual
worker at the end of a given time,
due to the fact that he has to
stand all the losses that go with
bnd weather, poor equipment or
breakdown of machinery, waiting
for supplies, lack of co-operation
between departments, poor organization or any other cause which
prevents thc bost possible results
bein obtained, but In addition, thc
luckier, stronger or more skilled
worker is enabled to earn more
than those less fortunately placed,
and the bigger earnings of the fortunate few and the pace-makers
are always misused by newspapers,
before arbitration boards, or whenever the poorer paid ones endeavor
to get an increased price to enable a living wage to bc secured,
• Piece work has alsp a very
strong tendency to cause the workers to .labour under the worst of
conditions, and in those cases
whero the tallying and grading is
done by the boss, thc worker is
hopelessly at the employers' mer
cy, an innumerable men have found
to their cost and sorrow.
All Intelligent workers will fight
strenuously "in season and out of
season" against piecework, contract or bonus system, and the best
way to do lt is to organize into
the O. B. U_ and strive by united
effort to get better working conditions, an increasing share of the
value of the product of your labour, and to shorten the work day,
thus leaving more time for leisure,
rcacrention, self improvement and
home life, and by creating a greater demand for workers, reduce the
army of unemployed and consequently reduce the competition for
I see that a combined meeting of
the camps at Comox to hear the
report of Delegate Inward, relating
to the Coast and General Convention, a motion was passed asking
other oamps to go on record as to
Whether they were satisfied with
the actions and records of Executive
members Lamont and Cowan. I do
not know Just what Delegate In-
ward's report was, but having eeen
the way he conducted himself at
the Convention, I have a pretty
good'ldea, and consider it rather a
compliment to be subject to his criticism.
Fellow Worker Lamont Is still
In the west, and able to defend himself In person, If necessary.
If Delegato Inward will make his
charge! definite, they will most certainly be definitely arid specifically
answered by me. But I prefer flrst
to know just who I am dealing with.
Is this the same Inward of Victoria
who was a member of the Shipyard
Labourer, Riggers and Fasteners'
Internatiinal Union at the time
when the. 2,200 members of it decided unanimously to go O. B. U.,
but when the time came to go over
he, Onward) did a somersault and
opposed the move? He then got a
Bpeclal meeting called, but the
members stood by their .previous de.
clsion. He (inward) then wired to
the President of the district in
Seattle and had him over to try
and prevent the Unton going O; B.
U. Another meeting was held, and
the members decided to send the
International charter back, so Inward got busy and drew up a petition which he totk around and
got ten members to sign, asking for
the'charter to be held, which was
done and the men for the shipyard
were hired through the business
agent, P. O'Hara. Is this the same
Inward who never joined the O, B.
U. in Victoria, but who went to an
official of the Foundatlln Shipbuilding Co., and told him how the Union
had votrd to go O. B. U. and how
he had worked to maintain the
charter in the International, and
how lf the men were hired through
the International business agent
lt would compel the men to remain International.
Afterwards all O. B. U. men
were refused jobs, so that the
weak kneed ones returned to the
Is this the same Inward that the
men In Headquartera camps sent as
delegate to the L. & C. W. I. U.
convention, and who criticizes us
for our actions, which will stand
all the Investigation our members
wish to make.
First I ask for an answer to
these questions. Is this the same
Inward? Then I will know how to
deal with him.
Yours for the O. B. U.,
Prince George District, on account	
Victoria District, on account 	
Coast District, on account 	
Kamloops District, on account 	
Prince Rupert Diatrict, on account 	
Cranbrook District, on account .....:.V.:	
Merritt District, on account 	
Edmonton District, on account .9.v.;	
Refunds re legal expenses, etc. ./„„?.!	
Collection for Fort Frances strike .I1.:.:	
Collection for Taylorton miners' strike	
O. B. U. folders aold .'.:.	
Cash on hand June 30th  J&7.8	
,     127.17
Expenditures— o
Rent $26.00, light 60c  H
Offlce supplies    . !?..
Postage  i...
Western Clarton  IU.
O.  B.  U.  Buljctina  r. ...
Brass Cheeks (.'.'
Bullitt's Mission  '. Wtl
Ukranlan Paper   	
..$ 190.00
B. C. FederationiBt, on account	
Organization, East 	
O. B. U. per capita on account	
O. B, U. buttons and folders	
Telegraph account  	
Angell Engraving (cuts) 	
Bank charges 	
To J. Cann, re Prince Rupert	
Printing French constitutions   	
Printing Ukranlan constitutions .
Laawyer's fee re Plain	
Taylorton miners' strike  ■
Commission due Chas. Adamson .
General convention (part)     —
Dlatrlct charges for supplies, eto. .
Balance on hand July 31st	
jobs and io enable better conditions to he secured.
If you are employed ln the lumber industry, construction camp
agricultural work, join the
Lumber, Camp ft Agricultural
Workers Dept. of the One Big Union, delegates on every job, offices
ln every district, orr apply to the
headquarters at 61 Cordova Street,
W., Vancouver, B. C.
Geographical, or1 what some call
Mass Oragnization, has no advantage over the Industrial form of
All O. B, U.'s have a common
membership card, and their members do not have to pay an additional fee when they change jobs
from one industry to another.
As for the statement that the
workers in a giv n geographical
area have more In i immon witb
fhe workers in that area, than they
have with the workers in an Indus-
try scattered over the continent, It
does but beg the question.
Thc industrial form of organ!-
zationzation provides for the representation of all the organized
workers in any centre, district, etc.,
at councils, or at meeting places,
where the workers discuss the Interests pertaining to the workers
of that town, district, etc.
The first O. B. U. organized was
the C. G. T. In France (1894)
(The K. of L, was open to everybody, rumaellers, as well as Jesua
screamers. It was indeed a mass
French papers to this day peddle
the same childish yarns concerning the C. G. T. aa they did in the
Organizations such aa thc O. B.
U„ which recognize the claas naturo of society by that very fact
Incur the enmity of the masters,
far more than do the "pure and
simple" organizations.
Tho same ls true of I. W. W. and
latterly of the O. B. U.
The masters are not alone, how>
ever, in this campaign of villill
Cortain ignorant workers (when
sincere) parrot like, repeat the drivel of the master. Othor "workers"
who perform this dirty work for
the masters are either stool-pigeons, or they arc scabbing on
stool-pigeons, which comes to the
aame thing.
All thla has a tendency to dls
courago workers'from joining any
O. B. U.
It follows then that only those
workers whose working is at the
lowest level Join "ONE BIG UN
IONS," no matter what brand.
Nevertheless, an effort must be
made to get the workers who lead
a town life into the O. B. U
Though there Is not much hope
for any great accretions from this
source until the working conditions of the town workers are on
a par with those of the miner, logger ond other camp workera.
—H. 23.
Addresses of Fritz William
Schupple, last heard of tn Prince
Rupert district laat November;
Frank Asslin, last heard of at
Fare's camp, Vaveny; Karl F. McKlnen, N. Dundakoskl, E Dew, A.
Vesenlklr,   G.   Whitelaw,'W.   Orr,
 Tomkln,   N.  Koaki,   F.   R.
Solloway, Jim Kinney and Pete
Lamoureux (Pierre),
Nela Sutterland, aged 66, haa a
compensation claim, No. 63,216,
Eastern members are warned
not to pay dues or fees to H. C,
Whalen Pulp & Paper Company.. ..Swanson Bay
Murray's Camp J .Thompson Sound
Firs, Limited,-or Rees & Black™. ..Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Lindsay Bros. : . Meadows
Burrard Camp ; ^ Deep Bay, Bowser
Camp 17  1 : —-Ocean FaBs
Prince Rupert Sprufce Mills fired boom men for de*
manding"union wages.
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp 2 : Drury Inlet
Being part of an article by Jacob
FrllB, published In The Social
Demokraten, on Juno Srd, 1920:
" Lovosky developed for me the
underlying principle of the trade
unton movement under Communism.
'The trade union movement under the dictatorship of the proletariat," he said, "Is entirely different from the trade union movement under capitalism. What ls a
dictatorship of the proletariat? It
is a form of political government
by the working class. If the trade
unions wish to preserve their independence under the dictatorship of tho proletariat, what would
this amount to? It would amount
to a maintenance of the distinction
between the state as an economic
organization, and the state as a
political organisation, as the state
of the workers. Such a distinction
ls impossible. By the very act of
seising the power ln tho atate, tho
working class has made lt impossible for the trade unions to preserve thoir Independence of the
state. The trade unions, on the
contrary, have now become the
basis for the Soviots—they arei the
most Important instrument of'Soviet authority. While the trade
unions before were clasa organizations—In as far as they were not
auch, they were "yellow" organizations of traders—they are now, if
not officially regulated atate organizations, at least state-constructive organizations. The question ls
no longer—how Is capitalism to
be abolished?—but tn what manner
shall the trade unions participate
in production?"
* "But are there no oppositions or
frictions between tho Soviets and
the trade unions?"
"No. In the flrst months after
the revolution there were Sonne
differences. There were reactionary trade unions, whtch were
against the Soviet government.
Now the Soviets and tho trade
unions are united and working side
by side."
"What is tho attitude of the
trade union movement toward the
wage system? Will It abolish the
wage syBtem?"
"Yes, but this cannot he done
at one stroke. Workers are being
paid with Increased frequency In
tho form of products, and not with
money. But the tariffs are still
drawn up In terms of money. But
It ls the trado unions themselves
that establish the tariffs. This ls
a great differenco as compared with
all other .countries."
"Then what Is the cause of the
conflict within the trade union
movement?"       «.
"The Menslevtks want the trade
union movement to maintain its
"Independence" of tho state. And
we, as I have indicated, think this
Is an ImpoHslbilty in a workers'
ptate. There are no other opposition tendencies In the trade union
movement than thoso of the Men-
phevikl, and they are an Insignificant minority."
"What Is the relation of the trade
union movement to the party?"
(The Communist party ls meant.)
"The party leads the trade nnion
movement. The leaders of thc
trade union movement are also
among thc leadership of the party."
"The trade union movement Is
therefore a political organ in Russia?"
'It Is a political movement, and
for this reason the trade union
movoment at this congrcBs will apply for membership in the Third
Internationale, It la of equally
great importance for the trade union movement, and for the poUtlcal movement to work on an international acalo. If capitalism la to
maintain Itself, let us say for the
next ten years, ln western Europe,
the workers in Russia will hardly
bo able to retain their power."
•   Fellow Workers:
I nottee a report and recommendation of tho Special Committee of tho General Convention, alleging that I forged my credentials
to the latt cOventton (January),
and that I be barred from offlce In
the union
Aa far as tho "official position"
is concerned, I will not lose any
sleep over that, rather I should
say "thank you."
But to get to the charge "forged
credentials," that Is very easy to
make after six months havo elapsed
and thoae fellow-workers with
whom I worked laat winter, who
could substantiate me, are scattered all over the oountry. It la
truo I wrote threo names on my
credentials—with permission. . Organiser J. Mard was with me in the
Wldewater Camp when X got the
nomination, yot the majority who
gave their names were from Hylo.
I am not aware of the existence
of a law In our former constitution stating how many names must
be on a credential, and whethei
those names be In the handwriting
of the members or not.
If there was any "forging" no/
cessary, I woald he a fool Indeed
to write In my own hand alt those
names without an attompt at disguising some of them.
Of course I realise that I havt
enemies, and lt seems that' they
choose a good time to stab ma
when I am not present to defend
The"Speclal Committee" seem*
to be specialised In "MetealfIsm";
to read tho "summing up" would
Indeed be a literary feast, yet whether they be to blame or not, I
must again thank them (or their
recommendation, for with, or without lt, I will be with my class In
the flght, not because of* It. or
those who flght me behind my
back, but in spite of It and them.
Tours |n the real flght,
■    r      G. A. CLARK.
As the orbanlzatlon of the O.
B. U. stands for the solidarity of
tho workers, no matter what creed,
nationality or race they belong to,
I think this little correspondence
of mine would not bo out of place
to atate through the columns of
your paper that I have been very
tmuch disappointed to seo some
members of the organization being
•prejudiced against so-called "foreigners." I have been working at
Kingcome River In Camp No. 1,
for the Powell River Company,
where I was put in charge of a
pump, and, being of foreign birth,
Some English-speaking fellow workers felt that It waa not right for
a foreigner to hold auch a job,
and some person, or persons, have
tried all their tricks to put me off
the Job in order to place an Englishman in my place, and they
were successful in attaining their
end. When I tried to put the matter before the meeting they, being
in the majority, didn't even see flt
to give me a fair hearing. Now,
fellow workers of the O. B, U.,
ls It not about time for the workers
not only to preach tho solidarity
but to practice lt? Does It net
show to the boss that workers of
such a type are playing his game,
Instead of standing one for all and
■11 for one?
MEMBER O. B. U. No. 34682.
Defense Fund
Received from Lumber Workers
Industrial Union, Kamloops dlstriot, per J. L. Peterson, $11,
Edmonton, Ales.,
Aug. Hth, 1920.
Having read tho article In the
"Fed" by "Comrado" Mutch, and
noting what he has to say about
the Prince Georgo Convention and.
other matters pertaining to the organization, I will write a few
words in reply. *
Having* worked at Smlthers,
where this "Comrade" Is the delegate and alao a petty bourgolse
or building contractor, and I must
admit that he ia a busy man, far
too busy to be our delegate, especially since we of the rank and
fllo believe that all bourgeoise
should be handed a withdrawal
card, since we know that they will
have enough to do to attend to
their own affaire, I am Interested
to see that "Comrade" Mutch ls
opposed to the amendment to the
constitution: 'That any person
holding an office ln a political par-
iy shall not hold offlce In the O.
B. IV Quite so, "Comrade" Mutch,
I do not blame you, but I think
that we have enough workers in
this organization and that they
are Intelligent enough ao that they
can carry on the work without
these political lights, as well as the
petty bourgeoise, and from what
I can sec of the conditions in the
Smlthess district, a live delegate, is
sure needed there, and the sooner
the workers In those camps get
down to Job action tho better.
I am somewhat surprised to learn
that "Comrade" Mutch thinks that
the "Wild and Wooley" element
secured control of the Prince George
convention. I have written to Comrade Mutch about some wages that
I had coming In Smlthers, but I find
lhat he is far too. busy to answer,
moat likely hla time has been spent
In investigating how this "Wild and
Wooley" element got control in P.
O, It Ib really too bad that a few
of the rank and fllo are allowed to
be present at convention. It would
be far belter If a few leading lights
that had studied political action,
and had succeeded so well ln thla
capitalistic society that they could
have a business card with the
word 'Contractor* printed on, to
manage their affairs and attend
conventions for them. The Princo
Rupert Cnvention went on record
for the above resolution, with only
"Comrade" Mutch voting oppoaed
more power to the rank and file—
and I hope that there are more
of tho "Wild and Wolley" typo
that they have In Prince George,
such os Bill Kolllng and Geo. Nelson, the delegates to the Convention wbo had all of the workers
in their camps organized, and
when the strike was on ln Prlnee
George district they all went out
to a man—no card packers among
the boys—they lined up. What
success did you have, "Comrade"
It la reported from Camp 17,
Ocean Falls, that A. Korrine (K.
860) refused to pay hla dues to
the delegate. Ho has now left camp
for pastures new. • AU union men
take note.
A wire haa Just come to hand
that J. D. McPherBon wns killed
at Hanelcy's Camp. No particulars
are yet available. Fellow-worker
McPherson Is well known on the
coast and waB a delegate to every
convention that has been held by
the lumber workers.
Kamloops District Secretary
mado an organizing trip through
some of the camps, calling st
Houie, Salmon Arm, Salsqua, Enderby, Vernon, Kelowna His expenses for transportation, otc,
amounted to $47.65. Receipts tor
dues $78.00, fees $4.00. PAGE POUR
twelfth year, no. u   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAY August 30, if.t,
Published every Friday morning by Tke B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A.  a   WELLS-
Offlee:   Labor  Temple,  ME Dunsmuir Street
Telephone Seymour "5871
Subscribtion Batea: United States and Foreign,
.3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50
I for six months; to UnionB subscribing in a
body, tie per member per month.
Unity of Labor: Tbe Hope of the World
RIDAY _ August 20, 1920
WHEN the British workers decided
to hand over their powers to a
council of action last week, to be used to
the full in the event of any attempt to
carry on war against
THE TACTICS Soviet Russia, and to
OF secure the removal of
BBITISH LABOB the economic blockade against that country, they showed a lead to the workers of
the world, and challenged the power of
the government to commence war against
any nation without the consent of the
people. Thus do the dreams that men
like Keir Hardie and other British workers, who gave their lives to the working
class movement, come true. Prior to the
outbreak of the war, there were many
workers of the opinion that it would be
impossible for war on a large scale to be
carried on because of the opposition that
the working class would offer in the different countries. Those opinions were
not well founded at that time, but with
the lead given by the workers of the Old
Land, there should aot be anything in the
way of the working class stopping all
future attempts to plunge the world into
» • •
It haa been stated, by the press, and
various statesmen, that the workers' actions will not stop the government carrying out its policy. Statements sueh as
these may be made to prevent the power
of Labor being plainly seen, but the faet
remains that the British Labor movement
nas shown itself stronger than parliament,
or the government and parliament combined. It has demonstrated that outside
of domestic affairs, it has a force' that
must be reokoncd with. That in international politics, it is a power that must in
future be taken into consideration, and in
fact, has already been thc determining
factor in'Oreat Britain's policy with regard to Soviet Bussia. Many British
Labor men do not like the methods adopted by the Bolsheviki, but they are de-
■ termined that the Bussian people shall be
allowed to have that which the war was
supposed ft> be fought for, namely, tbe
right of self-determination. Bob Smillle's
threat, that if France, by aiding Wrangel,
stops the supply of coal for Soviet .Russia,
then British Labor will stop France's
supply from England, demonstrates that
Labor has learned the power of the economic blockade, and is prepared to use'
it in the frustration of the designs, not
' only of the rilling class of Qreat Britain,
but of any other nation against whom it
oan b'e put into operation. The workers
are being slowly but surely made to realize their power in the activities of nations,
and that only with their aid can the different governments oarry on. The lesson
of the war has been well learnt in the
Old Land.
