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The British Columbia Federationist May 7, 1920

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 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDU3TBIAL:UNITY;  STRENGTH.
TWELFTH YEAR.  No. 19
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOU VBfc fKADES AND LABOR COUNCIL,
EIGHT PAGES
LABOR CELEBRATION OF
MAY DAY AT MAHON PARK
WAS UNQUALIFIED SUCCESS
Vancouver Workers Have Enjoyable Day—Listen to
Speeches by Comrades Lestor, Petti'
piece and Dixon
Pass Resolution on Appeal of Russell's Case to Privy
Council—North Vancouver Hears the
Red Flag Sung
The crowd at the May Day celebration in Mahon Park, mny be
roughly estimated at 2900, though,
ae no actual count was feasible In
ao large an area, It ia easily possible that this number was considerably exceeded. The weather was
of the finest; and if some of the
older people could not quite respond with the buoyancy and mer-
rlneas of former days, the kiddles
made any settled gloom impossible,
and that hope which springs eternal was In the air.
At 3 o'clock, or thereabouts,
Comrade A. S. Wells called on the
band for the "Marseillaise," which
MEET ON 14TH
Women  Have  Pondered
Splendid Service to Defense Committee
The next meeting of the Woman's O. B. U. Auxiliary will be held
tn the new headquarters ef tho
O. B. V., situated on the southwest corner of Ponder and Howe
ttroets (formerly known as _thc
Pender Hall), on Friday, May M,
at 8 p.m. All members should endeavor to be present as It is expected that considerable business
will be transacted at this meeting.
The members of the auxiliary arc
to be complimented for the'assistance they hove given the defenso
committee, also to the O. B. U.
movement In general. If the male
member*, of the O, B. U; were only
half as energetic ae these women,
It would not be long before, they
had built up an organization by
which- they .could accomplish something worth while.
The committeo In chargo of refreshments at the defense dance de-
aerve great credit tot the way they
handled samo. some of the male
members who assisted this committee remarked after It was over that
they did not think ft possible to
got a person these days to work as
hatd os the members of the committoe worked unless they were receiving financial compensation for
the work. - This might also be said
for those in charge of the cloak
room, and for tho various committee* who assisted with the celebration held at Mahon Park on May 1
However, no members of the auxiliary have received one cent for thc
assistance they have rendered, and
they all consider the work upon
which they are engaged—that is
trying to raise funds for the assistance of the wives and children of
the labor representatives who are
now serving a prison sontence In
Wlnnipeg^-ae of far greater lmpor
tance than producing profits for the
master class.
was given and repeated with spirit
and muslclanly (.kill, W. Lane
wielding the baton. Then the
youngsters were marshalled away
"to thc right" for their programme
of sports, which they evidently en-
Joyed, currying off prizes to the extent of $26. While they were kept
busy, the bigger people thronged
round the open-air platform and
tho grand stand, and listened to
speeches by Comrades Lestor, Pettlplece and Dixon of Winnipeg,
Comrade Wells acting as chairman.
The chairman briefly explained
that It was only in consequence of
the recent actions of the ruling
class that this celebration hud become possible; the ruling class at
all stages of the game could only
play Into the hande of the workers.
They wore there to celebrate not
only the dawn of spring, but nlso
the coming of the new social order,
when it would be "absolutely impossible for the ruling cluss to take
any members of our class and
throw them into jail."
Explains May Day
Comrado Lestor then started in
to explain the why arjd the wherefore of this May Day gathering,
inking his hearers back in fancy to
the "Old England" that was, when
people lived as they should live—
naturally. In those old days, they
had a good timo and enjoyed themselves, not only on May Day, but
on HO different holidays In the
year, exclusive of Sundays. Although then instruments of jiroudc-
tion were crude, thoy could afford
to rest 200 days in ther year, when
they did no work, but simply enjoyed themselves. Now the people
had-to work 52 weeks in the year
—sometimes Sundays Included; It
was so long since they. did enjoy
themselves that they didn't know
what it wob like. "The capacity
for enjoyment has for ever left
you; tho vitality necessary for it
hae been ground up ln profits for
the master class,"
(Continued on page 6)
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAtiORNING,  MAY 7,1920
POLITICAL UNITT: VICTORY
$2.00 PER YEAR
AT HISS
Workers Can Gain Much
Information at This
Meeting
The usual propaganda meeting
ot the Socialist Party of Canada
will be held in the Empress theatre
on Sunday night, and J, Harrington will be the speakor.
It is to be hoped that the workers of Vancouver will attend this
meeting in large numbers. Much
valuable knowledge can be' gained
by doing sn, and what ls more, vita!
a class-conscious viewpoint, without which the modern wage workers are Uke so many sheep. The
dally newspaper recitals of strikes,
demonstrations, epidemics of vice,
otc, etc., are simply a manifestation of the restrictions arising from
a decadent social sysfem, which Is
capitalism. Therefore it should bo
evident that tho class of people,
who suffer most under thla order
of things, should make an earnest
enquiry Into the nature, and the
mechanism of capitalism. The acquisition of class-consciousness
will alone make for progress, and
the betterment of conditions generally; the emancipation of the
working class from wage slavery
must of necessity be the task of the
workers themselves. Study Social-
Ism and help to speed the day!
Doors open at 7:80. meeting at 8
p.m. Questions and an open platform.
Wages mean slavery. They never
meant anything else. Yet the wage
slave gets mad when you tell him
nbout lt.
Fl
E
B
The recent disturbances In Mnrs
nre. In the opinion of Kussell, due
to O. B..U. propaganda.
IKES PLEA
F.
J.  Dixon  Addressed
Two Meetings Last
P. J. Dixon. U. Lt. A., of Winni-
' peg, spoke ftt both the,Empress and
the Royal theatres on Sunday
evening, dealing with various matters lu connection with last sum-
mer's general strike, of which he
had first-hand knowledge. In urging flnanclal support for the defense committee, he repeated that
'Winnipeg labor was hoartlly behind their work, as instanced by
the latest convention thereon, at
Which International, O. B. II., and
Independent delegates were present
in approximately equal proportions
If it were only a mutter of look
Ing after the men's wives and foml-
lics,' ho sold, they could raise
enough money .for thut In WInni
peg: but there should be an nppeal
to the Privy Count'll If al all posBi<
ble, tlie matter being one of Importance to the whole people of
Canada, who were being robbed of
their rights.
A Ko-*mi Conspiracy
After touching briefly on tho
peaceful character of the strike, In
which the only people killed or
hurt were the workers, and the
damage to property was practically
nil, he ridiculed thc charge of .it-
templed revolution. The men In
jail, he said, weroTiot fools, and
lyoulfl therefore not attempt a
revolution with bare hands, Many
years ago, in England, a "pop-gun
conspiracy" had been laughed out
Of court; that in Winnipeg might be
known as the "no-gun conspiracy,"
I-w not even a toy pistol had been
reduced In evidence.
"Of all the magicians   I  have
for seen," he observed; "the law-
Victoria   Workeri   Celebrate May Day with
Benefit Social
Victoria "Labor'* celebrated the
International Labor Day on May
1st by two separate and distinct
functions—a Winnipeg protest
meeting having,been unfortunately allowed to clash'with the long-
planned social advertised and run
as a "benefit" for one of the necessitous families on the list of the Indefatigable Ladles Auxiliary of the
One Big Union.
■ Despite a rather "thin" commencement, owing to above and
other reasons, the long and varied
evening was as enjoyable and as
successful as the previous ones in
the series, and everybody attending
is enthusiastic in appreciation of
the "labor of lovo" without which
these things cannot happen.
A charming little concert was
the first phase of the proceedings;
violin nnd piano solos, songs, duets
and recitations. "The International" and "Red Flag," for the audience to Join In, which they did
heartily, assisted by distributed
Copies.
Late arrivals were penalized by
missing some of the best numbers
of the programme and only receiving as consolation prize the "few
chairman's remarks," by Comrade
Moulton.
Then the splendid floor of the K.
P. hall was cleared (or dancing,
and simultaneously un equally large
room wus opened for whist and refreshments, and young nnd old for*
got for the lima the huge price of
overalls and the solemn sob-stories
ot Peter Collins.
By the way, the winner of the
flrst prize in the whist drive Is gratified at being able to take back to
the pralrios a book with the appro,
prlate title of "The High Cost of
Living!"
The honorary orchestra deserves
honorable mention, and the supper
table for qunlity and quantity, was
commented upon vory favorably by
those experienced ln similar qffairs.
Tho frequent and natural question: "When Is lhe next O. B. U.
aofclal coming off?" Is best answered by a reminder that help Is greatly needed, and thc more members
in O. B. U, nnd lift Woman's Auxiliary, thc more and merrier the social evenings.
After two years nnd more of
supperssion, The Week mnde its
appearunce and was on sale Saturday night. The oost of Jailing
its editor (W. E, Telrce, O. B. U.),
and of making the world safe for
democracy, has resulted among
other things In raising the price to
lOe. Let's hope we can stand it.
It aims openly and simply this time
at a "complete chango in tho social system, r. ohange from capital-
Ism to Socialism," and the One Big
Union has a page all to Itself.
Complete Tie-up Threatening Entire Industry
of France
Paris—M. Loriot,' former treast-
urer of thc Socialist Party of
France, was arrested by govern
ment agents In their, roundup of
alleged, agitators in the general
strike of dock, railway and mlno
workers.
The government aald Loriot had
been appointed by Nikolai Lenin,
Bolshevik premier, as representative of the Soviets ln the Occident.
Developments in the French
strike' are assuming larger proportions. The position of the seaports
is besoming Increasingly serious.
Ninety-four ships with 10,000
passengers, are stranded at Marseilles, unable to continue their
Journeys, The atrlke, which has
hitherto been confined to railroadmen, dock workers, seamen and
miners, now threatens to' overrun
the metal and building trades.
The metal workers declare they
will throw down their tools shortly
and the building workers declared
they have been instructed to be
ready for the Labor Federation to
call (hem out.
Strikers attacked an express
train near Lyon's with rifles and
stones and the Labor leaders assert
that another Important additional
strike became effective there on
Thursday.
Public Indignant
Public indignation at what is regarded as the revolutionary aim of
the strike of the general federation
of lahor le growing throughout
France. The principal leaders are
in hiding and detectives are scouring the whole country to arrest
them.
Charges of "plotting against the
state," are being lodged against a
doien or more of the leaders who
have already been taken Into custody.
WN TO MIS SPEAK AT BOYAL
$600 for Dofense
The defense dance and supper,
held In Nanalmo on May Day, resulted in over $600 being raised for
thc defense fund.
N.Y.
TRADES GET $9
Bricklayers and Independ
ent Carpenters Getting
$10 and $12   .,.__
New Tork—Following generous
precedents established by the painters and bricklayers, the New York
Building Trades Council has now
established a wago of $9 for an I-
hour day to be effective May 1.
This increase waa voluntarily offered by the New York Building
Trades Employers Association, in
accordance with an agreement
made with the council last January that wages were to be raised
when the cost of living warranted
It. The increase applies to 115,000
workors in the trade. It will add
about $700,000 to the weekly payroll.
The bricklayers have already established the (10 a day scale, and
nre getting about $12, while the
independent carpenters unions in
Brownsville and other places, are
already receiving $1 a day more
than the carpenters working for
the Builders Association.
The new scule of wages In the
building industry will run until
January 1, 1921, but in August tho
men can present their claims for"
further Increases which will bc negotiated.
Government Forces Are
Backing United Mine \
Workers
Calgary—Following the decision
of Police Magistrate' Davidson ot
Calgary, that the authority of the
director of coal operations cancel*
led the effectiveness of the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, the
locked-out miners at Canmore, Hlllcrest, Bellevue and Blairmore decided it would be better to yield ttf;
the order which compels them ttf
sign the U. M. W. of A. check-off
Thc luck-out had extended over av
number of weeks and the mlnorsi'
like other individuals, are interest*
ed in the persistent question r
"When do,we eat'?"
. It is interesting to note that tha
director of coal operations informs1
the Calgary Herald that the- "U,
M. W. of A. has won a complete
victory." It is a magnanimous expression of modesty on the part of
Mr. Armstrong to give all the laur-i
els to the American organization..
Although Magistrate Davidson
waa of the opinion that an act of
parliament took second place to
order-ln-council legislation, thero
Is a possibility that the judges of
the appellate division of the sup*,
reme court of Alberta,, who vii.y
take up thc matter in Edmonton,
may decide differently.. And then;
again, they may not.
Quite gleefully it is again being
proclaimed that the O. B. U. is a
"corpse" In this district. .But It Is
well to remember that no less an
authority than Sir Oliver Lodge
claims that there is communication
with the beyond and the O. B. D.
"corpse" seems to have a faculty of
resurrecting itself, which Is quite*
uncanny. A number of coal mine
owners and several international
officials are consulting their Ouija
boards to discover what the O, B.
U. Is likely to do next. ' They can
rest assured Its spirit is active.
Taking advantage of their alleged "victory," the director of coal
operations, the operators and tho
international officials are practicing
wholesale discrimination in tho
hope of terrorizing any O. B. U.
spirit left in the men. These tactics may make for peaco In the
coal fields of Alberta, and'
stability to contracts which the
mine owners make with the workers for the coming season. It is
possible, however, that the men.
may resent these applications of
the principles of "democracy." and.
Is essential and critical pause from
their work to argue the question.
Well-known as Socialist
and a Labor Church
Leader
J The speaker at the Federated
Labor Party meeting next Sunday
evening in the Boyal theatre, will
be Comrade A. E. Smith of Brandon. It is a little over a month
since Comrade Smith spoke here
last on the "Big Lessons of tho
itussell Trial." He is here now at
the request of a committee thut is
■ busy organizing a Labor Church
;for Vancouver, and has this week
''Been addressing u series of meetings in the O'Brien Hall, under
Jthe auspices of that committee.
(This series of meetings he closes
;on Sunday afternoon in O'Brien
'Hall, and Sunday evening he speaks
jfor the Federated Labor Party.
Questions and flvc-inlnule talks
after the address. Chair taken at
'$. Doors are open at 7:30.
if According to a report in the Province, the P. L. P. is to receive a
letter from the police commissioners inform Int? them that their request for the privilege of holding
fcpen-alr meetings on Sundays is
Refused, and that the reason the
Salvation Army Is having this privilege which Is denied the Federated Labor Party, is that the "Sal-
yation Army is preaching good-
Ill to nil men." Surely this is suf-
Icient reason for extending the
Privilege, as the message of the
workers is one of goodwill to all
who are obeying thc Injunction to
JMo unto others as they would de-
•flre to be served themselves"—
equal rights to all and special pri-
.yllegcs to none. The commission-
ws are in thc position of protecting special privilege with but extremely shallow pretence of reason.
It is because the F. L. P., like
jjthe British Labor Party, stayed
(with it and "preached goodwill to
all men," during the war, that the-
Labor Party got into the bad graces
« (he authorities and fomentors
jot "war hate." The inference In
*he letter seems to be that the F.
t>. P. does not "preach goodwill,"
but the suggestion Is not bo.rr.e out
$y the facts.
t
Vould Look Good to Them
lend ■..'■ V'th Seam Engineers providing
<_be- steam to operate-bakeries run
•fa. scab bakers, and bakery salesmen packing the bread around
town after It is made, One Big
jflnion would look awful good to the
•focal bakers who are on strike;
at a season when coal prodt)ctHtQ<] much better in fact than the three
(ERS TO
MEET MONDAYS
Arrangements   Made   to
Give Night-Shift Men
Chance to Meet
Arrangements have bcen made
to hold meetings for Mill Workers
who are working during the night,
and commencing Monday next, May
10, meetings will be held at the
headquarters of the Lumber and
Camp Workers Industrial Union of
the O. B. U„ 61 Cordova street west.
Meetings will commence at t p.m.
and Organizer W. A. Alexander
will arrange to be present at meetings In order to give information
regarding the organization to ail
those who care io attend. Should
the hour of meeting that has been
set, nit be suitable to members, arrangements will be made to change
same.
The regular businoss meetings
on Monday nightsVlll be held the
same us usual, and as Important
business will no doubt be transacted during the present month, all
members should make It their duty
to attend as many meetings as possible.
Ballots on the question of striking to enforce new wage scale and
44-hour week, are now ready, and
members desiring to vote on this
question may obtain a ballot at
headquarters or from delegate at
the mill where they are employed.
Members employed in lumber
mills out of the city should make
note of this and instruct their delegate to send to headquarters for
sufflclent ballots for each worker In
the mill.
laft organizations that now cover
workers in this industry.
The efforts of the numerous American presidential possibilities to
define Americanism Is the most inspiring thing which has happened
since the president matched his
mind with thoee of Europe, and
came back with a clot on lt.
Triple Industrial Alliance
Now in Session for
New Demands
London—With the most critical
period In Its history Just ahead, the
Triple Industrial Alliance of Dockers,, miners and railwaymen, will
meet May 65. Announcement of
the plan was made by a sub-corn
mittee consisting of Harry Gosling
and Bobert Williams of the transport workers, Herbert'Bmlth and
Frank Hodges of the. miners, and
J. H, Thomas and William Cramp
of tho rallwaymen.
The purpose of the conference,
according to Williams, will be to
deal with matters arising out of
the previous conference, and to
strengthen the alliance in readiness
to meet any tests that may come.
The statement ls signlflcant becauso of the fact that all three organisations are now in the midst
of negotiations for new demands.
The rallwaymen have put in a demand for a flat Increase of one
pound a week for all the men included In the January, 1920, settlement, which Involves a gross total
of £17,000,000 a year additional
outlay. The transport workers are
engaged In delicate negotiations In
regard to the dockers' position, and
a crisis In the tramways and road
transport Is Imminent, The miners
on April 16, after a ballot, accepted
the government's offer of two shll-
llngsg a day raise, Instead of three,
but the situation Is far from closed.
It Is expected that the necessity
for exerting powerful pressure upon
the government will bring the three
organizations into even closer relations following the conference.
MASSED CAPITAL
Donation to Striko Fond
The following contributions toward: tho Crows Nest Pass strike
fund:
Silverton—Henry Olson, $4; T.
B. Roberts, $00; Mike Wolf, |1;
Algot Erickson, »55; A, D. McMillan,' $05; H. Whlttlcy, |2; T. C'
MacAulay, f&; Gust Holm, $1; Gust
Aim, Jl; Emil Aho, fl; Geo. Johnson, tl; Joe Dunn, fl;.]. H. Thompson, |2; Joo Anderson, tl; W.
White, tl; William Heyworth, fl;
Joe Scnia, fl; John Llofd, fl; ]?.
M. Reeder, fl; Harry Dlmock, fl.
Total, .41.
The following are from Sandon:
John Horllck, fl; A. M. Cuvun, fli:
Rod Dewar, t5; Peter McPhall,
$2.50; S. I. Holms, fli; Wm. Cor-
bett. fl; Elmer Jackson, f2; Emil
Hendrickson, fl; II. J. McDonnell,
f2; Hans Sells, fli; Frank Nleko-
las, fl; lAalcolm Frnser, fl; H.
Haujar, f5; John Matheson, f2; II.
Bcguelln, fl; R. Gould, fl; C.
Swon, f2; FrFlend, tl; Tony Mil-
tuck, fl; Angus McLanders, $2.GO;
R. Dean, f 2; Louis Holmquqist, $2;
Ael Telr, 12: Christ Holm, f2; T.'
Carlcy, fl.   Total, fr>«.
When through with thia piper,
pass it on.
More British Unions Ballot on the Question of
Amalgamation
i Manchester, England—Declaring
that Labor must supplement industrial action by an effective political .weapon, the Amalgamated
Union of Co-operative Employees,
at ita annual conference here, voted
fSCOOO to the support ot the London Dally Herald. In moving the
resolution, Councillor R. J, Davis
Bprted:
'-:i'lt there had been other papers
like thc Herald, thc country would
halve been saved an expenditure of
$SSO,000,I)00 in Russia."
'An Important decision taken at
the conference was to take a ballot
on tho question of amalgamation
with the Shop Assistants Union,
and the Warehouse and General
Workers Union. The proposed
amalgamation would have a mem-
bfcirhlp to begin with of 250,000,
and subbstantlal funds. Advocates
of the measure declared that Labor
Is now lighting massed capital, and
"tinkering with trade union demarcation lines" would mean defeat for thc workers. Returns from
tht ballot are expected to Pe complete by May 31.
PRINCETON
The sum of f 117 has been col.
lotted by Fellow Worker Hagwall
of -Blairmore In aid of the locked
out miners in thp Crows' Nest Pass.
Secretary Baxter, who has been
eecretary of the Princoton district
for;a considerable time, has resigned. The members have expressed their appreciation of his serv-
icee'aud a vote of thanks was tendered him at the last meeting at
which he officiated as secretary.
Present Scale Below That
of Craft Unions in Many
Other Cities
Vuneouver bricklayers arc on
strike for a dollar a day increase,
making a wuge of $9 per day. It'lor
than 60 per cent, of th. men ur
Walking on account uf a number
of (he matser builders having sl.yn
cd the increat-e. Negotiation.', are
still going on with the Waster
Builders Association, and an early
ana satisfactory settlement is looked forward to. At a meoting of
the union held In the Labor Tem
pie on Wednesday, the men voted
unanimously to stand pat on the $9
Bcale. Although 60 per cent, of the
union men are working, more
would be employed were It not for
the fact that there is a shortage in
the supply of material. The scale
demanded by thc men Is thc scale
that has been in vogue in moat of
the big cities in the United States
for quite a time, and in many cases
this scale Is $1 less .The SOc a
day Increase offered by the bosses
Is far too small, when taken in con-
sideration with the increased cost
of living since the last scale was
negotiated, and the Intermittent
employment of that trade. The
men are standing solid.
ROTH ANO D00RASS0FF
PERJURY OASES ARE NOW
BEFORE JUSTICE OAYLEt
Reference to Sergeant Wilson, Who Was Hanged,
Was Feature of Opening Sessions—Worked
With Accused
One Department of Justice Opposes  Another—
Russians Never Had a Sqaure Deal Says
Prosecuting Counsel
O. B.
V. UMTS AND WHEN
THKV MEET
Piledrivers %nd Wooden Bridge-
men—Every Monday.
Laundry Workers—Every second
and fourth Tuesduy.
Trades and Labor Connell—Every
first and third Wednesday.
General   Workers'   Unit—Every
second and fourth Wednesday.
Gas Workers Cult—Every second
and fourth Wcdcnsday.
Marino  Firemen — Every  first
and third Wednesday*.
All Units meet In Tender Hull,
Pender Street West.
The Roth-Dourassoff perjury
trial opened ln tha County Court on
Tuesday morning. When It will
end it Is Impossible to say.
A feature of the hearing on Tuesday morning was tho introduction
of the name of Sergt. John Wilson,
who was a detective or special
agent employed at the time of the
mounted police Inquiry which led
to the deportation 'of a number of
Russians from Vancouver last year.
The mention of Wilson's name was
the sign for a flare-up. Since hla
experiences Jn Vancouver Wilson
was arrested, tried at Saskatoon
for murdering his wife and only a
fe w weeks ago was hnnged at
Prince Albert.
Peculiar Situation
The situation Is a peculiar one,"
his honor remarked, when at the
outset of the case, Mr. H. S. Wood,
acting for the prosecution, and Mr,
It. L. Held, K. C, who with Mr. E.
P. Davis, K. C„ conducting the defense, clashed.
'Mr. Wood. I know you are acting for the Provincial department
of justice in this matter, and you
d, Mr. Reld, I am given to understand, represent the Federal
department of justice. This is peculiar. You are both offlcors of
the department of Justice although
of different branches no doubt. I
want you both to remember this
fact when asking quqfestlons and
muking objections."
Never Had Square Deal
"These men have never had any
kind of a square deal, but they are
going to get onc now," declared
Mr. Wood with some heat, ln referring to the Russians who were
arrested and against whom deportation proceedings were taken,
Thc two accused in the present
case and Sergt. Wilson were witnesses against Russians named
Boris Zukoff and George Chekoff,
Upon their evidence, which was believed aiid accepted by the immigration board, the Russians were
ordered deported. But deportatlom
was temporarily halted when th*
accused Russians ■ swore t*
Information charging Roth awl
Dourassoff with perjury.
It was alleged that the two accused swore to revolutionary activities on the part of Zukoff and
Chekoff of which lt would be Impossible for them to have been
guilty, particularly in respect to
reading Russian literature. Both
men denied they were able to read
or wrtte.
Mr. A. Jolllffe, chairman of the
immigration inquiry board, was tha
(Continued on page 7)
A CORRECTION
The article under the caption
''Black Scourge Is Now Ravaging
Europe," which appou.nl In our
last' tone wns, owing to a typographical error, credited to the
London Dnily Mull. It should
haw been ercditcd to the London
Dally Herald.
London—Twenty-two gains by
the llitthor Party in the recent Urban: district council elections have
caused some apprehension in Liberal fcircW's here. The new party
gained ten scats in Edmonton, nine
in Tottenham and three In Gray's.
Theae victories in lhe south of the
country, which has heretofore been
less of a Lubor stronghold thnn tho
northern, are declared to reveal the
rapid!)' growing power of the Labor
forces.
Milwaukee—More than 25,000
timber .workers iu Wisconsin, Minnesota, Northern Michigan and the
Canadian border are on striko to
estabpsh the eight-hour day. In a
return of 20,000 ballots sent out by
the ■ union in the referendum on
the strike vote, only about 100 voted against such action.
