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British Columbia Federationist Nov 24, 1922

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 BRITISH COLUMBIA
w
INDUSTRIAL ONITY:  STRENGTH-
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
=__
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORT
FOURTEENTH YEAR.  No. 42
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MOBjSBNG, NOVEMBER 24,1922
$2J0 PER YEAR
TRADES COUNCIL SENDS
CONGRATULATIONS TO
BRITISH UBOR PARTY
Candidature of Alderman Pettipiece ■'*%. • Re-election
Is Endorsed—Unemployed Situation 1$$eviewed
by Central Labor Body—Breafe^r of
t     Immigration Laws by Employei
Is Resented £
A WELL-ATTENDED meeting of
the Vancouver Tradee and
ILabor Council held on Tueiiday
•evening, expressed Its satisfaction
Iwlth the success of labor In the
fcBritlsh elections when the following cablegram, which was sent laBt
[week-end by Secretary Bengough
[to the secretary   of   the    British
abor party, was read   and   ei
[jdorsed.
"Organlted labor In the city
of Vancouver, the largest Industrial centre in British Columbia, rejoices In the progress made by labor's forcea In
the British Isles. May the
Labor party be successful ln
securing full power at the next
election ls the wish of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Conncil.
"(Signed) P. R. BENGOUGH,
•Secretary  Vancouver  Trades
and Labor Council."
Received with ApplauBe
Not  usually  demonstrative,   the
delegates to   the   council   showed
,their appreciation of the action of
\ the secretary by a round   of   ap*
• plause, which In volume and length
showed thetr sentiments, and just
how   the   achievements   ot   the
Labor Party had impressed them,
Municipal politics were brought
Into    discussion    when    Delegate
' Showier raised the question of the
attitude of Aldermen Crone, Scrlbblns and Woodside In connection
with   tho   central   heating   plunt
franchise;   he suggested  that the
executive  be empowered  to  tsi
dodgers setting out the stand taken
by these aldermen.   An amendment
. wns then offered which was more
positive and which was an instruction to the executive to   grant   a
sum of money to him for his campaign, while the council was called
upon to endorse his candidature,
Pettlplece Praised
During the discussion reference
Was made to Alderman Pettlplece's
opposition to the B. C. Electric
agreement, and Delegate Rankin
paid a tribute to the work of the
labor alderman during the past
pear. Delegate McMillan also
added his mede of praise, while
Alderman Scrlbblns was scored for
his political manoeuvring. The
motion to give tht executive the
power to Issue circulars, was adopt*
y ed, as waa the - amendment, endorsing the candidature of Aider-
man Pettipiece, with a grant for
campaign purposes, the 'amount to
be decided by the executive.
Delegate Smyllle of the 'Plumbers and Steamfltters, raised the
question of the central heating
plant. He referred to the stand
taken by Aldermen Crone, Wood-
side and Scrlbblns, who had voted
for the American company, and
paid a tribute to Alderman Pettlplece for his support of organized
labor, He stated that when Alderman Pettlplece, who was In the
centre, three aldermen having expressed themselves in -favor of the
WORKERS' PARTY
-EBUESGM1
Political Conference to Be
Held on December
8th
All Working Class Organizations Are Asked
to Be Represented
Seeking a united political front
On tho part of the workers, the
local branch of the Workers Party
of Canada, has Issued a call for a
conference of representatives of all
working class organizations In Vancouver. The call points out that a
.by-election may be held In Vancourer shortly, and that it Is even possible that a general provincial election may be held, and it Is because
Of these facts that the call Is Issued
at this time. The Call reads as follows:
November 16, 1922.
To  all  Labor   organisations  and
working class political parties
In the City of Vancouver,
Greetings: The proximity of a
fcy-eleetlon in the City of Vancourer, and possibly a genoral election
In the Province, must compel the
workers of this city to consider
some method of eliminating the
state of affairs which has prevailed
In the past; tho multiplicity of
candidates claiming to represent
the workers, and the confusion
which this state of affairs brings
about.
The result of the elections ln
Great Britain, which show enormous gains ln political representation of tho working class is a concrete example of the success of
presenting nn united political front,
combined with an organization fitted to cope with a well-organized
and determined capitalist class.
Beyond Debate
In some quarters an united front
of the working class on questions
Of vital industrial and political importance is treated with levity and
(Continued nn aire I)
'local firm, while thredy ,,'d expressed their approval. **/f the
American outflt, had demanded a
$10,000 deposit, and as the American company was not willing to
put up this amount, and the local
company was, it resulted In the
local company securing the franchise. He also expressed satisfaction with Alderman's Pettlplece's
action in securing this deposit, as
it would result in work being
started at once and work provided
for a number of workers in the
city.
. The using of children ln the public schools for the disposolng of
tickets and other means of raising*
money for purposes which were
not connected with the school, was
condemned. One Instance where a
child had been brought before
claas of which he was a member,
and admonished because he had
not sold popples, waB cited as
case In point, while permission to
sell or collect for the aid of Soviet
Rusaia had been denied. The
executive was instructed to again
write the school board protesting
against the practice.
Break Immigration Laws
Immigration laws can evidently
be broken, providing that the
breakers are the employers, and
an instance, of the lack of enforcement of the laws which are supposed to protect the workers, was
brought before the council by Secretary Bengough, when he stated
that he had received notice that
the Vuneouver Lumber Company
had two bricklayers working on a
chimney stack, and that another
two were coming, all four being
residents of the United States. He
stated that he had investigated the
matter and found that speciul permits had been received by the Immigration officials here from Ottawa, and that the provincial employment officials knew nothing of
the men applying for admission.
Information secured from J. H.
McVoty, Inspector of employment
bureaus In B. C, was to the effect
that no applications hud been received by the employment service
branch. The final results the secreUry announced, were to the
effect that the,two men working,
who were non-union men, would be
(Continued on page 4)
Mexican Workers Want
Political Prisoners
Freed
is
is
Austrian   Metal   Miners
Compromise with
Employers
(By Thc Federated Press)
Vienna—By a compromise solution, a strike throughout the
whole metal industry of Austria,
which would have affected 300,000
workers and their families, or one-
sixth of the whole population of
German Austria, has been averted.
Thc flght between employers and
workers arose over the question of
what wages were to be paid during
October. According to the principle now In vogue in most industries
In Austriu, by which wages are
adjusted according to the index
figures for the cost of living, the
workers were entitled to a 91 per
cent, raise. The bosses offered them
60 per cent.
Finally the trade union officials
compromised on 80 per cent. Their
members ratified the compromise,
chiefly out of consideration for the
fact that a strike in the metal industry would have thrown thou
sands in the chemical and the tex
tlio Industries as well as thousands
of bank clerks and other "white
collar slaves" out of employment
also.
Syndicalist Tendency Is
Dominant in General
Federation
By F, W. LEIGHTON
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Mexico City.—The Generel Federation of Workers met In second
annual congress in this city Nov.
4-12, and resolved to organize a
series of national 24-hour' strikes
In protest against the continued imprisonment of politicals throughout
the world, including Magon and Rivera, who are held in custody in
Leavenworth. The federation voted
to affiliate with the Berlin syndicalist international, instead of with
the Red Labor Union International
of Moscow,
Other matters coming up for dls-
custon were the project of the
formation of "one big union" to Include the industrial organisation
of the working class of Mexico, and
the formulation of an agrarian
policy.
Though the General Federation
of Workers was founded largely
through communist influenco and
has adhered fn the past to the Moscow International, lt has of late
come to have more of a syndicalist
and anarchist tendency. It is anti-
governmental, abstained from political action tn the recent congressional elections, and expelled
several members of the executive
.committee on charges of trying to
sell out the organization to the
politicians. Its chief strength lies
in the organized bakers, and the
electrical, telephone and street
railway workers. Organized work
era to the number of 60,000 were
represented at its first convention,
a year ago.
The federation makes a bid for
new members in the following conclusion to Its official call:
"Comrades, if you wish to demonstrate here and abroad that you
kIo not belong to the Ignorant legions commanded by audacious
traffickers in the aspirations of the
proletariat; lf you wish on the
other hand to contribute to the
drastic purification of this federation, increasing Its capacity for the
realization of its postulates of liberty, be represented atthls convention to which you are called in the
name of the love that inspires the
high principle of human solidarity
and the ideal which impels our
struggle for redemption."
lAfAMEt
Ifl
Provincial Executive of
Congress Seeks Law
Amendments
Barbers Organizer In City
Mr. Ilea Last, representative of
the Journeymen Barbers Interna
tional Union, Is now In Vancouver.
He paid a visit to The Federationist office on Thursday, and Intimated that he would be In the city in
the Interests of his organization for
at least two weeks. Mr. Last has
made a tour of the four western
provinces, and reports that the affairs of the organization are generally fair, and the local unions
more than holding their own. A
large turnout is expected at the
regular meeting of the barbers,
which will bo held on Tuesday
next.
Open Forum
Dr. Lyle Telford will bo the
speaker at the open Forum In the
W. P. Hall, 303 Pender Street
West, on Sunday afternoon. His
topic will be "The Psychology of
the Present Unrest." The meeting will commence at 3 p.. prompt.
WILL ENQUIRE INTO
WAR  MANUFACTURES
Whole Wor Industry to Be Investigated by Lnbor
Bodies
(By The Federated Press)
Amsterdam, Holland,—An Inquiry is about to be conducted by
the International Association of
Factory Workers' unions, affiliated
with the Amsterdam Trade Union
International, into the number and
scope of the chemical factories in
the different countries that are
engaged In the manufacture of munitions and of explosives.
ThlB decision was Inspired by the
action taken by the International
Metal Workers' Federation ln making a similar survey of the metal
Industry and In bringing the weight
of Its Influence to boar against the
further manufacture of guns and
other munitions for war purposes.
After having mode a survey of
the whole war Industry, tho International Foderation of Trade
UnionB hopes to adopt measures for
effectively controlling the munitions Industry through its various
component bodies, notably the
motal workera nnd the factory
workers In the chemical   Industrv.
ARE AISl
Banners  Do  Not  Meet
with Approval of
Washington
By Paul Hanna
(Federated   Press   Correspondent)
Washington.—Because their banners "offered affront to a foreign
diplomat." Mra, Muriel MacSwiney,
widow of the martyred Lord Mayor
of Cork, and eight other sympathizers with Irish Independence,
were arrested hero November 14
for picketing outside the British
embassy.
Mrs. MacSwiney was confined in
the house of detention, having refused to jyive ball, set at $500 for
all the prisoners. The others gave
ball and were roleased. They are
Mrs. Mary A. Nolan, 80 years old,
and Sarah M. Ruhlun, both members of the National Woman's
party; Bessie Qulnlan, Mrs. Claudia
Guray, Mrs. Minnie White Karney,
Louise Manning, Mrs. Mary O'Nell
Boarhouso and Nora Hennlgan,
The picketing protest, arranged
in behalf of Mary MacSwiney, now
close to death In a hunger strike In
Ireland, was featured by banners
which read: "England murdered
my husband, Terrenco MacSwiney;
will Americans permit an English
Free State to murder his sister
Mary MacSwiney?'* "Germany shot
Edith Cavoll. England tortures
Mary MacSwiney. Which would
you choose?" "The Free State is
England's smoke screen."
At tho police station Muriel MacSwiney said, "I don't mind being
arrested, I am used to It. My sister
will die very soon. Wo have got to
do something for our cause and I
will take jail as a last resort. My
only worry Is about Mary, my four-
vear-old daughter."
Local officers are fearful lest
Mrs. MacSwiney go on a hunger
.trlke here and so stage In Washington a duplicate of the tragic
protest being enacted on the other
dde of tho Atlantic by her sister-
in-law.
Opposed to Payment of
Tuition Fees in
Schools
Members of the provincial executive of the Trades and Labor CongresB of Canada made several representations to the municipal committee of the Provincial House on
Tuesday.
The members of the committee
were W. J. Bartlett and B. S.
Woodward, the latter from Victoria
and the flrst a member of the
executive of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council.
The committee Impressed on the
members of the municipal committee the desire of labor to have the
poll tax abolished, and the road
tax removed. It was also pointed
out that when Mr. Brewster was
elected aa premier of the province
he had promised that the poll tax,
which he admitted was unscientific,
would be removed. This promise
was not, however, redeemed by the
government and his successor in
the premiership.
Oppose Tuition Fees
Tuition fees in public schools and
universities were also opposed by
the labor representatives, and it
was also contended that no economies, should be practised at the
educational welfare of the children.
Strong opposition was voiced to
the removal of the exemptions for
the payment of income tax. The
following is the text of the memorandum presented to the municipal committee by the labor representatives:
"ThiB Executive Committee of
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada observes that representations
have been made to your committee
with a view to transfering the cost
of education from the'municipalities to the Provincial Government.
Upon this point we have no objections to offer.
"But the further suggestion was
made that the increased cost to the
province should be met by increased taxation, not on those most able
to pay, but on the very poorest of
His Majesty's subjects resident
within the province. This ia sought
to be accomplished by the removal
of the exemptions which now exist
in regard to income tax. With the
complete removal of all such exemptions the tax would be levied
upon the most wretchedly remunerated regardless of their family
necessities and responsibilities. This
proposal impresses us as being
hopelessly impracticable and utterly unjustifiable and will most assuredly Incur the just condemnation of all enlightened citizens;
Such a reactionary measure would
bring the province unfavorable no-.
toriety wherever the English
tongue was spoken and would
mark the acceptance in this province of an entirely new principle
of taxation.
Ability to Pay
"Since when has it been the policy of a British people to levy taxation not on 'ability to pay' but
upon the very reverse of that principle. Let lt be remembered that
the working population of this
province hus been passing through
a period of hard times due to
scarcity of employment and subnormal wages. A large percentage
of the workers are dependent on
seasonable occupations and nre
therefore unemployed during long
months of the year. If it could be
stated that these seasonal occupations were well remunerated there
might be some Justification for the
plea that the workers should make
somo direct contribution to the cost
of education and other necessary
(Continued on Page 4)
Workers Want Labor of
Casual Nature
f *     Covered
Raise in Rates of Compensation Is Also
Sought
On Monday last, representatives
of British Columbia organized labor
waited on Attorney-General Man-
son; with respect to amendments
sought io the Workmen's Compensation Act.
The; deputation consisted of R.
H. Neelands, M.L.A., and president
of tl?e;Vancouver Trades and Labor
Coupcil; P. R. Bengough, secretary
of the same body; B, 8. Woodward,
secretary of the Victoria Trades
and Labor Council, and W. J. Bartlett, . ,«ha'|rman Trades Congress
provincial -.executive committee and
vice-president of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council. The
amendments sought are outlined In
the following memorandum presented to the Attorney-General:
M j November 20, 1922.
