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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 31, 1919

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Array "iVuf"
'■%   l
$2.00 PER YEAR I
Perjury Is Charged Against EMPLOYERS ARE 10 IDA DANCE Barnard Defeated in Victoria
[Witnesses in Russian Cases SIPPING FOR    FOR DEFENSE Election by Political Trickery
Grave Charges of Irregularities Are Frankly Admitted by Capt
W. H. R. Moore, Returning Officer—Congestion at the PoHg
Causes Large Numbers to Lose Their Opportunity of Voting-
Election Act Impossible—Returning Officer Predicted a Muddle        /
Stiff Fight Is to Be Put Up oi
ments to Immigration Act^H
Started by Mr. Rubinowitz—Ot
By Mr. H. I. Bird, Acting for \
i certain Bussians in the city are, so
.far as tbo immigration officials aro
| concerned,   eonclnded.   Ur.   H.   I.
| Bird, of Bird Macdonald k Co., who
has been-acting for tho local defence committee, has, however, ap-
i pealed to the ministry of the interior
on several cases, and haa received
word that Korbiarty will not be deported, and that he must report
regularly to the police. Other casos
are still being considered by tho
tainister. The men who have been
ordered deported are to be taken to
Vernon. Barney Both and A, Dou-
lasoff,* secret service agents working
in conjunction with the Boyal
North West Mounted Felice, nnd
who have been the principal witnesses against tho Bussians, havo
been chargod with perjury. Both
surrendered to tho police, and wob
released on remand for one week on
his own recognizances. Dourasoff
surrendered and was -'leased later
•n the eame terms as Both.
Mr. Bublnowlts, who haa had
charge cf the defense ef several of
tho arrested Bussians, has instituted
habeas corpus proceedings in the
cases for Sharer Butaess, Oeorge
East Is Now Going Strong
—Enthusiasm Among
Edmonton Progressing—
Alberta to Have O.B.U.
Paper for Miners
Vast is ne word for thc speed
nith which the workors of Canada
and elsewhere are flocking into the
0. B. U. Far more activity is taking place than we. are able te report,
Organisers and secretaries secu to
be so busy in tho various cities that
they have no time to report tho
activities. We piek np a little information hore and there and it is
passed onto you.
Edmonton Doing Strong
Edmonton has done so well during the past few weeks that a Centred Labor Couneil has been organised. Besides the three railway
nnits composed of Machinists, Carmen and Blacksmiths, and their
helpers, there is a miners' unit, loggers ' unit, and a miscellaneous unit,
out of which will be organised the
transport' unit, construction unit
and othors. The men employed en
tho Edmonton, Duavegan and B. C.
Bailway have' also gene O. B. U.,
and the Machinist local at Bommer-
ville, Alta., is being tenderly nursed
by an international officer. An international officer is also on the job
in Edmonton .trying to dope up the
Plumbers and Steamfitters' local and
save it fer tho A. F. of L. The Edmonton Carpenters are also expected
to affiliate with the new Central
Labor Council.
New 0. B. V. Paper
' Calgary is booming for tbe
0. B. II. and a papor will soon be
in the Held for the purpose of tilling thc needs of the 0. B. U. Coal
Miners units. The name ef the
paper is The Searchlight, Box IMS,
Calgary. B. J. Johns reports tho
miners' units In splendid condition.
Eight locals were organised last
week. One of these locals has issued
300 cards and has sent In for 100
moro. All the best and strongest
labor men have gone over te the
O. B. U. , •
. On the Dcf snslve
The conservative labor clement in
the eastern states are en the defensive. Big meetings have been hold
in St. Catherines, Brantford, Windsor, London, Sarnia, Stratford,
(Continued on Pago 8)
Funds Needed to Meet
Cost of Defense o£
Labor Men
The trial of tho labor men nrreit*
ed in Winnipeg bh a roiult of the
genernl strike, and who are charged
with seditious conspiracy, will com*
menco next Tuesday. Everything
that can bo done to see that the
men have a fair trial hns boen done
by tho dofenso committeo. Tho following counsel will represent tho defense: J. E. Bird, W. W. Lefeaux,
Vancouver; Bobert Cassidy, K. C,
Victoria; T. J. Murray, W. -M. No-
Wo and E. J. McMurray of Winnipeg. The cost of thc defense1 is ex-
fiected to reach several hundred dol*
mh por day, and funds are needed
to meet this expense. Donations can
be sent to J. Law, Boom 1 McLean
Block, Winnipeg, Man., or to A. S.
Wells, 40fi Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B. C. Every dollar that is
in hand and many more will be
needed, so Bend along your subscriptions. This is a workers' fight and
thero is no one else to pay for it.
Aliens' Rights Under Amend-
.iis Corpus Proceedings Are
h Cases Are Being Appealed
^ Local Defense Committee
Deportation   proceedings   agoinatfSheekoff and Boris   Zukaoff,
have been ordered deported.
/ From the papers filed by the counsel for the defense in court, it is
disclosed that habeas corpus proceedings aro boing instituted to at-
tack the deelsion of the board on
the grounds that no opportunity was
given the accused to offer evidence
Workers Unit of tho 0. B. U., and
at the business meoting of that unit,
held over there on Friday last, eight
new members wero signed up.
Begular business meetings aro
now being hold over there on the
4th Friday in every month, and at
the next business nieeting that will
be held over there on Friday, Oct.
28, it is the intention of tho members to discuss the question of wages
and its relation to the high eost of
living. Tho meeting will bo held at
the Orange Hall, and will commence
at 8 p.m. All.members who reside
or work in that district, should make
it a point to be preient, aa the discussion is sure to be interesting.
Fellow worker 0. A. Nygroh reported having collected $35.50 from
memben out there for the defence
fund,'and this amount has been forwarded on to the defence committeo
ln Winnipeg. If all members would
show the same degree of enthusiasm
at Bro. Nygren, this old world would
soon be a paradise for the workers
to dwell upon.
At tho next business meeting of
the New Westminster branch, which
will be held on Thursday, November
Oth, at 8 p.m., in the Labor Hall,
Now Weatminster, it ii expected that
a htrge number of membera wlU be
present. If the. membera in. New
Woat minster would only wake up
and ihow a little of the enthusiasm
displayed by their follow workers in
Port—Moody, thero is no reason
why that branch should not become
the most important labor body in
that district, aa outside of tho mills,
there are practically no Industries of
any importance. Some one remarked
that when tbe workers in New Westminster wake up tho heavens will
fall. It ia to be hoped then that
they will soon wake up, as this old
world is surely in need of a piece of
In the Vancouver district, the
good, old stand-bys, former active
mombers of Local 020, International
Union of Steam Engineers, are always to be found at tho business
meetinga, whieh are held every Monday evening, also a number of the
active mombers of the former Mill-
taen's Union. .Tho membors who reside in this district should make it
a practice to attend more regularly
at the business meetings, and get acquainted with the business of run-
ning a union, and become educated
to a knowledge for decent working
conditions, as there is plenty of room
in the Labor movement for active
workers who lire desirous of assisting in making this a better world to
live in.
whof of innocence on tho charges made
against them by witnesses, such as
hold-ups and other serious crimes,
upon which charges, it is said, the
board really based thoir decision.
In doing this the tribunal, it is contended, took upon itself a jurisdiction which properly belonged to a
higher court only; also upon the
material question at issue, that of
the accused being members of an illegal organization, the dofence was
denied the right of submitting evidence.
According to an amendment to
the Immigration Act, passed by Parliament last June, following the
Winnipeg strike, aliens aro debarred
from taking proceedings in the civil
court to either doubt or quash the
verdict rendered by the immigration
tribunal who have previously determined the case. This will likely
be a point for much legal argument.
The amendments to the Immigration Act provide against any judgo
oven reviewing tho decision of the
board.  The matter is being watched
workers, as under the amendments
mentioned, no man who was not
born in Canada is safo from arrest
under them.
Engineers Unit Is Still
Making Splendid
Practically   all   the   white   mill
tM.nne.nmn        nt-       T)nmk        ktnnA.r       nnn       -nnn.  .  VltUS-,        HIV   HlUHCr   18   UUimf    WIUCIHJU
workers  at 1'ort  Moody  are  nowi   ... ,,    _._    . ,      Pi,     .v.
■nembers of the Engines and Mill Z±^°»*°   __*__X_*
Greatest Struggle in the
History of United
Tko stage is set fer wbat many
officials assert will be the greatest
industrial struggle in United States
"The strike of bituminous minors
is inevitable." This is the terse
summary ef the mino leaders following yesterday's oonvention.
"Blame the coal barons for vkat
occurs," wis their parting shot as
tbey left the conference fer tkeir
Tho striko order goes into effect,
unless a last-minute postponement
occurs, at midnight on Friday.
The governor of Colorado an-
" nouneos the state national guard will
be mobilised for the protection of
the public and property as soon as
the strike occurs.
The Cabinet is meeting in extraordinary session and is said to have
perfected means for nullifying much
of the suffering likely to be caused.
Maximum price for ooal may be
fixed by the President, and the railroad administration may control all
eoal in transit.
The miners are demanding a six-
hour day, five-day woek, and a-big
increase in wages. This is the first
national coal striko over called in
tho Unitod States, and will bc a
fight to a finish. The miners will
oppose any incrcaso in coal pricos
if granted their demands, It is
possible tho striko will follow its
British analogy und dovelop into a
demand for nationalization of tho
Union stevedores of San TVancis*
co will not handle supplies, arms
end munition shipments consigned
to tho Allies in Siberia "for the
overthrow of the Soviet Oovernment," it was announced by the
Biggers' and Stevedores' Union.
Sunday Meetings of the
S. P. of C. Are Well
The winter evenings are now on
us, and thc Empress Theatre meetings of the Socialist Party Of Canada on Sunday evenings aro better
attended than ever, a record crowd
being on hand last Sunday to hear
Oeorge Armstrong. On Sunday Jack
Harrington will be the speaker, aiid
a full houso is oxpected, and those
desiring a seat should bo ou hand
early. Doors open at 7:30. Moeting
commences at 8 p.m. Comrade
Harrington has not, ehosen any
definite subject as yet, but he is suro
to speak oa the age-long problem,
the working class position.
Resolution Is Presented at
Convention Calling for
Industrial Unionism
Signs of discontent with the A. F.
of L. form of organization were not
wanting at the Illinois Stato Federation of Labor convention.held last
week. Following the failure of the
industrial conference to arrive at au
agreement on the question of collective bargaining, the following wire
was ordered sent to the A. F. of L.:
"The Illinois State Federation of
Labor, assembled in its 37th annual
convention at Feoriu, 111., numbering
moro than 700 delegates, who represent 500,000 trado unionists in Illinois, request that you call immediately, to be held in Washington, a
special convention of the American
Federation of Labor .augmented by
official representatives from the unaffiliated railway brotherhoods, for
the purpose of perfecting an offensive and defensive alliance of the
international unions of Cnnnda and
the Unitod States, and the railway
brotherhoods more effectively to
flght out the life and donth struggle
of the workers now in progress and
Following this action, the Die &
Tool Makers Lodge No. 113,1. A. of
M., Chicago, preiented a resolution
to the offect that the A. F. of L. is
obsolete and calling for "industrial
Chairman James Connors, Chicago,
of the organiiation committee, reported his commltte* as concurring
in tto rtaolution and recommending
ltt paaaage."
This started a fight, and the reactionaries made charges and the progressives mado counter charges, but
it was only aftor many of tho weak
points in tho A. F. of L, form of
organization, that the resolution was
defeated by a small majority.
Irish National Association
Under the auspices of this association a large meeting was held in
St. Mary's Hall, 880 R'ch&rds
Street, to hear tho mossagc from the
Irish people delivered by Mr. M. J.
Costello, a well-known orator from
The meeting was directed by Mr.
D. J. McCarthy, the president of the
association. A programme of Irish
song and music was rendered in
which the following took part: Mr.
F. Uulgrew, Mr. 0. Milner, Mrs.
Oeo. Prico, Mr. D. J. McCarthy.
In speaking on the right of Ireland to independence, Mr. Costello
showed how during thc past seven
centuries or more the Irish people
nad never once relinquished thcir
right to ciint as a nation, and asserted that England's government by
the gun today in Ireland was a government that thc democracy of
Anglo-Saxon dom and of the civil-
ir.ed world was determined to end.
While the Irish had so large a share
in tho direction.of tho policies of
tho United States, tho spenker maintained, an enmity would continue to
sever tho two great English-speaking nations until England abdicated
her right to govern Ireland.
But the Odds Are All in
the Favor of
Thirteen   Organizers  in
the Field-Object
15,000 Members
This week tho strike at Stag Bay
haa been settled satisfactorily, leaving strikes on hand at Capilano, at
Duncan Bay at Merrill Ring and
Moore's camp, at Chase, and Enderby
at the camps and log-drive of the
Adams River Lumber Company; alio
the Btrike of miners at Kimberley.
The Northern Construction Company's camp at McMurphy in Kamloops district is on the unfair lilt
owing to discrimination against
union men.
We are informed that last week
a one big union of employors was
formed, consisting of the Rocky
Mountain Lumbermen's Association
and the B. C. Manufacturers' Association, who decided that whilst that
form of organization was good for,
even necessary, to maintain the interests of the employers, it was from
overy standpoint undesirable when
resorted to by the workers, consequently they decided to fight to tbe
limit the 0. B. U. and any unit of
workers affiliated with it. Tbo
0. B. U. is already too big a forco
for oven a one big union of employers, govornment and international
unions to put it out of business, but
its strength doos not lie in the number of its members, but in tho fact
that it is the only form of organisation which can give to tho worker
any effective degree of protection
from ruthless exploitations by the
employer and consequently must be
utilized by the workers in their.
struggles for existence. It is essential that the organization shall function effectively, it has to meet and
Trades Council Discusses
■ /the Formation of New
-1      Organization
Good Progress Is Being
■  Made in Organization Work
After the routine business of tho
Trades and Labor Council was concluded last night a very interesting
discussion of the many questions
that of necessity have arisen as a
rcault of the formation of tho
0. B. U. took place. Several of the
speakers took the stand that the
jfeorkcrs should be organized strictly
pjr dndusrty, while others took tho
position that while following industrial lineB where possible, tho workers must organize as their needs
$ere determined by tho position
tbjy were placed in, and with particular ' reference to the geographical position in which tkey were
situated. The necessity for elasticity and self-determination of the
W*y men should organize, was also
emphasized by some of the speaker!. The discussion, while at times
nrenuoui, had nono of that old-time
bitterness that- has marked the debates in the Trades Couhncil under
the old forms of organization, and
the general tone and tenor of the
debate was thnt thero was a genuine desire to see tkat the organization would beat serve the needs of
the working class, irrespective of
tho occupations that the workers
38 Shipyard Laborers Withdraw
^,The Shipyard Laborers notified
Ihe council" thnt owing to a resolution passed by the Metal Trades
Council, that they were constrainod
to sever thcir affiliation with the
,Council. It is understood that the
lletnl Trades Council has informed
the --Shipyard Laborors thnt unless
ihey  took  this  action  they  would
ovorcome business competition, and m' bc B]lowcd (o rPtttjn thoir nffilia
it must be efficient in overy ono^of j£>n     w^     the     Metaj     Trades
its activities, whether in tho
of organization or in the conduct
of its business. Lenin states the
demand is for a greator degree of
efficiency under thc Soviets than under the capitalist regime. ■
In the noar future the O. B. U.
eonvention will.be held. What instructions havo tko membership to
give to thoir delegates! Do not let
thom go empty handed and expect
them to formulate a perfect workers' organization out of their own
inherent wisdom. The 0. B. U.must
be built upon the needs of the
times and the understanding of the
workers. It is only a fow weeks to
the general meeting in January, and
during the past six months tho members have undoubtedly discovered
mnny mattors which require serious
consideration. The form pf organization may require some rearrangement. * Here a greater degree of
freedom or elasticity, thero more restriction or rigidity, All these
quostions must bc thoroughly- eon
sidered and the earlier they are
brought to the attention of the general membership the more thorough-
ly ean they be considered.
It must not bc lost sight of that
the constitution requires   that   by
Council, which  would    mean    that
tkey .would not be ablo to work at
Coughlan's    shipyard.      Tho   com-
niiinication wab filed.
>%■ ©ood Progress in Organizing
ftwincsB   Agent   Wood   roported
tkat there, was every   prospect   of
fng a new unit In tho next
He reported progress in many
b branches of the 0. B.-U. and
a- general workers' unit had
opon formed in New Westminster.
* J The organization committee report 'd progress, and that at tbe last
nieeting of that body thero had
Jieim a very good attendance, and
that arrangements were being mado
I'or a dance, and for the formation
jbf a Ladies *■ Auxiliary.
To Hold Dance for Defense
Del. Levy of the Laundry Workers
-reported that he had been instructed
■to move that u dunce be held for the
ijjfei'rposc of raising funds for the defense of the men arrested in Wimii-
;jgfcg, and moved accordingly. The
■motion was adopted.
■  . Edmonton Lining Up
,t Tho Steam Enginoers reported a
.good meeting at  Port  Moody  and
'that   tbe Japanese  in  that district
Mlf-rc contemplating organizing. The
piece work must bc abolished. There
iB also the question of the blankets
and bedding to be finally settled.
And last, but, not least, the blacklisting of tho employers' employ*
ment agency must be effectively put
into operation.
The reports from the organizers
who wero recently sent out give evidence of deplorable conditions existing in tho camps where nd .attempt is mado to conform to the
health and sanitary requirements. A
number of new members hnvo been
signed up, but thc most encouraging
feature of the activity is the.number of new members who . have
agreed to take delegates' credentials.
At thc prosent time the organization has thirteen organizers and between 400 and 500 delegates. Tho
objective of 15,000 members by the
end of the year muat bo kept steadily in view and should easily be accomplished. Tkis will permit tho
general meeting to mako arrangements for u Dominion-wide organ-
izat'on campaign, nnd 1020 should
seo the L. W. I. U. with 50,000
January 1 all contract,  bonus  and Transport   Workers ■ reported   that
Bro, Shaw had been elected as organizer, and was making progress.
;. The Loggers reported another
strike settled, and that they had 14
^organizers on the road, and a district office opened at Edmonton, and
this office imd sent for 500 cards.
Del. Midgley, reporting for thc
general, executive of thc 0. B. U.,
slated that he had heard that Organizer Farmilo of thc A. F. of L.
wns in town, and did not know
whother this had anything to do
with an order from Edmonton for
3000 O..B. U, cards and other sup-
jplies. He also reported that the
miners, in spite of the notion of the
international, whieh had not long
ago compelled them to take out
rustling cards, were coining bnck
to the 0. B. V.. and eight separate
units of miners had been formed in
lho O. B. U. io thc Crow's Nest
Pass and distriel.
There being two 'vacancies on the
executive of the council through thc
withdrawal of the Shipyard Laborers, Delegates II. Pritchard ami
Marshall wore elected to fill the vacancies. The meeting adjourned at
10 p.m.    .
T. A. Barnard, Federated Laborf
Party candidate in the by-election
held in Victoria on Monday last,
waa defeated by Dr. Tolmio, recently appointed minister of agriculture,
by a majority of 2184, tho voto being Tolmio, 7210; Barnard, 5085.
While the figures give tho majority,
they do not tell all the story, and
once again all the old, and somo of
the new methods, were adopted by
the machino to defeat the will of the
So bad wore the arrangements,
that voters were not able to poll
their votes, and in many instances
they were compelled to walk around
with their ballot papers in their
hands becauio of the eongostion at
the polls, whero propor accommodation was not provided. Many returning to thoir homes without having cast their ballots, preferring to
lose their votes, rather than Btand
any longor in the crush.
Polling Booths Congested
At many of the polling booths, it
looked more like a line-up of worker j on pay day, than the people exercising tneir political franchise. It
is estimated that hundreds did not
vote owing to tho confusion.
Chas. Lestor Will Address
Soldiers and Sailors
Labor Council
Tho Soldiers and Sailors' Labor
Council will hold a meeting on Sunday afternoon in the Old Knox
Church, Cordova Stroet. The meeting will commence ut 3 p.m., Charles
Lestor being the speaker. This organization is making considerable
progress, and with the meetings held
every Sunday it is anticipated that
a good "deal of interost will be
aroused amongst returned men in
the questions that face tho work-
era. A good attendance is expectod
on Sunday, and Lestor is suro to
have souiothlmrto aay. that .will be
interesting and instructive.
Share  Capital  Is  Now
Needed Before
A location for tbe Vancouver Cooperative Society's central premises
hne beon rented and busmen operations will commence aa soon as the
board of directors deems it advisable. The premises are located right
behind tho Pantages Theatre, at 41
Pender Street West. This location
is practically in the dead centre of
the business section, just a few
yards from the B. C. Electric terminus. The store is part of a splendid building, steam heated, and with
a big basement 50x160, with a cement floor, into which goods can be
unloaded from 0. P. B. and B. C.
electric cars within a few feot of
the doors. Options have also been
takon on othor parts of the building and will be taken over should
thc oxpansion of the businoss warrant it.
Open Saturday
Tho storo will be open on Saturday afternoon and evening in order
to allow those who have enrolled,
but who havo not yet paid in their
share capital, a chance to subscribe
for shares. Sufficient finances must
bo obtained before attempting to
start business, hence no definite
date for tho opening can be given at
presont. If enough share capital is
subscribed during the next week,
thore is every prospect of opening
up towards the latter ead ot November. Jt will take at leaat two
weeks to get in the orders and have
everything in ship-shape for the
oponing. In the meantime, however,
get your dollars into the society so
as to enable it to pay as It goes'
and avoid -tbo pitfalls of credit.
Fraier Avenue Meeting
A meeting will bo hold in the Aah
Hall, botwoon 19th   and   20th,
Metal Trades Council
Has Change of Mind
Passes Resolution Calling for industrial Unionism,
Now Want to Force Affiliated Locals
to Stay Wkh Craft Form
Resolution No. 26 from the Vancouver Metal Tradee Council presented at tho Western Conference at
Calgary called for industrial unionism.   The resolution'is as follows:
Mr. V. Midgley,"
"Sec. Western Conference,
'' Vancouver.
