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British Columbia Federationist Oct 13, 1922

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERA
1NDC8TBIAHTNITY:  STRENGTH **1
FOURTEENTH YEAR. No. 36
Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 13,1922
POIiIHC-U. UNITY: VICTO!*
w
$2.50 PER YBA1
-
VANCOUVER UNIONISTS
START MOVE TO SECURE
UNITY IN MOVEMENT
Trades Union Conference Decides to Hold. Another
Meeting—Dual Unions Stumbling Block to
Centralization of Labor+ Worts
Through Central
•■THE conference of trades union-*of his argi
■* lsts held Friday lost, was even
better attended than was expected
by the sponsors of the movement,
Bome few weeks ago, it was decided
by the -Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, that unity could be
secured in the Labor movement In
Vancouver If efTortB were made to
that end, and the conference was
the result.
When President Neelands called
the meeting to order, and stated
the objects, there were about 80
delegates present. Calling the attention of those present to
the fact that there were organizations wlHch were not affiliated with
the Trades and Labor Council, and
that the council was the central
labor body and could be made just
what the, workers wished It to be,
President Neelands asked Vlce-prealdent Bartlett to read a resolution
which had been prepared, which
reads as follows: •***
"Whereas,' the centralization of
the activity of the trades unionists
la essential to the effective opposition of employing class dlctums,
and
''Whereas, the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council Is the central
•body of organised labor, therefore
be It
"Resolved, that this meeting
urges on all eligible organizations
not now affiliated with -the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
the necessity of such affiliation, so
that the larger or wider activities
of organized labor shall be co-ordinated, that all moves of a nature
which affect the workers as a
whole, be started and carried out
by the central labor body, the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council/'
Desiro for Unity
In support of the resolution,
Vice-president Bartlett stated there
was a desire for the consolidation
of the Labor movement In the city,
and more intensive organization.
Referring to the necessity of centralization, he pointed out that this
could only come through the organisations affiliating with the
council.   He Instanced, in support
Panic - stricken   Officials
Afraid She WiH Start
Propaganda
American   Dancer  Says
She Is Interested in
Russia Children
[By Harry Godfrey]
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
New York.— Isadora Duncan,
American dancer who went to Russia ln 1917 to conduct a school of
dancing, has been admitted to the
IT. 8. after being held up here with
her young Russian poet husband
by Immigration officials in secret
ordera from Washington,
She Is billed to give a number of
exhibitions here In the land of her
birth and citizenship, but because
In Moscow she had the coopera
tlon of the Russian government tn
teaching children to dance,' It IS
believed the Immigration bureau
became panic-stricken lest she
spread "soviet propaganda" here.
"We are not coming to spread
propaganda," Miss Duncan said,
"All we are here for is to let people
know how the Russian children
live on black bread, I am not concerned with politics or govern'
ments, but with the Russian chil
dren. They are wonderful. To see
a child half starving with a red
cloth bound around Its head, and
the look of a king In Its eyea—that
ts what I have to tell America,
They say to me: 'We are starving,
but we are free.'"
That sort of talk did not please
the burly Immigration officials.
They grabbed the baggage of the
dancer and her husband, turned
evury article of wearing aparef
Inside out, seised their books which
are to be held for transIatlon,and
turned away contemptuously when
her manager produced -two tetters
from the state department stating
that no objection would be Interposed to Miss Duncan's coming to
the United States provided her
passports were properly vised.
This Is not all, however. In a
few minutes the Immigration officiate approached the manager, 8.
Hurock, and ordered him to disrobe. He protested that he was
only a visitor to the ship and refused to take his olothes ott. He
was told If he did not disrobe voluntarily he would be stripped by
force.
Then he was seized and stripped,
and although he Is an American
citizen, even-his skin was carefully examined from head to foot.
The Inspector evidetly thought his
body might bear some Invisible
writing which would overthrow
the United States government If It
were permitted to leave the ship.
Nothing was found, however, and
he was permitted to land and return to his offlce without even an
apology.
V
x» \, the ability of the
employers ft t tralizo thetr activities, and gai \ On Illustration the
railroad ope-ft ?a In the United
States, and at **-e Canadian roads
which were a. % ? put up a flght
against the we, "fct. and asked In
conclusion, "Wl Wmnot the workers get togethor *nd flght the common enemy Y'
Considerable discussion took
place on thts resolution, some of
the delegates Uklng the stand that
the constitution of the trades council precluded the affiliation of dual
organizations, and the point was
made that the first thing to do was
to eliminate the difficulties which
these organisations raised.
It was then moved that the resolution be tabled until such time as
the obstacles in the' way of affiliation were thoroughly discussed.
During ' the discussion, the
dual organizations were referred to
and the fact that the members of
these organizations were as sincere
in their efforts as of any other
organization, but tt was also pointed out that the fact remained,
that while there was more than one
unton ln one craft, this prevented
the consolidation of the forces of
Labor. It was also pointed out that
there were some 64 Labor organizations In the city, and only ten of
these were not eligible for affiliation with the council, and that 82
of the 64 organizations are at present affiliated with the council.
Dual Unions
The following resolution, covering dual unions, was then Introduced:
"Whereas, there are In the City
of Vancouver many dual organizations, and
"Whereas, dual unionism has always militated against the unity of
the workers, and played Into the
employers' hands, because such
dual unions create dissensions in
the ranks of the workers; therefore, be it resolved:
"That this meeting of tradei
unionists in Vancouver do suggest
to the recognised trades unions,
that they make every effort to absorb the members of the dual
unions so that unity may be secured
In the different crafts and Industries among the workers who are
now divided by auoh dual unions."
Another Meeting
Delegate Cottrell, of the Street
Railway Men, moved as an amendment to thc resolution:
"That all Labor organizations In
the city of Vancouver, irrespective
of their affiliations, be invited to a
further meeting for discussing any
matters pertaining to the welfare
of jhe Labor movement; the meeting to be held en Thursday, Oct.
26."
The mover of the above resolution stated that he was willing to
withdraw It, and the amendment
then became the motion, and was
carried without dissent. In order
to have something concrete to
place before the next meeting, It
was decided to elect n. committee
of ten, five from the affiliated or*
ganizations, and Ave from those
unions which are not connected
with the trndes council, to consider
ways and means, for the consolidation of the movement. The committee consists of the following:
Amalgamated   Carpenters,   Del.
McSween; Street Rallwaymen, Del.
(Continued on page 4)
Miners Compelled to Send
Children to
Work
Children's Bureau of U. S.
Throws Light on
Situation
[By Rosa Laddon]
{Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—Direct relation between child labor and low earnings
of fathers ln a Pennsylvania anthracite region It traced by the children's bureau of the United State
department of Labor tn a report on
excessive child labor found In. a
coal mining dlstriot fn the central
fields of Schuylkill county.
The report, which covers an area
little more than half a square mile,
states that children ln this district
suffer both from eongestlon and Isolation; 24,726 persons were found
living in thts small area, 13,592 of
them with more than one person,
and 3045 with two or more persons
to a room, in rooms that were generally small and below a minimum
standard of cubic air spaee. Children had to walk long distances by
hazardous paths to reach school.
Of the boys between 13 and 16
years of age, 67 per cent, or 896
out of 1564, and of girls 29 per cent,
or 453 out of 1572, had left school
for work. "Family need" was the
reason mott frequently given for
leaving school, and the proportion
of children entering, employment
was greater as the father's Income
was less. About half of the 483
children whose fathers earned less
than $850 a year had discontinued
school for regular work, while only
11.5 per cent, of the 183 whose
fathers earned $1850 or more had
sought work.
The average best day's pay the
year ending May 31, 1919, among
the mine working fathers ln the
dlsUict surveyed was between f4
and $5, but although the period was
one of high production, 61 per cent,
of these men had lost time because
of market fluctuations, car shortage and other industrial conditions.
Less than one-fifth of the men employed in mining reported'earnings
of $1450 or more a year, and only
4.4 per cent. $1850; a total of 231
reported less than $850. Only 146
wbrklng children had attended continuation school out of 1220 legally
repulrcd to do so.
1
French Charged Rent for
Trenches in Late
War
"The British, for whom wo
fought, sent ub a bill for over a
hundred million dollars for transporting our soldiers across the Atlantic," comments the New Age;
continuing:
"At the same time they told us
it was silly to ask interest on the
money we loaned them. Some people, grown used to the slap-sttck
and light kind of humor, thought
the British jokes a bit heavy.
"But there is a Frencn slant to
the joke that ls even better.
"They have Just collected $160,-
000.000 from their British Allies
for the use of railroads, docks,
warehouses and—don't laugh too
loud—the trenches.
"Rent for the trenches! We
have In this at elast one explanation
for Britain's not holding more
than 25 miles of the front.   .
"They did not. mind the fighting,
or getting killed, or being gassed,
but they bally well thought the rent
too high.
"A good way for the Americans
and BrltlBh to recoup would bo to
■charge the soldiers for room rent
or lodging for the time spent In the
trenches.
"It was a great war. Grafters in
arms, all,"
Another Job Fixed
BusinesB Agent Hardy, of the
Carpenters, reports thnt the Community Church Job at Sixteenth and
Cedar Street has been straightened
out. He states that there wilt be
no more Saturday afternoon work,
and that the condlttpns laid down
by the union will in future, be lived
up to.
Patronize K»d Advertisers
Favor Efforts of Council
to Bring Unions
Together
Local 844, Engineers, held their
regular meeting on Thursday, Oct,
5, at which there was a fairly good
attendance, and quite a lot of interesting discussion. Three delegates were appointed to attend the
get-together meeting called for
Oct. 6, by the trades council and
the meeting was strongly In favor
of the steps taken by the trades
council, and Inasmuch as the report
was received j that the Canadian
Association "of Stationery Engineers were expected to send dele
gates to that meeting, the hope was
expressed that the engineers could
bring about a united front upon
their part by eventually amalgamating the two bodies.
The question of supporting the
Steam Fitters in their attempts to
have the franchise for the propo
sed central heating plant awarded
to a local firm instead of to an American Arm, was discussed at
length, and while the local were
not particular about tho national
tty of the gang that exploited tlie
workers, the local firm seemed to
have a better name than the one
from across the line; in as much as
the latter were reported to be t
subsidiary to the notorious "American Plan," labor-hating, Crane
outflt. Hence the local agreed to
assist in boosting for the local Arm,
The question ot the eontract for
tho proposed Second Narrows
bridge was discussed, and n protest
was launched against the Northern
Construction Company being allowed to have a hand In same, unless
they were prepared to play horso a
little better than they did on the
Ballantyne pier, which is a job
that stinks in the nostrils of union
men. it Is confidently* expected
that a campaign can be organized
that will cause these gentlemen (?)
to realize that there is a limit to
the depths to which a corporation
can go tn exploiting labor, nnd If
the workers generally will refresh
their memories, there are many
ways In which they can interfere
with the profits of the money-mad
pirates.
IS TO
IMPORT
Big Merger of Germah
Workers Is
Proposed
Carpenters Subscribe to Fed,
At the quarterly meeting of Local
452, of tho United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners, hold on
Monday evening, It was decided by
an almost unanimous vote to subscribe In a body to The B. C. Federatlonist. This wilt give The Federatlonist about 750 new readers. The
meeting was well attended,. and
much business transacted. Owing
to the expected large attendance,
the O'Brien hall waB taken for the
meeting, and the crowd which turned out proved that the estimate
was well grounded.
Put   a  one-cent  stamp  on   thlt
paper and mail It to a friend.
Needs  of  Hour   Bring
About Demand for
Unity
Berlin—All workers on land, water or air who trt engaged In what
may lie called the transport Indue,
try, are to be united In Germany
under the name of Deutsche- Ver-.
hehrsbund (German Transport Alliance), if the plans unanimously
approved by the llth convention ol
the Oerman transport Worken
Federation carry.
The Transport Worker»*eder»-
tion has completed the 85th year ejt
Its existence, From under 2000 jjji
1197, it has grown to a membership of 570,000. It embraces 103,-
013 manual workera in commercial
establishments, 70,652 cabmen.,
draymen and chauffeurs, 11,Itf
coachmen, 1303 drivers of beer
wagons, «8,42J movera, 14,582 coal
carriers, 30,258 harbor workert,;
23,988 workers engaged In shipping
and harbor railway employees, 1834
street cleaners, 3809 theatre ana
movie hands e/ti 3872 miscellaneous workers.
This powerful organisation finds
that it cannot struggle successfully
alont against the concentration ot
capital. It wants the German Railway Workers Federation and the
municipal and state employees engaged ln the transportation industry, who are now united in a separate organization, to affiliate. T_le
Transport Workers convention voted to change ltn name to Doutscher
Verkehrsbund, beginning Jan. rl.
1928, and to widen Its constitution
In such a way as to make the union
of all branches of German labor
engaged In transportation possible.
There were 306 delegates present, of whom 25 were Communists. The criticisms of the Bolsheviks were listened to with far greater tolerance .In this body than in
many others ln which the Communists constitute a militant minority.
The Transport Workera Federation
prides itself on having excluded no
Communists from membership because of hiB economic views, and it
proposes not to do so in future.  ;.
The railroaders seem to be less
keen nbout fusion. Many et their
members have lived so long under
the old Prussian regimo that they
continue to look upon themselves
as somewhat better peoplo, inasmuch as thoy hold jobs in government-owned institutions.
