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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 11, 1921

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political oNitT; vicwst
~ $2^0 PER YEAR
Pressure on Germany Not for Indemnity Bat for
Other Objects—Usual Press Propaganda Indicates
That Something Unusual Is Anticipated—,
Final Fight of Capitalism to Be
Fought in Europe
C.MING EVENTS east their
shadows before them, and
. there are many lengthy shadows today In Europe, judging
from the press reports as to events <
Whloh are taking place ln that part
of the world, which appears to be
destined to be the final battle!
ground, on whieh the old order
will, fight the laat flght tor lta retention of power. While mueh is
■aid about making Germany pay,
the allied statesmen, who have the
advice of many economists who,
while they do not say so, understand Marxian economics, must
know that It Is Impossible for Germany to pay the Indemnity which
they are Informing the people of
the allied countries will and must
be paid.
Coupled with the German In-1
demnfty question; and even given
more prominence In the past week
by the capitalistic press, Is the
news, or propaganda, that has appeared with respect to Soviet Russia. If the allied statesmen realize
that Germany can never pay, It is
safe to assume that the pressure
that Is being brought to bear on
Germany has another meaning
than the one that appeara on the
surface of things. Dispatches from
Warsaw Indicate that the Poles
are not breaking off negotiations
with Soviet Russia, and that the
stories of Insurrections In Russia
are being largely exaggerated for
some particular purpose.
The Jewish Pograin
The proof of the pudding Is said
to be ln the oatlng, and the so-
called news about revolts against
Thousands of Idle Workers Gather at Cambie
Street Grounds
Sam Guthrie Praised for
His Stand at
Those comrades who, at the
Cambie street meeting on Sunday,
became momentarily excited at
finding a reporter ln the crowd, unostentatiously jotting down a few
particulars, were probably forgetful, for the moment, that The B. G.
Federatlonist aims to be ln the real
sense a newspaper, and that lt must
therefore have Its own reporters In
the Aold ln order to All the bill and
give first hand, ungarbled and adequate accounts of current happen,
ings. Also thut a reporter may obviously have perfectly good and
sufficient reasons for preferring to
work "Incognito," and keeping out
of the limelight as far as possible,
Nuff sed!
Once again, on Sunday afternoon,
the long procession of Vancouver's
dnemployed traversed the principal streets of the elty ln silent par-
ide—without bands or banners,
Disturbance of disorder, but with
the grim seriousness of men compelled to face a grimly serious situation. At Cambie street they mas-
Bed themselves solidly to the number of, apparently, several thousands, and In spite of the cold, gave
eager attention to the consideration
of the various proposals put forward, listening also with similar
eagerness to the added remarks of
Speakers who, from their Intensive
Itudy of economics, were tn a position to point to the real significance of the situation which has
forced Itself so Irresistibly and In
ivltably on the attention of even
the most unwilling.
The Rock Pilo
The main proposal was that they
ihould call another meeting within
14 hours, march to the city hall,
and demand relief without the existing contract requiring strenuous
labor on the rock pile for a limited
pittance. An amendment was,
however, substituted and carried,
fixing Tuesday afternoon for tho
carrying out of this programme In
ease the relief were refused, as
Chairman J. G. Smith at once pre
llcted lt would be,
The next motion was that, In the
ivent of men on the rock pile go-
big on strike, the others employed
on relief work should do likewise,
This was endorsed bo promptly that
the ohalrman remarked cheerfully
sn the despatch with which they
oould do things "on Sunday;" hut
Comrade Kavanagh wanted to
know whether they were leaving It
to the oommlttee or going to do
the job themselves. "If you vote
on this, support lt by action. On
Tuesday afternoon, see you are
here to make your protest an effective ono."
Comrade Smith added/ that, of
course, If they were there just to
talk ahout It, they were just wasting time; and a comrade at the
rear called out: "If you are not
ready to stand fast through thick
and thin, for God's sake keep your
hand down."
{Continued on wn I)
the Bolsheviki regime must be
taken with a pinch of salt Only
very recently one of the local dallies came out with headlines
stretching across the front page
which read aa follows: "One Thousand Jews Killed In Pogroms Carried Out by Reds." The news item
which this headline was supposed
to represent reads as follows:
'London, Feb. 26.—More than
one thousand Jews were victims
of pogroms carried out by the
troops of Gen, Balakovitch, former
anti-Bolshevik leader ln the regions of Hinsk and Hamel, according to a statement Issued today by
the federation of Ukrainian Jews
In London.
The pogroms were of a terrible
character, It ls declared, women
being mistreated and tortured and
children being murdered in cold
The headline referred to would
Indicate that the pogrom was the
work of the Soviet or Bolshevik
regime white, as a matter of foot,
Balachowltch was and Is an ally
of Pllsudskl, the Polish ally of all
the anti-Bolshevik powers, and particularly of France. His activities
ln white terrorism are well known,
and he himself acted as an executioner of those supposed to be Boi
sheviki sympathisers, and to accuse the Reds with the crimes of
this Inhuman monster la only In
line with the other "news" that
from timo to time appears In the
capitalistic press.
Kerensky Again
Press Items state that Kerensky
Is In charge of tht counter revolutionary forces In Russia, and It Is
a well known fact that Kerensky
haa been operating In France with
the so-called constituent assembly
that was formed there some time
ago, and which consists of Russian emigres with anti-Bolshevist
sympathies, and ln view of the fact
that French officers were the lead-
era In the Polish onslaught on Soviet Russia, aud that the allies were
behind the Polish venture, It Is
quite logical to suppose that there
ls some sinister motive behind the
press propaganda that ls being
carried on at this time. One significant factor Is that on the 7th of
January, Russian 1919 external
bonda were quoted on the New
Tork'stock exchange at 12 cents
bid; later they rose to 14 cents,
but by March 1 these same bonds
had dropped to 91-2 cents. On
March 2 reports of an alleged outbreak In Petrograd appeared and
by March 4 these same bonds were
quoted at 14 cents,
Were It not for the pressure that
Is being brought tn bear on Ger-
(Continued on page 2)
Capitalism Nears Its End,
Last Sunday's Speakers Claimed
A good audience assembled at
the Empress last Sunday evening
to hear the case for the working
elass, as presented by the Socialist
Party of Canada.
The two speakers wero S. Earp
and J. F. Smith. After a short Introductory address by Chairman
McPherson, the flrst speaker, Comrade Earp was called upon.
Briefly analyzing the world situation, and emphasizing certain
distinctive features, he referred to
the inability of the workers to do
anything for themselves, at the
preaent time, atter having shown
such remarkable ability to do so
much, during the past few years,
for that other section of society
who have the privilege of being
exempt from toll.
Also, the fact, that the mass of
the common people, although denied of a guarantee of the material necessities of life, also largely denied access to the sources of
light and learning and the satisfying comforts of modern civilisation,
yet do not took upon this condition
with anything but mild curiosity.
Their great desire Is for a revival of Industry and commerce, so
that they may be furnished with
work. But lt would seem that tho
great drama of capitalism is about
played to a finish. For the productive power of the modern
wealth producers, the wage slaves
of capitalism Is so great ahd the
ability of capitalist society to dispose of Its wealth Is so small, that
the foundation of modern life ls In
serious danger of collapse. The
capitalist system of wealth production Is based upon wage labor, and
the working class are rapidly being forced Into the position where
they are denied the opportunity of
working for wages. While the
wage slaves are clamoring for a
sale of their labor power, the slave
masters are clamoring for an opportunity to sell those things which
that labor power has produced.
And both masters and slaves are
wondering how best they can continue their existence. Rapidly
sketching the economic position of
the workers, and showing by Illustration that the essential things of
life were accomplished by their
efforts, the speaker went on to
(Continued on page I)
"Getting Dfe to Work"
NOW they are getting down to it. The workers are at last waking np to the fight that mnst be waged if the
working-class press is to be maintained, they liave at last realized that it is a fight for existence and are
rallying to the aid of the Federationist. The Stfeet Ea1 lwaymen, the Sailors, the Plasterers, the Oil Workers,
thc Longshoremen, Miners and all kinds of workers are;getting in to dig up the money that must be raised if the
Federationist is to exist.
T. B. Roberts of Sandon sent in $47.50 for subs this Week and $37.00 towards the maintenance fund. The Oil
Workers' Union contributed $25. The Plasterers' Union las donated $10, and these are only small unions and individual members of these organizations are also contributing, and individuals in all parts of the country are sending in their donations to help swell the total. Many organizations are appointing committees to carry on the drive.
Th- Junior Labor League ls holding a dance, the proceeds to be handed over to the Federationist. The worigng
class political parties are also doing thoir share toward* raising sufficient money to secure the continuation of the
Prosier Labor Paper of Canada, and if the workers only realize that the appeal has been made, not because of any
whim, but out of sheer necessity and in order that the paper may be kept going, then there will be even a greater
and more prompt response than has already been made. The fight is one that the workers must assume and, judging from the returns in the past week, the men and women of the working class are realizing that the campaign is
one for existence. Now is the time! The money is needed! Now is the time to get down to work.
Federated  Labor. Party,
Gives Meeting to the
A. S. Wells and J. W.
Logie Will Also
The meeting of the Federated
Labor Party which was held last
Sunday In the- Columbia Theatre
was well attended, and many were
turned away. Tom Richardson was
the speaker. He discussed the
world situation, particularly dealing with the unemployed, and, referring- to the local situation, he
deplored the fact that the employed did not seem concerned with
the, unemployed workers.
He pointed out that until the
workers both ln the Industrial and
political arenas Informed themselves of world conditions and
united Irrespective of trades, and
come together as a united party
with decided policy, things are
bound to go from bad to worse.
Unemployment will increase, he
said, until all the organizations
would be broken up, and It was a
decided move on the part of the
employing class to compel the unemployed to take the Jobs of those
who now held' them, at reduced
wages, and therefore, If the env
ployed would conserve their own
position, then they must Join with
the unemployed to secure common
At the regular business meeting
of the Federated Labor Party held
on March 1st, lt was decided to
have the meeting at the Columbia
Theatre on Sunday, March 13, devoted to the Interests of the Federationist—all money collected
aftor the payment of expenses to
be turned over to the paper. The
members of the party took the
position that as the Federationist
was a working-class paper, they
must get behind lt. A. S. Wells has
been Invited to take the platform
on behalf of the paper, while R. P.
Pettipiece will be the principal
speaker, and will deal with tho
press. J. W. Logie of Summer-
land, a sturdy supporter of the
Federatlonist, will also take tho
Ladysmith, South Wellington and Nanaimo Are
Boosting the Fed.
Three meetinga wero held on
Vancouver Island last week-end, at
which The Federatlonist was given
a boost All three meetings were
addressed by the Labor members
of the Provincial Legislature, who
gave a resume of the work done by
them In the house. At the Lady
smith meeting, held on Saturday
night, the balance of the collection,
after the expenses of the meeting
were paid, waa given to The Federatlonist Maintenance Fund this
fund being swelled to the extent
of $6.50. The members of the
Women's Labor League sold a centre-piece by auction at this meeting, and another $10.25 was raised
for The Federation by thts means.
At the meeting held in South
Wellington on Sunday afternoon,
the sum of $6 was raised.
On Sunday night, there was a
big meeting ln Nanaimo, at which
700 people were present. All three
Labor members took ths platform
at this meeting, and T. A. Barnard
also spoke. The collection taken
for The Federatlonist amounted to
$33.06. In addition to the collections taken at thc meetings, com
mlttees have been formed at eaoh
of the places mentioned, for the
purpose of raising funds, the women's organizations are also taking
their part of this work. Many
subscriptions are coming from
Vancouver Island, and T. A. Barnard Is especially active In rustling
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Unemployed Committee Is
Received With
A moss meeting of the unemployed was held on Cambie street
grounds on Tuesday, to discuss lbe
question.of the "rook pile." At
Sunday's meeting, It had been decided that the men would select a
committee and parade to the eity
hall, the committee would- thim
present the workers' ease, to the
civic authorities. On Tuesday jthel
whole matter was again discussed,'
and It was decided that a committee only.would be sent, and Messrfe.
Blanchard, Kavanagh and McCiu;-
ragh and Smith were selected.as
tho committee. .     J V1
This committee then left ihe
meeting, which comprised Borte
2500 men and women, and proceed*
ed to lhe relief department, when
they were informed by one of the
officials, "that men were given their
choice as to whether they, desired
to break rock or do other work.?
At the relief department,, the com*
mittee were Informed that the aldermen were ready to receive them
at the city hall, and to the city hall
they went. -i
On entering the outer doors, they
found that the police were very
much In evidence; inspectors, sergeants and detectives were lined up'
the stairway and on entering the
council chamber, a couple of detectives were noticed on the front line
McCurrogh, Kavanagh and Smith
presented the caae for the men,
and the matter was discussed at
some length, and despite the efforts
of the deputation, the aldermen
decided that the rock pile would
stand. Their decision was reported to the meeting,, and on motion,
lt was decided that the men would
break the rock, but would not bind
themselveB to break the four yards
ln two days.
Widespread  Poverty in
Ireland—30,000 in
Belfast, Ireland—An appeal to
American Labor for the starving
workers of Belfast and their dependents, has been Issued by a Joint
committee representing the Belfast
Labor Party, and the Belfast
Trades Union Council. Since the
Roman Catholic shipyard workers
were driven from their employment by force last July, some 30,-
000 men, women and children have
been dependent upon charity. Officials of the Labor organizations
signing the appeal are for the most
part Protestants.
In the last six months the expelled workers and their dependents
have been maintained through contributions , received largely from
Labor groups In Ireland, England
and Scotland. Large sums have
been raised among Irish workers,
whose wages average about $10.00
weekly. In all, about $600,000 has
been distributed. Widespread unemployment In England and Increasingly serious condltlona in Ireland have ended hope of further
contributions from this source,
. A delegation of relief workers,
consisting of members of the American Soolety of Friends is In Ireland, sent by the American committee for relief In Ireland, This
delegation has found families of
expelled workers, numbering five
to nine persons, subsisting on one
pound ($4) a week, doled out by
the local committee. Their rent
■and coal cost about $2 per family,
J paving a similar amount for food,
.hey were living almost exclusively on bread and tea, with an occasional plate of soup.
mm m
New  Westminster   Also
Turns in Its Charter
and Affiliates
The newly organized Canadian
Society of Certified Steam . and,
Hoisting Engineers held a very enthusiastic meeting ln its new headquarters at 152 Hastings St. W.,
last Tuesday evening. Business
Agent Russell says that about 600
of the membership of the old International has taken its stand with
the new organization and New
Westminster with about 100 members has also turned In Its charter
and will affiliate with the new organisation. Russell Is also of the
opinion that tho members In
Prince Rupert and Victoria will
also make the same move, Inasmuch ob delegates from these
places who attended the meeting
favored the change.
The organization has been incorporated and wilt extend Its scope
across the Dominion. This Is quite
possible, says Russell "because of
the dissatisfaction with thc administrative policy of the International
Unton of Steam and Operating Engineers."
Women's Auxiliary O. B. U.
The regular meeting of the
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. U.
will meet ln Pendor Hall this
(Friday) evening.
Tommy Barnard picks up one or
two subs, every day over on Vancouver Islnnd. Talk about The
Federatlonist.   Boost it.
Farmer-Labor Group in
,j House Make Strong
Class lines ln the Legislature
wore clearly drawn a few days beforo the release of the Winnipeg
strike victims, when the Farmer-
Labor groups united and fought
the Issuet of the general striko over
again In a five days' debate which
preceded a voto calling for tho unconditional release of tho elected
strike spokesmen. The combined
fQCCes of thc Conservative and Norris (Liberal) group could muster
only 26 votes to offset the 22 votos
cast by the Farmer-Labor group.
The arrival of tho three Labor-
ItoH found guilty on charges of conspiring to ovorthrow the government may moan a legislative vote of
Want of confidence in the Norris
administration nnd another general
Before making a purcliasc, look
np our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of them,
anil by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
The Federatlonist wants to have
the largest circulation of any paper
ln British Columbia by the end of
this year. Help us get It. Tackle
your neighbor for a subscription.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self Determination League.
WEDNESDAY —Trades and Labor Council.
THURSDAY — Plasterers Laborers and Dance
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
Dominion   Labor   Pai'ty
Censures Bayley and
Labor Legislators Deny
Cleavage in Their
The Winnipeg branch of the Dominion Labor Party recently cen-
sured F. J. Dfxon and W. D. Bay-
ley, members of the Provincial
Legislature, for breaking away
from the party, and forming the
Independent Labor Party. The
break was caused during the municipal elections, because Dixon,
Bayley and others objected to the
party nominating Hoop, who had
violently opposed the progressive
Labor movement of that city, for
The censure was published ln the
Western Labor News, and the two
men were further attacked tn an'
editorial. This attack has brought
forth the following statement from
the rest of the Labor members of
the Provincial Legislature, with the
exception of the other three who
were still in jail at the time. The
Btatement says:
"Certain statements have appeared ln the Western Labor News
with the obvious Intention of
creating an Impression ln the pub
He mind that there Is a cleavage
In the group of Labor members of
the Manitoba Legislature, and such
statements, containing unwarranted
aspersions upon the loyalty and integrity of F. J, Dixon and W. D.
"We, the undersigned members
of tho Legislature, desire hereby
to re-affirm our confidence in F. J.
Dixon as leader of the Labor group
and In W. D. Bayley as a colleague,
and to assure the supporters of
Labor throughout tho Province that
tho Labor members nro working
ln entire harmony for the„princl-
pies we are sent here to advocate.'
Sinned, Chas. A. Tanner, O. H. Palmer, M. J, Stan li ridge, A. E. Smith
and A. E. Moore."
When there ls a flght on the mnn
who gets In nnd digs Is thc one that
we like. Get In now and dig, by
pntronlzlng Tlie FederntfonlHt advertisers.
O. B. U. in Los Angeles
Centre of Active Labor
The One Big Union In Los An
geloB ls planning a spring drive for
members. Starting Thursday evon
ing, March 9, educutional meetings
will bo held In O. B. U. hall, 210
Germain building, 224 South Spring
street, and every Thursday thereafter. At a meeting last Monday,
the workers proved that they wero
anxious for education by jamming
the hall to capacity.
At the prosont time the carpenters and painters are busy rearranging and enlarging the hall and
Improving It generally. The hall
here Is rapidly becoming the head
quarters for all the progressive
movements In this city.
The workers are showing that
they are dissatisfied with the old
organizations, but many are be
wllderod as to where to go for relief. The Interest of the unemploy
ed Is especially k«en and the demands for llteraluro are greater
than we can supply. Every condl
tton points to a landslide to the O.
B. U. as soon as the unemployed
situation Improves,
While May Pay has been net as
thc (dosing date for tho raising of
$5,000 Mr the Ferierntlon 1st, It
Hlioiild bo understood tlmt we need
Just a fow copies of that remark
able book "Red Kurope" left. Rush
In your order. Fifty cents, postpaid from this oflico.
Harrington and Kavanagh Urge Workers to Support
Working Class Press—Good Collection Taken
for the Federationist—Speakers Show
How Press Is Dictated to by
H Ruling Class
der HaU last week-end, a full
house gave the keenest attn-
tlon while Comrades Harrington
and Kavanagh dealt with the existing situation of the publlo press,
and the tactics of the master class
tn the control and use thereof.
Comrade J. G, Smith occupied
the chair, and ultllised a short interval between the two addresses
tn urging the workers to contribute
to the support of The Federatlonist, as an independent working-
class paper, instead of parting with
their dollars for a football competition as they Intended to do.
"The Federatlonist can get the
$5000 ft wants without asking you
for it," he said; "we are going to
gel this $6000 from the workers ln
order that we can give the workers
the goods they need."
Meanwhile, a collection, which
amounted to $78.10 was taken
up. At the close of the meeting,
there were various questions, and
some amount of discussion.
' Comrade Harrington, who spoke
flrst, dealt ln detail with certain
phases of the magaslne enterprise
In recent years, especially in connection with a certain now notorious railroad In the Eastern States.
When a particular magazine lent
Itself to boost this railway, the Interests behind the railway bought
copies of the magazine by the thousand and paid fancy prices for a
few pages of print; when an editor
took the opposite course, his bankers refused him credit, although
Bradstreet reported him good for
They Will Break Us
"We have Information from Wall
Street," they told him, "that lf we
give you any assistance whatever,
they will break us." Not oven his
friends dared to come to his assistance; consequently he was forced
out and left penniless. Thus this
particular railroad showed it could
strangle any Individual who attempted to inform the public what
a rotten condition the line was in.
"There's the position of the
magazines," said Cormade Harrington; "the newspaper position is
precisely the same." They lied In
calling themselves newspapers;
they were nothing else but an advertising medium.
"There Is no news tn newspapers that the individuals who control the destinies of this country
don't want to have," he continued.
As a case In point, there was.a
strike tn Australia at the same
time as the Winnipeg strike; but
there was no mention of tt ln tho
Canadian papers. As to Russia, lf
alt the pestilences, revolutions,
carnages and so forth, reported by
Delegates    to   Workers
Council Score Labor
At the regular meeting of the
General Workers Unit 0f the O. B.
U., held on Wednesday evening
the delegates to the Workers Council reported on the unemployed
(situation, The delegates stated
that the civic authorities had re
tuned to change the policy with re
spect to rock breaking, and the
men had decided to return to that
work, but would not guarantee to
break thc specified amount as a
day's work. Thoy also scored Aid.
Scribbens for his attitudo during
the meeting between the city authorities and the committee, representing the unemployed, ono delegato stated thut his efforts were so
great that ho did hot even know
that he was prosent at tlie meeting
until aftor It was over; Intimating that by what he had suid no
one would have ever known that
he was a Labor alderman. t
Tho committeo appointed to assist in the campaign for funds for
Tho Federationist reported progress, and that a largo number of
receipt cards wero now In circulation, and somo monoy already
turned In.
A motion calling for the appointment of a committee to arrange
for a mass meeting of all O. B. U.
members In thia city and district,
with the object of discussing the
formation of a central fund and
council was adopted, the date of
the meeting will bo announced
The question of.,a reduction of
wages In tho building trades was
discussed, on correspondence from
the two carpentors' organizations In
tho city being read. It wus decided
that aM membors working In this
Industry should attend the meeting
called by thrt international unions,
to be hold on Thursday evening.
Delegates were appointed to attond the meeting called for Friday
night for the purpose of arranging
a demonstration on the return of
W. A. Pritchard, who will arrive
tn Vancouver on Sunday, April 3.
L. Gamer of Port Moody told us
tho othor dny thnt ha thought ho
could got some subs. If we supplied
him with the cards. He got ten
yearly subs, the next duy. Tou
try It.
Patronise Fed Advertisers
the papers had really happened,
they would no longer need to Ad*
vertize Russia aa a menace to civilisation."
Going lo Live At Any Cost
Tbe fact was, the newspapermen
were going to live, if lt cost svery
vestige of manhood that wu 111
them; and they could not publish
the truth about Russia and Uvs,
They have no means of providing
for their paper bill, wage bill, interest on capital Invested, etc.; on
the Ave cents or so they charge,
they can't begin to do It' Thsy
have to depend on advertising."
Citing local examples, the speaker figured how msny hundred dollars per day It must cost a department store to run a two-page ad.,
at the same rates as were charged
the workers for an announcement
oosupying a tm/ Inches, He also
figured what would happen If ths
sheets running such ads should call
attention to a breach of the law by
the advertising firm, such as had
reeently been alleged Ih a local instance. He prophesied that not
even the Vaneonver rainfall would
be published ln future in the local
papers, for fear of offending real
estate merchants and the like.
