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British Columbia Federationist Oct 10, 1924

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Array &
Industrial unity, strength
Sixteenth year. No. 41
I    -p- -
peportation Order $ ainst I. W.
W. Organizer Off )s Some
p£ writes a i s Itemed
|>f HiB Trial and of the Principles
.   of Movement to Which
He Belongs
![Notc,—Tho deportation order
gainst Sam Scarlett, a member and
rganlzer ot the I. W. W., bused on
he fact that he had been convicted aa
ne of the "poUtlcal prisoners" on the
ther aide ot the line during tho war,
Has caused Questioning in regard to
.hat trial, and the movement to
vhlch Mr. Scarlett belongs. For thiB
•eason, the editor has asked Mr. Se;wf-
ett to write a statement of that trial,
tad'of tho principles of the movement
whloh he belongs for The Foderationist, This is consistent with the policy
IDf The Federatlonist as an open forum
fof the working class, and does not, of
(coune, mean approval of this move*
ment, but ls intended to answer questions, which are being asked, and to
create an understanding of this organization.—Ed ltor. ]
[By Sam Scarlett]
(Continued from laat week)
Evon tlio Dead were Indicted
One hundred and Bixty-slx were indicted at Chicago for interference
with the war. Their names had been
taken from the list of ollicers of the
I. W. W. and from the flies of the
various papers going back to the
very inception of tho movement. Not
ull of those indicted were arrested.
One man whose name had been placed on the Indictment had been dead
for two yours before the war was
declared. None of the arresting officers being spiritualistic mediums, no
arrest was made, and no explanation
given as to how it was possible for
the dead to interfere with the war
alms of the United States. Another
man had quit tho I. W. W. movement
three years before, and had not belonged for thut period but he wus arrested and convicted. Another, Frank
Little, had been murdered In Butte,
Montana, but he was on the Indictment i'or violating the espionage law,
aJtffiugh he had been burled months
kt! the hiw wn* passed. ..One man
had written nlottcr to one of the papers, signing tt "RED." A search
for a red-headed I, W. W. was made
and the name of J. T. Dornn (Rod
Doran) was added to lhe indictment,
although afterwards It was proven
that the "RED" who had written the
article wns not Doran, ln fact it was
general knowledge that tho article
had been written by a lawyer in Detroit, who was neither red-headed nor
L a member of the I. W. "W.
Thirty-two Thousand Crimes—nud
The newspapers broadcasted tho
arrests, made all over the United
States at the fame time, and that the
indictment charged the commission of
82,000 crimen. The Imagination of
writers placed around these crimes.
But in the course of the trial It was
found that the number of crimes had
been underestimated instead of over-
.»;*.iV".!inicd. Tlie crimes were the clr-
cultitUm of 10,000 copies of the Industrial Solidarity, edited by Ralph
■Chaplin, the author of "Bars and
Shadows," one of the best selling
.books of poems now on the market,
| which advised the membership to
register for the draft as I.W.W.'s with
conscientious objections to war, and
sixteen thousand copies of the Industrial Worker, printed before the
war In whtch tho editor, J. A. McDonald, now speaking for the movement In Vancouver, had quoted
"Workera Fight Tor Your Homes,"
.•carried as a banner by the "Seattle
Times," and commented merely by
saying: "My home fs owned by a Jew,
I am going to let the Jew flght for
lt." The number of crimes were underestimated as the circulation of the
'industrial Solidarity, at thut time
was IK,000 and that of the Industrial
■Worker, 28,000 twice a week.
Tho ball In the case wus set at 10
J to IB thousand. Yet we found dur-
llng the course of the trial the unusu-j
| nl condition that those criminals
j guilty of 48,000 crimes were released
i on their own recognizance, Moro,
(theV were encouraged In some cases
|*to leave for parts unknown. But
f.such was the caliber of the men, and
'their sincerity to the idea for which
KJ they wero being tried that not one
| escaped. In fact before the trial, the
President of the United' States
(Continued on page ?)
Mrs. Rose Henderson s
Subject:  "Russia Undor a
Workers' Government."
Oct. 18—Ladysmith, 8 p.m.
Oct. 19—South   Wellington,
10:30 p.m.
Northfleld, 3 p.m.
Nanaimo, 8 p.m., St.
John's    Ambulance
(i.t. 20—Duncan, B. C.
Women and Children
Under Soviet Rule
• tBy Mrs. Rose Henderson]
'T'HE bolshevlsts of Russia, being un-
civilized, had no difficulty In recognizing tho equality of women and
the rights of children. It Is left to
civilized man to determine that woman is his Inferior and Insist she should
remain so by putting laws on the
statute books which prevent her from
participating in citizenship, the professions and the higher branches of
education, laws and restrictions which
women are now struggling to discard,
much to the chagrin of many highly-
educated and so-called civilized men.
Psychologists and all, save those who
still think In terms of the cave-man,
are agreed that the Influence of woman for progress or reaction is incalculable; and that the human race can
rise no higher than Its source, the
mother, who trains ana educates the
child during the flrst and most Impressionable years of Its life.
1 No one realized this biological truth
more than Lenin. No statesman ln
the most advanced democratic nation
has done as much to liberate woman
as Lenln did in the flrst year after
seizing power.
Under the czar, woman had no status; their conditions were appalling.
A man could get redress for an injury to his dog, horse or property;
but an assault on his wife or daughter
was of no importance, and coula
scarcely ever be redressed, particularly if the assault was committed by
a member of the ruling class, or someone wearing the uniform of the crown.
Women and girls were sold like
slaves to the owners of the big estates, not alone for thetr lauor powei*,
but for the satisfaction of the slave
owners. In the beetroot, tobacco and
flux fields, the mornl und physical conditions of these women and girls were
beyond description. Their food consisted largely of a little cabbage soup
and black bread; they were herded
like beasts of burdon in crowded
quarters with no regard for sanitation, no possible chance of personal
hygiene, or tn observe the common
decencies of life, nnd during pregnancy and infirmity, received less
consideration than their employers'
Mvestock. Large numbers of these
women died of preventable causes,
and the mortality of their offspring
amounted at times, to a veritable
slaughter of the innocents. The position of tho Russian men was bad;
lhe position of the Russian women
generally was beyond description.
They were looked upon as legitimate
prey of n selfish, plundering crew of
tyrants and parasites without feeling, who devoured their substance,
soiled their honor und enriched themselves off their unpaid labor, forcing
hundreds of thousands into that most
Its Social Effectiveness in France
—To Be Extended Far
as Possible
[From the Christian Century]
Justin Godurt, the new minister of
labor under tho I-Iorrlot administration, hns given elegant testimony to
tho social effectiveness of the eight-
hour day In Franco. This Is refreshing at a time when thc industrialists
of Oermany are sternly demanding
that lt be abolished there. M. Oodart
says that their law of 1019 has now
been made effective in thirty major
Industries, Involving five million men;
and that, us a result, drunkenness lias
declined, gardening and homo-building has Increased, and more time Is
given to reading, recreation and main other words, to live better
nnd to acquire the elements of culture
Is Improved when tho chance Is given.
Tlie eight-hour day has worked sn
well In terms of bettor humnn beings
that it will bo extended as far as
possible, In Qermany tho industrialists betrayed their lack of logic by
demanding Its abolition even when
millions were unemployed or under
employed. Thoy were out to kill tlie
principle which tho socinl democrats
had fixed as a corner-stone of the new!
Oerman industrial democracy. An
excellent illustration of the propn-,
ganda used In this country is given in j
the widely printed claims that the
Germnn railroads were piling up ai
deficit largely because nf the eight-j
hour day, and the accompanying In-J
cllnation of labor to shirk, now that]
they have a large part in government I
and in industrial control. As ln all!
partisan propaganda every consideration of truth and fact, wns violated
to make a case. The German rail-|
roads were gutted by tho wur, strip-
pod by the poaco settlement, compelled to keep trains running on huK;
loads, und were unable to keep rates
up to the level of material costs. The
men wero enervated and suffering
from war's overstrain, and wnges
could never keep in sight of living
costs ns the mark depredated, The
international labor conferenco of tho
league of nations, now In session, Is'
making the oight-hour day the chief
topic of discussion. European labor
Is committed to a charter of freedom. Where governments refuse to
provde for it, labor itsolf will attempt
to secure It by more direct action.
■^monstrous of all social horrors—prostitution. In 1917, 90% of the women
were illiterate, and not a law of any
kind to protect them. The law forbade women taking part in elections
and all educational and public activities. All sorts «^f .-obstacles wore put
In the way of women obtaining education or going Into the professions.
One of the flrst things that Lenln
did after seizing power was to remove
every restriction limiting the sphere
of woman. The soviet government
literally left not one stone standing
upon another of the evidence of the
degrading laws which denied the most
primitive rights to women, and placed
obstacles ln the way of their development and emancipation from serfdom.
Laws were placed on the statute
hooks, making them equal before the
law In the matter of divorce and the
guardianship of their children, giving
them equal political and economic
status and removing the stigma of
Illegitimacy from the souls of Innocent children. In Industry, women
vote and fashion the rules and regulations under which they work, Politically, she helps to make the laws
under which her family shall live, In
education and finance, she sits on
every board and has the right to enter
all professions; and a woman ambassador represents Russia in Norway.
The Russian woman of yesterday,
who was denied the right to share in
the protection of her home and the
building of the nation, is to-day
mothering and building her nation
co-jointly with the men, and making
her power and influence felt. On
"freeing woman," Lenln said, "woman
must remuin largely a house slave as
she was before the oppressive laws
were repealed. She Is still engrossed
In—and stultified by—the petty details
of household drudgery; she Is still
chained to the household and still engaged in the nerve destroying labor.
The real emancipation of the woman
can only begin when the proletariat,
at the helm of state, leads the fight of
the masses of women against the
system of petty housekeeping—can
only begin with the transformation to
socialist large scale economy."
People's restaurants, creches, kindergartens—these are the modest beginnings of a process which, when
fully developed, will emancipate women and remove sex inequalities.
These means are not new. They
are, as Indeed nre all, the essential
conceptions of socialism, created by
nn highly-developed capitalism. But
In capitalist states, they remain oither
commercial with all the inevitable
elements of speculation, profit snatching, fraud and falsehood, or else tho
offspring of burgoolse philanthropy,
rightly despised by the right kind of
workers. There is no doubt thut these
Institutions will incrense In number
nnd change in character. Women of
tho working and peasant class show
a considerable amount of organising
ability. They have proven their ability to enrry out schemes of the utmost Importance and that—without
a greut show of oratory, without tho
quarrelling and Idle talk about j
"plans," "systems," nnd so forth, those
eternal weaknesses of the Intellectuals
and the half-baked communists who
do not concern themselves sufficiently
wilh the wolfare and importance of
This is tho pica for, as well us the
tribute pnid to, women by one wbo
wns heralded throughout tlio cnpltnl-
Ist press ns sanctioning tbelr sox enslavement—a lie so base and so vile
he unworthy of comment, It
Is another evidence of the low moral
(Continued on page 4)
F.LP. Special Meeting 15k Months of British
A Special meeting or Uie execu-
■^ tive committee of tlie Federated Lalior party ist B. C. will
bc held at 819 Pender street on
Tuesday evening, October 21st,
at 8 p.m. Important buslnob
will bo transacted; delegates
from Burnaby and other
branches will bo in attendance.
