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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 3, 1919

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 THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA
IND08TBIAL UNITY: BTBBNCTH
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVER TRADEB AND LABOR COUN 3L, AND B. C. FEDERATION
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 1
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C„ FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3,1919
CAPITAL GATHERING CMC ELECTIONS
ITS FORCES TOR
IT
The Press, the Bulwarks
the Master Class, Offertt
Panaceas
But Knowledge Will Bring
to the  Workers
Freedom
Tho ovonts of tha last few weeks
have boen very significant In their
moaning to tho student who has followed tho evolution which has gradually
boon rolling onward in tho world at
largo, gathering both momentum and
power as it spreads. It portends tho
coming of a now social ordor to ozist
among mankind. The people of this
age, from this time henceforth, will
sever allow themselves to be led Into
destruction by tho blind insatiate greed
of those who rulo by "Divino Right.'"
The powors that pray, i.e. prey, aro
in a bowildoring fog of ignorance in regards to tho needs of tho prosont hour;
they aro all lost ns it wero in tho vast
and complex structuro which they have
builded, tho sumo organism threaten*
ing to bo tho undoing of that which
it was built to sustain. Wo find on all
sides tho daily pross endeavoring to
create a divorsion from tho real issues
by offering all sorts of ideas under tho
heading of "Reconstruction." How
glib, how subtle is that word. No sane
man wouid for ono ininuto cntortain
tho idea of building a structuro on
rotten foundation, lie would without a
doubt demolish the old supports, gel
down to hard.pan and build anew. So
wo seo on ull Bides tho signs of capital
gathering its forces togethor in ordor
to combat tho awakening brain of tho
workers of tho world, who aro at last
beginning to think, and act colloctivoly
for themselves. Tho different organizations of tho master class, namely, tho
-bankers' associations, tho employers'
protective ntwociutions, tho different
boards of trades, and so on down to
tho smaller fry, nre all centralizing
thoir offorts, pooling thoir resources, in
order to mainltaiu their prosont position
in socioty. Tho position tho master
class finds itself in is somewhat liko a
largo tree being felled by tho workers
of tho forest—tbe treo is nlmost sawn
asunder, slight vibrations nro felt by
tho experienced faller travelling nlong
tho saw; he ut onco proceeds to drivo
tho wedgo homej there is an ominous
silenco for somo seconds, tho mighty
fir is endeavoring its utmost to maintain its equilibrium, trembling and
slmlung its boughs in a last dyinj; effort, but to no avail; tho falling mon-
Bter of 'the woods hus lost, and with a
loud cracking and noiso of rending
fibre, fails ponderously to mother
oarth, crushing 'and smashing tho
smaller trcos which stood in its way.
So wo seo cupital in the same prcdica*
mont as thc treo, gathering its forces
for a laBt effort. Tho press owned and
controlled by tho muster class, is
emitting through its pages all sorts of
rumodics, and panaceas for its diseaso,
trying to heal tho sores of tho present
system by applying a plastor of nobula
verbiago in the shapo of reconstruction,
n modly of schemes for tho repatriation
of roturned soldiors and workers in
genoral, who havo been engaged in performing that which was necessary for
tho successful termination of tho war.
In fact, tho master class, by its
actions in sidestepping tho renl issuos,
is liko tho troo, beginning to feel tho
offedts of tho wodgoa of labor. Whilo
watching a large liner leaving tho
harbor recently, tho thought struck mo
vory forcibly, why is it tho men who
build thoso floating palaces, installing
in their insidos the mighty nnd intricate machinery which propel thom, they
in their turn hnnd them over to men
skilled in running them, all workers,
who operate thom for tho bonefit of
tho masters! Surely these men aro pos*
sossod of onough intellect to see that
whilo thoy work day and night to keep
tho vobboI speeding onward, braving
tho perils of tho sen, tho mnstors are
Bafoly ensconced with smug complacency in luxurious surroundings on the
uccrucd labor of the onc who lolls. Can
thoso men who nro bo efficient for Iho
master do the sumo for themselves, by
acting collectively! Tho answer lays
with the workors themselves. Anything worth having is worth lighting
for. To appreciate tho valuo of a point
gained, a concession won, thoy only
know, who havo struggled for. tho ro*
salt obtninod. I think if my memory
servcB mc rightly Emerson says in ono
of his essays those words, "Just as fnr
as a man thinks ho is free." So it will
bo with tho workors when they begin
to think for thomsolves. Thoy will bo
free. Tho master class knows tho
value of "mental suggestion," tho
"big businoss" Intorests spond cnorm*
ous sums of monoy yearly for advertising tho different brands of swng exploited from tho slaves. Go whoro you
will, up country lanes, through city
streets, along the transcontinental
routes, confronting you on ovory hand
thcBo "montnl signs'' aro to bo found,
suggesting to you, thnt their brand of
swag is bettor than tho other follow's.
In fact, asking yon to buy tho goods
you have produced, which thoy havo
exploited from you. Tho only cure for
the discasod body politic lays with tho
workers. To do which, they must clean
their mental nrocosses thoroughly, dis-
pol tho minsm of superstition, hypocrisy
and political piffle hnnded out to them
ns tho masters soe lit. In other words,
stop looking through tho master's
glasses, which nro befogged with profits, balances nnd promise lo pays.
Deal with fncts, not flomo nebula hypothesis of "work aud got your reward
In heaven bunk," as hnndod out to
them by the parasites of this systom,
who today aro crucifying tho lowly
Nazaronc with every word they utter.
Assert your manhood, think for yourselves, n» members of tho working
class, look at tho proposition from your
sido of tho fence, obtain and digest
thoroughly litoraturo such as la on saw
by tho different labor organisations nt
NEXT THURSDAY
Only One Official Working
Class Candidate in
the Field
,. The civic elections are causing bnt
I tttlc comment iu the ranks of labor
\is year, W. R. Trotter is the only
iot.El candidate of a working class
-™fcnnizntion, he being the nominee of
*-j'. Federated Lnbor Party in Ward
tA Tho election of l>»yor Galo by
t% nntion socmB to havo taken thu
&*, ut of this year's elections. Cap-
timt idlkins in Ward II. ia tho nomineo
of the returned men, nnd ia being supported by the G.W.V.A. Tho other
candidates are not such bb tb cause
more than passing comment. W. R.
Trotter is cxpoctod to bo elected, It being conceded by moat people that it is
near time that tho workers hnd some
representative on the council. That tho
property qualification has much to do
with labor not having more to say in
civic elections becomes more apaprcnt
evory year. Ono of tho flrst things
that tho new council should soo to ia
the amendment of tho city charter to
provido for election of aldermen at
large, and so cut out the sectionalism
in the city. But the outstanding feature of tho situation, is that property
as usual rules the rooat, and that it
ia property that has the qualifications
for aldermanic honors, and not men.
So long as this condition prevails, so
long will labor bo under a handicap as
to civic elections. That labor will support tho nominee of the Federated
Labor Party goes without saying, but
all those workers who aro on tho list
in Ward III. should register their votes
in hiB favor next Thursday.
OUT WAGES OF ASIATIC
LABORERS 5 OENTS HOUR
Employers Soon to Take Advantage of
the Overstocked Labor
Market
That tho employers are not long in
taking advantago of an overstocked
Labor market, is evidenced by tho action of a Mr. Harvoy, who is occupying
promises until recently owned by tho
Dominion Cruosoting Co. On Thursday
this outfit informed their employees,
who by tho wny aro oither Chinese or
Hindus, that their wages would be
cut fivo ceuts per hour. This they refused to nccopt, and they wero informed that they would havo to aceopt or
get out, Tho manner in which tho firm
intends to put its edicts into operation
is as follows: Tho whistlo is to blow nt
7 a. m. nnd if they aro not going to
work for tho wnges offered, tho whistle
will blow at 7:10, und they will bo
compelled to leave the premises with
thoir homes on their backs, i. c., blankets, etc. Tho number of omployees is
ubout 120, mndo up of 70 Hindus, and
50 Chiiieso. Tho next movo will bo to
reduco lho wngos of tho whites,
FEDERATIONIST
mONOFLAB^ ♦    TOUTIOAI, TOITT,  YIOTOBT
1919     V .("■S'gB')       I1.50 PER YEAB
THEN AND NOW
Away back on July 26th, 1900, Mr, David Lloyd George, the wizard
from Wales, arose and spoke thus:
"The right hon. gentleman (Mr. Joseph Chamberlain) had made up his
mind that the war would produce electioneering profit to his own side.
He was in a hurry to go to the country before the facts were known.
"He wanted judgment from the people in the very height and excitement of the fever. He wanted a verdict before this discovery was made
—upon censored news, suppressed dispatches, and unpaid bills.
"The right hon. gentleman might not be a statesman, but he was an
expert electioneerer, and in his desire to go to the country before the
country thoroughly realized, what the war meant, he was the one man
who pronounced the deepest condemnation upon his own proceedings."
And so the pushful Joe fell for his trick; so, too, will brazen David, for
David is now busy following step by step in Joe's trickeries.
E
T
Lestor Will Speak at the
Broadway on "A Permanent Peace"
Last Sunday's crowd at tbe Rcxwqs
a record ono, and at 7,40 p.m. tho
doors hnd to be locked, as the house
wns filled to capacity. Ou Sunday
ovening E. T. Kingsley will speak at
Lao Rex and Churlcs Lestor will'speak
at tho Broadway. J. S. Woodsworth will
speak on Sunday at tho Columbin
Thcatro, Victoria,, and it is oxpectod
that a regular circuit will bo established in the near futuro and speakers will
bo provided by the provincinl executivo. On Wednesday next the Vancouver locnl of the pnrty will hold n whist
drivo and danco in the O'Brien Hnll,
Good prizes will be given to tlio winners in tho whist drivo, and dancing
will commence at 0 p.m. Refreshments
aro being provided as nt tho last
dance, and a good crowd is expected,
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Tho Hotel and Restaurant Employ.
Union held a very successful New
Yonr's Eve dance in tho Auditorium.
500 tickota wore sold ,and everybody
had a real good time, Tho union ia now
concentrating its efforts for greater organization of its craft throughout Canada, and nt the preaent timo petitioning all Canadian locals to take an activo part to securo organizers through
tho International to covor Canadian
territory, and much will depend upon
tho offorts put forward by tho difforont
locals. The union realizes taht a great
deal of good can be accomplished by
bringing to lho notice of the sister
locals in Brit inh Columbia the necessity of sending a full quota of delegates to tho forthcoming convention of
tbe Podorntion of Labor, to bo held in
Calgary next March, All officers elected aro requostod to attend tho noxt
regular mooting for installation to offlco, to bo held Friday, Jnn. 3, at 3 p.m.
thoir weekly lectures, nnd you will
then understand why the capitalistic
treo is beginning to groan aud protest
with all its might nt fhe enforced pros-
suro of thc powerful wedge of organized lubor driven home by tho class-
conscious slavos throughout the world
nt largo,
Tho clouds are breaking on tho horizon, tho dawn of "Our Dny" is at
hand, tho Sun of Knowledge is shedding its rays on a world of cant, hypocrisy, and superstition, exposing tho
rotten system undor which wo live. Wo
have but to stop forward liko mon nnd
grasp tho golden opportunity presonted
to us by thoso who have boen woighed
in tho balance and found wanting. Do
it now, Goorge ean't do it.     E.H.N,
London Labor Party Passes
Resolution of  Protest
Against Autocracy
The Stratford workers are incensed
at the recent arrest of A. Skidmoro:
in fact all of tho eastern workers aro
up in arms against ttUs latest autocracy on the part of the powors that be.
At an overflow meeting of the London
Branch of tho Independent Labor Party
of Ontario, hold December 22, 1918, the
following resolution was unanimously
carried, and copies ordcrod to bo sont
to the pross of Canada for publication
Besolution
"Whoreas, a crimo againBt Canadian
domocracy has been committed in the
polico court of Stratford, Ontario; in
the matter of tho Crown persecution,
and conviction, of Arthur Skidmoro, a
British subjoct, and Canadian citizen
in good standing; ho being the president of tho Stratford Trades Council,
and (for many years) held tho position
of chief engineer in tho O. T. R. shops
at Stratford; and
"Whereas, tho fino of $500 and commitment to a felon's coll, of the said
Arthur Skidmoro, for thb causo set
forth in his indictment, is nn insult to
tho memory of tbe heroic dead of the
Canadian working class, whoso bodios
lie in Flanders' fields ns martyrs to tho
causa of democrucy; and
"Whoreas, the official literary organ
of tho 'Social Democratic Party' of
Cnnndn, defined in order-in-council
'1241' ns tho 'Canadian Forwnrd,' wns
distributed all over Canada by paid
agents of tho Crown, and such an agont
placed and put into the possession of
Arthur Skidmoro tho literature, for poa*
session of whieh ho hns been persecuted, lined $500, nnd placed in n
felon's coll, at tho order of another
paid agent of tho Crown; and
"Whereas, the possession of tho said
'Canadian Forward' is not a crimo
againat eithor the moral law, or the
commonwealth of Canada; but has boon
constituted a crimo by a vicious ubo of
power under order-in-council; thc abuBe
of which power incites to revolt and
social disorders, such as inevitably follow abuse of authority, on the part of
Crown agents; and
"Whereas, tho enforcement againat
Arthur Skidmoro, and his family, of
police-court judgment as abovo set
forth, is not in the public interest, but
is likely to excite widespread dissatisfaction throughout the length nnd
breadth of the Dominion of Canada;
and stir up undesirable clement* in po*
liticnl lifo;
"Therefore, we demand,
"(1) Immediate release from cus
tody of Arthur Skidmoro.
"(2) Refund to Arthur Skidmoro
and to nil other British subjects ir
Canada, who have been convicted under order-in-council '1241,' of nil fines
and legal costs to which thoy have beon
subjoct, under sueh conviction.
"(3) Immediate repeal of ordor-in
council '1241.'
"(4) Public reprimand by superiors
of all loeal Crown officials, who in the
exercise of thoir powors nnd nuthority,
iibiiso their sacred trust, bring law and
authority into disrepute among tho
masses of the common poople and so administer the legal code as to inoite revolt und disorder, whero otherwise
penco and needed opon discussion of
politicnl nnd economic problema would
prevail in tho Democracy of Canada."
A Groat War Veteran, when ho hoard
about Skidmoro, said, "What in 	
did the Canadian army fight for in
Flandors?" Evidently for domocracy
in ovory plnco but Canada.
Skidmoro has sinco been released.
Boilermakers
At the last mooting of thc Boilermakers, thn chief business was tho eloction
of officers, tha following being tho successful candidates: President, M. A,
McEcheran; vice-president, Bro.
Woods; financial secretary and treasurer, Angus Fraser; recording secretary,
J. (load; inspector, S. Milno; Inside
guard, Bro, Cameron; trustees, Bros.
Young, Holmes and Harris; businoss
agont, ,T. A. Mooro; chief stewards, T,
FnwkoH, Coughlans; W. Harris, Wallace 'a.
Electricians
Tho Electricians at their last meeting
elected the following officers for tho
coining yenr: Prosidont, H, E. Burns;
vice-prosident, II. Woodside; business
ngent nnd financial secrotary, E. 11.
Morrison; recording socrotary, W. A.
FnulkoBj treasurer, C. Weir. Fivo new
members woro intitintod, and tho sick
committee reported three moro members
down with thc llu, and that Bro, E. I.
Murphy, had diod on Christmas night
from this diseaso,
SPECIAL MEETING OF
II
Question of Municipal Elections and Co-operation
Discussed
IN
I IB
Council Decides to Co-operate with Returned
A special meeting of tho Victoria
Trades and labor Council was hold in
Lnbor Hall on Sunday evening, Dec.
29, Presidont Dooley in tho chair.
Tho business bofore tho meeting was
a recommendation f lira ox-sorpico men
and workers council',to "make a canvass and namo propel mon, members of
tho Trades and Labo? Council or unions
as candidates for the coming municipal
cloctions, to work in conjunction with
tho ox-scrvicc mon'a committeo."
Delegate Woodward wns in sympathy
but thought it inadvisable ns tho workers woro not organized to tako up the
matter of electing men to municipal or
othor offices. Tho recont Dominion election proved that.
Dologato Sivertz oxplaincd that the
idea was for tho Motal Trndos Council
and Trndes nnd Labor Council to prepare a list of suitable candidates, and
submit it to n nominating convontion.
Tho ox-service men's committeo also to
do tho somo. Ho was not in fnvor at
this time bf submitting any namos, as
whilo tho intentions of tho ex-service
men's committee were good, yot he
could not regnrd thom as hrtving much
stability at present, nnd wc should support them with a view to leading them
to think nnd act along moro useful
channels.
Delegate Stovonson was not in favor
of tho council entering municipal politics, as it was evidont from tho att:-
tudo of thc ex-service men that the
nggrogation which would bo nominated
by them would bo on a par with somo
of tho candidates of tho Labor Pnrty
in England, when Lord French's Bister
ran in tho interests of Labor. It would
porhapB, bc good for tho roturned men
to experiment in municipnl politics, for
they would find out that os long as tho
capitalist clnss wero in control, the
election of their nominee to tho posi
tion of alderman or mayor would not
make any difference, ns tho policy of
those aldermen would bo dictated by
tho moneyed interests of Victorin.
Dolegato Coulter pointed out thnt ho
considered this idea of nominating candidates for municipal olection a joke,
and ii dream. That wo wore not of the
property-owning class, neither wore we
taxpayers. Ho mentioned tho fact thnt
in his nativo city (Glasgow), when
municipalization was carried out to tho
fullest, extent, thoro wns moro poverty,
misery and degradation thnn any other,
th tho exception of Liverpool or Bel
fast. Ho suggested that tho council
drop tho idea. Finally n motion by
Delegate Sivertz was put and carried.
That "owing to look of timo for preparation and orgnnization, the council
would not submit nny names, but would
endorse co-operation with thc ox-service'
men's organization."
Longshoremen
At tho last meoting of tho Longshoremon, tho following officers were
sleeted: President, J. Mahone; vice-
president, L. Marsh; sec rotary- treasurer, Geo. Thomas; business agont, T.
Sinclair; assistant business agent nnd
recording secretary, A. Hill; gunrd, B.
Bracken. The amalgamation of the
I. L. A. Auxiliary with the Longshoremen's locnl is now completed, and the.
newly elected ollicers will look aftor
thn interests of the joint organization.
Shipyard Laborers
M. the last mooting of tho union the
following officers wero elected for tho
coming sens-nun: President, John Sully;
vice-president, .Tames Brunton; trustees, J. A. Lockwood, W. Nelson, J.
Lamb; business agont, Welsh Loo; fin-
ductal secretar}"' M< ■*■*-' Phelps; recording secretnry, W. Storrow; gunrd, Ci.
Lewis.
Meat Cutters nud Butchers Union
Tho Ment Cutters and Butchors
Union, No. 043, will hold their next
rogular meeting on January 7. Instal-
'ation of officers as well as many other
items of important; business will be
takon up. A good Now Year'* resolution would be: "That I will in HUP
take moro interest in myself, and attend nil of my union meetings."
Thirty Millions of the People
of the United States Live
in Poverty
Hero we aro, in tho ditch,
We accopted tho leadership of men
who told us they could seo, but tho result shows that thoy wero blind. Wo
woro ignorant and blind; they were ignorant—blind, and hero wo aro—all in
tho ditch together.
And such a ditch!
It is a social bog founded upon an
economic morass.
_ Tho Industrials Relations Commission gave tho world an excellent picture of tho economic morass. Two per
cont .of the people of tho United
States own 60 per cent, of tho wealth
—and that tho important wealth such
as railroads, banks, mines and factor*
ics. With thousands of millionaires—
with 206 porsons admitting that thoy
havo incomes of moro than a million
dollars oach year—tho Federal government reports some thirty millions of
persons living in poverty, and tolls us,
furthermore, thnt tho babios born into
.tho families of the poor, die fivo times
as fast ns babios horn into tho families of tho well-to-do. Sido by sido, iu
a nation whoso wealth is estimated at
250 billions of dollars, nro fabulous
wenlth and death-dealing, soul-blunting
poverty. Prices climb. Food speculators and steel manufacturers roup hundreds of millions. Exploitation is rum-
pout evorywhero. Here and thoro tho
exploited, poverty-ridden workers mnko
a protest. They wnnt "some more."
Thoy demand a larger sharo in tho
magic prosperity thnt. is sweeping over
tho land. Clapl Thc Cossacks aro on
their backs, nnd tho law, in its tarnish-
cd majesty asserts tho right of tho rich
and the powerful to live at ease upon
the oxploitod toil of tho common people. Economic despotism is tho handmaid of economic anarchy. Tho plutocracy knows no law savo that of profits and its own well-being. Liberty,
justico, truth—what and whore are
they 7
Upon this morass of economic barbarism lies the bog of social disintegration and disorder. The homo is
breaking up under thc savago blows of
high routs, high prices, womnn and
child labor and concentrated city populations. Thus far, the plutocracy hns
shown little intention of restoring it.
Individual vitality nnd manhood is
threutenod. Diseases of degeneration
aro on the increnso—Bright's disense,
eancor, discuses of tho blood and nervous system. In Englnnd—the citadel
of present-day industrialism—the report of tho Parliamentary Commission
on Physical Deterioration showed a
frightful loss of vitality among the
masses of the English people. Hero in
tho United States the rato of army rejections bears out tho charges mnde in
Irving Fisher's "Nntionnl Vitality"
thut thc losses through unnecessary
sickness and denth in the United Stntes
must bo counted in billions of dollars
ench year. Theu, in 1014, to the disintegration of capitalistic society was
added tlio disorder of universay war
and nlrendy tho spokesmen of tho plutocracy nre urging proparntion for tho
further disorder thnt will romo with
"tho  next wnr."
We nre in the ditch—the ditch of
economic inequality, despotism nnd
anarchy; of sociul disintegration nnd
disorder. Our loaders hnve brought
us hero in their bHndnofls nnd in tlieir
ignorance they nre urging us to stay
here.
Wc soo onc thing, now.    Those who
aro educated aro not alwayB wise. The |
chools and colleges which trained for
efficiency, slipped up on commonsense.
So it follows again that the wisdom
of tho world is not all in tho heads of
tho jpcltoloxs. Understanding of life ie
not the heritage of the learned—it be*
longs to the common people. You can-
not fool all of the people all of tho
timo. They hnve played the game of
lifo and in their hearts, they know.
Tho workers of the Dominion
must follow tho example of tho Bussian
irkers. If they want the thing done
right, they must do It themselves. Thoy
ave been rnsy-going nnd confiding;
and they must arouse themselves.
Alert, active, they must organize, unite
und demnnd the place which their labor
has built in the sun.
PITERS' STRIKE
TIES UP THE FED
Job Printers' Strike Thursday Morning Caused Delay in Publication
On Thursday morning, tho job printers took it into their heads to strike,
with tho result thnt Tho Fo drationist
is moro than a dny lato this weok. As
mnny of The Fedorationist rondors will
know, Cowan & Brookhouse nro the
printers of "Labor's own puper," and
ns all job offices wero pulled, wo had
to wait until somo settlement hnd boon
arrived at beforo the printing of this
issue could bo proceeded with. Tho do*
mands of tho printers woro to bring the
wages up to tho rate paid to men working in newspaper offices. Tho scale in
tho job offices has beon (29.60, and in
tho newspaper offices, $34.50. This is
tho wago demanded by the job men.