■A
Of
Ten   Million   Copies
Classic Literature
Printed
(By the Federated Press)
Petrograd—Eleven thousand now
schools have been opened by the
Bolsheviki, and ten million copies
of classic literature printed by the
Commissariat of tho People's Education in spite of thc lack of paper,
according to a speech recently delivered by Lunarharski, commissary
of education, before an educational
conference in  this city.
In Russia, he slated, there are at
present 3000 workers and peasants
theatres. In one pr9vln.ee alone
there aro 400 peasants theatres,
which fs moro than there are in
France, where thc total number
does not exceed 150. in another
province, there arc 700.
In Pctrogrdd nineteen schools or
music have been opened; in Moscow fourteen, The majority of the
pupils of the Conservatory of Music
consist of sailors and workmen,
Schools of painting are attended
by eight times more pupils than before thc revolution.
RUBBER  WORKERS STRIKE
The members of Rubbtr Workers Union at Ouelph are on strike
a result of lhe Partridge Rubber company refusing to negotiate
with a committee appointed by the
union, Financial aid Is being asked
for by this local In order to assist
them in carrying on the strike.
Buy at a union store.
Trades Council Hears
About Labor Temple
Sale Negotiations
The quostion of daylight saving
was brought before the Vancouver
Trades and Lahor Council at the
regular meeting on Wdnesday night
when a letter from the Retail .Merchants' Association was read, asking tho council's opinion on the
matter. After a brief discussion, the
couneil Instructed the secretary to
write to the Retail Merchants Informing them thnt the council
could not see the way clear to endorse the daylight saving scheme,
communication from the International J.ongshoreinens' Association asking the couneil to send a
representative to a meeting to be
held on the filh, to consider ways
and means to raise funds to care
for the families of the meu now
In gaol because of their activities
In the Winnipeg strike was read,
and Delegate Reid appointed to attend the meeting.
A communication from the International Trades Council of Winnipeg on the same subject was ordered posted In the reading room
The Building Committee reported
that the decoration of the hall
would bo commenced on Saturday
afternoon, the work being done by
volunteers.
The May Day celebration committee reported that the affair was
ft success, and that the following
amounts had been realised. Ry sale
of pictures donated by R, Schiller
$1 CT.r,0; by collection, $5.57.42; sale
of soft drinks, et-?., $86141; sale of
programmes, 141.60; a total of
$710.93. The committee nlso reported tlmt 14 barrels of beer and
18 dozen empty bottles had been
stolen from Mahon-Park on Sunday
evening, and thut the pol'ice hnd
the matter In hand. Reporting on
tho expenditures the committee
stated that nil the bills were not
yet lo hnnd, and a full report
uld be made at the next meeting. The report was adopted as
one of progress.
executive committee reported thot tho negotiations for the sale
of the Labor Temple were still proceeding in spite of the reports In
the press, and that J. II. McVoty,
who was presuming; to act as socrotary of thc company, without prop-
uthority, hud written to the
rnrfient slating that the company would not accept the offer,
in spite of the fact thnt the share*
holders had decided 10 sell. It was
also stated that the ileal could not
bc completed until the city had
placed a bylaw before the people
and accepted by the ratepayers.
The 'Marine Firemen and Oilers
reported that the men were being
■ailed on strike us the boats arrived In port, and that the sailors
were acting in conjunction with
them.
The Laundry Workers reported
that they were taking a vote on
the question of subscribing to thc
Federatlonist in a body
Main Issue in Strike on
Coastwise Vessels Is Collective Bargaining
Marine Firemen and Oilers and
Seamen working on coustwlse vessels are on strike, or will be on
strike as soon as their 48 hours'
notice is up. The strike commenced on Wednesday, when the crews
were notified to give their notice
if they had not already done so,
and those crews whose notice had
been given and the time expired at
once ceased work and went on
strike. The demands of tho Seamen are for $85 per month for
able Seamen, and $75 for deck
hands or ordinary seamen, with
75 cents per hour over time, a«d
25 cents ptr hour extra for certain
kinds of obnoxious work sucli as
handling of coal, lime, cement, etc.,
etc. The seumen are also demanding recognition of the union and
the eight-hour day. The companies
have refused to deal with the committee appointed by the organization, stating that they would deal
with their own employees only. As
a result the men decided to strike
by a large majority vote.
The Marine Firemen and Oilers
gave notice over a month ago, to
all the shipping companies und fn
order thut thc working rules should
be lived up to they wanted recognition and certain wages and conditions lived up to. The steamship
companies say that they are willing to grant many clauses of lhe
wage scale and rules submitted
by the organization, but the men
feel that they must have full recognition, or the promises of the
companies will be of little good,
os that is the only way that they
can enforce the rules. The trouble
applies more particularly to the C.
P. K. ships. The men are standing
pat, and while the seamen belong
to the International and the Marine Firemen and Oilers to the O.
B, U., there is a unlmlnity of opinion on this strike, and they nro
working In perfect harmony. It Is
expected that the stewards will be
affected by the strike very shortly,
and that these workers will join
in the strike.
BAKERS STRIKE
WEIL IN HAND
Small Bakeries Agree to
Wage Demands of
Union
Bakery and Confectionery Workers In the city aro on strike for
an Increaso of wages. The bosses
aro trying to force uti open shop in
this city, Just us they are In other
cities, but the men are standing
pftt and have every chance of winning. Practically every small bakery in the city has signed up the
new union scale and ure working
at capacity. Shelly Bros, are alleged to be the backbone of the opposition, and many Arms would sign
up were It not for the faot that
this firm has It In their power to
cripple their business. Shelly Is
producing bread by means of the
olllce staff nnd relatives, and this
bread is being delivered with the
aid of members of lhe Bakery
Salesmen's Union uf which Birt
Showier is businoss agent. The
strike has bcen sanctioned by the
International ofllce and the men
are unanimous Iii their demands,
not one of them having broke from
the ranks of the strikers.
Scabby Scab Iti-cud
On Thursday lt was reported that
a man was foijuu working In Rose's
Bakery whose face ls a mass of
running sores. This man is a returned soldier and is still undergoing treatment at the hospital for
this disease, yet at the same tima
this firm, with nothing else but a
ha nd-mixing equipment, is using
him In thc making of bread. The
attention of the health authorities
has been drawn to It and they have
demanded a health certificate from
the man.
Tho Woman's Bakery has not
been In the habit of stopping medical aid assessment for the Work-
(Continued on pas* 2)   ,•-   * PAGE TWO
twelfth tear, no. ii    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    yancouveb, b. o.
..Mar 7, lit
THIS ENTITLES YOU
to $5.00
off the sale price of any suit in the store
$40 or over, if presented on or before
Saturday, May 8th, 1920.
THE RELIGION OF
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
I'ATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
Y
FBESB MEAT DEPARTMENT
No. 1 Steer Hailing Beef, from, lb. 2M
No. 1 Steer Pot Routu, froft lb. tOe
Ho. I Steer Oven Route, frota lb. 22e
OAXTBBBUBT   LAMB   SPECIAL
Yov 3Wpn>ent of tbt ftmotu Osnt-
erbury Lamb
Canterbury Lamb Stew, lb .Sle
Canterbury Lamb Loins, lb SSO
Canterbury Lamb Shoulders,
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Canterbury Lamb Legs, lb. ..:.»48a
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Fineit    Sugar    Cured    Plenie   Hams
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Fineit Oxford Sauiage, lb .SH
Fineit Beet Liver, per lb. ........80a
Fineat Loin Pork Chopa, lb ....66a
Fineat Lois Lamb Chopa, lb .16s
Fineit Stowing Beef, par lb 25*
PORK SPECIAL
Finest Government Inspected Pork
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Slater'a Sugar Cored BonaleM,
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yvr  in.  ■.— ii}*—- —■•«'
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Fineat Beef Dripping, por lb, -—300
Fineat Boef Fat, per lb  SOe
Finest Salt Pork, per lb. - .450
GROCERY DEPARTMENT
B. k K. Split Peas, 2 lbs. for SSe
B. & K. Pearl Barley. 2 lbs fiOC
Finest Small Whito Beam, 2 lbs. SSe
Brunswick Sardines, 3 for 26o
Von Camp's Pork and Beam, 3 for SSe
Finest Potted Tongue, 3 for  Sfie
Van Camp's Tomato Soup, 2 for ..SOe
Van Camp'i Chicken Soup, 2 for -300
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BUTTER BUTTEB BUTTEB
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If It's Musical—Wo Have Ii
312  HASTINGS   WEST
People's Church Movement to Be Organized
in Vancouver    ^
[By Dr. W. J. Curry]
"These ar» the tlmea which try
mens souls." AU who are not blind
und deaf to the signs of the times
muat know that mankind has entered upon th« greatest crisis of
human history.
Today the verly foundations of
medern society seem breaking up.
There are wars find rumors of
wars, political earthquakes lo divers places, famine and pestilence,
chaos and confusion on all hands.
Is this Indeed the end of the
world, the death struggle of civilization? Is the fabric ot modern
society to be dissolved even aa the
great empires of antiquity disinteg,
rated and disappeared? Must decay and death ever follow the birth
and growth of .nations as it does
the births and growth of men, or is
this social chaos, this stress of nations but the ending of the rule of
property rights, and at the same
time the birth p^ngs of a higher
and happier social order? Wilt this
end the control of the brute man
and begin the' reign of the social
man? Can the workers bring order
out of chaos in this country as they
are doing in Russia? These are the
great questions which are agitating the minds of thinking men and
woftien.
. The New Reformation
The Protestant Reformation of
tha 16th century, accompanied the
end of the Feudal control, and aa
in the past, so today, this revolutionary epoch has Its mental and
spiritual transformations. Men on
all sides are challenging the official
standards of what seemed changeless and even justice and patriotism, treason and sedition, morality
and religion are in the melting, pot.
Even our statesmen, our judges
and courts are being tried before
the Jury of the common people.
Many ore being condemned, and
the day of judgment and execution
of their sentences are rapidly approaching.
As In the post, so today, the prophets and heralds of the new social order are being met with hatred, persecutions flnd imprisonment
by the tools of reaction, who hold
the reins of power, but they cannot jail Ideas, and truth crushed
even with the iron heel ot the state,
will rise again as it has in the past.
Dungeon walls and iron bars cannot hold the spirit of liberty and
life, and only fools depend on ignorance and brute force.
Understanding Alone Can Save the
World
Other empires and civilization
have perished because the Blave
classes were too ignorant or weak
to throw off their chains. Revolts
were crushed and their leaders crucified. The master class, blind
with greed aa today, did not realise that when the spirit of the
workera Is dead, the nation dies;
that the nation without vision above
place and plunder -is already dead.
That when the class from whom
Social Democrats draw their sustenance, sickens and dies, they also
perish.
Why Are the Workers Leaving tlie
Church?
A recent edition of our morning
paper commented editorially on the
official statement that during the
lost two years over one thousand
churchea In the United States had
closed thetr doors. To many thia
indicates growing depravity, but
tt may even,be an evidence of mental and spiritual development. The
workers are leaving the church,
not because of indifference to the
high and vital problems of life, but
rather because tWfty are becoming
aware that the church today .is
largely the agent of their exploiters, even as the press and schools
and "tnovfes" and the forces of
atate are ln the grip of mammon.
The truth la the common people
never hungered and thirsted after
social justice and righteousness
more than today. They, want peace
and brotherhood, physical, mental
and moral health; that ts why they
are repelled more and more by the
sight of so-called statesmen, atad
the supposed followers of the Nazarene fiddling while Rome burns—
that ia why they are more disgusted day by day by the dry husks of
theology and pleasant platitudes
sung In our churches. They are
weary of this spiritual cocaine used
o« Sundays to hide the issues and
nurpb sensation. The common
people are losing faith in palliatives, moro and moro they are demanding that the cancer of the
olass ownership of the means of
life be cut out, once for all, and
that poverty and war cease; that
peace and plonty and *happiness be
the lot of man, and they are realizing more and more that only Ignorance, and greed stand In the way
of social harmony. They are making ready to enforce this demand.
Tho People's Church Movement
This Represents theso Ideals—it
is religion without theology, based
on understanding of social problems In Canada lt haa become
part of the revolutionary movement
for the establishment of Industrial
democracy. It ts being based on
the fabts of history, not on blind
daith. It puts humanity before
property, biology, sociology, economics and a scientific idealism.
These are the articles of faith on
which this religion of humanity
must rest If it is to succeed.
A great scientist,(old us that the
greatest study of man is man, while
the founder of Christianity declared that the common people
"shall know the truth and the
truth shall set them free." There
is where science and religion may
ity, bat the Workers Churcl
on.
T. A. Barnard, recently- -frem
Winnipeg, speaking ln the Royal
theatre, stated that there are II
branch churchea now In Winnipeg,
and 3000 children are attending the
Workera Church Sunday school,
where they are taught Jhe--great
truths of life Instead of myths.
Branchea of the Peoples Church
have been organized in Brandon,
Cal£%;ry and Edmonton, and all are
flourishing.
This movement is the meeting
place where materialistic Socialists and religionists may meet amd
labor for the common good, for the
Kingdom of Heaven among men,
for the Co-operative Republic.
The People's Church for
Vancouver
When Wm. Ivens of Winnipeg,
was expelled from the Methodist
Church last summer, because of
the stand taken In the sympathetic strike, the Rev. A. E. Smith of
Brandon, who was taking the same
position, in effect, sara: "If Ivens
is not good enough for this church,
this church aa it la today, is not
good enough for me," and as Mr.
Smith resigned and deleted the prefix Rev. He started a People's
Church ln Brandon, taking with
him about all the congregation that
was worth having.
We should be proud to associate
ourselvos with this type of men.
Intellectually Vancouver must be
abreast of the prairie cities, and we
believe that there are hundreds
here who will gladly unite ln .the
People's Church movement, which
is part of the great Labor movement.
Certain political partlea have for
many years been carrying on an
Invaluable educational work, here
as elsewhere, but there are numerous men and women to whom a
political party doea not appeal.
They do not really know that they
belong to the working elass. Thla
Is because they do not understand.
Now, the People's Church Is appealing to many ot this clasa—its
work can be - broader and more
comprehensive than that of any
political party. It will give scope
for any number of workera, but to
succeed ln Vancouver, lt must be
clear cut, lta ultimate objective
must be the world for the .workers,
and no drones in the human hive.
Greatness must be estimated by
service to hunfanity. Human rights
must come before property rights.
The campaign for the People's
Church began May 6th, ln O'Brien
Hall.
On Sunday, May 9, Mr. Smith
wilt speak In the Royal theatre.
Subject, "The Social Meaning Ot the
Death of Jesus." •i"-ii
The conventional religionist trios
to understand human life from the
standpoint ot theology. Mr. Smith
will interpret religion from the
standpoint of human life atid revolution, and from the class struggle.
Bakers'
Strike
Well  in
Hand
(Continued from page, 1)
mect
The People's Churcli—a Going
Institution
In Winnipeg thla movement ls
known as the Worker's Church. It
was started within the past two
years by Rev. Wm. Ivens, Mr. Ivens
Is now suffering imprisonment for
sedition, and we note that Christ
was also crucified for the same offence. Ivens ta away from his
family and friends, with others he
ls a martyr to the cause of human-
men's Compensation board, ' but
when ibe strikers called Br their
time checks this week the 'firm not
only stopped all the backJ assessments, but also stopped the^ poll
tax out of the pay without troubling to flnd out whether the men
were entitled to exemption or' not
The Increase demanded by the
men will not even mean an added
expense of one cent per loaf to
the bread (the amount.now being
charged), but even lf it did, there
ls plonty of profit being made on
bread and cakes at the old price
to have left a good margin of profit
after the Increase had heen met,
Housewives should remember this
and Insist on getting bread carrying
the union label.
In July, 1918, the Bakera had
a strike and won, receiving thereby, a wage of $27.00 for a 48-hour
week, overtime pay and a closed
shop. This agreement expired In
1919 and a new one was signed
which gave no Increase In wages
but contained a clause that provided for an Increase In wages in
ratio to the increase lh the cost of
living as shown by the Labor Ga
zette. This resulted in an Increase
of wages amounting to. four dollars during the period from May
1, 1919, to May 1, 1920, making
a total of $31.00 per week at the
end ot that time.
On April 8 the employees presented a new agreement asking for
$42.00 per week. The employers
stalled until four doys before the
old agreement expired, Anally consenting to a meeting Which was
held on April 26. The employers
made an offer of $38.00 per week
and this was presented to the union but it was turned down by the
union, who offered to compromise
on $89.00. This was not satisfactory to the bosses, who a'.ood pat
on their offer of $38.00, ao the men
decided to stay off the job on
May 1.
Strike* are going on tn Seattle,
Portland, Taeoma, Portland and
Victoria as the ref ult of an attempt
on the part of the bosses to enforce open shop conditions along
with a great many other tradea.
Russell llutta In
Business Agent Rusaell bf the
Steam and Operating Engineers informed the dally press on Monday that the strike waa Illegal and
was an O. B. U. strike and that his
organization was opposed to it. On
Monday evening hie union met and
ceptions were taken to his statements and he was ordered to forward copies of the following resolution to the dally papers:
"That this meeting of the International Union of Steam and Operating Engineers, local 620, heartily endorses the present strike of
the Bakery and Confectionery
Workers, local 17,9. Further, we
pledge ourselves to do all that we
can to assist them In their struggle for a living wage and for the
maintenance of the principles of
the closed Bhop." That lt be an
instruction to our business agent
to Immediately forward copies ot
thla resolution to the three local
dally papers." Carried unanimously..
ARE RELEASED
British Government Forced to Release Political
Prisoners
Calcutta—On account ot the tremendous growth of the revolutionary activities in India, the British
government has at last been forced
to release most of the political prisoners in India. Amongst these
are Bartndra Kumar Ghose and
Hem Chandras Das, who were deported from India In 1909, as e
result of the famous Mantktole conspiracy case to overthrow British
rule In India. On his return to Cal
cutta, Barlndra Kumar Ghose, f
brother of'Auroblndo Ghose, said
ln part: •
"Some time in December, 1909,
the flrst batch of prisoners left the
shores of the motherland for the
Andamans. We were at flrat chained ln an Isolated hold. Our feeling then can be more easily judged
than described. On our arrival at
the penal settlement, the Indian
Siberia, we were flrst given rope-
making from copra fibre. Later,
on* morning at the parade, those
amongst us who were thought flt
for hard work, were given to the
mills, In place of bullocks. Ullas
yere asked to work tn the brickfields. I was given to the engineering flle, We refused to do theae
works. *
Refusal to carry out ordera were
met with most abominable tortures—lashing, standing handcuffed
wtth little or no food, gunny clothing, bar fetters, crossbar fetters.
We went through all these atrocities and more but did. not, submit.
"Well, Indu committed suicide
during Major Barker's offlce, and
Ullaakar became insane; and we
are back in Calcutta again."
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HAKE A PROTEST
With the preaa, lta tongue swollen from Its denunciation of Bolshevism lu Russia, keeping quiet
while the White Terror In Hungary
executes the interned workrrs by
the thousands, and with John D.,
.Tr., backing with millions the Interchurch World Movemont, we may
expect alnttl anything.
We patronize those who patronize us.
Pass Resolution of Protest Againat
the Winnipeg Trials
At a largely attnded mass meeting held In Cobalt, April 26, 1920,
addressed by Alderman Heaps of
Winnipeg, and Angus MoDonald,
Labor M. P.-elect for thta district,
the following resolution was unanimously adopted:
"Whereas, several members of
the Labor movement, namely, R.
B. Russell, W. Prltchard, Qeorge
Armstrong, J. Queen, Wm. Ivens,
R. Bray and R> J. Johns, were convicted and sentenced to undergo a
term of Imprisonment for alleged
sedioloua conspiracy;
"And whereaa, we contend- that
the law under which theae men
were tried la today obsolete, and
consequently out of touch with the
present-day spirit of demooraoy tu
Canada';
'And- whereas, we also contend'
that the above-named men were
6nly the Instruments to interpret
the general feelings and wishes of
the people involved ln the strike,
and were therefore not directly responsible for all or any occurrences;
"Therefore, be it resolved, that
we, the citizens of Cobalt, ln moss
meeting assembled, urge upon the
minister of Justice, to release these
men without restrictions;
. "And further be it resolved, that
a copy et thla resolution be forwarded to the minister of Justice
and the various Labor papers
throughout the Dominion of Canada."
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE TO
HOLD DANCE FOR DEFENSE
Young People's Organization WlU
Run Big Dance for the
>      Defence Fund
At a special meeting of the Junior Labor League, called for the
purpose, arrangements were made
and the date decided for the holding of a dance and whist drive ln
aid of 0M, Winnipeg defence fund.
The young people will, as far aa
possible, make all arrangements
themselves, because besides aiding
the defence fund, they want to set
the pace for their young comrades
in Winnipeg and Prince. Rupert,
who have been holding dances for
the same purpose. It was decided
to hold the whist drive and dance
ln Cotillion Hall on Friday, May
28. The tickets will be 25c for
ladles, and BOo for gentlemen, and
refreshments will be on sale. Oood
prizes wtll be offered for the whist
drive.
The meeting tonight (Friday)
will be held at 1646 Charles atreet.
Thla la the educational meeting,
and two debatea are on the programme. Aa next Friday la the
second Friday tn the month, there
will be no meeting of the League
on that night.
Washington—Release ef Eugene
V. Debs and all other political prisoners from Jail Is demanded ln
resolutions adotped by the' unanlnW
ous vote of the Railway Employeea
department of the A. F. of L., In
convention at Kansas City. Not
only did the organized railway
workers go this far, but they also
endorsed the principle of the World
War Veterana organization, because
that body ef veterans haa taken a
pro-Labor stand, and has pledged
Its support to publlo ownership,
free speech and assembly, and the
nationalization of all coal and oil
lands and otl wells and coal mines.
They also branded Governor Allen
of Kansas and his Industrial court
as agents of human enslavement,
and enemies of the Labor movement.
Ask your grocer tf his clerks art
ln the union?
VANOOUVER FIRM
HAS THE PROPER SELMK9
PLAN
Thare has been criticism galore ea the
profits received by from three to six deal*
ore when Uie commodity could cully tw
sold without putting through io nitty
hinds. Ia most eases the consunfora pay
from 100 to SOO per eent. more for their
noeds; pspoclally is this true in noveltlaa
and jew«lry, A plan, which should be
encouraged by the purchaser, hu been
adopted by the North Weet Mail Order
House, Vaneoaver, whereby in most Instances they sell direot from the maker
to the wearer, or they are representing
somo large eastern manufactm-er. On account ot Ihe email overhead expense by
mail, at a small profit they are enabled to
undraell any competitor. Eventually the
North West Mall Order House expect to
handle clothing of all kinds, boots and
shdes, and even groceries, under this same
direct to consumer plan, ***
SHAVING BRUSH '
Boeckh's steel grip rubber, Whit.
tvorine handle, guaranteed, Postpaid
GILLETTE SPECIAL
Pocket edition, nickel silver cas.
plush lined, 0 blade?.   Postpaid -	
$1.89
$5.00
SAVB THE MIDDLEMAN'S PROFIT—BUY FROM
holder for sharpening. Postpaid ........
PEN KNIFE
red-wood and
$1.30
AROMINTS
70c
For the lumberman or farmer,
black shades; beat steel; two
blades. Postpaid  -	
The popular mint candy, solid, in
all flavors; 20 packages in box. Postpaid
THE NORTH WEST MAIL ORDER HOUSE
THE BIG BARGAIN nOUSE FOR JEWELRY AND GENERAL MERCHANDISE!
TELL US WHAT YOU WANT ,    WE CAN SUPPLY YOC
615 PENDER ST. WEST     -     . .     .     . .   VANCOUVER, B. C.
SEND FOR CATALOGUE
FULL OP BARGAINS—FREE ON REQUEST
Cut out the list of advertisers,
patronize them, and tell them why.
Half Price
Sale of
DRUGS
fBIDAT AND SATDRDAT
Standard Bem.dlei
.SO Zambuk   26
1.00 Raid'! Iron 4 Mm Tablet!.. .00
.25 Nature's Remedy    .13
1.00 Reid'a Blood Purifier .50
.25 Beeehim'e l'illi   . .11
1.00 Reid'B Syrup of Hypophoa-
phites ~. .10
.25 Reid'a Cascara Tableta .IS
.50 McLaren's Mustard Clrate. M
1.00 Reid'B Burdock * Sarsapa-
rlila  .:  - .SO
.86 Freestone    „ '. — ,11
.50 Reid'a Kceima Ointment ...... .96
.25 Mecca Ointment  .18
.60 Reld's Pile Ointment  ... .SS
.50 Ota Kidney Pills 25
.50 Reid'B Kidney Pills '•' .86
1.00 McLaren's Mustard Clrate .. .60
.25 Carter's Liver Pills  IS
.50 Brook's Barley  26
.50 Brook's Groats  26
Bubber Goods
3.00 Hot Water Bottlea  1.5S
2.00 Hot Water Bottlea   1.00
1.50 Hot Water Bottlea  76
.75 Household Gloves '.— SS
,60 Ear   Syringes  .—_  2S
.50 Infant Syringes   26
3.50 Pemal. Syringe .... „ 1.75
1.50 Victor Atomisers  - ,76
Tooth Preparations
.85 Calox Tooth Powder —.— .IS
.60 Febeco Tooth Past. ——.— ,16
.25 Dontoh. Tooth Powder —.-, .13
.85 Poroslde Tooth Paat. ......... .18
.50 Tooth Brush ...-—. ..—■■•• .25
.40 Tooth Brush  . •••• .20
.80 Tooth Brush  ...— 16
.50 Bald's Mouth Wash 26
Household Heads
1.00 Liquid Petrolatum ................ .60
.60 Llthla Tableta  _ .25
.15 Axplrln Tablets, 1 dos OS
.60 Blaud's Pllla   25
.10 Vaseline  :  . .05
.50 A. B. 8. * 0. Tablets 25
.25 Glycerine    — .13
.00 Syrup ot Whit. Pine * Tar. .96
.25 Castor Oil   .IS
.50 Parish's Chemical Food 26
,60 Esston'a Syrup  —...... .20
.10 Epsom Salts, Boraelo Acid,
Boras, Sulphur, Licorice
powder, Camphorated chalk .06
Sharers' Needs
.50 Paratoa   .—.— — .25
.76 Michaud'a Lilac  .SS
.50 Reld'a Alter Share —— .25
.80 Albort'a Shaving Stick  .16
,85 Adaca Shaving Cream ..- 18
.75 Shaving  Brush  .88
.50 Shaving Brush  ........ .26
8.00 Rasor Strops ..-  1.60
2.00 Rasor Strops — 1.00
.10 Styptic Pencils OS
Soaps
.16 Palm Olive Soap  .08
.15 Savar'a Glycerine Soap ....— .08
.26 Pound Bath Soap 18
Only onl to saeh customer. War Tax
•xtra whsn required. Ho mall orders.
