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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 22, 1919

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDER/_T_©NIST
DUSTR1AL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
3LEVENTH YEAR.  No. 34
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22,1919
(v.^r."o.) $1.50 PER YEAR
|Will Send a Delegate to
Trades  Congress
Convention
TO
or* of Progress  Is
Made by Organizer .
Farmilo .
Tke Meting of the A. F. of L.
Tradea aad Labor Couneil held iii
thar Labor Temple Thursday sight
waa called to order by Organizer
Vanailo, who stated that iu eo far
aa the Plumbers had uot yet had aa
rrtuaity to appoint delegates to
aew council, that the meeting
woald have to elect a chairman in
place of Pred Welsh, who acted aa
chairman at the lut meeting.
Del. Sully of the Machinists and
Del. Showier of the Teamsters wero
nominatod. Del, Sully declined iu
frvec et Del. Showier. '
Credentials were received from
tkt following anions and the delegates were obligated by Organiaer
Farmilo: Journeymen Barbers,
Btate Employoes, Teamsters and
Chauffeurs, Milk Wagon Drivers
aad Dairy Employees, Boilermakers
No. IM, Machinists Nos. 692 and
111, Musicians, Hotel and Bestaurant Employees, Bookbinders, Moat
Cutters and Butcher Workmen,
Steam and Operating Engineers 620,
Progressive Home Workers'Leaguo.
The Boot aad Skoe Workors' Union,
had elected delegates but kad aot
■eat in credentials.
Organiser Farmilo reportod that a
circular letter had been sent to all
local unions and that practically all
organisations with the exception of
theee who wore definitely 0. B. U.
had withdrawn from the old council; that the Postal Workers wore
taking a referendum vote on the
matter ef affiliation; that'the Longshoremen's Association had withdrawn frota the old couneil but had
aot yet been asked to join with the
aew council; that tho Btreet Bail*
way-men had the subject bofore the
Membership; that the Steam and
Operating Engineers had reorgnn*
iaed under ita old chartor, and that
the results obtained ia the past
three weehs by the aew council
gave geaeral encouragement to go
ahead as if nothing had happened,
aad urged that all delegates put
forth Aeir beat efforts to promote
tho welfare af the council and the
Mor movement as a whole.
Del. Hanson of the Moving Picture
Operators reported that a now wage
scale-calling for aa incrcaso of 410
aer week, to go into effect September 1, had been presented to' the
employers, and ia so far aa the
anion had an 100 per eent. organisation, that ao trouble was ezpeetcd
la obtaining the increase.
DeL HeeKenzie of the Hotel and
Bestaurant Employees' Union read
a letter from a woman whoso dough-
tar had been working at the Bungalow Cafo for »10 per week. Tho
seeretary was instructed to bring
the matter to the attention of the
Minimum Wage Board.
A delegate from the dairy em-
iloyees informed tho couneil that
iii organisation waa working in eon-
jaaetioa witk the Moving Picture
Operators for ah increase in wages
ruling from $7.60 to $10 per
week. He also drew the attention
af tha delegates to the aetion of
actors ia tho East having organised,
aad who ware now on strike and obtaining the support af tke other
theatrical unions.
Del. McVety of the Machinists 692
stated that hia organisation was expecting an early settlement on the
matter of wagea of railroad workers, sow in the hands of the Canadian Biihray Board. The union had
over 300 membera and all theae were
working, aud the union was not falling over itaelf to take back the
■embers who had broken away and
a-ho were now trying to get back.
Del. Cory of tho Boot and Shoe
Workers' Union stated that his organisation had just concluded a
■ateeasful agreement for an inerease of from 10 to M per cent, in
wages, and that a big offort was now
going to be made to organiie all
shoe repairers.
Organiser ."armillo informed the
Muncil that the Blacksmiths were
joing to hold a meoting on Friday
light for the purpose of carrying on
tader the old charter.
The constitution committee report-
id progress aad was of the opinion
Compensation Act of N.
Dakota Is Attacked-
by Employers
Already tho now North Dakota _.»«_■ _•
Workmen'a Compensation Act has        IRCIH nf Ml. JUSQCe
beon attacked in the courts. _—- ~*l-r -*?*~ .'-_-__
Whenever the workers'". See 1» "•Broil
plaeing on the atatute boo)****,,** lAtrtOT _______
benefit to tho common p
BAIL IS
STM
ATTEB-
Full Report of the Judg-
employing class, the big interests try
to have the court declare the law unconstitutional. August 1, oae moath
after the law went into effect, a auit
was lied by a well-known corporation lawyer againat the state ism-ranee aet
The constitutionality of the bill
will be settled September S by tho
atate supreme court, whioh hu issued ar order directing the Workmen's Compensation Bureau to appear and show cause why an injunction ahould aot ba granted the employen,
For many years the workers of
North Dakota, organized and unorganised, kave desired a workmen'a
compensation aot. The Federation
of Labor had demanded* it from the
politicians in control of tke Legislature ever .since it was organized. But
it was not until 1919 that suck an
act was passed. It was not until the
Legislature was in the control of the
farmers—who orgaaiaed the Nonpartisan League, tired of the big business politicians and threw thom out
—thot tho bill wu placed on tho
law books. It vu introduced in,tho
House of Representatives by a union
miner who had been elected by the
workers.
John B, Andrews, secretary of the
National Association for Labor Legislation, says of it:
"North Dakota hu today the best
compensation law anywhere in the
world."
Andrew Furuseth, prosidcnt of thc
International.Scnmens Union, atates:
"I Ind that the disability compensation act passod in North Dakota is
the best that hu been passed in any
atate. I know, in faot. of none bettor."
ran
hh-wiki Have
Military Force to
|       Contend With
| It begins to look more and more u
If the destiny of tke Bussian peoplo
[woald kave to be worked out by
jJepan. Kolehaek hu lost Ufa, Perm
laid Ekateringburg la quick succession. Into the American papors is
beginning to ereos a suspicion that
hli entire campaign was a presl
agency take. In the south, of course.
thore la Denikin—commander of
those Cossacks who have ridden
roughshod over the Bussiau peasants
—bat a maa now to popular witk
the poople that the women of Kharkov (according to Dr. Harold Williams of the Times) press forward,
"weeping with joy," to hits the
mud guards of his machine. Howover, Denikin himself seems slowing
ap. What kt left! Japan. Bumon
aame that aew thousands of Jafaaew
hoom aro eatoriag Siberia,
London, Ont.*—After a several
days' strike, theatrical managers
have signed the new agreement of
their organised musicians.
I FARMER IS
10
Farmer Receives $9 for
Wheat —Bread
Costs $34
Washington—At a senate committee hearing on the high cost of living, E. A. Calvin, cotton authority,
showed by illustrations that the farmer is not to blame for present
prices. Mr. Calvin said the farmor
received about If* for the wheat that
;oes into a barrel of lour, whieh ihe
taker turns into $32 and 134 worth
of bread. He showed six yards of
gingham cloth for which he paid
14.50, adding that the weight was 19
ounces and that some cotton grower
received 2514 eents for the cotton
therein contained. He exhibited
other cotton products, and pointed
out that although the prices charged
in the stores for these articlea were
exorbitant, the farmers' share is infinitesimal.
that tho 1917 constitution of the
council with one change woald in all
probability be recommended. Tho
one change was an .addition tot Art.
Sec. 2, to unseat dolegates who
advocated secession from the or*
ganization.
The following nominations wero
made for tho various offices. Nominations and election will be eon-
eluded at the next meeting.
For president: Dels. Olson, Boil-
crmakors; Poole, Teamsters; Sully,
Machinists, Hanson, Stage Employees. Dol. McVety and Shewler
were nominated but declined.
For vice-president: Del. Herrett,
Barbers; Pitman, Stage Employees.
General secretary: Del- Webb,
Barbers; Del. MruiKcnzie, Hotel and
Bestaurant Employees. Dels. Gutteridge and Cory wore nominated but
declined.
Treuorer: Del. Barnes, Bakery
Salesmen; Del. McVety, Machinists.
Sergeant-at-arms: Del, Sully, Machinists; Pearson, Stago Employeea.
Dels. Olson and Simonds of the
Boilermakers .were nominated, bat
declined.
Trustees (four to be elected):
Del. Showier, Teamsters; Cory, Boot
kad Skoe Workon; Olson, Boilermakers, Busscll and Potter, Steam
and operating Engineers; Mowat,
Bookbinders.
Del. Gutteridge (acting aeeretary
suggested tkat a committee should
be appointed to look into tke subject and advise tko couneil en the
matter of the Induetrial Commission
which is to meet at Ottawa. The
suggestion wu adopted and Dels.
Dusaell, Hanson and Gutteridge
were appointed,
Organiser Farmilo pointed out the
necessity of having delegates at the
Dominion Trades Congress at Hamilton on September 21, The auggos*
tion was adoptod and the Industrial
Commission committee wu instructed to devise ways and means of financing the sending of one delegate.
Del, McVety wu nominated aad
declined, but after being urged by
several delegatea reconsidered bu
decision.
Del. Gutteridgo blamed the split
in the ranks of organization oh the
apathy of many of the delegates to
tho old coundl and hoped that the
delegates to the aew counoll would
put more enthusium lato the work
that wu before them.
Tko conncil adjourned to meet on
tke Int Tuesday in September,
G. J. McMurray, Defense
Counsel, Has Issued
a Statement
On application for bail for tke
eight strike leadera before Mr. Justice Cameron after they had beea
committed for trial, bail wu refined. The judgment follows:
Finding of Justico Cameron
BEX t. BUSSELL et al
Cameron, J. A.
"The accused are charged for that
they did in the yeara 1917,1918 and
1919, conspire and agree with one
ther, and with other persons to
this informant unknown, to carry into execution a seditious intention, to
wit:' To bring into hatred and contempt and to excite disaffection
against the government and consti*
tutlon of the Dominion of Canada
and the government of the Province
of Manitoba and the administration
of justice, and also to raise discontent and disaffection against His
Majesty's subjects and to promoto
feelings of ill-will snd hostility botwoen different classes of such subjects, and were thereby guilty, of a
seditious conspiracy."
. After taking evidence at length at
the preliminary hearing the polico
magistrate committed tho accused
for trial. An application is now
made to me for au order to admit
them to bail.
By Sec. 11 of the Criminal Code
the distinction between felony and
misdemeanor is abolished "and proceedings in respect of all indictable
offenses . . . shall be conducted
in the same manner." By See. 698,
"In ea-te of any offense . . .
whero the accused hu been finally
committed . . . any judge of
any superior or county court having
jurisdiction . . . may, in his discretion, on application made to him
for that purpose, order the accused
to be admitted to bail, otc.
It ia contended that in this case
tho charge is one of felony and not
of misdemeanor and that, therefore, the accused are entitled to bail
as of right. The argument is buod
on the judgment in B. V. Fortier, 6
Can. Cr. Cat. 191, where Mr. Justice Wurtele held that' as respects
indictable offenses wkick were felonies before tke enacting of tke Code
it it within the discretion of tke
judge to allow or refuse the appli
cation for bail, while, with respoct
to indictable offenses, whieh were
formerly misdemeanors, bail must
bo allowed as the accused ia entitled
to it as a matter of right. On the
argument before Mr. Justice Wur
(Continued on page 8)
A GREAT DAY
Joint Picnic and Sports at
Mahon Park Great
Last Saturday the Plumbers and
Sheet Metal Workers held a joint
Picnic at Mahon Park, North Vancouver. Sports were Indulged ln,
and the day's outing waa considered one of tbe best In the annals
of organized labor in this vicinity.
Great credit is due to tbe committee for the excellent arrangements
made, not a single hitch occurring
in the course ot the day. The win*
ners in tht various sporting events
are as follows:
Boys under seven—T. nines, L.
Warburton, J. Cowling. Glrla under
seven—Mary Delsney, Katie Stewart, Grace Busu. Boys aider 14—
T. Warburton, D. Bell, U Hunt.
Glrla under 14—M. Sinclair, W.
Newton, M. Peterson. Steamfltters'
race, 100 yards—J. Dillabough, R.
Craig, W. Bobertson. Ladles-members' wives—Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs.
Lyall, Mrs. Wheatiet Plumbers,
110 yards-J. Thomu, F. W. Welsh,
C. Warburton. Helpers, 190 yards
—W. Simpson, M. Barr, S. Thompson. Sheet Metal Workers, 190
yards—O. Henderson, C. Caird, R.
Hannah. One mile relay—1st team,
Thomaa, Mtlller, Cocker, Caird; lad
teem, Galley, Jean, Caalan, Crow-
ther. Fat ladles* race—Mrs. Wayne,
Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Column. Hop
skip aad jump—Hannah, Craig, Cor-
eker. Three legged race—Hannah-
Correker, Simpson-Benta*. Fat
man's raoe—A. Crawford, T. Stin-
son, J. Bruce. One mile—Baeford,
Vandervusen, Craig. Long jump
—Conlon, Hannah, Henderson. 50
yards ladies—L. Gamut, E. Bell, A.
Davis. IM yards open raee—Conlon, Barr, Cummlngs. Members ever 4A—Mitchell, Warburton, Milller.
Committee men's race—Robertson.
Welsh, Crawford. 449 open—Enne-
ford, Provan, Barr. Tug of war-
Calms' team.
Gold medal, for sports champion,
was won by P. Conlon with s|x
points.
The prises offered for the various
events were valued at over three
hundred dollars.
Betail Clerks
The Betail dorks' Association
haa decided to retain affiliation with
the A. F. of L. and hu voted to
withdraw iti delegates from tke
Vancouver Tradea and Labor
Council. The organisation ku
gone on record u favoring a
minimum wage of |25 per week for
men and ku alao voieed its obkss-
tlon to the minimum wage tor
women and favors a much higher
ntdaimsn.
OF
IS FOE
£
Suppresses Discussion on
State Affairs—Shoots
the Officials
The ninth general meeting of
delegates of Zakupebyt, the -eon.
lumen' organisation of Siberia,
which recently assembled at Novo-
Mikolaievsk, had On its order of
business, among otker matten, a
iliseussioa on "Tke Relations Be-
twees Co-operation aad the
State," tts subject of a paper
sekedalod te be read. A corporal
aad a file ef aimed soldiers appeared at tke meeting, however, in time
to luppress thli feature ef the programme, Kolchak being averse to
any such discussion.
W. Waiaky, well known u a
writer on soeial and economic questions, a young man of great value to
tke Cooperative Movoment, known
in the English-speaking world
tkrougk kis articles ia" Tke Bussian Co-operator," wu takea out Of
prison at Omsk, driven, outside of
tke tows and akot by the officers of
Kolchak.
N. V. Fomin, a member of the
board of the Zakupebyt, and a man
kigkly esteemed by his fellow Co-
operators, was taken from prison
and executed at Omsk, by the Kolchak "government," presumably at
tbe same timo as Maasky.
This information is contained in
the May number of. "The Russian
Co-operator."
All EMPRESS
To Speak on World Questions from Working
*    Class Viewpoint •
i. Kavanagh will be on tbe platform at thc Empress next Sunday,
and ahould W. W. Lefeaux arrive
beck f rom Winnipeg in time for-the
meeting, he will also take part in it
■ Workers of Vancouver, you would
do well to attend the Empress oa
Sunday evening. A situation is developing throughout the civilized
world, which if not understood, aad
dealt with, will bring about a grave
social eatutrophe. Leading finanoial men and capitalists realise this
danger, but by reason of their social
pbsition ean do but very little to
aV()rt it. The working class must
est on ita own bekalf, but to aet in
an intelligent manner, required on
their part, a clear understanding of
the, position they occupy in the soeial
ayatem under which tbey exist.
. Come to the Empress and learn
now to do your bit for your own
clus. Meeting begins at I p. m,
Questions and discussion.
Mackenzie King, the new Liberal
Parly's leader, is a pretty slick customer, so slick in fact that kis services were secured by tke Rockefeller Foundation .to. camouflage tke
division between capital and labor.
The Rockefeller "labor union" ku
since gone "bust" and hia services
dispensed with.
SEVENTY PER CENT
Real  Wages  Have  Decreased Over Those of
Pre-War Days
The following article came In
over the press wires this week, but
for reasons understood it did not
appear ln the dally papers ot Vancouver: \
"Cost of living for American
wage earners, wu 71 per cent, high-
er tn July, 1919, than at the outbreak of the world war In July,
1914, according to a preliminary
statement issued by the national
industrial conference board, on the
basis ot a careful survey of conditions the country over. Thla represents an advance of 12 per cent
since June, 1918.
"The total Increase for the flve
years' period since the beginning o:
the war in the average coet of each
of the principal Items entering Into
the family budget was: All Hems,
70.8 per cent.; food, 85 per Cent.;,
shelter, 28 per cent; clothing, 100
per cent; fuel, heat and light, 57
per cent; sundries, 13 per cent"
Did Vou Oet the Raiw
Thislncrease should not affect the
workers If there Is any truth in the
statement that Increased prices follow Increased wages. But there
does not appear* to be any truth to
the statement when worked out ti
actual figures. The above figure*
are governmental and can be applied to the workers, of both the
United Statea and Canada. It these
figures are applied to wages It
would mean that workers who received a 130 per week wage in 1914
should be receiving a wage of $51.
30 per week at this time.
This Increase has not been obtained by any workers that ara
known of, hence lt goes without
saying that the workers, are thr
worse off today than they were
prior to the war.
Help Yourselves
The Co-operative movement offers an opening to bring down the
cost of living to a more equitable
basis with wages. But it must bs
borne in mind that only co-operators will benefit by the co-operative*] a
movoment, hence the sooner the
workers get behind the proposed
Vancouver Co-op the quicker will
some meaaure of relief be obtained,
It Is only by co-operation that big
business has managed to force up
the price of commodities, and ae
long as tbe workers patronise the
big buslnesi element when they can
eailly organize their own producing
aid distributing agencies, so long
will there be that wide margin of
proflti for the pockets ot merchants
and manufaeturers. Cooperation
la simply a proposition of self help
and as consumers the great mass
of humanity hu a power In their
handi that If wielded intelligently,
can change the whole fabric of the
present profit system.
The Vancouver Co-operative Society Is making splendid progress.
The membership Is growing fast
and there Is every Indication of
having a fully paid up membership
of 1000 In September. Those who
are now members are urged to Interest their neighbors In tke proposition aid to turn in the lames
aid addresses to the secretary, H.
W. Watts, 405 Dunsmuir Street. *
Meat Cutters and Butchers
The Meat Cutters and Buteher
Workmen's Union at its meeting on
Tuesday evening decided to retain
its affiliation witk the A. F. ef L.
Buainess Agent Anderson wishes to
remind the membership that now
that tke apex of the hot weather has
been passed that a little more attention ahould be given to the local
anion meetings. Tho union's business is your business.
Boot ud Shoe Worken
The Boot and Shoe Workers'
Union continues to make fairly
good progress with organization of
the workers employed at this trade.
The local has elected delegates to
attond the new Trades and Labor
Council of V-tncouver.
Inert Is reported to be a shortage of alarm slocks in Vanoouver.
This will give tke slaves an excuse
for being late at tke factory.
E
.B.U.
WiU Celebrate Amalgamation by Whist Drive
aiid Dance
Delegates   Escorted   Off
the Job by Provincial
'.,.' Police
All men on strike at Capilano
Tbobor Co.'s camps. This company
has always discriminated against
fy member who took on the job
delegate, it was never possible
get literature in to tbe camp hut
tie work of organization hu gone
on a*d when on Wednesday the
two delegates called a meeting and
w*ro immediately flred, besides be-
aacorted off the premlsea by
provincial police, at the request
"" employers, ot course the men
.lately decided that a demand
e for their reinstatement,
•being refused the question of
"te was put up and solidly sup-
, every man coming out, including engineers, piledrivers and
boom men,
There Is also a strike at lapan
togging camps, Jackson Bay. The
demands being a straight 8-hour
day, camp to camp, and other camp
conditions.
The boys are actively picketing
Mb Merrill Ring and Moore Camp
t, Duncan Bay.
-The men at Hedley are demand*
a 50 cents raise and bave given
company forty-eight hours to
« through.
Ida Copper Corporation jobs
Allenby and Copper Mountain ln
Princeton district still oo the
^talr list
-'Are the conditions In your camp
•hat they should he, If not wby
inf. 1 Whose fault Is itt Some
-ships report first class conditions
ind in that camp you can be sure
,Sere is a good live bunch of Union
fn. Sentiment doesn't operate in
dcrn buainess. The man who
Mas ble buainess on sentiment gets
It in the neck. The camp in which
tlie question ot good conditions Is
left to the bosses' good nature and
feelings of justice hu tbe worst
conditions. Good organisation is
business properly conducted; you
cannot have a bum delegate and a
weak-kneed crew and expect good
results. Many a good delegate hu
harder job whipping his own men
Into line thsn he hu ln handling
" ) boss. But In a camp where
Ire Is a crew of real live Union
mln you are sure to have a good
delegate, for the men wouldn't
-rMnd for any other kind.
Have the schedules of camp conditions been put up tt> the boss In
your camp, If not, why not?   He
wo*h't ask for them If you don't present them.   And when you hand
them In are you there with the
Is to back them?  Is your camp
ly organized, If not, wby not?
you receive your mail?   Tbere
hive been over twenty parcels of
literature returned this week from
IPs where the delegates had left
■out making arrangements for
ie one to take their place and
live mall.   To every camp pap-
_ are sent-regularly   once   and
sdtaetlmos twice a week.   If yqu
Hill receive It flnd out why. There
Is a penalty of live years Imprison
-Wilt for anyone who illegally de-
sfreys another persons mall.
0. B. U. buttons can be purchased
at headquarters 35 cents each or
by mall 40 cents.
Take notice that owing to the
number ot changes of address of
Which we have not been notified,
and the consequent inability to deliver the Feds which are sent out
singly, unless you notify this offlce
Within the next two weeks Mat you
are desirous of having the paper
sent to the present address, and
also unless your dues are paid up
to date, your name will be struck
off the mailing list This applies
to single copies only.
Camp delegates who have not a
copy of tbe Workmen's Compensation Act, the Health Regulations
and the First Aid Kit requirements,
should notify headquarters. If the
requirements ot the Acts are not
being enforced you should notify
ihe provincial authorities and also
headquarters, but state facts, not
exaggerations. Delegates should
check np the receipts of all members ln camp and see that dues ore
all paid up to date, and kept paid
np. In fact the members ihould
pay six months ahead, lt
foster work for all concerned.
Elected Officers at First
Meeting Since the
Amalgamation
At the regular business meeting of
tho Enginoers and Mill Workers last
Monday, it wu decided, upon request from members of the Mill
Workers, to retain tke officers that
had been elected by the Engineers
previoui to the amalgamation until
after the eonvention of tho 0. B. U.,
which ia to take place next October,
u tke MHl Workera considered the
preseit officera were the most capable that eould be elected at present.
It wu, however, decided to enlarge the present executivo board
by adding thereto throe members of
the Mill Workers. Bro. L. C. Teeple
WM elected 2nd vice-president, and
A. Van Buy ven and A. La Bute were
elected as auditors.'
Tke executive board intend getting down to business immediately
and outlining a general policy of organization work.
In spite of the faet that thousands
of workers in this Provinee are unemployed, and many of them are returned soldiers, some mill owners are
already lengthening the work -day
and reducing wages. Seeing that
the Mill Workers u a wkolo are the
poorest paid of any industrial workers in this Provinee, it is certainly
time they organised industrially in
order tbat tbey may be in a position
to light for at leut a living wage
and a standard workday.
It is the intention of the present
members to carry on ao extensive
educational aud organisation campaign, and they expect by next
spring to have an organization built
up that will .enable its members to
enforco a uniform workday and a
living wage for mill workors
throughout the Province. All members are requested to give the or*
ganization .a boost by securing at
least one more member each before*
thc end of tho present month.
Thc entertainment committee that
hu the whist drive, soeial and danco
in hand that is to be hold In room
403, Labor Temple, on Labor Day,
Monday, September 1, wu enlarged
by adding Bro. B. Petrie, W. Cornwall, A. Van Ruyvcn and A. La Bate
to the committee. It is expected
that this committee will. stage 1
splendid programmo for that even*
ing, and any member of organizod
labor -desiring to put in a pleasant
evening should mak earrangements
to bo present.
Tickets can be obtained from tho
committee or from Secrotary W. A.
Alexander at the head office, 816 La*
bor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
?
British Rule in India Is
Being Upheld with
Strong Arm
[By Dr. N. S. Hardiker]
Following tke recent disturbances
in India u a result of tke passage
of the Boylatt Act'of Coercion, tke
government proceeded to enforce
law and order by mercilessly arresting and punishing all offenders.
Many innocent men were arrested,
their houses searched, and tbeir
property forfeited.
The utual number of sentences
and punishments hu been published
recently in Keaari, a vernacular
paper of Poena, India. The June
24th issue gives the number of trials
from the beginning of May to June
20th, as S90. Out of this number
172 were acquitted, and 424 punished. Of the number punished 17
tier eent. (73) were' sentenced to
death; 34.5 por eent (147) were
transported for terms ranging from
10 years to lifo transportation; 48.9
per eent. (204) were sentenced to
rigorous imprisonment, ranging from
six months to 14 years. Besides a
number of prominent citizons were
flogged in public, receiving from 16
to 30 stripes.
The editors of many papers were
forced to pay security, their first deposits with thc government having
been forfeited- About 28 papers
were either snppresscd or made to
pay additional security, the govern*
meat resrving tho right to suppress
theso and to declare their security
forfeited, at its pleasure. Sums
ranging from Bs. 2000 to Bs. 10,000
(about $4000) were paid as security.
The editor of the Bombay Chronicle, Mr. B. G. Horniman, an Englishman, was deported to England,
and his paper forced to pay additional security of Bs. 5000 upon renewal of publication. The government decision to censor tho news of
the paper forced the directors to
adopt a policy of withholding all
editorial criticism, and publishing
only the news of the dsy. For publishing "harmless stuff" another
paper was made to pay Bs. 2000
($800), So rigorous was the enforcement of the Press Aet in the Jun-
jab that most of the native papers
throughout the province stopped
publication.