"Dear Sir and Brother,—Tho following resolution was passed at a
mooting of this council held Wed-
nesday, February 28—19, copy of
which I was instructed to send you:
' 'Bcsolvcd that this council
recommend to afflliated unions to'
take under cun si deration thc question of ono industrial organization,
and thnt thoy instruct their delegates to the Western Conferenco to
be hold at Cdlgary next month, to
bring this matter before the conference in order that steps may be
taken immediately to start such
" 'Yours fraternally,
"'(Sgd.) T, W. WELSH,
" 'Secretary,' "
That (he Metal Trades Couneil
bus changed its ideas since thut
time is- very evident by tho follow-
■ing, which is the import, of a letter
sput by the same organizntion to Ihe
Shipyard Laborers recently, and
whieh made it necessnry for that
body to withdraw from the Trades
and Labor Counoil:
"Dear Sir and Brother,—! beg to
advise you thui the following resolution won passed Jit the last meeting of the council:
"'Thai the secretary writo to
* lie Shipyard Laborer?, Biggers and
.Fasteners' Union, or any other organisation .having connections with
the 0. B. V. Trades and Labor Council, to either sever Iheir connections
.witk that body or M'ltkdraw* thoir
delegates from the Metal Trades
Council. Kindly let me hear from
ynu as to what action your loenl
takes in this matter'
"Yours fraternally,
Moore and Draper Pull
Off Some More Dirty
Work on Labor
The Eastern Foderationist of New
Glasgow, N, S., reports that John J.
McNeil of lnvernesH, u miners' delegate to the Dominion Trades Congress, strongly condcmiiB the manner in which the convention did its
business. Thc fuliowing is in Bel.
McNeil's ofcn words:
I consider the convention more
a tragedy at this timo of crisis and
change than au honest effort, honestly directed to carefully reason out
a line of action and to decide on a
constructive programme to meet the
chaotic conditions of affairs, or to
interpret or reflect the will, desire
and inspiration of organized labor
in Canada.
Tho convention could not bo nn
honest reflection of the labor movement, its, for instance, tlie action
taken in the case of Bel. Watters.1'
President Moore rufused to give
Watters credentials to the Labor
Pence Conference, even though the
Ottawa and Quebec conventions had
named him as thoir lirst choice. He
was refused a hearing on tho floor
of ihe congress aftor his return
from the Labor Peaco Conforonco
and tbe British Trade Union Congress with valuable information, A
report submitted to Secretary Draper
by Waiters dealing with the Lnbor
Conference in Paris wns neither
submitted nor mentioned at the
Hamilton Congress Wntters pliO
placed his expense aeeonnt in ihe
hands of Seeretary Draper ns per
instruction of the president, who
stnted that thc bill would only be
pnid if thc Congress decided to pay
it. This expense account, however,
says John MeNeil, was neither submitted nor mentioned nt tho congress and Del. Watters in trying to
carry out ihe dictates of the former
oongress, in spite of the deliberate
aetion of President Moore to proven) him, is forced to suffer tho loss
of nearly *1000. Del. McNeil ulso
stntes that he has seen documentary
evidence which proves that Mooro
mado it absolutely impossible for
Watters to corry out Instructions
and also documentary ovidenco thnt
Secretary Draper refused to pay
Walters the minimum amount voted
at Quebec to him as fraternal delegate to the British Trade Union
Congress to enable him to arrango
with tho transportation compnny
for thc return passage. District 20
U, M. W. advanced hiin the money,
otherwise be would have been in the
British Isles yot.
Carponters and Paintors
The ROirvices of a few enrpentors
nnd painters will be needed in a
very short timo to help fix up tho
store which is to be occupied by tho
Vnncouvor Cooperative Society,
Limited. In order to curtail expenses as much as possible on tho
start tbo society is asking for volunteers to do th'l) work, for which
they will be paid in shares of tho
society. If you are willing to lend a
hand notify tho organizing secre-
tary, H. W. WtittB, nt 405 Dunsmuir
Streot, or phone Seymour 5871.
At the Ward two polling stationfling, jostling thronj
in the Market building, the conges- ": ' *
tlon was so great between the hours
of 3 and 4:80 that voters, after waiting with more or less patience for
upwards of 30 minutes, turned away
in disgust and returned to their
homes. Scores of others witnessed
tho congestion from tho street,
through tho window and refused to
ao much as enter the pushing, hust-
This was pot-
ticuiarly true of the women voters.
Many of these had allowed themselves time enough to hurry to the
polling stations nnd to return in
time to prepare the evening meal.
The prospect of waiting 30 niinutea
in the hope that ultimately they
niight perchance be able to east their
ballots was not sufficiently bright to
induco them tt oven make the attempt.
The gravest charges, however, are
that the polling booths were not
opened on time, and that ballots
were left about indiscriminately.
That these charges are not manufactured, the following statement by
Captain H. W. B. Moore, reluming
officer, will prove:
"Ballots were put up iu separate
envelopes the day before for eaeh of
the slaty-seven deputy returning officers and addressed to them," states ,
Mr. Moore. "My clerk and myself
each took half and went out to distribute them in their various polls of
the eity.
"I went to Semple *s HaU myaelf,
at 8 o'clock. AU the returning officers for aome reason were net there.
(Continued on page 8) <
Place Themselves in the
Hands of the City
Fraaer Street, Saturday, November i agreement would  be entered  int.'
Mayor  Gcle,  as  Usual,
Provides th« Camouflage Clause
The varioui branches o< tke eity
employes* tave formed a Clvit Bra-'
ployees Federation. Not content with
tail thoy aro making arrangement,
with the eity council aa ts what
their activities ahall be, where they
•hall start and when they will ind.
It waa understood shortly after the
general striko, that in the event n(
such a Fedormtion being formed, and
assurances given to the city council
that thore would be no chanco ot
tho civic employeea joining a sympathetic  strike,  that  a  closed   shon
8, at 8 p.m.   Kindly   inform   your
friends of the meeting.
Citizens who have not yet joined
tho society are urged to do so in
order that a good, enrly and proper
start can bo made. Enrollment fco
is 50 cents, shares arc 45. Oue share
entitles you to the full benefits, but
that should not prevent you from
taking moro thnn one in order to
place tho society on a good financial footing. Address organizing
secretnry, Vancouver Co-operative
Society, Ltd.. 405 Dunsmuir Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
For record purposes, we desire to
have sir copies of Nos. 8-16 wd IB
of the Strike Bulletins. Readers who
have kept these copies will confer a
favor by sending us this number ef
the above issues.
Junior Labor League to
Hold Hallowe'en Social
Mr. Tom llichnrdson, ex-M. P. for
Whitehaven, will be the spenker nt
thc Fodoratod Labor Party meeting
in tbo Nntional Thoatro next Hun*
tiny night. Ah Cnnirnilo Riehanhnn
lms been assisting T. A. Barnard',
campaign in Victoria recently, it ir*
some weeks sinco he has spoken
here. The meeting begins with recital at 7:30 b.v Mr. Julian liny-
wood.   Chair at 8 p.m.
Tomorrow night (Saturday) ihe
Junior Labor Leaguo will hold n
Hallowe'en Socinl in Ornnvillc Hull.
041 Ornnvillc Street, at 8 p.m. A
food progrnmmc lias been arranged,
ncluding a concert, Hallowe'en
games, refreshments and a dance to
finish with. The purpose of the uncial is to havo ii good time and to
ilioronso the Junior Lengue's library.
The admission is either a book or
the prico ttt one.
The Lnbor Ncliooi will meet tbis
Sundny in O'Hrien Hall, corner
Homer und Hastings streets, at 2:30
).m., having received notice to
'pack up and move" from its
former meeting place. The attendance so far this year at the school
shows Homo improvement over thnt
of last season, nud it HCcms to be
stendily increasing.
lt is announced thut thero will be
no meeting of tho Debating Club
this Saturday.
Several conferences have been htld
betweon the rpnentativts of tho
Civic Employoes Federation and thi
city council, and at tho last one held
this week, tho closed shop was the
bone of conteation. In addition the
city employees are not to affiliate
with tho Central Labor bodv. Naturally, the city representatives were
against the closed shop, and there
appeared to bc a deadlock. Mayor
Gale, however, snggeeted the agree'
mont should contain the following
clause: "Thc council is not opposed
to its employeos joining sueh an organization." For iheer humbug it
would bc hard to beat, and the civic
employees Would appear to bc selling
their birthright for a mess of pottage. Cutting themselves off from
tho Lnbor movement, they will he at
the mercy of the city council, anl
their Federation will "not amount te
as much as a snowball in a place
notorious for heat. One very noticeable feature of tho situation is that
the city solicitor ia drawing np thc
agreement, or ut least clauses to
cover the amendment to the constitution of tho civic employees organizations, which now state thnt they
must belong to the Central l.ribo'r
body. While organized lnbor is
fighting in Winnipeg for thc right
of civic employees to strike, thc
civic employees of Vancouver are
giving their liberty into the hands
of the city couneil, headed by such
men as Aid. Owens, Rogers nnd
Mayor Gale. ,
_ The following news item os to
civic employees in Frnnce, mny be
of service to tHV civic employees of
this city, ere it is too late:
(Continued on pago 8)
Is Candidate for Second
in Strike
Joseph A. Clarke, mayor of Edmonton, will ngain ho a ciimliduiu
for that position in tko-coming nm-
iiieipiil elections. It will lio remembered that Mayor Clarke, during tho
general strike, was not stampeded by
the law and order crowd; and acted
ns a seno and intelligent man would
iln under similar conditions. In addition, Mayor Clarko showed his
sympBtliies with tho Winnipeg strik
cm in no mieertu n manner. His
letters to the minister of Labor, in
which he protested a gat list (he w.ur-
Thc noit meeting of Iriloits advertisements of the citizemi
the club wiil be held Saturday, Xo*
inlier 8, at 510 f)Atnlnion Building.
The subject of debate on tlmt occasion will be, "Trade Unionism vs.
Industrial Un'onism." The report
of Inst Saturday's debate appears in |of 1000 hi Winnipeg
another column. say, organized  labor
committeo in ihe proB3 all over the
country, and said that (he only BoJ-
sheviki element wns that to he found
in the secretly organised committers
of the same kind ns the cctinmiitoe
Needless to
iu  Edmonton
  has unanimously endorsed tho ctindi-
When   through   with   this pnper, Mature of Mayor Clarke for anothor
pass it on. j term. PAGE TWO
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Remarkable Clearance
Prices on Men's Suits,
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Id'gnlar up to $35
Regular up to $25
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Regular up to $45
Ovsrooats _	
Regular up to $40
$35 English Aquatite Showerproof Cloth Coats, in
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These Suit Prices Will
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in Men's   Values to  $50  in Men's
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Values' to  $45  in Men's anteed Indigo Dyo Navy
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Arnold & Quigley
Oram, reel, lb.  .Me
iaraon teel,  lb.
S.-*d«d  Ratal!*.,   pkff.
Nabob Tea, lb. .
Slster'i B.d Libel Tes, Ib	
Slater's Blue Ubel Tea, lb	
Look here, flneet Agassis
Spuds, rec. 11.75, CI St
Saturday only    *!•«■»
pbovisioh saPAinan
Siloed Blreaky Baooa, lb. Me
Sliced Streaky Baooa, lb.  500
Sitter's Portset Streaky Baooa,   per
lb  Ma
Slater's Sliced Boneless RBoRU, per
lb „   48c
Slater's Siloed Aysblre Books, lb. Sle
Slater's Sllee* Ayahlre Roll, Ib...55c
Flneet Ontario Honor, He. 3tt  Has
tor    '„ "ll.Ji
Vine Vinegar,  bottlo    16fl
Mabob Vlatiar, bottlo Sts
ritual Pickling Vinegar,  gsllon.-.lfio
•Finest Dry Onions, 5 lbs. tor  2So
B. * K. Split Peas, 1 lbs. far ......Me
B. * X. Pearl Barley, I Ibl Sia
Flneet Marrowtat Peas, S lbs 98s
Butter is ap ln price. Wo trOl
sell flneet Alberta Creamery Bat*
ter from S a.m. to 12 noon on
Saturday, at «1 <J_
3 lbs. ie, _»1-'0
Limit throe pounds.
Alberts Cooking Eggo, dosen —SSe
Alberta Freeh Eggs, doaea  .700
Flneet Canadian Cheese, lb. ..........Sle
Finest PaolBe Mlk.   Rog.   tt.00
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oaee, delivend  .OMtntv
Pork aad Beans, 8 for —
Sordines, i tor  _	
Tomato  Ketchup,  bottle ....
Fry's Coeos,  half-lb.  tta
Cream of Wheat, pkg	
Fineat Compound Lard, reg. 85c
lb., Saturdoy, from 8 a.m. to 11
a.m.. epeeial, Qfln
por lb.   .°uc
Limit < lbs.
Plant Dairy Batter, Ib. ................86c
Finest Pare Lard, lb 40e
Flneet Streaky Baooa, leg. 53 Wo
lb.. Saturdiy only, ^        ^Jlg
Whole or half.
Finest Kltehea Silt,
12 lhi. for 	
Final Beef Tst, lb .........80o
Fineit Oxford  Sausage,  lb. ........85c
3 Stores
118 HABTIlfOS ST. EAST  Phoaa Say. 9262
9100 MAW STREET   Phono Pair. 1983
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.
Vancouver, B. C.
We admit that a Shoe
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Docs WEAR OUT, despite the choico (Juality of tht
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Street   Railwaymen   Give
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Report of Tfieir Convention
Three delegatea were aent from tho' 'from the resolutions committee ^fiat' '-
Stroet aad Electric Railway employeea Division 101 of Vancouver to
the 16th Biennial convention of that
organization, held in iJhicago, September 8-17, 1919, and on return
presented their reports to thc membership in Vancouver. Tha dnl«gates
wore, H. W, Cottrell, J. .Sidaway
aud F. A, Hoover. The first two
presented a joint roport, but P. A.
Hoover presented a roport separately. On the request of tho street
railwaymen, the roports will be published in the Federationist, the following is the joint report of Delegates Cottrell and Bidawa}^
The convention opened at 10:30
a.m. on Monday, Soptember 8. Tho
morning session waa tuken up with
speechea of welcomo by looal labor
leaders and government representatives, both municipal and state. Before adjournment ft committee was
appointed to examino the delegates'
credentials and report -on same at
3 o'clock. Bro. Cottrell was on this
committee. Their report wns that
328 delegates were entitled to seats.
This report waa adoptod and the
aald delegates duly acnted. Committees woro then appointed by tho
preaident to deal with such matters
os law. resolutions, grievances, etc.
On Tuesday President Mnhoii read
his report dealing with tho progress
of the organization during the last
two years. This report was circulated in printed form while boihg rend.
It took up most of the' afternoon,
and wag referred to a committee to
report on. In the afternoon we wero
given a ride over the city and suburbs. This gave us a little time to
reflect on the contonta of the report.
In our opinion several matters woro
very serious, placing ua on tho defensive. The subject of tho one-taian
cars seemed to bo poorly handled
and played into the Tinnda of the
employing companies. Also tho question of unsanctioned strikes was severely dealt with, drastic measures
being proposed to eradicate this
form of insurrection. It was pro*
posed that soction 116 of the con-
stitution be amended to bar the entire membership of any local division from all futuro benefits if striking without tho sanction of *ho G
£. B. We decided to tackle thia
question at tho first opportune moment. Another matter in tho president's roport was the -increase of
initiation feo from $1.00 to $2.00,
one dollar to go to tho international
and the other dollar to the local division. This matter was dealt with
by Bro. Cottrell at a later date but
without effect.
Wednesday was tnken with the
reading of the report of the O. E.
B, It was a dreary proceeding. The
printed portion was finally eliminated after much time had been wasted.
Our resolutions were then handed
in and referred to the committee to
roport on aame.
The unprinted portion pf the' G.
E. W'e report was then read and
at tho conclusion was referred to the
committee appointed to doal with it.
Before disposing of it, howover, Bro,
Cottrell raising the question as to
the number of unsanctioned strikes
that had occurred. The secretary
replied that he could get the information by applying at the proper
time and place. After a littlo discussion in whieh the preaident took
part, a motion was made by Bro.
Cottrell, seconded by Sidaway, to
give tho information to tho convention. This motion was hopelessly
loBt. Bro. Hoover spoke against the
motion offered by us. At this time
a young man in the gallery waa taking notes and on being seen by
some one waa severely rebuked by
the president. Thia little incident
livened things up considerably, but
it became apparent to us that any
opposition was to be met with a hostile forco in reserve for such eventualities. Many of the delegates look-
ZZi™'utATni, *»" *» •** th° ™*»li™
waa in little groups when the convention was not in session. The opposition to. thia amendment progressed considerably in the succeeding
daya, and when the thing came up
again it was found that the committee on law were not in accord with
it. Tlieir recommendation of non-
coneunvnee carried, the president
offering no opposition. It had evidently beon withdrawn by him, fearing it might cause a split.
On the following morning the
Irish question came up, resolution
No. 6 being submitted to the convention, with   the   recommendation
Is the King: So Bad That
He Wants a Lot of
Mr. Bobert Smillie, addressing
meeting in Govan recently, referred
to the incident in the House of Com.
mons whon Mr. Neil MacLean, the
local M. P., remained seated during
the singing of the National Anthem.
Mr, MacLean had previously addressed tho meeting, which, though
generally sympathetic to him, contained a few individuals who in their
questions criticized his action. In
reply to an enquiry, Mr. MacLoan
said hs had nevor riaon at the sing'
ing of "God Save tho King," and
he declined to be a hypocrite on the
occaaion in question.
Mr. Smillie asked: "Why should
Neil MucLoan appeal to the Most
High for salvation of His Majesty
King Goorgcf (Laughter.) Probably, he continued. Noil MacLean
bolieved that the King was no worse
than the majority of tho community.
Why should they make out the King
to be bo bad aa to require evory
hurdy-gurdy on the streets, every
band fn tho theatre, every cinema
piano to join with every minister of
tho Gospel in offering up a petition
for his salvntlonf (Laughter) Ho
thought (lie King himself should
honor the ;nuu who refused to be a
hypocrite.   (Applause.)
it be adopted. This resolution Hfatt
opposed by mauy of the dotegtites
from-eastern Canada. It waa-finally
aent back to the committeo on resolutions on tho suggestion of -tho
president. As thore wore Bix resolutions on the Irish question, it Wa
proposed to havo one substitute for
the whole.
The noxt important resolution was
No. 18, dealing with the eight-hour
day. A long diacuaaion took plaoo
on this question, the Vancouver delegates speaking in its aupport. This
was ono of the beat debates of the
convention. The majority were in
favor of the eight-hour day, but
there woro others who seized on any
argument to opposo it. Thie delegute Claimed that nomo of their runs
were iy_ hours and they wore paid
nino hours, but this would apply
to only a small numbor of runs. It
seemed thut moat of the delegates
opposed to the resolution woro interurban men and claimed it was
unworkable in many cases. The resolution waB then put and earriod.
In tho uf tornoon Mrs. Tom Mooney
of Sun Fraucisco addressed tho convontion relating tho experiences of
hcrsolf, her husband and several
othors arrested and tried for causing the bomb explosion in a peace
parade in San Francisco aome four
years ago. At tho conclusion of her
speech, ii^ wliich she protestod their
innocence and described the methods of railrouding them to prison,
Bro, Mahon stuted that a resolution
would be introduced lator dealing
with this matter. At a later date
sovernl resolutions wero discussed,
one advocating a genoral strike to
obtain Moonoy.'s release from prison. Tho consensus of opinion was
that -an appeal to Preaident Wood-
row Wilson would accomplish better results than a 24-hour atrike as
advocated by some. A committee of
five was appointed by President Mahon to interview President Wilson
ou Mooney's bohalf at a date to be
set when suitable. Among those appointed wore dolegates John Mopnoy
of San Fritncisco, and Kempton of
Salt Lako, both of whom we found
to be progressive aud capable .of
discharging thcir duties in a ni'aujt<jr
creditable to organized labor. _' ■ j'
It must bo remembered that $pu
Mooney was organizing tbe Sftreot
Bailwnymen in San Francisco ,ut
the time of his arrest. His mcth
oda woro not the usual kin4,, but
adopted to suit tbe circumstances
peculiar to the loeal situation.: Thq
men were protected by secrecy^ ;ho
and hia wife, who waa helping Jjjijn
in the work, boing the only, $n<}s
exposed to the attacks of thenamf
ploying interests, -,fa_\
On the fifth day the president'*
report explained how the H. &tof
L. had seriously affected the (om\
cers engaged in organization wprfr.
Hotel expenses and meals cost mare,
and the president on.his own .responsibility had granted a dollar per
day increase to the officer?. The
committee recommended that his action be endorsed. This was carried
but not bofore Bro. Cottrell had
shown that evon the officers had to
be given a dollar per day to prevent them from going on strike,
though the preaident broke the constitution in doing ao.
In the afternoon resolution No 66
wns brought in by the committee to
substitute for ull those dealing with
the Irish question. It soom became
evident that a big mistake ha J been
made. Much of the subject matter
did not rolate to Ireland, but to the
claim that the Americans had eome
to the rescue of the defeated and
tottering AlHes and saved them from
destruction and ruin. The point of
order waa raised by Delegate Bobbing of Toronto, supported by othors
that tho question was a political
"■no and should not be allowed be>
fore the convention. One delegate
Btated that his local jvould secede
of order and pandemonium broke
loose. The chair was challenged but
was sustained, Bro, Mahon retaining tho chair during this time. In
doing this he left himself open to
attack on thia point, but nobody
raised the question. The situation
waa qu<te tense for a whilo. In
dealing nith the resolution following
this incident contimml reference
was mado to the Canadian delegates
raising tho question as to politics
of the previous resolution. Tho impression was that the Cannd;an delegates were opposed to the Irish
poonle and their- cause. Delegate
Sidaway roso on a point of order
objecting to snch reference to the
Canadian delegates, and explained
that many wero in simpathy with
the Irish question, but considered
flint a portion of tho resolution waa
offensive tn the Canadians who had
fought In Franco.
On tho sixth day, Saturday, the
eonvention wns addressed in tho
forenoon by Frank Morrison, solre-C
tary of the A. F. of L. He spike'
for an hour and a hnlf, during which
time tho major portion wag occume*
In denouncing tho 0, B. IT. Mirir
references were made to Winnipeg1
and Vancouver. Ono part of
speech, Healing with education, %*tr
very jood but too much time
taken up in abusing the 0. B.ltf.
to allow him to give us any qpn-
structlve policy of the A. F. of]L;
if such a policy exists.