Satisfactory arrangements having boen
como to botweon Cowan 4 Brookhouse
and tho Typographical Union, the men
resumed work on Friday morning,
after a mooting of tho local had been
held to settle tho point In so far oa this
firm was concerned. That having to depend on a private concern, instead of
having a plant of its own, undor the
circumstances is nnfortnnato, will bo
readily seen, and with those facta boforo the workors of this province, and
tho steadily growing desiro for a daily,
it now rests with them as to whether
Tho Fod. will ovor be tiod np with a
striko again.
STREET RAILWAYMEN
ELECT THEIR OFFICERS
Result of Elections Shorn All Old Officers Were- Ee-eletced Lut
Saturday
Tho balloting for tho election of officers for tho Stroet and Electric Railway Employees took placo last Saturday.  Tho result of tho elections are as
follows: It will bo noted that all the
old officers  were elected.    President,
W. Cotterill j vice-president, J. Hubblo j
second vico-prosident, A. J. Hnrraway;
recording socrotary, A. V. Lofting; nn*
)       fl.50 PER YEAR
opraslil
COMiTERMARE
NOMINATED
Trades Council Elects Four
of Its Officers  by
Acclamation
Minister of Labor and the
Question of Six-Hour
Day
The Trades and Labor Council held
a lengthy session on Thursday ovoning,
and a good deal of routine business waa
transacted. Tho nomination of officer!
showed that thero waa little desiro to
change the personnel of the officials,
Prosidont Winch being re-elected by
acclamation, as was Vice-president Kavanagh, Business Agent Midgloy nnd
Secretary-Treasurer Knowles. For tha
trustees, four in number to bo electcd-
tho following wore nominated; W. A.
Pritchard, H. Cotterill, B. Showier, A.
J. Crawford, W. Youhill, J. J. Hubble.
Miss Gutteridge. A. C. Woods, R. Sinclair, Oeo. Hardy and 8. Hunt. For
guard three were nominatods W. A.
Aloiandcr, Q. Harrison and Frank
Poole. Delegates McFarlano, Hurry
and Youhill wore appointed as auditors.
A communication waa rocelvod from
the Winnipeg Trades' and Labor Council endorsing tho stand takon by tko
local council on the question of the cen-
corship, and tho allied intervention in
Russia. Another communication was *
recoived from the Fort William central
body, pointing out tho danger ot intro-
forcneo with working class organizations, whioh waa evidently intended by
tho increasing of tho number of tho
Mountod Police. Presidont Moore of
the Dominion Trades Congress in •
lottor Intimated that in the near futuro
ho would issue a prononneoment on
questions arising out of reconstruction.
Mlnliter of Labor aad Six-hour Say
A communication from the Ministor
of Labor in reply to a request, by tho
counoil for a pronouncement   on   the
 .._  _.JJ      ..„   nix-hour day proposal, intimated that
nncial  socretary and buiitooVs" agent, I "V° mi"*«tor doos not favor it, and in
--   *   — -   -     -       ■ which   he . stated   that   a   universal
oight-hour day wos about as far as it
would bo possiblo to go at this timo.
He suggested, however, that whoro the
mon wore willing to work a six-hour
day nnd a five-day week, and tho mon
paid on an hourly basis, that tho employers would havo no objoction to
moeting such request.
A communication from Mr. Riding-
ton of the Library Association, asking
for tho endorsement of the   proposer!
Frod. Hoover; treasurer, E. S.■Cleveland; second conductor, E. Hicks; audi*
tors,  J.  Byron,  E.  Kermode  and ,J.
Whito.    Tho delegates to tho Trades
and Labor Couneil aro as follows: F.
Hoover, W. H. Cottrell, J. Hubblo, A.
Lofting, E. Kcrmodo, E. S. Cleveland,
R. E. Rigby nnd J. Price.   Delegates to
tho B. C. Federation ojf Labor convention, W. H. Cottrell, J. Hubble, B. Ker*
modo, A. Lofting.   Tho following offlcors were elected by acclamation; First .... .    .
war-Ion, B. O. Davios; second warden,  library  bill,  with somo  modifications
R. Anderson; first eonduotor, R. Hendry.
W. W. LEFEAUX AT
Tl
Working Class Takes Great
Interest in These
Meetings
Tho propaganda mootings of tho So-
clallsm Party of Canada, hold evory
Sunday night in tho l.oyul Theatre,
continuo to attract crowded hotiSOB. An
audience which packed the theatre to
tho doors listened with great interost
lo an address on "Current Events" hy
Comrado Knvanago hint Bunday.
Tho social horizon is now replete
with signs and portents of the approach of an epoch of revolution thnt
promisoa to be more fnr-ronching in its
consequences to mankind than any thftt
nave preceded it, It will bo accompanied with less oi violence and leave
loss of misery and sorrow in ita wake,
if every man bestirs himsolf to under
stand tho nature of tho change that has
boen made necessary by tho industrial
dovolopmont of tho past. The more
widespread tho knowledge of tho impending change, and the necessity for
for it, the loss will be the shock inei
dental to it.
Comrado Lefeaux is tho speaker next
Sunday.
Doors open 7.30 p.m.; ohoir taken 8
p.m, sharp. Questions and discussion.
Bo early.
General Toamstcrs and Chauffeurs
Rogular mooting next Wednesday.
The siok bonefit fund 1)08 started bus!
ness. Havo yon put in yonr application! All mombors driving trucks
should attend tho next mooting, as important resolutions affecting thorn will
be brought frtrward. Tho quostion of
quarterly dues will also be settled.
Laundry Workers' Striko Fund
Tho following are tlio contributions
to tho Laundry Workers' striko fund
to January ',1, I019t
Previously acknowledged  (16,202.06
  ... 0.00
32.00
.100.00
6.00
28.00
..      280.00
2.00
fi.00
27.00
$15,746.05
Soft Drink Dispensers .
Bakers 	
Shoot  Metal Workors 	
Tilolaytlrs	
Freight Handlers 	
Longshoremen's Auxiliary
CHoarmaJtors, Westminster
Bakers 	
Plasterers  	
Machinists Ladies'
Tho
in tho
Auxiliary
('In ist mas entertainment hold
Lahor Temple on Saturday was
a very grent succoss, Over 300' woro
presont, nnd everyone participated In
tho programmo, which included a loaded Christmas troo for the kiddies, a
sumptuous tea, contests and games, all
having u thoroughly good time.
The regular mooting of this lodge
took placo on January 2, the officers
being installed, and much business be
Ing transacted.
Lodge 110 wishes all mombors of the
I, A. M. a happy and prosperous New
Yonr.
Change of Address
Whon   sending   chango   of   address
send tho old as well as tho new.
suggested  by him,   wns  received  and
the proposal endorsed.
Another communication from tho
Machinists, asking thc counc:] to endorse thoir demand for tho release ot
all political prisoners, wns received and
tho request grantod.
Two communications from thc Shipwrights were received, one asking that
the constitution bc changed so that
only onc member of any organization
could be on tho executive of the council to bo elected by the referendum
vote of thc affiliated organizations, on
tho proportional representation system.
This woh received and filed.
Tho socond communication raised
quito a discussion. This letter asked
that certain individuals unnamed, who
aro supposed to be objectionable to tho
roturned soldiers' organization, be not
placed on any committoo appointed to
deal with returned soldier probloms,
but that broad-minded men be placctl
ou thosi) committees.
Delegate Midgley stated that tho
communication, to him, appeared ns tho
effort of a discredited member of organized labor, aad to adopt any suggestion was to play Into tho hands of
thoso that were on the outs do, nnd
who would bu phased to have B%ch
a course adu\ :* .1.
Dolegato Kavanagh wanted to know*
if tlie shipwrights' organization
considered that men who change with
evory change in public opinion were to
bo cl&8flod Ofl broad minded.
A motion to tile tho communication
and condemning tho tactics of the shipwrights for the methods employed, was
adopted,
The Goofroy 6asu
A request from lho Laundry Workers for timuic.iaj assistance in ordor to
appeal for a new tritil for W. L.
Goofroy who was sentenced to J8
months' imprisonment daring tho laundry workers' strike, was rend. Tho ox
louhivo recommended that tho requeat-
bo not granted. Delegate Midgley
stated that the executive had consid-
I legal advice, und wns of
the opinion that nn appeal would-
faU, and considered that it would bo;
bettor to use any money whieh might'-
be dissipated in legal expenses, fur thu
bonoflt of tho family of the man in
prison. Delegate Curtor of tho Lumvrtrv
Workers stned that it was im possiblo
to think tlmt Oeofroy was guilty of
thn crime for which he had been sentenced, and that their solicitor hnd informed thom that if tho appeal was
made _ new trial would bo granted.
Delogate McVety stated that even If
tho facta were as stated by Delegate
Curler, thnt them is only one point on
which an appeal would bo allowed in n
criminal ease, and that was on u point
of law, and while he believed that tbo
man wus innocent, and realized the
sentimental side of the question, tho
executive hud boon guided by the practical side, and that the executivo was
of the opinion that the best interests
of Goofroy would bu conserved by
seeking for clemency, instead of appealing for a new trial, which if grunted might result in all efforts to hnvo
the sentence reduced, being nullifiedi.
Prosidont Winch stuted that the action
of the executive was only taken after
every consideration had been given thc
cnso, and that while ho was of th*
opinion that Ueofroy was innOCuuf, ha
considered no good si*mYe would bo
rendered him by taking ihu action pro-
(Continned un Vsgs TWo)
L PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
..Angary 3, ]91>
Arnold & Quigley's Great
JANUARY CLEARANCE SALE
COMMENCES SATURDAY
Tremendous reductions on this entire, stock of Men's
Clothes and-Furnishings.
TRADE UPSTAIR-SAND SAVE YOUR DOLLARS
iARNOLD&QUKSLEyj
■i       'SheStore thats atiuays busy"
0546Granville St 546J
extra rent  UrO.IMIrO   liLUInCd   Dnvr
MR. CIGAR SMOKER!
—EEMEMBEB THAT—
UNION BLUE LABEL CIGARS
—ABE   MADE   UNDEB—
Sanitary Conditions and First-Class Workmanship
$       IthmO by Aulhomj.01 ihe Cigar M-ktsis' I/iteirulicmal Union of America.
Union-made Cigars.
Eltis Cetltfiri iiHiitai-iwf.e«ij.r»a-.ni!»«lww.-.twnna*»iw»Hrst-ClauWwlananj
||(M»K:]__I    w-W-WM-rffaMlW^ Ibftfof|«[«aaBttd|
wCmi*,n*)Fu«*mnf.i
itow-oUt
•Jftef*
upon Uiit lit* wiTte fuMf*rf trm.iM Id li*
*#f WAJtiuA, Prtadm
LOOK f Oft THIS BLUE LABEL ON THB BOX
Cigarmakers Lockout and Strike
REMEMBER — Tuckett V " Club Special,!' " Marguerite,''
"Preferred," also "La Preferencia," "Carabana," "Ovido"
and other Cigars.
DO NOT BEAR OUR BLUE UNION LABEL
Cigarmakers Joint Advisory Board
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
Orldln'l Nol-.-Seed, >t .....16c
Mot-a-Swd BallliK— 0 Da. ate
Looana Seeded Ralaina, 16oipkt.
(or   tie
C'e-ued Oirruta. Ib. —ID*
Shelled Almonds', lb  70o
Stalled Walnuti, lb.   7te
Lemon and Orange Feel, lb. —40a
Mince Meal, a Ibl. lor -..Mc
Baiel N«U,  lb.  ■"•«
Walnuts,  lb.    SOC
Almonds  -..8 Ibl. lor «6c
Halkln'a Tea »»o
Slatnr-a Red Label Tea — tOe
Hlator's Bed Label Cotee ..40c
Sunlight Soap.... :....4 for 26c
Boyal Grown Soap— 6 for 350
B. 0. Catanp  -..
Sliced  Bacon, lb.   	
Sliced Bacon, lb ......
Ayrshire Bacon, lb	
Sllord BoU  Bacon,   lb. .
 HOC
 BOo
 401
EOOSI  EOOSI  30081
Alberta Storage E****a, doi...60c
Alberta Fresh Eggs, doi «Bc
Compound Lard .
Beef Dripping ...
 2 lbs. 55c
 1 lb. 300
EXTBA SPECIAL
Small Pieces Bacon, 3 to 3 lba.
Regular 41  l-2c    Saturday
only    - 33 1-80
BIO SPECIAL
Flonto Hams. Regular 31 l-3c.
Saturday onlr  38 l*3c
ANOTHER BIO SPECIAL
45 l-2o.
..43 1-2C
Back , Ban.u.     Beg.
Saturday only, lb.
Alborta Speeial Butter, Ib 550
Alberta Special Butter 3 Ibl. 11.50
Alborta Creamery Batter, lb 500
Sardines  ._ __.*. 3 for  85c
Clorli'o Pork and Beans..3 for 26c
Aunt  Dinah's Molasses,  5-lb. tins
for    550
EXTBA  SPECIAL
Slater's Famous Cottago Rolls,
3 to 5 lbs. eaeh.    Saturday
only   38  l*2c
3--BIG STORES■■ 3
123 Hastings Street East
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 1683
The Trocadero Cafe
For Union Men
156 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Phone Seymour 935
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN VANCOUVER
UNION CARD
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Labor Must Be Prepared to
Commence the Building
of a New State
British Labor Party Programme Will Become the
People's Charter
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
Articlo II.
It iB wiBy to criticize, but difficult to
construct. Many advocutttf of Socialism arc ablo to mako out u suong caso
against the existing economic systom,
but few are uhlo to suggest tho first
steps toward the realization of their
dreams. It ia comparatively easy to
say, "wo must havo a social rovolu-
tion," Under certain circumstances it
is possible for tho pooplo suddonly to
grasp tho reins of power. But liko marriago that is hot really tho ond of the
story, but only its beginning. Everything lms stilt to bo worked out.
Tho message of Lenino to tho Soviot
last April is full of suggestions for
thoso who look forward to a violent
cataclysm as tho end of their troubles.
Lenine urges that production is as ne-
ccssary under tho Soviot government,
as undor tho Czar's government, and
that tho peoplo must leurn to work
moro efficiently. Ho urges tho need of
introducing tho Taylor systom of business efficiency. Labor in Amorica has
deprecated tho introduction of this system as tending to a speeding-up of -industry that would bo detrimental to
the welfare of tho workers. Yet tho
Bolsheviki leaders advocate it! Further, Lenino justifies the employment
of highly paid bourgeoise specialists on
tho ground that tho workors have not
ns yot men in thoir own ranks who aro
trained to conduct modern business enterprises. Still further and moro surprising, Lenino frankly states that tho
govornment has taken over moro industries than it is ablo to mauago, and
that it is necessary to call a halt in
order to consolidate the ground already
undor control. All this you will find in
a banned pamphlet "Tho Soviets at
Work." It reflects no discredit on tho
Bolshoviki that so soon thoy aro learning to adopt a constructive policy. But
decidedly it is a warning to us that we
cannot hopo at ono foil swoop to reconstruct our economic system.
Tho British Labor Party has taken
to heart tho old admission, "Look boforo you leap," and has boen carefully
considering the possibilities of thc
immediate futuro. Bovolution may appear to come moro slowly than in Russia, but thoro will bo no counter-revolution.
The report on Reconstruction of tho
subcommittee of the British Labor
Party bids fair to stand as tho poople 'a
charter. Though somewhat modified by
the full conference, and itB form considerably altered, tho draft programmo
has gono out to all the world as thc
most adequate presentation of tho aims
of Labor which has over boon, put forth
by a responsible political party.* Whatover tho results of tho present election
in Great Britain, Labor has now attain*
ed a fairly clear idea of tho goal toward which it is moving, and tho road
by which it must travel. It is now just
a mattor of timo,
Ono of tho most significant features
in the British movement Ib tho oponing
of tho ranks to all workers, whother
workers by hand or workors by brain.
Thus Labor has at onco broken away
from the old trades union limitations,
and has escaped the weaknesses of
those economic schools which restrict
tho clear "producors" to manual laborers.
Some of the roddest of tho "Rods"
have condemned tho report as "sloppy
—a programme of reform rathor than
a revolutionary appeal Undoubtedly,
tb-e form is not stu.il as will appca1 to
doctiamairo Socul.i-.tH, ind tho m-.OnilH
advocated are jieitcolul and constitutional. But tho document is anything
but sloppy, and tho programmo most
thorough-going.
"Wo need to beware of patchwork.
Tho view of the Labor Party is that
what has to bo reconstructed aftor the
war is not this or that governmont department, or this or that piece of social
machinery, but so far as Britain is concerned, society itsolf.
"Wo muBt insure that what iB presently to bo built up is a now social
ordor, based uot on fighting, but on fraternity—not on tho competitive strugglo for thc means of bare lifo, but on
a deliberately planned co-operation in
production and distribution for thc
benefit of all who participate by hand
or by brain.
"What 1 ho Labor Party looks to is a
genuinely  scientific  reorganization of
For every opportunity
s
given us to serve you in trie past
will? Twin Bute Overalls and Work
Sfyrts accept our t}earty tfyanks
AND to this let us add our cordial good wishes for a Happy and
Prosperous "Nineteen-nineteen." The New Year is bright
with promise. And that you will realize your every expectation
is the wish of our staff and ourselves.
Every TWIN BOTE Bar-
meat contalna' tlio Union
ind tke TWIN BUTE
Label! tar -four protactton.
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Makers of TWIN BUTE Work Garments
Vancouver, B. C.
"THE WORKING OLASS" j
Horc's a pledge to you, my brother,      !
A pledge and a comrade's hand;
By the roads wo've built for the masters,
By the rivers we hnvo spanned;
By the forgo of our foundry prison
Whoro flesh is as cheap as grass,
My heart and my hand forever
For my own—The Working ClasB.
By tho hungry seas we've conquered
And strewn with our sailor dead;
By the land we huve bathed in life-
blood,
And tbat lifo-blood rich and red;
By tho easo wo'vo brought our mas-
tern;
By tho loads 'neath which wo groan,
My heart and my hnnd forever,
For tho Working Class—my own.
By tho day "when the strife is ovor
And .tho worker comes to his own;
By the dawn of tho glad tomorrow,
When wo reap whut wo havo sown,
When tho last of tho slaves shall bo
froe-meu,
And tho last of the masters pass—
My hoart and my hand forever,
For my own—the Working Class.
tho nation's industry, no longer deflected by individual profiteering, on tho
basis of tho common ownership of tho
menns of production."
Most Socinlist manifestos analyze
the existing system and then proceed
Jo prophecy tho revolution that will
usher tu the new social order. Tho Labor Party's roport says very littlo
about theories, but Eunglish-HKo, at
onco gets down to business and asks
two questions: First, what do wo wantt
Second, how aro we to get itf
What do wo wantf Again, English-
like, instead of demanding tho wholo
loaf and then gratefully accepting a
slice, tho report modestly asks for a
slice, and thon proceeds to eat tho
whole loaf.
Wo want decent food, clothing, and
shelter for all—tho universal enforcement of a national minimum. That
scorns reasonable even to tho conservative publio, but tho public shrinks back
a bit when it is seen that this involves
at once say a million new houses, that
it involves finding steady work for all
at good wages, that it involves maternity benefits, and old age pensions and
insurance against sickness, accident and
unemployment.
We want education, leisure, recreation not for a fow privileged folk, but
for all tho poople.
"Tho greatly incroasod publie provision that the Labor Party will insist on
being mnde for scientific investigation
and original research in every branch
of knowledge, not to say also for tho
promotion of music, literature and fine
arts, which havo boon under capitalism
so greatly neglected."
Ah, hero the conservative publie part
company with us, but Labor is juat getting its second wind.
Wo want the democratic control of
industry. "Tho Labor Party insists on
democracy in industry, as well as in
government. It demands the progressive elimination from tho control of industry of tho privato capitalist, individual or joint stock, and the setting free
of all who work, whether by hand or
by brain, for tho sorvico of tho community ,and of tho community only."
"Our main pillar of the houso that
tho Labor Party intends to build is tho
future appropriation of tho surplus, not
to tho enlargement of any individual
fortuno, but to tho common good."
All this involves no mere "reforms,"
but rather a completo economic and
social revolution. This becomo clearer
whon wo ask tho socond question:
"How are we to got what wo waqtf"
Good hours, good wagos, loisuro, education, opportunities for all, socialization of industries, surplus revenues—
how are wo to securo all those things!
The Labor Party docs not suggest confiscation but in tho long run it very
effectively confiscates privato capital.
Two sources of rovenue are available,
i.e., largo incomes and' great estates.
An incomo tax should exempt amall
incomes entirely, then by a steeply-
graded rise should climb from ono
shilling to aay niueteon shillings in the
pound. If a man must have tho incentive of privato gain, lot him "go
to it" and mako his missions. But
remember the state takes back say
ninoteen-twentioths in taxes. Then our
inheritance taxes havo hitherto been
based on the principlo that a dead hand
could control tho future. The now
prineiploanust bo "naked a man comoB
into tho world and naked ho leavos It."
Above a modoet allowance for his family, a man's estate on his death bo-
comes automatically the property of
the state. A few respectable funerals
and private capitalism will bo a.thing
of tho pust I
All this is pcrfoctly constitutional
aud according to law and ordor but,
wo submit, it is by no means "sloppy."
It may tako a fow years to work out,;
but when it's dono it's dono for good.
Somotiines in tho reconstruction of a
largo hotol or storo, it is necessary to
contiuuo to do businoss on the premises. The now building is designed
without reference to the old; broad,
deep foundations aro laid; tho walls
rise steadily skyward; great arches are
constructed, beautiful rooms are finished now in this part of the building
and again in that. All the timo in
spite of building activities and scaffolding, the old business goes steadily
on. The old roof is not removed till
the new roof is completed. Something
nfter this fashion the Labor Party
seeks to reconstruct Bociety. Tho new
must not bo limited by tho old, but
thero must be no unnecessary dislocation of trade, no suffering for the
poople while the transition from the old
to the now is being made.
In its reconstruction proposals, tho
Labor Party is not unmindful of our
international relations. "Wo look for
an over-increasing intercourse, a constantly dovoloping oxchange of commodities, a continually expanding friond-
ly co-oporation among all peoples of
tho world."
"Wo disavow and disclaim any do-
sire or intention to dispossess or to Impoverish any other stato or nation. Wo
sook no incrcaso of torritory. Wo disclaim all idea of 'economic war'. . . .
Wo bolieve that nations are in no way
damagod by each others oconomic prosperity or commorcial progress; but onj
thc contrary that thoy aro actually
themselves enriched thereby."
