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British Columbia Federationist Aug 17, 1923

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DrousTRiALUNiTy: strength «.-       Official Organ Vancouver Trade^Jand Labor Council {International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
Situation in Cape B, <m Is
Revealed After Sm "„«
Screen Clears
Funds Are Urgent!]- Needed
In Defence of Men
The strike ot the miners of Nova
Scotia against the use of troops by the
British Empire Steel Corporation and
Its governments ln Industrial disputes,
and the strike of the steel workers of
Sydney for a 20 per cent. Increase in
wages, and the recognition of their
union, has ended. The wage strike of
the steel workers lasted from June 27
until August 2, and the sympathetic
strike of the miners lasted from July
8 until July 21. During those weeks,
these workers displayed a solidarity
that has not been seen among the
workerB of Canada since the Winnipeg general strike of 191..
To beat the workers and destroy
their unions, all the forces of the
capitalists were mobilised. The Federal government sent troops from all
over the country. The Provincial
government (notoriously dominated
by the corporation), sent Its special
armed provincial police. Cape Breton was turned into an armed camp
ln order to save the profits of the
corporation. The capitalist press oi
the Province,"a__ed by the capitalist
press all over the country, bombarded
the strikers with poison gas attacks
of slender denunciation, lies and half-
lies, in a desperate attempt to destroy
their fighting spirit. The leaders of
the miners—Jim McLachlan and Dan
Livingstone—were arrested Jn an at*
tempt to 'break the ranks of the miners. The forces were clearly divided
—on the one side all the forces of the
corporation, on the other the workers, fighting for the defense of tho
Labor movement against the armed
attacks of the capitalists.
The ranks of the miners stood solid
against all the forces brought against
them until John — Lewis lined up
with the enemies of the miners. He
revoked the district charter, deposed
the district officers an dordered the
miners back to work. The miners opposed this action of Lewis, and denounced him as an agent of the corporation. But rather than allow
Lewis to split up the local unions and
hopelessly divide the ranks of the ml-
(Continued on page 4)
Picketting and Bad Conditions Favor Cause
of Si.ilors
The strike on the C.G.M.M. vessels
ts still on, despite reports In tbe dally
press, to the effect that a settlement
had been arrived at.
Tho S. 6. Canadian Rover, another
of the unfair ships, came in to port
last week in a very dilapidated condition. Nearly all of the unfair crew
quit as soon as the ship touched
port, making the task of getting more
men to fill their places very arduous
to the officials of the CO.M.M.
As scabs were at a premium, the
strikebreakers ot the S.S. Canadian
Scottish were transferred to the Rover, which sailed from here on Sundav
night last, minus several of the full
crew. The officers of this ship expressed themselveB as being disgusted
at the efforts of the men who are
very willing to become seamen, but
do not know how, and according to
another of the ollicers off the snme
[Ship, who slates that he hopes that
It will bc all over before the ships got
back, thereby giving them a chance
to have capable seamen once again.
Tho S.S. Canadian Freighter sailed
with a crew of strikebreakers, after
having a very hard Job to procure
Sufficient help to man the ship.
The balance of lhe unfair ships in
port are the S.S, Canadian Skirmisher, S.S. Canadian Scottish, SS. Canadian Britisher, S.S. Canadian Inventor.
The Federated Seafarers' Union of
British Columbia Intend to hold a
moss meeting ln the Columbia
Theatre on Sunday, August 19, 1923,
to expose the honors that seamen
have to endure aboard the Canadian
Government Merchant Marine ves-
WlB. Several speaker., prominent In
the trades and labor movement, havo
promised to assist at the meeting.
The docks, ships and shipping ofllce,
also the C.N.R. Station, are plcketted
dally with excellent results. Many
men are turned away when they hea*
of terrible sufferings that most of the
men on picket havo endured on these
The main office where the men are
hired Is room 105, C.N.R. station, on
Main Street. The men are told won*
derful tales of the pleasures of a trip
on the C.G.M.M. ships.
Steam Engineers to Have
Services of International Officers
Local 944 of the Steam and Operating Engineers, held on Thursday, the
•th, went on record as favoring the
44-hour week on all government
work. It waa alio decided that the
time had arrived for the formation of
a Building Trades Council. This mat*
ter will be referred to the different
building tradeB unions for action.
The expected visit of Organiser
Frank Healy, during the Trades Congress convention Is being looked forward to by the membera as a sign that
the International Intends to aid the
local In building up Its membership,
and lt ls also expected that Genera)
President Huddell, and General Secretary-Treasurer Dave Evans will visit
Vancouver Just prior to the A. P. of
L. convention, which is to bs held In
Portland In- the month of October.
Ruling   Class  Objects   to
Workers Repudiating,
But Workers' Standard of
Living Reduced By
Falling Values
[By Harrison George]
Upon the announcement of Leonid
Krassln for the Soviets, that Russia
still considers repayment of the loang
the Czar got from foreign capital to
crush the 1906 revolution, as "too
high a price to pay for recognition,"
ihe capitalist press has broken out tn
a spasm of righteous Indignation. The
Chicago Tribune expatiates on the
"sanctity of contract," the Soviet's
"repudiation of Important obligations," and the necessity of "every
government's pledge" being kept at
all costs. ThlB waB one of the farfetched arguments the Michigan prosecutor used to get a conviction of
the Communists in Michigan. But let
us see how much it ls worth.
Aside from the fact that the Russian workers have as much right to
repudiate the debts the Czar incurred
In oppressing them as the United
States had in not paying the debt
Oreat Britain took on In fighting
vainly to keep the American colonies,
or the bond Issues of the Confederacy
—the Tribune's advocacy that America should have nothing to do with a
nation which wishes to repudiate
debts pledges and obligations, lf followed out, would cause a deal of ambassadors to lose their Jobs.
While the secretary of the treasury,
Mr. Mellon, is In secret conference
with French statesmen trying to
make France stop Baying that she
neither can nor should pay her debt
to America, such rash statements aim*
ed at the Soviets only look amusing.
Also, In the same newspaper It ls conclusively proven by Prof. Irving Fisher that the dollar bill ln your pocket
is worth, compared to a dollar tn 1913
only 66.2 cents; in other words, the
United States government has repudiated Its obligation on every dollar
of the billions ln circulation about 35
cents or over one-third. By rendering valueless one-third of the twenty-
one billion of liberty bonds alone, this
government has repudiated Its obligations to Its own people to the noat
sum of seven billion—an amount that
exceeds the SovieL's repudiation by a
considerable flgure. Let all who get
excited over Russia's repudiation
think of the cheapened dollar.
Then, ln Germany, run by capitalists, and not Communists, the mark,
a government pledge, has become so
vatueless that Cuno's regtme repudiates Kb own money by suddenly demanding gold for all import, export
and Internal taxes and for freight and
postal transportation. Is our ambassador to Berlin withdrawn? Not by
a long shot! America hovers like a
vulture over dying Burope. Interested only ln exploitation of peoples, American capital opposes Communism at
home and abroad. For Russia, a
"moral argument" by Mr. Hughes; for
American workers, a reduction of real
wages by one-third repudaltion of dollar values. Then when the workers
strike tn defense of living standards,
injunction, troops and a group of
Communists on trial for "criminal
But the workers have "obligations"
too, which they must observe in their
own Intterests. In Russia It Is to build
a new and free society; In America It
is an obligation to defend the Communists on trial In Michigan, and to
take the aggressive In supplanting the
rule of the banks for a rule of the
workers themselves.
Patronise Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Trades and Labor Council Calls for
Free Transfer of Union Cards
Central Labor Body Approves of Amalgamation Proposal—Resolutions To Be Presented to Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada Will Deal with Vital Mattors Affecting Organized Labor
IH—I-.     ■   I   _■■        ■________________. I      II   BI..I   ■■    111    I ____— II -S-----.--___.______M_B_.^_ ,        „.,.
FPUE usual routine business .vas dispensed with at the speeial meeting of the Vancouver Trades
A and Labor Council, held last Tuesday, when resolutions to be presented to tho Congress convention were dealt with.
The spceia' committee appointed at the last meeting, brought in four resolutions, and in so doing,
made the following comment:
Your committee appointed at the last meeting, to draft resolutions to be presented to the
Trader Congress convention, decided' that a mass uf resolutions dealing with trivialities, are a
waste of time and of no valuo to thi Labor movement, and that only resolutions which are constructive and of vital importance Bhould be presented by your delegates to the convention, and
the following resolutions, in the .order presented, are considered of sufficient importance to the
Labor movement of this country to warrant thie endorsation of this council, and the convention
of Trades Congress.
The resolutions, wtth a slight'
amendment to resolution No. 4, as
passed by the Council, read as
Resolution No. 1
WHEREAS, the me of troops ls
becoming more and more the custom tn industrial disputes, 4s witnessed tn Nova Scotia, therefore
be it
RESOLVED, that the Trades
Congress of Canada tn convention
assembled, declares that in future
all the resources of that organization will be used to resist the ln-
tlmidatory methods of the employing class, and will do all ln its
power to bring the' workers to a
point where they will refuse to be
used to defeat thetr fellow workers
tn strikes and act as scab herders
for the employers.
Building Trades Council and
District Council Are
Local 452 of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, held a splendidly-
attended meeting on Monday night.
The meeting was a specially called
one, and the hall was filled to capacity. The special business placed on
the agenda being the election of delegates to the Trades Congress convention, to be held In September, and resolutions to be presented to that body
and the financial position of the organization.
The delegates elected to the Congress convention are J. G. Smith, W.
Dunn and W. Page, with two alternates.
Resolutions covering the use of
troops and a universal working card,
and calling for the amalgamation of
existing unions ln one Industry, were
approved of, and another resolution
calling for the payment of trade union
rates to all unemployed workers, was
adopted, and the delegates to the
Trades Council Instructed to support
A request of the Steam and Operating Engineers, asking the support of
the local in the formation of a Building Trades Council, was complied wtth
and the Idea of a district counctl for
all local carpenters organizations, Including the Piledrivers, was endorsed.
The appeal from the Nova Scotia
Defense Committee was read, this appeal being a request for funds to aid
the defense of the indicted strikers
and thcir leaders in Cape Breton. The
subscription-list being passed among
the members and the sum of $18.00
collected, and W. Page elected as a
While the meeting commenced a
half-hour earlier than usual, the business was not concluded until 10:45 p.
m. Five new members were Initiated
during the ovening.