During the past year or two, the workers of this country have been urged to
adopt the tactics of British Labor. In
fact it almost became nauseating to hear
employers, and representatives of the
ruling class of this country, point to the
saneness of the workers in the Old Land,
and the methods adopted.. And yet Canadian Labor has never attempted anything
of the nature of the British workers' actions or utterances of a week ago. And
after the experiences of 1919 we can only
wonder what would have happened if
such a stand had have been taken by
Labor in this country, for much less drastic efforts Canadian workers are incarcerated in jail. "While men who openly advocated defiance of the government of the
Old Land, and challenged the oonstitu-1
tional "rights" of the government are I
free. We wonder, how the employing
olass of this country would like to offer
the advice so often tendered in the past
to Canadian J/abor at this time, and urge
the-workers of this eountry to adopt British Labor's methods. We have no hesitation in asking our readers to turn up
thc newspapor files of the year 1919 and,
having found their masters' advice, which
was so freely tendered in that year, deride whether to accept it or not.
TTHE SPEECH of Premier Meighen,
delivered at Stirling last week, has
been characterized as a fighting speech.
A local paper in discussing it, stated1 that
the premier rose to the supreme heights
of bunk. That just
THE PREMIER about fits it. It may
AND OLASS- have been the speech
CONSCIOUSNESS of  a  statesman,  as
some described it, but
then statesmen's speeches pe usually
mere claptrap when given intelligent analysis. Passing over the platitudious ram-
blings of the premier, and his views on the
questions of taxation, whieh do not affect
' the members of the working class, but
are merely questions of how, when and
where, the payments for capitalistic government shall be paid, we come to that
part of his speeoh in which he deals with
olass mattors, and as he has seised the
lissue, we are unable to allow it to go
Without challenge, and a definite statement as to where the forking class should
line up, not only against the present government, but the class which the premier
and his government represent,
•"'■'.* »
'■ I The premier, in his address, as usual,
made an attack on those that are opposed
if hia views.   This is natural, but when
he went out of his way to denounce
those that are class-conscious, in faoe of
the attitude he assumed in the Winnipeg
affair of last year, and the class bias, that
he and his government assumed at that
time, the workers can hardly be blamed
if they take his statements at their face
value. The premier is reported as making the following statements: s
"Old parties fere smashed," he
said, "and the new political alignment was between the steady and
law-abiding on one hand, and on the
other 'those who have given way to
class-consciousness, to a passion for
change, experiment, and whose minds
are nurturing suspicion and hostility
against other classes of the people."
Referring to the unrest in the country,"
he said:
"I refer to the feeling of unrest
prevalent in this country as in other
countries in a greater degree, the tendency to find fault with every gov-
" ernment, to instill prejudice, to tear
down existing institutions, to undermine principles which lie at thc root
of British forms of administration
and to oppose everything permanent
and tried with conflicting groups of
thought. This, perhaps, is natural,
at least it is the recurring, conse-
- quence of great wars. The world at ■
such times seems to become topsyturvy."
* * *
The unrest which all countries are suffering from, the premier stated, was due
to the war. Well, what of it? Were the
workers responsible for the war? Or was
the ruling class of the different countries
which engaged in the most terrible
slaughter the world, has ever seen, solely
responsible for it, and the consequent unrest! Is it any wonder that people want
to tear down the system which made such
a war possible? Were the working men
who are now in gaol, because they were
engaged in pointing out to tbe workers
the cause of all wars, which is capitalism,
responsible for the war or the effect that
it had on the minds of the people, and can
they be blamed for endeavoring to bring
about a change in the system of society
that will make any such wars impossible
in the future? The premier may rave at
those that wish for a change, but his
ravings will not stem the tide of discontent. Neither will the class action taken
by the government in the Winnipeg strike
appease that desire for some change
which will make industrial and military
wars a thing of the past.
* « *
The flret minister of tne crown may
wish to have those that display class-consciousness curbed/but to do so he must
first see to it that he and his government
display a little less of that class antagonism that was displayed both in the Winnipeg strike, and the ensuing trials of Labor's spokesmen. Law and order were
flounted by the government. The law
was brought into disrepute by the acts of
the government, and not by the worken.
The class issue was raised by the government when it interfered in the strike by
the use of troops, stool pigeons and'agents
provactuers, and my the arrest of tjie men
who had committed no crime but that of
supporting the working class in the struggle for collective bargaining, which has
been the right of the workers in the Old
Land for over fifty years. The government raised the class issue, and the workers should not allow that issue to be beclouded. No matter what section of the
working class they J>elong to, or what
party they are' afflliated with, whenever
and wherever the present government, or
any of it* supporters appear for the endorsation of the people, the workers must
raise that (jlass issue and keep it to the
forefront and fight the government on the
issue raised in Winnipeg in 1919. Members of the working class are in gaol as a
result of the class-consciousness of the
big interests of this country.. The workers should forget everything else so long
as those men are still held in durance
vile, and fight the government on all possible occasions, and if the government will
refrain from stealing in the coming elections, and not descend to the manipulations of the elections held under the wartimes election act, and the workers raise
this issue, and fight the government on
its own ground, not a single supporter of
the government can be elected. The cjass
issue was raised by the government, the
workers bust fight on that issue, and that
took place, does not mean that it
continue. In fact thc needs of capitalist)
society at this time demands that dcvolu-
tion shall take place. A splendid example
of this is shown in the Old Land, where
it is contemplated to do away with this
centralization of power and localize it.
The present intentions being to give Scotland and Wales, and even the northern
countries of England a measure of homo
rule, or in other words a district or geographical form of control in internal affairs. Lewis Mumford, in an article'on
the Status of the State, some time agA,
had the following to say:
Ia many cases thc workers have
found that organization by highly
centralized national unions has the
same defect that organization by centralized national states is guilty of
—it ignores regional needs, peculiarities and differences, and carries controlling power "too far away from
those most concerned in its immediate
application. The shop steward in
England, the shop committee in
America, and the factory soviet in
Hungary and Russia suggest that economic interests themselves must be
organized primarily on a local basis.
The federation of these local units
within a single dty or region; and the
federation of regional labor associations into national or transnational
'bodies seem the most desirable methods of organization. This suggests
plainly a reconciliation of the indi-
/ vidual's interests as a worker and as
a citizen, as the member of an industrial an'd the member of a political
society. Both current theories leave
these functions unintegrated; the
politician would have the individual
forget his class interests; the international trade-union executive would
have him ignore his place interests.
* * *
Centralized power would be nearly, as
great in industrial organizations stretching from coast to coast as it is in the International trade unions. What is..needed
is organization on the job; this is already
in existence; the job itself having organized the workers there, then organization
in the local area and the district council,
and following that a ilationai council representing all workers irrespective of their
occupations. By this method the rank and
file will have control at all times, but
where the workers arc split up in the
areas in which they live, and linked. t|p
with an industrial organization thatjepj
arates them locally the rank and file.-will
nevenhave th\ final word. _*_'_
THE QUESTION of what form the O.
B. U. shall take, whether it shall be
organized strictly on industrial lines,-or
on a geographical or district basis, has
recently become a very live topic amongst
those workers who
INDUSTRIAL have seen the neces-
OB DISTBIOT sity of a new, form of
ORGANIZATION organization. Before,
*. however, the average
man can get a proper perspective cf thia
question he must know something of the
forces that are at work, and the tendencies of the times. In previous issues we
have pointed out that it was only by a
grasp of the trend of modern events, that
the workers would escape from making
mistakes that would cost them dear, and
on .this question of organization, the same
necessity for an understanding of not only
the industrial developments, but political
evolution exists. '
» • »
As capitalism developed, we find that
the centralization of power, both political
and industrial, became centralized. While
at one time the power of government rested somewhat in the local areas, the development of the system demanded that
all power should be placed under central
control. Along with capitalism grew the
trade unions. They are a product of the
system. They never existed os formed today in any other age. They are essentially a product of the capitalistic method of
production. That being so they followed
the lines of development that the system
took. From looal authority and control,
the power of government became centralized. But because centralization of power
A writer in Turner's Weekly, '[ _
writes under the nom de plume.,/e:
"Druid," after paying The Federationist
a compliment by describing it as the.best
labor paper in Canada, takes exception
to the stand taken in an editorial pub
lished in The Fderationist of July 30th;
the editorial in question was headed "No
Set Way to Freedom." "Druid'' t&es
exception amongst other things to the*adi
vocacy of education of the working class,
He says:
"His argument, as I have said, is mainly intended to prove that it is impossible
to lay down any hard and fast policy for
the bringing about of the emancipation
of the working class. What he really
would like done it is not easy to see, except that he would like to see the workers concentrate on education. With s
simple innocence of mind which is reminiscent of the later Victorian age and the
days of a copy-book headline, he says
"Knowledge is power." Hence "the only
real policy for the working class is one
of education, and that policy, being carried out effectively, will place the workers
in the position that they can aet intelligently when the moment for action is
determined, not By'men, but by the social
forces that capitalism has developed."
He then goes on to show that tho copy
book statement used by us, i.e. "Knowledge is power," is not true, and that
wealth is power, and states "that it is
as wrong to state that man is-slave to
his environment, as to say that he is master of it, and that labor should have a
set policy."
Wc have no wish to argue with
"Druid" as to the set policy or ultimate
aim, but we do take exception' to the
workers taking the position that there
is any set rule to be followed in the at-'
tsinment of emancipation from .wage
slavery. Labor will never drift if it has
the knowledge that education on scientific lines will bring. Again we reiterate
the copy book maxim that "a little knowledge is a dangerous thing," and "Druid"
has conclusively proved the truth of that
statement. He very evidontly could not
fathom what he described as our muddled
line of thought. Wc, however, have hopes
if he will continue to read our- columns, and the fact that he docs, shows
that he has some little discernment.   _,\
O. B. U. Has Delegates in
Every Mine in Outlying Points
At the regular meeting ot the
Prince Rupert Central Labor Coun
cil, held on Aug, 10, amongst the
correspondence reoelved was one
from an O. B. U. member at the
cold storage plant, engine room,
requesting that he be issued a
withdrawal oard, on the plea that
it was an "International Job," and
he could not pay to two organizations. After consideration, the
aecretary-treaaurer waa Instructed
to inform him that under the clr<
cumstances no sueh card eould be
Issued, Inasmuch as there were O.
B. U. men ln good standing on the
same job, and half of the men employed on the Job were O. B. U.
The call for the'O. B. U. oonvention waa received, and after
discussion, laid over for two weeks,
on the chance tbat the flnanolal
position then would be of suoh a
nature as to make the heavy ex-
pense entailed by the trip to Port
Arthur easier to handle.
The executive committee recommended that instead of a quarterly
audit of the secretary-treasurer's
books, a monthly audit be Instituted, in order that the work of the
auditors might,, be easier and take
less of their time. The' same was
The house committee asked that
the platform be enlarged to afford
more room for- chairman and
speaker at publlo meetings.
Tho hospital committee reported
on casea of o. B. U. men in the
hospital, who had been supplied
with literature and smokes.
Delegates Ormshaw, Rank and
Derry were elected as the auditing
oommlttee for the ensuing term.
The secretory-treasurer reported
over 1100 names on the ledger, all
of which had not yet been transferred to the filing system. So far
as the entries had been mado, the
new system showed over 8(f0 members paid up to January. This elicited a discussion, and the secretary-treasurer explained that the
transfer of the names from the
iedged to the filing system would
tako another week, and whon It
was finished, tho matter of looal
organization and the delinquent
members oould. be handled. In
the nature of the case, a large pro.
portion of the delinquent membera
would bo tho floating membership.
Organizer Caakie, baok from
Stewart, reported satisfactory results, but the development going
tin there waa not coming up to the
expectations current In the early
part of the year. Some of the
smaller camps were closing down.
He found' the trails In pretty bad
shape, whloh made lt difficult to
get to aomo of tho camps. In
somo placea water was rushing
over the trails two feet deep, and
lt was a dangerous matter to cross.
The proposed cdnvention was being
looked forward to with Interest,
and lt waa considered that one
delegate from the Premier mine,
and one for the rest of the small
campa would be able to represent
the Stewart district. There were
now delegates of tho M, M. I. U. of
tho O. B. U. in every mine operating In tho district, which waa also
true of Alice Arm. The general
opinion was that the convention
should be held about the latter end
of August or early ln September.
He considered lt Important that
the northern miners get moro publicity in The Federationist, as lt
would be a valuable aid to organization.
The report and recommenda'tlons
were discussed. The. assistant
secretary pointed out that as yet
there was not sufflclent memberhlp
to buy space in The Federatlonist,
aa was done by tho L. W. I, U.
with its large membership, but probably sufficient space could be utilized ln the weekly reporte of the
counoll to meet the need for. some
time to come.
Organisation at Anyox waa discussed, and arrangements made
for work to *be done that would
ensure an increased revenuo for
the organization ln the north. Under the present conditions, as roported, most of the revenue from
Anyox was going to Vancouvor,
but the logical placo for It to go
was to Prince Rupert Central Labor Counoll, which was functioning aa the headquartera of the
miners and workers ln the allied
Industries of the north. If the!
district waa to stand on Its own
feet, it waa essential that it produce the necessary revenue. With
no correspondents there, the taak
of organisation was the moro difficult, and if delegates were secured, and discriminated agalrist by
the company dismissing them, lt
would be up to the membership ln
Anyox itself to take, a stand and
insist on their right to belong to
the organization of their choico,
and to protect their delegates. The
loggers have done this ln numberless Instances, and it waa not to
be aupposed that the membership
ot' Anyox wero of an Inferior
Adjournment was taken at »:40
New Tork. — Coastwise long
shoremen, members of tho International Longshoremen's Association,
on Btrike Bince laat April, havo voted to return to work, tt wu announced by T. V. O'Connor, presl-'
dent of* tho Association.
Clyde Fitch's Screaming
"Tbe Truth"
**> Next Week
Kisloel Eomsnoe—laughter eat
Other Big restores
Beaders of The Federationist, whq.'^ja-
side at points where they are unable to
secure the daily papers, so that they oan
get an inkling of what is taking place-in
Europe, have asked that we give a rescue
of telegraphic briefs. This week w» give
a short resume of the happenings in eon
nection with the British council of action
and Soviet Bussia, and we will endeayfiur
to do all we can to fill the wishes of our
readers, but would like to point out that
our support is limited, and the greater
the support rendered both to us and our
advertisers, will bring a better'service to
our readers. If the workers want us to
run a daily paper service, then they must
pay for it, or at leaat give us that support
that will enable us to deliver the goods.
France is in a fiix. She cannot the indemnity from Germany, and she through
her statesmen promised that the peasants
would not bo taxed to pay for tho war,
and so she has to join forces with
The Pitman
Business College
Established 1898
Autumn Term Opens Sept. 7th
Individual Instruction
Corner Hastings Street. Phone Sey. 9135.
Destroy Soviet Russia and all will be
well, is the cry of the ignorant supporters
of the present system. They evidontly do
not realise that capitalism is so near dead
that nothing can save it,
Our Prices
Are Less
Because We Are Not
in the High Rent
Good   Balbriggan  Underwear,
Double thread, Suit 41.00
Stanfield's    Underwear,     per
suit  M.ee
Elaetlo Knit Combinations, per
Suit   »3.»»
Men'a Merino Special Underwear, per Suit U.50
Mackinaw     Shirts,     double-
breasted and sleeves H.00
Carr'a       Mackinaw       Coats,
from I1S.60 up
Heavy Double Knee and Seat
Overalls, per pair  $4.00
from    per
pair   .. 	
Working Boots, por pair..$5.00
Fino Boots, from per palrtS.OO
Men'a    Logging
pair IX....:	
Boots,    ptr
Men's     Shoepacks,     Leather
Soles'. $13.50
We are Closing Out all Straw Hats at Less Than Cost.
18 and 20 00BDOVA ST. WEBT and 444 MAIN* ST.
In the purchase ot Diamonds f.w
people are ablo to rely upon their
own Judgment of values.
So the obvious thing to do ls to buy
from a house whose reputation ls
■nor. to lt than a proflt on a questionable transaction.
We aell you Diamonds "on honor"—on a positive guarantee
that "A Diamond from Allan's Is what we say It U."
Many beautiful loose stones ln stock—many made up Into
handsome Jewelry.
Tbe House of Diamonds «•■
At Comer Pender
Excellent quality, perfect lilting,     correct    articulation,
pleasing appearance, ■killed
attention, features of dentistry at the offices ot
Dr. Gordon CampbeO
Dental None to Atteaiaaeot,
Of* Bvealaca, TO* te BOA
Granville Street
Cnaer Hakaea Streot
• Over Owl Drag Stor.
Phea. seraeu ease
Hallway men refuses to run ■
train on one of tk. Irish railway*
whil. soldiors war. on It, recently.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
"Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
Clothing   .
im Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Phono Falnnont 404.
Heir Mattresaoa Re-Hade, Bok Springs
Re-Opholetered, OuHoae Retted.
«J Hods, to Orter, Baby Corriagoo
Re-covered a»d Retired. ,
85«| Commercial pure, Vaaeoam.
tlona Sey. 211      Day or NlgM
Mann, Thomson ft OUff
rt}JI___ DIEEOTOai
6*1 Homer it Tiaconrtr, B. A
Uie OeerUe street
■eatey ttrvloet, II aa. ud 1.10 u,
Sudey   tehoel   iuedletelr   follottal
morning sendee.   Wedaeada^loatlmeplel
Met gyefjtadgi
MUKTHRa,   poblishbrs,   sib.
enormia aid soonnmni
Oalea Olclele, write ler print.  We
do totr waht to wttor un
rellew «e Crew* to tt.
Patricia Cabaret
Oae Meek eut ef Empreae Theatre
.     —AMD HI1R—
iftgg ULLH Mn. ASA
don, B. LOTl end ue UL
en HAsmras mot a
<•       Haste. Heel
1S« Hastings Si W.
Speaks foor dllerent leafsogee.
Acknowledged   te   be   tie   Onateet
PALMIST la Cauda
She dus aet tell thlnga te please a
person, tot leads tbe Und Jest as tl
Tells every peraon lh. planet tkey
wer. bom under; their lucky end un-
lucky, planeti end what atop In lite te
take to better tbemaelves.    Alee explain, thing..wblch bave alwaya baaa
a mystry; what bu.in.il you are beat
adapted for; when and whom yoa will
marry;   aettles   and   eiplalna   leve
affaire  end family  troublea.
