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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 14, 1919

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y r ;,v»yy
$2.00 PER YEAR
[Employers Are Importing
Men Who Don't Know
Strike Exists
[Good  Conditions  Established in Many
BobortB Luke Camp, Rock Bay, is
on strike, owing to the compuny not
conforming to tho conditions demanded by tho men.
Othor strikes aro being maintained at the Capilano Lumbor Company's campa; Merrill, King &
Mooro Camp, Duncan Bay; Adams
Biver Lumber Company'a camp and
mill at Chase and Enderby.
Yapp and Walker's camp", Sechelt,
ha3 been put on the unfair list owing to the employers firing all union
men .and filling the camp with Si-
Men at work for the Gerntrd
Lumber Company, Trout Lako, cannot get their wages and would bo
left stranded -were it not for tho
organization stepping in and providing for tho necessary financial
The    Engineers'    Unit    of    tho
0. B, U. .is  asking   for   assistance
in securing a real eight-hour day for
|s the camp engineer.   What havo you
done about it in your campt
Docs tho carpenter who fixes up
[( your camp for tho improved eon-
1 ditions carry an 0. B. U. card? Wo
do not want to waste timo and
energy in fighting each other on
sectional lines, but the fact remains
that there is no unity of interest
between an O. B, U. member as such
and an A. F. of L. member aa such.
During a conversation held recently with an employer, he ridiculed tho "outrageous" camp conditions demanded by the men. When
told that somo employers had conceded practically all the conditions,
ho said, ""but those are only the
small outfits." Naturally he ignored thc fnct that if a small outfit
could concede the condtions and
still operate thoir camps successfully (profitably) it was obvious that
tho larger ones eould easily do so,
'fhiB view hasdreceivod unintentional
'governmental endorsation, for in the
official report of camp conditions
itent to the government by one of
itB inspectors it said, "Many of-the
smaller camps are operating with
limited capital and a strict enforcement of tho regulations governing
sanitary conditions in the camps
would force them to cense operations," This official view hns, however, boen proven incorrect by tho
fact of many employers having conformed not only to the government
requirements but also to those of
the union, and aro operating as successfully as over.
Still further evidence of tho employers' ability to como through
with tho conditions demanded is
forthcoming in the fact that thc
men on strike at Chase report all
camps in thcir district as having
conceded the eight-hour day and full
union conditions with union crows,
oxcept tho Adams Rivor Lumber
Company, which refuses to do so,
and whose camps and mill arc still
on strike. The company has its
representatives scouring the prairies
for. scabs. Thoy thought they had
steured a hundred—but only by misrepresentation—nnd when the men
came along and found a strike on
every man refused to go to the job.
How's tbat for working class solidarity! The company says it will
flood the district with five or Bix
hundrod men. Chase is in Kamloops
district, the headquarters of which
, has tins weok reported a membership of over a thousand, ond still
growing, and of hnving had to
move into larger headquarters,
Mombors in overy camp aro urged
to hold frequent meetings to discuss
questions of interest to tho working
class, and particularly tho organised lahor movoment with a class-
conscious basis. Naturally tho discussions will havo frequent bearings
upon (he question of the 0. B, U,,
how it should be formed and how
operated. Jn the booklets of the
L. W. I. IT. constitution and laws,
which havo boen sent to every camp,
will, bo found the constitution nnd
laws of tho 0. B. If. as now constituted. Write to headquarters so
(Continued on pago 8)
Adolph Derrill Gets 23
Fined $100
Winnipeg.—Judgo Georgo Patter-
ion recently imposed the first sentence on men eharged in connection
-with tho strike riots ii Winnipeg
streets on June 21,
Adolph Derrill, Thomas Sheridan
and Harold C, Pratt appeared charg-
od with rioting and with being members of an unlawful assemblage.
Derrill was convicted nnd sentenced
to jail Tot 23 months.
Thomas Sheridan was found guilty
of being a member of an unlawful
assemblage and was fined $150, or,
as nn alternative, ono year In jail.
"He paid the fine.
Harold Pratt was discharged owing to lack of evidence,
A verdict of guilty with a recommendation for mercy was returned
in tho case of Henry Oourck and ho
wus remanded for scntoncp. " W. H.
Jacques, appearing jointly with
Uourck, was found not guilty.
Editor and Others Are
Jailed *s More Are to
\% 1low;
Seattle.—Fdrf 1 warrants for tho
seizure of the ■\ ion Becord,
eial organ of \
Labor Council, \
B. Ault and othe.
licntion,  woro   i\ ■
by    Robert   E. \
States district at. ^ vy,
from     United     I.* ts
Seattlo   Central
tho arrest of E.
"tors of the pub-
1  on   Thursday
ndcrs,   Unitod
oy, on   advico
General Palmer,    uveral of thoso
charged were arrested at 2 o'clock.
George B. Listman, president of
tho Trades Union Savings and Loan
Asociation, and member of thc
Union Record board of control, and
F. A. Rust, seeretary-mannger of
the Lnbor Tomplo Association, nro
others for whom warrants were issued.
Formal complaints filed by Mr.
Saunders in the Federal Court at
Taeoma charged that Ault and othor
speakers aided' and abetted the massacre of war voterans at Centralia,
and have been engaged in a campaign for the overthrow of the government.
'Wo are in dead earnest," Mr.
Saunders declared. ' * Treachery to
thc government ennnot bo overlooked. We arc going to the limit. This
is only thc beginning of a sweeping
movement to quash radical publications iu this country,"
Thousands   Arrested   on
Charges of Criminal
A nation wide raid was commenced last Friday, by tho United
States authorities on the homes and
headquarters of the I. W. W., Communist Labor Party, Socialist Party
of America and the Russian Workors' Union. Thousands of arrests
were made and every large city of
the United Stntes. haa its quotu. The
raids were mado as a campaign to
suppress the? propaganda for the
overthrow nf the United States Government. Friday waa the second anniversary of tho Russian Soviot
revolution tnd the raids were made
to prevont a possiblo "rod revolt
on that day.
The raids are continuing throughout the whole country and attacks
are being made on various headquarters by "loyal" citizens in plnces
where .the government has taken no
Tlii- men are boing charged with
"criminal syndicalism" and with
violating tho Freeman Act, which
makes it an offence to "advocate
reforms by the uso of crime, violence, sabotage or terroism."
- Defense Dance.
Don't forget thc Trades and
Labor Council whist drivo j and
danco on Wednesday, -December 3,
in the Dominion-Hull. This dance
is being organized to raiso funds for
the defense of tho men arrested in
Winnipeg. Admission, gents 50c ladies 25c.
, Tho .lumber workers of Port
Neville, B. C, held a camp meeting
recently and voted unanimously to
donate one day's pay for the Winnipeg defense fund. The sum donated
amounts to $431.03, and tho Vancouver Lumbor Company has: issued a
cheque for that amount on request
of the boys.
Edinburgh I. L. P., Man
Will Address Labor
Meeting Sunday
Comrado J. W. Hogg, business
agent of tho Provisional Trades
Council, will bo tho speaker at the
Federntod Labor Party meeting in
the National Thoatro next Sunday
evening. Comrade Hogg, was chairman at Barnard's meoting in tho
same t heat-re last Sunday night. He
takes as his subject, "Political Unrest." As a member of tho Edinburgh, Scotland, branch of, tho I, L.
P., and activo in the interests of
that organization, ho is ablo to make
a considerable contribution to thc
propaganda work of tho Federated
Labor Party. Mrs. C. Lorimer will
occupy the chair.
The Labor Party school is showing steady progress ,and last Sunday interest was increased by tho
announcement of the arrival of the
song books from tho British Labor
Pnrty. Only 100 pf these were ordered in the first place, but more
havo been ordered •immediately, as
half of the lot wore sold lust Sunday
alono. Tho school moots overy Sundav in O'Brien Hall at 2:30 p.m.
Tho next meeting of tho Junior
Labor League will be hold at the
club-rooms, 53 Duffer in street west,
on Friday, Nov, 21, when tbo educational committee has chargo of the
programme. Sinco thc opening of the
school for the winter season, applications for thc league havo token
quite a jump.1
The regular weekly meeting of the
F. L. P. Debating Club will take
place next Suturday night 'in thp
party rooms, 510 Dominion building,
when tho "pro's and con's" of one
of the popular topics of the day will
bc debated. The subjoct is, "llesol-
ved, thut Prohibition is in tho best
interests of the working class," Thc
report of last Saturday's meeting
will bo found in another columa.
*******       *******        *******      ******      ****** .    ******      ******
B. C. Quota Is $20,000—All Labor Officials Are Asked to Co-operate With B. C.
Committee—Toronto Committee Is Taking the Campaign in Eastern Canada
—Winnipeg Will Look £fter the Three Prairie Provinces—The Fight
Has Just Begun for the Defence of Labor's Spokesmen
IN ORDER TO RAISE FUNDS for the defence of the men ifrested as a result of the Winnipeg strike, thc issue of
"Workers Liberty Bonds" has been decided upon. The Winnipeg Central co'mmitee is taking care of the three
Prairie Provinces, and the Toronto committee is taking ehirfce of thc campaign in thc East. The British Columbia
committee is taking care of this Province, and branch committees in Prince Rupert, Victoria, Cumberland and other points
arc all joining with thc Central committee at Vancouver, so that the campaign may be as thorough as possible.
An appeal is being sent to every organization in the Province, and the co-operation of local secretaries and other union
officials is sought by the committee which has the campaign in hand for British Columbia. By the aid of thc loeal organi-
zaton officers, and other workers, that are interested in the cases now before the courts in Winnipeg, it is expected that British Columbia will respond to the fullest extent, and the amount allotted to this Provinoe, $20,000, will be oversubscribed.
The Central committee in Winnipeg is determined that nothing that can be done in the defence of thc arrested men, shall
be left undone, but this costs money. It is expected that before the final stage of the battle of Labor for the freedom of its
spokesmen is reached, that it will cost in thc neighborhood of $100,000. There is still a large part of this amount to be
raised. This can only be done by the workers. The following appeal is being sent to as many individual workers as it is
possible to secure thc addresses of. If you do not receive one, don't wait, take this as an invitation to subscribe.
Fellow Worker:—
During his recent tour of Eastern Canada, the Rev. Wm. Ivens suggested, and used as his slogan "One Day's Pay for
Winnipeg," and the issue of "Worker's Defence Liberty Bonds,!' which can be used as a receiupt therefor.
The idea was received with enthusiasm in the East and especially in the City of Toronto, and the Defence Committee
there at once secured the services of Comrade T. Mallilieu for six, weeks to inaugurate a "Liberty Bond" campaign of every
worker in the three prairie provinces, with an objective of $25,000.00.
Thc opening day of thc campaign is Saturday, November 15th, and closing at midnight Monday, December 15th, 1919.
■ The bonds will be issued in denominations of $1.00, $2.00 and $5,00 each, in different colors, and will form an interesting
souvenir of the historic struggle of Labor against persecution at the hands of unscrupulous plutocracy.
Thc B. C. section of the Defence Committee has been asked to carry on the campaign in this Province, and has consented to do so, and now makes this appeal to individual workers throughout the Province to "Donate One Day's Pay" to
thc defence of the men arrested, because they voiced thc wishes of the workors, and whenever possible, delivered the message
that will educate thc workers to their position in society. This, and this alone, is thcir crime. True to their fellows, thoy
now are standing trial before a capitalistic court, with all the powers that can be lined up against them, and unless every
effort is made, their fate will be the penitentiary:
The Defence Committee is determined that everything that can be done to secure their acquittal shall be done, but the
machinery of the law must be lubricated, and money is necessary so that every available legal process may be used in the
effort now being made on behalf of our fellow workers.   Ufllcps their acquittal is secured, no member of the working class .
will be safe.   It may be your turn tomorrow.
Your money will aid us.   Surely a day's pay is not too muah to give for a fellow worker's liberty?
If it were your touru tomorrow, would you like to think that anything that could have been done was left undone?
You alone can supply the answer. There is no interest on the«d bonds. The stake is greater than financial gain. It is the
Liberty of Speech and action on behalf of the workers that)is at stake. The responsibility belongs to every individual
J. EWART, Publicity Agent. Secretary B. C. Defence Committee.
HAS DR. W. 1.
Educational Work Is a
Feature of the
Big Meeting to Be Held
for Discussion of
O. B. U.
(Special to The B. C. Fedorationist)
The winter has set in here with u
vengeance. Zero weather continues,
while flour like snow is driven in
every conceivable direction to the
disgust and discomfort of the tenderfoot. This, howover, is the pre-
ciso weather desired by those who,
during such strenuous days (or
nights) desire to assist in spreading
real sound knowlcdgo amongst tho
workers of this city, and thus assist
in offsetting much of the metaphysical slush and nonsense thnt wilt always find exponents . amongst a
movement so wido in scope and
character as thc Lnbor movement in
- As one trots around through the
streets of this city, and becomes acquainted with muny of tho workers,
he is surprised to,discover tho great
interest that is evinced in u discussion of tho working cluss position,
from tho scientific standpoint. Tho
Central Labor Council, of the O. B.
17., so your correspondent recently
learned, had appointed a committee
to go extensively into Ihe question
uf ways and means of getting sound
knowledge to the membership. Your
correspondent, accordingly, wont to
hear tho report given from this com-
ittce to thogcnorul meeting of the
council. It is a most remarkable und
exhaustive document, setting out tho
ds of times ,nnd proposing machinery for the creation of speakers'
classes, such speukers to be first of
all well equipped with a knowlcdgo
of the subject they tackle," und then
address each unit in turn in the city.
Since there appear to be some 25 to
30 units organised in the O. B. IT.,
it is expected thnt such speakers
dealing with ono definite subject 25
to 30 times, will devolop in the capacity of public platform performers.
But this is not all, nor nearly all.
The programme outlined by thc educational committeo is no backyard
affair; in fnct, it is n most pretentions business, which will entuil considerable energy and time, not to
mention a littlo expense. But. Win-
peg workers aro nothing if not
The lust dnnee of the Centrnl Lnbor Council, held a few days ago,
wns a huge success, and is to bc followed by another similar social function, tho proceeds of which will be
turned ovor, I understand, to tlio educational committee, for the put*-
:hase of tho nocossary books and
supplies. Not alone are speakers to
he produced, whose work will bo to
jocts ns already outlined, but definite
jeets us already oltlincd, but definite
classes are to bc formed on subjects,
a knowlodge of which is of supreme
importance to tho Workers at tho
present time. Economic clusscs are
oven now being held as features of
local units, members welt versed in
tho Marxian jdiiltsophy jumping in
Discussion on "Labor and
Internationalism" on
Discussion on tho above subject
was opened last Sunday by Mr. Tom
Bichardson, whoso address was designedly thought' provoking,' and
proved to bo discussion promoting.
At the close of tho moeting, Dr.
Curry was requested to givo the address next Sunday to continue discussion on the same subject. The
programmo of Forum meetings consists of one main address, followed
by questions and .then five-minuto
discussion from the plutform.
A programme is now propared
which will carry tho Forum through1
the balance of this year, and judging
from Inst Sunday afternoon's attendance, tho capacity bf tho largo
O'Brien Hall will soon be taxed.
Meetings begin at 2:30 p.m.
Mention  tho  Federationist whon
you make a purchaso at a Btore.
Transport Workers Union
Has 110,000 Members
of Many Trades
Dublin.—Anyone who reads tho
inspiring roport of a census juat
completed by the Irish Transport
Workers' Union cannot fail to observe that this powerful federation
of workers, while technically a un*
Ion merely of laborers In the transport business, is virtually becoming the One-Big-Union of Ireland.
The census reveals the fact that
the union has already surpassed
the 11.HMO-member mark, and that
It.embraces not only tho 17,193-
transport nnd fuel workers, but also 28,911 men and women in the
industries, 58,940 workers engaged
in one way or another in the production of food, and 5,703 miscellaneous workers, the latter including clerks, school teachers, shop
assistants, civil servants, theatre
employees, etc.
In fact, the number of laborers
engaged in the production of food
and laying the groundwork for a
real education along working class
lines. CIussos on industrial history,
sociology, philosophy, biology und
English composition ,aiso are to bo
arranged for, while a circulating
library is to bo birilt up, designed
for thc use of the members of the O.
B. U. Could you but soo tho list of
speakers, you might then bc able to
form some idea as to the progress
now being mude along the lines herein outlined, by the workers in this
city. A muss meeting is to bo held
next Sunday, to outline tlie progress
nnd purpose of tho O. B. U. Thu
largest hall iu tho city, capable of
easily holding 8000 peoplo, has been'
secured. Theso meetings, 1 understand, nre also to bc a pcrodie, feature of tile O. B. U. work in thc eity
of Winnipeg. 	
Foar  Returned  Soldiers
Killed in Washington
Members of the Industrial Workers of the World are being arrested
in various Washington cities ns'n
■rttsult ;of the Centralia tragedy in
which members of the I. W. W. ave
alleged-to'have fired upon an "-Arm*
ifttice■'Day".parade, hilling four returned soldiers.and wounding muny
Others, E. Everett*, an I. W. W.
organizer, was lynched and his body
dragged through the streets. Thirty
others were arrested and are now. in
Cju-'twlls jail.
Raids have been mude in Seattle
and 37 arrested. Forty-six have
been arrested in Tncoma und several
in Spokane nnd other smaller cities.
United States District Attorney
Saunders of Seattle haft issued orders . to "arrest every I. W. W.
whether ho hus a card or is known
to be affiliated with that organization, and hold them for federal investigation..
Preparing   for   Possible
Opening by Dec. 1—
Meetings Held
Preparations arc now well in hand
for the opening of tho ccntrul store
of thp Vancouver Co-operative Society. Painters are now at work,
and the carpenters will bo on the
job Saturday afternoon. This work
it being done by tho carpi1 utcr» from
the C. P. It. shops, nnd no chargo
will bo made for tho work. Both
point and lumber arc being bought
in bulk by the society and co-operators arc doing the rest. The board
of {directors is working practically
overy night in thc week gratuitously*]
Kitsilano Meeting
A moeting will bo held in the
Methodist Church at 14th nnd Yew
on Monday evening for the purpose
of acquainting thc residents of that
district with thc plans of the society.
North Vancouvor Meoting
Another mooliug will be held in
tho K. P. Hall in North Vancouver
On Wednesday evening.
Money and members arc coming
in pretty fast and thc store will
probably be opened by December L
The store at 41 Pendor Street West
is opm every afternoon for the enrolling of members. Thc phono number is'Seymour 403.
Sunday Meetings of Socialist  Party  Are
A "labor" representative for tho
Pacific coast of the U. 8., with the
appropriate name of FISH, speaking
at tho Alumni Society luncheon
(whoevor thoy may be), said that
thero existed in Vancouver an element, which he termed .genuine 100
por cent. Bolshevists, and which
aimed at the overthrow of constituted authority. Thoy colled themsolves wago slaves, and had as their
ambition tho control of industrial
life. "Poor Fish" evidently recognizes that this clement exists in
large and ever-increasing numbers
all over the capitalist world and is
getting scared tbat hii fishing business will soon become bankrupt, so
lie calls upon thoso present to save
the situation, and stand together in
the fight against Bolshevism."
Perhaps the objections of Mr.,Fish
to the Bolsheviki are based
upon tho respect our local women
have for themselves.
In order to understand this situation workers and others would do
well to nttend tho Empress Theatre
meetings evory Sunday at 8 p.m.
Discussion and questions. C. Lestor
will be the speaker on Sunday.
Give a littlo encouragement to our
Will Not Conclude Before
Christmas, Says
which have joined the transport
workers Is far in excess of any other class of workers, outnumbering
oven the transport workers thomsolves-by a ratio of three to oui;.
These food laborers include ugri-
iiiltitral workers, gardeners, seedsmen, dairy workers, heritors, drovers, bacon factory employees,
butchers, jam makers, grocerers,
bakers, hotel workers, brewery
workera, etc., etc.
First Shipment of Liberty
Bonds Will Arrive
The trial of the men arrested in
Winnipeg ns a result of the general
striko ia expected to commouco on
Tuesday next week, according to
the latest word that has bceu received from Winnipeg. Prosecuting
Attorney Andrews says thut the
trials will not bo concluded by
Chris I in us. Full reports of tho Iriu'l
will bo published in the Federationist each week, arrangements having
beon made with Winnipeg to this
effect. The Winnipeg Lubor Church
has already subscribed for a block
of Liberty Bonds, to tho extent of
$5000. The campaign will bo
opened iu Brandon on Sunday by
Roger Bray, one of the men facing
trial. It is expected thut tho first:
shipment of bonds and buttons for
the B. 0. fiaiiipn'ign will bo on hum]
on Saturday morning. These can be
secured ut nil times at the Fedora*
tionlst office, which will be the head-
quarters of the eunipaign in tliis
Injunctions Tie Up Funds
aiid Activities—Forced
to Quit Strike
Indianapolis.—Judge Anderson on
Saturday ordered the officials df the
United Mine Workors of America
to withdraw their order calling over
400,000 memberB on strike. Ho
made the restraining order preventing them from furthering the strike
u temporary injunction.
"I'm going lo hold that even two
miners who work with their hands
.cnnnet.couspiro to quit work," Fedoral Judgo Anderson informally
stated whilo hearing arguments on
tho government's appeal for an ih-
jui.ction in the coal strike.
This injunction' is unique.' It is
intended to absolutely prohibit properly elected officials in thc miners'
union from any jurisdiction in the
strike situation and tu Ieave: thc
army of 000,000 union miners without "ammunition." Ammunition
in a general strike being the funds
collected for the purpose of carrying on the tight. The minors have a
$15,000,000 strike fund.
The union officials agreed to the
ruling of the court nnd wired to all
Iho local unions that "the ordor directing a cessation of mining opera-
lions iu the bituminous coul fields is
wi'hdruwn und cancelled."
Tho latest news is to the effect
thftt the miners are not generally responding to thc coll.
Trades Council to Assist
Liberty Bond
President Midgley States
Progress Being Made
at Edmonton
If the intention of the organization committee of the * Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council is realized
there will be a Women's Auxiliary
to the O. B. U. oo Friday, the^Tst.
This committee in reporting stated
in its report that a meeting for thi:;
purpose would bo held on Friday,
the 21st, and invited all women
members of the families of O. B. U.
members, or of the other organizations affiliated with the council, to
attend the moeting. It is thc intention to enlist the scrvicas of tho
women folks in "Thc Workers'
Liborty Bond Campaign" which
opens on Saturday.
To Aid Defence Commutes
A communication from the defence
committee outlining the programmo
for the raising of funds for the^ defence of thc workers arrested as a
result of the Winnipeg strike, by tho
sale of Liberty Bonds, was read, and .
tbo proposal endorsed, and thc executive committee was instructed to
net in conjunction with the defence
committee. Thc secretory wns ulso
instructed to write to thc affiliated
organizations asking thom to appoint ono member each on the defence committee for tho campaign.
The secretary of thc committee announced that some $8000 had been
raised to date in the province, and
thut much of this had gone in the •
defonce of the Bussian workers arrested in tho city, and the balanco
sent to Winnipeg or in pnying legal
expenses, and tho maintenance of
the families of the men arrested.
He also announced thnt tho committee would meet on Friday evening
to perfect the campaign for'thc sale
of Liberty Bonds.
Over the Top
At hst! Members of the O. B. U.
throughout Canada will now be able
to obtain overalls and working shirts
bearing lite O. B. U. label. Arrangements have hoeu made'for the issuing of the .label in Winnipeg, where
these nQUOSMUy pieces Of working-
class apparel, shirts and overalls,
will bo made.
Tuesday . evening, November 4,
1019, was the time of the coup d'etat
thc Garment Workers of Winnipeg
finally going "over the top" unanimously planting the O. B. U.
standard'On the battered trenches of
tho international.
EvOry worker in Winnipeg, snd
throughout the West (Edmonton,
Calgary, Vancouver, etc., take note)
can and must ask, and keop on asking, for the O. B. V. label on overalls and working shirts.