DESIRE TO HAVE
MASS MEETING
OF
Trades Council Dissatisfied With Treatment
of Workers on Trial
E
ATTACK HIES
Wounded Men Are Beaten
Up by the Parisian
Police
The following, taken from a
French pap»_r, will givo one an idea
of what is likely to happen to the
Canadians who fought for democracy should they not abiJo by the
rulings of the' robber class. Tho
"red coats" are hero for a purpose.
July 14 was a day of reporting in
Paris. The city celcbratctd independence and at the same timo acclaimed victory. The Federation of War
Veterans decided to havo a parade
of the "rautiles" (wounded) go to
thc cemetery and place a wreath in
memory of their dead comrades.
Le Populairo, describing what follows, heads its story ''While tho
troops march, the polico attack the
rautiles," The rendezvous of tho
wounded soldiers was surrounded by
police. Nevertheless, the men came
together, formed their linos, and began to march. Immediately they
wero uttacked by the police armed
with sabres and revolvers. The police neither spared tbe wounded uor
the bystanders. Many women were
hurt by them.
Adjutant Pillon, who has nine
palms, eight citations, and who has
been proposed for the Logion of
Honor, stepped from a taxi near tho
assembly point. He was set upon by
the police, struck down, and savagely beaten.
One officer, who had been struck by
a policeman, pointed to his "croix
do guerre," exclaiming, "Btrike
thore.   I earned that,"
Many of tbo "mutiles" were seriously wounded. They camo, dishevelled, bloody, to the Socialist Party
offices and told thcir story. Their
banners wore destroyed. The flowers, intended for their dead comrades, were trampled to pieces,
Tbe Populaire of July 17 carries
a cartoon, representing a police officer striking down a one-armed poilu
with the remark: "Why are you
whiningf   Tou aro no general!"'
Toronto—The eyes of contracting
tcutnaters hove been opened by tho
solidarity of thcir drivers, who stood
togothor for tevernl weeks to improve conditions. Tho employers
have ended the striko by raising
wage* $10 a month, shortened hour.*
and agree to pity time and onc-hnlf
for overtime. The employers' losses
have been enormous, und it is whispered that some of them have declared that tho old plan of refusing
to meet their employee* haa beon
abandoned.
Kolchak continues to rotroat.
Tom Richardson Will Deal
With Bi; Question
at Columbia
From every source of Old Coun*
try news at present it is clear that
the foremost question in the labor
movement ia the problem created by
the demands of the miners for the
nationalization of the eoal mines.
Tha Lloyd Oeorge government is
side-stepping daily and appears to
be between Seylla and Charibdas—
theirs is the choico between the
roeks and tho whirlpool. Labor
speaks with no uncertain voice,
while all the forces of Tory reaction
which are the dominant forces in
the present government, threaten an
immediate break if the government (as they term it) "weakeus."
Being a miner himself and truly
representative of that section of
British Labor, besides being a personal and close friend not only of
"Bob" Smillie but of all the leaders in the old land, there is no one
more competent to deal with thiB
-question than next Sunday oven*
ing's speaker at the meeting of the
Federated Labor Party. Tbe subject is "The British Miners and tbe
Oovernment."
The .chair will be occupied by
Mrs. Hi O. Taylor, Meeting begins
as usual with recital by Mr. Julian
Haywood, whose contributions are
receiving increasing appreciation.
Labor Party Football Team
With the approach of the "open
season" for soccer it has been mooted among Urn "physical" athletes
of the Party lhat a team of leather
chasers should bc raised. There is
no suggestion so far as to tho prut.,
ablo color of tbeir jerseys, but it
is intended to hold a meoting next
Thursday evening (August _8) at
tho Party rooms, C10 Dominion
Building, when thoso mombers interested will have un opportunity of
discustiing the wholo quostion.
The history of the Junior Lubor
League for the past months is mainly ono of swimming, boating, mountain-climbing and other outdoor
features. The youngsters arc going
strong and when the Lnbor School
reopens the proceedings will not hick
vim so fur as tbo league mombors
aro concerned.
J. Kavanagh Retires fron
Secretaryship and J.
Woods Is Elected
Last night 'a meeting of the Tu-
couver Trados ud Labor Condi
wot marked by tho automatic resignation ot Secretary Kavanagh, aa a
result of tho withdrawal from tke
council of tho Longshoremen. When
the 'socretary read the lettor announcing the withdrawal of tkt
waterfront workers, be also read a
letter that he had sent in reply,
stating that the organisations aaw
reversing their decision on tho
O. B. U. question wero hiding in
sending to gaol tho men who won
arrested becauso of their activities.
A letter was read from the automobile mechanics' local of the Machinists of Seattle, staing that then
was a strike on, and asking worken
tb keep away.
Boconuneml Protect Meeting |
A recommendation from the exocutive to the dofenso committee
asking that a mass meeting of protest against the strike leaders being held without bail, and all organizations to be asked to take pert,
was adopted.
Secrotary Kavanagh roported that
the organization of tho. factory
workers had been commenced, ai
was the organization of workers engaged in food distribution, ete. He
stated that there was every pros-,
pect of these workers being -.tell 'organized iu tho near future. Referring to the withdrawal of tho Longshoremen from the council, he
stated thnt when the referendum
was taken on thc formation of tke
O. B. U. that 20,000 had voted in
favor, and 0000 against, and had it
not been* for tbis vote, no further
convention would have been held,
and the O. B. D. not formed. He
also stated that the vote referred; te
did not.include the Winnipeg vote,
and that certau men who were under indictment, wero arretted fee
thcir activities before the O. B. U.
was formed, and that the employen
nnd the international union officials
had done everything to put those
men over tho road. He stated that
international Officers had attempted
to make the strike into a rovolution,
and that those organizations that
had voted for the O. B. V. and wen
now reversing tbeir position, wen
guilty of the dirtiest double crossing
that had ever been seen in the labor
movement. Ho also stated that while
tho employing class could curtail
tho activities of the worken, tkey
could cot curtail their thoughts and
brains. He also, in view of his re- .
tiring from the position of secretary,
gavo a detailed statoment of all
monies that had been received by
the council for relief and atrihe
funds. In conclusion, ho stated tkat
whilo he was retiring as secretary
he did not intend to ttop working
for tho movement.
Del. Midgley, reporting for tke
defense committee, reported tkat
A. s. Wells had undertaken tke
duties of secretary of this committee.
Status of O. B. V.
Reporting on the O. B. U., Del.
Midgley stated that ho had wired te
the Minister of Justice asking if tke
press reports as to the O. B. U. being declared an illegal organization,
wero correct, but had received no
reply. Referring to the report appearing in the World's report ef kit
statements on the Russian caaea in
the city, in which he had been roported as statin*-; that the Mounted
Police wero manufacturing evidence,
lie stated that he had not made sueh
statements, and had called the attention of the World to this faet,
but that no retraction had been
made.
Thc organization committee reported that the work was still being
continued, and that more assistance
was neoded.
The postal workers reported dis*
satisfaction with tho treatment of
their ruse by the government, and
staled thai Instead of an Increase
lho nouns proposal would result io
ileereaso.
The Longshoremen reported that
they lnu! secured tin increase in
wuges, a lint rato foV all waterfront
(Continued on pago 8)
An Industrial Empire
Seventeen yenrs ngo tlie United
States Steel Corporation wns orgnui*
tod. In its first ycur it was capital!*
zod at ♦1,383,000,000. Since thnt
time thc capitalization hns boon in
cr'ctisccl to $1,451,000,000. The report of tho corporation for 1918
shows that it owns 124 Most furnaces; 334 open hearth furnnccs; 38
Bessemer convertors; 313 stenmers
and barges; 81,11911 cars; 1421 locomotives; 3721 miles of ruilway and
1,000,000,000 tons of iron ore.
Tho surplus carried by the corporation rcfloets the same prosperity.
Up to 1007 the surplus was less thiin
$100,000,000. Until 11116 il remained
under Jz00,000,no0. In 1918 the total surplus earriod by tho corporation wns $1(17,000,000.
Plumbers' Agreement
J. W. Bruce, internnlionnl representative for tho Plumbers and
Stcnmlitters' Union, who is in the
ity on behalf of the locnl union, expects tin early and favorable settlement of the new wuge agreement,
which calls for a dollar nn hour and
en eight hour day.
BIG MEETING AT
.31
Labor Sunday WiU Occasion Big Gathering
in the North
Labor in thc northern city ot
Princo Rupert ia still carrying on
activo work. On Labor Sunday,
August III, a mass mooting is to ba
held in the Westhotmo Theatre, for
tho purpose of dealing with working
cfuHH problems. A. 6. Wolls, SMt*
tary of the British Columbia Feder
ation of Labor, is to be tho principal
speaker. The chair ts to lie taken at
8 p.m. prompt, and a record crowd ii
expected, as tho issues before the
workers today are of snch magnitude and tm port ;iH co that |nU»r ii
taking more interest thnn ovor in
tb North.
Shipwrights and Caulkers' Union
18011 at its meeting ou Tuesday evening decided to withdraw itt dele
gntcs from the old Trades nnd L&boi
Council, PAGE TWO
I Men's $25, $30, $35
Odd Suits
i1
eleventh tba». No. at    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, _. a.
AUGUST
CLEAN-UP
$15
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
raoAT..
S2>
Shrieks at Union Shop
Charleston, W. Ta. — Organized
coal minors in thc New River Jield,
who have just secured a union-shop
ennl rant, are laughing at the shriek*
of the West Virginia Mining News,
whieh demands "the abolition of the
closed shop."
"Did we not send 2,000,000 fighting Americans td Europe last year
to make the world safe for demog-
ra-cyf"  this editor  howls.    "Does
not our constitution guarantee evory
mau security in his person and property f Ayo, aye, but yonder in our
national capital, sworn to uphold the
constitution and execute thc laws, is
i group of mon seeking, with the
administrative machinery placed in
their hands by the people of the
country, to fasten unionism upon the
country."
The editor bristles with feathers
and war paint and colls on business
men to unite against trado unionism;
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
■oaoeaar  alFAancun
.S.«d*Hl Raiiini, packet  ltt
Vcy't Coe**., 2 for ,—-. —tta
Kehoe Billing Powder, 1-lb. tin. -Oo
R.i-1-.ftr'a Cnsm B-mI-m, lute. pkt. 26.
Pink Sslinon, lirse tins  95e
8Ji--.il A-whit*. Bseon    lb.
Sliced  Streikf Bscon, lb. _.
Sliced Boneless Roll, lb.
...60c
...S5c
...450
 t—n——__-
Fin.it  Kitchen   Salt    ref.
tor 25c, Ssturd.y onlr,
18 lbi. lor 	
e lbs.
25e*
Finest Beet Dripping, lb.
\mm a bAdo« smikL ■
You can't afford to mlu. On
Saturday morning from 8 to 11
•'tlock, we will sell . Sugar-
Cured Streaky Bacon      _____h
for, lb. ._ „ **w*
Limit 2 lbs. 	
Fineit Macaroni, 2 for ._.
Rolled  Oata,  6H>.  saoks  .
B.   snd K.  Kollod  OaU,
fur „ „	
B.   ind   X.   Wkeatletf,
for 	
5-lb.
sacks
... B5C
sicks
....468
Alberta Fresh Kgfl, doien ._., 60c
Alberts Fresh Eggs, dosen . 65c
Finest Canadian Cheese, lb ....S8c
Finest Creamery Butter, S lbs. ..|1.76
Finest Dsiir Botter, lb  ..49e
I BOVELES8 BOLL HAH SPECIAL
—mm whi._ mm—
SPECIAL
Reg. 3 lbs. for 25c. _____**
gatartar. 4 lbs, for        *
| Finest     Sugar   .Cured
Rolls, rig. SOc lb.,
8-sturdsr, lb	
Boneless
Clsrk's Pork ud Bwns, I {or .
Or«m ol Wkest  ..._.._...
Jellioi.'ftll fllToro, 9 lor — SOe
Vinegar, Isrgo bottles —- IBs
Slstar's Rod Lsbsl Tea  lie
 IINWUL
Nibob Tes, ref. 55c lb„
Saturday onlr, lb. ....
Limit 3 lbe.	
51*
FBBSH HEAT DBPABTMEMI
riaest Bolltsf Beef, from, lb l-l/,e
Finest Pot Bositi, from, lb 12yjc
Finest Rolled Oven Roasts, lb. ....25c
Finest Ores Roasts   trom, lb 17c
Fineat Local Lamb, lets, lb SSe
Fineat Loesl Lamb, loin*, lb._..2S>-_e
Fineat   Local   Lamb,   shoulders,   per
lb    a Vie
Finest Loesl Lamb Stew, tb 25c
Finest Legs ot Vesl, Ib.  21e
Finest Loins nt Veal  .«lc
Finest Shoulders ol Veal,  lb 20c
Peanut  Butler,   lb - _ .—I
Baking Powder.  12-01.  ttna for..l6e
far-tines,  8 for  _ 36e
Bird's Custnrd Powder, 1 for Ste
JTet
[__,
Yat sboull always Usk (or tbo I
goeenimaot sump. I
All rat-of-to-m orders clipped et abora prices
THREE BIG STORES
l» HAI-moa ITSEBT EAST
■SO OIAVTI—I! STREET -
3M0 HAI* 8TXEZI     -     .     .
Phone aer.
Phons Sep.
Phone PUr.
SMI
SM
leas
UNION +*>. OFFICES
Tbii Official Lilt of Vincouver Allied Printing Offices
CAM SUPPLY TO.   WITB IBS .ALLIED  PEMTOJQ TRADES TOIOW
BLOCHBKRGER, F. R., 319 Broadway last..
BRAND,' W., 629 Pender Street West.	
B. C. PRINTING * LITHO. CO., SMjrths and Homer.......	
CLARK Ir STUART. 830 Seymour Stmt  '.......
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Templt Building...	
DUNSMUIR PRINTING  CO., 437 Dtnsnulr  Strtst;.-.
JEFFERY,  W. A.,  2166 Parker  Streot....—.
KERSHAW, J. A.,  689 Howe Street...	
l.ATTA,  R.  P..  World  Building  „...
MAIN PRINTINO Co., 8851 Maia Stntt	
McLKAN A  SHOEMAKER, North Vsnootfer.	
MITCHELL-FOLEY,  LTD.,  129 Hutings Street Weat.....
NORTH SHORE PRESS.  North Vtacouver. 	
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 500 Bestty Stmt  	
ROKDDE. O. A.. 616 Hotatr Street.
...Fsirmont 208
....Seymour 2578
....Seymoar 8283
......Seymour 3
.Stymour 4499
.Seymour 1100
SUN JOB PRESSES, 137 Ptnder Street West	
TECHNICAL PRESS,  Hints Building, Homer Stmt	
TIMMS, A. H., 230 Fourteenth Avenue East .. -..
WARD, ELLWOOD * CO., 818 Homer Street  „
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO., 572 OrstiTlllt Street .
WHITE 4 BWDON, 528 Pender Stmt West	
,~ Highland 1137
  Seymour 8674
,..._...-.....„ Seymour 1039
 Fsirmont 1988
 N. Van. 51
...Seymour loss
 K. *"• 80
...Seymour 9I>92
 Seymour 264
Writs "Vain Labal'
...Seymour 41
...Seymour 3825
..Fsirmont 621R
...Seymour 1515
...Beymour 9526
...Beymour 1214
on Tsar Copy Whsn Taa Isad It U tkt Priattr
The Workers Only Get the
Cost  of  Their
Reproduction
What Lestor bad to say ou Sunday
night about the H. C. of L. wasn't
very much, beyond showing that it
was merely ono of the details of the
prevailing oconomic system and
therpfore -did not require much
thought for ita analysis, once they
had the key. He avowed that he -tind
not given it any excessive amount
of study, and iu tho course of his
remarks he advised Iris hearers not
towaste any time on it either.
"Do you lind auy mule arguing
with another mule about the price uf
hay and oats! They've got more
sense!" As the working man had
previously been fooled with the picture of tho full dinner pail, so now
thoy had him chasing the profiteer.
"You can have us much interest in
the price of goods as a chicken hag
in the way it is to be cooked."
(Laughter.) If tho cost of living
had to como down one half, then
their wages would have to como
down one half too.
The eost of articles was determined by the amount of socially necessary labor time embodied in them,
or the nmount of human effort required in thcir production. It did
not cost the workers of Vnncouvor.
uny more in human effort to livo
now than it did in 1914, or tho
bread-lines would be here now as
they we're then. "They are coming," he assured them, ''and they'll
bo longer and larger than they it ere j
but they're1 not here'yet.V   ..
*'f Capitalists don't make their profits by buying cheap and 'selling
dear, but by selling things at their
valuo—for what thoy aro worth."
Plant, material, and labor power
woro all bought at their market
prico. "You'ro not robbed in the
sale of your labor power; remombor
that.") Tho various items were all
embodied in the commodities produced and theso wero sold nt vnlue.
Your Lloyd-GeorgeB and your Wilsons are taking the whole world to
ruin because thoy don't understand
that law."
Just as other goods were produced
so also was energy. "AU that the
slave, can get is tho cost of its production. The master could not give
morp if he would; the system itsolf
determines snle at value." The latfs
of capitalism worked with mathe-
matcai -accuracy. Capitalism was an
organism; and, liko any other organism, it strove to Kve.'such things
as justice, Hberty, etc., were "just
liko butterflies on a battlefield."
The world was in jt state of unrest, because capitalism was falling
down. "It's the death of the system that you're dealing with, but
theae individuals don't know it."
Tho interests of British and United
Stntes capitalists were becoming
more and more opposed. *' If they go
on trying to produce goods under
thii system, war will inevitably tako
place between the two nations."
All that tho workers wcro entitled
to under this system, the speaker
insisted, was the food, clothing, and
shelter necessary to reproduce their
labor power. Beform was simply another form of exploitation, and
would react to the benefit of the
master class. Legislation was only
introduced in accord with capitalist
requirements.
In Britain, centuries ngo, the legal wage was 8 centa per day, and
tbe workers were better   off   then
SATAtfIN COUNCIL
[By Nemesis] jl jj
O* » high eminence, wfjejifjeoin-
manded tn extended view of the
earth stood Satan. Ht was dressed
in plain evening dreje, whicli sot off
hu tall, athletic figure to perfection.
Hie head was bare and his koen
intellectual   face  looked  very  pale
in the beams of the waning -moon.
He wore a diamond ring, thd gein
THE  PIONEER  OF  UNION  LABELS
A OUABANTEE TO BVBBY SMOKES
LOOK   FOR  IT-DEMAND
BOOST  IT
IT
GOODWIN SHOE
FITTING!
Proper Fitting Is One of the Most Important Features of Shoe Baying.
A Proper Fit Becomes More Important
Every Minute After Yon Purchase.
While we offer yon here the best shoes that money can
buy, including a choice Of splendid union-made footwear,
we give yon also the advantage of the most accurate
fitting service in the city.
Frioes Alwayi Consistent With Values
Goodwin Shoe Co.
U» HA8THI0S ST. EAST
than over they had been sinco. Eight
cents at Hurt time would tauv a sheep
and ono cent would buy a gallon of
boer. Then there were innumerable
holidays, which during the development of capitalism had been largoly
tnken away.
"The master class have declared
war on the working class. The league of nations is organized ngninst
the working class in every country."
Their determination was: "We're
going to keep on top!" Pancr a
1' Peace Parade'' led by the N,' W.
M. P..- It was tho burial ceremony
of liberty, with the epitome of Prussianism leuding the van." (Loud applause.)
The masters were trying to pick
out tho intellectual eyes of tho children of the poople. Capitalism had
condemned them to death. No mot-
[ter what had happened in Bum-fa,
1 thero waa likelihood of even greater
horrors being perpetrated on this'
continent. Hecent happenings in the
"good old U. 8." showed thnt tho
horrors of Russia could easily be reproduced on the North American
continent. "We are face to face
with a situation that, can bring that
upon us ot any timo."
Thp master class had not the least
idea of what wns coming; thoir only
idea was to keep on top and crush
nny of the workers who opposed
them, Tho way out could not bc
found in capitalist legislation; it hnd
got to lome from tho working class,
tho only class thnt had truth on
their side. Tho only thing to bc
done was wresting the reins of gov
ernment from the hands of the mas
ter cluss,
"Oet on the, voters' list," tho
speaker recommended. Thoy might
.not get whnt they wanted by voting; but tbey could show that they
were determined to take charge of
their own destinies, and that per*
hups with fewer of them being landed in jail than otherwise. Carson
would defy tho British govern ment,
openly and publicly and bo guilty
of sodition every day of his life,
and not be touched; but if a working man said tho working class
should control, ho was a -dangerous
citiun. Ivens at Winnipeg told tho
workors to think for themselves,
and was.-considered a vory dangerous
man. "And you can bot your life
he wss a very dangerous man,"
Any intelligent mad in the ranks
of tho working class was marked by
tho master class; and when they attacked him, the other members of
the working class stood by and lot
them. "Thoro _ been:enough done
in this country for every working
■nan to march to Winnipeg to d*
man the release of the men arrested."   (Applause.)
" Capitalism is finished. You 're
going to -ie of starvation unless yoa
do move. The master class cant do
nnything; uny movo it makes will
show its hclplessuesa and its ignor-
1UHM."
Mention   tbo  Fedorationist  when
you muke a purchase at a itare.
of which scintillated softly in the
pale moonlight at every movement
of his hand.
His glance wandered restlessly
ovor tho earth below him, Which was
wrapped in a soft -diaphanous mist,
and from the expression of his dark
eyes it was evident that his mind
was troubled and ill at east.
Behind him stood a large group
of his officers who waited in respectful silence on' his ' pleasure. Each
like their muster wore evening dross
and oach woro, on his breust'the insignia of his office or of some honor
for -distinguished service _hwnis master's cause.
Tlio master turned to them 'and
signified by a gesture that he would
speak. Instantly all bent humbly beforo him, much as the toadies of
the earth bend before the titled beings, dockod with' the colored rags
of their childish orders.'
"Gentlemen," he commenced
clear, ringing tones, "I have sum-'
moned you to our eminoneo Wth a
twofold purposo. I will hear the
reports of your labors, Wlfich'at all
times you so faithfully perform and
for which my love and gratitude are
yours."
Low' those officers bowed again before him as bow and flutter., thd
.earthly sycophartts whon^lieir master's voice is smooth aiid flattering.
"Afterwards I will confer ft'ithyou
and wolcome any suggestion yoli may
be pleased- to make; 'for truly my
heart is troubled for on yonder
barth my foe'implncable has flashed
■into the awnkeninjj mind "bf ninu
a vision, .which, should it Inarerial-
izc, will cast mo from my thrOnc
nnd nil our labors through-the ages
will be as naught. Let rtiy Lord
High Chancellor speak flrst.'
Then stood forth ah' officer who
bore on the lapel of bis coat a Small
disc of gold on which in bas-relief
was the grinning hoii-d of a fox. Ho
bowed low before his mristei*.
"Ot great ruler of Hades and
prince of earth," ho bcgiuij "to you,
before whom the wealthy ot all nations bend, I bow tKo kneejin homage due. I como, fresh' front my
tour on earth to make in Mtamble nud
loyal obodience my roport to your:
omniscient majesty. [
My mission has succeeded well.
Into the minds of the rulers of the
nations I have planted many suggestions and filled with fffidyj and
greed they vie One against the other
and nro blindly sowing thSiioeds of
future wars in fertile soil. Tho
mighty mastics' arc in rebellion tho
world over but thev .Bgf-wLgtlirfr
strength in sporadic spasms for* thoy
have not .yet realized t_8'f>flinplo
truth that only by perfect tftrit'f can
they achieve success. The sj» torn Undor which they groan, 01 P*r,i-nc-j, the
invention of thy koen brain, sets nation against nation and man against
man and unity is impossible and .confusion grows and all goes Well for
us, Of Prince."
Ho bowed low in humble obeisance
as he finished nnd his master'smiled
benevolently upon him. .'/'
"Now lot my servant the groat
archbishop, speak."
And one came forward who bore
on his breast a disc on which was
engraved a peacock with tail expanded. He bowed low and began:
"I groot your imperial majesty in
humble love nnd adoration. I, too,
come from a tour on earth, whero all
is woll. >
"The churches still are silent and
prune and plaster tho diseased
branches of tho treo ' of misery,
which grows from thy system, 0!
Princo, the uprooting of which they
will not suggest b-tfeaudo bf their
craven foarB and dread of disturbance entering their -dull and smoothly-flowing lives. They reproach ever
the sluves for their sihs 'and smile
complacently upou the crimes of
their masters so that those sluves
turn in sorrow and wearinofts from
their exhortations.
"They attack not tho great cause
of all tho evils which afflict the
world, which is thy system of greed
and exploitation, 01 Priiieo of
Princes and ruler of rulers, but tbey
uphold it while on bended knees nnd
with upturned eyes they .mumble
ever 'Thy Kingdom come.' »
"Their bodies are sleek and their
words are full of wisdom but thcir
hearts turn ever to the temples of
Mammon. *    . -
"All is well on earth, Of Prince.
As he   retired   obsequiously   his
master stepped forwurd and shook
him warmly by tho hand and smiled
benevolently upon him.
I will hear next our grent fluid
marshal." Then one stepped forth
who wore on his breast a mininture
golden skull and he raised his hand
in a military salute to his master.
"01 monarch of conquerors and
kingA. oil, truly, is welt on earth.
The great wur god alts enthroned
and armies are in millions mussed*
Mammoth engines of destruction are
manufactured in feverish haste and
aro-operated from winged destroy-
ors in tbo heavens; on'tno surfno
and in caves and tunnels du^deep
into tho bowels of the earth and on
and beneath the surface of the waters and when necessary in the sticets
of cities when tho unarmek i
gather in protest. 01 PriiJe,j
woll thy system works iti lui!
its misery.  All is well on earl
The master smiled again,
probation.