Step ln end Have tear Ufe Read
Wby not aeo tba »•»!!
It     floats    no    morel
All reading, atrletly confidential
Matinee ..
Evenings ,
■tag Of noBO atjmnr ISM ta
Dr. W.J. Curry
MM 101 DtfaJHoa MlUlf
yuroouvaB, a, a, -
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tents ud Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Paat.
and extra clothing, Longshoremen's Hooka, etc Estimates
given on all canvas work,
Vancouver, B. O.
Phone Sey. 4641
Funeral Directors
, and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity al Fair
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel,
2191 Oranvllle Street
Phon. Bay 9100.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 111 Sixth M. W.
Phone N. V. 111.
Mount Pleasant:   Offlc. and
Ckap.1, 1111 Main SL
Phon. Fairmont II,
Start te ese Ike lew Vaueouvtr
I'°wer Mainland Directory oa Anna!
Mnd. Many Seymour number. Ken
been chanted lo RT numborl, aad
whoe making a call - particular eare
ahould be taken lo sin tbo rlfht number. Be aura end eon.ult yonr diree-
tory. Tba change la throwing meek
more work temporarily en tba onoro-
***_***• IKM *** *•!** "-*" »'ea
calling will holp much.
British Columbia Telephone
Swedlik Menage, Radiant Heat aad
Electrical Treatments ef ell kinds.
Pheae Bay S770L.  Hears I le S aid
Teke Bell Uae Oar
Pkoae ley, 1171. f,
Hot and Oold Water—Steam Hast—
Kbema Under Mew Manai.rn.al.
leffel ud Xaack Oeuter to eta-
Make yoar homo thore while It leva.
la lhal dark hoar whoa aympatbr eai
beat aerrlee count io much—call ep
MeulPlemat Ui .erttliiu Ce.
Phene Fairmont SI
Prompt Ambulance Servioe
■  ■'•■•-■ *RIDAY August
August Special
Five dozen Pearl Grey
Stetson, Knox, Borsa-
lina and other brands. .Regular up to $11.00 to
clear at $5.00.
Your choice Of every Pearl Qrey Felt Hat in the
store $8.00 and $8.50 for _1_ $6.00
$9.50 and $10.00 for.
$11.00 and $12.00 to clear.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
Employor. of Tennessee Violate
. State law Witb Aid of'
(By The Federated Press)
Nashville, Tenn." — Tennessee
workers are forced to compete with
convict If bor despite th* enactment ot a law speclflcelly forbidding th. employment by private
Interests of euch labor, Tho state
was long notorious,tor iti convict
lease .ystem and after prolonged
agitation a law doing away wtth
convict labor after April 1, 1919,
was passed. At that time local
manufacturers were getting war
prices tor hosiery mado by workora paid 2! cent, a day, foundry
products mado by convicts receiving 11.10 a day, and harness made
fer atlll lower wagea
Employers who ara leading the
flght on organized labor schemed
to secure the restoration of convict
labr and brought tt about hy misrepresenting that they would utll-
fs. "Infirm or dangerous" prisoners who "could not b* employed
on publlo work." They secured the
'Passage of a bill providing for
work ln the prison on raw mater*
lal furnished and the product purchased by Interested parties,
Friends of free labor, thought
they had safeguarded their interests by Including tn th. law a provision to the .Sect that this could
he done only with tho express approval in each case of the govern?
or who had given a pledge not to
restore the convict contract ays-
tern. The extent whioh Governor
Roberts haa gone baok on his
pledge is indicated by th. announcement In his local paper that
1,000 convicts will be forced to
work for the old conviot employers at wagea of from fl to |3 a
day for the next six yeara.
Hank's hired man says! "Many
a .poor fish that knows them profiteers hav. got us in a h— of a fix
thinks we should trust them that's
been raisin' the h —to git ua out
of lt. And them that', heen fooled
enough th. poor flsh calls' Bulshe-
The National Park
Bowen Island
and the Popular All-Day Soil
to Squamish
Steamer, leave at 1:11 am,
daily and' 10:30 a.m. Sunday
(n.w   time).   On   Wednesday.
        and Saturdays at 1  p.m.  for
Bowon Ialand dlr.ct. Bowen Island offers to the pleasure, seeker
first-class hotel 'accommodation, boating, canoeing, tennis,
stream, lake, and eait water fishing,-and sandy bathing beach,
Union Dock—Phone Seymonr 8330
Large Hall for Meetings
For terms apply J. R. CAMPBELL, 804 Pendor St. W.
Phone Seymonr 391
Read, Learn and
Inwardly Digest
Judgo Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury In the Russell Trial, as
compared wltb CAVp In  Rex va BCRNS, ENGLAND,  1886.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
Examination and atatement ot Law, and Review of Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, ln Trial of R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919.
Prlcea for the above pamphlets are as under:— ,
Bundle orders, $5.00 per 100 copies, SSo per dosen copies;
•Ingle copies lOo each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address ever
delivered in .the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, $5,00 per 20 copies; single
copies, 25c each.   All charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of the above pamphlets, place your orders
early with Jamea Law, Secretary of the Defonse Committee,
Room i, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can be obtained In Vancouver at the Federatlonist Offloe.
Mr. Trueman's Report
On the Appeal in the
R. B. Russell Case
In order that the workera whs
have contributed to the Winnipeg
defense fund may know just what
Mr. Trueman, K. C„ who had
charge ot the appeal to the Privy
Council in the Bussell case, think,
of the situation, and the result ot
the appeal, we publish th. following report whloh he mad. to the
Winnipeg' defense committee on
hts return to Winnipeg:
Rex va Russell
As lt is possible that you may
give publicity to this report I think
'It is proper, In view of certain .observations mado In an Interview
given out In London by Mr. Newcombe, Deputy Minister of Justice
for Canada, following the refueal of
th. Judicial Commltte. of th.
Privy Council to grant leave to appeal herein, that I ahould recall th.
considerations that Influenced you
to take the case to th. Judicial
Committee. When the Court of Appeal for Manitoba gav. judgment,
Mr. Cassldy, K. C, who appeared
for Russell, asked that one of their
lordships should record a dissenting judgment in order that an appeal might be taken to the Supremo
Court of Canada, This waa refused.
Tho court at tke same time pointed out that an appeal could be
taken to the Judicial Committee.
Subsequently you did me the honof
of asking me If I would tak. th.
necessary step, to submit the case
to th. Judicial Committee. I drew
your attention to Section 102S of
th. Criminal -Code of Canada,
which provides as follows;
"Notwithstanding any prerogative, or anything  contained   In'
the Interpretation Act or In the
Supreme Court Act,- no  appeal
shall be brought ln any criminal
caae'from any judgment or order
ot any court ln Canada to any
court of appeal or authority ln
which in th.  United  Kingdom
appeals or petitions to His Majesty ln Council may be heard."
At the same time I pointed out
that ther. was grav. doubt ae te
whether the section wae constitutional in so, far aa lt affected to Interfere with the   prerogative   to
grant special leave to appeal.   In
the case" of The King  vs.  Town-
ahend (MOT) Appeal  Cum,   OU,
Mr. Nagvcombo resisted an application for leave to appeal-in what he
supposed was a criminal oase  on
the ground that   the   prerogative
was token away by the section ln
question.   Lord Macnaghten con-,
troverted his position,' and on Mr.'
Newcombe aeaerting that th. section  meant  that  notwithstanding
the prerogative of Her Majesty, no
appeal shall be allowed, Sir Arthur-
Wilson, a member of  the  board,
"Surely that means no appeal
eo far as the matter lies within
the jurisdiction of the Canadian
Legislature, No one in Canada
can grant any leave to appeal in
auch a case. They cadhot legislate as to what Th. King ln
Counoll can do."
Why Oaa. Waa Appealed
I then suggested to you that the
opinion of London counsel upon
th. section and as to what might-
be expected-to be the attitude ot
th. Judicial Committee toward, the
proposed application should be obtained. A letter for that purpose
was accordingly sent to Messrs.
Blake * Redden, a firm in London
with a large practice before the
Judicial Committee. Their reply
was adverse to proceeding with the
application. Tou took the matter
Into private consideration, with the
result that you Instructed me to go
ahoad. Your position was dictated
by the following considerations.
Tou said that lf Mr. Russell did not
appeal it would always be said by
his opponents that he waa afraid
to appeal. You.further observed
that no stronger refutation could
be made by Mr. Russell and his at-
sociates of the charge that they
were revolutionists than by taking
the constitutional course of going
to the foot of the throne with the
request that His Majesty Investigate the facte of the case through
hla Judicial Committee. You therefore pointed out that whil. a refusal of the application would be
a disappointment, the possibility of
Us denial could not deter you from
going on with it, I have sold ttrls
decision was reached by yourselvea
I think there can be no question aa
to its soundness.
Not Constitutional
Further study of the constitutionality of section 105 of th.
Criminal Code convinced me beyond any doubt that the section Is
unconstitutional. In 1841, th. Imporial Parliament passed an Act
entitled "The Judicial Committee
Act," which, while permitting appeals to be brought direct from ony
interior court ln any colony, gives
Jurisdiction aa well to the committee ln appeals front the judgments
of all other courts of the colony.
This Aot cannot bs overridden by
repugnant or repealing legislation
of the Dominion Parliament. While
It ts not necessity. In view of the
terms of the Act of 1844, to contend that under the British North
America Act, 1867, no power is
given to the Dominion Parliament
to take away His Majesty's prerogative to grant special leave to appeal, I think there ls cogent reasoning to support such a view. A
further, and ln my opinion valid,
submission ls that section 1025 does
not touch the King's discretion, but
deals with nothing more than appeals as of right. The fact that the
prerogative in question is not exercised ln Canada and does not
permit of delegation to the Governor-General or other official tn
Canada makes it clear that It ls not
a matter to be dealt with by the
Dominion Parliament ae falling
within the limits of self-govorn-
ment committed to it by the British North America Act.
The case of Webb vs. Outrlm
(1907), Appeal Cases, 81, Is well-
nigh conclusive authority for the
position that the Dominion under
its general powers of legislation
cannot affect the right of appeal
by special leave to the Klng-in-
Council. This was the view taken
of the Canadian Constitutional Act
by Mr. Asquith In tlio debate in thc
House of Commons on the Australian Commonwealth Bill, Sir John
Simon, leader of the English Bar,
took occasion ln the rec-nt cose before the   Judicial   committee,   of
Toronto Railway Ce. va City of
Toronto, (111$) Appeal Caaea 421,
to deal with Ut. matter in hts argument. He expressed hlmielf as
having no doubt that the Dominion
parliament ha. no powor to deprive th. King of Ma right to grant
leave to appeal. On July • lait,
the Judicial Committee dealt with
an application for epeeial leave to
appeal trom a judgment et the
Supr.m. Court of South Africa In
the case of Whittaker, ve. Borough
of Durban. Lord Haldane delivered the Judgment of th. board,
whioh refused the petition. In th.
courso of hi. judgment h» pointed
out that while under th. South
African conititutlon th. prerogative with respect to .appeals waa
limited, In th. case ef Canada, on
the other hand, it waa that the
worda ot the British North America
Aot did net touoh tke Kins'. dl«-
I may also add that la Privy
CouncU circles ther. la no other
opinion than that section 10SI tl
X, Legal Barrier
This being the legal position, the
Motion had no effect aa a legal bar-
rler to your petition. What, however, had te be feared waa that the
Judlolal Commltte. would b. unwilling te hold tkat th. Motion
bVyond the poweri of th. Dominion
Parliament, and that to avoid making auch a pronouncement, it
would decline to consider the application, or would dispose of It by a
strategical short out without consideration ot Its meriti. I therefore wrote to the Mlnliter ot Justice Inviting him to assist m. ln
having th. application heard on its
merit, by waiving tke Motion in
view of the doubt as to its constitutionality and by asking th. com.
mittee to oonalder the flicti af the
mm. He declined to de io. Representative labor organisation, ta
every part1 ot Canada made a similar requMt to htm'.
Th. petition wm heard by i
strong board, composed of the
Lord Chancellor, Lord Birkenhead,
Viscount Haldane, Viscount Cave,
Lord Dunsdln, and Mr. Justice
Duff. Shortly after I had opened
the petition the Lord Chancellor referred to deolsions which lay .It
down that th. Judicial Committee
is not a court of criminal appeal,
but will only Interfere If what hu
been dona ln the court below la
grossly contrary to the forma of
justice or vlolatoe fundamental
principles, I told him that I hadj
those deolsions before me and tkat
lt was our respectful submission
that out application oame within
the test they set up. I mentioned
ln this connection Arnold va. The
King-Emperor, (1814) Appeal
Cases, 644, In. which lt wai pointed
out that where there wu no evidence at all upon which to support
the Indictment or oonviotlon the
Board would interfere. I then aald
that the cue on the petition, apart
altogether trom questions of misdirection and wrongful admission ot
evidenoe, wu that there wu ne
evidence whatever of a seditious
conspiracy on the part of Russell
and the other accused or other persons, and that tho Crown's eau
rested entirely upon appeals to prejudice calculated to lnfiuenoe a jury
Ignorant of tke legal rlghta of a
British subject. I sought tto go
into the facts for tho purpose of
establishing this position. Their
lordships were unwilling that I
should do so. Lord Dunedin aald
he was unaware of any relief being
granted by the committee in a
criminal cue where there had been
an appeal from the verdict ot a
jury to a court of appeal ln the
colony. The Lord Chancellor referred to a section In the Criminal
Code which prohibits appeala from
the unanimous'Judgment of the
court of appeal ot a province to
the supreme court of Canada, and
Intimated tkat the enactment
should serve u a guid. to tho oommlttee not to entertain the petition.
Lord Haldane said they had In applications of the kind to considor
their effect upon the Empire, Both
he and the Lord Chancellor desired
to keep my discussion of the facta
to some limited branch of the case,
for instance, u to what took place
at the Walker Theatre meeting,
where Russell wu reported by one
ot the witnesses to have said that
soviet government Bhould be introduced tn Canada, and lf lt were not,
blood would be shed. I replied that,
granted that iuch a remark wu
made, lt did not. prove seditious
conspiracy, however muoh lt might
be strained to form the subject of
an indictment against Mr, Russell
for seditious utterance. If auoh an
indictment had been preferred the
preponderance of evidence would
show that Mr. Russell did not make
the remark, that during the etrlke
he had urged the etrlkers to avoid
violence and disorder and had in
other way. shown full respect for
constituted' authority. I ask.d pu
mission to go into th. facts connected with the general strike. Ii)
pointed out,that the strike wu relied upon by the Crown u an overt
act In furtherance of a seditious
conspiracy. 1 would meet thie by-
showing that the metal tradea and
building trades of Winnipeg had]
gone on strike over wages and
hours and over the refusal of the'
masters In the metal tradu to ne-'
gotlate with the Metal Tradea:
Council upon a schedule of wages;
that the two grades had applied to'
the Winnipeg Trades and Labor1
Council for aid; that a vote of or-:
ganized labor had been taken upon
the question whether a general,
strike should be held ln support of1
thr two trades; that the vote lasJ? (
overwhelmingly ln favor of goingejA,
on strike, and that the evidence'p
also showod that the strike committee at the outset of the strike
as well as during its progress, announced in the Strike Bulletin that
the strike could be settled In
twenty-four hours of tho masters
would meet thom in. a reasonable
way. Their lordships shook their
heads. I then said their position
made ft useless for me to proceed
further as it was rami to the application.
Their Lordships In giving Judgment could have aald that soction
1025 barred the application. If
they had said so, thoy would havo
held that the section is constitutional. It Is sugestlve that they
took no such view. They could
have held that the section is unconstitutional   and   have   granted
"u (By J. 0. Smith)
' For some time the above question hu been frequently dlsoussed
by many of the worken and la no
'doubt a leiy vital question. In
the recent Issues V. R. Mldgley,
II. Winch and J. M. Clark have
written articles on this question,
ateh of them having their own
opinion on th. subjtct.
In perusing their respective
articles, I admit that then la some
good pointi in all of them, but In
my opinion the real reaion for the
three of th.m "going to th. bat"
on th. matter ls not so muoh the
question of the particular form ef
organization, but th. queatlon ot
who should collwt the per oaplta
tax. While I hare mentioned
Midgley, Winch and Clarke I have
no intention of pointing them out
personally, but u Fellow Worker
Mldgley atated during Mi address
te th. Loggers, I am attar th.
oajiie and net tb. efteot Th. p«
capita system li on. of th. .rill
that w. hav. brought with ui from
the craft form ot organisation, and
li the key-itone of the A. F. of L.
If a small organisation li oolleot-
Ing per capita tax trom a number
it workers, and a larger organlutlon feel! that lt needs thli money
then the A. F. of L. li no tilled to
that effect, and ahould the A. F.
of L. decide that th. request is too
"raw" and refuse to comply with
th. request the threat ot the withdrawal of tbe large per capita soon
changes their mind. It ti ln thli
manner that Jurisdictional disputes
an settled. We should avoid, if
possible, "the "plt-falla" and endeavor to lid ourselves ot the many
evils that permeate the International organizations. ' Destructive
criticism will not get ui anywhere,
and I would dispense with the per
oaplta lystem and substitute a general fund system. By'this robstltu-
tlon the question of Industrial or
geographical forma of organization
will be discussed trom an un-blu-
ed standpoint, and the best results
will b. achieved for the organization. Let ui look at the preaent
situation. If th. Loggen desire to
have any ohange made ln the oon-
ititutlon and are unablo to havo
their wishes carried out by the O,
B. U convention, what would be
their' easiest way to obtain their
object? A threat -to tak. away
their per ceiplta wonld mak. the
(.exeoutlve board do some tail think.
ping. At the lut oonvention the
Coggers wen given a representa-
itlve' on the board. If their membership had been 100 would they
have got that representation? I
only uie thli u an Illustration to
'ftftw what opuld take place with
[the per oaplta syitem ln voguo.
