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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 10, 1921

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 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
INDUSTMAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
C 'asi a. _'
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOR?
=esas
THIRTEENTH YEAR. No. 22.
POUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY; MORNING,   JUNE 10,1921.
mo PER YEAR
Silesian Trouble Is
Result of Struggle
For Mineral Wealth
Question of Nationality Only One of Owning Interests. Berlin and Paris Bourses Are Real Centres
and Cause of Recent Outbreaks
BB
(By M. Philips Price)
IERLIN—Imagine Ulster In the
I middle of Europe, possessing
one of the most valuable coal-
Selds In the world, wtth smelting
furnaces, sine, lead and sliver ores,
with a primitive population, which
kas for two years been corrupted
ky nationalist and religious propaganda of two outside parties, interested one ln getting and the other
hi retaining control over the min-
sral wealth of these regons—Imagine all this, and more, .and then
fou will have a picture of the state
sf affairs In Upper Silesia today.
Up till 1918 Oerman banks and
companies were ln undisputed control of the Upper Silesia mines. The
German army wae broken and so
were the war dividends of the coal
magnates. Then came November,
1118. and French Imperialism discovered there was a Polish population In Upper Silesia and the fact
that their self-determination might
put the Paris Bourse ln control of
the Induatrlal area. As a matter
•f faot since the Armistice, Frenoh
capital ha$ bought up a number of
industrial shares In Upper Silesia,
tut the German owners still retain
s. majority of the shares and control. The conflict in Upper Silesia
ta only in a secondary degree concerned wth the question whether
there Is a Polish or German majority among the population of the
country. It ls primarily concerned
with the queston whether there ls a
Oerman or Franco-Polish majority
among the shareholders of the in-
lustries.
The Polish national movement In
Upper Silesia is artflcial and of resent date. The original Inhabitants,
the "Wasser Polen," had before the
War no strong national,- attachments. They formed the bulk of
the peasantry and of the miners
Ctd unskilled laborers. The skilled
bor, the Intelligensia and the government officials were, for the most
part, Germans. Then the coal-
owners began to Import cheap Polish labor from across thc Russian
frontier. The German artisans began not unnaturally to took on the
latter as blacklegs. The sharpening of the class conflict was the opportunity for the Polish nationalists, backed by the Paris Bourse,
to divide and rule Upper Sllealan
labor. From thie time on the Polish miners and Immigrants from
over the border were to be emancipated from German capitalism by
the Bank of France and Plerpont
Morgan. -
In the German Revolution of
1818, there was a temporary glim
mer of sanity in Upper Silesia. Labor, both skilled and unskilled, began to flock to the German trade
unions and to the Independent Socialist Party. A wage movement
began, which reached Its climax ln
August, 1919, In a strike. This
strike was suppressed by the Majority Socialist, Hoeralng, with hideous and relentless brutality.
Thus, during 1920, tho French-
subsidized Polish propaganda had
good ground to work upon. Kor-
fanty became the man who was so
wing to deliver Upper Silesian Labor
from Prussian Junkerdom and from
the German coal-owner. The miners left the German Independent
Socialist Party and flocked to the
P. P. 8. They also Joined the Polish trade unions. But they did this
not out of any belief in Polish nationalism, but because they thought
that the Polish parties and trade
unions would assist them more effectively ln their struggle against
the rising tide of Prussian reaction
and the Orgesch.
If one looks at the aocal aspect
bf the Upper Silesian problem one
finds that the quarrels over the
Polish and German territorial
rights lose muoh of their meaning.
The sovereignty of this or that
"profiteer republic" In Upper Silesia Is a question merely of Interest
to the Paris and Berlin Bourses.
Within the profit system there ls
no permanent settlement possible in
Upper Silesia. Temporary settlements may, Indeed, be made, and
it Is the duty of International Labor
to aim at securing, firstly, that
frontiers should coincide as far as
possible with the linguistic characters of the population, and secondly (and this is the really important
point), that the internationalization of the industries of Upper Silesia and the distribution of the products for the good of all Europe
should be attained. To be quite
frank, however, this Is Utopian, for
no syBtem based on proflt can admit these principles, But the mere
refusal of French and German capitalism to regard the Upper Silesia
minerals as an International asset,
would be the best proof that the
nationalist movements there are
really camouflage for the explolta-
ton schemes of big business. And
tf International Labor presses these
two points home, lt will be exposing the real cause of the political
anarchy and of the economic chaos
In such storm centres of Europe as
Upper Silesia.—Dally Herald.
What    about
subscription?
your    neighbor's
I
Workers' Council Is Arranging for Day's
Enjoyment
The picnic arranged by the
Workers' Council at Second Beach
next Sunday is expected to be a
great success. All workers are
requested to Join in and have a
good time. Bring along the kld-
dit>n and give them a day that will
remain in their memories for many
a long day Is the call of the council, and It is expected that the call
will  receive generous support.
Committees have been appointed to take care of all sides of the
slay's outing. There Is a catering
committee to look after hot water. A sports committee will Beo
that the sports are carried out
with precision. The council has
donated $20 for the purchase of
prises, and the catering committee
will provide tea for all.
IS
Comrade LipschHz of the
F. L. P. Has Interesting Subject
On Sunday last Comrade Barnard was the speaker in the F.L.P.
hall. Next Sunday Comrade Ltp-
schtt_ will speak, his subject being
"What Is Proflt!" It is hoped
that all who are Interested ln the
Socialist movement will attend to
hear Comrade Llpechltz, Who' has
been many years an active menv
bcr of various countries. Comrade
Speed will alao'gpeak.
Executive meeting June l.th.
Oj__er«) meeting June 21st.
A w.ll attended meeting at Coquitlam on Thursday last heard
Comrade Currle, who gave a
splendid talk on present day issues. Comrade Mrs. Corse also
spoke.
South Vancouver Unemployed Will Have to
Take Chance
Tlje committee that wa. appointed to interview Commissioner 011-
letple, of South Vancouvtr, reported that rtliat wark wa. bow
at an end, at tha rigul.r meeting on Monday night In the Municipal hall. They based their
opinion on the fact that the engineer had told them that timber-
men and pipemen would be hired
and kept at work permanently,
and that there would be no more
two gang system of employment.
The engineer also stated that the
men hired would have to deliver
the goods or be flred. One of the
committee atated he had pointed
out that If men are not well fed
that It Is Impossible for them to
give the best, and illustrated his argument by stating that it you do
not feed a horse he cannot work.
The delegates to the Worker's
council reported that theee would
be a picnic on Sunday next at
Seoond Beach and that on the following Bunday there would be >
meeting of the unemployed of
Greater Vancouver in the O. B. U.
hall,   j.
The secretary of the unemployed reported that there wore now
480 unemployed on the books
while, ln Janunry. Fobruary and
Match there were only 260, and
that the situation was becoming
worse.
A. 8. Wells addressed the meeting on the position the working
claas holds In society and urged
the workers to study their position in society as they would
need that knowledge ln the near
future.
Illil
ARREST THUGS    BOOKS OPEN
Porzlo, replying to a Socinlist deputation, promised energetic action
against the Fascisti.
The change, of course, follows on
__..v  lbisbiikc,   va   -uui.-i   luiiuno  vet    ti    _ - __ ....
the result of the election, which, #»*   <*-•*•   *_   Kavanagh   will   be
MOORE B HOWLED
DOWN AT CITY
Farmilo Gets a Noisy Reception—Called
Judas
"LEFT WING"  COMMUNISM
FOR SALE
Tills work by Lenin Is now on
sale at The Federatlonist office,
•ml should be road by every worker. Its treatment of working elates
iM-tlCH alone Is worth the price,
which Is 25c per copy.
Without counting the miners,
Great Britain has over two million
registered unemployed, and nearly
another two million on short time.
The number of unemployed In the
United States has long since passed
the five million mark. German-
made goods are flooding both countries, and the statesmen are still
at sea.
Blnghampton, N. Y.—Forte.Ve*
lona of New York City, an organizer for the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America, Is ln a hospital here in a critical condition as a
result of a brutal beatng and burn.
ing with acid by thugs. He was
working here tn a movement to or.
gnnlze the employees of the Ideal
Clothing Factory, which was re.
moved here from New York.
Audience Refuses to Let
International Officials
Speak
The meeting held in the Dominion Hall, Wednesday evening, under the auspices of the Vancouver
(International) Trades and Labor
Council, at which Tom Moore, president of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada, and Alf Farmilo, organizer for Western Canada of the A. F. of L., were scheduled to speak, lasted just one hour
The chair was occupied by F. W.
Welsh, president of the council,
and he had hardly uttered a dozen
words before he wns interrupted
from various parts of thu overcrowded halt. President Welsh
asked for a fair hearing, stating
that questions would be allowed
after the speakers were through,
but it seemed that a great many
had made up their minds that there
would be no speech-making.
From a dozen placeB In the hall
came continuous shouts for Welsh
to "sit down" and give-the platform to Tom Moore. Welsh, however, introduced Farmilo as the
first spenker. Upon rising, Farmilo
was Immediately met with a volley
of applause, and boos, and the cry
of "Judas" was heard from many
quarters.
When the nolBe had somewhat
subsided, Farmilo, with a smile on
his face, proceeded to thank the
audience for the "kind reception'*
given htm.   Farmilo told the inter-
all unexpected by the government,
showed anew the strength of the
Socialist Party.
But for the terrorism of the Fascisti (whichwas winked at prior to'
and during the election campaign),
the Socialists declare, wtth justice,
that they would have returned.to
parliament 200 strong.
The Fascisti went about tn bands
and attacked the Socialists and destroyed their headquarters in many
cities,
Government Changes Its
Attitude After
Election
Rome—The Milan police recently
raided the headquarters of tha
Fascisti, and arrested Pasella, thetr
national secretary-
Public announcement of , thla
sudden ohange In the government's
attitude towards these Black-and-
Tans of Italy was being made about
the same time In Rome, where the  endeavor  to organise all  workers
Under  Secretary   of  the  Interior,  !n tha city who are out of employ-
Will 'Hold   Organization
I   Meeting on Friday,
I June 17
Following the request of the
Workers Council, for all Labor organizations to open their books and
Sdmlt the unemployed to membcr-
fitp without payment of Initiation
fees and dues until work ts secured, the General Workers Unit of
the O. B. U. decided on Wednesday
rllght to throw the books open and
■went. To this end, a meeting will
be held ln the O. B. U. hall on
Friday, June 17, at 8 p.m.
It is expected that W. A. Pritch<
amqngsst the speakers. Final arrangements wtll be made during
jthe coming week, and announced in
.next week's issue of The FederationiBt. The committee which has
tjie arrangements In charge will
endeavor to haye at least jfour
speakers, who will give short addresses, and It is expected that
there will be a large number of
workers who wtll join the organisation.
m
I!
Teamsters Do Not Like
Action of Their
President
(By the Federated Press)
stern, Chauffeurs, Stablemen and'
Helpers of America, wilt be prc-r
Rented at the A. F. of L. convention'
In Denver ln June by the delegates
and Labor Council of thts city,
The resolution was adopted unanimously by the local body.
The resolution was urged by William F. Kehoe, secretary-treasurer
of the local central body, and Martin Lacey. Kehoe formerly was
head of a teamsters local here, and
the actual break between Tobin
and the general executive bonrd,
also known as the Board of Business Agents, occurred last February, when the old General Feder*
ated Union of New York was reorganized by Gompers. The team;,
sters' business agents were taker,
off the payroll and Kehoe's local pi
furniture drivers reorganized so.
that he lost control. However, he
assisted In the Gompers project to
disband the Central Federated-
Union, which had gotten out of thjs;
control of the A. F. of L. heads, and
became secretary-treasurer of the"
new Central Trades and Labor
Council. Now he has the backing
of the loeal teamsters, of whom.
there are twenty locals, In his demand that Tobin be investigated.
Patronize   Fed  Advertisers.
Employers Pass .Resolution Showing Their
Position
Winnipeg,   Man.—July   1st  may
New York—A resolution urging £ce a printers' strike in Winnipeg.
jThe open shop campaign, whtch Is
Spreading over the American continent, Is being carried on extensively here.    A branch of the master
the American Federation of Labor
to appoint a committee to Investigate the "autocratic" conduct of
Daniel J, Tobin, president, and the;
general executive board of the In* ifciass'-new organization, the United
ternatlonal Brotherhood of Teamr »TypeUiatae of America, has been
lORACEIT!!
Negroes Have Better Economic Position Than
Whites
Chicago—The underlying causes
of the race riots In Tulsa, Okla,
are economic, according to reports
received here by the Associated
Negro Press, a news gathering association of Negro papers.
"The girl on whom the attack Is
alleged to have been made has not
been heard from since the rioting
obtained," says the correspondent.
"Negroes have sworn that no lynching should happen ln Tulsa. There
have been other Instances when Negroes have protected members of
{heir race from threatened lynch-
Ings who were afterwards proven
Innocent of the charges preferred
t gainst them in regular court proceedings.
"Contributory causes aside from
the alleged assault are the better
economic situation among the Negroes as contrasted with the conditions which are to be found in the
poor white district immediately
contiguous to the Negro section.
Large numbers of whttes are out of
employment The Negroes are
more generally employed than the
poor whites.
''The attack of; the whites centered on Greenwood avenues, the
business thoroughfare in the Negro
section, and the homes of business
and professional men in this locality.
"The mllltla added to the gravity of the situation by directing Its
entire effort to quell the riot to dispersing, arresting and disarming
the Negroes, while the whites were
allowed to retain their arms and
continue their attacks on inoffensive and unarmed Negroes—women
and children as well as men."
established here, and it is preparing to fight to the utmost.
' .The Employers' Association of
H-Ilinltnba Is also in the flght.   The
representing   the   Central   Trader flowing    resolution     has    bcen
Ten thousand men are under,
arms in Mingo County, W. Va. It
is reported that the 2000 striking
miners are all under arms, and
that, thousands of other miners ln
McDowell and Logan counties are
armed and prepared to march into
Mingo county should the military
attempt tn disarm the strikers. The
strikers armed themselves agninst
company gunmen. Dozens have
been killed,
St. Joseph, Mo.—The Missouri
State Federation of Labor, at Its
29th annual convention, just concluded here, passed a resolution demanding amnesty for Eugene V.
