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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 5, 1920

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$2.00 PER YEAR
Will Address Meeting in
Royal Theatre Before
Going to Winnipeg
Federated! Labor Party to
Hold Convention Here
This Week-end
Comrade J. 6. Woodsworth, who
'Was released recently along with
F, J. Dixon from a charge of "Seditious Ubel," has been for the past
two weeks. visiting hts family,
"Visiting" must be the right word,
for his home In the last eight
months has been at the Winnipeg
front, and It Ib only between trials
that these visits are possible. He
has to leave next week for Winnipeg, and appear for trial on a
charge of "seditious utterance," to
come up March IS.
Comrade Woodsworth got a rousing reception when he spoke here
two weeks ago, and it is anticipated that he will got a fitting
send-off when he speaks to the
Federated Labor Party meeting in
the Royal theatre next Sunday
evening. Tbere will be a short time
for questions after the address.
The doors will bo open at 7:15 p.m.
Meeting will commence at 8.
The second annual provincial
convention of the Federated Labor
Party will meet in O'Brien Hall on
Saturday and Sunday. The sessions
will be at 8 p.m. Saturday, and 10
a.m. and 2 p.m. Sunday. Admission will be by current membership
card of tho Federated Labor Party.
The immediate future Is brimful
of Interest to all political parlies,
and the discussion will be interesting enough to warrant a large attendance of the city membership.
Thin convention has beon timed to
accommodate delegates to the B. C.
F. of L. convention at Victoria,
which meets the following Monday.
Owing to the convention sessions
being held in the hall usually occupied by the Labor Sunday school,
there will be no meeting of the
school next Sunday afternoon.
The F. L. P. Debating Club haa
also decided to postpone its meeting till Saturday, March 13, on
account of the convention meeting
at the snme time. At the next
meoting of the club, Comrade W.
Bait will give a short address.
Tho meetings of the club are held
in the Labor Party headquarters,
M0 Dominion Building.
Will Address Meeting tn Victoria
Next Sunday evening A. S. Wells,
secretary of, the B. C. Federation
of Labor will address a mooting In
the Labor Hall, North Park Street,
Victoria, B..C. As there are likely
to be many labor men in the Capital City to take part in the annual
convention of the B. C. Federation
of Labor, there may be other
speakers in addition to thc secretary of the provincial organization.
Copy of Issue of Jan. 16th Wonted
Readers of The Federatlonist
having a copy of the Issue dated
January 16th, 1920, will oonfer a
favor if they will forward same to
The Federationist offlce, as all copies of this issuue were sold out, and
a few are needed for filing pur
' poses.
Co-operative Societies to Be Co
ordinate*! and Wholesale Society to Be Organized
A big Co-operative Union for
B. C. will be organized as a result
of the Co-operative convention
held ln Victoria last week. Delegates from 30 co-operative institutions were in attendance as the
result of the efforts of C. B. Whitney Griffiths of the Farmers Institute and a great deal of enthusiasm
was manifested by the delegates
present. The organisation of "The
Co-operative Union of B. C," will
be open to all existing consumer
and producer societies run on the
Rochdale plan in British Columbia.
The union will carry on the work of
organizing new societies and helping those who need assistance. A
bulletin will be issued monthly and
all the societies kept posted on the
development of the movement.
The convention also elected
committee to take up the matter
of collective buying and the establishment of a Co-operative Wholesale Society. Another convention
will be held at a later date.
Craft Unions Versus the
O.. B. U. Interesting
Did you ever try to rustle a sub.?
If not, why nott
Will Speak on Problems
Facing Workers of
All Lands
The propaganda meeting of the
Socialist Party of Canada will be
held In the Kmpress theatre as
usual, next Sunday night, and Jack
Harrington will be the speaker,
Under the Socialist movement,
there is coming a time, and the
time may be even now at hand,
when improved conditions or adjusted wages will uo longer be
thought to be an answer to the
cry of Labor; yes, ,whon these will
be but an Insult to the common
It is not for improved capitalist
conditions, better'wages or a ahare
of capitalist profits that the Socialist movement is in the world. It
la here for the abolition of wages
and profits, and for the end of
capitalism and the private capital
1st, Reformed political institutions
boards of arbitration between capita) and Labor, philanthropies and
privileges that are but the capitalist gifts—none of these can much
v longer answer the question that is
making the temples, thrones and
parliaments of the nations tremble.
There can be no peace between the
man who Is down, and the man
who builds on his back. There
(can be no reconciliation between
. classes; thero can only be an end of
classes. It is Idle to talk of goodwill until there is first justice, and
Idle to talk of justice, until the man
who makes the world possesses the
work of his own hands. The cry
of the world's workers can be answered with nothing save the whole
product of their work. If you
would become acquainted with the
farm and character of capitalist so.
dety, go to the Empress, where
knowledge can be found.
Doors open at 7:30, Meeting at
t o'etook. Questions and a free
platform for discussion.
O. B. U. Born of Conditions, Not Because of
Leaders, Says Smith
The debate between George H.
Hardy and J. Q. Smith, held lost
Sunday in the Avenue theatre, on
the question of International
Trades Unionism, versus the O.
B. U. was well attended, the theatre being comfortably filled, R.
Sinclair occupied the chair. The
arrangements were for each speaker to have half an hour, questions
were then to be asked for, and the
platform thrown open for ten minute speeches by any member of the
audience, and to conclude, each of
the principals were given five minutes to reply.
Wanted Him to Decline
The chairman, in opening the
meeting, announced the arrangements, and asked for perfect order
for each speaker, he then called
on George Hardy, who in opening,
stated that there had been some
efforts made to prevail on him to
decline to enter into the debate,
the reasons being given were that
he would not be given a fair hearing, AH he expected, however, was
tho usual fairness of a Vancouver
In Line with Capitalism
Coming to the subject of the debate, he took the position that capitalism was a system of wage slavery, and any organization of the
workers that could .stay In existence, must conform to that system. He referred to statements
made by. W. A. Pritchard and Jack
Kavanagh, taking the stand that
they did not understand political
economy, but had only studied
Marx's Capital, which Marx himself had stated was only a critique
of political economy. He said that
the O. B. U. was built on the basis
of the class struggle, and there
was no collective bargaining in the
class struggle, while the A. F. of
L. endorsed collective bargaining,
and conformed to the present capitalistic system, and the development of that system to the fullest
extent, and ho took the position
that only by the development of
the system to the fullest extent,
could it be brought to its end. He
referred to what he termed contradictions in tho O. B. U, constitution, and stated that there was
more autocracy in it than there
ever was in tho International trades
He also stated that the workers
had been deceived by the cry of
democracy, which was impossiblo
whore there was a militant minority, tho two terms being contradictory. Referring to the professionals in the Labor movement, he contended that these were necessary.
. Born of Conditions
J. G. Smith ,in opening, stated
that Mr. Hardy had said but little
In favor of the A. F. of L. He
took the pqstlion, however, that tho
now form of organization was not
(Continued on page 8)
Decks Cleared for Final
Action in Trial of Labor
Spokesmen at Winnipeg
Lengthy Battle to Decide Form of Final Combat—Pritchard Has a Little
Fun and Wants His Books Back—Justice Metcalfe Persistently
Refuses to Admit Evidence as to Part Played by Citizens'
Committee—W. H. Trueman, K.C. Well Known
Constitutional Lawyer Called In
(Special to The Federationist)
Winnipeg, March 4.—Decks are being cleared for action in
the trial of the seven labor men charged With seditious conspk
racy in connection with the big 1919 general strike.
Both sdes battled nearly all Tuesday, all Wednesday and part
of Thursday in preparation for the final court scene in this great
act in the drama of labor and capital and the addresses and
judge's charge to the jury should proceed with as much rapidity
as consideration of this history-making trial of ideas will permit.
During all this lengthy argument the jury had a holiday, spectators only witnessing the battle of wits which decided the form
of the final combat.
A. J. Andrews, K.C., active lawyer in behalf of the so-called
"Citizens' Committee" (a bitter anti-labor organization which
the workers charge committed many alleged wilful acts during,
tho strike) and now sworn to see that the accused get a square
deal by virtue of his appointment as chief crown prosecutor by
the government of Canada, closed the crown's case at 10:20
o'clock Tuesday morning.
It brought relief to all concerned. During nearly six-weeks
they had listened to the reading from nearly all bf the one thou-
The defense does not expect to
call any -witnesses and will put
In no exhibits.
Judge Hardened o Case
During the last few days of the
trial Judgo Metcalfe experienced a
remarkable change of heart regarding lta length. More than once,
when the witnesses were less numerous and the cross-examination
keenest, he expressed a desire to
have the case move along more
'I don't care how long, l'vo become hardened to it," he said less
than half and hour before the
crown announced that it hud called
its last witness. "I am getting sick
and tired of references to the sav
ing to time, and I don't care how
you feel about it," he continued.
These remarks resulted from a mild
request by the defense for information from the crown as to how
many more witnesses it expected
to call.
The government said lt would be
O. B. U. General Workers
Unit WiU Carry On
Active Campaign
Twelve new members were admitted to membership in the O. B.
U. at the General Workers' Unit
meeting held In the Labor Temple
last night. The meeting was well
attended, and a keen interest displayed by tho members.
The organization committee appointed at the last meeting, reported. A recommendation of the
committeo that an organizer be
appointed was not concurred in,
the members taking the stand that
the men on the job could do all
the organizing necessary, and more
effectively than a paid officer.
Other recommendations of the
committee for the appointment of
a speakers and literature committee, and other committees to cover
the different Industrie!, were adopt
ed. It is the intention of the unit
to carry on an active organizing
campaign during the coming
months, and a deal of enthusiasm
wag displayed by tho members at
the results now being achieved by
tho amalgamation of tlio different
units in the city. The secretary
reported that there was only one
union laundry in town, the Excelsior and that thc following places
carried an O. B. U. card. Model
Cafe, 67 Cordova St. W. Holdon
Block Cigar stand. And tho L, J.
Ryan Cigar Store, S15 Main St.
The amended constitution way considered hut as there was not sufficient time left to deal with all the
clauses, the matter was laid on
tho table until the next meeting.
through on Friday. Things seemed
to go bad with It and it declared
lt would wind up the next day. So
sure was the crown that tt would
be through that afternoon that the
Tribune, one of the slimy afternoon
Winnipeg papers which is always
telling how fair it Ib, came out with
a scare head across its flrst page
that tho crown had concluded its
case that afternoon.
But the case evidently did not develop as the prosecution hoped. So
it continued all day Monday and
part of Tuesday. It is true that it
did not, by and means, exhaust the
list of witnesses whose names are
on the ba'ck of the indictment, put
started to put in more names of
persons whom it hoped would bolster up badly battered portions of
Us case. First it began by giving
the defense notice several hours ln
advance that it would call them.
Then it actually called them without any formal notice at all. Objection to this mothod caused Metcalfe's declaration that he was not
concerned about the amount of
time consumed. Tho jurors evidently wero, for they asked, at the conclusion of the Monday afternoon
session, that night sittings be resumed. The judge and others concerned did not favor this procedure.
Wants His Boo? s
A. Pritchard, of defendants,
put a little humor into an otherwise
dull day's proceedings when he asked, during the Wednesday morning's session, that the crown return
his copy of Karl Kautsky's "Class
Struggle." He had made a similar
request before. This book, along
with numerous other economic
works, was taken from Pritchard's
home In Vancouver when it was
raided by members of the Royal
North West Mounted Polic. It was
put in as an exhibit ln the trial of
R. B. Russell, convicted labor uni
ioniBt now serving a two-year term
for alleged seditious conspiracy in
Stony Mountain penitentiary. For
reasons best known to itself the
■and and ten exhibits put in by tLe crown; and the evidence of
one hundred and thirty-three witnesses called by the prosecution.
These exhibits were taken from the homes of workingmen in
$vcry part of the country, at all hours of the day and night. They
consisted, in most part, of the writings of the world's greatest
economists, men whose arguments have never been answered by
apologists for a crumbling system and a bankrupt class save
through the use of force. One by one the testimony of the witnesses called to prove that these seven members of the working
elass were guilty of a conspiracy, to have labor set up a class administration of society, was broken down or actually turned in
ffcvor of the defendants, in their opinion, at least. It was hard
t0 do this with five witnesses, however, for they consisted of
depositions of men now far away from the scene of the strike.
All five are rich enough to spend these shivering cold Manitoba
*lays in either sunny California, balmy Florida or in sanitariums
outside the Dominion, while the families of the men on trial as
well as other members of their class who had their holiday last
summer are slaving away in the very Winnipeg industries whose
stoppage during the general cessation of work is now considered
ji crime against organized society.
Why Not Do It Now?
Many splendid responses have been made during the
past week to the call for funds for the defense of the men
now on trial in Winnipeg. From one logging oamp $275
was reoelved. The loeal longshoremen, through the
efforts of a committee, have collected $131. Much more,
however, is needed, and after the rebuttal of the charges
made against the administration of the defense fund,
Which appeared in the last issue of the Federationist,
there is no reason why there should be any hesitation on
the part of any worker to contribute to this fund. The
money collected is being used for the purposes which it
ia appealed for, and no other. Every dollar counts. If
you can't give a lot give a little, the money is urgently
needed. This is a workers' fight, and only the workers
ean or will pay for it. Have you done what you can? If
not do it now.
British   Workers   Have
Taken Up Russell
Call on Workers to Bring
Pressure on Government of Old Land
The Winnipeg defence committeo
lato last year placed before the
British Labor movement the case
of fl. B. Russell and thc btjier men
arrested ns u result of thu Winnipeg strike. The following communications; which urn fully explanatory, have been reeclvad in
The Minors' Federation of Great
President, Mr. Robert Smillie,
J. P., 05 Itusscl Square, London,
AV. C.  1.
Secretary, Mr. Frank Hodges, J.
February 9th,  1920.
Mr. J. Law, Winnipeg, Man.
Dear Comrade: 1 have your letter of the 29th of December, and
am deeply Interested in its contents; eldcntly governments nnd
capitalists have gone mail In nearly every country In the world, ond
It would seetn that in tho Wost, in
Canada and the United States, the
governments, which are capitalistic,
have made up their minds to crush
out anything In the nature of an
organized attempt hy the workers
to improve their conditions.
Organized Labor In this country
Is so much taken up with serious
national crises of their own as to
(Continued on page 8) i
crown did not use this book as an
exhibit in Pritchard's own trial. It
cannot be said that the crown decided that Kautsky's little volume
contains certain passages which
wonld make favorable ammunition
for the defendants to fire, back to
the jury for Andrews, J. B. Coyne
and other lawyers who worked for
tjie so-called "Citizens' Committee"
aggregation during the strike de-
oiare they are trying to give "even
Ipanded justice" to the accused,
firtjtchard, however, had considerable fun with them. He told how
lhe "niountles," who made the raid,
forgot to take along a bag to carry
their seizures, and therefore emptied a sack of potatoese into a bag
o.( [oatmeal. Prltchard wanted to
knh.v if the potato bag was also seditious. He then asked that the
bocks taken from his library be returned, Coyne broke into the play
fcil discussion, declaring all Kerr's
fbooks, as well as other volumes
Hen, were banned by the laws of
ihadn. Here's part of the comedy
which followed:
Plato's Republic
Pritchard: "Even Plato's Republic wa* banned when published by
that linn."
Metcalfei "Very likely we have
some fools sometimes who get into
public positions."1
Coyne: "Pluto's Ropubllc was
:banned in Canada because it advo
;cated community of women."
Pritchard (laughingly): "Bo that
as lt may, according to the law of
.Canada, as it now stands, I can now
.have that book or any other book
'qf Kerr's in my possession."
Wanting to Know
I Just before closing the crown's
,casc, Andrews asked senior defence
counsel if he would admit that J.
..kavanagh, of Vancouver, and G.
Cascaden of Windsor, two of the
jaHoged conspirators, whose names
are given in the bill of particulars,
W6re present in the court room
during any part of the trial.    Of
course,   no   such   admission   was
When court resumed Tuesday
afternoon, a member of the Mounted Police was put on the stand to
swear that lie saw Kavanagh in
court several weeks ago, and that
he knew him because he had attended meetings in Vancouver
which Kavanagh attended. Then
another "mounted" swore Joe
Knight of Toronto was in the court
room several weeks ago, and that
he saw Knight in Edmonton many
monthB before. No one waa put
on to identify Cascaden. His home
was raided by the Ontario Provincial police, no "mounties" at that
time being established in old Ontario,   Several more exhibits were
T. A, Barnard Gives Address on
Wby the O. B. U.
The monthly social and dance of
the OU Refinery Workers' Union
of loco, was held on February 27.
President T. Knowles as chairman,
had a splendid programme to get
through of songs, musical selections, etc., rendered by Mrs. T.
King, Mrs. F. Medley, Mrs. F.
Hurst, Miss Hutchinson and Messrs
Martin, Valentine, Kruok.
Mr. T. A. Barnard gave a splendid address on "Why the O. B. U.
Is In existence." AU workers hear*
Ing Comrade Barnard's address
who are not already affiliated with
the* union of their fellow workers
will Join up at once. Mrs. Barnard
gave a short address on the Women's Auxiliary, which was much
appreciated. Supper and a dance
accompanied by the Clayton orchestra, brought an enjoyable evening to a close.
It required fifty-one vans to move!
the personal belongings of the former kaiser.
