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British Columbia Federationist Oct 31, 1924

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Array NOV!   vm
_. <*"*. —
Japan and> -sia—Competi*
tion Lesser*;!
League oi A
Legislation  Embodying-   General
Principles for Protection
of Women
[By Ii. of N. Non-partisan Association, New York,]
rpH(> international labor office, as
part of thc League of Nations,
through conferences and other means
of co-openition, has accomplished
reforms In several countries that
both improve the status of lahor
and reduce unfair competition with
countries liko the United Stutes that
maintain better working conditions
and shorter hours. The reforms
sought vary in different countries,
of course, according to local conditions,   climate  and  customs.
As a result of tlio activities of the
international   labor    conference    the
reforms  accomplished   in   Japan   and
Persia are briefly as follows:
1 toft urns  in  .Inpaii
In Japan the employment of child
ren under the age of 12 has bcen
prohibited, Children over tho age
of 12 may be admitted to employ
ment if they have finished the
course   in   the   elementary   school.
The employment of children under
the age of 14 on board ship has
heen   prohibited.
Japan has prohibited tho employment of any child or young person
Under IS years of age on board ship,
unloss he is provided with a medical certificate attesting fitness for
Htich work,
Japan as given effect to the
employment convention providing
for tho establishment of freo pub'
lie. employment exchanges and for
reciprocity of treatment for immigrants under unemployment insurance systems.
Japan has also applied the con
vention providing for the abolition
of private fee-charging agencies for
finding employment for seamen and
the substitution ot public employment  oillces.
.lapan lias adhered to the Berne
convention nf- 19011 prohibiting tho
uso of while phosphorus in the man
ufactuve of matches,
Legislation embodying goneral
principles I'or Uie protection of
women before and after childbirth
has   also   been   passed.
An aft providing that thc night
work of women an young persons
should bo absolutely prohibited
three years from the date of the
enforcement of the act has been
Reforms in Persia
The Persian government has not
yet taken any legislative action in
accordance with the decisions of the
international labor conference. It
has, however, given evidence of Its
interest in the desirability of improving  industrial   conditions.
According to the evidence of the
British consular authorities, children of tender years wore being employed for an excessive number of
hours in workshops under sanitary
conditions of thc most appalling kind.
As a result of thc intervention of
the international labor offlce, the
Persian government ordered the
Kerman local authorities to enforce
the following among other rules:
(a) Eight-hour day.
(b) Prohibition of employment
of children under 10.
(c) Permission to workers to leave
factory at mid-day for rest.
(d) Provision of healthy sits and
pure air for factories.
(e) Provision of suitable seats
for women and children to work in
normal  positions.
These measures have been confirmed, and is some reBpects extended,
by a decree dated 17 December, 1923,
promulgated by the governor of the
province of Kerman in accordance
with the decision of the Persion
government. The nen* decree provides for a maximum working day
of 8 hours, a minimum age of em
ployent of 8 years for hoys and
10 for girts, the prohibition of underground or damp workshops, the
monthly sanitary Inspection of
workshops, etc.
The above will be the subjeot of the address to be given by
Mrs. Rose Henderson
At the Royal Theatre
Tlie subject is a timely one, and with such an able speaker,
this meeting promises to be one of the most interesting yet.
The following Sunday it is anticipated that the Univen-'
sity students, who are to uphold "Socialism" with Malcolm
MacDonald, at thc debate in November, will bc the speakers.
It is expected that an interesting half-hour will be spent
dealing with questions following their addresses.
"R.U.R."Drama of
Exceptional Merit
"Science and the Changing Order'
The above will be the general subject of Dr. Curry's course of illustra^
ted lectures this senson, commencing
this evening. They will be held in
the C. P. hall, 666 Homer street, Frl
day evening, at 8 p.m. Questions and
discussion.   All interested are invited,
Milk-men Quit Work at 4 p.m.
Any member of Seattle Milk Wagon Drivers' union, No. 66, seen delivering milk after 4 p.m. will be
fined or otherwise punished by the
union, beginning November 1, John
H. Jepsen, announced this week.
A new and fair division of the
goods and rights of this world should
be the main object of those who conduct human affairs.—De Tocquevllle,
Tou have learnt something. That
always feels at firat as if you had lost
something.—Bernard Shaw.
[Uy Rose Henderson]
U. U.", a modern drama of ex*
ceiJlioiKtl merit, has just finished its presentation at the "little then-
lie." Those taking part are to bs
commended on their success, and to
lie encouraged to present it again,
while thoso who failed to see it missed seeing one of the most remarkable dramas of the age.
Art, in overy age, has reflected to
n great degree the mental, economic
and moral conditions of its time.
Greek drama concerned itself mostly
with romance, tlie tragedy of thc S'.ml,
the relationship of man to God. The
modern drama concerns itself largely
with the relationship of man to man,
num 'to his environment, his job, his
home, his nation, the tragedy of life
hero and now, rather than the life
Greek art was founded on the slavery of the masses. Wbo can entimnte
the genius crushed and wasted under
tliis system of servitude—a condition
which eventually destroyed Greek
culture and tlie civilization of Us
The art * of the future, ibe beginning of which can be seen emerging
today, will have less to do wilh the
emotional, imaginative, Fantastic and
more with tho realistic in life. It Id
will not stress less the crucifixion uf
Christ, nor tbe beauty of the Madonna and child, but will stress tho crucifixion of mankind and the fingefly
ot the Madonna- of the factor.' and of
i!ie piUm life ht   ■:.
Instead of artists occupying their
time and genius portraying Impossible angels and saints with golden
harps, and glorifying emperors In
roynl toggery and process! .mi, am'-ni-
ic, idle womon and lave s.c:t swains,
the enrnage of the banfield und the
slavery of man, they will give the
traclier, the rente!' the .wjmnu—the
home-builder—the weaver -ind peace
mal.r, flrst place The :iV'.*!atS and
poets in the future will be real statesmen perceiving, as they do, truth in
advance of the multitudes.   '
In every age they have stood on
the hill top of vision and warned the
people groping in the valley below of
the impending change. And now, ns
in the past, they are witli us, but
none with a grenter warning or a
clearer message than Karel Capek, in
his drama, "Rostums Universal Robots," ("robot" the Zchecko Slovn-
kian for "worker"). The piny pic<
tures vividly, where Industrial efflei
enoy, machine production, greed for
profits,  and  power to enslave large
Students Express the Hope That
It Is the Beginning of
Many Hore
lilefore a full house at the Royal
theatre on Sunday evening there was
staged a debate between members of
the student body of the University o>
British Columbia and two members of
the Federated Labor party. The resolution debated was as follows: "Resolved —That this meeting go on record as being In favor of the immediate
Inception of the practical form of
Both sides were given an excellent
hearing and the audience was not
reluctant ln expressing its apprecia.
tion of the excellent work of the students, though the majority of those
present were In disagreement with
their arguments.
Representatives of the Federated
Labor party expressed the hope that
the students would see their way
clear to join them again in similar
debates throughout the winter: and
that this one would be but the forerunner of many others to follow. The
students expressed their appreciation
of this opportunity and assured tho
party that \hat they would be only
too glad to avail themselves of similar opportunities In the future.
The representatives of the students
were Murray Hunter and Gordon Telford.
'masses will lead, if the proflt system
is not controlled.
It foreshadows industrial serfdom, a system rapidly rising in Eu-
ope, which, if successful, will give
a new lease of life to forces responsible for the reeent slaughter and
present-world chaos.
The message is so clear that even
the most superficial thinker could
hardly fail to see its warning, or to
realize that so successfully has the
ruling power manipulated the machinery of home, state, press, pulpit nnd
school, that robots are being manu
factum! by the thousands. Tbe heroine, Helena, of this revolutionary
drama, a modern "upllfter," visits the
factory, hoping to improve the lot
aud bring a ray or sunshine Into the
lives of the robots. She finds to her
horror they never smile, have no
voto, or nerves, and suggests to the
Holman, psychologist-in-chlef, that
they might be allowed to vote, lo
whicli be sarcastically replied: "Perhaps they are even to receive wages."
Helena; "Of course thoy are." Hel-
man: "Fancy that now. And what
would lliey do with their wagei;.
pray?" Helena: "They would buy
what tbey need; what pleases them."
"Holman: "That would be very nice,
Miss Glori; only there's nothing tbat
please the robots. Why, hang it
all, nobody has ever yet seen a robot
smile." Helena: "Why don't you
make them happy?" Helman: "Th;!
wouldn't do, Miss Glorl. They ar
only robots."
An old story, told in a new way.
How often have the owning clai
ladies of "culture." and the press,
told us that "what If the workers receive higher wages" and "shorter
hours," they would spend it in
"drink," and their leisure hours in
"debasing pleasures." Happln
pleasure for tbe children of the
masses, never! It would lead them to
degenerate  ways.
Do we not know of "ladies" on the
hoards of various instituions violently
opposing dancing and the intermingling of the sexes on the ground that
it would lead to too much "familiar
ity," If not to "immorality," while at
the same time permitting and
couraglng these natural pleasures of
youth for their own children? Happiness is not for the mnsses. "Thnt
wouldn't do." They "are only robots."
The scientist tells Helena, they are
making "pain nerves" for the robots,
and asked why, he replies, "for Industrial reasons." Sometimes a robot
does dnmnge to himself; ho puts his
hnnd into the machinery, breaks his
fingers, smnshes his head; we must
provide him with "pain nerves." Thnt
Is, "an automutic protection ngainst
damage." "Will they be happier
when they feel pnin?" asks Helena.
"On the contrary," replies the scientist, "but they will be moro perfect
from n technical point of view." Profits, they object, not human welfare!
Dr. Gall: "You see it's because the
robots are being manufactured. There
Is an oversupply of labor, so people
are becoming superfluous — unnecessary ho to Bpeak. Man is really a
survival, but that he should die out
after a pahry 30 years of competition;
that's the awful part of lt. You
might almost think that nature was
offended nt the mnnufacture of the
robots! Helena asks: "What is tp
become of the race?" Dr. Gall replies: "Nothing whatever can be
done?" stating that "all the universities in the world nre clamoring for
an advance In production to raise the
man power of their armies!" Do
these same "human" college professors, ministers of the gospel, ownera
of government nnd industries, not
clamor in like manner to working-
class "mothers of today." A revolution, however, breaks out amongst
the robots. War has taught them
many lessons. The management decides to make a new supply of robots
—but on a different plan.
There are "robots" and "humans."
After thirty years of robot manufacture, a war breaks out, millions of
robots are kilted and damaged. The
human birthrate ceases (humans representing the ruling class). Great
consternation ensues amongst the
(Continued on page 4)
Great Gathering tit East Burnaby
to Hear J. S. Woodsworth,
LaborM. P.
Labor Party and Next Municipal
Election—Big..Dance Closes     ■
Enjoyable Evening
[By Our Own' Correspondent]
pDMONDS, Oct 28.~On Friday lust I
there was a great gathering In the.
