BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Oct 12, 1923

Item Metadata


JSON: bcfed-1.0345563.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345563-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345563-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345563-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345563-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345563-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345563-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
I Expect to Thresh Out Unofficial
Strike of 1000 Members
at Oalgary
[ Oompany Claims the Right to Hire
and Discharge At Its
[Labor News Correspondence!
I 4 LB12RTA coal miners are expect-
J\ ed to thresh out lhe unofficial
striko of 1000 members in the Drumheller region of District 18, U.M.W.
A., at the district convention to he
held in Calgary, October 16th, International President John L. Lewis
and District President Wm. Sherman
will take part In the convention. The
Drumheller strike, said by district
officials to be in violation of contract
and thereforo "outlaw" hinges about
discrimination by thc company against
union mon who have beon active in
union  work.    It is charged that the
[ company shut down the Hy Grade
nine and later re-opened it In order
to get rid of Jim Conroy and other
card men who have kept the company busy living up tu union conditions. Tho company claims the right
hinder the agreement to hire and flre
as it pleases. The unionists claim
that working practice has always
returned laitl-off miners to their own
mine and working position particularly in preference to new mon coming in. Conroy was refused his old
place at the Hy Grade and a number
,of new men, some of them emnil-
grants from England and Scotland,
wcro brought In by tho operator. He
Is known as Bent Axle Hill Henderson, and Is said to have been a strike
breaker in the Nova Scotia district
before becoming an Alberta operator.
After some persuasion the imported
men agreed to quit together with the
■old men who struck against tlie discrimination suffered by Conroy, a
1 former subdlstrict board member.
The interpretation of the clauses o£
the agreement in dispute will probably
finally made  by  the  district con-
Iventlon, which will meet In the Great
War Veterans Memorial  hall here.
$2.50 PER YEAR
Vters progress
Memben Now   106,887—Out   Ior
GoaV    xj '0,000 Members by
% wry,  1024.
The Brotl, *J id'of Painters, Decorators and I1. . -»• tiangers of America
"has shown a steady gain in membership during the past year," declares
the Painter and Decorator, the brotherhood's official organ. The union
has a membership of 106,887 and its
officials are out for a goal of 110,000
by January, 1924. As for finances,
the receipts, including balance on
hand on January 1, for the first six
months of Ifl23 amount to $776,489,
whilo the disbursements for the same
period total $318,129. Tho payments
in tho death and disability fund
amounted  to  $136,882.
Sees United Statea Drifting Toward   Autocracy — Plain
People the Hope
Declares Deflation Chief Evil-
Foreign Conditions Falsely
Made a Factor
A DDHESSING progressive and labor
groups interested in a third party
movement in the east at Now York recently,    United    States   Senator-elect
Answers British Delegates Who
Addressed the A. F. of L,
"We are on the threshold of an epoch
I wherein labor, through its duly constituted representatives, will at length
govern thc country, says David
Adams, M.P,
I To Have Immigration and Escape
Trouble Is Declared to Be
the Problem
Delves Into Solution of Question
-Assist   Voluntary  Farm
Laborers on Land
fccrpHERE is need in the United
■        States of immigration, but there
i no need' for revolution," said Domi-
hick D'Alessandro, president of the
International Hodcarriers Building
■md Common Laborers union of America, at the Multnomah hotel, Port'
land, on Saturday. "To havo one and
kvold the other Is a problem," be said,
Bnd immediately delved Into the solution of that problem.   "Now we have
l quota for Immigration. Let that stay
Is It Is. But In addition to those who
liter under that quota let us admit
lose who will como voluntarily to go
pon our farms and clour our loggod-
IX lands. Farm laborers, 1 mean,
hose  who  will  come to thc United
!tates voluntarily, knowing that they
re immediately to go upon the farms,
'111 give us no trouble. They will
ave had some experience and will be
'illing to forego the charms of tho
\g cities for the simpler life on farms,
hey will not he wanting to hang
round for a long time looking for
ibs or getting into trouble, they will
s working.
"If they want to clear land let us
live them a start, a couple of horses
|nd a couple of cows, and give them
■period of years in which to pay it
Rack, As soon as they get on the land
Jhey will start to produce. A Uttle
■leared space and they will grow some
Af their own foods. In a few years
Ihey will be better off and better citl-
lens than many who will enter the
|ountry under the quota requirements.
"The advantages are these: We will
let men who know farming; they will
lot be looking for charity, but will be
lining to work; they will make con-
I'ntcd, satisfied citizens.
"Europe  will  be  relieved  from  Its
present   overcrowded   condition,   and
country   will   obtain   the bene-
|t without trouble."
Theological versus the Scientific
Fob It ion
f This will be tho aubject of the flrat
Jildress of Dr. Curry's course on "The
Iroblems of Life and Labor." The
Jieetlng will be bold in the W, P. hall,
103 Pender street west, on Friday,
Bctober 12, at 8 p.m. Questions and
llscusslon. All interested are Invited
|o attend,
JVIagnus Johnson told how the farmers
of Minnesota wrecked both the old
pnrty machines and aent two Indepen
dent senators to Washington. Representatives of more than half a million
organized workers were said to be in
the gathering, which filled the ball to
overJIowing. Senator Johnaon attributed his election to tht recognition
of the fact that by tho people of Minnesota thai the strength and 'prosperity of the nation depends upon the
prosperity of the working claBS.
West Awakening
"Just about every one or.t our way
has proved this principle to hla own
satisfaction in the last three yeara,"
said tho senator. "When the farmor
got little or nothing for his produce
under normalcy, the local storekeeper
could not sell to the farmer; so the
storekeeper proved the point even li
he did not know it before.
"When the storekeeper could not
sell, he could not buy of the travelling
salesman, so the travelling salesman
proved it for himself. When the Bales-
man could not sell, the wholesalers
grasped this basic faet. When the
wholesalers and jobbers could not sell,
the manufacturers also became convinced. All the organization, all the
efficiency, all the advertising, all the
tariffs, all the open-ahop movement
they could muster, could not bring
them business when the workers on
the farm could not buy."
The senator said that the reverse of
this principle, "tho theory that the
prosperity and strength of the nation
can be developed best by helping the
very rich to be richer more rapidly"
Is responsible for the present condition of the western farmera. He aaid
thiB false principle waa applied with
extreme vigor by the Foedral Reserve
board in 1920. The farmera, he said,
discovered that any measure of deflation tends to lower prices.
Farmer Co-operation
"We have more farmer co-opcratlon
in Minnesota than is to be found in
any state in the union, but we know
that deflation is as bad for producers'
co-operation us it is for the individual
producer. We know that co-operation
or economic organization of any kind
Is not a substitute for a just and honest government."
He said he was glad to ace that or
ganized labor throughout tbe country
waa alao awake to the Importance of
national policies.
"Neither farmers, workera nor manufacturers," he said, "can stick thoir
heads into their own group organization and allow the 2 por cent, to determine whether it rains or shines,
whether we have Inflation or deflation,
whether we have business on un even
keel or panic. The best co-operative
marketing is feeble if there ls no
market. A atrong labor union ennnot
operate unless thero Ib employment to
operate on,'^
Drifting Toward Autocracy
"America Ib in a class by Itself on
theae matters as compared to other
leading countries of the world. In the
others the struggle haB been to progress from absolute autocratic government. It ls from autocracy to the welfare of the masses. In America, on
the ether hand, we started with free
govornment and our road has unfortunately taken us in recent years toward empire and autocracy. The constitution and law and order find best
support in America in tho plain poople. The revolutionary forcea are financial and autocratic. When farmera
and workers and others of the 08 per
cent, take a more active interest in
politics, their work is restoration and
not overthrow. Tho barking of 1200
newspapers and 100,000 politicians to
tbe contrary cannot chango this basic
fact. Politics, national and International, are being used to put trade and
resources into certain hands and out
of their natural economic channels.
Those who criticize us for urging a
Uttle public ownership are outrageous
violators of their own doctrine."
Political Understanding Necessary
—The Make-up of American
the Britlah delegates commenced
as such fraternal addresses usually do,
it switched to labor and thon to government. Pinks, reds, garnets and
the 57 other varieties of radicals were
flayed In no uncertain terms. "This
vast domain of America is a bit different than that of England," said Mr.
Gompers. "In that country you have
a people who, many of them, count
their ancestry for centuries as English, as Scotch, as Welsh, as Cornish.
In America there are few who can
count tbeir geneology more than a
generation or two back, and most of
us are of the flrst nativity In our
generation or by acquired citizenship.
Necessary to Understand
"There is in our country a system
of government whtch it is necessary
to understand thoroughly in order that
somo degree of compurison may be
"Whether there is power vested in
the courts of our country, as exercised by our courts, it is not necessary
at this moment to discuss; but in any
ovent our courts bave exorcised functions which, the history of tbe United
States discloses, was never grunted or
conceded to them.
"In the government of the United
States there is recognized In our constitution   three   co-ordlnute   branches
of government,  the    legislative,    the
judicial.     Each  is supposed  to be a
balanco   and   check   upon   the  other.
In   I ruth  and  inherently  there Is no
such co-ordinate power.    The legislative  branch of our government mny,
if circumstances   warrant,    summons
to the bar of our congress cither or
both  of  tho other  branches  of the
government and   make  them  anawer
to charges, trial and aubject to Impeachment and  removal.      There is
no such power vested iij th,e jexecu-
tive or the judicial branches.
America Is Heterogeneous
"But there are two other features
to which I think attention might bo
aptly called.      One of them is    the;
make-up of    our    American  citizenship, even In our day.     There is a
homogeneity among    the    people of
Knglund.     You  are  Angles,  you are
Scotchmen, you are Welshmen,    but
the great aum total of it is that you
are In the Britiah Isles.      We in the
United    States    were    composed    of
three millions of people at the time
of   the Declaration    of Independence
and when tho government of the republic of the United  States was set
up.     They   were   Americans   from
England,  from  Ireland and  Scotlnnd
and Wales and Holland and    a    few
from other countries.     Since then we
have grown Into n population of approximately   110,000,000   and   coming
from all climes and countries, speaking as many languages and dlnlecta
aa thoae who built the tower of Babel.    And the worst of It la they continue to speak those languages and lo
think in their own languages.
Study tlio Difference
"It would  be a    most    interesting
thing   to    Btudy the difference* which
exists between the element to which
reference bas   been made, and known
under various colors   ns    pink   and
red  and  garnet and   blue  and  other
of the  57  varieties.      The  character
ol   the  activities  of   this  species  of
the    humun    In your   country   and
that  of    the    aame  species  in     our
America,   are  as  wide  apart  ns it  is
possible  for  humans to  be .   Their
attempt at academic impression upon
the   labor   movement   of  England   ia
one thing,  and    tlie    strike-breaking
tendencies    and    activities    of    that
species  human  in  the  United  Stale!
and Canada are of a different type
"The seamen and the railroad shop
men  In  their recent controversies to
■protetct themselves and their fellows,
could a talc unfold thnt would make
the hair atand upon your Vends like
the quills of the    fretful    porcupine.