The Transport Workers Federation has had to keep up a continual
flght ngninst reduction of wages,
abrogation of eight-hour day, and
sabotage by the bosses of arbitral
tlon awards. It won practically all
strikes called.for enforcement of its
demands. The right to strike was
demanded for workers in government undertakings. A further demand of the convention wns for 6
o'clock closing for stores. The prevailing system In Germany Is to
close at 7. Finally, the convention
voiced the opinion thnt the treaty
of Versailles must bo revised If
Europe is to get bnck on its feet.
The next convention of the transport workers, two years henco, wiy.'
be held at Jena. Oswald Schum.'
mann, who for 25 years has beeiii
president and moving spirit of the|
federation, wns re-elected without
opposition. Toscan Bennett, ex.
Brookwood Workers College, Kato-'
nah, N. Y., who attended some of
tho sessions as a guest, was given a.
rousing reception ns ho was welcomed by the presiding officer.
lions Send Members to
Jniversities ih Workers' Republic
feach Workers So That
They Can Do Better
Work
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Mobcow.—Russian universities
this fall, it is expected, will admit
84,000 students. The number desiring entrance is much greater,
for during the past years of war
and unrest, large numbers have
been unable to take time for edu-
catlin and now wish to repair that
difficulty.^ Their number ls increased by the children of the new
capitalists developing under the
new economic policy.
But fn Russia education Is not
granted merely because you can
afford to "pay for it. The number
ot paid places lh the universities,
open to those with money, Is extremely small, only between 5 per,
cent, and 10 per Cent, of the whole.
The greater number of students
are young people sent by unions,
communist party locals or various
government institutions. Education Is considered a state function;
the state pays for it, and selects
the people who are to get lt.
Thus ln the flrst University pf
Moscow, there Is room this fall for
2323 entering students. Only 110
are permitted to be paid for, and
these come In on the basis of extremely stiff entrance examinations,
In'which the highest gain admit-
ance. Another 108 are open by
voluntary entrance, to children of
workers, peasants, or orphans.
These also are contested for by en-
trance examinations, tn order that
the children of the poor, who may
have perhaps no union or government or party connections, may
yet get into the university lf they
are well qualified. All the other
vacancies, to the number of. more
than 2000, will be tilled by various
unions, government departments,
or party locals.
Here one of the determining elements Is the fact that the department ln which tho man works
wants him to learn certain subjects in order that he may do hts
work better. Thus, for Instance,
:he foreign offlce might decide to
send one of Kb promising young
mon to the university to learn
foreign languages or to study the
problems of Asia, Including Chinese and Japanese history, in order
to flt him for neceasn./ work in
those branches.
Such a young man, sent by his
institution or his union, would receive not only his tuition free, but
also freo lodging and food in a
university commune, a small sum
of money for incidental expenses,
and freodom from militnry service.
II ic no wonder that there should
be keen competition for theBe
places, although the life and food
at the university is still scanty, due
to general condition.) in Russia.
But nearly every student who goes
knowB that ho Ib thero for a purpose, to gain certain definite forms
or knowledge which his union or
the department in which he workB,
have decidod he cnn, proflt by to
the generol good of Russia.
The Communist party does not
invariably send members, but may
send children of nonpartisan workers or peasants, whichever students seem, both by examination
and by local knowledgo of the
student's past, best able to gain
knowledge and use It for the beneflt of Russia.
government
German    "Gary" Shows
That Business Must
'ttule
World News ini Brief Paragraphs
Montreal — Negotiations for ihetthe central executive committees of
conclusion of a definite wage scale
between Canadian railway shopmen
and Cnnadlan railways are to be resumed
Missoula, Mont.—Seventy men,
mostly university students, who
had been acting as strike-breakers
ln the railroad shops here, have left
thoir jobs. As negotiationH for a
strike settlement on the Northorn
Pacific are at a standstill, the loss
of these men, even though they
were not skilled workers, will be
appreciable.
Chicago.—- Though William %
Foster was wanted by the Michigan authorities on equally flimsy
evidence, Gov. Small of Illinois,
readily consented to Foster's ex-;
tradition Instead of throwing'the
demand out of court, as Gov. Miller of New York did with the application for the extradition to
Michigan of Edward Lindgren.
Thc heurings in tho Michigan criminal syndicalism cases will begin In
St. Joseph Oct. 17.
Springfield, 111.—Suspension of
the charter ot tho Springfield central tabor body has been ordored
by Samuel Oompers, president A,
F. of L.. on the advice, it is said,
of Organizer Collins. After eharg-'i
es had been flled agninst the presU
dont and the trial committee of
the central body, Oompers took ac-1
tion. The miners, plumbers, bar-]
bers, electrician!- and others, generally rated as progressives, start-:
cd a flght againnt alleged corrupt
denls by the controlling faction
with political machines.
(By The Federated Press)
Zurich, Switzerland,—A fusion
of tho HwIhh leather workers and
tho clothing workors wll) take
place If a referendum vote of the
mombershlpB of these two bodies,
which closes Nov. 30, approves the
decision unanimously arrived at bv
both bodies. The effort to amalgamate tlte two bodios dates back to
1917, at which time the clothing
workers unanimously favored the
idea. The leather workers voted
negatively. When the subject was
broached again this year the leather workers suw the advisability of
consolidating and cutting down cx-
St. Paul. Minn.—The largest
damages for death in the history of
the northwest was sustained by the
Btipreme court ot this State, when
It upheld the award of $28,815 io
Marguerite Clark for the death of
her husband, a switchman for tho
Burlington rond, who was killed in
July, 1919, The raitroad in its appeal had claimed the award was
excessive.
"Patriotic" Work Means
Profits for Capitalistic
Power
. [By Louis P. Lochner]
(European Dir. Federated Press)
Berlin—The agreement concluded between Hugo Stlnnes and Guy
Jean Marquis de Luberac for the
restoration of the devastated
French region means from the
workers' standpoint that:
Stlnnes, the German Gary, has
set himself above the German government and demonstrated that big
business is superior to the state.
The agreement was made without
knowledge of the German govern'
ment, and in-violation of the prln
ciplcs for which the government
stood. \
Back In 1910 and 1020, the German trjide unions had agreed with
the French trade unions upon a
plan for rebuilding northern France
under the joint control of the organized workers' associations of
both countries. That plan was ap>
proved by the German government
but turned down by the French,
The reconstruction was to take
place at cost.
When this plan failed, the late
Walter Rathenau, then minister of
reconstruction, conoluded with the
approval of the German trade
unions the so-called Wiesbaden
agreement, by which the German
government was to organize a corporation on a non-profit making
basis to handle the work of reconstruction. Again tho proposal came
to naught because of French opposition.
Now Stlnnes comes along and
adopts the whole scheme, but wtth
the addition that one of his corporations, the Hoch-und Ttefbau Gesellschaft, fs to be the middleman
Instead of the government or the
trade unions, and that this middleman is to earn 6 per cent, for Us
patriotic worki
The agreement further means the
concentration in the hands of one
group of an enormous power both
for making profits and for gaining
political ends. The agreement provides that all materials and all labor In Germany used In-the work
(Continued on page t)
WE READ! TO
IT
Webster, Mass.—For two yearn
the striko of employee.*- of S. Slater
& Sons Co., against thc two loom
systom on woollen goods has bcen
conducted by the Amalgamated
Tdxtlle Workers. The mill's production is crippled and much of ita
product returned by tho buyers as
Imperfect,
Oakland, Cal. — Amalgamation
has been effected here of workors
craft unions In the furniture trades,
comprising carpet mechanics, upholsterers, drapers, seamstresses
nnd mattress makers.
London—For the first timo British civil servants havo revolted—at
least to tho extent of holding an
open-air demonstration In Trafalgar Square, JtiBt like any other body
of discontented workerB, and stating their grlovancos to tho public.
A resolution was passed, demanding an Impartial Inquiry Into the
low salaries of thoso temporary
clerks who have, after passing an
examination, bcen made permanent
clerks, but are still receiving only
the pny of temporary clerks.
Mexican   Workers   Will
Defend  AH   They
Have Won
(By The Federoted Press)
Mexico City.—Warning to Intriguing.capitalists who are trying
to pull thc teeth of the pro-labor
provisions of the Mexican constitution and deprive tho people of
the frulta of the revolution, was
sounded in a speech by Luis Morones I o the newly-elected labor
deputies of the Mexican congress
and representatives of the unions
embodied in tho Federation of
Syndicates of the federal district.
The occasion wus a dinner and
fiesta in honor of the opening of
now headquarters of the federation,
held ln the huge dining room of a
model government factory at Tacu-
baya, whero 1*00 organized work*
ers, men and women, make ull lho
clothing for the Mexican army.
Luis Morones, who Is director of
the eight govornment military factories where everything from cannons und lathes to putlceH nnd
hats are manufactured, Is the unofficial head of the Mexican labor
movement.
What better placo than this, a
factor> of the new social order,
can we wish to celebrate this occasion'.' Wc won the revolution with
arms and blood; wo are ready
again to flght to tlie end to protest what wc have gained," ho said,
'lhe delegates wore shown through
tho factory and mnrvetled at tho
up-to-dato machinery und methods
or organization. The eight-hour
day with 45 minutes of that timo
devoted to games and physical exercises, a day nursery for the babies
of workers, an orchestra, dramatic
club, nud union recognition nre
some of thc features of this fuc^
tory.
Tho banquet wos ordered, ar
ranged and served by members of
the waiters' union.
BRITISH UBOR PAPER
MAKES CAUSTIC COMMENT
ON EASTERN QUESTION
Glasgow Forward Exposes Atrocities of Greeks and
Real Reason for Struggle in tke Near East-
Some Facts Which the Warmongers WiU
Not Be Able to Digest
TJOW the Labor press   ln   Great' 'munitions.   King Cons tan tine  had
•l-l  Britain Is viewing the struggle  British guns and shells. Mustapha'*
between British and French Impe<
rial Ism, as demonstrated by the
clash between the two forces ln
the Near East, Is well* Illustrated
by The Glasgow Forward, ln an article written by T. J., which Is evl
dently a non do plume for a writer
who Is well known In labor circles
in the old country. The article In
question follows:
So the armies march again-
rather earlier than we prophesied
—but they march, and this Ume
the fight will NdT be for thi OU
Pipe line, lt will be for-a rea'» jood
crusading yell of the middle ages,
to save Christian Europe from the
Bloody Turk, the cross from the
Crescent In the Dominions It ls
to safeguard the heroic dead on
the elopes of Gallipoli; but here In
the Old Country we bank our
credit upon the prophecy that there
will be a strong propaganda about
the Holy Land, the iniquity of
Harems, and the Armenian atrocities.
Still the shareholders In Shell
and the Anglo-Persian will not
march. Their fighting is to be done
by proxy.
What Haa Cavscd the Unpleasant
nesa at Smyrna
As it seems that the captlalist
press ls unable or unwilling to state
the real facts of the causes of the
impending struggle, lt may be that
we should seize the present opportunity of explaining them. Next
week, or next month, may be too
late, for then there'may be a new
Defense of the Realm Act, and the
gaol for inconvenient exponents of
the truth, or the great hard-headed
British public may have been
whipped up by the press to great
excitement about the children with
chopped off hands, murdered prisoners with their,eyes gouged out,
corpse fat, and nurses' breasts cut
ott, and when that stage of atrocity
receptlveness is reached—well the
facts do not matter.
So while yet there la time, and
sanity, let us explain.
1.—That French financiers hold
70 per cent, of the Turkish debt.
That is why France li "pro-Turk";
tbat la why France haa been supplying munitions of war to Kemal
Pasha, France wants her Turkish
investments secured and repaid,
2,—British finance on the other
hand Ib In the oil fields. But
British finance did not dare risk
an open suppression of a strong
Independent Turkish state, for
that meant trouble In India.
Greece, however, was lying handy,
and to Greece fell the honor of
receiving our munitions and our
financial support, in return for
which Greece was to keep Turkey
pre-occupied, until such time as
we had leisure to find other means
of consolidating our oil position.
When we say "our" position, we
speak, as lt were, for the receivers
of the nVVi Per cent, dividends
from Shell Oil.
Italy caunot afford a strong
Greece on her flunk. France
wants to secure thc repayment of
her Ottoman Debt and Britain is
after the oil. The antagonism of
economic Interest is fundamental,
and whatever temporary agreemont
may appear to be putched up
among the three, great natlonB over
the spoils of Turkey, that agreement cannot last.
Mustapha Pasha hnd Italian
aeroplanes and French tanks and
heroes have licked Tlno's heroes;
and Mustapha now awaits at Smyrna further ordera from the executive committee of the French
holders of the Ottoman debt,
Nothing to Do With tbo Freedom
of the Straits
An attempt haa been made to
cover up this Pipe Line, , Public
Debt quarrel with some smooth
stuff about "the freedom bf the
Straits;" There Is no trouble at
all about "the freedom of tho
Straito-"
Last month Fethl Bey. the Turkish National Minister of the Interior, arrived in London with a
proposal that an adequate xone on
both. shores of the Bosphorus aa
well as the Dardanelles, should be
demilitarised nnd neutralised, thua
becoming forblden ground to military forcea of the Turks, the Allies, or any other nation. The
sanction for thta statue jvas to bo
inspected by. thb League of Nations, which was to be given for
thla purpose the fullest rights and
facilities. The only exception waa
to be a nominal Turkish garrison,
as a symbol of sovereignty, ln the
city of Constantinople itself, but
this reservation was balanced by
the offer of a second neutral sone.
similarly inspected, between Turkey and Bulgaria.        ,
But Lord Curzon was "not at
home" to Fethl Bey. He did not
receive him. True, his secretary
has ilnce written, to the Morning
Post explaining that Fethl Bey waa
Invited to place his proposals before some minor official or other.