St, Alban's hall. 'Alhough It was e
wet, stormy night, the hail was filled,
a largo number of men having k
f.tand. Oomrade ffrai.iK TIrowne A!
L. A., wus . hairni*..i,, and the !ii'H
speaker whs Comrade .1. S. Woods
v.'.r-ii. M. P Mi Svo-'dsworth had _
h-i:i\ i cceptior. and : eult at length
wirt' h'-' t.xpeVie.i'^s at Ottnwa. lie
explained bow the' set.ate was used
by the government In power to throw
out bills which thoy did not want to
be made law. The British North America act came in for a severe criticism; and M-\ Woodsworth sa'.d ihut
this act was cut of date and should
ho put on tho scrap heap. The speaker
explained how tbe farmer group had
split, and the real progressives had
joined up with the two labor n on in
parliament in making an effort to get
good measures before the government. Mr. Woodsworth held our. the
hope ihat In the future the farmers
candidates would line UP with labor,
Several questions were asked the
speaker,  and  answered  satisfactorily.
Comrade Harrington was the next
speaker. He opened his remarioj r.y
stating that what Mr. Woodsworth
had pointed out was what he had
bcen telling the people for a number
of years, namely, that the men they
had returned to parliament had boon
unable to do anything of value for
the people; and thai it was up to the
people themselves t0 bring about a
change of our economic system. Mr.
Harrington told how the present British prime minister and Philip 8now;-
den, 2f> years ago, often spoke i.o audiences in London and Glasgow of
not more than a dozen to two dozen
listeners, and often spoke at the risk
of being mobbed; ami described the
change that had taken place. It was
late when Ctfmrffdi* Harrington took
tho floor, and he was loudly cheered
when attempting to out his remarks
.short and urged lo continue.
A  young lady  (we must aoploglze
for not getting the names of the
ists), sang and the audience Insisted
on an  encore, the same being com-
plied with hy ;in excellent comic song
Refreshments were provided, and a
dance closed a most enjoyable even
Federated Labor Party Pamphlets
■TVIE Federated Labor Party of British Columbia has com-
■*- menccd the publication of pamphlets dealing with matters pertaining to labor, cither directly or indirectly.
It is hoped that the party will be able, in the near future,
to have pamphlets issued dealing with such matters as "Unemployment," "Education and the Labor Movement,"
"Banking and Credit," "Taxation," "International Relationships," and othor kindred subjects.
The two following pamphlets are just off the press:
Startling Disclosures on Child Immigration
Prico 5 cents
(By Mrs. Rose Henderson)
Price 10 cents
Enquire of your Federationist agent locally.    If he has
no copies, then write directly to the Federated Labor Party
of British Columbia, 524 Birks Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Things Are Not
What They Seem"
Thirty   dollars were  taken   in   the
collection, and it was announced that
the   labor   party would   be   much   In
evidence   during tho   next   municipal
election,    which was   received    with
Sweeney He-elected
Thomas Sweeney has been re-elect,
ed secretary of tbe Journeymen Tail
ors of America by a referendum vote.
Australia Probing; Causes of Cancer
The Australian federal government
is appropriating $25,000 for research
into the cause of cancer. A commission will be appointed to consider
health legislation and administration.
Mistaken Identity
A class of small boys was asked to
describe the meaning of "soviet." One
small boy wrote—"A word used In
middle-class households to describe
napkins."—B,  B.,  Milnathort.
O. II. U. In Nova Scotln
The One Big Union recently organ
Ized their flrst locul In Nova Scotia
when the miners of Springhil] form
ed the first branch In Plctou county
and elocted provisional officers. There
were nearly 300 miners in attendance.
Potato  Show—Grain,   Vegetable
and Flower Seeds—
Nov. 27-29
B. C. potato show and educational
exhibit of grain, vegetable and flower
seeds, will be held In Manufacturers
building, Granville street, Vancouver,
November 27-29. Admission free;
everybody welcome. Moving pictures
and lectures by prominent speakers.
Entries close Novemher 20th. Por
prize list and programme apply to C.
Tlce, department of agriculture, Victoria, B, C.
Mrs. Rose Henderson will deliver aa address on Thursday, November 6th, Oddfellows' Hall, McKay, Burnaby
Social and Dane*.
change   or   deviate   from   their   fixed
Death can only be described—as
some change in the living matter,
wliich renders it Incapable of acting
in association with the life principle
—when it can no longer respond to
the stimuli of sound, light and beat,
and the vibrations which produce the
sensations of taste and smell, and so
becomes inanimate again.
Light rays from our sun would
seem to be Infinite in their variety,
but the visible rays; that is, the rays
whieh lho life principle conceives in
tbe brain—and generally called light
—are those which concern us most.
Tbis light i*; composed of rays of
varying length which, impinging on
tho bruin, produce the sensation of
ordinary light; but, split up and 1m-
pignhig thereon, singly produce red,
orange, yellow, green, blue and violet
sensations, and thc almost unlimited
intermediate gradations. The red
rays have a longer wave length thun
the violet. Outside of these, at eltl
end, arc rays to which the matter of
our brain does not consciously re
spond—such, for example, as the Ion
get- rays called infra-red, exempli
lied in the "MvireleSH" rays and tbe
shorter rays, ultra-violet, utilized in
tho x-ray apparatus, rays which will
penetrate bodies Impervious tu the
visible light rays.
All Hii.. shows thftt the life principle in association with living matter,
while beatovvlng the unsolvoable mystery  of consciousness  upon   man,   is
but an
IN   t>
h finite
ed  tba
g;   whl
TJAVE YOU ever tried to think what
conditions would exist on the
oarth If life in nil its forms were lo
die away? At tbe first attempt to
imagine such a state of things, we
get the impression that it would bo a
very silent world, without tlie songs
of birds, the cries of animals, the
babbling of men and women, and the
discords of their machinery! Yet, we
imagine an earth sunlit in the day
and dark at night, with the rustle
and the roar of passing air currents;
the booming of the ocean waves on
lonely shores; the babbling of brooks
and the liquid rush of rivers! But
the probability is, if it would exist at
all, that It would be a silent, pitch-
black wilderness, useless, meaningless and void; for it is the life principle which creates all things, animates all things, and gives moaning
to qll things.
This life principle emanates from
the Creator, and is eternal. And,
manifesting itself in the living cells
nf plants and animals, constitutes
tho consciousness and tho presence of
that Creator, and is the essence, the
reality and the governing principle of
all eternal things.
The light and heat waves from our
sun ;ire not in themselves light and
heat, but obtain that significance to
the living organism by reason of the
functioning of this eternal and governing life principle in tlio mysterious matter composing our brain-
The beat waves, whatever they may
ho, pnss through the ether and leave
it cold; the waves of light thrill
through it and leave it dark as the
sound wnves traverse our atmosphere
and  leave It silent.
All "the heat and light waves from
our sun and the countless millions td'
more distant suns, do not affect ll; it
is merely the vehicle of their transmission, unaffected by their passing,
unalterable in its eternal nature.
Those heat waves affect matter by
bestowing upon it similnr vibrations,
which we are conscious of. through
our sense of feeling in the varying
temperatures of the air which presses
on our bodies and in the solid things
we touch.
Heat so affects solid matter, that,
destroying its cohesion, il causes il
to nssuinc the properties of liquid and
gaseous forms; yet heat, light and
sound, »s we know them, are entirely
conceptions of the life principle in
association with the matter of our
brain; and if nil conscious matter
were to depart from the earth, these
conceptions would depart with It ns
the conception of pnin would; so that
they are not realities like the ellier
and tho hent and light waves, and
stand to reality as do the moving pictures on the screens of our theatres.
That the life principle—In association with matter, an unstable substance, does not function in a perfect
way which would bestow an Insight
Into the realities—is proved by the
fact, that a piece of matter, under a
microscope, presents a different picture to the conception given by the
naked eye, nnd, if hy any Instrument
we could magnify It a million times,
it Is doubtful if we should even then
be approaching a conception of its
renl nature.
The life principle also In association with matter, ls limited In 1 bc
range of Its operations. We conceive
sounds only within narrow limits of
space. Objects dwindle to mere
specks within comparatively short
distances; and suns, thousands of
times grenter than our own, become
even with the aid of poworful tele-
dcnpes, as mere pinpoints of light.
The sound waves, which we can
conceive, are limited in their number; and hent waves, above and below certain points, not only aro not
registered hy the brain, but destroy
It, or rather change ItB elements so
completely lhat the life principlo can
longer function therein; but,
though we say tho brain dies, we can
not say the life principle has been How much money do Vancouver
destroyed or changed for the eternal business men lost? yearly through nothings,   like   the   ether,   can   never'employment?
yet   very
and   i-evc
Hon   of
(.nly,   at   best.   In
As   you   are   nwa
have existed who clalni
could see and hear thli
dinary persons could  h>
They have generally
"We, hi our wise, nutoipatic way ol
thinking, have classed them witb the
feeble-minded or :is Impostors. Y■■!,
it is possible, Uie matter of their
brain celts was constituted a Utile
differently from our own. and that
ihe life principle was able to reveal
to them a llltle more of the tiling!,
The thought of invisible life in our
environment is not nn absjrdlty. It
ls a fonslble idea, entirely logical and
understandable, when one has a clear
concjpiian of the perfectly stable und
eternal ether, and or its possibilities
In association with the life principle.
(Continued on page 2)
South Vancouver Labor Party Is
Active—Social and
The South Vancouver Lrftbor party
met on Friday, October 24th, and
well attended, mueh business being
Transacted. The membership are keen
for organization.
Public meeting will be held on Friday, November 7th, in the old school
bouse, close to Twenty-eighth avenue,
on Main street. Speakers: J. Hankin,
Oeo. Hardy, Alex. MacDonald and It.
10.  Rigby,
On Saturday, November 8th, the
Sola! ccommitteo have arranged to
hold a Social Evening in the I, O. O.
F. hall, Thirtieth avenue and Main
street. Everybody is welcome, and a
large gathering is expected to he presont, Community singing and Individual entertainers will be on hand. Refreshments and dancing. Ladles are
kindly requested to bring cakes or
Passed to Prevent Arbitrary Imprisonment by Kings and
Other Tyrants
Candidate* To IV Nominated
The central council of the Canadian
Labor party will be held this (Friday) ovening In the Holden building.
Nominations will be made for municipal candidates.