Western Conference Determined Strike Says
Prosecuting Counsel
Votes and Speeches By
Queen in City Council
Are Questioned
(Special to The Federationist)
(By Gordon Gascadefi)
Winnipeg, March 4.—Every one
of the seven men charged with seditious conspiracy ln connection
with the 1919 general strike will
face the jury according to the spirited opposition which A, J. Andrews, chief crown counsel, mado to
motions for dismissal of the
charges against all of accused
Thursday afternoon. The legal representatives or the men themselves
«i,.,i nt.■« a„. .   ,. ,      got up one by one at the beginning
filed Monday,  including a number    . .,      *. , ,        »
' '   of the afternoon boss on and made
seized in the homes of Kavanagh
and Cascaden. During the filing
period, Judge Metcalfe asked the
crown to tell him how many copies
of the Communist manifesto and
the manifesto of the Socialist Party
(Continued on page 8)
Has   No   Intention
Attacking Poland or
Would Re-educate Capitalists, Says Soviet
A Berlin correspondent of an
American newspaper, Just recently
asked Lenin several questions by
wireless. Lenin's reply was as tol-
"Do wc Intend to attack Poland
and Roumania? No, we have declared emphatically ond officially
in the name of the council of the
people's commissaries and all tin
Russian goneral executive commit
tee our peaceful Intention. -It is
very much to be regretted that the
French capitalistic government is
Instigating Poland and probably
Roy mania to attack us. This Is
even mentioned by a number of
American radios from Lyons. You
aslt about our plans In Asia, They
are the same as in Buropo, namely
peaceful, neighborly life with all
peoples, with workers and peasants
all nations awakening to the new
lifo without exploiters, without
panhandler.., without capitalists,
without merchants.
Imperialistic War
The imperialistic war of 1014-
liiIS, d war of Anglo-FrericW and
Russian capitalist groups against
Germany's capitalistic group for
lhe partition nf the world, lias
l.ened Aula and has strength-,
oncd there as everywhere else, tendencies towards peaceful labor and
(Continual on page C)
Union Delegates Invited to
Visit Russia to Study
(By tho Federated Press.)
London.—A call to the trade nn
Ions of Britain to understand and
share the struggle and the hope of
thc Russian proletariat has been
sent here by wireless from the
trade unions of Russia.
'Let your delegates como to
study the situation themselves and
becomo acquainted with our professional movement," says tho message. "We invite all workers and
all oppressed or persecuted. Wo
shall greet them with open soul
and outstretched arms,"
The Russian trade unions have
continually attempted to reach the
unions of oilier nations, but have
bcen met with the bayonets of the
governments "who arc afraid of
tho truth about the mighty and
heroic example of the Russian proletariat," the message declares,
The appeal concludes:
"For all real revolutionaries, the
Russian trade unions will have
special Interests, because good or
bad, thoy are practical attempts at
Socialism. We desire to share our
experience with you. Wo want you
to share with us, for only a Joint
struggle of the proletariat of the
whole world, close co-operation in
its economic organization am] a
direct struggle for socialism can
lead to final victory."
motions for dismissal. They
heard with the Jury not present,
the jury spending nearly all day
outside the court room.
Many Employers Willing
to Grant Scale; Afraid
of Big Fellows
Present Attitude of Em*
ployers May Lead to
Fir logs $20, $25, $90, cedar $30
to $50, hemlock $22.60 and wages
not yet up to the rldlclously low
minimum of $6 for camps, and $5
for mills, which was set by the
January convention. The employers realizing the necessity for coming through with the men's requirements but, as usual doing so
as little as possible, have put up
the rate all around 60c per day,
from March 1st. And this during
a period of comparative scarcity
of skilled loggers. There ore, of
course,.a number of men now working ln tho camps who have had
little or no experience at the work.
They are mainly prairie chickens,
stump ranchers and fossilised horns
guards, and other men who have
been roped in to the industry by
the boss during strikes, and used
as scabs, or else decoyed onto the
labor market of this particular industry in the hope that their competition for Jobs might have a tendency to keep the practical and experienced logger satisfied to put
his demands for improved conditions and higher wages on paper
only, and not into effect on the
In Good Position
The present situation Is that the
experienced man can command any
wage he cares to ask, and the workers in the industry are in a position to establish a standard of working conditions that conforms to
the legal requirements and also to
the schedule passed at the two
The attempt of the employers to
stave off payment of the full union
scale is not only ridiculous and unjustifiable, but is likely to result
adversely to their interests, for it is
not to be expected that the men
will much longer sit patiently
awaiting the profiteers' pleasure.
lt is reported that the employers
propose to make another advance
of 50c a day on May 1st, but the
indications   are  that   before   that
It was expected   that   Andrews date they will be faced with de-
would begin his address to the Jury | mands, not for the $6 camp mini-
sometime today but It may be near
the noon hour Friday, before he
Regan With Bray
One by one Andrews discussed
the alleged activities of the accused,
giving reasons why the crown
would press Its charges against him.
It still has Hie charges agalns Ivens
and Heaps to discuss. It begun with
Roger Bray.
"Tlie crown will claim that Bray,
when in going up to the parliament
buildings, at the head of a large
parade and acting as he did, that
was in itself seditious," Andrews
"The accused, Bray' used very
insulting language to the Mounted
Police—the King's soldiers. We
have also the evidence of Zaneth
who heard the accused, Bray, in
Calgary, when he referred to the
Royal North West Mounted Police
as skunks and snakes. Tlie evidence
shows, Uie crown contends, that
Bray was chiefly responsible for
the parades which inspired terror
into the people of this community."
Andrews said R. J. Johns wa* a
member of tlie Trades Council in
1918 and that he and R. B. Russell
were delegates to the Quebec Convention from the Trades Council.
Radical Resolutions
"A number of radical resolutions
all practically worded ullke, were
submitted to that conference anil
mum and $5 for mills, but wtth a
minimum at leust $1 a day higher
in each case,, and this demand with
others, they will not be given the
opportunity of discourteously ignoring, but will have to face, at
short notice, if any, on the Job. At
tlie same time, premises at present
occupied by a notorious scab-hiring agency are likely to be for rent,
and its management seeking fields
and pastures new.
Bolshevik* Amongst Kinploycrs
As usual, certain employers and
their hirelings are raising lOud
cries about agitators and disrupters
of industry, but from all accounts,
there are quite a number of employers who are coming very quickly to a realization of the fact that
within their own ranks are certain
"Bolsheviks" whose policies, if
much longer pursued, will mean
financial disaster; not for the hip
corporations with unlimited financial credit and political pull, but
(Continued on page 8)
tlio very significant thing is that \\pw WwshmnfltAr Rrnnrh
eight of them were from the ma-|^eW « esnnilWlCT Jtfancn
to Be Opened Satur-
ohinists1 organization In thu city,
with which they are affiliated. It
is significant thut they wero defeated. On January 24, 1910, Johns
said: "Bloodshed could only be
avoided by education of the working class." lie said Johns was del"
egated to the Western Labor Con*
fcreneo In Calgary and was chairman of thc polioy committoe and
day, March 20
The first quarterly meeting of the
Vancouver Co-operative Society,
Ltd., will be held within the next
fifteen days. As soon as the value
of tho stock  has been determined
that conference.
Special privilege naturally tUrns termlned   oi
to mob violence and other forms of Johns went east and on his
force because forco Is the only do- he continued his propaganda.-1
pendable protection for what Is ac- W. A. Pritchard is shown to be
quired by fraud. (Continued on page 8)
that he was elected to tho pmpug-j and the financial   report   prepared,
anda committee.   The crown con- due notice will be given the mem-
tends that as far as Julius is con-  bershlp for the meeting,
corned the strike really   was   de-[ Now Westminster
The Now Westminster branch at
Help Those That Help You
It is the intention to make the Federationist a daily
paper within the year. To do this a large circulation is
essential. Today the Federationist is well on the way to
22,000 of a circulation. This, however, is not enough.
Forty thousand is the figure set, and which it is hoped
will be reached before the year is closed. Circulation,
however, means expense, the cost of the paper with delivery and overhead charges being greater than the subscription price. Our advertisers are supporting the FederationiBt, and they expect returns. They are in business,
and naturally expect to see results from their advertising.
By patronizing our advertisers, the readers are at the
same time assisting the Federationist. Is it too much to
ask that those who evidently seek your patronage, and
are willing to pay for it by advertising, should receive
your attention? You should be able to judge.
y ! 38—8th Street will be opened
.Saturday, March 20, and the organizing committoe is Arranging
fur A general celebration on thut
day In thc store. It will be a regular get-together affair with a little
music and refreshments on the
South Hill Meeting
The South Hill branch Is practically assured, and In order to give
it a roal good start a meoting will
be held in the Municipal Hall at
43rd and" Fraser, next Tuesday
evening, March 9, at 8 p.m.
Dance ou Monday
A dance will be held on Monday
In thc Cotillion Hall, Davie and
Granville, under the auspices of the
Women's Co-operative Guild, Admission: Cents, SOc; ladies, 25c.
Four-piece orchestra.
Port Mood)' Mcctlnf
Port Moody Co-operators are determined to have a branch store in
that plnco and with this end in
view a meeting will be held In the
Recreation Hall, Thursday evening. March 11, at 8 p.m. The committee in charge is arranging for
music nnd singing, and everybody
in that locality Is Invited to attend*
>".»».>-.."»..«».i i i i,i«i I, tuimnim i n . i i i
Moro than five hundred nurses
employed In hospitals in New York
and Brooklyn have formed a union. PAGE TWO
twelfth tear. No. to    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vaitoouveb, b. o.
FRIDAT-.v.w....l!»»*  I, tttt
There is no
High-Grade Suits for Men
$25, $35, $45, $50
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Alwaya Busy"
546 Granville Street
Slitter's Green Label Tos, lb bOc
Nabob Best Tea, lb. — 65c
Blue Bibbon Tes, lb, ......— *5c
Slater's No. 1 Coffee, lb 50c
Slater's Finest Streaky Bacon in
half or whole sides, regular 55c
Ib. Saturday only, lb. ...:....46'/30
Finest Table ok Cooking Salt, Saturday, 0 lbs. for 26c
Finest White Rye Kour, 491
sack, only .
Finest Pure Lard, 2 lbs ...
Fineit Compound Lard, 2 lbs.
Finest Beof Dripping, 2 lbs. ..
Finest Blood Sausage, lb	
Larg* Dried Prunes,  lb. ..25f
Large Dried Peaches, lb. S5«
B. * E. Split Peas, 2 lbs 25«
Finest Dried Green Peas, 2 lbs. ....250
Finest Pearl White Beau, 8 lbs. . SOc
Finest Quaker Con, tia  - 20«
Finest String Beau, tin 20o
From 8 a.m. to 21 a.m. we will sell
oor Finest Alberta Creamery
Butter, Saturday, at S lbs.
for .....  $2.10
Rog. 8 lbs. for «2.35.   Limit, 8
600 Fresh Pork Shoulders, all ««▼•
ernment     inspected,     weighing
from 4 to 8 lbs. Regular 38c lb.
Friday and Saturday, lb 29 Vio
B. 0. Fresh Eggs, dos.   .70c
Finest Peanut Butter, lb.   25o
Finest Kippered Salmon, lb 230
Finest Kippered Black Cod, lb 230
Finest Kippers, 2 lbs 25fl
Finest Boiling Beef from, lb. .......17«
Finest Pot. Roast trom, lb  17C
Fineit Oven Roast from, lb 200
Boneleen Rolled Roasts from, lb. ..286
Slater's Famous Si'^ar Cured Picnic Ham, weighl.ig from 4 to 8
lbs. Regular 35o. Friday and
Saturday, per lb 2fl'/iC
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb...BBo
Slater's Sliced Bonoless Roll, lb...45e
Canterbury Lamb Staw, lb .260
Canterbury Lamb Shoulders,
per lb   _...26'/sC
Canterbury Lamb Loins, lb 28b
Canterbury Lamb Legs, lb SSo
Slater'a   Flmous   Streaky   Bacon,
sliced. Rogular 50 e lb. Saturday
from 8 a.m. to 11 o.m.
Speeial  _ 46c
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb.„60fl
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire, lb.    ...SBt
Don't Forget Wo Han Got Lota of
Phont Sty.  3262
Phont Soy. 866
3260 MAIN ST.     FhODt Fair. 1688
Every Day You Wait
Makes More Trouble
for You
Consult me about yonr teeth— my advice is honest and reliable.
ilTTHEN you put ofl your den-
" tal work from day to day,
you are only creating new difficulties. Have your teeth fixed now
and save yourself needless discomfort.
1AM prepared to give you my
personal attention and to restore your teeth to a condition of
attractiveness and health. My estimates are always exceedingly
Dr. Brett Anderson
Personal Service Dentistry
602 Hastings St. W., Cor. Seymour
Phone Sey. 3331
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
EMPLOYEES The TrMmph of Bolshevism
Prince   Rupert   Central
Body Will Build New
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.       ::      Vancouver, B. C.
Better Shoes
for Less Money!
Are of genuine interest to
every man these days.
Quality for quality. AVe feel we can givo you bigger value
—a more up-to-date, good-wearing shoe for your money
than any shoo house in tho west.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 Hastings St. East
0. Be U. Takes  Action
Against Stool Pigeon
in Organization
Th© regular meeting of the
Prince Hubert Central Labor Council convened February 24 at 8 p.m.,
33 mombers being present.
Correspondence from the Premier Mine strike committee was
lend and fllod, with request for
publication of resolution passed at
meeting in I-iyder adopted.
The secretary-treasurer reported
that the committee appointed to interview the City Council with a
view to getting a re-consideration
of the wage scale granted to the
men of the health department had
been successful, the men to get the
same as that granted other work-
Del. Casey pointed out the
necessity of the city employees
getting together and presenting demands as one organization. If that
had been done ln the case being
discussed there would have been
more satisfaction all round. The
report was adopted, and committee
Ahe assistant secretary reported
the recommendation of the executive committee re renting the headquarters for another term. It was
that the best terms possible be
mado with the landlord for another
term as long as possible, and further that a committee be appointed
to report on the feasibility of building headquarters, which it was
recommended be handled by t
joint stock company. The repor
was adopted, and a motion (Cam-
eron-Burrough) that a committee
of five be elected to investigate the
feasibility of building a headquarters to be handled by a joint stock
compiny, was put and carried. The
nominations and vote were as follows: Cameron 16, W, Shaw 21,
F. Shaw 18, S. Cox 19, Rudderham
20, Booth 17, Morqe 15, Iverson 12.
Delegates W. Shaw, Rudderham,
Cox, F. Shaw and Booth were declared elected.
Stool Pigeons
The assistant secretary reported
that he had taken action ln regard
to a member-of the L. W. I. U. who
had been acting as stool pigeon for
the police In a recent liquor case.
According to his own evidence in
court, this Individual, John Spence,
had accepted marked money from
another stool and given it tt» i
woman for liquor, afterwards com
Ing out and letting the police smell
his breath. He had demanded and
received from Spence his membership card, taking this course not
to punish him far assisting the police ln the enforcement of the law,
but to rid the organization of an
individual who would lend himself
to such despicable methods for
gain. He had forwarded the card
to the P. G, offlce of the L, W. I. U.,
which had issued It.
The secretary-treasurer considered that the action taken did not
expel the individual from the
O. B. U. Commenting on the case.
he considered that lt was a serious
reflection on the efficiency of the
police force of the city when It
had to utlllzo the service sof such
people. The other stool, Hewson,
had been getting aid from the
woman Involved and had given her
his discharge from the army and
M as evidence of good faith, which
she had returned with an extra
dollar. He had then offered hts
assistance to the police to secure
the convictfon of the woman for
selling liquor, and Spence had helped him to do it. Hewson had since
repeated his tactics in securing the
conviction of a Chinaman for selling drugs, getting himself "shot'
in the arm and showing lt to the
police as evidence.
On motion the' action taken was
endorsed, nnd a lotter ordered sent
to the police commission protesting
against tho employment of such
Trollcrs Want Pennants
, Del. Mrs. Booth reported for the
auxiliary that the last dance had
netted about J35. The rest room
for women In the City Hall had
boen retained for that purpose ns
a result of action taken. The auxiliary wished to lodge a protest
against the manner In which one
of their number had been treated,
When the crockery, etc., for the use
of the auxiliary had boen pur
chased a member of the auxiliary
had not been consulted, although
she was on the joint committee.
They demanded serious consideration of their members on any joint
committees. Another complaint
was that the purchases had been
made at a store which had dlscrlm-
nated against an O. B. U. girl, when
the goods could have beon procured at other stores for tho same
prices. A motion that the complaint be investigated and report
made at the next council meeting
was put and carried, and Delegates
Cann, Burrough and Mrs. Iverson
were appointed by the chair to act
as the committee to report. Del.
Morse, for the salmon trollers, reported that they wanted O. B, U,
pennants for their boats. They
would cost $1.30 each, and about
100 would be required for a start
Dolivory could be made in six
weeks. Decision was deferred to
the next meoting. Del, Morse also
reported that the Building Trades
Unit would meet the first and third
Mondays In the month. Del. Booth
roported for the flshpackers that
the wage dispute with the C. F,
& C. S. Company had, by mutual
consent, boen referred to arbitration, the application having been
wired by the manager. The assistant secretary referred to the
efforts being made by Vancouver
Interests to delay the enforcement
of the new Ashing regulations for
the district, and enquired lf the
.salmon trollers had taken any
action.   Dol. Morse replied that the1
The following article fromftho^
New Statesman, gives some idea as
to the power of tho Bofcfcfi/iki.
While not agreeing In manir-instances with the opinions arrived
at, lt is at least full information,
from an unfriendly source, as teethe
effectiveness and popularity of' the
new order in Russia. ,   $\
THE Allied Governments have
made fools of themselves over
Russia because they feired
the Bolsheviks too much and respected them too littlo. Our own
Government has spent more than
hundred millions of perfectly
good British Bradburys in. learning
what it ought to have known at
least a year ago: that unless it was
prepared to conquer Russia and
administer it as a British protectorate intervention was bound to
end in disaster. Even now it appears to have learned only half its
lesson. It has realized that the
Soviet Government must be respected, but not that It need not
bo feared. The decision of the
Supreme Council to permit trade
with Russia on a limited scale, welcome as It is, seems to have been
dictated by considerations of temporary expediency rather than of
anything that can be called statesmanship, Our commercial policy
towards Russia Is to be as halfhearted as our military policy has
been. Trade is to be permited,
not officially encouraged. The
Supreme Council in its wisdom has
devised a means by which we may
enjoy tho best of both worlds;
(without soiling the'•hem of our
garment by contact with bloody
murderers, we are to obtain from
them the food and the flax that
we want.
