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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 17, 1920

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 THE BRITISH COLU
INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVEB TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITT: VICTORY
TWELFTH YEAR.   No. 51
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 17,1920
$2.50 PER YEAR
BOB RUSSELL IS FORBIDS USE OF UNEMPLOYED IN
E
Was Released from Stony
Mountain Last.
Saturday
Streams of Workers in
Winnipeg Show Their
Regard
(By James Law, Secretary Canadian Defense Committee).
Winnipeg, Dec. 16.—On Friday
last persistent rumors were being
circulated that Bob Russell was
released. It did not take long,
however, to knock these rumors on
the head.
On Saturday we were Informed that Russell would be released
.today, but the exact hour could not
be ascertained, the reason for this
being made known to us later on.
When the warden of Stoney
Mountain penitentiary called Russell Into his office to acquaint him
of the fact that a wire had been
received from Ottawa, ordering
his release, he also told htm that
he had a phone call from T. J.
Hurray (solicitor' for the Trades
and Labor Council), wanting to
,. know the exact time of his release,
as he desired to om* out with an
automobile accompanied with a
few friends and Mrs. Russell, to
meet him. Bob at once saw
through their Uttle game, and asked the warden to Inform Murray
that he did not want anybody to
meet him, but desired to go home
Quietly. This arrangement was
agreed upon.
Bob arrived ln Winnipeg at 2:15
p. m. and was met by real friends,
who bundled him Into an auto and
took him home, where Mrs. Russell had a good square meal ready
for him. From that time there
Was a constant stream of humanity
coming and going, all showing their
eagerness to welcome him back to
. the ranks of labor.
This continued till 7 p. m„ when
arrangements previously made,
were made known to meet at the
residence of Qeorge Armstrong at
I p. m., where another stream of
wsllwlshers kept coming and going
till 2 p. m., taking part In dancing
and partaking of the refreshments
which were handed out by a lot of
Willing workers.
Bob looks well, but is somewhat
thinner, having lost about 10
pounds since his incarceration,
His curley locks are gone, having
received thc old time prison hair
out. He fs still busy meeting
friends. He is anxious to get down
to study, to oatch up what he has
lost In the past year In regard to
the movement, etc., and no doubt
at an early date, wa will once more
hear from Comrade Russell when
he gets settled down and has
(rasped the meaning of what has
transpired since he received his
sentence.
Centralis Labor Will Not
Cater to Militaristic
Schemes
Centralla, Wash.—Th. Lewis
County Central Labor Council has
adopted a resolution forbidding
the use of any union labor on the
proposed bulldlnf to house the
Centralla tank corps, fostered by
the business .l.m.nts here.
Shortly after th* Centralla Armistice Day Tragedy In November,
1919, businessmen took steps to
form a tank corps and a cartoon
published ln a local dally shortly
after showed tanks lumbering down
Centralla'a main street with the
caption, "Row Would This do In
Labor Troubles?"
It was announced at the labor1
oouncll meoting that the Centralla unions would take steps toward
urging unionists throughout the
nation to use their economio power
to prevent the extension ot milltar
ism.
DON'T FORGET THE DANCE
Don't forget the dance ln ttae
Pender HaU  on  Saturday  night.
The Door ls good, the music will be
the best, and the admission Is easy,
Gents BOc, ladles 15c.
Fernle Women to Organize
The working women of Fernie
are making plans for the organ,
ization of a Women's Labor
League. They have asked for the
assistance of an organizer and
Mrs. Rose Henderson ts now in
communication with them.
II
Relief Funds from American Workers Make
More Victims
Workmen    Take    Over
Some Mines—Owners
Object
(By the Federated Press)
Rome—Owners of the mines on
the Island to expel from the mines
the workmen who since the Metal
Workers' strike ln September, have
occupied tbe mines and have them
on a co-operative basis. Already
■ome of the leaders of the movement and the most militant of the
workmen have been arrested.
Negotiations with the government and with the mine owners
over the occupation of the mines
have been going on for six weeks,
through Blanchi, leader of the miners. During this time the government showod itself favorable to the
co-operative experiment of the workert.
Tho entrance of the police and
the subsequent arrests are looked
upon as a sudden about face of the
government, In support of the
claims of the owners.
When asked whether the miners
would resist the attack upon their
co-operative movement, Blanchi
•aid: "I not only believe,. I am sure
they will resist The mass of them
has been working forty days without taking a penny of wages. The
struggle is now on, and the whole
of the Italian working class Is ranging Itself on the aide of the Elba
miners.
Where Is your Union button?
Brutalities of Reactionary
Government Is Beyond
Description
(By special correspondent of the
Federated    Press   and   London
Daily Herald).
Vienna. — The money which
American workers Bent to aid the
victims of the Magyar1 white terror
Is to be used as a pretext for executing Joseph Glatter, former secretary of the Locomotive Engineers'
Union In Hungary.
Glatter recently left Vienna for
Budapest with funds contributed
by American labor to assuage the
misery of the widows and children
of the matyred Socialists. Glatter,
together with Ludwig Szita, a wait
er, was arrested. Both were charged with having distributed revolu
tlonary literature and with having
brought money into Hungary for
Socialist propaganda.
The first accusation vas not
proved, and the money found in the
possession of the two prisoners was
the relief fund from Americnn
comrades. Shortly after his arrest
Szita was thrown fr'om the third
story window of Buapeat prison by
the police.   He died Instantly.
Glatter was then tormented until
his spine was broken. During thia
Inquisition he "confessed" to being
a party to a Communist plot. A
few days ago Glatter* was dragged
In a wheel chair to be court mar-
tlaled. He there retracted the confession,
Yesterday Glatter was sentenced
to death. Hungarian Socialists
have Issued an urgent appeal to
British and American labor, especially the railway brotherhood, to
intervene on bohalf of Glatter.
Two Thousand Hold Meet-
in; to Put It Up to the
Authorities
FRENCH SEAMEN ABE
FIGHTING MILITARISM
Refuse to Work on Ships Carrying
Cargo of Munitions—Ships
Are Tied Up
Paris—A telegram from Marseilles says that the 8. 8. Crlmce
has been officially laid by and her
departure 'Indefinitely postponed.
Another Incident similar to that by
which sho was held up occurred
between the crew of the 8. 8. Jerusalem and the Messageries Marl-
times. This boat, which was due
to leave for' Syria with a cargo of
munitions, was abandoned by the
crew, who refused to work until
the munitions were unloaded.—Exchange.
Xmas Tree
Entertainment
DECEMBER 29
UNDER THE AUSPICES OP THE WOMEN'S AUXILIARY
OF THE O. B. U.
Children whose parents are members of the 0. .B. U., who
will attend the entertainment, should write to J. G. Smith, 804
Pender Strset West, giving their names and ages, before Dec. 28.
Donations of money, cakes or fruit, will be received by the
seoretary Women's Auxiliary, Box 488 Joyce Road, or by .1. O.
Smith, at 104 Pender Street West.
H I I . I I  I T ' * * *  *"*"* -■——— '■ * ■ '
No Shortage in Necessaries of Life, But Thousands Are Hungry
With ten thousand estimated to
be unemployed In the city of Vancouver, and the winter only in its
Infancy, there is every prospect of
publio officials having to face a
serious situation within a very
short time. Although, the Province, aye and the country, Is
abounding In natural resources of
every description, and labor aplenty, 2000 unemployed gathered together on the Cambie atreet
grounds last Tuesday to discuss
and place their grievances before
the authorities. A committee of
twelve was appointed to take up
the subject with the olty authorities, and to draw up measures that,
in their opinion, might be adopted
to relieve the situation. It ls significant, that a very large majority
of those unemployed today, are
men who fought a short time ago
for British supremacy over German commercialism and markets,
including democracy and freedom
for the victors, but ln spite of the
victory, every part of the British
Empire, and every Allied country,
ts face to face with an unemployed
problem that Is absolutely insoluble under capitalism.
Millions in Work
Strange as it may appear, every
proposal that has been put forward, Is one that Ib Intended to provide work. Millions are spoken of
in terms of work. Yet lt is tho
very productivity of the workers
that has tilled the warehouses of
the world to overflowing with
wealth which the workers can not
secure. It would appear to be a
more feasible proposal to give millions In necessities, and by so doing, relieve the glut on the market, and at the same time give the
unemployed the necessities of life.
However, the committee hns mado
certain definite proposals as measures of relief, 'and in an interview
with the city council on Wednesday
afternoon, offered the following
suggestions;
The schedule which might be
undertaken to provide for the .unemployed, was work Incident to
changing the rule of the road In
the city, preliminary work to a
Second Narrows bridge or' dam,
work on the Ballantyne pier, Improvements in Stanley Park, removing dead timber, work on Harbor Board terminal railway and
Gore avenue wharf, embarkation
of the Provincial government in
the logging industry, construction
of a grade crossing viaduct at
Hastings and Cairall streets, construction of a number of public accommodation stations in various
parts of the city.
BOBRUSSELI
Who was released from Stony, Mountain penitentiary last
Saturday.
FRANK CASSIDY 1
AT THE EMPRESS
TEMPLE MONEY
O'Connor Dealt With the
State Last
Week
Within a short timo we will be
commemorating the birth of one
who was credited with having been
born to save us, and if any one was
still under the  delusion that  the' son, K. C, for remuneration to the
Socialist party's mission was of a -extent of $8000 for negotiating the
Liquidator's Claims Are
Not Accurate, Says
Rubinowitz
I J. 8. Jamleson, solicitor for the
liquidator of the Vancouver Labor
Temple Crfmpany, recently made
application  through  Charles  Wll-
We patronize those who patronize us.
G.W.V.A. DROPS
I
Ex-Service Men's International Causes Flurry
in Ruling Ranks
(By the Federated Press)
Toronto, Ont.—Canada's ruling
class ls frantic lest discontented
soldiers here affialiate with the ex-
Servtce Men's International, and
the Dominion police Is Investigating
reports that efforts are being made
to co-operate with Henri Barbusso
of France, and others active ln
building up an Internationale of
the rank and flle who fought in
tho world war.
Affiliated with this International
are ex-soldiers' organizations In
Great Britain, Germany, France,
Austria, Italy and Boumania. The
total membership Is approximately
one million. Henri Barbusse, the
general secretary, ls at the present
moment busying himself ln establishing connection with other1 organizations of ex-service men In
the various warring countries whose
objectives are similar to those of
the International.
"Bolshevist propaganda" is the
label given an Invitation letter Barbusse sent to the Dominion secretary of the Great War Veterans
Association. The Canadian Press,
a government subsidized newa association, sont a dispatch, under an
Ottawa date line, telling how the
G. W. V. A. officials had turned a
cold shoulder to the new movement. Numerous government officials hold high offices in thts organization, however, and their disapproval will have little effect on
returned men generally. They express satisfaction with the stand of
the rank and file veterans association of the United States ln joining the worldwide private soldiers'
movement.
PARK COMMISSIONER
Captain Jones, lighthouse keeper at Brockton Point, is definitely
ln the field for* park commissioner
in the forthcoming civic elections.
Captain Jones has bcen a member
of organized labor for' nearly fifty
years, and Is a superanuated member of the Amalgamated Society of
Carpenters and Joiners.
similar nature they could not do.
better than get wise to the history
of development through which
mankind has passed. The possession of this knowledge will also
help to dissipate the vague ideas
prevailing as to the function of
parliaments or governments, and
how it Is that the Sta,te Is a peculiar social Instrument for "keeping
us In our place" under a system
based on property rights. The
source from which this informtion
may be obtained is no secret, and
the education of the proletariat
along class lines Is not so costly as
the ordinary correspondence courso
that assists him In his efforts to be
100 per cent efficient for his mas-
tei*. If the worker would devote
a sufficient portion of his leisure
to getting wise to his position In
present day society there would
soon be something doing towards
a definite Improvement in the direction of the abolition of wage
slavery. That the results of soclhl!
industry should accure to the
benefit of a useless clasg in society,
was a natural consequence of a
system based on production for
profit, and the possibilities of supplying all social needs by the expenditure of the energy of only a
small portion of society had been
amply demonstrated during the'
great war. Industry at the present
time demands social ownership in
order that production may be directed Into useful channels rather
than those which aru simply profitable to a small minority.
These remarks were the features
of the address delivered by T.
O'Connor at the Socialist party's
meeting at thc EmpresB Theatre.
The speaker also gave a rapid survey of the development of the Institution of private property and
the rise of the State as the social
force of repression in a society
based on Class conflicts arising out
of the struggle for control of the
means of life and social well-being.
In answer to a question as to the
superstitions of the Russians, the
speaker suggested that a study of
the freakish beliefs prevailing on
this continent regarding spiritual
Ism, clairvoyance nnd similar stunts
were not a very croditable com
parlson ln favor of the superior
Intelligence of Western Democracy. An Interesting variety of
questions was specially noticeable
at the meeting.
F. Cassidy will be the speaker* on
Sunday evening next.
DON'T FORGOT THE DANCE
Don't forget tlio dnnee in tlie
Pender Hall on Saturday night.
The floor is good, the music will bc
the beet, and the admission Is easy.
Gents BOc, ladies 25c,
Pass the FederationiBt along and
help get new subscribers.
in
Municipal   Elections
City of Vancouver
Under Way
The Federated Labor Party of
Vancouver is entering the municipal elections with three aldermanlc candidates. W. R. Trotter,
W. J. Scrlbhens and It. P. Pettipiece were tho choico of tho party
at the business meeting on Wednesday. Twelve candidates are
already in thc field for the eight
aldermanic scats on the city council. Two candidates are ln the
field for mayor and at least one
more ls expected. The elections
will be held under the Proportional Representation plan.
^Indiu^-up of the Labor Temple.
;Mr, Rubinowitz, counsel for the
icompany, reminded Mr. Justice
Macdonald, who was presiding in
phambers on Wednesday, that tho
liquidator had brought the claim
bjsforo the court last Thursday,
but it so happened that he (counsel) was in chambers when the
sparing was first proposed ex parte
tand heard of the application In
that manner, and upon his objection his lordship had assented to
the application being adjourned in
order that the liquidator might
properly notify and serve papers
ion the company's counsel.
Counsel then stated that the solicitor for the other side had, however, not served him the papers
until several days later, and In
consequence, he had not had the
opportunity to flle application to
meet the statements in the application of the liquidator with regard
to work, in which It was claimed
liquidator had done, in effecting
the sale of the Labor Temple, upon
which so large a claim for remuneration had been made.
- Mr. Rubinowitz told his lordship that he had been instructed
to inform the court that Mr. Thos.
Matthews had not only first suggested the snle nf the Labor Temple by the company to the government, but wns negotiating for the
sale, when thc liquidator npplied
for an order lo wind-up the company. Mr. Rubinowitz also obpec-
ted to credit being claimed by the
liquidator for arranging for a rebate of $0000 so ns to increase his
remuneration. This also, counsel
was Instructed, wns the work of
Mr. Matthews before the liquidator
had bcen appointed.
Mr. Rubinowitz said that the
balance left over from the sale of
the Labor Temple was $7000, and
Mr. Stein, tho liquidator, was making a claim for over $8000, but
was willing to take the $7000. This
was quite magnanimous on the liquidator's part in only asking for
ail there was. Ho nsked for an
adjournment to file Mr. Matthew's
affidavit.
Mr. WilHon said that thc statements regarding the denl were "absolutely lnoccurute," and he was
glad tho adjournment was tnklng
place, as he would want to cross-
examine on nny such affidavit,
"I mny sny that I do not feel at
all favorable to granting, Ave per
cent, on such n lnrge sum on an
isolated transaction," remarked
Mr. Justice Macdonald ln granting
the adjournment. "Especially
When the larger portion went to
pay off the mortgage. It seems to
nte thnt it would be moro reasonable to claim a commission on the
equity."
British Communist Party
Is  Gaining  Many
Adherents
Says Strike Weapon Is Becoming Less Effective for
Working Class
(By Max Worth)
(European Staff Correspondent for
The Federated Press)
London—The Communist Party
of Oreat Britain has for Its chairman a short, stocky, vigorous
Scotchman named Arthur McMan
us. A machinist by profession, he
has had a long, busy career ln the
British trade union movement, and
in the shop steward movement, of
whieh he Is one of the leading
spirits,
McManus smiles at the Trades
Union Congress. To him, the work
of this congress ls like the functioning of any .other part of the
old system of society. He sees, In
the near future, a new system of
Industrial control, set up by a mass
movement of the workers of Great
Britain, and ho points to tho* attitude of the younger men to prove
his case,
"They see that lt Is too late to
expect anything from the old order," he says, "and they are turning their attention elsewhere. The
old leaders are forced to sidestep
the important issues, because, no
matter how much they desire to
do so, they have no means of facing them. What can they do?
Their moBt extreme remedy Is to
call a strike. The capitalists have
things so arranged at the present
time that even when, production
does cease, their dividends go on
just the same, so they cnn afford
to waft a while If they are compelled to.
"The worker cannot wait. His
family calls for food. His strike,
at the best, is nothing more than a
demonstration of solidarity. It is
a protest. That is all. Before the
worker can build the new world
that every one is talking about, he
must have some tools to work
with."
"Do you mean that the workers
of Great Britain are losing power?"
I asked McManus.
"Yes and no," he answered.
"Their chief weapon, the strike, Is
becoming less and less effective as
the ruling' class finds out how to
meet it. On the other1 hand, the
rank and flle of the workers are
finding this out, and are beginning
to look around for something else.
It Is that search which we believe
will lead them Into thc Communist
Party."
McManus claims a membership
of 12,000 for the party. The member's, he says, are the younger elements ln the British Socialist Party,
the Independent Labor Party and
the Socialist Labor Party.
What will be the relation be-
(Contlnued on page 8)
Real Evidence of Innocence Now Being Introduced in New Trial
(The Federated Press)
San Francisco—William H. Taylor, an old seaman, was the flrst
witness to be heard by the San
Francisco grand jury In its Investigation of the Mooney frame-up. He
told how the police shipped him
out of town beeause he had an eyewitness story that tended to prove
the Innocence of Tom Mooney and
Warren K. Billings.
A few minutes before the Preparedness Day bomb exploded,
Taylor said, he was standing at the
place of the explosion, and saw a
man place a suitcase there. Taylor conversed with this man as to
the advisability df leaving the suitcase unprotected. The man was
dark of complexion, and not an
American, according to the old
man's story.
Taylor left the corner, and a few
minutes later heard the explosion
that killed ten and maimed many
more.
The old seaman Immediately told
his story to the police, but was told
to go back to his home in Stockton.
North Vancouver F. L. P. Meeting
The reorganized local of the
North Vancouver branch of the
Federated Labor Party will hold
a meeting ln the Oddfellows Hall
on 6th St., next Wednesday evening
at 8 p.m. The speakers will be
Mrs. Corse and T. Richardson,
Subject, "The Recent Elections."
Admission  free.
P
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
IM. 0'
IS
United States Drops All
Charges Against
Him
Informntion received from Rochester, N. Y., indicates that all outstanding federal warrnnts of arrest
end deportation against C. M.
O'Brien, have been cancelled at
Washington. His bond ball has
also been cancelled and O'Brien Is
now free of charges by the various
U. S. departments of any kind.
Labor gained four seats on thc
West Hani (London, Eng.) city
council at the recent eloction. The
council Is now composed of 29
labor men and  10 Moderates.
E
May Be Made Viceroy of
India   to  Throttle
Revolutionaries
(By Paul Hanna)
(For' the Federated Press)
Washington — Diplomats here
have an interesting explanation of
the report that Winston Spencer
Churchill Is shortly to be appointed
viceroy of India.
If the report shall bo confirmed,
they say, it will mean thnt the
post of guardian oveiJ tho British
Empire in Asia is the price paid to
Churchill for his consent tu open
Ing trnde with Russin.
Churchill's firmest conviction is
said to be that a strong Soviet Russia will lead ultimately to a revolutionary India; that Eastern Europe
and Asia cannot exist half free and
half ln slavery. So he hus exhausted all available means to overthrow
the Soviet government by force.
Premier Lloyd George, the speculation runs, mny have met the
present war minister's objection to
trade with Russia by saying: "Very
well, Churchill, suppose you go to
India as viceroy, whcrij you can
keep an eye on nil manner of revolutionary propaganda, and mobilize your spies and native troops
to stamp out rebellion. India is
the spot where Russia menaces the
Empire, you take charge in India
while we go after this Russian trade
which we can't do without any longer."
An Indian viceroy's Interests extend beyond India. He Is thc keeper of the watch tower ln Asia, it
Is a task commensurate with the
ambition of Winston Spencer
Churchill.
Slocan  Strikebreakers
The socretary of the Nelson O.
B. U. reports the following acting
as strikebreakers at the Blue Bell
mine: A. Smith, Ed, Johns, Geo.
Davis, miner; Geo. Dnvls, engineer;
J. Sutcliffe, D. Sutcliffe, L. Johns,
S. McDougal, Herb Lowes, W.
Cliff, W. Bruff, O. Kaslo, J. Cuttle,
A. Charbonnean, A. Leggult, E. O.
Connell, E. Fourner Millbrad, P.
Lucrllle, Chns. Sherwln is acting as
boss herdet*.
Three Hundred Thousand
Vets Already Enlisted
to War on War
Co-operating With Labor
Movement for Destruction of Capitalism
(By Max Worth)
(Staff Correspondent for the Federated Press)
London — Three hundred thous
and men and women who served
under the British flag In the world
war are now enlisted ln the N. U.
X. (National Union of ex-Service
Men), whose members are pledged
not to take up arms in case of another war; to refuse to manufacture or transport munitions; to refuse all payment of taxes in case
of another war.
The N. U. X., to quote its general secretary,, A. Ernest Mander,
is essentially a fighting organization, No one should Join the union
unless he ls Joining for a flght."
If he does join, he will have the
satisfaction of doing his bit "In
helping comrades, and the widows
and children of the fallen; in trying to save the peoples from being drugged again through the hell
of tho world war; and in working
and fighting for the overthrow of
the existing social system, and for
setting up the Workers' Commonwealth,"
The "four purposes" of the N.
U. X. are:
"1. To protect the special Interests of the disabled and other
ex-service. men, and of tLo dependents of the fallen comrades.
"2. To defeat the 'divide nnd
conquer' tactics of the mnster
class.
(Continued on page 8)
SPECIAL MEETING OF
WOMEN'S  AUXILIARY
Women Wtll  Mako Arrangement*
for Kiddles Christmas Tree
Entertainments
There will be a special meeting
of the Women's Auxiliary of the
O. B. U. tonight (Friday) for the
purpose of forming committees and
make arrangements for the Christmas tree entertainment which is to
be held on December the 29th.
All members aro requested to
attend this meeting, as It Is only by
the co-operation of all thnt the en-
tertolnment can be made the suc-
cens-.it should be, and tho kiddiesi
given a good time. ,
CLASS SHOWING
SUIT
Many  Large  Industrial
Centres Under Socialist
Administration
Political  and  Industrial
Organizations Wo A in
Harmony
(By Mu Worth)
(Staff Correspondent ot the Federated Preu),
Paris.—Most of the large Industrial cities of central and southern .
France are Socialist That is, they
have Socialist mayors, Socialist
municipal councils and Socialist administrations. Toulouse, St. Qulen,
Toulon, Grenoble and many other
centres are wholly In control of tha
Socialist party, while Marseilles,
Lyons, Bordeaux, St. Etlonne ara
under control that ls largely Socialist.
The elections of Noember, 191»,
gave the National Chamber of
France entirely to the business
elements. The elections were held
under the spirit of the war and the
victorious peace. They were hailed
by the conservative press In'all
parts of the world aa an Indication
that the radical spirit had disappeared from French politics.
Thon came the municipal elections of December, during which
the Socialist and labor elementi
rolled up a great vote. In Grenoble and Marseilles they elected
24 out of the 36 membera of the
municipal council. In Toulon, they
elected 32 of the 36 members.
Behind these Socialist victories
at the polls, there Is the power of
organized labor. Throughout the
central and southern regions .of
France, organized labor Is radical.
Often tho secretary of the union
local will be a more radical man
thon the secretary of the Socialist
local. Very frequently, the leaders
of the labor movement ar'e also the
leaders of the Socialist movement.
It Is becoming quite usual to see
unions and trade ounclis advertising on the bill-boards tn favor of
solidarity during a strike, and ending with the words: {'Long live
revolution; long live the solidarity
of all of the workers."
Recently Immense meetings hava
been held to protest againat war
with Russia. Men of all shades of
opinion took part, and spoko tha
common language of a new .world,
controlled by those who work.
Prince Rupert Returns
The election returns to date
from the Prince Rupert constituency are: Pattullo, Liberal, 1117:
Newton, Independent, 586; Burrough, Socialist, 388; Formby,
Conservative, 886.
Put a one-cent stamp on  this
paper and mall lt to a friend.
IN
ITALY IS NEAR
Editor of Socialist Daily
Says Workers Almost
Ready
(By thc Federated Press)
Milan—"The Russian Soviet system, admirable as It is in Russia,
would work much better in Italy,'*
declared Qlnelnto Serratl, editor of
the Socialist dnily Avanti, upon hla
return from Moscow. Serratl was
imprisoned by the Italian government for anti-war activities, but released after tho Armistice was
signed.
"The Italian working class is pci-
meated with tho revolutionary
idea, and Is much more fitted to
put it into practice than the Russian workers were at the time of
their revolution.