An far u I know th. Loggers have
nnf attempted to uu their power
ln.the'way mentioned but the faot
♦einalns that auoh thingi have hap-
Vetted before, and my contention
.Is that a ayetem that prevents the
^ore-mentioned condition! li mueh
preferable. Th. general fund lyitem operates for the benefit of th.
organization u a whole, and not
ijtei any particular unit, that la, th.
Industrial versus
Geographical Organization
Ueve to appeal. Te hav. .0 hold
would have been considered by Canadian! who are anxlou. to hold,
contrary to elementary facta and
by strange and doctrinaire fiction!,
that Canada li a nation, t. b. a
blow at the sovereignty of th. Dominion Parliament In a matter
that can be deemed to fall within
the sphere of Canadian self-government. They oould also hav. held
that the section Is limited to appeals u of right and doei not effort th. discretion ot th. King t.
grant leave to appeal. Te have
taken thli course would have been
fo Ignore, It would have been laid,
the intention of the Dominion parliament in passing the Motion u
•hown In th. language of th. Motion and In the correspondence between Sir John Thompson, Minister of Juatloe, .and the Imperial
authoritiei at th. tlm. th. Motion was passed. The oommlttee
preferred to take none of thert
courses. They laid th. petition did
not come within the lln. of authorities already mentioned, whloh
lay down that th. Judicial Cm-
mittee will not Interfere In a criminal cue except when justlo. In
Its very foundation! hu been subverted It wu th. obvious thing
for the committee to do. It ls ln
the attitude of the oommltte. during th. discussion that we must
flnd Its Judgment. Affect hu been
given to an Act that undouptedly
Is unconstitutional In order that
the extent of the plenary powers
of the Dominion Parliament u a
aoverelgn legislative body shall not
be drawn In question, and that the
status of Canada u a nation, which
It hu claimed for Itself, shall not
be challenged by the King's Judlolal advisers. The Manitoba Fne
Press, pending the hearing of the
aplicatlon, took the position that
the application Involved the queatlon of Canadian self-government,
rather that th. question of the
guilt of Russell. Iti view hu prevailed. Legal and constitutional
facts are deemed in some quarter,
to be nullified by Imperial usage
springing from a wise diacretion.
Less ardent people, whil. welcoming the Imperial attitude, do not
commit themselves to th. view
tbat the constitutional position hu
thereby been altered. The supremacy of the Imperial Parliament
In point of law remains undiminished   by   any   prescriptive   title
pnsed on usage that Canada may
W_ "»•
The discussion before the Judicial Comlttee carries with It the
■Implication that Canadian Court.
ere clothed with the autonomy
fl^nt belongs to Institutions of a
country possesBod   of the fullest
wers of self-government. Quite
regardless of section 1025 the Judicial Court of Appeal ln the case
was not subject to review by the
Committee. I think I am violating no confidence when I Htato
that this view wu also expressed
by the Lord Chancellor In a conversation I had with him on a
subsequent occasion,
share In your regret that the
Judicial Committee did not see flt
to grant leave to appeal. In qiy
view, considerations quite as
weighty as thoso to which the
Committee deferred should havo
Induced the Committee to have
pronounced upon the issues of fact
and law that the case present!.
Respectfully submitted,
W.   H.   TRUEMAN,
August  7th,   1920,
monlM oolleoted by the varioui
unit! belong to the organization,
and not to the unit that collect!
them. For Instance a unit ln Winnipeg hu In lti tnuury $1,000.00
this amount dou not bolong to that
particular unit; but Jto th. organization and th. earn, applies to all
othir unit*. It will b. readily seen
that und.r thl. system It will not
matter who collects th. monoy, u
all ar. benefitted by IL With' this
flnanclal systsm In fore. th. conititutlon would hav. te make pro-
vlilon fer th. dlibunement of th.
money, but u that ll a matter that
can eailly be dealt with I will paw
It onr. Under .th. p»r capita lyitem a unit may bare to disband oa
aooount of finance., whereas lt H
wen possible for them to obtain
a few hundred dollars thay may
b. abl. to- tide onr tbe itnnuoui
period and at a tutun data b. et
valuable assistance to th. movement
Wlnoh itate. that men are governed by thalr material Intarut
Quite true. Thli being io, what
•tand will a man tak. ln a question
of Induitrlal or geographical form
of organization t .He wtll run true
to form and aot according to hi!
material Interest!. Individual! will
not determine the term of organization but condition.. It wu stated on th. floor ef th. recent Log-
g.n' convention 'That lf It wert
not fer the Llggers there would
be no O B. TJ." I will venture to
Mat. "Tbat If then'wen not certain conditions prevailing la th.
logging Industry thn. would b. no
L. W. I, U." aad the urn. can b.
•aid ef the' O. B. U. Itself. If we
believe In solidarity then let tu be
consistent Ltt ui hav. one objeot,
on. common fund aad en. union. It
li not only In th. question ot th.
form of organisation but tn nearly
every mattor that affect, ui that
you will flnd tbe per capita system Interfering with honest criticism. Ai t hare already taken up
mon space than I Intended, I wtll
team the lubjeot aad at a future
date will endeavor to deal mora
fully wtth the general fund system.
Feudal Lords Fight Russia
to Keep Back Revolutionary Discontent
Bucharest.—^ The retaking et
Vkrania by th. .Red troops, which
pushed on the Polish-Russian front
to the vicinity ef Gullcla caused
no little anxiety te the Rumanian
government, The Immediate celling
te arm! of the army reservist! ll
the tint consequence of thli alarm.
Already ln the spring of thli year
the Rumanian government reckoned with the event ef a war agalnit
Russia Undoubtedly the clrcum-
ttancw wen ever m muoh mon
more favorable at that moment. It
ls a truism that Rumania engaged
herself In war oaly at a moment
when the luue seemed no longor
Rumania remained passive la
th. flrst Balkan war; In the second Balkan war ihe obtained her
share of the booty without any
sacrifices on her part She also
lay in wait for two yean In .the
world war until she considered the
moment propitious for her designs.
Towards Soviet RubsIo, too, Rumania followed for a long time a
vague polloy until ln the spring
when the Polish offensive—evidently supported by the Entente—
wu proclaimed with muoh ado,
there wu a hope ef the Red ar-
my*! downfall. And oven at that
moment, Rumania did not decide
en a military intervention at the
aide ef Poland. Tbo Rumanian
government had iti handa full with
trouble! ln the home oountry and
when an Imperiallatlo campaign
offend a favorable occulon to
postpone the settling of social
agrarian differences at homo,
everything remained at the .tag.
of military preparation! only be-
oaura lt very Boon became evident
that the Polish offensive wu not
very muoh 'more than a fanfaronade.
Whilst however, the Rumanian
war preparations In the spring had
not other objeot than to participate
In the eau of Polish victory lp -the
spoils of war and to ingratiate Rumania u a Bolshevist lighter with
the Entente, the present mobilisation li produced by Rumania's real
alarm. The Russian divisions are
approaching the Rumanian frontier
and the Rumanian government ls
regretting now Itl failure to make
eeaea with Ruisia, when there wu
a chanoe of doing ao.
The grut Rumanian landowners tho boyars, aro fully awaro
that with every mile that Lenin
and Trotsky battalion! advance
tbere grow, alio th. revolutionary
discontent of the small farmer,
and peasants In Bessarabia, and In
the territory of ancient Rumania
Oeneral   Avarucu   suppressed   In
Z"   *******mmmm^********t**mmttmmmmt
'** l——**********mmm,IMS
The Time of Year
Is Fast Arriving
when you will need shoes thst will gfte jam more train
and general satiafaotion. I have made vp Hneo that havt
proven in the past to bo tho bost for all B. C. purposes.
In doing this I havo taken into consideration tho faet that
an ordinary boot can be bought anywhoro at* priee, bnt
when it eomes to standing up in the wet yon must hart
something better. I depend more today than ever before
on shoes that are all solid leather, and the best leather at
that In looking over tho general run ot shoes after
they have boen worn I tee that if thoy had been all
leather tjtey would have worn double as long.
Men's Wprk Boots
Boys' School Boots
Men's Dress Shoes
That I Manufacture
When yon want a real good job dons in shoe
repairing giro na tho opportunity- Vft are
botter equipped than one bef ore aad oaa guarantee onr work.
Hit tht Rumanian peasant revolt, but Avarucu, the prime mlnliter, will net have iuch an easy
taak, where then li no longer the
question of an Isolated peasant rising but et aa upheaval whloh
aim. at upsetting th. whol. feudalists system still prevailing la
th. Kelt of Europe. Th. mobilisation ot the Rumanian army ls an
opon confession by the Rumanian
government of the Mrlousness of
tbe situation.
Buy et a unloa Mon.
FarnaoM, tt90***a-, woe.
Hold, Cate, Range.
Central Sheet Motal Works
Boyal Store Bepair Works
Sey. SM-eSSO
New Method Shoe
O. B. U..Help
Opposite B. C, Electric
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and Jun., ini
Giving th. tru. fact, and all tk. details. A book tbat ihould
b. ln .vsry horn.. Ov.r 300 pages of th. most Interesting reading ever published. Bend your ordera to James Law, Secretary
Defense Commute., Room 4, 120 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, ther. ls dang.r la d.lay, th. bMt
time ls today.  DO IT NOW.
rtleeti. Bundl. ordor., $40 per 100 copies; fat per It copies,
flO per it copies, single copies SOo eaoh.   All charges prepaid.
September 11 to 18
For Information and Premium Lists address H. S. ROLSTON,
120 Hastings Street Wert. P.Ar.E SIX
r   i
TWELFTH TEAR.   NO. 34     Xnj!i  JBKlTlSn   UULiUiVlBlA   r---RATlVm_~r    V1K0OUVBB, a a
FRIDAY August  20,   1S2U
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade ia a UNION produce from Btart to finish.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead the Newi ftom the Pralrio Metropolis
Subscription price $3.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Address all communications with reapsct to subs and advts,, to
HARRY WttliCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Bdltor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
rer Twenty Tears we bave Issued tbls Union Stamp for ue under ear
FeaeeM Collective Bargaining
FerUls Both Strikes end lockouts
DUpnttl Settled by Arbitration
Steady rmpl.jm.nt ud Skilled Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries te Dealers snd Fablic
Peace sad Sacceis te Workers and Employors
Prosperity ef Skoe'Hiking Oomnranltlei
As loyal unloa mm and women, we uk
yea te demand shoes tearing the above
Union Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining.
OoUli lovely, general- Predd.it.   Oharlsi L. Balne. Oeneral Sec-Tress.
Vancouver Unions
OOUMOIL—President,  V.  B.  Midjley;
llM.prciid.iit, J. Marshall: SecreUry, J.
B. Cempb.ll; treuurer,   J.   Shew;  ser-
Kutat-arms, B. King; tntlfu. W. A.
tehard, J. S. Motion. J. M. Olert, A.
J. WUion. He.U lit and trd Wednesdays escb month at Pender Ball, Fender
Strut Welt,	
ell—MuU   ucond    Mender    In   the
p.nth.    Pruldent. J. P. HoOonnell; no-
Mary, B. H. Meelindl, P. 0. Boi »».
ud Reinforced Ironworkers, Local >'
—MuU uund ud foarth Mondays.
Pruldent Ju. Hutlngi; dnaoelal see-
Mterr ud treuerer, Bey Muuur, Boom
SIB Libor Temple.
Lnmber Indutry (cimp and mill)
■ut with fellow workeri In thit lnduitry. Oriental Into tho Lumber Workeri
lnduitrlil Union of thi 0. B. U.  Head-
}Barters, el Oordova St. W., Tutoutir.
bene Sey. 7S56,  _
MuU erery 2nd ud 4th Wednesday.
In the month. Prei., A. J. Wilson. Sec-
treas., J. R. Cimpbell. Pender Hill, Pen-
der Street Wut. Houn, » s.m. to e
em.  Phone Sey. 1.1.
MeeU lut Sunday ol eaeh month at
1 pm. Pruldent, A. E. Robb; rlu-
pruidut, 0. B. Collier; ucretirytreii-
erir. B. B. Neelands. Bos 80,
ployui, Local SS—Meeti erery ucond
Widneidly In thi month at 2:30 pm.
ud every fourth Wedneidiy ln the month,
at >;30 p.m. Pruldent, John Comminii,
HUltnry ud beilneu agent, A. Onhim.
OSce ud muting hsll, Hi Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. 1681, OBce houn, 8
sa. to 8 p.n.
Lumber and camp workers' in.
dutrlll Unit of thl One Bis Union—
Aa lnduitrlil union of ell workeri in logging ud eonitntctlon cimpi. Cout District ud Oenersl -Headquarters, 81 Cor
due St. W., TueouTir, B. 0. Phone Soy.
7150. E. Winch, genorll secretary-
tnunnr; legal advlieri, Meun. Bird,
Macdonald . Co., Tuconver, B. C; audi-
ten, Meun. Butter * Chlenl, Vucouver, B. 0.
Association, Local 86-62—Office md
bill, 163 Cordova St. W. Meet! Irst
ud third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
(maurer, Thomu nlxon; buiineu agent,
PlUr  Binclllr.	
Sabine firemen a oilers unit oi
thl 0. B. U. meet In their union hill
at Roomi 8 ind * Empire Hotel. 70 Hut-
lag! Eut, fint ind third Wednesdny in
ttl montb.    Preildent  V.  Owens:   vice-
{r.lidrnt, D. Cirlins ucrctirr, Eirl Kins.
IoLlwobkers employed in THB
Limber InJuetry, organise Into the L.
W. I. U. ol the 0. B. U. MUlwork-
en, bruchu meet u lollowi:
Tucou.er— Lumber Worken' hildqusr-
Un, 61 Cordora St. W. Eury Mondiy
Sew Weitmlmter—Leber Hell ur. Royal
An. snd fib St. led ud Alb Wedneidiy! it 8 p.m.
IMsu Mills—Old Moving Picture Thea-
tn, Milllirdvllli.   2nd ud dth Thun-
Vort''Mo<&i^-Orugi HsU, Ind Frldsy,
eviiy month, et 8 p.m.
In' Celt of thi One Big Unloa, Metal
atueu Mlnen—Vancouver, B. 0., held-
«arUn, 61 Cordon Street Wut. All
Workers engaged In thli lnduitry are
afg*d to loin thi union before going
Ike Jeb.   Don't wait to be organised.
)eb.   _	
"du younelf.
forth America (Vancouver ud vlcln-
Hy)—Bnneh meeU leeond ind fourth
Mlndeyi, Boom 204 Libor Timple. Presl-
fiat, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
YuMhVir; Inmclel SecreUry, E. Qod*
lard, 116 Rloherdi Street; recording sec-
Mtsrr, 3. D, Ruiiell, 026 Commercial
prlve.   Phoni High. 2204B.	
ers—Toa aud the Cimp Workers ol
Mar lnduitry. They need you. Organise
•Mather In thi 0. B. U. lndutirlal Unit
at year owupstlon. Delegitei on every
lib, er write the Dlitrlet Heldquirtere,
11 Cordova St. W., Vincouver.   Entrlnce
tee, 11.00; monthly does, ti.oo.
Fssteners, I.L.A.. Loesl Union 8BA,
Serlu 6—MuU the Ind ud dth Frldiys
at ths month, Lsbor Temple, 8 p.m.
Kuld.it, William Maylor; laaaehd uc
tetary ud busineu agent, M. Phelps;
amependlng suntsry, W. Lee. Ofloe,
    207 Laber Temple,
__Jto iito  ttmaw buLwax'
Knloy.es, Pleaeer DlvUlon, No. 101
•i.'l      i\      m     CT_1I       U__bo    Vlaaaant
.-Heats A. 0. F. Hell, Moant Pleasant
lit ud Ird Mondaya at 10.16 aai. and l
'    "   '     ll.   Wfby;   wording
-Oth Anaae
Fair. MM*
M.    Pruldent,
bsntsry, F. (. OrlBn, u.. —.-■—,-;
fasti tmserer, W. Sidaway: «nencial
leentary ud business sgent, W. H. Cot-
bill, 4806 Demfrlu Street; office eorner
Wer nd Msln Sts.  '" """"
ers* Union— _
leys, 806 Lsbor,
WUion, 1168 Or
«. T. Kelly, 181
"" "i ft. _   ""
' *"ie,tlc". Loul Ho. 178—Meeting! held
«rit Mondiy ln eich month, 8 p.ra. Preildent, A. R. Oltenby; vice-preiident, D.
Lawson; recording iecretary, C. Mc-
Donald, P. 0. Box 60S, Phone Seymour
8261L; Inmcill iecretary, T. TempleUn,
P. 0. Boi 608.
en Bridgemen, Derrickmen and Rlggero
ot Vancouver ind vicinity. MeeU overy
Mondiy, 8 p.m., In 0. B. U. Hill, 804
Pmder St. W. Pruldent, T. L. Hewitt;
financial lecrcUry ud buiineu sgent, E.
Borne. Phone, Seymour 201.
Provincial Unions
ud Libor Conncil—MeeU flnt ud
third Wedneidiyi, Knight! ol Pythias
Hill, North Perk Strict, at 8 p.m. Preildent. E. S. Woodwlrd; vice-preiident,
A. C. Pike; lecretlry-treuurer, Ohrlltiin
Slverti, P. 0. Bos 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Meeti flnt and third Friday each month
st 1424 Governmont Street.   Third Friday
open forum.   Secretary, E. Waterson.
bor CouncU—Meet! ucond end foarth
Tnesdiyl of elch month, in Cirpsnters'
Hell. Pruldent, S. D. MoDonald; vici-
preildent, A. Ellli; lecretary, Olo, Wed*
dill, Boi 278, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets overy Tuesday in the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Muting! opin to ail 0. B. U. memben. See.
retary-treuurer, N. Booth, Boi S17
Prince Rupert, B. 0.
Chicago. — Chicago may soon
have a oo-operatlve bank. It Is
claimed that there Is over 16,000,-
000 of trade union funds deposited
in the private banks of Chicago,
and co-operators report that the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers, as
well as other large unlona are
friendly to a oo-operatlve bank.
Tho Equity Co-operative Exchange
of St. Paul will support the bank,
it is said.
Put a one-cent stamp  on  this
paper and mall It to a friend.
J. H. Healey
824-825 Rlrka Building,
Vanconver, B. C.