Somo delegatoa tried to suspend
business for Saturday afternoon, pat1
the motion was defeated. . [   *■
The committee on law then [reported. The first question of import*
ance was to raise the first vjco-
president's salary to $5,000 per year.
Delegate Sidaway opposed the Increase, nnd after stating his reasons moved nn amendment to make
it 44.000. After much discussion In
which the mover of the amendment
wu subject to a little abuse and
personalities, tho question was put
to a voto, the amendment being
hopelessly lost. Abbut 20 votod- In
favor of tt. Another amendment, to
the salaries of the other vlce-preil
dents and board mombers mot the
same fate, Sidaway'a amendment
that it rend 48.00 por day instoad
of 49.00 having about the same support aa the preceding one.
Some timo nfter Ihis tho resolution asking for loeal mitonomy to
adopt the swing shift system came
un. Itl reception wns vnrv hostile,
The   law   committee   recommended
'non-concurrence, which carried after4 'Morrow, who possibly had an eye on
n        [iltm.*      r-l.-tl-..-, I  -Y nt|»n      #J .\1 rt r>n t- rt.,       ..... ** KlO     AHTH      I Itil PilllCll *V\. It.     .......    41*1 #%     t.l *.. ***-.
a short debate. The delegates manifested a desire to kill it quickly,
hardly giving time for thoae even
opposed to it to talk on it. It received tho support of tho Vancouver
delegates only.
This was a very busy afternoon,
and your delegates were greatly handicapped in thoir opposition to the
machine. About tho only satisfaction wo had was as previously statod
the amendment to section 116 being
withdrawn as a result of our persistent propaganda against it.
On the Monday morning, after be*
ing in session for a weok, we wen
requested by the G. B. E. to inter-
Wow that body re atrike pay, as ad-
voeatod in our resolution. Bro.
Hoover waa there to explain tho cuso
as an official. He wus somewhat
favorable to our claim, but it soon
became evident that extraneous mat-
tors wore to be dragged in. Bro,
Cottroll wus subjected to much questioning, starting with the Calgnry
convention, and coming to our withdrawal from tho Trados and Labor
Council, A communication from
Bro. Barker, of an uncomplimentary
nature, helped to complicate mattors.
Most of it was concerning Bro. Cottrell. Whether this prejudiced our
cuae in claiming striko pay or not
we are unable to say, but it put Bro.
Cottrell at a disadvantage in dealing
with this claim. The O. B. U, was
much discussed, and the G. E. B. expressed anxiety as to the attitude of
Division 101, Wo wero asked to
pcrsuado the local to join the now
TradeB and Labor Council. This
aftor it was discovered that our constitution did not compel locals to
join the local body. Bro. Cottrell,
who waa drawn into the discussion,
flatly refused.
In tho aftornoou several resolutions wero doalt with. One by Blow-
itt of Butte, asking for the release
of all political and class war prisoners, failed to get but little support.
The committee on resolutions stated
that such proposals generally camo
from people favorable to tho I. W.
W, Dolegato Sidaway spoko in
favor of the resolution. Others in
opposing the resolution, claimed that
99 per cont. of thoso prisoners were
I. W. W.'s and draft dodgers. The
way in which they heartily votod
against the reaolution -indicated a
callousness that ia hard to realizo,
It can only be explained that they
are misinformed by the preaa, and
those generally oppoaed to progress.
Most of the men and women in jail
under thia heading are Labor leaders or reformers, and were sentenced
at a time when the excitement and
war fever was high,
A resolution asking for the realg-
hia own increase. Thia was the Mme
when the competition of thc president's followers was greatest to
show their loynlty to him. It was
sickening to mon who saw through
the sham and insincerity of these
Next came the eloction of officers.
Thc cheering for Manou wub deafening as he was re-elected president.
It would likely have cost uny delogate his lifo to huve proposod anyone olse. First Vice-president Fitzgerald was ulso ro-elected without
opposition, and with juat a littlo
less ohoering than that given to his
superior. Aa the succeeding vice-
presidents wore elected, the cheering
waned until there was very little
left for some of the linger lights.
Gibbons of Toronto was defeated by
Jennings of Ottawa by 2 to 1. The
stand takon by Gibbous on the Irish
question caused tho Irish dolegates
to opposo him. In doing bo they had
to support Jennings. It waa left to
Bro. Cottrell to nominate Jenninga,
Bro. Hoover was then elected unopposed. As thore wero four additional vice-presidents to elect, several aspirants woro out to take their
chances. Whilst the machine men
won out in overy instance, it was
something new to see go many con-
An attempt was made to have a
session on Tuesday night to complete the business. The motion on
thia .question was lost. It so happened that all day Wednesday was
occupied in the olection of officers,
and tho selection of the next convention city. We left tho convention o few minutes to fivo, when It
waa still electing officers to the oxecutive board. Considerable opposition developed, after the first two
members had boon elected unopposed. In nominating for the respective offices, nothing was loft to
chance. Each nominee had someone
to give him a boost in the nominating speech. Bro. Bland, in nominating Bro. McMorrow, referred to him
as a "diamond in tho rough."
Before leaving^ the hall, we heard
of the G, E. B. decision re strike
pay. A small money grant was to
be made on certain conditions,
which wo considered objectionable.
After Bro. Cottrell found out from
President Mahon, tho latter beckoned Bro. Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald then
callod us to the rear of tho hall and
told us a grant of 42000 and a
month's per capita tax wag to be
made. This was to be given to the
division to help us out after our last
strike, the monoy to be spent subjoct to the approval of Vico-presi-
dent Hoover. Coupled with this was
a request that we join tho new
Trades and Labor Council, and exert
nation of the Soviet government of our   influence   in   transferring   all
Bussia by the United States government was defeated without debate,
Another opposing prohibition was
carried by a narrow majority after
considerable discussion.
The resolution asking for bail and
financial support for the Winnipeg
strike leaders was referred to the
G. B. E., as was also the resolution
asking for strike pay.
On tho following morning the
question of appeals waa taken up,
one from Seattlo, aaklng for death
benefit for a brother who died as a
rosult of an accident after being 11
months on the books of the International. It was shown that he was a
member of Soattle local 12 months,
and a few days, but through tho negligence pt a previous seeretary of
that local, had not been enrolled the
first month, and the claim for the
4100 was therefore disallowed. Tho
convention concurred in' the aetion
of the G. E. B. The case of a brother in Pittsburg dying on his way
home after putting in eight hours of
patrol duty in the local police force
was of unusual interest. The claim
was a just one, according to the
wording of the constitution, and tho
convontion reversed the decision of
the G. E. B., which had previously disallowed the claim. The G.
E. B. made their case weaker by
bringing in an amendment to change
the wording of the section covering
cases of this kind.
On one of the preceding days a
number of ladies had been seen going through the eonvention with
Hats of subscribers to a fund. They
never came near us. On this morning, before the convention opened a
large grandfather clock was sot up
on the platform, and before noon
business was suspendod to presont
the clock to Mrs, Mahon, wife of our
presidont, It was a fine piece of
work, and must have cost considerable money. This accounts for the
subscription lists, although It Is
doubtful if enough was collected on
the floor to pay for this magnificent
In tho afternoon the queatlon of
the luwg rolating to strike pay was
brought up by the Rhode Island del-
egntca, introducing resolution No,
105. Thia local had a strike lasting
19 days, which was sanctioned by
two officers of the International. It
appears that the strike pay they
expected wag not forthcoming. The
G. E. B. said the strike wag callod
without the sanction of that body,
but as the vice-president said they
understood sanction had boen obtained, and they gave further approval, the case becamo More complicated, tho men expecting Btrike pay,
and much dissension was generated
by tho refusal of their claim. The
amendment askod for 47 per week
instead of 45 ,and to make its payment moro definite instead of leaving it to the judgmont of the executive board. Considerable discussion took place before the aubatitute
recommendation brought In by the
committee on law waa adopted by a
narrow majority. Ag it stands now,
tt is just ag unsatisfactory, although
the wording has beon changed. Ag
waa stated by Presidont Mahon, it
is not a striko fund, but a defense
fund. He aald there can be no definite Btrike fund on the present
amount of money coming In. However, there waa enough to give him
49000 por yesr, making his salary
410,000 per year. Thia wag given
after he had himsolf protestod,
pointing out that such increases gave
tho rank and file somothing to talk
about. There ia no doubt though,
that tho president could have stopped it going through if ho had so desired. Mnny of the prominent cogs
ln the machine strongly supported
the increase .among them being .Me
mories from the old council to the
new. Cottrell and Sidaway objected
to the strings atttached to this
grant, pointing out that it woujd be
sont baek if lent iiy its original
Bro. Hoover, who was present,
claimed the grant wag made unconditional, but hia co-delegatea disagreed. It was pointed out that the
grant must be mado without any requests re other matters, if it was to
bo considered by the division. If
any requests wore to be made, they
ahould be gent under separate cover,
leaving each to stand on its own
merits. After speaking to Bro. Mahon while ballots woro boing count,
ed, Fitzgerald came back to ua and
said it would be alright. The money
would be aent and the requests
would be sent later, so that there
could be no possible misunderstand-
inv that the grant was made on condition that the requests bo complied
Before closing this report, roferenco must bo made to the proceedings at the banquet givon by the
Chicago locals in honor of tho delogatcs. Speeches woro made by officers of the Amalgamated and by
several outsiders—among whom waa
a judge—the managor of the Chicago Elevated line,, and the managor
of the Detroit Street Bailway Company. All the speakers urged the
men to stand by their contracts, In
faot this point wbb emphasized at
every possible opportunity.
The printed report of the proceedings of the convontion is somewhat
abbreviated, much of the opposition
being glossed over, so that on reading the official report, considerable
allowance should be made for omission of principal points made by the
184 Million Pounds for
Crushing Soviet
In Tieir of the fact that Gnat
Britain's stntcsmen are crying for
retrenchment, and owing to flnnncial
difficulties could not give the Bailway men what tkey wanted without
t striko, the following news item is
particularly interesting:
Oecil Harmsworth, undor secretary
for foreign affairs, replying to Jo-
slnh Wedgwood in tho House of
Commons Tuosday, said that Constantino Nabokoff, who represented
Bussia at London, had received from
Great Britain botwoen March, 1017,
and Mnrch, 1919, when payment
ceasod, moro than £184,000,000.
Sabllno, who sueeooded Nabokoff,
added Mr. Harmsworth, occupied
the embassy ns tho representative of
Admiral Kolchak.
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Call and see our stock—Suits, Dresses, Coats, Skirts
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Dental work done
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Knowing that workers desire to lose no time—we make special
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We charge reasonable prices—do expert work—give you an
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Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44
Political Structure of Society Determined by Economic Foundation
As  Capitalism   Declines
Parliament Becomes
Less Useful
[By John Scurr in tho Daily Herald]
It is interesting to note that in
the discussion on "direct action"
its opponents take for granted that
parliament is the last word in government. Wo aro assured that in
the ballot box lies our salvation, and
that all other ways aro illusive. I
do not quostion that so long as wo
have a parliament wt should organize an effective labor force for political purposes—effective in parliamentary methods, effective in constituency, organization.
Yot the real question is burked.
Tho "direct action" thoory does not
arise because some people aro impatient, some discontented, and tho
government satisfies none. The same
expression could manifest itself in
political organization, and to this
extent the opponents of "direct action' 'are right. The real thing that
we mus* not overlook iB that "direct action" challenges tho whole
basis of our political democracy. It
is a sign that slowly thero iB growing up a recognition of the fact that
parliament has served itB purpose.
The political structure of society
4b determined by tbo economy foundation. We had no parliament under feudalism, when everyone had
a status. Custom determined the relationships of men to ono anothor.
It was-not until money loomed largo
that a different organ of govornmont was necessary. When we wont,
as Sir Henry Maine expressed it,
from status to contract, it became
necessary to havo some machinery of
governmont which tho contracting
parties could control. So parliamentary institutions came into being and
gained more and moro power us the
money power in society-became paramount. Parliament was at ita zenith
in tho heyday of capitalism in this
country, and it has begun to%de-
clino with thc declino in the power
of capitalism. Parliament is bo-
coming loss account in the minds of
the people, not because Ub present
mmbers are possessed of a double
dose of original sin but because it is
a machine that will not work -in the
new economic environment which is
The Disappearance of Class
The end of tho class war is in
sight. Tho last exploited class—thc
workers who sell tlieir labor powor,
by hand or brain, for wages or salary—are coming into a position of
power. This means, not the dictatorship oi tho proletariat, but the
disappearance of class. We shall do-
part from life based on contract and
return to life based on status.
Tho "direet action" movement is
a crude expression of this new idea.
Like all new movements, it has a
wrong, as woll as a-right, aspect.
Considered simply as an act of war
it has no defenso. It is a regrettable necessity, brought about by
the conditions of tho time. It is as
immoral as is tho action of the profiteer. Both are the product of exploitation..
Considered, howover,'as I claim it
should be, "direct action" Is a very
different thing. It is tho expression
of the vocational claim to have a
voice in tho management of affairs.
Of course, it is, at the momont, imperfect. Our trade unions havo not
yet completed their evolution. Be-
twoon producers iu tho same industry thoro is still conflict, and orgnnization among tho masses is moro
directly concerned with tho immediate problem of maintaining the standard of lifo for thoso within the
ranks of a particular union. Time,
howover, will correct this, and the
trade union will evolve until it can-
tains within it not only the manual
but thc brain workors of tho industry. Now a vocational organization of this character will not bc
contented with the contracturnl conception. It will not simply romnm a
trust for controlling f!>c su'.e of a
commodity—liibor »JoWor. It wW do
miuid that its st'i'.us 'hall Ivi recognized.. It will control the productive
function. Parliament cannot do
this. A bureaucracy cannot do it.
Both lead to a stereotyping of mothod. Production doponds upon
freedom, and this freedom is only
gained when the producers control
tho process.
Control of Production
So the Miners Federation's suggestion of "direct action" to na*
contented with the contractual conception. It will not simply remain
a truat for controlling the sale of a
commodity—labor power. It will demand that its status shall be recognized. It will control the productivo
function. Parliament cannot do this.
A- bureaucracy cannot do it. Both
lead to a stereotyping of method.
Production depends upon freodom,
and tbis freodom is only gained when
the producers control tho process.
Control of Production
So the Miners' Federation suggestion of "direct action" to nationalize the mines is but a flrst expression of the claim of the vocational
organization to control the procoss
of production. It may not succeed
on tho present occasion. But this is
but the ebb-and-flriw of the tide. As
oach trado union tends to organize
all the producers in tho particular
Industry, bo will it become a vocational organization and demand to
control production.
Parliament will resist. It may, at
flrst, be successful, especially If it
is able to throw one section of the
workers againBt another. A pleus-
ible caso against "well paid" workers may for a timo rally tbo less
well paid, but parliament will be
beaten in the end. Parliament is the
[By Nemesis.]
Notfr—In dealing with this subject,
which I approach with a mind unprejudiced to the last degree, 1
should like to state that I shall
welcome the correction of any1 erroneous statement or deduction
which, in my ignorance, I may unwittingly mnko, and tfle supplying of any omission of fact which
might materially affect any deduction, for my only object is to
got at the truth, as far aB it has
been uncovered, of a subject which
naturally is of BUprcmo intorest
and Importance to all of us.
Tho belief of Spiritualism, which
has been founded on the supposed
revelations from ths spirit land itself, is in its main outline as follows: Tho soul on leaving the body
at tho moment of death, enters its
new environment in tho same moral
and mental stato as it waB just prior
to its liberation and then commences
its upward development through various planes of advancement till it
reaches tho final stage of mental
and moral perfection which is its
prc-destined goal. Thore is no such
thing as death or destruction for all
ultimately must roach that goal.
Considering tho law of development as revcalod in the racial and
individual growth of man (the latter being an exact epitome aB it
were of the former), and indeed in
all things from a solar system to a
microscopic insect this seems to be
a logical belief; for everything living passes through a process of development beforo it reaches its maturity after which it begins to
weaken and decay and finally dies.
The Spiritual theory is then, that
when the human body ceases to respond to its environment by ceasing
to function, tho soul ib released and
continues to devolop in a moro extended and, lot us hope, a less handicapped environment. This seems a
more logical belief than that which
pictures, the liar, tho thief, tho adulterer, the murderer or the profiteering capitalist, ob passing instantly
after a littlo death-bed cant produced by fear, as a white-robed angel,
into an environment of glory and
12.00 PER YEAR
created together, in "timo with th#
embryonic organism of  flesh
lo^last few years and proclaimingfbe proved conclusively that they
imeslf as a convert, we know that
the matter has passed definitely out
,qf tho province of the conjuror and
jchfirlatan and cannot bo brushed
jaside with a cheap snoer or contemptuous giggle which aro the wea-
Jons of weakness ignorance or pre*
These phenomena consist of written communications, table rapping,
movements of heavy furniture, apparitions, and the like and as these
have been well authenticated time
after time by theso educated and
trained minds we cannot ignore them
and for courso there Is a causo for
theso remarkable effects; but whether that cause has been proved definitely to be the activity of departed spirits remains, I think, still to be
j The desire in the human heart to
know what has become of the loved
and lost ones, to loarn that they are
still in conscious existence is naturally intense, so that a person, on the
exhibition of phenomena quito new
nnd strange to his experience and
startling in their reality, is apt to
accept conviction without first considering that there may be other
causes far removed from the departed spirits which will account for
It !b generally recognized by
psychologists that man possoBBes two
distinct minds, tho objective' mind
and the subjective mind, the former
functioning during our waking moments when the one great operation
of modern man, the mad chase after dollars, is performed; the latter
operating when tho former ib in
abeyance that is during sleep and
timo of trance or any other stato
of unconsciousness,
This theory again has not been
formulated by a process of guessing
but is supposed by many facts
which are preserved in many largo
volumes; aud probably this subjective mind is thc source of all- inspired thought and of thc emotions.
Onc great scientific professor, after elaborate investigations of phenomena of spiritualism, came to the
conclusion that thero was a grent
mental force at work but ho could
ndt acquiesce in the spirit theory
and many arc of the snme opinion.
Now if the subjective mind oper-
I have never seen a theory ad- ates when tho objective mind is in
vanccd as to tho exact time tho soul "«***"■■«'"•■ ~,Wni. u«u»: ai,-„.... ™.iij
becomes associated with the body,
whether at birth or at the moment1
of fertilization or at puberty or at!
legal maturity; or why, as it is a1
distinct ontity, it cannot leave thd
body till death, should it feel ed
disposed; or at what epoch in thd1
racial history of man did flesh and'
spirit flrst  intermingle  or whether^
fiftfejrance what better chance could
it have to function than in thc case
ftr tho medium in his trance) And
Thompson J. Hudson asserts that
'this subjective mind has means of
obtaining information which the objective mind, relying solely on the
five Bcnscs, docs not possess.
' Thus we find aro two important
■facts, bearing on these phenomena,
the embryonic principle of soul wad' to be considered, whicli are—there
I have heard doubt expressed al
to tho existence of soul in man, as;*
being immaterial, it is outside all
experience and logic and jmagina1
itf a strong mental forco at work
and1 "and during trance there is sub-conscious mind in its most active state
a»d capable of obtaining information from other subconscious minds,
tion; but suroly it may be ns ma'1- "hf the activities of departed spirits
terial as the body but of infinite
attenuation; nnd is it not reasonable
to assumo that the power and tho
intelligence which could endow inanimate matter with life and consciousness could create soul?
A. belief in the spirit or soul is
common to all races of men so that
some thinkers assert that it is inherent and point to flint helief as
a proof of itH possession, while others
claim that this belief has bcen developed in ma'n from his actual experiences, Ruch as dreams, etc.,
through long ages; but it, is not
conceivable that the germ from
which man evolved was fundamentally different from the other cell
forms of lifo, which through
ns long a period have advanced no
higher than cuttlefish, apes and all
the othe multitudinous forms of
lower lifef
. As this is a possibility, who shall
authoritatively assert that tho belief in the soul is not inherent hut
merely u matter of the influence of
environment? If you admit design
in nature and go back in imagination to the act of creation it is difficult to logically deny a fundamental difference in those original life
Be that as it may, man from thc
earliest times has evinced supreme
interest in this subject and haa
ceaselessly endeavored to throw a
permanent and irrefutable ray of
light' upon it: and thc spuiritualists
today claim that they have established this ray of light and have proved the persistence of the spirit after death as thoy assert that they are
able to communicate with thom and
actually sue them in their seances.
Their mode of procedure is somewhat as follows: Thoy work through
a medium who is a person able to
throw himself into a trance und leave
his body at the disposal of the spirits who are then nblo to communicate in nn elementury sorL of way
with their former friends; nnd to
tho sceptic and scoffer I would ■.ay
that they obtain the most remark-
ablo phenomena, well calculated to
implant the belief of their reality
in most people who have actually
witnessed them.
When we find miuds like thc latf
Alfred Russell Wallace, the co-discoverer of natural selection with
Darwin, Sir Oliver Lodge, Professor Sedjwick, F. W. H. Myers and
many others, trained scientists, after years of patient investigation be-,
coming enthusiastic and earnest
spiritualists, ono must ndmit thit
there is something underlying the: c
phenomena. r,
When wo find also pfSfessod m i-.
tcriulists like Conuon Doyle giviig
hiB experiences as he haB done f* r.
br'by the forco of the subjective
ftiind of the medium in conjunction
with other subjective minds; and
this question will have to bo definitely answered bofore spiritualism
can rise above thc valley of faith
and shine on the mountain summit
of proven fact.
It is illogical to assume thnt a
mental force emanating from brain
under abnormal tension cnn move
without contact heavy firt'Cles like
furniture, when we consider that the
physical forces such as gravity, magnetism, heat and others operate
across space:;, including the spaces
of tho cosmos.
Moreover nre thc communications
of such a nature as wo might reasonably expect from beings who
must have had Bome little experience in thc spirit-laudf Granted all
the difficulties which wc must recognize sis existing iu such communications, aro they of such a nature
that they could not havo bcen cor
ceived iu all details by nn ordinary
living person's mind ub J'or instance
the subjective mind of the medium
"n conjunction with muny others!