Keep your eyes skinned. Do not
be afraid fo go into storo after storo
until you find the placo carryihg
goods bearing this label:
Tho "Winnipeg Garment Workora
have recognized where their inlrrestH
lio in this regard. Thoy need our
help. They must have that help.
WiH thoy get if* It is up to you,
and you, and you; every last one of
The Glasgow Forward reports thnt
whilo the railway men wore on
strike for higher wages thc fiiinn-
eiers engineered a move to force the
government to pay n higher rate of
interest on their loans. And the {intruders did not have to strike. They
just withheld their money until tho
government agreed to pay one per
cent. more. This ono per eent.
means that ."1175,000,000 more per annum will be paid to the financiers
out of Ihe "more production" thc
workers are urged to undertake.
Warning From Alaska
Thc Alaska Labor union has issuod a warning to tiny men think-
ing of going into that territory looking for work. Particular reference
is mnde of Ilydor, where the Premier Mine, the largest niine in tlmt
section of the country, is endeavor
ing to get men to work for $1.25
per day and board while the men
nrf! demanding $5.00 per day with
Where is your union button!
Mill Workers Are Active
in   the  Royal
At tho business meeting of Engl*
noors nnd Mill Workors, held in New
Westminster on ThtiNfuay, llth Inst.,
it was derided to hold meetings over
there (wire u month, an tlie orgnrri-
v-ntion is continuing to grow, nud the
fnembera feel that they want to tak.1
a moro active pnrt 'iu the Lubor
movement, The noxt meeting in
New Wos trains tor will be held in the
Labor Hnll on Wednesday, November BOth, nnd will commence- nt 8
p.m. Alt members living or working
in that district should make it- n
point to be present, as the discussions on the various working class
problems arc always interesting.
Thc organization meeting, which
is to bc held in room 302, Labor
Temple. Vancouver. Sunday, Nov.
Ifith, will commence nt .; p.m., and
promises to be well attended. Quite
a number of unorganized Mill Workers have already promised to attend.
and all members who are interested
in tho< welfare of thc organization,
nre tsuro lo bo present, and will bring
along their fellow workers in the
mills who desire lo get information
regarding the .workings of the-One
Big Ufi"
Orgnnizer Wood reported that
good progress waB being made in
organizing, and that there were four
organizations that would soon be
linked up with the O. B. I*., and
that as soon as some financial mat-
tcr« were straightened out one'New
Westminster organisation would join
the new organisation.
Progrea lit Edmonton
President Midgley stated that ho
had seen in thc Provinco that tho
Edmonton Free Press denied that
the O. B. U. was making progress in
Edmonton. He said we have the
facts nnd they cannot be disputed.
Ho stnted that supplies for a thousand members had boon forwarded
to that city, and that they had established a central labor council,
nnd that at Dun vegan tho railroad
workers, who numbered in ono organization somo 68, with the exception of two were members of tho
O. B. U. He also reported that bo
had received a cheque for $270 from
the Longshoremen at Fort William
for supplies, and that a new textile
workers' organization bad been
formed at Carlcton Place, Ontario.
Thc Laundry Workers reported
that they had signed up some moro
new members, nnd tbe Transport
Workers gave a similar report. The
Marine Fireman reported that they
were doing good work organizing.
May Be Trouble at Chase
The Loggers reported that they
had increased their membership in
this district by 1600 members, and
wore holding educational meetings
every night. They also reported u
strike at Rock Bay. Reporting as
to the conditions at Chase, Ihey
stated tbnt men wcro being shipped
in from all points, and tho following wire had heen sent to tbe Ministers of Lnhor at Ottawa, and at
Victoria, and had notified every government employment agency in the
West as to the conditions:,'
"Strike at Chaso, B. C, at camps
and mill of Adams River Lumber
Company for eight-hour dny, ete.
Settlement on any other basis impossible. Company is flooding the
district with large numbers of men
from all prairie provinces without
informing them of labor troubb'.
Men arriving in large numbers,
many of thrtn broke, and impossiblo
to secure accommodation. If company Im permitted to continue getting in men by suppressing vital in-
(Continued on page 6)
ily, nffd it looks as if the organization will lie in shape next spring to
make its strength fell by the lumber
interests nf the I'rovini-e who are al
presont attempting to take ttdvan-
lage of the Labor market, which i<
In iheir fnvor by making the working conditions as intolerable for Ihe
wurkois us they dare.
_ It was reported on Moiklay that
$72,025 had boon subscribed to Ihe
capital of the Seattle Co-operative
Wholesale, The wholesale is now
doing u rushing business.
Still Retain Their Affiliation With Old Trades
The Amalgamated Carpenters put
a quietus to the story so freely circulated lust week about their withdrawal from thc Vancouver Trades
and Lubor Council, on Tuesdny
night at the regular meeting. A motion was passed instructing the secretary to write to thc International
Council, informing that body,   nnd
bershlg is growing stead- Mr. Farmilo particularly, that in
tho event of the local having any
information to give out, thnt ths
members were capable of giving out
the news themselves without any
aid.- Tho matter of election of a
delogate to fill tho place of J, Q.
Smith ns a delegnto to the old
Trudes mid Labor Council wait left
over to thc regular olection ofieori,
which will tako place ut tho first
meeting in December. Del. Smith
resigned on purely persona) grounds,
nnd not because of thc locale withdrawal, or because of aay coo flic*
witk the councU. PAGE TWO
"45VENTH teas. Na.«    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, _ a
FBIDAT. November 14,,
Arnold & Quigley's
Annual Mid-Winter
Clearance Sale
300 Men's High Grade Suits, Overcoats and
Rubberized Tweed Raincoats in newest styles
and fabrics. Regular values to $45.00. Sale
546 Granville Street
Fineat Split Tern. 8 lb.  S0«
Fine.t Marrowfat PeM,  3 lb. SIM
Fineit Small WUl. Buna, 3 lb»...S0e
Fineit Furl Barter, 2 lb., let —Olio
Orango Fed,  lb.  _——...—. tfi«
Lemon Foel,  lb. « .'- 46c
Citron F«el, lb.   Ale
Sl.ter'a Blind Streaky Baeon, lb..4«e
Sl.ter'a Sliced Streak? Bacon, lb..50c
Slater's Blleei Streaky Baeon, lb..66c
Slater's Blleei Boneless Boll, lb.-46o
Nota-Sead lUlaiu, pkr.
—nana am iwwn—
200 Picnic Hame, rae. OS 1-2. Ik.
Saturday onlr, 001..
per lb  eVtgtS
Value oir ndvies  and
Slater'a Bed Label Tea,
per lb.
hay  tu.
Bla'ter'a Bhc Labal Tn,       CQ-
ptr lb.
Blue Bibbon Tw, BE.
per lb. _.  .**K
Remember tie prie. U going np.
Finest For. Lard, 2 lba. for 75c
Fineet Compound Lard,  2 Ibl. _..«6c
Flnwt Canadian Ckeese; lb. . Wc
Fineat Beef Dripping, lb. 36c
Sardine.,   8   for  —
Tomatoes, tin  .
Klttbe* Sell, 12 Ike.
Van   Camp'a   Fork
iwm wwm
Don't forget tmtttt li going to
bc bigb in price. Speeial, Saturday, 8  Da. ' ' "
Biui, 8
....... see
Finest  Bait Pork. lb. ....81 We
Alberts Cooking -tf. dom 00e
Albort* Fmk Kgp, doien ...70e
Fiowt CloverdftU
Spadi, uik, paly ..—».
TOW! BAfflil      BAflWf
Fineit   Streaky  Baotn,  wholo  or
half tlaba.    Rejolar   62*   lb.,
Sttiii*i—....„; jsip
Yeast  Cakot  ~™ tt
Clark's Tomato Ketchup, bottle....25c
Blrd'i Coitard Powdor, 3 ter, Sie
Pancake Floor, pier. ...-«.-——J8e
Rolled  Oati,   sack   -._.. —..45*
Van Camp'i Tomato Soap, tia..._.lffe
Vinegar,   glass   jar   .„«....„ ..8Ba
Keiller's Marmalade, 4-lb. tini....|1.10
: Who« jfiti Tlitt «tr Atom don't
forget to glra tha Batcher's Counter
Md Window a look orer for jont
Sudaf'a dinner. Kfeiy pleoo of
moat wa aoll ia gomanent inspected
and tbat'a worth a wholo lot to yoa.
3 Big Stores
123   HASTOKM ST. E.....
iso oBAKvnis s«_..
—.Phone Say. S262
 Phon. S07.   860
....Phono Fair. 1683
A. H. Timms
Show and Commercial Printer
Vancouver, B. C.
Clubb & Stewart
Established 30 Tests -
Men's Overcoats and Raincoats—New arrivals
of all the new models in young men's Overcoats,
Rubberized Raincoats, Trench Coats fdr men
and women. v    .
—SEE 0*B—
Sweater Coats for Men and Women—the best
yet. Boys,' Youths' and Children's Clothing
and Furnishings—none better.
We Can Substantiate Our Claim
to Shoe Leadership
When we say we can furnish a just
right Shoe for any member of the family.
From the head of the household down
to the creeping baby, we have reasonably-priced Footwear to meet every
•;   possible need.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
110 Hastings St. East
Ooodwin's flood Shoes
Industrial Conference Is
Ignored by Labor
Down Under
League of Nations Looked
Upon as a League of
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
Whatever other countries may do
in the sending of "Labor" dole-
gates to tho International Labor
Conference at Washington, U. S. A.,
undor tho League of Nations scheme,
this much is eortain—Australian
Labor won't bo there. From ono-end
of AustraHa to tho other, tho appeals by tho Australian Government
to Labor to send delegates havo beon
turned down and repudiated with
scorn. Australian Labor has flatly
refused to have anything to do with
men of tho type of Gompers, or any
othor liko "Labor" membor who
seems to be more obsessed with the
devising of new plans for skinning
tho workers than that of assisting
in their emancipation.
The following are the official reasons given by Australian Labor to
tho Australian Government why it
rofusos to associate itself with the
International Labor Conference, or
send delegates to Washington:
' (1) The so-called League of Nations is not a. league of freo peoples,
but merely an alliance of self-appointed members of capitalistic governments having no real understanding of, or sympathy for the workers of the world, but merely desirous, by taking small concessions to
them, of socuring their peaceable
and continuanco acooptance of a
tnore or less uniform system of wage
slavery and economic subjeotion,
(2) The composition of the proposed Labor Conference is entirely
unsatisfactory and its powers illusory, as tho capitalist governments
taking part there will possess an
overwhelming preponderance of representation and unlimited power to
reject, modify, or ignore its decisions.
(8) The appointments ot the Labor nominees by the governments
concerned, instoad of their eleetion
by the mass votes of the organized
workers, is anti-democratic, and
muat necessarily preclude tho selection of militant working-class rep
resentatives possessing the confidence of their class, and tho inevitable choice of pliable apologists for
those having the power of appointment.
(4) The endorsement of a proposal so objectionable in all its details would have tho effect of rendering the organized Workers morally bound to accept and uphold the
decisions arrived at—a responsibility whieh we cannot undertake.
(6) We are profoundly convinced
that the interests of the working
class can only be guarded by tho
freely-elected representatives of tho
organized workers of every nation,
who, having resolved to tako and
hold tho wealth they produco can
arrango their international affairs
on a basis of real equality and
mutual regard. »■
(6) Though not in the least surprised, wo regret deeply 4hnt tho
Australian Government has lent itself to such a transparent and pernicious plot to hoodwink and deceive the workers of Australia,
whose material interests are, unfortunately, so largely in its hands.
(7) Wc desiro to intimate that no
enticements offered tho workers as a
result of tho proposed "Labor"(T)
Conference will provent them from
obtaining, by the vigorous use of
every moans at their command, that
full mensure of economic justice to
which they are entitled, but have
hitherto been denied.
Thus, by that answer, Australian
Labor makes it plain that it will
not fall into the trap sot by the
leageu of international capitalists
which invites tho sending of delegates to this so-called "Labor"
Conference at Washington, TJ. S. A.
What tho Australian anti-Labor
Government proposed sending was
two members of tho Australian Parliament (anti-Labor members), one
representative of tho employers, and
one representative of tho employers,
and ono representative of thc workors. That, as will be seen, means
that, ns far as Australia wns concerned, Labor would bc outvoted to
threo to ono beforc the delegation
left our shores. DoubtlcsB the sarile
kind of thing applies to other countries. If Labor representatives in
other countries will stand for thnt
kind of thing, Austrnlian Labor will
not, henco itB refusal to attond tho
Washington conferonco.
Picture     Defaming    Union     Men
Causes Walkout—Cartoon le
Boston.—Pressmen employed by
the Chappie Publishing Company,
Ltd., on discovering In a cartoon ln
"Ufe," which Is being printed here
during the New York strike, what
they considered a reflection on organized labor, suspended work and
refused to return until tho objectionable cartoon was taken out, The
cartoon was eliminated, and the
men returned to work.
The drawing depicts a room apparently meant to typify conditions
existing in a city tenement district.
The artist portrays a man beating
his wife orer the head with the leg
of a chair. The woman is shown
lying on the floor; the man has ono
kneo on her body and one hand
clutching her throat. A child about
two years old is shown In bed,
watching the scene. Its face is expressive of horror. Another child,
evidently a little older, is stretched
on the floor, faco downward.
At the door is standing a patrolman In full uniform, lie is talking
with a captain of police, who has
rushed on the scene with drawn revolver, Tho patrolman, with hand
upraised, says: "It's all right, captain; he's got a union card."
Where is your unloa button!
i wi
Jack Harrington Visions
Trials of Workers'
Republic   .
The regular propaganda meeting
of the Socialist Party ot Canada
last Sunday, was addressed by comrade Jack Harrington. A fair-sized
and attentively appreciative audience listened to him speak upon
the subject of "Russia's Revolution."
The chairman, comrade George
Mcintosh, in a few brief and well
chosen remarks, emphasized the
need for working-clasB knowledge
and education, and said an earnest
effort in this direction was being
made in Vancouver and throughout
the country by the S. P. or C, by
a systematic educational programme which Included scientific
study classes and correspondence
courses, particularly on History
and Economics. Working class attention, he said, should be directed
to these subjects.
In his opening remarks comrade
Harrington said that History, particularly from the twelfth to the
eighteenth century, from the time
ot King John at Runnymede to the
Russian revolution, recorded
events which centre ln a series of
unconstitutional acts. Viewed politically, the barons had forced concessions for themselves trom King
John, Cromwell, as representatives
of the progressive forces of his
time had found the opposing power
represented In the person of King
Charles. The French in tbe eighteenth century, In a further stage
of development, had found it necessary to deal similarly with Louis
16th, while the American colonies
had detached themselves from British rule. In our own day, the Russians, in their growing awakening
and strength had removed their
Czar and all the powers he represented.
Tbe events Immediately connected with the Russian revolution,
particularly from 1946, were closely
followed by the speaker. Some of
the workers' representatives who
took prominent part in the historic
events of that year, and who had
been imprisoned or exiled, or who
had then or subsequently escaped,
were now directing the affairs of
Soviot Russia. I*. *,u
Reviewing the immediate events
attending tbe exhaustion of the
Russian workers up to March,' 1917,
when the Kerensky faotloa assumed control; comrade {'Harrington said the subsequent weight
months, up to Novembefi.att that
year, when Lenine, aa representative of the Bolsheviki, with Ills
earnest and accomplished:.«comrades took control, were a oft the
most momentous In the history of
the world and age-long stragi^e for
freedom. rit lo
"Land and Peace" wagnthiMneed
of the peasants and workera and
Kerensky fell before that cnr. The
iBolshevIkl upset the constituent
assembly and overcamei(»ll*.*resist-
ance to the Soviet. "All Power to
the Soviet" became the cry all over
Russia. Soldiers, sailors, workers
Industrially and peasants from the
land came together through common need and common interest.
The opposition of the. ruling-class
of the whole world was levelled
against them as now. . They had
refused to sign th? Infamous peace
of Brest Litovsk, but had been com*
pelled to submit at that time to Its
terms, lt wu now a "scrap of
Finland and Ukranla had received a salutary lesson in ruling-
class ferocity and brutality. Armed
oppression from other countries
was "being applied to Russia now.
A campaign of lies had recently
been promulgated regarding military operations by Koltchak, Deni-
len and Yduenitch against the
forces of the Bolsheviki. The press
had heralded the fall of Kronstadt,
Petrograd and Moscow in glaring
and hopeful headlines. Later news
was to the effect that. Koltchak
would have to evacuate Omsk, his
base of operations, and that Yuden-
itch had been cut off and barely
escaped total destruction with a
remnant ot his forces.
Comrade Harrington said, ln conclusion, that whatever the ultimate
fate of the Bolsheviki, their control
remained after two years as the
flret working-class body in history
to direct the affairs of any country. Despite all opposition they nad
maintained their position.. Many
obstacles tn the way of the emancipation of the world's workers had
been set aside thereby. One wholehearted admiration and support
must be given them, for their fight
meant our flght, and their goal
ours, the emancipation trom slavery of the working-class the world
over. -
No Support Received from
Workers Dissatisfied With
Present Organiaztion—
Favor 0. B. U.
(Special to the Federationist)
Tho Motal Trados Btrike in tho
Los Angolos district has collapsed.
Thc reasons for tho failure of tho
workors in the effort to maintain
conditions aro many. Tho main
onus, however, aro inefficient handling, duo a groat doal to the form
of organization, weakness on tho
part of tho conservative oloment,
nnd lack of support from the International Union headquarters. The
inon havo roturnod to work undor
opon shop conditions. Although tho
strike has boon on for a considerable timo, vory few of the organizations have received any financial assistance from the organizations. The
mon aro being compelled at last to
take the action which finally
brought the striko to an end, in ordor to provent starvation and suffering, tho cost of living boing very
high. Tho Pipefitters and tho Boilermakers lod by Organizer Bowsor
headed the stampede, the yards being opon on the 10th and running
full force. As a result of the failure of the strike, the workors aro
seeking new methods and forms of
organization, and there is a strong
tendency towards the O. B. U.
The Metal Trades Council is practically disrupted on account of the
members of the different unions
voting to return to work in violation
of the programme laid down by that
body. It is understood that similar
action is contemplated by the Taeoma workers.
Seems to Be Some poubt
of the Existencfriof
tf it '•:
The Vancouver ' ProTinc^.'^uotea
tho Edmonton Freo Press aa pnying
the existence of tho 0. B. ffjfe Edmonton, It is only natural^] tho
upholders of tho A. F. of tti*» re-
fuso to seo the O. B. U, $Lonont.
Edmonton, however, is ra the
0, B. U. map. It has a cental]: abor
councU to which aro affiliated all
tho units. A communication from
Carl E. Borg, tho secretary of the
council, dated Nov. 10, asking for
1500 ^plications, 1000 membership
cards, buttons and other supplies,
states that out of tho 68 shop and
yard men at Dun vegan, 66 carry
0. B. Tf, cards; 40 working in tho
0. N. tt. shops are members and a
number from tho 0. T. J*, shops. Tho
president of tho council is W. H.
Dennis ami tho vice id J, Lakemnn.
Will tho Edmonton Freo Press kindly roprint thisf
Oalgary on tho Map
Calgary has a tnomborship which
has almost reached 400. B. B. Johns
spoko at two mass meetings recontly at whioh were about 700 men and
women.   As far as tbo railway ihop-
Bolsbovikl FrogNM
Predictions of tho early military
collapse of tho Bolsheviki Government must bo reconsidered. At the
Potrograd and Omsk fronts thp anti-
Bolsheviks aro meoting with re*
verses. There are reported peaco
negotiations between Trotsky and
the Esthonians, whose independence
soems to be acknowledged. ' Lenine
is making fresh approaches to the
Turkestan tribes, appealing to their
supposed hatred of Britain, which
ho shares.—'Vancouver (Daily Prov-
Capitalists   Receive   the
Renegade With
Open Arms
.Striking cigar makers of Chicago
have launched a co-operative cigar
faotory. Two thousand dollars was
raised among the - union men in a
fow days and a fully equipped factory rented. The cigars will be sold
through tho National Co-oporativo
Wholesale Society.
mon of this city are concorned the
A. F. of L. unions aro broken and
nobody but tho bosses and "straw
bosses'; remain with tho old unionB.
Saskatoon Machinists
. Tho Eogina Daily Leader informs
the general public that tho International Association of Machinists of
Saskatoon, Sask., has gono over to
the O. B. U. and associated with
union in ita action aro the Boilermakers, Helpers and Washout Men,
and other workers in kindred trades.
Two hundred men joined tho first
day. Stoam fitters aro on the vergo
of going 0. B. U.
Garment Workors of Winnipeg
The Garment Workors of Winnipeg, .100 por cent, strong, have for-
sakon the A. F. of L. There aro
now 25 units of the O. B. U. in
Winnipeg.    The barbers invited B.
B. Bussell to address their meoting
last weak. Maybo they will be next.
The Paftiters 0. B. TJ. has 300 members,* the International has 7.
I. L. A. Go MOver Top"
Tho I. X,. A. Local 74(1 of Fort
William went "over the top" solid'
ly for the 0. B. U. Supplies to the
value of $276 were sont for in thoir
first order, -The building trades are
rapidly lining up.
The Luggage Workors' Union of
Kitchener, Ont., has fallen itno Hne
and also tho Textile Workers of
Carlton Placo, Ont. Tho Hamilton
"mombers are assessing themselves in
order to put an organizer in tho
filed. The Boilermakers' Unit of
Fort Bouge, Man., has 127 membors.
The Transcona, Man., Unit has MOO
mombers, Toronto has 1100 mombors.
Big Majorities Given To All Independent Labor Party
Later returns from the Ontario
general elections show that the triumph of the Labor Party has been
a great deal more decisive than
last week's reports showed them
to be. Fourteen of the elected candidates are members of the Independent Labor Party, while three
others are Farmer-I. L. P. and Sol-
dler-I. L. P. Heenan had a major*
ity of 1,800 in Kenora; Mills led
by 1,763 in Fort William; Cunningham, who defeated Premier Hearst
ln Sault Ste, Marie, was 1,295 to
the good. In East Hamilton the
vote was: Halcrow, Labor, 16,012;
Landers, 8,424; Fitzgerald, 3,140. In
Hamilton West, Rollo, Labor, 8,686;
McFarlane, 4,077; Dixon, 1,705.
Johnson, Slmcoe, East, had a lead
of over 700, and Dr. H. A. Stevenson, London, defeated Adam Beck
by 1,901. Greenlaw, In St. Catharines, had 2,000. Swayze, in Niagara Falls; Tooms, In Peterboro
West; Crockett, in Wentworth, all
had good majorities, while Mac-
Bride, In Brantford, and Homuth,
in South Waterloo, had a walkaway from their opponents.
In Timlskamlng, Montgomery Is
only 84 behind, and In Sudbury
Sweezey is only 150 in the rear. In
both these ridings recounts will be
had and protests will be entered.
It Is expected' that because of
wholesale rejection of ballots and
grave irregularities both these
will yet be counted in the Labor
column. In only two cases did
L L P. candidates go as low as
300 or 250.
Labor Under No Delusion
as to Reason of His
[By W. Francis Ahern, special correspondent to the Fedorationist]
William Morris Hughes, Prime
Minister of Australia, who during
the early part of the war renegaded
from the ranks of Labor in that
country and tried to fasten—unsne-
fessfully—on the Australian. poople
the foul schemo of conscription, hoi
returned from abroad. He has been
received with open arms by tho
capitalists, exploiters, monopolists,
and profiteers. He landed in Australia at tho end of August But
by the Labor folk he has been received with deep suspicion. They
at least aro undor no delusion that
he has returned to Australia with
the express intention of still further
binding democracy in that (Jonntry
to the treadmill of Imperialism.