"The world has suffered too much
from war for tho Labor Pnrty to havo
any other policy than that of lasting
peace.'' s
At tho great Albort Hall mooting
November 14 one of tho songs was tho
Rod Flag.   Tho second stanza goes:
Look round--the Frenchman loves its
blnzo;
The sturdy Herman chantB its praise;
In Moscow's vaults its hymns nro aung,
Chicago Bwclls tbe surging throng.
Who says tho International is dead?
LAST SUNDAY AI
Resolutions on Censorship
and   Intervention  in
Bussia Passed
Trades and Labor Council
Upholds Its Records for
Orderly Meetings
Pursuant to a docision of tho Vancouvor Tradea and Labor Council at
the last meeting, a big mass mooting wns held In the Empress Theatre on
Sunday afternoon, to demand tho abolition of the censorship ,and to protest
unequivocally agains intervention in
Russia. Prosldent E. Winch presidod;
and, as thero had boen somo tnlk of an
attempt being contomplntod to thwart
tho object of tho moeting, ho quiotly intimated, to any whom it might concorn,
that arrangements had been made to
moot any such situation aa might nriso.
At the same timo, he doclared his inability to soo from what quarter Buch
hostility wns to bo oxpectod; and as it
turna/1 out, any apprehensions on this
score proved to bo unnecessary. Tho
theutre was crowded upstairs and
down; tho speakers woro honrd without
interruption and enthusiastically 'Applauded; and the resolutions condemning tho censorship and intervention in
Russin, were pnssed by loud acclamation without a dissentient voice.
Following the chairman's romarks,
A. S. Wells held tho platform for a
short timo, pointing out thnt tho censorship was at present especially directed against tho dissemination of
news as to the actual happenings in
Russia, tho new domocracy; real know-
lodgo of facts was suppressed in ordor
that tho damnatory stone's with respect
to tho Bolshoviki might not bo shown
to bo untrue. Ho nsked if tho war had
not boon fought so that nations could
detcrnrino their own destiniest "If
there is reason for intervention in Russia, we want to know it; and if there
isn't, wo want to know it—and we're
going to know it." (Loud applause)
A press was wanted that would give
tho truth with regard to every part of
tho world. For the benefit of tho roturned soldiers, he mentioned thnt even
their lottcrs, voicing thoir complaints,
had boen tho subject of censorship.
Tho chairman made a brief reference
to tho local Laundry Workers etrlke,
which had now boen going on for several months, and Baid it was a blggor
thing than appoared on tho surface It
was, in fact, a fight of the organized
employers behind tho laundry owners,
againBt organizod labor behind tho
Laundry Workers, One of the strikers
had been ponalized for being a striker;
ho had been sentenced to a prison term
1 for a crimo thero was absoluto knowledge he did not commit. It was intended to appeal against this conviction, but they needed monoy. 'If you
haven't .tho monoy, you enn't get justico," ho said; at which thore was some
sarcastic laughter. "If wo ean't got
justice'any other wny," ho continued,
"wo're going to buy it—until such
timo as we control tho courts." (Applause) Then, they would get justico,
and wouldn't havo to buy it.
W. A. Pritchard said thoy wero there
to discuss whether or not they wore to
bo told by individuals who did not
know anything, what thoy should road
or writo or think. Owing to forcce
which tho employing class did not even
yet understand, thoy had been obliged
to givo a measure of education to their
Blaves; now, in tho days of thoir deca-
denco, thoy wanted to put tho clock
back. Tbey now looked with anxiety
on a revolution which thoy themselves
had precipitated. The complicated machinery of socioty had passed out of
the hands of the master class; only the
workers could understand its operation.
The masters now wanted to tell thom
that all thoy could read was such as thc
output of George McManus and tho
comic section- of tho World. The ban
was placed on Marx and Morgan and
Paul Lafarquo, and ovon on Mark
Twain and Plato. They imagined Plato
"somo whiskered individual strolling
nround Moscow and spitting fire out botwoon his toeth." (Laughter); whilo
Huckleberry Finn waB a Finlnnder—
"flrat cousin to the phantom they wero
chasing round Pitt Meadows flats."
(Renewed laughter). A socinl Hystem
was going to collapse; and the ruling
cIusb, trying to savo itself, wus doing
just tho wrong thing at exactly thc
right timo.
Aftor briefly alluding to "tho Czar
and his delightful Mario Antoinette,"
the spoakor roforred to tho "pure Democrat Kerensky, who went up liko a
rocket and camo down liko a atick,"
discredited by both classes. Tho "brutal truth" of intervention ho culled
from tho London Morning Post, which
pointod out thnt "more than half the
material woalth of this planet lies under tho soil of Russia, or Is growing on
it." Such wealth, tho papor continued,
the impoverished world could not afford
to ignore. It was useless to the Russians. (Laughter); it was not for tho
Huns. The task of exploiting it was
ono which England alono could satisfactorily porform.
In contrast with tho lofty pretensions
of tho Allied governments as to the
smashing of militarism and autocracy,
the speaker declared that autocracy existed in Britain, whoro workors were
forbidden to movo fivo miles from a
given Bpot; and also from the Atlantic
coast to the Pacific slope, not excepting that land of tho freo which "wont
into a flght for domocracy, 2% years
after tho fight for democracy started."
(Laugh tor.)
Tho brains in tho world today woro
not in tho Cecil family, nor under tho
hats of Benar Law and Lloyd Goorge;
thoy wore collective brains. Tho particular brand of that commodity exhibited in tho working of the censorship
was somewhat sarcastically pointod out
by tho speaker, in connection with tho
local organ of the Socinlist purty. In
conclusion, ho declared, "Wo will Bay
what wo like, we will think what we
l:ko, and wc will write what we liko, in
our own intorestB ,and loavo it to tho
good sense of tho working class."
E. T. Kingsley was tho concluding
speaker, and ho handed it out in his
usual Inimitable stylo. "I have tho utmost respect for tho censorship," he
said. "So much so that I absolutely
(Continued on page 7)
You will not
be "soaked"
_ So many people neglect
thoir eyes even when they
know they should have
them attended to—when
they know they ihould be
wearing glasses — been one
thoy are afraid they will
be overcharged—and because of the uncertainty -bf
the cost.
_\ I want any of yon anion
men who feel that you
may require glaieee—you
or yonr wire*—to eome ln
and let me examine yoar
eyes. Let me tell you what
li wrong—If aaything—
wbat it will eost to give
you glaiMi that will make
iteing aad living more
comfortable.
_ Uy optical service it the
most efficient and the mott
reaionablt on the eonat.
Uftum IMS
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
MS OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Dryadalo'e
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL— UEETH
tint end third TknmcUyi. EiMOtJ?*
board: Prttiidenl, S. Wlnefc; Tioc-pr«tl
dent, J. K»v-ftn-s(li; saeratsrj tnd baalDMi
tf-»nt, V. B. Milliter; t re.ua rer, f. K aim lei;
-largeant-at-anui, J. t. Fvola; traittaa, J
U. IfcVtty, J. Habble, A. J. Crawford, W
A.  Pritchard.
ALLIED   PKlWTlN-fl   TRAOBB   GOUMJIl,-
llaata leeond Monday ia tha month. Proai
Asnt,  Geo.   Bart lay;   aeeratarr,   R.  H.   Nw
landa,  P.O.   ftnt  M*
JOURNEYMEN BARBIitU ftO'KKNi
tloaal Union of America, Loeal Mo. 120—
Meata ••toad aid fourth Tuaadaja In tha
month, Boom 2U6, Labor Tampla. Praaldant,
C. B. Herrltt; saeraUrr, 8. H. Grant, 830
Cambla Street.
BBOTHEBHOOD OF CABPENTEBB, LOCAL
Mo. til—Maata every aeaoad and fonrth
Monday aranlng, 8 o'clock, Labor Tampla
Praaldant, 11. McKemle; Inanelal aeoretary
(}. Thom, • Dufferln Street Eaat; recording
aeeretary, J. B. Campbell; bulneaa agent,
Walter Thomaa, Boom 801 Labor Tampla
Phona Say. 7416
BBOTHEBHOOD Of BOILER MAK3CR8
and Iron Skip Builder* and Helpera af
America, Vaaaonvar Lodge No. 104—MeaU
•Tary Monday, I p.m. Prealdenl, M. A. Ma
Eackcrn, 1246 Alberni St.; eaaraUry-treaa
nrer, Anfna fraaer, llfil Bewe Bt.; buin-m
eg-»Pt. L. Cnmmlna, Boom 818 Labor Tempi*
HOTEL AND BEHTAUBAJ-J'f EMPLUYBEb
Loa) 98—Meata erery firat Wedneaday Id
the month at 3.80 p.m, and every third
Wedneaday la tba montk at 0.80 p.m. Preai*
dent, Harry Wood; aeoretary and hnalnen
agent, W. Maekeniie, Room 300 Labor Two
pie. Phona Bey. 1*81. Ofleo konra: 11 to
13 noon; 8 to 6 p.m.
INTEBNATIONAL UNION OF BTEAM AND
Operating Englneera, Local No. 830—
Meeta arary Monday, 7.10 p.m., Labor
Temple. Preildent, J. B. Flynn, 110 Moodl-
■traet, New Weitmlmter; nea-praal4«nt, D
Hodgei; aeeretary-trttaiarer and bnilteii
agent, W. A. AUiander, Boom 210, Labor
IVinpIe.    Phone Say- T405.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL NO. 31U
—Meata In Boom 305, Labor Temple,
erery Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W
MeDougall, 1103 Powell Street; recording
iecretary, W. Fonlkea, Labor Tampla; flnan
olal iecretary and bnilneaa agent, E. H.
Morriion, Room 207, Labor Temple; nseict
ant aeeretary, F. R. Biirrowa.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8862—Ofloa aad hall, 804
Pender Street Wait. Meeta firat and third
Fridays 8 p.m. Beeretary-treaaarer, G.
Thomaa; buiineu agent, A. Hill. 	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AHlf
Butcher Workmen'■ Union, No. 648—-Meet*
flrat and third Taeadaye of each month
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. Praaldant, Chaa. P
Hugglna; reeordlng aeeretary, J. Bnmmera;
(inanelal aeeralary tnd tmalnm agent, T. W-
Andorton, -887 Homer atreat.
PATTEBN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vaneonrer and ricinity)—-
Branoh meeta aecond and fourth Mondaya,
Room 204, Labor Temple. Prealdenl, J.
Banforth, Euclid At«„ Colllngwood Eaat:
finanoial aeeretary and buiineu agent, R. B
Nightacalea, 276—58th Ave Eaat, Booth Van
couver; neordlng aeoretary, E. Weitniore-
land, 6247 Point Grey road. Phone Bay-
view 2070L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Faitcnera, I.L.A., Local Union S6A, Berk*
6—Meeta the 2nd and 4th Fridaya of thr
month, Labor Temple, tt p.m. Praaideat. J.
N. Boult; financial aeerelarr, M. A. Phelpa;
bnaineai agent and correipondlng acert-tary.
W. Lee. Offlce, Boom 319-330, Labor
Temple.	
STREET AND ELEOTK1U RAILWAY EM
ployeea, Pioneer Dlvlalun, No. 101—Meeti
Labor Temple, aecood and fonrth Wednea
daya at 8 p.m. Pmldent, W. H. Cottrell;
treaiurer, t. B. Cleveland; recording aeere
tary ,A. V. Lofting, 2661 Trinity itroet,
Phone High. 168B; finanoial aeeretary ano
bualneaa agent, Frvd. A. Hoover, 2400 Clarl
drive, office eornar Prior aad Main atreeta
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
firat Monday In each montb, 8 p.m. Preii*
dent, A. R. Gatenby; vice-preildent, W. Larson ; reoording aeeretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 603; flnanolal aeeretary, T, Wood, P. 0.
Box 503.   	
GENERAL TEAMBTERS AND CHAUF-
fours Union, Local No. 666—Meeta every
2nd and 4th Wedneidayi 8 p.m. Preildent,
W. M. Brows; bualneaa agent, F. Haslett,
125—16th Ave Eait; pbone Fair. 3100X.
Financial secretary, Blrt Showier, 1120
Robson St.; phono Sey, 6679. Offlee, 587
Homer Btreet.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 236—Meeti
last Sunday of eaeh moatb at 2 p.m. Preaident, B. Marshall; vice-preiident. W. H
Jordan; aocrotary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands.
Box 68.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB—Meeta In
annual eonvention In January. Executive
offloera, 1918*10: Prealdenl, Dnncan McCallum, Labor Tampla, Vaneouvar; viee-preel
dents—Vaneonver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vaneoaver, E
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Wastmlnster, P.
Peebles; Wait Kootenay, Marcui Martin.
Nelson; Orowi.Neit Paai, W. A. Sherman,
Fornla. Seeretary-treaiurer, A. 8. Walla,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunamulr atreat, Van*
eoifw. B. U.        _______________ '
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TR&DES AMU
Labor Council—Meets flnt and third Wednesday!, Knlghti of Pytklai Hall, Nortl.
Park street, at 8 p.m. Prealdenl, B. Simmons; vlee-breildent, T. Dooley: iecretary
treaiurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Boi 802.
Vietoria, B. 0.
SOUTH WELLINOTO*. V. I.
LOOAL UNION, No. 873. U. M. W. of A.--
Mfcli flnt Bunday In every month I p.m..
RIekardi Hall. President, Jaa, Batnman
vice-president, Andrew Parkor; reoerdlafc
Aeeretary, Jas. Fearon; financial aenetir^
William MaoDonald; treaiurer. J. H. Rich
srdaon.
PRWCB  BUPBRT.  B.  0.
prince rcFeiVt TRADES AMD LABOH
Connell—Meeta aeeond and fonrth Titer
days of eaeh month. In Carpenters' knl>
President, S. D. MsedooaM; secretary, W, E
Tkompson, Box 273, Prinoe Rnpert, B, 0.
Blouse Sale
NEW, PRETTY, STYLISH
Very Cheap
These are all new thingi—
not odds and ends, nor are
they blouses that have been
offered cheap by the maker.
This sale is our regular Fall
stock. We have a tremendous stock, and to be sure it is
down to normal by January
-1st, wo are quite willing to
sacrifice them now when
they aro most saleable.
$6.00 BLOUSES, $3.98
Heavy Crepe de Chine or
Habutai Silk Blouses, many
different designs, high neck,
V neck or round neck; some
havo wide collars; others
have almost no collar at all;
all colors. Regular to $6.00,
for ?3.98
Saba Bros.
Limited
Vhe Silk Specialists
66! GRANVILLE STREET
Excelsior Laundry
Limited
554-556 Richards Street
Vancouver
Drop Calls can be made
after hours
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
I*dur Ban! Btgs a Specialty
AIX Kind, of Higb Orade
Ti»elUng Ooods
Sit QBANVTLLB STREET
Pkone Se-f.J!lU   Vancouver, B.O.
,      PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
-TWBLVB XBW TABLES—
(Bnu.wUk-B.lk. OollHnriur Oo.)
—B.kdqn&rtar. tor Union M.n—
Union-mid.    Tobkceoi.    Olfui    all
01(.r.M«>
Only WUt. H.lp Employ.!
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 HiatUvi Itreet Wert
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENORAV*
nro COMPANY
Limine    -
rtOTO EKOEAVEIIS — COMMEROUL
ARTISTS
Pbon. Soymaur Ties
tUtt Floor World Building
VAXOODVEB. B. 0.
—Tfc. only Union Shop In VnnoooYor—
CENTER & HANNA, lid.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
10*19 OBOKCUA MHEET
One Block wut of Court Homo.
TJet ot Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patroni.
Telephone •eymour MM
■tfelte frecjhobbaexo.
Patronlte   I'oderationisl   advertiser! |
and toll then why you do ao. OmOIAL    PAPBB    TA»00»VBt
TBADBI   UTO   LABOB   OOTOOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmoiAIi  PATBB   limn  fOtr
okbu riMKAnoat or labob
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 1
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3,1919
Unionism Stands for
QUALITY
_ If unionism means anything to the consumer, it
means quality. It represents the highest standards of -workmanship. And fit is but natural
that the union workman demands quality both in
material and craftsmanship. In dental work,
which bears a more intimate relationship to the
individual than any other manufactured product,
being literally in one's mouth, quality is most
essential. "Cheap" dentistry is an abomination.
If your own teetli have decayed and some or all
of them arc missing, you should havo them re-
placed by a dentist who guarantees quality and
who is in sympathy with the union ideal.
IJ Tho highest pnid skilled work-
m&ah.p—:tho very fliiest of materials—tho nioxt ri'nst'ii'ililo
prices.   Thoso I guarautco you.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Flnt Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
The Drug Stores of Service
Six fully-stocked stores—there's onc in the central section
of every district of the city—where you'll find just what you
want when you want it, and as you want it—and at a right
price.
Oct acquainted with Vancouver Drug Store Service—it's
prompt—it's reliable—it's courteous.    We're always "At
Yout Service."
DRUG SPECIALS-FRIDAY AND SATURDAY
.50 Thurmogone „ S7
.26 Aspirin Tablets (1 dot.) 13'
.00 J'epKodent  43
$1.00 Nux»ii-.l  Iron   85
.60 Pink IMIli  33
(1.00 lli-iil'h  m.iml   I'urillt-r 75
.60 Kruil-n-tivas   35
.25 Nature's K.-meily TabletB..    .17
.60 M*■iiiliulitt.im       .33
.BO Cliane'e Ointment  -...    .-13
.26 Dontlne  Tuotli  1'iinto 17
.50 Meimun's Sluring Crenni..    .33
$1.50 Hcott'n Emulsion  $1.10
.15 Palm OlJvu Snap     .10
,60 EiimlsifM  Cu run n ut Oil 38
$1.00 KoliTi   Syrup   of   Hypo-
phosphite 72
,B5 Mcnnen's Tooth Piste 23
.25 Hi-ill's Witch Hazel Cream    .18
.60 Hind's Cream  43
War Tax Extra wlior* Keqnirtd
wonderful  tonic—body  builder---good
Penilar'i Ood Liver Oil Compound—a
When rocovfi'ini; from the flu—$1.00.
field's Menthol Ointment—An invaluable remedy for ovory home—soothing—
healing—curative—20c and 35c.
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIM STOBE:
.05 tlnstlnss Stuot Wost FhoMl Sey. 1906 ud 1966
BBAN0H STORES:
7 Hutlngi Street West Sermonr 3532
782 Gr.nvlll. Street Seymour 7013
Cor. Gnmvllle and Broftdwiy Bay 231*1 and 1744*0
412 Ham Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 and 1733-0
A Word to the Wise
Now la tlio time to prcpuro for tlio oold weather.   We have tho goods
you nood.   Como and look at tbem.
SWEATER COATS FOR LADIES, MEN OR BOYS.   Suite nnd Ovor-
coats for men and boyi.
Dressing Robca, Houso Conts, Gloves (wool or Bilk-lined), Mufflers, Hand*
kerehiofn, Neckwear (eilk br poplin),
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
BOYS- ANO MEN'S OLOTniNO *■
309-315 HASTINOS STREET WEST UNION STORE
Freeh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Punts, Jr*
namental asd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN   .
2—8TOBE8—2
U Hastings Street East, Sey. 088*672 — 788 Oranvllle Street, aty. 9511
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for una yssj's iobierlj-Ucn to T-k-x H.
0. FfldertttonUt, **W ht nulled to any addreu Ib Ca.ni<lfc for UU.51. (Oood anyvher*
oiiUidt of Vineotmr city.) Order UB today.    1'mnlt wkon told.
T. B. HILL
CLEARING UP SOME ODD LINES
This is "House Cleaning Time" with us and the
following prices show that we intend to make a
thorough job of it;
We have about 100 Boys Suits—odd lines—values tu $12.50.
Cloau-up price  $6,85
75 Suits, values to $14.00, at $8.85
75 Suits, values to $17.50, at $13.50
100  Men's  Suits—odd   lines—values  to   $27.50.    Clean-up
prico $18.85
Throe dozen grey   heavy   Jumbo   Wool   Sweaters;   regular
$12.50, at $8.85
Men's Work Gloves—horsehide and pigskin; reg. $2.50..$1.95
Men's Horsehide Gloves; reg. $2.00, at $1.35
Men's Mule Gloves; reg. $1.00, at 50£
Men's Heavy Rib Underwear; reg. $2, clean-up pi*ice....$1.25
The above are real bargains. ,
T.B.HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
IHE RULING M
New Department Formed to
Deal With Workers'
Organization
But  Labor  Will  Take  a
Hand When It Is
Necessary
[By Gordon Orey]
Workers in Canada arc fast awakening to tho fact that the persecution of
toilers who stand for working class control of what tho workera produce, is a
class persecution.
Publications representing tho capitalist class admit it.
Tins Cnnndinn press dispatch appeared in various Canadian newspapers on
Oct. 11, lfllS:
"Ottawa, Oct. 10.—C. H. Cahan, K.
C, of Montreal, tho recently appointed
director of public safoty, who wus in
the capital today, issued a statement
indicating the purposo for which tho
new department haa been created, and
the field wliich it will cover.   He says:.
" 'About five months ago Sir Robert
Borden requested me to make n careful
investigation, among other things, into
tho activities of certain emissaries of
tho Bolshoviki operating in certain industrial centres in Canada, concerning
which more or less vugue reports had
como to tho knowledge of the government. . . . Revolutionary associations havo boon formed in nt least
twenty industrial centrea throughout
Canada, and these aro now carrying on
u very active propaganda.
" 'Having carefully investigated tho
matter at thc request of tho government, I hnvo now also been asked by
tho minister of Justico to organizo a
branch of the department of Justice,
which, in co-operation with tho chief
commissioner of police, nnd the various
departments and ngencios of tho governmont, will bo chnrged with tho duty
of enforcing the existing laws for suppressing such agitators and for extirpating their pernicious propaganda for
publications. I huve acceded to tho request temporarily, and later, if tho necessity is then apparent, a moro permanent organization will bo effected by
tho department of Justice.1 "'
Who is Mr. Cahan 1
Tho Financial Post of Cannda, a Toronto publicntion, describes itsolf as "a
weekly newspnper, presenting in popular manner reliable information respecting investments and financial affairs in
Canada." In its issue for Oct. 12, 1918,
it snys:
"Charles Hnzlitt Cahan, K. C, whoso
name has been associated witli tho government's proposul to nppointe a diroc-'
for of public safety, is ono of tho rather extensivo group of easterners who
has taken a prominent place in tho
country's financial and industrial af-
airs.
"Not ouly is ho president of tho
Westom Canada Flour Company, nnd
of the Corporation Agencies, but ho baa
been connected in a prominent way and
particularly in the promotion stage
with a number of other important en-
torprincs.
"Recently he has been devoting himself to thc affairs of tho Canadian Car
nnd Foundry Co. in connection with
legal and financial details relativo to
the company's foreign war orders, and
particularly thoso of Russin, whicli
wero seriously complicated by tho upheaval in internal politics."
Tho Bolsheviki repudiated orders
placed with tho Cnnndinn Car nnd
Foundry Co. and other concerns by tho
Cznr and his ruling class. Cahan stood
to lose by the growth of the Bolshoviki.
Cahan is a personal friend of Sir
Robert oBrdon, promier of Canada.