Wont the City to Demand Heavy
Bonds from Auto-renting
Restaurant Employees Left Out of
Eight-hour Bill—Re
T^HE reglar twice-a-month meeting
A of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor council was held lost Tuesday
evening at headquarters in the Holden block. There was a good attendance of delegates. It waB urged to
request the city council to demand
heavy bonds from automobile renting agencies.
Delegate Birt Showier of the milk
drivers, reported that another member of the union had been caught by
"an intoxicated joy rider" on Granville street bridge and seriously injured. In thie case the driver of the
offending vehicle was caught and
given thirty days in Jail.
"If the police would get out early
some morning and take a check of
the number of drunken parties that
race across the bridges In the early
hours, they would be astonished,"
said the delegate. "And as it is necessary for the members of my union
to gd to work early In the momlngB,
they are the victims. I would certainly urge that the city council be
asked to legislate to control the irresponsible joy drivers."
A letter from attorney-general A.
M. Manson was read, stating that the
woman factory Inspector had been
appointed according to law, and had
proven satisfactory. The minister
asked for co-operation of organised
labor with her work:1
A delegate was appointed to join
a general delegation which will appear beforo Premier King nnd ask
for more restrictive legislation in
connection with racing in British Columbia.
It was decided to reaffirm the desire of thc council for a general
eight-hour day. The mntter was
brought up by by Delegate Oraham
of the Hotel and Restaurant Employees' union, who said It hnd been
learned that his craft had been left
out of the bill which is to he put into effect the beginning of next year.
The suggestion is to urge an amendment at the next session of the legislature, asking tbnt the law apply to
all classes of work.
A. P. of Ij. Convontion
Tho 44th annual convention of the
American Federation of Labor will tic
held ut El Paso, Texas, commencing
Monday,  November 17th,   1324.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall It to a friend.
South Vancouver Labor Party Is
Formed—H. V. Rankin
At a well-attended meeting held
on October 3rd, the Soutli Vancouver
Labor party wns organized. 11. V.
Rankin wus elocted chairman and II.
W. Speed, secretary, Mrs. Drummond was chosen as delegate to the
C. L.  P. council.
The next meeting of the newly-
formed party will take pluce on October 17th, In the Municipal hall.
Eraser avenue, when Mrs. Rose Hon*
derson, F. A. Browne, M. L. A., and
Harry Neelands, M. L. A,, will bo
present and address tho gathering.
Soriul Welfare. Congress
Arrangements are now complete
for the Socinl Welfare congress to bo
held In St. Andrew's Sunday School
hall, Richards slroot, Monday nnd
Tuosday, October 13 nnd 14. Among
the speakers will be Miss Bondfleld,
M. P.
Labor Government
[Nemesis] *
A PAMPHLET under the above
heading, published by the Independent Labor Party Information
committee, London, has come Into my
During the recent election in Vancouver, a working man was asked to
vote for the labor candidates and indirectly, of course, for himself. His
reply was, "My grandfather and
father always voted conservative; so
have I, and I always shall,"
Comment on the above would be superfluous. Anger, contempt and tears
would be wasted. Believers ln the
efficacy pf prayer might get busy,
even that would seem to be hopeless.
Yet I am trying to locate that mental
abnormality, to present him with
the above-named pamphlet when
I have done with it. Qod only knows
If it will open hia mentally atrophied
eyes or not.
Every working man should read
this publication which proves how, in
the teeth or selfish opposition from
the old parties, the British labor government has worked in the best Interests of labor and precisely what It
has accomplished In its behalf.
Furthermore, it has utterly discredited the notorious remark of the insolent son of an arrogant lordling that
Labor Ib unfit to govern."
Yet I will agree with that colossal
egotist if he will let me humbly finish his arrogant assertion thus: "Labor is not fit to govern in the capitalistic way—for it is absolutely ignorant of the diplomatic chicaneries,
necessary in the working of a system
which is the direct antithesis of true
morality and sane logic."
After reading the pamphlet, one is
astonished that the British labor government has been able to accomplish
so much for labor with the means at
Its command; for It must be remembered that it has only the capitalist
machinery to work with—as yet; but
It has done what it could with that
machinery. This should be kept in
mind by those who feel disappointed
with Its accomplishments: for lt has
proved by what It has done in a short
bIx months that it knows the needs of
labor and Is in absolute sympathy with
those needs. It has demonstrated
clearly that labor Is the only party on
earth that can ultimately bring com
tentment and peace into* our chaatic
and suffering world—a world prolific
of good things for the comfort of all,
but in which only a minority of non-
producers can enjoy them to the fun.
This lahor government  knows that
3 live in a world of make-believe:
that our civilization ts a sham: our
justice a colored myth nnd our professed Christianity contradicted in all
our worldly dealings and it knows
that the causo of these deplorable
truths lies in the social system itself:
hlch Is an outgrowth from greed and
selfishness. It Is heavily handicapped
by the machinery It has to employ:
yet It looks forward with hopo and
onfidonce to tho great day of human
It would lie impossible to deal in a
short article with all the British Jubor
party lias accomplished in those short
six months; yet a brief outline wtti
prove that Its vision is clear and true:
and that its sympathies are with the
disinherited of the earth: whose clamoring cries in all. lands are filling the
hearts of those that sit In the hlgn
places   with   a   fearful   foreboding.
This pamphlet clearly shows thnt
the lnbor party has brought a more
peaceful and hopeful' outlook Into
European affairs. It has accomplished this by open and straightforward
diplomacy ami an earnest desire for a
'lasting world peace which has .-not
only appealed strongly to the workers:
but also to the advanced thinkers of
all sections of society.
It has mitigated the tortures of unemployment by establishing huge enterprises which, by absorbing much
unemployed labor, has relieved thc
appalling distress.
It. has cheapened many commodities, Including tea, sugar, coffee, fruits
and other necessities, thus relieving
to some extent the housewives' anxiety.
It has provided for the building of
workmen's houses and for the letting,
of them at a reasonable and just rent.
It has improved the soldiers' pensions and taken the thrift disqualification from the old age pensions,
It has made some radical changes
in education    by    abolishing   school
a; decreasing the size of classes;
restoring state scholarships and endeavoring all round to Inaugurate a
system of true education In place of
the system of Instruction In vogue in
all countries outside the frontiers ot
It has made a great and not altogether unsuccessful effort to Increase
wages and to reduce the cost of commodities. In all other ways, too, It
has worked tn the best interests of
labor, and has accomplished the maximum amount of good with the machinery at its command.
But, most promising of all, it has
animated the heart of labor the world
over so that In the near future we
may see all the great countries oi
the earth with labor at the helm, and
then the time will be ripe for the advent of the true commonwealths in
which each worker will receive the
full benefits bf work done; when all
will be equal and free; when Ignorance wtll no longer darken and deaden
the minds of men; when the hunger
wolf will be driven from human
dwellings for ever, and the sun of
happiness wtll rise and shine upon
the whole of mankind.
These are not mere dream-
thoughts, but fact-thoughts whose
fulfillment nwatts us In the near
Absolutely Wrong in Principle-
Victims in Grip of Exploiters for Years
Why Is it that In the richest nation
of the world those who produce the
wealth should alone be poor? What
helD_,;icap^^ou^ expect from those who
believe Ihey ca"n only lie kept rich in
proportion ns you are kept poor
Keir Hurdle.
The reconstruction of socioty on a
scientific bnsis is not only possible, but
It is the only political object worth
working for.—Charles Kingsley.
The parliament of British Columbia
will moot fnr the despatch of business on Monday, October 27th.
Kirli and Poor.
The present position which wo, tho
educated and well-to-do classes occupy, Is that of the Old Man of the
Soo, riding on the poor man's bnck;
only, unlike tho Old Mnn of the Sea,
we are sorry for tho poor man, very
sorry; and we will do almost anything foi' the poor man's relief. We
will supply him with food sufficient
to keep him on his legs, but we will
teach and instruct him and point out
to hi mthe beauties of the landscape:
we will discourse sweet music to him
nnd give him abundance of good advice. Yes, wc will do almost anything for the poor man, anything but
get  off his hack.—Leo Tolstoy.
Tyranny Is power without right,
and superstition Is credence without
evidence.—Put rick  Edward  Dove.
Will I III C. I. P.
Trades and Lahor Council of Cal
gary to Keep Out of
A Calgary, Alia., press despatch
states thnt the Trades nnd 'Labor
council of thnt city will not affiliate
with the Canadian Labor party. A
recommendation to this effect mnde
by the executivo comlttoe of the
council, was concurred in nt a general meeting by n vote of 23 to 10.
The main objection raised was tlmt
the trades council was formed to discuss and Icgislntc on industrial mat-
lers only, and 11 was courting suicide
to affiliate with a purely political
body at this time.
Sunday Evening, October 12th
At 8.00 p.m., at the
136 Hastings Street East
Comrades FRANK BROWNE, M. L. A. for Burnaby, and ANGUS McINNES
will be the speakers
Subjects: "Our Social Outlool;" and "Socialist Education vs.
Capitalist Education."
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. C.
' Bolivia
Labor Law Enforcement,—Regulu -
tlons for tho enforcement of tin laws
concerning workmen's compensation
und compulsory savings by workmen
have heen Issued.
Settlers Expected.—Colombia which
is an unlimited amount of gaud
land, Is expecting an Increasing number of settlers from continental European countries, United states immigration restrictions arc snld to l»e
ono of the sources of tho anticipated
diversion of Immigrants.
Costa lltoa
Labor Shortage.—Building activities, which are continually Increasing, have caused an acute labor shortage in Costa Rica. The wuges paid
common laborers have, In consequence, risen rapidly.
Unemployment — Unemployment
uu.i its atlon dam distress, among the
Injuring classes, appour to be on thoi
Increase in the Rhlneland and West-j
Facts and Figures Gathered from
Clinics by Sooial Workers of Canada
(By Mrs. Rose Henderson)
rPHE principle of child Immigration
Is absolutely wrong.      It wrongs
the child coming in and it wrongs the
child already here.
This question has reached a point
where It can no longer be looked upon
as a philantrophic adventure,! on the
part of pious and patriotic people, to
save the children and help the motherland.
It must be discussed from the hard
facts of political and economic expediency and the Injustices recently
recorded in the press against the child
Even a most superficial study of
facts will be sufficient to point out the
dangers of this scheme of child Immigration; a danger not only to the Innocent victims who, under the hypocritical guise of philanthropy, are
brought Into this country to supply
the dethand for cheap labor, and
thereby lower the standard of Ufe of
the people In Canada.
"Child immigration originated In
the desire on the part of the poor
law authorities ln Britain to rid
themselves of the responsibility of
providing for the Children in their
charge, who were prevented by lew
from working in the factories, so they
conceived the plan of shipping them
to the dominions," Bays the Manchester Guardian. During the post year,
five immigrant children, coming from
England to Canada, have committed
suicide. Frequent reports are coming
from other sources of these children
being exploited and brutalized In the
most merciless fashion. Child immigrants aro employed on farms and in
sweat-shops industries, in ch^eap res*
tuurants and domestic service. They
are employed for almost nothing, and
compelled to pay, out of their meagre
wage, their passage money which
keeps these child victims in. the gjlp
of theh* exploiters for years. Stories"*
of the most brutal treatment of child
immigrants liavo appeared not only
In the Canadian but also In the British and European press. These reports threaten the good name of this
dominion and must not continue. This
form of child slavery became so distasteful In South Australia that the
flrst thing tlie lnbor government did
when elected was to abolish child immigration—lock, stock and barrel.