Now lot my leaned doctor
speak."
And one stepped for word wftb'Wore
on his breast a golden badge on
which was represented a crfucjiing
cripple soliciting alms.
"01 great master and prince of
diplomats, all is well ob earth.' The
germs of all tho diseases thrive under the conditions created by thy
perfect systom,
"The broken laws react ever in
full measure and pain and grief. and
death assail humanity. Plaguca, that
piizzlo my fraternity on earth, sweep
tho world in successive waves, leaving -death and desolation in their
wake. Ay I all is well, Ot Prince."
He also, as he retired, received his
master's benevolent smile.
"Now I would hoar my proletarian officer." And one came forth
who wore no distinguishing mark
and did not approach so close to his
master  aa had   tho  others and  bn
fheritated a little before ha spoke
as one who wu conscious he did not
possess so large a share of his mas-
tor's confidence aa those who had
preceded hint
"01 Prince," ke began in tones
in which was the suspicion of s
tremor, "aa our lord high chancellor reported, tke toiling masses of
earth are not acting as one force.
Jealousy, envy, greed, suspicion and
ignorance blind them to tbeir own
interests, and presenting as thoy do
a divided front to the solid array
of their masters, they are easily kept
in subjection and there ia no prospect of the overthrow of thy system, 01 master of all wisdOWi.     '
"They groan under their load but
they cannot rise and act in unison,
and divided they are lost and their
cause is indeea hoplesS. To you, OI
Prince, be the praise of evolving a
system by which the few control the
many by the help of the many> for
without that help those few would
indeed be as young Iambs before
the wolves. Long-live thy system, 01
Prince-."
Ho retired, and his master's glance
followed him thoughtfully-*JtiU" he
mingiod with his follows, theft the
toaster, turning' to the group, raised
a hand, signifying thut ho wished
to speak and they approached and
stood obsequiously awaiting his
pleasure.
"My faithful officers and serv-
servants, comrades all, -for your untiring labors in my cause my thanks
aro due, and they aro yours,' but cro
long my gratitude shall find practical expression when nry gfeat adversary is overthrown, and I- take
possession of' thc kingdoms of the
earth, I, too, have made a tour of
all the world. I havo satin conclave
with tho wealthy and Have, while
thero, folt the exultation of assured
success; but I hnve attended also
the deliberations of tho toiling
masses and felt for the-Awt-time a
shadow of doubt creeping into" my
consciousness. Th el"rnnl laws, to
ich even I must bend, work ever
ngainst me.
Thoso struggling masses through
the centuries have known but toil
and sorrow, yet, by .tho working of
thoso laws, through the sweat and
slime havo they evolved and stand
today very near to the being their
Creator planned as man.
"Thoy have glimpsed at last tho
significance of* love, and while thcir
oppressors still but know the wolfish loves, that animated their forebears in the jungle,' they stretch
out thoir hands to all thcir fellows
in universal love and sympathy and
thus threaten my age-long toil with
barren ending.- .
"And now at this ripe moment
has my foe implacable-flashed into
their consciousness n vision clear
which gives to their erstwhile hopes
and dreams reality and promise of
attainment. ■
"Cloarly have they seen and
clearly do thoy understand that vis
ion.
"They know that the earth-mother
that gave thehi birth must be owned by nil i'or all; that u system of
lovo and justice must bo established; that1 the products of their labor must be no longer gambled oa
tho markets of tho world for tho
profits of them who neither toil nor
spin, if ■ thoy are ever to gain the
blessings of freodom ami the delights of loizure and to inherit the
great birth-right of man, which is
knowledge. Thus their hopes have
blossomed and if fruition follows
and love begins to reign on earth
and knowledge opens wido its portals to them then my rule will cease
and all my plans, first formed when
oarth was young nnd ignorance veiled deep tho minds of man, will como
to naught and .discontent will bc my
portion throughout eternity,"
He paused and with folded arms
and head bcrit low, remained as if
in doep and earnest thought, while
his followers stood quite motionless
nnd in solemn silence gazing nt their
chief. Presently ho drew himself up
to his full height, towering above
them all, and with eyes that blazed
like glowing conls and in a voice
strident and clear he continued:
'But by your help, my servants
and my comrades true, I shull win
my flght begun, long .centuries ago;
but all our efforts and all means
employed must bo multiplied and Intensified a thousand fold. The
strongest foo we have to face is that
truo vision, which, altruistic in its
origin, springs direcf from the eternal law and fills my soul witb -doubt
end fenr and our greatest bulwark,
that rises in passionate and remorseless rage agninst it is the demon
greed that sways the hearts of those
dull exploiters of their fellow men
on earth.
"On theso lines niust we  work,
E
Evidently s Mpve to Prevent Closing Up of
Labor's Ranks
Dealing with the recent race riots
in the United —Statee the Astoria
News hat the following to say:
.The reeent race riots in Washington and Chicago were (ortcrod and
encouraged by the capitalists of this
country. Tho great struggle between
capital ahd labor in America is now
well begun, and anything that will
divert the minds of the worken
from the main issue is seined upon
and encouraged by the prostituted
capitalist press and'every other -instrument of publicity' and propaganda owned and controlled by the
plutocracy. The old raee hates and
race prejudices, savage 'survivals' of
a bygone age, are convenient instruments to employ in pitting the workers against ohe'ano'thcr and thus pW-
vohting the'Work of organization
from proceeding.  '
In tho east and south the Negro
is being robbed and lynched, and
on the Pacific coaat the capitalist
pross is trying to stir up hate and
prejudice against the Jap and tht
Mexican. The old game. Plutocracy
Boos the ranks of labor drawing
closer together, sees the Negro workers being organized, the Japs going
on strike with their white brothers,
and something must neods bo done
to awaken thc old feeling of hate
and'distrust and stop this fratornia.
ing between tho races. So the game
was started—in Washington, D. C,
whoro the Negro is a big factor in
tho economic lifo and in politics;
During tho war, the Negro, was
mado much of. Ho was needed to
help make tlio world "safe for de
mocracy," therefore he was flattered
and encouraged to believe that the
former hato ahd prejudice .ngainst
him had been forgotten. Ho waa
lauded by tho capitalist pross for
his bravery and devotion to '"tho
cause" and was honored b^ being
made guard at thc national capital.
He fell for it. Thousands of negroes went to France and fought and
bled and died. Many of them won
high honors for -bravery and self■
sacrifice. With heads erect and souls
full of a great prido, thoy returned
—and found the samo hate and prejudice against thoir race which ex-
iate'cT'before-'thcy went away, and
that they wero again to be forced
back into their ".placos.t'
But thoy will not stand for the
snme treatment as formerly. Thoy
faced death on the fields of France
hnd they do not weaken now' at a
show of force. Thoy fight back when
.they are insulted. This new spirit
of thc negro haa caused local disturbances between tho racos, and
the filthy capitalist press takes advantage of tho situation to spread
the flame and mako a national conflict out of it. The object is plain
—to keep tho workers divided at
any and all costs. Stir up old hatca,
old controversies, lot us hnve civil
wars, raco wars, anything and everything which will chook the work
of organization of the forces of labor and break up that solidarity of
tho workers which bodes so much ill
for the forces of exploitation and
oppression.
We must take this raco rioting
for just what it is worth, and proceed all the moro energetically .with
the work of organization of tho
workers of all races, paying no attention to tho race-hate propaganda
which is being spread by tho"dirty
sheots of the plutocracy. Tho workers of fho white race hatfe no quarrel with thc workors of other racos.
They all have a common enemy, and
thoy must stnnd together if thoy
would destroy that onemy—thc beast
which is sucking thoir life blood, re.
gardloHs of race or color.
It's economy in Suits this time-
with the usual Famous value
A3 USUAL we ara offering something now in LADIES' SUITB
—and, as usual, wa dler It backed with the famous guarntet
aa to Quality, tailoring and flt—giving the ladiea always thl
very beat in all-round value at th* lowest "maker to wearer"
price.
This time it's an exceptionally good pieco of Engliah Tweed, in
pretty mixtures—handsomely designed—tailored to the height of
perfection, a perfect it—button aud fancy stitching. For early
Fall selling; we've priced them very reasonably—
$35.00 TO $45.00
MAKE  AN EABLY SELECTION—IT WILL PAY
623
HASTINGS Sf. W.
Near Oranrilla
Pat Meal Ticketr '
The Amorican Federation. of
Labor convention voted to incrense the salary of the president,
Sam Oompers, from 47000 to 110,000
por year, and to increase the salary
of tho secrotary from $5000 to
♦7500 per year.
The salary of organizers was raised from tl to t8 per day and hotel
expenses were incroascd from 0* to
09 per day, bringing the total expenses of organizers up to 414-per
day plus railroad and other inoiden-
tal expenses.
THE
EMPIRE
CAFE
76 Hastings St E.
Vancouver's Best
Where shall we go?
Let's go to the Empire, the most delightful cafe in town.
That greed must bc iutpusifipd. Let
your weapon be the lie.. Keep that
weapon polished and in constnnt use;
yet when tho crude Ue wilt aid you
best use it, however brutal, illogical or filth/ it may bc.
"Tou have tho organs for their
dissemination ready at your hands
in every IAimI on mtrth, tbe presses,
whieh operate in the interests of the
exploiters, and their directors will
support you unhesitatingly iu tho
foulest of your imaginings.
"Work by suggestion; inspire the
framing and passing of human laws
to ruin all who support and teach
that vision; soa to it that their portion is the dungeon and that their
children perish for want ot broad.
'' Oo forth, ray friends, and work,
work, work, and falter never, fo,r
much-—nay, all—depends upon your
labors.      ■'. #
' "The climax of those labors approaches fast on oarth and on you
I confidently rely. Oo forth, my servants, friends all."-- -
As he ceased speaking each made
a lowly obeisance and disappeared
noiselessly into the night.
Satan stood a moment or two with
clasped hands and hoad bent low,
then broke into short soliloquy:
"That vision troubles me. for it
has arisen out of tho working of
eternal laws, the laws of Ood, which
move so slow yet grind so small, That
eternity of discontent! 'tls little
comfort to know that my slaves will
bo the present, ruling fools of yon.
der earth. Great Godl that entemity
of unrest!"
He shuddered and glided silently
into the shadows of the encircling
gloom.
Pittsfiold, Mass.—Platform mea
employed by the'Berkshire Street
Bailway Company are asking for aft
oight-hour day aad a $5 minimum.
The company operates 142 miles of
trackage.
Washington—A desire to re-establish pre-war living standards has increased tho solidarity between 500,-
000 organized shop men and the four
railroad brotherhoods. These organizations have worked in complete harmony with the railroad administration since government operation of
railroads, but for the first time they
stand against tho policy of tho railroad administration and have notified Director Genoral of Railroads
Hines to this effoct.
/
The Great
West Produce
and Grocery
1126 Granville St
Phone Sey. 3695
We have all kinds of
fresh groceries, fruits
and vegetables......
Prompt Delivery
GET THE HABIT
—LET THB—
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
DO TOUB EEPAIBINO
Anlythe
BU
mon
Oak
Sole leather used. Shoes made
to order. Union shop with
Union principles.
Nodelay Shoe Co.
1M7 OBANTOLB
Phone Sey. 147*
You ean depend en tke*.
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. PISH, Prop,
te furnish yon Pare MU'
Housewives should insist c
all delivery men showii
their union cards.
n«H: ».7. T7IM-C*. m. «_n
o. a. uutt. rmruu.
LABOB tlHPU
-TAXI-
SOFT DRINK PARK
OWAM, OltMSBTTBS _D SOr
num
«0t DUNSMUIR 8TMET
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
fat Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
ButntsFniveCiiLhL
BB SOWS YOV OBT
VAN BROS.
*~—* too aix ros
-CIDER-
an* ir<%*l*NboUe -aiaea of
Modi
UNION   MSN'S   ATTENTlOf
COAL
Lump  (sacked), pep
ton $11.00
Washed Nut, per ton,
at  $10.50
KIBK'B   Odolinttl   Donolo
Screonnd
NANAmawBLumroir
OOAL
Ii Always Daptnbblo
Aak ttu womon who burni It,
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phonos Soymour 1441 sal 468
—THE—
TROCADER
GAFE
tot Union Hob
IM HASTINOS STBBBT 1
none Soymonr 935
THB BBST PLAOE TO EAT I
VAHOOUVEB - UNION OAB
CENTER & HANNA, Il
UNDERTAKERS
Keflned gervloe
104» OEOBOIA STBBBI
Ou Block West of Oowtkou
Vie of Modem Chnpel ond
Funeral Ptilort froo to all
Patrons
Telephone Soymour 2401
Our advertisers support tho '.
I emtionist.   It is up to yoa te
1 port them.
THE HOLIDAT SEASON IS APPBOAOHINa-Aro yoa going to
make good your advantage of '     '    '
living in British Columbia, by
•pending a couple of weeks
out in the open. Wo offer you
a splendid sploction of -Fishing Tackle, Rifles, Cartridges,
Clothing, togothor with tho
usual Camping Requirements.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
Tho Completo Sporting Ooods '
Storo
018-620 Hastings Strset West
VANCOUVEB. B. C.
Is Economical,  lba Cearaas wUek
k carriee—redeemable fer taoefrf
•rides « ere a Author luinswaiii oinoiix rAraa va»coov_jl
rasnas _» ___aoa commix..
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
BVENTHYEAR.  No. 34
EIGHT PAGES
Men's Work Boots
Children's School Boots
-STEELITE   BRAND"
v
All Solid Leather, and there's Double Wear in
Every Pair.
ON  SALE NOW  IN  OUR
Economy Basement
BEFORE spending your money on footwear,
visit our Downstairs Shoe Department We
sell shoes here at less than today's wholesale
prices. Investigate this downstairs shoe department.   Our shoe prices will surprise you.
We offer the highest
standard of dental work—
"With tho capable staff of highly-trained specialists connected with
eur oftee, and the complete equipment right nt hand, including
a laboratory operated -directly by us, we are in a position to offer
dental work of an. exceptionally high standard.
OET OUB ESTIMATES ON TOUB WORK. YOU'LL FIND OUB
FBICB8 VERY REASONABLE.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Ray aad Crown aad Bridge Specialists
802 HASTINOS STBEET WEST, OORNER SEYMOUR
Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Phont Seymoar 8381—Brsmlnstion* made oa phone appointments
Union-Made Shoes
OUR SHOES are Union Hade.   The Union Stamp on
onr ahoea stands for justice to the workman jmd
fairness to the manufacturer.
We sell union-made shoes becauee we believe thoy ere the best
made shoes.
Our prices are aover any higher than other stores and we sell
only the best shoes made.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666   ORANVILLE   STREET
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS AND NUB8BBYMEN
2—8TOBES—2
48 Hsstings Street East 728 Ona-rllle Street
Seymonr 988-672 Seymonr 9513
Our New Stock Is
Coming in Daily
THIS day our Carss Mackinaw Coats
arrived; they are good, too.
Stanfield's Underwear is ready for
you.
Some of our new raincoats are in
stock already.
I invite you to call and look over our
stock.
W. B. Brummitt
18-20 CORDOVA STREET WEST AND
444  MAIN  STREET
Union Made Goods Where Possible
Tastiness!
Wholesomeness
Perfection
YOU'D norer think se
sanek goodness oould
be pet into a loaf of bread.
Bnt thon—wo dont make
ene loaf at a time. Ve
stake thea by the thousands aad ean afford te
pat tho beet that money
eaa bay into each loaf we
sell our eustomen.
AT YOUB OBOOBBS
SHELLY BROS., LTD.
Fsir.ee
Food Liernss No. MOM
VANCOUVER,* B. C, FRIDAY MrNING, AUGUST 22, 1919
i  ,■■■■_■   i _        *—^——
The Strike as a Political Weapon
The London Nation, in a recentttion took place were euch tbat our
■ IIA     Va-t    4V.    Jl_.ll _._.      I VrH*U-1n/*,nJ   „__    __!____	
issue, tad tbe following te say on
tke direct aetion iwue recently rail-
led in England:
The gravity or the iuue raised by
tbe Labor Party's resolution at
| Southport in favor of "direct
aetion" to stop the government's
Russian policy can hardly foe overestimated. By most politicians, of
all parties, it is condemned out of
hand as a wholly unintelligible and
unwarrantable intrusion of industrial organization into the field of
1 polities, an illicit confusion of functions and methods. The Labor Party,
l as a part of tho electorate, consists
of citiaen Voters who at a general
election have had the chance of
freely recording tbeir votes and exerting thcir full share of influence
on the return of a House of Commons responsible to the people for
the conduct of the government. The
, Lnbor Party has a considerable number of its own members s'tting in
the House. It is competent to express tho party view upon any im
..<-•    <ni»    i»hvv     n«a<D    OUVM     NIBI*   VIU
knowledge and our choice were un
real; in an atmosphere of excitement
we were tricked into returning a
parliament which did not represent
our real will or interests and whieh
has shown itself the servile instrument of the government it is supposed to control. This government
is committing the nation to a foreign policy fraught with the gravest peril to our fellow-worlcers in
'other countries and to their rights
of self-government, and is using our
conscript soldiers and the munitions
| and the warships that we make to
kill and starve workers with whom
we have no quarrel. They are doing this in order to put down a working-class government and to set up
a capitalist and a reactionary government. Our house of commons will
do nothing to stop this crime. Our
labor men in the house are toe feeble
for effective aetion. Wo bave only
one effective weapon, and we will
use it.
Tbis, in brief, is the contention.
Now there is nothing illegal in labor electors- agreeing in their trado
„-:_„„ i.. __.__-     ...      _g ft n*0flc
r—...   •--■■ "f""-"/ *~   bor electors- agreeing in
portant issue, old or new, that may,union8        ^      .*h     ^ __ _____„
come up m public poliey. ™AW* demonstration or of political co-
tbe representative method by wh«h ^ 0nl u fa ft ^^ tMtie
democracy, or popular self-govern- j_ ^ &niJ^ H ^^ un,ike,
ment, is exercised in this country. thftt thfl nl ^ of trfldfl m_
What nght has a conference^' *«« I ioniits, even in the Triple Alliance,
Ubor Party to gtt behind this WOBid'conBent to w*, in a pro.
parliamentary ^system, and to en- ,onged stoppago with & its %iten_,
ant privations, though they might
be willing to mafce a one-day demonstration. Secondly, if a strike
| were called, it is quite evident that
an injunction would bo got in thc
courts rendering all payment of
strike money illegal. An effective
[strike under such circumstances
would bo impossible; and an ineffective one conducted as it must bc
with grave disorder and much misery
would not contribute anything useful towards the causo for whieh it
was undertaken.
But the largest significance of the
proposal lies in thc criticism it directs against the working of our
democratic institutions. A general
I eleetion, conducted once in five years
or so, in a heated, irrational atmosphere expressly "made" for the purpose, in order to put in parliament
a set of men whose control of legislation and of administration is of
dwindling importance;'' furnishes no
substantial guarantees that tho will
and interests of tbe peoplo are operative in government. No menus
is provided for consulting the people, even on the gravest of new issues which may eome up , within n
term of parliament. The electorate'
is well aware that its actual power
is very small. It -did not much mind
when politics was a secondary game.
But now that tho lives and vital in-
terests of the common people are
i visibly at stake in governmental de*
' cisions, this defect of our democratic
i system seems no longer tolerable.
Their ordinary political weapons
turn in their bands. So they havo
recourse to direet action, as a substitute for that right of "veto" upon extraordinary abuses of power hy
governments which some democratic
constitutions afford through a refer- j
endum. ■
But the latent criticism of democracy in the direct action movement
probably goes further than this. It
seems to be a partial intrusion of
(Jn Gmter
Tmchw,  |t
dcavor to enforco upon too government, by means of an industrial wtfcpon, a policy which they
can constitutionally urge through
thoir representatives ih Parliament
and by agitation in the electorate?
As citizens they ought not to use a
weapon which only belongs to tbem
as workers, the right to strike. No
constitutional defence is possible. In
form, at any rate, it is a revolutionary step.
"But, after all,1' it will be said,
"you do not finally settle the issue
of moral and political right by applying the terms unconstitutional
and revolutionary. -Wc are living
ia a time when revolutions are
everywhere going on and constitutions are being remade, with our
assent and even' by our stimulation. " Instead of simply condemning direet action as a wanton exhibition of unreason, it is better to seek
to understand the nature of the feelings and thoughts that have prompted its proposal. Angry commentators say, "If tbe miners or the other
tradesmen claim to enforce -their
, views on Bussia, conscription or
other political matters, by threaten-
1 ing to strike, why should not other
classes, business men, doctors, lawyers, bankers, who may be just as
I keen politicians, use the same
weapon f How can society exist, or
government exist, under sueh violent
external interferences!" And the
ultimata validity of this reduetio od
absurdum we entirely accept. We
evidently cannot live tolerably under conditions in whicb industry is
liable at any moment to come
butting irrelevantly into politics,
and claiming to replace tbe voto by
the strike. But this does not ox-
plain what we want to know; why
the majority of the Labor representatives at Southport committed
themselves to direct action, and wby
it did not seem to them so inconsistent and unreasonable as it appears to the rest of us.
Part of the reason why their action does not seem improper lies in
the structure of tho Labor Party.
Labor is not in a politieal cquiva-:
lent of Liberalism or Conservatism.
It carries a non-political cleavage
and import into politics. No doubt
Labor politics cover a wide and in
creasing field, but great and numer
ous issues Ho outside it. And tbat
is not the only difference. The Labor
I Patty, instead of being constituted
on a basis of individual citizenship,
has embodied tbe trade unions in its
organization. When, therefore, tho
officers of these legions find themselves in a political conference of
the party, is it surprising that tbey
should feet disposed to put behind
the politieal decisions of the conference on burning issues the most potent backing that thoy can give!
Appearing in the conference as representatives of unions, and voting
on purely political resolutions in
, that capacity, they are disposed to
that very eoafusion of politieal and
induetrial functions which this use
of direet action implies. The confusion exists in the party structure.
Let us advance one step further
toward explanation. Several of the
Labor leaders who condemn most
vehemently the Southport   decision
are careful to distinguish between I *•*-* V"muul *«•—oin»ng street
the use of direct action in industrial car mcn havc accepted a compromise
and ia non-industrial issues. If tholwhieh »lw» «»*« to 6*> 57 and 60
" ■ -■"--•- 'cents an honr, according to length of
service. Car men in Moliuo and
Rock Island were also involved.
ed in the list, but three groups whieh
are declared to bc in "complote accord with the Standard Oil Company '' hold 006,622 acres. Thoro are
201 smaller concerns listed os controlling 1,269,207 acres, and the combined holdings of these smaller concerns.nnd nine large companies total
5,436,271 acres.
The Mexican secretary of industry
and commerco reports that during
tho year 1918, the value of oil exported from Mexico was $140,557,-
553.20, and the government collected
| over $11,000,000 in export taxes,
MtV Grab-It-All Is Again
.* After Valuable Oil
Fields
The board of foreign mission of
tke Presbyterian ehurch, has made
publie a report which charges that
oil interests are manufacturing propaganda to embroil thie nation in a
war with Mexico. The report was
prepared by Samuel O. Inman, executive secretary of a Latin-American
committee of thia ehurch.
Mr. Inman declares that the American people are being deceived by inspired propaganda, and that "intervention in Mexico is coming as fast
as certain interests ean possibly
force it." Theso interests, it is stated, "aro playing not simply for oil
wells in Taiupico and Vera Cruz, but
for a much larger stake; thoy have
found out that Mexico is full of oil.
What they want is for tho United
States to get hold of Mexico so that
tbey can easily obtain these billions
of dollars of oil proporty whieh aro
certain to be developed in the near
[future."
Tho Mexican Beview publishes an
official statement of the area of oil
lands hold by various companies operating in that country. The Eng
lish itnerests, known as Lord Cow-
dray group, hold 1,410,237 acres. The
At tkt Fsntages
Ike Jams Pootlight Revue, a big
aad awiry kiasical comedy aet, with
'a strong east aad a pretty chorus,
win be the headline attraction of the
new bill at tho Pantages, opening
witk tke matinee performance Monday afternoon.
For tko extra added sard ef tke
week Manager Pantages kas arranged for tko appearance of Porter J.
' Wkito, an setor of thc first rank, in
"Tko Hideaway." This is a aew
sketch and is said to provide Mr.
Wkito witk kis greatest dramatic
success.
A third attraction that promises to
be notable is Al Wohlman, the singing comedian and mimic, who is so
popular with patrons in bis famous
"Song Studies."
Csnnold snd Bose, two men, one
Hebrew comedian, will furnish
some songs snd patter tkat aro expected to please.
Anita Arties, late star ef ."Tho
Chocolate Soldier," assisted by Arthur Alton, will givo a review of new
and old songs.
Tho four Morok Sisters are aerial
acrobats, who are said to havo a
smashing act. "•*
WARNING!
TO DTVXSXOBf:
Don't bar oil mtocfcn or royally volts until you hav« flrat hand information of
TEXAS OIL FIELDS
Oft tbo TRUTH about TEXAS OIL PRODUCTION and DIVIDEND pujm. Wo
. will furnish ABSOLUTELY FREE an of-;
! flcial State Oovernment report made by
all prods-sing Oil Companies with a
SWORN STATEMENT
■bowing their production for tbo aecond
quarter  of   1919,  as   required   by   state
special  income  tax tow.    Theso   reports
M) $1.60 PER YEAi
§
A UNION STORE
High Wages Are No Good
unless spent intelligently and at the right place.
Our store ia'patronised by men of the highest intelligence, men of affairs who are accustomed to
making every dollar productive, who find that
they obtain here the fullest satisfaction in style
and service.
"B. C." SUITS
rank superior to all. They are made under the
strictest supervision by real tailors specializing in
custom Work alone: Not only are our woollens
the finest procurable, but our linings, interlinings
and other essentials are all, also, just the best
ever. And our prices arc low—MEN'S SUITS
from |35 up, WOMEN'S SUITS from $45 up,
with PERFECTION GUARANTEED.
