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British Columbia Federationist Mar 16, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
industrial unity: steength ♦        Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)        ^political unity: victobt
FIFTEENTH YEAR.  No. 11
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 16,1923
$2.50 PER YEAS
RUSSIAN EXPERTSIWORKERS* PARI!
S
Texas Professor Says Russian Scientists Are
Working
Increased Educational Facilities Are Result of
Revolution
Austin, Texas—Russian scientists
are not starving creatures In rage
clinging' despairingly to their micros*
copes in obscure attics, according to
the observations of Prof. H. J. Muller,
department of zoology, University of
Texas, who visited Russia by mono
plane from Berlin last year.
"I found the reality different," Mul
ler declares. "The Russian scientist I
was busily engaged in his laboratory,
actively interested In his scientific
work and getting results and desirous
above all of getting into touch with
the work that the west is producing.
He sees in America the most important country in which science has been
able to retain its old virility undiminished and our recent biological work
is held in the highest admiration.
"I found many of the biologists
gathered together into a service of
large state institutes which have developed sinco the revolution. In Moscow eight of these institutes, including some more strictly medical In nature, are grouped together under the
ministry of public health."
About two-thirds of the scientists
nt work in Russia before the revolution are still active, Muller was told
and most of these are antl-Commun-
Ist. The missing third had emigrated,
died or gone Into other work. Criticism of the government is very common, but lt is not expected that there
can bo any now overturn, ho roports.
"On the whole," he sums up this aspect, "the scientists whom I met do
not actively concern . themselves with
politics at all; they are too busy with
science." Ho did not meet or hear of
any of the scientists in extreme distress for whom Gorki had appealed a
year ago.
The scientists are supported by a
variety of sources. Each government
department particularly interested In
their work makes an appropriation
and the universities where some of
them teach pay salarios. The government pays each scientist a small wage
just for being a scientist. Scientists
of the flrst class receive about (15 a
month (about three times the montly
salary on the basis of real wages of
many German scientists), Finally
oach scientist gets a monthly food ration, not aa a scientist, but as a worker.
The scientific work has been going
on at a remarkable rate despite many
hardships. Prof. Bach of the Biochemical institute has a handsomely-
fitted up institution, and his chemical
institute was the only building of any
kind constrocted In Moscow during the
last two years.
Prof. Ivanof has suffered from lack
of materials to spread his discoveries
among the breeding stations scattered
throughout the country. He developed a process or artificially fertilizing
female domestic animals by whloh
they are made to reproduce without
the natural intervention of the male
(Continued on Page 4)
:t
Many Unions Contribute to
Enjoyable Evening of
Local 452
If there was any doubt In the minds
of the members of Local -152 of the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners as to the ability of the
smoking concert committtee to stage
a real evening'c enjoyment, all doubts
were dispelled on Monday evening,
as the entertainment was more than
a success.
Following the regular order of
business, President Dunn callled on
the committee to ctart tho ball rolling, and with Mr. Farrington at the
piano, and the pipe of peace going
rull blast ln all directions, thero was
soon a change in the atmosphere,
and business was for the timo forgotten and the struggles of the carpenters to maintain the standard rate
ot wages became lost in a haze of
smoke, while songs dispelled the
gloom which is tho average environment of the wage workers.
One of the features of the smoker
was that many local unionB were represented, and the various singers
and other onlertnlners came from
local unions or other crafts ns well
as the canpenlors, the organizations
helng represented being as followa:
Local 452 Unitod Brothorhood of
Carponters, Bakery Salesmen, Hull-
way Carmen, Milk Salesmen and
Dairy Employees, Barbers, Machinists and Clgarmakers.
During the business meeting. Organizer Wilkinson spoke on tho secession movement in the Host, and
a,lso local conditions.
The following by thoir efforts made
the ovening ono of the most successful social events hold by No. 452: W.
Moodle, D. Blackmail, A. Robb, H.
Byrom, J, Brlghtwell, H. Whoatcroft,
Mr. Farrington, C. Bobinson, M. Bit-
come, H. Scott, T. Tlnsley and M.
Bark ner.
IIS
Second
nvention Takes a
* id on Dual
Unions
Party Becomes Recognized
Factor in Labor Movement of Canada
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
The Becond annual convention of
the Workers Party of Canada, assembled in Toronto Thuraday, Feb. 22,
and for three days reviewed the progress made during the previous year,
and endeavored to bring its programme and tactics in line with the changed conditions.
Forty-three delegates met from
every important centre in Canada;—
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Many
well-known figures in the trade union
movement were present, chief among
them being J. B. MacLachlan, of the
Nova Scltla miners; J. Lakeman, of
Edmonton, and J. Macdonald of Toronto. Forman Way, M. L. A., (Sydney) and P. M. Christopher, M. L, A.
(Blairmore), were unable to be present, owing to the Provincial Houses
of their respective districts being ln
session.
A review of the previous year's activities revealed the fact that steady-
progress had been made. In many
districts, like Nova Scotia and Alberta,
the party has become a recognized fac-
tor in the Labor movoment. The activities of the party gained further recognition whilst the convention was in
progress by the admission of the party
into the Ontario section of the Cana^
dlan Labor Party,
The convention, in discussing the
Labor union situation, went on record
once again as being definitely opposed
to secession for the purpose of form
ing new unions. In this respect, the
resolution adopted condemns, in scath
ing terms, the attempts of the O. B.
U. to still further split the forces of
the railroad workers by establishing a
western shopmen's committee—without even aligning these workers Into a
definite organization. The work and
policy of the Trade Union Educational
League was strongly endorsed, and all
members of the pnrty instructed to
engage In trade union activity upon
the basis of the league programme. It
was further pointed out that the Canadian Union movement must be a de
finite integral part of thc North American movement, and that the left-
wing In the unions in both countries
must work hand in hand with the end
in view of directing the activities of
the unions into revoltuionary channels.
In tho same resolution it is emphatically stated that "the party pledges
Its support to ull real organization
campaigns to organize the unorganized," whilst lt Ib strongly urged that
foreign-born workers be organized.
The convention discussed the situation confronting the Canadian working clnss, and re-affirmed its position
regarding the need for a united front
of Lnbor against capital. In its resolution that: "The united front task
consists (a) ou the industrial field, of
working for the amalgamation of the
existing craft unions Into a series of
massive Industrial unions; (b) to be In
the forefront of the development of
the Labor Party." It was pointed out
that the nebd for a Canadian Labor
Tarty, embracing all unions and working clasH politicnl parties, was greater
than ever; and the convention placed
itself on record definitely in favor of
tho formation of such a party. The
party pledged itself to support all sections of the party at presont ln existence and to help in the formation of
the same where none such existed.
The party, however, emphatically affirmed its independence as a political
party regarding "the maintenance of
its alms and principles, its freedom to
criticize and its identity as an organization to he the guarantee of further
prnnress in the Labor movement."
The agrarian question occupied the
intention of a large committee of the
convention. The report of this committee, as revised by the convention
itself, conclusively proves that the
Workers Party takes cognizance of the
conditions prevalent in tho country
districts and the need for rallying the
poor and tenant farmers side hy side
with the Industrial workers In all
struggles against capitalism. Members of the party residing in rural districts are instructed to actively participate In the activities of the various
fanners' organizations with the object
In view of joining together thc various
Provincial organizations into un organization embracing tho whole country. » The farmers are warned of reactionary and reformist leadership,
and urged to conduct an energetic attack against capitalist oppression and
domination. The question of how best
to work among the farmers was referred to the incoming executive committee,
Resolutions were also passed Urging
tho Intensified organization of the unemployed workors. In this respect the
National Council established at Winnipeg was endorsed.
The convention also went on record
agalnit further wage-cuts,'condemning,
the continued Imprisonment and persecution of clnss war prisoners in the
United States, and pledging support tp
the Communist Parties of Oermany
and France In their magnificent struggles agalnBt French Imperialism in the
Ruhr.
Fraternal greetings were sent to the
Communist Parly of Great Britain and
the Workers Party of America; whilst
a cablegram was despatched to the
Communist International, re-afflrmlng
the allegiance of the party In all strug-
Legality of Labor Unions
««««««     ******      **««««     ******   ******  ******      ******
And Class Legislation
Mr. Justice Gait in a Manitoba Court Raises Nice Point in Connection with Labor Organizations in Canada—Private Property
Rights, Basis of Capitalism, Given a Jolt—Workers Denied Rights
Which Ruling Class Possesses in Protection of Their Property
THE LEGALITY OP TRADE UNIONS has been cKallenged. Not as to their status as legal organizations to do business and deal with the employers' associations, but is to their ability to sue in the
courts of the land, when the private property of the organizations are seized by individuals or defaulting officers.
Mr. Justice OaU, in a decision rendered in a M anitoba court, has decided that so far as private
property is concerned, trade unions have no legal status. In other words, that they have no rights in
connection with private property.
The British Labor movement had to face a similar position in years gone by. In 1871, the British
workers were undecided as to whether they wanted to become legal organizations or to remain illegal.
Later they were made legal organizations, but their legality had certain restrictions. But one point
which was established was that a union could sue, but could not be sued.
This decision was made after the Taff Vale dispute, and in 1906 when the British House of Commons
reversed the decision of the House of Lords, which made trade unions funds seizable for actions committed by the unions, and today in Qreat Britain the funds of unions are exempt from action by the
employers, but at the same time, the unions can, in courts of law, recover from defaulters or take action against those who have seized or misused or misappropriated the property of the organization
affected.
While it would not be proper to say that any judge of this country had rendered a decision which
was intended to break the labor organizations of this country, we desire to point out that the decision
of Mr. Justice Gait was rendered after a lengthy consideration. The case in question, Chase vs. Starr,
an action tried in January, had not been decided until March. This in itself shows that there was
some doubt or other consideration in the mind of the trial judge.
What that doubt or consideration was we have no idea of, but we can at least surmise, and the surmise can be based on the activities of the employers on this continent during the past two or three years.
And what has been the intent of the employers! It has been to break the labor unions and the spirit
of the workers.
When in Great Britain, the workers had to face a samilar issue, there were many who would not
support the legalizing of their organizations, and in Canada the workers at this time realize that there
may be a nigger in the wood pile, and this colored gentleman appears to be in their eyes a legal trick
to make the organizations become legal so that they can protect their property, and at the same time
leave themselves open to the attacks of the employers in the time of strikes where their funds can be
seized, and their organizations put out of business.
The trick may work, but it will not work if the doeision of Mr. Justice Gait does what it should do,
and that is tighten up the ranks of the workers. Legal or illegal, so far as property is concerned, the
labor organizations of this country are a power. They can become a greater power, and all the laws
on the statute books; all thc decisions of judges cannot break the power of labor if orgainzed, and the
decision in a Manitoba court may prove a blessing in disguise to the workers if through it they are
brought to a realization of the fact that there is a class struggle in existence, and that the laws of
Canada were framed in the days gone by for the purpose of curtailing the activities of the workers,
and that now the working class is becoming more aggressive, these laws are being invoked and used
to break the power of organized labor. It may also have the desired effect in getting the workers to
take political action, and some semblance of a united front of the workers in this country.