Great stress is .bid on thc fact
that information quite unknown to
tlie sitter and enquirer hns been given and found afterwards to bo correct but is is not conceivable and
quite possible that the subjective
mind of the person in trance could
obtain it from some other mind
though at n distance. Tbis seems
possible according to the recorded
ts dealing with this matter apart
from Spiritualism. (Bee Thompson
J. Hudson's works on same.) Ab regards the  seeing of spirits can it
political method for the eiprofisicn'
of tho capitalist economic system.-
With the disappearance of capitalism parliament  ceases to  function.
In place thereof wc shall have
guilds of products (growing out of
the present trade unions) and. professional organizations, controlling
the productive side of industry, and
associations of consumers (growing
out of the existing co-operative societies, multiple shops, local governing bodies, and loeal labor parties.)
We need not despair, therefore,
over the talk of "direct action."
As a political weapon under present conditions it muy not be wise
to use it on the ((round of expediency. But as fhe first step towards
thc new economic structure of socioty, although imperfect in action
and objective, it is to bc welcomed.
objective visions and not merely
subjective ones like the visions of
the delirium tremens patient or other
siek persons.
If moro than ono person see the
vision is it objectively certain, considering tbey are expecting to, see
it and under conditions which must
put their nervous syatem for the
time being into an abnormal state,
which is like a state of disease.
Speaking generally, can any human sense be absolutely depended
upon whon noting under abnormal
conditions calculated to unduly excite the whole nervous system f
Thompson J. Hudson asserts that
no information unknown to any living creature can be extracted from
the medium, and ho gives the following case, among others, to provo
his assertion.
He took a friend to a well-known
medium and the usual phenomena:
were forthcoming, • Correct written,
communications on tho slate in an-;
swer to various questions woro oh-,
taincd till Hudson asked tho spirit
Who was supposed to be in control
of tho medium and- who had been
a friend of Hudson's whon alive
to inform him what ke (the spirit)
had tried in vain to tell him on his
death-bed and the answer he obtained was that the spirit had departed. Here information was asked for
which no living person could possess
and though the spirit of the person
who did know was being questioned
no answer was forthcoming.
And finally, what must we think!
of the supreme test? Beforc Myers
died he wrote a conmtunicatioir which
ho deposited securely sealed in the
safe of a London bank with instructions that it was only to be delivered -up after his death to certain
friends and aftor he had revealed
its contents from the spirit-land.
' Though he* is supposed to have
been iu communication with those
friends many times since his death,
I have never heard that his grent
revelation has arrived.
Spiritualistic articles mako fine
sensational reading for Sunday papers, but allow me to propose an
easy test that must settle the question definitely and in a few years
Lot a dozen well-known spiritualists do as Myers did; let thom each
make a secret communication and
deposit it safely nnd promise to reveal it through the usual channels
after death. If all the twelvo wore
ablo to do so, no one could possibly
deny that communication with our
departed friends was a proven fact.
If one or two only wero able to do
it, it might merely mean that their
secret bad become known to others
before death, cither by direct communication or talking of It In sleep.
Let them make this   test;   it  ia
simple enough and would be decisive.
Surely it is worth lryingt 1 would
SO that tho question arises, are tho rathor know for certain  that our
hjKritunlistie   phenomena    produced spiritualistic friends'bolief had boen
elevated into tho realm of establish'
ed fact than posscsa a million dollars exploited from my brother mnn.
Defense Counsel  Raises
In the caso of the Finns arrested
at Port Arthur and Fort William
for being l.i possession of prohibited
literature, thc prosecution has put off
tho trial on account of grave constitutional questions that arc being
raised by the counsel for tho defonce. Mr. J. E. Bird nnd W. W.
Lefeaux, of thin eity, with Mr. Me-
Murray of Winnipeg nre the counsel
for the defense. Efforts are being1
made te have an immediate hearing,
and it is hoped that the cases will
bo proceeded with todny. Great interest is being taken in the twin
cities in these casus, and the workers aro fully aroused by tho arrestB.
London—Mr. Goode, the correspondent of the Manchester Guardian, who is understood to havo
come from Petrogrud with an offer
of peace, is being "detained" on u
British warship!
of B. Ci Very Fin«t ud Bert
and WOMEN. Designed to latest styles or to
your own individual ideas; cut with scientific
accuracy; fitted painstakingly and genuinely
tailored by men-tailors in a real tailor shop on our
own premises under our own supervision.
We absolutely and unreservedly guarantee you
the finest woolens and the best work.
SUITS—for Hen f40 up; for Women f55 up.
OVEBOOATOJOg in Greatest Choice
128 Hasting* St. East
Nesr Osmeglt Library
Our Prices
on Mackinaw Clothing and Overcoats must
be right by the way they are selling.
A good Mackinaw at $15.00 these times is cheap,
or a good Overcoat at $20.00 is also cheap.
We have them at these prices and nice patterns.
Men's Suits from $20.00 upwards.
Stetson Hats still at $7.50 (the latest).
Our Shoe Department is doing well.    You
will understand why when you see our prices.
Branch Store: 444 Main Street
AND PRIOE. Tour shoes stand the strain of endless twisting and turning.
In order to get the best results you must have a shoe that is made right. It is
possible to get such a shoe in only one way—SOLID LEATHER—two Uttle
words that mean more in shoo construction than everything else combined.
Paris is a guarantee that your shoe is solid.  When you are downtown next
drop in and let me convince you further X
with the real articles.
Seven ntylcs iit this range—Harvard Brown, Black
and Brown' Calfskin and Gunmetal—recedo and
round tec—$0, $10, OM values, *J»ly *it_
Boys'   Black  Chronic  Boots—A   shoe   that  I  can
conscientiously recommend O.A.  \ t\
Sizes 1 to 5 1-2   V1.HI
Boys—Broken lots of hoys' regular $4.50 to S5.&0,
These arc splendid Values. d»o f)A
Sizes to * 1*2; at   90MV
?r youth's boot, mndo      dJQ   OC
vy solos. Sizes il to 13 1-2 W»«W
A solid leather youth's boot, mado
with extra heavy
Do you want guod wound repairing done in the leaat
possible timet   Leavo it with lho.
Ladies' Cuban Heel Bitlfl—
Dark Husiiet simile, short
vamp, 10-in eh top; a real
good shoe; $9 d»/J QC
value «pO»«7D
Men's Heavy Work Boots—In Blnck and Brown
Chrome und Oroin. Good wutcrproof &C {\t\
leathers.    Vnlues to *8.00   vOiUU
House Slippers—I have just opened a full line of
felt and leather slippers which I have marked at
moderate prices.
Child's—Sizes 5 to 10 1-2—Broken lines in child's
Velour Calf Bluchers and Bals,
all  at  	
Rubbers—If you have trouble getting a pair of
rubbers to fit you, come in and see inc. 1 havo all
Any v vie shoe made to order.
51 HASTINGS ST. WEST J. _T_\JM_t  X' \s u ±\
eleventh yeae.   No. «     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     Vancouver, b. o.
FBIDAT October ; j  iii:'
fublifihcd every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A.  S.   WELLS...
Office:   Labor  Temple.   405  Dunsmuir  Street.
Telephone Seymour 5871
S«!»scribtion Bates: United States and. Foreign,
$8.50 per year; Canada, $2.00 per year; to
Unions subscribing in a body, $1.60 per
uember por year.
Unity of Lsbor: Ike Hope of the World
...Ootober 31, IBM
conditions that prevailed under the regime of the Czar of Russia, and there will
,be a similar end in that country to the
powers of autocracy. Conditions create
men and their ideas. If repression and
the denial of the right to bring about
changes by the much vaunted constitutional methods, is to be the policy, then
the result will be action that will remove
the difficulties that face -the workers in
their efforts to bring about the day when
they shall be free. Once again we would
point out that the onus of any trouble in
any country during the'transition period
will rest on the ruling class. Similarity
of action will be as noticeable then as it
is now.
Of the 400 Hindus who sought to enter.
Canada in 1914, 80 were shot after their,
deportation to India. [ j
—-        in
Kroustadt has fallen. The morale of
the Bolsheviki must have been broken for
tliis to have happened so easily. About a
woek later, the red flag still floats ever.
Kroustadt. Thus do we learn the truth
from the daily press.
BRITISH newspapers are expressing
surprise at the similarity of tho demands of tho American, workers with
those of thc workers in Great Britain.
They see a remarkable resemblance in the
activities of the
"SIMILAR CONDI- miners in the
TIONS" VS. two   countries.
"SIMILAR RESULTS" By going a little further they
oan see similarity in the demands of the
Italian, the Fronch, or any other workers
who arc suffering from the same degree
of exploitation. In the methods adopted
In securing their demands, in the tactics
adopted, and in the attitude/ of the men
to thc trade union leaders, there is also
a similarity. In Great Britain the men
on the job have decided as to what their
policy shall be. Bob Smillie, who recently stated that he had not been spoiled by
attendance at the House of Commons, beeause the workers refused to eleot him to
that body, is today the outstanding figure
in the British Labor movement, beoause
of tbe faot that he has never lost his grasp
pf the viewpoint of tbe man on the job.
William Allen White, in an article written for the New York Evening Post, on
thc steel strike, says:
"The steel strike, first of all, is
democratic It is organized from the
bottom, not from the top. It was
voted, not ordered. And in any district where one goes he inds tha
strike in the hands of local labor.
This is the distinctive feature of the
«        *        *
This is one of the many instances that
denotes that labor in the United States
is sick of officialdom, and whioh Margaret
Bondfleld  in   her   address   before   the
American Federation of Labor convention
referred to in the following words:
"in my country,   Labor   opinion
works from the bottom up, and if it
does not reach the top, there is likely to be an explosion.  In your country, Labor opinion works from the
top down, and it does not work very
far down.   Our executives at South-
port are now being pressed from below by the rank and file. And I believe that as we go along, every expression of opinion by the rank and
file will have a clearer reflection and
expression among those executives."
* *        *
Another instance of the desire of the
rank and file to determine their own
affairs without the interference of the
officials, is the New York printers' strike,
and a still further demonstration of the
fact that the workers are getting sick of
the autocracy in their organizations was
the Western Conference held in Calgary
this year, where the plans for the formation of the O. B. U. were laid down.
* »        *
Even with the evidence before them,
the governments of the world are evidently failing to see the handwriting on
the wall, and attempt to pick out from
the ranks of officialdom in the Labor
movement, men to sit in conference with
the representatives of the government,
and the employers, there to decide labor
problems and difficulties. Needless to say
, these gatherings are usually abortive, or
the workers refuse to abide by the findings of them. The recent gathering at
Washington was.after all not onc whit
worse or more futile, than was the one
held at Ottawa. From Japan we learn
that similar tactics have been adopted by
the government there in selecting "labor
representatives" to attend the international conference at AVashington. And
the workers of Canada and the United
States have objected to this method of
choosing labor representatives. So in addition to there being a similarity of the
demands of the workers in the various
countries, there is similar objection to
the autocratic methods of tho officials of
the labor movement, and at governmental
chaice of men to represent tho workers.
*»        »        »
Thore is a further likeness between the
aims and objects of labor in all capitalistic countries. That aim is to replace the
present competitive system, with a system of production for use. In this lies
the greatest hope for the workers. This
movement demonstrates quite clearly that
capitalistic methods have produced similar ideas and actions on the part of the
workers the world over. It demonstrates
that the workers are realizing that they
are the victims of international capitalism, and that only by an international
working class movement based on an understanding of the present system, and
the need for a complete change before
the labor problem can bc solved, and
the workers become free men and
women. This, however, is a similarity that thc ruling elass does not like to
see. The result is the polioy of the Iron
"[ Heel. Suppression of free speech, repressive measures of all kinds arc being
used, and in all countries alike. Instead
of giving the discontented a chanoe to
voice their opinions, and to bring ahout
changes with little friction, the ruling
class is determined to attempt to stop the
yoice of labor—so long orying in the
wilderness of ignorance and superstition
—from being hoard. This will bring in
its train similar actlvites en the part of
thc workng class the world over. Make
conditions in the U. S. A. similar te the
THERE is little in the Ontario election results that ean be looked upon
as a sign of any growing working class
solidarity. Rather can it be seen that the
upheaval in the East is due to the dissatisfaction of the people
THE FARMER with thc present aggre-
AND gation in chargo of the
LABOR government   of   the
province and country.
Yet in spite of this, we see in every
newspaper that we read, a growing fear
that the results in Ontario presage an alliance with the farmer and industrial
worker. They are all in accord in heralding what they consider a fact, that is,
that it is impossible for the farmer and the
Labor groups to form a coalition, and to
aet up a government in Ontario. No
doubt the experience of Dakota has struck
fear into thc hearts of the ruling class of
this country, and so the wish is father to
thc thought. It may, at this stage of the
game, be impossible for Labor, as represented by the Progressives in the ranks
of the working olass, and the farmers to
line up together. It may be that the farmers eleoted to the Provincial House in Ontario, do not represent the agriculturists,
but rather the large and capitalistic farmer. But tho day is not far distant when
the farmer will be compelled to realize
that his position in society is muoh the
same aa the industrial worker in the oity.
That they are both exploited, and that so
long as the wage system lasts, they must
suffer from the inevitable results of that
system.. The.development of industry is
now about complete, while the development of thc agricultural pursuits has only
just commenced to take on the methods of,
capitalistic production, whioh have been
so effective in industry. But capital is
entering very largely into the domain of
the farmer. The farmers' organizations
are today dominated by the big men, and
not by the small. In every Province of
this country,.in every state in the United
States, can a change be seen in the methods being adopted in the agricultural
industry. Larger aud larger machines of
production are being introduced, until the
small farmer with his primitive methods
of production is being squeezed more and
more by the competition of the capitalistic
operated farming projects. Exactly the
same development is taking place in the
production of wheat and other cereals)
and even dairy products, as took place in
the manufacture of shoes and any other
commodity produced by the wage slaves
in the industrial centres. As the slaves
of the factory were divorced by the development of industry, from the tools of
production, so are the slaves of the farm
being divorced from theirs, and their position cannot be muoh longer maintained.
This development of the tools of production in the agricultural industry,, will,, as
it did with the workers in the cities, convince the farmer, that the only problem
that faces the working class is the class
ownership of the tools of production.
When that takes place, the farmer will
line up with Labor—not Labor of the safe
and sane kind—but with Labor that is intent on bringing about a ohange in the
system, and restoring the tools of production to those that use them, and instituting a system of production for use instead
of for profit. Then the ruling class will
have their fears, and they will not be imaginary, but real; they will realize that the
jig is up, and that Labor, both agricultural and industrial, has decided to shake
thc parasites off thcir backs, and enjoy
tho fruit of thcir toil. This will be
brought about by the development of the
tools of production in the agricultural industry as it was in the mill, mine and
Here is a quotation from an article
which recently appeared in the New York
Evening Post: "Men who work in fac**
tories and do rough work are buying sill?
shirts and silk underwear. Their wives
are wearing hosiery that costs $2.50 to
$3.50. More automobiles are owned by
the working class than ever before. Even
Chicago barbers are riding in Packard
cars." Vancouver barbers must be pikers as few of them, unless they are employers, even own a Lizzie.
The Alberta government is making arrangements to give relief to the farmers
in tho drought-stricken areas in that Province. The relief is to take the form of
flour and coal. Now the farmer is engaged in the raising of wheat, but he oan
not get sufficient flour for his needs, although he may in his lifetime have produced thousands of bushels of wheat from
which flour is made. This is some system,
and then the press rails against Labor
men, and puts them down as Anarchists
because they wish to chango it.
Miss Margaret Bondfleld, giving her
opinion of the use of the general strike,
says: "My own personal opinion is that
I should be entirely in favor of the use of
the general strike as a weapon for tho
registration of the people's will on subjects of such international importance as
intervention in Russica. The use of the
general strike with reference to international political questions is, I think, even
more justified than its use for purely industrial purposes, sueh as questions of
hours or wages."
The Repatriation League is very busy.
It has had a lot of Chinese slaves discharged and returned soldiers taken, on
in their place. In the meantime, Scottish
carpenters will not fix doors made in
Canada, in spite of the -protestations Af
the employers that they are made in good
clean sanitary workshops. This js be*
wailed 1>y the ruling class, at the sai
time this class is asking the workers,
all and sundry to boycott tho Hun, a'
is sending British ships to Germany for
repairs. Truly the ruling class of the
world is crazy.
Seattle building trados employers have
been advertising for bricklayers in loottl
papers. The reason for this, is that theip,
is a strike in Seattle of all building trades.
While Vancouver may not have a fully
class-conscious working class, we are it
the opinion that it is a bad place to advertise for scabs. The workers of this
oity have had some little experience of
master builders and other employing class
association activities, and an advertisement bearing the earmark of the Seattle"
Employers Association, offering work to
bricklayers or any other kind of labor,
would indicate that scabs were needed.
Mr. J. W. deB. Farris intimated at the
child welfare convention on Wednesday
that a commission would be appointed in
the near future to deal with the question
of mothers' pensions. This measure has
bcen advocated by the B. C. Federation
of Labor and many other labor organizations in the province for some time, and it
is hoped that thc government will not, as
has been the custom, appoint a representative of labor on that commission without first consulting organized labor.
Labor is quite capable of choosing its own
representatives, and has a far better
knowledge of their qualifications than the
government can have.
No doubt the returned men in Victoria
that voted for Dr. Tolmie are very well
satisfied. They would, however, have
been better satisfied if the government
had not have kept back the news as to the
turning down of the requests for the gratuity until after the election. In the general election, the government slipped it
all over the women folks. This time they
slipped it over the soldiers. Were we not
in sympathy withe the returned men, we
should chuckle. As it is, we ean only
hope, that after a few more doses of Bor-
denism, they will become immune from
their attacks of faith in their masters
politicians. It sure was a raw one, and
the worst part of it is that Barnard told
them what would happen as soon as the
eleetion was over. Here is his statement
made before the day of election: "Latest
authentic information from Ottawa states
that the Commission report has been postponed until after the election (report to
bc made next Tuesday.) The report was
promised last Tuesday. It is understood
that the Commission does not favor more
bonuses." Tommy had the goods; the
soldiers are stung again—at least some of
them were.   Those that voted for Tolmie,
Proletariat Must Depend
on No One for Its
"Botwoon two worlds—ono dead
and tho otber not yot bora"—-the
absolute necessity of tbe transition
from tko old systom to the new was
again insisted on, at the National
Theatro meeting on Sunday night,
Chas. Loslor being the speaker in
tho absence of A. S. Wells, who hsd
been auuouuoodr The workeri must
seize the power of tho state, if the
human race was to survive at all;
and any movemont co-operating
toward that end had the speaker's
support. The situation was to bo
saved by those who had no cards up
thoir sleeves, but just spoke what
was in their minds.
Caught in a cloft stick, tho master
class was absolutely helpless; and
the proletariat was not yot sufficiently conscious of itt historic mission. "Is is our ignorauco and
tlioirs combined that is responsible
for all this suffering. The blood-
shod that will tuke place is the result of the action thoy will have to
take. That, is what the ruling class
iu any country in the world will bo
compelled to do, whon tho proletarian class is not intelligent enough
to move for itself."
Capitalism had como ps the development of othor systems, but all
were based on slavery. A slave
civilization never had stood and
Dover eould stand. (Applause.)
Ancient Babylon was greator in ox-
tent than modern London; it had
wider streets and a sanitary system
far superior to that of any city of
the present time. Now it was dust,
beeause it was based on a rotten
foundation. So the British Efnpire,
with its greatness and magnificence,
would fofi to dust—vory, vory soon
■unless transformed into a commonwealth and based on a very different foundation,
The high cost of living could not
be brought down by any legislation.
The value of commodities in relation to one another had not changed, but only tho figures on them.
(Laughter.). "When they mako out
that tho paper thoy givo you has
real value behind it, they state a
falsehood. They have watered the
whiskoy; they have shortened the
yard moasuro," As a mattor of fact,
however, the workers here bad not
|ret seriously felt the high eost of
iving. "The master class is afraid
hat, when you really do fool the
pinch, you'll do something." Hence
tho preparations mado to keep order.
"Tou, can's blnme them," the
speaker remarked; "governments
exist to govorn."
Thero was a time when there was
no such thing as government. But
as soon as a man could produce moro
han his keep, it paid another man
io govern him. The governmont had
for its object tho coralling of tho
slave—to see that he kopt at his
work and didn't run away from his
'master. Governmont had never had
'Sny other function. Wtion there
was any danger of the working olass
not doing their work and giving up
their product cheerfully to tho master class, the state was strengthened.
Henry VHI. expropriated (he
monasteries, and tho poor who had
been fod by the monks wore left
without subsistence. Henry did the
best he could; he hung about 60,000
of them as rogues and vagabonds.
Others who revolted were slaughtered by the Enrl of Warwick, till
word came to him to stop, lest there
should not bo enough loft to work.
The Triple Alliance in Britain reeently threatened a etrlke; aoldlera
wore placed ln overy town to suppress the mon, although they had
been fighting in France for their
masters' intorests.
The workers in Britain had outclassed thoir mnstors, making them
show their hand. The government
of the ruling class in Great Britain
could not last long. (Applause.)
But in the day of trial tho proletariat must dopond on no one but
itself. The Ameriean ruling class
was not so clover as so wise aa that
in Britain. With thoir nogro problem, the Irish and the German element, thoir 2,000,000 on strike, and
more to como out, anything could
happen thore—with both tho working clnss and the ruling class as ignorant as thoy could be. A government liko thet was linblo to precipitate sorioua disorder at any time.
820 Granville Street
Offer a full line of
to select from, in
either two-piece suits
or combinations.
Prices range from
$4 to $10
a Suit
Woollen Mufflers, in
Green, Brown and
$1.75 to $3.50
Matinee 2.30
Evenings 8.20
Other Big reasons
tke Home Coming of Everybody'! Favorite
George B. Howard
In Nat Goodwin's greatest
lor., Bonunce and Comedy
The United Mine Workers, vrho during
the war Were lauded for their patriotism,
have ovidently come to thc conclusion
that they cannot live on it, and are now
taking such steps as they think will secure them more of the necessities of life.
By some peculiar mental twistings the
government of the U. S. A. has decided
that the strike which is scheduled to take
place this week-end will be an illegal
one. The miners reply that if the wartime decrees are not to stand in other
matters, then wage arrangements mado
during the war should not stand. The
outcome of this strike will decide the
destiny of the A. P. of L. We await the
result with a good deal of interest.