In Times of Social Disturbance
Famous Act Now and
.Again Suspended
'PHE writ of habeas corpus Is a writ
Issuing from one of the superior
courts commanding the body of a prisoner to be brought before lt. It rests
upon the famous 29th section of the
Magna Charta: "No freeman shall be
taken and imprisoned unless by the
lawful judgment of his peerB or by
the law of the land,"
Arbitrary Imprisonment, though
thus provided against, was, however,
not infrequently practised by the
king's privy council; and, ln 1353, a
statute was passed to prevent this
abuse of the liberty of the subject
which was twice re-enacted ln tho
reign of Edward III. Under the Tudor.?, prisoners when committed by
the council generally, or even by the
special command of the king, were
admitted to ball on their habeas corpus, but thero wore frequent delays
in obtaining the writ. Tho question,
whether a prisoner could be detained
by special command of the king, signified by a warrant of the privy council, without showing cause of imprisonment, was argued out In Darnell's
case, when tho judges, relying upon
an obscure declaration of their predecessors in the 34th of Elizabeth,
decided for the crown. Tlie house of
commons retorted by protesting in
the Petition of Right against the illegal imprisonment of the subject without cause. The arbitrary arrest of
Sir John Eliot and tho olher members of the dissolution of 1629 was an
attempt to evade the Petition of
Right, and was met by the provision
in tho act which abolished thc "star
chamber," that nny person committed hythe council, or by the king's
special command, was to have a writ
of habeas corpus granted to him on
application to the Judges of the
king's bench on common plcn:. without any delay or pretence whatever.
Nevertheless, Lord Clarendon's arbitrary custom (,f imprisoning offenders in distant places revived tho
grievance, and tlie commons, under
Charles II, carried sovorul bills to
proven! tho refusal of the writ of habeas corpus, but they were thrown
oui of the house of lords. In IG7G.
Jcnke's case called fresh attention to
the injustice of protracted imprisonment!
Ai last, in 1079, the famous Habeas
Corpus act was passed. It enacted
thai any judge must grant the writ
of habeas corpus wben applied for,
under penalty of a One, of £500, that
the delay In executing It must not ox-
ccod 2! days; that any olllcer or
keeper neglecting to deliver a copy
of the warrant of commitment, or
shifting the prisoner without cnuse to
another custody, shall he lined £100
nn the ilrst oiTcney and £200 with
dismissal for tbe second.
In times of political and social disturbance the Habeas Corpus act haw
now and again been suspended. It
was suspended nine times between
the revolution and 1745—again during the troubles which followed the
French revolution (1794-1800), after'
which an Act of Ind enmity was passed, as again after the Suspension act
of 1817. In Ireland, it has been suspended no less than six times nlnce
the Union, but since 1848 the government, In times of disaffection, have
had recourse to Coarcfon acts.
The Habeas Corpus act In Ireland
was not passed till 1782. when an act
resembling thai In England was carried through the Irish parliament. It
was suspended In I7!it;, in I soo, 1802
to 1305, 1807 to 1810, 1814. L81I to
1824, 1806 to 1809, and partially by
the Westmenlh act 1871, and by
other coercion nets.
In Scotland the liberty of the suh-
jecl Is guarded by tho Wrongous Imprisonment act of 1701.
Clgni-nuikors   Strike   End*
A  striko of  10,000  cigarmakers at
Tampa,    Florida,    has    been    ended
through conciliation.
Merit CutUMN ut Organize
A  movement has been  launched at
Bremerton, Wash., to organljce tbo
meat cutters under tbe direction of
the union at Seattle.
Apprenticeship IIiiIch for I'rinters
Sydney, New South Wales—Conditions nf apprenticeship In the printing Industry have been determined by
the board of trade. The general period of apprenticeship ls fixed at from
four to six years, with the same hours
of employment as those of Journeymen. The wago rates of all apprentices are subjoct to automatic variations proportionate to adult living
wnge declarations. Tho minimum
rates of wnges for apprentices Ib: In
the ense of apprentices for five and
(ilx years; first yenr, 14.20 per week;
second, $5.40; third, M.60; fourth, $9;
fifth, $11.40; sixth, llfi.20. in the
•base of apprentices for four years, the
rates are; first year, $4.80 per week;
second, $«; third, 18.49; fourth, 111.-
40, ■
FRIDAY October  31,  1924
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatlonist
Biminesn nnd Editorial Qffi.rt>, 112Q Howt, St.
Tho policy of The B.   0. Federation ist Is
cof.trolled by the editorial board o{ tlio Fed-
crat.-il Lubor Pnrty <*f British Columliin.
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Bcribin^  in  a  body,   lGu  par  member  por
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FRIDAY October 31,  1924
NEVER before havo these elections
aroused so much interest as they
have upon this occasion. Although, at
the time of our going to press, all tho
returns were not In, there were sufflclent, it would appear, to warrant the
conclusion that the conservatives will
be the party In power, as well ns in
Labor adherents must not accopt
this defeat seriously. We are gradually working towards our coveted
goal, and, In this election we have
gone a very considerable distance on
our way towards it.
We must remember that the number of labor votes cast really meant
more than the number of labor candidates elected, in estimating any loss,
or gain, in the Interest of the move,
Again, it must not he forgotten that
a great victory has heen won ln that
the liberal party has all hut heen relegated to the limbo of the forgotten
past. The political fight has now, all
hut developed into a straight one betweon the forces of progress on the
one hand, and those of reaction on
the other. From now on the great
mass of the workers, who have, in
the past, been constantly misled by
the presence of the two old parties,
will be brought to realize that a vote
against labor Is a vote against themselves. It will be a ease of voting,
from now on, either for their masters,
or in their own Interests. The lesson
wm not be ao hard to learn for them
in the future. The results of Iheir
voting will be more obvious.
Kler Hardle, over thirty years ago,
foresaw Just what has occurred today.
He told us then that as soon as the
forces of labor presented anything like
a real menace to the two old reactionary parties—liberals and conservatives—they would unite, as they have
commenced to do, In this election.
The workers of Britain are on the
last lap of their flght for their emanel-^
patlon. The social and economic conditions of their land have gotten in
such a deplorable stnte of affairs, under the regime or capitalism, that, but
a few years more will sufflce to prove
to the masses the Inadequacy of our
present system aud the need for the
adoption of the only snnc and humane
system yet devised—of socialism
where eo-operatltin rather than competition will be the rule nf life.
Latest returns: Conservatives, 3HH;
lahor, 149; liberals, 40; other parties,
13; still to hear from, 'id.
THK SAME old sjogaji: "We are
your friends—not, the other, fellows'!" Thc same old-verbiage .und
clap-trHp—self-sntlsCylng platitudes!
Koep us In power; see*'what we havo
done, and let yonr simple trust In us
continue by your Intelligent support;
and  we will  continue to heap  prosperity on you all!
Similar speeches could have been
delivered by a conservative team,
meaning just as much, or little, as
those delivered by the premier and
his faithful henchmen. Figures galore! Billions of dollars were flred
at the audience to be received with
due appreciative cheering. Prosperity is here at our doors, owing principally to tho wonders of the wonderful west—(more cheers)—and when
still more applause was required, apt
references to the doings of the great
old leader, Sir Wilfred Laurier, would
evoke a storm of hurrahs; so on and
so forth and _every body was delighted.
The premier slated that the visit
was not part of a political tour. Oh,
no—only to obtain at flrst hand knowledge of needs of each section of thc
country, and so being bore and having beon thero. a little talk by these
clever Altruistic fellows, of what had
been done for you, would surely be
worth while. -And so—swallow your
medicine or take your soothing syrup
—just as you like to view It.
Now, as to this improved and improving prosperity dwelt on by the
premier, one of the others—of course
they are all the same really—hut this
gentleman calls himself a conservative—the Honorable S. F. Tolmie,
quotes some very striking figures,
which go to show that Canada is
financially in a worse condition than
In 1921; that people were leaving
Canada in greater numbers than
ever; that, from "March 21 to date,
there have heen four persons leaving
to one entering from outside; with
many other interesting criticisms and
The ever-growing thinking portion
of the population know that this bunkum, whether it is pumped out on a
platform or spooned out by the press,
by either side of tbe two big political
parties, Is, in reality, getting us nowhere. It is simply politics all the
time, and social and democratic questions are shelved.
Did any of the speakers tell us the
real truth ahout tlie farmers' condition, especially In the prairie provinces (their farms being mortgaged
to implement makers and banks too,
frequently, a hopeless extent)? Or to
the struggles of store-keepers In ciies
and towns, crushed under taxations
for federal, provincial and municipal
collections, on the top of subtle sweepings by the trusts as wholesalers from
whom they buy thetr commodities?
Was lalior ref ered to? Any word of
tbe eight-hour day? Anything at all
for the Improvement of social conditions? Any word, why our sons
should be driven out, because there
Is lack of opportunity? And still the
governments ask for more immigrants!
Whon the immense natural wealth
of Canada was referred to, was any
suggestion made ns to who were virtually In control of this wealth? Or,
was It stated how many billion feet
of lumber in British Columbia alone
was owned by United States Interests? Was there un apologetic word
about the Home bank, and the rotten
moral effect the failure of our trusted
olllclals lu not doing their duty, is
having, not only here, but In other
parts of the world? What about the
dangers ahead, through the banking
combines which form now such a
gigantic financial trust, that the life
of the whole dominion Is In far more
danger thun the average man cares
to admit?
Oh! you great political ones, serving your masters (the capitalists), If
you are going to down labor ns a
coming power, you have a lot to
learn. That arena stuff is no good,
because duy-by-duy, our good Cann-
dlan brain pots are keenly active, and
men, who are doing and thinking, are
finding you out. Its the same old
cold storage stuff served up every
time, a slight change, perhnps, In the
dressings; but stale. Hat and unprofitable drivel.
memories of facts gathered in school;
quite a good deal of our knowledge
was gained incidentally through literature or observation or conversation
because we were interested or because
we really wanted to know.
As far as literature is concerned:
one can gain truer ideas—say of |
Merrie England under Queen Elizabeth—by reading one of Scott's novels
than from half a dozen history lessons,
when the teacher definitely sets out to
teach those facts (and half the class
fidgets . . . unless she's strict—then
they fidget mentally). One can gain
a fairly accurate geographical atmosphere by rending Guy Boothby's "Doctor Nikola" stories or Foster Fraser's
works, without the miseries    of   geo.
graphy  lessons.     Of  course,    a    boy
alns a fairly clear idea of the causes
of  day and  night and  why  we  have
four seasons instead of one, If he has
to face an examination at the end of
the year, but he gets clearer and more
leasting  ideas  if  he   really  wants to
know.   He should be able to refer to
books and get help from    a    teacher
when he wants to know anything.    •
Circulating libraries will do much
to lesson the torture of reading
school renders" and studying books
In class. Who has not strong recollections of trying to keep "behind"
with tbe class (which is reading one
story), and at the same timo reading
another story at the end of the book?
Children certninly require a little
help when they are reading a book,
but they are wise enough not to let
words, however long they man he, or
anything else, interfere with their interest in the story, which to them. Is
the main thing.
One need not be afraid that children will choose the wrong hooks.
They will make mistakes, but they
will not be so fatal as those of some
teachers who know so iRtle of the
child's nature that they will try to
cram a child with moralizing poetry
instead of letting hfm read "Jack the
Giant Killer." Children must go
through stages similar to those of the
race, and they will develop quite naturally If they are left alone.
Tho eight-year-old boy will surprise
you witli his bloodthirsty talk, whicli
may show lack of imagination . . .
but it is natural. Nothing but cowboys and fights and piracies will
pleuse his twelve-year-old brother.