But, of course, the think will
not stop there. Assuming that the
decision is serious, once trade be.
gins to flow across tho borders of
Soviet Russia no government will
have power to set limits to it. Undoubtedly, it will be very profitable
trade, easier in many ways to
finance and to develop than trade
with Germany or Austria, and it
will probably not take long to assume quito considerable proportions. Recognition of Lenin and
his colleagues as, at any rate,, the
de facto Government of Russia will
then become unavoidable. Unless
we are to hand Russia over commercially to Germany and the neutrals, we shall be obliged to. make
peaco; ahd peace implies Recognition. Recognition is, therefore,
what tho decision of the Supreme
Council really means, and^the
sooner that is frankly agnized,
and Its consequences faced, the
better for us all. The only, result
of a continued refusal topics .'the
facts of the Russian situation..will
be to tie our own hands as against
the Bolshevik Government and
yield to it the advantages Jora of
initiative and of decision In', all
that concerns our mutual relations.
Position Modified. -X-u
It Is Important to observe <hat
the position ln Russia ha*\. teen
fundamentally modified during, recent months. In the early: part
of laBt year we frequently express,
ed In these columns the view that
peace with the Bolsheviks would
be followed pretty quickly by, their
overthrow through the action of
Internal forces. It seems impossible now to entertain any such expectation. AU recent information
from public and other sources Indicates that the Soviet Government has been gaining enormously
both in prestige and in popularity.
The Allies gave it Its chancy of
finding its feet and It has found
them; and whether we make war
or whether we make peace there
is nothing we can do now which
is likely seriously to shake its authority. Between Its position today
and Its position twelve months
ago there is no comparison. The
sweeping victories of the Red Army
have naturally had a tremendous
effect, but that is not tile only, or
even perhaps the most, important,
factor In the change which has
taken place. The Soviet Government has succeeded not only in its
military but in its economic organization of Russia. It has abandoned in many respects its own' prin j
ciples, but it has provided the peo?
pie with work and food. The
transport system has been completely reorganized; a harvest richer than any that has been known
in Russia for a generation has
eliminated all fear of starvation;
and whilst thore Is still a great
shortage of manufactured goods,
the situation even in this respect is
vastly easier than It was a year
ago, owing to tho successful starting and development of factories
throughout the area which has
heen untouched by tho civil war.
It would be difficult, perhaps Impossible, to overestimate the moral
effoct of these achievements. From
the point of view of the Russian
workman tho Soviet Government
has Justified itself. It may not bo
popular, but it has made good; and
there Is ample ground for supposing—and thla is the essential point
—that a chance might bo a change
for the worse.
Can Govern.
In a word, the Soviet Govornment has shown that It oan govern.
Herein lies tho secret of tho great
accessions of strength and support
which it Is known to havo obtained
during the past year from amongst
the educated classes. To suppose
that this support is merely the re.
suit of terrorism and the fear of
starvation is no more a tenable
theory than it is to suppose that
Trotsky's overwhelming victories
have beon won by troops which
only took tho field because there
were Chinese with machine guns
in their rear. Men may be forced
by terrorism to conform to a rule,
but no such motive can explain
the energy and the efficient activity which have become more
and more apparent during the past
year not only In the army but ln
every branch of Russian''Industry
and administration. It Is manifest
that the brain-workers are not only
working for Lenin but, with few
exceptions, aro putting their hearts
Into their work. On any other
supposition what the Soviet Government has achieved would be a
sheer miracle.
Plenty of Evidence.
Moreover, there is plenty of direct evidenoe to the same effect,
In tho negotiations which are going on between the Russian and
Esthonian Governments at Dorpat,
the naval representative of the
former Js Count Beneckendorff,
son of the lata Russian Ambassador in London. He does not profess to share the social and eco„
nomic creed of the Communists
but holds that in serving the Soviet
Government ho is serving Russia.
Asked whether that Government
was really popular fn Russia, he
replied that it was not, but that It
knew its own mind and was less
unpopular and far more efficient
than any Government Russia had
ever had; that Its achievements
with regard to education and tho
care of children were very remarkable; and that with regard to the
reorganization of industry it was
showing a degree of capacity and
energy far in advance of anything
that was known ln the Russia of
the old regime. Such appears
now to be the general verdict In
Russia itself. The chief difficulty
which Lenin had to face, namely,
the active opposition or passive resistance of those brain-workers
who alone could make his administration a success has been overcome; and it fs the Allies who have
given him the chance of overcoming IL We supplied Denikin with
British guns and British tanks
manned by British soldiers, and
thus made a present to the Bolsh.
vlks of whatever democratic or
patriotic sentiment existed In Russia,   Lenin got the help ho wanted
Im    -
matter would be discussed At their
meeting the following Thursday,
and ln the discussion that followed it was elicited that tho authorities would come to a decisidri Iri' the
course of a few days, and immediate action was necessary*"*- delegates Cameron, Morse and*1 Booth
were appointed a committer to
draft a telegram to Ottawanaover-
ing the fishermen's protests fc'<r
On motion, it was decidod that
the matter of giving instructions to
the delegates to the B. C. Bit of L.
convention be made the first order
of business at the next meeting of
the council. licit
Favor Assessment'''11''
Del. Derry, for the Motal Trades
Unit, reported that they had voted
ln favor of a BOc assessment for the
labor' defense fund; also that they
would give a smoker tho following
Saturday, nt which all ,0. B. Ui men
were welcome. Del. Cann criticized
the assistant secretary for not posting certain literature In the office
of the L. W. I, U„ to which tlio
former replied that he was not responsible to the C. L. C. for the performance of his duties as secretary
of the L. W. I. U. The chair ruled
In favor of his stand, but the discussion was allowed to continue,
various opinions being expressed.
Adjournment was token at 10:30
and has known how to use it so as
to keep it.
Evident  Sincerity.
Ws suppose that ln all modern
history there has never been a case
of tho suppression of tho truth so
general and successful as the
suppression of the truth about
Bolshevism. Economically, It Is a
crude and probably unworkable
creed. Politically, it is undemocratic and inevitably unpopular.
In practico it has boen responsible
for infinite disorganization, suffering, and brutality. But the funda-
mentl facts remain that essentially
It is an Idealistic doctrine, that the
mass of tho Russian proletariat
see it as such, and that its leading
exponents—Lenin, Tchttcherln, Lu
nacharsky, Litvinoff, Krassin—
men whose personal Idealism is
above question or criticism. They
are fanatics, lf you please, but their
disinterested sincerity Is apparent
ln everything that they havo done,
And that Is the basis of their pow-
In this country, deprived as it
Is of almost all but "propagandist"
Information, they are regardod as
bloodthirsty murderers. It has
not been suggested that any of the
men we have named have been dl_
rectly or personally responsible for
the cruelties that have been practised by bands of Red Guards, any
more than General Denikin is held
responsible for the wholesale orgy
of torture .rape, and murder of
which his troops were guilty in
Kieff; but the attempt to tar all
Bolsheviks with the same brush
has been on the whole successful,
with the result that western public
opinion has scarcely any conception of the^posltlon which the leaders of Bolshevism have In their
own country. Every ont thero
knows that thoy have no private
ends to serve—a fact which in Russia, the home of idealism, covers,
perhaps, a greater multitude of
sins than lt ever could in England
The Bolsheviks may be tyrants, but
they are disinterested tyrants. No
one has ever accused the Bolshevik
loadors of making money out of
their positions. It ts well known
that Lenin himself lives upon the
rations of a sedentary worker,
•which are substantially less than
thoso of a manual laborer. And
the moral strength which the Bolshevik Govornment has derived
from that single fact is beyond all
Meant Freedom*
Moreover, paradoxical as It may
seen\, Bolshevism has meant freedom In a sense which has become
more and moro clear and Impor_
tant tn Russian eyes as the months
and years of Bolshevik tyranny
have rolled by. Bolshevik tyranny
may be as stem and as cruel as the
tyranny of the Tsar—but with a
difference. It Is not inevitable; it
Is founed on force, not on convention or religion; it Is not a class
tyranny—except for the drones of
society; it does not prevent tho
workman or the peasant from
holding up his head; It may be ln
effect an oligarchy, but It is a proletarian oligarchy, and lf it Is not
freedom it is at least the prelude
to freedom; lt contains no threat of
hereditary or plutocratlo domination; it Is democratic In essence lf
pot fn form, becauso It has no ultimate sanction save that of popular consent, and no power save that
which it derives from the support
of common men—evon lf they be a
minoi-ity; to English eyoo lt may
appear as reaction, but for Rus,
slans It Is the most democratic
Government that they have ever
known. Evon the pensant who pro
foundly resents tho forcible com
mandeerlng of his proiWo fcnow«
that his milk goos first to the ohlldren, and that his own sons havo
now educational opportunities undreamt of In the days of the Tsar.
We do not defend Bolshevism,
We merely attempt to describe and
explain its position in Russia today,
without reference to the blinding
prejudice which -the atrocity-mon,.
gers have created. It is a passing
phase of the revolution. But probably it Is a necessary phase. At all
events, It Is in the legitimate line
of tho revolutionary succession;
Its triumphs are unmlstakaby the
triumphs of the revolution, just as
the triumphs of Denikin or Koltchak—however democratic their
professions and even their sincere
intentions—would havo boen the
triumphs of counter-revolution.
Denikin might or might not have
attempted, to recreate the Tsardom,
but his rule would have been the
rule of the class which ruled when
there was a Tsar. Thc Russian
people knew thai? and that is why
his efforts were doomed to failure
from the outset. For the Russian
revolution Is a real thing. The
spirit of It Is In every peasant and
every workmnn, and two years of
Bolshevik rule—or tyranny—have
only intensified the conviction of
freedom as something that has
been won and must be held. It
would be absurd to suggest that
under Soviet rule the Russian people has found Itself. Clearly enough
it is still puzzled and dissatisfied,
largely disappointed of the great
hopes which the revolution created.
But it knows that it wants nothing
that it has had ln the past, and
that it had better die than go back.
The Bolsheviks, aided by the policy
of the Allies, have been able to
turn that universal conviction to
their own account—and through
it they have triumphed. ■
Metal Miners Unit Is Organized at Neihart,
At a meeting held ln the haU of
the Neihart club of returned soldiers and sailors in Neihart, Mont,
last Monday night, the workers in
the mining industry there organized in the Neihart Metal Mine
Workers' unit of tho One Big
Union with headquarters in Vancouver, B. C.
Secretary Clough mado the trip
to Neihart and reports the new
unit as 99 per cent, organized when
ho left Neihart,
Over two hundred men are now
employed In the mining industry in
the Neihart camp, and from tho
outlook there in the near future
more men will be employed,
Tho next day after the workers
organized, a notice was posted to
the effect that the new unit of the
Ono Big Union was recognized by
the Cascade Company and also volunteered to check off payments for
dues to the new organization. It
is not expected, however, that the
O. B. U. will ever use the check-off
as a great many of the workers are
familiar with the abuses that have
been put over on the worker by
corrupt officials ln the labor movement through the use of tho
check-off system, but the worker
fn Neihart appreciates the recognition of their union as this Is the
first time the new One Big Union
has been recognized In ths Unltod
States.—Butte Bulletin.
You 11 find than at toe Famous in styles that
will suit exery taste—call iii and see them.
The suits, coats and dresses we are showing this season
are quoted at unusually low priees—you will be surprised
to discover what your money will buy here—^we have
every size in extensive assortments.
Every new garment is made up in the latest fabrics and
trimmed and lined with faultless taste.
Near Oranvillo
"A negro labor organlner in Bo*
galusa, Louisiana, was rescued from
a mob of white hoodlums of the
so-called "loyalty league" bent upon lynching him, by his white labor comrades. The negro in question was active organizing negro
workers In tho lumbor industry, to
enablo them to get more wages,
shorter hours and better working
conditions. The lumber operators
branded him as an agitator stirring
up "race riots," Three whito workers were killed fighting for tbo lu>
of the negro. -
Patronize Federationist  advortis-
Not a ship will move out into tho
Oreat Lakes in the spring that doss
not carry a three-shift crew, if tho
determination of the sailors wintering hero and in other ports is
carried out. Up to the present the
men have been working 12 hours
on the water and 9 hours in port.
The Home of Quality
Broken Orange Pekoe Tea
at - 65o
Finest Government Creamery Butter, 3 lbs $2.20
Strictly New-laid Eggs, at
per dozen 680
Royal Standard, Five
Boscs and Robin Hood
Hour, 49-tt. sack $3.45
Lily White Syrup, 5-lb.
tin .'. 70o
Marmalade, 1-lb. cans..20o
Pork and Beans, 3-fl>.
tiDS, at 25e
Reindeer Condensed Milk,
at 21o
Eagla Brand  23o
Pacific Milk, 2 large
pans at 25e
Rolled Oats, per sack....47o
Toilet Soap, 6 cakes .25a
Toilet Paper, 4 rolls....25o
Sultana  Raisins,   choice
stock, lb 25e
S. T. Wallace
118 Hastings St. West
Natural "Bite"
THE wearers of artificial
dentures, whether bridges
or plates, frequently find that
their most objectionable features are hardness, bulkinesa
•nd stiffness. Tbey complain that
chewing is difficult bocame tht
deuture U unyielding.
Tbe-new Removable Bridge obrl*
fttes all these objections. It tikes
no more space in the month than
the natural teeth and in om is
resilient, with the springiness of
the natural bite. Wearers declare
that chewing with It is a pleasure.
The sense-of cleanliness, arising
from the Uct that thu wearer can
take It ott and replace it at will,
Is luxurious. *
This new bridge is sanitary light
yot firm in use, and may replace
naif a dosen or more teeth ln various parti of the mouth. See sx*
amples in my office,
Dr. Lowe
Pint, Dentistry
Opposite Wooaward'i
PboM 0,y. otii
UnionTailor Stores
Ainu. 614 Butinii W.
B. 0. Tailoring Co., 121 Hutingi S.
F. W. BMton, 56) Georgia
Street Weet.
W. B. Bishop, lit HutlUI SI.
J. Greaser, 761 Granville St.
jr. E. Daonst, 2236 Granville St.
I. T. OaMn, 633 Hastlnfl St.
3. Oui ilj Granville St.
Hirtti Broa,, 610 Hasting! Si
Keir * Furneaux, 120 Seymour
langtry * Co., 822 Eutinii W.
Mac .enelo * Mattatal, 71, Bob-
ion SL
S. McPherson, 621 Haatinga W.
Thoa. O. Morgan, 817 Oranrille
Perry k Doge, Labor Temple,
Dunsmuir St,
Porrin, 2146 Main St.
F. M. Slqwln, 207 Hastings W.
Storry A Co., 650 Oranrille St.
Tom, The Tailor, 314 Haitingi
St. W.
Tom, The Tailor, 624 Oranrilli
Wllliston 4 Kennedy, 427 Pender St.
Dan Stewart, 400 block, Homer
Rosa * Bowser, 2202 Main St.—
Olothing atorea, ready made,
where union tallore are employed
and algned agreement with tbe
Tallore Union:
Clubb A Stewart, Haatinga SI.
Clamant, Ltd., 153 Hutlngi SI
Foster, 7. W., Lti, 346 Hutinga St W.
Foiter, t. W., Ltd.,150 Oran-
Mile St.
Thomu k McBain, 656 Oranrille St.
Wm. Dick, Ltd., SS Hastlngi
St. B.
Boblnaon'i TTpstalri Clothll
Shop, 441 Hastlnga W.
Jonah Prat Oo., 401 Hutlngi
St. W.
Victor Olothu Shop, HSLHait-
Inga St. W. i
Fashion Draft, 514 Oranrilli St.
Ex-Alderman Kirk hu
no connection whatsoever
with this Company directly or indirectly, nor has
he ever had any.
929 Main Street
Phones Beymour 1441 ud ttt
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings FunutureGklid.
tl HlMifi Itmt WM
aiia Non-alcoholic wIbm ot in
Labor Power Regenerated
—at tho—
Meals of the Best—Prices
P. Gibb
67 Cordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
' Pbone Seymour 7168
Third Floor,  World Building,  Van-
couver, B. 0.
A nil widlin PAMPHLET, <m<«l * —
fACTS. II uk* ,*t ilMleM line MEXICO. -
■ t.t.Sti^*,rM*Tl*tl*lf.0^lml.U
.   n,."coN9PiiucvACAmsrMexiC0'be«Ui
Ii iknU te mis hlrriri tr t<«r A«~™ Ws*
***** Aiarm itwa
•Tusumro Wl ruMim-HOT rot raonr
ones ruiusHMc co, tnWnt sum, otuui, ti
like ISM t* IW. — '*"■" """*
A few minutes a day with a
pair of Dumb Bells, Indian
Clubs, or a Striking Bag will
keep you well. It is to your
advantage to keep physically
Bt. We have a full stock of
health-giving equipment.
The Complete Sporting
Ooods Store
 Phone Sey. 152 nm ran n paid ros bt the
THB 0. B. O.
imiT or THB 0. «. V.   ,
$2.00 PER YEAR
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
■50,000 itl 1920;
Accident Prevention
The B. G. Workmen'! Compensa-f equipped with safety guides, which'
tlon Board has drafted regulations
providing for the formation of
safety committee of three or more
members in every manufacturing
plant, workshop and logging amp
where fifty or more workmen are
employed. The Board also recommends similar committees for
■mailer establishments. The committee's duties are to make monthly Inspections of the entire establishment or place of work, conduct
enquiries as to the oause of serious
;. accidents, and generally to educate
workmen Into safer methods of doing their work. It Is the workmen's duty to make suggestions to
the committee as to the conditions
and methods of work, eo that the
committee may pass on these
recommendations, determine their
practicability and make written
recommendations, determine their
practicability and make written
recommendations to the management
This Accident Prevention Committee should be composed of live
members who appreciate the extent
of the present economlo waste and
the needless sacrifice of life and
limb, the majority of which can
be eliminated by a properly organised and carried out campaign
along the lines outlined In the
The Board Is anxious that those
engaged in industrial pursuits give
this campaign thetr heartiest cooperation, and members of the
Board will be pleased at all times
to receive from employers, safety
committees and from the workmen
recommendations which might be
useful in helping to reduce the
present terrific drain on the man
power and wealth of tlie country.
