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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 19, 1919

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1 "■.',     ■ .    ■ "  t»" * ■■     .    '"
| Movement Is Full of Vim
and Enthusiasm in the
Prairie Capital
[Issues Weekly Bulletin-
Hope for a Daily
(Pjwcial to The Fcdor»tionl»t)
Winnipeg, Sept. 18.—Despite tie
[ (riea of calamity howlers, and the
deliberate miarepreaentatton at the
I "aolected" representatives of the A.
j.F. of I,., Winnipeg and several of
•the outtdde railroad eentrea aro not
, merely going strong for tho 0. B. U.,
, bnt tho new organization, more par-
' ticulariy aa far aa Winnipeg ia eon*
: corned, in the only thing of momont
[in tho labor world.
Following the imprisonment of the
"oight," many of the opponents of
tho 0. B. U, got busy, thinking that
tho moat opportune time to strangle
the young industrial giant clamoring
tor recognition. Bat all to no pur*
iposo. The 0, B. U. continued to grow,
until at the present time, some 9000
^workers are affiliated in Winnipeg
alone, and more are following every
day. With Bro. Bussell in tho
"coop," tho rest of the boys realized
their duty to him and to> themselves,
and throw their energies into the
work that ho had so unwillingly
loft. Bo, tho C. N, B. and tho C. P.
B. organized almost 100 per cent,
into the O. B. U., whilst the vast majority of the 0. P. B. shopmen also
lined up, with new adherents dribbling through all the timo. In ether
trades, painters, tailora. retail clerks,
contract shop machinists, barbers,
lady garment workors, glove work*
, era, teamsters, ateam and operating
engineers ,and many others, are already afSliatod, whilo thc workera in
tho railroad eentrea of Bndville, Cochrane, Dauphin,  have   also  made
r 'themsolves known. The railroad
boya in Winnipeg aent Billy King out
on the Saskatoon line, and good reports continue to flow in. White hot
enthusiasm marks every day's work
in tho Labor movement in the prairie
metropolis, and from that point the
growth of tho movoment will radiate.
All this, together with tho fact
that many unions have not yet taken
the vote on tho proposition, owing to
a varioty of reasons, added to the
further fact that the new Trades
and Labor Couneil, organized by
Pick Bigg, is nothing more than
a joke, makea tho prospecta bright.
The following locals have already
withdrawn from Bigg's council, as
it called, for the roason that they do
not consider it representative of tho
Winnipeg Labor movement: C, B. of
B. E., lodges 67, 60, 105, 78 aud 25;
carponters, bricklayers, building
trades laborera and street railway
Bum. Thero ia no doubt that in thc
very near future many, if not all, of
theso will boeomc affiliated with the
0. B. C.
The worken of Winnipeg put up a
splendid fight on behalf of tho inv
prisoned brothers, and much rcjoie-
' ing was tho order of the day whon
Anally they were released. The Central Labor Council of the 0. B. U. in
Winnipeg ,although working short*
■ handed (tome of the most active
workera being in durance vile), is-
lued a bulletin, which is becoming
nPie interesting as time gees on, and
according to our last information, ia
to be made into an eight-page paper.
At preaent, it ia issued but once a
week, but the objective of the couneil is to extend ita power and size,
aad finally establish a real live daily,
whieh will build up the movement
throughout tho weet, and alao cut
ita influence into Eastern Canada,
where even now many of tbe worken are showing signs of lining np.
A general feeling among the worken in the 'Peg is that the "eight"
how undtr charges of seditious
conspiracy, will eventually come out
victorious. The protest parado on
Labor Day waa a real eye-opener,
the O. B. U. being vory atrongly represented, while sevoral of the international unions, notably'the building
tradea ,rccognleed the fight of tho
"eight" to be their fight. The soldiers and sailors also had a conspicuous place, as also had the Woman 'a
Labor League. Mass meetings aro
held almost continuously, and Winnipeg will make itself folt throughout
Canada as tho point at which Labor
knows no defeats, but can learn from
pta experiences,
At the time of writing, the railroad workerB aro sending out other
lorganizers in different directions,
nd all in all, things arc good for tho
', B. U.
Public  Meeting  in  the
Arena Wednesday
.canisters, Warehousemen and Auto
Mechanics, 0. & tf.
Tho above unit of the O. B. U.
hold   an   enthusiastic   meeting   ___
[Wednesday; evening and several lew
nembers were sigend up. The Team-
I store 0. B, TJ. organization is now
(irmly on ita feot, and has eome to
jtny, and if presont indications are
any criterion it will be a strong organization in the near future.
At tho Inst meting new bylaws
wero adopted and the title was
changed to "Transport Workers*
Unit, 0. B. U." Any wage earner
engaged in the handling or hauling
of freight, or any occupation incidental thereto, la eligible for membership.
Tho meetings are held In the old
Knox Church at 153 Cordova Street
East, and tho next nieeting will bo
on Wednesday ovoning, October 1.
AH membera should remember tho
date and be on hand to givo tho
new members a hearty welcome.
WiO Also Speak at New
Westir'nster on
Wednesdaymo&$kat 10 o'clock
B. J. Johns of Win\*g and W. A.
Pritchard, who wero "catted latt
week on bail, arrived . 'ancouver
from Winnipeg. Quite - ^mber of
fHeads of Pritchard, and \v men
were at the depot to welco ^theso
two victims of the WinnipegT&rikfl.
If it has been thought that the spirit
of tho men would be broken through
imprisonment, those who would have
liked to have seen this accomplished must bave been bitterly dissa-
pointed. Full of enthusiasm, ami
imbued with the spirit of tho workors of the prairie capital, which is
more militant than ever, both Pritchard and Johns looked the picture
of health, and seem no worso for
thcir incarceration in the provincial
jail in tho Manitoba Capital. A
series of meetings aro to be arranged while they aro on the coast, thu
flrst being at New Westminster on
Saturday night in St. George's Hall.
This meeting will commence at S
o'clock. The. next opportunity that
will be afforded lo tho workers to
learn the truth as to tho situation,
and the details of the preliminary
hearing will be at the Empress
Theatro on Sunday evening. Wodnesday next, tho 24th, at 8 p.m.,
thero will be a meeting in the Arena,
Georgia Stroot West. There is no
need to dwell on the ability of
Pritchard on a public platform. B.
J. Johns, however, is not so well
known on the coast, bnt ho is one
of the coming orators of the labor
movement, and hns played a very
active part in tho labor movement
in Winnipeg, and particularly in the
Machinists' Union. No member of;
tbe working class should miss the j
opportunity of learning tho truo
situation as to the Winnipeg striko
and the subsequent arrest of mombers of organized labor.
Teamsters Joint Oouncll
Wednesday night saw the starting
of a joint council, covering the various locals of Teamsters in this city.
Tho following locals wore represented: Bakery Salesmen No. 371, General Teamsters and Chauffeurs No.
655, Milk Wagon Drivers and Dairy j
Employees No. 464. Matters cover-
ign tho welfaro of drivers in this
city and vicinity will be handled,
and conditions improved as organization improves. At some future
date, a campaign will bo started to
get ull drivers in thc city wearing a
button, and in thc menntimo readers
cnn assist by seeing that drivers delivering supplies of any description,
nre asked to produce their union
cards or show a union button.
(van£uverr?*|a.Oo) $1.50 PER YEAR
"At this event in honor of His Royal
Highness, the magnificent robes and
gowns of the distinguished company made
a truly dazzling spectacle, etc., etc."—
Toronto daily papers. .
"We are fed up by the 'kept
press* with these ceremonials; tic a
tin can to the apes and lackeys
and parasites of Imperialism," says
Canadian labor.
Machinists Udies Auxiliary
T';e Machinists Ladies Auxiliary
triih have a whist drive and dance
at Cotillion HoH Friday, September
26. Tickets: Gents 50c, ladies 35c.
A good thue is assured.
Pass The Federationitt along and
[help get new subscribers,
Helena Gutteridge Is Congratulated on Her Defense of Labor
A communication waa received by
the Trades and Labor Couneil of
Vancouver, from a meeting of sol*
diors' wives held in O'Brien Hall,
which strongly opposed Miss Helena
Gutteridge representing tho wage-
earning womon of Vancouver at tho
Ottawa industrial conference, on tho
ground that ahe ia not loyal to tho
government. It waa pointed out by
some of tho delegatea present that
tho organization, which apparently'
had no name, wus not representative
of the working women of Vancouver, whereas Dol. Gutteridgo was at j
the Ottawa conference as a repre-1
sentative of tho Garment Workers'
Union, thc Trades and Labor Coun*
cil and tho Minimum Wage League,
and, according to newspaper reports,
was doing splendid work on bchuif
of tho women wage workers in particular and organized labor in general. Tho communication was filed
and a motion was made and carried
to send a telegram to Del. Gutteridgo
congratulating bet on her defense
of labor at the industrial conference.
The new local, 310 Eloctrical
Workeri, applied for affiliation with
the council.
Under tho heading reports from
unions, the Steam and Operating
Engineers' delegates reported, tho
union going along splendidly and
men coming back strong from the
old union. The delegate read a
letter from a member of tbe union
who stated that th/. 0. B. U. local
had called a* strike at Knox Bay becauso he would not take out an
0. B. U. card.
Del. Showier of the Teamsters and
Chauffeurs'Union stated that the
loeal had recoived a hard knock on
account of tho strike, but that the
men were gradually coming back
into the organization and that there
was every indication that the local
would soon bo as strong aa beforo
the strike. A meoting of the three
teamster locals, bakery drivers, milk
wagon drivers and teamsters, form*
od a joint council and would in all
probability soon have one button
for tbe three locals. All the dairy
employees of Chilliwack had recently been organized, and with tho exception of Steeves Dairy, the dairies of Vaancouvcr were all solidly
Del. Graham of tho Hotel and Restaurant Employees stated that ke
(Ceattaued on pfrje 8)
Social   Democrats   Rule
Worse Than That of
the Kaiser
Prisons Are Full of Political Prisoners—No
Free Press
A Gorman miner, who prior to tho
last year or two, was a* resident of
this Province, nnd a momber of tho
United Mine Workers, now resident
in Germany, in a letter to a friend
here, has tho following to say about
conditions in Germany at this time:
"As you know, thore has been a
revolution hero in Germany, but if
you were living here you wouldn't
notice it. Tho slaves are still exploited to tho snme degree, and by
tho same old clique as beforo,, and I
must say that us a governmont party
the Social Democrats do the dirty
work of the German capitalist class,
evon better than the old parties
could ever attempt to do. Froe
press, froe speech and free assemblage is not known here, and people
who do not find overy act of tbe
government exactly right und say so
openly, oro put in jail. Tho prisons
havo nover been so full of political
prisoners in the worst times of thc
Hohonzollern regimo aa they aro
now. No, the. revolution has not
brought freodom to the Gorman people. It has not ovon ameliorated
their sufferings. They are worse off
than evor before. Tho food we nro
getting is absolutely insufficient to
keep a person in working condition,
and the prices you have to pay for
everything would remind you of the
days of tho California gold rush. In
a word, the conditions aro rotten,
and I am not going to stick it out
much longer. Since the middle of
May r have been working in tho
coal mines again, but don't know
hOw long I will stick to it, ns I nm
sick and tired of it."
Accepts   Nomination  of
Victoria Branch of
Labor Party
T. A, Barnard, president of tho
New Westminster branch of tho
Great War Veterans' Association,
waB selected by tho Victoria branch
of tho Federated Labor Party os a
candidato to oppose Hon. Dr. S, F.
Tolmie, Minister of Agriculture, in
the by-election on October 27. Comrade Barnard and the Federated
Labor Party think that tho chances
of success are very bright and an
intensive campaign will bo entered
into for the occasion.
Says Employers Can Take
Law in Their Own
'Direct action" received the official sanction of Magistrate Shaw
this week, when he discussed
charge of assault laid.by Mrs. Overall, an employee of tho Dominion
cannery, against J. S. Minor, superintendent of the cannery, who was
alleged to have used violence towards her some woeks ago, when dismissing her from ber job.
The ground of the magistrate 'fl
decision appears to havo been that
'' unless an employee could follow up
his action in discharging an employee by removing the porson, if
necessary, he might be faced by the
anomaly of having, say. sevoral hundred women discharged but-still continuing at their work, perhaps doing
hundreds of dollars' damage"
A fearsome picture, truly; and, of
course, a situation with which the
city police,.tho "mounties," and tho
othor minions of law and order, could
not possibly cope, but only the employer, himself, single-handed. Tho
workers are indebted to Magistrate
Shaw for this fresh assurance that
"force" is a perfectly legitimate romedy—in fact, the only one—ever,
against wrong that has not aotually
beon dono, but possibly might bo.
Comrade G. P. Smith is travelling
by auto from Alberta to Winnipeg;
Manitoba. Ho makes a short stop
every now and again along tho route
and picks up lmlf a dozen subs, for
the Federationist. He states that ho
finds it not n very hnrd task to get
people to subscribe for a live labor
paper. Let us send you a few sub.
cards und a few papers to keop tho
good work up.
Splendid Progress Being
Madte in  Launching
Consumers' Society
,Thc Vancouver Co-Operative Society held a splendid meoting in tho
biggest hall of tho Labor Temple
on Wednesday evening. . Tho secretary reported a total membership of
2fi0 with about 300 moro prospective
members, many of whom joined tho
socioty that evening. Ho reported
that thero.waa evory indication of
tho business being successfully
launched within a fairly early date,
but that it would greatly depend
on how many of tho members put
forth their best efforts in obtaining
new members.
I Mr. J. Stewart, manager of the
Nanaimo Co-operative, told of tho
necessity of lho consumers getting
together in order to put an end to
profiteering ahd exploitation.
/Tho bylaws prepared by the committee wero read and adopted. Officers were elected and everything is
nOw ready for incorporation, which
*rill be attended to at onco.
Tho officers elected until the end
of the first quarter are: President,
G. W. Hubbard; vice-proBident,
Robt. Skinner; treasurer, Mrs. A,
Bice; directors, Dr. W. J. Curry,
Mrs. A. Borland, Henry W. Wntts,
J. Wilkes, Mrs. H. Thomas, J. Slin-
gcrland nnd G. W. Moui.
A membership campaign commit-
^tec of 25 volunteered and wore
issued receipt books for tho signing
up of members. Tho officors, directors and committee will meet in
Boom HOI Dominion Building noxt
Wednesday evening.
"If other men aro not doing right,
c cannot afford to do wrong."—J.;
, Clynes.
Mackenzie King Discovers
Four Classes in
Socialist Party Meeting
Sunday Should Draw
Big Crowds
Wednesday Evening
At Eight o'clock
R. J. JOHNS, Winnipeg
W.A. PRITCHARD, Vanconrer
«iitii«iHi»«Mt"»'»»«-Mi»«n|n| »■»■•■» IllM' Mf 'l'.iM-»+"M »»■»■»■#■♦■ * '»' I I I Hi.»4.
Late Guests of the King
Will Have Message
for Workers
Tho universal topic in thc pross of
today, the wido world over, can be
spelled in ono word—problom; tho
returned soldier problem, the unemployed problem, the housing problem,
ate, ad nauseam, but umong all
these stories of problems, no solution is offered.
For years past the Socialist Party
of Canada has consistently pointed
out that all these problems resolve
themsolves into onc, and tbat is the
problom of the working class, end
tbat it can be solved only by tho
working class itself.
A knowledge of tho structure and
development of modern socioty is essential to ull who Mould interpret
present day events with uny degree
of success.
Tor the purpose of placing a means
whereby that knowledge may bo
gained by tho workers, the Socialist
Pnrty of Canada hold meetings
every Sunday evening in tiio Empress llscatrc, where competent, lecturers ex pi n in some portion of the
Socialist, philosophy. Thc speakers
for Sunday arc W. A. Pritchard ami
R, J, Johns, (lately guesls of His
Majesty in Manitoba Provincial
jail), and a profitable evening is promised ull who attend.
New Electrical Workers' Local
The International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers bos authorized
the formation of a new locnl in Vancouver to take the place of Local
213, whose charter wos revoked. The
new local will be known as Locnl
310 I.B.E.W. The president und organizer is A. Miller and tno secretary W. Foulkcs. Meetings are held
overy Monday in tho Labor Temple.
Industrial Conference Is
"Sitting" on Libor
(Special to the Federationist)
The industrial conference called
by the government opened at Ottawa on Monday morning. The employers had 80 representatives and
labor was represented by ■ a like
number. A third group consists of
experts of various descriptions, and
a fourth group is in attendance comprising provincial Cabinot ministers. The latter two groups have a
voico but no vote.
The -different subjects down for
discussion, and the introducers aro
as follows: Unification of labor
laws of tho various provinces, Jack
Bruce, Plumbers; 44-hour week Me-
Lelland of the Machinists; minimum
wage laws, Miss Helena Gutteridge,
Vancouver; collective" bargaining,
W. L. Best, railroad trades; joint industrial councils, Tom Moore, Tradea
Congress; rights of civil sorvico employees, F. Orierson; stato insurance, Jimmy Simpson, Toronto; proportional representation, E. S. Woodward, Victoria; committee on other
featnrcs, J. Foster, Montreal. Nine
committees havo been appointed,
consisting of three representatives
from the omployers and three from
labor, and ono representative of tho
third group.
Collective bargaining was still under discussion on Thursday. Tho
plan for tho unification of labor
laws has been agreed upon. It is
also probable that the enactment of
eight-hour legislation may be agreed
upon. The proposal to adopt minimum wago laws in all provinces
will also carry with it the plan for
unification of labor laws. MacKen-
zie King, the new leader of the Lib-
oral Party, has made a brilliant discovery. He has found that thore
are four classes in society, and during the discussions on the various
subjects many other fearful and
wonderful economic revelations
have been made at regular intervals.
Tbe threat of direct action which,
according to press reports, was made
by J. Winning of Winnipeg, was no
throat at all, but a statemont of
fact. In other words ho was giving the attitudo of labor to the
question, and stated that unless it
was granted, he was certain thut
labor would adopt the direct action
method to achieve its object. Tho
consideration of the peaco treaty
labor proposals hare been held ovor
until the end of the discussion on
the other matters mentioned. At
tho present rato of progress, tho
agenda would requiro at least three
weeks, instead of one.
Likely to Be Some Sparks
at the Annual
Over 700 delegates will assemble
in Hamilton on Monday to attend
tho annual convention of the Dominion Trades and Lubor Congress.
Whilo previous conventions havo
shown thut there has been a decided
difference in opinion between the
Western aud Eastorn delegates, It is
oxpected that this year the convention will bo lurgely takon up with
the issues ruisod by'thc formation of
the 0. B. U. While it may be expected thut a good number of the
radicals who have attended previous
conventions, will not be in attendance tbis year, owing to their connection with thc U. B. V., there will
bc sufficient on hand who, while not
having joined the new organization,
are fully in sympathy with it, to
make it interesting. A battle roynl
is sure to be started on this question^
and the worshippers of tbo A, F. of
I., will have consideruble opposition.