It was impossible absolutely for
tho master class to revive this system of production for sale—thingi
not produced to bo consumed by
thoso who produced them, but to be
The Proletarian Cafe
Meet the comrades and enjoy
the best meals possible at the
The Tfielma Cafe
Possibly you have never bought Christmas Gifts
in November, but this year we advise it strongly;
Stocks are by no means heavy,' and in this way
you got exaotly what you would like to give.
And you avoid the rush and uncertainty later on.
We have customers who are already seleoting Bracelet
Watches, Pocket Watches and Waldemar Chains, Diamond
Rings, Brooches, and Lavollieres, Sterling Silver and
French Ivory Tollot Were, etc,
All these are favoritei.
Geo. _. Trorey
Managing Dir.
Oranvllle and
Oeorgia Sti.
A blend of- choice
bill- grown ooflee
only—another cup,
Finest ponlble duality, and lt coeta yon as mow.        j
sold in the' world'e market, The
thing that puzzled the master class
was how to market the goods profitably. The different countries were
in s stato of chaos and confusion,
tho workers being unable tto live
on the wages they were receiving.
Apparently thoy had reached that
stage where capitalism could no
longer guarantoo sustenance to the
slavo. The pooplo would bo compelled to move in their own bohalf.
In Ontario, the Labor Party had
sprung into eiistence. (Appluuse.-)
Tho master class could no longer
gauge publlo opinion. But there
waa much educational work yet to
bo done In Canada bofore the work*
(Continued on page 8)
"The United States has bcen at war on
an average of once in 20 years since thc
Constitution was adopted," says Senator
Calder of New York, "and the object of
each war has been to preserve, the home.
Yet we find that to the majority of people
in that oountry 'home' means little more
than a dwelling for which they are paying
The Vancouver Daily Sun, in calling attention to the fact that the railroad work*
ers in Great, Britain, during the recent
strike, put advertisements in the London
Times, stating the case of the men, says:
"In the heat of industrial strife, it
often happens that the strikers talk
rather   bitterly   of   the   'capitalist
press.'  Thc accusation has very littlo
foundation in fact.   Any newspaper
with a decent regard for its own rep- *
utation will always strivo to get at
the truth and print it.  Much of what
is charged against the nowspaper as
misrepresentation, is really caused by
the inability of cither employer or em- *
ployce—-when in anger—to see things >•
as they are.  A man in a fight has lit- !'
tie patience with thc cool-headed on- <*
looker who is trying to discover what "
it is all about." j*
If the matter that was published in th*
Sun, during recent strikes in the city of
Vancouver, was an honest attempt to get
at the truth, then heavens only knows
what that organ Could print if it evor
became biased against the Vorkors. No
doubt the method of giving the workers'
views by means of full page ads. will commend itself to the commercial instincts of
tlie Sun management, but we cannot say
that we are impressed with the "truth"
as thc Sun editorial staff sees it. There
is no doubt, however, that the workers of
this city will take the Sun's statements
with the usual grain of salt.
We wonder how Borden likes the political prospects these days.
Broadway Table Supply
Phone Fairmont 18 and 19 518 Broadway Eaat
Only the Best Materials Are Used     -
Uadt-irft and Fruit Cakes ..,
, 36o
, 200
Gintf»r, plain, iluscn 16c
Rook  Cokies,  doien 15c
Bootoh Short Bread, doom
Mut Buns and Ten Cukes d»11y.
...ific ,
Malkin's Beat Tu, per lb 00c
Blue Ribbon Tea, per lb BBo
Nabob Tea, ptr lb .60c
Our Best Tea, per lb 60c
Try Oar Bulk Tea, per lb 46c
Malkin's Best Coffee, per lb BOo '
Nabob  Coffeo   60a
Wedding  Breakfast  Coffee  ....66c
Try Our Specie! Coffee, lb 48c
Fry'a Cocoa  „ 85c
Baker's Cocoa 26c
Cowan's Cocoa  26c
Coffee «id Milk  30o
Cheese, por lb. .,	
Kellogg's Corn  Flakes
Dominion Corn Flakes ..
,   26c
, 10c
Libby's Tomato Cat.tup  23c
Tomato Ketchup  20c
Tomatoes,  large  tin,  2 for ....36c
Pi'trl Barley, per lb 10c
Green 1'eas, per lh 10c
Split  Peas,  per lb 10c
White Beans, B lbs. for 2B0
Royal Standard Flour, 4!>-lb. sack
for  $2.90
Five Roses Flour, 49-lb. sack 92.00
Robin Hood, 401b. sack  82.00
Royal Household, 401b. sack 82.09
Wild   Roio   Pastry,   10   lbs 68c
Puffod Wheat  IBe
Puffod Hlce  16c
Hnmkfast  Food,  sack   46c
Health Bran, packet  16e
B. ft K. Wheat Flakea  88c
flrape Nuts  _ ISo
Shredded   Wheat    14c
Roman Ileal 33c
Brooms   86c, 76c, 86c, BBo
Mcintosh Red Apples ..
Aihcroft Spuds	
Highland  Spuds  	
Sunlight Soap, 4 for ..
Klondyke, largo bar ....
Oatmcaf Soar. 6 for ....
Ayrshire  Bacon
Crisco ....
Compound Lard, per lb. ....86c
Malkiu's Best Vinegar  230 .
All Spice, tin  10c
Poppor  10c
Brown and white Vinegar 16c
Libby's  Best Pineapple   360
Suality Pears, large tin  20c
lobe Peari  20c
Van Camp's Hominge 23C
Libby's  Apple Butter 23c
Libby's Happy Vnle Pineapple 280
Vegetable Soup, 8 tins for..26c
Pork and Beans, _ tins for..26c
Clark's Pork and Beans, large
tins  26o
Dclmonte Pork and Beana..20c
Libby's Tomato Soup  lie
Camp Tomato Soup  18e
Magic Baking Powder 20e
Eggo   Baiting  Powder,   1-lb.   tin
for  30c
Malkiu's Best Baking Powdcr..23o
bal.ii on—_«ew  Pack
Yatoh,  largo  26c
Yatoh,  smnll  2 for 2flc
Cocoanut. flne —36c
Royal Excelsior Dates  24a
Dromedary  Dates    290
Chicken Haddle,  regular  80c..26o
Popping Corn  IBo
Crystalled Ginger, half lb. -.SOo
Iwlft OUom*f|ari» will be demonstrated  RKUf aud Saturday.    Oome
in and try tt
Know Thy Dcstiriy
The Study of the Hand.
Science ot Palraiitry,
gives readings daily from 11 to 8.
661  Oranvllle Btreot
A smile comes naturally when wa
meet our friends and acquaintances
face to face, tn our offices, at our
homes or on the Btreet. And wby
should lt not when the wires of the
telephone bring a caller to ust
Make your hello greeting gonial, an
answer that tells just who is talking,
and a tone that reflects both interett
and Attention.
Bank of Toronto
AmMi ont
Joint Savingi Aeooant
AJOINT'BarlBls Account uur bt
opened >l Tho Bank o( Toronto
In tbo now. ol two or mon
persona. In th.!! ooeounU either
pertv mo. ,1m ekevui * or depoelt
monojr. I'or tba dllonat Bonbon
o» » lamllr or a .ra a Joint aeoannt
In ofton a trial eouoalanoa. Internal
la paid on balancn.	
Tancoaror Branch!
Comer Saatlnii ud CatnMa Street!
Braaehaa nt:
Victoria,   Herrltt, Be* Weitulutor
283 Abbott Strict
Men'i Brotherhood
Subject:   "The One Social Order"
Free Tlrat Aid Xecturos Wodnoidayi 8 p.m.
1100 Oeorjia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m, and 7.80 p.n,
Sunday sohool immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
mooting, 8 p.m. Fre* reading room.
901-903   Birks   Bldg.
Dr. H. E. Hall
Oppoflte Holden Block
lart Bail of B. 0. Blictrlo Panel
Phone Se/. ««*»
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Our business Is saving
money for your family and
for you.       , •
Crown Life Ins. Co.
Phone Bey. 710
Prov. Mannger.
Blag op Phone Sermour 8364 foi
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit* SOI Dominica Building
Ur. Union Man, do you boy at •
union itoraf *"
ws_ piDAY. October 81, 1910
eleven™ teab.   No. 44    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tanoouves, b. o.
Wants Your
BEEF (Steer) at 15c per lb. BUTTER
(Creamery) at 58c per lb. BACON at
40c per lb. FISH (Halibut) atrlSc lb.
—Every Article Save a Few Cents
Shop at this, your market, where your trade
is appreciated, and where you get the best of
everything in the eatable line at the right price.
Opposite Pantages—All Cars Stop at the Door
Canadian National Railways
Mine Month' Limit
Tkrougk Tourlat and Standard Sleeping Oare
Datl, Tralna commencing Ootobor 6th
Full Information from
605 Haatiage Si W. VancouTer, B. 0.
Named Show er* frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
AU Show without the UNION STAMP are always HoMolon
Do not MOtpt eay excuse fee stent* ef Uie Union atanp
COLUS LOVBLT, Or mm Preeldent—CHAS. L. BAINS,SeaeralSecTreee.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
1—7 our Pet Ooal for roar underfeed furoac*)
1001 MAIN STRUT Phona 807. 210
A Short History of
the Canadian O.B.U.
So much arrant uousimso haa beon
disseminated ag information concerning the O. B. U. movoment iu
Canada, both by its oppononts and
its admirers and advocates, particularly in the U. 8. A., that the
writer of this series of, articles, who
was a delegate both to tho B. C,
Federation of Labor Convention
and the Western Conforonco, desires to properly sot forth the var-
ious events, in their inter-relation,
as they occurred. To bc wounded
by enemies is natural and is (he in*
evltablo result of battle, but to be
wounded in the house* of one's
friends is more dangerous than any
hurt that can bo imagined. In tho
hope that both our enemies and
friends will receive a little of
evidently much needed enlightenment, these few lines are penned.
around of the Movement
The first annual convention of the
B. C. Federation of Labor, held at
Victoria, B. 0.( ia the year 1911,
endorsed by resolution the principle of industrial organization. Similar resolutions havo been put and
carried at all succeeding conventions of that body until 1918. The
1919 B. O. Federation of Labor
Convontion will be reviewed briefly
lator on.
In 1911 at Calgary (birthplace of
ominous things from A. T. ot L.
reactionaries' standpoint) tho Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, itself, despite the vigorous opposition
of tbe arch wire-puller, F. M.
Draper,, also endorsed by resolution
the principle of industrial organization.
During tho yoar 1912, the Van
couver Trades and Labor Council
circularized all Trades and Labor
Councils aud central bodies on tho
North Amorican Continent, asking
those bodies to discuss and take a
vote, on their position respecting tho
idea of industrial unionism. Many
of the replies received at that time
ware favorablo; yet, caustic enquiries were made of tho Vancouver
Trados and Labor Council by A. F.
of L. officials as to what that body
meant by sending unauthorized letters to labor bodios throughout the
AH thig shows that for many
years a growing appreciation of the
necessity for somo extension 'of thc
almost static struct ure of unionism,
expressed in the organization of the
A. F. of L. existed in the rank and
file. The war conditions, with the
vast speeding up of industry and
the dilution of labor—destruction
of tho alleged skill possessed by
some workers—brought this point
out very vividly. As far as Western Canada waa concerned -it was
felt in 1918 that some steps must
be taken to lift trades unionism out
of the swamp of reaction and inaction into which it had, through time,
fallen. It was more or less clear
ly understood that if industrial eon
ditions and relations persisted in
undergoing rapjd changes, thon, tho
Workers' organizations must nlso
change their form and character to
suit the new needs and requirements necessarily arising out of
these rapidly changing relationships. Consequently, muuy representatives of tho labor movement in
Western Canada went to tho/Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada
(1918), hold in Quebec City, in the
high hope that Congress would
recognize at least some of these
vast industrial changes and attompt
to copo with them. Groat disappointment was tho lot of theso
Western delcgatos, for, far from receiving a sympathetic hearing, they
were ruthlessly denied nny kind of
hearing at all on thoso important
questions. Resolutions which had
boen well prepared and vigorously
discussod by locul unions, and
handed to their delogutes us instructions, were swept aside in Congress
by the autocratic broom of officialdom, tied to the Gompors machine
and blinded by huge banks of governmental fog. So drastic and ovor-
boaring wore the measures and attitudo taken by Coagress officials
that tho wholo of tho Western delegation held fl caucus. This wns in
Soptembor of 1918. Tho caucus decided thon and thero to call a convention of ail trndo union bodies
for some time early in thc next yenr
to decide upon a line of action and
future policy of Wostorn Canadian
Labor. At.that timo the thoughts
of theso delogatcs took them no
furthor than the possibility of hold
ing a Western Conference ahead of
the noxt Congress (1919), deciding
upon the new policy and thon submitting, as vigorously as thoy could,
such policy to Congross, Thus did
the oleetod mouthpieces of the
Western Labor movomont  think   at
Out Bate Prices on
SOe Pmtt-a-tWei  „ lte
|1.60 Scott's CmuUion  11.00
50c Raid's  Safe and Sulphur  38c
Sfie Fir Tablets  --- 16c
BOo Liatol    98c
$1.00 Herptcfde  «7c
30c Hold's Eciema Ointment  29c
80c California  Syrup of Visa 48c
SOo Chain'a Ncrre I'ooil  34o
91.00 II. * L. Florida Water 71e
ftOc Bay  Rum   26c
25o Syrup of WhiU Pin* And Tar.lfic
SOc Orchard White 88c
lOe Dolly Tlntt   Oe
|1.00 H«id'a  By rap ef Hypophoa-
phltei  68o
SOc Cheat's Ointment 43c
$1.00 Liquid Arvon  70o
26c Aspirin Tablets, 1 doi 10c
8  for  Mc
$1.00 Dorlnt Fees Powder  63c
SOc Murvlne    42c
50c Pebeco Tooth Paste  36c
26o Chase's  Kidney  and  Liver Pills
for  -..18c
BOo Diapepsiu  33c
Above Prices Include War Taz
Drug Co.
—BU Item—
406 Hastings  Bt. W Sey.    1065
7 HasllnKs  St. W Sey.    8582
412 Main   St Sey.    2082
782 Oranvllle St Sey.    7013
1700 Oemmerolsl Dr High.    288
Oranvllle aid  Broadway....Bay.    2814
f that time. The rank and file had
also been watching aud thinking
and had decided that some steps
must be taken that -would disentangle them from the government-
owned and corporation-ruled reactionary Congress of tho A. F. of L,
In the meantime a oonvention of
railroad shopmen was held, (com*
prising all workers of all railroad
shops of Canada) and here
the uew note was again struck.
This was in December of last year
(1918). At this convention, covering organisations from the East as
well as from the West, the question
of then and there forming an industrial organization of aQ railroad
shopmen in Canada was defeated by
a majority of only two votes. But
conditions were changing rapidly
and organized workers everywhere,
particularly in the West, began to
recognize the importanue of doing
something in order to prepare for
the inevitable post-bellum conditions. The war had ceased and the
labor market gave unmistakable
signs of declining. The call for the
Western Conferenco had boen sent.
The rank and tile, more especially
tho awakened and nggressive portion, sensed tho need of something
to deal with the problem confronting them, sent delegates to that
convention, and sont also with those
delegates instruction to do what
they required them to do. Herein
can be demonstrated the gross untruthfulness of those who Btate that
the work of the Calgary Conference
was tho work of a few hairbrained
fanatics who uaed the movement to
further thoir own personal views
and ends. Jn the first chapter wo
will twee the work of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, after which
wo can deal with the Western Conferonco.
When the secretory of the temporary 'committee elected by the
western caucus of last year's congress (1919) sont out the call for
a convention to bo held oarly in the
year of 1919 at Calgary, to all trades
and labor councils, labor unions, etc.,
entitled to sit at any such convention, the executive committee of tlje
British Columbia Federation of Labor, in order to provent unnecessary
oxpense to organized labor's ranks,
postponed tho annual convention of
that body, scheduled for January,
and to be held at Victoria, and carried tho convention to Calgary (a
point outsido tho province), so, that
trades and labor councils, labor unions, otc, entitled to" send delegates
to the B. C. Federation of Lubor
convention, could also, if they desired, credential the same delegates
for the western conference.
The B. C. Federation of Labor convention was' held immediately prior
to the western conference. From tha
opening of tho proceedings it could
clearly be obsorved that' no mere
pious resolutions, built out of high-
sounding.phrases, but without nny
real connection with working class.
life, alone should be discussed and
passed. A resolution was placed before tho convontion, right in thc
oarly stages, calling for a complete
change in tho policy of the foderation, asking that tho various resolutions, piled ono on the other throughout the preceding years, should be
made living principles and not allowed to stand as ornamental but
dead letters.
The utter, futility of sending ex-
eoutixe officers over to legislative
houses to havo a half hour's tete-
a-tete onco a year with politicians
who uro not interested in working
class problems was generally agreed
upon, and tho "policy" resolution,
already referred to, asking that this
sweet romancing be done away with
and au effort mado to build up the
strength of the workora in their various industrial organizations, was,
after being thoroughly discussed,
passed with only one dissentient
vote. (There wcro &7 duly credo*
tiailed delegates seated in'tins eonvention.)
It would be a waste of time to
deal singly with all the resolutions
presented from various points, Prince
Ruport, Victoria, Vancouver, Fernie,
the mining centres of tbe metiillj-
forous mining country, and from
many difforeut unions in nil these
centres, asking thnt the federation
come to life and funeiion on behalf
of the affiliated mbmbwship or else
give up thc ghost, und demanding
that an industrial form of organization bc constructed as soon as circumstances would permit. Tn this
connection it might be interesting to
mention the fact that the Vnncouver
Melai Trudes Couneil forwarded a
lottor to the oonvention, staling
thot, by resolution, the secretary of
that body, was instructed (o inform
the convention that the Vancouver
Metal Trades Council desired immediately un industrinl form of organization. That tho officers of this
latter organization have since proved
their utter ineptitude and revealed
their traitorous character by their
actions docs not detract from the
position originally taken.
The committee on resolutions, being faced with the question of reporting on a vast number of resolutions all asking for industrial organization, yet each stressing some
particular aspect, was compelled to
bring a substitute motion covering
all the salient points dealt with by
theso resolutions. Tho substitute
motion was as follows:
Resolved, that this convention
recommend to its affiliated member.
ship that they sever affiliation with
tltoir international organization, and
that steps be taken to form an industrial organization of all work*
ers, and, ?
Be it further resolved, that a circular outlining a proposed plan of
organization bo sent out to the various organizations and that a referendum on tho question be tnken at
the same time.
This resolution was thrashed back
and forth across the floor nf the convention, and finally carried by a
largo majority. Tt was further decided to introduce this question as
a resolution from tho B. C. Federation of Labor on tho floor of tho
western conference, about to convene, and see what the delegates of
the.labor organizations of the other
wostorn provinces thought about it,
It was ulso derided to go ahead
with the new policy in British Columbia, at least as far as a well-
conducted propaganda campaign was
concerned, and with tho actual movement itself, if circumstances warranted it, irrespective of the attitude
of the other wostorn provinces.
The now labor policy was very
warmly debatod upon the B. 0, Fed*
eration of Labor's convention floor,
and a little opposition was staged
by certain reactionaries who would
Ex-Pres. Taft Says the
. Suppression of Free
, Speech and Press
Tbo truth can somotimei b9 found
ini strongs places. It olao emanates
trim tba lips of tboat vrho are leaat
likely to uie it. Not rer, long ago
ex-fye>ident Taft, who mu epeaking
at a (unction where fool and otber
thingi were served to commemorate the aniversarjr of an advertising Inn, made tbo following statement:
". . . Now, of course, publicity
in general is of the highest importance. We flnd it in the statutes, in
the guarantees that insure the right
of freo speech and the right of the
free press. These are essential to
liberty, they are essential to popular government, bocause popular government is run by publie opinion.
It is the influence of public opinion,
of course, flrst through tho ballot,
but oppressed ln another way, and
tho ballot is influenced by the publicity that is furnished to tho voter, or furnishes tho voters the facts
upon which they form thoir opinion
and express themselves through the
ballot. Therefore, it is that, In any
government tbat depends on force
and is a despotism, the flrst thing
those who control tho government
do is to suppress publicity suppross
free speech, suppress tho free pross,
and you can gtingo what a government is by the question whether it
doos that or not."
If tho suppression of froo speech
and; froo press is as tho ex-president
says, tho net of despotism and a government that bases its rulo on force,
what is the position in Canada! Has
free speech and a froo preBs not become things of the past in this country. Not a singlo gathering of labor
men has been held in this eountry
that has not protested against the
curtailment of these liberties. The
Bamo may be said of the, U. S. A. It
is passing strange tbat the ruling
elass does not take a (IchI more eare
with the way its spokesmen .handle
the truth, for on the admission of
ex-President Taft, both Canada and
the V. 8. A. ure ruled by governments that have done the things
which indies' ■ despotism.
642 Granville St.
Pbone Sey. 6110
B|e»ce  Struggle  Among
the Workers to Furnish
e I ^ [Greater Profits
JMtt and women, little'children,
fiyiiiljes, neighborhoods, whole eom-
nin. ifics nre engaged in a lifo and
denth/struggle to secure the necessaries of life. Abovo tho struggle
nro tho privileged ones whose property and special advantages free
Ahem from tho jungle of "civilisation." A recent announcement of
the Now Tork Federal Besom Bank
tells the story of the ease with
which those fortuuato ones secure
their lion's shore of the good thingB
of life.
Commenting on this announcement
tho New York Times says:
'' Tho business of the bank, as reflected in its earnings, hns been pho*
nomenal in the last year. So grent
were tho earnings for tho calendar
year IMS that at the beginning of
tho current year thc management
put .$7,672,676 into surplus account
On March 7, after the Federal Bo-1
serve Aet had beon amended to al-'
low greater surplus holdings, tho
bank expanded this by *12,705,214,,
and on June 80, 410,128,437 wiui,
added to surplus. In consequence,:
that ncconnt, which stood nt $649,- >
36,1 at tho end of IMS, now stands
at *32,02t,0S]."
Horo is a story nf bank surplus increasing from a little over half n
million to more thou .'12 millions iu
loss than a yenr. Meantime the necesssry expenses of the bonk have
boen paid) tho businoss hu been enlarged, and thoso oonneoted with tb*
finances of tho institution have been
properly taken care of.