"And with us the peasants are
not only frankly Communistic,
which they never were In Russia,
but arc highly organizod and class-
conscious.
'Our Federation of Land Workers numbers no less than 600,000
members, and thetr sympathy with
the urban workers has been demonstrated during the metallurgical workers' struggle by their offer
of food supplies,
"A political revolution must be
frankly feared as a possibility, and
even a probability, of the near future in Italy."
Be sure to notify the post offlce
as soon as you change your address.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
804 FENDER STREET WEST
MONDAY—Piledrivers.
TUESDAY—Dance, 9 to 12.   L .dies free
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
THURSDAY—Danee, 9 to 32.
SATURDAY—Christmas danee.   Speeial night. PAGE TWO
rwsLJTH tear. No. si    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAY. December IT. 18*
MEN'S
Overcoats
$15.00
A clean-up of all odd lines of Men's Over-""
coats that sold as high as $40—You will find
many extraordinary bargains in this lot
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
546 GRANVILLE STREET
I CRISIS IN
GERMANY LOSES
BIG RUSSIAN ORDER
Versailles Treaty Makes It Impossible to Execute Contract
for Locomotives
(By Phillips Price)
(Staff Correspondent for tha Fed-
atfcd Press and London Herald)
Berlin—"The contract for the
auply of German locomotives for
Russia has fallen through. Certain
clauses of the Versailles treaty haa
made it impossible to execute the
contraot."
It appears that thero was another cause for the failure of the
bargain. It was arranged that the
Society called Oekonomlscha Gesellschaft should act as a middleman
between the German engineering
firms and tho Soviet government
It waa understood that they ahould
mako no profit out of tha transaction, but the agreement had to ba
cancelled by the Soviet representative, Victor Kopp, when he found
that tho society waa making 2 per
cont. commission to cover expenses
of financing.
Inasmuch as tho total valuo of
the orders ran to two milliard
marks (1600,000,000) these "expenses," amounting to 40,000,000
marks, were considered rather excessive.
Where Is the UnioikButtonT
UNIONS UNITE TO
FIGHT INJUNCTIONS
Court Actions Prevent New Jersey
Unions from Carrying on
Successful Strike
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—Nearly one dozen
injunctions Issued against different
unions in northern New Jersey will
remain In force at least till March,
1921, It ls expected, duo to the
crowded condition of tho Court of
Errors and Appeals calendar.
A number of locals of machinists and Amalgamated Textile Worker's havo combined their forces to
oppose the issuance of injunctions
ln Industrial disputes. Tha Jersey
unions had hoped to vacate several
of tho mora drastic Injunctions
which are seriously impeding the
progress of several pending strikes.
London—A manifesto declaring
that the "British cabinet, by Its
present climax of failures, has now
plainly forfeited whatever rights lt
may have possessed to govern Ireland,"' and demanding the withdrawal of armed forces, has been
drawn up by the executive of tho
British Labor Party, It also calls
for the immediate eleotlon of a
constituent assembly to determine
with limitations a constitution for
Ireland.
NO GERMAN TOYS ,
CHINA and TOYS
A SMALL DEPOSIT HOLDS ANY ARTICLE
FANGS' CHINA
Always makes an Ideal slit.
You'll lio pleased with our
exceptional assortment.
PLAIN WHITE
Dinner set of Johnson's semi,
porcelain—new shapes.    50-
plece set for A1Q
only  «PlO
TEA BESS
21-ptece In a neat, conven-
tlonal   design;     serviceable,
pleasing;
only .......
TMCVCLES
A Una lint, all sizes; wttk or
without rubber    * B *J t_
tires. From only   VUi • V
SLEIGHS
Snowy days will soon bs here;
all kinds. Priced i ~
up from....
MECCANO
Ideal   for  the   boy—instructive and amusing, for 	
ERECTOR
The boy will like       Off.
this  „. _.. OOC
$1.00
$1.50
$6.50
MILLAR & COE
LIMITED
Headquarters for China and Tayt
419 Hastings St W. Phone Sey. 475
Put the same confidence in me
that I put in all dental work
SELECT your dentist with the same care
you do your physician. I safeguard
your interests by doing work of the highest
reputation. This thorough skill gives the
advantages of modern dentistry in all its
specialties—among which my Expression
Teeth are particularly noted for the way in
which they harmonize your expression and
give true form to facial lines.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
602 HASTINOS ST. W.
Corner Seymour
PHONE SEYMOUR 3331
Office Open Tuesday and Friday
Evenings
Victory Bonds accepted in payment for dental work.
THE COST OF
DENTISTRY
for tha ipecialiie d work dont,
tha highest grade material! em*
ployed and the necessity of
good dentistry to your health
—my treatments art the beat
valued Investment yoa can
make. And, because I oporate
my own laboratory and have a
wide lipprociniion of my work
—tho prioe yuu pay ia low.
DR.   BRETT  ANDERSON,   formerly member of the Faculty of the
College of Dentistry, University of Southern  California,  Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Dumonstrator iu 1'latowork and Opera,
tivo Dentistry, Local and Oeneral Anaesthesia.
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
President Lewis Declines
to Answer Charges
of Williams
(By Enoch Williams)
Written for the Federated Preaa
(Thia l» the third and last of a
series of articles by Enoch Williams, the leader of the anthracite
miners ln District No. 1 of the
United Mine Workers. President
John L. Lewis was invited by the
Federated Presa to answer these
articles lf he desired, but he declined.)
in.
An End to Interference.
Taylor, Penn.—What do the rank
and file of the United Mine Workers mean when they say that they
want to put a stop to coal operators' Interference with the affairs
of their union? Why does the plain
ordinary miner consider this
issue In the miners' election? Is
it the hot air of "agitators" or a
fact which th* miner knows? I
shall citt some facts from the
regions near Soranton in District
No. 1 of the U. M. W.
Across the valley from here I can
see Plttston, where 10,000 miners,
mostly Italians, waged a solid strike
all last summer and this fall and
won it, and stand ready to strike
again to enforce their victory. Last
spring they were unorganized
slaves, now they have real conditions. And not only was the
U. M. W. no help to them, but the
appearance of the U, M. W. district
or national officials signalled to
these miners that a "sell-out" was
coming. Why do these miners see
coal operation influence in what
U. M. W. officials do?
Right after- their victory, the
workers at Hllldale declare, the
m|ne bosses were going around*
among them distributing union
dues-cards and telling the men they
must go across the river to Wyoming and Join a Uttle union of 90
or 100 there. They were told to
get out of their own organization
at the time, 600 strong, and join
the other because the Wyoming is
an "administration local," some of
whose officers are foremen. It Is a
local not famous for standing up
for the men and pushing grievances
to a settlement but rather for good
"vote-boosting" in past elections.
.   Buying Out Leaders
Another instance. The leader of
the Hllldale miners, CapelUnt, a
cripple whom they trust ImpUlctly,
promptly told the Pennsylvania
Coal Company that those irine
bosses would have to go. The coal
corporation asked for time. Capel-
linl soon found out what for. On
November 1 the corporation officers
and the U. M. W. district officials
held a meeting at Scranton. Then
on November 3 the district officials
suddenly approached CapelUnt and
oil'ercd him a job as national organizer at $10 a day and expenses.
They seemed to be sure the
national president would confirm the offer. Capelllnl asked what
he must do lf he took it. They
said that first he must tell the
miners to take up all grievances
thtough the regular U. M. W.
channels and afterwards he would.
probably be sent to West Virginia,
where they needed an Italian or*
ganizer badly.
Now what Capelllnl knew was
that his 10,000 Plttston miners
would regard taking a U. M. V,
Job as a sell-out and that thdh they
would be loft leaderless. To flnd
out more he gave the district offi
clais the idea that he would accept
ln a few days.
In 48 hours he got hts answer.
The men at the mines began coming to him saying that the mine
bosses were passing the word that
"somebody waB coming in out of
the wet" and "trouble would soon
be over." A privately made union
offer had gone the rounds straight
through the corporation's channels.
An administration whose sanction
Is regarded by plain miners as a
sell-out Is a real issue in the
U. m. W. The plain miner sees
good Job after job at the mines
awarded to men on the say-so of
administration officials. He sees
state mine inspectors working
alongside coal company officials,
both openly advocating the election
of "administration men" In district
elections, and he sees certificates,
qualifying miners for foremen,
peddled out to "administration
pets."
Officials Get Cossack Aid
In the Plttston strike district
officials went to Wyoming to got
the men back and took state constabulary cossacks along to protect
them. The strikers stayed out In
defiance of the district officials and
won concessions which the officials
said could never be won. No wonder that out of 65,000 hard coal
miners In this district only 12,000
have Joined the U. M. W. But
30,000 of the miners here sent
delegates to our Wllkesbarre
"strike convention," while the administration called us "outlaws."
Do the "outlaws" want wild
things? No. Just to have the
union agreeemnts enforced. The
district officials Btill haven't got the
miserable 17 per cent, advance of
lost September enforced ln mines
hereabout.
Distrusted by Mlnen
In half the U. M. W. districts it
Is the same. In No. 6, the Pittsburg
district, 80 locals represented by
150 delegates held a convention
three weeks ago to enforce payment
for cleaning up rockfalis. It Is the
only district where the companies
pay nothing for cleaning rock. And
the district officials there called the
delegates "outlaws," though the
constitution provides that they must
grant a convention on call of 60
locals, Pittsburg li known as another "administration district"
What the miners want Is an end
to a regime which Is distrusted by
plain miners and openly boomed by
coal operators' Journals, When we
get clean unionism, then we can go
on to find out what we really want
when we advocate nationalization.
(By Anise)
(Staff Correspondent fo't-tl
* elated Press).'
When you are out of a Jab   .
ThlB winter, — —
And HUNGRY, j,
Say to yourself:    "There Isn'i
ANYONE to blame for this! !
It wasn't the spite
Of the BOSS -
That threw me out! ;;>i j
It wasn't the Associated. Indus-
tries .-■'/I ]
Attacking Labor! -   »
But It was merely this:
I and my fellow-worken
Worked HARD,
And bail good machinery
To work with, , '
And we produced
So MUCH goods
That we couldn't USB it!.
Oh, no, THAT Isn't true;
Of course we could USE It
If we had lt,
But they never1 gave us
WAGES enough
To buy back what we mad*.
WE only got a part
Of the values we created,   I
And so that EXTRA gooda
Kept piling up,
Suits and shoes and food-stuffs
Till now—
There is so much of It
That WE
Aren't NEEDED any more
To make it
And so
It's soup-kitchens
And bread-lines       * •  *   ■
And  Flop-houses
For US
Until we are needed again!
"We used to think
Our* was a world of MEN
And THINGS were valued only
If they served MEN,
But now we know it Is
A world of THINGS
And MEN are only valued
For making THINGS!
When all the tilings are made
That can be sold,
The MEN are told:
"You are not WANTED now."
Maybe iheir1 wives want them
And their children want them
And their friends want them,
But the THINGS
Don't want them,
And that's what counts!
And so we wait and hunger
BECAUSE
We raised too much food;
And so we shiver with cold
BECAUSE
We made too much warm clothing;
And because we might not keep
The clothing and food
But pieces of silver' Instead
That would not buy lt back;
Thts Is what men call
The system of WAGESI
After a while, perhaps,
When we have hrfngered enough
The THINGS
WiU need us again!
Buy at a union store.
Will Now Be More Under
Control of Imperial
Propagandists
(By Gordon Cascaden)
(Staff Correspondent for* the Federated Press)
Toronto, Ont.—Canada's overseas' news will now come through
English instead of United States
channels. Thirty men, representing 80 of the largest newspapers in
the Dominion so decided at a meeting In Montreal recently.
The Canadian Press, Ltd., a government subsidized press association, operated along lines simitar to
the Associated Press of the Uinitjod
Press of the United States, authorized the board of directors to#nier
Into an agreement for the British
news service of Router's .News
Agency. It will be edited In {Lon
don by Canadian press editors and
carried to Canada by direct c^Woj
Progressive Labor men, as wp-11
as thoso active tn the Farmer's
movement declare that the change
from United States capitalistic
channels to Reuters will mean
merely that British, instep :of
United States "big business'' Jo jto
serve the news that Canada's! ye\o-
ple are compelled to read .1^.,'tjhe
Dominion's daily press. They .believe that Canada Is to be the victim of a gigantic news propaganda
movement, and declare that the
Imperial Press Conference, which
met in Canada during the past
summer, was the forerunner of this
propaganda campaign. Lord Burh
ham, of the London Daily Telegraph, and publisher of the Northcliffe and other big London dallies,
as well as newspaper chieftains
from Australia, New Zealand,
South Africa and othor parts of
the British Empire, attended this
convention, following which they
toured the Dominion. In frequent
addresses here they emphasized the
need for an all-British news service
and since their" return home, they
have continued to discuss lt
British Labor spokesmen, .including tho representative of the
British Trades Union Congress sent
to Canada to attend tbe Dominion
Trades and Labor Congress convention in Windsor, in September,
warned Canadians and all within
the Empire to beware of, the
schemes of these newspaper magnates who meant to further imperialism by their activities.
S
AT
BULGARIAN COMMUNISTS
MAKE   GREAT   GAIN
Beat Down Bitter Opposition of
Government Fortes in
Many Cities
Vienna.—Reports of the results
of the municipal elections held In
Bulgaria early this month show
that tho Communist Party made
another remarkable gain, despite
the bitter opposition of the government forces.
The Communists polled a majority of votes and will take over
tho city administration in Kuesten-
dll, Dupnitza, Lompalank and
Paschmakll, and they captured 11
of the 24 seats in the municipal
council of Bulgaria's second city,
Phillpolls. Their vote grew In trio
country towns, at the expense) of
the Agrarians—the governn)6nt
party.
MEIGHEN GOVERNMENT |
GETS NOTIOE TO QUIT
Ontario Labor Man  Says  Handwriting Is one Uie Wall fajjf ■
Coalitionists to cGt Out   l   ,
Toronto.—Demands for dissolution of the present Dominion Ptr-
Uament continue to increase since
the triumph of the Farmer-Lftrbor
forces ln the East Elgin by-efelc-
tlon. '  '
Dr. H. A. Stevenson, Labor lhfehi-
ber of the Ontario Legislature for
London ' soys: "The East Elgin
result is more than the handwriting on the wall. It's a straight
order to get out. The Meighen government Is 'done' Just as soon aa
the people get a chance to express
themselves."
Lenin Is reported as saying: "Our
nation, which for three years resisted imperialism everywhere, has
become an international factor. By
granting mining and industrial
concessions to America, we shall
gain further material success over
the capitalist countries, because,
Instead of fighting us, they will be
compelled to watch over our semi rltv."
Members of U. S. Congress Want Nation to
Foster Militarism
(By Paul Hanna)
(Staff  correspondent  of tht Federated Press)
Washington, D.C. (Wn. Bureau)
—War has broken out In Congress between those who want a
big standing army and a navy
"second to nono" and those who
demand universal military training for the youth of the land.
Poverty has reduced thiB conflict. There Is not enough money
In sight to pay for both systems
of "preparedness." By March
there may not be enough In sight
to pay for either system, as planned at present.
The army and navy departments
are asking for some $1,500,000,000
for the "regular" armed establishments during the next fiscal year,
Congresman Julius Kahn, leader of
the militarists, says his universal
training scheme would cost a mere
$5,000,000, but floor leader Mondoll
declares lt would coBt $1,300,000,
000. Mondell ia frightened by the
state of the treasury and wants to
slash  appropriations  all   around,
Secretary of war Baker will be
called before the house military
committee at an early date and
asked to explain (In secret If he
prefers) which country he ls preparing to flght with the big army
he ls demanding at once. A like
Invitation to the secretary of the
navy ls probable.
Japan is feverishly adding to
her navy, but nobody can say
whether it Is to resist attack from
the United States or to launch an
attack herself. Others profess to
see an early war with Great
Britain, America having emerged
from tho world war as the trade
'menace" to England, which Germany was In 1914.
There remains Mexico. Mexico's
fate, in one Important respect, has
been settled In the minds of those
who will assume charge at Washington next March. She must submit to an American protectorate,
or to outright annexation.
UNION TO OPEN
CO-OP HAT FAOTORY
Hat  Makers Union  to  Operate n
9100,000 Factory In the
United States
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Three thouasnd
members of the Unfted Hat and
Cap Makers Union, who crowded
Cooper Union auditorium, responded lustily to the appeal for funds
with whloh to finance the establishment of a co-operative hat factory by that union.
More than $25,000 of the $100,-
000 required for the factory was
raised by pledges during the meeting. President Max Zaritsky, of
the union, announced that the executive board was communicating
with the Chicago locals of the
union, and tliat lf the New York
factory succoeds, others will be established in Chicago and elsewhere.
OFFICIALS MUST SATISFY LABOR COUNCIL
Seattlo Council Doesn't Like Tactics of Various Iutcrnntional
Union Organizers,
(By the Federated Press)
Seattlo, Wash.—Officials of international unions called to Seattle
to settle strikes ln the future must
consult the Central Labor Council
about such settlements, the council has voted. Hope Lodge of the
machinist's union, submitted the
resolutions. Delegates charged that international officials
called to Seattle ln connection with
strike matters had made unsatisfactory settlements. In many
cases, lt was declared, these settlements were on a lower basis than
employers would have been willing
to accept from the local union,
which had successfully conducted
the fight
Sydney, Nova Scotia—Striking
railroad men offered to refer their
differences with the Dominion
Iron and Steel Company to the
Railway Board of Adjustment, but
Canada's largest steel corporation
refused to submit to a government
conciliation board. Labor organizations often are compelled to accept government arbitration when
powerful corporations make application.
Patrnn.**   Witt,    ariirtrttura
Ending of Dispute Means
the Formation of Big
U. S. Union
(By Laurence Todd)
Staff Correspondent for  the   Federated Press)
Washington.—Decision by the
executive council of tho American
Federation of Labor of the dispute
between the California and the
Texas groups In the Oil Workers'
Union as to their goneral presidency,, haa been ratified by all parties, and the way is cleared to
create In the oil industry one of
the most aggressive, complete and
constructive labor bodies on this
continent. Three hundred thousand men, handling a larger output
per man than la the case In any
other Industry, are to be formed
Into a modern industrial union.
The official title of this "baby
giant," which claimed only 80,000
members last June, and less than
one-third of that number three
years ago, is the International Association of Oil Field, Gus Well
and Refinery Workera of America.
ItB moving spirit Is Walter Yarrow, who formed the flrat local
unions in the California field, and
who has built up the California
group from utter helplessness to a
condition ln which the minimum
wage fa $6.50 a day and the skilled'
men ln refineries get as high as $12
for eight hours. In addition, every
man under the union agreements ln
California gets 25 cents a day
bonus, at the end of the year, lf no
contracts have been violated.
Yarrow, who holds no executive
office, but Is the fighting personality of the whole organisation, is a
high-priced geologist, using most of
his timo and private Income In
preaching organization and teaching scientific study of the industry
to the mon.
California operators who discussed the situation with the president's mediation commission, ln
1919, agreed with Jamea Lord,
president of the Mining Trades
department of the A. F. of L., that
the oil Industry lends itself naturally and In perilous degree to
sabotage on the part of discontented workers. Any man in charge of
wells, pipelines or refinery machinery is In a position to do end-
'.ess damage is he so minded. The
condltlona favor strong unionization. Even Standard Oil, which
refuses to deal with the union thus
far, has been compelled to pay tbe
union scale and meet union condl
tions. Its workors are now rapidly
enrolling In the forces directed by
Yarrow and Stlckel, not only in
California, but in Texas, Oklahoma,
Louisiana, Weat Virginia and
other regions.
Organization of the Mexican
oil fields has not yet been taken
up, but It will come within a short
time, since the American and Mexican oil production and distribution
system is virtually one. An industrial union which covers oil production and^ refining on the North
American continent will control the
future fuel supply of the commerce and naval power of half the
world. It will become one of the
most potent factors ln the American Federation of Labor.
Our Season-End Sale
offers stylish "From Maker to Wearer"
Suits, Coats and Dresses at greatly re-.
duced prices. Then, too, those are very
newest garments produced by Famous
designers. You have only to see them
to realize what a rare opportunity is
being given you.
i       —From Maker to Wearer—
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
New Granville
ken, and aa a great amount of
educational work has got to be carried out, all the literature that can
be epared, ihould be sent Into this
diatrict
WANT BIOGRAPHY OP
PRIVATE DETECTIVES
!f
States Workers Apathetic
and Pleads for
Unity
Organizer MacKenzie, representing the general executive board of
the.O. B. U., in his roport rendered recently,  has the  following to
say:
Conditions .In northern Ontario,
as regards organization, are far
from being satisfactory, and there
Is need of a more united und determined effort boing put forth by
all classess of workers, irrespective of what organization they belong to. The workers have fallen
Into a stato of apathy and the lack
of sspenkers and roal live job and
camp delegates are In a large way
responsible for the lack of Interest shown by the workera. The
jurisdictional scrap and overlapping, which is being carried on to
a large oxtcnt ln this north country, between the O. B. U. and the
I. L. W. organization, Is also responsible for a great deal of the
discontent and mlBtrust manifested
by the workors towards tho O. B.
U., as the average worker can not
understand why two such organizations, supposedly of the same
union, should be divided. The class
of work which constitutes the main
industry of Northern Ontario, readily adapts Itself to a great deal of
Interchange of workers throughout
the various other industries, and
thus'we find a man a minor one
month, and In the bush the next,
and perhaps working in the paper
mill or on construction of same,
of which there are a number under
construction at the present time
In this Province,
After travelling the district, I
was convinced that the only way
to successfully organize and prevent overlapping, was co-operation
between the I. L. W. and the O. B.
U. For tbls purpose Scotty Mao-
millan, Major and myself, visited
Cochrane, to meet District Secretary Crandell, of the I. L. W., and
although no definite agreement was
arrled at, there ls hope that ln the
near future the Interests of the
workers as a whole will be considered, irrespective of wh .t form the
organization shall tako. The possibilities of Northern Ontario, as regards organization are splendid.
With a united O. B. U.,
there ahould be remarkable progress made, for as far aa opposition
Is concerned, from the International, It Is null and void. I would
ask lf it were possible at all that
tho general executive board of tho
O. B, U. give as much assistance
aa It is within their1 power to give
In   (h* wuv of iii'iiuni-mru ond  uneu-
Judge Steps tn to Aid of "Dicks" In
Opposition to O trolt City
Ordinance
(By the Federated Press)
Detroit, Mich.—Temporary Injunctions restraining the city authorities from enforcing the detective ordinance adopted at the
general election In the city of Detroit, have been granted by Federal
Judge Tuttle and Circuit Court
Judge Goff.
This ordinance was sponsored by
the Detroit Federation of Labor,
and provides for the licensing and
bonding of private detectives and
private detective agencies. If enforced by the city authorities, It
would compel each private "dick"
to give his personal biography and
records which would be open to
the public.
New York—Refusing to yield s
Inch of ground won during thj wi
period, 40,000 member's of th<
Amalgamated Clothing Worken
in 18 crowded meetings, Dee. I
rejected unanimously the ultima
turn of the Clothing Manufacturer)
Association. The next day, tht
workers were baok at tbelr ma
chines, waiting ior the manufao
turers to put Into effect their threat
to impose piece rates, reduce
wages, and unrestricted discharge
upon the union.
-Whero ls your anion button?
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
tl HiMUCi Itmt WM
CAL-VAN
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Market
BUT TOUR CHRISTMAS PROVISIONS HERB
SEVENTEEN  INDEPENDENT  MERCHANTS   COMPETING UNDER ONE ROOF
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Givo us a trial and see what you save.
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Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Pleats
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds,' Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
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FLORISTS AND NTOSEBYMMT
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Westminster Brewery Oo. 'FRIDAY.. December 17, 1920
'■_'
twelfththr. no. bi THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST"" vancouveb. bc.
*
PAGE THREE
%Zt ' ■ ' ■ i
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
THIS PAGE IS PAID FOR BY THE LUMBER  OAMP AND AGRICUIiTURAIi WORKERS DEPARTMENT OP THE ONE BIG UNION.   OFIN1UAS EXPRESSED THEREIN ARE NOT NECESSARILY ENDORSED BY THE FEDERAMONIST.
The Structure of Soviet Russia
THE FOLLOWING extraets are
from the pamphlet, "The
Structure of Soviet Russia,"
by Wilfred It. Humphries, for 11
months a working Y. M. C. A. secretary In Soviet Russia. The pamphlet la published by Chas. H.
Kerr & Co. The diagrams fire reprinted in the pamphlet from the
Christian  Science Monitor.
Par from the Soviets having plunged Russia into anarchy, it was
their resolute seizure of power that
saved Russia from completely going over' the brink. Tliis dynamic
determined group of city workers
city' takes a genoral interest in
everything that dffects child life,
and sends delegates to the city Soviet just the same as does any trade
or professional union.
The number, of delegates from
each union to the city Soviet Is
proportionate; to its membership.
The idea of continuous representation Is recognized. Unions have
the right to recall or instruct their
delegates at any time. It is diill-
cult for a delegate long to act contrary to the wishes of those who
elected him.
Obviously a council or soviet on
pository of all power for the ensuing six months receiving Its mandate from the congress that elected
it, reporting Its acts to the next
congress, and then resigning. Its
members are eligible for re-election to the next central executive
committee.