Besolution No. 2
WHEREAS, the development of
Industry has made It almost Impossible for any man to continue
to work In one craft all his life,
therefore be lt
RESOLVED, that   this   Conven-
'' tlon instructs the Incoming executive to use Its Influence to bear on
the American Federation of Labor
and Its affiliated organizations, so
that an Interchange of cards between all organizations affiliated
with the A. F. of L. and all European unions, may* be effected, this
to include aU labor organizations
In the British Isles. Said transfer
of cards to be free. The dominating Idea being that a union man
should be recognized as such, Irrespective of the fact that circumstances compel him to change his
Resolution No. 3
WHEREAS, the employers of
labor throughout Canada are united together Into powerful organizations, the employers in the vnrious
Industries co-operattng and asslst-
(Contlnued on page 3)
At the last regular business meeting of the Federated Seafarers Union
of British Columbia, held on Tuesday,
Aug. 7, at headquarters, 318 Cordova
Street West, Vancouver, B. C, it was
decided by a large majority to organize tho cooks and stewards, ns there
fs no organization to take u p any
grievance on their behalf. The constitution of the Seafarer** Union Is:
That any member of the ships sailing
In or out of British Columbia, can become a member, irrespective of the
Job that he may hold aboard ship.
"Tod" Morrison Loaves far the Enst
"Ted" Morrison left for the East on
Tuesday night, the popular business
agent of the Electrical Workers, being
deputed to attend the International
convention of bis organization, held In
Montreal. "Ted" may be anything
that some people think he is, but so
far us thc Electrical Workers are concerned, he has at all times studied
their Interests, and at the convention
he will no doubt maintain his position
and at the same time help his membership.
You may wish to help The FederationiBt. You can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly snd sending In the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Barrister Who Took Prominent Part in Labor
[By A. S. Wells]
MEMBERS of organized labor in
iTX Vancouver were shocked on Wed-
nesday when they learned Unit Mr.
1.1. Rubinowitz, barrister, had crossed
tlie Great Divide. While not holding
the views of Labor, Mr. Rubinowitz
was as broad-minded a man aB there
was in thc country. .His sincerity
and his love of those things, whicli
capitalism kills. In men, was more appreciated In lahor circles tlmn ln any
othor section of tlie community.
Mr. Rubinowitz* connection with
working-class troubles date back to
1013, when he defended the Island
miners who were arrest**.! In that
strike. In fact lie himself was arrested and put In gaol. His actions
since that time have shown that lie
was opposed to ruling class tyranny.
Ills bapable, In fnct magnificent defense of the Russian workers arrested during the war ix-iiod when ruling
class discretion was put In the back*
-ground because of tlie -proletarian
revolution In Russia, and any Russian
In ruling clnss eyes nppeared as a
menace1, and his exposure of the stool
pigeons' activities in the arrest of
these men, stamped him as a num
without fear, und one who hated the
subterfuge and cumoullage of tbe
ruling class of  this country
There arc not many people in Vuneouver who know the work he put
In lo have those men released, and
then, are still fewer who realize tlmt
when the I-I Russians were relcmicd
as 11 result or his efforts, tlmt lie was
the happiest man In Vancouver. In
spite of the Tact that he never received any adequate recompense for
his services.
In a thousand ways, Mr. Rubinowitz served the working class or this
city and province, and tlie writer,
who wns perhaps more Intimate with
him than' most of the lnbor Officials
and members of the different
unions, knows only too well his disinterested ness In the cases ho took up
which never showed tny chance of
remuneration. And In the case.
In which he foiurht and won, laid
laid ngninst the editor or the Federatlonist and (he company, the amount
ot time he s|K'iit, anil tlie energy he
gave to that cuse. not because It was
a ease, but because he thought that
the chnrge was one which should
never have been laid, proved that he
was a man amongst men In a world
where "real men" are only appreciated »rter they have passed out. One
of the most striking tributes ever paid
to a member or the legal fraternity,
wns paid to Mr. Rublnowltx on Wed*
nesday, when not only the members of
his own nice turned out In hundreds
to his ruiieral. and amongst thOTC
hundred* wen* members of the working class, humble and obscure thoutrh
they may have been, yet they paid
tbelr tribute to 11 man. a friend, and
a man who was ontlinrs a friend In
need. To his sorrowing parents and
relatives, the sympathy or nrgatita-d
labor Is extended bv Ihe Fedorntlonlst.
oven though he did not ntrree with
lis policy.
Carpenters Make Contribution to Nova Scotia
The local Nova Scotia strikers defense committee has. ^bt down ' to
business. Appeals have been sent to
all local unions, aaid some have al
ready responded to the appeal, the
carpenters contributing $18, and other
organizations have made collections.
The method adopted Is to send- the
contribution list among the members
of the union present, and ask them
to donate. This method has been
found satisfactory, and brought the
results desired, which are, to bring to
the workers' attention the effort and
schemes of the ruling class to break
the Labor organizations, and to secure voluntary contributions.
The appeal sent out by the local
committee reads as follows:
Brothers: A campaign of terror has
been instituted by the Provincial government of Nova Scotia against the
Btrlking steel Workers and miners.
Already twenty or thirty have been
arrested on various charges, ranging
from seditious libel to the heinous
crime of shouting "scab" at a strikebreaker, this latter charge being laid
against Mrs. Lewis, an old woman of
75 years.
More warrants are being Issued
every day for the arrest or pickets of
the striking workers. The corporation
aided by the governments and their
troops and police, is attempting to
crush the Labor organizations of this
Province by arresting the most active
and militant among the workers.
The strikes have drained the pockets of the steel worktys and miners,
If these workers are going to get legal
aid, the workers of Canada must sup
ply funds to meet the expenses. The
strikes of Nova Scotia were against
the use of armed force In industrial
disputes. As sucb, the workers of
Nova Scotia were lighting for the
whole of the Lnbor movoment of
As a result of a previous call sent
to your organization, a local defense
committee was organized at the
Trades and Labor Hall, on Friday,
Aug. 10, It was decided nt tbat meeting to forward the enclosed appeal,
together with a collection IIhI requesting that you forward Immediately all
moneys collected to the secretary-
treasurer defense committee, Hugh A.
McMullen, Box 397. Olagp Bay, Nova
A delegation from this local defease
committeo will visit your organization
on meeting night.
Help to defend the arrested workers
of Nova Scotia.
Yours fraternally,
P. FLOYD, Sec. pro tem.
J. HALLIDAY. Chalrmun.
The next meeting of the committee will bo held tonight (Friday) at
8 p.m. A wire hns been sent to Ser
retary McMullen, (Ilnce Hay, asking
for olllcial receipt books and suhscri|i
tlon lists, and all local individual subscriber-) arc requested to forward
their donations to ,1. Halliday. chairman, fil Cordova Street West, Vancouver, H. C.i who will Issue offlcla
receipts for the amounts received. A
delegation from this committeo will
wait on all unions to appeal for financinl nid for the arrested striker* nnd
their leaders.
10 visit m
Labor M. P. for Winnipeg
Centre to Speak for
At the regular meeting of the'Federated Labor Party, held on Wedneaday evening, It wa -decided to hold a
seriee of Iheetlngs next month In Vancouver and surrounding district-; alto
at Nanaimo, Ladysmlth and Victoria.
I. B. Woodiworth, If. P. for Winnipeg
Centre, expects to vlilt the coaat dur
ing September, and haa placed hli
services at the disposal of the party.
Meetings have been arranged aa followa: Sunday, Sept. 0, at Vancouver;
Sept. 16 at Nanalmo and Ladyamlth,
and Sept. 28 at Victoria. Dates of
meeting! to be held at New West*
minster, Burnaby and South Vancouver will be announced later.
Hand your neighbor thla copy of
The Federatloniat, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Anti-Fascisti Movement to
Be Fostered in Industrial Centres
The Black Shirt Gang to Be
Fought By Organized
Plans for Intensifying the campaign
against the Fascisti in America, and
for extending aid to the victims of the
black shirt regime in Italy, have been
announced by the Anti-Fascist Alliance of North America, 231 £. 14 Br,
New York.
These plans Include, the formation
of anti-Fascist groups ln all large Industrial centres on the continent, the
sending of argonizers to warn tbe
Italians in America, and the workers
generally to guard against the en
croachments of Fascism, and the raising of funds to be sent to Labor bodies
in Italy.
Details of the work are being elaborated by a committee elected for the
purpose by the executive board of the
Alliance. . It consists of Frank Bell-
anca, Arturc Oiovannltti, Romeo M„
and Leonardo Krasin!.
The Anti-Fascist Alliance was organised several months ago upon the
Initiative of the Italian Chamber of
Labor In New York. It Immediately
won the support of such central bud
ies as the Central Trade und Labor
Council of Greater New York, the
United Hebrew Trades, and central labor unionB in a score of other cities.
At the same time, it received the
active co-operation of union Internationals like the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, nnd the International Ladies Garment Workers
Union. President Samuel Gompers,
among others, expressed his satisfaction with the work of clearing the
black shirts out of the United states.
In the month since the founding of
this body, the groundwork wns laid
for the campaign that will now be undertaken on a larger scale. With thc
atd of the Labor press of thc country,
the pest of Fascism wns revealed in
all its naked brutality. The activities
of Fascista groups in cities like Now
York, Boston, Chicago, etc., wore
"The menace of Fascism here is not
nn Imnglnary bogey," nn official of the
Alliance declared. "We need only to
turn our oyes to Spain, to Turkey, to
Germany, to realize that the Fascisti
once formed represent n nlnBtmment
for the suppression of the workers.
They must not be permitted to get too
strong a foothold,
"Comparatively small though thoy
are as yet, the Fnsclstn organizations
already have the nudaclty to announce
to the world that they Intend to sup-
plant tbo oxlstlng unions In America
which have Italians among the membors with Fascista unions. The ofll-
cial organ of the Fascist! recently declared    such to be tbelr goal."
As part of tho general campaign,
the Alliance in New York will be
strengthened. A circular letter nd-
drossed to all unions In tho greater
city request them to elect two delegates each to the Alliance, und to send
In tho names to tbe headquarters of
the organizntion.