Coincident with his return thore
has been announced in Australia
schemes for the enlarging of the
Australian Navy, the creation of
huge fleets in tho Pacific Ocean, end
an attompt to further conscript the
forces of that country. In other
words, just as he roturned to his
own country and commenced to an.
nounce that. Prussian militarism
was dead for ever, we are confronted with the realization that though
it might bo dead in Germany, it has
mado its unwelcome appearance io
Australia, in common with other Al*
Und countries.
This super mountbahk and shrewd
political contortionist, recognizing
to the utmost that the only chance
of securing power at the forthcoming Australian elections, in order to
put the nefarious practices of Imperialism into operation, iB by trying to mislead" the people, he and
those bohind him are today losing
no' time in trying to achieve this
purpose. Thus it Ib that we find
Hughes shouting long and loudly
that ho intends to deal with tlie profiteer and tho Bolshovik, in tho
hope that ho will again be able to
fool tho people on to thoir own ultimate disaster.
Thus it is that this arrant jingo
comes direct from the very centre
of Imperialism—direct from the
Peace Conference, where almost the
whole of the civilized race has been
further enslaved as a result of.the
war—with the instructions of his
Imperialist masters in the bag ia
order to try and induce the Australian peoplo to bend their necks to
tho Imperial yoke of slavery. This
high priest of conscription, so mem*
orably defeated on two appeals to
the Australian people; this military-
minded worshipper at the altar of
Mars, once again proceeds to rattle
tho cablo with all tho vim of a
kaiser, and to prepare again to let
looso the dogs of war.
Although the Australian people
were told that tho great war waged
to destroy militarism had been won,
although to all intents and purposes
Prussianism is crushed for ever, this
cunning Welsh mountebank has already unearthed a new enemy, another military menace, in the shape
of our present and late glorious ally
—Japan. Realizing that tho reaction against militarism and its evil
work is sweeping through Australia
today, Hughes and the poworful
anti-Labor clique behind him have
detormined that at all coats such a
real triumph of the worker's cause,
of domocracy, must be prevented
from a complete consummation.
Hence the prosont beating of the
war drum. In order to try and flog
tho drooping, wearied > spirit of
militarism in Australia into something like its former glory, a secret
and deadly enemy of Australian domocracy had to be found, and lo—
Japan is unbluBhingly staged as the
understudy of that German menace
which heretofore occupied pride of
placo on tho world's stago.
Whether the now menace really
exists or whether it is a figment of
his imaginative brain is of no importance here. According to him,
militarism must not bo allowed to
perish in Australia; a powerful and
dangerous foreign enemy must bo
created wherewith to stampede the
workers into tho not of Imperialism.
Militarism cannot survive without
Imperialism—henco tho urgent ner
ccssity of Hughes to hasten and
prevent tho threatening demise of
tho military cult in Australian life.
Tho arrival of Hughes in Australia, thou, has a sinister significance regarding the future fate of
that country that can only be defeated by the workors remembering
tho past and refusing to be again
trapped by this arch-betrayer of democracy. Suroly thc workers havo
not forgotten the political and industrial history of the past five
years nor the ignoble and treacherous part played by Hughos and
his fellow-plotters. Ono such lesson should bc enough for any intelligent community—at loast it
should be sufficient to make tho
workors nevor forget the past,
At the present time a most extraordinary propaganda campaign is
boing carried on throughout Australia by Hughes and thoso bohind him
in the Imperialistic plot. Hate and
lies aro preached daily—this was
over the stock-in-trado of those opposed to tho workors. With unblushing audacity Hughos is trying
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ho is democracy itself, oblivious of
the fact that they still remember
that it was he who triod to onslavc
thom into conscription—quito oblivious that it was his government who
aent so many of the working class
into the gaols during the war, and
deported others out of the country
simply becauso they woro opposed
to his governmont, Whether the
peoplo will bo fooled by him after
what is past remains to be soon. In
thc meantime ho has set to work to
try and convince tho vtorkcrs that
he is the essence of democracy, that
ho will deal with tho profiteers wbo
are already at tbo people's throats,
—a hort ci Special Bargains at the
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felts Plnsh Ooats
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Tho Bargain of tho Season in Coats
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and that he alono can make life
worth living in Australia. To what
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ihe workers with his trickery re*
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Since he haB returned to Austra*
lia Hughes has allied himself primarily* to the returnod soldiers, soaking them all kinds of lavish promises as to what he will do if ho is
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which are set down to take place at
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a numbor of the soldiers and their
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Roth and Dourasoff Are
Charged With
Deportation Cases Cause
Police Methods to Be
In the polico court on Tuesday,
Novembor 4, beforo Magistrate
Shaw, Alexander Dourasoff and Barney Both were charged with having
committed perjury in giving evidence against George Chchoff and
Boris Zukoff during the recent secret proceedings of thc Immigration
Board of Enquiry — "unlawfully,
falsely, knowingly, wilfully, corruptly and maliciously, with intent to
mislead the said Board of Enquiry."
Tho information was laid by a returned soldier on October 17."
It appears that Dourasoff and
Both, a couplo of secret servico men,
bad accused thc men in question of
being members of "an organization
teaching disbelief in, and opposition
to, organized government," to wit,
tho Bussian Workors' Union; and
that, in substantiation of thc charge,
they alleged various activities on
the part of their victims, such as
possessing and distributing revolutionary literature, taking part in
discussions of Bolshevism, and so
forth, in thcir presence, at specified
places, during several months of the
present year.
After the necessary preliminaries,
Geo. Ohckoff was sworn; and the
prosecuting counsel, 1.1. Rubinowitz,
commenced to examine him in order
to show that the charges made
against him by Dourasoff and Both
at tho Board of Enquiry wero false.
B. L. Beid, K.C, for the defenso, almost immediately commenced to obstruct the prosecution by objecting
to the questions put to tho witness
by Mr. Rubinowitz, who warmly
protestod against such tactics being
used to suppress tho true facts of
the cuse. The remainder of tho first
hearing was thus used up in an effort
on the one side, to get evidence before the court, and, on the other side,
to prevent it,  '
The hearing was resumed on Wednesday afternoon, whon Chekoff was
again placed upon the witness stand.
A man of decent appearance, quiet
in manner, and apparently possessed
of good intelligence, ho very evidently labored under the disadvantage
of being only partially conversant
with English; nevertheless ho gave
an impression of trustfulness in his
quiet and unequivocal denials of the
various allegations made against
Mm, at the Immigration Enquiry, by
Dourasoff and Both. Ho had never
run a gambling joint, or sold liquor,
as alleged by Dourasoff; nor had he
hud anything whatever to -do with
thc place specified, beyond going
there a few times for his meals, tho
place being a restaurant.
As to distributing newspapers and
taking part in discussions at Buta-
eff's pool room on Hastings street,
ho had never even been in tho place;
in consequence of previous business
transactions, he was not on speaking
terms with Butaeff at the time.
Moreover, he could not read Russian
newspapers or in fact, anything else,
and, as he hardly spoke. Bussian at
all, he eould not have taken pnrt in
any such discussion as described by
Dourasoff. Ho was an Asitanian.
Further, ho was sick with the "flu,"
etc., during tho months in question,
and therefore not in a physical condition to distribute newspapers or
anything of thc kind.
The witness •denied ever having
taken part in a meeting, at Dcakoff 's
house, of a seditious nature, or that
there ever was such a meeting. He
saw (Dourasoff once, whon tho latter
called on Deakoff's two daughters,
but ho did not speak to him. He
saw Dourasoff again in witness's
pool room, at tho Balmoral Hotel;
it was in the afternoon, when Dourasoff eame in and took a chair,
Dourasoff said there was not much
business doing, and witness said,
During tho examination, counsel
for the defense continued his obstructive tactics, starting in by ob.
jocling to a quostion by Mr. Rubinowitz as to tho witness's physical
condition at tho time of his alleged
revolutionary activities. He again
objected to witness being asked to
stato the extent of his acquaintance
with Dourasoff, which it appeared
was practically nil. Magistrate Shaw
objected that an occasion mentioned
by witness might not bo the same
as referred to by Dourasoff. Mr,
Rubinowitz, in turn, complained of
tho "elusive" character of Dourasoff as one of thoso witnesses who
kept on saying, "I can't givo
dates." And so tho fight went on.
Later, Mr. Rubinowitz said to
Chekoff, "Now, Barney Roth claims
that he knew you well—this gentle
man here. What do you say about
that?" Mr. Roid again interrupted,
and there was another squabble, the
object apparently being to prevent
it coming out that Both did not
know witness at all until the latter
was arrested. During tho hubbub,
Mr. Rubinowitz was heard to remark, "I seo, wc are not going to
have too much truth, Mr. Beid, if
you can prevent it." The magistrate
impatiently demanded to know if he
had "got to sit hero for weeks over
this thing."
Again, Mr. Rubinowitz wished to
show why it was very improbable
thut witness would have frequented
a certain pool room aftallogod by
Roth, He submitted it was for the
magistrate to weigh the probability.
Magistrate Shaw retorted, "I can't
weigh it. There are no scales."
Eventually Mr. Rubinowitz had to
let it go.
Similarly, it was desired to put a
question to show the improbability
of the witness being a revolutionary,
on account of his previoui relations.
Magistrate Shaw said, "Tou might
as well put in evidence, in a murder
trial, to show that a man had never
committed a  murder   before,   and
therefore never committed this one.''
Mr, Beid tried to discount the
witness's assertion that he was not
familiar with the Russian language,
suggesting that he had talked in
Russian with 1t\r. Dcakoff, in whoso
house he laved. The witness replied
that, ho only talkod to her by means
of the girls, who spoke English. Mr.
Reid insisted, "Never mind the
girls. Didn't you talk Russianf"
The witness answered, "I talk Russian just a little bit.'' Another tilt
occurred just afterwards when Mr.
Rubinowitz, repeating an answer,
Baid, "That's what ho said, Mr:
Beid, and you didn't catch it." Mr.
Reid sharply retorted, "I'd rather
catch it from him than from you,"
The defending counsel continued
to cross-examine Chekoff, at considerable length, as to the doings of
himself and his partner, Zukoff, during several months, but was unable
to trip him up in any particular.
Ono question was, "Did you ever
see Roth in the. pool room of the
Balmoral Hotelf" ("No, sir.")
Not in 1918, with the military polico, looking after deserters!"
(' * No.'' j Tho witness had porvious-
ly started to tell of hiB first' meeting with Both, when the latter camo
to tho Immigration building where
he was detained, callod him outside,
and asked him if he was a Russian.
It waB at this point that the narrative was abruptly chopped off by
Magistrate Shaw, asking what that
had to do with the matter, Anothor
question was whether ho knew Kelt's
pool room; ho said ho did not. Did
ho know Keltf Ho replied that he
saw him in the Immigration offico.
Throughout, Chekoff appeared to be
honestly trying to understand each
question as it was put; and, in his
imperfect English, ho answered
simply and directly. At the closo of
his examination he was rontoved in
custody, both ho and Zukoff being
held for deportation by sentence of
the Immigration Board.
•Dan Czccowitz, a Serbian working
in a Texada Island camp, was the
next witness. Replying to Mr. Rubinowitz, ho said he had not given
ovidence beforo the Board of Enquiry. "What is your nationality!"
was the following question, and Mr.
Beid immediately objected. He Mid
been Butaeff's partner at tho pool
Toom above mentionod. "Did Chekoff and Zukoff ever como to thc
pool room whilo you wore there!*'
he was asked. His reply was, "I
never see the two follows coming
round there." As to newspapers boing distributed or meetings being
advertised there, he said, "I nover
see that." Mr. Rubinowitz askod,
"In April pr May, if Dourasoff says
ho had conversations with you, is
that true or falso!" Mr. Reid aguin
objected, but the witness said, "I
was thero overy day; I never seo
Mr. Beid then cross-examined, as
to where witness first saw Dourasoff.
Witness said it was in court on thc
proceeding day. Counsel suggested
he had seen him at the Immigration Building; witness insisted, "I
never soe him."
Then he conceded, "Maybe, I see
him, I didn't know him." Mr, Beid
thon suggested, "Then maybe you
see him in the pool room nnd not
know him;" but tho man reiterated,
"I nevor see him before, I'm sure."
He was then asked, "Did you evor
see Mr. Both in tho pool room!"
and he answered '' No.''
Mr. Beid then suggested that wit*
ness had "talkod this over" at the
Immigration building, which was denied. At Mr. Rubinowitz's suggestion, he produced a telegram calling
him in from camp at the ond of October. He had not previously known
he would be called to givo ovidence.
'When you went to the Immigration office," asked Mr. Bubinowitz,
"what was it for!" Mr, Roid once
more objected, and Mr. Rubinowitz
intimated that tho man would go
"back to'camp."
Chas. Hammond was next called
and stated that ho ran tho harbor's
shop at Butaeff's pool room "since
the first of the year." Ho was asked, "Did you ever see Chekoff and
Zukoff in the pool room!" Ho at
once asked, "Who is Chekoff and
Zukoff!'' evidently being entirely
unacquainted with them. Had ho
over soon any newspapers distributed or meetings advertised thero!
"Not at all." Ever seen Barney
Roth there! "No." Had ho a full
view of what went on at tho pool
room, which was right in the heart
of the city and in full view of everybody who came along.
Mr. Reid suggested that, with
large numbers of men in tbo placo,
the witness could rot see whether
they passed a paper from hand to
hand or not. Mr. Rubinowitz countered with the suggestion that if
Chekoff and Zukoff were thore for
half an hour distributing papers,
witness would seo it. Mr. Reid, although he had objected to a similar
question ju a previous instance, now
nsked, "By tho way, what nationality are you!" The witness replied,
"I'm a Syrian."
A witness, with a name liko
"Sims," said ho worked at Butaeff 's pool room till about the middle of March. Ho did not remember
ever sooing Chekoff or Zukoff there,
nor hnd he ever Been Russian nowspapers distributed or meetings ad-
scrtiscd there. Did ho know Both!
"No." If a man came In there and
passed thc timo of day, he naturally
would remember him.
The concluding witness for tho
afternoon was Boris Zukoff, also boing held for deportation. He testified by meanB of an interpreter, Mr.
Rubinowitz asked if he ever went
under the name of Zuroff, and he
said "No", although he was arrested under that namo in July. Mr.
Roid interrupted, "■ What's that got
to do with it?" and Mr. Rubinowitz
pointed out that Dourasoff said ho
knew witness vory wcjl, and yet he
had him arrested under a wrong
name, not even.knowing tho correct
Witness was asked if he used to
go to Butaeff's pool room to give
out papers and he said he was nover
thero. He was further asked if he
was on speaking terms with Butaeff, but Mr. Reid objected onco
more. Mr. Rubinowitz explained, "I
want to establish why he wouldn't
go there;" but tho magistrate ruled
"It doesn't prove anything." Askod if he could read in Russian or
afcy other language, he said "No."
As to writing, he said, "I sign my
namo, and that's very bad." He
had not received newspapers from
Seattle as alleged, nor had ho evor
givon Russian newspapers to anybody. As to being at Kelt's pool
room, he replied simply, "I don't
know whero Kelt's pool room is at'
e Source of Poverty,
Crime and Sin
T7JT ! i
[By Nemesis]
Tho poet looked upon tbe earth
and rejoiced, for tho sheon upon
tKd waters, the splendors of the ever
changing sky, tho myriad glowing
tints on leaf and flower, the twilight shadows deepening into night
with its majestic Host of twinkling
fires were to his wondering earth-
bound mind revelations of tho unseen law of tho eternal wisdom and
the eternal lovo.
Then, with the poet's penetrating
gaze, he lokcd upon humanity and
wept; - for he saw the dark stain
across the glorious vision of creation, the stain of man, and that
stain in his word picture stands out
in terrible clearness; "And only
man is vlle.'V
This verdict of tho poet is original .only in its setting for through
aU the records of man wo find the
samo idea expressed.
The perfection of tho physical
world, and, tho sins and follies of
mankind have furnished themes from
timo immemorial for poets, preachers and philosophers of all grades;
indeed that perfection and thut corruption havo boen tho inspirations
which havo produced tluSir unfertile
outpourings and barren exhortations.
When wo look at tho long rows
of volumes in our libraries, filled
with the convincing logic of the philosopher, tho inspired truths of tho
poet in their golden settings, and tho
multitudinous array of physical facts
of the meu of science with their revelations of a universe of law and
turn and contffinplute the condition
of tho struggling mass of humanity
as it is today, we are filled with a
feeling bordering on  despair.
For had tho social conditions been
what they should havo bcen on this
physical paradise of a world the
Btate of mental development of tho
writers of those volumes should, in
this twentieth century, bo the rule
instead of tho exception and win and
crimo should be occurring at rarer
and rarer intervals, tragic reminders
morely of a dark and dismal past.
Of course tho prosent deplorable
stato of humanity is an effect and
tho attempts to explain tho cause
embodied in myth ahd fable are melancholy reading, for they have directed man's mental vision from tho
tfuc cause and kept all his.offorts
at ■ redemption frothing in blind alleyways and at barren labors.
ijjWhon we* critically examine the
crimes of mankind, to provent which
ntony*1 barbarous mundane punish-
SMnmts have bcen devised and more
barbarous heavenly ones imagined,
we -find that one and all of them
hkve'their sourco in thc torriblo so-
«4*li system which has arisn like a
(kalrid growth out of tho ignorance
of the past, and not from any in-
h*rdnt or mystical preversity In the
nature of mnn himself.
TIP is noticeable thnt tho common
wlnles tfre quito'rare among the owning 'classes of tho earth because they
lack tho incentive for their committal, possessing as they do a plethora
of tho necessities of life; their
crimes, beside which thoso common
ones are mere bagatelles, arise directly from thnt plethora and tho insanity of greed which it has inevitably bred into them.
So that it is quito reasonable to
assumo that if thc human raco were
all." Ever ran a gambling joint!
"No." Sold liquorl "No." Had
Dourasoff or Roth ever seen him operate a placo on Hastings Street as
a gambling joint! "No." Had he
ever told Dourasoff or Roth that he
did such things, as they alleged! Ho
asked, "Why should I!" He had
seen Dourasoff "two times at Deakoff's house and one time in a pool
room, but had never had conversed
with him. At the house, witnoss was
having his dinner and iDourasoff
was "seeing the girls."
"Dcakoff haB two grown up
daughters, ono a widow!" continued Mr. Rubinowitz; but tho magistrate abruptly choked him off.
"Dourasoff says ho had several conversations with you in Doakoff's
house; used to meet you and Chok-
bff nt Deakoff's house pretty often
—day-time, dinner-time, evening-
time—and had such disconrscs with
you." Witness replied that ho nover
had any conversation with Dourasoff at all. "Ho says you told him
you wero a momber of tho Bussian
Workers' Union, and in favor of
Bolshevism, otc." Witness replied
that he never told him that at all.
"He says ho knew you as Zuroff."
Witness suid simply that ho always
gave hiB name as Zukoff. "He says
on the 29th April he and you were
at Deukoff's house; you had news*
papers from Seattlo and wcro read
ing 'The Voico of Labor'." Wit
ness insisted that ho "nevor hnd
such kind of papers at all." He had
known Chekoff a long time; Chekoff
could not read cither. Had ho ever
heard Chekoff say it would soon be
through with the Canadian court-
ibpnse! "Nover at all." Dourusoff
btd said thoy had lots of discus-
items! "Never hear any," was thc
reply; ho had never discussed thc
matter at all. "Did you over say
the government in Canada waB only
,tyk capitalists, while in Russia tlio
.Bolshoviki hud the factories, etc!
Tho witness replied, "No." "When
you wero arrested, woro any Russian newspapers found on you or
CliekofH" Mr. Reid here interposed
that there wus no allegation to thut
effect; Mr. Rubinowitz retorted that,
if no such papers wcro found tho
accusation of being a kind of
"walking magazine" was absurd.
lth further asked if witness had
ever seen or heard discussion of Bolshevism, etc., in Deakoff's houso,
where ho lived; tho witness Baid
Mr. Roid objected to further ex
amination along theae linos, saying
thnt it hnd "all been gone over be
fore." He tried to get witness'.
admission that, just prior to his nr
rest, he was at Die alleged gambling
house on Hastings Rtroct, all the
evening, playing cards. This tho witness denied. Ho was then removed
in custody, nnd an udjourument was
proposed. Magistrate Shaw usko..
how many more witnesses thero were
and Mr. Rubinowitz replied, "A
lurgo numbor, your worship," Thi
case was then adjourned till
Tueaday, tho llth, but owing to this
day being a holiday, it has again
been adjourned to Monday tho 17th,
'assured as a wholo of a sufficiency
of the necessities of life and a sufficiency of time in which to exercise
thoir faculty of reason, and none had
more than a sufficiency of either,
crime of all sorts would dwindle to
a minimum if it did not entirely
I think this assumption is incontrovertible for jf one section of the
human race is practically immune
from certain crimes because of ils
immunity from want nnd tho fear of
want, then it cannot bo denied that
if tho wholo raco wore so immune
crimo would disappear ulso,
Crimo has a natural reaction in
the great mentality of man, just ub
love and the other virtues have,
which truth we find embodied ia
such expressions as "Love begets
love," Hate begets hate" and the
liko, and tho sum total of crime to-
uay, stupendous and revolting as it
is, and daily growing in increasing
ratio as it is, together with its twin
sister, disease, can bo traced directly
to thc one great fundamental crime,
tho purloining of tho earth's surface by a few and begetting the Bystem which has set class against class
in irreconcilable antagonism so that
wo find today in overy land those
opposing forceB preparing for thc
arinagcddon winch threatens in thc
near futuro to pull down our pseudo-
civilization into irretrievable ruin
and desolation.
It is not nocossary to puzzlo and
flounder over such mystical imugin-
ings as that of Original sin, when
we havo before our eyes in our system of privato earth-ownership and
of profits, whieh involvo individual
and racial competition of the most
degrading typo, a sufficient explanation for all the crime, disease and
misery from which humanity suffers.
Instead of the theory of original
sin to account for our moral deficiencies, wc should substitute one of
original goodness and thon procood
to show how that inherent nnd Godlike quality had been handicapped
and half strangled by. the malevolent forces arising out of tho struggle for tho material 'necessities—
which struggle in tho early history
of tho race, was practically unfelt
but which undor tha, system of the
private ownership of the sourcos of
all life-sustenance has developed info the present almost unbearable
strain which is rapidly approaching
thc breaking point.
When, through thc annals of our
race, wo look back und contemplate,
as far as our feeble imagination will
pormit, tho poverty and misery and
crimo of the ages, wc are overwhelmed with astonishment that no concerted effort of mankind has ever
been attempted to discover the
cause of thiB terrible effect and institute a romedy.
Generation after generation) race
after raee; civilization aftor 'civilization of the sons of mon havo risen
and suffered and disappeared into
etertinity and wo can only ejaculate "Kismet," for through thoso
long ages of strife and misery thnt
has been their philosophy and their
But our amazement evaporates
when wo consider that through those
agos man's mentality hns bcen obscured by the mists of incomprehensibilities which have been dinned
unceasingly into his cars till he has
como to regard himself as a moral
monstrosity ond his miseries as a
natural and inevitable inheritance,
and so—"Kismet."
Yet, surely it is about time that
humanity arose in its might and in
a voico of thunder proclaimed to
earth and heaven "Lo! My eyes
havo been opened. , Tho whole of
creation was an act of love and my
reason and self-consciousness are
proofs of that love. I wns not born
in sin and I will no longer accopt
sorrow ns mjr portion for I waB born
in lovo and righteousness nnd in lovo
nud righteousness will I fulfil my
destiny. I will arise and tako unto
myself my rightful inheritance
which is tho earth and tho treasures
thereof and I will free my mentality
from the dark miusmal mists of degrading mysticism and my physical
being from chains which have been
hung upon it and becomo man and
fulfil toy Maker's purpose."