..___,.     „    Sre now compiled.   We will forward w
known aa Lord Cow-  you   the   complete   Hit   ABSOLUTELY
Id 1 410 237 aerM The   >*HEE.    Wo publish ■ FREE; OIL MAR-
\Sto,&ra-mrco^;1.7nTLm. K tf_SWE8B5. ..?.". SSS
I ed in the Hst. but three irrouna wWh   «« t——* —j.i- ... .»»-* ■ -- ---
IS IN U. S.
Newspapers and Officials
Announce Lynching
,.,".,  in Advance
Southern papers are now able to
, annjttujncc mob lynchings in advance.
Tke lynchers do not have to put
handkerchiefs over their eyes and
' optra¥c exclusively in the night sen-
' wi*. %fy nioro. Perhaps the respoct-
nbtift^ accorded to mobs by officer*
of tho Inw during tho wnr, when
mobbing wns a common means of
lighting a political opponent, has
[much to do with the now development.
The Jackson (Miss.) News ran tho
following in largo headlines on Juno
thi soviet idea, of substituting
cupational for local areas as a ni
.. _..._„ „., „ jasis
of political organization. There is
keener sympathy of feeling and
stronger solidarity of action among
members of a workshop and a trade
than among persons living in the
same street or town. The fundamental deficiency of a democracy,
' based exclusively on tho feeble moral unity of consumer-citizens, is
everywhere apparent. Direct action
is a sporadic demand to corroct the
particular results of this weakness
by bringing to bear upon sonic special act of policy, in which the pas-
sionato interest of organized workers is enlisted, the will of workor*
citizens. At present, votes nnd tho
democracy that hinges on them nre
bestowed exclusively on consumer-
citizens, as dwellers in a town or
ward, ignoring altogether their keener, strongor, and moro organized interests and noeds as producer-citizens working in mines, factories or
workshops. Tho demand for direct
action is thus an irregular assertion
of thin suppressed element in popular self-government. And unless radical and organic reforms nre madoji
in the electoral system, its trouble-}*]
will grow.
Bock Island,, 111.—Striking street
government, either administratively
or with the consent of Parliament,
were suddenly to fasten industrial
oonscription upon the workers, or to
make strikes illegal, or otherwise to
assail the WUl interests of working-
class organizations, thoy would be
prepared to support direet action
It ia the use of that aetion for non
industrial policies tbat they con-
demo. Aid yet from the constitutional standpoint the one use is as
unjustifiable u the other. A eapi
talist attack on trade unionism eon-
ducted by parliamentary methods
ought to be fought in Parliament
and at tho polls, not by a strike.
And yet we doubt if a single labor
loader wonld refuse to atrike for
auch a purpose. He would say, quite
'truly, that sueh a law or administrative aetion was' inherently unjust
and tyrannical," that it had never
[been submitted to the electorate,
that it was in spirit, though not in
form, unconstitutional, and that the
only way to eheck such tyranny was
recourse to direct aetion. A labor
party under these circumstances, he
would urge, would be acting properly
M o politieal party, beeause the issue was one of industrial polioy. A
strike for non-intervention in Bnssia
is no concern for workers as sueh, or
for their unions; they should keep
their iadustrial weapons for industrial polities.
, But what we understand the supporters of tho Southport policy to
hold ii tbis. The facte do uot correspond with the constitutional theory. Last November we were sup
poeed te elect freely ud witb full
knowledge of what we were doing a
parliament whieh would aee that cer
tain government pledgee were fulfilled, and would not spring aew dangerous policies upon our people. Tho
eix-sumstances under whieh this dec-
Be sure to notify tho post offico
as soon as you chango your nddress.
John Hatfield will bc lynched by
Ellisville mob at 5 o'clock this afternoon."
And in thc news column under this
head we find:
A committee of Ellisville citizens has been appointed to make thc
necessary arrangements for the
[event and the mob is pledged to act
in conformity with these arrangements."
Tho Now Orleans States on the
same date ran as a headline covering
'this scheduled lynching:
''Negro jerky and sullen as burning hours nears," and undtr it tho
information thut "Tho officers havo
agreed to turrt him over to the people ut -1 o 'clock this afternoon, when
it fa expected he will bo burned."
What right have wo to inlorfcTo
in foreign countries on the plea of
restoring law and order when the
Stars and Stripes float over such occurrences as this? — Non-Partisan
Leader.
Telephone Sey. 4641
H.M.Nugent&Co.
Sails, Tents and Awnings
Teamster.' snd Oarp.Bterst
APRONS,   RUBBER   BOOTS   sal
OIL   OLOTHINa
Estimate, given on canvae work
48  WATER STBEET
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
-THEM
SPROTT-SHAW
SCHOOL
336 HASTINGS STREET WEST
haa just completed arrangement^ for thc opening of a
STRONG UPftO-DATE
ACADEMIC DEPARTMENT
in whieh intensive instruction will be given in all matriculation and high achool subjects. -
We have already four teachers engaged, each a university graduate, and each a specialist.
8UCCWS IS ASSURED
DAT AMD 1VXN1NO CLASSES
—Send for particulars to—
B. J. SPHOTT, B. A., or Phone Seymour 1810
     .-..   _i.UUH.IIVn    ll    701
U InTr.t nalely In TEXAS OIL.
In-miriea Promptly Answered.
PUBLIO mrOBKATIOK BOIEATJ
120-121-122 OU Operators BnUdlnf
TORT WORTH, TEXAS
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
TO MEMBERS OF
ORGANIZED LABOR
Fellow Workers:
There are at the present time in this city more international officers than
have ever been here before in the history of thc labor movement in Vancouver.
They are not here for the purpose of organizing, or of increasing the
economic power of the workers, but they are here solely to offset the 0. B. U.
movement which came into existence as a result of thc demands from various
organizations affiliated with the B. C. Federation of Labor and the Trades
Congress of Canada situated in the western provinces. Their argument is
that the O. B. U. will be the result of more numerous and widespread atnkea
than has formerly been tho case. They charge the late general strike in
Western Canada to the O. B. V. when, as a matter of fact, that organisation
• was not then in existence. _
hex us look at thia from another angle, and see why this opposition should
be put forward at this time to the O. B. U. movement. On page 696 of the
American Federationist, containing a report of the American Federation of
Labor Convention, we flnd that thc salary of the president was increased from
$7500 to $10,000 per year, and that of the secretary from *5000 to $7500. This
in addition to all travelling expenses. Thc salary of organizers was raised
from $7 to $8 per day, and hotel expenses were increased from $4 to $6 per
day. The particular meal tickets involved in this transaction should give you
an idea why all the international organizers now in town are so busy defending thc interests of the American Federation of Labor.
Tlio Winnipeg strike was called in thc flrst instance by Metal Trade units
of international organizations. The building trades strike in the same city
was also called by locals of international organizations. The general strike,
which took place as a result, was a strike of international organizations. The
strike in the cities of Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatoon and every other city
which took part in thc general strike was .conducted and called by locals of
international unions, yet we flnd that the strike was broken by thc actions of
thc general officers of international unions. The action of thc Grand Lodge
officers ot* thc Railroad Brotherhoods contributed more to the defeat and
breakdown of thc workers' organization in Western Canada than any other
factor. In Vancouver wc flnd the International Brewery Workers instructing
thc Brewery Workers of Victoria to ship all the beer possible into Vancouver
at a time when the Brewery Workers of Vancouver were on strike. The Inter-
national Electrical Workers of Vancouver were practically crippled during the
strike by virtue of thcir international threatening to take away thcir charter if
they acted contrary to the agreement wliich that international had with the
Telephone Co. The entire history of thc strike in this western country has
been one of interference by international officers on behalf of thc employer.
The funds of locals have been seized, and thier property taken, and this is tho
kind of organization which wc nre now being told by paid officials of the in.
ternatlonal labor movement is tor the benefit of thc workers. Thc O. B. U.
constitution specifies that the funds of any local unit shall remain the property
of that unit.
Sit down and calmly think this question over for yourself. Which is
better for you as workers—an organization in which you have some measure of
control over thc officers, or au organization in which you are subject to tho
autocratic rule of the officers?
If the international is at this time being boosted by the press, by the
employers, and by thc government, and the O. B. U., which has not as yet had
nn opportunity to function, is being repressed and vilified in every manner by
these agencies, and as these same interests have at all times repressed and vilified you every time you have sought to improve your conditions or incrcaso
your wages, docs it not prove to you that the O. B. U. is an organization
which will be iftore beneficial to you than that which is supported by your employer?
If you want to belong to an organization which is conducted according to
the dictates of the rank and file, and whose funds cannot be seized by any
international executive board any time thc rank and file act differently than
they desire, fill out thc following form and send it to the Secretary, Vancouver
'irades and Labor Council, 210 Labor Temple.
APPLICATION   FOB   MEMBERSHIP
to the
ONE  BIO   ONION
210 Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
PREAMBLE
Thc One Big Union seeks to organize the wage-worker, not according to
craft, but according to industry; according to class and class needs, irrespective of nationality, sex or craft, into a workers' organization, so that we may
be enabled to more successfully carry on thc everyday fight over wages,
hours of work, etc., and prepare ourselves for thc day when production for
profit shall be replaced by production for use.
Fee to join, $1.00; Dues per month, $1.00.
Date !	
Fellow Workers:
Having read the above preamble, and being desirous of becoming a member
of the O. B. U., I herewith enclose the snm of $	
to pay initiation fee and dues for	
Nwno -- -Address 	
Occupation .„ _ Employed at
...months.
(Advt.) rtttj— rutin
BI_V_roa I eau.   ttt. h iuu   uiuaun   *_u_iuiiiuin   ri"jUl"-IV_lllViN181 VANCOUVER B. 0.
THE B. C. FEDERATI
Published every Friday morning "by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited **'
k.  a. WELLS...
...Manager
Office:    Labor   Tomple,   405   Dunsmuir   Street
Telephone Exchange, Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m., Sey. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United States and Foreign,
#2.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per year; la
Vancouvor City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, $1.25 per member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
FBIDAY...
..August  22, 191ft
LLOYD GEORGE has thrown the Brit*
ish people into fits by his recent
speech in the House of Commons.. The
big interests are afraid that he hu, by his
words, made the financial position of the
■ country even more inae-
WOBKERS cure than it waa, while
MUST the workers can see vis-
CHOOSE. ions of longer hours and
greater efforts having to
be put forward by them while they are
working in order to stave off starvation.
Or at least they see the end of their
dreams of shorter hours which have been
sought so long, and promised so often.
Greater productivity was thc key note of
the wily Welshman's speech. He bewailed
the fact that the balance of trade was on
the wrong side, and that the imports were
greater than the exports, and predicted
ruin unless this balance was reversed. Not
a word of advice did he offer as to how
to overcome this difficulty. Not a suggestion did he make as to how the exports
could be made to outweigh the imports,
except that indefinite suggestion "of
greater productivity." Whicli may mean
nothing, and is not the business Of the
workers. Great Britain's imports are
composed chiefly of foodstuffs and raw
materials. But she has been so busy
creating the machinery of exploitation,
that she has never had time to produce
the necessities of life for her people. Not
a country in the world can offer a better
example of the futility of the present system to provide for the people.. In the
home of capitalism, the efforts of the people have been expended in the production
of thc machinery of exploitation, markets
in every corner of the earth have been
found for the produce of thc slaves of
that country, and many of these countries
where markets were found, were able to
supply foodstuffs as part of the payment
for goods received,
* •        *
A new factor haa, however, entered into
thc question.   As eaeh new market was
exploited, ao waa the capitalistic method
o£ production introduced ,and by the very
commodities that the British disposed of
in those markets.   And instead of those
countries being at this day customers tak*
ing the surplus products of tha British
manufacturers, they are today competitors, and beating the British at their own
' game.  Ai a result, Great Britain, without
the facilities for producing sufficient foodstuffs and raw materials, is today suffering in the words of Lloyd George, "from
under-production."  All her boasted commerce is as so much dead sea fruit to her
people, and bankruptcy facea the nation,
and the people, the working class is facing starvation.
t        «        •
Capitalism is based on produetion for
profit. The worker sella his labor power
at its value. The product of his toil, belongs to the master clan, as that claas
owns the machinery of wealth production.
Thc labor power expended by the worker,
in his master's interests, produces greater
value than he receives in wages, the difference between the value produced, and
the wage paid is the profit of the maBter
class. Profits, however, cannot be realized, nay production cannot be carried on,
unless there is a market for thia surplus
product, and so markets are necessary for
the disposal of this surplus or production
cannot be carried on. Every oountry in
the world that is carrying on capitalistic
production is seeking markets in which to
dispose of its surplus products. And there
are not sufficient markets, and Great Britain now finds itself in the position of being unable to compete with the rivals-she
created, and not having at any time produced the necessities for her own people,
having only produced for profit, and not
bring able to dispose of the surplus products, which have been the means of exploitation, in the shape of ships, machinery and munitions of war, she now finds
herself without the means of producing
foodstuffs, and raw material, and naturally the imports exceed thc exportai
* *        •
The so-called commerce and trade of
today, consists of the lugging of commodities stolen from the workers at the point
of production from one country to another. ' The United States sends shoes to
Great Britain. Great Britain sends shoes
to the United States. And so on all down
the line. Under a sane order of society,
thc workers of Great Britain can produce
all that is necessary for thcir welfare.
Under capitalism all they produce is profits for their masters, and misery for themselves. Lloyd George's remedy is for thc
workers to Bpeed up and produce cheaper
than thc workers of Japan, or thc countries where labor is much cheaper than it
is in Oreat Britain. The workers' only
remedy is to produce i'or use instead of
profit. Some day thc choice wjll be made,
and the workers must choose to produce
for use or starve to death, in the everlasting struggle in a system of production of
commodities for the profit of a master
class.
The secret ballot is supposed to bc the
very foundation of democracy, and yet we
find so-called democratic organizations
adopting a ballot system that is thc very
reverse, At the present time a ballot is
being taken by tho Railway Employees
department of the American Federation
of Labor. We have' received a copy of
the ballot paper, and find that the member of the organization voting, has to sign
his name in full, give his register number
in the union he is a member of, and the
name of the local, number of his card,
railroad he worked for, and the craft he
follows. In addition to that, the ballots
are not counted by the local union, but
are sent to the A. F. of L. building at
Washington, where they arc to be counted. The final and crowning blow to democracy, however, is the fact that ,the
ballot is to determine Whether a strike
shall be called or not The Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council was condemned
by the Citiscna Committees, etc., because
a real ballot vote was taken on thc question of a general strike here. What do
they think of the A. F. of L. method t
nuttki. /Wptf
CAPITALISM IS dualistic. It is full
of contradictions. It has two sets of
morals, two interpretations of laws, and
two sets of ideas as to what is rebellious.
For a worker to sign himself yours in revolt, is considered sedi-
REBELS tions conspiracy, but for
IN HIGH persons   such   as   Sir
PLACES. Edward Carson, who be
longs to the ruling class,
to do so, is not considered sedition, or
even a sufficient sign of revolt to cnuse
him to be rebuked. While Canadian
labor men are languishing in gaol,
refused bail while awaiting trial,
on s charge of so-called seditious
conspiracy, tha proof of which has
not yet been revealed, and the only
evidence submitted at the preliminary
hearing, consisted of letters written by
members of the working class, containing
references to the Bolsheviki, used in a
sarcastic vein, owing to the fact that the
press was full of suggestions that the officers of thc Labor movement were being
bough} by Bolsheviki funds, and in some
instances signed yours in rovolt, it is interesting to turn baek and take a look at
the actions of "rebels" in high places and
see how they were treated.
* *        «
Sir Edward Carson was a rebel, and did
rebellious things, and if his utterances are
to be taken seriously, he will do things
that the Labor men of this country would
never think of doing. For instance, in
October, 1913, he said:
"Wc can go on drilling and practicing shooting ,and we will see in the
end who is right and who is wrong.
"Wc have got authority to set up our
Provisional Governmont." '
♦ »        «
On November 26th, 1911, he acknowledged that he was a rebel, and a rebel is
one that is opposed to thc mandates of
constituted authority. Here is what he
said on that date: _    .
"I am called a rebel. In the circumstances, I am proud to be called
a rebel."
• •        • -.
Strange to say, Carson was supported
by those that were the guardians of law
and order, even if they were self-appointed. Dealing with the attitude pf the Ul-
sterites on the Home Rule question, Bonar
Law on July 27th, 1912, said:
"The Ulster Unionists would be
justified in resisting Home Rule by
all the means in thcir power. If any
attempt be made under present circumstances, I can imagine no length
of resistance to which Ulster will go
in which I shall not be ready to assist
them."
* *       *    .
Here are a* few other expressions of rebellion, and supporting the idea of resisting constituted authority; but, of course,
they were not utterances of workers, or
thoie that made them would now be in
durance vile.
"If civil war ia the path of danger,
it is also the path of duty. If we ara
forced to take up arms to fight in defence of those ideals and traditions
which are our very marrow. I believe on that day we shall flnd, side
by side with us, all that counts for
honor, conscience and courage."—J.
H. Campbell, March 13, 1914.
* *        *
"Your plan is a very simple but a
very complete one. You propose to
bind yourselves, each to thc other, as
brother to brother, that in the last resort you will have recourse to that
preservation which is not merely the
first law of nature, but is a right divinely sanctioned and imposed."—F.
E. Smith, at Belfast, Sept. 23,1912.
»        *        »
In addition to these utterances, it is
well known that Carson had dealings with
the Kaiser, and discussed the Irish question with him. The Irish Churchman,
November 14th, 1913, came out with the
following, which showed that military
support was promised by the ruler ef ths
Germans.
"It may not bc known to thc rank
and file of Unionists that we have the
offer of aid from a powerful Continental monarch Who, if Home Rule is
forced on the Protestants of Ireland,
is prepared to send an army sufficient
to release England from any further
trouble in Ireland."
* *        *
It is passing strange that not one of
these individuals was arrested, or even
threatened with arrest for their utterances, and the paper which published the
foregoing statement is still doing business,
and has not been Suppressed.
»        * »
It may be asked, but what haa this to
do with the arrest of workers on a chargo
of seditious conspiracy in Canada f It is
a fact that the above rebellious sentiments were not expressed in this
country, and the statements appearing in
thc Irish Churchman were not published
in this land, but they were uttered and
published in the centre of the British
Empire, of which this country is a part.
But they are not seditious. Thoy arc not
considered dangerous as they do not
strike at thc rule of capital. The crime
of the workers is that they have interfered
with the profits of the ruling class, and
that the worker who signs himself 'jftours
in Revolt," ia in revolt against thp cipi-
talistie system. They may not confer with
monarchs that promise'the aid of military
forces, they may only carry on a icim-
paign of education amongst the workers,
aa to the preaent nature of society/ and
the need for a change in thc method^ of
production, but that is dangerous ty-Ahc
ruling elass. It threatens their continued
reign of rule and robbery, and strikfes at
the very root of ruling class power, frhat
is sedition, in the eyes of the ruling class.
Bonar Law stated there would be justification for resisting thc powers of constituted
authority. Tho workers ceased to operate
the moans of production. Bonar Law is
honored, and a leading figure in the affairs
of the British nation. The strike leaders
in Winnipeg who carried out the wishes of
the workers there, kept within the law,
did not advocate resisting the constituted
authority, but they are in goal, without
bail, because they are advocates of a new
order in society, which cannot be delayed
by the actions of the Riling class, which in
its fury places intelligent working class
representatives in the position pf criminals, and ignorant representatives of the
ruling claas, who revolt against their own
laws and constituted authority, on pedestals. Verily the anties of the members
of thc ruling class arc a screaming farce,
and, like thc system that gives thom their
profits, a mass of contradictions.
THE enforcement of law and order is
one of the functions of the State. The
nature of what constitutes law and order
is determined by the ruling class. The
workers, being subjects, must abide by
__..■.-_. the edicts of the
SHALL CONSTI- masters.    During
TOTED AUTHORITY the recent gen-
PREVAtt?  * el.ai    strike    in
Winnipeg, certain
people became imbued with thc idea that
the government was not capable of enforcing its edicts. The workers never had
such fool notions. At the same time, in
thc City of Vancouver, and in many; other
places, similar ideas sprang up in the
minds of a certain section of the community. As a result, law and order
leagues, under the name of citizen's
leagues or some such cognomen, were
formed in order to enable certain people
to maintain law and order, not that
there-was any danger of it being violated,
except by the law and order crowd.1 The
workers in Winnipeg were accused.ofiiinterfering with the constituted autjiptftie'l
and usurping the function of goverBin'Jfnt,
but so far as we can learn the onlypboplc
that in any way attempted to ustjipathe
function of the government was tfte! citi*
zen's committees, they assuming to Btfjjm*
tain law and order, which is a funcdipn, of
the state. It may only be a coinclfltenoc,
but it is at least a peculiar one, thiHhc
same tactics were adopted in the djjppljht
cities. A vast amount of propaganda was
carried on, most of which was carefully
calculated to cause a breach of thej>o*cc.
That it did riot have that effect wef'hot
due to the citizens' committees, but to the
sound, common sense of the workers,
This propaganda cost a good deal of
money. The workers were accused of
having received funds from Bolsheviki
and other sources. To date we have not
heard what source the money that was
used by the law and order crowd came
from. It is, however, a point worth some
consideration, by those who believe in
constitutctd authority.
•        •        •
The latest move by the self-appointed
guardians of law and order is to form a
Dominion-wide league, under the name
of the Canadian Citizens' League. The
press announces that is is to be formed
for the purpose of enunciating the principles of tho One Thousand Committee of
Winnipeg. This is a move that should bc
at once suppressed, as thc functidfi of the
committee of one thousand in Winnipeg
during the strike was to take over thc
functions of the state, namely, to preserve
law and order. This it did by having the
regular police force removed, and special
police take its place, and as a result there
were riots. To those who do not think
the specials were responsible for the riots,
we would suggest that they get photos of
the specials in aotion. They can be secured. We have some of them. -We have
also seen a copy of the diagram of the
formation of the citizens' committee of
this city. Reference has been made in the
press to tho diagram which Russell of
Winnipeg had "of the Soviet government
of Russia. The local citizens' committee
had evidently a' copy of it also, as it is
as near a duplication of the diagram of
thc Soviet government of Rusaia as it
would be possible to make. Can it be
that this is the intention of the new
league? Do tlie promoters of it intend to
overthrow the constituted authorit es,
and institute a government outside,( ( the
present constituted authorities? Wi 1 *hc
government allow an organizational <i be
formed for thc purpose of carrying'cif ;he
functions of government, or shall thi Sc instituted authorities prevail and giyirn
the people? Wo are aware that th«< is
in Vancouver in the process of formttfon,
an organization for the purpose ol >ff-
sctting thc activities of labor. Sure j it
cannot be that the new organization I iat
was formed in Winnipeg on Wednp < ay
night has for its objects the same pur n sc.
The constituted authority is evident * in
danger, but not from any contemni i cd
action of labor, but by those who w uk
that they have a divine mission to take
over the function of government.' Let tho
government beware, lest it allow thc very
thing that it has accused labor of attempting, to be done by lawless citizens that
wihrid usurp the function of thc government, in the name of law and order, bnt
really conceived in minds that lean to
anarchy.
I*
Start New Local With 100
Members—A. Russell
Business Agent
With the election of officers at a
meeting held Wednesday, locat 620,
International Union of Steam aad
Operating Engineers, continued Its
existence with 10ft members to begin with. This aetion was taken
following the secession to the O.
B. U. of the remainder of the WO
membera local 620 formerly had.
The meeting was addressed by
Organizer Parmlloe of the Dominion Trades Congress and the American Federation of Labor who advised the members to begin now
and build up on international principles as the only source ot real
unity and strength. Officers elected were as follows: President,
JVank Phillips; vico-presldent, J.
W. McDonald; business agent, secretary treasurer and organizer, A.
Russell; guard, Fred Combes;
trades and labor council delegatea,
Frank Phillips, Ralph Barr, A. Rus-
sel, J. McDonald, C. Hirst and G,
H. Edwards.
IMPERIAL VETERANS TO
HOLD HOME-COMING
WUl Have Banquet and Conclude
With   a   Dance   oa
Sept. ll
The Imperial Veterans have not
yet held aay official celebration, and
have not been received by any
great acclaim, Hotvevor, on Sop
teinbcr 11 they aro to hold an home*
coming celebration, in which it i«
cipected that 1600 returned Imperial and their dependents will tako
part. The homecoming will tako the
form of a banquet, and conclude
with a danco, which will bo open to
all citizens, and will bc called the
"Mons Dance," as the ilrat Imperinl Voterans' colebration will take
place near the date of tho annivcr
Rnry of the Battlo of Mons. The
Imperial are not receiving the samo
treatment as have the Canadians,
and the organization is formed for
the purpono of looking after the interests of the men who loft Canada
to take part in the war in thc Imporial forces. Many cases of real
hardship have been taken care of
by this organisation, headquarters
of which are at Rootn 214 Bower
Building, Oranvllle Street.
Wilson Succumbed
One of the loaders of liberal English opinion hai declared that Wilson "talks liko a prophet and acts
like Lloyd George"*—a good distance from tho extravagant faith
which liberals of Europe professed
to have in Wilson a few months ago.
Lloyd Oeorge has long been recognized as an old-party man who* hnd
decided to play with tho Conservatives.
Perhaps European Liberals and
those here, too) failed to recognize
the limitations of Wilson becnuso
thoy knew the other national spokesmen better, know what Lloyd
Oeorge, Clemenceau and Orlando
would do and turned to Wilson with
the hope born of despair. He talked
tho wtiy the liberals thought, but iu
the great test he acted with secret
diplomacy and imperialism. — St.
Paul News.
Instead of watching the high cost of
living, Britishers are today watching
with bated breath the rise and fall-
mostly fall—of the pound sterling. Like
the high cost of living, no onc can tell
just where it is going to be tomorrow.
Men's
Shirts
A big shipment of
Stripe Crepe Shirts,
one of the best wearing materials made.
