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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 18, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
New Westminster Scene
of First B. C. Strike
of Teachers
Board of Trustees Has Ignored Suggested Wage
All the publlo and high schools
of New Westmlnater are closed u
the result of the flrat strike of
school teachers in British Columbia. All the membera of the New
Westminster Teachers' Association
a branch of the B. C. Teachers'
Federation, are Involved and determined to have the matter properly
adjusted. The association teachers
Were receiving $1121 per year ln
publie schools anil $1008 tn high
schools, which, according to available figures was practically the lowest In the province. The association
tried to negotiate for an Increase
Which would even then place them
lower than many other B. C. districts at laat year's figures. The demands are: Publie schools, $1460,
that offered was $1285; high
schools, $2281, that offered was
Following are the facts which led
to the dispute with the Board of
It has long been a matter qf
common knowledge that the salaries of teachers In this city have
been extremely low in comparison
with those paid In surrounding centres. Accordingly, In November last
a salary schedule was drawn up by
a specially appointed salary committee, and was unanimously endorsed by the members of the association. This schedule was submitted to the Board of Trustees
with the request that they receive
a delegation from the association
to dlBcuss the same at a round-table conference. After some delay
this request was granted and the
conference waa held on December
SI at which figures were submitted
showing New Westminster's low
average aa compared with the salaries paid elsewhere ln the province. It was generally felt that this
conference was the first step towards placing the relations between
truatees and teachers on a new
plane and that It would pave the
way towards a better understanding between the parties concerned.
As lt later proved the results of
this conference were practically nil.
Nothing further was done ln the
matter until after the election. As
the retiring members were returned by acclamation the personnel of
the board remained unchanged.
Deliberately Ignored Teachers
On January 26 the new board,
'although consisting of the same
members as the old board, met and
drew up a schedule of salaries entirely Ignoring the suggestions put
forward by the * association delegates at the conference on December 21, at whloh all the trustees
(Continued on Page  8)
We need it in our fight for the working class
How mud are you interested in that fight?
DURING the last two years the cost of production has
gone up 75 per cent In addition to that all the active
reactionary forces have waged a fight against the
Federationist because of its clear-cut and uncompromising
Advertisers Withdraw
Advertisers have withdrawn their support, while admitting the efficiency of the paper as an advertising medium.
Some of them have stated openly that unless the policy of the
paper was changed they would be compelled to withdraw
their patronage. A glance at our advertising columns will
disclose just how far this opposition has gone.
No Change in Policy
The directors have faced the difficulties that have had to
be surmounted with a determination not to be dictated to by
advertisers. Feeling that- unaided they could not wage the
fight that must be faced if the paper is to give the same
service as in the past, a number of workers who have shown
interest in the working-class movement, representing all
kinds of organized labor, were invited to a meeting to discuss the situation. It was decided unanimously that the
workers of the province and country should be appealed to
and their aid solicited. >
Need for Ready Cash
With restricted finances the highest prices hsve to be paid
for supplies owing to the fact that they must be bought in.
small quantities. With ready cash this difficulty can be over-.
come and some saving effected. With the aid of the workers
the directors will be able to carry on and overcome the difficulties that face them. But if ths fight is to be won it can
only be won by the working class and not by a few individuals.
Send As Much As You Can and As Ofth As You Can BEFORE MAY DAY
Let the Slogan be: "Put the Fmerationist on Easy Street"
Financial Security
Aid an Increased Circulation for the
Federationist by May Day
Will Continue Fight
The Federationist will continue to fight as It has in the
past for the workers, irrespective of their affiliations. When
the workers are struggling against their employers it is with
them on all occasions and without respect to craft,-race or
creed. But it can only continue as long as the finances are
j Labor versus Capital
• When the line up is labor vs. capital, it can hardly be expected that the enemy will contribute the sinews of war.
The fight is therefore one that the workers must assume.
This responsibility has been recognized by a large committee
which will work in the city of Vancouver with the object of
securing the amount mentioned above. Other parts will also
be asked to add their quota in the fight and labor in all parts
will be asked to join in. We need the money. We need more
Close May Day
May Day is International Labor Day.
That day has been set aside for the conclusion of the campaign. Five thousand dollars and five thousand new subscribers by May Day. Official receipts will be sent to any
officer or responsible member of the working 'class for dis-
• tribution. Let us know what you can do and intend doing
and the necessary supplies will be forwarded.
j More Subscribers Needed
The Federationist has the largest circulation of any Labor
paper in. Canada. Only two dailies in British Columbia exceed its circulation. As an advertising medium it has no
■__ equal when ths workers are to be reached.  But there are
many workers who do not subscribe. This can be remedied.
Why not help in placing the Federationist in the premier
position regarding circulation?
I Will You Help ?
tk Will you assist in aiding the Federationist to be in an in*
jt•! dependent position by May Day?  Our fight is your concern.
You can aid us and we will assist you, but you must do your
bit and do it now
■   v
Spent Early life in Prison With His
Later He Started Out to
Expose the Activity
of Stools
(By   Carroll   Binder,   Federated
Tteaa Btaff Correspondent)
New Tork—This ls a story of a
spy on spies; Albert Balanow (or
Albert Bailln, as he la generally
known ln America), the former
private detective whose confession
was flled with former Governor
Whitman's committee Investigating the New York police, and who
Is now on trial on the charge of
sending threatening letters to public officials, tells In this document
how he became a detective.
The Federated Press publishes
Ballln's version of his strange Ufe
as lt appears ln the confession,
eveiV page of wblch was sworn to
before a notary public. It has endeavored to check up the statements he makes and has found
many of them to be true; but lt
assumes no responsibility for thom
other than to accurately report
what be told the Whitman committee. The names of the agencies
by whom he was employed and
whom he accuses are withheld for
the present.
A Jew
Borii of Jewish parents ln Kres-
lavka, Gpbernla, Albert was not
long In learning the ways of justice. When he was 7, his father
was arrested on the false charge
of aiding soldiers to desert the
army. The elder Balanow wai
confined ih Dvenskoe jail for 82
months before he was brought to
trial. Though defended by an able
lawyer, he was sentenced, to ten
years at hard labor. The family
accompanied the father on hln removal to Vetehskoe prison and a
year later to a forest prison neat*
Poltosk. Albert lived tn the prison with his father, and played
with the prisoners and ran errands
for them. After* an attempt to escape, the father's sentence was
changed to life. Balanow (or Ball-
In) says his experiences ln prison
and the knowledge of the frame-
up against his father roused In him
a determination to expose the men
who are guilty of bringing about
the arrest nnd Imprisonment of Innocent people.
Coming to America ln 1911, he
learned the trade of clgarmaker
In Chicago. The confession records his places of employment and
experiences, which are those of the
'green" Immigrant.
First Experience
Early ln 1917, when the La Kur-
ba Cigar Company was lighting the
Cigarmakers Union, Balllln got his
flrst experience as an operative.
Charles Win field, then president
and business agent of the union,
says Bailln, negotiated with Sol
(Continued on page 4)
Would Have Workers
Interested In Plans
For Machine Guns
"Broker" Shows Considerable Interest in Working Class Movement—Would Like to Aid Soviet Russia and Makes Suggestion
to Editor—Workers, However, Do Not Fall for Labor "Friend."
TRUTH is stranger than fiction. In fact some stories that are a relation of facts would
appear to be the vagaries of a disordered brain. Particularly are tho real activities of
the governments and government departments, when recorded, more like fiction of the
"wild and wooly west" type than truth. Por a considerable time it has bcen known in Vancouver, and other parts of Canada, that the use of stool pigeons and agonts provocateurs has
become vory common. The memories of the late Sergeant Wilson who most callously murdered his wife and for which crimo he was hung. Barney Roth who, prior to joining the Mounted
Police, was charged with accepting bribes from innocent foreigners under the pretense that
he could grant them immunity under the Military Service Act, which he, at that time, was
engaged as a Dominion policeman to enforce, and on a technicality escaped conviction at the
assizes; Dourasoff who, in the perjury trial in Vancouver, denied that he had been arrested in
Saskatchewan in 1916 for rape, and later admitted it, and persisted in denying the police reports as to his immoral reputation in the district, and the part they played in Vancouver; and
the activities of Zaneth, in the Crows Nest Pass, and later in Montreal, will still linger in the
minds of our readers. But judging from recent happenings there are still some men active who,
if'they are not agents provocateurs, must be crazy and should be taken care of in those plaees
set aside for the eare of the mentally deficient.
One of these individuals who haa could be seen at any time and then
been operating ln local labor circles has been under observation
for some time. Hts name Is Victor
B. Weldle, or Welde, aa he uses
bpth. Nothing that would really Incriminate him, although there was
Strong circumstantial evidence that
all was not right, happened until
this year. The outstanding feature
being the attempt made by him to
Interest the Editor of the Federatlonist In a machine gun.
Asks About Lestor
* On January the 27th Mr. Weldle
phoned the editor and asked him
tf he knew when Mr. Lestor was
coming back to Canada, Intimating that he had a proposition that
he thought would be of interest.
He was told that nothing was
known as to Mr. Lestor's return.
He then asked for an Interview.
He was Informed that the editor
he promised to call the following
morning. It was not, however, until a Uttle after three p.m. that he
entered the Federatlonist office.
The editor had had but Uttle to do
with Weldle, but owing to Information received, was somewhat suspicious, and did not want to speak
ln private so that the usual exaggerated and garbled report of what
had transpired, which ls customary
for spies to turn In, could be manufactured, but desired to have rebuttal evidence of Independent witnesses ln the case of his visitor being a spy, and had arranged that
all that transpired should, as far
as possible, be recorded, and three
of the members of the staff were
ln the office during the Interview.
Mr. Weldle, however, as surmised, waB evidently not so sure of hts
ground and aaked for a private Interview. This was granted, but the
door between the Inner and outer
offices was left open, so that what
was Bald could be overheard ln the
outer one. Mr. Weldle, however,
was In a confidential and mysterious mood and drew a chair close
up to the editor and made his statements ln a whisper. The answers
made to his suggestions and statements were, however, made In
tones loud enough for all ln the offlce at the time to hear without
any trouble. The statements of Mr,
Weldle are In effect oa follows:
Invented a Machino Gun
He stated that he had met a
man who was interested in the
working-class movement, and who
had Invented a machine gun, the
plan of which had been submitted
to the British authorities or some
member or official of a munition
(Continued o* page 7)
Long: Disagreement With
Employees May End
in Upheaval
Thedisagreement between the
British Columbia Electric Railway
Co. and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Local
213, Is fast coming to a crisis. The
local opened up negotiations with
the company ns tat back as April
of last year, for the slgniny up of
a new agreement, which Included
a small increase in wages. But the
company hus since then put tt off
on various pretexts.
At this time the local had some
disagreement wtth the International office, and lt appears as tf the
company ' >ok advantage of this
situation to put off final settlement,
of the agreement. Anyhow, the
company held back the settlement
from time to time on various
grounds, some of which wei'e the
absence of its officials on company
Finally a conciliation board was
established at the request of the
employees of the company, and
after making certain modifications
In the working conditions, It
brought In a unanimous report
granting a continuation of the wago
The local acoetped these terms
of the award for* the sake of avoiding a rupture with thc company at
that time.
The company, howover, again
took advantage of the situation by
rejecting the award of the conciliation board, and offered a counter-
proposition ln Us place, which
practically meant a 10 per cent
reduction In wages, and an open
The employees now think > the
farce has gone on long enough,
and at a meeting held in .the Union
Hall on Wednesday evening, turned down the company's offer by a
large majority, and instructed its
committee to again-take up the
matter with the company In an at.
tempt to prevent an industrial upheaval ln the city. This committee
will report baok to the union on
(Continued en page 1)
im locks
W Westminster Brew-
ry Has Taken Axe to
Break Up Union
'Employees of the Westminster
l?rawery, locked out since February
2,,:are standing pat on their demands. The company Is offering all
kii'ula of excuses for its action, but
all to no avail, and In the city of
Vancouver at least, "Britannia
BaW" is being "passed up" by both
bartenders and customers.
To Break Union
Tho Brewei'y Workers Union of
New Westminster, had a disagreement with the company ovor the
discharge of Chief Engineer Mun-
day. win.- had been in the employ
of it he company for 25 years. 13m-
ptoyees claim discrimination on the
pa, t of the company. Activities of
thf oompany, for a long time, have
bei n such, as to cause a great deal
of unt'est among the employees,
nn^ from all appearances thc eompa ty was trying to break up th
un on. The presont crisis was precipitated Wednesday, Feb. 2, when
the son of Mr. Nels'in, proprietor,
ordered the whistle blown three
minutes ahead of time. The cm
ployees knowing this, were not ln
haste to get to work, and seeing
this, it is alloged that Nelson's son
swiire at the men and told them
thiy were all flred and proceeded
to order them off the premises.
Company Tool llusy
Mr. Nels Nelson, the proprietor,
was away at the time, but when
ho returned, ho stated that he was
quite in accord with the actions of
bis son. Thc mon have since tried
to havo the matter arbitrated, but
the company has balked at every
movo. The men also tried to get
their grievances to the general
public by menns of dodgers, but
eyofy print shop In town refused
to print thom, and when the B. C.
Federatlonist took on the Job of
printing them, word was sent to
the office by means of a messenger,
to the effect that the statements
on the proposed dodger was un-
(Contlnued on Fag« 6)
Three Labor Members
Open Up On the B.C
Government Programme
In Replying to the Speech from the Throne They Point Out
That Very Important Working Class Legislation Has Been
Entirely Overlooked in  the  Recommendations for Session.
THE three Hritish Columbia Labor members in the Provincial Legislature at Vietoria
opened np last week in reply to tho Speech from the Throno. The session was formally
opened by Lieutenant-Governor Hon, \V, C. Nichol, on February 8, and nfter many
addresses had been made by various members in reply to the speech, Harry Neelands, M.P.P,
for South Vancouver, made his reply on Thursday, and was followed later by Tom Uphill,
M.P.P. for Fernie. Both took the opportunity of referring to thc faet that no mention had
been made in the Speech from the Throne on legislation for the relief of unemployment and
certain other legislation. Sam Guthrie, M.P.P. for Newcastle, made his reply on Monday
afternoon of this week and some of his remarks brought rounds of applause from the crowded
galleries, which no doubt left quite an impression ou the rest 6f thc would-be legislators. Ho
told them that he might refer to them as "fellow workers," as that was a phrase used in hia
speeches to working-class audiences, but if ho addressed that august assembly as such he hoped
they would excuse him, because he would not mean it. Realizing that he was addressing an
audience, 90 per cent, of whom were opposed to his subject matter and received it with sneers,
Sain told them that he might bc a little rattled on this occasion, but he assured them that he
would improve, and so wc may expect to hear of Sam delivering an address iu the very near
future that will make this "august assembly" squirm in their scats.
Neelands,  referring to the sug-1 reaching policy would    be    estab-
gestion of the member for Esqul-  HsheU, that of Governmont control
malt, who preceded him in the do
bate, that some third candidates
at the recent elections had been
financed by certain party funds, asserted that so far as the Federated
Lnbor Party was concerned Its
sources of election funds had been
solely Its own members, and lhat
no party funds had found tlieir
way to his election expenditure.
On the liquor question, Neelanda
held that a clear-cut mandate bad
been given by the people for government control, and, therefore, It
was tho policy of tho Federated
Labor Party to secure as effective
and efficient control of,the sale of
liquor as possiblo. Hts party
favored the snle of liquor at cost
price plus overhead charges, on
the principle of the production of
commodities for use Instead of
profit.   In this connection,   a   far*
and salo of a commodity. If that
policy wero an acceptable ono in
tlio ca.se of liquor, It was equally
acceptablo and practicable lu the
case of any othor commodity such,
for Instance, as milk for hungry
babies and children; coal, or any
other article of common use.
Would Extend Principle
It might bo asked, he said,
"What about the capital Invested
in Uioho industries?" Tho capital
Invested in tho liquor business was
just as sacred lo the liquor men as
was thc cnpltal to tbo Investor in
any otber line, llo hoped to seo
thc policy adoptod in respect of
liquor extended to Includo tbo
natural resources of the
Wus it not a shame, tbo member for South    Vancouver   nsked,
that In the midst ef such great
natural resources, the problem of
unemployment should exist ln
Hritish Columbia? He was disappointed that no reference to that
condition had been made In the
Speech. He held It to bc tho duty
of tho State to provido productivo
employment for the involuntarily
unemployed man or woman under
strictly trude union conditions. The
country encouraged immglratlon,
and hnd expounded the flnanclal
value of tho newcomor In the development of resources, nnd had
attracted them to como here and
settle. That being the caso, Mr.
Neelanda argued, It was the. duty
of the government to see that those
people were given opportunity to
enrn a livelihood,
South Vancouver, lying adjacent
to Vancouver City, and being pre*
(Continued on page 4) r\-___   iitu
ymnTEENTH YBAR.   No. 9       into  gTUXlSH   UU.bUMB.lA  FiSUflKATIQNIST      TANCOUVBR, B. a
Men s $6.00 Pure Wool
Tape Neck Jerseys
The biggest bargain we have evor offered in pure wool,
tape-neck Jerseys—navy, maroon and dark oxford grey
—a dandy Jersey for working men. A q   A (J
Regular $6.00, now _ t|. O.frD
Free Delivery
On Friday tnd Saturdar wn will Mil
oor faiuoLi fork Knouldo-i, weighing from 4 to 10 Ibl. each. Regular
85« lb. Friday and Saturdar *?***
olal, per lb. _  26 l-2s
Slator's Slload Streaky Huron; lb. 400
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Baoon; lb. BOo
Slater'a Siloed Streaky Bacon; lb. 680
Slator'a Sliced BbneloBs Ham; lb. 6C0
Slater's Sliced Ayrsliiro Baoon; lb. 46c
Oar fetnmit  Boneless Rolled Beef
Routs;   any  she  cut.   Regular
880 lb.   Special, per lb :M 1-ite
Oven Roasts, from, lb. j,
Pot Roasts, from, lb -
Boiling Beef, from lb. _.
Boneless Stew Beef, lb. .
„„., IBe
On   Saturdar morning  from  7  to
11,   our  Famoua   Picnic   Hams,
Regular SSo lb.    Special
per lb _  ..26 l-2o
On aale on Friday ahd Saturdar,
onr famous Pork Roasts; prao-
tlcally no bone; ln cuts from t
to 10 lbs. Regular 40o lb. Spa-
dal per lb. S4 l-to
On Saturdar morning from 7 to 11, wo
will Bell our famous Alberta Cream'
orr Buttor at, lb.  ...54o
Limit, 6 Ibl.
[    SPUDS        SPUDS        SPUDS
1 Finest Highland Spuds; flne, dry,
mealy spuds. Regular 92.00 sack
Friday and Saturday, sack 11.88
On Friday and Saturday, our famoua
Lamb   Shoulders.   Regular  28c  lb.
Special, per lb. : 23 1-28
B.  0. Tomatoes;  tin ...... .V.17 1-20
Quaker Corn, tin. ...^,.-Jrt..._...17,J-8fl
Finest Poos; 2 tins for _. 26a
Sardines,  3  for  _............2Bo
Slater's famoua Streaky Baoon, In
half or wholo slabs. Regular 45b
por lb. Friday and Saturday specinl, per lb 36 l-2c
Pork and Beans, 8 for "
B. 0. MUk, 2 for 	
Onr famous Green Peas on
sale en
Saturday from 7 a.m. to 11 a.m.
Regular 8 lbs. for 26c.
6   lbs.   for ._	
We .will sell our finest Spuds on
Friday   and   Saturday.    Rogular
92.25 sack.  Spocial  $1.50
Finest Compound Lard; 2 lbs 36c
Finost Pure. Lard; 2 lbs. for  SOo
Bird's Custard Powder; 2 for „...25t
Slater's   Coffee;   lb.    48a
Quaker Strawberry Jam;*4 lbi...fl,10
Lobster;   small nn —........888
Lobster;   large  tin   -.—... 660
TEA       TEA       TEA
Slater's   famous   Red  Label   Toa.
Regular 46o lb., on sale oa Sat*
unlay from 7 a.m. to 12 noon;
per lb. ., - -...38o
Malkin's Baking Powdor; regular
i   8O0.    Special   ...200
12o7„ tin (Malkin's Best).
EGOS        EOOS        EOOB
On Friday and Saturday we will sell
B. 0. Fresh Eggs, while they lost,
at, doien 46c
On Friday and Saturday we will
sell tho finest Rolled OaU at 5
lbs. for » 26o
128 Hutu(i St. B., Phon. Say. 3269
1181 OiutIII. St., P. on. Ser. 8"»
830 GrtirrUl. St, Phon. So,. 860
3200 Mlln St., Plono Fair. 1083
Do you remember
the teeth of your youth
before the action of decay lost them to yout
Much of your appearance, as it was then, can now
be restored by EXPRESSION TEETH; for
added experience and training has enabled me to
attain this result. Closely as I approach nature
in matching the exact size and tint of your
original teeth, the power of this work to correot
the lines of feature is even more remarkable.
Let me explain my specialty.
I do this work in my
own laboratory.
—whloh assure, that comet
adjustment oisential to finished
results. Theh; too, the XB»,
it a certainty of diagnosli
which thoughtful people d*>
Comer  Seymour
Office  Open  Tuesday  and  Friday
DR.   BRETT  ANDERSON,  formerly member of Uie Faculty of the
College of Dentls'.ry, University of Southern California,  Lecturer
on Drown and Bridgework, Demonstrator in Platework and Operative Duntfctry, Local and General Anaesthpsla.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ono year's subscript lon to Tke
B. 0. Federotlonlat, will bs mailed to
ony address Id Canada for $33.50
(Good anywhere outsido of Vancouver
city.)  Order ten today. Romlt when sold.
The M.T, Loggers' Boot
Moll ordors personally attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Logger.' HaU
Phone Seymour 650 Repairs Done While Yon Walt
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap good, can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
ii produced from the highest grade materials proeurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
The Dry Belt
Editor B. C. Federationist: I am
sending you this artlole, whioh I
kindly usk you to put in The Federatlonist.    For my owi» part,  I
dislike to write about this matter,
but feeling that It Is a duty, not
only to myself, but to humanity.
Theft is a land ln the Interior of
British Columbia which is known
by the name of the Dry Belt,   Like
Kamloops, the Okanagan, the Sim
ilkamecn valleys.    It is impossible
In these portions of the Province
to gVflw anything if the land is not
Irrigated, or sub-Irrigated In some
way.    Land  without  irrigation  is
almost worthless, but If the land
has irrigation, and it is otherwise
good, so .far as soil, altitude abovo
sea-level,  free from alkali salt, lt
Is valuable.      Much of ihe alkali
land  Is sold  by  unscruplous  real
estate    agents    as    land    under
Irrigation,    as    high    as    $800.00
pet'   acre,   which   la   not   worth
$10.00 per acre,   aa   lt   ls   Impossible on account of the alkali salt,
to gt'ow anything on the land.    I
will write you something about unscrupulous   government   land,   not
real estate land.   Good land ln this
portion  of British  Columbia,  and
over the line In the Btate of Washington, has some of the most valuable land, If It ls under irrigation.
It ls used mostly for orchard land.
In the State of Washington there Is
some good land of this kind ln the
Okanogan country, something like
the land In the Canadian Okanagan, not very far away, only more
advanced than this Is,    There are
valleys In the mountains, and the
small  streams  which  come  down
trom the mountains, which are used
for the Irrigation of the land.    In
Washington the American government has spent about $100,000 on
improvement woric near the small
cities   of   Okanagan,   Omak   and
Riverside,  Wenatchee  Railway,  to i
put some of >thts land under Irrlga-1
tion.   Give the man who wanted to
settle on this land,  60 years' time
to pay off the money expended on
this work, for cement ditches and
steel pipes under the ground, going to every Ave or ten-acre lot In
the district.   In this way the American government has made an unsettled  wilderness,   only  good  for
cattle   grazing,   one   of  the   most
thickly settled, and richest orchard
lands in Washington.    The Canadian government has done this in
a different way.     It has given the
water right to some streams coming down from the mountains, to
some   land,   for*   irrigation.     This
water   right   for   Irrigation    was
given to some land owners.    Their
land at that time cost a good deal.
Subdivided   ln   five   and   ten   acre
blocks,  and   advertised   by  them;
people were told what other men
made across the line, out of their
orchar*ds, and that the govornment
did give a water^ right for irrigation, which did belong to the land.
Mainly in the years 1908 to 1912,
much of this land was sold from
$150 per acre and up.   The buyers
knowing   the   value   of   Irrigated
land paying father more for the
water right for Irrigation, than for
the  land.    In   other  places  there
have been conditions like this without question.    Things did go in a
subdivision of 24 lots, mostly ten
acres each, where I have some land
of my own.    These  24 lots were
sold  between   190T  and   1912,  at
$160 per acre and more, with the
water"   right   of   the   government
granted to the land. There was not
such a thing as a license, but there
was a free water right granted by
the government to the land for irrigation.    Most  of the  men  that
did buy this land, have been working men, with the exception of a
few others.
At the end of the war, theft has
not been more than six blocks of
the 24 blocks in the district under
irrigation. The owners of some of
the blocks, who did not have their
land under irrigation, were a logger
somewhere near" Vancouver; one a
bricklayer In the States, onc a clerk
ln Winnipeg. Three company men,
two near Calgary, one in Ontario.
and the othors doing other work.
Some time in the fall of 1913 there
was a meeting of these six men,
who did have' thetr land under irrigation. In the small town, where
the land Is located, beside some
other men of other districts, and
the two government men. The
names aro T. F. Armstrong, chairman, and J. I. T. Alexander, member of the Hoartil of Irrigation, water branch, Victoria, B. C. The advice of some of these men who
were at this meeting, who had their
land under irrigation, were to give
these other men who did not have
their land under irrigation to give
them a certain time to do so, and
If they found this Impossible in
that time, their water right would
be taken away from them.
Government men of this kind
are not In thoir right places in
government office. They should be
kicked out, to make room for some
good, honest man, who aft able and
willing to put their mind and soul
Into their work. Besides this, the
work wns done behind the backs
of the other men; very few of them
knowing anything about this matter, as the government did not notify them of It. This man has been
naked years ago to pay the same
high flnnnccs as the other men In
tho district who made their living
out of the land. My own finances
were raised about $19 per* year In
1918 to $100 per year in 1919, and
a hundred per year in 1920, and
when I found some one who wanted to put the land under Irrigation
nnd cultivation, I was told there
was no water right to my land. It
would have cost me about $600 at
least to put the land undor irrigation, and I didn't have the money.