When in the infant mind of the
ferocious man-animal tho lust for
cath ownership first sprang, and by
the might of his superior muscular
development and hiB more pronounced selfish savagery and with his club
as title-deed, he established his claim
to a portion of mother-earth; then
truly was tho real mimystical "original sin'' established and tbe foundation laid fnr our giguntic and degrading social system, thc breeder of
povory, crime and sin and the ono
grent curse upon humanity,
But tho long night is sorely drawing to lho dawn and the new day
is already, faintly yet unmistakeably flushiig the horizon.
Today the workers of the world
gaze across the oceans and continents in full sympathy with their
brother toilers in their struggles for
liberty nnd light and life.
Tomorrow thoy will net in Bympathy and that shall bo the nign of
the full dawn of the great day of
thoir emancipation.
The California State Federal ion of
Labor, convened at Rakersfleld, Cal.,
has unanimously passed a resolution
opposing tbo dcpqrtulion of Hindu
workers for India's independence.
There are six of these Hindus held
by tho department of Labor, at tho
instigation of tho British government. If they arc deported, they
will face execution at the hnnds of
thc British ,or transportation for life
to the marshy Andaman Islamic, in
tho Bay of Bengal.
Washington—Twelve railroad brotherhood bends met with Attorney-
General Palmer Friday, and strongly
protested tho issuance of an Injunction against the conl strike, and told
him thnt it might be impossible to
hold the railroad men from striking
if tke government persist in tho in
Oor Stock of Wooileni Amply Provide      i
Against the
OURS is the BEST and FINEST selection, in the
city-—bar none. We say this and mean it, throwing down the "defi" to any and all. Another
thing that~you workers will appreciate:—We
arc HEAL TAILOR MEN with years of PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE behind us, and another thing
let us tell you—
working   oor-
selves, we work
to save all we
can.   Our pro-.
fits arc our savings. There is NO PROFITEERING here. We
charge you just what enables us to pay our way
along, pay proper union wages and live decent,
same as you wish to do yourselves.
$40 UP
As principal assistant toleadingdentists
ir>- both United States and Canada, before
establishing my own practice, I had earned
the reputation of being extremely careful m all my
professional work, whether at the chair or at the
laboratory. Experience has deepened my conviction
that too much care and sincerity can not be given to
any branch of dentistry, and that hasty and haphazard
methods can never gain the confidence or esteem whieh
a conscientious dentist desires above all else. I prize
my reputation as "The Careful Dentist."
Defense Dance
Don't forget tho Trade* and
Labor Couneil whist drivo nnd
dnnco on Wednesday, December 3,
in tho Dominion Hal). This dnnee
is boing orgnnized to raise funds for
the defenso of the men arrested in
Winnipeg. Admission, gentf 50c, In
die* 25u,
The Prairie Bachelor's Lament
Up, up from the prairie, joyed to bc
free, '
Fur over the mountains, down to thc
They winged it, tho pert ones, dreamless of mc.
The farm may breed them, thc villago delay,
But nevor at home will pretty ones
Ho! for tho eity whore gallants dro
O to bo young and a woman to boot.
Who would not follow thomt  Prick
tho galoot.
Tis batching for him with breaks
on a toot.
Comfort from preachers who bnek
to tho farm
Would shepherd ns all; the nation's
Is dust in thc scale "gainst Annabel's charm.
And preach to him profits and bix on
the run;
Tho cream for the city—the son-of*
Tbe skim mUk for him and egg culls
or none.
Yea, preach non-producers, more pep
to your drone;
Let gather the honey who will, alono,
I   chuck   it   and   cityward    hike,
och onc.
W. 8.
Philadelphia—Striking bricklayers
have compromised their wago demand, and will now receive $1.10 on
hour.   Thc uirion shop is recognized.
tn a Robinson Raincoat
and preserve your health
Wt ire showing the largest assortment of raincoats tvar
secured by any one merchant. We haw them in all tires
aad colors, combined with every style for you to choote from.
$18 and $25
Time's double vtlue In every one-style thst can't be
duplicated; wear that can't be surpassed.
Double breasted, single breasted Ulttcrites In fancy twttd
Suede coats in tan and olive  shades.   For the ladies—
Leatherite and Ace models.
here * a Vera'kt "
Jfcbinsoiis PAGE FOUR
eleventh year.  Vo.tA.    THE BRITISH (JUJLCIWB1A FKUEKAITOmST     vancouveb, to.
FBIDAY .NoVcmber 14, 1919
EuWi-tbed overy Friday morning by Th. B. C.
Federationist, Limited
*_-S.  WELL8...
OMoc:    Labor   Temple,   405   Dunsmuir   Stroet.
Telephono Seymour 5871
Snbecribtion BatoB: United Statos and Foreign,
82.50 per year; Canada, $2.00 por yoar; to
Vnioos subscribing in a body, $1.50 por
member per year.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of tbo World
...November 14, 1919
THK TBIAL of thc men arrested during the Winnipeg general strike
ihould be ot' more than passing interest
to the workers of this country. It is his*
ttrical. It is the first step of the iron heel
of capitalism in Canada,
THEIR FATE Whether the results will
IN WOBKEBS' be as desired by the rul-
HANDS. ing class or not, still re
mains to bc seen. Thc
first round was won by labor when a
•jury trial was forced. The original intention of the government being to have
the men tried under the infamous amendments to the Immigration Act, passed at
the behest of the financial magnates of
the eountry, and which were rushed
through both houses without debate, and
which again shows that thc Liberal leaders were a party to them. Labor, however, protested, and in spite of the threats
of the crown counsel, who stated that the
arrested men would be on the high seas
in 48 hours, a trial by jury was secured.
This, however, is not the end. The trial
is not of men, but of the things they stand
for. Por the past twenty-five years the
same things that these men said have been
said in this and every other part of the
British Empire. Not a word of protestation against it during all lhat time. But
labor is getting stronger, and is far better educated now than ever, and to the
ruling class this spells danger, Hence the
arrest of the men in Winnipeg. In spite
of the ravings of men who are not conversant with the Socialist philosophy, the
men who have a knowledge of capitalism,
and the present and past forms of society,
arc incapable of tht imbecility of attending to start a revolution in this country.
They understand too well that capital is
international, and that thc United States
is at thc front door, and would crush out
any premature attempt to bring about a
change in society in this country. They
also realize that rebellions are always
erushed, and that revolutions are brought
about by conditions, and not men or
groups of men.
* * *
The ruling elass, however, sees a revolution in the most peaceful Labor demonstrations. They have "revolutions"-of
the brain, but do not understand that'the)*
are mentally incapable of understanding
social phenomena, and consequently do
not realize that their actions, instead of
stopping the spread of working class
knowledge, only tend to spread amongst
the workers an understanding of thc nature of capitalism, and the functions of
the modern state. But thc safety of the
ruling elass itself depends on the knowledge of the workers. Given a working
class, without understanding, and conditions that make for revolution, the ruling
elass would meet the fate that they so
mueh fear. With a working class educated to a knowledge of the present system, and who arc not anarchists like their
masters, beeause they realize that individuals arc the product of their environment, and the system under which they
live, the methods of the ruling class will
not be emulated. The removal of individuals will achieve nothing, but the system which is the cause of the evils of
society, is all that is necessary to bc removed in order to bring about those
changes which arc necessary to bring happiness to all people, even to the ruling
class. This, however, is none of our
business, but we arc interested in thc appeal that is now being made for financial
assistance for the defence of the men arrested, because they know too much to
start revolutions or even rebellions. Their
fate is in thc hands of thc workers of the
country. Only by financial and other
necessary support csn they be rescued
from Umi wrath of a mad and anarchistic
ruling class, which adopts the methods
that its members fear nnd so much condemn,
IT IS VKRV evident from .the letter
which appears in thc correspondence
column, and written by Geo. P. Stilling,
that we have not convinced at least one
reador that the workers to not pay taxes.
We can hardly be blamed
DOES HE lor this, but would bc
OB DOES open to censure if wc did
HE NOT? not try and convince even
onc render that taxes and
workers do not go together; in other
words, that so long as the workers continue to think that they arc paying taxes,
and by so doing nre being robbed, they
will not realize that the only place, they
arc robbed is at thc point of production,
and that labor power is a commodity.
Strange as it may appear, while our correspondent does not see the points wc
made, and he has placed interpretations
on them lhat wc never intended should bc
placed upon thom, he stated "that labor
power is a commodity." Tliis is our contention, and wc claim, lhat this being so,
the workers hnve nothing to pay taxes
*        *        *
It must bc apparent to thc student of
economies that tho workers produce all
exchange values. But all exchange values
when produced belong to thc capitalist
clnss, that class whioh owns the means
of wealth produetion. The worker has
nothing hut his labor power, and he is
compelled to sell that on the market to
this class in order to live. If a man buys
a thing, it it his; he owns it becauss ht
purchased it. When the worker has sold
his labor power, who does it belong to,
the worker who has sold it, or thc employer who has bought it? It is the property of the employer as soon as thc worker steps on tho job to deliver it. It is thc
property of the capitalist class when it is
producing wealth, consequently all
wealth produced belongs to the owning
class by virtue of thc fact that its prop
erty, in the. shape of labor power, pro
duces everything. The moment the worker steps off the job he leaves behind him
for ever the wealth he has produced. The
ruling class owns thc lot. The worker at
this point possesses nothing, the master
class everything. Now if that is correct,
who is in a position to pay, thc worker
who has nothing, or thc employing class
who owns everything? The master class
gives the workers the wages, which are
food, clothing and shelter, according to
the standard of living required and customary in the oountry in which he works.
And, if necessary, something for the tax
collector. We have already pointed out
that if boozo is considered unnecessary
that it will be taken away from them, as
hns been done in this country, and that a
move is now on foot to take the tobacco
away in thc same manner.
Our correspondent, however, cither
wilfully or through lack of understanding, misconstrues our statements on this
question of wages. Let it bc distinctly
understood that the wealth produced by
the workers belongs to the master elass,
and it will only bc disposed of in
the manner in . whioh that class
desires. If the members of that class
think that a part of it shall bc given to
the administration of their state, in the
shape of taxes on necessities that the
workers must have in order to produce
more labor power, that is the way it will
go, but this is none of the workers' business. It is necessary that the ruling class
should administer its own business. The
State is the medium for so doing, and
must be paM for. Then if it must be paid
for, and if the'ruling class psys for it
by taxing commodities that the workers
must have in order to reproduce their
labor power, and this is the method adopted to pay for the administration of the
state, how can it be said that the workers
pay them. It is nonsense to think that
commodities can pay anything. Our correspondent's arguments are in most cases
built on straw; not in any case on the
arguments that we have advanced, but
on his interpretations of them.
His references to strikes are' futile. They'
show that he has not yet grasped the fact
that wages have an ever downward tendency, -which must necessitate a lower
standard of living, and the workora are
compelled to strike in most cases, not for
higher wages, but against a lowering of
the' standard of living duo to increased
prices of commodities. The world today
is full of strikes, but not for higher
wages, but so that they may be brought
to the standard of five years ago. The
strjkes for better camp conditions arc due
to the fact that the workers not having
booze in this country to drown their mis-
cries in, attempt to make their miserable
lots better by securing decent habitations
and beds to sleep on. This is the price
that the ruling class must pay for taking
away the workers' booze, but they are being recompensed by the increased efficiency of the worker. It must bc remembered that when men were sleeping without proper beds, and housed like cattle in
the lumber camps, that this was not according to the custom or thc standard of
living in the country, and the camp worker is now only getting somewhere near
the standard of living that is not only the
custom, but necessary for the production
of more efficient and consequently cheaper slaves. No man would oven suggest
that because it eventually rebounds to
thc benefit of the ruling class that the
workers should not secure thc standard
of living that is necessary to make them
efficient workers. To do so would be
idiotic. By organized effort the workers
are able to take advantage of the market.
They are able to secure the value of the
commodity that they have to sell, labor
power. But never at any time can thc
working clnss, as a class, receive moro
than that. To individualize when dealing with a class position shows that thc
class position is not realized. The workers must, and will resist the further encroachments of capitalism. They will
strike. They will do all kinds of foolish
things, but eventually tbey will realize
that they must stop the robbery of the
class to wliich they belong, at the point
of production. To deal with all the points
raised by our correspondent in his letter
in one issue is impossible, but we think
that this will aid him and others to see
that the workers never can pay taxes if
they have nothing to pay them with.
Taxes are things that the master class
pays in order to run its affairs, the workers sell thcir labor power, and receive in
exchange ' for that commodity wages,
which is the cost or reproduction of the
same type of labor that he first srild. No
more and no less on the average, but
possibly in some cases below, but seldom,
very seldom at that, above that value.
Mr. Stirling answers his own question
when he says labor power is a commodity.
He does not know that it is; he only "believes it is," or he would realize that
taxes should not worry him.
all in sympathy with what he had tp*say
We arc not at,all surprised that a Vancouver working class audience wa|; not
impressed by the piffle that this fishy [individual managed to rid himself of on that
occasion. On a previous occasion we
pointed out that the workers were not at
all concerned in frying their masters'
Fish, but were concerned in frying tlieir
own. Now it would appear, judging from
all thc circumstances, that there is a whole
lot. to be done in the country to the south
of us, before Bolshevism or radicalism is
stamped out in that country, and Mr. Pish
being no doubt very patriotic, should first
of all attend to the needs of "his own"
country first. There is not the slightest
doubt that the workers of this neck of the
woods can well take care of themselves,
without any gratuitous advice from any
"foreign agitator" from south of the line
iu fact, the workers here are very suspioi
ous of real, or presumably real, Labor
men that come from the United States,
That they are more than suspicious of
Fish of the Anderson variety, whatever
that variety is, is more than certain.
Charity should begin at home, and there
is a much wider sphere for the activities
of Mr. Fish in the United States than
there can possibly be in Canada. Might
wc suggest that all the unconstitutional
ists aro not by any means confined to thc
working class of the States, and Mr. Pish
might try his hand on reforming that type
amongst the members of tho ruling class
of the Land of thc Free and the Home of
the Slave to tho south of the border.
Docs thc teacher receive lower wages
than the man firing a donkey engine?
This is a question asked by a correspondent. -We would suggest that the average
fireman is worse off at the end of three
years than is a teacher. Even though his
pay may be more per day when he is
working than is tbe pay of the teacher,
the teacher has a steady job, and many
times competes with the fireman during
his vacation. Wc know for a fact that
they secure jobs in departmental stores
and sueh occupations during the summer
months when they are on their holidays.
Very few teachers receive as low as i"
per month, and they are now organizing
in order that they may secure the value
of their labor power. Usually the fire*
men are organized. Yet in spite of this
fact, diie-to the unemployment that they
suffer from, tlieir wages over a period are
not materially, if any, higher than ft
teacher's. ■-• i'
Little docs the average woman, when
she is using her needle and cotton, think
of the amount of labor necessaryjfcfrre
the cotton that she pays a few cents, per
reel for can be produced. In its manufacture many thousands, nay millions of
workers have been exploited. She .Ijiotild
hardly think that one firm could possible
make $20,000,000 in a single year from; tjie
people thof employ, yet this is thc'ease,
as the following press item, taken 'from
the local press, will prove: .„;]'
Coats' huge Paisley cotton thread*
trust made a profit last year of nearly $20,000,000 even after paying ex-
cess profits tax of .many hundred
thousands of dollars. Coats' had previously various reserves amounting to
over $55,000,000. A departmental investigation wishes to know "why reel
cotton costs sevenpence halfpenny.
The average man will get hot under
the collar if he thinks he is robbed of a
dollar. Yet the same individual will pratt
of freedom, and a lot more'nonsense, under capitalism. He will kick at the loss
of a dollar but praises the system which
robs the workers of the product of their
toil. It is too funny for words.
A judge of thc United States has power
to compel 400,000 miners to go back to
work. All the forces of the A. P, of L.
quailed when the ruling class spoke
through one of its law dispensers. Can
anyone wonder that the workers aro sick
of the ineptitude of "the A. P. of L.
loaders?" If two judges spoke at once,
it might be. possible that the A. F, of L.
would fall to pieces. If it would we would
like two of them or even three to shout,
and then there would bc no danger of the
pieces being found.
Thc press would have in believe that
the election results in tho municipal contests in the Old Land are due to the indifference of the middle class. This may
go down wilh those who do not understand the Old Country people,* but no
ono who has ever lived there would ever
swallow it. Thc faet of the matter is the
middle class, so called, is being drivon
to the point where it recognizes that it
must cither get in wilh the proletariat
or bc crushed between the upper J and
lower mill stones. As a result it voted
Labor. v
SOME LITTLE time ago a Mr. Fish, at
that time designated as an expert in
the Anderson system of combatting Bolshevism, paid a visit lo this city, and gave
forth some frothy and vaporous mouthings. Last week, Mr.
MOBE Pish, a Labor organizer
FISHY this time, from south of
TACTICS. the line, was in thc city,
and judging from his
statements, received what he termed an
example of how far the Bed movement
has spread in Vancouver. He seemed
very peeved because the audience that he
addressed in tho Labor Temple was not at
Sufficient newir as to thc cause oj 'the
Centralia affair from reliable sources is
not yet to hand, and to make any:*bin-
ment without reliable information wo|uld
bc folly. Hence any comment th^jt, *e
have to make on the incident will \ be
mado next week. That there is a good
deal of anarchy, we realize, but it i^jnot
all al thc ono end of the scale. It cap-be
noted iu every country that the anarchists
ate to be found amongst thc ruling eli^ss,
as well as amongst Ihe working clfits,
and both produced by tho same forces,
which is thc capitalistic system of production.
One of the most pitiable exhibitions of
ineptitude on the part of labor officials
was tho action of thc United Mine Workers in the recent strike. Driven by thc
rank and file to take action, which they
did not wish to take, thc members of the
executive of that organization have
broken the Striko and left nothing but
chaos in tho organization. Then these
samo individuals will resent any chango
in the form of organization advocated by
the members of thc rank and file.
Immigration Autboritifes
Fighting; to Have'Stools
Appear as Angels
Although it was apparently intended to make the "Star Chamber" proceedings ot the Immigration Board immune against attack
by aay subsequent processes of
Hit, Mr. Rubinowitz on Wednetuay
morning made some pretty deep
dente la the armour-plate provided.
by tht notorious Immigration Act]
when hs appeared before Mr. Justice Morrison hi the supreme court
in sopport of Habeas Corpus proceedings for the release of the Russian deportees, Zukoff, Chekoff and
Butaeff, recently condemned by the
Immigration Bawd as being members of the Russian Workere'
By Section 23 of the Aot, it appeara, lt Is provided that the courts
shall have no power to reverse or
revtew any proceedings of the Immigration tribunal, "subjeet to the
provisions of the Act." Mr. Rubinowitz, however, found hia comeback in the contention that the proceedings In this case were contrary to the provisions of the Act
itself; and under these most unusual circumstances he was entitled to take advantage of any technicality that offered. The men were
really triad on charges of Jobbery,
gambling, and their offences, on
which tho Board had no right to
try them; and his appeal for proper trial in the regular criminal
courts had beea refused.
Mr. Reid, tor the immigration authorities, said the charge was that
of belonging to aa organisation
which taught "disbelief in organized governmont," and he pointed
to the proof of his oharge, at set
forth in two out of several hundred
pages of alleged "evidence," etc.
Mr. Rubinowitz, on the other
hand, quoted «he record to show
that he waa prevented from submitting evidence to establish that
Bolshevism and Socialism, in
which tho eondemned men were alleged to believe, actually constituted a form of organized government. The "evidence" supplied by
tne.departmoat's "professional witnesses was mere hearsay or
worse;"moreover, thd prosecution
was represented by counsel, for
which the Aet made no provision
whatever. He held that the Sn-
preme Court had, under the clroum-
stan.ee, power to annal the proceed-
Mr. Rubinowitz further emphasized varloua Iniquitous features of
the Immghratlon Act, whloh took
away from the accused the safeguard afforded by the ordinary law
or the land. In many subjects it
took away rights guaranteed under
the Magna Charta and the Habeas
Corpus Act, such as trial hy Jury
and release on ball. It enabled the
Minister of Immigration to appoint
w kri^"S' t0 be" th<s otames
which he himself was making; and
he appointed hla own employees to
the tribunal. Such tribunal was lg.
norant of law and of the fundamental principles of legal procedure.
Counsel also pointed oat that the
powers by virtue of which the
three Russians had been held for
three months without trial and
then condemned at the Instance of
a prosecutor who was also practically the Judge—a gross violation
of natural Justice"—could also be
used against a large proportion of
the population of Canada, including natives of the United Kingdom
and other parts of the Britlah Em-
Ptre. The Immigration Act Intro-
duced extraordinary innovations into the administration of Justice tn
ths country. The proceedings in
;.,'? ,_***— <»8e were' themselves
"Bolshevik" in character.
Further argument was adjourned
till next Tuesday morning.
n„Jhe B'itiA government spent £32,-
000 sterling on propaganda against
tho railway mon, Thii propaganda
was so unfair that it nearly caused
a general strike among printers.
Employe of the Winnipeg Electric Railway Company received thoir
first instalment of the baok nay
awarded by the Mathers commission
reoeatly. This payment included
bask pay for the month of Juno and
..       DRUGS
Buy Hm uid Sar« Monty
SOc Gin Pills „ 33c
25c Carter's Utile Liver Pills lfie
fitte 2amt.uk SSe
$1.00   Bllro   FkoBiihito     Mo
SSo Cascarets     * I-..., 19c
S*Oc A. B.  S. & C. Tablets  2(fc
60c GhMo's  Ointment  - -43e
|1.00 Reid'B    Syrup    of    Hypophos-
pbites  _: 69c
56c Formanrint  _ „....„36e
ISSc Eastou's   Syrup    „..15e
91.00  Dorlna .Vaee Powder  64o
26c Fig Lax  ...He
f)0c Djei-KisB Talcum  ,. ..33c
flOc Murine    48c
75c Djir-Kiss  Face  Powder   54c
25c Tia 17c
SOc Reid's  Embrocation  .....33c
26c Nature's Remedy Tablets  10c
35c Cate* Toeth Powder ;. 24c
SOc Brooks'   Baby  Barley  SSo
fl.00  Liquid  Arvon   71c
SOe Raid's  Cream of Saga and  Sulphur  «. S3*
25c Hamilton's  Pllh  18c
50c Chase's Nerve Food 35c
10c Dolly   Tints       7c
50c Fruit-a-tives   .... SSe
30c Nervlline   „ 23c
SOo Pepsoden^, Tooth Paate 3Gc
Afcon Prion Include Wm Tu
Vancower Drug Co.
 Six times	
Mi Hastings  St. W Sey.    1065
7 Hastings  St. W Sey.    3632
411 Main   St.     Sey.    2083
782 OranviUe  St Soy.    701S
1700 Commercial Dr High.    238
OranviUe ind Broadway....Bay.    2S14
Matinee  : ........ 2.30
Iveninffs 8.20
A mxt wane
habit aaaiB a oo.
"fhe Luck of a Totem"
Othtr Big Featons
Sparkling Comedy Featnrinc
"The Uttle
Rob Roy
Modem—Erery Coaveaienee
Hot ond Cold Water I. Every
Proprietress:        MRS.    WRIGHT
Leto ol the Victor Hotel
Eastern News
Thoae af our readers wko ara Interested ia Eastern Canadian newa
and worM-wido events should
snbeerib* to The Maw Damoencr,
SM Lkter Bldg., Hamilton, Oat.
Sabaoription rates $1.50 per year.
Oar Circulation Manager wtll
be pleaeed to tocetre and forward
subscript inaa.
Tha Worn Denocraey Is  a  lira
worfcing-ohtNa paper aad should ba
read by all workers intereited in
Canadian  and world-wide events.
Do you over go out of your way
to patronizo thoee who patronize usf
Buy at a union store.