Under this system changes of
government personnel can be easily
made, yet there Is opportunity for
continuity. Good representatives
may remain In offlce indefinitely,
though always removable.
The Proportional Representation
system Ib used by the All-Russian
and younger peasants-was compactly organized, and had a clean-
out programme.
Kerensky had tried coalition
government, the democratic union
of all classes, but It had failed.
The landlords and captains of Industry had frustrated hts efforts to
realize In practice the great soeial
changes that the masses were demanding.
When the Soviets, led by the Bolshevists, assumed power, they deolared for working class dictatorship during the transition period.
They didn't believe that the propertied classes could be expected
to assist In the work of destroying
capitalism,
Bad the big landlords and the
which Is at least one delegate fr'om
every occupational group is likely
to be a large body. I saw small
town Soviets of no more than 50
members. Petrograd and Moscow
Soviets had from a thousand to
12,000 delegates. The whole body
meets monthly or oftener, though
to meet the emergencies of war-
making during the past year there
has been a tendency to delegate
their powers and to have fewer
elections.
The soviet as a whole appoints
subcommittees, usually of three, on
housing, public safety, food control, public health, the people's
education, social welfare, the people's courts, Qtc. During the past
year there were also "extraordin-
congresses in appointing tho central exeoutlve committeo. Each
political party within the congress
—Communist, Mensheviet, Social-
Revolutionary and so on—ls entitled to appoint Its exact proportion,
Not Introducing Communism
Though the government party In
Russia Is the Bolshevik or Com'
munist Party, ls lt not communism
that they are now Introducing.
Contrary to general Impression,
they are not paying equal salaries,
and they are not socUiIizing all Industries. Though their ultimate
aim Is communism they believe, I
think, that Russia will have to go
through    the    same    purgatorial
\tStSuSj\
Mfcpw
eoMw/rt
nAwtmmim
Wrm'Hnmlkt
CO-MINCfiS-V/OON
Organltedlocally,
rtynnt/lu ana
mtiintVji
Aptoiittts cne-Mrd
efi-CMlCt/itnl
M6IMAL HON0HIC C0im(IL\
GmprutO tf dt/eptts Ava
AU the sttt. amiMfm. loot,
unionsin—ottltfm'rti.mAlii
theindintriuinttut rflSC
Me/flt td/utt eiipi/tts
Axoinlitm of Me /mmmkt
In uct el Me ml/om ffretl
fttteriuaitltiit ihjuriMiaiin.
//- tat dt/tfiles iv lh*
Supreme—woa/c Council
nxme wosxbk omqn
Oromiied/ottllu J
reficnellymitn'timHy
kh QM-Mu'rd et
retiil* Central
owners of Industrial capital been
less stubborn and stiff-necked when
Ihey had their chance under Kerensky, they might have held much
ef their power for many years, and
- they could have had a measure of
oompenaation for what wae taken
from them, but they seemed to
have little comprehension of the
social forces that were at work.
They believed that Industrial and
atrarlan unrest could be met with
machine guns and cajolery. And
so, for good or for HI, thei'e came
the Bolshevik revolution, by whloh
the proletariat seized all power.
The Political Organization
Taking the place of our aldermanlc chambers or city councils,
eaeh town and city ln Soviet Russia Is governed by a Soviet. The
word bovlct moans oouncll. This
Soviet ls a delegate body, the delegates coming from all the trade
and profeeslonal unions ln the
city, trom every group doing socially useful work whether by hand or
'brain. Delegates are sent not only
from the machinists, tho plumbers
ud the carpenters unions, but alio
by the medical union, the teaehers,
th* clerical workers and even by
the mothers association.
Rome making and child rearing
an considered to be ln the highest
elass of soolally useful work, and
the mothers associations In eaeh
FbW Aid.
Flnt Aid Instruction Classes will
commence January i. The Compensation Beard will arrange olais.
ss previous to that date lf twenty
•r mere will attend.	
ary commissions to combat counter-revolution." The chairmen of
all these commissions or collegl-
ume together form the central exeoutlve committee of the city soviet.
In making appointments- to these
collegium, the city soviet is not obliged to appoint from within lte
own ranks.
In the large cities there are district or ward Soviets, built up from
tbe house block committees and
shop committees of the ward. They
carry out the orders of the city
central soviet and play a large
part In the housing and food-control systems.
Village Soviets
The Innumerable village Soviets,
made up of farmers, of course, send
delegates to regional et provincial
Soviets, and thence to the all-Russian congresses of workmen's and
peasants' deputies.
All-Russlnn Congresses of Soviets
Periodically there are held great
congresses of delegates from all the
city and provincial Soviets, According to the constitution, they
must be convened twice a year1. Act
tually there have been seven suoh
congresses during these Ilrst two
and a quarter eventful years of the
Soviet regime, so many have been
ths orles to be met. At the sessions of the third and fourth all-
Rueslan congresses that I attended,
there were from 1000 to 1200 delegates from oity and provincial Soviets all over the eountry. The
congresses are usually ln session
tor from six te fifteen days,
On the last day before adjourning, ther appoint a central executive oommlttee ot 100 to be the re-
STRIKES
ACTIVE ENGAGEMENTS ON THE
FIRING LINE
Lapan Log Co..
...Jackson Bay
Metalliferous Mines ...Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
stages of economlo development
that other' countries have gone
under proletarian control of the
through. But they believe that
state they can consciously accelerate the rate of evolution and hurry
through the different stages that
must bo passed through before the
country will be ripe for communism.
The political soviet structure that
I havo been describing Is considered to be temporary, as Is the scaffolding around a building. It enables the permanent enduring
structure to be built. Having captured the political state tho workers of Russia are now turning their
hands to the work of constructing
the people's palace of the new economlo order1. Danger threatened
from the syndicalist tendencies of
some of the industrial unions who
wanted to run their Industries
without considering the Interests of
the country as a whole. The co-
relation and Interlocking of the Industries was Imperative. Industries
using publlo capital, such as the
railroads, or exploiting such natural resources as the underground
stores of coat, oil, copper, iron, etc.,
could not be turned over for management exclusively to the industrial unions concerned, for the
public has a paramount Interest.
To co-relate these Industries,
there has gradually been evolved
the Supreme Couneil of Publlo
Economy.
It had been created while the
more prominent political body, the
Soviet, was struggling to preserve
the existence of the republic from
enemies within and without. As
Philips Price well puts it: "The
Supreme Council of Publlo Economy was the tool designed to create
the new order ln Russia; the Soviet waa only the temporary weapon to protect the hands that worked that tool."
Tbe Economlo Organization of Soviet Russia .
Russian Industries today may be
divided Into three groups: (1) The
privately-owned; (2). Tho co-operative;   (t)  The nationalized.
In point of establishments, the
privately-owned form still tho lar
gest group, but they are mostly (be
moderate-sized or small concerns.
Under certain conditions they can
get credit from the State Bank.
The Bolsheviki consider It advantageous to have1 the three systems operating side by side. If.
any one thinks that by his superior
energy and intiative he can compete with the nationalized or cooperative industries, why not? It
would be stimulating to the socialized Industries. Obviously, In order to attract Labor he would have
to pay wages at least as high sa
those the workers could get in the
socialized factories and would have
to treat them as well-
Many large establishments where
the owners were amenable to control and got along well with 'their
workers, were not nationalised,
Technically they were, but actually they were not. The title to his
plant passed from the owner to
the government.
The diagram's may serve to make
clear the organization that has
been evolved, or rather Is still
evolving, for it is not a pretty Uttle
scheme conceived In any one man's
brain or existing only on paper.
Like Topsy, lt "Just growed."
The Supreme Council of Public
Economy represents all elements
engaged ln production. Hours and
wages ln the nationalized factories
aro determined by this body
Appointing Managers
To manage each Industry, there
Is a "central" or board of directors,
composed of nine membera. Taking, for example, the coal industry,
to manage all the coal mines in
Soviet Russia there Is a "Coal Cen<
tral" of nine members appointed
as follows: Three by the National
Coal Miners Union (practical wor
kers), three by the Supreme Council of Public Economy (the publlo)
and the remaining three are technical experts appointed upon recommendation of the coal mine
managers.
To manage each mine or group
of mines there is a board of three
managers. One comes from the
workers, elected either directly or
through their mine committee, and
whom they may change at any
time. The second member is appointed from Moscow by the Coal
Central, a technical mining engineer, and the third coems from1
the regional economic council,
body representing all the workers!
ln all the Industries of that econo-)
mlc region.
Managers Have Real Power
To these managers and technical
experts In given real power. They
are not at the mercy of the chance
voto of a lot of more or less Ignorant workers. They have power to
hire and to "flre," tempered by the,
fact that thare is machinery for
appeal and adjustment.
In many nationalized establish'
ments now the day or weekly wage
has given way to a modified piece-*
work system or premium wago
scale that stimulates productivity
and rewards efficiency.
There Is much work, however,
that can not be measured ln terms
of product, as for Instance, executives* technical engineers, clerical
workers, teachers and other pro
fesslonal people. '
All such occupations are classified Into 27 groups (with subgroups) ranging from the young,
unskilled laborer or boy Just entering Industry, up to the technical
experts and executives at the top,
with salaries ranging between 1200
roubles a month minimum up to
4000 roubles a month maximum.
The "maximum" Is exceeded sometimes by any sum rfecessary to secure some desired technical expert,
though it ls regarded as a defection from principle.
Doctors, dentists and nurses may
practice privately, as before, or
they may be employed by the departments of public health which
are rapidly socializing medicine.
Priests are no longer In the pay of
a state church, but are now paid
by their congregations. Lawyers,
as such, were hard hit. Some former lawyqers were appointed as
Judges In the new People's Courts
of Equity. It Is surprising to find
how many lawyers were revolutionists and themseles regarded their
former profession aB parasitic, Lenin himself was once a lawyer. Professional lawyers have been supplanted by a system of courts elected by the Soviets and acting according to the principles of what they
call common sense Justice.
Foreign Trade
When the blockade shall have
been broken and foreign trade resumed, Imports and exports will be
a government monopoly, managed
by a department of the Supreme
Council of Public Economy. In selling goods to Soviet Russia, expenses of salesmanship, advertising
and long-time credits will be eliminated. Russia will get the beneflt
of large-scale buying, getting competitive bids from English, American, French and German manufacturers.
The government has expressed
unwillingness, to buy goods made
by cheap labor, as It might In the
Orient. If practicable, Soviet Russia plans to require on every piece
of goodB bought by them the union
label, and a guarantee that no child
labor has entered Into Its manufacture.
Available to pay for first purchases lt has stores of hemp, hides,
flax, timber, platinum and gold. Iti
has two hundred million dollars ln
gold bullion Immediately available,
Gold ls no longer required for.
Internal financial purposes. We
keep gold roseres only for trade
with foreign countries, As soon as
the blockade Is raised, we Intend to
purchase large quantities of manufactured products abroad, paying
for them with gold and raw materials such as lumber, woo], hemp,
flax and cotton.
Internally, money has lost some
of Its former Importance, since we
have nationalized the Industries
and commorco. Even now, when
our textile trust buys coal from the
fuel trust, no actual money ls
transferred from tbe treasury of
the flrst trust to tha of ho second,
bt the value ln mnnoy Is entered
on the bookB. Tho banks have become centres of social book-kep-
Ing. Since both trusts are owned
by the government, the deposits of
one are equalized by the surpluses
of I     other In the state treasury.
Camp Reports
PRINCE GEORGE DISTRICT
Blaln & Co.'s Tie Camp, Foreman
.Re the conditions that exist In
these camps, which are three in
number, viz., Blaine's, Pearson
and Gouchys.
In the flrst two, the conditions
are not so Intolerable, but there Is
much room for Improvement, such
as proper bath house and dry-
house facilities, one deck bunks
and mattresses, etc.
In the last mentioned camp, you
flnd a set ot conditions that many
a respectable farmer would not
subject his hogs to. Two men to
a bunk, two tier In height, with
sometimes a little straw for bed
ding, If you are successful In robbing the horses' mangers. No bath
house or any means for a slave to
dry his soggy clothes, except ln the
bunk house, which draws heavily
on the none too great supply of
oxygen, ln a room approximately
24xS0x8, which contains 24 apparently contented slaves, with no
means of ventilation, except to
open the hole ln the wall known
as the door.
The boss In very Jubilant manner the other day made the remark that they would soon havo
the tie-hackers where they wanted
them, saying that he had found all
kinds of blanket-stiffs, lying at the
folding broke; who were willing to
'work for $40 a month, and that ln
face of the fact that Just a day or
two before, he had made the bombastic remarks that they (viz., the
hay-wire petit bourgeoise subcontractor) had stayed together ln
their demands that they get an ln
crease of 7c a tie, from the peo
pie's railroad.
Oh! you abject and docile slaves,
when shall ye awaken? Surely
you can at least have the nerve to
demand that, while you are engaged ln a great national project,
like the manufacturing of ties for
the government railway, you can
enjoy the protection of that government to the extent that It will
compel these "blood-sucking, parasitical drones," such as the one
mentioned, to respect the sacred
law of the land. Make your own
laws In your own home, which Is
the camp. We can havo a camp
Inspector visit our camp, as the
bosses' guest, and return a favor-
Able report for him, but until we
by our solidarity at the point of
contact with the master, compel
him to recognize our rights, we
will be the poor exploited slaves
that we are.
DEL.  8926.
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
' Convention Call
'To all delegates: This Is .to no
tify you that there Is a district cop'
ventlon of the Lumber, Camp &
Agricultural department of the O.
ti. U., to be held in the L. W. I. U.
hall on the 23rd of December, 1820.
Convention opens at 10 o'clock
sharp.
J. L. PETERSON,
Sec-treas. Kamloops DUtrlct
GREEN POINT RAPIDS
At a meeting held at Campbell's
camp, on Doc. 6, the following resolutions were adopted:
Resolution 1: "That we demand
the publishing of clause 2 of our
previous  resolutions."
Resolution 2: "That the L. W. I.
U. should get a paper of their own,
and discard The Federatlonist."
Resolution 3: "We demand the
reason why this camp didn't receive any ballots In regard to the
actions of the delegates at Port
Arthur, while claiming the majority of the member's endorsed their
action."
Resolution 4: "We would like Information as to the counting result
#f clause 5 of the Coast District
rc'orpiilum, with a majority of 20
given for both yes and no."
^solution 6: "That we concur
with the Thunder Bay district of
the O. B. U„ referring to affiliation with the I. W. W., also with
their motion for the Industrialist
as official organ."
—Delegate and Camp Com,
FORT FRANCES DISTRICT
A basket social was held ln the
Workers' Hall, Fort' Frances, on
the night of December 4, for the
beneflt of the O.B.U. A very enjoyable evening was spent by a large
crowd. After a short talk on Industrial organization, flowers and
baskets wcro auctioned off by Fellow-worker Wickstrom. Dancing
was then resumed and continued
till midnight. The sum of $66.55
was reallzod, which was turned
over to the L. C. & A. W. Dept. of
the O. B. U.
ORGANIZER SIMPSON.
COAST DISTRICT CONVENTION
.The coast district convention of
tho L, C. and A. W. Dept. of the
O. B.U. will be held ln Vancouver
on the week ommenclng January
10, 1921. Tho convention will be
called to order at 61 Cordova street
West, at 10 a. m.
I The basis of representation will
be one delegate for the first fifty
.(50) members or less, and one (1)
additional delegate for each additional 50 members or major fraction thereof.
li The'coast exocutive has decided
that those delegates who came
from a camp that Is still operating,
and who are going to return to
lhat camp will be paid their transportation and $3 per day for expenses while attending the convention, providing they represent
twent-slx (26) members or more.
All delegates who are In town, and
represent camps that have closed
down, will not receive any remitn-
Monoy is thus used only as a measure of value. Under complete nationalization money would disappear aa a purchasing power. Gold
would then bc used for dental nnd
similar purposes within soviet Russia, nnd for foreign purchases,
Tho ultimate dream of many In
Soviot Russia Is that when the workers rule ln Europe and battle-
flags are furled, then thc European
states, with llnkcd-up railroads and
a common currency, will evolve for
tho purposes of their' oconomic life
Into the United States of Europe,
without monarchies, without armies and without customs barriers.
eration whatsoever.
At the regular meeting on December 26, delegates will be nomi
nated to represent those members
tn town who are not represented by
a delegate. Credentials bearing the
nominees' name will be hung In the
office, and any member in good
standing who has not already -voted for a delegate in camp can write
his name and card number on the
credential of any nominee he
chooses, but can only vote for one
nominee. Any nominee receiving
twenty-six (26) signatures or more,
shall be recommended to the convention to be seated as a delegate.
Signed on behalf of the Coast
Executive.
J. M. CLARKE,
Coast District Secretary-
PRINOE GEORGE DISTRICT
Blaln A Co.'s Tie Camp, Foreman.
Ro the conditions that exist ln
these camps, which are three In
number, viz., Blaines, Pearson, and
Gouchys.
In the first two the conditions
are not so intolerable, but thero is
much room for Improvement, such
as proper bath house and dry
house facilities, one-deck bunks,
mattresses, eto.
In the last mentioned camp you
find a sot of conditions that many
a respectable farmer would not
subject his hogs to. Two men to a
bunk, two-tier In height, with some-
times a Uttle straw for bedding, lf
you are successful In robbing the
horses' mangers. No bath house
or any means for a slavo to dry his
soggy clothes, except ln the bunk
house, which draws heavily on the
none too great supply of oxygen,
ln a room approximately 24x80x8,
which contains 24 apparently con
tented slaves, with no means of
ventilation except to open the hole
tn the wall known as the door.
Tho boss, ln a very Jubilant manner the other day, made the remark that they would soon have
the tie-hackers where they wanted
them, saying that he had found all
kinds of blanket-stiffs laying at tbe
siding, broke, who were willing to
work for $40 a month, and that In
face of the fact that Just a day or
two before he had made the bom
bastlc remark that they (viz., the
hay-wire petit bourgeoise sub-contractor), had stayed together in
their demands that they get an increase of 7c a tie, from the peoples'
railroad.
Oh, you abject and docile slaves,
when shall ye awaken? Surely you
can at least have the nerve to demand that, while you are engaged
In a great National project, like the
manufacturing of ties for the government railway, you can enjoy the
protection of that government to
the extent that lt will compel these
"blood-sucking, parlflltlcal drones,"
such as the one mentioned, to respect the sacred law of the land.
Make your own laws ln your own
home, which is the camp. Wo can
have a camp Inspector visit our
camp, as the bosses guest, and return a favorable report'for him,
but until we by our solidarity at
the point of contact wtth the master, compel him to recognize our
rights, we will be the poor exploited
slaves that we are.
DELEGATE  No.   3926.
PRINCE RUPERT DISTRICT
Referendum Results
Yes     No
Question    1  83        18
Question    2  98 2
Question    8  „ 80       16
Question    4   74 6
Question    6  ...79       IB
Question    6  67        13
Question    7  62       29
Question    8  93 6
Question   9  79       12
Question 10  68        29
Question H  82       18
Question 12  84 C
Question 18  81       11
Secretary: J. H. Burrough,
Prince Rupert, 44; Wm. Morris,
Camp 8, Buckley Bay, 88.
District Executive Board: Z. P.
Gagne, UBk, G. T. P., 48; Wm.
Morris, Buckley Bay, 66; Mike
Morrison, Cumshcwa, 64; Hugh A.
McDonald, Sedywlck Bay, 51; Jas.
Mclntyre, Buckley Bay, 70; M. D.
Hodgers, Buckley Bay, 58; Owen
White, Buckley Bay, 68.
Counted  and   certified   correct,
R. J.  13,
R. C. 13.
PRINCE GEORGE DISTRICT
Statement for November, 1920:
Receipts
Dues  $ 16.00
Fees       10.00
Del. remittances  $247.79
Less com. and exp....    23.94
  223,85
District members'     43.00
Sundries     26.50
Bal. on hand Dec. 31  332.04
$729.39
Expenditure
Wages    $240.00
Rent      35.00
Light and fuel     10.50
Office account      8.00
Sundries    19.12
Remitted  to  headquarters.. 160.00
Bal. on hand, Nov. 30  266.77
$729.39
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
Convention Call
To all delegates: This is to notify
you that there is a convention of
the Lumber, Camp & Agricultural
Department of the O. B. U., to be
held In the L. W. I. U. hall, on
Dec. 23, 1920. Convention opens
at 10 o'clock sharp.
J. L. PETERSON,
Sec-treas, Kamloops District.
COLL CREEK
Fellow-worker Dan O'Mearo,
038, was killed on December 1,
whilst working at Tack's Camp,
Coll Creek, B. C.
CONVENTION   CALLS
Kamloops District, on Div 23.
Edmonton District on Dm*. 26,
Fort Frances District on Dec. 27.
Cranbrook District on Jan. 2.
Coast District on Jan. 10.
General  Convention ut Vancouver, Jan. 17.
MILL WORKERS MEETINGS
ln future the Mill Workere'
meetings will be held In conjunction with the regular meetings nt
licndquartert, on the 2nd nnd lth
Sundays of lhe month, at 2 p.m,
MEETING
REGULAR PROPAGANDA
Held at Headquartera, December
12, 1920.
Fellow-worker Holllday In the
chair. Minutes of the previous
meting read and adopted, Financial report given in detail showing:
Balance on hand Nov. 25....$2896.33
Receipts    1025.29
Less expenditures  $1613.28
Balance on hand  $1806.89
Report received and referred to
audit.
Moved—"That tho secretary be
instructed to put the book coses in
the office, and a list of all the
books be hung tn the hall. All
books taken out must be returned
In seven days, but can be taken out
again, and a record of the names
and curd numbers of all members
taking out books be kept." Motion lost.
Moved—"That we Instruct tho
coast executive to ask the L. W. 1.
U. of tbe I. W. W. in Seattle to send
a fraternal delegate to the coast
district convention." Motion carried.
^ Moved—"That we extend an Invitation to R. B. Russell to attend
the coast convention as a fraternal
delegate."
Amendment—"That every worker who has been In Jail because of
his working-class activities, be invited to attend the coast convention." Amendment lost; motion
carried.
Moved—'That we elect fourteen
delegates to represent the members
In town who are not represented
by delegates. The delegates to oe
nominated on December 26, and a
list bearing the names of the nominees te hung ln the office and
can be voted on by any member
who has not already voted for a
delegate. All nominees receiving
twenty-six (26) signatures or more
to be declared elected."
Amendment—"That we nominate
delegates to represent the members
in towa today. A list of the noraU
n.'«s to be h:v§ !n the offloa tot*
those who hnvo nol already voted
for a df legate in camp, to plaoa
their n .ii.es thereon. Any member
receiving 20 tiynalmes or more 14 -■
bc elected."
Amendment to Uie amendment-*
"That we elect delegates to represent the members tn town In tha.'
same mani.Sf us t!i«y aio elected In .
camp."
Substitute Motion—"That at th*
meeting on December 26, the dele* J
gales to represent the members la    '
town  be    nominated;    credential*
bearing the nominees' names to be -
hung in the office for those who '
have not voted for a delegate ia .
camp, to place their names upon."' ;
The meeting on December 26  be
advertised as widely as possible.
The motion, amendment,, and
amendment to the amendment
were withdrawn, and the substitute
motion became the motion. Upon
a vote being taken the motion carried.
Moved—"That a Subscription Hst
be placed tn the office to receive
donations for the benefit of th*
fellow-workers who are In the hospital during Christmaa." Motion
lost
Meeting adjourned at 6 p. m.
INFORMATION WANTED
Angus McCormlck, previously
with Comox Log Co., headquartera,
E. Hell, H1120; P. A. Vlgner,
V120; F. G. Powell, James McLaughlin, H. Challender, K. C. ISO;
John D. Marr, John Williams, Alf
Malund, M211, and E. Johnston*
Mike Harras, formerly of Cranbrook district; Oswald Hultman, H.
W. Mansfield, Pete Fedoryk and L.
Neuman.    Important
Any one knowing the whereabouts of Alex. Weis, last heard of
at Klngsgate, B, C, January, 1910.
Please communicate with hla
brother, Joe Weis, Box 82, Prince
George, B. C.
Will Robert McMillan and Owen
White communicate with Prince
Rupert offlce?
THE MURDERING CROWD
A London Standard of Sanity—Greenwood's Cry of
Anguish—Property in Peril
(By John Jacks, in the Labor
Leader)
THE madding crowd has become
a multitude.   I doubt whether
there ls % single one of us left
sane at the present moment.
I make you a present of the fact
that I'm mad. For lt ls Monday
night and I've Just been reading
the news of the saturnalia of savagery at Dublin. That made me
mad enough. But the comments
of some of the papers has put the
last straw on the back ot my brain
and It has given way.
booking at the Evening Standard
leader for Instance,   It begins:
"The flrst and last feelings
awakened by the hideous massacre ln Dublin are horror and
Indignation."
This does not refer to the massacre of officers ln their beds and
to the massacre of people at their
football match. It refers only to
the former series of assassinations.
Not a word Is said all through
the article about the shooting on
an unarmed mob at the football
ground. Perhaps Amrltsar has accustomed the Evening Standard to
that sort of thing, After all, ln
Ireland the Irish are only "Natives." And the people on the
football patch were probably "only
working class"! But the men murdered by the Sinn Feiners were
officers.