Canadian public opinion must rise to
the occasion and do likewise.
A Ind of fourteen years was compelled to work on a farm such long
hours and received such brutal treatment that he hid himself away und,
when found, was frozen to death. A
little  gh-1  of  eleven  in   Alberta  had
>th hands and feel frozen and had
have her toes amputated. In
weather below zero she had cold
water thrown on her and was loft
almost naked out in the cold. To add
to her miseries her mistress wonld tie*
muml thut she put out her tongue.
When «lie did so she would hit her
so hard under lho chin thnt her teoth
almost penetrated through. No form
of slavery is so inw and unjustifiable
IIS   till
a Imno
si-il upon lu'liiloss little
an, unit
tin* nntion permitting
(Ills tr
nllle Is 1
imiiHl to rpap the uhlrl-
■ly.  Hi,*
flrst   i*hnn*o  on   every
inii'iit, <
mlllnn Itself civilized, Is
tin* |„
i nml  cure of lis elillil-
re i'.
Is It
— According
official estimates, Poland's number of
unemployed is 136,000, and tbe Industrial situation is causing considerable
nn,   The govornment is taking ex-
Slvo measures in order to alleviate
the condition of the unemployed
Farm Land Vnluo.—it is said that
price of farm land lias become much
higher than Ils productive value, a
condition which Is not favorable to
the lowering of agricultural products.
Keller Measures Discontinued
Rocogniislng that an abnormal unemployment situation no longer exists
in Switzerland, tho federal council lias
definitely suspended all uld to tho unemployed,
C. s. I ml us trial Accidents to Minors
Official reportB show thut 7,47s Industrial accidents to young wnrkers
under Ul years of ago occurred in one
yenr in threo states—Wisconsin, Massachusetts and New Jersey—according
to a study Just completed by tho
Children's bureau of the U. S. dopnrt-
jment of labor. Thirty-eight of these
accidents resulted In denth and 920 in j
partial disablement for life.
.(range that a wealthy and
ureal empire uke England, is the only
nation jn the world exporting her
young children as she does her coal,
Btce], cotton ami other commodities?
ir the bolshoviats ur Russia or the
Huns of Germany sought to dispose
of their needy children in this fashion,
our press and pulpits would ring and
our nood pooplo would he hard put t"
It. tu lind language strung enough to
condemn them—and rightly so. Surely, a nation that has added four thousand million pounds to her surplus
wealth   during  the   war,   which   sonds
out for foreign Investments not less
thnn two million pounds annually nnd
finds 806 million pounds to pay Interost on .war loans, 207 million pounds
for the fightltng forces and spends one
million pounds per dny on liquor,
(Continued on pnge 3)
Mr. J. S. Woodsworth's
- —Itinerary	
Oct. 19—At the open forum
in the First Congregational I'lllin.l. nt
'i p.m. This discussion will be brontt-
cnslctl. Clinton in if
yon ennnot como.
Oct IB—Al the Royal thoatro, nl 8 plin.
Oct-20—New Westminster,
Oct. 23—Naitaimi).
Od .24—Knst Burnaby, (.*•<*
FRIDAY Ootober 10. 19
British Columbia Federationist
Published every F
The   British   Columbia
iday by
BnitiiiMs ntnl Editorial OALcp, 1129 How*, St.
Tho polity of Tlio 11. C. Foderntionist 'is
controlled by tlm editorial hoard of tlie Frd-
erated Labor Parly _t lii-itiwJi Columbia.
.Subscription Kato: United Stutes and Foreign, $!),00 per year; Canada, $'2.50 per
year, $1.50 for eix monlhs; to Unions 6iih-
Meriting in & body, lOe per member pet
■ ■ ...'■■'
The   Foderationist  is  on satu  at  tlio   following news bttuids:
E. J. GALLOWAY P10 Granville Street
  1071 Granvillo Streot
P. 0. NEWS STAND 32ft Granvillo Street
JOHN GREEN  205 Oarrall Struct
 Cor. HSBtlngs and Columbia Avonuo
 Cor. Cavriill aud Hustings Streets
 131   UasUngB  Slroot  East
 135 Hastings  Street East
 103 Hat-tlngo Street West
 Cor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
W. H. ARMSTRONG 2102 Main Street
EEN TOON'S BOOK SHOP 121 Granville
BOULT'S BOOK STORE.. .313'/a Gambia St.
 00B Georgia Street West
 518 Georgia Street
FROCHNAU & GATES....lOB Broadway East
P. TURNER 915 Main Street
R. A, WEBSTER 5003 Frasor Street
SHOEMAKER & McLEAN ...5 Lonsdale Avo-
A. MUNGEAM 754 Columbia Stroot
DEPOT NEW STAND Interurban Depot
DAN MACKENZIE Columbia Street
 Cor. Yatos anil Government
HORSE SHOE STAND..1223 Government St.
W. LEVY 644 Yates Stroet
T. A. BARNARD .'.68 Commercial Streot
W.  H.  DENHAM News Stand
 204 Eigtatli Ave. W.( Oalgary
 109 Eighth Ave. W., Calgary
 304 First Street W.
Centre Street, Calgary
 126a Eighth Ave. E., Oalgary
 810 Second Street E., Oalgary
FRIDAY October 10. 19^4
r\N Wedneaday evening, Premier
MacDonald, In his wisdom, saw
flt t0 accept the vote of censure, passed by the combined opposition forces,
as meaning hla government's defeat.
No doubt, fear, on the Part of the
opposition, compelled them to eall n
halt to the first labor government.
When this government, With the consent of the conservative ond liberal
forces was allowed to take over the
reins of olllce—but not of power—
there lurked in their minds, no doubt,
the hope that labor would be a dismal failure.
The reverse has been so, however,
and, in spite of all that the reactionary fores could do—and yet retain a
semblance of decency—the first labor
government has beon successful beyond the hope of the most sanguine,
especially SO in the realms of foreign
affairs and finance.
Fearing—and not without a good
reason—that labor is gaining the
confidence of the electors to such an
extent as to endanger the power of
th Dictionary parties, they feel compelled to call a halt. The adherents
and followers of the principles of labor have every reason to feel encouraged, yes, even jubilant. Our
Information from those In intimate
touch with the labor movement in
England is that labor will tuke very
great gains, and will, undoubtedly,
be the strongest party in the British
house of commons, if not the holders
oi a working mnjority over all.
The alms and Ideals of labor are
too high, and the earnestness and
sincerity of every true tabor adherent
is too powerful a force for the ravages of capitalism, in Its most ruthless form, to more tiian slow It, at
times, in its progress,
then in power, or did not contribute
as they should to the political funds,
they would, undoubtedly soon be out
of business. What could be done in
tho case of the bootleggers could be
done to others in  similar callings.
The people of this province Bhould
move very slowly in this connection.
They want to see to it that no more
power is placed in the hands of political heelers than they, in our opinion, already havo. H would appear
to be, though It might be questioned
by some, an not without juat reasou,
that we bad better keep the control
much  *
the requests of the workers but the
boot, while from a government depending on labor to keep their feet
from slipping out of the Iced trough,
something might be had.
How we should vote when there is
no candidate In the field representing the views, the hopes and aspirations of the working class, is not of
vory great importance. But it is important that a working class candidate should be put forward whenever
possible, if for no other reason than
to get the workers in the habit of
discussing their own problems from
their own  point of view, and voting
us bodies h
and nbout Vane
iH'i-il   not   I
u  tho  less  ettec
:■ auch clroi
rpHESJa periodic
1      our dives an
Id  stop,   let   aio
i\v   why
start, in
ou will
lions and  ideas expressed
ijiondents are not necessarily
by  The   Fedorationist,   and
usibllity for the views expres-
icepted by the management. I
.'Cble-Minded Children
B. C. Fedorationist:  I hope
touches us more closely, and it hurts.
It demands prompt action. We must
throw off the incubus. This is no
party question. Men of all parties, in
growing numbers, ai'e having their
eyes opened to the monstrous inefficiency of the present system. Even
ministers and ex-ministers are uneasy
about it, for the system puts them in
n false position. Naturally, the men
best qualified to win a party fight are
as a rule not qualified to run a complicated business, which requires ab-'
solute impartiality, careful regard to
facts, and strict subordination to reason, as well as long training and
special experience.
"In the very untitle of things," the
commission's chairman frankly declared, "a minister is charged with
keeping his departmonl largely In
touch wilh tlie politicnl fortunes of
his party." This, n( course, is a
rflt kind. As a poll-
nister has to please
manager of a de-
tnd paid for by the
a Plain honest duty
Case of Scarlett
(Continued from page 1)
sen mini of the wi
ileal chief the m
his partisans; a:
partment owned
Whole eountry. li
Is   to  disregard
through Frank P. Walsh, offered
complete release providing we would
cease tho organization work of the
movement during the 'period of the
wnr, The President of the United
States was willing to take the word
oi' these multi-criminals and to turn
them all loose on socioty. Not ttbls
alone, but such was the caliber of
these criminals that not one of them
was willing to accept this offer,
At tho end of Lhe ease, all wero
convicted after the jury had reviewed
a ease which had taken from April 1st
to August 17th, 1917, in fifteen minutes. The sentences I'm- German spies
and enemy agents had been two years.
Men against whom not one word of
ovldoh.ee had been    Introdti
miscarriages of justice in the history
of tho United States, on which the
deportation order against me was
Tlmnks to the fact that the labor
bodies of Canada can get together
when the liberties of all aro meneanc-
ed, the deportation warrant against
mo has been quashed. But the law on
Mich it was based which makes
'OSslble the deportation of British
ubjects at the bidding of a secret
tribunal without possibility of recourse to judge or jury is still on the
statute books, and labor should not
stop its agitation against thi.-: law until it iy repealed.
oi   ride
ning opposite |
ng the
'(1   lo
eptioii of tht
embers of Lhe
■ere twenty-ln
S ..II the evict
a, ten n
of nn
odd   ga
dnion that the few
mi-go.v" that ihe
be indulging in,
are but a trivial menace compared
with the bootlegging and houses of
ill-fame that are reported to be operating throughout this city—and we
believe that they are nut being- run
by  China'men   either.
We hear of but few, If any, Chinamen being brought before our courts
for operating any such resorts as
these. Then why all this camouflage?
Our olllclals would be well advised to
deal with the conditions as they are,
arid not try to blame the Chinamen,
We hold no brief for tbe Chinamen,
but we hold much less for any of our
officials  who  indulge  in any sort of
mouflage at the expense of other
nationalities. We would advise starting around Shaughnessy Heights and
working in towards tlie city.
DUCATION is the drawing out of
power in a character, not the
putting in of information into tlie
mind; and Its chief product is not
knowledge, nor success, but power—
power of mind and body, guided by
power of will, To attain tliis end,
teachers must be most carefully chos-
and more adequately remunerated; and large sums of money must be
spent on sub-division of classes and
on the adornment of school buildings.