Dominated by Advertisers
"That Is the position the news--
papers are in; they are absolutely
dominated by the advertisers," he
insisted.    And  The  Federationist,
under present conditions, was In,
the same position; lt could only
live on its advertising.   The Western Clarion maintained Itself, how
(Continued on page •)
Guthrie's   Motion   Does
Not Get Action from
Says Unemployed Have
Been Helped—Would
Repeat the Dose
8am Guthrie's motion deal nig
with unemployment ln British Columbia was practically shelved lost
week. The resolution committee
changed the original motion. Guthrie's motion was:
"That this committee rise and
report, recommending that the
government give Its earnest und Immediate consideration to the acute
problem of unemployment In the
Province, with a view to relieving
the same,"
The resolution committee finally
reported the following motion:
That all the words of the resolution after the word "report" bs
struck out, and the following words
substituted: "That this committee
approves of the relief measures
adopted by the government tn dealing with unemployment, and
pledges its support to the government In respect to such further
measures as may bo necessary for
the government to take In dealing
with the present unemployment
This motion meant to Infer that
the government had aided the un-
employed and the committee was
satisfied that It had done all In ttl
power. This resolution was adopt,
cd on tho following division:
Yens—23:. Clerlhue, Jackson.
Paterson, Perry, Yorston, MacDonald, K. C, Anderson, Sutherland, Mncdonatd, M. A., King, Oliver, Sloan, Ramsay, Hunnlgcr, Kergin, Mackenzie, I. A., Pauline,
Uuckham, Whiteside, Barrow, Hurt,
Patullo, MacLean,
Nays—19: Hanes, Neelands, Guthrie, Uphill, McRae, Cathcrwood,
Pearson, McDonald, A., Ealing,
Schofleld, Duncan, Burde, Hunter,
Hlnchll'ffo, Lister, McKenzie, W.
A., Jones,  BowBer, Rose.
Tom Uphill's motion to "Amend
the Conl Mines Regulation Act,"
was ruled out of order on the
grounds that tho Lieutenant-Governor had. In his speech at tho opening of tho session, mado tho statemont thnt amendments to thn Coal
Mines Regulation Act would be Introduced at this session, and thnt it
was not "competent for a private
member to introduce legislation
encroaching upon or Interfering
With the policy of the crown ns Indicated in His Honor's speech."
Women's Help Wanted
Women workers In the Vancouver Labor movemont are Invited to
bring along a cake or pie In connection with the big whist drive
and dance which Is to be held for
the benefit uf the B. C. Federatlonist In the Pender HaU, Friday,
March 25,
Some merchants In town do not
think your ciMom fs much ut*.* tu
them, or 'thoy would advertise their
wares Iu The Fedorationist to Benin' your trude. Remember thli
when you nre about to mako n purchase B\GBTWO
thirteenth tbab. no. t    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAT. —.-.... M*reh 11, 1121
You can't hide the gaps
of missing teeth
THE loss is plainly written on your face—in
your features—by unnatural appearance—
due to the lack of support given by the original
teeth. The proper replacement of a back tooth is
just as important as if it were visible. My
method of tooth replacement is a marvel of dentat
construction; it so closely matches the original
teeth that the lines of feature are made perfectly
natural. Let me explain the wonderful results
possible by Expression Work.
Corner Seymour
Office Open Tuesday ana Friday
i   Evenings
Protest Made
Against Rock Pile
(Continued from page 1)
X-Bay Diagnosis
Uy office ii completely
equipped with the most modern X-Ray facilities. This
method of diagnosis means
quicker, more efficient and
comfortable treatment, and it.
has the certain ty whieh
thoughtful people demand.
DR.  BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of the Faculty of tht
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Opera*
tire Dentistry, Local and General Anaesthesia.
This is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
#5   British Columbia Federationitt  $%
*f2L—l$ tun acknowledgment that die Bearer hat con-
tribuled the sum of Five Dollara ($5.00) to aid io
wiping oui the indebtedness of the B. C. Federationist;
increaie iu field of operation,; defend Labor in the every
day struggle and to become a bigger and more powerful
aL    Workers' News aid Propaganda Paper    0_
ter Twenty Tears va ban Issued thli Union Stamp for an undtr oar
Peaceful CoUectivt Bargaining
Forbidi Both Strikes and Lockouts
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers and Publlo
Peace and Success to Workers and Employtn
Prosptrity of Shoo Making Communities
Aa loyal nnlon man ud women, wt ask
yon to demand shots bearing tht abort
Union Staiflp oh Sole, Insole or Lining.
Collli —titty, Qvwral Frwlfttat   Ob»rl„ L. Bain*, General Soc-Tma.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Planta
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Beads, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
it Hastings Btreet East 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymonr 988473 Seymour .513
The One Big Union
Published by tbe Winnipeg Central Labor Oouncll
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for nix month*
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to~
1IAR1IY WILLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, name address.
The I M.T. Loggers' Boot
Mall ordors  personally attended to
Guaranteed lo Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymonr 55(1 Repairs Done While You Walt
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ono year's ■ubscriptlon to The
B. O. Foderitlonlit, wll] bo mailed to
tny address in Canada for $22.60
(Oood anywhere outside ot Vancouver
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap gooda can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap lubor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
•-Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish,
Another voice from the rear suggested tbe objection was not so
much to the rock crushing as to
the price, viz., $2.30 a yard. After
more talk, the chairman asked
plainly if they wanted to crush
rock, and the answering shout signified vory plainly that they did
not. There, was, of course, a general laugh, and Smith assured tbem
"If you wish to crush rock, they'll
give you something worse"—with
the idea of seeing how much they
could take put ot them.
The Man with a Job
Comrade Kavanagh warned them
not to depend on the help of their
fellows who had regular employment, and were not up against the
$9.20 a week proposition. "You
have got to do the Job yourself,"
he Insisted. To those who object
ed to the conditions were determined 'not to stand them, they
would be present on Tuesday afternoon. If they were satisfied
with. 99.20, and wished to break
rock, they would not.
There was a Uttle further talk aa
to the attitude of the man with a
job, and Kavanagh added: "The
one thing he is conoerned with le
clinging on to that job. If It means
losing half a day, he'd see you ln
hell before he'd stay off." It was
then suggested that only those un
employed vote on this question,
but the chairman remarked, "we're
separated enough," and put the
"strike vote" to the whole meet
ing, with the result that * it was
carried by a unanimous show .of
The chairman, having allayed
the ripple of excitement caused by
the presenee of a reporter, went
on to remark: "The workers want
food, and I can tell you where lt
ls." He then proceeedd to give the
recently published Ottawa report
on the amounts of foodstuffs in
cold storage ln Canada, remarking
humorously on the 2,230,704 lbs.
of lard: "That's what you make
cake with," Other Items were:
1,450,278 dozen eggs; 11,058,402
lbs. butter; 4,620,074 lbs. oheese;
80,966,468 lbs. pork; 25,415,850
lbs. beef; 1,016,454 lbs. mutton;
4,161,300 lbs. poultry, turkeys,
etc.; 16,609,777 lbs. fish, which
with a few other oddments,
brought the total to something approaching a round hundred million
lbs. of foodstuffs in cold storage.
"And you'll be hungrier yetl"
the speaker concluded.
As showing how good the authorities at Victoria were to the
workers, he mentioned the case of
the men who had the timber licenses—"the men the loggers work
for"—and who were away behind
in their fees. If the workers got
behind In their rent, he said, It
meant notice from the bailln*; with
regard ot the delinquent timber
license holders, however, the government was bringing In an
amendment to give them an extension of time for payment.
"You can pass all the resolutions you like, and you oan beg and
pray for any amelioration in your
condition," he declared; "you won't
get lt, and you don't deserve It"
Somebody now wished for a declaration that Mayor Gale had no
right to prohibit the discussion of
capitalism at their meetings, any
more than at the meetings of the
manufacturers, etc Smith replied:
"Well, he hasn't, up till now; and,
according to my Information, he
Next, a new organization of ex-
service men was recommended,
with membership open to anybody who had worn a .uniform—
except commissioned officers. "Only
the non-coms, and buck privates,"
as Smith put it. "That's all we
want," somebody added.
Dave Rees was now called to the
platform. Though apparently out
of harmony with the crowd in the
matter of the previous resolution/
which ho suggested might have
been passed hastily, he declared:
"I voted according to my own conviction, which some of you hadn't
tbe courage to do." Anyway, having
passed the resolution, he hoped
they were going to be men enough
to swell the crowd on Tuesday at 3
o'clock ,nnd big enough to take
their own medicine. He complained of the "peculiar pessimism possessed by some of our frlendB," but
declared, "I'll be with you on Tues-
dav." (H>ar, hear.)
The Employed Workers Position
Tom Richardson said: "So long
as It cnn be stated from a public
plntform that the men in a job
don't care a tinker's curse for the
unemployed (A voice: 'You bet they
don't!")—don't ask me to believe
that the revolution Is about to
come In the next decade,  or the
next two decades." He refused to-
believe it was because they did not
understand the basis of unomp!oy-:
ment. Economics had been discussed, and still there was occasion
for this charge of Indifference. Unless they were prepared to give
little more evidence of sincerity,
there was little hope for their class
here or elsewhere.    (The speaker
was understood to refer to terres-  Tianv RpiMtrta nf Rpvnlfa
trial region, only, of oourae.)    Hf f™»   K*pOTIS OI  K«V0118
X-RAYS Locate Ills
Vancouver X-Ray
Tstcber or Dra|lM« Healln,
for tho elimination of non-coniAjjioui
chronic nllmcnts by Natural Methodi.
Hi'iirs, 0 lo 0 I'Vi-ninpH by appointment.
Vancouver X-Kny and Naturopathic Institute, UU Standard Bank Building. Phone
fctoymour 1977,
was glad to know of the existence}
of the Workers'   Central Counoll.
Comrade Smith acknowledged
the warmth Imparted to the pro*'
ceedings by the last speaker, and
then with similar warmth retorted
that, If those ln a job understood'
their relationship to the unemployed, they would rock this city to Us
foundations. "Not a thing would
be moving at this moment," he declared. With continued warmth,
he recalled the fight In Winnipeg,
when a matter of 11,000 lh this
city responded to the call for
general Btrike. "Men were thrown
Into jail for that strike—our then,"
he said; "and I believe there are
men today la thts city who don't
know that seven men went to Jail
ln their flght When they realize
their position, then we will have
something doing, and not till then.'
(Hear, hear.)
Must Do It Themselvea
Comrade Kavanagh said: "It li
not pessimistic to tell the workers
that they have got to do things for
themselves. It ls pessimistic to
tell them to let some one else do It
for them. We have done things
unknown even In the imagination
of those who invented Ood; yet wa
are considered unable to solve our
own problems. There's & vast difference between understanding
your relation to a man, and quit'
ting your Job on his behalf."
Alluding to the cold atoragft fig"
ures, he pointed out that It was in
eonsequenee of the- enormous
wealth produced by the workers
that they were now In deprivation
and pant The mills were shut
down, and the lumbermen were
declared about to face the worst.
year ln the history of ths industry,
since they could not sell the stuff
produced. If that meant a bad
year to them, Kavangh asked,
"What does it mean to men like-
usf You have got to sell something," he continued. The "red-
light" district was recruited by underfed women ln order to preserve
life itself; the "stool pigeon" ranks
were likewise recruited from the
working class. And yet that ..class
constituted the finest and best of
human kind, "When we cease
working, the world ceases. We
who feed and clothe and shelter
go without the things we have produced!" ;i.
They were not talking revolution
here; it was just a matter of $9.30
a week. Was there any revolution
about that? In this last great west
—"the country of great opportunities" (laughter)—they were got
talking about taking possession, of
Vancouver; but about a parade.jOf
men as a protest against the kt^d
of work and the pittance they gpt.
That was all. The speaker 'was
gently sarcastic about Honest
John's will to "go out Into the
country and dig ditches," Instead bf
staying with the "bright Hghtft''
squandering their money at the
Hotel Vancouver or flying about
in taxis. (Laughter.) Sam Guth£
rle was the only one who represented them at Victoria; the others
apologized for them. "Put these
gentlemen to work, and teach them
a thing or two; put them to crush
rock," Kavanagh suggested.
As to the busy workers In the
Rogers block and other such buildings—all they did wae to change
values from one page to another,
and consume the surplus product.
When the surplus piled up and
they couldn't get rid of it, they
had "diplomatic relations" with
other nations who had "Insulted
the flag," and so-forth,
'Whether you are under Old
Glory or the Union Jack, or any
other flag, it makes no difference.
Your economic conditions are determined by the labor market."
With regard to revolution, said'
Kavanagh, "the time ls not yet—in
this country." When they did
move, the movement would be motived, not by Intelligence, but by
necessity. At the most, the degree
of Intelligence would guide it ln Its
path. "There is not a power that
can prevent the working claas taking possession of its own when it
begins to move," the speaker concluded.
The chairman urged the plumbers, boiler makers and other trades
to press the unemployment question at the next meetings of t'x'r
several organizations; and the platform was then thrown open to any
speaker. e
Fellow Workor Blssett was announced as the next speaker, and
his vigorous talk would be well
worth roporting at length, were
space available. He said he had
been 'blamed as an "absolute pessimist," because he had held that
the working man under present
conditions could do nothing. Yet
the man who understood the position could nover be a pessimist,
since he foresaw the end of the
struggle, Every society1 had gone
down; not because of Its righteousness or unrighteousness, but.be*-
cause It became unprofitable*-.:<,j._.
As the meeting ended, Comrade
Smith referred again to the..mat*
tor of the reporter previouslyMnen*.
tloned as being In the crowd,; Vlt's
the reporter of the only paper that
will publish the news of this meeting.    It's our own reporter." mi <■■*■
Tho announcement was received
with evident satisfaction by. jtHe
crowd, and some one added: KIt'e
up to you to say whether-your
paper ls^ going to i stay or riot.''
There was said to be a dfeslre
abroad to put The Federatlonist'
out of business." >.
Smith has previously hinted that
the dally press had already got orders to "cut out the advertising" of
the unemployed situation. Readers who scanned the local dallies
on Monday may Judge for themselves as to the correctness of his
Before mnking n purchaso, look
up our list of advertisers on pago 7,
und then patronize one of them,
and by so doing give Tlio Federatlonist n boost
Moncton, N. B.—Labor controls
the city council, A. C. Chapman,
elected mayor on the labor party
ticket, having a deciding vote
when the four Labor and four
Citizens' ticket aldermen divided
on class lines.
in  Russian
: JS        Cities
■ (By the Federated Press)
' _*fev   York—Denial   of   alleged
mutinies and uprisings In Moscow
and Petrograd Is contained in the
following cablegram received at
the ofllce of the publication Soviet
Russia, from Moscow:
VMoseow. February 26—Foreign
newspapers again carry mendacious stories abdut alleged mutinies
-and uprisings ln Moscow, Kroustadt and Petrograd. This is another malicious slander by the enemies of Russia in their attempts
to confuse publio opinion abroad,
There have been neither uprisings
nor mutinies in Kronstadt, Petrograd or Moscow.
* 'These stories appear to have
been baaed upon certain events in
Moscow which, far from showing
widespread unrest rathetr prove
the determination of the Russian
Workers to stand behind their revolutionary achievements despite
all hardships. The workers ln the
government printing office, who
have been receiving extra rations,
protested against the euttlng oft of
a speeial allowance of flour whloh
they reoelved in addition to the
.pound and a half ration of bread.
This curtailment was made ln pursuance of the Soviet government's
general policy of equalizing rations. Thie workers tn the print'
Ing ofllce tried to induce other faotory groups to Join their demonstration amongst most of the other
faotory groups to join their demonstration, but their efforts aroused
general Indignation amongst most
of the other workers, who regarded them as a breach of revolutionary solidarity. When the situation
was explained to the demonstrants
the protest movement ceased Instantly. Everything ls now absolutely peaceful,
'litis insignificant Incident has
been magnified by malicious agents
Into fantastic accounts of the widespread unrest The Soviet government has traoed these stories to
the Lettish Legation in Moscow,
which seemingly Is abusing hospitality and diplomatic privilege for
a malicious campaign against Soviet Russia.
■ "The stories lh the foreign press
about alleged mutinies ln Petrograd and Kronstadt, claiming that
the military forces surrounding
Petrograd are not allowing any one
to'enter the city, are without any
foundation whatsoever. Russia Is
passing through a serious food
erisls, dus to the fuel shortage,
but now as before the Russian
workers will prove to the world
that thetr revolutionary solidarity
and their determination to stand
by their achievements know no
$50,000 worth of the stock of the
Minnesota Dally Star, the Labor &
Farmer paper, has been purchased
by tne International Association ot
J. W. Bsselwein, secretary of the
Reglna, Sask., unit of the O. B. U-.
forwards 24 subscriptions this week.
Comrade J. Lakeman, of Bdmonton, Alta., shoots in nine subs to
boost the circulation of The B. C
Roy Porrltt of Coltern, B. C,
rustles up two more subscribers to
send ln with hts own renewal.
Tommy Barnard adds four more
subscribers to our list this week.
Dozens of other readers are slipping In one of two extra subs, to
push the good work along,
Tell your neighbor that The'Fed-
erationlst ls doliveredby Vancouver
postmen every Friday morning.
This Is the time your unton membership needs The Federatlonist.
Every news stand ln Vancouver,
and most of the large cities across
Canada to Nova Scotia, carries The
Federatlonist If it ls not sold In
your city, hustle a news agent for
Let's have your "push" behind
this circulation drive. Try your
work-mate for a six months' sub.
for $1.60, lf a yearly seems to be
moro than he can afford.
Try sub. hustling for one week.
If you want a few extra copies of
The Federatlonist to help you, drop
a line, and  they will  be forwarded.
Allies May Be Aiming
to Start Offensive
Against Soviet Russia
(Continued from Page 1)
many, it would be safe to assume
that the news that is now being
circulated of the counter revolutionary activities ia Russia, were
for the purpose of stock and bond
manipulations, but if the allies realize that Germany can never pay,
then their actions against Germany
must have some other meaning. It
is true that the allied statesmen
have fooled the nations that they
represent by claiming that they
would be benefitted by the German indemnity, but the people of
Great Britain and France, npw realize that lf It is paid, lt must be
paid in goods, which will cripple
them industrially and they would
be in a worse position than they
were before, therefore it ls safe to
assume that there is. a nigger ln
the woodpile. Great Britain realizes that war with the U. S. A. Is
not improbable, and France' also
has realized this, and no doubt has
promised Great Britain aid ln the
event of such a contingency, providing that she will.aid France In
her schemes, that being so and realising that France Is determined
to crush Soviet Russia, lt is quite
logical to assume that France Is
attempting to line up Germany
along with herself and Great Britain, to crush Soviet Russia, and
to have free road through Germany and later Poland ln order
to earry out her plans. In other
words the pressure ls being put
on Germany so that to escape the
menace of militaristic France, she
will be compelled to fall ln wtth
an anti-Soviet campaign.
That suoh a contingency has
not been unexpected can be gathered from the statement of the
editor of Soviet Russia in the Issue of February the 86th, whloh
reads as follows:
"Dr. Simons, present German
minister for foreign affairs, Is said
In a recent Paris message to be
about to propose to the London
conference a means by whioh European powers will be able to raise
money ln order to repay the great
loans which they expect to obtain
from the United Statea The world
ls to be divided Into zones, and
each industrial power ls to exploit
its.zone for raw materials and commercial penetration. Germany's
zone would be Russia. As French
sources now point out. this would
make Russia a German colony. In
spite of asseverations to the contrary, we are certain that lf allied
Imperialists do not themselves Intend to exploit Russia directly, they
will yet permit Germany or any
other power ready to do the work,
to make the attempt to subject and
enslave the Russian people."
It Is also quite possible that what
Insurrections, lf any, tftat have
taken place recently in Russia,
have been the work of allied agents
operating that country.
But the allies may be reckoning
without due regard to the consequences of an anti-Bolshevik poUcy. The communists are today
advocating a German alliance with
Soviet Russia. The allied nations
also face the possibility of a rising of their workers in the event
of any further war on Russia, and
It Is quite possible th^t the allied
statesmen are planning not for
their success, but for the success
of the proletariat and which wtll
be won for all time In Europe.     '
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before making purchases.
A Sports Coat
at a popular price
Priced at
ONE of tha many smart models wa show for early Sprint
wear ln Coata la this wonderful value ln Sport Coats—ln
many new exclusive patterns—designed with loose backs, fancy
stitched and large buttons—a Famous value.
See them tomorrow.   Speolal at.
Near OranvUle
Oet Your Shan of the Enormous Return
from the Fort Norman Oil Reld*
Mackenzie River Drilling
& Petroleum Co.
Oapital 91,000,000 Share Issue 1,000,000
Par Value, $1.00 Eaoh
An Extraordinary Investment Opportunity
This Company has complete drilling equipment ready for
shipment to the Fort Norman District ea soon as transportation
The Company will take contracts for drilling wells on th*
holdings of leaseholders in the Fort Norman District. For auoh
work there will be an extraordinary demand on exceptionally
profitable terms during the coming season.
The Company has already secured exceptionally
well located acreage In tlie district on which drilling
will be done,' tills season.
The Company's acreage holding will be Increased this season
hy taking rights on proven tracts as recommended hy lta engineers as part payment for drilling operations.
See us about Port Norman—We Know the Distriot    v
We are authorised to sell a limited number ot Shares in the
above Company at the price of
. Fifty Cents per Share
Come ln and talk ever this offer—Oet ln on th* ground floor.
Western Oil Brokers
New York—The steamer Panola
has sailed from New Tork harbor
with more than $400,000 worth of
relief supplies for Russia and Ukraine. The Panola is the fourth
steamer leaving with relief supplies for Russia and Ukraine within the last three months.
When there ls a flght on tbe man
who gets ln and digs Is tho one that
we like. Get ln now and dig, by
patronizing The Federatlonist ad*
Patronize  Fed  Advertlzers.
Push the circulation.
Make It
Police Try to Break Up Meeting,
But Do Not Succeed—Prott-
pects Are Excellent
Tokyo—In spite of preventive
police measures, a Socialist League
has just been organized here. The
bfrth of the organization was attended by much enthusiasm and
the prospects are declared by Its
promoters to be excellent.
Every effort was made to break
up the meeting through the police,
and it Is understood that Its activities will be suppressed as far as
possible by the government. The
chief of the Legislative Bureau of
the home office ls authority for the
statement, though he declares that
ho has no objection to the study of
London.—The government's proposal to omploy unskilled labor ln
the building trade, ostensibly to lessen unemployment and to deal
with housing shortage at the same
time, has been met on the part of
the building unions with an offer
to build 220,000 houses a year lf
the government will guarantee the
i   ....     i ■     ■  ■ i ■■  ■■   -*■	
When You Need-
can supply all youi Printing
needi. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed
Cor. Homer arid Pender Streets, Vanoouver, B. 0. IHJBAY.:.....:... Mariih 11, 1921
IA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b.(
PAGE *-ffi_t.