With the changes that havo tuken
place in the Inst year, almost anything may come out of the convention, but one thing is sure, there will
bc some kirk against thc many autocratic actions of the executive.
Pritchard and Johns to
Speak on Industrial
Union Question
A mass meeting of all workers
will bo held under tho auspices of
tho Vancouver Trndes and I<abor
Council, at St. George'fl Hall, Nuw
Westminster, on Saturday, September 20, 1010, commencing at 7.30
p.m. Arrangoments will be made
to havo several speakers uddress tho
moting on thu question of industrial
W. A, Pritchard of Vnncouvor and
E. J. Johns of Winnipeg will bo
among ths speaker!. .Questions aud
Milk Driven and Dairy Employees
Local 464
Good progress is helng mude in
getting thc eity 100 per cent, in the
milk business, lit new members joining up last meeting. The seeretary
J reported on his trip to Cbilliwark,
i nnd was successful in lining up the
CIiilliwHck Creamery 100 per cent.,
Ihe workers iu the country realizing
lhat it is now time they hnd some
organization to get them some improvement*, und not continue working seven days a week. It is only
through orgnnization thev cun get
anywhere. Steves Dairy is the only
relic of the old days lefl in the city,
and he still flings to the old ideul
that no man working for him is allowed to ask for bettor conditions or
carry a union curd. Rumor states
that bis men are beginning to kick
over tbo truces, aud wo hope they
will see the light in the near future.
Members aro reminded thai Friday
next in regular mooting night, and
they should attend as sevoral important mattors uro coming up.
Harry Polkey Loses Wife
Harry Polkey, treasurer   of   the
Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, has
been bereaved of his wife, who died
Tuesday after a brief illness.
Strike There   Was   the
Making of the
0. B. U.
Workers Now Realize tht
Powers of the
Addresses by B. J. Johns of Winnipeg and W. A. Pritchard were the
features of last night's meeting of
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Couneil meeting. At tlio commencement of the ordor of new businsss,
President Smith called on Bro. Johns
to address the councU. He stated,
that while he and his comrades were
in jail they Were interested in what
the workers were doing outside, but
were not very enthused by the pro-,
gross made in Vancouver. He stated
that the- workers of Winnipeg bad
always looked to Vaneonver, but,
were somewhat disappointed at ths
progress mad" since tho strike.
Johns Addrse— Council
Referring to the striko in Winnipeg, he stated that he was net there,
during tkat struggle, but was for
two months in Montreal, but that
hud not prevented him from being
arrested. He said that thc workers
on trial in Winnipeg were on trial
because they had carried out the
work which tho workers had ia*
structcd them to do, and that it was .
tho 0. B. U. that was on trial.
While the officers of the A. F. of L.
hud never done that which tho rank
and flic had instructed them to do,
yet the workors of Vancouver were.
staying with that organization. He
said there had,bocn more discrimination in Winnipeg than there had
been in Vancouver, but in spite of
that, there was a stronger movement
than ever. Before the workers had
not realized tbo power of the state,
but now they had learned, and tbey
had not learned from books, but. by
actual experience. While tbo men
in Vancouver had taken the path
of least resistance, the workers in
Winnipeg had not repudiated the
previous policy, and that the
only way to keep the men who
carried out tho .wishes of the work- .
ers out of jail waa to. eome back
stronger than ever with an organisation that the ruling class feared. He
stated that Judge Robson had called
on the workers in Winnipeg to repudiate tho mon in jail, and the reward would bo a job, but tho price
had not been accepted in spite of
all the discrimination. Beferring
to tho men and their attitude in
Winnipeg, he stated tbat tho Labor
Party had laid tho application of
Dick Bigg on the table for a
month, and had disciplined others
who had not supported the men arrested. He gavo a list of organise- .
tions affiliated with the O. B. U. and
which aro given in another column
of this issue, and said thore wero
9000 men affiliated with the Trades
Council of thc 0. B. U.
Vanconver Must Do Its Bit
In conclusion he stated that Winnipeg had been encouraged by Vancouver in tho past, but that Winnipeg expected Vancouver to do its
bit today, and that whilo Winnipeg
workers in the post had seen how
littlo could be dono in municipal
politics, they were now going to
get into them, and the quostion
would be onc of discrimination.
W. A. Pritchard
DeL Pritchard, in rising to address the council, said that it would
not do to say all that they bad said
in jail; there had been blue moments and bright onee, and they
bad discussed economics and history
aud philosophy. It had been said
that thc 0. B. U. made the Winnipeg strike, but it was not at the
timo in existence. The background
of tho strike wus tho 17th century
attitude of tbo ironmasters. ' The
strike, however, had made the
0. B. U. in Winnipeg; the workers
realized that they had only been
beaten by tho power of tho state,
and that they must have a now form
of organization thnt would be geographical as well as industrial.
Referring to the local movement,
he said that he did not think it was
dead, but only asleep, and thnt the
two jnil birds had taken it on themselves to wake it up. Referring to
Winnipeg he stated (hat it bad boen
necessary to hold the workers back
from joining the 0. B. V, so that
they could get strike pay, and so
that negotiations on wage scales
would not bo disrupted. He said
that when it was learned that the
protest parade was to bo held, they
also realized that there was sense*
thing doing, as the guards were in-
cronsed on the jail. The parade had
taken place in the pouring rain;
eight thousand had taken part in it,
iu spite of the weather, and that
specinl trains had to be run from
Transcona so that the railroad workers from tlmt point could be takon
into thc city. Thore were returned
men, and there was a veterans'
bond, and ono of the banners had
borno the words of Bob Rogers,
which ho bad uswl during the war,
which were "Nothing is too good
for the soldiers," with this uddition,
"Wo aro getting it." Comparing
tbe protest purnde witb tho peace
parado, he statod that the returned
men in the latter had numbered,
with careful counting, 42, nnd thin
showed the nttitude of the returned
men in Winnipeg; and thnt the soldiers bnd dubbed the poace parade^
tho profiteers' parado.
Referring to tho 0. B. IT., ho
stated thnt after the referendum
voto had been taken on the question of withdrawing from the Iu
ternntionals. they hud enrried out
the expressed wish of tho rank ond
file, and hud been plnced behind the
burs for so doing. He asked, who dc
you think is going to carry outyom
wishes in the future if you go bach
on your own vote.
Referring to tho misstatements ol
(Contiuped on pago 4) iPAGE TWO
Demonstration and Sale
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Slater'a Siloed Baok Bacon lb 60c
Bister's  Sliced  Smoked Roll,  Ib...l9o
Finest Mo. 1 Alberta Butter;  re*.
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Fineat. Beef Dripping,  lb. ——-36c
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Vinettar,  bottle   „ 150
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Fineat Canadian  Cheese,  lb 38c
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Pickling Spices, 3 for.	
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to  11 a.m., EA|t.
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eleventh tbab. N.. 38     THE BRITISH COJjpjBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, a a.
leptember 19, Mil
Denies Nationalization of
Women Canard and
Favor Soviet
Mr NSfreedkr Anatole France NEW ZEALAND
At Congress of Teachers
The following address wus madefheatt to. its. disappearance from, tlio
Good Shoes
NO MATTER what your requirements, whether its foot*
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you'll get full 100 per cent, value at Goodwin's.
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119 Hastings Street East
Lloyd Gerge Wanted  to
Send "Complete Conservative" to Russia
Tho longor tho Russian Soviot
Government continue* to dominate
tho .situation in that, country, tho
Jiiore iu±e«fiBting uro tho revolutions
I of the actions of tho Allies during
tho poaco conferences
| \V. C. Bullitt, who has boon testifying boforo tho Unitod States Senate foreign relations committee, and
who was attached to: the American;
poaco dologotioii) has certainly spilt
the boans. Not only has ho denied
tha monstrous story us to the nationalisation of women in Russia,
but ho has jjivcu the lie to. many
other capitalistic inspired stories as
to. tho Russian* situation. Bullitt
was. sent to Russia, on behalf of tho
American Government, to study economic and political conditions. Ho
stated beforo the Senate committee,
that aftor the Prinkipo. plan waa
dropped, he was sent to Russia to
And out tho exact terms, whereon
fighting could be dropped* This
mission, he states, was kept secret
from all the allies except Oreat
"The United States mission had
practically no seo rota from* tho British mission," he said* Before ho
left,, Bullitt said, Col; House soid it
was not necessary to. get from the
Soviet Government a deeluratioa
that all foreign dobta would bo paid;
but that such a declaration taught be
Ho rood tho proposition from the
Loninc Government which he
brought back to Paris. It filled sev-
oral typewritten pages and nevor
had been allowed publicity in Paris.
Socretary Lansing marked his re*
port "urgent and important," and
sent it to Presidont Wilson. Col.
House,, he said, was enthusiastically
in favor of making peace on the
basis laid down in Lenine's proposal.
Ho discussed tho mattor 'at length
with Lloyd Georgo ond Gen. Smuts,-
Bullitt said. Smutts said it should
not be allowed to lapse. Lloyd
George, however, said he didn't
know about British public opinion.
He had a copy of tho Daily Mail at
the timo and called attention to its
attitifllo and askod how ho could ho*
expected to do anything "in the
face of that sort of thing,"
Lloyd George snid some one should;
be sent to Russia who wns known
to tho worid as a complete conservative, and remarked::
''I wonder if Lansdowne would
go," but quickly added, "no, they
would probably kill lam."
Ho said he wished either Lord!
Cecil or General Smuts could go, and
finally discussed sending Lord Salisbury.
Lloyd Georgo, Bullitt said, urged
him to make his report public.
"I attempted to," said Bullitt.
"I submitted it to the commission,
but no man was willing to resume responsibility for publication."
He read also a supplemental proposal from tho Soviet Govornment
as follows: "Tho Americnn and
British governments undertake to
guarantee that Trance shall live up
to the terms of tho Armistice."
This caused a laugh in the committoe room.
Favored thtt Soviet
Ho read tho roport which he made
to the Prosidont on his return.    It
was, for the most part, vory favorable to the Soviot regime.
"It has acquired such a hold on
tho imagination of the people," the
report said, "that tho women, as
well as tho men, are willing to
starve for, it."
Ho donied many of the reports
concerning outrages under Soviet
orders, "particularly the canard
concerning tho nationalization of
"Lenino," it said, "stands well
to the right at tho existing politics!
of Bussia." The report character-
ires Lenine's Government at that
time as " modorato^Socialism."
They referred tho mattor to tho
Presidont, wbo decided thot ho did
not wish to have it given out at
that time, dospite the urgings of
tne other commissions.
Pressed by Senator Knox on the
point, Bullitt said: "It wns extremely difficult to get tho President's mind. Col, House telephoned;
tho Preaident the night I returned
and the President said ho would see
mo tho next evening.
In his testimony Bullitt also
mado tho following statement, Mr.
Lansing hnd suid, that if the Senate
ami tho American poople understand,
this treaty, referring to tho peaco
treaty, it will ho defeated.
Lansing, ho said, wont on to say:
"But I wonder if they will understand what it let us in for. It' is
my personal opinion that Senator
Knox will really understand and
Senator Lodgo will, but Senntor
Lodge's position would bo purely
political. ' Senator Knox taught instruct the people."
Bullitt also showed how the
French had stopped the Prinkipo
conference. He statod that the
French Government had told Doniin
nud Kolchak, that if thoy opposed
tho conferonco, that thoir opposition
would he supported.
Possibly tho outstanding feature
of tho evidence given by Mr. Bullitt is the nttitudo of Lloyd George,
who wanted a completo conservative
to go to Russia to investigate. In
view of that statoman's statements
this week, on tho old world falling,
nbout the ears of those who will not
seo tho now world, it is particularly
interesting, Ho sure must love domocracy, whou ho would send a completo conservative to give a roport
on a country that had brokon away
from the present system. Tatoen altogether, Bullitt's testimony boars
out the published opinions of Arthur
Ransome, Colonel Raymond Robbins,
John Reed and others. Tho truth
will out, and tho Allied governments
will certainly havo at a not far distant dato to answor for their actions
at regards Bussia,
Patronize Fed, advertisers.
—'Jpolicy; perhaps not untij the peoplesJ1-
i*y Anatole Franco before tlio Coo
gross of Teachers Institutes at Tours
on Auguat %, aa reported in l'Huinu-
Citizens,. Dear Comrades: It is an
old friend who. addresses, you. He
stood* with you, beside the great
Jaures in ISJOtl, when you begun the
fight for the right to organize. This
right assured, it is for you to regulate its. usage; and this: is why your
syndicates are now assembled.
This Congress, has yet another object of capital importance, tho reorganization of elementary education.
Count only upon yoursulvosi to accomplish it; prudence will he your
It was with veritable joy thut I
read in a newspaper yesterday the
thought of our friend Gray on this
subject. '' War,'' lie said,'' has sufficiently demonstrated that the popular edueution of tomorrow must ho
entirely different from, that of yesterday." I have hastened to opon.
my heart to you; I se« that yours
are in accord with mino.
Toaehers, dear friends, it is with
ardent emotion that I address you;
deeply stirred with anxiety and hope
that I speak to. you. And how oould
I fail to be deeply moved when I
considor that the future is in your
hands ,and that it will be fox tho
most part what your spirit and your
care, shall mako itf
In developing the child, you will
determine the future. What & task
at this hour, when tho world is crumbling, when the old order of society
sinks upder the woight of its. sins;
and whon conquerors and conquered
aro alike, plunged in a common misery, in. which, tney bandy expressions
of hatred;
In the social and moral disorder created by the war and, perpetuated by the peace which has followed it, you have eve^thing to do,
everything to rebuild. Have courage! Bo of good cheer! It ia for
you to create a new humanity,, *it is
for you to awake a new intelligence,
if you do not wish Europe to fhll
into madness and barbarism. Peoplo
will say to you, "To what purpose
so mueh exertion T    Man  does not
surface of the earth. I have hate
only for hatred
My friends,, make hatred hatedl
It ia tho most necessary and simple
part ef your taak; the state to which
a devastating war has. reduood
France and the whole world: imposes
upon you duties, oxtretntly complex
and consequently extremely- difficult
to fulfil. Pandon. me for returning
to this; it Is tho great point, upou
whieh everything, depends. It. is for
you, without hope of aid or support,
or evon consent, to change primary
education from tho ground up, in order to make workers. There, is; place
today in our socioty only for workers; tho rest wiU be swept away in
the storm. Make intelligent workers, instructed in tho arts, they practice,, knowing what, they owe to the
national and to the* human com'muu-
Burn al lthe books which teach
hatred. Exalt work and love. Let
ua develop re&sonable men, capablo
of trampling under, foot tho vain
Sploudot of barbaric glories, and of
resisting tho sanguiuary ambitions of
nationalisms and. imperialisms whieh
ha.vo crushed thtir fathers*
No mote industrial rivalries, no
moro wars; work and poace. Whether we wish it or no} the hour is come
when wo must bo citizons of the
world or see all civilization perish.
My friends, permit me to utter u
taiost ardent wish, & wish which it is
necessary for me to express too rapidly and incompletely, but whose primary idea seems to mo calculated to
appeal to all generous natures. T
wish, I wish, with all my hoart, that
a delegation of tho teachers of all
nations might soon join the Workers
Internationale in. ordpr to prepare in.
common a universal form, of education, and advise as to methods of
sowing in young minds ideas from
wliich would spring thc pence of the
world and the union of peoples.
Benson, wisdom, intelligence,
forces of tho taiind and heart, whom
I havo always devoutly invoked,
come to me, aid me, sustain my feo-
We voice; carry it; if that may be,
to all the peoples of tho world, and
diffuse it everywhere whore thoro are
mon of good will to hoar the* bonefi
born. The powers of ovil die, poisoned; by thoir crime. Tho- greedy
and tho cruel,, tho devourors of peoples, are bursting with an indigestion of blood. However sorely
stricken by the sins of their blind
or corrupt maatera, mutiliated, decimated, the proletarians remain erect;
they will unito to-form* ono universal
proletariat, and wc shall see fulfilled
the great Socialist prophecy: "Tho
union of tho workers will bc the
poaco of the worid.
cliangef"    Sol    Ho   has   changed cent truth! A now order of things is
sinco the ago of-the eavc-d weller, ' ""
now for the worse, now for tho'better. He changes with environment,
and it is. education: which transforms
him, even more perhaps, than nir and
food. Certninly tho oducntioif>M&h
has rendered possible, which ftotf'fu*-
ored (being practically uniform
among the peoples whom we cnll
civilized) the frightful catasb
under which we are now hnlf-ft
should not bc allowed to endnrl
a moment. And above all,. MHft-nfr
cessary to banish from tho nehpds
every tiling which makes children
love war and its crimes;- nno, ([Ws
nlono will require long and confront
efforts, unless nil of its panoplifa
should be swopt away at nnfearjy
day by the breath of world rnyojii-
tion. ,.   _\ [
In our bourgeoisie, great . and
small, and even in our proletariat,,
tho destructive instincts for which
wo justly reproached the Germans
oro carefully cultivated. Some days
ngo the amiable La Foucliardierc
askod a bookseller for books for little girls. They gave him only stories,
and puictures of murders, butcheries,
massacres nnd exterminations. Next
Mi-Careme we shall soe at Paris,, in
tho Champs Elysecs and on the boulevards, thousands nnd thousands of
littlo boys dressed by tho inept caro
of thcir mothers ns generals and marshals. Tlie cinema will show them
tho beauties of war; they they will
Party Claims That It Does
Not Represent the -
Calcutta Postal Workers'
Places Filled by
Calcutta—Finding that thoir families, wore starving on tho munificent
salary of l>5 por month paid than by
tho British Imperial "governmont, tho,
mail curriers und other postal employees of Calcutta reeently petitioned for aa increase of .1,50 por'
bo propared for the military career; ™'.ltl1* No "ttontion wa« paid to
and while there are soldiers there will  tllclE »»P«tf«l to™**, *» «»t tke
and while there are soldiors there will
be wars. Our diplomats have left
armies to the Germans in order to
be able to keep them themselves. In
their swaddling clothes mon are propared to be soldiers.
My friends, wo must break with
these, dangerous practices. The teacher must make tho child love pence
and its works; he must teach him to
detest war; he will banish from education all thnt which excites hate for
for the stranger, even hatred of'the
enemy of yesterday;, not that it ia
necessary to bo indulgent to* erftne
and to absolve all tho guilty, but bo-
cause a people, whatever it may be.
at whatover homy is eompoaod of
more victims thin criminals, because
postmen saw no other recourso excopt to strike.
Then the government intervened
promptly by compelling. English soldiers, many of whom had been trade
unionists in tho mother oountry, to
act aB strike-breakers. Tho loaders
of the strike were arrested, and the
treasurer of the striko fund sentenced to 20 days' rigorous imprisonment, five others condemned to threo
weeks' imprisonment for- being the
lenders in tho. movement, and eight
others fined for being prominent in
thc "disturbance."