Wear One of
These Overcoats
and you'll protect yourselves from colds and
THEY are dandy—act both as
a smartly cut overcoat and
raincoat—with or without belts-
slash or patch pockets. Come in
grey, brown and green mixtures,
with heavy rubberized lining protecting you' from the rain, as well
as keeping you warm and comfort-
. able.   Excellent value at
$18   $25   $30   $35
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.
Aim 614 and 616 Yates Street, Vletorl*
Look for tic big Red Arrow sign
You probably know something of the annoyance and losg caused by a "no-good" watch.
Oh, thc luxury of a "watch that can be relied upon
absolutely to tell the simple truth.
Our man's watoh ut $25.00 is just nick a one. It is
bost gold-Mled case, with solid geld bow, Tory strong and
yet quite thin for the pocket, the movement is a
"Birks' Special," with patent regulator and Breguet
A watch for <fonr wife. Strap or expansion bracelet, from $90. A splendid ohoiee,
all—guaranteed, of course.
Geo. E. Trorey
Managing Dil.
Qranvllle and
Distinctive quality,
of course — it's a
Malkin Product.
Do not boil yonr coffee.   It la detrimental t» tke flavor
aad the aroma.
ii exemplified in tho highest
degreo at this establishment.
arc as pleasing ae the service
Dental Nurse ln Attendance
Comer Bobson Street
Open Evenings 7 to 8
Phone Seymoar 5838
A smile cones naturally whin ws
mstt oar frl«bds ood acquaintances
foco to fooc. in oor offiooo, at oor
bosses or oa tho street. Aad why
Bhonlit it not whea tho wins of tho
tolephono bring a caller to oat
Halts rear hollo greeting gonial, aa
anewor thst tells juat who io talking,
and a tone that reflects both Interest
and attention.
CONFERENCE—Sunday, 16th
November, at 3 p.m.
ne Brothorhood House
233 Abbott Street
Speakers:    Rov. M. II. Jackson Mr. T. A. Barnard, Rov.
J. Richmond Craig.   Chairman.    Prosidont, Mr. P. T.
17th November, at 8 p.m.
Fint Congregational Church
Thurlow and PondreU Ste.
Speakers: Rov. Dr. W. Craig,
"Brothorhood and Religion;" Major A. P. Proctor,
M.D., "Brotherhood and
tho Returnod Man;" Rov.
A. E. Cooke, "Brothorhood
in the Industrie! World."
Chairman, President, Mr. F.
T. Schooley.
116B Otorite Stmt
Sunday nervines, 11 a.in. mil 7.30 p.m.
Sundny school immediately following
morning iorv.ee, Wednesday testimonial
inntitiui,', * p-m. Free reading room,
901-903   Birks   Bid*.
Bank of Toronto
over 8100,000,000
Deposit!     78,000,000
Joint Savings Aeeonnt
A JOINT Barings Aeeonnt our bo
opened at The Bank of Toronto
la tho name of two or more
pereoae. Ia these aoooants either
Party nay slga chotaea or deposit
Honey. Vor ths -liferent members
of a laaelly or a flne a Joint aeeonnt
ts ofton a groat oonYonlence. Interest
IS paid 00 balances.
Vaaeoover Branch:
Oeiaee Basttags aad Gamble Streete
Breeches st:
Victoria,   Merritt,  Bn Westminster
Our Setting System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
v    Two Stores:     "
Society Brand
Rogers 'Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Fostei
Our business is saving!
money for your family and]
for you.
Crown Life Ins. Go.]
Phone Sey, 710
Prov. Manager.
Bln| np Pbone Seymonr 83M fa
Dr. W. J. Ci
MM 181 Deminlon Banding
Ur. Union Maa, do yet buy at I
tuiea sterel
-. FBIDAY Wovember M*, 1910
eleventh teab. Ne. u      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vahoooveb, b. a
Winners First and
Second Fish Display
Our Principles
Selection and
Low Prices
This shoald appeal. Try this, YOUR REAL
Market, and satisfy yourself that the above
statements are correct.
BUTTER (Creamery) 60c—STEER BEEF
from 15c per Ib.-VEAL ROASTS at 20c-
SPUDS $2*0 (delivered)—and so on throughout
the Market Our quality and prices cannot'be
beaten. .  .
The One Big Union
Published fcy the Winnipeg Central Labor Counoil
Bead tbe News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six months
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Boom 1, 630 Main St., Winnipeg, Man.
Canadian  National Railways
Mloo Month Limit
Tbfongh T-mrist snd Standard Sleeping Oars
Daily Trains commencing Ootobor 6th '
Poll information beta
MC Baotiags St V. Vsnoouror, B. 0.
Named Shoes an frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
ractoiy J it boars a plain and readable im-
^"""S^"         pression of this UNION STAMP.
AH Shoes without tbe UNION STAMP are always Non-onion
Be not accept aay excuae for absence of tbe Onion Stamp
CObUS L0V8LT, General President—CHAS. h. BAINE, Oenersl Sea-Trees.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for om year'i subMirlpltei to TIk
B. 0. FoderatiooUt, wttt bo mailed to
any addrew fat Canada lor |W50..
(Oood anrwben owtaide ot Vancouver*
city.) Order ton today. Romit when m»M.
""   For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for your underfeed furnace)
1001 MAIV STEEET Phone Sey. J10
Defending Counsel Make
Caustic Comment on
Prohibited Literature Is
Composed of Publications Years Old
Socretary Law, of the Wlnnipog
Defense committee, haa sent the following report on the cases of ihe
men arrested in Fort William and
Fort Arthur for having forbidden
literature in iheir possession. Thc
report is' complete and iu detail, and
gives some considerable light on the
methods now being adopted by the
As I have mentioned in my previous letters, a report would be issuod
periodically, giving you information
regarding the sitaution here in Winnipeg, I beg to reproduce below a
copy of our lawyer's roport regarding the Fort William and Port Arthur cases:
'' About threo weeks ago a man by
the name of Ollikkala was charged
beforo tho police ragistratb of the
City of Fort William with having in
his possession prohibited literature
in tho Finnish language. On the advico of a local solicitor in the town
of Fort William, ho pleaded guilty.
There is no evidence as to thc nature
of tho literature found. It may be
and probably wait most harmless and
inoffensive matter, but it appears
that it was prohibited by tho chief
censor at Ottawa, and from thc mero
faet of such prohibition the magistrate sentenced him to two years in
jail at hard labor or to a fine of
$2000, which fine was paid. Tho
same magistrate also sentenced a
Russian for haying prohibited literature, without any knowledge whatover of its contents any more than
in the case, pf the othor man, to two
years' imprisonment in Stony Mountain penitentiary at hard labor.
These toon wcro both tried under
old orders-in-council issued at the
time when the war was in existence,
and the magistrate who passed the
sentenco apparently paid no attention to later orders-in-council, which
greatly modified the offenco. Acting
under instructions from your defense
committee, I have take* steps to
quash the decisions in each caso,
and hope withiu the next two weeks
to have succeeded in quashing both,
and in having Zura freed from jail
nnd Ollikkala'a money returned to
him. The most remarkable fact
about those two sentences is the fact
that the magistrate apparently did
not peruse or investigate tho naturo,
of the literature. Apparently he
took no cognizance of tho gravity of
the offence.
"Shortly afterwards five mon and
a woman were arrested in Port Ar.
thur and brought boforo a magis-
trate there. I was retained by you
to dofend thom ,and went down. Tho
magistrate declined to exercise any
summary jurisdiction, and had a preliminary hearing, I was successful
in having the charge against the woman dismissed, and this woek I appeared with Mr. Bird, a member of
the Ontario and British Columbin
bars, beforo the assize court, Mr.
Justico Sutherland presiding. Wo
wont very thoroughly into tho legality of thc proceedings, and both Mr.
Bird ami myself advised that the orders-in-council undor which these
peoplo woro charged, wore irregular
and faulty, that the parliament
nover intended that an individual
tike the chief censor should have the
rights of a censorship at all, and
that they merely gave authority to
tho couneil as a whole, to prohibit
litoraturo, but that tho council delegated to nnother individual called a
chief consor, the rightB of saying
what thc peoplo of thia country
would road or what they would not
One man, Carl Nyman, came on
trial, ami thc judge noted all our objections, but decided that he would
leave .tho mattor with the jury. Tho
ovidenco produced showed that Carl
Nyman had lived in Port Arthur
somo sixteen years, was a man of
splendid reputation and character,
had workod in the railroad shops
where he was for some three and a
half years, His wife and lie kept a
boarding house, and tho police, in
making their search, found soma 50
volumes of n magaziuo called "Sua-
kenia.'' Somo of theso volumes
wero sixteen yours old, and none of
them less than four or five yenrs.
They woro found in nn old garret,
where wante stuff was thrown, storm
name of another man oa it, and
somo copies of a magwma wereJf
found in,hia bedroom* This 'magazino was two or three yoars old. WcJ
do not know what was in the stuff,
but at any rate the magazine had'
bcen lawfully published for many]
yeara. Nyman stated that the magazines had belonged to roomers and]
boarders of his, and that several,
years ago he had takon these books'!
and thrown them up in the garret;
that he did' not know it was wrong
for him to have them; that he did
believe that the book was prohibited
from coming into tho eountry now.
but-didn't know it was wrong to
keep the old copies, whieh 111 ou/,
opiinon was and is a good defense, i
We argued rfith the presiding
judge that ignorance of the fact
that it was wrong to have, these pap
ers was a -defense, however, the pro-
siding judge ruled to the contrary,
The matter .was then left to the
jury, and Mr. Bird, hav ing argued all
points of law, I addressed the jury/
and frankly stated to thom that the
cuse was one of primary importance,
probably one of the most momentous
trials that had occurred in the hiB'
tory of Canada in tho last fifty
years; that it involved the liberty of
every individual in this country so
far as entitling him to read or write
what he liked was concerned; that
the liberty of the press was at stake;
that tho intellectual ideas of the
country were'being rationed out by
a nominee of tho government; that
tho press of the country was being
gagged and bound and that the conditions oxisting now wore the same
as whon Wilkes fought for the liberty of tho press in England, and
Joe Howe fought for it in Canada;
that men should bo entitled to write
what they wanted to so long as the
langungo was decent; that men
should bc at liberty to say whatever
thoy liked so long as what they said
was couched in decent language;
that the law of sedition was ample
protection. A strong effort was made
to havo the jury rise to the dignity
of free men and to show that a law
or an order-in-council that deprivod
men of their natural rights would
not be endorsed or supported by a
jury of Canadian mon. Tho jury retired for about two hours, and
brought in the pitiful vordict of,
"Guilty, but without criminal intent." That was a verdict of not
guilty, as any lawyer practised in
criminal law. knows. This verdict
was not accepted by the court, and
the jury were requested to retire
again, when they brought in a vordict of guilty, but the jury on being
polled, showed that two men insisted
on not guilty, and aftor retiring
again, they brought in the verdict of
The* wholo caso showed that the
accused was a decent citizen, who,
without any knowledge, had on his
premises, and had had for many
years, some literature that happened
Executive of B. C. Federation of Labor Calls
for Action
Returns Show That Ref er-
\ endum Was Most Mandatory Ever Taken
The following is a copy of a circular letter sent by tho B. a Federation of Labor to aU the affiliated
organizations. It is self explanatory,
and gives the result of the referendum vote on the formation of ono
industrial organisation:
To all Affiliated Organisations:
At tbo last convention of the B.
C. Fedoration of Labor, held in .Calgary, March, 1919, it was, as a result of a largo numbor of resolutions
calling for the establishment of an
industrial organization, decided to
tuke up a referendum vote of the affiliated membership of the Federation on thc question of severing thc
connection with the International
unions, and forming ono large industrial organization of all workors.
To ensure a proper vote boing
taken, it was decided that sufficient
ballots be printed and sent to each
affiliated organization, so that every
affiliated member,should have opportunity to vote on this important
question. Tho ballots returned by
reason of members not voting to be
counted in thc affirmative. This lata
tel clauso boing to ensure a full vote.
Jn addition to this, in order that the
less vital trades could not decide the
issue, it was decided that there'must
be a majority voto by organizations
considered most vital to the formation of such an organisation, such
as transportation, metal trades und
miners, bofore the executive oould
act on tho vote returned.
Tho ballots were issued as instructed. Each affiliated organization being supplied with sufficient ballots
to cover tho ontire membership, and
in addition ballots were supplied to
organizations not affiliated with the
Federation, bo that they, too, could
take a proper vote and get the'true
expression of opinion.   This was felt
642 Granville St.
Phone Sey. 6110
necessary in viow of tho fact, that
to bo' prohibited, a"nd l ^o_^T&^__^^' Western Conference^had
the court was disgusted, with thai
trivivtitlity of tho charge, and, thftj
Crown almost ashamed of bringing,
it. A nominal line c[f $100 was made;
and as every effort had been mnde;
in the first case, aud as tho next
jury would likely not bo moro cour
ageous than tho'last one, wo enterodJi^ake 8Uch a'-*ou"e practicable,
« fn,.m.i «in. ne ™.tn_ j_ L_n -__T-l!'«At the time of the referendum, the
a formal plea of guilty in the casi
and threo others. Howover, one oL
the accused refused to plead guilty
under any condition. Tho evidence,
against him, he alleged, showed that
ho had an old paper mixed in along
with some othors that he was about1)
to tight his fires with ,also a booklet
which he says his little girl brought
home, and of which he says ho knew
nothing, and rightly and properly he
declined to plead guilty, and this
case is traversed over into tho noxt
It is to bc hoped thut these trials
hold will end for all time in this
country thc trial of a man for having in his possession prohibited literature, and that in tho bright light of
liberty every man under tho British
flag in the Dominion of Canada will
be at liborty to rend whatsoovor he
wishes, that his ideas will not be
measured out to him through the
books, periodicals and papers that an
individual appointed by the governmont might deem right and proper
for his education ami entertainment.
Tt is undoubtedly true that he who
would destroy the liberty of a people must first destroy their pross;
that the profiteer and the evildoer
and all others who in high offico or
privato life are guilty of crimes
against the estate fear moro than
anything else tho criticism and tho
indictment that would be laid
againBt thom through a froe and unbound press; that whilo the free and
fearless press is gagged and bound,
a partisan and political press can
shield and protect by plausible explanation the wrongdoing of those
whom it wishes to protect; that the
profiteer and othors of his ilk fear
thc brave and fearless editor who
will arraign them through the col
umns of his publication, and there is
no greater political and social antiseptic than a free und untrammelled
publication. It is undoubtedly true
that tho pen is mightier than tho
I think I have now stated to yon
the great principle involved in this
decided to tuke a vote throughout
tho eountry, that, tho executive of
"tHe Federation wns instructed to immediately undertake thc formation
flrf an industrial organization, should
the. vote fill all tho requirements as
laid   down   by   the   convontion,   to
wns  throe ycari old, nnd  hnd  tho
windows,   otc.    A   newspaper   wasI tri|lf '-j~ ^ geuoVnl view oTthe con
found on his premises,    The paper Quoting of the ease, and J hope that
n tho  spirit of wisdom  will  descend
from  the  annuls  of  the  past  and
breathe itself into tho legislators of
this country and teach to them that
the greatest safeguard of a people is
freedom of speech and freedom of
the press."
Yours fraternnllv,
Sec. Cenoral (Defense Committee.
Follow ths Crowd to tht
Patricia Cabaret
One block east of Kmpress Theatre
—AND HEAR—     .
npss T.nT.rn boss, ada
SMITH,  B,  LOVE  snd the  EEL
Interpret ths latest sone bits, assisted hy The Bronze Jus Bud
Music, I p.m. to 1
Tobacco Redeemer
Rellevee ell orsrtng for cigars, cigarettes, pipe, chewing tobaceo or snuff;
guaranteed to cure or money back,
Full treatment (10; trial treatment
fi.    Postage paM  to any  address.
Address:    Tobacco Redeemer, 612S
Wales St., South Vaneoaver, B. C
Um Royal Crown Soap
jjand Save tho Coupons
Independent Unions Are Now Getting Under One Banner—     *
Not A. F. of L.
Now York—Prom all indications
another splendid addition to thb
ranks of the Amalgamated Textile
Workers of America will be made
soon. It Is confidently expected
that the Amalgamated Textile
TVImming Workers' Union, an independent organization centering
In New York, will join the larger
organization of textile workers. Already affiliation bas been recom-1
mended to the membership by the
executive board,
The textile trimming workers
hare been waging a strike against
manufacturers in New York and
Brooklyn tor a number of weeks,
demanding wage Increases and a
44-hour week.
Bom* has boen deprivod of newspapers tot the last month as a result
of the newspaper printers' strike,
this despite the sitting of parliament
and nation-wide discussion ot alee*
toral refers*.
■Minted membership .of. the Federation was 20,616, but as other locals
not affiliated with the Federation,
Were supplied with* ballots, 35,000,
ballot cards were distributed
throughout tho Province. When tho
vote was tabulated, It was found
that out of lho entire affiliated membership of 20,61(1- 15,769 members
bad actually votod on the question,
and no returned marked ballots wore
cdunted in this number, truly a most
romarkablc referendum, and ono
that has nover beon equalled in this
or any other Province. "When it is
considered, that 10 affiliated organizations, with an aggregate membership of 2119, did not vote on the
question, the returns are still more
remarkable, and forever give the lie
to the statements about the matter
being railroaded by leaders.
Deducting thu number of members
that -did not vote, and which should
have been counted in the affirmative
according to the decision of the convention, but were not so counted, it
will bc soon that thc organizations
that voted had an affiliated membership of 18,424, and out of this number, 15,189 voted. Tho vote was
made up as follows: In favor, 12,839;
against, 2930, or a majority in favor
of 9909. About 70 per cent, of the
votes cast were in favor of the proposal.
Whilo the votes of the non-affiliated unions has actually nothing to
do with the affairs of tho Federation, yet a largo number of the votes
cast by those organizations wero favorable to the proposal, which makes
the total in favor still larger.
Whilo tho majority of the votes
cast wero in favor, all tho other necessary conditions were filled. Alt
the vital trudes being in favor, and
thero was a large majority of tho
organizations in favor, tbo numbers
being out of 84 affiliated locals, 65
voted, and 51 of thc organizations
voting voted in favor, and no executivo ever had a stronger inundate to
carry out any policy than had the
oxecutivo of the Federation; whieh
was, in tho event of nil conditions
of tho voto, boing favorable, as laid
down by the convention, the executive was instructed to immediately
carry into effoct tho will of the
members by instituting thc new form
of organization, and in view of thc
fact thnt the resolution on this matter on boing submitted to tho Western Conferenco, and was by that assembly adopted, even should thc executivo have desired to havo shirked
tho issue, thero was no loophole for
them to evade thc responsibility of
carrying out tho wishes of the members as expressed by the referendum.
' In view of tho fact that the Federation is not now affiliated with tho
Trades and Labor Oongress of Cnnada, owing to tho arbitrary aetion of
that body, in amending its conntiiu-
f-ion so that the actions of Provincial Federations of Lalior, could bo
made the excuso for removing duly-
elected officers becantte of the fact
that thoy obeyod tho will of the
rank and file, and which might not
suit the executive officers of Congress, thc next move is now up to
thc affiliated organizations who voted for the formation of the neW organization.
Tho executive has earriod out the
wishos of the convention, tho affiliated membors voted in favor of the
now form of organization. The organization has been formed, and is
ovidently here to stay. The executive under these conditions can now
only nst the affiliated organizations,
who voted to establish it, to affiliate
mth the O. B, U., whieh was formed
a result of tho action of thoir
representatives at tho oonvention,
and was fatter ratified by Ae vote of
the mnk and flic, by fhe most representative voto that was ever taken
in the Labor movement on this continent.
I remain, fraternally yours, on behalf of the executive,
Sec re tary-treasurer.
Defense Dance
Don't forgot the Trades aid
Labor Council whist drivo and
dance on Wodnesday, December 3,
in tho Dominion Hall. This dance
is being organized to raise funds for
the defense of the men arrested ia
Winnipeg. Admission, gents 50c, ladies 25c.
On Wednesday, October 22, over
20,000 men of the striking metal
trades and other striking unions
marchod down Market street in San
Francisco, in protoA against the failure of the shipyard employers to
live up to the agreement of tho San
Francisco conference.
May Revoke Charter If It Periiete
In Backing "Outlaw" Union*
Considerable prestige bas come
to the "outlawed" locale trom the
tact that the Central Federated
Union, which is composed of delegatee (rom all New York labor unions, has expressed its sympathy
with the efforts ot the printers to
better tbeir conditions, and that lt
has offered to mediate between the
Internationals Involved and the expelled locals. This action ot the
C. 'P. U. has so startled Oompers
officialdom ln Washington that the
C. p. u. was threatened with revocation of chartnr should It persist
in supporting the rebels against
their internationals.
To this charge the C. F. U. has
replied that Its resolution waa ot
a general nature and did not pre
sume to take aides ln a tactioaat
controversy, and besides, that tta
international presidents sine* ttelr
arrival ln the city had remained
strangely aloof from organised I**
bor, their presence being knars
only through their interviews in
the dally papers.
The Dublin Trade Union Congress
summoned by the Dublin. Tradaa
Council, will be held this week to
decide on the general stoppage of
work throughout Ireland for one iaj
or more as a protest against the nation of the government in withholding passports from James Larkin for
his roturn to America.
Now York—Orcatly-needod flnan-
cfhl assistance is toM>e extonded to
the Omsk government of Admiral
Kolchak by a group of British and
American bankers.
Patronise FedentlqMst  advertls-
News of Special Interest to the
; Man Who Has a Suit to Buy
Specific news of good suit values and net vaporous generalities. The suits
we mention can be seen tomorrow and we warrant they Will not
A SUIT that impresses
most men with its good
appearance and obvious
wearing quality. Asmatt
subdued brown cheek
with a green overstripe
in a soft unfinished
worsted. Tou will not
readily find the equal of
this suit for even 65
more.  Priee - $37.60
lined, nicely tailored,
unequalled in tho trade
at the price.
CHECK, in a good
weight twoed will prove
a good investment to
the man ■*_*> wants to
pay $27.60 for his suit
You will not find better
at the prioe.
suit lhat any man might
be proud to wear. A
splendid quality worsted in a conservative
         style $47.80
A FANCY SOFT-FINISHED WORSTED in a small subdued brown and green cheek,
slightly form-fitting, with peaked lapd, is one of the best values we know of and one
of thc cleanest, neatest-fitting suits to boot.   Prico .'.  _ _ $1000
Men's Pullover Sweaters, $3.00
A NICE WEIOHT SWEATER that will give excellent service; colors arc navy, maroon,
grey, khaki and slate; sizes 36 to 42.   Good value today for $4.00.   Saturday ....$3.00
A Penman Sweater Coat at $3.00
A OSEFUL MEDIUM WEIGHT SWEATER with military collar that buttons up close
to thc nock; in browns and greys; some wilh contrasting trimming,   Saturday $3.00
The Best Coat Sweater a Man Can Buy, $14.50
COATS-SELLING IN TOWN AT $20.00 arc no better than this. Wc provided our own
yarn for these coats and wc bought it on a market many notches lower than thc present one, which accounts for thc difference iu price between ours and other stores'
"best" coat; grey only, in sizes 36 to 44.   Speeial _  $14.50
AT $4.00—A genuine fur folt of good weight aud
quality md tfoeidcdly a good value at our price.