But the Most Noble the Marquis of
Curzon received him not. Tho
freedom of the Straits is not tho
meat ln the pie.
A Bad Presa
The war has, so far, had a bad
press. Of course, we do not lay
overmuch stress upon that, for we
remember how' one week John
Bull was placarding tho country
Tb Hell with Serbia" and how
(Continua* on Pato I)
»      ' i. j .... w
SELECT! JURY
L BE LC
Defense WUl Be Handicapped Owing to Lack
of Time
S. V. L. I.. NOTES
Tho rcular aducnlionul meeting
of tho South Vancouver Lubor
League will be held tonight (Friday) at 6262 Chester Street, und
will take the form of a hat night,
subjects to bo drawn uy lho members from the hat.
Tho league Is holding n Hallowe'en dance on Tuesday, Oct. 31, lu
the John Oliver high school, corner
4(>th Avenue, nnd George Street.
The price of admission will bo 50
cents for gents, and 25 centa for
ladles. Dancing will be hold from
fl to 12, and a good orchestra will
be In attendunce. Everybody welcome.
All memberB arc requested tn at-
tend tho meeting tonight at 8
o'clock sharp.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, nnd then call
around next dny for a subecripilon,
SECOND LABEL
E
Social Function Arranged
for Building;
Trades
The second dance of the season
for thc education of workerB conducted by thu Union Label Leaguo
of the Vancouver Trndes and Labor
Council, will be held on Friday
October 20, In the Alexander Dane
ing Pavilion, nt tho corner of Rob
son and Hornby Streets.
This dunce is ■•specially arraii
ged for tho building trudes, and It
is expected that the members of all
building trades unions wilt participate and aid thc committee In the
work of boosting the union label,
and tlie educational work which tbe
committee has undertaken.
Recompiling thnt there are mnny
people who do not dunce, tlie com
mittee has arranged for a whist
drive. Tills feature will commence
nt 8-lfi prompt, and an good prize..
havo been provided for the winners, there Bhould bc a largo number present lo pluy cards.
Dancing will start nt fl p.m.
prompt, and as thc committee htm
rented one of. if not thc best hall In
tlie city, and arrnnged for first-
lass music by nn orchestra of fivo
pieces, the capacity of tho hull
should bo taxed If the workers rally
to tho assistance of the committee.
A buffet lunch will bo served at n
small cost of 15 cents. Gents tickets for the danco and whist drive
nre 50 cents; ladies. 25 cents, Tick-
els cun be obtulnod nt the office of
the trades council, ut 310 Pender
Street West, or any member of tho
committee,
You may wish to help The Fod-
cratlonht. You con do so by renewing yonr subscription promptly ami
sending In tlie subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
Manufacturers Praise thi
Officials in Charge
of Trials
[By Maud McCreery]
(Federated Press Staff Correepondent) '
Marion, 111.—Obtaining a jury
for the flrst of the Herrin bloodshed trials, scheduled for Nov. 8,
may be a long task, in the opinion
of trial lawyers. The firBt case la
that of 46 men charged with the
murder of Howard Hoffman, one
of the strike breakers fighting
units in the mine war of June 21
and 22.
Ench of the 46 accused will have
20 peremptory challenges, n possible total of 920 arbitrary objections to prospective jurymen. In
addition challenges for prejudice
or other cause will bo permitted
whilo the state has wido powers
of rejection.
The defense will labor under
considerable handicap to prepare
for trial in the bare month before
the Start". Tho prosecution has the
advantage through hnving helped
prepare tlie indictments nnd mar-
shall lhe evidence. As tho Illinois
Chamber of Commerce boasted
when raising $50,000 to finance
tbo prosecution: "Attorney General Hrundage already has a grand
Jury selected nnd is getting Indictments."
Manufacturers News, tho Illinois
big- business organ published In
Chicago, says this week: "Considering all the circumstance*
Atty. Gen. Brundage and State's
Attorney Duty of Williamson county have done remnrkably well In
bringing about the Indictment of
so ninny persons for participation
In the Herrin massacre." A fter
sketching the difficulty the state
will have "to get tho rope around
tho murderer's neck," Manufacturers News assails the miners'
union and pities the poor miner
as follows:
"Coupled with ull of these difficulties Is nn organizntion of men,
many of whom are under indictment for hnving violated thc laws
nnd who are accused of conspiracy
hi their effort to maintain their
domination over the poor, unsophisticated, ignorant minor. The
peoplo of Illinois ought to be
ashamed of themselves that they
hnvo allowed such a condition to
exist. The miners of Illinois. In
somo sections, nre but little better
off than were the negroes In many
ports of the south In ante-bellum
days. Thc public Bhould not get
the improBSlon that the fight Is
over.    It hns Just commenced."
The regular October grand Jury
wbicn h»« made its report to Judgo
w.witt   T. Harlwell,   includes   a
(Continued en page «) *******-~*
PAGE TWO
l''OmU'I_I0NTH YEAR.    NO.  .li   _>
BRITISH
UMWA PgDERATIONIST' Vancouver, b. g
...O.toller IS, 10—
BRITISH MIA FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday  mornins by The B. C,
Federationist, Limited
Business Olllce:    -129 Howe Street
Jpditoria! Offlce:   Room 300, 319 Pender Street West
Editorial Board:   P. R. Bengough, R, H. Neelands,
J. M. Clfll'U, George Bartley.
Subscription Rates: United States and Foreign, (3.00
per year: Canada, S_.r.O per year, tl.50 for sit
months; to Unions subscribing In a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of Labor:   Tin- Hope of Hie World
FRIDAY October 13, 1922
The Death of Robert McBeath
and the Drug Traffic
VANCOUVER has been stirred during tlie
■J past week, as it is seldom stirred, by the
death of Constable Robert McBeath, who met
his death while on dutj". lie was shot by a
half-crazed negro, whom he was trying to arrest for driving a car to the common danger
of the public. Organized labor in the city
joins with other organizations in expressing
regret for the loss of this young life, and
also in thc sympathy which has been expressed
to his girl wife, who has lost her husband in
a most tragic manner. Constable McBeath
was a member of the Policemen's Union. He
was not only a member, but an active onc,
and was much respected by his fellow members. The workers, however, are possibly
more sincere in their expressions of regret
and sympathy than are many others who
have figured largely in the press in connection with this tragic affair.
* *      •
In the first place, the workers realize that
every man on the police force is faced with
death when on duty in this city. Jle has
nothing to fear from tbe average working
man, but he has much to fear from the victims of a ring whioh makes huge profits'out
of the drug traffic. The workera also realize
that were it not for the profit in the selling
of life-destroying drugs that they would not
be sold, and today they are asking questions.
They wish to know who are the higher-ups
in the drug ring. They desire information as
to why- thc peddlers, or tho lowest and least
remunerated'dealers in drugs, are arrested,
while thc men fwho aro at the head of the
traffic, and their middlemen, are not molested.
They, in fact, are asking why it is that large
corporations and business houses arc allowed to
mike largo profits out of the sale of drugs
which are of no use to humanity, but a curse
wherever they are sold.
From information received from a reliable
source, we learn that there arc over thirteen
thousand tons of crude opium imported into
this country and the United States in a year.
For what purpose is this drug imported?. Is
it because it serves any real purpose in the
lives of the people? Tift answer must bc apparent to all who use their brains for the pur-
' pose for which they have been produced, and
that answer is, no. Drugs, are imported into
this eountry and to the United States because
of thc profit which can be made by the sale
of narcotics. It is useless to say that the
most of the drugs whieh are imported arc imported illegally. They are also imported
with the consent and sanction of thet government of the country, and duty is paid on
every ounce wliich reaches this country and
passes through the hands of the customs
officials.
e    *     *
There could be cited many instances where
the government receives revenue from the importation of goods which do not benefit the
persons which buy them, but whieh arc detrimental to the people. But there is profit in
the sale of these goods. There is profit for
those who manufacture them, and that is to
the bc all and end all of modern industry and
production. Profits must be conserved at all
costs. The man who invests his money in a
business which is detrimental to humanity
must receive his pound of. flesh. The munition
manufacturer is in the same gang as the
erowd who have done all in their power to
prevent the stopping of the production of
opium, and he is supported by the same type
of politicians in the houses of legislature. In
fact there is not an instittuion under capitalism which the master class controls which is
not mostly concerned in thc preservation of a
•ystcm which gives to an owning class vast
profits and a degree of misery to the workers
greater than was ever known in the history
of humankind.
* *      *
Recognizing the cause of human misery, the
present system of liiminf- slavery, and also
recognizing that there is no hope for the
workers under capitalism, and that crime, as
it is termed, will increase as thc system develops into a more merciless struggle for existence, we ean only say that if thc workers
really desire to express their true sentiments
against such crimes as that which brought about
the death of Robert McBeath, they will seek to
abolish tlie system which produces the causes
of the effects; but while they are endeavoring
to bring about a new order, they will scck
to have the profiteers in drugs exposed and
their victims freed from their baneful influences. "Justice" will be meted out to the
man who actually did the slaying, but what
about the lot of those who by thoir participation in the traffic which is sapping the lives
of thousands, and the exploiters of labor in
every walk of life and even to the exploitation ot the victims which they create? "Will
it be honors, or ignominy? The workers
must decide.
becomes worse, while all tho windy orations
and written words of the men who neither understand or have the capacity of realizing what
capitalism means to the workers, do not make
the lot of the average wage worker one whit
easier.
* *        9
But while windy orators in working class organizations aro but confusing, the issue which
faces a starving and miserable working class,
there arc some writers for the capitalistic press
who give the game away. One sucb writer in
a recent issue of a local daily paper, states that
work is useless unless there is a market for its
products.  Uliis writer states:
"Certain trade union leaders have recently made themselves rather unpopular
by sayilig, in so many words, that if in- .
dustry is to bc brought back to the normal
level of prosperity the worker must work
harder than ever he did before.
"Their courage is admirable, but it is
questionable whether, in voicing this unpopular creed, they have quite got to the
heart of the matter. At a time when hundreds of thousands of men have no chance
of working at all, it seems idle to tell them
they must work harder; while thoso who
are actually employed arc working, in the
main, as hard as men can be expected to
work. It would probably bc more to the
point to say that the work which is being
done, and that whioh might be done by
those who aro now idle, should be made
more effective."
* *      *
The writer of the above is not a Bolshevist.
He is a respectable "Sir," and does not belong
to the working class. He is above that class,
and writes for the capitalistic press. But he
has certainly shown more insfght than the Labor leaders who wish the workers to work
harder. He realizes that commodities are produced for sale, but while he may not have recognized it, labor power is also a commodity.
The worker "must keep his commodity in good
shape if he would sell it. He will sell it whenever and wherever ho ean, not from choice; but
from necessity, but he cannot keep his only
commodity in first class condition unless he
cats. The Labor leader cats, but he does not
expend his energies in producing profits for his
masters. He burns up his energy, if he is a reactionary and wishes the wqrkors to work harder, in extolling the glories of-work. He voices
the views of the master olass. Thcir courage
may be admirable, but their stupidity is eol-
losal and thcir ignorance monumental. Thcir
place is the garbage can, for they are neither
useful or ornamental, and the sooner they display a little more courage by stepping out of
the- ring and hiding thcir stupidity, the sooner
the working class movement will move, and
the workers make thcir work effective in providing for their needs instead of profits for
their masters.
The Efficiency of Labor
Till. EFFICIENCY of Labor is one of the
topics of the (lay in the capitalistic pi-ess.
The workers are inefficient, if wc are to believe
our paid apologists for the present system. In
fact, all tna evils from whicb human society
suffers is due lo the workers, if the statements
of the henchmen of the ruling class arc to bc
relied on. There are also many apologists in
the ranks of the workers, who hold the same
ideas. Labor leaders imagine that thc men
tljey represent hold it in thcir hands to bring
fibout prosperity and contentment. Radicals
!'"e condemned, their policies criticized and
'Ri'epresehfod, but lhe position of thc workers
The Ten Hour Day and Cheaper
Production
ffK_0 STINNES, greatest industrial capitalist in Germany, recognizes the fact that the
nation which can produce the cheapest is the
nation whieh will bc able to secure a market
for its products.  He is advocating the ten-hour
day, and greater production on the part df the
worker, and in his speech, delivered this week
on this question, he lays bare the position of
the worker in thc following words:'
_ "By working ten hours instead of eight
hours, production will be so much increased
that there will be more and cheaper goods
for the German consumer.  In other words,
by working ten hours, the German people
will reduce thc cost of living while raising
the standard of Jiving.
"The time will come when the workers
will'realize that by working only eight
hours they can not earn enough to keep
alive, whereby working ten hours they can
earn not only thc minimum for existence,
but a margin for better living."
« * *
Tho facts, however, do not coincide with the
German magnate's views. They prove that the
position of the worker is such that his condition
cannot bc improved under the present system.
Work longer, work harder, are the only things
which the ruling class can offer the workers,
but what do they amount to when the real
situation is considered. . The workers have
worked hard, they have fought and died, in
fact they have done everything they should not
have done, but they never have produced the
things wliich they need for'themselves. They
have produced boots, clothes and foodstuffs, but
they lack them because they have worked too
hard for a class which exploits them, and whieh
controls thc product of their toil,
.    ■   '*       to
If working hard would eliminate the poverty
of the "working class, then thc workers would bc
revelling in luxury, but by working hard, they
have flooded the world's market until the service of the wealth producers is no longer needed. In the early days of capitalism, the workers were worked ten, twelve and as high as
sixteen hours per day. Even the children were
not immune from capitalistic exploitation, and
they were destroyed in thc interests of profits.