Pursuant to section 61 of the
"Workmen's Compensation Act,"
the Workmen's Compensation
Board has adopted the following
accident prevention rules and regulations; and consolidated same for
convenience, with amendments, to
take effect from the 16th day of
January, 1920.
1. Log-hauls.—(a) For -chain-
hauls the return strand of the
chain ln the basement shall be so
supported over passage-ways that
In the event of Its breaking lt cannot fall on any one beneath.
<b.) Unless clearly impracticable,
every log-haul shall have at least
one runway of sufficient width to
enable a person to stand clear of
logs in the chute,
(c.) Runway shall be equipped
With handrail.
2. Log-deck.—Provision shall bo
made at the mill end of the log-
deck to afford substantial protection from rolling log's to tho sawyer
and other employees who may be
engaged around the band or circular mill.
3. Carriage.—(a.) When a log-
deck is equipped with a steam-
operated nigger, carriage knees
shall be equipped with goose-necks
or straight bar extending 18 Inches
or more above top of knee.
(b.- The seat or stand of the setter shall be fitted with an adequate
protection to prevent his coming
In contact with the wall timbers or
rafters where the clearance between the back of the setter's seat
and the wall timbers of the mill
structure Is less than 18 inches-
Co.) There shall be placed at
each end of the carriage-travel a
substantial buffer-stop, preferably
equipped with spring or pneumatic
(d.) Moans shall bo provided for
securely locking the sawyer's log-
turning and carriage-control levers.
4. Band-mills.—(a.) All band-
mills and band re-saws shall be
adequately protected when running.
(b.) Every band-mill wheel shall
be carefully inspected at least once
a .month, and nil hubs, spokes,
rims, bolts, and rivets subjected to
hammer tests and examined thoroughly.
(c.)   Every   band-mill   shall   be
equipped with a   saw-catcher
rest of substantial construction.
(d.) Opening abovo band-mill
Into filing-room shall be boxed and
covered, with a cross-bar to lock
5. Band Re-saws.—<a.) These
■hall have gears covered on feed-
rolls and Shall have a sufficiently
heavy board up In front to catch
the blow In case saw should break.
(b.) Guards shall be Installed to
cover both upper and lower wheels
of all band re-saws.
(c.) The up-trovel shall be completely guarded, and the down-
travel shall be guarded with a
shield extending down to the guide.
6. Circular Saws.—(a.) A screen
of wire cloth or other suitable device shall be so placed on circular-
saw mills as to protect the sawyer
from flying particles.
(b.) Circular-snw mills shall be
will admit of adjustment without
the use of a wrench or other hand-
7. Edgers.—(a.) There shall be
a screen of wire cloth or wood both
back and front of the edger to
prevent flying knots, chips, etc.,
the top of the edger must be completely covered over,
(b.) Bench or single-saw edgers
Bhall be equipped with splitter and
8. Live Rolls.—(a.) All live-roll
gears shall be guarded on the top,
bottom, and sides.
(b.) Driving-shafts of live rolls
shall be guarded on top and sides.
9. Jump-saws.—Jump-saws shall
be guarded below the top of the
roll and a stop shall be provided
which will prevent any timber from
being thrown oft the live-roll caae
and on to the carriage-track.
10. Swing-saws.—AU swing-saws
shall have guard over front and
safety stop to keep them from
■winging out too for. •
10a. Counterbalance Weight for
swing-saws, where practicable shall
be installed at front of saw.
11. Slashers.—Slasher-saws shall
be guarded front and back.
12. Trimmers,—A guard shall
be provided ln front of all trimmer-
saws unless the method of control
Is such that no employee is required to stand ln direct line with
any saw while it is cutting, and in
the case of overhead trimmers,
where the duties of employees require them to stand in the rear of
tho trimmer-table, a guard shall be
provided in the rear of the saws.
13. Conveyors.—(a.) When the
return strands of conveyors operate within seven feet of the floor,
there shall be a shallow trough provided of sufficient strength to carry
the weight resulting from a broken
(b.) If the strands are over seven
feet from the floor, a means shall
be provided to catch and support
the ends of the chains in the event
of a break over passageways or
14. Overhead Log-turners shall
be equipped with roller or sheave,
so that the slack of chain or cable
shalt hung at least two feet clear
of carriage.
1. Lath-bolters.—The gears and
sprockets of lath-bolters shall be
fully guarded and the feed-chains
shall be guarded to as low a point i
as the maximum height of the stock!
will permit.
2. Lath-machines.—Tho feed-,
rolls, saws, gears, sprockots, and1
chains of lath-inuchlnes shall be
Shingle Mills
1. Vertical Shingle-saw.—(a.)
The periphery and inside of the
shingle-saw shall be guarded to
prevent chips or luiots Hying from
saw, Injuring workmen.
(b.) The cutting-face of the saw
shall be guarded. If guard is nt
side of saw, It shall project one and
one-half inches past cutting-edge of
saw when sawyer Is putting in
shingle-block, und shall not be moro
tlian-one-qunrter inch from side of
2. Clipper-saw.—(a.) There shall
be a guard over clipper-saw, securely fastened with three bolts;
said guard shall not t>e more than
four Inches above saw and not more
than one-half inch from the perpendicular line of saw.
(b.) Clipper-saw shnll be incased,
except that part of saw which is
absolutely necessary to trim
(c) Clipper-boards shalt be
equipped with finger-guards ..five
Inches long and one and one-quarter inches deep, no heavier than
16 gauge, nor lighter than 20
gauge, mado of steel.
3. Ratchet-levers on set-works
shall be guarded.
4. Fly-trips.—Ply-trips shall not
be used on shingle machines.
5. All shingle-machines shall be
equipped so that the carriage will
stop when the treadle that operates
the jaw of the carriage Is down
and will not start machino when
treadle comes up. It shall be necessary for operators to put foot on
the other treadle to start machine,
6. Saw-arbors shall be covered.
7. Saw.—(a.) When cutting lti-
lnch shingles the minimum diameter of saw shall be 36 Inches.
(b.) When cutting 18-inch shingles the minimum diameter of saw
shall be 38 Inches.
8. The speed of carriage shall
not exceed 34 strokes per minute.
9. Shtngle-jointers.—The front
or cutting face of knife-type shingle-Jointers shall be fully guarded,
with the exception of a narrow slot
through which the shingles may be
fed against the knives.
10. Power-bolters.—These shall
have spreader behind saw and railing of standard size   around    the
Cranbrook, B. 0 .J. H. Thompsoiu.Box 18
*-*» *• ° A**— "y SL* st
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B. 0 Ii. Mutch JBox 197
Meetings are held in the 0. B. U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the first and Srd Sunday of each month at
3 p.m. _
Princeton, B. 0 R. B. Baxter Box B
Pringe Oeorge, B.C.. J. Stevenson .—.Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.0...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. C A Waterson 1424 Gov't Street
Bdmonton, Alta. ......0. Berg JS^?1* £ E'
Prince Albert, Sask...Geo. Tether 10M2? »• *
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellowi Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont. ....0. Anderson —.281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont.....T. Mace Boi"l9?    „ „
Webster Hall
. Cobalt, Ont.  W. Cowan .95 Lang St.
^carriage-track from front of saw.
11. Pinion-gears.—These Bhall
be covered on all shingle-machines.
12. Pulleys and belts   shall
13. Drag-saws.—All gears and
frictions on drag-saws shall be
16. All guards shall be kept in
proper place.
(See General Rules for other
machinery and transmission.)
Logging Operations
1. Tall-sheave Guards.—When
logs are hauled on established skidroad, the tall-sheave shall be so
guarded that no one may be caught
between the sheave and the
running rope.
2. Slings.—All sling-ropes to
which blocks are attached shall be
of* strength equal to twice that of
the hauling-line. If necessary,
more than one turn of ropes smaller than haullng-line may be used.
When conditions require a multiplication of blocks, the number of
turns of the sling-rope must be increased in proportion to the multiplication.
3. In ground-yarding, employees
shall not be required to work in
the bight of the line unless there
be sufficient stumps, trees, or other
substantial barrier to afford them
reliable protection.
4. Fins and fastenings of high
lead sheaves shall be of a-strength
commensurate with the maximum
strains that may be imposed upon
them by a strain on the haullng-
line equal to its breaking as rated
by manufacturers. All pins must
be securely fastened with a forelock.
5. When conditions of unloading require that an unloading-line
be attached to logs or cars or passed under the logs, the equipment
shall be so arranged that it will be
unnecessary to do any of the work
of attaching the unloadlng-line on
the unloading side after the chains
or chocks are released.
Log-landings.—Where practicable in laying out log-landings or
roll ways, the load Ing-donkey must
be so placed in reference to the
landing or rollway that tho donkey
engineer has a full and unobstruct-
do view of the landing or rollway
and cars,
7. When an Independent loading
donkey is used in hoisting the logs
when loading, it must be so set as
to be entirety clear of the car that
is being loaded.
8. Whon necessary to Install a
log-landing or roll-way on a main
lino, warning signs which conform
to British Columbia Railway Act
Rules Bhall be provided and set 80
rods from each end of the landing
or rollway, and must bo maintained
during all of its operations and until the landing or rollway Is torn
out. |
9. When in yarding it is necessary to haul logs across a track,
every trail} must bo brought to a
full stop within 200 feet of the
point of crossing, unless given signals by flagmen to proceed. Warning signs to conform to British Columbia Railway Act Rules shall be
provided and set 80 rods from oach
side of skldway and shall be main
tallied during all its operations.
10. Beforc camp buildings are
erected, tho trees around the campsite shall be felled before the camp
is built to a sufficient distance
therefrom to prevent trees from
falling on camp buildings when
foiled later or blown down.
11. There shall be sufficient
lights to light an entrance to sit
buildings, walks, and steps around
the camp, and same shall be kept
in good condition. Steps shall have
handrails. Walks over 15 Inches
from ground shall have handrail on
both sides.
12. Splices, drift-bolts, and nails
shall not be drivon In any log that
Is to bo cut into timber or lumber.
13. Head-spars, tuil-trees, and
gin-poles shall be carefully selected, and shall have sufflclent guy-
wires so that the breaking-strain
shall be double the breaking-strain
of cable.
14. Before operating spar-trees,
all doad trees, small trees, or trees
where limbs arc liable to fall and
all snags and sweepers shall be removed to a snfe distance.
15. Whon an enftloyee is required to work aloft on a standing
spar or pole, he shall use a safety-
belt composed or either wire-line
or wire-cord manila rope,
16. All trees to be used for riggers or dead men shall be inspected by foreman and tested to working-strain of cable before it Is allowed to be used. Every person
must be well clear when test is being made.
17. There shall be a safety-
choker on all high lead blocks fastened to the guy-line so that if the
main itrap should break the block
would not fall directly to the
18. The end of cables shall be
securely fastened to the drum.
There shall be not less than two
full turns of cable on the drum. All
hooks, rings, and shackles shall he
securely fastened to cables, nnd all
shackles shall have a forelock.
19. The working-strain on cable
shall not exceed the working-strain
guaranteed by manufacturers of
20. Main lines, standing lines,
and loading lines shall not be used
if thore are six broken wires tu
one rope lay, nor of the outer wires
be worn more than 36 per cent, of
their original diameter; when worn
80 per cent., not more than three
broken wires; when worn 20 per
cent., four wires are broken; when
worn 10 per cent., five broken
21. All fastenings shall be remade at least once in six months,
and the piece composing the connection to load annealed io ae to
avoid crystallization.
shall be inspected by foreman or
rlggerman before being hung, and
shall be inspected every other day
by rlggerman or foreman, and|
shall be well oiled. Blocks shall
not be oiled while In motion.
23. Swamp hooks or tongs shall
be attached to crotch-line with
devices or approved safety device.
..24. When lifting or hauling big
timber, chokers shall be used.
26. Swampers or other workmen
not directly connected wtth falling
and bucking timber shall not be allowed to work where1 they are In
danger or boing Injured by trees
being felled by fallers, or from
limb or other trees that fall on account of being struck by tree being
26. When logs ore to be hauled
on established skid-road, all dead
trees, dangerous small trees, or
trees where limbs are liable to fall
and all snags and sweepers shall be
removed to a safe distance before
operating skid-road.
27. All limbs of a dangerous naturo shall be taken off trees close
to log before log Is loaded.
28. No person shall be allowed
to ride on hook or log while loading, or while log is being hauled,
or while log le travelling down a
grade chute or In a flume.
29. When sawing logs off a tree
lying on an incline, the bucker
shall, when possible, work on the
upper side.
30. All cars used for carrying
loggers, when practical, shall be
equipped wtth saw and axe* racks,
and all saws and axes shall be In
31. Fallers shall see that their
spring-boards are In safe condition
at alt times,
32. When a tree Is ready to fall,
the faller shall give ample warning.
33. Signalmen shall not give signal ahead unttl every one fs In the
clear. All workmen shall watch
for sweepers and stubB.
34. There shall be a guard at
side of main rod on all hoisting and
logging engines to prevent main rod
from  striking  workmen,
35. All gears, frictions, sheaves,
set-screws, keys, ends of shafts,
and spoke-hazards shall be guarded as per General Rules.
30. Wedges and hammers with
burs or mushroom tops shall not
be used. All handles shall be of
sound material and securely fastened.
37. Whistle Signals (Logging-
engines).—The following signals
shall be used exclusively by engineer on logging or loading engines:
Ahead—1 short.
Stop—1 short.
Come back—2 short.
Ahead slow—3 short.
Come back slow—2 short repeated.
Slack lines—Severnl short toots.
Locomotive—3 long.
Section crew—6 long.
Foreman—4 long.
Tree-rigger—2 long and 1 short.
Accident—3 long, followed by 4
Tighten lines—3 short followed
by 2 short.
Water—2 long.
Shut off water—1 long.
Fire—Severul long and short In
Camp 1
E. Mackle Is in Powell River
hospital with his left knee badly
wrenched by being hit with the
end of a guy line, caused by the
turn hooks breaking.
Accident Prevention Committoe
1. Every manufacturing plant,
construction camp, logging camp,
and workshop In which 50 or more
men are employed shall have' an
Accident Prevention Committee of
not less than three members.
2. The general duties of the Accident Prevention Committee shall
(n.) To make a thoroughinspec-
tion not loss than once a month of
the entire plant or placo of employment for the purpose of receiving complaints, determining hazardous conditions, and receiving
recommendations for their im
(b.) To hold regular meetings ot
leust monthly for the discussion of
current accidents, their causes, and
suggested means of preventing
their recurrence, and to investigate
all serious accidents and report
their findings In writing to their
employers, keeping a copy of such
findli.gs and minutes of all meetings and recommendations fn the
records of the committee.
(c.) To educate their fellow-
employees against dangerous practices nnd methods of work.
(d.) To investigate fire conditions, examine fire escapes, flre extinguishers, water buckets, sand
buckets, and alt fire-fighting appliances.
(e.) To Inspect lighting arrangements In all places of employment,
and to report to the employers all
insufficiently lighted passage-ways
and other places where workmen
are liable to be Injured in the
course of their employment.
(f.) To inspect or arrango for
the inspection of all machinery,'
transmission motor-stops, cables,
blocks, slings, chains, tongs, tools,
and equipment.
(g.) To provide at each establishment facilities for receiving
written complaints and recommendations.
3. The committees in connection
with the logging camps shall. In
addition to their other duties, Inspect particularly all spar-trees,
gin-poles, skid-roads, and general
working conditions fn and about
the camps.
Every person who contravenes
any of the aforesaid regulations
shall be liable to a penalty of fifty
Organization work is making
splendid headway. Men are at last
enthusiastic for organization, realizing that that ts tho only way ln
which they will force this reactionary outfit to come through with
the standard working conditions.
The boys are beginning to realize
that the 8-hour day with $6 minimum, should be ln existence here
right now. The carpenters recently had a short strike, and went
back temporarily on a 25 cents a
day raise. This includes millwright construction work. Some
of the boom mon quit and members
of the office staff replaced them.
Baling press men are demanding
better conditions.
Bunk houses are rotten. The
plant engineers and staff work 8
hours, electricians 10 to 13 hours,
machine shop men 10 hours and
overtime; sawmill and wood-room,
two shifts of 10 hours. Digester,
screen and machine room, 11 hours
day shift, 13 at night, but in order
to change each week from day to
night, they muat work 18 hours.
I). D. Murdock's Camp 9
This camp is situated about 18
miles from Quesnel, a place that is
callod Cottonwood River. The
bunk houses are 28x40, with a
Btove in the centre. Two story
hunks constructed to hold 28 men.
The floor is mnde of one-inch lumber, one thickness, which has gradually dried from the heat of the
stove, leaving considerable cracks
between the boards. Tho hunks
are built In sections, four bunks to
each section bottom and top, and
If It was not for the 6-inch board
between each man, it would make
ti double bunk, each section being
independent from each other leaves
space between from 18 In. to 24
In. If a well-built man should
come up here, he would be out of
luck for a bunk, because he could
not ,get into them. The board is
very poor, but Is improving a little.
lio Bath house or dry room; clothes
have to be dried around the stove,
and the laundry done at the river.
ganlze with an Immediate definite
object in view, namely, that white
we havo to stave for an employing
class, we will at least have some
of the good things which we—and
only we as a working clnss—
create. All together for 100 per
cent, militant organization, composed of live men with red blood
in their veins.
District Secretary P. G,
Trout Lake, Gorranl Lardo Lumber Company
This is a hay wire outfit. We
have a good cook, but he gets nothing to cook, as the company buys
all the poorest grades on the market, with no variety. The bunkhouse is about 16x60 feet, tingle
top and tower bunks, without
springs, mattresses filled with shavings. Washroom or bath room at
one end of the bunk house, but no
dry room. Table ware is all enamel, some of lt starting to chip.