If these people were paid by the concentrated interests of the employers
of America, they could  not do theli
job half as well us they are doing It
Labor Firmly Kiiwonced
"This labor movement in America'
hns done so much for American
workers, the American people, that
there isn't anything that can eliminate It; not tho bitter antagonism ot
employers and big buainess nnd high
finance, nor of the serpent which is
trying to stung us In the heart. It
hus brought to thc life of America's
workers a better duy; It haa given
them hope and courage and ability
to fight for tho right, whatever might
betide, ll hua instilled tho spirit of
unity and solidarity into tho workers,
the organized workers and tho unorganized, nnd though tbe unorganized
aro not wilh us In our movement
they are Inspirited with tho idea and
purpose of thl« labor movement of
Second   Annual  Exhibition  Will  Be
Hold at Victoria, on
November 12-17
The second annual provincial potato
show and educational seed exhibit of
all crops, will be held in the Arcade
building, Victoria, November 12-17,
under the auspices of the provincial
department of agriculture, Victoria
Potato Growers association and chamber of commerce. The show will be
officially opened to the public on Wednesday afternoon, Nov. 14, at 2:30 p.
m. Reduced transportation rateB
(regular fare and one-third) having
been secured on the railroads and
steamships, it la hoped that all those
Interested ln the potato Industry will
avail themselvea of the opportunity to
attend thia annual event. A special
claas for cottnge gardeners haa been
arranged, and should therefore be an
inducement for city folk as well as
farmers to take an interest in the
show. For further particulars write
to C. Tice, department of agriculture,
Victoria, or your nearest agricultural
Negotiations Between Representatives of Men and Employers Pail
Government Ownership and Labor Control in Queensland
After 11 Years
Official Statement Covering; Vancouver Situation Given Out
by Committee
IN 1921, owing to adverse economic
conditions we lost certain time-
established working conditiona. During the last few years a proccaa bf
speeding up haa been In force which
haa resulted in Increasing the hazards
of tho occupation. Thia has created
a feeling umong the membership tbat
the wages und conditions prior lo
1921, together with aome' minor
chnnges should ugain be put into operation. In conformity with thia
Idea a proposed schedule of wages
and working conditions waa presented to the Shipping Federation of B.
C. on September 1st.; thirty slxdays
before tlie expiration of the ngreement then in operation.
On September 5th they acknowledged our letter and assured us it
would be put before their executive
committee Immediately. We heard
nothing further from them however
and on September 14th our association wrote them again asking what
disposition had been taken by their
federation on the documents we had
submitted   for   their  consideration.
On September 17th, we received
their reply, the tenor of whicli waa
"That the Federntion did not think
conditiona warranted a rniae ln the
base wage, but offering to meet our
committee to dlacusa revisions In
working conditions at any time our
committee were ready." We answered their letter thc same day (September 17th) and naked If It waa al
all possible, lhat the committee meet
prior to our regulnr meeting which
waa on September 21st.
We received no answer until September 22nd (after our meeting)
when a meeting was arranged for
Tuesdny, September 25th. It was
evident nt thia time that lbe ettf-
ployers were playing a stalling gnme
Nothing was accomplished at thla
meeting, the opinion of tho chairman being Hint Mic method of revision presented by <>ur committee
was too complicated, and he suggested an adjournment, suggesting at the
same time, thnt the present wage-
schedule nnd working conditions br
pa railed clause by clause wltli^ tbr
changes   desired.
This wua agreed lo, nnd done, and
the p.ommltlees met again on tho following day, September 26th.
The reault of tbat meeting waa,
Hint certnin assurances were given to
the committeo of this association
nmong which was a meeting of a
smaller committee from each side to
meet on the morning of Scptem.e>r
28th (Friday.)
Despite thia nasurn uce, Instend of
a meeting being held, a communication waB received from tho Shipping
Federation stating lhat they desired
more time to acquire information,
(Continued on page 3)
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall lt to a friend.
II, P,
British Delegate to A. F. of L.
Portland Convention Visits
W. C,  Robinson,  British  fraternal
delegate to thc convention of tbe A.
F. of I_„ sviU addreaa two meetings In
Canadian cities on bis return trip lo
Knglnnd. He will li-avo Portland
Thursday, and win speak first ul Victoria, R C. Then ut Winnipeg, Man,,
he will address a mass meoting to outlino the alms and objects or the Britlah labor movement. It is understood
Hint Hie Britiah movement haa been
misrepresented In the latter city, Mr.
Robinson's meeting will ho in conjunction whb a campaign being waged by
organized labor for greater membership.
B. C. Should Develop and Operate
Steel Industry, Said Queensland Engineer
/GOVERNMENT ownership of mines,
Bmelters, railroads, banks, streetcar lines, packlng-houaea, flour mills,
butcher shops, etc., in Queensland,
Australia, has proved a success In
overy way, Including greatly reduced
costs to the consumer, increased wagea
to tho workers and a fair profit in the
conduction of these industries, according lo J. W. Brophy, who, for several
years has been general superintendent
of the state coal mines in Queensland.
Mr. Brophy stopped fn Vancouver for
a few days while en route to Philadelphia to visit his son, who la attending
college In thut city, and incidentally
paid a visit to The Federatlonist.
"The success of the labor governmont in Queensland during the last
election was due primarily to the energy and organizing ability of Premier
Theodore," said Mr. Brophy. "For
the flrst time in the history of the
country, the entire state was covered
in an olection campaign by the leader
of tho party, and Premier Theodore
accomplished thia feat by the use of
airplanes and electric cars on the railroads. He had the hardest fight that
ever confronted him, for the 'political
enemies of the government tried to
bring about a coalition with a farm-
era' party and win enough seats to
overthrow the lnbor government.
"But Premier Theodore beat them
at their own game. He formulated a
farmera' platform that met the approval of the majority of the agriculturalists, und with the progressive farmers
and labor working together, captured
tbo election. Theodoro gained the
support of the farmera, und the farm
ers and labor ure now working toge^
ther In Queensland.
Theodore Great Statesman
"Premier Theodore is considered to
be the greatest statesman ever produced in Australia, and I expect to see
htm premier of fill Australia some*)
day. He was a miner nt one time. He
is a big man, bolh physically and
mentally. As ho Is about 3(i years of
age, ho la yot a young man."
Unemployment is not a serious problem in Queensland, explained Mr.
Brophy, principally because the workers earn auch high wnges they can
afford to be idle a month or two u
year through unemployment. Tho
spectacle of the police and aoldiers
shooting down strikers, or in any way
being used against .striking workmen
Is never witnessed ln Queensland, because there is a labor government
which would not countenance such action. Incidentally, thu police in
Queensland are totally unarmed, carrying neither gun nor club. And yei
they police effectively and efficiently
because they have the confidence and
respect of all thc#people.
No Slums
There are no alums in Queenslnnd.
Such cheap rules prevail on the railroads that workera can easily afford
to reside milea diatnnt from the cities
nnd to go to nud from their work by
fast trains.
Nearly all lund In Queensland Is uot
sold to farmers, but turned over to
tbem for use on long-term leases. The
comparatively lew freehold land-own-
ors nre taxed to thc limit. It ia a
general practice in Queensland, nol
mere theory, as In this country, thai
the rich mun paya Hie poor man's
share of taxation.
"Queenslnnd baa had a labor govornment now for eleven years." said
Mr, Brophy. "Senator (Haase. an
Englishman, was the Aral man t i
atari the labor movement In Australia, He wns a miner back in Hng-
l.ind. He retired rrom tbe political
Held in Queensland wilb an empty
pocket—rather unusual lor most old
party political leaders.
Favors It, O, Steel Plan
As goneral superintendent of the
state coal minea. Mr. Brophy la particularly well informed in regard to
the workings of stute enterprises. He
bellcvea that a grent opportunity
awaits British Columbin in thc development of her Iron ores. Ii right conditions and proper control could be
brought about, ho would favor having
tho provincial government assume
control and oporation of the proposed
new steel fndustrv on Vancouver Island. With both Iron ore an.d coin so
close together, and with the smelters
being located on tho waterfront, Mr.
Brophy believes that a steel Industry
could be developed in Hritish Columbia that would bo more favored with
natural conditions thnn la lho caso In
any steel centre in lhe world, and
could easily meet the competition of
tho world.
Ol tho principal state-owned coal
mines In Queensland, tbo Styx mine
employs 400 men, the Bowen mine
500, lhe linlnlnbu 300, and the Chilugo
smolters nnd copper mints about 8000,
The minora are woll pnid, have good
working conditions nnd the minos pay
a fair roturn.
Liverpool Aocepts   Tender   for Coal
• at 27b.—Other Consumers Pay
50s. a Ton
For example, the chairman of the
finance committee of the Liverpool
corporation, which recently accepted
a tender for coal at 27s. a ton, could
not understand why he, like other
consumers, had to pay 60s. a ton.
Lacking an explanation the 'Municipal Journal, whilst confessing Ub
lack of enthusiasm for municipal
trading, declq-res that lf corporations
can get coal at 27s. a ton they could
aell it to the citizens at considerably
less than 50s., and that this development of municipal enterprise would
meet with general aproval—even from
the people who abhor municipal
British Delegate's Address to the
Portland Convention of A.
P. of Labor
Must   Capture  Machine   Which
Makes Laws and Governs
the People
Knocks Fallacy of National Liberals and Conservative! About
C. BOBINSON, member of the
British delegation, is a member
of the British house of commons, having won the seat formerly held In
that body by one of the richest brewers In England. Beforo the A.F. of L.
convention at Portland, he discussed
labor, the strength of the labor party,
national and intornutlonal affairs, and
tbe Ruhr occupation. He pleaded
with his American colleagues to take
stepa that would prevent future wars,
he asked for a league of nations, and
expressed tbo thought that somo day
America would enter such a league.
llulc of Machinery Object.
"To my mind, the most significant
thing about the preaent ago is that
It ia one which believes Itself to be
the age of progress." aaid Mr. Robinson. "Progress is its watchword. It
ia an age which saw the harnessing
of the forces of nature to serve mun-
klnd, an age of scientific achievement,
of eonao(|U--ritinl induatrlal development and economic organization. It,
therefore, behooves us, so wo believe
In the old country, to capture the
machine which makes the lawa nnd
governs the people.
'I have heard your president nnd
others refer to reds and radicals,
bolsheviks, communists and so on, as
you term them hore. I do not correctly understand the terms—we have
some more advanced than others; so
have all parties, but I am an opponent
of mad acts, wild schemes and unconstitutional action. Benson and constitutional methods muat prevail. We
In the old country believe in parliamentary uction; we are convinced of
Its worth and uacrulness.
Labor Party's strength
When we started we had four representatives in the houae of commons.
In 1900, wo had 2fl; In 1918. 57, nnd
In   1922,   wo  hnd   141.
"My friends, 1 stand here as n member of tho labor party thanking you
for whut you did in the grent war.
You just came, it ls true when we
needed you and hnd you come earlier
wo could have closed It earlier
Whatever may be said ns to the differences between America and England, we love you and look on you
ns brothers and sisters.
"I want to aay right hero, that ao
far us Hie lalior party ia concerned
we are lho recognized official opposition to bis majesty's govornment.
We believe that through parliamentary means we can strengthen this
trade union movement because we
must live by the laws thai are mnde
and we believe that no laws can be
mndo tbat are more b 11 liable to the
toller than those luwa in which he
haa hnd n part In the making.
a bcngiio of People
"I may aay that tho labor party
stands for the league of nations, and
1 do hope and trust lhat some day
you will come to that league. lt
may not be called a league of nations. I prefer that wo havo fl
league of people, but we must bave
a league thut wtll prevent war.
"Wo of tho lubor purty bolfev* In
legislation, In our opinion, it is
primary because It la necessary tbat
an economic democracy ahould arrive giving to labor the rights to
which it la entitled. Tbe workers
me ihe producers of the menn-j of
life. They should ceaso lo be (he
toys of capita]. They ought tO be
lifted to Induatrlal oquallty, Capital ought no longer to have prlnrltv
in modern society. The worker
OUgltt lo cense to be the serf nf Hie
factory and become a fre,* agent In
production r -gaillJMd on lho principles of democracy."       (Applause.)