But as capitalism developed, the strain showed
on thc wage slaves, and in order to conserve
the only thing on earth which ever produced
profits for a master class, laws were passed to
shorten the hours of labor. Capitalism was the
cause of the shorter hour day, and yet we find
that in tho dire extremity which the master
class finds itself in, the controllers of industry
arc seeking to re-establish the longer day, for
what purpose? For the worker, as Stinncs suggests. No, but in the interests of a group of
national capitalists who recognize that the
-cheaper they can produce, the greater the
ohance of selling thcir goods in a world's market.
. ■■'    to ■     .
Germany is quite a step from tlie American
continent, but tho fact remains that thc ruling
class of Great Britain and this continent recognize the samo fact. They realize that the
workers' have produced too much in thc past;
t hat they have worked too hard and tho market
for whicli all ruling classes scramble, is over-
slocked with thc wealth produced by labor,
and so they each say to their slaves, if you
would live, you must work harder and longer
hours. A nico prospect, indeed; but so long as
a slave olass will produce for a parasite olass,
this will be their lot. Capitalism is a hard task
master, and whilo it lasts, thc workers must ef-
ganizc lo oppose its encroachments and decrees.
_■$.»•..■»•■>-.'■■»■.-. .I.■»
The Forces Beneath the
Present Lull in India
Yhi^lieBt. r.o.h peasants and city
proletariat, after a temporary lull ln
their<acUvkies, havo commenced a
new-(-ampHign of striltoa, riots and
inc<*ndlnri3m which necessitates tho
strictest (fovernment supervision to
control. Hut there Is a difference
betmeen these renamed activities
juid the formed countrywide movement of the masses under the banner of non-co-operation. / Then,
while tiie underlying motive force
was economic, the avowed goal was
poliiica!, namely, the attainment of
Swaraj or self-governinont, which
Mr, Gandhi promised within one
year. Now. the political motive lias
been dropped, and the strugglo has
[By Evelyn npyj
rpiIE sudcon disappearance of India from thc world press since
thc arrest and conviction of Mr.
Gandhi to six yoars imprisonment,
wouid seem to indicate that the revolutionary movement there hns
come to on abr.upt end, after a
spectacular and sensational career
under tho bairfier of non-violent
non-co-operation. Event* in India
during* Uie pjist fivo months seem
to confirm this theory. Since the
Bardoli resolutions of the National
Congress committee, paaaed in
April as the rosult of an outbreak
of   mob-violence   on   the   part   of
some uon-eo-opern ting- peasants of; become purely economic—a strug-
the tfnlted Provinces, the slognnslgle for the reduction of hours, the
of Mass Civil Disobedience and Increase of wages, the right to or-
Non-piiyment of Kent and Taxes, Jan tee on the part of Labor, and
havo been dropped from the Con-1 the incorporation of workmen's
gress.programme, and instead, the jbcneiitH and social reform leglsla-
eo-caUed Constructive Programme j tion tn the Immediate economic
has heen put forth, whose main , programme of the class struggle."
' With the peasants, the impelling
motive force is now as formerly,
access to land and free of rent and
taxes, and release from the grip of
the usurer, The accentuation of the
class conflict la Indian society, as
distinguished from the nationalist
campaign, is marked by prolonged
strikes on the part of the city proletariat, and by sporadic revolts of
the landless peasantry. Since the
beginning of this year, aside from
innumerable lesser strikes, there
have heen several conducted on a
nation-wide scale, such ea the Assam-Bengal Railway and Steam
Navigation strikes deolared in conjunction with the exodus of coolies
from the Assam tea gardens on account of starvation wages and slave
labor conditions; the East India
railway strike, which lasted three
months, the Calcutta Seamen's
fjtrike Involving 65,000 men and
t^e '.Tute' Mill Workers' strike just
onded. Among the peasantry, leaving aside the Moplah rebellion,
which required nine iqonths for the
governmont to suppress, intermittent revolts are going on among the
AkaM Sikhs nf the Punjab for the
possession of temple lands usurped
by the corrupt priestcraft nnd protected b.v tho government; the Aika
or Unity movement among thepea-
sants of the United Provinces and
Central India for reslstence to rent
and tftx collectors; the revolt dt the
Bhilsjan agricultural tribe of Central' India, and continuous unrest
which at the present writing calls
for the preson'ce of special soldiery,
among the peasants of Bengal and
Mill. WIS.
The government ts meeting this
widespread economic unrest in two
wai-s-*-by merciless repression
where the movement seems weak
nnrf likely to be crushed by armed
strength, and by remedial legislation where the economic grievances
are so manifest and deep-rooted ns
to drive the people on to reslstence
lh the face of all opposition. The
Factory Act of 1921 and the Oudh
Rent Act are two examples of remedial legislation, the one applied
to industrial workers, the other to
agricultural. At the same time,
bands of special police and soldiery
patrol the countryside, and a determined onslaught Is being made
against the right of city labor to
organize itself into unions. Kept
labor leaders, employed by the government, are doing their best to
steer the movement Into safe channels of refomism.
Powerful political parties, representing the industrial magnates and
lhe rich landlords, are crystallizing
Under the pressure of events, which
are rapidly uprooting the old divisions of Indian society based upon
religion and caste. Such political
parties, formed on manifest class-
lines, can but hasten the day of the
formation of a political party of
the workers and peasants of India,
whose truly revolutionary spirit and
urgent economic needs are driving
t,hem relentlessly onward towards
class-consciousness. Despite their
Ignorance and helplessness born of
centuries of exploitation, the
Strength of the nation lies in these
millions of workers, who ara, growing wise in the process of struggle,
and who will gradually put forth
new leaders to replace those who
betrayed them in thc past, and who
will seek to betray them.
clauses wero the spinning, weaving
ond wearing of Khaddar or homespun cloth by the Indian people,
the peaceful boycott of the law-
courts, reform councils, government
aervice and schools, and the removal of untouchability of the lower castes, and of the drink evil.
This purely reformist and non-revolutionary programme, urged upon
the congress committee by Mr. Gandhi just before his arrest, constituted a decided retreat in the lace
of governmental repression and the
rising tide of mass energy, throughout the country. The congress leaders were no less terrified
than the government by the
threat,, to- life and property
which the growing revolutionary
consciousness of the peasants and
workera implied, and two clauses
of the Bardoli constructive programme urge, first upon the peasants and then upon the landlords;'
the necessity of preserving law and
order and of safeguarding the
rights of private property.
This strategic retreat, and complete .disavowal of the masses by
the nationalist leaders completed
the break between the popular unrest based on economic causes, and
the purely political agitation of the
Congress Party. The arrest and
conviction of Mr. Gandhi severed
the last threuil which held the
masses and the nationalists together. For the past three months, thfs
ompleto divorce of the mass energ*y
from the Congress, haB become;
more and more noticeable, while at
the same time, the Congress itself
lms beon thrown into confusion by
the growth and development,of internal factions, of right and left
tendencies, which only the dominant personality of Mr. Gandhi had
held in check for so long.
Tho incarceration of the latter
gave free play to these splitting
tendencies, whose leaders have beeh
conducting guerilla warfare behind
the closed doors of the Congress
committee. At first chaotic, the
opposition has at last resolved itself into several distinguishable elements. The right wing leaders,
who represont the left wing of the
co-operating Moderates, are preparing to rejoin the latter within the
new Reform Councils, and abandon
the National Congress altogether,
unless It revises its programme in
keeping with their own ideas.
There are two left wing tendencies.
One, centered ln Maharashtra, constitutes a strong and compact group
which agitates for repeal of the
boycott of councils clause, and participation In the coming government elections on the slogan of
"Responsive Co-operation." This
means abandonment of the non-
co-operation idea of the Extremists and the consent to work hand-
in-hand with the government to
the extent that the latter concedes
reforms, and the refusal to co-operate when the government denies
concessions. In principle, this
"left wing" opposition differs very
little from the platform of the Moderates, who accepted the Monr,
tagu-Chelmsford Reform scheme of
1919 with the Idea of attaining to
home rule within the British Empiro by gradual stages. Another,
and smaller left wing element, composed of the younger and more Revolutionary spirits in every province, Is crying for the repeal of the
Bardoli programme of construction
and a. return to tho aggressive tactics of non-violent non-co-operation
Including civil disobedience, nonpayment of rent and taxes, picketing of foreign cloth shops, etc. This
group also puts forward the demand to organise Indian labor, both
In the factories am! on the fields,
to siipport the Congnas programme, and to includo wit. In the latter the redress of som - of the moat
crying economic grievances of the
city and peasant workers.
The congress centre repfesonts
the orthodox adherents of Mr. Gandhi. Thoy stand for fulfilment of
tho constructive programme until
tho Indian people hdvo proved, by
self-discipline, that they are fit 'to
inaugurato furthor steps of the non-
co-oporation campaign, in a strictly
peaceful manner.. Any revision of
the constructive programme of Bar-
doll is, they argue, an act of treason to tho memory of Mahatma
Gandhi, and of disloyalty to the
congress. Tho centre is the party
of stagnation, which is being buffeted between right and left.
Tho increasing resumption by
former non-co-operating lawyers of
their law-practice, the continued
existence of government services
and schools, and tho undeniable
importation of foreign cloth by In-
dfan merchants aa shown by the
trade returns of the past half-year,
demonstrate more clearly than
words the abject failure of the so-
called "Constructive Programme"
to: achieve results, and would point
to tho d-t-re necosslty, to leaders less
obstinate and more realistic, of a-
doptlng some change of tactics
which would at one and the samo
time, hotd the majority of the Con
gress together, and bring back tho
masses within the folds of tho Nationalist Party. But the Construe
tive programme ls still flourished
over the heads of the Indian people
aa the Word of God, and threatens
to remain, what it has been since
ita adoption, tho rock upon which
the Extremist movement will split
to its own destruction!
Meantime, tho powerful current
of mass energy which was halted
and puzzled for a time by the rightabout-face of Bardoli anl the arrest
of Mr. Gandhi, Is gathering a momentum whioh will break down all
obstruction   when   the   tide   rises
i
i
Alberta    Miners    Want
.Union Wages and
Conditions
Word haa been received by the
Federatlonist to the effect that the
members of the Blackstone local of
the United Mine Workers iire on
strike for the recognition of the
union and the union soale of wages.
Workers on the coast should keep
away from Blackstone, Alberta,
and by so doing aid the miners.in
their light for union conditions.
It will be remembered that the
members of District 18 of the
United Mino Workers have had a
big light on their hnnds Ihis "year
and have only Just recently returnod to work aftor boing on
strike many months. Evidently
the fight wus not settled when the
district mado the agreement with
tho employers, and local unions
sro having to still fight for a living
wage. The aid of lho organized
workers in the Blackstone light
will be much appreciated by the
officers and members of the local
and district organl-ations.
Building Penults
Oct. 6—1701 Cambie, Baynes &
Horn, gas station, (8500; 2751
Guelph, A. P. Crisp, dwelling,
431)00.
Oct. 7—328 Broadwar W., O. C.
Klllam, store, (2200.
Oct, 0—300 Pender west, Percy
De'altfn & Geden, alterations, $200;
2817 Tirumph, J. W. Falkner, dwelling, 13200; 821 Hornby, O. Sutherland, garage, 16500.
Oct. 10—2679 Napier, F. Smith,
dwelling, $2500; 1006—li'th Ave.
W.. Galloway & Sons, apartments,
$38,000; 665 Granville, A.,1). Snider
& Sons, store, $5000.
Oct. 11—505 Clinton N., A. V.
Lofting, dwelling, $2500.
Get your workmate to subscribe
for The Federatlonist.
The greatest asslstanco that the
renders of Tlio Federatlonist cod
render ns at this time. Is by securing a new subscriber. By doing bo
you spread the news of tlie work-
ins class movement nnil nssist ns
Shoes Are Quite
a Problem
'PHIS remark is frequently
**! mado nnd our desire is
tb help solve the problem.
AU we ask of our friends
when looking over our New
stork of Men's and Boys'
Ijenlhcr Shoes is, when you
see the price, note the
quality, and when you see
the quality, note the price.
It's all we ask.
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings,
! Hate, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
(Between 7th ud 8th Ararat!)
AT THE EMPRESS
As a follower to "Getting Gertie's Garter" now playing at the
Empress, "The Hottentot" will
show all members of the Associated
Players up to advantage and prove
a most suitable vehicle for the introduction of Mr, jj Anthony
Smythe, • who will make his flrst
Vancouver appearance as "Dick
Harrington." Miss Margaret Marriott Is nlso well cast and given
once again an opportunity to show
her versatility.
"Tho Hottentot," by the way,
hapehs to be a race horse; a race
horse, it may be added, who Is
considered the biggest success In
the world. But he has an all im
portnnt bearing on "one of the
greatest love stories that has been
written for the stage in many
moon.
With the growing crowds at the
Empress, an early reservation __
better still a season reservation Is
advisable.
"The Hottentot" will be present
ed with faithful attention to scenic
details all next week, and judging
by the ever-Increasing crowds at
the Empress an early reservation
fs advisable,
Empress
Bsitlms E.
Pho__ _•». 2492
WSSK COM. MONDAY.  OOT. 16
MARGARET MARRIOTT,
J. Antony smythe and Associated
Players
la WUlism Oollln'i Buiaf Com,dj
"THE HOTTENTOT"
Drugless
i.
Healing
Downie
Sanitarium Ltd.
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Cor, Hastings and Itl. hard.