They are from Forsyth of Kitchener, Ontario.
Special at
$2.50 and
$3.00
EACH
RICKSON'S
APPAREL FOR HEN
820 Granville Street
Seymour 2359
art jj,ffi
.    WOULDNT YOU
THINK IT SO?     ._
WOULDN'T yoa think it betta to invest a sum of
monoy in a diamond rather than spend it on trifles
that are soon forgotten!
A diamond thus purchased would be a permanent investment, and would be an ornament of never-failing beauty.
A Hne diamond ring, for instance, can be had for, say,
$50; a brooch or pendant from as low a» 0Z5.
You aro under no-obligation — looking at a selection of
diamond jewellery.
Oeo. E. Trorey
Managing Dir.
Oranvllle ft
Georgia Sts.
.t-am-iX
TEA
ORPHEUM
THEATRElTl
THK HOME OF OOOD
VAUDEVILLE
Matinee  2,30
Evenings 8.30
PANTAGES
** arm wane
"rOOTLIOHT  REVPE"
POSTER I. WHITE ft OQ."
Other Bis ruMrti
Tho choice of the
successful hostesa
-THE-
W. H. MALKIN CO., LIMITED
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Don't order tea-ask your grooer for "KALKIN'S
BEST" Tea
NtOTEOT TOUB FAMILY
PBOTEOT YOUBSELP
Our businoss Is saving
money for your family and
for you.
Crown Life Ins. Co.
Phons Ser. Ita
tU-tt B00EB8 BUM.
BBENTON S. BROWN,
Prov. Manager.
Sond your old address with yoar
new ono when making a change.
.. OUR ..
FALL TERM
Opens Tuesday
September.
2nd
WRITE OR PHONE FAIRMONT 2075
FOR FULL INFORMATION
Success
Business
College Ltd.
Corner 10th and Main, Vancouver, B.C.
E. SCOTT EATON, B.A., Principal.
DENTAL
PLATES
My method of construction is perfected according
to the fundamental principles of dental science.
All plates are theoretically
correct and perfectly
adapted for comfort and
eaae of articulation.
DR. GORDON
CAMPBELL
Opon ivonlnfi 7 to t o'OMck
Dontal Num la Attondaneo
GRANVILLE ST.
Corner •( Robton Street
Over Owl Drug Stor*
FfcMi Sty. 6231
IXCOXPOtA-SD itss
Bank of Toronto
Aotttt ertc ...—.aiOAJOM.m
Deposits    7*,000,00t
Joint Savings Aeeonnt
A JOINT Sa.lngs Accotat m»r bl
•putt M ne Buk ef Ttrotti
la tkt aaau tt tw. tc mon
poreottt, la tktst accounts elthcl
Patty aaj sign cheques at ttoeetl
moneg. nr ttt -Mortal Humbert
•t t tamlly tr a One a join account
u tftta a (nil etartalum. lateral
■"HS-hi balsam.
Vaneoorer Braaeh:
Oemc Italian aaa CeaMt sitcom
TMerla,   Mtmtl, Vn'WtltmlaKti
■
MEANTIMB  IT'S  TBI MHO-BIB-
TAHOB tUICIOin
In tbt days tktt trt ahead, tkt en*
terprislng b-ulatsa man will no doubt
Iltve hit air aitclilnt. Wben he waala
to Interview in out-of-town cuitoaser,
t few ininulet' glide through the air
will bring him and hla mtn together.
Metntime, ho hus to bt content
with somothing short of that Ht
finds thlt most eficlent substitute la
tht Long-Distance Telephone. Thli
brings him volre*lo*volco wltb hit cut-
toiner. nnd gives all lhat it necetttry
of the personnl touch.
B. O. TELEPHONE OOMPAMT. LTD.
School of Metaphysical Healing
Tuition in aalf-hculing $1.00 for three
loBuonfi.    No chargo for treatments.
673 HORNBY STREET
Phone Seymour 7814X
MONET IN OIL
We tre In t position to tell the following  It  advents,:. s  prices:    Cnnada
Oil * Ventura, Pitt Mttdowa, Splrti*-*,
Kmpire, Lont Star, O. Tex. Weimar,
Trojan, Boundary Bay, international aai
othor good stocks.
"McOVAIO'S"
191 Homtr St. Phont Sey. TMS
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
lltO Uoorgia Strut
Sunday services, IL a.m. and 7.30 p.m.
fliuuU)' school immediately following
inoniios lerrlet. Wednesday testimonial
mc-atfnjr. 9 p.tn, Fret reading room.
gni-903   Ulrica   HM*.
DENTIST *
Dr. H. E. Hall
OROWK AND BB-DQB
SPECIALIST
M HASTINOS EAST
Ofpwtt. Holden Black
tail But tl B. 0. Blsetrlo Oepel
OOH'T OUBSS-BB IOBB
ftm sir. <ms
Our .Spiling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest poi
sible consistent wit!
value.
__■
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
346 Hastings Streajt
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foste
Limited
** wanted !■ BRITISH COLUM
BIA to aell oir llekttu and aeei
doit policlei. Coit $1.00 pe,
moath. I"sys benefit for all aocl
dents and ovory known disease
Many othor like ral features.
If yoa ean soil our policies wo'1
bo. glad to hear from you.
Merchants Casualty C
391 Rogers Bonding Vinconwr, B.
odBW_B5Raaa
Stat np Phons Sej-mtlb 13M1
areriBtauat
Dr. W. J. Carr
DENTIST
Salt* Ml Dominion BaiUlag
VANCOUVER, B. a
lit. Union Man, lo job buy a
Blion atoral   * taa»AT_.
..August   82, 19,
Union Store
for
Union Men
400 Suits being sacrificed at cost,
$0.00 to $25.00. Do you want to
save money. If so, buy two or
three of them.
In Furnishings, we have 12 pairs
Sox for $2.00.
Reg. $1.75,12.00 and $2.50 Negligee Shirts for $150; sizes 14 to 20.
We fit all comers, big or small.
We are a Union Store. We support a Uuion Labor paper. We
expect our proportion of Union
trade. We are not getting our
share of Labor Union customers.
We support your paper—you must
support us.
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West
svavnat— tbab. n.. m    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    i-vbrmvs, a a
pAGimi
MEATPACKERSARE
US
Chicago   Federation   of
Labor Places Blame
in Right Place
He Just Hnri It
Washington—A local newspaper
printed int.rvi.wi by membera of
Congreaa on tho president'e high-
••ostoMiving apeeeh is Congress.
Senator King, of Utah, il quoted aa
follows:
"I have heard that there was a
programme to organize a great Btrike
now, ti. up th. transportation sys*
torn and tako over th. railroad..
Then, next winter, when the people
were ihivoring for want ef eoal, to
organiie another atrike in the minea,
eut off th« country's fuel aupply and
take over the minea, Theae things
win not happen ia view ef thii (the
president's) vigorous and fearloss
expression. No threats are going ta
affright tta government."
The metal trades ef Butte and
district art out on atrlke 109 per
eent. for na inerease in wages.
CANADIAN
NATIONAL
RAILWAYS
The Une of  Transportation
that Belong! te All the Nation
CANADIAN
NATIONAL
BAH.WATS
IT PATS Id USB IT
Ronnd Trip Simmer Tonriat Ratoa
$50.50 IDMONTOHCALOARY $50.50
Roturn Lhall October Mat
AQ Tear Toariit Tickets I sooth* return limit oa aal* te
Eastern Canada, Central and Baitern Statea,
Passing tkrongk the Rooklaa
WHERE KATUEE SPEAKS PROM SHOW OBOWXZD PEAKS
Trains leava Vancouver Unloa SUtion
9:00 a-u.—Sunday, Tuesday aad Friday—0:09 om.
For Rates aad Information apply to
ASSISTANT OBKERAL PASJBKOER AQEMT
808 Hastings St Wait VANCOUVER, B. O. Pkoa* SinwM tell
AOENT FOR ALL ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP LINES
Was An Attempt to Stop
the Organization of
Packing Plants
To disrupt tho trado union move-
moat, moat packers started tke recent riot* which resulted in tko
death and injur/ ol sevoral hundred
persons.
This charge is made in a proclamation issued by the officers of Ihe
Chicago Federation of Labor.
With tho issuance of the proclamation over 40,000 stook yards employees suspended work to compel
the authorities to withdraw soldiers,
policemen and guards from the stook
yards vicinity. Tho workers deelare
thoy have no objection to working
with colored workers, who will join
the trade union movoment if lot
alono.
In their proclamation, the officers
of tho Federation of Labor say:
"The profiteering meat packers of
Chicago aro responsible for the race
riots that have disgracod the city.
"Ever since organizod labor first
started to unite the stock yards employoes, tho packers havo fought
thoso efforts of tbe workers with
every weapon at thoir command.
"Discriminating agalnBt *_nion
men, they have fired them and hired
non-union men in their places. In
recent years their principal recruiting points for non-union workers
have been in the south, and nonunion colored workers have been
brought here in groat numbers j'.'st
aB they are being brought hero now
by thc railroads—or were up to the
outbreak of tho race riots.
"Organised labor has no quarrel
with the colored worker, Workors,
wJtite and black, are fighting tno
Mime^batfr.'o. The uniona met tbo action of the packers by starting to
organize tbe colored workers.
"As soon as this work commenced,
the packers started to fight tho
unions with foul tactics. They subsidised negro politicians and negro
preachecs and sont tbem out among
the colored men and women to induce them not to join the union.
"Their purpose in this, which during the last several weeks has borne
bitter fruit, was to plsy upon raco
prejudice''and create dissension be
tween whito and blacks, Which
would prevent the colored workers
from joining the unions and prejudice the whito workers against them
for that reason, Notwithstanding
their efforts, the colored workers
camo info the union In large numbers.
"Squads of union organizers hold
street corner meetings as tho workers lefts the yards. Tho packers called on Captain Caughlin of the stock
yards station for mounted police to
break up these meetings, and Captain Cnughlin, tool of the packers,
sent his blue coats there to ride down
the men who gathered to listen to
the speakers. This caused a strike
of stock yard workers until the federation officials and the officials of
the stock yards labor council stepped
in and secured the transfer of Captain Caughlin away from the yards
and the cessation of this Cossack
practice.
"The union planned a g'gantic
mass meeting and demonstration to
take place Sunday, July 6, at which
white and black workers were to parade together throughout the stock
yards district and gather to hear
speakers in a publie playground.
"On the last, day before this
event, the packers called upon the
police and said they had Information
Editor B. C. Federattomat: 8U^-
Why would it not be a good idea &
seize the visit of the Prinee of Walei
as aa opportunity for proclaiming
the liberty ot all politieal prisoners
in Oaaada, especially minister* of,
the Ooapel, Woodsworth and Ivenp,
and Socialistic reformers! He, the
Prinee, to be the defender of tW
faith, ete. ii
Suek proclamation would causer
additional real ground of rejoicing
on the oooaaion ot bis vieit.
Jf. HART U YINOSTON.
140—19tk W., North Vancouver,
August 10, 1919.
A eonvention of members of the
tradei onions, Canadian Labor Party
and the Social Democratic Party ot
Toronto, has beon arranged for the
purpose of combining and selecting
candidates for the Provincial and
municipal elections.
that tho negroes wero arming to assault the whites and they wanted tha
parade permit revoked—at loast
they wanted the negroes and whiter
to march separately.
''Is not thcir purpose dear!
'They succeeded in having tho
whites and negroes separated into
two parades, instead cjf lotting them
march together. This was done, but
the marchers in tho two parades
marged into one audience at the play
ground to hoar thc speakers. And
thero they fraternized peacefully
and cordially—united workers.
v "At every opportunity the packers and their hirelings fanned the
fires of race prejudice and the fires
of prejudice between striko-brcokcrs
and organised workers, hoping for
the day to arrive when union white
men would refuse to work beside
unorganized colored men, so that the
union men, whito and black, could,
be discharged and non-union work-'
ers, white and black; put In their
places, until thc spark came that ignited the tinder piled by the packers
and the race riots ensued,
"The only thing that saved the
city from becoming a shamble was'
organized labor. Night and day tke
officials of the stock yards labor
council toiled ami fought to hold in
cheek thc forces of orgnnized labor-
to show them that the situation was
the result of exploitation of whito
and black workers alike by the criminals of big business and to prevent
workers from assaulting other workers. ' ,
It stands to tho credit of the
union workors of Chicago that ncithi
er black nor white union men party
cipated in the rioting, despite the
lying accounts published daily by the
kept press, bought body and soul by'
thc advertisements of tho packets*
and other crooks of big business. $
"The white union mon of tho city
did not fall for the game of tne
packers. The colored union men als*
refused to bo misled into violencti,'
and cast their influenco on thc side
of those of their race that active)^
participated in thc disorder, *
"Tho rioting subsided and thMi
some one flred the homes of hundreds'
of white workers baek of the yards
and these homes were burned to the
ground. The newspapers and polico,
jointly tools of the packers, tried to
convince the citizens that colored
workers had set fire to those homes.
"Why!
"It is perfectly obvious that the
criminals that played race against
race until blood flowed in the streets
of our city, had carried their work
further and mnde this last effort to
inflame the Polish and Lithunian
white stock yards workers against
the colored workers.''
To support their charges, theee or*
ganized -workers say that whilo public officials and the packers were
talking for five days during the riots
nbout this problem, the men who
knew the most about the problem
wero not consulted. Thc acknowledged leader of honest and intelligent
negroes was ignored, as was Judge
Alschuler, who has conferred with
the stock yards workers for many
months in his capacity as arbitrator.
No officer of union labor, either
white or blaek, was nsked for advico.
ISTSWANTAMEW
Endone One Big Union
Proposals and Claim
Change Necessary
Tokio.—AH leading Tokio newspapers have suspended publication
aa a teault of tho compositors' itrike.
Tko Men ar* demanding 70 yen (MS)
monthly. The, aro now receiving SO
yea.
Borgion
Brussels.—-A apoeial labor congreaa
resolved today to call a general
atrike in Belgium at Midnight Sunday if tko governmont doea not respond to labor's final appeal.
Paria.—A general correspondent of
"Le Tompa" from Spain announces
that tke cabinet ku decided to grant
a general amnesty "on tko occasion
of tho signing of tko peaee."   The
Sovernment kai also decided to aban-
on tko consorskip of the press except in thoso sections tkat are ao*
undor military law.
Portugal
Paria. — A dispatch to "Le
Tempo" from Lisbon, deaeribing tke
general striko ia that city, states
tkat the printers refuted to put out
the newspapers; tke bakera baked •
minimum ration j**the street-ears moved about witk two armed soldiers
on oach car during ths day, and four
in tho ovening. The railroad and
postal services wort oa regular
schedule.
Clubb & Stewart
Established 29 Yeara LIMITED
 UNION   STORE —
315 HASTINGS STREET WEST PHONE SEY. 702
I BOYS' DEPARTMENT I
New Fall Clothing
School boys are already being outfitted for September,
and we call attention to the quality and excellent workmanship of the new Suits shown in good tweeds and all-
wool serges; Norfolk and other styles.
OVERCOATS,  GOLF HOSE, HATS  AND
CAPS, UNDERWEAR, PYJAMAS,
NIGHTGOWNS, ETC.
SMALL BOYS' WASH SUITS
All prices groatly reduced te mako nom for new stock.
COTTOK AMD STRAW HATS, np to *LM, fig
now - _—.. ,i,„ .i OOC
BATHING SUITS
flood navy, trimmed orange, white and eardinal; nit
all sine to it, at I OOC
WOBLt WIDE lEWSj
Would Withdraw from A.
F. of L. and Form
Metal Trades
[By W; J. Ke-ly in the N. Y. Call]
The smoldering fire of indignation
that has long burned the breasts of
machinists of New York and vicia-
ity, found expression at the last regular meeting of Micrometer Lodge
460, International Association of
Machinists, called to discuss renditions in the machine industry aad to
get thc sentiment of the rank and
file.
Over 700 good standing union men
and- women attended. Action was
taken tending to show that the
workers of America have been gross*
ly misrepresented and that the rank
and file knows what it" wants despite
the lies in the capitalist press, the
false propaganda and the action of
misleaderi.
They took issue with the statement
of tho mislcaders of labor that the
workers are satisfied, that they aro
better off than they ever wore, that
dissatisfaction is stirred up by small
groups of foreign agitators and
similar "bunk? that is the stock in
trade of some who claim to speak for
American trado unionism.
Micrometer Lodge, despite tho action of the recont convontion at Atlantic City, reaffirmed the well-
known aspiration of the machinists'
organization in favor, of a metal
trades industrinl union, as the following resolution adopted, at the
meeting indicates:
-Resolutions Adopted"
Whereas, in tho evolution of in-
dustriul capital small enterprises aro
merged into larger corporations,
which in turn arc combined and developed into powerful trusts and
monopolies; and
"Whereas, this constant centralization and concentration, greatly ac-
tt .crated by tho war, has now assumed tremendous and staggering
proportions, as is evidenced by such
combinations of capital ns the Steel
Trust Packing Trust and the like;
lind
Whereas, these trusts are now
ibeing interlocked and combined into
pne large organization  of capital,
fnftmmonly known as tho Propertied
forests, in other words, the One
g Union of capital; and
how Methods Needed
"Whoroas, In order successfully to
vombat this tremendous and ever-
growing power of tbo exploiting
class, which by its control of tho
jobs, food supplies and other necessities -of life controls the destinies
and lives of tho working olass, it
becomes necessary to adopt new and
more efficient methods of organisation; and
"Whereas, we recognize that the
awakening masses the world over are
forging a new weapon, commonly
known as the One Big Union, for
thcir better protection against the
oppression of the master class:
Endorse One Big Union
"Now, therefore bo it resolved,
that we, members of the International Association of Machinists of District 15, assembled at an educational
mooting called by Micrometer Lodgo
400 at Baengerbund Hall, Friday,
July 25, 1919, for thc purpose of dis.
cussing ways and means of strengthening our orgnnir-nUnn, do endorso
tho Ono Big Union movement, and
urge its application to oar industry
for the purpose of effecting the amalgamation of all crafts in the motal
industry into a powerful industrial
oi'tfimization.
"Wc further urge lhat all other
industries bo orgnniztvl along the
samo lines, to the end Hint these industrial organizations may bo interlocked and combined into onc solid
working class organizntion, thus
providing nn Irresistible power
which could bc easily and efficiently
-used in behalf of the working clnss
wherover and whenever required and
demanded; and be it further
"Resolved, That we cnll upon the
progressive members of our organization to propagate and educate
along those lines among the workers
in the various crafts of tho American Federation of Labor."
Oonvention Discussed
The actions of tho recent eonvention of the Amorican Federation of
Labor wero discussed. The loading
oritioisms voiced were based upon
the lieartlots action toward Eugene
Victor Dobs, tho imprisoned Socialist
and Labor leader; the failure to
atand by Thomas J. Mooney ta any
great extent and the refusal to eall
a conferonco in favor of industrialising the metal trades unions.
As a result of this a resolution was
adopted urging the grand lodge to
continue Its efforts to transform the
eraft unions in the metal trades into
one big industrial union, and to
sever affiliation with the American
Federation of Lnbor. The resolution
roads as follows:
"Whereas, at the eleventh annual
convention of the Motal Trades department of the A. F. of L,, held at
Atlantic City, N. J., tho proposition
submit tnd by tho delegates of the International Association of Machinists as adopted by the rank aad file
of all metal trades was shamefully
defeated; and
"Whereas, we believe that the defeat of this admirable and desirable
proposition was brought about
through the influenco of Samnel
Oompers, president of the A. T. of
L. and his clique of reactionary offi-
oeri; and
Drug Specials
ak5 sa¥
lATOBDAT   OMIT
...I9e
WMT
•1.35 Pinkhara's Compound
50c    Keid's Kidney PiU«  ame
91.00 KeJJoggi Asthma Can .--.67c
SOc Ferrosone   lie
91.00 Liquid Anro*  .Tit
25c Carter's Pills ' - l*c
fl.00 Bitro Phospkst* -st, -»Te
25c Nature's  Remedy Tablets .—14c
20c Health  Salts    lit
50e Emulsified  Coesanut Oil  23t
11.00 Nazated Iroa .Me
25c Beeeham's  Pills  L lie
54s Pebeea _—  , ..,, -We
11.00 Raid's  Byray af Hrpophis-
pbitae ***-
25c CariMlle Tee* Powder .
11.00 Rerpiclde  .....	
SOe Velaor Sbamfia .
lb r
-Wc
lte
SOe Aspirin Tablets,  1 4os.....l0e -
SSe Castor Ott -..«_. .ITe
S5c Glyceric*   MO
SSe AmnsiiQ Cascara ...„_......lie
10c Cfcemleal Pood ..Me
JOe A. B. S. * 0.
Go Creotin .... ....
lOe Packages Salts, Boraeic
Aell. Bulpber, Oaaiaheratod
Chalk, Llsoriee Fewfer,
Alum, Boras —...„... le
War Taa Bttn When Be««taU
Vancourer Drag Ca
tbb oktantL otn-ttAia
onroami or vamoov-m
MS Htsllafa M. W Ser. IMS
7 Hutl-we W. W An. MM
412 Main   81  ge>. Mm
TM Onmrllle St. .*. ..ler* WU
1700 Commertlsl Dp Hlpth. IIS
Granville ud Broadwej-....B.r. 1314
A. 7. of L. Denounced
"Whereas, judging bjr IU paat ami
promt actions, the A. F. ef L. be,
pro-red itMlf ft stumbling Meek In
front of ftll progressive, up-to-date
nud constructive ecu, ftn .ideals In
Uie Amerioftn Labor movement; ftod
"Whereas, through tho oril lata-
•m exerted by lti preotnt leaden,
tbt A. P. ot U bat becomo Ike eita*
Peris.—Almost every iaaue of "Lo
Tempo" contains a column hosdod
"Strike*." During June and etrif
July, tho column wae filled witk accounts of strikes among the miners
and tke machinists. It is significant
of tke situation that a papor of the
complexion of the Toiups should pay
bo much attention to labor conflicts
as to report -them regularly.
Huagaiy
New York.—Fragmentary though
tho news filtering through from Hungary regarding Beta Kun's resignation is, it ia nevertheless sufficient
to show that an entirely false interpretation is being put upon the
events that havo transpired there.
The capitalist papers have tried
to demonstrate that the governmont
has ceaaed to be a workera' government. As a mat lor ef fact, though
Kun is no longer promier, the new
cabinet is Socialist. In Hungary, it
will be remembered, the two Socialist winga, when the hour atruck for
them to (take over the reigns of government, forgot thoir theoretical oVif-
foreuces and formed a cabinet in
which all shades of Socialism were
roprcaentod.
Konray
Ohriatiania.—Deportation holda ao
terrors for workers deported to a
country liko Norway, where the labor movement la strong. Olaf Fin*
nested wus one of theee ahlpped frota
Seattle to New York on the "Bed
Speeial" last winter, and from there
to Norway. He it now very happy at
his lot, for night after night ke
has an opportunity to address meetings from a soap-box on conditions
in the Unitod Statos.
He finds that wages are two
crowns an hour (about 70 oents),
while living costs him 30 crowns a
week. "Wages are high," ho declares, "food is alao high but plentiful; ae there ia no need for anyone
to bo soured to come over and give
us a helping hand."
ONTARIO MINERS ARE
HAVING BIO STRIKE
Mm Owners' Am Responslblt for
Praieat Striko Situation
In Cobalt
Nevor was a atrike moro complete
or effoctive thnn tbo ono that has
tied up the mines in Cobalt so effectively thot not a single ounce of ore
is being lifted and tho groat mining
camp is one of thc quietest, industrial
centres in any pnrt of Cunnda at the
present momont.
The Hon. Gideon Robertson, minister of Labor, whose efforts to liavo
the mine owners consent to the appointment of a board of investigation and conciliation ,only to be peremptorily turned down, has emphatically stated that they, tho mine owners, are absolutely responsible for
forcing the union to take drastic action, and that the demunds of tho
union are reasonable nnd of tmch a
character that tho magnates with
very little effort, could have easily
arrived at an amicable nnd mutually
advantageous nndprRtiinding.
At Kirkland Lako, also, where the
strike is still on, a similar orderly
state of affairs exists as prevail in
Cobalt.
T.B. CUTHBERTSON*Co.
Htn'i Hatton tad OtttfltUn
WO OranviUe Stmt
•19 Haitian Street Weal
Rcilittrtdjn *cr*t%Umm vttfc tf»
vSyfnfM -Mil
Safety—or sorrow
If weeoaMbatmliiefait—i
tkat tke teeth an aboilllfr
essential te gweral ketMk—
te eay totkiaf tt e|faare*lM
to be btonieked'witk a* »Mh
w a single spet et iwaf.
Modern o4_oa«-m M tk* M*-
|ect Is -Mat ae* te Mat as te
• reeHaatlsa el tkt Ufk part
plain* hy tta teeth la tua
•fain, tat alHI aeaar el aa net
witlietl '-■
ritheal w
matt wHkaat sraeaef Ike tn*
•Met thaw ahatU eetny.   Hm
-tents rf umt. mm at
mail   law el ae ta aet i
Dental sHiatlea eases Uts^-H
eeeare4 reialarir aaa ffetaeaOes.
Mara an em lata Uf limiiaa
—sal eipeatin ta eveey wftr.    !
i
Dr. Lowe
Hne D-ntMqr
umm aim Anon
Ikeae lar. MM
Kami, ThMMM * Oltflt
rwtm—X, DOtaorcu
ssi Hoaer M. Jmttawm, % tt
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federatknist Advertutm
HM Tlur Are, Iadexed fee Te»
Mr. Union Man, Ont Ikls Out and Ohre It te Teat WUa
. Banks
Bank of Toronto, Heatinge * Cambie; Vietoria, M-anHt aad Hew Westminster.
Boyal Baak ef Canada, It Braaekea in Taaeenm,»la B. 0,
SLellj'a...
Bakeries
..Pkeaa raiment ie\
Tlsdalls Limited...