AH tke wajited shades, in grey, brown nnd green:
alao in black; evma 6% to 7%. Triced nt... $4.00
MEN'S CAPS—Ours is easily tlio largest allowing of men's caps in tbe city. Plain tw«ed caps
in staple shapes, 75c and $1.25. Dress caps in
new shapes, coloring.! and material. Prices
are  _   -  $1.50 to SS.50
AT $5.00—This is tho smartosl hat on the mar*
ket at a popular price. The makers trademark,
"King," stamped ia every hat All ft he popular
shapes and  colorings.    The   hat   for   men   aud
young men.     Priee    _ $5.00
TWEED HATS, $3.50—Wo aro now showing
two oi' the tfmnrlcst shapes in tweed hats at this
price. Shown in Donegal tweeds aud shades of
brown and green.
weight. A beautiful underwear that some men
elect to wear all tho year round.    A garment
for   _ _  $5.75
A bcanttfnllf  wilt  puro  wool,  double-breasted
nets, .spliced elbows, knee* and seat ...Sti.OO
better wool combinations mad.-; beautiful  fino
cashmere.   A suit  — 18.60
BAMRSES Dl LUXE—English manufacture,
nice fine finish, medium wcrgtrt. No better wear-
iag wool underwear made.     A garment $1.60
A suit  -   $0.75
DERWEAR—Soft, iloeey lambs' wool, natural
finish, heavy weight,   A garment.  $150
Combinations, a suit _ $9,00
woight, ideal for outdoor workers. Unrmcnt..$3.75
quality heavy weight underwear, made from pure
Australian wool.   A unit for $7.00 and $9.60
Got your order in if you want any of above.
eleventh yeab. No. 4<    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
—Get acquainted with
the goodness of "Fraser
Valley" Butter
—our wagons deliver it to your home
fresh —right from our churns.
Ji make Fraser Valley Butler
every day—right in our own
dairy—you're getting it fresh.
It's made by expert butter makers—
with the best machinery obtainable—
"works" it properly—the kind of
working that keeps it sweet.
In hundreds of homes—where it's regularly used—it's declared the most
tasty butter ever placed on the table.
Order' your week's supply tomorrow
from our wagon when it comes around—
or pbone Fairmont 1000.
Fraser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
8th   Avenue   and   Yukon   Streets
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Executive committee, President J. O. Smith, Vice-President E.
Winch, SecreUry and Btisiaet.fi Agent J,
C. Wood, Tressurer J. Sbtw, Sergeant at
Arms W. A. Alexvder, Trustees W. A,
Pritchard, R. W. Youngaih, R. Bakes, W.
cli—Meets    aecond    Monday    in    the
month.    Prealdeat, J. V. McConnell; aee-
_•_*__, R. H. Neetaada, P. 0. Bii «.
aad Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—Meiu aacond aad foarth Mondaya.
Prealdeat Jaa. Haatitna; flnanclal aeeretary aai tKMorer, Roy Masiecar, Room
218 Labor Temple.  ,	
Local No. M7—Meets every secoad
•ad fourth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Tem»le. President, J. Reld; sec-
" retary, E. J. Temoln, 1328 Oeorgia East;
bnslaeu agent and inanelal aecreUry,
O. 0. Thom, Room 208 Labor Temple.
Phone Bey, 7496.
corresponding secretary, W. Lee.
Room 207 Labor Temple.	
Carpentera—Meets Room 307 every
2nd and 4th Tuesday in each month.
Preaident, J. W. Wilkinson; recording
secretary, W, J. Johnston, 73—24th Ave.
W.; financial secrotary, H. A. Macdonald,
Room 212  Labor Temple.    	
Meets every Tuesday at 7:30 p.m., Labor
Temple. President, P. G. Phillips; sections, and business agent, A. C. Bussell.
Offlce, 587 Homer Etreet. Phones, Sey.
7495 and 4117.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. P. Hsll, Mount Pleasant,
1st and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording
secretary, P. E. Gslflin, 5419 Commercial
Drive; treasurer, E, Cr. Cleveland;
financial seeretary and bnsiness agent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main streets.
818—MeeU at 440 Fender Streot
West, erery Monday, 8 p.m. Presidont, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pender W.;
ncording secretary, J. Murdock, 440 Pender Straet West; financial aeeretary and
basinets agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Ponder Street Weit; asslaUnt aeeretary,
P. R. Burrows.
Unit of tha 0. B. U.—Meetings every
Monday, 7:30 p.m., Labor Temple. President, P. L. Hnnt; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 210, Labor Tem-
pie.   Phone, Beymour 8900.
ployees, Local 26—Meets every flrst
Wodnesday in the montk at 2:80 p.m.
aad every third Wednesday In the month
at 9 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
aecreUry and buslneas agent, A. Graham.
Office and moeting haU, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. 1881. Office hours, 8
a.m. to 6 p.ia. ■-■"■'
ers' Ualon—Meata 2nd aad 4th Fridays, 20S Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 GranvIHe Btreet; secretary-
treasurer, D. J. Snell, 916 Dunsmuir St.
n annua) convention In January. Excutive officers, 1918-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo, McMurphy; West Kootenay, SUrerton, T. B. Roberts; Crow's
Neat Pass, W. B. Phillips, Pernio, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 408 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
Union of the Ono Big Union—Affiliated
with B. 0. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Couneil—
An industrial Anion of all workers ln
logging and construction camps. Head-
quarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vaneoaver, B, 0, Phoae Sey, 79M. E.
Wiack, socreUry-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald * Co., Vancouver, B, C; auditors, Messrs, Buttar
li Ckieae, Vancouver, B.  0.
Association, Local 88-52—Office and
hall, 804 Pender Streot West. Meets
flrst and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
Treasurer, Thomas Nixon; Business
Agent, Robert RaJsbeck.
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meeta flrst and third Tnesdays of eaoh
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Presidont,
W. V. Toinley, 1838 Powell St.; recording secretary, William Glbbs, Station B.
P. 0. Vancouver; flnanclal seeretsry and
business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587
Homer St.
ers* Unit of the Ono Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. C, headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West. All
workers engaged la thin industry are
urged te join the Union beforo going on
the job.   Don't wait to he organised, bat
organise yourself.	
North America (Vsncouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple, President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave, North
Vaneoaver; financial secretary, B. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording secretary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.
(Teamsters, Warehousemen, Auto Mc
chanics, etc.)—Meets every Wednesday
at 152 Cordova Street East. President,
J. Shaw; secretary, C, A. Read, 2344
Prince JCdward Street. Office: 152 Cordova Street East,     	
MeeU last Sunday of each montb at
2 p.m. Preaident, W. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; secretary-
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Conncil—Meets flrst and
third Wednoadays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Parte Street, at 8 p.m. President, E. S, Woodsworth; vice-president,
A, C. Pike; secreUry-treasurer, Christian
arts, P. 0, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
ers, Local 1777—Meets first and third
Mondays In I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, Wf
Cummlngs, 10th Street East, North Vancouver; financial secretary, Arthur Roe,
210—18th St. W., North Vancouver.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U—Meets every aeoond and fourth Tuesday in the 0. B. U,
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0.
B. U. members. Seeretary-trensurer, D.
8. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Faataners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Series 5—MeeU the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month, Labor Temple, R p.m.
President, Oeorg« Mansell; financial see-
retary  and   bnsiness   agent,   M.   Phelps;
Union Official,, write for pricei.
Putronize Fed. advertisers.
So Barnard Described the
Recent By-election in
T. A. Barnard was in good form at
tho National on Sunday night when
ho stepped forward to tell a large
audience about some of tho things
that happoned over at Victoria in
connection wilh the recent by-election. He did not know everything
that had taken place but enough was
known to show that the election had
grave suspicions of not being
A post-election meeting they had
held in ihe Cupitul City on the previous evening, he said, was the most
unique gathering to celebrate a loss;
instead of the usual anxious discussion as to ways and means, they
found that their expenses were all
paid and they had simply to enjoy
a good sociul time. However, thoy
did not propose to wait till three
weeks beforc the next eloction before making thoir plans; they were
going ahead wilh their organization
right away.
Ho was not there as a political
groucher, but one of thc proudest
men in Canada today. With a poll
of 5,000 votes, he had nothing to
bc ashamed of; it showed thore were
5,000 in Victoria who had not yet
bowed thc knee to the god of things
as they are, but had said, "We are
ready for a change." Ho had lost
(so tho doctors said) -0 per cent, of
his ability in France, and he was
prepared to lose the other (JO per
eent. in tho fight for democracy at
home.   (Applause.)
Tho returning officer hud done his
best to carry $ oui a fair election;
but, under the present election act#|
it was admitted an impossibility. No
adequate preparations had been made
as it had not beon thought that anyone would have the audacity to run
up against a cabinet member. Barnard was told he wouldn 't get 10
per cent, of tho votes; then his stock
went up to 25, and then 50, Thc
betting on election morning wus
about "fifty-fifty."
The trade unions almost without
exception helped his candidature.
Tho newspapers wore rather mild at
first, and then launched.into ;' the
most vilifying things possible, making him out to be an anarchist, free-
love advocate, Bolshevist, and so
forth (laughter). Not one thing happened, so fnr as ho knew, that would
bring discredit on the F. L, P.; on
tho other side, it was thc dirtiest
fight ever known. The labor men
were "red devils" as well as I. W.
W., Nihlists, etc., the speaker suggested the roferenco was to tho color of hia hair.   (Laughter.)
It was impossible for tho workers to get their viows before tho
public by means of tho press, notwithstanding tho World's recent editorial saying that there was nothing
to prevent them from doing so by
newspaper advertisement. The ship-
workers had formely offered to pay
for such advertisement, and bad been
refused; thereforo the World had
either forgotten or was telling that
which was not truo. Barnard did
not recognizo his own speech as reported in the noxt day's press; it
gavo tho impression that ho had
been drunk thc night before.
As to meetings,-thoy offered Tol-
fmic a place on their platform; but
when they asked themsolves on their
opponent's platform, they wouldn't
havo them.
On election day some of tho booths
were opened at 9 a.m., and some
were not. Ono waB not open till 51
minutes to 10. There waB no secrecy
at nil at thc polling stations; a
person could stand and see how each
man voted. Hundreds never voted
at all; they wero lined up outside
like a bread-lino. Men were brought
in from Alborta and elsewhere, to
vote as returned soldiers under tho
election act as amended in 1919; thc
War Time election act was a pink
tea in comparison. Howovor, thoy
wore advised that it would probably
tako about $20,000 and two years'
time to appeal tho election; tfoey
would have a goneral election in less
timo than that, and so thoy had bettor spend the monoy in propaganda.
In future, the Labor Party would
havo to have effective organization,
if they were to chango conditions,
Thc Buccessea of the old country hod
boen due to such organization; it
was not that the parson and thc
squire "lay down," as thc newspapers suggested. They never "lay
down;" or, if they did, they had
ono eye opon anyway. The speaker
gavo them credit, however, for fighting clean—not as it was dono at Victoria.
The attitude of the workers in
Vancouvor on thc school question
was a ■disgrace. Again, Vancouver
was not the healthiest place in the
world for children, lhat too was entirely duo to the attitude of the
workers. The death-rate in Vancouver was 126, as against 110 in England, 00 in Australia, and 50 in New
Men's Hatteri and Outfitters
630 Granville "Street
619 Hastings Btreet West
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start te finish.
A Short History pf
the Canadian O.B.U.
(Coitinued from Last Week}''
Immediately upon tha close of the
Western Labor Conference the yaiy;
ous provincial committees met »a«d
decided upon thc scope and charaettr
of their work, whilo the central'dx-
ecutive also met and outlined the
type of propaganda necessary tb
give the rank and file a clear idea
of what tho new policy adopted,
both by tho B. C. Federation of Labor and the Western Labor Conference, meant. It was decided that
the central executive committee
should have charge of the propaganda and should issue and receive
tho ballots for the referendum-
there were two questions to be voted upon, (a) The new form of organization; (b) Thc question of a
strike, June 1, for a six-hour duy.
The centrnl executive felt that a
littlo too much was being staged
ut ono time, but had recoived definite instructions that theso questions should bc submitted and so had
no choice in tho matter. Whatever
aetion would hove been decided upon by the rank and file re a six-hour
day no one knows, although thc vote
on thut question carried overwhelm
iugly, for the Building Trades ami
the Metal Trados disputes of the
city of Winnipeg brought ont all organized, nnd a considerable number,
of unorganized workers on a goneral
strike in that eity which lasted six
weeks. This was entirely under international auspices, as tho 0. B. U.
was not yet in existence, tho propaganda only at that time being distributed. It was, in fact, tho general position adopted by international officers during that famous strike
that .drove home to the minds of
the workers of the city of Winnipeg
the necessity for a new form of organization where representatives
shall do the bidding of tho "rank
tiud-filo" nnd not, as is now tho case
with internafional bodies, vico versa.
However, the central committee
got to work nt once on tho preparation of the ballots, They issued'-nlso
a number of leaflets as follows:
(1) One Big Union—This was a
short article showing the obsoleteness of old craft organization, owing to advancing industr'al condi-
Opening as addressed:   "To
FRIDAY. .November 14, 1919
jfing to tke industry in which thoy
work, instoad of according to the
particular petty craft they may fol-
fow. it becomes possible to get unitod action at any time along any line
conducive to those workers' welfare.
What is there to gain by retaining affiliation with a moss-covered
and age-old institution; supporting
re-action at all times, and by its
very structuro, dividing the workers
instead of uniting them. Let us cut
those strings which load, us apart
and strengthen those cords which
bind us togothor.
A new day arises. New conditions
produce new noeds. .New needs de-1
maud new ideas, new forms of or-'.
ganization arc hammered out. In j
union there is strength. !
(2) The question of the six-hour *
day. Ab its name implies an argu-,
mont in favor of a shorter working'
(3) An outline of industrial or- j
ganization. Showing how the work- '■■
ers must cast their forms of organization into as near a similar mould
as the masters' organization, as con-,
ditions will permit. i
(4) The Onc Big Union or T
This was an attempt to show that
we must get tha workers together
and attempt to educate thom to a
knowledge of thcir social status, und
attempt, thus to resist the downward
thrust of wages and the encroachments of capital, as well as supply.,
the necessary mental preparation forj,
tlio day when production for profit
should givo way to production for
(5) Industrial organization of
labor in Great Britain. This wns a
digest of an nrticlo appearing in tho
New York "Nntion" (April 19,
1!)19) by Leland Olds, which no
doubt many of your renders are already familiar with, demonstrating
how industrinl conditions, during the
wnr period, compelled the workers
in Britain to fashion a new weapon
in tho shape of the "shop Btcward-|
movement.'' Tho Bulletin opens
with tho following npt preface:
Wo especially commend this article to thc attention of those of our
opponents who havo contended that
the proposal to form One Big Union
of nil wngo-oarnors, organized along
tho lines of industry instead of
craft, is merely the product of cer-
the workers of North America," it tain irresponsible radicals in west
proceeds, in part, as follows: ern Canada   and that tho proposal
Out of the  Western Labor Con- !s «»workflhle' aml ™n ^ rcsu,t
ference,   held   recently in   Calgary,  In «lw™pting the trade union move-
Alberta, a new schemo of organist- "I.0"*' ctc> c,c-     ,        ..*.','
tion had cmergcd-Ouo Big Indufc- , Our answer has boon that the new
trial organization. T   '"i of.*Wni»tion » the result
You, as a worker, organized into °J **-* changing methods of produc-
tho old-fashioned and obsolete craft !lon »' '"dustry, that the craft form
union, know that wo speak tho truth IH »• Io»f *™ *> <**«» for the
when wo assert that such nn orgaj- workers those improvements in their
ization has outlived its usefulness; J)a*oraI. conditions necessary for
that tho worker cannot satisfactoi- h<y existence and well-being, and
ilv arrange wages, hours ot labok ^ ^° «™<> $™&* » tho meth-
and general working conditio^ J*" °' produetion that compelled
through his narrow petty eraft u|. *h« 230 trade «■«» J^gatcs at tho
ion; that thc very fellow workejfl <M&*7 convention to adopt a new
to whom ho looks for help, thole hnc of notion are taking placo all
who work alongside him in thc shA) ov?r *5e W0'T ._ „ „- ' „ .
or factory, who arc part and parcM In th* artlcl° itaelf thc follo*,1n?
of the *aiic industrial process, Jo V™S™f passage appears, which
themselves prevented, by their own J?1! Sivo "hie faint idea of tho
■   ■       - • ■■ '- « -v   droction and force of tho author's
The shop committees hnvo begun
craft union restrictions from rend*
ing that assistance necessary to ej
suro oven a measure of success. ...
It concludes with an appeal for a now organization of labor.   Tho
diligent thought nnd study and cm- J1?* ^tird «J been a minor of-
phttsizes tho efficiency of the new or- J"3'*1. of J"c craft organization, at-
ganization by stating:
By organizing the workers, accord-
tending simply to potty adjustments
between members of his craft and
 tho shop foreman. But a committee
~~~    "     ~~ ,   .   .    "7      Ti °f 8*,0P stewards ceased to bo a
Zealand. Tho workers an tho old waft organi7,ation, and a delegated
Country were taking up theso things; works committeo of thcsc ^op^ow.
thw couldn't be kept down. The ards roprcsonted mflny crafts in a
Trado Unions would hnve to get in- „:..^_ -i..i....*„.. «■__■-*
to political action beforo thoy got
anywhere ot all. If thc 0. B. U. had
to political action before they got &T t*mttyt .Hf°, ™a the .nu"
0«„™i;«-« n*. «n   t* t-nn Ami £..1 "ous of a new industrial organization.  The workers no longer looked
spent 25 per cent, of their resources tn A.. , " ," ,, .
in organizing politically} thoy would ° ^^".'T «ocu*,ves J» at'
have been much   stronger, ^in   the j!"d *° ^»r interests. Several suc-
spcokor's opinion.   (Applause.) JZ?L k ^WW° or6,in,ze(1 nnd
"We muat be able to replace what "n"?^d ^ those new committees
wc are out to destroy," the speaker °Jj}°V Rewards.   Shop committees
insisted.   They  were  not  going  to *c™    «g™«*-with    telegraphic
overthrow the present system in a °ol° M* » «>rps of motor despatch
day, or a month, or six months. They J^ff   ^ft^ trado union ox-
nnlst build  a   substructure    whieh 'c",.,ve18 ™d tho government all rec
would allow a super-structure to be ^",",,1 J10 n*™*. "? presented
built upon it.   Thev hud got to got « u»lt(,(l ^ont agamst th,s unnuthor-
the sympathy of   he "petty bour- ^/TTi *   ^ JT,m1tlM  WM
geois" and ''get away   from   the ™t«d and deported, but labor was
idea that onlr those  are   workers £«S  ?ntaB°mzed'   •?« the new
that use thc pick and shovel."  Old JJJ   *atl™    7'jN     "»*Jy
age pensions, free medical and ma- throughout England."    (How   like
tornity   attendance,   mother's   pen- °ur own Pfttion hero in Canada at
sions, unemployment insurance, pro-. xn\ V™**™,tlwe-.)    a
portional representation and cqualiz' .Afl a,.ready P0,".tfid oat> however,
ation of soldiers' pensions, were some thfi contral executive
of the things worth while to go on
with. It was all very well to overthrow tho system, but somebody was
suffering meanwhile.
The workers had got to drop their
little fractional differences and work
togethor. "A man's only got so
much energy—though a woman may
have n little more. If ho spends 50
per cont. of it in fighting his brother,
he's only got 50 per cent, left to
fight tho common enemy." The P.
L. P. wos absolutely distinct from
the Socialist Party, The latter had
nn educative function, nnd could not
capture the reins of government at
tlie present time. That wns where
tho P. L. V. stepped in.
We have every kind of rubber from
the low overs to the hip boots (first grade
only); the prices are reasonable.
Also Rubber Coats, with snaps, in
different weights.
Our dress, rubber-lined Coats, tweed
effect, from $15.00 up to $27.50.
Men's Overcoats at $20.00 each.
Stanfield's Underwear, in all weights;
two-piece and combinations.
Branch Store: 444 Main Street
^^^^-—- committeo had
prepared the ballots and these began to roll in, until a majority had
been rolled up to tho tune of Approximately 24,000 to 0,000 of all
trades unionists in western Canada.
This did not includo' tho vote of
Winnipeg city, which wn« tied up in
the mails, owing to tho genernl
strike. When this finally came to
hand it was found that a 05 per
cent, mnjority in favor of tho new
form of organization had been cast,
thc total vote being around 12,000
(I have not the exact figures by mc,
and consequently cannot stato definitely). At any rate, the overwhelming chaructor of the voto convinced
the central executivo committee that
the "rank-and-file" were ripe for a
j chnnge. Thc further convention provided for in tho roport of the policy
committee of thc Western Labor
Conference was held in Calgary early
in Juno and there the properly ere-
dcntinllcd delegates worked upon
tho general constitution of tht 0.
B. U. and produced a document
which later enquiry tovcals fits in
entirely with Ihe shop stewnrds' machinery already in existence in Britain.
Yet this document is so arranged
that even by the powers granted
therein to thc "rank-and-file" it can
abolish, itself should conditions be
! such as would warrant ita extermination. It would bc a waste of time,
I perhnps, (o lengthily deal with that
j constitution as any readers who
nre interested can obtain a copy
thereof by addressing n letter to
V. K. Midgley, 401 North West
Building, Vancouver, B. C.
But what of tho organization Itself! Latest reports shew that in
tho city of Winnipeg, whore thc
worken pawed recently through a
most trying exporienco nod learned
considerably of master-class tactics
during a hugo lnbor dispute, there
are now approximately aome 9,000
HlHliatnd members and every day
records new recruits and new desertions of looolfl from the A. F. of L.
into tbo 0. B. V.
Alt of this may possibly bring for-
ward the question os to whother or.
not this organisation is not u duplicate of the I. W. W,, or porhaps,
tho W. I. I. V. In answer to this
query wo must offer an unequivocal
iiegativo. In the first place, tho pro-
A. F. of L. Is a Warning,
Not an Example, Says
Tom Dickson
, Glasgow.— That the American
Federation of Labor Is a warning
rather than an example to Scottish
labor, Is the Impression gained
anew by the delegates who attended the recent Hritish Trades Union
Congress at Glasgow. Their Impressions are well summed up by
Tom Dickson in the "Forward,"
when he says:
"Fraternal Delegate J. J. Hynes,
of the American Federation of Labor, spent 40 minutes in showing
us—if it wer'e necessary—that tho
4. F. of U has a great deal to learn,
It is even opposed to a political labor party. 1 take it that the American Federation tȣ Labor, under
the divine guidance of Samuel Gompers, Is mightily concerned about
securing another few grains of ilco
for the slave, but it has no business
with securing the freedom of the
slave. To British Labor the A. F.
of U Is, a warning, not an example!
"The A. F. of L. blinders, happily, were not on the eyes of J. C.
Watters, Canadian Trades and Labor Congress, who sunk his fist
up to the wrist In the paunch of
capitalism nt every hit. Canadian
Labor, If Watters truly reflects it,
ts all right"
Hand tho Fed. to your shopmate
when you ore through with it;
motors of the 0. B. U. recognize tho
necessity for some extended form of
organization which would carry tho
workers to a higher point in their
every day fight with capital over
wagos and conditions of work that
tho old craft form, already demonstrating its uselessncsB. It is the
logical extension of old trades uu-'
ionism, demanded by ever-developing industrial conditions. Then
again, it sets itself in direct opposition to the sabotage philosophy
of tho I. W. W., realizing that the
policy of violence is (he policy of
the anarchist and therefore could
only result in disaster, confusion,
and general ruin to the ranks of labor. Furthermore, it cons'ders thn
interests of the workers as they muy
bo found together in a given geographical centre, such as, for instance, Winnipeg, and contends that
carpentors, bricklayers, etc., of tho
building trades huvo more Th common with the workers of the metal
trades of thut snuio city thnn with
the building or metal trades of some
other city. Also thut tho metal
trades on tho rn:lrond (railroad
shopmen) whilo they hove common
interests in n given city also important interests in common throughout
a complete railroad sysctin, and
thence to all the other railroad systems in thc same country. This,
then, is something which actual practice has worked out for the wage-
laborer, an orgnnizntion which recognizes tho limitations of organization along industrial lines, and at
the same time appreciates tho importance of tho geographical factor.
And, finally, as an answer to some
who cither arc too lazy to enquire
or to dishonest to stay with the
facts, let it bc snid that while no
attempt is mado to havo the O. B.