Debs and the other political prisoners, and also went on record ln
favor of universal disarmament and
In opposition to any attempt to
create a state constabulary.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the office and get
them.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 FENDER STBEET WEST
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determintaion Leaguo.
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
WEDNBSDAY-Trades and Labor Council.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers and AVovkers
Council.
SATURDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.
Chicago—The Buck Privates Society of the American Expeditionary force, asked the nation to remember the living as well as the
dead on Memorial Day. Officers of
the society in Chicago, the headquarters, declare there Ih more need
for work and food at the present
?uptors'that lt"wouTd not heTp'their Itime than flag-waving.
case to Interrupt, neither would It
help to solidify the working class.
The Interruptions continued
every sentence, and he wsb continually told to sit down and let Tom
Moore speak. In one part of the
hall the words "sit down" were
sung continually, and finally Farmilo was heard to remark that "so
far as wishing to hear Moore speak
tt would be like casting pearls before swine." "Man never progressed by mob actions, and nothing of
advantage to the human race could
be expected from men and women
who have lost the power of self-
control," Farmilo got no further,
and finally gave way to Tom Moore.
Tom Moore received the same reception as Farmilo. Applause,
booB, hisses and cries of "Judas."
He faced the audience for ten
minutes while the noise continued,
and witticisms from all parts of the
hall were flung at him. Ht attempted one sentence, but tt could
not be heard, so he gave up, but
continued to face the audience with
possibly the hope of getting a hearing. But there was no letup. The
audience rose and sang the "lied
Flag" twice, and finally Moore told
the chairman to close the meeting.
This was done, and although the
platform was asked for by members of the audience, Welsh stated
that they were responsible for the
hall, and he would not turn It over
lo another body,
JuBt prior to the close of the
meeting, a banner was hoisted in
the hall, Inscribed upon which were
the words: "Judas went out and
hung himself, Moore and Farmilo
can do ditto."
After the speakers had left the
platform, W. Bennett moved the
following resolution, which was
carried: "Resolved, that this meeting of Vancouver workers, condemn
Prluliord on lho Island
W. A. Pritchard will speak at
Ladysmith Saturday night, June
llth. On Sunday he will speak in
the morning at South Wellington,
the same day in tho afternoon at
Northfleld, and Nanalmo at night.
Good crowds are expected at all
meetings.
PICNIC WAS A
SUCCESS IN EVERY WAV
Soutli Vancouver Workers Had a
Fine Time atKltsllaiio
Beach
The picnic at Kitsllano beach
last Sunday, held under the auspices of the South Vancouver
Working Women's League, was
great success. In spite of the fact
that most of those taking part had
been more or less unemployed dur-
.4ng the past winter, there were
prizes for the sports, and the kiddies had the time of their lives.
There were races for the tiny
tots, raceg for the children up to
the age of 14, and races for the
men and the women. The members of the committee in charge of
the sports were Mr. Mengel, Mr.
Jackson, Mr, Oraham, Mrs. Jackson and Mrs. Wood.
Judging from the remarks passed at the meeting on Monday
night, the picnic was an unqullfled
success, and there will be many,
similar events before the summer
ls over.
the actions of tho Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada and its spokesmen, Moore and, Farmilo, during
the trial and Imprisonment of the
men who were sent to jail In the
Winnipeg strike.".
adopted and sent to all employers
Jn the city:
"We, the executive council of the
Employers' Association of Manitoba, believe that nn arbitrary reduction in the number of hours
constituting a week's work Is unwarranted, as it restricts production and adds an unnecessary burden on the consuming public
through increased costs.
"'Especially do we condemn i
movement now under way for ti. re-
duetion" of the work week in the
printing industry of Winnipeg to 44
'hours. No evidence is presented
that the mental and physical requirements of the workers demand
h reduction, and we are firmly
convinced that the curtailment in
hours of labor will cnuse serious,
unnecessary and unwarranted loss
to employees, employers and the
.public.
"Therefore, be it resolved, that
the directors of the Employers Association uf Manitoba, earnestly
urge the employing printers of this
city to oppose and resist all demands for the 44-hour week; and
we recommend to the members
of this association and to all other
purchasers of printing, that they
encourage such resistance by every
^legitimate means at their command."
\ ' At the time of thc negotiations
'last year the agreement included
a clause calling for the 44-hour
week from May 1st, 1921. This
was done, but after being In effect two weeks the employers
furnished a notice on the UnionB
that this agreement would expire
on June 30th, and they would endeavour to enforce a 48-hour week
with a reduction in wn*es of 25
pei' cent, and the open hhop,
A total of 66' shops will be affected, and nearly 2500 employees.
For several weeks union inothbers
have been paying a Heavy assess-
mtnt, and they are anticipating a
lengthy struggle.
prominent official of the
Printing Trades Industry stated
today: "The boys stood out for
me weeks during tho 1919 strike
to aid other sections of the Labor
movement, and they ore confident
they can stay out longer, If necessary, to help themselves."
Armenian Cry Being
Revived in the U. S.
By Reactionaries
Soviet Government Has Been Set Up in Persia-
Near East Relief Trustees Plead for U. S.
Intervention to Save the Investments
(By PaulvHanna, Federated Praastnewi dlapatoh*. quote* above   ll
W
Miners Are Now Dealing
Direct With the
Employers
MOONEY IS REFUSED
A NEW TRIAL
The Judge Regards Him As Innocent, Hut Technicality
Counts
• San Francisco—In refusing a new
trial for Tom Mooney, Judge Harold C. Louderback based his decision on the fact that to entertain
the writ of audita querela would be
to make the people of California
defendants, which is against the
law. At the same time Judge Louderback made It clear that he himsolf regards Mooney as innocent,
but that his only recourse now Is
ln executive clemency.
As lt seems probable that Governor Sfophens will refuse the pardon, it will be up to thc next governor, whoever he may be, to free
Mooney and Billings, Meanwhile,
ex-Dlstrict Attorney Charles M.
Fickert, who sent these innocent
men to prison for life, Is being
boomed on the next mayor of Snn
Francisco.
(By The Federated Press)
New York.-—Leon II, RoUBe has
bcen re-elected to the presidency
of Typographical Union No. 6,
known as "Big Six" here by a four-
to-one vote.
Patronise Fed Advertisers.
Insurance Funds for Unemployed Are Being
Depleted
The number of workers on strike
or locked out as the miners are, ts
growing In Great Britain. Thousands of workers are on strike in
the cotton, wool and engineering
industries, these with the many
thrown out of work owing to the
miners lockout, make conditions
desperate in the Old Land.
One result of the enforced Idleness Is the attempt of the government to vary the unemployment
payments. In Introducing amendments to the unemployed insurance
act, the Minisstur ol' Lubor, Dr.
Maenamaru, pointed out that the
present fund would not last a
month, and that lt would be necessary to reduce the unemployed
benefits and to increase the contributions to the fund by the employers and the Btate.
In addition to the Industrial
troubles, there would uppcar to be
trouble looming up as a result of
the government's decision to decontrol agriculture.
In connection with the miners'
dispute, tho minors are now dealing direct with the employers.
Lloyd George's compulsory arbitration stunt collapsed dramatically. While Frank Hodges was declaring the miners wouid "fight forever against being compelled,"
George was telling the House of
Commons he really meant to
threaten to establish compulsory
arbitration. Meanwhile the districts wore beginning to speak
vpry definitely. The Scottish, South
Walos and Nottingham executives
turned down the government's pro
posal ns unworthy of discussing,
Hodges in addition lo his defiance
of compulsory arbitration, has restated the miners' claims. He declared that If statesmanship rejects
these ideas, then statesmanship
must provido an alternative. "I
hopo the coal owners, if they have
an alternative, will table lt quickly," he said.
The Russian trade unions have
made a grant ofllOO.000. This has
been followed by nn offer of 1,-
000,000 marks by German miners.
Staff Correspondent, Washington
Bureau)
A8HINGTQN. — How thoroughly events ln the Near
East are concealed from
the American public Is revealed in
an Associated Press dispatch from
Angora, Turkey, dated May 26,
The final sentence of this message reads;
The National Assembly has
sent a mission to Teheran to sign a
treaty with the new Persian Soviet
government."
It ls evident that the correspondent at Angora supposed every
one In the United Statea knew
that a Soviet government had heen
erected ln Persia. Yet, no previous hint of the event had been
printed here, and If State Department officials know of lt they have
considered lt unwise to share their
knowledge with tho public.
Any feeling that.the Angora correspondent made an error tn his
dispatch Is removed by another
news dispatch flled at Tlflls on the
■ame day and also printed obscurely ln American newspapers, Thta
Tlflls message reads in part aa
follows:
"Throngs of Bolshevik agents
and troops are swarming through
Persia and other parts of the
Middle East, where they are setting up Soviet rule , . Although
large estates are being divided,
good order prevails under the
Bolshevist regime. American Arms
are wtll treated, ther property and
trading facilities remaining
touched,"
Confession was made several
months ago that a)) British troops
garrisoned in Persia had evacuated toward the Persian Oulf, in
Mesopotamia. Later still the details of a treaty of amity and mutual deftnse between the Russian
and, Persian governments , were
published. But it was assumed
generally that the Persian government referred to was the old monarch isi regime.
Tht only doubt left by the two
Moscow—Work ln the printing
shop of the Commissariat for Education has been reduced, to six
hours and an Issue of milk has
been authorized. Au Investigation
In the match factory, "Fackel," disclosed the fact that most unsatisfactory working conditions existed
In the sulphurizing department.
The management will appear before a court on a charge of negligence.
The first Issue of the newspaper
Moscow, publishod by the Congross
of the Third International, has appeared with articles in English,
Gorman and French. Among tho
contributors to the Ilrst numbor is
Wflllnm D. Haywood. The papor
will be a daily record of the proceedings of the Congress.
The Butte, (Montana), Daily
Bulletin, radical Labor paper, has
suspended publication for one
month owing to financial difficulties. It hns been in existence since
December, 1017, and edited hy
Billy Dunn, formerly of Vancouver.
Institution and Habits of
Thought Topic Last
Sunday
The usual propaganda meeting
of the Socialist Party of Canada
was again well attended last Sunday night. The spenker or the
evening, J. Harrington, in a splendidly delivered lecture, dealing
with the customs. Institutions and
nnd habits of thought at present
In vogue, showed by illustration,
how mankind's distinctive characteristic as a superior reasoning animal, wth moral and ethical con-
epts unknown among the rest of
.tho animal kingdom left him helpless and stagnant before the very
forces of his productivity.
This was the cause of the unhappy condition in which the working class now find themselves and
pious wishes and lamentations will
not remove that causo. Tht speaker's Illustration of the unconsciously color blind engineer, sailing
along with the danger slgnnl
against him found much favor
with the audience. A social disaster must Inevitably come to a
society unable to correctly estimate the facts of Its social existence. The onus, the responsibility for a solution of its problem
lay with the working class. Only
by a complete divestment of the
viewpoint and ideulogy of their
Capltalst mastors could the working class achieve Its emancipation.
The Socialist Parly functioned
as a directing force towards social welfare. A study of its principles und a careful roading of Its
literature would prove this assertion correct. The confusion and
Btrife now In existence demonstrated tho fact that of all the
animal kingdom, mankind Is the
easier to fool. They had a choice
of government now, but economically they were in the same position as when they had no choice.
Tht facts of life must bo faced,
let the workers face them square-
ly, and not as their masters wanted thom  to do.
Interesting discussions and quostions followed the lecture. The
speakers next Sunday are T. O'Connor and J. F. Smith.
whether the whole* of'FMfa or
only parte of tt have' seftjip-Soviet
regimes. It la ifgiilflcpfct, however, that tha frendly'mlselon sent
from Angora by tha Natonallgt
Tnrks, la bound for ISeherati,
which la tha capital of Persia.
There la one very Interesting Indication tbat reactionary Americans are fully Informed about the
rapid spread of proletarian revolution In the Near Sast A press
dispatch eent out from New Tork
on May 26 began with the following sentence:
"The United Statea Congreaa hu
been aaked to exert preasure on
the Allies and on Turkey to atop
the 'atate of anarchy' In the Near
East and avert. Impending disaster to the Armenians under, the
control of the Nationalist Turks."
Thla. revival of the Armenian
cry is staged by the Board of Truatees of the Near Eaat Relief. Ita
memorial to Congreaa displays a
highly imaginative quality, Informing the natonal lawmakers at one
point as followa:
"It ls reported by absolutely
trustworthy Americana that Turkish Nationalists have proclaimed
that the mosques and minarets
destroyed In their conflicts with
the French they will rebuild with
the skulls of Armenians."
This bit of propaganda la endorsed by former President Taft,
Major-General Leonard Wood, Eli-
hu Root, Oscar 8. Straua, Myron
T. Herrick, Henry Morganthau,
Cleveland H. Dodge and othen of
similar humanitarian celebrity.
Some days befora lhe memorial was sent to Congress tho
Geneva correspondent of the
Philadelphia Public Ledger advised the world that Constantinople
wr.B likely soon to be wrested from
the Allied Invaders by the victorious army of the Turk Nationalists.
He had been told, also, that a simultaneous drive through Rumania
tnd Bulgaria would probably be
made by a huge Red Russian army
recently mobilised ln Bessarabia,
which would presumably we welcomed by all the Communist elements in the Balkans.
Bearing upon the aame precarious situation of the Allies In the
Near East Is the fact that the Turk
Nationalist government at Angora has fired from office the moderate foreign minister who consented to a truce with the French
commander In Syria. Wtth everything east of the Dardanelles mobilized along Pan-Asiatic lines, tba
time Js evidently near at hand
when the European invaders muat
flght or scuttle.