Hon. A. M. Manson,
Minister of Labor,
Parliament Buildings,
.Victoria, B. C.
Dear Sir: The provincial execu
tive of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, the legislative
committee of the Vancouver Trades
and _Labor Council, and the legislative .committee of the Victoria
Tradcq and Labor Council, present
the following memorandum of pro*
posed,amendments to the Workmen'*'Compensation Act, for your
consideration:
(vl). The Act to apply to all accidents arising out of or in course
of employment, and to Include all
workers in all occupations.
(2). Rate of compensation to be
raised from 55 per cent, to 75 per
cent., with a minimum of 112.50
per, wpek, except where the average
eariilijgH are less than this amount,
In'-which case the full amount to
be pajd.
(3) The maximum earning basis
to be raised from $2000 to $3000.
(4), No waiting period when the
disability exceeds throe daya
(Ol Compensation payable twice
monthly.,
■H). Full rnte of compensation
until complete recovery or able to
return to previous occupation, or to
life light work ln accordance
wtth- the limitations of the partial
disability, or until the previous employer hns reinstated worker in
suitable position.
(l) Where Injured workman has
been'transported from place of accident to a doctor or hospital outside that vicinity, the cost of transportation shall be provided back to
original point, ln addition to any
compensation already drawn. The
necessary time spent in getting
back to the job to be allowed for
in compensation period.
(I) The allowance to dependents
to be not less thon that paid under
the Canada Pension Act. In case
of children, to be paid until the
age of 16, or should they remain at
school as pupils, to be paid till the
age: of 18. Those unable by reason
of Infirmity, to earn their own living, to receive compensation as
long as the infirmity continues.
(9) Provisions to be made that
where there Is no widow, and It
seems desirable to continue the existing household, un aunt, sister, or
other suitable person who acts as
foster mother in keeping up the
hqitaehold, and taking care of the
children, muy be paid the same allowance for herself and the children, as If she were tho widow of
thefdeceascd workmnn.
(flO) In the case of a single man
or jjne with lew than four dependents, the Board to assess the Industry the same amount as would
be the case, were there four dependents. The assessments to be
(Continued on page »
W. J. Downie Gives His
Views on School
Questions
F. L. P. Candidates Open
Campaign at Sunday
Meeting
Dr. Lyle Telford will ue the
speaker at Labor Party hall, 148
Cordova Street West, next
day at 8 o'clock, and has chosen
as his subject "The Psychology of
the Present Social Unrest." Dr.
Telford is no stranger on the platform of the Labor party, as he addressed several meetings' during
the Vancouver South Federal campaign, and is also a keen student
of the International Sooialist move
ment.
At the meeting on Sunday last,
Comrades Pettipiece and Downie
were the speakers, and the occasion marked the opening of the
Civic and School Board election
campaigns.
Comrade Pettlplece, who spoke
flrst, asked the audience to permit
him to make a few remarks on the
British election results, and determine if any lesson that would be
of value to us could be learned
from them.
Result of Plodding;
The speaker, speaking from his
knowledge of the Labor movement
In the old land, thought that the
Increased representation In the
Labor party to the House of Commons was an appreciation of the
plodding, persistent method of
organization and education carried
on for the past thirty years, and
that though some of the pioneers,
notably Keir Hardie, had passed
away, we had now tho knowledge
that their work was founded on the
fundamental needs of the working
people. One feature that was
pleasing to him was the elimination of the Liberals as an official
opposition, for ln his opinion,
Liberals and Conservatives both
stood for the continuance of capitalist exploitation; and the Liberals ought to be wiped out anyway.
Speaking on matters locally,
Comrade Pettlplece* remarked on
the number of things that could
be done municipally, lf the workers
had the power, but as Vancouver
operated under charter granted by
the Provincial government, the
power to do things of beneflt to
the citizens not provided for in
the charter, they had to go cap in
hand to Victoria, and ask permission to do so. As to unemployment, there is no money in the
city treasury, to provide either
work or maintenance for the
workless, and the only relief carried on, was to benefit the aged,
the destitute, and the Infirm, who
wero ratepayers, or had resided in
the city for some time. He called
for workers for his campaign.
Importance of Education
Comrade Downie, In outlining
his stand as candidato for school
trustee, said that he was always
keenly Interested In thc education
of children, for the basis of a
developed people is education; Ignorance' is the greatest menace to
progress, and the principles ofthe
(Continued on Page 4)
SAM GUTHRIE GALLS FOR
INVESTIGATION INTO THE
POLITICAL CRAFT ON PCX
Speaker Rules Notice of Motion Calling for Speck!
Committee of House to Investigate Charges
Made Against Minister of Mines and
the Liberal Party Out
of Order
VICTORIA, Nov. 23.—The political mummery at Victoria has
again been disclosed and the sham
battle between the Conservatives
and Liberals brought more forcibly
to the attention of tho public by
Sam Guthrie, Socialist member for
Newcastle. It will be remembered
that charges and counter charges
of graft tn connection with the
P. G. E. have been made by the
leaders of both poUtlcal parties,
but no real investigation of these
charges have ever been made. But
Guthrie on Tuesday gave the House
something to think ahout when he
introduced the following notice of
motion:
"Whereas the Mining and Engineering Record, a reputable
mining Journal published in
Vancouver, B. C, contains ln the
October 11122 Issue thereof tho
following statemont:—'The people of British Columbia definitely
committed themselves to the Pacific Great Eastern Railway on
an appeal to the electorate. Construction wos well advanced
when a change of government
brought it actively into the arena
of party politics. There had
been a political corruption fund
of $500,000 in connection with
Its promotion. The Liberal party,
under the leadership of the late
Hon, H. C. Brewster, pledged itself to an investigation of the
expenditure of that fund without
fear or favor, believing that
prominent members of the Conservative party previously In
power were responsible for it.
Mr. Brewster started out to keep
faith with the electorate by redeeming that pledge. He had
specially strong support In the
Investigation from Capt. G. S.
Hanes, member for North Vancouver.
" 'The death of Mr. Browster
ended his personal activity In
the mntter. His mantle as Premier fell on Hon. John Oliver.
That gentleman started to clean
things up; but when W. J. Bowser, the former Attorney-General,
threatened to give the names of
those who got the money, the
Hon. John called off his dogs.
The reason was evident. Hon,
W. Sloan, his Minister of Mines,
another prominent Liberal politician then a member   of   his
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Tokio—War on women workers-^
has been declared by the railroad
station master at Numazu. He says
that the women are dilatory and
care little for their places, as they
aro all young and generally marry
within a few months.
Washington—That there is too
much blood in our coal is shown
by the figures for lives lost ln tho
mining industry from 1907-1920, inclusive, For the 14 years the avorage of lives lost was 2486. While,
however, the figures show that In
1907 a life was lest for every 147,-
000 ton., of ccal produced, this wns
reduced to a life for every 294,OGO
tons.
Berlin—Art circles hero are interested in an exhibition of Husslan
art, the first to be given since the
war, under the auspices of the International Workers Aid. The work
sha'tvn, which Is rich in color and
variety,. Indicates clearly tho contact of art with reality since the
revolution. Twenty-flve per cent,
of the proceeds will go to the relief of Russian orphans.
London—The far-reaching trage*-
dy of tho world war Is emphasized
In the published census summary.
This shows a greater oxcess than
heretofore of women over men, and
a great shortage of men In the early twenties as compared with middle age, Out of an excess of 341,-
365 women over men In the County
of London, close on 16,000 are
widows,
Tokio—Because, according to the
police, it would be dangerous for a
Japanese audience to listen, Anto-
nov, representative of the Far Eastern republic in Japan, was not
permittod to speak to an audience
which had gathered to hear him.
The large Y. M. C. A. auditorium
was packed. Instead, a member of
tho house of representatives read a
manuscript prepared by Antonov.
The meeting was hold to call upon
Japan to establish close relations
with Russia,
Berlin—Workers in Industry In
Germany are on the Increase, according to official figures from thc
department of commerce. Last
year the number of concerns employing ten or moro men was 300,-
434; the number employed, 6,067,-
970. This year thero are 324,169
such concerns, and they employ
7,461,407. It is believed that this
Increase Is nt the expense of work
era In agriculture, who are flocking
to 'the cities.
Glace Bay, N. S.—The newly-
elected president, Dan Livingstone,
of District No. 26, U. M. W. A.,
said In a spocch hero recently: "District No. 26 will carry out the policy laid down at the Truro district
convention for affiliation with the
Red Labor Union International of
Russia, notwithstanding President
Lewis or tho International board of
toe U. M. W. Former International Bonrd Member Siiby Barrett is
sill) representing the district on the
International board at Indianapolis
as board member. While being allowed by tho international to represent District No. 26, Barrett is
not permitted by the district executive board to sit at Its meetings.
r
11
Quarter Million Workers
Are Idle and Men Are
Being Laid Off
Tokio.—In the face of constant
dismissals of large numbers of men
by big concerns, thc Japanese government continues to Issue statements that there is vory little unemployment in Tokio and ether
large citios of Japan. For months
the papors liavo carried Stories of
cutting of staffs by tho thousand
because of tho busineu depression.
Recently the Tokio Electric Company at Kawasaki dismissed 250
men, and announced a further cut
to take place soon. The Mitsubishi
shipyard has anounced forced holidays of ono week each month, due
to decreased amount of work. During these holidays all employees
will receive 60 per cent, normal
pay. During the war 18,000 men
wero employed at the ynrds, while
now there are only 12,000.
Bunjl Suzuki, tho Samuel Gompers of Japan, foresees an Industrial upheaval unless steps are
taken to remedy tho unemployment
situation ln the great Industrial
centres, and laughs nt tho government's attempts to adjust the problem. Ho claims there aro now a
(luartcr of u million unemployed
laborers In the large cities of Japan, and thut the number Is increasing.
Suzuki denounces the alleged Indifference of capltul toward unemployment and he declared lhat
some capitalists are dismissing
thcir men In merciless manner. A
common custom, he says, is to give
men work to do In which they are
inexperienced. They prove inefficient and arc dismissed while thc
employer avoids paying dismissal
allowances in lieu of notice.
Left    Wing    Has    185
Members in New
Diet
By W. KonlUBicwskl
(For the Federated Press)
Chicago.—Tho Socialist won 40
seats In the Polish national election
Nov. 6, seven more than they had
in the old diet.
The election fight was energetically fought by tho reactionaries,
and Roman Catholio clergy. The
combined reactionary groups secured 168 seats out of a total of
444.
The so-called centre which cannot be considered otherwise than
a camouflaged tory group, captured
eight scats.
The combined forces of the left
wing of Poland's new diet, musters
195 deputies, and one might add
Ave Ruthenfan deputies, Thc so-
called nationalistic minorities, I.e.,
Germans, a few Jewish parties, and
the like, are represented by 78
deputies.
The left wing ls composed of the
following groups: Peasants, 71
deputies; Progressive Pensants, 48;
Polish Socialist party, 40; National
Lnbor party, 17; two radical peasants' parties, 6; Communists, 2.
Thc progressive group of professional workers, called Polish
State union, captured one seat.
Tho diet will convene Nov. 28.
Tho Republic of Poland covers
150,000 aipinre miles of area, and
has a population of 28.000,000.
Patronize   Fed  Advertisers.
0,000 ORPHANS IN
RUSSIA NEED AID
Cabinet, and three prominent
men In the Liberal party at Vancouver, had been connected with
the spoils.*
"And whereas the honour of
an Honourable.Minister of ia*
Crown,: the Hon. Wm. Stoat, **
questioned,
. "Therefore be It resolved that
a special committee of this
House, consisting of Messrs.
Whiteside, Perry, Jackson, Anderson, Esllng, Hanes and
Guthrie, be appointed to investigate the allegation above referred to, with power to take evidence under oath, to call for
documents, papers, witnesses,
etc., and to report their findings
to this House."
Ruling of Speaker
In accordance with parliamentary procedure, Guthrie presented,
his notice of motion before the date
on which it was to be formally
made, and the Speaker ruled as
follows:
"On Friday afternoon a proposed notice of motion In the
name of the Honourable Member
for Newcastle was brought to my
attention. It was of such a character that I thought it to be my
duty to withhold it from he Notice Paper, in order that I might
consider carefully whether It was
drawn In compliance with proper
parliamentary practice, and was
such a motion as could properly
be put before the House. The
proposed motion recites in its
preamble a statement, alleged to
have beeu published by a paper
known as the Mining and Engineering Record, said to be published in Vancouver, B.C., In
which the names of several
Members of this House are mentioned and the honour of an Honourable Member questioned, and
concludes with a resolution that
a Select Committee of this
House be appointed to Investigate the allegation contained in
the preamble, with power to
take evidence under oath, call
for documents, papors, witnesses,
etc., and to report their findings
to the House.
"It is the accepted practice of
this House that the Speaker Is
responsible for the due enforcement of the rules, and privileges
of the House. In accordance
with this duty, I have carefully
examined this motion to see
whether it Is within the rules. A
careful perusal of the preamble
on which the motion Is . based
does not enablo me to discover
any charge of wrongdoing on the
part of any Member, nor of Imputation; It doeB convey an Insinuation.
"May's Parliamentary Practice
does not assist In forming a conclusion. Bourlnot, 4th edition,
page 61, says: 'Any scandalous
and libellous reflection on the
proceedings of the House is a
breach of the privileges of Parliament, but the Ubel must be
(Continued en page 4)  -
SAYS RUSSIANS
INI
Paxton Hibben Supports
Effort for Aiding
Starving
Vou mar wish to help The Federatlonist. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
sending In the subscription of your
friend or nclahhnr.
UkrniiK- Has Also Its Quota ol
Helpless Children
New York.—Thore are 000,000
orphans in Russia and 400,000 In
the Ukraine, according to an estimate made by lho Friends of Soviet Russia, Everywhere little
children are wandering about, living upon tho generosity of othors.
This is especially true in districts
which have Buffered from famine.
Those orphans and many other
children arc* doomed to death, unless help nrrived quickly, To relieve the situation as fully ns possible tho F. S. R. have adopted the
plan of asking individuals, gruupa
and unions to adopt children at
tho rato of $2 a month for each
child to ho provided for. Initial
payments arc, however, needed to
o(|u!p tho homos, which in muny
cases are former palaces, It is estimated that $2 will provido fond,
clothing and education for a child
Tor one month.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
['ho Federatlonist, and then call
around next dav for a subscrlntlon.