Not Over-population but Other
Causes Which Determines
Trade Cycles
[Labor Press Service]
LONDON, Sept. 27.—Sir William
Beveridge has performed a public
service by knocking on the head tho
fallacy, sedulously propagated by the
conservatives and tho national liberals, that there will alwaya be a million unemployed in thfs country, It Is
a convenient piece of sophistry, because it excuses the failure of the
post-war governments to deal with
thc problem of unemployment, but lt
ia without foundation in fact. "We
see," said Sir William Beveridge, ln
his address to the economic science
section of the British association, "ln
central Europe, a nation which should
assuredly bo suffering from over-population lf any nation is; Germany, defeated in war, has been compressed
within narrower limits, has lost her
shipping and foreign investments, her
outlets for emmigration and trade,
and now, by high birth-rates, is repairing with exceptional speed the
human losses of the war."
Tlio Great Question
"If unemployment Is duo to the
pressure of the population upon the
means of BUbsistance why, may we
aak, should Belgium, with her populntion of 058 to thc square mile, and
Holland, where there are 550 people
to tho squaro mile, suffer less from
unemployment than Great Britain
with an nverago of 481 to the square
mile? Since tho Industrial revolution thore havo been periods of exceptionally acute unemployment alternating wltb trade booms. In 1858
the uverugo level of unemployment
wus 11.9; in 1868 It wus 7.9; after
sinking in 1872 to as low as 0.9 lt
rose In 1879 to 11.4. The boom of
1882, whon unemployment was 2.3,
was followed by a slump Listing for
four years, und unemploymont reached the peak figure of 11.4 In 1886.
During th"ls period tho population increased in each decade by between
2,000,000 and 3,000,000. It wns not
over-population, but other causes,
which determined the trade cyeluj.
Without It Impossible to Have a
Very High Standard of
There Are Only About 27 Nursery
Schools Where Should Be
UTO/1T110UT a
W education \
high standard of
we ennnot have a
high atandard of citizenship." This
waa the declaration of It. It. Tawney
In an Incisive address daring Hie session of the junior summer school of
the independenl labor parly at Hod-
doadon. "Education ia not merely a
matter of ibe touching carried on,"
he said, "it in u matter of ibe whole
clal onvlronme
-neiiiiion Inltuc
io   fixed   point
Ibing   els.
need    of   gl
wth.       'I
begin   witb
which   evi
child and
means   il
■  care   of  '
Ho   ohild.
Mr.  Till
Ing points.
■  made
csenl, In
al   [Q
Hnnd your neighbor tbls copy of
The Federationist, and thon call
around next day for a subscription.
\V    limine   ii
Win.   I
tin  and
publie in
11,     Am;
oi  Quito i:
will  uddre
in Sunday,
If  lhe  trade union   movement   does
not shortly tnckle tho problems which
confront it diaaater la In sight, says
E,  Shinwell,   M.l\
I Im
of Ho- children in olcrnefci
da were' defective, wl:Je
meant tbere wns urgent need fo • q
larger provision of nursery and sp -c-
lal schools. Thore are, ho added In
this connection, only 27 nursery
SOhools where then: ahould be thousands. In place of the "watertight"
elementary and secondary "compartments" thore should be a primary
system llo Include nursery schools)
for all children up to II; a secondary
aystem for puplla up to 18, and then
tho universities. "There can be no
doubt whnt policy socialists should
adopt," concluded Mr. Tawney. "Our
policy ahould be universal, free secondary education, with a grent Increase in the types of secondary
schools, which would permit of certain
schools taking on a special bins In
this or thai direction."
Accept Wngo Scale
The it. i:, Blectric Railway street
car men bave accepted thc recent
award of the conciliation board granting Increases of several eents per
hour to motormen and conductors,
by a vote of more than three to one.
A Ileal Pres«Mita|loit
Fred, florae, baasoonlat nt the
Capitol thoatro, whb presented with a
baby girl. The presentation, however,
wna not from the Capitol theatre orchestra.—B, C. Musician. PAGE TWO
fifteenth tear. No, 4i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b.c.
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
Ths  British  Columbia  Federationist
Business Office:  1129 Howe Stroot
Editorial Offlce: Room 306—319 Pender W.
Editorial Board: P. 11. Bongough, It. H. Noel*
 anda. George Bartley.	
Subscription Rate: Unltod Statos and Foreign, |3.00 por yoar; Canada, $2.50 por
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions sub'
scribing in a body, 10c per moaibor per
Unity of Labor:   The Hope of the World
FRIDAY October 12, 1923
CONSIDERABLE disoussioii has
i talton place over the letter from
Mayor Chas. R Tlsdall to lhe Trades
nnd Labor council regarding day labor
work on the Colllngwood Valley storm
sower. Tenders for it hud been received from sevoral contractors, the lowest being $1G5,;.38.20. Engineer Slater, of the board, put in a sealed estimate, which amounted to $167,076.03.
Whereupon tlie sewerage board decided to do the job by duy labor. In
the end a saving of $43,290.75 to the
ratepayers was made. TheMnayor and;
his confreres were "very much criticized for such action." Tbe engineer
saya that "the results attained for this
saving have been largely due to the
hearty coordination of the administration, engineering and works departments of the board." The members of the Vancouver and District
Joint Sc-werago and Drainage bourd
should be congratulated on their efforts and good work, instead of belnb
"slammed" hy the supporters of contract-labor. Honest criticism is always
a good thing, but biased and unlogl-
cal opinions are harmful. In this case
we hold that tho majority of ratepayers will approve of this undertaking
which has turned out so successful.
Tho problem of doing civic work by
day labor instead of by contract, is
not a new onc. For over 25 years it
has been a live question in Canada.
The most serious objection to it, as is
always hinted at, is corruption that it
might foster among would-be aldermen and some constituents. Another
adverse reason is thut the desiro to
give everyone employment will lower
the standard of the workmen cm-
ployed. If this were so, It is not fair
to assume that it is right to make
them works of charity, Because the
city can always command the services
of men of equal—or even better—
skill with those hired by contractors.
In fact, if a certain fair standard of
wages and working conditions is maintained, it Is altogether probable that
thc men will seek employment in the
servico of the municipal corporation
rather than work for contractors.
A ratepayer and contractor objects
to having the work done cheaply.
This may or may not have a meaning
deeper than the surface. What does
he mean by "cheaply?" Doos ho suggest that the work has been done in
a slip-shod manner, without regard to
permanency, by inferior workmen—In
fact, any old way so long as it is done
at a low cost to the taxpayer?
Or are we to understand that he
approves the principle of competition
in thc labor market to such a point
that workmen will be forced through
thc necessity of providing a bare existence for themselves to accept employment from contractors on any
conditions they may choose to make.
A tenderer on public works can only
outwit the city overseer in one or
other, or both, of these directions. If
such becomes a fact, who are the Ips-
ors? Why, tho ratepayers, of course.
If tbe saving In eost arises out of Jerry
work, the contractor gets his profits
just the same us If he were doing a
higher class of worlt, and Hie taxpayers suffer. If it were through the
squeezing-down or wages and driving'
process, the contractor pockets the
blood-money. Hut then the workmen
are not animated with a keen desire
to perform their best under unfair
conditions. The city money is paid
out, but II Ih not properly distributed.
Someone gets more than his share.
If not, the city Itself is getting its work
done at less than cost price—which
to say the least Is not right nor is it
honest. No so If-respecting citizen
would ask that. A living wago and
better must be paid to everyone engaged on public or any othor works.
Therefore, wo favor lho day-labor
The city can construct for itself
anything a private contractor can do
for it. The people's money pays for
it in any Instance. The same mon
who act as contractors can work as
civic employees If they so desire—and
are really thc most capable men. Das-
labor does not do away with the contractor—as some seem to imagine; lt
would just change his title lo that of
superintendent of construction, etc.,
and would receive fair remunerattot
for his services, tho came as the other
mechanics and laborers.
'The fact that large and important
vivlc works must be undertaken in the
near future makes it of paramount
Interest to the ratepayers and the
working people that the whole question be thoroughly gone into and settled at this time.  	
changed Trom a morning paper to
an evening newspaper, and the name
Is being altered to the New York
Leader.    In an editorial referring to
the change, the Call says: "This Is the
last edition of the New York Call. Tomorrow will appear the New York
Leader—as an evening newspaper.
There always Is a sentiment connected
with a change in name, but It is our
high hope that with this change the
15 years' heroic struggle of the Call
will find not defoat but fulfillment.
"We take a name honored by Its
history in Hie labor annals of New
York. We take a name honored by
sueh fine contemporaries as the Milwaukee Leader and the Oklahoma
Leader. And we carry with us the
steadfast and unbroken tradition of
tho Call's loyally to labor."
Tho reference to the Milwaukee
Leader and the Oklahoma Loader reminds us that cities smaller than Vancouver support not merely weekly
labor papors but daily labor newspapers. When Vancouver is properly
unionized, when the spectacle of Chinamen and Japanese holding down
jobs while white men go'jobless, when
the majority of tho workers are convinced of lhe necessity of the workers
uniting and standing shoulder to
shoulder for bettor conditions, tho city
of Vancouver will support a dally
labor newspaper also, In the mean-
lime, our circulation Is going up.
American  Federation  of  Labor
Meets in Session at
Portland, Ore.
Men and Horses
[By Henry Jagerl
r\NCE there was a boss.    He had a
hundred people working for him.
He had two horses working i'or lilm.
There was lots of work. It was
busy. The workers worked many
hours. They received union wages.
They recoived extra pay for overtime.
The horses were busy. They
worked hard. They worked overtime. They had a largo, airy stable
ind wero given fine oats.
Tho ordera were filled. Things
slackened down. There was no
work.      The  boas  began   to  think.
He called the workers together.
He began to address them in this
"Hoys, we always got along nicely, did we not?" "Yes, sir!" they
answered. "Vou worked according
to union rules and regulations?"
"Yes, sir," they responded. "I paid
time and a half for overtime, havo
I not?"  "Yes, sir," they sang again.
"Now, boys, I have some sad
nows. There is no work and you
cannot expect pay. Therefore, you
are laid off. You are discharged.
Wben I need you I shall send for you."
Wfth bowed heads and drooping
shoulders   tho   workers  walked   out.
"Now," said the bosa, "I am rid
of the men; but what about the
horses?" After a while he decided
to do with the horses as he had done
with tbo workers.
Ho placod himsolf In front of the
horses and began to address them,
"Horses, I always treated you nicely,
didn't I?" The horses nodded their
heads in assent. "I fed you on the
best of oats, haven't I?" Again tho
horses nodded. "Now, horses, I have
no work for you. You do not expect
me to pay you when you are not working? You are therefore laid off,
you are discharged. When I need
horses again  I  will send  for you."
He opened the door and the horses
wnlked   out.
The policeman saw the horses. He
took hold of them. Whomever he
met he asked: "Do you know these
horses?" "No," was the reply. Finally he asked one man If he knew the
horses and tho man said he worked
with them for the same boss. "Who
Is the boas?" the policeman Inquired.
Come  with  me,"' the  driver said.
So the driver, the policeman and
the horses began to walk. They at
Inst reached the office of the bosa.
"Say," the policeman shouted, "do
you know these horses?"
"Yes," answered tbe boss.
"Do you know the law on horses?"
tbo officer asked.
"What Is the law?" asked the
"Tbe law says lhat you must take
care of horses whether they work or
not. No horse is allowed to suffer
or starve. No horso is allowed to be
without a stable. Whut are you going to do about It? Will I arrest
you or will you take eare of tbo
horses." ^
"Officer," snld lhe boss, "let me
have the horses."
The   hOSS  took   the  horses bnck  in
the stable and promised to provide
for   thom.
The driver witnessed all this. Ho
thought what a fine Idea it would be
if human beings were also provided
for. He looked at the officer for a
whilo and said: "Say, officer, tell him
to do the same for me that he does
for tho  horse,  will  you."
"Aw shut up! You ain't no horse.