With u network of antl-Fnsclst or-
ganazlllons nil over the continent, the
emissaries of Mussolini will find opposition at every step. Even the allo-
Klance of Judge Gnsy, tho Alliance indicates, will not enable those em 1b-
Hades to sprond the "dagger nnd
bomb" gospel here.
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and tho other fellow does,
why kick. He In doing tho best he
can. Wh/' complain because George
does it.    Why not do it youreelf?
Commnnists Issue Manifesto to Workers of Invested Area
_ ■-'
French Occupation of Ruhr
Causes Discontent in
The situation In Germany ls lead*
Ing swiftly to civil war. All Germans agree on this at leaat, and even
the bourgeois press devotes columns
to discussing how and when It will
happen. The Social Democratic leaders are in a terrible fright. Fascist
demonstrations are frequent, and the
government thas taken the extraordinary step of issuing a manifesto
againBt the parties of the right and
left who dare to threaten the peace,
The Communist Party of Germany
has Issued a lighting call to the masses of the workers; the struggle cannot be postponed much longer.
Facing this serious situation, the ,
Communist Part yof Germany issued
on July ll a manifesto to the members of their party. It gives the concrete Instructions needed inthe light.
It will be a model for future struggles.
Communist Party's Manifesto
"Cuno's cabinet ls bankrupt. The
crisis in foreign and internal affairs
threatens a catastrophe within a few
days' time. The . Separatists seem
about to -proclaim an independent
buffer-State In the Rhlneland. The
South-German Fascisti have decided,
at their congress, to use the proclamation of the Khenleh-Wostphallan
State as an opportunity to start their
offensive immediately after the harvest.
The offensive of the "Fatherland
Leagues" is planned down to the last
detail; Hitler and Ludendorff have
made all preparations for the march
against Saxony and Thuringia; the
Fascist! of North eGrmany are also
ready with their plans for the occupation of Hamburg and Berlin. kA
considerable part of the Relchswehr
ls co-operating with the Fascisti;
and the bourgeois parties are all supporting the Fascisti in order to get
an opportunity to carry out the
Stinnes programme, and suppress the
proletariat. The Social Democratic
government officials have masses of
evidence about the preparedness of
the Fascisti; but they are too cowed
(Continued on page 4)
Young Worker Meets Death
While Following His
The Milk Salesmen and Dairy Em-
ployees lost an active member when
Bro. H. M. Oraham met with a distressing accident at the corner uf SOth
and Fraaer last Saturday, resulting ln
instant death. The funeral waa held
from Center & Hanna's parlors, and
resulted In one of the largest turnouts
of members for a long time. Sincere
sympathy is expressed to his two-
months' old bride in her bereavement.
Among the floral tributes were wreaths
from Roma, Mrs. ('. Ferguson, Mr. P.
M. Ferguson, Hay, Mother, Nellie and
Kenneth, Rev. nnd Mrs. It. ll. Mor-
rlson, Mrs. Crawford, Mrs. Elder, Employees Frnser Valley Dallies, Brother
Walter and Marlon Ward Family,
Some of His Customers, Employees
Ladner Lumber Co., Bakery Drivers
Local 371, Mr. nnil Mrs. I'age, the
Management Fraser Valley Dairies,
Mr. and Mrs. T. A. Hair. Hammond
Cedar Co., Brother Lester, Milk Soles-
men and Dairy Employees Union. Mr.
and Mrs. Shaver, Eldon and Mable,
Dewoy, Dundaa .Mothodlst Church,
Mr. and Mrs. Harper, Mr. and Mrs. J.
F. Brown and family, Mrs. Scott, Mrs.
Ramsay, Mr. and Mrs. S. J. Creusoy,
Mrs. 1. Brooks, Mr. Johnson, Staff
Empire Cleaners, Mrs. Duncan and
Mrs. McEwan.
Once again the capitalist press has
been proven a venal Institution. Its
repeated statements that Canada was
enjoying a trade boom is not borne out
by the figures for business failures
during the first alx months of this
year. During that period there wero
H4- business failures, whilst lost
year (a year of depression) there were
1636. Last year thc liabilities amounted fo $30,16-,7»B, whilst this year
they totnl $31,434,7711. New Brunswick, British Columbia and Quettec
enjoyed Blight reductions In the number of business failures, all the other
provinces reporting Increases. Again
Is Marx vindicated In his famous st* "'
menl: "One capitalist alwa>- "
many." The smnll man " gomg ,0
the wall making way ••' "-nf" n,1(-
larger aggregation o' capital. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year  No. 83 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver.
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatlonist
Business Olllce:   1139 Howe Street
Editorial  Offlee:    Room   306—319   Petlder   Street West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark, Oeorge Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, $.8.50 per year, $1,60. for six months; to
Unions subscribing ih a bo'dy, 16c per member per
Unity ot Laberi The Hope of Hie World
FRIDAY.. _ ..August   17, 1923
Trades Congress and the Working
Class Movement
W7HEN the Trades Congress convention assembles
" in Vancouver in.the early days of September,
there will be much talk as to what Labor is going
to do. Evory word uttered by the delegates who
are opposed to thc present system of society, will
be misconstrued .and used as in thc past, to break
up the Labor movement of this country.
* *       *
In the ranks of Labor, there are many men
Whose function appears to be to carry out ruling
elass dictates. They aet as agents provacture, or
through foolishness, do exactly as the ruling elass
would have them do.
* *       *
There is also another clement in thc ranks of
organized Labor, and that is the unconscious reactionary group. This group will shout their Minsters' platitudes, and give voice to capitalistic propaganda.
»       »       *
Under these conditions, there is little wonder
that the ruling class does not fear organized labor's efforts. But it is high time that the workers
realized that there is in existence, even though
they do not recognize it at this time, a struggle going on in present day society, and that that struggle is u class struggle, and that there never will be
peace between capital and labor.
* *       #
If the delegates to the convention will only
realize this fact, they may be able to give a lead
to the working class movement of this country.
They may be able to pass resolutions whieh will
not be pious expressions of opinion, but resolutions which will make it mandatory that thc executive of the Congress take certain steps to bring
about working class solidarity, and education on
class lines.
* •       •
In another column of this issue, will bc found
resolutions passed by the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council, which, while not calling for the
abolition of the capitalistic systom, something
which our er"twhile friends of thc revolutionary movement are always talking about, but
never aid, may pave thc way to that working class
cohesion whicli is so necessary for the overthrow
of the system which makes onc man a slave and
another a master; which starves the producers and
gives luxuries to the non-producers. If the .om-
ing convention takes a step in this direction, it will
have been worth while—if not, then it would be
better if it were never held The delegates to that
convention have a tas* before them, and we can
only hope that they will be equal to the task.
Ruhr as illegal and inconsistent with the terms
of the Treaty of Versailles;
She is willing to forgive her Allies all their
debts, except a sum sufficient to discharge her
obligations to the United States, namely a total
", net sum of 14,200,000,000 gold marks;
The concessions to France and her other Allies must depend on how much Oermany can
Britain regards the reparation commission
as preponderantly Franco-Belgian, and insists
on an impartial tribunal to decide Germany's
capacity for pay.'
• ■'••;■'#
. To put it plainly, illegality or anything else ex.
cept expediency, had nothing to do with the British
foreign secretary's note, and that expediency was
expressed in thc passage as to what Germany could
pay, the British representative might have added,
if he was willing to let "democracy" have its way,
that Germany would be made to pay the limit so
long as there was no danger of the enforcement of
that payment bringing about a working class revolution. But then diplomats are employed and get
their pay for covering up the truth.
The Situation in Europe
W7HILE thc ignorant and trusting members of the
community of all countries are waiting for
prosperity, their rulers are preparing the way for
a revolution in Europe. Many things have happened in the last few weeks which show mat thc
present system is collapsing. .
* #       .»
Lord Cnrzon'« iiot<- to France indicates that the
ruling class of thc United States, to which Canada
"is so closely allied," recognizes two things; they
are the danger of the Frenoh occupation of the
Ruhr, preventing thc payment of Great Britain's
debts to Wall Street financiers for the money "invested" ih the late war, and' a'Communistic revolution in Germany, because of the industrial chaos
created by the seizure of tho greatest producing
area in Gc.ni_.ny by France, and its strangulation,
in ordor that thc French people may bo lead to
believe that Oermany will and can pay.
* »        *
In. spite of nil tho ravings of the capitalistic
jaekalls, who write for the daily press, there is
.vMcnce that the Communists in Gormany, aided
by the economic conditions in that country, hnve
by judicious leadership, gained control of fifty per
cent, of the Labor movement, where only a short
time ago they could only control about ten per
cent. That the growth of the Communistic element in Germany, coupled with the fact that the
United States is demanding that Great Britain pay
her debts to the United States, has caused thc
break between France and Great Britain, there
can be no doubt, and Lord Curzou's note, while
couched in the language of the diplomatic world,
indicates that thc British Empire, thc greatest thc
world has ever seen, is tottering, and the United
States is now the last stand of thc present system.
* *       »
According to the pross, the following are thc
cjiief points in the note referred to:
London, Aug. 13—Chief among the points
niaihKjjy the latest note of Marquis Curzon,
British Iftv^gn secretary, to thc French Government, am the, following:
Britain regiwls the French occupation of thc
The Amalgamation Question
"TOE following extracts, taken from an article in
the Labor Herald, should bc of particular interest to workers in this Province, and Canada generally, at this time, prior to the Trades Congress
eonvention, to be held in Vancouver, commencing
September 10:
"Reactionary trade union officials are having a strenuous time nowadays. For the first
time in their hitherto peaceful lives, they feel
the heavings of a rank and file movement beneath them. But they have been trained in
the school of sloth and poker. In their present difficulties they get excited; and in panicky efforts to head off progress they are getting all mixed up.
"With all their stupidity, our reactionary
officials would retain their prestige better if
they would caucus among themselves. They
have no intellectual solidarity in their ranks.
One says onc thing, a seeond another. Not
content with stepping on his own toes, Mr.
Bryan, of the Leather Workers, for example,
proceeds to step on thc neck1 of Mr. Lewis of
the miners. After spending 1200 words damning thc Progressives in his own ranks, Mr. Bryan, in an official circular, quotes with approval
the aetion of the. progressives in the miners
union.   Hssays:
In connection with the above we submit the
following resolution by the Progressive Miners Conference which speaks for itself. This
expresses our sentiments, instead of dividing
your forces build up your present organization.