Pbone Sey. 707$
Glasses fitted for the relief of.
headache and eyestrain.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, $5
a box. Sold at all Drag Storei, or nalltd
to any address on receipt of price. Tlfc
Scobell Drug Oo., St. Catherine*, Ontario.
Reatorei Tlm and Vitality; for Norre and
Brain; Inereaiei "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you np. |8 a box, or two for
$5, at drug itorei, or by mail on receipt
of price. Tba Scobell Dnff Oo., St. Oath-
arinei, Ontario.	
16 Hastinga Bt. E.
0. B. U. 0A1D
Patroalu Thoie Wbo Patronlie 7ml
,l*e St. W., Del
Ballard's Furniture Store
Pbone Sey. 21S7
We alwayi carry In etock a good
eelectlon of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, alio
linoleum and medium priced carpet
iquarea, rugi, ete. Wc can eare you
money ae we aro out of tbe blgh rent
How the Queensland Government Dealt with
the Question
The State of Queensland had the
honor of being the flrst state in
the Australian Commonwealth to
move ln the direction of establishing farm settlements for her returned soldiers. The idea was conceived in 1915 by the Queensland
Labor government, long before the
other Australian governments woke
up to the fact that soldiers would
need repatriation when the war
was finished. After the fullest Inquiry, the government decided to
establish the flrst settlement at a
place called Beerburrum, some 400
miles north of Brisbane, the capital city of that state. Here in August, 1916, an area of over 60,000
acres was thrown open for soldier
settlement, and the government set
aBlde money to commenre operations. Next month clearing operations were commenced, returned
soldiers being given the work to
do. The first settlers were nine Invalided soldiers, and the numbers
have been added to day by day
until there are some 400 returned
soldiers happily settled there. The
flrst ballots for land—blocks being
chosen by ballot under the government scheme, that being considered the fairest way of doing
business—was held In 1916; the
flrst crops were planted In June
1917, and the flrst fruits sold off
the land about 20 months later.
The settlement ls devoted almost
wholly to iplne-apple growing, although some citrus crops, and
other fruits and a little poultry
raising Ib also in evidence.
Low Bate of Interest
The subdivision of the land was
so arranged that the average area
of the blocks ls about 35 acres,
and each has from 16 to 20 acres
of good fruit land. The land is well
drained, and easy to work. There
are four railway stations on the
property, while a considerable area
has been set apart for an experimental farm for demonstrative
purposes, and where soldiers can
gain experience prior tb going on
their own blocks. The returned soldier goes before the selection committee, and lf passed, is granted an
area. He then either gains experience at the State farm at $10 per
week and keep, while working
there, or goes right ahead on his
own land. If he has money he
can do the necessary clearing,
planting, house and fences himself
—If he has not, the government
does lt for him on long dated terms
extending over 40 years. For the
flrst 7 years interest only is charged
at the rate of 8 1-2 per cent, for
the flrst yecir, 4 per cent, for the
second, and 6 per cent, for the rest
of the term. No advance, however,
Is made unless work or Improvements of equal value IB done. In
the 'eighth year the Interest and
Redemption payment commences
with half-yearly payments at the
rate of 6 1-2 per cqnt. The tenure
of land is perpetual lease. The annual rent from the fourth to the
16th year ls 1 1-2 iper cent, of the
capital value, of the land, averaging about $6 per acre. The annual rent for each 16 years is determined by the Land Court. The
selector has to perform continuous
and bona-flde personal residence on
the land and he cannot sell his
lease during the flrst Ave years, nor
can he transfer It for a further 6
years unless to another returned
Good Progress
The progress of the estate has
been highly satisfactory. About
400 blocks have been alloted, near,
ly 200 houses erected, wells sunk,
160 miles of fencing done, and
over 80 miles of roads made. The
township is gradually growing, and
besides the administrative build'
Ings, there are all manner of shops
and stores to fill the wants of the
1200 men, women and children
on the area. The output of the
farms last year were over 20,000
cases of pineapples, and the output
for this season will reach 60,000
cases, and gradually increase year
by year.
In connection with the returned
soldiers' pineapple growing industry, the Queensland government
sent experts to Honolulu and California to learn the last word in
canning factories. As a result
there has been erected at Bulimba,
near Brisbane, perhaps the finest
fruit canning establishment In Australia, fitted with sdme of the latest machinery obtainable. Its canning capacity Ib 100 tins per minute, and the plant can turn out
1000 cases of canned fruits In an
eight-hour shift. The cannery ls
managed by the State trade department of the Labor government
Another Settlement
In April, 1918, a settlement for
returned soldiers was established
at Flkedale, ln the Stanthorpe district ln the southern portion of the
State. This has proved very successful, and upwards of 800 returned soldiers are settled here growing
fruits. These numbers will be
largely added to as soon as certain
necessary railway facilities are
completed. Over 600 acres have
been cleared, and a further 600 are
tn hand. 130 miles of fences have
been built, while 60 miles of rabbit.
proof fences have also tieqfi greeted.
Over 40,000 fruit trees have been
planted, and about 100 homes
built for settlers, together with administrative buildings, quarters for
single men, and the necessary
shops and stores. A sawmill has
been Installed, and last year over
220,000 feet of hardwood was sawn
for building purposes on the settlement. About 40 acres have been
planted with grape vines and vegetables.
Near to Brisbane returned soldiers are settled at Enoggara and
Mount Gravatt, at poultry raising.
Operations only commenced shortly before the end of last year, but
all the blocks are occupied already.
Good progress has been made at
these places—houses have been
orected, Incubators Installed, and
silos built for the storage of grain.
Breeding stock Is supplied to the
returned soldiers by the Labor
government and operations are In
full swing at thp time of writing.
Other settlements in tho Stato of
Queensland for returned soldiers
aro at Cecil Plain"- Mount Hutton,
National Executive Issues
Statement as to
Chicago—The National executive Committee of the Socialist'
Party, today Issued the following
statement on ths Russian-Polish
"The National Executive Committee of the Socialist Party Joins
.with the militant sections of the
France, Italy, England, and Germany in protest against the Imperialistic Allied powers in bringing
the world dangerously near another bloody struggle. Saving tha
junker set of Poland against deserved defeat at the hands of Russia would bring no relief to the
suffering masses of Europe. It
would only strengthen the French
banks and" Investors in the Baltic
States, and sustain ths Polish government of land owners in its
greed for more territory.
"The Russian government of peasants and workers ls clearly the
victim of Polish aggressions. The
Soviet armies fell back for many
weeks after the first advances into
Russian territory. They were reluctant to spill the blood of Polish
workers and peasants conscripted
by the Polish government. The allied powers acquiesced In the Polish raid, and aided the Polish armies with war materials and technical assistance. Western capitalism, through Its Imperialistic governments, saw in this last attack
on Russia a bare hope of the overthrow of the Russian  Soviets.
"But the Russian giant rose and
hurley the Polish vassals back to
the very gates of the Polish capital. Alarmed at the prospects of
the overthrow of the Polish landowners and militarists, the allied
powers were apparently ready to
plunge us Into another bloody war.
The generous terms of peace made
by the Soviet power tp the Poles,
kept secret by Lloyd George until
exposed in the London labor paper,
The Dally Herald show that Russia
has no alms against Poland that
are inconsistent with her independence.
"Allied imperialism has again
been exposed as a menace to the
peace of Europe and the world.
We rejoice that the German ijgrk^
ers have refused to pertmlt, thv
transport of troops and munitions
across German territory. W^cre^
joice that the British and Fifen*li
workers stand ready to invoke'a
general strike If allied capitalism
decides on another war In ,^tbe
East, We rejoice that the It^Uau
workers have forced their goyflrji-
ment to seek peace with Russia,.
"In solidarity with the workers
of these countries the Socialist
Party of the United States, repre-:
sentlng the class-conscious work?
ers of the nation, send greetings
of unity. We only regret that :the
official labor movement of the ynlr
ted States Is so backward In.understanding its International duty
in this crisis that It raises no voice
in protest against the sinister intrigues of allied imperialism."
South Wellington Lubor
Editor B. C. Federationist: Just
a line to let you know the position
of South Wellington from a Labor
standpoint. They are celebrating
Labor Day here, in a why all of
their own. Bosses and others, such
as footballers and half-pie suckers,
etc. An effort waB made to have
Labor men invited to speak, but It
was turned down. The ohalrman,
Mr. Sam McMurray (who, by the
way, waa president of the now de<
funct O. B. U. local at South Wellington), stated that if these Labor
men were allowed to speak, it
would cause some unpleasantness,
because people of all shades of po.
lltlcal opinions would be there.
Out of about 40 men who were at
the meeting (and many of them
are so-called pronounced Socialists)
only two had the courage to take
exception to the chairman's re
marks, and one of these men got
up and said: "Well, if no Labor
men are going to be allowed to
speak, then no coal company officials or .political fakirs should be
allowed to speak, because he was
sure they would cause some unpleasantness also."
l_p\v, sir, South Wellington used
to be looked upon as the home of
the Heels,.but truth will out. Tiny
are very, very radical; say It with
a whisper; they have got the tenacity of a pound of tripe, the backbone of a jelly flsh, and when
comes to doing things (that count)
the air is minus their presence,
therefore less poluted, it perhaps
ls not necessary the readers of The
Federatlonist should know this,
but it will negative any impressions
they may have had, of the resplu-
tlon commencing at that great and
renowned mining camp of South
Wellington. iq
Tours for the cause, .„
Rldgelands, Taromeo, BurranAw-
an, ChaHestown, and Gordon-
brook. These all have settlers on
them engaged in dairying, stock
raising, and mixed farming. At
Athcrton, In the northern part cjf
the State, banana and sugar cane
growing is engaged in by returned
men, also the raising of potatoes,
oats, wheat, and dairying. In all
nearly 3,000 soldiers havs been
settled on the land, and all are doing well. In the matter of cost,
the much-abused Labor govern-
m'fent has done well, for according
to official statistics Issued by thc
Federal government, It is admitted
that while It costs $12,600 per man
to settle returned men on the land
In New South Wales, $8,800 \n Victoria, $7,050 In South Australia,
$6,500 tn West Australia, it only
costs $3500 per man In the Labor
state of Queensland. Ths other
states have Liberal governments.
The progress ln the other Australian states ia also considerably behind that of Queensland, and that
the activities of the Labor state^of
Queensland are the envy of other
Australian states can well be
Britain and America Are
Having Diplomatic
By Pan] Hanna
(Staff  Corespondent of Tha Fad*
erated Press)
Washington. — Diplomatic war
war ls raging between the United
States and Great Britain over ths
disposition of ihe former German
On the most reliable authority
it ean he stated that a clashing
exchange of cable notes on this
subject began between Washington
and London more than a week
ago, and iBUtlll proceeding.
The sudden arrival of American
destroyers at Miami last week to
stop the forging of another link
in the cable chain of Britain's overseas colonial empire was the nearest approach to an "overt act"
which this sensational wrangle has
bo far produced.
President Wilson took the Inla-
tive a fortnight ago, lt Is said, ln
requesting the British foreign offlce to give an acounting for a
series of acts lately directed from
London which have Indicated a
purpose to consolidate the former
German colonies as a permanent
integral part of the BrltlBh Empire.
The president has reminded
Lloyd George with hateful persistence that permanent disposition of
the colonies wrested from Germany can be made only by the
league of nations, as set forth in
the covenant of that Jack-o'-lantern body and |n the treaty of Verr
While he has not yet put lt
down in writing to Wilson, the British prime minister gives his real
answer to that argument by'making ready for a real peace conference ln London, to Include Russian delegates, at which the Versailles treaty will be scrapped and
the league covenant either burled
or completely re-drafted.
President Wilson- finds himself
completely isolated In this quarrel from his late associates, ln the
war for democracy. While cordially hating each other over dentils, the British and French imperialists have concluded a high
handed division of territory ln the
Near East and neither set of them
cares to be reminded of-their promisee under the league of nations,
And since Wilson has neither money to lend them nor troops to fight
their battles, he is no longer able
to coerce European politicians.
President Wilson's strange failure to express himself on the overshadowing ro1{sh crises is largely
accounted for by the bitterness of
his -feeling toward Great Britain
ln the matter of the former German colonies. There are men at
the state department who charge
that the Russo-Polish excitement
has been employed deliberately by
Lloyd George as a smoke screen to
distract attention from his permanent consolidation of the colonies,
the facts of which camo fully to
Wilson's attention only a fortnight
Eminent bureau chiefs who ordinarily employ the nicest language now exclaim "Hog!" whenever reference ls made to what
Great Britain has got out of the
world war Much of their bitterness grows out of the British determination to reach an amicable
understanding with Russia, and the
collapse of the whole Wilsonian
project to restore "Holy Russia"
intact to the monarchist emigres
and Bakhemltleffs with whom our
diplomacy and finance is so deeply
Involved. This bitterness multiplies
as the administration counts the
fow months which remain for it
to live and move ln the darkness
of "open diplomacy."
Finns  Want  to  Secure
Better Terms from
(By The Federated Press)
Superior, Wis.—An extra session
of the Finnish Diet tn order to
overthrow the present government
and form a new one to get better
peace terms from Soviet Russia,
lias been demanded by the Finnish
Social Democratic party, according
to a special cable to the Finnish
dally,  "Tyomles."
The Finnish White Guards have
been ordered mobilized and are
concentrating at Keml, Finland,
for the purpose of beginning an
offensive against Soviet Karelia.
Peace negotiations between Soviet
Russia and Finland have been
again opened at Dorpat, Esthonia,
according to the cable. The Soviet
government asks the liberation of
Red Finns as an answer to the
Finnish demands for the liberation of Finns imprisoned In Russia.
About a month ago the Soviet
government declared autonomy
for Karelia. A Soviet government
was formed, headed 'by a well-
known Finnish "red rebel," Edward Gylling, who was a member
of the overthrown Red government
of Finland. A Soviet Karelia constitutes a menace to White Finland, and It also means crushing
of the plans of Finnish Imperialism which aimed to annex Karelia
from Russia and create a Great
White Finland, with Murmansk as
its northern port
British Natives Held in
Bondage by the
British Honduras ls a eountry
Where everything grows prodigally
but whloh falls to produce sufficient
food for Its sparse population.
With millions of acres'of fertile
soil, hardly an acre per capita ls
cleared for tillage. The inhabitants are no longer kept off the
land by legal enactment but the
small quota of whites dominating
the dependency effect the same result ln other ways.
British Honduras ls a colony
where England's stewardship Is
one of vested rights and not of the
interests of the population. Its accessible lands are held in auoh huge
blocks as 1,250,000, 500,000, and
300,000 acres, unimproved. Originally granted for mahogany and
logwood cutting, they are retained
Intact, thanks to Inequitable distribution of taxation, from motives at
least semi-speculative. Their own
ers are, for the most part, anxious
to maintain the colony as a logging
reserve, though unwilling to do
anything to improve its forests or
render any but a small part of
them useful to mankind. To Insure a plentiful supply of helpless
labor they have opposed anything
tending toward the conversion of
theBe laborers Into independent
tillers of the soil. Of course a labor market crowded with men
skilled at nothing but mahogany
cutting enables them to keep wages
down to less than one dollar a day.
Education a Faroe
The men are doubtless worth no
more, judged even by American
Standards; but why? Simply because
education Is a farce, Those ln power have not provided one Institution at which the most elementary
principles of agriculture or other
work may be learned. There are
no Cornell or Purdue universities.
Furthermore, it has been impossible to obtain the building of roads
to tap government lands that are
for sale or lease, all of which He
back from the sea and the navigable portions of the rivers. Other
enterprises which, like farming,
absnrb some of the laber available, are not encouraged, regardless of the needs of the jnhabi-
less of the needs of the inhabitants.
Dependent largely upon the United Statea for essentials and having to pny high frelghtals, that the
United Fruit Company may roll up
yearly profits of 35 per cent, on Its
over-capitalized stock, It is not
surprising that the war shortage
and high prices were severely felt
In British Honduras. The colony's
trade has been in the control practically, if not nominally, of a coterie of whites in Belize. These
men tacked on all the traffic would
bear or the law allow. Thus, with
only a light duty on Imports, re-
tall prices twice those of the United
States, or more, became common.
As they were unable to earn more
and had to pay tretnendlusly higher prices for most goods, the coloured population were up against
tlio H. C. of L. to a greater degree
thnn Americans have been. They
became more dependent than before upon the advances of the logging contractors and were obliged
to continue to sign on by the yenr
at low wages. The standard of living sank further .than ever below
that obtaining ln the United States.
Uncial Feeling High
Of course .racial feeling waa intensified. Repeated fires, allegedly
incendiary, destroyed store blocks
belonging to whites. There was
talk, too, of annihilating the white
population and establishing a black
republic. Talk crystallized Into
riots promptly put down by marines from a British cruiser. Force
ended disorder but It did not kill
race feeling and discontent. The
economic grievances remain without uequate consideration or any
remedial action worthy of the
name. The colony s evdently to
continue more backward than the
poorly governed republics around
about It. .
But some of the colored folk
saw the light and, ignoring race
,%.,_ politics, are aiming at the
most vital spot—the pocket-book
nerve The merchants were whitewashed by the riot Investigators
but not by the residents at large.
There may be no Belize profiteers
or monopoly, of trade, as the investigators say. However, the merchants certainly overplayed their
hand. No one imagines that lack
of brotherly helpfulness on their
port toward the newly established
co-operative stores In Belize or a
line of credit is going to keep
those co-operative stores from success, They are regarded as the
thin edge of a wedge, to be followed by similar co-operatives In
the outlying settlements which will
broaden the attack on the merchants who aroused the natives.
Tho Path of Promotion
Leads Through One of Our COURSES
Stenography '
Secretarial  .
. Accounting
Civil Service
Line Telegraphy
Bend for catatonia iUt.ni couris deilred
Puplli accepted each Monday
Collegiate (University Ma trie, Jr.
and Sr.)
Coaching for exams,
of B.C.L.S..
Law Society,
Dental School and .
(By The Federated Press)
The Union Record of August 11,
published on Its first page an editorial urging the workers of the
United States to call a labor congress that will crystallize the protest of American workera against
war on Russia in the same way
that the BrltlBh workers have made
known their views to Premier
Lloyd Oeorge.