It Ib on the eve of this attempt
by the Near Eastern people to win
back their lands and control their
own fortunes that the American
trustees of the Near East Relief
pleads with Congress to send armies lest "the enormous humanitarian investment of American
philanthropy (over $60,000,000)
comes to nothing on account of
continued anarchy In the Near
East."
C.N.U.X. JOINS
U. S. COUNCIL
Calls Attention to the Unemployment of Returned Men
Delegates from the C, N. U. X.,
on Invitation from the United Soldiers Council, attended the meeting of the council in the City Hall,
Wednesday night, June 8. The delegates were Instructed from the C.
N. U, X. to take up the matter of
unemploment wtth the council, but
thc delegates of the other organizations wore not Interested. It was
pointed out by the C. N. U. X. delegates that thousands of ex-servlco
men and their dependents were in
noed, and that something should be
done at once to alleviate the sufferings of the unemployed. The matter of unemployment did not
trouble the council very much, but
the beer question was discussed at
great length. One delegate pointed
out that the only way to keep the
soldier organizations going was to
have both booze and beer for sale,
that the only funds coming In was
through the wet canteen.
Tho council has called for a mass
meeting for Wednesday next, to
take up the Oriental question.
Buy at a union store.
****+**>+**>*>*tr*i+**>+~*>*+**i*^
Organization Meeting
WILL BE HELD
Friday, June 17th,at8p.m.
—IN THE—
O.B. U.HALL
Corner of Pender and Howe Streets
Several Speakers Will Be in Attendance
All Workers Are Invited to Attend
S , , , S S . S S , S S ,"S S"Si S iSii,uSi S , 11 . , , . . . I . . . S S i, S S IS IS'1'1 , , i, .1 \i__j TWO^
TBtm-TENTH tbar. no. ,_  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancou ,_b. a a
..June It, 1921
fflE B. C, FEDERATI0N1S
Pabli-hed .very Friday morning by The B. 0,
FederationiBt, Limited
A.  S.  WELLS
..Manager
Offlce:   Room 1, Victoria Block,  342 Fend.r
Street West
Tol.phono Beymour 8871
Bubscribtion Bate,: United State, and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.50
tor six month.; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity ef Labor: ■ The Hope of the World
...June flO, 1921
IT is regrettable that the workers of
Vancouver did not give Tom Moore a
hearing on Wednesday evening. We
would havo preferred that he should have
beon allowed to talk, both from thc viewpoint of thc ' right of
4_ POINT OE every man to express
rWQirOJf   .himself,    and    because
, MR. MOORE Tom Moore can say more
.   , in ten minutes to dis-
' credit himself in the eyes of the workers
who have any understanding of their
position than we could say in a woek.
Comparisons are supposed to be odious,
but on this occasion wc will take a chance
by making one. It is not very long ago
that W. A. Pritchard returned to Vancouver after a year's sojourn in gaol. On
that occasion at least seven thousand
people assembled at the C. P. R. depot to
welcome him, and on the day following,
twelve thousand people gathered on the
Cambie Street grounds to hear what he
had to say.
• » •
. We havo repeatedly been told by International union representatives that the
0. B. U. is dead, so we can take it that
the twelve thousand that turned out to'
hear Pritchard on his return were not by
any means supporters of that organization. It can also be lassumed that those
who gathered at the Dominion Hall on
Wednesday evening were not members of
the 0. B. U.; in fact, at least 80 per cent,
-of those present were members of International unions such as thc Longshoremen, Street Railwaymen, Shipyard Workers and other organiaztions affiliated with
the American Federation of Labor. The
demonstration against thc head of the
Dominion" Trades Congress cannot therefore be considered as an 0. B. U. outburst, but as an expression of the general
feelings of thc workers of all shades of
opinion towards both Moore and the organization of which he is the head, and
may we suggest that it was also a protest against the alliance between congress
and the Minister of Labor in the prosecution of Russell, Pritchard, Johns and the
rest of them who went to gaol as a result of the Winnipeg strike.
. t. 0}
As already stated, we would have preferred to have had Moore speak and
demonstrate his lack of understanding of
the working-class position, and which in
a statement to the Vancouver Sun he exposed when he said:
"There is no doubt that thc unemployed situation, causing many otherwise reasonable men to be almost
desperate, had much to do with tonight's demonstration, as many
showed signs of being in desperate
condition, and men in that Btate are
not in a frame of mind to hear
statements regarding thc conditions
surrounding    theni:    they    want
action."
• •_ *
Perhaps Mr. Mooro has not been made
aware of the fact that on every possible
occasion during the past winter the workers of this city were at all times ready
and willing to listen to speakers who were
explaining the position which they held,
and" that nothing could bc done for them
on a permanent basis under capitalism;
men who told the unemployed that instead of thcir being any prospects for
improvement in tight, thc future must of
necessity hold greater suffering for them.
The only difference between the men who
told the workers these things and Mr.
Moore was that they knew what they were
talking about and at the same time had
on all occasions played thc game with the
workers and never associated with the
employers as Moore has done. These men
could not gain admission to a Canadian
Club luncheon to lecture the employers,
because thc employing class has no use
for them. It is only thc compromisers and
the toadys to the ruling class that can mix
with members of Boards of Trade and
such like employing class institutions.
•■'."■•>        jt
Mr. Moore also had something to say to
the press, with reference to the Federationist. Unconsciously he paid a tribute
to this paper when he said: %
"It's rather to be regretted that
the workers have been misled by the
B. C. Federationist during the last
two years as to allow themselves to bc
carried away as they were last
night."
, He also insulted the workers of this vicinity, and for his information we would
liko to point out that he can neither lead
or mislead the workers; they are not to
be led; they have brains and know how
to use them; and in stating that thc
workers had been misled by the Federationist, he very evidently gave them no
oredit for haying any grey matter. But
we will at least give them credit for being
able tp see through Mr. Moore and all that
he represents: his efforts to educate thc
employers, his compromises with the ruling class, and his general lack of understanding of the workers' position, or his
wilful betrayal of tlieir interests; he can
take his choice. The workers of the west
have taken theirs, aud they prefer a man
who has been in gaol for his opposition to
the ruling class to one who associates with
the members of that class, and is rated by
them as a "groat leader." This type of
labor misleader, as Mr. Moore no doubt
by this time knows, cannot but earn the
contempt of the working class of this vicinity, while those who arc discredited by
thc ruling class aje always welcomed and
listened to. Mr. Moore can ponder over
these words in his loisure time, for the
future holds much worse in store for
those who betray the workers.
MR. S. R. PARSONS, speaking at thc
annual convention of the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association during the
wcek^laid the blame, for stories of industrial unrest on labbr leaders.  The most of
this type of human being
THS Wj/Jt that we have seen is usu-
AND ally found engaged in at-
THE BRIDGE tempting to cover up any
unrest that may be prevalent, and to harmonize capital and labor;
in other words to bring harmony between
thc two contending forces. The unrest,
therefore, cannot be laid at thcir door.
Mr. Parsons, however, asked "where thc
great gulf was that they sometimes heard
of between capital and labor." We do
not know whether the gentleman who
asked thc question is as ignorant as he
would appear to be, but as there arc many
workers who do not see how and why that
gulf exists, nothing will bc lost by locating the cause of a gulf between capital and labor that will never be bridged
by platitudious utterances, and ruling
class aud labor leaders' sophistry.
# * *
The gulf between capital and labor is
human slavery—nothing more and nothing less. Since man was able to produce
more than was necessary for his sustenance slavery has existed. Beforc he had
accomplished that there was no profit in
holding a subject class in subjection, and
consequently there was no subject class in.
existence. Under chattel slavery the
slave was the property of an individual. Under feudalism the slave
was thc property of the lord of the
manor and tied to the land. In both cases
their slavery was apparent and needed no
elucidation. But as machinery was
brought into use a new form of serfdom
sprang up. There was a conflict between
the feudal lords and the rising bourgeoise. Thc feudal serf was freed from
the land to become a wage slave, and told
that he was now a free man. The fact remained, however, that he was no more free
than he was under chattel slavery, or feudalism. He now became the slave of a
class instead of an individual. His labor
power-became a commodity, to be bought
and sold on thc market just the same as
butter or potatoes or any other commodity
produced for sale. No doubt men of Mr.
Parsons' stamp will, along with capitalistic-minded workers, deny this and point
to the human equation and how the capitalistic governments have legislated to
free the workers from many of the disadvantages that they have suffered from
in the past. This may bc perfectly true,
but then the sam* governments have legislated as to how butter and other commodities must bc sold. Eight-hour packages
of labor power do not very materially
differ from 16-ounce packages of butter,
with one exception, and that is that the
butter can be placed in cold storage until
it is needed, while labor power cannot bc
stored up in that manner.
• * *    '
The flrst cvideneo of the gulf between
capital and labor is seen when the worker
socks to dispose of his only commodity.
Right here there is a clash of interests.
The workers endeavor to secure as much
for their commodity as possible. Thc employers' interests are to buy it as cheap
as possible. From that point the struggle
between capital and labor must continue
until the final struggle for the'ownorship
of the means of wealth production is
reached. This is the culminating point of
thc class struggle. That this is now on is
proven every day. It will become more
and more pronounced as the days go1 by
and tho workers are compelled to starve
more and more bcesuse of their productivity when employed. The gulf betweon
capital and labor will become more pronounced and clarified as thc struggle on
the part of the wage slaves for existence
becomes more and more fierce. Not beeause thoy will, but because they must,
thc workers will be compelled to bring
about a new order or starve to death.
They and they alone can bridge the gulf,
but not by words but by deeds. Thc
bridge between capital and labor will be
built by thc workers when they once and
for all abolish thc system which creates
human society into two hostile camps. In
that day classes will be wiped out and the
division caused by the enforced slavery of
one class to another will be abolished.
Until that time workers will suffer from
unemployment. They will bc called on to
flght in thc interests of their masters*
property. Wars will follow wars, and
misery booome more and more severe. But
that increasing misery will bc thc whip
that will drive thc slaves of modern capitalism to take the power to rule and to use
the means of wealth production for the
production of things for use, and by so
doing brinlf abgut their <»yn emancipation,
may be infected with the poison of
communistic doctrine." '-,-.■ .j
♦ • *
The church in its infinite wisdqpi^afaji
mercy, has for generations sought-to get
hold of the children. Not only did —0
priests endeavor to mould their plastic
minds, but they succeeded to a greW extent. In their youth they were taught to
respect their "betters," to be content
with the position that God had' been
pleased to call them. This was and is still
in the interests of the present ruling class.
The workers, however, realize that if certain ideas are not inculcated in thc minds
of the children, it will not bc 1100088817
at a later date to eradicate them. In this
they show their wisdom and have copied
their masters' tactics. The workers' Sunday schools are not, however, used to
teach the children that thore can be no
change made in the conditions under
which the working class lives, but to impress on them thc necessity of bringing
about a change in human society.
That this change is necessary is evidenced on the front pages of the newspapers in Vancouver this week, on which
appear appeals for holp so that some of
the children of Vancouver may have access to fresh air and a clean environment.
The Vancouver Morning Sun carried the
two following appeals during the week:
GIVE THEM A OHANCE!
Let the homeless kiddies enjoy the
bracing sea air. Send your contribution to The Vancouver Sun's Ifrcsh
Air Fund today.
THE FREE FRESH AIR
, is the God-given property of every
kiddie in Vancouver,. Make it possible for them to enjoy it. J_ubscribe
today to The Vancouver Sun Fresh
Air»Fund.
We suppose that the worthy bishop
thinks it a crime to teach children, whom
thc capitalistic press admits are homeless
and sunless, that it is not necessary .for
them to have to remain in the position that
a ruthless system of human slavery has
called them. No doubt he would have
them believe that a God of love chasten,
eth those whom He loves, especially little
children, by denying them what the press
calls a God-given right; that they should
be homeless because of the fact that human society denies thcir parents the right
to secure the necessities of life for their
children. Such is thc outlook offered by
the church if thc bishop is an expression
of that institution. ' Wc can only wondeij
that the people have not before,-'.this!
realized that the present church is but tho
apologist for the present system of society^
and that as soon as it voices the complaints of the people thc source of its.siip-
plies is cut off, Thc ruling class withdraws its support, as it did when' tho
inter-church movement reported on' the
U. S. Steel strike. Suffer the little ,'#ul-
dren to come unto me, was the cry of the
lowly Nazarene, but the cry of the modern church is, let the children starve and
be homeless and sunless if it will interfere with the profits of the ruling class.
We prefer the gospel of the Commuists
notwithstanding the worthy bishop's lamentations. They arc endeavoring to give
the children fresh air and homes which
the present system denies them.
They are going to educate the people
to use run of the mine coal. Will they
also show the worker out of a job how
to use itf
Is Seat of Reaction in Germany Since Earner
Regime
Has Huge Armed Force
and Great War
Supplies
(By Louis P. Lochner)
(Fede-ated Press Staff Correspondent)
Berlin, Germany—Bavaria continues to be the object of chief concern for German antl-imperiallsts
and anti-militarists, especally for
the forces of Labor. Ever since
the Communist regime, led by the
late Kurt Eisner, was overpowered,
Bavaria has been the seat of reaction In Germany. It is there that
German generals sought to refuge
and hatched out plans for the re-
cstabilshment of militarism In Germany. It is thore that the notorious "Orgesch" (Organization Es-
cherlch, a military band, called after its leader, Escherich), flourishes
undisturbed. .
But until quite recently nobody
knew exactly how formidable the
Bavarian military forces were. In
a debate ln the Bavarian landtag,
or assembly, however, Secretary of
State Schweyer spilled the beans.
He admitted that the Elnwohner-
wehr, or state militia, consisted of
320,000 men and that this force
had at its disposal 240,000 rifles,
2780 machine guns, 44 light cannon
and 34 trench mortars. He used
these figures to prove to his satisfaction that such a "small" force
could never constitute a political
danger, and that this force could
never be used for services outside
of the country.
Labor was quick to retort that
this force, precisely because not intended for foreign service, constituted a great menace to the workers. The very argument which
Schweyer used in defense of the
system—namely, that the Elhwoh-
nerwehr consisted of volunteers
who accepted no pay—was used by
Labor to show that if these men
were wealthy enough not to need
pay for their time, they were obviously there as the defenders of
capitalism and as champions of
"law an<) °''der" in industrial disturbances.