Supports New Economic
Policy of Soviet
Government
[By C. A. Mosoley]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Chicago—A harvest pageant in
threo scenes and an address by
Capt. Paxton Illbben were the features of a meeting at the Great
Northern theatro under the auspices of tho Amorican committee
for the relief of Russian children.
In the first pageant scene, Ceres
and her maidens pictured in poses,
songs nnd dance tho classical harvest. Tho American harvest was
shown in tho second, with boys and
Bills holding a country festival in u,
bam tilled with tho fruits of tho
season. The last sceno portrayed
tho grim reaper seeking his harvest In a starving Russian family.
Singing Is heard ln the distance.
Cores and her maidens appear,
bearing sheaves, followed by a
group of colored girls. Then come
childron In Slavic costumes, nnd
lastly the American youths, bringing fruits, vegetables and grain,
"I do not know much about Russia," said Clnrence Darrow, In introducing Capt. Hibben, "but I
ought to, having never been there
and hnving read all the books writ-
ton by peoplo who havo not been
thoro eilher. But I do favor giving
Russia a chanco to work out her
ideals. I read of poor Russian
princesses who are wailing on table,
and somehow 1 lack sympathy for
them. I don't see why they should
not wait upon tablo, having for so
long been waited upon by others."
Hibben traced Russian history
from lhe time of tho rovolution of
1905. That revolution, white abortive, showed tho people that any
concessions trom their rulers wero
(Continued on page 1) PAGE TWO
FouuTKK-m- teah.   no. ii BKITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver.
BRITISH IIBIA FEHDMBT
Published every Friday morning by Tho B. C.
Federationist.
Business Office:    1129 Howe Street
Editorial Offlce:   Room 300, 319 Ponder Street West
Editorial Board:    P. R. Bensough, R  II. Neelands.
J. M. Clark, George Btirtley.
Subscription nates: United States and Foreign, $3.00
per year; Canada, $2.50 per year. $1.50 for six
month-.; to Unions subscribing in a body, lCc per
member per mon.li.
L'nity of Labor:   Thc Hope of the Wor'd
..November __4. 1921!
The Politicians and Working
Class Needs and Demands
'pilE WAYS OV politicians on beyond thc
A ken ot the average intelligent citizen.
Stoves are made whieh appear to have neither
sense nor reason behind them, but the
mind of the political henchman of the ruling
class moves in a mysterious way, its wonders
to perform. At this time we have particular
reference to thc actions of thc politicians at
'Victoria, where thc political jmntomime is attracting much attention.
* *      *
The P. 6. E. has been a source of political
make-believe, ever since it was first planned.
Charges of graft have been made from time to
time, but never substantiated, but thc average
citizen looks upon graft as a desirable thing.
In fact, the average man would not be adverse
to getting in on any side line which would
bring grist to thc mill. Such is thc moral code
which capitalism has established.
* *      *
But when working class legislation is being
considered by the old party politicians, that is
another matter. The employers' representatives arc at once seen in action. Bo it the eight-
Aour law or any other piece of legislation, or
demand which thc workers have made on the
government of the people for the people, but
which ignores the dear people aiid respects
profits with a respect like unto that which they
would have the workers give unto their masters, they arc treated with contempt.
* *      *
Demands have been made on thc government for working class legislation, and amendments to the ''Workmen's Compensation Act"
have been requested in a most respectful manner. In fact they have been requested
in the usual manner of the mendicant,
Now the government • of this Province
is a Liberal onc. Liberal in name, and to
those whose party it is; but it appears that
amendments to the Compensation Act are being opposed by the employers, and thc government evidently fearing to introduce such
amendments, has decided to pick an "independent" member of the House to pull its chestnuts out of the fire. This member, who. comes
from the north, named Menzies, is not a Liberal,
although he votes with the government, as a
rule, is slated to bring in an amending act.
Naturally his amendments can be viewed as
tho government's views as to how the act
should be amended, but we desire to say at this
time, that if the government will not deal with
this question and give the amendments sought
for, then the Labor members of thc House
have as much right to introduce amendments
as has thc independent member. Thc government may dodge thc issue, but *ho record of
the members of thc Provincial Legislature on
working class measures will be inscribed on the
pages of history so that all who desire to may
read. Thc moral is obvious, and it is, watch
how your capitalistic representatives vote, and
thereby learn, that only workers can represent
thc working class.
Walton Newbold, His Clothes
and His Brains
READERS of thc daily press, especially those
who are interested in the 15.itish political
situation, were no doubt surprised to read that
a member of the working class who has been
elected to the British House of Common:; had
turned up in Parliament dressed as a navvy.
Those who have any understanding of the position that this member held for many years,
would be more surprised than those whose
reading is superficial and their knowledge
thereby limited, especially in viow of the fact
that the member referred to, J. T. Walton, New-
bold, has been a school teacher iu the constituency which he now represents, for many
years.
*      *      *
Later press reports, however, indicated that
Newbold appeared in a soft cap, and possibly
this headgear, in a gathering whieh has been
distinguished by the top-hat brigade for many
years, caused some consternation, for thc
usual labor member in Ihe British Isles is
nothing, if he is not conventional, and even
Keir Hardie shocked this most august assembly bv his garb.
tt.tl.st.
At the time of writing, wc have beforc us,
a working-class publication published in Great
Britain in whieh ap)._ars a photo of Newbold.
It might well be taken for the photo of an
average business man or bourgeoise politician,
were it not for the fact 1hat it shows that Newbold is wide between the eyes and has a forehead whieh indicates a high mentality. He
even wears a collar, and does not appear to resemble a navvy in any shape or form, yet we
recognize that he bus a working-class outlook,
and, what is more, that he understands thc
working-class position, as his writings, which
have been published thc world over, show, incidentally we might mention that Mr. «f. T,
Walton Newbold, If. P^for Motherwell and
Wishaw, is a graduate of Buxton College and
thc Manchester University. He also is a Master of Arts (History), and graduated in 1912.
All of which goes to show that the ruling elass
in its propaganda against a working-class rcp-
rcentative, must have forgotten that the workers of the world arc connected internationally
and at the same time have informntion about
all representatives of labor whieh is authentic
nnd which cannot be refuted by lying and malicious statements.
Put the statements about Newbold are not
even liable to cause a ripple on the surface of
working-olflss,circles in this eountry. If New-
b»bl aboearcd in the British Hfti!*w nt (".un.
mons dressed as a navvy, it would appeal to
the working-class sentiments of this country,
where we have so many men of the self-made
type, like John Oliver, who, while not as
greatly endowed as Newbold with intellect,
talks like a farmer who has not had the time
to take hayseed out of his mind, since he became the premier of this province. We care
not what garb Newbold appears in, but we
do recognize his intellectual qualities, and after
all, brains count even though they rest under
a soft cap, while a top hat, with its glossy
sheen, may cover a vacuum. We once heard a
baldheaded man say that he would sooner be
baldhcaded outside than inside, and wc think
in this case the press has attempted to discredit Newbold beeause the owners of the capitalistic press recognize that, tbe member for
Motherwell and Wishaw is capable of dealing
with them in proletarian style and may yet
upsd. some of their schemes to further enslave
the workers of the British Isles, and will play
a large part in the final struggle for the emancipation of the workers from capitalistic domination. Clothes do not make the man. A
man is judged for what he has above his eyebrows. Any fool can wear fine clothes, but it
takes something more than clothes to prove a
man's intellectual wealth, and Newbold has
proven his.
B. C. Workers and a Canadian
Ku Klux Klan
rf is only a little over two years ago that the
workers of Vancouver experienced something
of what a "white guard" might mean. This
was during the general strike of 1919, when
"respectable" men gathered their forees together to preserve law and order. Since that
time the "wiite guard" movement has
developed thc world over. Especfally has
this bcen the ease in European countries, and
even the United States has not escaped this
new form of ruling-class domination.
In Italy it is the Fascisti. In Ireland it was
the Black and Tans. In Hungary it was
tho "White Terror" established by Horthy,
and in the United States the American Legion
and the Ku Klux Klan have functioned very
effectively. In faet terrorism has become thc
weapon of the ruling class the world over, and
the law and order which the members of that
class arc so glib in quoting has bcen subverted
to the. dictates of a self-appointed band of
"patriots" who imagine that thcir mission in
life is to keep the workers in their plaees
and to save democracy from itself.
*      -I-      *
But while Canadian labor has been sleeping
thc forces of reaction have been organizing.
Every country has seen intensified organization
on the part of the ruling class. Tlie means
may not have been legal, but those who make
the laws can place what interpretation on them
they wish. But the main thing is that they
have organized. No doubt readers of the Federationist will bc surprised to learn that the
country of which they are "so proud" and
which they have served on the battlefields of
France and in the industrial and agricultural
slave compounds, is to be made even safer for
democracy than it has been in the past. In
fact that an invasion is to be made to save
the Canadian people from themselves. But if
thc printed word docs not lie, the following
facts will convince the most skeptical.
On Friday last, the Cranbrook Courier, carried the following paid advertisement:
KU  KLUX  KLAN!
Applications for membership in Cranbrook K'an No. 229 wi'l be roeeived by
the undersigned during; his two-day stay in
Cranbrook, B. C, December 8th and 9th,
when Klan. No. 223 will be organised.
ALL APPLICATIONS MUST BE IN
WRITING
All applicant., must be British subjects,
between the ages of 21 and 40 and mutt
also be qualified horsemen possessing' the
necesary skill and daring to uphold law
and order at all costs.
(Signed)^-H. MONOBOPT,
Chief Klanman, Can. Division.
1st Notice—kranclux advt.
On Wednesday, the 22nd, the Vancouvor
Daily Province carried a news item covering
this organization's activities in this province,
which reads in part:
CRANBROOK, Nov. 22.—An advertisement appearing in a newspaper here is the
first indication of an attempt lo establish
the Ku Klux Klan in British Columbia.
The notice, which is signed by II. Moneroft,
invites applications for membership, and is
said to be inserted on behalf of the Canadian division of the organization.
The Ku Klux Klnn was exposed in thc New
York World in 1921, all its rottenness and its
infamies were laid naked before thc public.
Still it flourished. The head of the organization was accused of graft. In fact, it was
slated that bigotry and race hatred were being
sold at ten dollars per head. But it must not
bo lost sight of that the Ku Klux Klan bas
for its first objective the open shop and the
American Plan. It tbcrfore behooves the trades
unionists to tighten up their ranks; to organize
as they never organized before, ere the "white
terror" strikes them and destroys their organizations, lf it is not the Ku Klux Klan
which will bo the organization by which
the ruling elass decides to enforce its decrees,
it will be some other, and the time to prepare
for tlio worst is now, and dual unions might
note this fact and act accordingly and get into
thc recognized labor movement, so that the
efforts wliich will be put forth may bc defeated.
FRIDAY November 24, lt
The While Terror in Luthania
Great Britain is suffering from unemployment. In fact, the unemployed are parading
their misery. The situation is accentuated,
states the press, because thc workers arc not
leaving the country and aliens are entering.
Canada is also facing an unemployed situation,
and thc government is going to let down the
bars against immigrants. In other words,
Canada is going to secure an influx of people
who ennnot be employed, aud by so doing inerease the intensity of the suffering and mi-scry
of lhe jobless. This is statesmanship with a
vengeance. Qreat Britain wants to get rid
of her surplus labor. Canada wishes to augment hers. At least that is the way tho un-
..'triDloved here will see it.
[By Z. Angaretis, Moacow]
AT the end of Decembor. 1918,
■** control in Vilna Wa lltterly
disputed by rival forces^ Lltlnmii la,
occupied by the Oerman army, had
established ft government of. its
own. under the protection of the
Germans. A Polish council,/made
powerful, was laying vlalm to authority. The workers had -their
Soviets, and there existed'a workers' and peasants' government
On the 1st of January, 1918s the
Polish white guards, Instigated by
the Polish Socialist Party OP* P-
S.), and upheld by the German officials as much as by the Polish Social Democracy, attacked the Labor headquarters in which the Soviet bureau held itB offices. After
21 hours' resistance the Reds all
surrendered with the exception of
several comrades to whom death
was preferable. When the lied
army entered the city on January
5, an uprising of the workers burst
forth in the old district of Suvallkl,
at that time occupied -by tho Germans, but really under the control
of the Lithuanian government supported by tho popular democratic
Socialists (later adhering to the
Second International.) The insurrection was crushed with the utmost cruelty. Amongst tho number of those shot was our young
Comrade Zonal is, upon whom we
had based high hopes.
The persecution was directed in
particular against the council of
workers employed in agriculture.
Democracy Is lie-established
On the 19th of April, 1919, the
Polish white contingents, led by
Socialists of the P. P. S. forced an
ontrance into Vllna, which had
been occupied by the Reds for three
months. After a stubborn struggle'
lusting threo days, the Red army
was compelled to leave the city,
On that very day began the1 persecution of Communists, workers, Soviet employoes and Jews. It sufficed to have a worker pointed out
in tlie street to the Polish soldiers,
to bring him to the Lipovka to be
shot, without other form bf pro
cesa, right at the grave which he
first -had to dig himself. As at
Paris, during the repression of tho
Commune, the beau monde or VU
na taunted the prisoners by spit
ting in their fnces. The prisons
were so crowded that the prisoners
sometimes could not even flnd any
place to sit down. The latter were
not evon formally entered into the
jail book—the time was too short.
The names of those remain unknown. Their number was never
listed.
On May fl, 1919, Lithuanian Independence, organ of the bourgeoisie, writes exactly as follows:
"We have boen informed that
the   commission    charged    with
preparing a list of  the Jewish
victims   of   tho   recent 'pogroms
organized by the Poles; haa already identified 120*0 killed and
wounded,   .    .
So that you   might  be able.'to
judgo the methods of repression in
the Lithuanian democracy, we cite
the  statements   of  two   comrades.
Ch'iupuk, Soviet official, arretted in
Vilna on April 21, writes:'       ' '._
"I was first led io th'e courtyard and set against the wall to
bo shot,  having been  previously
beaten almost to the point of unconsciousness,   Then at the prison of the Domini-*:;]as I remained 17 days in the dark hole, filled  with  prisoners.    Our jailers
tfid not cense threatening us with
Immediate    execution.      Several
tlmei they choose particular oiiej
among us for torturo.   A former
Red soldier,  who had  been imprisoned  b.v the Soviet authorities for speculation, held tho office of executioner.    One morning   they   lined   up   before   the
shooting  squad  and  told   us to
pray.    The first two commands
were given, but we perceived In
a moment that thia pretence at
execution had been gone through
only   for   tho    moving   picturo
camera.    .    .    ."