You're only a workman," said the
After telling tbe story to an aud'
lonce, I asked: "Why do horses re-
coive more consideration than workmen?" One of tho boys answered
"Because horses kick."
Then He Looked Sheepish
I like the story lobl at a recent
meeting by Mr. .1, Buchanan, M.P.,
of a pompous Englishman who, while
on a visit to Glasgow, entered a
butcher's shop and ordered a sheep's
head. When it came ho rejected it
superciliously on the ground that he
wanted an English sheep's hoad.
"Och, aye,' said the butcher with a
broad grin, and turning lo nn assistant he said: "Tak' It awa* an' tak'
lhe bruins ont!"
Doings and Sayings of Delegates
—Summary of Proceedings in Brief
"POR a fow hours on Wednesday, the
1 "left wing" bombarded tho "right
with a barrage of resolutions, Thoro
were continued demands for a farm-
labor party, for tho amendment of
tbe constitution of tbe federation to
permit political activity—there was a
hail of "one big union" resolutions,
of calls for organization by industry
rather than by craft; thero was even
a demand to change the American
labor day, the first Monday of September, to the date of tho European
and tho Russian labor celebration,
May 1st. Then there was a demand
that the foderation call on tho federal government to recognize soviet
Russia. It was over tbis latter demand that the two elements clashed,
and wben the hall ceased echoing the
resounding salvo of "nays" after a
feeble volley of "ayes" had bcen cast,
there was no doubt that Mr. Gompors
and his policies were the victors.
* *        *'
Otto Hartwig, president of the Oregon State Federation of Labor, Introduced one resolution nn Immigration
which called on tho convention to demand an absolute "cloned door" policy for the next five years; that at
thc end of that time that the government hold a general naturalization
for those who are fit to become citizens and that thoso who cannot be
admitted to citizenship bo deported,
with proper provision made for wives
and children. The other resolution,
from a group of New York garment
workers, demanded an "open door"
policy for all victims of oppression
in Europe,
it        *        *
In his speech to the A. F. of L. convention at Portland on Wednesday,
W. C. Robinson, M.P., British delegate, cautiously avoided any en" on
the American federation to organize
politically, yet he wag unable to keep
from his remarks thc atory of the
political successes or the British labor
movement, ono of which was his own
election to parliament. Mr. Robinson
pleaded for a union between the
American and British workingmen,
which would act as a preventative
of war. Ho told of the success of hla
brothers in England, wbo were in-
instrumental In preventing hostilities
between England and Turkey. Mr.
Gompers , in answering Mr. Robinson dwell at length on tho British
system of government uni attacke
the American sy-uVm which permits
the cour.a to overrule the acts of the
legislailvo branch of the go\ernme..t.
* »        *
"I remember everything that happened that night as If lt had tuken
place l&st week. Thc place wus
packed, and I remember a mimb-ji
of young men had climbed Into the
rafters, and thoro they hunt' &11 the
time I was speaking. It was won-
lerful. The build, «g was used as a
skating rink, for they were very popular at thut time." Thus did Samuel
Gompers at Portland recall a meeting
he addressed in lhe old Moody and
Sankey tabernacle on Morrison street,
on March 20, 18.91, U'i years ago. In
hie address before tho motal trades
department of the fedoration last
week, ho aaid, that if low wages made
for prosperity China would be at the
head of civilization, tn his address
here 32 years ago, he aald, "If long
and cheap labor Is the best, then
China ought to be at the head of civilization*'
* *        *
There aro now five unions among
gnrdenars aud florists In tho United
Stales, four in Cook county, Illinois,
the fifth In St. Louis, aald Arthur .1.
Olson yesterday. Mr. Olson's work
lies In organizing this classification
of workers in the country.
* •        •
"Our work Is not. us many suppose, confined simply to polishing
iron and metals," saya W. W. Brit-
ton of the metal polishers' uuion.
"We do all kinds of plating and high
grade metal work. Our organization
has strict requirements as to craftsmanship and ability. Applicants
muat demonstrate their ability before thoy are admitted."
* •        •
When Frank Hodges, British fraternal delegate and one of tbe outstanding figures In tho British labor
movement and nt tho convention,
delivered hia address at the auditorium Thursday morning an attendant placed beforo him the metal stand
which carried tho microphone. By
this device, Mr. Hodges' address was
Relayed to The Oregonfan tower and
broadcasted over the northwest. "It
surprised me afterward," said Mr.
Hodgea, "when my friends told me
that I was talking Into radio. 1 had
never spoken for the radio before.
Really, It Is n remarkable Invention,
and you Americans who adapt such
Inventions to your every day life area
remarkable   peoplo."
the system belongs to Chester Wright,
head of the federation's information
and publicity bureau.
*       *       *
Labor made anothor important de
cision when it resolved to flght the
breakdown of the minimum wage
"law by economic, rather than political means. The action of the supremo court in holding thia law unconstitutional bas drawn the strongest criticism of organized labor. It,
with other acts by the judiciary, is
responsible for tbe nation-wide movement in labor and liberal circles to
curb the power of tbo judiciary. The
convention has decidod, in addition
to its legislative work, to attempt lo
regain for working women that whieh
they lost in tbe invalidating of the
minimum wage law, through a nation
wide organization  campaign,
"I  come  from
und hauls the wi
Murray,   delegate
maohlrilsts,    Mr.
Schenectady,   X.
Electric   com nan}
tho city that lights
rid," said .lames V
representing    the
Murray bails from
V. "Tlie Genoral
does that.      They
manufacture everything in the electrical line. The shops are well organized and the people of the city are
* *        *
Five stales, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and New
York, have a practical monopoly on
the fine glass industry or America,
says Wlllim P, Clark, president of
Flint Glass Workers' union of North
America, who is in Portland for lhe
labor convention. Thc reason, he
says, is fuel and material. Practically all of the fine glass, the cut
glass, the ornamental glass produced
in America comos from these states.
'We have ubout 10,000 men engaged
In the industry. Our work is different
from that performed by the bottle
blowers. Despite the introduction
of machinery which eliminated much
of the hand work, conditions are
good as far as the glass workers are
* *        *
John L. Lewis, president of tho
United Mino Workors, In the course
of an extended addross to the A. F.
if L, convention on Saturday, aaid:
'The United Mine Workers of America, if it owes Its success to any one
factor, owes that success to Its long
record of respoct for contracts and
the carrying out of its obligations,
rhe distinguished trade unionists
who preceded me in the office of the
presidency of the United Mine Workers had ever carried out that policy
and so long as I am president of tho
United Mine Workers Ibis organization
will continue on that policy. There
needs must be a complcto recognition
upon the part of labor of its honor
able obligation properly assumed if
labor expects to be tho recipient of
fair treatment from others whom we
hold to be under obligations to
cord  that fair treatment."
* »        •
Major Geo.   L.  Berry,  president  of
the International Pressmen's union,
delivered a lengthy addreaa: "We of
the American Foderation of Labor
stand for the four great principles
governing industry," the speaker j
said. "These are the ownership of
property, an adequate return on investments, an adequate sum allowed
industry for the matter of deterioration and that all workers, including
the managers, get proper compensation for what they put into industry."
* ♦        •
One fact stands out in the proceedings. It Is the desire shown by
the delegntes that organized labor
should go into the ranks of the unorganized and unionize these people,
to enter the steel industry, the packing plants, the textile mills of the
unorganized office workers — the
southern states and tho ranks of the
"white collar workers"—were passed
without dissenting vote.
»        •        #
Resolutions were adopted directing the executive council of the federation to proceed, aa far as la within Its financial powers, to organize
(he laundry workers, the achool leach-
era and the bank employees. The
matter of the compulsory affiliation
with central and state federations by
all local unions waa discussed. Considerable was said on both sides of the
question,   but  the  matter  was finally
FRIDAY October 12, 192
turned  back to the
further   report.
committee    for
Monday was presentation day. Otto
Hartwig, representing the State Federation of Labor, presented to Mr.
Gompers a gavel and block of Oregon
myrtle, and to Mrs. Gompers, through
Mr. Gompers, a nut bowl of the same
material. Then the federation through
Mr. Gompers, presented to British
Fraternal Delegates Robinson and
Walker, gold watches, suitably Inscribed. To Delegate Sullivan, from
Canada, waa presented a diamond ring
and Mrs. Robinson, wife of the British
delegate, was presented with a gold
and platinum lavallere, mounted with
a diamond.
• *        *
Frank Hodges, one of the British
fraternal delegates, who left Monday
morning for England spoke briefly In
farewell. He snld lhat his messago to
thoso In England would bo that the
American workman was in entire
sympathy with the struggles of the
workors in the Hritish Tales, no mat-
tor what differences in the form of
their efforts might bo seen. Even
though it did differ in form, the work
of the two national bodios was identical In Its fundamentals. He expressed bis appreciation for the kindliness and courtesy of all lhe officials
and delegates to the convention as
shown himself and Mrs. Hodges.
• * •
William F. Dunne, avowed communist and revolutionist, of Butto, Mont.,
was expelled from the convention of
the American Federation of Labor on
motion of Phillip Murray, international vice-president of the United
Mine Workors of America. The vote
for expulsion was 27,838 to 130, the
most nearly unanimous roll call voto
in lhe history of tho federation conventions. From 10:30 o'clock Monday morning until shortly after 4
o'clock In tho afternoon, the time of
the convention was given over to the
hearing of the charges against Dunne,
Ono after another of tho speakers
took up the cudgel. Never a prosecutor presented a case in a better light
than did Green. And Dunne, evidently
aware of the probable action of the
delegates, answered with a show of
disregard for the convemlon's action,
with a flaunting of officialdom and of
delegates. Tho voto against Dunne
included Hie solid delegation of electrical workers, the organization with
which he is allllinted; the solid votes
of nil the big organizations including
such as the machinists and tbe painters, which have been rated as radical.
In the latter organization Edward
Hettrick. the president, hud his delegation polled, thus forcing every
member to go on record Individually,
and depriving each of any opportunity to "nllbl" himself when he reaches
home and may have his radicalism
• •        •
The committee on resolutions of
the American Federation of Labor
concurred in the report of the executive council condemning the Ku Klux
klan and Its activities, but it also add
ed a rider to the report, which was
adopted unanimously by the conven
tlon. The rider declared that the
federation could not condone any
movement to overthrow the laws and
constitutional guarantees, and do
clared the klan a "hideous and sinister movement."
• *        •
The Association of Postal Clerks Is
another labor organization whose employer is the government. The membera do not strike, but make their demands through concerted group action, says Thomas F. Flaherty, secretary-treasurer. Up to ten years ago,
government employees were prohibited, by executive rule, from approaching or asking any favor of congress.
The old constitutional rule, "the right
peacefully to assemble and petition
congress shall not be abridged or denied," was denied the government
workors. Now thlnga are different.
Condltlona In the government service
gradually have been Improved through
After-Eating   Distress
And all forms of stomach trouble, sucb as
gns, pains, acid, sour, burning stomach are
nil relieved In two minutes by taking
Jo-To sold by all Druggists.
An appeal to 1,000 employers ln
Sydney, New South Wales, to honor
their war-time pledges to find Jobs
for ox-soldiers, thousands of whom are
fn need, resulted in five offers of work.
Newspaper men In attendance at
the convontion said that It ia one of
tho easiest assignments, as far as
large national conventions are concorned. To provent tho constant
charges ond counter charges between
speakers who say they have been misquoted corredlly, all addresses are
taken down In shorthand hy a convention secretary, transcribed and
copies handed to tho newspaper mon.
Aa a result, there Is no controversy
over statements attributed to the
speukerH.    The credit for working out
accept this
"Cascade" Invites you to experience th*
joy of drinking the fineit beer brewed in
the west—to partake of the concentrated
nutriment of Canada'! choicest barley
and hops, brewed to perfection—to get
that fine feeling that cornel from drinking real good beer.