The one outstanding point in the decision, which is based on the laws of this country enacted in
1878, is that a man ean steal from a union, with impunity, but if hungry and in need if he steals a loaf
of bread, he will go to goal; and then we hear our politicians stating that they are opposed to elass
legislation.  It is to laugh when elass laws are at all times enacted to keep the workers in subjection.
Ifl
u
Say That Tactics of Work
ers Party Are
Correct
Urge Trade Union Activity
on North American
Continent
The outstanding feature of the convention.of the Workers Party of Canada held recently In Toronto, was a
greeting from the president of the executive '•ommlttee of the Communist
International. This greeting reads as
follows:
Dear Comrades: The executive committee of the Communist International
greets the Workers Party of Canada
assembled in congress.
That the Canadian working class
can be and Is n factor in the world
situation goes without saying. We
noed only remind you, as a proof at
any rate of the extent to which Great
Britain counts upon the Canadian
workers as essential to the success of
Its Imperialist plans, thut recently,
when war between Britain and Turkey
looked Inevitable, Canada was the flrst
country to receive the fated telegram
from the then war minister, Winston
Churchill, about the assistance in an
eventual war.
The Far Eastern situation, where
again the imperialist machinations of
Great Britain and the United Statos
are becoming evident also indicates
the role of the Canadian workers in
the future developments of world imperialism,
The tasks of your pnrty are important.
Especially we would urge that you,
in the futuro In the trade unions, successfully continue with great intensity
the good work you already have started, and apply yourselves to the extending of active party groups in every
trade union branch and section, as boing one of the most Important tasks
in preparing for the coining victories.
Tn whatever country the theses governing the "work In the trade unions"
(Continued on page 4)
gles against capitalism, A resolution
nf congratulation tn Uie Steel Workers
ol' Sydney was passed with enthusiasm.
It was fell that tho striko of these
workers should not be nllowed tu pass
without pledging further support. A
message of greeting was also sen I tn
Uie miners of Nova Scotia.
The convention was essentially a
business convention. There was almost a complete absence of speech-
making, but there was evidenced, at
all times, a genuine desire lo profit by
paHt experience and lo adopt iaetlcs to
changing conditions,
SHEET METAL WORKERS
CALL SPECIAL MEETING
Start   Ihriv-e to  Organize   All   Non-
Union Men Follow Ing tlie Trade
Acting in line with the Trades and
Labor Council, the Sheet Metal
Workers are starting a drive to organize all the unorganized sheet
metal workers In the city.
■On Thursday, March 29th, local
280 will hold an open meeting, and
all members are urged to attend this
meeting, and to induce a non-member to also attend, All members are
being circularized and notified as to
date and place of meeting, which
will be ln the Labor Temple, :.19
Pender Street west.
PROCEEDINGS START
.Z.
First of Trials in Michigan
Red Raids Starts in
Berrien Co.
GET SHORT SHIFT
Are Laid Off While Coal
Famines Exist in the
United States
[By McAlister Coleman]
{Federated Press Correspondent)
Herrin, III.—Five of the largest
bituminous coal mines in southern
Illinois are dosed for the summer.
Alongside a copy of the Federated
Press news service sheet the following
notice is posted on lbe bulletin hoard
of the Old Ben Coal Co. at the Weaver
camp near Herrin:
"To employees, Old Ben Coal Corporation,  Mine  No.   .0;
"Owing to condiUoiis in the market
at the present time the demand for
coal does not warrant further operation and this mine is closed by our
orders for tin Indefinite period. All
miners are hereby instructed to square
up their places ami remove thior
tools. Employoes aro also requested
to remove their belonglhgH from the
washhuusn ;ir tills company will tint
lie responsible for them."
Bituminous coal from southern |
Illinois is retailing from $0,60 to $10 1
a ton In Chlcagp,
Some of thc 400 miners who live I
with their families in the company
houses round about the Old Ben mine
Were staring hopelessly at. the an- j
iiotincemeiil. wondering where they ]
could got a job and how It happened
that there isn't enough demand for I
coal with talk of eoal famines in al!
tho papers. They all seemed in take j
it philosophically, however, and woro
gathering their household goods together in preparation fnr the search j
for work that Is ahead.
Other mines owned by the Old Ben ■
corporation, which Is controlled by I
eastern Interests, that uro also clos- I
ing for the summer are Old Ben IB
at Rend City. Old Men 17 at Johnston City. Old Ben 16 ut Pershing,
and Old Ben 14 at Buckner.
In all 2500 coal diggers are thrown
out of work by lhe closing of lliese
mines while Chicago shivers and New
Vork seeks in vain for coa| substitutes.
Frank P. Walsh Is Chief
Counsel for the
Defendants
St. Joseph, Mich.—The first of possibly 2_! political trials Involving
Ameriean labor men begins with the
proceedings against Wm, 'A, Foster,
for criminal syndicalism. Foster,
who is secrotary of the Trade Union
Education league, and wbo was secretary of the A. F. of L. national
committee which conductctd the steel
strike of 1910, is accused of meeting
In conspiracy against thegovernment
with about. 70 other labor men, alleged communists, In tho woods of
Berrien county Just, before federal
department or Justice men superintended a raid on August 21 resulting
iu tho arrest of 17 men and the scouring of alleged evidence on wliich
warrants for over 50 others were issuod. Foster was not at tho meeting
whon the raid took place, but was arrested later in Chicago.
No ovort acts are specified in the
hill of particulars wliich iheproseeii-
tlou was ordered by JUdge Charles 10.
Whitet to draw up for the benefit of
the defense. The evidence if: largely
documents and iiteratunrue.
Frank p. Walsh, chief counsel for
the defense, succeeded in luring public opinion against the prosecution in
favor of the defense by moans of
preliminary hearings or depositions
held In Washington, Philadelphia,
New York aad Chicago, At the Chf-
Ctlgo liearlnKs the principal sensation
was created by Albert Mullin. a stool
plseon. who confessed his ugly record, and Allan O, Meyers, his former
employer in the Wm. J. Burns detor-
ilvc iigency.who attemptotd to re-
trlove part nf tho wreck, but who
made damaging admissions to ihe
case of the prosecution. The newspaper reading public became suspicious of the agencies bohind fake red
scares aud of lhe "evidence'" pror
trut'Bd  ugalnst  labor  men  by private
COKO EMBARKS ONjBERLIN TODAY LI
German Chancellor Tries to
Halt the Decline of
the Mark
Low Wages in Germany Allows Industrialists to
Underbid
[By Louis P. Lochner)
■ (Federated Press Correspondent)
Berlin—The business government of
Chancellor Cuno Is embarking upon
an exceedingly risky experiment in
high finance. In an effort to halt the
catastrophlcal decline or the mark, it
ls throwing vast quantities of English
pounds and American dollars upon the
money market so that these exchanges
can be bought today at one-half the
price of two weeks ago.
It is generally conceded in financial
circles that, as soon as the Riechsbank
places dollars and pounds upon the
market, they are grabbed up at once
by the big Industrialists and by the
exchange brokers. These two groups
are thus afforded an opportunity to
supply themselves with foreign exchange cheaply. Nobody seems to be
lieve seriously that a permanent stabilization of the mark will take place
as a result of the Relchsbank action,
On the contrary, there seems to be
general expectation that the supply of
dollars and pounds from the Relchsbank will soon be at an end, and that
then an unprecedented rise of these
two exchanges, with which will be associated that of Scandinavian, Dutch,
Swiss, Spanish and other high exchanges, will take place.
This theory fs borne out by a study
of tho curve of prices for articles of
food and clothing. Before the present
financial operation of the Riechsbank
began, there was a general saying
among Germans that as soon as the
mark had become stabilized, or its
downward trend halted, prices, too,
would be stabilized or lowered. The
very opposite ts taking place. As compared with January, the wholesale
prices for articles of food and olothing have risen 348 per cent. Wages
have risen only 100 per cent. When
a business man is asked why he does
not lower prices, now thnt the dollar
is dropping, he tells you that this is
only a passing phase from which the
speculators profit, but lhat he must
keep on raising prices gradually in
order that, when the bi^r Jump comes
nfter the Relchsbank has censed
throwing foreign exchange on the
market, his customers may not be
frightened too much by the sudden
jump that he would have to proclaim.
The Relchsbank action will beneflt
an already enormously rich heavy Industry, the foremost exponent of
which is Hugo Stinnes. The industrialists, having bought ehenp exchange, will be able to continue to import raw materials from foreign countries. The new drop of the mark
which is predicted at the conclusion
of the Keichsbnnk action will not affect them adversely; on the contrary,
they will bc able to underbid other
countries by the lower costs of production, since Oerman wages always
lag far behind the devaluation of lhe
mark.
The sufferers from this whole
financial experiment will lte the Oerman workers and tho Oerman middle
classes. Tbey cannnl buy dollars even
when lhe Iteichsbank offers iliem rela-
lively cheaply, for Ihey are lending at
best a hand-to-mouili existence. The
minute ihe dollar rises, however, their
hills al lhe butcher's, lhe baker's! and
the grocer's, rise correspondingly,
while their wanes are increased only
slowly, nipl never in Un- same percentage as the rise of (he cost of living.
Tbe Hole Fahne nf Berlin, organ of
thc Communist Party, lias charged
Hint (be heavy Industry of Qermany
knew about the plans of tbe Relchsbank to force the pound and dollar
down before that action hegnn. It
charges that ihe companies in question, aud their directors, sold a large
part nf their foreign exchange at a
(line when they could gel f-2.000
marks for th-' dollar, in order afterwards to buy buck their necessary
supply from the Rotchsbnhk at a price
of only 117.000 marks (or each dollar.
r I,, p. Mooting
On Sunday evening. J. McMillan will,
lie the speaker for the Federated   La-|
bur Party at headquarters, 148 Cordova Street West. Mrs. Lnrrimer will
occupy the chair, On Saturday night
there will lie a social and dance, and
all members and friends are Invited to
attend this social (unction,
Pa«n   The   Federationist   nlong   and
help' gel  new subscribers,
1917
War Hysteria Prevails in
Germany Because of
Occupation
Even Mask Has Been Ban*
ned Because of Its
Sources
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Presa Correepondent)
Berlin—Conditions In Berlin today
closely resemble the war hysteria ln
New York City daring the super-patriotic days of 1917.