The worker, Joseph Ostalonoka,
a revolutionist since 1905, tells us
that ho was  "on several  different
occasions  placed  under cross-examination, beaten with the butt end
of a gun, whipped with ropes, subjected to electric currents."
Among the victims of the Poles
ln Vllna, nre io be mentioned Comrade F-erson, people's commissar in
the government of tho Lithuanian
Soviets, and the well-known "revolutionist Khuiklne. Both of tbem
were tortured before being executed. ,
Throughout the entire region the
landowners returned and "reasserted their rights," The members
of the workers and peasants councils were always arrested, frequently shot.
Under an Extremely Liberal
Constitution
Tho Lithuanian Republic regards
Itsolf one of tho most libernl in tho
world. It enjoys unlversfll suffrage,
applying equally to women and
soldiers, pioporVonnJ representation, ete. Its ministerial posts are
most often filled by members of
the People's Democratic Socialist
Party—affiliated with the Second
International. Tho Social Democrats adhering to tho Vienna International hnve nlso held officci. AHd
it was Indeed during tho' period
when both jointly shared the responsibility of power that the while
terror claimed tho largest number
of victims. Thnt occurred In the
beginning of the democratic regime. They usually shot without trial;
they murdered readily "in an alt-
tempt at escape." So perished our
Comrade Relcachis.
The whito terror had so many
tentacles that reached out even
against Social Democrats (Smolskl
and Vnlukos were both executed),
at a time when two Social Democratic Menshlvlks, Kayorle and
Paknlst wero ministers. . . .
Thc Lithuanian govornmont declared the Polish officers to be responsible for this lattor crime. The
Menshevik ministers explained it as
a regrettable error; they had boen
mistaken; they had thought these
wore Communists.   .   ,   ,
In round figures, almost 2000
persons were executed In 1910 by
the Polish and Lithuanian hangmen. Most of them did not belong
to the Communist Tarty,
The Iuqulsltlon In May, 1022
In 1921, reaction grew stronger
in almost every eountry. In Lithuania, tho white terror which had
never censed, was redoubled, It is
true that the Hot-is* 1>mocrats wert
no longer ministers. But Grlnus,
the president of the council, belonged to the Second International.
In January, 1921, then on the
1st of May, arrests were counted by
the hundreds. Workers and poor
peasants suspected of being Reds
were imprisoned and brutally
whipped. They shot much less
frequently than in 1919, and rarely without trial, but they tortured
more, and with greater refinement.
Ono worker, Jankovskaya, became
insane as a result ot it. At Outsl-
anl the police made 100 arrests in a
small locality. Tho victims were
whipped, revived with water when
they lost consciousness and whipped again. The atrocities committed at Outsiani were related in
the official party organ by u Social
Democratic deputy in the Lithuanian Sojm. The Communist Pravda
of Lithuania has published a long
list of victims.
Responsibility for theso acts falls
at the same time upon the Clerical
Democrats who formed the majority in the Sejm and upon, the popular Democratic Socialists (2 International) who shared the authority
With them.
After Uie Manner of the 8. Jl.'s
When, in 1920, the Red army occupied Vllna, the Lithuanian polico
sent to it one of its agents, named
Precker, to organize nttempts upon
the lives of most prominent Com
munists. The cowardice of this
agent caused the attempt to fall.
But another succeeded, and Com
rade Morozov, member of a local
revolutionary committee, was kit
led. These last acts were perpetrated after the conclusion of peace
between Lithuania and Soviet Russia, at the time when tho latter,
having driven Poland from Vilna,
was preparing to restore this city
to Lithuania.
In conclusion, we call attention to
the fact that the Lithuanian courts
actually condemned to death, for
affiliation with the Communist
Party. And these verdicts were
executed. Comrade Mojelis, Vark
alls and several others, paid with
their lives for merely belonging to
the Communist Pnrty. In similar
cases Social Democratic judges
have been known to sentence Com
munists to death. Comrade Bal
votchus, three times condemned to
death, wns saved nt the last moment only by grace of the well-
known Social Democrat Janulatis.
We bring all these facta to the
attention of the Socialist press of
all shades.
licenses in the same way as a gun,
motor or other license is given.
Alow us to quote an example as
far as finances are concerned:
Building value $1,000.00
Building wages
in   conection .. .if*
therewith ....$   600.00       ■*!   '
Bldg. Material..      400.00
$1,000.00    $1,000.00
Ask Amendments to
Compensation Act
(Continued from page 1)
made as provided for In the Act,
on the basis of the average for the
preceding year.
(11) Widows, childron and others
totally dependent to be entitled to
full medical treatment needed, as
long as they are entitled to beneflt
under the Act.
<12) Funeral benefit of $150.00.
(13) Hernia rupture and strained
back and all occupational disease
to be compensable, or sickness arising out of ihe course of his or her
employment.
(14) The Bonrd to havo authority to penalize employers or doctors
failing to report in compliance with
the requirements of the Act. i
<!!!)  Full choice of medical at-:
tendant and qualified practitioners
or mechanical treatment to be at
the disposal of the injured workman.
(16) No medical or hospital plan
to be permitted except upon request
of the workers concerned, and control pf same to be in the bunds of
the Board, to whom the employer
must render monthly flnnncial
statements of payments by tho \
men. No deduction to bo made by j
the employer from sums sn paid,    I
(17) The Board to have author!- j
ty to enforco a, direct assessment
against the individual employer in
case ut accident duo to violation of
accident prevention or first aid
clauses, or presumable laxity in ,
proper cure. j
(15) That the Act be amended
so as to provido that janitors or j
siihool buildings shall be entitled to
compensation in tho case of injury
received in the course of their occupation.
In the performance of their
duties, these people are required to
attend lo large motor-driven fans,
cleunftjff windows, and work of
such nature, which entails risk, the
same as some other occupations already included in the Act.
And wo further recommend that
consideration be given to making
some provision for the protection
under the Act for a very large
number of workmen engaged in
what is generally termed casual
lnbor. For Instance, in tho build- I
Ing trades, during lSlfl, 1920 and
1921, it was found upon analysis
that 25 per cent, of the accidents
do not como within the scope of
the Compensation Act, thus depriving Hm workmen, who hod previously paid tho per capita, the
benefits of tho Act. Feeling satisfied that tbe government does not
desire to work a hardship on any
section of the community, we submit the following, as a possible
medium to covor the financial obligation Incurred* Building permits
are issued in organiswd districts,
based on the value of the proposed
building. This, we feel, could be
extended to cover tho Compensation Board finance with an Increase
of the feo paid, which could be easily collected, and would prove efficient in such districts. In unorganized districts government
ngentj, could be authorized and Instructed to grant such permits or
If paid under the Act as at
present in force, this would be
somewnere near CO cents on that
wage bill. If $1.00 was udded to
the permit payable to the Compensation Board, there would bc 40c
margin, and this would lead to better housing of thc people, the registration of buildings within tho
province, and what we desire, a full
100 per cout. insurance ngainst accidents in the building trade.
Trusting samo will receive your
favorable consideration,
"   Yours very truly,
R. H. Neelands.
W. J. Bartlett.
13. S. Woodward.
P. R. Bengough.
Geo. H. Hardy.
The delegation was well recoived
by the Hon. Mr. Manson, and the
different questions raised by the
proposals made by organized labor
wero discussed at length, especially tho ono with respect to casual
labor, and when the delegation left
the offico of the chief Inw officer
of the province, the members felt
that the suggestions would be favorably received by the government.
Demand Union Help
Members of the working class
who are unfortunate enough to
have to secure relief from the city,
carl aid the milk wagon drivers
and dairy employees who are organized, by obtaining Fraser Valley or Purity Dairy milk tickets
from the city relief officer. They
do not cost any more and they can
bo obtained if requested. The organized workers have much In
common with the unemployed,
and the unemployed have interest
in the position of the men who are
working, for in these days a man
Is working one day and idle the
noxt. Members of organized labor
might also note that this Is a matter which they should give their
attention to. A union man who
patronizes a non-union outflt Is
not much to boast about. Patronize organized labor whether idle
or working, and there will be
nothing lost.
When through with thli paper,
pass lt on.
Two Thousand Club
417 PEKOES ST. W\ Phone Say. 8116
12000 BENEFIT CLUB (Incorporated
under thc Societies Act of B. 0.), $8.00
ent ra net fee, $1 en doeth of a member,
and H a rear. Age limit SO. Only a
limited number can join. Send for particulars to: 2000 Club. 417 Tender St.
W., Vancouver, B. C.    Phone Ser. 2186.
Money Saving
Specials
Men'a    Knee    Gum     Boota.
sizes 6 to 10  »I.S5
Women's Knee (Sum Hoots, 3
to 1, Saturday  »'J.B5
■Children's Knee Gum Boots,
6 to lOtt, Saturday.....l.»5
Boys' Olive Khaki Oil Skin
Coat; reg. J3.96. _Uit...$3._0
Mon's   Olive   Khaki   Oilskin
Coat;  reg. $7.00  W.50
Men's Tivcod Capa..$l to S2.05
Men's Cream   Knit   Atlantic
Underwear; .Sat., suit..$l.»5
Men's  Pelt _Iats..?2.5M-.-5
Men's uud Boys' Fitrnblilng-,
Huts. Boots anil Shoes
2313 MAIN STltEET
(Botwteo 7th and 8th Avemica)
Store Opens at fi a.m. and
Closes nt 6 p.m.
Comfortable Restraint
■ Is What Is Required of
Present Day Corsets
TflRM enough to control thc figure lines, pliable
t enough to give ample freedom, plenty of
"breathing space" to ensure comfort.
Every woman can now enjoy perfect Corset satisfaction. It is just a matter of selecting the right
model and following thc suggestions of corset experts who are thoroughly qualified to advise you.
Ours Is an Expert Corset Service
Made so by our ability to select tho best models
from the very best makes and thc ability of our corso-
tieres to anticipate and provide for tho various demands.
Front and Baek Lacing: Corsets.
Oorselettes,  The  Netherall  Garment,  Brassieres,
Bandeaux, Corset Waists, ete.
—Drysdalo's Corsot Shop and Fitting Rooms, Second Floor
575 Granville Street
Once Upon a Time
—someone complained about tlie
looaeneai of PngliNh elothca—thalr
lack of atyle. If it waa a woman
ahe would promptly change her
tune, and purcha*e one of tha
striving Topccnta. made of Engliah
fleece or blanket cloth, eut circular,
unbelted  nnd allowing   a   atriklng
Elaid bnck every time   tha   wind
low*.
From Mnker
To Wearer
«23 HASTINGS ST.. Naar Oranvllle
Famous
BE SU UK YOU OET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOV ASK FOR
-CIDER-
aud Non-alcoholic nines of ull
kinds
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST  ,
1160 Chorda Strait I
Sunday i_rrie*i, ll a.m. and 7:80 p.m. '
fcundar ichool inmediitvlr following t
morning lervlco.   Wedneaday t.alimoniiil I
tS^S___»_*"• **"* '"'""•]
Drugless Healing
Lownie
Sanitarium Ltd.
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Cor. Hastings mill Ill-hards
Phones:
Sey. 603, High. 21341.
AN EXOEBFT FBOM A BEOEHI
LETTER:
Twilvi luouthi ago I was iiilTer-
tng torturo from luad to foot with
rheumatism: had te bi a_m_«it_
sklltt, caald da nothing Myself;
had to bc fid llki a child. I AH
TOLL HOW, neither pain ner
ache. This pact thru moatha X
bare boen as well as X ere, was,
slo.
MBS. L. B.
This la only ona of thl very
many testimonials we hm ra-
latlng ta yarloui dlaaaais. IF YOU
ara lataristid or saftirliig ud
want sciintillc SEBVICE, we bare
tt to gin.
"LAID OFF"
Ttro Short Words, Ilrldirliiji the Gulf Between
COMPOBT nnd POVERTY
Have yon protected yourself and yonr family against sueh en emergency,
with a BA VINOS ACCOUNT—,he moat valuable Asset a aiaa eaa han (or
the "R_IN_ DAT."
Wo STRONGLY BECOHUEND yon to atirt such an acoonnt AT ONCE,
at one of our City Branches.
HASTINOS an< SETMOUB Oaa. S. narrlnn. Manager
Cordova ud Abbott Main and _5Wi Aw. Mail aad Broadway
WHEBE TOV WILL RECEIVE FBOMPT AND COUBTEOUS ATTENTION
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If yon ire living la a community not providod witk Banking faclll-
dea, addreaa ua hy mall, and wu will tie glad to guid* you In ntspect to
"Bjinki-ig bj Mall."
COAL
YALE SOOTLESS
AN1I
NANAIMO
Kindling Free
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANT
1410 C_RANVII____ Bey. 8290
Mainland
Cigar Store
MO OAitliU.L STilKIST
THIS PLACE FOB PIPES
It'll* up Pbone  Soymour 2351
Ior appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite   301   Dominion   Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
»_
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best nrvlce count io
much—call up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
ISS KINGSWAY, VANCOUVEB
Phone Falnnont —
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE '
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
TWUEN your telephone la left accl-
" dentally off the hook, It reglaten
the same aa _ call at central. If the
operator got* no n?>ponae to bar
"Number, pleaie," the nnmber la
handed over to the repairing forcea
is being out of order. All thia In-
volvca teita, report* and time. Ia
the meantime, uo ono geta you on
your telephone.
"OIT the hool." la a very common iraiite of interruption to telephone nervice. By the exerela* of
cars in this connection you will protect your aervlco and avoid Inconvenience to younelf and others,
B. 0. TELEPHONE OO.
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
•>.
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STEREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY Novemb*. 84, 192J
FOURTEENTH YEAR.
no. « BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
PAGB THREE
The Gateway to Health—
If you want health, look to your teeth—
they have more to say about your health
than yon imagine.
Nothing is as harmful as the exuding of
pus from diseased teeth—yet seven out of
ten persons have one or more abscessed
teeth—get this poison into the blood—into
.food—and do not realize the danger. Diseased teeth absolutely demand treatment in
the interests of health. If sueh is your case
—or if you suspect so—see me at once.
Health is precious—once lost it is hard to
regain.
Phone for appointment
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Haatings Street West
Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymonr 3331
The Political Situation* in Russia
**•***■*
*■***««
-*««***
******
******
******
Every Modern
Method mid
Convenience
—the moit scientific
tni'llniiU (or the pre*
vpiitiim of pain.