Resolved, that the Progressive Miners Conference condemns all dual union attempts,
whether these are brought about by the Lewis
administration, or whether they come from
mistaken zealats who believe that*the way to
strengthen the Labor movement is by destroying the old trade unions and starting the whole
movement all over again on a new basis.
* jt       *
All that now remain*, for the scrambling of the
reactionaries to be  artistically complete, is  for
John Is. Lewis to find a resolution by the Amalgamation committee of the Shoe and Leather industry
and quote it against the progressive miners, like
, The progressive miners are against me, therefore they are a dual union piovemnt.   Instead
of pursuing their present course, they should
follow the example of the Shoe and Leather
Industry Amalgamation Committee, which adopted the following resolution, which expresses
my sentiments:
Resolved, that the Shoe and Leather Workers Conference condemns all dual union attempts, whether these are brought about by
the Bryan administration in its frantic light
against amalgamation, or whether they come
irom mistaken zealots, etc.
* *        *
Yes, unfortunately for Mr. Bryan and his reputation for intelligence, thc Amalgamation Committee of thc Shoo nnd Leather Industry is emphatically ngainst dunl unionism, nnd has condemned it
in almost the samo terms as the Progressive Miners used. Mr. Bryan condemns the one movement
and praises the other, lie docs not know that his
brother-in-arms, Lewis, is attacking the Progressive
Miners even moro bitterly than Bryan attacks the
Amalgamationists.   _
* ¥        *
Always and forever the bureaucrats are in favor
of progress—but not here, ©r not now. Progress
is for the other fellow or for another time. Bryan
endorses the progressives—when they are in the
miners union. Lewis supports the radicals—when
they are in China or Mesopotamia. But with touching unanimity they are, onc and all, solidly against
ony change that might cause them to lose their
soft jobs. And in their frantic struggle to hold
on to the swivel chairs they seem not to care that
they are becoming hopelessly scrambled
There was never a strike without there was a
reason. There never was a cause without an effect,
and strikes, like sore feet, or any other human affliction, are the direct result of prevailing conditions.
Owing to the power being shut off, caused by the
electric storm this morning, this issue of The B. O.
Federationitt has been delayed.
Point of Operation of Ma*
chinery Most Prolific
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
The National Bureau of Casualty
and Surety Underwriters, (U. 8.), has
just completed a detailed survey of
the Industrial accidents which occurred during the course of one year in
factories and workshops Insured by
members of the National Bureau.
"The most striking revelation ot
this analysis was the seriousness of
the point of operation on machines as
an accident factor. Safety engineers
have always recognized that unguard
ed points of operation on machines
constituted one of the most proline
sources of accidents. But the high
percentage of this type of accident
revealed by the survey surprised all
the Insurance companies' engineers
and research men." . ,
The survey covered the greater part
of the factories of the United States,
and deals with 350,000 accidents to
workera "In some industries, the
point of operation hazard was found
to be responsible for 50 per cent, or
more of the total accident cost of the
industry. A few of these Instances
Sash, door and blind manufacturing, 50 per cent.
Furniture stock manufacturing, 50
per cent.
Wooden toy manufacturing, 60 per
Woodenware manufacturing, 60
per cent.
Button manufacturing, 65 per cent.
Metal toy manufacturing, 65 per
Metal goods manufacturing, 66 per
Coupled with this analysis, we remind our readers that in a paper read
before the annual convention of industries for the State of New Tork
recently, the accidents in the United
States accounted for an economic loss
of 11,010,600,000.
Nor should we forget that the
deaths from accidents in the work-
ships and mines of Canada during the
year 192. totalled 1107—a list which
is by no means complete.
The greater part of the accidents
are due, of course, to the greed or profit; whloh makes the safety of life
and limb a secondary consideration in
the operation of industry.
FRIDAY August   17,  l»iS
Why Let Georgo Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. He ls doing the best he
can. Why complain because George
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
Empires Held By Armed
Force and Power of
[By H. M. Bartholomew]
Kecently published figures explodes
the fallacy that "the world had been
made safe for demooraoy."
The troops maintained in the British Empire are as fellows: Oreat Britain, 96,000; North Ireland, 5000;
South Ireland, 600; Rhine, 6700; Gibraltar, 900; Bermuda, 600; Jamaica,
600; British, 1000; Colonial Cyprus,
115; Constantinople, 19,500; Egypt,
9300; Palestine, 900; Indian Irak,
S000 British, and 7700 Indian; India,
(Including Aden), 77,000 British and
310,000 Indian; Ceylon, 380; Mauritius, 200; West Africa, 260 British and
500 Colonial; North China, 50 British
and 800 Indian; South China, 1600
British and 600 Colonial; Singapore,
1500 British and 100 Colonial.
By this huge army do the present
ruling class "guide the destinies of
Empire," and keep tn subjection the
wage slaves of their system of exploitation.
Using the figures of the various governments for the number of troops,
the amount of the national wealth and
the number of people, we flnd that
the number of soldiers per thousand
of the population in various countries
ls as follows:
United States, 1.35; United King,
dom, 5.48; France, 17.60; Italy, 6.80
and Japan, 4.40.
The proportion of soldiers to the
national wealth has been worked out
as follows:
United States, one for each $2,468,
143; United Kingdom, one for 8467,-
471; France, one for $144,297; Italy,
one for $120,000 and Japan, one for
Below we give the figures of ex-
penditures on armies by the various
governments for 1913 and 1922:
United States, $133,139,670 in 1913,
and $257,599,670 in 1922; Oreat Britain, £28,220,000 in 1913, and £116,
850,000 in 1922; France, 983,224,376
francs In 1913, and 4,190,000,000
francs in 1922; Italy, 424,330,058 lire
In 1913, and 2, 607,045,000 lire In
It will be seen, therefore, from the
above figures that the Versailles treaty
did not reduce armaments nor leave
Relieved in two minutes with
Jo-To relieve! gaa pains, acid stomach, heart
barn, after-eating distress  nnd all forma of
Indigestion quickly, without harm.
All Slug Starts.
This advertisement is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
mJnlLm*.. -     British Columbia.       .... ^.___j
GRADUATE, Tilth Unlveraltjr K.commo_d»tion_, POLYTECHNIC HIGH SCHOOL,
Bl-logy, Anatomy, Him.logy, Inorganic snd Urftanto ChemUtry, Physiology,
Bacteriology,   Pathology,  Hygiene snd  Sanitation.
college in Northern California recognized by State Botrd aa qualifying gradn*
atet for Driifleaa Physician Certificate!). Couraea Taken: Nervoua Phyifology,
Gynecology, Obitetrica, Philosophy snd Practice of Chiropractic, Diet, Hydro*
therapy, Light Therapy, X-Ray, Diagnosis and Analysis, Practical Olinlca.
Dr. J. I. Oorosh will hold a free Chiropractic Clinic for non-
contagions diseases, between 8:30 and 9:30 a.m. every
day except Sunday.
Begular Oflee Hoars:   10 te 12 am., 1 te 6:30 p.m. sad by appointment
telephone Seymour 4371
Stor. Opens at 0 a.m. anl
Closes at 6 p.m.
Now Proceeding
August Sale of
Fine Furs
Featuring the Newest Modes in
Fur Garments and
Smaller Pieces
At Exceptionally Low Prices
Your Inspection Cordially Invited
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymonr 8540
the world safe for democracy. Today
the expenditures on munitions and
arpiiea are greater than ever before.
If the world was an armed camp ln
1913, it is positively bristling with
guns and bayonets today.
A Union Is What Tou Make It
Some men Imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it ls
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation in
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
You may wish to help The Federatloniat. You can do so by renewing
yonr subscription promptly and sending In the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
BT REASON of our policy of direet
selling to the public, thus cutting
out all intermediate profit!., we cen Always give you the biggest values ln tbe
city In ladies' ready-to-wear garments—
always a HtOle more than you expect.
Famniio. CLOAK •*■*<■
__ UlllUUS    SUIT CO. Md.
'From  Maker to Wearer'
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
40---0I Httrepoutta Baildlaf
■37 Hast-eis St. W. VAMOOUTM. I. 0.
Telephone*: Sejwur MN aat •■•.
Drugless Healing
THIS is tho study of the GLANDS;
WE ARE EXPERTS In this line.
For IMPOTENCE and kindred dis*
eases, this Is absolutely essential;
besides, there are many., other diseases for which a knowledge of
GLANDULAR THERAPY is absolutely necessary* We have the beat
equipped place on the Paclflo Coast.
we have years of practical experience, and the knowledge that only
?radical experience can give IF
OD want the best SCIENTIFIC
all we aek Is for TOU to investigate
and prove it for yourselves. Ther*
oan be nothing fairer than this to
both TOU and US.
Downie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bid*.
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
We reproeeat Ue American UnlTenltj
ef Saatpraetlc Statue, Waab.
__b_g np Phone Sermonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Soil-.   SOI   Dominion   Bnlldlng
Hit Henna Street
Bonda, aenleea, 11 ajn. anl 7:10 pjn.
~*-~   ■ •--•   Imn-adiaulr   felli   '
0   p.m. _  free   ran
Sunder achool
morning aarrlea.
meeting, 8 p.n
»01-»0_ Blrka Bldg.
B. r. Harmon s. A. ttay
AMBUIjANOB bervice
<» xmaswAT    vuroouvas, b. o.
Phone r_lm_.no is
BE SURE vou get
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and dances.
Phone, Highland M.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
"A Good Haoe to Eai"
IN your faee to faee contacts with peo-'
pie, your appearance, your bearing and
many other things help yon to make the-
right Impression. Bnt in yoar Mopbone
contacts, there Is only one thing by which
yoa can bo Judged—your apeech.
Do you cultivate an effentlvo telephone'
personality! Your voice Is you. In the
Intimate contact whieh the telephone
gives, let your voice express all thosa
qualities which will induee favorable ac
tlon on the part of the listener. It ,li
worth while.
Two Short Words, Bridging tho Salt Between
witk a*«AVUraS lO0Ott_T--th?°_M°!e___b_> laaM a meal!
aa "Finrr dat."