The article continues:
We notice in certain quarters attempts to speak of them (thc murders of officers) as the natural sequel to what Is styled by such
critics "official terrorism." . . .
The suggestion that the commission of these detestable crimes
should give the government pause
In the steps lt has been taking to
crush a criminal organization Is
surely as absurd as it Is Immoral.
The moral of the awful businesB Ib
exactly the reverse. It Is the business of the government . to
apply itself with redoubled vigor
to the extinction of the foul Junta
of crime which holds Ireland—we
believo, ns regards the great mass
of the population, an ashamed and
reluctant    Ireland—ln    its    grip.
, . The deed must be answered by thc sternest vindication of
the law. That vindication should
proceed In the strictest legal form.
I assume that when the military
proceeded to vindicate the law by
firing on tbe football spectators it
was doing so tn the strictest legal
form, according to the Evening
Standard's standard of law for Ireland.
But, after all Is said and done,
we must remember that the murders by the Irish wild men are not
one whtt more cold-blooded or
cruel than those done to tho Irish
people.
The difference, so far as I can
see, between them is that the Sinn
Feiners (perhaps because their ammunition ts limited) shoot to kill
men, whereas the R. I. C. or the
Black and Tans (perhaps because
they have unlimited cartridges paid
for by you and me) shoot at random and don't mind much whether
they hit a man, or a woman with a
baby, or a girl playing on the pavement.
Another differenco Is that Irishmen are fighting fnr one of the best
of causes (liberty) In the worst of
ways (by assassination), while the
British Crown forces are fighting
for one of tho worst of causes (the
oppression of a people) In the
worst of ways (by assassination).
It may be said that the British
officers are only doing what they
are ordered to do—which is their
duty. Well! there was a time when
British ollicers declined to do their
duty when that meant suppressing
tho Ulster minority In the Interests
of the Irish majority.
•       • '     •
Sir 1 (amar Greenwood declares
that the nssasulnaUon of the officers
Is "the most awful tragedy In British history."
It's bad enough, in all conscience.    It  Is   loathsome   beyond
description. But what about Amrltsar, and Featherstone, and any
number of colliery disasters where
hundreds of men have been killed,
not by pistols, perhaps, but by
something equally deadly—dividends?
Tou see how mad I ami
But the real terror to .Sir H.
Greenwood ls that, according to his
belief or bis stsatement tn the
Commons (which may not be
quite the same thing), the organized band of assassins ln Ireland
"have planned the destruction of
property In this country as well
as in Ireland."
But we haven't many Co-operative creameries to destroy ln England, have we?
Perhaps, however, It la other
forms of the sacred stuff that are
to be dstroyed by the small gang
of Irish assassins when, the Crown
forces having destroyed the last
brick in Ireland, they (the assassins), are driven over here on
the off-chance of finding somewhere to rest their heads.
If Sir Hamer Greenwood really
believes this sort of guff, which Is
probably pumped Into htm by police who want permission to reprise
to their heart's content, Isn't It
about time we found a somewhat
more seasoned sort of wood out of
which to moke our responsible
Cabinet ministers?
•       •       •
However, the "attack on property" touch served Its purpose in the
House of-Common.', for when Mr.
Devlin ventured to express his
views he was howled down, and
one of the hon. members yelled
"Kill him!"
I'm sure I have the authority of
the Evening Standard for assuring
Mr. Devlin that the British House
of Commons Is not to be cowed by
his attempts at frightfulness—not
lf their property ls at stake.
By the way, the hon. gentlemen
in the House of Commons who are
responsible for all the political
murders ln Ireland (since they
alone have the power to remove the
causes) do not face the Irish melody themselves
I've sometimes wondered why.
Now thc reason Is explained. They
arc staying on this side to defend
their property agninst the attack of
any stray nssassin who happens to
escape asanas!nntion In Ireland and
who comes over hore, The English officers nnd men are now being murdered, lt seems, not In defence of law nnd order ln Ireland,
but of property tn England. It'a
as well to know that.
Calgary, Alta. — United Grain
Growers, Limited, the grain growers' co-operative movement of Alberta province, had a business turn,
over of more thnn $113,000,000 during the yenr ending August 31, 1920
according to n report to the annual
meeting hero by T. A. Crerar, president of the association and leader
of the Farmer-Labor party ln the
Houso of Commons. The combined
profits of the compnny and subsidiary companies which tt owns totalled $699,770, a little more than
one-half of one per cent, upon the
turnover.
London.—The International conference of general factory workers,
Just held at Amsterdam, decided t*
re-estahliBh the International Secretariat of Goneral Factory Workers. The now body accepts the
principles and organization adopted
by the International Federation of
Trade Unions, nnd a call has been
sent to nil genoral factory workers'
organisations In all countries.
r
Moscow.—Reptarlatlon of the re-
mniuing British prisoners and other '
British nationals was resumed here
when members of the British railway mission captured with Kolchak
In Siberia and several Englishmen
arrested ln connection with the plot
of Paul Dukos, British agent, were
delivered to representatives of thalr
i country at the Finnish harder. IRTOE FOUR
twelfth year. no. bi THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b. c.
..December IT, 1180
THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A.  &   WELL8-.
...Manager
SSce:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Fender
Street West
Telephone Seymour 6871
Subseribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
13.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, 21.50
for aix montha; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of the World
..December 17, 1920
UNEMPLOYMENT is nothing new to
Vancouver. Neither are unemployed demonstrations. The unemployed meeting on the Cambie Street grounds on
Tuesday, however, was a little different
to some demon-
UNEMPLOYMENT strations that
'AND have taken place
POLITICS in the city, and
* has caused some
Uttle conjecture. When the meeting was
flrst announced, the question naturally
arose, who is calling it. To date we have
been unable to learn just who was responsible for il The whole affair, however, savors of eity hall activity. One
noticeable feature of this demonstration
was the fact that theee were no police
on the scene, which in itself would lead
to the conclusion that the city hall authorities were not unconnected with it.
'Another feature was the reading of the
•telegrams that had been exchanged be
tween Mayor Gale and the premier at
Ottawa. It might also be noted thai the
resolution did not either call on the city
or provincial authorities to take any
steps on behalf of the unemployed. When
these things are considered with the faet
that a civic election is in the offing, we
may surmise just how the meeting was
called, and for what purpose.
* • •
When the occurrences of the 1912 unemployed demonstration on the Powell
Street grounds, when the police used
their clubs on the heads of those assembled to hear the report of a labor delegation, which had just returned from Victoria after interviewing the provincial
government on the unemployed situation
at that time are considered, we can only
offer a warning to the unemployed ae to
their future actions and remind them
that the same forces are still existing
whicb. operated at that time, and while
on this occasion nothing happened, future
demonstrations may not be as peaceful.
At the same time we consider that if any
attempt is being made to make political
capital out of the misery of the unemployed in this district, then it is the most
contemptible action that any individual
could descend to. We have no intention
of questioning the motives of those who
were prominent at the meeting, but innocent persons are sometimes used by scheming politicians.
D USING the past few years the women's franchise question has been
largely before the public. In many countries the vote has been given to women,
and it is now being generally accepted
as being essential that
WOMAN'S women should have the
NNW same    political    privi-
"FREEDOM"    leges as the men.   In
British Columbia the
women have recently had the opportunity
of casting their ballots, flrst on the liquor
plebiscite and later in the provincial elections. It is possible, however, to place
too much importance on this new-found
"freedom." The men have had thc franchise for a considerable time, but they
are still enslaved, and a little investigation will demonstrate that like all other
reforms, the enfranchisement of the female of the species, is based on an economio basis.
• • •
For centuries the womenfolk have been
regarded as property. In fact, ever since
society was placed on a property basis,
woman has been looked upon as the property of the male and all the marriage
laws and the moral codes have been
based on that property concept. The
reason for this was to ensure that the
property of the mple could be secured to
his offspring, and with the inception of
the property concept, woman became in
the ranks of the working elass, the slave
of a Blave, for while the necessity of
property succession was not necessary to
the slaves, they having no property to
speak of, it was essential to conceal the
class nature of society, that the laws and
moral codes Bhould pertain to both
classes in society.
• * •
Many workers have conceived the idea
that the enfranchisement of the women
was a working-class question. ThiB, however, is not the case. It really has nothing to do with class questions. The
employing olass has been influenced in
giving this privilege to the women by
the fact that they have generally been
looked upon as being conservative, but
the greatest factor has been the development of the capitalistic system itself.
Whilo in the early stages of the present
system of society, the place of the women was the home, as the system developed, and the male found it more and
more difficult to secure enough in order
to keep his women kind in the home,
snd the faet that by the development of
machinery it was found that women
could be employed in industry as a form
of cheap labor, so women have become
more and more employed in industrial
occupations. During the late war the
ability of women to enter into industry
became ever more apparent and the needs
of the warring nations compelled the womenfolks to practically desert the home
and enter into the sphere of men in doing
the world's work. She donned the overalls. Every newspaper in the Old Land
during the war by photograph depicted
how easy it was for women to become
good producers, even in fields which had
heretofore been looked upon as unsuitable for women. It was also during the
war poriod that the franchise was given
to any extent to the females of the race.
Women won the franchise at the same
time that she finally demonstrated her
ability to wear the overalls, and to enter
into competition with the men. From
being the slave of a slave, she became a
slave direct to the employing class. The
sex inequality was wiped out by the development of the machines of production.
* » *
Being equally free with the men to secure a joty and to vote, the women have
entered into a new epoch. But while the
development of industry has changed the
outlook as regards woman's place as a
political and economic factor, the old
concept of the property nature of the
female of the species still prevails. Not
only does this concept remain in the
minds of the members of the ruling class,
but it prevails in tne minds of the male
section of the working class, and even
the women are still conUut to accept
this viewpoint of their posi'ion in human
society. TSe anomoly ot concepts still
being retained alter the iraterial basis
lias been changed, is uotring new. It is
as old as the hills, and the memben of
the working class are as slow to take
cognizance of the change that hu taken
place as are the members of the ruling
class. But the machinery of production
has taken the woman out of the home.
It has placed her alongside the male in
the mill and factory. It has made
her a competitor with her fellow slave
of the sterner ser. Consequently her concept will from now on change. Not so
much, perhaps, as to her relationship
with man, but in her position as a factor
in the industrial life of the community.
The woman of the future will be brought
close up against the class struggle, the
first manifestation of the class antagonisms will be brought home to her more
clearly as she takes her place in the
ranks of the wage slaves, and she will
be compelled to see that sex does not
enter into her relations with the employing class. In qther words that she is a
slave nnd is exploited at the point of
production, and that before she can settle her sex position the class position
must be changed. The economic position
of the women will depend on the class
nature of society, and until that is changed she will still be looked upon as property, for as long as the basis of society
is the class ownership of the means of
life, the idea of the female being the
property of the male will prevail, and
the women folks of the working class
must first give their attention to securing thcir economic freedom along with
the males, and that secured, their freedom from sex domination will follow.
In the meantime-woman is free to wear
overalls and vote, but the economic position cannot be improved until the present system of wage slavery is abolished.
THB VANCOUVER SUN is at least
one newspaper that at times discloses
the innermost thoughts of those that control it Suph an occasion was last Saturday the means of expressing the
thoughts being an editori-
THE al on the lynching bee in
SUN AND California. As an organ
ANAKCHY ' that in the past has had
much to say on the question of law and order, thc Sun evidently
forgot the tenets that it had laid down
on this subject when the editorial in
question was written. For the most charitably disposed person could not by any
stretch of imagination come to any other
conclusion than that the Sun was in favor of sudden death as a remedial measure against anarchy, as expressed in
criminal attacks on women and citizens
generally. After reviewing the growth
of criminal tendencies in the United
States the Sun concludes with the following statement:
Then a few days ago came the
awakening; the maddening knowledge that anarchy was present in one
of the most hideous forms—unrestrained sex impulses—cruel and
heartless maltreatment of women-
robbery and murder.
Analyzing the composite mental
force created by the fusing of the
public mind into one line of reasoning, it is obvious that there was only
one thought, namely, the obtaining
of the swiftest and most potent remedial agent.
There was no time to proceed by
law amendment and reform; tho decision was for instant action; the
remedy chosen was sudden death. As
the public mind had bcen horrified
i>y the presence of lustful, murderous
anarchy, it was decided that the
criminal mind must be terrified by
the actual reality of sudden death.
It is a painful analysis but absolutely true to life, and those who
abhor the method of punishment
adopted may find comfort in Hs future effect upon orime. The moral is
that there can be no sympathy with
..•criminals as a olass or with crime as
a theory. Then penalty must be certain and invariable, and must flt the
crime; otherwise a community will
have first the menace of anarchy and
then the presence of anarchy.
♦ * »
Anarchy in any ahape Bhould be deplored. While it :s deplorable it is also
worthy of a little investigation. Anarchy
has prevailed for a number of years.
Particularly during the last five years of
war the sudden death idea was very
prominent. In fact, the press of the warring nations chuckled when there wap a
large number of sudden deaths in the
ranks of thc enemy. During recent
months crime, as it is termed, has been
on the increase in all the larger cities.
Crime always increases in proportion to
the unemployment prevailing. The past
few months has seen much greater in-
     sj:
creases in unemployment than has taken
plaoe for at least four years, an<f as a
result the amount of crime has increased.
It must also be noted that the ides,"if
shooting and killing was inculcated' in
the minds of the people during the war
period, and human life was placed at a
very low valuation, and that psychology
has not been eliminated, and evidently
some of it stuck in the mind of the writer
of the editorial. Billing elass newspapers
have preached law and order to the
workers ever since there was any sign
of revolt at the conditions that made
men hungry, and children want for the
necessities of life. It has upheld the majesty of the law, as being something that
could not in any way be violated unless
the very structure of society be undermined, and anarchy prevail. We beg to
point out, however, that anarchistic tendencies are developed under anarchic
conditions, and the mob law and lynching tendencies in the U. S. A are the
result of the anarchic conditions that prevail in that country, and which are expressed in the attacks on citizens, and
also in the lynching of law-breakers. It
might also be pointed out to the Sun,
that the method employed in repressing
crime in California if supported by the
capitalistic press, might readily be employed by the people against their oppressors. It is very easy to spread the
idea of mob law, and at least capitalistic
newspapers should be careful that they
do not endorse this method of reprisals
against those of criminal tendencies.
While regretting the criminal tendencies
that are now being shown, it is folly to
think that the adoption of anarchistic
methods in the suppression of crime will
stamp that tendency out in the large
cities. Anarchy breeds anarohy, and the
present anarchy that prevails in society
is the cause of the tendencies that the
Sun refers to, but the advocacy of the
extension of those anarchistic methods
will never eliminate them, and the most
vivid illustration of this truth can be
found in Ireland today, where the anarchistic methods employed by the black
and tans has only spread death and destruction, instead of curbing it.
- HISTORY -
THB SITUATION in Ireland daily becomes worse. The press, as usual, is
full of propaganda. How much truth
there is in the news items can be judged
by the news that has appeared in capitalistic newspapers with
DIGGING regard to Soviet Russia.
THEIR OWN    While recognizing that
GRAVES it is hard to understand
the situation at this distance from the distressful country, yet
it is certain that the military are1 in
charge in Ireland and, true to the traditions of the military forces, force and
brutality are tbe weapons being used. All
the denials of the destruction of property
by the crown forces will not prevent the
truth from leaking out, and we learn
that in the county court of Newport-
county of Tipperary, large damages were
awarded those who kad had their property destroyed by crown forces, while
innocent victims have been shot and maltreated by the black and tans.
* » #
How shallow was the cry used during
the war, the self determination of small
nations, has been fully demonstrated by
the British government's attitude toward
Inland. But the movement in Ireland
has one aspect that is not generally
known, and that is that labor in that
country is joined up with the movement
for an Irish republic, and the British government has demonstrated that this is
known by the attack and raids on the
headquarters of the labor organizations.
The London Daily Herald has the following to say in connection with this
aspect of the Irish movement:
Liberty Hall has been raided. The
president and treasurer of the Irish
Trades Union Congress and the Irish
Labor Party have-been arrested.
So opens a new phase of the war
waged by the British government
against the people of Ireland. The
people of Ireland are attacked, this
time in the stronghold of their Labor organization.
It is believed, we suppose, by the
authorities that there is some connection between organized labor in
Ireland and the movement for Irish
liberty.
How should there not bet Are not
the workers of Ireland Irishmen. Is
it not natural they should desire the
liberty of their country, as the workers of England would desire liberty
for this country if it was in the grip
of an alien army of occupation?
If the Irish labor movement is moviHg
consciously towards the goal of the working class, which is the overthrow of the
present system, and sees in the establishment of an Irish republic a step in
this direction, then the British government will have a bigger job on its hands
than it thinks. In any case the destruction of property, the uso of force, and
all the brutal methods that are generally used by military forces will not crush
the Irish movement. The destruction of
property, which is the very basis of modern society, by the crown forces, is'a
bad example. It is bad for the ruling
class, because it is that class that has
decreed that property is more sacred
than human life. And the example of
destroying property that is now being
made will create a psychology that is
bound to be against the interests of the
propertied class, Thus do our rulers demonstrate that they in their madness are
unable to see the end of the forces of
destruction and bloodshed that they let
loose. Thcir every act is an impetus to
the working class movement of the world.
They do not understand, and consequently dig their own graves.
History proper, Is a record of all
human endeavor, stretching away
baok Into the misty ages of the
paat, of whioh, no written records
are to be found. The only method
we have of arriving at any conclusions regarding the periods anti-
dating written or recorded doings
or sayings, is by a study of whatever tools, structures and remains
can be found of previous periods.
The average person genorally remarks, to what use Is extensive
study and research to the ordinary
working class. Hla main object ln
life being apparently, to extract
as good a livelihood as possible for
himself and family, and this study
certainly will not make him more
efficient in the extraction.
This method of reasoning seems
correct at flrst glance, but a little
Investigation alters this viewpoint
entirely. Soolety presents itself as
a huge complex machine, devoted
to producing human wants. That
being so, anything that interrupts
the smooth running of this machine ll of vital Interest to the
working clasa, the various ill,, iuch
as war, with Its horrors, death and
destruotlon; pestilence and disease. Industrial stagnation, caused
through over produotlon, with Its
attendant starvation, disease and
misery, and so on Indefinitely.
These are some ot the varioui ills
that weigh like a tremendous incubus upon society, throttling and
thwarting all the finer and nobler
Instincts ot the human race.
Tha root trouMe of all then Ills,
Is laok of knowledge of thl development of human society, which
we classify under the heading of
history, had the working class,
who are by f%r the huge majority
of thi world's populace, the necessary knowledge, compared with
the stage of advancement ln production of human wants; a small
percentage of the total Inhabitants
of the world, would not be allowed
to own and control all thl wealth
of the world.
The study of materialistic Interpretation of history and the economics of capitalism awakens an
understanding of historic forces
whioh drive the human race ever
forward to higher and more
complex forms, from the prehistoric
man hunting for berries and roots
to the present trained machine
tender, tender of a huge producing machine that oan supply all
human wants in abundanoe year
In and year out
With the abovementioned knowledge an owning class, and a class
which hai nothing but their physical energy to sell for an uncertain maintenance, becomes untenable, and la becoming more untenable as the contradictions
created by class ownership becomes more Intense and the situation of soolety starving ln the
midst of plenty, will sooner or later
reach a breaking point, thi knowledge that the working class possess, at that point, will be a dominating factor, hence the necessity for as large a spread of real
knowledge as possible.
That ll the only reason for the
existence of the Socialist party of
Canada.
Com* to their meetings.
Empress propaganda meeting
every Sunday night at • o'olook.
Economio class every Bundey
afternoon at 3 o'clock.
History class every Thursday
evening at 8 o'clock.
Hiking to Cypress Fall!
Last Saturday afternoon a few
young people, fresh-air enthusiasts, set off with Point Atkinson as
their objective. But they had not
reckoned with the shortness of the
daylight in these winter months
and consequently turned back owing to darkness when they reached the Oreat Northern Canneries.
Tomorrow (Saturday) they wlU
meet at the Wost Vancouver Ferry
Wharf at 1:15 p.m. (an hour
earlier than last week) with Cypress Falls as the goal.
Olve a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
American Republicans to
Open Up Trade With
Bussia
Washington —' Senator France
told the Federated Press last week
that he believes the Rpubllcan majority in the senate, which -was unwilling to resume trade with Russia last spring, ls now ln a different
frame of mind.
"Our foreign market has shrunk
to such an extent that we are feeling the effects In every department
of commercial life, and unless we
flnd a new. market where we can
sell goods for cash or for commodities, we shall have a distressing
condition of unemployment," he
said.
"A year ago th* Russian co-operatives sent men over here to place
contracts for $20,000,000 worth of
forming Implements. The slate department refused to give them any
assurance that the goods would be
permitted to be shipped. Then
British influences, which largely
controlled our state department's
policies, suggested to these Russians that they oould place their
contracts ln Britain. They took the
hint, and the British transformed
at least two munition plants Into
agricultural Implement factories to
flu these orders for goods, whloh
are now being delivered ln Russia
by the British.
"Britain ls trading with Russia
even now. Russia needs millions
of pairs of shoes, which our manufacturers are anxious to supply.
The shoe trade ln this country Is
ln bad condition. It Is my belief
that as soon as the Republicans in
congress have an-.opportunity to
apply the remedy whloh this situation demands, they will do so—by
making lt possible to resume full
relations with the Russian people."
When through wltn this papir,
pass it on.
PANTAGES
Next Walk
"PBrnNG IT OVER"
A Musical Comedy—IS People
 Otter Bit restates
THB
ONLT    UNION    MADE
GLOVE IN B. C.
Wholesale—Retail
Bsst Quality—Right Pricei
VANCOUVER GLOVE CO.
2SS Carrall Street.
Sey. 1250	
Labor and Socialist
Literature
IN ALL LANGUAGES
can be obtained at
THE INTERNATIONAL
BOOK SHOP
Corner Hastlngi and Columbia
Mall Ordera   Promptly
Attended to
ECONOMIC AND
HISTORY CLASSES
S. P. OF 0., 401 PENDER ST. X.
Economic class every Sunday afternoon, commencing at
3 o'clock.
History class every Thursday evening, commencing at
8 o'clock.
An Elementary Economio Class for beginners will commence the first Sunday in December (the 5th), at 8 p.m.
These elasses are of paramount interest and necessity to
the working class, and are conducted and assisted by
thoroughly competent instructors.
AIL WELCOME NO CHARGES
Hill 60, the famons hill to the southeast of Ypres, on which so many men lost
their lives, has bcen sold to a British
brewery company for a hotel sit*,
Wishing You AU
a Merry Xmas
TOU OAN GET HORE OOODS AND BETTER VALUE
FROM US THAN ANYWHERE IN VANOOUVER
Stanfield's Underwear at reduced prices.
Headlight Overalls at reduced prices.
Star Shirts at reduced prices.
Mackinaw   Coats  at  reduced  priees.
Send or call and get our prices.  It will pay yon.
Free Delivery Anywhere.
W. B. BRUMMITT
18 and 20 OORDOVA ST. WEST and 444 MAIN ST.
1
I Give Her a Diamond front
Allan's
She will know she is the owner of a
Gem of growing value plus tho
charm of it as an ornament.
Let us help you to a selection in tho
privacy of our Diamond Room.
QMdihn
i
The Rouse of Diamonds
The Btore of the Christmas Spirit
480-186 GranvUle St
at Oor. Pender
DENTAL PLATES
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Parlors
805 GranvUlo Street
Op»u evenings between 8 ant ■
o'clock.
Oor. Rotaon, Orer Owl Drag Storo
Phono Sojrmoar 5238
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
BBNBY DAHL, Prop.
(Old timo Lumber) .ok)
Prompt Ssrvlo.
Flu Oars
314 Abbott St.    Vanconver
Phono Ser. 8877-8878
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value.
Two Stores
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
ORPHEUM
theatre!?!
THE HOME OF GOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee  _ 2:80
Evenings  8:20
Ring np Phone Seymonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite SOI Dominion Bulldlne
VANCOUVER, B. a
DWTASOBLT
Get the
Love Habit!
Buy FURNITURE, STOVES,
BEDS, Etc, at cost. Our stock
Is Big ,tnd so ar. our Bargains. Watoh our Auction
Snaps. Furnitur. Bought and
Sold.
Love & Co.
AUCTIONEERSt-DEALERS
Phont Soymour 2745
Bit  SEYMOUR STREET
UNION MAN I
In that dark kour wh.n sympathy and but s«rvIo. count ae
much—call np
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
3— KINGSWAT, VANCOUVER
Phono Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Serrlc.
Offloi Houn:   10 to 12 s.m„ 8 to I
p.m.   Evening!: 7 to S p.m. Mea-
day, Wedneaday ud Friday.
Psoas Soy. 0s7«.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor aad Dnilus Physician
(Successor to Dr. John Oray)
M-Sl-3! P. Bona Bldf., II HaaHsfS
St., W., Vancouver, B. O.
(Uotwoen Peutagee Theatre end B. O.
X. B. Station*
Phone Sey. HI      Day or Nlfht
NUNN AHD THOMSON
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
5S1 Homer St. Vancouver, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
MM
Sanday aenrlcoe, 11 a.m. aad 7.80 pja.     )
Sanday    achool    Inuaodlataly    feUowlaa
mornlaff oervloe,   Wednesday tcaUawalsl
mantles,   a   p.m.   Proa   raadlaf/ team,
001-OM   Blrri  Bids.