U, indulge in politics (its sphere is
on the industrial fiold) it carries its
membership to a higher political
point than the best of tho old international organizations, inasmuch
as it permits tho fullest discussion
and enquiry on any floor of any industrial unit.
Thus, whilo the organization, as
such, does not claim to be a political
party (its function precludes any
such possibility on n largo scale)
nevertheless it does not oppose, nor
repudiate, political enquiry or action. In fact, it assists in teaching
to its members what political action,
as far as the working class is concerned, really is.
Oat   Out   This Advertisement.     It's   Worth   Beal   Honey
Clothes Economy
In this day of high clothing prices when a ready-
made suit or coat of cotton
and wool mixture costs you
from $40 to $75, it is decidedly economical to have a
Tom-the Tailor suit made
to your measure, of best
British wool, by union
cutters and tailors for
This copy of the Federatlonist
is good for a discount of 10
per cent, on tbe purchase of a
The Tailor
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized     	
Capital Paid-up 	
Reserve and Undivided Profits.
Total Assets 	
.:.$ 25,000,000
..$ 16,000,000
...$ 17,000,000
690 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Wert Indiei.
Also branohei in London, England; New York Oity am
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branohei in Vanoouver:
Main Office—Corner Bastings and Bonier Streets.
Corner Main and Bastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Bobaon Streets.
Comer Bridge Street, and Broadway West.
Corner Cordora and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Oranville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street
Budson Streot, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 25th Avenuo Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account on whieh interost is paid half-yearly
at current ratos.
Manager Vancouver Branch
C. W. T-ltXEB, Vancouver,
Sipervlsor for B. O.
Men's Heavy Work Boots
For Saturday Savings
160 pairs of Men's Strong
Elk Grain  and  Chrome
Work Boots picked out
for Saturday selling.
Reg. to $7.50, now—
Boys' strong
wearing Calf
and Chrome
Boots. A11
sizes from 11
to 51/2—
Men's Brown Mahogany
and Black Calf Dress
Boots. Light uppers with
single and
slip soles....
Why not have your shoes repaired and reduce the cost of your footwear?
P. PARIS       51 Hastings West ffBIBAT.  Wovemlwr 14, MM
Those Taxes Again
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
.mist thank you again for your second oditorial on the quostion of
taxation, because I am not at all
anxioua that you* should bo misconstrued, nor do I enter a discission
of this kind in order that I toiay
have the chance of putting my foot
on the occk of a fallen adversary.
I am taking up one side of this
^quostion, and I trust you aro taking
up tho' other, mainly to Jiolp readers
of the Federationist to clarify thcir
ideas on the subject and to beware
of the error of making bald and
ambiguous statements.
) Your position now ia that all labor
receives in exchange for hiB lahor
powor is to mako him an efficient
and profitable slave to his master,
and that if he goos to theatres, and
chow* tobacco, and drinks booze,
theso things aro necessities of life to
i.   ... __„^___—___________________________
thim, and not luxuries. They are
just as much to him in the eyea of
his masten oa a good feed of oata is
to a horse.
The horse could live on hay, bnt
if wo feed him a little oats we can
got more out of him; tbe workor
could live without theatros, chewing
tobacco, and boon, but with these
tho master can get moro oat of him.
I will grant that, for tho sake of the
Now the masters put a tax on tobacco and the slavo pays that tax
whon he buys his smokes. Let us
assume that the* tax is 33 per cent.,
and that the slave receives $1.50 per
wook for tobacco juice to make him
moro efficient. Out of that $1.50 he
pays 50 conts aa a tax. Bnt If to*
bucco makes him a more efficient,
slavo, why dock 50 eents of it to
pay a tax! I adinit the mastors
have not got very much brain power,
[Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here They Ara, Indexed for Ton
Ur, union Hu>, Cat Tliis Out and Givo It to Tost Witt
IBank of Toronto, Hastings k Cambie; Vietoria, Merritt and New Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vancouvor, 29 in B. C.
I Shelly'«...,
..Phono Fairmont H
I Tis .alls Limited-.
|J. A. Flett	
..MS Hastings Street West
.... Hastings Street West
IJPockot Billiard Parlor. *. ..  ~~.
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms) 	
...42 Hastings Street Eut
.......Hastings Street East
I Goodwin .Shoe Co, „.
Ingledew Shoe Store.. 
Ja'iimtpn 'a Big Shoe Store...
' K " Iftot Shop 	
Boots and Shoes
_11» Hastings Street East
..680 Oranvillo Street
J,%ridclay Shoe Co_
li'ierro Paris...
"a. Uiek ltd...
...409 Hastings Street West
 319 Hastings Street West
 1047. OranviUe Street
..64 Hastings Street West
....... Hastings Street Eaat
[Bank Buffet-.
'(•helms O
 Corner Hastings and Homer Streeta
—............. ........64 Hastings Street East
-166 Hastinga Street West
Millar ft Coe. Ltd..
"Chinaware and Toys
 . — . 419 Hastings Street Wast
El Doro anl aU Union Label Cigars
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold * tjiiigi. v-, -._.'. 646 Qranvllle Street
Clubb k Stewart 309-315 Hastings Street West
B. C. Outfitting Co...
B. C. Tailoring Co_„
_Vm. DUk Ltd....
.342 Hastings Street West
-129 Hastings Street Eut
* V-l'hoii Foster * Co., Ltd..
J. W. Foster * Co., Ltd...
J. N. Haney Ltd..
-.33-49 Hastings Street Eut
...514 OranviUe Btreet
he Jouah-Prat Co...— ....
}V,v Tork Outfitting Co—
 —_.—.—345 Hastings Streot West
..125 Hutings West and Vietoria, B. C.
... ; 401 Hutings Street West
 .'. 143 Hastings Street Wost
-820 OranviUe Street
/David Sponsor Ltd.—_..„..... ..   Hutings Street
\ W. B. Bruir'»t . *.-   _ .Cordova Street
■Jhomas k AlcBoin.............— ...—.,  —Granville Streot
Woodwardf.Ltd ——. Hastings and'Abbott Streets
T. B. Cuth*    tsons k Co - „ Oranvillo Street and Hastings Streot
Victor-Clothes Shop  ......... 112 Hastings West
K..bii*s,in Clothe? Shop, \,ti. ——.'. —.Corner Hastings and Bichards
6. B. Kerfoot „ _ —.- ...'. .'355 Hastings Street East
D. K. Book .  ;_ ..'.'. — .'..... 337 Hostings Street Wost
Kirk k Co, Ltd	
Maedonald Marpole Co...
) Main St., Seymour 1441 and 405
 1001 Main Street
Fraser Valley Dairies...
..8th Avenue and Yukon Street
J. Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas C&sstdman   602 Hastings West
pDr. \7. J. Curry.  „ 301 Dominion Building
i Dr. Gordon Campbell .«. Corner OranviUe and Bobson Streets
1 Dr. H. E. Hall   19 Hastings Street East, Seymour 4043
i Dr. Lowe........... „.........™.™ Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
Dr. Gratiy...
iBank Buffett 
Britannia Beer...
Cascade Beor 
Hotel Wost..
Patricia Cabarot «™.™™™...*
Rob Roy Hotel 	
Taxi—Soft Drinks. .......
Van Bros....................... :.—
...Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
.—..... .cor Hastinga and Homer Streets
 Westminster Brewery Co,
 Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
  .. 444 Carrall Street
...411 Hastings Streot East
 .......57 Cordova Streot West
  409 Dunsmuir Stroot
....... "Ciders and wines
..Any of thcir six stores
(Vancouver Drug Co	
Dry Goods
I Famous Cloak ft Suit Co 623 Hastings Stroot West
Gordon Drysdale Ltd.  L OranviUe Street
. Florists
|Brown Bros, * Co. Ltd. .....48 Hastinga East and 728 OranviUe Street
Funeral Undertakers
..1049 Georgia, Seymour 2425
 531 Homer Street
I .Center ft Hanna Ltd.™ 
Nunn Thomson ft Glegg.— ......
[Hastings Furniture Co..... ....41 Hastings Stroet West
[pal-Van Market...........  Hastings Stroet Opposite Pantages
'Slaters"'(threo stores)—.. Hastings, Granville and Main Streets
T. Wallace Marketaria...:..... 118 Hastings Street West, Seymour 1200
rVoodwards  Hastings and Abbott Streets
kpenccrs Ltd ..«« ..Hastings Street
[iroadway Table Supply  618 Broadway East
Insurance  -
|_rown Life —-«.  .._„.—.—Rogers Building
forks Ltd...
...OranviUe ahd Georgia Streets
Iff. H. Malkin...
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
  ..(Malkin's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
'Big Horn" Brand—.—* ..(Turner Beeton ft Co., Vlotoria, B. C.)
iHunter-Hondorson Paint Co.—..  ......642 Granville Stroot
iHlcks-Lovick Piano Co 1117 Granville Stroet
Printers and Engravers
Cowan & Brookhouse *« .'. -. „ Labor Temple
Clelland-Dibble -™.« .™ - Tower Building
Angoll Engraving Co. — - - 518 Hastings West
A. H. Timms 228-230—14th Avonuo East
White & Bindou....—...- - 528 Pender Street West
P.- G. E...
 and the ,
.aN, B.
Tom the Tailor-.
 624 GranvUle St.; 318 Hastings W.
; J. A. Flott...
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather...
...Hastings Street West
...Hastings Streot West
L _Sm.prt.as .*
Theatres and Movies
...«..« Orphoum ................
but we must give them credit for
having enough to prevent them from
doing any sueh fool stunt as that.
If tobacco made the slaves more
efficient you can bot your pen-wiper
tobacco would be on thp free list in
every country in the world instead
of only in poor little Holland. And
the masters would put a high tax on
things which make him less efficient,
such as Socialist literature. Further,
as for theatros making the slaves
moro efficient, the facts do not bear
this out. The most efficient slaves
in the country are those who work
on the farms 10 and 12 hours a
day and who .have scarcely time to
spit tobacco juice let alone go to a
The efficiency of the slave in the
masters'eyes depends upon whether
ho is organized or not organized,
and not ut all on how he spends his
money. From the standpoint of
capital, Judgo Gary Ib right.
You s&f "It is truo that in many
instances that such small advancement that has boen made in the
standard of living has had to be
fought for by the slaves, yet it
muat also be conceded that if the
advance had uot boon necessary for
tho production of the slavo and to
mako him moro profitable to his
master, no powor on earth would
have got it." Might I add that if
tho foregoing is true it must also be
conceded that the workers are
crazy in striking for things which
Only result in making them more
efficient to their masters.
On the front page of last week's
Fod. is a column giving an account
of tho conquests of thc Loggers
Union, and your correspondent rightly boasts of these improvements.at
Hardwick Island, but if your contention be correct this column ought
to bo surrounded with a heavy black
line, nnd the caption should read,
"Lamentable Affair in tho Logging
Industry—fhe.SlaveB Force Masters
to Make Them More Efficient."
But I hardly think you havo mado
your position clear on this point.
Further, you stato that "different
standards of wages are necessary to
produce different types of labor."
Meaning, I presume, thnt it costs
mote to produco labor which requires
moro skitl. Now this is not correct.
Tako school teachers and firemen.
Ab it happens I huvo bcen engaged
in both occupations.
As a school teacher I received $60
per month. Whilst firing a donkey
engine in the tall timbers I received
$4-50 per day. I bolieve it is a con*
servative statement that tho average pay for school teachers in this
province is lower than tho average
pay for firomon.
According to your argument this
is because tho cost of producing a
school teacher is considerably less
than the cost of producing a don*
key fireman. But any average husky
lady of 18 can be initiated into tho
mysteries of throwing sticks of
wood into tho bowels of a, donkey
engine, in a fow minutes, whilst
yoars of study and expense; togothor
with natural ability, is necessary to
produce a school teacher.
It is perfectly truo that labor
power is a commodity and would ox-
change like all other commodities
on the average at its cost of produetion. But just as 'monopolies,
combines, etc., force tho prico of
commodities above.thoir value, so
with labor power. Where tho workors are woll organized in a combine
such as a trades union, or industrial
union, thoy ure also able to force
the market price of labor power
above its valuo, and that is what
really takes placo.
I agree with you that tho abolition of the wage system is the chief
business of all intelligent wage
workers. But whilst wo have*this
systom is it impossiblo to got a little
more tlmu hay and oats? If so, then
all strikes, with the suffering and
misery they entail, nre the veriest
nonsense, unscientific and illusory,
and ought to be denounced in every
issuo of thc Fod.
Now for the sake of clearing this
point in thc minds of many of your
readers will you state whethor in
your opinion strikos for highor
wages, better camp conditions,
shorter hours, etc., are any advantage whatever to tho workers, oi
whethor they only result in increased efficiency as slaves to the benefit
of the masters, and you will also
very much oblige,
Yours truly,
Sulmon Arm, B. C.
(Tho writer has not grasped the
intent of tho editorial in question.
and   has   largely   misconstrued  thn
statements  contained   therein.    We
aro  not responsible for his  deductions, but only for the  statements
wo made, and our readers can judge
as to tho accuracy of the writer's
interpretation   of   tho   editorial
The Federationist has a greater circulation than The Worker.
Yours for organization,
a. Mckenzie,
Secretary Kamloops District, L, W.
I. U. of the 0. B. U.
A Criticism of "The Philosophy of
Industrial Unionism."
In the Oct. 30th issue of Tho
Workor appeared an article entitled
"The Philosophy of Industrial
Unionism," by 6. J. McKinnon. It
is well named, indeed the "philosophy" of industrial unionism for,
like all philosophies, it is 90 per
cent, moonshine. And in the words
of the greatest of all proletarian
philosophers, namely, Joseph Dietz-
gen: "Philosophy is tho younger sis*
ter of religion."
Like all anarchistic philosophies,
it is idealistic, and human nature is
tho standard of measurement adopt'
od. Revolutionary catchwords are
used volubly, and therefore the moro
dangerous on that account. And like
all would-be educators of tho work*
ors, who advocate the same method,
McKinnon finishes up .with a self-
sutisfiod flourish of "Got together,"
and "forget," etc., etc., for lack of
ability to stand on tho grandiose
structuro ho has erocted for us poor,
ignorant workers to follow.
Tho way tho materialistic interpretation of history is handled is highly amusing to a student of Marx.
He says, "instinctively men desire to co-operate with their fellow
men." "Only the very unsociable
aro averse to companionship." And
might we ask, what about tho individualistic principlo which is averse
to cooperation! What determines
that? I suppose it must bo the unsocial element.
It must be remembered that the
growth of the idea of property is
contemporaneous with tho motto of.
"Every man for himself, and tho
devil tako the hindmost.'' In studying human institutions, you must
take iuto consideration all the forcos
at work which tend to mould them.
"It is not the consciousness of man
that determines his existence, but on
the contrary, his social existence determines his consciousness."
Before men can havo any idoas of
religion,    philosophy,    govornmont,
'qfifre, where the above named organ
vation waa born, or rather recommended to be voted upon by the International organizations, oat of
WUch the preaent organization has
resulted, I understood the 0. B. U.
to be a more effective form of organization tban the internationals,
and not a revolutionary organization. If it is a revolutionary organization, then I have no business
to be in it. For to me, the only
function of any revolutionary organisation at the present stage of things
around this part of the world is to
spread sound working class education. And the facts of everyday Ufe
|<j)rove tke above to be true.
What would happen to the workors at Chase, who at present are on
striko for better conditions in the
logging camps there, if they advocated revolution ,or at any other strike
of our organization? What will happen to our organization in this in-
torior country, if ihe tactics of a
small element who hang around Vancouver aad dish up suck explosive
pamphlets and anarchistic literature,
wM*tt ;■ n wfl«te nf mimay". he'ftune.
performing no useful purpose to the
welfare ot the union, but if persisted
in, will surely wreck the organization. And McKinnon talks of enemies to tho organization.
No! You bet! These propagandists of the deed are always advising the othor fellow to do things
they ve not always prepared to do
Besides, revolutions do not take
place in logging camps.
As to his description of the tactics of the Socialists as the doctrine
of "Lassez Faire," it is to smilo.
Many and varied have been tho
shortcuts to working class emancipation advocated by all sorts of social freaks. And let me as a Marxist
(Continued next page)
Retiring from Business
Now is your opportunity to purchase
that gramophone you promised yourself for Christmas at a remarkably low
Call and let us demonstrate without
the least obligation to you.
"Just Below the Province"
120 Hastings St West Phone Sey. 9170
Goods Well
We buy'our clothing well—"Quality at a
Price." We sell the same way. Ton ean't help
but get better quality here for the prfee. Our
windows tell the atory—see them to know what
real value ia
Suit prices ranging from ...—. .$10.00 to $66.00
Big Shirt Special—Values 42.00, $2.25 and $2.50; sizes
14 to 17%, now at   ..... .$1.50
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Corner Homer Straet
Highest Grade Mechanic's Took
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd
45 Hastings St W.
Vancouver, B. C
Editor B. C. Foderntionist: In justico to the dchool of thought to
which I belong, and to snme of tho
men now charged with seditious conspiracy in Winnipeg, who also belong to tho samo school of thought,
and who wero prominent in expressing the wishes of tho rank and tile
of Labor for a moro effective form
of organization, in these provinces,
which utlimately resulted in tho formation of tho Ono Big Union, and
also in the firm Relief that Tho
Workor, the loggers ofliciul organ,
doos not express tho sentiments of
the greater part of our membership,
I would deem 'it a favor if you
would publish tho following, written
in reply to S. J. McKinnon'a 'Philosophy of Industrial Unionism," as
Land Act
Coir* Dlitrlet, Bangs 1
TAKE NOTICE thit I, Douglas Stewart Clarke of Blunden Harbor, intend
to apply to tho Hon. the Ministor of
Landa for permission to purchase tbe following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted about 20
chains ■ Sonlh of the B. W. corner of
Lot 422 and being at the South Wost
corner of Jnla Island, In Blunden liar
bor,* thence around shore line to point of
commencement, and ton inuring 12 acres
more or leu.
Dated September 15th,  1919.
Land Act
Notice of Intention to Apply to Purchase
Land in Vancouvor Land District,
Range 1, Coast
TAKE NOTICE that I alary Lorraine
McBean of Port 1'rugrean. occupation
housekeeper, inland to apply for permission to purchase tho following du-
icrlbed lands:
Commenting bt a post plantod abnut 40
chains South West of tlio 8. K. corner
Lot 422, thonco about HO chains North
to Lot 422, thence 80 chains West,
thenoe aboat 10 during North to shoreline, thence Southerly and Easterly along
shoreline to point of nun men eminent and
eoBtatniag 200 acres moro or less.
Dated September Bib, 1019.
justico, right or "wrong," etc., thoy
taust eat; Therefore they must
work. And in general, ilrst the mode
of production, and secondly, how the
goodB aro distributed, determine tho'
social and political institutions of a
poople. And all the various institutions, political parties, craft unions,
industrial unions, religions, imperialisms ,ad infinitum, of today are tho
result of tho modo of production and
oxchange prevailing, or handed down
from previous forms modified to suit
tho present.
The present capitalist concept of
individualism, that is, individual
freedom and license for ■ himsolf,
which is the pet theory of tho pro-
Bent day society, is determined by
tho privato ownership of property in
the form of capital, and forms tho
basis pf tho greatest contradiction
iu capitalist socioty, namely, tho social, nature of production, and tho
private ownership of tho means of
lifo; to solvo which is tho historic
mission of the working class.
According to MoKinnoa craft
unionism is l^uch older than capitalistic society, which I confess is news
to mo. _ He describes tho Spartacan
rovolt in Bome, nnd comments on it
thus: "Their uprising was' doomed
to defeat. The lesion of all thia is
the futility of attacking tho stute instend of securing tho means of subsistence ,as the Soviet of Russia hns
done." Here is where the standard
of reason is used to uualyzo historical events. Shades of Bellamy and
Ingersoll!   What next!
Yes! Why did not the ancient
slaves of Rome adopt McKinnon's
idea, and "secure the 'means of subsistence?" Or why did not somo
wiso guy like him exist then? Then
the human race might have been
spared nearly 2000 years of slavery
and misery. Tho thing is too absurd
They, having political control for
ton years of a part of the Roman
Empire, by that very reason had access to the means of life. Otherwise
they would have died for lack of
food. To talk of them introducing
Communism at that dato, mownt to
turn tho clock backward, which was
impossiblo. and shows an utter lack
of scientific knowledge.
Let mc inform you, Follow Work
man McKinnon, that history is not
made or guided by human intelligence, but, evor since written history commenced, by class interests,
And always by tho material wants
and struggles of peoples, limited by
time nud place,
It is not a mattor of attacking tho
stute. It is a matter of getting control of; tho state. For whatever class
controls tho stato has the power,
both economio and political, the former by reuson of the latter. And
his allusion to thc Soviet Republic
of Russia, shows an utter lack of
knowledge of the Russian revolution,
or tho ideas and aims of that government, and tho men what nt pro-
sent fill its most Hiiportnnt offices.
And let mo also say that it is just
tho method of thought that McKin
non teaches tlmt is a menace to the
Workers Republic of Russin. To
wit, tho non-political undercurrent,
against the Bolsheviki,-ns expressed
by Olebov, who is against tin. employment of nny of the former Bourgeois intellectuals with technical
knowlcdgo of industry, which tho
Bolsheviki nro forced to use in tho
reconstruction of tho country for
lack of othor material.
Then follows a short history of
tho Knights of Lnbor, nnd comment
on tho A. P. of L. nnd tho I. W. W.,
and both the Austrnlian and Canadian O. B. U. And as far as the O.
B. U. hero is concerned, it mil become a powerful organization, if
guided by common senso and good
judgment. But if a certain element,
typified by McKinnon, get control of
it, wliich thoy apparently intend to
do or try to smash it, in tho hopes
that somo of tho parts may fit into
their pet schemo of things, as typified by tho Ust oonvention in July
of this year, where tiffey organized a
machine to got ocntrol of the organization for the I. W. W.
Then the Socinlists come under his
blows. Of course, I should be ox*
tcommunicated for being a member of
the O. B. U., and daring to speak for
ijhcm. It is no doubt that it is such
as myself that aro termed enemies to
Ithis organization. Very woll! Lot
our actions and timo decide.
Together with quite a numbor of
Bthor workers, including tho following: J. Kavanagh, W. A. Pritchard,
Joo Knight, Joo Naylor, ,RusseH and
Johns of Winnipeg, I happen to be
js member of tho Socialist Party of
Canada ,und those men played a pro-
biinont part in thc formation of tho
p, B. U., which, of course, I oaunot
lay claim to. But oa a delegate from
this uuion to Uiat GtXgeiy confer-
for Workers
In Order to Raise Funds for the Defence of the
Workers Arrested During the Winnipeg Strike
Workers' Liberty Bonds
Are Now Being Sold Throughout the Country
British Columbia's quota is $20,000
bonds are issued in three denominations, $1, $2 and $5
The Slogan, adopted in Winnipeg and Toronto is:
"A Day's Pay for Winnipeg
—Liberty Bonds for the
Make all monies payable to A. S. WELLS, Secretary of Defence Committee, 405 Dunsmuir
Street, Vancouver, B. C.
eleventh year. Wo. «   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      vancouveb, b. o. -
FRIDAY. Noverahcr 14,
To Form Women's
Auxiliary of Council
(Continued from page 1)
Here's a List of EXTRA SPECIAL SNAPS for Week
commencing Friday, November 14th. All Ooods are
guaranteed to be absolutely pure and fresh. Get the Self
Serving Habit—it Pays.
Kellogg 'a Bran, pkt 17c
White Swan Soap, pkt 27c
Wild Rose Pastry Flour,  10-
lb. sack _ 69c
Bird's   Egg   Substitute,   per
tin    18c
Currants (bulk), per lb 2Sc
Navv White Benus, 5  lbs.
for  26c
(Limit 5 lbs.)