Vancouver
Drug Co. Ltd.
THB OBIOMAL OUT EATB DRDO-
GIST1 Or VAHOOUVEB
—Sevan Stares—
60S Hsstings W. Bey. 1266
7 Hastings W Say. SMS
168 Hastings E. Bey. 2089
789 Granville St  Sey. 7018
1700 Commercial Drive ....Uljk. 988
OranviUe ssd Broadway -Say. 9814
Broadway and Mala —..-fair. 4089
Have you faith
in the future
of Russia?
It so—then you muit realist
that Russian securities are
good.
Why not help Russia by Investing a small amount in old
currency which is recognized
by ALL authorities?
For particulars apply at
505 Bower Bldg.
GRANVILLE   ST.
Subscription Price Raised
Owing to the price of paper liav.
in* taken a jump to the extent ot
four centa per pound, the subscription price of the Foderationist will
be raised to $3.50 per year on and
after May the 7th. The subscription prioe to subscribers ln the
United States will be *3.00 per year.
Those renewing their subscriptions
are asked to bear tliis in mind and
send along the right subscription
price,
Tass the Federationist along and
help get new subscribers.
Phone Sey, KT
UNION-MADE BREAD FOR
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UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
Labor Power Regenerated
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Meals of the Best—Prices
Right
P. Gibb
57 Oordova St. W.
Near th. Loggers' Hall
All Royal Crown Produc
carry Coupons, redeemab
for useful articlctj
SPORTSMEN! -- ATHLETES!
THESE flno Spring days make you want to get out doors and
enjoy yourselves.
~Whether you are a disciple of Isaac Walton et a baseball enthusiast, we are here to take care of your every need. We have
the largest stock of high-grade Ashing tackle and sporting goodi
Jn British Columbia, all moderately priced.
TISDALLS LIMITED
THB COMPLETE SPORTING OOODS STORB
ei8 HASTINGS STREET WEST Phone Seymonr 151 FAOE  IS  PAID  FOB  BT  THB
MJMBEB ABD OAMP WOBEBBS
OF IBB 0. B. O.
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 19
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
THIS FAOE IS DEVOTXD (0 UHM-
ESTS OF THI LOMBEB ABD OAMF
WOBKEBS Dm Of ID O.l.tt
sa-1
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY'MORNING,  MAY 7,1920
$2.00 PER YEAR
-NEW&iDF THE-
Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
50,000 IN 1920
CAMP REPORTS
PORT ALBERNI
Ooal Oreek Lumber Company's
Camp, Alberni Canal
Thla camp Is operating fourteen
miles from Port Alberni,. bn the
Alberni Canal, head olllce Vancouver, local ofllce Port. Alberni.
Fellow-workers, the Coal Creek
Lumber Company Is altogether a
different company from the A. P. L.
Company at Port Alberni, where
there has been so much trouble for
the past nine months through
striker, where the company tried so
hard to break the L. W. I. U organisation through discrimination
and blacklist system.
This camp Is 100 per cent, organized, good union foreman, first-
class cook, good board at $1.60 per
day. Good accommodation. New
sunk house being built, top bunks
feeing taken out. Bath house and
wash room will be built as soon aa
possible. Five minutes walk to
work. This Is no place for stool-
pigeons or any one opposed to the
O. B. U, or any unit of the
O. B. U.
DEL. 26».
CRAUBROOK DISTRICT
Canyon, B. 0., Mill Camp, Canyon
Lumber Co,
Wages tt.60 per day in woods,
If men -or. satisfied; J 6 per day if
• man can kick hard enough. Paid
In time cheque at store. Six miles'
walk to Creston for cash. At Creston olllce will make attempt to hold
out poll tax on ten dollars coming.
Also more than law allows for
Compensation Act, Company hostile to delegate of O, B. U., and
members of L. w. I. U. who talk
union In camp. Board tl.50 per
day. Chinese cook. Food below
fair. Bunk houses very poor. Few
members holding on. Sclssorbills
In majority, very contented bunch.
Bull cook is noted by his absence. DEL. 2264.
KINGCOME RIVER, B. 0.
The following resoltuion was
passed by members of this camp:
"Resolved that no member on the
payroll of this organization shall
have voice or vote at conventions
excepting as called upon for reports
or information.
MYRTLE POINT
Camp 4
At a regular meeting held on the
list inst the following resolution
was adopted: "Resolved, that we,
the members of the L. W. I. U. of
the O. B. U., of Camp 4, Myrtle
Point, that whereas, it appears that
meagre reports relating to proceedings of the L. W. 1. U. of tho
O.'B. U. reaching its members, and
whereas the financial statements
appearing In the Fed. are of an in-
comprehensive nature, and whereas the findings of the Investigation
committee are being withheld, or a
long time in 'appearing, thereforo,
be it resolved that the members of
this camp voice their objections to
the coaat district referendum questioning the authorization of same."
This camp is fair to union men,
paying about the highest wages on
the coast. Conditions fair, good
cook, eight hours on the Job, Just
About Ave minutes' walk. They
Slave installed a bath house, also
dry house; all bottom bunks; no
blankets furnished yet.
No. II.
KINGCOME RIVER
Oamp 1
At the business meeting held on
the 22nd inst.. the following resolution was passed: 'That no member on the pay roll of this organization shall have voice or vote at
conventions excepting as called
npon for reports or information."
PARK SIDING, B. 0.
Ross's Camp
This camp Is strictly haywire, 11
hours camp to camp. Sanitary
conditions unbearable. Bunk almost adjoining stablos. Cook houso
SO feet away from toilet. Bunk
houses not sanitary by any means.
Bull cook sleep* in cook house; a
kind of guard, I guess. Grub poor.
No change room or bath house. A
good place to keep away from.
The management Is opposed to organized labor. The employees are
mostly composed of stool pigeons.
No delogate in camp, as lt -la a
waste of time to try and organize
men of that calibre.   The camp is
ln a cedar swamp, the water they
use is taken from a well ln the
kitchen which has access to tho
seepage surrounding the camp.
NORTH THOMPSON RIVER
Fcrncll's Camp
Now this camp has been working
eight hours all wlntor and an the
1st of April they started to work
ten hours, and a few union men are
foolish enough to stand for that
kind of work. Now the camp Is
very unsanitary and the mattresses
are of the old time kind which
you get from the hay shed and the
foreman. Mr. Bell Is very antagonistic to the L. W. I. U., so all
union men will act accordingly with
these Jlpo jobbers and make them
live up to the standard, If they
power.
want to exploit the only commodity
that we have for sale, our labor
PRINOE RUPERT DISTRICT
There are receipts and folders ln
this olllce for the following: Jacob
Anderson (A235), J. Bourgon
(PGBGS), Ben Bennett (RB37),
Wm. Ballantyne (RB17), Pat Cal-
nln (RC42), A. Christie (CI61), J.
H, Erlckkson (E62), P. Flannlgan
(F155), Jas. Ferguson (RF10),
Wm. Gordon (RG24), H. Gilbert
(RG7), Otto Hendrickson (RH18),
Olive Aker (A197), Chas. Hough
(RH29), D. Kristopher -<K287),
Arthur Hendrickkson (H317), H.
Gilbert (RG7), John Hoyum
(H364), W. J. Hope (RIM), W. A.
Brady (RB39—B143), W. G. Rout-
ledge (RR14), John Kramer
(RK9), Carl Anderson (A248),
John Tracks (T155), Nick Pyrek
(P263), V. de Pessemier (RP35),
H. W. Pllcher (RP37), Angus MacDonald, Axel Wretling (W128),
Jack Kolatun (RK25), Wm.
Zachary (RZ2), W. McKenzle
(RMcl3), Axel Norman (N103—
RN13), Albert Wilson (RW18),
Ben Bennett (RB37), Joe Couture
(C329), Mike O'Nell (ROD, D. W.
.McDonald (PGMc3), John Gnrbutt
(G189), C Carlson (C266), Andy
King, John Stollberg (RSI), W.
Wallqulst, Albert Wilson (RW18),
Llman Olson 34444, H. Hedstrom
(RH26).
Mail for Herman Lalne. Carl
Lindberg, Robt. Pontl, Maurice
Smith (2), And, Olson, L. J. McKay, John Naslund (2), Chas. Ren-
shaw, S. Maddell, V, Markland.
The following mall has been returned marked "not called for."
The persons mentioned were signed up at Swanson Bay by B. T.
Nelson, and the addresses of tho
following were given as "Prince
Rupert: F. Johnson, Dan Mcintosh, Fey Johnson, T. Vanulla.
By same delegate at Swanson
Bay: W. B. Woor, 1743—8rd Avenue East, Vancouver; J. Carter, 86
Seymour Street, Vancouver, marked
"not in directory), Sam Wester,
Port Simpson, "not called for."
By same delegute. addresses
given as ''Swanson Bay": Abel
Nalshloss (presumed Japanese), J.
Androws, Alven H. Porteson, Ed.
Anderson. Alt these contain receipts and folders for collection
made bs» B. T. Nelson).
At a meeting held on Sunday,
Aiirll 18 (letter received in Prince
Rupert April 23), the men employed by tho Massett Timber tt Trading Co., at Buckley Bay, gave Instructions that the camps operated
by this company be placed on the
unfair list until further notice. The
long-promised bath-houses and dry
houses have failed to materialize.
There are not enough dishes for
the men to wash in; thero ls no
arrangement for transporting an
Injured man to thc hospital, and at
the time of writing (April 23), no
notification had been received by
this ofllce as to a settlement of the
dispute over -the 60c raise which
came Into effect on April 1, which
excluded most of the monthly men
(boom-men, blacksmiths, cooks and
some figging men). No sheets or
pillows have appeared; blankets are
scarce, table fruit also, and the
cooks have thoir orders cut on
them. The headquarters camp
has double-deck bunks.
The superintendent's name ls McCulloch, and to those who have
worked under him that ls Information enough. He was acting In the
same capacity for N. P. Company
at Cumshewa Inlet, . C. I„ In 1918;
previous to that at Greenway Sound
and also on the West Coast.
In regard to the above trouble,
the lack of   definite   Information
Directory of District Offices
GENERAL HEADQUARTERS:
Vancouver, B. ft; E. Winch, 61 Oordova Street West
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. ThompBon....Box 18
Cranbrook District—Legal  adviser:    Oeorge Spreull
Kamloops, B. 0 J. L. Peterson Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B. 0 E. Mutch .Box 197
Meetings are held in the O. B, U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the first and Srd Sunday of eaoh month at
3 p.m.
Prince Qeorge, B.C. J. Stevenson Drawer 20
1'rince Rupert, B.0...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 E. Waterson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alte 0. Berg 10333-lOlst St. E.
Prince Albert, Sask...Gco. Tether 108—8th St. X.
Sudbury, Ont W. Cowan „ Box 1631
LisgarSt
Port Arthur, Ont N. Hatherly  381 Bay Street
Fort Frances, Ont T. Mace  Box 390
Cobalt, Ont	
Montreal „
Timmins, Ont. _..
„J. D. Clnney—
..U. Binette	
..Lumberworkers
District Seo	
Webster Hall
_M> Lang St
...8 Craig St. E.
UVr-Cedar St
...P.O. Box 200
Vancouver District Secretary;   61 Cordova SI W.
from the men concerned haa prevented this offlce from talcing such
action as would effectively stop ihe
influx of labor while things are in
such an unsatisfactory condition.
There had been no notification serious enough to warrant taking steps
to that end until the arrival of one
of the delegates in town who gave
a first-hand account of the shortcomings of the camps, and not until then was tho information of
sufficient Importance to warrant the
district secretary notifying headquarters to deter men from coming
up. In view of the fact that thert
is a Dominion Oovernment wireless
plant at Buckley Bay, lack of opportunities of communication cannot be pleaded as an excuse. • If
the men in the camps would realize
that a district secretary Is responsible not only to the men In the
camps, but also to the members
who are looking for a place to
light and secure a Job, they would
appreciate the necessity of supplying him with definite information
and instructlMi as to what they
want done. Be la not in a position to go off half-cocked and declare certain avenues of employment closed without definite information. In consequence of this
oversight on the part of the men in
the Buckley Bay camps many men
have left Vancouver for those
camps, and heard nothing of the
condition until they arrived in
Prince Rupert, and as they were
most of them broke nothing could
be done but tell them that as the
camps had not been declared on
strike or unfair, the best thing for
them to do was to keop on going.
The meeting and decision arrived at
on Sunday, April 18, should have
been carried out two weeks previously if it was the wish of the men
concerned to warn off other members from seeking employment
there, until the company came
through with the promises made by
their, representative.
Hanson's.pole and tie camp at
Carnaby, O. T.P., is again on the
map from the union standpoint,
after a lengthy period of somnolence. The change is due to a delegate who took a "holiday" from
the big timber country to see what
could be done in these small camps,
which have been so often referred
to in unfavorable reports on their
living conditions and lack of ginger
in the men. A meeting was held,
on April 13, called by the delegate.
Fellow Worker A. P. McCabe was
elected to the chair, and the following requirements endorsed: 1,
Minimum scale for poles and piling to be 8c per foot; 2. minimum
scale for ties to be 22c, with no
road cutting; 3. Minimum wage for
teamsters to be |100 per month and
board, for 26 working days, double
time for Sunday work; 4. no more
than eight maa to 'he allowed to
sleep in each iunkhousc; springs
and mattressat to bc furnished; 5.
That a dry lwti.se be furnished in
each camp, ^ttli bathroom; no'old
clothes, etc., to he allowed to hang
in the bunk house; 6. Each bunk
housf to hare w ventilator In the
roof, also plenty of windows, nnd
that the ■faith Act be strictly en-
fooced; f. That each contractor
keep sufltolent cash on hand to
provide Men leaving camp enough
to reach their destinations, exchange en cheques to be added; 8.
That the district organization try
to get a rate from the G, T. P. for
the workers going to and from
camps; 9. That a copy of these
resolutions be presented to the
Prince George convention, and also
to Prince Hupert.
A camp committee was formed to
present the demands to the management, ani.instructed to allow 7
daya for tbe company to come
through, or a strike would result.
(Del. 2811, P. 11.)
The remit was a compromise
with the Management on the terms
presented. Mr. Hanson stated that
the conttMts were finished, with
no moro Immediately in sight. He
would par SUn per foot for piles,
but' poles would .remain at l%c.
He refusal to install springs and
mattresse* but after an energetic
repreaaaMtlon by the delegate, who
referred Mm to the Health Act, and
the manner in which the organization wat forcing other firms to conform to Its provisions, consented to
make tha camps conform to it. The
result of the delegate's efforts ls
an indication that it Is possible to
get aotton started, which, ln thia
dlstriot, and in this kind of camps,
hae boon ao far a forlorn hope.
Kelly's camps at Moresby Island
are fllling up, Judging by the re-
mittaucaa being made by delegates.
The Shannon Bay camp, (Jamieson & Ioroel, logging for the Frince
Rupert Sawmill, haa about 45 men
employed, and at tha time of writing, Is reported full up, and paying
the best wages on the Islands (vide
verbal report.) Other amall camps
in the Masset Inlet are also working, ranging from 10 to 20 men
each. There is no trouble reported
fmm any of them, apart from the
big outfit at Buckley, which Is referred to above. Organization Is
needed in the sawmills In the Inlet,
as they are working more than 8
hours, but definite Information of
other conditions ls lacking at present.
An attempt in being made at
Amesbury, G. T. P., to scuttle the
8-hour day by working 9 hours
from Monday to Friday, with half
day on Saturday for full time.
This will appeal to the local men,
who have homes and ranches at
Terrace near by, as they can get
away to do chores, and no doubt
was proposed In order to catch thnt
class, who are proverbially bard to
organize.
The Kitselas Lumber Co., Usk,
G. T. P., after a presentation ef demands for BOc Increase all round,
and a conference with the men, in
which they stated that it had come
to the point of greater production
(longer hours)) or less expense
(shorter wages), ahut down. Efforts were made to get men to take
the plaoe* of those who left, but
prompt ntftoB*? thia offlce In noti
fying Edmonton and Prince George
of the situation made it useless to
try, and now the camp is opened
again, and all the old men have
been asked to come back. This
camp has been fortunate In that
from the start it has had a very
good type of delegate, every one Of
them being right on tb his job, and
the camp has beeu solid O. B. U.
from the start.
With the start of the fine weather
many small camps are expected to
open up, a large demand for piling
being anticipated this summer. L.
W. 1. U. men who land In uny of
these camps where there Is no delegate, are requested to start In themselves, got a delegate elected, and
send in,the collection with his name
and notice of election, signed by
the chairman or three men of the
camp. This Is an advisable method,
as some men who may not have
the confidence of the crowd,* might
take it upon themselves to ask for
credentials, and the district secretary, unless he knew the man personally, might afterwards be blamed for appointing Undesirable men
as delegates. Address such and all
other communications affecting
matters in the Prince Rupert-district, to the undersigned.
J. H. BURROUGH. .
Box 833, Prince Rupert
ONTARIO NOTES
(From W. Cowan, Secretary It. W.
I. U. (O. B. U.), Sudbury, Ont.
I am acting In the capacity of
camp doctor in the province of
Ontario.
Bunkhouses are situated so that
from 160 to 200 men excrete directly into the river, which is being
pumped back for drinking purposes, the resultant drinking water
being nothing better than diluted
sewage.
I have consistently kicked about
the conditions.until I have been replaced by another doctor.
I understand that all the men arc
paying $1.00 per month into the insurance scheme and thought thc
men were the only ones concerned.
I thought contractors were compelled to keep a doctor to look
after the men's interests. It turns
out, however, that the contractor
can appoint a medical officer of
his own choice to look after hla
own interests and to the devil with
the men.
1 think that this matter should
bc taken out of the employers'
hands altogether.
There is no bath house or laundry for tho men to wash their
clothes; the men living and sleeping in overcrowded bunk houses
and are, natualty lousy.
Men are laboring in mud up to
their kneess for 45 cents por hour,
bonrd 11.20 per day. There are no
eggs, bacon, ham, lamb or fresh
vegetables In camp. The men live
on beef, corner beoT, and beans.
Fellow Workers: This is the report of a camp doctor to this organization who ls also a veteran of
two fronts, who, when he endeavors
to enforce the laws of the country,,
is separated from the means of life
-by grasping employers of labor,
who every day show by their actions that a man employed by
them must do their bidding
whether he is a veteran of the war
for democracy and a better world
to live in, or any other individual
who endeavors to make the employers of labor live up to the laws
that are on the statute books of this
Dominion, they are fired and blacklisted in order that grasping; employers of labor may make a few
dollars out of the misery of thc
workers, who are forced to work
under such conditions as the above.
It is a well-known fact that this
country ls swept from end to end
by chronic epidemics of disease
and plagues that can . have their
origin ln no other source than the
camps of this country. They are
cesspools of filth which are never
cleaned up from the time they are
built until such time as the work
is finished that they were constructed for, and then are left there to
breed disease, which is a menace
not only to the men who have to
work in camp, but the wholo population of the country.
The only remedy for the above
conditions la to organizo in the One
Big 'Union and stand behind the
few individuals who endeavor to
better tho conditions of tha oamp
workers, but are helpless without
the organized might of the eamp
workers, lined up solidly behind the
Correspondence
KlU'lten Workers
In the Federatlonist of March 26
an article was printed regarding
kitchen workers. I have been
looking for some more In the same
paper and found in the paper of
April 9 regarding kitohen slaves.
I guess there would* not ba a cook
or helper against a betterment of
conditions. We all It now abo.ut the
Improved conditions in camps in
general, but the betterment of the
kitchen staff is towards more work.
We are paying a dollar por month
for which I cannot see the benefit
derived, if not for the pleasure of
being at a meeting and listening
to things regarding the outside
which do not hurt us to know, but
on the other hand does not help us.
Yes, we are still plugging along
from 12 to 16 hours a day with a
crew of 35 or 40 with no helper,
Wages arc not getting any higher
than wages wero ln 1914. Are we
not entitled to the same conditions
as any other human being with an
eight-hour day. Cooka that are
cooks wage up, we have been
dreaming long enough; not only let
us say get together, but let us act
and act at once. The number of
years I have slaved as a cook In
logging camps need not be mentioned, but the non-colored face
and spoiled feet perhaps can tell
the tale.
! 'I ara with the writer on March
26 for success. Hoping to hear
from some more of my fellow workers.
SIMOON1 SOIJXD, B. C.
As a member of the O. B, TT., I
wish you would give these few lines
spuce in your most' valued paper,
for, the benefit of other members fn
and around this vicinity so that
:jthoy can act accordingly. Our
O, B. U. organizer In this neck of
tlie-woods has had occasions
different times to tie up his boat
At Simoon P. O. and do such busl-
jncSs as his position calls for. The
postmaster at Simoon Sound has
taken a great dislike to seeing him
around for the simple reason they
*dlffcr in politics, so he told him to
pull out and stay out, as he didn't
want him around there. Now this
is Lhe point I want to impress on
other members. That man runs a
store at Simoon Sound and that
stope Is kept running by hand-
loggers principally. Now are we
going to stand by and see a man
who owes his means of livelihood
to members of the O. B. U. call in
the police from Albert Bay and
try to move him. by force, although
It1 Tails completely. A member of
our own organization carrying credentials as an organizer for. the
O. B. U. in this district, are we, as
members of the O. B, U„ going to
stand for such a thing as*, that.
Why not put an O. B. U. store ln
this district and run such men as
are opposed to us out? Keep the
money in the family for the family.
Yours in revolt,
G. A.  B.
TO OltFOUD BAY HIND-LEG
OHA3IPIOXS
In tlie Fed. of April 16 we read
an article of heroic-comic quill,
akin to a well known comradery
in tlie ranks of the L. W. I. U.,
they jump, nnd .they shout to our
members for asssistanee to rid the
organization of pnrasitcs and fund
eaters, and, yet, their very article
exhales such a rotten and annoying
odor, possibly only from deceased
organism manifesting itself as proof
of the filthy motives and'feeblemindedness on the part of the authors.    I could   but   suggest   that
delegate and the camp committee.
Are you going to line up with the
men who are using every ounce of
energy in the fight for better conditions? Are you going to demand
conditions fit for a human being to
live under or be satisfied to wallow
In mud and slime like a hog, as
you have done In the past and
present? It Is up to the men who
work In the camps to carry Ihis
flght to the grasping employers of
labor by organizing with your fellow workers and taking action on
the Job, always acting through your
camp committee, Let's hear from
you. How are the conditions In the
camp you work In? We havo started tho flght?   Aro yon with ua?
POUT ARTHUR DISTRICT
Statement for Starch 31st, 1920
Receipts—
Dubb  •.i. I «12.«0
Fees i  26.00
Delegates' remittances -1 $203.20
Less commission  .$2200
Less expenses •     LOO
     23.00
!                               180.20
District members    i  29.00
O. B. U, Buttons '.»...-  43.05
O. B. U. Folders in  .76
Defense fund collections  A • • •. 5.00
Balance on hand February 29  416.90
i • . 	
ti   ) $1,311.90
Expenditures— ■      i>
Wages *• i * 241.00
Heating '.  6.20
Equipment, chairs, table, blackboard    24.80
Central Labor Council per capita (two months)  50.00
Printing stickers, pamphlets, defense lists, referendum ballots.. 76.00
Winnipeg Bulletins  20.00
Subscriptions to Industrialist -  4.76
Subscriptions to Searchlight ' >  10.00
Organisation   146.15
Winnipeg defense fund remittance  6.00
Advertising  9.07
Literature  1.40
Postage   25.79
Office supplies  22.28
Telegrams  •••< •*•••  3.67
Express and cartage  3.80
Delegates' expenses to Winnipeg convention C. L. C, , 11,00
Temporary relief U ... 2.00
Hospital expense  -. ....,; .70
Bank chargos i  1.89
Remitted to headquarters  410.00
Balance oahand March tl  248.00
ILI1LM
those braves prior to cleaning up
on any one else should do considerable cleaning In their own camp
and then above all else train themselves to a working class discipline;
to the understanding of the base
and structure of our orgnnization.
They are making a dirty insinuation by stating that Anderson and
his wife have received $200 on their
way to Ontario. As to how much
of the union funds are spent by
Anderson, he undoubtedly will explain; also detailed report on same
can be had from the official auditors of our union. However it may
re-act in painful heartache on our
non-composmentis-commlttee of Orford Bay with their flctlous report;
because lt won't show anywheres on
the Union records that Anderson's
wife received any money from
headquarters. Therefore, lt should
cause no worry to our members as
to how much money she spent off
any trip she choose, be it $2,000 instead of $200.