We SrrmONOLT ___00-U_B_rD roe te alert ea* an aaaeaat AT OIOI,
at ono ot nr Oltr Braaaaee.
 fee. I. Hitman Manasae
oerlen aad AMett Mala and tea Are. Mela aad Braadhn*
Union Bank of Canada
P.8.—If na art living In a oemmanity sol provided with Bi	
draw u by mail, and we will be glad to golde yoa la reaped to "Bui
fMUltUt. a*
'    byfiaU." IjDAY August   17, _»_3
All Dental Charges
[Reduced   fji%
During iM J
Midsummer *tmW ,***r
' 1UY PRICES are now halved on
"   all classes of dental work—
I have specially studied the moat approved methode of performing
and make a point of doing everything
possible for.your peraonal comfort.
Formerly Member of the Faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of
Southern California;   lecturer on Orown and Bridge Work;   demonstrator In Plata Work and Operative Dentistry, l<--\ and
general anaethesia.
602 Hastings Street West
Corner Seymour-—-Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Phone Seymour 3331      Offloe open Tuesday and Friday evenings
rpHIS special offer includes every branch
ot dentistry, and guarantees you work fully
equal to the standard
maintained by me
throughout my practice
17  YEAR*
The offer la open for a
short time only, and to a
limited number of clients.
Call at my offlce today or
tomorrow—get my new half-
price estimates on any dent*
al work  yon  require.
I give yoa my aiaal
ih WEiraro
on all work done under
this half-price offer.
Vanconver Unions
|C-__eU — Preal-aat, R. H. Maalanla, M.
1 A.; gaaaral eeoretarr. Partr R. Baai-Uk.
She: SOS, SIS Feeder St. Wast. taene Bay,
Jl-6. Heeta la Labor Hall at S pm. ea
Be Srat and third Taaadara In meatt,
J Maata aoeond Monday la the month Pro*
Ident, J. R. White; aeoretary, R. R. Seal-
Ida. P. 0. Box 86. _________
Idore Street Waat—Bulnaaa meatlnjta
lory Wedneaday aranlaf. A. Meelnnla,
lalrman: E. H. Morrlaon, aae-treaa.; Qeo.
i Earrlaon, 1182 Parker Street, Venoonrer,
%A% ___\-s-SSfa\\-*Am d-W.1
formation ro aeoorlng apeakare or tba for*
lation ol looal branehea, kindly eemmnnloate
lth Prortnalal Saoretary ). Lyle TeMord,
li Blrka Bldf.. Vancourer, B. 0. Twain Boymonr 1888, er Palneent Itl*-
Iakert salesmeh, local •"--*••*•*;
1 aeoond Tknraday erery montk, SIS Pander
Itreet   Weat.     -.raaldont.   J.. BrUttwett;
inolal aocroUry, H. A. Bowron, »8»—lltk
. Eaat.	
IAL Union el Amarloe—Loeel HO, Ven*
Inrer, B. C, meeta aeoond aad fourth. T»M*
tya In eaoh month ln Room SIS—81» Pan*
Cr Street Weat. Preaident, 0. E. Herrett,
E Haatinga Streot Eut; aeeretary, A. R.
Cnl, 880 Cambie Btreet.   Bhop pkone, Say.
JS. Realdenoo phone, Dont. 81T1B.
IBOUonnakora, Iron Shlpbulldera end Help*
1 of Am.rlei, Local Ist-Mootlnia irat
,,d Ihlrd Mondaya In wk* montk. Prof;
Ent, P. WUH.: aeeretary, A. Praaar. OBee!
loom SOB—819 Ponder Btreet Woat.   0«»
■inn, 9 to tl a.m. end 8 to S pjn.	
Htrlokleyera or maaona lor boiler worka,
'"or marblo aettara, phono Brieklayera-
tlon, Ubor Temple.	
VtERB and Joiner., Local «62-Prealdont.
J W Hatley; reoordlna eecretary, W. Page,
lialneae agent, Wm. Dunn. OBce: Room
"t_--_- Pender Street Weet. Meets eecond
Jnd (oarth Mondaya, 8 p.m., Room 5, 8l»
lender Street Weet.
BvTtrEMPLOYEES   UMION—Moeta   drat
[nd third Prldaya In each month, at1*6 Oor-
i Stroet Woat.   Preeldent, Darld OnttlU,
...J Albert Street; aecretary-treaaurer, Oeo.
tarrlaon, 1188 Parker Btreet. 	
T Steam and Operating, Local 8_-—MmU
tary Thuraday at 6 p.m., Room 807 Ubor
»'mnle. Preaident, 1. Flynn: bualneaa agent
i Inanclal eecretary, F. S. Hunt; roeorJing
leeretarr. D. Hodge...
llTY   F1REFI0HTER8   UNION   MO.   18—
I ProaldoKNeU MacDonald, No. 1FlrotoUi
loerelary, 0. A. Wetaon, No. 8 Fireball.	
T orery drat and third Monday in room 812-
l_» Pindar Stroot Woat. .Ptealdelit, Jj. R.
[ewthonfe; Snanclal aeoretary, A. Padfaam.
■ayco Road Poet OBce, _y*^*__±__
Lcordlnf aeoretary, 0. Tether, tUO— «Oia
Ire, __.- Yancouror. B. C.	
IbTKL   AND, ■*■*_■**__***___]*—?Z
1 Dnioa,   Loeal   28—_«}   Boymonr   Btreet.
__t. Int and third Wedneedeye at 1:80
m." SSma  and  le«* J*******!"
I-SO  p.m.    ExecutlTo  boardtmltanry
1 «d» et 8 p.m.   Praaldant, W. A. Colmar-
__2._i._t, A. Orakem.   Pkane Seymonr
«1.  '_—	
loF CANADA—Aa Induatrlal tjnlOn ol all
lirkora In logging add eonatrncllan campa.
laat Diatrlet aad Oeaaral Haedejurtere, 81
Irdova Stroot Weat, Vancourer, B. 0.
tone SeyKur 7656. J. M. Clarke, gaaaral
feretarytreaeurer: legal edrtoara, "eeara.
Ird. llaodonald is Co., VenoonTer, B. 0.i
Edltera, Meaara. Bntter A Chiene, Veneon
. B. 0, ,_
lACHIMSTS LOCAL 182—Preaident, Leo
T Oeorge; aeoretary, J. O. KeeIe;_bealBl«
Jrant, P. R. Bengough. OBce: 80S, SIS
Knder Street Weat. MeaU In Boom 8I»-
TtS Ponder Btreet Woat, on Irat and third
Th-radaya In month.
loiSaon; aeoretary, B. Hint; bnalneaa
lent, P. R. Bengough. OBee; BOS—81S
tnder Street Weet. Meeta In Room 8—
Is Pender Street Weet, on aacond and dth
lieadaya In month. ,
luNION, Local 116, A. F. ol M.—Meet; at
l,o*o Ball, Homer Street, aecond Sander,
TlS a.m. Preaident, Ernoot 0. Miller, 891
llion Stroot; aeeretary, Edward Jamle.on,
Il Nelion Street; Onnnclal aeoretary, W. E.
Inilama, 091 Nelion Street: organlaer, F.
letcher. 991 Nelaon Btreet,
ITOKS and Paperhangore of America. Local
Is, Vancouver—MooU 2nd and 4th Thurs-
i at 1*8 Cordova Btreet Weet.    Phono,
. 8610.   Bujlnma Agent. H. D. Collaril.
Iile drivers, bridoe, wharf and
[Dock Bulldore, Local No. 2*0*--Meeta at
Is Haatinga Stroet Weat every Friday, at 8
Jaa. Thompaon, financial eecretary.
Icordova St. Weat, P. 0. Bon 671. Phone
Ky. 8708.   Mootlnga every Monday et 7:80
In.   J. Pearaon, bnalnoaa agent.  -
I 0—Meeting nlghta, drat Tueaday and 8rd
Iflday ol each month at headquartera, B18
Sesame Btreet Weal. Preaident. D. 8111k*
i tlce.prealdont, John Johnaon; aeoretary
feaauror Wm. Donaldaon. addreaa 818 Cor
live Street Weat. Branch egent'a addrea':
". Worrall,  576 Johnaon Btreet, Vlotoria,
Street and electrio _*W_Z__
T ployeea, Pioneer Dlvialon, No. 101—Moata
I. P. Hall, Eighth and Klngawey, lit and
Ird Mondaya at 10:15 e.m. end 7 p.m.Fre.
fdan" P. A. Hoover. 2*09 OUrk. Drivai
Icordlng eeeretery, 1. ** 0*»*J. if'rfg
Ivo. Beat.; treaaurer. A F. AtimiAam
Cal aaorotary and bnalneaa ejaot, W. JJ* *•■
".U, 166—17th Arc W. Ogee, eorner Prior
d Main Btroeta.   Phone Felrmonl *50*Y
ultlRNBYMEN ,»p*L.ffi hSd
r America. Local Na. 178—VtattMS^JM
pat Monday In eaeh month, 8 p.m. Preal*
mt, A. R. Oatenby; Tlee-praaldentj, Mra.
»lk: neordlng aaorotary. 0. *PvS__i__"
. Bos 60S: Inanclal oecrotary, P. McNelih,
. 0. Boi 608,
viet Ruaala—Vanconver breach meata am
id third Sundaya each montb, 2 pm., at ei
iordova Street Weat. For inlormatlon arrlta
o branch aeoretary, 8. T. A. 8. «., 61 Oor
ova Straet Weit. VanconTer, B. 0.
,.?tiOR_PHIOAL UOTOli, No. 286—Preal*
dent, R. P. Pettlplece:   vleo-proaldent J.
_. Bryan: Bocretarytroaanrer, R. H. Nee*
Anda, P. 0. Boi 66. Meeta laat Bunday et
lech month at 2 p.m. In Leber HaU, 81S
Tender atreet Weit.
ATION—Meeti at 091 NeUon Street, at 11
fc.m. on the Tueiday preceding the lit Ban-
Uay of tbe month.   Preaident, E. A. Jamie,
"In the Flavor 8Mling Ttu"
SAY  All.
Speaking at the
• *      •
Wesleyan Methodist Conference
• *      t
At Bristol, England, July 24th,
Lloyd George said:
• •      •
"We owe allegiance
• *      •
To the same head,
• •      #
Loyalty to the same Prince,
The Prince of Peace.
•f      *      •
His authority is defied.
The nations have hurled
* **      •
More defiance
* *      •
At his throne.-
* •.    •
It is time the churches
* ♦      *
Of Christ, throughout
* •      *
Christendom, should
* *      ♦
Stand by their Prince."