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
An Appeal to the Organized WorkerH In Camilla
Because the Finnish Republican
government still continues to oppress those workers who have
taken an active part in the workers' organizations, nnd in the class
movement In general, brutally
treating those who at thc time of
tho civil war or on account of It,
have been cast in prisons, therefore wo, the Sudbury D. E. committee appeal to the organized
Workers in this country to raise
their voice In defense of our suffering Finnish workers against the
atrocities by sending protests to
the Republican government of
Finland. Secondly, we appeal
that if the Finnish Republican
government from here on continues to uae the same oppressive
tactics against the Finnish work-
era, that we treat those In like
manner who have arrived from
Finland, and who have taken part
In slaughtering and maltreating
our fellow workeri,
Take this up In your next meeting, and send your protests to:
Protest committee, Box 464, Duluth, Mtnn. From there they will
be forwarded together to the place
ln question.
Solidarity Is strength! Support
the Finnish workers who have
bravely fought for the freedom of
the working class, and who have
sacrificed their hearts' blood for
the dearest cause on earth—for Industrial freedom.
Youn In the class struggle,
Sudbury District Executive Com.
L. W. I. U. of the O. B. V.
Minutes of Sudbury district executive board meeting, held Feb,
81, 1921.
Meeting called to order at 11
a.m. Present F. W. E. Monaldi,
3. Jarvl and A. Torttlla. Fellow
Worker B. Monaldi elected ohalrman.
M. & 6.: That matter re books,
and the new official organ of the
Lumber Workers to be published
at Vancouver, be left In the hands
of the Incoming district executive
board members, with the recommendation that It be thoroughly
considered and decided upon. Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
bill owing to the Lumber Workers
headquarters for subscriptions to
Soviet Russia, amounting to $53,
be paid, but that the matter be left
ln the hands of the new board.
Recommended that a subscription list be sent out for Fellow
Worker Isaac Slvula, and that we
endeavor to help him out as much
as possible.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That Fellow Worker E. Monaldi pay the
•mount of $10 owing for defense
stamps, whether by collection or
out of hfs own pocket.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That supplies from O. B. U. headquarters
be sent for Immediately, In order
to begin on the new system. Carried.
Moved and seconded: That Fellow Worker S. Manning's letter be
accepted as read.   Carried.
Discussion re wages and transportation of Fellow Worker Felix
Lahtl to the eonvention, resulted
ln the decision that the delegate
at Mile 14$ be notified to remit the
money he collects for dues and fees
to Lahtl, also to notify the district
office re the amount he has for
warded.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That each
oamp delegate be notified that It
was Impossible for the board to
notify each camp re the number
of votes for and agalnat each
clause on the referendum ballot,
as most of the envelopes contain*
Ing the ballots had no address attached to them, thereby making lt
Impossible to tell where the ballots
were frem. The board wishes to
atate that the ballots have been
carefully examined, they being
held ln the district ofllce in case
some of the membera wish a recount.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
camp delegates be notified to forward their old supplies to the district offlce Immediately upon receipt of new supplies.   Carried,
Moved and seconded: That in
the event of F. W. Frank Wesan-
der refusing to turn ln his union
card, a notice to all delegates be
Inserted In the union papera notifying them not to collect any dues
from this man until such a time aa
he has apologised through the official organs, alBo the district office,
for his actions and promises to
stop the snle of liquor.   Carried.
A lengthy discussion was held
re the funds spent on the Vapaus,
after the September referendum
had decided to reject same, and
whether the actions of Secretary
Guertln are Justified In permitting
aame to be circulated at the expense of the district until the January convention, Fellow Worker
Torttlla making the following recommendation: That three clauses
pertaining to the matter be sent
out for the referendum vote of the
membership; (1) Do they approve
>f the Vapaus being distributed to
lhe members after the September
sonventlon; (2) Do they approve
of the Vapaua being distributed
tfter lt had been defeated by the
referendum; (8) Do they want that
the secretary be held responsible
for the bill for the distribution of
the Vapaua after It had been defeated by the referendum. Carried.
Moved and seconded: That a
notice be sent to the delegates ad-
rislng them to take up discussion
nt the meetings, re clauses 24 and
15, and forwarded thetr decisions
to the district office, thereby enabling the executive board to deal
With the matter according to the
Irishes of the membership. , Carded.
Moved and seconded: That tak-
' tag into consideration the failure
»n the part of Slpl Rautala to apologise re hts conduct as required
by the members, a notice be Inserted In the papers, that until such
time as he has sent an apology to
the papers, also copy of same to
the district offlce, he will not be
regarded as a member of the
union.    Carried.
Resolution: Whereas, Nick Harju
has failed to comply with the revolution passed by the January
convention, re remitting the bal
ance of money collected by him for
return fare from Mile 125, A. C.
R. to the Soo, be it resolved that
he be notified that unless -lie refunds same within one month
from date, the resolution passed
by the convention be complied,
with, same to apply to K. Hakola
for the sum he is owing to the'
district.   Carried.
Moved and seconded, That the
new district executive board meet
on Saturday morning, Feb. 26,
1921, and that the books be audited by a professional accountant,
In the meantime, so as the old
bonrd can turn over the office in
good shape.    Carried.
Moved nnd seconded: That the
matter of securing the services of
Fellow Worker E. Guertln to act
In tho capacity of organizer, be
left to the meeting of the new
board, giving Guertin time to consider the proposition.    Carried.
Moved and seconded: That all
money collected In the reading
room at the Soo, also all bills re
wages, purchase ot books, otc, be
forwarded to the Sudbury district
offlce.   Carried.
Fellow Worker Niemi agredn to
remain In the offlce until Saturday to discuss her departure with
the new board.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
minutes of this meeting be pub-
lished in the various organs of the j
organisation.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That notification be sent to the different Eng.
llsh official organs of the organization, that all clauses were carried ln the referendum, also names
of the fellow workers elected as
membera to the executive board,
and the name of the new secretary to be published, and that a
marked ballot be sent for publication in the Industrialist.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: Metting to
Minutes of Sudbury District Executive Board, held Feb. 26, 1921.
Meeting called to order at 10
Present—Fellow Workera One-
schook, Jarvl. Monaldi, Hakala,
Konni, Fortin, Toivar and Guertin.
Fellow Worker E. Oneschook
elected chairman.
Moved and seconded: That the
minutes of the previous meeting be
accepted as read.
Moved and seconded: That 76
copies per week of the new Industrial organ, to be published at
Vancouver, be subscribed for, and
as soon as funds permit, we will
give What other financial assistance
we can.   Carried,
Moved and seconded: That this
meeting sanction the motion passed at the last meeting of the D.
E. B. re the bill of $38 owing to
the Lumber Workers headquarters
for- subscription to Soviet Russia.
Moved and seconded: That Fellow Worker Frank Wesander be
allowed to hold his card, also the
secretary be Instructed to communicate with the camp where ihe
complaint was sent from, asking
for further Information re the matter, whether the fellow worker in
question carried liquor for the purpose of mnking proflt by it, or only
for consumption.    Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
new executive board will not be
responsible for any activities of
the old board, but engages itself
to bear all responsibilities while ln
office. Therefore lf the resolution
passed at the previous meeting of
the old board re referendum to be
sent out on the three clauses re
the Vapaus Ib endorsed by the
membership, It will be entirely up
to the old board to deal with the
matter.    Carried.
Fellow Worker Guertin agreed,
after leaving thn oflico, to keep ln
touch with the distinct office, and
assist whenever possible, especially
ln organizing the French element.
Fellow Worker Niemi agreed to
remain until another assistant can
be secured to take her place, stating that she cannot remain until
the next meeting of the board.
Moved and seconded: That new
headquarters be secured: a committee composed of the new secretary
and two other fellow workers he
elected to look over the VapauB
ofllce and see whether arrange-,
ments can be made to rent same.
Fellow Workers J. Toivar and J.
Fortin were appointed to make the
deal.   Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
position of the office assistant be
declared open, and the secretary be
empowered to hire his help, leaving It to the next D. E. B. meeting
to approve or reject his actions.
Moved and seconded: That the
Industrialist be notified Immediately that clause 17 of the referendum
makes clause 16 void by Its majority of 278 vs. 167 votes, and that
clause 86 makes clauso 36 void by
Its majority of 323 vs. 303 votes,
both clauses dealing with the same
matter. This strikes oft* clauses 16
and 85 In the new constitution.
Moved and seconded: That Fellow Worker Toivar (the new secretary), E. Monaldi and Jos. Fortin
be appointed to examine the flnanclal report of Secretary Guertln for
period of Feb. 16-28.       Carried.
Moved and seconded: That the
report be published in the papers
as per decision passed by the convention, theroby giving Fellow
Worker Guertln a clear sheet.
Moved and seconded: That this
district keep In touch with the fellow workers who are experienced
In the movement, so we can secure
their services when required. Carried.
Moved and seconded: That Fellow Worker M. Balaneskl be appointed to sign the cheques with
the secretary.   Carried,
Moved and seconded: That a
subscription for one copy of the
New York Calt, Dally Herald and
Ind. Pioneer for the reading room
as soon as finances permit. Carried.
Moved and seconded: That this
meeting elect a committee to draft
a letter of protest to the Finnish
Republic Government In regards
to the outrageous actions taken
against the political prisoners In
the Finish prisons; same to be
published In all the O. B. U. official organs and also to be sent to
ths O. B. U. units.    Carried.
Fellow workers J, Toivar, Jos.
Drawn by Ryu Walker for The New York Cill snd The Federated Prtn.
Theories Only
(By Nemesis)
The Federationist must be
intensely interested in the
reports of the lectures by Dr. Curry,
which from their nature, and the
evident honesty of purpose of the
lecturer, must be very welcome to
his audience, and I am sure he
will not resent the tew remarks I
am about to offer.
In dealing with facts, one may be
as dogmatic as possible without
fear of provoking criticism, even In
Its mildest form, but in expounding
theories, dogmatic assertion fs out
of place and unscientific. A theory
has a logical explanation of something which at present Is outside
the realm ot proof, lt follows that
dogmatic assertion Is far too rigid
to use In dealing with it. Neither
is it necessary when expounding a
scientific theory; one finds that Is
invariably the style adopted by Ignorance and deceit, and the greater
the ignorance and the deeper the
deceit, the noisier the dogmatlo assertion; as an Illustration of this
fact, consider the "jarring of the
sects," 'and the philosophy of the
capitalistic dally sheets of wisdom.
In dealing with a scientific theory, If there ls another one us good
or any weak link ln Its chain, these
facts should be pointed out. a proceeding better for all parties concerned, than dogmatically advancing only our favorite one, because
truth is better served by such a
Dr. Curry has dealt with two Intensely Interesting theories, viz.,
thc nebula theory of the formation
of our solar system, and the
theory of evolution, and If he will
excuse me for expressing it, I
think he has done so rather dogmatically.
From somewhere In the void of
space, there gathered together an
unthlnkably extensive "mass of
matter in a gaseous form. That is
the speculative fact on which the
nebular theory is based. Whether
it originated ln some natural but
mysterious manner from the primal
ether is not generally debated, but
according to the theory there It
was, and It began to contract and
through the shrinkage to generaate
heat and become hot and glowing.
Now, In practice we find that the
molecules of matter in a gaseous
state, repel each other, and we
must suppose that the matter forming a nebula being visible, must
have developed into the molecular
state, which we cannot assert, of
course, of the ether itself. Then
why should this mess of gaseous
matter begin to contract when
gaseous matter In all our experience acts In a contrary manner?
The action of gravity, you may
say. But does the action of gravity
exist tn huge masses of gaseous
matter, whose particles repel each
other, as it does In solid masses,
whose molecules are held together
by cohesion? May not cohesion
and gravity be Identical, as far as
one Is another form of the other?
Again, If one heats a gas, lt expands; then even If thts gaseous
matter of our nebula did contract,
would not the resulting heat, tend
to reconvert It to Its original consistency?
We have never been able to heat
a gas tilt it became visible; the opposite Is the effect heat has upon
matter; water-vapor ean be condensed to a visible liquid by extracting the heat from it.
Again, lf this theory be true, and
Fortin and E. Guertln were elected on the committee.
Fellow worker J. Toivar agreed
to furnish a bond whether through
a bond company or property bond.
Moved and seconded: That the
minutes of this meeting be examined and sent for publication
In the dleffrent official organs of
the union, Fellow workers Toivar and E. Oneschook were appointed as a committee to examine
the minutes.   Carried.
The meeting adjourned.
the heat caused by contraction produced rotary motion and gave .-to
the outlying portions of the mass
such certlfugal force tbat they
were hurled Into space till they
were pulled up by the gravitation
of the central mass, and began .to
revolve round lt, an equilibrium
being formed by the gravitation and
centrifugal force, how shall we account for certain satellites, according to the theory thrown off later-!
from the planets, possessing a retrograde motion, that ls rotating,
the opposite way to the planet Itself.
Thus the two outer moons of the
nine Jupiter possesses, have this
retrograde motion. The four satellites of Uranus have this retrograde motion also, and there are
other examples In our solar system.
The planet Saturn Is said to be
94 times heavier than our Earth;
has a diameter of 74,000 miles,
more than nine times greater than
that of our Earth; ls 886,000,000
miles away from the sun, and takes
29 \_ years to revolve once and its
axial rotation being 10 1-4 of our
Now, try and imagine the force
required to hurl that stupendous
mass of matter through those 886,-
000,000 miles. Whether it was
caused by centrifugal or aome explosive force in the central mass,
the energy required to eject It to
that distance would be so tremendous- that we could certainly be
sympathetic with the mind whose
attitude towards the theory was
that of a doubting Thomas,
Again, there Is a later and alternative theory to account for the nebulae which, if true, puts the older
one entirely out of court, and one
which should be considered before
dogmatically expounding the evolution of our solar system on the nebula theory.
This later theory Is that th* nebulae are not glowing masses of
gas, but universes like this one of
which our sun forms a unit, and
which consists of all the suns, we
call the stars, known to man, These
universes are so remote that the
suns composing them appear to us
light, hazy masses in the sky; so
that our universe to an observer on
a planet of one of the suns composing the nebula, visible tn Orion,
would appear aa one of the nebulous masses.
Of course, both thoae theories
cannot be true; the nebulae are
either masses of glowing gas or Individual universes—or something
Let us examine the theory of evolution, which will account quite
satisfactorily for many otherwise
inexplicable phenomena, but will
not account for all phenomena as
its more ardent adherents would
have us believe.
In the first place, unlike the nebula theory, It ls one which can, up
to a certain point, be directed by,
man himself, and to such extent it
is advanced into the domain of actual fact. In the second place, It
is well to realize that evolution Is
not force, but a series of effects
produced by natural forces work-)
ing through the generations In the,
case of animal life, and through
the ages in the caae of cosmic systems; so that such expressions as
"caused by evolution," which we
occasionally hear, are quite meaningless. That man and other animals have gradually evolved
through less complicated forma of
life, ls now quite recognized by all
logical minds, embryology and geology having established that as a
But when we wish by the theory
of evolution to demonstrate that
life was evolved from Inanimate
matter by the working of the natural forces, we recognize the (node,
quacy of the theory, and are confronted, by the greatest of all the
missing links besides which that of
Darwin, between the Simian and
the man, Is of little account.
The first dim form of life appears
In what Haeckel called the "plas-
aon bodies," which are formed of
protoplasm or primal living mat
ter, if mere growth can be classified aa life. Personally, I think
that the crystal in Its "growing"
stage is as much entitled to be considered as "alive" aa these "plas-
son bodies."
The lowest organized form of
life revealed by the microscope, is
thb unicellular life or protozoa*
They are true organisms, in aa
much as they are composed of
parts, the nucleus, the protoplasm
and the outer covering, each with
its own functions to perform.
The assumption ot the materialists is .that thie protozoa evolved
from the "plasson bodies." Possibly they did, but between them and
the unorganized protoplasm la the
greatest of all, the missing links,
which must be discovered before
the stonewall, materialistic philosopher can Joyously and dogmatically assert as he dees, that the one
evolved naturally from the other,
We must bear ln mind that Haeckel and Darwin and Huxley or any
other great minds are like yours
and mine, up against a stonewall
when we come to consider the
spontaneous generation of life from
matter, and that any opinions ex-
pi-eased by them on the subjeet, are
mere speculations, and of no real
scientific value whatever. We
must remember that to quote what
Huxley said in regard to It Is interesting only as far as It shows
how a great mind viewed the problem, and lt Is Just as foolish to
found a dogmatic statemont on that
opinion aa it is for a country parson to dogmatize on an opinion of
his galtered bishop, who stands before the mysteries of tho eternal
mind as Huxley and others stood
before the mystery of the origin
of life—that is, before a mental
stone wall.
The dogmatic assertion of the
materialists that life evolved naturally from ordinary matter, shocks
the logical mind as much as the
dogmatic assertions of the parson
regarding the mental processes of
the eternal mind, and will so continue to shock them till the chemist
in hts laboratory can demonstrate
that he can combine his carbon,
hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen In
such a way that It possesses all the
attributes of the living protoplasm
—a consummation which, up to the
preaent, has baffled all his efforts.
The wise mind will always regard a theory as a theory; as something to be seriously considered,
and ultimately proved, but will
never nl.ow Itself to dogmatize II-
loglcally on the strerMh of it.
Who shall Bay that these s^-om-
Ingly Illogical problems will not ultimately bo solved?
When our present, barbarous economic system la abolished, and the
incubus of obtaining a mere living
In a world of plenty ib lifted from
the human race, these problems will
be systematically attacked by the
great minds and man will steadily
rlso to the status of superman,
whose aim will be knowledge, and
whoae greatest ambition will be
servioe and not self.
, But till that incubus Is removed,
he must remain enslaved by ignorance and greed; mentally emasculated by the miseries which are inevitably his portion now, and morally and physically wrecked by the
drudgery and filth of his environment. '
Labor Government Saya That Its
Employeea Must Get Into
the Unions
(By the Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. W.—School teachers In the state schools of Queensland carry tho union card. Their
union numbers 4200 members. The
profession ls 100 per cent, unionized.
The Labor government In that
country made lt plain that as teachers were servants of a government
that believed In trade unions, they
would have to be unionists or get
other Jobs. The Queensland government haa done the same thing
with other Industries under Its
control—such as railways, state-
owned enterprises and utilities.
The Dominant Factor in Production
(By Wayfarer)
It'pOE DOMINANT factor In
I production." These words
ire taken from page 22 of
"The Mission of the Working
Class," by C. H. Vail (C. H. Kerr *
Co., Chicago), an excellent booklet,
giving in clear, Marxian economics,
a brief survey of the evolution of
industry. The author is showing
how Feudalism existed, while It represented the dominant factor, but,
when towns grew and a trading-
claBa began to flourish and munu
facture to develop, this new element. In time, became the doml
nant factor in production and in
various ways, In different countries, gradually #rested political
power from the land Interests.
The question for a moment presented Itself. -What la the dominant factor today, capital or Labor?
Is not Labor the essential, the Important, the primarily necessary
factor In production, the dominant
one? But, of course, the reflection
of a moment answered not not
the dominant one. White capitalism lasts, capitalism la the dominant factor. The whole world of
Labor, however highly organised tn
the Industries, however highly developed,- skilled, productive; however wonderfully co-operative, Interwoven, mutually reactive and
Interdependent throughout the
whole world, In the most complex,
Intricate, self-acting mechanism of
co-ordination, system and structure, is powerless, cannot function,
except in the Interests and at the
bidding of capital. Capital, this
wonderful, mysterious power, centralized yet everywhere, manifold
yet one; holding the pulses of the
world's heart—its life forces—in
its grip, yet with no heart of Its
own; Lord of life and controller of
the universe; gives or withholds to
us the breath of life on the basis
of more or lees profits to Itself, more
or less amassed wealth, which feeds
its power and appetite and deepens
our degradation and need. Is It
not strange, brothers? The whole
world is ln need—fn dire need-
need of life, of the things that bus
tain life In its elements and pro.
mote lt In Its fulfilment; In need
of the thlnga that merely keep ua
at the level of the beasts and the
fthings that raise us above that
level; the things that are necessary
to that higher development which
Mother Nature holds out to us and
intends for us, If we would but heed
her promptings. At the present
day, multitudes of our fellow men
and women are dying slowly, great
numbers of children are dying fast,
for want of bread, an'd we are all
starved and stunted, whether in
our physical or mental growth, by a
system that thrives on our poverty
of body and mind.
And yet, here ls that other wonderful power, Labor, In everything
complete to sustain and carry on
the full, bountiful, uplifting life of
society. In everything but in control. It Is not yet the "dominant
factor" In production! On sueh a
relatively small technicality ln the
world's production and organization, does the world's arrested development hang.
Class Ownership
In the evolution of society, capitalism, that is, the private or class-
ownership of the means and machinery of production, and control
of the powers of government and
the Institutions and organisation of
society, has done its work. It haa
developed a world-wide, co-operative, unified Bystem ot productive
Industry, in which the need of class
ownership and direction has ceased
and that of collective ownership
and control ls paramount. Capitalism now only hinders and limits
production, and restricts the forces
lt has called into being. Its grip
strangles the life of society. It
must ln its very nature do bo. It
cannot function without profits.
But thc world's great need transcends all possibilities of this system of profits, though not of man's
power in co-operative production.
Capitalism not only cumbers the
ground, but It poisons the very air
we breathe. All that feeds the
mind of man comes through the
tainted channels of the interests
and necessities of that outworn and
decaying system, and little comes
through pure. And yet lt Is atlll
the "dominant factor" ln production. If we know anything at all,
if we hnve intelligence enough to
unnderatand the simple lessons of
life, we must know this deadlock
cannot last. It ls simple enough,
In the light of history nnd the study
of man's evolution, to sec that
man's social needs must be brought
Into harmony with his productive
powers. Man's progress has always depended on and bcen limited
by his material environment.* Aa
that haB evolved, in the hand to
mouth struggle of daily life, bo has
lt furnished material and scope for
mental growth, and haa also stimulated his social needs and aspirations for a fuller, higher life. This
Ib a natural law that Is universal
and compelling. No limit can be
placed on man's development other
than that of his material and physical environment. Step by step,
the one supplements the other.
Advance Stayed
Every successive step in man's
advancement ln society haa reached such a deadlok. Today our advance ls stayed as perhaps lt never
has been before. The whole creation groans, waiting for deliverance. We are waiting on the "dominant factor in production," on
that change in equilibrium, rebalancing of the social forces, that
will bring about the normal control of society by the natural and
vital forces of production in society. Carefully wc study the situation in all its aspects to sec how
tho change will come. We have
apparently an Instrument to our
hands; universal suffrage; slow
cumbersome and frustrated at
every turn by the forces of reaction, but yet with possibilities perhaps. Can the will of the people,
intelligently expressed In the legls-
latures unsaddle the power that
ridea us to death 7   Can any Buch
intelligent will be even formed ln
the increasing stew of anarchy In
production,and intrigue and misdirection in politics and public life?
It Ib an enigma. Or can the intelligence of the workers In the' industries formulate an organization
end a plan for re-adjustment and
control, to set In action at some
crucial moment, some universal
crisis? Will capitalism simply
cease io function of Itself some
day nnd leave everything In momentary chaos, or will it plunge
the world anew Into some destroy.
Ing war and so perish In an universal conflagration? More Sphinx
riddles! We know not! But we
know that the power and organ!
cation of Labor ln production ls
such now, that the worid will not
perish of Inanition when the misguiding hand of capitalism ls withdrawn. We know that Labor is
the "dominant factor" that la to
be, and that at any moment It may
be called on to become ao—may
be forced to It, aa the only possible alternative to chaos. In Russia, at one moment, the dominant
factor of the ages waa a land-owning class, served by a widespread
bureaucracy with a little Czar and
grand dukes on the top; at another
moment, the workers of town and
country became that factor, and
show considerable promise of remaining so. How did it happen?