The only money ahe received
from the L. W. I. U. was $2,60
mileage when on duty once as delegate in Ontario) She haa signed
up few members and did not take
even the commission due to her.
For the laBt two months without a
penny of remuneration she has
fulfilled the ofllce of another person
who formerly for the same Job received $30 per week, and she has
put in good and long hours at times.
It is not only she, but a good many
others who have our cause at heart
contribute their spare time to activities leading towards the emancipation of our class.
It disappoints me to waste the
pages of our press disputing any
personal or group intrigues of our
fellow-workers. Don't they realize
that we have better and more Important mission than that? However, I was compelled to call the
attention of our members that they
are being fascinated and misled by
a good many brave liars like those
at Orford Bay—they have cowardly discredited me. There fs reason
to conclude that their Intentions are
not to construct, but to destroy our
union. Therefore, don't pay any attention, fellow workers, to any report, or circular unless endorsed by
your organization—your duly elected officials. Now, while the workers of the world have come to a
realization that they have only one
vampire, one common enemy,
against whom we have to mobilize
in concentrated efforts of solidarity
in this trying hour our flea heroes
are declaring war on our organization which means war on the working class.
In order to attract attention they
now go down on all fours and
shout, and then get up on thetr
hinds and rave, and yet they call
others fakirs—tell me who are
they.
ANDERSON'S WIFE.
THE MINIMUM WAGE AS
SKT BY THE h. W. I. U.
TO ANNIE LAI TRIE'S LOVERS
Orford Bay, Camp 1
In an article entitled "To all
members in.the Fed.," April 16, we
read "that $200 was spent ln sending P. Anderson and his wife to
Ontario," and a lot of other dirty
slush.
For truth's sake, permit me to
say a few brief words.
Having an Idea that I am the
only Anderson sent to Ontario as
organizer, I may state that tho
wife has received no money—not
a penny of it from Vancouver district or headquarters. And this
being the case, it Is no concern of
the aforesaid lovers us to how much
lt took Anderson's wife to go anywhere she chose, or how much she
spent. The L. W. I. U., I reckon
was not organized into a battlefield
bt personal or family quarrels, nor
will it ever stoop down to that.
Furthermore, I recoived only
$125 from headquarters, all told,
since I was sent out as paid organizer, which Is less than most of
the organizers got.
If those loving pets of mine Intended to show what the different
districts pnid me In Ontario, besides the $125 transportation given
mo by headquarters, why honor
bright did not they then say also
whnt returns did Anderson give to
the different districts ln the shape
of actual cash for fees and dues by
new members; in collections for defense and other purposes. Also how
many O. B, U., or L, W. I, U. meetings he arranged and held; how
many delegates he put into tho
field, how he spent the money, etc.
Why didn't they tell you that?
Is a quetslon they hate to answer,
Therefore, I will do it for them. It
Is because of a factional, or personnl grudge they have against
Anderson and a good many other
officials of the union.
It would be useless to be one of
them who did their little bit In
forming the L, W. I. U., and If wc
come right down to flne figuring,
then you will see that Anderson has
turned Into tho union treasury
many more dollnrs collected by
him than he ever rocelvod ns paid
orgnnizer.
They sny that some organizers
get $800 in going as far ns Nova
Scotia, and "not getting nny members," The executive, or advisory
committee sent there tlie bent men
they could get from tlie ranks of
the common working men, nnd If
thoro nre any "heroes" nt Orford
Bay, who cnn do "better," then
they are welcome to the Job.
Are we to purpose our union Into
dollars and cents banking-house
fashion of J. P, Morgan? Did you
ever see a militant working-class
organization accumulate fabulous
bank accounts?
No, In spite of cost, we are manifesting our principles and tactics,
so that wo may be enabled to more
successfully carry on the every dny
fight over wages, hours of work, etc.,
and prepare ourselves for tho day
when production for profit shall be
replaced by production for use,
When an organizer sticks a card
Into a man's pocket and talks him
out of "we'll say six mom..;/ dues,"
»i uoes not provo mat tne maa id
utt,i_lti_t,tA     bi.IM.uy,      Uili_uu«_l      (1)1)
u*u_«.ng pun may oe iu-uoiu^iiBiioa.
wo u*ve iiuu eome oitfuuisteiit in
Ontario who aiuu* luemuersmp
•.•nut* into men m pucauvta uuuui
imse piet.ent.eti—unit tutiun urn mil
oj'biun&ti tlio men, H uiu einuige tiui
uaiiK account. Tnereiuie, some oi
...in-su ui'fc4ii<«ertj mat am not give
returns in dollars and cents, pioO-
UtUiy fcuve ua uonieimug better, i.e.,
uie conect idea auout tne O. li. U.,
it gave us organization.
And Xurtner that article .raves
about the instructions to whistle
"punks" and tbo degeneration ot
tne "Fed." Why Uoji t mey pmci.ee
,'hut they preach? The only article
ot uegeuerauun X ever saw in the
Feu." is theirs. Mind you, whistle
"punk!" Toe writers ot tnat article
naely call one another Xellow-work-
er», however, tne whistle man, or
boy Ukeiy does not belong to their
code of ethics,
lf the "Fed," can educate the
boss, that will do a world of good
to them and us. But that ls more
than any other paper ever has, or
can do. If it haa "learned" tbe
loggers' signals, It la to the good of
the loggers. All of tbem likely
are not as "learned" as our "larneu
friends" at Orford Bay, The logger does not, get the fits If some,
other worker twites his job like the
job monopolizers of the A. F. of L.
They luriner object to tne reier-
enuum role. Too bud (?) that our
union ls based on majority rules!
Let's cnange lt next convention-and
make it on ord Bay camp rule.
(It sounds just like a voice of our
18,000 members would be coming
from that camp.)
A thing 1 would Uke to know Is,
where does it say anywhere in our
constitution that any individual
shall not read anything he chooses,
or when did the general executive
force any one person to read, publish, or circulate anything?
Again they say: "Just because
we labor with our hands," that is
no reason we should let the vampires and labor fakirs put it all
over us," etc, I guess not. But, I
believe there are workers doing
alao brain work and producing
mental food to humanity; while
there are others, whu exercise excessive "hand labor" of which polluted posterity Is the consequences.
They conclude: "If we do not
act soon, the handwriting will be
en the wall for us, etc." Don't
they know it? And yet, we could
not help them as we do not possess
the necessary ability' needed, lu
downing on all fours, or Jumping
up on Its hlndB.
P.  O.   ANDERSON.
AU Men to Bo Hired Tlirough Uie
Luggers Union, and Demands
Answered Jn Writing
Improvements in sanitary conditions of camp.
A gas launch to be kept at camp
in case of sicknesses or emergency.
Sleeping quarters for the cook
at Beach camp.
That all men be reinstated before
the camp starts operating again.
That the men In this camp walk
one way to work on tho company's
time.
The camps of the Capilano Timber Co. arc on the unfnir list, because of discrimination against
some union members and alBo because of the management would
not supply the cook with sufficient
supplies.
The camps of the Masset Timber
Co., Queen Charlotte Islands, are
also on the unfair list for improvement of general camp conditions.
Kenny Bros., the Royal Lumber
Co., (Hanson's); Kiennza Co., all
of Usk, G. T. P. Railway, are shut
up tight as an answer to the company's announcement of a 9-hour
day in the mills from Mny 1st.
Woods and mills tied up. Kitselas
mill Is not oporating, but thc men
In the woods are working eight
hours.
Evidently the powers thnt be are
getting busy again In the east. Last
week Fellow Worker Monaldl, district executive member for Sudbury
was arrested at Creighton, charged
'with having banned literature, seditious utterances and vagrancy. He
was remanded until May 4, bail being set at $3000. lt would seem
that in the East they nre still crude
in their methods, lu the West,
we do not use such harsh methods
as to put a man In Jail when he
says something thnt is opposed to
the Interests of tho ruling class.
We use a more scientific method,
as for instance wa have Institutions
such as the Loggers Agency, where
we cnn blacklist the offending person and starve him until he becomes reasonable.
General Items
General Eiecutive It. W. I. V.
"WhereaB, then are sufficient
reason, (or to believe that the referendum ballot of thin Port Arthur district hu not been counted
fairly, and
"Whereu, the B. B. of thl. ill*
trtct hu used machine tactic. In
carrying out the referendum, and
"Whereu, our buslneas meetings
have refused to recount the aforesaid ballot.
"Be It resolved, that we, the undersigned members of the L. W. I.
U. requested the O. E. B. to recount
the aforesaid ballot and publish
results In our press."
(Signed by 80 members.)
P. O. ANDERSON.
Accidentally Killed
Arthur Sutherland, who wu employed u hook tender at the Alberni Pacific Lumber - Company
camp, was accidentally killed on
April 20th.
Oeorge Addison met with an ac-.
cldent at the.Robert Dollar camp,
Union Bay, on April 1, breaking
his leg, and will be In St. Joseph's
fiospital, Comox, for some time.
NOTICE
Any one knowing the present address of P. J. Hannlgan is asked to
send the Information to C. A.
Stewart, do Bendlckson's camp,
Hardwick Island,
FORT ARTHUR DISTRICT
John J. Holweg ls asked to communicate with P. O. A. Utenbo-
gaard, Bowsman River, Man.
Fellow-worker W. Racheleau,
K. R. 2, ex-service man, wu
drowned on the 26th in the South
Thompson River.     '
NOTICE
Any one knowing the addresses
of the following members ure uked to send the information to Vancouver headquarters: J. Hill, C.
L. Miller, Wm. Ferguson, O. Pearson, J. Hupls.
NOTICE
Fellow Worker A. B. Burne, No.
17066, B681, of the h. A C. W.
Unit, wu accidentally killed on the
railway about IM miles west ot
Smlthers, B. C„ on April 15th. Deceased wu a returned man, having been discharged ln England,
also a veteran of South Africa. He
wu 38 years of age, and a civil
engineer by profession. The funeral took place on Sunday, April
18th, at Smlthers, the arrangements
beinij conducted by the G. W. V. A.
and the O. B. U.
Cout District Referendum Returns
Total votes cast, 21,794; ballots,
1282; spoiled, 11.
Total vote eaBt In camp for or
against each question: Question 1,
for, 1089; against, 84; question 2,
for 142S; against, 83; question 3,
for 1299; against, 139; question 4,
for, 1303; against, 130; question 5,
for, 1330; against, ISS; question 6,
for, 1449; against, 72; question 7,
for, 1S40; against, 46; question 8,
for 1301; against, 270; question 9,
for, 1021; against, ISS.
Total vote cast in camp for each
candidate: For J. M, Clarke, 989;
W. A. Alexander, 1087: J. Grace,
1169; M. Oeorge, 1087: H. Huland,
746; C. Thompson, 1023; W. H.
Watson, 915.
Months favored for- Coast District Convention: January, 134;
February, 10; March, 2; April 6;
May, 26; June. 659; July 787;
August, 87; September, 29; October,
7; Novembor, 49: December, 99.
Port Arthur Defense Contribution*
A. Tallgrcn, per list No. 2, fl; H.
Anllo, No. 3, I13.B0; David Looml,
No. 9, 15; Joseph Mannllla No. 10,
.10; Kolle Wttssanen No. 12,
118.25; Matt Kantola, No. 13, Ji;
Vomer Kivlpclto. No. 21, J19; John
Salno, No. 22, J17.35; A. Makl, No.
26, J23.65; L, W. I. I*, offlce lift
No. 20, J14.25; Minto House. No.
38, J15.50; wm. Brown, No. 50, J7;
John Kayohi, No. 57, J28; H. Berg-
Btrom, No. B8, J5; H. Morroll, No.
59, J10; A. Kapanon, No. 72, JS;
Herman Matson, No. 77, J9; O.
Farrs, No. 83, JI0.75; by social at
KiVlkkOBkl, * Hi.fi ii ; Dorlon, J.1S;
O. W. Horpcrt, No. 5, |12.
Collection by Jack Manuila nt
Nipigon to locked-out mlnef. .of
Alberta, J80.20.
  I
Defense Fund
Kamloops district L. W. I, U. ot
the O. B. U., per J. L. Peterson,
121.
Lumberworkers
MAINTAIN THE UNION STANDARD
EIGHT-HOUR DAY
$6 Camps M%eum Mills $5
SANITARY CONDITIONS
Enforce the Laws! TAGE FOUR
TWEl/FTH TEAR.    NO. 19
rum JJK1T1SH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tahcouveb, a a
FRIDAY May 7,  1920
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
. Federationist, Limited
A. a  WELLS...
..Manager
Dffice:
Labor Temple,  405 Dunsmuir
Tolephono Seymour 5871
Street.
Bubscribtion Bates: United States Bnd Foreign,
#2.50 per year; Canada, $2.00 per year; to
j Unions subscribing in a body, tl.50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor: Tbe Hope of tba World
FRIDAY....,: May 7,  1920
MUST END
II TO
MEND IT.
IN A SPEECH, delivered at Cleveland,
in support of thc reward your friendi
and slap your enemy policy of the A. P.
of li., Sam Gompers wont into the history
of that organization and painted out what
he considered were benefits that had been secured
for tlie workers during the
time that the organization
had been in existence! Incidentally, he pointed out that the policy
was not a new one. Those acquainted with
the history of the A. F. of h. will realize
. that if it had have been something new,
and in lino with progress, Sam would not
have been supporting it, but would have
been attempting to defeat it. Amongst
other things that Sam pointed ont had
been secured for labor by the A. F. of L.
was the establishment of a department of
• labor in the United States, with a union
miner as secretary at its head. Now, Canada has had some little experience as to
the activities of a "labor man" at the
head of a department of labor, and judging from recent comments of labor men
throughout this country, they" are not at
all satisfied with the conduct of that department under a labor man's guidance.
*■*_.*>
The workers of the United States have
not been any more fortunate than have
the workers of Canada in the operation of
a department of labor by a union man,
• judging from recent experiences. It will
be remembered that Secretary Wilson of
the U. S. department of labor, has been
responsible for the wholesale deportation
of radicals from that land of the free and
home of the slave to the south of us. Sickness, however, overtook this one-time labor man, and'the operation of the department of labor came under the direction
of Louis F. Post, under secretary. Immediately this happened a change took place,
he released Soviet Russia's representative
Martens without -bail and decreased the
bonds of other aliens who were being held
wftder Secretary Wilson's edicts, and as
a result, the big interests are seeking the
impeachment of Post, Evidently from the
experiences of both Canadian and American workers, the edicts of the ruling class
ean be most efficiently earned out by "labor men" who are placed'at the head of
departments of labor, not by the workers,
bnt by the ruling class.
•    ■■•.■»■
Turning to later activities of the A. F.
of JJ., Sam once again trotted out that
monstrous conception of a fossilized imagination, the Clayton Law which, with
much verbage and piffle, claims that once
for all the status of labor has been proclaimed by stating that labor power is
not a commodity. And Sam takes much
credit to himself and the organization
which he represents for this marvelous
piece of legislation, which has just as
much effect as it would if it decreed that
black was white, or the earth was not
round. It was enacted to prevent injunctions against labor organizations under
the Sherman Anti-Trust Law, which Gompers himself has stated, was not intended
to be applied to the labor organizations,
and that assurances were given to that
effect, but later these assurances were not
lived up to, and so the Clayton law was
enacted to' remedy this, and while Sam
may take unction to himself, the courts
of the United States have continued to
issue injunctions against the workers
■ withdrawing their commodity, labor power, and the latest instance of this, being
the injunction against tlie miners and the
arrest of their leaders.
w ■ >      . *
All of Sam's windy orations, all the
laws that have bcen passed, or may be
passed, will not remove the commodity
nature of labor power. They will not remove the slavery of thc workers, and it
will only be by the elimination of the
capitalistic system that the workers will
be freed from the edicts of the master
class, whether they bo carried out by "labor men" who are at tho heads of the departments of labor, or by any other governmental body. Not a single remedial
measure will lie enacted by any capitalistic government unless it can be shown
that it will not adversely affect the interests of the ruling class. All the workmen's compensation laws, child labor
laws, or any other legislation affecting the
lives of the workers, have without question, assisted the ruling class in the exploitation of the workers, or at least removed some of the effects of that exploitation, which to some extent hurt the susceptibilities of the ruling class, by removing the wreckage from tlieir view, or freeing them from the necessity of paying for
. chartable organizations to attempt to
wipe up the mess that capitalistic exploitation had left behind. The policy of thc
A. F. oi L. with regard to political action
is as obsolete as is thc organization itself.
It will get the workers nowhere, and cannot assist in any single instance in re-
■ moving the evils from which modern society suffers. Ample evidence of this can
bo found n the position that, tbe workers
in the United States or any other, country
occupy, in spite of all thc remedial legislation ever passed. Instead of the position
of the creators of wealth being any better,-
it is worse, and must continue to get worse
ab the present system develops. Patching
up the sjstem that exploits the world's
\n.ee slaves, and cleaning up tbe mess of
capitalists 4i none o'i the worker's busi
ness. And if it were, Sam's remedy would
not accomplish it. The question today for
the workers is not to mend it, but to end
it, aud that cannot be done as long as
the workers are compelled to sell their
only commodity labor power, in order to
live. Until capitalism is abolished, we
shall have the Robertsons and the Wilsons at the head of governmental departments, which are created by the ruling
class in order that the exploitation of the
workers can bc carried on as expeditiously
as possible. We shall have the nostrums
of the Gompers and that type of lahor
misleaders, and when the workers realize
that the only thing they have to do is to
end the present system, and by so doing
remove the curse of human slavery from
the world, and which is the only cause
of their miseries, they will remove the
need for government as We know it today,
and along with it renegade labor man,
and reactionary labor organization officials. They will be no longer,of use as
the master class will not exist, and it is
only that class that they serve today. The
function of thc workers is to usher in the
new order, and until that is accomplished,
they must bear an ever-increasing load of
misery and .degradation, and all the nostrums and quack remedies of labor mis-
leaders will not abolish human slavery.
Clayton Laws or industrial disputes in-
vestigations-acts, and other so-called labor
laws, cannot accomplish that; this must
be the work of an educated, active working class, which has *id itself of the barnacles that now encumber the organizations of those that produce the world's
wealth. To mend it they must end it.
result in the bakers coming to a realization that craft organizations are useless,
and separate the workers, and that Onc
Big Union would have been of some assistance to .them -in their efforts to retain
their standard of living.
The steel industry is now the centre
of attraction for big business in this
country. AVar is the greatest asset to thig
line of activity. What do they want an
Empire steel industry for, if the war
whieh was fought to end war was successful.
Bob Smillie has stated very recently
that the workers in thcir continual chase
after wages, resemble a dog chasing its
tail. Bob evidently realizes that so long
as thc wage system lasts, that the efforts
of the workers to improve their conditions
will be just as effective as the efforts of
the dog.
MAKES PLEA FOR DEFENSE
(Continued trom pace 1)
SOMJ3
of   h
MEN become famous because
having accomplished something
worth while. Others become famous for
tlteir wrongdoings. We are inclined to believe that another man has been added to
the list of those who have
GENERAL become famous for having
McLEANAND accomplished something,
SERVANTS in thc person of Brig.-
• * Gen. McLean. Early in
the week this military genius was credited
in the press with stating that by increasing the pensions of thc widows of the men
who died fighting for democracy they
would be encouraged in idleness, the press
reporting him as having said: "Women
would be encouraged in idleness. The
average wife of a private, said General
McLean, was of the servant class beforo
marriage." The Vancouver Veterans took
exception to this statement and took the
position that the inference made by Gen-,
eral McLean to the effect that thc privates' wives were of the servant class was
an insult.
* * *
We presume that what the gallant general meant was that the wives of the private soldiers were of the working class.
No doubt this is largely true. In some
cases the officers and their wives also came
from the working class. Unlike the veterans we cannot see any stigma being attached to a person' because ho or she
sprang from the only useful class in society. It is rather a mark of honor to
belong to the producing class in these
days, when the working class is slowly'
but surely taking its place in the sun and
bringing about a change in society which
will make wars for "democracy" impossible. ' Protests were sent to Ottawa
against thc general's inferences as to the
servant class and the gallant general then
made an attempt lo side-step by making
tho following statement:
I waB trying to point out that as
many of the young women who had
married soldiers cither beforc or after
enlisting, and were childless, were
used to working; they should be encouraged to continue working, and
that their pensions should be less than
for the widow with children. My
sympathy goes out first to disabled
soldiers, orphans widows with families to support, and widowed mothers
who have lost thcir only, support.
, * * *        ,
General McLean may be a military
genius, but he is a poor hand at covering
up his class views. It certainly would be
too bad for those that have sprung from
the working class, and who gave up their
husbands for democracy's sake, to be encouraged in idleness, that is the perojua-
tivo' of the useless class in society, and
which so materially profited by the war.
And while those who have been used to
working are to be encouraged in again
returning to toil for this useless class, it
would never do for those who have not
been used to working to attempt to do
so; it would hurt them most greviously.
Not only would it hurt their bodies, but
think of their pride. General McLean has
done a service that is incalculable, lie has
demonstrated that even amongst those
who made the world safe for democracy,
class distinctions exist, and that his conception at least of the question is to see
that those who have bcen used to working
are encouraged by low pensions to continue in the path of virtue, for in ruling
class eyes it in a virtue for the workers to
work, and for the idlers to idle, and to
that extent at least he has demonstrated
the class nature of society and the government which represents those who own
the country for whieh the privates fought
for. There is no doubt that in time, the
returned men and the dependents of those
who died on Flanders' fields, will get Vise
to tho situation"; that is, if thc government
does not muzzle the military experts. General McLean should bc thanked for having
so very plainly expressed the class views
of tho claas that he no doubt represents.
At a meeting held in tho Hotel Van
couver last Friday night the Hon. John
Oliver and Mrs. Ralph Smith were the
speakers. Mrs. Smith, in referring to the
premier, made'some very flattering remarks, amongst whieh were the following:
"Holiest John is a wonderful man. He has
given liis whole life to his eountry, and
holds the highest position in thc gift of
that eountry." This, evidently, is inline
with the premier's opinion of himself, for
in hs speech he pad a tribute to the sagacity of Mrs. Sniith. Premier Oliver, in
opening his address, suid, "That Mrs.
Smith had demonstrated that women need
not take seeond place, iii their grasp of
publie. affffairs." Mrs. Smith, evidently,
has thc ability to blarney Honest John.
The premier evidently likes this kind of
thing, and appreciates Mrs. Smith's grasp
of his great abilities.
The British railway men arc adopting
a'' Work to Rule'' policy. In other words
they are working iu accord with the rules
drawn up by the railway companies, aud
which are supposed to have been laid
down for the safety of thc travelling public, and the workers. That these rules
are only camouflage, and not intended to
be used if they interfere with profits, is
evidenced by the kicks against thc workers working to rule. The public be
damned policy is evidently not confined to
the workers, as it is so often charged.
Profits ure the main thing in business,' as
the B. C. Electric Railway in an ad. injthe
local press, states that no business eambe
run without them. Evidently thc rules
laid down by railways for public snfjjty,
are not to be allowed to interfere with
profits, and even "labor leaders" like
Thomas of the Railway Workers, supffOrt
the public bc damned policy, when ihey
advocate that the men should not put {his
policy of "work to rule" in force. ■  ,,.
The Cape Breton Miners laid oft* work
on May Day. It has been estimated flifijt
this lay off reduced the production, of
coid to the extent of ten thousand tons,
In other words, if the miners had worked
on May Day, they would have produced
ten thousand tons of eoal. It has been
estimated that the miners lost between
$25,000 to $30,000 in wages. From these
estimates wc gather that thc miners get
from $2.50 to _3 per ton for coal mined,
yet the price of the lowest priced coal in
that section of the country is $10.69 per
ton. The difference between the wages
paid the miners and the price paid by the
consumer is covered by overhead charges,
etc., which will lfot amount to half of the
difference between wages paid and thc
price. Thc balance is profit, or, in other
words, unpaid labor. For coal is sold at
its value, just as thc labor power that produced it is, the, consumer not being
robbed, but the miner is-exploited, and
theu some people still wonder why the
workers are seeking to bring about a
change in society.
As an example of working class "solid
ivory" the local bakers strike is the best
we have seen for a long time. The members of three distinct International, organizations, or craft unions work in or
around the bakery industry, namely, the
bakers, the steam engineers and the bakery salesmen, wiio do thc delivering of the
bread. The steam engineers have been
working and so have the bakery salesmen,
and by so doing aiding the employers to
defeat the bakwa. Possibly the strike may
During the present month the International Typographical Uuion will elect its
general officers. A number of progressive
members of this organization arc candidates for positions and arc evidently giving those now in office sonic little worry.
To combat the campaign of the progressive clement of the organization a circular has bcen issued. As a piece of dirty
election'literature it stands supreme, and
while it is full of inuehdo and abuse, it
does not give a single reuson why the old
regime should be upheld. There are many
Canadians in this organization  and no
doubt thc following, clipped from the circular in question, and which appeared in
heavy black-faced type, will be of considerable interest to these members:
This is America.  Tlie International
Typographical   Union  is  Amorican
from its very foundation. Its ideals
are American. Its membership is,9S
per cent. American. It is a craft un«
ion, and it will continue to be eon-
ducted as an American craft unioni
regardless of threats of secession, and
regardless of the plots of all the radical Socialists, Industrialists, Bolshevists, Communists this side of Gehejn-
na.  Its power, its influence rod its
surplus funds, amounting to mors
than $i,500,000, will not be suireshcU
ered to its enemies. The answer is tji.^
answer shouted back  to  the  commander of the Lost Legion in the
Argonne Forest.