*'■    •      *
And I wondered
* . •      *
Why Lloyd Qeorge
.   *     '*      •
Didn't say,
* •     *
Who the churches
Economic News Service
Survey of Ecoaomic Conditions in Canada
(Continued from last week)
Miscellaneous Trades
One of the largest industries of this
country is the manufacture of pulp
and paper. During the past ten years,
this Industry has developed remarkably. Today the United States Is turning to Canada In Increasing measure
for supplies.
For the flrs£ four months of this
year, the newsprint exports from this
country increased by 68,924 tons, or
22 per cent., whilst the export of pulp
increased by 51,949 tons, or 26 per
cent. The increased productivity,
coupled with the enormous profits
from invested capital, has induced
many of the corporations'to purchase
new machinery and enlarge their capitalizations. Several British and American corportions . have done this,
whilst new pulp and paper mills are
in course of construction In Ontario
and Newfoundland.
The milting industry also reports increased activity, due to the enlarged
crop of last year, ahd the Increased
demand for flour. From September,
1922, to March 31 of this year, the
amount of oats and rye ground has
slightly decreased, but the number of
bushels of wheat and barley ground
has increased. Nearly sixty-six million bushels or wheat were milled during the period, an Increase of 10,000,-
000 bushels; whilst barley jumped to
551,000 bushels, an increase of 400
per cent.
The textile Industry, which opened
the year very quietly, has slightly improved, although the demand for textile products ls by no means heavy.
Lumbering in British Columbia and
Ontario experienced decided improvement, In some districts "cuts" in the
bush being record breakers. The
building boom in the United States
has absorbed a great deal of this increased output, and there are indications of a decline In this branch of ln<
dustry in the near future.
During the month of April, the Ford
Motor Co. of Canada reported an out
put of 4473 finished cars—a record.
During the first four months of this
year, the company turned out 29,000
automobiles, or 10,000 more than was
ever produced In any similar period in
the history of the plant before.
The movement of the heavy crop In
Western Canada made heavy demands
upon the railroads. This has also been
further improved by the better economic -conditions prevailing in some
sections of the country. The C. N. R,
report an Increase In gross earnings
f of nearly twelve million dollars from
January 1 to May 21 over the corresponding period of last year, whilst the
C. P. R. has .also, experienced Increased earnings.
Banks and General Finance
It ls remarkable that although some
improvement in Industry is to be noted, particularly in the steel and pulp
Industries, that the bank clearings of
Canada have ahown a remarkable and
decided decline. For the first three
months of this year, thts decline was
of a very pronounced character, and
not until the month of April was the
economic Improvement evidenced in
the bank clearings. During that
month they incerased by $62,902,828,
an Increase of 4.4 per cent.; an increase continued in the month of May
to a slightly less extent. Even so, the
decrease in banking clearings for the
year to date is very pronounced.'
The   money   market   was   much
:asler." During the flrst quarter,
new capital was authorised at the rate
of $20,000,000 a week, whilst the sale
of bonds and stocks at Montreal and
Toronto evidenced a slow but steady
During the month of April, there
was an increase of nearly $30,000,000
in current loans, which may be taken
as an indication of'the-increased requirements of trade and industry during that period. Savings deposits also
increased in that month fo the extent
of $9,000,000.
"Collections"—the term used by
financiers to denote payments of debts,
etc.—have been very Blow during the
greater part of this period under review. The small business man has
been confronted with very difficult
conditions, and is finding It increasingly difficult to meet his overdue bills.
In many of the cities, the storekeepers are on the verge of bankruptcy,
and increasing numbers of them are
already in the hands of the receivers.
Below we give the figures for business
failures in Canada for the first quarter
of this year (Dun's figures):
1922        1923
January    361 251
February     318 326
Maroh     339 314
April  ,.   235       ■ 240
It must be pointed out that the
greater part of these failures are of
business men possessing capital of
less than $5000. In other words, lt
means that the tremendous number of
failures among small business men
evidenced last year (the record number
being 3182), is continuing this year,
with slightly increased force. The
truth of Marx's statement that "one
capitalist always kills many," Is becoming Increasingly apparent.
These increasing failures of the
'small fry" must be taken ln consideration with the growing consolidation
of large corporations. During the
period under review, the tendency towards further consolidation was very
evident. The amalgamation of practically the whole of the canning industry is but one Instance out of many
which could be cited. The race is to
the big and strong. Whilst small
storekeepers passed into the hands of
the receivers, the large corporations-
further amalgamated their forces and
economised their productive processes.
(To be continued)
The greatest assistance that tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news or the working class
movement and assist us.
Pass The  Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
DWippsan  as  if  by  magic when
ii uied. Oaa polna, acid atom&ch, tour
stomach, burning and all. after-eating distress relieved In two minutes.     All    Drag
Best $2.50
Glasses not prescribed unless ab-
aolatelr necessary.    Examination
made br graduate Eyesight Specialists.    Satisfaction guaranteed.
Wt grind ear em leuw. Lt&m
duplicated by mall,
.  Brown Optical
Bs  sure  of  tha   address—Akote
Woolworth's Store, near
Bilte 88, Dart* Olutnbaxa,
Pkone Sty. 1071
son, 981 NeUon St.; Seeretary, 0. B. Williams. S91 NoUon St ; Business Agent, f.
Fletcher 891 Nelson St.
Pender Street West. Business meetlngr
every 1st and Srd Wodnesday every mott'h.
M. OarpendaJ«, corresponding secretary; G.
Tether, flnanolal aeeretary; J. Halliday,
bn>nch organiser.
BOOZE AXD LUMBER WORKERS -ffor it.    Let each individual judge it
for himself.
UNION, No. 418—Preaident,  S. D. Uae*
donald. aecretarf-treaaorer, J. M. Campbell, _.__,  _,„ ,,.„..,	
P. O. Box 889.   Meets last Thursday of eaoh . ,      ,.  .„■ * ,__, ____* _,„_.__ _«„_,__
month.       * do not know tt, and I do not care much
NE DAY while in the office of the
Lumber Workers Union, at' 61
Cordova Street West, a very strong
odor of booze filled my nostrils, and
the secretary remarked to me: "By
heavens, I should call for 'law and
order' here;" but coming downstairs
I found a broken bottle of ''Johnny
Walker" lying on the flfth or sixth
step from the .bottom, with the contents freely running down grade.
My purpose in writing this Is not in
any way to associate the Lumber
Workers Union or its officials with
booze. I merely mention the fact that
there are certain other concerns occupying portions of the .Sullivan building, and then shall proceed with the
subject "booze and Lumber Workers," or if you will, "boose amd the
class struggle."
In the past, this subject has been
looked upon by Labor organizations
as something having Uttle or nothing
to do with the class struggle; and as
something which naturally belonged to
some reactionary temperance society
or other bodies of like Ilk. Lot me
tell you right here that I shall not defend nor accept for one moment the
reCormlstlc conception of temperance
Hucietles, uny more than I defend or
accept the passive attitude -adopted in
the past by all Lftbor bodies towards
thl*. subject.
What then Is the point of view we
should develop out of this subject,
and who In particular shall be the
first ones to take note of it?
That is rather a large question, and
owing to the fact that (.pace Is limited,
and that we have to go into the details of everyday life of the workers
in general, and Lumber Workers in
particular, I am afraid that a complete answer in this article will be
Impossible. However, I shall try to
do my best under the circumstances.
Among Lumber Workors, booze ls
considered part of their life. At least
75 per cent, of all their tales and
yarns, told during recess hours, are in
one wny or another connected with
booze. I have seen loggers licking
their lips when something was mentioned about hot rum after performing
a day's work in a wintry rain. I have
Been them ordering barrels of beer
and bottles of 36 overproof for a Saturday evening's amusement party. 1
have seen men going to town for a
"good drunk" in order to get their
stomachs into working order after
having boen poisoned with bad food
supplies, and I have seen them coming
back to camp with the "snakes" after
taking this cure with artificial booze.
These men had their booze during
prohibition days Just the same as dur
Ing the wet period. 1 shall not try to
determine to what extent tho above-
named occurrence have satisfied the
doslres of each participant, because I
Prior to 1919, when the loggers df
this country were 100 per cent, "scls*
sorbin/' that Is, they were unorganized, the booze was looked: upon either
as a medicine or as a means of amusement; but Just as soon as the loggers
were organised, and began to function
as an organized body, they were compelled to note that booze was a very
destructive weapon against their interests. In case of strikes, for instance, when disputes were to be discussed and settled with the bosses, it
was often difficult to get enough
members together for a meeting, b<
cause they were fighting with booze,
This weapon is not only used against
loggers, but ls in use against workers
all over the world. What was done ln
Petrograd ln November, 1917, at the
time of the revolution? The Czar's
small booze supply of 300,000 bottles
of real stuff, located In a cellar under
the city, was thrown open by the bourgeoisie, for the free use of everybody,
with the Intention to make the workers sell their revolution for one good
drunk, hut this time without success.
Every 'bottle was smashed by the
Communists, and soldiers watched so
that no one could touch that stream of
booze as it slowly trickled down to
tho Neva.
The Inldlans of this country were
cheated out of their furs, their wives,
and their territory by fur traders,
chiefly by the aid of booze, I could
continue with such instances Indefl
nltely, but this should suffice to point
out how destructive a weapon booze
really Is, when it Is used against the
workers, when they didn't take drastic
steps to prevent ltt. uso against them'
Well, what shall we do about it?
Not very long ago I read an article
ln a Labor paper to tlie effect that ln
a certain European country, the Metal
Trades Industrial Council had made
the following decision: "That If any
member of the Metnl Workers Union
appeared on the streets or In a public
place in an intoxicated state, he shall
be warned for the tlrnt offence, and
the second time he shall be expelled
from the union."
That Is discipline, nnd lt is discipline
we must have If we are going to succeed tn our struggle against the boss.
Of course, It would be ridiculous to
presume that the L. W. I. U. of C.
should pass similar laws as quoted
above, because the majority of Lum
ber Workers consider booze as a part
of their life. That Is a condition we
have to reckon with. But neverthe
less, we should on One band propagate
the idea against booze as brought out
ih this article, and on the othor hand
we as affiliates of the R. I. L. U. must
particularly demand lhat all active
members of our union literally oompy
with the Ideas brought forth in the
above quotation. V76,
[Columbia Record; sung by John D.