White Swan Washing Powder,
per pkt :....30C
Dutch Tea Rusks, per pkt...20c
Malkin's BeBt Tea  .60c
Whito   Swaa   Haptha   Soap,
per bar  5yac
Begal Table Salt (cartons) Ue
| Sunlight Soap, 4 bars....25c |
Paciilc Milk, largo tin....ll'/2c
Eidgway's Old Country Toa,
por lb _ ....62c
Powdered Bath Brick, lb... 7c
Lemons, extra large, doz 35c
No. 1 Tablo Apples, 3 l!*s...25c
I Bluo Bibbon Tea, lb. ....65c I
Sweet Potatoes, 3 lbs 26c
Cranberries (best), lb 20c
Bon Ami, powdered or brick,
Union Hand Cleanser, tin..12c
Boyal   City   Bartlett   Pears,
large tin 39c
Dessicatod   Cocoanut,  per
lb 80c
Boyal   Crown   Naptha   Soap,
large bar  5l/,c
Chicken Haddie, per tin ....24c
Olu Dutch Cleanser, tin.:.... 9c
Custard Powder (Holbrook's)
for 12'/2c
Ramsav's  Soda  Biscuits,  per
pkt 25c
Supcrlativo   Sockeye .-Salmon. Mb. tin  32c
Utility Laundry Soap, 7 bars
for  25c
Rogers' Golden Syrup, 2s, 23c
5s, 52c; 10s 31.02
Pilot Brand Sardines, tin-...10c
Tomato Catsup, gallon tin..50c
Dyson's Puro Malt Vinogar
Quart bottlo  19c
Kellogg's Corn Flakes, per
pkt He
Best Jap Bice, 2 lbs .....31c
Buckeye Corn Meal, 5-lb. sack
for 40c
Sun Maid Seeded Raisins, per
pkt 20c
Australian Jams, per tin... 18c
B. k K. Rolled Oats (extra
eream), 7-lb. sack..-.47c
Empress Marmalade, in glass
jars   21c
Nabob Marmnlade, 4-lb. tins
for  :....79l
Wax Candles, large, 3 for..l0c
Wethoy's  Mince   Meat,   per
pkt .'..16Vic
* Doll .onto Corn, per tin ....24c
| Boris Brand Corn, tin..16c |
Washington—Eleventh-hour efforts
by Samuel Oompers to settle the
coal strike were met by an emphatic
declaration from thc government
that injunction proceedings would
bc dismissed the instant the strike
order was withdrawn, And not be
Chicago—To back up their charges
thnt some of their employers were
profiteering, striking butchers have
emened a large retail shop and sold
ait a profit porterboiHte steak at IS
cents a pound, veal chops at HI
cents a pound and hamburger steak
at 10 cents a pound.  .
St. Paul.—Warren Stone, grand
ehicf of tho Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, who is hero v attending tho northwestorn conference, declared that the "bituminous coal
strike is not settled, despite the acceptance of the mandate of the
courts. The time has not yet come
when the government of this country can be conducted by this process," Stone said.
Paris.—An election riot with
revolutionary revolutionary features,
occurred today in the small •industrial
towu of Dortan, Department of Ain,
whore extremists are numerous. The
Republican candidates wcro received with cheers of "Long live Lenine and the Revolution!" "Long
iivo tho Bolshevik!" Down with
the army and tho bourgeous!"
Winnipeg.—J. W. Grocn, secrotary
of the Dominion Postal Employees'
Association, stated that a nationwide strike is possible if thc govern
taent refuses to allow thc now ttalary
class!iications to bo retroactive from
April 1.
? ■ —. .....     ~
Toronto.—School teachers down
in Prince Edward Island, Canada's
smallest provinco, are talking of going on strike. And there seems to
be littlc'won-der. Like thoir fellow
workers in thut profession all over
the world, they are scandalously underpaid; especially iu tho rural districts. Last year thoy formed a
union, and now there is a threat of
formation, impossible to say the
outcome, as men arc highly indignant and refuse to act as strikebreakers. Striko being conducted
in exceedingly orderly munner. In
esistancc since September 22. Othor
camps in district operating under
union conditions.
"E. WINCH, ,
"Secretary Lumbermen 's
"Industrial  Union."
Credentials were received from
the Pile Drivers aiid Wooden Dridgo-
men. A communication from tlio
B. 0. Federation of Lnbor on the
formation of tho O. B. U, and calling on nil organizations thot hnd
voted for it to affiliate with the now
organization was received and filed.
A letter was received from the Bev
A. E. Cooke stating thnt he would
speak nt the next meeting. The
secretary stated he had writen to
Mr. Cooke accepting his offer, and
thc council endorsed his uction.
Following thc regular routine
business a discussion ou the methods
of finance and othor matters pertaining to the new organization
took plnce, the delegates taking part
freely in the debute, nnd a very interesting and instructive discussion
was carried on. Furthor discussion
of the questions will be held at
future moetings. Tho council ad
jounjed at 10 p.m.
Mob Breaks Into H ^quarters of
Communist Labor Party
In Oakland
Oukland, Cal—Nearly 400 former
soldiers and sailors raided Luring
Hall, headquarters of tho newly-
organized Communist Labor Party
here, early Wednesday morning.
After breaking in the doors of the
place, furniture, radical literature
nnd red flags were thrown through
the windows into tho street, where
they wcro destroyed iu a huge bon
Polico authorities say' thc raid
muBt have bcen carefully planned
for when thoy arrived on the scene
not one of the 400 men was in sight.
Tho party was warned that a raid
would be made on their hall. Tbey
waited around until midnight and
then went home. The raid took
place half an hour later.
Did you ever try lo rustle a sub.?
If not, why nott
(Continued from page 7)
John B. Clynes, M. P., secretary
of the Lancashire District of the
National Union of Genoral Workers,
speaking inthc-Shetdonian Theatre
at Oxford to an enthusiastic audience of students, on the great question of Lubor and Capital, is, perhaps, as typical us anything well
could be of tho new era.   ■
Cltas. M. Fickert, who had charge
of the framed prosecution" of Tom
Mooney, was defeated for -district
attorney by Matthew A. Brady, at
present police judge of San Francisco. Complete unofllcial returns
hImpw Fickert lost by more than 6000
votes, Fickert's friends bought
pages of the newspapers. to charge
Brady with being bolshevistic and
Pbone Bey. 221     Day or Night
Nunn, Thornton & Clegg
631 Homer St.  Vancouver, B. O.
Dublin.—Authorization to call a
general strike throughout Ireland if
tho British Oovernment refuses to
grant a passport for James Larkin,
Irish labor leader, hns Jicen given
the labor leaders by the conference
of the Irish Labor League. Jim Larkin is one of the many who has been
jailed in tho recent roundup in thc
States. '     •
El Paso, Tex.—Working mon in
Mexico are expected to engage in a
general strike withiit the next few
days, according to statements,'contained in Mexico City publications
received here. The workers,'all of
whom are affiliated with tho Mexican Confederation of Labor, are to
walk out on the receipt of a code
message. Tho government' is taking
steps to. handle tho situation.
General Olo Hanson, the intrepid
lycounv lecturer of Seattle, has given
the word: "Up, guards, ut 'cm.
Over thc top—this is a bnttle of
Americanism against unionism. Remember we accept no compromise or
surrender. The demand for a six-
hour duy, and' live day week is nn
In these days when value and true
worth are a different question you can
safely pin your faith to a firm whoso'
label is their guarantee of inside as
well as outside quality.
state, that so long as capitalism can
guarantee tho workers any semblance of a living, such ns thoy are
getting, that is provide them with
.onough jobs, aU tho forms of organ
ization you can think of, even if w«
were 100 per cent, organized in the
I O. B. U., or any other form of in
[ dustrial organization, it would not
make a revolution, Beeause a revolution is not made. It happens, when
the conditions for it are ripe, and
those conditions are, that capital can
no longer guarantee society a living.
. The Bolsheviki arc being blamed
for instigating revolutions in other
countries. But even if Russia were
to bo submerged under the ocean for
twenty years, it would not stop the
revolution in other lands. And the
working class will emancipate itself
in spite of the "Philosophy of Industrial Unionism," or. whether thc
works of Marx happen to be destroyed or not, aud in spite of and uot
because of this or that group. The
revolution is inevitable.
As to tho statement that we nre
constructing the shell.of the new society within the old in the form of
the industrial union, it is Utopian
nonsense. No onc can foretell what
is going to happen in the future, except from a negative viewpoint in
conformity with certain economic
laws. And furthermore, to deny
that unions will not have uu effoct
on the future form of society would
also be foolish. But not in the sense
that McKinnon means, Tho revolution will bo tho result of tho mass
action of the workers. How they
will accomplish it shall be determined by time u:id place, whieh may be
different in different countries. And
the thinkers and actors who will rise
to potjer then will prove the correctness or otherwise of Marxian teaching.
Mnn only deals with conditions ns
he fiiiijs them ,und only solves problems as they present themselves.
Any movement or person who advocates or prescribes n rocipo for a
revolution, is a Utopian dreamer, and
can be" damnified with Professor Left*
cock's, "The Unsolved Riddle of
Social Justice" us'ii criticism of Socialism, 1 would advise Fellow
Workman McKinnon to study and
inveslipat'e Mnrx before ho undertakes to eriticizo bis works, and not
erect a straw man of Socialism and
thsn begin to tour'it down.
Like ull anarchists, McKinnon's
philosophy is idealistic. He looks
upon the state, a. a shadow, and advises thc workers to pay no attention
to'it. And yet Debs, Haywood,
Thorn peon und ninny others ure imprisoned by.this "shadow."
Besides," let mc state hero, in Spite
of .the £nct,tha,t tlipy have ridiculed
political action, the I. W. W. is more
of a politicul than ah industrial organization. As the latter, it hus not
proved mueh of u success. And let
me make a suggestion here lo the
membership of this union, namely,
that a referendum vole bo tnken of
this organization to set) whether we
withdraw from the O..B. V. and affiliate with thc L W. W. Let ns
; hiiow where we slnnd. I am in
'iVivorbf keeping tho Q. B. U. clear
o? political organizations, including
tlio I. W. W. And alao that the unit
! nn mi til convention be thrown open to
tiie press and public. 10therwise our
organization will become a breeding
; ground for polico spies. There aro
l others who perform tho work of sueh
ft* well as if thoy were paid for it.
Beware of agents* provocateur. Thoy
are-very often self-styled revolutionists. ]( is time 'enough to use under,
ground methods when we are com
polled to -0 so.'
As to the comment of Editor Lind
berg on my last article ro economic
power, the laugh is on him. I wonder how many of us have absolute
control of our lives, ns far ns a living is concerned, which economic
powor really means.
Enough for the present
For Preaent Wear
Kaj'scf Chamoisette
Gloves in black, white,
light grey, dark grey,
taus, browns, mastic,
beaver and natural. Sizes
Si/a to 8 at $1.00 a pair.
Kayser Chamoisette
Gloves in tan, brown,
grey, sand, mastic or
natural with black stitched backs. Sizes 5y_ to 8
at $1.25 a pair.
Kayser Chamoisette
Gloves in white, grey, tan,
pongee or natural with
fancy stitched backs. Sizes
5- to 71/2 at $1.50 a
Double Chamoisette
Gloves in grey or white in
sizes 6i/2, 7 and 71/2, at
$1.75 a pair.
Silk Lined Chamoisette
Gloves in white, mastic,
pongee or brown. All sizes
at $2.00 a pair.
Chamoisette Gauntlets in
white, tan, grey or mastic,
in sizes 6 to V/_, at $2.00
a pair.
Children's Chamo i s e 11 e
Gloves in White, grey, mastic, natural or tan, in sizes
0 to. 6, at $1.00 a pair.
—Main Floor.
Despite All Opposition the
0. B. U. Continues
to Grow
575 Granville Street
Sey. 3549
"The United Statea has been at
war on an average of onee in .80
Postponed Conference to
Be Held in Winnipeg
at End of Year
The following circular letter is-
sued by the goneral executive board
of the 0. B. U. explains why tho
0, B. U. conference which wns to
huve been held in October, hns been
To the Workers of North America:
Thc conferenco that met Inst Juue
in Calgary to draw up the constitution of tho,0. B. U. could hardly
havu met under more inauspicious
Tho Winnipeg general strike had
been in eifect lor several weeks and
the Vancouver sympathetic strike
had just begun,
Numerous other places in the West
were oither on strike in symputhy
with Winnipeg or were having trouble of thcir own, Tho coal miners
of Alberta and B. C. were also ou
strike against a reduction of wages.
However, the little group of, delegates representing thc organised labor movement of Western Canada
went to work and prepared tho 0.
B. U. constitution.
During the last four months fifty
thousand copies of that constitution
have been distributed and it
been published in dozens of labor
papers ou the North American continent.
That this constitution would provide the machinery whereby the
working cluss could more successfully cope with the aggressions of
the capitalist class was immediately
recognized by thoso whose susteu-
unce depends upon the exploitation
of tho workers, and steps were taken
to destroy tho O. B. U; before it
wub born.
The Unholy Trinity
The story of the coulition of employers, government representatives
and international union organizers
that was immediately formed to
break the strikes ot Winnipeg, Van
couver uud the coal mining -districts,
is now n matter of history, but the
wholo of the story has not yet been
told. Tho accounts of the conferences hold by international labor
fakers with shipyard employers in
Vancouvor, the part played by the
representatives of the U. M. W. of
A. in tho running out of 0. B. U,
yenrs   since   the   Constitution   w,us | supporters from ftrumhcller, and tho
adopted,"  says   Senator   Culdc.r r,oE 1 intriguo at Winnipeg, all during tbe
Now York, "and tho qbject of .vot-h \ strike, will make a verv interesting
war hns been to prtjserve the Home.'
Yet we lind lhat to the niajorityi-of
people iu that country 'homo' moans
little more than a dwelling for which
they are paying rent."
Oklahoma City, Okla.—The federal
court in this city bus returned indictments against 17 mate and one
female member of tlio Commercial
Telegraphers Union who uro charge-;!
with "conspiracy, ngninst thc government, '' wben they suspended
work last summer to enforce a laving wage. Indictments hnvo also
been handed down against E, J. Gid-
dings, attorney for tho strikers; a
local police detective and u sympathizer.
While America is ulreudy in dread
of thc threatened conl famine this
winter, thc Co-operative Coal Supply
Association, representing 95 per
cent, of tho coal trude in all the
Scandinavian countries, has contracted with American mino owners for
their whole winter's supply.
The State of Alabama hns passed
a luw making all strikes illegal. The
Senate Interstate Commerce committee has favorably reported a bill
making railroad strikes illegal. Tho
Tonopah judge has issuod tin injunction forbidding the miners, thc right
to strike. In other words, thc capitalist system is committing suicide
as rapidly us possible.
Tho bill providing for insurance
against unemployment und requiring employers to provide the necessary funds, has passed its third reading in tho Queensland Legislative
story when it is told. *
Rapid Growth of 0, B. XT.
But despito ull opposition thc One
Big Union is a live rapidly-growing force in tho labor movement of
this continent.
Although tho first membership card
in the 0. B. U. wns not issued till
tho enrly part of July,'over thirty
thousand cards have been issuod to
duto and this does not include all of
the ten thousand members of the
Lumber Workers? Union, most of
whose members are' still carrying
thoir old Loggers' membership
curds, although tbey are part of tho
0. B. U.
Almost overy day the capitalist
press, none too gently lays the corpse
of the O. B. U. to rest, and informs
their renders that tho movement was
not known outside of Western Can-
ndad, still it is interesting to note
that our movement is growing steadily in Toronto, Montreal, Hamilton
and othor Eastern cities. 0. B. U,
units hnvo also been established nt
several points in California, also in
Chicago, Illinois; Toledo, Ohio; Great
Falls und Butte, Montana; without
any assistance'from the general executivo board, who havo found it
financially impossible to supply thc
demand from all ovor the continont
May Bc Trouble as
Result of Chase Strike
(Continued from pago 1)
Registered in accordance with tht
Copyright Act.
"Flu" Figures
SiniiMiiN compiled In tlie United
Mutes show that more Itvel were
lost there by iiifluenv.ii last Fall
tban by war. About 08.000 deaths
In Ihe number rIvcii unionjt lbe
Holdier* diiriiif. the war. During
the "flu" epidemic the mortality
waa more Hum 100,000. Author!-
tie* are now citllinu .mention to
the faet that careful attention to
personal hygiene and prophylactic i
measures would huve saved moit *
of' these lives.
The mode of entrance of (lie in-
flucnaiu    germ     (Hs    wlth    many i
others) Is through the mouth and *
none.   Physicians now declare tint ■
the person who aeca to it that his -.
teeth are free    from    doeny    and li
tartar und   his    j:ums    clear    of
pyorrhoea has little to  fear from *
the "flu" germ.    Proper cleaning _
of the mouth and  nas*]  passaKea
will   thus   beep    these    dangerous
bacteria away.
Don't put  off that matter of the ■
leifh ton ling.    Leaving all other    |
consideration at-lde, the cost of one
"flu" illness would pny your denial bill mnny timet* over.
Dr. Lowe
Ttae Dentistry
rhoie Sey. £411
Opposite Wooa wsrd'i
for (pesIters, organizers anil literature, ete,
Arrcet of 0. B. U. Supporters
Pritchard and Johns the two mem*
bers of tho general executive board,
who received the highest number of
votes at the Western Conference,
have to stand trial at Winnipeg next
month (with a number of others),
charged with something, thoy know
not what, arising out of thc Winnipeg strike, although the former Was
in Vancouvex. when that* striko began and was only in Winnipeg a few
days beforo hiB arrest; and tho latter was in thc city of Montreal and
did not return to Winnipeg until
the strike waa over.
Tho real reason for the arrest of
these men is that they have faithfully followed out the instructions of
the Westorn Conference that subsequently was endorsed by tho referendum, aud advocated the organization of the Onc Big Union of all
wage-workers. There .being nothing
in tho 0. B. U. constitution to make
it nn illegal organization, that oxecutivo committee of the capitalist
class, tho present Dominion gorern-
inent, has endeavored to crush the
movement by tho arrest of some of
its most active members. All this
opposition, however, has had tho opposite effect as tho workers naturally conclude thnt there must bo some
advantage to be gained for. thom in
n movemont that the employers aro
so anxious to keep them from joining.
Next Convention
With the extensive organization
work that is now taking place and
in view of tho trials of our comrades at Winnipeg, next month, tho
executive deemed it wiso to delay
the convention thnt was scheduled
for Octobor till tho end of the year.
Wo would urgo all Central Labor
Councils and district bottrds of the
Ono Big Union to prepare to send
representatives to thc first semi-annual convention of the One Big
Tho eonvention will bo held in
Winnipeg somo timo in '.Docombor,
1910, or January, 1920. A convention call will be sent out later giving full particulars as to dote, representation, otc.
On behalf of tho executive board,
Secretary, •
Industrial Unionism Wins
Last Saturday evening "Trade
Unionism vs. Industrial Unionism"
was thc subjoct of a lively debato by
thc members of the Federated Labor
Party Debating Club. Although thc
iifflrmutivc put up a very gooil cose
in defense of trado unionism, a case
that was as one of those prosont remarked, better thau lio thought
could .hnvo bcen prepared in defense
of ''such nn obsolete type of organization," the decision "was givon in
favor of the negative. Thoso debates arc to be continued every Saturday evening in tho Labor Parly
rooniB, 510 Dominion Building. Tho
subject for tomorrow night is, "Resolved that prohibition is in tho best
interests of tho working class."
This debating club is purely educational and members of tho parly are
invited to attend theso meetings
every Saturday night.
H, Kempstor of Bevelstoke, although at one timo a strong advocate of tho 0. B. V., has accepted *'.
job from the International Association of Machinists und is vainly trying to persuade his fellow workers
thu( ho is just ns good a rebel as
evor. Ho addressed a meeting of
tlui Federated Trader of C. P. R.
shop omployoes of Revelstoke and
mado n poor attempt to explain his
nttitude. His old shopniatcs, however, are through with him nnd will
not tolerate his presence. He is now
fllling the job formerly oceupiod by
R. B. Russell of Winnipeg.
Ask your grocer if his clerks are
in the.union!
—If You Are
in Need of
Warm Clothing to Protect Against
Winter Chill <
Men's and Women's Winter Garments
Men's Rubberized Tweod
Raincoats, assorted designs,
a real snap at—
$19.50 up
Men's Overeoats iu nil the
no west, stylos and materials; wonderful value at—
$19.50 up
Men's Suits ia the very
newest styles and materials; specially -priced thia
$25.00 Up
LADIES' COATS in up-to-
date styles, newest cloths
and colorings; exceptional
value at—
$20.00 up
PLUSH COATS in three-
quarter and   fidl   length
styles; specially priced
$39.50 up
t New York inodol; o:
emely smart and stylish-
$39.50 up
A special delivery of new Dresses for Fall
wear, in serges, silks, tricotines, etc. Priced
from-* ,'.'',,
$20.00 up
Opposite Province Office Seymour 1361
\ r
The political plot, to wreck the
Scandinavian Bank ef North Dakota—the Farmers State Bank—has
been frustrated.- Thc bank was reopened on October 25 and $45,000
was deposited tho flrat day.
Seattle—A new and comprehci
sivo shop steward system has bee
adopted by unanimous vote of Boi
or makers Union No. 104, of this cil;
Ovor 3000 ...embers of the local wci
in attendanco.
that your delegates may know the
; ivishoa of the man on tho job and
get  the benefit of his experiffneos.
Wires just received   from   Kani-
I loops aud Chase are to tho offect that
i.io Adams River Lumber Company
. is carrying oui its policy of flooding
j tlio Chase district with men seeking
employment, tho men having   been
'sent   from   the   prairie   provinces.
Tho   wires    read:    '' Town flooded
wilh broke men who don't want to
scab.    No accommodation   in    the
That "discretion -is the botter
part of valor" is generally accepted as being good tactics, but many
misunderstand what is meant by discretion. It is usually interpreted us
meaning "Go ensy," und "Lot
Georgo do it," or never do today
what ean bc put off tomorrow. But
discretion really means tho exercise
of correct judgment, mid it may bo
an act of wisdom to do today what
ean bo put ofl' to tomorrow on tho
principle that "a stitch in timo
eaves nine," or, if you prefer tlio
term, "Ho .strikes twice who strikes
quickly." This brings us to tho
matter which wc havo under consideration, namely, the black list
which is being prepared-by the employers for ^bo timo when it will
bc safe for autocracy to wago a
light to thc finish with tho loggers'
organization. That such a list is in
courso of compilation is obvious, to
anyone who knows anything of tho
workings of the employers' labor
agency! There you aro questioned,
listed and tiled for futUro reference.
What arc you going to do about it(|
It's easier, to kill a snake during its.
infancy than when it is full grown,;
and lho longer this agency is per-j
milted to cany out tli.o plun mapped
out for it, the more hitter and strenuous will the fight''be .when, it is
fought, und fought it will be sooner
or lator—sooner on.our terms, later
on the .bosses.'. If tho latter it
wilr not'bo before many. an. activo
worker in Hiis organisation haB been
starved from'pillar to naaL - 1
They Came Today
By Fast Express -
A RANGE of the peppiest
overcoats of the season—all Broadway, New
York models, right here to
the streets of Vancouver for
the young fellow.
COATS that carry
expression in
every line—a coat
stock that every
young man should be
interested in — the
best in town from
every angle — style,
range of patterns,
quality, materials fhd
values that speak ior
THE new numbers comprise styles you young
fellows have been looking for — the new high
waist - line, form - fitting
models, with large lapels,
knee length, quarter and
half-lined, in tweeds, and
with the swagger —Say,
boy! the best you ever saw
at the money—
$35 to $65
"Tour Mojioy'B Worth or Yonr
Money Back"
33-45-4749 Hastings St E.


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