Below, ln tho struggle, it is hell.
Above, among tho bankers, it is paradise, financially speaking.
Ter record purposes, we desire to
havo ilx copies of Not. 2-16 Ull 11
of tha Striko Bulletins. Readers who
have kept theie copiei will confer a
favor by sending tu thla number of
the above isenea.
Alleged patriots forced eight
members of the I. W. W. to kiss the
flag in a municipal court room at
Baker, Ore., os October 10, and then
the alleged law-abiding polico deported the men from the town.
Mention tho Fedorationist when
you mnko a purchaso at a store.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Lsbor Oonssll
Bead tht Newi 1Mb tht tattle lMnpoils
Subscription prise $2.00 per yetr; $1.00 for Sbt monthi
Address all eommunisatlene te
J. Hourton, Boom 1,030 Vat* Si, Wlaaipef , Kid.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ob* year's anbierlptlM te Tie
B. 0. FftderaMMlet. will bs oilld to
any Address U Canada Ur flT.SOt
(Oeod anywhere outiide st Vsnewsf
elty.) Orter ten today. tmH wheaaoM-,
hnvo surprised everybody hud they
acted otherwise. International organiser., nino appeared svith thcir
ciistoiniiry tactical manoeuvres, but
ull this was brushed atmlo by the
overwhelming mil uro of the vote of
thc representatives of tho vnrious
affiliated bodies.
The advocates of the new policy
wero openly Bnoorod at by certain
reactionaries and the question wob
asked in the closing moments of tho
convention, "Am you go-lug to tho
western conferonco with this policy
and attonipt to nun it down tho
throats of the delegates theref"
How totally out of placo this quory
was will be shown in tlio next sr. mln
dealing with tho westrrn confercnoe,
nnd its attitude on the question of
"severing connections with International unlona and building up an Industrial  organization   of  all  work-
(To be continued)
Land Act
t (        Coast Diatrict, Hanga 1
nriAKI NOTICE that I, Douglas Stew-
I art Clarke of Illunden Harbor, intend
* I to apply to tho Hon. tho Mlnliter of
Lanlda for puriitlaaloD to purchase the tol-
Itufrlnj.  deanribad  lands:
uiminenclng it a pout planted ahout 20
cliitim Houlh of the H. W, corner of
Lot 432 and being at the South Weit
corner of Julia Island, in Blunden Harbor' thence around shore line to point of
cnqiiaencenient, and containing 12 acres
mon. or loss.
Dated Soptembor 15th,  1919.
Land Act
VoMce ef ZateaUSD ts Apply to Fuchsia
land in Vancouver Land District,
■auge l, Coast
TAKE! NOTICJC that I Mary Lorraine
MeBean of Port Progress, occupation
housekeeper, intend to apply for per*
million te purchase the following described  lands:
Commeuelag at a post slanted about 40
ehalne South West of the S. E. corner
Lot 499, thence about fO ehelni North
to Let 439, feeuco 90 chairs Wait,
thenoe aboat 10 chains North to shoreline, theaoo Southerly aud Easterly alone
shoreline te point of ttuiwii-ncL-inoHt aal
containing 900 aores more or lees.
Dated September Btli, 1019.
Men s Paramatta and Tweed
Finished Raincoats
CASHMERE PARAMATTA COAT—Thii eoat it nude ot
an all cashmere top aud back, thoroughly proofed witk
pure rubber; made with regular or raglan shoulder*. Aa
exceptional coat for theae timea.   Price .. ........$35.00
RUBBERIZED RA1NCOAT-A high-grade paramatta rain,
coat, with solid caahmere top and onion baok. Thoroughly proofed with pure rubber. A thoroughly good eoat at
a moderate price   * . ....$23.60
TWEED FINISHED RAINCOATS-Our stook of theu pop.
ular raincoats ia very large. Three of Canada'! beat
makers are represented.' The patterns and eoloringa
shown this season in tweed finished raincoats ar* particularly pleasing.   Sizes 34 to 44. .138.00 to 16040
Men's Oilskin Clothing
BLACK SKITS—Blaok oilskin pants and jacket* in Tower*'
Shield quality.   Jackets fasten with solid brass olasps.
Garment  $3.76      A Suit   .|7.B0
0. K. SUITS—Made of dark olive khaki oilskin, in Tower*'
Fish Brand quality; jackets fasten with solid brass clasps.
A garment $4.90      A Suit  $9.00
LONG COATS, $«;50-A  Tower  coat   of  black  oilskin.
Three-quarter length; reflex front,   fastens   with   brass
0. K. COATS, $7.00—Towors' Fish Brand Coata, three-quarter length; reflex front and fastens with braaa claspe.
HUNTING FROCKS, $«.50-Made of olive khaki oilskin, in
Towers" Fish quality. A short ooat made especially for
the huntsman.
FULL-LENGTH COATS-Long blaok oilekin, in Fl»h quality, no outside pookets; lined collar, reflex front and
fastens with brass clasps.   Prioe, eaeh $7.00
FULL-LENGTH COATS, made in both olive, khaki and
black.   A large roomy coat, with outside pockstt, lined
collar and roflex front.  Price   .$8.00
. MILITARY COAT-An olive khaki oilskin coat, designed
especially for the army transport and motorboat service.
If your work keeps you out in rough weather, you ahould
v/mi i* one of these military coats.  Prioe, eaoh $9.10
—Main Floor.
Better Values h Men's Hats Felt
AT $4.00—A genuine fur felt of good
weight and qunlity and decidedly a
good valuo at onr prico. AU the wanted shinies, iu grey, brown and green;
also iu black; sixes 6 3-4 to 7 3-8.
Prioed at $4.00
MEN'S CAPS—Ours is easily the largest
showing of men's caps in the city. Plain
tweed caps in staple shapes, 76o nnd
$1.26, Dress cups in new shapes, colorings und materials. Prices $1.60 to $2.60
AT $6.00—This is the smartest hat on the
market at a popular prico. The makers' trade-mark, "King," stamped in
every hut. All the popular shapea and
colorings. The hat for men and young
mon.   Prioe ....'. $6,00
TWEED HATS, $3.50-Wc are now ahow-
ing two of tht smartest shapes in tweed
huts at this price. Shown in Donegal
tweeds and shades of brown and green.
Underwear That Recommends Itself
—Light weight. A beautiful underwear that some men elect lo wear nil
the year round.   A garment for $5.*75
WEAR—A beautifully soft pure wool,
double broasted vests, spliced elbows,
knees and Beat    $6.00
TIONS—No belter wool combinations
made. Beautiful fine ciiahnicre. A
suit $8.80
RAMESES DE LUXE-English manufacture, nice line finish, medium weight.
No better wearing wool underwear
made.   A garment.. $4.60
weight. A suit $6.75
UNDERWEAR-Soft, fleecy laraba*
wool, natural finish, heavy weight.   A
garment   $4.60
Combinations, a suit $9.00
Hoavy weight, ideal for outdoor
workers.   A garment $3.75
spltindid qhality heavy . weight underwear, made from pure Australian wool.
A suit for $7.00 and $9.80
Get your ordor in if you want any ot
DAVID SPENCER, LTD. -..     -;■:;.--:_■-     ;   - '■***
eleventh teak.   n.. «     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tancouveb, b. o.
presents one of those golden opportunities so anxiously sought for in these
days of High Oosts. Here is the chance'
to save dollars upon dollars. We are
clearing out all odd sizes and series
and our prices in many instances are
Just half the regular figures for the
Choicest, Smartest goods ln the Oity.
We Aro Selling
In TWEEDS.   Tbe very garments for
thia weather, in a    good    choice
shades, stylet, and sizes,
at tho old-time priceof....
In PLUSH of tho finest, and in
VELOURS of top-notch quality, in
every shade; full length, fully lined.
Grand garments, these, of highest
values, at the wonder- d»0,7 BA
fully low price of.    90 4 iDU
In 811k and In Serge
of wonderful qualities, regularly selling at $26, will he cleared this Month-
end at tho nominal Al A  CA
price of  «P 1 «iOU
In mixtures
—tweeds and novelty fabrics. Reg.
ularly to $0.50,
will clear
at -	
For   this   .Month-end   Clearanco
whole of our
are reduced
Wo are discontinuing selling
and have reduced
the whole of our
present   stock   to
Thoroughly stormproof, will bo
cleared at
$5   HalfPrice
The Parisian
Cloak and Suit Co.
606 Granville
Opposite Colonial Theatre
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Executive committee, President J. 0. Smith, Vice-President E.
Winch, Secretary snd Business Agent J.
0. Wood, Treaiurer J. Shaw, Sergeant it
Arms W. A. Alexander, Trustees W. A.
Pritchard, R. W. Youngish, R. Bakes, W.
ell—Meets second Monday in tho
month. President, J, F. McConnell; secretary, R, H. NoeUnjj, P. 0, Box 06.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 07
—Meots second and foarth Mondays.
President Ju. Hsatings; financial eeentary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
218 Labor Temple,
Local No. 617—Meets every second
and fourth Monday evening, I o'clock,
Lahor Temple. President, J. Bald; secretary, I. J. Temoln, 1228 Georgia East;
business agent and financial seeretary,
0. 0. Thom, Room 201 Labor Temple.
Phene Bey. 7195.	
218—MeeU at 440 Pender Street
west, erery Monday, 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.
recording seeretary. J. Murdock, 440 Pender Street West; financial seeretary and
business agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pander Street Weat; assistant secretary,
F. R. Barrows.
Moris erery Tuesday at 7:80 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, F. G. Phillips; sec-
treas. and business agent, A. C. Russell.
Offlce, 587 Homer street. Phones, Sey.
7495 and 4117.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and 8rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording
secretary, F. E. Griffln, 5419 Commercial
Drive; treasurer, E. e>. Cleveland;
financial secretary and business agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2400 Clark Drivo; office
corner Prior and Main streeta.	
(Teamsters, Warehousemen, Auto Mechanics, etc.)—Meets every Wednesday
at 152 Cordova Btreet East. President,
J. Shaw; aeeretary, C. A. Read, 2344
Prince Edward Street. Ofllce: 162 Cor
dova Street East.
Meets last Sunday of each moath i
2 p.m. President, W, H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; seoretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
in annual convention Jn January. Ex*
cutlve officers, 1918-10: President, J.
Kavanagh,    Labor   Temple,    Vancouver;
    .   vic-presidents—Vancouver Islaad:   Cum*
EKGTXEBRS AND MILL WORKERS— belaud, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Unit of tbe 0. B, V.—Meetings every I Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver.
Monday, 7:80 p.ra., Labor Tempje. Pre- w. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New West-
sident, F. L. Hunt; secretory-treasurer, minster, Geo. McMurphy; Weat Koote-
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tem-   Diy,  Silverton,  T.   B.   Roberts;   Crow's
pie.    Phww, Seymour 6960. j NCBt Pasa, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
HOTEL     AND     RESTAURANT     EM-   Sherman.       Secretary-treasurer,    A.    8.
ployees,   Local   26—Meets   every   fint > Wells, Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St.,
Wednesday in the month at 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday in the montb
at 9:30 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
becretary and business agent, W. Mackensle. dfflt-' and meeting hall, 614 Pender St. W. Phone Sey. 1081. Offlce
hours:   U to 12 noon; 2 to 5.
ers' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilton, 2280 OranviUe Street; secretary
tr ftsnrer, P. J. Snell, 916 Dunsmuir St.
i.UM&Eit   Workers'   industrial
Union of the One Big Union—Affiliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An industrial union of all workers ln
togging and tonitructlon camps. Head-
quarters, 01 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7866. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C;  auditors,  Messrs.  Buttar
U Chlene, Vancouver, B. C.	
Association, Local 38-52—Offlce and
hail, 604 Pender Street West. Meets
flrst and third Fridays, B p.m. Secretary*
Treuurer, Thomas Nixon; Business
Agent, Robert Raisbeck.
Vancouver, B. 0.
and Labor Council—Meets first and
third Wedneadaya, Knights of Pythias
HaU, North Park Street, at 8 p.m, Preaident, K. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
ers. Local 1777—Meets flrat aad third
Mondaya In I. 0. 0. F. HaU, Lower Kieth
Road East, at S p.m. President, W.
Cummlngs, loth Street East, North Van*
waver; financial secretary, Arthar Roe,
210—13th St. W., North Vancouver.
amaLoAmated meat coWerb A-\lt
Bulcber Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meets flrst and third Tuesdays of eaeh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.ra. President,
W. V. Tamloy, 1888 Powell St,; record-
lag aeeretary, William Glbbs, Station B.
P. 0- Vancouver; financial secretary and
insIneiB agtnt, T. W. Anderson, 687
Homer St.	
pattern   Makers    league   of
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch mee's second and fonrth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. Presl-
dent, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vaacouver: financial aeoretary, E. Ood-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording aee-
rfifi?' kD' &f'feUi-M8 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R
o-S1!*.""*: \hjL-  Locffl' Uni""  MA,
Herici 6—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, Oeorge Hansell; financial sec
„2?r "J! bn"n"i »l*nt. M. Phelps;
SSZraA* •«»t*«7-  W. Lee.    Oflfce
aiw-1^7 Ubw *W».
HWPWRl3ifl'"s"LOCAL 1808, VT~ B,
Carpenters— Meete Room 807 every
2ad and 4th Tuesday In each month.
President. J. W. Wilkinson; recording
Wetnry, W. J. Johnston, 73—24th Ave.
» Lnl,W »«Mt«r. H. A. MacdonalJ,
Rwm 212 Labor Temple.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every aecond and fourth Tuesday ia tbe 0. B. U,
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, at 6 p.m. Meetings open to all 0.
B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D.
8. Cameron. Box 217, prince Rupert, B.C.
Pinmu,     PUBLISHER!,'    ITB*
Cnlon Oflei.tl, writ, for pricei.   We
FBIDAT. October 31,
roilow th. Crowd ta Mt
Patricia Cabaret
One block .Ml of Empr.il Thiltro
Interim tkt Itttrt uni kits. ts*
ilitad bp Tbt Brout Jut Bud
Most., i r.m. tt 1
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods cnn only be proound
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finiih,
That Country More Humane Than Laws of
United States
A pamphlet just published] entitled "The Conspiracy Against Mexico," by Arthur Thompson, contains
some,- very useful information, and
throws many aide lights on tho at-
tutude of the United States capitalists towards that country. In spito
of all the press lying about Mexico,
itB constitution will compare very
favorably with tho programme of
any labor party on this continent.
Let us consider tho Mexico of today. Having revolted and oneo more
established constitutional rule, democratized the laud, abolished slavory
and peonage, and established free*
dom of pross and speech, tho people
of Mexico once more iind themselves
face to faco with threatened intervention.
One of tho schemes of the interventionists is to try to make people
believe tbat tho prosent constitution
of Mexico, known as the constitution of 11117, is in no way related to
the constitution of 1857, but is a now
onc, framed mainly with tho purposo
of confiscating all proporty supposedly belonging to foreigners, Americans ia particular. The constitution
of 1!U7 is an evolution of that of
1857; it is a modification and an
enlargement of the constitution of
1857. It waB written with the blood
and tears of the oppressed and exploited peons of Mexico, and it is
without a doubt the most democratic
and humanitarian document in the
western hemisphere; in fnct, outside
of Soviot Russia no country in the
world has taken such a step toward
real liberty.
The principal articles of the constitution of 1917 aro similar to thoso
of the constitution of 1857. What
shquld especially intorest the workors of this and other countries, aside
from tho principal articles, is tho
great attention given to labor and
social welfare by the 1017 constitution. Under article 123 we find
the following:
'' I. Eight hours shall be the
maximum limit of u day's work.
'' II. Thc maximum limit of
night Fork shall be seven hours. Un-
healthy and dangerous occupations
aro forbidden to all women and' to
children under sixteen years of age.
Night work in factories ts likewise
forbidden to women and to children
under sixteen years of age; nor shall
they bo omployed in commercial
establishments after ten o'clock at
III. The maximum limit of a
day'B work for children over twelve
and under sixteen years of age shall
be six hoars. The work of children
under twelve yearB of ago cannot
be made the object of a contract.
"IV. Every workman shall enjoy at loast one day's rest for evory
six days' work.
"V. Women shall not perform
any physical work requiring considerable physical effort during the
three months immediately preceding
parturition; during the month following parturition they shall necessarily enjoy a period of rest and
shall receive their salaries or wage's
in full and retain thoir employment
and the rights they may have acquired under their contracts. During the poriod of lactation they shall
enjoy two extraordinary daily periods of rest of one-half hour each in
order to nurse their children.
VI. The minimum wago to be
recoived by a workmnn shall be that
considered sufficient ... to satisfy the normal needs of the life of
tho workman, his education and his
lawful pleasures.   ...
"VII. The same compensation
ahall be paid for the samo work
without regard to sex or nationality.
"XI. When, owing to special cir-
cumstanccs, it becomes necessary to
increase the working hours there
shall be paid as wages for the overtime one hundred per cent, moro
than those fixed for regular timo.
In no ease shall the overtime exceed
three hours nor continue for more
than threo consecutive days; and no
women, of whatever age, nor boys
undor sixteen years of age, may engage in overtime work.
"XII. In overy agricultural, industrial, mining or similar class of
work employers aro bound to furnish their workmen comfortablo and
sanitary dwelling pluses for whioh
thoy may charge rents not exceeding
one-half of ono per cent, por month
of the assessed value of the properties. Thev shall likewise establish
schools, dispensaries and other services necessary to the community. .
"XIII. Furthermore, there Bhall
be set aside in those labor centres,
whenever their population exceeds
two hundred inhabitants, a space of
land not less than five thousand
square meters for tho establishment
of public markets, and the construction of buildings designed for municipal services and places of amusement. No saloons nor gambling
bouses ihall be permitted in such labor centres,
XIV. Employers shall be liable
for labor accidents and occupational diseases arising from work; therefore employers shall pay the proftr
Indemnity.   ,   .   ,
"XV. Employors shall be bound
to observe in tho installation of
their establishments all the provisions of law regarding hygiene and
sanitation and to adopt adequate
measures to prevent aeeidants due to
the use of machinery, tools and
working materials.   .   .   ,
XXII. An employer who discharges a workman without proper
causo or for having joined a union
or syndicate or for having taken
part in a lawful striko, shall bo
bound, at the option of the workman, either to perform the contract
or to Indemnify him by the payment
of three months' wages   ,   ,   ."
Where on the American continent
asks the author can such laws bo
found! Whore is the state that has
the eight-hour day law on its statute books! Whore is there one that
gives the consideration to the women that the much despised and "ignorant" Mexican gives to his women folk! The pamphlet also goes
into the real reaion for Intervention
in Mexico.
"Take care of the pennies and tho
dollars take care of themselves,"
tan the old proverb. The ansients
mav hire been right, bat how could
* dollar take eare of itself In the
eompeny of tht modern profiteer*.
N. S. W. Workers, Lay
Down Platform fijf
Next Election '"--■
The New South Wales Labor
Party hae Announced its policy for
the coming elections, which aire set
down by elusion of time to take
place about n«t March, but whieh
knight take place as early as November next. It is known that the
prosent anti-Labor Oovernment is in
bad with the doctors, and as their
present position is going from bad to
worse, they may hasten an election
in tho hope that time will save
Tho Labor polioy, as announced
by tho New South Wales Lubor
leader. (Mr. John Storey), is in
keeping with tho Labor policy of
the other Australian states and is,
briefly, as follows:
The cultivation of an Australian
sentiment, based upon the maintenance of racial purity and the development of an enlightened nnd
self-reliant community; the securing
of tho full rosults of their industry
to all producors by tho collective
ownership of monopolies and the ox-
tension of the industrial and oconomic functions of the Stato und
municipality. It is proposod to apply collective ownership as fast as
tho pooplo will permit by the endorsement of a constructive programme at oach election and thus
to march towards tho institution of
a co-operative Commonwealth. 'The
poople will bo consulted at each
successive stage of the evolutionary
It is proposed to cut out all waste
and cxtruvngance in every possible
direction. State governors and elective parliamentary chambers are to
go first, and thon state competition
with private onterpriso in social
functions will bo eliminated. Thc
best business experts will be appointed to advise the governmont in
this work in order to ensure efficiency.
Taxation is to be lightened whero
possiblo, especially off the backs of
thoso who do tho actual production,
while unproductive capital, speculative inv-CBtmcnt, and absentee investments will be called on to mako
greater payments in tho form of
Educational facilities are to, bo
extended in all directions, from [the
primary schools to the universities;
art, science and literature are to be
oncouraged. AU red-tape and jfol*
stlized idoas aro to bo out out, and
education is to bo absolutely nee.
including all books for study and
other oducational requisites.
Health activities aro to be nationalized, including government
maintenance of all hospitals, belter
pay for nurses, medical examinations for all school children, I encouragement to workers' childroi to
study medicine, and the nbolitioh of
oxorbltant doctors' and undertakers'
charges. A ministry of motherhood
is to bo established, suitablo information given to prepare them ' for
the great work and responsibilities
of motherhood. Maternity hospitals
are to bo established, and assistance
givon to womon bofore and after
child-bearing. Adequate protection
is nlso to bc mndo for unmarried expectant mothers, and responsibilities
thrust on the fathers of such chil- j
dren which they escape at presont |
whon tho ' unfortunnto girls aro
thrown to the tender mercies of a
hard world. An effort is to bo
mado to reduce infantile mortality.
Provision is also to be mado for
widows, deserted wives, tho aged
and infirm, also tho caro of young
children. Pensions are to be increased to cover the increase in the
cost of living—for old persons, invalid and infirm persons, and returned crippled and maimed soldiers.
The Labor Party proposes, if
olected, to establish an adequate
standard of living, and make it
mandatory that no wagos be paid
below that level. Efforts are also to
be made to deal with that greatest
of all problems—industrial peace—it
being claimed that if effective
wages wero paid with due eheek on
profiteering, in order to give the
workers some reasonable spending
power with their money, much or
Registered in sccordunce with th.
Copyright Act.
This modern vsrb. denottnr the
active spirit thtt Is behind mod-
era movement—tke restless induitry thst Is at tke bottom of the
blf accomplishments of this day—
is a good word to «ultlv*t*—to
think about—to set npon. Hslf-
heartednesa gets nowhere. Indifference Is the secret tf falhire.