When the classes are too large, the
weakest pupils—just because they
are the weakest—go to the wall; but
just because tbey are the weakest
they ought to get the most time .and
help from the teacher. And the
difference between so-called social
classes is one of taste only, not of
humanity; and taste is habit, which
can be taught! If children are surrounded with beautiful sights and
filled with beautiful thoughts, they
will become beautiful jn mind and
body. For beauty is not skin-deep.
The main beauty of any face depends
on a maze of little muscles and nerves
beneath the skin, which themselves
depend absolutely on the brain; and,
if the brain is occupied with whut is
pure and brave and beautiful the
effect will be shown in the face.
ber of I
CT7HEN one looks at ihis question it
" would appear, at first blush,
that It would be a good Idea to have
the police ull under one provincial
head. In this way, co-operation
woutd be much more iu evidence and,
furthermore, a considerable amount
of expense, necessitated hy unnecessary overlapping overhead charges
could   be  eliminated.
There is one grave danger, and in
r humble opinion, n very grave
danger, and, that. Is, that our police
forco, thurf organized, will become
the paid servant of one or other of
tho political parties which might
happen to be In power. Under such
ti siuto of affairs we would soon have
n • ,• nnod In our midst a "Tammy"
form or administration that would be
revolting to every decent, self-respecting, and  intelligent citizen.
Bootleggers, if thoy were favorable
to the government, might be assured
of absolute protection for the carrying on of their nefarious trade.      If
AVE been asked by almem-
the Vernon local of (the P.
L. P. as to how members of the party
should vote In an election In which
there is no labor candidate. Our
correspondent informs us that in the
recent by-election in the Okanagan,
where the candidates were liberal
and conservative, considerable discussion took place among members
of the purty as to what tlieir attitude
should be. Should members of the
party, without taking any part in the
eleetion come to a tacit understanding among themselves to support
either candidate, or refrain from voting altogether. The party has no
hard and fast rule covering the point.
As n matter or principle, we would
say that in case no lalior or socialist
candidate was In the Held, wo would
hnve no Interest in the election, and j
would, therefore, refrain from voting.
The reason to*- this line of action,
or luck of action, is obvious, as to us
there Is uu difference between the
liberal und conservative party. They
both stand ror the same thing. They
both look upon the earth and the
fullness thereof as a bnsis for levying
toll upon human needs instead or I'or
use by all mankind. We look upon
the natural resources of the world as
the common property of the human
tamily to be used to promote Its happiness and administer to the welfare.
The line of demarcation is quite clear
and confusion on the point Js impossible.
As -a matter or principle, then, we
would sny, If you cannot vote the
labor ticket, do not vote at all. However, from a tactical point of view.
it might be In order to vote ngainst
either party. Notice that we say
vote against. Of course, you cannot
vote ngninst one party without voting
for the other, but the purpose Is not
to help tho one but to embarrass tbe
In the Okanagan eleeiion, we think
it would be good politics, from a
working class point of view, to vote
for tho conservative candidate. A
•liberal government with a safe work-
about a feeble-minded'child in New
York, in which tlie paper freely expresses Its opinion. U appears some
of ibe doctors wish to put tliis child
to death with thc least possible suffering; some of tlie doctors, it appears, are against this. Dr. A. Spier
suggested, "Let it die of hunger"—a
new form of baby-killer; This affair
is attracting considerable notice, for
more heasons than one. The inference is obvious.
Now, then. Mr. Editor. I hope you
will bear with me. I enclose a copy
of the article, by whicli you will understand better what l mean. I
should like your opinion, if you can
spare the time, about tlie average
child in school. 1 mean, by this, the
child who cannot accept or is , not
receptive to instruction, wbo does not
possess the average standard of Intelligence to pass through school successfully. Don't you think they
should he put out of existence as an
act of kindness? There are vast
numbers of people here, and in Europe, unable to fit in anywhere—a
burden to themselves, insulted freely
on account of their so-called lack of
intelligence. Therefore, if the state
allows a sub-normal child, not idot,
fo grow up nnd reproduce, the latter
must?he easy prey of the normal
Poverty, under our social system,
is classed as a crime. If the state
were consistent, it would carry out
Its decree, ror that is the verdict or
the state here. The government
ought to establish lethal chambers
for that purpose. Instead, they allow
all this crime—prostitution, suicides,
etc.—to accumulate until we get
what is called a crime wave; people
are found dead, to all appearances
having met a violent death, and nobody knows anything about it. If
the theory fs correct, about this subnormal stuff and vice versa, why does
not the stnte do its duty? Is it afraid
of something, some hidden power to
which it will be answerable? It is
not afraid to Inflict punishment on
the adult, later on, for poverty. Is
there anything more cruel or barbarous, worse than murder, to let a
child die of hunger nud to allow these
conditions to continue when the state
has the cure and wilfully refuses to
apply  it?    What Is the matter?
I should like, Mr. Editor, if you
would find time and space to give
your opinion on this. I think you
can, as I have been n reader of The
Federatlonist for several yoars. One
article I noticed lately, nbout whether the mind survived after death, interested me greatly; I have thought
along the same lines myself: If you
ean elucidate the above request for
me, I will be greatly obliged. Tlie
writer in the Sun is too excited about
people who have money and those
who have it not to deal with this in
a sane manner; he talks like a person Insane.
Trusting you will see fit to give us
something on this subject in your
paper, I nm, yours sincerelv
Now Westminster, B. C, October
'a command, nol
they may be, "in-
uraged, construe- j
.on full play, aud .
are at variance j
of   the   depart-1
Uh .LI
We want no distatorshi]
Parliament must remain
the last resort, whatever
delegate to those chosen to managi
our business departments on account
of their special capacity. Put one
thing is sure as death—this country
can no longer afford, and must not
consent., for the sake of an antiquated
ystem and those who proflt by it, to
raw! from year to year nt the pace
if a senile tortoise or a centenarian
snail. II. A. KENNEDY.
Lacombe, Alberta, Oct. I. 1024.
"A Neglected Centenary"
[Christian Science Monitor]
rpHERE was much truth in what W.
A. Appleton, the general sectary
of the General Federation of Trade
Unions iu Great Britain, wrote recently in its quarterly report, under the
heading of "A Neglected Centenary,"
when   he   staled:
It Is 1924 and just 100 years since
trade unionism became a legal possibility; but who knows, who cares? No
meetings have been held, no demonstrations and no expressions of thankfulness In respect of nn act which did
for the common people very much
what Magna Charta did for tbe nobles.
Few will deny that probably nothing In the history of Groat Britain so
conduced to beneficial changes in the
social life of the people as did the
act of 1824, to repeal the laws relative to the combination of workmen
and for other similar purposes. And
yet, as Mr. Appleton urged: "In a
decade which reeks with speeches and
utterances concerning labor's rights
and labor's exalted position, not a
word appears to have been said nbout
the effort and sacrifice which preceded
and accompanied this legal revolution." How soon many times we lose
sight of those who have fought that
we might beneflt, and how forgetful
we often are of the unselfish struggles
of the past.
telligehce department
army, who had beet
torney general for ib
lands went over the
so struck with Lhe Ir,
Fact that they
I. \v. .v.—and
against whom
ie)—were seit-
I  twenty years
a Criminal In-
of tbe V, S.
previously at-
Philippine is-
•ase, and was
istice    of   the
nethods persuod th
n Canada, j President  of the  t
prcnie  In  the entiro
wers We j justiCe, an
nature  ha
The sweetest and most inoffensive
path of life leads through the avenues
of science und learning; and whoever
can either remove any obstruction in
this way or open up any new prospect
ought so far to be. esteemed a benefactor to mankind,—David Hume.
A Montreal goat the other day devoured an entiro novel at one sitting.
That's whnt you might call u regular
swallow-tail goat.
t lie wrote to (he
nited States that
use was a miscarriage of
that no evidence of any
been introduced against
the majority, and no evidence sufflclent to convict against any. The professor of law at Harvard, added his
protest, which was seconded by members of the bar association of the
United States including Its. president.
Some of the principle newspapers in
Lhe United States exposed the injustice and the war hysteria of which it
was the product, as a preversion, and
jas a contrast with Amorican conditions. At three different conventions
of the American Federation, the release of all political prisoners was
Gradually the prof est became
stronger than even the attorney goneral Daugherty could stand. Commutations were issued for some of the
prisoners. Then Senator Pepper
made n review of the case, and his
demand for tlie release of the poll
ticals was seconded by Senator Lodge
und other senators, and by fifty-two
Senator Pepper told me personally
in his office at Philadelphia, that the
case was the most terrible lhat he had
ever gone over, and that there was
no justification for the verdict either
as a matter of law or Justice. He told
me also that he had personally
brought nn order from President Hnr-
dlng to the department of Justice for
the release of nil the aliens subject
to deportation. This was bandied In
the usual efficient mnnner. Six out of
the, fourteen aliens and one man who
was born in Illinois were ordered released for deportation.
Later the protest became so strong
against the Inefflciencpy of the department of Justice under Daugherty
and his mnnngement of the case that
President Coolidge was forced to
take the matter of the political prisoners out of the hands of the department of justice. A committee with'
ox-secretary of wnr Baker, was ap
pointed to go over the facts or in the
case, nnd they confirmed the stnte
ments of Lanier und of the conserva
tive Senator Pepper, and recommend
ed the unconditional release of those
who were stfll in Leavenworth. All
who remained were released by presidential order.
Tt is this case, which every lover of
civil liberty on the other side of the
line looks upon as one of the greatest
Mrs. Grady, reading of the strike
of the wire-drawers, remarked: "Ah.
me! What new-fangled things won't
thoy wear next!"
thoy  were
against  the   government  ing majority would have nothing for
A Chronic Scandal
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: rt Is
amusing, though pitiful, when an an
tlquated circus rider persists In carry
Ing on the stunts of his youth. He en
dangers his own old bones; but the
onlookers take no harm. It is not
amusing but paralyzing when nn nntl-
qtiated nnd obsolete system persists
riding tbe Canadian public, us the old
mnn of the sen rode Slnbnd in the
"Arabian Nights." When the war
threw a lurid light on our national deficiencies, the federal government or-
Jdered au Investigation. The lack of
oral population, the inadequate profits of agriculture, nnd other grave
shortcomings, were inquired Into by a
commission. Vet'tbat commission was
never allowed lo publish its verdict.
In the most damning document ever
presented to n Canadian government
b.v one of its own members, the chair-
man of the commission, Sir James
Lougheed, informed the cabinet that
the verdict would be one of "guilty"
against the whole system of departmental administration. In this long-
suppressed report, which 1 have just
brought to light, the system of businoss depart ments run by political
chieftains was declared to be entirely
responsible for oui' national stagnation. It was absolutely necessary, tho
government was Informed on this
high authority, that such great
national businoss concerns as Immigration nnd eolonlmtion, agriculture, trado and the development
of niiturul resources, should be relieved of the incubus of management by pnrty politicians and
entrusted to smnll boards of
commissioners Theso men should
be appointed for no other reason than
special capacity for the; job, and be
judged b.v tbelr results, No business
organization, the government was reminded, would for a moment tolerate
the stagnating methorIn then (as they
still are) stirvivfng at Ottawn.
We pity the United States government, nnd with reason, when we bent*
of the scandals Just exposed at Washington. But this chronic scandul in
the management of our own affairs,
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federationist can render as at this time, is by securing' a
new subscriber. By dolus so you
spread tlie news of the working class
movement and assist us.