Patronize Fed. advertisers,
Labpr in England Is demanding
that less money be put ln military
pursuit and luxury buildings and
that the depleted educational system and the need of more school
houses be supplied with the funds
thus saved. The children are going
without schooling while the-jingoes
are building more guns and ships
to make war.
When through with this paper,
pass it on.
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here Tbey Ate, Indexed for Ton
Mr. Union Van. Ont This Ont ana Give It to Tou Wife
TisdaUs Limited  ..-.—.....618 Hastings Btreet Wert
J. A. Flett Hastings Street Wert
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)... .  Hsstings Street East
Boots and Shoes
..119 Hastings Street But
Milwaukee.—Pointing out the
Importance of political action for
the working class, Assemblyman
Knappe, said that lt was due to the
presence In the laat legislature of
the 20 Socialists that Wisconsin
was spared a disgraceful antl-ayn-
dlcallam law, such as was passed
In Illinois and under which Boss
Lloyd, Chicago millionaire, had
just been convicted.'
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
wben you are through with lu
Seattle.—Captain J. F. Purdy,
until recently In- charge of the Salvation Army work In La Grande,
Ore., has been recalled from that
town by his superiors here because
he Ib alleged to have urged that
the Union Record, Seattle Labor
newspaper, be prevented from circulating ln La Grande. La Grande
unions refused to give any assistance to the Salvation Army because
of Purdy's anti-Labor stand.
H. Walton*
Spc'isll.t la Electrical Treatments,
Violet. Ray ids High Frequency (or
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbsgo, Paralysis, Hair anil ticslp Treatments,
Chronic Ailments.
198 Hastings Street West.
Goodwin Shoe Co., _.'.,
hgled.w Shoe Store : . 666 Granvillo Btrott
Johntton'n Big Shoo House 409 Hasting. W.
" K " Boot Shop.™™ .—t. * 819 Hastingi Street Wort 1
Pierre Paris 64 Hastings Street Wert
Wm. Diok Ltd .Hastings Street Eaat'
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West j
MacLachlan-Taylor Company <S Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. CO Hastings W.
Boot Factory
Christie Boot Factory (1 Cordova Street W«*
Golden Gate Cafe ', Hastings Street Bart
O. B. U. Model Cat. 67 Cordova Street Wort
Orpheum Cafo Opp. Orpheum Theatr*
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers  ■
Dr. Wlllard Coates 30-31 Burns Bldg., li Hastings Street Wost
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 16th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder , 74 Falrfleld Building
Dr. H. B. Kidd 413 Granville Stroet
Dr. Isaac Poole, P. S. C. graduate   809 Bichards St.
Vancouver X-Hay Institute 614 Standard Bank Bulldlnf
Dr. H. Wo.lton 810-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 191 Hastlnga St. W.
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold * Quigley 646 GranvUle Stmt
Clumans, Ltd 1G3 HaBtings Street Wost
Clubb ft Stowart .808-818 Hastings Street Wart
B. C. Outfitting Co- 842 Hastlnga Street Wert
B.-C. Tailoring Co 342 Hustings Bart
Wm. Dick Ltd 88-49 Hastings Street Bart
Thos. Sestet A Co., Ltd 614 Granville Start
J. W. Foster ft Co., Ltd..
J. N. Harvey Ltd.	
C. D. Bruce...
..346 Hastings Streot Weat
Now Tork Outfitting Co....
David Sponeer Ltd.	
W. B. Brumltt	
Thomas ft McBain .............
-.lit Hutings Wost and Vietoria, B. a
 401 HaBtings Street Wost
...143 Hastings Streot Wart
Bastings Street
..Cordova Streot
...Granville Stroet
Woodwards Ltd  Hastings and Abbott Stroota
Victor Clothes Shop.   HS Hastlngi Woat
D. K. Book 117 Hutings Street Wort
Vancouvor Co-operative 41 Ponder Street West
Rlckson's 830 Granvillo St
Kifk ft Co., Lti. — .829 Main St., Soymour 1441 and 46S
Frasor Valley Dairies...
...8th Avenue and Tukon Streot
Dr. Brett Anderson	
Dr. W. J. Curry.	
Dr. Gordon Campbell.—
Dr. Lowo ............
Dr. Grady.	
..002 Hostings Wart
-.801 Dominion Building
...Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
...Corner Haatings and Abbott Stroota
...Cornor Hastings and Seymour Stroota
Britannia Beer....
Cascade Boor...
Patricia Cabaret ,	
Taxi—Soft Drinks.	
Van Bros.	
Coca-Cola Co	
,.._.Westminster Brewery Co.
—Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 .411 Haatings Street Eaat
..............409 Dunsmuir Stroet
 —.-Ciders and wines
 __. Winnipeg, Man.
Vancouver Drug Co...
..Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak A Suit Co . 628 Hastings Street Wert
Vancouvor Co-operative 41 Pender Street West ,
Success Business College Cor. Tenth and Main
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd.  48 Hastings East and 788 Granvillo Stntt
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Broi 2398 Granvillo Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 233 Klngsway,,
Nunn Thomson ft Glegg. 631 Homer Streot
Hastings Furniture Co.. ..__ 41 Hastlnga Street Wort.
Ballard Furniture Storo  1024 Main Street'
Home Furniture Company.... 41t Main Street >
Cal-Van Markot  Hastingi Street Opposite Pantagea
"Slaters" (throe itoros) .Hastings, Granvillo aud Main Streeta
Woodwards   Hastings and Abbott Streeta
Spencer-" Ltd  . ___.._....._.._..._ Hastings Street I
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Fonder Street West
Union Public Market .'. 36-37 Hastings Street West
8. T. Wallace 113 Hastings Street Wost j
Bia*k and Whit* Hat Store Cor. Haatinga and Abbott Streets
Central Hotel - 42 Cordova Streot Bart |
O. B. Allan 480 Granville Street
North Wost Mall Ordor Houso  016 Pender Street Wert
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin  i—  (Malkln'a Bert)
'   .     Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Bby, B.A., M.E 999 Broadway Woat
Musical Instruments
Mason ft Risch 738 Granvillo Street
Swltaer Bros 313 Hastings Street Wert '
J. H. Healey .
..824-826 Birks Bulldlnf
Morris Optical Co 'tr. 649 Granville Streot
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton ft Co., Vietoria, B. O,)
Paints !
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co _..... ...642 Granville Streot
Madame Hlnger 661 Granvillo Streot I
Madam Johnson 188 Hastings Street Wert
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse  .—Labor Tempi*'
P. O. B	
   Tower Building '
 and the C. N. R.
Stove Repairs
C.^trol Sheet Motal Works, Royal Stove Repair Works...600 Cambie St
Theatres and Movies
Empress   Orphoum  Pant>g««j
Terminal Steam Navigation Co., Ltd Union Dock* FRIDAY.. Auguat 20, 1926
'f-Utu 9J5V&N
Drudgery or Success—
Which do you choose for your child's future?
H As a Union Man, or wife of a Union Man,
" .you know-that unskilled jobs mean abject
poverty. Your young son or daughter simply
MUST be skilled in some calling to achieve success. ,x
n  The Success Business College specializes in,
~ , educating commercial specialists—the kind
that get into theiest positions and win the
highest promotion.        .
U| Our graduates are to be found everywhere
,y —that is everywhere in the really worthwhile office jobs. Our students are in demand
because employers of office help realize our system of tuition is complete.
|][ Personal attention of highly qualified tutors
* imparts to each student the best that is to
be offered in a perfect commercial training.
Rapid Calculation
Commercial Law
Offlco Practico
The shorthand aad
Shorthand and
Typewriting      "   .
Typewriting -
Rapid Calculation
Offlce Practioa
. Writing
Business     Couraea    Bp*'lin*
completo. Grammar
Bookkeeping, Junior
'Rapid Calculation
Offlce Practice
Rapid Calculation
Fall Term Starts August 30th
Corner Main and Tenth   Telephone Fair. 2075
North American
—when "delicious
and refreshing"
mean the moat,
Roma, Italy.—Italy la mapping
out a Russian poller ot her own, It
la roported ln diplomatic circles,
and will not follow the lead of Britain, France or th* United States.
your HOME  for you  on
We sell you the best of
goods — Carpets, Beds,
Bedding,    It 1 n o 1 e u m s,
Stows and Ranges, and
High Grade Furniture of
every description.
■ Furniture Co. I
I 416 MAIN Ml
^» (Opposite City HaU) ^B
IT seems to be a general notion
that all those who are disinclined to believe that the present system of government Is the
best possible, all those who have
socialistic tendencies, all those opposed to military expansion and
all those who- find fault with the
prevailing economlo system, are
foea of law and order. ' If a conscientious man arises nowadays
and says that he is a Socialist,
someone promptly arises and
sternly declares that he ls for law
and order. The adoption of this
cry of "law and order" by a certain class is not warranted, but
it would not matter lt It were not
producing a rather serious effect
There are many people who now
believe that all labor men, ajl Socialists, all single taxers, air communists, all those who roted for
Dixon and Ivens in the Manitoba
election, are foes to law and order. It ls time that the Idea was
dispelled. The number of people
opposed to law and order in Canada Is Infinitesimal. What all
these labor men, single taxers,
Bolsheviks, radicals, political heretics, eta want iot not the abolition
of law and order, but a better law
and a more equitable order. They
disagree -frith the orthodox conservative "law and order" crowd
as to what kind of law and order
ls the best for the general community _ All these "cranks" may be
woefully mistaken and be saturated
with Impractical notions; but because they believe that the system
oo which the world has been run
for centuries can be replaced by
a better system; It ls absurd to say
that they are opposed to law and
order. These "cranks" say in effect; The old system, perhaps, had
Its merits; It protected human life,
temporarily, at* least; education
certainly progressed under It, but
whether tf by or In spite of it we
are not prepared to say. But the
Bystem resulted In the older countries ln the collection of enormous
wealth by a few, and the impoverishment of millions, and it resulted
Anally ln war, death, misery, destruction and disaster." These
"cranks", declare that they are
looking tor an economic syatem
which will riot have suoh pitiful
results. Perhaps they have not
found Hie right solution; perhaps
they may make mistakes which
will prove temporarily terrible In
their results, ut ultimately they
must succeed for hnman progress
has almost outrun tha ability of
the old system to keep pace with
It. What Is the "good" citizen to
do under the circumstances—put
the "cranks" in jail? What Is the
use? The future of tho world
depends not on the man who holds
to things as they are with fanatical ferocity, but upon the men
who are' trying to discover some
permanent cure'for ulcerated hu
manity.—Turner's Weekly.
Versailles Treaty Aimed
to Give Adequate
*       Supply
French   Steel   Magnate
Shows Desperate Need
of Capitalists
[By Scott Nearing]
(Staff Writer, Federated Press)
Men die for lack of water. Capitalist nations die tor lack or "iron,
oopper and ooal.
Eugene Schneider, leading stsel
manufacturer of France, was
speaking before tho recent meeting of the International Chamber
of Commerce, He showed that the
steel industry was at the basis ot
alt other Industries; that the steel
Industry depended on coal, and that
France lacked coal to such an extent that "while the German steel
industries are, at this moment
working tt per cent of thetr total
capacity, the French steel Industry,
through lack of coal, can work at
only 25 per cent" He added:
"Gentlemen, It seems to me that
they can no more refuse us coal
than they csn refuse a drink to a
wounded man. • If, on your return
home, you are asked, 'What Is It
that the French desire most to receive from us? What .are they
ready to buy from us? 'Of whit
have they an urgent need?' Reply
The future of France; the fate
of France hangs on the coal supply. The treaty aimed to. provide
for this supply. The Spa conference devoted eight days to the
same end.   "V^ith what result?
France needs 6,300,000 tons 'of
coal each month. At Spa, on paper,
she was promised 1,500,000 tons
of German coal; 750,000 tons of
English coal; 250,000 tons of American coal, and 100,000 tons of
Belgian coal. She mines 1,600,000
tons herself. The total of her supply Ib therefore 4,200,000 tons, or
80 per cent of her requirements,
But this Is a paper total. A strike;
a rupture of diplomatic relations;
a local congestion of traffic—matters internal to four countries may
at any time reduce this supply to
the starvation point What then?
Then, French Industry dies for
lack of coal, as a man dies for lack
of waterl
\Vhen a man Is strangling, he
will do anything to save himself.
He wants to live flrst.
The capitalist nations, struggling for the supremacy of the
world, depend for their survival
upon Iron, copper, coal and other
resources without which there can
be no machine production. Their
survival depends on these things,
and when the supply te threatened,
they will flght—to the last shred
of their power. France Is one of
the capitalist nations; she Is
strangling for lack of coal, and she
will do anything within her power
to get lt.
Three cousse* are open to
France. She can develop her
water-power, and reduce her demands for coal; she can £o Into
the Near East and flnd a supply of
petroleum to substitute for coal,
or she can take the coal she needs
from Germany. To follow the first
course, she needs enterprise and
surplus. She Is lacking in both.
The second course Is blocked by
Great Britain. The third course
offers the line of least resistance,
and it Is that course that the
Franch diplomats followed at Spa.
Traditional, Imperial France
needs fuel. To get it, she must
face either Germany or Great Bat-
tain, or both. Germany and Great
Britain need fuel. To get it and
to keep It, they are willing to make
any necessary sacrifice
These simple economic facts explain, in large measure, Boirte of
the tangled cursent economic diplomacy.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers ln renewing
their subscriptions are sending in
the old price. Tlie new rates ara
aa follows: In Canada, 92.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year. United
States, |3.00 per year. If subscribers will see tlmt they send In the
proper amount It will aid as and
also avoid confusion.
Drugless Physicians
Hoan:   10-12;  2-5.   Evening!  by Sp*
-        polntment. f
Oor.  GranviUo  and. 1'ender  Sti.
Phone Sey. 8533
Special preparations are being
made for the presentation of "The
Truth" at the Empress Theatre.
The play deals with the effort
of a husband to break his wife of
the "fibbing" habit. She promises,
"Oh, yes," and In promising tells
another. No matter how deep a
hole she lies herself into, she always has another set of lies just
a little better to get her out of it
and Into another. The complications are most original, and follow
each other so fast that the audience
ls tn convulsions moat of the time,
The play Is so constructed that tho
audience knows the real facts
about which this devotee of tho
white He Is fibbing all the time,
and Is ln full position to appreciate
tha troubles she ls laying up tor
herself. Tou may think you are a
pretty good liar yourself, but Margaret Marriott agrees to give cards
and spades to anybody in the audience and beat them easily in hor
role in "The Truth," and that's no
Buy at a union store*
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to the
undersigned, and endorsed "Tender
Ior R.C.M.i*. Horso Stables, Fairmont.
Vancouvor, B. C, will be rocelvod until
12 o'clock noon, Tuesday. August 31,
1020, lor tbo construction of Horse
Stable! for tlie Royal Canadian Mounted
Police at Fairmont, Vancouvor, B. 0,
Plana and specifications can bo aeon
and forma of tender obtained at the offices of tho Chief Architect, Department of
Publlo Works, Ottawa, tho Resident
Architect, Victoria, B, C, tha Superintendent of Maintenance, Vancouver, B. O,
and tho Builders' Exchange, Mont roal,
Tenders will not bo considered unless
made on tho forma supplied by tho Department and in accordance with tho
conditions sot forth therein.
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered bank,
payable to tho ordor of the Minister of
Publio Works, equal to 10 per cent of
the amount of the tender. War Loan
Bonds of tho Dominion will also be accepted aa security, or War Bonds and
choquus if roquired to mako up an odd
By order,
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, August,  S,  1020.
Prison Comfort Club of
the U. S. Look After
Political Prisoners.
[py Virginia Whitman]
(Stall Correspondent (or The Federated Frees)
Chicago—I  had   been,scouting
around  Labor  Row   on   Ashland
Do *But
boulevard for several hours 'when
I suddenly came upon an unusual
spectacle. On the broad marble
steps of a magnificent old mansion
I beheld a small woman busily piling foot-square cartons one on another, 'tier on tier, until the front
doorway was almost obscured.
Bach carton was neatly labeled and
Being of a social and Inquisitive
turn of mind, I approached and
read the labels—a lot shipment ln
care of the penitentiary warden
at Kansas. When the last boy was
plaoed, the busy Uttle woman paused for breath and sat down on the
topmost step awaiting the approach
of the expressman.
"Why are so many boxes going
to the prison?" I asked.
"Why, don't you know? Thto If
a regular shipment of the Prison
Comfort Club to political prisoners/'
"Tell me about lt," I replied, and
she did.
"Vou remember when our- country entered- the European war,
many men and women were opposed to such action—some because they believed God meant
what He said in the Commandment, Thou shalt not kill'—others
believed the war made by and In
the Interests of profiteers. Some
of these men and women made
public utterances to that effect
Some simply went about their dally
tasks refusing to enter into the
military madness. Hundreds of
them were arrested, tried and con'
victed under the Espionage Act,
and are still serving long prison
sentences This Is our message of
comradeship and cheer to them.
"Each of these boxes contains
fruit, tobacco, candy and other
delicacies. Each box Is labeled., inside to an Individual prisoner. The
prison guards who distribute them
know the men by numbers only.
This one," pointing to a box cheeked with blue pencil, "goes<to No.—
It contains a quart of olive bit because No.— has tuberculosis,
the guard he is No.—, but to the:
Prison Comfort Club he Is CaesaP'
Tahlb, a comrade who may dlS'
in that cell house because he dared''
to dream of a time whea working?
men would refuse to kill eactf
"Why did you organise the Prl?
son Comfort Club?" I asked.        r
"Well, just because we were women, I suppose. Just because we
wero mothers used to expresstnl
our approval and love through food.'*
It was all perfectly simple,
you remember when you were ai1
good little girl your mother gavfc
you an extra piece of pie or A1
cooky? Well, just so it to with us.'
We wish to'do more than pass re-'
solutions and write letters to the
administrative and legislative officials, to put love and personal
service Into our efforts ln their
behalf so we feed them and clothe
their babies."
"Babies? Have these men babies?" I asked,
"Some of them have five. From
Oklahoma there is a group of nineteen tenant farmers, most of whom
are married and have small ohildren dependent upon tham. Last
winter the Prison Comfort Club
sent warm clothing and Christmas
gifts to every child and mother.