Philosophy and serious poetry and
nature descriptions are very often not
appreciated until nearer years of discretion than school age. And very
often not even then. A teacher may
rave until she Is hoarse, ahout the lit.
erature she loves and thinks everyone
else should love, but It must be re
membered that children cun't be made
to appreciate anything. Many and
varied books nnd freedom to read
when and what they like will develop nny special tendencies.
Libraries suppllment school education. For children learn far more .by
doing and reading outside of school,
than In school.
Literature Is after all, the best
teacher; it Is better than atl the mor-
atlzlngs, and all the sermons, and all
the lectures ever given; besides the
fact, that lt can impart very definite
knowledge. Moreover, every book is
true, overy Btory Is history, In that It
ls a portrayal of a background or of a
character or of events ... but always of life. And life is the most interesting study In the world.
Peasants' Revolt
Led by Wat Tyler
rV-HF, primary causes of tho revolu-'
tion were what tiie people called
unfair taxation, tyranny and oppression by King Richard the Second and ,
his entourage of professional  leeches.
tiie landlords and landowners of;
thut time, who were then In a position
to treat the people as little better
than common slaves, New taxes wero
being imposed continually and the
landlords were doing tbeir utmost to
force the people to go back to thc
horrible tyranny and oppression from
whicb they had just lately emancipated the nisei ve;',.
This insurrection is more often
known in history as Mat Tyler's Insurrection. Why, no one really
knows; and, of course, our modern
histories and most of the old-time
records of the social system tell us
that Wat Tyler and Ills leaders were
all bad men. Yes, llcrhaps they were
bad men to ever think of rising
against oppression nml tyranny and if
those who call them bad would look
at the conditions of the times they
would readily see wby they were bad
men. The circumstances as a result
of the social condition of the day
forced them to be so-called bud men.
The whole country wus in a state
of great discontent aud excitement on
account of the oppressions which the
people suffered before Wat Tyler appeared on the stage at all. When at
length the outbreak occurred, he
came forward as one of the chief leaders of it; and his associates were the
so-called bad men. These men never
had an opportunity to state their own
story either in respect to themselves
or their commanders.
Still, it Is highly probable that they
were bad men. It is not generally the
amiable , the gentle and the good
that are the flrst to rise, and foremost to take the lead in revolts
against tyrants and oppressors. It Is.
on the other hand, far more commonly the violent, the desperate, and tho
bad that are first goaded on to assume
this terrible responsibility.
The working or laboring people of
England had been held substantially
as slaves by tbe nobles and gentry for
many generations. Tbey had long
submitted to this, hopeless of any
change. But they had gradually become enlightened in respect to their
natural rights; and now, wben the
class Immediately above them were
so grievously oppressed and harassed
by the taxes which were assessed upon them, and still more by the vexatious and extortionate mode tn
which the money was collected, they
all began to make common cause, and,
when the rebellion broke out, they
rose in one mass, freeman and bondmen together.
There was a certain priest named
John Ball, who, before the rebellion
broke out hnd dono much to enlighten
the establishment of circulating
libraries will be received by the school
survey commission. No wiser suggestion hns boen received, though there
Is a wiser one . . . but It would abolish the present system of education
and use the money spent on armaments and civil service pensions and
other thiugs, to establish another
Present-day education Is nn attempt to mold the child's character in
accordance with adult ideas of right
and wrong. But no onc is sure us to
what Is right and what Is wrong. The
education at which we aim will be
freedom to develop along Individual
lines; tlie child will do and learn whnt
he wants and when he wautH. Only
then will facts make any great Impression.
Because we, who are now adults,
had to learn what we didn't want to
learn, but whAt was considered right,
to learn, we have little or nothing to
show for our education—so-called.
We may remember a few French
verbs . . . acquired al a groat mental
(and sometimes physical) cost; wo
may remember that JuIIub Ctesar
landed In Britain in fifi B.C. (or was
It fti B,C,?)i wo may remember that
the equator is un Imaginary lino
drawn round the earth ... but we
remembor other things better. Most
of our indelible    memories   are   not
[Note—As many enquiries reach
this offlce from time to time, the editor will reserve space to deal with
such matters, under thc above heading. Communications addressed to
Notes and Queries Editor" will be
hnndted as quickly as space permits.
ALPHA, (Vancouver): Ruskin
lodge, Oxford, Is a splendid (raining
centre of socialism. Let us hope, here
In Canndn, we may hoou have such a
centre founded. We ure coming on
fine, but need ull the help possible to
put the labor movement over, and
knowledge Is everything.
MKS, B. Y„ (Hastings Park): Perhaps the following covers your query;
Capitalism docs not attempt to organize lftbor to meet humnn needs.
Each capitalist concern works for its
own profit,
ORIENT. t Vancouver): Labor
conditions in China are us bad as you
stfc'gest. Hours of lahor are frequently as much as 14 to 17 per dny, und
the pny wretched, only comparable,
as one ofliciul report says, to those of
the worst paid Inllnn laborers.
A. TAYLOR. (Point Orey): Tho
British liberal party on Mny 22, 1924,
'pussed a resolution In favor of a
treaty with and a loan to Russia; so
they ure utterly inconsistent ln their
later action.
YORKIST: (.ontnue to puss on
your copy of The Federatlonist to
your friend, even wobblers and wav
orers find at Inst thoy huve minds to
muke up und become souls with on
'grown us yet. "She is only a child." '
The tax gatherer then said ho would
soon find out whether she was a
woman or not, and went to her to take
hold of her, offering her rudeness and
violence of tlie woitst possible character. The poor girl screamed and
struggled to get away from him. Her
mother ran to the door, and made a
great outcry, calling for help. Wat, i
hearing the cries, seized a heavy
club and ran for his home. As soon
as he entered the house, he demanded of the officer, who had now left
his daughter and enme forward to
meet him, what he meant by conducting himself In so outrageous a manner in his house. The officer replied
defiantly, and advanced toward Wat
to strike him. Wat parried Hie blow
and then being roused to perfect
frenzy by tho insult which his daughter had received and the insolence of
the taxgatherer, he brought his club
down on the taxguther's head With
sucli a blow as to break bis scull and
kill him on tho spot. Tho blow wns
so violent that the man's brains were
scattered about the floor.
The news of this occurrence spread
like wildfire through the town. The
people all took "Wat Tyler's part, and
they began to assemble. It seems that
a great many of them hud hud their
daughters maltreated in the same
way by the tax gatherers, but had not
dared to resist or to complain. They
now, however, flocked around the
house of Wat. Tyler and jiromlsed to
stand by him to the end. They proposed to march to London, and in a
body appeal to the king to redress
their wrongs.    This they did.
The king met them at Blackheath
and Greenwich on the Thames river,
In a barge surrounded by his nobles
and officers. He did not land among
them but spoke from the barge, un
action which only stirred the people
more. Then they started to move on
to London, the authorities lifted the
drawbridge, which for a time halted
the advance, but the people found
sympathizers inside the gates of the
city who, being oppressed by tyranny
as well, gladly came forward and thc
result was that the rebels, as they
were cnlled,  gained admittance.
Considerable damage was dono to
private property, supposedly owned by
the nobles, etc., but nothing was
taken away, one man tried to hide a
silver cup but was detected In the
act, and his comrades threw him, cup
and all into one of the blazing fires.
"We are here," said they, "In the
cause of truth und righteousness, to
execute judgement upon a criminal,
and not to become thieves nnd robbers
The insurgents felt a special animosity against lawyers, whom they
considered mercenary instruments In
ises and decrees which he had granted
to appease tho people, who, seeing
their leader dead, became confused
and started to UVeale away with the
result that In a short time the so-
called insurrection was at un end.
After this the king sent commissions
into tlie towns and villages wliich had
been implicated in the rebellion, and
caused great numbers of persons to
be tried and condemned to death.
Many thousands were thus executed.
When the rebellion was thus quelled, things returned for a time into
substantially thc same condition as
before, and yet the bondage of the
people was never afterwards so abject and hopeless ns it had boen. A
considerable general Improvement
was the result. Indeed, such outbreaks as this against oppression are
like the earthquakes of South America, which, though they cause for the
time great terror, and often much
destruction, still have the effect to
raise the genoral level of lho land, and
leave it for ever afterwards in a
better condition than before.
The cause of these rebels, moreover, badly as thoy managed It, 'was
a just cause; and it Is to precisely
such conclusive struggles as these,
that havo been made from time to
time by the working people of England In the course of their history,
that their descendants, both of Britain and America, nre indebted for tho
personal rights and liberties whtch
they now enjoy.
the people as to their rlghta, and had,'he hnn^ ot,the 'l^or oppressing
■ *•■*..*..    .       .......    __    ___,. [them.   They hung   all    thc   lawyers
that they could get Into their hnnds,
und ufter burning the Savoy they
went to the Temple, which was a
spacious edifice containing the courts,
the chambers of the barristers, and a
vast atore of ancient legal records.
They burnt and destroyed the whole.
After all thiB rioting and disturbing of the peace of the rich, the king
agreed a second time to meet the
people. This time near Smithtleld.
The king was attended by only a fow
this time and Wat Tyler, who went
out to meet them, was drawn Into an
argument and was set upon by the
king's attendants and killed.
The king recalled his many prom-
Tlu>  Best   for  tlie  People
Lahijr believed that nothing but
the best was good enough for thc
people, and In matters liko education
the puth of the seeker after knowledge should be open from the elementary school to the university. Labor put foreign policies ilrst. Why?
Becauso of tho awful results of war.
A pcacoful Europe wus sessentiul,—■
10. W. Hampton.
Let the thing wo do he whut it will,
It Ih the principlo upon which we do
It that must recommend It,—Thomas
a Kempls.
attempted to Induce them to
redress ut first ln a peaceful manner.
He used to muke speeches to the people in the market place, representing
to them the hardships which they endured by the oppressions of the nobility, and urging them to combine together to petition the king for a redress of their grievances.
The example of Ball was followed
by many other persons; and, as always
happens In such cases, the excitement
among the people and the eagerness
to hear, brought out a great many
spectators, whose only object was to
see who could awaken the resentment
and anger of their audiences ln the
highest degree, and produce the
greatest possible excitement. These
orators, having begun with condemning the extravagant wealth, the
haughty pretentions, and cruel oppression of the nobles, and contrasting them with the extreme misery
and want of tho laboring people,
whom they held aB slaves, proceeded
at length to denounce all Inequalities
In human condition, and to demnnd
that all things be held In common.
There has always been a great Inequality in the conditions, and a great
difference In the employments of
men; but this fuct awakens no dissatisfaction or discontent when those
who have the lower stations of life to
fill are treated as they ought to be
treated. If they enjoy personal liberty, and are paid the fair wages
which they earn by their labor, and
are treated with kindness nnd consideration hy those whose duties nre of
a higher und more Intellectual character, they ure almost without exception happy and satisfied. It Is only
when they ure urged and driven hnrd
and long by unfeeling oppression
thnt they are aroused to rebellion
against the order of the social state.