Wc can well believe that the above was
written by an American, and a pure one
at that. The eagle scream is loud enough
to be heard and the chairman of the administration campaign committee, who
signed the circular has an "American"
name—it is Charles Hertcnsteln. It will
not bc hard for our readers to picture this
individual in their minds and no doubt
the "stein" will not be shut out of the
picture. No doubt the 1 per cent, that are
not really and truly American, and who
reside in Canada, will hear the American
per capita tax eagle's call and respond
by re-electing such men as Frank Morrison, the personification of reaction, to the
official positions tbat they have "held"
with sueh "susses*" for so many years.
ers take the cake," As a child
would take a* set of toy bricks and
make them spell either "good" or
'bad," so the lawyers would take a
B.t of facts and make them spell
'excellent" or "rotten" as required,
The idoa was apparently, to gather
In fragments of all sorts from meetings, literature, etc.,"then "throw
it all Into the jack-pot and shake
it up—and we'll have a conspiracy."   (Laughter.)
Labor Growing Vp
i As to collective bargaining, he
said: "In the natural- order of
things we are going to got that,
Labor Is growing up, and will say
it wants a voice in the managemebt
of Industry and a share of the
proflts. We may have lost a battle
In Winnipeg; but I believe in the
long run we are going to win the
war." ■ (Applause.)
On April 2, 1919—mark the
date!—Senator Robertson had rejected a suggestion for "throwing
Into prison those peoplo said to bo
agitators," and had said: "If wo
want to bring Bolshevism, that fs
Lhe way to do it"
On Juno 18, 1919, It appeared
that the aame Senator Robertson
ordered tho arrest of the strike
leaders and others, as Harden said
thore was to be no such proceedings
except under the authority of the
minister of, labor.
The spoakor suggested that probably Robertson was expressing his
own opinion on April 'I, and somebody else's opinion on June 18.
Immigration Act
By the Immigration Act amendment, all those who had the audacity to bo -born in the British
Isles wore robbed of their right to
trial by Jury, unless naturalized In
Canada. This passed both houses
in 40 minutes, on Juno C, 1919; it
was said to be deemed necessary to
deal with the Winnipeg strike. It
applied to' seven out of the eight
comrades at Winnipeg; and they
wore only allowed Jury trial by permission instead of by right.
When you got arrested you loarn
some things you do not learn otherwise," Comrado Dixon remnrkod. It
was thus that lie learnt of the repeals, on July 7, 1919, of'that part
of tho criminal code which precluded prosecution where criticism
was made ln good faith ahd with
honest intention; nt tho same time
tho penalty for seditious conspiracy was Increased from two years to
twenty. "Men guilty of that kind
of thing arc on n. par with those
who would remove tho life-belts
from a ship, or a fire escape from
a building, and not toll people anything about it," he declared.
Tho Censorship
The censorship, which the press
said was abolished, was really
transferred to the criminal code on
the samo date. It now stood
that any person Importing a book
advocating force, even thopgh *he'
had never seen the book, was liable
to be sent to Jail for "not moro
than 20 years."    (Laughter.)
Again, a person attending meet
ings of an unlawful association is
to be "presumed" to be a mem-
ber of such association, in nbsenco
of proof to the contrary, nnd liable
to Imprisonment for 20 years.
Such legislation was right in line
with the viow of those who set
property rights- higher than human rights. As further instances,!
a person knowingly nnd indlsput-'
ably communicating venereal dis-1
ease could bo linod not more than
six months: a person stealing an|
auto must go to prison for one or'
two years without thc option of a
fine.
Repression ot Freo Speech
Repression of free speech had
been tried ln England a hundred
years ago, but it didn't work; and
all repressive measures were abandoned In 1831. Such laws should
also be repealed here.
The majority of the people; however, did not realize that their liberty lay bound up with that of the
men In jail: whatever kind of government they had—Liberal, Conservative, Union, Socialist, Labor,
Bolshevist—they would not get a
proper administration unless the
mnjority took an Interest In their
own business. "The mnjority of tho
peoplo in any country cun get what
they want, when they know what
they want."
'fhe additional speakekrs at Sunday night's meetings were Comrades C. Lestor and T. Richardson,
who curiously enough expressed
themselveB from diametrically opposite viewpoints. At the Royal,
Comrade Richardson ridiculed the
idea that the revolution was already here. "That revolution's not
going to come, in the best sense
of the term, until you put yourselves tn the right personal relation to the idea." (Applause.) He
suggested that there was" more titan
a danger pf professed Socialists being mere parrots or gramophones,
giving mere lip-service with sych
expressions as the "master class,"
the "dictatorship of the proletariat," etc., while betraying the Ideal.
In particular, he found fault with
an article in the Federationist with
regard to the I. L. P. convention
ln England, and especially with reference to nien liko Ramsay MeDon-
ald as "bourgeois." A member of
tlio audience in turn took issuo
with him, in a courteous way, and
suggestod that the I. L. P. had
fallen away somewhat since Comrade Richardson know it
Comrade , Lestor meanwhile, at
the Empress, wos laying it down
that the revolution was possible in
1014, had knowlcdgo kept pace
with economic development. It
failed thrdugh ignorance; flien eco
nomlc necessity had made itself still moro strongly felt in tho
Inflation of currency, increase in
prices, struggle for more wages,
further influtlou of currency and
bo on ad lib. Hence an economic
crisis, of which a complote transformation wus the only solution.
The co-operative commonwealth
was a necessity, if human life was
to remain on the planet.
DENTAL PLATES
Skilled attention, high-gradt
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department.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Ueatal Miira* la Attendant*.
Open Rvealnca, TiM tm 8t|0.
Granville Street
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Orer Owl Draff Stor*
Phoae Sermonr 83SS
Canadian Clothes
for Canadian Lads
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The play Itself Is the brightest
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are essentially human and the lines
fairly sparUle—the obviously expensive and bizarre gojvns that will
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during tho progress of the piece will
make even the male portion of the
audience gnsp in admiration.
Havre, France—That the French
workers refuse to be parties to the
Chauvinism of the r\iting classes
of France, was demonstrated at a
recent meeting of the harbor workers of this port. The proposal was
advanced that the dock and transport workers should pledge themselves for a period of six moaths
to refuse to load any French vessels bound for Germany. The pro-
posal was snowed under by a vote
of four lonely votos in favor, as
compared with several thousand
against.
Patronize Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
H. M. Nugent & Co.
SAILS      ,
Tents and Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Pants
and extra clothing, Longshoremen's Hooks, etc.- Estimates
given on all canvas work.
48   WATER   STREET
Vancouver, E. C.
Phone Sey. 4541
Union Laundry
The EXCELSIOR LAUNDRY
Is the only Union Lnundry In tko
city. Tbo BETTEB 'OLE OIOAB
STAND, 815 Main Si-, ar* areata
tor thli laundry.
Lear*    yoar    Uundry    Monday
morning and get it Friday.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
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Two Stores: ~"r
Society Brand
Clothes
Sogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J, W. Foster
United
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg Locnl No. 3
MANITOBA PROVINCIAL ELECTION, 1920
CANDIDATES
R. B. Russell       W.. A. Pritchard       R. J. Johns
George Armstrong
Campaign funds are needed. Collection cards can ba secured
from, and donations made to Alex. Shepherd, P. O. Box HM,
Winnipeg, Man,
. AT J. N. HARVEY'S CLOTHING STOKES.
STERLING VALUE
NEW SUITS FOR MEN
$42.50
SEE OUR WINDOWS
Represented in this remarkaltble assortment are many
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TWO   UNION   STOKES   FOR   MEN
J. N. Harvey
Limited
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West
Also 614-C1S Tates Street, Victoria
Spring'is here, and with lt the
desire to spruce up.
Our display of 20th Century
Brand Clothing for young men li
the talk of the city,     . .„,, ,.	
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LIMITED
309 Hastings St. W.
EAT AT.THE
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Opposite the Orpheum
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rjBST OF EVERYTHING
WOOirOBATID 1161
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Assets over ...* 1100,000,000
Deposits . .;    79,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savinga Account miy to
opened it Tbt Btnk ul Tomato
ii th* name of two or mtm
pwtoM. Ib th*** account* *ith*r
P*rt7 may sign cheques or dsposU
money. For tto different raemb*M
of « tsially or * firm * Joint teoosat
ll often * groat convenient*. IaWrMt
ta paid ob balance*.
Vancouver Braneh:
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Branohei at:
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ORPHEUM
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1190 Oeorgia stnet
Sood.r services, 11 ..ns. ud 7.90 pm.
Sunday school Immediately fallowing
morning sorvico. Wed'ne.d.y testimonial
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fbimiebs.   publishes*,   tta.
beottpebs .abb booksibdbbs
U.l.a OAclsls, writ, for prices, tta
give SATISFACTION
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Other Big Features
Blng op Phona Seymour ISM loi
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DENTIST
■lite SOI Dominion Building
VANOOCVBB, B. a
DO TOP WAKT TO EHJOT UT3
Follow Ih. Crowd ta the
Patricia Cabaret
Oa. blook east of Empress Tko.tr.
—ANO  BEAK-
MISS IHLIE BOSE. ABA '
SMITH, B. I.0VE tad th. EEL
Interpret th. latest song hit., u-
slstsd hy Th. Brian Jai. Bead
411 HASTINOS STBEET B,
Music, 9 p.m. t. 1
MAKE YOUR
TELEPHONE SERVIOE
MORE EFFECTIVE
Anyoa* will acknowledge (hat prompt*
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courtesy shown , the culler. Prompt*
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Limited
VANCOUVER, B. O. •i
FRIDAY May 7,  1920
TWELFTH'TEAR.    NO. 1»
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA PEDEKATIONIST    vanoodvbb, b. ft
PAGEJPTVB
wesairooirsf^
SOME OF OUR
Grocery
For one week commencing
Friday, May 7th
Lipton's Jelly Powders, all flavors, pkt— 9c
Sunlight Soap, 4 bars in carton, at 27c
Clarke's tomato Sauce, bottle __.- .....15c
Pacific Milk, large tins .J.    lie
Nabob Pure Orange Marmalade, large
tins    _82c
B. & K. Pastry Flour, 10-lb. sacks for. 72c
Grated Pineapple, 2-lb. tins..... 30c
Blue Ribbon Tea, per lb. '. 58c
"Get It at Woodwards"
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Labor Celebration of,    >
May Day aX Mahon Park'
Was Unqualified Success
(Continued from pag. 1)
AT LAST!
THE TRUTH—THE WHOLE TRUTH—AND NOTHING BUT
THE TRUTH
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and June, 1919
Giving the true (acts and all the details. A book that should
be In every home. Over 300 pages of the moat interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4, 320 Bannatyne Avenue.
DO IT NOW
Procrastination does not pay, there is danger ln delay, the best
time Is today.  DO IT NOW.
Prices:   Bundle orders, $40 per 100 copies, $22 per 50 copies,
$11 per 25 copies, single copies 00c each.   All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
i m^**************^^^****^^^^^^^*1^^^*****^**^.^^^^**.
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. 17. and all progressive
Labor policies.
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Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,'
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C, W. FBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor tot B. O.
It waa wtth the opening up ot
relations wtth America and India
that the speeding up of the slaves
had begun. The workers fought
to retain their May Day festival;
the parsons preached against It-
one of them so forcibly, that the
congregation sawed up the May-
pole. Thenceforward they told the
people that their lot tn life was one
of suffering; theonly way to enjoy
eternal Ufe was to go around looking miserable and never smile at
all.
Greatest ln Russia
Coming to the revival of the ancient holiday in this 20th century,
the speaker said the greatest celebration of all would be .held In
Russia, whence would go forth,a
message of inspiration to the world
If the comrades now suffering Imprisonment In Manitoba knew of
the vast crowd here to discuss
why they had been sent ta Jail,
they would be happy too, \ In addition to the Inspiration of the post
the workers today had the hopa
of the future; they knew that their
•victory was inevitable, and they
would remember the Biblical precept: "With what measure ye mete,
lt shall be measured to you' again."
The reactionaries were "all on
the bum, anyway." Their political
economists said they must Increase
production to restore the value of
the currency, and must restore the
value of the currency to Increase
production." The game Is played
out; before long, the whqle blamed
thing will come to a show-down.
All they have is bits of paper—title
deeds to wealth that has yet to be
created—and you'll never create It!
As the coekney said: "It ain't a system; It's a bloody mess." A completo transformation was going to
take place Immediately, because,
under this system the human race
could not longer live.
Pettlpleoe Speaks
Comrade Pettipiece said the Socialist Party of Canada had held a
May Day festival at Central Park
thirteen yeara ago, but aU they had
to say then was just the "dream
on." Now, however, they had the
inspiration of "the thing that's
here." It was now recognized the
thing had to be done; they had
simply got to get down to th* question of how to do it
Making It Simpler
A great many factors were making tt a very simple matter now
to talk to the next fellow. As to
the great change In Russia, they
must believe very little they read
in the daily press; they must keep
themselves posted through thetr
own channels, and understand
their relationship to the movement
all over the world.
» The One Big Union of all the
political rascals In Canada had
been educating the workers here in
the last two years, by their secret
service, N. W. M. P., etc. This government had been the first to participate directly ln the smashing of a
great strike; the bunch In the
United States had had to emulate
them. "If you think we haven't
got the most finished bunch of
rogues In Canada, you've got another guess coming. They're going te use the powers of the state
to smash any movement of the
working class."
This being a holiday, the speaker
invited his hearers to "think of the
holidays given by the boss when he
didn't need you, and the holidays
that you are likely to get ln the
future." He also assured them
that if they didn't recognise that
they belonged to the working class,
"the Federal government and all
the powers that they have at their
command are going to educate yeu
in the very near future."
Too Busy to Celebrate.
Tn Japan, the befit mechanics
were being employed to install machinery; the Soviet was doing the
same thing In Russia, where
they are so blamed busy that they
didn't stop to celebrate." Thoy
were not only bulding a great military army to defend themselves,
but also one of the greatest industrial armies ever known. "They
will have everything for everybody
that wants it; and what chance will
outfclde capitalists . have ? You'll
soon be having all the holidays you
want; you'll havo to walk the
streets," They must get to understand so as to make suro what to
do collectively when the time came.
Pleads for Families
The 'speaker thought the men in
jail were "doing more good for ua
today then if the,y were free. The
workers must see that their wives
and famine* were not tn want.
"We're not through with this proposition yet," he warned; "they're
only getting ready. They're not
getting North West Mountod Police all over Canada for sport."
Whatever might have been said to
the credit of thia force tn earlier
days, their function now waa plainly such that "there Isn't a woman
of our class but what should be
ashamed to be aeen speaking to
one of them."
Now that the ruling class were ao
brazenly and brutally using Labor
officials* for their own ends, aa In
the Railway Brotherhoods of the
United States, the workers must
push such officials out of the way,
"Those on the job are the best fitted to know what's to be done."
Probably before next May Day, a
decision might have to be made.
DUon Hits Out
Comrade F. J. Dixon declared
that the comrades at Winnlp.eg
wefe in Jail because the majority
of the people of Canada did not
eare whether they were In Jail or
not. As showing the goneral Indifference to vital things, he mentioned that for one book on economics taken out at tho library at
Winnipeg, thore wero 100 copies
of the latest novel, the Interest of
which was "to .see which of those
two men got her." (Laughter.)
The greatest thing a man could do
for his country at this time was to
"get down and study; yet something to blto and the picture show
was about all they cared about
He thought they must be degenerate song of belter sires.
Free Expression Essential
Free expression of opinion was
an essential condition; the government at Ottawa were not in favor
of that. It was related that when
somebody expressed the view that
Lincoln was a fool, Lincoln said:
"I'd better go and see him;  he's
generally right!" That wae the
way great men received criticism;
the men at Ottawa were not great.
As showing how broad the laws of
sedition were, the speaker read
Woodswerth's indictment for quoting two passages from Isaiah.
"That's all there is hi the charge,"
he said. "Who ia safe?" A recent address of Wbodsworth's at
the University at Saskatoon was
reported tn'a local paper; and an
agent of the Mounted Police called
on the editor and asked if that was
"all" Woodsworth had said! Thc
editor had been moved to protest
that, whatever reason there might
have been for such espionage during the war, there was no need of
it now.
Tlie Big Strike
The Winnipeg strike might almost be said to have started in
January, 1919, when the building
trades asked for an increase; being
refused, they came out on May'l.
Then three big Iron-masters refused te answer a letter from their
employees, who therefore struck
for "collective bargaining." As to
the alleged confusion wtth regard
to the meaning of this term, there
were a lot of people who made a
dust and then complained that they
couldn't see. It had been already
defined hy the government in the
Labor Gazette of August, 1919, aa
the right of employees to deal with
employers through their chosen representatives.
The Starving Babtea
As to starving the babies, most
of the babies were their own. As
a matter of fact, Winnipeg was
never without milk and bread. The
strike committee met the council
to arrange for delivery of these articles, and it didn't Uke long to fix
lt up. The permit cards were given
at the request of the employers of
the men ae engaged. That was
the attempt to establish a '"Soviet"
It waa only when the citizens com'
mittee claimed the credit, that the
strikers pulled out and let them do
the work; and the volunteers, or
"scabs" were not Interfered with,
Mayor Gray admitted on the
stand that the strike committee
would come to see him any time
he sent for them; but the Ironmasters declared themselves in the
hands of the citizens committee,
and had promised them they would
not negotiate.
Turned Bonn
Turned down everywhere by constituted authority, the men sent out
the call throughout Canada for a
sympathetic strike in order to get
a settlement In 1911 the firemen
had atruci.; Senator Robertson had
then said the others had a right to
go out In sympathy, and would not
be restricted.
It waa a wonderfully peaceful
strike while the 200 regular pollce-
ment were left in charge; ao they
were locked out and 2000 others
put ln at higher pay. These made
a mess of lt! when "green mounted
policemen on green horses" went
riding on the sidewalks, etc., they
were driven off the streets. The
crown prosecutor said there were
no policemen on the streets for two
weeks—and no trouble!
Arrested Wrong Man
Theu came the amendments to
the Immigration Act, the midnight
raids and Incarceration at ■ Stony
Mountain. There were amusing
touches to this, aa when the mountain went to the parsonage formerly occupied by Ivens and arrested
the new parson. (Laughter.) They
also arrested a returned soldier,
discharged on account of hla
wounds; finding they eould lay no
charge against him, A. J. Andrews
said he was not in a fit mental
condition to be released, till four
doctors certified he was.
The "silent parade" was not
wanted by the strike men, but the
returned soldiers determined to go
ahead, Fifty mounted police with
"nice looking baseball bats" did not
look good to the crowd, but they
had no difficulty in getting through
several times till a horse stumbled
and the fight began. Then they
got through again, drew their pistols, and charged back into the
crowd; as a consequence two men
died and thirty or forty were
wounded. The police admitted,
"we shot as they ran."
The speaker insisted that It was
a legitimate strike—a peaceful
strike for a lawful object. Ah insurance official said his company
Issued "riot insurance" to the
amount of $30,000,000; when asked
how much they paid out, he said
$100. That was about the proportion between the need for fear and
the fear there was.
Labor Temple Raid
In the prosecution, the main flgure was A. J, Andrews, K. C. The
speaker had seen him as agent for
the committee of 1000 before tha
city council, as agent for the department of Justice at Ottawa, and
aa crown prosecutor. In raiding
the Labor Temple, the mountiea
said they were attended by one
Richards—a lawyer, one Philmore
—a lawyer, one Hosklna—a lawyer, and one Grundy—a lawyer;
apparently of the firm to which belonged the government's attorney,
Pitblado.
For selecting the jury, 26S were
summoned at a cost of about $30,-
000. The local authority, however,
only paid for 100; the Dominion
government paid for 16$. Their
names were not disclosed till 24
hours before the trial; but Andrews
got permission to see the panel
three weeks before. It oould easily be understood what could happen in three weeks, with lots of
money.
The Spy System
For getting evidence, there was
the spy ayatem, supposed to be peculiar to backward nations like
Germany and Russia. Zuneth, the
"Italian," who hadn't heard of
Marcus Aurelius, michael Angolo,
or Mossini, admitted that he lied
whenever it was necessary, and
Judgo Metcalfe told him he liked
him!
Pritchard, Dixon said, was aa
white a man as over walked in
shoe leather. Of the accused In
general tt could be said that their
only crime waa that they tried to
make the world a better place te
live in. They were perfectly Justified in thinking that a sympathetic
strike was legal; Robertson said It
was in 1918, and that it would not
be wise to pass a law making it
illegal, lest the Labor people should
feci themselves wronged thereby.
In arguing about the relationship that used to exist between
master and servant the'speaker
aald, their mlnda were "lingering in
an age that haa passed away." He
hoped Judge Metealfe would live
Ull hla body waa aa ancient aa hla
Wall Street's Mexican Plot
[By Arthur Thomson]
- Recent events go far towards
bearing out the charge made re
cently by Linn Gale, editor of Gal«V
Magazine of Mexico City, that the
latest revolution in Mexico is "made
In the United States." Thc very
fact that the capitalist Intervention
press is largely favoring the revolutionists Is enough to make one
suspect Wall Street of having a finger in the pie. Whether American
•property interests are back of the
revolutionaries directly, In order to
etablih a government suitable to.
Wall Street, or are merely using
them as a means towards Interven
tlon or tn order to secure annexation of Sonora and other parts of
Northern Mexico to the United
States, is from the present evidence
a question one cannot answer.
The fact remains, though, that
American property Interests hope
-to gain something from the revolt,
aa their agents, the capitalistic
press have adopted an attitude
plainly indicating that auch is the
caae.
Favor Revolution.
The Hearst yellow press, the Los
Ang81es Times, the Associated Press
and the interventionist press tn
general are all favoring the revolution. The Associated Press Is
back at its old trick of reporting
the news for propaganda purposes.
It seems to be at present an agency
for distributing propaganda for
Obregon, Calles, Alvardo and other
revolutionists who announced that
they are out to make Mexico free
'—that is, free for plunderers.
It ls an old trick of demagogues
and political tools of the Interests
the world over to pretend to be
greatly interested in the masses,
Juat at the present time we have
good Instances of that ln the preal'
dential campaign ln the. United
States. All the candldatea are
greatly concerned about the dear
■people. Johnson ls trailing around
the country telling the people he Is
their friend, but neglecting to tell
them he Is a believer in the capitalist system. Hoover ia also a friend
of the people, and Is going to bring
down the cost of living (sic.) The
Los Angeles Times, organ of plutocracy, enemy of Labor and peddler
of bunk extraordinary, has been of
late running stories about the way
union tabor is out for Hoover, and
has even reported long speeches
by Its enemies in union labor. Wood,
militarist, la also a friend of the
people. He wants the country to
get rid of the "reds" and he thinks
the government's motto should be
8. O. S.—ship or shoot! He believes in the Iron fist, and he also
-thinks Mexico should be cleaned
up and made safe for WaU Street
And so they go—all friends of the
people until eleotlon is over!
idqas—and he would have a long
time to live,
Xj.i     Labor Behind Defense
As far as Winnipeg was concerned, notwithstanding anything other-
wise reported, Labor was behind
the defence committee. In their
4ast conference, there were 184 International delegates, 219 O. B. U.,
and 197 Independent. The aim was
to get the men out of jail; and the
best way was by stirring up public
opinion. At election time the politicians begged tor votes—"that I
may serve you ln the future ae I
have served you in the past" The
speaker urged: "If they are your
servants, speak to them aa if they
were the servants and you were
the masters." On July 10, 1920,
they were going to take the eight
men in jail, and two who had been
there, aa candidates for the ten
vacant seats in the Legislature.
The poorest of them would be better than the best Grit or Tory that
ever ran.
Following the speaker, the band
struck up with the "Bed Flag," and
those who couldn't sing stood bareheaded just the same. Then Comrade Lestor auctioned four handsome oil-paintings by Comrado
Richard Schiller and hts understudy, Harry Grand, adding $150
to the collection. The lunch baskets were the next objective, and
the evening was spent In dancing
and general jollification, the whole
affair being a pronounced success,
A resolution, moved by Comrade
Pettljiiece, and passed en masse,
between the speeches, reads as foK
lows:
"Whereas, by the conviction of
R. B. Russell at Winnipeg, during
general strike In support of trade
objects, Including the principle of
collective bargaining, and the recognition of trado councils by employers, was held seditious as well
as illegal, and a criminal nuisance,
lawful public meetings addressed
by Labor speakers were held seditious, proceedings connected with
the discussion ot Labor questions
and the formation of an Industrial
organization were held seditious,
and trada journals and Socialistic
literature of the aame kind that
have free and lawful circulation ln
Great Britain were held seditious,
and all of the foregoing acts were
held to be In furtherance of a seditious conspiracy; and whereaa, the
prosecution of said Russell was
conducted by oounsel who had
fought Labor tn aald strike, and
said counsel uaed unjust and oppressive methods In aald prosecution, whereby a miscarriage of justice took place, and whereaa, an
appeal from the courts of appeal
for Manitoba, which affirmed aald
conviction to the Supreme Court of
Canada Is prohibited by the criminal code of Canada, and whereaa,
an application Is about te be made
by> organized Labor of Canada on
behalf of Raid Russell to the Judicial committee of the Privy Council' for leave to appeal from said
conviction; and whereas, by a provision of the said criminal code, an
appeal In a criminal case to the
said Judicial committee Is prohibited; and whereas, there is high
judicial and legal opinion that said
provision Is not constitutional;
and whereas, the matters connected with the trial and conviction of
said Russell are of vital Importance te organized Labor of Canada
as well as to the Canadian public,
and It Is desirable that said matters should be reviewed by the judicial committee: be It therefore re-
solvod, that tha minister of Justice
for Canada, and tho attorney general for Manitoba be respectfully.
requested to aestat in having said
application te the Judicial committee heard en tta merits, by waving
and withdrawing any objection ta
the Jurisdiction of the Judicial committee that oould be raised under
said provision of the criminal code.