Bat to eottuie ts to saeceed. To
•nthuie Is to throw one's heart
sad soil lato the taak st hand—
all tke energy and sll the ley of
living tnd teooMplishtnf. To ea-
thue efleientty one must be vl-
brant with life and health. With-
nt teeth ia yerfiet eendltloa such
«aWrtnt health Is aot possible.
Compute success—-100 per eent.
eieUney—is, therefore, aet pouible without perfect teeth.
It Is cheeper, more eomforteble,
more ittlsftetery—te live with
good teeth. Let me keep yoer
mouth whole or mske It is.
Dr. Lowe
Flnt Dentistry   *
PMm 8.7. tut
Oppttttt Wo«award's
Where Is vour unton Tmtton?
bEomoalcaL Th* Coupons wUck
fc otrrltt-.redttmtblt for Boote!
MMn ••*!•• fvrtlwr aconooy.
tho present industrial unrost would
automatically disappear.
Water conservation and irrigation
is to bo pursued, while a huge
scheme of effective land settlement
on easy terms, is promised. All land
not put to use where it could be
used—in the hands of private speculative landholders—is to be heavily
taxed. In purchasing privato
estates for land scttlemont, tho prioe
to be paid will be tho price at
whieh the owner had himself valued
it for taxation purposes, and not at
the price he would ask when he
knows tbat the govornmont wishes
to buy. Sural banks are to be
established with power to issue
bonds against rural mortgages.
Technical and financial assistance
will also be afforded settlors on the
land, and co-operative credit societies will be established for tho purpose" of making short-period loans.
Wheat and other grain production is
to be encouraged by tho guarantee
of a minimum prioe, which will
make it profitable for farmers to
grow, while stops will bo taken to
effectively market products.
As regards mining, all mines
necessary to the public intorest will
bo nationalized. Better wages and
conditions will also bo laid down
for miners, and small mining com-
prnies protected from the crushing
exploitation of tho larger companies
and middlemen.
A comprehensive scheme of railways is announced, with the opening of new ports along tho coast;
hydro-electric energy is to bo developed; public hiRhwnys aro to bo
constructed; water and sewerage
schemes provided for country towns;
nnd in every possible way tho most
advantage is to be inado of tho
natural resourcos of tho oountry.
Profiteering and exploitation is to
be effectively dealt with, whilo tho
following aro to bo nationaliied:
Monopolies, arteries of trade and
commeroe, public credit, communal
safeguards against risks, insurance,
etc., public light and powor services.
National industries nro to be established such as: Stato fanning implement works, state wtro netting
works, atate agency for thc sale of
oversea products and co-operative
distribution of primary products.
Industry is to be regulated by allowing workers a say ln the control of the various works, and other
methods of bringing the worker
closer into touch with his work, for
his'own and the public benefit. The
profiteer is to be gaolod where It
can be found that he is dealing unfairly with the public, while all
cornering of food supplies will be
Other reforms indicated are democratic management in industry,
housing schemes, better conditions
of labor especially for women, adequate policy for returned soldiers,
simplification of law procedure, and
reforms in the public service
There is every indication that
when the appeal is mado to. tho
poople, tho Labor Party will lo returned to power with an overwhelming majority.
A newspapor coming from Vladivostok reports that Dr. Sun Yat Sen
is conducting a Bolsheviki propaganda in China. Wo recall his wise
words in declining the presidency of
tho Chinese republic in 1912: "If at
the outset of the career of our Chinese revolution, wo do not tako
thought to defend ourselves against
the establishment of capitalism .then
in the very near futuro a new despotism, a hundred times more terrible than that of tho Manehu dynasty awnits us, and rivers of blood
will be required for our deliver*
Spokane — The lumberjacks of
Eastern Washington, Idaho and
Montana, who went on striko nearly
two weeks ago ngainst an increnso
of 25 cents a day in the price of
board and a charge of .1 a weok
for the use of blankets, are standing
firm, according to officers of tho L.
W. I. U. No. SOO. Latest reports
from all over the strike zone show
the situation well in hand and fow
scabs working.
Our advertisers support the Foderationist. It Ib up to you to support them.
The Royal Ban!
of Canada
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,(W
Capital Paid-up ..__ ....$ 16,000,00
Reserve and Undivided Profits ......$ 17,000,00
Total Assets $460,000,0«
690 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britii
Weit Indiei.
Alto branohei in London, England; New York Oity an
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branohei in"Vancouver:
Main Office—Cornor Hastings and Homor Streets. _
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Oranvillo and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Streot and Broadway WeBt.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Qranvllle and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street,
2010 Yew Stroot.
Corner Eighth Avenuo and Main Streot.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 25th Avenue Branch,
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 othi
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opons an account on which interest is paid half-year)
at ourrent rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
0, W. FBAZEE, Vancourer,
Supervisor f or B. (
Tobacco Redeemer
Reli.T.1 .11 crivlnt for clxiri, ctf.r*
ettei, pipe, chewiu*- tobacco or muff;
gn.rsnt.eil to cnr. or money bsck.
Pnll lre.tni.nt $10; tri.l treatment
92.    PoiUge p.id to ftnr sddrese.
Aildnu:    fatten mde.mer, I1SS
Walts, St., Onth VincouTir, B. 0.
dutiti' PhoMi Sty. M01-M0!
OflN Phont lip. (if I
Bttts 70e ptr Dtp sad ap
Is.JO ptr Wttk u
444 OARaALI, IT. VAXOOima,
Oppoilte B. C. Electric Beltway Gen
on a garment
is equal to my
signed cheque.
Both stand
FuU Value!
IflWhen I place the Robinson Label on a suit or overcoat. I guarantee the
style, cut and material of the garment to be absolutely satisfactory to the
wearer, or I return his money.
flf My Label stands for even more than good
quality and superior workmanship. It
stands for a saving to my customers of
£10 to £15 on every suit or overcoat.
flFor over six years I have been underselling all competitors by operating in low
rent upstairs shops. In that short time I
have secured more than 200,000 satisfied
customers. When you see my customers
on the street you wonder at the smartness
of their dress.
My Upstairs Price
at a Saving to You
If Labels Were Worn on the Outside of Clothes, You'd Know
the Smart Dressers Bought Theirs at Robinson's
"There's a Verdict"
Modtol dothi
frm Ike finest
mlUt In Bit-
lend, Ireland
and America.
—In loot, etery
toot totality
fatrle modi.
The LarVe*!   Exclusive^)
Coast to Coast
xClofhicrj  in Canada
Hastings and
Richards Sts.
// yoa ean du-
plicate Ikeie
clothes elsewhere for less
than 110 more,
cane hact\ and.
I'll iladly
fund your]
money. ...October 31, IMS
eleventh yeab.   ite. u     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, a a
Youn? Men's
:   Ulsterettes
A new assortment of Tweeds, beautiful
rich^reens, browns and grey mixtures.
The coats are all hand-tailored and can
never be duplicated again at the price.
112 HasJ-inos ShWash
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
H«ia Thar An, Indexed rat Ton
Mr. Union Man, Cut TUB Out ud Oivt It ta Tour Wife
.  Banks
Buk of Toronto, Hastings ft Gambia; Viotorla, Merritt and Now Weit-
1    minster,
loyal Baok o( Canada, M Branches In Vaneourer, 80 in B. C.
-Pbone Fairmont H
ltdallt Limited....
A. Plett™;.^..
...611 Hastings Stroet West
_—.Hastings Street West
■potent Billiard Parlor-- „u™_
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)...-..........
.—..ia Hastlnga Street Eut
...............Hustings Stroot Best
oodwin Shoe Co., ._
lgledew Shoe Store...
Boots and Shoes
iohneton's Big Shoe Storo...
K" Boot Shop 
'odelay Skfa Co_; .......
ierre Paris.- ___._— 
'm. Dlek Ltd.....	
knk Buffet..
aelma Cafe...
ocadero Cafo.
-—.—. — 119 Hastings Street Bast
.—............„_ ;.. 606 OranviUe Street
 ........400 Hastings Streot Wost
— -.819 Hastings Streot West
 1047 Oranrille Stroot
 64 Haatinge Street West
. .'. .Hastings Street East
. Corner Hastinga and Homer Streeta
  - 04 Hastings Street East
 156 Hastings Stroet Wut
fllar A Coe. Ltd..
China ware and Toys
—...  41* Hastings Street West
| Doro and all Union Label Cigars
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
noM ft Quigley...
(bb ft Stewart _
O. Outfitting Co.....
0. Tailoring Co.......
. Diok Ltd...
..540 Granvillo Street
-.309-315 Hastinga Street West
...341 Hastings Stroot West
is. Poster ft Co, Ltd	
i. Postor ft Co, Ltd.
. Harvey Ltd,___
i Jonah-Prat Co...
' Tork Outfitting Co..
Skson 'a........ ,,., «......;
■id Sponcer Ltd..—.-.-.
B. Brumitt...
 128 Hastinga Street East
 ... 33*49 Hastings Street East
 514 GranvUle Street
 845 Hastings Street West
..125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. C.
 401 Hastinga Stroet West
 — 143 Hastings Street West
 820 GranvUle Street
 —,.„,. „„,, .„ Hastings Street
i ft McBain..,
pdwards Ltd...
...Cordova Street
...Granville Street
, Cuthbertsons ft Co..
|tor Clothes Shop...
..Hastings and Abbott Streets
..Granville Street and Hastings Street
.....112 Hastings West
tiinton Clothes Shop, Lt Corner Hastings nnd Bichards
J. Kerfoot .5. ;  156 Hastings Streot Eajt
K. Book    117 Hastings Stroet West
|k ft Co, Ltd 029 Main St, Soymonr 1441 ud 465
donald Marpole Co.— .................................................1101 Main Street
per Valley Dairies...
..8th Avenuo and Yukon Street
; Brett Anderson and Douglas Cassulinan.............. 602 Hastings West
IW. J. Curry    301 Dominion Building
Gordon Campbell --   Cornor OranviUe and Bobson Stroets
H. E. Hall  19 Hastings Stroet East, Soymour 4042
Lowe - Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
Grady. - Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
Ik Buffett	
lannla Boor ...
Tade Boer. ...
Sol Wost 	
picia Cabnrot	
1 Boy Hotol	
ii—Soft Drinks...
I Bros—	
...Cor Hastings and Homer Streets
....Westminster Brewery Co.
..Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
...444 Carrall Streot
 .  .411 Hastings Street East
 II..M..I —.-... . ...67 Cordova Streot Wost
..............——.——....——409 Dunsmuir Streot
,..................„....„..._._.......... .Ciders and wines
ficouver Drug Co ..  .Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
iious Clonk ft Suit Co. .......„•. ....023 Hostings Street West
fdon Drysdalo Ltd,.--— -...Granville Street
[wn Bros. & Oo. Ltd.. .........48 Hasting! East and 728 Qranvllle Street
Funeral Undertakers
[iter & Hanna Ltd. 1049 Georgia, Soymonr 2425
inn Thomson & Glegg. ».».......«.«. 631 Homer Streot
listings Furniture Co « .41 HaatingB Streot West
Il-Vnn Market.....................^ HaBtings Street Opposite Pantages
Haters" (threo stores) Hasting*, Oranvillo nnd Main Streets
T, Wallace Marketaria 118 Hustings Street Wost, Seymour 1200
jodwards Hastings nnd Abbott Streets
oncers Ltd : Hastings Streot
fcadway Table Supply .
518 Broadway East
Uf Dear Brother Nematlt
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: Pardon
the liberty of an humble unit who
dares claim kin with- an exalted be*
ing in whose hands rests the destructive power of vengeance. Knoweat
thou not, oh God of vengeance that
thy future is governed and control-
led by thy past. You may live to
modify thy deep-rooted desire for
vengeance, but thy power and influence as a reformer ie hopelessly destroyed.
My object in criticizing your article was for the benefit of a movement which ia dearer to me than
life. I have lived down my hatred
of ray brother man, and credit hito
with the sincerity- and honesty of
purposo X claim for myself; all men
act true to thcir own conscience, as
you do in your writings.
In the everlasting struggle for my
daily bread, I meet all classes and
conditions of men, and can assure
you tho rovolution is a very real
menace tp present day conditions;
decent, quiet, law-abiding citizens
will enthuse as if an inspiration had
transformed thom into patriots as
vrith earnest, serious voice they
whisper, it's coming!
Did the lowly Nazarene advocate
hntef He counselled love thine enemies, and the path of lovo is the
road the truo leader must' follow.
Let Cupid tuno your harp to bis tender, passionate song. Do yob seek
notorietyf Then play on the cord of
hate, but it were dangerous in face
of 'the universal unrost. Dovote all
your eloquence and energy to destroy the system, but iu the name
of humanity, don't stir up the passions of hatred and - malice among
the masses.
In abusing the capitalist, you arc
pounding an effect. Come out and
deliver an honost blow to destroy
the cause, our present commercial
There-are two words in your reply
to which I take exception and must
correct, namely, reaction and retreat. In nature all is movoment,
and all movement is progress/There
is no condition of going back or
standing still. This is contrary, to
nature, therefore, misleading and
wrongly expressed.
Also remember all human life is
parasitic. Each draws from nature.
His or her portion, each incapable
by their efforts of producing to satisfy their animal wants and all essential to complete the work of nature 'a great purpose, which today is
shrouded in mystery.
When two school boys agree to
settle their dispute by an appeal to
the law, of tho junglo, you may'earn
tho gratitude of both by preventing
the flght, but blaming one and ap'
plauding the othor will secure you
one lifelong, bitter enomy and the
other will question your ulterior motive in interfering.
When a dewdrop becomes detach-'
od from the mountain, aud starts on
its course to the valley, it takes thc
road Of all nature, not the straight,
narrow road of the Jehovah worshipper, but tho Una of least resistance.
It may taJco ytfan in ita winding,
timid' eare-froe course, gathering
here a little, there a little, until it
becomes an irresistable force in na-
ture overlapping all barriers and
transforming all obstruction, unconsciously t*> the work of n freer forward movement, strengthened by
their co-operation all move forward
to that open, free exchango of ocean,
where all shall mingle, united, one
class, ono creed, one raee.
Don't hang on the outskirts and
advocate the O, B. TT., but become
a unit in overalls; earn your laurels
in tho only way possible, by working
among us and in the sweat of thy
brow, earn thy bread, not a preacher
of the word, but a door of good,
honest work, and with mo hasten
tho day when the laurel shall be
torn from the brow of your mythical
god and tenderly placed on the now
suffering, blooding heads of tho living, truo gods, man and woman.
(Note by Editor—For the information of our correspondent, "Nemesis" is a worker, and has been aU
his life. He, thereforo, sees it from
that viowpoint. But all workers at
this time cannot work in industry in
the city.—Ed.)
'   ,11
Present Scale Is Insufficient and Relief Not
Labor Has Representative
on Staff and G. W.
V. A. Objects
Cheques totalling in all 044,000.00
have during the paat been forward*
ed by the Workmen's Compensation
Board to one hundrod and seventy
widows whose husband* were killed
in industries in this provinee and
whose claims wero adjusted between.
January i, 1917, and July 1, 1919.
These payments were authorized by
an amendment to the Workmen's
Compensation Act put through by
the provincial government at its
lost sossion, and in spite of the faet
that this same nmondment was with*
drawn at tho previous session, owing to the opposition offered by the
B. C. Fedoration of Labor. The officers of the federation taking the
stand that if the employers were so
anxious to see the money paid out
in compensation remain in the country they should employ white people.
And becuuso of tho fact that it was
tho introduction of tho principlo of
discrimination between tho different
races, which had been eliminated
whon tho bill was ilrst drafted. Labor also took tho position that if it
was necessary for the amount of
compensation to bo raised, thon it
should bo raised without the resorting to deducting anything from the
paytaonts of Asiatics or any other
This-amendment, while not making any specific monthly increase in
tho awards to dependents under the
act, provides that where dependents
aro aliens residing outside of Canada, the board may, in liou of award,
ing tho usual scale of compensation,
award them such lesser sum according to conditions and cost of living
in such foreign country, as will
maintain them in a like degree of
comfort as the statutory award will
maintain dependents here.
-The board having made an investigation into the cost of living
and other conditions in foreign countries, has arrived at a basis for the
payment of alien dependents residing
abroad. Due to the substantial difference in the standard of living in
the Orient, and that of Canada, there is necessarily a large saving, and it is tho amount thus saved
that ia boing distributed amongst
the dependents here. Inasmuch as
thero ia the saving of five half-yearly payments, there is naturally a
larqo amount to distribute this time,
Futuro divisions will be mado at the
end Ot each half year. While it Is i overdue, and the claims of efficiency
true that o, considerable sum la ba* muf * *b°' *» contidered. Tho ap-
t_ii L-. •*  . - Ipointot of the board la capable of
filling   the   position,   haa   speolal
knowledge gained through  export
ing distributed amongst the widows
~~M children is this case, tho faet
(he present rates are too low
deneed by the increased eoat
ing and no corresponding in-
erease haa been made in the compensation allowance, and thia relief
frmn the situation is not by any
means a permanent thing, but de-
pwndf altogether on the number of
jilimrs killed in the provinco whoso
dependents reside abroad. Ther
amount of compensation for widows {
should be increased to a considerable
extent, and- so should the amount allowed for children and all children
should be provided for who aro under the age of sixtoen years, where
.under the present act as it now
stands, only four childron are allow-
cd for. The cost to tbe industry
has not been raised by the payments
now being made, and while the employers will no doubt use the increase given by the deduction from
alien dependents, as an argument
against increued allowances, tha
compensation aet now in force haa
reduced the eoat of Industrial accidents to the employors of this
province considerably from the cost
under the old aet, and at the aame
time given greater protection to the
workers, through the safety-first
clauses of the act. The eost of living has not yet shown any inclination to come-down, and the immediate increase of the allowance to
widows and children, and in the percentage of wnges to those incapacitated from following their occupations through industrial accident
should be made. Other amendments
to the aot will be asked for by labor,
and. are necessary in order to make
the act more effective and efficient.
Just recently a member of organized
labor has beon appointed as claims
adjuster, the G. W. V. A. has, ac^
cording to press items, protested
against this'appointment betanse he
is not a feturned man. While" recognizing tho returned men's claims for
employment, if must also be recognized that labor, which has many
roturned men in its ranks, has some
claims, and that tho appointment of
n labor man on the staff is long
Be Klmberley Strike
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Just
to let you know that we boys of
Kimberley are still on the job, and
we are suro having a gay old time.
We had a visit from Bray, and he
helped to cheer us up somo. Tou
know that thore is a <y>mplcte absence of variety up hero, and a person becomes a little despondent at
times, there being a complete absence of all the hum and lifo that a
large industrial bnttle of the size of
the Wlnnipog struggle; but bolieve
me, it is a pretty hard fight, and
quite often you feel that there
should be something to take your
mind off the struggle, but it is tho
fate of all tho slavos in isolated
places whore the capitalists are groping for oto profits. Tho company
is still trying to ship in strikebreakers, but so far navo only succeeded in getting about six mon,
outsido the fow local mon who are
working, but wo navo now a full-
fledged professional strike-breaker,
and ho is using nil tactics, gun included, to hold the scabs on the hill,
but in spito of him, they aro pulling j
out one by one. When they run in,
the scabs last Sunday from Cranbrook. thoy run them up the hill in
autos. A bunch of the boys got together and went up tho hill to Bee if
we could persuade thom to quit, going up the hill, we met tho superintendent coming down. He tried to
stop us by telling us if we put one
foot off tho Governmont road ,thero
would be proceedings taken ngainst
us. Ho was told to get out of tho
road ,and let us go on. We got up
to tho bunkhousc, and all wo could.
got to talk to us were two men, one
of whom promised us he would not
work, and has since quit and gono
away. The othor told us that ho
was a martyr to the cause of Labor,
and had been in jail in Winnipeg,
and he had enough and was out
here to mako a home for himself.
He said his name was Hays. He has
since turned out to be a professional
strike-breaker, and is trying to hold
the men on the job with gun play
and some help from the superintendent and the mino forcmou, one of
whom, W. Lendourg, is using his private car to pull strike-breakers from
Cranbrook to Kimberley. Wo also
had the other foreman, F. Fortier,
(who is a returned man), and the
head bookkeeper come down to Kim-
borloy to take up the furniture of
an alien enemy by the name of Miko
Tonie. This man is living in a two-
room shack with his wife and four
childron, with 20 to 30 chickens and
two pigs underneath tho shack.
So far thoro is no sign of a settlement ,ns the mon are determined to
stand firm for whnt thoy came out
for. Tho following men are unfair
to organized labor: F. Fortier, fore
man, who is doing mining, motor
and every other kind of work, alao
E, Montgomery, superin ton dont, doing all kinds of work, W. Lindsay,
foreman, at tho tunnel working
around; J. Jackson, bookkeeper; A,
Ward, timokcoper, W. Hilton, police,
hired by the company, Clark, a returnod man, H. Logan, enrpentor.
Wo notice that tho O. C. M. & S.
Co. are advertising in tho Nelson
Nows for the letting of contracts at
tho Sullivan mine, so govern yourself accordingly, as the boys hero
are Still on striko.
Crown Life...
Birks Ltd	
..Rogers Building
...Granville and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H, Malkin  -(Malkin 'a Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. .'....(Turner Beoton & Co., Victoria, B. C.)
Hunter-Honderson Paint. Co — 642 Granville Stroet
flicks-Lovick Piano Co .:   1117 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan & Brookhouse - Labor Temple
Clolland-Dlbblo „    Towor Building
...518 Hastings West
Angoll Engraving Co - -	
A. H. TimmB a 228-230—14th Avonue East
White & Bindon...,. : .:. ....528 Pender Street West
P. G. E..
 and the	
-O. N. B.
...Hastings Streot West
J. A. Flett... ajM^*************t^**...______mt-o_ma*____m
Martin, Finlayaou & Mather. Hastings Street West
Theatres and Movies
Empress -..  Orpheum  Pantages
■vug*    |amro     .uivHgu    vAha/wsa.-
enee. and has a thorough knowledge
of the aet, and in addition understands labor'a position towards tho
aet and ita administration. The non.
sense about tho participation ia tho
24-hour itrike ia token caro of by
the fact that tho individual in queatlon, T. Fawkes, was not in the eity
during the atrike, and did not have
anything to do witk it, and if ho
did, what about it any way? Surely
men eaa itrike without the sanction
of the G. W. V. A. or is thero another organization in the city that
would like to run labor affaire to
suit ita purposes and*viows.