HARR0N BROS.
Funeral Director!
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fall
Prlcea
Falrvlew: Office and Chap.!,
2398 Oranvlll. Strut
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver:' Offlc. and
Chapel, 121, Sixth St. W.
Phon. N. V. 184.
Mount Pleasant:   Office aad
Chapel, 2123 Main St
Phone Fairmont Id.
<*BBB
0. HOLDEN CIGAR STAND
16 Hastings St. E.
O. B. O. OABD
Patroalss Thoa. Wbo Patronise Tall
When telephoning, remember thai
Central la ready to help yon. It la
eaalcr for her te complete a call thaa
to coma bach oa the Use to report II
buoy. She haa done a wonderful work
theae lest few montha, doing more
than usual beoaaae of the Inability ef
manufacturer! to aupply needed equipment. Ton will flnd aha' reeponda
readily when accorded oo-operatlon.
BBITISH   COUJMIBA  IBLBPHOni
COMPACT
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E.
EIPEET PHTSIOTHEBAPII*
Bwedllh Manege, Radiant Seat sad
Electrical Treatments ef all hlids.
Phone Bay 37701.  Boars I to I ual
Bvoatags.
t» BEOADWAT WIST (Oer. Oik)
lake Belt Use Oar
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension University
(Home Study) offers yon tlie
chance you need for complete
training In Traffic Management,
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Special course,
that mean Higher Salaries.
Either sex. Any age. Convenient terms. Write or call for literature. District offlce:
701 STANDARD BANK BLDG.
Phone Sey. 1769 11UDAT_„„,.,pw«mber iT, un
TWELFTH TEAR.   No. St
TANCOUVB. B, C,       ,
MEN
seek to obtain REAL value for their
', should take advantage of' thla forced
CLEARANCE
Cue to the bad season and other reasons, we flnd ourselves loaded up with over $30,000 worth of the grandest
woolens this city has ever seen. To reduce this immense
stock wa aro selling highest grade
Custom-Made
SUITS
And OVERCOATS
'45
Just understand, please! These ar. hand-made, man-
tailored clothes of highest excellence. They must not he
compared with the "Half Prlc." ready-mades being aold
ont at so-called "sacrifice" and "replacement" sales.
Ready-mades are never satisfactory—never real value.
They hav. not the quality, they have not th. lit, thoy
hav. not the personality. Custom cloth.s are In a clasa by
themselves and our present prices save you nearly S0<H.
During this sale we can
make you suits from flu.
BLUB    SERGB
at $00 that cannot be duplicated .lsewher. below
1100.
. All ordors takon Saturday will b» finished ready
for you to wear
Christmas
London—A rlss ln prlcea of 12
per oent, bringing the level of
prices for the present, 170 per oent.
above the 1911 level, haa heen announced by the Board of Trade
here.
Guild of Health
DOWNIE
Sanitarium
Limited
Fifteenth Floor Standard
Bank—Oor. of Hastinga
and Bichards
Phonal Seymour 603;
Highland 2134-L
Hy syitem la »7 own, aad li the
reeult of almost M yeara atndy ef
thohamaa. I has. embraced la my
system Physical Culture, Vibration,
Manage, Beat, Light, Bathe, etc.;
also every kind et electrical ap*
pllaaee including aa U doea.
X-Bay. Vlelel Bay, Parrady, Oal-
reulo, Statu, High Fretuanoy,
ete.
Whst la nt? many casta haa
lien pronounced incurable hu
siren way to nr methodi. If yos
vaat the seat, una, ufe, adenine
lerrlce, ve nan It to lln.
By Appointment Only
RESTAURANT UNION MEN
ABE SUED FOB $90,000
KIghty-Sti Membera to Be Sued
for Boycotting Some St.
Louis Restaurants
St. Louis, Mo.—In an effort to
bankrupt tha unions of waiters,
cooks and pastry cooks and waitresses, which have been locked out
her. for two months, 80 members
and officers of these organizations
have been sued for 190,000 damages on th. grounds of "conspiracy" to boycott th. Sun restaurant, the Scherts restaurant and
the Delmonloo Cafe. Tbe Hotel
and Restaurant Keepers' Association have Instigated th. ault
The defendants tn the suits, said
th. lawyer, do not comprise all th.
members of the various locals, but
woro selected with a view to their
flnanclal ability to respond to a
money Judgment
The St. Louts local unions of the
Hotel and Restaurant Employees'
International Alliance, have Issued
a call to American labor to come
to their aid.
COPENHAGEN.—Bela Kun, for.
mar head of the Soviet government
of Hungary, has been sent by the
Moscow government on a trip to
Siberia to organise the collection of
grain for Soviet Russia, says a Moscow report He Is accompanied by
ISO Hungarian Communists.
COAL
SAVE MONET by using
PEERLESS OOAL
Lump $14 Ton
Stove $13 Ton
We recommend a mixture of
half Lump and half Stove at
$13.50 Ton.
This Is th. best HOUSEHOLD
OOAL   ln   .Vancouver,   bar
NONE.
/
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
420 OAMBIE ST.
Phone Sey. 4044(4
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS
Dry Goodi, Oenti' FnmliNngi
VICTORIA, B. 0.
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIO HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Eto.
faotory organlied under "United (torment Workers of America"
IV.—Tha Prime Minister and the
Electorate
IT 18 the main virtue of any political system tbat lt ihould be
Immediately intelligible to the
people. Constitutional forms ihould
coincide with the seat of active responsibility. The process of legislation should be perpetually tn the
public view. The representatives of
the electorate should be the active
agents in the business of government, and not the passive recipients of a policy withheld from
their examination. These axioms
are the more urgent in a time so
complex as our own. Por it ls the
peculiar vice of universal suffrage
that lt demands of statesmen a
standard of conduct fur higher than
in more narrow systema; since, In
the absence of a high level of general education, no form of the
state can be more open to a corrupt perversion. And the experiment of thii form ls being tried at
a period when the sharp anthesls
of current ideas inevitably deepens
the suspicion and fear of all to
whom the path of political action
suggests obscureness. They dls-
t^uat what they can not Investigate;
they doubt what they do not understand. Statesmen who In suoh
a temper deliberately live by devious wayi are the very courtlen of
disaster They cause that lack of
confidence in the foundations of
our politics which Is not only the
symptom of disease but, In a high
lta ultimate and certain
cause.
Personality Against Principle
Whatever may be said of the
constitution of which Mr. George
is sponsor, it is at least certain that
no man can proclaim its intelligibility. It fs not government in the
light of day. It is not government
upon the basis of principle. It Is
not government by the accepted
methods of constitutional action.
We have moved to a twilight world
where law is so confused and overloaded with half-articulate and unexplored convention as to make the
normal outlines of the state no
longer visible to the analyst. Oovernment, in fact, Is centred In the
breast of the prime minister'; but
the most careful pains have been
taken to conceal the true source
of his decisions. The scene of public action is divorced from the real
seat of public power. The House
of Commons Ib responsible without
the authority to enforce its will.
The cabinet administers with the
mainspring of collectve judgment
destroyed. The replacement of
principle by personality inevitably
begets this vicious atmosphere. No
statesman can destroy a system of
which the foundation was corporate consent without Involving that
system in profound decay.
And we must be careful to note
how essential are the directions in
which decay is apparent. In a democracy like our own the fundamental need Is that the process of
politics must educate the electorate. It was, for example, the accepted maxim of our system that
the clash of parties would throw
light upon opposing principles. Mr.
Lloyd George has deliberately torpedoed the party system, with the
consequence that there is no convenient method to be had of organizing the antitheses of public life.
For coalition government, it must
bo noted, is not a series of plain
and honorable compromises; it ls
an obscuro and unformulated bargain for Interests which remain un-
manifest. In the result the ideas
that are In the publio view are
mangled and confused. The true
ground of policy remains unknown
because it is the purpose of the
coalition to prevent its emergence.
Secrecy of Government
And that is but the beginning of
the problem. Every system of this
kind has an interest In exploiting
its own obscurity. It manipulates
the press to its private advantage,
and thus prevents the one independent check upon government activity from offering a valid interpretation of events. The secrecy with
which lt enshrouds Its decisions
makes public criticism powerless to
educate; and not seldom, as in Mesopotamia, Its control of the sources
of information makes the knowledge of public policy Impossible.
Nor must we miss, In this connection, the significance of the growth
of the executive power. Government by legislation Involves the
consistent revelation of principle;
a meeting ground Is created by
battle and the publlo is Informed
by the shock of opposing battalions.
But government by proclamation
prevents the understanding of
events by referring to the mysterious realm of unexplained command
judgments of which the essential
nature ls to romain beyond appeal.
Its Power of Dofamatlon
And whut Is, perhaps, worst of
all Is the atmosphere which surrounds the whole. All systems ot
government of which discussion Is
the foundation aro self-curative unless the poison administered Is relentlessly applied. Even the present House of Commons could be
made to debate unless special methods were devised for Its prevention. What Is done is to exploit
all passing evils that the substantive foundation of discontent may
remain unknown. As in the regime of Castler'eagh and Sldmouth,
publlo misfortune must be represented as public perversity. The
disturbance which arises from
misery must be ascribed to secret
agitation. Every, sinister1 interest
must be provoked to protect Itself
at the expense of goneral remedy.
Bad motive and suspicious design
must be imputed on every hand.
The discomfort of change must be
Intensified, and Its principles equated with revolution, Liberty must
be confounded with license. Those
who have something to lose must
be persuaded that they are likely
to lose all. If the reforms demanded are novel, their impractical
character must be emphasized; if
they seem Justified by facts, the
issue muBt bo concealed by declamation. Ignorant and uneducated
men, as mon with challenged Interests to presorve, can always be had
appeal  to  prejudioe;   and  the
by »yi™.  „  r __.   .
unity of opposition can be destroyed by blocking the channels of informative discussion.
ton of Political Faith
It li important to note the character ef the time in  which thli
strategy hai been adopted. We are
ln a period of transition when the
underlying principle of thought is
the need to translate the Ideals of
political democraoy Into Industrial
teAns. Of all our dlicontenti this
principle la basically the cause.
The capitalist systens haa ceased
to bring into play those motives
to produetion upon whloh our former prosperity was founded; and
the roots of a new economle equilibrium must be discovered. It Is
obvious enough that change so vast
as this requires for its completion
the full utilization of our Institutional equipment. If It works we
can at least secure an effective vehicle of transition; and in the
course of our experiment we can
learn lti full insignificance. But
if, Instead of this, we meet the
new desires in termi of sinister
defiance; lf, ln addition,' we refuse
to make our constitutional system
illumine the Ideas lir debate, we
offer ourselves in sacrifice to reckless and determined men who are
willing to overturn the whole In
search for the realization of their
special synthesis.
Mr. Lloyd Gebrge, tn fact, denies ua the primary necessity of
our time. We are beyond the
stage when a facile attention to
passing symptoms Is a cure for
our Ills. Exactly as after the Napoleonic wars, the demand li for
a new social order; and the experience of that terrible time Is
dear. If we would preserve a
peace in freedom, we must secure
a temper of conciliation; we must
welcome the investigation of wrong;
we muit demand the co-operation
of those who doubt the beneficent
purpose of the State, But to that
end our policy must be conducted
ln the open. Its principles must
be as simple as its mechanisms
must be obvious. Our constant
endeavor must be to convince the
sceptics that the substance of their
desire Is capable of achievement
by the normal means of legislative action.
The new system prevents the
emergence of that conviction.
Men are not so easily inured to
hardship as a century ago; and
they have awakened to a sense
of their powers. Their temper of
expectancy has that valid height
which the pledges of the Prime
Minister were calculated to arouse.
They can only bo appeased by the
perception that the engines of the
State are working at high pressure for their good. And It must
be remembered that not less than
six millions of them today profess
an allegiance hardly second* to
their allegiance to the State.
Their betrayal by the political' system will make trade-union allegiance primary, and the consequence
of Its pre-eminence no man may
lightly measure. For every im-
porlum in Imperio will assert its
strength immediately the alternative offered to lt holds out no
prospect of equal esteem. British
labor has set out upon a path of
which the only problem Is the degree and method of Its progress;
exactly as In the period of the
Reform Bill the middle classes
moved with determination to the
seat of power. The statesmanship
of Lord Grey secured at that moment of crisis a solution of peace;
but he secured it only by the proof
that the institutions of the earlier
time were capable not only of
goodwill, but also of substantial
concession.
It is the tragedy of our present
situation that Mr. Lloyd George Is
rapidly making It impossible for
that proof to be offered in our
own time. He has not only deserted principle, he has rendered
ineffective the Institutions by which
principles nre translated Into substance, The result Is the frank
declaration by many of a disbelief
In the processes of reason, the announcement that violence Is the
path of attainment,- the proclamation that all avenues of peace
are to be susppcted. Direct action ls the only method left open
for men to whom the channels of
constitutional action are deliberately closed. Men to whom the
uselessness of Parliament fs so
obviously proclaimed will not be
easily induced to trust their prospects to Its operations. The obscurity into which party distinctions are thrown serves only to Intensify this distrust. The lightness
with which promises are broken
will provoke a decision to depend
upon their own energies instead of
to assurances extorted only from
some chance difficulty it Is hoped
thereby to overpass; The cruelty
with which a people struggling to
be free are driven Into calculated
tumult offers to the mass of tho
disinherited no amicable augury
of their own future. An imperial-
Ism abroad, for which there is no
constitutional warranty, prevents
the mitigation of their position.
They are deliberately maligned hy
ministers of the crown. They see
those who stand In the way of their
ideals flattered and cajoled by those
for whom their confidence la invited. Surely lt is not difficult to
unnderstand why in such a temper,
the wellsprlng of public goodwill
Is poisoned at the source.
, The Danger of Revolution
Of such a policy the end, If it be
consistently pursued, can only be
revolution. And the disorder it
will involve will not rest upon the
shoulders of the people. The author of Institutional perversion li
the author of public disaster, for
the people are moved to protest
only by the most flagrant abuse of
trust. The constitutional system
inherited by Mr. Lloyd George wai
at many points inadequate and incomplete. It was overloaded with
business. Its proceedings had been,
as n consequence, checked and controlled to a degree whloh portended the need for reform. But, with
all iti defect!, ft wai still a system
ln whloh lovers of freedom could
assert their Independence of all ties
save that of the publlo interest.
More than that, it wai itlll a syitem in which devotion to great
causes beyond the seduction of
private ambition could win for
high-minded men the confidence of
the electorate. And by the knowledge1 of this quality, the English
constitution was a source of education to the people. It stimulated
noble desires; lt was the nurse of
worthy ldoals. Itl offered an Incomparable platform where great
principles oould be put to the test
of publlo opinnlon,
But the British constitution, like
every political instrument, la the
servant of statesmen in offlee. It
worki only upon the obvioui a*
sumption that its spirit la unvio
ldted and its foundations kept iecure. When it ls made the Instrument of private ambition it oeaaei
■either to Inspire or to instruct. Its
parti are too nicely reticulated tb
work ln harmony with eaoh other
upon other conditions. It beoomie
a method of obstruction Instead of
an Instrument of progress. If it ls
made subservient to an extraneous
purpose, that central principle of
representation which ll its essence
becomes degraded into a confused
and unworthy scramble fonprlvate
interest. The member of parliament is narrowed in hts Ideas. He
exchanges the servico of the nation
for the service of the government.
The very doubt and uncertainty of
the electorate will prevent him
from taking a line of boldness. The
divisions into which lt has been
manoeuvred will make him search
for the path of action ln the proceedings of the prime minister.
There, at least, he oan see substantial reward; while on the side of
the people he will discern only the
impotence of confusion. And this
makei the system more vicious
since lt adds to the ignoble methods of the government a mental
power which increases their danger. The end of this polloy is to
reduce the people to Insignificance
unless lt choose, by violent commotion, to reassert Its power,
Tha Lost Key of Politi™
The British constitution has survived extreme vicissitudes In the
past The experiments of Cromwell the revolution of 1688, the
calculated corruption of George
III—all these lt has somehow met
without losing the inner spirit of
its life. But the test It now faces
is substantially different from those
of a previous time. It now must be
adapted to the challenge of a new
economic synthesis. Before, it
wa» faced only by the problem of
political readjustment, The foundations of property have been called Into question. Statesmen have
to docldo whether our institutions
can be made to respond without
the compulsion of violence. What
answer they will moke we do not
know; but, at least, we do know
that only a concerted effort can
ptave off the chaos that any great
'et/onomic revolution Is now seen to
involve.
Not less certain, however, is the
fact that we cannot hope to succeed If the ethos of our institutions
deliberately betrayed. Toleration and kindliness have been, ever
since 1688, the keynote of our political system; Its perversion to privato ends renders Impossible the
continuance of that spirit. For the
destruction of public trust Is the
guarantee of public disaster. The
prime minister seeks to array
again is the forces of reasoned
change of all ignorance thut is
capable of seduction and all Interests that admit of purchase. It is
upon his shoulders that the responsibility for the outcome must lie.
His methods have been calculated
and his purpose conscious. Ho
seems determined to sacrifice upon
the altar of his private ambition
the whole spirit of our publlo life.
A democracy cannot survive if It
be bewildered and mistrustful; the
law of Its life is a reasoned knowledge of Its problems, a sure confidence in those who operate its
will. Thut is why it behooves good
men to unite against his effort lest
their apathy be one day adjudged
the chief instrument of his sinister
determination.—Harold J. Laske,
in the London Nation.
Every Pair a Real Bargain
CHRISTMAS SLIPPERS FOR MEN*
A big assortment at this price; all wool felt;  e%_ «g
sold at $2.75, now $1.00
Men's Blaok Felt Slippers, leather soles and
heels; now selling at ......v
Comfy Klddlei' Slippers, all
wool, on sal. at,        AP-
•iu. 4-7  *70\f
Had. with ankle .trap, leather  covered,  felt sole;   on
_&____{ $1.10
Ladiea' fur-trimmed Juli.ta,
all oolon; ipeelal d»rt OB
Packard Kid Slipper, la
Brown, Black AO AB
and Rom, at...... V»W
Speolal line, to dear at tkll
T. $1.65
Fawn and Green Plaid Slippers, with soft wool llnlnc.
leather-covered    *|   QC
All Wool Plaid Slippers, in dark shades; reduced from $3.26 to 	
Men's Moccasin Slippers, in leather, with soles
and heels.   Splendid wear, at	
$2.10
$2.45
$4.95
For one week only I hav. tak.n onr 1000 pain of r.iular 111,
112 and til shoes and nan mate thom  on* prloo.   Bray
wanted style In dress ud work ahoes.
All sises, at ',',, .—„—-
$7.95
sole, at
Shoe Repairing
Better work thaa
usual. While yoa
. nre doing your Xmas
shopping let mo do
wur shoe repairs.
Tou will flnd real economy In the purchase of thla Ha* of IImI
Chrom. Work Boots. Thty ban doubl. aoUa aad ac* alt aallt
leath.r.  A saving of 13.00 p.r pair At* OB
at _-    ep*0et*O
OET YOUB SKATES 8HABPEHED HERE
A XMAS TBEAT FOB SOBE FEET.
A pair of shoes mads to Wer is an ideal
Xmas gift. Come in and arrange with ma
and I will do the rest.
. All year round oomfort.
P.Paris
51 Hastings West
Big Business, Press and Mexico
IMS SHI
FACE ML
Communists Still Receiving: Death and Jail
Sentences
(Frederick Kuh)
(Daily  Herald  Special  Correspondent)
Vienna—While tha Allies are
publicly demanding tht reduction
of the Hungarian army, France
continues surreptitiously to fan the
llama of Rlaygar millturlsm.
I have received authentic information of another deal just put
'through between the Paris and
Budapest governments. A few
days ago the French military au-!
thorlty met Count St. Sanvoui', representing Hungary, and an agreement waa reached that tho Magyar
.nrnty .should come Into possession
uf extensive military stores now at
the headquarters of the Fronch
Eastern army in Novlsad (Jugoslavia. )
By this transaction Horthy acquires among other supplies, 240
'tootor lorries, 60 sanitary autos,
and 50 passenger cars.
Figures of the Terror
I have juit received an official
Statement br the publio prosecutor
of Budapest, summarizing the activities of Horthy's law courts
against "political criminals."
j, It ls announced that legal proceedings have been initiated agalnat
28,419 persons\ for theh. alleged
dommunist "offences." Of these,
1318 have been tried before the
extraordinary court.
' Thirty-seven Socialists have been
sentenced to death In Budapest and
hanged. Sentences of imprisonment have been passed upon 1128
political prisoners. Two have been
par'tfoned by the gracious condescension of Regent Horthy. Charges
agalnat 12,802 have been dropped.
It should be kept In mind that
these figures apply only to the
municipality of Budapest.
Thus, according to the public
prosecutor's own' statement, there
remain 15,667 political prisoners Incarcerated In Budapest today,
without trial.
Edmonton, Alta,—Rockefeller in
tercsta, through the Imperial Oil
Company, Canadian subsidiary of
the Standard Oil Company, bave
flled most of the applications for
11,000 aores of oil leases ln the
Grand Prairie Land offlee, near tko
British Columbia boundary.
(By Arthur Thomson)
What appears to be a well-
thought-out gamo of camouflage
and bluff as regards Mexico, Is now
being played by the big business
seatlon of the capitalistic press.
Papers like the Los Angelos Times,
the San Francisco Chronicle and
the New York Times, not to mention others, are strictly organs ot
big business. These organs art ail
now seemingly quite favorable to
Mexico and the "Obregon administration, though their editorial polloy
Is guarded and their writers don't
openly and fully endorse Obregon
as do some of the organs of the
commercial traders of the border
states. But on the whole, a marked change has come over theae big
business sheets, and leads one to
wonder what their little game ls,
especially when It comes to mind
that these same organs were most
hostile to Mexico and favored intervention a few months ago. Also
another factor leads to suspicion
when the fact is recalled, that the
heads of certain of theso sheets are
thick ns thieves with tho disgruntled elements of the oil and other
Interests, E. L, Dohenny, the oil
millionaire, and Harry Chandler,
head of tho Los Angeles Times, are
both fn on certain business ventures. Yet Dohenny is openly hostile to the Mexican constitution and
the oil group he Is connected with
Is engaged ln misrepresenting Mexico to the American public, and the
oil opposition Is chiefly responsible
for non-recognition of the Mexican
government by the United States.
Chandler's Times, on thc other
hand, while not Uklng the Mexican
constitution any better than Doh-
onny's bunch, Is nevertheless somewhat supporting Obregon and giving very little spaco to the oil propaganda.
This ts to be Mexico's last ciyince,
wc art told. It the Obregon administration falls, then lt is all up
with Mexico. Intervention will be
the only course left open to tho
United States, so they tell us. If
Obregon does not deliver the goods
—that Is, the Interests' goods-
then on with tho guns!
But either the opposition interests must come off their high horse
or else the Obregon government
must meet the demanda of theae Interests, lf the Intervention cry ls to
cease. Obregon has already stated
that the constitution of 1917 ls to
Btand, and even if it ls to be changed, the Mexican congress can
only do that and not the president.
It ls not likely |hat the opposition
Interests will be satisfied with a
compromise, but will keep up Insidious propaganda and propnre for
'the day/ If oil can prevent recognition of the Mexican govern*
ment tot several montha—and
even yet lt is not recognised—
then oil Is powerful enough to do
a lot of dirty work yet.
Now, the big business presa
knows thia aa well as any one. But
why are thoy not siding ln with
the oil Interests as formerly? There
ls an ulterior motive back of most
overy act of the kept press editor.
The kept presa, lt seems to me, la
not now supporting Obregon because they believe he Is the man
to lead Mexico out of th* wilderness. There Is some sinister scheme
on hand.
Here, lt aeems to me, Is the explanation of the game now being
played by ths big business press,
By making believe that they are
supporting Obregon, theso papers,
whioh represent oertaln big interests, bcliove they will pull the wool
over the people's eyes and win
converts to their oause whsn they
decide the timo Is ripe to ihow
their hand. By not giving space to
intervention propaganda, and by
supporting Obregon the kept press
hopes lt can win support when the
time arrives to open up on Mexico.
They can then point to the faot
that they supported Obregon, and
in no way embarrassed ths new
administration. The publlo will reason that as this press had been
fair and ln the right before, It must
now be a fact, as this press argues,
that Intervention Is necessary.
Mexico has had Its laat chance, and
Kas failed, so the beneficent United
States must step in and help Mexl-
so redeem Itself—tot Imperialism,
only, they won't tell lt that way.
SOCIALIST DAILY HAS
OVER 2,000,000 READERS
Italian Socialist Belly Newspaper
Covers Big Field on Behalf
of Tolling Masses
Avanti, tho official Socialist dally
of Italy, has passed the 2,000,000
mark. Editions are published
simultaneously in Milan, Rome and
Turin.
Moscow.—Discovery of precious
historical Syrian Inscriptions
Turkestan near Samarcand by Ber-
thold, a member of the Academy
of Science In Petrograd, has been
reported by Oldemburg, president
of that institution. Tho academy
has taken charge of the extremely
valuable archives of tho emir of
Bokhara.