They were friends in their nativo province, Nova Scotia, long boforu Cuban
movod to Montreal and Borden to Ottawn.
In May or June, nccording to Cnhun 's
own statement, "Sir Robert Borden invited mo to mako a careful investigation" into activities of thoso who opposed rule of industry by tho shirkers
of industry. Canada/s premier, who is
supposed to reprosent all tho people of
Canada, appointed a man prominent in
"financinl and industrial nffairs," a
man interested in boosting tho stock of
steel and flour compnnies ,a man who
was a boomer of various plans to reap
dividends for compnny shareholders in
"important enterprises" in thoir "promotion stage," to investigate organizations of the working class. Ho "acceded to the roquost temporarily'' of
suppressing such agitators and for extirpating thoir pernicious propaganda
and publications."
In other words, tho department of
Justico of Canada has boeu uaed to
suppress those who try to orgunizo thn
worker JJiat thoy may get what thoy
produce.
Tho Financial Post of Canada certainly is not, opposed to Cahan and hw
like. It ib published to guido those who
speculate in stocks, gamble on that
which labor produced, but did not get.
Solidarity of Canada's toilers, particularly in her western provinces, has
forced the ruling powers to make certnin changes in their programmo of
suppression of labor. Still greater solidarity Mill force more ','strategic retreats" by labor's enemy.
Tho Financial Post of Canada, in an
editorial in its issue for Doc. 21, 1918,
under the heading of ".Discouraging
Big Men nt Ottnwo," says:
"There nre still some men in the
governmont who ought to desert their
country for their country's good. They
are, us it happens, meu of grent personal charm, and exceedingly popular
us private individuals; but they lack
punch, Tho very word would be abhorrent to them. Their attitude tends to
scare off lho very typo of men the
country needs to come to its help.
"A week or two ago reference was
made to the fact tlmt F. B. McCurdy
had resigned because ho could get nothing accomplished. During tho week
another incident of the snmfl kind hns
happened.   Sir Robert Bordon cnlled in
The great tragedy of tho ages, whichf *
art, litoraturo and religion havo touched their highest points in symbolizing,
iB tho crucifixion of labor. Tho tragedy iB older than written history or the
talcs thnt run back into tho twilight of
the raco. When history was scratched
upon uncrushed bones in Neanderthal
caves, or cut into tho rocks of Egypt,
labor was oven then nailed to the cross
of enslaved and exploited toil. ThiH ia
onc great basic fact in tho lifo of tho
raco. Know this and all it moaiiB and
you know all that is worth whilo in
history. Only in so far as this fact Is
graspod aud reckoned with doea tho
chaos of ovents, past and present, resolve into ordor.
Tho kings and emperors and generations of he titled parasites, quarrelling
and driving their slaves to buttle, overturned, enthroned, killed, lifted up, or
loused aside by tho rolling waves of
real events, nro but the comedy, the
tinsel deckings and trappings on tho
edge of real history.
The groat, terrible truth through all
the days since class rulo began has
been that those who fed nnd clothed
and housed the people of the enrth, and
boro upon their backs tho galling lond
of painted baubles whoso glittorings
history recounts, have alwaya been
robbed of tho fruits of their toil.
(ht ?hmw\
\ Otty. HM )
$1.60 PER YEAB
THE CRUCIFICATION o/ LABOR
woro invented for thoso who committed
the unpardonable ain—rebellion againat
cluss rule. Law and morality and justice wcro for the rulers alone. Boyond
the lino that divided the robber caste
from tho workers there waB no law the
master noed obsorvo.
It is this great cosmic fact that made
thc story of Golgotha of such universal
appeal, The cross wus tho particular
instrument of torture reserved for tho
execution of tho slave. No patrician
ever endured its horror. Only thc
limbs that toiled wore nailed to its
outBtrctched arms.
When tho great Labor Agitator
scourged tho money-changers from tho
Templo and expiated his revolt ngainst
tho rulors of hiB timo with hia lifo
upon this Bymbol of human slavery,
thero was something in tho event ao
marvellously symbolical of this ago-
long crucifixion of tho workors that its
significance was seized by tho toilers
of his timo and tho cross becamo the
badge of these "common people" who
had heard Him gladly when He eame
to preach deliveranco.
Man's Entry Into Slavery   .
In tho brick yards of Bubylon, as in
tho steel mills of Gnry, workora builded palaces into which they could nqver
enter, created boundless wealth they
could nover onjoy.
The fall of man came when class rulo
entured into tho earth. Theu .was man
driven out of tho savago Garden of
Eden, whero, overy man's product,
small though it might be, was his own
to enjoy. I« tho folk talcs of tho raco
this timo when man and woman stood
togothor in tribe and clan and fought
the hard fight with naturo, has beon
always looked back to as a Golden Ago.
Then, when a few of nature's secrets
had boon sought out, and it was possible to wrest from wnter and soil more
thau enough to sustain lifo, thero arose
a class that took away this addod fruit
of hand und brain.
Then camo tho ain of robbery nnd
human bravery into tho world. Then
was thut primal curso laid upon tho
workers: Another shull livo by tho
sweat of thy brow. Thon wcro the
workers driven into thaf outer darkness of povorty and misery and ignorance, where they have tlwelt even unto
this day, while their labor furnishes,
luxury an-3 happiness and culture for
tho idlo oppressors.
The Pity of It
Labor has had no timo to writo its
chronicles. Books hnve been dictated
by thoso who havo fed from tho idlo'
hands of rulers. So thoso wero written
to glorify tho idlo and tho useless.
Iu tho books tho spoil was all; tho
toil was nothing. A robber's fight for
plunder becamo a glorious war,
thieves' supper to divido thc loot wns
u conferonco of mighty statesmen. The
highest honors went to those who could
longest rido tho bent backs of toiling
slaves. Thoso became rulers by divine
right.
But -it is written that "Tho seed of
womnn shall bruiso the hend of tho serpent," and out of tho toil and torturo
and age-long crucifixion of labor was
drawn tho philosophy, tho literature,
nnd tho forco-that shall froo tho race.
Whon labor chained ateam and electricity to ginnt nrms of steel ho could
not build and lend tboso complicated
creations without somo measure of the
divine spark of learning that had hitherto been so carefully guarded. But a
thinking bIuvo Ib a contradiction which
cunnot enduro.
The Unpardonable Sin
Blavo revolts nro no now thing.
Whispers of them havo crept down
through the custc-writton chronicles we
call history, and no pages of these
chronicles arc so bloody ns those thnt
tell how tho masters of the brend
scourged rebellious workers bnck
to their tusks.
Now and peculiar forms of   torturo
A Now Resurrection at Hand
Always as lubor has hung upon tho
cross of slavery ho has caught
glimpses of a froodom that might bo.
Onco that vision was tho Golden Age
behind him, thon for ages moro the
vision was dim, its otlines distorted by
ignorance and agony. But each succeeding oon of pnin brought new capacity to draw strength from that very
ngony. Each desperate struggle that
loosened tho bondB ever so little
brought opportunity moro 'clearly to
search out the roud thut loads to tho
kingdom of liborty.
Today tho vision is clear, the way is
charted, the unconquerable strength
that is born of numbers united in bonds
of brotherhood is ready to achieve thut
liberty.
Tho old body of Labor that knew
only suffering and misory nud slavery
and crucifixion ia dying. Tho new
spirit of rebellion and solidarity and
brotherhood and 'freedom is arising.
Tho raco is lifting to a new resurrection when tho old earth and tho old hell
shall pass awuy and a new earth shall
bo born.—H. M. Simons.
Bakers Win Strike
Akron, Ohio—Orgunized 'bnkers hnvo
won thoir Btriko for improved working
conditions.
THERE IS BOMB TALK
ABOUT THE—
EMBARGO
on Australian woollens being re*
moved, but that does not mean
that woollens are going to bo
cheaper or more plentiful yet awhile. Every
factory and tailoring house is shy on. material
—we wonld have been bnt that we bonght
early and big. That is why wo can givo you
quality that no other house can, and at the
same time supply you with
SUITS
for men and women alike at prices far below
what others can. Our name and reputation
is such that wo will not handle tho shoddy
(10 per cont. cotton fabrics many tailors nro
foisting upon you as genuine all-wool goods.
Wo never hnve handled any but highest grade
goods, nor done anything but beet work, and
wo aro not going to niter our style of business after ton yoars successful trading, giving
fullest satisfaction to many, many thousands
of customers,
SUITS
For WOMEN,
$45 Up
the B. C. TAILORING CO.
Custom Tailors fo the Working Man
NEAB   THEATBE    BOYAL
     (Old Pantages)     	
Don't Want to Be Examined
London, England—Trado unionists
fear that tho proposed bill to establish
a ministry of health, which will bo acted upon by the next parliament, will
include compulsory medical oxnminn*
tion. Tho Labor correspondent of Roy
nold's Newspaper, makes this comment:
'' It appears taht tho chief modical commissioner of national servico suggested
this somo whoro, aud naturally it caused n great shock amongst thoso who
noliccd it. A policy of this kind is ro-
pugunnt to tho entire British tradition
nnd character. I fee] sure thnt the
government will never bo so foolish as
to adopt such a policy, especially in
viow of tho trend of events in Europo."
THS REMARKABLE
CAREER OF A SOCIAUST
Once Sneered at by All Is Now the
Minister of Finance for
Sweden
Forty-thrco years ago tho services of
Sweden's new finance minister, F. V.
Thorsson, wore sold by tho community
ut  public auction to a peasant in tho
village of Koopingo.   Tho farmor made
(he nine-your-old   orphun   a   cowherd.
After his bondage tho future Socinlist
leader and finance    ministor   learned
cobbling, wandered from town to town
and living n proletarian's life.
His youthful wanderings over, he
established himself at Ystud as a master cobbler, but Ystad declared him "a
dangerous enomy to society."
In 1891, when ho acted the part of
tho clergyman in the amateur performance of a play satirising clerical
bigotry, he was fined 300 crowns for
blasphemy. The higher court, however,
repealed tho verdict.
Thorsson constantly developed aa a
Sociulist organizor, and helpod to
establish tho kingdom's first Feoplo's
Party." Ho wns elected to Parliament
despite tho conservative nowspupers,
intimately he became a bunk director,
and the peoplo who once sneered woro
compelled to bring strong pressure to
persuade him to uccept thp position of
finance minister following the retirement of Socialism's old lion, Herr
Bran tjng.
Now, instead of the old abuse, tho
newspaper comment is, "His political
ability alwaya has boen characterized
by hia manly openness and healthy
straightforwardness.''—Exchange,
Berkcloy, Cal.—James J. Jerome, a
member of the Musicians Union, was
elected judgo of the county superior
court at a recent election to fill the
short term.
Dentistry!
Oi.ni,   >tM|M    ul    rtuusi
-o.<l. tb* nm. tbatt ae yea ma
uMil HML
Dr. Gordon
Campbell -
Opei sreDlngi   7:80  to   B:M.
DsnUl none In attendin-M.
OOB.   0RAJTVILLB   AJTO   ROBtOB
STBEET8
Orar Owl Drag Start
Phon* Say. 5838
C. H, Cahnn, of Montreal, to take
charge of tho newly-organized public
safety branch. He was authorized to
ilivestigato criminal activities of the
enemy and others in Cnnada against
federnl laws so that the government
might bo kept infornled ns to condi-
tionsj to propare tho necessnry dntn lo
prosecute such offenders; und to administer nnd enforce laws and regulations
for preserving the public order and
safety so far us the sumo may be chur-
gonbl'o to the min'stcr of Justice. Mr.
Cahan came, investigated, recommended—und departed,
"Ho is understood to hnvo unearthed, as a result of his investigations, a
groat volume of ovidenco showing that
there was a widespread campaign of re-
volutiounry Socialistic propngauda going on in Cnnnda, spreading from coast
to coast. Bolshevism wus making great
efforts to nprenr ita ugly head.
"Thc country was being Hooded with
red revolutionary literature, subversive
of public order nnd safety. Ho drow
thc attention of tho department of Justico to tho fact, but justice was deaf,
dumb and blind. It is suid ho could uot
oven get an unswer to his letters, nor
uny nssistanco or encouragement in
carrying on tho work of his office. Naturally, being n man with big personal
business interests, which ho was suffering to do the work of tho country, he
became disgusted and quit."
Tn his statement, handed out to tho
governmont-subsidizod Canadian press,
on Oct. 13, the big bnsiness—director
of snfety declured he "acceded to this
roquost, temporarily" (the request, of
course, being the investigation by Canada's govornment of ton activities of
those who domnnd control of industry
hy producers nud not by shirkers in industry.)
Cuhan hns nlso found thnt lubor will
have something to do with the suppression of ils powors. It has a hand which
mnkes a  mighty Hat when its  closed
nnd ready fur uction.   Cnnnda'a workers, through tlieir economic power, have
shown what they can do.  Perhaps some
of (he politicians whit hold fnt jobs at
Ottawa begin to understand that Lnbor—of   every   race   und   creed—will ■
stand together.    Perhnps these politicians see thut they must go slower in |
their efforts to destroy labor's solidm*- ,
Hy in this dominion uf capital. I
y
.' GREETINGS
To our many patrons in
Vancouver, Victoria,
Nanaimo, New Westminster and other B.C.
cities
"May 1919 be a 'Horseshoe' Year,
with a Silver Lining for Every
Bygone Cloud.   Yours for Health
and Prosperity"
Shelly Bros. Ltd.
Phone Fairmont 41
Fowl l.in'ii.H* No. 6*1001 PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
IB. C. FEDERATIONIST
ffihlislud every Friday morning by tbt B. 0.
Fade ratio olal, Limited
A. 8. Wells _. Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir Bt.
Tei. Exchange Seymour 749G
After 0 p.m.:  Boy   7-i97K
flatiecrlption Rates: United States and
foreign, $2.00 por yoar; Canada, $1.60
pi-r yuar; ia Vancouver City. $2.00 pur
ye«r; to Unionfl subocribinR in _ body,
91.25 per member per year.
"Unity of Labor:   the Hope of tbe World"
FHIBAY January 3, 1011)
THE Jlritish Elections aro ovor, and
lho press is gloating ovor tho results, which it would liko to believe spell the continued   coutrol    of
capital nud tho death of Bolshovisin, or
Socialism,    It    is
EXIT truo     that     wo
THE would havo Uked
LIBEEALS. to huvo seen more
lubor representatives returned to tho llouso of Com
mons, but whilo disnppointcd in thc
number, and in somo cases with the
quulity, somo considerable satisfaction
can be fouud in the results, iu so far
as tho working class movement is affected. The number of votes cast for
worling class candidates exceeds anything that has ever happened in tho
old Innd heretofore. " Tho following
figures if unalyzcd show that with anything like a fair distribution of seats,
in proportion to thc numbor of votes
cust, that labor would huve considerable more representation in tho Houso.
The figures aro taken from tho counting on Saturday last, and only refer to
(ho vote cast in England:
Conlition Unionist   3,483,008
Coalition Liberal   1,372,391
Coalition Labor      172,955
Totnl  Coalition
Liberal  	
  5,028,354
  1,300,010
Independent Unionist      323,217
Labor  _  2,237,175
Independents  , 409,098
Total non-Coalition
. 4,330,700
It will be soon from these figures
that lubor polled moro than two and
a quarter million votes, whilo the coalition candidates polled just over five
million. Again taking the total coalition voto, against tho total anti-coalition voto, tho number of scats that go
to tho coalition is greater than tho
voto would warrant on a proportional
representation basis.
»'.'♦■*.*
After tho South African war, tho
Conservative Party adoptod exactly
thc Bamo tactics as woro adopted by
tho coalitionists. Tho eloction was pulled
off while tho war forvor was still at
its height, and whilo thero is little
doubt thnt tho wish of tho electorate
was to boo tho roturn of tho coalitionists, tho samo fate awaits thom as was
FOR the last week or so   tho  but-
staining press items in Vancouver
have been those dealing with tho
violation of tho prohibition law. Those
that have been interested in the moral
wolfarb of the poople,
THE and huve  been  moro
INCENTIVE       than a littlo concern*
IS PROFIT ed  in  tho getting of
legislation to prohibit
tho sale of liquor, huve boen upsot by
the trend of of recent events in so far
as tho violations of tho law aro concerned. Not one of thoso most inter
orited huve, either by word or deed,
given nny indicnlion, thut would lead
anyone to believe that they were really
cognizant wilh tho reul cuuse of tho
failure of the prohibitory luw to pro*
hibit. Very nearly nil laws that are
enacted denl with what people shall
not do, and nt the sumo timo nro so
framed thnt even those thut framed
thom know not what they menu, in
this caso the luw is fairly explicit, and
says thou shalt not sell, or import intoxicating liquor. Bo far so good; but
those thnt framed the Inw, did not
rocogaizo, that by so doing, they cro-
atod circumstances, uud conditions,
which givo a premium to those thut
violate it, espocinlly to those that violate it by selling liquor. It may bo
that thoso that buy it are milked for
every last cent lhat can bo extracted
from them, and have no choice but to
pny tho price nsked. This, however, is
because an artificial condition as to
the murkot has been created by tho
prohibitory law. Tho demnnd for intoxicating liquor has not beon eliin-
innted in nnything Hko ratio, to tho
limitation of the supply. Consequently
to those who wero looking for a little
easy money—and hnd tho chnnce to
have liquor shiped ;nto the province—
tho field looked very lucrative, and tho
condition being fuvornble, und profit
being tho god of tho duy, und tho incentive of all modern business concerns, tho opportunity was at once apparent to them, and tho law was
brokon, und broken for profit, not bo-
cause thero was nny desire to break thc
law, but becauso thore appeared a
chanco to got something for nothing.
This is the goal of nil people, under
the presont systom, which is based on
getting somothing without effort which
others havo produced, und so long as
by breaking tho law, profit can bo derived thereby, just so long will laws
bo broken.
#■-*.*
While tho laws of tho land stato
that it is illegal to tako that which
is logally owned by another, the Inw
does not say that it is wrong to tako
that which is produced by another, and
robbery of the working eluss is thus legalized. Evory crimo that is committed, ovory ovil that is iu evidence in
modern socioty, can bo tracod to tho
door of tho system wliich is basod on
robbory, and the enslavement of the
working class. It will bo said by many
that human nature iR wrong, but human naturo is formed nnd determinod
by tho manner in which mon gain thoir
livelihood. Tho environment of the
period, is the cause nf po-cnllbd moral j
lapses. It is the causo of mon's viows,
and of their   actions.
tho employing class. Having fought
for the country, they will demand a
shun: of it. The si tut;! ion docs uot look
ut nil promising from tlie viewpoint of
the ruling class, but it sure looks good
to those who cun yee tho trend of modern events. Cnnndn is also facing an
evergrowing army oi' un em ployed, nnd
hero again no one can sl< p in und solve
lho difficulty, except those that; understand society us it is constructed todny. This is being realized even by
business men of the city, who in tho
past huve considered Ihut Lnbor's problems wus none of their concern, but in
the near futuro they will have to line
up'on the programme of tho working
class, which is to establish tho now order of society, which will forever do
away with tho evils of unemployment,
und institute the ago of renson, and
peace nnd plenty.
FERNIE LABOR PARTY
NOW ORGANIZED
Some Well-known Uniqp. Miners Figure
Among Local Officers
Tho Pernio brunch of the Federated
Lubor Party of British Columbia, hus
completed its organization. Tho meeting in tho lira ml Theatre Sunday night
last, elected offlcors and executivo and
outlined a programme of education uud
extension. Tho ollicers olected wero as
follows;
President, James Clarko; vice-president, William Dickinson; secretary-
treasurer, W. B. Phillips; an executive
of six members was elected with power
tu add to its numbers.
Tho organization mooting, according
to somo men present, who havo attended all labor mootings in Fernio for
years, wus in a class by itself. There
wns an intorest and enthusiasm that
augurs well for tho growth in sizo and
power of tho Labor Party. "Political
endoavora," Buys tho District Ledger,
"on tho part of the workers in this
section in tho past have boon marked
by au nbsenco of careful organization
work at tho beginning. There has also
been a difference of opinion ns to tactics and much time has been wasted
in disputes over potty detuils. Hairsplitting was far too common."
Tho organization decided to ot onco
enter upon a campaign of education.
It is proposed to havo regular Sunday
evening mcctings'nt tho Grand Theatre
Theso mootings nro to bo of a popular
nature, nnd will not bo confined entirely to discussion of Labor politics.
Thoro are to be speakers on different
subjects of current intorest. "While oc
cusionally outside men will be brought
in thore will also be an opportunity for
local public men and the development
of local speaking talent.
Tho brunch realizes that it must show
its interest in thc returned soldiers
from tho very commencement, nud expects to gain very .considerable membership from that source sinco from this
locality the largo percentage of men
who entered military servico aro from
the ranks or Labor organizations and
their trip abroad haB increased, rather
thun diminished their interest in thc
progrosaivo Labor movement.
LET IHE WORKERS
GET TOGETHER
VICTORIA METAL TRADES
COUNCIL
Small mootings socm to bc tho rule
amongst tho organizations this week,
and tho Metal Trndes Council was* no
exception on Friday ovening. Owing
to tho nbsenco of President J. Dakors,
Prior* "to*"the tfl° c^u** Wfls oceupied by Dolegato J.
«>«•■. wo ouihu luiu uwuilh mum ua wu i ■ A-       a _._. •*. it _.-        *.        Beckett.    Bro. Exton was seated as a
the lot oltheiL^tiw Mrlt «-M^™*^       capitalistic system   fl ,     t  f       ft   B fl Opoatinff
tee ioc ot tne conservative fatty at i(. WM momj for men to own chattol u!Mfff„rtn,0 * b
tho olection following tho khaki oleo- slaV0fl) lmi „_, (h„ Methods by which
tion after tho war-in South Africa-Thc | mcn SOCurod their living, or in other
only difference there will bo is, that
the revolt will bo more on class lines
than evor. In many parts of thc Old
Country tho workers have already
established their industrial councils,
much on tho samo lines as tho Russian
Soviet local councils, and in theso industrial centres, tho workora havo not
troubled but littlo ns to tho results of
tho election. Tho soldiers havo also
stood aloof, and havo taken the stnnd
that they would leave tho problems to
bo solved, until they have returned to
their homes.
Tho ono outstanding featuro of tho
olection is tho elimination of tho Liberal Party. Just as that .party has
bcou eliminated, as a factor in this
country, so it has been eliminated ia
thc old land. This leaves tho fiold
cloar, and tho flght is now a straight
fight between capital and labor. The
forces of reliction uro now gloating
over what appears to bo to thom a reinstatement of their nims and objects.
But the futuro with ils problems will
prove thnt their triumph will bc but
short lived, and that with tho ever-
increasing misery caused by tho pres-
«nt system, and tho revolt that is
bound to ensue as a result, the workers
will seo that no patchwork attempts
are made. And that is all tho
boasted schemes of social reforms will
amount to. They will nover tneklo the
problems at the root, but will bo merely efforts to mnke tho system a littlo
more bearable to the workers. That
their efforts to relieve the pressure will
fail is apparent 'to all students ef so-
-uwlogy, and that conditions will got
Wf-Tt.c is certain. Tho soldiers aro not
yet back homo to complicate thc situation, neither has tho full effect of the
stoppage of the munufucture of munitions been fully felt. When, howover,
Itbe empty promises of the ruling class
are found wanting, then the wrath of
the fooled pooplo will break forth, and
tho class lines will bo more clearly
shown than over.