Ktuloy k Co.	
J. A, Flett	
BiqrdM
 Ul Kaetlnfe atreet __
Itl Main atreat, trnptau tom\
 Haetiafa Btreet W-MK
Billiards
Poeket Billiard Parlor..
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Boom)-
_41 ttae—f> Btreet Baa»
-   *-      -     tSottt
..Hastiafa Street 1
Clubb * Stewart	
B. C. Outfitting Co..
B. C. Tailoring Co._
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Now Tork Outfitting Co.-
KiekaoQ 'a.*..
David Spencer Ltd..
W. B. Briunitt...
Tliomee k MoBaia..
Woodwards' Ltd...
T. B. Cutkbertsons * Co	
Maedonald Marpole Oo_
HiUorest Daiij .
Valley Dairy ...
Dentists
Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Caaielnian......—._ 601 Hastings Wes*
Dr. W. J. Curry. .  —   —301 Dominion Building;
Dr. Gordon Campbell.—„.  Corner Qranvllle and Bobson Street*
Dr. U. K. Hall 1  19 Hastings Street Bast, Seymour 404*
Dr. Lowe -....*. —Cornor Kastiigi aad Abbott Street*
Another Alliance
The Big Threo thought they could
put a barrier between Russia and its
now natural western allies by creating a strong Poland and a strong
■Roumania. Flagrant violations of
democratic principles wore made to
reach this end. Already Roumania
is kicking in with Italy, the present
leador of the opposition alliance.
In othor words, the acts of our
statesmen have resulted at once in
the formation of another balanco of
powor, with the Leaguo of Nations
playing the role of an alliance between the threo great powers. The
next great war is woll under way.
del of narrow and bigoted reaction-
ism; and
'Whereas, judging by experience,
past and present craft unionism is a
total failure in safeguarding and
furthering the interests of thc workers, therefore, bo it
'Resolved, that wo declare onr-
selves in favor of an industrial form
of organization.
Demand Amalgamation
'That we endorse and demand the
amalgamation of all metal trades;
"That we request tho genoral executive board of the I. A. of M. to
take immediate aetion to carry out
the amalgamation of all metal trades
along the lino of industrial organization, with tho ultimate aim of uniting all labor into 'Ono Big Union/
for the best interests of the working elass;
"That we institute as soon ns possible a referendum vote on tho proposition that tho I. A. of M. shall
immediately sever its affiliation witk
the A. F. of L.;
'.hat eopies of this resolution be
sent to the grand lodge and to all
lodges of ihe L A. of It."
Boots and Show
Goodwin Shoe Co., Ut Hastlvgs Street Wtm\
Nodelay Shoe Co     ,,   WT Orn-nville f-1"
Pierre Parie. i tt r    	
Wm. Diok Ltd...
Ingledew Shoe Store..
Ml OreavUU ftreot
Baak Buffet.
Caf*
Oood Bata Cafe	
Trocadero Cafe..
-Ul
HoMa-p end -baeo* SMMk
(Mo- aad Ml Pender Wt«H
 IN Haatinge Btreet Wet*
Chinaware and Toys
Millar * Coe. Ltd   lit Hastings Btreet Week
Cigars
BI Doro and all Union Label Cigars
Clothin* and Gen?s Outfitting
Arnold * Quigley Ml OranviUe Wreak
Claman's Ltd  i -Ul Hastings Street Weat
..30M1J Hastings Btreet Weet
Thos. Foster k Co., Ltd.
W. Foster k Co., Ltd..
N. Harvey Ltd	
Tke Jonah-Prat Co...
-It Haatiifle Btreet Weat
...121 Hastings Street laat
.M-tt Heating a Street Baak
.814 Oranvillo Street
-IM Haatinga Street Weet
-US Hastings Want and Tieteria, A ft,
 HI Hastings Street Weet
 _1« Haatinga Street Weet
 810 Oraaville Street
 Haatinge Street
...Cordova Street
..OranviUe Street
 Hastings and Abbott Street*
..Granville Street aad Hastings Stroet
Coal
Kirk * Co, Ud.™
...Ml Main gt, Seymonr 14*1 aad 4M?
 1001 Main Street
Dairies
.Pbone Fair. 10H
...Phone Bay. 85*
Drinks
Bank Builett — -	
Bri I nnnia Beer  	
..'nnead« Boor 	
Taxi—Soft Drinks	
Van Bros.  	
...Oor Hastings and Homer Street*
...Weatminster Brewery Co.
— Vancouvor Breweries I.tdi
 — 400 Dunsmuir Stroot
  Cidora aad winea
Gordoa Dryadale Ltd...
Dry Goods
 Granville Street
Florists
Brown Bros, k Co. Ltd   48 Haatinge Beat and 788 Oraaville Straet
Funeral Undertakers
Center k Hanna Ltd    1041 Georgia, Soymour 348%
 - 631 Homer Stroet
..41 Hastings Stroet West
Is'iitiu, Thomson k Olegg...
Haatinga Furniture Oo	
Furniture
Groceries
Cal-Van Market... 	
Slaters" (threo stores).
...Haatinga Streot Opposite Pantago*
...Hastinga, Granville and Main Street*
8. T. Wallace Marketaria  118 Hastings Street Weat, Seymour 126t
Woodwards  — Hastings and Abbott Street*
Spemers Ltd   -    Hostings Street
Broadway Table Supply   818 Broadway Eaet
Insurance
korchants' Casualty Co Rogers Building
Jewelers
Birks Ltd...     Granvillo and Georgia Street*
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. M»lkin...._.— _  (Malkin's  Best***
Overalls and Shirts
Twin Bute (Jas. Thomson k Sons, Vancouver, B. C.))
"Big Horn" Brand. _ _ (Turner Boston k Co., Victoria, B. 0.)>
Paints
HunterHendoraon Paint Co „  842 OranviUe Street
Printers and Engravers
—  Labor Tempi*
 —•- —— Tower Building*
Cowan k Brookhouae.
ClellandDibblo.
P. O. a.
Railways
 and tbe	
-O. N. »
Tools
J. A. Flett  -— 	
Martin, Kalayeon * Mather	
Theatres and Movies
Empress —_. Orpheum __ Pantages
Haatinga Street Weati
 Hastings Street Waat
Oefawbia  Maple Lea* PAGE SIX
eleventh yeab. Wo. h    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vakcotjveb, b. o.
FRIDAY..  August '22, 191*
There's a Big Difference
in Prices Now!
Beforo the CAL-VAN MABKET arrived on tbe job,
yoa wero forced to pay from twenty to fifty per cent,
moro for wbat you eat tban wbat you need pay today.
Tbe old methods of merchandizing were slow and costly. Instoad of supplying your food direct' fvr i the
producer, it was compelled to pass through n scries of
middlemen's bands. Like thc proverbial snowball, the
price kept growing in aiec as it rolled.
THE CAL-VAN MARKET .effected * savins of middlemen's
profits, high natela, delivery costs, bookkeeping ebergee wd
ether frills incidental to ttat usual store—wblch yoa have to
i. pay for—and can't eat.
TW net saving amounts from one-quarter to one-fifth on your
mimI monthly expenditures. That is what the OAL-VAN
MARKET has done for you. Come in and see thc display of
freah, eatable foodstuffs of first quality only, and the reduced
prloea ln plain filirti,
Cal-Van Market
Haitingi Wert
Opp. Pantagei
CHEAP MEAT
Vancouver Unions
TB_D_8 ADD LABOB COUNCIL— Ei.
eeative eoaunittee: President, E.
Which; -flee-presldent. J. Kevensgb;
treeeaier, F, Knowles; seneent-el-arnH,
W. A. Abi-iier* traileee. W, A. Prit*
ekeW, W. B. Cottrell, P. McDonneil. H.
SalMiiCS* sterourj, V. B. llidflej,
Beeat 210 Lahor Temple.	
[of 0. B. U.—Meets every Wednesdft-f, 8
o. in. President H. Mills; business
•sent, F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenue
Best; secretary-treasurer, J. Hartley, 5S7
Homer etreet. Offico, 687 Homer street.
Phone, Sey. 4117.
ALLIBD   PRINTING   TRADES   COUN-
ell—MeeU   seeond    Monday    Is    the
Heath.    President, J. F. McConnell; sec*
telary, B. H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 68.
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA*
tional Union ol America, Local No. 110
—MeeU seeond and fourth Tuesdays in
Ike moath. Room 205 Labor Temple. Pre*
eideat, 0. E. Herrltt: secretary, R. A.
Webb, 188 Hastings etreet west. .
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
sad Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 87
—MeeU seeond and fonrth Mondaya.
Preeldent Jas. Hastings; flnanclal sec*
rotary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 1646
llth Ave. East.
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS.
Loeal No. 617—MeeU every second
aad fonrth Monday evening. 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. President, J. Reid; sec*
reUry, E. J. Temein, 1223 Georgia East;
bnsineaa agent and financial secretary,
0. 0. Tbom, Room 208 Labor Temple.
Phone Sey. 7485.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL No.
219—MeeU at 440 Fender Street
Weat, every Monday, . 8 p.m. Presl*
deal, H. H. Woodside, 440 Pender W.;
recording eecreUry, W. Foulkes, 440 Pen*
ear Street West; Ineaeial seeretary and
heelness agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street West; assistant seeretary,
F. R. Burrows,
BOTEL AND RESTAURANT EM-
ployees, Loeal 18—Meets every flrst
Wednesday la tbe month at 1:80 p.m.
aad every third Wednesday la the month
at 8:10 p.m. Preaident, Harry Wood;
seeretary aad bnsiness agent. W. Mee*
keeslo, oBee and meeting ball, 014 Pen-
der St. W. Phoae Bey. 1681. OBee
jeers:   11 U 11 neon; 1 to 5.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK*
ere' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Fridays, 106 Labor Temple. Preeldent, W.
Helmet,, Colonial ApU., Bnrrard Street:
seeretary-trcasnrsr, B. J. Bnell, 816
Dnumnlr Street.
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNION   No.   226
Meete laat Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vice.
president, W. H. Youhill; secreUry*
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meets
In annual convention In January. Ex*
cntive .ofieers. 1818-18: President. J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vanoouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland. J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prlnee Rupert, Geo. Caeey; Vanconver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A, 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 40S Dunemulr St.,
Vancouver, B. C. .
	
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Conncil—MeeU flret and
third Wedneedaye, KnlghU of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Preal.
dent, B. Simmons; vice-president, T,
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 302, Victoria, B. 0.
HOBTH VANCOUVEB
U. B. OF CARPENTERS AND JOIN.
ers, Loeal 1777—MeeU flret snd third
Mondays in I. 0. 0. F. Hal], Lower Kieth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, W.
Cummlngs, 10th Street East, North Van*
couver; flnanclal seeretary. Arthur Roe,
210—18th St. W., North Vancouver.
Pass The Federationist along and
help got new subscribers.
LUMBER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
Union ef the One Big Union—AtUiated
with B. O. Federatioa of Labor and
▼aaeeever Tradee and Labor' Council—
Aa iadastrial satoa of aU worhers ia
Mfglng sad eonatraetloa samps. Head*
tauten, 61 Cordova Btreet West, Vaneoaver, B. 0. Phone Bey. 76S6, E,
Wines, secreury-tressurer; legal sdvls-
ere, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald * Co, Van-
eeaver. B. 0.1 anditors, Messrs. Butter
A Ohlene, .Vaneoaver, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Loeal 8862—OBee ead
Ball, 604 Pender Street Weat. MeeU
list snd third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chspmsn; easiness
agoat, P. Sinclair.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AMD
Batcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
MeeU flrst aad third Tuesdays of eseh
moath, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; reeordlng secretary, Fred
Lilly; flaanelal seeretary and bnelneee
afloat, T. W. Anderson, 687 Homer "'
Pattern   makers*   league   of
Berth America (Vancouver snd vleln-
Sr)—Branch meets sscond snd fourth
safari. Room 104 Lsbor Temple. Presl*
float, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver: flaanelal secretary, E. God*
flard, 866 Rlebsrds Street; reeordlng seeretary, J. D. Bussell, 828 Commercial
Drive.   Phono High. 1204R.
-SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AtlD
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 3SA,
•fries 6—Meets the Ind and 4th Fridays
at the month. Labor Temple, 0 p.m.
Preeldent,* John Sully; Inanelal secreUry, M. A. Phelps; bnsiness sgent and
corresponding secretary, W. Lee. OBce,
— 118*220 Labor Temple.
OKI BIG UNION UNIT of Steam and
Operating Englneera — Meets every
Meeday. 7:30 p.m., Labor Temple. President, F. L. Hunt; vice-president. Percy
tmpmsn; secretary-treasurer snd busl*
aeae agent, W. A. Alexander. Room 216,
Labor Temple.   Phoae Seymonr 7485.
ftakEY AND ELECTRIC BAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, Be. 101
—MeeU A. 0. F. Hall, Moiat Plessant,
1st end Srd Mondsys st 8 p.m. Presl*
deal, W. H. Cottrell: recording eecreUry, A. V. Lot'lng, 3330 St. Catherines
Street; treasn.er, E. 8. CleveUnd;
flnanclal secretary and business agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; of Ice
corner Prior and Main etreels.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS, CHAUFraJHS
* WAREHOUSEMEN. Vancouver Unit
/\TJR Summer Prices are new
" on; remodelling furs, expert tanning and dyeing at
reasonable rates; largest manufacturers in British Colombia.
—PUBS POB 8ALE-
New York Fur
Company
Kt and 654 OEOBOIA SI.
Opposite Hudson's Bay
Seymour 9876
CUTS
And Commercial Art
for use la
Newspapers,   Catalogues,   Souvenir
Booklets, Ete.
518  HASTraOB ST.  W.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1868
Capital Authorized _ -....$ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up  $ 15,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 16,000,000
Total Assets...... _ $430,000,000
566 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Wert Indies.
Alto branches in London, England; New York City and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vanoouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Hobson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weet.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville aud Seventh Ave. West
1050 Commercial Drive.
Cornet* Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Coiner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
__]__—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 26 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINOS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens an account on wliich intorest is paid hulf yearly
at current rates.
THOS. PEACOCK, O, W. Tk——*—, Vaneonver,
Manager Vancouver Baneb Supervisor for & a
What Queensland Labor
Government Is and
WiU Do
[By W. Francis AJiern]
If you want to boo Socialism in
actual practice, functioning without
disorder, you have, to go to Queens-
laud (Australia) where the Byan
labor gov cm in t-nt has worked wonders under a scheme of state Socialism. It would fill this paper to detail tho uiany schemes in hand in
that coun try—f rom cheap food for
the people to stnte insurance—but
tho following, being a brief outline
of thc Queen stand meat scheme will
give some idea as to how Socialism
is brought to thc door of tho workers of that country.
When the Byan labor government
secured power in thc state of
Queensland in 1915 it sot about
cheapening thc prices of foodstuffs
for tho people,, ignoring tho old-fashioned ideus of price-fixing boards, it
went to the heart of the matter of
introducing a competitive scheme of
its own. The price of meat largely
owing to the operations of the American Meat Trust in Australia had
reached a prohibitive price. Stock-
owners were either withholding their
stocks and thus creating shortages
or the meat trust was cornering supplies and thus forcing up thc price
of the local supplies. Beef, which
at the outbreak of the war was 12
cents per pound ho4 by 1915 doubled
in prico aud threatened to go ovon
higher. That roughly was the position, when the Byan government
gained power in Queensland.
Realizing that it could not take
over the wholo of tho meat business
and thus bring cheap 'prices to tho
peoplo because of tho enormous expense involved, the Ryan governmont set out to inaugurate stnte-
owned retail shops, and allowing one
shop to become a success before embarking on anothor. Tho first shop
was opened in the city of Brisbane
in November, 1915, and its success
was instantaneous, the only difficulty
being in coping with the rush of
trade.
Noting the'success of this onc shop
there was an immediate clamour
from all parts of thc state for govornment meat shops. Meantime private meat vendors combinod to open
a shop in tho vicinity of the state
shop with the object of underselling
it, but the project failed miserably.
Tho success of the first shop and
thc insistent demand for tho opening of other shops led to the government extending the scheme as rapidly as possible, consistent with cautions It was necessary to eliminate
all political considerations, and shops
were only opened at centres whero
it was known they would be successful. Today there are no loss than
37 State butchers' shops distributed
throughout thc state of Queensland,
principally in tho large cities and
towns.
At the time of writing those shops
are serving over 20,000 customers
daily and taking 5 to a family it will
be seen that thero aro 100,000 consumers of stato meat. As the population of Queensland is 670,000 all
told, this is a very creditable performance for the Byan govornment
so far. But apart from this direct
benefit, there is also tho indirect benefit to the wholo population arising
from the fact that the private retailer is forced to treat his customers much more fairly than would
have been the caso had thoro beon
no state-owned shops selling cheap
meat • -~
It should be stated here that it
was not the intention of tho Ryan
government to mako a profit on the
scheme, but to give the people cheap
moat. Still despite the fact that the
scheme has been responsible for
striking reductions in the price of
meat the Btate shops have reaped
handsome profits, which are to be
used to further extend the scheme.
During tho year 1917-18, Juno to
June—meat to the value of $1,500,-
000 (300,0.00 pounds) was sold in the
stato shops, and there was a net
profit of $115,000 (23,000 pounds)
whilo from the inception of tho
schemo till June, 1918, the net profit
amounted to nearly $300,000 (200,-
000 pounds).
- As giving some idea of whnt the
state-owned meat shops mean to the
people of Queensland, the following
prices are quoted:
Private   State-
shops, 1919   owned
Beef       shops, 1919
Sirloin „ 20e 13c
Prime Rib -« 16c 9e
Chuck Bib ...*  15c 7c
Fillet Steak 30c 16c
Hump Stoak ....__ 26o 15e
Beef Steak 17c lie
Topside   .» ..18c 10c
Corned Bound 20c lie
Corned Brisket 12c 7c
Oravy Beef  14c lie
Sausages ...*  16c 10c
Mincemeat  13o 8c
Shin Beef ...12c 6c
Ox Cheeks  8e 6e
Suet Fat ...a..-. 18c 12c
Ox Kidneys 16c 10c
Ox Tails  32o 20c
Mtttton
Legs  - 20c 14c
Shoulders .  _......15c 9c
Hindquarters  20c 13c
Forequarters .. j. 14c 8c
Loins  „ 20c 14c
Breasts   * 10c 7c
Loin Chops 22c 14c
Cutlets  22c 12c
Stewing Chops  , 18c lie
So effective is the state-owned
meat scheme that today well known
political opponents of the labor government do not hesitate to order
their meat from tho state shops by
phone or send their offico boys to
get it. Others call in their motor
cars und after having spent the day
maligning tho government system of
state uiiterprise, eagerly stretch out
their hn.nds to seize tho benefits bct
cruing from the government's policy.
The meat shops of the government
are run on tho cash systom, this obviating the huge overhead charges
MHSociated with the credit system
lind 1-j-hI dobts. This saving is rt-
turned to tho poople by cheapening
lha muit, ow.nij to these cWg-M
bring rltmintttfti! The success of the
present 37 shops is sufficient proof
that the scheme is in every way satisfactory. There aro uever-ending
demands from all parts of the State
for more shops, and frequently there
John Larson  	
John A. Macdonald .
J. K. June  ■
Or. Bell   J™	
T. James 	
J. Fraaor .
Loggers' Contributions to
Winnipeg Defence Fund
M, J. Keans ; 0
Del; Ben Slezowski end members ol Bull Bivei.	
S. J. HartneU _. _
Del. John Corrie and members Johnston's camp, Talk
Del. J, H. Thompson and membera tit Otis Staples' camp,
Wycliffe „_
Del. John Mulray and members at Yaik. ....
Del. F. B. Horic and members at Wardner „
Del. Geo. Thompson and members o£ Camp , C.N.P. Wasa
Del. Jas. Watson for members
C. McPhail	
T. Salaway ..*... „	
O. Mott .
39.00tD. J. MeDougall
Alec Scott.
1«.«0
M.00
15.00
Colin Campbell  .............
L. Barker  ......
Joo Grace  „ .u„
P. O'Brien
W. E. Craig	
Frod Johnston 	
Ernest H. Andorson	
John B. Davidson	
L. Hnrtlin .
~y
Poter Robinson	
Alfred Laurin	
B. Olson	
John Adlund .*.	
Jas. H.  Mathews...	
George Hadlcy	
A. Kighthugcr —
Wm. Burger	
John Hurley	
B. H. Kittrodgo .'.	
Gus Larson	
Adolph Johnston	
Louis Moio 	
A. Inglis  .*....
Gus Anderson ...
H.  Fornyhough	
Pet Savl ,
O. Gordy .
Mike Willis	
Gus Poarson	
M. D. McNeil
Nub Honshu ....
James Watson .
C. Meland .
W.00
14.00
B.00
•J3.00
3.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
2.50
6.00
5.00
S.00
6.00
5.00
6.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
6.00
5.00
•4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
J. Hagfors	
Mrs. F. Peterson .
F. Genetti	
A. Nousianen ......
H. Poolo ™..„.
Joe Bush ...
Joe Keenan ,
Fred L. Swanson.
J. Newtaan ...........
G. Bearson ......
J. Whipple  _ _
Fred Swcdborg 	
Chas. Pellan ~~
Charlcs Yartlcy .'.—.
Sain Ford  .*. 	
John E. Derway —	
Dave Evanson 	
H. Taylor	
W. Plumb  ,	
E, Lindborg	
E. Lindbach	
E. Pearson —
J. Whito 	
Ted Grouin .
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
5.00
     6.00
Paul Cameron .............      6.00
P. McCloud  „     6.00
Paul Perrie     5.00
Oscar Seberson     5.00
Bert Thompson       5,00
Mr. Fraaor ......     5.00
L. Donley 1     5.00
F. Knsidy     6.00
H. Dormehack      6.00
P. J. MeLanghlin       5.00
6.00
5.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
N. Halileld 	
B. I. Bobinson „ .......
Dan Hammill	
A. C. Alkcnson 	
Bob Bovey ....................
Aleek Kelly	
C. Lamoto ,
Joe McDormott ,
Tom Cullon	
J. McKay 	
Mr. Crownen 	
George Levcro	
Harry Marshall _	
F. Balston	
Donnls Meckel	
Bert Jenkins
C. D. Wilson	
Mr. Hagerty	
Anton Snbanski	
John Mr.Kcnzio 	
G. Smith 	
A. Amat ...'	
S. Nelson	
F. Petorson	
W. O. Donnell	
J. Jordan .
.2.00.
T. Burbly	
W. Hanson ,	
W.' Sukerson	
Oscar Olsen	
A. McNob	
W. E. Bowno	
W. Peterson	
A. Pearson 	
A. Arslin 	
C. A. Johnston	
J. O'Meant 	
Pet Larson 	
A*. Magusen	
T. W. Hanson	
Olo Olson	
A. Graham . .....
San McDonald .	
P. Ekcnbcrg	
are deputations from outback centres asking the government to
stretch a point and give them a
state-owned meat shop. Some of
theso -deputations are even headed
by politicians who at the elections
cannot Snd words enough with whieh
to condemn tho government's policy.
A word or two could bo said about
tho State-owned cattle ranches associated with the government'a* moat
scheme, Ultimately tho government
will produco all the moat required
for local consumption and retail it
through their own retail shops, leaving the world's markets for the private stock owners. The government
is now building up a chain of cattle
ranches extending throughout the
State, while it is now making arrangements to have fattening areas
near the termini of the main railway
systems, with abattoirs, refrigerating
plants, cold stores and works and
shops at suitablo plants along the
railways. Already the Btate holds
some 18 cattle ranches with a total
area of noarly 15,000 square miles,
and carrying nearly 200,000 head ef
cattle. This section of the enterprise was, established in May, 1010,
and tho net profit on the workings
up to June, 1918, was nearly ♦600,*
000 (£120,000).
Theso state ranches have an important influence on the retail trade.
Lately, stock owners were up to
thoir favorite game of withholding
etocks and prices jumped to a higt
level in the private shops. That wai
where the State eame in, by rui-hin*
supplies of cattle to tho localities de
pleted by tho private stock holders
with the result that the pricos drop
ped immediately and foreed the pri
vate stock holders to sell their aup
pHes in order to avoid loss. In in
stances whore priees have been com
pared, this action of the State hai
compelled the price of meat wholo
salo to fell from $15 (£3) per 10(
lbs. to «11 (£2*4) per 100 lbs. Thui
in addition to steadying markots
thc action of tho State governmen
has hnd the effoct of teaching tht
meat barons a lesson they will no
easily forget.
It must be apparent then that thi
action of thc Byan Labor Govern
ment in Queensland has been to provide cheaper meat for the people, as
woll as protecting thom from the machinations of private exploiters.
Evory possible contingency has been
provided for to mako tho future of
tho scheme a success. So suceessftil
indeed has the scheme been, that
anti-Labor governments in the other
Auntralien states are now approaching tho Queensland Labor Government asking that surplus stocks be
sent te them so that thoy may give
thcir people the benefit of cheap
meat as well. And theee are governments which up till now have roundly condemned the Socialistic schemes
of tho Byan Oovomment in the
State of Queensland, Australia. Per.
haps no better proof of the success.
of the scheme eould bo found.
J. F. Hamilton ...".[
Ed. Hopwood	
M. Edwards 	
Albert Pase	
J. D. Maekay	
Chas, Lindgron ....
J. G. Cardon	
H. L. Latroumille .
Lfeak Joseph	
Johnston	
Perry
P.
F. ._...,   	
Aleck Marshall
J. Willis.
F,
A
Fougust August
P. Bowland ........
Leo Dennis .
P. Scamore .
Jim Arlee.....
Joo Sol .........
K. Sol.
Geo. Johnston .
Vancouver Land District
District sf Coast, Huge 1
TAKE NOTICE thst I, Mary
Alice Clarke of Vaneonver, B. C,
housewife, intend to apply fer permission to purchase the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post planted
about forty chains North to the
South boundary of Lot 542; thence
Weet Sixty chains; thence South
about twenty chains to tho North
boundary of Lot 1004; thence East
forty chains; thence South twenty
chains; thence Eaat twenty chains
to the point of commencement-, containing 100 acree, more or less.