/mill on "CaienJe," mi ttt tht pertee.
Hon of etttieCaction.    M Geotrnmenl
Liquor Steree lupply it.
Thia advertisement ia not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Brtai'd or by the Government of British Columbia*
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Fall and Winter Fur
Trimmed Vallona Cloth
Coats at $49.50
Sizes for Women and Misses
vHOSE seeking coats of good quality and
good style at a very moderate price will
find these garments particularly to their
liking. The models are splendidly tailored,
are made along entirely new lines and are
most carefully finished throughout. Colors
such as beaver, mallard, taupe and tans are
available. Collars are of beaverine and
some have cuffs of same. All are well lined
and interlined.   Wanted sizes—$49.50.
575 OranviUe Street
-Drysdale's Garment Shop, Third Floor
Phone Seymour 3540
legislative action. Tlio union, representing thousands of postal clerks, is
in a posltlod to voice the demands of
the entire group when it sends Its representatives to congressional * committee meetings.
•        •        •
Previous to the report of the committee on resolutions, the report on
education was presented. Resolutions
dealing with child labor were referred to tho executive council for consideration and action. The convention also voiced its opposition to the
celebration by tho Third Internationale, and decided to slick lo the Ilrst
Monday in September with Its store
of tradition.
Administrative Positions in IIusIiickn
lint her Than Stenographic
Administrative positions are the
big thing for women In business rather than stenographic work, believes
Mrs. Anna EJ. Hall of Denver, Colo.,
national president of Phi Thein Kappa, honorary fraternity for women
in commerce, who has been the guest
of the Portland chapter this week,
More women are going into the professions each year and thero ls an
increasing demand for women trained
in some specific thing, she said.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers,
and tell them why you do so.
DO you reallie what you can save on
tho cost of ready-to-wear apparel by
purcha sing from tho actual makers t
It's wonderful. Just compare prices and
values of retail storei with the "Famous," who sell you garments direct from
their own factory.    You'll be surprised.
Famous %g%_rU
"From   Maker  to   Wearer"
A Super-vaudeville Bill.    Last showing Saturday Night, October 13.
2:20—Matinees Dally—8:20
In   "Tho Unexpected"
"Al Bogoy Villa"
In     "lll-llu-Bo"
JACK   GEORGE   | Stanley Brother:,
"Billy" Pilling and lho Ordinal Or-
plioiiin Concert OrehoBtra are Ijack
!iomt> aitiiin aftor an eighteen month
Book regular loots, Phono Soy. 662
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
uiuinu, aoLioiTois, aw.
401-401 Itotropolliu Building
16. Haitingi St W. VAHOOUVEB, B. O.
Telephone!: Soymonr 6IM and 6667
Ring np Phone Seymonr 2314
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
1160 Oeorgia Street
Sunday serviced, 11 a.m. and 7t30 p.m.
Bunday school Immediately ful lowing
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, fl p.m. Free reading room,
801*903 Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harrison S. A, Ferry
Phone Falnuone 68
TTAVE you ever lind a real drink
1 * ot Puro Apple Cider during tbe
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
wo have introduced recently a pure clear
sparkling apple eider In pint bottlea,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. These drinks
are absolutely pure and free from all
carbonic acid gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phono your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Manufacturers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Placo to Eat"
"The living veioe affects mon
more than what they read."—
Pliny,  the Younger.
VTOUR voice conducts your business.
■** Directions that you give personally are quickly and accurately executed, because your associates cannot
fall to understand. Each Inflection,
has a meaning for them.
Remember the telephone when yoa
would confer with those Interested
with you In business. Do not trust I
the cold written word—send your
voice, yourself by long distance tele-1
Two Short Word*, Bridging the Golf Between
.nan yen protoeud ytue.lt ud yoir tesaUy _f_iut nok u omorfonor,
witk • SAVING- A000fll__~tko moot wtaoblo Aooot ■ Ml ou tu. iat
tko "RUNT DAT."
Wo BTBONSLT HEOOMMBND ,00 to otort nok u Moout AT OM01,
■t ono of ou City Bruokoo.
HASTHCW ud SEYMOUB. Ooo. I. Borruoo, ____>(«
Oordon ud Abbott ,      Mala ud IMk An. _____ wd Broodinj
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If 70a oro ll.i-n In • -j_u___itr aot »r-**id«d witk Buklni focllltloo, od-
dnoo 00 br moil, stni wo win bo |l_d to mide ,n to rooptet to "Binkln, by Moil."
,_J RIDAT Ootobor 12, 1923
Counts in
HALF usual
Dental Charges.
Get my estimate on
any branch of dentistry—you will get a
Expression Plates,
Hygienic   Crowns   and
Bridgowoifk,     Fillings,
Pyorrhoea treatments,
** lstry is the result of
many years of training,
study and practice.
Constant study and experiment are necessary
to the performance of
high-grade work.
Dentistry has been my life study—my
training, teaching and practical experience covers all my. working years.
I have heen practicing as a dentist
in Vancouver for 17 years.
You may come to me in perfect confidence! that all dental work you require
can be performed at my offlce with skill
and despatch, at vory modest cost.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Formerly membor of tho Faculty of tlio Collogo of Dentistry, University of
Southern California! lecturer on Crown and Bridgework; demonstrator In
rlato work nnd Operative Dentistry, local and genera! anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street West (Corner Seymour)
Phone Soy. .1331
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
Council — President, R. H. Neelonds, M.
i. A.; general secretory, Peroy R. Bengojgh.
)«ice! 308, 316 Pender St. Welt. Phone Sey.
!495. MeetB in Labor Holl at 8 p_n. on
Ihe first ond third Tuesdayl in month.
Meets socond Monday in the month. Preildent, J. R. Whito; seoretary, R. H. Beel*
nds. P. 0. Bo- 66.	
dova Street Weot—Bnolnoso meeting!
very Wednesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
hnirmon; E. H. Morrioon, eec-treae.; Geo.
i. Hee-ison, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
_. 0., corresponding secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring
nformatton re securing speakers or the for-
lation of local branches, kindly communicate
dth provincinl Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
24 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. Tele-
ihone Seymour 1382, or Fairmont -M33
1 socond Thursday ovory montb, 319 Pender
Itreet West. ..President, J. Brigbtweli;
nanclal socretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
.ve. East.
OURiNEVMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL Union of America—Local 120, Van-
Bouver, B. C., moots second and fourth Tires-
ays in ench month in Room 313—319 Pon-
er Stroot Wost. Presidont, C. E. Herrett,
1 Hastings Street East; socretary, A. R.
onl, 820 Cambie Stroot. Shop phono, Sey.
702.    Residenco phone. Dong. 2171R
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
Irs of Amorica, Local 191—Meetings first
md third Mondays In each month. Present, 1'. Willis; secretary, A. Frasor. Offloo:
loom 303—319 Ponder Stroot Wost. OMco
lours. 9 toll a.m. and 3 to S p.m
bricklayers   or   masons   for   boiler works,
tc.   or  marblo Bettors,  phone   Bricklayers
Ini'on. Labor Temple
INITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Jolnors, Local 468—Presidont,
1 W Hotloy;  recording secrotary, W. Page;
usiness agont, Wm. Dunn. OMco; Room
14—319 Pendor Stroot Wost.    Meots second
nd fourth Mondays,  8 p.m., Room  5, 819
'ender Street West.
nd third Fridays in each month, at148 OM*
ova Stroot West. Prosldent, David Cuthlll,
862 Albert Stroot; oecretary-treasurer, Geo.
larrlson, 11B2 Parker Street.	
Steam and Oporating, Local 844—MeeU
very Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
'emple. President, J. Flynn; business agent
nd financial secretory, F. S- Hunt; recording
ecretary, D. HodgeB.
President, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
■oratory, C. A. Watson. No. 3 Firehall.
every first and third Monday in room 312—
119 Tender Street West.    President,   J.   R.
lawthorne; flnanolal secretary, A. Padghatn,
oyce Road Post Office, Vancouver,   B. O.i
-cording Becrotary, G. Tether,  2249—46th
ve. East. Voncouver, B. O
Union, Local 28—441 Seymour Street,
eels flrst ond third Wednesdays at 2:80
:m. Second and fourth Wednesdays ot
:30 p.m. Executive board meots every
jesday at 3 p.m. President, W. A. Colmar •
iBlness agent, A. Graham. Phono Seymour
ACH1NISTS LOCAL 182—President, Leo
George; socretary, J. G. Keefe; buBiness
[ent, P. R. Bongough. Office: 809, 819
ender Street West. Moets in Room 813—
19 Pendor Street West, on first and third
inrsdoys In month.	
ACHINISTS LOCAL 692—Presidont, Ed.
Dawson; secretary, R. Hirst; business
ent, P. R. Bongough. Office: 309—319
indor Street West. Meets In Room 3—
.9 Pender Stioot West, ou second and 4th
aesdays in month.	
UNION. Locnl 145, A. F. of M.—Meots ot
bosa Hall, Homer Stroot, socond Sunday,
19 a.m. President, Ernest C. Millor. 991
'Ison Street; secretary, Edward .iainieson.
il Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. E.
Illlains, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
etchor, 991 Nelson Stroot
omOTHKRHOOD OF PAINTERS, DECORATORS and Paperhangers of Amorica. Local
"   Vancouvor—Meets 2nd nnd dth Thurs-
, at 148 Cordova Street WeBt.    Phono,
. 3510.    Business Agent. H. D. Collard.
Dock Bulldors, Local No. 2404—MeotB nt
Hastings Street Wost every Friday, at 8
Jas. Thompson, financial socretary
Jordovo St. West, P. 0. Box 671.   Phono
. 8703.    Meetings every Mondoy at 7:80
J, Pearson, business agent.
-g.—MeotinK nights, flrst Tuesday snd 3rd
idsy of etch month nt headquarters, 818
rdova Btreet West. President, D. Gillei-
ll vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
lasurer, Win. Donaldson, address 818 Cor
ra Street West. Branch agent's address:
Worrall, 576 Johnson Street, Victoria,
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
_ Mondaya at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p-m. Pre*
dent, P. A. Hoover, 2409 Olarke Drive;
teording secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447— 8th
'e. East; treasurer, A F. Andrew; finan-
al lecretary and business agent, W, H. Cot-
ill, 166—17th Ave. W. Offlce, oorner Prior
'J Main Streets,   Phone Fairmont 45047
America, Looal No. 178—Meetings held
st Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Presl-
nt, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, Mrs,
ilk; recording secretary, 0. McDonald, P,
Box 508; financial secretary, P. McNelsh,
0. Box 506.
P.POGRAPHIOAL UNION, No- 226—President, R. P. Pettipiece; vico-prosldfnt. J.
Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H, Nee-
ids, F. 0. Box 66, Meets last Sunday of
oh month at 2 p.m. In Labor Hall, 319
nder Street West.
VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meots at l»t NeUon street, at 11
ri. on the Tuesday preceding the 1st Sun-
y of thc month, President, E. A. Jamie*
i, 991 Nelson St.; Secretary, 0. H. Wilms, 991 Ndson St ; Business Agent, F.
.tcher, 991 Nelson St, 	
Pender Street West. Business meetings
ery 1st and 3rd Wodnesday every month.
CarpendaJe, corresponding aeeretary; G.
ther, financial aeoretary; J. Halliday,
pnch organiser.