*        * *
Tho Liberal Party has ever been a
bourgeoise party. It has hud a semblance of radicalism in its make-up that
has fooled the people for a time, But
with the Liberals that nmount to nnything driven into the placo to which
thoy belong, the class nature of government is bound to bo seen by tho most
■stupid of the working class. Lloyd
Oeorge is, uud hus been, the slickest
politician of tho nge, but his day is
■done. It may bo that for the time he
is in power, but ho knows how precarious is his position, or he would never
tave descended to tho very political
trickery, with which he charged Joseph
Chamberluin in tho year .1900. Let
those that will find any satisfaction in
tho results of the British elections, the
workors can find moro satisfaction in
the way things aro going throughout
tho world, than can tho ruling class.
Tho development of tho preBont syBtem,
is in itsolf, a suro fororunner of thoi
triumph of the worbors.
words as tho methods of production
changed, so did tho ideas as to chattel
slavery; not because of nny re-creation
of men, but becauso tho system de-
niundod a working class that could bo
moved from one point to anothor, at
the will of tho rising manufacturing
iluss. It was impossible to conduct tho
capitalistic method of production with
n working class that was owned by individuals. The inception of capitalism
meant cluss ownership of the means of
wealth production, and so it had to follow that class ownership of tho modern slave of caiptalism must bc introduced and chattel alavery and serfdom
wuro abolished.
* * *
Tho greatest crime of the day is not
in tho breaking of laws by individuals,
but in tho writing of tho laws by a
class whoso overy comfort, and its
wenlth, aro gained by tho exploitation
of tho workora at tho point of production. Once ubolish tho profit systom,
nnd "human nature" will chango;
then will men have no incentive to
prey on one anothor; today men arc
offered an inducement to break tho
laws of mun and of nature. It is not
humnn nature that is wrung, but tho
system. Tho worry and industrial oppression, tho destruction of thc nervous systom, and tho mnl-nutrition of
the workers, and the idleness of thn
rich, with its consequent degeneration,
are tho greatest causes for thu demand
for alcoholic stimulants, thus tho system creates tho doninnd nud thon offers
a premium in tho simps of profits to
those that aro engaged in thc traffic.
With tho abolition of the system the
i'uuso of tho demand will vanish, and
the incentive to trade in ulcoholic
liquor will be removed. Up to date,
laws that are framod to prohibit the
salo or uso of alcoholic liquors, never
have nor never will prohibit. Tho causo
of thc demand must bo removed, and tho
incentive to sell bo eliminated, and
then it may bo possiblo that thero will
be nn end to indulgence in this kind
of stimulant.
Thut tho unemployed situation will
bo tho most serious problem in Great
Britain, during the noxt few months, is
plain to bo acen from the press dispatches, which do not picture the situation any worso than it really is. Today, thoro aro 272,000 people drawing
state unemployed puy -and this by no
menns shows thi; number thnt must be
without employment. It is ostimnted
that thoro are ten million who participated in the war effort, either us soldiers
or munition workers, less than a million of these are released as yet. If the
unemployed question is us large ulreudy
ns tho pross dispatches would indicate,
what will it be when the balance of
that ten million are rolonsod. Thnt
Lloyd George and his coalition parte
will bo unhide to cope with it is evident to every student of sociology.
There iB bound to be unemployment, so
long ns things are produced for profit.
But tho workors, and the soldiers, will
not bo content to sit down und starve
I because thoy aro no longer profitable to
Enginoers.
Delegnte Axom of tho Machinists, roported that ho had boon nominated by
the Grent Wnr Voterans Association
for the position of agent in tho Govern
ment Labor Bureau, but did not wish
to accept nomination unless ho had the
ondorsation of the Metal Trades Council. Ho did not bob any need for labor
bureaus, but as it had been put up to
him, it wonld do no good to turn it
down,
Tho council unanimously endorsed
the nomination. It was also reported
that J. Day, employment agent of the
Imperial Munitions Board, was also
likely to bc in the running, and tho
council decided that tho government
should bo notified that J. Day did not
represent nor have the endorsation of
organized labor in any way.
Delegate Axon also reported that the
Dominion Government hnd voted $50,-
000 for the year 1910; $100,000 for 1920
and $150,000 for 1921 towards tho establishing and operation of labor bureaus.
The smoker committee reported that
tickets were boing printed and tho flrst
of tho series would bo hold on Saturday
evening,
A short session adjourned at 9 p. m.
RAILWAYMEN
AND RECONSTRUCTION
The armistice hud hardly been sign-
d when the railwny men of England
hold a mass nieeting in the great Albert Hall, in London, to discuss reconstruction problems. Tho nuditoriuin
was packed to tlie doors ond thousands
were unable to gain admission, J. H.
Thomas, secretary of tho union and
member of Parliament, mado tho prin-
pal address nnd he paid Mr respects
to tho jingoistic politicians who aro
now attempting to tnke advantage of
Germnny's crushing defeat to build up
a now military machine. Thomas said
that the people of Groat Brituin wcro
prepared to make nny sacrifice to ensure n dean und lusting peace, but not
for ti peace dictated by tho war machine or one that bought off one nation nt the expense of another, Tho
Premier had committed not only himsolf, but the nation, to Preaident Wilson's peaco terms. "Wo havo fought
for tho destruction not only of Germnn
militarism, but militarism wherever it
was to be found/' Thomas declared.
If wo do not have a firm and lasting
peace, and if we do not destroy militarism, there will be another war in 10
or 20 years* time, and civilization
might be easily wiped out. If a real
peaco is to bo secured labor must be
diroctly represented in tho negotiations, so that on the ruins of this war
tho nation can bo rebuilt on a firm
basis for future security.M—-Cleveland
Citizen.
Find Work for Soldiors
Washington—Tlio United States employment Bervice is establishing a bureau for reluming soldiers, sailors and
war workers in ovory city nnd town In
he country. It tins stationed representatives at all army camps and posta in
the United States to acquaint soldiers
with the job-hunting facilities of the
servico. Government ngeneics, nntionnl
welfare Organizations nf all kinds aro
linked up in this movement which will
bo directed by n central board in Washington. The bourd will consist of representatives of tho various affiliates,
Was Message of J. Kavanagh Last Sunday at
the Royal
"This next year will bo a year of
greatest moment in world politics that
it has yet seen, and it behooves the
workers to take counsel together," said
the chairman at last Sunday's mooting
of the Socialist Party of Canada in thc
Theatre Boyal. And iu saying so he
uttered a sentiment to whicli tho capacity filled houso assented.
"Lot thc workors, the useful portion
of society, take counsel together."
Tho samo noto was takon up by the
speaker of tho evening, Comrade Jack
Kavanagh, in an inspiring addroBS on
tho necessity for thu workors to odu-
cato, truin and rigorously discipline
themsolves for thc labors of constructing and organizing a new society from
a new base. "For tho moro wu understand, tho moro wo shall realizo the
necessity of discipline for thc tremendous task. Tho people, in thnt day,
cannot afford to tolerate the shirker
und  parasite" ■
Tho speaker's opening remnrits wero
concerned with the marvelous changes,
in world politics, during the laBt 12
months, and ho pointed out tho attitude assumed by the press towards the
social revolution now in progress and
towards proletarian socialism. A noteworthy example, ho suid, of the press's
attitudo was an article in tho "Saturday Evening Post" by Joe Cannon,
of stand pat famo, which was particularly spiteful. Tho writer of tho article said that* tho introduction of Bolshevism into tho land of the free wns
duo to "the foul crew of agitators
poisoning tho mind of tho sap-headed,
simple-minded and ignorant." Tho
speaker said tho owner of tho Post
was evidently warning his readers to
steer clear of agitators.
Comrade Kavanagh then compared i
and contrasted tho two opposing thco-1
ries held by people ns to tho cause of
Bolshevism. Tho Marxian Socialists,
on tho one hand, who contended that
Bolshevism, or any other socinl movement, sprang from tho soil of tho material conditions of lifo, ovon as the
idena of Joe Cannon and othors of hia
ilk. And on tho other, those who sny
that theso movements aro the product
of tho fertile brains of agitators, etc.,
who communicato nnd inject thoir mental offsprings into tho minds of the
"sap-headed, otc." It was no longer
the German "peril," but the Bolsheviki, which was moving westward and
gathering recruits as it advanced,
which must now bo crushed, fits this
theory all right.
To prove by history the correctness
of tho Mnrxian theory   of   tho "Materialistic Interpretation," tho speaker
took us back to beforo the era of machino  production when  tho bourgeois
were subject to the regimo of tho feudal barons and described their rise in
social   importance   until   finally   they
hold dominance and Bupremo power in
socioty.   He said that this success of
tho bourgeoisie  was conditioned upon
changes in  the method and  development  in  tho technique of production
and in tho development of trado and
commerce, which had beon thoir special
liold.    The feudal system fixed prices,
levied tolls and by regulations and by
monopolistic privileges, held   by    tho
barons, hampered trade and stifled production.   Out of the clash of interests
arising from this arose tho great revolutionary struggle, which ended in the
overthrow  of  tho  feudal  system and
with it tho political    power   of   tho
landod aristoeracios.
Freedom, equality and fraternity
hnd beon the slogans of tho bourgeois
propagandists in that period, and
whose material meaning was freedom
of trade, equality boforo tho law and
fraternity in henven. Tho development
of tho machine crented thn modern
wago-earning proletariat, divorced
from tho means of production, which
sees the great contradiction, thnt whilo
the productivo powers of society increaso, tho insecurity of their lives
grows greater. Industrial crisis after
crisis periods of proletarian disaster,
duo to over-production, tho cause of
which the speaker outlined. Other
minor contributory factors to Bolshevism wero such affairs as took place at
Bisbee, Arizona; Lawrence, Mnfls.;
Gnluraet, Mich.; Ludlow and Vancouver Island of some years ago; small
groups of workers left by their fellows
to fight a losing bnttle alone. But bo*
fore long n change will como among
tho proletariat. Conscienco will be
knocking, not at their heads but at
their stomachs.
Returned soldiers aro boing discharged at fhe rate of 300,000 a month
on tho North American continent. In
a falling labor markot, a lot of political masqueraders are forming committees to find them jobs. For the purpose of solving the returned soldiers'
problem in civil lifo thoy aro about ns
much use as the Salvation Army.
Abolition of the profiteering system
of capitalism and tho instulaltion of
produetion for use is tho only solution for tho returned soldier's or the
working man's problom. This tho proletariat must do for itself and for this
we need education, class discipline and
organization.
Questions and answers finished up n
highly  interesting evening.
FRIDAY  January 3, 1611
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrici
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
"THAT LINE IS BUSY"
Do you over doubt tho operator
when you get this report on your
call T
Hor tost of tho lino culled is a
very simple mntter. Remember that
it is easier and quicker for her to
complete a call than to roport buck
to tho person calling.
Each operator senses her unusual
responsibility and is appreciative of
every evidence of consideration nc-
corded hor earnest effort.
B. O. TELEPHONE CO., LTD.
PANTAGES
Ar* Wort Wook
10 BOTAL DBAOOONS
HIVES ind ABNOLD
Otber Big Feature.
DTOOBFOBtTZD 1881
Bank of Toronto
Assets .....181000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT SaTlngi Aeooant mif bo
opened it The Btnk of Toronto
In tke n-tmei of two or mor*
penona, In theae iceounti either
party may alga choyari or dejx-ilt
money. For the different metubera of
• family or a firm a joint aoeoaat if
often a great eonToaJenoe. Intereat la
paid  on  balances.
Vancouvor   Branch:
Ooraar Baitings and Gambit Striata
Branchos Rt:
Vietoria, Herrltt,  Hew  Westminster
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't atuw away your spirt ca-vft la
•ny old eorner where it la la de*f«i
from burg lint or Sre.
The Marehanti Hank of Canada of-
fere you perfect i»My far yoar
money, and will give yoa fall banking
aervice, whether yonr account la large
or nn all
lutereat   allowed   un  navlnga  dap**
alta.
0. V. BTACET. Manager
QraavUU and Pander
W. 0. JOT. Manager
Halting! aad Oarrall
A. S. U. B. CARPENTERS
HOLD BIG SESSION
Hold Special Meeting to Discuss Working Class Problem Resolutions Passed
On Tuesday night, tho A. S. U. B.
Carpenters held a special mooting to
diseusa tho problems that will be dealt
with at the Western Labor Conforonce,
to bo held in Mnrch. Owing to thc absence of Bro. J. G. Smith, who wns unable to attend, owing to tho illness of
his wife, Bro. Wells occupiod the chair,
and in a brief address, outlined thc
reasons for tho calling of tho confer-
enco, and nlso gave an outline of the
problems thst will faco tho workers of
all countries in tho near future, Bro.
Hardy, of local 617, was also ashed to
give u resume of tho last convention of
the Trados and Labor Congress of Canndn, in which he stnted that there
should bo no division botweon tho enst
and tho west, in bo far as the Labor
movement, and suggosted that tho trouble was there was too many id<.-p.s, and
schisms in the movement. A go.-d deal
of discussion then tooV place, and resolutions for tho guidnpen of tho dolo-
pates were pawied,   T;io first resolution
NOTICE OF CHANOE IN NAME
I, H. N. Honkala, of Svintula, B. C,
will, from Doc. ISth, 1018, bo known
as H. N. Homor.
Signed this 18th day of December,
1018.
H. N. HOMER.
*.B. CUTHBERTSON & CO
Men's Hatters and Outfitter*
•80 OrufiUs Stmt
t!9 Haitlngi Street Wart
Every
aubaerlbe
for THB rBDEHATIOWIST ln ■ body!
PAY FOR IT MUNTULY, quarterly or
yearly, aa beat aulta the wlahea of tbe
membership. Submit a motion at nett
meeting—and adviae The federations
of the mult.
Ring op Phone Seymour 2354 for
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VAKCOUVEB, B. 0.
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF JAN. 6TH
Tlio  Beautiful   Coraody   Drama
"The Road to Happiness"
Featuring Margaret Marriott
Prices 16c, 35c and 60c
AT TUB EMPKES8 THEATEE
ln 1917 wben tho war waa at its height
and jilny after piny made a failure in Now
York City, lint shrewd Qottiatn inanaRnra bu*
Kan to cant thulr m-tn over tho tlio literary
liurixuntt for a. piny that would mako n real
Mim-Hs. Thu Hhulici'is offered a flvo thou-
mind dollar prliso ta any dramatist who could
all tho roquireinuntH of tho Now York theatre*
goers. Ho many good, bad and Indifferent Htoriett wore received that they woro
compelled to add to their office forco to
oiiaulo thim to read the hundreds of manuscripts. Ono day a play come through tho
until wrapped In coarse brown paper, which
wa* a striking contrast to tho neat bundles
that contained the other plays. On opening
lt the striking title of "Tho Road to Happiness" made a direct appeal to Mr. Lee
Hhubort, who porused tho inanuscript personally and pronounced it ono of thu cleverest plays he had evor road, A gigantic
production followod his opinion and tho New
York theatre-goers received it with open
arms and the result was It had a long pros-
porous run on Broadway. ***
was endorsing the six-hour day, as a relief for tho unemployed situation, which
ie bound to, como about aa a result of
tho uessation of war activities. Anothor resolution calling for tho lifting of
the censorship, and tho recall of the
Allied expedition from EuHsia, was
passed.
Tho most important resolution that
was passed, being oho that instructs
tho delegates to fnvor any policy that
may bo adopted) or introduced, that
wilt havo for its object, tho bringing
nbout of a complcto change in tho social system, and introducing n system
of produotion for uso instoad of for
profit,
A committee was appointed to bring
in recommendations at thc next rogular
meeting, as to somo means of holding
educational mootings each mouth. Tho
meoting wns one of the best, and most
instructive that this local hns held in
many yoars.
-APPLICATIONS FOR-
Winter Term
DAY AND NIGHT SCHOOL
Received up to—
Monday, January 6th
Success—trained students are always in demand.
Phone Fairmont 2075
Phone us now, for full information.
Success Business College, Ltd.
E. SCOTT EATON, B. A., Principal
Corner Main and Tenth Vancouver, B. C.
_j|—AT J. N. HAEVEY'8 UNION CLOTHINO STOKES..
WATCH OUR WINDOWS
AND FBIDAT EVENIKO PAPEBS FOB
REAL CLOTHING BARGAINS
We aro going to clear tho decks of all winter garments and
odds and ends in Suits, Hats, Gloves, Shirts, etc., before taking
stock at the end of this month, V
DON'T MISS THIS OHANCB
TWO UNION STOBES FOB MEN IN B.O.
J. N.HARVEY
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alio 614416 Yatei St,, Victoria, B.O.
LOOK FOB TBI WO BBS ABBOW SION-— FEIDAT_
-Januniy a, WW
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONTST
T. B. ANDREWS
tO     TT A PfBT\T_-lrt     _—*•—***-
53 HASTINGS WEST
Special
Showing
of
Overcoats
at
$25
These Overcoats — all-wool
and hand-tailored—are offered at prices which means a
worth-while saving to every
man.  Many were taken from
the  broken lines of higher-
o
priced stock—each and every
one measuring up to the usual
high standard of style, fit,
fabric and finish. In fact you
will find coats among this lot
which you would ordinarily
pay $35.00, and even $45.00
for. There are models and
sizes to suit every person-
over three hundred coats in
the offering.
The coldest part of our winter is at hand and a good coat
is the best protection against
the dreaded influenza.
$25
SPECIAL PRICE,
SATURDAY .	
BOYS'AND GIRLS'CORNER
IN UNION IS STRENGTH
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
Lot us recall some of our English history. At ono timo tho King did just
as ho pleased; made what laws ho pleased and appointed whomsoever ho liked
to carry out his will. But tho barons,
who wcro really Kings on a small scale,
becamo more independent and demanded certain rights. Then later, it was
arranged thnt they should all moot together and have a mooting to say about
the monoy tho King needed and generally about tbo affairs of tho kingdom.
After awhilo, mombors camo to represent certain districts and in timo they
were chosen to represent theso districts.
This gradually was formed into our English parliament.
Throughout tho conturios, parliament
has changed in many ways, two of
which wo want to note. In tho earlier
days, the higher classes had rates; that
is, said who was to sit in parliament.
Officers for the Coming
Term Are Nominated
(Continued from page 1)
of
posed.   The recommendation
executive was adopted.
Thc mon engaged ut tho Vulcan Iron
Works sent in a request to the council asking that the hospital situation
bo looked Into.
During the discussion, it waa pointed
out by the delegates that no insinuation was being levelled at tho nurses,
or tho hospital staffs, but that it was
desirable that tho management be investigated.
Delegate McFarlane referred to tho
pross statement condemning tho carpenters for not working on tho new
hospital building on New Tear's
Day as unwarranted, and stated that if
any criticism wus coming it was to the
hosptial board, wbo in spite of tbo ncod
let dolalrs count beforo life, as tho
carpenters had offered to work a
doublo shift prior to the holiday. This
offer was rofusod, and tho men wore
| justified in not breaking their rules as
to payment for holidays. A motion to
table tbo communication to tho noxt
meeting was adopted.
Business Agent's Beport
Business Agent Midgloy, reporting
on his activities for the week, stated
that the Coopers and Millwrights wero
organizing, and that it was possiblo
that they would join the Millworkers'
Local of tho Curpenters. He also reported on the meeting at the Empress
Theatre, and stated that in spite of tho
rumors that tho meeting was to bo
broken up, it was a success,
Presidont Winch, reporting for tho
audit committeo, said that all that
could bo dono was to report progress,
as a financial statement of tho Labor
Temple Company would be available,
and recommended that the incoming
auditors be instructed to curry on tho
work in connection with tho company.
It wns moved that tho council request from tho city council representation on the library board. The motion
wns adopted. I
Delegato Showlor moved that tho'
secretary bo instructed ta writo to tl
Attorney-Genoral requesting tho opening of tho government liquor dispensary nt such hours as would mako it
possiblo for working men to securo
liquor when required.
Dol. Youhill suggested that tho
mover add to his motion tho opening of
additional stores. This request was
granted, > and tho motion was adopted.
A motion instructing the socretary
to write to the local unions, informing
thom that striko pay would still be
noedod for those laundry workers who
woro not employod was adopted. Tho
council then went into executive
session to deal with matters connected
with tho laundry striko.
The Proletariat of Europe
Is Uniting Against
Capitalists
A correspondent dn Berlin telegraphs that to superficial observers
Berlin presents no revolutionary appearances. The streets are filled with
thousands of promenading soldiers who
aro joyful ovor having escaped from
the hell of war with a whole skin.
Thoir presence in Berlin is contrary to
the government's wishes, since it issued a request that the soldiers should
not come to tho capital.
"The quostion tho pooplo are asking Is
whothor the moderate majority Socialists supported, by regiments from tbo
front, which are not revolutionary, and
the Liberals, will acquire sufficient
power to conduct a revolution along
gradual linos or whether tho radicals
will bo ablo to carry out their programme.
'' While tho Socialistic parties are combatting each other, the counter-revolutionaries are looking on and working in
silenco awaiting tho opportunity, if it
is offered, of occupation by tho Americnn troops, for which they will create
grounds.
"Tho counter-revolutionaries aro reproached with inciting Jewish pogroms. For a few days bills were
stuck up in which tho poople wero urged to striko tho Jews dead, it being
said tho Jcwb wcro to blamo for the
outbreak of tho war, thereforo "Death
to tho Jews," If outbreaks occur it is
supposed Entento soldiers will entor to
restore order."
PAGEFTVE
Plumbers
At tho last nieeting of tho Plumbers
and Steamfltters, the following officers
woro elected: President, F. Welsh;
vice-president, J. E. Mason; flnnncial
secretary, W. Wheatley; treasurer, J.
Hays; recording secretary, J. Vincent;
Borgeant-at-arms, W. Morrison; executive board, Bros. Bickley, Lawson,
Stinshcombo, Lylo and Hunter; trustees, Bros. Jonos, Barton, Fleming. All
further officers that aro to bo elected
will be elected at the next mooting on
January 10.
Tho above Bpicy pieco of news appeared in tho Provinco the othor day
and is well worth examining by those
who desire to keep in touch with current events. It looks as if the enpi
talist class relios moro upon Hie American troops than upon tho soldiers of
any other allied nation to help them
to maintain tho capitalist regimo in
Germany.
Tho Spartacus group is trying to
establish a proletarian dictatorship and
thoy will eventually succeed in doing
so. At tho beginning of tho war the
French Socialists took their Btand in
accordance with tho following statement! "Sinco things aro as thoy aro
in Germany wo must help tho Germans
mako thoir own revolution." Tho attitude of the British was much the samo,
becauso they realized that until the
military caste in Germony was destroyed it was impossible for tho working
men U) Germany to movo on thoir own
bohalf. From time to timo during the
progress of tho conflict the French and
English Socialists havo openly stated
that thoy would cry, "Hands, off Germany '' the moment the Gormen pooplo
roso in revolt againBt their masters."