—Full X-ray faclll-
tii'H at thu aervice of
every patient.
—My own completely equipped laboratory.
'—Moderate prloea,
—Expromlon   Teeth
A specialty.
And the Russian Trade Unions
, . .      ..-■....
SPEECH OP COMRADE ZINOVIEV .'AT'THE
ALL-RUSSIAN TRADE. UNION CONGRESS
BJH   tmoo union  congresses  intthat   tho   workers   must   Increase
I Ult. BttKTT ANDERSON, forinurly membor of the Faculty of th*
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer oa
Crown and Bridgework, Demonitrator ia Flitework and Operative
Dentistry, Local and General Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
VANCOUVEIt TBADES AND LABOR
Council—Pmldent, E. H. Neelanda,
M.L.A.; general aecfetary, Percy B. Ben-
songh. office: 808, 810 Pender St. W.
Phono Soy. 7495. Heeta in Labor Hall at
8 p-m. on the flrat and third Tneadaya
In month.
ALLIED   PBINTINO  TBADES   COON-
oil—Heeta   aecond    Honday   in   tha
month.    Preeldent, J. B. White; aacro-
tary, B. H. Neelanda, P. O. Boi «8.
BAKEBV   SALESHEN,   LOCAL   871—
Meele aecond Thureday erery   month,
S18 Pender St. W.   Preaident, J. Britht-
weoll; financial eecretary, ll A. Bowroa,
884B Burna St. ______
JOUBK-YMEN BABBEBS' 1NTEBNA-
tlonal Union of America—Local 120,
Vancouver, B.C.. moeta aeoond and lourth
Tuesdays in each month la Boom 813, 819
Pender Street Weit. Preaident, 0. E.
Herrett, 71 Ha.tinn St. E. Socretary,
A. B. .Uni, 820 Cambie St. Shop phone,
Be,. 2702. Residence phone. Dong. 2171R.
INTERNATIONAL BBOTHERHOOD OP
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilder, and
Holpere ol America, Local 194—MecliliK-
first and third Mondaya in each month.
Preeldent, P. Willis: aeoretary, A. Vraatr.
Office: Boom 803—819 Pender St. W.
Office hours. 9 to 11 a,m. and 8 to 5 p.m.
BBICKLAVERS AND HASONS—11 yon
nnd brieklayera or masons for boiler
worka,   eto.,   or   marble  aettere,   phona
Bricklayers' Union, Labor Temple.	
' UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
neuters and Jolnera, Loeal 452—Proal-
dent.  Wm. Dunn;    recording    secretary.
Oeo. Snell: business agent, Goo. U. Hardy.
Office:    Room 304,  819   Ponder   St. W.
Meets eecond and fourth Mondaya, 8 p.m..
Boom 6, 819 l'ondor St. W.
Patrtmln Federations «_t«W_-
•n and tell thom why you do so.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES' UNION—Jleola
Ural nnd (hird Fridays in each month,
al UK Cordova St. W. President, -.
Whito, 8405 Tender St. E.; Secretary;
Tre-iinr, Un.. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
Prl
IBS-RATED LABOR PARTY. 148 COR.
dovil St. Vi.—Educational meeting!
every Hundey evening. 8 o'clock. Businoss meetings every Wednesday evening.
R. P. Peltlpieco, chairman; E. II. Mom-
aon, lecjreai.; J. Bennett, corresponding
secretnry.
CITY FIREFIGHTERS UNION -.0. 18—
Pro.l_.nt,  JI.   McDonald,  No.   1 Fira-
hall;   Secre'..ry,   C.   A.   Vation, No. 8
Plrehell.
HOTEL AXD RK8TAUBANT Employi-s
Colon, Locnl 28—441 Beymour Street.
Meets first and lltird Wednesdays at 2.80
p.m. 8eco;,d snd fonrth Wednesdays at
6.30 p.m. Executive board meets every
Tuesdny nt 3 p.m. President W. Colmar.
BhelQ,!! agent, A. Oraham.    Phono Soy.
81.
Cumber   workers'   industrial
UNION OF CANADA—An induatrlal unit of all workera ln logging and construction campa. Coast Dis.
trlct and Oeneral Headdurtera, 81 Oor
dova St. W.. Vanoouver, B. C. Phono Sey.
7858. J. M. Clnrke, general gocrelary-
treasurer; legal adviser,, Jleeira. Biro,
Maedonald * Co.. Vaneouvar, B. C; andl.
tors, Messrs. Buttar * Chiene, Vancouver, B, C.
MACHINISTS LOOAL 892—President,
Ed. Daweon: secretary. B. Hirst; bus.
nous ngent, P. H. Bengough. Office: 309,
111!) Pender SI. W. Meets in Room 3,
MO Pender St. W., on aeoond and fourth
Vuoaday in month.
MACHINISTS LOCAL 18'_—President,
I..»o George; aeeretary, J. G. Keofo;
bu'i.icss agent, P. B. Bengough. Office:
309, 319 Pender St. W. Moots In Room
318, 319 Pender St. W. on flrat and third
Thursday! tn month.
Sr&therhood of painters, deoo-
ratora and Papernangera of America.
Local 188, Vancouver—Meats 2nd and
dth Thursdays ai 148 Cordova St. W.
phona Sey. 8491. Bualneaa agent. R. A.
Barker
VILE DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF ond
' Dock Builders. Local No. 2404—Meets
In Labor Hall. 319 Pendor St. W.. evory
__d and 4th Fridny at 8 p.m. Jai. Thompson. Flnnticinl Secretary.
BAILORS'""UNION  OF  THE   PACIFIC,
135  Cordova  St.  W„ P.  0.  Box  671.
Phoon Sey. 871)3.    Jloetinga every Monday 7 p-m    ''■ Il'ickaday. Business Aj;opt.
FKllt.'tATED   SEAFARERS   UNION   OF
y.    .    -For lerly  Firemen  nnd  Oilers
tliiion    nf    Urlllsll    Coinmblo—Meeting
nights, first Tuesday and third Fridny of
eaoh month al 318 Cordova W.    Prosldent,
it.   Thom;   vice-president,   R.   Morgan;
i   lecrotary-treasurer,  W,  Dnnaldmn.   Ad-
w   dress,   313  Cordova  SI.  W.,  Vanconver,
B.C.    Victoria Brsnch Agent's address. W.
Francis. 567 Jphn.on 81., Victoria, jl.C.
rNTORNATlilNAL UNION STEAM AND
s  , Operntlng Englneera, Local 844, meets
,-very Tlmriday at   8   p.m.,   Room   807
Labor  Temnle.    Secretary-Treasurer,    N.
Groen, 953 Hornby St. Pbone Sey. 7043R.
Recording Secretary, W.   Chandler,   1631
"' " Are., North Vancouver.
<J
BTREET AND ELECTRIO RAILWAV
Kiel Viyci'N, Pioneer Division, No. 101
— Miv it K. I'. Hall, 8th and Klngiwsr,
l_l mill Uni Mmi'laya at 10:15 a.m. and 7
p.m. lYmi-l. nl, E\ A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
I>ri ■■■■ rccoriliiiifRocrctary, F. K. Griffin,
147-Ull. Avenuo T.ssi; inuaurr-r, K. V,
AndriMv; (tnniicial-arcretirjr and busl-
Dem a,"ent, \V. II. Cottrell, 4808 Dumfries Street; offico, corner Prior ami Wain
Sia.    Phons Fnir. U804R.
JOUUNKlfUUM 1'AILORS' CN10* OF
America, Local No. ITS—Meetlnfa held
first Mrm-lny in inch month, 0 p.m. Vm-
tiloi.t, \. It. (Intently; vlee-praaldent, Mra.
Dolk; recording eecretary, 0, McDonald,
P (i. mut so:); flnanclal aocrotary, P.
McNoUh. P. 0. Box 608.
SOCIETY POR TECHNICAL AID TO
•Soviet RiibsIr, Vancouver branch, meeta
first Mil ttiin! Bundnya each month, 2
p.m., at 01 Cordova St. W. For Information writo to brnnch arcretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
■61 Conlura Ht. W.. Vancouver. B. C.
TVPOOliAPHfCAL UNION No. 236--
President, Win. Skinner; vlce-prealdent,
A. Tucker; secretary*treasurer, R. H.
Noelands. P. 0, Box 66. Meeta lo-st
Hun day of ouch month at 2 p.m.
NANAIMO   TYPOGRAPHICAL    ONION
No.  8B7—President J. J. Hogg, vice-
president, It. J. Stewart; aeeretary*treas-
IP urer, L, C. Gilbert, P. 0, Box 470, Nanalmo, II. C.
Put a one-cent stamp on this
paper and mall It to a friend.
We patronize those who pntron-
.m ys.
NOTICE!
Logging Men!
Christie's   No,   SOO   Calfskin
Single Sole Stltohdown Boot
is the lightest and most flexible Logging Boot ever made.
A NEW CK1SATIOX
If you ■■• your feet aa a aledge-
hammer on booka, chaina, otc,
then buy Ohristle'a No. SO and go
at it. Waterproof; guaranteed to
hold caulka.
Christie Boot
Factory
51  COItDOVA WEST
Phono Soy. 8070
SLATER'S
TW_    HAM.    BUTTER    AND
EGO MERCHANTS
FREE1 DELIVERY
123 Hastings St. IS.     S... 3202
1191 (-ruin lllo St. (Cop. Davlo on
Groavll e>... I-llono Sey. 6149
3289 .Main S:. (under now man.
agcim-nt).   Phono Fair. 1083
830 GranvUle Phone Ser. 868
CANADA  "A"   SPUDS—   d>|
Per sack       vl
PURE RED PLUM        /JS.
JAM—4-lb. tins    OOC
FRESH MEAT DEPARTMENT
EXTRA SPECIAL
Wo have without a doubt a consignment of the finest grain fed.
government inspected, Pork
Shoulders we have had this year.
They weigh from 4 to 8 lbs., and
the quality Is excellent. Regular 25e lb., Friday and   Satur-
T.?:  18k
PRIME POT ROASTS from,
per Ib 100
PRIME     OVEN     ROASTS
from, per lb 12'/.r
PRIME     I-OILINO    BEEF
from, per lb 8c
PRIME   BONELESS   STEW
BEEF, 2 lbs. for  35c
MILK-FED VEAL
CHOICE LEGS OF VEAL
from, per lb '. lHc
CHOICE VEAL STEW, 2
lbs. for  25e
I'ltlMK LOCAL LAMII
LEGS  OF PRIME LAMB,   per
lb 38,56
LOINS OF PRIME LAMB,  iter
lb.   30c
SHOULDERS ot PRIME LAMB,
half or whoie, per Hi 22J_c
PRIME LAMB STEW,    2    lbs.
for   25c
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
BUTTER—M'TTKK
PRIME ALBERTA CREAMERY    BUTTER—Fit    for
any lablo;
3 lbs. for
$1.15
SLATER'S F A M O U S
STREAKY BACON — Por
lb., by tlio slab  3_}ic
EXTRA SPICCIAL
Slator's Famous Cottuge
Rolls, smoked, bunelcss and
very mild, weighing from 4
to 6 lbs, Reg. 32c lb., Friday and Saturday, Q C1 /•
per lb     ti%J_\f
SLATER'S     SUGAR     CURED
PICNIC HAMS—
From, por lb	
SLATER'S FAMOUS SUGAR-
CURED AND SMOKED SELKIRK ROLLS—Nothing finer
for frying;
3 lbs. for ....
19k
85c
DOILVIB'S ROYAL HOUSEHOLD FLOUII-—The finest
bread flour In Canada, 49-lb.
sacks. Regular $2.25; special, per
sack 	
$1.95
Don't    forget    to    order    your
Spuds Canada A, $1 sack.
At Slater's Stores
Shipping Orders Always Get
Speolal Attention
_*
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding .Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Orntimeutul tint) Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND XURSE1IYMKX
48 JlnstlnifS St. E. 2— STORES—2 0(15 Granville St.
Sey, »H8-(179 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"      Sey. 05IS-1301"
our country are the best landmarks of the development of our
whole country. I believe that this
fifth congress will also be such a
landmark ln that tt will condense
the results of a year and a half's
work, and enable us to draw; lessons therefrom which are of great
importance to our Republic,
In what condition does the flfth
congresB find the country? The
International position of our Republic is stronger than ever. We
can say this without fear of exaggeration. Tho Soviet Republic has
become an Independent world power. Even if we look only at the
foreign events of the past weeks,
we cannot fail to sec that the international political position of our
country has beon strengthened,
A few weeks ago the German Republic, headed by a bourgeois-men-
shevlk coalition government, declared to us that Germany under
the oppression of the Treaty of
Versailles stood on the verge of an
abyss, and requested that we make
this known to the Russian people.
This ns well as other facts proves
clearly how greatly our influence
has grown in the field of international politics. The present negotiations with Japan and the coming
ones with China are of great importance, whatever the final result.
The Versailles treaty is cracking, and evory day deals It fresh
blows. The crisis in the East sharpens daily. No one can speak of a
world revolution which will be victorious only in Europe. It will only
be a world revolution when the
hundreds of millions of the East
rise against their oppressors. And
as the revolt grows in the East, so
does the importance of our country in the eyes of the Eastern peoples. It is therefore no exaggeration when we say that the international political position of our
country Is stronger than ever.
This does not mean that all international difficulties have been
overcome. No, we still had to feel
the attack of international capital
ut the Hague conference. As a result of the refusal of credits, our
country Is still ln such an economic condition that international
capital still hopes to force Its robber conditions upon us.
It ts one of the most important
tasks of this congress to declare in
the name of the organized working
class of Russia—and I am convinced, comrades, that you will mnke
this declaration: However difficult
our economic situation may be,
howevor badly we may need a resumption of relations with International capital, the Soviet Republic
Is already strong enough nut to enter Into an agreement which pur-
poaes her enslavement and her
plundering.    (Applause.)
Turning to tho inner condition,
wc may say that the crop did not
disappoint the hopes of the country. Wo may hope that the question of bread may soon be put in
tho background. This does not
mean that all the difficulties of
-nourishing the country are over.
You know quite well yourselves
that In many Important regions, as
in the Dou valley, the question of
providing food still plays an im
portant role. Improvement proceeds but slowly, but nevertheless,
may be noted.