None of these other 18 lots of the
24 lots have been put under Irrigation, up to the time limit given to
these other men, and If this law
stands, the owner of the six lots
have been successful, to steal all
the value of the other lots away.
Hoping In the near future I will
get my rights, so far I have been
Tours sincerely,
118 Thtrty-flfth avenue east.
four or Ave yeara ago, the premier
waa Interrogated relative to the
government manufacturing1stumping powder, and his characteristic
reply was: "If there la ao mueh
money ln the powder business, why
don't you farmers go into It your-
SLnce then aome of ua have gravelled a long way In our ideaji; but
the prevailing attitude of the "farmers and indeed of the workera in
general, clearly shows we are
stumbling along In a mist of economic ignorance. What ls the use
at this stage of world history In
looking to the government for ameliorative measures to alter the status of the farmor or any other worker? The government Is the reflex of the economic Intorests that
control lt Is It to the Interests of
tho said controlling factors that
their administrative servants develop Industries In the Interests of
the farmers that will compete with
or abolish their profits?
The writer has had many years'
experience of land clearing', and
even under the fetters of capital-
Ism has had a fair meaaure of
success aa a dairy farmer, but have
at length arrived at this conclu
sion: That under the capitalist-In
cub us .every acre cleared, every
ounce of labor power expended,
means added wealth for the most
scientifically organized parasitism
the world has ever seen, and for
the farmer, the sum total of It all
Is a mere subsistence land clearing
for the Individual Is a' Blow and
painful process, aye, ln the face of
the enormous labor involved, Individual effort Is abjectly puny.
In. this stage of wortd evolution,
the only powder worth bothering
about is that Intellectual powder
or knowledge, to be gained by the
study of Marxian economics/ When
the farmers, workers or otherwise,
understand their hopeless position
under the system, there will be
enough mental powder generated
to blow the existing economic system Into the limbo of the past.
Cobble Hill, B. C.
..February 18,19IS
Government-owned Powder Plant
Bdltor B. C. -Federationist: In
regard to your correspondent advocating tnat the government be
induced to .establish a government-
owned powder plant and to sell to
farmers, powder at oost At a farmers'   irl*"*""""  '"   ,h'°  <*.n.».n_   eet\tnrt»
What to Touch lu Our Schools
Editor fi. C. Federatlonist: The
question of what, why aud how to
teach In our schools ls at last engaging; attention. Let me try to express, as well as may bo In a few
words, the main facts:     ^ . . 7* ■
Education is ruled by university
professors. These are a strong
union who have secured compet$it
salaries, short hours and long leisure, pleasant and honored llvesr—
all excellent and worthy..-.pf .imitation. One thing only is Jacking,
they profess to supply learning,
and they do not deliver the goods.
Whatever civilization wo.,, have,
we owe to Athons, Jepijsalem,
Rome and to tho toachenjjiatlen
France; our children should- know
tbout these, and the glorious examples that thc teacher ean, give.
Professor-trained people .<ry to
exalt specialist knowledge by calling alt outline knowledge 'la smattering." In truth all learning Is a
smattering, a fragmentary reflection of the Infinity of fact; but these
fragments are the best of possessions.
When the specialized knowledge
Is that of the arts and crafts, the
professors can see that It may be
narrowing to those who miss .outline knowledge; but In' fact their
own specialisms are cramping to
the mind, and they often know nothing of life. It Is also pathetically tfte that the tasks on the
fulfilling of which we all Ih-e, are
often very cramping to the body—
such as the work of bringing down
logs from mountain forests, which
often means braving cold water
during all working'hours; enduring
storms ln Ashing boats; walking 2 r.
miles a day to cut velvet pile (the
slavery of American children);
hewing coal Is the greatest (save
one) of bodily efforts, and many
We all need broader knowledge.
Let every group of people nsk for
lt, and especially let the largest
class in the nation ask that it be
given ln our schools. Demand the
Important "occasional lesson," and
that such lessons include learning
how industrial work is done for us.
And demand "the chart" which together with good teaching Is now
recognized as the greatest help to
needed knowledge.
I apnend a letter of demands,
abridged, giving explanation of the
chart. Others may stato our needs
better than I have done;. I beg
them to try.
Give the Chart
The following is the major part
of a letter to the Minister of Education. Victoria, B. C, from a citizen of Kelowna, urging that educational errors and omissions of the
older countries be avoided In the
new; that the Alms of Learning be
clearly stnted and taught In the
Normal school, and that universities should be givers as well
guardians of learning, and, as true
teachers, both seek knowledge and
formulate It for the people,,,, ,...
The appeal to the eyo Is tb\e' s,Pi
peal above all to both undnr^taud,-
lng and memory, and should Jje
made not only ln tho object-lesson,,
but also ln the diagram, the mftp.|In
many kinds, the vortical tabjfe and
other forms of chart. Tet these are
lacking fftm our schools ^n^L lecture halls, and too often from opr
books. .'../     u,
The clear formulation, understood and shared with others^ts the
salvation alike of single souls and
of nations. It gives clear thinking
and definite aims. .        ,
It takes visible form as a chart,
and as a chart ls present to the
mind or recalled to It. In using th$p
chart the teacher adds much1 .tllufl-j
tratton and type examples.
The wall chart of historic centuries would name, writ largest, as
epoch-making events of human history ln historic times, three formulations In their acceptance by Europo, These, which have all oomr
jfrom or through Semitic racos,
1. The visible symbols of speech-
sounds ln the'sorles called the* alphabet.
2. The religion of the Christian
era, recognized In modern though'
as that of thn fuller life, Its dls-;
tlnctlve characters being: Freedom'
and voluntary virtue; brotherhood
and world-wide mutual help; equality of human souls without caste
•       Tk.   A«..!.._.   waattSmMeam   •# .......
(By H. N. Brallsford)
THB Third International has
coma to bring not peace but a
sword into the Socialist movement. Tht schism achieved lost
week at tho Leghorn conference In
tho Italian Party differs from the
two recent splits which had preceded it, By tho reshaping of the
German and French parties, Moscow was the gainer. In Italy, on
the other hand, it seems to have
lost heavily. Up to the last week
the entire Italian Socialist Party,
perhaps the most sincere and the
most energetic proletarian party in
Western Europe, was afflliated as
a solid unit to the Third International.
There were, of course, differences
on tactics within It, but the various
groups managed to preserve their
mutual respoct. The entire party
had come triumphantly through
the moral test of the war, and Its
groups retained the living memory
that thoy had all boon staunch
comrades during tho dark years
that triad men's souls. The divisions In Qvery other Allied oountry
out much deeper.
Discipline and Records
It Is not difficult to understand
why the Italian and the French
parties have reacted very differently to tho demand for discipline
which Moscow has codified ln the
21 points. The French have no
reasons for confidence or self-congratulation. Their recent history
haa been one long misfortune.
The murder of Jaures left them
without a great leader. The war
had fofted them Into uninspiring
attitudes of compromise. They
had followed events Instead of
making history. They had suffered grievously ln the last general
election,  and the  attempted  gen-.
bers, providing the means of measurement lp daily business, in manual arts and ln every science.
These great heritages have not
been duly preserved nor given
forth by our professors of learning.
bur learned men give the-people
no charts, and do not maintain
those existing of old, beforo universities.
(1) -No warning has oome
through a university of our runlous
misuse of the alphabet. Our professors call lt scholarship to spell
"read" past and present the same,
and "danger" as if lt rhymed with
"anger," Scholarship of pronunciation ls forgotten. Every Intelligent teacher can tell of the precious school hours wasted' on the
memory work of our unprincipled
spelling, a handicap to whloh only
English-speaking nations submit.
The alphabet is the flrst science
chart of the school. We need a
complete chart of English speech
sounds. Even China, the ancient,
is now ahead of us, having a phonetic alphabet of 39 symbols ln use
in schools, in busines writing and
type-writing, and for preserving
tho language.
The writing lesson Is the great
art-lesson of the school, but it is
honored less by us than lt was by
or grandparents,
(2) No protest has come from
any university against the corruption of Christianity. The rival
priesthoods have revived the wor-1
ship of the vengeful tribal god, |
Yahveh, and reverted to other false
and fatnlly easy formulas and dramatic Images. They have promoted coercive laws, and even
prison torture, of pre-ChrlBtlan
origin. The coato system of the
learned themselves Is proverbin1
and their contempt for publi
(3) The science of numbers am
of computation is not Intelligent
ly. formulated for teaching. Ar
ithmctlc Is not linked with slmpl-
geometry visually shown. The In
vestigation in mental formulas o
numbers, begun by Francis Gal
tou. Is not followed up nor acte-
upon. The lack of training in th-
nbllity to estimate quantity cause
blunders even of responsible men
In questions of economics espeel
In like mannei1, the great bin
logical principles found and for
multcd in recent generations—c
form function and developmen
In living things, and their intei
actions—are not shown as the
should be, In available charts an-
occasional lessons. Schedule-form*
for observation and record of her
edlty In family traits are not
supplied to citizens by any BritisV
authority, though they are In th'
United StateB.
Psychology, the queen science
neglected. On the laws o
mind chiefly depend the happiness and progress of'the child an-
of the nation. These laws can b-
outlined in brief an^ nre of prac
tlcal value every hour; yet thit
help Is not given.
The contemptuous decree of
specialists ln learning, that science
is "not for the multitude," is false
on every count, and tends to retard the very science they seek to
protect, Let us make royal roads
to the mountains of knowledge:
thus wltl persevering souls be better able to climb the heights and
keep in mental touch with their
brothers on the broad road.
Kelowna, B, C,
Feb.  12, 1921,
eral strike, into whloh they plunged
without unity or funds, had boon a
failure. Thay had hewn out no
road of their own. Moscow, wtth
its sublime sslf-confldence and its
rigidly formulated plan, camo to
save them from themselves, Tho
middle-class reaction, also, moro
violent and self-confident ln Franc*
than elsewhoro, drove and challenged the French Party into extreme
Tho Italians, on the other hand,
had reaped the fruits of their energy and courage, and had achieved big positive results. Not only
aft they the biggest single party
ln the chamber, but thoy also control about a third of the Italian
municipalities. Their Co-operative
movement Is an Inspiration, and is
extending itself on a scale and by
methods which are truly revolutionary. The agricultural producers' co-operatives are bringing tho
land very rapidly under tho control of their organizations.
Trade unions, on sometlhhg like
the plan'of our own Building Guild,
are getting much of the work of
bridge building, road-making and
tho like Into thoir own hands. The
Seamen's Union, by a characteristic combination of constitutional
methods and direct action, has begun to acquire Its own ships, After a successful strike, the leaders
Induood the men to set aside the
wholo of the first month's Increased pay as a fund to buy ships, Thsy
bid for some of the German vessels, and when difficulties wero
made by competing capitalist Interests the seamen settled the point
by quietly putting their own orews
Thoy now have seven rood ships
of their own (whloh, by the way,
began at once to trade wtth Russia), and month by month they
are accumulating funds for the
purchase of more. Tho union may
be, ln a few years, the biggest shipowner ln Italy.
Italian Reformism
The recent seizure of the factories, after an attempt to lock-out
the men, has led to a compromise
by which, If all goes well, the shop
councils will gain a genuine share
of control with the right to examine
firm's books. It ls only an instalment, of course, but It means
that the men will win, not only
somo power at once, but also the
opportunity of gaining Invaluable
knowledge and experience In management. Such a preparation as
this would have saved Russia from
many mistakes If lt could have
preceded the Revolution there.
In Italy, as nowhere else, "reformist" methods are gaining post-
tlyfe results. They are gradually
building up an Immense Co-operative organization within the capitalist state, much of it on Guild
lines. One may doubt how far lt
can ever hope to attain a complete
transformation. Private ownership of capital la not being abolished. Bought out of one field, lt
moves on with the purchase money
to exploit nnother. Finance retains
Its power through the banks. The
big industries are as yet hardly
None the less, the peasants certainly believe thot they are very
surely attaining without revolution
nil thnt a sharp upheaval could
promise them. There mey be a
big element of illusion in these
hopes, but at any rate, even If revolution be at some stage necessary, lt will come, lf It must come,
without the catastrophic disturbance which overtook the untrained
Spring Modes
OF new Inspirations aro here, they wwiil
tbe great outstanding feature of our
Spring Apparel—superior quality at price* atU
The Easter Season
will give you an opportunity to wear one of
these original modes. Afternoon Frocks are
Attractive Inducements.
Russian proletariat.
There is another reason whloh In
Italy tells'against revolution. Without Imported coal and grain, Italy
would be starving ln two months,
Sho could not survive a blockade
as Russia did, or even, short of a
blockade, the disturbance of oredit
might stop Imports. It ls hard to
see how Italy dare aot alone. If
Russia were rich enough and free
enough to send grain, lf Germany
had simultaneously made hor revolution and could dispose of her
surplus coal, then the big plunge
might bo risked.
Sublime Recklessness
It is possible to make an Impressive defence of Moscow's tactics, as
Trotsky does ln his brilliant roply
to Katusky, which will soon, one
hopes, be available for the English
reader. If It ls war in earnest,
there must be discipline. If the
Third International Is conducting
this unrelenting war, then its executive must have the powers of a
general staff. If one 1b ftally resolved to "make" a revolution, then
it Is not "Intolerance" to exclude
from the party those wiio follow
opposite tactics. A Lenin sees
what Gideon saw, the power of a
resolute few, and he weeds them
out with the same sublime recklessness.
For my own part I watch the
process sceptically, for I do not believe tfiat revolutions are "made/
They happen only when a combination of conditions, chiefly economic, but partly psychological, has
rendered them Ineviable.
When faith ln the ruling class ls
shattered by scandal and disaster,
when acute misery has shaken a
people out of Its inertia, when the
social Instinct of a society confronted with ruin moves it to fundamental ohange in order that It
may survive, when tho greeds and
follies of capitalistic Imperialism
have at last led men to doubt whe-
them production for proflt can any
longer ensure them a modest subsistence—then revolution happens.
No minority, however resolute, can
hasten, but a rash minority may,
by  ill-calculated  action,  delay  It.
Tho real makers of revolution are
tho Allied statesmen who aro driving a oontlnent to despair,
Ono gathers from tho discussion!
in Italy, and especially from Ser*
rati's letter to Lonin, that tho Italian majority has taken Its presont
stand, not on any matter of principle which divides lt from Mooeow,
but rather for tho right to Judge,
out of Its own knowledge, how b
to act tn its own conditions.
Impenetrable Ignorance
Serratl complained of the Impenetrable Ignorance whloh oven
the ablest Russians display ln Judging western politics. Ono may admire their driving forco and their
tremendous achievement, but this
Ignorance seems to me to mako affiliation under the 21 points toe
grave a risk.
Tho danger ls that Moscow mar
repeat the mistake lt has already
made ln Germany and Poland, of
forcing revolution against the botter Judgment of local parties. One
deplofts these sonisms for two roa-
sons. If the minority tries to Justify its reading t.f the position, by
making a premature or unnecessary appeal to force, lt may prepare a long period of reaction.
Even If tt should succeed lt might
think Itself obliged to ensure its
own continued leadership by repressing the Menshevik element.
Unity is worth some sacrifice evon
KV» the smallest of minorities.—t
Dally Herald.
Suggestion Is Made In Speech From
Throne to Houses of Par
liament In London
London.—King Georgo, tn the
speech from tho throno to tho two
houses of parliament, tn formally
opening the session expressed himself favorably disposed toward A
treaty with Soviot Russia saying:
"It Is my hopo negotiations for a
trade agreement with Russia may
also be brought to a successful
Cumberland, Feb, 14, 1920.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Cumberland Unit of the O. B. U. received and discussed at our regular
meeting lost night a letter from the
secretary of the Central Labor
Council of Prince Rupert, re the
unemployed question, and ItB solutions. We are aware that there ls
no real remedy for this condition
under capitalism; we are also
aware that the employers will never
try to remedy lt, for lt Is to their
Interest to have a number of men
laying around the mines and work
shops looking for jobs, for lt is
an opportunity for them to bring
down tho prloo of the only commodity that produoes profits for
them, and It is also a condition that
stops agitation on the Job only by
tho most courageous workors. I
was Instructed to make a publication In the Fed., also to write to
tho premier of the province, and
tho members for Comox and Newcastle, and that If this line of ao-'
tlon Is not suitable for the rest of
the workers, that we will do our
best to rouse the workers of this
district ln any other Intelligent
Wthen You Need-
can supply all your Printing
needi. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Order* Promptly Executed
.Oor. Homer and Pender Street), Vanoouver, B. 0. *RIDAY. .„..:...February 18,1921 •
MHiRTmimr thak. ve. t THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST , vaxcovtsr, bc. l
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Worker^ Department of the One Big Union
Camp Reports
The general referendum ballots
are here, and will be sent out as
quickly as possible. Every member who pretends to have an interest in our organization, should see
that he gets one and uses it to
express his opinion of the way we
are doing things, whether* for or
against. The ballots in camps
should not be marked until each
question has been discussed at a
Question -2 ls the important one.
It really means whether or not we
will pull away from the present O.
B. U., and in my opinion lt should
have been roiid ln such a way as to
clearly show that this is what is
meant. However, keep it in mind
that ln voting yes on this question,
you are voting for Industrial Union-
lam and the light of such a union
to govern Itself and organize according to its needs. The O. B. U.
has denied the Lumber WorkerB
these rights, and says we must deal
with the general executive as districts, and not as an Industry. The
charter ot affiliation with the O.
B. U., which I have seen, reads
Lumber Workers Industrial Union,
and as such we lined up with them.
We worked hard for the O. B. U.,
and earrled the flght into new territory and furnished over 76 pet
eent. of the money to fight the bat'
ties of all workers, not Just our
own, mind you. What did we get
ln return? The general executive
•pent this money, of whloh we furnished the bulk, to disorganize and
buck the only two industrial organizations that wei'e on this continent: The Lumber Workera on
this side of the line, and the I. W.
W. on the other side. Many dollars
were spent In sending men to the
ether side of the line to organize
when right here in our own country, we were not a fraction of one
yet cent organized, outside of the
L. W. I. U.
Then came the general convention at Port Arthur. Outside of
the L. W. I. U. delegates, it was a
hand-picked bunch of friends ot
the officials, and they were there
with the avowed Intention of putting our delegates as representing
the industry, but as merely repre
■entlng the particular district from
which they came. Three of thom
were refused seats, and the rest
were offered seats on such a basis
that they, who represented-the majority of the O. B. U. were hopelessly tn the minority when it came
to a roll call vote. Our delegates
withdrew. No man with any principle could have done differently.
The convention then proceeded to
pass laws abolishing our central
executive, and ln eo doing, taking
all control of our affairs out of our
bands, and putting them into the
hands of a few men who have
gained control ot the preaent O. B.
U. It was also passed that all executive members of the O. B. U.
■hould be eleoted from the floor
ef the eonvention, and not by referendum. That practically puts
tbe present officials ln power as
long as they want to stay. The O.
B. U. was formed on Induatrlal
lines, but they have forgotten all
that, and even gone so far as to
eut out the words "according to industry" from their preamble.
What is left of the O. B. U. is
centred   ln   Wlnnipog   among   a
bunch of craft unionists, who are
masquerading under the name of
0. B. U., and who still keep their
old customs of the A. F. of L. with
business agents, etc., carrying on
their affairs.   In the city of Toron
to, there were two Carpenter units,
eaeh with Its own set of officials,
and both belonging to the O. B.
V.   So there you are, fellow work-
em   It you think we can function
; aa a mass organization, with butchers and bakers trying to handle
i our troubles,  and  we   trying   to
, handle theirs, etc., If you really
. think that we have more in com-
> mon, say, with the teamsters in
Kamloops, than we have with the
, lumberjacks   in   Cranbrook,   then
T»te "No," on question No. 2.   If
you want a real industrial organization, working together clear across
Canada to get better conditions for
the lumberjacks and millmen, then
i tote "Yes."
We haven't lost the principles of
an O. B, U.   It ls up to us to show
what a real industrial union is, and
' what It can do; to pave the way for
[ a real O. B. U. composed ot Industrial unions, which will link up and
| work together when necessary, but
■ whloh will govern themselves according te their needs.   The coal-
mlners ot the O. B. U. have gone
I town to less than SOO members, and
' I believe that they will be thc next
| to follow our example.   It Is only
I a question of time before the rest
of the workers will got sick of A.
, F. ot L. tactics and throw out the
men who have made a bome for
i themselves in the O. B. u.
The remark was made more than
[ once  that  the   migratory  worker
was a detriment to the O. B. U.
Well, we have gone broke carrying
tha  load   for  the   non-migratory
workers, and now we will settle
[ down and spend our money tn organizing ourselves, and surely we
i need to, for there is not a union
eawmlll In British Columbia, and
[ plenty of non-union camps.
The central executive has Issued
I voluntary assessment stamps veined at 25c, 60c and $1. One aet
I for a literature fund, which will be
{ used to start our own paper. An-
I other set Is for an organization
1 fund, which will go to pull us out
of debt and build an emergency
fund. It Is proposed that half ot
the proceeds of sale of organization stamps stay ln the district, and
half go to headquarters. There is
a small card Issued with the stamps
which will flt Inside the folder.
Here Is the chance to show-whether you mean business or not. There
ll not a man who has a Job but
who throwa away a good many
dollars every time he domes to
town. Put thoae dollars Into
stamps. A flght for better conditions takes nfoney, and we surely
have some lighting to do this summer. A stamp card will show
whether you are ln the. flght or not.
There are some on hand now, but
not enough to send out a supply to
delegates. Send ln the money, and
say what kind of stamps you want,
and how many on eaoh card, and
they will be sent to you.
Just a few words on the subject
of scabs. Men who have scabbed
In British Columbia have been
treated too leniently altogether,
particularly thoae who came over
here from the prairiea. ' They
scabbed laat year at Chase, and
thlB year on the North Thompaon,
and got away with it pretty eaay.
They go back to the prairies, both
the scabs and men who didn't scab,
and say that a strike doesn't
amount to anything ln British Columbia; that a man can scab and
nothing happens to him. Naturally, when another winter comes
around, there are all kinds of men
ready to take a chance on coming
to British Columbia, strike er no
atrike. From now on, we should
ahow these men that scabbing is
not a paying proposition. There
are' many waya of doing this.
The Bulletin from Fort Qeorge
saya that there ls nothing in that
district at present, except tie-making, and that even lt will soon be
about finished.
Come on with you. camp reports.
I can't koep up a bulletin unless
the members help by sending ln
some news.
Any one knowing the whereabout! ot F. Couture, who worked
at Dome Creek, Prince Qeorge district, ih 1919, and was laat heard
of in Prince Qeorge ln June, 1119,
please communicate with Drawer
20, Prince George, B. C.
Will Dan MeArthur—or anyone
having information concerning htm
—write Sherman MeArthur, London Hotel, Vancouver? .
New classes will commence In the
offices of the Workmen's Compensation Board on Tuesday, March 1.
Fellow-Worker Frank J. Smith
waa accidentally killed on February 6th, when he was struck by
the limb of a falling tree on Coal
Creek Hill, between Sooke and Jordan Rivera. Fellow-Worker Smith
haa been a member of the Lumber
Workers Union since its Inception,
and formerly acted aa camp delegate.
Any one knowing the prosent
add-ess ot Qeorge H. Carson, who
was employed by tho Northern
Cedar Co., and the Nimpkish Tbr.
Co., please communicate the Information to Coaat District Offlce,
Vancouver, B. C.
Any one knowing the present
address of Geo. Carlson, who waa
Injured laat August while working at Camp 5, Nimpkish Lake
Log Co., please Inform Vancouver
Coast District Offlce.
The following registered letters
will be found ln the Vancouver
offlce: John F. Daniel, E. A. Piatt,
Robert Watts, W. L. Ainger, Bennett K. Leslie, T, Wowezuk.
Trying to Break Down
Brotherhood Unions
of States
Chicago—Denial by the United
States Railway Labor Board of the
railway executives' petition for Immediate abrogation of the national
agreements and a reduction ln
wages for unskilled labor, has scattered the "opon ahop" war agalnat
brotherhoods over a hundred fighting fronts. The two main Issues
at stake, a living wage and collective bargaining will henceforth be
fought out between the Individual
roads and their employees, with
the Labor Board aa referee.
Disappointed ln their* attempt to
use the board aa a battering-ram
to break down unionism, the American Association of Railway Executives, representing 90 per cent, of
the railroad mlleagee in teh coun
try, will meet here Feb. IS to plan
tho next move. Meanwhile, lt Is
plainly understood that the procedure will be to have each oxecutivo summon hts own employees,
Ignoring the brotherhoods, and
propose wage outs. When the cuts
are enforced, the case comes up
before the board.
This process has ln fact already
begun and protests at wage cuts by
several roads aro now before the
board.        •
The Storm-Centre of Reaction
Organized Labor Concen-
tartes on Defense of
Two Workers
Boston—The trial of Nicola
Sacco and Bartholemo Vanzettl,
the active Labor workera accused
of murder, has boen set for Maroh
7 .In the town of Dedham.    *
Judge Webster Thayer, who sentenced Vanzettl to 16 yoars when
tho Labor worker was aooused of
assault with intent to rob, haa boon
appointed to sit at the trial,
Fivo hundrod talesmen aro being marshalled ln preparation for
the selection of tho jury.
Labor of Boston is concentrating
lta forooo for tho dofonce of thoso
two man la what haa boon oalled
tho Moonoy oaso of tho oast Both
are rotated to Balsedo, who was
found doad on the pavement beneath tho department of Jietloe
windows la Park Row latt summer. Thty wore ardent workora
in tho field of Labor.
THB outstanding political faot
In Hungary today Is the Imminent return of tho monarchy. That, at any rato, Is
what the politicians, and the gentlemen of the press who play tho
ohoruB to them, tell you with surprising frankness. Tot it needs no
exceptional skill to discover that
the country has something very
much moro real to worry about
than the exact academic formula
of her constitution. Hungary is,
for all practical purposes, a monarchy at this moment, and not.a
scrupulously ■ constitutional ono
either. Sho needs a king about as
badly as a starving man needs a
bottle of scent
For tho cities of Hungary, with
as rich an .agricultural hinterland
as any In Europe, aro literally
starving. How? Becauso of tho
Peace; because of the Rumanians;
becauso ot tho government, because of the peasants, and for a
number of other reasons. The Rumanians made, lt seems, a vory
thorough Job of lt whon thoy
sacked tho country. They carried
off not merely mlloh-cows and
medicines, hospital blankets and
plumbing fixtures: they helped
themselves to all tho foodstuffs
they could got their hands on, and
as a measure of precaution purely,
they took with them the next
year's seed-grains as well. That Ib
surely ono of the real factors ln the
present pitiful condition of the
peoplo of Budapest and the other
large towns. Another Is the
shortage of ooal and wood, which
makes the moving of foodstuffs an
uncertain undertaking. Much more
serious ta tho circumstance—common to many other countries In
Europe now—that tho city has
nothing to offer in exchange for
food, and the peasant rather than
make a gift of his potatoes and
grain to tho town worker feeds
them to his pigs. The pigs, at any
rate, he can later turn Into pork
which unlike the national paper
money has a value ln the world
market/ Against the peasant, the
existing government of the country
ls not In the beBt position 'to take
drastic measures. It was easy for
Bela Kun to requisition food from
the country, because his support
rested on the city proletariat. The
government of Count Teleki, in so
far ob it depends on parliamentary
alignments at all, derives authority
from a coalition ln which the
agrarians are the dominant factor.