Well, Russia waa not developed and
organized Industrially to any great
extent, but the people ln town and
country had an organisation, and
a very effective one, tn the Soviets,
and when the powers of the old system ceased to function, disintegrated, vanished, the Soviets carried
on, and under conditions of disruption, disorganization and anarchy
that could hardly be worse in any
country, at any time. The powers
of capitalism and their press surrounded the country with a smokescreen, composed of the most poisonous vapors that have ever been
emitted from the mind of man In
Its most putrescent states, with the
object of choking the new life ln
Russia and of smothering It up
from the world's hope-inspired
gaze—an act of monumental
treachery to the human race that
will tower ln history above all
Thus also Is that wonderful
thing human life, with all ita marvellous potentialities In the evolution of the race, subjected to the
will of that monstrous power of
modern wealth, capitalism; a power that, In Ignorance, blindness and
Indifference to the needs of man,
and all that makes for social wel
fare, surpasses any other power
that has ever before held sway during the long martyrdom of man.
Ignorance; how baneful la Its
sway! How long shall we, In mental sloth and moral apathy, be helpless In Its grip? How long till we
step out Into the full light of day,
which even now the labors of science shed around ue, telling us of
the true meaning of life, the real
wealth of nature and the hopes
and possibilities that lie before us
when we learn to live as men?
What light does the acquired
knowledge of science throw on our
path? We have the light and guidance of Marxian economics and
philosophy, showing the processes
by which man's evolution has proceeded on thn basis of his primary
needs and means of satisfying
them,; of his developing productive
methods and powers and of the nature of the class struggles and domination which have accompanied
them. We have the light nf science
in the evolution of life, plant anil
animal, of the Individual and the
species. We know the course of
evolution of the universe haa been
one steady progress from simple
to complex, homogenous to heterogeneous; life evolving, manifold
and multitudinous, made possible
by and following on the evolution
of the physical environment.
Whether In animal or plant life; In
man Individually or socially; phy-
clologlcaily, mentally or morally,
the process haB been from low or
rudimentary organization to more
complex and highly developed organization; from similarity of
structure and function to diversity.
Life Ib a continual reaching out,
widening, developing process, depending always on Its environment,
but fulfilled tn an ever-Increasing
and varied adaptation to Its en
vlronment. The greater, more
varied and complex the correspon
dence between Internal and external relations, subject and object,
organism and environment, the
more highly developed docs life In
all Its qualities become.
This applies to life everywhere,
In every form, and applies with Increasing force aud meaning to the
life of man, Individually, socially,
The New Life
The particular form of life wc
are Interested In here la that new
life of society, which has long been
forming, In embryo, within the
womb of the old, and which approaches the stage ot birth as a
new, complete organism. Its development In embryo Is traced in
the grievous and depressing story
of the proletarian struggle throughout the ages. Under the guidance
and compulsion of natural law, this
new life has increased ln diversity
and complexity with Its advance,
and, as far as we consciously co-
operate with natural law, we wlU
aim to carry on, enlarge and ful-1
fill this process. Wherever thla
now life, surging into being, evolved ln thc processes of nature as
the proletarian movement, can
draw fresh sustenance, physical,
mental and moral, or widen Its
functions, of thc same kind, tt la
fulfilling itself and completing Its
destiny. In doing this, while allowing for hereditary, It will doubtless develop new characters, qualities, standards and Ideals of Its
own, but on tho basis of the old,
natural order of man's constitution
und evolution, as physical, monta)
and moral. Wo can obstruct but
not prevent nature's processes, ll
Is our business to understand and
advance them. With the decay ot
the old organism—the existing order of society—much that In fulse
In sentiment,. moral Ideas and social ethics will be swept away, but ;
we must be careful In the process,
that we do not place limitations
and restrictions on the full an£
free development, in this new life,
of the great wealth and possibilities In human nature:
"Ring out the old, ring in the new.
Ring but the false, ring In tbe
This new life, Its birth and
growth based on the material condltlona of man's hard struggle for
existence, and developed alwaya In
circumstances almost precluding all
other considerations, Is nevertheless the greatest moral force of regeneration the world has seen, and
opens up a view of a new, not far-
distant society, In which the mem.
ory of present day society will bt
like an evil dream.
Perhaps, ln the processes of this
evolution of life, so Imperfectly
sketched here, we may find some
suggestion for meeting thoae ever
Increasing questions of the beat
means and methods of advancing
the proletarian movement In Its
struggle under capitalism. Wherever we can spread our Ideas and
propaganda, generate Intelligent
force, oppose the new life to tha
old, and promote the understand*
Ing and solidarity of the worken
In the great fields of Industry, wa
must do so; using every means that
presents Itself,, even the otherwise
futile machinery of democracy and
politics, for our purpose. To hold
back, keep safe, never risk mistakes, and to restrict our mental
vision to hard, cut-and-drled formulas, are not the methods of expanding, abounding, triumphant
life. But, recognising clearly what
this new life 1s and means, to hava
Its science In our minds and lta
great hope ln our hearts, our course
Is to strike out, to adventure oa
every side; knowing that life fulfill
Itself In many ways, and confident
that no true effort Is lost* but that
all help to swell the volume that
sweeps on to victory—to that victory of man over the lower forces
of his nature, whieh have accompanied him In hla long struggle In
evolution from the lower forms of
lift*; to that victorious «•«*«*»! -at
his mm •uri-oundlngs and conditions which will banish forever «.he
sad vision of the poet Burns:
"Man, whose heaven-erected fact
the smiles of love adorn;
Man's Inhumanity to man makes
eountlsss thousands mourn."
Among the hopeful manifestations of this new life we have been
considering, the course of study In
biology and evolution, announced
In The Federatlonist, to be conducted by Dr. Curry In the F. L.
P. hall, Cordova street. Is not the
least. Fortunate are they who will
avail themselves to the utmost of
thts opportunity of learning what
we are, whence we came and what
Is our destiny.
See Nothing but Slavery
Before Them in Allied Terms
(By Louis P. Lochner, European
Director of the Federated Press)
Berlin—The all-absorbing topic
in Germany today is the problem pf
what answer Germany ls to make
to the bill for Indemnities and reparations handed her by the Entente.
The workers of Oermany are
vitally Interested, for although
they expect little enough from the
present coalition government, middle class In character, yet such
questions as unemployment, wags
agreements, and the cost of living
are Inevitably bound up with ths
future foreign policy of the German republic.
It Is symptomatic of the widespread amazement here over ths
Paris proposals and their virtual
attempt to enslave Germany foi
42 years to come, that the General German Federation of Trade
Unions, representing some 8,000,
000 organized workers, has addressed an appeal to the workers
of the world, In which the Entente
Is charged with attempting to "Introduce ln Europe the slavery
that wns abolished  In Africa.
"The German people," continues
the appeal, "are to be kept alive
as one would preserve animals, so
that they may work for the victors,
No longer are they to be conceded
thc right to enjoy life. A country
that is already bearing tremendous
burdens, that has been robbed of
most of its natural resources, and
that Is frightfully handicapped In
the exportation of the products of
Us labor, Is to deliver to the victors during the next 42 years tha
equivalent of the entire wealth of
the Oerman nation before ths
In conclusion, the appeal sounds
this note of warning:
'The German people has declared Its willingness to make good, as
far as possible, the damage
wrought by lt. It has no Intention,
however, of going to pieces ln order to further International capitalism. Hatred and exasperation
will fill the hearts even of those
who throughout their Uvea havs
championed international understanding and the brotherhood of
mankind. Workers ot the world,
It'a up to you!"
The appeal Is endorsed by ths
General Federation of Offloe Workers and the executive couneil of
the central organiation of work*
men's councils,
While Soviet Russia hu built
and Instituted many thousands of
schools, not only for Its ohlldren,
but also for adults, during ths past
three years, Vancouver and many
other Canadian cities are unable ts
provide enough school accommedft*
tlon for Canadian children. t
thirteenth tear. no. _  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a"
..March 11, int
Published every Friday morning by Tho B. 0.
Federationist, Limited'
A. 8. WELLS...
Office:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
Btreet West
Telephone Seymour 6871
Subscribtlon Bates: United States and Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, 32.50 por year, $1.50
• for aix months: to Unions subscribing ia a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope ot the World
..March 11, 1921
HAD the idlo loggers, miners and
other workers been in attendance at
the meeting of the Board of Trade held
on Tuesday evening, they would have
heard much about the great prosperity
that attended "our" in-
HOW dustries during the year
PROSPEROUS   1920. They would have
"WE ABE"      learned that there was
- a great increase iu tho
amount of lumber produced, and that the
mineral production was also greater than
jt was in 1919, and even paper and pulp
showed the same general tendency. Mr.
: Blake Wilson, the retiring president of
the Board of Trade, in his address, stated: "The total value of thc lumber cut
in 1920 was placed at $92,628,807, as
against $70,285,904 in 1919." He also
quoted figures as to thc increase in the
Value of the minerals produced which he
Btated was $2,284,312. Tho figures he
gave with regard to pulp and paper are
even more "encouraging" as in 1919 the
value of these products was only $12,554,-
257, while in 1920 it had reached $21,-
611,681, a rather respectable total, no
doubt all will concede.
9 * »
It seems passing strange that with such
large amounts of wealth produced in this
province that the workers should be discontented. One can hardly conceive of
workers who have produced so much
wealth in one year being disgruntled,
and, for instance, refusing to work on
rock piles, and demanding at least four
days work a week. With such tangible
evidence of prosperity before them, and
a realization of what the potential wealth
_iit_±h3i_cffl_ntix.would mean-to thom if
■ they would only work, and stop grumbling, surely the future looks bright^even
if they are hungry at this time and compelled to take up another notch in their
belts every morning in lieu of ham and
eggs. As Mr. Wilson said:
"We have the eountry and the
Motherland has the prospective settlers, and I submit that we must first
encourage and do everything in our
power to bring to Canada citizens of
the British Empire."
* * »
No doubt the British people who are
considering coming to this country will
be much interested in the amendments
that were passed during very recent
times to the Immigration Act, which empowers those responsible for carrying out
the provisions of that act, to deport them
without a trial, and thus remove them
ifrom a country that has produced so
mueh wealth, and at the same time an
unemployed army that has caused thc
authorities some considerable palpitation
of the heart, and no doubt many sleepless nights. Of course, the unemployed
in this country at tho present time are
not all. British born, but a good many are
and while only a few individuals have
to date been deported, yet the possibilities are great, and we may yet see many
of those who have produced all of this
Wealth, taken by the scruff of the neck
and put aboard a steadier or other vessel bound for thc Mother Country. This
however, is but a side issue, the real issue
is of greater moment.
# * *
Now, figures do not fill empty stomachs. Neither do they represent the profits of the capitalistic or employing class
at all times. Much of the timber that
was cut in this province last year is still
in the water, and there appears but little chance of it leaving it unless there
is a new market found. Of course, there
is a local need for lumber but a need is
not a market. There arc numbers of people who need houses, but they cannot get
the matcriaS necessary to build them.
No doubt if they had saved their
money during the years when they were
fully employed, even if this meant their
going without necessities, they would not
now be in the position that they are in,
but the fact remains that they did not,
and consequently they are without houses
and the lumber market is overstocked
and the lumber workers are looking for
a job that does not exist, and ekeing
Out an existence on relief work supplied
■ to them by the authorities.
»        ♦        •
While the Board ot Trade was discussing "our wealth," the workers in this
city and province, no doubt, were doing
a little figuring. Trying to make a dollar go where ten would no more than
suffice. But they should have been trying to find out, why it is that, having
Sroduced so much wealth they are starv-
lg, or so near to it that the fear of it
makes their lives onc long misery. All
wealth is produced by the workers. It is
brought into existence by the sweat and
anguish of a toil-ridden class which never
reaps the benefits of its labor. The workers produce lumber and go without
houses. They produce food and starve,
jfhey dig in the bowels of the earth for
fuel and shiver because they have nothing with which to keep them warm,
while those who are beneficiaries of the
present system gloat over tho wealth
that they possess and owa Suroly the
day is not far distant when the workers
will realize that it is not work they want,
but the means of life, and these they can
never havo while tho machinery of production, which is necessary to the production of the necessities of life,  is in
tho hands of a parasite class in society,
that fattens on the toil and misery of
an enslaved class, on which society has
been built. In the meantime they can
swell up with pride in our prosperity,
which places them in the bread line.
TO THOSE members of the working
class who are pessimistic, or those
who would pour the worker's into moulds,
according to formulas or wheels of fortune, the organization of the unemployed
in Vancouver will offer a
A very    valuable     lesson.
VALUABLE    Without any preconceived
LESSON plan, and without the us
ual machinery that goes
with labor organizations, the unemployed
in this city have shown that they have
not only ability, but the determination to
look after their own affairs, irrespective
of plans, leaders, or any of those things
that the workers have from time to time
been told were necessary in ordor that
they could advance their own interests.
Naturally, there have been many mistakes made, and there will be more, but
the most encouraging feature of the present period of distress, caused by the inability of the workers to secure the necessities of lift, has been the cohesion
shown, the dropping of personal differences, and more than that, the elimination of those things in the ranks of the
workers which have been so detrimental
in the past, such as divisions because of
craft or occupation. The unemployed
have organized irrespective of color, race,
creed or occupation. Driven by a com.
mon necessity, they have demonstrated
that conditions have forced them to drop
all non-essentials and they have devoted
their time and energy to those things
that affect their material interests.
If the present period of unemployment
will result in the workers in this locality
seeing that, not only at times such as
the present, but on all occasions, their
interests aro identical, then much will
have been gained.. Their plight is due to
the faet that the system of society under
which they live is one that has nothing
but unemployed periods to offer them.
In fact, it has nothing but human slavery
to offer the working class at any time.
This slavery is brought about by the
fact that a ruling class in society, entrenched in position by political power,
owns and controls the means of wealth
production, and must, as a consequense,
of that ownership, control the lives and
destinies of those who mnst have access
to the means of wealth produetion in
order to live, and they arc the workers.
If the unemployed will only realize these
facts, the same cohesion will be demonstrated on the political and industrial
fields in the days to come, and by that
solidarity, whieh must be based on a
knowledge of the class position; will the
workers show that they realize that they
have only one mission in life and that
is to bring about a new order in society
under which they would not be unemployed, and if at any time they produced
too much, would rest all the more, but
at the same time, enjoy the fruits of their
labor, which today are enjoyed by a class
that neither toils, nor spins, but lives on
the toil and sweat of the working class.
Verily capitalism is the best teacher of
EVERY news dispatch that comes
from Soviet Russia which indicates
that some insurrection has broken out In
that country is hailed with glee by capitalistic editorial writers. The "horrors"
of the Bolsheviki dictat-
THE SUN orship   are   given  fujl
AND SOVIET    play, and whether true
RUSSIA or otherwise, are work
ed overtime. It is impossible to think that any country passing through a revolutionary period could
escape without some violence. In fact in
every capitalistic country, where "law
and order" are supposed to dominate
the situation, violence is done every day,
and particularly is this the case in the
United States, where men are lynched
and tried afterwards. Where gunmen employed by the employers kill and maim
women and children, as well as the males
that from time to time resist the encroachments of capitalism. No doubt a
very considerable and formidable story
could be written on American atrocities,
and the British Empire would no doubt
also provide many stories of despotism
that would put the Soviet "atrocities"
and "despotic" acts in the shade. However, such things, when carried out in
capitalistic countries are all done in a
"constitutional" way, even though they
are carried out at the point of tho bayonet.
* # *
That light of the west, the Vancouver
morning Sun, that unlike its namesake,
rises in the west and sets in the east,
hns seized upon the dispatches which
have bcen published in .the capitalistic
press during the week, concerning Soviet
Russia, with unholy glee, and chortles
at the "coming" downfall of Lonin and
Trotzky, and among other things has the
following to say:
Organized labor  throughout  the
world is enraged at the treachery of
Lenin   and   Trotzky   towards   the
wage-earning classes. The labor unions have gained knowledge of the
actual facts as a result of investigations made jn Russia by thoroughly
trustworthy labor representatives.
Having Baid that much the Sun then
quotes from the appeal issued by the
American Federation of Labor as follows:
"The offense of the labor unionists
was vory clear," said tho appeal;
"they aro fundamentally opposed to
the so-called .Government set up by
Lenin and his handful of associate
dictators. As far as is possible under
that ruthless tyranny organized labor of Russia is everywhero in a
slate of full revolt. The organized
workers arc doing what thoy can to
leach tho hearts and minds of labor.
ing humanity in all countries, but ;.,
they are wording against overwhelming obstacles—refusal of the bread
card, whieh means immediate starvation for their families; the firing
squad and death by torture in prison. It is difficult for them even to
speak, and a decree especially for- !•
bidding  speeches   at   labor   union
meetings has been issued."
* * *
No one _ knowing and understanding
tho conditions that existed prior to the
revolution in Russia, and the conditions
that have existed in that country since
that event, along with the counter revo-
ktionary forces that have operated tv>th
inside and outside of Russia, would for
a moment be of the opinion that no disturbance could happen. :Thoy would realize that the different viewpoints that
existed, and still exist in that country
would cause some uprising, and especially when the grease for counter revolutionary movements has bcen supplied in
plenty by the allied capitalistic nations,
and there may be some truth in the press
dispatches that have appeared, but there
is also no doubt that the disturbances
have been magnified out of all .real proportion to their true significance. There
have been disturbances in many of the
capitalistic countries of recent years, but
no one would place thc same significance
to them that tho .capitalistic press has
placed on recent troubles in Russia.
Turning, however, to tho wail of the
American Federation of Labor which the
Sun sees bo much reflected light in, we
can only say that if thc name type of
trades unionists exist in Russia as those
at the head of the American Federation
of Labor and its affiliated International
unions* we do not wonder that the Soviet
government of Russia has had to take
repressive measures with such individuals, and there will come a day in the
history of the American labor movement
when the rank and file of labor will clean
house and remove the reactionaries from
the head of their organizations. Every
day reveals their treachery to the men
they are supposed to represent, and at
the same time a growth in thc movement
among the workers to rid themselves of
the cumbersome growth that has retarded the real working class movement. It
is a safe thing for all workers to do if
they do exactly the opposite to the wishes
of the Gompers and Morrison outfit, ahd
the Sun is leaning on a broken reed when
it relies on the A. F. of L; to destroy
Soviet Russia. :
All the powers of the capitalistic pa-
tions of the world have as yet failecQo
do it and the troglodytes of the American labor movement will find that they
have all they can handle to resist the
rising intelligence of the workers in the
American labor movement. They may
be trustworthy in the eyes of the members of the ruling class, but the work'
ers have found them wanting.    /
The Vancouver International Trades
and Labor Council at its last meeting ;re-
fused to join in welcoming Bill Pritchard
back to Vancouver. This action was
taken after the executive recommended
that a letter inviting the council to take
a part in tho demonstration, be
filed. Everyone can learn the names of
those that compose the executive of that
body, and a perusal of the list will prove
that the rank and file sentiments were
not expressed by the council, and still less
so by the executive. However, the demonstration will bc held and the rank and
file will be there or we miss our guess.
Alderman "Woodward of Victoria is
quoted as having stated that labor was
satisfied with what the government had
done in tlie way of labor legislation. Of
course Mr. Woodward' may bo satisfied,
but there are argood many workers that
are not even satisfied with his understanding of their opinions, without for a
moment considering his opinions of a
Liberal government of which he was at
one time an employee.
Judging from reports, there is a good
deal of espionage going on in Vancouver.
Several workors have been taken down to
the immigration sheds and put through
the third degree. Of course those questioned are active in thc working-class
movement. That is thc reason they are
under suspicion.
A prominent Canadian Railroad man,
not a worker by the way, has stated that
labor must deflate. We agree that
they should cease to inflate thcir chests
because of the prosperity of "our"(eouty-,
try. "Otherwise they aro already, ^t
enough.          '., -,. ^,.
Vancouver will have lots of yonttjff
trees as a result of the Arbor Day activities, but we don't see many jobs;going
idle in spite of the fact that the autfcqrj-
ties say that the unemployment situation
is now relieved.
Workers in Russia get fed if they
work. The unemployed of this country,
who nover did work, live on the fat of
the land, while the unemployed workers
are sent to the rock pile.
We are duly impressed with Canada's
fleet. Possibly that is why it was Sent
out to this vicinity. We had at all times
a respect for the fellow who held the
The A. F. of L. claims that trades unionists in Russia who oppose the government are refused bread cards. In Canada
they are thrown into gaol.
By the time the coal enquiry is over
the people will not need that commodity.
Old Sol will be operating.
If Premier Oliver is so honest* why in
the name of heaven are we told so muoh
about his virtue., i
Curry Continues His Lectures in F. L. P. HaU
W. J. Curry gav* his fifth lee-
ture, last Monday evening, on the
evolution of man, when standing
room was at a premium.
The concluding proofs of man's
descent from the lower forms of
life, were based on human embryology, and our rudimentary organs.
The speaker referred to th* missing links, many of whioh have
been exhumed since Darwin's time.
In 1856 waa discovered in Nean-
der Valley the bones representing ai
link between the anthropoid ape
and tht lowest types of savage
known. Similar bones, were found
ln the cave of Spy, Belgium, in
1887, and In 1891 Eugene Dubois
found on the Island of Java, skull
and bones representing an even
more primative ancestor of onr
race. This Dubois named Plthcan-
thropus or monkey-man. The skull
of this man-like-ape or ape-like-
man, was even nearer that of the
ape than the savage of Australia.
The speaker then took up the
subject of the evening, by first displaying the usual texts.. This road
as follows: "Evolution of man
proved by embryology and our rudimentary organs,"
Tho Blogcntic Law
.   Every organism in its individual
growth, represents the life history
of the race to which it belongs,
Thts law waB discovered by Ernest Haeckel, the great Oerman biologist.
Lantern slides were used to Illustrate the points of the speaker, and
these were made from illustrations
from Haeekel's "Evolution of
The flrst slide thrown on the
screen was the human ovum, a
minute globe of protoplasm containing an enveloping membrane,
and a nucleus of germ centre.
This not only represented the
starting point of man, and the othor
animals, but it represented also the
starting point of organized life on
this globe, which developed over a
hundred millions years ago. This
unicellular form of life is still represented in the amoeba.
But this female ovum of Itself
can never develop. The male cell
'must also function. In the ovum
shown, could also be seen some of
these spermatazoons, minute cells
Tylth long tails, and these wriggle
'their way thorugh the ovum until
one of them comes In contact with
the nucleus. It then fuses with
this and fertilization or conception
has taken place. \
' Think of an atom ofprotoplasm a
thousandth part of an inch iu diameter, containing neither brain or
nerves, yet fighting its way to meet
Its affinity, and so to bring Into being the highest form of life known
on earth.
Then there was shown a human
embryo four weeks old, simply a
mass of cells, proudced by the division of the ovum. This might have
been a young shark, a frog, dog,
apfi or man. The eyes were mere
points, the four limbs might be
fins, or logs. There was the gill
arches showing our descent from
the fish, and a tall much longer
than the limbs. At four weeks the
development had reached a stage
which was reached many millions
of years ago by the race.
The tail ls the rudimentary organ
inherited from our long-tailed ancestors. It disappears in the humun embryo in a few woeks, as it
does with our nearest relatives tho
anthropoid apes, but many cases
on record show that children have
been born with tails several Inches
long, and others have possessed a
hairy, coat at birth.