During the next year, perhaps
even for several years to come, the
question of wages will be the most
important queatlon of our economic
system and of our labor movement
Some attempts at solution have
already been made during the past
year. The real wages or our workers have risen on tlie average 100
per cent, during the year. But, as
you all well know, comrades, as a
result of the frightful devastation
the wages of the workers stood so
low that a 100 por cent. Increase Ih
still far from being a solution of
tho problem. In 1921, as a result
of the incredibly difficult situation
of the working class, many labor
conflicts broke out. Their number
decreased considerably in 1922.
And whilo the year 1921 brought
no real improvement of the wages
and tho living conditions of tho
Russian workers, the standard of
living was raised considerably in
1922. I believe that the congress
must take account of this and
spread the fact to the workers. This
fact throws light upon the partlcu
larlty of our situation. Tho mater
lal situation of the worker ln a
Workers' Republic, is not improved
and cannot lie Improved) by labor
conflicts, but only by totally different conditions.
Thc end of the civil wor, the flrst
crop after- the war nnd the adoption of the new economic policy at
once had a favorable effect upon
tho condition of tho worker, although no strikes took place, In
fact Just because there were no
strikes. It is, then, one of the
most Important lossons of tho pnst
one-and-a-half or two years that
tho improvement of the workers'
conditions ln our country does not
depend, as ln capitalist countries,
upon economic conflicts.
The present situation may be
characterized shortly in a sentence: The capitalist countries are
going down slowly Into ruin, while
tho Soviet Republic, slowly, but
surely, is returning to health. I
believe thnt this sentence suffices
to characterize the present condition. When we told the workers a
year and a half ago that the conditions would improve, many workers remained sceptical. This has
changed. The position of the Communists has Improved, the confidence of tho politically unorganized
masses in the Communists Is growing. All workers have become convinced that Improvement is possible, In fact that Improvement has
already begun
Tho relation between the betterment of the workers' living conditions and the increaso of production hfts never been so apparent as
today. All through tho revolution,
we havo preached to the masses the
necessity of increased production In
a Workers Republic. Wc Insisted
upon this under most difficult conditions, nailer such eon'dlHona that
tin. worker, depressed by hla excessive burdens, lost faith In the
cause. Today, our propaganda for
Increased production Is finding r
spouse In the masses. Why? Not
booaUBG of abstract propaganda-, of
abstract presentation of the truth
their production In their country
but bocause the progressive worker
who reads the reports of the economic organs of the trusts, who
understands the balance sheets of
these trusts, realizes clearly that an
Increase of wages can only be
brought about by an Increase of
production, and with the help of
the trade unions. That is why we
must combat the spread of thnt
Idea which we find even In trade
union circles: "That economists
carry the responsibility for the Industry; they control the factories
and the shops, and therefore the
Inerease of productivity lies In their
hands." This is not the case, and
ft Is self-evident that our congress
can adopt no such point of' view;
it is self-evident that increased
production In a Workers' and Peasants' Republic depends upon tho
trada unions. And I repeat It,
never were tho trade unions In a
better position for that purpose,
Another exaggeration of which
many ot our comrades active in Industry are gfillty, is that they refused to reveal to the trade unions
all the facts concerning production,
This is naturally not the standpoint of our party. This error must
be opposed. The decision of' the
party that there can be no business secret for the progressive workers organized in the trade unionB,
that Is, for the responsible organs
of the trade unions, must also be
woll known to you. The closest cooperation of economic and trade
union organs fs necessary and all
friction must be avoided.
The workers will not be satisfied
with the previous increases in
wages. They are far from sufficient. Nevertheless, we would run
the greatest danger If we acceeded
now to a desire which Is spreading
among the workers, Including those
of our party, for an immediate and
considerable increase of wages. The
Interests of the working class demand that we do not allow any
sudden raises which today, or tomorrow, or within a few months
may swallow up the last funds of
our economic organs and endanger
our industries,
To formulate our wage policy, I
will say: Slow but sure, careful,
systematic improvement of the living conditions of the working class
In connection with an increase of
productivity in our industries, This
formula makes no splendid, misleading propaganda, but it Is the
only honest, true, practicable, revolutionary, truly Communistic formula,
We flnd ourselves often between
the hammer and tho anvil. On
the one side, the working masses
represented by the trade unions
exercise a pressure upon the gov
erning organs for a rapid increase
of wages. These demands are opposed by those comrades who have
charge of protecting the Interests
of the State; these comrades main
tain that a rapid increaso of wages
would load to bankruptcy or semi-
bankruptcy of the State. Wo have
to tnke Into account your pressure
as well as their counter-pressure.
The Workers government naturally works mand In hand with the
trade unions. But I believe It will
be a great mistake if you attempted to strengthen the trade unions
by forcing some measures upon us,
when this cnn be achieved only
through practical work. It would
be a further mistake if today obligatory collective agreements fell
from heaven to the trade unions.
No, It is not necessary that the
trade unions develop their strength
in thnt field. These advantages
you must conquer for yourselves,
with tho support of tho masses.
This docs not meun that our party
la against collective,agreements or
fnvnrs the opponent's of collective
agreements. There are no opponents of collective agreements on
principle among us. The question
here- is 'of a better organization of
tho working class. A mero Issuance of decrees would bo a great
mistake. This does not mean that
the Stato will take no stand on the
subject. The necessity of the State's
intervention Is today generally recognized.
It will be the task of this congress to summarize the results of
tho new economic policy. The
trade unions, with the comradely
help of our party, have undertaken
a basic change of their policy. This
will be another question for debate. The results of the dlscussioA,
however, will prove that our trade
union policy was completely right.
This ls evident from the rebirth of
the trade unions, and much better
from the feeling of the workers
throughout the oountry,
But temporary difficulties and
diseases appear together with the
new policy, I mean corruption. .It
is not usual to speak of such a
thing In addresses of greeting, nnd
many of our enemies will rejoice
that we still have to mention corruption in the flfth yeaf of our existence. But you, the representatives of the Labor movement cannot-, pass over this manifestation
without any comment. Our party
and, the Soviet power have begun
a systematic flght agalnBt this evil.
We must continue this fight with
fire,and sword. But without the
support of the trade unions our
pai'ty cannot undertake this flght.
We must insist today that our most
important problem Is the flght
against corruption. Corruption ls
just as such an enemy as Kolchak,
Denikin and Ludenitch. Every
trade union must be the watchful
eye of the republic. Every trade
union njust punish with iron hand
bribers and bribed. We must permit no capitulation here. Wo
know that corruption did not fall
from heaven, that It has Its sources
far back ln the history of our country. Illiteracy, ignorance, poverty,
misery, are the causes of corruption. But we know what mighty
power resides In the organized working class, in tho trade unions, ln
the Workers government. A systematic flght against corruption
must then have serious results.
One Ojf our best economists, Com
rade Smilka, published recently the
following figures: This year, our
agriculture reached on the average 75 per cont. of its pre-war production, while our state Industry in
1,921 reached about 25 per cent, of
the pre-war production, and rose
slowly during 1922 to 28 per oent.
What do these figures signify?
They signify that agriculture re-
covered' quito rapidly in our country, much more rapidly than industry, whose production fell In 1921,
then rose somewhat In 1922. Of
course, 'an Increase of 2.5 per cent,
represents a very small progress.
There follows therefrom that all
the energy, all the organized capital In the hands of our working
class, nil the enthusiasm of which
our working class Is capable, must
be brought Into action so that these
figures no longer sink, but slowly,
continually rise. We should not
expect any rapid progress.
Comrade Lenln was right when
he insisted at the congressos and in
private talks with our comrades,
that the expectation of rapid improvement would bring us nothing
but disappointment, The reconstruction of our economic system
requires years, demands system, In
tense work, demands that we judge
our situation clearly, ns Comrade
Lenin justly insists. However, we
may sny that even the situation
of some of our industries Is still
very bnd, even borders on catastrophe   in   Home   cases,   we   have,
nevertheless, made a step forward,
and are on our way to recovery.
Two more words to conclude:
When, two years ago the question
of transforming the trade unless
Ilito free t&SGclatlon*, an'd the]
transformation of Industry upon a
commercial basis woro brought up,
there was no lack of prophets who
predicted the destruction of the
trade union movemont hnd with It,
ot our party. They said that the
transition to the new economic
policy would result In an irreparable split in the Communist Party
of Russia, In c!us3 war, within the party, and in the passage of
our party to the side of the bourgeoisie* Over a year has passed
since the introduction of the new
economic policy. This Is not much.
But we know nnd we see that all
the dangers which could arise
therefrom have already been overcome. And we have the right and
the duty to tell the working class
represented by the All-Russian
congress of trade unions that the
Communist Party of Russia today
is a stronger, more united party,
than two years ago.   ■
The Communist Party of Russia
has been able to accomplish a gigantic work of education, organisation and discipline. The trado
unions have gained a much greater
influence than they had before,
They have become an organization
which maintains the olosest connection with tho working masses
and enjoys a very great sympathy
among the non-partlzan workers,
The trade unions are the schools of
Communism and reconstruction of
the non-partlzan workers. The
trade unions have not separated
themselves from the masses. The
trade unions have not degenerated,
nor have they changed their political physiognomy. They nte the
samo, red, revolutionary, proletarian trade unions they were many
years ago. Therefore, comrades,
let our enemies rejoice as they
will, let them say what they will,
wo answer Just this: The most difficult period ls already behind us;
One or two more good crops and
we are saved. International capital Is sinking into ruin. We, on
the other hand, slowly but surely
are going forward. The future be
longs to us.
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
CItAXIJROOK, B. C.
Tho convention of the Cranbrook
Branch of tbe Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union of Canada will be
held In the Lumber Workers' hail
at Cr.mbrook on December 22nd,
23rd nad 24th, commencing nt 10
n.m. Tho convention will be a
mass gathering of all members nnd
delegate:-- from camps, and the
last day will be open to all workers In the lumber Industry, whether
membera or otherwise, for a gen-
iral discussion on tho lnbor movement,
)n     behalf  or   the     Cranbrook
Branch Executive,
J.  L.   PETERSON,   Sec.
COAST BRANCH
Tho convention of the Coast
Branch of tho Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union of Cnnada wilt
be hold In the Lumber Wlrkors'
Hall, 01 Cordova street west,, Vancouver, commencing January 3rd,
1923, at 10 a.m. The convention
will bo a mass gathering of til
members and delegates from
camps.
On behalf of tho Coast. Branch
Exocutive,
J.  M, CLARKE,  Sec.
It Is lo be hoped that there will
bc a large attendance of members
and delegates at theso conventions,
In order thut. tho various problems
confronting the mon who work lu
the lumber camps can be dlsoussed
and dealt with.
At no timo In recent years hns
thoro been moro numerous or
pressing problems than there are nt
tho present moment; but the question of an intensive organization
campaign Is the most vital and
pressing of all, and Is ono that
will call for careful consideration,
Plans must be formulated, und
rules land down that will meet
with the needs nml peculiar conditions of the moment. What may
have been good policy in the past
may bo poor policy today! ahd
thereforo it Is necessnry tint we
learn from what we have done in
tho past, In order that we can
remedy an j' mistakes that may
have been.
With a large  number of  men
•^unorganized, with the forces of
capitalism making further and further inroads on the wuges, living,
and working conditions, with con
cessions whicb huvo been hard
foilght for fn the pust threatened,
with a black Hat In operation in
operation aguinst tbem, ami with
numerous other pressing problems
collins aloud for attention, lt be
hooves all who earn their living
in the lumber camps of tills provinoe, If tbey are capable of thinking to get thoir brains to work,
and devise practical methods for
the building up of a powerful or-
ganization that will protect their
Interest.:,
The lumber workers in Eastern
Canada should be an object lesson
to us, They were organized, and
let their Union die, hut the results
of two years oppression by the
Igmber barons of Ontario hns con
Vinced them that it Is an imperative necessity that they again get
busy, that they again start lu and
build up a branch of Lumber
Workers' Union in order that thel
interests mty be protected. Those
members on the Coast who bave
dropped by tbe wayside are also
bjjglnnlng to realize their mistake,
and are again coming forward to
take their place ia tho fight,
-« All members who have subjects
they would like to huvo discussed
nt either of the conventions are
asked to send in tbeir Ideas and
suggestions lor publication in order
to give other members aa opportunity to think the mutter over.
Send in your ideas thick and fast,
but make tbem short and to the
point.
Says Russians
Won the War
(Continued from Page 1)
treacherously given and it fright
ened the ruling class. He pictured
the revolution of 1917, in its lncep
tion, as a palace intrigue, intended
to replace the czar with a more
pliant tool, but the thing got away
from its originators. Kerensky, he
said, was the tool of the Allies.
That the Russians sold out »the
Allies in the war, he denied,
should say rather," he added, "that
the Russians won the war by fllling
the German army full of propaganda."
With Russia disorganized by the
incapacity and graft of Its bureaucrats, with the army discouraged
and deserting, with the peasant
handicapped by the loss of his sons
and horses, it was Inevitable that
power Bhould pass Into the hands
of tho only people who knew how
to handle the situation, Lenln and
the small group that surrounded
him.
Of Russia's new economic policy,
he said that nothing that belonged
to the poople was being sacrificed.
The mines, forests, oil, transportation and the factories which produced essentials wero still owned
nnd operated by tbe state. Con
cessions were given to Russian and
foroign capitalists on the basis of
tho state furnishing the resources
whfle the concessionaire suppliod
the capital, thc state retaining 51
per eent, of the capital stock of the
venture
Coming to the famine, he told of
tho poor harvest the past season,
due largely to lack of fertile seed
in sufficient quantity. When he
called upon the audience for donations, cheques and bills were handed up to the stage In generous
quantities. Several thousand dol
lars were collected.
Workers  Party
Issues Call for Unity
(Continued from Page I)
Come and Look at tkis
IMPERIAL
RANGE
for $55
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively j
by the H. B. C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent appearance, good weight, and fine finish,
fitted with six cooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelted oven door with thermometer, and
I9x_.6xi2y3.inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying, and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
$55
-CASH OR TERMS-
Hudson's Bay Company
Party has instructed us to write
your orgnnization with the object
of securing co-ordination of effort
of all Labor bodies ln this district
In the forthcoming election or elections, Wo are, therefore, calling a
conferenco of all working cluss
political parties, trade and industrial unions nnd unemployed organizations and request thut you
advise us if you are willing to take
part in formulating a programme
lhat will be acceptable to all. We
are calling this conference, but
leave the matter of programme and
machinery for carrying out the
programme to the conference, when
convened.
Tlie basis of representation shall
be us follows: Each organization to
be entitled to three delegates. The
conference to be held In thc Labor
Temple on Friday, Decembor 8, at
8 p.m.