MABY ALICE CLABKE.
Dated 31st July 1019.
Vancouver Land District
District of Coast, Range 1
TAKE NOTICE that I, Edwin
Clark Appleby of Vancouver,
B. C, Jeweller, intend to apply for
permission to purchase the following
lands:
Commencing at a post planted
about fifty chains Southwest of tho
Southeast corner of Lot 422; thence
about twenty chains North to the
South boundary of Lot 422; thence
Easterly about forty ebains to the
West boundary of Lot 429 (old P.B.
603); thence South about sixty chains
to shoreline; thence Westerly and
Northerly along   the   shoreline   to
feint of commencement, and contain*
ng. 200 aeres more or less.
EDWIN CLABK APPLEBY.
Dated at Vancouver, 31st July, 1919.
CI-ELAND- DIBBLE   ENOBAV-
INO  OOMPANT
PHOTO MORAVEIS
OOUMEEOIAL ABTiail
Pheae Ss-faeor 7169..
Tilrd  Ploor,  World   BuUliat,  Via-
eeevor, B. O.
F. Nelson  1.00
S. Johnston   1.00
J. Nobcrg   1.00
Fred Vueh   1.00
C. A. Petorson  1.00
E. Ford  1.00
N. T. Nelson   1.00
Wesley Bunting  5.00
♦8-70.00
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlay son & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SL W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
UNION MEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
-AT THE-
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh   Cool  Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Homer
COWAN 1 BROOKHOUSE
PBDItBBS,     PVBLMHBB8,     »TE-
BBOTTPBBS   AND   BOOKBDIDBBS
Union Officials, writs tor prices.   We
tive SATISFACTION
-SHOP AT—
WALLACE'S
Marketaria
—tod Bave Money.   Ou Prlcea
An the Low** for
QUAUTT OBOOEUES
Oovernment Inspected Creamery
Butter, No. 1; <t1 -7C
3 lbs. for  . V1 e / O
Oleoniurgerine— ____!_■»
" _35c
Lemons, the flneet—
Dozen	
Largo Cucumbers, speeial,   JJ _
each   OC
Onions—Very special,
i lbs. for  	
Cream of Wheat—
7-lb. sack for
Guaranteed New Laid
Eggs, per dosen 	
Crisco, 1-lb. tin
for _..,
Crisco, 31b.
for
tin
Clark's Pork and
3 tins for	
Sardines in Oil—
Per tin ........—
25c
45c
75c
..42c
$1.25
25c
8c
S. T.Wallace's
Marketaria
118 HA8TIN0S ST. TOST
Phone Seymour 1MB
ANOTHER BIG FURNITURE
PROGRAMME AT SPENCER'S
TO HELP EQUIP VANCOUVER'S  COSY
HOMES    .
Look Up Any One of These Offerings and Find It
the Best Money's Worth of Its Kind
It's the kind of furniture most people are buying
—not elaborate and not cheaply made, but good-
substantial, well-finished and thoroughly modern
in character, even though it does depend in lots of
cases to former artistic periods. Your favorite
wood is here, be it walnut, oak or mahogany, and
your favorite finish, too. These are the largest
stocks in "Vancouver, we offer you for selection,
and it's a fine programme of extra values we have
planned for your advantage.
BEDROOM FURNITURE
Bedroom Salt*, $279.00
Solid mahogany bedroom suite comprising
largo dresser with shaped hovelled mirror;
two small and two large drawers with
ewell fronts; chiffonier and dressing table
with three-way' mirror. Worth $600 at
today's priees.
Bedroom Suite, $179.00
Fumed quarter-cut oak bedroom - suite
comprising dresser, chiffonier, dressing
table with three-way mirror; full size
wood bod.
$340.00 Bedroom Suite, $176.00
Ivory enamel bedroom suite, comprising
vory large dresser with plate mirror,
chiffonier and dressing tablo with three-
way mirror.
$180.00 Bedroom* Suite, $126.00
Ivory enamol bedroom suite eomprieiog
dresser, chiffonier, dressing table and full-
size bed; fitted with bevelled plate mirrors.
Bedroom Suite, $189.00
Golden quarter cut oak bedroom suite,
comprising dresser, chiffonier, droning
table anl fall site wood bed; British
plate mirrors.
Bedroom Suite, $109.00
Dresser, chiffonier, dressing table and full-
size wood bed; British bevelled mirrors;
white enamel nnish with Uae trimming.
Dr-MMM, $19.00
GoldM and fumed Ir dreesere with two
short nd two long drawers; large plate
mirror.
Dreeier*. $16.60
Golden surfaeed oak dresser with three
drawers and bevelled mirror,
>       Chiffonier^ $17.90
Ivory enamel chiffoniers with Ive drawers;
aval plate mirror.
BEDS, SPRINGS AND
MATTRESSES
$49.00 Bra* Bedi, $36.60
2-inch straight post bed with 2-inch top
rail and heavy fillers, satin, ribbon finish,
full size.
$26.00 Bran Bede, $18 25
S only full slao brass beds, in tineh post
style with heavy liters, neatly trimmed;
satin finish,
Bedi, $9.85
Continuous post white enamel beds with
well-filled ends; 4-0 and 40 sizes.
De Luxe Mattreu, $24.50
Pure eotton felt filling with roll edge, well
tatted, double stitched; art ticking; all
sizes.
$24.00 Sponeerian Mattreu, $18.00
All white felt mattress with roll edge; art
ticking; all sizes.
DINING   ROOM
FURNITURE
$165.00 Dining Suite, $119.00
Solid quarter-cut oak dining snite in golden finish, comprising buffet with shaped
mirror; pedestal extension table with
round top; set of six chairs with leather
seats.
$95.00 Dining Suite, $69.50
Golden oak finish dining suite comprising
buffet with plate mirror, round top pedestal extension table; set of six pad seat
diners.
$162.00 Dining Suite, $99.00
4 sets only quarter-cut oak in golden
er fumed finish, comprising buffet with
plate miner; round top pedestal extension table; set of six chairs with genuine
leather slip seats.
$49.00 Buffeti, $36.50
4 only buffets ia golden and fumed oak
with large plate mirror, two cutlery wd
long linen drawers, large cupboard.
$200.00 Dining Suite $185.00
Queen Anne dining suite in fumed quarter-cut oak, comprising buffet with plate
mirror; dining table with 48-inch round
top extending 8 feet; aet Of six chairs with
leather slip seats.
$145.00 Table and Ohain, $109.00
Solid quarter-cut oak in famed finish.
Table has vety massive pedestal, 54-inch
round top, extends 8 feet; aix chairs with
genuino leather backs and slip seats.
$95.00 Table and Chain, $72.50
BoKd oak in Jacobean finish, round top
table extending t feet; set of aix chairs'
with panel backs and leather slip seats.
$49.60 Dinen, $34.85
4 sets only golden aad fumed quarter-eat
oak chairs with panel backs and genuine
leather clip seats; one arm and five side
chairs in set.
DEN   FURNITURE
$100.00 Den Suite, $65.00
Settee, chairs and roeker in fumed quarter-cut oak, with pad. baek and spring
seat, covered in tapestry.
Den Settee, $38.50
Fumed quarter-cut oak sotteo, in William
and Mary design, with pad baek and auto
spring seat, covered in tapestry.
$35.00 Den Chair, $24.00
Large, comfortable den chair or* roeker
with spring seat, padded baek and anas;
covered all over in fabriekoid.
$29.00 Den Settee, $22.00
Jacobean settee in fumed quartereut oak,
with pad back and auto spring seat; covered in tapestry.
Den Rocken, $11.50
.Luge den rocken in golden and famed
oak with spring seats and padded backs,
covered in fabriekoid.
LIVING  ROOM
FURNITURE
$335.00 living Boom Suite, $359.00
Living-room suite comprising large Ckes-
terfield, chair and roeker, woll padded;
spring edge seat; loose floss cushions, covered all over in bluo striped plash.
$176.00 Oherterfleld, $12*8.60
Largo kidney Chesterfield with spring
edge seat, covered in tapestry.
$120.00 Living. Boom Suite, $89.00
Large settee, chair and roeker, well upholstered, covered in tapostry.
$125.00 Parlor Suite, $88.00
Mahogany parlor suite with spring scat,
padded back, covered in tapestry.
$89.00 Parlor Suite, $49.00
Mahogany parlor suite with spring seats,
covered in tapestry; slat back.
Parlor Chain, $8.90
Walnut finish parlor chairs with tapestry
covered spring seats,
David Spencer, Ltd.
!_-.* DAY...
...Augu* ft, Mlt
ELEVENTH TEAR. -Ifo. M
Hunter-
Henderson
Paints
Quality V Servke
642-Granville Street-642
'ATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The Broadway Table Supply
Phone Pair. 18 and 19 518 Broadway Eait
TBT OR CASH AND DELIVERY SYSTEM
la,al   atsadsrl
al  .*.*.._.
Fix
As.
..18.15
Rorel Ra.seb.lil, 49 Its »2.S*5
l*iv. Bom riMr, 41 »l |2.90
Psritjr Flour, 4t lbs. '.'- 12.80
Wild Ron Psitrjr Hoar, 10* tt.
aecks —___. Ole
B. a K. Osts, sack.  tie
B. a K. Ostnual, las, medium
and   coarse —..._. Ole
Wheat Pearls  . 48s
P»*ed Wheat, pkf.
Health Bran 	
...lie
...15s
Xelloftz's Corn Hakes, I lor....26a
Cream of Wkea)  pkt. „._...25s.
B. I K. Wheat Flakes, pkt 3Se
Jtebli Hool OaU, pkt. _..._...ase
Nabob Vlneiar, botlla 20c
MslM-Ts Best Vinegar. bottle. 20s
rears, Qloba Braad, tia _ Me
K 7. Jari—Quarts,  doton .$1.48
PlaU   I1.S6
Pork and Beans, 3 tine for....26c
MeHttn's Best Bakiaz Powder..«So
Kato Baking Pov-der ——...OOt
Merle Baklaf Powder 9le
Malkia's Ctiatard Powder, Isrf*
tia  ......2Se
Ffr'a  Cocoa
...23C
Hall Brand Custard Powder.-.14e
Soap, -.nlltht, 1 tor...... Me
White Swaa, t for. Me
Boral Crawa, f for... .Me
Naptha R. 0. Soap, • for..
Naptha White Swan,, • for.....
Hall Brooke, 3 for	
Campbell Soap, tta ,      	
Hatches, i  for	
. Blue Ribbon Tea   	
Malkia's Beat Tea 	
Nabob Tea  -— 	
tty Balk Tee .
.etc
.Me
Malkin's Bast Coffee	
Weddlaj BrwWaal Coffee..
Criieo   per ft. .
-Ms
-SSe
Royal Crow. Soap, 5 for...
Whit. Swan, 8 for	
Cans of Tomatoes, large else,
. _ for _S5e
Special Alberta Butter, 3 lha 11.71
Jntiand Sardines ...10«
.lie
..lie
Butler Cap Milk	
White and Brown Vinegar...
Ammonia '_
White Beans, 1 Bs. for Me
Robin Hood Oata) sack.. ...400
•alt, S sacks for   Me
Phone Yonr Order, Fairmont 18 and 19
Named Shoe* are frequently made
in Non-union factories
DO NOT BUY ANY SHOE
  No matter what its name, unless
Factory      J      it bears a plain and readable iin-
 ^J_         pression of this UNION STAMP.
AU Shoee without tba UNIWf aWAMP are alwaya Non-union
Oo not accept any excuse for Absence of tha Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
-MS SDMMBE STBEET, BOSTON, MASS.
OOUstoVIIiT, Oeaaral Preeldent**-CHAS. J** BAINK, General Sec.-Treas.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace tnd grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Conn Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(*jr nt Pea Oeal for your underfoot! furnace)
COAL
MACDONALD-MARPOLE CO.
__~—
1001 MAIN SWEET Phone Sey. 310
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
"if
VANOOimrt, B. c.
PAGESEVEH
WALL STREET SEND
Vanderlip   Proposes
Write Off Allied
Debts
to
Unique Method Is Suggested  to  Save
Capitalism
[Br J. T. Waltoa Newbould in Qlai
gow Forward]
For some time paat .there has been
ominous 'plaints arising in the Ansa,
cial organs of London and New York ^rotation placed upon the oonvention
ATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows tbat cheap goods can only be proeured
by using cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade ia a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
concerning the over wore difficult
problem of rebrganiuug the inter
change Of com modi ties and setvic-w
between the United States and Europe. , The wonderful prosperity
which the Ameriean moneyed interest* have been, experiencing and anticipating aa ytt to become moro .memorable has shown itaelf as something illusory in character and mora
than questionable in its advantage!
From "a debtor nation" sueh as the
United States was in 1914, she hai
become a creditor or, rather, her
banking houses have becomo creditors, to the whole of the Allied nations. She has become onabled ta
retain her gold within her borders,
to replenish her supplies by imports
from or liens on London and Paris,
to write off Ker indebtedness to those
monetary centres-'and to establish
enormous claims Upon them for future payments for munitions, storei"
and foodstuffs sent across the ocean
on account
One-third of tho world's gold has
mude its way to America, and some
£400,000,000 lies in the vaults of the
twelve Federal Reserve Banks. En-
rope'a desperate need has proved to
bo America's marvellous opportunity. By the end of 1915 Britain had
virtually ceased to be a creditor of
ihe United States and was becoming
her debtor. From September of that
year until the entrance of the United
States into the war tho private flnari-
ciora of America were lending billions ot money to the Allies to. enable them to purchase war supplies
from American contractors. American money lenders were providing
the armies of right and liberty with
vouchers for vast war stores and
taking in exchange the IOU 's whioh,
for the time being, were all that Britain and France could render in payment. This process went on for another year, when, tho situation becoming desperate, a highly-placed
British statesman was sent over to
the States to acquaint the American
banking fraternity of the imperative
necessity of America doing something more than merely lend private
money. The American money-lenders were giver to understand ,that
the Allies' resources were almost.at
an end and that unless help .came
from America,'that the war must
stop. That infant hot -only signal
defoat for Ihe cause of liberty and
democracy, but British and French
insolvency so far as WaU Stroet was
concerned. Indemnities would noed
to be paid to Germany and tho American idealists would lose their principal us woll as witness tho defeat
of their principles. Tho stability of
tho Ameriean financial■ and industrial system was at stake.
The American, capitalists required
to forego for the time their gigantic
plans for thc conquest of the markots of the world desorted by Britain, France and Germany und mobilise their money, material and manpower to secure the cause of freedom as well as to make safe tho billions of dollars which thev had lent'
and which they saw themselves in
dir& risk of finally losing.
The United States entered the wnr
in a frenzy of patriotic fervor and
or emotional cestacy.. Tho hireling
newspapers and publicity agents of
Wull Street trumpeted the new. Jehad and fired their readers and auditors to uaparallelcd offorts of increased production und prodigious
outlay of moneyt(i , The Amorican
Governmont now assumed responsibility for financing the war. It
raised enormous loans to equip armies and fleets as well as to afford unlimited credit to Britain, France and
Italy.
By May of 1918 our indebtedness
to the United States Treasury
amounted to about £750,000,000, and
since that time furthor huge sums
havo been borrowed. Fully £1,000,-
000,000 is now owing to the United
Slates, and upon that thoro bas to
be paid interest yeur by year. Not
only that, but the sum has to be repaid. It is not a gift. It is merely
u loan.
Quite recontly the head of the
greatest tiannciul house in America,
the National (Jity Bank of New
Tork suggested to a Senate committee the possible wisdom of writing off the entire Allied Indebtedness to the United Statos aa "a bad
debt," or, as ho inferred, tho shouldering by the United Stntes government of this liability incurred in
freedom's cause.
This hint has been received by lho
world's money press with considerable alarm. It savors too mjich of
'' Bolshevism." Once '' repudiation''
or cancelling of debts begins there
is no knowing where it may end.
Mr. Vanderlip's suggestion is
startling, coming-aa it does from tho
financial agent of tho Rockefeller interests, from the head of the biggest
banking company in the whole
world. It is comprehensible, however, when onc remembers the fact
lhat the National City Bunk is the
financial coping stone of Amorican
ind .is try and export trade, and that
the Unihvl States 'manufacturers arc
alarmod Rt tbe prospect of Europe
repaying its debt in manufactures,
whilst Unitod Stntes agriculturalists,
mine owners and timber corporations
dread its liquidation in raw materials
from British aud French colonies and
dependencies. America is an exporting country, and hor whole future as
a prosperous capitalist nation depends on her ability to maintain ah
ever-expanding export trade.
The Banker's Magasino for February quoted tho Washington correspondent of the Morning Post as reporting:
"How this (interest) charge is to
be met is a problem now occupying
the attention of American bnainaw
men and bankers,   Sec this amovntl
Babson's "Confidential" Report
****** 'Mi******
«««*««
******
On the A. F. of fi. Convention
Here ia tke first iastaltaeat af tke
inside aceeuat of tke Atlaatie Oity
eoaveiitioa of tke America* Federation of Labor sent out to bis; business by Babson's Statistical Sisrv
ice) Inc., and wkick was produced
i» /.' Tbo New Majority."
Babson's Statistical Senrlee, Inc.,
is conducted by Bogcr W. Babson,
Wellesley Hills, Mass., for tke purpose of giving his clients insido dope
on current events. Bond houses,
banks and big merchants and. manufacturers pay largo fees for the in*
formation and opinions soot oat by.
Mr, Baboon, wko is a keen, shrewd
observer and well-informed man of
affairs.
The following account of the A,
T. of L. convention was not written
by a labor nai, it muat be borne
in mind. It ia publishod hero iii order that workora may see the inter
by Baboon for the confidential information of bia big business clients.
•Title and bold face are eiaofly aa
in the original. Tha document fol
Iowa:*
Labor's Tear ot Bolshevism
Aa wo go to preaa. tko usual con*
vention of tho American Foderation
of Labor ia atill in progress in Atlantic City. A final report of ita perl
formaneo ("Not* this, performance") will bo given in our next
issue. We deal today with the temper and spirit of the convention.
Caution, conservatism, prudence—
these are the qualities which' stand
ont. Indeed, it niight be safe io substitute for th-ae words the' one wort
—fear! Wo say this guardedly, for
the ways of the convention arc deep
and'one cannot be too sure that his
diagnosis is correct. If tho word
"should" bo fear, the next question
is, what is it that ia feared! And,
after all, may bo it should not'fte
called fear at all.
For example: Why did' the convention adjourn to allow'400 or more
of the delegates to journoy off to
Washington to pray for thc abolition
of the prohibition rule! Like any
other body of 400 average men' in
America, probably a majority of
these men take a drop at times. But,
like others, these men also know thc
gentle art of brewing at homo and
so have no fear of desert dryness.
We do not believe that labor, as a
body, is "wot" when it comes to a*
question of saloons or no saloons.
II was alleged that tho brewing
interests' financed tho trip, furnish-;
ing Pullman accommodations to
Washington and return,.Some delegates objected, to. thus being made
ft tool of the big interests. Undoubtedly the trip to Washington has
raised prejudice against American
labor on the part of the great body
of temperate people in this country.
Strolling about among the delegates one could freely hear it said
that those in control of ths gathering welcomed tne liquor issuo ns a
safety valve. Besides this, Mr. Gom*
pors^ own language gives a ground
for suspecting that he fears that a
.sobor labor part**-, means a radical
labor party, Tho^-miTrc;"s nest'' in
the Paciilc Northwest is a "dry
nest, and Russia is dry. 'Men who do
not drink have timo to think. Did
this trip to Waimington and the
other numerous adjournments charged to lack of businoss ready to pro-
sent mean that the leaders dreaded
whnt niight occur in the convention
if open play woro oltowcdf Wc do
not know. -Somo delogatos. thought
This much is certain—the convention and the Federation! proposes to.
take no chanoes of wbat might rosult from flirting with Miss Bolsheviks. It is determined to koep its'
own record dear of-such entanglements. In the effort it stands so
straight that it actually leans over
backward. In the groat light ngainst
Bolshevism clients msv he suro of
the help of tbo A. F. of L.
Two radical utterances—two only.
—renlly got ncross in the ilrst week
of tho' convention. They wcro the.
speech of Mr. Glen K. Plumb nnd
that, of Miss Margaret Bondlicld.
Mr. Plumb, as attorney for the rail-
■ brotherhoods, presented to the
convention a -plan for government
d-4*arahip aad employee management
otjttu railroads. It is a radical proposition. It is much like tho plan
fo»inationaliiation presented by the
English miners. But both the speech
snd the plan got across. The speech
rot-bed intense enthusiasm and the
plan has been described in a pamph-
leftf and we are endeavoring to arrange to supply our clients with
copies.
Miss Bondfleld .-erne ovor as one
or "the fraternal delegates sent by
tke English Trado Union Congross.
die was selected to come in 1918,
-but ker passports were objected to
by ojfr state department and she was
unablo to come. The speech seemed
radical to tbe convention, but it waa
simply a report on tho rank and file
movement of labor in Great Britain.
Bhe put before the delegatea in
straight Anglo-Saxon an authoritative roport of tho English situation,
which was in fiat contradiction to
thj) oflolal version current ih this
country. There ia no doubt that Miss
Bondfleld told tho truth. Her addreas
made a most profound impression
on the delegates.
In a word tha convention was safe.
It waa orthodox trade union la character from start to finish. It bore
*•*—any again to the skill and po-
Uttcal resources of Mr. Oompera. Our
representative asked a doien or so
delegates what ths membera thought
when tney hcand suoh an address aa
Visa Boudflcld's aad compared it
with what has been circulated in
thi« country on the aame topios. The
common reply was: "They do not
think at all." One radical, who in
reeont years has often been on the
floor in defense of the progressive
measures, was asked why he was silent this year and he said: "I am
having a mental*vacation.". So far
as wage demands, insistence on the
right to organiie and all of tho customary union activities go, theso will
continuo in full forco.
fclients may, however, fool entirely
safe ia bolleving that the A. F. of
L.-is linked with them to continue
Conservatism in American society.
The conditions are favorable for employers, if they ore wiso enough, to
bring about a labor-capital alliance
for the preservation of tho old landmarks in industry, lt is true that
strong forces threaten this condition,
bu^ .these forces wero not in control
"' .tlie convontion. Indeed they were
t ..present in any number. Tho
^tjsgement of union affairs is such
it.'tho strongest of tho radicals
fit do not get elected delegates
or do not care to De elected. Only
the smallest minority votod with the
radicals ob test votea.
: There ean be no question that the
eonvention of 1019 has, on the whole
served to commend organised labor
to the employers of this country.
For this reason if may well *be believed that the plana of Mr. Oompers and of those who stand withsliim
aro wise and that the efforts of the
radicals would, if they succeeded,
make labor's light harder. That la*
bor will be more radical ten yeara
fron now than it ia now can hardly
be doobted. At tho present moment
labor's best course moy after all be,
to keep close to tho wind and simply
go on sawing wood. At any rate
that is what they are doing.
Wo believe that In tha log nm
Mr. nonpars' policy ia batt salted ta
That la now unionism's wuk point
The groat body of nnorganixed Am*
•hen workmen could not be organ*
ixed by tha radical. On tke other
hand, tha organised radicals know
too mnch to Meade ftom tbe A r.
OTL.
In another section of tko same report, Babson told hts big businoss
clients about the resolution that wae
introduced at the Foderatioa eonvention favoring industrial unionism
which resolution was defeated. Says
Babson's roport on thia subject:  •
"No matter what aetion was taken on thia resolution at Atlantic
City, this kind* of thing is coming in
American labor, under some guise, or
name. The resolution states the
truth and suggests tke remedy. Labor will work along lines of increasing industrial organization. The
course may be disguised by other
names and labels, but these will
make no real difference with the actual development."
Bakery Drivon
The Bakery Drivers' Union has
decided to remain witk tha A. F,
of L. and at its lut meeting eleoted
dolegates to the Trades and Lahor
Council of Vancouver. Tho union
still retains its 100 por cent, organ*
ization.
Whore is your union button!
HAVE TOTO SUIT        ,
CLEANED and PEEHSED
'    -BT—
CULL
The Tailor
- 780 NELSON  STREET
Suits called for and delivered.    Work guaranteed.
Phone Sey. 3808
to be paid in' cash is practically im-;
possible, because -debtor nations cannot allow themselves to bo drained'
of-^thcir gold, oven if thoy had it/
which they have not. In lieu of gold,
the indebtedness must bc discharged
in commodities; but that means, on
the part of England, Franco and
Italy, flooding the Amorican market
with thoir manufactured goods,
which America will not tolerato . .
It sounds paradoxical, but it is
nevertheless true, that too much
wealth, as one of the after-effects
of the wur, makes the United Slates
not only a menace to Un rest of the
world, but also a danger to herself.
Tha-h-monace, of course, not in tho
political or military sense, but financially and economically, is threatening to disturb international equilibrium, and »t home is resulting in
inflation and continuing to koep up
tho high prices."
Now, we read in tho Inventor's
.Review (21-6-19) that aa urgent
meeting has been hold in the parlor
of J. P. Morgan & Co. in Nejv York,
attended by all the representative
bankers of America, at which it was:
decided to form 'a syndicate to lend'
£800,000,000 to stabilize European
industry. Only ia this way could
Europe possibly continue to make
such purchases in tho United States
as would maintain the noceBsary volume of American exports. In other
words, tho United Statos Capitalists
aro compelled to lend £600,000,000
of commodities to Europo to prevent
an immediate falling off of Amorican
export, an immediate slowing down
of America- industry, and a paraly-
nation of American produetion, and
a collapse of American capitalism.
At the end of six or eight months
they will have to find a new pallia!*
tive or accept the steady drift of
Western Europo and of America to
Social Revolution.