A slide which was of special interest, was a group of human embryos of various ages;
Another slide showed a young
Gibbon three inches long, which
resembled the human embryo much
more than the adult does the mature man.
Our Rudimentary Organs
The speaker then described some
of our rudimentary organs. The
end of our spinal column consists
of a hunch of bones entlcrly useless, once used by our tailed and
treo climbing ancestors.
Theso rudimentary organs have
gone out of business, but as yet not
out of existence.
The thyroid gland is useless, and
the seat of goitre. Tho appendix
once was a useful portion of our
digestive apparatus, in the rat and
goat lt still is. It ls a source of
danger to us now, and of financial
assistance to the surgeon and undertaker.
The teeth are getting softer bo-
Wage Slashing Campaign
Not Favored By Judge
(By the Federated Press)
New York*-:A week ago Judge E.
H. Gary, chairman of the United
States Steel Corporation, announced the Steel Corporation would
not cut prices or reduce wages
The samo day John Skelton Williams, comptroller of the crurency,
mado public a letter sharply critiz-
ing the Steel Corporation for Its
failure to lower prices of steel pro
ducts. Now the Natoinal City Bank
of New Tork, in its March circular,
adds its protest against the "no
reductions" policy of the Steel Corporation.
While neither the comptroller
nor the bank makes specific refer'
ence to wages, both seem to infe*
that price reductions would be
based upon wage reductions, and
the bank statement calls attention
to the fact that "the Independents
have Inaugurated wage reductions
without any serious trouble with
The savage denunciation of the
comptroller, followed by the less
vehement but no less peremptory
declaration of the bank, is causing
much speculation here as to the
real reason for the apparent falling
out of these business and flnanclal
executives. It has been suggested
that the renewal of efforts to organize the steel workers may have
something to do with Judge Gary's
position. The head of the Steel
Corporation is known to be one of
the most astute and adroit of the
country's big business men, and
should he later announce wage cuts
he would be ln a position to say he
had bcen attacked for not having
done so sooner,
"All the dlabolio cunning," says
the comptroller's letter, "and striving of the Bolsheviki of Russia can
do comparatively little harm here,
little toward creating revolutionary
and destructive Impulse compared
with the effects of Insistence by a
great corporation such as yours,
supposed to represent not only capital but character and brains, on
using the power given tt by circumstances and' the law to exact
the last hair's weight of its pound
of flesh.
"No insidious, sneaking propaganda," the letter continues, "of
highbrow or lowbrow apostles of
ruin could put ln the popular mind
so much poison as refusal by such
a corporation to' do lta part toward
solving a great and difficult problem, reviving industry and business
activities and promoting prosperity
and the peace and happiness of
The letter was written to Judge
Gary on January 15. It said further: "The earnings of the corporation were so large during 1918
that It could have doubled the
wages of evory ono of its 268,T10
employees and officers, and would
have a surplus left of $96,517,000."
Some merchants tn town do not
think your euwtom ts much use to
them, or thoy would advertise their
wares ln Tlie Federationist to secure your trade. Remember thts
when you are about to mnke a purchase.
Help  the  Fed,   by  helping our
cause of disuse. It is a case of
"use or lose,"
This has a social significance,
just as useful organs may become
useless and injurious. So it is with
social Institutions, and today society
is suffering and sick through these
useless institutions, which must be
removed if we aro to survive.
A parasitic class represents the
same priftlpal, It absorbs the social blood, restricts production, circulation, brings war, poverty and
degradation on the social body. It
must bc removed, if we are to have
sooial health. Tbls abolition of social parsitism is the one issue of
the day.
The subject Monday will be
Savage Survivals of Man."
Dr. Curry's lecture on "The Evolution of Man" continues to fill the
F. L. P. hall each Monday evening.
Last Monday the subject was "Our
Savage Survivals," This showed
whero a lot of our stupidity and
brutality, so prominent today,
came from. Just as we inherit our
physical form from our ancient
ancestors, so our Instincts come
from the same source, and are the
causo of much trouble to tho
world at present
Next Monday's subject will be
'Our Fathers of tho Stone Age."
Some very interesting Illustrations
will be thrown on the screen.
Several Lines of
Fine Boots
Our Price $7.50
Men's Tweed Caps 11.60    Men's Sox from, pair  Mo
Men's Work Shirts  »1.W    uen'a  Heavy  Bibbed  Under-
(Good  ones) wear, suit  0,50
Men's gloves (or, up _rom..05o    Blankets, pair $4.00
Men's Baincoats from $. .00 Nli'lit Shirts (good flannelette)
• for (2,00
Men's   Fine   Shirts,   separate
collar to matoh  .1.75 Overalls of all kinds.
18 and 20 Cordova St.
444 Main St.
We Like to Show
Our Diamonds
Diamonds in tbo loose form are a
particularly interesting sight even
to ua, who soe tbem every day.
The beauty of a single stone la ap-
pealing, but when you have spread
out before you literally hundreds of these precious stones,
lt Is truly dazzling and a sight well worth while. We Invite you to visit our Diamond Room lf only for a look"
you'll be undor no obligation whatever to buy.
Of course tf the viewing tempts you to buy, we take Ik aa
a tribute to our exceptionally worthy display*
The House of Diamonds
480-488   GranvUle   Street
At Corner Fender
Distributed    Communist.   Leaflets,
and   Is   Therefore   Sent
Bade to Russia
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—Fifty-flve men, four
women and twelve children, accusod of spreading propaganda, have
just arrived at Bills Island for deportation to Russia. Among them,
officially classed as a deportee, ls a
little girl of 12 years, Valcnlna
Bukovetsky by name. The "crime"
for which he is being expelled
from this country is the distribution of leaflets announcing a Communist meeting. The deportees are
mainly from Detroit, Cleveland,
Chicago and Pittsburg, and were
arrested in January, 1920,
Whon there ls a fight on the man
who gets ln and digs ls the one that
wo like. Get In now and dig, by
patronizing Tlie Federationist advertisers.
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page T,
and then patronize one of them,
and by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost.   >
Kurt WMk
A Muter Mtad of Kyitny
<.    Otber Big Future,
Phon. Seymonr S 498
Triendiy Enemies'
Featuring RAY B. COLLINS
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor, Hastings nnd Columbia
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record carried
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)    v
Prompt Servlca Fine Cars
334 Abbott Sb     Vnncouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
Matinee 2:30
Evenings  8:20
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc, at oost. Our stock
ls Big ,and so are'our Bargains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymonr 2748
tn that dark hour when sympathy and best service count se
much—call up
Phone Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Sey, aal     Day or Night
531 Homer St. Vnncouver, &G
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fair
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel
2398 Granville Street
Phone Bay 1100.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 121 Sixth Rt. W,
Phone N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Office aal
Chapel, 2111 Main Bt,
Phone Fairmont II,
IIH   OMIfto   IbHt
Bully MiTina, 11 ,.m. sal 7.10 ua.
tiun<j_r »c_o.l tmmtdlttt], folUwIei
re.rnloj atrrlu     W.d_,id«7 uulmosld
M Hastings St, B.
Patents* ThoM Who Patronise Teat
Douglaa hit beta labitltntel
(or R-P in thi aew telephone 41*
roctory whloh will fo Into ni* ea
February 27. Sereral hundred
numbers hare a\sa been change!
from R-P to Seymonr snd from
Seymour to Douglta,
It li Imperatlra thst yon oo*
ntw directory ao thl"
tot tho right number whon
suit tho ntw directory ao tbat
fro* tho right namboi
Dfa telephone call
British Columbia Telephone
Ring op Phone Seymour 2854
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
THE    ONLY    .,„uK    HADE
Best Quality—Right Prioes
383 Carrall Street,
 Sey. 1850	
•     ^CIDER-
UA' Non-alcoholic! wines ot ill
gggform ,-y^*)F_.}h_*»»l.
of highest grade and
sterling quality in greatest assortment, on terms
Cash or Credit
at prices far lower than
others, due to our low-
rent location and economical merchandising. We
iiVvite your inspection of
our great stoek without
solicitation  to  purchase.
Furniture Co.
416 Main Street
■H Opposite Olty HaU ■_■
Toronto Electrical Workers Line Up With the
British Unions
. Toronto, Ont.—Uniona from the
American Federation of Labor, because of dissatisfaction with lte
general policy and the pro-United
States' attitude toward international questions hy President Gompers,
plan affiliation with Britiih organizations,
The" Canadian Electrical Trades
Union, composed of a majority of
the organized workers of Toronto
and several other cltlea who recently left the A. F. ot L., haa
affiliated with the Electrical Trades
Union ot Qreat Britain, whloh has
90,0.0 ln the British Isles' and
headquartera ln Manchester.
Varloua Canadian local! of the
International Brotherhood of Elec
trlcal Workera are preparing te
secede and loin the new movement, which will affiliate with the
British Trade Union Congresa,
Jamea T. Gunn, aeoretary, aays.
SAVE MONEY by using
Smaller Grades of
Stove $12.50 Ton
The demand tor this coasts
proof of the quality.
This ts the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL lu Vancouver, bar
McNeill, Welch &
Phons Btrj. 4044-6
Dr. W. J. Downie
Master of Praetioal
Drugleu Healing
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Corner of Hastings
and Richards
Phones:    Seymonr 60S;
Highland . 1ML
No knife or poison used In
our treatment and
We have again te enlarge our
premises as we have installed
two more machines, these are
the flnt of their Und In Canada. The Blectric Vibrato-
Masseur ls simply marvelous!
vibrates, stimulates and massages every part ot the body,
tones the muscles, reduces
fat and Invigorates the entire
system ln the most pleasing
The IUeeland Traction Couch
has such a, relaxing and
soothing effect patients go to
sleep on It Make an appointment and Investigate for
We have the best equipped
sanltorium and the only one
ot Its kind on the Pacific
Coaet, using every method for
the eliminating of dlsoases by
Drugless Methods
IS Sll
10,000 Being Held to Pay
Debt of Old Czarist
Berlin.—More than 10,000 of
the Russian soldiers who fought ln
France for the allies In .the world
war are still being "held there by
the French government, despite repeated demands for their repatriation made by the Soviet authorities, according to an artlole In the
Paris Humanlte quoted from In
Rote' Fahne. Ot these, 1,500 are
held In Marseilles, 8,000 In Verdun, 2,060 ln northern France and
ISO ln Lorraine. The figures do
not Include the numerous Russians
turned over to the btg French
farmers for exploitation ln the
fields. Humanlte concludes Its
artlole by saying:
"They have been made to pay
with their blood and sufferings the
interest on the cursed debts contracted by Czarism. They do not
ask the French proletariat to escort them to the point ot em-
barcatlon with red flogs. In 'allied' France they have become
accustomed to being escorted by
negroes, with fixed bayonets."
By-Elections Give Labor
Two More Seats in
Labor has won three seats and
lost one in by-elections held ln
Oreat Britain during the past,two
weeks. In the Woolwich election
Ramsay McDonald was defeated
In contesting the seat formally
held by Will Crooks, Labor, who
retired owing"to failing health.
The result waa Captain Robert
Gee, Coalition candidate, 19,724;
McDonald, 18,041.
In the Dudley by-election, J.
Wilson, Labor, received 10,144,
thus defeating sir Arthur Orlf-
flths-Boscawen, the newly-appointed Minister of Agriculture, who
received 8,888. Sir Arthur defeated a labor candidate In 1811 by
over 1000 votes,
In the by-election In Klrcaldy,
Scotland, Tom Kennedy, Labor, received 11,674 votes, while Sir
Robert Lockhart, Coalition candidate, received 10,180 votes.
In the Penlstone (Yorkshire)
by-election, W. Glllls, the Labor
candidate, received a majority of
570 votes over the Independent
and Liberal candidates. The seat
was previously held by a Liberal.
Nearly Bait • Million Organised
Worken In Egypt—Delegatee to Moscow.
Rome—Reports received here
from Cairo tell of the organization
— aNSoolallst Party In Egypt, whioh
preparing Socialist literature In
Arablo for general distribution
among the workers, It ls said that
there are nearly 500,000 organized
workers In Egypt,
Egyptian unions were represent-
l at the Baku conference of Near
Eastern Peoples and they also have
delegates ln Moscow. The new So.
cialist Party Is expectod to affiliate
with the Third International and
with the Bolshevist All-Mohammedan League.
Sydney, N. S,—During a demon-
stratlon of unemployed here Sir. W.
Davidson, the governor, we*
mobbed ahd a detachment cf police
was stoned.
New U. S. Regime Has
Military Designs on
(By Paul Hanna, Staff Correspondent Federated Press)
Mexico City—Documents now
in Mexico City, which may later be
available for publication, prove beyond question that a group ot men
very close to the president ot the
United States, not only Intend to
force' military Intervention, but
have perfected plans which they
discuss in thetr private correspondence for the conquest of Mexico.
Internal disturbances here would
serve admirably to signal American
troops across the Rio Grande.
If circumstances develop favorably to plans now hinted at by
newspaper men who have watched
Fall and Harding, the promotion
of Fall to the State department
will be the signal for an attempt
to rush the United statea Into war
against Mexico. The Tamplco oil
fields will be the immediate booty
of any naval attack on the Mexican coast.
Financial Stringency Has
Effect on Building
Minneapolis—New light la now
thrown on the attempt of the Minnesota Building Employers Association to out wages by 20 per cent,
with the assertion by the Eleotrleal Workers Union No. 282, that
as labor-coats average only 84 1-8
per cent, of the total, the tentative
reduotton In wages would not affect the total expenses sufficiently
te eause any noticeable stimulus to
building, especially ln view ot the
tact that arbitrary wage cutting
would mean decreased efficiency.
Construction authorities are cited
In support ef this.
The eleotrleal workers have issued a statement In which the
stagnation tn the building Industry
ls blamed on "financial stringency."
The Building TradeB Counoll endorses the statement whloh points
out that because of the present
high interest rates, building enterprises ore less attractive to investors tban speculative propositions,
money to finance construction, consequently being hard to get.
Cost of living figures ars given
to show that present wage scales
are not high.
Some merchnnts ln town do not
think your custom Is much use to
them, or they would advertise their
wares ln Tho Fedorationist to secure your trade. Remember this
when you are about to make a purchase.
Where is your Union button?
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of them,
and by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
Bailln Has Documentary
Evidence Proving This
to Be True
New Tork.—Albert Bailln, alias
Balanow, the former private detective and Department of Justice
agent whoae confession haa been
published by the Federated Press
has wired Senator Knute Nelson,
chairman of the'senate judiciary
committee, offering to testify in
the Investigation of the administration ot Attorney-General- Pal
mer, which the committee is conducting.
"I have documentary evidence to
show that the department of Justice and the two agencies by which
I waa employed as a confidential
operative tor more than four years
have carried on Red propaganda
and notorious work, ln order to
keep their Jobs and make money,"
says the telegram. This Is the flrst
publlo statement ln whieh Bailln
has attempted to Implicate the department of Justice.
Ballin was arrested last fall on.
the charge of sending threatening
letters to Judges and other publie
officials connected with the arrest
and trial of membera of the Communist Labor Party. Be pleads
guilty, but asserts that he was ordered to send the letters by the
manager of a nationally known detective agency so that the agency'i
clients would appreciate the "fear"
lt had Inspired ln "revolutionary
Hla ease Is soon to bs tried ln
the United Statea district court
The Spirit
of Sacrifice
(By Arthur Thomson)
NO CAUSE ls worth mueh lf
Its followers are not willing
to make sacrifices. The Labor movement has men and women
who have made and are making
sacrifices, great sacrifices, but tt
needa more.
These are tlmea that try the
souls of men, that demand great
sacrifices from the rank and file,
ae well as the leaders of the movement of the new order. These are
times that demand clear thinking,
level-headedness and enthusiasm
for the cause lf you are to weather
the storm of reactionary sophistry,
lying and misrepresentation.
Never was thore a time when
the  necessity was greater tor a
And Breaking the Spirit
■' of British and French
Our professional politicians who
constitutes the present government
are doing great things. In conjunction with the French politicians they are "making the Germans pay." The German miners
are working long hours, seven days
a week In aome coses, at starvation wages, ln order to pay a war
Indemnity to France of so much
coal. This Is supposed to be for
the benefit ot France. It may be
for a tew French capitalists, but lt
Is not In the Interest ot the French
miners, who ws working short time
ln consequpence. Neither Is lt ln
the Interest of the British miner,
who ls also working short time by,
reason of the French market being
supplied by German coal, produced
under slave conditions.
We haf a also a Ship Joiner and
Carpenters' strike, whloh has gone
on for months. Ships are being
sent to Oerman ports for repairs,
as the work oan be done so mueh
cheaper hy under-paid, half-starved Oerman workmen.
It ls a great game. Enslave aome
million of workers In Central Europe under the popular cry of
"making Germany pay." Having
done ao, take their ships, send your
ships to them ts be repaired, and
make them produce your coal.
Never mind about throwing your
own workmen out of employment
and reducing them to a worse state
of starvation than the enslaved
Central Europeans. Tou are making the Germans pay, and, by and
bj.,-you'll break the spirit of your
own workmen at home, especially
the spirit of thoae stiff-necked
trade unionists. It may cost you
something at first; but ln the end
lt will pay. It you are a true patriot, Join the economy campaign,
and make Germany pay.—Northumberland Miner.
One dollar and fifty cents Is the
Oost for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
rpress that prints ths truth than
now.' The capitalist press won't
print the truth, lt dare not print
.the truth!
; The spirit ef sacrifice demands
that the press that tells the truth
be supported. Love of mankind,
the future of the movement, and
that,the truth may be spread
broadcast among the people, each
,dfmands thet this spirit ot sacrifice be heeded.
Ocean Workers Have Big
Scrap on Over Wage
New Tork—Five Labor organizations Involved ln a wage contra*
versy with the American Steamship Owners Association have now
consolidated, under the name of
the American Ocean Officers Conference. The organizations in the
new body are the Neptune Association, the National Organisation of
Masters, Mates and Pilots, the
Ocean Marine Engineers Beneficial Association No. 80, the Consolidated Marine Engineers Beneficial
Association No. 18, and the National United Radio Telegraphera
The consolidation wu viewed as
a strategic move on the part ot ths
Labor leaders in presenting a united front on the eve of the notloe
whloh Burt L. Todd, secretary.
treasurer of the Marine Engineers
Beneficial Association, said would
be served on the ooean tugboat
owners that the marine engineers
would nst accept the proposed il
per eent eut This meant, tt was
sold, that If the owners attsmpted
to put the reduced acale Into operation the engineers would refuse to
work.        ,
Officials of ths marine engineers
and firemen's organisation aald that
a general wage reduotton affecting
275,000 workers on the Atlantlo
nad Paclfie coasts had bean proposed by the employers.    '
Shirt Special
Slues 14 to 18V4
Prioes up to $4.00 for —  .$180
Prices up to $5.00 for 18.00
Prices up to $6.50 for .
$1.00 values at.
$1.25 values at.
$1.75 values at.
$2.00 values at.
$2.50 values at .
$2.75 values at.
$3.00 values at.
$3.50 values at.
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiere
I*'-'"*.'    2 Sores
While May Day hu been set as
the closing date ter the raising ot
»R,000 for the Federatlonist, It
should be understood that wa need
lt NOW.
San Francisco.—-Union labor hu
a dally^ The newsboys' strike
against a 20 per cent, reduction ln
commissions paid by tha Chronicle
and Examiner led ts the Rank and
File, the labor paper here, appearing dally Instead ot weekly. The
Hank and File's dally sales exoeed
those ot the capltaliat papers. Ths
labor Journal will appear dolly ea
long ea the newsboys' strike lasts,
and during that time will carry
Federated Press telegraph despatches on the labor situation In all
Porte ot the globe.
Brandon, Man. — Formation ef
the proposed co-operative wheat-
pool to market the products of the
grain growers of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta was approved
by the United Farmers of Manitoba
convention here.
MARCH 17th
Grand Irish Concert
and Dance
First Olass Artists First disss Musie
Concert, 8 p.m. Dancing, 10:80 p.m. to 1 a.m,
Admission: Oenti, $1.60; Ladlet, $1.00
Children, $ to 14, SSe.
"The Only Irish Concert in Vancourer"
OU Workers Help
The OU Refinery Workers at looo
have contributed ttt towarda the
maintenance fund. This la tha
firat unton to make a donation.
Tell your workmate that Tht
Federatlonist publishes news that
no other Vanoouver paper dares to,
and that lt Is delivered every Friday morning by the postman.
And Financial Security
And an Increased Circulation for the
Federationist by May Day
We need it in our fight for the working class      Will Continue Fight
How much are yon interested in that fight?
DURING the last two years the cost of production has
gone up 75 per cent. In addition to that all the active
reactionary forces have waged a fight against the
Federationist because of its clear-cut and uncompromising
The Federationist will continue to fight as it has in the
past for the workers, irrespective of their affiliations. When
the workers are struggling against their employers it is with
them on all occasions and without respect to craft, race or
creed. But it can only continue as long as the finances are
Labor versus Capital
Advertisers Withdraw
. Advertisers have withdrawn their support, while ad-
■ mitting the efficiency of the paper as an advertising medium.
Some of them have stated openly that unless the policy of the
paper was changed they would be compelled to withdraw
their patronage. A glance at our advertising columns will-
disclose just how far this opposition has gone.
No Change in Policy
The directors have faced the difficulties that have had to
be surmounted with a determination not to be dictated to by
advertisers. Feeling that unaided they could not wage the
fight that must be faced if the paper is t6 give the same
service as in the past, a number of workers who have shown
interest in the working-class movement, representing all
kinds of organized labor, were invited to a meeting to discuss the situation. It was decided unanimously that the
workers of the province and country should be appealed to
and their aid solicited.
When the line up is labor vs. capital, it can hardly be expected that the enemy will contribute .the sinews of war.
The fight is therefore one that the workers must assume.
This responsibility has been recognized by a large committee
which will work in the city of Vancouver with the object of
securing the amount mentioned above. Other parts will also
, be asked to add their quota in the fight and labor in all parts
will be asked to join in. We need the money. We need more
Clpse May Day
Need for Ready Cash
With restricted finances the highest prides have to be paid
for supplies owing to the fact that they must be bought in
small quantities. With ready cash this difficulty can be overcome and some saving effected. With the aid of the workers
the directors will be able to carry on and overcome the difficulties that face them. But if the fight is to be won it can
only be won by the working class and not by a few indl*
May Day is International Labor Day.
That day has been set aside for the conclusion of the campaign. Five thousand dollars and five thousand new subscribers by May Day. Official receipts will be sent to any
officer or responsible member of the working class for distribution. Let us know what you can do and intend doing
and the necessary supplies will be forwarded.
More Subscribers Needed
The Federationist has the largest circulation of any Labor
paper in Canada. Only two dailies in British Columbia exceed its circulation. As an advertising medium it has no
equal when the workers are to be readied. But there are
many workers who do not subscribe. This can be remedied.
Why not help in placing the Federationist in the premier
position regarding circulation?
Will You Help ?
Will you assist in aiding the Federationist to be in an independent position by May Day? Our fight is your concern.
You can aid us and we will assist you, but you must do your
bit and do it now.
Send As Much As You Can and As Often As You Can BEFORE MAY DAY
Let the Slogan be: "*Put the Federationist on Easy Street" pAGrsnr
Pork Special!