Labor further used comparative
statistics with telling effect. It was
pointed out that the Bavarian Ein-
wohnerwehr was larger by 220,000
than the entire Relchswehr of Germany, and that lt had at Its disposal 140,000 more rifles and 1000
more machine'guns than the entire
'forces of the nation.
LETTERSW 1
JUNIOR LABOR
LEAGUE NOTES
The Vancouver Sun does not think
that machinery displaces human labor.
A look over the industrial countries will,
however, dispel any such illusions.
Now that tjie Sun and World have
clashed the sparks will fly. No doubt we
shall get a little of the truth as to how
governments and newspapers work. While
the struggle between these two papers
continues the workers will gain a little
insight into the respective merits of capitalistic newspapers and governments that
should at least be enlightening.
IT is peculiar how supporters of the
present system think that a method
adopted by themselves to hold the progressive forces in check should not bo
copied by those who oppose them. Bishop
de Pencicr, speak-
THE0HUE0HAND ing at the Anglican
THE WORKERS*    Synod held at New
SUNDAY SCHOOLS Westminster during
thc past week, took
very strong exception to the workers "having Sunday schools of thcir own.  Among
other things this worthy upholder of thc
prCaqnt Bystcni. thai creates vice, misery,
and aU that is evil in human society, said:
"Those who are trying   to   bring
about the overthrow of our present
industrial   conditions   arc   showing
their wisdom by  liot  ignoring thc
children,  fli tlie-pians for fomenting
revolution Sunday by Sunday, especially in thc  great industrial districts  of the  homeland,  boys and
• girls are gathered togv-t,a.r tl.at they
The Qreat War Veterans of B. O. in
convention went on record as being in
favor of universal military training for
all males between the ages of 18 and 21,
The plea on whioh this service is aaked,
is for the defense of Canada and national
health. So far as wc can see the only
source of attaok on this country is the
United States, and if that is so, then
Canada*could never raise a force which
would be strong enough to resist any
American foroe that might be sent to iterate against it. Reason number one u
therefore discredited. Thc second reason, in the interests of national health, is
nothing but camouflage. The movei^qf,
the motion, according to reports, asked
that the suggested legislation require
that companies and platoons of battalions
so formed be stationed in all the centres
of population to avoid unnecessary travelling and that cadet corps be established in all high and public schools in towns
of 1000 population or over, if not already
established, and to be provided with
suitable instruments.
In the provisions asked, for may .be
found the real reason for the request for
universal military service. The localising of the military bodies would be vory
handy in labor disputes, and in view-of
the fact that many of the officer class
wcro delegates from colonels to captains
and members of the provincial house,
there may be more in the suggested military service than appears on the surface,
The British workers, however, have given
a lead that might be adopted in this country should any such scheme go through
when thc locked out miners joined
the defense forces. That would certainly upset all calculations. But then our
friends of the officer class who fought to
let'eat militarism, would never think of
mch tactics boing adopted in this coun-
'ry. Wc pass the suggestion on to oui
' .iiHilary enthusiasts.
The debate beid last Saturday
evening under the auspices ot the
J. L. L., between two members of
the league, Comrades L. Corse and
B. Morrison and two challengers. Messrs. It. Perry and A. Mc-
Nelsh, demonstrated very clearly
the two channels in which thoughts
run today. Since there were no
judges, It Is Impossible to state who
were the victors, and since apace
dots not permit of a full report,
only those present at the debate
can judge for themselvea as to
which presented the best case. One
criticism, however, can be offered,
and that ls regarding the seeming
inability to "keep to the point."
The challengers Beemed the worst
offenders in this regard, for instead
of proving that capitalism serves
the best Interests o** the world, and
arguing In support of capitalism,
it appeared that they aimed to
point out the Incapabilities of the
workers. The negative also on one
or two occasions, got off at a tangent, but in the main hewed to the
line. Comrade Corse dealing wtth
the Socialist's Indictment of capital-
Ism, and Comrade Morrison attending chiefly to the arguments Introduced by the affirmative. After the
diseusslon, In which several took
part, refreshments were served, and
dancing was indulged ln. The
league hopes to run similar events
fortnightly during next season.
The educational meeting tonight
will be held at 8843 Windsor street,
at 8 p.m. The next meeting will
be held In the olub rooms, 62 Dufferln street west, on Friday, June
24. This wtll be an Initiation and
business meeting. For information,
phone Fair. 30231,.
Vancouverites on tue Prairiea
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: That
the master class made a mistake
by shipping the "undesirables"
from Vancouver, ls now a well-
known fact. Etxra gangs working
for 86c per hour are composed
mostly of Vancouver proletariat;
they are on-the job at any meeting
of any kjnd, and make themselves
conspicuous by the lusty and earnest manner in which they sing the
"Red Flag," whenever the occasion
demands. At a political meeting
held in Klndersley on June 2, the
stalwarts were on the job, with red
ribbons in their button holes, and
flaunting their C. N. U. X. cards,
they occupied a prominent section
of the theatre. After the candidates (Mr. Harvoy, Independent)
(?) had spoken, the light weights
opened flre. They wanted to know
what he was intending doing to relieve the unemployed situation,
when he returned to the gas house,
drawing a sordid picture of the
condition of the workers throughout Canada in general, and Saskatchewan in particular. The "lightweight" pointed out the Indifference of the ^politicians to the work-
esr and their conditions. The gas-
artist replied that he was unaware
of any unemployment problem in
Saskatchewan, whereupon he was
given a good Vancouver hai ha!
with such interjections as 'wake
up," "Where do you get that stuff,"
all of which confounded this hayseed speaker to such a degree that
he mopped his brow and sat down.
Democracy was trotted out next,
and wns relegated to the sidetrack
in short order by the reds. Drawing a comparison between the
sleeping accommodations of British
Columbia and Saskatchewan, the
reds wanted to know lf that was
known to the speaker, pointing out
that we have to sleep on hare
spruce boards, without even straw,
on "our railroad," In "our province of Saskatchewan." This, of
comae, troubled the kind-hearted
man so much so that he told us
stiffs that he was not aware of the
fact that returned men were living
in such conditions. Ths was the
signal for more hilarity, boots, etc.,
from the reds. Thon the speaker
was floored by the remark, "The
C. N. R. wasn't built yesterday?"
whereupon he again began to mop
his freely perspiring brow, and sat
down after draining the jug qf
water. The show was good, the
boys in fighting trim, and when he
waa told that the day was coming
when the workers were going to
show him how to carry on the affairs of the nation in the interests
of those who do the useful work,
produce for uae and not for profit, he mopped his brow aome more.
Throughout the entire bombardment, the local stiffs were with us,
applauding almost continuously.
The chairman (who was a little
shaky at the knees), then called
for the National Anthem, that settled lt! The rumbling of the "Red
Flag" above the shuffling of feet,
and a few female voices trying
their best to be heard, Intermingled
with unprintable adjectives and
modifying adjectives, the crowd
broke through into the street. Thus
ended one of the strangest meetings Saskatchewan had ever- witnessed. The boys want to see these
prairiea filled with reds, saying that
this fs the place where thc stiff
needs education. Vancouver, send
your best, and help us to carry on,
From the Saskatchewan front line
trench.
GEORGE BROWN.
Moscow—The all-Russian central
executive committee has resolved
to Instruct tho people's commissariat of nationalities to draw up a
draft decree reoogntzing the new
autonomous Republic of the Crimean peninsula and to send a
special commission to Crimea to
co-operate in solving the land question.
Moscow—Two hundred and titty
members of the graduating class of
the Moscow Collegt for the trade
union organisation work, have gone
to various parts throughout Russia
to devote themselves to strengthening the unions. The college ib conducted by the Ail-Russian Central
Trar.e Union Council.
One dollar and fifty cents ls the
cost for a -fllx months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
—HOME-
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
Wo want you to come to
this store with confidence
that you can buV Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.
No Greater Opportunity
lor   the    Working    Men
BUV JN THIS STORE
HEMEMBEK THI!
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Plume Soy. 13*.
MENTION TBS FEDEBA-
TIONIST .nl |.t your 10
psr csnt. discount.
Eiclu-ive Designs in     I
Sterling Silver
Fnr June Weddings
Of all the gifts received hy
the bride none surpass sterling silver ln utility and none
engender greater pride in
possession.
Let us suggest a gift from
among these:
X» Seti Bon Ben THsbm
Flowor Basket i Almond DUbti
Flower Vum Sandwich Plates
Salts and Poppori Saaceboata
Bntter Diihes Etc., Etc.
A recant shipment of English
Sterling Silverware adds considerable value to oar thawing -of
June Bridal Gifts.
GMam
The House of Diamond*
180-480 Granville Street
M Comer Pender Street
Stomach Trouble
Guaranteed Cure for Fits—Eioeps
Inherited—Heart, Nerve and
Stomach Troubles
Ml PENDER STREET EAST-
NOTICE
The Stettler Cigar Factory, 140 Water Street, Is
advertising for female
help. This is now as unfair shop. Don't scab.
•Tort Woo*       -i.
LOKO TACK BAH
Oriental Wonder Worker
Ottor Big rutins
New York—The Amalgamated
Clothing Workers scored the greatest victory ln the history of the
needle trades when the Clothing
Manufacturers Association of New
| York agreed recently to sign a
union shop agreement, thua ending
,t*ie 24 weeks' lookout ln the clothing industry. Impartial machinery
for settling disputes, which was
.destroyed by manufacturers, will
be re-established. Sidney Hillman,
'president of the Amalgamated
Clothing "Workers, said: "The
agreement is a death blow to the
'open shop' and to the sweat shop."
Seattle—Destruction of the 8-
hour day is tbe aim of the Loyal
Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen,
tlnown as the Four Ls, an employers' union. The Lumbermen's
Association is conducting attacks
on wagea and conditions lu the
mill* and camps of the Northwest,
accoi'dtiB to I'.esiUeni Buy ll. Canterbury of the 'i iir borworkers
Union. Vt'oo-fl and mil! workers
are being ht'ed put of Seattle now
for \\2.% a dny.
New York.—Onco more It has
been discovered that overcrowding
and poor living conditions cause
disease and death, The Department of Health, tn a roport showing that overcrowding has Increased here 25 per cent, says the
bcctlonB most seriously iver-
crowdod show thc highest infant
death rate and the greatest proportion of dlsaase,
EMPRESS
Phone Ser. *«»
NEXT WEEK
"The Three Twins"
Musical Comedy
Theosophy
Public locturs, SOHOAT EVENIHO,
Sana 0, tt Boom 22s Dtracin Bid,., it I
o* clock.
SUBJECT:
"Tho Idsals of ths ancient Irish'
Spsakor:    MBS. E. g. TEEMJi
Whero is the Union Button?
Expiration of Lease
\0°/o to 2S<?c
Below Regular Prices on All
TRUNKS and SUITCASES
Imperial Trunk and
Leather Ooodi
3.18 HASTINGS ST. WEST
Between Hamilton & Homer
Dental
Plates a
Specialty
The art of dentistry li sumpMed
ta tta. highest degrss of efflcisney at
this oslobllshm.nl. Clients will Ind
tho charges as pleoslof as ths ssrrica
rendered.
Crowns, Brldfos aad Fillings aado
tho tamo ohodo a« your aotaral
tooth.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Establishment
OAB   ORANVIIJuIB   STREET
QUO        Corner Bobaon
Over Owl Drue Store.   Ber. US*
Model Cafe
ST OORDOVA ST. W.
ALL WHITE HBLP
Beet ot Food and Service at
Reasonable Prices
Union House
ORPHEUM
theatreIh
THE HOME OF OOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee 2:80
Evenings 8:20
Tlie Original Famoua
King's Cafe
21* CARRALL STREET
Best Heals for Less Money
We Cater to Working Hen
Ring up Phone Seymour 911114
for appointment
Dr.W.J.Cuny
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FURNITURE, STOVES,
BEDS, Etc., at cost Our stock
It Big .and so are our Bargains. Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Sold.
Love & Co.
AVCTIONE__RS— DEALERS
Pbone Seymour IMS
57» SEV-MOUR  STREET
*UNION MAN I
In that dark hour when eympa-
thy and best service eount se
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
U« KJNGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Phono Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phono Sey. aai     Day or Night
NUNN AND THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
SSI Homer St. Vancouver, B. C.
Greateat Stock of
Furniture
In Greater Vancouvor
Replete In every detail
Hastings Familiire Co. Ltd.
el HastUfs Street WoM
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
HENRI DAHL, Prop.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
*M Abbott St.    Vanoouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fate
Prloea
Fair view: Office and Chapel
S398 OranvUle Streak
Phon* Bay U00.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, 128 Sixth St. W,
Phone N...V. lit.
Mount Pleasant:   Offlee and
Chapel, .III Main St.
Phone Fairmont It.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1110
Bnndoy osrvleso, 11 oja. aad 7,10 i _
__-day Khool lamcdlotslr follow!-,
awning oo-vlso. W-dasoday too tlao-ia.
--.tlnf,   t   pja.  froe  raadlnf  ttt
l-tol BlrkaBlii.
toil
8EABT TO HSLF A MAK WITH
HIS BUSINESS
With trado miring, ovory rellonoo
auy bo placed on tho lelsphons,
which Is nth a principal factor la
indusl.Isl developmsnt. British Columbia is particularly fortiaato la
thst telephone lines rsdioto from tho
principal oities to air points so thst
lnstont means of communication art
always available.
BBITISH OOLT/IIBIA  TELEPHOUE
OOMPAKT
.    BB IUBB TOU OBI
VAN BROS.
WH_Jf TOU ASK KB
-CIDER-
ud Non-alcohoU- wUei of an
ONION   MEN'S   ATTENTION «UDA1..