Still, even the present cabinet sees
no choico ahead other than starvation of the town or coercion of
the country, and Premier Teleki Informs me, with a grievous mien,
that requisitioning will have to be
resorted to,— and soon,—come
what may.
The food situation (as well ub
the housing and the fuel situation)
ls enormously and tragically complicated by the multitude, of
refugees that crowd the towna
The refugee Is one of the pathetic
oversights of the Peace. While
some half-measures, I understand,
have been adopted by the arbiters
of Europe's destiny for the repatriation of soldier-prisoners, the
wretched civilian exile has been
loft to be the football of all the
petty satelltes of central and eastern Europe and the buffer for all
their mutual animosities, ancient
and modern. He took up his stick
and his bundle and began walking
ln 1914. He has been the vanguard of all armies of all the wars,
Great and Not-So-Great, over
sinco. Ho swarms In millions,
with his old men and his babies,
his women-folk and his sick, Into
every town and village of Europe
that will admit him. He has swelled
the population of Budapest from
800,000 to nearly 2,000,000 souls.
If he Is a Christian his lot ls pitiable enough, but if he Is a Jew—
and a very large percentage of him,
of course, ls Jewish—lt is unspeakable. For one of tho achieve'
ments of the war to save civilisation has been to make millions of
Jews exiles in the countries of their
birth—I mean, do facto exiles; I
know all about the special rightB
written into the crisp, now constitutions of the brand new republics.
The problem of the refugees Is
fundamentally a political one, Involving as It does the technical
questions of status and allegiance
on the one hand, and the elemen
tary human right of freedom of
movement and residence on the
other. It is a European problem,
and will eventually havo to be
taken hold of and solved by Europe
co-operatively. What aggravates
It, In tho meantime, In this country
ls the political cast of the existing
regime, whloh ls really less a government than a punitive expedition. The spirit of vengeance tokos
Itself out on "Bolsheviks"—which
means labor organizations and
their leaders, non-Magyar refugees, particularly Jewish ones,
Jews generally, and aU those who
are incautious enough to fail into
the comprehensive classification or
"the economically dangerous to the
It is nearly a fortnight now
since I havo seen some two hundred of these assorted victims ln
the Sohubhaus (police lock-up),
and the memory of Its frightfulness Is aa fresh and tormenting as
on the day of my visit It was a
bitter oold morning, but the gray
stone Jail was unhoatod. The uniformed official who was my guide
explained that thoro waa a fuel
shortage In the city. I looked
about for bods. Several Iron cots
bare of all covering woro stacked
up in tho middle of tho space. My
informant, anticipating a question,
volunteered tho already well-
known faot that tho Rumanians
had sacked Budapest the year before aad had carried off everything. But who wort thost people,
and why wtrt thty hero? Wtll,
thoy wtrt alien rtfugses. Thty
did not btlong hero. Hungary had
enough te do to fttd her own
poor. Tht government had warned
thtm that thoy muat leave the
oountry. Thty had not hooded
tht waning, and thty wtrt mtrtly
boing detained on their way to Internment camps or to deportation.
A little girt of seven or tight with a
Uny baby In her arms was studying mt eartoasly. X askod hor a
question hi German, then I made
• startling dlsoovery,   •ttenty-avo
per oent of tho prisoners spoke no
other language than Hungarian.
The so-called alien refugees wero
Jewish peasant folk from tho lost
provinces of Hungary. Tho majority of thom had fled Into Budapest whon the Russians invaded
Hungary In tht oarly daya of tht
war; some of them had been living
hero for twenty years. They had
fled for shelter to tho capital of
their own country ln 1914; in 1120
the treaty of peace by a stroke of
the pen had converted them Into
Czechoslovaks, Jugoslavs and Rumanians; and now the government
of the only oountry they have ever
known sends gendarmes ln the
grim hours between midnight and
dawn to drag them from their
bods Uke common criminals to the
Sooner or later tht decent
opinion of mankind will have to
bestir Itsolf about a situation like
this whloh rtducos human beings
to tht level of stray oats and doga
In Justice to Hungary lt should be
said that what I have Just described Is not a peculiarly Hungarian condition. It ls ono of the
symptoms of the disease whioh is
eating at the vitals of European society. Philanthropy will not cure
suoh a malady, Tet without the
palliative charity (unhappily Inadequate) of tho Jewish relief societies of America the life of these
unfortunates would be intolerable
and of very short duration.
The status of the Jews in Hungary Ib one of the symptoms of
the political and economic maladjustment of tho country. I believe indeed that the status of
minorities ln general and the Jews
In particular ln any country ls as
accurate a gauge of Its forward-
going dovelopment as can be found.
That la why I have paused so long
on the subjoct In a general political article. The heartening promise for the futuro of Hungary is
that anti-semltism has no roots
whatever In the mentality of the
masses, any more, X am fairly convinced, than monarchy has. Both
are confined to small cliques of
aristocrats and business men with
an axe to grind, who leave the dirty
work to as degenerate-looking a
lot of officers as could be . collected ln Europe.
Interested parties ln Budapest,
in speaking of the certain restoration of the monarchy, invite your
attention to the faet that there are
no republicans about. I believe
they are right. But when they go
on to tell you that, with the exception of the Socialists ("whom
tho Bolshevist adventure has discredited forever") all the political
parties are monarchist, I am sure
they are wrong. Hungary will
doubtless have her king, maybe
ere this article Is ln print But tt
will not bo because of the ardent
wishes of the populace. The populace wants bread and fuel and
houses, and, above all things,
peace. That Is the great tragedy
of the defeated countries of central-Europe, as well as of some
that escaped listing as defeated,
that the masses of the people have
become politically Indifferent. And
it is this political tndlffereptlsm
that I define as reaction. They
will accept royalty, or bourgeois
democracy, or Bolshevism—anything, so long as lt comes without
uproar. Perhaps, after all, they
will prefer monarchy, Bince that ls
the least likely to Incur the displeasure of the republican west.
Behind tho monarchlal mummery there Is a lively Schauaplel
playing, which has real plot and
movement and more than a dash
of the good old technique. The
other day I was talking to Count
Appony! and I hapnr.ned casually
to aak htm who were the claimants to the throne. He straightened
up rather dramatically and said:
"The crowned king of Hungary
lives. The throno has never been,
vacant." Well, that was impressive. Sentimental, perhaps,
but grand. A little later, by way
of Illustrating the absurdity of the
Peace of Trianon, the Count told
me this: "My own estate ia now
ln what is called Czechoslovakia.
The government there does not allow me to go and see lt. Neither
do they allow my caretaker to
oome and see mo here. I must
meet him In Vienna when I want
news of the place," The two observations, coming thus within i
fow moments of one another, have
a symbolic affinity to each other,
though I am quite certain Count
Apponyl never thought of it
The restoration of the monarchy,
to the unsentimental, doss not
mean the return of the king mere
ly. It means the reconstltutlon of
the empire,—wtth this one difference, however, that from now on
Hungary is to be the principal
Btate and Budapest the imperial
capital. To be sure, this la only
one of a doaen schemes, one wilder
than the other, thnt nre whispered
and laughed at and taken seriously, In a country whose politicians
are really concerned with nothing
else than the liberation of the lost
provinces. But this is by far the
grandest and the most plausible of
them all. With Austria now gone
white, with Czechoslovakia ln constant turmoil, with Rumania corrupt and inefficient, the plan Is
really promising. Besides, the
present arrangements really are
economically Impossible. Finally
and chiefly, France ls said to be
not unfriendly. No one makes a
secret of the opinion that the Disarmament Commission which arrived last week wtll disarm nobody,—not If tho French prevail.
Tht final battle with Bolshevism
will bo needed to savo Poland and
demooraoy, Hungary ls moro than
willing. Bhe Is the only oountry
that lo willing. She was ready to
step ln, as ls well known, last summer, whea much to her disgust tho
Poles extricated themselves unaided. But In order to hslp oho
must have power and resources
and moral enoouragement A Roland for an Oliver.
In the meantime light Is breaking within tho country- In spite of
the continuing censorship of the
pross and the malls, In spite of the
continued reign of Horthy*§ blaok
dotaohments, la spite of th* timidity of liberal, and radicals, I believo the powor of tho torror It
TU otoeets an sal tr id
Dr»wn ay Bjrui V. «lk«r lor Th. Maw York 0.11 anl Th. Ftd.nt.d PlMf.
Education and Art in Russia
(By H. N. Brallsford ln the London Nation)
T^HE   LONG   Russian   summer
i holiday was over before I left
■ and I saw three big schools at
work, lh and near Petrograd. All
were suffering from the lack of materials, especially paper, steel
pens, pencils and school books. But
the" skill and enthusiasm of the
teachers went faT to supply tho
lack. In one of the three, the head-
matter, whose chief Interest was
natural science, had got together
a most creditable physical laboratory, and nearly all the apparatus
had been recently made by the elder pupils themselves. The libraries, chiefly of Russian classics,
were In great request, and ln the
evenings the older pupils conduoted
a sort of literary salon, Ono of
these three schools had a rather
ambitious theatre, and occasionally the children performed plays of
thetr own composition, usually dealing with some historical subject
Another had a thriving band, which
played for me really very well,
with a lad of fourteen as conductor. I heard some German lessons
given, and the teachers had managed, almost without books, to
make wonderful progress. Hardly
a word of Russian was used ln tho
foreign language lessons, and In
one of these schools some of the
elder children, obviously rather
proud of their proficiency, started
conversing with me ln Gei'man as
t walked about the corridors. For
the elder pupils there were lessons
In political economy and phycho-
logy, as well as history, literature
and science. The strain on the
teachers must have been terrific,
and only the best of them could
succeed. I am Inclined to think
that the schools I saw must have
been above the average, for some
of the older teachers whom I mot
at Vladimir were near despair.
'How can I teach Bngllsh without
English books," said one lady to me,
almost ln tears, and Bhe fell to cursing our blockade. It can be dono,
but lt requires exceptional talent
and resolution, as do all the new
methods Introduced by Lunatchar-
sky. Thus I found the elder pupils In some schools learning arithmetic by working over the actual
statistics, percentages and costings
of a particular factory. That wants
a better and kener teacher than the
old book "examples."
Teems with Experiments
The new Russia teems with experiments and innovations lp education, but I have space only for
bare enumeration. There are, for
example, preparatory colleges at'
taohed to the universities, in which
talented workmen (the word, as
always in Russia, Includes both
sexe.0, nominated by their trade
Urtlons, may go through a year's
preliminary course t0 fit them for
their higher studies. More novel
and even more characteristic ls the
Institution known as the "Prote-
cult" which exists ln Moscow, Petrograd and aome other big towns.
It aims at developing the artistic
and literary gifts of young workmen who havo lacked opportunities. Lastly, lt should be mentioned that the department Ib working
with real enthusiasm for physical
culture, hitherto much neglected ln
Russia.   I saw some good gymnas-
nlght than they were a week ago,
and the censor talks apologetically
and calls himself by new names.
What has been needed for tho past
year Is that one courageous man
should speak out. Last Thursday
week Deputy Ruppert supplied that
need. In a historic speech In parliament, whloh he well know might
ooot him his life, he boldly reviewed the career of the dictatorship, and ln the name of the nation demanded an ond to existing
abuses. The newspapers carried
his utterances ln full. The oountry experienced a thrill. It was
but a beginning. Perhaps othors
will follow.
The New Republic.
Badapest, Hungary,   ,
tic displays organized by the "Communist youth," and wondered whe.
ther prejudices would soften in England If lt were realized that the
Red Army Is proud of Its football
teams. All this, let me remind the
reader, has been done by a government fighting for Its life, amid war,
civil war and semi-starvation.
Much That Is New
How muoh that is new has actually bsen achieved In the provinces
I tested carefully at Vladimir. The
number of elementary schools in
the provinoe had risen since the revolution from 1798 to 1910; that of
"middle" schools from 60 to to 62.
The number of scholars In the two
together had risen from 110,500 to
175,800. Thore are In the province
317,000 children of school age. The
director of education apologized for
these figures, relatively encouraging ns they are. It Is useless, as
he said, If lt were possible, to build
new schools until one can equip
them. He had exactly twelve boxes
of steel pens for the neods of the
whole province. To create a new
school Is, as he put lt, "an heroic
aot, as difficult as taking a town."
In addition to the ordinary schools,
140 kindergartens havo been opened, of which one only existed before the revolution. Of these really
charming Institutions I saw several,
and thought them most successful.
Everything was scrupulously clean
and the children were genuine Russians In the zest with which they
sang long dramatic ballads. A
dally meal was provided for all
but the village schools. There was,
moreover, special provision and
extra diet for ailing children, in
eluding a big dining-room and playroom for convalescents, and a day
school and nursery for children
threatened with tuberculosis. The
Communists are justly proud of
their whole organization for the
"protection" of children—a con>
oeptlon which Includes moral wel
fare, education and recreation, as
well as. the provision of food and
hygiene. Sevoral playing fields for
tho children had been opened ln
Vladimir, and there waa also a so-
called children's "club," ln which I
saw them doing carpentering,
painting and theatricals, voluntarily, but with Bome help from teachers, out of Bchool hours. All this,
needless to say, Is not only new, but
unprecedented ln Russia.
Culture and Art
The Department of Education is
also concerned with the general interests of culture and art, and mln
lsters to adults as welt as to children. Tho director thought that not
more thnn 26 per cent, of the adult
population is still Illiterate in Vladimir Province. In one smnll industrial town alono, Murom, I..1.11
illiterate adults took lessons and
passed tho examination last win
ter. ttefore the revolution, In this
provinco, 20 tea shops with rending rooms managed by a temperance socioty, 60 libraries opened
by the Zemstrov, with two theatres
and ten klnematographs, exhausted the opportunities for popular
education and diversion. There arc
now under the Soviet, 68 people's
olubs, 177 libraries, 141 village
reading rooms, 884 organized lecture courses or schools for adults,
980 "culture circles" (which read
and dlscuBS standard books), 119
42 amateur choirs and bands. There
theatres, 89 klnematographs, and
are also eleven music schools, ten
art schools and six museums, where
there were one, three and ono respectively. Tho reader must not Interpret these words by western
standards. A reading-room 1s usually a peasant hut adapted for thc
purpose; a library may be a room
With bookshelves In a mill; a theatre is usually a woodon shed with
benches and a stage, but ls sometimes oleyerly decorated. These
cheap and simple expedients serve
their purpose. For ths theatre tho
Russian workmen havo developed
a passion, and lt Is by far the most
popular medium for tho transmission of ideas.
It may bs  honestly  claimed,  I
think, for the Soviet administra
tion that it has a bettor record In
Its relations to art and culture generally, than any other government
In the civilized world. Artists, musicians, dancers, authors, actors,
professors and scientists, do not
suffer, save mentally, from the
class-feud, and all of them who
have any recognizable qualification
receive rations and salaries. Literature, scholarship and science, none
tho less, have Buffered terribly for
tho paper shortage Is so acute that
very few books can be published.
The painters, who used to work for
private patrons, are depressed and
Indolent for lack of the accustomed encouragement, for there Is no
one to buy.
The theatre and music, on the
.other hand, flourish exceedingly.
Here the native Russian genius Is
most at home, and the emancipated proletariat ls Insatiable in Its
demand]}. There Is lavish provision for every taate. Companies
of trained state artists entertain
tho school children. Thero are
propagandist "revolutionary satires," in rough, popular verse. In
the towns there are ln the summer
dally open-air operas and fcleys.
In Minsk I used to count three such
entertainments going on simultaneously. Vladimir had a male choir
(quite new) which sang tho most
elaborate music so well that lt
might have given concerts with
success ln London or Paris. The
opera ln Moscow and Petrograd retains its ancient glory, and there
has been no decline In Its stand'
ards, though three-fourths of the
seats are allotted at cheap rates to
the trade unions. You may In Moscow enjoy the unique experience of
listening to chamber-music played
by the greatest executants In Russia on a quartette of Stradlvarlus
Instruments. The Revolution had
brought them out of their long silence In tho glass cases of rich collectors, "socialized" them, and gave
them to the enjoyment of the
world. Nor does the theatre stand
still, All manner of new experiments are In fashion. I visited one
little salon theatre, packed with Intellectuals, in which a comedy of
tmprovlzatlon was given. The actors Invented, or at least professed
to Invent, the dialogue as they went
What struck me moat was the
universal popularity of music and
tho theatre. Every club and trade
union centre has lta own entertain
ments, sometimes musical, some
times theatrical. Walking up the
Tverskala In Moscow one warm
Sunday ovening, when windows and
doors were open, I seemed to hear
music everywhere. Now lt was a
brilliant performance of a Chopin
Nocturne. A Httlo further on I recognized a familiar theme from
ono of the later Beethoven quartettes. Next, a choir wos singing
some unknown Russian chorus, and
aoross the way 1 watched the crowd
streaming into a play of Andreef's
ln a trade union union club. Sitting one ovenlnR nt an excellent
concert in tho former Noble's Hall
at Vladimir, a working man turned
to me nnd snid, In his picturesque
way: "We used to live ln the scullery and the drawing-room door
was shut. We nevor knew what
was behind lt. The Revolution
broke the door, end now alt this
glory ls ours." That ls ono reason
why starving Russia endures ln
Was  Sentenced  to One Yoar  for
Violating ft Suite Sedition
Law iu 1917
Minneapolis—Nonpartisan League
farmers with a brass band escorted
Joseph Gilbert of St. Paul to tho
Ooodhue county jail in Redwing
recently where he began a year's
sentence for violation of tho State
sedition law. Gilbert, who was
formerly an employoe of the National Nonpartisan League, wns
convicted of declaring bofore an
audience In Konyon, Minn., In 1917,
that lf wealth wore conscripted on
the snmo basis as young men the
war would not last 24 hours. The
State sedition law has been held
constitutional by the United States
supremo court, '
Ironmaster Touches IT. S.
Treasury for Quarter  -
of Million
(By the Federated Press)
Washington — Coincident with
the conviction of Brindell, who
was found guilty of extorting bribe*
from building contractors In New
York, comes the apology of tho
House committee, headed by Representative Joseph Walsh of Massa-
chusetts to Charles M. Schwab for
having questioned his honesty and
high sense of honor.
Schwab, according to testimony
by Perley Morse, a leading New
York expert accountant, got $269,-
000 for "personal expenses" charged against the United States Ship
Board. Schwab claimed It was
charged to the proflt and loss account of his own Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation. When asked why he had secretly met Perley
Moore and begged him, In vain, to
change his testimony that Schwab
had touched the treasury for that
$269,000, Schwab broke down and
wept. Whereupon the House committee hastened to report that he
was whiter than the driven snow.
"Labor," organ of the 16 railroad labor organisations, editorially disccusses this remarkable action of tho House committee.
"The committee/* It says, "seeks
to justify Its conduct by declaring
that 'Mr. Schwab's long and honorable business career and his devotion to the government entitle
him to this mark of respect'
"That raises an Interesting question of fact, and Justifies the following citation from history:
"Mr. Schwab's 'devotion to the
government' is described at length
ln a certain musty document stored
away In the archives of congress
styled 'Violation of Armor Plato
Contracts,' and is known as House
Report 468, Fifty-third Congress,
second session.
'The report followed an Investigation ln 1894 by the House committee on naval affairs against Carnegie, Phlpps & Co., later the Carnegie Steel Co., and now the principal constituent of tho United
States Steel Corporation.
"The evidence of fraud upon the
government by tho Carnegie company was largo and convincing.
The testimony showed that armor
plates containing 'blow holes' wert
palmed off on the government and
later used on battleships of the
American navy, and that theso
cavities were secretly plugged and
kept 'concealed' from the government Inspectors.
"Mr. Schwab was then general
superintendent of the Carnegie
oompany, and also a substantial
stockholder. When questioned
concerning the plugging of the
blow holes, he confessed that he
had ordered that plates containing
blow holes should not be rejected."
The editor then quotes the testimony of William E. Coroy, now
head of Mldvale Steel, who was
then In charge of the armor plant
Corey swore that Schwab "knew In
a general way," at the time, that
Corey was doing this Job of concealing the cavities In tho armor
The House Investigating committee, in this old report, doclared
to congress that the "fraud had
been traced to their general super-
Indent, himself a stockholder in
the company."   That was Schwab.
Then, as Labor tells Its readers
among the railroad workers, tho
report of that early House committee said: "If the criminality of
a wrongful act Is to be measured
by the deliberation with which lt
Is committed, the magnitude of the
evils likely to result from its perpetration, and the want of provocation with which lt Is done, the
frauds which your committeo has
found are worthy to be called
President Cleveland assessed
$140,000 damages agalrist the Carnegie company and the company
paid lt Into the treasury.
"That," concludes the railroaders' editor, "was twenty-seven
years ago—the half-way point in
Mr. Schwab's 'long and honorable
business career.' Not only havo
these 'mnnifold frauds and crimes'
been forgotten—frauds and crimes
that sacrificed the dearest Interests of the nation — but Mr.
Schwab at a later day was made
custodian and arbiter of the 'dear-
est interests of the nation*,"
Trying to Stamp Out the
Superior, Wis. — A cablegram
from the Stockholm correspondent
of the Finnish Dally Tyomtes hero
states that tho White government
of Finland ls persecuting the Socialist Labor Party of that country.
All party newspapers have been
subjected to court proceedings, the
character of which the cable does
not say.
By granting an amnesty to only
470 of tho 1600 political prisoners,
thc Finnish government has broken the peace agreement made between Finland and the Soviet government, the cable states.
In spite of many efforts to wipo
tho Socialist Labor Party of Finland out of existence, tt has continued to have the support of all
tho laboring masses,
London—Trade union membership has Increased from 4,170,000
In 1913 to 8,024,000 In 1919. Male
membership has Increased from 8,-
735,000 m ii,69R,000, and female
membership hns Increasod from
438,000 to 1,329,000. *AGE POUR
'.HrRTBBNTH TEAR.    No. t
..February 11, HIT
Published every Friday morning by Th* B. 0.
,    FoderatlonlBt. Limited
'A. 8. WELLS..
Offlcoi   Room 1, Victoria. Blook, 341 Pender
Street Weat        .
4 Telephone Seymour S871
Subseribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
18.00 per year; Canada, $2.60 per year, 11.SO
tor six months; to Unions subscribing ln a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of the World
..February 18, 1921
WE desire to call our readers' attention to an appeal for financial assistance that appears in this issue. Ws
bave no apologies for making this appeal, and can only ask our readers to
compare the Federationist
THE BASIS with other papers that
OF OUR are published in this coun-
APPEAL        try in the name of labor
and we feel that the appeal will not be in vain.
"\     * * •
The function of the working class
press in this day and age is educational.
At no timo in the history of the working-class has this work been more necessary. Never was it so essential that the
truth, the whole truth, and nothing but
the truth, should be published about th*
position of the working-class. It is
through the recognition of these facts
that we are today faced with an antagonism both from the employing olass and
reactionary labor men.
With the world in the making and the
birth pangs of a new order already being felt by the body politic, it would be
worse than cowardly if we did not face
the facts as they really are and not as
some peeple imagine they would Uke
them. Recognizing the elass struggle and
the basis for it, we have consistently
espoused the revolutionary members of
the working class of all countries. The
policy of the paper is avowedly Socialistic, based on the Marxian theory of
value, the materialistic interpretation of
history, and the class struggle. This has,
as already stated, aroused those antagonisms that mnst inevitably arise out of
the class struggle. If the financial position of the paper were all that is worthy
of consideration, then the matter would
be easy. A change in polioy oould be
easily effected and the money would be
forthcoming from those whost interests
are not identical with thost of the
working class. But th* mission of
the Federationist is not to make
money. It is to arouse the workers
to a realisation of the position they hold
in society so that when capitalism collapses they will be prepared to take control of the situation and carry on in tho
Interests of that section of the community that has made progress and advancement possible. Sooner than allow the employing class to dictate the polioy of the
paper we will close up. The onus rests
on the members of the working class.
We are, however, not yet dead, although
there are many who wish we wore, but
wo are taking time by the forelock and
passing the responsibility to where it
belongs, and in the event of the work we
are carrying on being curtailed it wiU
only be because of tho apathy and indifference of thoso in whose interests the
paper is published. While awaiting the
verdiot of the rank and file we shall
carry on the work that we have undertaken without flinching or in any way
backing up from the position that we
have assumed in the past. Thc present
. service will be maintained and with assistance we will be able in the future to
do even greater work than we have in
the past
IN this issue will be found two articles
dealing with secret servioe agents
and their "activities. One deals with the
spy and his work in the United States,
and the other with an individual operating in the city of
GOVERNMENTS Vancouver. Whether
AND STOOL the local product is
PIGEONS operating  under the
direction of a private,
or government agency, is impossible to
prove unless we could have access to the
pay roll of the government department
that has charge of secret service agents.
In any case the methods of stool pigeons,
secret service agents, or agents provocateurs, engaged in connection with
working-class organizations, to say the
least, are crude, and of such a naturo
as to show the mental condition of those
who employ them.
-   »        *        *
Assuming that tbe government has instituted the secret service espionage of
the labor movement, and there is no
doubt that this haa been done, as the
Winnipeg trials and other instances will
prove without the shadow of a doubt
then it is just as well to examine th*
mental state of- the members of the government and realize just what they think,
and fear.
*        *        *
In *vcry capitalistic country in th*
world, th* Sooialist movement is growing. It has taken on such proportions
that there is not a capitalist government
that has any feeling of security. They
do not understand the basis of the movement wliich they fear and consequently
they have become like a child that is
afraid of tho dark; jjanic striken, hysterical and oonsgiumttly very liable to
do th* very thiugs that weaken th*lr
power and undermine their position.
so s. to
Repression and persecution hav* always brought opposite results than thos*
oxpected. As an illustration, the efforts
of the Allied countries to defeat the Soviet regime in Russia has had the effect of
hrineinff to the attention of the workers
of the world th* meaning of th* Bolsheviki movement and Its relation to th*
working-class movement of the world. Instead of bringing the Soviet regime to
an end, the antics of the ruling class
have spread Bolsheviki propaganda
throughout the world and increased the
desire of the workers for an understanding of just what has, and is, taking place
in Russia. The suppressing of publications and works dealing with Socialism
has only advertised them and made the
domand greater. Thus do ruling classes
defeat their own objects by their lack of
understanding aid panic-stricken activities.