UNION, No. 418—President, S. D. Mac-
1. secretary-treasurer, J. H. Campbell,
Box 689. Meets last Tkarsday of each
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Labor Exodus Turn Many Toward   Canada   and  the
United States
A recent Stockholm despatch says
that the Swedish emigration to the
United States and Canada in due to
the influence of hard timet-. This
fact is emphasized by reports from
the Swedish iron and ateel works,
and from L, \V. Fngerlund, governor
or tho Aaland islands. The labor
oonfllot caused a number of workers
to leave their homes I'or United States
and Canada, ultrncted by the reports
of industrial prosperity iu America
It appears Lhat most of theso emigrants were skilled workers. Governor I-'agerlund says that 5*»8 Aaland-
ei'8 left for these countries during the
first six months of this year. He has
made a study of the causes of this
exodus and has arrived at some Interesting deductions. One category, he
states, consists of young men who wish
to perfect themselves in the latest
working methods of their trade or
profession. Intending ultimately to
return to the home country. Another
group includes masons and construction workers who hope I'or steady employment in the new world. Others
go out In the hope of earning enough
money to pay off the debt on their
family  homesteads.
Since 1920 Wagei in Great Britain
Have Been Reduced by
[Labor Presa Service]
H. B, Betterton, M. P., parliamentary secretary to the ministry of labor, has been delivering some tall
talk at a tory garden party at Bram-
cote, "The main objectives of the
socialists," said he manfully, "appear
to be the breaking down of the British empire, the breaking up of English family life, and thc destroying
of the capitalist." Let us see about
tho second count in this terrible indictment. Mr. Betterton may be
surprised to learn that wages have
something to do with family life,
He* and his friends have reduced
wagos by ^600,000,000 since 1920,
And, according to Henry Ford, the
American engineering capitalist,
wages "represent homes and families
and domestic destinies. ... On the
cost-sheet wages are mere figures;
out in the world wages are bread
boxes and coal bins, babies' cradles
and children's education." It Is
Mr. Betterton and those he represents who are destroying family
Bernard Shaw Says War Combatants Shake Hands—Work
to Build New World
Year 1848 Celebrated as One of
Revolution—1923 Is Year
of Counter-revolution
("Labor Press Service]
LONDON, Sept. 27.—Some time during the late unpleasantness
Bernard Shaw suggested that at the
end of the war the combatants should
shake hands, ask forgiveness, and set
to work to build a now world. That
suggestion was the mere common
sense of the situation. But the
world has done the exact opposite.
The pot continues to boil, although
it has been taken off the flre. In the
process, democracy (which the war
was to make safe) Is being scalded.
Russia is ruled by a communist minority. In Italy, Mussolini has climbed to power by terrorist methods. A
militarist camarilla has just seized
the reins of governmont in Spain.
The new cabinet In Germany is admittedly holding the last ditch for
democracy. If it is overwhelmed.
Bavaria will probably turn to a monarchist dictator, and no man can tell
what will happen in other parts of
the country. It may be that just as
the year 1848 Is celebrated as the
year of revolution, the yoar 1923 will
go down in history as the year of
counter-revolution, the year of the
twilight of democracy. What a sad
commentary on the high hopes of the
war years! What a decline from
Mazzini to Mussolini. If these conditions were likely to be permanent
there would be good reason to despair for democracy, but they are not
permanent, and It is the business of
the labor movement of the world to
hasten   tSielr   passing.
Orpheum Offering a Splendid Hill
The high standard of vaudeville offering this season at the Orpheum
theatre is being well maintained. This
week another splendid show has as the
main attraction George Nash, In "The
Unexpected." Another fine offering Is
lhat of Mr. Hymack from London. Il
Is a new act and a striking one. D.
Appollon, mandolin wizard, and his
company, offer a Russian mixture nf
color, songs and dancing. Demurest
and Colletio are laugh producers par
excellence. Harrison nnd Dakln have
a musical comedy. Jack George and
company present darky scene!, tending to prove that superstition Is not
dead among the negroes. Tho Stanley
Brothers are Danish novelty acrobats.
The musicai feature of the bill is tlie
return of "Billy" Pilling and the entire original Orpheum concert orchestra, and attractive motion plclu.rus
close the _>how.
Causes of Unemployment
"About half of the present unemployment," said H. B. Lees-Smith,
M.P., at Worth Village, Kelghley, "Is
due to the wicked foreign policy pursued since the war, but the other
half is due to causes connected with
'home trade, and they can be cured
by bold action on the part of the
Boost for
The Fed.
ouk circulation is
' '''  'increasing
Ticket    Holders    Most    Patient    ol
Strap-I in users In Overcrowded
It is suggested by the British railway companies, now busily engaged In
planning a fresh raid on fare paying
pockets, that the season ticket holder
Is a privileged person paying infinitely
less than the ordinary passenger.
There may be cases In which the season ticket holder scores ever so slightly over the ordinary passenegr, but
the average holder does not pay much
less on the basis of one return journey
six days a woek than does the ordinary third-class passenger. Considering, too, that the season ticket holder
Is the most exposed to the discomfort of overernwded trains and Is thc
most patient of strap-hangers, the
notion of him as a "privileged" individual Is quite painfully funny. The
companies must try it on again—they
probably will.
Dairy   Farmers   Bind   Themselves   to
Deliver MUk to A us. win tlon
for Tliret. Yeurs
A late Washington, D.C, despatch
states that the organized milk dealers refuse to become parties to a collective bargain with tho Maryland-
Virginia milk producers' association
for the milk and cream required by
Washington's 400,000 Inhabitants. Up
to the present the dealers have mado
Individual contracts with the dairy
farmers. Under the producers' association contract the dairy farmers
bind themselves to deliver their milk
to the association for three years regardless of price inducements offered
by milk dealers to individual dairymen, The association in turn deals
as one person with the milk distributors with the object of securing the
farmers an adequate return for their
product. The producers' association
claims lhat the owners of 18,000 out
of 20,000 cows ln the Washington district havo signed up with the association, and declares that If the dealers
insist upon their individual bargaining policy the association will temporarily organize their own distribution
I'    Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Medical Trust
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: I should
like very much to bring to the attention of your readers a flagrant instance of the capitalistic control of
the medical profession as outlined In
the October Pearsons. This magazine
has been fearlessly spreading publicity about Dr. Abram's new methods
of diagnosis and healing, the electronic reactions of Abrams, in short. Now
it appears, from a study of these revolutionary discoveries, that at least
90 per cont. of the drugs nearly all
the serum business and probably 75
per cent, of operations would be done
away with! This means that billions
of invosted capital are endangered!
Now the American Medical association is the servant of these billions, so
it forthwith discredits Abrams. Pearsons' exposes this roguery, hence
Pearsons must "be good" or be put
out of business. Hence last winter,
the agents of the American Medical
association offered Alexander Marky,
the editor, 5100,0-00 In cash and $15,-
000 a year for ten years if he would
retract all that had been published in
favor of Abrams, and cease from giving the _]. R. A. any more publicity.
This was refused, of course; so, with
half-a-milllon behind them these
aforesaid agents set out to smash
Pearsons. They did not do so, but
seriously crippled its circulation, and
so hampered it In every way that it
was unable to get but the August and
September numbers this year. Many
workers are not aware of the power
of these vested interests to cripple the
work of spreading and introducing
new methods of healing, and I would
advise all who can do so to send $2.25
to 157 East Ohio street, Chicago, and
they will be assured of much valuable
information about this and other
manifestations of the medical trust,
i'ours trtily,
Kamloops, B. C, Oct, 8, 1923.
Seafarers Strike
Kditor B. C. Federationist: As a
deckeroo employed on various vessels at different times, I have had
amplo opportunity to see those men
who man the ships in action in different parts of the world, but never
has the writer seen such a deplorable
exhibition of weakness as that which
happened during the recent marine
strike here. In spite of the advance
of education and times in general, we
find the onco manly and honorablo
sailors union of the Pacific guilty of
deserting their comrades In the fight.
A strike instituted by the Federated
Seafarers union against the most np-
palling conditions under -whieh seamen exist and work on the government steamers had hardly got under
way, when the aforementioned members of the S. U. P. weakened, and
voted to go back at the old and un-
speakablo conditions. The Seafarers
union, however, badly crippled by the
collapse of thoir weaker brothers,
kept up the flght. The result was inevitable; tho curtain was rung down
on another miserable episode of the
sailors life—defeat. In conversation
with some of the unfortunate sailors
who helped to break the strike, the
writer was informed that, "As the
longshoremen didn't come out—what's
the use?" Of course, the longshoremen didn't; they are simply a craft
union, therefore they do not countenance industrial unionism, neither do
lho sailors. No excuse there. What's
the position of the longshoremen anyway? As a craft union,, they are
bound to one thing only: The protection of their own interests; ami, furthermore, they are just about the only
union in tho west thru functions in
that respect. My advice to the sailors
Is, if they desire industrial unionism
and consequent action, join tho I. W.
W. or, falling that., Join the Federated
Soafarers Union of B, C.
Camp 10, Whalen P. P. Co., Quat-
sino,  B. C, Oct.  10,   H-,23.
Society of Friends
To Follow Seekers:
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: The So-
cloty of Friends, commonly ealled
Quakers, in (Vancouver, has for some
lime felt concorned for those men and
women who, having become dissatisfied.vith thc form of worship adopted
by most of tbe organized churches,
havo dissociated from any form of
public worship. The undersigned
have been asked to address an invitation to such, to enquire Into lhe
form of worship which we as a society
have practiced for the last 250 years.
We make this suggestion the more
readily to members and friends of the
industrial unions, because our plan
for both worship and church government is, from the human standpoint,
essentially democratic. A Friends'
meeting, usually meets hi silence when
each porson present can bring to God
the worship, and reitdlnoss for sorvice,
which ho or she alone can bring. The
silence may at any time be broken by
any one, In voenl prayor, address, or
song, as they are led by God through
his holy spirit. When Issuing this invitation, it fs with no thought of proselytising, or adding to our own numbers for If as a result of this letter
some of those described above were
to Join togethor in the worship of God,
no matter whether they adopted our
forms or not, we should feel abundantly rewarded. Our meetings for
worship are hold on Sunday at 11 a.
m„ in room 12, 3*12 Pender street
west, nnd are always open to any who
wish  to Join.    (Signed).
Vancouver, B. C, Oct. 9, 15*23.
Intelligence of  Ohildren Range
from 50 Per Oent Below
Average to 50 Above
Dr. Cyril Burt Informed the Psychology Section of the British Association
that the results of a survey In a London borough showed a varlatl6n in
the intelligence of children ranging
from 50 per cent, below the average
to 50 per cent, above. Then he made
this significant statement: "The provision of spectacles, the extraction of
teeth, the extirpation of tonsils and
adenoid growths, measures in themselves comparatively trifling, have often converted an alleged mental defective into a normal or nearly normal child." Dr. Burt's statetment
has an obvious moral. The restriction in expenditure on education makes
it moro dlilicult to provide spectacles
and dental and medical treatment for
poor children, and we are throwing
away year by year golden opportunities of Improving the lot of a large
number of poor children, "Economy," In the Geddes meaning of the
term, Is tho worst form of waste."
(Continued from page 1)
and stating that the Federation would
advise us immediately the same had
been received—probably towards the
end of the ensuing week.
As a result of this further postponement a mass meeting of the
Longshoremens' association was held
on September 30th (Sunday) which
passed the following resolution:
"That,   failing    a   satisfactory
reply,   or   failing  the   re-opening
of   negotiations,   a   further   mass
meeting be  held  on October 7th
(Sunday)  at 2:30  p.m.
Nothing further was received from
the Shipping Federation until October
5th (Friday), when a communication
was received containing a proposed
schedule of wages and working conditions, together with a statement that
they would bo prepared to meet our
committee to go Into any of the matters  appertaining  thereto.
Our committee met them the same
day and reported to the general meeting that evening that nothing definite had been arrived at, the employer's committeo again giving assurances that they would favorably recommend certain changes in conditions
to their Federation.