The whole country for fifty miles
about London was in a very sullen and
angry mood, ready for an outbreak
the moment that any Incident should
occur to put the excitement In motion.
What happened at Wat Tyler's house
was sufficient to start it and In a short
time the whole country was moving
toward London.
It seems that a personal tax had
been lovied by the government, the
amount of which varied with the age
of the Individual assessed. Children
paid ho much. Young men and
women paid more. The line between
these two classes was never clearly
defined, or, rather, the tnx-gatherers
had no means of determining the ages
of the young people In a family, If
they suspocted parents had reported
them wrong. In such cases they
were often very Insolent and rude,
and a great many quarrels took place
hy whtch the people wore often very
mueh Incensed. Tho tax gatherer
came ono day Into Wat Tyler's house
to cbllect the tax. Wat himself was
away, .engaged at work tiling a house
near by. Tho only persons that woro
at home were his wife and a. young
daughter Just growing to womanhood.
The tux gntherer said thut the girl
was full grown, arid that they must
pay the higher tax for hor. Hor
mother suid, "No" an sho wns not full
Sidelights on a Great
"Things Are Not
What They Seem"
(Continued from page 1)
Autor-'jUc thought Is a great obsta
cle to advancement, and, indeed, has
been Wbtilled into us with thut very
end In view—to keep us inert aid
contented in the state of slavery.
But, surely, the one ambition
which should animate the heart of
ench worker of the world, should he
to combine his forces Into a solid, irresistible phalanx; and, taking bacl<
the stolen earth, establish a logical
and moral social system. In which he
would enjoy the necessary leisure to
seek true knowledge and true happiness.
He should regard It as .a sacred
thifv he iwey not only to his children
and tho generations of children to
follow, but also io his misguided tnd
unhappy fellowmen who now rule
him and who. blindly, Ignornntly and
fetishiy, are engaged In the mad lusk
of piling up heap upon heap of useless dollars which, with few exceptions, can supply only lhe things
which degrade their wretched bodies,
deaden still more their feeble minds
and ruin their Immortal souls.
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Closes at 6 p.m.
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Freneli nude, racauet, cinder, Oriental pearl or gunmetal at $2.50.
—DrymlnlG'B Hosiery Shop,
  First Floor
Phono Seymour 3540
Phono Soymour 2364
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-409 MttrapnUtu Building
837 Button Bt W. VAHOOUVEB, B. 0.
T«l-P-o_-_. Seymoar 8866 tnd 6867
Soolul order without liberty makes
of man only a product; liberty makes
him the citizen of a better world.—
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A COMPLETE concensus ot the business men of British Columbia, out.
side of the lumber Industry, see In
the Timber Royalties Act of 1914 a
very serious obstacle Indeed to the in'
dustrial  progress of the Province.
Important trude organizations all
ovor B. C. have gone on record as de
mantling the removal of the Impediments ln the Act to the free expansion ot our trade and commerce.
It Is agreed that when conditions
seem favorable, as they now do, for
a trnde revival It ls peculiarly unfortunate that the presence on our statute book of this out-of-date piece of
experimental legislation should threaten to paralyze the chief purchasing
power of the province.
Apart from being an all-round hindrance to Improved business conditions thc present Timber Royalties Act
has many Inherent defects that justify Its umendment.
1. It is a pre-war instrument which
ls not applicable to a. post-war economic situation. In common with many
other 1914 measures it has no Justification for existence In the vastly different conditions of today.
2, It Is founded on an absolutely unsound economic basis. Royalty ts essentially a levy on a raw material.
The present Act taxes wages, equipment and every factor entering into
thc cost of producing and distributing
thc manufactured product. There ls
no precedent for a measure of this
The B. C. Lumber Industry Is due
for a revival with resultant good bus.
Inems all round. But the Royalty Act
|*of 1!IH effectively bars the way.
This series  or  art Met*  communicated   hy ' Iho   Tlmltcr   Industries
(.ouncil of British Columbia.
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Organic Evolution
[By  Charles   Hill-Tout,  P.   R.  S.   C,
F. R. A. I„ etc.]
(All  rights  reserved)
TN the last article  we saw how impossible It was to attempt to draw
any hard and fust lines in the life-
realm between plants   and    animals;
that    the    Protophyta    or    primitive
plants led insonsibly Into the Protozoa
or primitive animals.
In this and the succeeding article
we are to take up briefly tho study of
these latter and show that just as the
Protophyta merged by progressive
differentiation into the Metaphyta, so
in like manner did the Protozoa
mergo into and become the Metazoa.
Simple and seemingly structureless
as most of the Protozoa appear to be,
there is, notwithstanding, a wide
range of differentiation among them.
Becnuse of this, it is customary to
divide them into four subdivisions or
classes; and wo ent not do better, in
this brief consideration of them, than
follow the same plan. Indeed, such
a plan is peculiarly suited to our inquiry since it is based upon an ascending order of organization in
these life-forms, the flrst class showing the least differentiation and the
last the most.
Clnss I.—This is known by the descriptive term, "Sarcodina," also
sometimes called "Rhlzopoda."
The creatures comprising this
class are In their lowest forma
Uttle specks of naked protoplasm,
devoid of any external membrane
limiting cuticle; that is to
say they belong to the umcebiform
organisms and aro best represented
by that common and well-known
species Amceba proteus.
In these simple organisms we may
see animal-life in the lowliest forms
known to us to-day. Amooba proteus
exists us a microscopic bit of slightly
differentiated "sftrcodo" Or bioplasm.
It moves about and seizes the tiny
particles of food It subsists upon by
means of llnger-Ilke processes, called
"pseudopodla," or "false-feet." These
locomotive and grasping organs are
merely temporary prolongations oi
arotruslons of somo part of the "sar-
code" or body-substance. In form
und genernl outline It is never constant, but is perpetually undergoing
changes, according to its activity.
When at rest It usually takes a spherical form. Hence the name by which
it was first known, proteus animalcule, that is the "shape-changing"
little animal.
ft has no organs in the usual sense
of this word, not even a primitive
mouth. It takes in its food by en
gulling it at any pnrt oi' the surface
of its soft, flesh-like body; the aperture by which it Is taken in appearing at the point of contnet, and closing Up Immediately after tho engulf-
ment, becoming again continuous
with the surrounding parts; somewhat after the manner of a bog or
It would be difficult to imagine
anything ln the form of an animal
more simple In structure than a typical amceba. For this reason it has
always had a speciul interest for the
evolutionist; because he believes he
sees In It, or perhaps it would be
more correct to say, ln an eaiieir and
still more simple form of It, the remote ancestor of all the higher animals, past and present, including
even himself; that between some such
amceba-IIke organism and man there
stretches a long line of connecting
forms, some of which still exist, and
others of which have long since perished and passed away.
Be this as it may, it Is certainly
an indisputable fact that we may see
a general, progressive advance in organization, and an increasing com"
plexity of structure as we pass from
these simple amceboid forms to the
higher and more specialized Protozoans. This will manifest itself as we
Class II.—This is distinguished
from the other divisions by the term
Mastigophora which literally means
"whip-bearing" animals. In thla
group are included all the Flagellate
protozoa; that is, thoso animalcttla In
which the organs of locomotion und
food capture, or at any rate, as they
appear in the mature or adult forms,
are slender whip-like filaments.- Like
'the pseudopodla in thc Sarcodina
class, those flagella serve primarily
for locomotion and secondarily for
capturing food. They are usually
situated at the extremities of the
body, and most commonly at the posterior end. Occasionally In some
species they are found at both ends.
When situated at the posterior end,
they are known as "pulsella," becauae
their movements propel the creature
along. When found at the anterior
end they are called "tractella," because their action in this case druws
the body along.
Commonly each protozoan possesses only one of these appendages;
but among certain forms two or even
more flagella are found.
Among these Mastigophora thc
family of the Euglenldffi is one of
the morft Interesting on account of
the wide variation its genera have
undergone; and becauae of the distinctive vegetative pHnsos they pass
through In the course of their life-
cycle. Like the genus Volvox they
are Intermediate, ambiguous organisms, being at one time largely plant-
like and at anothor largely uniinnl-
llka. In aome genera they are free-
swlmmlng forms, In others sedentary; in one they are naked, without
any enveloping membrane at all, In
another they ure loricate, that is en-
f gether in extensive colonies more or
less closely held together
To the svolutionist they are chiefly
interesting* beca'use of the vegetative
or plant-like phases they go through
in one period of their life-cycle, und
because they are among those primitive life-forms that possess "eye-
spots," the lowliest stags In the evolution of the organ of sight. In this
class we also flnd that interesting
interlinking group known as the
Mastlgamcebn, to which reference
was mndo in the last article; which
combine, us thoir name implies, in
the same Individual the organs characteristic of both the Sarcodina and
the Mastigophora.
Clasa III.—This group is distinguished from the othars by the descriptive term Sporozon. They are a parasitic kind of Protozoa found only as
parasites in other organisms. They
are, in the adult condition, wholly
without definite organs of locomotion
or ingestion of food; but whsn young
they possess flagella.
This signlflcant fact makes it quite
clear that the members of this group
of Protozoa have become highly-differentiated from an earlier ancestral
form, and that they are obviously derived from a flagellate stock. They
propagate themselves, as their name
Implies, by seedlike bodies or sphores
containing one or more minute germs
called  "sporozoites."
In this method of reproduction the>
exhibit plant-life habits and afford us
another excellent illustration of the
far-reaching relationship between the
two divisions of the life-realm.
Class IV.—This group Is known by
the term "Infusoria." They represent the highest and most advanced
types of the Protozoa. They are also
true animals having lost all the
plant-like qualities of the less differentiated groups. They comprise all
these Protozoa in which the organs of
locomotion and food-capture are
known ns "cilia."
. These cilia arc small vibratlle filaments of the same nature as the
"flagella" of the Mastigophora, but
are distinguished from them by a
difference in their mode of movement
and by their smaller size. In tho
most primitive forms thoy cover the
body of the animal in whole or in part
like a flue fur. These cilia are present throughout life in tho most characteristic group of the Infusoria
known collectively ns the Clllata. In
another sub-class they uro present
only In the Immature stage of tho
organism, disappearing altogether in
the adult period. These latter aro
termed Acineturla or Suctorial Infu
soriu, and are particularly interesting to the evolutionist becauso of the
modification they undergo, as they
approach maturity, to fit them for
the mode of life they have adopted.
In their mature state they are noii-
locomotlvo or sedentary organlama.
They begin their life as free-swimming unfmalcula; but in a short time
their bodies undergo radical changes,
becoming fixed and stalked. In this
condition they develop radiating, retractile tentacles which have at
their extremities disk-like suckers
through which they imbibe their nutriment, these taking the place of the
primitive mouth in the Cilfatu.