Being old-eiUbliihed ud being doilr
ou   of   maintaining   onr   reputation   for
SQUARE DEALING, we are in tbe habit
of calling a •parte a SPADE, and not a
In advertising oar Pork Shoulder Special wo wlah to state that these are Shoulders, not Legs.   At the present prioe of
hogs Pork Legs can not be purchased at
a price approaching 26 i-2c lb.
Friday and Saturday Special, oar Famous
Pork Shoulders, weighing from 5 to 9
lbs.; reg. SSe lb.   Special, tb. ....26 1-Se
Quality Oven Roasts, from, lb. - 18c
Quality Pot Roasts, from, lb 16c
Quality T-Bone Roasts, from, lb 32c
Quality Sirloin Roasts, from, lb SOe
Quality Stew Beef, from, lb 20c
Quality Boiling Beef, from, Ib 16c
SLATER'S|"Left Wingf Communism
Real Stew Lamb, lb 22c
Real Shoulder Lamb, lb 27 1-Bc
Real Loins Lamb, lb „ 96c
Real Legs Lamb, lb 38 1-fic
Rout Beef Dripping, lb - 25c
Siallty Boef Dripping, lb 20c
ckled Beef Tongues, lb 36c
Ou Famona  Middle  Cuts  of Pork;
practically no bone; from ato 10 lbs.
each.   Regular 40o lb.   Friday and
Saturday, lb .....84 l-2o
Pork Loin Roasts, from, lb. .
Rump Roasts, from, lb 28c
Ob sale Friday   and   Saturday,   our
Famous Rolled Beef Roasts, ln cuts
from 2 to 10 lba.  Regular 36c  Friday and Saturday,  lb 26 l-2c
Quality Tomatoes, large tins, 2 for ....SSo
Quaker Peas, 2 for  36o
Quaker Corn, 2 for 36c
Slater's Famous Oreen Label Orange
Pekoe Tea; rogular 50o lb.  Friday
and Saturday, 8 lbs, for $1.00
Ob Friday and Saturday wo will soil onr
Famous Streaky Bacon ln half or whole
alabs.   Regular 66o per lb.   Friday and
Saturday, por lb _....„.„.„...3» l-2c
Our 4So Siloed Bacon, now .... 40c
Our 60c Sliced Bacon, now ..........460
Our 65o Siloed Bacon, now  .....60c
Our 60o Sliced Bacon, now ..... 66c
Why pay morel
Ob Friday and Saturday wo will sell our
Famous Picnic Hams.   Regular 28 l-2e
lb.  Speeial, per Ib.  -.86 l-8o
Ob Friday and Saturday we will sell
Our Famons Sugar Cured Picnic
Hams; rogular SSe lb. Special at,
par lb.   801-8c
These ara specially cured for Slater
Ob Saturday, from 7 a.m. to 11 a.m. wo
 «r«i t«ll ««r PmeH   Alberta   Butter.
Begular 60c lb.   Special, lb 61c
Limit 6 lbs.
Ob Saturday, from 6 a.m. to 11 a.m.
We WIU sell our Famous Alberta
Creamery Butter Special. Regular
• lba. for fl.40. Speeial at 8 lbs.
tn      $1.15
An   Infanti
(Note by Editor—The question of affiliation wtth the Third or Moeoow
International, la being discussed ln Socialist circles throughout the
world. The terms of affiliation have caused more than one split In Socialist parties. In view of these facts, and that Lenin is no doubt aware
of all that theBe terms Imply, and that he is a master of worklnf-otaas
tactics, we feel that a perusal of the latest work of the head of the Soviet regime in Russia, "Left Communism, An Infantile Disorder," will be
of great assistance to our readers In arriving at definite conclusions as
to the programme of the Third International. We therefore publish
in serial form the work referred to, andpubllah the fourth Instalment this
week. This work vug published In the Old Land by the British Com'
munist Party.)
[By Nikolai Lenin]
(Continued from last week)
Guaranteed Pun Lard.   Regular 26c per
"     ~     ' * " .....„_.....SOe
lb,  Speeial, per lb.
Our Famoua Boned and Rolled Hams
(hind legs) on sale Friday and Saturday.   Regular 65c.   Speeial, whole
or half, por lb.  40 1-fic ,
Fineat Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for. SSe
Libby's Olltes, 2_for  .  260
Tumblers  lilted Pickles, 2 for .
Finest Prunes, 2 lbs. for .......	
Shelled Walnute, lb	
Its Hastings Stmt Eaat. Phone Sey. 8262
1181 Oranvllle Stnet Phone Sey. 6148
I860 Main Street Phoae Fair. 1683
ISO Oranvillo Street       Phone Say. 866
Free Delivery to AU Parti.
Quality Spuds; sack  _ Jl.36
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL-President, 3. M. Clarke,
rise-president, R. W. Hatley; aeoretary
I 0. Smith; treasurer, A. S. Wells;
M'geant-at-arms, E. Horne; trustees,
flair, Vanrubien, Bteverwright and Midgley. Meets Srd Wednesday each montb
tf the Pender Hall, eorner of Pender and
we streets.  Phone Bey. 281,
•11—Meets   aeoond    Monday    in   the
■onth.   Preaident, J. F. MeCoanell: see*
rotsry, R. H. Neelands, P. 0. Bes 66.
Beed brieklayera or masons for boiler
works,   ete.,   or   marble  setters,   phone
Brieklayera' Union, Labor Temple.
0. B. D.—President, E. Andre; secre*
tary, W. Servioe, Meeta Snd and 4th
Wednesday ln each month ln Pender Hall,
•or. ef Pender and Howe streets. Phone
ley.  281.
ployees, Loeal 28—Meeta every second
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 p.m.
lad every fourth Wednesday in the month
tt 8:80 pjn. President, John Cummlngs,
teeref- -y and business agent, A. Oraham.
OBee snd meeting hall, 441 Seymonr Bt.
W. Phone Bey. 1681. Ofllce hours, 8
Ma. to 6 p.m.
Association, Looal 88-52—Office and
hsll, 162 Cordova St. W. Meets Arst
en< third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treuurer, F. Chapman; business agent,
B. Richards,
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4tb Mondays. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Tew
St., Kitsllano; .secretary, E. T. Kelly,
I860 Hastings Bt: E.; recording socretary,
L. Holdsworth, 688—14th St. W., North
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
Ab Industrial union of al) workers in logging and construction camps. Coast District snd Oeneral Headuuarters, 61 Cor-
love fit. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7856. E. Winch, general eeeretery-
treaiurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. 0.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar A Chiene, Vancourer, B. 0.
No Compromise Whatever?
WE HAVE SEEN, in the quotation from the Frankfurt pamphlet,
with what determination the "Left*' put forward this slogan. It
is sad to see how men who doubtless consider themselves Marxists,
and who desire to be Marxists, have forgotten the fundamental truths of
Marxism. Thla Is what was written in 1874 against the Manifesto of
thirty-three Communard Blanqulsts* by Engels, who, like Marx was one
of those rarest of authors who in every sentence of every great work
show a wonderful profundity of content.
*"We are Communists," write the Communard Blanquists   In  their  manifesto,
because wo wish  to attain our aim directly,  without stopping   at   intermediary
stations, without any compromises, which only postpone the day of victory and prolong the period of slavory."
"The German Communists are Communists beoause, through all Intermediary stages and compromises, created not by tbem, but by the course
of historical development, they clearly see and perpetually follow the
one final end, the abolition of classes and the creation of a social system
in which there will no longer be any place for private property In land
or In the means of production. The thirty-three Blanqulsta are Communists because they imagine that, since they want to leap over Intermediary stations and compromises, the cause ls aB good as won, and lf
(and of this they are firmly convinced) things "begin moving" one of
these days, the power will get Into their hands, "then Communism will
be introduced" the day after tomorrow. Consequently, if this cannot be
done Immediately, they are not Communists. What a childish naivete—
to put forward one's own impatience as a theoretical argument!"**
**Fr. Engels' Prgramme of the Communard Blanquists, from the German S.D.
paper VolkBtaat, 1874, Mo. 78, in the collection of Articles of tbe years 1671-1875
(Rusaian translation, Petrograd, 1919, pp. 62 and 68.)
In the same article Engels expresses his profound esteem for Vaillant,
and speaks of the "undeniable merit" of the latter (who, like Guesde,
was one pf the most prominent leaders of international Socialism prior
to August, 1914, when both turned traitor to the cause of Socialism)
But Engels does not leave an apparent mistake without a detailed analysis. Of course, to very young and Inexperienced revolutionists, as well
as to petit-bourgeois revolutionists (even though very experienced and
of a respectable age), It seems most dangerous, Incomprehensible. and
Incorrect to allow compromises.
And many sophists, by virtue of their" being super- or over-"experi-
enced" politicians, reason the same way as the English leaders of Op
portunism, mentioned by Comrade Lansbury: "If the Bolsheviks permit
themselves compromises, why should not we be allowed them?" But
proletarians, schooled ln manifold strikes (to take only this manifestation of the class war), usually comprehend perfectly this most profound
(philosophical, historical, political and psychological) truth, as expounded by Engels. Every proletarian who has gone through strikes
has experienced compromises with the hated oppressors and exploiters,
when the workers had to get back to work, sometimes without obtaining
their demands, sometimes consenting to a partial compliance only. Every
proletarian, because of that state of the class struggle and Intensification
of class antagonisms In which he liven, distinguishes between a compro-
(jnist. extorted from him by objective conditions (such as lack of funds In
the treasury, no support from without, starvation, and the last stage of
exhaustion)—a compromise which in no way lessens the revolutionary
devotion and readiness of the worker to continue the struggle—and, on
the other hand, the compromise of traitors, who ascribe to objective reasons their own selfishness (strike breakers also effect a "compromise"),
to their cowardice, to their desire to fawn upon capitalists, and to their
readiness to yield sometimes to threats, sometimes to persuasion, sometimes to sops and flattery on fhe part of capitalists. Such treacherous
compromises are especially plentiful In the history of the English labor
movement, made by leaders of the English trade unions; but in ono form
or another nearly all workers ln every country have witnessed similar
To be sure individual cases of exceptional difficulty and intricacy do
occur, when It is possible to determine the real character of such a compromise only with the greatest effort; Just as there are cases of murder
ln which lt ls anything but easy to decide whether the murder was fully
Justifiable, and, In fact, necessary (as, for example, legitimate self-defence), or an unpardonable piece of negligence, or again ,a skilfully premeditated treacherous plan. Of course, In politics, Involving sometimes
very Intricate national or International relationships between classes and
parties, many cases will arise much more difficult than the question of a
lawful compromise during a strike, or the treasonable compromise of a
strike-breaker, a traitorous leader, etc. To invent such a formula or
general rule as "No Compromises," which would serve In all cases, Is an
absurdity. One must' keep one's head In order not to lose oneself tn
each separate case. Therein, by the way, lies the importance of a party
organization and of party leaders worthy of the name, that, ln long,
stubborn, varied and variform struggle, all thinking representatives of a
given class may work out the necessary knowledge, the necessary experience, and, apart from all knowledge and experience, the necessary political instincts for the quick and correct solution of intricate political
*So long as classes exist, so long as non-class society haa not fully entrenched and
will bn tn every class, and even in tho most enlightened countries, class representatives who neither think nor aro capable of thinking. Capitalism would not be the
oppressor of the masses that it is, were this not ao.
Naive and i(uite inexperienced persons imagine that lt if sufficient to
recognize the permissibility of compromise in general, and all differences
between opportunism on the one hand (with whtch we do and must
wage uncompromising war) and revolutionary Marxism or Communism
on the other will be obliterated. But for those people who do not yet
know that all distinctions In nature and ln society are unstable (and,
to a certain extent, arbitrary), nothing will do but a long process of
training, education, enlightenment, political and everyday experience.
In practical questions of the polloy appropriate to each separate or
specific historic moment It ls important to be able to distinguish those
in which are manifested the main species of inadmissible treacherous
compromises, which embody opportunism detrimental to the revolutionary claes, and to direct all possible efforts towards elucidating and
fighting them. During the imperialist war of 1914-1918, between two
groups of equally ruffianly and rapacious countries, such a main fundamental species of opportunism was soclal-chauvlnism, that is, upholding
"defence of the Fatherland," which, In such a war, was really equivalent
to a defence of the plundering interests of one's own bourgeoisie. Since
the war, the defence of the robber "League of Nations"; the defence
of direct or Indirect alliance with the bourgeoisie of one's country
against the revolutionary proletariat-and the "Soviet" movement; the
defence of bourgeois democracy and bourgeois parliamentarism against
'Soviet power"; such are the chief manifestations of those Inadmissible
and treacherous compromises which, taken all In all, have given rise
to an opportunism fatal to the revolutionary proletariat and its cause.
"With all determination to reject all compromise with other parties
... all policy of temporizing and manoeuvring" write the German
"Left" In the Frankfurt pamphlet.
It Is to be wondered at that, holding-such views, the left do not decisively condemn Bolshevism! Surely it ts not possible that the German
Left were unaware that the whole history of Bolshevism, both beforo
and after the October Rovolution, is full of instances of manoeuvring,
temporizing and compromising wtth others, the bourgeois partlea Included I
To carry on a war for the overthrow of the international bourgeoisie,
—Afflliated with Trades and Labor Coun-
dl and Theatrical Federation, Vancouver,
President, 3. R. Foster; secretary and
treasurer, T, W. SepBted. Ofllce and meeting room, 810 London Building, Pender
It. W. Regular meeting night, flrst
Sunday In each month at 7:80 p.m, Busl-
sess Agent, W. Woolrldgo. Phone Fraser
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Wm. Hunter, 816 Tenth Ave., North Vanoouver; flnanclal secretary, E. Ooddard,
•66 Richards Street; recording secretary,
3. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
en Bridgemen, Derrlckraen and Riggers
•f Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., in 0. B, U. Hall, 604
Pander St. W. President, A. Brooks;
Inanclal secretary and business agent, W.
Tucker.   Phone,  Seymour 291.
Meeta laat Sunday of eaeh month at
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•resldent, 0. H. Collier: aocretary-treae-
irer. R. H. neelanda. Bos 66.
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Ut and Srd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. and
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rive; reeordiag-seoretary, F. E. Griffin,
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ness agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; ofllce corner Prior and Haln
Sts.   Phone Fair 8604R. -
of the 0. B. U. meets on the flrst and
third Wednesday of every month. All
members in this district are Invited to
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
flrst Honday In each month, 6 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Lawson; recording secretary, C. McDonald, P. 0. Box 606; flnanclal seoreUry, T, Templeton, P. 0. Box 608.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Couneil—Mr-eta flrat snd
third Wedneadaya, Knlgbta of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 6 p.m. President, A. 0. Pike; vice-president, C. E.
Copeland; seoretary-treasurer, E. S.
Woodward, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B.O.
Secrn tary-treasurer,  N.  Booth,  Box  217,
Prince Rupert.
PRINCE  RUPERT  0.  B.  U.—Secretary-treasurer, N. Booth, Box 217, Prinoe
^COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every Tuesday ln the Mclntyre HaU at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B, U. memberi. Secretary-treasurer, . N. Booth, Box SIT
Prince Rnpert, tf. 0,
Hand your neighbor this oopy of
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Kirk & Co.
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PhoMt ■ajmomr imi ul tet
a war a hundred tlmn mortltUBcSiK, prolonged and complicated than
the mont etubborn ot ordinal?" vita between countries, and to refuse
beforehand to manoeuvre, to utlllae the confllot (even though tempor
ary) of interests between one'a1'enemies; to refuse co-operation and com.
promise frith possible (even though transient, unstable, vacillating, and
conditional) allies—la not thlp aa infinitely laughable thing? Is It not
as though, in the dlffloult nt—iit of an unexplored and heretofore inaccessible mountain, we were'to.renounce beforehand the idea that we
might have to go sometimes in slgusags, sometimes retracing our steps,
sometimes giving up the course once selected and trying various others?
And people who are so Ignorant 'and Inexperienced (it Is all right if
this Is due to their youth—the Lord Himself has ordained that during
a certain time the young should 141k nonsense) are supported in this
uncompromising attitude—directly or Indirectly,, openly or covertly,
wholly or partially—by certain Dutch Communists!
After the flrat Socialist revolution of the proletariat, upon the overthrow of the bourgeoisie ln a country, the proletariat remains for
time weaker than the bourgeoisie, simply by virtue of the latter'e far-
reaching International connections, and also on account of the ceaseless
nnd spontaneous re-birth of capitalism and the bourgeoisie, through the
small producers of commodities in the country which has overthrown
them. To overcome so potent an enemy is possible only through the
greatest effort and by dint of the obligatory, thorough, careful, attentive and skilful utilization of every breach, however small, between the
enemies; of every clash of interests between the bourgeoisie of all countries, between various groups and species of bourgeoisie within individual countrios; of every posslbilty, however small, of ganlng an ally,
even though he be temporary, shaky, unstable, unreliable and conditional. Who has not grasped this has failed to grasp one Iota of
Marxism and of scientific practtoe, during a considerable period of timo
and insufficiently varied political situations, his ability to apply tho truth,
has not yet learned to aid the revolutionary class In Its struggle for
the liberation of all tolling humanity from Us exploiters. All this applies equally to tho period beforo and after the conquest of political
power by the proletariat.
Our theory ls not a dogma,, but a manual of action, said Marx and
Engels; and the greatest mistake, the greatest orime of "patented"
Marxists like Karl Kautsky, Ottor Bauer, etc., Is that they have not
understood this, that they were unable to apply It In the most important
moments of the proletarian revolution. "Political activity ls not the
pavement of the Nevsky Prospect," (the clean, broad, level pavement
of the perfectly straight mhln street In Petrograd) N. O. Chernlshevsky,
th» great Hussion Socialist In the pre-Marxlan period, used to say. The
Russian revolutionaries, from the time of Chernlshevsky, have paid
with Innumerable victims for Ignoring or forgetting this truth.' It ls
necessary by every means to prevent Left Communists and West European and American revolutionaries who are devoted to the working-
class from paying as dearly for the assimilation of this truth as did the
baokward Russians.
Before the downfall of Czarism, the Russian revolutionary Social
Democrats made use repeatedly of the service of tho bourgeois Liberals
I.e., concluded numerous practical compromises wltb them. In 1901-2,
before the rise of Bolshevism, the old editorial staff of Iskra (comprising Plekhanov, Axelrod, Zaslitch, JIartov, Potrossov, and myself)
concluded a short-lived, political alliance with Struve, the political
leader of bourgeois Liberalism, an. succeeding at the same time of
waging a most merciless ideological and political war against bourgeois
Liberalism and against the slightest manifestation of its Influence within
the working-class movement. The Bolsheviks always continued the
same policy. Prom 1905 they systematically advocated a union of
tho working class and peasantry against the Liberal bourgeoisie and
Czarism. At the same time they never refused to support the bourgeoisie against Czarism (for Instance, during the second stage of the
election, or in recounts), and never ceased the most irreconcilable
ideological and political flght against the bourgeois revolutionary peasant party, the "Socialist Revolutionaries," exposing thom as petty
bourgeois democrats, falsely masquerading as Socialists.
In 1907 the Bolsheviks, for a short time, formed a formal political
bloc In tho Duma elections with the "Socialist Revolutionaries." Between 1903 and 1912 we were for several years formally united with
the Mensheviks in ono Social-Democratic party, never ceasing our
ideological and political Influence to the proletariat. During the wnr
we acoepted some compromise with the "Kautsklans," who were partly
"Left Mensheviks (Martov) and partly "Socialist Revolutionaries"
(Chernov and Natanson), sitting together wilh them ln .Zimmerwald
and Kienthal, and issuing, manifestoes in common; but we nover censed
and never slackened our Ideologlro-'polttlcal light with the "Kautsklans,
Martov and Chernov. (Natanson died in 1919, quite near to us, being
a "Revolutionary Communists—Narottnik—and almost agreeing with
us,) At the very moment of the October Revolution we effected an
informal (a very Important and 'highly successful) political bloc with
the petit bourgeois peasantry, having accepted fully, without a single
change, the "Socialist Revolutionary" agrarian programme—that 'Is,
we effected an undeniable compromise, in order to prove to the peasants
that we do not want to dominate them, but to come to an understanding with them. At the sa'me time we proposed, and soon realized, a
formal political bloc with the "Left'Socialist Revolutionaries," involving
working together ln the same Government. They broke up this bloc
after the conclusion of the Brest Peaee, and then went as far as an
armed insurrection ngainst us In July, 1918. Subsequently they began nn armed struggle atrri.nnt.Ais:
It is therefore comprehensible why all the attacks made by the
German "Left" upon the Central Committee of the Communist Pai'ty
of Germany (because the latter entertained the idea of a bloc with tho
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany," the Kautsklans)
seem to us not at all serious, -and prove to ns the palpable error of
the "Left." We in Russia also hud Right MenshevikB (who participated
in thc Kerensky Government and who correspond to the German
Scheidemann.) and Left Mensheviks (Martov) who were in opposition
to the Right Wing, and who correspond to the German Kautsklans. We
clearly observed, in 1917, how the working musses were gradually
abandoning the Mensheviks to come over to the Bolsheviks. At the
flrst All-Russian Congress of Soviets, in. June, 1917, we had only 13 per
cent.; thc majority of votes were for the Socinlist Revolutionaries and
the Mensheviks At the Second Congress nf Soviets (October 26, 1917—
old style) we had 51 per cent. Why, In Germany, did a wholly similar
movement of the workers from Right to Left flrst strengthen, not the
Communists, but the Intermediate party of the "Independents"?—although this party never had any Independent political idea of Its own,
no independent policy of its own, but only wavered between the
Schcldcntanns and the Communists.
Obviously, one of the causes was the erroneous tactics of the German
Communists, who must fearlessly and honestly admit this mistake and
learn to correct It. The mistake consisted In rejecting participation ln
the reactionary bourgeois parliament and in the reactionary trade
unions; it consisted In the numerous manifestations of that "Left" infantile disorder which has now appeared on the surface. And the
quicker It docs so, thc better; the more beneficial to the organism will
be the cure.
The German "Independent Social-Democratic Party" Is obviously
not homeogenous. The old opportunist leaders (Kautsky, Hllferding,
and, to a considerable extent it' seems, Crlspen, Ledebour and others);
have proven their Inability to understand Soviet power and dictatorship
of the proletariat, their Inability to lead the latter in its revolutionary
struggle. Side by side wtth them, there has arisen In this party a Loft
proletarian wing which ls growing with admirable rapidity. Hundreds
of thousands of members of this party (and tt has, lt seems, up to
three-quarters of a million members) are proletarians who have left
Scheidemann and are marching rapidly towards Communism. This proletarian wing has already proposed (at the Leipzig, 1919, Conference of
the Independents) an immediate and unconditional affiliation with the
Third International. To feur a "compromise" with this wing of the
party iB really laughable. On the contrary lt Ib incumbent upon Communists to seek and to find an appropriate form of compromise with
them; sucli a compromise as, on the one hand, would facilitate and
accelerate the necessary complete fusion with this wing and, on Uie
other, would In no way tie the hands of the Communists in their Ideo-
polKlcal struggle against the opportunist Right wing of the Independents. Probably it will not be easy to work out the appropriate form
of compromise, but only a charlatan could promise to the German
workmen and Communists an easy way to victory.