My country 'tis of thee
Mine, Mine and all for me
Of th,ee I sing.
I love thy hills and dells
Oil fields and gushing wells
My Bank Roll swells and swells
Soft, soft for me.
Land pf the stripe and stars
While man drives motor cars
Of thee I'll sing.
My native country thee
Land of the noble free
Pickings for old John D.
Hand it to me.
My country 'tls of thee
Sweet land of liberty
Of theo I sing.
Your neck is in my claws
I greet with keen applause
Your very special laws
Made Just for me.
I love your smiling plains
Green fields and mountain chains
Sing, brothers, sing.
Land of such verdant soil
Land where the suckers toil
I raise the price of oil
Pay, pay, John D.
Long may your system live
While men have aught to give
Hand it to me.
My country 'tis of thee
Sweet grafting plain for me
I tell the slaves they're free,
Soft, soft for me.
Trades Council Calls for
Free Transfer of Cards
(Continued from Page 1)
ing each other during labor disputes, thus preventing secession ln
their ranks, and receive the full
support of the press and the powers of the State whenever they engage in a union-smashing or wage-
reducing campaign, and
WHEREAS, our unions are at
present organized upon trade lines,
each trade having separate agreements and working rules, thus
making united resistance against
the employers impossible, with the
result that we are constantly Buffering defeat, with heavy losses in
membership, and serious lowering
in our standard of living, which, in
turn, gives rise to secession and independent movements, resulting ln
endless confusion, and
WHEREAS, the only solution for
this situation Is the creation of a'
united, front of the workers by so
amalgamating the various trade
unions, that there will remain only
one union for each industry on this
continent, therefore be It
RESOLVED, that this Trades
Congress of Canada endorses the
principles of amalgamation as
herein set forth, and that the executive be Instructed to immediately endeavor to have the various International union arrange a series
of Joint conferences for the purpose of uniting the present craft
unions Into powerful departmentalized industrial organizations, each
of which shall cover an Industry.
Resolution No. 4
WHEREAS, the unemployed situation Is of a national character,
and Is one that cannot be handled
satisfactorily by municipal bodies,
WHEREAS, the extremely low
scale of relief tends to lower the
standard of living of the entire
wage-working -population when unemployment Is rife, be it
RESOLVED,   that   we  call  upon
the Federal Government to assume
the    responsibility for the    unemployment  situation  on   a   national
scale, and tbat work be paid for at
trade   union   rules  and   where  employment    Is    Impossible,   relief   be
paid  at  tbe  rato  of  full   maintenance on the scale laid down in tbo
Labor Gazette, and that work of a
national character such as the construction of roads be undertaken to
provide full sustenance for the unemployed   workers.
A   further     resolution     was  Introduced   by    Delegate     Cottrell  of   the
Street and  Eteutrlo  Railway employees, who moved thut a resolution be
presented  to     the     convention;    the
August Furniture
_aaaa_____________m^maammmmm^_mmm      ■
At Savings from 20 to 60%
Our easy payment plan enables you to have use of
the Furniture while paying for it.
Hudson's Bay Company
resolution was worded as follows:
That this convention goes on
record as being opposed to the actions of President Lewis of the
United Mine Workers, ln aiding the
British Empire Steel Corporation,
by driving the miners back to work
after they had struck against the
use of troops against the striking
steel workers, and against the cancelling of the charter of District
26, and be it further resolved
That this Convention approves of
the action of the militant section
of the workers In District 26 in
thetr efforts to maintain their organization ln spite of the dictatorial
attitude of the United Mine Workers' officials, whose words in the
ultimatum delivered to the miners,
and which compelled them to return to work, was couched ln the
language of the ruling class, and
strengthened the hands of the government of Nova Scotia in the
crushing of the efforts of the workers to better their conditions in the
steel Industry.
In introducing the question of
President Lewis' action, Delegate Cottrell pointed out that the steel workers of Nova Scotia had the sympathy
of the Canadian workers, and that
the statement made by President
Lewis to the press was against the
best interests of the workers of Nova
Scotia. The resolution was adopted
without dissent.
The Exhibition Job was also discussed, and several delegates took the
stand that the job should be placed
on the unfair list, in view of the fact
that men were hired as mechanics,
and compelled to do other work, so
that low wages could be paid for
skilled labor.
Delegate Showier stated that so
long as Mr. Rolston was the head of
the Exhibition Board, labor would
not get a square deal, as he was opposed ln all respects to the organized
labor movement, A special committee, consisting of Delegates Dunn
and Smillie, was appointed to Investigate, and the data secured- placed on
flle for future reference..
THE   COUNCIL  U   prepared  to  recelTo
tenders for tlie erection pf a flre hill it
88th Avenue snd Ctrtler Street.
Plens, Bpeciftettions, forms of tender snd
further Infonnstion nay be obtained on application to Messrs, Gardiner h Mercer, architects, Vancouver Block, Vanconver, D.C.
A depoelt by certified cheque of five (6)
per oent. of the amount tendered la required
with eaeh tender ae security thst the accepted tenderer will enter into a contract
and. provide required bond of 35 per cent,
of tht. tender for the performance of the
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
Tenders must reach the undersigned by
5 p.m. of Monday, August 30 Inst.  _
Municipal Hall. 6851 West Boulevard,
Vancouver, B. C, August 8,   1928.
Thirty-sixth avenue,
between Blenheim and
Tenders for Clearing and
THE   COUNCIL  It   prepared   to   consider
tenders for elearing and grading:
Thirty-fifth   avenue,   between   Blenheim  and
sixth aveni
Alma road, between Marine drive and Forty-
first avenue.
Specifications and further Information may
be obtained on application to tbe Municipal
A deposit by certlflod cheque of 10 per
cent, of the amount tendered is required
with oaoh tender.
Tenders must reach the undersigned by
5 p.m. of Monday, August 20.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
Municipal   Hall,   flafil    West    Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC, August 8,  1929
Keeping timber for B.C. Industries?
Keeping alive a prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur and feather in B. C?
Keeping timber for manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Prevent Forest Fires
100 per cent. Canadian Capital
"Can't Be Beat."
Canadian  Capital  mbans that when you  hoy  BRITANNIA
BEER erery cent of your money stays right in Canada.
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board
thc Oovernment nf British Columbia.
by r
fifteenth year,  no. 33 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY  llSHBt    ll.Jli
For an Enjoyable Outing
Take  the  Forty-Minute  Ride  from  North  Vsncouver  to
Horseshoe Bay
—BY   THB—
In airy ud comfortable coaches, through gorgeous scenery to this
natural beauty spot.
Free running wtter, plcnlo tablet im tailed In a shady park, safe beach for
children, dressing rooms for bathers, and boats for hire.
Adults 701     (Oood day of iiiue only)   Childron 401
Tke train schedule on Sundays la aa follows: Leaves North Vancouver for all
point* to Whyteeliff for Horseshoe Bay, 8.40 a.m., and then 80 minutes past
eaeh hoar till S:80 p-m.   Leave Whyteeliff for all points to North Vaneonver 25
minutes past eaeh hour from 9:25 a.m. till 9:25 p-m.
Farchilt Tickets at 132 Hartingi Pttaat Wort, ax Fan? Wharf, r*ot at Columbia Avanna.
Time Tables tad XaformeUoa may bt obtained at Passenger Department, 128
HsjUags Street Wait, Sty. 9881. and P. O. E. Depet, North Vancouver. Phone
North Vao. 800.
After the Battle
In Nova Scotia
(Continued from pago 1)
ners, they decided to return to work.
This waa done, fhe miners did not
return to work as beaten men—they
retreated before an attack from within their own ranks to save their union
so that they could take up the battle
in he future.
The steel workers decided to return
to work on August 2.   The resolution
■ NM10NM-
Mon., Sat.
Hon., Wed., Sat.
Wed., Sat.
*      Mon.
Wed.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
697.GranvUle Street
that was adopted at the meeting
paints to the circle of enemies that
surrounded them as the reason for
them retreating at this time so that
they could have a chance to reform
their forces for the battles ln the future. The corporation ls blacklisting
both steel workers and miners who
were active during the strike. The
best fighters among the workers are
refused work. By this method the
corporation hopes to get rid ot these
determined fighters by driving them
from the district by starvation.
The Nova Scotia Defense Committee has been established to raise
funds for the defense of about a hundred workers arrested during the
strike for their activities. They and
their dependents must be--supported.
The blacklisted militants must be
kept here to carry on the struggle
against the corporation. An appeal
is being made to the workers of Canada to aid us in thla task. The pockets of the miners and steel workers
are empty. They spent their last cent
during the strike. The battle claimed
many prisoners—we must defend
The workers of Nova Scotia showed
the workers of thla country how to
flght against the blood and Iron policy
of the capitalists governments against
the working class. After the battle
cornea the task of rescuing the work-
era who have fallen Into the hands
of the enemy. All workers can help
in this task. We need money for-defense work, for the support of .the
prisoners and their families, for the
support of the brave fighters who
have been blacklisted. Send us a donation.
Send all money to: Hugh A. McMul-
Leap the Dipi
Old Mill
Every afttrneon and analog.
Adults lOe;  Ohlldren 5c
Wednesdays and Saturdays
0 p.m. to 12 p.m.
Finest pavilion  on  the Paelfle
Take Haitlnft East car, No. 6,
or Powell St. ear, No. 18, to the
Light refreshment! at pavilion.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Mellowed By Age
finds instant favor
with those who demand
beer as it should be.
And its guaranteed
content of nothing but
pure barley malt, selected B. C. hops and crystal mountain water is
a further assurance of
This tdvertliemM. il
not publlihed or <___-
ipltyed by the, —quest
Control Botrd or by the
Government ol British
Friday, August 17 to August 24
FKIDAY, Aug. 17—Molders,
Granite Cutters, City Plre-
Fighters. ,
MONDAY, Aug. 20—Electrical
Workers No. 810, Laborers,
Boilermakers, Bricklayers,
Structural Iron Workers.
TUESDAY, Ann). 21—Trades and
Labor Council.
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 22—Bricklayers.
THURSDAY, Aug. 28—Sheet
Metal Workers, Steam & Operating Engineers No. 844.
TT WILL pay you to fill your Fall and Winter Footwear needs at these
especially attractive prices.  The values are splendid and the quality
speaks for itself.