The postal omployoes' strike is but
one of many indications of general
unrest throughout India. So serious
tht punishment of tho gumV'should *?* the situation become- that Sir
■aot 'bo visited upon tho innocent^ | Harr^gton Vorney Lovett, who has
fenerntions, and-branim finally Pll! J«l«l many important positions in* the
peoples have much* to pardon each [}»*« go*ei.nment> recontly pleaded
In a beautiful hook which bas -just
appeared, and which I counsel you to
read, Lcs Maine Propes, an essay of
education without dogma, Michel
Cordny has written these fino words,
which I use to roinforco my own. He
said: "I hate that which reduces
man to the level of the beast, forcing him to attack whutever does not
resemble him."
Oh, that idea!   I pray with nil my
for "a strong lead from England1
beforo the parliamentary committee
on thc Indian situation.  '' Otherwise
.the ruin of British interests in India
will be accomplished," ho added.
Chicago—Jewelry Workers Union
No. _ presented: a wuge inoreaao of
33 1-3 per cont. to their employers,
and then prepared for a possiblo
struggle. The employors foolod 'cm
by granting tho request.
I've builded your slypfi and your railroads,
I've worked in your factories and mines,.
I've builded tbe ro&tejthat you ride on,
I've crushed, the ^il4 grape for your wines.
I've worked late at'Jfright on yotir garments,
I've gathered the pain for your bread,
I've built the house thftt you live in,
I've printed the books that you have read.
I've linked the two great oceans together,
I've spanned youi^riyers with steel,
I 've built your towejflng skyscrapers,
And also your autiimpbile,,
I've gone out to wi$pkjed ships in the lifeboats,
When the storm loudly cried for its prey,
I 've guarded your home from marauders,
I've turned the night into day.
Wherever there's progress you'll find me,
Without me the world could not live,
And yet you would seek to destroy me,
With the meagre pittance you give.
Today you may grind mo in slavery,
You may dictate to me from ihe throno;
But tomorrow I throw off my fetters,
And am ready to claim what I own.
I am master of field and of factory,
I am mighty and you are but few,
No longer I'll bow in submission,
I am Labor and ask for my due.
—Bud McKillups,
World Witt Never Be Safe
with, Capitalism and
[By I'rancis. Ahern]
The Now Zealand Labor Party,
which promises to be* a big factor in
that country in tho very ueur futuro,
issued—at its annual conforonco last
July—a manifesto condemning the
terms of the peaco treaty. It takes
its stand alongside the British nnd
Australian Labor aad Socialist parties and trades unions, the French
Socialist Party and trades unions,
the Italian Socialist Tarty und trado
unions, the Servian, Roumauian aud
other continental Sociulist groups.
Tho Canadian and American Socialist movements, the South African
Labor and Socialist parties, in its
unqualified oboction to the peaco
terms forced, on tho world without
tbe consent of the pooplo,    «
Tho manifesto claims that tho
terms of peace* do not represent th'e
voice of tho workers, who had no
part in tho making of tho treaty.
No. parliaments wero consulted, nor
were the people given a voice in the
mattor. Only tho ruling class representatives of tho great powers hnd a
voice in the matter ,and it is not to
be wondered at that tho treaty violates every principle that Labor,
holds sacred as\well: as every principle that tho Allied nations claimed
to stand for in the war. In the
wholo treaty there is not a single
word about the preservation of pop.
ular liberties, and tho Leaguo of Nations would seem to have been designed mainly for the purposo of protecting teh trading interests of the
Allied capitalists.
After outlining the constitution of
the League of Nations, the manifesto goes on to say that the terms of
the poaco settlement mako for war,
and not for peaco. They violated
almost all of President Wilson's H
points, the acceptance of which, by
l>oth the Germans and the Allies,
was responsible for the armistice.
They are opposed to the declaration
of tlio inter-Allied conference, and
tho Berne conference Thoy bear
the evidence of a compromise influen-
eod by capitalism and Imperialism,
and is a peace with vengeanco, instead of a peaco with- security. The
terms raise,-more dangers than .they
lay, and scatter dragons' teeth across
^Europe, opening up hopeless vendot-
tus and leaving the Germans no hope
but revenge.
Tho war-time attitude of the Al
lies in pledging the poople that thero
would bo no trado with Germany
after tho war. and the Allies presont:
attitudo of forcing Germnn trade
into the Allied countries in the interests of profit-making capitalism, is:
contrasted. The manifesto claims
that the poace terms havo been formulated from tha viewpoint of tho
international trador. The terms of
tho indemnity will make it Inevitable that the British markets will bc
flooded with German made goods,
causing the uu employment of British
workers. In order to get the indemnity imposed on Germany, the German workers will be fully employed,
whilst the British workers will bo in
dangor of starvation, and many of
them may be found seeking in Germany the employment denied thom
in their own eountry. Tho only section of the»British community likely
to benefit from the collection of tho
indemnity will be tho wealthy capitalists, who will thoroby bo relieved'
of the obligation to pay certain
Far from ending militarism,, the
penco treaty establishes militarism
more firmly than ever. All that has
been accomplished is that Prussian*
ism haa boen transferred from Germany to tho Allied countries, and.
that in a more intensified form.
Tho compulsory handing ovor of
peoplos and territories to foreign
dominations, as laid down in tho.
peace treaty, is an abrogation of
every principle of self-determination.
In the case of the people of tho Saar
Basin, although in every election*
they voted for Social Domocracy and
against the Kaiser and militarism,.
they aro now placed in bondage for
tho sins of Kaiserism. The handing
over of Shantung to the Japanese
has caused a feeling in tho for east
that is rapidly developing into a situation pregnant with tho possibilities of another disastrous war.
Tho Now Zealand Labor conforonco- demands self-determination for
India, Ireland, Egypt and other subject poople—such self-de termination
to be tho right of the poople to de*
termino by popular voto of adult
population as to their own form of
government. It also demnnds the
withdrawal of Allied troops from
Russia in tho torms of Article 6 of
President Wilson's 14 points, and the
end of recognition to all parties
fighting for tho downfall of tno So*
viet Republic. It also demands that
the blockade against Russia shall be
lifted, and that tbe Allies shall ceasq
supplying reactionary forces in that
country with arms and ammunition
to carry on their war against the So*
viet Republic,
Finally, the Now Zealand Labor
conferenco doolaros its firm conviction that tho world can never bo
mado safe for humanity whilo cupi*
tolism remains. It is, therofon, tho
duty of the workors to unite, indusf
trnilly nnd politically, in all countries, for thc purpose of superseding
capitalism with industrial democracy
which- is Socialism, and forming not
a Leaguo of Nations, but a Leaguo
of Peoples, with an international
unity which wll make warfare not
only unnecessary, but altogether in-
All privato employment agencies
must closo on Novembor 1, according
to Hon. J. W, de B. Farris, attorney*
goneral and minister of Labor In the
"Provincial govornmont. The Labor
department's chain of public employ-
moot office^ with its co-ordinated
activities linked up with aU tho other
provinces, is now complote, and the
order-in-council will be promulgated
tt onco, the ministor announces.
30 Magnificent
Dolmans and Cape Coats
—a Unt of handsome outer garments tbat wiU oottbi either
for stylish evening wraps or for day street woar.
This, in • line ot Traveller's Samples—exceptionally striking deiigni tod
novel trimming effects—values such at. yon won't ba offered again on garment* of this daw.
—Made up in Chinchilla Cloth, Bolivia,  Silvertone, Velour,  Frleie,  Serge
and /.ibelino
—In Tnrquoise, Pekin Blue, Fekin Green, Roit, Henna, Red, Reseda. Tanpa
and Navy
-Also  is Black  Hatin  trimmed with Braid and Marabout.
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Priced for
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ud Non-alcoholic wines of ill
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A Word
to the Wise
WE are selling out a lot of odd
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Food Licensi
No. 5-1061
A man may be great or little in*'
the eyes of his fclktw men; according to the standard by which ho is
Although there can only be ono
standard by which man can be truty
measured, there are many in operation, the outcome of ignorance, prejudice or the deliberate intention
to deceive with the object of furthering some auJUsh end.
It is a common practico among
many to uso standards devised by
themselves and bo it Ib a common
experience to hear the same individual referred to in terms diametrically in opposition.
The standards set up by com-
munittea as a whole aro invented
with much caro and forethought in
ordor to inculcato certain lines of
thought and modes of action as it
suits the convenience of the rulers
of such communities. These community standards are, of course, ar:
tificial and may bo changed or
varied at tho will of thoso rulers;
so that we may find a standard in
oporation at ono timo in thc history
of the community and, anothor, very
different, at work in the samo community, a generation or evon a
decade later.
Many a well-meaning and high-
minded youth sustained a moral
shock when at the commencement of
tho European cataclysm he heard hin
moek, turn-thc-othor-cheek friend
nnd pastor hounding him to war and
denouncing tho very traits he had
been for so long earnestly trying to
Probably many of thoBe youths
are still unnblc to reconcile their
pastors' contradictory tonchings and
in consequence may bc wandering
in tho outer regions of unbelief.
_ Lot nil such realize that the principles so earnestly taught by those
pastors aro not affected by thcir
change of front; that tho standard
of conduct was replaced by another
which was deemed necessary to meet
the dangor which had suddenly
threatened the nation; thnt it is the
social system on which the blame
must rest; that those poor pastors
are but products of thnt system ns
was tho thief upon the cross and ns
are the malefactors in our dungeons
and tho victims of disease rotting
and perishing in our hospitals.
As man evolves these standards
evolve with him, and Bome day thero
will be standards as fixed as tho
laws which govern the universe because they will grow out of thoso
laws; but that will not bo till tnnn
has conformed to those laws and
realized that tho great dance aftor
dollars waa not tho performance required of him when reason and self-
consciousness were bestowed upon
This fixing of tho moral stnndnrds,
however, cannot take place under
tho present system which in its
fundamental principlo is immoral itself.
At tho present time thero is much
confusion in the minds of men as to
what constitutes greatness.
It is indeed now more a matter
of opinion than a fixed certainty
based on a standard which is itself
fixed and unalterable. Do we not
find one part of the community honoring a man as groat and another
part regarding him with contempt?
And this is inevitable under a system founded on a crime and which
can have no practitcal ideals greator
than profiteering and profitmonger-
We have read recently of two of
the world's great men who hnve
gone forward with much laudatory
outpouring and many eloquent testimonials from tho world's press,
which will no doubt securo for them
"a good job" in which they can ex-
erciso their great talents and undoubted energy out somewhere in
the ethereal spaces of the cosmos.
Let us soo how they utilized thoir
great gifts of reason and self-
consciousness during their little day
of consciousness among the eternal
One of them early in his career
waa seised by an obsession which
forcod him to the all-absorbing task
of accumulating wealth. Having no
vision, and no conscience, his pseudo-
wealth grew into figures startling
and fascinating to the average mind.
He was pre-eminently successful,
and, measured by the dollar standard, he passed on into the unknown
in a veritable lather of glory and
Was he successful f
According to his own showing his
wealth brought him little satisfaction, nnd no happiness, and he seemed dimly to realizo that ho had prostituted his talents during tho infinitesimal span of timo which was al.
lotted to him for his probation.
Tho other great being won hiB
glory in a widely different sphere.
The great work of his span of life
was devoted to the encouragement
of the invention and improvement
of horrible engines of destruction
which society, as wo know it, must
possess in order to ensure security
in the demoralizing struggle in
which the nations and all individuals
are engaged. His mind was largely
occupied in improving the ways nnd
means of slaughtering his fellow mon
and adding to thoir powers of destruction, and ho won fame and became a great man in the councils of
the nation, and earthly honors woro
showered thickly upon him. This
man's mind, it is clear, during his
conscious life, was devoted almost
exclusively to the development of
destructive forces, for which purpose he employed all he knew of the
working of the natural laws.    -
In classing these two men as little
great men it must be remembered
that they wero but products of an
evil system, which demoralizes without exception ovory human being,
whether great or small, on the ontire oarth, so that the sum total of
evil H haa worked through the centuries is incalculable.
When we realize the stunted
reason, the crime, the misery and
the unnecessary suffering caused directly by it, a feeling of utter despair takes possession of. us.
The life of mm ia but af a apart
from the fire, as a bubble npon the
[By Nemesis] '
waters, and instead of the whole of
mankind uniting to devise the best
means of making life during that
little span easy and happy thoy have
in their stupid folly allowed a Bystem to develop which fills the world
with strife, crime and weariness, because thoy have not employed their
gift of reason but have been animated only by the selfishness and
ferocity inherited from tho jungle
aud the swamp.
Now thoro have always been in
each generation a few beings who
have recognized the sourco from
which theso miseries spring and
havo by their works endeavored to
mitigate them, and in doing bo hnvo
invariably como into collision with
tho wolfish ruling powors of the
Each goneratton tho number of
these men of virion is growing nnd
if that comprises our only hope, it
is yet a sure one to which to cling.
These men measured by the invented nnd artificial stnndnrds havo
been reviled and tortured through
each succeeding age, and yet it is in
thcir ranks that wo must look for
the really great mon, nnd tho only
grent mon that thc world has produced, the belittled great of tho
past and prosent.
Where aro  they now?
They, of tho present, nre incarcerated in thc dungeons of the various states.
They, who hqve passed on, are
sleeping for the most pnrt in unlettered graves; neither aro thcir
names to bo fonnd among tho grent
ones of the earth, and thus nre thoy
doubly honored for thcir glory ami
thoir worth could not bo measured
by the artificial standards.
They wore the littlo great men
that belong to God.
I am nn Englishman nnd second to
nono in my admiration for our
Shakespeare, who stands on the
highest summit ns   n   p'a*' i«sopmcul
poet His knowledge of human
nature, as manufactured by a ByB-
tom founded on the exploitation of
man, was remarkable; his paraphrases of Biblical truths, found
freely sprinkled through his works,
in their forco and beauty, stand
very near.to perfection; and his
whole language as a vehicle for conveying the great moral truths is
without equal in all our literature.
But ho was above everything a
ruler's poot, and wo look in vain for
any indignant expression of sympathy for his exploited fellows. Conventional expressions, such as we
find among fnshionable circles today,
and which are supposed to bo outward signs of an unsurpassable inward graciousness and generosity,
mny bo met with, but it iB doubtful
if he hnd nny conception of class-
consciousness or an inspired vision
of thc true dcBtiny of mnn.
There is a philosophical coldness
about his genius, which, howover
much it mny excite our aflmiration,
can nover inspire tho throb and
warmth of love in our hearts.
When man in the distant futuro
hns brokon himself free from his
bonds of exploitut'on, nnd his faculty of reason and his qunlity of love
are functioning to thcir utmost, he
will look back upon ub, his ancestors, with a great pity, yet not without ndmirution for our genius, and
he will choose from among ub the
beings upon whom to bestow the
eternal fnmo as mcnsuretl by his own
eternal standards, and I havo a notion that nfter judging the great
poets of tlie English Bpeaking racos
ho will place the laurel wreath of
thnt eternal fume upon thc marble
effigy of Robert Burns—loving,
tender-henrfod Bobbie Burns, with
his (lashes of humor; his vision of n
regenerated mnn; his hntrcd of all
opprfrtiors; his sympathy wilh tin-
weak nnd the Oistresscd nnd his
withering contempt for the tinselled
louts whom wealth had turned into
Labor's Progress
'111. ir;   %_f
In Grmt Britain
[By Nowton Jenkins]
There is now in contemplation in.
Great Britain a combination of thc
old Hne political parties into onc new
party to oppose the Independent Labor Party. While it is hard for us
in this country to got tho right slant
upon tho ninny angles involved in
such a situation, on its face it wotil.I
scorn an admission of the political
power of thoso who toil. If sueh a
coalition wore brought about it
would clarify the atomspluro nnd allow noses to bo counted upon tho
fundamental questions involving economics. Winston Churchill hns, according to the press, gone over thc
proposal with David Lloyd cGorgo,
and the new party, if formulated,
will be broad enough to include
Lloyd Georgo and Bonar Lniv. Tho
now party may be called tho Center
Pnrty and will include nil of the
"modernte men" of the Unionist
and Liberal Parties.
Thc coalition is only tho carrying
out of the combination effected during tho war. With thc initial success of tho spring drive by the Germnns in 1018, the government waa in
danger of falling. It was at thnt
time thnt Lioyd Goorge issued his
famous "coupons." Every member
of parliament who voted ut that time
to sustain thp premier got a "coupon." This "coupon" was a letter of endorsement of tho member at
tho next election, which camo immediately nfter thc terminntion of hostilities. Tho promier and tho "coupon" holders wcro triumphant at
thnt election. Now in tlio face of
the strength of Bob Smillie and the
laborites in England all of the old
party men are joining hnnda to
lengthen their leaso of power.
Independent Labor Party of Great
Twonty-flvo years ago Keir Hardie
started in England the Independent
Labor Party. When thc pnrty started out it had a well defined conception of what It was to achieve, Its
goal was Socialism; its method was
to weld tho workers into a politicul
party. While the Indopendent Labor
Party is not tho Lnbor Party, it is
affiliated with that party and acts
with it for electoral purposes. Its
candidates for parliament are run
in the goneral list of candidates for
which the Labor Party is responsi-
''.Jditcated democracy. To its economic Programme it hns drawn tho men
-ink1 women who are influenced by
tht'Vevoliitionaiv thought which war
''The British Labor Party last year
Wpi.hed its ranks to thoso who labor
in the professions as woll as thoso
who work with their hands nnd a
great number of doctors, barristers
nnd artists entered the lnbor field.
Capitalism grew nervous and now n
middle class union hns been started,
ostensibly to protect the peoplo who
nre between organized capitnl on one
hand und organized lubor ou tho
other. At first it seemed to bo a
genuine move to protect the "third
pnrty, tho public," but according to
W. L. George, in ho Loudon Duily
Herald, the new union is only n
modern reincarnation of our old
enemy, the Property Defense League.'? it is ovidently similar to the
J'citizen committees" that always
inject themselves into every industrinl difficulty that arises in this
(r.£.?rS..o) $1.50 PER YEAR
Coal Barons of U. S. Have
Special Treatment for
The violent death of Mrs. Fannie
Sellins, organizer for the United
Mine Workers in Weet Virginia, reminds ns again that ihe days of
Inartyrdom for organizers of the peo*
pie is not over.
Wost Virginia is a state where tho
great interests are allowed to have
private police, or wbat is known com1
monly as gunmen, whoso business it
is to produce violence to discredit
unionism. Not only is this their
business, but thoy have to keop
things hot to justify thcir employment. It is a system of private war-
faro allowed generally throughout
tho Unitod States.
Mrs. Sellins was holding a meeting
of strikers when ono of these gunmen flred a signal shot nnd then a
general barrage wns fired into tho
unarmed crowd from a company
plant. When it was over a dozen
men lav wounded on the ground, and
Mrs. Sellins.hnd boen shot twico
through the head. Her organizing
ability had caused the gunmen to
take especially enreful aim.