I attended a concert the other night
where a violinst treated us to a wonderful programme of Chopin, Wlnla-
WBkl, Kreisler and flubay. The next
number waa to be Kreisler's violin arrangement of Paderewskl's celebrated
Menuett, As the violinist stepped upon
the platform, her accompanist addressed the audience:
"Through a regrettable oversight,"
he said, "there has been placed upon
the programme a composition by that
notorious German hater from Poland-
It goes without saying that our soloist
cf thts evening would not think of
playing his muslo under present conditions. We have therefore substituted a number by Frits Kreisler." Wild
applause.
One Sunday evening I strayed into
tho Kaiser Wilhelm memorial church,
known as one of the most fashionable
places of worship in Qermany. The
minister held forth in these terms:
"There have been times when man
fought against man in mortal combat.
Not so in the Ruhr valley today. What
has come over from France ts not human beings. It ls devils. Luther ln
one of his songs sings of a condition
when the world is full of-devils. That
condition has arrived today. Thu devils are in the Rhlneland and in the
Ruhr valley."
I went into a largo cafe where a
band was playing gaily and where people were drinking wine and champagne while I sipped a modest coffee.
There was a fanfare of the trumpet as
a signal that something unusual was
about to happen. The next moment
the band broke into the strains of
"Deutschland ubor Alios." Almost
everybody got up. Those across whose
brows the word "profiteer" seemed to
be written were the most agile ln rising. Society Indies and business men
lu evening dress sang vociferously.
One or two persons, for reasons of
their own, declined to Identify themselves with these countrymen of theirs
ond remained seated. They were almost mobbed. Unceremoniously they
were booted out.
Just as in America.
t BENNETT AT
Workers Party Will Hold a
Commune Dance and
Meeting
Tlm Vancouver branch of the Work-
vis Parly of Canada, recognizing the
importance of tho Paris Commune in
the development of the working class
movement, has decided that at the
propaganda meoting of the party In
the W. I'. II.ill on Sunday, the 18th.
W. Bennett shall he the speaker, and
his subject the "Paris Commune."
'Mi Saturday night there will be a
Commune dance in the Clinton Hall,
corner of Pendor and Clinton Streets,
The price of admission to the dance is.
ladles 2ft cents, gents SO Cents,
All workers interested in the revolutionary movement are invited to attend   both   the  duncr it in I   (he   propa-
niila meeting.
Perhaps no other member of tho
revolutionary Working class in Vancouver can size up the attempt of the
workers of Paris in  1871, heller than
can com. Bonnott- and it is expected
that there will only be standing room
at the W. P. hall before the meeting
starts, so get there sooit or (here will
he little chance of getting a seat.
etectfv
and  Hm
ofii
Him nl
lice.
The Michigan criminal syndicalism
law, which wan passed during thc
wartime hysteria, tins been denounced
and Its repeal demanded by ihe .state
Federation of r*nbor, as a weapon
directed principally and without justification against the workers,   Labor
bodies all over tho country have expressed sympathy with the defense.
About two-thirds of the Individuals
named in the Indictments have not
boon apprehended. During the hearings in Chicago "ne of them sat with
out concealment in (tie same room
with Asst. Atty, Don. 0, L. Smith of
Michigan, who is leading Ihe prosecution, and Dlst. Atty. Charles Qore of
Berrien county, bul no move was |
made to arrest  him.
Those    arrested    and   now    out   on '
bond  ranging  from  $5000  to  {Hi.odd
ouch are  Foster,  C.   0.  Ruthenborg,
wm.   f.  Dunne, Charles   icrumboln, |
Caleb Harrison.   Karl Browder,  Philip i
Aronborg, Cyril Lambkin, John Mi-1
belle. Hllmor .McMillan. Wm. Roy-1
nolds, Alex Ball, Rolb Nordllng. V.   R,
Sullivan. Norman Tallonllre, Max
Lei ner. Thomas O'Flaherty, Eugene
Bcchthold, Charles firlckson, Joseph
JSarik, Alex Georgian, A, V, Snverlno,
The Labor Defense council, 16(1 W.
Washington St., Chicago, was organized to assist in the defense. Robert
M,  Buck  Is chairman.
Prof ("■••or 1-iiMinnii to .Speak
Professor   Mack   l_kudmnn   will   bo
tho speaker at bhe South Vancouver
Municipal Hail tin Monday next.
Professor Knstman has delivered a
lecture in lhe city on. the two revolutions, the French and Russian. His
remarks and his Ideas on this subject
have caused considerable comment in
working class circles, so it is expected
(hat there witl lie a large turn out on
Monday lilght.
The chair will be occupied by R. H.
Neelands. M. L. A„ and the meeting
will lie under tin* auspices of the South
Vancouver Workors Protective Association.
Paris—"I accuse tbo Comite des
ForgQS (Fronch steel barons) of having been tho Instrument of the stupid
policy pursued by the French government in the Ruhr valley." In these
words, L, Johtmux, general secretary
of the French Confederation of Labor
at its convention held during the early
days of February characterised tho
nature of the conflict now going nn iu
occupied Gormany. Johnatix then rehearses at length how French capitalism and its organs, especially such
papers as the Temps, have combatted
every effort of the German wnrkers to
Introduce socialization schemes, and to
dethrone the Herman capitalists whom
the French now profess to be fighting. PAGE TWO
fifteenth tear. no. ii BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FoMlatied every Friday morning by The B. C. Fed»ratU____t
Business Offlce:   1123 Howe Street
Editorial   Office:    Room   306—-19   Pender   Street   Wwt
Bdltwittl Board:   P. R. Bengough. R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Gdorgo Bartley.
-h-tanription Rate: United States and Foreign, S3.00 per
year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.60 for six montha; to
Batons subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
Month.
Unity of Labor:
The Hope of the World
 March 16,
1923
The Paris Commune and Its Lessons
REVOLUTIONS always call forth from the then
ruling class, protests. They may be local or
general, but thc degree and magnitude of the protests are dotcrmincd by thc extent of the revolution and thc effect it may have on the ruling class
of tho period in which it occurs.
Consequently we can, by taking history and comparing notes, determine just why thc capitalistic
press has kept np its campaign against the Russian
workers who revolted against thc conditions under
which they lived, and took charge of thcir own destinies and obliterated all of those parasitical outgrowths of the prosent capitalistic system, and decided that in futuro the workers, by any means
necessary, would tako and hold for themselves, the
means of wealth produetion.
Due to their actions, the Russian workers have
been, by the capitalistic press, called everything but
gentlemen, and this may not be any reflection on
them at that, as gentlemen in this age have nothing
to boast about so far as their characters are concerned. *       *       ±
But let us look at the statements of the press as
to the Soviet Revolution, and then compare them
with the days of the Paris Commune, which will be
commemorated the world over on Sunday.
* *       *
On March 18th, 1871, the workers of Paris took
control of the situation. They did exactly as did
the workers of Russia, but not as successfully, the
time not being ripe, but they did take control and
for a time held it.
Readers of the Federationist will, if they read the
daily press, remember just what atrocities have been
charged to the Soviet regime, but can the capitalistic press duplicate the following story from a "respectable paper, (the London Times) on the Paris
Commune, in connection with the workers republic
in Russia. tk       *       *
Here is what the Times said on the occasion of
the revolt of the Parisian proletariat: "Thc shambles at the end of the Boulevard Malesherbes, and
its lugubrious spectacle to see men and women, of
all ages and conditions of life, defile past at intervals in that fatal direotioa A party of three hundred moved across the boulevard only a few moments ago. ... At Satory, on Wednesday, a
thousand of the insurgents got rid their handcuffs
. . . The soldiers fired into the crowd and three
hundred insurgents wore shpt.
* *       ♦
The Daily News of May-June, 1871, also reveals
the story of ruling class brutality, when it stated
that batches of as many as fifty and one hundred
were shot at.a time. The Standard of the same date
recorded that women and boys were amongst those
who were destroyed, and if not killed outright, buried alive and later (killed by shots or suffocation.
And then the ruling class of today, through its press
besmirches the Russian Workers' Republic, because
the government of thc day has had to suppress
counter revolutionists who have been in their pay
and who were mercenaries have bcen freed from
prison, after the sentences imposed on them had
brought them to a realization of the harm they
had done to thc working class republic.
* *       *
But the situation is a little different today. The
Russian workers have a means of spreading the
truth. They have undermined the capitalistic lies.
They have been able to got thc truth out to the
people, and in spite of the capitalistic propaganda,
they have sent their story to the world, and the
workers are daily realizing that all that is printed
in thc capitalistic press is not true, but that the
press records of ruling class victories, such as reported in the Times of 1871, are generally based on
facts, and that the atrocities of thc French bourgeois in that year aro truo and have the hall-mark
of capitalistic approval placed on them.
But what of the situation .today in France 1 What
of the conditions of Germany. In thc days of the
Paris Commune, the Germans, led by Bismarck, invaded France for the purposes of the French ruling
class. In the present year, tho French are invading
Germany, but not for thc safety of the worKers or
even the German ruling class; but for their own purposes and thc only bright spot in tho two countries
referred to is thc fact that thc German and French
Revolutionists arc opposed to the ruling elass, irrespective of thcir nationality or under whieh flag they
trade, and do business. Tho revolt of thc Parts
workers in 1871 may havo been promature, but the
revolt of the world's proletariat in thc coming days
will not bn before tho timo set by historical development, and the Frortoh and German workers will line
up as did thcir masters in 1871, to defeat their common enemy, and at the time the workers were in
control in Paris, but whon thc next clash occurs, the
workers will control both Paris and Berlin, and
there will bc no danger from a combined German
and French ruling class. Speed tho day. The Paris
Commune has its lessons, but the Russian revolution
also has its educational sido as well as its example
to thc world's workers, who are neither French, German, English, or any other nationality, but just
wage earners.
Hope Deferred and the Activities of
the Organized Workers
HOPE DEFERRED makoth thc heart sick, is an
old saying, but if the workers would only realize
that, there is no hope in capitalism, they would not
become sick with waiting for something to turn up,
but woukl turn up .the system, take possession or
the means of wealth production, and by sn doing,
provide themselves and their families with thc necessities of life
Hut whilo the capitalistic press at all times is
against flio worker.., at times some od'toi'lfll writer
in thc pay of the capitalistic class, spills thc beans,
and this has happened during the past week. It
will be remembered that The Federationist has consistently and without avail protested against the
wages paid on the Point Grey U. B. C. site clearing
job. But the wages on that job are still at the rate
of thirty-five cents per hour.
*        *        *
We take it that the readers of The Federationist
are mostly workers. Interested readers are naturally
concerned with working class conditions, and that
the following editorial comment,, clipped from the
Vancouver Sun, will interest them, and give them
food for thought as to the methods of the Labor
movement in this part of the world.   The comment
reads as follows:
. . s.