Should your organization agree
with tho proposals herein outlined
we would request that you notify
the undersigned to that effect, and
that you forward credentials for
your representatives nt the same
lime.
Trusting that a real Labor unity
may bo tho result of our efforts, we
remain, yours fraternally,
For the committee,
J. R.  FLYNN. Chairman.
GHOKCin TETHER, Sec.
Will
with J.
Vancou
Note tu .1. Stl-ll_r
J.    Slelnor   commun
lie mn,  _i.i!_  Cambio
or, u. a
c.'ite
St.,
EVERV HEADER CAN ItELF
Every render of The Federation tet ean render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions ns sinm no ihey are due, nnd
and b.v luiluclni* another worker to
suhsc-rlla-. lt dnct. not lako much
effort to do this.   Try H,
Buy ut a union store.
scorn, hut to any student of con
temporary history, the need for a
common line of action is n matter
beyond debate.
Reports from the United States
Indicate that the trend of thought
is in the direction of organizing
the working class as workers, apart
altogether from any petty difference, welding them together for
action as workers. The advice of
Engels, when he said: "The main
issue Is to get the workers to move
as a class, and they will soon find
tho right direction," is now being
redognlzed us correct.
In Edmonton a short lime ago an
organizntion of all workers, which
might bo termod u Lubor organl*
nation committoe, was launched by
266 delegates, representing all
branches of tlio organised Labor
movement, for tbo purpose of mak
ing effective the demands that the
repressive conditions compel the
workers to make on capital.
.Soft words cut no ice with tho
muster class. They make no concession tactile brotberhood of man,
or any otber bcimtiful theory. The
law of tbe Jungle is the basis of all
tbeir ethical ideas. They will give
the workers everything they can
tuke from them, but no more.
They havu power, we. In our dfs
organised condition, have none, It
behooves   us   then   to   build   Up   G
powerful political machine for waff-
Ing the olass struggle thut does not
lie In the distant future, but Is here
now. The muster clus.? huving
greater acumen than the workers,
has already recognized the ndvnn-
tuf."ii of acting ia concert agalnBt
the workers, for the Interest of tbo
olass,
During lho four years which has
elapsed since the signing of the
Armistice, all capitalistic activities
huve developed along the linen of
sit} It Ing individual, competitive or
dividing Interests for the accomplishment of common alms. This Is
best seen in America In the drives
on the trnde union movement. In
tho efforts tp lower the standard
of living of the workers, nnd to undermine the Organized Labor movement itself,
The same thing is no less true in
pplltlcnl and diplomatic circles; as
the crushing of Qermany und her
Allies nud tbe attempted solution
of the Near East question proves.
Want Co-opcl-ation
Recognising those facts, tbe
English   branch  of  the   Workers"
Empress
Hastings St. East---Fliont Boy. 2192
WEEK OF MONDAY, NOV. 27
MARGARET MARRIOTT. J. Anthony
Smythe. Clara Beyers, and
augnioiit-jil compnny, la
"THE HEIR TO THE
HOORAH"
A Western Comedy Drama In
Threo Acts
An ITnutnuil Jin Band Coming
Audiences at the Orpheum thea-'
tre will swing next week to iutsa
and "blue" music, when Miss
Bobby Folosm, Jack tVnny and
their Metropolitan orchestra ure in
the spotlight.
This organization, according to
advance announcements, will offer
music of a somewhat different char**
acter thun any Josus band, thut ever
visited the city. Denny, lt Is said*
has arranged special numbers, staged some spectacular effects and
has rehearsed hts musicians until
they have acquirtd a distinctive
style.
Miss Folsom la expected to render some smart Jaw songs, to do a
character monologue, and appear
to good advantage before the musical background of the orchestra
meu. She Is described as being
particularly attractive representative of the stmi-flapper, semi-tomboy type.
Several numbers played by tKe
band will be compositions of
Denny's, and the song, "Don't
Stop," to be sung by Miss Folsom,
also is one of his.
-ORPHEUM-
ooKMEmnta Monday, hot.
MISS BOBBY FOLSOM-JAOK
DBVHY
DUOAH * XAYMOND
FBgg BEBKAEP -oil BID OABET
DE WITT, OTljM Md TOS-BB-K'S
VIBOIL-TH-   nOBE-U--BI_m._tE
WAYOTi ___ _i___
Miti: lte to SSo; HlftM: 29c to It >
Twlc, Dill,. 2:80 ud 1:10 I
WHEN IN TOWN STOI* AT
The Oliver Rooms
■t-% COItDOVA EAST
I-..or> thing Mortem
ltn l cm ltcasonnhlo
DANCING
Erery Hou., Wed. sad Sat. Enalnp
TKE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
804 IIOHKBY ST. Opp. Court Hoi*
Get your workmate to subscrll)3
for The Federationist,
Where Is the Union Button?
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Casondo Beer has for 35 years
boon British Columbia's favorite health
beverage, No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
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Cascade PAGE FOUR
___________ yeah,  no. 12 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver,
" J:IDAY ....JNovember
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EVERY READEB CAN HELP
Every reader of Tlio Federation-* ean render valuable aeelst-
ance by renewing their subscription- as soon as they arc due, and
and by Inducing another worker to
subscribe.   It does not take much
effort to do this.   Try It.
One dollar and nfiy sents la tht
coat for a six months' subscription
to.the F«-fl. rattonlst.
TWENTY THOUSAND PEOPLE IN THIS
CITY HAVE ASKED THE GOVERNMENT
TO PASS THE CHIROPRACTIC BILL. WILL
THE GOVERNMENT LISTEN TO THEM?
IF NOT, WHY NOT?
I ara still at liberty and
have crowds of people
coming to rae who are
sent in by patients who
have recovered their
health.
Dr. WALTER STURDY
Chiropractor
DOMINION BANK BUILDING
907 Hastings St. W Phone Seymour 2098
.an
V
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
SHINGLES
MANURE
Our Mo. _ KhliiKl-s Arc Cheaper Than Hoofing Paper
Kino m mum: nm ve hast Phono Frasor tot la
TUE  FUTLIU-  BELONGS  TO LABOll—GREAT  IIIHTAIX'S
WORKERS ARE SHOWING THE WAV
Alderman R. P. PETTIPIECE
LABOR CANDIDATE
FOR RE-ELECTION
Decide od Yoar First Oboice
Bifort Election   Day
' WEDNESDAY, DEC. 13,
and do not fail to give
Labor the
FIRST CHOICE
W. J. DOWNIE
Labor Candidate for School
Trustee
Lecture by Working Class
Speaker Followed by
Discussion
Last Thursday evening, a good-
si_e.l audience he:u-d tlie address in
the W. P. hall, on this subject,
a.'te.- which an interesting dJscus-
_ on took place.
Tho speaker, Dr. Curry, first
compared the theological or duai-
istij philosophy wi:h what Eli-nest
Haeckel lenn3 'materialistic mon-
lam," and showed thai the_e two
positions we:e necessarily antagonistic, notwithstanding tlie grotesque efforts of metaphysicians; like
Sir Oliver Lodge, to reconcile them.
Instead of mind creating the material universe, mind Is now recognized by tho greatest biological
specialists, to be one of the many
manifestations of matter, and motion, which are inseparable, and
tho speaker declared that Prof,
John Tyndall, gavo the roply when
he asked this question: "Divorced
from matter, where is lift to be
found?"
Dr. Curry read and quoted from
Edward Clodd's "Story of Creation,"
and from Haeckol'a "Kiddle of the
Universe."
"Imponderable and Ponderable
Mailer"
In the analysis of matter, it Is
divided Into two classes—"Imponderable and Ponderable." The
flrst is that essential yet hypothetical substance, termed "ether," the
medium through which electrical
and radiant energy travels, tho
substance which Alls Infinite space,
and ls even the vibrating medium
between atoms and molecules.
Then there ls the ponderable
forms of matter, known as gas, liquids and solids, and the spectroscope has shown that our sun, and
thousands of othor suns contain
form of matter, as the earth and
even our bodlei are composed of.
The discovery of the "lndestruc-
tablilly of matter." suggested centuries B. C, was proven, and given
the world by Havoisier, a Frenchman, the law of the "indestruola-
.billty of energy" was Ilrst discovered by Robert Mayer in 1842, and
fhe Inference 13 "that which ennnot bo destroyed, cannot bo
aealed."
In the opinion of Clodd, Haeckel
tnd numerous other scientists,
•eller Is probably the raw material,
mt of whicli ponderable substance
-Volvos. Many Inlercsling illustra-
lons were shown on the scicen,
smong them a list of the chemical
elements, be-finnlnit wilh aluminum
and ending with zirconium, while
pictures "t the "Father., of Chemical S.lence," Including Daltdn and
Priestley, the discoverer of oxygon,
were shown.
Tlie speaker explained that a fow
years ago, the atom was said to
rie the ultimate division of matter, I
!>nt experiments with thnt new element, radium, apparently ihow ub,|
.hat atoms are made' up of elec-.
trons, r - according to the "Storyj
of Cre:.*_n," an nlom of radium I
contains 160,000 electrons, and yet1
a molecule of wnter, consisting of
two atoms of hydrogen, and one of
Oxygen, Is nbout .1,500,000,000 of
in Inch in diameter.
Unlike theology, however, which
being embalmed, and sepulchred in
Inspired texts, and must bc the
mme yesterday, today and forever,
science keeps the "door open" for
revisions, and changes. Three cen-
urie. ago, Bruno was burned to
he stake for teaching the nstrono-
ny, now everywhere recognized,
Ince that day millions of facts
'ave been secured by science. The
'nltnown Is becoming less, but
hero will ever bo the great un-
nowable, which Spencer claimed
vould bo an object of worship.
Motion Divided Into Forco ond
Energy"
The speaker then showed the
livfsioiis of motion. Thc pcrslsl-
snoy of force, and the conservation
if energy, are grouped under thc
octrlne of the Indestructibility of
notion, but In this sense force nnd
norgy are the two antagonistic
rowers whicli keep the universe
novlng. ,
Force Is tile attracting, or puling power, expressed In gravity,
inhesion and chemical affinity,
while energy Is the repelling, or
pushing power known as lieut, electricity, etc.
Isaac Newton showed that every
particle of matter; attracts every
other particle of matter, In propor-
'ion to the mass, and In Inverse
proportion to the square of the
distance which separates them.
Thc earth pulls the sun, and the sun
the earth; the earth pulls the moon
nnd the moon the enrth; the latter
pull Is evidenced In the flow and
ebb of tides. Tho moon would
fail lo the earth, nnd the earth lino
tho sun. were It not for lho energy
of their orbital motions. On the
other hand, If force hud unrestricted sway, all matter am] atoms In
the universe would, in time, gravitate Into a perfect sphere, in wliich
no life nor activity would bc possible. "Life Itself," said the
speaker, "Is n light from our first
to our last breath."
Motion nnd matter are Inseparable, eternal and limitless, from
the electron and atom to the great
HEJff LEAGUE
DANCE DEC. 15
Dance Held on 17th Was
Success from All Points
of View
The- Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council Label League dunce,
held on tho 17th at tbe 'Alexandra
Pavilion, was the most "sucix-KsruI
of the season, and the (.ommtitco
were more tban gratified with the
ouppbrt given to tbelr Object,
which in tbe boosting of unlon-
1 ibe. products.
A much larger crowd tinned out
and lhe capacity of tba tables i'or
the wh st drive was taxed to the
limit, and If tbere had been more
room, more could bave been accommodated. The winners of tbe
whist drive prizes are as follows:
Ladies—First prize, Mrs. Duncan;
second prize, Mrs, Morris, while
Mrs. Wheatcroft was awarded the
booby prize, Mr. Oullette won the
gentleman's fifst prise, while Mr.
Wheatcroft and Mr. Balllnger were
awarded the second and booby
prizes in the order named.
The label committee is malting
arrangements for tbo next whist
drive and dance, which will be held
on December 16 at the same place,
the metal trades participating, and
it is expected that all the metal
trades unions will support the committee by turning out in force.
Labor Seeks Abolition
of ths Poll Tax
(Continued  from   page  1)
services. But such is-not the case.
Most of the seasonal occupations
which engage the attention of the
workers are grossly underpaid and
leave no margin whatever to conserve for the winter. Thus thore
ha.e appeared in tbe public press
of tbe province advertisements for
mei, to engage in track work on
the Canadian National System at
5.1.00 for a ten-hour day. From the
sum deductions are made to cover
board and logings, leaving the
worker with less than $2.00 a day
to send to his family in tho cities
of tha province. It ls a sheer impossibility for even the most careful and thrifty housewife to do justice to a family on such a pittance
even while it is being received.
How much more impossible ia it,
therefore, to conserve for thc exigencies of the winter?
IVeservo Wise  Siiiv^mmls
'"With these facts In mind we feel
lhat wu shall not appeal In vain
to your Committee to preserve
intact those wise and necesar'y
saftKiiards whlt-h previous Icgiala-
tmea have thrown around the recipients or small  incomes.
"For similar reasons we are
bound to offer the strongest possible opposition to all suggestion Mi for
imposing tuition fees In connection
with the .si hoom of lha province.
It hns beeu the goal of all British
educationist to encourage merit to
climb the ladder which leads from
(ha elementary schools to tbo universities. Would ft. not bo contrary
to lhe public interest to deter ono
promising child from attendance at
the university by the imposition of
a "gold" to;a? Economy should be
sought by weeding out thc unrecep-
tive and the idle but Ihere caunot
be any possible justification for
keeping children back merely because tbelr parents are poor.
Fundamental Principles
"In conclusion we would respectfully urge that all taxation
should conform to two fundamental   principles.    These are:
"1. Taxation according to the
value enjoyed at the hands of
the community, Tbls vnluo is au-
tomntlcally measured by site,
vulues.
"2. Taxation according to 'ability to pay.' Th 3 Is measured by
the relation which income boars to
tbo family responsibilities of the
oiticon.
"Onco a citizen bas discharged
his obligation to the Statod based
upon the above-mentioned principles he [.hould be permitted to
spend the remainder of his Income free from the Irritating restrictions which now mar-his hap*-
pjriess and curtail bis personal
freedom.
"W. J. BARTLETT,
"E.  S. WOODWARD."
Amalgamation Movement
Sweeps Onward
galaxies of suns, and in thet universal medium termed ether, there
is constant motion. *
''Energy CliniifKHl, But Sot Created
Noi* Destroyed"
The amounts of force and energy
are constant, but the form of energy can bo changed; a mountain
stream will turn a water wheel,
which will generate light and heat,
through elecrlcal power, and tho
lattor through a motor can be
transformed back again to mechanical energy, but there Is no
Creation, nor destruction of power,
and even our patent oilierm today
will «not listen to the "perjmtu'al
motion crank," so prominent a
gonoration or two ago.