The bunk house Is poorly ventilated and poorly lighted. There are
two windows 2x2 on each side, and
one 2x4 in the ends. This is a good
place to keep away from.
Camp 1, Mablc Lake
Conditions fairly good for the
timo of year to build with single
bunks, double deckers. Wash-
house and bath house not quite
completed, shower bath not yet Installed as It has just arrived.
Two bunk houses, room for 18
men in one and 16 men ln the
other. Fairly well lighted; closets
good distance from bunk house.
Stable manure taken away about
quarter of a mile from buildings
and dumped. ,
Cook fairly good. Thero Is room
for Improvement, which we expect
will he done In time. Camp about
50 per cent, organized, and expect
lt to be 100 per cent, shortly.
Working conditions fairly good; 8
hours, one way on company's time.
Bunk houses scrubbed out once a
Camp 2, of this company, Ib 100
per cent, organized.
Hrimnfngscii's Camp
On Feb. 28, all fallers and buckers
quit. The boss got three scabs to
fall and buck by contract, and tried
to force the rest of the crew to do
thc same. They refused and walk
ed out.
Dahl & Talk's Camp
Alt boom men quit owing to the
company trying to put them on
contract work.
Main lines, high  lead  and   _.    . _, 	
loading lines, blocks   and   cables'Mountain penitentiary'-"
At district convention held the
last week tn February, lt was resolved : "That we, the Lumber
Workers Industrial Union of the
One Btg Union, ln this Port Arthur
district now assembled tn convention, forward our greetings to all
class war prisoners and pledge our
utmost support tn our comrades on
trial at Winnipeg, and   in   Stony
Tho need for organization in and
around this district is very clearly
seen from the evidence which
comes into this office from day to
day, and the necessity for the
workers consolidating thoir forces
can only be realized when one has
a first hand knowledge of the prevailing conditions. The majority
of the camps lie along the Hne of
the G. T. P., and they are miserable outfits, most of them ,as far
as sanitary arrangements or the
comfort of the men working tn
them are concerned. Tie cutting Is
the principal work done, although
there are several mills, and a considerable amount of sub-contracting and piece work is carried on.
When one takes some of the camps
at thc coast as a standard, there
isn't an. up-to-date camp along the
whole lino.
A report received from a camp
at Quosnel on the P. G. E. (Murdoch's No. 9), would pretty well fit
all of them. Bunk houuses 28x40,
two windows or more correctly, a
window and skylight 2 feet square,
roof just high enough to allow a
man to get into the top bunk—and
38 men stuffed Into the house!
Where is the 384 cubic feet of air
space specified In the Health Act?
And the food, well it doesn't matter
about that as the Act does not cover
rations, but the same old tale can be
told of nearly all of them, 1. e.
grub rotten.
Apparently the only way to obtain butter conditions is through
the pressure of organization, for
obviously the Impotent, vague and
out of date document called the
Health Act, Is useless, Its whole
foundation rests on the health inspector, everything In the Act
stands or falls as that individual
may decide, and without doubt ln
this district, that particular Job ts
a sinecure. One clauso (No. 6),
calls for a wash house with shower
bath for bathing purposes. There
ten't a solitary camp In the whole
district where a bath has been installed. One feature of Prince
George is thc number of boozed or
semi-boozed men who are to be
seen around town, and It is not a
matter for surprise when the conditions under which these men
have to toll, are taken Into consideration. Tho logger, liko all
other animals, helng a creature of
circumstances and surroundings,
working under a filthy and unhealthy environment, always has thc
tendency to depravity, so that after
a few weeks In some of the pig-pens
called camps, in order to forget his
misery, he beats it to town and
chloroforms himself wtth firewater.
Most of tho hotels here have
sick men lying in them, the local
hospital accommodation being inadequate. The camps around are
responsible for most of the cases.
Turly we must organize, and or-
The following members have
been elected to the district executive board:
Armand Z. Vian, Kitchener;
John Corrte, Johnson's camp,
Yahk; Chas. McPhall, (jranhrook;
Fred Bidder, Cranbrook; Tom Gal-
laway, Cranbrook.
The executive board will meet
on Sunday, March 7th, at 10 a.m.
to attend to union business.
Thurston Harbour
Everything   In   camp   In   good
shape.   Grub a little short, but expect some on the next boat.
Burnett's Camp
When lumber can be got up, the
new bunk house will be built, and
top bunks cut out. Also new floor
put in the old house. New mattresses promised, dry house nearly
finished; grub fair. At present
working about 8 hours camp to
camp, as work Ib just outside,
mostly cedar.
Saddar Lake Lumber Co.
Sanitary conditions good; good
boarding house; grub fair; 6 shower baths, hot and cold water; pool
room, two churches, public school
and teachers. First class hospital,
doctor and nurso on the job. Laundry for camps and laundry for
town. Mill planer and surroundings
in clean condition. Working on ten-
hour basis. Bonus system In force
during sawing season. Good
bunch of foremen. Union 85 per
cent, organized. Company somewhat discriminating fired two delegates; seven now on the Job. Use
the stool pigeon stunt; all union
members coming In keep your buttons ln your pocket, but keep union
principles In your head, nnd act
accordingly, ns the men must mnke
solid stand for the 8-hor day,
minimum wage of (5, double time
for overtime and to abolish the
bonus system.
The Kenneth McDougnl Cnmp at
Benny P. O., Pulp Siding
Lumber camps found in filthy
There are 80 men in camp, which
Is 36x30 by 6%, twelvo at ridgepole. The men Bleep two In a
bunk, the camp containing 34 two-
tier wooden bunks.
There Is a considerable amount
of sickness In camp owing to thc
fact that the camp is never washed
or disinfected. Tho toilet is 200
feet from the building, and the;
water for cooking Is taken from a
lako nearby.
No doctor has visited the camp,
although a doctor's fee is collected.
Tho henlth officer at North Bay
has been notified to look into thc
MILE 61, C. N. It.
O, Johnson'B Camp
Camp is without men. A strike
was called at said camp. Thc employer has offered a $10 raise, but
cannot get any men to work for
MILE 71, A. C. R.
Workers  at Mile  71  Win  Their
The Ijnber Workers at Mile 71,
A. C. R„ recently put In a demand
for an 8-hour day, and a minimum |
wage of $85.   They also demanded
that the foreman be discharged, as
they did not like him. A meeting
was called ln camp, at which the
employer was present. He agreed
to all the demands of the workers!
If all employers did the same,
and tried to harmonize with thetr
workers, there would be less friction and trouble tn camp.
It woud probably be of Interest
to the lumber workers in other
parts of Canada, to get a statement
of the facts as to conditions In
general In the Province of Ontario.
With few exceptions, the conditions
are rotten, ln others disgusting, and
taken as a whole, intolerable. This
Is the condition In one of the most
Important Industries of this country, and in which a great part of
the population acquire thetr living.
No other class of workers would;
tolerate euch conditions. In a majority of cases, the laws of sanitation are entirely ignored, and,
where any attempt Ib made to observe these, lt is simply a subterfuge. The provincial laws require
the provision of a laundry houee
and bath house; but so far have
not been able to locate any. Also
provides for tlie collection and proper disposal of garbage. Rules
are strictly adhered ln the "collection of garbage," but not in the
disposal of same. Laws relative to
medical and hospital attention in
camps are not enforced,* although
workers ore charged $1 per capita
each month for this. The rules require that bunka shall run parallel
wtth the wall, (lengthwise), but in
a good many instances the muzzle-
loader is still "fashionable." Camps
are' badly lighted and Improperly
ventilated. Clothes must be dried
In men's sleeping quarters. Grindstone in the bodroom, which Is one
big room. But such must be expected in a "great democracy like
ours," as sanitary camps and democracy cannot exist at the same
time. That would be revolutionary. These are the conditions, only
a few hours' journey by rait from
"Toronto the Good," the city of forward and uplift movements. Should
those workers Individually ask for
better conditions, they would be
promptly canned, or if they attempted collectively, to remedy
them and enforco the laws of thc
country, they are branded as "Boi
shovikt" and "Red Agitators," because they demand to be treated as
human beings, and not merely as
much human machinery to
grind profits out of. Or they might
be thrown tn the can for "commit
ting a common nuisance," while
the employers have the privilege
of permitting a common nuisance
to exist tn the form of vermin-infested hovels and filthy camps. We
look for an Influx of members of
the Eastern Shantymen's Christian
Association. The sky pilots are already on the job. The loggers on
the Pacific coast will remember
this association that visited them
last summer, In order to convert
them to the Idea that the heathen
logger should rely upon prayer for
his economic troubles and grlev
ances, Instead of totting them to
the policeman or the health officer,
or worrying the boss with them.
After surveying the ground here, lt
seems strange that thoso apologists
for present conditions, overlooked
the cultivation of such a fruitful
field for their uplift labors, and so
close to home. We occasionally
come In contact wtth the boss, or
some of his watch dogs, and other
hirelings, who assume a very superior and autocratic air towards their
slaves, especially if they happen to
be Union dolegates or organizers.
Some of them appear to speak and
act liko the ancient type of savage
that roamed over this country half
a century ago, running camps, ignorant and tyrannical, with a mixture of Prussian and bush kultur.
wage of $85 ver month? Several
comments were made on tlie letter
from the delegate, the chief reason
for their failing to act tn support
of the strike, was the fact that J.
Hendrickson, who had been a delegate to the meeting did not go and
explain the situation to the men at
Vatnto's camp, but sont the minutes of the meeting to Vainio's
camp by another person.
To provent misunderstanding, we
requested that J. Hendrickson show
us his credentials and by what au*
thorlty he is drawing wages, as aa
organizer of the O. B. U., seeing he
did not have them, and by his own .
speech is not -efficient to make
clear the build, constitution an*
the alms of the O. B. U. Therefore
we moved that he travel only as a
delegate, and not as an organiser.
We also appeal to the O. B. U.
headquarters that when they are
sending out organizers, at the expense of the organisation, tbat they
send men who are efficient.
It was requested that J, Hendrickson draw back until he gets
the, necessary credentials thst will
testify that he Is capable of acting
as an organizer.
It was moved and seconded, that
the minutes of the meeting be published In the Vapaus, a oopy to be
sent to the district ofllce, also an
extract of the minutes to be given
to J. Hendrickson, Delegate No.
1294, the number being mentioned
to prevent misunderstanding in
case there should be another delegate of the same name.
J. Hendrickson demanded that
the members cards be given to htm
for examination, but the meeting
did not think this necessary as the
camp delegate, 3. Tallberg, had
recently inspected all cards.
The meeting adjourned.
Minutes of meeting held at Fred
Vlltas camp on Feb. 13, 1920.
Meeting called to order, Fellow
Worker Fred Anderson In the
Commnicntlon road and approved, from district ofllce re tlie payment of fl per month for doctor's
"Moved and seconded, that wo
domand thnt tho doctor visit the
camp twico a month, nlso to leave
supplies such ns bandages, medicines and disinfectants," This resolution was presented to the boss
in writing, so he can forward to
the company's athorltles.
Letter was read from delegate at
Vainio's camp, which was an answer to the tetter of inquiry sent by
this camp, why they did not see it
their duty to join U3 In our strike
for an 8-hour day, and a minimum
To tbe Members and Delegates ol
the L. W. I. V.
Thts ts to notify that H, Hendrickson, Delegate No. 1694. has
been going around at the A. C. R.
camps, Ontario giving the members
and delegates of the O. B. U. to
understand that he has been appointed to act as organizer for the
O. B. U.
J. Hendrickson has not been
given the necessary credentials ta
testify that he Is capable of travelling as organizer. At several camps
J. Hendrickson has been asked to
produce hts credentials, but he has
been able to show credenttals for
camp delegate only.
A warning is hereby given that
members will not sign up or pay
dues before the delegate or organiser has shown his credentials.
which authorize htm to sign up
Wanted, present address of Fred
Waters, previously employed by
Kelly at Atlln Inlet.
Peter Norman died at Vancouver
on March 1st.,
The court has approved a plan of
settlement by which this outfit will
be permitted to proceed with Its
operations at the same time protecting the men who have liens for
unpaid wages. A liquidator has
been appointed to take charge ot
the operations. The lumber will
be marketed by selling agents. The
proceeds wtll be paid over to the
liquidator, less 10 per cent, selling
agents' commission, out of the balance of 90 per cent., the liquidator
wit) pay, In the order named (a)
royalties and other prior ltens of
the crown; (b) operating expenses
In connection with finishing the
lumber and shipping It; (c) the
liens claims, 25 per cent, at a time,
as the fund accumulates, to the
solicitors tor the various lien holders.
The bntnnce that will remain out
of thc 90 per cent, after these
various charges aro satisfied, is apparently still in issuo, and tlie liquidator wll] pay It Into a special
fund, subject to later disposition
hy the court. The parties, other
than the lien-holders, who will be
Interested in its disposition, agree
that tho present agreement is not
lo prejudice In any way, 'thetr
claims to that balance.
On the part of the lien-holders,
who receivo judgment for their
claims and costs, lt is agreed that
proceedings under the judgmnnt
will tin withheld for the reasonable
lime necessary for tho lumber to be
converted into cosh.
Members C. A. Creton, J. Hammond, J. Donnelly, W. Anderson,
A. Morrison, K. Carlson, Q. Ford,
A. Johnson, A. McQuarrle, J. E.
Johnson, D. McKenzle, Paul Sylvester, Tom Kelly, W. Kelly, Fred
Young and others having Huns,
take note.
$6 Camps "fiff* Mills $5
Enforce the Laws! ?AGE FOUR
twelfth year. No. i*   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
FRIDAY March  o,   USO
Published etery Friday morning by The B. 0.
Fcdoiuticmiet, Limited
flfice:   Labor  Temple,  405 Dunsmuir  Street.
Tolephono Seymour 5871
Bnbscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
$2.50 per year; Canada, $2.00 per year; to
: Unioni subscribing ia a body, .1.50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
.March  6,  1920
TO MEN with any understanding of
modem society, the headlines which
appear daily in the press are in most
cases highly amusing. The most amusing
one that has come to our notice recently
is the following, whicli
appeared in a B. C.
paper: "Soviet Code
Makes Slaves of Workmen." The article which
followed the headline was almost as
amusing. It was supposed to demonstrate the fact, that under the Soviet regime, the workers eould not leave their
jobs, except with permission; and that all
between the ages of 16 and 50 are compelled to work. If this constitutes slavery,
then modern civilization in capitalistic
countries is slavery, something which we
have contended for many years, "and no
doubt will continue to do as long as we
ere in existence.
* * *
It may be true that in order to meet
the needs of the country, which have,
naturally, following a revolutionary
period, been great, and further have been
added to by tho Allied blockade, that
some compulsory period of labor has been
instituted in Bussia in order that the object of the blockading countries, which
was the defeat of the revolution, might
not succeed. But it will no doubt have
been noticed that "all" are compelled to
labor, aud not a section af the people.
Those not being willing to work, do not
eat in Soviet Bussia.
* * *
We have strong recollections of _ the
penalties that were imposed on British
workers in the old land who stayed away
from work for half a day, or even less,
during the war. Of course this was not
slavery. We have also recollections of
other things which the workers could not
do, and if memory fails us not, we think
that there were many instances of men
who neither toiled or spun, who lived on
the labor of others during that period, and
at the same time amassed huge fortunes,
which, if the present system lasts, will
enable them to live for the rest of their
lives without work.
* * *
The capitalistic press dealing with compulsory labor, and describing it as
slavery, under conditions as they now
exist in Eussia, would be funny if it
was not so impudent. Has not the working class the world over been compelled
to work in order that they may live all
down through the ages. Have not the
children of thc workers bcen ground into
profits ere they Were sixteen, and if they
escaped death and lived until they had
turned fifty, nay sixty, seventy or even
eighty—although eighty is an age that
workers seldom reach—have they not been
Compelled to work or live on charity, or
Starve to death t One thing, however,
should be noted. In Bussia today there
ere no unemployed, even the bourgeoise
class has been compelled to work. Can
this be said of this or any other so-called
civilized country in the world. In Bussia
all those who are able to work, have work
to do, and when it is finished are supplied
with as many of the necessities of life as
it is possible to give them under present
conditions. Those who have the hardest
work to do are given the most food, while
in "civilized" countries the man who
works the hardest usually gets the least
wages. The man who does not work, and
who is in the ranks of the ruling, or tool-
owning class in these countries, eats the
most, and the worker who is willing to
work, but cannot, because of the private
or class ownership of the means of wealth
production, is left to starve.
* # *
,-  Tho article referred to is only another
of those half-truth carnards that are being daily spread before the public in the
daily press propaganda  against  Soviet
Bussia.  The reason for this is that Lenin
and his followers, who evidently consist
of tho greater part  of the people of
Bussia, have struck a blow at the class
ownership of the means of wealth production.   The Danish Minister at Petrograd,
who has been representing the capitalistic
nations in Bussia for some time, gave the
real reason for the   opposition   of   the
capitalistic world to Soviet Bussia when
he said in an interview last week:
"I cannot think that serious business men will trade with Bussia on
the sole basis of negotiations between
men representing political theories
only.  Business men must insist upon
the Soviet Government's acknowledgment of the right of privato property,
otherwise any connection commercially or financially is impossible."
fact, that as a rule, if they have a few
household utensils, and a few old clothes,
they are well off. They may even "own"
a home of their own, a home which would
turn the stomach of a member of the ruling class, but which is quite good enough
for a wage Blare. Enforced labor in
Eussia is not, under present conditions,
slavery. It is necessary because of conditions brought about by the attacks of
capitalism on the new order. The workers of capitalistic countries, however, are
slaves, as the product of their toil is taken
away from them at the point of production. They own nothing but their labor
power. They are the propertyiess slaves
of a ruling class, that would, if it could,
continue their slavery. Eussia, however,
has struck a blow at that form of slavery,
henco the venom of the ruling class press.