Twelve years ago today the News-Advertiser
published the following story:
"The B. C. Federation of Labor, which is in
session at Victoria, yesterday passed a resolution urging thc government to have inserted in
contracts for tho construction of the Provincial
University at Point Grey—which will bc started
almost immediately—a clause that all wages
should not be less than the minimum union rate
of wages established in Vancouver for the respective crafts."
To find that the good people of twelve years
ago expected an immediate start on the university gives us the same thrill of fellowship as we
got a few weeks ago when we found that King
Tutankhmcn drank beer.
It took the Israelite forty years to get into the
promised land. Students at the University of
British Columbia still have 28 years in which to
break their famous record. ,
It may have taken the Israelites forty-years to get
into the promised land, but there is one thing sure,
and that is, that if the workers are desirous of obtaining new conditions, new social outlooks, they
must cease reading and being impressed by their
masters' propaganda, or they will have to live on
the hope which, when deferred, maketh the heart
sick, but does not fill hungry stomachs. Their's is
the choice between hope deferred and capitalistic
government's procrastinations and action. The action they wish to take they themselves can determine.
VANCOUVER, B, C.
FMDAV ....March 16,  19lt
Lessons from Paris Commune
DERHAPS NO EVENT in history re-fof 20 divisions of Paris, corresponding
■**    VAnla      mora      nl__._i*1i-      tho      anion*}*—n     til    ftllf   uruprla Vint/it*    TJ,,n-,.    _.„ „    __ -   _.
The Boy Scout Movement
SIR ROBERT BADEN-POWELL, one-time militarist, and now seeking for the youth of the lands
which he visits for more cannon fodder, is on his
way to Canada. His mission is to foster the Boy
Scout movement. No doubt this trip to the Dominion
will bring the results desired; in other words, there
will be a number of boys, who at the age of life
when adventure appeals to them, will become enamored with the idea of becoming Boy' Scouts, while
they may hate war and all that it implies, but at the
same time do not recognize that the whole trend of
the Boy Scout movement is militaristic, and has only
one object, and that to make soldiers to fight ruling
class battles, as their fathers did before them, and
to desolate the countries of their masters' enemies.
It might be possible to give some of the history
of the "adventures" of Canadian soldiers who returned from the late war. They would be interesting reading. They have lined up in bread lines, ana
all the glory of war has, we hope, been swept from
their minds. But what is thc object of Sir Baden-
Powell's visit? Let the British Labor press tell the
story. The Glasgow Forward of February 10, eon-
tains the following statement:
Lord Methuen made a speech, which was reported in the Glasgow Herald. After praising
the dead in the Peninsula, Crimean, Boar and
Great War, His Lordship proceeded to speak of*
industrial unreat and the future of militarism.
We uote the press reports:
"What he thought of mostly was the future
generation. They had done our work as well as
our ancestors did, and they had upheld the tradition^ of the regiment, but they had to instil
into the coming generation what they should do.
Ab the country did not choose to have compulsory training for youth, they must do all they
could to encourage voluntary associations such
as church lads' brigades, boys' brigades, and
Boy Scouts. If anything happened that the
future generation had not the spirit of loyalty
to their country, and the fear of God which
should be installed into them, it would not be
the fault of the present generation. He felt it
was his duty wherever he went always to speak
on the same line.
Thc Forward then comments on the "Cadet Movement."   It quotes the following:
Here is another of the youth movements that
is "in no sense military," and it is run by the
Territorial Force Association. At the annual
meeting held in Glasgow, Lord Provost Paxton
was in the chair, surrounded by army officers.
The .minutes dealt with applications for grants
and equipment.
Colonel McLeod said the Cadet movement was
to make good citizens; it was for the welfare of
apprentices and had nothing to do with militarism. The means they adopted was good healthy drill in squads, which taught tne Iaas to
havo respect for their superiors. Some of the
large firms, recoginzing the benefits of Cadet
companies, made them part of their welfare
schemes. It also made for the health of the
workers. The government gave a grant for uniform and camps. Owing to dull trade, the apprentices and their parents could not subscribe
so much as formerly, and unless private firms
supported the movement it would cease to exist.
Facilities were afforded for football, boxing,
and other pports—and shooting, The lads had
also a friend in his officer, to whom he could apply for advice.
Thc Association thereafter decided on a recruiting campaign.—Glasgow Herald report.
We are only sorry that we have not the space to
publish al! that the Forward has to say on this proposition of training the youth of the Old Land to
fight the battles of the master elass. But thnt is impossible. But aftor reading thc above, wc can only
<'all thc attention of the members of the working
elass to the faet that the employers have one object
in mind, and that is to instil jn the minds of thc
youth of this or any other country, ns quoted above,
"thc fear of God and respect for tlieir superiors,"
and at the same time inculcate in the plastic minds
of the rising generation, the respect for their masters' property which will give them the right psy-
ohology to fit them for the fray whon they arc culled
on to engage in battle for something which they
nevor possessed, or cnn hope to, under the present
system, nnd which has been termed democrncy, but
whieh lias in the analysis boen termed freedom,
somothing which cannot exist under wage Mavery.
veals more clearly the scientific
verity of the Marxian Law of Economic Determinism, than does the treatment given the Paris Commune, by
representatives on the one hand of the
master class, and on the other of the
workers. In the diverse viewpoint of
these two classes, we see the relativity
of what is good, or what is evil, and
whether an act is regarded as a patriotic and social duty, or a brutal massacre, depends on the interests involved. This is one of the hideous products of class divisions, and of human
exploitation, or slavery.
Through these facts we see that
current morals, laws, religions and
histories, are those of the exploiting
class, and we see the vital necessity
of a scientific propaganda, and a literature which will represont the productive forces of society, which in reality
represents the welfare of humanity in
general.
With these words, Dr. Curry prefaced his address last Thursday evening
in the W. P. hail. The speaker quoted
from "The Civil War in Prance," by
Karl Marx, and from other works. He
also demonstrated his point on the
class naturo of education, by reading'
the entire reference on the Pari," Commune from that fountain of "Universal Knowledge," known as Chamber's
Encyclopaedia, which is as follows:
"In the spring of 1871, the peace of
France was seriously threatened by a
successful outbreak of Communists in
Paris, who after great bloodshed, and
grievous damage to public and private
property, were quelled by the regular
army, which sided with tho government, and on May 20, order was restored."
Just one sentence on the Paris Commune, juat to show how these bloodthirsty workers endangered the peace
of France. This spectre of Communism was destroyed by it being ruthlessly crushed, by the friends of "law
and order," aB we shall see.
In Russia similar efforts have not
been so successful. The Franco-
Prussian war, said the speaker, waa
the event which led to the Communist
revolution of Paris. Bourgeois France
had already changed from monarchy
to republicanism twice. Louis Napoleon, a nephew of the "great" Bonaparte, had been elected president, but
he wished to be an Emperor. By assassination and Imprisonment, he silenced hfs strongest opponents ln Dec,
1851, and a year later, was made Napoleon III. by a popular vote.
This Imperial product of political
democracy, ruled 18 years, when waning popularity and the growth of Republican sentiments once more Induced him to attempt to re-establish
his popularity.
Through a childish pretext, regarding who was to be the King of Spain,
he declared war on Prussia in 1S70,
His dogs of plunder crossed the frontier into Germany, and after several
bloody battles, In the "Interests of
civilization and liberty," his two great
armies were defeated, and a few days
later,  Paris was  surrounded by the
to our wards.   Victor Hugo ran as a
Communist, but was defeated.
Many of the military and intellectual
leaders of the National Guard now deserted. They were bourgeois, not
Communists. The Communists had
complied with constitutional methods,
and even their enemies declared that
during the few weeks they were in
power, life and property were better
safeguarded than ever before ln the
history of Paris, partly due to the fact
that most of the criminal class had
followed Thiers and his gang to Versailles. The Communists immediately issued their manifesto. They declared for internationalism, production for use and the abolition of all
social parasites. They called for the
separation of State, and church, for
the secularization of eduaction, and
the teaching of Communist principles.
Many changes regarding labor were to
be put into Immediate effect, and they
publicly burned the guillotine.
Perhaps their greatest blunder was
their failure to tako possession of the
Bank of France. Frederick Engles
said had they done so, it would have
been worth moro than "10,000 hostages."
During these times, Thiers and his
class were not idle, but were making
ready to crush the Communist government of Paris. After jail, was
Communism not the common enemy
of France and Prussia? The great
French armies were prisoners of Bismarck, and so Thiers was not long In
showing the latter the necessity of
freeing these troops, in order to crush
this "red peril of civilization." Soon
by thousands and tens of thousands,
the armies of Frcuch imperialism
were surrounding the wails of Paris,
The infamous Thiers had promised
that the day when the Communists
were crushed, Bismarck would receive
the first Instalment of the billion dollar Indemnity agreed upon.
' The Communists, poorly equipped
by thla time, knew what to expect.
They fought heroically, but were mewed down by thousands, and the whole
of Bourgeois France, all the governments of Europp and of the world, applauded this restoration of law and
order, the law and order of wage-
slavery. The infamous Gilifet, who had
charge of this butchery, after the
surrender of the Communards, shot
some 40,000 National Guards, and
about 10,000 women and children.
This contention being that the men
might rebel against their masters
again, such women would breed rebellious children, and such children
would perpetuate the revolutionary
Ideas of their fathers.
Prof. Geo. D. Herron says of this
event: "The PariB Commune is history's supreme tragedy. There is no
martyrdom so splendid, no sacrifice of
the people so great, no protest against
oppression so disinterested, and so
worthy of being sung in epic, and told
in story, as this mighty martyrdom of
workers, in tho springtime of 1871."
And so, in Vancouver, and from
thousands of working class platforms,
troops of Prussia under the Crown ■ and newspapers is told this story of
Prince. M, Thiers, a lawyer, and busi- sacrifice, and Is taught the lessons,
ness man, now appears on the scene, which tell us of the brutalizing effects
Marx tells ub that Thiers "was con- of economic slavery, and of the com-
siBtent only in his greed for wealth ing struggle, which the world's work-
and his hatred for the men who pro- ers must meet before freedom for our
duce it." [ race can be realized.
The workers of Paris had organized      The subject for next Thuraday will
themselves into a National Guard, to  be: "The Greatest Event ln History—
defend   Paria   from   the   Prussians,  the Russian Revolution."
Thiers had arranged with Bismarck
to surrender Paris, but hore waB the
National Guard composed largely of
Communists,  but  largely led by the
business   elements.     Tet   when   the
Prussian  armies entered   Paris,  they
found   themselves   prisoners.   .Thiers
tried to disarm the Guard, but his soldiers four times refused to flre on the
workers, so that he could not carry
out his secret contract with the Prussian leaders.