"We never needed any of thom
w-i'angled scales in Irelnnd." Bald
O'Hara. "There's an nisy way to
weigh n pig without scales. Vou get
a plank anil put it across a stool.
Then you ;-v\ a big stone. I'm lh"
pig i>u one end ui ihe plank and lhe
stone nn the olher ond and shift the
plaill. nniHl tbey balance. Tlon you
gUOSS tile weight of the stniip ami
you  hnvo the weight of iho pig."
\ shoe in a modern factory passes
through over a hundred seporate operations. Ono can bo made complete
In less than 20 minutes.
Labor demands the right to as!
"Why:" and repudiates (lie lazy
assumption that the world ennuo
be   made   better.
Duly is a power which rises witli us
In the morning and goes to bed with
us in the evening.—CJltldstone.
Sidelights on a Great
Royalty Measure
Taxes Wages
Our $24.50 Coat Is the Talk
of the Town
AMAKVELLOUS combination of quality and low prico I Cools in tho
very Lest now Ktyk's, beautifully trimmed
with for, some with wonderful embroidery
—in the moot wanted colors. Socli vnluo
cannot ho niipronchcd anywhoro in tlio
[■ity.    Soo them in our 111** ston* nowl
Present Act at Variance with Real
Principle of Royalty
A KOUT ihe very last thing a royalty
act should tax js wages. Yet the
present measure, by taxing all thc factors thill enter into the cost of production places a heavy Impost on wages,
whicli is, of course, the greatest of all
lliese factors.
The true purpose of tho Timber
Royalties Aet of British Columbia
should be to take care of the public's
equity in Its standing timber. If that
timber gets more valuable, the public
should benefit accordingly, The equity
of the public in the forest stops whon
the trees ore felled. After that they
become private property. Any further taxation of the raw or manufactured material should certainly not bc
on a royalty basis. A Royalty Act
which Impedes any process of manufacture Is unfair and Illogical.
British Columbia has done, and will
continue to do. very well indeed out of
its standing timber, which has contributed $46,000,000 to- the public
revenue in 20 years.
British Columbia timber has also
attracted to it an investment of $200,-
000,000 by an industrial group that
paid out $00,000,000 In wages last
year alone.
The present act, If unamended,
threatens to '.ax that purely industrial
payroll out of existence b.v raising tbo
royalty 300 per cent., and so preventing the lumber Industry from functioning and pnying wages at all.
The Immediate result of thc enforcement of the present timber Loyalty act after January 1st, 1925, will
be that no lumber will be cut and no
royalty collectable. British Columbia
will lose Its main source of revenue
and a period of unemployment will
ensue unparalleled In the history of
the province.
SUIT Co, Ltd.
019*623 Huting. Street West
Biggest Sale! Why?
There's only one reason why people drink
"Cascade" in preference to other brands—beeause it's better beer. Tlie sales prove the
quality! Far more "Cascade" Beer is sold in
Hritish Columbia than any other beer. What
makes the quality? It's a combination of snper-
line ingredients, scientific, clean brewing and a
brewmaster with 40 years of beer experience at
his finger-tips.
Insist on "Cascade"—
Sold at All Oovernment Stores
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes af 6 p.m.
Rubber Reducing
Madame X
Nemolastik and
Warner Makes
Silk-covered models made
rery long to tako care of
am flesh;  is
silk   (
sured   •
Plain    :
s    at.    '
of pa
■a nil)
n*i* al    i
Simp        j
(1 Fluor      |
o7.-, (il
Ll*: ST
rhone Seymour OS
III             !
Tlio man of virtuous soul commands
not nor oboys. Power, like a desolating pestilence, pollutes whatever it
Tiie oppressor is a waster and destroyer, und the righteous man is one
rVho builds up.
Phono Soymour 236F i
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
.01-408 Metropolitan Banding
837 Baitings St. W. VANCODVEB. B. 0.
Telephones: Seymour 6668 end 6667
IJ.- VI*. you over had a real drink
'•'•of Pure Apple C/dcp during tlie
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we liavo introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider in pint bottles,
either pure sweet or government rcguia*
tion _% hard apple eider. These drinks
are absolutely pnre and freo from all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives of
any nature* Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturers
1965 Commercial Drive, Vancouver. B. 0.
The new reduced Night
Rates make long-dist-
a n c e conversations
much cheaper after 8:30
Ask the rate clerk for
Tills series   of   articles   coinimiu!-
i-iitt'd   by   thc   Timber   Industries
Council of British Columbia.
1100 OtoifU Stntt
Sundir lerrieu, 11 »._q. «nd 7i80 pjn.
Sunday achool Inunediatelr following
mowing lervico. Wedneiday teitimonlt]
meeting, S p.m. i'res reading non?
901-903 Birki Bids.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
■-PHE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
■l* of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 5V Years
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Hoard or by the Government of British Columbia.
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet &
BVERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work " you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires goin& with plenty of good
1 HAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo. FRIDAY October  10,  1H24
Save Money by Shopping in the Low Rent
Men's Rubbers, li to 11... $1,25
Men's Work Roots, $3.50, S 1.00
and »_._».
Men's Knee Gum Boots $-1,45
Vlklllg Clldc-Weni* for Mon, -til-
wool,  2-|)lece oi" combination,
pel* suit, ut      0.50
Mon's Umbrellas, Snturdny SUM
Men's three-ciuarte. lthakl Rain-
couts, Flsh brand $(I,J5
Roys'   nil-wool   Sweaters,   open
neck, covered band ?2.B5
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's ami Hoys* Furnishings
IlntS,  Boots  lind  Slims
Butwocu 7th nnd iitli avenues
Phone, Fairmont M
Ethics of a Ruler.
Ji is desirable for :i ruler that no
man should suffer from cold nnd
hunger undor his rule. Man cannot
maintain hia standard ol' morals
when ho has no ordinary means of
living. So long as people, being ill-
governed, suiter i'vom hunger, criminals will never disappear. It is extremely unkind to punish those who,
being sufferers from hunger, are compelled to violate laws.—Kenko Hoshi,
Japanese priest (Fourteenth century).
For   Co-operation   and   Peace-
Housewives' and Mothers'
Child Immigration
(Continued   from   page   1)
The Conference at Ghent Organize
with Ten Affiliated Na-
tional Guilds
Federations!;:—May I
A Pennsylvania paper says: "Bot?
ton, populous Boston, may be described as the town in which thqus.
ands daily live, move and have theh
I nsked the chairman of this ball
committee for five dollars because I
am so infernally short, and got the
heartless response: "Do as 1 do,
stand up on a chair.
If Christianity were taught and understood conformably to tlie spirit of
Its Pounder, the existing social order
eould not last a day.—Bmlle de I_ave-
laye, Belgian Economist.
Largest Exclusive FOR HOUSE In
tin West
552-1 una 7_i ficoi-RIn Street West
Soymour 9276*9326
COAL   and  WOOD
Baggage, Pianos and  Furniture
Sey.  1288 __<_ ABBOTT ST.
CANADA"'**! U.S. A.  W
1 Union HuskiansEmplpyed Exclusively1A
Vancouver Unions
Heeta aecond Monday in the month.    Preaident, J. B. White; aeoretary, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Boi 68.	
319 Pender St. W»at—Bualneaa meetinga
ever? Wedneaday eTenlng. A. Maclnnie,
chairman; E. H. Morriion, aec-trea*.; Oeo.
D. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
B. C, corresponding aeoretary.
Any diatrict in British GolumbW desiring
information re si. curing speakers or the for-
umt Ion of local branches, kindly communicate
with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
534 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. _tl*>*
phone Seymour 1332, or Fairmont 4938.
second Thursday every montb In  Holdon
Building.   President, J. Brljrhtwell; finanoial
seoretary, H. A. Bowron, 820—llth Avenue
Boilormakors, Iron Shipbuilders and Hwl|>-
ere of America, Local 194—Meetings flrat
and third Mondays In oach month In Holden
Building. Preaident, P. Willis; aeoretary, A.
Fraser.   Office hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
and third Fridays in each month, at 44S
Richards Street. President, David Cuthlll,
8852 Albert Street; aooretary treasurer, Oeo,
Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meeta evory Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg. Preaident, Charles Priee;
liufclness agent and financial secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn.	
UNION, Local 145, A. P. of M.—Meets in
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street,
-Kccnnd Sunday nt 10 a.m. Pronldent, K. C.
Miller, 991 Noluon Streot; socretary, K. A.
Jamleson, 991 Nelson Street; flnanelal aeeretary, W. E. Williams, 901 NeUon Street;
organiser, F. Fletcher, 901 Nelson Street
C—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 3rd
Friday of each month at headquartera, 318
Oordova Street West. President, D. Glllee-
pie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
trsasursr, Wm, Donaldson, address 318 Cordova Street West, Braneh agent's addreaa:
Oeorge  Faulkner, 576 Johnaon Street, Vic-
tori a, B. C.	
a-m. on tbe Tuesday preceding tha let Sunday of the month. Prosidont, Harry Pearson,
991 Noluon Streot; Secretary, E. A. Jamie-
Hon,   991 Nelson Streot; Business Agent, F.
Fletcher, 891 Nelson St.	
dent, R. P, Pettipiece: vlce-prealdent, J.
M. Bryan; seoretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66. Meets last Sunday of
each month at 2 p.m. in Holden Balldinf, 19
Hastlnga Btreet East.	
UNION, No, 418—Prosldent, S. D. Mae-
d'inald. secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
p" 0. Bos 689. Meeta last Thursday of eaeh
call the attention of your readers to
the following: article on the creation
of a new forco Ipr peace in the Housewives' and' Mothers' International
which has just been formed. The
"Women with the Basket," the orgnnized ^purchasers are tho typical representatives nf ihe great industrial
co-operative movements, who.se interests over-ride national boundaries
and whose prosperity rests on peace.
Co-operative Quildswomen are ardent
.supporters of international co-operative trade and friendship, and now
that they qre organized into an international guild, they will he a new instrument for peace. But the funds
of tlie new orgnnization are very inadequate to the work that is opening
before tliem. There may he men and
women in many countries who might
he glad to support this young and
promising organization of the moth-
era of the world, whose motto is
'for "co.-operationj Tor peace, for life."
The ollicers of the guild would he do-
lighted to give any further information desired, anil to receive any donations or subscriptions, Yours, etc.,
Secretary   International   Co-operative
Women's Guild
'J Winchester road, Hampstead,
London. N.'W. 3, England.
A  NEW force for peace and for the
progress of the co-operative movement lias come into existence. Up to
the present time, the mothers and
ousewives of the world have lacked
an international association. In ten
countries, working women have combined into their national co-operative guilds, coming out of their homes
to join in the great co-operative
movement, whose prosperity rests on
the active support of tbe women with
lhe basket power. Tlie English guild,
with Its membership of over 50,000
women, bas led the way, and now
the possibility of international work
has been secured by tho formation of
the International Co-operative Women's guild. Tliis new organization will
be able to express the views of mothers and housewives and to take effective uction In all the weighty questions affecting . them in co-operation
and International tfe.