Issuee Manifesto.
And so it Is with Mexico, Tha
leaden of the latest revolution are
mueh concerned about the Mexican people, to hear them tell it.
Alvarado, who ia now ln the United
States, acling as representative for
the revolutionists, has issued a
manifesto telling the "progressive"
aims ef Obregon and other revolutionists. If Alvardo, Obregon and
the rest of the "progressives" are
so progressive as they tell us, why
did they appeal to arms to put thetr
progressivism Into effect? An eleetion was to take place in a couple
Of months; why not wait for the
result of that? If they are as enlightened as they would have ua
believe* they must see such a revo
lution aa they brought about ii
merely courting Intervention, or at
leaat playing right into the hands
of Wall Street
Bays Una Yankee Gold
But then they may be the toola
of Wall Street! Linn Gale aaya
Obregon haa "Yankee gold." I
have seen no positive proof of thii,
but we know that Obregon hai
been flirting with American business Interests for aome time. He
gave out an Interview before the
Sonora revolt, which was sent out
from that hot-bed of intervention
ists, San Antonio, Texas, In which
he said that American * interests
would be encouraged and allowed
full freedom In Mexico, tf he were
elected president A number of
other statements by Obregon plainly stamp him as % tool of the buainess Interests, rather than a friend
of the people,
Had Author Shot
Aa for General Calles of Sonera,
who Is a le*ader of the revolt he Is
another who would have ua believe
he ls democracy's, friend. It haa
been said that Calles was a Socialist. He may be one of the John
Spaifco brand, who have bcen busy
for some montha "showing up" the
workera Soviet republic of Russia,
but he ls certainly not a .real So-'
cialist Spargo Is such a ghod
friend of democracy, that capitalist
journals like the Worlds Work, tool
of Wall Street, have eagerly seized
his masses of sophistical bunk and
given them wUle publicity. Some
Socialist! And there are a number
of them in the United States, And
ln Mexico, too, Calles being of such
an order. One of the finest frienda
of humanity was a Mexican Socialist, Gutierrez de Lara, author
of the greatest work on Mexico I
have ever seen, 'The Mexican People; Their Struggle for Freedom,"
and what did General Calles do for
him? Calles had de Lara, a few
years ago, lined up against a wall
in Sonora and shot! The details of
It have not been published, but a
number of us have long since come
to the conclusion that Calles must
be a great friend of the people and
democracy, we don't think!
These are the men who are leading the latest revolution below the
Rio Grande. The revolution, they
toll us, is in the Interest of the
Mexican people; Carranza, they say,
is a tyrant and must go. Now, if
such Is the case, why is the kept
press of America supporting them?
We know that the corrupt capitalist press never supports anything
that Is not in the Interests of proflt What do they care about the
people? Not a continental tlnkefa
damn! And If Obregon and the
rest of those so-called Progressives
really cared anything about' the
Mexican people, they would not
subject them to the horrors of war
by openly courting United Statea
intervention at this time. If they
are not directly in the pay of Wall
Street, they must know that WaU
Street ts itching to make Mexico
an Imperialistic stamping ground
free from all opposition, and that
the Interventionists will gleefully
seize the flrst opportunity to "restore, law and order."
What Intercuts Would Like
Linn Gale thinks that the scheme
is to have Sonora annexed to tho
United States by peaceful methods.
As soon as an -opportune time arrived, or as soon as the revolution
reached a certain stage, Sonora
would "petition" Washington to be
admitted to the Union. Then would
probably follow other parts of Northern Mexico.
This is doubtless what the Interests would like to have brought
about It has been stated by an
Interventionist tool that Northern
Mexico should be either annexed
or else be made a protectorate of
the United States. Henry Lane
Wilson, once .United States ambassador to Mexico, whose name
leaves a nasty taste ln tho mouths
of Mexicans, is the man who wants
Northern Mexico brought under
the protecting wing of American
Imperialism. Tou aee, most of the
valuable American interests are In
Northern Mexico! Sonora has valuable mining propertlee, Chlhualua
has large land concessions, such aa
Hearst's, and the oil properties are
tn the Tamplco district, which In
themselves are worth hundreds of
millions.
But then the Wall Street interests are probably not particular
how tt Is brought about as long aa
they get Mexico under their grasp.
Northern Mexico may satisfy them
for a time, and that may be their
immediate objective. Or they may
want all of Mexico, and may be
working towards that goal through
the present revolution. If they can
have peaceful annexation of any
part or all ef Mexico, or If they
have to go after it with American
guna matters Uttle to them. 'They
dont' risk their hides. The workers are the cannon fodder; they
will be tha ones to cross deserts
and bleed and die so that American
capitalists can be free to plunder
the people and resources of Mexico,
The Mexican people are capable
of solving their own problems, and
can clean out their oppressors and
exploiters, whoever they may be.
All they desire Is that hands be
kept off. The American workors
can keep hands off. Wall Street's
or any other, if they arouse themselves at this time.
Remember, war is war, whethor
It Is fought in Europe or in Mexico.
If the United States Intervenes, It
will mean that American workers
will be called upon to flght In the
Intoreeta of American property interests which exploit the Mexican
workers Jnst as some of them do
American workera. Like In the late
war, there will be pjenty of Ideal-
Ism found to hide the real issue
but underneath It ail wtll stalk the
slimy, brutal form of Imperialistic
capitalism.
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Do not rely blindly on jnst baying uy
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Men's Brown Calf Dress Show,
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BroK.n lot^ot Boy.' 15.50 and UOO Boot., In Uses  Q_A  OA
from 1-SVt. at ♦  **rtoA*A***
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Misses' Whit. Canvas Rubber Sol* Outing Shoot, *|   H
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CHILDREN'S PATBNT SUtPlRS
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Ladles Brown Call
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P. PARIS
51-Hastings West—51
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HOUSE OF GOOD CLOTHES—FURNISHINGS OF QUAUTT
HATS AM) GAPS
PI lone Soymour SS5t
RICKSON'S
APPAREL FOR MEN
820 Granville St. Vancouver, B. C.
Sir John Anderson, chairman ot
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witness before the British parliamentary committee on taxing war
wealth, declared that they oould
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levy of 25 per cent, from those who
were 125.000 richer In 1920 than
they were In 1914. The cost of the
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cost ot raising any part of the existing revenuo of the state. The
money could be easily spared, and
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other kind.
NEW TORK—The postal service
of th. United State, ia facing a
complete break-down, unless con-
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wages of postal clerk, before July
1, according to P. K. Higgins, MV-
enth vice-president of the National
Federation of Post Offlce Clerks,
who is touring tke country for th.
union. The total collapse of th.
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gradually brought about by th. resignations ot large numbers ot trained employees from the service because of insufficient pay, aald Higgins.
The J. H. Sweeder Co.
TAILOES TO MEM
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Mi   HASTINGS   STRUCT    WEST
NEXT DOOR TO DOMINION BUILDING
UNION  SHOP        VANCOUVER, B. C. UPSTAIRS
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consistent and demand th* Talon stamp oa jrour hoota ant
shoei. The following loeal lms are fall to Organised Labor aal
are worthy of yout patronage and eupport:
J. LfckU 0... IM., Z>0 C.mW. Strut.
Ramy Bent Shop, 61 Cordova st w.—Cuitom Making ul a
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n.p.lri.
UNION REPAIR SHOPS
"HolsUy" Sho. Bapalr Oompuy  1047 OrutUK Stntt.
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M. B. Thorns, 250 Klnfswsy.
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Factory organised under "United Garment Worken of Amttca" PAGE SIX
^WORKERS UNION,
UNKD^STAMPl
Named Shoes are frequently nude
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DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
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All Shoes without the UNION STAMP are always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
346 SUMMEB STBEBT, BOSTON, MASS.
COLLIS LOVELY, General PresIUcnt— CHAS. L. BAISE, General Sec-Treai.
^hjth tear, no. ii    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tahcouveb, b. o.
nilDAT May  7,   19.31
"Where Iron Is, Th&re Is the Fatherland"
A Note on the Relation of Privilege and Monopoly to War
By.C. K. STBBIT
The author of this atory et manipulation is a descendant of the Pilgrim Fathers. He was educated at the University of Montana, and
was elected Rhodes scholar, and Is now studying modern history at Oxford University. During the war ho enlisted ln the American
Expeditionary forces, Joining the Engineers, later being transferred to the Intelligence Department, aai wat attached to the peace
commission from December to May. While ln Paris he attended lectures at the Borbonne, and also the sessions of the Chamber of
Deputies. He collected the data on the Briey question during the six months he was In Paris. By profession be Is a Journalist. This
story is being published la book form by B. W. Huebsch, publishers, of New Tork, and the Federationist has been able to secure th.
serial rights for Canada from this firm.
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Pnaldent Jm. Histinis; financial aee-
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General Pershing ls a presidential candidate because he was "over
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Such, then, is the mystery of the
Iron Basin of Briey, but it should
not be considered alone. Coal Is
fully as important to a nation at
war as iron, and if France delayed
to attack tho Lorraine iron basin,
Germany on Uie other hand made
little attempt, it seems, to disturb
the exploitation by the French of
their coal mines in the Basin of
Briey, in the Department of Pas-
de-Calals. In a letter published in
VInformation, the Paris financial
journal, February 16, 1919, credited
to Major de Grandmaison, a con
servative member of the Chamber
of Deputies, the significance of this
coal basin is mndo clear in these
words:
Indeed, our coal mines In that
part of the Pas-de-Calais which
was not Invaded and which
maincd unhurt, produced 20,000
tons of coal a day, Indispensable
to our railways and war industries,
particularly during the active submarine campaign. The Germans on
their side could ask their government; Why were not Briey and
the coal mines bombarded and destroyed? Why, instead of attempting an unfruitful effort against
Verdun in February, 1916, didn't
you make the same effort toward
the coal basin of Pas-de-Culais?
They surely could have pierced our
lines, since at that time the second and third trenches had not
been dug.
"It can be said today that the
activity truly remarkable of our
coa) mines of Pas-de-Calals and the
willingness of oui" miners working
day and night, in proximity to the
enemy lines during the hours the
most critical of the war, have contributed to save France from do-
feat.
"One can conclude that if our
military chiefs and men In power
have committed a few errors in the
conduct of tbe war, our enemies
have committed much greater ones
and that their having respected to
the very end of the war tho unln-
vaded section of our coal mining
district of Pas-de-Calals was not
the least among these errors."
(Italics in original.)
In Cniioots
This same point was brought out
by Francois do Wendel, head of
the Comlttee of Forges, during the
debates in the Chamber of Deputies on February 1st, 1*919, when
he said: "If it was so easy by bombarding the mines of Briey to obtain the results that we hoped for*
one cannot conceive why the Germans, who knew our coal situation
and realized in what di/ficutlies wc
would have been thrown by the destruction of the mines of Pas-de-
Calais, were not 26 or 30 kilometers (IS to 20 miles) from the front
as were those of Briey, but simply
15 or 17 kilometers."
This remark made by the president of the steel combine drew
Tery In L'Oeuvre, February 1,
1919, the following comment: "It
Is, Indeed, inconceivable. What!
the Boches who bombarded Paris
120 kilometers distant could not
reach French Briey which was
only 15 kilometers from their lines?
At the moment that I asked myself that question—nud it was not
the flrst time that it had come to
me—I heard behind me a. colleague
ejaculate, 'By George! They were
in cahoots!' And lt made me
shiver."
Shortly afterward, Le Matin, a
Conservative French daily with a
circulation said to be over a million and a half a day, printed on
its front page February 14, 1919,
a two-column headline which read:
"Why was not Bj-ley bombarded?
Le Matin adds today to the debate of the French high command."
Up to this time Le Matin had
been "playing down" the debate
over Briey. But under this headline It published a long letter, fllling
nearly a column and a half, on thc
front page, signed "General X,"
which throws Illuminating light on
the working of the military mind.
Hore lt Is In part:
Why was not an attempt mado
to destroy the smelters of Briey, or
at least prevent all work In them
by bombarding them continually?
Here again we must look at the
question In its true setting. Despite
all that may be said, war Is a matter of convention. For centuries It
has been a magnificent and terrible
game between professionals. One
fought according to the rules of the
game.
'In this war for the first time
conventions, because It was a war
of nations, hnd beon trod under
foot. . . . But some tacit convention existed nevertheless. In
eome sectors men could at certain
hours attend to their private needs,
wash themselves and go to look
for water without hearing a guni
shot.   ... i
In the same way, the bombardment of tlie staff headquarters
when they were not on an important routo or at a railroad where
troops were concentrated, was
mont often abstained from,
"When Compelgne, after tht 21st i
of March, 1918, received every
night visits from the enemy goUias,
the palace where the grand general
staff wtw Installed did not receive
a bomb. The Germans bombarded
the station, the bridges over the
Olse, the cross roads—they visibly
spared the staff headquartera.
It should be noted that there ls|
in these tacit conventions a point of
shows the most unreasonable enterprises, and wisdom makes | its
voice heard.
"Now, thero was much of this
wisdom In the question of Briey.
The Germans were exploiting the
smelters in range of our aviation,
but we were, exploiting others fully
as important ln range of their
artillery. As far as possible the security of the one bought the security of the others. And as everything 1s relative, there were not, as
matter of fact, many bombs dropped on one side or the other. There
may have been a general order forbidding the bombing of the Briey
smelters. But this order ought to
be Interpreted in this manner: "Let
them alone and let them" leave-us
alone,"
"Do you wish another example.of
this conventional state of spirit
which wtll reign in war as long as
it is carried on by soldiers of career? The armistice will furnish It.
It is now asked, "Why was not the
immediate demobtllatlon of the
German army demanded, since It
was demanded of the Austrian
army? Simply because following
the time-honored rule of military
dignity, any adversary who hns
proved his bravery and tenacity,
has the right to what are called
"the horrors of war,"—that is to
say, to retiro with- his arms and
baggages. Marshal Foch judged
that the German army had merited
this concession, while, tho Austrlans! bad soldiers that they were,
had not merited It. And I tell you
that not a military man has found
Marshal   Foch's   decision   wrong."
The Tnt'it Agreement
Three days later, in nnother letter to Le Matin, replying to Major
de Grandmaison, "General X"
spoko even more plainly of thc
tacit agreemont" between the belligerents for the mutual protection
of staff headquarters, saying: ,
We have even seen that j the
Grand General Staff after the' 21st
of March, when the enemy suddenly came within 20 kilometers bf it,
was at Compiegne, through which
troops and artillery were continually passisng. And so the j Germans, who had never bombarded
Chantilly nor Beauvals, and, who
later did not bombard Provins,
multiplied at this time their bombing expeditions to Compiegne/ But
as Uie palace—the headquarters of
the general staff—was by ltd size
cxerciiicly visible and suffiejer*t)y
distant from the road, the brljdges
of the Glse and the railroad station, it did not receive any projectiles.    (Italics mine.)
The explanation of this ittimulty,
according to Genoral X, was that
from the military point of view, the
results obtainable from bombing
staff headquarters were illusory and
not worth while..
It was the publication of the first
of these two remarkable letters
that caused Pierre Renaudel, Socialist deputy, to declare during the
debate in the Chamber that duy:
"It Is only for tho poor devils
that this is not a gentlemen's
agreement. Or, to put It more exactly, the only agreement which
they make is a convention with
death."
A Gentleman's Agreement
Was It then a gentlemen's agreement, similar to the one that protected staff headquarters, which
was the cause of the remarkable
immunity which the coal and Iron ;
mining districts on both sides of the |
western front enjoyed during most'
of the war. The letter In L'lnfor-
matlon, already quoted, brings out
this point succinctly. After referring to tho complaints of
French aviation officers that they
had been forbidden to bomb Briey,
the writer says:
"The motive of this prohibition
of which the aviation officers speak
seems, according to rumors, to hnve
been due to a tacit agreement between the belligerents. It would
seem that we said to the Germans: "We will not 'jombnrd
Briey from which yo» get your
iron ore if you will respect, on your
side, Bruay and the coal basin of
Pas-de-Calais." (Italics in orlg.
lnal.)
Who, at bottom, was responsible
for the undeniable immunity! accorded these iron and coal mines?
The International flnanclal and
mining interests, responds Deputy
Barthe, who, from the tribune of
thc Chamber on January 24, 1919,
sqlcmnly declared:    - . }
I affirm that either by th*;fact
of the International solidarity of
the great metallurgy companies, or
In order to safoguard private-business Interests, our military chiefs
wero ordered not to bombar^j the
establishments of tho Briey w»In
which was being exploited by| |the
enemy during the war.
world, brigaded under the banner
of the Mctallgesclschaft of Frank'
fort," and he concludes:
Mak ns Accusations
"I formally accuse the big cos-
mopoitan banks, at least the owners of mining rights, to have conceived, prepared and let loose this
horrible tragedy with the monstrous
thought of world stock-jobbing. I
accuse the same powers to have,
before and since the war, betrayed
tho Interests of France."
. But, some will urge, it Is absurd
to think that the mineral magnates
of France or Germany should have
brought about a tacit agreement to
protect their properties during the
war. Why everybody knows that
modern wars are fought for the
possession of coal and Iron deposits,
Thai's what the Franco-Prussian
war was over. It may be granted
that in 1871 and for jl country Industrially "on the make," as Germany was, such a motive may exist. And It would seem that the
same motive would hold good for
the French capitalists. Yet, as has
been shown in this article, the flag
which flics over a mining district
matters but little to capital for the
ownership'ef thc mines themselves
Is international. The German Empire took possession of Alsace-
Lorraine in 1871, but wo have seen
that French capitalists still retained
their property rights In the Lorraine basin.
Not Un in It tented ■
However obvious mny seem the
value to France of possession of
Al.saec-Lornrlnc, the plain fact is
that to the Fronch steel trust—the
Committee of Forges—the return
of these two provinces was not regarded as an unmitigated blessing.
In a deposition made October -'S,
1915, before a Committee of the
French Senate, Robert Pinot, general secretary of the Committee of
Forges, and of a member ot1 other
big metallurgical combines—stuted:
"The return of Franco to the
frontiers or 1915 (that Is, the return of Alsace-Lorraine) would
place the French metallurgical Industry in an excessively critical
situation, and, in addition would
aggravate very seriously the dependence of France of foreign countries for supplies of coal und coke."
According to his figures, the addition of the Lorraine Iron basin to
France would force the country to
import 118,000,000 tons of conl
each year. But there was the German coal basin of thc Siirre. which
was Included in France in the
boundaries of 1814, and Mr. Plnot
then discussed the effect of France
annexing the Snrro district. He
said it would reduce the eoal Importations 8,000,000 tons a year, but
his conclusion was:
"But It must be remarked that If
the general Interest Imperiously
ommunds the re-annexation of the
.Sarre coal basin, the particular
situation of the French Metallurgical Industry will by this fact be
made even more serious." i
Keep Production Dnuu
Why?   The reason that Mr. Plnot
gave was that the return to Frnnce j
of thc Lorraine iron district would5
increase, enormously the iron and
steel production of Frunce, and, as
there were some smelters   in    the
Sarre  basin, the annexation of It
would further increnso this production.   But why should French mineral trust oppose this Increase in
production.    Remember   thoti the
policy of the Committee of Forges
was one of economic malthusianlsm
—keop production down so to keep
prices up.   Sheltered behind a tar-1
Iff  which   hns  been   described  as'
"prohibitive" the combine Mas  un- I
able to keep domestic prices up as
high as It pleased. |
No one has belter described  the
policy of. tbe Committee of Forges [
than Abbe Weiterle,    the    deputy
from Alsace In tho French Chamber, who declared:
of
Alsace-Lorraine.    But in France it
is  known   that   Millerand   is   the
•J attorney of the steel combine—the
Committee of Forges.
It will be seen from this exposure of the policy of the Committee of Forges toward the return
of Alsace-Lorraine, if It has not already been sufficiently demonstrated in this article, that the interests
of private property nro two separate and distinct things. Whether
the money and mineral international did or did not prepare and
start tho war, as Senator Ue VII-
laine charged, it is certain that tlie
51 months during which millions of
men were killed, wns a most profitable era for these interests. Thc
'wholesale slaughter of men, it cannot be denied, means good business to those who furnish the instruments of death.
When war does not exist, these
interests seek to cause It. That was
shown by Liebknecht in 1918 when,
he exposed before the German
Reichstag the policy of the Krupps,!
whieh was to subsidize French
newspapers at Paris to attack Gcr
many and then use these editorial
attacks to convince thc Reichstag
that Germany for fear of France
must Incrense hor armament.
And when war docs exist, we
have seen whnt happens, Tlie
"Red" International Socialists muy
be forbidden to attend a Stockholm
conference for the purpose Of discussing pence terms, But thc "Yellow" International of the financinl
nnd mineral Interests is not disturbed In Its working during even
the time of war. Here is one Inst
bit of evidence of that fact. This
little 'news dispatch was sent from
Switzerland by the Ha vas Agency
ind appeared on October '.'8, 191",
in the columns of Le Temps, the
Paris organ of the French moneyed
interests.
Financiers Meet
"An examination of the rumors
concerning the negotiations lor
pence whicli arc said to hnve takon
place among the mombors of high
finance from ibe two groups of
powers has shown that the story
arose simply from the meetings between financiers of iho entente and
Of the central powers for the purpose of exchanging stocks nnd
bond?.
Based on the facts which have
been given iu this article II is submitted tlmt for thoso who own thc
mines and smelters, and who, despite the fact thnt their properties
are situated In close proximity to
the front, are permitted o exploit
them und reap the profits from
them, war is not the fearful calamity it Is to the common men on the
famous plains of Plcardy and fields
of Flanders who hy the million are
slaughtered by the output of those
mutually protected mines.
War, Shefman suid, is hell.
But business, its Octave Mlrbcnu
remarked, is business.
Waltham Railroad Watches
BUY THEM AT SPENCER'S AND YOU PAY THE
MINIMUM FJll6u
The man who owns one .of these watches has all the satisfaction a watch can give. No watches are more desirable, no
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one of the best assortments In this city and our prices are the
lowest quoted anywhere. Here are details of a few of them that
may influence the man who has a watch purchase in mind:   •
19-Jewel "Vanguard," 18-sIste   '.i $75.00
17-Jewel "Canadian Bailway Time Service," 18-slze .....$52.50
23-Jewel "Vanguard," 16-size  $85.00
17-Jewel "C. P. R.," 16-size  $52.50
31-Jewel "Crescent St.," 16-siae  v...$67.50
19-Jewel "Riverside,"   16-size    $$6.00
All the above are adjusted to temperature, lsoehronism and five
positions. The price quoted is for movement only, leaving the
matter of choice of case to the option of the purchaser.
—Jewelry Dept., Main Floor.
DAVID SPENCER, LTD.
What, thon, Is tho conclusion to
be drawn from these facts? I can
do no better than reproduce the
one expressed by Gustavo Tery,
February 7, 19in, in L'Oeuvre:
"i\To one cnn deny nny longer the
existence of the Metallurgical International, It is for the nations
now to see nnd comprehend this
fact. Consider an Iron mine: Is
it too much to sny that those who
own it control peace and war?
What, in reality, is thc most profitable way of hauling Iron ore? It
Is in manufacturing il Into armament. It Is to the interest of the
maker of arms and munitions to Incrense armament, the excess of
■which inevitably provokes armed
conflicts. Modem wur Is thy natural and ever-recurring fruit of
■ metallurgy.
j "If this one tru.th Is known today, t'0.000,000 men will not hnve
died in vnln. But it must bo Inscribed In tho hearts of all the sur-
jVlvo.rs. They must thoroughly understand the simple relation of this
London—the railway workers of
England have provided fi very spirited "come back" to one of the
of the press* misrepresentations of
their activities. During the railway strike last fall, a London paper
published a photograph of a fine
house, which it was claimed the
men's leader, .1. H. Thomas, had
just bought for himself. The story
was calculated to throw discredit
on the union, and the union responded by the very simple and effective method of opening a subscription list, and buying the houae
for Thomas. It has just been presented to the leader.
j       .,._, ...... ,._., ,
I affirm that our aviation service received instructions to respect
the blast furnaces ln which the
enemy steel was being made, and
that a general who had wlshd to
bombard them was reprimanded."
Gaudin de Villaine, a Conservative member of the French Senate,
went a step further ln his brochure,
"Le fou de rol" (The King's Fool),
In which he cites Page 11 cf the
French Yellow Book:
'•Fa.br lean ts of cannon and armor plate, treat merchants who
demand the greatest markets, bankers who speculate on the ace of
gold and on the next Indemnity,
think (in Germany) that the war
should be good business.**
Then he declared that the true
ptoflteers of the war ara "Uie pro-
I had  understood   noting    n    ,     .„.,,,..     .