Phones:
Sey. 603, High. 2134L
"LAID OFF"
Two Short Words, Bridging the Gulf Between
COMFORT and POVERTY
Rave you protected youritlf snd yoar fimlly agalnit such nn cmetgener,
with a SAVINGS ACCOU-HV-tbe most valuable A.aot a man can have for
the "IIAINT DAY."
We STRONGLY RKCOMMIND you to atari (uch an account IT ONOE,
at ono of our City Ilranchea.
HASTINOS and SEYMOUR ttu. B. Harmon, Hanafir
Oordova and Abbott Mala and 25th An, Mala anl Broadway
WHEHE YOU WILL BEOEIYE PBOHPT AND COUBTEOCS ATTENTION
Union Bank of Canada
P.S.—If yon an living ia * community not provi-lnd with Banking faclll*
tl«, address os IT null, and «• will be glad to guid* you In respect to
iffiwet fcy Uaa,"
White Flannelette
Nightgowns
At Popular Prices
V-NECK STYLE, with yoko baok end front, long
sleeves, colored stitching—fl.SO.
Slipov/r style, short sleeves with cuffs, pink bindings—^1.75.
V-neck, three-quarter length sleeves, small pockets,
check bindings and colored  stitching to  finish--
-$1.95.
Also other styles at 'from $1.50 to 33.50.
Women's Flannelette Pyjamas
Two-piece style, in bine, pink o» "-Mte, trimmed with
white silk braid and frogs—$4.50.
Two-piece style, in butterfly design; mauve, blu.-or
pink at $5.50.
Two-piece style, striped design, in wanted colors,
trimmed with silk braid and frogs—$5.50.
—Dry-da le'8 Underwear Shop, Second Floor.
umrte
Store opens at I a.m., and closes at I p.m.
575 OranviUe Street
New Fabrics
ABB FASCINATING.
There are hew weaves and
new weaves, und old weaves
in new 'versions, and the
result is one that makes the
buying: at the Famous of
Autumn olothes delightful.
Famous *.«»£'
623 HASTINOS ST.. Near OranvUle
BE SORE VOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN YOU ASK FOR
-CIDER-
and Non-alcoholic wines of all
kinds
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION
COAL
YAI.E BOOTLESS
AND
NANAIMO
Klmlllng Freo
CANADIAN WOOD AND
OOAL OOMPANY
1440 GRANVILLE  Sex. 5200
Mainland
Cigar Store
SIO GARRALIi STREET
THE PLACE FOB PIPES
Sting up IMioiM- Seymour 2554
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1160  Giorfla  MrMt
Bandar services. 11 un, tad t.30 p.o.
Sunday icbool Immediately followlni
morning aeriioe. Wednesday testimonial
meeting  _t '—     ■-—    - -"--   	
001-8
Birfeg   Bide.
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count M
much—cal) up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
SSS KINGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Pbone Fairmont U
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Place to Eat"
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
A FRIEND told tha other day how
he almost lost tt food nurse. Tho
girl wsa excellent in her position, bat
when Bhe Answered tht telephono she
spoko Into It ai if iho wu standing
on the baek step shouting scroll loll.
It wai pointed ont to her that tho
telephone was a very res.por.ilve instrument and all that wss neceuary
was to speak in aa ordlnarjr .ton* of
voice.
"I guess I know how to answer th*
telephone," she replied with a littlo
heat. And It took a couplo ot hoan
to pacify her. „
How do yoa answer tho telephone?
S. 0. TELEPHONE OO.
Ask for
BRITANNIA
BEER
"It Can't Be Beat"«
FOR SALE AT GOVERNMENT STORES
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reas6nable
prices, * <•
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS, STHREOTYPERS
AND BOOKBINDERS
Phones:  Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490 *•
1129 HOWE ST., VANCOUVER, B. C. October IS, 1921
ou will laugh at
mr own tears
Thinking about''that dentil, work. Tou
realize how nocesdary it is—how muoh ft will
increase your happiness and health.
And rjght at this point you get the idea
that it is going to hurt.
I am going to provo that it won't hurt—thft
my methods mean no pain whatever. Just
call at my office (Soy. 3331 for appointmoht)
and I will diagnose yoUr tooth troubles, as
well as explain those methods which will
make the work quite painless.   ,, ,
The high-class dentist with the
economical prices
fourteenth tear. no. s« BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. g
■"I.!!  .nil' v ■■'
PAGE THREE
Lumber Workers
News and VieWs
_.
Britain's Death Struggle %
With the United States
liTJM-
- . omplrl-'
tal service
tdern;dental
with mod-
equipment,
•rn facilities,
irn methods,
.rale my own
ratorj'    an'd
ide  complete
• icrvlce.
Dr. Brett Anderson
EXPRESSION DUKTIST
602 Hastings Street West
Bank or Nora Scotia Building
Phone Seymour 3331
Bit ETT ANDERSON, formerly i niber of tho Faculty of thtt
ege of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer oa
wn aud Bridgework, Demonstrator In Plate-work and Oporatlr*
tlslry, Locnl and General Anaesthesia..
incouver Unions
]
VER TRADES AHD LABOR
—l'rf.til-iit, R. H. Naelands,
teneral accr-tary, Percy R. Ben-
mee: 308, 819 fandor St. W.
y 7495. Meet, in Labor Hall at
n tha Int ud third Tueidaj.
PRINTUIO
acta second
Preildent,   J.
TRADES COUJ.
Monday in taa
R. White;   secre-
H. Moelands, P. 0. Box_egi_
SALESMEN,   LOCAL   371—
second Thursday every month,
ler St. W. President, J. Bright,
nancial secretary. Hi A. Dowroa,
irna St; ' 	
;"Y_n__   BARBERS'    INTERNA-
Union  ol  Anielict-Local   1-0.
r B C, meets second and lourth
. in each month in Hoom -13, 319
Street West.    President,   0.   E.
71 Hastlnia St. E. Hoorottw,
hi, 320 Cambie St. Shop phone,
i_. Residence phone, Dong.-171R,
IATI0NAL DROTHERHOOD OF
mailers, Iron-'Shiphuilders and
ol Amorica, Local 191—^Meetings
1 third Mondaya in eseh month,
t, P. Willis: eecretary, A. Prase*.
Room 308—319 Pendor St; W.
.jrs, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 5 p.m.
Sayehb AND BASON S-ll »»
bricklayers or masons tor boiler
etc.,   or   marble  aatters,   pbone
era' Union. Label Temple.	
i BROTHERHOOD OP CAR'S and Joiners, Local _52—Pros.
,m. Dunn; recording socretary.
Si; buslnesi agont, Ooo. H. Hardy.
Room 304, 818 Pender St. W.
ootid and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,
319 Pendor St. W,
Patronize   Fed   Aa-.-trtlr.tff.
EMPLOYEES' UNIOK—Moots
ind third Pridaya in each month,
Cordova Bt. W. President, J.
8405 Pender M. E.; Secrolary-
Ooo. Harrison, 1335 Woodland
AND RESTAURANT Employeea
i, Local 28—*41 Seymour Street,
rat and third Wednesdaya at 2.30
■eond and lourth Wednesdays at
•hreeutlve board meets every
. at 8 p.m. Preaident W. Colmar.
agent, A. Graham.   Phono Sey.
H WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
"     OP     CANADA-An     Infae-
nlon ot all-workers In log-
id conatru-tlan camps. Coast Dis.
id Oeneral Headouarters, 61 Oar-
W., Vaneonver. B. 0. Phone Sey.
J. II. Clarke, general secrolary
.r; legal advisers, Measre. Biro,
all » Oo, Vanconver, B. 0.1 audi-
earn. B-ttar * CUene. Vancou-
lifiSTS    LOCAL    892—President,
>»»_on; secretary, R. Hirst; busl-
i P. R. Bengough.   Office:  809,
ndcr St. W.    Moets In Room 3,
idor St. W., on second and lourth
in month.
SLATER'S
Week-end Specials
FUEl.   DEMVirilV   all   over
Vancouver. Sonth Vancouver,
Colllngwood, Point Grey,
Kerrlsdale
133 Hastlnga St. IB.   Sey. 3202
1191  Granville St.......Sey. 6M_
(Cor. Davie and Granville,
on Granville)
32C0 Main St l*h. Pair. 108S
830 GlUnvillc  Pit. Sey. 860
MAIL OHDHRS AT
crrv PHICES
POKK       PORK       PORK
Our Famous Pork Shouldora, 4
to 8 lba. each,
per lb	
Nothing finer for roasting.
VEAIi      VEAL      VEAIi
Choice Meaty Cuts    of   Prima
Veal from,
per lb	
18k
18c
NI8T8 LOCAL 182—President,
leorge; secretary, J. G. Keefo;
1 airent, P. R. Beiigoiish. Office:
9 Pender St. W. Meets In Room
9 Pender St. W. on flrst and third
ys In month,
ERHOOD OP PAINTKRS, DEOO-
i and Papernangers of America.
138. VancoBVei-— Meets 2nd AnO
undaya ai 148 Cordova St. W.
Boy. 8491.   Boainess agent, R. A.
.RIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARK and
Builders, Locnl No. 2404—Meets
.r Hall, 319 Pender St. W., every
d 4th Friday at 8 p.m. Jns. Thomp-
Tiancial Secretary.
"union op thk pacific,
Cordova St. W., P* 0. Box 571.
Sey ' 8703. Meetings every Won*
j nj.^p^IocVaday.BnsineH^ffOnt
■xXteiThkaparers union OF
1—Formerly Flremr-n and Oilers
of British Columbia—Meeting
first Tuosday ond third Friday of
onth at 318 Cordova W. Presldi-nt.
vice-proKideht, R. Morgan;
.rytreasurer, W. Donaldson. Ad-
313 Cordova St. W., Vancouver,
Victoria Branch Agent's address. W.
507 Johnson St.. Victor ia,_B.C.
Choico Pot Roasts from, per
Ib 10c
Choice   Oven   Roasta   from,
per lb l__V3c
Prime   Boiling   Beef   from,
per lb 8c
Prime  Boneless Stew   Beof,
2 lbs. for  25c
SOME  COMMENTS   FOR
BER,.WORKERS
Being conversant with this
Crow's Nest country, and the game
of the lumber barons, I would suggest that the following be givon a
little attention by the lumber
Workers in the Cranbrook District,
as it is very vital to their interest!
aa. well as to the workers east and
/West of us.
The only work that the lumber
barons of Ontario are hiring men
In this part of the country for is
to make the workert here believo
that there ia lots of work In the
eastern provinces. Just let us stop
and think.   If there was any scarc-
Iity of men in that part of the
Eaat, they why are they offering
the "enormous" wages that they
are putting on the boards at the
government slave market In Cranbrook, $30.00 to $35.00 -Der month
and board. The same applies to
the Cranbrook-district. The lumber barons have an order in Vancouver for men for the camps in
the Crow's Nest Pass. Do not let
ua be blind to the fact that there
Is going to be lots of unemployment
this winter, nnd the reason for this
shuffling of the workera from here
to the East and from Vancouver to
here 13 only bluff.-and to.make the
workers travel around. The chances
are that you will work for from
U2.00 to $18.00 per month this
winter, if you aro not on the bread
line. There is only one cure for
the state of affairs that exists here,
and that is by organizing in a union
of your clasa and usiue your labor
power, which is the on»W thing that
a worker has to sell.
How long are we going to wait
before we take some action toward establishing the eight-hour
day in the lumber comps In this
district?, In the minea. on the
government road, tftft loggers on
the Coast and across the line, (all
have lhe eight-hour dav, but 'up
here in tho Crow's NeBb -we are
working ten and twelve, yes In
some cases, fourteen hours a day.
It certainly loolca bad for us Canadian workera to be so much cheaper than our brothers across the
line, and the masters sure know R.
They are going^to move all their
shingle mills over hero -where they
can got white lnbor cheaper than
they can hire Oriental labor on the
other side. How much longor are
you going to allow tbo- lumber
kings to lower vour Mundard of
living, and lengthen your hours of
toll. *Wake up and «* into the
fight, tuke an active part in the
work of your organization, see that
your living conditions are Improved, get tho eight-hour day, and
do away with packing your blankets.   Let us establish a standard for
Choice
Meuty Cutg of -Lamb
from
..25c
Choice Lamb Legs, lb. .
..35o
Choice Lamb Loins, lb.
..30c
Choice
Lamb Stew,    2
lbs.,
for
..25c
[By J. T. Walton Newbold, Lon&on]
AN incident occurred the other
** day at the port of N«wc*_rtle-on-
Tyne in connection with the American consulate there whloh, whilst
it may be smoothed over for a time,
is a sure index that the relation*
between the great capitalist trusts
of Britain and..the United* States
are steadily pushing the two mighty
empires to war. Trie British government protested,-without success,
to the American government
against the alleged action of one ef
Its consuls In making the granting
of a visa to a passport, or at any
rate, the hastening of thla, conditional on booking a passage to the
States In an American owned ship.
The American government has answered the protest by saying It does
not consider that its consul has acted irregularly and has declined to
discipline him. The Britiah government has therefore closed the
consulate. It Is only a straw, but
it shows the way the wind Is blowing. A few Incidents of this kind
and we shall soon have the American capitalist press working up a
war to defend the honor of "Old
Glory,4* and to atop the British Hon
tweaking tall feathers out of the
American eagle.