Our membership, Irritated by the
continual postponements and what
they considered shilly-shallying on
the part of the employers, decided to
hold the meeting on October 7th
(Sunday) as previously arranged.
At that meeting a full report of the
entire negotiations were given to
the membership, without our negotiating committee offering any recommendation In any way.
The meeting decided, by unanimous vote, to notify the employers
that this organization insisted upon
their immediate agreement to the
following immediate demands. These
were for the re-establishment of the
five cent bonus on lumber which was
taken from us in 1921. This Ave
cent bonus was previously in exist-
tenco ever since Vancouver was a
port. As the handling of lumber Is
more dangerous and requires a little
more skill and experience than the
handling of most general cargo, this
bonus Is perfectly justified. In fact,
no later than September Sfith, the
longshoremen of the port of New
York, after a strike, signed an agreement, with their employors, which
is now in force, granting a bonus of
ten eents an hour on Pacific coast
lumber on account of the dangerous,
dilflcult and objectionable naturo of
the work. Thfs, it may be noted, is
for DISCHARGING Pacific coast lumber, a task much easier than that of
loading. On top of this they were
granted a general ten cent Increase
on the day base rate and thirteen
eents on thoir overtime rate. The
people who are carrying Ihis lumber
—lhe American shipping interests—
are the main obstacle to a peaceable
settlement of the situation in Vancouver. Evidently they have treated
their workers on their own side of
the line rather more generously than
they are witling lo treat us here. We
ns]. I'm* an Increase of five cents on
lumber, and  w are willing lo  nego-
KiOiciYed In two mlnutea with
Oas, acid, tour,  burning stomach all quickly
roliaved with JO-TO.    Drug Stom.
$5.00 Down
Hoover Suction
Sweeper in Your
This exceptional offer is for a limited
time only. We're doing it to give every
woman in Vancouver and vicinity a chance
to own the finest and most practical electrical cleaner ever made.
This special offer is on the latest model
—the famous new Hoover with the 10 revolutionary features—the fastest selling
electric cleaner ever made.
You've always wanted an electric cleaner
like this—now's your chance. Phone today
for a demonstration.  Seymour 1670.
Hudson's Bay Company
tiato the rest but are refused; they
striko for twenty cents on the same
identical cargo and get it.
The next condition in our Imnjediate
demands was that tho wages paid to
checkers should be the base wage.
The third demand was for the same
wage for truckers on heavy sacks as
for men on the ship and loading the trucks. This is also a
condition lost in 1921. Sacked
wheat always travels as fast as
the winches can move, and the
truckers are extended to their limit to
keep tho ship supplied, and for this
reason the organization figured it is
reasonable that these men ■•■■hould receive additional componsatlon.
All these demands had previously
received favorable consideration from
tho Shipping Federation's committee.
Tho increase in the base wage and
other conditions were to be subject to
negotiations for thirty days.
Palling compliance with thoso demands, work would cease on the Vancouver waterfront at f> p.m. on Oct.
8th (Moiday.) The employers were
notified in accordance therewith, also,
that our committee were prepared to
meet them if such a meeting were
necessary or advisable. A meeting of
the committee was arranged for 4 p.
m. (Monday), on returning from
which our committee informed us of
the employers' position. This amounted to a flat refusal of our demands.
The strike was In operation before
lhe committee had returnod.
Dr. J. I. Gorosh
Clironio slid nervous diseases treated
by drugless methods only.
•'07 Hastings Street West
For free examination, Call Sey. 4371
Now Uses I'or Upper Lcalhcr
Several new uses have been found
Cor upper leather, according to the largest tanners of calfskin In the world.
In suede nnd buck leathers lt Is helng
used widely as trimmings for clothing,
millinery, sport coats, ete. The demand for new colors has increased
so much that the head of the tannery
has spent considerable time abroad
looking for new shades. He will return soon with a number of new colors for the market.
Shoes Mended Without a Cobbler
It often happens In camp or elsewhere far from shoe shops and cobblers that a sound and useful shoo gets
a surface cut from a snnrp stone ur a
stub. With rubber cement anyone
can repair such damage. Apply tho
cement two or tree times lo the under surface of the torn-up flap ami
to the raw leather beneath. Allow
each coat of cement to dry until It Is
sticky. ' Then carefully put the flap In
placo, apply a firm pressure to It for
a few minutes and let It dry thoroughly. -The cement thnt comos In leaden
tubes ls the most convenient for this
T-abor In Queensland
That conditions In Queensland, the
only Australian state where a labor
government Is In power, comparo
favorably with thoso obtaining In the
other states uf the commonwealth.
Unemployed number only 2000. ns
agninst r.0,000 in the rest of tho continent, while the Queensland workless
are receiving benefit under the stato
unemployed insurance scheme. No
out-of-work pay Is allocated by tho
non-labor governments. Queensland
Is tho only state in which wage Increases have outstripped the rise ln
the coal of living.
We can lind men on the labor
benches to till all the government
offices In 24 hours if circumstances require it, says George Barker, M.P.
Upstairs at 653 OBANVILLE STREET
No matter how many brands of Beer there are, you will always find one just a little better than the rest. COMPETENT JUDGES DECLARE:
Can't Be Beat PAGE FOUR
fifteenth year. No. 4i BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvb-i, aa
FRIDAY Octoher 12, 11
Cooler Weather Makes
One Think of Warmer
Our Stanfield's   Underwear,
at $3.50 suit is good.
Stanfield's grey Underwear,
at $3.60 is good value.
Men's   Khaki   Top   Shirts,
woollen, $3.00 j high collar.
Raintest clothing-
Shirts  $6.00
Pants $5.00
Grey Shirts, Military Shirts,
Work Pants, heavy tweed,
Solid Leather Shoes, 6-inch
top, $4.50.
Dayfoot's   Special,    6-iuch,
Blankets, from $2.50 pair.
Men's Overcoats, $12.00.
Rain Coats, from $8.50.
Headlight Overalls, for railway men, $6.00 suit.
In Great Brituin there are two million families bably housed, and if step-,
were taken to houae them properly
no man in the building trade would
be unemployed for twenty years, saya
Ben Tillett, M.P.
Nobody realizes more than the women how the working elass is handicapped by the scarcity of houses, and
housing reform should be the very
front plank in the election platform
of the labor party, says the Countess
of Warwick.
Fanners Organizing
A movement has been started by
the farmers of British Columbia to
organize a political party to take aetion in forthcoming elections. Also
an effort will be mado to co-operate
with labor by supporting each other's
platforms. The farmers feel that
neither of the three political parties
are looking after their interests, nor
the welfare of the masses.
The largos base viol in the world
Is 14 feet In height, with the end
pin, and is 12 feet in the body alone.
The builder is Albert S. Fllson of San
Diego, Cal. He stands on a platform to play it .
In spite of character, capacity, and
loyal service, the workers are often
the victims of a system of class rule
which overworks or underpays them
at ono period and then throws them
on to the Industrial scrap heap lf
greed and selfish Interest so dictate,
says  A.   Henderson,  M.P.
Labor condemns the fantastic demands made upon Germany as a. gross
election blunder, and in the interest
of Britain und uf Europe as a
whole it is high time that a scheme
was produced in harmony with
economic realities, says A. Henderson,
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Canadian National Railways
The Continental Limited
9.50 P. M.-FROM VANCOUVER-9.50 P. M.
Boat Schedule
TO PRINCE RUPERT—Connecting with trains for the East.
For Information and Reservations, Apply
WHIST SCORE CARDS, (16 or 25 games),
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
1129 HOWE STREET        Phones: Sey. 7421, 4490
Five Hundred Score Tablets, 20c each
Court Whist Cards, 15c per dozen; $1.25 per 100
Addresses A. F, of L.—Must Turn
to Political Action to
Attain Success
As Long as There Are Different
Mentalities There Will Be
Clash of Ideas
FRANK HODG13S, tho British delegate, addressed the Portland
convention of the American Federation of Labor last week. He expressed the thought that eventually the
American labor movement must turn
to political action to attain its desires
and predicted that lhe day was not
distant when such action should take
place. Regarding the worJcingmen,
ho declared that the standards of living were higher in that country than
in any country on the globe and that
the English labor movement, realizing that high wages meant increased prosperity, would lake up the
.Vmeiieau idea that good wages mean
employment and prosperity for all.
Buttle of  Ideas
'You here are going through the
same battle of ideas as we are in the
old country, and for that matter, as
we are in Europe," said Mr. Hodges;
"but as long as there are different
mentalities there will always be a
clash of Ideas, In Europe, as here,
the old idea of parliamentary democracy and democracy generally, Is being challenged; it is being challenged
by an entirely new theory of government; It is being challenged by the
cat-iron theories developed in Moscow.
"Those theories nre established
with tho purpose of showing to the
world that democracy as popularly
understood is played out; that liberty and fraternity are Just figments
of the Imagination and that the British labor movement is, as they have
said to the German labor movement
and the French labor movement:
You are on the wrong track.' What
Is required for the emancipation of
the working classes is the soviet system   of  government."
Has Nothing to Offer
Now, wo don't regard that change
as being something of which we take
no account. We invite apostles of
this new theory of government to
come out into the open and declare
from publie platforms how it Is that
this theory of government can be regarded as something Infinitely superior
to our Ideas of democratic government. We invite them out into the
openi We say "Table your arguments;
let the world hear what you have to
offer." And  the  more you invite
them on the platforms the more obvious It becomes to the ordinary mind
thut this form of government has nothing to offer or to Improve upon our
democratic  form   of government.
I feci sure that the American leader and the American working man is
something like the Britisher In this
regard. He hates, despises and rejects dictatorship of any character or
description. Why, I have often said
we are so open-minded In the labor
movement that we can scarcely tolerate each other's views, much less tolerate such a view as this. We treat
a man's views with courtesy and respect, but we immediately react and
rebel against that man if he attempts
to Impose them upon us. That Is as
between individuals.
Against  Heady-Made Opinions
"When it comes to great and fundamental issues of the evolution of
a great community of people whose
degree of attainment in culture is
marked by the free expression of the
human spirit, then all that is best and
noblest in us revolts against the idea
that our opinions are to be laken
ready-made from some superior authority.
"it Is only, it seems to us, both in
the trade union movement and In the
political movement, when each individual regards himself as a livlru
unit, conscious, full of indlvdual feeling, exercising his own judgment in
affairs of both himself nnd a nation
that he Is exorcising the prerogatives
of a mnn, not when he Is accepting
the dictatorship of anyone above or
below, There Is only one danger, unt
In the clashing of ideas, for we can
hold our own and show lhat our
system, which Implies the freedom of
ihe human spirit, is lhe best system;
bill what is to be guarded ngainst is
what Id described in Europe as "boring from within," the ruining of a
movement  from  the  Inside.
Seo Crumbling Trade  Cnlon
"You cannot quite lay your hand
on the guilty persons, but his dov-
astntlng work you can see in the
crumbling of the trade union movement. Iu your trade union movement, whethor It be the locnl. In the
branch, In the district or in the national, be on your guard agninst the
Individual who gets (aside the organization and hy stealth, by cunning,
by methods which do not lend themselves to the light of day. endeavoring lo break up your orgnni-iJition
for the purpose of making you become the Intellectual, moral and economic slnves of a syslem thnt is hidebound, CflHtlroil, developed ir. an Asm-
tic mind, which bears no relation to
our western conceptions of democratic   freedom."
When Mr. Hodges finished his address, the storm nf applause that
broke ml in nil par In of the hall was
deafening. For two full minutes the
delegates voiced their npprovnl of the
speaker's remnrks
Mr. Hodges Is the secretary of the
Coal Miners' federation of flreat Unt
ain, ono of England's most powerful
labor organizations.    He Is also pres
United States Organization Has
2400 Branches and 43,000
The International letter carriers'
organization has 2400 branches and
43,000 members, said Charles D.