The radical differences seen in the
earlier and later phases of the life-
cycle of these Suctorial forms, are
very Illuminating. They afford us
another excellent illustration of the
biogenetic law. Viewed in their
adult stage they show little relation
to the Ciliate Infusoria and we might
never suspect their relationship to, or
line of descent through this group,
if we did not know their full life-
history. It is our lack of knowledge
of the life-cycle of so many of the
lower organisms that makes it difficult for us at times to point out their
genetic relationships. As our knowledge in this direction increases we
shall be able to bridge many of the
gaps that now seem to divide forms
which may renlly be as closely related to each other as the divergent
forma of the dilate and tho Suctorial Infusoria are.
This brief consideration of the four
classes of the Protozoa gives but the
faintest Idea of the Immense variety
of forms found among them today, or
of the wide range of modification
they have clearly undergone.
Relatively simple in structure as
they mostly are when compared with
the compound Metazoa, their long
life-history and the changing conditions of their environment down the
ages, with their adaptive response
thereto, have wrought the widest
possible differentiation among them.
And yet throughout all the modifications they hnve passed through, and
In spito of. their almost infinite variety of form, It Is impossible to entertain any doubt about the fundamen
tal relationships which unite them
into a genetically connected phylum
or sub-kingdom.
Thus no one can fall to see how
close Is the relation between the Sarcodina and the Mastigophora on the
one hand, and between these latter
and the Sporozoa on tho other; or
between the two sharply-marked subclasses of the Infusforlu, the Ciliatn
and the Suctorla; or uguin between
the Ciliated and the Flagellated Protozoa. Nor can they refuse to admit
a progi'esalve advance in organization from the simple omrelioid Sarcodina to the relatively highly-differentiated Infusoria. Bach of the four
clnsses of tho Protozoa is full of evidence of this kind. Wo huve seen
how the ordors Clllata .and Suctorla
In the Infusoria clnss nre,linked together by the common possession of
"cilia" in the larval state of tho latter;  and    similnr    links    ure    found
closed In a shell or othor hnrd cover-j uniting the orders and fnmillos and
Ing; hero they lead single unicellular gonern In the other clnsses. In the
lives, and there they congregate.to-1 Sarcodina,   for  example,   tho   widest
difference in organization exists between amceba proteus and the relatively complex Foraminfera, Radio-
laria and Heliozoa or "sun animal-
culu," with their corticnte bodies of
definite spherical form and stiff, radiating pseudopodla. Yet, the Intermediate forma between these divergent
ordera, being all marked by the possession of some kind of pseudopodla,
tho characteristic feature of this
class, plainly show their common relationship and the genetic descent by
modification of the more advanced
orders from the less advanced ones.
The link connecting the Mastigophora with the Sarcodina is just as
plainly seen. Some of the former,
euch for example aa Pseudospora,
have to pass through an amoeboid
phase in their life-history before they
reach the flagellate phase characteristic of their class.
Indeed, the distinction between tho
two clnsses lies largely in the use we
give to the term "adult."
The typical, distinguishing feature
of the Mastigophora are their organs
of locomotion, their flagella; hut
these organB are aa lacking in many
speciea of their young forms us they
ure in the typical Sarcodina themselves; and at this stage of development they might very well be classed
with the Sarcodina.
In the case of the genus Mastlga-
mceba, the members of which exhibit both pseudopodla and a flagellum
at. the same time, they could be
placed with equal propriety in either
clasa. In the light of these facts there
seems no escape from the conclusion
that the flagellate Mastigophora are
derived by modification from an
amceboid ancestor; and the evolutionist could ask for no better evidence of the presence of an evolutionary process in nature than is
found here. It ia not an isolated instance either; numerous other examples of a like kind are found
among the Proltozoa. The link between the Mastigophora and the
Sporozoa is juat as plainly seen by
the presence of flagella in the youthful phase of the latter class. Their
descent* by modification from a flagellate ancesftor is as obvious from
this phase of their life-history as is
the descent of the Mastigophora from
an amoeboid ancestor.
In the same way it may be shown
that the highly-specialized Infusoria
are closely linked by structural characters nnd by transitional forms to
the  Mastigophorn.
We, are not, however, because of
theso facts, driven to postulate the
direct descent of one class from another, though, If we exclude the
Sporozoa, a very strong case of progressive descent could easily be made
out; and, indeed, this Is the view
commonly taken by naturalists.
There is, however, an alternative
view we may tuke IT this one does not
satisfy us. Instead of regarding the
more highly-organized classes as de
rived by modification directly from
the less highly-organized ones,
may regard them all as having
sprung separately from a common
ancestor; and explain the differences
found among them today as the result of divergent evolution.
This is in full harmony with what
we have learned from our studies of
other kindred groups..of life-forma.
It is the way, for example, ln which
we explain the remarkable affinities
between ourselves and the anthropoid apes; between the tapir and the
horse; the pig and the elephant, and
other distantly-related forms. It is a
point of view also which best explains the affinities we flnd among
the various divisions of the Protophy.
ta, the Bacteria, the Fungi and the
Under either view we may regard
the Sporozoa as standing—as do the
Fungi in the plant-world—fn a group
by themselves, whether derived directly from the Maatogophora or from
a common ancestor. Like the Fungi
they have loft the main current of
life and drifted into side-eddies and
back-waters of their own, and havo
played little or no part in the great
drama of life. The life-realm furnishes us with mnny instances of this
kind of evolutionary arrestment.
The parasitic mode of life may make
the struggle for existence easier; for
an organism, but such freedom
from struggle is bought at great cost,
It almost invariably leads to arrestment of progress and loss of growth;
and this to retrogression or degeneration.
It mattors not greatly from the evolutionary standpoint which of trfese
two views we may take concerning
the phylogeny or ancestral history of
the Protosoa; whether, under the
many forms they exhibit to-day, they
are derived through one more or loss
direct line of descent, nr through sev.
eral divergent lines; the many connecting links between them, and the
essentia] unity and homogeneity
which underlies their present diversity of form and structure, leave no
room for doubt ln our minds that they
are all descended directly or indirectly-
from a single source or common ancestor,
What kind of an organism was thfs
common ancestor it may be naked?
Was it amoeboid In character like the
Sarcodina, or was It flagellated like
the Mastigophora? And which Is the
earlier form, the amoeboid or the flag,
ellate? Can we tell which appeared
From what has been snld about fhe
simplicity of the lower amceboid
Protozoa this question mny seem easy
to answer, But naturalists arc by no
means agreed upon the mntter; nor Is
It as simple a question ns might at
flrst upiH'iir. There nre certnin
features ln the life-history of some
of the lower organisms thnt somewhat complicate It. We saw In our
consideration of the Buc'torln that
they nro regarded by many naturalists as among the simplest
of Hfe-forms on the globe today, because amongst olher things
they are lacking In a definite nucleus,
their chromatin being scattered more
or   less   throughout   their   coil-sub*
stunce,. This unnucleated condition
of the chromatin is regarded by blo.
loglsts generally as a sign of primi-
tiveness, Yet in spite.of this primi:
tive characteristic a> bacterium possesses an enveloping membrane and a
flagellate organ of locomotion; both,
features which are supposed to characterize organisms much more advanced than Amceba proteus. Nor is
this all. Amoeba proteus is a naked
animal wholly lacking a containing,
enveloping membrane, and a flagellum
or definite organ of locomotion; but
yet at the same time possesses a distinct nucleus. And to make matters
worse some specimens of the Sarcodina group possess in the youthful
phases of their existence true flagellate organs of locomotion. How
are these seemingly conflicting facts
to be reconciled? How are we to decide which Is the more primitive, the
naked, unflagellated but nucleated
amoeboid form, or tho unnucleated
but protected, flagellated form?
When the question has been considered In all its bearings, however,
very little doubt, we think, can re.
main as to which of these two forms
Is the most primitive, or as to tho
general characters of that ancestral
form from which the Protozoa as a
whole are conceived to have sprung.
No one can examine such an organ-
Ism as Amoeba proteus and doubt that
Its general organization is far simpler that that of the lowest flagellate
form, its nucleated condition notwithstanding. Functionally considered flagella are clearly much more
specialized organs, whether used for
locomotion or food-capture, than are
pseudopodla; and this fact alone
seems to make the conclusion Irresistible that amceboid forms of life pre-
coded flagellate forms; and that the
common ancestor df the Protozoa was
an, amceba-like creature that moved
about and captured Its food by means
of some form of pseudopodla which
early in the life-history of some of its
descendents underwent modification
and became permanent organs such
as now characterlstize the bacteria,
the flagellate plants, and the flagellate
We are strengthened in this view
by the fact that the more highly-organized "ciliate" forms are clearly
a further ndvance along the same
evolutionary lines, ciliate organs being
more specialized thun flagellate organs. In the same way the radiating
retractile tentacles ol the Suctorla are
further modifications and more specialized organs than the cilia.
With respect to the appearance of
flagella in some of the young of the
Sarcodina which afterwards disappear
In the adult forms, their place being
taken by the simpler pseudopodla,
we can explain these by frankly regarding them as cases of atavism or
reversion to an older type. This does
not necessarily conflict with what haB
just been said respecting the most
primitive ancestral characters of the
earliest Protozoa, but merely implies
that the ancestors of some of the present amceboid forms wore among those
which early acquired flagella nnd
then later reverted to the more primitive pseudopodla again, probably in
response to Important changes in
their environment.
It Is uot ut all uncommon for the
yotingof species to inherit and retain
for awhile secondarily acquired characters losing them gradually as they
mature nnd take-on the characters of
their more immediate ancestors.
As was just now stated, when the
life-history of the Protozoa is com-
sldered ns a whole no room Is left for
doubt in our minds about the genetic relationships and the progressive
advance ln organization to be found
among these forms. There is no
necessity to further emphasize the
fact. Our consideration of the sev.
eral classes into which Protozoa may
be divided must have made this
abundantly clear.
In the noxt article we will direct
our attention to :;ome of the colonizing forms of Protozoa and mark how
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52-Piece <t 1 1 C    -"-Piece
Sets    M>1 IO    Sets !	
Sold by the piece or in sets.
From the smallest tea cup and saucer priced at $1,75 to the
largest fern dish at $15.00 our assortment Is most complete.
(_, meoRMiMTEO :.Wi" ohm i*to     f ***»
Timely Topics
Winston Churchill expects people
to vote against socialism ln order to
bring them out the dark. Just like
Winston. Socialism never put them
in the dark. On the contrary, they
have to thank liberalism and conservatism for the hopeless muddle. Socialism has nover had a chance, for
you can't practise socialism under
• •      *
The head of a big motor factory ln
the Midlands, England, predicts a
turn of tiie tido In the motor car
businoss. This will, no doubt, cheer
the unemployed mechanic. , . until
tho mnd rate of production and the
exorbitant domand for dividends "lay
them off" again.
• «      *
So it is not the communists who
are guilty of rowyism in the British
Insensibly these associations of individual cells merge Into and become the
compound       tissue-forming      bodies
characteristic of the Metazoa.