The British capitalist press and
the British shipowners have been
very angry In their criticisms of
the SMppidg Subsidy Bill which
was recently introduced into the
United States Congress, and In sup
port of which President Harding
himself came to make an impassioned speech. There la much talk
of retaliation and of the British
government using powers under ex-
sting but now dormant laws to subsidize or otherwise assist Britiah
shipping. Nineteen years ago,
when Pierpont Morgan borght up
a-number of British shipping companies, the British government
loaned £3,000,000 to the great Cunard Steamship Company to enable
It, more easily to meet American
compo-itlon. The year following,
the greatest shipping company trading to South America had an alteration made in the Royal charter,
undor which it operates, laying it
down that the directors and the
capital were to remain British.
Thus the British government assisted two British trans-Atlantic
shipping companies to resist the
competition of lines owned and assisted liy American finance capital.
. Just before entering the war, the
Unltod States government sot up
the United States Shipping Board,
and, in conjunction with the American International Corporation,
(a financial institution established
NATIONAL UNION STEAM AND
tiling Engineers, Local 844, moets
Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 807
Temnle. Secretary-Treasurer, N.
Ditt Hornby St. Phono Hey. 7043R.
inn Secretnry, W. Chandler, 1631
North Van con ver.
KT
AND KLKCTHIC RAILWAY
I'loyees. Plonoer Dlvihion, No. 101
,it K, P. Hall, BUi nnd Kinsaway,
fd Itrd Mondays ot 10:15 n.m. nnd 7
►resident. F. A. hoover, 2*100 Clarke
( iwiir din fr-sccr.'tnry, P. E. Gilffit),
(itl, Avonuo Enst; irensuror, \, P.
im ; flnnncin!-secretnry nnd imsi-
ngent, W. H. Cottrell, UOB Duin-
Ntrei't; offlco, corner Prior anil Main
Phono Fnir. ,i601R.	
PHOVISIONS
Slater's      Famous      Breakfast
Streaky Bacon; half or wholo
slabs; per
lb.	
Swift's Picnic Hams,
from, per lb	
35k
191c
B. C. Storage Bggs, doz...40c
B. C. tfrcah Pullet Bggs, per
dozen  -tOc ■
Swift's Boneless Cottage Itolls;-
no bone, no shin, no waste, all
meat; special,
per lb	
29ic
IJU'n'J-.It BUTTEK BUTTKH
Fine Alberta Creamory Butter, 3 lba.
for	
$1.15
The Finest Alberta Creamery Buttor,
3 lbs	
$1.25
;M-VMKN t'AILOKS' UNION O?
Uriel*. Local No. 178—Meetings held
Mnnclny in ench month. 8 p.m. Pres*
A. R. Gntenby; vice-president, Mra.
recording secretnry, C. McDonald,
Box 503; flnnncial secretary, P.
ish. P. O. Box 508.	
MX>UIl SPECIAL
Ogilvle's Finest Royal Household Flour, the finest in
'Canada; regular $2.25.
Friday and Saturday
Bpeclal, 49
lbs. for 	
$1.85
effected i|!.waj(ga will appear "Insignificant" If th'ey have to pay the
increased prices for the^raw material that they anticipate. Besides, the Guaranty Trust Company and. Brown Brothers, the
chief houaee to finance the transfer of the- ootton crop, ara not in a
mood to be generous to the advantage of Manchester and to the detriment of New England and Carolina mill-owner*.
Moreover, the United States Supreme Court haa recently annulled,
■ia being a measure "In restraint of
.rade" and contrary to the constitution, the law to suppress the hor-
lible exploitation of child labor by
means of which the Democratic
South Ib bu.i.iir; up its mill Industry. Already, British exports of
cotton yarn, have fallen from 310,<
000,000 lbs. in-191) to 146,000,000
lba. in 1921, and of cotton piece
goodi from 7,1175,000,000 yarda in
1919 to 8.903,000,000 yards in 1921.
That la the writing on the walls of
tha Manchester and Liverpool Cot*
ton Exchanges. That spells ruin
if it continues, not only for Lancashire but for,the banks of Britain,
Lancashire has, for a century, been
a fountain from which a flood of
profits, wide, deep and torrential,
haa swept out to all the waiting
channels of world Investment. Now,
this fountain threatens to run slow,
to run shallow, to run dry.
Shipping, shipbuilding, ateel and
coal, no longer yield the .profitable
surplus from which to replenish the
coffers of .British capitalism. If
cotton fail's them, then the, British
bourgeoisie might as well "put up
the shutters."
But the proud Inheritors of the
great traditions of classic capitalism, the sons and grandsons of the
men of Manchester, Glasgow, liver-
pool, Leeds, Birmingham and London, who \vere the grand architects
of British industrial capitalism; the
magnates whose directorships read
like a compendium of world geography and iof the economy of all
trades; 't'ho industrial captains,
merchant' princes, and* rulers of
subject races in a far-flung Empire
whereon the sun never sets," will
never "put up the shutters" or yield
up thevdominion without one, last,
terrible struggle. That struggle-
war between Britain and America
—cannot long be delayed. Already
thev are fixing the stakes and discussing the spoils of battle.
Ve proved hejroM $vm\, Vor
10Q miles "nearly every village was
burned" by \bo Oreek troops without provocation. Prisoners had
their eyes bIaK** out "while they
Were still alive" (page 105).
Do not, gentlemen of the.' press,
in tne coming daya, tntfblt your
readers with the Christian Greek
versus the Bloody Turk propaganda. Tell them why tha Britlah
armies went to Mesopotamia, wh\
Mr. Churchill carved out Irak from
Turkoy, why we finance and sufcd-
dlze Arab chiefs, why we found
munitions for the Greeks and
egged them on to their Anatolian
expedition. Tell your readora about
Sir Basil Zurahoff and whence Sli
Marcus Samuel and his friends
drag their dividends.
For once in a century tell the
truth about the causes of a war—
and see how long your precious wai
lasts. T. J.  '
Stinnes Bigger
Power Than Gov't.
(Continued from page l)
---   ■-- ..by the industrial capitalists of Am-
the  workers in  this part of thjr erica and presided over by Frank
country
AVhy are so many of you afraid
to carry the "rigging"? Is it because you are afraid of your Job,
or is it that you want to work !2
hours a day in ordor to make inure
profits for the boss and low«r
your own standard of living. Thore
in only one way for the workers
in any industry to better thoir lot
and that is by organizing, and using
tbelr organized power to take what
they want. All the millions that
the master class may have will tint
give' them anything to eat except
they can purchase you to produce
the necessaries of life for them.:
When thc workers refuse to work
for them they will starve. Let us
aell ourselves as dearly as possible,
let us see that we get all the wages
It Is possible for us t6 get until we
are strong enough organized to
take over the machinery of production, and throw the parasites
off our back.
Wanted, in th© Cranbrook district, one hundred men tb take out
credentials and help organize their
fellow workers on the job, and send
ln to the office for literature. Beforo going out to camp call, tn ut
the ntilco aud take out some rend-
liiif matter with you. Organized,
w.* aro bound to win, so let's go.
K2.
Thla Is the Weather, for Soup
Finest  Pearl  Barley,   3   lbs.
for _.^r.r....:. 25c
B. C. Small White Beans. 3
lbs. for 26c
Choice Split Peas, 3 lbs...25c
White  Sago,   3   lbs 25c
APPLES   APIJLES   APPLES
Mcintosh Bed
Apples, box .
ALL AT
$1.25
Slaters 4 Stores
with freo delivery
Chinamen Won't Scab on Fellow
Tho Chinese coolie hns far more
brains—more discernment — than
many (enlightened) Americans can
boast.
No Chinaman can be hired, nor
coaxed,  nor driven to  "scab"
another Chinaman.
The Chinaman (not the American) knows the "scabbing" helps
tho employer impose worse conditions and lower wages.
That is why a Chinese worker
will not "scab" on his own countryman.
Alas' and alack. Don't you wish
that all Americans who "scab" on
their fellows were suddenly elevated to the Intelligent stature of a
Chinese coolie ? — Seattlo Union
Record.
British Labor Paper
"Makes Caustic Comment
6n Eastern Question
(Qominiied from w.ee 1)
IKTY FOR TECHNICAL   AID   TO
)vii't HtiBsio, Vancouver brnncb, meots
and  third   Suiulnys each month,  2
Ht 61 Cordova St. W.   For infonna-
write to branch aeeretary, S.T.A.S.R.,
,'ordova St- W„ Vancouver, B. C. __
'OORAPHTCAL   UNION   No.   226—
esident, Wm. Skinner; vice-president,
.'ier;   socretary-trciiHunT,    R.    H.
f^'fA.    P.  O.  Box. 66.    Moots   last
',*:■ of each month nt 2 n.m.
lon—The 19th annual report
1 .^'./Porkers Educational Asso-
'.J&eJshows that In spite of set-
ii]J;'the work is growing. In
n there aro 355 branches as
,,lh!_t 277 in 1920, while lndlvl-
il members havo increased from
<na in 1920 to 26,000 in 1922. In
,Jon to study in connection with
.sses, Sir William Beverldgo, di-
Hor, school of economics, has ar-
nged for selected students to at-
id the ordinary university lec-
'Patronlze Fed.. advertisers.
-ORPHEUM-
OOHMENOINO   MONDAY.   OCT.   18
JOHN HYAMS 4 LELIA McINTYSE
MONSIEUR ADOLPHUS
MB. LEO BEERS
JAPK NORTON & 00.
JACK OEORGE DUO
NOVELTY CLINTONS
- Y, and E. STANTON        _
MgMi, 25C-I1 Mat!., IBe-Me
Twin Daily. 3:30 anl 8:20
DANCING
Every Mou., Wed. and Sat, Evening!
THE NEW ALEXANDRA
DANCING PAVILION
BOJ HORNBY ST. Opp* Oo»rt Honse
St. Louis—Forty per cent, of the
city's $2,000,000 puving construction programmo-for this year is being held up because the railroads
are unable to furnish rolling stock
to bring sand and gravel to the city
from Meramec river. Auto trucks
cannot be used bocause of the condition of the roads.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funerul Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Flunts, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings St. B. 2—STORES—2 605 Oranvllle St.
Sey. 088-072 "SAY IT AV1TII FJjOWERS"       Sey. 9513-1391
Orpheum
"We don't care, wc aro placed on
the bill," say Val and Ernie Stanton, jolly comedians. "We joyfully
open shows and happily closo thom,
We'd Just as soon dress in the
smallest and most remote dressing-
room in the theatre, as any other.
In fact, vio enjoy the exercise entailed in climbing the stairs."
"If all the propB we need have
not been provided, we cheerily go
out after them, and bring them to
the theatro ourselves. We agree
with every actor on the bill that he
ls a far better entertainer than
either of us, and \ghen the orchestra doesnt* play our music exactly
right, wo speak gently to the leader
and request another rehearsal. The
stago crew .can make all tho noise
they desiro lh setting tho scene for
the act that is to follow us; and if
the audience doesn't feel Inclined
to applaud our efforts vigorously,
wo do not retire with an Idea that
they are-not intelligent enough to
appreciate our art.
"Neithor of us over owned a diamond ln our lives, and hence, wo
nover had an opportunity to have
one stolen from us. If the manager doesn't featuro our name In advertising matter, we novor take
exception to his Judgment. We
nre not overcome with modesty.
We are merely ln the business for
the money there"* is in it, and aro
glad of the splendid opportunity lt
gives us to make a comfortablo living."
Vanderlip), it initiated a gigantic
shipbuilding programme. Then, it
followed this up with the United
States Emergency Fleet Corpora
tion, formed to operate the new
boats. By one means or another
the American government built and
put at the disposal of the Americnn
export trade, a gigantic shipping
fleet of about 13,500,090 tons. This
fleet has'becn described as a monu
ment of the wastefulness and in
efficiency of state ownership and
management. It has beon run at
an enormous Iobs. It seems, howevor, that the Shipping Board has
hired out the services of its ships to
American exporters in the China
trade at charter rates and freight
charges with which the British
lines could not compete. It was
used and there Is talk of It again
being used in such n way as to on-
able the American conl exporters
to undersell their British rivals in
European and South American
markets. It is very largely the
competition of this enormous American shipping fleet which has
knocked the * hottom out of the
market for ships. There are 11,-
000,000 tons too many ships Just
now. Tho greatest of all the shipbuilding companies in the world,
Harland & Wolff Ltd., with six huge
yards at Belfast and on the Clyde,
which used to build the biggest
ships that steam the seas, has now
to be content with orders for two
ferry boats costing each £1500 and
weighing approximately 150 tons
euch. The yearly possible output
of all tho British and Irish shipyards is, more than 3.000,000 tons.
In the first six months of this year,
new orders did not total 90,000
tons.
Researches I have made, enable
me to say with absoluto assurance
that most of the big shipyards of
Britain and Ireland are owned by
the shipping companies, and thnt
two-flfths of tho British steel output is, normally, used In the shipynrds and many of the great steol
works owned by shipbuilding companies. Hence, huving forced the
price of ships down from £30 to
about £7 a ton, haying spoiled utterly the freight markets, and having driven the Hritish shlpbiuldlng
trade to tho brink of ruin, the Americans have achieved a tremendous
victory. They have devastated three
great British industries—shipping,
shipbuilding and steel manufacture]
Now, these are just tho Industries
upon which thc soa power, 1. e„ ihe
naval superiority of Britain has
been reared.
Right oh the top of this, tho American government, able as it_is to
draw upon enormous sources of
taxation and of loan issues, decides
to subsidize American shipping
more fully and more directly than
hitherto. It is turning the operation nnd ownership of the State-
built and State-supported merchant
fleet over to private interests, main*
ly those of the Harrlmans, who already have established connection
with the technically efficient but
financially handicapped German
trans-Atlantic shipping companies
and who, also, nre predominant ln
the ownership and direction of the
great transcontinental railways of
tho United States. If American
capitalism can lower the wages and
increase the productivity of the
American miners and railroad operators, then lt will be ready for the
terrific and overwhelming barrage
of cheap commodity production,
for export with which to complete
the destruction of the financial
power of the city of London.