Had it happoned anywhere outside
of America, our wholo press would
have frothed at the mouth, and had
it happened in some week power, wo
would hnve heard talk of cleaning up
thc uncivilized. But sinco it happened in the United States, we shall
hear nothing of the kind and tho
blood of a martyr will find no spoedy
Women Workers Being Replaced
Steady reduction in tho number
of women employed by railroads is
taking place as thc result of demobilization nnd tho return of men to
thcir old jobs. From a high mark
of 101,785 -women employees October
I, IMS, the number has decreased
April 1 to 85,31)3.
The lirst women to bo let go wore
those engaged in heavy work in
roundhouses and shops. In the clerical occupations, such ns ticket soiling, where 72 per cent, of tho women wero used, small reduction has
taken place, 68,120 still boing employed.
Statistics compiled by the Rnilroad
administration show that 5,000 women were employed in shops and
1,0110 in roundhouses in 1818, doing
work as boilermakers, blacksmiths
and machinists, There were 377 women employed as station agonts, 50
as switch tenders, 031 pushing
trucks und 518 assigned as watch-
The form of organization adopted
indicates that at the beginning of
tho Independent Labor Party in the
nineties, tho creation of a national
party was not contemplated. After
tho conference of 1809 tho party
took shape as a federation of trnde
unions, Socialist societies, trades'
councils and local labor parties and
co-operative societies. Not until 1003
did tho lnbor candidates win any.
notablo success at tho polls. This
was due to several years of organi
nation and co-ordination* by tho I.a
bor Representations committee whieh
had been formed in 1800 in a conference of tho trade unions and So-1
cialist societies "to devise ways and
means of securing an increased numbor of members in parliament."
Between 1900 and 1906 David
Shaokleton was returnod for Clithe-
roo, Will Crooks carried Woolwich
over tho Unionist Party and Arthur
Henderson defeated tho Tory and
Liberal candidates at Barnard
Castle. In 1906 tho party had up
nfty candidates for parliament and
elected 29 of them. In 1910 forty
out of 78 Labor party candidates
won out Ia 1910 50 candidates were
nominated and 42 elected.
Thero are now T8S branches of
the Independent Labor Party. Thirty thousand pounds wu raised for
the reeent genernl elections. Itt
membership is increasing, witb recruits coming mainly from the young
Labor and the peace Covenant
It Is difficult to stato in so mnny
words whether labor as a wholo ia
for or against the Peaco Covenant.
Somo are for it, others aro againBt.
Among tho lirst to como out against
*# peaco terms were thc laborites
of Great Britain. Tho following is a
!pkn of the statement issued.
I f'Tbcy do not bring to an end
militarism, but fasten the syatem
moro flrmly on tho peoples of tho
Allied countries. Tho terms provo
,thut tho military success which is
claimed has brought about the loss
Of everything for which tbo people'
bbjied, when they wore called upon to
make tho stupendous sacrifices entailed by tho wnr, und thoy nro a
complcto ncgution and betrayal of
democracy. Tho treaty is a capitalist., military, nnd imperialist Imposition. It aggravates evory ovil which
e-Hstcd beforo 1914. It .does not give
tlie world peace, but tho certainty of
other and moro calamitous wars.
Among tho twenty-seven signatures that are attnebod are theso of
ninny woll known labor leaders.
Margaret Bondfleld, of tho Nationul
Federation of Women Workers; Robert Smillie, president ef tho Miners'
Federation of Great Britain) Georgo
Lansbury, editor of tho Daily Horald; Philip Snowden, M. P., and
chnirmnn of tho Independent Labor
Pnrty; Bon Turner, of tho General
Union of Textile Workers, and Bobert Williams, socretary of the Na.
tlonal Transport Workors' Federation, are perhaps best known in this
On tho othor hand, wo havo the
declaration of the American Federation of Labor at Atlantic City,
June 8th, which reads:
The Covenant ia net a perfect
Profiteering Down to a
Fine Art in thc
Cereal Trade
About as good an cxnmplo of
profiteering thai has yet been divulged is narrated by Mr. L. R.
Greene, marketing expert at Notre
Dnmo University. According to Mr.
Greene, a farmer iu the Northwest,
drove to a flour mill with a ton of
wheat. After unloading it, he
drove to another door of tho samo
mill and bought a ton »f bran, the
husks of the wheat. He paid nearly ten dollars inoro for tho bran
than ho got for thc whent. He
would havo done botter had ho fed
tho wheat to his cattle.
"Mr, Greene cites other instances
of profiteering. For instance, swcot
corn that costs thc canners about 3
conts a can is sold to the consumer
nt 20 to *10 cents n enn ,nccording
to tho canning. Thc fnrmer gets
eighteen dollars for a ton of corn
that retails from onc hundred nnd
nineteen dollars to tivo hundred and
thirty-eight dollors. I„ April, ]»]8,
milk sold in New York for 14 eents
n quart which cost the wholesaler
6% cents a quart. Thc eost of mnr-
I 'ing New York milk then, ranges
from 8% cents to 12'/j cents a quart.
"The stornge system bas degenerated from n fine plnn to givo the
people summer foods all tho year
round to onc by which tbo prices of
fresh und seasonable foods nro high
to consumers in season nnd nlmost
prohibitive out of season. Tbe stornge system, ns now bandied, is i
aetual menace to thc poople."
In abysmal depths of sorrow, misery
and anguish,
A   form—pale   atrophied—doth   lny
and droops ami languish.
'Tis truth, thc symbol of sincerity
nnd right,
Imploring with her eyes nnd heart
for liborty ond light.
But, alas!  'tis all in vain, for vilo
hypocrisy is rife,
And like a blighting pcstilcnco, its
venom swoops through lifo
For oven Justice is not Just, and
Renson is insane,
Tbe vory universe itself, witb vico is
all aflame,
to be told where snd how
to nve money theso d»y«,
•nd we tell you—without
hesitation and without prevarication—that, so far as
for both Hen snd Women sn
concerned, there is no place to
save money to the same extent as yoa eta at oui store.
We sell you suits of saeh
excellence ud quality that sot
only please yon fsr beyond all
others but, on account of the
"thorough" quality built into
them by expert masters of the
tailoring eraft, they look well,
wear well and remain genuinely
good suits leng after others havo
gone into the discard.
Ohl fatuous retainers of insane greed
Ohl rapacious usurers—lust sntiatod
Canst, or will not, tear thine avaricious eyCB unloose
From euch foul principles and practice—falsities profuse.
Ohl   fool,  transgressors,  yeal   and
vandal, hellish;
Drunk with   wino of  sacrilege, all
vilo deeds do»t thou cherish.
For thou dost mutilate and ravago
that noblest work of art,
Sculptured by dame nature—a gift—
God's counterpart.
Come, unlock the dungeon gates of
Ignorance nnd Lies
Thon, truth will out, and knowledge,
justice, lovo will all ariso
To dominate, the universe and indeed
'twill truly be
A realm and roign of perfect bliss
until eternity.
—T. F. M.
For having in his possession
seditious leaflet entitled "Rutbloss
Warfare" and another leaflet making allegations as to thc treatment
ef prisoners, in Belfast gaol, Mnthnw
Butler waB scntcuced to six months'
hard labor by a Dublin court-martial.
A World Within the World
Insido a world withiu Ae world,
Yet from the world cut off,
Whore beauty's flag is ne'er unfurled,
And men at mankind scoff,
I live—ah I no, it is not life
Where all is drab and gray
Tho world outside this world within
Now seems so far away.
And yot that world outside this world
Lies really close at hand
For sometimes from that world outride
I greet a little band.
They tell mo of the things that were,
It seems so long ago;
Of things they Bay which happen in
That world I used to know.
For nothing seems to happen here,
Each day is just the same,
Here grim faced men revile and curs*
And lose aU sense of shame;
They daily go their morbid round
Of senseless work and waste—
Inside this world within the world—
Titae only doea'not haste.
Out in that world outside this world   .
A woman waits for me,
A woman with a tear-stained face—
And prattling children three.
Seven other men with wives and kida
Are down in hell with me;
Thoir seven women daily wait -
Thoir husband's company.
Oh! worki outsido this world within
Do you take nny thought
How in this world inside your world
Men 'h Hves are brought to naughtf
Down here the flag of joy and Ufa
Ih never once unfilled.
The world outsido must never tee
This world within the world.
For here one dare not laugh nor sing,
Nor do things pleasantly;
Thc only music is a dirge-
Life's ^broken symphony.
For this steel world inside the world
Is from the world cut off.
Hero songs but turn to hymns of hate
Where men at mankind1 scoff.
—W. A. PKITCHABD, Winnipeg Provincial Jail, Later
Day, 1930.
document, and perfection is not
claimed for it. It doos, howover,
mark the nearest approach lo perfection thnt hns over boon reached
in tho international affairs of mankind.
"It provides tho best machinery
yet devised for tho prevention of
war. It places humnn relations on
n now bonis anil -endeavors to enthrone right nnd justice instead of
strength and might ns thc arbiter
of international destinies. We declare our indorsement of tho triumph of froodom and justice and
democracy as exemplified in tho Cov.
ennnt of thc Leaguo of Nations,"
Favor Boycott of Vessels
Carrying Munitions to
Aid Autocrats
Tho following resolution made by
tho organized seamen of Italy,
coupled with tho attitude of labor
tho world over, speaks volumes for
the solidarity that is growing in the
ranks of the working class. The
resolution states:
'Alt thc crews of Italian steamers aro disposed to go to prison or
bo sont to the bottom of tho harbor
iih thcir steamers rather thun allow themselves to contribute to thc
defeat of the Russian People's Revo
lution. We are convinced that such
a defeat would moan the defeat ot
labor everywhere. Wc invite all
other labor organizations, especially
seamen, to boycott all steamers chartered by internatioanl capitalism
against WorkerB' International
which is now massing its Red vanguards on the battlefields of revolutionary Russia."
And thus you think yon think your
thought; you really think with hii,
or rather just the onea he taught—eo
mighty good for Bir. So I dont
greet the Master 'a voice with echoes
of his own, but seek to rouse in
slaves tho choice of power all their
own. Hence though I wrote in rambling rime from dawn to eventide,
would any press pay me a dime to
mako tho plugs wide-eyedf Not
much, you bctt so to The fled. I mako
my weekly bow. Though I get not
onc singlo red, I'll make some reds
Melbourne—After nearly four
months of idleness, the wharves are
now in full swing, Tho longshoremen aro resuming work pending settlement of tho matters which aro
now the subject of negotiations with
the government. Tho round-table
conference, convened by tho govern*
mont to sottlo questions in dispute
between the seamen and their employers, is now sitting.
[By Pracnuncius]
y<in   litiow    thn    fp|Imv,    nnmo    nf
Walt, who writes thoso rippling
rimes, winch ends of lines abruptly
halt, and foul you oftentimes. Just
fancy ruking in thc dough by simple
stunts like that, instead of Poor-job-
luinliug-Bo, with pockets always
flat. Of course, it's very clever,
smart and all that sort of stuff; but
tell mc, partner, did you start to
think—and think enough? Suppose
I wrote like Frankic Crnno the uplift dopo of dronos; they'd say I had
n wondrous brain and slide across the
bones. The recipe is simple—quite:
Oo lick tho bosses' boots, and always be servile, polite and never
"lino yer doots" about the guff thoy
peddle you, in school and church and
press, but always make believe it's
truo—that's how to gain success.
Don't tell tho truth, but bo astute
and keep tho peoplo dense. Just
bo a mental prostitute—tho proflt*
aro iramcnBc. That's how ho pulls
tho wool across—why ho pays count
The Tailor
Huh** culled for and deliver*
ed.   Work guaranteed.
Phona Sey. 3208
Phon. Sermonr 7169
Third   noor.  World  BolkUat,  Tu-
cour.r, B. O.
b Economical.   Tin I
loss scribes; King Capitnl'cnn il.nil.li-1 It curiae ••redeemable far uetiel
•rtclee •• are a further ecoooap.
cross tbt minds   ke   circumscribes.. PAGE FOUR
eleventh yeab. No. 38     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancodveb, b. o.
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A. S. WELLS...
Office:   Labor  Temple,   405 Dunsmuir  Street.
Telephone Eichange, Soymour 7495
After (i p.m., Soy. 7497K	
Subscription Bates: United States and Foreign,
$8.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per year; in
Vuneouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, $1.25 per member per year.
Unity of Labor: Tbe Hope of the World
...Septomber 19, 1919
WE hsve not met the Prinoe of
Wales. We don't expect to. But
should he visit our sanctum, he will be
treated as a man, not a puppet. The.
pi-ess has been filled with different articles showing that
A SUGGESTION he u a manly fel-
FOB THS low. He has been
PRINCE OF WALKS pictured as rid-
. ing with cowboys,
and in the eompany of other common
people. We have in our time done worse
than that. We have met and talked with
section men; in fact we havo eaten with
them and worked in thc ditch with them.
We never felt auy better for having done
io, but record it as a matter of fact. As-
mming that the Prince is as manly a fellow as the press pictures, we would suggest for his entertainment in Vancouver,
. that a corral be erected, and all the writers of newspaper piffle about him be
driven into it, and then turn the Prince
loose with a good-siwd horsewhip. If he
is as near as manly a fellow as pictured,
he would have the time of his life in
whaling into that bunch of sycophants
and piffle, writers, who make any decent
person—and we think we can i»clude the
Prince—sick with their nauseating piffle
and snobbery.
If Lloyd Qeorge recognizes that the end
of thc present system is in sight, and he
is in sympathy with the rising democracy,
why did he allow the intervention in
Bussia. Why docs he not take a stand
for the right of self-determination of nations, and which right he talked so mueh
about during the war. Words will not
solve the problem. They will not stem
the tide of industrial democracy which
will in thc march of events wipe out the
only cause of misery in the Britiah, or any
other empire, and that is the present system. If Lloyd Qeorge is of the opinion
that by mouthing platitudes, he can offset the work of Bob Smillie, and the
growing class-consciousness of the workers; if he is of the opinion that he can
gather together .the so-called radical element of the bourgeoise, and stem the tide
whioh is bound eventually to bring the
capitalistic world about the ears of the
ruling class, then he is fooling no one but
himself and the class he represents. The
workers have from time immemorable
been fooled by the platitudes of the politicians, but that day is gone. They now
look at the actions of the individuals, and
not the empty words of politicians.
ONCE again Lloyd Qeorge, Premier
of Qreat Britain, has sent out a
message to the people of the British Isles.
In that message he says mueh, but what
he means is rather obscure. Quite a
number of years ago,
before he was Premier,
in the City Temple in
London, the Wizard of
of Wales gave an address that would lead the uninitiated in
the tactics of politicians to believe that
he was a radical of the radicals. In that
address, as in the message delivered this
week, he referred to the conditions of the
toilers. Just as any Socialist would do,
he pictured the miseries of the workers
under the existing system, but when he
came to the place where it was time to
offer a remedy for the existing evils, he
stopped. It may be only a coincidence
that the latest message is sent oat after
the defeat of the government candidate in
Widnes by Arthur Henderson. But realizing that the defeated candidate was
chosen with every care, so that every
possible political advantage could be
gained by the government, it would appear as if Lloyd Qeorge realizes th'at the
people are insistent in their demands for
a new order, and a new life, and that
something must be done to prevent what
looks like the inevitable defeat of the
government at the next election.
* »        < ^
The Premier of Qreat Britain is one of
the astutest politicians of the age, if he
is not the most astute and tricky politician that the old lond ever produced.
Press despatches are stating that   it   is
possible that-he will now lead a new Liberal Labor Party in   the   near   future.
Realizing the ability of the wily Welshman, it is quite possible to link up these
press statements with hia pronuncemento,
snd his desire to, still   continue   at the
head of the government, no mitter what
color or aspect   that   government   may
assume.  These tactics have already kept
bim in position for a considerable time.
From a real honest to  Qod Liberal,  he
changed to the Conservative and coalition Imperialist so that he might achieva
his ambition, and his path   of   political
progress is strewn with the wrecked ambitions of his old-time friends and colleagues.   While these methods have in
tho past achieved his object, times have
changed.  He, like all politicians and ruling class statesmen, think that the workers are to be satisfied by words and more
words.   In making the following statement, he merely utters a platitude:
"The old world must and will come
to an end.   No effort can shore it up
much longer.   If there be any who
led inclined to maintain it, let them
beware lest it fall upon   them   and
overwhelm them and their households
in rum.   It should bc   the   sublime
duty of all without thought of partisanship to help in thc building of the
now world, where labor shall have its
just  reward,  and   indolence   alone
shall suffer want."
* *        *
But is he prepared to bring about that
Mnidijion that will sec that indolence
alone shall suffer want? If we go back
into thc history of Lloyd George we find
that he has not in any of his actions, or
policies since in power, taken any step
that would free the workers from their
miserable conditions. Ho has opposed
the nationalization of railways, he has
been ever on the side of the Imperialists.
While the people wcro informed that the
British troops would be withdrawn from
Bussia, he has, as. head of the govornment, sanctioned the blockade of that
country, and the aiding of the murderous
and brutal Kolchak, aud tho reactionary
forces represented by Denikin, which
have even disturbed the representatives
af the old regime. If he recognizes that
thc old world, and that must of necessity
be the present system, is falling down,
why his acceptance of the imperialistic
policy and the destruction of the Bussian
democracy t
OTHINQ has been said that would
indicate that the amendments to
the Immigration Act will bc discussed at
the Industrial Conference now sitting.
Had the labor representatives at that
gathering been alive.
UNITY IS' 'to the interest of the
NEEDED ON working class, not a
THIS QUESTION single thing would
have been done until
the government had given assurances that
the amendments in question would be rescinded. No legislation that has ever
been passed by the Dominion Parliament
has greater possibilities—has greater
possibility of being used against working
class organizations, and members of organizations endeavoring to bring about
changed and better conditions for the
workers. Under the amendments in
question, any worker who was not born
in this country can be arrested and deported at the will of the authorities. No
proper trial can be demanded, and all
procedure of the usual courts of justice
is dispensed with. As the interpretation
of the act is taken from the jurisdiction
of the courts, and the amendments are so
worded as to make it possible for any
individual who speaks against government, to be classed as an undesirable, no
individual who in any way, shape or
form opposes the present system of society can rest safe from the clutches of
the ruling class.
* * *
Under the act as now amended "Any
person who is a member of or affiliated
with any organization entertaining or
teaching disbelief in or opposition to organized government shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to belong to
the prohibited or undesirable classes, and
shall be liable to deportattion in the manner provided in this Act."
»        »        •
Under this clause, any member of a
Socialist party, or labor party, which advocates the bringing about of a change
in the present system, can be construed to
be an undesirable, and can be arrested
and deported without protest being, of
any use.