Tlio Political Revolution of March 26
The central committee of the Guard
called an election, and on March 26,
the Communist Party captured 16 out
Lelpslc, Germany.—The movement
toward industrial unionism received
another Impetus at the national convention of the Glaziers' union, when
that body decided to amalgamate
with the newly-formed' Building
Trades federation, the backbone o*
which, numerically, ls the Building
Trades union. The Glaziers' union
numbers 4110 members. Other unions
which have amalgamated with or are
about to join the Building Trados
federation (Baugewerksbund) are the
potters, the painters, the stone cutters. The Idea underlying the amalgamation movement is that not only
Union -Label League of the Trades and Labor CouncU
WHIST DRIVE AND DANCE
TONIGHT-FRIDAY, MARCH 16th
Alexandra Dancing Pavilion
Tailors, Garment WorkerB, Boot nnd Shoo Workera tnd Barbers participating-
Whilt, 8:15 p.m.    Dancing from 9 to 12 p.m.
LADIES'   OB GENTS'   TAILOR-MADE SUIT  TO  BE  (OTBN AWAT.
Tou can pick your own tailor anil materia) If you aro the lucky one; the bill will
bo paid by the Union Libel League, providing you ftt the onion Ubel on ths nit.
-^rtrit^P^^r
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
An Attractive
Assortment of
Women's and Misses'
Sports Skirts
Special at $6.75 Each
FNIFE-PLEATED or box-pleated two-
piece models in such fabrics as fancy
wool basket weaves, homespuns, novelty
wool checks in various plain colors and
smart combinations of colors. These are of
splendid materials, are well made and represent especially good value at the price—
$6.75 each.
—Drysdale'a Women's Skirt Shop, Third Floor
the workere in the building industry,
but also the producers of building
materials shall belong to one large
industrial organization.
To Buyers of Printing
rpHE following firms have established the 44-hour week, and
*■ are therefore the only printing office* operating under conditions which are fair to the undersigned organiiation:
Arcade Prlnten, Homer Btreet  Arcade..™ „.........„--.. Bey. 463S
D, O. Printing snd Lltho Lid,, Smythe tnd Homer 8ts.-...8ey. 8238
Broadway Print* rs, 810 Broadway Eait... -,.—__.-._....-~.Ftlr. 90S
Cltlien,   The,   1461  Broadway  Weat   Bay.   85T
Cowan A Brookhouio, 1129 Howe Bt Bey. 4490-7411
Dunsmuir Printing, 487 Dunamulr Btreet - ....Sey. 1106
Evans,   Charles   A.,   1678  Klngaway _. Ft.!r. 780
Kershaw,  J. A,  684  Beymour Street „  Boy. 8674
Mltcholl-Foley,   Ltd.,  129  Hutlngi  St.  W Sey. 9288
North Bhore Preia, North Vancouver ..............._.-_.._...™-...N. V.  80
Pacific Prlnten, 600 Tower Building  Sey. 0602
Ponnie, Jaime,  218 Haatings  Street Eaat .  Soy. 8120
Progressive  Printen,   18 Victoria Drive   High. 2370
Record Publishing Co., 620 Pender St W. _.  Bey. 7808
Rogori Printing Co., 680 Homer Street  Sey. 6440
Seymour Pr.es, 423 Richards St _,  Bey. 8728
ShUvoik Bros., Typesetters, 841 Pender St. W .....Buy.   684
Shilvook-Jackson, Typefounders, 841 Pender St. W Sey.   684
Star Printing Co.,  812 Pender St.  West   .....Boy. 8608
Snn Publishing Co., 187 Pender St. West ~ - Bey.     40
Timms, A. H.. 230—14th Avenue _. Pair. 1872
Vancouver Job  Prlnten,  787 Pxnder  St.  West.— Bey. 2021
Vancouver Printing Service, 810 Metropolitan Building....Sey. 2102
Ward, Lionel ft Co.. Ltd., Ill Homer St —Bey.   198
Woodruff,  E. L. ft Son,  1580 66th Ave. W _  Ebur. 189
Wrlgley Printing Co,, Ltd., 429 Homer St - Bey. 8826
VANOOUVER TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226
The undermentioned Amis arc non-union, Instigators or supporters of tho "AMERICAN PLAN" In the printing trade In
Vnncouver, and consequently opposed to union men and union
principles.
U   A. Roodde, Ltd,
Ruse, Cowan ft l.atta
Uneeda Printen
White  ft  Blndon
Bigga,   Andenon,  Odium,  Ltd.
J.  W. Boyd
Clarke  ft   Stuart
Evans  ft  Haatings,  Lid.
Murphy ft Chapman
Nicholson, Ltd
Vanoouver 8tstlonora
$25
SPRING COATS
SPRING SUITS
$25
New  and   Striking  Models—In
the   New   Materials—the   New
Shades.
Offered at a Popular Price
Famous
From Maker
To Wearer
698 HASTINGS  ST..  Near Oraaville
Ring np Phone Seymour 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit*   Ml   Dominion   BnlMinf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Books at
Auction Prices
W7B will offer 1000 hooks (or
" sale at auction prices, from
Friday, March 16th to Friday,
March 23rd. This means that
the highest bidder for any book
will get it.
We must make room for the
new stock of books coming Itt for
the summer and fall seasons,
Our stook represonte all classes of
•lit era turn. Action, history, economies,
philosophy, religion, science, trade text
books, school texts, etc.
This Is your chance to buy books at
practically  your own price.
A gontlrman last week picked tp a
rare book, worth $100, for IS.
When yoa havo an hour to spare,
como and look over tbe stock. We
have some good books on carpentry,
electrical work, engineering, etc
The Educational
Book Supply
4, 441 SEYMOUR STRKET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Mall orders  solicited.    Send for eur
catalogue.
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BABBISTBB8, SOLIOITOBS, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan B-Udlnf
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Phones: Sey. 1441 and 465
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Phone Sey. 9076
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Phone, Highland M,
Mainland
Cigar Store
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THE PLACE FOB PIPES
LONG DIBTANCE telephone aervlee
will eonUct yon with any desired
eltr within hundreds of mil's. Thie fMt
of getting Into personal touch with th*
distant party in worthy of yonr serious
consld«*ratf<n. Yonr own telephone la a
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vide you with the many benefits of this
service.
B. O. TELEPHONE OOMPANT,
 "LAID  OFF"—
Two Short Wm*,. Uriels. n« t»» OaU Between
OOMIOHT aiHt POVERTY
Hava yn  pratacud  yaanall and ytar family aaalnat net aa .merr-nty,
will a BaVINBB AOOOONT—tk, m„.i ,.l.,_i. aum a aaa aaa _•». far
Uu "BAIKT DAT."
Wa BTKONOL-   RECOMMEND you to Hart ,««_ aa aaaoaat AT ONCE.
at oi. of aar City  BranohM
HASTINOS aad BBTMOOa  (aa. I. Hamaoa. Mi_>««r
Oordon aad Abbott Main aad 8Mb Ara. Kala aad Broadvai
WHERE TOU WILL BEOBIT _ PROMPT AM) OOOBTBOSI ATt-WTIO*
Union Bank of Canada
PS.—If yon are living hi a enoimflHlt} *»t provided wttf Banking fartim---.   »ri
dress as by snail, and we will hu tint tn mid*- ytm In resp-n tn "Banking ht  Mall " SIDAY March 16,  1823
FIFTEENTH YEAR.
no. n BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvhr, r c.
PAGE THREE
\DENTISTRY
I At Half Usual Prices
Oome This Week—Let me examine yonr teeth and give
yon an estimate on putting them in prober condition,
Feel free to consult me.   It implies no obligation.
Expression Plates
HALF PRICE.
Bridgework and Crowns
HALF PRICE
Extraction of Teeth,    Gold, Porcelain and Al-
HALF PRICE loy Fillings, Half Price.
1 will jive 15-ycar written gaaranttco on my work.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Corner Seymour
Phone, Seymour 3331
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
LUMBER WORKERS'
NEWS AND VIEWS
Vancouver Unions
NCOUVBR TRADEB AND LABOR
Xouncil — President, R. H. Neelands, M.
I A.; general seoretary, Percy R, Bengough.
Ice: U08, 819 Pender St. West. Phone Sey.
)>6.     Meets  in Labor Eall at 8 p.m. on
i first and third Tuesdays in month.
■LIED  PRINTINO  TRADES COUNCIL—-
■Meets second Monday In tbe month. Pre*
lent, J. R. Whito; eoorotary, R. H. Neei-
Tls   P, O. Box 80.
l.kE.U SALESMEN, LOOAL 371—MeeU
V'eond Thursday erery month, 819 Pender
feet Went. President, J. Brlghtwooll;
■ancial secretary, H. A. Bowron, 2849'
■ms Street. _________
fUKNr.yaii'.M BARBERS' INTERNATION-
■AL Union of America*—Looal 120, Van*
liver, B. 0., meets aeoond and fourth Tnes*
La in eaeh month In Room 813—819 Pen-
Street West. President, C. E. Herrett,
I Hastings Street East; aeoretary, A. R.
hi, 820 Cambie Street, Shop phone, Sey.
1)2.    Residonoe phone, Doug. 2171R,
ERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF
ollormakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
of America, Loeal 194—Meetings flrat
, third Mondaya in eaeh month. Presl-
t, P. Willis; secretary, A. Fraser. Offloo:
.in 803—819 Pender Street Weat. Offloa
re, 9 to 11 a-m. and 8 to S p.m.
COFFEE
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
IlCKLAYEKU AND MABONS—If jou __<__
l)rickl_y-r_ or muous for boiler work*,
I., or marblo letters, pbone BrlckUferi'
pon. Leber Temple.
JlTED BROTHERHOOD OF OABU-EH-
rERS nod Jolnera, Local 452—Prealdeat.
A. Dunn; recording aeeretary, Gee, Hnellj
Blnesa aient, Geo. H. Hardy. Offloe:
Vm 804—S19 Pender Street Weat Meeta
bnd and fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room 5,
. Pender Street Weat,
GET A NBW SUBSCRIBER
The greatest assistance tbat the
readers ot The Federatlonist oan ren.
der as at this time. Is try securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the nows of the working class
movement and assist ns.
IO EMPLOYEES ONION—MeeU Irat
, third fridaya In each month, at 148 Oor-
a Street Weat. Preaident, David O-thtll,
;_ Albert Street; seoretary-treaaorer, Geo.
■laon, 1885 Woodland Drive.
UNEERS — IMTERN ATIONAL DNION
anteam and Operating, Loeal 844—Moeta
Iry Thuraday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
JUple. BeereUry-lroaiurer, N. Green, 958
Imbr Street. Phono.Sey. 7048R. Becord-
*"V   j-cretary,   J.   S.   Campbell,   808   Flnt
J-oot, Worth Tanoonver.	