Capitalism would not be capitalism lf the proletariat "puro and
simple" were not surrounded,by. a great many exceedingly variegated
and transitory types between the proletarian to the seml-proletarlan
(who earns a livelihood halfway by selling his labor power); from the
seml-proletarlan to the small peasant (and smnll craftsman, handicraft
worker, and Bmall master In genpral; from tho small to the middle
peasant and so on; and if, within' the proletariat itself, there were no
divisions into more and less advanced sections—friendly, professional
and sometimes religious societies, etc. And this gives rise to the absolute, imperative necessity for the conscious part of the proletarian vanguard, the Communist Party, to. resort to manoeuvres, temporizings, and
compromises wtth the various groups of proletarians, with the various
partlea, with the workmen am) petty masters.
The whole point lies in being able to apply these tactics to raise and
not to lower the general level of proletarian class-consciousness and
revolutionary ability to flght. and conquer. It Is noteworthy, by the
way, that the victory of the Bolsheviks over the Mensheviks demanded,
not only before the October revolution of 1917, but also after lt, the application of such tactics, of manoeuvring, temporising and compromise—
such, of course, as would facilitate, accelerate, consolidate the Bolsheviks at the expense of the Mensheviks. The petit bourgeois democrats
(Including the Mensheviks) Invariably vacillate between the bourgeoisie
and the proletariat, between bourgeois democraoy and the Soviet system, between reformism and revolution, between love for the workers
and fear of the proletarian dictatorship, etc. The correct tactics of tho
Communists should consist ln utilizing concessions to the element that
turns towards the proletariat. The time, the direction and the extent
of these concessions muBt be determined by circumstances; the questions to be considered being simply when and how far those elements
turn toward the proletariat. At the same time a flght must be waged
against the elements which turn towards the bourgeoisie. As a result
of the application of correct tactics, Menihevlsm, disintegrated more
and more, ls now falling to pieces; the obstinately opportunist loaders
are being 'deserted, and the beat workers, the best elements from the
petit bourgeois democracy, are being brought Into our camp. This Is a
long process, and the hasty decision: "No compromise, no manoeuvring" oan only prevent the strengthening of the influence of the revolutionary proletariate, and the lnoreaslng of Itt force.
Finally, one of the obvious mistakes of the "Left" In Oermany la their
unequivocal refusal to recognlie the Versailles Treaty. The more "solidly" and "Importantly," the more "determinedly" and dogmatically this
viewpoint I* maintained (by X. Homer, for Instance), the leas sensible
It appear* H le Mt sufflclent, In th* present condltlona et the inttrna-
—    -     -    , gate I),
The B. L. P. Position
Editor B. C, Federationist: In
the Issue of Feb. 11, F. Clarke In
his letter Is giving us his conception of what Is reactionary; but
what Is revolutionary and what
stand he takes In the Labor movement, he does not Inform us about.
His Imagination has discovered
a corpse that pollutes the atmosphere, and worshippers at some
urn containing ashes. The same
old story used, when attacking the
S. L. P. A happy dream Indeed,
for all those who wish that S. L,
P. of A. was dead. That dream
has not come true. They have
not been able to bury it, in spite
of all their exaggerated criticism,
sabotage and foul tricks. S. L. P,
is alive and stronger than ever.
Uninformed workers may read F.
Clarke's letter and take lt for
good, but not all workers swallow
all that la handed out.
To argue with a man that
won't reason ls to waste time and
energy. It Ib up to the workers
to study and flnd out and then to
draw their own conclusion. Those
who oppose the S. L. P, of A., do
also oppose Socialist industrial
Unionism, cased upon scientific
Socialism. J,  F.  M, h.
Ladysmlth,  B.  C,
Feb.   18,   1921.
 Maroh 11, 1921  t
Lumber Workers Withdrawal
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: At
a propaganda meeting held by the
Finnish Unit of the O. B. U., on
January 81, when there were a
number of members of the Lumber Camp and Agricultural Work
ers present, the question concerning the Lumber Workers withdrawal from the O. B. U. and thc
manner ln which tho delegates at
the coast convention acted regarding It was discussed, and the following resolution passed:    .
"Whereas, it appears that ln
many camps the members had been
in favor qf the Coast District withdrawing from the general headquarters of the Lumber Camp and
Agricultural department, and join
direct with the O. B. U., and had
Instructed their delegates to act
"And whereas, the convention
amended thc said question to such
a form that the membership now
has to decide between democratic
Industrial unionism, as they calt It,
and the present form of organization, and thus have made it Impossible for many members to vote
according to their original opinion,
"Therefore, be it resolved, that
this meeting express Its dissatisfaction of the situation to which
the Coast convention bos brought
us, and although we realize that
very Uttle can be done at present
to alter the situation, this meetnig
recommends that all fellow workors ln all parts should take up this
question at their meetings.
'And be It further resolved, that
this resolution be published in The
B. C. Federatlonist."
S 1406.
S   85.
Charlottetown, P. E. I.—Three
professors in Prince of Wales College are striking for* increased
salaries and five others threaten
to Join them. Thts institution was
tied up for a week last September
when every member of the staff
quit and refused to return until
a slight Increase was granted.
and Other Work
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German Trade Unionists
Taking on New
Berlin—The tactics of the Communists to split the German trade
unions by "boring from Within" ia
roundly scored in a resolution adopted by the executive hoard ot the
Metal Workers Union. The meeting was called to deliberate as to
how the announced Intention of
the Communists to split the trade
union movement was to he met. It
was attended by delegates from
every dlstriot within the Oerman
"The growing power of capitalistic enterprise and reaction," says
the  resolution,   "makes  every at-
W. E. Fenn's School
Dionos: Sey. 101—Sey. 3058-O
Sooial Dances Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
tempt to weaken and split our organization treacherous." Whoever,
upon orders from outside the
unions, takes part In this agitation
Is deolared to be unfit to hold offlce
and to take part ln its activities.
"Unfortunately the political battle front of the working class haa
been broken," says the resolution
tn another paragraph. "The free
trade unions, however, still present
a united front The Oerman Federation of Labor, therefore, is confronted with the solemn duty to
give voice to the demands and
rights of the 8,000,000 organised
workers ot Oermany."
The resolution Is significant as a
barometer ot the apparent shift ln
the tactics of the German Labor
movement aa the Metal Workers
Union, which has a membesship of
more than 1,500,000, has always
been regarded aB one of the most
radical. It was from the ranks ot
thla union that the forerunners of
the Oerman revolution were re.
crulted—most of the sailors Were
members of this body. Even at
Hamburg, the chief centre of Com-
munlBtlo radicalism within this
union, the recent eleotlon of local
officers netted the Communists
only one-third of the votes cast
tialon officials, writo for prico..   Wo
Oa an. after Jan. 1, 1020, wo will be
locatod st 1139 HOWE ST.
Detroit—That 600,000 men are
committed to prison and the same
number discharged each year ln
the United States la proof that present methods of dealing with crime
have failed, Dr. George W. Kirch-
wey, who succooded Thomaa Mott
Osborn as warden of Sing Sing
prison, said. In a lecture hero. "To
open prison doors and change the
punitive criminology of today to
preventive criminology by offering
convicted men help based on common senso, humanity and science
is the way to meet the problem of
crime," he said.
While Hay Day haa been set as
the closing date for the raising of
»5,0M> for the Pederattonlst, It
should bc understood that we need
it NOW. I
Cost Quarter of a Million
Dollars to Def end 79
(By the Federated Press)
Washington—With the filing tn
the United States supreme court
Monday of a petition for a writ of
certiorari, the legal battle for the
freedom ef William D. Haywood
and 28 other members of the Industrial Workera of the World,
who were convicted after sensational trials ln Chicago ln 1018 on
charges of conspiracy to violate
the Selective Service (Draft) Act,
and the Espionage Aot, enters its
final stage.
The defense of this case and of
two other conspiracy cases against
members of that organization al'
ready Is said to have'cost the I.
W. W. approximately $225,000, and
the organization has raised about
1500,000 ln ball.
Haywood and about sixty ot the
petitioners, who were sentenced to
from Ave to twenty' years In prison,
today are out on ball. The others
are ln the federal prison at Leavenworth,
The tons of documents seized tn
the raids of 1017, which were used
ln the trial before Judge Landis,
have been certified to the supreme
court Thla means that they do
not have to be copied Into the
printed record, but that the original exhibits themselves must be
transmitted to Washington. Their
bulk la believed to be greater than
any aggregation of documentary
proof ln any previous ease.
Tes, we can supply you with sub'
cards for that Job of hustling subs.
. -. .ol tj, t_ '     -  .
WHEN Henry's heart had ceafsd to bew.
And stiff wu he from )Mad_to feet,
Hia spirit left hia lifeless meat ni
Its prison house of clayl..-.-. . •■•
And borne en aery pinions fleet.  -,. '
Across the Milky Way, r...    sft
Waa dumped before God's Judgment seat,
God's great auriferous judgment aeatl
On Ood's great Judgment Day.
The Abrltrator, stern and dread,
Upraised His all-tenebrio.ua hee*
Judlc'ly to scan lt,
Then In reproachful accents sal*f
"Oh!   Soul that once Inhabited.
My most unruly planet.
Where sin has multiplied and bred
Far fouler sin since Bve wa* wed.
And brought by Adam's seed to bed   ■ .   ...
With Cain who first began ltt
Onee flesh of flesh and bene of bone
Of mortals who did once disown
Tbe Christ, and had bim slain!
And to uphold eaeh bloated drone
Did mine appointed prophets stone,
And drove my seers Insanel
Who Jar the musle of my throne
Witk lamentation, ourae, and groan;
Speak Soull how dlds't tt»u help atone
For Earth's surfeit orpaln t"
To saintly Jury there lt seemed ,
As though that spirit's vlstage beamed
With the Intense delight,    .
That leap* from lover* who hay* dreamed
'   Of visions fair and bright! .
Uke on* assuredly redeemed
It spake without affright—
•Dear Father (her* tbe spirit knelt)
I (wear most solemnly,
That I, a dour and stolid Celt,
Contrite and humble earthward dwelt.
And tolled unoeaainglyl
Teal tolled, Indeed, until I felt—   '
Or thought I did—my marrow, melt,        '
And never heard, nor saw, nor smelt
One scrap of luxury!
With hope of Heaven, fear of Hell,
I followed faithfully and well    '
The precepts ot the kirk!
When tasks objectionable fell
I never tried to blrki •■' ■"'"" *»"'
, I suffered, ah! no tongue os* tell!
' Tet muslo wa* to ra* th* bell
i    That ealled me up to work.
When battle dread and famine'drear
Spread want and hunger far and near,
I grumbled not that food ws* dear.
But harder worked to win ltt
So much did I my toll revere,  !
For "overtime" I'd volunteer. .  ,
And rot my tissues in it,.•     ilf.,-4
And ne'er, oh, Lord! in my -career -.:
Slept in or lost a minuter     ,i>.
To fall from rectitude and grao*
In many a wild abandoned plae* i.
Temptations oft beset m,el.   ,.,.
Not mine companlonf, weak and base,
Not scarlet woman, wine nor. race.
Nay, Lordl I never went the pace ].,
(My wages wouldn't let m«)fc
It took them all to teed my face,    -
Foul Satan ne'er could win.
My one Insatiable lust •-, . -,i
Was toll, and toll I knew I must,   .
"I tolled that I might eat v..
With gratitude for every crust    ->■
I tolled wtth an unfalt'rlng truat ■•
In those who cave me meat I   v
While others gazed with mute disgust,    .
I laid my manhood up to rust..,.
And rolled my belly In the dust
And licked the boss' feetl
■ 11. i in i >' ■ > '■ i"t't i ■.". iiiiii.ii	
Contented with my little lot
In hovel of the gutter;
Surrounded by the whore and set
X dwelt and yet I murmured not.
Complaint I did not utterl
On frugal fare trom porridge-pot
I lived—an "Independent Scot;"
So long aa axle-grease I got,
I never asked for butter.
Nor hungered I for outward show,
'Mong peacocks gay I stood a crow;
While all was vanity below,
My only one desire-
Was to reduce my standard, so
The boss' might be higher!
With paper boots and shoddy elo',
t "walked In silk attire."
And, Lord, I could not tolerate
The enemies of church and state,
Nor would I ever demonstrate
With Bolshevist., ghouls,
Who chafed against their lowly fate'
And broke the master*' rule*!
And so, In spite of scorn and hate,
I did my duty-i-proud! elate!—
And stayed at work and scabbed mr mate,
Whene'er he downed hi* toola
Wben master aaid that black wai white,
Or when his politician
Assured me day wa* sometimes night, .
That darkness ott wa* really light;
And blindness might be second sight,
I heafd without suspicion;
And so at eaoh election fight
1 voted Coalition!    ,
I knew, oh Ood! that Ufe like thl*
Wa* pleasing unto thee!
I gave a smile fer every hiss,
For every kick I gave a kiss
(In painful cases—three);
And now I trust of Heaven's bliss
A share awaiteth mel"
Jehovah gave a lengthened sigh,
.The long recital o'er,
And turned until he did descry
Th* form of Peter standing nigh,
With humbled head and Qillv'rlng eye,
Downcast to Heaven'* floor;
And o'er tha tan* et Ood Most High
A orimson oloud appeared to fly,
That ne'er flew there before.
And thus He to Saint Peter spake:—
"Not me, the artisan,
Of thta—this thing of motley make— ' -
There surely was some vast mistake
When Its oareer began!
Canst thou conjecture what would rake,
And ln one combination bake,
The mental make-up of a snake
And soul-case of a man?
Ne work of mine has e'er displayed
So monstrous a design!'
That voice—no ass that ever brayed
Would own It   Bahl it would degrade
The grunt of any swine!
His. heart, his brain, I am .afraid,
,  Wars filched from some poor toad waylaid,
And when hts vertebrae were made.
Some oyster lost its spine!
Oh! lilies rare that bloom in pride
Oh! birds that sopr the heavens wide,
And neither toll nor spinl
With freaks like this upon the Clyde,
No wonder there IT sin I
No wonder wrong has multiplied;
No wonder men their Oods deride—
The Ud of Hell Is on the slide,
For Christ's sake fling hlta ln!"
—From "The Worker," Olasgow,
Our Sale —
Surely there I* a reason for It We pride ourselve* In th* tm*
that lt Is the beet Logger B»o» en the market today. They ar*
absolutely soUd and guaranteed to hold caulks.
Sond or Bring Tour Repairs.  Onr Workaaashlp b'artalittr
Better Than Toa Win Find Elsewhere,
The New Method Shoe Making
y  and Repairing Co.
O. B. V. Help; ****** ****** •*—'
Berlin.—Because the Minister of
Justice ot Mecklenburg refused to
take aotlon calculated to bring to
Justice the gang ot "volunteers"
who murdered and arrested working
man during the Kapp psuedo revolt
last winter, the Left faction of the
Diet composed of Democrats, Social Democrats, Independents and
Communists, moved a vote of no
confidence In Kapp which was carried, causing the resignation of the
wholo bourgeois ministry, says a
dispatch from Bchworln.
Some merchants ln town do not
think yonr custom Is much use to
them, or they would advertise tlieir
ware* In The Federationist to secure your trade. Remember this
when you are about to make a purchase.
These Firms Advertise in the Federationist
You Can Help the Paper By Patronizing Them
Here They Are, Indexed for You
Mr. Union Man, Cut This Out and Give It to Your Wife
Love & Co. .
..570 Seymour Street
Tisdall- Limitod...
..618 Hastings Street West
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)..
..HaBtings Btreet East
Boots and Shoes
Pierre Paris...
.64 HaBtings Street West
MncLachlan .Ta. tor'co'mpany «8 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. & Clarke  >« Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing
Pierre Paris  H Haatings Street West
Now Method Shoe Repairing 33? Oarrall Street
Books and Periodicals
international Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streeta
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 15th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder _ '« Fairfield Building
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, .198 Hastings St W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
imoiri A ouiirlev   848 Granville Street
STmanS Ltd?!."..,,.:.:. • • • • .;«l Hastings Street West
Dlabb & Stewart 30B-815 Hastings Stroet West
B. C. Tailoring Co ■» »" Hastings Sas
Wm. Dick Ltd  *'■** HsstingB Streot Bast
thos. Foster A Qo., Ltd , 614 GranvUle Street
3,nD. Bruce .......:. . <01 Hastings Street West
Dew York Outffitting Co...
IF. B. Brumitt...
...143 Hastings Stroet West
...Cordova Stroet
Dr. Brett Anderson .
Dl. W. J. Gurry	
 602 Hastings Weat
..301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Beer...
Van Bros...
..Westminster Brewery Co.
-.Vancouvor Brcwerlos Ltd.
.............Cidors and wines
Famous Cloak £ Suit Co...
Dry Goods
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd..
I Hastings Street Weit
_48 Hastings East and 728 OranviUe Street
Funeral Undertakers
  2398 Oranvllle Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co SIS Klngeway
Harron Bros. .
Nunn and Thomson..
..631 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co...
"Slaters" (tkree stores).
Cal Van Market 	
Calhoun'*, Ltd.
"Left Wing" Communism
—An Infantile Disorder
(Continued from page 8)
Oik A Co., Ltd  »29 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 4M
Canadian Wood and Coal Co 1440 Granvillo Street. Phone Sey. 52BQ
UcNetll, Welch & Wilson 420 Cambie St. Phones Sey. 4'04-405-406.
Dancing Lessons
Pender Hall Corner of Pender and Howo Streete
W. D.. Fenn Dancing School  ^....Cotillion Hall
-.41 Hastingi Btreet Weet
__ Hasting, Granville and Main Streets
  Haatings St. W.
61 Haatinge Street Eaet
 480 Oranvllle Street
Masseurs, Etc,
M. F. Bby, B.A., M.E., * — 998 Broadway West
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse - , 1128 How© Street
O. B. Allan .
tlonal proletarian revolution, to renounce the crying absurdities of "National Bolshevism" (Laftenberg and others), which hae talked itself into
a bloc with tho German borgeolsle for war against tlie Entente. One
must understand those tactics to be fundamentally wrong which do not
admit that It Is necessary for a Soviet Germany (If a German Soviet
Republic were shortly to be established) to recognize the Versailles
Peace, and to submit to lt for a certain time. From this It does not
follow that the German "Independents" wero right when they demanded the signing of the Versailles Treaty. At that time Scheidemann was
in the govornment; the Soviet Government of Hungary had not yet been
overthrown, and there was yet a possibility of a Soviet revolution In
Vienna in eupport of Soviet Hungary. Then the Independents temporised and manoeuvred very clumsily, for they more or less took upon
themselves the responsibility for the Scheidemann traitors, slipped away,
more or less, from the viewpoint of a merciless (and calmly deliberate)
claas war with the Scheie! em anus, and adopted a non-class, or "superclass." viewpoint
But at preaent the position ls obviously such that the German Communists should not bind themselves hand and foot and take upon themselves the Irrevocable obligation of repudiating the Versailles Treaty
In the case of the victory of Communism. That would be foolish. One
must admit that the Schefdemanns and Kautsklans have perpetrated a
great many treacheries, obstructing, and ln part ruining, the work of
union with Soviet Rusaia and with Soviet Hungary. We Communists
will use all means to facilitate and prepare such a union; at the same
time, we are not at all bound to repudiate the Versailles Treaty—or,
whnt is more, to repudiate it immediately. The possibility of successfully
repudiating the Treaty depends, not only upon the Gerihan, but also
upon the international success of the Soviot movement. This movement
was hampered by the Scheidemnnns and Kautsklans; we shall help it.
Theroin lies the main point; that Is where the fundamental difference
lies. And if our class enemies the exploiters, their lackeys the Scheldt)-
manns and Kautsklans, have missel a great many opportunities for
atrcnjft honing both the German and tlio International Soviet revolution, the blame fails upon them. The Soviet revolution In Gormany
vtill strengthen the international Soviet movement. This is the strongest! bulwark—and the only reliable, unconquerable, omnipotent bul-
ffrkrW—against the Versailles poace, against international Imperialism
fh general. To put the overthrow of the Versailles Peace absolutely
ilh'd' irrevocably In the first place, before the question or the liberation of other countries from the yoke of Imperialism, Is a spocles of
petit-bourgeois nationalism (worthy of Kautwky, Hllferding, Otto Bauer
and Co.) and ls not revolutionary internationalism. The overthrow
(ft the bourgeoisie in any of thu large European countries, Including
Germany, is such an accession to the International revolution that for
itt'iiike one can, and mi'dt tf necessary, Buffer a longer duration of
the Versailles Peaoe. If Russia by herself, with benefit to the revo'
lotion, could endure the Brest Peace fore several months, It ls not
Ifhpcffslble for Soviet Germany, In alliance with Soviet Rusaia, to
suffor, with beneflt to the rovolution, a still longer duration of the
Versailles Treaty.
'' The'Imperialists of France, England, etc., are provoking the Gorman
6omnVunlsts, and laying a trap for thom. "Say that you will not sign
tWl*eace of Versailles," thoy say. And the Left Communists, like
children, fall into the trap laid for them, instead of manoeuvring skilfully against the treacherous and, for thu moment, stronger enemy;
instead of telling him "Today we shall adhore to the Versailles Treaty."
To bind one's hands beforehand, openly to tell tho enemy, who is now
bettor armed than we aro, whether or not we shall flght him, Is
stupidity and not revolutionism. To nccept battle whon this is obviously profitable to the enomy, and not to oneself, ls a crime; and
those politicians of the revolutionary claas who are unable to "manoeuvre, temporise, compromise," ln order to evade an obviously unprofitable battle, are good for nothing.
(To be continued)
Interesting   Address  on
Book Written br an
Austrian Officer
audienco which t*x«d not
nlon* the seatlnt capacity, hut th*
every available foot ot space In the
Federated Labor Party hall turned
out Wednesday evening to hear the
address on "Men n> War," given »y
Rose Henderson. Many had to
go owing to the lack of room, and
It looks from the Interest taken in
these addresses given on the seeond and fourth Wednesdays as If a
larger halt will be necessary to accommodate the growing numbera
This book by Andreas LaUko, an
Austrian officer, ls one of the
most powerful books oomlnt out
of the war. He takes up and
shows In tha most picturesque
language told in narrative form the
gripping power of the psychology
of war. How It Is fostered, oreated
and maintained by a claas to whom
war ls not alone a necessity, but
as a general recently expressed it,
. great and profitable Industry."