There is not a Socialist in the country
who does not advocate a change in the
methods of production and distribution,
and this change when established must
inevitably do away with organized government as we now know it, and institute in its place an administration of industry, and the production of wealth for
use instead of profit. Under the act it
can be construed that a Socialist who
teaches the same philosophy as has been
taught in all countries of the world under capitalist domination for many years,
is an undesirable and subject to deportation. To belong to the Federated Labor
Party or the Dominion Labor Party can,
if the ruling class so wills, be construed
to bring any individual under the provisions of Section 41 of the Immigration
Act, and whioh, aa already stated, provides for deportation, and no redress.
a e a
Of course we realize that a Socialist is
undesirable to a capitalistic government.
Ho eould not be otherwise. But at thii
age and date, when men holding Socialist views, and men who are daily advocating a new order of society, are members of the British House of Commons,
and after men of this type have sat in
the legislatures of this country, to allow
a statue of this nature to remain on the
statue books without protest, is giving
into the hands of the ruling class a
weapon that will no doubt be used unmercifully in the future aa tha Socialist
movement becomes a greater menace to
the rule of capital. While labor is divided on many other matters, it would appear to us that this, is surely one question
that there should be no division on. If
any individual commits any crime, the
courts of the land are there to take caro
of him. But the star chamber methods
which can be used under the Immigration
Act as it now stands, savors of the most
tyrannical and oppressive government
measures that were over enforced. With
anarchist^ we have no sympathy. They
are thc enemies of the working class.
Men aro social animals, and get their living socially. The Socialist philosophy is
that as men get thoir living by social
effort, they should socially own that
which they produce. Thc anarchist would
have every man a law unto himself. This
idea is the direct antithesis of Socialism.
But whilo social effort is necessary to
provide for the social needs, thc individualistic theory is impossible. In fact, capitalism is individualistic, while thc workers produce socially. The ownership is
more or less individual, and a denial of
the ocial idea. But recognizing that anarchists, or those who believe in doing
away with individuals with the idea of
accomplishing somethfrig for the workers, do exist, men of this type can be
tii nil with in open court, and can be re
frained from their imbecility in the
usual manner. Star chamber methods-
will only aggravate -the situation, and, as
in other countries where repressive measures and the anarchistic idea of removing
individuals has been held by governments,
these methods will bring a greater number of anarchistic ideas in their train,
and in the minds of the proletarians at
that. Cannot Trades Congress, which will
open its annual convention on Monday,
along with all other organizations representing the workers, tako a stand on this
question? Now is the time to act. Delay
will be fatal.
Labor must have its own reward, says
Lloyd George. The question is who is to
say what the reward is to be? Shall it
be Lloyd George or Bob Smillie?
Did somebody say that there were
many men unemployed in the city? Oh,
well, there arc to be a number of arches
built for the visit of the Prince of Wales.
More productivity is the slogan.
Lord Fisher sure means to be ready for
the next war. Of course he forgets that
thn last war has been fought. Was not
the lately concluded bloodfcst carried on
to ond war? Somebody should call his
attention to this and save him wasting his
(Continued from page 1)
The canvassing for funds for thc general hospital is another evidence of the
rottenness of tho -present system. The
caring for the people's health is a matter
of charity. Under a sane order of society
it would be a national question and not
left to chance. >
Now comes the proposal to sell part
of our Empire to the Americans in order
to pay off thc war debt. What sedition
is this that is talked of in our midst,
Perish the thought. Sell a part of the
Empire that .the sun never sets on, not if
we go bankrupt.
Another prospect has been knocked on
the head. B. C. has lots of lumber. England needs houses, but the authorities
have decided that wooden houses, like
wooden heads, are of little use. What
will the lumber manufacturers have to
do now, poor things?
The press reports that Sam Gomperj
will be neutral in the Boston pottcj;
trouble, aud the steel workers' dispute!.
Who ever expected him to be anything
else when it is a question between capital and labor. Sam is very glib in month-,
ing platitudes when he realizes that there!
is no danger of anything coming of them,
but when it comes to a scrap, then Seat
is very busy, very busy, in keeping out
ofit-   .   [fj
During the South African War, Gencrsj
De Wet was like unto a Chinese puzzl*.
Firat he was there, then he was not, and
nobody ever knew where he was until he
was finally cornered. The Russian situation has, however, provided a more
elusive individual than was De Wet, in
the person of Admiral Kolchak: If onc
had have taken the press reports of this
individual's activities, the successes he
has gained, the reverses he has met with,
etc., and had kept thom on file, they
would show a versatility never beforc
known in the leader of military forces.
Last week he was defeated decisively by
Ihe Bolsheviki forces, and his army
routed, if not captured. This week he has
broken the Bolsheviki lines in three
places. Verily the fortunes of war do
Bigg and others, he aaid that he was
willing to be indicted by tbe masters—he expected that—but would
not soe treachery in the ranks of
the workers. Hs stated that the
0. B. U. was not a revolutionary organization; it could not bo as its
functions were the extension of tho
trade union movement made necessary by the development of industry..
Iu conclusion, bo stated tbe light
is not a oue-man flght- it is a matter
for the rank and ille, and tbat the
new form of organization would
demonstrate 'its efficiency, and at
tho same timo give an opportuuity
froe from rod tape of educating the
workors as to the truo stato of
Thc defense committee reported
that there would be a mass meoting
in the Arona rink on Wednesday
next at 8 p.m., when there wouldd
be opportunity to hear more on the
Winnipeg situation.
Tho seeretary reportod that tho
work of organizing the faotory*
workors was stitl boing carried on,
aud thut some complaints us to noncompliance with the minimum wage
taw wore heing attended to, aud
that at loast threo barber shops
would have tha 0. B. U. card in tho
noxt woek.
Teamsters, Loggers and Engineers
and Millmen aU reported increused
membership, and the Cigarmakers
reportod trado as boing good. The
teamBters will in futuro along with
the auto mechanic* and warehouseman, bo known as the Transport
0. B. U. Unit. The counoil adjourned at 9.30 p.m.
Chas. Lestor will be tho speaker at
the Columbia on Sun-day evening.
The chair will be taken by Comrade
Bait. There is a possibility of B.
E. Bray arriving in the city on Sunday, and should he do so, -he will be
asked to speak. It will be remembered that Comrade Bray, who is a
roturned man, is ono of the eight
men arrested in the Peg.
Comrade Tom Bichardson reports
the holding of very good meetings
in northern B. C, whero he has been
for the pnst week. Comrado Bichardson expects to got back next
TWEED, with vulcanized rubber lining. These are made
up with raglan
sleeves, and are
nice, easy - fitting
820 Granville Street
Seymour 2359
MaMaee „. 2.30
Evening* _ 8.20
The Germans aro not now called baby
killers. Tbe Allies have beat them at
that game, too. God knows we have no
taBte for propaganda in atrocities, but
capitalism regards the detailing of atrocities as its best argument against Soviet
Russia, and as an argument it should be
equally good, if true, against capitalism.
We know that the Red Terror has nothing on the White Terror in Russia. But
the killing by starvation, by the blockading Allies, of hundreds of thousands of
innocent women and children, who can
tell tho story f It never will be told. The
teller breaks down before the end is told.
No, it is not the peoples of the alied nations who are guilty of this, the greatest
atrocity of all time, but it is allied capitalism, whieh is just the same aa Hun
capitalism. Business 1 profits I There is
no crime too horrible to be committed in
thy name. , ijbj^iu ;'
Thc press states that Emma Goldman
is to be deported. Romeo Albo has also
to be returned ta the land of his birth as
an undesirable. Russia and Italy are,to
have another well-posted worker each.
This deportation business is sure funny.
If it is adopted by every oountry there
will have to be reciprocity, and Rurfa
may get a rebel, Canada may get ogo,
and the United States get one, and eventually it will be there you are where you
are. The ruling class does not realize
that the system is international, and that
■to deport a worker from one country to
another does not affect thc sum total of
opposition to capitalism one whit. The
deportees will have the same' knowledjjb
in any country, and will expound their
theories in any land, and capitalism will
have the same number of opponents, ana
as the days go by they will have more,
as the conditions are compelling more
and more workers to realize their position
in society. *"
Every worker who has any class knowledge should bc on hand at the Arena
Rink ncx-t Wednesday. The arrest of
eight meu means much more than appears
on the face of it.
Wo have taken the stand that U. S.
capital was behind the Winnipeg Btrike.
It is to be noted that U. S. capital is represented at the industrial conference at
Ottawa,   Do yeu soe the connection!
25c Cascarets  - «—IW
J1.50 Fellow's   Syrup    *.....|1.18
aflo Steedman's Powders  21c
30o Odor ono  MC
$1.00 Nuxated Iron  - 69c
25o Carter's  Pills   - Wo
85c Dandorino  ....  _ _.-.25c
50c Hold's Tar Shampoo  .........29c
75c Cannon  Pace  Powdor  „...47tf
25o Beeeham's Pills         17c
50c Emulsified Cocoanut Oil 25c
$1.00 Liquid Arvon  .78c
SOc Rald'i Hair RqBtqrer  —S*c
25c Witch  Hazol Shavinu  Stick.-18o
91.00 Reid's TantelfBH Cod  Liver
Oil      H«
SOc Velnor Shampoo  -85c
25c Beld'a Embrocation   —17c
75c Hanford's Balaam of Myrrh....SSe
50c Reld'a Rcieraa Ointment 896
OOo California Syrup of Figa  44c
S5c Colgate's Dental Cream ..- 20c
25c Reid'a Corn Care  ;_...17c
SOc Pond'a Vanishing Cream  36c
91,00 Dorina Faoe Powder  65c
35c Reid's Almond Cream  ~...21c
91.00 Ferrovim  "8c
SOc French Face Powder  -We
| 86c Liquid Veneer 17C |
91.00 Reid's Hair Tonic  Mc
SOc Bay Rom  33c
SOe ftnifc-frtlvu  —31«
Vanconver Drug Co.
nanooisis or vutcouvbb
—au Stem—
tOO Heetlnfo  St. W Sej. 1»«5
T Hsetln IB  St. W. Ber. 85J2
413 Main   St 8ef. 0(00
782 Oranvllle St.   Sejr, 7018
1700 Commorolel Dr High. 338
8r.ii.UI. ud Broedwer....Ber. 3814
We Save
You Money
the   rery
Fineat    Gowninont
Crcainory   Butter,
3 lbs.   	
Guaranteed Nov Laid
Eggs, per doaen ....
Bogora' Etyrup,. 5-lb. oan PQ _
Largo owa for *■*■—
Corn Flakes, extra
special, 2 tor. ..._
Grape Nuta, per
package _____
Shredded Wheat,
package _ —.
Australian Jama, 8 tui
por lb. .
Crisco, Mb. can
Sib. cans
tor ■—
S.T. Wallace's
Phon. Seymour 1868
Other Bij Foataree
Phone Sey. 2492
Beginning Monday,
September 22nd '
"The Prince
and the
For OU and Young
Featuring America's Olevemt
Child Actress
A Wonderful Story Blended
With Laughter and Tears
What about renewing your sub. t
"Rich texture treatments aro combined with
exceedingly tasty pattern
" Precise tailoring emphasizes the distinctive
style innovations oi our
Semi-ready Suits.
"Characteristics that
are desirable and pleasing
help mako these* the highest quality clothes.
"The. finest impression
you obtain from their outward attractions ia lived!
up to by the inside tailoring—
"The integrity of the
price in the poekefc—the
same price West as Bast
—has never been questioned."
655 Oranvillo
Wd ate In a position to soil the following st sdvontogooiis prloee: Canada
Oil ,4 Venture, Flit Meadow., Spartan,
Empiro, Lono Star, 0. Tex. Wt. mer,
Trojen, Boundary Bay, International and
other good stocks.
433 Homer Bt Phons Sey. 7369
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
Hastings St W.
Vancouver. R C.
FBIDAT. September 19* WM
Our buyers have been described by the Amsterdam cutters as the most fastidious of all those
who go over to Europe to buy diamonds. They
carefully inspect eaoh and every stone in the
purchaso, and accept none but the perfect gems.
You thus have every assurance that your Birks'
Diamond, whether it costs $25, $250, or $2500,
is actually the best that can be obtained.
Oeo. E. Trorey
Managing Dir.
Oranvllle ft
Oeorgia Sta.
,t_\w* _____________
The blend which
never changes —
finest * quality and
The choice of the successful hostess
Hy method of construction is perfected according
to thc fundamental principles of dental science.
All plates are theoretical!;
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
ease of articulation.
Corner of Robeoa Street      ■
Over Owl Drag Stor.        i
Thn. Bey. SS3I 1
Dental Ban. in Attendance
Stevenson Hat Works
Vanconver, B. 0.
Men's and Women' Hats of every
kind cleaned and blocked.
moobpouatid tm
Bank of Toronto
AMOtl QV«.
Joint Savings Account
JOINT Strings Account mar Om
opened ut The Stink of Tinnto
1« ihe nuu uf two or   moi*
 ■*.    Ia   these   uecoonla   either
party may slgtx chequea or depoelt
money. For the different memben
of • ftnily or • firm ft Joint fteoout
U often » neat convenience. Inteml
li pftld Oft balMcee.
Yancorrer Br inch:
ONMt Htittoff tnd CamUo Stmto
Breathee et:
Victoria,   Herrltt, Hew Wsrtminrttr
Have you the new telephone directory lor Vancouver and tho Lower
Mainland! If you have not, inquire
for it, eo that you may have telephone
listings up  to  date.
Some people think any directory
will do, but when you use an old book
you inconvenience yourself and delay
eervlce on tbe part of tho operator,
About 0.000 changes nro made between one issue of the directory and
anothor, bo yon can aee bew many
tlmea yon may call the wrong number
if yoar directory ie not the lataat.
283 Abbott Stwet
Snnday, 3 p. m.
Hear MAJOE 0. 0. OWE*, u
Brotherhood on the Battlefield
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7.30 p.m.
Sunday achool Immediately following
morning Bervice. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
________   Birt,   Bldg.
Dr. H. E. HaU
Opposite Holden Blook
last Beet of B. 0. Eleolrlo Pspat
Phone Sep. Mil
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores.
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Oui business is savins
money for your family ana
for you.
Crown Life Ins. Co.
Thhe Say. 710
Prov. Managor.
Slug np Phona Seymour ISM tn
Dr. W. J. Curry
Sutte SOI Dominion BoiUUnf
VANCODVEB, B. a     ' s_____.
£BIWT_j^J^tanW lt, 'kit
r_m-~- -na, x.. »    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONS!'    vancouvhb, r o,
*^-^ww.. mettnumtm mtaummwimjiM.uM\.u.ML*.iK,.*m*?fe^m>*wamt
"■'  '■ I -«^——■——«We—
There Is Urgent Need Here for
Money—Yes, and More Money
Break your purse strings if necessary. This big institution is facing a financial crisis. Please help put the
drive across. Your contribution will be welcome and if all will help the committee may reach the Quarter Million
mark by Saturday, .
More Canvassers Wanted
After you have made your contribution, get out and work. Tbe final success of the drive depends very largely
upon the number of women and men who will give a few hours each day to the canvass.
The Money Is Here—Vancouver Never Before Was in
Such a Favorable Position to Aid This Worthy Cause
The Hospital will
Be Out of Debt
There is no question of that, for the citizens
are giving. The $166,000 against the institution
will be wiped off. But the $225,000 must be
passed to secure the $25,000 conditional grant
of the city. The hospital must bave a working
capital to keep it out of debt in future. The
lack of cash to buy in the open market, together
with free work, put the hospital in the Condition
in .which it finds itself today. Should the hospital have to worry over finances or devote its
fuU energy to the treatment of patients!
Criticisms HaVt Been
Turned Into Cai & Since
the Drive Commenced
Those persons who made the statement—probably
through ignorance—that the hospital refused to take
patients beeause they had not funds, have been put right.
Many of them subseribed to the drive. The faet it that
no hospital in.. Canada will refuse to treat a patient.
There are instances where there is great demand on
private wards, which bring the hospital in additional
revenue. It hai sometimes been deemed wise for the
hospital authorities to ascertain whether payment it
forthcoming or not. If no assurance ean be given the
patient is never* refused, although he or she may be
placed in a publio or semi-public ward.
The hospital does not operate the ambulances. Any complaints regarding'theso vehicles should not be made to the hospital authorities.
Help the Hospital Today
All patients receive treatment which is the last word in medical and surgical skill
and nursing. It's an institution which is capable of coping with any epidemic which
might visit the city. What would be the result if part of the equipment of this insti ■
tution were taken away! What would happen if it were found necessary for ;
Section of this hospital to be closed! Kecently it was found necessary to close pan
of the Montreal General Hospital owing to lack of funds.
Here, then, is the crisis which the Vancouver General Hospital faces today. Tlie
largest hospital in the Dominion and the fourth largest on the American continent,
faces a deficit of $160,000. This haa been accumulating for the paat 17 years.   It i
not due to poor management or extravagance, but to the inoreased cost ofoperatii
ud lack of support
Citizens are being asked to wipe off the deficit and place the institution on a
Bound financial footing. The objective is $250,000, the balance to give the management a Forking capital, j Buying for cash means a saving of approximately $1500
a month. ,\n
Give What You Can-Give It Now
Help the Ho
Appeal to the
WORKINGMEN: Yoa are the ones
that are mostly dependent on the
General Hospital.
While realizing that all is not as it should be,
yet the Hospital fills a need TODAY. HELP
the Hospital NOW, you may need-its aid later.
Do lt Now! PAGE SIX
SLEVEwra teab. No. m    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. e.
FBIDAY ...September lt, 1(1>
Beef! Beef!
From 10c per lb.
23,600 lbs.
Another Car of Our Own Just Arrived
Will Be Sold Saturday at the CAL-VAN
36 competitive stallholders are anxious
to serve you. Everything of the best,
and at prices that defy competition.
ALL CABS STOP AT THE DOOR (Opposite Pantagee)
Vancouver Unions
eemtlve Mmraittee: President, K.
Win eh; liee-president, J. Kavanagh;
treason?, F. Knowles; aerfoant-at-arnu,
W. A. Alexander; trnstoea. W. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil, H.
Gatteridfa; ••crotary, V. R. MidgU-y,
Boon 210 Labor Temple
dl—MeaU aecond Monday in the
■oath. Prealdeat, J. F. McConnell; im*
retary, g. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.
tional Union of America, Locnl No. 120
—Meeta aecond and fonrth Tuesdays In
the month, Room 306 Labor Temple. Preaident, C. E. Herrltt; aeeretary, R. A.
Webb,  184 Hastinga atroet weat,
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meeta A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleaaant,
Iat and Srd Mondaya at 8 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell; reeordlng aeeretary, F. E. Griffith, 6419 Commercial
Drive; treaaurer, E. S. Cleveland;
financial secretary *ad basinesi agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main Btreeta.        	
Carpenters—Meets Room 307 every
2nd and 4th Tuesday in each month.
President, J. W. Wilkinson; recording
secretary, W. J. Johnston, 78.—24th Ave.