No wonder the Invoster Review
comments;  ;-   <
"Tho wisdom of tho world bankers is not equal, we fear, to tbe
solution of the debt ptusle. Palliatives they may invent and apply, and palliatives servo but to
increase tho dostructive virulence
of tho disoaae."
Capitalism is in extromus. It approaches the universal catastrophe.
Lot Labor concentrate upoa the ne-
cosBary work of preparing itself to
take over control of tha means of
production aad distribution and to
direot these to the sofpty of tha
needi of the working coi
The Mid-August Sale of
S Staple Goods Is On Now
This is an Annual Sale of everyday household linens, etc., and is a real money-saving
event. Space does not permit a complete list.
♦5.00     Heaer     Dara.il*     T»b]«     18 only Art Satin. Conrad, Satin
Cloths, 70x70 Incite.  13.50 Trimmed Comforters  IS.60
65o 30-inch English Whilo   Han*     18 onlr Art Sallno Covered Com*
aelette  (Sc (orter.   16.50
30-inch Enfllah White Fl.nn.lelto,      Blails Bed 8ho**lln_,  etronf quei-
rvm-ler 65c for  41s ltjr, yard  SSe
»3.50  Hstra La'reo  Bath  Towels. »0*lnck Bleached Sheetint-,   aples*
*I7«50    Inchei;     mow     white. *--•- qsslllr   660
Pair   |1,M ————■———_.
. ————  Hear? latere Pure Irish Linen Nap*
70x00-in.il    Bleached    Sheet. -        V_*X'* T'e'   """'   '«_"__
Bifular »4.00 (or  IS 5S Special, dosen  -112.60
_„„,_■„ • Mi™ "Ir ol Heavy P»re Wool
SQxOO-lnch Henvy Bleached Sheet. Blankets,   big   double-bed   else.
—Rotular $4.50 (or  13.06 Pair   114.00
The Irish Linen Stores
T.   S.   LEIGH
533 GRANVILLE STREET
Belfast
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Vietoria
Vancouver
FAIR.
SEPT. 8-13,1919
FULL CLASSIFICATION IN ALL
DEPARTMENTS
Blake Your Entries EiUr
- * '   ■       ' . ■ *"
ENTRIES CLOSE AUGUST 28th
Office: 130 Hastings St West
Manager: H. S. Rolston
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
EMPLOYERS
THE
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE
OF CANADA
The PROFESSIONAL Md BUSINESS SECTION,
hu been established to auut profmtautl, butinew and
technical men and *
Many office™, soldkn, tailoti and war worken, who
sacrificed their potidoni during the war, now deiire to j
•ecure employment in the occupations for which they ham
been specially trained.
Employers should not wait until increashf busbtws
forces them to employ anybody thsy can obtain, but ___
Innlt ah-fari -anrf *»v»il h**_-l-*m**S thu, iin-m.! ^ff^ttAtS
to enlUt the service, of highly trained worken, ordinarily
secured only with difficulty. On application then can be
referred to you, for example a—
UWCUKS
commekui uren
Ut-MMfJtCOB
TRAVELUNG SUESMEN
CHEMISTS
TOUNG C0UEGE GUMMIB
Thete worken are returning to civil occupations with
increased initiative, a broader view of Ufe, and a greater
capacity for work.
EMPLOYERS
Please state your requirements to tht nearett office of tht
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OF CANADA
WOFESSWNtt AND WSINESS SECTION
AtCHTTECIS
BUSINESS EXEcimra
ACCOUNTANTS
TEACHEIS
In. each office the
INFORMATION AND SERVICE BRANCH
DEPARTMENT OF SOLDIERS' CIVIL RE-ESTARUSRMINT
has a representative to  render tpecial Mrvict in tht
re-tatabliahment of the returned toldiw.
VANCOUVER,
VICTORIA,
IEVELST0KE.
InricfTntN*.
CtNlnlBdUk*
fail Sl W*
Trt-lfe
S.-M
m
o
Now More Than Ever
THERE IS NEED FOR A
DAILY LABOR PAPER
Local organizations and individual members of
organized labor can assist in giving Labor a
Daily Paper. The need of the moment is the
Finances to start it with.
WHAT ARE YOU DOING TOWARD IT? PAGE EIGHT
eleventh YEAH. No u     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      tanooutm, b. a
FBIDAT ...Ang«st  tt, 1919'
SNAPS IN
GROCERIES
Specials for Week Commencing Friday, Aug. 22
Carnation Milk, tin  G'/ac
Ward _ B. C. Herrings, largo
tins for  -<ty_c
 6c
FREE
1   lb.   Granulated
with 1 lb. of Blue
Tea at 00c.
Sugar
iibbon
Jello Me
Campbell's Soups  15c
Libby's Tomato Soup  lie
Happy Vale Pineapple  29c
Canada  First  Keiffer Pears,
t_i  SOU
Bed Star Peaches „  19e
Blue Point Oysters  30e
Eagle Brand Lobster, %s....29e
Eagle Brand Lobster, Hs....67e
libby's Bed Salmon, Is ...SSe
Binflower Salmon, _e ......12c
libby's Potted Heats ........7c
Clark's Corned Beef <__e
Onrk's JolHed Veal.- .BBC
Clark's Jellied Veal .42c
Holbrook's Vinegar 89c
Van Camp's Pont aiid Boans
for Mc
Van Camp's Pork and Beans
for ./. Mc
Clark's Pork and Beans ...10c
Clark's Pork and Beans ....28c
Boyal City Pumpkin  ..12c
North Star Peas, tins 12c
Baker's Sweet Chooolate, per
lb. «0e
Baker's Sweet Chocolate, per
- lb. _..J0c
Bed Kidney Beans, 4 lbs._.asc
Purity Wheatlets  .39c
Parowax _ 19c
Mnybloom Tea, V, lb. 14c
Shelled Walnuts, _ lb 25c
2 lbs. Jap Bice for SOc
Quaker Tomatoes, 2s 18c
(Junhcr Peas, por tin *..16e
Say and Martin's Boot  Polishes, 6 for 25c
Shredded Cocoanut, bulk....32c
Empress Strawberry Jam, 4s,
for 11.26
Quaker Strawberry   Jam,   4s,
for  H.H
Vantoria Raspberry Jam, 1_,
for 34c
Climax Jams, -4s 67c
Libby's Stuffed Olives .._._7e
Libby's Stuffed Olives _*!...28c
Argood Pickles  81c
O. K. Sauce 27e
Clark's Tomato Ketehup....23c
Braid's Best Tea' .58c
Woodward's Better Tea ...64c
Woodward's Better Tea ...39c
Our Oold Seal Brand Coffee
for  _„„80c
Post Toasties,
Quaker .
Dominion   or
-H'/sC
Shredded Wheat 18c
Grape Nuts 13c
Sifto Salt ., He
Toilet Paper  6c
Som-Hor Biscuits  JSc
Banisay's Macaroni .„.„  8c
Wcthey's Minco Meat ...13>/tc
Silver Bar Seeded Baisins..l6c
Holbrook's   Custard   Powder
for  12i/aC
Holbrook's   Custard   Pow*d«r
for  J!7e
Bonson's Corn Starch „l$c
Golden Crust Baking Powder
for. -  15c
Goblin Soap   7C
Boyal Crown Soap .....He
Our Cash and Carry Plan Helps to Reduce the
Cost of Living;
[
GET  IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
1
Desire to Have Mass
Meeting   of  Protest
(Continued from page 1)
workers of 90c, and $1.35 overtime.;
Del. Kavanagh itated that this had
been granted by the employers—and
was acknowledges t>/ uie opponent)*
of the O. B. U. in the Longshore
men's organization—because of tho
fear of the employers that thc
O. B. U. would spread into Washington.
Tbe teamsters reported increased
membership.
Tho amended constitution was
then read a third and final time,
and adopted with some slight amendments, thc bylaws being left over to
the next meeting.
Hew Secretary
Before electing a   new   iecretary
and business agent, the couneil went
into executive session, and later J.
Woods was elected to that position.
Wealth and Labor
Bobert Burns, the Scottish poet,
who lived at the time of the revolution iu 'the United States, was one
of the world's foremost champions
of democracy. ' He had the knock of
producing unanswerable arguments,
of which the following stanzas are
typical:
See yonder poor, o'erlabor'd wight
So abject, mean and vile,
Who begs a brother of the earth
To give him leavfi to toil;
And see his lordly fellow won
The poor petition spurn,
Unmindful, though a weeping wife
And helpless offspring .mourn.
If I 'm designed yon lording't alave,
By nature 'a law -design 'd—■
Wby was an independent wish
E'er planted in my mindf
If not why am I subject to
His cruelty or scorn f
Or why has man the will and power
To make his fellow mourn?
At the closing sitting of the Na*
tional Federation of Genoral Workers, held at Manchester, the executive was instructed tto take steps
with a view to' the general workers
of all countries -being federated internationally and the general secretary to proceed with uie necessary
preparations, for calling together an
international conference to be held
preferably in France or Belgium.
Moose Jaw—After being off the
streets jut-, three weeks the street
car service was resumed Saturday
morning last. An amicable arrangement has been mado whereby the
company agrees to reinstate all old
employees and to rceogniic the
union.
Hicfai ft Loviek Piano
UHXT-D
1117 «U_m_LB ST.
TIAXO ta WaJ.it ■•  ._
Oo.,
...lie*
:&•
M O-S.
Stab * Urkk Kama Co.,
SSfksw Ttaaa,H-boiMr .
■tpiaatr-jBB-r
Mr* Mshs taj asweiatM
at tttrtUilar—-
| .mr Mua-nua it. wsar sms)
Worcester, Mass.—Tkrough arbitration Btreet oar men bava raised
wages 27 to 40 per eent. and established a minimum* rate of 15.18 a
day.
The notorious Clifford Slfton is
very much elated over tbe choice of
Mackenzie Eng as leader* of tke
Liberal Party. The "safe and
sane" camouflaged Liberal policy
will be adhered- to.
Cleveland, O.—A 35 to 65 per
eent. increnso in wagos is demanded
for 117,000 firemen and hostlers on
railroads in tho United Statos and
in Canada, in u wage schedule adopted beforo adjournment by three hundred chairmen of tho Brotherhood
of Locomotive .Firemen and Engineers, in sossion here.
Ask yonr grocer if his clerks are
in the union?
If Ton Want Real Shoe Bargains
Come and See Me
Oety a tn da-ys left ia whieh to clear out all the odd linos, before
I ssove lato my lew store.
All high-grade shoes at priees far below today's wholesale eost.
«*_' Boote, reg. *« Qg
♦4.50 and 85, for fOs?0
Boys' Boots—Sizes 1 to 5—
ft_.-i.fl	
ng. ♦W.00, at-*
Hoa'eTl
$7.45
nf. te ♦»•■» ttt $6.95
■ »■'•   W-uUng   Boott-
SS2!*. $6.25
Bring T«_ Ispain Hare.   Tha Material Used Is tkt BMt and
th* Wmkiaaaslilp Superior
Beg. to 85-00,   *0 QR
for   <POi?9
SiMllt0l3-$3.65
Beg.t4.Mfor
line 8-lftH—
Beg. 83*50 fors
"""•■"*-r$2.65
P. PARIS
BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURER
64 HASTINGS STREET WEST
•Mn DOOB WEST OF COLUMBIA THEATBE
Budapest—Paul Garami, the Socialist leader, and other Socialists,
have [announced that tkey would refuse to enter the new government of
Stephen Friedri.h unless Archduke
Joseph abandoned the regency.
Arrangements havo been completed for Boyal Northwest Mounted Polico to take ovor similar duties
in tke provinee of Quebec to thoso
earriod out by tke force in otker
parts of Canada.
Big business dumped carload upon
carload of negroes into United States
industrial centres recently in order
to reduce wages. And then followed
tbo raco riots.
Complete Showing of
FALL STYLES
—magnificent showing of the new model*
in Ladies' and Men's Garments
OUB shipments of Fall stock bave arrived, and we ask your inspection. You'll find tho best lines turned out by tke
manufacturers of tke continont—personally selected by our speeial
Bastem representative.
The FaU designs—both ia Ladies' and Men's wearing apparel, are
striking. Wc offer them in a wido range of fabrics—all tke popular tkadee and mixtures.
Got tke full uae of your Fall outfit—buy right at
tha start of the season. We make this possible
by giving you yonr Suit on payment of a small
Caah Deposit and tba balance ln small weekly
pays-Mite.
OUI aai see o-ar Mack—tad ou price.*—ask ut for full details as
to *ur Pay-at-ycm Wear methods.
B. C. OUTFITTING CO.
342 HASTINGS STREET WEST
-Near Homer
"More than seven thousand ears
of live stock were marketed co-operatively by the farmers of Ave provinces in Canada laet year, and this
•ystem is only commencing."
Great Britain has aet tho price of
wheat imported from Canada at
from $1.55 to $1.80 per bushel.
Canadian statesmen havo set the
prico of wheat to Canadian farmera
at $2.15 per bushel.   Some bungle.
C. P. B. telegraph operators are
granted an increase of from $10 to
$12 per month increase in wages.
O. B.  _.
O. B. U. keen on the O. B. TT.f
May brotherhood speak for all
If our working clans to their classes
be truo,
No need on ttu bose to call;
When mon and their mates, the world
around,
Shall settle their needs and means,
On a mutual ground and a basis
sound,
To llic sido where justice leans.
When thc ways are* laid for our O.
B. U.
And its voyage of stato we sail;
With the working lads as the lords
of foto,
To battle the rising gale;
Though the focman's fleet be girt by
force,
And strong with thc soul of hate,
Ihey shall strike their flags to the
0. B. U,
Ere the reckoning prove too late.
When the railmcn join in the 0. B.
U.
With thc woodsmen koen or craft,
And the shops of steel, and the looms
awheel,
With tlie toilers of beam and shaft;
When our freemen ull   upon  labor
call
For thc Union built on right,
'Tis then  that the O.  B.  U. shnll
strike
With the high right arm of might.
We are welding the faith of tbe 0.
B. U.
The creed of our race today;
For the 0. B. U. shall control thc
earth
When labor has won its way;
Bo manhood calls on the 0. B. TJ,
In ono big friendly band,
Till rations all in the 0. B. U.
j By fellowship mako their Btand.
Every   hand,  -in-spanned,   shall   demand its will,
They shall work for the 0. B. U.;
Not a heart shall depart, but shall
loyally thrill
For the peace Hint is doep and true;
Bach wakening land, from the furthest strnnd
Shall rally its legions round;
0. B. V. there With tho 0. B. TJ.
WHEN THE WORLD   WE   SEEK
IS FOUND.
WALTER 0. BOYNTON, lMfc
Final Clearance
of Women s
Wash Dresse*
and Suits
AA New Low Priea That
Will Compel Wido
Interett
Be among the first to take
advantage of this aale
Monday and you will flnd
many models that will
meet with your approval.
In dresses there are
dainty yoiles, ginghams,
ohallies, muslins and organdies, all in smart, attractive styles and in colors that are-most fashionable. All wanted sizes are
available in this collection. Unusual values—
$3.76, $6.75, $7.60, and better grade garments at
from $8.75 to $26.00.
The Wash Suits are in
drills, gabardines, hollands
and repps, are smartly
fashioned and come in
shades of green, tan,
white, blue or natural.
Very special now at $5.00,
$7.60, $8.60 and better
grade models from $10.50
to $17.60.
575 ORANVILLE
Phone Sey. 3540
Bail Is Refused Strike
Leaders at Winnipeg
(Continued fia-m page 1)
Wellington, N. Z.—OrgeniMd -workera employed on the state-owaed
railroads have forced the government to establish the 44-hoar week
in the railroad shops, without, wage
reductions. , The three war bonus*
ara made permanent for all class*,
of theso workers and the last bonus
given to married men now applies to
single men.
' Tampa, Ha.—In an attempt te ia-
dnce striking employees tb return to
work, phosphate companies announce
that the work day will be reduced
from 12 hours to 10 hours, with no
wage reduction.
tele tke private .
Ilreeented by eonnael wko, while aat
acquiescing jn, did not object to, the
bail being granted. _e Crown was
not represented by counsel. The
learned justice ia Ms judgment does
not refer to the above cited provisions of the Code, which, ao far ai
■we can judge, were not pressed on
his attention. -
Judges rowers Wide
Now H seems to me that these provisions are clear and explicit. By
Sec. 14 proceedings in respect of all
indictable offenses are to be conducted in ihe same manner, without
reference to the former distinction
betwoen felonies and misdemeanors.
Tet Mr. Jastiee Wurtele held that
this distinction atill subsisted in applications for bail whieh are, beyond
doubt, proceedings in reapect of indictable offenses. And, in an application for bail, ia earn of an offense
aa specified ia Sec. tM, tke judgo is
given the fullest discretion. He
'may, ia hia discretion" make or
refuse to make tke order. Witk every
appreciation of tke weight to be attached to tho decisions of Mr. Justice Wurtele, I am convinced that
the plain intention of parliament waa
to confer the widest possible discretion upon the judgo saying the exceptions stated in Sec. 698, which ie
dead and on the subsequent section.
Some of the grounds on which bail
may be properly refused are set forth
in the judgment in the Fortier ease,
but they are not, nor are they intended to be exclusive. I mnst here
consider tho nature and gravity of
the charge; reeont events in the
historf of this community and its
present circumstances; the' character
of the evidence brought out at the
preliminary hearing, and the conduct of the accused from the time
they were released from custody
after their arrest. No understanding
is now offered* that the accused will
refrain from continuing to make
public utterances which may bo essentially repetitions or elaborations
of those nnder the investigation of
the magistrate at tho preliminary
hearing and .which aro to be placed
before a jury in due course. It is
the faet that such an undertaking
was previously given by the accused
and not adhered to. The reason or
excuse assigned for this.repudiation
of a solemn obligation cannot be entertained.
On consideration of tbe whole
matter as --. is presented to me, in
viow of the vitally important issues
from the standpoint of the public
that, are involved and having In mind
the attitudo and conduct of the accused throughout, I am of tbe opinion that I must decline to make the
order sought on this application.
The case of re Frost, i L. T. B.
757, was cited as an authority favoring the contention put forward
on behalf of the accused. But, as I
FALL STYLES^
HAVE ARRIVED
Jfaaffum
_raft
Pure Wool
Guarantee
Clothes
for Men
10 Per Cent. Discount
to all Returned Men
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St
soo it; the express provisions df our
Code supersede the slate of law as it
existed at the timo of that decision,
and the judge before whom such an
application as this is made has now
full discretion in all the offences
mentioned in Sec. 698 of whieh this'
is one.
Statement by E. J. McMurray
The men were duly committed for
trial by B. M. Noble, police magistrate, who held the preliminary kearr
ing, and, as is usual in eases of this
kind, application was made to a
county court judge for an order
authorizing the magistrate to grant
bail. The application in tbis particular instance was made to the
Honorable Judge Paterson of the
eounty court. Andrews, counsel for
the Crown, adviaed us the day before that was communicating with
Ottawa awaiting instructions, and,
when he appeared before Judge Paterson, asserted that the instructions
he had reecirod were to neither oppose nor consent to bail and leave
the matter entirely in the hands of
the judgo. That would have been
very satisfactory if he had done
that, but after deliberately stating
his attitude he then urged every
reason that he possible could think
THB AKT Or STARVATION
Civilization is outraged by the
starvation of millions of Austrians,
Russians and German women and
children. Liberal thought and humanitarian instinct unite in their
protest against it. Tet starvation is
ono of the arte of civilisation. Five
thousand years ago starvation was
used as a niethod of enriching the
king of Egypt. Tho high priest of
His Syclin was Joseph, Its effects
are described in the Book of Genesis
(Chap. 47.) Egypt was cursed with
famine. Joseph had persuaded the
king to store up all the surplus grain
of the oountry for seven years. Then
camo the lean years—
'13. And there was no bread in
all the land;   .   .   .
"14. And Joseph gathered up all
the money that was found iu the
land of Egypt and in the land of
Canaan, fer the corn which they
bought;   ,   ."-.
"15. And when money failed in
the land of Egypt, and in the land of
Canaan, all the Egyptians camo unto
Joseph and said, Give us bread; for
why should wo die in thy presence!
For the money faileth.
"16. And Josoph said, Give your
cattle; and I will give you for your
cattle, if money fail."
Subsequent verses record how
Joseph took not only tho farm animals but eventually all tho land of
Egypt, for King Pharaoh, because
the famine was so severe that farmers sold their land rather than see
their families starve to death.
Twentieth century civilization is
built on the same principle of surplus in the hands of the master class
nnd starvation for tho workers that
is described in Genesis. Thc work*
ers come to tho master class and
givo up all of their money (the high
cost of living); they pert with thcir
farm animals, (they move from the
country into the city); they sell
their land (becomo renters and tenants). Thereafter thoy are at the
mercy of tho owning, master class.
Starvation looms large in Bussia,
Austria and Germany when it is used
as a wnr measure to coerce mon and
women. This same taethod employed
as a peaco measure all over the western world attracts no mere than a
mero passing attention. It is so trite
and commanplaee that the majority
of people will scarcely listen with
patience while men and women ™
cuss it.—Scott Nearing.
Where Is your union button!
Yes! Ladies and Gentlemen!—Your Credit Is
Good Here and Right Now You'll Find It a Real
Convenience—You Can Use It to Purchase Any
of (he Bargains Advertised at Our
Re-Organization Sale
—and mind you, this is no ordinary sale, it's a
real money-saving event. Everything has been
so drastically cut that at first it may not appear
genuine, but it's absolutely 0. K. The new management have taken charge of the business and
have ordered the stock to be turned into cash
immediately in order to make room' for the incoming Fall goods, and to make it easier to settle
the dissolution of partnership.
COMBI BUT ALL TOU NBEDI NBVEB MIND THB OASHI
WE'ix nun tou!
JiM  Par  •  UINt Sown  aad a Uttla .Back  Week WWla
Wearing
Several styles aad shades.     MA t_f_
LADIES' SUITS
Assorted   pattens   aai   styles.     Begular
Sale pries    $22*50
SERGE DRESSES
atylea aad ■
Begular 835-00, ta clear .
SILK DRESSES
A very  choice  selection.    Begular  ♦40.00,
tri    r $20.00
SILK SWEATERS
In eeveral shades.   Begular   (tOA l\l\
839.60, to clear at  *#*fiU.UU
DRESS  SKIRTS
Silk Poptia in all colors.   Beg.    *Q  {•/)
♦U.60, to be cleared at.  epOtOV
LADIES' COATS
Assorted materials and various styles. Ilagu-
£_T:d**l .$12.50
LADIES' FALL COATS
Mostly travellers' samples.   Begular 830.00.
$19.50
SILK  SUITS
In various silks and styles.   Begular priees
840.00 to 875.00, OlOK l0 _fe__.fl
WASHABLE SUITS
These au a rare snap, Begular *f_Q t*f\
814.60, going for  .v.    «PO.OU
MEN'S
SUITS
Onlr tt te dear,
-nMaMs fsr tan er
beslasss wear; very
stylish* asserts*
ns. Iat. ta.
srks—
17
.50
To dear for
only	
'DBE8S WELL' ON EASY TEBM8 AT THE
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd;
143 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Opposite Province Offlce       •',.._•       •      •      •     Stir. 1301
of in opposition to bail being grant*
ed. Considering the importance given to tha case and the fact that it
had been featured so much by the
daily press here, Judge Paterson was
timid aboat granting ball and while
he didn't refuse to grant bail ho preferred that the bail should be granted by a judge of tha king's bench
court.
In conformity with hia views, wa
then placed the matter before Mr.
Justice Cameron of the appeal
court, and wa contended Irstly that
as this ease was in law a misdemeanor prior to the passing pf the Criminal Code, ws were entitled ts bail
as of Tight; secondly, that if the
judge did have a discretion it was
one of those eases In which bail
should be granted as a matter of
course.
It was urged by counsel for the
defense before Ur. Justice Gamoroa
that the paramount consideration,
in fact the only real consideration,
for a judge in granting ball la the
the accused will be there to answer
to his offense when'called upon.
Numerous authorities were' quoted,
and you can set it out as a principle
that the only valid consideration for
tho refusal of bail to any man ia the
likelihood of him not being present
when called upon to answer to a
charge against him. in this caae it
waa urged that the charge against
theae men was a light one for which
there was only two years imprisonment as provided by the Code. Secondly, that they were men who were
tied ts th* eity by family ties, many
ef them men of standing ia the community; that heretofore in cases of
this kind where the punishment was
the same,, bail was anated as a
matter et course.
Counsel for the erewn arged that
bail ahould not bs (ranted on. tha |
ground that the accusod had broken
an understanding made, by them
while under bail in the flrst instance.
Tbis was denied, as tha accused refused to be bound by that bail aad
the bail was iaersMM without conditions. Secondly his Main argi-
meat was that if these awn war* at i
large the offense woald ba repeated, I
further, the counsel fsr the crown '
also alleged that these eight ma (
were planning a strike cf the raa-
ning trades for the IM sf October. |
This also was dealed.
In conclusion I may atate that 11J
eame as a matter of great astonish- j
ment to Ind tho court refusing bail I
on a oharge where tha penalty is that I
of two years. Cases of burglary,!
arson, rape and forgery ia which thel
penalty runs all the way from ivel
ta fourteen years ar* *oataunly b»il*B
able. ■
MEN's
NECESSITIES-
EVERYDAY requirements at this season
—necessities that carry the Dick guarantee and at Dick prices—these lines are
good buying—here, you get measurable
quality with a range to choose from not
equalled in any other Men's Store-
Just In
100 dozen of men's fancy colored silk lisle
sox—guaranteed fast colors.
Dick's Price 50c   per pair
Balbriggan Underwear
Double-thread Balbriggan Underwear in
every size.
Dick's Price. 50_ per garment
English Llama Socks ,
The genuine Llama, each pair bearing the
name stitched in red silk—guaranteed.
Dick's Price. 65c   per pair    10% OFF TO
ALL SOLDIERS
Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back
33-45-47-49. Hastings Slr.Eash

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