He shows how every Ideal, every
emotion amid every variety which
mankind Is heir to good and evil
ls traduced and whipped up Into
action the moment the war lords
decide to bring on a war. How
the press, the pulpits, the schools
and colleges which people ln times
of peaoe are wont to believe are
seats of learning used for the good
and welfare of humanity, are in
reality merely the mouthpieces of
a class who use thess institutions
to make sate their rule of blool
and Iron and give them legal
sanction to exploit and rob the
masses of the people. He describes
the false standards of honour and
patriotism—of duty and morality
taught and necessary to delude
men, women and children and
make of them mere babbling machines, their brains merely records,
reeling off empty cant phrases
coined aiul a part of the bag of
tricks dally ln use by the poUtlcal
conjurers of all nations who drive
men to slay, hate, rob and plunder
their fellow men ot other nations
with whom they have no quarrel,
but with whom they have one
enemy In common—capitalism. He
spares not even the women' and
levels a tremendous Indictment
against them for their apparent
submission and indifference in allowing thetr "bearded children" to
be torn from their breasts and
they from their children without
protest In demonstration. Not
one woman chaining herself to
railings, whipping a prime minister, going on a hunger strike, or
throwing herself in front of a race
horse as a protest against the
wholesale slaughter of men. He
distinctly shows that education and
training and the perverting of
men'a natural instincts of peace
for war, feed on hate. A false patriotism and love ot oountry are
moro rosp.nBlMe for the submissive
ferocious war spirit of men and
women than economic necessity,
and until this false Idealism ls
changed and the principles. of
peace and the unity and solidarity
of .he workers of the world replaces their present false standards
—thoy will continue to be cannon
fodder ln times of war as they ore
machine fodder for their masters
to turn out dividends ln times of
poace. It makes little difference
to capitalism whether men die in
peaco or war so long as thoy turn
out dividends. There Is but one
power on earth that can stop war,
as there Is but one power that oan
stop industrial serfdom—that Is the
men who fight ln the war, the
men who man the machines and
make the munitions of war—the
powor ot the organized working
class, fortified with the knowledge
of thoir position ln society, and
tho power within themselves which
ls awakening from its slumber. On
the fourlh Wedncsduy the economic causes of war will bo tho
Liege, Belgium — Four mot*
manufacturers have been added to
the list of b|g business men and Industrial magnates accused of trading with the enemy during the (Hr-
man occupation ot Belgium aad
profiting at the •xpense of the national safety ln time of war. Th*
charges wor* baaed on tho way to
which tho chemical works Rhus-
nle disposed of It* products during
the war and of tho sal* of tho H«y
paper mill output
Tour union la behind tho tlnm
tf Vancouver postman do not deliver The Federatlonist to Its i
berhstp (vory Friday morning.
Qet your workmate ,to oubocrlh*
for Tho Federation.*.
Cal Van
17 Real Saturday
Stall 1—Legs Local Lamb, *iOn
Reanl* 4 loot*
Stall* land*
Shoulder Lamb,
lb i	
Stalls 1 and a—Fore'qrs New Zealand Lamb, about I * | AA
lba eaoh _- 9 * • V"
Stall • **°- Browa
1 lb. oholo* aide and back Bacon,
siloed: 1 lb. Cream- *«  AA
ery Butter 19 * • W
tall * K,, Loclew
Really oholo* Corned in).
Beef, lb. .__  1*1 V
Stall 8 Christopher
Thick Finnan Haddle, 1 Q/0
per lb. ..—. SOS*
Stall t and M W. D. Smith
Oranges, largo tin,        9f)C
per dozen ——.....
Stall 10 and 11 '
Hind Leg* of Pork,
W. Blaok
Stall 11 and M        Md * Millar
Nucoa Margarine,      *1   AA
1 lb*  .  9le*mV
Stall 14 nnd tl *. P. Hobsoo
Combination Special
_ tins Clark's Soups, 1 large Un
Pineapple; lib. * |. A A
Alberta Creamery ...V»»""
Stalls ie and 1* Boat* nod Colonial
Choice  Alberta  Creamery But-
r_^^l--- ;$1.60
Stall 11 and IS        Hose's Bakery
. Rich Raisin and Fig Slab Cake,
per lb., 86c; I lbs.
Stalls 24 and 25 W. Black
Prime Ribs of Beef,        OC«
per lb  tsajK*
Stalls 2T and 28
Smoked Salmon,
2 lbs  	
Stalls 8»-S>
Snider's Ketchup,.
per bottle ._ _ .
Stalls 34 and BO—Peanut
Brittle, lb.   -
Still 38
New Laid Bggs, per
dosen  _	
Or lower according to market.
Opposite Pantages
Tho first strike., of railway employees against a roductlon in
wages has taken place on the At-
lunta, Birmingham and Atlantic
Hallroad. The executives of the
road reduced wagos of thetr employees contrary to the decision of
the natlunul adjustment board, and
the railway workers struck to enforce the board's decision. About
2000 men are affectod, and the outcome of the strike will be awaited
with intorest.
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Taxi Co...
Swan Taxi 	
 834 Abbott Street
..ii Cordova St. —
Empress .
Theatres and Movies
. Pant' ges
When there Is a light on the num
who gets in and digs Is the one that
wo liko. Got In nnw and dig, by
pathinliing The FedoratlunlBt advertisers.
Moscow—The communal tailoring factories In Pskov have boon
able to make a lorgo Increase ln
the numbor of workers .thanks to
tlio arrival of 500 sowing machines
from abroad,
Hamilton, Ont.—Manufacturers
complain that civic authorities are
spoiling their plan to reduce wages
of unskilled labor to 85 cents an
hour because the unemployed receivo B5 cents nn hour when engaged on municipal work.
Kindling IVee
Greatest Stoek of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings FunftnrcCalii
*l Hastings Itnet Wen
Dr. DeVan's French Pills
a. rellMe H._nl.tlns Pill for Woman, ,t
a boi. Sold tt .11 Draff Store., or mallei
to ee, tddroai on roeolpt of prio*. Tbl
SeobtU Dniff Co., St. Ottbtrlau. Oataii*
Rettorea Vim ini Vitality; for Nerrt ul
Brtln; Inoreuei "gtsy nutter;" a Toola
—will build yon up. |S a boi, or two fot
96, at drug atom, or br mall on rooelpl
of prior Tha SeobtU Drug Oo,, Bt (Mk-
tulnst, Ontario.
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors make tlio dally
Shavo easier.
We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 eaeh.
The Completo Sporting Goods Store
Boys' Department—Second Floor
8     inn DituiJii *j\juvauiu%. fJJimiiKAXlUJNlOl'     VANCQPVBn, B. a
:. Haren 11, It
Silk Shirts
'A splendid "buy" for dressy men! These fine silk
shirts are the same quality, and show the same perfection of finish as those silk shirts which sold last
season at $11.50. They feature the new stripes,
evenly balanced. And the new wide cuffs. Neck ii
pre-shrunkj shoulders are roomy and generous.
Cuffs hang correctly and show evenly. Pearl b it-
tons. The shirt you will appreciate for spring and
summer wear. All sizes. _tt CA
New .price  «PO« Ov
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's largest Exclusive Store (or Men and Boys
Open Forum Discusses
Ruling Class Tactics
and Use of the Press
(Continued from page 1)
ever, taking Ute view that, if people want sueh a paper, they pay
for lt. It had taken commercial
advertisements, under exceptional
circumstances, hut could not generally carry advertising of that
"If the working olass want to,
Methods of drugless healing are safe. And these
are the methods I employ.
W. Lee Holder
D.O., F.8.D., D.T.H.
Twelve Years'  Experience
Houra: Daily, 1-5
Mon., Wed., Pr!., 1-1
Sey. 8638 Bay. 4023R.
Fairfield Bldg.
Cor. Granville ft Pender Sts.
Dunsmuir Tool Store
iecond-hand Dynamos, Electric
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Sold.
lit Dunsmuir St.      Seymour 6698
they can publish any newspaper
Which sets forth their philosophy,
and can put any other paper out of
business. But first they must understand their position in society. If
they understood the class nature of
society, there would be no need for
their own paper to go out of business. When the circulation is sufficient, lt can publish on that circulation alone."
Comrade Kavanagh took up the
■tory by remarking that at no
stage of the game was the control
of the press so marked as during
industrial troubles. In the 1919
railway strike In Britain, the press
(including the "Liberal" press),
set forth that the men were striking "unfairly and unreasonably,"
and "against the community;" just
as in Canada they made a howl
about children being deprived of
milk by the Winnipeg strike, although they made no song about
such deprivation from other causes.
Again, In the English press, the Labor men were, a "band of conspirators"^ one place, although they
were "pillars of sanity" in another;
just as ln Canada the comrades
were jailed for trying to "form a
Soviet," although, the speakor declared the only roftson they were
able to send those men to Jail was
that, by their press, they had pois-
oned the minds of the community,
and made them believe the Recusations were true.
They Try Buying:
Passing to another phase, Comrade Kavanagh said: "It ls not only
what the capitalist press says; lt Is
also what they attempt to do with
the Labor press. The capitalist
class understand "buying" better
than they understand anything
else; so bofore they try the "Prussian"   bulsness,   they  try   buying.
The Time of Opportunity Is Here—
Alteration Sale
Is responsible for a
WE know it Is incon-
Tenient to shop
daring alterations, so
to compensate you for
tho inconvenience, wo
offer you a reduction
of 10 per eent. off our
entire stock of MEN'S,
IN addition wo also
give you tbe advantage of paying on
Don't miss this opportunity of saving
money on your new
spring outfits.
143 HASTINGS ST. W. Sey. 1361
Frame Constitution for
a Canadian
Fully six hundred men attended
the organisation meeting of the
Canadian National Union of Ex-
Service men. held in the Pender
HaU on Wednesday night.
The chairman called the meeting to order and explained that
the meeting was a continuation
of the one held the preceding week
at 61 Cordova Street.
The committee, elected at that
meeting, submitted a preamble and
declaration of principles which
were unanimously adopted. After
a short address the meeting got
down to business. The questions
asked and remarks made by those
ln the meeting showed that the
membership does not Intend to be
controlled by any set of 'officers,
the experience of other soldier organisation having taught them
the danger ot an all powerful executive committee. A recall provision In the constitution was
strongly Insisted upon.
The next meeting will take place
on Wednesday, March 16, at 7:80
p.m. All ex-service men are invited to attend, Those not In possession of the Initiation fee of 60
cents can give their names to the
secretary and remain to take part
in the business of the organization,
The following is a copy of the
preamble and objects of the C.
N. U. X.:
The interests of ex-service men
are the interests of the working
class. These Interests are promoted and maintained by strength;
strength is developed by organisation.
Heretofore we have been induced to become members of organisations—reactionary in character,
designed by the ruling class, not
to concert, but to. control" the
Btrength of the membership; to
render our efforts abortive, and
our aspirations unattainable; and
to anticipate an inclination on our
part to form associations that
would perpetuate the bond of sympathy and good will which ever attaches those who have shared common danger and suffering.
The results of International war
have shown how vain has been
our sacrifice. Our part was to suffer or die. Wounded and broken
we are denied even access to the
means of life. The widows and
orphans of our fallen comrades
have become the objects of charity,
whilst a ruling class flaunts in our
face the wealth gained by our
blood and suffering; and by the
supreme sacrifice of our comrades,
who fell on the field of battle.
We, therefore, knowing the value
of concerted action, call upon ex-
service men to Join us in forming
an organization free of capitalist
Influence, to further the interests
of the victims of the great war, j
and all previous wars; and to develop strength and solidarity with
the international working-class; to
the end that we may obtain liberty so that our sacrifice and suffering shall not have been in vain.
Name: Canadian National Union
of Ex-Service men.
Objects: 1. To protect the special interests of the disabled and
other ex-service men, and of the
dependents of the fallen comrades.
2. To defeat the "Divide and
Rule" tactics of the master class,
by promoting the solidarity of the
3. To work towards the overthrow of capitalism, the cause of
wars, and of all the social evils
from which we suffer.
Membership: Open to ex-service men of all countries of lower
than commissioned rank, who
pledge themselves to promote the
objects of the organization.
Agrees to the Award: *f
Arbitration Board b
Re Wages
After a fifteen days' strlk a J *y
the 250 electricians of the B. C.
Electric Company against the .attempt to reduce wages, the company Anally capitulated, and agreed
to abide by the arbitration board's
The membership ln both Victoria
and Vancouver locals of Uie Brotherhood of Electrical .Workers, who
worked for the company, were out
enmaes and remained «o until the
settlement, in spite of the fact that
the oompany would have delighted
ln a split between the two locals.
Kavanagh at
the  Empress
(Continued from page l)
shrew how the solution ef the
present sooial problem could only
be found ln the total abolition of
wave labor. Social changes eame
only as a result of soeial needs.
Tho development of the mechanical forces operating' within capitalist society was producing the
power which' Inevitably would
cause a Social Revolution. The responsibility for bringing about a regeneration of society as a whole
was laid upon the working class.
Realising that the power which
enslaved them, was the power of
the State, giving as it did, the title
to, and guarantee of ownership in
.the means of wealth production to
the capitalist olass, and further,
that this power was only effective
by reason of the apathy and class
Ignorance of the workers as a
whole, the speaker *urged for the
present, a close study of the position laid down by the Socialist
Party of Canada, and a consistent
reading of the literature which the
party endorsed, for the acquisition
of knowledge would bring with lt
the ability to act Intelligently in
their.own interests.
The next speaker, Comrade J. F.
Smith, ln a forceful address, illuminated by many humorous illustrations, dealt with the Communist
organizations now coming into existence ln different parts of the
world. Also the process of demobilising the troops y/ho had participated In the Great War, and the
effects produced by it. tie observed
that the much tallied pf vocational
training given by the authorities
had simply produced keener competition on the labor market.
Briefly sketching the RusEtfato situation and the principles of Communism, he dealt with the attitude
of the working-class mind towards
it. He referred to the growing mistrust that was being shown towards
the capitalist-controlled '.newspapers; also to the hunt for jobs
which was becoming more Irksome to the workera The speaker's analysis of the concept of respectability, humorously given,
was well received by the audience.
Dealing again with- the subject
of Communism, the speaker traced
the historical movement of human
society from primitive or  savage
Royal City Study Group
The New Westminster Social
Study group which meet every
Sunday evening In the Labor Temple, under the leadership of Mr. J.
S. Woodsworth, Is filling a long-left
need -iii the Royal City. The numbers are Increasing, and many
varied opinions are heard in this
gathering. The discussions are
encouraged and many pointed questions are asked ,and our leader
proves equal to the occasion. A
good educational work ls carried
on by getting the workers to see
their position.
The speaker gave particulars of an
attempt of that kind which was
put up to the Vancouver Labor
Council, who wanted to know "who
was paying.'* The Montreal Labor
World, going still further, Comrade Kavanagh pointed out that
the capitalist class "also buys the
executive officers of organizations."
He added that "even The Federationist Itself, up to 1917, did not
depend solely upon ItB advertising."
He mentioned one particular party
who "was In the habit of handing
over $150 to $200 per year, for
which he got no advertising," and
that such help was derived from a
source that was outstanding by
anti-union." Then the control of
the paper changed hands; and
'from that time no such money has
come ln." The speaker named
several big local firms who had
withdrawn their advertising, although It appeared that the merchants and manufacturers of Vancouver were willing to assure
$6000 to some Individuals, providing they could get control of the
paper. The men to handle such
money would naturally be those
playing to the interest of the employer, rather than the worker,
A paper in debt for printing and
paper could not speak quite In the
same manner as' if free from debt.
"If you want the paper, you will
have to get ln and take it; lf not,
say ao," If they were going to depend on the Sun, the World and
the Province, they were likely to
be very ahort of Information. For
Instance, In the case of a strike at
Bombay, the only news they had
was two lines to say the strike was
The B. C. Federationist and the
Western Clarion were recognized as
constituting the best expression of
the working class movement on the
continent. "The magazines and
newspapers do' not give you the
news. Master class Influence dominates throughout," the speaker
again insisted.
Mrs. Henderson Makes an
Appeal for The Fed.
A Woman's Labor Leaguo waa
organised at Ladysmlth on Thursday, Maroh 4, 1921.
Twenty members of the Nanalmo
Women'a Labor League Journeyed
to Ladystmth to assist their sisters
there to start a similar branch..
Mrs. Holbein occupied the chair.
Mrs. H. Wlndley, president of the
Nanaimo branch, spoke first, briefly
outlining the objects of the organisation as the complete emancipation of womanhood whtch meant
the gigantic task of wiping out of
existence the capitalist system of
exploitation. Their chief "spheres"
of activity were educational, social
and organizing.
Mrs. Rose Henderson spoke next,1
and was ln her best form, speaking
over an hour to a house packed to
overflowing, showing her slaters
that unless they speedily organised
another war would bo thrust upon
them in the name "democracy,'*
with their children and the child'
ren of the working classes of other
countriea aa cannon fodder.
Are you willing to go into the
valley of death to bring life into
the world then passively consent to
have that life uaed as cannon fodder? she said, If not, then you
must organize, for already another
war is ln the making. After Mrs.
Henderson's' address, nearly all
present joined the league. Coffee
and refreshments were afterwards
served, and the Nanalmo orowd departed amidst the strains of the
"Red Flag," feeling another step
had been made on the road to progress. ' (Other branches are in process of formation ln this dlstlrct.)
Mrs. Rose Henderson addressed
a large meeting in Nanalmo Friday
night in the Dominion hall, under
the apspices of the Women's Labor
League. ' During her address, she
appealed to the workers ln Nanaimo to rally to the assistance of The
Federatlonist, which was tn danger
of being put out of existence unless they, the workers, came to
their assistance. A committee was
formed to assist to raise funds.
Old Country Steam
Open every Thuraday, Friday
and Saturday from 2 to 11 p.m.
2224 Gordon Drive. Phone High.
Take Hastings street Bast ear,
transfer to Nanaimo St. car at
Sixth Ave. Walk half block weet
H. Walton
Specialist  la   Eleotrleal   Treatment!,
Violet Ray and High  Frequency for
Rheumatism,   Sciatica,  Lumbago,  Par
alyili,  Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Ailment!.
Phone Seymour 2048
188 Haatingt street Wert.
Junior Labor League Notes
The Junior Labor League will
meet tonight (Friday) at 7:30 at
9'20—llth Avenue East, for the
regular monthly social evening.
The social evenings, so far thla
year, have been a great success,
and the social committee reports
that they have a first rate programme ready for tonight.
Next Friday night the business
meeting will be held at 3343
Windsor Street (one block north
of Kingsway).
The meetings this month have
been switched so that there will
be no meeting on Friday, the 25 th.
This has been done in order that
the members of the League can
have a picnic on that date and go
to the dance to be run by the
Women's Auxiliary in aid of the
The economic classes are being
well attended, but tt ts desirous
that those people outside of the
League, between the ages of 16 and
26, ahould attend ln larger numbers. Each Individual attending
the clasa Is expected to take part
In the discussion; so here 1b a good
chance for the young people to develop their'speaking abilities as
well aa their minds. Until the unemployment meetings are over, the
class will continue to meet at the
F. L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova Street
West, at 2 o'clock on Sunday after-
Tne membership of the J. L. L. Ia
still increasing and tt is now very
desirable that everyone between
the ages of 14 and 23 who la interested In the welfare of the
working clasa, ahould "join the
League and help it ln thc great
educational work which lies before lt
New Westminster W. L. L.
'.The' Woman's Labor League Is
planning a full evening's programme on March 17th ln the
Labor' Temple. Mrs. Henderson
will speak on Ireland, and there
will be songs, readings, etc., and a
good time la promised to all who
■il , f=
communism up to the present time,
emphasizing the fact that a true
concept of communism could only
be acquired by an understanding of
Marxism. He appealed to the audience to read and thoroughly digest the matter contained ln the
pamphlet written by Marx and
Engels in 1848. Following the address many questions were dealt
with. Next Sunday night the
speaker will be J. Kavanagh.
For the Day It Rains
100 English'Paramatta   .
Raincoats CO 7C
Regular $20 iat *V°»1*'
In two styles, with or without belts—every
coat ls guaranteed waterproof—rubber lined.
Just half manufacturers' cost.
REGULAR $20 FOR $8.75
100 Pure Wool Cloth
Paramatta Raincoats
Regular $30 at	
Guaranteed waterproof—best English make—
sola regularly at 180. Just half the manufac.
turers' cost.
NOW $15
"Your Monty's Worth or Your Money Back,"
Wm. Dick
454749 Hastings East
Announced Wage Cut Not
to Be Accepted By
The offer of |6 per day from
April 1, made by the Master Builders to the Carpenters of the city of
; Vancouver, was turned down by
practically a unanimous vote at a
mass meeting of Carpenters held
in the Dominion Hall, Thursday
evening. The dissenting votes were
from those who favored going after a wage of |8 per day.
The meeting was composed of
members of. the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and
the One Big Union. Jt was called
for the purpose of determining what
' answer waa to be given to the
maBter builders at their meeting
ihis (Friday) evening.
Business Agent' Thom of the
Brotherhood presided and informed the meeting that the master
builders had announced their Intention of cutting wages on April
1 of from 16 to 17 per cent, in
the various building trades. AU
trades had been notified and lt was
now up to the Carpenters to discuss the matter for future guidance.
Statements were made from the
audience to the effect that the contractors were attempting to hire
men at the rate of $6 per day at
the present, and although it was
known that some men were working for this wage, It was pointed
out, that even when the scale was
94 a day, there were men who were
willing to hire out for less. Others
pointed out that the cost of living
had not gone down sufficient to
think of accepting the $G a day
"The general concensus of opinion of the meeting was that the
present scale of $7.26 a day should
be upheld and if necessary fought
A proposition was brought forth
to limit the work to a flve-day week
at the present scale, in order to
reduce the number of unemployed.
This, however, did not meet with
general approval and a motion to
stand by the presont scale of |7.25
a day was carried with four or five
dissenting votes.
A communication relative to this
action Is. to be forwarded to the
Master Builders' Association and
a committee of Ave will take up
the subject for future action.
Tbe Largeet Exclusive Men's and Boyi* Shoe Btore in tlie Weet
The Bert Work
Shoe in
A good solid shoe, easy fitting last, soft heavy
uppers in black or brown.
Petrograd—The Soviet government has established 60 orchestras,
60 choirs and 160 schools of music
ln addition to the 20 existing when
the Bolsheviki assumed power. The
music bureau of the government
education edpartment has published 1200 different musical works,
with a total of 700,000 copies in the
last three years. The music schools
are grouped as elementary, secondary or collegiate.
New National Hotel
200 Outalde Rooms
Special Hates by the Week
Ph.   Sey.   7880—1221   Granville
Central Hotel
Phone Sey. 6553
Night—Phone High. 495X
MARCH 17th
Grand Irish Concert
and Dance
First Class Artists First Class Music
Concert, 8 p.m. Dancing, 10:30 p.m. to 1 a.m
Admission: Oents, $1.50; Ladies, $1.00
Children, 6 to 14, 25c.
"The Only Irish Concert in Vancouver"
Big Values
$23.65   $29.65   $33.75
$37.65   $44.95
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets
Spring Hats
True Distinction
There ls no hat worrlmcnt to the mail
who wean a Stetson. He lo pleased with
Ita style, Its quality and the way It
wears. All colors and sizes In silk or
plain finish.
Tho quality of the felt Is ot unusually
flne finish and softness. Very snappy
styles and all tho new shadings; silk or
plain finish.
Thnrfl'u   nr
There's no economy ln buying a cheap
hat when you know you'll have to replace
It before the season te half out. Get
under a Berg—you'll enjoy it large selection, aU handsomely lined.
■ r
AND they certainly aro bounties!
There is tlio smack of distinction!
freshness nnd tlio great outdoors
about them, and they seem to radiate the
spirit of the new season, -Easter will.
soon be with us—the hats havo Just
coiue ln—tlie prices arc, as always at
this store, reasonable—and tlie question
of quality te automatically settled by tbe
Calhoun label. Now all Unt remains la
for you to come In-and actually soe these
bats for yourself.
A sensible and distinctive hat. You will
not only get service from a Vanity, bnt
you will have the satisfaction of sporting
» real hat. We have them In all colors
and sixes.
Spring Caps—
Beautifully tailored in the smartest
mixture pattern effects.
Other Makes—
Brook, WoHbansen,
Tress, Christy
and Eastern  ■* • ""
Out-of-town customers are invited
to make ubo' of oor efficient servioe
by mail. Simply state your requirements and we will assume tlie
responsibility of pleasing yon.
Largest Hat Store ln the West
Vanonnrar   Hamilton Winnipeg


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