W.; financial aeeretary, H. A, Maedonald,
Room 212  Labor Temple,
aad Reinforced Ironworkers, Loeal 97
—MeeU aecond and fourth Mondays.
Preaident Jaa. Haatinga; financial aee-
retary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 1646
llth Ave. Eaat. __._
Loeal No. 617—Meeta every second
and fonrth Monday evening, 8 o clock,
Labor Temple. President, J. Beid; secretary, E. J. Tamoin, 1223 Georgia East;
bnsiness agent and financial secretary,
G.   C.  Thom,  Room  208   Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7495. ;	
213—MeeU at 440 Pender Street
Waat, every Monday, 8 p.m. Preei-
deat, H. H. Woodside, 440 Pender W.j
recording aeeretaryt W. Foulkea, 440 Pen-
Ott Street Weat; financial secretary and
bualneaa agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pander Btreet Waat; aaaiatant aecreUry,
f. R. Barrows,
* WAREHOUSEMEN, Vaneonver Unit
of O. B. u.—Meets every Wednesday, 8
p. m. President II. Mills; businesa
agent, F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenue
Eaat; aeeretary-treasurer, J. Hartley, 687
Homer street. Office, 587 Homer atreet.
Pbone, Sey. 4117.
Meeta laat Snnday of each montb at
2 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; aecretary-
treaaurer, R, H. Neelanda, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
ployaaa, Looal 26—Moeta every first
Wednesday in the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wedneaday in the montb
at 9:30 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
aeeretary aad businesa agent W. Mac-
kensle, office aad meeting hall. 614 Pen-
to SL W. Phone Sey. 1681. Offlee
been;   11 to ia noon; 2 to 6.
in annual convention In January. Excutive officers, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary treasurer, A. ' S.
Wells, Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir Bt.,
Vancouver, B. C.
ere' Union—Meets Snd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granville Street; secretary-
treaaurer, p. J. Bnell, 916 Dunsmuir St.
Union of the One Big Union—Affiliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An industrial union of all workers In
logging and construction camps. Headquartera,. 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7656. E.
Winch, eecretary.treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald A Co., Van-
•ouver, B. C; auditors, Mesars. Buttar
* Chieae. Vancouver,  B. C.
International  longshoremen's
Association, Local 3852—Office and
ball, 804 Pender Street West. MeeU
Irst and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman; business
agent. P. Sinclair.
Batcher Workmen's Union No. 643—
MeeU flrst aad third Tuesdays ef each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
W. V. Tamley, 1688 Powell St.; recording seeretsry, William Gibbs, Station B.
P. 0. Vanoouver; financial secretary and
businoss agent, T. W. Anderson, 687
Homer St.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 318 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording aeeretary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.
and Labor Couneil—MeeU flrat and
third Wednesdaya, KnighU of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 6 p.m. President, E. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Slverti, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
ers, Local 1777—Meets first and third
Mondays in I. 0. 0. F. Hal), Lower Kieth
Road East, at 6 p.m. President, W.
Cummlngs, 10th Btreet East, North Vancouver; financial secretary, Arthur Roe,
210—18th St. W„ North Vaneonver.
The Reply of tbe Bussian Deportees
' Wo demand the immediate opening of the frontiers, so that we may
return to our homes, to our country,
where the glorious sun of freodom
(shines brightly, where tho working
class is tho master of its own destiny
and where the songs of the working
class freedom reverberate in the air.
We aro not afraid to be deported,
but rather welcome the opportunity
to leave immediately."
Where is your union buttenf
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Series 6—MeeU tbe 2nd and 4th Fridays
ef tbe month. Labor Tomple, 8 p.m.
Preaident, John Sully; flnuidal secretary, M. A. Phelps; business agent and
corresponding seeretary, W. Lee. Offlce,
Room 219-220 Labor Temple.
ONE BIG UNION UNIT* of Stoam and
Operating Englneera — MeeU every
Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor Temple. President, F. L. Hunt; vice-president, Percy
Chapman; secretary-treasurer and business agent. W. A. Alexander. Room 216.
Labor Temple.    Phone Beymour 7405.
Union Officii]!, writ, for price,.   We
tire 8ATISFA0W0
Phone Bey. 221     Diy or Nlftt
Nunn, Thomson & Olegg
631 Homer St.  Vsncouver, B. (■
Into Industry Through the Front Door
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized  $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up ..  -  $ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets  $460,000,000
690 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain. ,
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
Main Office— Corner HaMingn timl Homer Stroctn.
Corner Maia and Hastings Street...
Corner Granvillo and Bobaon Streets,
Corner Bridge Streot and Broadway West, •
Corner Cordova* and'Crrrra11'Streets; ■
Corner Granvillo and Davie Streets.
Corner Gntnvilln and Seventh Avenue West,
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue nnd Main Streot
HudHon Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 25th Avenuo Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
Oae dollar opens an aeeonnt on which interost in paid bftlf-yeariy
at current ratea.
Manager Vancouvor Branch
0. W. FEAZEE, Vancouvor,
Supervisor for B. 0.
«iiti«in-«-i»'«"*"»■» i n ii*niii'H"»«*-m"»-i—
During the last few years events'
havo marched so rapidly in England
that it is impossible for me to do
more than to speak, very briefly, of
the history and activity during the
war of the two organizations which
Miss Bondfleld and I represent.
First, thc Women's Trade Union
League, I am not quite sure whether
thc Women's Trade Union League of
England is your grandmother or your
granddaughter, because the idea of
the league lirst came from America.
It was formed in England by a printing woman because of her visit to
America, and later your league was
the outcome of our league. Tho National Federation of Women Workers is a norgauieation whicb has no
counterpart in America, so far as I
am aware. We found in the Women's Trade Union Leaguo that
whereas it was useful to organize
women it was diflieult to organize.
groups of women who had such afli-j
Hation. Tho Federation was formed '
by the League. It allows any woman not eligible to a craft union to
be a member. In 18U9, I think, the
National Federation of Women
Workers, which is maintained entirely by the women trade unionists, wos
formed. I think our total reserve
fund was $100. Today tke Federation has a reserve fund of over
When the war came in 1914 in
England there was an almost completo cessation of women's industries. All the luxury trades collapsed. Transportation facilities were
taken away from many manufacturers. In London alone wo had something like 70,000 women out of
work. At this moment an appeal
was made, headed by the Queen, for
women of all classes to provide
shirts for soldiors and to knit socks
for them. A great deal of ill-feeling
was created because the ordinary
shirt workers were not able to get
any work, and all sorts of voluntary
groups of shirt workers were organized. Tho Queen started a fund for
the relief of women who were out of
work, and through the efforts of tho
Federation and the Women's Trade
Union League that fund, instead of
being an ordinary charitable enterprise, was taken over by an official
committee appointod by the govern,
ment as a government committee to
organize the work of womei. The
League was represented on this committee, but wo wero not allowed to
produce any goods for sale in the
market, becauso it was thought that
the doing of this would simply accentuate the problem.
We started workrooms, and tho
first things wo produced were maternity outfits, beautiful cradles, and
sets for mothers and babies. We
had these sets most beautifully embroidered in order to teach tho wo*
men who were making them the art
of embroidery, and thon gavo them
to ibe poorest women in the country,
who were unable to buy them. Later
ou they took over army contracts
and provided socks and hosiery, using all the labor from the west coast
raided towns. We triod to not mako
a profit, but in spite of the faet that
we paid our workers higher wagos
than any contractor paid wo made
tho first year by mistake £10,000.
Vory soon the position changed,
and instead of thore boing unemployment amongst the workers, there was
a shortage of workers, due to Mr.
Lloyd George's great dilution of
labor scheme. It has been thought
over hero that some of the men's
trado unions were opposed to the dilution of labor schemo. ' I want to
make it perfectly clear, that the opposition was not due to the dilution
of labor, but the dilution of wages.
Mon wore called upon by the govern-,
mont to forego all thc pre-war practices which labor had adopted, and
which were supposed to restrict output. It was discovered that theso
pre-war practices, which formerly
the employing classes thought wore
due entirely to original sin on the
part of the workers or their organizations, had thoir roots in the system which employers had followed
in using women to undercut men,
and in using the quickest workers in
a factory to determine tho piece rate
for all workers.
Tho Munitions of War Aet was a
very bad piece of legislation. However, we got an amendment carried
which had somo vory good features
in It.
One of the regulations laid down
by that Act was that a woman who
was employed on any system of payment by results should receive the
same reward as a man. Another waa
that the recognition of trade unions
should be compulsory. The third effect of the amending act was that it
became a penal offense for any em*
ployer to victimize a trade unionist.
A clause in the original Act made it
a penal offense for any workman to
restrict output. It said "any ~
ployer or workman.''
In an aircraft factory three of
our women wore dismissed for trade
union activity. We took tho case to
court and employed a elover counsel,
lie charged that the employer was
restricting output Much to our as-
tnoishraent we won tho caso, and
that employer was fined £50 for each
of the womon victimized and forced
to reinstate them.
Tbe regulation laying (town the
equality of payment was more honored in the broach than in the observance. Our experience during tho
war taught us the absolute useless-
ness of all tho formula, wo hod for
merly thought satisfactory. We no
longer talk of equal wago for equal
output or equal pay for equal work.
We found that the work nover was
equal in tho opinion of the person
who wan to fix the rato of pay. In
some places an automatic stop would
be fixed on tho machine and the
work was set to be different. Or n
welfare secretary waa employed and
this wae added to the charges. In
addition, wc found that the onus of
proving the work equal was alwnyri
laid upon us that no such regulation
was laid down between man and
man. The same standard rato is
made for both.
Thorofore w« said: "If you make
no distinction between James and
John, wc are not going to let you
say make one between John and
Mary—nor is thc output of tho very
bent man to be tahon and tho vory
worst output of the woman, and tho
rato flxod. No we say tho same rate
for the same job without regard to
 > f
* [By Mary Macarthur] '
(Secretary British Women's Trade
Union League)        i
tions by not giving any sex-advantage in remuneration. Tho reply! of
our trade union girls to that Was, as
one girl said:
"We demand our right to eome
into industry on tho grounds that
we are equally efficient, tbat we are
going to undergo the same strain,
that we are as good, or better, than
the men, but we are not going to
sneak in by tbe back door because
we are cheap. We are going to como
in the front door with the men, and
if we cannot come in on our own
merits we are going to stay out until
our merits entitle us to come in."
Wo found that in spite of a certain amount of prejudice on the part
of some rank and file men, and more
on the part of some leaders, tbo
great bulk of thc men were willing
to assist the women to organize. We
havo made it our business to point
out to the men that women would go
into tome trades, and the existence of
a large army of poorly paid labor
would be a constant menace to the
men's wages.
The men saw it that way, too, nnd
refused, just os tbe women refused,
to be drawn into any sex war. Many
people were drawn into suffrage because they thought they eould use
the voting powor of women to get
behind the privileges Mr. Lloyd
George had given to male mombers
of the unions.  They forgot that the
Economic Circumstances
Compel Workers to
Join Up
Members Should Attend
All the Business
Workors in various' mills around
Vancouver who have never 'b«en
members of organized labor aifc being forced through economic necessity to think and reason out fo^hem-
sclves why it it they aro so p&rly
paid for their labor. In spo$e of
the fact that priees of lumber .never
were so high as at present,, t^nd
enormous profits are being mi
fed one
tho owners of tho various lumber
mills throughout this province,,,the
wages of the average workers,iu tho
mills are not sufficient to sumrt
them in decency. - .• I
Some worken go to church on Sun*
day and pray to an invisible God
to make conditions better for them
and imagine, they have done their
duty and that this invisible God
will mako conditions tolerable for
them. It is not more than four
months ago sinco the priests belong'
ing to tho Catholic Church in Italy
went on strike and refused to say
mass or pray any more unless thc
higher officials in the church gave
them better salaries and food, and
as the priesthood had to take this
aetion to enforce better condtions it
only reasonable to assume that
the ordinary members of a ehurch
will not get any botter results from
praying to an invisible God, and
tbat they will eventually be forced
to organizo along with their fellow
workers in the labor movement to
fight the moneyed intorests who own
the industries whieh the workers
oporate and by their ownership control the output of labor and dole
out the slaves' portion to the workers in the form of low wages, while
they live in luxury off the surplus
value, i. e., the difference between
that paid the workers in wages and
the value created by labor.
The members who have already
been made awaro of the nocossity
for an organized labor movement
should not rest content by merely
being a member and paying thcir
dues every month, as there is lots of
work for them to do and every opportunity they should endeavor to
enlighten their fellow workers who
are ignorant of the workings* of the
laws of valne and who do not realizo
how they are exploited, and thereby
induce them to become members.
While the membership is increasing, the attendance at business meetings that are held in Boom 302
Labor Temple, Vancouver, every
Monday night, is falling off. Members who can assist those meetings
are requested to do so as the few
willing workers wbo have in the
past been doing all the business in
trying to better eondtions are refusing to bear all tho burden of the
responsibilities incurred by being
active members In tho labor movemont, unless snore enthusiasm is
shown by the membership   as   a
**   ii,
Construction Unit (0. B. V.) Formed
The Shipbuilding Unit of tho O.
B. U., with headquarters at the Old
Knok Church, 152 Cordova ^street
cast, Vancouver, will be known in
futuro as tho Construction Workers
Industrial Union. This unit of thc
O. B. U. is open to receive as membors any worker engaged in ship*Cftn-
struction, building construction,
bridge and structural work, railroad
construction, dock constructlonjih-p.l-
cr construction, cfc. Those monttiors
of the working class engaged in any
branch of construction, and who believe in industrial unionism as thc
best form of organisation for thc
worker, as it unquestionably is, uro
invited to seo tho secretary, H. J.
Pritchard, 152 Cordova street east,
who can furnish all particulars. The
Initiation fee covering the flrst
month is $1. Tho membership is
steadily increasing, in fact the record for each weok shows an Increase in tho numbor of now members over the previous woek. Tho
meetings, which aro now held on
__^^_^^^__ Tuesday evening at 8  o'elock, at
There are some fricuds of womon J tto headquarters, will, commencing
who say that wo women trade union
ists aro very short-sighted in adopt
ing this polioy, that we were exclud
ing the women from certain occupa
with October, bo hold  on  Monday
evening, each wook at tho same hour,
Where is your union button!
f conflict is not a sex conflict. Thore
is on the one hand the man whose
standard is fixed, and there is the
woman who is used to undercut him;
but behind the man are his wife and
children, and behind that woman
there usually stands a man, tho employer. It is not the standard of
living that is menaced, it is thc family 's standard. And if the woman
allows herself to be used to reduce
thc man's standard she is thus lowering the standard of the man she
will marry.
Wo estimate that the monoy
added by tbe National Federation of
Women Workers to the women's
wages during the war runs into millions of pounds a yoar. Wo usually askod for at least ten shillings
a week advance evory three month*.
An employer would say something
liko this: "Have you ladies over
considered the immoral effects whieh
follow giving young girls huge sums
of money evory week?" -To which
one of the women shop stewards
would perhaps reply: "When I
worked for you before tho war for
four shillings a weok, did you over
consider thc immoral effects of such
small wages f"
Another employer would sny: "If
we agree to this advance ami the
women get accustomed to a high
standard of living, will they bc prepared To go back to former standard of living, will thoy be prepared
to go buck to former standards whon
the war is over, and if they will not,
what will happen to British supremacy in the world markets?"
Our roply to this would be: "No,
sir, they will not be prepared to go
back to pro-war standards, and if
Britain's supremacy in thc markets
"s upon the overworking and
starving of the mothers of Britain's
future citizons, the sooner Britain's
supremacy in the markets goes tho
Then tho government poople
would Bay: "We have hoard
enough." And then they would
make tho award, which was usually
half the amount we asked for. We
got to know that, and naturally we
askod exactly double.
Tho womon used their taoney to
improve their standards of life. In
Newcastle we had a numbor of
women working in the munitions
factories before the war. I visited
thoso women and found their ordinary mid-day meal would bo n
cup of black tea, a pickled onion,
and a roll or bun. I went thoro
after the war, aftor we had quadrupled their wages. T found they
had soup, fish and potatoes, fruit,
and a cup of coffoo. Not only did
that food make them look different
physically, but it gave them a
different manner and air. They
were different women as a result of
thoir improved standard of living.
And there will bo a bitter fight before any of those women aro prepared to go back to the old standard
of throe sleeping in a bed and
pickled onion and black tea for
their ehief menl.
Tou may wonder what is going to
happen now tbat tho war is over.
Ato we going to maintain these new
standards? The position is vory
difficult. We have over a million
women out of work, and already employers are attempting, in the trades
that aro reviving, to use tho unemployed women as a whip on the
bocks of thoso employed in order to
rcduco the war wages without the
consent of the trado unions. Wheth
er we can maintain tho standard depends upon the degroe to which wo
maintain our organizations.
What we are doing now is to
change. the whole order of things.
We want to bring about that bottor
England of which so much was said
during the war. For the flrst timo
in England women have politieal
power—with the voting age fixed at
30, because of sheer junk on tho part
of politicians. Women in our coun'
try aro in a majority. Havo any of
you ever heard of any question, political or social, upon which every
woman in tho country was agreed on
ono sido and every man was agreed
on the other side? There never can
be sex solidarity, thank haeven, and
we do not want it in that sense in
politics or industry. There is overy
prospect that that blot will be wiped
out before very long and that
women, thanks to the efforts of the
Labor Party, will be enfranchised at
21. We first askod. that women bo
brought in at 21 and cut off the
voting age at 45. Why did wo say
that! Because there never was a
time when we needed the young idea
more than we need lt now. When
wc think of the thousands of young
men, the flower of our land, who are
buried in Franco and in Flanders,
we realize that not only have we
lost tho young bodies and tho possibilities of all thoy might have done
and contributed, but in theso graves
aro buried, not only tho boy of 18,
but buried there also are the children he might have had, the girl he
might have married, the happy home
of which he might havo been tho
father, the great deeds ho might
have done. And, more Important
than all of that, in that grave aro
burled all the new ideas he might
havo brought to tho servico of his
country. And when wo bury the
ideas of our young men, we want
more than evor the enthusiasm and
Inspiration of our young women.
A great many people in England
are wondering what women will do
now that they have the voto. I believe tho groat result will be that
there will be a new force in politics.
What is it that interests every
woman worthy of the namo. And
whon women realize that ovory question of polities affects the child,
when women realize that in our
country one hundred thousand childron die every your because, forsooth, thc vested interests of some
insurance compnny must be connid-
G-red, worqen will not consider those
details a matter of cold statistics.