Duffy, treasurer of the body, delegate
to the Portland convention of the A.
F. of ]__.. Every city that boasts a
letter carrier also boasts a local union.
Mr. Duffy is also president of the Chicago local, and reported that the
men were AS per cent orgunizeo
throughout the country. In death
benefits the organization has paid
out about $6,000,000 since its Inception, while $150,000 a year is expended
in sick benefits, Mr. Duffy said. The
organization is one of those unique labor bodies that suiters neither strike
nor lockout, because it Is a branch
of federal service, he explained. The
organization ollicers, howover, are
able to put forward appeals for better
hours, pay or conditions through official channels, and Mr. Duffy insisted
that lt took up their time. Incidentally, he said that the body was out
strong to elect Its international president, Ed. J. Gainor, as delegate to
the next British trades union congress.
Will Probe Industrial Conditions
in Cape Breton—Recent Coal
and Steel Strikes
Stock Jobbing; Is One of Chief
Causes of Trouble Between
Workers and Officials
A LATE Ottawa despatch, says that
the personnel of the royal commission to probe industrial conditions
in Capo Breton, scene of the recent
coal and steel strikes, promises an inquiry that will be fairly thorough.
Chairman J. W. Robertson was head
of a royal commission on technical
education under the Laurier government some years ago and brought In
an exhaustive review of the situation.
Fred Bancroft of Toronto, is well-
known as an old-school unionist. He
will look at conditions from tho labor
standpoint, J. J. Johnston of Prince
Edward Island is the legal member of
(he body, The order-in-council which
authorizes the commission apparently
gives It a wide field. The matters
stressed in tbe order are the calling
out of the troops and lhe desirability
of finding a remedy which will prevent recurrence. The weak point in
lhe terms of the commission is that It
does not make any reference to the
finances of the British Empire corporation. The stock jobbing which
has marked the history of this corporation is one of the chief causes of
the strained relations between workers and officials in Cape Breton, and
there has been a strong feeling in
well-Informed circles tha1 this history
should be thoroughly probed and the
facts laid before the pub.lc.
Under the terms of the order for
the Inquiry it would seem that the
commissioners would be froe to go
Into this question, but there Is no
dlreclion for them to do so. One
phase of the order-in-councll Is likely
to cause some comment. Thfs is a
declaration thnt the eommission "shall
have power to treat as private testimony, books, pnpers, documents or
stntoments given or exhibited with a
view to mnking such recommendation
as may serve fo promote amicable relations ond as may be calculated to
remove or lessen the unrest in question."
Comparison of Prices for Most Building Materials between ittl I
nnd Present Day
Some striking figures, Illustrative of
the hindrances to an effective housing
policy, are given in the London Times
engineering supplement by a correspondent. A comparison, of the prices
for tho most familiar materials used
in building between 1014 and the present dny showa clearly how high costs
stop building. Stock bricks, according to this correspondent, cost £1 ls,
Cd, per 1,000 in 1014 and are now £4
2s. Portland cement was £1 17s. per
ton and Is now t'-l 18s, Timber, sold
In 1914 at £16 10s. a standard, ls now
£34. Here, at any rate, Is a case
reduction of wages for those engaged
In producing these articles has not
resulted In a lowering of prices, and
one may hope that the next report
of the High Cost of Building Materlals
commlttee will show who gets the
rake-off—it is certainly not the brick
maker or cement-mixer.
Arrived from "Tho Hull"'
Oeorge S. Oarwood, an old-time,
printer struck town on Wednesday,
nnd spent a few happy hours with
friends. He has just returned from
"the hub"—Winnipeg. He will come
back to Vancouver from Victoria In
a day or two beforc sojourning southward. He follows the birds, not to
Victoria, but to California, where he
will put in the winter months,
President Berry Addresses Local
Union About Walk-out—
Juniors to Blame
Wages Increased 400 Per Cent, in
16 Years—Membership
Now 50,000
jV/JAJOR GEORGE L. BERRY, president of the International Pressmen's union, spent the last week-end
ln this city, on a visit to the members
of his organization here. It Is ten
years sinco he was in Vancouver he-
fore. He will address some 36 meetings in different places in the same
number of duys. Coming as he did
fresh from the the trouble In New
York, where he played such a conspicuous part, there was keen Interest
by local printing pressmen and assistants in bearing what ho had to tell
them in his address on Sunday night
In the O'Brien hall.
'The strike of New York pressmen
was brough* sibout by juniors of the
local union, men with little respect
for trade union principles or trade
union laws," Mr. Berry said.
(Juniors Responsible
"For more than two months we
had been in the process of negotiations and had made some substantial
progress, and then without announcement and without intimation a membership of 300 people out of 2200
newspaper web pressmen elected by
show of hands in a meeting to strike
the newspapers of New York city. Of
the 300 pressmen, 175 of them were
what we call juniors, young men who
havo come into the newspaper business during the progress of the war
without regard to responsibility or
without responsibility and without
much respect to trade union principles or trnde union laws. They called
tho strike in contravention and contradistinction to their local laws and
iheir International laws and lo an existing contract that had been executed
as between them and tlie publishers
of New York (.ity and International
Printing Pressmen and Assistants'
union of North America.
"When that occurred I issued a
statement in which I said that the
strike was illegal and unwarranted
and directed the men to return to
their employment. They declined to
do so. I called a meeting of the membership of lhat organization and told
them personally that they woidd be
required to return to their employment or their charier would bo revoked. They declined to do so, after
which I announced that I would print
the newspapers of New York city in
accordance with our contract with our
publishers if it became necessary to
shut down 100 newspapers on the continent of America, and still they refused to comply with the decision.
We proceeded to print the New York
newspapers and we proceeded to execute, In accordance with our negotiations, a new agreement, which brought
these men a 6*&-hour night and a 4fi-
hour week and the largest increase in
wages that has ever been given in the
history of the newspaper business in
New York elty and I have the honor
of being able to say to you that after
ten days a vote was taken by the
striking pressmen of that city, and by
a vote of 12 to 1 they returned to their
employment under thc best contract
that has ever been executed in New
York city or in any other city in Canada or the United States.
International   Union Wins
"It was purely a question as to
whether the International union would
be stampeded against right and justice or show the courage that we were
compelled to show if we were still to
retain the Integrity and the standing
that every International union is entitled to. 1 am glad lo say to you lhat
our bonrd of directors nnd 09 per
cent, of every subordinate union in
the International Pressmen and Assistants' union stood 100 per cent, for
integrity of contract, for principle, for
conciliation and arbitration.
"I made thfs statement and I am
glad to have the privilege of reiterating It here now, that so far as the International Printing Pressmen and
Assistants' union Is concerned, ns it
affects the newspapers of this country,
when a newspnper publisher Is willing
to recognize our union and to denl
with us collectively and when he ls
prepared to conciliate such differences
as may arise between him and our
organization, and then if b.v failure,
he is prepared to arbitrate those differences by fair means, then I say
that that newspaper has done all that
nny trade union could expect.
"That is the position of our Inter-
nnllonal union."
Speaking of the general activities
of the International union, President
Berry told of the work being done in
the technical trade school established
eleven years ago by their organiza
tion; of the operation and malnten
Old age and invalid pensions In
Austrnlin nre to be Increased to £1 Is,
a week to meet the Increase in the
cost of living.
ident of the International Miners'
confederation and is recognized In
Oreat Britain as one of the lending
men of the labor movement.
Best $2.50
Qlnssua not prescribed unlcBS absolutely necessary. Examinations
mnde by graduate Eyesight Specialists. SfttlB fact ton £» ur an tor d.
We grind our own lenses. Louses
duplicated by mall.
Optical House
fFormerly Brown optlcnl House)
Be   sure   of   the   address—Above
Woolworth'b Store, near
Suite 36, Davis Chambers,
Phono ____  1071	
Bruce's Overcoats
Are Best
$25 $29* $3*
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
Deputy Minister of Labor McNiven Advises Labor Not
to Come to B. C.
Never Has Been Any Shortage of
Labor in Winter in This
A VICTORIA despatch nays thut a
warning to unemployed not to
come to Hritish Columbia to seek work
this fall and winter haa been issued
by J. D. McNiven, deputy ministor oi'
labor, "Thc 4600 harvesters who went
from British Columbia to the prairies
this summer, are now beginning to re-
.turn, and there nro also signs of a
drift further west of other men who
came to the prairie this year from the
eastern provinces or from Great Britain," Mr. McNiven said,
"I should bo sorry If anything 1 am
reported to havo said should give the
impression that we are able in British
Columbia to take care of a big inrush
of winter unemployed. We are certainly not in any such position.    At
ance for sixteen years of a great tuberculosis sanitarium in which members of the organization are treated,
and of the operation of an old-age
and  pension system.
MunibcrHltlp 50,(100
In sixteen years wages had beon
Increased -100 per cent., ami tho work
week reduced from 60 to 44 hours.
Membership ln that period had grown
from 16,882 to 50,000. The trade
school had $500,000 worth of printing
presses all operated for the purpose
of turning out moro efficient craftsmen in the business. Liquid assets
nnd collateral now amounted to $2,-
600,000. Kour brunch or zone schools
had just recently been established,
and others were in contemplation. Associated with the school of practical
demonstration wns a correspondence
course that was boing received by
thousands of men throughout Canada
and the United States, and apprentice were required to receive instructions therefrom. A total of 119 men
had been completely cured In the
the present timo there is no need f
any man to be out of worlt if ho
able and willing to go to work who
there is work, It is also true there
no need for alarm as to the futur
But wo know from experience ho
rapidly and unexpectedly a situati.
may develop as soon as the winter
upon us.
Last year wo came through oi
troubles fairly well, and again we ai
hoping for the best, But we cnn n
ignore experience. As far back as
can remember, (here has never been
shortage of labor in British Columb
In the winter months, although thoi
has often enough boen a scarcity ■
employment. With our more attra«
tive winter climate, il is easy to brin
ahout a glut In the labor market her
1 am only afraid that something <
the kind may result from the miscor
structlon placed upon my recent re
marks. We may be able to look aftt
our own people who are coming bao
to us from tho harvest fields, but an
stranger, who is tempted to leave th
prairie in the hopo of finding wlnt-j
work In this province, might just fl
woll save his travelling expenses."
Old-Time Musician
F. T. Highfleld, an old member c
Vancouver Musicians' union, dropf
ed In the city from Calgary this weeJ
Several of the older membors of th
Musicians' union here will remeni
ber him, as he was one of the indi.
pensiblos in serving on committee
etc., In bygone days. Mr. Highfiel
was the Fiftieth Battalions's fir'
band master, nnd accompanied
to France in 1916. During the batt
of Somme he was invalided hon
Extract from the World dally new
pnper twenty years ago: "The Mui
clans' union Is preparing for a grai
ball. The committee in charge
Messrs. A. Malacord, Joshua Bowy«]
F. T. Highfleld, Robt. Chance. G.
Miller."—B. C.  Musician.
Pass The Federatlonist along a|
help get new subscribers.
IOGGE-IK— If you want to ea|
j threo squares during the wlntfl
come to Saddle View Hunch, .luck.-**!
Bay. IJ. C.
Disappears   as   if   by   magic   when
in uhoiI. Oas pains, acid Bloinnch, rl
stomach, horning and all attor-catlng I
tri'Ks relieved in two minutes. All D|
Fresh Cut Flowers, Fnnerul Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, j
Ornamental und Slindu Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        65S OranvUle Street
Sey. 988-672 "SAT IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 9.13-1391
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamers at your servico.
Calling at all Northern B. C. Coast Points, Lumber and Mining Oamps,(
Canneries and Pulp and Paper Mills,
For further particulars apply:
Plionc Sey. 8011
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,]
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installedl
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or|
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd. |
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items