■CrediH
to whom credit is duo, and
credit '". ii due to us
bee ansa ora fin yon oredit
for any
Furniture
yoa require, tnd thus allow yon to oi» yonr ready
cash for immediate necessities and to enable yon to
have a good
Christmas
Low Prices   Eaay Termi
Quality the Bert
We seek your acquaintance.
HOME
J
FurnitureCo.
416 MAM
Opportte Olty inn
AT 1. N. HARVEY'S CLOTHING STORES
Now If 8
OVERCOATS
At Less Than Wholesale Price
Even with the very mild weather, we have had a splendid overcoat season, principally beoause of tha style and
make of our overcoats and the very modest prioes at
which they were marked. Out of an immense stoek at
the beginning of the season we have now only about 200
overcoats left, and have decided to group all overcoata
regular up to $80, in four special lots to clear.
$25, $35, $45 and $55
OVERCOATS
Begular to
$40 fot
OVERCOATS
Regular to
$60 for
$25
$45
OVBBOOATB
Regular to
$60 for
OVERCOATS
Regular to
$80 for
$35
$55
t*my yemr Chrlitmu Gills for mm
here »nd rnte the difference
J. N. Harvey
Limited
127 Hastings St. West
614416 Yates Bt., VtotoiU
-LOOK TOR THE BIG MID ARROW SIGN- PAGE SIX
twelfth tear. No. ex  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FRIDAY.... December 17, IU
UUION HADE
The |M.T. Loggers' Boot
Mill orden  periOMlly attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Chnlfci una Ate Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to R. VOS & SON
es CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. 0.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Plume Sermonr 550 Repairs Done While Von Walt
10 Sub. Cards
Qood for oae year's subscription to Tke
B. 0. Federationlit, will t>* milled to
any address fn Canada for $22,50
(Oood anywhere outside of Vancourer
city.) Order ten today. Remit when sold.
F.L.P. NOTES
A good bet In the civic election
handicap Is the Pettipiece, Trotter,
Bcrlbbens trio nominated by the
Federated Labor Party.
The "Fed" will Interest the young
folk this week in so far that we
announce the F. L. P. Sunday
School Christmas tree and concert
on December 27 ln the F. L. P.
HaU at 8 p.m. Sunday School ls
held every Sunday afternoon at
1:80 p.m.   Enroll the young folk.
Comarde Scrlbbens has some lm.
portant Items to express at the
Open Forum on Sunday at 8 p.m.
in the F. L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova
Btreet West, and lf you wish to
hear something new bring a pal
and the 'ole dern family."
On New Year's night ft social
concert and dance will be hold at
the I. O. O. F. Hall on Main Street.
Both floors have been arranged for
to cope with the "grand campaign
rally" crowd. Good musical talent.
Good dancing and refreshments,
and rumor hath lt that- Sam
Guthrie, M. L. A., will pour tho
tea, Freo Invitation cards will be
available from Federated Labor
Party members.
F. L. P. Correspondent, 8, H. C.
JUNIOR LABOR LEAGUE
ELECTS OFFICERS
EMPRESS
Phone Beymour 8492
NEXT WEEK
Charley's Aunt
Featuring
RAT  B.   COLLINS
Live Bunch of Officers and Committees Elected by Young
People
The annual election of office™
and committee conveners for the
coming year in the J. L. L, has
resulted as follows:
Honorary president, J. S. Woods-
worth; honorary vice-president,
Wm. Ivens," Mrs. W. R. Trotter;
president, Miss M. Rees; vice-
president, E. F. Trotter; secretary-
treasurer1, J. L. Corse; recording
secretary, Miss M. Corse; addition-
el executive members, J. M. Richardson and D. L. Charlton; librarian, N. Bennett; Comrades Miss
Corse, J. Richardson and J. L.
Corse were appointed convenors of
the social, educational and sports
committees; respectively. Strong
committees have been appointed
to act with the convenors and the
entire membership Is out to make
this a most successful season.
Nearly a dozen new members are
to be initiated at the next Initla-
SLATER'S
4 BIG STORES—FREE DELIVERY
188 HASTINOS STBEET EAST
Phone Sey. 3202
830 OBANVILLE  STBEET
Phone Say. 860
FBESH MEAT DEFT. SPECIAL
On Bile Friday and   Saturday.    Ouli*
famona    Pork    Shoulders,    weighing
from   4   to   9   lbs.   Reg.   36 c   lb.
Special, lb   29 l-8c
ANOTHER POBK SPECIAL
Small middle cuts of Pork, practically no bone, weighing from 2
to 10 lbs. Reg. 40o, Friday and
Saturday, lb. - 38 1-2C
1191 OBANVILLE STREET
Phone 6149
3200 MAIN STBEET
Phone Pair. 1083
PROVISION DEPABTMENT
Here'i a Bargain
Slater'a Famous  Streaky Bacon, half
or whole slabs; reg. SOo lb., Friday
and Saturday, lb 43 l-2c
The BiggeBt Special In Vancouver
.....12c
...  lfic
Oren Roast frnrn,  lb lie
Stew Beef from, lb 170
Boiling Beef, from, lb.
Pot Roast from, lb. .
LABD  SPECIAL
Burns Finest Carnation Compound
Lard, fn bulk; regular 25c, Friday
and Saturday, 5 lbs. for  fl.00
BONELESS ROLLED BEEF
Try one of our Famous  Boneleaa
Rolled Roasts in cuts from 2 to 10
lbs.; regular  85c  lb., Friday  and
Saturday, lb 20 1-So
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb...46c
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, ll>...50c
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb...6So
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Roll, lb...65c
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Hack, )b...46c
Local Latnb Stew from, lb 2<Tc
Local Lamb Shoulders, lb 23 l-2c
Local Lamb Loins, lb 32 1-20
Loeal Lamb Legs, lb - 38c
HAM SPECIAL
On  Friday and  Snturdny wo will
sell our Famous Picnic Hums, reg.
88c lb., special, lb     29 l-2c
SPECIAL
Finest Beef Dripping, lb., on1y..20c
Finest Beef Sausage, lb., only..25c
Finest Lamb Liver, lb., only... 20c
Leaf Lard, 8 lbs. for  |1.00
BUTTER—BUTTER—BUTTER
On Friday and  Saturday morning up
to' 10.30 a.m. we will sell our Famous
A Iberia Creamery Butter, regular 05c
lb., special, 3 lbs. for 51.73
GROCERY  DEPABTMENT
We  are  selling  cheap  groceries.
OgilvleB Rolled  Oats,  6-ib.  sks 30c
Quaker Strawberry Jam, 4-lb. tin f 1.45
Tomatoes,   large   tins    Iflc
Quaker Corn  lflc
Quaker Peas  18c
Maple Leaf Milk, largo tins, 2 for..2fic
Quaker Pork and BeanB, 3 for ....26c
Brunswick  Sardi-.es,  3  for  2fic
EOO SPECIAL
On  Friday and   Saturday we will
sell U. 8, Storage EggB, reg. 65c
doien,   for,   dosen    60c
Every egg guaranteed.
NUTS—NUTS—NUTS
Finest WaluutF.  lb 16c
Finest Almonds, lb S6c
Finest  Xiggur Tots, lb 40c
Finest  Filberts,  lb 35c
Jap Oranges, box  ...90c
A
Riot Over a Supposed Relic of the Great World
War
(By the Federated Press)
Sheboygan, Wis.—Sheboyganites
hnve been worshipping a false god.
A cannon which was brought here
from Washington, D. C, prophcted
and announced by the American
Legion as "a relic of tlie great war,
captured by American heroes at
the expense of blood and life,, and
which amidst ritualistic ceremonies, including riots and the burning In effigy of local Socialist officials, was set up In the' "high
places" of the town,—this sacred
Idol has been discovered to be not
tho "true god" after all.   ,
But before tho holy cannon was
revealed to be a oommon field
piece conflicts bitter as only religious strife can be, raged In tho
town of Sheboygan,
The Legionaries and their faction hailing the gun as the symbol
of their own faith, set it up in the
public square, only to find lt irreverently removed to an obscure
part of town by the friends of the
Socialists, whose images they had
burned during the sanctlficatlon
ceremonies of the previous day.
With religious zeal they sought
out the victim of this sacrilege and
reinstated it in the park.
And then the disclosure oame,
the shattering disclosure which revealed that the wine of their worship had been poured out before
a "golden calf,"—a mere field
piece of the Span Ish-American
war.
Is there no balm of Gilead for
the disappointment? None tot the
Legionaries and their followers,
who have prayed to a false image?
But the Socialists who opposed the
setting up of the cannon, and who
have been cheated of a victory in
the open battle field by the discovery that lt is not a world war relic,
have claimed at least a parliamentary victory. Their1 councilmen
who are in the majority in the city
council, have censured the mayor
for allowing the weapon to be
brought to Sheboygan without
their authorization.
New York.—James Larkin, Harry
Wlnttsky and Benjamin Gltlow,
serving five-year terms for alleged
violation of the state criminal anarchy law, have been transferred
from Danmemora prison to Sing
Sing.
Detroit—The wages of skilled
mechanics here have been reduced
from $1 to $1.25 to 60 or 65 cents.
Tho Bulck Motor Company has reduced the wages of Its skilled dye-
makers fr'om 80 or 90 cents an
hour to 50 or 66 cents.
tlon meeting and a round-up of
young people interested in the
work of the league Is being conducted now. Tonight (Friday) a
social and whist drive will be held
at 929—nth Avenue East, at 8
p.m.
X-RAYS Locate Ills
_AT THE—
Vancouver X-Ray
Institute
614 STANDARD BANK BUILDINO
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
■ COUNOIL—President, J. M. Clarke;
vlM-pmldent, R. W. Hatley; secretary
J 0. Smith; treasurer. A. S. Wells;
wrgeant-at-arms, E. Horn*; trustees,
Carr, Vurubien, Slevarwrlgfat and Midgley. Meets Srd Wednesday each month
In the Pender Hall, corner of Pendor and
Howe streets.  Phono Sey. 291.
A_U_D   MUNTIMt*   TRADES   COUN-
ell—lleeta    aecond    Monday    In    tht
montb.    Preaident, J. F. McConnell; aee-
tetary. ft- H. Neelanda. P. O. Boi 86.	
'iferouB Miners—Vancouver, B. C, headquarters, 61 Cordova Street Wut. All
workers engagod In this industry are
urged to loin the Union bofore going on
the Job. Don't wait to be organised, but
organise youraslf.	
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE" OF
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets aecond and fonrtb
Mondays, 310 Ponder St. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave, North Vancouver; financial aeeretary, E. Goddard,
866 Richards Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P. O.,
Burnaby, B. O.
ENGINEERS EMPLOYED IN THE
Lnmber Indnatry (eamp and mill)
■aat with fellow workera In that industry. Organise Into the Lumber, Camp *
Agricultural Workers Dept. of tha O. B.
U.   Headquarters, 61 Cordova street wtat,
Vancouver.   Pbone Bey. 7650-	
OENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OF THE
0i B. U.—President, R. W. Hatley;
■wretary, J. G. Smith, MeeU 1st Wed-
nesday ln each month In Pender Hsll,
eor. of Pendar and How* streets.   Phone
Bay.  291. __
BOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM;
pluyees, Loesl 28—MeeU every aecond
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 p-m-
Md ovory fonrth Wednesday in the month
It 6:80 p.m. President, John Cumtnings,
Wore) y and business agent, A. Oraham.
Offlce and meeting hall, 441 Seymour St.
ff. Pbone Sey. 1661. Offico hoars, 8
>jn. to 6 p.n. _
International   longshoremen'!
Association, Loesl 88-62—Office nd
hall 162 Cordovs Bt. W. Meeta firat
■ad third Fridays, • p.m. Secretary*
treasurer, I. Chapman; businsss agent,
B. Rlabwda.
O. B. U. UNIT PILE DRIVERS. WOOD-
on Bridgemen, Dorrickmen and Riggers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p.m., Ir, O. B. U. Hull, 804
Pender St. W. President, T. L. Hewitt;
financial secretary and business agent, E,
Home.   Plio.ii>, Seymour 201,
INTEBNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK*
an* Union—Meats 2nd and 4th Mon-
days. Praaldant, J. E. Dawson, 1646 Yew
01., KtUilano; aewaUry, E. T. Kelly,
1160 Hastings flt. I.; reeordlng aeerstary,
L Holdsworth, 6lf—14th Bt. W., North
Tsnaonvw.
EtiMBBfc,   OAMP   A   AGRICULTURAL
WORKERS Dept. ef tha O. B. U.—
Aa Industrial onion of sll workers ln log-
Sif ssd construction camps. Coast Dls-
0t snd General Headauarters, 61 Cor-
Itra flt. W., Vaneonver, B. 0. Phon* B*y.
MM. ■• Wlnoh, general secretary-
treuurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald k Co., Vancouver, B. Cj auditors, MMiri. Bnttsr * Chiene, Vancou-
wr. B. C.	
lURINE FIREMEN * OILERS UNIT of
lh* 0. B. 0. B«t in their union ball
Bt Roomi 8 snd 4 Empire Hotel, 76 Hast-
tan Eaat. flrst sad third Wednesday in
Ai month.     Prnldwt V.  Owens;   vice-
RalAeat, D. Csrllai iwrettrr. Eiri King.
an* jtr. tttt. 	
gnXWORKERB EMPLOYED IN THE
Umber Iaflnstry, organli* lata tw
H. * A. W. D*pt. at tha <>■ b.V.
Mhlworkert, Branoto mettu fellows:
Vaaeouver—Lumber Worker*' hamaaf
ton, 61 Oordova flt. W. E«ry Monday
mX Wolminiter—Ubor Hall, eor. Royal
"vs. and 7th Bt. tod snd 4th Wednesday* st t p.m.
fnaar Mill*—Old Moving Piiture Theatre, MaillardvlU*.   Ind and 4th Than*
Por/'Moo'iy^-Onni* Hall, Snd Friday,
avary month, at 8 p.m.
Ullfc.   MILL  AND  SMELTER  WORK-
*F Uatt ol tha Oat Bl| Union, Metal-
PULP, LAPKK AND SULPHITE WORK-
•ra—You need the Camp Workers ef
your Industry. Thoy need you. Organise
together In tho 0. B. U. Indutsrlal Unit
of your occupation. Delegates on every
fob, or write the District Headquarter*,
01 Cordova Bt. W., Vancouver, Entrance
fee, |1.QQ; monthly dues. $1.00.	
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasten*™, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
Series 5—Meet* tho 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month at 310 Pender St. Wost, 6
p.m. President, William Maylor; flnanclal
secretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding secretnry, W. Lee. Offico
"  ~ Pender St. W.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNI UN No. 226-
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
president, 0. H. Collier; aeeretary treuorer,  R. R. Neelands,  Boi 66.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS* UNION OF
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetings hold
flrat Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, D.
Lawson; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, P. 0. Box 603; flnanclal secre'
tary, T. Templeton, P. 0. Box
IW
THE FIRSf WORLD WAR
Teacher of Dregless Healing   -
CLINIC
for ths elimination of non-contagious
chronic ailments by Natural Methods.
Hours, 0 to 6 evenings by appointment.
Vanconver X-Ray and Naturopathic Institute, 014 Standard Bank Building. Phone
Seymour 1077.
STREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY
Employee*, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and 3rd Mondaya at 10.16 a.m. and (
p.m. Pnaldent, K. Rigby; recording
seeretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
Eut; treuorer, P. Mldswsy: Inanelal
aeeretary and business agent, W. H, Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; offico corner
Prior and Main Sta. Phoae fait. 16MB,
Provincial Unions
/VICTORIA, B, 0,
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Conncil—Meet* first snd
third Wednesday*, KnlghU of Pythlu
Hall, North Parh Street, st 8 p.m. Preaident, A. C. Pitt, vice-president, 0. E.
Copeland; secretary-treasurer, E, B.
Woodward, P. 0. Bos 302, Victoria, B.O.
PBINOE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADES AND LA-
bor Council—Meets aecond and fourth
Tuesday* of eaoh month, In Carpenters'
Hsll. President. S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; aeeretary, Geo. Wad<
dell,  Box  278.  Prince  Rupert,  B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
COUNCIL, 0. B. tt—Meots every Tueaday In tho Mclntyre Hall at 6 p.a. Meeting* open to all 0. B. U. members. Secretary-treuurer, N, Booth, Bos 117
Prince Rupert.  B,  0.
WE TEACH YOU
TO DANCE
Pender Hall
Private or Glass
Lessons
Afternoon
Evenings
Oorner HOWE and PENDER
Sey. 2*1
Veteran of the Great War
NOTICE!
We will dye your great coat bottle green, brown or black, take
oft shoulder itrapi, put on new
buttons and make it look like a
clvy coat, all for $5.00,
Mall Orders Promptly Attended
to.
7 Little Tailors
SSA Carrall Street
VANCOUVER, D. C.
The First World War,   By
C. A'Court Replngton.  Ivi
pages.    Houghton WttU'ul
pany, Boston.      -
THERE] is no doubt thl
great book of the war, ai
written by a central and
figure. Like a sort of Inky
Colonel Replngton aat makii _.
the butchers' bills, counting! Jfhe
corpses, calculating the possible
corpses, and reducing it all to those
inoffensive ciphers in which the
official mind loves to disguise its
own waste and wantonness. But it
is more than a book about war.
Colonel Replngton was not only
high In strategy before the war,
but grew in society during the war.
If his account of the blundering
generals, the callous espousement
of stupidity by statesmen, the febrile and hysterical disputes between the war leaders will about
finish vat as a flne art, his lapses
into society and aocount of society
patois will certainly finish oit London society. A society can survive
the exposure of Its vice or flaming orgies, as they add to the
color of history and to the Pharisaic self-enjoyment of ths Middle
Classes. But no society oan survive a diary In which iti most
pointless vulgarisms are elaborated
ln the setting of two grandiose
volumes. The mountains travailed
and were delivered of a trifling
puke! Colonel Replngton moves
between a blood-bath and a stale
spittoon, and Is apparently prouder of dipping his pen ln the latter
than In the formef. The world
was full of military experts, but
there was only one who could retire from his labors into the company of Doris Keane, "Bee" Herbert, Mrs. Leeds, "Alice" and
other society queens with whom
Replngton bandied chaff.
His constant inference to women
by their Christian names recalls
the French climber whom a sprig
of the ancient noblesse thus ad-
ressed: "The difference, sir, between us is slight, but it is noticeable that whereas I call Madame la
Marquise so in public and by her
Christian flame in private, you use
her Christian name in public but
are constrained to call her Madame
la Marquise to her face." The jests
retailed by Replngton of society
are such that they cannot even be
jested about. They are not even
bad jests, which have a redeeming
folly, but are simply vulgar1, stale,
and unprofitable. Will It sooth or
stir the world to know that a bashful hotet waiter asked by an arriving guest for Lady Lavery Whispered: "Downstairs and first! to
the right!" Another astounding
mot Is laid to the credit of Shield
Marshal Robertson. After seeing
Lady Stewart-Richardson djaneo
with baro legs he uttered the .Impressive anatomical remark,, th,at
her leg was like any other damn
leg! From pretty byplay of .this
kind we turn to the red pujp of
unstrategical massacres which
made up the first world war) .and
rather exhausted material for a
second. The book does not co .-
demn the gallant colonel; for what
he was he Is and ever more shall
be so, but it damns the society
which received him or which he believed received him. Likewise his
account of the wur arouses only
pity for the anonymous units, the
heroic individuals, who passed
away believing that their leaders
had the souls of Crusaders and that
the structure of society they died
to uphold was intimately related to
civilization and Christ. But what
are we to think of the jealous
squabbling leaders, aB ignorant and
squally as children. Kitchener,
foi* Instance, at a cabinot "opened
a furious attack on L. George . .
. upon which L. G. turned on him
white with rage and tore the figures to pieces. K. gathered up the
papers . . . was dragged back
by the coat tails." Aud what is
ono to think of the mentality of
the admirals of the grand fleet who
"In turn went to seo the fortune
telle?," and came out with eyes
agleam when "the lady prophesied
great careers for them all!" The
good King George Is kept in the
background, but Colonel Replngton Introduces him in the feeble role
of visiting a collection of indecent
("coarse but virile") Gorman postcards, the sweet and hard-won trophies of the iron gunrdlanshlp of
the sens! Between the most appalling battles and torrents of
blood the wonderful optimism and
light-hearted ness of the strategists
continued. For instance, "It Is
generally supposed Bolo will be
shot, in which case I shall win my
bet—with the postmistress!" And
there ls comfort tot the Allies ln
hearing that "Mrs. Keppel and I
defeated the American army at
bridge."
However, It is impossible to go
through Armageddon note book In
hand and not record some straws of
wit or interest, and by diligent sifting of the massive two volumes an
epigram or an anecdote will be
found suitable t0 the taste of any.
Seton-Watson is described as having the soul of a mlil-wlfe in his
anxiety to deliver Europe of new
nationalities, especially In i the
breedy Balkans. We hear of Bel-
loc and Chesterton as bo absorbed
by the brilliance or dulled by the
profundity of their own conversation that they did not hear the
■ bombs during an air raid. We hear
of Balfour acknowledging the loss
of a thousand guns in the cheerful
words "What a bore." It depends
perhaps what the bore of the guns
was, This is our brilliant addition
to several otherwise witless pftges,
Very seasonable, however, it ls to
learn that seven cabinet ministers
wafned futurity In their wtllajthat
Margot Asqulth's stories about
them in her dairy would be found
untrue. But for a Uttle chaff like
this, was It worth the while of
destiny or fate or fame (or whatover damnatory power's were concerned) to ply the monstrous winnowing fan of four years' war?
Would a subterrestrlal edition even
add to the sarcastic bitterness of
the dead?
But Colonel Replngton martts an
era ln writing which even Margot's
Momoirs had not achieved. The
flood gates are 'open now, and no
one knows what diary may not bo
published next. If a woman can
make up the letters and sentiments
of her inartioratl, dead or alive,
into material for the Sunday pap
ers, and a seriouB military writer
can record the feeble vulgarity of
people who entertained him in exchange for his military Impressions
during the war, we may expect that
the last mask or mystery will be
torn from English society.
But we have not appraised the
military and historical value of
portions of the book, which are at
least outspoken and probably most
true when most dlsconertlng to
popular Idols like Kitchener and
Lloyd George. Replngton had decidedly the qualities of his defects.
There ls nothing he will not blurt
out like an honest fishwife, whether
he has got hold of the wrong end
of an after-dinner story or the
wrong Christian name of one of
the innumerable social puppets who
dance into his bulky Index. But
not having the pleasure of Colonel
Replngton's acquaintance, may we
out of Impolite curiosity ask who
the devil ls "Mr. Sidney Leslie?"
and likewise who the hell ls "Stephen Leslie?" They are unknown
and unrelated to
—Shane Leslie, ln the Dial.
A REVIEW
INN.!.
100  Per Cent.—The   Story   of   a
Patriot;  by Upton Sinclair.
THE FEDERATIONIST has received a copy of the above
work. Every thinking working man, who ia hoping and working for a better world for his children to live In, should procure a
copy and study it and realize the
sinister forces which must be overcome before his dream can be realized.
The decent man shudders at the
fiendish atrocities exposed by the
author; the man of honor stands
aghast at the dishonorable means
employed by the ruling powers,
and the Briton with his firm faith
in the British judge and in British
justice, recoils in horror at the absolute lack of justice, honor and
human feeling displayed by thc
plutocrats of that unfortunate
country.
To me K was a revelation, as if
the skin of these plutocrats had
been torn away and exposed to
view, the hideous growth, which
the cancer of greed has made In
their mentalities ln the past 'few
decades. To what calamity, X asked myself, is the human race rushing when In a country boasting of
its liberty, ItB civilization and IU
Christianity, everjtj regulation of
man and every law of God, have
been violated with impunity, and
the evildoers held up as patterns
for the patriot and the Christian.
World events are without doubt
gravely agitating the minds of big
business today, and filling them
with fear and rage, and they are
blindly using every means at their
command, no matter how vile and
repulsive, to preserve their1 own
selfish interests, and sadder still
they can find all the filthy tools
they require In the ranks of the
workers themselves.
But to my mind the most astonishing feature of the whole proceeding is the blank, stone blindness of these big business plutocrats.
Doe? it never strike them thnt
there mtiiit be an inevitable reaction to iheir iniquities; not a harmless series of individual reactions
which they could control, but ono
gigantic, concerted crushing rebound beforo which they will bc
wiped -off the face of the earth,
and will perish as miserably as
.hey have lived.
We read of German and Turkish atrocities, Zulu barbarities and
the immoralities of the abroginal
tribes, and we, as Britons, smugly
shudder' and thank God we are not
as other peoples are, and pharisaically turn our eyes upward and
sanctimoniously roil them and comfortingly assure ourselves of a
place reserved for us in the top
storey of Heaven, ond vainglori-
ously shout our virtues to the
whole earth; aud when It pleases
our masters to excite us by accounts
of these awful deeds, we spring up
ln our millions to slaughter those
burbarians.
But I have been reading some of
the evidence given before the commission sitting in New York to investigate the Christian atrocities of
Lloyd George's Black and Tans in
Ireland, condoned by the great
Welsh wizard in his Carnarvon
speech; and of some of the deeds
done in India by God-fearing Brit
Ish commanders, and my hopes of.
that cushioned, scented seat hi that
glorious upper storey have grown
vague and shadowy and my heart
aches.