* * *
The Socialist movement is based on an
understanding of thc basis of modern
and past forms of society. It is not
founded on "beliefs" but on scientific
truths that cannot be successfully refuted. Therefore, the workers have nothing
to hide in their activities. The stool pigeon cannot secure any real evidence that
cannot be secured by any ordinary citizen seeking information. The agent provocateur can only secure such evidenoe
against prominent workers as he manufactures. It may bc perfectly true that
he may be responsible for inducing som*
simple worker to do something that will
ba of value to him in keeping his job,
and giving the anthorities another spasm
of hysterical fear, but such actions do
not prove anything and only bring to
light much more vividly the elass antagonisms that the system itself creatoj.
* * »
The government that resorts to the
'Stool pigeon and agent provocateur is
condemned by so doing. It is on admission that its position is insecure. It is a
confession that it can only retain its
power by repressive and forceful methods. It may for the time being inspire
a certain amount of fear in the minds of
those whom it governs, but these measures will never Btop thc wheels of progress. Lloyd George, writing in "The Future" in the year 1919, made the following statement:
The old world must, and will,
come to an end. No effort oan shor*
it up much longer. If there be any
who feel inclined to maintain it, let
them beware lest it fall upon them
and overwhelm them and their
households in ruins.
* »        *
Those who use the methods of czarist
Russia, when the agent propocateur was
supreme, are only hastening the day
when the rising proletariat will overwhelm them and their infamous institutions. Anyone who has had anything to
do with a stool pigeon will have experienced the feeling that comes over a person who has bcen close to some loathsome disease, the necessity for fumigating process will be uppermost in the
mind of those who have come in contact
with this type of vermin, and thoss who
employ them are no cleaner and thcir
actions place them in the oategory of
the unclean things that cumber tho earth.
By thcir deeds shall ye know them, and
capitalistic morals are as clean as the
methods that the ruling class use would
indicate. Capitalism has bred many vile
things, but the most vile is a ruling class
that descends to the employment of its
reflection, the stool pigeon.
In the words of Maximilian Cohen in
his "Rubaiyat of a Proletarian":
"Why!   If the soul could fling its Mask
And show the filthy, stinking Thing in-
How many of our plutocratic Rich
Would shrinking, run, their Nakedness
to hide?"
MANY people have wondered why
the mounted police were brought
into the cities. In a very short time they
will realize to the full just what they are
intended for.   During the past week, an
article    by    T.    M.
THE WHY Fraser  appeared   in
AND the Vancouver Daily
WHEREFORE     Province.   This article
at least gives an inkling as to what we may expect in the
future. It will be remembered that some
timo ago in Thorold, Ont, a man was
accused of murdering a child, and attempts were made to lynch hira. He was
later found not guilty; Tlie writer of the
article in question suggests that the same
crowd that burned thc courthouse and attempted to lynch thc accused, aro pronounced Bolsheviki in ideas. This on the
face of it is a deliberate attompt to saddle
anarchist tendencies on men who, if not
Socialists, at least lean to that philosophy., This, however, is only another
example of the "propaganda" that is
being carried on in this country against
labor, and particularly that section of the
working class that has an understanding
of just what anarchy means, and that
would never be guilty of even lynching
a member of the class that oppresses the
workers, The members of the working
class who ar* "Bolsheviki" in their ideas
realize that it is not men but the system
that produces their miseries.
» « •
It appears that ther* Is a strike in
Thorold, and one that is engaged in as
resistano* to a eut in wages. The writer
of the article, who la supposed to be ia
close touch with ths Dominion Government, attributes this strlk* to th* same
"unruly eloment," as he puts it, referring
to the "Bolsheviki" or active section of
the working class. He then goes on to
"Not only In Ontario, but in othor
parts of Canada, the mounted polio*
have had to bo active in watching th*
'spread of this propaganda, several
agitators laving boen deported recently. Recognizing the probable
trend of wages downward, and ia
viow of th* apparent tendency to
flght this, even by means whioh
would be in defiance of the law, th*
value of retaining mobile and effea-
tivo bodios of mounted polio* hsr*
ready at a moment's notice to ha
thrown into aav field  wh*r* M la
necessary to assist th* looal authorities ia maintaining order in case ol
industrial or other disturbances, it
* * *
If that passage does not demonstrate
the idea of th* government In stationing
the mounted police in the cities, then w*
are unable to understand tbe psyohology
There is, however, a fly in th* ointment
If the mounted police could provide employment for the unemployed throughout
the country then their efforts might have
some results. But they cannot, and
neither can thc govornment. Consequently the workers will be compelled to move
to resist encroachments on the standard
of living, and to secure the necessities of
life. The mounted police may be brought
into play, but for every man they arrest
or club, deport, or in any way oppress,
there will spring up ten men who will by
their very acts realize the function of the
modern state, whioh is to keep slaveB in
subjection. Brailsford has said, "The
allied statesmen are driving a continent
to despair." It would appear as if the
Dominion Government intends to drive
the workers of this country to Socialism.
Well, we can see no reason to kick at
this; an active unconscious ally ia better
than an indifferent supporter. And if
Socialist propaganda will not mak* the
workers think, a policemen's olub may.
And tho government evidently intends
the club shall be used.  We should worry.
The Rev. G. 0. Fallis is reported to
have said, during an address or sermon
on disarmament, that physical foroe was
justified when backed by the spirit of redemption, and doubted whether th* war
had any permanent effect on the mind of
Germany. We may not understand just
what is meant by the spirit of redemption,
but in view of the fact that the workers
of Russia had the spirit of redemption
from wage slavery with them in tlieir
attempt to set up a workers' republic,
will tho reverend gentleman please tell us
if he considers that the allies were justified in using physical force against the
Soviet regime, and if not, how it is that
he has not denounced their actions. We
would like to ask another question:
Should the workers of any country have
to use force to throw off their oppressors;
would they be considered to be backed by
the spirit of redemption, or is it only the
ruling classes that can obtain this
spirit. We would like also to point out
that if the war did not leav* any permanent impression on the mind of Germany, it sure has left an awful dent on
the brains of the wage slaves of, every
country, but then they don't have any
country and consequently Germany's
mind cannot bc affected, even though the
wage slaves of that land may havei.learnt
that war is none of their business.
Th* administration of law, order and
justice is supposed to be of the most impartial nature. The laws governing
vagrancy, however, are peculiar things.
It is unlawful to be without the means of
life, even though it is impossible to obtain them, and should you be caught in
that unfortunate position when you are
out of work and have no visible means
of subsistence, then the presiding magistrate before whom you will be dragged
will unhesitatingly send you down. Eric
Hollis was a returned soldier. To all
appearances he wa3 without the means
of subsistence, and he appeared before a
local dispenser of justice. He got three
months, although it was afterwards
learned that he did have means, but evidently the facts were not ascertained before h* was sentenced, for not having
them. Hollis is, however, no more. He
preferred death to the brand of democracy that is handed out to workers
without work. He leaped from his cell
window and ended his misery. The law,
however, has wiped the stains from
Hollis, and the courts have quashed the
conviction, and the impeachment of
Magistrate Sojith is demanded. We would
go further than that and impeach the
system that makes such things possible.
Wc would end the form of society that
places such concepts of justice in the
minds of men, and starves the workers in
a land of plenty.
Judging from the tone of the British
press, Great Britain is nearer much serious trouble than we are acquainted with
by the local press. British employers are
taking tho position that unless wages
como down that it will be impossible to
compete with Japan, Belgium and Germany. The London Daily Herald points
out that the destitution of tho German
workers is to become the standard of living for the industrial workers . of j ;the
British Isles.   Now who won the war|}.
While hungry workers are clamdring
for relief, the annual farce is' 'being
enacted at Victoria. Onc member;,WJ t$e
House at least understands the situation.
He pointed out that there was no identity
of interests between capital and labor: If
the workers only watch th* antics of the
politicians they would also get n*xt to
this faot.
Three Labor MemberB
Open Up on the B. G.
Govt Progarmme
(Continued from page 1)
Th* Vancouver Sun says ther* "I* too
much Mary Ellen. It is quit* evident
that that lady knows what she wants and
will most likely show that sh* knows
how to get it. In th* meantime what
does the Sun want! Something, evidently, by its attitude to th* government
Mayor Gal* does not like the unemployed to be told th* truth aa to their
position. His wishes, however, do not
cut muoh ioe, unemployment itself will
teach them the things he does not with
them to know.
When th* workers mils* that the
present system oan only exist on their
slave labor, then their emancipation will
be in sight
Wag* slavery was not always in vogue,
and thos* who think that it will continue
for all time should read and study history.
eminently a workere' home district,
was seriously affeoted by the laying
ofl of men ln the city, thua placing a heavy oharge upon the municipality. Ho hoped the government
would give further favorable consideration toward! relieving the
condition of the unemployed ln hla
riding. He regretted too, that in
the Speeoh there had been no reference to early restoration of the
franchise to the people of South
Vancouver. He concluded with the
hope that the session would result
in some legislation ot genuine
benefit to those who toil in the
effort to build up a new order
wherein every worker, whether of
hand or brain, who is willing t to
work, ahall be given opportunity to
engage In useful and constructive
oooupatlon, and only the voluntarily idle Bhall sutler.
The question ot unemployment
wae the moit Important and pressing of all, deolared Thomas Uphill,
who referred to the fact that the
Houae had already been told of the
great progresa made ln British
Columbia In the paat fifty years,
but what did that avail to the man
who wa» only able to get two or
three days work in the week. There
waa little use talking to them of
progress. Some people suggested
that tha workere should provide
for a rainy day. He knew cases
of men wtlh families who, even
with the higher wages whloh had
been paid, were worse off now than
ln pre-war days because of the Increased cost of living. The fact
was that if some of those individuals who were wont to give advice to the workera had experienced similar conditions they
would have thought lt had been
raining every day of the week and
twice on Sundays.
Uphill recalled how during the
war workere were termed heroee,
but now they were suffering. He
held that so long ae the principle
of production for proflt rather than
for use was pursued, bo long would
the periodical period! of unemployment be experienced. It was possible to understand why millions
were, starving in China, but why
here ln Canada, with granaries
overflowing, there should be want
and suffering, it was impossible to
explain except on the basis that
the oconomic system was wrong.
It wae time, he sold, that the House
should hurry along some legislation to meet the unemployment
In thie connection Uphill be-.
lieved there wae one thing the
House could do. While immigration was a matter for the Federal
authorities, yet the Provlnolal Legislature could forward a strong request demanding that temporary
restrictions be placed upon Immigration until such time a! those
newcomers already in the country
had been properly absorbed.
While approving tho proposal for
greater safety measures for the
coal minere, Mr. Uphill regretted
that no mention was made ln the
Speech of amendment! to the
Workmen's Compensation Act. It
had been the boaat that Britlah
Columbia leads the Dominion ln
the matter* of lte workmen's compensation leglslaUon, but Buch waa
not the case. Ontario and Manitoba are now ahead. Under their
legislation an injured man received
66 2-8 per cent of hie average
weekly earnings, while British Columbia gives but 65 per cent. The
Ontario aot also gave a widow a
lump sum of $100 on the death of
her breadwinner. The three day!
wotting period called for by the
British Columbia act might well be
do-ie away with, Mr. Uphill suggested. He agreed that Mother!'
Per-slons was "a nice piece of legislation," but could be improved
upon. Now a mother must hove a
child under sixteen years of age
before she could secure a pension.
Vet there were many mothers with
no chlldrn over that ago limit who
wcro in dire need and entitled to
Fellow Worker! (?)
Mr. Guthrie prefaced hli short
address by remarking that lt was
his flrst appearance in a legislative
assembly and If he should address
the members as "fellow workere"
he hoped he would be excused, for
he would not mean it He had
been referred to by a previoui
speaker (Major Burde) as a Bolshevist and a Jail-bird but he
could assure the House he carried
no bomb In hli pocket.
The cnpitallBt press, he averred,
had been aayln* "vile things"
about Russia where, It we* good to
see, the people had been able to
throw off the parasites.
Guthrie Roasts Government
The government and its supporters were apparently centering
their speeches around the question
of suitable legislation for government control of liquor, and the
crowded galleries broke out Into
applause with orles of "Hear, hear"
when Guthrie said:
"The greatest question before us
Is not liquor control, but unemployment If the government oan-
not give steady work to the thousands ot men walking the itreets
ot our oltle* looking tor It then it
ls th* duty ot th* government to
provide for them and maintain
them until tt eaa.
"There-wor* men ln hi! own dlitrlet, returned soldleri, wh* oould
not, get employment on the government relief worki at 11.80 per
day. That wu the reward they
got for fighting tor democraoy
overseas, for freedom and 'other
high-sounding1 thing!.'" He urged
that th* unemployment situation
■hould be attended te before any
other matter.
It was, he claimed, the duty of
the government te provtd* iteady
work, and lf it oould not do that,
then to maintain the workleai until
work could be provided,
"I have a letter here from Vanoouver whloh till! of mm being
forced to live and keep their famlllee there on 14.40 a day two dayi
a week, Hew would the honorable
memberi ef this Houie Uke to have
to liv* o* 14.4* * day aad then
only get lt on two day* a week."
No* Piyohologlsta, Be* Foo*
Referring to the assertion ef J.
B. dearths* of Viotorla thet per-
ohologlsts ihould bt   employed   te
examine ichool children, flnd oat
what il wrong with them and what
they are fitted tor, Mr. Outhrle
"It le not a psychologist et all
that moat ohlldren need, but three
square meals a day, eome decent
clothing and a good houae In whieh
to live."
Law Enformement
He asserted that the men who
worked ln the Morden mine ln hla
distrlet up to a month ago when
that mine closed down, had received no pay. No effort had been
made to enforce the fortnightly
wage payment law, and he held
that If the oompany could not pay
Its way then lt was the duty of-the
government to provido for them
until such time ai the company
could pay.
Six or seven years ago, Mr.
Guthrie stated, there was a Btrike
in the Newcastle district, when the
then Attorney-General had declared that he would empty the
treasury, but he would see that
the law was enforced.
'They sent soldleri, and lome
200 et ui went to Jail. I feel bitter
about that, and that le one et the
reasom why I am here. I want,
today, to see the law enforced even
as lt was then and that fortnightly payment law made effective," he
There was no suoh thing possible
i co-operation between capital
and labor, asserted the member for
Newcastle, referring to the suggestion made by * previous speaker.
He declared the capitalistic system
must be wiped out before the economlo Ills of the world could be
improved, and until that were done
and the capitalist forced to cease
his exploitation of labor for proflt
there would .be Uttle ot the freedom and democracy for which the
men fought overseas.
"I may be a Uttle rattled during
this speech, Mr, Speaker," said Mr.
Guthrie, but he promised the House
would hear from him later.
Life History of
Bailin the Stool
(Continued from page 1)
Lazar, president ot the La Ku_ba
Company, for the selling of Information concerning trade union activities. Winfleld was to toll the
oompany what went on in the executive board, and Bailln was to report news of'the union meetings.
During the' ten months' service he
wae paid (1000 In addition to what
he earned ae a cigar maker. Winfleld, he says, received $50 a week
and $10,000 at the end of the Investigation, but was discovered and
expelled from the union after being
lined (10,000.
Ballln's work attracted the attention of State'*'Attorney Hoyne,
and he woe recommended to the
Intelligence department of the
United States army at Rockford,
111. Hero he helped drive out bootleggers, diseased women and other
camp nuisances. He was then Bent
to Camp Custe., Mich,, on similar
His superiors, Captain Elmer
Thomas and former department of
Justice Agent a W, Smith, have
both submitted testimonial! as to
good character and ability, which
were flled with hii confession.
"Capable, honeit, truthful and conscientious" are the adjectives
whloh fill these letters and those of
Gui GInders, former* sheriff of
Rockford; of J. W. Purvos, president of the State Bank at Friendship, Wis.; of the La Kurba Cigar
Company; of Ben Berger, whoae
brother, Henry, figures prominently ln the confession, and of Edward
J. Hargraves, proprietor of a detective agenoy. These letters were
all written after Ballln's arrest,
but before his confession wai made
Joined L W. W.
From February, 1011, te Ootober, 1919, Ballin wai in the Junk
business ln Friendship, Wis. He
also bought and sold cattle and po
tatoes. His dealings with the pack
ers soon separated him from his
savings ot $1000, he says, and In
October he. went to work for a
Chicago detective agenoy.
He was instructed to Join tho I.
W. W„ the Left Wing Socialists,
the Socialist Labor, the Communist
Labor and the Communist parties,
the A. F. of L„ and to try to get
into the Amalgamated Clothing
Thla agenoy allowed him $100 a
month, but raised him to 111.
when he threatened to resign. He
waa permitted to work at hli trade
in the daytime, but ordered to re
port radical meetinga at night Hts
reports on lecturee by Irwin St.
John Tucker were bo unrevolutlon-
ary that he waa discharged.
The very same day he was dismissed, another agenoy took him
on and assigned him to the pursuit
of Nicolai Hourwich, whom they
said had Ludwig Martens' Soviet
bureau recorde, which the State department was paying that agency
to locate.
A few days Inter the manager of
the agency he flrst worked for hired Bailln to write cartons of the
reports he turned ln to the other
agency, offering any sum he might
Ballln's experlenoe! In thli dual
role (later to become a triple one,
for he went to work for the ehtet
of police of a large Western olty
also) form another atory. This
will be told In eucceeding article*.
Juit a few ooplea of that remark,
able book "Red Europe" left Rush
In yeur order. Fifty oenti, postpaid trom thla offlce.
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We have them for your viewing tn every   I
attractive torm of Jewelry that fashion or
yeur own personal preference dictates.
Thero Ii an exquisite beauty, a raw dignity of torm to many ot
theie scintillating, sparkling pieces that win your admiration
whother you ar* a purchaser or n visitor casually looking around.
You wiU find much to Interost you In our Diamond room,
The Home of Diamond!
480.18.   Oranvlll*  Stnet
At Corner Pender
Kill Wttk
"LMt *|M"
Other Big Futures
Paul Hum* Gow to Moxloo
Chicago.—Paul Hanna, of the
Washington olllce of the Federated
Press, left this week for * tour of
Mexico tn the' Intorest of this association and the New Tork "Notion." He will cenduet an Intensive
Investigation into the eoonomlo and
politieal situation there and wUl
present his findings to the Federated Press publications in a series ot
articles. He expect* to be gone
about * month, during whloh time
he will establish bureau connections
for the Federated Press ln Mexico
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
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tor appointment
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SUM Ml Dominion Bulldlat
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Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at eost. Our itMk
ll Big ,and ie are our Bargains. Watch our Auction
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Patrols. Ihu. Whs Pstrnln tat
THEN the .torm kln| U ra
pjnt md the Map. on. w_
_ dow., tk. troublt Is
noil blatantly known .| k«
qnartera aid itepi .ro imraodlet
taken to effoct kt loaat tampon
rapalra. UinaUr, Ika eerrla. la I
of commil.lo. for .alf « if'
lima, for overy proparatloa
bean mala tat tkt tmwteaal
wko. yo.  it.  .  Hor*
wko. y.. hoar tko triad, i	
bar that tkt telepkene trMblaatt
Is obooklnt his kit lo It. thtt
ofrrythinf la ready wkea tht .Mrs
cornea  that tke  wirei  ut dew*.
British Columbia Telephone
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Beit Quality—Right Prloo*
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 Sey, 1180
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Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Comer of Heating*
and Richard!
Phone*:    Seymour <0S|
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ing in any way,
We hart th* equipment
and 40 yews' experience.
Thert il no knife nor
poison used in our treatment ,   "
Write or phone for appointment
Cieoh* Trade Union* Doubled in
Membenhlp During the Paat
Tear—Half Million Membera
Berlin.—Th. membership of th.
but-and-cut Socialist trade unloni
In Czechoslovakia practically doubled during 1920 and Is now above
\ the half a million mark, according
to a message just received from
Prague. The number of local unions rose trom 191 to 1,011,
Another Prague report says that
the Czech Communist leaders who
left the Socialist Party'. Parliamentary Club beoause of the split
over the question of unconditional
affiliation with the Third International have re-entered the club,
with the declaration that they de
not approve of the Moscow taottci
and are willing to stay In the olub
until the whole matter ll decided by
a general convention of the Cseoh
Where is your Union button t
Smaller Grades of
Stove $12.50 Ton
Th* demand for thli coal I*
proof of the quality.
This ls the belt HOUSEHOUB
COAL ln Vaneourer, bar
McNeill, Welch. &
Phont Sey. 4044-8
Economics of
Welfare Work
* ■   ni
(By Nlmrod, In the Worker)
KOBTXR undentand! un-
d.ritandtng cannot ra
One of th* most ilgnlfliant features of modern capitalism Is that
which li known as welter* work.
At flrst sight lt would seem that all
the soul-moving outpourlnge of the
emotionallit are without foundation. The Capitalist ha* bien portrayed again and again as a soul-
leu monster grinding the (aces of
the poor wage-slavei in order to
exact more and more surplus value.
Now, tt appean that the boss ii not
altogether what hai been Bald ot
him. Pay a visit to aome of the
capitalist compounds, or, lf you
cannot enter* the sacred precincts of'
almighty capital, get Into touch
with some of the wage-earners who
toll there. Tea might even get
hold of nm* ot the world*' maga-
•lnu, whir* yeu will Snd th.
Capitalist I* taking great palm ter
the welfare of th* workers. In
some work! you WIU flat trained
aunu la attendance, lo that the
miner Injuries that ar* Inevitable
ln any big work oca be attended
te, and tne tnjsred on* deu het
Seed te ft heme and Uu p.rhaps
a_ a —y>o mot- the Capltltot
1* Im Tory often concerned about
the oomfert aad well being of the
worker* durin» th* Ume they ar*
net In herne**. luoh ea at meal
tlmu, anl It tht evenings whan
th* day* * oft _ on,.
to, what tou nr good kind hen
let H* rery oonilderatelr pre-
vidu the worker* wttk reereatlon
ground* (Ao tet Instance Beard'
more at Moei.nd), In erder that
hli worken may hav* healthy exercise. Neither ie mental deterioration deelred by the hon, for
ha. he net provided the workeri
with UbrarlM aad magazines?
More than that he very well knows
that hi* worken have very often
mon wind than brains, so he pro<
vidu thea with the necessary ac.
coutrementi for a band, Bonui
and proflt-aharlng scheme! are also
worthy ef mention, beeaui. aom.
workeri are really "taken ln" and
imagine they are getting lome-
The itudent ef sociology cannot
fall to obtarvt, In some degree at
leut, the significance that th.
w.ifar. taetlo ho Ide. Thli apparent terider-heartedneu of the bosa
Is not without iti parallel In history. The dominant clui In previous soeial eyitemi were forced to
yield dolt, and mbsldlai In order
t* try and postpone the hour of
their downfall. Perhapi the most
outstanding U that ef Rome, when
olrouui and free bread were doled
out to the masses ln order to allay
the unrest. There le thli difference, however, between the taetlo
of th* Roman exploiter and that
of hi* prototype-of the preunt day,
and lt la thli: the former limply
attempted te maintain hla power,
while th* latter Is doing the sane,
hut at the ume time he realise!
that It payi him. Why? Because
it enable! the worker te Increase
produotlon and thereby r.duc. the
labor time necessary to produce
the commodity, increasing prod ts
and enabling th* boss to hold his
own In foreign markets. This Is
a point that li extremely Interesting te the student! of Marxian
economlu. Could he wish for
more convincing proof of the
Marxian Theory of Value?
As we flnd people in the Socialist movement with widely diverging opinions on eome points, no
doubt th.r. are eome different
opinion! oa thli point alio. Some
will say that welfare work only
tende to prolong the system wo ar.
out to destroy; that the workers
will become taken up with their
own Individual well-being, to the
injury ef the proletarian advance.
Othere again will oontend that
everything that maku for the material Improvement of the worker
will lead towards hli mental development, whieh le an Important
factor. Hew can we progreu If
the Ideology ot the people is limping behind economic development?
This welfare work ls an evolutionary phase, and if we want te make
progreu we must work ln harmony with evolution. If the pruent development of Capitalism does
net mak. ter progreu, th. blam.
llu at the door ot the Socialist.
Hli duty ll to continue pointing
out to the worker what li the true
relationship between the buyer of
the commodity labor-power and
the seller of lt. We must follow
this course, taking every opportunity to demonstrate that all so-
called Improvement* which fall
short of the oomplete abolition of
wag.-alav.ry ar. merely strategical
manoeuvre, on the part of the
Capltaliat. Thli will counteract
the influence ef the boss maga. lnu
that are being circulated among
the workeri extolling the virtues
ef W-O-R-K, and ln a Christian
oountry too. Does not the Good
Book tell ui that earning our
bread by the sweat of eur brow
Is a eune and originated ln sin?
Of a surety unbelief hu crept ln
amongit eur eaptalm ot Industry
and among eur preacher..
Washington. — At leut 10,000,
and possibly twice that number,
wai the estimate placed upon the
"bag" of allene and oltluni Illegally arruted In Palmar', "nd raid!"
from December, 1011, to April,
1110, by Attorney Chartat T. Clayton, teitlfnng Tuesday before the
senate Judiciary committee. Clayton went ever the papen la hundred, of thue euu, and formerly
handled Immigration euu In tha
department et labor.
Patronise Fed Advertleert.
The One Big Union
Published by tht Winnipeg Central Labor Counoil
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Subicription price $2,00 per year; 91.00 for six months
Address all communication! with respeot t* subs and advti., te
1IARHV WIMiCOCKS, Busineu Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Stroot, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be adilrossed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
jHntwanTp jpif. *_*_ THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERffilONIST   ag«ggj&.
"Left Wing" Communism
******    ******'  '/ ******   ' ******
Ah   Infantile   Disorder
(Not* by Hflltor—The queition ot affiliation with th* Third or Mo»oow
Intarnetlonal, li btlag dlneiuMt In Social!* olralta throughout thfc
wartd. Tha taitna of affiliation hava cauM* mora than om apUt ln fla*
oaliat Rarttas. In view of theaa tocta, and that l^nln la no doubt awac*
of all that theae tarma Imply, and that ha la a master of working claas
taetlos, wa feel that a perusal of the lataet work of tha haad of tho Soviet regime in Russia, "Left Communism, Aa Infantile Disorder," will be
of gtfeat assistance to our readers tn arriving at definite conclusions as
to the programme of the Third International. We, therefore, Intend to
publish tn serial form tlie work referred to, and publish the first instalment this week. This work was published ln the Old ha-A hv tha British Communist Party.)