Over 100 co-operative women-enme
to Ghent for the Women's conference
held on August 29 and 30, some as
voting delegates from nine countries
with national women's guilds, and
others as fraternal representatives o:
Germany, Russia, United States,
Czecho-Slovakia and three other
countries where co-operative women
are not organized nationally, while
co-operative men from Italy, India,
Japan, Latvia watched the proceedings with interest.
Enthusiastic desire to promote the
co-operative movement wns shown in
the two sessions devoted to co-opera-
ttve questions, and the congress cnlled
on all co-operative women to come
ror ward as workers for the cause, and
nsked co-operative unions of every
country to afford women the necessary
facilities for taking part, through
their own organizations and represen
tatlves, in. all co-operative developments.
The delegates felt strongly the;
barriers raised by language to free
discussion at the conference. They
would have liked to understand at
flrst hand the eloquent welcome given
by Mdlle. Dejurdins (Belgium), the
appeals,of the German and Swiss delegates, and the description by a Russian representative of what is being
done for women in Russia. The conference therefore welcomed warmly
the proposal of Miss Meyboom (Holland) that Esperanto should be
taught in tlie people's schools In all
countries. The practical determination of co-operative women to support
an International language has been
•down by the opening of the conference witli a song In Esperanto.
The strength of the feeling against
war amongst International guildwoni-
en was shown by the prominence
given to poaco at their Ilrst conference. A paper "Death or Life?" was
read by Miss, Llewelyn Davles, which
depicted the horrors that science Is
preparing for the next war, and explained how economic rivalry and
nationalist pride are the twin causes
of wur. The paper showed that economic rivalry can only be overcome
by the development of international
co-operative trade and finance, and
pointed out the necessity I'or completing nationalism by internationalism,
and for a new patriotism which recognizes that to serve our country, we
must show active goodwill towards
and give service to the whoie human
family. At tlie same time, just as our
economic system must be adapted to
the materially unified world or to-day,
so our education must be adapted to n
co-operative form of society.
Besides a resolution urging guilds-
women us co-operators and citizens to
carry out the practical peace programme outlined in the paper, and
another congratulating the labor government of Denmark on the lead they
are giving to the world by their disarmament proposals, a striking resolution was addressed to the assembly
of the League of Nations, now In session. It urged tile imperative necessity for more far-reaching measures to
organize the world for peace, and ox-
pressed tlie conviction of co-operative women that, owing to the progress of scientific invention, complete
destruction or complete disarmament
are the only alternatives open to mankind, and called  the assembled  nat
could find at least three million-
pounds—fifteen million dollars—to
look after her needy children. If not,*
why not?
Par be it from me to wish to exclude any needy child from an i m-
proved standard of life. I have fought
their battle for fifteen years In Canada, and was Instrumental in bringing tbis question to the fore while
recently in England and getting
many resolutions sent to members of
parliament from the women's co-operative guilds and labor sections, protesting against the immigration of
young  children,
The fact of tearing children away
from, tbeir native heath, from any relations or parents they might have,
sending them to a strange land, plac-
■  tbem  among strangers,  often  of
iliff'erent nationality (for instance,
in the provinco of Manitoba, the for-
n population represents 53%), is
an injustice bordering very closely on
a  crime.
During my stay in England, my attention was called to boards, hanging outside various institution's, police stations and even churches, giving a list of names of children, to be
sent to Canada*! Last March, wheni
speaking to tlie Holb.orfi Women's
Co-operative guild, the chairwoman
called my attention to a board hanging outside tho police station a few
blocks away, with, the names of about
50 such children—the youngest being
five years old, shortly to be sent to
Canada. Another member toid me of
the cruelty suffered by widows and
dependent mothers who, when unable to support their children, have
them taken from them, their only
crime in must instances being poverty.
There are no pensions for widows or
needy mothers in England such as
obtain in Canada. If tliis were ihe
case, many of the children being sent
l" Canada would no doubt be able to
remain where God and nature intended they should—under tbe protection of tbeir natural guardian, the
liiother. While attending tho courts
in London, one morning a member
nf tlie Salvation Army brought in two
children, aged l\\'e and seven years,
tlie magistrate to give his eon-
sent to be shipped to Canada. The
magistrato, be It said to his credit,
refused, saying, "These children are
net old enough to know where tbey
are going or to give tlieir consent,"
and he considered the scheme of
sending such children to a strange
land wrong.
Some of the saddest remembrances
of my ten years in the Montreal Juvenile court were the letters I received from some of these boys and girls
who passed through, my hands. The
letters were usually to this effect:
"I came from England. I think I
was born in Manchester. Would you
please write and find out if I have a
daddy or mommy or any brothers
and sisters alive. I am so very lonely." And one little child wrote: "If
you cannot find my mother or father,
will you see If I have an auntie. I
know she would write to me. I always cry when I see other children
getting  letters  from   their mammas."
Listening to the sentimental utterances of those interested in child im
migration, one would imagine that
the women of Canada were standin
q.t the ports with outstretched arms,
beckoning the waifs and strays of
England, to our shores, to adopt and
mother. Such Is nat the case. The
women of Canada, like the women of
other nations, have their own children, and all they can do to bring
them up. Tiie rich and middle class
seldom adopt children. When they
do. they search nearer home, are particular an rightly so, to know some-,
thing of their origin. !
Where then do these children go?
The word adoption, I fear, is uesd
to cover up the real truth. The report of the supervisor of iuvenile
Immigration says: "The exportation
of thousands of boys and girls of ages
ranging from fourteen to eighteen
years will, in n large measure, meet
the demands of Canada In respect to
farm and domestic labor," and further, " that the most suitable ages
to send a child out to Canada are
from five to 14 years for boys, and
from thirteen to sixteen years for
girls." Under the guise of helping
children of the motherland, child exploitation is not only tolerated but
actually assisted. The government
grants a subsidy of forty dollars for
each child brought to Canada; tiie
imperial government gives a like
sum. It would bo of more than passing interest to truce the dual destination of the money thus expended,
There are neither child lalior or
ndoption laws covering the cases of
immigrant children.
Tlie witnesses In Toronto nt the inquest on a boy of sixteen, one of the
recent suicides, said: ''Work began
at four a.m., and ended about ten p.
m." Personally, I came across many
such cases, and know It is no exaggeration, particularly during the
seeding, berry-plcklng and harvesting
seasons tn  most provinces,    If there
Capitalism the Gulf Between Is
Measure of Our Social
Nationalism   Means   Commercial
State—Advocates Principle
of Socialism
ANYONE who suffers under the
delusion that the present order
of society is Infallible, tbis book must
come as a distinct shock, and tp
those who take everything for granted, some of White's sayings must
seem peculiarly heretical, Of capitalism he says, "The gulf between lbe
classes is tbe measure of our social
breakdown. In the dungeons pf humdrum, plod' the toiling- masses accursed) whilst in the banquet hall above,
the privileged ones hold carnival.
The submergence of the Individual is
at the heart of the presont discontents." E31ections*are a farce, and it
is being discovered that cehtraliizaj
tion Of government carries witli it
centralization of control over political parties. The laws are made for
the rich by tho rich, "and tbe American constitution is no exception.
Nowadays America is a mass of sabotage, race riots, strikes, bomb- throw-
irigs, lawlessness, lobbyists and boodlers, defiant, corrnptionists, appalling
break up   of   families,   cynical   pollti-
lons nf the world to face this Vital
fact, stripped of any temporary political considerations, and to agree on
common action leading lo general
The International Co-operative
Women's guild was formally constituted nt the conference, with ten affiliated national guilds, namely, Austria,
Belgium, England, France, Holland,
Ireland, Norway, Scotland, Sweden
nnd Switzerland. Each of these will
appoint a membor of the committeo,
nnd the Officers elected by the conference were: President. Fran Emmy
Kreundlioh, a member of the Austrian
parliament and on the commiltee of
the Austrian Co-operative Wholesale
society, who had presided over the
two days' meetings, and tlie honorary
secretary, Miss A. Honora Enfield,
genernl socretary of tho English
Women's Co-operative guild.
ire people in Canada who want children for adoption, why not place our
own children first? Surely they have
flf-t claim on the nation; and thero
are many native-born children in institutions who wouid—if a system of
adoption, such as prevails in Massachusetts, obtained in Canada—be
growing up with adopted parents at
half the  expense to  the community.
The socinl conditions, under which
many of these unfurtunate children
are born, render the closest inspection imperative, if Canada is not to
become an asylum for moral degenerates and criminals in embryo as
the following facts will show: "Dr. C.
W. Saleeby, says: "It is a common
thing for a baby to be born in England under the Influence of liquor as
a result of the intemperance of the
mother, and other obstetricians confirm this fact." If these children
wore not allowed to immigrate until
the boys were sixteen and the girls
eighteen, there would be an opportunity to observe any criminal or immoral tendencies, and to treat them
In such a way as to be helpful to all
There are 1600 mentally defective
children in British Columbia, and
Miss Dnuphinec states the number Is
increasing. Dr. H. C. Steves, medical superintendent of New Westmin
ster mental hospital, states that "less
than 32% of the inmates of that in
stitution arc Canadian born; that in
1904, there were 349 mental cases in
the hospital, but that the number
had  now increased to  1767."
Dr. Eric K. Clarke, of the Canadian committee on mental hygiene,
says: "It is a well-established fact,
that 73.5 per cent of tiie mentally
defective children found in our pub
lie schools are there as a result of
our lack of immigration inspectors;
27.1) per cent, of these children were
born outside Canada, and the re
malning 47.4 per cent, were horn in
Canada of parents who arrived since
the beginning of tlie present century
Only 24.7 per cent, of our sub-normal children can be fully classed
coming from Canndinn stock." A
record surely no nation ean long permit   to  grow.
The following is a report of facts
gathered from the clinics by the So
clal Worwers of Canada: "During the
past yenr,' Uflfi unmarried mothers
entered the Grace and Mlsericordla
hospitals of Manitoba. Tho British
born were 43.23 per cent., Canadian
25.7G per cent. Within the past two
yenrs, in one Ontario hospital, there
was a similar survey made of 260
cases; 22.75 per cent, of tho British-
born unniuriod mothers were
brought to Canada by one home said
to have unloaded an immense number of defectives on Canada. This
survey stated Unit only 26 of the 2G6
could be classified as normal, 45 wore
border-line cases, 191 were feebleminded, and four actually insane.
Another roporl given on 128 eases
of juvenile Immigrants, 23 of whom
were boys and 1".". girls. Of the
girls, 40 per cent, were confirmed
prostitutes, 25 venerally diseased,
and 70 had brought 95 illegitimate
children to bless or curse the nation.
95 por cent, examined were mentally abnormal. Of the 23 boys, two
had veneral disease, and 95 per cent,
examined being mentally abnormal.
If this is allowed to continue, what
condition will Canada be in 25 years
The labor movement of Canada desires to co-operate in every way with
the lalior government of England,
but can in no way, endorse tbe principle of child immigration, knowing
it is n move on tho part of employers, politicians and transport compnnies to exploit children and bring
In cheap lnbor. Labor's battle to uphold the standard of living has boen
one long continued struggle. Therefore lnbor Is opposed to any policy
that will lower the standard of life,
nnd believes It Ih the first duty or n
lnbor government to bring In measures for the protection and education of the workora' dependent children made so through the exploitation of their parents, who have been
sacrificed under a system of capitalism.
The boast of labor bos always been
'Womenu anc dhildren flrst." Let this
be more thnn a mere election cry.