The one remaining source of British capitalist money powor is tho
cotton Industry. Just when Gandhi's campaign In India has been
Mown sky high and the Indian and
Eastern trade looked like recovering, tho cotton boll weevil got busier
than ovor oatlng up tho supply and
increasing tho cost of the raw cotton of America. Lancashire cotton
buyers are in a terrible stato of anxiety, for the economies they hav«
the next weo/c it hnd swung round
to the heroic mountaineers and
"Gallant Little Sorbin"; we remember, itoo, the great Hyde Park
demonstration against war with
the Hyndmans, the Cunningham-
Or-Ownw.' and the Labour Party
leaders—and how theso orators
wero on the "Anti-Hun" stump the
succeeding Sunday. -°llt "P to
dnte the new war for the-Chrlstinn
CrosB against the Moslem Crescent
has had a bad. Press, and the flrst
blood of Smyrna atrocity stories to
be re'eused for the Britlah market
fell "dud" and carried no conviction. The recognized practitioners
In the art (who operated under
Lord Northcliffe) and had offices
In Baltic' towns during the last
war, have not, so far, been in evidence; and what with Lord Roth-
ermere directing the Dally Mnil
and the Daily Record to shout
"Stop the. New War," there Is going to be considerable difficulty In
securing the national lunacy necessary for the building of a new
temple of skulls.
One or two worthies have begun
timidly with a laudation of ancient
Greece—Socrates,    Plato,    Sparta,
and they'break into Byronlc verse:
"The Isles of Greece, the isles
" of Greece,
Where burning Sappho   loved
and  sung,
"Where1 grew tho arts of war
and peace,
Where Delos rose and Phoebus
' sprung."
But Iti doos not catch on. The
catspaws for tlie ^1\'*i pec cent.
Shell Oil, dividends are not cast in
the "heroic mould. The "Gallant
tittle Greece" cock will not flght
In Britain today.
Our Christian Allies—The Greeks
But ■ are   not   thc    Greeks   the
Christians, and the Turks tho Barbarians? .
Let ns turn to the nuthoritative
report of the International Com
mission which investigated tho
causes and tlie conduct of tho Bul-
kan wnrs (Carnegie .Endowment
for International Peace. Washington, 1014). Six nations were rep-
resented en thnt Commission—tin
Professor or Public Law ut Vienna
University, a Senator of France,
Professor Schuklng of Germany.
Mr. Brallsfnrd and Mr. Hirst, the
Editor of the Economist, Professor
Mlluoukov ofijEtussla, and Dr. Dit-
ton  of Columbia University  being
of reconstruction In northern
Franoe must be approved by Stlnnes* Hoch-und Tfefbau Gesellschaft. The concerns In which
Stlnnes has a controlling'interest
will get the preference In awarding
the contracts. Thus, besides making the 6 per cent, rakeoff, the Stlnnes concerns will handle orden to
tailing billions of marka.
Another section of the agreement
permits the retention of a certain
portion of German reparations coal
(that would otherwise hove to he
shipped to France) for speeding up
industries concerned with materials for restoration. The distribution of this coal, one of the most
precious things in Germany, today,
is specifically left to Stinnes.
The agreement specifies that all
prices for materials shall bo figured ln francs rather than In dollars.
Experience has shown that this always means higher prices than
when things are figured In marks,
and that this leads to violent speculation, to further depreciation of
tho mark, and to new misery for
the workers whose wages are never
raised as fast as prices Jump.
Politically this agreement means
that Stlnnes practically- has the
German government In his pocket.
Stinnes will becomo the sheriff or
constable for the Allies. It will be
up to him to collect the reparation
sums involved, including the profits of his concerns and the fi per
cent, commission, from a bankrupt
German treasury. It is predicted
that, whon Germany cannot pay,
Stlnnes will take ovey the railroads,
telephone, telegruph and postal services and run them under private
ownership.
About the -only thing that the
workers can do about the matter,
in the opinion of Vice-President
Grassmann, German Federation of
Labor, who Is usually the spokesman of the federation in matters
of International policy, is to see to
it that union conditions are observed in connection with the .work,
"The whole thing was as much of a
surprise to us," said Grassmann,
"ns it was to the government. The
agreement has been signed and
sealed and we have nothing tp say
about, it. But we can watch the
terms under which It is carried
out."
THE FAMOUS
Astoria Shoes
for Men
We have just received a new Fall shipment of
this well known make of footwear. Theyare
tho favorite shoes for men who demand style
plus service and comfort. Made in rich dark
mahogany shade, in tan Russian calf, black calf,
and black kid; suitable for either Buainess or
Dress wear; in all sizes, and widths A to EE,
and attractively priced at—
$9 to $10.50
—In our.Spectalty Boot Shop.  Direct entrance on OranvUlt St
Hudson's Bay Company
Detroit—Large crowds have attended \he flrst two evenings of thla
season of the Proletarian Forum
here, addressed by Dennis E. Batt,
on Russia, "Shall We Worship or
Study It?" and by Prof. Orland O.
Norrls, Michigan State Normal Col-
lege, Ypsliantl.
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48J4 CORDOVA EAST
Everything Modem
Rates _
Seattle—David Burgess will be
the Socialist-Labor candidate for
United States Senate, the party nominating convention here has decided. Burgess was recontly nominnted for superintendent of
streets and_sewers of this city by
Mayor B. J. Brown, but the council
refused to confirm tho appointment.
among Iho commissioners. This
compiisslon reproduces among
other horrible things, a brutal
Greek warpostor where a patriotic-
Greek Midler is shewn biting his
enemy's cheek.
Another Greek Wnr Poster
shows a Greek soldier gouging out
an enemy's eyes, and there is a
mass of sickening testimony to the
fact that the Greeks began the
atrocities 6f thafhollish outbreak
of savagery (Page 97 et scq). A
particular squadron of Greek co*-
alrjH page'101)
"were slaughtering  Bulgarian
peasants and  spared   neither
women nor children."
Of another Greek army we read
(page 102) "towards evening, that
soldiers forcod their way Into the
houses and began to violate tho
women.''
Again, the village of Kutush
"submitted from y»o firBt"; but It
was "sicked and burned"; "tho
Greek troops gave themselves up
openly and generally to a dobauch
of lust,; "many of the peasants
wore killed wantonly and without
provocation,"
"Wherever pie peasants ventured to await the arrival of the
Greek troops ln the villages, they
had the same experience. Thr
village was sacked and tho women wero violated boforo It was
burned, and non-combatants
woro wantonly butchered, sometimes, in twos or threes, sometimes In larger numbers."
Flogging, torturing, violation, all
Brink's
Meat
Market
152 Hastings
West
To test the value of an
ad. in this paper we
are offering an extra
special to readers of
this paper only.
THE "ORIGINAL"
HARVEY LOGGING BOOTS
HAND MADE BOOTS for
WOOERS, MINERS, CRUISERS AMD PROSPECTORS
SEW DOWNS A SPECIALTY
Eatabllshed ln Vancouvtr line* 1111
H. HARVEY
Phone Sey. 8634—58 OORDOVA ST. W.—Vmoonyer, B.O.
Good Allic.ta Creamery
Butter, wilh any meat
order, 3 lbs $1.05
Provided that a copy o£
the ad. is presented with
order for butter. Tliis
special is good all day
Saturday, Oct. 14.
EARLY MORNING
SPECIALS
7 a.m. to 10 a.m.
Rump Roasts—8oo*d beef,
all cuts, lb 12»/2o
Round Steals, lb 12»/j0
ROASTS-
Sirloin Tip Roasts, lb..l6c
Rolled T-Bonc Roasts, per
lb 20c
ALL-DAY PRICES
Choice Boiling Beef, por
lb 8o
Pot Roasts, lb 8o
PORK SPECIAL
Pork Stealts, with other
meat orders; reg. 25c lb.,
special, lb 20c
Pork Roasts, almost boneless, whilo they last,
lb   20c
THE FED-RMS.
IS THE
Best Advertising Medium
to Secure Working-
class Trade
Rut the merchants do not know
this because the workers do not tell
them thc truth as to thc situation.
Why not inform the merchant
you deal with that you do so because HE ADVERTISES IN THE
FEDERATIONIST.
Organize Your
Purchasing Power
YOU CAN SUPPORT THE FEDERATIONIST
BY REFUSING TO DEAL WITH A
MERCHANT   WHO   DOES   NOT
ADVERTISE IN ITS COLUMNS PAGE FQUR
FOURTEENTH T-__,H.   NO. 16   gRlTISH   COLOMBIA  FEDERATIONIST   VANCOBVIIR.
aa
FRIDAY.   October IS,.
Saturday $
Specials
Men's dark brown   Dress   Shoes,
made in two shapes, a broad toe
and a scmi-reccdc toe.  These shoes arc all solid leather,
and will be on at this price for one day
only.   Saturday price	
$5.00
Another line of Black Chrome wet weather work boots,
with plain toes, at the same
price
$5.00
Three lines of ladies' Brown Calfskin Oxfords,
are smart models with welted soles.   You
save $2.50 on each pair at	
These
$5.00
Blake it a point to bring your repairing
down town with yon. We will do it while
you do your other shopping.
PIERRE PARIS
51
Hastings West
You Owe It to Yourself to
Keep Healthy
Teet the Chiropractic way. It
will pay you and prevent suffering.
The Chiropractor gives you a
careful physical analysis; he
corrects thc "cause" of your
disability and this allows your
body to function nature's way.
It is a simple, harmless, but
effective treatment for human
ailment; a process of absolute correction.
Remove the cause.  This can only bc done by the
Chiropractic method.
Dr. WALTER STURDY
OFFICES: 312,3,4,5 DOMINION BUILDING
Telephone Seymour 2088 for Appointment
Lady In Attendance
Big Whist Drive
and Dance
ALEXANDRA PAVILION
Corner of Hornby and RoIiboii Streets
Friday, October 20
Under the Auspices of the Label League of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
Whist, 8:15 p.m. :: Dancing, 9 to 12
Admission:   Ladies, 25c; Oents, 50c
Buffet Supper, 15c
OOOD MUSIO-FIVE-PIECE ORCHESTRA
TheHe dancca are held for the purpose of e-hicutinsr the workers to demand thc union label on all purchases. The building
trades are partlciputing fu thin month's dance, profits to go to
the Trades Council building fund.
The secret of
good beer lies
in purity—
That's why Cascade Boer has for 35 years
bcen British Columbia's favorite health
beverage. No expense has bcen spared to
ensure purity. It hag cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has bcen worth it.
Insist Upon
Cascade
PITERS ADOPT [
I
Big Issue Before Recent
Convention Was
Amalgamation
Demand Made for Release of All Class War
Prisoners
[By Al Smith, in the Labor Herald]
The convention of the Intema-
natlonal Union, held at Atlantic
City during the week of September
11-15, was one of the most constructive ln many years and A number of progressive measures were
adopted. But the strange paradox
of the proceedings was that the
Wahnetas, or so-called reactionary
elements, led by Jim Lynch, were
behind this progressive legislation
generally, and the so-called progressive minority were against lt.
One of the big issues of the convention was amalgamation, which
the Typographical Union Ib fathering in the printing Industry, It
fared quite well in tho convention,
arid took several forward steps, although the general proposition did
not come to a direct vote. The
three propositions received were referred to the executive council tor
action. Several delegates spoke
for amalgamation of all the printing trades «nd not one came out
boldly and directly against It. Some
thought, however, that It was Impractical at this time but favored
lt later. The speeches indorsing
amalgamation were very, effective,
and undoubtedly Impressed tbe delegates. There is no doubt that if
the question had come to a direct
vote lt would have been overwhelmingly adopted by the oonvention.
Laws were passed by the convention regarding the Mailers, which
amount to clearing the ground for
the absorption of the other printing trades into one general organization.
Other legislation passed was the
five-day work week in times of unemployment; the removal of the
law which calls for the expulsion of
o,ny member convicted under the
Espionage Act; a resolution demanding the release of all class-
war prisoners; a resolution to have
I. T. U, represented at the political
conference to be hold ln Chicago in
December to consider thc question
of forming an Independent Lnbor
Party; the nullification of tho Denver decision, which gave shop foremen too much power; the granting
of strike sanction by a majority
vote of the executive council instead of by unanimous consent as
heretofore, and various other progressive propositions.
It was the decision of the con
ventlon to prosecute the present 44-
hour flght to a successful conclusion, even lf the prevailing 5 per
cent, assessment has to be raised
to 10 per cont. or even more. There
was not a note sounded against
continuing the strike, and all felt
sure of ultimate victory.
A handful of radicals dominated
the convention from the first day to
rhe lust. .11 in Lynch was the only
one of the reactionary elements
that had any ability as a floorman.
Thus the radicals were able to do
a great deul of educational work,
and undoubtedly left a lasting Impression on the minds of many of
the delegates. The convention in>
dfcated clearly that the future Is
bright for progress and radical propaganda in the printing trades.
CONFERENCE AT
HAGUE IC. ITH
International League for
Peace to Meet
This Year
The executive committee of the
Women's International League for
Peace and Freedom. Is issuing a
call for a conference to meet at
The Hague, Dec 7, to consider how
the ruin impending over Europe
can be averted by the substitution
of a real and practical peace for
the present destructive treaties.