FAIR visitors are extended a cordial invitation to visit us at 51 Hastings Street West. We
would appreciate the opportunity of showing you
our method of making
Oar latest Issue of Fall Catalogues
ls |ust off the preee. It vrlll prove
to our mutual advantage for yon
to have one.
Ladies'   Black  and   Brown   Calfskin  one-strap
Slippers,   with  Cuban   heels,  good,   substantial
solid leather soles and "counters.
All sizes at, per pair	
Ladles' Patent Leather one-strap Slippers, with
low or Cuban heels; attractive strap-ping on
quarter.    Our special,
per pair	
Just  arrived:   A  very  comfortable  Gypsy  cut
black Dongola Boot,    Particularly suitable for
elderly ladies.    Made ln one width
only, EKE* new fall price, pair...
Misses' one-strap patent and gunmotal Slippers.
Will make good house slippers when the season
is finished.   Sizes 11 to 2.
To clear, per pair        	
Classic make of Mlssej.' first-grade Black and
Brown calfskin Hools; good look-    d»Q  QC
Uppers, with
trap-ping on
a  Gypsy  cut
HUitable for
3tal Slippers,
m the seauon
ing and serviceable; sizes 11-2. pair ,*
Men's brown calf DreSs Shoes, in two good-fitting smart shapes. All solid leather throughout.
For Saturdoy selling only,
per pair; all sizes	
Heavy black chrome Work Boots, with waterproof upper and full double soles; a boot that
gives splendid satisfaction,
All size* per pair	
A Goodyear welted, medium woight Work Boot,
with plain toe in black and brown
calfskin.   Our special at, pair	
Boys' hand-made Scout Shoes; flrst grade on tan
upper, with 10-guage single sole, and spring
heel. A light serviceable shoe for fall wear.
Sizes 11 to 13 $4,00; 1 to 4 $4*35; 4ft to 5tt
Boys' Sporting- Extra White Canvas, rubber
soleB, all sizes to (.ft. Our special d»4 A\f_
to clear, per pair    V-l* ■•**
with water-
a boot that
. Work Boot.
If you experience difficulty in getting good, comfortable
Shoes, a trial of our arch support shoe will be a source of never-'
ending relief.
Workers Party Representative to Tour Alberta
and B. C.
H. M. Bartholomew, an active member of the Workers Party of Canada,
and who has written many articles for
the Labor press on the economic situ
ation in this country, has arranged for
a tour of Alberta and British Columbia. As many points as possible will
be reached, and addresses delivered
on working class topics. The itinerary
as compiled to date, ls as follows:
Drumheller, August 14, 15, 16 and
17, inclusive.
Lethbridge, August 18 and 19 inclusive.
Coalhurst, August 20.
Michel, August 21.
Fernie, August 22.'
Bellevue, Hillcrest, Blairmore and
Coleman, August 24 to 28, inclusive.
Calgory, August 29 and 80.
Nordegg, August 31 to September 3,
inclusive, including Labor Day demonstration.
Vancouver, September 6 to 17.
..Edmonton,   September  19   (including western conference of T. U. E. L.)
A Union Is What You Make it
Some men .imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that It ls
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation ln
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing tlieir subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It.
SEATTLE friends   .
Seattle VACATION week;
And one day
Her HOSTESS said:
"Here ls YOUR dty paper-
You'll be GLAD to get
The HOME news."
Casting a WISTFUL glance
At the TITLE-
Why, I NEVER knew
That THERE was
SUOH a paper
She was a WORKING girl;
Exceptionally CLEVER
And INDUSTRIAL science,
And a PERFECT command
Of that RARE grace
Of BOTH women aud men.
A POKTY-FOl'lt-hoiir week,
She did NOT know
That  those PLEASANT hours
Wero FOUGHT for «
Will) made POSSIBLE
Of ALL wagC'carners.
Her ONLY news medium
Was the SUBSIDIZED press—
CENSORED newspapers,
Whicli DARE nut print
To the WORKERS' endup.
When EVERY wage-earner
Of THEIR home town,
Will Ix-comc a SECOND-CLASS
Patronise Federationist advertisers.
Says Friends of Soviet Russia Have Done Good
Enemies of the Friends of Soviet
Russia have made the charge that
money collected by us was not uaed
for Russian relief, but for propaganda
aimed to break Up the unions, "bore
from within," etc., etc.
We have in our flies a score of cables and .several letters from Russia,
acknowledging the good work done by
us in Russia, through the International Workers Relief. One of these is
frofn Lenin.
The most recent of these acknowledgments comes from M. I. Kalinin,
president of the All-Russian executive
committee. It Is dated July 12, 1923,
and reads as follows:
"Dear Friends: In connection with
the International conference of economic aid to Russia, whic his now taking place in Berlin at the initiative* of
the International Workers Relief to
Soviet Russia, I would like to make
special note of your conspicuous activities in fighting the famine and Its
after-effects In Russia.
"The assistance afforded by the
Friends of Soviet Russia in America,
who supplied several thousands of
children in various children's homes,
shipped hundreds of thousands of
suits of clothes and large quantities
of foodstuffs and medical supplies, in
adldtion to dozens of tractors, altogether to the value of over 3,000,000
gold rubles, was a substantial and important help to the whole Russian nation in Its endeavors to overcome the
famine and reconstruct the ruined
economy of the country.
"I have considerable pleasure also
In making note of the fact that the
extensive humanitarian activities
which you have conducted at hundreds of meetings and through the
press, have helped to throw light on
the true state of affairs in Russia, and
has at the same time helped to bring
both nations, closer together , ln a
friendly understanding.
"I thank you heartily ln the name
of the Russian government and the
Central committee for combatting the
after-effects of the famine, and wish
success to your activities in the future.
(Signed) M. I. KALININ,
President All-Russian Central Executive Committee and Central Committee for Combatting After-Bffects
of Famine."
Germany Facing
Civil War
(Continued from Page 1)
to publish the material, and to call
up the working class to defend itself. Perhaps when the revolution
begins the Social Democratic Party
will again pose as Bpoke&men of the
workers, but the Communist Party
must understand that the leaders of
the Social Democratic Party will fail
completely 'to make any serious revolutionary flght against  Fascism.
We, Communists, alone can v/ln
In this flght agalnBt counter-revolution. And we can only win if we succeed in leading Into the flght, together with ub, the Social Democratic
and   neutral • working  masses  .
For this purposev we must make
immediately all preparations for an
effective military defence.
(In the next passages Instructions
are given as to the organization of
provisions with food, defence formations, courier service, etc.)
The Party must make its organization so effective that it cannot fall
even in a single district, during the
open civil war. The plans of the
Fat.c)sti are made on a military bnsis,
They have Issued the watchword: to
carry on the civil war ln the most
brutal nnd violent manner. They intend to shoot every prisoner who resists them, and to execute one out
of overy ten strikers.
White Terror vs. Itcd
Such a Fascist offensive can qnly
be defeated If the White Terror Is
to be opposed by the red torror.
If the Fascisti, armed to the teeth,
shoot the revolutionary fighters, the
latter must annihilate without pity
all the Fusclsti. If the Fascist! execute ono out of  every   ten   strikers,
then the revolutionary workers must
shoot every fifth member of Fascist
organizations. The Party must be
determined, If conditions demand,
alone to issue tbe call to flght, and
alone to take over tbe leadership.
This meanB raising the standard of
revolutionary resistance to Entente
Imperialism, It means a resistance
which, In alliance with Soviet Russia,
will lead to a victorious struggle
against French imperialism and to
the liberation of Germany.
We are on the eve of decisive
events. We have to prepare ourselves and the masses without panic,
in cold blood, with clear heads. The
moment of the offensive may. be
postponed again, but this does not
alter the seriousness of the danger.
Comrades, the Communist Party
haB never before heen such a powerful factor in the German revolution.
Throughout the country thousands ot
recruits are Joining our rnnks. If we
succeed In mobilizing the wide masses
of the workers who are willing to
flght, then the flght can only end in
the victory of the working class over
Close tlio ranks of the vanguard of
the German proletariat. Let us flght
hi Ute spirit of Carl Liebknecht and
Rosa Luxemburg." v
—Workers'  Weekly.
English Twill Shirts
Madte from English Twill, cream color, with
dainty stripes.   These shirts are excep-
" tional value; they wash well, look wpll'and
wear well. Some have collars to match.
Special $1.95
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
The greatest assistance that the
readers of The Federatlonist can render ns at this time, l_ by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread the news of the working elass
movement and assist no.
Always look up The Fed. advertiser!
before making purchases. y
■TWO men went into n store—
* one a single mun from nn a*.**
soclatlon: he received 10 iter
cent, discount on his goods; thc
other man has a faintly, uud is
out of work; he paid 10 per
cent, more for his goods. We
charge one fnir prioe to nil,    '
Men's tan Muleskin Boots, with
elk sole, at »S.&0
Boye* White Running Shoes, 1
to 6, with solid rubber sole
and heel. Regular price,
J2.1B, now  ...v     76c
Children's White Running Shoe,
4 to le\_\ reg. $1.40; now 15c
Men's Black Bib Overalls, 82 to
i    44, at ftr-M
Men's Muttyikin Glove*;    -15c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shots
(Bttwtu 7th ud Ilk Avurnu)
Phone, Fnirmont 48S_
Second Summer Meet
7 Running Races Daily 7
Rain or Shine
First Race 2:30 p m.
New Hones     New Riders
l-Svcry reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Put a one-cent stamp on this papj
and mall it to a friend.
Hand   The   Federatlonist   to   your
Bhopmate when you are through with
After-Eating   Distress
And All forroi of itomach trouble, inch ;
ftt, paini, acid, tonr, burning atomaob a.
all relieved in two ralnutei by taking
JoTo told by all Draff irta.
Sunday, August 19th
At 8:00 p. m.
Speakers from Local Organizations Will Be Present |
Upstairs at 668 ORANVILLE STREET
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Design.. Wedding Bouquet., Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, florMa' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
_8 Hasting* Street East        2—STORES—2        Wt GranvUle Street
Sejr. _8S.-7_ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. (MS-llll
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamers et your service,
Calling at all Northern B. O. Coast Points. Lumber and Mining Camps,]
Canneries and Pulp and Paper Mills,
For further particulars apply:
Phone Sey. .106


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