...June 10, 1921
THinTKi_N«-H YK.ut.  no. 82     THH BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, a c.
r.'-GE THREE
You Can't Be Your
Own Dentist
Up to a certain point you can, by care and clean-
lineBs, preserve the beauty and efficiency of your
teeth. But when hidden troubles sound danger
warnings—when your feature* show the devitalising effect of bad teeth—then you need the expert
.: dental attention I offer.' If you have reason to
believe that your teeth are not in proper condition
i me now and have the trouble corrected.
Its Oost
Beat.of all. the coat ot
Betting thia attention is
much lower. On all genoral work my reduction
In prices is as much as
21 to it per cent. Let me
give you my estimate.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINOS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
PHONG SEXMOT-R 3S81
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
Evenings
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
poor1 quality  bacon  and  sausage,  ours.   Tbe meals ar* 60c straight,
Thu place la a regular work shop;
boss watches you nearly all the
.time. He would Uke a bunch coming and another going, and another
imnch working If possible.
An Open Letter to the Rank
and File of the Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of Canada
Being an Exposition of the Theory of
Organization within the One Big Union
DB. BRITT  ANDERSON, ftmurly number ol ths Fseulty ofl!.
College et Dsatlstry, CilfMslly o( 8o_t_.ru O-llforala, Lseturs.
an Orown and Brldf swork, Dtmeutrater in Plstswor. and Opera-
tlvt Dsntlstry, Looal and Qsnsral AnsssthssU.
sHa
Fort Worth, Texas—C. M. Smith
has been arrested by city detectives on the ground that he ls an
I. W. W. organizer and lodged In
Jail. The only "evidence" against
him consists of application cards,
membership books and card cases.
He had been here for two montha
before he waa arrested. Another
man, name not given, who was arrested with Smith, has been released.
"Left Wing"
Communism
An Infantile Disorder
(By Nikolai Lenin)
NOW ON SALE BT THE B. 0. FEDERATIONIST
Price: Single Copies 25c
Ten or mon copies at tho rate of 20c por oopy, portage
paid.   Oet yonr orders in quick, m there' will not
be a second edition.
Far Iwsair Tsars we lava Istud Ihis Oaiaa Itwp fat ue salsa ear
VOLUNTARY ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAID millSi:
rwetfal OaUaeUva Buislalai
rat Mis lata Strlsas aad Lsofcstrts
Dlsi>tss SMtM hy A_s-sr»Use
miidr laxfla-a-w. aad Skilled Wa_aa___sU|
rrntpt Dallv-r-M te Dsalsis aad Faille
rsate aad Saceass te War am
rrssfsrltr af Shea HtkUg <
ERSl
UNIOt^STAMP
factory    ,,
tue. sad feuu W Wwasrs aad IssslsTSK
• " : Os-Utmaifiss
as te deauad esses tearlag  Iks  aVara
ilea gteat! ea Sals, lassie ar Ualaa,
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
Id* SUMMER STBEET, BOSTON, MASS.
Oslils tovslj, Oaaeral -TseUssl.   Okarlss — Salat, Oeasral Isc.-T.sm.
Relit Out nowan, rnneral Designs, Wedding Bontinets, Fot Pinto
Onuuntil aal Shade Trees, leads, Bulbs, noliti • iundilM
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
IXOBUtl AHD HT/kuxnoaT
t-STOHEB-t
M EHtlsfi Itnet But 7M OtutUU Straal
■ajrnoui M8-07- Seymour KM
mara UAOS
The ]M.T.I Loggers' Boot
Man erdsrs fitmaoy a—atai le
Guaranteed te Hold Caulks and Ar» ThorongUj Watertlglit
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Suceeaiors lo H. TOS * SON
M CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Neit Door to Loggers* Hall
Phono Sermonr Ht Repairs Don* While To. Walt
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Raiors make tho daily
Shave easier.
"Wo have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from ifS.OO to fMSO each.
TISDALLS LIMITED
Tbe Complete Sporting Ooods Stor.
•IS HASTINOS 8T. W. PHONE SEYMOUR 8133
ONE OP THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap good, can only be procured
by uiing cheap materials and employing oheap labor,
CASCADE BEER
Is produced from the highest grade materials proeurablo
—Caicade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
Calgarjt Alberta,
May Slat, 1921.
Fellow Workers:
About the middle of last year a
controversy arose between membera ot the then L.W.I.U. of the
O.B.U. and members of other
branches of the O.B.U., over the
question of Irganlxation within the
Constitution of the One Big Union. Thig controversy centered
around tho termi "Industrial" and
Geographical "Forms of Organization" and ended ln the Port Arthur dispute and the -breaking
away of the L.W.I.U. from tha One
Big Union "until such time as the
One Big Union ahall revert to its
original form of ' Organization."
None of the principal exponents of
the two theories put forward were
correct in their analysis of the
Theory of Organisation within the
O.B.U. Whether we were delber-
ately misled or not is beside the
point at issue. . The facts are
that those who took the "industrial" position were incorrect ln
arguing that "Geographical Or
ganixation" necessarily Involved In
making of a "Mullgan" of the One
Big Union, while on the other
hand those who took the "Geographical" position were not explicit enough in their denial of
that fact and did not show in the
course of their arguments that the
"Geographical form of Organization" did not necessarily involve
the abolition of the organisation of
the Workers In an ndustry from
Coast to Coast and the maintenance by the Lumber Workers or
the Railroad Workers of a general headquarters an.d organization
of Lumber Workers or Railroad
Workers to look after the apeclal
needs of workers in those industries, while at the same time being an integral part of the One
Big Union and being organized locally in Central Labor Councils or
District Boards with all the workers in a given locality, viz.: "A
given geographical area."
The reason I have for reopening this Question of the "Forms
of Organization" Is that I am convinced that bad a correct exposition of the Theory of Organization within the One Big Union
been given last year by the members of the General Executive
Board of the One Big Union, of
which board Fellow Worker Wtnoh
was one and Fellow-worker V. R.
Midgely another, there need have
been no breaking away of the
Lumber Workers from ths Ons Big
Union, There has been blame on
both sides ln the parties to 'ths
controversy and the controversy
carried on after the Port Arthur
convention only made confusion
worse confounded.
At a.general O.B.U. propaganda
meeting held on Monday, May 2Ird
ln the Sandstone Hall, Calgary, at
which Fellow Worker R. B. Russell was the speaker, I asked him
the specific question, 'la it per-
mfssable within the Constitution of
of the One Bg Union, for the lumber workers or railroad workers to
organize as an Industry from coast
to coast, while being an integral
part of the One Big Union?" The
answer 1 received waa "yes." We
recognize the fact that while, the
lumber workers or railroad workers in a given locality have inter-
eatss in common with all the workers in that locality and which Interests are morel pressing than
their Interests aa lumber workera
In another part of the country.
There are certain interests In common, between the lumber workera
In British Columbia and those In
Ontario, or between railway workers ln Winnipeg, Vancouver and
Montreal which require that they
ahould organise as an Industry
from coast to coast. But on the
other hand, there are other
groups of workers, such as civic
employees, street railway men or
hotel and restaurant workers,
whloh owing to their being local
workers and not affected so muoh
by condltlona governing their occupations ln other parts of the country, there lu no need to organize as
an industry, hence,the elimination
of the word according to "industry"
and the amendment'of the constitution to read: "According to class
and cless needs, ln order that officials of an Industry may not point
to the word 'Industry,' and so be
able to organize a particular Indus*
try at the expense of the other sections of the movement."
In an Interview with Fellow
Workera Russell and Johns, we discussed the theory of organization
tn the O. B. U. thoroughly, ln an
endeavor to arrive at a correct understanding and analysis of the O.
B.U. position in regard to the questions of Industrial and geographical
organisaton, whoh position I shall
now endeavor to place before you,
and so, lf possible, to clear up misunderstandings whloh need not
have occurred tf we had been correctly Informed In the flrat place,
and finally, to try and flnd a.basts
on which the gap between us ,as
Lumber Workers, organised In ah
Industry can be closed with the balance of the workers organized In
the One Big Union.
The fundamental basis of organization In the One Big Union Is the
local unit, ln which all workers in
a shop, camp, works and so forth,
organize as workers In that Bhop,
camp, works and so forth; ln other
words, "not according to craft," but
"according to industry," where
there is a group of workers working on individual Jobs, such as do<
Ing odd jobs around a town, oi
where in a shop or works theer are
not sufficient numbers working in
the shop, stores or works to warrant
the formation of separate unit of
workers in the shops and so forth,
a General Workers Unit or Miscellaneous Unit is formed, whei*e
only a few workers are in the O.
B.U. In insufficient numbers to warrant tho formation of a General
Workers Unit, they are attached
direct to tho Central Labor Council,
district board or Isolated unit; that
la,  "according to   class   and   class
* 'needs," as component parts of the
working class In a locality.       '
In cities and large urban centres, Central Labor Councils are
formed, composed of delegatea
from each Industrial and general
workers unit in that city or large
urban centre, on .the basis of ons
delegate for the flrst fifty members
and one additional delegate for
eaoh extra 100 members or major
fraction thereof.
A district board is composed of
delegates, elected on the same basla
from uitfts or camps in a certain
industrial region, for the purpoae
of taking care of the Internal affairs of tbeir Industries in thai area
*'nr_rn ni-rtttimt    trttnarranh pn\1v"
F. P.
.,     COAST DISTRICT
Robert Ingersoll once said that
"enme people think they are religious when in reality they are only
(bilious,", and. in referring to the
present day attitude of the workers, a paraphrase of that statement
'can be made in the following
,\vords: Some workers think they
jftrq revolutionary, when lif reality
all they want is a job.
Evidences are on hand which
would point to that conclusion, for
"when the devil was sick, the devil
a monk would be, and when the
devil got well, the devil a monk
was he," and when the worker is
without a job, he Is a humdinger
of a revolutionist, but when he succeeds in spearing a job, his revolutionary tendencies vanish, and he
once more becomes a docile, subservient slave. This fact became
apparent to two-members of the
working class anyway, when visit
Ing a camp recently, not a million
miles from Vancouver.
This camp employs nearly 100
men, and there are few, tf any,
stump ranchers, so that excuse
won't do. About the only revolutionary tendenclea manifesting
themselves were several poker
games going full blast, and the fallers and buckers doing their damndest to work themselves out of a
job, falling and bucking by contract The attempts to stir up a
little enthusiasm was a miserable
failure, and aa for getting'a meeting, about the nearest approach to
a meeting was a little debate ln one
bunk house, during which some
half a dozen men took part, and a
tendency to delve into the post,
manifested itself, the general idea
being that the workers could emancipate themselves by raising caln
with past foolishness, An attempt
was made to get a delegate appointed, but the fear of the "can"
was too prevalent, which only goei
to show that the. worker ls not
looking for emancipation; all he
wants is a job, and judging by reports he la going to have a sweet-
scented time doing that, because
about all the facts point to still less
jobs ln the near future. Another
camp has shut down since last
week. This camp is Judd Moore's
camp at Frederick Arm. Reason,
no sale for logs,
The latest reports coming In contain the story of the Whalen Company's oamps shutting down, both
to    the   convent Rt port A»<* and Swanson Bay.
any   reason   his     A report received from Counte-
and 75c for transients.
Fellow workers, there are a lot
of "stump ranchers" working along
this line, and to organize them will
be hard work for all who wish to
to go along this great railroad, and
who want sanitary conditions, as
the said gentlemen? of the house
of legislature have already placed
upon the statutes of this glorious
Province of British Columbia, for
the Northern Construction Company seems to run things to suit
themselves,fl*_nd ara getting away
with it, up to the present.
Fellow workera, there ls only one
way out of this rut, that X can aee,
and that Is to get down to the BED
ROCK OF TRUE INDUSTRIAL
UNIONISM, and the sooner we get
busy, and try to organise the slaves
In the Industries in which they are
working, the better headtwey we
will make, and then we will be able
to force any company to give us
sanitary conditions, so that we may
live as human beings, and not as
dogs.
'organization geographcally1
General conventons of the One
Big Union shall be composed of
delegates elected by Central Labor
Councils, district boards or isolated
units "geographical," and shall be
chosen from various industries
where possible (Industrial.- Nd
delegate shall have a voting
strength of more ttuyi one thousand (1000.)
A general executive board shall
be elected from the floor of the
convention, consisting of Ave members. Each Central Labor Council or district board of two thousand (2000) members or more shall
be entitled to elect one additional
board member. Therefore, there
can be no dictation from a general
executive board of five members,
as each Central Labor Council pr
district board may, if they
please, add an additional member
to the executive board if they have
sufflclent members. The onus Is on
the local council or board.
Furthermore, each and every one
of the general executive board
members must maintain his credentials from his local unit (camp)
to his or her Central Labor Counoll
or district board, and from
hla Central Labor Council
district board
tlon.     If   for
U. S. EXPORTERS
Prices Are Down on Good
Shoe Repairing
glen's Soles and    *0 Ofi    Women's Soles and # ]   •»(•
HeeleJ __.. *9e*se£t9    Heels, naUad   #__*fV
"wn'™'.™ $1.85 «*   WOBK  GWM-fflEED
Men'a Half Solas, *|   a*« We    Also    Mak*    Use   beat
nailed  epj-eftf Logger Boot ob tbe Masks*—
Women's Soles and * |   OB Msate le yoar matrnre, * | (J
Heels, sewn   91*09 a pair   I»9
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
All O. B. V. Help—1ST CABRAIX ST.—Phone Sermonr MM
Kail Orders HaVe Oar Prompt Attention
Ser. 365. Free l-.l_.ery
California Grocery
Oor. Seymonr nnd Nelson Sta.
We are carrying a full line of
Groceries,    Vegetable!,    Fruits,
ete.
Low Prices        Give Vo a Trial
Buy at a union store.
that local Central Labor Council ot
dlatrlct board, and after a full in-j
local unit or camp withdraws, the W tells how the slaves in the
O. B. B. member's credential front* ©pom camp celebrated the 24th of
Council or district board, the recall
be warranted, that Central Council
mutt withdraw the credential held
by the executive board member,
and th*' O. B. B. must fill the va-i
cancy.