Next Thursday tbe subject; whl
be: "Tho Birth and Death of
worlds/1
[By Earl R. Browder in the Labor
Herald]
IJ EACTIONARY ideas in the trade
■*■*■ unions are being severely jolt'
ed. lhe progress of anialgaiim-
tlon, as reported in the Labor Herald for October, has taken on an
accelerated pace. More signlflcaiK,
It Is no longor only the bodies
known to be progressive, but some
of the conservative hotbeds have
swung into line. East and west tho
Slate federations are sending out
tbe call for industrial unionism
through amalgamation, It is no
longer possible to keep record of
the various city central bodies, who
are joining thc forward movement
In groat numbors. Great international bodies are shaking with the
aroused membership demanding
amalgamation, and additions nre
being made In the ranks of the Independent unions. The amalgamation movement is sweeping onward.
More State Federations Join
The news of the Michigan Federation action, (about whloh there ls
an interesting story herein), had
barely copied off when bang—the
Oregon Federation of Labor, meeting in Salem, on September 28th,
adopted a resolution which concludes:
"Resolved, that the Oregon
State Federation of Labor urges
the amalgamation of craft unions
thereby providing for only one
international head for each industry."
The resolutions committee of the
convention held an open hearing
on the amalgamation Issue, at
which a large number of students
of the Oregon Agricultural College
attended, following the debates
with intense interest. The issue
was clearly the largest before the
gathering, but so well was it supported, not alone ln committee but
by endorsements from various locals and central bodies beforehand,
that when it come to a vote it was
adopted with very little opposition.
South Dakota followed a few
days later, October 2, when the
State Federation convened at Sioux
Falls. Two resolutions were introduced at this convention, one declaring for industrial unionism, and
the oilier pointing out the method
by which this should be achieved.
Tbe active work of Delegate Carl
Anderson had a great deal to do
with the fact that all the delegates
were given a thorough exposition
of tbo gains for Labor to come
from such a programme. The flrst
resolution concluded:
"That this convention of the
Slate Federation of South Dakota,
go on record endorsing the principle of organizing all the workers working in the same industry into-one industrial union."
The resolution on the means to
be used, resolved:
"That the Slate Federation of
South Dakota in convention assembled, expresses as Its opinion
thut the different international
organizations should be consolidated into one international organization of each industrial department."
Another International Union
Lines Cp
One of the victories of the month
was the action of the convention
of tbe International Association of
Flre Fighters. This organization,
meeling in Tulsa, Oklahoma, adopted a general amalgamation resolution introduced by Delegate W.
E. Brown of Milwaukee. Theso
men, public service employees, are
also awaking to the weakness of
craft divisions within their organization ranks. Thla small organization, acting about the- same time
when the great Maintenance of
Way Union was entering the same
ivad, is another proof of the thoroughness with which the Idea of
amalgamation has penetrated
throughout the Labor movement.
Anions the Independents
Along with the big victories, including that In the Maintenance of
Way convention, has gone some
steady progress towards order in
tbo boot and shoe, textile and food
industries. These are the fields
where the so-called Independent
unions have flourished most. Seven
organizations, formerly hostile
and separatist, met in convention
In Boston early in October to complete their amalgamation into the
Pettipiece Deals with
Municipal  Matters
(Continued from page 1)
'Amalgamated Shoe Workers. A
national conference Is being arranged for miltatnts in the textile
Industry to map out a comprehensive programme for that field. In
the food Industry, the convention
of the Amalgamated Food Workers,
dasplte the opposition of the job-
hunters, adopted a splendid resolution for amalgamation of all the
unions in the food Industry, and
charged their executive board lo
immediately set to work approach-
ins the other organizations for that
purpose.
A great need of lhe workers for
solidarity hus been touched by the
amalgamation programme, and
tbey are rousing to the call in enthusiastic masses. If any militant
trades unionist Is down-hearted today, he should now realize that his
local union, central body, or International, is backward because he
himself has been backward about
placing the new programme before
them. Get busy circulating the
amalgamation leaflets, the Railroad
Amalgamation Advocate, and the
Labor Herald, and your organizations will surprise you by joining
the ranks of the progressive Labor
movement, on its march toward the
overthrow of capitalism and the establishment of the power of the
working class.
Trades Council Sends
Congratulations  to
British Labor Party
(Continued from page 1)
Labor party would help to open
tlio path from the olementary
school to the highest university to
every- child ln Vancouvor. He
would light on behalf of non-vaccination, and alao strenuously work
for the elimination of anything
that savored of militarism.
Both   speakers   wero   given
hearty   reception, nnd    numerous    ,
questions asked and answered to pl°yei. °nd «ul»-e»led that the dele-
deported and the other two stopped
and denied admission.
Unemployed Question
The unemployed situation' also
came before the council when Delegate Pettlplece raised the question
by stating "that If tho attitude of
the committee was an Indication of
the attitudo of that body to the
unemployed question, that tha
Trades Council should step out ond
deal with this question. He referred to the philosophy-of misery
which had been preached on the
coast, and claimed that the people
who had preached this philosophy
wore attempting to capitalize the
miseries of the unemployed. He
urged the central labor body to
co-operate with the City Council In
securing relief from the Federal
and provincial authorities for tho
unemployed.
Delegate Hardy, who reported ns
to his attendance at the unemployment conference committee meetings, stated that he disagreed with
Delegate Pettipiece. He slated that
he did, however, feel that If the
contact between thc unemployed
and the trade unions was cut off,
the council would be receiving
delegations every five minutes. He
supported the eforts ot the committee to aid the unemployed.
Delegate Nixon   nlso   supported
the    conference    committee,    but
stated that thero wero people on It
who had political axes to grind.
Unemployed Visit City Hill
Under the order of new business
this matter was again discussed,
Delegate Pettipiece stating that
thero were between two and threo
hundred unemployed at tho City
Hall every day, and that It appealed to him that tho unemployed
wished a closed shop for themselves.
Delegate Hardy, stated that the
business elements and the most
radical Influences wanted to obstruct the efforts ot the unemployed, and that a majority of the
members of the City Council wished
to do the same. He, however,
urged that the unemployed help
themselves and Join with , other
bodies in securing relief for the
unemployed.
Delegate Rnnkln stated that
there were children losing their
Uvea because of Ihe lack of proper
sanitary conveniences; he also
pointed out that South Vancouver
taxpayers were more heavily taxed
than those In the city, while the
unemployed from the city were being dumped in South Vancouver.
Delegate McMillan pointed out
that the Minister of Labor was out
of the eountry and that no provision had been made for the unemployed of South Vancouver or
any part of tho country by the
Federal authorities, and while it
had been stated that men In autos
were seeking reliof, tho bunch he
had seen in lino were more like
thoso In a casualty station in
France during the war; ho also
deprecated any attempt to split tho
unemployed from the orgunized
labor movemont.
Fault Lie, with Unions
Delegate Dunn took the stand
thnt tho fault lay with the trades
unions, as tho unemployed of today nro the unemployed of tomorrow. He urged the support of
thc trades unions for   the   unem-
short speech, and a concert- will
thc feature-, while the proceedings
will wind up with dancing.
THE VOTER
From "THE BAILROAD CLERK"
A fool there was, and he cast bis vote
Evon ns you and I),
For bowhlskered pants and old worn coat
And for grub on which he didn't dote;
He voted for Alderman Bunk you'll note
(Even as you and 1).
Ah, the work we do for the favored few
And tho miserable wago wo get;
They hand us chaff and take the wheat
And to make our bondage more complete
We voto for this system yet,
A fool there was, and he goods had none
(Even ns you and I),
He worked all day from sun to sun,
Ho got no ensh, so he worked for fun;
But ho voted for Alderman Bunk—who won
(Even as you and I).
Oh, he worked for fun from sun to sun
And he plotted nnd schemed and planned
s-a-a..a*i*a .■>..■	
the satisfaction of nn attentive *tttes ,Ulko tno "m,ter boc|t to their
audience. A solo, "The Jubilee of orjanta-llom.
Labor," sung during the interval, I. _S.ec_e ,ry_ Be|W°<,*h "Parted
by Comrade II. Clark, was well i""' ,h0 had "fanged for a room
received. All mombers and ad- '01', "'0 unemployed to register In
heronts of tho party aro earnestly uni_ ""nt this hall was now being
requested to turn out to the social "ae<\.f?1r Jnat P'"'"0''8. ana a moet-
meotlngs which aro being held! '?"" ha" hlld A'B0 bcon provided for
every Saturday evening. Tea, al tho unemployed meetings, whioh
are held every Thursday.
It wbb decided that the council
take out a membership for J. Nixon
In tho Exhibition Association, to
secure representation on the board
of dlroctors with a vote as well as
a voice.
The label committee reported
that the laBt dance had been a
great success in every way, and
thnt the next dance would be held
on tho 15th of December, tho
metal trades participating.
Tho action taken by the South
Vancouver authorities In having
the voters' lists printed In a union
shop, even though the price of
Timms, a non-union employer was
the lowest, was endorsed.
Reporting for the Painters'
Union, Delegato McMillan stated
that there were more than 70 per
cent, of thc members of his organization out of work.
A communication from the union
label department of the A. F, of —
urging tho workers to purchase
only union-made goods when purchasing Christmas presents, was
read and received the approbation
of the council. A letter from the
Central City Mission, calling attention to the series of lectures which
had bcen arranged for the winter
months, was received, and the secretary Instructed to write  to   tlm
But hei Just could not make bolh ends meet
To warm hts child ho frozo his feet,
But the kid .hadn't half enough to cat,
And he could not understand.
Thc fool was stripped of his foolish hid*
(Even as you nnd 1),
Thoy couldn't use it, though they mny havt
tried,
And when ho grew old, he was kicked aside
For his legs lived on, though his head had
died
(Even as you and I).
It Isn't thc shame, and It Isn't tho blame
That stings like a white-hot brand;
It's tho cussed foolishness of a Jay
Who'll work long hours for rotten pay
And vote for tho bunk on election day
And will not understand.
Get that
Overcoat Now
We've a dandy range to choose frsom in
beautiful check backs, fancy naps and
fleecy tweed?;, and the prices—well
look them over!
$25 $29.50 $34.50
C. D. Bruce
LIMITED
Cor. Homer and Hastings Streets
mission calling attention to the fact
that the letter-head on which tho
letter was written did not bear the
union label,
A communication from Mrs. M.
E. Smith, M.L.A., promising support for the demands of the council ln connection with the Minimum
Wage Act, was read and Hied. A
communication from the deputy
minister of labor, J. D. McNIven,
on the same subject, requesting a
representative from organized
labor to confer with a representative of the employers, wes received
and Mrs. Mahon appointed.
A communication from the
Trades Congress of Canada Indicated that the provincial executive
committee of that body for B. C.
will consist of the following members: W. J. Bartlett, Vancouver,
chairman; S. D. Macdonald, Prince
Rupert; Felix Pezeril, Nelson, and
— S. Woodward, Victoria.
A communication from the South
Vancouver Unemployed Protective
Association, asking what the council was Intending to do for the unemployed, was referred to the unemployed conference' committee
for action.
The part taken by the council In
securing the central heating plant
franchise for the local firm was acknowledged In a communication
from that firm, which also asked
that the members of organized
labor support the franchise by-law
in the coming elections and secure
Its passage, and by so doing aid In
the abatement of thc smoke nuisance.
Tho council after a strenuous
public session adjourned at 10:40
p.m. to go Into executive session.
Sam Guthrie Calls for
Investigation Into
Political Graft on P.G.E.
(Continued from Page 1)
based on matters arising In the
usual transaction of the business
of -the House. Aspersions upon
the conduct of Members in privato life are within the cognisance of the courts and are not fit
fer complaints to the House of
Commons.'
"The alleged reflc:tlon upon
the honour of an Honourable
Member ls concerning something
said to have happened outside
this House, and In point of time
sovoral years ago,   and   in   my
judgment is not one that can be '
brought before the House in this
manner. '
"If brought to the attention of
this House at all, it might be
possible to do so by way of prl-'
vllege, for procedure on which, 4
see decision of Mr. Speaker Man-
son, page 4, Journals, B. C. Legislative Asembly, Second Session,
1021."
Tom Uphill, Labor member for
Fernie, has introduced a bill to
regulate the Coal Mines Regular
tlons Act, covering the examination
of cool miners for competency, and
also providing for men employed
having the right to examine mines
as to their conditions as pertaining1
to the safety, of the miners, without the Interference of' officials.
Outside of the two items referred
to there has been little done in
the House during the past week ofi
Interest to the workors, the time
being taken up by a verbal barrage'
which has been thrown out by the
leaders of the two old political
parties.
Building Penults
Nov. 17—665—16th Ave. W., W
R. Whiteley, dwelling, 12600.
Nov. 18—3261 Point Grey Road,
Mutual Cont. Co., dwelling, |_000.
Nov. 20—1976—llth Ave. W.,1
M. E. Nelson, dwelling, {1000; 1972
Bnyswatcr, M. M. McKay, dwelling,
13000; 2071 Charles, W. H, Granger, dwelling, 31000.
Nov. 21—176—6th Ave. VT„ W,
H. Stratum, dwelling, 32000,
Nov. 22—3119—7th Ave. W., M.
G. Hunt, dwelling, 3. 000.
Washington—Every Swiss clti/cs)
with a fortune exceeding 316,000,
will have from 10 per cent, to 60
per cent, of It' confiscated to pay
old age and labor accident insurance if a referendum coming before the Swiss voters Dec. 3 is approved. So great ia the alarm
among the wealthy Swiss that numbers have begun to secrete their
wealth or to flee the country with
their transportable belongings. It
Is reported here that a group of,
theso refugees from popular taxation may establish a colony foe
which land has been obtained Ir.
Florida. By exempting all classea
with less than 116,000, the framers
of the Swiss measure have won
support for it among the small land
owners and petty business men.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
A VOTE FOR EX-MAYOR
LOUIS D.
FOR MAYOR FOR 1923
IS A VOTE FOlf A BETTER AND MORE
'      PROSPEROUS VANCOUVER !
When You Mark Your Ballot on
December 13th
Place the Figure 1 Opposite His Name
DO NOT MARK AN X
Next Meeting-, Saturday Night, November 25, r
at Grandview Hall, 1031 Commercial Drive

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