Every mother will sec In thoso ono
hundred thousand dead babies a
hundrod thousand tragedies; and
when they vote no minister will dare
stand up in Parliament and say that
the vested interest of a corporation
is moro important than tho lifo of
even ono child,
Elizabeth Barrett Browning said
years ago "A child's sob eurseth
deeper than the voice of a strong
tnan." A child's sob eurseth, oven
if it is a Russian baby or a German
baby. The capacity to enjoy tho
best in lifo has been crushed out of
many of us grown up people; we
havon 't tbo eapaeity to enjoy grand
music or noble poetry, but wo are
determined that our children shall
havo tho capacity howover auch wo
havo lacked it*
Call for the Rescinding of
Amendments to Immigration Act
The Winnipeg ex-Soldiers and
Sailors Labor Party passed tho following resolution at their last meeting on September llth. Tho resolution needs no explanation but speaks
for itself:
1 That we, tho Soldiers and Sailors
Labor Party, view with apprehension
tho abrogation of thoso principles
for which we fought, and heroby call
upon the Government of Cnnada to
dissociate itself from tho system of
PrusBianization that is being foisted
upon tho people of Canada by dropping tho charges arising out of the
Winnipeg strike, also rescinding the
obnoxious amendment to tho Immigration Act.
"Whereas, we have seen through
the public press of this city that
the chairman, Judge Robson, of the
Commission empowered to investigate the cause and effect of tho recent strike in Winnipeg, has soon
flt whilo tbo spokesman wore kept "in
jail, and has referred to thom as
rascals, that therefore be it resolved,
That we, in meoting assembled, go
on record as requesting Judge Robson to withdraw his statements
through the public press ,and furthermore, be it resolved, that we petition thc Provincial Government to
withdraw tho commission as it can
fill no useful purpose."
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Gomox Nut—Comox Pea
(Ti, oui Pc» Ooal for you underfeed furnace)
Phone Sey. 210
Taltption. Bar. .611
HJ. Nugent & Co.
Sails, Tents and Awnings
TumfUn' and Oupeotan'
on, oLOTHora
Estimates flvan on canvu work
Rob Roy
Modem—E«ry   Convenient.
Hot and Cold Water ln Every
Proprietress:     HRS.  WR10HT
Late  or  the  Vletor Botel
The Man Who Wants to
Pay $35 to $47.50 for His
Suit Will Find Spencer's
ETWEEN these prices we believe we
can do better for a man than any store
hereabouts because we concentrated
our efforts on these prices. Lower than
$32.50, with the exception of a few tweeds,
we would not advise a man to pay for his
suit, and at $47.50 the suits in this stock are
just about as good as you will find in ready-
for-service clothes, although some stores
get more. We know you will not beat our
values. Choice of tweeds, worsteds and
cheviot finished fabrics in a splendid range
of dark patterns in conservative and young
men's models.
English Oxford Shirts, $2.25
A new shipment offered today ' comprising a number of excellent patterns.
They are ent over good roomy patterns,
with ordinary single waistband, both
with and without collars. This shipment
has been* on order many months. The
same shirts would have to bring (2.75 if
bought on today's market. All sizes.
Special sale price, only 92.25
Men's Fine Shirts, $2.00
A new shipment will be offered at this
price, giving a very choice array of up-
to-date patterns in fine cambrics and hair
cord materials. You won't get more for
your money anywhere than these shirts
provide.  Special sale price ™....$2.00
Overall Pants, $2.50
There is more for the money in a pair
of overall pants than any pant we know
bf. Made in regular pant style with five
awing pockets.' Blue and black only.
"Bull Dog" Jackets
Heavy blue denim jackets to match the
overalls.   Price —— ?2.50
English Cashmere Socks, 85c Pair
Best value of its kind you will find anywhere. Thc sock is worth $1.25 a pair on
today's market; all wool; English make;
splendid finish.  A pair  .85^
Men's Overall Clothing
"Bull Dog" Bibs
Made of extra heavy blue denim with
white back, seven pockets, full bib anA
strong suspenders; made especially for
miners and lumbermen.   Price ....$2.50
i  Mechanics' Bib Overalls, $2.50
Three good union makes, Q. W. Q.,
"Northern" and Peabody's. Every gar-
ment cut to fit, plenty of pockets, full
bibs and strong elastic set-in suspenders.
Pyjamas of English Flannelette,
Pyjamas ordered in 1916 are here and
provide Raiments of great merit. The
same quality costs more at wholesale today than wc ask for these. Neat stripe
effects, heavy quality flannelette. A'
suit   *3.00
Men's Black and Olive Oilskin
You will do well to get your oilskins now while our stocks are fresh]
and complete. Do not wait for the rain; it will be here in due time.
BLACK SUITS-Black oilskin pants and
jackets, in Tower's Shield quality;
jackets fasten with solid brass clasps.
Garment ....¥3.75   A suit $7.50
0. K. SUITS-Made of dark olive khaki
oilskin, in Tower's Fish Brand quality;
jackets fasten with solid brass clasps.
Per garment only  $4.50
A suit ..?. :f9.00
LONG COATS, $6.50-A Tower coat of
black oilskin. Three-quarter length. Reflex front fastens with brass clasps.
0. K. COATS, $7.00-Towcr's Pish
Brand coats. Three-quarters length.
Keflex front and fastens with brass
HUNTING  FROCKS,  ?8.50-Made of I
olive khaki oilskin, in Tower's Fish J
quality. A short coat made especially |
for huntsmen.
oilskin coat, in Fish quality; no
outsido pockets; lined collar, reflex
front, and fastens with brass clasps.
Each  $7.00 ■
olive khaki and black. A large roomy
coat with outside pockets, lined collar
and reflex front.  Each 98.00
MILITARY COAT—An olive khaki oilskin coat designed especially for tha |
army transport and motorboat service.
If your work keeps you ont in rough I
weather you should wear ono of these
military coats.   Each ..$9.50 !
DAVID SPENCER, LTD. {•tBIDAT- September lt,W»
| Calls for Direct Legislation and the
The platform ot the Independent
tabor Party of Ontario, which has
boon published, covers the following:
The publia ownership of all publio
utilities aid natural  resources  of
woalth.  Nationalisation bf banking
and oredit systems.  Direct legislation through the initiative, referendum and ne.ll. Gradual elimination
of unoarneoMnorement through a tax
on land valuea. Equal pay for equal
work.  Abolition of proporty qualifications for aU  municipal  offices.
Abolition of  all  eleetion  deposits.!
Proportional  representation,   with
grouped constituencies. No court to
be legally competent to declare as
unconstitutional any aet of the parliament of Canada.  Amendment of
the British North America Aet in
order that the decisions of the high,
est court of appeal in Canada, shall
bo final in all matters, civil and po*
! litical. That adequate equal pension's
, be granted to all disabled soldiers,
oither ofiMti* or men, or their widows and dependents.   Pensions for
mothers with   dependent   children.
Old age pensions.   Creation of national reserves of eoal and timber.
Government control of cold storages.
National, health and unemployment
inaurance.   Maternity benefits and
free hospital service.   Bquality of'
opportunity for men aad-women, politically,  to__iy and industrially
The eight-hoar workday. The domo-
cratic control ef industry. > Free aad
compulsory    education,     including:
teit.books.TMe education in all institutions controlled by the govern-
mont, every child to be guaranteed]
from its birth, until it becomes a
self-supporting member of society,
the material necessities of life, medical supervision and an unlimited education,  lhi* ia the platform also.
 r--—       ■■*■.   ..    WM-    *uuuii.    WHy
presumably of th* farmers who hav*
joined the Labor Party.
In announcing ita platform, the Ih-
depondent Labor Party says: "Th*
objeot of tb*  Independent   Labor
Party of Ontario is to promote the
politieal, economical and soeial interests of people who live by their
labor, mental or manual, as distinguished from those who' live hy profit
upon the labor of others. Therefore,
we have established  a  permanent
provincial organization in order that
we may act in co-operation as far as
possible with independent politieal
organizations of the farmers and thc
producing class for the purpose of
'olecting men or women  who  will
stand by the democratic principlo of
a working-class movement, with all
that the term implies.   We believe
that   performance  is  "better   than
promise, and we rest our claim for
tho support of the porkers on ths
general declaration that we stand for
tho industrial freodom of those vPhif
toil and the political liberation of
those who for so long have been denied justioe." At preaent the movoment takes no account of the divergence in view-point between the fanner and the farm laborer. This question will not arise in any acute form
so long a* farmers pay tho present
high wage*, but in European countries the intercuts of the farmer and
the farm laborer are  not  always
[identical.  There i* no reason, however, why the inclusion of tho Canadian fanner in the Labor movement should not in the end work out
satiifaatorOy for the agricultural laborer.
Ottawa—Th* minister of justice
ia the house has presented a bill to
prohibit members of the Dominion
[ palie* and of the Northwest Mounted
Polio* from belonging to trdde
unions. Th* bill continues in force
under aa order-in-council to the same
effect passed under th* War Measure* Aet. * The bill was read a first
time laat week.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows'that cheap gooda can only be procured
by using, cheap materials and employing aheap labor.
b pradooed-from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade ia a UNION produce from start to-finish.
[By Oeorge F. Stirling]
"Socialism is an endeavor to rent
everything upon law or government," says Sir James Aikins, K.C.,*
Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba,
and president of the Canadian Bar
The Socialists are seeking to sub-
very law and order and to ovorthrow constitutional government, say
our citizens' committees.
A slight discrepancy in the logic
of our opponents, which any school
girl of the fourth reader would be
smart enough to notice. One of the
arguments against the striko leaders
ia Winnipeg was that they were So*
eialista who had by schemeing gained control of the Trades and Labs?
Counoil to push thoir revolutionary
propaganda of Socialism, whieh, according to Sir James, seeks to rest
everything upon law or government
What a strange predicament for
a government to be in whieh ha* arrested a numbor of men who believe
in resting everything upon law and
government, and is seeking ts prove
that they were out. to undermine law
and order! Is Sir James Aikins
correct, or is the truth on the side
of the small fry who organized tho
citizens' committees! Sir James is
correct, and those who accuse the
Socialists of being against law and
government, and connecting their
philosophy with anarchy, ar* either
knaves or fools.
As a matter of fact, the argument
used by Sir James Aikins is the
[strongest argument that we have yet
seen against the theory of Socialism.
It is the argument of Herbert Spencer in "The Coming Slavery." Bat
whatever are the merits or demerits
of the argument, the faet remains
The only law that capitalism respects is the law of the. jungle, and
tho protection which they would
give to labor ia the protection
whioh vultures give to lambs.
A minimum wage law has recently
been placed upon the statute books
of B. C. Tho manufacturers have
had a conference with the Minimum
Wage Board, and one of thoir
spokesmen plainly intimated to Mr.
J. D. McNiven, chairman of the
hoard, that there would be some hundreds of extra criminals in British
Columbia this year, for he felt eortain the manufacturers would ignore
the law. His statement we bolieve
is correct with this reservation, that
they will not bo "extra criminals;"
[They are criminals already, but the
law will make it possible for them
to be found out.
According to Sir James Aikins'
argumont we should not have tkis
minimum wage law, as it is aa interference with .the liberty of th*
individual; the mattsr of wages no
I doubt should.be left "to the enlightened conscience aad Christian
character of the individual/'
Wo have had about ISO yean of
this enlightenod Christian conscience :
in industry, and so damnable has it
'ben in its treatment of the work-|
♦ing classes in all capitalist coun*
tries that capitalist government}
themselves have been forced to interfere with the perfect liberty of
tbe individual, and have placed upon.'
their statute books all kinds of law*
for clipping the claws Sf this
lightened Christian conscience.
"Law should be designed to re-,
strict detrimental collectivism,"
! says Sir James, and there is no,
doubt that he means by this, judging from the genoral tenor of his
remarks, the collectivism preached
by labor, and not tho collectivism
of manufacturers' associations, combines, trusts, ete.
"To settl* all disputes there
should he no resort to force, valid
or direct, sueh as strikes or lookouts, whieh is th* principle of do-
fiance and war." It is pleasing
to notice that ths Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba is amongst the
Pacifists, but it is hard to understand*
why such a high official who is so'
strongly against force and th* principle of war should have been able
to go through tho five years of ths
war without being accused of being
a pro-Gorman, or unpatriotic.    -,
In oommon with Sir James,
Socialists are also againat the principle of war, but are not against
the principle of self-defence, and so
long as capitalists resort to the force
of the state against labor, labor wiU
have to uso the only weapon of self-
defence which it has, namely, the
strike, to proteot itself from utter*
servility.   * '.
On the whole, however, Sir James
Aikins has not surprised anybody by
his speech. No Lieutenant-Governor
of a province, or prosidont of a Cana-
' dian Bar Association oould have said
anything different on this subject.
To emphasize the ethical standard
of Individual conduct has been tho
conventional dogma of the past 2000*
years, but in spito of it we havo had|
to build up a criminal code, and during tho past 100 years, all kinds of
laws relating to tho carrying on of
industry which are interfering mors
| and moro each year, with the liberty
of tho. private capitalist to gouge
the publie for profit, and until the,
j beast is finally bred out of man, we
regret to say that we must continuo
in the same path.
The last pieco of legislation along
those lines, namely, a minimum wage
for girls and womon, is long overdue. It will be the meana of saving
many of them from tbe necessity of
prostitution, but oven thia does not
Now More Than Ever
Local organizations and individual members of
organized labor can assist in giving Labor a
Daily Paper. The need of the moment is the
Finances to start it with.
appeal to the "enlightened Christian
confleience" of our manufacturers,
„„,!    41.—   —I"    *•—•   '
Sinn Feiners Declare War
on British Rule in
Matters in Ireland are   drifting
back to the bad, old ruts   of   the
Land League days, and extraordin-
. a ~.i—   •«*."". •"»»"»»»";r«r», ary crime is on the increaso.    In
£U&3Ltt& «^S$—>«-- **-• - *««-
they safely ean do, to evade their" >*""">> ** the In08t law-abiding por-
sooial and business duty. i *j9!> of *• United Kingdom.    The
Tho...:- A— .... .*. . o*   -.      _. Acting of policemen and soldiers
JhH*« Juft^^Pi *« **m e*i»e °» » »°* *-
il? wil. „2 '£ *$ ""k' ™**Hsd aa crime by the Irish people.
taevEL £      _* ■ J*    ai«ie«eoms to illustrate the eleavage
K*t, !' * b,r ?T0St!'"il.'K> »(*w<>«n the two countrie. and tSe
iSSL^Tt^'^J*1* •*■?"* **>lessness of the situation for
2?t-T? t J° •«**■« t* J«w those who represent British rule in
| tie* until Justico is free. i D$m&, ■
*■*-; :  »-"it is tree, as reports In Canadian
Tokyo—Six thousand five hundrod newspapors state, that police and
arsenal operatives have struck, do-' soldiers in Ireland have been shot
mending higher wages. Troops have1 Wd killed. But no mention is made
been called out to gnard arsenals in these garbled roports of the pro-
throughout tho country. J vocative causes.   Has any Canadian
newspaper, for instance, published
an account of the military assault
on Mrs. Sheeby Skeffington, who
was struck with the butt end of a
rifle for speaking in public, and had
to be carried off to hospital! Has
any mention been made of the midnight arrests of Sinn Feiners and
the attempts to release them that
ended in bloodshedt
The ease is put by the Sinn Feiners in this way: "We have declared war on British rule in Ireland.
, The establishment of a Bepublic and
the war earriod on against it by
England are evidences of the existence of a state of war. Wo are in
the same position exactly ns Belgium, when Germany invaded her
soil. The British have no more justification for treating us as criminals* who violate tho law, than were
the Germans justified in arresting
and shooting Belgian civilians for
defending their country against invasion. We hav* warned the military and police that they cannot
carry oa a war against the Irish
without taking all the risks and consequences of war. Onr consciences
are clear aa to the shooting of police
and military. It ia war and all war
is hell."
Mention the Federationist when
you mako a purchase at a store.
Who are these mortals of Pecksnlflu cult and eaatf
Wh* prate of morals pure, and of ethics loudly rant
Who by their superficial dogmas they themselves reveal
Thoir pseudo-doctrines and their nature-diabolie-anresL
Who confiscates all products that Labor doth create!
In order to obtain for self a plutocratic state.
The toil of man, the sweat of slaves all with one intent
Are utilised to further accelerate the might of the opulent
Nayl Mortals they are not! But beasts ths/ an of Tartans
Who forces superb manhood on to Martian plains—barbarous
To be mutilated, torn limb from limb, and, if surviving, r*h
To the poorhouse, to the gutter, or as suicidec—delegated.
Our daughters fair and pure and chute are even not imman*
From this salacious monster whose maw is rank with spume.
For they unto the underworld an hurled, by eooasmie might
To wander, lewd prostitutes aad denizens.   Through tho night.
Long centuries hav* paaaed away, yet still we de uphold
This monster, this werewolf that breaks into the fold
Of all humanity, that dow not, will not, cannot see, *
That thia is sns long vile reign of grim oliarchy.
This menace stalks abroad imbaed witk sordid b**tt*Hty.
'Tie not of sptetral form.   Ohl as.   Tis grim reality.
What ia thla demon ia the guise and cloak of'
That's spawned of mea^ by maa, fsr lost aad g
tn mam ty maa, n
'Tis Capitalism.
-T. F. M.
Come and hear the truth about the Winnipeg
Situation at a Public Meeting to be held in the
Wednesday Evening
September 24
eleventh TEAR. No. 38     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    VAMwrovra, b. a
-September 19, 191!
It's a Paying Proposition
to Buy Your Groceries
at Woodward's
Here Are Some More Money Saving: Specials
for Week Commencing September 19, 1919
Rogers' Syrup, 2», 23c; 6s,62c
20s J2.00
Campbell's Soups  15c
Libby's Tomato Soup lie
Clark's ussortcd Soup  lie
Corn    Flakes     or    Post
Toostics, per pkt 10c
Mission Prunes, tins  OVjC
Magic Washing Tublot 16c
Snap  17c
White Swan Soap 23c
Golden West Soap  26c
Rogers' B.  0. Syrup, 10-
lb. tin  - .91c
Sunlight Soup  270
Lux ll'/jC
Fols-Naptha  _ —10c
Fairy Soap _..  9e
Gem Lyo  „.«......-.12c
Fint    Standard
Naptha Soap  .S'/aC
Silver Gloss Starch  13'/2c
Celluloid Starch  12c
White Gloss Starch  .lie
Benson's Corn Stareh 13c
Palmers'     Pride     Sweet
Com, heavy pack 19c
Crisco  -	
Holbrook's Ground Rice-..14c
Magic Baking Powder  26c
Malkin's  Best  Baking Powder  SSe
Empress Baking Powder ....17c
Matches, 300s
Boyal   Bessicated    Cocoanut,
pkt   9«
Robin Hood or Quaker Oats,
4s 280
Woodward's Tea, 3 lbs 11.09
Woodward's Choice Tea, per
lb. , SOC
Woodward's Extra Choice
Ten, per lb 430
Woodward's Bettor Tea ...,64c
Swift's White Laundry
Soap, large tablet*, 4
for *26c
Braid's Best Ton — 68c
Royal   City   Tomato   Catsup,
tins - 10c
Libby's   Dill   Pickles,   largo
tins -21C
0. K. Sauce  .27c
Mazola Oil 44c and 83c
Libby's Happy Vale Pine-
apple 28c
Canadian Sardines, 8c, 10c, lie
and  14c
Quaker Apricots, 2%s ......32c
Gold Bar Bartlett Pears, 2%s,
for  49c
Aylmor Koiffer Pours, 2_a,
for J!9c
Clark's Pork   and  Beans,
large tins  .23c
Bluo Point Oysters  30c
Empress Strawberry Jam, 4s,
for .._ $1.18
Apex  Strawborry and Apple
Jam, 4s  70c
Climax Jam, 4s  67c
Eagle Brand Lobster....29c, 57c
Tbe Junior Labor League will
hold a social evening tonight (Friday) at 62 Dufferin Street West. A
good programme has been arranged
and all who attend are assured of
an enjoyable evening. The mombers of the league have had the club
room specially decorated for the
occasion.   A general invitation  to
all young folks whother members or
not has been extended. The Tegular
monthly business meeting of the
league will bo held next Friday,
Buy at a union store.