[By Nikolai Lenin]
In What Sense oan we Speak of the International Significance
of the Russian Revolution?
DURING tha flrst months after tha Russian proletariat had conquered politieal power (Ootober 31, {November T], 1017), it might
have seemed that the proletarian revolution In other countriea
would ba very IHU* like ours, because of tha tremendous differences between backward Russia and th* advanced countries of Western Europe.
But we have now considerable experience, of « International scope,
which pretty definitely establishes th* faot that soma fundamental
features of our revolution ara not local, not paoullariy national, not
Russian only, but that thay are of International significance. And I aar
"International significance," aot In tha broad tona* of th* word! not
•om* feature*, but all fundamental and many secondary features are,
In the sense of their Influence upon other countriea, of International *lg-
nlficance. Not ln the strictest aensa of tha word—that la taking it In
its essence—or In the sense of the historical Inevitability of a repetition
on an International scale, of what we in Russia have'gona through; but
ona must admit aome fundamental features of our revolution to b* of
auoh international significance. Of course, it would b* th* greatest mistake to exaggerate this truth and to apply it to mora than tha
fundamental features of eur rovolution. It would be likewise erroneous
not to koep la mind that, after th* proletarian revolution ln at least one
of the advanced oountrles, things wtll in all probability take a sharp
turn; Russia will cease to be the model, and will become again the backward (tn the "Soviet" and Sooialist sense) country.
But at this historical moment auch la th* state of affairs that the
Russian example reveals something quite essential to all countries In
their near and Inevitable future. The advanced workers in every land
have long understood It—although in many cases they did not so much
understand it as feel It, through the Instinct of their revolutionary class.
Hence the International "significance" (in the strict sense of the word)
of the Soviet power, as well as ef the fundamentals of Bolshevik theory
and tactics. This the "revolutionary" leaders of the Second International—Kautsky In Germany, Otto Bauer and Friedrich Adler ln Austria
—failed to understand and, therefore, turned into reactionaries and advocates of the worst kind of opportunism and social treason. Tha anonymous pamphlet, The World Revolution, whloh appeared ln 1919 In
Vienna, shows plainly their whole process of thought or, what Is more
correct, alt their appalling Imbecility, pedantry, dastardllneas and betrayal of working-class interests under the guise of "defending" the idea
of "world revolution." Of this pamphlet we ahall apeak at greater
length on some other occasion. Here we shall remark only this: that in the
time, now long gone by, when Kautsky was yet a follower of Marx and
not the renegade he Is today, approaching the question as an historian,
he foresaw the possibility of the revolutionary spirit of the Russian pro.
letarlat serving as an example for Western Europe. This was in 1902,
when Kautsky wrote an article headed "The Slavs and the Revolution,"
published ln the revolutionary organ, Iskra.   Thie is what he wrote:
"At the present time (In contradistinction to the year 1840) it mny be
assumed that not only have the Slavs entered the ranks of the revolutionary peoples, but that the centre of gravity of revolutionary thought
and revolutionary action Is moving farther and farther to the Slavs.,
The revolutionary centre Is moving from the West to the East. In the
flrst half of the nineteenth century this centre was in France, and sometimes in England. In 1848 Germany entered the ranks of revolutionary
nations. The new century is being ushered In by such eventa as indue*
us to think that we arc confronted by a further removal of the revolutionary centre, namely, to Russia. Russia, whloh has Imbibed so mttch
revolutionary initiative from the West, is now perhaps Itself ready to
serve as a source of revolutionary energy. The Russian revolutionary
movement, which ls now bursting Into flame, will, perhaps, becomo the
strongest means for tho extermination of the senile phlllsttniBm and sedate politics which ls beginning to spread in our ranka, and will again
rekindle the militant spirit and the passionate devotion to our great
ideals. Rusaia has long ceased to be for Western Europe a simple prop
for reaction and absolutism. The case now may be said to be reversed.
It ls Western Europe that is now becoming the mainstay of reaction and
absolutism In Russia. As far as the Czar ls concerned, the Russian revolutionists would perhaps have coped with him long ago, had they not
been compelled to flght simultaneously his ally, European oapital. Let
us hope that they will flnd themselves able this time to settle both, enemies, and that the new 'Holy Alliance' will crash to the ground soonor
than Its predecessor. But however the present struggle ln Russia may
end, the blood of the martyrs who havs sprung from tt, unfortunately
ln too great numbers, will not have been shed In vain. It will nourish
the shoots of the social revolution throughout the civilised world, and
make them flourish more quickly. In 1848 the Slavs were that crackling frost which killed the flowers of spring of thc awakening people;
perhaps now they are destined to be that storm which will break through
the ice of reaction and will irrestlbly bring with it the new, happy spring
of the peoples." (Karl Kautsky: "The Slavs and the Revolution,"
article ln Iskra, the Russian Social-Democratic revolutionary paper,
1902, No. 18, March 10.)
How well did Kautsky write eighteen yeara ago.
One  of the Principal  Conditions of the  Success  of the
PROBABLY almost everyone can aee now that the Bolahevtks could
not have "maintained themselves ln power for two and a-half years,
nor even for two and a-half montha; without the most atrlngent, I
may say iron, discipline In our party, and without the fullest and unreserved support rendered it by the working class, that is, by that part of
lt which Is sensible, honest, devoted, Influential, capable of leading and
of Inspiring the backward masses with enthusiasm.
The dictatorship of the proletariat is the fiercest and most merciless
war of the new class ngainst its more powerful enemy, the bourgeoisie,
whose power of resistance Increases tenfold after its overthrow, even
though overthrown ln only one country. The power of the bourgeoisie
rests not atone upon international capital, upon Its strong International
connections, but alao upon the force of habit, on the force of small industry of which, unfortunately, there la plenty left, and which daily,
hourly, givMilrth to capitalism and bourgeoisie, spontaneously and on
a large scale. Because of all this, the dictatorship of the proletariat Is
Indispensable. Victory over the bourgeoisie ls impossible, without a
long, persistent, desperate life and death struggle; a struggle which requires persistence, discipline, firmness, Inflexibility and concerted willpower.
I repeat, the experience of the triumphant dictatorship of the proletariat in Russia has furnished an object-lesson to those who are Incapable of reasoning or who have had no opportunity to reason on this
question. It proves that unqualified centralization and the strictest discipline of the proletariat are among the principal conditions for the victory over the bourgeoisie. Here people usually stop. They do not inquire sufficiently Into thp menning of the dictatorship of the proletariat,
and under what conditions It is possible. Would It not be better to accompany thi? greetings lo the Soviet power and the Bolsheviks by a
more searching analysis of the reasons why tho latter were able to Institute a discipline necessary for the revolutionary proletariat?
Bolshevism, as a current of political thought and as a political party,
dates back to the year 1903. Only the history of Its whole period of
existence can explain satisfactorily why tt was able to institute and
maintain, under most difficult conditions, the iron discipline for the proletarian victory.
And, flrst of all, the question arises—upon what rests the discipline rof
the revolutionary party of the proletariat? How Is it controlled? How
ls lt strengthened? First, by the class-consciousness of the proletarian
vanguard and by Its devotion to tho Revolution, by its steadiness, spirit
of self-sacrifice and heroism. Secondly, by Us ability to mix with the
tolling masses, to become Intimate and, to a certain extent if you will,
fuse itself with the non-proletarian tollers. Thirdly, by the soundness
of the political leadership, carried out by this vanguard, and by lta correct political strategy and tactics, based on the idea that the workers
from their own experience must convince themselves of the soundness
of thla political leadership, strategy and taotlcs. Without all these conditions discipline In a revolutionary party, really capable of being a
party of the foremost class .whose object is to overthrow the bourgeoisie
and transform society, is Impossible of realisation. Without these conditions all attempts to create discipline result ln empty phrases, in mere
oontortlons. On the other hand, these conditions will not arise suddenly. They aTe created through long effort and bitter experience. Their
creation ls facilitated by correct revolutionary theory, which in its turn
Is not dogmatic, but whloh forms Itself ln its finality only through clos*
connection with th* practlo* of the real mass and truly revolutionary
If Bolshevism oould successfully, and Under the greatest difficulties,
achieve ln 1917—1980, the strlotest centralisation and Iron discipline, lt
was due simply t* a series of historical peculiarities of Russia.
On the one hand, Bolshevism came Into being In 1908 on the very Arm
foundation of Marxian theory. And the soundness of this revolutionary
theory, and no other; was proved not only by the experience of all countries during the entire 19th century, but particularly by the experience
of the rambllngs, vacillations, mistakes and disappointments of revolutionary thought tn Russia. For half a century—approximately between
the forties and nineties of the preceding century—advanced Intellects ln
Russia, under the yoke of the wildest and most reactionary Czarism,
sought eagerly for for a correct revolutionary theory, following each
and avary "Inst word" ln Europe and Amerloa with astounding diligence and thoroughness. Russia has attained Marxism, the only revolutionary theory, by dint of fifty years' travail and sacrifice, through the
greatest revolutionary heroism, the most lnoredtble energy and devotion
ln seeking, educating, practical experience, disappointment, checking
and comparison with European experience. Thanks to the emigration
forced by the Csar, revolutionary Russia, In the second half of the 19th
century, came Into possession of rich International connections, and of a
grasp of tb* euD*rlatlv* forms and theories *f tha moluttonnry mm-
meot abroad, ahoh aa no other countifr hai *
On th* othtr hand, having oome into aetatanni » this granite theoretical foundation, Bolshevism went through fifteen y*a» (1101-1017) of
frtwrtlcal hlatsrt Whloh, In fertility of overtone*, had » equal anywhere
els* In the worn, tn so other country, taring thos* fifteen years, was
thsrs anything approslmatlng to sueh wide revolutionary experience,
auoh a variety and rapidity of shifting forma In tha movement—legal
and Illegal, peaoeful and stormy, op*n asd underground, embracing
small oitelee and large masses, parliamentary and terrorist In no other
oountry, daring so short a ysrlod of Usee, has th*r* been concentrated
sueh a multiplicity of forms, shades and methods of etruggle, embracing
all olass— of modern society. To this lt must bs added that th* struggle
maturing with particular rapidity, beoause of the backwardness of ths
country and ths heavy yoke of Otarism, assimilated eagerly aud successfully the latest developments of American and European political experience.
The Chief Stages in the History of Bolshevism.
10O2'10O5; Uie yean of preparation for tlie Revolution.
THB approach of the great storm Is felt everywhere. Thero Is a fermentation and preparation In all classes. Abroad, the emigrant
press carries on a theoretical discussion of all questions pertaining
to the Revolution. The representatives of the three main politieal currents, of the three principal classes—liberal-bourgeois e, petty-bourgeois
democratle (concealed under the guise of "Social Democrats" and "Socialist Revolutionaries") and proletarian-revolutionary—anticipate and
prepare the_ approaching class-struggle ln the open by thslr bitter aad
obdurate fight on question* of programme and tactics. AU the problems
which the masses were solving in ltftl-1908 and UlT-lOtO by fore* of
arins, oan and should be traced in their ombryonto form In the press of
that tlm*. Betweon these three main currents of thought, thero are, of
course, plenty of intermediary, transient, dwarfed forms. In tohor
words, ln th* flght of press, parties, factions, groups, th* political doo-
trlnea of th* classes definitely crystallise themselves; there th* olaaasa
forgo the proper ldeo-polltloal weapons for th* comnlg battlo*.
10OB-10O7: th* yean of revolution. AN classes come out Into tho opes.
All questions of programmo and taotlcs ara tested by ths notion of tho
masses. A strlk* movement, unknown anywhere el** is th* world for its
extent and acuteneis, breaks out Ths ssonomlo strike gives way to tho
political strike, whloh, is turn, grow* Into a rising. Tho relations between th* proletariat ta th* van and th* vacillating, unstable peasantry
in ths rear, aTe tested practically. In the spontaneous development of
the struggle, the Soviet fortn of organisation ls born. Th* disputes, Is
these days, on th* significance of Soviets, anticipate the great struggls
of 1917-1910. The Interchange of parliamentary and non-parliamentary
forms in ths struggle, the taetlos of boycott and the taetlos of participation ln parliament, of legal and Illegal methods, and likewise thetr Interrelation and connection—all this ts distinguished by wonderful richness of content. As far aa the acquisition by masses aad leaders, hy
'classes and partlea, of the fundamentals of political solenee Is concerned,
one month of this period was equivalent to a whole year of "peaceful,"
constitutional development. Without a general rehearsal ln 1906, th*
.victory of the October revolution of 1917 would have been Impossible.
Tho Years of Reaction (100T-1910). Czarism triumphant All revolutionary and opposition parties are shattered. Depression, demoralization, schism, dispersal, renegacy, pornography instead of politics. A
strengthening of the drift to philosophic idealism; mysticism, aa tha
outer garb of counter-revolutionary tendencies. At the same time, it ls
the great defeat whioh gives the revolutionary parties and the revolutionary olass a real and useful lesson, a lesson in historical dialectics, a
lesson tn Intelligent understanding, ability and skill In carrying on th*
political struggle. Friends aro better known in misfortune. Defeated
armies learn their lesson well.
Triumphant Czarism Is compelled, nevertheless, to puah forward th*
disintrcgation of what remains of th* pr*-bourgeois, patrlarchtal atat* of
Russia. She moves along the path of bourgeois development with remarkable rapidity. Illusions, originating outside of and above all
classes, that tt was possible for Russia to avoid capitalism, are crushfng-
ty shattered. The class-struggle assumes altogether new and more Intense forma.
The revolutionary parties must continue their training. Heretofore
they learned to attack. Now they understand that they must add to
tlieir knowledge of attack a knowledge of how best to retreat. It becomes necessary to understand—and the revolutionary clasa by Its own
bitter experience learns to understand—that victory Is Impossible without a knowledge both* of how to attack and of how to retreat correctly.
Of all the shattered opposition and' revolutionary parties, the Bolsheviks'effected the most orderly retreat with the least damage to their
"army." They, more than any othor, preserved the nucleus of their
pkrty, suffered the fewest splits—In the sense of deep, Irremediable splits
—rfelt the least demoralization, and were In the best position to renew
work on a largo scale efficiently and energetically. The Bolsheviks only
attained this by mercilessly exposing and throwing out the revolutionists of phrases, who did not wish to understand that It was necessary to
retreat, that it was obligatory npon them to learn how to work legally
ln the most reactionary parliaments, in the most reactionary trade-
unions, co-operatives, workmen's Insurance and similar organizations.
'The Yours of Revival (J910-l.il 1.) At first the revival waa exceed-
Irigly slow; after the events In the Lena mines In 1912, somewhat more
rapid. Overcoming Immense difficulties, the Bolsheviks drove back the
Mensheviks, whose role as bourgeois agents In the working-class movement was perfectly understood by the whole bourgeoisie after 1906, and
who, therefore, were supported by that class against ths Bolsheviks.
But the latter would never have succeeded as they did lf they had not
pursued the right tactics of co-ordinating Illegal forma of work with
obligatory utilization of all "legal possibilities." In tbe most reactionary Duma the Bolshoviks won the whole Labor vote.
The first Imperialist World War (1914-1917.) Legal parliamentarism,
ln thc conditions of an extremely reactionary "parliament," renders
most useful service to the revolutionary party, to the Bolsheviks. Bolshevik deputies go to penal servitude. In the emigrant press, all shades,
all distinctions of social-imperialism, social-chauvinism, social-patriot-
Ism, consistent and inconatat ent internationalism, pacifism and the revolutionary negation of paciflst Illusions, flnd full expression. The learned
fools and old women of the Second International who arrogantly and
contemptuously turned up their noses at the many "factions" in Russian
Socialism and the stubbornness with which they fought one another,
were unable, when the war deprived them of their blessed "legality" ln
all tho advanced countries, to organize anything even approximating
such free (illegal) interchange of views and such free (Illegal) ham-
mcrlng-out of the right views, aa did the Russian revolutionists In Swlt-
zeriand and other countries. Just because of thla Inability of theirs,
both the downright social-patriots and the "Kautsklans" of all countries
have proved the worst kind of traitors to the' proletariat. And lf the
Bolsheviks were able to attain victory in 1917-1920, one of the principal
causes of thts victory was that Bolshevism already, In 1914, had mercilessly unmasked all the abomination, turpitude and criminality of social-chauvinism and "Kautskianism" (to which Longuetism in France,
the vlowa of the leaders of the Indopondnt Labor Party and tho Fabians
of England, and of Turatl ln Italy, correspond), while the masses, from
their own experience, were becoming more and more convinced of the
soundness of the views of the Bolsheviks.
The Seeond Revolution hi Russia (from February to October, 1917).
Czarism, now hoary with age, had created, undor the heavy blows of
this tormenting war, a tremendous destructive power whloh was now directed against lt. In a few days, Russia was turned into a democratic,
bQurgcols republic, mite free, cunsldering the state of war, than any
other country in the world. The government was beginning to be
formed by the leaders of the Opposition and Revolutionary parties, just
after the manner of the most "strictly parliamentary" republics. The
fact that a man had been a leader of the opposition, though In the most
reactionary parliament Imaginable, aldod him in his subsequent career
in the Revolution.
The Mensheviks and the "Social Revolutionaries" mastered, in a few
weeks, all the tricks and manners, arguments und sophistries of the European heroes of the Second International, of thc ministerialists and other
opportunist worthies. What wo now read of Schiedemann and Noske,
Kautsky and Crlsplen, Rennor and Auaterlilz, Otto Bauer and Frits
Adler, Turatl and Longuet, of the Fabians and the loaders of tho Inde-
dep'endent Labor Parly in England—all this .seems to us, and, in reality
Is, a dreary repetition, a paraphrase of an old familiar song. The Mensheviks have long ago sung It to us. History hns played u Joke on us
and made the opportunists of a backward country anticipate the opportunists of a great many advanced countries.
That nil the heroes of tbo Second International suffered bankruptcy
and disgraced themselves on the question of the tale and significance of
tho Soviets and Soviet power; that tbe leaden, of three vory important
partloB which have now left the .Second International (namely, the German Independent Social Democratic Party, the French Longuetlsto
and the British Independent Labor Party) have especially "vividly" disgraced then.solves on this question; that they have nil proved slaves to
the prejudices of petty-bourgeois democracy (quite In the spirit cf the
petty-bourgeois of 1848 who called themselves ".social democrats")—all
this conveys to us nothing new. We have already seen all of lt ln the
example of th* Mensheviks. History has played off this joke; In Russia,
In 1905, Soviets were born; in February-October, 1917, they were tampered with by the Mensheviks, who went bankrupt because of their Inability to understand the rolo and significance of the Soviets, and, now
that the Idea of Soviets has oome to Ufe the world over, spreading Itself
with tremendous rapidity among the proletariat of atl countries, the old
heroL'B of the Seoond International are also everywhere going bankrupt,
because, like our Mensheviks, they are unable to understand the true
role and significance of Soviets. Experience hae shown that, on some
very essential points In the proletarian revolution, all countries will Inevitably have to repeat Russia's experleace.
The successful struggle against what was In reality the parliamentary
bourgeois republic, and against the Mensheviks, was begun by the Bolsheviks very cautiously, nnd contrary to the View often met with In
Europe and America, lt was not at all without careful preparation. At
the outset of the period indicated, we did not call for the overthrow of
the government but explained the Impossibility of overthrowing it
without a preliminary change ln the personnel and disposition or the Soviets. We did not proclaim a boycott of the bourgeois parliament of
the Constituent Assembly, but said—after the April, 1917, oonferenoe of
our party officially, In the name of the organization—that a bourgeois
ropubllc with a Constituent Assembly la botter than one without, but
that a "workmen's and peasants'" Soviet I'opubllc is better than any
bourgeois democratle, parliamentary, republic. Without such a careful,
substantial, cautious and prolonged preparation, we could not have obtained victory ln October, 1917, neither eould we have maintained lt
Who Were the Enemies in the Working-daw Movement in
the Struggle against whom Bolshevism Grow, Gained Strength
and Became Hardened?
FIRST of all, and principally, ln the struggle ogslnst opportunism,
which, in 1914, grew definitely Into social chauvinism, and finally
deserted to the bourgeoisie against the proletariat.   This was naturally the chief enemy of Bolshevism within the movement of the working
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clam, and thli r. mains lb* ohlef enemy also oa aa late-Battens! soal&
Thla taemr olalmed, tat eUlnu, most of the attaattsa tt tk* Bolsheviki
whose work ia this avium ts already wen knowa abroad.
Somethlaa olso, hewer*., must be asU et ths ether sasmy at Betas*
vlim la tto Working olass movement, M la not eudtetee tly knowa ebroel
that Bolshevism f row vp, form ad Mi hardened itssK n lsng yean ef
•truiflo atalut petty-bourgeois revolutionism, whieh resembles •
borrows somothing from anaftahlsm. tt dtSen la ono respect or anothsf
ln aU essential* from th* conditions ead requirements of a eonslstesi
proletarian olaas-struggls. Tor Unmans It Is weB-establlshsd thsere*
tloally—and ths utporleno* ot all European rbvoluOana and revolution*!*
movements fully confirms—that th* smalt ownar (th* sooial typ* wklel
ln many European oountrlM Is v*ry numerous and wlduprwd), whet
under capitalism. Is constantly opprtssad aad sHffsraMr, and whoa* oondV
tloni of Ui* often tak* a sharp and rapid turti for th* won*, moras taa.
Hy whea faced with Tula to «xtr*m* revolutionism, bnt Is Incapable af
ainplaylns conslatencr, erianliatlon, dlaclpllne and Arms aas. Th* petti*
t>ourgeol*"fon* mad" from th* horrors of capitalism. Is a sooial ph*n*>
niAion whloh, Ilk* anarchism, la charaoteristlo of aU capitalist countries
The weAknen of .such revolutionism, Its futility, Its liability swiftly te
transform Itself Into ebtdlence, apathy, phantasy and *v*n Into a "mad*
Infatuation with soma bourgeois "fashionable" t*nd*ncy—all thts ts a
matter ot oommon knowlsdgo. Bat a m*r* recognition la th* abstract
a theoretical recognition of theie truths, does not at all fn* revolutionary parties from old mlstakts, which always appear unexpectedly
in a somewhat new form. In new trappings, la more *r less original surroundings.
Anarohlsm was often a kind of puntshmsat (sr tb* opportunist sins at
tho working olass movement. Anarohlsm aad opportunism wsr* tw*
deformities, one complementary to ths othor. It Is partly dus to Bolshevism that, notwithstanding ths faot that ths population of Russia, ta
comparison with European countries. Is lafgsly of a petty-bourgeois
make-up, anarohlsm unrclsed a comparatively Instgnltcant Influence
during th* revolutions ef 1101-1117; for Bolshevism hu always oarrled
on a merollees aad uuoomp. omlslng light against opportunism. I say tt
la partly dus to Bolshevism, for a still greater part la weakening th* Influence sf anarchism In Russia was played br th* faot that It had the
opportunity to flourish In full bloom In tho seventies ef the a. netoenth
century, and to receal completely Its aselwsnsss sa a guiding theory ot
the revolutionary class. - .
Bolshevism, at its inception in IS03, was Imbued with the tradition of
mercile. . struggle with potty-bourgeois, semi-anarchist and dilettante-
anarchist revolutionism. This tradition always obtained In ths revolutionary social democracy, and gained special strength In Russia la 1100-
1903, when the foundations wei'e being laid for a mass party of th* revolutionary proletariat Bolshevism oontlnued tho flght with th* party
which, mors than any other, expressed tendencies ot a petty-bourgeois
revolutionism, namely, with the "flcolallst Revolutloaarles." Thia flght
was conducted on three main points. First, this patty, rejecting nanism, stubbornly refused to understand (It would be moro correct te say
lt could not understand) th* necessity of a strictly objective estimate ot
all the class forces and their inter-relation ln svsry political action.
Secondly, ln Its Individual terrorism tnd attempts at assassination, this
party saw Ita peculiar elalm te "revolutionism'' aad "Isftnsss"—a thing
which ws Marxians rejected. It is, sf coun*, self-evident that ws rs-
Jected Individual terror only from considerations of ecpedlenoy: for those
who would "on prlnolple" condemn ths terror et ths gnat Vrsneh Revolution, or terror generally, oa ths part et a victorious revolutionary
party, bosteged by ths bourgooislo of ths wrote world, had been ssorntd
and rldlouled by Flekhanov In 1100-11.1, when hs wss Marxist and revolutionary. Thirdly, tho "Soclal-Rsvolutlonaries" thought It "Isftneaf
to giggle at the comparatively Inslgnlflcant alns of th* Oerman Soeial
Democrats, while thsy themselves Imitated ths extreme opportunists st
that party, as for example, on the question of the dictatorship of the
proletariat or the agrarian question.
History, by the way, haa now on a large, universal seals, confirmed the
opinion always advocated by us, that ths revoluttsaary Oerman Soeial
Democracy (note the fact that Plekhaaov, even la UH-liei, demanded
the expulsion of Bernstein from th* party, and th* BelsheWks, alwaya
continuing this'tradition, ln 191! exposed the wholo businsss, knavery
and treachery of Leglen) was the nearest approximation to that party
which ls necessary to tho ■'evolutionary proletariat te enable It te attala
victory. Now, in 1010, after ths igncmlnoiis failures, bankruptoy ant
crises during the war and the lint yean after, It ean bs sssa plainly that
all of the Western parties It wss ths Oerman revolutionary social democracy which gave th* beet loadors, restored Itself, healed Its woaada aal
gained new strength before all tho others. This may bs seen In ths sa-
ample of both the party of the Hpartlclats and ths left, proletarian, wing
of the "Independent Social-Democratic Party ot Oermany," which carries on an Incessant fight with the opportunism and characterlessness st
th* Kautskys, Hilferdlngs, Le deb oun aad Crispier*
If we now take a general view of ths historical poriod now completed
—namely, from the Paris Commune to tho flrst loalallst Soviet Ropubllc—we shall see in very clear perspective tho whole attitude of Marxism (
towards anarchism. Marxism was right after all. If ths anarchists rightly pointed to the opportunism In ths conception ef tho Stats, a ooscep-
tlon predominant ln most of the Socialist Parties, It wss not tho fault of
Marxism. First, this opportunism was dus to misrepresentation aad
even downright concealment of Marx's viewo oa ths oonceptlon ot the
State. (In my book, "The State and Revolution," 1 called atttntlon te
the fact that for thirty-elx years, 1175 to 1111, Bebel kept unpublished a
letter by Engels which vory vividly, pointedly, directly and dearly de-
(Ccntlnued on pago 7)
Great February
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Another Witness Against
Tom Mooney Confesses
False Testimony
New Tork—John McDonald, who
tu a witness for the prosecution,
Identified Tom Mooney as the San
Francisco Preparedness day parade dynamiter has confessed his
testimony was false, Attorney
Frank Walsh announced.