Tliis statement was again calculated to
give a false impression as to the attiude
of the Soviet Government towards private property, the inference being that
the people of Bussia have no privato
property, such is homes and personal belongings. The facts are that no one is allowed to exploit the workers in that country by the ownership of the means of
wealth production, or if that is not entirely eliminated, is the ultimate object of
the Bussian people. This is the crime of
Soviet Bussia, the wiping ont of the exploitation of the workers by a ruling class
ownership of the means of wealth production. Of course the workers of capitalistic countries are loaded down with
private property; ao loaded with it, in
THEEE are many indications which
point to a genoral election in* the
near future, Mackenzie King's challenge
•to the government being only the politicians' recognition of the pending political upheavaf in this country,
and a rallying cry to the adherents of the Liberal
Party. What, however, are
the steps to be taken by
Labor in the coming political struggle.
Will tho workors in the different industrial centres place working-class candidates in the field, or will Labor sit back
and watch the fray with indifference.
These are questions that should be considered by all sections of the working
class, and at once.
We realize that it is impossible for tllte
cause of the workers to be advanced by
Labor men in Parliament who do-ixot understand the position of the working elass.
We also realize that until the rank and
file of Labor have realized the position of
the workers in modern society, that it
will be impossible for any political party,
or group, to accomplish a great deal for
the workers. But the faet remains that
a struggle is now on between Capital and
Labor. For the moment that struggle in
Canada is centred in Winnipeg. No thinking labor man can ignore the fact that
the trials in that city are a test as to the
legality of the workers' right to organizcr
and the use of the strike weapon. Large
sums of money have bcen donated for the
legal defense of the men arrested. But
little action has been taken by the workers to safeguard what little liberty they
have left. The coming political struggle
will be an opportunity to test the powers
of the workers, and to gauge the amount
of knowledge they possess of the nature
of the struggle that is going on in society, and will also be a splendid opportunity of pointing out to them the position thoy hold in society.
No doubt there are still many workers
who have the opinion that parliamentary
action is useless. But the fact remains
that to date the workers have not used
the ballot to any extent, and consequently arc not in a position to say whether
that is so or not. At any rate,' Parliament
is today in the hands of the ruling class.
It is the instrument by wliich the capitalistic class manufactures the laws wliich
arc put into operation against the workors
in the struggle for decent conditions, and
by which the same ruling class stifles thc
attempt to educate the workers to thcir
class position in society. Parliament is
one of tho citadels of ruling class power.
The workers should make an attempt to
get into it. They should at all times
carry the fight to the enemy, whether it
be provincial or Dominion. They should
not let any elective office go by default
to the ruling class. We have already seen
that in the timo of industrial struggles
that the first move to use tho power of
thc state is made by the civic authorities.
This was demonstrated in Winnipeg. It
is demonstrated in any struggle between
Capital and Labor, when the. civic authorities step into the breach as they did in
thc general strike in AVinnipeg last year.
The powers granted to the civic and provincial authorities, are granted to safeguard thc interests of the ruling class,"
and if ruling class representatives, or
capitalistic minded individuals aro in
control of those bodies, then if they act
in the interests of the ruling class, the
workers have no one to blame but them-
slcves. No move that thc workers caiv
take iu the effort to safeguard the rights
still left to the workers will be more
effective than to take part in thc coming political struggle. No move will be
more effective to secure thc release of
E. B. Bussell if tho election should take
place this year. By the entering of intelligent Socialists in thc coming elections,
the workers can give to the people of
this country the true state of affairs, and
at the same time carry on the only work
which will bring to the workers freedom,
which must bo education. By knowledge
alone will the working class achieve its
freedom from wage slavery, and an election campaign is one of the best methods
of reaching the ears of the workers. To
those that do not believe in this form of
political action, we would suggest that
they could at least attond the political
meetings of the worldng class, and possibly by so doing, realize that all and any
avenues for education should be used by
the workers, and that this form of political activity is just as, if not more effective, than getting knowledge from a
policeman's club.
court of justice, but before the bar of
public opinion, and the man in the street,
there would appear to bc an obvious %_h-
nection between the so-called citizens'
committee and the trouble that ensuedtas
a result of the strike, and the parti that
organization played in it. The objections
of Mr. A. J. Andrews, K. C, chief prbse-
cuting counsel, and who was a member of
this committee, succeeded, however, in
shutting tliis evidence out, when the
counsel for the defense attempted to
show that tho citizens' Committee - was
largely responsible for the so-called riots.
This committee during the strike published a bulletin, the articles contained therein, being of an inflammatory nature, and
likely to inflame the passions of the uninformed. While it has been claimed that
the men now on trial were attempting to
stir up class hatred, the citizens' committee by its actions did moro to rouse class
hatred than did any other section of the
community. The men now on trial, having some knowledge of thc present system, would not stir up class hatred, but
did, however, endeavor to show to the
'workers the class nature of society. We
venture, however, to suggest that the
actions of the so-called citizens' committee were much more effective in driving
home to the workers in Winnipeg the fact
that there is a class struggle in existence.
Tho enrolling of special police, who were
mostly members of the citizens' committee, and who, it has been fully proved,
took powers that should only rest in the
hands of the authorities, and usurped tho
civil powers in many instances, was the
start of the trouble. In fact, the citizens'
committee was, for the time being, the
ruling power in Winnipeg. In spite of
this fact, there has on every occasion,
been ruled out, the evidence presented as
to the activities of the usurping powers,
the protests of Mr. Andrews being upheld.
This gentleman, who was a member of
the citizens' committee, as a lawyer,
must have known that the civil powers
were.being usurped by this aggregation
of petty business men, and those in the
pay of the big interests, which, after all,
was the cause of the strike.
During the proceedings last week Mr.
Justice Metcalfe asked Coppins, one of
the witnesses for thc Crown, if he was a
member of the citizens' committee. The
answer he received was no. This evidently did not satisfy the trial judge, and he
asked him a further question. He askefl:
"Would you be ashamed of it if. ypu
were." The ans'Wcr was no doubt ia big
surprise to' the, judge, for Coppins Replied: "From what I know now, I think
I would." Lawyers never ask questions
unless they feel pretty sure of thoi ap-
swer they are to receive, but in this ease,
it would appear that while the judgje,. in
our opinion; went far out of his w^y in
asking the question he did—because aftfcr
his summing up in the Bussell case no one
could say that he leaned towards1' the
strikers—he did not reeeive the repljy he
expected, and if it was not permissible, for
the defense to give evidence as to the
part played by the citizens' committee,
it was, to say the least, a boomerang for
the Crown.
The accused are men who, to a considerable extent, roalizo thc struggle that
is going on in society. They are men who
hafe made a study of the structuro of
society, and the causes of the class struggle. They realize that class hatred without class knowledge is dangerous; in fact,
the class hatred shown by the citizens'
committee, who have no knowledge of the
forces in society, prove the dangerousness
of it, and when men understand those
forces, they do not hate, but explain thc
position of the ruling class as related to
the working class, and what the causes
of the existing antagonisms are. This
knowledge compels men to realize that
it is not the individual who is the cause
of class warfare, but the system under
which we live. They do not hate individuals or classes, but the system, which
is the cause of the division in society. The
ruling class have, however, displayed that
they hate the working class. They only
tolerate the slaves who give them their
profits, and treat them as only so many
necessary evils. The trials in Winnipeg
and thc actions of the citizens' committeo will, however, along with the actions
of the judiciary, demonstrate much more
clearly to thc workers that the class struggle exists, and that slaves can only expect
such treatment from their masters. This
has been the lot of slaves in any form of
society. Class hatred is the result of ignorance, and the ruling class of this country has amply demonstrated its ignorance
of the system, whicli makes slaves on the
one hand, and a ruling class whicli exploits them on the other.
DUEING the Winnipeg trials, the lawyers for the defense, have on many
occasions attempted to make a connection between the citizens' committee, and
the trouble that   occurred  during  the
strike last year. In the pre-
IT MAY scnting of evidence of this
BE LAW, nature, the defense counsel
"BOT."       evidently intended to provo
that there were other factors
beside the strikers, which made for
trouble. They, however, were not successful in getting the evidence admitted. It
may be good law to cxclnde evidence as
to the activities of the citizens' committee, under the legal rules of evidence in •
Labor and Internationalism
It la curious to see the way In •my, partly because all such forms
which the leaders of old-line politi-' *ot oppression are contrary to International comity, and partly because they hinder the free development of commerce and Industry upon which the happiness of labor
depends. Least of all is it disposed
to bolster up governments which
have demonstrated their incapacity
as well as their autocracy, or to
perpetuate political institutions
which obstruct the expression of
the people's will. Labor, In short,
is tired of being weedled and weary
of being led. It is seeking political
power in the hope of governing
efficiently. It is working out a programme which it hopes may express universal needs, searching for
the best way of recognizing intellectual workers, and striving to
turn its powerful fighting machine
into an instrument of reconstruction. The politicians of the old
school still go on blindly with their
futile tasks, and thler followers applaud; but It is to the solidarity of
labor rather than to any formal
union of governments that we must
look today for liberty, international
understanding, and peace. — The
Tho self-determination of nations is still
something that evidently does not meet
with the approval of tho countries that
fought the war for democracy, and. the
self-determination of small nations. Hungary is now tho bone of contention. io >■ !
Admiral Horthy, so-called iron man of
Hungary, says he will wipe Bolshevism
out with blood if necessary. There iji an
old saying that those that live b^fiie
sword shall perish by it. Perhaps the admiral has not read it, however.
The Allied nations aro sure having
time to get to any agreement on anything
theso days. They cannot even agree on
tie meaning of the poace treaty. What
ou cartli do the so-called statesmen of
these nations expect the common people
to think of their proposalgt
The law-making machinery in Victoria
still grinds along, but little can be seen
that would lead us to believe that the
working class will benefit through any
legislation that may be passed at this
session. Politics is something that passes
thn understanding of the average man,
but the people get lots of it and little
benefit from the vaporings of feebleminded legislators.
■cal parties still treat labor and the
labor vote. There are compliments
enough and to spare, of course.
Politicians an never tired of telling labor how important it is, how
edifying the spectacle of millions of
men and women working with
their handay how civilization would
perish were it not for the fruits of
human toll. All the stock phrases
about the dignity of labor, the
moral virtues of industry and the
vice of idleness, the necessity of a
living wage, the incomparable superiority of living conditions in
one country as compared with another, the perils of cheap labor,
and the right of labor to organize
and agitate provided it does not do
anything really serious, do duty today in political discussion as they
have done duty for more than a
generation. If humoring and cajolery, patting on the back, and
uncttous flow of line words and
well-phrased promises could make
labor contented with its lot, then
surely ought the wage-earners of
the world to have become long
since the happiest and most contented of people.
Different Under tlie Surface
Once one looks below the surface
of all this flattery and advice, however a very different state of things
appears. Neither in this country
nor in Great Britain do the leaders
of the old established parties appear to realize that labor, whether
organized or not, has controlling
motives and aspirations which cannot by any possibility be made to
flt existing party schemes. In both
countries labor, as a political factor, is too often looked upon as
something alien to the "regular"
party scheme, a political movement
which obstinately refuses to tako
its proper place. In Great Britain,
Mr. Lloyd George has a habit of
acting as though labor ought really
to support the Liberal or Unionist
policies; its insistence upon having
policies of its own and developing
a par^y to carry these policies Into
effect, is a mistake if not a perversity. In the United States, Democratic and Republican politicians
commonly assume that labor, if It
ts wise, will support the Democratic
or Republican parties; to talk of
forming a labor party and supporting lo^bor candidates Is at the least
foolish and in practise mischievous.
And when, in either country, labor
refuses tp do what Is expected of it,
there is a strong disposition to go at
once to extremes, and to accuse labor of sympathizing at heart with
the disorganizing and revolutionary
elements ln the community, and of
a willingness to run amuck across
the only forces that can be counted
upon to keep the country safe.
What Idibor Was Asked
\It is astounding with what bland
assurance, camouflaged as an appeal to patriotism, labor has been
called upon to play the game of
the old-time leaders. It was asked
to support the war to the bitter end
because governments in which lt
had no considerable voice had decided that the war must go on. It
was asked to support a treaty of
peace ln the making of which it
had amall share. It is asked now to
endure patiently an appalling increase in the cost of living, while
governments temporize with the
profiteers. When it protests against
keeping up the burden of armaments and planning for universal
militury service, it is told that If
it only were wise and moro farsee-
ing it would perceive that armaments and military training are a
blessing as well as a necessity.
When it. denounces the war with
Russia and calls for peace and tho
opening of trade, it Is charged outright with sympathy for Bolshevism
and with a desire to restore German influence 'In the world. Stand
by the government, compromise
your disputes, respect the established order, play the game—such
are the admonitions for observance
of which labor is to be rewarded
with an increase of wages, a minor
post ln cabinet or ministry, and
representation on commissions and
boards which discuss and resolve,
Cannot Be Coerced
What these leaders of parties apparently falj to see, or, if they see,
persistently refuse to admit, is that
labor everywhere today has passed
the point where it can be humored
or coerced In such fashion. It Is,
frankly, no longer interested in appeals of this kind. And it is not
interested because, broadly speaking, labor has ceased to be national
and has become International. The
great fraternity of those who work
now belts the globe. The differences which separate American labor, for example, from British or
French or German or South African labor are indeed numerous and
varied, but they aro nevertheless,
fn the main, .differences of incident
and detail rather than of fundamental characteristics or principle,
The same demands for living
wages, reasonable hours, and hu
mane working conditions whicli are
heard in one country voice themselves also In all the others. The
desire for education and enjoyment
for public health and civic beauty,
for freedom of speech and organization, for the peaceful pursuit of
chosen occupations, and for a share
in the control of government as
well as of Industry, knows today
no national hounds nor yet the
time-honored limits. of language,
race, or creed. The interests of labor ara one, and the provlnee of
labor Is the world.
International Mission
Hence lt is that labor, realizing
its International mission, feels less
and less interested in political issues and devices which, whether
they affect one oountry or many,
are In faot only the manifestations
of a narrow and selfish nationalism.
The programme for which labor
stands represents, on the whole, social advances and benefit* which
the old nationalist order hu failed to secure. Labor has no Interest
in armament! and compulsory military training because it standi for
peace, and military and naval
establishments tend te disturb
peace. It haa no interest ln alll
ances and foreign policies which,
under th* guise of self-protection
or benevolent control, ia fact perpetuate imperialism, the fertile
source of wan and of poUtlcal oppression. It la not conoeraed to
maintain trad* discrimination* botwoen states or to impose impoert-
,1>1* burdens upon a vanquished *n-
Logs Are High But
Wages Arc Low
(Continued from page 1)
for their dupes who, if allowed to
give expression to their own feelings, would meet the demands of
the men without any unnecessary
delay and thus prevent building up
the spirit of personal antagonism,
which ,1s likely to result from the
present situation. Employers haye
stated they are willing to come
through with the men's requirements, and get their men from the
union, hut dare not do so because
of the fear of the bigger corporations, whom they know make lawa
for the small fry to keep, but are
a law unto themselves.
Should. Oet Wise
Let the situation be frankly
faced. A closed camp or mill Is of
no use to either employer or work-
The lumber industry is in a
condition of remarkable prosperity.
The employer is ln business for all
the profit he can get. The worker
is in the industry to. get the best
living he can. Now Is tho time
when the employer can make most
proflt and If he is wise, can with
the least expense to himself, put
into immediate effect first-class
camp conditions, and pay the wage
the workers demand. Trouble now
is to the employer the same as It
would be to the farmer to have a
thunder-storm in the middle of
harvest. The employer would do
well to wise up whilst he has .the
opportunity, for he never knows
when the workers tn his camps will
decide to act.
Alberni Strike
At Alberni, the men are actively
maintaining their strike. The employers are picking up anything
weuring overalls that will scab,
and calling it a logger, and sending
lt to join the small crew that It
has been found possible to get together. It Is reported that, much
to the amusement of the strikers,
and the residents of Alberni, the
company has asked for special police protection for their scabs, and
have some doughty gunmen among
the crew. Tho question naturally
arises, "What is the difference between the employers of Ludlow-
Cent ral la-Win nipeg or Port Alberni
when they think their profit making activities are menaced 7" The
most logical answer would appear
to be a well-known quotation: "By
their fruits ye shall know them."
This question might well be applied to that most delectable body,
the New Ladysmith Lumber Co, of
East Wellington, concerning which
a report of conditions was given tn
last week's Federationist. This
week the man who was thought to
be responsible for the report, was
flred. Truly It has been said that
'the greatest crime that can be
committed is to tell the truth." It
hurts, especially profits.
Chase strike is still on, tho men
being as solid aa when they came
out months ago.
Fox & Hunter's camp (Campbell
River Lumber Co.), Stag Bay, ta on
the unfair list, Fox refusing to
meet the strikers, one of whose demands, as reported last week, was
that the bunk houses should be
scrubbed out every week. It is not
expected that any scabs that Fox
gets hold of will Insist upon this
being enforced. Birds of a feather
flock together.
Miners at the Premier mine nt
Stewart are still on strike, aa also
nre the miners at Kimberloy. The
employers are making every effort
to get Bcabs.
The pulp and paper companies
are at last recognizing that they
have to disgorge some of their pro,
flteerlng plunder or else have to
face a little direct action from the
workers on tlfb job. One outfit has
been notified by Its superintendent
that unless the men's wages are
raised and the hours reduced he-
fore the 1st of May, there will be
trouble. This Is correct ,as far as
It goea, but thc indications are that
had the specified date been April
1st, it would still have been too far
ahead, as the men are right now
demanding the 8-hour day, add tho
$5 mill minimum.
Information under the heading
of camp reports gives a good Idea
of conditions in these outfits.
Matineo  2.30
Evenings 8,20
Othtr Bl| restores
New Spring Models
in Men's Suits
They are 20th Century Brand, which means
the best in Men's and Young Men's Wear. We
are sole agents for Vancouver.
See Our Boys' Department.
Everything for the boy—same as dad wears.
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309 Hastings St. West
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
The Art ef Dentistry
It exemplified ia tat highlit
degree at thit ttt-Wtttma—,.
ett at pleating at the tetrlca.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Of. «y«.i»«i ttat ta om tMaett
Dotal Haioe ta.Attaa.laam.