•>\tr__ .tn..„ „. *u . ample effect to this ample cause,
those days of the mentnl reserva- ,T1        , .
tlons of those who wished to de-! ' '
prive us of the fruit of  our   long'
and sorrowful wait. I saw thcir' Bismarck—The Importance of
game more clearly, when, a few the Bank uC Noith D?k10-ta' tho
months later, their opposition crys- ■ ftate;own^ b,!n *' m n SAte.clear-
. ...    . . «w«»i«Hi trjs    ,      houae is being constantly de
tained In more precise formulas. m0nstratod. April 19 thc transit
AA e flnd before us these partisans of department handred more than
economic mnlthuslnnlsm, who dls- $4,000,000 worth of business. This
dalnful of the national wealth, pre- is the second time ln several
occupy themselves uniquely with months that one day's clearing have
rarlfylng a product on the domestic reached $4,000,000. Recently they
market in nr,w *„   »u   tf   more 'have been averaging $1,400,000 per
market In order to sell it
dearly. They are the representatives of the least effort who are
afraid of a crisis of over-production, persons, either timorous or
more often selfish to the point of
forgetting patriotic duty, who consent to leave to Germany alt of her
formidable advance, provided that
they themselves, sheltered behind a
solid tariff wall on tho frontier, can
sell at higher prices their decreasing production.
Compromise Policy
Since It realized that even it
could not come out openly against
the return of Alsace-Lorraine to
France, the Committee of Forges
hit upon a happy compromise policy and called for the erection of a
tariff frontier between the returned provinces of Alsace-Lorraine and
the rest of France. It remains to
be seen whether this boon will be
granted them, but they have made
a good start In that direction. They
are still following thetr old policy of
fllling the strategical positions with
their own henchmen, Little notice was token In tils country of
the announcement on February 31,
1913, that ifr. Milleivd had been
i day.
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
used.
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 ud US
BEST
I
FURNITURE
on the
I
EASIEST
TERMS
is to bc had at our
store. Qunlity is our
feature. Our stock gives
you choice unlimited. A
very small deposit and
tho goods are yours to
use and enjoy while you
pay for them.
THE _
HOME
Furniture Co.
I
416 MAIN ST.
Opposite Cllj- Hull
I
Buy Your Groceries the'Marketaria'
Way-It's the Sure
Way to Economize
SUGAR
will be dearer. Lar in aitock
now for cooking parpoiH.
Bright Tellow Sugar itt 6 and
10-lb. lou, at,
per lb ,
20c
Tn—A delirious blend ot brokaa
Orango Pokoe, worth 70e. My
price,  per lb ..90s
Batter—Fresh gma crt amory, par
1^ J70e
Eggs—New laid, guaranteed freak
daily, dozen   file
Nncoa—Tho new nut   butter,   par
Pit* iOe
CheeM—Fine   full   cream, tpeeiai,
per Ib.  lte
Dried Green Vets—Three lbi 16c
Pacific  B.  O.  MUk—20-oi.   eau,
'    two  for   L._88e
Eagla Coadtnitd MUk—Tin ....IM
Bolndeer Condensed Milk—Tin tie
Salmon—Good pink salmon, half-
pound tine  lie
Lobstoi—New stoek; qu arte ro..He
Ilalrei lie
Sapho Insect Powder—Per box Me
Vinegar—Brown,  quart   bottlea,  3
ft,p SSe
Pippin's Corn—l'er lb lie
Shelled Peanuts—Freih etock, "par
pound Sfic
Peanut Butter—Extra flue, lb...3Se
Garden Seeds—New stoct, a choico
variety,   put   up   in  pkgi.,   10c
and up.
S. T. WALLACE
MARKETARIA
Tlie Home of Quality
Groceries
118 HASTINGS ST. W.
Seymour  1201
Put  a  one-cent stamp  on   thli
paper and mail It to a friend.
Established
Standards
While we have told innumerable Diamonds
and Diamond-set pieces during our many
years. of Diamond merchandizing: in Vancouver, we have never had a customer complain that an ALLAN DIAMOND did not
live up to expectations.
You will find this consistent spirit of
quality characteristic of our magnificent
Diamond stock today.
As a visitor or a customer you are always
welcome.
"The House
of Diamonds"
480-486 ORANVILLE ST.   at corner Fender
Ready Learn and
Inwardly Digest
NOW READY IN PAMPHLET FOllM
Judge Mclralfc's Charge lo the Jury In thc Russell IVInJ, u
compared with CAVE ill  Hex  rs. BURNS, ENGLAND,  18«e.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
OPINION
B.v W. H. TRUEMAN, K. C.
Examination nnd .statement of Law, and Review of Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, in Trial of R. B, Russell, at Winnipeg, December, 1919,
Prices for the above pamphlets are ns under:—
Bundle orders, $5.00 per 100 copies, 85c per dozen copies;
single copies 10c eauh.   Freight and postago extra.
Two in One
GALT in THE KING vs. F. J. DIXON, M.L.A.
—ALSO—
ADDRESS TO THE JURY BY F. J. DIXON,
M.L.A.
Acknowledged to be thc mOBt eloquent and historic address ever
delivered ln the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, $8.00 por 25 copies; single
copies,, 25c each.   Ail charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of tho abovo pamphlets, place your ordera
•arly with James Law, Secretary of the Defense Commltte*
Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Single copies can be obtained in Vancouver at the Fcdera-
tloplat Offlce. Friday May ., mo
TWELFTH YEAR.    NO. I*
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vakoobvm, r «l
rAuii --vat*      m
Hunter-
Henderson
* 	
Paints
mm*»*aaaaaat*a»**mmm*mBmmi mm^^—mmam—mm—mm^
Quality .*• Service
642-Granville Sbreet-642
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They An, Indexed tot Tog
lit. Union Ku, OM Thla Ont and Wrt It to Your Wlft
Banks   !
Bank of Toronto, Hutinga k Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New Weit-
minstor.
Eoyal Bank of Canada, U Braaches in Vancourer, St in B. 0.
Bicycles
Tisdalls Limited  US Hastingi Street Wut
J. A. Flett    .Hastings Street West
Billiards
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Booms) Hastings Street East
Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Shoe Co, _
Ingledew Shoo Store.
"K" Boot Shop	
Pierre Paris _
Wm. Diok Ltd...
.Ul Hastingi Street Gait
 666 OranviUe Street
 Jl» Hastings Street West
_.M Haatings Street West
..Hastings Street East
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company ;... .63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. 5( Hastings W.
Cafes
Golden date Cafe   Hastings Street East
O. B. U. Model Cafe  '....'. St Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cafe t....- Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing; and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold * Quigley    546 Oranvillo Street
damans, Ltd 152 Hastings Street West
Clubb k Stewart.   .-   309315 Hastinga Street Weat
B. C. Outfitting Co, 342 Hastings Street Wost
Wm. Dick Ltd  -  33-40 Hastings Street East
Thoa. Foster k Co, Ltd .-.-,  514 OranviUe Stroet
-..._.     . _    ... 345 Hoatjngi gtrct West
A Bed and a Bath
(By ANISE, Staff Writer—Tha Federated Preaa.)
The LUMBER Oompany
Went to SMASH
Because of its workers!
It was a biff company
Down hi Lewis County
And It FAILED
Because of strikes.
And rapid turnover of labor,
and DISCONTENT
Expressing Itself
In many ways.
Some time last fall'
tfhey SOLD OUT
To a NEW management*
And now
Its mills and logging railroads
That once were a failure
Are paying a fair proflt!
Yet the WORKERS
Are the SAME
As the ones they had before,
And the TREES are tho sam*
And all the EQUIPMENT
Is the same
EXCEPT
Thnt the new management
Tore down the old
BUNK-HO URES,
'And put In BEDS
With springs and mattresses
And sheets and blankets!
They also installed
SHOWER BATHS
With hot and cold water!
And put in decent toilets!
That was about ALL
They did,
Unless you considor
That THESE things v
Were SIGNS
Of a different attitudo
And that the new management
Had sense enough to know
If you treat mon Ukt cattle,
They will behave like cattle,
{If you treat them like MEN
They will behave like menl
Anyway
The eompany
Is prospering NOW.
It seems odd to think
That OTHER companies
Don't get next
To the bright idea,
Tf a BED
And a BATH
Make all THAT difference!
Roth and Dourassoff Perjury
Oases Are Now Being Heard
Before Mr. Justice Cayley
(Continued from page 1)
3a W. Foster k (V, Ltd	
Z. N. Harvey Lti        _.
C. D. Bruce *.   401 Hastings Street West
Now York Outffitting Co...,
David Sponcer Ltd...
,W. B. Brumitt	
Thomas ft McBain.....
Woodwards Ltd	
Victor Clothes Shop..
D. K. Book
„185Hastingi West antTvictoria, B. C.
..143 Hastings Street West
..Haatingt Street
....Cordova Streot
..Granvillo Street
...Hastings and Abbott Streets
..113 Hastings West
*,. -.  _._    , 117 HaBtings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative , ...41 Pender Street Weat
Rlckson's r ■ 820 Granville St.
Coal
Kirk ft Co., Ltd  — 929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
« Dairies
Frasor Valley Dairies—........ 8th Avenue and Yukon Street
Dentists
Dr. Brott Anderson 602 Hastings West
Dr. W. J. Curry..^-...«-~_......  .301 Dominion Building
flrst witness called. He stated that
the accused had given evidence be*
fore him, The board was properly
constituted and had the power of
a court in respect to evidence.
"Did Sergt. Wilson givo evidence?" asked Mr. Wood.
Instantly Mr. Reid was on his
feet. He objectad to any reference
to Serfct. Wilson being made. But
Air. Wood pointed out that Wilson's
testimony had been admitted in the
case In the polico court.
His honor allowed the "Uesticn.
The witness replied that Sergt. Wilson had given evidence.
The cross-examination of the
wltnesa by Mr. Held waa featured
by continual objections on the part
of Mr, Wood, who asserted that to
all intents and purposes Mr. Jolllffe
was really a defense witness and
favorable to tho defense, and was
in fact as inspector of immigration,
the employer of the defense counsel who acted as solicitor and counsel for the  board at  the  inquiry.
Despite the strenuous objection
of Mr. Wood, the court allowed Mr.
Reld to ask how the accused had
impressed him.
"I believed their evidence," answered Mr. Jolllffe, who proceeded
to tell why he believed the evidence
of Dourassoff, saying that In another case he had told the truth,
which was proved by an admission
of the man ajja-inst whom he was
appearing.
Mr, Davis took exception on one
point, to the transcript of the evidence taken at the inquiry, saying
that it omitted lu one Instance the
name of a Russian, thereby changing the sense of the paragraph.
The paragraph wag thc subject of
one of the allegations of perjury ln
the Indictment.
As the stenographer who took
the notes was absent from the city,
Mr. Wood proved by another witness that she* waa ln Boston, and
in the confidence of Butaeff to such
an extent that he was entrusted
with the task of securing an automobile to take them away from tho
city after the bnnlc was broken Into.
Dourassoff thereupon secured Sergt.
John Wilson, the police agent, who
has since been executed, but for
some reason the attempt on the
bank failed to materialize.
In concluding his evidence before
Hts Honor Judge Cayley on Tuesday, Butaeff asked permission to
refute the story about his "gang."
He  had  been  told  in  the   police    i_,
court when he endeavored to V814 flatter
unteer a denial that he would have
the opportunity of doing so* at the
trial. When he again endeavored
to launch upon his story, he wai
stopped, but hts honor told him
that he might come to him privately at the conclusion of the trial
and relate the details to him.
Shortly beforo the session closed,
Mr. Wood was joined by Mr. Rub- I
inowltz, who conducted the proBe-!
cution tn the preliminary hearing
in the police court by Magistrate,
Shaw.
Enters Denials
George Chekoff, one of the men
ordered deported from Canada, and
against whom Barney Roth and
Alex. Dourassoff, mounted police
operatives, gave evidence, occupied
the witness stand on Wednesday,
morning. Chekoff, who readily answered the questions put to him
by Mr. I. I. Rubinowitz, came to'h*
stop when Mr. E. P. Davis, K. OS,
defense counsel with Mr. R. hi
Reld, K, C., started to cross-exanj-
ine htm'. ,Mi
After considerable effort on th*
part of Mr. Davis to proceed wltri
his examination, lt was decided id'
adjourn the further testimony ot
tho witness until Thursday, Vfhom
an Asatanlan Interpreter may bo
available. The hesitancy or InabUn
ity of the witness to answer quefti
tions In cross-examination, declared His Honor Judge Cayley, made
it a matter of doubt as to what portion of the examination in chidfj
should be accepted. '"
Chekoff entered denials lo allegations made against htm that he
very well; but Zukoff seerdgt JU
and dazed, bis examination proceeding with difficulty.
During the last hour of the after-
jai noon, things moved more briskly,
*J^two witnesses being examined by
Mr. Wood and another by Mr. Rub-
. inowltz, whilo Mr. Reid and Mr.
ItDavia took alternate cross-examin-
jations. All their witnesses testified that they had worked at But-
aeff's pool room on Hastings street,
and had not seen anything of the
seditious proceedings which Roth
'bnd Dourassoff had ascribed to
j-ChekoTf and Zukoff, such as taking
part in meetings and distributing
literature in the pool room. They
further testified that they had
never once aeen Roth, Dourassoff,
Chekoff.or Zukoff on the premises,
although they woujd naturally have
noticed them if they oame there
often, as alleged. The witnesses'
names were given ae Chaa. Hammond, a Syrian, who kept the barber shop at the entrance to the pool
room; Wm. Simons, an American
of English descent, who was manager of the place, and Geo. Bosoff,
a short, sturdy, smiling, young Asa-
tlnlan, who had worked there for
a while. All three had given similar evidence in the police court
whero Mr. Reld had betrayed Hammond Into "recollecting" him as a
vlsltoa) although Mr. Reld then declared he had never been In the
place, Mr. Reld now quizzed Hammond : "You accepted my word
that I wasn't down there?" Witness retorted promptly; "No, I
didn't accept It."    (Laughter.)
On Thursday morning, an interpreter now being present, George
Chekoff, pale and blinking before
the light of the window directly ln
front of him, was again placed up-t
on the stand. Examined by Mr.
Davis, he said he had registered, as
required, but could not sign his
name. In answering questions
about his companion, he took no
exception to Mr. Davie calling the
'Zuroff,"   but  himself  pro-
thereupon   tendered   the   evidence j had  distributed   prohibited  litem-
given by her in the police court.
Both sessions on Tuesday  were
; ture and addressed crowds, speak'
Ing in  the  Russian  language,   or
largely, occupied with the reading] that he had any interest whatever
| Dr. Gordon Campbell.-.
Dr. Lowe. ——•—-■
Dr. Grady .«—«
 Corner Granville and Robson Streets
 Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
 Corner Hastings aad Seymour Streets
Drinks
Britannia Beer...-.—
[ Cascade Beer...........
' 1'alricia Cabaret	
Taxi—Soft Drinka_
Van Bros „
...Westminster Brewery Co.
..Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
....411 Hastings Street East
 ._..409 Dunsmuir Street
..... ..Ciders and winee
Vancouver Drug Co-
Drugs
Dry Goods
..Any of their six storos
Famous Cloak ft Snit Co.— ...... —623 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative  .41 Pender Street West
Florists
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd. 43 Hastings Bast and 72S Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Kuan, Thomson ft Glegg...-.— - —...—531 Homer Stroet
Hastings Furniture Co...
Furniture
...41 Hastings Street West
Ballard Furniture Store   102-4 Main Street
Home Furniture Company > 416 Mala Street
Groceries
Cul-Van Market....  Hastings Streot Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three itoree). Hastings, GranvUle and Main Streets
Woodwards ~—Hastings and Abbott Streets
Spcncon Ltd -    Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Union Public Market 36-37 Hastings Street West
S. T. Wallace ™ 113 Hastings Street West
Hatters
Black And White Hat Store Cor. Haatinga and Abbott Street!
Jewelers
O. B. Allan ..i * 489 Granvillo Street
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin.-—  -   -.(Malkia'e Beit)
Musical Instruments
Mason &. Risch 738 Granville Street
Hwtuor Bros - 312 Hastings Street West
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (TurnofcBeeton ft Co., Victoria, B. a)
Paints
Huntor-Hondcraon Paint Co  *,— 642 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookh6use.v   —Labor Temple
ClellandDibble  ~ — Tower Building
Railways
p. O. E   and the    C. N. &
by Mr. Wood of the evidence given
by the accused before the Immigration Board of Inquiry, which Investigated the cases of George Chekoff
and Boris Zukoff, In which the alleged perjury was recited.
Butaeff Gives Evidenoe
Only on j witnoss was called during the afternoon by the prosecution. This was a man named E.
Butaeff, who is held under guard
by tho Immigration authorities
awaiting deportation proceedings.
A fine-looking chap, Butaeff was,
until the time of his arreat employed occasionally ln the police
court aa interpreter. He owned a
pool room on Hastings street, near
the Irving hotel, and* it was In his
place of business that Zukoff and
Chekoff were said by the accused
to have resorted for the purpose of
distributing prohibited literature.
Butaeff was called by Mr. Wood
to deny that tlje two men were ever
ln his- pool room. This he did tn
no uncertain manner. The three
men were not oa speaking terms.
Butaeff had sold the former poolroom to Zukoff and Chekoff, and
had started another In opposition
to them. *
Butaeff, in evidence given by
Dourassoff before the Immigration
board was declared to be the leader
of a "hold-up gang." These desperadoes, It waa stated hy the police agents, had planned the loot-
ing of tho Bank of Montreal and
other ventures. Dourassoff declared that h« had been admitted
aa a member ol the band, and wae
in a restaurant at 120%  Hastings
street enst, where it was said, gambling had been carried en,
A Point of Privilege Is Ignored
Mr. R. L. Reid, K. C, arose to a
point of privilege. He took exception on behalf of the Immigration
board and of himself, who had
been appointed by the department
of justice to act for the Immigration board, to the statement made
by Mr. H. S. Wood on Monday that,
the Russians had not had a "fair
show*' before, but would have one
at the trial before hts honor. He
denied that they had anything olse
but a fair show before the Immigration board. Every lawyer who
nppared there would eay so, with
the exception of Mr. Rublnowltx,
declared Mr. Reid.
No reply was made by either Mr.
Wood or Mr. Rubinowitz. Hts honor
commented that as Mr, Wood had
made one statement and Mr. Reld
another he would consider the Incident closed.
George Chekoff having had his
examination, adjourned till he
could be supplied with an Interpreter, Judge Cayley was occupied
during the remainder of Wednesday morning's session In listening
to the examination of hla companion, Boris Zukoff, who had testimony to givo along the same lines,
denying absolutely the revolutionary activities- ascribed to them by
Roth and Dourassoff. Zukoff was
provided with two Interpreters—
Mrs. Peters, Introduced by Mr.
Wood, and Mrs. Omtnlsky, by the
defense,    The  two   ladles   agreed
nounced the name distinctly "Zukoff."
Dealing with the family of Deakoff, he was asked if Pauline was a
sweetheart of his. He said ahe was
not, but was his nephew's wife. He
had made her presents, but never
corresponded with her.
Perhaps, then, It was Mary that
was his sweetheart," Mr."Davis suggested. Thie he also denied, but
said she had recently written him
several letters, which he could bring
to court.
As to his claim- that he had been
sick, Mr. Davis said: "We are going to bring evidence to. show he
wasn't sick."
Witness, through the Interpreter,
replied, "Go and get it.n
Mr. Davis read a "Jealous letter"
said to have been written by one
of the Deakoff daughters to Mrs.
Zehek, In which Chekoff appeared
to be the Innocent cause of the
"jealousy." Chekoff didn't seem to
know anything about the matter.
Whoever wrote the missive, it was
amusingly vigorous In its diction.
, . Asked whether he had signed his
name when executing a bill of sale,
ho said he "put a cross on it." In
transferring the license of his pool
room, he denied that he signed his
■name at the City Hall. Shown his
alleged signature, which was said
to be "Gapo Chehoieff," he main-
|.mined that he had not written it
nor asked anybody else to do so.
He was usually called "Gapo" at
ihe Deakoff ffhouse, however.
At the afternoon session, Dr. Mc-
Alpine briefly testified as to the
"flu" sickness at the Deakoffff house
and said it was quite possible for
a person suffering from It to have
a relapse.
Chekoff was then once more placed upon the stand, having brought
the letters he had' received from
Mary Dcakoff since the family left
Vancouver a few months ago.
Mr. Davis, reading from the correspondence, noted the phrase,
"George dear," and that "dear" was
underlined. As he was proceeding
to askk about some one mentioned
in this letter, Mr. Rubinowitz demurred; Mr, Davis persisted, however, remarking, "We may get
some inside history, you know."
Tho writer, continuing, complained
that Chekoffff waa not "writing"
lately, and added, "Getting letters
from, you means a lot to me always." The letter waa signed
"Mary Deakoff."
Mr. Rublnowltx then took a hand
and elicited that Chekoff had his
letters written for him by somebody
else and those he received were read
to him, as he could neither read nor
write. Mr, Rubinowitz further said
he would like the letters to be put
fn; and he proceeded to read another part of the correspondence
aloud.
In It the writer sympathized with
Chekoff at being kept In prison for
nothing, but objected te hts wish
to go back to Russia,   "Canada is
a far better country." the letter
ran, "and far better people. Besides
the high court will be soon." This
waa signed "Folly Deakoff. Another passage ran, "We all love you
and you have been very good to us.
Tou have been just like an uncle
to me, and I can never repay you."
* A Uttle further on, it counselled,
"Trust In God. God is good, and he
always punishes people who give
false evidence—like Dourasoff and
Roth. Qod will punis'i them sooner
or later."
Tho letters were left wtth the
court
Mildred Starkeff repeated the
story of her experience when visiting the last Vancouver Exhibition
with Mary Deakoff the month following the arrests In July. She alleged Barney Roth said that If
Pauline would give him $200, he
would help the arrested men out
Mr. Davis: "Did she give him
the 3200?-
. Witness:. "Not that I know."
She also repeated Roth's caution
to her to keep away from the police court or ahe would "get Into
trouble." She knew Dourasoff was
an t.gent of the Mounted' Police, om
Mary Deakoff told her.
Mr. Davis subjected this witness
(now married) to a merciless cross-
examination, with tho obvious purpose of seriously impugning h.r
moral character. Anions his suggestions were: that she had heen in
the habit of frequenting a mobilisation camp at Grand Forks at night,
had been driven therefrom by the
constable, had been the companion
of a girl whose reputation had been
lost, that she stayed out late at
night, was a Doukhobor, and had
gone bathing In the river, near the
camp, without clothes. The witness
emphatically and Indignantly denied these things, and also that she
had received $15 and a box of
candy after giving evidence In the
police court, or had told another
woman so.
George Kabanoff testified that he
had often been at Butaeff's pool
room during the prelod In question,
and had never seen Chekoff or Zukoff there, nor Dourasoff or Roth.
As to the forbidden newspapers said
to have been distributed there, he
had only aeen the "Sun" and the
Province."
Mike Blgoff, the closing witness
for the day, was a quiet-spoken
miner who had come tn to give
evidence* He knew that Chekoff
could not read or write in any
language, and that he had been
sick. He had never seen Chekoff
and Zukoff giving out newspapers.
Mr. Davis, In croBS-examlnatlon,
asked him if people who had been
in the Russian army three years
would not necessarily speak Russian.
Witness reminded counsel that
there were "people here fifteen
.ears and can't speak English," Mr.
Davis said he wasn't speaking about
this country at all.
In examining this witness, It was
noted that Mr. Davis kkept saying
Zurkoff." Witness did not try to
correct him; but when he was asked: "What did they generally call
him?" he at once replied: "Zukoff
—never anything else,"
The case was further adjourned
till Friday morning, and will be
continued next week and possibly
still longer.
Tailors
Tom tivo Tailor— 624 OranviUe St; 818 Hastinga W.
Abrams the Tailor 614 Hastings West
Tools
J. A. IJett . — - - Hastings Street West
Martin,' Finlayson ft Mather - —.Hastings Street Weet
Theatres and Movies
>WM .'.  Orpht'Qtn    -—. Pantages
Empress .
tiooi for ons ytsr's snbseripUta le Tht I
<i _f\   C    1        /I   .     1 B   0.  r«4«ntlMli«, will be aslM t«
III Nun   I aVnc   "? *<""" *■ <*>■«» '" 817.10.1
city.) Order tw today. B—It when soilJ
Many People Realize That
BRUMMITT'S
is the most economical store to buy from. Whyt Expenses
are less on Cordova Street.
Camp Blankets at $6.00   Men's Combination Ribbed ,
Underwear $3.00 i
Men's Black Twill Shirts
at $1.60
Men's Khaki Shirts, strong
twill $1-75
Men's Merino Underwear,
per snit $2.50
Men's Ribbed Underwear,
suit - $4.00
Men's Working Boots, per !
pair $5.00  ,
Men's Fine Boots, from, per
pair $5.00.
Men's   Dress   Shirts,   up
from $1.2?
W. B. Brummitt
18-20   OORDOVA   STREET
444 MAIN STREET
INCH»
New Democratic (?) Flag
Brings New Burdens on
Alsace-Lorraine
London—Dissatisfaction among
the workera of Alsace-Lorraine has
been general ever since the French
took over the territory, according
to Emlle Burns, secretary of the
Information committee ot the Independent Labor Party of Oreat
Britain. According to data received by Burns, this dissatisfaction is
mainly due to the rapid Increase in
tha cost of living, and to the action
of the military authorities In suppressing any efforts of the workers
to get higher wages.
The two Industrial mainly concerned aro the metal workers, men
and women, who are earning less
than three francs (normal value 60
cents) per day, A general strike
has been In progress ln Colmar, and
the authorities have forbidden any
meetings of more than three people.
There ia talk of a general strike
throughout the province.