McDonald's affidavit, Walsh said,
waa wired to San FranciBco, where
a special grand jury ls investigating the Mooney case.
According to Walsh, McDonald
made an affidavit that he was unable to Identify Mooney, but did so
ln his testimony at the insistence
of Prosecutor Fickert. McDonald
told Walsh, the affidavit stated, he
was promised a share in the $17,
600 reward In exchange for testifying the man he saw leaving a
suitcase near the scene of the explosion was Mooney.
McDonald     alleged     the    case
against Mooney was a "frame-up,
and that many witnesses had been
Instructed aa to what they should
■ay on the stand.
Propaganda meeting Sunday
•venlng, 8 p.m., Columbia theatre,
Dave Rees, speaker; J. S. Woods-
worth, chairman; Kenneth Dyson,
soloists Mr. Morrison, accompanist.
Monday—Dr. Curry's class on
"The Evolution of Man," in F. L.
P. headquarters.
Tuesday—Executive meeting at
headquarters, 8 p.m.
Thursday—Speakers' class.
Saturday — Social at headquarters.
Join the party. Membership fee
$1 per year, payable monthly.
While Hay Day has boen set as
lbe dosing date for tho raising of
$6/100 for the Federatlonist, lt
should be understood that we need
tt NOW.
Vancouver Unions
OOCKOI1/—Preaident, J. M. Clarke;
TlM-preaideot, R. W. Hatley; aeeretary
J Q. Smith; treaanrer, A. B, Weill;
■•Tf eant-at-armi, E. Uorne; trui teen,
Oan. TtnmMen, Slererwrlght and Mids-
ley. Meeta Srd Wedneaday each month
la Ike Pender HaU, eorner of Pender and
Howe atteoU.  Phone Bey. 291.
«U~lfeeU   sound    Honday    la   the
■mtit    Pruldent, J. P. McConnell; ••»
'tsttvT**, R. H. Heelanda. P. O. Boi 68.
0. ». V.—Preeldent,  R.  W.  Hatley;
secretary, J. O. Smith.   Meets lit Wednesday  in  eaeh  month  in  Ponder Hall,
. r. et Pender and Howe atreeta.   Phone
ployeei, Loeal 88—Meeta every eecond
Wedneaday In tbe month at 2:80 p.m.
Sad every fonrth Wedneiday in tbe month
at 8:80 p.m. Preildent, John Cumminfi,
secret y and bnalneaa agent, A. Oraham.
Oflee and meeting ball, 441 Seymonr St.
V. none Sey. 1011. Oflea honra, 8
to 6 p.m.
Alteration, Loeal 88-62—Offlce and
fall 168 Oordova St. W. Meeti flnt
sad third Pridayi, 8 p.m. Secretary
treaaurer, 7. Chapman; buiineu agent,
B. Rlchardi,
era'  Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Mon-
»y$. Prealdeat, J. E. Dawaon, 1645 Tew
., KltaDano; aeoretary, E. T. Kelly,
I860 Halting! St. E.; recording aeeretary,
L. Eoldiwortb, 689—14th St. W., North
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.—
Aa Induitrlal union of all workeri in log-
fins and construction eempi. Coait Dlitrlet aad General Headquarten, 01 Cop
dova Bt. W., Vancouver, B. 0. Phone Say.
TIBS. E. Winch, general secretary-
treaiurer; legal advlien, Henri. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C; audi-
Ian, Men". Buttar A Chiene, Vancouver, B. 0.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)— Branch meeta aecond and fonrtb
Mondaya, 819 Pender St. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave., North Vanoouver; flnanclal secretary, E. Qoddard,
•60 Richards Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Ruiiell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
Burnaby, B. 0. 	
en Bridgemen, Derrlckmen and Rlggora
ef Vancouver and vicinity. Meeti every
Monday, 8 p.m., In O. li. U. Hall, 804
Pender St. W. Preildent, A. Brooki)
Inanclal secretary and busineu agent, W.
Tucker,   Phone,   Seymour  291
Meeta lait Sunday of each month at
8 p.m. President, A. E, Robb; vice*
preaident, 0. H. Collier; aeeretary-treaa-
Srer.  B. H.  Neelanda,  Boi 00.
Employees,  Pioneer  Division,  No.  101
—Meata A. 0. P. Hall,  Mount Pleasant
Iat and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and /
£.m. Prealdeat, R. Rigby; recording
leretary, P. E. Grlffli, 447—6th Avenue
last; trsuanr, P. sidaway: Inanelal
aeeretary and buiinois agent, W. H, Cot*
fell, 4808 Dumfries Struct; offlco corner
rlor and Hnln Sti.   Pbone Pair. 8604 R.
of tho 0. B. U. meeti on the flnt and
third Wedneiday of evory month. All
mem hen in thia district are Invited to
Provincial Unions
and Labor Counoll—M(*ta flrat and
third Wednesdays, Knight* of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 6 p.m. President, A. 0, Pike; vice-president, 0. E.
Copeland; seeretary-treasurer, E. 8.
Woodward, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B.O.
Federated Labor Party Is
Holding Big Sunday
Sunday night saw another crowd
ed theatre, when Mrs. Corse spoke
on behalf of the F. L, P. The
speaker outlined the policy of the
pnrty, and drew attention to the
lar'ge stocks of fuel, food, etc., on
hnnd everywhere, although thousands In Vancouver and elsewhere
were practically on the verge of
starvation. Also drawing a comparison with the efforts made by
various bodies to flnd tho returned
man a job, and the efforts made by
these self-same bodies to recruit
men for the "war to end war." The
speaker got the audience with her
remarks that tho ruling class objected to the workers having even
the movies to go to. She quoted
several representatives of the so-
called law and order class, as having stated the workers have too
much leisure, wear silk shirts and
even go to the movies. Quotations
were given from a circular issued,
ln Alberta, showing how badly the
small farmer* had fared the last
few years, and the speaker stated it
was criminal for representatives of
the government to delude the workers of Great Britain and elsewhere
and to dump them down in Alberta
and the prairie provinces where
those who were there at present
will not even scrape out an existence. Bringing her address to
a close she stated forcibly that the
P. Zi. P. stood for the worker to
secure and live a fuller and freer
life. Many questions were asked
and taken altogether the meetings
at present although not a financial
success, are a sign of the times.
The workers are beginning to sit
up and  take notice.
The audienco was very appreciative of a solo rendered by Mr.
Mr. Beard occupied the chair* In
a capable, and efficient manner.
David Rees will speak Sunday
in the same theatre. Mrs. Woods-
worth will officiate as chairman,
and Mr. Dyson will be the soloist,
accompanied by Mr. Morrison.
FniDAi. ...«_...Pvmmry 11,1IS1
Vancouver Unemployed Parade turning down Dunsmnir Street to Beatty Street, and  lata  th*  Panda
Grounds, last Sunday
Right Behind the Brewery
Workers in Their
New Westminster Trades and
Labor Council met on Wednesday,
the 9th inst., with a bumper attendance of delegates, Election of
officer's for the ensuing term was
as follows: President, P. A.
Browne; vice-president, W. A.
Cross; secre tary-treasurer, Mrs. A.
Delegates* and committees gave
a full report on the Brewery Workers lockout to the effect that the
trouble was caused through the
discharge of the chief engineer,
who had been in the employ of the
firm for 26 years. The following
resolution was passed unanimously:
That the council endorse the action of the Brewery Workers' Union in supporting their unjustly
discharged member and further
that the council enlist the active
aid and sympathy of all workers in
this fight against discrimination
and the secretary stand instructed
to ask Vancouver Trades and Labor Council to take action in aid
of  the  Brewery Workers.
Other delegates reported that
their unions were ready to give
practical aid.
General Executive of 0.
B. U. Replies to Lumber Workers
Secretary Midgley, of the O. B.
U. general executive board, has
sent out thc following information
with respect to the dispute with the
Lumber Worker's:
The Lumber Workers Industrial
Union, having failed to contribute
to the support of the One Big
Union for a period of soven months,
was recently suspended In accordance with the O. B. U. Constitution,
the provisions of which have been
approved by Referendum vote of
the membership.
The recent Lumber Workers
convention decided to form a Lumber Workers organization, separate
from the O. B. U., and an attempt
Is being made to excuse their action on the grtmnd "that the general executive board was not elected by a referendum vote!"
W. Alexander having resigned
the general executive board, now
consists of P. M. Christophers, W.
A. Prltchard, R. B. Russell, P.
Woodward and R. J. Johns, and I
am Instructed to announce on be-
hft'tf of these member's, that they
are prepared to submit to a referendum vote of the membership at
any time.
They are prepared to open nominations at once If that action will
bring about a greater co-ordination
of the activities of the working
class, in the struggle to abolish
J. J. Walsh. M.P., who was recently arrested In a Cork hotel, has
been officially Informed that a sentence of five years' penal servitude
has been passed on him. He was
tried ln 1919 for alleged seditious
speech, but the day after the trial
he escaped from Mountjoy Oaol.
First   Contribution   for
"Maintenance Fund"
Following is a letter we received
from a comrade in. Alberta. The
letter was apparently written on
the same day as the flrst meeting
of the committee which drew up
the plans foi* the campaign to
"Place the Federationist on easy
street.*' To this comrade goes the
honor of making the flrst contribution:
Beaver Crossing, Alta.,
February 5, 1929.
The B. C. Federationist,
Dear Comrade: Enclosed please
find $10 money order, $2.60 for renewal of subscription and $7.50
for the press fund.
This comrade, possible a farm
er, knew that the working class
press is always in need of funds
to carry forward its message, hence
his contribution. The Federatlonist has hundreds of admirer's in
Alberta and right across the Do
minion- of Canada as well as In t
dozen other countries, and we have
not the least doubt that our appeal will bring forward funds from
many distant fields. But British
Columbia should be more vitally
Interested ln the continued success
of the paper than other quarters.
Chicago Merchants Make
Vicious Attack on Labor Unions
Manitoba Labor Men Put
Release of M. P.'s Up
to Government
The Labor group in the Manitoba
Legislature, flled with the government last Monday, their resolution
relating to the memorial calling
for the release of the men Imprisoned for their part in the 1919
strike. On this, they propose to
have a decision.
The resolution calls for the Instant release of the men in order
that they may take their places in
the Legislature, and adds that "by
their election a large body of citizens regarded the imprisoned men
as persons of integrity more properly fitted to represent them in
the Legislature than to languish in
The Resolution is not a plea for
mercy, but is accepted as more a
criticism of the judicial system by
which the men were convicted. It
ls understood that the government
will accept the challenge.
The capitalist press excuses the
government from adopting the resolution, by stating that if lt had
beeu an appeal for mercy, lt would,
ln all probability, havo been adopted. The three Labor members
now in the penitentiary nlong with
others, were charged with thc snme
crime (7) as were workers who
were'found "not guilty," and committed by thousands of workers
throughout the country. In view
of the evidence submitted at the
time, the changes appeared to have
all the earmarks of a conspiracy
to railroad these particular individuals to Jail, and such being the
case, there is absolutely no reason
why an appeal for mercy should
be put up by and for men who committed no crime in the eyes of the
fellow workers, and the thousands
of voters who elected them as their
representatives in the law-making
body of the Province.
The Zyrians (a tribe ln the Archangel government) have formed a
separate Soviet republic
Practically Everything at a Standstill In Excry Locality In
Paris.—Unemployment continues
to become more serious ln Paris
and throughout the department of
the Seine. Many factories have had
to close, while others are working
short time.
Many trades are affected by high
prices and the slump on the money
The whole of France ls feeling
the pinch. Shipping Is being held
up at Nantes and Marseilles owing
to the Industrial orlsls, and work
In the ports has practically ceased.
At Troyes employees in the hosiery
factories are working only 12 houra
a week,—Exchange.
1900 Riot Promoters
Were Active in the
(By Helen Augur)
Chicago.—A jury in the, criminal
court here has failed to agree In
the case of seven labor officials of
South Chicago, who wero indicted
during the steel strike in the fall
of 1919 for "extortion," allege<j[ to
have been practiced against 'the
small merchants of the community
the previous spring. The case will
be reheard next month.
The seven are:' Theodore Vind,
president of the South Chicago
Trades and Labor Assembly; Stanley Walczak, former agent of the
Meat Cutters' Union; Edward Boatman and Orvllle K. Blevins, former
business agent of the Teamsters'
Union Local 742; Prank J. Ambor-
ski, former president of the Butcher Workmen's Union; Mrs. Emma
Porter Pipes, former business ageut
for thc South Chicago Waitresses*
Union, and Gustav Woerth, organizer for the Clerks' Union.
These seven people were conspicuous In building up the South Chicago Trades and Labor Assembly,
which is a remarkably united and
aggressive body in an Important industrial district. They went at the
task of organizing the whole district, and when the steel strike
came they backed the strikers.
They were arrested at the height of
the steel strike, and they have been
tried at the height of the open-
shop drive. While the Jury was deliberating on the case over a period
of 24 hours, overy "loop" newspaper spread the story that the four
most conspicuous of the seven had
already been declared guilty.
' Vind tells the story of how the
seven came, to be indicted somewhat as follows:
South Chicago went practically
solid for the Labor Party when it
was organized early In 1919. Vind
ran for alderman on the ticket
which was headed by John Fitzpatrick, president of the Chicago Federation of Labor, ln March. Ma-
clay Hoyne, state's attorney, opposed Fitzpatrick on an Independent
ticket. Conditions In the Republican and Democratic parties threw
the two Independents Into the limelight. Both were defeated by the
Fired Off Job
The day after the election Vind
was informed by Commissioner of
Markets Francis that his services
as head of the South Chicago Municipal Market were no longer
needed. Ho had built up the market until it was thc talk of Chicago.
The industrial situation came uppermost after the election. The
South Chicago Trades and Labor
Assembly turned Its attention to
completing the organization of the
dense industrial district.
The Assembly organized all the
retail clerks in the district with the
exception of those In the Wool-
worth stores.
Then the Chicago Bakers' Union
called a atrike for the abolition of
night work. The South Chicago
bakers went out. The restaurant
proprietors especially the Oreeks,
who comprised half of the Restaurant Keepers' Association, called
on their waiters to take the plaoe
of the striking bakers. So the waiters went out.
Shoot Union Teamster J
John Nick Stanos->and his brother Jim operated a chain of restaurants and candy stores In the
district. They hired Oreek strikebreakers. One of them, whose
name has never been revealed, met
a union teamster, Asmus Jessen, on
the street. Jessen told the Oreek
what he thought of strikebreakers
and was shot down without warning. A policeman named Kenney,
who interposed, was almost fatally
shot also by the Oreek. So far as
can be learned tho murderer waa
never even arrested.
When Jessen was burled every
store in South Chicago was closed.
The clerks and cookB and barbers
and toamsters all went to their
brother's funeral.
"Well, we'd paid the price," Baid
Vind. "The restaurant keepers
were ready to settle quietly then,
ia I had an Informal conference
The "Frame-Up" on Two
New York Italians Is
Discussed in Italy
Leghorn, Italy.—The nucleus of
a national Sacco-Vanzettl committee was orgnnized here during the
week of the Socialist Party Congress. Representative deputies, pour-
nallsts and labor leaders of all the
warring groups In the congress
have Joined on the Issue of justice
for their two comrades and compatriots menaced with the electric
chair ln Massachusetts.
Among those who have constituted themselves as the beginning of
the national organization for the
defense of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzettl are Arturo Caroti,
Leone A* ncci, VIncenzo Vnciara, An-
tbnls Oramacl, Paolo Valera, AI
berto Argentierl and Lecondino
Tranquil!. Caroti, Mucci and Vacirca are all members of parliament,
and have lived for many years in
the United States.
; "Those of us who have gone over
the evidence," Deputy Caroti said,
"of the Sacco-Vanaetti case, are
convinced of the Innocence of the
men. I know the forces of prejudice that will be brought to bear
against them not only because they
ore Socialists but because they are
Italians. It is significant to my
mind that such a committee should
be formed here at the moment
when the party is split In two, per
haps ln three, by internal differences. There can be no difference
where the lives of comrades are
Mm. Henderson Will Lecture
On Wednesday next, at 8:15 p.
m., In the F. L. p. hall, Mrs. Rose
Henderson will give a lecture on
the child drama entitled "Little
Eylof," or the right of the child to
be well born. She will give some
up-to-date illustrations, taken
from the juvenile courts. All patents should hear this lecture.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Wlille May Day has been set as
the closing date for tlie raising of
$5,000 for the Federatlonist, It
sliould bo understood that we need
with them. It was like bargaining
over a dead body. I told the association we would settle, but not
with the Stanos brothers, because
they had hired a gunman. They
settled and the Stanos brothers left
the association and made a separate agreement with us. They
agreed that In addition to granting
the waiters' scale and the bakers'
scale that they would employ only
Oreeks who were citizens or had
taken out their first papers, and
that for every man waiter they
would employ two members of the
Waitresses' Union,
labor Stood United
'That was the 'extortion' charged against us."
No charges were lodged against
any of the labor men during the
spring and summer. Vind became
an organiser of the steel workera
in the Calumet district, which Includes South Chicago and Gary.
When the steel strike broke In September Vind called 80,000 men out
of the steel mills of South Chicago
alone. He was the William Z. Foster of the Calumet district
Again there was trouble with the
local stores. They began slipping
supplies quietly to the strikebreakers. The butchers went out. Then
the local teamsters, who had given
thousand dollars for a strikers'
commissariat, boycotted the stores
supplying goods to the strikebreakers.
"More extortion," said Vind grimly.
The steel strike was solid. Feeling became tense. In South Chicago alone there were 700 city police, 600 deputy sheriffs, and about
700 private detectives. Polish
strikers walking the streets were
seized by deputies, loaded into cars,
and brought back later on battered and bleeding, charged with "disorderly conduct."
Vind went to Maclay Hoyne to
ask whether the state could not afford protection to its citizens
against privately Instigated assaults.  Hoyne demanded proofs.
Before the proofs could be produced tn full the state's attorney
lodged Indictments against Vind
and the six other labor officials in
the district who had been conspicuous in aiding the steel strike. The
big newspapers carried headlines
four Inches high, and "labor" was
discredited for tha beneflt of the
steel companies,
Mounted Police Ride Into
Headquarters and Tear
Down Notices
Philadelphia—The end of the
third week of the general walkout
of the 8000 employees of the
Cramp Ship and Engine Company,
caused by the wholesale discharge
of union committeemen by the
company, and its avowed intention
to doal with the individual employee only, finds that every effort
by the company to stampede the
workers into returning to work on
the company's terms has failed.
The fact that nearly all the crafts
Involved have received thc sanction
of their various Internationals, bas
stiffened the morale of the strikei-H
and bids fair to make an early settlement possible.
Novel methods were used recently to call the attention of the residents of the Kensington section, in
whtch the big shops and yaita are
located, to the strike. An airplane
flew over the entire district and
showered thousands of leaflets and
cards upon the populace as well as
the few strike-breakers ln the
yards. Local newspapers seized
upon the incident to report that an
airplane manned hy "Reds" had
deluged the northeast section of
the city with radical and Communist literature, when, as a matter of
fact, the literature consisted of
printed cards bearing the famous
dialogue between Mr. Hennessey
and Mr. Dooley on the "Open
Shop," written F. Peter Dunne
many year's ago.
Mounted police are using the familiar Pennsylvania Cossack method on the pickets. At the pickets' headquarters, where the list of
strikers to do picket duty daily are
posted, one mounted trooper rode
his horse directly into the room,
and tore the lists from the wall.
In an effort to destroy the effectiveness of the pickets the police
have closed all streets' adjacent to
the plant from 7 to 8 a. m., 12 to
1 p.m., and from 4 to 5 p.m. Over
800 police, Including many mounted officers, are on duty daily.
Will Co-operate With the
Brewery Workers in
New Westminster
The regular meeting of the Vancouver (International) Trades and
Labor Council held Thursday eve
nlng, after hearing the delegates
from the New Westminster Brewery Workers re. lookout, instruct
ed the secretary and president of
the council to proceed to New
Westminster Friday morning u
try and get a settlement, and failing in this, to co-operate with the
New Westminster union in any
way that union might suggest.
Credentials were received and
delegates seated from the following unions: Bridge and Structural
Ir*on Workers; Brotherhood of
Hallway Carmen; Sheet Metal
Workers; Stage Employees and the
Musicians' Union.
A parliamentary committee coin,
posed of the following wero elected: Delegates Bartlett, Blacksmiths; Oreen, Barbers; Massecar, Bridge Workers; Mahan, Garment Workers; Dickenson, Moulders; Hannafan, Soft Drink DIs-
spensers; Smith, Milk Wagair
Drivers; Martin, Electrical Workers.
Workmen's Com pen^n tion
All the recommendations of th?
Workmen's Compensation committee, as propoued amendments to
the act, were adopted and secretary instructed to forward same
to the B. C. executive of the Dominion Trades Congress and the
three labor memberi. In the B. C,
The Building Trades Department
reported splendid meetings with
all unions represented and the
adoption of by-laws.
Label committee reported increased demand in city for1 union-
made goods, especially for "Twin
Bute" garments.
Coal enquiry committee reported finally getting the City Council
to endorse the suggestion for enquiry.
The Tailors' Union reported rejection of proposed wnge cut and
bosses agreed not to press matter
further. The delegate stated, however, that the bosses were apparently organizing to declare a lockout.
Carpenters reported that unemployed member's of their union
who were seeking unemployed relief, had received suggestions from
the civic officials of that committee to the effect that unemployed
carpenten should go to Glacier
where a strike ls In progress.
This matter was placed in thc
hands of the parliamentary committee to deal with in an effort to
remedy these activities of civil officials.
This is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
9*t   British Columbia Federationist   v 5
'pjHIS is an acknowledgment that the Hearer has con-
tributed the sum of Five Dollars ($5.00) to aid in
Wiping out the indebtedness of the B. C. Fedorationist;
increaie its field of operations; defend Labor in the every
day struggle and to become a bigger and more powerful
£-     Workers' Newt and Propaganda Paper     ^_
Brewery Locks
Out Employees
(Continued from page 1)
Regular Army Is Being Drilled to
Help In Overthrow of Capiat System
Vienna. — Considerable progress
among the members of the Austrian regular army was reported by
the secretary of labor committee
of tho soldier group of the Communist soldiers of Lower Austria
recently held here.
In this city there aro Communist groups lu twelve of the fourteen
barracks, with a membership of
about 1,600 soldiers; of the 260
membera of the soldiers' councils,
thirty-eight aro Communists, and
of sixty trade union representatives
fourteen belong to Communist bodies.
The Third International asks all
workers to boycott Spanish products, owing to the persecution of
Spanish workers.
trtie. The statement, however, Ib
perfectly true, but this tends to
show that somebody in the union
is Informing the company of the
union activities, and that the company Is a party to thiB kind of
thing. The B. C. Federationist has
eliminated the "Britannia Beer1
advertisement from its columns.
' Referring to the statements of
Mr. Nelson In the daily press, cm
ployees wish lt to be known thnt
they are practically all untrue, and
present the following statement,
made by R. IT. Rubins, president,
and W. K. Bent, secretary:
'The trouble at the New West'
minster Brewery is not a strike—
but a lockout One member was
discharged, after 25 yearB' service,
<an ex-secretary of the union),
without any notice or reason given.
When an explanation was asked
for, the son of Mr. Nels Nelson, In
charge, discharged the men instan-
"Undor section 10 or our agreement with the brewery, it is specifically laid down that pending the
settlement of any dispute, there
must be neither strike ot lockout,
This agreement was thus violated
by the brewery, not the union employees.
'We were ready then, and we are
ready now, to live up to the terms
of our agreement, and accept arbitration under the provisions. At
no time have we refused to return
to work. On the contrary, we
asked to do so, but were advised
we wei'e flred.
"True, we later tentatively agreed
to the naming of an investigation
and conciliation board of four
members, but at no time was there
nny agreement between the four
arbitrators to meet on the Feb, 16.
Our arbitrators were appointed on
Feb. 9, and were prepared to act
at any time between that date and
the 18th, but endless delays and
excuses, in a play for time, by the
brewery management, exhausted
our patience.
"If the brewery management Is
sincere, It will renew negotiations,
and agree to live up to the agreement between us. In this connection, after careful Investigation,
New Westmlnater Trades and Labor Council on Feb. 9, passed the
following resolution:
" 'Resolved, that the Trades and
Labor Council of New Westminster, endorse the action of the
Brewery Workers Union 286, New
Westminster, in the recent lockout
over discrimination -at the New
■\VeBtminster Brewery, and that thla
council ask Vancouvor Trades and
Labor Council to co-operate ln enlisting the active aid of all unions
affiliated to support the Brewery
Workers ln this flght for an unjustly discharged member, (who waa
an ex-secretary for tho union, and
has been In tho employ of the
brewery firm for 26 years'."
Junior Labor League Note*
The Junior Labor League will
meet tonight (Friday) at their club-
rooms, 62 Dufferln street west, for
the purpose of initaiting ten new
members, which proceeding will be
followed by u social evening.
Next Friday, tire business meeting will be held at 929 Eleventh
avenue east.
Comrade J. S. Woodsworth leads
the Industrial History class every
Friday night at 7:30 o'clock, before the ordinary meeting, and
these classes are the cause of keen
interest amongst the members of
the League.
On Sunday next, thc 20th Inst.,
the League intends to start'an
Economics Study class. These
classes will be held every Sunday
at S o'clock, at the F. L. P. headquarters, 148 Cordova street west,
and are open to every one between
the ages of 16 and 25.
Pittsburgh.—One hundred and
eighty thousand men are out of employment in the Pittsburgh district,
embracing Western Pennsylvania,
Eastern Ohio and Northern West
Virginia, and the number Is increasing almost daily, according to
a survey of the industrial situation
just completed here.
The Swellest Up-to-
in Town   .
The Hat Box
112 Hastings West
Opposite Woodwards
We are artists ln tlio Hat-
Clcaning business
Orthopedic and
Surgical Shoes
IN eighteen years of making and fitting shoes, I
have had an opportunity to thoroughly study
every foot ailment. In hundreds of ordinary cases
of broken-down feet I have given absolute comfort
by fitting proper appliances and altering the heel
and arch of the shoe to give more support.