[DERATED LABOR PARTY, 148 COR-
Tiova   Street   Wut Educational   meet.
ft every Snnday evening, 8 o'clock. Buai-
B., meetinga every Wedneeday ovening. A.
Solnnls, chairman; E. II. Morrison, socles.; Goorge D. Harrison, 1835 Woodland
live, Vanoouver, B. C, corresponding sec-
l»ry.
TY FIREFIGHTERS UNION NO. 18—
President. Neil MaoDonald, No. 1 Fireball;
jiretary, 0. A. Watson. No. 3 Firehall,
BTEL AND RESTAURANT Employeea
iUnion, Local 28—441 Seymour Stroot.
[eta flret and third Wednesdays at 2;30
Second and fourth Wednesdays at
ho p.m. Eiecutive board meets evory
Besday at 8 p.m. President, W. Colmar;
laineas agent, A. Graham.   Phone Seymour
Hi
Imber WORKERS INDUSTRIAL UNION
T)F CANADA—An industrial union of all
foors in logging and construction camps.
Hst District and Goneral Headquartera, 61
■dova Street West, Vancouver, B. 0.
line Soymour 7858. J. M. Clarke, goneral
retary-treasarer; legal advisers, Messrs.
aU, Macdonald * Co., Vanoouvor, B. 0.;
liters,  Messrs.  Buttar tt Ohione,  Vancou-
S B. C.	
IcHINISTS LOCAL 182—President, Lee
Beorge; seoretary, J. G. Keefe; business
fit, P. R. Bongough. Offlce; 809, 319
■der Street Weat. Meets In Room 813—
1 Pendor Stroet Weet, on flrst and third
Sradays ln month.
■OHINISTS LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
lawson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
lit, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 309—819
■dor Street Weet. Meets In Room 8—
A Pender Stroet Wost, on second and 4th
■sdaya In month.	
IsiCIANS MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
iNION. Local 146, A. F. of M.—Meet; at
I,. Hall, Homer Stroet, second Sunday,
Io a.m. President, Emest 0. Millor, 991
Son Stroot; socretary, Edward Jamleson,
t Neloon Slroot; financial socretary, W. IS.
Bliams, 991 Nelson 8treet; organiser, ¥.
meher, 991 Nelson Street
PTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORA-
TORS and Paperhangers of America, Local
1 Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Tiro-art at 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
[8510.    Business agent, R. A. Baker.
IE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
Took Bnllden, Loeal No. 2404—Meets In
ior Hall, 319 Pendsr Btreet West every
land 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas. Thorap-
1 flnanclal s.oretary.
,_ORB' UNION OF THE _ ACI-IO. 136
Erdova Street West, P. 0. Box 571. Phone
18703. Meetinga every Monday at 7:80
J   P. Hockaday, business agent.	
Aerated seafarers' union of a.
W—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 8rd
lay of eaoh month at headquarters, 318
flova Street West. President, D. Gllles-
sf vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
Ssnrer, Wm. Donaldson, address 318 Cor
l 8treet West.   Braneh agent's address;
, Francis,  1494 Government Stroet, Vic-
_j, B. 0.	
JtEET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY EM-
■loyees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
IP. Hall, Eighth and Klngsway, 1st and
7 Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre-
int. 7. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive:
fording seoretary, A. V. Lofting; treaaurer,
IF Andrew; flnanolal secretary and bust-
la agent, W. H. Cottrell. 468—17th Ave.
ist. Offlee, oorner Prior and Main Streets,
line, Fairmont 4504Y.
bRNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
Kt Monday in eaoh month, 8 p.m. Prosl-
Tt. A. R. Oaten by: vice-president, Mrs.
Ik; recording socretary, 0. MoDonald, P.
■Box 508: flnanolal secretary, P. MoNelsh,
BO. Box 503.	
l-IETY FOR TECHNICAL AID TO SO-
Slot Russia—Vancouvor branch meots first
a third Sundays eaeh month. 2 p.m., at 61
■dova Street West. For Information write
■branch secretary, 8. T. A. S. R.. 81 Oor-
■a Street Weat, Vancouver, B. 0.
stnORAPHICAL UNION NO. 226—Preildent, Wm. Skinner; vice-president. A.
Sker; sccretary-troasurer, R. H. Neelands,
■O. Box 86. Moets lost Sunday of oaoh
\l\ at 2 p.m
JlAIVO TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION Ne.
Wut—President, J. J. Begg: vice-president,
IJ.   Stewsrt;    secretory-treasurer,   u.   C.
Biert.   P. 0. Box 476. Nnnalmo. B, 0.   	
WWW, RUPKRT TYPOGRAPHICAL
ilNTON. No. 418—President. S. D. Mac-
laid, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell.
, Box 689. Moots last Thursday of oach
Inth. ___
Hand your neighbor this copy of
Fsrl-rstlonist.    and   then    call
lennd next day (or a stibacrlptlon.
Slater's
Ham, Bacon, Batter,
Eggs, Fresh Meat
Our Week-end Specials
FREE DELIVERY
123 Hastings St. E. Sey. 3262
3260 Main St. Fair. 1883
1101 Granville St. Sey. 6149
(Cor. Davlo and Qranvllle, on
Qranvllle.)
830 Granville St.   Sey.   888
Spud Special     '
Slater's   Famous  Mealy   Spuds,
on sale Saturday only;
100-lb. sack	
85c
Slater's Famed Cottage Rolls,
average 4 to 6 0*Jl.j»
lbs.; no bone; Ib   £lO_\*
Slater's Famed Plcnlo Hams,
selling at, 1 Alt.
per lb      102»»
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire  9A.
Roll Bacou, lb OUC
Fresh Meat
Slater's Famed Pork Shoulders, average 4 to •§ A\ —
10 lbs. per lb  1*12 C
Slater's   Middle   Cuts  of   Pork,
per tb. ., 20o
Prime Pot Roasts, from, lb. 10c
Prime   Oven   RoaW,   from,   per
lb 12 Ho
Prime Boiling Beef, from lb. 8c
Prime Boneless Stew Beef, 2
lbs. for  25c
Prime Rib Rolled       *| Q
Roasts, from, Ib  IOC
Prime Lamb Legs,,  tb 3Ro
Prime Meaty Cuts of Lamb,  3
lbs. average; Ib KH_e
Prime Loins of Lamb, lb 800
Prime Lamb Stew, 2 tbs 25o
Prime Corned Beef,    a O 1 —
from, per tb....       A**_ C
Fresh Spare Ribs,      | H _
per lb        Iwv
Fresh Pork Kidneys, 1 _* —
per Ib    IOC
Fresh Lamb HeartH
each	
5c
Have a look at Slater's Fresh
Meat—it's different
Salt Special
. Fine Kitchen Salt for Table or
Kitchen use 10 lbs. for 25c
LaBtt But Not Loast
Slater's    Sugar-cured    Streaky
Bacon,   Half
Regular    42c
Saturday,
per lb	
At Slater's Stores
DON'T FORGET YOUR SPUDS.
lOO-lbH.'sacks,
free delivery	
Whole   Slabs.
It>.   Friday   and
33k
85c
Lumber Workers and United Front
T-HB plan for forming the united*
* front, not only among the lumber
workers, but for the whole working
class, was launched by the congresses
of the Srd International and the Red
International of Labor Unions in
1921; but nevertheless the united
front Is not merely an invention of
Moscow Bolsheviks, but is an absolute necessity for the workers of
Burope and America. In the following I shall try to deal with the attitude taken by the lumber workers ln
Canada towards the united front.
The present number of organized
lumber workers in this country io insignificant, Ojlthough in 1920 nearly
twenty thousand loggers were organized. The activities of the Lumber
Workers' union covered an area from
the coast of B. C, to the Province of
Quebec; hut out of this rapidly-built
organization only the toughest bunch
remains organized; that is those loggers who are united in the "Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union of Canada," which is afflliated to the Red
International of Labor Unions,
A rival to the Lumber Workers'
union has made its appearance recently in Vancouver. The I. W. W.
have opened up a lumber workers'
headquarters, in spite of the fact that
there is already in existence an organization having a number of members, that is the L.W.I.U. of C. : On
the top of the aforementioned organization there is the last remains
of the O.B.U., in existence ln Ontario,
although their number and influence
is small. The number of organizations and their expenses are great,
but their fighting strength when arrayed against the highly organized
lumber barons is practically nothing.
In place of a united front we flnd the
lumber workers disorganized and
helpless, the different organizations
fighting with each other, while the
war whoops of the lumber kings
shouting their slogan of "Divide and
Rule," sounds abroad. Yes, more
than that, it ls an accomplished fact,
and whether this is the result of the
work of lumber barons in our ranks
because of the Ignorance of the
workers does not alter the facts of the
case.
Organization among lumber workers is In a deplorable condition, but
the situation will not be Improved by
"deploring." It Is high time for all
lumber workers to take the question
of the united front under consideration and make it an accomplished^
fact. Only a highly centralized
power which has left behind It all
the "flim-flam" of democracy, will we
be able to flght successfully against
the lumber barons of this country.
When industry is busy, we are able
to get a bigger portion of what we
produce, shorter hours, etc. The
lumber industry is busy at present;
let us make hay while the sun shines.
If all the lumber workers in this
country were members of any of the
before-mentioned organizations, then
a starting point for a united front
woulld be easy to flnd, but as hinted
before, the greater portion of them
are so much intoxicated with the
bourgeois philosophy of their masters
that they are outside of any kind of
workers' organization. How then can
we start out to form the united front?
Should we recommend this or that
organization as being the only genuine one, or how should we act? I do
not believe that any member of the
rank and flle of any of these organizations are opposed to the united
front, but I can not say that for the
leaders of some of the organizations.
However, this I do know % for sure,
that the administration of the Lumber Workers' Industrial Union of
Canada is working with full energy
for a united front of lumbor workers,
Naturally, then. I recommend all
lumber workers to join that organ!
zation. But we should not view the
situation in a light of our own liking
but Bhould take it as lt Ib.
We are confronted with the fact
that there are three conflicting organizations in the lumber indusutry,
Tho remains of the O.B.U., the I.W.
W. and tho Lumber Workers' Industrial Union of Canada, and the lumber barons are feeling satisfied that
they have now resolved to feed their
unorganized slaves and their "fighting between themselves" slaves on
oleomargarine. If. we are members
or sympathizers of any of these rival
unions, we must never forget that we
'have one enemy, and one Btruggle,
and therefore we must create for pur-
selves One Union! One United Front!
One Goal!
If the leaders of any of these organizations refuse to work for the
united front, the members can not
change the policy of their leaders by
keeping quiet, or by staying outside altogether. No! You must organize!
If you do not have.an oportunity to
join the union which is working for
the united front, then join the one
you are able to; but join with the understanding that those tools of the
bourgeoisie, those leaders who are
fighting againat the united front ahall
be kicked out of their present positions, that they Bhall not be allowed
to confuse the workers any longer in
their every day and final struggles.