Tho psychological as well as Ihe
political and flnanclal aspects of the
situation will be considered. Jane
Addams, the founder of Hull House
well known us author nnd speaker,
the president of the league,. has
been asked by cable to preside,
Selecting Jury
Will Be Long Job
(Continued from page 1)
censure on the special grand Jury,
the ono which brought the Indictments against the union miners,
but failed to fix responsibility for
the three union deaths caused by
company gunmen June 21 which
preceded the buttle of June 22 In
which and in its aftermath 19
strike breakers and company
guards lost their lives.
The regular grand jury report
says in part:
"We further wish to call to the
attention of your honor that the
special grand jury has aeen flt to
criticize the state and county officials. We wish to call your atteil
tlon further to the fact that the
record of said special grand Jury
fails to justify, tat d criticism and
of which no go*' can come, and Is
only Inclined to prejudice the
people of said county against
those indicted and which will mean
an additional expense In obtaining
a Jury to try tho Indicted men.'
"We appreciate fully the enormity of the offense committed on
June 21 and 22 and in no sense
condone any guilty parties. We
express our profound confidence In
the Integrity of our state.jwlt
county officials and in the citiie»<
ship of Williamson county,"       '
EMPLOYERS BEG BLOOD MONEY OF FEDERATED PRESS
CHICAGO "HSSBINCOMMITTSS
MHUSt«.M-fT.NU, CMiMHt
MtTTON f.»U»D
-I.J.CHARLIi.tR.
«M.CHANLH«.OAtVn
•WM* W. DULANV
MARQUIS IATON
•WUN V. FAN wiU.
HILTON N.MIHIIM
SOWARO LOOM
M.A.HtALV
HUMAN H. KITTLM
•»• nesm%' .
fcMrt thtt Aio Stats Chanter had "taken Action to set thftt
tho Htrrln nurderera were punished.-     -JU
t
]|ttorn«jr CtHwral Brundage already hae a grand Jai?
selected end is getting indictments, Ihcse vfeo have ooa-''
trlbuted to the fund have been both prompt and generous
of |26 to $500. Uany hare not replied
[ose do so et onoe, in
COL. MHRT H. HMfll
MMUA.MTTIN
ARTHUR RKTNOLM
JULIUS JtOMNWALD
JOHN • SHSOO
• ILAtJ.CTRAWN
•LAIN! I flNITH
lUCIIft TITM
ILMU W. WAONIH
WAMW.WILLIM
f HOI. * WILfOM
•IOROI WOODHU
■M.WRiMtTJ*.
The Federated Press
This cut reveals the conspiracy of the Illinois Chamber of Commerce with Attorney-General Brun-
daee in tlie prosecution or the Herrin mine war enses.   It reproduces the vital part of the begging letter
sent to TUe Federated Press and the envelope In whicli it eame, addressed to Clark H. Gcttt, although
Gettn lias not acted as buainess manager for the paat 12 months.
In making the eut the envelope haa been snipped to show the signature on the letter of Samuel
M, Hastings, chairman of the Clileago "Herrin" committee ot the Illinois Chamber of Commerce. Both
the letterhead und the envelope of the chamber bear the map of Illinois with the big Mot covering Williamson county which lms so angered tlie business men of Marlon, the county seat, that they told the
chamber to pass through without stopping on thc nimunl junket through tlie Stnte.
A letter to the ehumbcr expre.-i_.iiiK the keen Interest of The Federated Press In the Herrin cases
has uot bcen acknowledged, although (t Wiis sent to Chairman Hastings Sept. 14.
A
OF
Poland in the Grip of
the Military
Forces
Chicago—Poland Is a wilderness
of militarism, according to Joseph
Lieberman of this city, who-ha* returned from travels in the Baltic
countries from Kiel to Riga.   ■.■»
"The.Polish ofllcer considers himself superior to all rights of- civilians," Lieberman said. "I had
bought a seat in the chair car on a
Polish train. Leaving It for a moment I found It occupied by'a Pol-.
Ish officer On my. return. He Would
not budge, until with the help of a
friendly Englishman I threw him
Out bodily. A near riot resulted.
The statlonmaBter to whom I had
at flrst appealed said 'he could do
nothing against an officer. My Am-'
erican passport and the Englishman, no doubt, carried me through
the episode, Soldiers have the
right of way in Poland. There Is
much misery and demoralization in
the country."
Ifl
British   Workers   Going
to Australia Are
Disappointed
Melbourne. Auutralia.—Scandalously low wuges tire being offered
by employers to Immigrants arriving In Australia from Englund.
Recent cases Investigated by. the
federal government disclose thut
from 13.60 to H per .week, were
puid to men with wives and families for furm work. Keep wub
provided for lho men only—the
sustenance for their wives and
children having to be provided out
.of the wages paid to the men.
The Immigrants ure mostly British ex-service men who aro being
lured to Austrulla by lying statements promising high wages and
splendid opportunities. The trudes
und lubor councils throughout
Australia have issued protests
against immigration to Australia.
They point out that tho scheme to
flood the country with new arrivals
nccentuutes the locul unemployment trouble and tends to encourage the reduction, of wages. Warnings are being sont to the British
labor- pro_s to discourage British
workers against emigrating to Australia at present.
One dollar and fifty oenta l» the
cost for a ,lx monthi subscription
to the Federationist.
Herrin Miners' Defender
The Federated Press
A. W. Kerr, ohlef counsol, hud
of tho logal department of tba
Illlnolsmlners, is chief ce unlet
for t__r defenie. ln tht Herri*
mine war rases.
Wife of Railroad Striker
Shows True Wording
Class Spirit
By Martin A. Dlllmou
(Fedcruted Press Correspondent)
St. Louis.—"I would that all of
you had the spirit of the little
foreign-ho; n woman, wife of a railroad striker and mother of eight,
who told me she would suffer anything, starvation or death, rather
than see her husband scab." The
speaker was Mrs. Hoy Gardener,
president, addressing a monster
meeting of the newly-organizod
Women's Auxiliary to the Federated Shop Crafts, held here tbls
week. This organization, only a
few weeks old. has more than
5000 members,
J. \V- Mayes, international president, Amalgamated Meat Cutters
and Butcher Workmen, paid a tribute tqjhls organized effort on the
part of the women workers of the
shop crafts nnd advised them "to
push forward."
"Now is the time for the wives
of union men to show their mettle," 'said Mrs. Sarah Spraggon.
president, Women's Trade Union
League. "By having a smile for
the men when they come home and
urging them to stand loyally by
their colors, the women can do
much to make this strike a success.
The Women's Trade Union Leaguo
organized this auxiliary for just
that purpose, and it Is proud of
the way the women have responded to the call for their help. - We
have many plans for euchres, lotteries and other ways to raise money
with which to carry this shopmen's
strike to a victorious conclusion,
MINI INI
Leave   District   Sooner
Than Work in Argonaut Death Trap
[By M, A. Deford] ""•
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Jackson, Cal.—The coroner's
jury in the Argonaut inquest returned a verdict that the miners
"died from gas poisoning caused
by a flre of unknown origin, the
miners having no means of es*
cape." No grand Jury Investigation will be held, and no criminal
charges will be made against tho
mine owners. There will, however, be Investigation of a sort by
a committee apponted, after great
solicitation, by Governor Stephens.
This will doubtless whitewash the
owners and end the attempts to
fasten the blame for the tragedy
where lt belongs.
The jury recommended that an
opening be left between the Argonaut and the Kennedy ininea. This
the Argonaut Is delighted to accept, but the Kennedy has refused,
stating that lta own exits are perfectly safe, and lt does not see why
it should assist the Argonaut, with
which it Is legally at war. The
Argonaut ha« also promised to Install Arc-fighting apparatus, but no
steps have been taken aa yet to
this end. The .Inquest brought out
the fact that although the law requires two exits from everymine,
there is no penalty to the mine
ownera lf there ia no aecond exit,
or If it is useless, aa in the caae of
tha Muldoon shaft in the Argonaut,
' Owing to the fact that men are
leaving this district in great numbers rather than work ln the mines
of the. Mother Lode under their
preient .condition*,- Jamea Giam-
bruno, A. F. of I_. organizer, has
postponed attempts to form a
metal miners' union here,
SetUls—Anna Louise Strong,
Federated Press correspondent under the pan name Ani*e in Russia,
has boen granted credentials from
the Central Ubor Counoil here to
be n fraternal delegate and observer at tbe coming congP-iM of the
Third International, Nov. 2a.
IS
Sesrctary   of   Workers'
Party of America
Is Free
Albany. N. Y.—Gov. Miller has
denied the request of Michigan authorities to extradite to that State
Edward I. Llndgren, secretary
.Workers Party of America. Llndgren was sought by Michigan officers under tho Michigan anti-syndicalism law as an alleged participant in the so-called Communist
meeting in the Berrien woods,
Michigan, Aug. 21.
Joseph Spolansky, a department
of Justice agent, who declared he
saw Llndgren In the Berrien woods,
admitted that he had seen Llndgren only once before, three years
ago, and that at that time Llndgren
was in a room with 80 other men
BO feet away from Spolansky. It
was shown that Llndgren was on
a farm ln Chautauqua county, N.
Y., from Aug. 14 to Aug. 23.
Llndgren has been the Intended
victim of radical-hating officials
before. Last Docombor he was
cleared of charges of criminal anarchy hero, tho evidence being so
flimsy the court would not permit
tho case to go to trial.
Vancouver Unionists
Start Move to Secure
Unity in Movement
(Continued from page 1)
Cottrell; Loggers Industrial Union,
Del. Clarke; City Hall Employees,'
Del. Scrlbbens; Canadian Certified
Engineers, Del. Isherwood; Blacksmiths, Del. Bartlett; Machinists,
Del. Bengough; Brotherhood Carpenters, No. 462, Dol. Wolls; Steam
and Operating Engineers, Del.
Flynn; Milk Salesmen, Del. Showier.
Representation
The question of representation of
organisations was then dealt with,
and It was decided, that each organization sending representatives
to the next meeting should bo entitled to three delegates. This concluded the business of the meeting,
and tho oommlttee appointed will
carry on the Work started, and present a full report on their findings
at the next meeting. The organizations represented are as follows:
Amalgamated Carpenters, Boot
and Shoe Workers, Bookbinders,
Barbers, Blacksmiths, Boilermakers, Carpenters and Joiners, Local
452, City Hall Employees, Civic Employees, Canadian Society of Steam
Enginoers, Dominion Express Employees, Electrical Workers, Local
213, Federated Seafarers Union,
Granite Cutters, Hotel and Restaurant Employeos, Machinists, 182,
Machinists, 692, Musicians; Milk
Salesmen and .Dairy Employees,
Plumbers and Steamfltters, Pile-
drivers and Bridgemen, Painters
and Decorators, Railway Clerks,
Sheet Metal Workers, Sailors Union
of tho Pacific, Steam and Operating Enginoers, Street and Electric
Railway Employees, Switchmen's
Union, Typographical Union, Tailors Union.
Toronto—Canadian workers are
to be represented at the congress of
the Third international to be held
In Mosrow during Noverhber, by
John .MacDonald and Maurice Spec-
tor, mombers of tho executive of
the Workers Party of Canada. Mac'
Donald is known in Socialist circles ln Canada, and Spoctor gained
prominence a fow yenrs ago as editor of Tho Varsity, a student publication of Toronto University, when
he sought to advance Socialistic
thought through the columns of his
Journal ln the early years qf the
war.
Men's
Underwea
AT
Keenest
Prices
TIGER BRAND
Nice soft  quality,  gtii
weight, all sizes:
Shirts and Drawers, p.
garment  fl.;
Combinations $2.i
STANFIELD'S
Unshrinkable,  fine qua
ity elastic rib; all sizci
Shirts and Drawers, pi
garment fl.7
Combinations $3.6'
ATLANTIC
Medium weight, soft fii;
ished cream rib; a ver,
popular line:
Shirts and Drawers, pe
garmont $1.2
Combinations $2.4
CDBruci
Limited
HOMES and HASTING
Buy nt ,a union nor*.
Public Meetii
DOMINION HALL, NANAIMO
Sunday, Oct 15th
AT 7:30 P.M.
Speaker:  A. S. WELLS of Vancouver
Subject, "Thc Working-class Press and Unity in thej
Working-class Movement."
Multnomah Wood and Lumber Yard
LUMBER, SHINGLES, FUEL, FENCE POSTS
-HAULING-
l.OO MARINE DRIVE EAST Phone Fraser 1»7 La]
ACROSS THE SEA
FROM
TO
Soviet Russia needs machinery— vast quantities of it.
> The peasants cannot harvest the crops unless they procure harvesters,
binders. They cannot prepare the fields for the winter unless they are
furnished with tractors, plows, rakes, etc.
The factories in Russia will remain idle if the workers do not obtain
machines, lathes, engines, pumps, etc.
American Workers! American Farmers!
YOU KNOW WHAT IT MEANS TO BE WITHOUT TOOLS
Help Provide Tools and Machinery for Soviet Russia
Stretch your hands across the sea in brotherly help, in working-class
solidarity. Do what the capitalist governments refuse to do.
Today—-Help-—At Once
International Tool Drive for;
Soviet Russia
—Conducted by the—
Friends of Soviet Ru
:   1
201 WEST 13TH STREET
KEW YORE CITY
Help Build Up tht
World's Pint
Worktn' Republic
Yy      	
Accept my cont-Hmduii of %  io ho p Lull | uii
Soviet Russia of tlio Worliors uml l'_u_iiut_.
Name __.._	
Address  	
city  s:nic	

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