Looal-.units whose delegates on
Central Counoll or dlstriot board
have been elected to membership,
on the G. B. B. must fill the vacancy on Central Council or district
board by electing an alternate delegate to the local Central Lahor
Couneil or dlstriot board. Per capita tax to the gentral executive
board of the O. B. U. shall be ten
oents per month, which shall be
paid through the Central Labor
Councils and district board where
same exist.
Any unit (camp) not within the
jurisdiction of a Central Labor
Counoil 0r district board, shall pay
per capita direct to the O. E. B,
All C. L. C.'s and D, B.'s shall Issue
a quarterly flnanclal statement, one
copy of which shall be sent to the
G. E, B., the same to be certified by
ohartered accountants or other
qualified auditors, approved of by
the G. B. B„ and a monthly report
of membership shall be sent to the
G. B. B, by each local unit (camp.)
On the failure of any branch to
tend in a flnanolal report (after SO
days' notice from the executive
board) then the next highest au<
thorlty" shalt have the right to audit
the books of the delinquent branch.
How does the foregoing affect the
Lumber Workers ln Canada?
When, the famous Western Con*
ference was held in this city In 1919
to discuss Labor problems and organisation In Canada, lt was decided to form One Big Union; tn
order, lf possible, to put an ond
to the boss' policy of
May, by putting In ISS carloads ft
logs, and numerous reports from
vestlgation  by the  local  Central <**rIous localltlei show a general
  - -weeding up, with the contract sys-
4em. in full swing, showing plainly
that tbe logger Is no wiser than the
rest of the working animals. He
does his best to glut the market in
the .shortest possible time.
If there Is no other way of educating the workers, it Is to be
hoped that they wtll shorten the
stpony by speeding up everywhere,
and' bringing about a condition of
a jobless world. They will then,
perhaps, wake up before they
starve to death, or else do something else as foolish as they have
been doing ln the past.
The doing of the wrong thing at
the right time, or the right thing
»t the wrong time, ls a well-mark-
characteristic of the working
mass, and just at the present time,
when the need of organisation was
never greater, they are falling down
on the Job; and while they are considering what kind of action to
use, the boss ts getting ln his good
work.
Form a Novel Corporation
in Order to Liquidate Goods
(By the Federated Press)
New York—A new and novel corporation Is to be organised here.
Its name has not been announced,
but the purpose will be to save, or
salvage, hundreds of millions of
dollars' worth of American products now lying and in the warehouses of practically every South
American port—a colossal example
of the boasted "efficiency" of modern business, industrial and flnanclal methods.
It seems that, tn the loudly-heralded trade expansion which was
to multiply the wealth of American
manufacturers after the war, American export concerns to the number of several hundred shipped
these goods to South America. Then
foreign exchange got out of hand,
and, presto, the exporters found
their goods piled up, undelivered,
In almost every seacoast town of
South Amerloa. The exchange had
risen to a point which- made tt tm'
possible for the Latin-American
consignees to pay for the goods.
The shippers thought perhaps
exchange would behave better after
a bit, but lt didn't, and the congestion of American goods south of
the Equator .became greater. They
decided that something had to be
done. So they met here, several
hundred of them, and decided to
form the corporation whtch Is to
"liquidate" the goods ln Soth American ports. They had, of course,
the co-operation of the Argentine-
American Chamber of Commerce,
and the Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce, and the Pan-American Advertisers Association, and
the American Manufacturers Export Association.
It might be said that there Is another element tn the situation. European merchants are re-entering
the South American markets, offering better terms, and regaining
much of the business they lost during the war.
conquer." It was also decided to or
canlse "industrially" ln contradistinction to "oraftally." What had
been the underlying fault in the organization of Labor unions? Was
it not in the fact that the men
working, say on the railways, were
divided into a dozen organizations
of crafts and only tentatively united
ln lojjae federations and tradeB and
Labor councils. The craft form of
organization was both useful and
necessary tn its time and place, but
with the development of the machine craft after craft disappeared,
so that the spade became the steam
shovel, and the craft the Industry.
Hence the necessity of organizing,
not according to craft, but according to lndustry> and along with that
came the National Union of RalW
waymon ln Britain, The Workers!
International Industrial Unton and
the I. W. W. The two latT.
ter, with their wheels of for-;
tune and the United Mine
Workers of America, in which.
unions all those working tn an inT
dustry were organsed tn an Indus'
trial Union; which was a step in
advance of the craft unions, but
which organizations are no longer
■applicable to present day conditions; as, while the N. U. R., U. M,
W. of A., I. W. W. are organised
Industrially. The final result ls not
One Big Union, but a more or lesa.
close affiliation of Industrial unions
as opposed to craft unions. The U.
M. W, of A„ of course, being a part
of the A, F. of L„ and the N. U. It.,
the second partner In the Cripple
Alliance.
(Continued next week)
A WORD FROM MICHEL
On the morning of the 2ftth of
May, 28 Italians got off the westbound train at Michel.
These Italians were fresh from
"Sunny Italy." They stopped in
Michel one day. Michel ls a small
"one horse" placo, whero every one
knows every one else's business, so
I hnd a chance to talk wtth these
fortune hunters. One of them was
humming a song "Finite la guer-
ra, me ne va In America." (After
the war I am going tqyAmerlca),
and a short while a/ter catching
sight of two Mounties, fully equipped, a look of surprise overspread
his swarthy countenance, and he
remarked to me, "Chrlsto eoiro
'divide and | carablnlerl   anche   qui."    (Christ!
"FELLOW-WORKER"
O. J. Mengel
Write, all classes of Maori
ance. Representing only ftrst-
claas Board companies. If Insurance la wanted, write or
phone Sey. 6826.
Offloe addreaa, 119 Board ef
Trade Bldg., Vanconver, B.O.
COAL
*\*XL_ SOOTLKSS
/UTD
NANAIMO
Kindling tree
CANADIAN WOOD AND'
OOAL OOMPANY
1440 OllANVlLLE Sey. Ht*
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
W» make LmUm' OannenU
Bight Hen in Vancouver
—the equal In atyle and smart-
nesa of tay olfered la Canada.
la-s-l atyla£5a 'smart--- tmtl—t   la
al tt. an sssln   inQH-i Haas
let yetr eaueta,.
Ws .(ar ttss. lansnti toner tt sa
sllaUaita an tta aUUtsaua', snMs.
Famous
Cloak A Suit Oo.
Ill KAaTD-M IT.. War Oraarnis
trial unloa of all . worksrs la toffies aad soBBtra-Uoa euips. Cms, Dis-
but aaaOuwal Bsatna-ltia tl Oss-
r«r, a. a Pbm. B.,.
REAL AMNESTY
Odessa "Roata Wen."—The former Wrangel soldiers who have
arrived here in groupa have expressed the wish to take part In
the reconstruction of Russia and
have requested to be allowed to
tako part In the Soviet elections.
Aa a result of this a full meeting
of tho Provincial Executive has
ordered that 70,000 former. Wrangel soldiers are to be allowed to
vote In the next elections.
Vanconver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL—Prssldsot, R. W. Bills,;
ssorstsrr, J. O. Smith. M.sts Srd Wed-
. ssds, ssch montb In tbo Psndsr 11.11,
corner of Ponder and How. strssts.
Phons So,. -HI,
ALLIED   PRINTWO   1'RADIS   Council—Moots    sstt.4    Moody    la    Iks
■onlb.    Prssldsat, J. t. lleCoaasll:i
rstorr. R. H. Nwlsnds. P. O. Boi St.
doT.Bt. W, ,__.. _   	
7SSS. J. II. Clubs, ftasral svsrsltrr
t-SBs>-sri tofal aavtoen, Vsssh. Blrc
Mi.doasld • 0... Va.es.TSr, B. Oi .editors. M-urs. Batlw A Oalsao, TaasM-
—- B. 0,
MOTtlto tttWIW MACHINE OPERA
TORI UUION, LOOAL Its, I.A.T.8.E
-ABIIsl.d «ltt Treas. snd Lobor OMB-
ell aad Tasatrle. 1 rsdsrstlos, V_.eo.rsr.
Prssldsat, J. R. Poster; sserstsrr «n4
trsatarsr. T. W. Bipst.4. OSss sad asst-
Iat mis, IM Undo. BslMlat, Polder
at. tr. Rsialar austlnf nlfbt, ant
Snnder la Mch B*oa__ at T:S0 p.m. Business Af oat, V7. Woolridf s.   Pboae Frastf
I8TL.	
RTT-5S     MAKERS'    LEAIWE
Drugless HeaJing
Has been pronounced by the
most eminent physicians and
surf eons' kll over the world
to be tbe most sane method
of restoring health.
"of
Nortk Amorloa (Tweotnt end Tltta-
~ inch  mMti ■Mofid sad femrtl
81» P«n««r Bt W.   Prtildiit,
Uy) — Branch m«»tt Mfiofid tnd feartk
Maiden, sie P«ndar Bt W. Prtildiit,
Wm. Humor, IIS Tonlh Am., Nortk Tu*
couvr; tnS-sClel oecrelirr, E. Ooddirt,
880 Riektrds Street; rocordlng Mcretarr,
J. D. Ruiioll. Booth Ud., McKtf P. O.,
Burnaby, B, C.
BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTEB8, DEC0*
ratora and Paptrkaajfra of America,
Local 138, VanconTtr—Moot* find snd
4th Thuradan at 141 Cordora St. W
Phont Bey. S491.   Bnalneu egeot, R. A.
Barktr.    '     _
O. B. U. DN1T PILE DRIVERS, WOOD-
ea Briilromen, Darrlekman and Riritra
of Vanconver and vicinity. Utvis stsrj
Monday. ■ pm- In o. B. V. HaU, 104
Pender St. W. Preildant, A. Brooke;
Snanclal iecretary aad bnalnow agent, W.
Tucker. Pkone, Seymonr 191.
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY'
Employeea,  Planter Divlilea, Nt.  101
-UhU 1 O.  "
Iat and Srd M
p.m. Preaident, _
Drive; recordlnf-atcretary, P. E. Grlfla.
447—Atk Avenue Eaat; troaanrer, E. 8.
Cleveland; inanc.nl-itcrntery aad bnal*
nen agent, W. H. Cettrtll, 430* Dora-
friaa Streot; oOce eorner Prior and Main
Sta.   Pkone Pair IQ04R.
O. T. Halt, ataint Pleaaaat
1 Hondaye at 1048 e ar aad /
ent, P. A. Hoover. 3409 Clarke
W. I. DOWNIE
S-U-iPBAOTIti
«       PHYSICIAN
Muter of Praotieal
DraglMi Healing
Teaches nature's method. For
farther laformatlon apply
DOWHIVS SAKITAMBM
'   UJaii'EU
15th Kloor Standard Bank
Call and Inspect tettimonlala
from prominent II. D.'e and
many others aa to our ability
to teach, ate.
WHEN nr TOWN STOP A*
ta*. CORDOVA EAST
EfS-Xthlnf Modem
Bate* Heaaonabla
Mainland
Cigar Store
310 OARKALL 9TREKT
THE PLAOE FOB PIPES
BRICKLAYERS AND MASONS—U  yoa
noaii brieklayera or naaona for boiler
They have the rural soldiers even
here.)
Questioning him about the "Fas-
c.Hto," he knew about the composition of It. He and others were evidently picked. The following morning they left for Trail, 3. C.
Between you and I, or "entra
nous," as the French say, let them
but go on strike, and they will soon
And out what the "rural soldiers"
are maintained for.
- Dimensions of White Spruce
camp, 26x58; one window in gable
end, one small ventilator; is double
Iron bunks on either side, with
two In gable ends, (ono in each
end.)
They are shipping 80 men a week
(from Vancouver. They have an
Order for S,000,000 board feet from
tlm Diamond Match Co. of Spokane.
9 The "three gang system" is in
fuU force here, hence the weekly
{shipment from Vancouvor. This
filthy ramp contains nbout 100
slaves, and very docile ones at that.
Please post this camp,
H. 23.
works,   ate.,   or  marble   aettera,
Brieklayera'  Union,  Labor Templr
OENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OP THE
O. B. U.—Pmldent, E. Andre; etert-
tary, W. StrviM. Heeta Snd aad 4th
Wedneiday ln eaeh month In Pander Hall,
tor. of Ponder aad Howe etreita,   Phont
Bey.  891.  _
HOTEL 155 RESTAURANT HF
ployota, Loaal *•—Uette tvtry ttttad
Wtdntaday In tht moath at 3:10 p.m.
aad ovary fonrth Wedneaday la tha month
at 9:80 p.m. Prealdenl, Joan Cammlafa,
■aoMtnry aad bnalneaa afeat, A. Oraham.
OBot and matting haU, 441 Seymour Bt.
W. Phont Say. U8L Oflea hoare, 9
eg. te 9
NORTHERN CONSTRUCTION
KAWMIMi CAMP
Poor food, long hours and small
wages. The night and day sawyers
try to outdo each other In sawing
tho most logH—700 logH a day. The
wages hero are 35 cents An hour,
and n ten-hour day; 40a a meal;
blankets 11 a month; doctor, $1.60
a month; about 66 men here.
Cook limine, a night nnd duy
cook, al-to two day flunkies, who
start at 5 a.m. nnd are through
with their work at 9 or 10 p.m,
No Qgga for breakfast, nothing but
phont
INTERNATIONAL    LOMQSHORSMEM'ft
Aaaeelatioa,    Loeal    99S2—Omct and
hall,   1S3  Oordova Bt.  W.    HotU lfil
and third   Mdaya,   9   pm.    Saartterr-
trtanw.  T.  Nlion;   bualneaa  agent,  P.
Sinclair;	
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRT WORK*
era' Union—Metta 9nd and dth Monday!. Preaident, J. E. Daman, 1949 Taw
St, KllaUano; aeeretary, E. T. Kelly,
19S0 Haatinga St. E.; recording aeoretary,
U. Holdaworth, 539—14th St. W., North
Vancouver.
WORKERS'     INDUSTRIAL
Of     CANADA—An     indua
TrPOORAPHIOAL UMIOK Ma. 1M~
Moeta lut Snnday af oach montk at
1 p.m. Preaident, A. I, Robb: vita*
praaldant, O. H. Collier: aeere
■»■"• _ H. ______ Ua 96.