To my mind It seems strange that
this New York commission should
not include witnesses of the doings
of their own ruling powers, as described in Mr. Sinclair's book. What
a cm lous thing Is human nature.
It Is always the other fellow who
Is black; illustrating also how efficiently our masters can train us
along the lines completely to his
liking.
It seems that the earth's rulers
know no other way to meet any
opposition t0 their autocracies than
the crude, club business of the savage, and the more complicated tortures of the barbarians of the middle ages, Illustrated in the dungeon
tortures of the Spanish Inquisition
and in the burnings and muitla-
tlons of the heretics by the saints
in England; and today because of
the fear that possesses them, theBe
things are becoming common again
and soon will be resorted to without any attempt at concealment.
As the struggle gets more acute
our masters' press will be shouting
and howling for" them In the name
of justice and in the name of Cod*
And as these masters know nothing
of the law of reactions, they will
blunder on till they have made the
earth a veritable shambles—and
till they themselveB have been exterminated.
CO-OPERATIVE LAUNDRY
WAS BIO FACTOR
Seattle   Workeri   Celebrate  Fifth
Anniversary of Union Worker
Owned Lanndry,
Seattle, Wash.—At the celebration of the fifth anniversary of tho
Mutual Laundry Company, a cooperative concern owned and controlled by union labor, it was tie-
clarcd to be the moBt Banitary
laundry on the Pacific Const. The
organization Jias been an important factor In unionizing other
"«n"pr"i. in Seattle, at
well m improving sanitary condl-
Central  Trades  Council
WiU Be in Control of
Conservatives
(By the Federated Press)
New Yorki—Complete victory
tot the Gompers group was seen
In the result of the elections for
the new central labor body of
Greater Now York, when the members voted for a ticket composed
entirely of "conservatives." The
Central Tfades and Labor Councilor Greater New York, which replaces the old Central Federated
Union of Manhattan and the Central Union of Brooklyn, will be
presided over by John Sullivan, a
vice-president of the American
Federation of Labor, and for more
than thirty years a conservative
labor official here.
Ernest Bohn, secretary of the
Central Federated Union, was defeated for secretary by William F.
Kehoe of the Brotherhood of
Teamsters, and William Kohn,
chairman of the original labor
party group here, was defeated for
vice-president by John P. Coughlin, formerly president of the Central Labor Union. Thomas J. Curtis was the only labor party man
elected to the executive committee
of 14, which otherwise consists of
Gompers men.
The new body, formed at the Instance of President Gompers of
the A. F. of L., represents about
760,000 unionists in Greater1 New
York.
GUN MEN ARE
NOW CHASING JOBS
United States* Copper Co. Has to
Lay Off Part of Its Army—
Hard Times
(By the Federated Press)
Butte, Mont.—Even the Anaconda Copper Mining Company is
feeling the pinch of hard times. It
has just laid oft 76 members of its
army of gunmen. This number is
vouched for by other* members of
the company's army of non-workers ftt the corporation barracks
here. Draymen have been hauling
gunnery equipment and personal
belongings away from the barracks.
Seattle, Wash.—George B. Lamping, backed by progressive forces
of Seattle, including unions and
the Seattle Union Record, was
elected port commissioner by more
than 6000 majority over' Thomas
S. Llppy, reactionary millionaire.
Lippy's friends tried to put him
over by playing up the "Americanism" Issue.
OVERCOATS
MUST GO
DOWN GOES THE PRICE
25 per oent. off all lines of Men's Overcoats and Suite
83 1-3 per cent, off some lines of Overcoats ,
Half Price—One Line of Overcoats Cut to Half Price
See our good warm Tweed Overcoats and Ulsters re-
duced to $12.50.   There are not many of these left. *
Carhartt Overalls  $2.50    Arrow Collars  25o
Underwear 25 per oent. off
Stanfield's Bed Label Underwear $2.50
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
309 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
F. L. P.   FORMS
80, VANCOUVER BRANOH
B. H. Neelands Welcomes Branch
—Another Meeting WUl Be
Held on Sunday
At an organization meeting of the
F. L. P. held at 148 Cordova Street
West on Saturday last, a new
branch for the district of South
Vancouver was inaugurated.
Mr. IX. H. Neelands, M. L. A., was
present, and welcomed the new
branch in the name of the party,
and briefly outlined the importai
work ahead.
Officers were elected and seven
matters discussed. The flrst meet
Ing of the new branch will be he:
at 148 Cordova Street West
Bunday, first, December lt, whf
a hearty Invitation is extended 1
all interested In the party to a
tend,
How about getting another sul
Bcrlber for the Federatlonist?  T
can  stand  6,000 more readers
Vancouver.
OPEN FORUM
PENDER HALL
Corner Pender and Howe Streets
Tonight, Friday, December 17
AT 8 P.M.
Subject:
"What Is the Dictatorship of the Proletariat?"
Speaker-J. HARRINGTON
.|..|M».l|M|.ltlltlHl.»1
Wm D. K. BOOK
Turned
Back the
Almanac
And marked his prices down to a
pre-war level, he turned it back
for good. It was not a special
sale stunt of his, it was a
FIXED PRICE POLICY
Based on the four prices thai
has built up a clothing business
second to none anywhere.
DONT DO A THING JUST BECAUSE YOUR
GRANDFATHER DID IT!
D. K. had a
Rough-house
in the Overcoat Depart-
—ment—
Found a lot of overcoats the
other da/ that would look
mighty flne on men's .backs.
They are the kind that give
extra good service, arc rightly
made and will be tho delight
of nny man, and tho prlcee
hnvo bcen reconstructed to a
pre-war basis—
$23, $27 and $35
It Isn't Necessary
to hnve your clothes made to
order. You pcrliaps have
nursed that old exploded iden
long enough.
Get the Facts
Consider the marvelous prog.
ress wliich Canada's foremost
designers and ready for service clothing makers have
-made ln the last few years.
See what D. K. Book's makers have accomplished while
the tailor has slept.
Critically examine D. K.
Book's Correct Clothes, and
easily see their superiority to
others at considerably more
money.
$19, $23, $27, $35
Suit Department
Is complete to tlie smallest
detail. Here yon will And absolutely tho best ln clothee
that Is produced In Canada.
For thc man that appreciate*
something better than the ordinary, we know of nothing
that we could recommend
more than a Lelshman hand-
tailored suit. As • matter of
fact, the whole department to
a credit to any clothing ston
—It Is "clothes perfection."
All have been repriced to •
pre-war basis, .
$45, $50, $60
D. K. BOOK •_+ ■
COMPLETE SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR YOVR MONEY   CHEERFULLY REFUNDED.
IF YOU ARE NOT SATISFIED—WE ARE NOT.
137 HASTINGS ST. WEST, Opposite Province
2^_\ FRIDAY-
..December IT, Hit
twelfth year. No. «   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vanootvmi. b. e
PAGE SEVEN
CREDIT
BUY YOUR XMAS
GIFTS MOW AND
FAT NEXT TEAR
Our liberal credit system
makes it possible for you to
give such appreciated gifts
as Coats, Furs, etc.
We have a choice line of Pox
Furs, red, white or cross Fox
—as well as other styles.
Men's Suits and Overcoats, latest
models—as well as a choice line of
Boys' Bcady-to-Wcar Clothes.
"We Lead-Ot/heri Follow"
342neoti^3tWe2t~  (§|pl
tHOME* _n/        ▼^       _oat__m ____ta___a^*-\r
rwE,
IJTRUST
YOU
coe home* 3*
Labor School Doings
The Lahor Sunday School meeting every Sunday at the F. L. P.
HaU, 148 Cordova Street West, at
1:45 p.m., li one that should be
receiving the nupport of every
working man's family. There are
three classes, taking boys and
girls of all ages. The annual
Christmas concert of the school
la to be held on Monday, December 27, In the F. L.  P. Hall.   It
Is particularly important that all
members be present at the next
two meetings of the school. If
the concerts held by the members
of the school In the past two years
can be taken as any criterion, then
strangers and friends in the city
can rest assured that the concert
wtll be well worth their attendance.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Sere TSey Are, Indued for You
Ut. Union Man, Ont Thia Out and aire It to Yonr WIT*
Auctioneers
Love _ Co 570 Seymour Streot
Tlsdolla Limited-
Bicycles
Billiards
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)	
...618 Eastings Street West
...Hastings Street East
...409 Hastings W.
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big- Shoe Houso	
Hem Paria. 64 Hastings Street Weat
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros, tt Clarke - 56 Hastings Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing:
..64 Hastings Street West
Pierre Paris. ********-------------**---—.—
New Method Shoe Repairing 337 Carrall Street
Millar _ Coe .
China and Toys
..416 Hastings Street West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Willard Coates 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium. Ltd 16th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder _ 74 FairHeld Building
Dr. H. Walton _ 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
Clothing: and Men's Outfitting:
Arnold ft Quigley 516 Granville Street
Clumaiu, Ltd. 168 Hastings Street West
Clubb ft Stewart....! 809-31S Hastings Stroet West
B. 0. Outfitting Co 342 Hastings Street West
B. C. Tailoring Co........   342 Hastings Bast
Wm. Diok Ltd.._ 33-48 Hastings Street East
i   Thos. Fostor ft.Co., Ltd 514 Granvillo Street
J. W. Poster ft Co., Ltd 345 Hastings Street West
3. N. Harvoy Ltd.... 125 Haatings West and Victoria, B. 0.
C. D. Bruce _ 401 Hastings Street West
1   New Tork Outfitting Co.... . 143 Hastings Streot West
L W. B. Brumltt Cordova Street
117 Hastings Street West
 665  Granville Street
-. K. Book .
Thomas & McBain     _^	
Seven Littlo Tallon .  » 336 Carrall Stroet
Coal
. »29 Main St., Soymour 1441 aid 465
Kirk ft Oo., Lt<L
Dancing Lessons
Pendor Hall Corner ot Pendor and Howe streets
W. E. Ferris Dancing School    .....Cotillion Hall
Dentists
Dr. Brett Anderson - 602 Hastings Wost
Dr. Gordon Campbell  805 Granville Street
Dr. W. J. Curry—.—."..-_ 301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer-
Cascade Boer-
Van Bros.	
Drinks
—Westminster Brewery Co.
..Vaneonver Breweries Ltd.
 Ciders and wines
Vancouvor Drug Co...
Drags
..Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
...623 Hastings Street West
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co  	
Educational
Lasnllo Extension University  701 Standard Bank Bldg.
B. C. School ot Pharmacy and Science .—..615 Pender West
.Florists
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd  48 Hastinga East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Hanon BroB 2398 Granvillo Street
R Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co.   233 Klngsway
i Nunn and Thomson „ 631 Homer Stroet
Hastings Furniture Co...
Furniture
 .41 Hastinga Street Weat
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company 416 Main Street
____„,, Groceries
' "Slaters" (three stores) _ Hustings, Granville and Main Streets
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Ponder Street West
__^_ Hatters
Calhoun's, Ltd -61 Hastings Street East
^^^ Jewelers
O. B. Allan 480 Granville Street
  Masseurs, Etc
M. F. Eby, B.A., M.B. 999 Broadway West
Musical Instruments
Swltzer Bros,......- - 311 Hastings Street West
Overalls and Shirts
'Big Horn" Brand (Turnor Beeton ft Co., Vlotoria, B. a)
Printers and Engravers
! Cowan ft Brookhouse...  ._.__ „.•»..-..——■ Labor Temple
'(lelland-Dibblo :—Tower Building
^^^^^^ Taxi Service
I Stanley Steam Taxi Co : 334 Abbott ofreot
Theatres and Movies
Empress   Orpheum  ;. _  Pant1 ges
(Drawn for The Federated Presa by Albert WallenJ
H. G. WELLS AND RUSSIA
A Reply by Wayfarer
In the Vancouver Province of
Nov. 20, there appealed an article
by H. G. Wells, giving an account
of hla visit t0 Petrograd and Moscow, and of some of the peoplo
and things he saw, and a brief but
vivid picturo of some of the condi
tions in Russia, which ahould In-
terest those wwho watoh with sympathy and expectancy the great ex-
pertment that has been launched
In that country, an experiment of
such tremendous importance to
the whole world. Mr. Wells chiefly
concerns himself in this article
with the ruin Into which the higher, or intellectual sido of Russian
life has fallen, the scientific, literary and artistic life of the country,
and, though there is an implied reproach, In what he says, to the
Bolshevist movement and, generally, to Marxian Socialism, for having no scheme of organization, cut
and dried to meet all cases, ready
to save and carry on thla higher,
collective life, during the total collapse of a social system from Inherent rottenness, during the chaos
and agony of its fall, yet he shows
clearly enough that the ruin he deplores was due to no fault of the
Bolshevik leaders and movoment;
and that, in spite of their' tremendous task of saving the country
out of chaos, and in spite of the
hostility of the civilized (?) world,
the Bolsheviki have applied themselves as best they can to remedy
this state of affairs, to enable the
workers ln science, literature and
art to carry on.
Too Hard for Wolls
It ls very interesting to watch
the development of mind and understanding, through a long period, of such writers as the American Winston Churchill arid Mr. H.
G. Wells. That of the former has
been a steady unfolding of vision,
and widening of mental grasp, up
to the point where the problems
with which he has dealt, have resolved themselves into the one fundamental economic and social problem as Marxian Socialists understand It, approximately. Mr. Wells'
evolution has been different. Starting as a Fabian Socialist, with a
pretty clear apprehension of the
rottenness of the social system, and
a belief that everything could be
put right by highly sketched social
and Industrial organization, which
would, of course, command the approval of.the gods of finance and
industfy. his literary career haa
been more or less of an attempt to
enlighten the-er-educated and Important classes of soolety. However,
thoae classes havo proved themselves a nut too hard for Mr. Wells
to crack, and ho seems, in his more
recont works, to be realising this
fact, and that the nodal and industrial quagmire Is more or less
the result of class ownorship and
domination, and evon perhaps that
the educated classes do not possess
either the will or tho understanding to tackle the problem. No
doubt, one primary roason why Mr.
Churchill should have arrived at a
more fundamental understanding
of the problem than Mr. Wells Is
that Mr. Churchill is more familiar
with science and scientific methods
and outlook than Mr. Wells, and
therefore has more easily grasped
some of the Marxian ideas, which
are primarily scientific. Mr. Wells
Is a great writer, a koen analyst of
social life and character, but, like
many clever men, he could
never "soe the wood for the trees;"
tliie simplicity of the whole escaped him In his pre-occupation with
details. One must also allow for
the dllTlcultles of a writer, dependent on bourgeois channels of publication, In giving free utterance
to his thoughts and discoveries.
Ont feels that he would speak
more plainly, more drastically,
about things, if he did not fear being out off from access to tha publlo ear.
Stumbles at Marxism
One wonders Indeed that thlB article, with ita evident, though mildly expressed sympathy with the
Russian movement, and testimony
ln tta favor, Is allowed cur'rency in
the plutocratic presa But Mr.
fells' stumbling block is still "the
crude Mnrxlan philosophy which
divides all men into bourgeoisie
nnd proletariat, which sees all social life as stupidly simple class
war;" "Marxist Communism, without plans and without ideas —a
theory not merely lacking in crea-,
tive and constructive ideas, but]
hostile to them;" condemning Uto-r
planlsm, Intelligent planning. "Not;
even the British business mag of,
the other type Is quite such a believer in things righting themselves
and in muddling through as these
Marxists." As to the problem of
sustaining scientific life, thought
and discussion, and the higher life
generally, "Marx the prophet and
hla aacred book supply tt with no
lead at all In the matter." "Bolshevism .having no scheme at all,
must improvise," and Is doing so,
according to Mr. Wella' own testimony, and Is already far ahead of
the old-fashioned governments of
other countries, though suffering in
this, as in other respects, terrible
disadvantages from the criminal
and stupendously foolish blockade.
One wonders tf there is perhaps
another article from Mr. Wells,
dealing with the remarkable way
in which the Soviet government is
handling the fundamentally Important matter of education and
child life, and its strenuous efforts
to organize for the rising generation; an action which distinguishes
It in profound wisdom ond forethought, from all other governments.
Mnrx Laid Foundation
In regard to Mr, Wells' criticism
of Marx's sacred book and of Marxism; lt would be reasonable to criticize a scientific work on evolution for not laying down rules for
future evolution. Marx established,
by a profound study and scientific
treatise, the laws whieh govern
economics and industry under" a
capitalist system, thereby laying a
sure foundation for the further Intelligent evolution of society. It
would have been, not only futile,
but mischievous, if he ihad attempted to lay down a Utopian system by which to restrict or mislead future development. So also
as to the general attitude and responsibility of the whole international Socialist movement towards
tho future. Is his criticism a just
ono? That it treats of things
righting themselves and In muddling through? Can It at presont
do anything else; Is anything else
possible? It ls obvious that Bolshevism could not organize society
and the higher life, before Bolshevism existed? That lt could aclu-
ally do nothing In that respect beforo It camo into power, and that
Its first duty was to fight desperately for its very life agninst almost overwhelming odds, anarchy
and Ignorance within, bitter and
malignant hostility and treachery
all round; governments, still at
war with Russia, continuing their
embarrassment at Potrograd, and
using them as centres of Intrigue,
Intimidation and deception, nnd so
on. But In othe^ countries, the
Socialist movement is doing Its best
by education to enlighten the workers, and all men of open mind
and good will, as to the natrue of
the present system, the economic
laws that govern it, the vory collective and co-operative charactor
of world industry, developed under
capitalism, and the Inevitable extension of this character to the
whole ownership and control of industry and the machinery of society, of production, distribution,
and organization of evsiything on
which society depends When tho
transition stage oet un without
deadly strifo and rewlting Anarchy, it will be fairly timple for the
Inevitable temporary dictatorship
of the proletariat—a more representative government, by the way,
than any that has yet existed—to
oarry on the wheels of industry and
the machinery necessary to the sustaining of life, even of education
and tho higher life. But so much
depends on conditions that none
can foresee, WUl tho proprietary
and dominant classes, the beneficiaries of extatlng society, entrenched In their privileged position of
ownership and control, by law and
governmental institutions and
forces, by a powerful press that
dominates men's minds, and by all
ibe other influences of literature,
education, religion, etp.,' which mold
men's thoughts; will they allow this
civilization, already bankrupt flnan
cially and morally, and carrying
on only by Its own momentum and
habit, quietly to reform and readjust itself to the industrial character and forces it has developed, bo
nf. to harmonize those forces with
the lifo of the whole socicty7 Will
'ibcy release their strangle grip on
the life and thoughts of the world
■Without forcing on a deadly struggle that will, like a cataclysm of
nature, destroy the present order
in* a convulsive agony7 There are
indications that point in different
Wiiys. Sometimes it would appear
ttfat the Inter-play of the oconomic
forces in the industries will of itself lead the workers into an un
derstandlng and orgalnzatlon that
will enable them to carry on the
World's production and exchange
ln spite of the possible sabotaging
ahd opposition of the financial powers, trying to force a deadlock. At
other times the most striking feature of the situation is the evidence
of a growing determination of
those powers and their governmental agents to curtail the constitutional liberties of progressive
thought and the elementary rights
of labor, and arbitrarily force them
back into a state of helpless subjection. One consideration is of
Importance to the subject class—
to avoid any conduct or action that
will encourage their rulers, In the
blindness and desperation that
their situation ls forcing them Into,
to use the ruthless forces of repression. In attacking them In scattered and unorganized units and
defeating the steady, united action
of their whole strength in peaceful
organization.
Wells* Failure
There are many indications ln
these days that, ln alt countries,
thore Is a growing understanding
of and sympathy with the Inevitable social revolution, outside the
ranks of the Industrial proletariat.
No one but a madman, but must
desire this understanding to spread,
both for Its effects on the final outcome and on the manner and
speediness in which It will be
brought about. While an understanding of the "stupidly simple
class war," and the special power
of exploitation vested In the hands
of the dominant class Is essential,
tho fact remains that the class
that actually benefits by the existing'system is a very small one, and
they only In a blind, haphazard and
entirely material way, to the detriment of their higher development.
Existence for the rest of soolety ls
Without doubt beginning to affect
the minds of many, even of educated classes. The wonder la that the
mind nf a man like Mr, Wells, of
such versntllo powers and attainments, should bo uo buiren in regard to ecU'iico. This previous ea
ttmale of Mr. Wells is confirmed
iby his own admission in this aril
>Blo, "of my frightful ignorance <>r
touch matters.-' It is renlly tragic
Ulnt a writer, during a long poriod
ttit- years, with a wide and appre-
jclatlve publlo, in writings of much
educational value, mould bo hav..
(missed iiie essential vuluo of modern thought, .hat collective and i.
ilumlnativa vision of .'*s and nn-
two, and man's placo therein, that
Jai-acquired only by an intelligent
fumillarlty with lnu achievement*
And alms of scionee, In the losaons
.ofi evolution.
jlUtopian schemes of many richly
Unendowed, sympathetic and Ideal-
feting minds have broken themselves on the hard facts of economic and natural law, becauae,
though conceived with marvellous
insight, they lacked the guidance
of scientific knowledge and understanding. Marx and Engels had
that knowledge and understanding,
and so conformed to material law
and evolutionary science; and it Is
necessary now, and will remain so
for the realization of the Impending social changes, and for the
sane evolution of man through all
time,
That, given reasonable opportunities, the Intelligence of the revolutionary movement, with the edit*
cation In oconomic and social evolution that Inspires and guides It,
will fall to sustain and to carry on,
not   only   the   necessarw   work   of
LETTERS TO
Enforce the Laws
Bdltor B. C. FederationiBt:
I think at this particular and peculiar time, when everything1 Is In
chaos, when unrest is prevalent
everywhere the world over, the
laws of the land should ba more
strictly enforced than they are. I
think the most thoughtless thinker
will agree with me, that all thla
unrest Is due to unemployment;
men not being able to find work,
and so obtain the wherewithal! to
purchase life's necessities becomes
unmanageable, and as a result,
chaos Is the order of the day. The
remedy: there Is a law on the statute hooks whloh call for men not
working, being arrested arid Jailed,
where they would get shelter and
food, and their wives and children
would be taken oare of by publie
bodies,
Now, my remedy is to Insist on
the makors of those laws putting
the law into effect. Hae not the
loggers Insisted on the laws being
compiled with and thus obtained
for themselves better camp conditions than ever existed before?
Now, the loggers are few In number as compared with the vast
number of unemployed ln B. C. at
the present time. If all these unemployed would so work together
that they compelled the law-maker
to keep the law they make. Concentrated action and solidarity on
the part of the workers la the only
thing needful to revive and make
this province a place where hungry men and starving women and
children ls unknown.   Yours,
A WORKER.
Have You Ever
Figured Out
Jnst how much money you eta save on your shoe bills fcjf
having your old shoes repaired and made to look almost
like new.  Think it over.
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED
ALL O. B. U. HELP
The New Method Shoe Making
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837 CARRALL STREET (Jnst Off Hastingi Street)
PHONE M 954
Skates Sharpened and Attached
Son's  Beport  of  Sunday  Forum
Incorrect
Bdltor Federationist:
Last Sunday afternoon at S
o'clock the Open Forum ln the F.
L. P. Hall, 148 Cordova street, was
continued after a holiday during
the campaign and the writer spoke
on the subject, 'Is the Ballot Worth
While?" and took his usual uncompromising position.
, About 11 that evening a Sun reporter rang me up to Inquire about
the meeting, desiring some information on the subject for the Monday morning Issue.
I assured him this was unusual
and would be considered too strong
for the Sun unless aome corrective
were Injected. However, I gave
the scribe a few points over the
phone and anxiously waited re
suits.
The next morning I discovered
that my auspicious were realized.
The corrective had been applied,
according to the morning luminary. I had aald that the "Lion of
Capital and the Lamb of Labor1
should forget their differences, be
friends and solve the unemployed
problem.
I take this opportunity to assure
my comrades that I was never
more uncompromising than at the
Open Forum last Sunday. We are
at a crisis which means life or
death to millions. Capitalism must
go, production for use must begin
or we must perish.
The editorial agents of plutocracy here, as elsewhere, may adopt
three attitudes towards Socialism.
The conspiracy of silence .misrepresentation and active animosity.
It may be that the activity
shown by the F. L. P. In the late
election has Induced thia aecond
stage, or perhaps this report In the
Sun was incidental. It must, however, be humiliating, providing the
"kept press" has any sense of decency to be compelled now to repudiate the great majority of their
statements regarding Lenin and the
Soviet, and to prove that their
statements regarding this .subject,
have been mainly deliberate and
malicious falsehoods. Think, for
Instance, of the numerous flights,
the selling out processes to the
Hun, the repeated assassinations
of Lenin and Trotsky and the numerous times when Bolshevism was
['"being crushed by Wrangle and the
previous agents of Imperialistic
Capitalism.
The presa of Monday told us, for
lnatance, that 10,000 Red troopa
had entered Armenia; that Turkey and Armenia were at peace
under the protection of Soviet Rub-
ala and the red flag waa waving
over IU capltols. Probably the
most important and the most glorious facts of modern history, yet
tucked away by the Sun In a corner hardly visible. We were alao
told that France, Britain and even
Uncle Sam Svere In an undignified
scramble to trade with Rusaia, and
that Lenin had issued an emphatic
protest'agalnat the proposed Allied
Intervention ln Greece, Perhaps
we may find somo morning that ho
has Issued a demand thut the Self
Determinations be applied to Ireland, and that British atrocities in
the Emerald Isle cease.