Tho proletariat of Europo aro uniting
moro and moro firmly against tho capitalist and tho attempt of tho Allies to
crush tho Spartacus group in Germnny
and tbo Bolshoviki in Bussia is hastening tho process. Tho armies of tho
revolution are growing stronger every
moment.   In spito of tho censorship the
Start the New
Year Well
and, having started It, keep
tbo good work.   Mako this
first resolve: to buy always
FORD
SUITS
and keep to this resolve. No
better action Is possible. Vou
nro supporting trade's unionism
and you aro protecting and pro-
serving your own—and family's
—bost interests, because you get
the bost fit, material and mako
ahd at a prico that Ib truest economy..
OVERCOATS ALSO
HIGHEST SUIT PRICES
OBADB       MEN'S from
WOMEN'S from ,
TA/LOP/NG__.
CUSTOM
MADB
338
Hastings
, St. West
South Side
Between Homer
and   Hamilton
Big Profits ln Fruit
Now York—One reason for high
priccB of fruit may bo found in the
financial report of the United Fruit
Company, which shows a bulnnco available for dividends of $9,090,490, equal
to $10,000,-41)6, equal to 39.72 per cent,
on the outstanding stock. In. 1917 the
percentage earned on tho stock was
20.72, so that for tho twoycni period
tho percentage of earnings was -J6.44.
In the last four years, the surplus available for dividends has equalled 100.89
per eent
After many struggles, tho middlo class
peoplo wero given tho voto. Only within tlio last few years havo tho common
working peoplo had a voto. And now
ot last for the first timo, not only men
but also women havo a chanco to voto.
Perhnps girls and boys will havo a vote
some dayi
It is strange but even yot it is
thought that only peoplo with property
should have anything to say about public affairs. For example, can you tell
mo who knows most about school? Thc
pupils and teacher. Yes, but thoy havo
nothing to say about running thc
school. Who does run itf Tho trustees.
And who sclectB or elects tho trustees!
Shall I toll you a secret? It isn't tho
pcopfcj at all; its building lots. Mr. A.
went through school, and through high
school and through tho university, and
spent ycurs in teaching, but he is not
qualified to be a school trustee, because
ho has not $1000 worth of Vuncouvor
property. Mr. B. wont to school only
for a fow yoars. He has no interest in
schools or in boys or girls.    Ho has
spent all his energy trying to got monoy
out of othor folks' pocket into his own,
but he has a lot worth $1000, so he is
qualified to be a school trustee City
lots select a city lot as a school trustee! Some day, perhaps, brains will.
select brains and then wo'll havo a
school that is worth going to.
But to como back to parliament.
Votes havo gradually been given to
moro aad more peoplo, and slowly tho
common people are putting tho common
peoplo into parliament.
A second importnnt chango has been
going on. In earlier times, parliament
Had to do largely with raising taxes,
nnd making wars or prcsorving order.
By degrees parliament mado luws about
all sorts of things, and appointed officials for carrying on a great variety of
activities. Parliament looks after our
fisheries or farming, our education, our
health. There aro laws about nearly
everything and, of courso, someone to
look after tho carrying out of tho Inw.
When industry was taken out of tho
home into tho factory, parliament at
Monday evening. Owing to the mengro
attondnnco various matters woro laid
over for furthor consideration till our
next rogular mooting. Jan. 13.
Business Agont Thomas reported
thnt there were several amounts of retroactive pay, laying at various shipbuilding plants awaiting thc claimants.
Any member who has worked at any
shipyard recently, and has rctroactivo
pay due him, should coll aud collect bis
cheque from his late employer.
As a little token of esteem to the
widow of tho late Brother Jas. Hobi-,
son, the local presented Mrs, Robisonj
with a chcqno for $25.00.
Arising out of tho Trndes and Labor
Council report, a very spirited discussion took place on tho financial position of tho Labor Templo Company,
nnd there is littlo doubt in the minds
. of somo of our mombors thot some
scheme might bo submitted by tho central body whoreby we might retain the
Labor Tomplo for tho labor movement.
Various matters or routino businoss
wero nttended to and tho nieeting adjourned at 10 p.m. until January 13.
BOB FOSTER PAYS A
VISIT TO THE COAST
Ex-President of District  And  Others
Speak at Nanaimo Miners'
Meeting
The Nanaimo Local of tho U.M.W.
of A. held two splendid meetings last
Saturday and Sunday nights; also a
meeting at Chase Biver on Sunday
afternoon.
International Board members, Caddy
of District 10, Washington; Organizer'
Hendrickson of Seattlo, and Bobert
Foster, ox-president of tho Island, ad-
dressed tho gathering.
Organizer Davo Bees presided over
the meetings.
Tho speakers were given a most attentive hearing and many requests
woro mado for their early return and
further meetings.
New mombors camo along at each
t mooting, which gives further ovidenco
■ I (ft tho awakening that is taking pluco
universally.   Go ahead, boys, you havo
the eyes- of the labor movoment of
Vancouver npon you.
Donations to the Slbble Funeral Fund
Any donations to this fund will bo
acknowledged in theso columns.     All
donations should bo sent to The B, C,   	
Fedorutiouistf
h. aiKu::::zzz:z:z:S t0 ^is «*•» m *>* *» heat
A. S. Wella 2.00 quality and at tho lawest prices.
Dr. W. J. Curry  5.00  , ,    , r
Dr. Sunford 2.00 L guarantee both.
2.00 I
Funcy Bipo Ounndion Ciooso, lb 33c
Ben Jones Is Deal
Pittsburg, Pa.—Benjamin P. Jones, of
the Amalgamated Aosociatioo of Iron,,
Steol and Tin Workera, died in this
city after a short illness, with doublo
pneumonia. For 12 years, deceased was
vico-prcsident of the boiling and finishing division of tho association. His
technical knowledge of tho Intricacies
of tho crafts that camo under his
chargo, made his services invaluable.
; Ouuta Tuet Board •
:   Licence i—1855    ;
JThe Place
  slavos oro beginning to   realizo   tlio
Local 617 0. B. Carpenters truth, and this Is all that is necessary
Local OU held its regular meeting on  f0 .CIU,™  U»jrorton   to   overthrow
nn/W.........—   *-*■- *     *    • capitalism.    Uio removal of the ban  ut-. oiuiion
on radical newspapers would be inline-  T. B. Miles ..
diatoly followed b}* such a flood of in-  ft. B, Anwyl   3.00 p      t_ _ „ _UWB0 ID
formation that tlio toilers would quick-  A Revolutionary Sapper  1.00 /-,„''.„
ly grasp tho position.   The gods ore J. E. Bird   2.00  '""ernment Croamory Buttor, Ib 63c
now on tho side of tho revolutionist   VV. W. Lefeaux „ -  2.00  Fresh Peanut Butter, per lb, 25c
the
("«*»»»
fllMlllllllll-Mffl
[TWO EJVENTIAiy OF
GbodMIlKai
     _ ,-1-H«'""«*'
Why the Infants' Hospital
Uses
VALLEY DAIRY MILK
Miss Watterson, in charge of tho Infants'
Hospital, selected VALLEY DAIRY
MILK because she knew it came from J.
M. STEVES' FAMOUS HERD OF PURE
BRED HOLSTEIN COWS.
It is a well-known fact among the Medical Profession that this speeial approved
Milk for Babies is digested with tho same ease as Mother's Milk. It is not
loaded with greasy fats that form a tough, hard curd in baby's delicate stomach. Yet, it Contains all the rich, noruishing body-building values, which arc
assimilated with the same ease as those from Mother's Milk.
YOU TRY IT. IT WILL PUT DIMPLES IN THE G1KLS AND BOUNCE
IN THE BOYS.
"THE CHILDREN'S FRIEND"
PHONE BAY. 863
^r^VALLEY DAIRY
Canada Food Board License 942240
Why Not Try TTnionism7
Boston—At o meoting of tho state;
minimum wngo commission nnd tlio ro-
tail stores wngo board, it was shown
thut firms in this stato aro refusing to
comply with tlie wngo awards of Ihe
commission nnd that thn treat of publicity doos not seem to havo nny terrors
for thoso low-wngo employers. It was
declared that firms arc pnying a wago
too low to maintain their workers in
health nnd decency nnd thnt at least
#10 a wook for experienced workers 19
yoors or ovor is necessary.
and nil tho pomp and humbug of
master class is paradod in vain,
"Look up, wearied warriors of tho
social revolution nnd seo tho glorious
signs of victory. Russia is ours and
all the devils of capitalism combined
cannot shako hor power nnd hor might,
built as it is on the indestructiblo economic rock on which this mighty labor
movement wns established. Germany
has burst tho bonds and is now struggling to bo freo. Tho workers of Old
England aro firmly taking their stand
and show by their attitudo that they
nro going to kill tho beast onco nnd forever. From Franco, Italy, Norway,
Sweden, Finland, nlmost every country
in the worid, thoir comes tho assurance
that they nro marshalling their battalions for tho last class conflict.
Thoroforo be of good cheer. Our enemies nro already shivering with tho
intuition of defeat, whilo the cheeks
of the proletariat glow with thc assurance of victory. It is now or never.
The tide of tho river of progress is
moving with ever-increasing swiftness
and carrying tho barge of the working
class straight to the ocean of prosperity nnd happiness.
"Molding" Public Opinion NiiW La'd Eggs, dozen  80c
Boston—Tho     national      industrinl CooItin£ Eggs, Alberta; dozen 60c
hoard, n manufacturers' organization, Braidt Ideal Tea  ftTm«i«i   n
has surveyed tho wool manufacturing . ' 8peoia1' Ib m
industry undor n 84-hour system, nnd "Offers' Syrup, 511b, cans     48c
in Ihe first sentence of its simm.«t-v t .>*.%.   ______
first did not interfere very much. With
business it was a cnso of "go as you
please." But in time, business wns on
such a lnrge scale* that the public,
through parliament began to say what
should and what should not bo done.
Today, especially since tho war, parliament decides hours of work, whnt
goods may bo nmmifnctured, in some
chbcs, what tho prices must be. In fnct j
govornment is becoming more nnd more |
tho carrying on of tho nation's Indus
trios,
A hundred years ngo, thc workers hnd
Httln intorest* in polities or the policies
of tho government. They had no vote,
and whnt the government did, did not
seem to directly concern them. But today tho workers havo a vote, and what
the government doea touches them nt
every point. So thoy nre beginning to
try to send to parliament men and womon who will govern the eountry as thr
common people want it governed.
"Domocracy" comes from two Greek
words, which mean government by the
people. Lincoln said Democrncy was
govornment of the people, by the people, for the poople, It has been said
that our Canadian Democracy is government of tho peoplo by tho "patriots," for the profiteers. Ask your
father to explain tlmtf
Well, whon the next election comes,
whether we aro selecting a man or womnn as trustee, to curry on school business, or alderman (to cany on city
business) oi member of tho provincinl
assembly (tn carry on British Columbia
business), as member of the Dominion
parliament fto carry on Canada's business), let ui select (or elect) enc who
will do our busineu.. as wa want our
business dono.
nf she
IS CALLED OFF
.__    ■    »   u.pui   oj.-m-iii,   mil
in tho first sentenco of its summary,
says: "Tho adoption of a 54-hour work
week in tho wool manufacturing industry has, in u great majority oif cases,
resulted in a docrcaso of output." Tho
render is supposed to keep tho first sentenco in mind, and not compare it with
this statement, near the close of the
summary: "On the wholo tho evidence
Indicates dearly that u 54-hour week
has involved a decrease in output. Howover, in several instances the decrease
was comparatively small. The report
points out that sinco reductions in
hours result in somo saving in overhead
charges, a very small decrease in output
may bc partially Offset, This fact,
taken in conjunction with tho fact thnt
thirteen establishments in tho 54-hour
group either maintained or incroasod
production warrants the conclusion that
a fj-l-hour schedule is not seriously detrimental to the industry ns a whole
from a production standpoint."
Lux, per pkg „ 10c
0 Bars R, C. Soap for ..: 22c
9 Cakes Castilo Soap  , 25c
Brooms, 6-Btring  _ 80c
Jams, puro, 4-lb. cans 51.00
Carnation Milk, tall sixo, 2 for 26c
Best A No, 1 Governmont Inspected
Meats—Frosh and Cured,
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
lWHartingiStW.     &K&!
Efforts to Secure a New
Trial Will Be
Made
i
On Tuesday ovening a special moot-
lint; of 'he Laundry Workers was hold,
when it was decided, that in view of
the season, and the naturo of tho
weather that is to bo expected for the
next month or two, to withdraw the
pickots and to cnll tho strike off,
tt was also deeid'-d to appeal the
case of W, L, Geofroy, who was sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment nt
tho last assizes on a charge of tissual*.
A new trial will bo nsked for on tin
ground that the indictment contained
four counts, three of which were added
after the chnrge wns first luid, two of
whicli wore protested by the counsel
lor the defense, but were admitted bv
Justice Murphy at tho opening of tho
'rial, and which later wero withdrawn
nfter evidence had born takon on (ham,
Striko pny will bo pnid until nil nre
employed] and locnl unions nre request-■
cd to still contribute to the strike fund. |
Mobs Hampered United Staton
Washington—In his annual report
Attorney General Gregory made this reference to war organizations of self-
itylod patriots: "In handling local
cases of sporadic propaganda or sediti
Oils iitternuces the department wns bad
ly handicapped by self-appointed committees or Associations of citizens who,
ignorant or dissatisfied with the federal
Inws, sought to supplement them by
extra legal measures."
New Years' Term
IN FULL SWING AT THE
SPROTT-SHAW
Business School
336 HASTINGS STREET WEST
ENROLL ANY MONDAY—This will be an advantage to you, and a convenience to us.
Commercial Department—Bookkeeping, Arithmetic, Law, Penmanship, Spelling, English
and Rapid Figuring.
Stenography Department—Pitman or Gregg
Shorthand and the last five of the subjects under Commercial Department.
Telegraphy Department — Telegraphy, Typewriting, Spelling and Penmanship, (last two
optional.)
Foreign   Languages   Department — French,
Spanish, Russian, Japanese.
ALL TEACHERS EXPERT
ALL INSTRUCTION INDIVIDUAL
R. J. SPROTT, B. A., Mgr.     Phone Sey. 1810 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FEIDAT..
-Jmiiiy* I, nw
A Great Favorite
One of the most popular of styles in footwear among
the ladies this season is the dark brown calfskin boot
with walking or military heel. The shades most in
demand* arc the darker tones of brown, snch aa
African brown, cocoa brown and mahogany.
THE ONYX SHOE
we feel sure, is* thc one you will have pictured in
your mind as thc one you want. AVe have several
styles of this popular lady's boot in thc shades just
mentioned, beaufiful models every ono, with graceful lines, yet built for serviceable street of business
wear.   Come in a_id let us demonstrate thoir fitting
qualities.
Per Pair $10.00
WILSON'S
Twin Shoe Stores
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Cambie
'O LOVELY PEACE"
Chaos in Suit Industry
Now York—While organization in industry is the order of tho day, tho opposite prevails In tho cloak and suit in*
dustry in this oity. Employers aro responsible for this condition, becauso of
jobbing and sub-manufacturing that is
spreading to nooks nnd corners
throughout New York. Small shops are
springing up over night and cut-throat
competition is rampant.   This condition
naturally affects tho wage earners. Presidont Schlesinger of the International
Ladies Garment Workers Union urged
ending tho sub-manufacturing evil by
the elimination of piece work and tho
introduction of tho week work systom,
with definite wago scales instead of tho
present system of haggling over ovory
sample garment, Tho unionist insists
that employers must discard their ancient prejudices and assist in remedying
conditions.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
'        All That the Law WiU Allow
Wt Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
Our Semi-Annual •
Clearance Sale
BEGINS TOMORROW-SATURDAY
THE GREATEST SHOE EVENT of the SEASON
Standard Make of Footwear at Big Reductions
Geo. A. Slater's Invictu^, Doctor's Special, Dr.
Reed's Cushion Sole Boots; Leckie's Vancouver
make for men and boys; other reliable makes—all
good Union-made footwear—for your choice.
BOOT SHOP
319 HASTINGS ST.W.
BUY
WAR-SAVINGS STAMPS
Buy them now for $4.00
You can cash them on
Jan. 1st, 1924, for 5 Dollars
GOVERNMENT SECURITY
Go to any Money-Order Post Office, Bank or otber
place showing the W.-S.S. sign and buy
War-Savings Stamps for $4.00 each.
Your money will earn $1.00
interest in five years.
Thrift Stanp 2ac. each   1G exchangeable for 1 W.-S.S.
$5.°i for $4.°i
"O lovely peaco, with plenty
erowned," so, if we remember right, a
beautiful air in ono of Handel's oratorios begins. And certainly no one
will sing that salutation with more enthusiasm than wo. For, indeed, tho very
thought of peace, after the nightmare
of the last four years, is like the day-
spring from on high. And yet it is not
certain that tho approaching peaee will
bo erowned with plenty. No matter
what tho best-laid plans of the Ministry of Reconstruction may enact, tho
roturn of poaco will necessarily bo followed by yoars of questioning, change
and unhoaval beforo tho now ordor of
life cun emerge, and to the millions
who will be involved in that turbulent
transformation poaco will not at once
boar a lovely appearance.
Wo aro not thinking of thoso who
havo cherished tho  war for its own
sake, and whoso lamentation is hoard
in the Cambridge Magazine's poet:
"Thoy aro taking away My Wur!
Now, just as  it  was becoming most
beautiful to me and precious;
It cannot end now, It is not finished!"
We nro not thinking of thoae who
havo mado an esthetic habit of war,
and will regret tho radiant shafts of
cubic searchlights, and the "halftones" of London evenings under the
shaded lamps. Nor of those whoso occupation of shifting little flags upon the
maps and expounding strategy upon the
marble-topped tables of the clubs will
soon be gono. Nor again of thc many
who hnvo gathered into bunks tho rich
harvest of death, and now can but repose upon thoir accumulated storo. We
are thinking rather of the thousand
officials who will miss the salutes in
Parliament street, will miss tho martial
garb of belted tunic, sparkling leggings
and riding brocchoB that never touched
a horse; will miss the oflico tabic piled
with assorted documents in wiro trays,
and tho companionable lunch, so like a
mess upon tho ensanguined field.
But, abovo all, wo are* thinking of
tho thousands of men and tho innumerable women who havo. toiled for yearB
in tho munition sheds, engineer shops,
areoplano factories, dockyards and
mills, have enjoyed something more
than a living wago, and for the first
time known what sufficiency and oven
plcusuro meant. Their occupation also
will be gono, though no pomp and circumstance attended it and to thom also
peaco will bring no plenty, nor will sho
at onco wear a lively look.
But whethor peaco appear lovely and
plentiful or poverty-stricken and sordid, everyone, except the profiteers and
somo fugitive nnd cloistered philosophers, now agree that no such disaster
as thc war has befallen Europe sinco
tho barbarian invasions. Death and
destruction being tho solo method of
war, evory war is in its naturo tcrriblo,
and no Haguo conventions cnn ever
make war gentlo and sweet. But in no
other war has tho youth of Europo been
so deeply involved in death, and in no
other havo f amino and desolation
spread so far, or so many beautiful
cities and homes been destroyed. All
admit that now. And yot, if this is to
be'tho last,of wars, tho next generation, or' the next but ono, will havo .to
stand alert against two dangers which
seem deeply inherent in tho mind. Wo
havo spoken once beforo of tho glamor
which timo sheds over wars, as indeed
over all tho past. Even over love-
scenes, timo throws a heightened lustro,
and tho lover forgets tho discomforts,
the heat and cold, tho hunger or thrist,
tho gnats or piercing wind, nil the
temporal cares of tho occasion.. Much
moro docs memory play tricks with
war, and most journalists, historians,
artiBts nnd survivors, not to mention
tho censorship, do their utmost to increaso the natural glamor of memory.
In fifty years' timo tho young will listen to tho hoary occupants of club armchairs as they descant upon tho glories
of tho great wnr whon thoy themselves
wcro young. "Ah, those wero grand
times, my boy!" wo can hear tho imaginative veterans repeating; "Glorious
times inflocd! when wo nover know
from day to day on what stunt (that
was then the common word) on what
stunt wo might be sent, or whother by
the evening we should bo alive or dead.
Wo thought nothing of tho mud nnd
dust and frost and lice. Hardship was
forgotten in tho splendid momont when
zero camo, nnd wo rushed ovor tho top,
following tho roaring barrage, and
plunged our bayonets into the soft
of Huns. Spacious timos, too, wo may
call thoso years of tho Fifth Goorgo,
our noble king! No dull routine, no
narrow horizon then! Why, tho merest
working man could see Bagdad for
nothing! Bagdad, Jerusalem, Cairo,
Athens, Salonika, Aleppo, and God
knows what! With good luck he could
visit thom all."
So romantic ago will talk, illuminating memory's page with lights that
never were. Nor will clubs and drawing rooms alono be tho studios of that
glamor. In every farmhouso, laborer's
cottage, and workman 'a dwelling
throughout tho country, stories of
strange lands, high a'dventuro and
deeds of prowess will spread and grow.
StorioB also of high wages, plentiful
food, sufficient clothing and thc joys of
cinema and music hall. Boys and girls
will listen to tho onchanting tale, und
will concludo that peace has its draw*
uacks no Icbb pronounced than war.
Closoly allied to the peril of this
imaginative glamor is the second human quality which induces wnr. Aa
tho modol prie in Mr. H. G. Wolls'
latest book observes, '' War tempts
imaginative, rostloss people, and a
stagnant place bores thorn." Tho
speaker supposes thnt in a world of
perpetual peace* tho *' Old Expcri
monter" (apparently a now namo for
Deity) would quit his offico and interfere because "man cannot stagnntc.';
Stagnation is not admissiblo in that
"great gamo" which tho admirable
young man identified with lifo. Cer
taiiily it is truo, an Schopenhauer long
ago maintainod, that man is always
vacillating betwoen toil and caso, and
that pain drives him to easo until boredom drives him buck to toil. Or, as
tho old catch suid, "War bringeth
poverty, poverty peace," Ponco in its
turn brings plenty, plenty brings war,
and so tho world proceeds upon the
dismal go-round, That is all very well*
and tho novelist's Peter might frighten
us with tho bogey of boredom if thero
wcro tho slightest danger of stagnation
after peace, But there is no need to
fear. Ask the Ministry of Reconstruction if they contemplate a period of
stagnating prosperity nnd fatty degeneration! We nood not. again recall tho
woll-worri lino about the victories of
poace; but lot us not forget tho much
less familiar words that follow: "New
foes arise, threatening to bind our souls
with secular chains." By on assured
foreboding, we all know who those foes
will bo. Thoso who will seek fo maintain the militarism now established in
this country, yho will seek to continue
conscription in permanence*, to install
Appreciation
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir,—I
must congratulate you on tho quality
of your papor from un educational and
instructive point of viow, to not only
tho workerso but to all people who
have an interest in tho welfaro of the
world's humanity. A eopy of your
paper has fallen Into my hands for
the past several weeks, and I havo
pasRod it on and on till it boeame unreadable through uso. I nm writing
for ono set of ton subscription cards,
which pleaso mail by roturn, und I will
endeavor to Bccure tho necessary subscribers.