We will do botter than that tbls
winter, for the comrades throughout the United States are contributing to our fund."
"Why do you not extend this
work of relief to all prisoners?"
"Well, in. the flrst place because
our work Is not charity or uplift
work. It ls just sharing the
sponsiblltty of thetr sacrifice. They
went to jail for expressing our sentiments. We who are not ln jail
would be cowards indeed if we did
less than we are doing for them
and their loved ones. It's all sort
of ln the family, you see,
"Of courso, we are sorry for the
criminal prisoners, but we are ln
no wise acountable for thetr condition and we will leave thetr relief to the dllletante society philanthropists. He Is their responsibility—not ours,
"Oh yes, they always get their
parcels. The wardens have considerable respect for our club, because we are quite efficient and
after all, prison wardens are juit
men, some good, some bad.
"You see thiB file of letters—
thoy are from the boys who have
received parcels from us. We have
over throw hundred narrtes on ouj
Hat, but these letters bring us
greator cheor, comfost and encouragement than we can possibly send  to  them."
Wistfully   the   narrator   turned
the letters In the file, hundreds of
thom, pencil written on prison stay
ttonery.  With moist eyes she lifted
ono   tenderly.    "This   is   from   W
Spanish   comrade   who   Is  rap!
going blind," she said.   "He ma;
never again   see   his   loved   onei
tho beautiful green trees, or the
I glanced at the doorway from
which the cartons had now
removed. Tn gold typo across the
door stood forth the words—"National Headquarters of the Socialist Party, 220 South Ashland.*
The beautiful old. mansion was to
mo no longer the headquarters ol
a man-made political party, btit'
the homo of a great new Ideal iff
.which tho tenderness of mother^'
hood expressed Itself ln love an<j
Robert Williams (who was not
a totat nhstaincr) has returned
from Russia saying (Dally Herald,
"I am convincod that the prohibition of the sale of alcohol ln
Russia has led to physical, social,
and moral regeneration. Everyone to whom I spoko agreed that
the revolution could not have been
maintained had tho sale of intoxicants beon continued."
That was patont to thousands
of us a long /time ago, but every
little testimony helps..—OlasRow
Where Is your unloa button?
Thousands Are Executed
While Many More Are
Starred to Death
(By Marion Phillips, staff correspondent for The Federated Press
and the London pally Hail.)
Lorfdon.— Russian czardom has
gone from Finland, but its influence
remains, and It appears to be the
guide by which the Finnish re-ac-
tlon sets its course. In law, Finland Is free1 and. has advanced legislation guaranteeing political freedom to her citizens, with the right
of free speech and freedom of public meetings tully expressed.
In fact, tke continued existence
of the White Ouard aid the development of a political police for
Finland on the same model aa the
old Russian Okhiona together with
tho fear of the whole bourgeois
patty lest .the Socialist, given constitutional freedom, should return
in rower, make it Impossible for
tlto government to ignore thoie
Ihe treatment of the delegates
from the Aaland Islands, who went
to lay their case before the Swedish government for the union of
those islands to Sweden, and who
on their return were arrested by
the Finnish government, to typical
of their government's dealings with
Its Socialists on the mainland.
Make LttOe Impression
The horrors of the White Terror
seem to have made little Impression
upon the minds of those who are
outside SociaUst ranks. Yet to understand the situation today something must be known of what that
terror achieved. The figures can be
given very shortly, and are as follows; After the surrender of the
Red Army between sixteen and
elghtoen.thousand were executed.
- Of those who were imprisoned,
thirteen thousand died of starvation or starvation diseases. Three
amnesties have been passed for the
remaining number and these.have
been largely the result of foreign
criticism. Under each amnesty the
prisoners who are released are deprived of all civil rights. The Socialists have lost by death, starvation unit exile something like fifty
thousand members.
Many Still tak Prison
f° Fourteen hundred  trade  unionists and Socialists are atlll Imprison-
' d for complicity ln the revolution
ut In addition there are political
rlsoners arrested by the Finnish
tikhrana in all parts pf the country. Peaceful political meetings are
Woken up, sometimes by the White
uard and sometimes by the secret
ilice; and when   I  left   Finland
fere were about 30 men arrested
t a meeting of the Left Socialists
i"few weeke before, against whom
Ho accusation had yet been made,
who were threatened with trial
tbr high treason.
"I:The meeting in which they took
;>art adopted a programme whloh
'definitely excluded unconstitutional
-action or revolution by foroe, and
on this programme proposed to join
the Third International. The Scarborough conference' would have
been exactly parallel had the latter resolution boen adopted.
If that meeting had taken plaoe
ln Finland the secret police would
have closed the doors, arrested Mr.
Lansbury and some few hundred
others, kept them ln cells at the
political police offices, and threatened them with such a trial as that
which now hangs over their fellow
workers in Finland.
The effect of. the White Ouard Is
more insidious. Though a voluntary force not under the direct control of the government, it receives
a substantial subsidy from publlo
funds. At the present time it numbers 100,000 while the Finnish
army, made up of conscripts for
the most part ln sympathy with the
workers, Is only 40,000.
In the event of the Socialists being goaded into the use of force
(which they now oppose strongly),
the White Guard would be the government's main strength and the
army Itself would probably be disarmed and demobilized. .The White
Ouard exercises great power, especially ln the country districts. The
growth of the labor movement
there is continually hampered by
the fear of the people that they will
Incur reprisals.
Class war Is being carried on very
vigorously by the bourgeois parties
of unfortunate Finland, and what
the Socialists ask for more than
anything else Is that the position
of their party should be fully understood by labor movements of
greater lands, so that the government of Finland may realize that lt
cannot "gain the respect of the civ
llfzed world until lt gives complete
omnesty for political offenders, and
until it restores Individual freedom
to Us citizens."
Idly ty.
Now York—Tho . 2000 stltch-
down shoe workers of the Rosen-
Wasser factories, Long Island City,
have gone on strike, tying up those
Shops, Although the Rosenwasser
factories wero a few years ago
closed shops under agreement with
\he United Shoo Workers of Am-
,J #rica, the workers have been compelled dulng the last two years to
Work under non-union conditions,
%hlch were extremely harsh, the
declare.   Tho strikers' ropre-
ntatlves, which ore acting for the
tfhtted Labor Council, the body
'conducting the strike, declared that
{\\e employers will be forced to
meet the workers' terms, which
are: Union recognition 'and the
.{jnion shop, Improved working conditions which will eliminate habl-
't'ual abuse received at the hands of
'foreman and flat increase of 10
per cent.
been.- men
(By The Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. W.—Following a
conference lasting a week It wos
announced that tho New Zealand
Workers' Union, which takes In tho
rural workors, shearers, agriculturists, etc,,In that country had amalgamated with the timbor workers,
(tax-work ers, and railway workers,
nnd hnd also decidod to amalgamate with the Australian Workers'
Union In Australia—an organization covering all tlio rural workers
of the Australian continent. The
effects of this amalgamation are
fur-ronchlngnml point to the bringing niiont. of tho One Big Union
movement In the Antipodes,
Workers  Show  Revolutionary Spirit in AB
Possess Most Perfect Socialist Machine in
(By GIrolamo Valentl Thto en-
HghtenWnr article Is disseminated by
The Federated Press through speolal arrangement with the Socialist Review, In the current issue of
which It appear*)
During the lut few months Nltti governments have come and
gone ln Italy, due to the pressure
of Socialist forces. The present
crisis to not merely political, caused
by superficial differences between
the parties, represented ln parliament Nor is it provoked by the
fiascos in the foreign polloy ot that
unfortunate country. It is a crisis
due to the present Industrial structure, from which Italy can extricate herself only by changing from
capitalist to a Socialist system ot
Neither Franolsco Nltti nor 8a-
landra Olollttl nor even tho Now
York Tlmu ean find a solution.
The bourgeois system of government In Italy has, in fact, become
bankrupt Coal, Iron, oil and other
essential matterlals being absent
from Italian soil, the present condition of International exchange
has seriously crippled industries,
thrown hundreds of thousands of
workers out of employment, and
raised the cost of living past toleration. The enormous publlo debt
has-discredited all Italian commercial enterprises abroad.
Food Scarce
Italy, furthermore, to the only
country among the Allies which
has had to continue Its bread rations. Food has been so scarce that
'repatriated Immigrants have been
compelled to return to America because their money could not buy
the necessities ot life.
On account of these and other
conditions, Italy has been more affected by labor disturbances during
the past year than any other coun-
try. We have witnessed the big
general 48-hour strike of July SO
and 11, 1119, against Allied Intervention In Russia—the only general strike ln aay country against
Allied policy that accomplished Its
purpose. Then caiAe a striko tn
protest against the rought treatment of Socialist deputies at the
opening of legislature la December, 1919; the general railroad,
telephone, telegraph and postal
workers* strike; the general strike
called in Naples ln sympathy with
the steel worken; thoso ln Ventoe,
Milan and Bologna protesting
against the killing of alleged radicals; the strike of metal workera
and machinists all over the country; and that In Turin and all the
Peldmont region for the maintenance of shop councils, against the
bitter opposition of the manufacturers. There were also strikes of
an economic caracter by paper mill
workers, marble and sulphur
miners, agricultural workers, printers, medical workers, government
clerks, and finally the strike of
postal telegraph, and telephone
(workers which played an Important part In the downfall of one of
tho Nltti ministries In tffl spring
df 1920.
Lenin Popular
The "impressive thing to the ruling class, however, has. not been
the, strikes themselves, but the
revolutionary spirit acompanying
the demonstrations. It haa not
been unusual to see tens of thousands of strikers marching with
red flagH, and shouting "Long live
the Soviets! Long live Lenin." (The
name of Lenin appears to be more
popular in northern industrial districts of Italy than It to in Russia
Itself.) Several times the dock
workers In Genoa and Naples refused to load ammunition on vessels, on learning that It was destined to go to the anti-soviet forces.
Another occasion for the expression of thto spirit of revolution was
the forced resignation of the Socialist mayor of Milan. The provlnolal governor In that part of
Italy askod the mayor to display
the national flag on the hundredth
anniversary of Victor Emanuel's
birthday. This the mayor refused
to do, declaring that he preferred
to give up his post. He resigned,
whereupon a hundred thousand
workers left their work and paraded through the streets crying, "We
want our Socialist mayor." The
protest was effective, and the
mayor, Comrade Caldara, retained
his plsitlon.
Still another Instance. On April
18th last, a big contingent of cara-
blnlerl (national policemen) were
ordered to the Piedmont area where
a general strike was tn progress,
Tho railway workers In Florence
heard of this plan, and, when the
carablnlcrl entered the car, the
workers refused to move It. The
railroad officials flrst begged the
men to work and then threatened
them with discharge If they ro-
fused. The workers were told that
the carablnlerl were on their way
to Bologna, not to the striko area.
All persuasion was In vain. The
train moved only when the track
was cleared of the carablnlerl.
similar action was taken by railroad workers In Llvornle, Plaa and
other cities.
Drifting to Sovietism
Another typical example of the
drift of Italian workers toward the
soviet idea Is the action of the
textile workers ln the Loin hardy
region. Theso workers In the Man-
stonl Brothers' company, on being
refused an Increase by the firm,
took possession of the factory and
operated It ln good order for several days, choosing thcir own foremen an superintendents, and actually Increasing production. In numerous Instances of late, tho workers ha.ve abandoned ttuilr employment not for the purpose of obtaining an increase In wages, but
ln order to take control of the
shops. Thev no longer wish to work
By the Best Makers and
by Union Workmen
DSESS^HOSS FOB MEN — Invietiu, Leekie, Astorft
and the famons Engliah K.'
FOB WOMEN—Smardon, Done, Dorothy Dodd ud K's.
For Speolal Lines at Bargain Mom Visit Oar Domntain
*•       .Department
the Thing
Now that yon Want a few '
■mart olothes for Fall — ne
need to be perturbed because yon haren't the cash
to pay for them at onea.
A Low Depodt--Wear It
at Onee
—nnd how much batter you
will feel by looking smart
and freah ln new clothe*.
The balance In eaay payment*—Men and Women can
do thla.
for other*. This aplrit ia not th*
raault «( mere superficial revolutionary enthuelaem brought about
by the terrible remit* of the great
war, but ot ceaaeleaa educational
work by Soclaliit* during th* but
fltty ytar*.
Before the war Socialist! of Europe turned to thetr German oom>
rade* for lesson* In organization."
Today th* Italian Socialist* may
turn to th* Socialist* of the world
end say, "We possesa the moat perfect Socialist machine next to Russia that ls now ln exltence."
The Socialist party of Itoly Is the
strongest political organisation ln
the country, dominant in morale
and largest In membership. It can
bring about the'downfall of any
ministry In power. On the economic field lt control* th* industrial
destinies of the nation through th*
Oeneral Confederation of Lab^r..
It ku been suggested In nme
quartan that th* latter la an organisation similar to th* American
Federation of 'Labor. Nothing la
further from the truth. The Italian confederation.wa* organised by
Socialists, possesses a Socialist programme, favors socialisation of the
mean* of production and distribution, and recognizes the class struggle In the attainments of Its alms.
The hostile reception given to Mr.
Gompers during th* war by the
confederation further indicate* lta
difference from the Amerloan organization. The Italian confederation Is two million strong, and
openly support* the Socialist ticket
at elections. It hu foriHId a pact
with the Socialist party whereby It
agrees to call a general atrlke when
ever th* latter party deems It politically necessary,
Denver, Colo.—Seven offlcen af
th* union, wko calltd th* itrik* ot
tramway trainmen Is Denver, were
sentenced to ninety days In Jail far
contempt by Judge dreeiey W.
Whlteford In tk* District Court
The Judge found tham guilty tea
day* ago of calling th* atrlkt la
violation of aa Injunction.
Winnipeg.—Wag* lncreue* ranging all th* way from III to 100 par
cent, ore being sought by th* trainmen ot th* Canadian Pacific Railway, Western Division, and tht
men hav* begun to pres* thtlr
claims before th* botrd of railway
conciliation In Winnipeg.
We patronize thoa* who patronize us.
Christie Boot Factory
Manufacturer of
"rhe "Harvey Logging Boot"
Tlie  Christie Logging,  Mining
and Prospecting Boot
Aleo a Gentleman'* Long-W**t>
ing Fine Dim* Shoo
Measured Work and Small
I   Order* at short notlc*.
Tht Beat Leather at— Workman.
ship that Money Cu Buy.
OHIo. Bran:   lt to It *.a, t to S
_ .a.   iTMtnp: 7 to I p-m. Ifea*
diy, Wednesday eai Friday.
Pheae Sey. tin.
Dr. Willard Coates
Ohlrepnetor aal Staffs** Pkysld*.
(Sooceeior to Dr. John Qt.j)
soyas r. Boris Sld|.. It Bastugt
St. W., Vincoimr. B. ft
(Between PeetegM Theatre aad B. O.
t. B. Stills*)
raios MADS
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
Kill ordsra  personally etUndet to
Guaranteed to Hold Ganllu and Aro Thorough!? Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. vos _ SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymonr 550 Repairs Done Whil* Toa Walt
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plant*
Ornamental and Shad* Trees, Seed*, Bulb*, Florist*' Sunddes
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
a Huting* Street Eut 728 OranvUle Street
Beymour 988471 Seymou 851S
Comfort is Built
Into Them
Shoe comfort depends msloly on tw*
The workmanship put Into * shoo tnd
I    tht caro with which yoa hsr* your
;    shoos fitted.
i    Our "IIAGAIt" shoei art mado over
lasts designed for comfort.  Oar stock
In so vsrlcd thst wo can meet roar itt*
dividual needs.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
■'    < —————— PAGE EIGHT
..August 10, 1111
Boys'  Dept,,  Seoond Floor
Boys' School
NOT long now and you'll be packing that sturdy,, sunburnt boy of yours back to achool. Before you get
busy "fitting him out," come and see our wide range of
School Boy Suits.
Smart Suits a boy looks well ln, But built for, wear ke well
as looks. The double-breasted coat Is designed with the
new, roomy four-panel back. Slash pockets, belt buttons
Pants have four tab pockets and belt loops. Bloomer or
knlcker styles, soundly finished with superior linings. In
brown and greys. These smart suits are thoroughly well
tailored—Just like Dad's—but with seams double-sewn and
wearing parts, knees, Beat and crotch strongly reinforced.
These School Suits are all pure wool and guaranteed to
five satisfaction in looks and wear.
Sizes 24 to 26 price, $13.75    Sizes 27 to 29 price, 914.25
Sixes 30 to St, price 914.75   Sizes 38 to 36, price, $15.25
.Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Copyright 1920 Hart SchaHner & Man
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for. lion and Boyi.
Clerks   Put   Up   Fight
Wages ln the Old
London (by mall, N. T. Bureau)
—Law clerks are putting up a flght
for   Increased   wages..   They   ure
nmong the most sweated   of    the
"blaolt-eoated" workers.  Their demands call for li shillings a week
for boya of 16 years, and for men
at 25 years they ask only four
pounds ten shillings a week. Tlje
Law Society offers only 8 pounds
6 shillings at 26 and t shillings
more at 26'years—a wage that utterly precludes marriage. A atrlke
is considered likely.
Following the lead of the British laborltes, Belgian workers at
Antwerp refused to handle munitions being sent to Oeneral Wrangel ln the Crimea.
Where is your Union button?
All Wool
Rain Coats
Just the thing for early
Fall wear. We have
them. in single and
double-breasted models,
with or without-belts at
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Presidential Results Depends   Largely   on
Foreign Topics
By Paul Hanna
(Staff Correspondent of The Federated Frees)
Washington.— Domestic American politics figured more than any
other consideration ln the note
on Poland sent by Seoretary of
State Colby to the Italian minister
Unless the league of nations and
other "foreign" topics can be kept
alive as the principal talking point
of the presidential campaign, then
both the old parties will be forced
to talk about railroads, cost of living, labor's share in industry and
similar things of real Interest to
the people.
Every step taken by the powers of Western Europe toward another general peace conference
which would Include Russia is a
step in the funeral march of the
treaty and covenant which the
Republican and, Democratic parties would have the voters believe
are still alive and of paramount
The Allied powers have clearly
determined to ignore the Wilson
administration and proceed to what
must amount to a fresh settlement
' nearly all the way around. The
Colby >note ls an academic protest
against what cannot be prevented.