Surgical shoes are in two classes—the kind that
fit well, look well and conform to Nature's desires
by correcting or easing the trouble, and the kind
that do not. I can absolutely guarantee that, after
a study of your feet and full examination of contributory causes, I can give you more comfort, with
neater appearing shoes, than you havo ever had before. I have three expert men on the making of
this kind of footwear and prepare all the work myself.  I personally superintend this work myself.
Come in and see mc or, if not possible, write your
trouble in detail.
Shoe Repairing
My policy has always been to give the most for
the money, and in repairing I think that this is
amply proven. I use No. 1 grade oak tan sole stock.
My twelve repair men aro thoroughly experienced
and my equipment is up-to-date. I have speeial
men for each branch of repairing and guarantee
that the work (nrncd out will wear longer, look better and give better satisfaction than any in Western Canada. .   , .  .     .
51 Hastings Street West
...February 18, 1921
Xililfi O— V £ll»
ror Tnat; Tun ne tat. Unit this Vain Stamp for n» aadn oor
on stamp jssubesi
Fncfal OoUoctl. • Bstfaialng
Forbids Both Strum aal Lockouts
Disputes BettMd hy ArUtratloa
S t.»dy Employment aad Skilled Worlcaaaridp
Prompt D.UT.rlei to Mauri aad Pabllo
Peace and 8acc.u to Workora aad Employers
rroipsrltp ol Shoo Ibklai OoauaaalUoi
Al loyal oaloa ma
yoa to domaad Ihoi
Union Stamp oa Solo,
a aad woman, wo aak
l boarlai tta atom
IbmIo as Ualag.  .
OoUU lovely, Oeneral Priild.. t.   Charles — Batao, Otaoral Hc.-Ttmi.
"Left Wing" Communism
—An Infantile Disorder]
Fresh Out riovrers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
tt Hastings Street But 728 OranvUle Street
Seymonr 988-672 Seymour 9513
' Moscow.—Inventions of tha Rui-
ilan engineers have revolutionized
the peat Industry in Soviet Russia
and resulted ln an Increase o( the
output that will grow even larger
aa the experiments continue.
Oakland, Calif.—At a meeting
held ln this olty a movement wu
•tartod to convert "The World,"
lor 16 years the weekly official organ of the Socialist Party of Cal-
. ifornla, Into a dolly.
Kindling Pro.
Russian Port Does Not Wish to
Leave Ruasta Nor Is He "Strong-
. |y Qua.-'led"
Riga.—Wtth the arrival here of
Mrs. Maxim Gorky, the reoent rumors ourrent ln tne Baltic States
of the Russian poet's desire to leave
his native land and of his being
"strongly guarded" by the Bolshevist authorities ln Mosoow to "prevent hla escape" have been laid at
In- an Interview with a reporter
for a Lettish newspaper, Mrs. Gorky declared that her husband had
no intention of leaving Russia, although he had received many invitations to do so, Including one from
Dr. Frldtjof Nansen. What Gorky
needs ls a good rest, said hla wife,
as his work for the' Grsyebln Publishing House, editing the universal
library, and the constant stream of
visitors constitute a heavy drain upon his vitality.
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They An, Indexed for Ton
Mr. Union Man, Ont Thli Ont and Give It to Tout Wifo
Love tt Co. ,
..570 Seymour Street
Tisdaiis Limited-
-US Haatings Btreet West
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms)-
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big Shoe House	
Hastings Btreet last
Pierre Paris...
...409 Hastings W.
M Haatinga Btreet Wert
MacLachlan-Taylor Company SI Cordova Street Weat
Cornett Bros, ft Clarke  II Haatinga Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing:
Pierre Parle 14 Hastlngi Street West
NeW Method Shoe Repairing  117 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streets
China and Toys
Millar & Co. 411 Hastings Street West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 16th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder - _ 74 Fairfield Building
Dr. H. Walton „ ..310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastinga St W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold le Quigley. 646 OranvUle Btreet
Clumans, Ltd 113 Hastings Street West
Clubb * Stewart .309-315 Hastlngi Street Welt
R O. Outfitting Co. 341 Haitings Street West
B. C. Tailoring Co — 842 Hastings Bast
Wm. Diok Ltd. - M-4» Haatings Street Bast
Thos. Foster A Co., Ltd..
3. W. Foster A Co., Ltd..
J. N. Harvey Ltd.	
C. D. Bruce...
...614 Granville Street
-845 Haatings Street Weat
New Tork Outfitting Co....
W. 3. Brumitt™	
D. — Book	
-US Hastings West and Vietoria] & O.
 401 Hastings Street West
 143 Hastings Btreet West
..Cordova Street
Thomas & McBain .
Seven Little Tailors .
, 117 Hastings Street West
 665 GranvUle Street
 338 Carrall Street
Kirk A Oo, Ltd— __..-..»29 Main Bt, Beymour 1441 and 4.5
Dancing Lessons
Pender Hall Corner of Pender and Howe Streete
W. B. Ferris Dancing Sohool    Cotillion Hall
Dr. Brett Anderson —
Dr. Gordon Campbell .
Dr. W. J. Curry	
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Beer..-..
Van Bros..........—
 802 Hastings West
 806 Granville Street
-301 Dominion Building
—Westminster Brewory Co.
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
 -Ciders and wines
Vancouver Drag Co...
-Any ot fbelr six stores
Dry Goods
-623 Hastings Btreet Weit
Famous Cloak A Bolt Co.....
Lasalle Extension University .'701 Standard Bank Bldg.
B. C. School of Pharmacy and Science  —..- ...615 Fender West
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd 48 Hastings East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros 2398 Granville Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 233 Klngsway
Nunn and Thomson 631 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co. . 41 Hastings Btreet West
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company , „ 418 Main Street
 Hastings, Granville and Main Streets
 41 Pender Street West
"Slatera" (three stores).-.
Vancouver Co-operative ,,..
Calhoun's, Ltd. —	
O. B. Allan ..i.	
-11 Hastings Street Bast
 480 Granville Street
Masseurs, Ete.
M. F. Bby, B.A, M.B _  199 Broadway West
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton A Oo, Vietoria, B. a)
Printers and Engravers
Cowan A Brookhouse ___...„,......._ .'. 1129 Howe Street
tilelland-Dibblo Tower Building
Taxi Service
(Stanley Steam Taxi Co - 834 Abbott Street
Theatres and Movies ,
Hay"**" ..—...—.—.-   Orpheum —■■■■■■—_,  Pantages
(Continued from page S)
$**&? Mr. Editor:   Did you notice
nounced the opportunism of the popular social-democratic conception qf§j$»;old red herring "Parliament br
in uc
;;«*«**« ******
Growls from Garr L U$s
th* State.) Secondly, It was the truly Marxian tendencies in the Euro£
pean and American Socialist Partlea that were responsible for modifyii
these opportunist conceptions by accepting Soviet power and recognlzii
Its advantages over bourgeois parliamentary democracy.
There were, two instances ln which Bolshevism carried on an especli
ly arduous struggle against a "turn to the left" within Its own part]
one was ln 1908, on the question whether or not to patrtcipate in thi
most reactionary "part lament" and ln the legal workers' societies, bount
by the most reactionary laws and regulations; and again In 1918 (tl
Brest treaty) on the question of whether any "compromise" ls admissible.
In 1908 the "left" Bolsheviks were expelled from the party for their
stubborn refusal to understand the necessity of participating in the most
reactionary "parliament." The "left" among whom there are some very
excellent revolutionaries, who subsequently became, ahd continue to be,
prominent members of the Communist Party, sought vindication In the
policy of the boycott of the Duma in 1905, a particularly successful experience. When the Czar, In August, 1905, proclaimed the convocation
of a consultative "parliament," the Bolsheviks eame, out with a declaration of boycott, ln contradistinction to all the opposition parties and th*
Mensheviks The October Revolution of 1905 actually swept away that
"parliament." At that time the boycott proved right; not .because non-
participation ln reactionary parliaments ls right, but because when we
studied the objective situation we saw that it led to tbe rapid transformation of mass strikes Into political, then into revolutionary strikes, and
Atiot that, Into a rising. Besides, the struggle then was revolving around
the question whether to leave it In the hands of the Csar to convoke the
flrat representative assembly or to attempt to take the convocation of th*
assembly out of th* hands of th* old government. In so far as their*
was not, and could not be, th* certainty that we were faced with an objective situation developing in a similar dlreotton and at a smaller pace,
the boycott ceased to be sound policy..
Th* Bolshevik boycott of "parliament" ln 1905 enriched the revolutionary proletariat with highly valuable political experlenoe, having
shown that, by combining legal with Illegal, parliamentary with non-parliamentary forms of struggle, lt may become necessary and even essential
sometimes to bs able to rejeot parliamentary forms. But to transfer this
experience blindly, Imltatlvely, uncritically, into different surrounding!
and different conditions ls th* greatest possible mistake. A small error
easily corrected* was. th* boycott of tb* Duma by th* Bolsheviks la
1906. Very serious and not at all easy to correct waa the mistake of boycotting the Duma ln 1907, 1901 and after, when a rapid rial % of th*
revolutionary wave, resulting ln an armed Insurrection, could not be expected, and when, on ths other hand, all th* historical circumstances
now strengthened by the bourgeois monarchy dictated ths necessity of,
combining legal with illegal forms of work. Now, when we look back
upon the complete historical period, whose connection with the following
periods has fully revealed Itself, it becomes particularly clear that the
Bolsheviks would not have been able to preserve, certainly not to
strengthen, develop and reinforce the stable nucleus of the revolutionary party of the proletariat In 1908-1914 tf they had not succeeded ln
maintaining, by a rigorous struggle, that It ls obligatory to participate In
the most reactionary parliament and ln many other organizations bound,
by the moat reactionary laws (Workmen's Insurance Societies, etc.)
In 1918 thing* did not go so fat as to bring about a "split." The "left"
Communists formed a separate group or "faction" within our party, but
lt was short-lived^ Th* sam* year, the most prominent representatives
of "left Communism," as, for example, Comrades Radek and Bukhartn,
openly admitted their mistake. It seemed to them that the Brest treaty
was. on principle, inadmissible, and a compromise with Imperialists dangerous to the party of the revolutionary proletariat In truth it was a
compromise with Imperialists, but lt was a compromise which. In th*
given surroundings, was Imperative.
Today, when I hear oriticlsm, for Instance by the Socialist Revolutionaries, of our tactics in signing the Brest treaty, or when I hear the re-.
mark of Comrade Lansbury, mads by him In a conversation with.me:
"Our English trade unionists say that they should be allowed compr^r
mlae, since Bolshevism allowed Itself compromises," I usually reply flrirt
of all by Way of a simple and "popular" comparison: .,,. r%&
Imagine that your automobile ls held up by armed bandits. Tou haty*
them over your your money, passport, revolver, the machine. In rttuiTp
you are spared the pleasant company of th* bandits. Th* compromis* }■
plainly there. "Do, ut des" (I give you money, arms, the automobile, in
order that you "give" me the possibility of going ln peace). But one cap
hardly flnd a sane man who would pronounce such a compromise "Inadmissible on principle," or would proclaim the compromiser an acconv
plice of the bandits—even though the bandits, having got Into th* automobile, used it and the firearms for new robberies, as was the case with
me. Our compromise with th* bandits of German Imperialism was suofy
a compromise.
But, when the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries in Russia, the
Schiedemanns (and to a great extent the Eautsklans) in Oermany, 6ttp
Bauer and Friedrich Adler (let alone the Messrs. Renner and Co.) in
Austria, the Renaudels, Longuets and Co. ln France, the "Independents,
and the "Laborltes" and the Fabians In England, effected In 1914-1918,
and in 1918-1920, compromises with the bandits of their own bourgeoisie, and sometimes with those of the of the bourgeoisie of tha "Allies,"
against the revolutionary proletariat of their country, that ls where thes*
worthies wei'e guilty of aiding and abetting.
The conclusion is clear: To rejeot compromises on "principle," to reject every admissibility of compromises generally, no matter of what
kind, Is a piece of childishness hard even to tak* seriously. He who
wishes to be useful to the revolutionary proletariat must be able to sift
the concrete cases of such compromises which are inadmissible, which
stand for opportunism and treachery, and to direct all the force of his
crltlcsm agalnBt these concrete compromises, mercilessly exposing them,
fighting them to a finish, and not allowing "experienced Socialists'^and
parliamentary Jesuits to dodge and shirk responsibilities by resorting to
discussions of "compromises generally." The "leaders" of the British
trade unions, as well as of the Fabian Society and the "Independent"
Labor Party, use just this method of dodging responsibility for the betrayal they committed. Theirs was a compromise which indicated th*
worst kind of opportunism, treason and betrayal.
There are compromises and compromises. It Is necessary to be able
to analyze the situation and the concrete facts of each compromise or of
each species of compromise. It is necessary to learn to distinguish the
man who gave the bandits money and arms In order to lessen the evil
caused by this gentry and to facilitate the business of capturing and
shooting them, from the man who gives to bandits money and arms ln
order to share the booty. In politics it ls not always so easy to make
distinctions as in this childishly simple little example. But whoever took
It Into hts head that he could contrive for the workers a formula which
would give beforehand ready solutions of all cases, or who would assert
that ln the political experienceo of the revolutionary proletariat there
will be no difficulties, no intrlcaote problems to solve, would be merely a
charlatan. To leave no room for misunderstandings, I shall attempt to
outline very briefly a few fundamental rules for the analysis of concrete
The party which compromised with Oerman imperialism by signing
the Breat treaty had been evolving internationalism in deed since the
end of 1914. R did not fear to proclaim the defeat of the Czarist monarchy and to repudiate the "defence of the Fatherland" tn a war between two Imperialist plunderers. The members of this party ln th*
Duma preferred th* road to penal servitude In Siberia rather than the
road leading to ministerial portfolios tn bourgeois governments. The,
revolution which overthrew Czarism and established tho democratic republic, subjected the party to a new and tremendous test; the party rejected all temporizing with "Its own" Imperialists, but prepared their
overthrow and did overthrow them. Having taken over the political
power, not the smallest fragment was left, either of the property of th*
landlords or of th* capitalists. After publishing and repudiating the
secret treaties of the Imperialists, thla party proposed peace to all the
peoples, and yielded to the Brest plunderers only after the Anglo-French
imperialist;, had caused our peace proposals to miscarry, and after the
Bolsheviks had done everything humanly possible to hasten the revolution ln Qermany and other countries. That such a compromise made by
such a party In such a situation waa absolutely correct, becomes clearer
and more self-evident to every one fr'om day to day.
The Mensheviks and the Socialist-Revolutionaries In Russia (like the
leaders of the Second International in 1914-20 tho world over) begad'
their betrayal by justifying the "defence of the Fatherland," that ls, tha'
defence of their marauding bourgeoisie. They continued their betrayal,
by entering Into a coalition with the bourgeoisie against the revolution^,
ary proletariat of their country. Their bloc, flrst with Kerensky and the
Cadets (Constitutional Democrats), then with Kolchak and Denikin in
Russia, like the bloc of their confreres abroad wtth the bourgeoisie of
their respective countries, was the bridge which led them to alliance'
with the bourgeoisie against the proletariat. Their compromise with th*
bandits of imperialism consisted from beginning to end ln their willing
participation In imperialist robberly,
•What U snld of Individuals mey bt ■ltd, witk necesury modification!, ef.
politics tnd partial. The win maa li not ha who makea no mistakes. Thore are
not, and cannot be, auch men. He la wlia wbo makea alight miatakea and who fi
able to correct them cnslly and quickly.
Trade Unionism" has been trailed
"rut again In the Old Country?
Ihft cry is making a good* old
dby for our masters and ruling
caste in the time of any crisis.
what Mr. "Windermere" relates, those naughty English labor-
Have actually spoken quite
Sharply to Lloyd Oeorge. And this
time their spokesman is Just a common person who began his career
as a railway cleaner at 81.50 a
Week. Fancy, one of those horrid
Working men so far forgetting his
position that he dares to raise his
voice in protest to the powers that
be. And what ls the issue which
raises Windermere's ire, and makes
him tremble for the Empire? The
railwaymen, for the purpose of protecting their members In Ireland,
pall for an open and Impartial' enquiry into th* shooting of two of
their fellows. When you come to
think of It, what a drastic request
it Is; how Bolshevistic, and how
far out of th* bounds of all reaion, safety and sanltyi Labor must
ihink that Is Impossible to get any
satisfaction out of "the body of
Wd-faced man who look as If they
bave done well out of the war" who
are now seated tn parliament, so
they evidently propose bringing a
little extra-parliamentary pressure
to bear, all same a* In th* Polish-
Russia embroglio last summer. Another case of "forcing an open
door," I suppose?
;• By the way, old top, this chap
Windermere ls a most "straordinary
fellow, doncherknow. Perhaps
you met'him, when he waa heah
lawst Autumn, with th* Imperial
Press Delegation? In soms papah,
doncherknow, tn wblch h* was cartooned and reported as being present heah ln Vancouvah with the
other journalistic, chaps, they were
publishing despatches from htm ln
London. Most 'straordinary! I re
ally believe th* fellow must hav*
toft his astral, or some other beast
ly body In deah old, London, tu
gathah th* newa during hts absence.
'•     •     •
"North Dakota Talks of Political
Peace." The Non-Partlsan League
In N. D. must be making things
hum, when their opponents begin
to squeal.. It Was reported that the
League did not hav* the success ln
the last election that they experienced in th* previous one, but they
must bo making Mr, Capitalist sit
Hip'When a call goea out suggesting
ft series of meetings to which Non<
Partisan League and all commercial and banking Interests, together
With all kinds of farmer and cooperative organisations shall b* Invited, to talk over th* present alt-
iiatibn and plan for th* future. The
upholders of the old order of things
must be getting pretty scared, when
they decide td consult Interests
other than their own. What does
the old proverb say, "Th* devil was
sick, ahd th* devil  a  saint  waa
hi;   .   .   ."T
•■'..o- e      •     *
T" Up to. recently I had a certain
faith ln the benevolence of British
Imperialism, but I am now rapidly
doming to th* belief that, in the
last analysis, Imperialism, whether
lt be British, Prussian, or French,
Is very much the same thing. Being an Englishman, I was brought
up to believe that the sole dls-
pensors of Justice, liberty and humanity ln th* world were th* British Imperialists. Later I was taught
to beware of that evil thing—German Imperialism .... And
now comeB the report that the distribution of American relief to the
starving and destitute ln Ireland ts
not to be allowed! Imagine the
howls of horror and execration that
Would have arisen from our sanctimonious press lf the German Military governor of Belgium had refused to allow relief to be distributed to the Belgians during the period of Oerman occupation. The
Insults that would have been heaped upon the Oerman heads would
have been scorching enough to destroy the paper upon which they
would have been written. I can imagine a hall of infamy being erected in London to commemorate the
action, or a statue dedicated for
that purpose at the very least.
However, I suppose I should remember that deeds committed by
British Imperialism are never outrages; they ar* only th* benevolent
fruits of suoh Imperialism, bestowed upon th* people ln their own
Verily, my masters, thts Is a
strange world.
•     •     •
I suppose, Mr. Editor, you've
been busy lobbying across at the
oapital this week, seeing lf you
can't have newspaper offices Included with those places permitted to
sell th* wet goods?
Tours ever,
B. C. Electric
Creating  Crisis
(Continued from page 1)
Monday evening, when action'for
the future will be decided upon.
The Electrical Workers can see
that the scheme of the company Is
to divide and rule. The "open
shop" conditions whioh have prevailed during this disagreement
has ended ln an attempted reduction of wages, this If followed to
its logical conclusion, will mean
not only further reductions for the
Electrical Workors, but will result
ln an attack on tho remainder of
the employees of the company,
namely, the street car mqn and the
office staff. The Electrical Workers do not care to have the onus
placed on them of being tho causa.
through acceptance of the company's terms, of a like policy on
the other employeea ,.
Berlin.—A report from Warsaw
says that the Polish government
has received a note from the Soviet,
government of Russia protesting
sharply against the alleged ill treatment of the Red Guards hold ln
prison camps In Poland and threatening reprisals upon the Polish
prisoners In Russia unless conditions In the Polish camps are Immediately bettered.
Whilo May Day hns boen set as
tlio closing date for tho raising of
$5,000 for tlio Pedenulonlst, It
should be understood tlmt we need
Buy At a union stor*.
Majority of Building Trado Unions
Havo Had Agreements
| . Signed for This Year
I .Toronto, Ont.—John Doggett,
iMoretary of the Building Trades
; Council, emphatically denies reports that all tho building trades
>have signed agreements for the
coming year. A majority haa completed negotiations although several others are still discussing
'■■ ■ Hourly wages decided are: Bricklayers, fl; electricians, 87 H cents;
'granite cutters, $1; sheet motal
workers, 90 cents; plasterers, $1;
stone masons, $1; ston* outters,
$1; and asbestos workers, 85 cents.
Unions still negotiating are: Building laborers, painters, lathers, elevator constructors, portable hoisting engineers and cement workers.
At a Joint moeting held in Winnipeg of manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers in lumber' wost of
the Groat Lakes, a resolution was
passed which declares that whito
Labor must have 'Its proper reward," it must at the namo time,
accept In most localities less than
its pi'esent wage scale if building
activity Is to be revived successfully.
Sudbury, Ont.—Nickel mining in
Northern Ontario will continue at
a (standstill until wages decrease,
employors say.
Would Have Workers
Interested in Plans
For Machine Guns
(Continued from page.-!)
board. He did not appear to be
clear on this, although later he
produced a report addressed to. one
Kenyon, signed by K. C. Laurie,
whom he stated was a colonel or
something. He suggested that as
the Inventor did not wish the Invention to be used by the capitalistic government, owing to the fact
that he was a Socialist, that lt
might be possible that it would be
of value to the workera, or falling
that it might be sent to Mr, Lestor
in England, and by him' be forwarded to Soviet Russia.
Wonld Consider Him Crazy
He was told that the workers tn
Vancouver were not In communication with Soviet Russia, and that if
they were they would not bother
about lt as the Soviet regime had
been able to look after itself up to
that tlm* without even the aid of
th* editor of th* Federatlonist, and
no doubt could do so In the future.
The editor then Informed Mr.
Weldle that tf any man cam* peddling machine guns to him, that he
would consider him either crasy or
worse, and that the workers had
nothing to do with destruction, that
seemed to be th* function of the
ruling olass, Mr. Weldle, having
evidently noted th* contemptuous
manner ln which his suggestion
were received, at this point decided
to put on th* soft peddle, and stated that at on* tlm* he had thought
that It would have to be by force
that-ohange* would be mad*, but
that ha had changed his mind and
leaned to moro moderate methods.
But he pointed out that self defense
wu not destruction, thereby Inferring that the machine gun could
be In the hands of the workers for
defensive purposes. He informed
th* editor that he had gone to him
as he considered him one of the
levelest headed men In the working class movement, ahd that lf he
did not think lt of any value he
would drop lt He was also most
anxious not to be misunderstood,
needless to say, he need not have
had any fears of this. He war understood alright This concern for
th* workers and the Russian proletariat on the part of a broker
who lives ln one of the most expensive apartment houses in town
naturally "touched" the editor, but
not exactly ln the manner Intended,
but lt was In th* right spot.
Not Confined to Guns
Mr. Weldle ha* not, however,
confined his activities to seeking to
dispose of plans for machine guns.
Just ft short tlm* before th* machine gun episode, he was vety
much In the company of one D, S.
Browett Since then Browett has
been ordered deported by the Immigration authorities. Now Browett Is an Englishman who broke
th* tew ln entering th* country. It
ls tru* that tt was only a technical
breach of th* law, but he was ordered deported. Possibly th* following will show th* reason.
Shortly after Browett's arrival tn
Vancouver, Mr. Weldle got In touch
with him and seemed fascinated by
the attractions of the Socialist
Party headquarters, posing as a
sympathiser with the Socialist
movement he sought information
as to the Communist movement tn
th* United States, that being th*
country from which Browett had
made entry into Canada. He suggested that Browett might deliver
a lecture on this subject He was
also very anxious to flnd out what
Browett thought of the Russian
situation and the Bolsheviki theories, When Browett took Issue
with syndicalism and anarchy, Mr.
Weldle took the position that he
doubted the soundness of his arguments and position. In one of his
conversations with Browett, Weldle
stated, "I have heard it said that
according to Lenin, the existing
state machinery must be destroyed." He asked what this meant
and Browett replied that this simply meant that when another distinct class took power, that the existing or prevailing institutions
would be changed to meet the new
Wanted to Read
About a month after Browett's
arrival Weldl* suggested that
Browett should giv* him suggestions as to Socialist literature to
read. This Browett did, suggesting
that he read Engles' "Origin of the
Family," "Private Property and the
State," "The Civil War In France,"
and especially an article by Robert
Minor In the current Liberator, entitled, "I Change My Mind a Little." He also sought definitions of
th* term proletarian dictatorship,
and many other phases of the Socialist movement, and asked Browett to give him his address ao that
a friend of his could see him and
disouss th* Asiatic situation with
About two days after this Incident a representative of the powers that be went to see Browett and
asked many questions. Thla Individual, by a strange coincidence, seemed to have some knowledge of the
conversation that had taken place
between Mr. Weldle and Browett,
as the questions he asked would Indicate. Among other thlnga, this official asked Browett if ho had evor
recommended anyone to read "The
Origin of the Family," "Tho Civil
War in France," and especially an
artlole In the Liberator by Robert
He then asked Browett If he had
stated that the proletariat ln order
to obtain supremacy should stiok
at nothing even to the blowing up
of machinery, Browett replied that
he had never given such ridiculous
It wtll b* noticed that practically all the questions aaked by the
officer coincided with the nature of
the questions asked by Weldle, although they may have bcen somewhat twisted or distorted,
Browett Arrested
At th* close of tho interview
Browett was informed by the official that the authorities were quite
weir Informed as to hla activities
and he then left Browett waa arrested on January llth, 1921, and
later ordered deported by the authorities. Since Browett's arrest he
has not soon Mr. Weldle, although
he ls free, and prior to the activities of tho authorities Weldl*
sought hla company oi^diously.
During the provincial election
Mr, Woldlo   aided   tho   campaign
At tk. Meo.it at at—ttl at on tutora. w. tm. iaaltet tf wjla
Loner Boot ou th. m.rk.l. Until neeatly w. km Mlr mate _m.*_
Boot, to mnuin, tat owlif to tk. nqusts m.d. ni Ik. waadutal eat-
Miction tksie booU ar. thing, we era low miking It mi boil.wi t> pel
• Hoot on tb. mark* tbat will git. tk»t ..tlifiotloa ys* wmM Wt
The«. boot, uo .11 bud Md., er. po.lUt.lr vuraataeS to k.M aatOm,
and will Mtwoar »nr olhM boot nud..