Let every effort be bent to weave *t
into tlie constitution of the nation.
clans, a society cleaving in twain be
tween the immoderately rich and the
[immoderately poor, universal mediocrity, a dull grey dinginess relieved
only by gigantic preparations for
slaughter, a dearth of art, neurasthenics', a dying church, stationary education, tho commercialized theatre
and a general advance of the cohorts
of mammon. And this America, tho
high water mark of capitalism is the
next menace of the world's peace."
Bouck White does not confine his
energies to destructive criticism. He
advocates the principle;, of si-cialism,
nnd he predicts, but in no Utopian
dream language, the form that socialism will take, the form It must
take. The subject of his book is the
free city, in other words, municipality.
To him, present-day nationalism
moans tbe commercial state, whose
boundaries are never natural, whose
to warfare and whose
n the wrong direction;
regards   lho   individual,
to him  tl
idea.      E<
that if tii
at interest
private affaire
too  k
ts   admitted
to take any
nd   feel   any  real
* for other than his own
s, the state must not bo
Hence  White's   plea   for
municipality, C.reece, Home and
Jerusalem, lo say nothing ot tho nie-
di.'oval city states such as Florence,
I Naples, owed their greatness,
tlieir splendor and fame to oconomic
and political conditions which ported self-t,'Overninent and developed individualism for tlie good of the,
community. But indeed we need look
no further tlmn the school-room nor
tho home to prove the value of self,
The author's chapters on "Christianity and the Jews" are illuminating. Just as in his other book, "The
Call of the Carpenter," be empha-
izes Christ's mission ns political
rather than the  foundation of a sti-
■natural religion, and it will come
a surprise to many that Christ
wrestled with such problems as absentee landlordism, the beginning of
tlie process whereby a nation decays.
Christ's haunts were not industrial
areas, hut the absentee landlord is
only another form of parasite, and
His parable was only another way of
remarking on tlio unnatural state of
affairs when a man reaps the benefit
of another's toil, living at the expense and misery of many.
The uuthor deals very fully witb
life In the Hanseatic cities which only
succumbed to commercialism. Liberty
was the keynote of life under that
system; liberty characterized art and
gave monuments that are admired lo
th.s day.    And  peace was possible.
lihder such a system, commerce is
not the object of life, and the para
sitic middlemen—the non-producers
—cease to exist. Militarism Is
known, for wafH are the product of
capitalism which makes use of
tlcnnllstic animosities nnd Imposes
war on thc remotest corner of an em.
pi re whose inhabitants have no real
interest fn murdering the woilters of
a distant state.
The property classes make for uni-
fomlty; Indeed, wherever there aro
class distinctions, uniformity and
imitation are tlie guides of life, the
means whereby people seek to adjust
life according tn their false values.
But municipality is a compromise
between egoism and impossible na
tionalism, between selfish individual
ism and impracticable ideals. "Anarchism screams the song of liberty
lhat-is-license; imperialism Intones
the ritual of orderllness-that-is stag
nntion, and If cither got control, life
would be unlivnble. Municipality is
the group midway betweon the family and tlie nation. Municipality and
nature are inseparable; the nature
life is tied up witli the communal
form of life. The 'free city' social
izes the landscape, making all the
citizen* co-prqprietora; ' therefore
communal ownership of the soil 'h
requisite  I'or  true  civilization'."
Thc community becomes tiie cen-
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tre of Ufe and egoism Is turned In'
the right direction. Nationalism is
incapable of repressing egoism, because it either makes no demand on
the individual or too exorbitant a demand. The municipality Is larger
than himself, but not too large; tho
community is his own neighborhood,
and the preference of the common
weal over private inclination, becomes habitual. Thus fhe municipality  becomes tho larger self.
"Soul or personality ls a collective
thing, hence ego-Immortality becomes a shrunken thing. Ego.salva-
tion, so far from being the mark of
civilization Is tho sign of deendenee,
nnd self-idolatry tells of social
breakdown." Such was Christ's
teaching, strange ns it may seem,
In conclusion, to use the author's
own words. "The Free City Is God's
epic adventure 'down the tides of
time. ... If thero is any virtue and
any   praise,   self-government   created
it. An interlocking of little republics is the formula for extending
self-government ovor wide areas. . .
It will restore to us the arts bf
Africa, the grandeur of Rome, the
goodness of Galilee, the charm of the
wonder-working Gothics. And earth
will seo her wholesome days again."
A    fashion    exchange    says    the
"striped    parasols   have    taken   the
place   of  striped   stockings,"   but  we
don't  believe  it.      Why    they—they .
Tim—How are you getting along
at home while your wife's away?
Jim—Fine. I've reached the height
of efllcfency. I can put on my socka
now from either end.
The annual sale of lands for taxes
by the government will tnke place
on November 15, 1924, Instead of on
October   15,   as   announced.
Lot'33 x 120 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
Official Organ of the
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
read by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50; 5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive News Items, as well as Manuscripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.   .
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B. C. Federationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, namely:
Book Seller and Stationer
sixteenth yeak. no. ii  ^TrTSH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvhr. *e
OTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
■" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
WHIST SCORE-CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET       Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
FRIDAY October 10,  1924
Addresses Public Meeting Held
Under Auspices Federated
Labor Party
A YOUNG hopeful, writing   on   thetgin of profits in the shape of fines
subject of finger prints and the) ♦     •      *
Mirth will reign supreme throughout
the eight acts of superb comedy vaudeville at the Orpheum theatre,
starting next Thursday, for it is to be
the annual "Carnival of Fun Week,"
with every artiBt on the programme
determined to show Vancouver patrons a good time. The whole gala
affair Is in the hands of Ole Olson
and Chic Johnson, two very likeable
lads loaded with laughs. All over
the big circuit they have staged their
riot of fun and been a tremendous
hit everywhere. Mirth and melody
combined will be the offering of
Hughie Clark and his band. This
aggregation happily combines excellent comedy with unbeatable harmony.    Other great acts include El-
The PeerleiB  Piano  at tlte  people b
popular price
Polished  and   Satin   Mahogany
and  Quarter   Cut   Ftim>!«l   oak
On Easy Torms     Without Interest.
800 Beethoven Pianos aro giving ant-
fsfactory service in B. C. homos todny,
and every purchaser is n Initiator.
Lewis will take your oM piano in
exchange on a Beethoven Piano, and
arrange the balance on terms to suit
Let onr salesmen give you n demon*
st rat ion, nnd explain our business
Lewis Lends!   Follow Who Can!
inore Wilinms and her company in i
farcinl sketch called "House Hunt
ing." Bobby Barry and Dick Lancaster in another laugh riot, "I Don't
Want To Dance." Monsieur Alphonse Berg, Parisian gown design
er who uses living models for draping beautiful evening gowns "made
while you wait. . Lillian Gresham,
with Louis Lazarln and Mario Palermo who present another melodious
gem called "Harmony DeLuxe." Kay,
Hamlin and Kay who are still "At
Their Old Tricks" to make people
giggle—and also as an eight feature
act one of those delightful "surprise
party" afterpieces with Olsen and
Johnson as the 'main perpetrators,
and all the artists on the bill jolning-
in for a real fun fest. The bill, topped off by a ripping Aesop's Fable,
Topics of the Day, and Concert Orchestra selections, will prove one
long   to be remembered.
A man swapped his horse for a
wife, and an old bachelor said he'd
bet there was something wrong with
the hor.se or its owner never would
have fooled it away in that manner.
"My brethren, I've been tryin'
nigh on to forty yenrs to serve the
Lord and get rich at the same time,
and I tell you it's mighty hard sled-
Pulmcr Graduate
Backache, .Sprains,   Rheuma-
tlsm, stomach and all Internal Troubles.
SIXTH FL00K (615)
Phone, Seymour 1906
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Dcslfcrifl. Wedding Rnwiitets pat Floats,
Ornamental and Shade Trees Seeds, Bulbs, Florets' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hutting- Street East 2—STORES— 2 (155 Granvillo Street
Soy. »88-«"8 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 95I3-13D1
Leaves Dally at 8.45 a.m.
From Canadian Paelfk Station
Stopping at all principal Pbints en rout*
Carries standard coach, tourist titt, standard
staoptra, dinar and compartment
observation eir.
Up-to-Date Service A
Why the British Labor Party Is
Marching Into Power—Defeat Immaterial
chief speaker at a meeting held
under the auspices of the Federated
Labor party in the Roynl theatre on
Sunday evening last. Her address
was preceded by timely remarks from
the chairman, Mr. A. Mclnnes, nnd
two very much appreciated solos by
Mrs. L. Telford.
In the course of her address, Mrs.
Henderson spoko of the Hritish labor
movement as something unique and
comparable only to the movement
peculiur to Hussia, culminating in the
revolution, and like the latter, a tremendous blow to the die-hards who
predicted national ruin. In the case
of the British labor government (so-
called), it Is possible thnt having
served its use it may be deprived of
office nt the next election, but this
will not act as a deterrent to labor
Mrs. Henderson spoke of the two
arms of the British labor movement'
the labor party largely financed and
controlled by the trade unionists, and
calculated to reach those connected
with unions; and the Independent
labor party, the creation of Kier
Hardy, which is responsible for educational work and for the bringing
Into the movement of those not connected with unions, and perhaps prejudiced against them. The work of
the latter is responsible for the socialist tendencies of thousands of people, and a proof of the awakening intelligence and interest of the British
people Is the attitude of many towards
t he question of war guilt. For instead
of taking the imperialist stund that
Germany was to blame, they realize
that every other capitalist beiligerant
was culpable. Another proof is the
growth nnd popularity of the summer
The speaker then gave some idea of
the personnel of the labor government, particularly the reliable element, composed of Smillie, Johnson,
Jones, Maxton, Buchanan and Kirkwood, to whom so much is owing; but
she emphasized the fact, that ' the
character of the labor party to-day
depends on and is determined by the
rank and flle, men and women of thc
Spooking of the weakness of tha
governni.nt, Mrs. Henderson attributed it to two rensons, namely, that
it Is the first time in office, and that
the government pnrty is composed of
mch differing types, of which the
outstanding' are, the internationalists
who are pacificists and the imperialists of the Thomas type. Consequently, there is much difference of opinion
in regard to questions of religion and
prohibition and so forth. However
one common opinion Is recognized;
the right of the working class to the
full product of their toil.
In Britain the women play a large
part, and there are over eight hundred
sections nf the pnrty with a membership of 200,000. Certnin conditions
force men and women into the movement. There ls no mother's pension
nnd the juvenile courts, as understood
in Canada, are an unknown quantity.
The debt carried by tho working
classes is enormous; the interest
thereon amounts to 395 million
pounds sleriing; the various military
and naval bodies cost the country 207
million pounds sterling per year; 96
million pounds go to war pensions,
md only eight million pounds to
public health, and five million pounds
to housing. Which means that the
children yet unborn are saddled with
vast debts and poor physical and mental Inheritance duo to the neglect of
vital questions.