CARMAN,
Winnipeg.
Editor B. C. Focdrationist: Sir—In
your issuo of tho 20th inst I havo rend
with a certain degree of astonishment,
and not a little amusement, the story
of a pieco of coal, by J. S. Woods-
worth, in tho Boys' and Girls' Cornor.
Well, ns you know, this is written by
a grown-up boy, having arrived ut the
ago of manhood many moons ere ho
ever saw Vanconver. Still, liko our
friend Mr. Woodsworth, I like to take
some interost in boys and girls, knowing as I do that they will be tho men
and women of the future.
Therefore, my ohjeet in troubling
you on this occasion, is for tho purpose
of correcting, if possiblo, thc flagrant
errors of this would-be teacher of the
young, who, it seems to me, \_ not well
informod in the subject ho has undertaken to tench. I hope he will pardon
me for saying so. But facts uro fucts,
and, according to tho best authorities
on tho subject, he seems to bo completely ut sen, or like a mun lost in a
fog bank. If ho is incapable of grasping the olemontary facts of geology
and astronomy ho should lonve them severely alono, otherwise ho is bound to
get lost in a mnzo or a haze, or something of that sort. Although ho is by
namo related to wood, he should not by
nume try to mako us bolicvo that coul
wus aatually made from wood. Neither
was tho coal fields or coal beds formed
at the timo of tho glacier period. They
wero formed many thousands of years
previously, aB tho facts of geology
clearly demonstrate That luxuriant
sub-tropical forests did exist prior to
tho glacier period is an indisputable
fact, and thiut adjacent to tho north
polo too. But we can easily account
for thut fact by acknowledging another fuct, which fact goes to show
thnt tho sun -must havo been Bhining
on the poles of tho earth for u longer
period thnn it does now. Then we
must tako into consideration that tho
intensity of solar heat was much grent-
or at that timo than it ia nt present,
for wo know tho sun is contracting at
the rate, of ono second of arc in ten
thousand years. No doubt you cnn calculate what a second of arc is measured on the sun's equator when I tell
you tho sun is eight hundred and seventy thousand miles in diameter, and is
nearly twelve thousand times tho site
of the oarth.
Although I do not believo for n single moment that tho earth tiped as
stuted by Mr. Woodsworth, It is possiblo tho piano of tho ecliptic was not
exactly what it !b now, becnuso wo
know it can be demonstrated that tho
wholo universe of ono hundrod million
stars, including our own littlo insignificant earth, rotates on its axis onco
overy twenty-fivo thousand years. 86"
that the earth describes a circlo perpendicular, or at right nnglos to the
.pcliptic onco in twenty-fivo thousand
years. Thereforo, many changes could
take placo during that time with which
wo aro not familiar. In fact tho historical record ,of man's advent on tho
earth is only but of yestordny with
regard to the formation of tho coal
moasurcs; thoy belong to tho latter part
of the tertiary period of the earth's
history, which geologists claim was
only six per cont. of tho wholo, and
they wcro formed, not by glaciers but
by tho cooling and contracting of the
enr.th's crust, which must havo taken
millions of years to cool and assumo
its presont form. The mind of man can
scarcely grasp tho tremendous upheavals and eruptions that havo taken
pluce in thc crust of tho earth while
cooling. We aro told tho interior of
thc enrth is still in a molten stato, and
that tho crust of tho earth doos not ox-
coed forty-five miles in thickness. So
that in proportion to its diameter, it
is much thinner than the shell of un
egg. But It is not shaped liko un egg,
by no menns. Tho enrth is almost a
complete sphere, 27 miles boing tho
difference botwoen the equatorial and
polnr dinmctors. With tho contraction
of tho crust in places tho earth naturally subsides, carrying tho vegetation,
etc., nlong with it, which wns eventually covered with water and mud, nnd
through chemical uction this vegetation, primarily in tho form of club
mosses, wns converted into conl, It is
possiblo tho glacier period niight hnvo
formed tho peat bogB, but novor tho
coal fields. And if a lump of coal is
condensed sunlight, so is also a whole,
or a grnin of wheat, or a human boing for thnt matter, for wo aro all children -af the sun—a microcosm df tho
macrocosm, a cosmic unit of tho larger
cosmos—tho flower and fruit of the
planet we call tho earth. But without
the glorious smilo of the beautiful sun
no living thing as wo know it could
possibly exist on this oarth. To me It
is not ot all surprising that t nations,
tucos and people have worshiped the
sourco of all lifo on thia plunot—tho
sun.
Yours fraternally,
D. J. MORRISON.
11(11 Granvillo St., Doc. 23.
Resolutions Passed on Intervention in Russia and
on Political Prisoners
At the Walker Theatre in Winnipeg,
on Sunday, Decomber 22, the following
resolutions wore pasBod on tho quostion
of tho release of political prisoners, and
tho intervention of tho Allies in
Russiu.
Rev. W. Ivons introduced the following resolution:
"Whereas, sinco the outbreak of the
recent European wnr, certain men hnvo
been imprisoned for offences purely political; whereas, any justification that
there may have been for their imprisonment vanished whon tho armistice
was signed; therefore, bo it resolved,
thnt this muss moeting of the citizens
of Winnipeg urges thc government to
liberate all political prisoners; and bo
it furthor resolved, thut n copy of this
resolution bo Bent to the Acting Promier and the Minister of Justico."
In moving tlio abovo resolution the
Rev. W. Ivons said that human nature
was inherently restless. Mon who wore
full-blooded always had, and always
must, protest. Progress wns impossible
without protest. Therofore lho men
who refused to accept tho dictation of
the powers that bu iu the various nations were not necessarily criminals.
Quito often posterity recognised in
such men tho saviors of tho raco. He
was not, therefore, asking for tho ro-
lease of criminals, but for tho release
of crimeless eriminnla.
Intervention in Russia
R. B. Russell moved the following
resolution:
'Wo, citizens<bf Winnipeg, in mass
meeting assembled, hereby protest
against tho sending of furthor military
forces to Russia, and demand that the
allied troops, already there bo withdrawn, thu? allowing Russin to work
out her own political freedom without
outside intervention."
Mr. RusboH concurred with the chairman 's ussortion that this was tho most
important resolution confronting tho
audience. Britain stated thnt Bho entered tho war on account of the invasion of Belgium, yet four years later
wo find her invading Russia, tho country that sacrificed fivo million lives in
the nllied causo. When tho allied
troops first went to Russia, tho plea
was made thnt they wore to re-establish tho Eastern front ugainst Germany, but this plea will no longer be
heard as a renson for the retention of
allied troops in Russia, but thero is
good ground for suspicion that thore is
a concerted attempt to overthrow tho
proletariat republic of Russia. Thero
is a wido divergence, Mr. Russell asserted, between tho press reports of
conditions in Russia and tho opinions
xprossed by travellers returning from
that country. For example, Mr.- Raymond Bobbins, ono of the last of the
allied representatives to leave Russia,
according to an interview published in
tho Butto Bulletin, asserts thut Lenine
is thc greatest man in the world, and
Trotsky n close second; also that tho
Soviot government has tho support of
tho mnjority of the Russian people, and
is doing as well ss cnn bo oxpocted under tho circumstances, Mr. Bobbins
complains that on his return from
Russin, ho attempted to intorview
President Wilson to lay tho facts of
tho Russian situation boforo him, but
wns put off 'on ono protext or nnother
until after nllied troops had landed on
Russinn soil. Mr. Bobbins clnims that
ho.has abBoluto proof thot tho Bolsheviki nro ust, nor hnvo ever boon, fln-
unccd by German gold, und it is his
Intention to publish a book in tho near
future setting forth tho RusalnTi situation as ho knows it. The speaker drow
a round of applause when ho pointod
out that evon in Canada whenever tho
workers took a stand for their rights,
thoy wcro immedintely accused of nc-
ccpting German gold, wherens tho main
troublo with the workors is that thoy
don't got gold of any kind. Capital
is international, continued Mr. Russell,
and it looks vory much as though
troops wcro being sent to Russia to protect tho investments of capitalists in
allied countries, and prophesied that
capitalism must eventually disappear,
just as the fotidnl system had disappeared to givo place to capitalism.
The resolutions wcro both pasBed
with cheers.
Tho theatre wns packed from the
commencement, and at tho conclusion
cheers wero givon for tho Russian domocracy.
Baltimore—Judge Urnor of the court
of appeals has ruled that where a workman is injured through negligence or
thoughtlossness on his purt, he is entitled to compensation under tho Btnto
laW which debars compensation whero
tho worker Btistnincd injury through
"wilful misconduct." Tho court distinguishes between these attitudes of
mind.
tho present bouuroaucrncy In its desks
for ever, to enslnvo the personnl soul
and conscience to "that cold-hearted
monster, the stato."
But to ordinary people who enjoy no
special advantages of profiteers or
prigs, tho approach of peaco brings nn
inexpressible and UHhesitnting relief.
Habits hnvo been formed, and tho country hag grown accustomed to the Btate
of war, but with what delight we shall
shake oil habits and defy that monster, custom! Earth will again lie open
to tho sky, and lho sun and air bo again
admitted to the poisoned ground where
tents and hospitals onco stood.
Even thc huts and domiciles of
"Cuthbort" will in courso of time
mouldor and disappear, leaving not a
wrack behind. Again tho energies of
an hivenLive people will bo turned to
labor whose purpose is no longer death,
but in some sort a'fullnoss of life; for
elso it would not bo attempted. Wo
may hardly speak of death's cloud,
soon to bo riven, and lifted at last
Callous as some have shown themsolves
to tho million deaths of othors whose
livcB were at loast as precious as their
own; dull as have beon tho minda that
from a distance could contemplate wnr
as a fascinating game, we would gladly
givo tho dullest and most callous tho
crodit of feeling some relief. But upon
those who know what war means, tho
chanco of war's ccBsation beBtowa a
radiant joy, almost too radiant, too incalculable to bo realized. Is It possiblo
that nn end Ib really coming to all
those hideous forms of death—thoso
severed heads and limbs, protruding
bowels ,hearts and lungs and stomachs
transfixed by long two-edged knives,
faces blown off, eyes toru out, tho
breathing stopped, tho skin scorchod
und pooled liko onion skins burnt
brown! Is it possiblo that thoso thousands of prisoners may now roturn
alive , and that Buch boys as still survive may now live on into maturity
without perpetual fear? No common-
placo of consolation can nlloviato t-ho
sorrow for the dear, so early thwarted
of existence; but, not tho less, the
world will not breathe moro freely
again, na though awakened from a
heavy and torturing dream. How best
shall wo celebrate so radiant, n transformation, so unimaginable a joy!
Many splendid menus suggest thomsolves. But just to give fhe variegated
life of the future a good start, nnd to
show thnt pence does not noccBsnrily
involvo the boredom of stagnation, wo
would humbly propose that, on.tha first
day of peace, our readers wiU'join up
in a procession to burn D. O. R. A.
under whatever form of effigy mny
seem most appropriate for that lady,
then obsolete and poruicioUH,*—Tho
'"Nation.
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There's no clammy, hard feeling to this coat, _ It is just at
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The color is a dark fawn.   A very useful and smart coat for a
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Base-
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Stetson's and Italian hats are six dollars, and often this is
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It's a beautiful quality felt and here in new shapes and all thc
popular colorings. —Men's Store Main Floor
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
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their comfort, their health—the necessity of keeping
their teeth in proper condition.
X*Ray fllm. takon; lO-yenr
gttarantoo given; Victory
non-U takon In exchange
lor Dental Work.
Phone  Seymonr 3331
Dr. Brett Anderson
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602 Hastings St. W. Cor. Soymour St.
Office Opon Tuosday and Friday Evenings Until 8 o'clock
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS TBIDAT—. Jemmy 8, 1HI
■  a -i e______b
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Ono of luo first ciprcsslons to con-f Owing to tho fact that foreign periodi*
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front tho stranger in Japan, who attempts to discuss internal affairs with
residents, or to learn something of tho
social and economic history of tbo
country, will bo"dungorousthoughts,"
This phrase was originated somo years
ago by a Japanoso statesman and un-
liko Roosevelt's "undosirabl-s^itizcn,"
the President's "watchful wafting" or
tho moro recont " Pro-German, tl
phrascB already in the discard, this
Japanese expression seems to bo grow*
ing in favor and will no doubt bo used
many years to come. I first hoard it
from thc lips of a young Japanoso student in Tokyo, and as timo went on I
had occasion to learn moro ef its truo
moaning nnd import. Thero is great
fear on tho part of Japuncse author!'
ties that the people will think dangerously. There aro many kinds of dangerous thoughts. In a general way
they includo anything in tho way of
Weatern civilization which cannot bo
introduced without endangering the in*
togrity of JapancBo social and political institutions. Obviously Socialism
is ono of these. It iB considered by
the authorities tho most treacherous
and dangerous of thom all. But thore
aro others, the desiro of working men
to orgunizo, equal suffrago, equality of
opportunity, women's rights and liberties, for .instance. Missionaries havo
boen tolerated in Japan aince the opon-.
ing of tho country to outaido communication, yot it is my earnest conviction that the spirit of equality and democracy whioh permeates tho Christian
Church is itself an evor preaent source
of danger, and if the authorities saw
a convenient way of getting rid of tho
missionaries they would bo glad to do
so.
Tho Japanoso conception of the
Stato and his theory of govornment Is
vastly different from our own. No
Japanese legislator over thought of the
"consent of the governed," and any
suggestion that might bo so interpreted
would cost a Japnnese statesman his
political futuro. The Emperor is supreme and grent eare is takon to impress the populaco of his divinity. The
school children aro taught that ho is a
direct descendant through a line of ancestors extending back 2G00 years, of
the Oods. I onco discussed this mat*
ter with a young Japanese Christian
and he frankly acknowledged that
Japanoso Christians did not believe it,
though the Japanese authorities aro
vory anxious to porpotuate tho idea.
Ono of tho most important things the
childron in school learn is tho Constitution, tho first part of which sets forth
tho Emperor's powors and may bo freo-
ly translated thus: "Tho Empiro of
Japan shall bo reigned ovor and governed by a lino of Emperors unbroken
for ages external. Tho Emperor is
sacred and inviolable. Tho Emperor
is head of tho Empiro, combining in
himself tho rights of sovereignty and
exorcising them according to tho provisions of this Constitution." Tha
whole theory of governmont ih the Jap*
aucse stato haa itB basis in the belief
that tho Emperor is tho descendant of
tho Oods, snored and divine. Japanese
officials, from policamen to mayors, exercise thoir authority sololy through
appointment by tho Emporor. And
while ctoctions aro hold from time to
time, thoso in practico amount to nothing moro thnn a roquost that a certain
man shall be appointed to a certain
office.
In Tokyo I met a newspaperman of
culs circulate very little among the
working clasps of Japan, little attention has hitherto been paid to these,
tho samo has boen true of books published in English or other foreign
languages. In tho fall of 1017, howover, an extension of the censorship to
includo theso classes of literature was
annonaced. It is truo that from time
to time all classes of literature were
subjoct to searching, if irregular investigation, resulting sometimes in summary suppression. An incident of this
kind occurred,—an old resident of
Tokyo informed mo,—shortly aftor tho
execution of Socialists in 1910. Tho
authorities investigated books, presumably those found in libraries, and any
found with thc word "social" or any
suggestion of It in the title, were
seized. No attention was paid to tho
text of the books nnd ofton books woro
seized that had nothing to do with soeial problems, nor could they, by tbo
farthest stretch of imagination, be construed as promoting ' • dangerous
thought.''
Tho caro of the police in detecting
and arresting the spread of "dangerous thought" is shown by my own experience, which occurred in Tokyo. I
waa staying at a small Inn, near tho
Ueno Station. I camo in about nino
o'clock ono evening and wes preparing
to rotire, whon, without previous announcement or request for admission,
two men entered my room. Jnpaneso
rooms have no locks, tho doors or walls
consisting of frail screens of papor and
lattico construction. Tho mon wore
Japaneso civilian clothes, showing
nothing to indicato that thoy wero police, exhibiting no symbols of authority, though announcing that thoy wore
polico. I invited them to bo sentcd.
One of the men was a police captain
and spoko no English. Tho other man
was of lower rank and acted as interpreter. At all hotels in Japan guests
must givo their name, ago, occupation,
nationality and plnco of residenco. This
information was flrst of aU verified.
My occupation was noted to bo that of
photographer. Ah, yes, would I bo so
kind as to tell the kind of pictures I
was making. I drew from my luggago
a large assortment of photographs from
America, tho exhibiting and explaining of whieh immediately became a so-;
eial event, rathor than ono of business.
Tho questions woro endless, but at last
they recalled tho object of their viBit j
and asked for my passport. I had no
passport, but furnished an affidavit of j
citizenship, and many other papers to
establish my identity. Among these
papers was a newspaper clipping containing my picture. This was takon
and laboriously examined. Tho text
had to be read. This clipping described a locturo I had given somewhere in
tne States and someone had been kind
enough to say that I waa a "keen observer of men and affairs." This sentence waa the causo of much discussion.
Would I explain itl "Keen observer,"
said tho interpreter, "we understand:
'mon' of course we know the meaning
of, but this word 'affairs' we do not
know; will you please explain itf Has
it anything to do with SOCIAL PROBLEMS?" I explained to my callers
thnt "affnirs" might moan any sort of
activity in which men ongago or interest themselves, and apparently satisflod
thom. Their interview, which lanted
nearly two hours, thon drew to a close.
They assured mo that ull the question-
- -. , . ling had been for my own protection
long oxperienco and   protracted    rest- l^nA endot] by, inviting mo to witness
Mass Meeting Held Last
Sunday at the Empress
(Continued from page 2)
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Cascade ia a UNION product from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
dciico iii Japan. "I recall," ho sail
"the summer vacations I used to spend
in Nikko. Tho prosent Emperor, then
tho Crown Princo, used to be a common sight, nobody pnid much attention
to him. I frequently saw him in tho
garden of the villa, which as you may
remember, is in the upper part of tho
city. It affords mo much amusement
when I contrast theso experiences with
what happened thero last year. The
authorities made suro that no onc must
forgot the divinity of tho Emperor.
Tho polico overran tho town. They
warned everybody that they must not
view lho Emperor's carriage from an
upper floor balcony. Even tho street
car conductors were instructed to draw
the blinds on the sido facing tho royal
villa, lest somo of tho profane might
catch sight of his sacred majesty." The
divinity of tho Emperor hns been dwelt
on to some extent, becauso in tho first
placo it shows the theory underlying
thc Jnpaneso systom of government,
and secondly it shows tho peril of allowing tho spread of "dangerous
thought." It is difficult to know to
what extent socialism has spread in |
Japan. A young student who spoko
English well, confided to mo that ho
wns a Socialist, but on questioning I
found that his knowledge of thc subject was quito limited and his philosophy much confused. My newspaper acquaintance above quoted opined thnt
he was probnbly woll known to tho polico but considered harmless, Mr. Carl
Crow, in discussing Socialism in Japan,
has this to say:
"Somo of tho malcontents turn their
attention to Socinlism, though necessarily in Bccrot, for a fow years ogo several Japanoso subjects woro executed
for no greater crimo than a public
avowal of belief In Socialistic doctrines. Sinco then Socialists havo flourished in a secrecy so woll guarded that
onc cannot mnko nn intelligent guoss
of their numbor. Socialist books nro
clandestinely publishod and circulated, i
Somo dnring souls oven mnnngo to
mako stroet speeches, carefully sugar*
coating the Socialist teachings with patriotic sontiments. It is this clement
that is responsible for tho many riots
in Tokyo in tho past few years. They
are but following tho precedent set by
many othors in other lands, for when
the ballot' is denied, It is human naturo
to turn to the cobblestones. In tho
past thoso disturbances have nover
been vory serious. Thoy have seldom
had any deflnito objoet, except a display of doflaneo to constituted power,
it may bo many years beforo theBo disturbances take on a moro serious
aspect, but discontent, the loss of faith
in tho impeccability of the Japanese
State, and tho tendency toward Independent, modern thought on political
things lms yearly grown moro pronounced."
Naturally tho censorship of .Tapanese
books nnd periodicals has been enre-
fully looked after. Jnpaneso newspapers are especially hard hit, This
results in thoir publishers "playing
safe." From time to time their editors are jniled. They never know whnt
dny they mny be nrrestrd and fined by
lho police authorities- Rome papers, It
in snid, maintain a "jail editor,"whose ,
duly it is fn submit to nrr-pst, and as- j
Bttmo responsibility when the censor-
sliii) authorities hnve to be satisfied,
nnd whoso duties havo nothing to do
with  tho literary work of the pnper.
Judo exorcises by tho police tho following week, but they loft me with tho
uncomfortnblo fooling that they would
he back in an hour to affect my formal
arrest.
Dangerous thoughts will spread in,
Japan. It is possiblo to imprison individuals, but not ideas. Constituted authority may succeed for a time In suppressing revolutionary activity. My
observation during my visit in 1017 led
mo to believe tho Japanoso peoplo unusually patent nnd docile, I told friends
at the timo of my return that possibly
no political change of importance
might occur for twenty-five years. But
tremendous food -riots took placo in
Japnnese cities this year, and tho swift
raovoments of events elsewhere in tho
world loads one to think that tho revolt of Japan's submerged masses is
not quito so fnr away as was once
thought.—Tho World, Cal.
ONTARIO FARMERS ARE
NOW WAKINO UP
President of United Fanners of Ontario
Declares It Is a War Against
Oapital
'We caunot lift ourselves by
tugging at our boot laces," declared
President Hulbcrt beforo tho United
Fnrmors of Outnrio recently. "Militarism haa received its death blow in
Europe. The battle of the futuro will
bo fought with ballots, not with arms."
'It will not be a battlo of nations,
a race war, but u buttle agaiast moneyed aristocracy, who own tho country
financially and control it politically
and not in tho public interests. They
control nt will tho market whero they
buy their supplies and tho markot in
which they sell thoir products. Tho
peoplo grow produco and have to buy
from tho hands of corporations and
small groups of people who arc directors of our banks and railways nnd
owners of our industries.
"And wc talk of democracy and liberty. Aro you who wero bom in Cnnada and you who hnvo como horo by
choico from other countries and who
have helped transform tho wilderness
and forests into an agricultural country, also you who have fought fa thc
trenches, going to havo anything to suy
in this reconstruction period, or arc
you going to let this country become
a country of peasants exploited and
ruled by commercial and financinl
buronsf
"But things uro ennnging rapidly
and we havo to faco tho crisis of today in tho world's do vol o pin ent. Nothing liko it has ever occurred bofore
in tho history of lho world. Wo are
absolutely at tho purling of tho ways,
one way leads to democracy, safety and
peace; the other lendi to absolute
ruin."