Furnished room to rent at (2,50
per week.   1028 Howo Streot
The Utmost in High Grade Shoemaking for
Men, Women and Children
COME and see my stock of shoes that I positively guarantee to be all solid leather.
Shoes for the man who works out-doors, my
specialty. Boys' and Girls' School Boots that
are guaranteed absolutely solid.
My made-to-measure department can turn
out any style of shoes made to fit you and to
your own order.
Bring your repairs here. I have the largest
repairing department in the west and can guarantee you satisfaction.
Opposite Columbia Theatre
Don't worry about
your Fall Suit
Many readers of the Federationist are possibly needing a new Fall suit but can't see their
way elear to get it because of the heavy demands
now made on the heads of families.
We offer you as fine a line of Men's Suits as you'll find
iti the eity—good serviceable fabric—made up hi the
latest style—offered at prices which mean as good values
as you'll get anywhere in Canada.
We offer yoa theae nits on terms—a small Cash
Deposit sad toalance la small weekly or monthly
payments—ae yoa are ahle.
Call in aad see aa—Let us oxplaia our Foy-as-you-wear methods
Near Homer   -
Direct Action the Result
of Suppression of
the People
"Democracy," said A. 8. Wells at
the Columbia on Sunday, wan a word
now much in use; naturally tho
workers wanted to know what it
meant. In its accepted meaning, it
included politicul and social equality.
It was true that, in such mutters as
sleeping under bridges, etc., the law
made no expressed discrimination between rich and poor; nevertheless,
as long as there were classes in society, there could be no democracy.
Down through thc history of tho
elass to which he and his hearers
belonged, there were traces of the
martyrdom of men who hud stood
for the truth. A minister of tho
government had publicly stated here,
within tbe last few days, that men
who spoke the truth wore regarded
i "uuisanees."
Democrucy, with the domination of
a ruling claas, was a contradiction in
itself; sueh, indeed, was the whole
capitalistic system.
Dealing with direct action, lie said.
The ruling cluss did not like "direct
action," When thc working class
applied it. In Kussiu,,as applied by
the workors to the counter-revolutionaries /it constituted "atrocities. '' But in Caiiiidu and elsewhere,
members of the working class were
thrown into jail for challenging tho
right; of the government to do as it
liked, for taking part in strikes, etc.
Did they think there was any domocracy there? That was "direct action." It was direct action also
when the governmont hand-pickod
the electorate to defeat tho will of
the poople. AU their methods had
been direct action against those people who did not agree with them.
Today tho people wcro denied the
right of reading certain works, allowed to circulate freely even to tho
south of the Hue. Extracts from
tho "Communist Manifesto," etc.,
wero used to prove seditious intent.
With such "direct action" on tho
part of the ruling cluss, how could
tho workers have any other ideas,
or be blamed for following their
masters' precepts!
The workers wore compellod to
conform to the conditions around
them. In despotic Russia, could they
bo blamed for taking the action they
did? People would "como buck" in
response to thc efforts tnnde to repress them. Given thc right of self-
expression ,thcy hud no deisire for
chaos. "When you compel peoplo to
take tho only method of direct action, they uro going to take it. The
people of this country will do tho
things which their environment compels them to do." The ruling class
had most to do with the creating of
that environment, and thc blame
must rest thore.
From the massacre of Peterloo in
1819 to tho Boston riots of today,
the ruling class had always used direct action; and they. had ofton
found a response in the working
class, compelled to conform to conditions. Government was a denial
of equality, socinl nnd political. If
democracy meant equality or social
and political rights, how could there
be two classes in society?
Could they conceive of a freodom
which compelled Jhc workors to soil
themselves in the lubor market in
order to live; where the ruling class
could subject them to the miseries
of the largo industrinl centres of the
world? In Great Britain, which had
produced more* wealth per capita
than any other country in the world,
there was such poverty among the
workers that thcir children commenced to deteriorate from the moment
of their birth. Under such conditions, democracy was non-existent
ami impossible. "True, a worker
might leave his 'boss;' but he hud
to seek another of the same cIosb.
So long as the two classes existed—
the one exploiting and ruling, the
other exploited nnd ruled—there
could be neither democracy nor freedom.
Capitalism wns a systom of production for profit, and for thnt alone.
Not even tho ruling clnss could operate industry unless profit could bc
made. Tbe establishing of markots
also developed competition; and
during thc last five yenrs there had
been such n development of efficiency, in both mnchinery and workers, that tho world's markets today
were not very far from being overstocked. Tho talkod-of "shortage"
did not renlly exist.
Tho working class was thc only
section of thc poople thnt wns trying to put un end to war as thoy
had known it in the Inst five years.
It wus tlie working clnss mission
to free thc children of the world
from the conditions of poverty. Human nature, clumped all the time, as
conditions changed. The ruling class
itself did not understand the system wliich gave them their profits;
it hnd been the mission of tlie inter-
Registered ln accordance wltb the
Copyright Aet.
Team Work
Teeth mutt da good trim-work If
they are to be of genuine service.
The reason why & tooth missing Is
* matter of inch Importance lies
In tbo fact that it "breaks up
tlie team" and the tooth equipment loses efficiency in far more
than the proportion the tooth Itself bears to the entire equipment.
A tooth gone leaves a gap, that la
true, but It la not the food that
Is missod by that part of the
grinding apparatus that matters
so muoh. The grent harm lies in
tbe fact that the rest of the teeth
fall oat of alignment and the machinery for chewing Is cast into
dliorder. It Ib as If a cog in a
wheel went a-mis-sing and the rest
of the cogs In that wheel closed in
so that they could no longer mesh
with the opposing wheel. Hissing
teetli should bo replaced at once
eo that tbe equipment retains ita
true efficiency.
Allow me to replnce loat teeth
with new ones whieh, in many instances, are more than equal to
the originals.
Dr. Lowe
Fine Dentistry
nee. Sey. Mt
Oppoitt* Wooaward'l
osier y
For Evening
Liberal assortments, desirable qualities and a
range of shades that permits of a proper selection.
The following will serve
to demonstrate the completeness of our hosiery .
Pine Silk Hose, lisle feet
and garter top; comes in
brown, silver, mid grey,
navy, champagne, rose,
emerald, tan, yellow, purple, sky, white—$2.50.
White Silk Thread Hose,
with lisle feet and garter
top, flne grade—$3.50.
Silk Thread Hose, with
lisle feet and garter top,
in shades of sand, champagne, Palm Beach, reindeer, purple, flesh and
Black Silk Lace Hose,
with lisle feet and garter
Superior Quality Silk
Hc«., with lisle feet and
garuv i«p, in colors of
pearl, sn,oke, mid grey,
Copenhagen, Belgian blue
and taupe—$3.00.
575 Oraaville Street
Sey. 3540
national working class to explain the
construction of society, and it wotM
bo theirs to bring this system to mi
end and to tuke ovor the moans of
production and operate tloin for me.
In replying to questions, the
speaker furthor eplained tbat government implied a ruling class and
a ruled class; the alternative was an
administration of things instead of
Bakery Drivers Attention
Important business will como up at
your next meeting.   Bottor mnko a
noto of the date, and bc sure and attend, Octobor 13th.
When You
Think of
All Wool
10 Per Cent. Discount)
to all Returned Mem
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St.
Next to Merchants Bask
What Is the Ultimate Objective of Tour
Tho strike at Kinraan's estop,
Jackson Bay, has been settled upon
terms satisfactory to the men. A
fait union crew leaves on tlie next
AH camps of the Nimkish Company at Alert Bay aro on strike
and a rumor is current that owing
to the impossibility of getting scabs
in Vancouver an attompt will be
made to get them at Bupert, but
the spirit of working class solidarity is too actively operating to give
tho employer any hope of success.
McQougan and McDonell at
Boaver Creek; Capilano Timber
Company camps; Mainland Cedar,
Camp 2; Thompson Sound; P. B.
Anderson's camp, Knox Bay; Merrill, Bing ft Mooro, Duncan Bay, and
all camps of the Comox Lagging
Bailway Company at Headquarters,
are still on strike—all for better
camp conditions. A wire has boen
recoived that the miners at Kim*
berley aro out for a dollar a day
Wbat about the catnps in tho up-
country districts, are they up to tho
coast standard I   If not, why notf
How much is your bitf For the
past five years wo havo heard a lot
about "doing his bit," and tho
terms haB becomo incorporated into
our everyday conversation. Wo hear
individuals say "I have dono my
bit" and now it's up to thc other
fellow. This expression comes
frequently from tbe labor man as
from tho man who has been "over
there." How mueh is your bitf
The answer depends upon what your
aim and object is. The extent of
your bit is 'set by tho limit of your
objective plus your ability. When
you have made the most of yourself; that is done tho utmost of
which you arc capable toward the
attainment of your objective; you
have "done your bit," but only if
the objective attained or striven for
wob the full limit of your ability,,
both of act and vision.
' The class-conscious worker never
says ho has done his bit, for he sees
ahead tho goal of working class
emancipation, and whilst that is. un-
attaincd and he hns enough energy
to keep alive he must do all he con
by word and deed toward the realization of thc objective. His bit is
himself and he has done it when he
is worn out and useless, not before.
Some individuals' bit is moro' spectacular than others, and some by
their noise get to themselves a lot
of credit to which they are not entitled whilst the quiet, wholehearted worker who does with all
his' might whatever his hand finds
to do, is often nevor heard of and
rarely gets any credit, yet his is tho
work that really counts.
The cause of this moralizing, if
such it can be called, is tho-frequent
remark that we hoar mado by members who soy "I've done all I'm
going to, the darned scissor-bills
aron't worth it; I've done my bit;"
■and also frequently somo say, "the
Loggers' Union is doing more than
its bit in the orgunized labor movement." But these remarks nover
come from n class-conscious worker,
for he knows that tho ultimate goal
is working class emancipation, and
whilst the scissor-bill remains a
slave the class-conscious worker
will also remain in that condition.
That the interest of the Lumber
Workers' Industrial Union and tho
Organized Labor Movement is a mutual interest and, consequently, the
more that the L.W.I. U. docs for the
movement the more it does for itsolf.
Many who talk loud and long of
class-consciousness and solidarity
are more concerned in playing the
bosses' gamo by looking for and enlarging upon differences to keep the
workers apart than in finding
ground for mutual action. Thc Englishman sees thc German. Tho white
man sees tho Oriental. The 0. B. U.
man sees the craft unionist. The
red card sees the ballot paper. But
tho boss always sees capital and
labor. When will we learn and practice solidarity!
Boilermakers StUI Busy
Boilermakers and Helpers Union
194 is' still taking in members and
managing to flnd jobs for thom,
Thc local union does not always flnd
it easy to supply the need of skilled
mechanics on account of thc great
demand, but the shipyards have been
inconvenienced very mueh becnuse
of this. Thoro is always a plentiful
supply of helpers, most of whom are
being supplied to thc union through
the medium of the Federal Employment Bureau,
Vancouver Land District
District of Coast, Bulge 1
TAKE NOTICE that I, Mary
Alice Clarke of Vancouver, B. C,
housewife, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands;
Commencing fit i post planted
about forty chains North to tho
South boundary of Lot 542; thence
West Sixty chains; thence South
about twenty chains to the North
boundary of Lot 1004; thonco East
forty chains; thenco South twenty
chains; thence East twenty chains
to the point of commencement, con-
tnining 100 acres, more or less,
Dated 31st July 1919,
Vancouver Land District
District of Coast, Rango l
TAKE NOTICE tbat I, Edwin
Clark Appleby of Vnncouver,
B. C, Jeweller, intend to apply for
permission to purchaso the following
Commencing at a post planted
about fifty chains Southwest of the
Southeast corner of Lot 422; thence
about twenty chains North to the
South boundary of Lot 422; thenco
Easterly about forty chains to tho
West boundary of Lot 429 (old P.B.
503); thcnccSouth about sixty chains
to shoreline; thenco Westerly nnd
Northerly along the shoreline to
point of commencement, and containing 200 acres more or less.
Dated at Vancouvor. aut J»h_. 1010.
642 Granville St
Phone Sey. 6110
Loggers Contribute Over
$200—More Money
Is Needed
About $000 has boen received this
week by thc defense committeo.
Moro is still needed. Individual receipts are being sent to those who
send in donations, and to collectors
for tho wholo amount subscribed.
Some time ago Tom Mace sent in
somo seventy-odd dollars from thc
Prince George district. The Loggers
contributed $217.50. Other sums
ranging from $5 to $50 have boon
sent in by collectors. It is the intention of tho committeo at a
later date to publish the full list
of donations, but in view of the fact
that some men who have contributed, and hnd their names published,
have been fired as a result, the committoe docs not wish to placo any
more in this position. Later when
tho smoke of 'battle has cleared
away, the full list will bo published,
(Contlhuod from page 1)
was acting as secrotary and business
agont while Socretary,McKeuzio was
away at tho conference and congress.
The Stage Employees' delegates
reported that theatre managers had
signed up the new wage scale,
which went into effect September 1.
The Boot and Shoo Workers' delegate reported that his union was
doing splendidly and that the International office had donated $50
to enable the union to send a delogate to thc Hamilton Congress,
A resolution introduced by Del.
Graham calling for an increaso to
$40 for widows* and dependents'
pensions was endorsed. It was pointed out by various delegates the
trials that these dependents encountered trying to livo on the miserable
allowance paid by the government.
Del. Showier introduced a motion
to the effoct that tho council take
the matter up with the polico commissioners nnd tho Attornoy-Goneral
of allowing boys of about 17 years
to drivo cars recklessly through the
streets, and recommending that
licenses only be issued to persons of
21 and ovey who could pass the
driving test. Tho delegate pointed
out that accidents were on the in-
crease and that truck drivers were
The Broadway Table Supply
Phone Fairmont 18 and 10 518 Broadway Eaat
Boyftl   Standard   Floor,   49   Iks.
at » ..„ |2.9Q
Royal Household,  49 lbs. ....|2.90
Tim Hoses Flour, 49 lbs |2.S0
Parity Flour, 49 lba. ............12.80
Wild Boh Pastry Flour, 101b.
aaeka —   .68c
B. * K. Oati, sack  65c
B. ft K. Oatmeal, fine, medium
and  coarse 70c
Wheat Pearls  . 46c
Puffed Wheat, pkg.   16c
Health Bran    16c
Kellogg'a Corn Flake*, 3 for...26c
Cream of Wheat, pkt  26c
B. ft E. Whoat Flakes, pkt.' ....36c
Robin Hood Oate, pkt 28C
Nabob Vinegar, bottle  23c
Malkin's Beat Vinegar, bottle..23c
Pears,   Olobe Brand,  tin   20c
Strawberry Jam, 4-lb. tin ....|1.26
Raspberry Jam,  4-lb.  tin  $1.25
Pork and Beans, 8 tins for 26c
Malkin's BeBt Baking Powder..23c
EgKu Baking Powder 33c
Hapc  Baking Powder  26c
Malkin's Custard Powder, large
tin „ SSe
Fry's Cocoa ........._... .......26c
Hkllbrook's Custard Powder....l4a
Soap, Sunlight, 4 for  26c
White Swan, 5 for ........ 25c
Royal Crown, 6 for , 2(k
Naptha R. C. Soap, 9 for ... 60e
Naptha White Swan, 9 for ....60o
Hallbrook'i, 2 for ...„......_.„....36c
Campbell Soup, tin ....
Matches,  8 for  _...
Bluo Ribbon Tea	
Malkin's  Best Tea   .SOc
Nabob Tea „  63c
Our Bulk Tea .'. _„.46e
Malkin's BeBt Coffee ...65c
Wedding Breakfast Coffee ......65e
Crisco, per lb  46c'
Puffed Rice, pkt  18c
Large Bar Klongdter Snap , 33c
Cans of Tomatous,  large siso,
2 for „ 36c
Special Alborta Butter, 3 lbs. |1.80
Jutland   Sardines   _—_...... 10c
Butter Cup Milk 23C
White and Brown Vinegar  16c
Ammonia  _.....16c
Whjto Beans, 8 lbs. fnr  26c
Robin Hood Oats, sack" 40c
Salt, 2 sacks for  26c
Phone Your Order, Fairmont 18 and 19
-^T&5/j^_     Named Shoes aw frequently made
WORKERS UNION/ in Non-union factories
_« .      No matter what its name, unless
raCTOty J      it bears a plain and readable im-
 . i.M  pression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP are always Non-union
So not accept any excuse *« Absence of the Union Stamp
00LI8 LOVELY, General President—CHAS. L. BAINK, General Sec.-Treas.
being blamed for the reckless driving, whereas it was boys who were
tho offenders. The motion after
considerable discussion was carried.
The council endorsed the Hospital
Drive snd donated *5Q to the fund.
It was pointed out in the discussion
on this question that the grievance
committee of Coughlan's had visited
the hospital and found that the hospital was worthy of the support of
organised labor and that the man
aging bonrd was going to reorganis
after tho drive waB over and wool
in all probability give labor tw
Beats on the board. In discusrin
this question and the motion man
delegates pointed out instances «
whore tho hospital had been of gres
help to workers, whilst othei
thought it was time the governmei
furnished tho funds for the inst
tution and was opposed to the drift
on those grounds.
33-4547-49 Hastings St East
Right Shoes at
a Right Price—
. Hundreds of Vancouver men swear by Dick's Shoes—eome here
again and again—bring their friends here—
Because Dick's Shoe Department specializes in Men's Shoes—our
patrons know they'll get the best line in Men's Shoes on the
market—know that we carry a range of leathers and styles that
gives room for choice—know that they'll get perfect fit and honest
—wide or narrow toe—Goodyear welted solo—every
Width—every size—exceptionally eomfo'**-"
—Leckie's, Valentine & Martin's, Canadian
Boy, Ames Holden and others.
-in Brown or Blaok—Sizes 8 to 5>/fc.
No.. 1 Grain Calf—a
stout all-leather shoe—
in blaek—si&os 2_ to
Our <hiar»nte»<"
Your Money's
Worth or Tour
Money Back.


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