Granville Street
Corner Rebeas ftmt
Otct Owl Dm MM*
nm Oejmant Hf
Opposite tho Orpheum
Thoatre »
Phone Seymonr 2493
Fint Time in Canada
"Jim's Girl"
Featuring Margaret Marriott
Heart Tbrolis--Tears--Laiigli»
King up Fiona Seymonr 33M ttt
Dr. W. J. Curry
Mt* S01 Dominion Building
Bank of Toronto
Assets oyer f 100,000,00ft
Deposits     79,000,000
Joint Savingi Aeeonnt
A JOINT Deviate Account may le
opened at Tho Dank of Toronto
la tho namo ol two or more
persona. Ia thai, accounts either
Party mar sign cheques or depoelt
money. For the different m.mhon
or a family or a Ann a Joint aeooant
ll often a greet convenience. Interact
la paid on balances.
Vaneonver Branch:
Oonor Haitian ant Gamble Streete
Branches et:
Victoria.   Merritt. Ban Westminster
SSS Abbott Straet
Central Men's Brotlierbood
Oome and Hew
HB. K. 8. H. Winn, chairmen Walt-
man's   Compensation   Board.
Mnslcal Beetle!, 3:30 p.n.
Everybody Welcome
1160 thorite street
Sanday services, II a.m. and T.IO pas.
Sanday aehool Immediately followtae
morning service. Wednesday teeltmoaial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading rooas.
»0H0S   Birks   Bldg.
Unloa OSclals, writo for prloea.  We
roUow tbe Orowd le tke
Patricia Cabaret
Oa* block cut of Emproii Theatre
Interpret the lateit hm Ute. ee*
■Uted bp Tbe Braii Jui Beat
Mtiiic, I p.m. te 1
When yon 117 "Hel'o" when yen
aniwer the telephone, do 701 reallae
thit you ir* impeding yonr telephone
eerrleel The penon culling inwiibly
uke who li ipenking, ind yon fire
the Informntion yon might hm girea
In the flrat place. Wben yon inswer
tho telephone why not give yenr uae
or the nime ol yonr firm ind department in tho flret inetineel Then yes
would be getting lervlee and gtrlng
COMPACT FRIDAY..•„■ March  5,  1920
 -• iiia
Grocery Specials
For Week Commencing Friday, March 5th
Large Bottle Ammonia, per
bottle 17c
Pearl Barley, per lti lOo
k. Split Peas, lb.  llo
New Dromedary Dates,
~   per pkt. SSo
Fels Naptha Soap,
per bar	
Excelsior Dates, pkt . ...22e
Dunbar's Molasses, tin .. .20c
Coleman's Mustard,
14 -lb. tins  43c
Junket Tablets, pkt S_e
Cox Gelatine, pkt ISO
Finest Split Peas,
per lb	
Knox Gelatine, pkt, ....lOo
White Swan Naptha S'oap,
per bar  5{£o
Pure B. C. Honey, bot .. 32c
Finest Pumpkins, Royal City
Brand, 214- | | _
lb. tins      11C
Helntz Pure Olive OU, bot.320
Del Monte Asparagus, tin.23c
Del Monte Peaches, tin ..28a
Del Monte Apricots, tin .. 300
Del Monte Pork ft Beans
per tin   Oo
Del Monte Orated Pineapple,
per tin ..
Oxo Cubes,
small tins ..
Oxo Cubes,
large tins .
Finest No. 1 Quality Wrapped
Table Apples, 3 lbs.  .. 28c
Chinese Cryetallzed Ginger
special, per.lb.  46c
Extra Large Arizona Grope
Fruit.  No sugar needed,
3 Tor .180
Finest Sunklst No. 1 Oranges
extra large and sweet,
per doz 37o
Extra Fine Juicy Lemons,
per doz SOo
Extra Large Size Oranges,
Sunklst Brand No. 1, per
doz 55c and 850
. Sunlight Soap, box SOo
Silver Oloss Starch, lb...l3'/so
Quaker Corn, tin  8c
Toco Pancake Flour, pkt. 140
'Libby's Tomato      | 11-
Soup, tin   112C
Smalt White Beans, lb. .. to
Green Peas, per lb Oc
Finest Japan Rice, lb. . .15Vio
Black Pepper and White
Pepper, per tin   10c
Cinnamon and Ginger, tin 10c
Australian Jams,        | C _
all flavors, tin    1 OC
Prunes, per lb 23c
Orchard City Raspberry Jam,
4-lb. tin  760
Baker's Ground Chocolate,
14-lb. tin 22o
Broken Japan Qlce, lb.. 12Ho
Large Del Monte Ketchup,
per bot 33a
Quaker Pork and *_r_t-a
Beans, 3-lb. tin.... alv
Cadbury's Cocoa, tin ....2jpc
Trophy Brand Sifted Peas,
per tin 200
Old Dutch Cleanser, tin . 9o
Reckett's Blue, pkt . ...SHo
Pratt's Chick Food, pkt. .320
Finest Tapioca, _ f\ —
per lb ;... XUv
Finest Sago, _ ft —
per Ib    1UC
Alberta Government Specials
Guaranteed, i lbs. . 89.15
Streaky Side Bacon, lb. .BSo
Small Choico Picnic Hams,
per Ib.  Mo
Fresh Cottage Rolls, lb. .420
Swift's Silver Leaf Lard,
pure, per lb 38o
Be consistent and demand tb* Union Stamp.on yonr boots tnd
shoes. Ths following local firms sre fall to Organized Labor and
are worthy of you patronage and support:
t. leckie Ot., Ul, 910 o»mbie Street
Htrver Beet Skep. U Cordova It w.—fleston Hildas ul Bepurs,
W. 1. Buls. 20 water Street—Oestws Muinj end Bepeirs.
MscLirhlin Taylor Co., <3 Oerlova Street  West—Custom  Kakiaf
tal Bspsirs.
Snnsmutr Bost Slop, (31 Dummnlr Street—Cotton Mtkiag ut
Btptirs. '
"lTodetoj" Slot Bepalr Oompuy. 1047 OrtavUlt Street
Stealer! Shoe Btptlr shtp, els Botioa Stntt
M. B. Thorns, 366 Kiaiswiy.
Weeds, Lti, "K" loot Skep, Cordon ul Hutlngi Stmt Wast
H. 0. Spntdlsg, 6B71 Fnstr Stroet, Sontk Vancouver.
O. B. Tana, 1430 Commercial Drlvt,
r. WtUs, STI1 Mela Street
F. Fulton, ISS Broadway Eett
Bo progressive, Mr. Shoe Repairer, and gat In touch with Secretary Tom Cory, 445 Vernon Drive,
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting tho-O. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies. J
Send along yonr subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Bos 1508, Calgary, Alberta ""
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
...$ 25,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets  $460,000,000
590 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; Mew Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings nnd Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hustings Streets.
Corner Oranvillo and Bobson Streets.
Cornor Bridge Stroet and Broadway Weit.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Cornor Oranvillo ond Davlo Streets,
Cornor Granville and Seventh Avenne West,
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
8018 Tew Stroot
Corner Eighth Avonue and Main Street.
Hudson Streot, Marpolo.
Klngsway Branoh and 25th Avenue Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia,
Oae dollar opens an account on which Interest ie paid half-yearly
at current ratos.
0. W. rSAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. 0.
THOS. f EAOOOK,    '
Manager Vancouver Branch
Australian Workers Drop
Old and Crude
(By Francis Ahern)
Signs are not wanting that there
is a change being made in the tne'
thod of conduotlng strikes ln Australia. The old method of quitting
work, quarrelling with the bose,
and sitting down and getting hun
gry until either the boss gives in
or hunger drives the men back to
work .does not appeal to the new
thinkers ln the industrial move'
ment in Australia. There is a ten.
dency to adopt the scientific strike
—the strike on tho job.
At the time of writing, several
unions are already carrying out
this method, and there is no doubt
but that it will be largely availed
of, especially by the strong organizations In the near future. What
the unions are doing now may be
exampied by the action of the Am-
algamated Socioty of Engineers—s
very powerful organization in Australia, with 100 per cent, membership. Towards the end of the year
they gave their employers, notice
that starting with January 1st, thoy
would only work for 128.32 per
week of 44 hours, eliminating the
Saturday morning jfiift. They
never sent along any request for a
conference to talk the matter over,
as used to be done in the old days.
Thy simply laid down their terms
ond conditions of work, and left It
at that—much in the same way as
the profiteer increases the prices of
his commodities without consulting
the consumers. The men are not
going on strike, but are woeking
just th* same. First, they ceased
working overtime, giving their omployers notice that from a certain
data they would not work overtime.
Now they will cease to work the
Saturday morning shift, and as tho
employers cannot get engineers out'
side the unton for work, they will
simply have to give in to the men,
as they will have to do also on the
wage question.
Altogether the new scheme opens
up big possibilities, and is certain
to play a big part In the future
ot industrial unionism ln Australia.
The Tw5 Panics
Every new  experiment  ln  that°formal!y   disclaimed    interference
At tho Empress
Next week the Empress stock
company will present for the flrst
time in Canada a comedy drama
with a great pnch, entitled "Jim's
Girl," which happens to be one of
those Jewels in play writing that
mnke a decided hit no matter how
many other great plays it follows.
Most every stock company in
America have played "Jim's Girl"
since it was released for stock four
mouths ago, and at the Alcazar in
San Francisco it established a box
offlce record for the season. It hns
one of those wonderful stories that
contain an abundance of heart
throbs tears and original comedy.
Margaret Marriott and Ray Collins
will be the two stars of next Week's
shwo, and will have ample opportunity for excellent acting from the
beginning of the flrst act to the
fall of the final curtain. The real
human appeal in "Jim's Girl" Is
bound to make it a popular favorite with the Empress patrons.
At the Pantages
Vaudeville's foremost swimming
and diving experts are the Berlo
Girls,, four pretty sisters and their
moyier—61 years young—who will
present the headline offering on the
new bill at the Pantages beginning
Monday matinee. The accomplishments of these girls have already
won distinction for them in the
aquatic world, and their vaudeville
novelty Is said to be a spectacle
well worth while. They.open their
act as a singing quartette, and then
follows a wonderful demonstration
of grace and agility in the water,
with touches of real comedy.
One of vaudeville's standard musical offerings, Paul Perelra, Portuguese violinist, and his string quintette, will provide the added attraction of the new bill. Perelra
is a gifted artist, and with him appear second violin, viola, cello, boss
and piano insturmentallBts In a
programme of high order. The act
Is sumptuously staged.
Sherman, Van and Hyman sail
their offering "Harmonious Nonsense." They have excellent voices
that blend perfectly in a well-selected programme of comlo songs
and ballads and underlying their
music is a vein of refreshing fun.
Henard and Jordan, a comedian
and an attractive girl, will appear
In their successful comedy skit.
The New Hotel Clerk." Renard
Is ln the character of & bell-hop
posing as the clerk and Miss Jordan appears as a guest at the
"A Ray of Sunshine" Is the billing of Miss Florence Rayfleld, a
pretty young woman blessed with
a voice and with originality ln putting over a popular song.
Juggling Jokers are Fred and
Anna Pelot, whose offering Is said
to posses many entertaining features.
Testimony ln tke case of Senator
Newberry of Michigan, who Is
charged with having bought a seat
ln the Senate, shows a trail of slime
and corruption that extended from
tlie little ward political bosses and
prednct manipulators to the very
chambers of the state supreme
Our advertisers support the Fed*
eratlonlst. It Is up to you to support them.
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STBEET
Pbone Seymour 2137
Wo -will  oxchsngo your  nccontl  hand
furiiituro for  new.   A t quant deal or
your monoy back.
difficult art of living and working
together, which mankind haa been
trying to master all theee centuries, comes as a shock to . all
except the youth of the human
race. By youth we mean those
wjum Taine had In mind when
he said that to .every one at the
age of 20 the state of the world
is a scandal, if we look at the
history of our relations with the
Russian Revolution we find that
the constant motive inspiring the
policy of intervention is precisely
the same motive as that from
which the war upon Revolutionary
France derived its strength. Itt
both cases there were other considerations to complicate the issue, but in both cases the overpowering Impulse was this' dread
of a new experiment. The Englishmen who''followed Mr. Church-
til, the Frenchmen who followed
M. Pichon, were animated by one
dominating fear, the fear that
Burke expressed when Ke said:
"This system of manners in Itself
is at war with all ordinary and
moral society, and Is in ita neighborhood unsafe. If great bodies
of that kind were anywhere established- in a bordering territory,
we should have a right to demand
of their Government the suppression of siich a nuisance. What
are we to do if the Government
and the* whole community is of
the same description?" One of
the most intelligent French supporters of the policy of intervention in Rusaia put it that he could
imagine no greater disaster to the
world than the mere seeming success of the Bolshevvlk experiment,
and that every method should be
employed by the rest of the world
to prevent this.
finite and tho Jacobins.
A new experiment to minds anchored ln all the traditions and
customs of established life is like
a pew monster that suddenly appears on the world. Men and women are ready to believe everything about it. There Is probably
no story of savagery which the
"Times" or the "Morning Post"
would not print In the honest belief that It was a common feature
of the Bolshevik regime, just as
Burke was doubtless perfectly
sincere when he declared that the
Jacobins were cannibals who
drank the blood of their victims.
The old look with exaggerated
fear, the young with exaggerated
hope, to every new experiment:
it was so with Jacobinism, it Is so
with Bolshevism. And to those
who are dominated by the dread
of significant change, or of the
first threat to a world ln which
they live comfortably and without
foar, every experiment takes much
the same insidious form. Compare what our rulers think about
the Bolsheviks with what Burke
said   about  the  Jacobins:
"Jacobinism is the revolt of the1
enterprising talents of a country
against its property. When private men form themselves into as
with their neighbors, and had
made private overtures to the
(British Government. The King's
Speech declared: "We are engaged In a contest on the issues
of which depend the maintenance
'of our constitution, laws, and re
llgion, and the security of air civil
society." It was only ft handful
that followed Fox Who argued
that "a war against opinions was
in no one instance ahd could not
be either just or pardonable. A
war of self-defence against acts
he could understand, he could ot*
plain, and he could Justify; but
no war against opinions could be
supported by reason or by justice;
lt was drawing the sword of the
Argued an Did Burke.
?Mr. Churchill was, twelve
months ago, in the position of
Windham. It was known that the
Bolshevik Government was prepared to renounce all designs that
affected its neighbors, but Mr.
Churchill argued as Burke had
argued that the most arduous war
was less dangerous than friendship with that kind of being. Mr.
Lloyd George was not precisely in
the same position os Pitt, for secretly he disbelieved ln the wisdom of making war, Whereas Pitt,
though he did not share Burke's
fanatical opinions, believed by
1793 that war could not be avoided. But Pitt, who until then had
been embarrassed by Burke's passionate propaganda, waa quite
glad when war broke out to make
use of the spirit Burke invoked
and excited; Mr. Lloyd George
seems to have thought or feared
that the forces in favor of war
were the stronger, and he allowed
Mr. Churchill to employ all the
means in hts power for stimulating the war fever. And Mr. Lloyd
George has brought down on his
own head some at least of the reproaches that Burke, on the one
hand, and Fox, on the other,
could urge against Pitt Fox said
of Pitt that he had made the
military power of France, and any
critic of the Government's polioy
after looking for Denikin, Koltchak, and Tudenltch on the map,
may well quote from Fox's speech
In 1801:
"Tho noble lord next alludes to
the principles and power ot
France. For my own part I never
had much dread of French principles, though I certainly have no
slight apprehension of French
power. Of the influence of France
upon the Continent I am as sensible as any man can be; but this
4s an effect which I do not Impute to the peace but to the war.
Ii is the right honorable gentleman himself who has been the
greatest curse of the country by
th(s aggrandisment of France. To
France we may apply what that
gentleman applied formerly on another occasion—we may sing—
i ('■'Me Tenedon, Chrysenque et
Gyllan, Appollinis urbes, et Scyran
He Is the great prominent  cause
sedations for the purpose of de- of1 all this greatness of the French
stroying the pre-existing laws and
Institutions of the country: when
they secure to themselves an army
by dividing amongst the people
of ne property the estates of
the ancient and lawful properties:
when a state recognizes those
acts: when it does not make confiscations for crime but makes
crimes for confiscations: when it
has its principal strength and all
its resources in such a violation
of property: when it stand chiefly
upon such a violation: massacring,
by judgments or otherwise, those
republic. How did we come Into
this situation? By maintaining a
war upon grounds originally unjust. It was this that excited a
spirit of proud independence on
the part of the enemy; it waB this
that lent him such resistless vigor; it was this that gave him energy and spirit, that roused them
to such efforts, that inspired them
with a patriotism and a zeal
which no opposition could check,
and no resistance subdue,"
But   If   the     Government     are
amenable   to   this   criticism,   they
who make any struggle for their are amenable also to the critlcsm
old   legal   government,   and   their °' Burke
legal hereditary or acquired pos<
sessions—I call this Jacobinism by
The nationalization of women
appeared In another form:
"All their new Institutions (and
with   them   everything   is   new)
"I am sure you can not forget
with how much uneasiness we
heard, In conversation, the language of more than one gentleman at the opening of this contest, that he was willing to try
the war for a year or two, and
strika at the root of our social na- M Jt dW not wocMed, then to voU
ture. Other legislators knowing toT Peace-' As i' war was a mat-
that marriage is the origin of all *er of experiment! As If you
relations, and consequently the couId taIte ifc UP or ia-? lt down *■
first element of all duties, have ai? idIe frolickt As if the dire
endeavored by every art to mako 8°ddesa tn-t. presides over it,
it sacred. The Christian religion, wlth her murderous spear In her
by confining it to the pairs and hand' flnd hor eorgon at her
rendering that relation indissolu- [breast, was a coquette to be fllrt-
ble, has by these two things done,ed wlthI Wo ousht with rever-
mor# toward the peace, settle-|ence to approach that tremendous
ment, happiness, and civilization divinity that loves courage but
of the world than by any other commands counsel."
part in this noble scheme of I put< at any rato> could answer
Divine WlBdom. The direct con-.that ,f he tried to nink* Peaco It
trary course has been taken in the'was not until he had Put forth *
synagogue of Antichrist, I mean *V&* effort.
in that forge and manufactory of
all evil, the sect which predominated in the Constituent Assembly of 1789. . . . By a strange
uncalled-for declaration they pronounced that marriage waa no
bctetr than a common' civil con-
Tot ult quoe plurlma virtus
Esse, fuit:toto certatum est cor-
ore regni."