The Colby note was addressed
to the Italian ambassador because
Italy has taken the lead toward
recognition ot the Soviet government and makes public declaration that she favors a revision of
the Versailles Treaty. Forty-eight
hours before the Colby note was
issued the foreign minister at Rome
announced that an exchange of
representatives between Italy and
Russia was soon to occur, and that
Italy wouid give a cordial welcome
to the Soviet envoy.
Philadelphia   Longshoremen Load Munitions
for Poland
Chicago,—The loading of shrapnel shells and other munitions consigned to General Baron Wrangel,
anti-Bolshevik leader, on ten ships
In Philadelphia harbor, has been
denounced by the General Executive Board of the Industrial
Workers of the World. The state-
. ment was given to the press, fol-
> lowing the expulsion of the Philadelphia branch of the Marine
Transport Workers No. 8 from the
I. W. W. organization. A member
of the Board was immediately dispatched to Philadelphia to see that
the work ot loading the munitions
was stopped.
The statement, which Is signed
for the General Executive Board
by Thos. Whitehead, General Secretar y-Tr eaa., August Walquist,
Patrick McClennan, P. P. Mash"
lykin, and Goo. Speed, Chairman,
is as follows: >
"On August 11, 1920, the General
Executive Board of the Industrial
Workera of the World learned, for
the first time of the treasonable
action of the Philadelphia branch
No. 8 This situation is the result
of circumstances over which the
General Executive' Board had no
"This branch was Immediately
expelled from membership and
their  charter  revoked.
"We consider that these misguided longshoremen have been
guilty of a crime against the working, class. They huve betrayed ihe
international labor movement by
loading shrapnel shells consigned
to the infamous Allied "catspow,
Wrangel, for the purpose of drowning the Russian revolution in a
sea of blood."
Int.   Tradtes   Council   to
Campaign for Label
A resolution wus passed at the
Vancouver International Trades
and Labor Council on Thursday
evening calling upon organized labor to make the week beginning
with Labor Day a "Labor Loyalty
Week." This resolution ws Introduced by Del. Corey, of the Boot
and . Shoe Workers' Union, .who
called attention to the fact that
New York labor had designated
such a week, and that lt would not
be out of place.for Vancouver to,
follow suit, with the Idea of getting union men and women of the
city, to see that all purchases made
by them during that week are for
union made goods or In places carrying the union card. The resolution met with enthusiastic approval and a committee of six comprising the label Trades were sleeted
to carry on the publicity campaign.
The council decided to make arrangements for two members of
the Imperial Press Delegation, now
travelling through 'Canada, to address a meeting ln the Labor Temple on Wednesday evening, Aug.
If. The speakers will be T. E. Naylor, general, secretary of the London Compositors, and ohalrman of
the London Labor Party, and G. A.
Isaacs, general seoretary of the National Society of Operative Printers
and Assistants. Both these men
have flrst hand information of Old
Country affairs that ls considered
of Interest Ho organised labor.
Considerable discussion took
place on the subject of ways snd
means for raising funds for school
and hospital purposes for ths citrt
and for the building of more house
accommodation for the ever Increasing population. No definite policy
oould be arrived at, but the matter
is to be taken up by unions.
Under the heading of reports of
Unions, Del. Russel of the Steam
and Operating' Engineers, stated
that he had proven that Capital
and Labor could co-operate, and
that his union was benefitting by
that co-operation. Employers were
sending to the union for their help
and the men were getting better
conditions, wages and hours.
Del. McVety, of the Machinists,
stated that the membership In his
union was still increasing, just as
lt had been doing for the past
twelve months, and that they ware
supplying men as far north as
Prince Rupert, and east to Alberta.
He also stated that men in the Port
Mann shops were coming baek'to
the International.
Del. Showier, of the Teamsters,
stated that some of the cartage
firms ln the city preferred red hot
O. B, U. men, rather than International, and that men carrying
teamster cards were not wanted.
Russian  Machine  Visits
Hungarian Capital—Excitement Great
(By The Federated Press)
Vienna.—Reports Just received
from Budapest by The Arbeiter-
Zeltung tell of great excitement
having been aroused ln the Hungarian capital on July 9th, by the
appearance of a Russian airplane
which dropped a large number of
leaflets printed tn Hungarian and
German calling upon the persecuted Hungarian workmen to cheer
up and hold out a little while longer, as the day of thetr salvation
from the horrors of the Horthy regime was close at hand. The So-
vient airplane sailed away, unmolested. ■   ,
. Following publication here of a
report of a secret meeting held by
802 reactionary Hungarian army
officers, headed by the notorious
Lieut. Ivan Hojjas, at which plans
were laid for a coup d'etat to be
accompanied by a wholesale massacre of labor leaders and Jews,
a denial was sent out from Budapest through the official news bureau. It was alleged that the officers mentioned In the report were
not In Budapest at the time of the
of the meeting and that Lt. Hoggas
was no longer ln the Hungarian
Army. This dementi ls not taken
seriously by te labor elements
here, and lt li Insisted that only
the premature publicity given to
te plot prevented the Hungarian
reactionaries from attempting to
carry It out.
Points Out That There
Are Other Brutal Forces
Than Soviet Russia
United States Interferes
With "Independent
[By Paul Hanna]
(Staff Correspondent of The Federated Press)
Wellington — Santo Domingo
maku answer to the Wllsonlan
oharge that "brutal foroe" la th,
only foundation for the Russian
Soviet government.
At the very time Seoretary Colby
was composing the White House
attack upon the Bolsheviki as tyrants who perseoute the Bussian
people, the Inhlbitants of Santo
Domingo were appealing to journalists throughout North and South
America to petition Woodrow Wilson for relief from the bloody and
Illegal rule of American military
forces In their Island.
Three Journalists of tke Carri-
bean "Republic" are now on trial
by court-martial for having dared
criticise the conduct of the American Invaders, In violation of the
press censorship established by the
Marine Corps.
President Wilson has received at)
appeal from the Press Club of
Montevideo, Uruguay, stating that
the three native wrlttrs face the
peril of a death sentence and urging the president, "ln accordance
with the highest sentiments of Justice and humanity," to spare their
Thc Havana Press Club has also
taken up the appeal for the Dominican patriots. It has cabled to
President' Wilson, and to many
groups of Journalists in the United
States, Including the Washington
Press Club, urging them to intercede In behalf of the Imperilled
writers. *
The three men facing court-martial are Fabrlo Fallio, known as
"the patriot poet of Santo Domingo," Flores Cabrera and another
Journalist named Lugo.
These are other features of the
case aside from the fact that the
United States Oovernment ls still
holding men for military trial, under threat of death, for daring to
attack their rulers in print nearly
two years nfter the war for "democracy" was won.
Much more Interesting, In view
of tho Wilson-Colby charges
Soviet Russia, the fact that Santo
Domingo ls a free and Independent
country with whose affairs the
United States has no legal right to
Congress has never authorized a
war against Santo Domingo, much
less Its annexation to 'the United
States. Less than one pes cent, of
the American people are even
aware that the Wilson administration has established a military dictatorship over the West Indian Island, whose territory ls divided nominally between the republics of
Haytl and Santo Domingo.
This Illegal and Immoral dictatorship extends also to Nicaragua
and other sections ot Central
America, which the American
military forces have -possessed and
ruled for several years past, while
the White House has spread before the world its pretended devotion to peace and the right of peoples to govern themselves.
According to the appeal sent oot
by the Hanava Press Club, the
commander of the American marines announced some alx week,
ago that the more rigid censorship
enforced up to that time would
thereafter be somewhat relaxed,
Since that time the enslaved Dominicans dared celebrate their "National Week."
During this patriotto celebration,
the three Journalists named sinned,
according to the commander of
marines, "by writing and having
printed attacks upon the United
States for circulation throughout
South America.
These alleged "attacks upon the
United States" were articles, It Ib
said, In which the Dominican pa-
trlots denounced the military rule
of the navy department in their
country without the consent of the
natives or the endorsement of the
American people or Congress. For
that offense they ara today in danger of execution.
Houston. Texas.—After a two-
weeks' strike Coopers' union No.
DO established Its new rate of 90
cents an hour.
Largest Exclusive Men's Store In the West
Common Sense in
Ctothes Buying
«T»HIS IS BECOMING an era of cem-
*   mon sense in clothes buying.
The worklngman Is applying the same
logic to his clothes buying as he does
to producing an honest, sincere product with his hands.
To stich men Dick's clothes offer an
Investment that measures up to hts
recognized standards.
"Your Moneys Worth
or Your Money Back.".
45-47-49 Hastings St E.
War Aroused Men to Nature of Present System
of Society
Be It industrially, politically, or
morally, every country has felt, or
Is feeling, the effect of the great
upheaval of men's minds caused by
the world war. Something haB
changed; something is changing
The first great change started In
Rusaia, where originated the first
active Bolsheviks. The new order
prospered. It spread across the vast
expanse of Russia , and reached
other countries in Europe. It has
taken hold of Italy; It Is taking
hold in Germany, Poland, France
and England. The "impartial"
Press, altruistic guardians of the
public weal, has told us that the
new order ls but terrorism; that
Bolshevism- la aynonomous with
murder, rapine and anarchy. Yet
It prospers! The "Impartial" press
with that same regard for the public welfare, remind us that Russia
has been ruled by terrorists before,
and that it has been tho home of
all anarchy; the hot-bed of all rev
olutionary propaganda.
Wht does lt all mean? Does lt
mean that civilisation la deserting
ua? Does It mean that we are degenerating Into that atate of bar-
baric Ignorance from which our ancestors atrove to deliver us? That
we ore becoming primitive savages
again? and that 200 millions of
People have suddenly become murderers? and that the largest and
most efficiently organized army in
the world is fighting to establish
It meana nothing of the sort.
The riota In Germany and the
acute Industrial unrest ln all countries point to one thing: That the
average man ln the street Is awakening. He has been duped, misgoverned and exploited for centuries; he has been "kept In his
place" too long, and tt took the war
to rouse In him that slumbering
power which ls truth. Now, eager
and enraged, he ls rushing forward
to occupy his proper place ln the
Russia ls the flrst country to
throw off the yoke. The Red Army
Is victorious because lt ls fighting
for an Ideal; an Ideal that cannot
be obliterated by British gold or
ammunition, nor the ridiculous
threats of European statesmen.
Bolshevism prospers because it
is truth; because It means the proper distribution of wealth and the
government of the people by the
people; becauso It means the abolition of the Infamous syatem of production for. proflt and the Institution of production for Use.
In our own country the skeptics
are asking: Can labor govern successfully? Labor has no doubts on
that score. It does not claim to be
able to step ln office and function
as though lt had been ln power for
centuries; it does not claim to be
minus Its parasitic place hunters.
They are Inevitable ln every movement; but lt docs claim to be able
to function In the Interests of the
people whom lt rightfully represents—the working cluss; and since
workers form the great majority of
every 'country, who has a greater
right to the reins of government
than they who produce the wealth
of the country? Labor et probitas.
C. W. M.
J. A* Fulton La Id to Rest.   Late
Member of Vancouver
Typo Union
The death of Mr. John Adam
Fulton occurred at hia residence,
2841 Fir street, Vancouver, on
August 14, after a painful Illness,
resulting from a tumor ln the stomach. For several months he had
been under medical treatment,
though he was not confined to hla
room all the time. His passing
removes from the ranks of the
early pioneers one of the ablest,
best known, most highly respected
members of the old school of western printers. A man of kindly
yet retiring disposition, he was
very popnlar with all who had the
pleasure of his acquaintance. The
late Mr. Fulton was born In Scotland 75 years ago, graduating from
the famous John Neilson Educational Institution at Paisley. After
serving his apprentlveshtp as
printer, he followed his trade for
over forty years, having had .
large experience In the Old Country, New Zealand, the United
States, and arriving at Winnipeg
about 1880. He left that city for
the coast with his late, lamented
wife, arriving in Vancouver in
1889, thirty-one years ago, which
he made his home ever since. For
several years he was on the staff of
the World, also he was proof-read
er on the Province. John was a
great exemplar of New Zealand in
Labor matters, a thorough scholar,
and has dono good service for the
Trades and Labor Council in the
early days of that body, having
been general secretary during 1892.
93. He w£s also president of Typographical Union, No. 226 ,alBo
secretary for that organization. A
few years since he rated as a superannuated member of the union,
He ls survived by two children,
Allan M„ and Mrs, E. B. Weber,
both natives of Vancouver. The
funeral was held from his late residence on Tuesday, 18th Inst., to
Mountain View cemetery, and was
largely attended by friends and
acquaintances,. including members
of the Typographical Union.   Rev.
E. D. McLaren officiated at both
services. The floral tributes were
both extensive and beautiful. The
pallbearers   were   Oeorge   Beattie,
F. O. Connell, W. B. Hughes, Fred
Fowler. George Bartley and Oeorge
Footwear today
cannot be produced at a
low price .
High Grade Leathers and Labor Too Costly
To Permit
"When you buy Cheap Shoes you can only expect to get
what yoifpay for. They must necessarily be made of Low
Priced Materials.
.    MERITS 0?
Cornett Bros. & Clarke's Shoes
Delegates Heard Report From Old Land
(Continued from page 1)
Street        *   ^^ g» Strw
East        CAr "•        EW
setting the Work of the Labor colleges, but the effort was a failure.
Amazed at Canada
Referring to the rank and file,
he stated that he had never found
any trouble in getting a hearing
from them, and they were atn.ijwd
to learn that lt was possible fur
men who took part In a strike In
Canada to be sent to jail for their
activities. Red, said the speaker,
why, they don't know what red Is'
like In Canada. He then gave a
graphic description of the May
Day celebration ln London, which
he said was all red, with over half
a million people In. the parade, and
that when the Polish legation was
reached, a demonstration was
made to show thp opposition of
the workers to the Polish activities against Soviet Russin.
Tlio Co-op.
In referring to Co-operative
movement ln the Old Land, he
stated that while lt was the largest
or one of the largest capitalistic
instltntions in the country, yet it
had been of such value to the
workers, that he considered that
evory worker should get behind
this movement, not as a revolutionary organization, but because of
the value it could be made to the
workers In times of trouble. As
an Instance of.the value of thlB
movement, he cited the case of the
N. R, U. strike, when the Co-operative. Society had advanced the
railway men £1,000,000, ana another instance was wherethe same
organization had fed the workers
In Glasgow.
Asked as to the attitude of the
workers In the Old Land towards
parliamentary action, he stated
that while many did not believe in
It, yet they used it at all times.
He said the workers secure control at every possible point of vantage, be it school board, municipal
or parliament. He gave an illustration as to how it was viewed by
quoting a statement that had been
made to him when seeking the
views of some workers on this
queston, the statement was "tho
parliamentarians believe In' emancipating the working class one by
one.-' The thanks of the council
were tendered the speaker for his
address, and judging from the remarks passd at the conclusion,
thefe wlU be many to hear him
when next he speaks.
The audit committee reported
that the books of the -secretary
had been audited and found correct
A communication from the Lumber
Workers asking the endorsatlon of
the council to a proposal to change
the meeting place for the general
convention, was received and filed.
It was decided to.send a delegate
to the convention at Port Arthur
providing the "necessary arrangements could be made. The Port
Moody workers sugested that the
Labor Day picnic be held at the
Old Orchard. It was pointed out
that the council had no jurisdiction In the matter, and that all arrange ments had already been made
to hold It at Second Beach. ' The
matter will .however, be referred
to the general workers and the
Women's Auxiliary for consideration.
Delegate Alexander, reporting
for the Milworkers, stated that a
recent meeting held at Port Moody
had been the beBt that had been
held in the district for a long
time. The council adjourned at
10.80 p.m.
X-RAYS Locate Ills
at tht
Vancouver X-Ray
Teacher of Drogues Heeling
For the treatment of non-ecnUflosi
chronic AUmontn by Natural Methodi.
Tho   clinic   is   supported   by   Voluntary
Office houn:   10-13, ud by appointment.
Phone Sty. 1077
Sue Company for ....
Illegal Stoppages
(Continued front page 1)
The Swiss rallwaymen's union
sent a committee to consult the director-general of the Swiss railways regarding refusing transportation of war materials.
Where Is your Union button?
less than realization Is of any prac- ,
tical benefit. No camp should bs
permitted to open or operate unless it conforms to the govern-
ment and union requirements,
Whether they will or not lies lt
the hands of these two bodies.
There is no reason why one per '
cent, of the membership should
be In arrears with their dues, but
the fact Is that many of them are
and this applies particularly to the
newer members. Those 'who flrst.
formed the organization being in
the majority of cases paid in advance. Much of the arrears Is due
not to any lack of willingness or
Intention of paying, but to apathy
or the "let George do lt" spirit,
meaning thereby that they art
waiting for the delegate to get after them. Recognising this, then
are many delegates who have theii
camp solidly organized, and paid
up to date, and frequently ahead,
but this is only In the camps where,
there ia an active, aggressive dele-'
gate or a large percentage of old-
timers. This state of affairs Is unsatisfactory, and should be at once
remedied by the delegates on the
I am different from sll othen, be-
cdubo I not only read your life, bnt
lino help you out of your troublea.
What good would it do you simply to
bo told you havo a rival or an enemy
In your path unless you were told how
to overcome them I I am able to point
out the path of success and happiness.
Office hourB, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
661  OBANVILLE  ST.    .
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of PrltchnrdV address to
the Jury Con now he secured at tlie
Fedorationist Office. Tito words
of Pritclinrd, when addressing tlio
jury at Wlhnlpcg will go down ln
history as a part of the struggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker ahould have a copy. Get
yours before tho rush starts. Price
25 cent*.
What about renewing your sub.?
Brace's is a
Man's Shop
It's a matter of fact sort of place
where ft 'man (or his wife) can
feel at home.
There's no desire to sell a suit
if   the   customer   doesn't   see
what he wants, %
It's quite all right—and Bruce
prefers that you do It—to go out
without buying rather than take
an article   you're   not   satisfied
Fall Suits at $85, $40, $45
Slip on a coat or two to get an
Idea of how thoy flt


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items