THS NEW WESTMINSTER BRANCH
of tht O. B. U. mtata on tho tret and
third Wtdntaday of ovary moath. All
membera In thia dlstriot era lavittd te
attend.	
WORKERS* COUNCIL, VANCOUVER,
B. C, mttta tvtry Thuraday evening
at 8 p.m. la Iho O. B. U. Hatl, 904 Pender Bt. W. Socrotary, E. Horabnrgh, Ponder Hall.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA. R. O.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADEI
aad Leber Couneil— Meats Irak sad
third Wtdatadayo, fflgbtj af Prthfea
Hall, North Parh Btreet, ai 9 p.m. Pros*
Jent, C. Slverta; vlea-pmidint, R. Elliott | iter*ttry-treaiurer, R. 8. Woodward, P. O. Boa 90S, Victoria, B. 0.
PRIMOI RUPRRT, ■  O.
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
Couneil. O. B. U. Branchei. Prlnet
Rupert Diatrict Plahtrlta Board. O.B.U.;
Uetalllferoua Mlnen' Dlitrlet Board,
O.B.U. Secrtarytreaiurer, I*. O. Boa
•ill. Prince Rupert.
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
It onr coal ii not uttt-
factory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, wo will remove what
coal ii ltft and charge yon
nothing for what you havt
uied.
Ton to be tho tola judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Stroet
Pfceoes Seytiotu 1441 ul 4H
ON THE P. G. I*:.
Fellow Workers: I have just ar
rlvcd back from a trip along ji
part of the Pacific & Groat Eastern
Bailway. Of course, this road be-
loi\gs to us; If you will listen to the
members of tho House or leglsla
ture (or tho "nut factory.") Yoa,
fellow workers, those said gentlemen passed a law so that we may
hove sanitary conditions In those
camps. Oh, but not on this said P,
O. Hlii for they are the same ns
they were Inst yoar. Thc work on
this rond is being conducted by the
well-known tabor haters, viz., the
Northern Construction Company,
who swore that they would break
the L. W. I. U, lust fall at Kamloops, and further, they have told
the workers on the P. O. E. that
they would see their union In h—
before they would live ub to the
-Xwa of the Province of PrlrlMi Columbia.
Thlt- outfit is working ten long
hours a day, and tbe wages nre
from 40c to 7!Jc per hour, so you
can (ell what Ibo slaves are up
against along this groat railway of PAGE FOUR
THIRTEENTH TEAR.    NO.
._   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, a a
■ * ...... ... ■
TRlpAT...
 ...juiie 10, 1921
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Hoys' Department—Second Floor
SUMMER SUITS
Including Orey Worsteds in Young Men's Styles.   All
Standard Models—and Special Models
for Stout Men
$29.50
An astonishing; array of smart Summer Suits. Thoroughly good, essentially reliable clothing—well cut, soundly
tailored, hard-wearing.   ••-■■■•
Every Suit is guaranteed pure, wool—ranging from fine
navy blue serge with fast indigo dye, to fancy tweeds and
the favorite soft grey worsteds. Styles are distinctive.
Included are:
Single and double-breasted models for Young
Men; all standard models; and a special grouping of Suits for men of stout build. Newest
weaves, summer colors; all sizes.
SHE HOME OF
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
MMITED
153 Hastings Street West
Copyright 1921 Hut Scbaffoer ft lists
Canada's Largeet Exclusive
Store for Men and Boys
Czechoslovakia Is Facing
Grave Economic
Crisis
(By The Federated  Press)
Geneva. Switzerland—"A ter*
Uble economic crisis Is impending
in Czecho-Slovakia," said Adolf
Muirsch a locomotive engineer from
Ausi-ig, Bohemia, who attended
the International Transport Workers' Congress as delegate, 'This ls
largely the result of a stupid nationalistic policy which blinds my
countrymen to their own Interests.
"When our separation from Austria came, 80 per cent, of our in-
| dustry was functioning, We were
manufacturing jewelry, glassware,
textiles and pottery. And we were
mining coal and producing iron.
There Is no reason In the world
why our country should not have
gotten on Its feet within a short
time. Our workers are Industrious
and Intelligent and can match
those of any other country.
"But we were so Inflamed by nationalistic passions that we refused to deal with our nearest and
best customers, the Germans and
the Austrians. Though we are
right next door to Austria, for instance, we supply no coal to our
neighbor. We put up such a prohibitive flgure that today Austria
actually finds lt cheaper to Import
coal via Italy from England, rather than purchase It from us.
"Then, too, we tried to play a
pro-French gnme, and hoped
prayerfully that the French would
purchase our goods. But the
French arc not sentimentalists when it comes tu business,
and they have left us stuck high
and dry with our wares. The result Is economic chaos ahead."
There's a
Reason Why
X get results when others fall.
Twelve years actual experience. Thousands of satisfied
patients.
Dr. W.Lee Holder
S|ki lall-t
CHIHOPRACTIC,  DIET,
HYDRO THERAPY
Dully 1-5;  Mon.,  Wed., Frl.
1-8.
74 FAIRFIELD BLDG.
So,-. 8533
New National Hotel
SOO Outalde Rooms
Speolal Rates by the Week
Pb, Sey.  7180—1291  Granville
HB was not one of those who'
joined the Army in the flrst
days of war fever, when excitement was general and Intense,
when the nation was thrown off its
balance mentally, when youth waB
responding.to the call of Glory and
Adventure, when hundreds of thousands of young men were moved,
with thrilling nerves nnd throbbing
pulses, to answer the passionate
summons of the Drum.
Bobert Wilson was not the man
to be carried oft his feet by a
mad rush of public sentiment. He
was a quiet and rnther stolid man,
one who would think things out,
calmly and deliberately, one who
would turn a problem over in his
mind for daya and weeks before
making a decision.
Also he disliked the Idea of war;
he understood that it was a sordid
and somewhat degrading buslnesi.,
in which men were required to forget that they were men and to become mere disciplined animals.
Finally, he had a young wife, a
baby boy, a.pleasant home, and a
good "job" in the city.
So for Ave months Wilson continued to go nbout his business as
usual. He read the papers, talked
about the war, watched his workmates slipping off, one by one, into
Kitchener's Army. But he thought
it no concern of his, and he felt
rather superior, like a white man
watching a war-dance of natives,
when he saw the excited crowds in
the streets and read the hysterical
headlines In the press.
After a while, however, he began to feel that there might be
something In it," more than a mere
relnpse of civilization into barbarism.
He observed that responsible
men, men whose opinions he had
been acccustomed to respect, were
speaking of the war ob a orusado
and .declaring that Britain fought
to preserve mankind from the dominion of a gang of Prussian junkers. Although Wilson wns a Trnde
Unionist, a warehouseman, he had
always regarded Mr. ABquith as a
very wjell-balanced and high-principled statesman.
So he read very carefully n long
arid serious speech of - the Premier's, ln which he told the story
of the way iu which" the war had
heen sprung upon the world by
Germnny, and ln which he declared
thut Britain was lighting, not for
any selfUh purpose, but only to
save the world from the power-lust
of the Hun.
Other statesmen mnde similar
speeches; prominent Labor leaders
appeared upon recruiting platforms; men who hud hitherto been
known ns pnclflsts agreed that It
was a war to end wnr; the Press
mnde almost daily revelntlons of
the sinister plot which Germany
had for years been perfecting.
It seemed thut thc British Government had bcen guilty of too
great a fnith In human—or, at any
vnte, Germnn—nnture.
Sir Edward Grey, the Foreign
Minister, had been'so engrossed in
working for world-peace that he
had forgotten tbnt other nations
were not so innocent as our own
of any warlike Intent.
Unless  Germany  were  defented
REAL VALUES IN
SUITS
$20  $25  $30
$35   $40
C. D. Bruce
Limited.
CORNER HOMER AND HASTINGS STS.
and the power of the junkers destroyed, no small people could ever
again be safe. It wag necessary to
smash the Central Powers, so that
the world might be resettled according to the wishes of the
peoples, so. that Freedom and Justice might reign among the nations.
It was Robert Wilson's duty to
join up. He had come at last to
feel that the war was being fought
for a great and noble cnuse. So he
threw up his job, sold his house/
said farewell to his wife nnd child,
and marched away, sternly and
proudly, to the war.
Dirty men are huddled fn a sodden ditch. It ls night; but the
gloom Is torn by blinding, sickening flashes and dazzling flares. The
air iB full of harsh sounds—shells
shrieking overhead, the sharp reports of rifles, the denfening
crashes of the guns behind, the
stunning thunder of the. detonations along the German line In
front.   .   .   .
The little figures ln the ditch
seem grotesquely Insignificant 'in
the midst of this raging hell. All
about them ls the terrifying tumult of the bombardment; the
earth shudders; the night ie torn
by great sheets and savage spurts
of flame. A drizzling rnln drives in
the face of the man who ls peering
over the parapet.   ,   .   .
One of the men In the ditch is
Corporal Wilson; He is crouching
tn the mud, trying to shelter from
the noise und rain. Next to him ls
a trembling lad perhaps 17 yenrs
of age, squatting on his heels,
wincing under the crashing, shattering din.
"Our turn next." Wilson lookB
over his shoulder to reply to the
man on his right, the elderly sergeant who has wpoken. "Yes," he
anys, "It's nbout time Ihey started
hitting back."
A few moments later there Is nn
ugly shriek some yards to the
right, and a deafening CRASH, a
blinding flash. . . Bits of metal
hum past. Lumps of earth patter
into the trench.
"Ah," saj's the sergeont, "Hell!"
mutters the boy on Wilson's left,
getting down on to his hands and
knees and huddling closer to the
side of the ditch. Wilson says nothing; but he feels sick and afraid.
Zr—zr—ZR—CRASH! Another
blasting, blinding shell detonated
just In front of the trench. The
stink of the powder shows how
near it was.
A moment later the whole world
seems to blow up. A flash so vivid
as to nauseate; a rending CRASH
that deafens nnd stuns; a sudden
breath of hot wind, heavy with the
fumes of the explosive; then the
horrible smell of scorched flesh;
then silence.
*       *       *
Wilson lies prostrate ln the mud,
every nerve in his body twitching.
Presently, us though afar off, he
hears again the tumult of the bombardment; it grows louder; the
fury ls all about him once more.
Another CRASH, nnother shock;
he rises, trembling, to his feet.
Somewhere on his left a man is
screaming. He will never forget
that sound, cutting through the
thunder of the bombardment, the
terrible, unearthly scream of fl
mutilated body In the agony of
tarrying death.
He makes his way, crouching,
towards the sound. Suddenly lt
stops. At thc same moment Wilson
stumbles Into a litter of the shattered remains of men. , , .
Overcome with blind panic, he
turns and blunders back, wiping
his hands,   ,   .   .
For hours It continues.   .   .   .
Now it is morning. The hellish
tumult continues, though, dazed
and distraught, the men flo not
seem to heed it. The cold ;ii.ht reveals- the sordid horrot of the
scene, the bundles of chewed flesh
and bloody rag He In t.ic sodden
ditch, tho torn and torturi/i earth,
the white-faced men who are
climbing out of the trench.
Two hundred yards In front Is a
wall of swirling black and yellow
smoke, In tho midst of which are
seen the sharp, stabbing flames of
bursting shells. It is the British
barrage upon the German trench.
The uproar is terrific, indescribable.
Men are falling on every side,
but no ono heeds them. Those who
are left stumble on, picking thcir
iiuur between the shell-holes, try-
a:
Ing to keep some semblanee of a
line.   .   .   .
Wilson falls over the mangled
body of & man, Though smashed
out of recognition, he knows it is
the sergeant who, a few seconds
before, was just In front ot him.
Something like Harry Smith who
used to live next door. What a
fool he was not to have stayed at
home. Why did he come into this
hell at all?
He picks himself up and .'pushes
on. Well, he's in lt now, and he
must see the business through. But
what a foul business It Is. Still,
it's the last time—thank God. And,
anyhow, it's all the fault of those
filthy swine In front.
The others are running now.
Wilson begins to run, too. Then he
stumbles again. Thus, blindly
blundering forward through the
swirling hell of war, Robert Wilson
takes part in what the papers will
afterwards describe as "the glorious achievement," the storming of
Windmill Ridge.
But Wilson does not think of
glory. He mutters the foulest
language that he has ever heard
and shuddered at—before. And he
Is vexed because he cannot flnd
words vile enough to suit his
thoughts.
Then suddenly he sees a row of
heads in front. A white-haired lad
ls pointing a rifle at him. Somebody throws a bomb.   .   .   .
Wilson "sees red," He ceases to
be.a man; he becomes another being, half animal, half devil, thirsting for blood- He hears himself
give a savage yell. He leaps for
ward—to kill. The scorching hate
of hell surges up in his heart. He
Will take that German's life; nothing else matters; he will have his
life. And then he ceases to be conscious of what he does. . ,
until he finds himself standing ln
the trench, withdrawing his
dripping steel from the writhing
body of the lad he had Just killed.
Then he sinks to the ground. Hts
left hand Is aching. He thinks he
must be wounded.
The tumult dies away. He feels
very tired.
"It's all right for Asquith and
Lloyd George to talk," he mutters.
. . . "War to end war." . ., ,
"Freedom and justice, eh?—and a
queer way to get it."   .   .   .
"Ah, well, I suppose it's worth
it," he says.   .   .   .
The war Is over. A crowd of
cold and hungry men are waiting
in the rain outside a Labor Exchange. Most of them wear
badges or ribbons to show that they
are ex-Service men.
Among them, shabby, 111 and
wretched, is Robert Wilson. He
stands at the edge of the pavement, hands thrust deep in pockets,
head hanging despondently* listening to the talk of those about him.
One man tells of the woman
next door whose husband has bean
killed. She hns four youn«. children to bring up. For some> reason
or no reaaon her pension suddenly
ceased two months ago. She has
been notified thnt her case is "receiving attention." Mennwhlle sho
nnd her children are starving.