Ibe  Price It Oaly BUM, FnBf (kitted
Hit TOTO OBDBB TODAY—If yet aee nit eera et yttt ttae Amt
tb. ontllna at year fMt m t t—* et ftp..
The New Method Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
Phone B.F.-054
oommltte. of the T. L. P. by folding circulars, and anUting ln the
campaign ln tome wayt. He signed
the nomination papen of the Socialist Party of Canada candidate*.
He has alto attended Federated Labor Party dances, topk part ln the
esperanto classes which havo been
held ln the city, belonged to tht
Grand Army of United Veterans,
and generally showed up where tht
workers wert. meeting; In fact, hit
activities stem to havt been of a
widespread nature and all confined
to working-class organisations, although he poses at a broker, having offlce. at 643 OranviUe street
To tay the leaat, Hr. Weldle'!
intereat In the poor working men
It unique considering, at before
stated, that he Is suppottd to bt ln
tht brokering buslnew, and ont can
only wonder how ht found lt pot-
tlblt to tpare Umt from hit business to aid tht Federated Labor
Party, and endone tht candidature
of tht Socialist Party candidates,
something which will at least itand
a Uttlt explanation aa thty could
not all bt elected In any case at
there were only six candidates to
be elocted, and the F. L. P. had
three In tht field and tht socialists
six. Evidently such nice distinctions betwten working-elan poUtlcal partiei did not worry our altru-
istio friend. That the Ughter side
of lift ln labor circles, iuch at
dances, attracted Hr. Wtldlt It also another sidelight en tht lift of
a buslnesi man who ihowtd iuch
concern for the workers, and ont
can only wonder If working woman
had a peculiar charm for him.
Mr. Weldle, on his own admission, Is a Lett He flrst came to the
notice of the Federatlonist staff
when he ran an advertisement In
the paper latt Auguit advertising
Russian rubles fo. salt. Thlt In
itself aroused suspicions and when
he made the arrangements for the
ad. he made tome fool suggestions
and asked foolish questions whloh
received Just as foolish answer..
Cold Reception
Tha machine gun haa had a rather oold thouldjsred reception In
other quarter! than the Federatlonist offloe. Investigation prove!
that the plans for thla contraption
havo been offered to othen: not by
Weldle, but by a man olalmlng to
be named Kenyon. Whether thli
Individual tl acting In conjunction
with Weldle li not however, cleared up., It may be that he la really
aa pictured by Weldle and found
a sympathetic ear when he mat
this individual But ln all caaM SociaUst!, when approached on thla
proposition, have told the party Introducing lt that they have neither
the time nor Inclination to bother
with lt and thus moat likely another "revolution" was still born.
There art many other thingi
that might be related al to tht activities of Mr. Weldle, but space
and policy precludes their being
published at thli time. But it ll
possible the relation of the fact! ai
above may be the means of preventing some misguided, enthusiastic, and simple member of the
working clau meeting the same
fate aa Browett and the Russians
who were released from New Westminister penitentiary Juit prior to
There are Indication! that the
ramifications of this type of Individual are extensive In seeking Information or manufacturing lt so
that thsy can hold down their easy
and contemptible occupations.
Some Uttle surprise and consternation In certain quarters would be
aroused If full details were given
as to the extent of the stool pigeon
Industry in connection with government agencies. No man ls safe
these days, even lf ht does not do
anything that would placo htm outsido the palo of tho law, "tvldenca"
can be manufaetursd. It has In the
past and will be again. Whether
the government at Ottawa ls responsible or ls aware of tht naturt
of the "work" being done by the
agents provocateurs or not, doss
not mattor. It ls being done and
conditions will soon be aa bad In
Canada as obtained ln czarist Russia unless the people become aroused and say thts thing shall not be.
llspoctable people of a country under British Dominion will not tolerate the employment of th. lowest type of mon of all nationalities
to spy on them, and to manufacture
evidence so that they may hold
their mlserabt. and contemptible
poaltlons. If ths government la not
aware of these tactics, and It ls nlmost Impossiblo to think that they
could be carried on without lu
knowledge, then It ll time that
thoso matterrvvere Investigated, or
labor will have to employ men to
watch this kind of trouble-maker.
F.L P. Wffl Contest New
Westminster in Federal Election
With a Dominion suction loonf-
Ing up on tht horlaon thtrt If
mueh aotlvltr la local worklng-
olus political oirelM. Tb* Burnaby
branch of tht F. L. P. Is, howevtr,
tht flnt to Mod out a call to Ua
memben. Thlt call Is being Mt
to all members of tht partr It
lane and sympathisers In tht Ntw
Westminster riding, with tht objtot
ot organising tht riding and a*.
lac ting a candidal*.
Anyon* lntimttd ihould ftt Im
touch wtth tlthtr Hr. F. A.
Browne, Edmonds, or Hr. Amot,
McKay Port Offlot. A meeting
will be called In th* Labor Templt,
Ntw WestmlniUr, at Mm* convenient date In tht near future. It
it expected that mtmbtn and
rtpresentatlvta trom aU parte ot
th* riding will to-optratt and (hat
an tnergttlt organising commttttt
will bt formtd tor aotlr* aurlgo
whtn riquiKd.
Seattle. Wuh. — Tht contention
of a logger at a melting of King
County mtmbtn tt thl leglilatur*
to discuss a resolution providing
that Araerieaniiatlon b* taught 11
lumber campt, that bathing facilities, clean blanket*, lanltary tleep-
Ing quartan and dtcent food would
do much toward Americanising tht
campt closed tny further talk 6a
tht aubjtot
W. E. Fenn's School
Phonat! Soy. 101—Sey. SOSt-0
Social Dances Honday. Wtdnit-
day and Saturday.
Ualon Offleldi, writ, for prlMS.   Wa
On an* eltat lea. 1 unn« U
lonud at 11»» BOWB IT.
Guaranteed Coal
If onr coal is not satisfactory to yoa, aftor yon
have thoroughly triod it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and oharge yon
nothing for what you havt
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Sfreet
Phones Seymonr 1 Ml and MS
London.—A ballot of th. members of ths Shipping Clerical staffs'
Guild and the Shipping Clerical
Staff's Qluld (London) shows an
overwhelming majority tn favor of
the amalgamation and the new association, under the title of the
Shipping Guild, will cater for prao-
tlcnlly all non-manual workeri engaged ln shipping.
Where ls o'our union button?
Greatest Stock of
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Fnnutnre Calid.
U BaMw Itnet WM
Dr. DcVan'8 French Pills
A nllsbl. R.suLllni PIU for Women, M
• box. Sold st all Drat Storei, or m.U.4
to any sddrm on roe.lpt of prie.. Tba
lcob.ll Drug Os., St O.tb.rlnu. Ontarl*.
Restore! Vim ind Vitality; for Mm* ui
Drain; increases "gray mittar;" t Teal*
—will build yoa tp. $8 a bot, er two for
ffi, at drug stores, or by mail on reeolft
of price. Tht ScoboU Drtf Co., SI 04*-
trlnos, Ontarl*.
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We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 eaoh.
Th* Complote Sporting Goods Stor*
jTtlDAY.. February 1«. l*lf
English Gabardine Coats
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Genuine English Gabardine Coats of finely woven fabric. With loose-fitting shoulders; full,
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ago, coats like these were selling at $20. All
sizes to 44.
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LIMITED    Copyright 1920 Hart Schaffner & Marx
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Stevenson Dealt With the
Proletarian Dictatorship Last Week
The meeting at the Empress
theatre last Sunday night was well
attended. After a few remarits by
the chairman, the first speaker, C.
Stephenson, began his address by
pointing out that the dictatorship
of the proletariat, as a political
measure and form of state power
has attracted much discussion since
It was put Into force In Soviet Russia. This discussion shows that the
high sounding catchwords and formulas of political democracy still
•erve as substitutes for facts and
Ideas fn many minds. So long as
working class control of political
power remained merely the programme of Insignificant minority,
parties ln various countries who had
accepted the Martclan theory of
struggle as an agent of political
development and working class
emancipation, little heed was given
to It, but the world has been startled into attention by the arresting
power of theory having become
faot In the former stamping ground
of bureaucratic Czarism. To many
people, the tertn dectatorshlp has
an offensive sound, duo to Its habitual association ln their minds.
With the despotic rule of military}
tyrants, absolute monarchs and ex
clusive oligarchies, such as we have
so many examples of in history.
Nevertheless all forms of state have
been and are class state dictatorships, All civilized societies have
grown up and organized themselves around the institution of
property. Thoy have been class
societies separated, broadly speaking, into two distinct economic
classes; on the one hand, property
owning class, and on the other, a
propertyiess class. The latter may
have been the chattel slaves of antiquity, the feudal serfs, or modern
wage laborers. The former1 clasa
have always been the monopolizing
owners of the matorial means of
wealth, production to which all
must have access to ln order to
live. Security of tenure ln possession by the propertied class, as
against the propertyiess class, has
always and everywhere entailed a
class state dictatorship. Property
as a social institution came Into
existence early on tn the barbarian
stage of culture when man's productive powers had reached that
stage of development when It was
generally possible for an individual
to produce a surplus 'ovfii* and
above that whioh was necessary to
his existence. Introduced into
primitive society by force of physical prowess and by fraud of the
priestly craft, the institution in
course of time, through the solidarity of Interest of the possesisng
class, gathered around Itself, as an
auxiliary to the physical power of;
the state, the moral and legal justification known as the "sacred
rights of property." In addition,
and what served to give the principle more Institutional stability
than anything else, age long habits
of life, daily routine activities conforming to and organized in accordance with the Requirements of
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
THURSDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY-Dance, 9 to 12.
Unusually Attractive
Are Our New Spring
Suits, Coats and
The styles and fabrics will be found
Intensely Interesting and Incomparably smart and distinctive—
you'll say so, too, the minute you
ste .them. And, "by the way,"
ladles, we are selling them on exceptionally easy terms of
A imall deposit will   put  you  In
possession  of  one.    There  Is  no ,^-_^_—
trouble to open an aecount here, and we do not charge
one single cent extra for the convenience. Come and Investigate!
HASTINOS ST. W.        Sey. 1361
Prptl't   Stnpg   OgMgUjj   PrnT<nca
the Institution, bred Into the con
sclousness = of all sections of the
people an almost universal unquestioning, unreasoning, habitual acceptance of the principle of ownership. In spite of that, however,
possession has always carried its
dangers and responsibilities. Even
though the principle of ownership
itself has seldom been challenged,
the ruling practice ln the life of
propertied societies has been, "That
he will take who has the power,
and he will keep who can," The
acquisitive Instinct, or the desire to
possess, however, when unchecked
In accomplishing Its ends by predatory methods, Is essentially destructive of human association. So
that, the centralized political state,
besides its chief function of protecting the propertied classes fr'om
the propertyiess class and keeping
the latter subject to exploitation,
has also functioned In keeping pre-
datlon within bounds among the
propertied classes themselves. And
no matter what tyrant or sectional
propertied interests may have dominated the state at any particular
time, lt has developed its functional powers as an agent of the possessing classes as a whole. Bourgeois society has Its own forms of
state conforming to its own system of plunder. It could not tolerate the marauding bands of feudal
barons or monarchlal despot, ruling In oriental fashion. Security
of capitalist investments and favorable conditions tot the pursuit and
development of industry, trade and
commerce, required civil order and
stability, consisting and continuity
of policy in the State administration of domestic and foreign affairs.
This requirement was progressively Realized In an Impersonal
constitutional establishment composed of legislative, judicial and
administrative machinery. The
monarch, once a personality as an
administrator, is now shrunk to a
mere symbol of kingly authority,
to a mere ceremonial functionary.
By reason that it is less personal
and moi'e machine-like in its organization and operations than older forms, the modern state, despite the democratic smoke-screen
behind which the dominant Interests work, Is alt the more a powerful and in inseparable instrument
of dictatorship. It Is the political
expression of the bourgeois property-owning class.
I think that for an Increasing
number of people lately, the term
dictatorship is losing its former
terrors. The power1 that lies in
words and phrases to rouse our
feelings of like and dislike is due
to their associations. For thc
common people, in all ages, dictatorship has meant evil things for
them; brutal oppressions, exploitation, toil and rewarded with unremitting poverty. But In Soviet
Russia dictatorship is acquiring
new and happier associations. In
that fortner land of Czarist tyranny,
tho dictatorship of the proletariat
is the political expression of the
working masses, who by tremendous efforts and heroic sacrifices aro
mining the Htructuro of a new society upon the ruin following on
the physical and moral bankruptcy
of capitalism. The dictatorship of
the proletariat In Russia, is the fo-
cusscd and centralized expression
of their collective will, a self-imposed discipline by which their collective efforts aro directed to creative social achievements which already have no parallel ln history
of mankind.
Whilst the forward nations, what
creative, social work are they doing amidst the growing chaos and
sooial misery? Nicholas Lenin, referring to bourgeois coclety a few
weeks ago, said: "Always lt competes and scrambles. It Is the antithesis of collective action. It cannot develop into social unity, or
into world unity." Arid he spoke
the truth. Capitalism ls organized
on a competitive predatory struggle for profits, Predation cannot
build. Its Inevitable outcome ls
social chaos and misery. When the
collective will of tho working class,
In all countries, for a socioty organized ou the common welfare, lt
will flnd political expression In a
dictatorship, a self-imposed discipline for the tremendous labors and
self-denials of the transition period.
We of the working class, victims
of capitalist anarchy and ages of
exploitation, do not fear our own
discipline. It Is Btated ln the platform of the Socialist Party of Canada, and we, Its members, constantly Insist on lt, that the Interosts of
the working class lies In setting
Itself free from capitalist exploitation by the abolition of the wage
Vancouver Unemployed Meeting, held on Cambie Street Grounds, lust Sunday aiternooii.
system, and In transforming capitalist property in the means of
wealth production Into socially-
controlled economic forces. That
is Communism, In order to do
this, the workers must first seize
control of political power for the
setting up and enforcing the economic programme of the working
clnss for production for use instead of for profit. In Canada our
problem has been and Btlll Is, the
gaining of the working olass for
thla programme. The numbers of
those who accept the Communist
position are comparatively insignificant.
Our policy Ib therefore, one of
education and propaganda. We
realize that if the Social Revolution
depended on education alone, that
It would never arrive, but we know
there are other - forces, impersonal
fortes and material conditions that
are undermining the foundations of
the present order. We know that
a social order based on production
for sale in the interest of-profit, Inevitably works out Its, process lo
lis own logical doom. .How long
that will be we do not know.
Broadly speaking, tbete aro two
moving factors in the process. On
the one hand, there are the developing material factors and conditions, and on the other there ls
the responsiveness of the working
class to those conditiohs. The responsiveness of the workers ls conditional on their1 ability to recognize conditions aB effects of certain
causes. Matorial factors and conditions are beyond our control, but
we can become conscious human
factors In the revolutionary - process by increasing the responsive-]
ness of our class through education and propaganda. Education,
so the workers may see the conditions which confront them; as being problems social In their nature,
as being effects whose root cause
lies in the capitalist class ownership of the material meAns ' of
wealth production. Propaganda,
for a collective working clnss effort, to Remove that cause of social
evils, and for a Communist organization of social life. When the
time comes, the more thero are who
understand and the more there ate
who know what they want, the
easier will be the birth pangs of,
the hew social order.
T O'Connor" commenced by a re
fronce to the great mass meeting
of the unemployed, . hold on the
Cambie street grounds In tbe afternoon. He had witnessed similar
meetings of that character before,
but a distinctive feature of thla
particular meeting was that all the
speakers were In aQCoiM on. one
point, that a solution of the problem of unemployment could not bc
found while tho capitalist system
prevailed. The speaker then proceeded to deal with the question of
charity, showing that this, too, was
an inevitable consequence of the
capitalist system of wealth production coming Into existence along
with capitalism, and was not capable of being solved while that social system prevailed. He then
pointed out that the workers, when
employed, were simply classified
according to their particular kind
of employment, such ns mlnerB,
loggers, laborers, etc. But not ns
men or women with rights or privileges. Being without property in
the means of wealth production,
the working class had no rights;
but were simply the slaves of the
property owning cIobs.
Handicraft   production  did not
Strike at Alberta Lumber
Co. Mill Becomes
A watchman employed at the
Alberta Lumber Co.'s mill on False
Creek, drew a gun and threatened
to blow the brains out of any of
the men picketing the mill posted
any strike notices on the telegraph
poles on the roadside adjoining tho
property. He was immediately arreBted and charged by the police
with carrying firearms without a
permit; a fine of $10 and costs
was imposed. It ls safe to say
that had it been one of the pickets
who was carrying arms and threatened the life of a scab, he would
have got ten years.
The strike took place on Friday,
Feb. 11, when 83 Japanese workers quit upon being notified that
their wages were reduced to 26c an
produce this problem of unemployment. With the Introduction of
factory production, and tho use of
steam driven machinery, unemployment came into existence, and haB
developed along with the improvements made from time to time, in
the machinery of production. The
slums of the great cities are populated by the cast-off, and worn-out
slaves of capitalism; unemployable
and not worthy of being purchased
by the capitalist class. The speaker styled the slums as belnlg Industrial scrap-heaps.
He then dealt wlh the institution of huge warehouses, and cold
storage plants, showing that at the
time the cupboards of the capitalist
claas were full to overflowing, the
cupboards of the working class
were bare and empty. The masters
could not dispose of their wealth
by selling it, as the markets were
glutted, and the workers could not
flnd employment for the very same
reason. A paradox characteristic
of the present social order, and one
that can only be eliminated by the
complete abolition of the wages
system. Dealing with the question of the state, the speaker then
showed that it was an instrument
used by the capitalist class, ln conserving their property rights and
ownership In thc means of wealth
production. A power for the repression and coercion of the slaves
of capitalism, the working class.
And the emancipation of the workers Implies the wresting, of this
power from the control of their
masters. And to accomplish this
task, education and the propaganda
of Scientific Socialism wtAi ot vital
Some peculiar and Interesting
questions were answered and explained, also an Individual took
the platform, advocating his own
theory of the abolition nf money,
and attempting to show thit the
workers have rights, and thc power
to change their slave position under capitalism. Suitable replies
were made by both speakers, and
a fine meeting was then concluded.
Next Sunday night, Jack Kavanagh will be on the platform.
■t..t~lr Hi ■! ■■■—■■»■—f
Sunday, February 20th, 1921
8:30 P. M.
PENDER HALL, Cor. Howe and Pender
Our New Btfce
are based on the best possible values this store
can get for you. We have the power to buy
and thc knowledge of where to buy best.
Suits and Coats for Men
and Young Men
are here for Spring wear. Tou will find them
unequalled at our prices.
45-47-49 Hastings St. East
hour, the new rate to be retroactive to Feb. 1. Although the white
workers were not similarly reduced, three of them went out In sympathy with the Japanese. About
20 white men and Chinamen continued to work.
The Japanese have their own
union, which at once sought and
reoelved the active co-operation of
the Lumber Workers Unlu, the
latter provided dodgers advertising the strike, and also furnished
a strong body of pickets.
The company ls hiring so-
called white men to act as scabs,
at 36c an hour for single men, and
40c for married men. Many of
the men bn picket are ex-service
men, a bosB who poses as one of
the mill-owners told the pickets
that he was indifferent whether
the mill ran or not, as he was a
millionaire, and he only operated
the mill to provide work for the
employees, nevertheless he offered
the pickets 60c an hour to go and
Scabs are being hired by the
government employment agency,
and when protest was made that
they had not posted notice of the
strike, and were not stamping the
employment cards with a labor
trouble stamp,, the Information was
forthcoming to ignore all labor
troubles where orientals were concerned, and that no strike notices
were to be posted in the employment office, although In those cases
where tt was white men (presumably good Canadian citizens) who
were on strike, the cards of men
taking their jobs were to be
stamped "strike" or "labor trouble." ThiB, however, not to apply
In those cases where orientals were
striving for better conditions.
In their desire to grab profits,
the employers are striving desperately to cut down prices of labor-
power, although the price of their
product is kept up as long as possible. By their action, they tend
to create the very condition Ihey
fear—the final elimination of the
profit system; for the desire to live
compels the workers to get together for mutual protection, and then,
by discussions of the conditions
under which they are working and
living, they get an understanding
of the principles upon whloh modern society is operated, and the
causes of the conditions of the working class. When this knowledge
Is sufficiently general, and the organization of workers resulting
therefrom complete, then good-bye
to the proflt system.
Government Fallen Down
on Job of Providing
Work or Eats
Annother parade and mass meeting has been planned by the unemployed of Vancouver and South
Vancouver for next Sunday afternoon. Last Sunday's affair was a
huge success ln every way, but
those who took to the sidewalks instead of In the ranks of the marchers, would have helped to lengthen
the line, which contained about
one thousand workers.
The weather wus Ideal for the
meeting, and a huge crowd (as per
picture) listened to the telling remarks of many well-known Vancouver speakers, among whom
were Dave Rees, J. 8. Woodsworth,
Jack Kavanagh, Sid Earp and Tom
Some disagreement apparently
exists between Mayor Gale and the
chief of police over permitting the
parade, but even though this Is not
settled by Sunday, permit or no
permit, the men are going to parade and meet to discuss their grievances.
Still Acute
The problem Is still aeute
throughout the Province, and in
spite of the fact that the Hon. Old-
eon Robertson, stated at the beginning of thts year that British
Columbia was getting more government work than any other Province in the Dominion, all the so-
called Jobs are still on blue paper.
The government has fallen down
lamentably on all its proposed
schemes, and the only work that
can be found for the vast army of
unemployed Is practically unproductive labor In the form of clearing up brush for varfious municipalities. With vast stores of untouched wealth ln this Province, ln
the hands of speculators and exploiters of labor, and thousands of
willing workers ready and willing
to turn this wealth Into mercantile
commodities, doesn't It seem ridiculous to put big, strong husky men
to work cleaning up brush and
chasing jobs? It sure does, but tt
Is the only system by which man
obtains a living those days, and Is
the basis of the present capitalist
ssyatem of production for profit,
Instead of for use.
While May Day has been set as
the closing date for the raising of
$5,000 Mr the Federatlonist, It
should be understood that we need
It. NOW.
New consignment of "Pritchard's
Address to the Jury," on sale at
i this ofllce. Ten cents, postpaid.
The Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store in the West
Just Arrived
Genuine Calf
Brown or Black
Shoes that three months ago would have sold at $14.00
per pair. We think they are the best value shown in the
West today. Genuine calf, Goodyear Welted soles, rubber or leather heels; in a variety Al A f\(\
of shapes «p 1 U.UU
Your Store, Co-operated Between Man and Man,
School Teachers
Involved in Strike
(Continued from Page 1)
were present. Notice was given the
secretary of the association by a
letter that increases amounting to
$18,285.00, had been granted by the
board and to quote from the letter,
"individual teachers who desired
can ascertain in the offlce the
amended amount against his or her
name." The secretary of the association had In the meantime requested a copy of the board's new
schedule and had been refused.
This revealed conclusively that the
board did not Intend to recognize
the Teachers' Association of thiB
city. On January 28 at a meeting
of the association the new schedule adopted by the board was discussed and the following resolution
unanimously adopted and ordered
to be sent to the board.
"Resolved, that the board's findings with regard to the readjustment of teachers' salaries for 1921
ls not satisfactory and the the
board be respectively requested to
re-open negotiations with regard to
the same."
As no reply was received to the
letter containing the above resolution the secretary, on February "8,
was instructed by the executive to
forward the following letter to the
To the Board of School Trustees:
"In the event of a refusal on your
part to re-open negotiations re the
salary readjustment. I was empowered by the association to request that you agree to submit the
same to arbitration, I might point
out that there ls a clause In the
Provincial School Act making it
legal for school boards to arbitrate
lf they desired lt, questions on
which they and their teachers failed to agree. You are to take this
as an offer on the part of the above
association to aubmit the salary readjustment to arbitration. As there
Is a meeting of the association on
Thuraday the 10th, I would be very
pleased to have a reply before that
date, that I may lay the same before the association for consideration.
Matter Was "Fixed"
A special meeting of the association, held on the llth inst. remained In session until the following
reply to the above letter was received:
"William T. Paxton, Esq.
"Dear Sir: At a special meeting of
the Board of Sehool Trustees held
this afternoon I was requested to
say that the trustees, in reply to
your letter requesting re-conslder-
ation of the salaries paid to teachers ln 1821, regard the matter ns
fixed and settled and not subject
tb further consideration or negotiation whatever.
It was immediately discussed an 3
the   secretary   was   Instructed   by
resolution to forward the following reply to the board:
"R. H. Oray, Esq.,
"Dear Sir: At a meeting of this
association this afternoon the
teachers, after full and calm deliberation upon receipt of the board's
letter refusing further negotiations,
unanimously decided that unless
the board meets the executive of
the association and makos arrangements mutually, satisfactory to
both parties, with regard to the salaries for this year, the teachers will
not be ln school on Monday.
Under the circumstances the
board's action ln refusing to reopen negotiations and also to submit the whole question to arbitration has placed aU responsibility
for what has occurred on Its own
shoulders, the association having
exhausted every means by which
a peaceful settlement could have
been arrived at,
Vancouver Also
A letter from the Vancouver
Teachers' Association has been received by Mr. B. G. Wolf-Merton*
secretary of the School Board, stating that the salary schedule adopted by the truatees at thslr last
meeting, Is not acceptable to the
members. An Interview with the
School Board is sought by the officials of the association for the purpose of having the matter re-opened.
Mr. J. W. Prescott, chairman of
the board, stated Saturday that the
letter would be read in the ordinary way at the monthly meeting of
the board Monday, February 21«
Parade Sunday
The unemployed arc intending to
have   another   parade   and   mass
meeting on Sunday afternoon.
Always look up the Fed. advertisers beforc making purchases.
DIET (Food)
Will   remove  the  Oause  of
your   Illness,   regardless   et
what lt may be.
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sanlpractlo Physician
Twelve Years'  Experience
Hours: Daily, 1-5
Mon., Wed., FrL, 1-1
Sey. 8533
Bay. 402SR.
14 Fairfield Building
Oorner Granville and Pender
New National Hotel
200 Outside Rooms
Special Rates by the Week
Ph. Sey.  7830—1221 Oranvllle
Central Hotel
Phone Sey, 6553
Night—Phono High. 405X
H. Walton
flpeclallit In   Electrical   Treatments,
Violet Kay anil High Frequency fsr
Rheumatism, Sciatica,  Lumbago. Pw
nlyuiH, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment*,
Chronic Ailments.
Phone  Seymour  2048
198 Haatinga Street Weat.
$19.75   $23.65   $29.65
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets


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