Give a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
Our Union Specials
for Men
AT LAST YEAR'S PRICE. SS.00
Men's Gun Mettl Calf Bluchers and Straight hped Oaota,
Ooodyear welted oak solea. We hare aboat M pin, a-m
7tol0. Today'i prioe fo* thaw
shoe* would bo $12.08; oh prioe
to clear ia $1.00.
BOOT SHOP
, JU> HASTINGS ST*
FOR $a
Tou
Wo
get
g«t
thia
thia
Ton also
We also
get thia
get thia
Tour cholc. ot tay ferment in tM
most splendid itock of lu kind In tM
otty. Tou tako it at one*—anl wtar Wi
Tour dtpg.lt ot 16.00, your promln
to make amall lutallmont paymonta
for tha rtmaininf coat at your lolaurt.
your ability to pay.
Quality, atylo, a aaylnc, a ayatem Of
which you may obtain all tho cloth*,
you need in suck a way that you nover
miss tho money.
Tha confidence tt a regular and aatloi
fled patron.
A oomplcca and eiclmdre
stock of Ladies' and Men'a
Garments — your satisfaction guaranteed.
812 HASTINGS ST. W.
Near Homer
teteWOMElC
ON EAST
342 Hastings St W.
Hear Hon*.r   S!".
Ride to
Work
BUT A BI0T01B
W. H. Morrison
Agents for Maasey Harrta
Bicycles
108 Hastings Stnet S.
Vanoouver, a C.   •
Entirely new stock of
first -claaa machines ot
excellent quality..
Bakers' Strike
The undermentioned firms have signed the
bakers' new agreement and are fair to organized
labor;  - -
British Bakery, 986 Oranvillo Street
Bungalow, 774 Oranvillo Street
Broadway Bakery, 522 Broadway East .
English Bay Bakery, 1200 Denman Street
Edwards, 757 Broadway West
Fletcher's Bakery, Cedar Cottage.
Ferguson, 2515 Main Street.
Francis, 4251 Main Street.
Granville Bakery, 1162 Granville Street
Jersey Bakery, 1037 Granville Street.
Lloyd, 720 Bobson Street.
London Bakery, 439 Seventh Avenue East.
Martin's Bakery, 431 Homer Street.
Matthew's Bakery, Sixth Avenue and Main Street.
McDonald, 4291 Main Street.
Rolson's Home Bakery, 433 Fender Street West.
St. Quintin, Twenty-fourth Avenue and Fraser.
Pitt's Bakery, 5983 Fraser Avenue.
Veterans' Rotary Bakery, 810 Robson Street.
AU bread without a label is UNFAIR.
All bread with the Union Label is FAIR.
Look on the bottom of the bread for this
Label and help the Bakers fight the
Open Shop
UNION MADE
The [EJ3 Loggers' Boot
mu .rdar. ptinislly tttudat to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS k SON
S3 CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. a
Next Door to Loggers' Han
Phone Seymour 558 Repairs Dona While Ton Walt
UNION STORE
Abrams the Tailor
IF ABRAMS MAKES THEM
THEY ARE CORRECT
614 Hastings W Phone Seymour 6424
Tre— Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
TI.OBISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STOHES—3
48 Hastings Street East 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour 988 bit Seymour 9513
Men's Brogue Oxfords
We aro showing an exceptionally goott
range of this popular footwear. We
have all aizei and widths for perfect
fitting and an expert fitting service te
flt you properly.
These Brogues are Union
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET PAGE EIGHT
TWELFTH TEAR. 'NO. 1»
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST ^runarnm. a o
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
BOYS' DEPT.—2nd floor
Union Made Clothes
for Union Men
You may not bc employed in the (Ootliiiig manufacturing,
business yourself, but other men who support tlie Union
cause arc so employed. Every Union man who chooses a
Union-made Suit supports the cause for which all Union
men are striving. It is a matter of principle. Then there
is another side of thc question. We have satisfied ourselves that there is no better Olothes made than these
Union Clothes wc offer you.   The tailoring is good; the
elyles are smart: Ihe fabrics are All-wool. We think so well
of these Suits that we absolutely guarantee them to your satisfaction. You can wear them six weeks or six months—-if they
don't make good—every claim we make for them—we will.
PRroAT.^sfc7;.VJ.-"...May 7, 19?
Bad Dreams
VK HAVE EXCEPTIONAL
VALUES AT	
$45
OTHERS AT
$40, $50, $60 to $75
Tlie Home of
HART SCIIA1MNER & MARX CLOTHES
Claman's
> Limited
153  HASTINGS  WEST
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys,   Thia is the
only Store in Vancouver that sells Union-made Clothes.
A grent London newspaper haa
sent out a representative into England to try to discover the new
world. He lias somewhat tke function of Noah's Dove; and like
Noah's Dove in the familiar hymn
he seems to "flit" between rough
seas and stormy skies." » He has
not indeed yet reached North Britain or Glasgow and may perhaps
be cheered by that queer laboratory of mobile matter whieh haa
developed along the banks of Clyde.
But in London and the Midlands,
and even in •progressive Manchester, he discovers little to reward his
nnterprlsc. In the1 kingdom of the
Spirit it is as lf the war had never
been: except perhaps that amongst
definite post-war organisations the
competition has become fiercer for
extorting higher terms for companions of the great war. Idealism
Is Indeed preached—by tho same
idealists. As In Anatole France's
simile the squirrel revolving round
Its cage and feeling Die cage move
under him, calls it progress. The
little societies which stand for international right, the prevention of
futuro war. understanding between
nation nud nation, the re-estabiish-
ment of human brotherhood continuo their efforts  in  dingy  back
Style that is latent in
feminine nature is made the reflex
beauty of a Famous mode
THERE are certain well-defined rules to style that a woman
unconsciously follows—bocouse style is the reflex expression
of feminine craving lor beauty In clothes.
FAMOUS style is given sufficient latitude by the vogue to please
the most exact Individualism—and yet it excludes the inferior
by strict observance to natural rules—by design that never departs from the utmost grace of line.
Tu women with ability to discriminate,
experience of unusual pleasure.
■ visit to Famous l_ au
THE HOME OF AUTHENTIC STYLE.
INN.S.W.
Conservative Government
Received   Political
Death Blow
HASTINGS ST. W.
Meat OruTillr
UNION
PUBLIC
MARKET
35-37 HASTINOS ST. W.
Look for the Bed Front
Telephones
Sey. 3481 Sey. 8226
The Market that saves
you money and a place
that you can do your
shopping with the greatest confidence.
Our aim is to please
you, and you arc always
welcome, no matter if you
buy or not.
WASHINGTON.s-Nlno justices of
the supreme court of the United
States arc now trying to decide whether private capitalism is inviolate,
to the small extent of open competition by the people of a stale Acting through their stato government.
A suit brought by forty-two taxpayers, opposing the programme of
the North Dakota state-owned grain
elevators, flour mills, bank, stockyards, etc., has been decided in favor of the state by the federal district court at Fargo, and had been
appealed here. A similar suit
brought before tbe state supreme
court, and likewise decided in favor
of the people, was also appealed
and consolidated with this action in
the argument.
Wages mean slavery. They never
meant ahythlng else. Tet the wage
slave gets mad when you tell him
about it.
WHEN   HUNGRY
East CAr t
EAT  AT  TOTS
Hastings
Street
IStft
—Suits—
For Man or Miss
The Very Latest
FOK
MEN
TOR
MISSES
CREDIT
GLADLY
We hnve Jusl received a large mil exceedingly choice shipment et Ven'e Suits.
These ire the vrry latest ln cut end style
—fee luring the Belt, Wsistline and Corset
effect mudels.
To equal our slock of Mi.sr.' Suits would
be hard indeed—the distinctive styles ot
Kcw York and Paris tieing ever present.
And our system ot selling on easy tonus,
a sniall deposit only being required,
brings these clothes within yeur reach.
NO
WOBRX
Oil
CARE
PAY    ■
Ag
YOU
WEAR
.THE
FAMILY
Clothiers
143 HASTINOS ST. W.
Opposite Province Ofllce
Pbone tie*. 1JHU
OUR  WARES WEAR  WHKRJC
WEAR'S WANTED'
PAY
THE EASY
WAY
Smashing Defeat For the
Arch  Renegade
Holman
[By W. Francis Ahern]
The general elections for thi
Slate of New .South Wales f Australia), look- place on Mar.ch 20- last,
and has resulted in a sweeping victory for the Labor Party, led by
John Storey. The reactionaries,
jingoes and war-mad politicians
have been given one of the biggest
trouncing!, ever seen in Australian
politics, and staggers back from
the general elections with barely
half it-s forceso intact. Labor has
swept on to victory on a wave of
splendid enthusiasm, displaying the
vim and life characteristic of the
Labor movement in Australia in
pre-war days.
It has indeed been a smashing
defeat for tho "Win-the-war" government, led by the arch-renegade;
W. A. Holman who, with a score
of  followers,   deserted  the   Labor
movement in 1916 over the question of conscription, allianccd with
the reactionaries,  and Tories, and
formed an anti-Labor government.
How   sweeping   has   been   Labor's
victory will be seen by the fact that
this    renrgade-cum-tory    government went to the country In March
1917, and won the election at that
time   on   a   "Win-the-war"   ticket.
They returned with 58 members in
a house of 90, as against n Labor
following  of   82.     Kor  three   long
years they subjected the people of
New South Wales td a government
as  reactionary  and  tyrannical  us
could    ever    be    imagined.  ■   The
workers found every liberty swept
away, their jobs taken from them
and themselves swept on to the industrial scrap heap—there to starve
or enlist in tlie army.   One of tho
most outrageous schemes discovered shortly after the election of this
tyrannical    government    was    the
now famed Infamous "secret memorandum"   wherein   the  Holman
crew  made  up  schemes,  showing
how men were t*o be sucked  from
works nnd Interviewed by recruiting sergeants, how men In private
employ were to be dismissed  and
their jobs given to youths, women
and old men, so that they too might
face  tho  recruiting sergeant.    He
also had schemes for mulling the
anti-war press, nnd general other
schemes for the yarding of men
Into the armies to fight overseas.
Defeated Tayloi-isnt.
It was shortly after his election
in 1917, too, that there was a general strike In Australia, which was
started by his government's attempt
to introduce the Taylor curd system
Into the dnllwoy workshops of New
South Wales.    That strike was the
biggest we  had ever had  Jn Australia, and It went hard with many
of Lhe unions, but it defeated Tay-
lorism   and   prevented   Its   being
adopted in Australia,    ll was Holman, too, who tried to introduce a j
Sedition Bill, which not only provided   penalties   for   sedition,   but
aimed at disfranchising people for
periods of from four to ten years
as well.    It was also Holman who
tried   to   prevent   tlie   Board   of
Trade's living wage judgment from
coming into operation by introducing   a   bill   providing   that   single
men without dependents should be
made  to work  for a  lower  wage
than married men—but which was
defeated because even his own capitalistic supporters hadn't the stomach to Aland up to lt.    It was
Holman, too, who refused to denl
witli profiteering, and actually nllowed the profiteers to make enormous rake-offs from  the  general
public of New South Wales, and
legalized their actions by acts of
parliament after the robbery  had
been Committed,'  During his three
years of ofllce, bread actually in-
1 creased Just 100 per cent., while at
the time of writing he has allowed
the   sugar   profiteers   to   store   up
(heir   sugar,   preventing   It   going
into thc retail shops for sale at 7
cents por pound until the government had fixed a selling price of
12 fonts pei" pound.   That rake-off
alono put millions of dollars into
the pockets of the profiteers.
Loses Thirty Supporters,
Was   it   any   wonder   then, von
March 20, when the general elections took place, the Holman government   was   gloriously   defeated
by an enraged democracy.   Of his
Tig supporters of threo years ago,
hut barely 28 have struggled back
again.   Thirty followers of Holman
havo gone by the board.    Holman
himsolf  has  been   defeated  in  his
own      constituency—receiving      a
staggering   blow   from   which   he
never recovered.    In not a single
one of thu :t. polling booths in his
electorate did he score a majority
of   thc  voles..   The   Labor   candidates ngainst him scored all along
the line and left him well behind In
the flu/il count.    Nearly every one
of  his  ministers wero  defeated—i
several   are   not   yet   out   of   the,
woods,  and  but  two  or three  of,
them are safe at the time of writ- ,
Ing.    Another feature of tho eelc-1
tion  was the  wholesale slaughter ,
of the renegades who with him de-
gerted   from   the  Labor  camp   In'
181(1  and  went over  to  the  reac-j
tlonarles.     But  a  handful   of lhe .ngainst high price'
original 21—not more than 5 or fl
—have survived the election.   ThlB,
at least is poetic justice, In a word,
thc result of the election has been
a wholesale repudiation of the Holman anti-Lilbor government by the
people of Nov,' South Wales.
roportionul Representation,
rooms and with limited funds.
Their members are the salt of the
earth. But the world refuses to be
salted. The "Man in the Street"
remains today in the Street, and of
the Street. He hns been scattered
all over the world. He has seen,
with the Psalmist of old, the works
of the Lord and His wonders in the
deep. He has endured unspeakable
suffering and looked Into the face
of Death. Now he has returned-
such is the verdict—and Into the
Street again. The painter who is
desultory redecorating your house,
reveals in conversation that he
fought with beasts in Asiu. The
man who arrives suddenly on summons to repair your water supply
announces on examination—and
after being questioned—that he
was "gassed" In the Salient. The
fisherman In a half-alive sea coast
village wUl tell you how he served
in a mine-sweeper off the coasts of
Palestine.
Our people have gone out Into
this adventure in the most remarkable mental migration the world
has ever seen—from Hoxton to
Archangel or Manchester to Bog-
dad. They have come back and the
future has soldered up with the
past, omitting the experience of
that time as a dream when one
auaketh or a tale that Is told.
Everyone prophesied what he
would do when he "came home."
fcach prophet asserted that he
would do exactly what he desired.
When he "eame home" he had no
wish to do anything except what he
did when he went away—only perhaps a little more so. He will pack
In twice the number of spectators
at double the fee; he will attend
mid-week matches as well as those
on Saturday afternoons, and in such
numbers as to cause consternation
to the business mon of great cities
lest a cup-tie or an important
league match be fixed In their district. In Sunderland they computed
that some £100,000 was lost to
trade and Industry by such disaster
—a match fixed on a full working
day. He will work, and Indeed be
glad to find a "place" kept open
for him, and he Is working to the
extent of many millions today. But
he is not going to damage himself
with work, after his experience of
war; and neither on time work with
special rntes for overtime nor on
piece-work in whieh by extra, effort
he can earn extra wages, can he be
cajoled to increase hia income, by
unusual energy. For the rest, the
cinemas flourish, "Chu Chin Chow"
attains its fourth or fifth year of
continuous performance, ' and
"Charley's Aunt" is revived for the
five hundredth time. Complaints
and insufficient
houses and demand for increased
wages decide elections and exercise
the minds of men. While outside
those Islands, Kurope perishes, and
plague and famine stalk through
the      nations.      Meanwhile      the
treme endurance of suffering, who
rekindled the great wars after the
thirty years' silence which succeeded Waterloo. And so may be the
history of Britain at least, lf not
Europe, in lack of a conscious will
and self-determination towards
ideal alms. For war does not
breed Ideals either during its duration or when lt ls over. Thus it
would appear that the sole result of
each world catastrophe may be to
produce material hunger, but in no
respect moral change. It was after
the forecast of a cosmic upheaval,
when Uie stars had fallen from
heaven like untimely fruit and the
sun bcen turned Into darkness and
the moon Into blood, and this followed by a New Heaven and a New
Earth, that the author of the Apocalypse issued his strange challenge. He that is unjust, let him
be unjust Btlll; and he wliich it-
filthy, let him bc filthy still; and he
that ls righteous, let hini be
righteous still. That—according to
this testimony—is the condition of
England a year after the last shot
has been fired in the Great War.
One may, perhaps, agree with
much of this diagnosis without accepting its pessimistic conclusions.
The men who thought that ordinary folk could be frightened into
organization against war by fear of
the consequences of any future conflict were similar to those who in
all ages havo thought thnt people
could be frightened into an austere
morality by fear of unending torture. There were a few in each
case to whom the appeal came
home. In the old days trod thc
primrose path to tho everlasting
bonfire heedless of ascetic preaching or hopeful that at the last
aomethlng would turn up to avert
Its application to them. And so
the majority today have gone back
to the only life .they have evor
known, nud leave the ardent few
to preach to an absent audience of
the things which belong to their
peace. It is a good-tempered English crowd, after all, which has forgotten the tragedy of dead comrades and the misery of trench
warfare, In the excitement of witnessing one team of hirelings beat
another on a Saturday afternoon.
It is a good-tempered English family thnt delights In the balcony in
the rough humors of "Charley's
Aunt," and prefers it to a "prob-
leih play." No race in the world
has been so successful as the British In putting "realities" aside, and
refusing to face facts wliiclf might
paralyze action. And that was ns
true before the exporienco of the
war as today. "Wc havo but reverted to type. "The French succeed In doing it," sgys a charactor
in one of Mr. Galsworthy's early
novels, "and tho Itussinns: Why
shouldn't we?" To which conies
the reply of the true Briton;
"What's right Cor the French and
Russians is wrong for its. When
wc begin to be real we only really
begin to bo false. Isn't lifo bad
enough already?" "There seemed."
says tho narrator, "a touching muddle In his optimism—a muddle of
tenderness and of   intolerance    of
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE SHOE STORE FOR MEN IN THB
„ .WEST
This Is One of the
Popular Styles
$10
of the genuine calf, goodycar
welted shoes in a rich dark
brown or toney red, we
are selling at the old
price.    Over
40 styles to
choose from.
Cornett.Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
33—HASTINOS STREET EAST—33    '»",r*
clHlrcti  preaches tlio need for the I,    .,        , , ,      ,   ,
Chflstlanlmtion of Japan in orderl!L1:"!,0"-,,..?.c<:'0,'tlmn?0,'ne8s'   V11"?
The elections wore held  on the   to  avert another   war,   Christians
system of proportional representation. The anti-Labor government
thought that by the introduction
of this system, doubtless taking a
leaf out of tho book of "Tiger" Clemenceau in France, the Labor
Party would be confounded at the
polls. But it aws not so. From
the time the new system became
known, Labor men and women
applied themselves to the task of j
fully understanding it, and work- j tronieiit settle
ing nut prospective tickets as lo p
which* way the votes could be dl-|fl
reeled to the best advaniage for '
Labor. Tlie result is that the voting systom has favored Labor, and
came back like a boomerang on
those who hoped by its introduction
to confound the Labor Party. The
state, instead of being elected on
the old system of 110 individual
seats, was elected on the hew system of nine SB-member seats, uud
fifteen 3-member seats. In all seats
the Labor candidates swung over
their quotas with ease, leaving tlie
reactionaries floundering in the
rear. The results to date. (March
29) aro Labor, 48; Conservatives,
"" Progressives,' 12; Independents,
2. Labor having a straight-cut
majority will form a government,
One feature of the election was tlie
routing of the Soldiers Parly—
every candidate. Including the lead
ton this comforting theory) never
waging war with each other.
There is much in such a picture
to Justify the taunt of a soldier who
had been lighting, in a recent remarkable lotter in thc Nation.
We%ho care for ideals—he asserted—such ideals as the Brotherhood
of Man, the duty of each to help
all, the determination that "never
again" shall a foul and brutal arbi-
international disputes,   aro   merely   flies   buzzing
gains^ a closed window. The result of war is not a determination
to destroy war. On the contrary it
feeds on its own memories. Thc
older men will soon be telling the
boys of their heroic deeds, done in
the lion above hlin, he seemed to
lbe defying Life to make him look
at her." The British nation today,
'like that Trafalgar Square lion, is
I "defying Life to make It look
her." It is 111 the same position
fan artisan who has struggled
through some dangerous disease, or
a city merchant ,who has had an
operation for peritonitis. Such men
are filled with queer thoughts as to
the meaning of life, and the object
of all their energies. But on recovery all such thoughts disappear.
Tlie one returns to his machine, thc
other to his merchandise; to take
up again life as they left it: the
only life they have ovor known. To-
i day the populace, seeking to forget,
demand bread and   games:    other
Cal-Van
Bright Yellow Sugar, 19c lb.; no limit; $18.50 per
^     100-lb. sack
Today's priee of Eastern Granulated is $26.50
per 100-lbs., f.o.b. cars in Vanoouver. We advised tho public two weeks ago that sugar will
go to 30c. Docs not this bear out our prediction.
Take our advice, buy yellow sugar now ami
make sure of your supply.
NOTIOE TO COUNTRY RESIDENTS AND CAMPERS
Tliis market now operates a mail order department
for the benefit of customers residing in the many camps
and in the country for tho summer season. All.advertised prices stand good for lliree days. Cash must accompany ordor and include freight where no agent resides. The management personally select thc goods aud
properly pack and deliver same f.o.b. rail or boat.
Make Sure of Your Weekly Supplies With Best Quality
and Lowest Prices
glasses moneymaking and accuniu-
enterprise which begins to stand ^ lation ol- g00(js: others dancing or
music, or consultation with wizards
and spirits or communion with thc
dead. The Idealist gazes with wonder and anger, the wise men with
pity and understanding. For lie
knows with Hamlet that man could
be bounded In a nutshell nnd count
himself a king of Infinite space,
wore it not that he has l|d
dreams. And now he is trying to
make tlich^ less bad.
nut, romantic nnd colored, amid the
drab days of peaee. France threw
up the sponge after twenty years
of fighting, "too fatigued," as Mar-
mo u'fc said in the crowning scene of
"L'AiglonV to the fiery non-commissioned oflicer of the Napoleonic
wars. But the reply of Flambeau
which recounted the amazing ten-
ty and endurance of tho French
armies as thoy spread over the
world, in desert thirst and northern
old, was the reply given by all the
veterans of the great army to a
Europe growing very speedily tired
suffering defeat. Plainly, New [of dull peace. It was not the men
South Wales has returned to sanity | who had no experience of suffering:
again. |It  was the men who had the ex-
ALL CABS PASS
OAL-VAN
OPPOSITE
PANTAGES
Intention of* tlie O. B, U. element
to sell tho Labor Temple and scatter the remaining International unions, because tlie receiver had refused to rent halls to the O. B. U.
"It is time we took some action
with this wobbly elementt" said
Showier. "We ought to crack them
up and crack thom up good, and
above all things take stops to preserve tho Labor Temple."
Referring to the action of tin
provincial government In appointing J. H. McVety to attend the Ottawa conference, and the article it
the Federationist In condemning
the action, Delegate Mrs. Fern snid
that it was a good boost for McVety and moved that tlio appointment be endorsed. The motion ua;
carried.
How your clothes
can save you
money
Be sure they're of all-wool fabrics; Well
tailored; stylish; correct in fit. Pay
enough to get all that; then take care of
then:
•IF YOU BUY
CLOTHES
YOUR SATISFACTION
IS ASSURED
Thos. Foster & Co-Ltd
514 Granville Street
Ought to Crack Up Wobbly Element Says
Showier
At the regular meeting of the International Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council held in tlie Labor
Templo on Thursday evening, the
delegate from the Bakery '.Salesmen,
referring to the strike of the Bakery and Confectionery Workers' union, stated that tho Bakery Salesmen had recently had their agreement signed by the bosses, giving
them on increase of $5.00 por week,
and when the bakers wont out on
strike the union telegraphed lo the
International offlce to lind out what
action the Bakery Salesmen should
take, if' strike-breakers were" employed. A reply was received in
forming the union that thc men
wore to remain at work nnd live up
to their agreement with thc master
bakers. "This," the delegate replied, "we Intend to do and all our
men are at work."
A communication from the AVinnipeg Trades aud Labor Conncil
informing the council of the formation of a separate defense committee was endorsed. Another communication from thc Defense Committee referring ,to this communication and action as a piece of
hyprocrisy and stating that the Winnipeg T. & L. C. had no backing
in that city even from the remaining International Unions, was tiled.
lleoji Cutters proposed wage
scale for a minimum of $37.50 was
endorsed.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
successfully negotiated a new wage
scale. Reports that the Milk Wagon Drivers are going on strike is
not true, said the delegate from
that union.
Brewery Workers have received
an increase   of   $2.50   per   week.
Bonk Clerks ore being organized.
Referring to the proposed sale of
the Labor Temple, Delegates Showier said that it appeared to bo tho
C. D. Bruce Closes
His Sale Saturday
He bought the Jonah-Prat Oo. stock and will
carry oh the business—bnt he's clearing- out all
he can.
Mr. Bruce put on a sale for two weeks—it  .
ends Saturday.
THE   PRICES   ON   SUITS   HAVE   BEEN
FURTHER REDUCED FOR THIS LAST DAY
 Suits	
For the last (lay Mr. Bruce lms nit lhe
price on suds still lower than they were.
. llo wants lu clear out us many us possible.
One group includes a grent number of
staple patterns, conservative models—
business suits. Worth $32.50 and $35.00.
Saturday _00  TK
©nly VAAt / O
The next lot nre the Jonah-Prat Co.'s
$40 and $46 sluts. They were splendid
values at thoir prices. On Saturday Mr.
Bruce is selling them ^QQ   CA
All other Suits are reduced In the same
proportions. Bluo serges, 4»yf Q BA
reg. $70, for  $'r<7eOU
$1.95
All overalls left
In stock go nt..
Tou   know  what a   pair   of
Standard make Overalls art
worth today.
Odd and brokon lines of
Arrow Collars—most of thenpj
are good styles—
V    20c euch   vl
CD. Bruce
Successor to Jonah-Prat Co.
Cor. Hastings and Homer Sts.

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