DELEGATE 45.
The many friends of John Hanna-
chak will be sorry to hear that he
was accldently killed while working
for the James Log. Co., Camip 3,
Cowichan Lake. The deceased was
unhooking at the spar tree and a log
was just coming Into the tree when
the choker came off the log. The
speed which the log was moving at
caused it to keep going when the
choker unhooked. Fellow worker
Hannachak aaw the log coming towards htm and ran to get out of the
way, but before he could get far
enough away the log fell right on top
of him, crushing all the upper part
of his body. The remains were taken
to Vancouver for interment. The deceased leaves a widow and one child.
A collection was taken up by the men
to assist the widow and child. Fellow worker Hannachak was an active
union worker.
WIU any of the men who were
working at Headquarters, Vancouver
Island, last summer, pleaae communicate with the secretary L.W.I.U., 61
Cordova Street west, as soon as ever
convenient?
Vincent McDonnell Is asked to
write to Pat Somers, Anyox B. C.
There Ib important news for him from
home. ,
WORLD NEWS IR
RRIEF PARAGRAPHS
Melbourne.—One of the results of
the recent federal elections In Australia is that the anti-war policy of
the Australian Labor party has been
vindicated, Tue minister for defense-
minister for repatriation and ex-minister for the navy have been defeated,
while other ministers of the war-time
federal cabinet—three of them—have
also been defeated.
Sydney, N.S.W.—By an amendment to the arbitration act, employees
who participate In profit-sharing
Bchemes arranged by their employers,
are automatically regarded aa proprietors, and outside the law fixing
wages and working conditions. As a
result of this amendment, a move is
being made by employers to institute
welfare and profit-sharing schemes
for their employees.
New York—One of the principal articles in the March issue of Soviet Russia ls entitted Azev, the Super-spy.
The article sketches the spectacular
life and misdeeds of the one-time Russian provocateur. Another article,
Facts and Fancies, is an analysis of
the manner in which Russian news is
suppressed and falsified by American
newspapers.
Philadelphia—The film, "Russia
Through the Shadows," at the Metropolitan opera house here, made necessary police reserves to handle the
crowds that clamored for admission.
A second showing was made the same
evening. More than 7000 persons saw
the picture. The proceeds will go to
Russia for, the relief of destitute children. The picture ia in aeven reels,
and tells the atory of Russia since the
revolution. It Is being distributed by
the national office of the Friends of
Soviet Russia.
Denison. Texas—Local 60, American -Federation of Teachers, has been
running benefits for the children of
shopmen who are still on strike In this
railroad centre, the- roads refusing to
settle. A show was staged by the
Teachers Unton with the assistance of
the school children, of which the proceeds went to strikers' children. A
community Christmas tree was also
arranged for and decorated by the
union.
One dollar and fifty cents Is the cost
for a alx months' subscription to The
FederationiBt.
Economic News Service
[By Leland Olds]
(Federated Press Industrial Editor)
American Wages and tbe Ruhr
T-HE NEW YORK TIMES refora to a
•*■ combination of the Ruhr magnates
and the French industrial Interests
represented by the Comite des Forges
as the most dangerous possibility In
the present Ruhr situation. According to the Times such a "supernatlonal
combination of iron, steel and coal interests which would be all powerful
on tho continent would be the beginning of worse troubles than we have
yet seen."
The fact is that such a combination
would mean the unification under
French control of what are today the
cheapest Iron and steel producing districts in the world, those of France,
Belgium nnd Germany. The situation
Is most accurately depicted in the following table which shows the present
cost per gross ton of producing pig
iron in the various competing countries:
United Great
States Brlt'n Free Belg'm
Ore  | 9.50 $9.70 $2.25 $4.25
f steel prices by 60 per cent, since 1920,
leaving them only 40 per cent, above
1913. How has she done this? By
forcing a low standard of living on
the workers in the industry. The following table prepared by the department of commerce shows that the low
competitive price rests entirely upon
wage reductions accepted by coal miners and steel workers.
Percentage  changes  in  steel  costs
and prices in Great Britain:
Coke    10.50
Lime stone ....    1.26
Labor      1.76
Other   2,00
8.75 10.00
0.70
1.75
1.75
1.00
1.00
Total   $25.00  20.70  13.30  16.25
British and American steel magnates
have been quick to see the meaning of
the situation shown by these figures,
But apparently labor Is taking no stops
to meet developments which will
chiefly affect the wage-eurners of the
nations involved.
The primary interest of labor In the
solution of this problem stands out
clearly if wo look nt the steps which
the British industry has taken to meet
international competition. Great Britain has been able to reduce export
gTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street Bast
Sey. 2399
Fresh Cut Flowen, Fnneral Designs. Wedding Banquets, Pat Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FI-ORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        655 Granville Street
Soy. BM-S72 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. -.-13-1391
WHIST  DRIVES
GET YOUR OFFICIAL PROGRESSIVE
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) A HUNDRED, AT
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
End of
1922
Item— 1913    1920
Wagea   In   steel
industry   100%    265%    135%
Coke prices  100        265        150
Railway  freight
charges  100        250     144-168
Shipping    and
port charges.._.100 250 165-200
Prices   of   iron
and steel  ltft       250       140
With the cost of living still from 75
to 80 % above 1913, Great ^ritain has
forced her coal miners to accept wages
averaging about 42% above the 1913
level in order to bring down the prices
of coul and coke. Similarly the wages
of steel workers have been reduced
until they average only 35% above the
pre-war level. According to Paul M.
Tyler, consulting metallurgist, writing
for Iron Age; this reduction "actually
represents a change from affluence to
poverty for the employees."
The London representative of the
department of commerce writes that
the slashing of steel prices to meet
foreign competition tended to impoverish tho workers because "the universal
In Great Britain is the sliding scale
proportional to selling prices. The
lpvel of earnings was theoretically below subsistence in some districts most
of the year." As a matter of fact the
slashing of prices to meet competition
in the world's markets was made possible by a drastic wago cut accepted
by the workers as the only road to employment.
That is what this competition for
market fs going to moan for the wage-
earner—lower wages accepted without
friction In order to obtain employment. But If we consider the whole
body of steel workers throughout the
world, such a process means simply
that the unemployment is passed on
from one nntional group to another,
which must In turn accept still lower
wages In order to regain employment
at the expense of their brother across
the sea. The burden of International
competition Is placed on the shoulders
of the wage earners who are expected
to proceed to cut each othor'athroats
while tho International money lenders
who hnve investments in all lands,
take the profits.
New York—Tho 'American Labor
Party of the State of New York, has
been organized hero at a conferenco of
representatives of trade unions, the
Farmer-Labor Party, the Socialist
Party, the Single Tax Party, and a
number of co-oporatlve and fraternal
organizations. Five delegates from
the Workers Party were excluded.
The conference has called upon the
executive of the conference for Pro>
gresslve Political Action to call a state
convention. An oxecutivo committee
of 2fi will bo appointed allotted as follows: Ton from the Labor unions, five
Socialists, Jive from the Farmer-Labor
Pnrty, two each from the fraternal
and co-oporatlve organizations, and
ono from the Zionists. Membership In
the party will bo confined to American citizons and to thoso who declare
thoir intention of becoming citizens.
The lattor must carry out thoir intention within six yoars.
********
Come and Look at this
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished'steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl2V_*-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $26.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$59
-CASH OR TERMS-
Hudson's Bay Company
Be sure to notify the poet offlce u      Patronize FederationiBt advertiser!
soon as you ohange your address. and tell them why you do so.
Precious Secrets Revealed^*
W/pNDBRFUL Book tells how to attain Longevity and Pros-
" perity and to ensure Domestic Happiness and Lifelong
Bliss, and Healthy Offspring.
No more groping—no more hoping! Mystery and conjecture
changed to light and truth—post theories brougbt to nought Genuine knowledge relating to the law of production and determination
of sex, so long hidden from mankind, ha? at last been unearthed and
Is now yours to utilize for your own benefit.
"Science of Life"
SECRETS OF HINDU SEX-PHTSIOLOOT
The result of long re-
le&rch «nd much lsbor
delving into snelent
Ssaskrit writings, tho
»er«d tesehingi o f
Hindu Richie, whoie
devotion to phlloiophy
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123, LOWER CIRCULAR ROAD, CALCUTTA
You may wish to help The Peeler-
ntlont.it. You cnn do so hy renewing
your -Mh-KTli-timt promptly and send-
In? in the Niitwnrlptlon nf your friend
or neighbor.
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
bcen British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade PAGE FOUR
fifteenth YEAR, no. u BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vAncopvra.
B. 0.
FRIDAY March 1«, l!
ALL ALTERATIONS AMD PRESSING FREE
Spring Suits
Especially Tailored in
Smart Models for
the Young Man
Rich heather mixtures, light pastel shades
and all the popular spring colorings are included in this group. Form-fitting styles
for the young man, at the remarkably low
price of only—
J. B. MacLachlan, Leader of N.S. Miners
-(Secretary District 26, U. M. W. A., Nova Scotia)-
Men's and
YoungMen*s
Snappy
Styles
Every conceivable color for
men—Browns, greys, greens,
blues, fancy mixtures and
Donegals, made up in either
single or double-breasted effects, as well as conservative
styles for the business man.
Pure wool suitings super-
tailored; pick yours for only
.50
$24
WILLIAM DICK UMITED
45-49 Hastings St., East
COMPLETE SATISFACTION ALWAYS GUARANTEED
MEW     WOMEN!     £"§jf -H
Read This Ad
AND CUT DOWN THE
HIGH COST OF LIVING
Read These Offerings
BUY YOUR SUPPLIES SATURDAY.
HERE ARE REASONS:
Saturday Specials
-AT-
CAL-VAN
MARKET
BROWN & SINCLAIR
Pork Chops,     A (? _
2 lbs. for ttOC
STALL *—... B. SEED
MY EXTRA SPECIAL
Prime Grain-fed Pork
any part of     9fi*»
the hog; lb
STALLS 14 anil 11
HOBSON
Pea Meal Back Bacon
by the piece;    *iO_*
lb
HOME AND COLONIAL
STALLS  IS mill   III
One pound of the Best
Creamery       At\
Butter for      W*-
With eiieh pound ol nm' delicious broken o.anue Pokoo
Ten lit ««e lh.
IIKID'S HAM SHOP
STALLS 10 to 12
Sliced Ayr-     o (\r
shire, per lb OUC
P. W.' SMITH
STALLS 19 and 20
Prime Sliced Bacon,
g 40c
STALL 86—W. JAMES
Guaranteed New-laid
Eggs, (pullets) oa
dozen OvC
Three dozen for 88c
FISH  DEPARTMENT .