"A resolution was pnssed nsking tho
Union govornment "to tnke notice of
lho unrest that exists among tho farm-
rs, citizens nnd returned sohlirrs,
hoWlng the awnkonlhg of tho con-
science of the DMSB0S Hint GmMttors
their fooling ogalnat the classes,"
Another urges upon tho govornmonl
the neccHS.ty for BOnorOUS treatment
of the returned soldiers nud slill anothor demands a cctsiLtlon of a "promiscuous legislation by orfloMh'Oounoil,
and the Wnr Times Eloction Act,"     '
refuse to pay any attention to it." No
worthy causo evor had to depend on
"verboten" signs to support it. - It
was only tyranny that had to resort to
thnt kind of action.. Of courso, society
could put him in jail; but that had happened to "the best men over walked
God's green earth." It wns an old truism that "Truth is ever on the scaffold
and error on tho throne."
Tho spoakor createdtsome amusement
by relating how the local Socialist
Party some years ngo had caused
tho consor's office at Ottawa
to bo "smothered with communion*'
tions," following the ban on tbe
"Appeal to Reason," in consequence
of nn article by Dobs, of which tho Socialists hero had reproduced 20,000
copies and scattered them broadcast.
Ho pointed eut that mail addressed "O.
H. M. S." didn't even need a stamp;
and, by the requirements of "rod
tape," ovory letter bad to be nnsworod.
As to the recent edict on popular educative literature, ho said, "that edict has
been absolutely defied;" The literature
in question had been sold with absolute
disregard of tho order-in-council; and
that course should meet with the appro*
val of the workers. , With regard to
Bussia, he declared that there had been
the most artistic lying ho bad beon acquainted with.
Mr. Kingsley referred to tho projoet
of intervention In Bussia on the ground
that tho Bolsheviki would not pay tho
claims of the French capitalists, who
had financed tho old regimo. The
spoakor suggested thnt the money-lenders should "go and chase the Ctnr"
for their money. (Loud applause.) He
was opposed to the sacrifice of tbe lifo
of oven ono Canadian to collect that
bill." Not a capitalist on earth over
had anything to loan that thoy did not
first steal from the slaves. As to tho
vaunted1 wealth existing today, he declared, "There is n't anything to it but
fignros. It's what you may call 'figurative* wealth." (Laughter.) The only
real wealth in Bussia was in the hides
of tho Russian slnves themselves. Tho
only thing their, ruling class had lost
by tho war was tho firm grip they once
had on tho muss of slaves.
Tho speaker recalled the time of the
Paris Commune, when ovor 50,000 workors were killed in tho streets, whilo
the United States and other powers
stood by and Bmilcd." Now, in Bussia, they would multiply thnt slaughter
a hundred-fold in ordor taht the workers there should not have that kind of
Democracy that seemed to them tho
only kind worth while. "If we are to
have self-determination of nations,"
he said, "we must keep our hands off."
It would have been no worse for the
Germans to come hero, "and make.us
two-step to their 'verboten* signs,"
than It was for tho Allies to do tbe
same in Russin.
Tho Allied powors had formerly declared for '' no annexations or indemnities;" now they wero in favor of both,
Tho only way tho Germans could pay
was in products, spread ovor an interminable period of time; if thoy did
that, "there isn't a ping anywhere else
in the world that could find a solitary
thing to do," tho speaker declared. Tho
debts woro simply "unpayable, irro*
doomablo orders on the future."
Concluding, he insisted thnt it was
"none of our business whnt tho people
of Russia think proper to do about their
own business." (Applause.) "Wo
hnvo got to sottlo tho solf-deterinina-
tion of our own country—and spoed tho
day when thero is no longer » mnster or
a slavo anywhoro in tho world."
Tho following wero tho resolutions
carried:
(1) "Whereas, the censorship regu*
1 lntions in Canada havo boen so extended as to preclude tho workors of this
country acquiring a correct knowledge
of tho activities of tho workera in other
countries, and
"Whereas, a knowledge of international affnirs is noceesary for social
progress;
"Therefore, he it resolvod, That this
mass meeting of citizons of Vancouver
require tlio government at once to remove tho censorship regulations iu
their entirety."
(2) "Whereas, President Wilson
has clearly expressed a policy respecting the solf-determination of nations;!
and in No. 6 of his fourteen points, de-
PAGE SEVEN
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mands evacuation of all Hussion territory and opportunity for Bussia's political dovelopmont;
"Thereforo, be it resolved, That this
mass meeting of citizens of«Vancouvor
plnco ourselves on record ns being opposed to intervention in Siberia, or any
interference in Bussia's internal affairs."
It may bc noted that on tho samo
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in Vancouver, tho French chambor becamo n scene of pandemonium on thc
government's declaration, "That intervention in Russia is inevitable."   Tho
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WtlU D. J. EI-Nlia, 3111 Hlb.ru SI.
Vancouver, B. O. PAGE EIGHT
10% Discount to Soldiers in Uniform on First Outfit
These
Warm
Overcoats
Last
Several
Winters
ftnttaM 1918 Ban Sdallncr & M,-*.
They're here for you in every model you can think
of—cosy, roomy Ulsters; good semi-fitting models,
raglans with and without belt across back—and
all of them full of style and distinction.
We have them in a great variety of .beautiful
fabrics in shades of grey, brown and heather mixtures. Under "Our Right Selling Plan" the prices
will surprise you.
$25 to $50
Claman's
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
The Pioneer Union Store
Some Press Items on Russia
STEAM ENGINEERS
HOLD BUSY SESSION
Trade With Bussia
I hear that Sir Arthur Steel Malt-
land, head of the Overseas Trado Department, is preparing, in conjunction
with the Foreign Offico, to Bend out
at onco specially-trained commercial
agents to Bussia and the Far East to
collect information for our business
mon which will enablo them to entor
into and execute foreign contracts as
quickly as possible.—The Sketch.
Siberian Markets
In spite of tho turmoil in the populous centres of Russia, all recent roports show that tho outlying parts of
tho country offer great opportunities
for tho resumption and dovelopment of
British trading relations, while in Si*
boritt and China tho possibilities are
practically unlimited.—Tho Skotch.
Twelve Executed for "Bed" Uprising
Washington, Doc. 27.—Twelve men
wore shot by courtmnrtinl orders after
an armod uprising by Bolsheviki at
Omsk on the night of Docombor 22,
says a cablegram received today. Thf}
Bolsheviki succeeded in freeing prisoners hold in tho Omsk prison, but a
detachment of governmont soldiers
quickly arrested twelve men who had
participated in tho outbreak. They
were promptly tried and executed, tho
official roport says. This incident
closed beforo dawn.
Piledrivers
At the regular meriting of Local No.
150, Piledrivers and Woodon Bridge-
mon, hold December 27, tho main business was election of officers, which resulted in tho election of Bert Beid as
prosidont; Frank Dunlop, recording
secrtary; W. F. Ironside, business
agent and financial secretary. Conditions are steadily improving in the
trade and prospects for steady work
for all hands are good.	
START THE
NEW YEAR RIGHT
Buy
"Fashion
■   Craft"
Clothes
-SOLD BY—
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
5(14 GRANVILLE ST.
A Union Storfe
Still Somo Oases of Sickness—South
Vancouver Matters Are
Discussed
Local 620 held tho last mooting of
1018 on Monday, December 30, whon
several matters of importance wero discussed, among them being a communication from tho B. C. Fedoration exocutive in reply to our request for advico as to tho desirability of circulating a petition for an eight-hour day
for engineers, it being the request of
thc Now Westminster membership that
a potition be circulated. The Federation executive recommended that the
petition be, not circulated and gavo
good and sufficient reasons which were
accepted, and tho letter placod on file.
Soveral communications were read
from tho boiler inspection department
rogarding a small steam plant on
Water Stroot nbout which complaintB
had been mado regarding its operation
in contravention of tho act. Tho secretary was instructed to tako tho mat-
tor up further with the department,
when it is hoped that thc matter will
bo cleared up. A delegation from tho
Laundry Workers was given tho Io6f
for a short timo to enable them to
sell tickets for their dance which they
nro holding for the purposo of providing funds for tho defence of ono of
their membors who has been sentenced
to __*•** A vory liberal responso wo$
mode.
Reports were mndo of the sickness
of two members residing in South Vancouver, Bros, Head and Porter. Bro.
Porter's whole family boing down with
tho "flu," extreme difficulty is experienced in obtaining a nurse. Tho chaotic stato of affairs in South Vancouver, it was pointed out, mitigated
against tho efficient handling of such
casos, Bro. Read Vas reported in a
very dangorous condition, but is in
competent hands nnd it is hoped that
he will recover,
Tito prevalence of sickness and lack
of efficient management in that locality was commented upon, and thc
South Vancouver authorities would do
well to tako cognizaneo of these facts,
Aftor various routine matters wero
dealt with, among them boing the election of Bros. Mc Knight and Crawford
to tho investigating committee, tho
mooting adjourned.
A. fl. V. B. Carpenters, Victoria
The last mooting of tho year, ond
probably tho quietest, was held by tho
Amalgamated Carpentors on Thursdny
ovening, Dec. 20. Tho most interesting
business was tho report of tho commit-
too appointed on tho local Labor paper,
Tho Tribune. Apparently tho paper is
not tho success which was nt first anticipated, for according to Bro. Jones,
the printer, Mr. P. Smith, who nccepted
the responsibility of getting tho paper
out, is "several hundred bucks in the
hole," nnd tho suggestion was put
forth that tho local should subscribe rn
bloc.
A delegation consisting of Messrs.
T. Donley and Thomas was
giVOti tho floor, also on bo-
half of Tlie Tribune, and Mr. Dooloy
was of tho opinion thnt if the unions of
Victoria would givo their whole-hearted
support, that tho Colonist could bo put.
out of businoss. After discussion tlio
matter was tabled until next mooting,
Bro. Ley was appointed to represent
thn local at thc formation of tho now
District Council at, New Westminster.
Tho moeting adjourned early, aftor
the retiring president*, Bro. X Stevenson, had wished tho membors U prosper
ous New Year.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
 -___j___l---&mm* "    ■'—'■?   ________      •' i ~
FBIDAT ^ January S, 191*
Chas. Lestor Was Speaker
at Meeting Held Last
Sunday
A good-sized aud encouraging moeting wns held in the Columbia Theatre
on Sunday evening. The nudicneo wns
very attentive and appreciated tho address of Mr.' C. Lestor of Vancouver,
who kept them in the best of humor by
his witticisms, as well as by his forceful methods of getting his points homo.
There was a marked differenco in the
personnel of tho audience, as the khaki
clad boys of tho Siberian Expedtion-
ary Forco were absent, most of them
having departed on the expedition,
which haB us its ostensible object thc
civilization of the Bolsheviki. Doubts,
howover, nro expressed as to the capability of some of those boys for civilizing any onc or anything, nnd just the re-
verso may occur; they may pcrchanco
como under the benign influence of civilization themselves.
Mr. Watchman was, as always, a capable chairman.
Mr. Lestor, in opening his address,
said he might possibly offend somo in
tho meeting. Ho hoped so, and ho
might enablo some of them to seo thc
light ,nlthough with some peoplo it wub
nocessary to knock their brains out, before they could see; and tho working
class wcro especially guilty in that direction. All govornment implied a governing, and a governed class and rule
and rob were synonymous terms. The
retrned soldier wns not going to got
anything; all tho ruling class wanted,
was to get all they can out of him, and
wo would find him in the near futuro,
(aa in the paat), begging for charity
in the streets. The result of tho eleetion in Britain was no surprise. Lloyd
Goorge had fooled the people for a
generation. Ho had inaugurated all
sorts of fako reforms and then boastod
in tho House of Commons of how much
ho had saved the country. Neither
Lloyd Oeorge, Wilson or Clemenccau
could do anything for the working
Class. Thoir chiof function was to use
their flim-flam tactics for tho interest
of tho capitalist class, to prevent the
workers rising and hurling that class
from power.
There was-a timo in history whon
great men as leaders wero of somo uso.
But that day had gono. Nowadays,
leaders may command go, but tho system goes on irrespective of thom. As
an example, tako Alexander the Great,
who built up a great empire, but which
fell to pieces on his death. Such a
thing is not possiblo today. Tho donth
of Kitchener mado no differenco in the
prosecution of tho war; things which
could havo been dono by loaders iu a
former ago, woro impossible now. Why?
Becauso this was tho ago of tho machine, and tho machino dictates what
shall bo done; for the machinery of production was not run by society, but on
the contrary, society ib run by tho machinery of production. That machinery
was falling to pieces and nothing could
provent its falling to the ground, bo-
cause It was founded and built on tho
rotten and atrocious system of Blavery.
Bussia was a lap ahead, owing to the
collnpso of tho system there.
A man works to livo, but a slavo lives
to work, and as rcgardB the so-cnllcd
dignity of lnbor, wo of tho working
class havo no moro dignity than n brok-
on-down hack horse, for wo socm to be
quito content to go on, begging for a
job and starving in the midst of plenty,
which we ourselves have produced. And
wo stand passively by while thoso nt
Ottawa mako legislation suitablo and
agrooablo to tho class whom they represent ,and until the workers throw off
thoir stato of torpidity, and realize that
the ruling class will never got off the
backs of the workers, until thrown off,
tho working class will occupy tho slave
position. Tho product of labor in the
shapo of commodities haB got to bo
sold. Production is for proflt. And
when wo consider how everything Ib adulterated, wo can in a measure realize
the truth of that statement. Tho aver-
ago wago in tho United Stntes was $2
>cr day, and the wealth produced equaled $10 per day, so that tho worker
was plundered of four-fifths of tho pro-
duett Onc rosult of this was that every
capitalist country must bo an imperialistic country, because tho grout increase of wealth was driving them further and furthor afield in ordor to secure moro territory for exploitation.
It was for this reason that Italy and
Turkey, Japan and Russia, .matte war
upon each other, and while that system
lasted, we could expect nothing clsc.^
Regarding Russin, the speaker said
thero was a close similarity between
tho forms of settlement of the war, and
tho terms in tho secret treaties in the
archives of Petrograd, which tho Bolsheviki had disclosed. After all tho
campaign of lies and calumnies, the
Bolsheviki woro still Intact, and they
would not be put down, nnd Allied
guns or bayonets could never resuscitate or restore capitalism again in Rub-
im.
For tho United StatoB there was no
hope of a peaceful solution of tho problem, becauso tho ignorance both at the
top and bottom was making for a gigantic catastrophe. Tho rifling clasB of
tho United Statos wero sitting on tho
safety valve. "Try to imagino a country wheTc twonty years in the pen iB
tho punishment meted out to bloodthirsty Bibjp studeuiW'
The efficiency of labor had tremendously Incroasod, and factories wore
springing up on tho other sido of the
Pacific. Tho Japanese and Chinese
capitalists wero invading the world s
markets; tho markets woro becoming
exhausted ,nnd unemployment would bo
more prevnlent, thc outlook was anything hut rosy (for tho capitalist eta)
as tho workers have nothing to Iobo, it
was up to them to worry.
Tho speaker wont on to explain that
the war hnd been paid for by tho productive energy of the working class,
during its progress, that the workers
had muAo all the sacrifice, bore nil the
suffering endured the tortures of hell
at tho front, and in the industrinl hells
nt home .and all they got at the end
was—nothing.
In talking of wealth, the speaker
pointed out that the C. P. R., wliich
was staled to be worth ho many millions of dollars would, in tho event of
thc working men who had run that
road, stopping work, just be so much
junk, for capital was wealth used to
exploit labor and is wrapped up in tho
hides nnd carcases of tho working class.
Prayers wero useless for religion was
used to dopo tho people, accidents in
mines, etc., wero always attributed to
divine providence and religion was one
Wool
Smatei
Coats
FOR WOMEN
A garment of excellent
appearance and of practical style, comes in saxe
blue, Paddy green, purple, coral or maize, with
brushed wool collar, cuffs
and pocket trimmings in
white. The model has sash
belt, is attractively knitted and fits splendidly.
All sizes.  $12.50 each.
575 Granville Thon Sey. 3540
means of binding thom to a life of ser*
vitudo. The working class wero Bhoe-
Iosb, because they had made so many
shoes; coallcss, because they mined too
much coal, without bread, because they
had raised too much wheat; everywhere
labor haB produced a vast surplus. For
moro than is necessary for tho upkoep
of humanity and yot poverty is everywhere with tho condition of the working class, owing to tho fnct that tho
master class own and control tho moans
of lifo.
Mr, Lestor, in conclusion, urgod the
workers to mark well their enemies,
for tho signs wero at hand of the coming storm, and when that day of reckoning camo, tho parasites, who had oppressed and trampled upon tho workers
of the world, would surely get their deserts.
That much interost was takon in tho
address was Bhown by tho enthusiastic
uttitude of tho audience. A numbor of
questions woro aBkcd and answered satisfactorily. Tho chairman announced
that a collection of $34.50 had been
takon.
LONGSHOREMEN AND
MUNITIONS FOR SIBERIA
Seattle Longshoremen to Tako Action
on the Question of Handling   ,
Munitions
United action by nil tho locals of tho
International Longshoremen's Association of tho Pacific Coast was agreod
upon at a special meeting of tho Stevedores, Dockworkors and Warehousemen's Union No. 38-12, Seattlo, hold
last week, as tho only solution of the
question as to whether longshiromen
should handle munitions for the expeditionary forces of tho allies in Siberia.
A committeo was selected to draw up a
resolution urging action, and tho resolution will bo forwarded to the other
locals by the district council. Much
feeling was manifest at tho meeting.
Tho question as to what action tho
local longshoremen should tako with
reforonco to the handling of munitions
enmo up over a lcttor addressed to the
Central Labor Council by Hulet M.
Wolls, wliich was rofcrrod to the longshoremen's union. At tho subsequent
meeting of tho union held a week ago
last Friday*, resolutions wore passed declaring that whilo the workers should
refuse to handle the munitions, tho
initiative was up to tho workers in the
munitions factories. Dissatisfaction
grew over this action, nnd at tho meoting last Friday tho special mooting for
tho reconsideration of the matter was
agreed upon. ,
ABSENTEES AND THE
PEACE CONFERENCE
[By M. Lcites]
The mnn who challenged tho world
for tho supremacy of royaliBm iB now
inscribing into his codicil to posterity
tho fact thnt physical force, after all,
is not tho force wjiich will ever conquer
or subdue tho world.
Aftor 40 years of constant military
preparations, after 40 yoars of harnessing nil tho elements necessary to
formulate and bring up a forco to its
highest maximum of power, efficiency
and perfection; after holding the worid
by tho hair, tossing it and bleeding it
at will for four long years, a fow agitators within a comparatively short
timo demoralized his armies, disorganized his fighting machino and his entire schomc of dominating tho world
buret like a soap bubble
Now tho mnsters of tho world havo
decided to como togothor in tho hope
that thoy may discover that mysterious
talisman, thut hidden unknown force
with which they may succcod to permanently subdue tho world to thoir
will und to thoir verdict of what is to
bo called social stability and economic
democracy. Tho spectacular conglomeration of men, distinctions and contradistinctions, tho glare, tho pomp
and the spirit of importance that will
lake placo around that univcrsay conference tnblo for tho purpose of selecting a fast color for tho world's toga
of peace will iu reality servo as another great historical fact that sophistry—solemn, fascinating and brilliant
us it may seem, is juBt as powerless na
is physical forco when it is compelled
to faco tho actual truth, thc truth thut
the key to tho "Sanctuary of Peaco"
is In thc poHsoiision of the toiler, nnd
that without his consent nil attempts
and speculations to find nn ontrUnco to
the Sanctuary of Peace will prove absolutely futile.
Tho great intellects, tho veteran
statesmen and the export manipulators
who will sufrouiid that conforonco
tublo should bo wt*ll aware of tho fact
that as long as the toilet waa   in  a
Strengthen the City Council!
Because the city council in past years has been inefficient does
not mean that no good men have been elected to it
Every year, more by good luck than good management, two or
three bright and progressive men have been elected to the
council. Had they not been elected the affairs of the city would
now be more deplorably muddled than they are.
Butji chain is no stronger than its weakest link, and because
several mediocre, time-wasting men, with little else in view
than the moderate aldermanic salary, have managed to get on
the board year by year, the energies of the council have been
largely dissipated in futile talk.
What is wanted in the city council is a complete board of men who
will administer the city's affairs wittTTu^Miik7"action,
vision and understanding.
By carefully selecting the candidate to vote for this year the ratepayers can greatly improve the tone of the council and the administration at the City Hall.
Every ratepayer owes it to the general welfare of Vancouver and
to his own pocket to see that the best candidate in each ward is
elected.
This advertising space is paid for by subscriptions
of public-spirited citizens.
stato of lethargy and waB entirely ignorant of his rights, of his power and
of hid importance, just so long they
could uso him at their will and compel
him not only to acknowledge tho legality of Imaginary boundary lines, tho
divino origin of property possessions,
tho will of Ood in selecting him ns the
beast of burdon and as tho creature of
insignificance and nrisory, but thoy
could oven compol him to flght his lifo
nwny for tho porpotuity of those fictitious institutions. Now, howover,
when tho toiler has awakened from his
lothnrgio Blumbor, whon ho became
conscious of himsolf, when ho can seo
things in their real actuality, whon ho
discovered tho agencies   which   kept
him constantly under opiates and In
total ignoranco of everything surrounding him, whon, In short, ho found himself to bo tho roal mnster of tho world
and tho rightful ownor of tho worl'd
possessions, what functions docs tho Illustrious conforenco expoct to porform
in the absence of tho roal factor of tho
situation I
14 DAY SALE
Men's High Grade Boots
The greatest sale of Men's Footwear
ever staged in Vancouver
By January 15 we must reduce our stock to make room for new
shipments. We're going to do it by sacrificing the finest line of
shoes in the city in a great 14-day whirlwind sale.
Dick's Shoe Store has been running less than a year—there's not
a pair of old or shelf-worn stock on the premises. Every pair of
boots is new—selected—the pick of the factory in its particular
line.
HERE ARE JUST A FEW OF THE BARGAINS
McPherson's Boots in Gunmetal—
Regular value $9.00. A fine all-round boot in Gunmetal
Calf—white or black neolin soles—neat in appearance-
fine quality—comfortable last—a Union-       0(* As
made boot. Sale price _  «pu.rlu
High Top Boots—
A line of bargains that makes it possible for every man
to have a pair of reliable "High Tops."
14-inch Top, in Army
Grain Leather	
The popular Amherst
High Tops 	
$7.95
$6.95
14-inch Top, in Urus
Calf. Reg. value $9.50..
10-inch Top, in Black
or Tan 	
$7.95
$6.95
$8.00 values in Leckie's "Skookum"
Boots—box calf $6,95
$6.50 values in Valentine's & Martin's Work Boots  85.45
$9.50 values in Tan Boots—McPher-
Bon's Union made  $6.45
$5.00 Work Boots—will give good
service $3.95
Our Guarantee—"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"—as usual
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasfr.
Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back 10% off to Returned Soldiers

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