Tho housing conditions In Great
Britain are appalling and it is due to
the Scottish members of the labor
party thut they have been brought to
tho notice of those responsible for
them. Child labor is nnother blot on
British civilization. Fifty-seven thousand children are employed In industry
and five thousand of these arp under
twelve yenrs of age. Six million
children loft school since 1918, but
only a quarter of these huve been absorbed hi industry. The remainder,
In many (.'iihgh, receive tho unemployment tldlGi
1 it i-otlelUsion the speaker ox-
pH-M-scd the hope thnt the Canadian
movement might rise to the enthusiasm of thc Hritish movement. Questions were asked anil satisfactorily
finger print department at Washing
ton, declares that "finger-print exchange will stamp out crime." We
beg to disagree, and would point out
that a change of system would do
much more, for a great deal of
crime is due to economic pressure;
and, even where this is not the case,
the capitalist system has some bearing due to its faulty educational policy and its custom of maintaining a
parasite class at the expense of a
slave class.
*      *      »
Talking of education reminds me
of un article in "Schdol and Society,"
which actually declured that certain
social mixers, fosterers of sport, and
universities simply exist to develop
advance agents of business, and which
went on to state that higher education
ls always controlled by big business.
But if one professor should dare to
write a paper on this thesis, he would
be quietly relieved of his Job. We
would advise doubting Thomases to
read Upton Sinclair's "Goose Step"
and "Goslings."
'*      •      *
The Newfoundland government
seems to have fallen In with all the
other 'wet" governments and decided
to become "bartender." Government
control of liquor is such a profitable
business. Which simply means that
the government is comprised of big
business men or controlled by them.
British Columbia is somewhat different, but It draws a great deal of
revenue from vice and weakness, and
scoops up a little of bootlegger's mar-
The deputy-minister of labor
Victoria is taking pains to point out
to prospective citizens, at present so
Journing in the harvest fields on the
■prairies, that there will be no work
available in British Columbia for
them this winter. He realizes that
there will not be work enough for our
own people. Now, will our daily press
tell us why they are deriding every
one who in anyway discourages emigration from the old land
British bankers say thut they should
endeavor to "exploit' Canada and
other dominions, rather than Russia.
Unfortunately for Canada she cannot
help herself. She has been exploited
almost to death; so much so in fact,
that many of our people have hud to
go to tbe United States to earn a livllhood.
•      •      *
The prince has come and gone. Being on a pleasure trip and travelling
as a private citizen we did not, of
course, expect him to call upon ub.
However, when he comefc through
again in an official capacity, we hope
that he will make it his business to
look into the actual conditions under
which many of his loyal citizens are
living In this dominion of hiB, We
will be only too glad to give him Bome
authentic information. If we felt that
our publication could get through that
array of private secretaries that he
has, we would send him a copy of
The Federationist once and a while
for nothing, but we doubt it. So
what's the use?
Women and Children
Under Soviet Rule
•fContinued from nage 1)
*tmWM 1€!o_ttl'^i«_^
Leaves Dally at 9 p.m.
A Through Train to Montreal
Making all Important stops, and carries
A Through Sleeping Car to Chicago
via Minneapolis & St. Paul
In addition to first-class coach, tourist car.
atandard slsapars, diner and comportment
observation car.
r«r aU intormttlofl and rMtrvatiorii apply at TICKET OFFICES:
Vsaceuvar Dtpet, Hot.l Vaneoaver ar 434 Haitingi W,
Hoad Show Season Opens Soon With
HprUthily Musical Comedy
A musical comedy, which i-Wn for
a r.olld year on Hrondwuy, colled
"Little Jessie James," Is to be the attraction ut the Orpheum theatre,
October 13, 14 and Uth. It is presonted by L. LaWrenfcte Webor, one of
the most prolific producers of thc
younger generation und who owm
two theatres on Broadway. "Littl.
Jessie James" wuh written by Harlan
Thompson, who provided tho hook
and lyrics, and Harry Archer, who
composes ibo music. These two
gentlemen nre young men, .lust out
of collego, who ure endeavoring to
discover something new In the field
of musical comedy and from nil ro
newts 'hey have done so in "Little
Jessio James." A Paul Whitcmun bund
is one of thc features of the product
Tho oditor who was told thnt his
last article was, as clear as mud replied, "Well, that covers 'fhe ground;
and mental state, to which some of
our statesmen and tbeir press have
Russian women love their children,
their homes and men-folk as the
women of other nations do. They do
not lead promiscuous lives in greater
numbers than do certain women in
Paris, London, New York and other
civilized centres. Their ideas of
morality are at least us high in spito
of their suppression under czarism as
those of the aforesaid nations.
When the marriage laws of soviet
Russia were published, tbe capitalist
press came out with shrieks of hor
ror; and predicted the degradation of the home and morality, ai
consequence of the reformation of the
marriage laws. It is notworthy that
these same papers raised no protest
ngninst the debasing laws und moral
conditions that women nnd children
were compelled to endure under tho
czar, conditions which led the charity organization of Petrograd at their
convention ot* 11.11 to say, "the bad
conditions of labor, the insufficient
pay, the terrible housing conditions,
added to the total lack of laws to protect women and children, pushed
these women and children into this
calling and has beon extremely favorable to this monstrous growth of
The new marriage laws have beon
on the statute books for the last five
years. A correspondent for tlie New
York Post, published from Moscow,
statistics for January of this year
bowing that there wero 2,214 marriages In Moscow alone with but 47
divorces, this figure being far below
the number in any capitalist country
and wanting also lo cover up previous false press reports was driven to
find an excuse and statod that "divorces are decreasing in Russia bo-
cause of tbe bousing shortage."
Another falsehood, since there is no
nation in Europe, including Great
Britain, that has solved the housing
problem on so just and business-like
:.i basts. As an example, a man with
no children may bo obliged to live in
smnll quarters, but a woman with
hlldren has first claim; and, if possible. Is housed according to ber needs;
thus, a woman with only pet dogs
cannot live In a house containing a
dozen rooms, having the most-up-to-
date sanitation, while a woman with
several children Is compelled to live
In two rooms in a slum urea, unfitted
house pigs, much less children, as
often obtains In most industrial
centres in christian nations.
T believo Christ approved of this
principlo when He suid, "Woo Unto
those who put stumbling blocks in the
pathway of little children." The
bolshevlsts arc at least doing what
they can to remove the stumbling
blocks of child-labor, Ignorance and
bud housing conditions are bound to
produco criminals and moral degenerates,
II -ia amazing to find many good
ppoijle, instead of being pleased at the
Vapid changes a nd transformations
taking place In Russia, are actually
disappointed that facts do not boar
out newspapor stories of bolshevist
terrors, to learn that bolshevlsts aro
not "eating" or "drowning their
babies alive," and that the women are
not common property, Apparently,
their mental appetites have beon ho
whetted for gore, they seem annoyed
that anyone should seek to change
their mental diet, Alas, alas, for
their Intelligence, their culture! The
tragedy is theirs, nnd not Russia's.
There are maternity laws protecting
mothers, and laws preventing children under eighteen years working in
mines and factories. In Great Britain
the government mining report states
tbat "there are 57,000. children under
the nge of 1G \vorking in and around
the mines, 5,000 of whom aro under
12 years,"
Thero are special colonies for the
study of child culture as well as for
agriculture. I have viBlted many of
these colonies run somewhat after the
system of the "George Junior Republic" in the United States, and was
agreeably surprised at the advances
made under almost superhuman difficulties encountered after the war.
Under the czar's regime, there were
hundreds of thousands of children
who never knew their parents or the
luxury of a bed. They lived in the
alleys and streets like Btray mangey
dogs and cats and the task of gathering these up and sorting them out was
stupendous. Added to these children
were the thousands left with one parent or none after the slaughter of the
three milions of Russian men; yet in
spite of these difficulties, the progress
made in caring for these little victims
is nothing short of marvellous. Thousands are gathered up each month, but
owing to lack of accommodation,
thousands are still uncured for, but
every effort Is being mnde on their
In Russia, if two people decide they
cannot live together any longer in
mutual respect, the marriage is annulled after proper legul steps are
taken to ensure the welfare of the
mother, and tlie children if there are]
any. If the mother's character is
good and she is deemed the "proper
guardian" in 09% of the casos, tho
children are left in her enre, provision being made for her support and,
the rights of the father as well. The
Russian courts claim if either parent
has any rights over the other regard-
ng the children, It is the mother who
gave them birth, and that home life Is
better thnn institutional life for the
children. Instead, therefore, of the
soviet law  breaking up  the home.  It
safeguards its interest, realizing it Is
the foundation of all civilized life.
In cases of divorce, there is none
of the nauseating exposure in public
of the intimate sex-life of the couple,
no newspaper "scandals," no loathsome "sensations," a procedure which
soils the mind of youth and doeB much
to degrade the "sanctity of marriage"
In many christian lands. Divorce In
Russia is exclusively the affair of the
parties concerned and the state.
Neither one is obliged to commit adultery or cruelty or both as in England
and elsewhere in order to obtain a
On account of the (.operation of the
church and Btate there muBt be a
civil marriage, but this does not preclude the couple from having as many
religious ceremonfes as they desire.
Women sit beside men, administering
the law. Two American senators, Mr.
King and Mr. Ladd, togethor with Mr.
Frear, a member of the United States
congress, visited tbe law courts of
Moscow on August 10, 1923. They
were received, according to the London press reports, by the president of
the court, J. A. Smlrnov. In a subsequent interview, these men doclared,
after seeing both civil and criminal
cases tried, "the impression made on
them was most profound." "In both
cases, said Mr. Frear, "the presiding
judge was accompanied by women.
Both the judge and the women put
numerous queations which showed
their deep interest and impartiality,
as between plaintiff and defendant.
The cases were decided to the evident
satisfaction of both parties concerned; and if" added Mr. Frear, "I
should have to go before a criminal
court in soviet Russia, I should want
no better Judge than Mr. Smlrnov."
Which is only another way of saying
that in Russia there are no lawyers
to reap the beneflt arising from the
Tour Income
Depends on Yow Eyes
Don't forget that the dollars
you earn are in a great measure dependent on your eyesight. Be Bure Tour Eyes Are
Right, It Is the Only Safe
and Sensible Way. This is our
business and our only business.
Ppatalra, over Woolworth'a Store
mistakes and vices of society's victims
or to make a "hass of the law."
It is the first time in the history of
Russia that tho women are free from
the 'political and economic yoke of
serfdom, but, In spite of repression,
the Rusian women havo left their
mark on history In no less a degree
than the men wbo fought for liberty.
Emancipated and free to work out
the destiny of Russia, co-operatively
with men, and to add their spiritual
and moral force, who can predict
what the Russian nation may not
achieve, and what her women may not
symbolize to the rest of the world in
the years to come?
It is strange what good memories
wives have. A friend of mine says
his wife can remember occurences
of twenty years ago. Mine can remember ten years, hut then I have
only been married ten years. Only
benedicts will understand this.
Laws were made tn protect the interests of those classes who had got
power by superiority of force, fraud,
or luck.—Thrasymachus.
Dr. Gallant, Chiropractor, 712 Robson
Aak for CAITO'S.    For salo at all Government Liquor Stores
TU* advertisement li aot publlihed or displayed by tbo Liquor Control Board (
by tho Oovernment of BrltlBh Columbia
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
Official Organ of the
Published in the Interests of All Workers
nPHE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the better.
■*■ ment of society. It realizes that tbe most effective method lo accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable,
Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this offlce by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
You must have The Federationist in the home each week to keep in touch
with the Oity, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months.
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
Our solicitor will


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