CHRISTOPHER
Fresh Cod      0£0
Fillets, lb *OC
STALL   H4-86—ItOHItOH
Fresh Candies daily
at lower prices—Saturday.
J, B. MacLachlan ia the leader
the militant miners of Nova Scotia.
In 1921 he Initiated the policy of "ca'
canny" to meet the action of the British Empire Steel Corporation in reducing the wages of the miners 34 per
cent. This policy means that if the
operatora lower the wages, the miners
lower production accordingly. Last
August the atrike of the Nova Scotia
miners lasting 15 days forced an increase of 23 1-3 per cent, from the
corporation. The withdrawal of the
pumps from the mines waa condemned
by the capltaliat press throughout, the
country, and by the president of the
Union, but the completeness of the
tie-up because of the pump men being on strike, and the danger threatened to the mines, forced the operators to their knees. On the appeal of
the Provincial authorities, the Federal
government sent troops into the district, but could do nothing in face of
the solidarity of the miners.
At their last annual convention at
Truro in June, the diatrict decided to
apply for affiliation with the Red International of Labor Unions. Recently the reactionary machine of Lewis
off demanded thc withdrawal of the application on the ground that the R. I.
L. U. was a "dual organization" and
threatened the district with suspension of its autonomy. Much to the
dismay of Lewis and his gang, the district decided to preserve the unity of
the R. I. L. U. and prevent Lewis
sending his infamous "strong arm"
organisers into the diatrict to disrupt
lt by withdrawing their application.
In hfs speeches in Toronto during
the convention of the "Workers Party,
to which he was a delegate, Comrade
MacLachlan made it clear that the
Nova Scotia miners rely upon the
strength of their organization to combat the operators and are not concerned with the limitations of capitalist law or the preservation of the industry when these stand ln the way
of the miners ln their struggle for the
raising of their standard of living. The
policy of Lewis of co-operation with
the operators has only defeats and
disruption to its credit. The militant
policy of MacLachlan has not only
benefited the miners, but has also
built up a solid organization which
the operators cannot break.
Communists Send
Greetings to W. P.
(Continued from Page 1)
aa adopted at the Third World Con'
gress have been applied, the results
have more than justified themselves.
We feel sure that this will be your
own experience and that in the ensuing year no opportunity in this direction will be neglected.
Wc also notice a resolution on your
agenda concerning your future relations with the Canadian Labor Party.
Here again your attitude as from time
to time expressed is to us the correct
one. We think you appreciate it at
its true value, such affiliations and look
forward to a continuation of thia policy in the future. The true political
party of the working clasa should not
only be the party in the vanguard of
the army ot emancipation, directing
the advance by itB proclamations, but
should also through the activity of Its
membership direct all the other organs of working class expression in
action. This can only be done by
Communiats working as disciplined
units in a atrongly organized Communist Party.
We hope you will concentrate more
and more energetically in the direction of making your party a true fighting workers party.
One very essential instrument to
achieve this is the press, and we note
your resolution on this matter. A
strong, well-directed and thoroughly
controlled party press can do inestimable work—especially a daily—In the
consolidating directing the forces of
the working class, besides cementing
the ideas and activities of the party
members themselves.
The executivo committee of the Communist International looks to the
Workers Party of Canada to support
strongly and lead correctly the proletarian forces of Canada for the struggles ahead.
With Communist'greetihga, the Presidium of the B, C. C. I.
X.  BUCHARIN.
O. W. KUUSINBN,
Secretary.
Russian Experts Not
Starving Nor in Rags
(Continued from page 1)
animal. Twenty-flve times as many
females can be successfully impregnated by this method as through natural copulation and at the same time
the pathogenic micro-organisms which
may be transmitted in the sperm are
killed off and the spread of venereal
disease, for example, prevented. But
the necessary sponges and syringes
are lacking in sufficient quantities to
bring the greatest practical results,
"The main difficulty of most of the
scientists In Russia," Muller says, "is
their Isolation; their Inability to obtain knowledge of the progress being
made in other countries." He found
much unnecessary duplication of work
which could have been easily removed.
For example, Russian scientists are
hot admitted to America to lecture
unless invited by a recognized learned
society. He urges American scientific
societies to put the Russian institutes
on their mailing list.
'It 1b said that new students are still
being drawn into research work in
Russia," Muller reports. "Of course
only a amall proportion of those entering the universities ever go into
pure science, but it is encouraging tu
flnd that more are receiving Bome sort
of education than ever before. This
is one of the undisputed benefits conferred by the revolution."
GET A NEW SUBSCRIBER
Hie greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Foderationist can render ns at this time, ls by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news or the working class
movement nnd assist us.
Get your workmate to subscribe for
The FederationiBt.
Patronize Federationist advertisers,
before malting purchases.
British Government Operating Industries in the
South Pacific
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Nauru Island, So. Pacific Ocean.—
Scandalous working conditions prevail in the phosphate Industry at
Nauru Island, an ex-German poss-
ion just under the Equator, mandated
to Australia by the League of Nations,
The phosphate Industry Is worked
on behalf of a joint commission of
the British, Australian and New Zealand governments, who are partners
In the exploitation of the Island and
share the profits.
The visible supply of phosphate
rock on the iBland is estimated at
300,000,000 tons, and at the present
market value this is worth $1,750,-
000. The former owners of the Industry were frozen out for $15,000,-
000.
Tho labor employed is Chinese and
natives. The Chinese are paid $1.92
per week and board. Formerly they
were herded like cattle but lately
they have been able to force better
terms from the government. The Chinese are organized ln their own trade
union.
The natives of the island are paid
$1.25 per week and board. A royalty
of 1 cent a ton is paid to the native
chiefs on all phosphate taken from
the islands. The neighborhood natives are "blackbirded"—that is, Industrially conscripted—from adjoining islands, mainly the ex-Oerman
possessions, signed on for three years
and paid from $1 to $1,25 a month
for a 9-hour working day.
The Chinese and natives are housed
in compounds of which there are ten,
accommodating approximately 600
workers. The Chinese now have a
better class of compound. The native
compounds measure 40x?9 feet, and
contain 64 bunks each, one above the
other, with a narrow passage running
down the centre. Married couples
occupy thc top doublo bunks, single
natives and children the lower bunks.
Consumption and venereal diseases
aro prevalent, and medical men assess
the value of the natives' Uvea at about
$10 each., The compounds are vermin-stricken and unsanitary. The
coolies are locked in at 9 o'clock at
night and liberated at 5 o'clock in
the morning.
Protetsts have been raised in both
the Australian and New Zealand parliaments by Labor membera regarding the low wages and the disgraceful working conditions existing at
Nauru. Little notice has been taken
of the protests,
Hand Tho Federatlonist to your
ahopmate when you are through with
lt.
CAL-VAN MARKET
OPPOSITE PANTAGES THEATRE
I-ulldiiiK Permits
March 7—2522 DuthIhk, T. Kncale,
ihv-lllner. $2000: 3076 Clark Drive, A.
,T. Crowe, dwelling, $2600.
March _—2014—13lli Ave. Went. W.
H. Strntton, dwelling, »3000; 2616 Oxford, MIhh M. C. McKenzle, dwelling,
$2500; 2.19 Albert. W. Oormeley,
dwelling, $2500.
March il—101 Water Street, D.
Spencer, warehouse, $6000; 2150 Cam-
hie St., Union Oil Co., gnu station,
$6000; 1176—1-lth Ave. West, C. H.
Turner, dwelling, $3500,
March 10—252 Charles, \V. J. Hart,
dwelling, $1500.
March 12—1914 Victoria Drive, J.
McQougan, dwelling. $3750; 986—20th
Ave, East, Une & Talte, dwelling,
$2700.
March 13.—720 Richards street, F.
T. Sherborne, Ht.ro nml suites, $6000.
—ORPHEUM—
COM. WED. EVE., MAROH 21st
tea Kluhti ud T_r.« M»U-«»
VERA OOBDON ml OO,
 OABLTON EMMY	
THE _____ CA*___BON_
OENE   OBEENE	
0OMMIN8 »__, WHITE
aABBBNT »na MABVPl
SINCLAIR Uld DIXON
With KTHKL, KUBBBLb
M.U: lis te Ue; NI|M_: 25- to 11
Twice D_ll», »;»» ■»_ l;M
DANCING
Ev.r» Mob., Wed. ud Sot. Eva___|i
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCINO PAVILION
801 HORNET ST. Opp. Court Houm
Bruce's
Suits
are
Good
Suits.
Look
Them
Over-
They'll
Please
You
$25
CD. BRUCE
LIMITED
Oor.  Homer  and  Hastings
EVERY READER CAN HELP
Every render of The Fed oration lut
can remlor valuable a*■*>!stance by re*
now Ing tli«lr hu Inscriptions ns soon ns
they are due, and by Inducing nnother
worker to subscribe. It dues not tnke
much effort to do this.   Try It.
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A  Good  Place to Ent"
HASTINGS   AND   COLUMBIA   STS.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
i0,_   (OKI-OVA   STItl-l'--    EAST
Everything Modern
Hales ItciiMumhlf
Demand this Label
On your Overalls, Work Shirts, Mackinaws and
Pants, and help Local 160 to get a closed shop.
Paris Hand-Made
 Shoes-—
Do you appreciate comfortable shoes? Perhaps
it is difficult for you to get them to fit. We make
a specialty of footwear that does away with arch
supports entirely and still gives you the corrective features. Along with this we guarantee
you a perfect fit. Come in and talk it over.
Why not try our Shoe Repairing?
You will find that it pays you.
Pierre Paris
51
Hastings West
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
- TO PARTICULAR MEN -
l- «ll-_l_s*__®__leo__/AS_s_*_._W~
Sey.
1383'
I
storry & Mcpherson
Upstairs at 653 GRANVILLE STREET
T
A
I
L
O
R
S
SAWIPRACTIC
HEAI/TH PRACTICE
IJIOKETS, Infantile Paralysis, Weak
Eyes, Clubb-feet, are cured by
Osteopathy, Spinal Adjustments, Diet,
Hydro-Therapy, Massage, which are
Sanipraetic methods.
EXAMINATION FREE
Dr. W. Lee Holder
74 FAIRFIELD m'HJ.INti
Seymonr 8533
Pender West and Granville Streets
'
—cut your
milk bill 20%
by buying direct
from the farmer
We can make this
offer
-Because we are selling direct to the
consumer;
-Because we handle
such a volume of
milk we can cut
handling charges to
a minimum cost per
quart;
—Because we deliver
by a system that
eliminates all overlapping routes.
Our
Price
12 quarts
for
$
1
W7ITH a positive
" guarantee that
this price will be
maintained until at
least
October 1st
Start saving on your Milk tomorrow. Phone Fair. 1000—we
will arrange to start delivery.
Fraser   Valley  Milk
Producers' Association

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