Nothing can be done. A paper has
been lost, nnd until lt Is found
again   .   ,   .
Another speaks of hla own case.
He has been out of work since d«-
mobll)/-ation—fourteen months ago.
His; nged, Invalid parents are dependent upon him; Every morning
he rises nt 5 o'clock to begin the
weary search for work. Every
evening he returns to his attic
home, footsore and dispirited, and
still unemployed.
Another tells how yesterday he
spent his last sevenpence in going
after a job with an introduction
from the Labor Exchange. When
at last he got there he was told
that the job was filled a week ago.
"Any chance of anything else?"
"Get out!"
A slight lad with a hacking
cough — "lungs—gas—y'know" —
says he has been told that it is
waste of time for him to look for
work. He la not fit to take a job,
even if he could get one. But his
pension Is twelve shillings a week.
Presently a young man comes up,
carrying a soup box. He looks
shabby and hungry, like the rest;
but he has none of that hopeless
resignation which the others show.
He places the box on the ground
nnd steps on to it. Then he tulks
to the crowd.
Robert Wilaon is almost too
wretched to attend to what ts being
said; but now and then he catches
a sentence.
"Comrades and fellow-fools,"
says the speaker. The men '■mile
bitterly. Wilson mutters, "Tnat's
true, anyhow; we nre all fools to
be so eusliy deceived."
Then the man on the box talks
of the grent deception, of the wny
in which millions of men have been
completely "fooled" by those who
meant to muke good business out
of the wnr.
He tulks of the cant of 1914, of
the lies that politicians told about
the way In which the war was
mn.de, ubout the ends for which the
wur was fought.
He tells of the manner In which
the peoples have been betrayed by
lies Into fighting for the flnanclal
interests of their masters.
He speaks bitterly, does' the
young man on the soap-box.
He hus lost all his Illusions, and
the Iron has entered Into his soul.
He cannot for a moment 'forget
the shambles of the battlefield;.he
cannot close his eyes to the misery
around him now; and he cannot
forgive those well-fed men whose
secret Intrigues dragged' the
peoples into hell.
Nor can he ever forgive those
politicians who persuaded the nation that the war was being fought
for Justice and Liberty, and then
used the victory—won at such a
fearful cost, paid for by the pepple
in blood and suffering—merely to
secure commercial advantages for
a gang of financiers.
He talks of the Treaty of Versailles.
"Was it for this a million of our
comrades died?" he asks.
"Was it to win oilfields for
them?"
"Was it to enable them to starve
the workers of Central Europe?"
As Robert WDson turns away, he
iu thinking what hundreds of thousands of other men are thinking
all over the land.
"We have lost everything," he
murmurs. "We have lost everything—nnd we have lost it for
nothing. They lied to ua and we
were deceived. We believed them,
and so we were betrnyod."—A. Ernest Mander In the Australtnn
Worker,
Make Interesting Proposition Which Is Endorsed
by Socialists
(By Louis P. Lochner, Federated
Presa   Staff  Correspondent)
Berlin.—Some 120,000 heads of
families have registered with the
Municipal Housing Commission of
Berlin as unable to secure living
quarters for themselves and their
families. The housing problem
has becctaie one of the acutest
confronting the metropolis.
The trade unions (Frele Gewerk-
schaften) have projected themselves Into the situation with an
interesting proposal which has
been endorsed not ofrily/ by the
*Afa"—the federation of brain-
workers—but also by the Majority
Socialists and Independent Socialists. The proposal calls upon
the City Council to Initiate the following measures:
1. The appontment of a technically equipped general director
ln oharge of the whole problem of
housing and colonising (by the latter Is meant the founding of small
communities or colonies In the
suburbs). It Is felt by the unions that the present system of
overlapping jurisdiction by various
local boards and bureaus will
never enable the municipality to
solve the housing problem, and
that there must be co-ordination
of effort under one head whd shall
have at his disposal staffs of experts who can evolve a systematic scheme for finding and building homes for everybody.
2 The serving of notice upon
all owners of real estate that they
muBt either Immediately under-!
take necessary repairs, or be prepared to have the city undertake
them and charge the costs to the
owner.
3. The purchase by the city of
building materials at wholesale
prices with which whole colonies
of houses can be built at a low
price and the individual properties
sold to the workers on reasonable
terms. For tha poorest home-
seekers the municipality is to
build and lease house?, the title
thereto remaining wth the cty.
4. The adoption of vigorous
measures to prevent profiteering in building materials and real
estnte speculation.
5. Commandeering of estates
and houses now not used, and limitation of the number of rooms to
be used by each family.
6. A demand upon the national
treasury for a substantial building loan, this step being justified
on the grounds that thousands of
famlies of state employees have
taken refuge in Berlin since Pozen,
Upper Silesia and other eastern
sections came into the hands of
the  Poles,
Slater's
Quality Service
FREE DELIVERY
Fresh Meat Dept.
No.   1   STEER   POT   ROASTS
FROM | A _ LB.
-Jo.  J   STEER OVEN  HO A STS
from   _ o 1 __  LB.
12k
FINEST Ql'AMTV   HOU,111)
ROASTS
SPECIAL *____ LB.
25c
FRESH  KILLED   PORK
SHOULDERS
Weighing from 4 lbs. tip
191c
LH.
FRESH KILLED MIDDLE
CUTS PORK
Any weight cut
29kLB
No. 1 STEER BOILING BEEP
FROM O __ PER LB;
8c1
.Minion Special, fro-li killed—
Shoulders, per Ib 12 1-2.
Loins, per Ih 25c
Legs, per lb .10e
(Half or whole.)
Slater's Alberta Butter—    *|
3 lbs. for    *P 1
PICNIC HAM SPECIAL
Slater's  Famous  Picnic  Hams.
Reg. 28c lb., special....!! l-2c
BACON SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Streaky Bacon,
half or whole slabs, Ib. 82 l-2o
B. C. Fresh Eggs, 3 doz. for.95c
Finest Canadian Cheese, lb...30c
Finest Dairy Butter, lb 30c
PUBE LARD
Finest Pure Lard.   Reg. 30c lb.,
special, lb.  19c
From 8 a.m. to 11 a.m.
Slater's
Four Big Stores
123 Hsstings (Usad OSes) Ssjr. 3262
830 (-nn.llls strset Ber. 80S
3260 Main Street Fair. 1683
West Snd Market (Oor, Davis and
Oranrlllt) Sej. one
ai SEAMEN
Many Arrests Are Made,
But Men Dp Not
Weaken
A strike report from Furuseth,
President International Seamen's
Union of America, states representatives of the Engineers, have sent
out instructions to tighten up the
lines everywhere and make the
struggle as effective as they know
how. Furuseth, who is in New
York busy addressing meetings,
states that the men on the Atlantic are as solid' as rock, some 600
men are under 'arrest* for violations
of injunctions and vagrancy in thn
land of the free. Tri New Orleans
alone there are..3.00 men in gaol
aiid; the rest state they are willing
to go there until the shipowner
gives recognition to the Unions.
The few vessels which are operating with non-Unlon incompetent
scab crews have been forced to
put back Into, other ports in distress.
The shipowners state they Intend to reduce wages now, then
again in September, and again in
December, also to wipe out the
Seamen's La Follette Act, so the
Seamen of all other countriea
should remember that the Seamen
In both the Atlantic and Pacific
sides of the United States are fighting the. cause of freedom and liberty of the Seamen of the World.
U.S. RAILROADERS
I
Labor Board Orders Cut
on 104 Roads—Melon
for Owners
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago—More than a billion
dollars will be taken out of the
pockets of railroad workers this
year as the result of the action of
the Railroad Labor Board ln ordering a wage reduction averaging
12 per cent., following the abrogation of the national working agreements.
The wage reduction wtll turn
hack into the operators' treasuries
an estimated $400,000,000 annually,
while the abrogation of the working agreements, which was ordered
by the board late in April, will cut
$720,000,000 more off the roads'
payrolls.
A blanket decision was made In
the case of 104 roads, most of them
Class A lines, ln disputes with 80
unions, including the "four big
brotherhoods," the 16 unions ln the
Railway Employees department of
the A, F, of •**■, and independent
organizations. The wage cut will
go into effect July 1, which was the
date on which an increase of 22
per cent, was granted last year.
Railroad workers are talking
strike. The action of the government with the maritime unions has
swept aside all confidence in the
Harding regime.
Depreciation in Standard
of Living Is
Enormous
(By Louis P. Lochner)
(Federated Press Stuff Correspondent)
Berlin, Germany—Thc German
mark today Is worth only as much
as 10 or 12 pfennigs were worth
in 1914, according to Dr. R. Kudzynskl, director of the statistical
oltiee of Berlln-Schoeneberg. That
is, Its purchasing power . within
Germany Is only about one-tenth
of what Is was before the war. Outside of Germany the case ls even
worse, for while, for instance, the
German mark was worth 24 American cents In 1814, it now takes 60
to 65 marks'to make up a single
dollar.
....Unfortunately the burden of this
depreciation fulls most heavily
upon the tnan with a family. According to Kudzynskl, the single
man, who, before the war, could
subsist on 16.76 marks weekly as
a minimum, now needs 137 marks,
or 8.2 times as much to subsist as
he did in 1914. For a married couple without children, 204 marks
are now necessary, as against 22.30
marks In 1914, or 9,2 times us much
as In pre-war days. But the married man with, say, two children,
needs 9.2 times as much as in 1914
to subsist, for to him the "exlsten-
z minimum" has risen from 22.80
marks to 281,
On the basis of careful statistical
studies, Dr. Kudzynskl arrives at
his conclusion that 137, 204 and 281
marks, respectively, are necessary
per week as the minimum on which
a single man, a married childless
couple and a couple with two children can exist,
How reasonable Dr, Kudzynskl
figures are, and how little they attempt to draw a picture worse
than reality, may be seen from the
single Item of "housing," Kudzy-
skl assigns only one room and' kitchen under that head, even to the
family with two children.
Petrograd—Illustration* of the
rapidity with which illiteracy is being driven from among the workers
tn Russia Is shown ln a report on
the Public Feeding Service of Petrograd Just out. In 1920 there
were 2250 Illiterates among the
workers in this feeding aervice.
The number has now been reduced
to 260.
Melbourne—At last the Australian Commonwealth government
has decided that it will trade with
Germany. As a matter of fact,
trade with Germany has already
bcen taking place, although not officially. 	
The Largest Exclusive Hen's and Boys' Shoe Storo in the Wist.
-POR THE—
Working
Man $6.45
Solid leather soles, sewed
mid nailed; wide, comfortable fitting, with soft
pliable uppers that will
stand all kinds of hard
wear.  Specially priced at
$6.45
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
UNITED
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
I
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
5. K. BOOK CONTINUES
•    THE SALE OF THE
Entire Stock of Blue Serge Suits
UP TO 160 WILL BB S<
$36.75
VALUES VP TO $60 WILL BE SOLD FOR
ALL MODELS
ALL SIZES
ALL SUITS
GUARANTEED
D.K. Book Ltd
"Correct Olothes"
137 HASTINGS ST. W.
(By The Federated Press)
Sofia, Bulgaria (by mail), — All
agitation in favor of better economic order fs forbdden ralway employes of Bulgaria, as a result of
a lost strike. Several months ago
the railroaders of this Balkan
state struck work because of their
Intolerable living conditons. The
government suppressed the strike
with a ruthless hand. All who
participated were "flred" and could
only be reinstated by signing the
following petition, which speaks
for Itself:
"I beg of you, Mr. Minister, to
be permitted to be named ■ anew
for the post whtch T occupied before the strike. I promise most
conscientiously to carry out the
work which will be assigned to
me, and that tn future I shall tuke
no part in the struggle against existing society1 nor ln any organisation which has such an object."
Minneapolis.—City primary election returns show that the Labor
candidate, ex-Mayor Thomaa Van
Lear, hag a larger vote than his
two reactionary opponents combined,
Dunsmuir Tool Store
Second-hand Dynamos, Electrio
Motors, Tools and Machinery
Bought and Sold.
529 Dunsmuir St.      Seymour (1098
OOWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS ANO BOOKBINDERS
1129 HOWE STREET
Union Official!, write for pricei.    We
give SATISFACTION.
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MA88IUB
RpBcltliit In   Electrical   Treatments,
Violet Ray end High Frequency for
Rheumatism, Sciatic*, Lumbago, Par-
aljrals, Hair  and  Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Ailment!.
810-311 OARTER0OTTON BLDO.
Phone Seymour 20«
108 Haitingi Street Weat.
Phono Sey. 8546
N. J. Egan
GENERAL
INSURANCE
BROKER
Suite 51—US Hastings St. W.
Labor and Socialist
Literature
IN ALL LANGUAGES
can he obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Cor. Hastings and Columbia
Mall Orders Promptly
Attended to
Seattle Union Record, carried
Your Doctor!
Knows
that new milk and   fresh   egg? J
form   the   Food   Supreme   for
children.
EGALL
CUSTARD POWDER
Is mnde from strictly new-laid
eggs, and being prepared with
fresh milk, renders it the most
nourishing and Invigorating food
obtainable, In addition to being
much cheaper than meat.
The rich egg flavor of EGALL
CUSTARD appeals to the child's
appetite, and Its wholesome
composition, retaining all the
nutritious qualities of fresh milk
and new-laid eggs, makea lt Indispensable for the health and
nourishment of growing chil-]
dren. I
Used with fresh fruit or jelly, I
EGALL CUSTARD makes al
most delightful, nourishing!
sweet for luncheon, dinner or|
supper.
ON SALE AT ALL GltOCER8|
LARGEST MEN'S STORE IX THE WEST
Rich Weaves
Colorful Patterns
Here are suits distinguished by tastefulness
in pattern and colorings; correct touches of
style; preciseness in tailoring and-fit. Weights
and textures are comfotrable for the business
hours of Summer days. Clothes for men who
demand the best—now priced at considerably
less than the best usually costs.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
Wm. Dick Ltd.
4547-49 Hastings Street East

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