(To be continued)
election campaigning. Bands of irresponsible youths nre responsible. One
hasn't to look very Tar to see what la
responsible for their conduct. Unemployment, for one thing, which is
demoralizing In the extreme; pure
"joy of life" which can find no outlet olher than hooliganism; the failure of education In inculcating a contempt for everything known as education; the lack of the right kind of
*      »      •
A Washington, D.C, press despatch
states that the campaign to make
thnt cily a model for the home life
of the nation through proper adjust
ment of housing und rout situation
will bo carried to every state ln the
country. The Tenant's leagut, a
woman's national organization, will
figlit high rents and tho landlord
Mysterious Stranger
"Seen any mysterious strangers
around here lately?" casually enquired the detective fro mthe city.
"Waal," answered Uncle Eben,
the circus last week what took a
"there was a feller over to town with
pair o* rabbits out o' my whiskers."
Fresh Cnl flowers, Funeral Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plums,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds. Bulbs, Flortots' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Huting. Stnet Eut        2—STORES—2        au OranvUle Straet
Sey. l8S-(7_ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" 8ej. Mlt-lltl
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
Book Seller and Stationer
'F.H'1-jh  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver. «.c
...October 31,  183X
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Wbist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
; Settlers from U, S. Now Negligible—Dominion Land Office
at Omaha Closed
Alter twenty-flve years the dom-
Inion government has recently closed
its government land olllce nt Amaha,
Nebraska. A few years ago western
Canada wus a drawing card to American farmers and ranchers, but American immigration into Canada is now
so  negligible that  tbe  Canadian gov.
hment has closed a number of its
ia ml offices which it maintained in
western States. In its twenty-eight
years of life tbe Omaha office sent
nearly fifty thousand American sett-
k'i*s across the line. It ia said these
settlers look with thom more than
fty million dollars In cash, household goods, ami live stock,—Western
Story Magazine.
The labor movement must be a
living movement, prepared to develop, to evolve new Ideas, and to accommodate itself to new ideas. It
cannot    live    upon    metaphors    and
high-sounding phrases. It must be
practical, and be prepared to advance
us rapidly as public opinion—the de
slre.s of the workers—will allow it.—•
E. G. Theodore.
Canadian PacificRaili^M
Leaves Daily at 8.45 a.m.
From Canadian Pacific Station
Stopping at all principal points on routo
Carries atandard coach, tourist car, standard
sloopsrs, dinar and compartment
observation car.
Up-to-Date Service
Leaves Daily at 9 p.m.
A Through Train to Montreal
Making all important stops, and carries
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Minneapolis & St. Paul
In addition to first-class coach, tourist cor.
standard sleepers, diner and compartment
observation car.
Fer all Information and reservations apply at TICKET OFFICES:
Vancouver Depot, Hotel Vincouver or 434 Hastings W.
The labor movement aims at placing government and Industry In the
hands of men who will administer
tbe one nnd operate the other solely
in the interests of the workers. There
will he no room for any other class
than workers under socialism.
All true men are soldiers in the
same army, to do battle against the
same enemy—the empire of darkness
and   wrong.—Carlyle.
SEALED TENDERS ndd it-sued to tlio undersigned will bo tacetved by the Council
uj> to 8 o'clock ii.in. nf Tuesday, November
11, pi'ox., for Greeting n firo linli on Lots 88
und 86. Blnck 20. D. L. 2027 (88th and Carnarvon), mid Installing plumbing, heating
and electrical work for riuug.
1'liins, specifications nnd forms of lender
may be obtained on application lo Messrs.
Sharp & Thompson, Architects, **)2(i Pondor
Street Went. Vancouver. B. C, on payment
of lho sum of $25, wliich will be returnod if
n bona fide lender Is received.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten (10)
por cent, of the amount tendered muni ne-
compnny each lender us security Hint* tbe
tenderer will, if culled upon, enter into a
contract nnd provido n required bond for tbe
performance of the work.
OailVttflsllig members of Ibe Council for tilts
business will be held to be u disqualification.
.   any  tender  not   neeessnrily
1 Hall, 5861  West  Umilevnrd.
iver,  IJ.  C. Oct. 28,   1021.
Your Income
Depends on Your Eyes
Don't forget that the dollars
you earn are in a great measure dependent on your eyesight. Be sure Your Eyes Aro
Uight. It is the Only Safe
and Sensible* Way. This is our
business and our only business.
Upstairs,  over Woolworth's Storo
Chiropractor, Too Dunsmuir Mt.: 10 till 0.
«7Bs. EvgB. by appi.: Sundays, ll till 4.
Have You SeenO
The Demonstration •
If you are interested in increased pay rolls right here in Vancouver
and throughout British Columbia, you should not fail to visit this
demonstration of the B. C. VALVE COMPANY, held at 70 Hastings
Street West, and open until 10 o'clock every evening for your convenience.   The new $75,000 Plant and Foundry is
Now Being Erected
and will be thoroughly modern, electrically equipped, and fireproof.
This building will be completed within three months, and production of our patented Valves and Water Taps will start immediately,
for which the company already holds sufficient orders to render
enormous profits assured. The foundry will be capable of handling
bronze castings of the highest standard, suoh as have necessarily
hitherto been imported, and by so doing, will enable allied industries to start operations in this Province immediately. Orders for
bronze castings are also on hand in great quantities, and from every
standpoint an
Early and Large Production is Assured
_. 0. Industries Financed
by B. 0. Finns Promote
B. 0. Pay Bolls and Make
B. C. Prosperous.
Seldom if ever has any new industry been started with such a
bright outlook for its immediate future, or in the hands of such
competent and experienced men.
Clip and Mail This Coupon At Once—It
places you under no obligation whatever
510 Hasting* Street Weat
[Dept P]
Without placing me under any obligation, kindly forward
freo descriptive literature and Information regarding your new
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatloniat, and
no reaponaibility for the vlewe expressed is accepted by the management,]
514 Standard Bank Building
510 Hastings Street West
Vancouver, B, O.
1*Im«ii.h: Seymour 6105 and Seymour -12RU
He Wednesday HalMiohlny
Editor B. c. FederationiBt: Can
anyone enlighten me pn this subject?
lathe weekly half holiday a provincial
or a city bylaw.' If I remember rightly, Mrs, Smith, (luring: the last provincial election, said in her pamphlet
thnt one of the reasons why wc
should vote I'or the liberals was in
order that they might be able to sec
to it that our half-holiday should not
be clone away wilh. Now, It seems,
according to Mayor Owen, that the
olty council can nnd will abolish tho
half-holiday if a majority of storekeepers desire it. And we nil know
that some of thc storekeepers have
been working inwards that end for
mon'ilis, or years past. Wc have had
the hall'-holiday for so long now that
everybody has krot used to the shop
ping hours; ond I cannot sec why we
should all have to tnlce ihis backward
had given him were too hard to obey.
That is, he could not keep them and
have his own way as well. Even
Moses, who was given the emphatic
command not to kill, did not obey.
Thus it went on until Christ took
upon him the flesh and did obey every
thing, even under great provocation,
such as being struck and spit upon,
and abused in many ways, yet had
complete control or dominion over
himself, thus establishing "the fact,"
that he was "a man.'" Of those who
crucified him, he said "father love,
forgive them." Now the very first
thing that is required to prove manhood, Is tbat he do some useful productive work in order to provide his
own maintenance. Jesus said by their
fruits we shall know them, and by
their words and actions they shall be
justified or condemned Matthew xli;
37. Neither can a man be a soldier,
becnuse as soon as he lakes tlie
"king's shilling," ho becomes a prospective murderer, and, after training,
so that he be proficient In the killing
game, he is taken to the front. Then
if he kills some one, he becomes a
murderer in reality, Of course, he
will not be brought to trial, as that
would give away the whole capitalist
game. And when the soldiers realizo
tbis fact, that they cannot be men
and also murderers, there will be one
of the greatest strikes known in history.     Tho   general   publlo   can  help
"R.U.R. Drama of
Exceptional Merit
(Continued from page 1)
step,   and   return   to  the   long  hours.
again.   Anyone who has had to stand j ""in to realize very quickly, especial-
on  their feet I'
10   o'clock   at
to i>:30 niight, knows what it
means; and others more fortunate
who have not had that experience,
ought still to bc nblo to Imagine how
very tiring those old-time Saturdays
used to be. The break in the week
has been a great boon to the workers, enabling them to have some recreation, and a share of the blue sky
and sunshine. It will certainly be a
big step backwards If we have to return to a long Wednesday, and a
longer  Saturday.
Fellow   wdrkers,   keep   your   eyes
opon to what is going on.
(Miss)   fi.  L.   THOMPSON.
Vancouver, B. C. Oct. 25, 1924.
War ami lis llcmcdy
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: This Is
an answer to a letter in The Federationist of September 26, 11124, by I,.
Ij. Dickinson, written just as "this
professor sees it," without fear or
favor, and only with a regard for
"the truth." This professor only Is
responsible for what- he writes and
Having by chance got the reading
of   the   paper  containing  the  abovo;
and it being such an important sub
ject    from    a    working-class    view,
would like to write a few words, "not
in criticism" to Mr, Dickinson, but to
try and show the only method that
occurs to  me,  by which to stop all
wars in  future.    It  is quite plain to
any one who has studied the matter
deeply  that war  is  the  only safety
valve,   whereby   n    capitalist   ruling
class can  retain 'iheir  power to rub'
and rob.   Now, please get this right:
"Just as long as the ruling class can
hire yahoo members of tbe working
class,  just   so  long can   thoy slay in
the    saddle."      it    matters    nothing'
about the price or wages 'ihey hnve
to  pay their millions or  murderers,
because where 'the job is done they!
add a few cyphers to the end of the
national debt and the game goes merrily   on.     Of   course,   care   must   be
■alien to add the cyphers to the tall
end of It, because thoy will not draw
Interest If put In front, not wishing to
have any controversy with. Comrade
Dickinson    re    tbe    Infallible    book,
must point  out be is in accord with
teh   teachings of  Christ.    And  very
truly,  as  he snys,  the   principles   of
Christ were not put  in  practice,  not
only so but those  who are supposed
to bo teaching or preaching the gospel of Christ, since the beginning of
"the groat war" have set up in their
places of worship a "roll of honor,"
giving  honor to  those  who  died   for
the   benefit  of  capitalist  class   rule,
members   of The   working  class  wbo
went overseas with  the avowed  purpose   of   slaying   their   fellows,   how
can this kind of action be reconciled
with the gospel of Christ which was
altogether "peace and love."    Tbls is
the abomination of desolation spoken
of   by   Daniel   the   prophet,   and   referred to by our master In Matt. XXlV:
lfi, also Matt, xiil-xiv, as standing in
the   holy   plnco.     Now.   ye   workers,
thei* is no question but that ye are
tho authors of ypur own troubles, be
cause  all   ye  need  to   do  Is  to  obey
Christ's command to love one nnother.