I understand that our mayor is
issuing a por mlt for the unertiploy-
cd to collect garbage from the
hotels In ordor to estahllsli soup
kitchens. This should cntitto him
to labor's support In the coming
contest.
One assertion I mado last Sundny waa, "that If 100,000 workless
workers would Intelligently organize they could either upset the
Liberal  government  or compel   It
to deal with this problem In a humane and constructive manner,"
instead of taking that attitude,
whloh means pauperism, misery
and crime.
There are hundreds ef men today suffering ln mind and body,
who, a few years ago heard their
master's voice, and went overseas
to fight, for Democraoy. Some of
these are now wondering If a nation which manufactures profiteers, fattens Its drones and starves
its' workers, Is worth saving or
fighting for.
In conclusion, I,will repeat the
laat paragraph of my campaign
letter, which was sent to every
voter In the Dewdney constituency.
Thla will prove that I was not after
votes, but hewed to the line. I
may say that ln three Industrial
centres I headed the polls and beat
one or the other ln several more
polling districts..
The following are the paragraphs referred to:
A Final Word.
Remember, only foolish or knavish candidates try to buy votes by
making big promises, I only
promise that I will continue to
voice these principles of production for use and the world for the
workers, and to support all legislation along that line,
Remember, the political representatives of Labor, when elected,
have today enormous opportunities
for making publlo these economic
truths, which will alone make us
free. And also that the party I
represent wtll aee that their members ln the House do so.
Remember, the corporations
says "We must close our mines and
mills and factories becauae we can
not flnd markets or make a proflt."
We Bay: "No; human Ufe and happiness are more than dividends.
Let us open up and operate the
machinery of production to supply
the needs of the community at cost,
let dividends to corporations go."
The capitalist system has performed Its historic mission. It has
harnessed the great forces of nature and developed the machine,
which ls a hundred times more
productive than the tools with
which our ancestors fed, clothed
and sheltered themselves. This
machinery must now be socialized.
The death pangs of the present
epoch are alao, the birth pangs of
the new social order. Whether
this continent and this Province
must go through the same Insane
and horrible disasters aa havo engulfed the nations of Europe, or
whethor   we   can   paaa   peacefully
Into n brighter dar <* social ex*
lstence, depends on the Intelligence and unity of the common
people.
W. J. CURRT.
Vancouver, B. C, Nov. II.
Atlin Returns
Tho latest eleetion returns from
Atlin ate aa follows: Kergin, liberal SIC; Casey, Socialist, 1ST;
Ross, Conservative, IIS. Thero If
a very Urge absentee vote whloh
might make tt possible for Casey
to obtain tho lead.
Arthur Blondott Wanted
The secretary (R. Barrow) ot
tho Nelson O. B. U., wishes to got
No. C. B. Ill, ln order to pay him
the money coming to him ftom
Oold HU1.
Hand the Fed. to yonr shopmato
when you are through with It
WINTER CLASSES
DAT AND EVENING
A Large, Efficient, and Expert
Staff gives Instruction ln tho
following branches:
Practical Assaying, Prospecting and Surveying.
Anyone Interested In mining will
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ground.
TKIS IS A PRACTICAL COUMB
Fer particulars, write or phoae te
the Principal, P. I. SAX*.
B. C School of
Pharmacy ft Science
•IB Pender Stnet Wot
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OLELAND - DIBBLB   ENCJBAV-
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UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024 MAIN STBEET
Ptioni Sey. 2137
We always carry In stock a good
selection of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furnituro, alio
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, rugs, etc. We can save yoa
monoy as we are oat uf the high rent
district.
production and distribution, out
alao all that promotes the highest
collective lite of society, and will
quickly raise all the methods and
sturdurds of life to a highor level,
no student of these qucHtlona can
well doubt. It ls a mattor largely
of using the best brains and experience already at work in each
department of affairs, with all obstacles of class privilege and interest, to co-ordinating Into a harmonious whole, removed. But, on
the othor hand, ono has to admit
that, aftor over a century of the
most grinding Industry, demoralising - commercialism and oruel
exploitation, human nature, In all
classes, offer* materials for an appalling conflagration, wherever
passion shall supplant reason, as Is
abundantly evidenced wherever the
course of war and anarchy has led
tn Europe of recent years.
Those who know somothing of
the position held by Mr. Wella ns
a writor, in the regard of tlie most
Intelligent and thoughtful oleincnts
of bourgeois society, will bo inclined to expect much good to ruBUlt
from his utterances on the Uuaslan
situation, and all the more because
of thetr moderation and apparent
lack of partisanship.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Fill for Women, $8
• box. Sold at sll Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Ths
Scobell Drug Oo., St Catherinss, Ontario.
PHOSPHONOLforMEN
Restores Vim »*nd Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. $1 a box, or two for
$6. at drug stores, or hy mall on receipt
of pries. Tha Bcohsll Drag Oa., St. Catharines, Ontario.
KIRK'S
Guaranteed Coal
Means—
If our coal is not satis-
factory to yon, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge yon
nothing for what you have
used.'
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and 461
OOWAN & BROOKHOUSS
PBINTEBS, PUBLISHEBS, STEBEO-
TTTEBS AHO lOOSBDIOBBS .
Union officials, writ, for prioea,   W.
fife SATISFACTION.
Os ul >fter Ju. I, 1920, w. em ta
looted it lilt HOWE SI.
Tet Twenty Yeara Wl bare leaned tbls Union Stamp for ttl. under our
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
SVMJ
WORKERS UNION,
oub stamp insures:
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
PorMdi Both Strikes and Lockout!
Disputta Bottled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanahip
Prompt Deliveries ta Dealers and Public
Peace and Success to Workora and Employer!
Proiperlty of Shot Making Oommunltloa
Aa loyal unloa maa and womon, wt ull
you to demand shoos bearing   tha   ehore
Union Stamp on Sola, Xnsola n Lining.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
!H0 SI MMKlt STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
OoUla ____  ____ Tralldeat.    Charlaa L. Baina, Oeneral Sec.-Treas.
UNKWraAMPl
.Fa PAGE EIGHT
■--tunn tear. no. bi     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
rnrtJAT .December H, Ml
CLAMAN'S STORE NEWS
Boys' Dept.—Second Floor
Canada's Greatest Legitimate
SALE
Offers WorthwhileChristmas Values
Smoking Jackets Sharply Reduced
■What better gift could you think of for a smoker than one of
these handsome Smoking Jackets? The famous productions of
Wclsh-Margetson, of England. Just surprise him with one of
these jackets—he'll cherish your gift for years.
Regular $45.00.   Sale Prico  $29.50
Regular $28.50.   Sale Price   $21.50
Rogular $26.50.   Sale Price   $18.50
Regular $24.50.   Sale Priee   $17.50
Regular $19.00.   Sale Price :  $13.50
Gentlemen's Gloves Reduced
Beautiful Gloves of softest capeskin and mocha leathers.
Seams and gussets strongly outsewn. Refined and gentlemanly—pleasing Christmas gifts.  All sizes.
Regular $3.00.   Sale Price $1.75
Regular $4.00, silk lined.   Sale Price $2.85
Brown Mocha Gloves, regular $4.00.   Sale Price $2.85
Men's and Young Men's Suits
Reduced to $29.50
Less than pre-war price for a suit of
this superlative quality I Beautiful
suits of superfine pure wool. Exclusively cut, thoroughly tailored.
In newest attractive weaves and patterns, single and double-breasted
models, refined in style. The land of
suit a man looks his best in. Reg.
$45 suits.
Sale Price.	
$29.50
Men's Hemstitched Handkerchiefs Reduced to
$2.75 a Box of 12
He can always do with handkerchiefs. And a box of 12
beautifully hemstitched handkerchiefs made in Ireland
would be a thoughtful and
pleasing gift. Here are regular'
$4 a box handker- (
chiefs. Sale Price..'
$2.75
Silk Mufflers Reduced to $2.85
Finely Knitted Silk Mufflers in the
newest attractive colors and color
combinations. With tassclled fringes.
Light, soft and warm. They add a
pleasing touch of brightness to winter attire, besides being a most acceptable Christmas gift. ■ Regular $4
Silk Mufflers.
Sale Price	
$2.85
Silk Ties Reduced
to 95c
Thousands of them! Beautiful Silk Scarves with
flowing ends. In attractive, color combinations.
Make him a Christmas
gift of two or three. Reg.
$2 ties
Sale Price .
the home of
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Claman's
LIMITED
95c
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys   Sale Price
50 Dozen Shirts Reduced
to $2.45
Real Christmas bargains.
Beautifully finished shirts. In
newest patterns and most pleasing colors. Prc-slmmk neck,
neat, correctly-hanging cuffs,
generous, roomy cut, with well-
set shoulders.    Genuine $3.50
.....$2.45
AT COLONIAL   SET BIG TM
H. 3. mi, M. D., Says IS Per
Cent, of Sickness Is Duo to
Spinal Causes.
Dr.W.Lee Holder
SANIPRACTIC   PHYSICIAN
SPINAL SPECIALIST
Houra, 1-5; Mon., Wed., Fit,
6-8.
Oorner Granville and Pender
Fairfield Building
Sey. 8533 Bay. 4023R.
British Veterans to
Stamp Out Militarism
(Continued from page 1)
"8. To stamp out militarism and
abolish war.
"4. To help in the destruction
of capitalism."
Secretary Mander, in explaining
the second point, states that the
employing and exploiting class la
seeking to divide the workers by
driving Into their' movement special
organizations   of   ex-service   men,
and thus to set up the ex-service
men against organized labor and
organized labor agninst the ex-service men. The N. U. X. "recognizes that although its members
are ex-service., men, yet tliey are
workers, tbo, first, laat and all the
time. And bo the mombers of N.
U. X. are sworn to loyalty to their
own class; tho N. U. X. stunds solidly with Labor."
As for the "destruction of capitalism," Secretary Mander aays
that the ex-service men have come
back with a new vision of what the
world might be, and a new understanding of the existing, so-called
"civilization." The National Union
of ex-Scrviee Men Is working,
therefore, In close alliance with all
other bodies which have a simitar
aim, for the setting up of the Social Commonwealth, for the making of thc new world.
When there waa a threat of war
with Russin, In the summer of 1920,
the N. U. X. co-operated with the
committee against war, and the
Council of Action in arranging more
than 9000 meetings of protest. It
ts affiliated with the ex:Soldiers International, and in company with
the ex-service men in all of the
leading countries of Europe, is
carrying on an aggressive enmpaign
against war and in favor of a new
social order.
Buy at a union More.
Patronize  Fed Advertizer's.
XMAS   GIFTS   ON   EASY   TERMS
The Store of Practical Christmas
Gifts offers you convenient
All ston li filled wltb Innumerable luigeitioni tbat art alwaya
acctpUbl* ud my te oetale.   Hire ere a few of them:—
FOIl    WIFE,    MOTHER
OR SISTER
Ton em ehooee a Tery nueful
gift from onr large itock of
Ptart Ooats, Suit*, Frocki, 811k
■klrti, tax MeckpliMi, Mnffi,
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FOR THE LITTLE
FELLOW
Ho woald appreciate ■ nice
Hew Salt oz
Overcoat
FOR HUSBAND,
FATHER OR BROTHER
A Tery  acceptable gift would
1)0 Sr—
Smart   Now    Suit,   Orercoit,
Drue Pints, otc., etc.
FOR THE LITTLE GIRL
Bhe would'bo delighted with a
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Ooiy Ooit or Drill
$2.50
SPECIAL TERMS .
FOR XMAS
DOWN    $1 QQ WEEKLY
143 HASTINGS ST. WEST
Sey. 1861
THE OREDIT STORE OPPOSITE PROVINCE
Must Discipline Workers, I
Says Communist I
(Continued from page 1)
tween the British Communist Parly
and the other groups?"
McManus answered: "The Communists will form the left. They
will enroll the younger and the
more revolutionary elements. Then
there will come the Independent
Labor Party. These two parties
will probably include the bulk of
the radical elements,-"
Discipline, In the British Communist Party will be severe, McManus says. The members will
have to accept the ruling of the
group. f,
"Will that go well with the traditional British individualism?" I
asked him.
"There is the question that we
are now working out," he replied.
"If the workers are not yet ready
to submit to discipline, it menns
that they are not ready for the revolution."
SIGNIFICANT VICTORY
IN EAST ELGIN
Old Conservative Stronghold Captured by Farmer-Labor Politicnl Fortes
(By the Federated Press)
Toronto. Ont.—Canada's Farmer-
Labor forces won their most significant political victory when Sidney S. McDermid, candidate for
the United Farmers of Ontario,
was elected to the House of Commons in the East Elgin by-ciectlon,
following one of the most strenuous
political campaigns in the Dominion's history.
Spokesmen for the political
forces of the Farm, Labor and
Soldier forces hail this victory In
a constituency that had supported
the Conservative candidate for 30
years, as the death knell of reaction.
Calgary, Alta. — Co-operative
marketing of Canada's wheat crop
is planned by organized farmers of
the four most important wheat-j
growing provinces, and 8,600,000
acres, half of that In Canada, wtll
be brought under the scheme, j
Tom   Richardson   Dealt
With International Aspects Last Week
Tom Richardson, speaking at the
Federated Labor Party meeting in
the Colonial Theatre, Granville
Street,, last Sunday evening, had a
large Held to cover when he began
to address the meeting, on "The
World Situation," but the manner
in which he handled.the subject
proved that he was well supplied
with piubh interesting information
on the matter. , -"
He believed It his duty In the
flrst place to express his appreciation for the votes cast for him
and hla colleagues at the recent
provincial election, not forgetting
the active workers and particularly
the young people. He felt much
encouraged at the number of young
folks who came to assist 00 enthusiastically.   ■■
"One distressing thing la the tremendous Indifference regarding the
International situation," declared
the speakor. To have the right
perspective we must be able to
take the stand that no man lived
to himself alone and that we are
our brothers' keepers. He referred
to the war terminated two years
ago, and the fact that papera and
pulpit would not let us forget that
the war was fought for democracy
and that the country would be
made flt for heroes when they returned. The much-vaunted "aelf-
determlnatlon for small nationalities" also same tn for some caustic
comment. As a Socialist, he declared that the war was the Inevitable product of capitalist society, and that lf capitalism continued to exist then the reeent war
was not the last. In London there
Is more than half a million lacking the bare .necessities of life, and
it is tho same the world over. He
gave figures to show that thirty
millions lacked these bare necessities. "If wo are to have peace,
militarism must receive Its death
blow," declared Mr. Richardson;
"it is the inherent oppressor of our
class, and the people of Canada
should awaken to the fact that
militarism is more rampant in Canada." He mentioned the huge'
debts of Britain, France and other
countries. The people who were
expected to pay and suffer for It
were tho workers, and he demanded to know if they would stand for
it?
The speaker dwelt at length on
the situation in Ireland and the
policy of the British Government
In that country, which had resulted
in murder, looting and real atrocities of the worst kind from one
end of the country to the. other
Free speech was alleged to be one
of the few advantages of living in
Canada, yet when Lindsay Crawford, editor of the Statesman, Ib
announced as coming to Vancouver, the G. W. V. A. gives out veiled
threats as to the treatment he may
expect.
Comrado Richardson quoted the
records of the U. S. Congress to
show that President Wilson had
said the big interests of the U. S.
were the masters. We muBt remember that capitalism dominates
the government.   What   was   the
Auckland, N. Z.—Butchers here
have decided to close their shops
on Saturday afternoons, thus making the closing hour the same as
that of the grocery; dry goods, and
other retail stores.
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Nnnnimo Women's Labor League
The league held a very successful meeting on Tuesday with Mrs.
Waidley In the chair. Between
30 and 40 were present and Mrs.
T. A. Barnard gave an interesting
talk on organization, Impressing
upon those present that they, as
workers, must cq-operate with the
men to work for their own emancipation. The speaker pointed out
that women's organizations auch
as the I. O. D. E., Women's Councils and the W. C. T. U. were of
no use to the working women inasmuch as they do not deal seriously with the vital Issues affecting the worker's. The working women must of necessity take up these
questions themselves, must get
plenty of good labor literature to
read and to distribute among others
of their class. With this end in
view the organization decided to
send to the Independent Labor
Party of Gr'eat Britain for books,
leaflets, eto
Dick's Advice to Men
—Buy while the Buying is Good
When the clothing market started to break Dick went
in and bought an enormous stock at about half former
values. Today he offers this entire stock at a fraction of
the prices prevailing six months ago.
Buy now—there is a likelihood of Spring
demands on Eastern manufacturers leading '
to a stiffening of present prioes.
Dick's prices arc down to Bed Rock—There's no stoek
in the West which can touch his for real value—There
won't be any chance of doing better.
Suits and Overcoats
from $15 to $49.75
Look at This Extra Special
A $50 Suit for $25
A big line of All Wool Suits—in Worsteds, Cheviots,
etc. Your choice of models—every suit woll made—
thc latest style—Fabrics that will stand wear-
Made so they will stand up, give long
service.. Pick any Suit out of this lot-
Six months ago we would have to pay far more
than that at wholesale.
$25.00
Not a Suit in the store
over $49.75
Not an Overcoat in the
store over $49.75
Come and sec these lines—Suits in Serge, Worsteds,
Cheviots, Tweeds, ete. Overcoats in Tweeds, Friezes,
Meltons, etc.  All styleai  Thousands to choose from.
Sacrifice Prices—$15.00 to $49.75
Rubberized Tweed Coats
Good reliable Winter coats—every man needs one—
a big line—many patterns and mixtures. Regular
to $35.   Sacrifice *Oi *JC
Price :....*y*rt*tv
1500 dozen Arrow Collars—the make everybody knows.
All Bizes—all styles.  Dick's priee,
each	
20c
On Every Sale—"Your Money's Worth or Tour
Money Baok"
Wm. Dick, Ltd.
454749 Hastings St. East
Eliminate  Private  Contractor in Building
Trade
London, Eng.—Within the last
few weeks a building contract has
been signed -between the Wai
thamstow Urban District Council
and the Guild of Builders (London) for the erection of 400 houses
at a cost of £400,000. , A similar
contract has been arranged and is
now on the point of being signed
between the new guild and the
Greenwich District Council. The
Building Trades Parliament will
discuss a practical scheme for the
formation of a National Guild for
the Building Industry.
With the limelight of public attention focused on the coal situation and the menacing problem of
Ireland, these Items of current
news have passed with but brief
comment. Tet in these events
people may be witnessing the silent birth of a new industrial order.
Taken singly they are significant—
together they are charged with a
potential power for good or ill that
may become worldwide in its ultimate results.
The Immediate facta may be
stated briefly. Faced with, the
possibility of a period of unemployment at a time when the
public are clamoring for houses,
the London section of the National
Federation of Building Trade Operatives, a Federation of 12 trade
unions with some 60,000 members,
formed themselves into a building
guild. A committee of elected
representatives from the various
trades was given power to add to
their number from trades and professions not already included, and
thus the guild executive Is built up
until all the essential functions of
the industry are represented. This
committee approached various
bodies, and made arrangements
with the Co-operative Wholesale
Society for the supply of material,
the Co-operative Insurance Society
for the guarantee of contracts, until they were In a position to
quote for building.
The present contracts are for
building the houses at the net
prime cost of material and labor
at current rates plus 6 per cent.,
and an additional £40 per house.
The latter sum is earmarked to
enable the guild to maintain alt its
working members in full time employment, in busy or slack periods.
Payments for building are to be
made weekly from the beginning
of the work, and tho guild ls raising a loan repayable without interest to meet the preliminary expenses of plant and other things.
Further, it is one of tlio unalterable
rules of the guild that surplus earnings caunot bo distributed as dividends, but must be allocated to the
Improvement of the service.
It will at onco be realized that
the new guild haa set itself a big
task. In effect it proposes, by practical experiment under contract
conditions, to reorganize a section
of un industry as a public service
controlled by those who work in
it, Instead of by those who find the
money. In addition It proposes to
abolish within Us own ranks both
private profit and unemployment.
If it succeeds it will be an object
lesson almost Irresistible ln its appeal to the workers in other industries.—Christian Science Monitor,
EUROPEANS ARE
Everyone Will Soon Be
Fighting  Wildly for
Food and Clothing
J. H. Rotlnger, spectator of world
events, and Intimate associate of
prime ministers, who is now in the
United States, says: "
"Only Vienna, Budapest and ofle
part of Poland are actually starving. The rest of Europe is waiting
for starvation to come. There Is
no hope, because there is no honesty among leaders, and no faith
left among the people. There Is
only decay and disintegration. In
England, tho decay is moral, on the
continent it is both moral and material.
"I asked the Polish foreign minister to describe the outlook. 'How
can I talk of tomorrow, when I
don't even know today?' ho ans-
wored. In Germany the population Is about 50 per cent, in favor
of Clam Zetkln, the communist,
and 40 pet' cent, in favor of tho
former kaiser, with neither side
courageous onough to strike. Italy
is actually ln thc midst of a revolution, with all thc leaders still
playing politics!
"You ask of France! What
once was France has vanished.
The poilu stills talks like a Frenchman, but he thinks In terrns of
humanity. He and the German
soldier camo near together In battle, and learned that they wero
alike. Today they both hate nationalism—tho thing that made
them fight each other.
"But there ls no programme In
Europe. Presently everyone will
be fighting everyone else—for
what? For his share of the little
there will be left. Don't you see
that this must happen? The people
no longer believe In God. They no
longer believe in their governments. Lost tn a wilderness, they
think only of how to survive.
"Twelve of my relatives died tn
remedy? He urged the workers to
Join the F. L. P. to enable them to
throw over the capitalist system.
Lots of people could be found to
applaud, but something more was
necessary, claimed the speaker,
and In order to occupy their rightful place the workers had to be
united.
On Sunday evening next, Mrs.
Rose Henderson will be the speaker
at the Colonial. Mr. Mclnnes will
occupy the chair. Meeting will
commence at 8 p.m. Song by Mr.
Egan. ,
The Largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store in th* Wert
Men's
Slippers
Men's Romeo Slippers, in blaek or Brown Kid, with turni
soles.   A really good quality,
for. ....
A fine assortment of Men's Felt Slippers, in plain colon
or plaid.  Values to $2.75, selling at,
per pair ,
$4.50
n plain colon
$1.95
Shoe Satisfaction at a Fair Price
Cornett Bros. & Clarke
LIMITED
83 HASTINGS STREET EAST
the war. Perhaps their mothers
weep over them; nobody else remembers them. Millions of
Frenchmen, millions of Germans,
imilllons of Italians, British and
Russians were decorated for valor
in battle. Everyone has a medal—
nobody's medal means anything.
It was a very democratic war!
Everyone detests It and nobody
wants to Recall It. Sisters and
sweethearts are not in mourning
for the dead young men of Europe. The war lasted too long;
death became epidemic and ..conferred no distinction. Other wars
brought glory tn their train. This
one has left only loathing in the
hearts of the people."
COMMUNIST FAETT WINS
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
Bourgeois Parties Are Defeated in
Many Cities in Reports from
Yugoslavia
Vienna.—Fresh victories by the
Communist party of Yugoslavia In
supplementary municipal elections
just held thore nre reported from
Belgrade. In Nish the Communist candidate for mayor reecived
400 votes more than the united
bourgeois parties, and thc Communists received a big majority in
Uskub, whero they had been defeated by the Radicals in the
August elections. Komonovo was
also captured by the Communists.
DANCING LESSONS
PRIVATE OR CLASS
W. E. Fenn's School
COTILLION HALL
Phones: Sey. 101—Sey. 3088-O
Social Dances Monday, Wedneiday and Saturday.
H. Walton
PEOFE3SIONA1 MASSEUB
Spocial lit   In    Electrical    Treatments,
Violet Ray and High Frequency fe>
Rheumatism,  Sciatica, Lumbago, Pa*
nlysK  Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ailments.
310-311 CARTER-COTTON BUM*.
Phono  Seymonr  2041
108 Haatings Street West.
Mass Meeting
COLUMBIA THEATRE, SUNDAY, DEO. 19, AT 8 P.M.
Subject, "Labor and the Beturned Soldier and Their
Relationship."
Speakers, J. S. WOODSWORTH, W. SIMPSON and othen.
Dress Up for Christmas
WE ARE SELLING
MEN'S HATS
—the   well-known   Vanity   bran'1,
one of the best made, at
$0-75
TWEED HATS
All our 16.00 Tweed
Hats, Including a
shipment just received this week,
selling
now at.
$4.25
8
] Regular
$19.00
Wc also Itavc many other leading
lines, all of which are selling at
greatly reduced prices. Yon wtll
find Uie lint you want here nt tho
price you can afford*
Sent on Satisfaction
Guaranteed Understanding.
VANCOUVEB
WINNIPEG ind
HAMILTON
O
Xb°
&
61 HASTINGS EAST
Largest Hattcm In the West
Can You
Judge Values?
If so look over our suit and overcoats and you'll surely realize that
our prices are right.
SUITS and OVERCOATS
$24.95, $29.75, $33.75, $44.65
CD. BRUCE
LIMIT
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets
LIMITED

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