Washington,—The action of varloua union locals throughout the
country in engaging in strikes without authorization of their international officers are viewed with, alarm
bordering on panie by high labor
officials, members of the cabinet and
congressmen alike, who gee in them
| a bad symptom.
Where Is your union butt ont
Men'i Hatters tnd Outfitters
630 OranviUe Stntt
619 Hastlngi Stroot Watt
Rob Roy
Kod.ra—Ewy CanTtDitnct
Hot mi Cold Water ia E.ety
Pr.pri.trHt:       MRS.    WRIOHT
Idle of tb. Victor Hotel
How About
Your Raincoat?
Our Raincoat stock is just about
complete. We have just what you
are looking for—your model and
pattern. The price is easily within your reach
$10 to $35
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Comer Homar Btreet
A. H. Timms
Show and Commercial Printer
Wl 90 THB ____. VABIETT OF
228-230-14th Ave E.
Vancourer, B. C.
Protect Your
ity Envelope
_ ..."
I    Safeguard Your Job
AS individuals and as
Unions, Canadian
workers have taken their
full share of previous
Victory Loans.
The Victory Loan 1919
should also receive your unqualified support, because it
means more to the workers
than to any other class of
This Loan is for the purpose
of maintaining our industrial
prosperity, upon which continued employment depends.
Much of this Loan will be
used to give credit to those
countries who want .to buy
from us, and whose orders
would keep our factories, mills
and work shops busy.
j   We can't afford to lose these
It means unemployment if
we do so.  .
So buy Victory Bonds, and
tell your fellow-workers to do
This money is all spent in
Canada. It returns to our
workers in the shape of wages.
Each man must protect his
own pay envelope.
Boost for the Victory Loan.
Put all your savings into it.
Victory Bonds pay almost
double the interest of Savings
Banks. Your firm will help
finance a big block of Victory
Bonds and pay for them in
We don't want unemployment in Canada—and Victory
Bonds will help prevent it.
Protect your pay envelope—
Buy Victory Bonds
ItHno hy Canada'1 Victory Loan Commltte*
in oo-operutioit with tlio Mlnintor of Finanot
of tho Dominion of Canada. 'PAGE FTGHT
ELEVENTH TEAT!.     No. 44
They are all Priced on the Non-delivery basis.
Our self-serving plan also contributes largely to
the eliminating of all unnecessary expenses.
Why not become a regular customer, and reap
the advantages of low prices?
Mb. gnck Eobin Hood Whoat-
Jotn  43c
Clark'h Plum Pudding, por
tin 18c
Cottage Peanut Butter, per
glass  25c
C. and S. Coffee (Seal Brand),
Mb. tin  Wc
Wagstuffo's Mixed l.emon,
Orango and Citron Peel, per
box (lib.)  ...400
Quaker Tomatoes, 2.1b, tin
(or  14c
Shelled Almonds, half-lb 35c
White Star Icing Sugar, per
pkt !..'. lie
Nabob Icing Sugar, pkt 13c
Lily Whito Syrup (5-lb. pail),
for  63c
Smnll Camution Milk, tin.. 7c
Cowan's JjJaglo Sweet Choco-
late, per cake lJM/aC
jjPaciilc Milk, per tin....lOC I
Maple Loaf Milk,   lnrge    tin
for lli/jc
Moor's Cream Whipper,   por
bottle  12c
Georgo.   Washington    Coffee,
per tin  32c
Libby's Olive Oil, bottle....32c
B.   aud   K.   Wheut   Flakes,
large pkt 30c
Braid's Best Tea, per lb 58c
| No, 1 Japan Bice, lb 14c |
Libby's Apple Butter, per
'in 21c
Delmonte Pork und Beans, por
tin  16e
Clark's Spaghetti (with Tomato and Cheese), tin....13c
Stanley's Lemon Curd, per
g'aas 45c
B. C. Puro Honey (eitractod),
per glass 33c
Grape Nuts, per pkt 13c
Cream of Whent, per pkt...23c
Rogers' Golden Syrup, 5-lb.
tin 47c
Tomato Ketchup,  per  gallon
tin  50c
Excelsior Dates, per pkt.....22c
Bluo      Ribbon      Evaporated
Peaches, por pkt 19c
Woodward's Choice Tea, 31b.
pkt $1.00
Woodward's Better Ten, Mb.
for  54c
Libby's or Clark's T'omn-
to Soup, per tin 10c
Lipton 's Ten, per lb 64c
Aunt Jemima's Pancake Plour
pkt 10>/ac
Quaker    Pulled   Whent,   por
pkt 18c
Humsay's  Sodn  Biscuits,  per
pkt 26c
Purity   Shaker   Table   Salt,
per carton  lie
Club House Lunch Olives per
bottle  21c
Crystal White Soap,   flvo
large bars  29c
Crescent Mupleine (2-oz. sizo)
per bottle  S7c
Finest Almond Pasto (half-
lb. pkts.)  .'...38C
Bournvillc Pure Cocoa, half-lb.
tins  ._ 45c
Milk   (Borden's)
Reindeer   Coffee   and
per tin
Reindeer Cocoa and Milk, per
tin   , 14C
I Mnybloom Tea, por lb...60c I
Caloy's Cocoa, half-lb. tin..42c
Roynl City Tomatoes, 2»i-lb.
tin  17c
Bowes'  Powdered   Eggs,  per
tin 39c
Crisco, per tin  37c
Wagstaff's Raspberry Jam, 4-
lbs $1.05
Quaker Pork and Beans, in
Tomato Sauce, 20-oz. sizo
for  12c
ubb & Stewart
EaUbllihsd so Team
20th Century Bmnd Suits and Overcoats stand
second to none in Canada. See our windows for
the new models.
Men's Hats and Furnishings—a full selection.
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Sweater Coats.
Boys' Clothing and Furnishings—the best in the
■•the butter that carried
off the honors at the
New Westminster Fair
—In open competition with ill the creameries of British Columbia.
Sweet, tasty, delicious, freshly churned—
made by dairy experts—regularly used in
the best homes of the city.
Delivered to your home by our regular daily
Phone Fair. 1000 t
1 order your supply
for neit week—or ordor
frau our man wben be
Fraaer Valley
Dairies Limited
Eighth and Yukon StreeU
1'llOM*: FAIB. 1000
fresh Churned        « f tjV
ruuitmurnfutnMgttjruM, VJwow.it.
cm von
Exposes   Dealing   With
Hun by British Against
Soviet Government
Commander Kcnworlhy, member
of tJ'C British House of Commons,
recently made the following statement:
"In the spring of this year a British man'of-wfir was sent' to Libau
J take a pro-Gorman prince—who
had bcen working far Gormany for
two yenrs—and his army of rapscallions ami swashbucklers to join tho
army facing Potrogrnd. . . , After the surrender of tlie Turks, wo
sent a floot through the Dardanelles,
under the British naval officers, still
technically at wnr with tho "baby,
killers/ 'to enter into negotiations
with the German comiimndors of thc
troops there, to form a common front
ngainst the Russians. Then, it was
snid that one of tho reasons why we
must go on was because tho Bolsheviks were pro-German."
Commander Kenworthy will be
clasHed us a Bolsheviki, if he keeps
up to these kind of statements and
exposures of ruling class humbug and
Hip, Hip, Harraht
■ Next week will bo the home*
coming of George B. Howard, and
to suy that we will all be tickled to
death to have him with us again,
would just be wasting time, for
aside from being one of the cleverest actors in his profession,'George
is one of the most lovablo fellows
that the show business has ever
known, and actors, stage hands,
ushers, musicians and overy other
attache of tho theatre,' as well as
the thousands of patrons who pass
through its doors evory week will
bo on th job to see that George
gets a real honest to goodness welcome from way down deep. Nat
Goodwin's greatest piny, "The Gold
Mine," is the one Mr. Howard ho-
lected for his opening play, and ho
could not have picked a greater ono,
for it contains both laughter and
tears in superabundance, and also
has thoso atmospheric touches of
real human naturo that makes everyone feel better for having seen it.
George is onc real fellow, and we
arc going to kill the fatted calf and
pass it right over the footlights to
him on next Monday night.       ***
For record purposes, wo desire to
have six copies of Nos. 2-16 and 18
of tho Etrlke Bulletins. Headers wbo
havo kept these copies will confer a
favor hy sending us this number of
the above issues,
Give a little encourngement to our
Where is your union button!
(Continued from page ono)
"After a four-days goneral strike
that involved 78 villages and communes in this vicinity, municipal
employees' unions havo won recognition and hereafter thc mayors of
these municipalities will not possess
an nutocititic.. power over thoso
workers. Tho unionB have established themselves as bona fide trade
unions and secured a basic minimum
wnge of 4*2.80 a day for tho lowest
grade of laborers, retroactive to January," 1919.
(Continued from page 1)
Kitchener,' Guelph, Toronto, Niagara
Falls, Montreal, Ottawa, ute. Tho
organizers and* speaker.-) were generally informed that they eould not
do anything with thc workers in
most of those places because they
wero reactionary nnd conservative.
But when the meetings were held
the enthusiasm in every instance
was tremendous. In Fort William
tho Central Labor Council has
adopted a constitution similar to
thnt of Winnipeg. Two. hundred
and fifty members of tho United
Brotherhood of Curpenters hnve
joined the 0. B. U. Sixty new members wero enrolled by the General
Workers' Unit during thc past
week. All other units nre going
strong. Thc Pulp and Paper Mill
Workers' Union has the subject on
its agenda for the next meeting. In
Montreal a carpenter was expnllcd
for advocating.thu 0. H. U. i.ow be
is organizing a Construction Wnrkers' Unit.
V. B. on the Job
Steady progress is being made in
tho United States. A big convention representing Ull the men employed in thc railroad shops of Chicago was held last woek. The subject under discussion was thc breaking away from thc A. F. of L. Tho
Oakland local of Sign and Auto
Painters instructed its secretary to
obtain information on thc 0. B. Ui
In Toledo, Ohio, the organizing secretary, who is a member of tho Klectricnl Workors and ex-soldier of the
European war, reports that ho expects to. have an O. B. U. of 10,000
members by tho end of tho year.
rood Supply Unit Growing ....
In Vancouver everybody is smiling over tho trend of events. Tho
Transport Workers' Unit has had to
olect a business ngent to attend to
its increased business. Tho business
agent is J. Shaw. Thc Food Supply
Unit is swallowing ud a great numbor of men und women engaged in
various linos of business, such ns
butchers, cooks, waiters, bakers,
grocery clerks, dairy employees,
etc. Meetings aro held every Friday
in tho old Knox Church. The Genoral Workers' Unit is making
steady progress and another unit of
this kind has been orgunized in New.
Westminster. A mass meeting of all
0, B. U. men in and around Vancouver is held every fourth Thursday in Hoom 401 Labor Temple. Admission by card only. Further information on the 0. B. U. can bo
obtained from V. It. Midgloy, 401
North   West  Building,  Vancouver,
b. d
For Present
—Kayser Chamoisette, in
white, blaok, ton, brown,
Band, natural, grey, inastio
or bcavor; plain or fanoy
stitched; sizes 2l/_ to 8, at
91, fl.25 and $1.50 •
—D o u b 1 e Chamoisette
Gloves, in white or grey,
in sizes 6, fii/n, 7 and
71/a, at 91.75 a pair.
—Chamoisette Gauntlets,
in grey, brown, beaver or
white, in sizes 6 ta lt/_, at
92.60 a pair.
Double Silk Gloves, in
white, blaok or grey;
sizes 5i/3 to 71/2, at 91.75
a pair,
white, tan, grey or mastic, in sizes 0 to 6, at 85£
aiid 91.00 a pair.
—Main Floor.
675 Qranville Btreet
Sey. 3540
Circulation Growing
Tho past, month has scon a remarkable increase in the number of subscribers to The Federationist. Offer
a thousand new names have boon
placod on the list sinco October* 1st.
This in spite of the incrcaso in* the
subscription price. Many subscribers aro still sending in thoir renewals at the old rate. All theso either
subscribing or renewing -their subscriptions are asked to note tho new
rates, $2.00 per year in Canada, and
42.50 United States and foroign.
Did you ever try to rustle a sub.f
If not, why notf
We are showing
all the newest
styles and fabrics.
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St.
Next to Merchants Bank
 .October 31, 1
Barnard Defeated
in Victoria Election
(Continued from page 1)
I gave the envelopes with the ballots
to one ot the returning offlcen there
with instructions to distribute theu.
I thon had to go on to other stations.
Helped Themselves to Ballots ....
"Apparently this man did not distribute them, and the other officials
there helped themselves. One returning officer who arrived at tho
hall found that tho ballots wore all
divided ,and that none were left for
him. He did not borrow ballots
from tho other people. This wns nee.
tion 1, division 1. As soon as 1
hoard of this I went out with more
ballots, but found that somo of tho
men had too many, und I had the
surplus ones turned ovor to this man.
"Harry Price, about whom a good
doal has boon said, was not there at
8 o'clock whon I called and left tho
Beferring to there being no choiru
at the polling stations, Mr. Moore
points out that those were to have
been secured from Dr. Tolmie '■ committee room, but when the chairs
were needed, thero was no ono at
the committee rooms. Ho then says:
"In my efforts to moot the situation, I covered fifty miles in a
motor travelling from station to station, from 7:30 o'clock in thu morn*
ing until 5:15 at night without a
chanco to get anything to eat during
the whole of that time.
"Bome of the returning officers
did not carry out their instructions.
Some of them even put the keys of
the ballot boxes after locking them,
into the boxes. So to open these we
had to take axes and break into the
Had to Bunch Voting
The Elections Act itself is impossiblo.
"Tlio scheme of the Act is that
people shall register their votes in
soparate sections and record their
votos in those sections. This tho
government rendered impossible by
refusing to allow me to appoint a
different registrar for each section.
I wanted to appoint 38 registrars,
one for each section, but they allowed mo to appoint only 24.
"In any event it is financially impossiblo, bocause the government'
only allows $10, and not $30, as stated in another newspaper, which hns
to include rent, light, heat, furniture
and screens. Tou can't get that for
$10. Thus the only way to finance
the election is to bunch tho voting
places so as to bo ablo by saving on
tho rent to obtain money to pay for
the accessories.
Predicted a Huddle
"If I had seen tho Act before, I
would never have taken the position,
but tlu "0 were no copies then available. When 1 did see it I Baid ut
once that there would either be no
election or a muddle. It is my third
oxpericncp as returning officer.
Mr. Moore expressed the opinion
that only a fow in the early hours
wero turned away owing 4o the confusion, but this is denied by Barnard's supporters, and the abovo
evidence its to the crush and consequent confusion* bean out the
claims of the Labor men. *
Dr. Tolmie has the reputation of
being a clean fighter, and under tho
conditions if he is to maintuin that
reputation ho will nt ouco resign,
and allow tho people a proper opportunity to express thcir choice at tho
polls. But thiB courso of action is
hardly to be expected. Possession is
nine points of tho law, and by tho
a 1 of the political machino, and all
the political tricks the government
has boon able to rcto:n the scat.
That the situation wns desperate,
can bo readily Boen whon Barnard
polled such a vole und.
tions that prevailed. Tho Victoria
Labor men ure of the o-;>!". taut
nothing in the history of" '"* ix cun
compare with the situation that pro-
vailed in Victoria laBt Monday.
The workers aro urged to use constitutional methods to accomplish
the changes they desire, but if constitutional methods aro elections
fought undor the conditions they
woro in Victoria, it cannot be wondered at if the workers seek some
other method to accomplish their
ends. Barnard waa defented, but
defeated by such methods as \\'_\\
only add fuel to thc flames of popular discontent with tho present aggregation at Ottawn, and when the
people havo a chance at u general
eloction, tho doom of the government
is assured. Victoria is reputed to bc
a sleepy place, but tho government
pol its first renl shako up from the
electors of that city, the next one
will shake them out of power.
Tjausport Workers Forging Ahead
Tho Transport Workers' Unit of
the O. B. V, is now making, repid
strides in organization work. With
a permanent organizer in ll(o fi-M
the results of Ihu pust propngtmdn
work arc now b wining apparent}
nnil the reports ut tho meeting on
Wodnesday last woro of a mnst on
eouragiiig nature. An enthusiastic
meeting was held and u committee
appointed to mako arrangements for
a smoker to be held in the uenr
A collection was takon up for the
relief of the miners at Kimberley,
the sum of $12.50 boing realized.
Teamsters and truck drivers arc
cordially invited to thc meetings of
this unit, which are held every
Wednesday evening in the old Knox
Church, 152 Cordova Street East.
Conic along aad get in touch with
an organization that has your best
interests at heart.
At Open Forum, Bunday Next, on
"More About High Coit
of Living"
This season's sessions of the Open
Forum began two weeks ago with a
lecture by Mr. J. B. Woodsworth
on "Citizenship," which was followed last Sunday irith a splondid
lecture by Professor Eastman on
J'Belgium and Its Problems," during tho courso df which Dr. Eastman waB able to throw more light
on some of the much discussed features of Belgian race and character.
On Sunday afternoon next nt 2:30
Bev. A. E. Cooke will lecture on the
above subject, when somo interesting matter may be expectod. Mr.
Cooko very reasonably claims that
tho daily press did not fairly report
the recont evidence at the investigation. Ho also has a quantity of
now material on tho same Bubject
which should give rise to an interesting discussion. The Open Forum
provides for questions and also dis-
cuBBion, so that O'Brien Hall is
likely to be a popular meeting placo
on Sunday afternoon.
Laborers, Riggers and Fastenors
At the last regular meeting o"
this local, held in tho Labor Templo
on Friday last, Bro. W. Maylor was
eloctod by acclamation to succeed
Bro. Mansolj who had resigned his
office at President of the locnl.
Bro. Steel of Taeoma addressed
the meoting on behalf of tho shipyard workers on strike on tho Pacific! Coast, and the union decided
to send a donation to the miners'
fund at Kimberley.
Mrs. Fearn, who had promised to
address tho local, sent an apology,
as she had been asked to speak at
a political meoting in Victoria the
samo ovening.
The business agent reported that
tho oxecutive had an appointment
to meet Mr. Turnoy of the Wallace
firm early noxt week in regard to
obtaining a new agreement with the
Patronize Fod. advertisers.
(Continued from pago 4)
era could control public affnirs. It
was not only a question of obtaining
control, but of transforming the
machine of capitalism into a system
of production for uso.
In Bussia tho movement of 1905
hnd beon a dross rehearsal for 1917.
In the U, S., the strikos were educating the working class to the na-
ture of tho power confronting thom.
All movements made by tho working
class were educative. Whatever the
result o* a strike or an eloction,
thoy wcro nevor lost.
The speakor suggestod that, in
reading press roports, they should
"nover bcliove anything till It's
officially denied." There was a time
when newspapers did publish tho
truth; but now, members of tho
ruling class were compelled to descend to all kinds of vile things in
order to deceive the .people and keep
them in a stato of subjection. '' You
sell your lifo in order to live," ho
said.   Tho working man's body was
generating machine to produce
juice." Labor powor was the
juice in their bonos, nnd.labor was
the agony thoy endured in delivering it. In return, they only got
enough for its renewal. "If they
did give you any moro, thoy couldn 't
sell the goodB you produce in competition with thoso produced by
other nations." The only thing tho
workers could do under capitalism
was to ubo thoir organizations to
hnve as good a time on tho job as
thoy could.
The speakor reiterated that it
was impossible for any power of tho
master class to mako tho system
work.   "They   ennnot    gnugo   the
,*;. ...
—there's a style lero for every man who appreciates good
clothoH. All thc very latest styles arc represented, such ns
Bolters and other dashing ■ models that, appeal to the young
man of taslo. Older mon, too, will find it to thoir advantago
to inspect tho shipment—thero nre many conservative models
that will to appreciated.
Ton can depend upon Quality o." Material—Perfect Trilorlag—
Newest Styles, and last, hut net least, Extremely Moderate
Prices, Payablo on Our Literal Oredit Plan, or, in other words,
"Pay-aa-you-wear."   •
—such as Coats, Suits, DresBes, Skirts, Baincoats, Purs,
Sweaters, etc., all in the best quality materials and loveliest
of styles obtainable, by paying only a small deposit down
and tho balance as you wear.
New York Outfitting Co.
Province Offlce
Phone Uy.
future; they are dono for. They nre
warring with greater things than
principalities ana powers. .It Is an
economic necessity that tho system
must be transformed." Tho working class had got to get hold of the
reins of power; whether by votes or
by other means, wonld depend ei
tirely upon what they were
against. When tbey becamo tl
dominant olass, the system cou'
easily be transformed to prodw
food, olothing and shelter for ever
Labor Party Debating Club
On Saturday evening last, thc
Federated Lnbor Party rooms in thc
Dominion br'lding were the scene
of thc firBt debate held this season
by thc F. L. P, Debnting Club. Thc
subject of tho debate was: "Resolved that parliamentary action is
more efficient than industrial action." Messrs. Westmoreland and
Burgess took tho affirmative, and
Messrs. E. Trotter and Harris the
negative. The judge, Dr. W. J.
Curry, gave his decision in favor of
thc negative. Thctioxt debute will
bo held Saturday, NoV 8, in the
party, 610 Dominion building. Thc
subject announced is "Trnde Unionism vs. Industrinl Unionism." Loaders, Messrs. Mclnnis and Bntt. Dr.
W, J. Curry will ngnin net ns judgo.
John Robertson, a Labor Pnrty
member of - Parliament, was reelected president of tho National
Union of Scottish Mine Workers
nt thc twcnly.sixth annual conference.
Ask your grocer if his clerks are
in the union?
Back of every shoe
we sell goes our
store guarantee
—we can't afford to sell inferior shoes—we can't afford to handle
any shoes but those of the highest standard.
The shoes we sell are made only by manufacturers who have
an established reputation—specializing in Men's Shoes we are
able to offer the best lines that are made—Shoes that we can
afford to sell you and guarantee every pair with the Dick guarantee—"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back."
We offer an exceptional range in Shoes—everything that men
want—all styles—all sizes—all widths—we fit the feet^-and give
you values, such as you won't get elsewhere.
Try the Dick Shoe Store for your next pair—you'll get the utmost
in Shoe Satisfaction.
Priced~$5, $7, $10, $12
Ask to see our All-Leather Work Boot at $5.00
33-45-47-49  HASTINGS ST.  EAST


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