There will then be no army and navy
to uphold a ruling class.   Take away
the^r only prop, and they will run like
hares,    Then   will  David's  prophesy
come to pass.    See Psalm xxxvll:  11,
and   which  Christ  also  repeated   ln
Matt, v:  5.    The meek shall Inherit
the enrth—"those who will not go to
war." Cnn any of you smart chaps
explain  how a capitalist class could
exist  without  their army and  navy
murderers?   If so, let's hear it.   Also
where can thoy get these? Onty from
the   working   people.     The   remedy
should be plain; jUHt keep away from
the guns nnd other tools of destruction.    The   tools   will   do   no  harm
without some yahoo gets using them,
Begarding the Infallible book, let any
one who cares to look up Isaiah xlvlll:
16 to 19, and flnd what is said about
obeying   the   commands.     This   has
bcen the trouble all the way down
through  history;   unbelief and  disobedience, for how could one love his
neighbor and be trying to shoot him,
or   cut   his  neck?     In   my   humble
opinion there Is only one wny out,
which Is by the workers gaining the
knowledge   of   what   constitutes   "a
man."   Now read John xlx: fi, where
Pilate held trial on Christ, and could
flnd no fault ln him.    Therefore, he
said,   "behold  the  man."     Now,  as
Christ said he was  "the life,"   (
John  xlv:   6)   he  Is  therefore   "tho
father" or llfe-glver; and, because of
this fact, every male has the desire
to be called a "man;" will call ye all
to witness that from your early boy
hood ye had the desire to be known
ond callod a man; every female also
has the wish to he called a woman.
And these two titles nre so Important
that Huch others as king and queen
are Insignificant.    "Please lot me try
to explain" In Genesis 1:  27 and 28
mnn Is created and given dominion
over the earth—"hla body"  and all
the fowl, cattle and creeping things.
He was created in the Image and likeness of Ood—which means love; was
given some commands which he did
not obey, nnd, therefore, lost domln
lon over himself and fell in his own
estimation, to think  he was a pro
duct of the    ground    Just    like the
beasts, and that these commands love
ly the women folk, "just shun them"
till they loarn to be true men. Head
Joel il: 20, telling of where tho army
is going to become a stink In decent
people's nostrils. Also Ezokiel vil:
14, we road a lot in labor trouble,
such as calling each other scabs. It
seems to me a person who is doing
useful work cannot be a scat., no matter what the pay—even were it dono
for nothing. If you want to find tht
senb outllt, look . little lower. The.1
are all dressed in the masters' uni
form, and are being trained to shoo'
or club, oven their own brothers and
childron Into subjection to the boss
or proflt system. By reason of this
wo have conditions which are very
well described in Hosea iv: A man
cannot be a thief, a liar, or blasphemer, or adulterer, because he could
not hold any other title only man. So
you see, only those who will obey, and
be in the image and likeness of Christ
or love, tbo father. They only have
a right to the title "man." He said,
be ye perfect, even as your father in
heaven is perfect, And It is to the
knowledge tit these facts that the
working class "must come," before
thoy are competent to live under a
system of justice, which Is shortly tn
be established. Bead Ephesians iv:
13. Because it was the knowing these
facts thai gave Jesus the ability to
overcome all the lusts of the flesh,
and bo cnlled "the man." For further
proof of the Importance nf this title,
see isiali iv: I: also chapter xiii: 12;
also xxxll: _!; also Mark villi 37, what
will a man give in exchange for "his
soul," "his consciousness of being a
man?" Soe also Revelation xtii: is—
bote, is wisdom: Bet him that hath
understanding count the numbor nl'
the heast, for ii Is the number of a
man, nnd his number is six hundred
and three score and six, or GGO, will
explain as It hns been revealed to me.
This number must represent both the
boast and tho man. Now the beast
Is this materialist system, the snme
one portrayed by Daniel vil: I!' to
ond, The simplicity of this hides it,
but whon understood It is beautiful.
Start at one end, you get fiCfi; start
at otber end It Is the same; start in
the middle nnd quit al both ends, its
tlte same; start at both ends and
come to centre the same 666. Now
tills system is tho same in every nation on earth at tills time, and one
must have the medium of exchange
In vogue In order to be able to buy or
sell. And this (Ills the conception of
tin- h,';,si. Nnw, "tbe man" must be
tho samo. a man every minute, of
overy hour, of every day, of every
yenr; and man was created In tho
Image 'if find, which is Inv; and
Christ was God, love, tbe father, and
lie said I n m the way, "lhat is, love is
tho way." If there had been any
other way. ho would sure have told
us of it, a word to the wise Is plenty.
Lovo one another, or in other words,
help ono nnother.      J. ROBERTSON.
humans. Dr. Gall (head of the phy
siologlcal department) discusses thc
situation  with  Helena.
From now onwards tho manager
of the factory tells Helena, there
won't bc universal robots. "We will
start a factory in every state and
every country and each factory will
produce robots of a different color, i
different language. They'll bo com
plete foreigners to each other. They'll
never be able to understand one an
other. Then we'll egg them on i
little in the same direction, you see
The result will be thut for ages to
come, one robot will hate any other
robot of a different factory mark. Ex
actly the psychology which todaj
sends men to flght, burn and slay
men of other nationalities, with
whom they have had no quarrel, and
whose language they do not even understand.
But thc robots Anally rise In revolt,
capture tbe factory and kill their
makers. Helena again comos to the
rescue. The scientist-hi-chlef flrtds a
new Ingredient, yields to Helen's persuasion and Introduces it into their
make up. Hitherto the robots, although they had the outward appearance of sex, were sexless. Thoy now
discover the power of love. Eve finds
her Adam, and, released from the
burden of capitalism, go out tooge-
ther to build a new world. Robots
aro everywhere, but it takes a capek
to paint the picture.
There Is the "robot" view of life—
those who believe the world always
was thus and always will remain so!
Master and slave idea. * Thero are
robots in the pulpit. Editors and
professors in their chairs, who, when
the dispossessed masses show any
signs of discontent, declare they are
being "stirred up by ngitators," paid
by a "foreign government." Robots
who regard the workors ns being on
a different level from themselves and
Would like to keep them more machines, tools of the workshop, to
maintain theh' mechanistic social
structure, but tho human machines
of modern industry nre restless, bc
coming dangerous. The vital spark
Is at work and will not be quenched
until a greater measure of justice
prevails. Robots ure to be found in
the textile mills and motor works,
shoe factories, in every field and
workshop—old men alongside young
boys, grandmothers beside maidens—
doing lhe same work day by day,
mind dormant, soul crushed and with
a hopeless content, more terrifying
•than the naming Indignation of the
rebel.' Childron who never laugh,
men and maidens having nil tbe zest
nnd sparkle nl' life ground out of
them by the deadly monotony of their
occupation. The years roll hy, the
seasons come and go, hut neither the
A now lot of G. W. G. Union
Label Mackinaw Coats, belted model, at $8.76.
Boys' Shoes—Of the*better
Bell's Shoes for men, in Dr.
Reed's Cushion Soles, and
Dr. Special.
Men's Shirts—In Flannel, at
Men's Work Shirts, from
W. B. Brummitt
18-20 Oordova St. West
Next Week at tho orpin-urn
Four acts share the headline honors on the bill of vaudeville which
opens at the Orpheum Thursday, November G. Miss Martha Hedman, lhe
talented Swedish star, Is supported
by a clever company in "You Can't
Beat Them," a comedy in one act by
Edwin Burke. Walter C. Kelly, "Tho
Virginia Judge," Ib a monologlst. In
Canada he Is probably Cnnnda's foremost monologlst. Henry Bergman
and company present a comedy
sketch, which is making a decided
hit all over the circuit. Benny Rubin, with May Usher and a company
of Broadway players, explains "How
It Happoned." The medley of steps,
offered by Fred Babb, Lois Syrell and
Iris Lorraine, Ib a cleverly arranged
assortment of dances. The trio are
described as ultra steppers. "Fun in
a Restaurant" Is the title of an net
presented by fche Ptckfords, while
hard on the restaurant It Is very
amusing to the audience. McDonald
and Oakes are aristocratic steppers,
and popular favorites wherever they
appear. The usual attractive pictures
and the Orpheum theatre orchestra
make up the bill.	
Lewis Pianos
JUST arrived, a special shipment ul
niamUcent now Lewis Plane".
These instruments are heavily built,
of Ilrst grade materials, and poiaeia >
rich, resonant tone that will ntwy
the most critical musician.
Lewis' up-to-date methods of merchandising his goods enables him to
offer in the Lewis Piano value that
cannot be duplicated elsewhere for
less than 1500.00.
Oak, Walnut and Mahogany with
Duet Bench to match.
On Baar Twni        Without loUrtrt
Free Tuning     I'm DilltMJ
I/owM Ii-adnt   Follow Who CmI
glorious   freshness   of   spring's   fl
greeting,   nor  the   blazing   color   of}
autumn's farewell huve any message j
for millions of human machine robots   of  today.     "RostrumB,   universal
robots," if anything, have an advantage over tho modern industrial robot.
There are  no  unemployed  robots,
no casual labor robots, no rickety
cripled robots, no robot    slums  /and ■
Hweat shops to spread disease, no jails j
or work houses. When they show
signs of unfitness or become "dangerous lo the socioty" of the "humans,
they are sent 'to Ihe stamping mill,
aort of lethal chamber, but no invention  of  man  can  outwit  the  lows
naturo   and     evolution—slavery
man by man finally ends.
The modern robot can lenrn tv
lessons from this remarkable play
the first being thai eventually thi
robots acquired senso enough
unite natlonaly and internationally a.
capitalists are doing to-day; and
secondly, that all the lime tlieir email
eipation rested within themselves.'
This is one of the best of the mode
dramas nnd sounds a note as
where modern society Is leading.
Predicts Five-Hour Bay
A live-hour day in tlie millding industry was predicted b.v .lames Hat:
ne.ss, former governor nf Verm nut',
now president of tlie American_ engineering council which position wa
formerly held  by Herbert  Hoover.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor. 712 Robson*
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
Thli advertisement la not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or
by the Government of British Columbia
Price from 25c Up
Brockton Point Light-house, Vancouver, B. C.
Phone, Seymour 2051
Lectures on Our Modern Drama
JT will be recognized by many students of socialprogress today that there has been unfortunately a failure, on the
part of our loaders and teachers, to utilize the wonderful
lessons that have bcen given to human kind by our modern
writers of drama and poetry as they ought.
Mrs. Rose Henderson, a speaker of international repute,
and a keen student of our modern poetry and drama, is
giving a series of at least three lectures on "The Social Interpretation of the Modern Drama." The particulars arc
as follows:
Nov. 12th—Maeterlinck's Drama: "The Blue Bird, or
Man'i Bight to Bappinew."
Nov. 26th—Ibien'i Drama: "Little Byols, or the Bight
of the Ohild To Be Well Born."
Deo. 10th—An Iriih Drama: "Kathleen Mi-Houlihan, or
an Appeal to Beaton."	
The above lectures will be delivered in the Theosophical
hall, 337 Hastings Street West. Music will be provided.
Pi'occcds fOr educational purposes. Tickets, three for |1,
or 35 cents each.


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