The Government today are tn a
very difficult position. It is no
oredit to them that the Russian
war hns lasted months instead of
tract. ... In consequence of years. The reasons are to be found
the principles laid down, and the in the exhaustion of Europe and
manners authorized, bastards were tho growing power of its demo-
not long after put on the footing cratic forces. So long as the Gov-
of the Issue of lawful unions, .ernment merely had to ohoose be-
Divorce, happily. Is no'tween war and peace they chose
regular head of registry amongst'war; lt was when they had to
civilized nations. With tho Jaco- choose betweon war and power
bins it Is remarkable that divorce that they put war ln the second
not only a regular head, .but it place. And if members are asked
has the post of honor. '. . . .-whether they, like Pitt, spent their
With the Jacobins nf France whole strength ln an enterprise
vague intercourse Is without, re- i'whlch was either a duty or a
proaoh! marriage is reduced to crime ,thoy will answer "No, we
the vilest concubinage: children stopped short at that. The truth
are encouraged to cut the throats was we decided to try the experl-
of their parents: mothers are ment of starving the people of
taught that tenderness Is no part Russia and of supplying the
of their character, and, to demon- .emigres and reactionaries with
at rate their attachment to their .poison gas, tanks, aeroplanes,
partyt that they ought to make .guns in order to see how much
no  scruple   to   rake   with    their harm we could do to the Bolshe-
bloody   hands   In   the   bowels   of
those who came from their own."
Winston Churchill's Predecessor
The desire to lynch the vllllan
of the piece made the middle
classes the warm supporters of
tlio EngliBh aristocracy in their
anxiety to suppress tho French'
experiment. They rallied to the
appeal made by Windham, who
was Mr. Churchill's predecessor.
In his Idea the conquest of Britain by Louis XVI. would have
been a calamity by no means
equal to the propagation of
French principles. Tn the one
case our persons might perhaps
have been safe; all morality, order, and religion would be totally
overthrown In the other. This
would be a war pro arts et focts
to the greatest extent." England
went into the French war in that
spirit, and In January, 1794, whon
the French had bcen driven out of
the   Austrian    Netherlands,     had
viks with the least Inconvenience
to ourselves."
Sacrifices, yes, but the sacrifices
were to be made by Russia; both
tho Russia we combated and the
Russia we promised to help; by
the Utile States on her borders
for whose Independence we affected to bo concerned: but whose
lh'cs and hopes and fortunes wero
to be our barrier against this unspeakable enemy. The experiment
lasted some months, till It became
clear that the Bolshoviks wero
growing stronger rather than
weaker, and that If it were prolonged the confusion and want
that we had caused In the Enst
and the centre of Europe might
spread ono day to our shores.
And every honest man, reflecting on what thfs experiment has
meant tn increasing the sum* and
depth of human suffering and despair, will say as Burke said on
another occasion, that he would
rather put  his  hand  in   the  firo
'Twas PARIS that pot wear in SHOES. Reduce tbe lumber af
pairs of soles yoa buy and you will reduce your footwear MS.
Try PARIS' AU Solid Leather Shoes
I^o you know that 16.15
will buy you s pair ot taa
dren ahoM? Wo har. all
aim at thia price. Regular prlcea were from tl to
?.".*. $6.95
A limited quantity of menl
dress ahoea, made on a
roomy, medium Ue lead
Regular $9.00 value; on
aale at,
pair ....
A special lot of men's wide toe box call shoes, with heavy
slip sole, all solid leather. A splendid boot *g rift
for any wear.  On sale at, pair. ^O.UU •
We were especially fortunate in procuring a quantity of
this old-time bark-tanned stock.  We have, it made up in
a recede toe, medium toe and wide toe, in
all widths and sizes, at	
Boya" Black Chrome
Box Kip Blacken;
stem 11 to US- Ref-
$4.00 to tiM. On
sale at
Ladies' shoes, made of glazed kid. They are handsome in
appearance and cost less than most shoes of
this quality. Medium Louis heel. On sale at.-
similar quality of leather t6 Russia calf, in a dark mahogany brown, with Cuban heel, combina-    *1 O AA
tion last; all sizes, at, pair.   jpiu.UW
Boya' Bark Taa
Chrome Boom; ataae
1 to S%. Regalnr
$5.50.   On aale at
Muses' Sort, Pliable
Call Shoe* witb
plain toea; aim Patent Leather Lace
Boots. Regular $5.5*.
On aale at
May Soon Fall and WiU
Then Be Superceded
By Socialists
Sweden'! coalition cabinet ia expected to tumble down any day,
and when that happens the Socialists, who constitute the largest parliamentary group, will form the
new one. The overturn might have
been accomplished by the Socialists some time ago hod not Hjelmar
Brantlng, the majority leader, taken the position that the Conservatives should have a chance to handle the problems they were responsible for,
Branting's Idea seemed to be that
the Conservatives would thua demonstrate the worthlessness of their
'remedies" and their incompetence. His party would then take
up the helm of state with -greater
strength and with less criticism.
Motions Passed at ait O. B. IT. Meeting tn Hyder, Alaska, Feb. 10.
Meeting called to order In the
lobby of the Miners' Home Hotel
by Del. Kobfson, Fellow-worker
Elliott as chairman.
Moved by Fellow-worker Marr
that we establish a scale of wages
of $1,25 for carpenters, and that
Seeretary Roblson have the proceedings of the meeting published
through Vie Central Labor Council
of the Prince Rupert district."
Moved by Del. FInnigan, "that
carpenters' helpers establish a
wage scale of $1 per hour for all
work lasting for one week or over,
and that for work lasting less than
one week for them to get as much
more as they can."   Carried.
Moved by Fellow-worker Sweeney
that longshoremen receive $1.10
n hour for handling general
freight, and for coal and cement
$1.75 an hour. Time and one-half
to be paid for overtime." Motion
Moved by Bro. Harrington "that
we endorse the resolution passed
by the citizens' meeting and published in the Hyder, Alaska. Miner
in regard to warning all Orientals
away from this district." Motion
Moved by Bro. Nlcholl "that all
work done in Hyder be paid for
in U. S. currency or Its equivalent
in Canadian money."   Carrlod.
Moved by Bro. Nlcholl "that this
meeting call upon U. 8. Officials in
Hyder to arrest all Orientals com
ing into Hyder from B. C. under
the Oriental Immigrants Act."
Tho minutes were ordered published in the B. C. Federatlonist,
with the information that the cost
of board and room In Hyder and
etewart Is from $3 to $5 per day.
In the French Parliament the
other day a minister declared that
not one. of 82 ships built for France
In the United .States had been able
to put to sea. Eighty million dollars was paid for the vessels. They
are useless because they were built
of defective lumber.
Ws offer you the same lines at
prlcea far below those asked at
other stores.
Specials Friday sad Sstnrday
Me Snip Head Olesnar „.„ 17e
BOe Pti>iudent Tooth Past* S4o
86* Teno'i Cough Cnn ..-.. 28o
60* Ola Pills for .  - .33c
750 Abboy'l  Silts   ™ 68c
85c Calm Tooth Powder ....—........23c
flOo California Hyrnp of Fl»i w 44c
35o Albert's Sharing Stick 17c
$1.00 Kurt's Fruit Silts  60c
358 Uolbrook'i Fullers Earth ......14c
500 Velnor Shampoo ..........840
SSo California Citrna Crews lie
25c Aspirin Tablets, 1 dos., 10a;
8 dos. for  .—. —26c
SOe EmnTelfied Coroaant OU 85e
25c Beechira's Pills .... — ■     , _17c
SOc T.lthia Tablete — 34c
BSo Gretna Klenya  „_..„_._.....24c
fiOo Bland's Pills 85c
15c Migle Cora Cnr* ......—__..... 0e
SOe Reld's Kidney Pllla ji....8to
Abor* PrloH lactate War Tas
Vancoom Drug Co.
—B.TM  StoT.fr—
405 Bitting. W. Rej. 1S6S
7 Hnllnn W. S.y. »31
163 Hullnn R.  ..._- Ker. 2081
7K'J Unnvillp 81  Bor. 701S
1700 Conimvraltl Drive ....High. 288
OrenTlll. .nd BrA.dw.f ...Bej. 2814
Broldw.r .nd Miin fc'nir. 4088
You- homo on .aay term, ot
from our fine itock whieh
includes stoves, carped, kitchen, bedroom and parlor
furniture of the best class.
Furniture Co.
41* MAIN ST.
Opposite City Hall
Phono Seymour 23St
820 Granville St Vancouver, B. C.
Patronize ,Ped. advertisers.
than hare any share In ono of tho
meanest of the war. ot history.—
The Nation.
-SjSoT &5f£^__^ Named Shoei sre frequently made
VW0RKERS UNION/ in Non-union factoriee
„ „ No matter what ita namo, unless
RictofV 't hears a plain and readable im.
V ^ *       prcssion of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoos without th. UNION STAMP are alwayi Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stamp
im arm***— stbbei, boston, mass.
OOLLIS LOVKLT, G.n.rM (iMlde.t—OHAS. L. BAINE, Oram! Sie.-Trci. PAGE SIX
twelfth year. No. is   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vanoouvbb, b. o.
FMDAY March  6,   1M0
Labor In Die Commonwealth, by a. D. H. Cole $1.75
Bow Diplomats make War, by F. Ncllsou  1.75
Militarism, by Oirl Liebkneclit USB
Americanize Socialism, hy J. MarKayo  1,50
Jimmie Higgins, by Upton Sinclair  l.sr,
nie Alma of Labor, by Arthur Henderson  1.25
Tbt) Substance ot Socialism, by John Spurgo  1,25
Ton Days that Shook the World, by John Rood  2.25
Russia In ISIS, by Arthur Ransome   1.50
Bullitt's Mission to Russia, by \V. Bullitt     ,60
Lentil, tlie Man, and His Work, by A. R. Williams  1.75
Bolshevik Russia, by E. Antondll  2.25
The Meaning of Socialism, by Bruce Glitzier  1.25
Parliament and Rovolution, by Kainsuy McDonald 80
If ordered by mall, add ten cents per book for postage.
Dealers ask for discount on quantities. Send your order today with amount enclosed to:
Canadian National Railways
and intermediate pointi
New Equipment—obolc. ef BeutM
til tWbat puticalui apply to TOOEIST   4   TRAVEL   BUREAU,   IM
Vancouver, B. 0.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oounoil
Brad tbo Nows from tke Pralrio Metropolis
Subscription prioe $2.00 per year; fl.00 for fix month*
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Room 1, 630 Main St., Winnipeg, Man.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmidont. V. R. Mddey;
rioe-prMidnt, 1. Huiktil; lecrttary, J.
B. Ouapbdl; trewnrw, J. Shew; ler-
■ttnt-.l-.nni, K. King; Iruitaas. W. A.
Pritcksri, J. S. Mine, J. II. CHlk, A.
J. Wilton.
(11—Mnta    leeond    Momliy    la    tt.
Bulk.    Pmldent, 1. ». McCo.ii.il l mo-
WUtt. R. H. IjMlMldj, P. 0. Boi W.
Ud Reinforced Ironworkers, Led ST
f-lfMts wood ud lourth Jlopd.ys.
msident lu. Etttl.|t| SoucUl ser
retary at— treuurer, Roy U.necar, Boom
HS Uto Te»>U,
Lenbur lntutry (eeup wd mill)
meet wltb follow worker! lu tk.t Induitry. Ormiee lute the Leaker Worker.
Iadu.tri.1 Culou of th. 0. B. U.   He.d-
fi.rt.rt, 81 Cordor. SI. W„ Vueouter.
fcon. fley. 7850.
lleeta am Int ui third Tkurtd.ys
k tt. moult, fnt. A. 1. Wilsen. See.-
tou., 1. B. Osmpb.II, Eomu 110 Uber
- > OSes kout, I am. ie 0 im.
pleyees, Loul IS—Unit   .rery   Int
WdBttdty to tke montk tt 1.10 p.m.
teat wory tklrd Weinettay In tht month
at I p.m. Pmldent, Jeka Camming!,
•oerettry ud butlnete tfwt, A. Or.hun.
Mm ud meetlas kill Bid ruder St.
W. Pkue Soy. Ull. OBee hurt, I
tM. t. I p.m.      	
Ol' Union—MeeU 2nd Ul 4th M-
4.71. 301 Ubor TempU. Prt.ld.ut, W.
Wllien, IISI OruviUe Stnet; HenUry,
A. T. K«ll», UBO Btltlnn St. E.: re-
eerdiurteenury, L. Holdsworth, 681—
.... „. «.   Bntk VueouTer.
Colo, et Ue Om Blf Union—Aflllated
■M B. ft Federation ol Labor ud
Vucouver Tr.d«a ud Leber Council—
An ialuMal union el dl worken In
Eatai ud eenatnetiea enmpi. BeM-
Sutrn, BI ttetUte, Street Weit, Vu-
5m B. 0. Phon. Sey. 1868. B.
Winch, tiereUrr-treiierer; lt|d .drlt-
en, aiatni. Bird, Ibedouli * Co., Vu-
■m, B. 0.; nudlton, Beun. Bitter
I Chlwe. Vutturtr, B. 0.
k Chi
AmmMml Leul 38-SS—OEe. ud
kA IM Pender Street Welt. Meeti Int
•al third Md.!*, 8 p.m. Secretary-
mtnnr, Thomu NUon; biilrfeis .gut,
fetor Sinclair.
Bulehec Workmen'! Union No. 0*8—
Meat! Imt MiJ tklrd Tuetdtyi el ewh
■oath, Lahor Timple, 8 p.m. Pruldent,
leka Stark; lunelel leereUrj aud bull-
am aen-t, 1. W. Aadinon, BIT Bomer
Lumber lnduitry, orginiae into th. L.
W. I. V. ef thl 0. B. U.    MiUwork-
en' lectlom meet »i follows:
Vuconver—Lumber Workon'  hetdquar-
tan, 81 Corder. St. W.   lit ud Srd
Biw Weetmlniter—Ltbor Hill. cor. Royil
Ato. ud 7th Bt.   Snd tnd 4th Wediui-
dlri tt 8 p.m.
Prater MIlli—Old Moil.r Picture The..
In,   Miill.rilville.    2nd ud  tlk  Pri-
deyi »t 8 p.m.
fort Moody—Orange Htll, Snd tnd 4th
Pridtyt it 6 p.m.
Siriet 6—Meeti tba Sad ud 4th Pridtyt
el Ihe month, Labor .Temple, 8 p.m.
President, William M.ylor; Intncitl tto-
rettry tnd bnaineai .gent, M, Pkelpif.
correipondlng ucrettry, W. Lee. Ofloe,
Room 207 L.ber Temple.
Employee., Pioneer Dlviaion, No. 101
—Meet. A. 0. P. Hill, Mount Plett.nl,
lit ud 3rd Mond.71 at 10.15 am. .nd 7
p.w. Pmldent, R. Bigby; recording
aecreury, P. E. Orlfin, 447—fith Avenue
Eut; tnwnrar, f. aldawiy; lnucl.1
iecretary .ud butnell .gem, W. H. Cottrell, 4306 Dumlriei Street; olllce corner
Prior end Vila 811, Phene Fair. 8604 B.
Meete litt Sunday of etch month tt
2 p.m. Preeldent, W. S. Thornton; vlce-
prealdent, 0. H. Collier; iecret.ry-tre.i-
urer,  R. H. Nttltndl, Boa Ofl.
Provincial Unions
la unutl convention la Juiary. Excutlve oflcera, 1818-18: Pntldent, J.
K.vuegh, Leber Timple, Vtncouvir;
vice-preiidenti—Vucouver Islud: Cum-
berltnd, J. Ntylor; Victoria, J. Ttyler;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Cttey; Vucouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell: New Weat-
tninater, Gee. McMurphy; Weat Koete-
nty, Silverton, T. B. Roberta; Crow't
Neit Put, W. B. Phlllipi, Fernie, W. A.
Shermu. fi.or.tery-tr«.iure4 A. 8.
Weill, Labor Temple, 401 Dummnlr Et,
Vueonver. B. 0.	
and Labor Coancll—Meett Int tnd
third Wedatidiyi, Knight! ef Pytbiei
HaU, North Perk Street, at I p.m. Pr.lt-
dmt, E. 8. Weoleworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; Hcrettry-treeeurer, ChriitiU
Blvorti, P. 0. Boi 802, Vlctorit, B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meett every tee-
end ud fourth Taeidty In the 0. B. U.
Hell, corner Slith tvenue ud Pulton
itnet, kt 8 p.m. Meetinga open to ell 0.
B. U. memben. Seorettry-tresiartr, D.
8. Ctmeron. Box 217, Prince Rupert, B.O.
Phone Sir. 821      Day ot Night
Nunn, Thomson ft Clegg
631 Homor St.  Vancouvor, B. 0.
$25 Reward
I2&.00 will be paid to anyone giving information which will lead to
the identification of the penon who
stole three bends of oak-tanned
leather from 609 Georgia Street W.
Information to be given at the
above address.
ers' Unit ol the One Big Union, Metel>
HfertBi MinerB—Vancouver, fi. 0., beid-
turtori, tl Cordova Street Weit. All
workers ranged in tbii industry »«
•rjed to join the Union beforn going on
Ae Job. Doa't wilt to bo organUed, but
ggwtlw younelf.
North America (Vaneourer and vlcln-
Ut)—Branch meets eecond and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Honttr, 818 Tenth Are. North
Vancouver; financial leerttary, V.. Qod-
dud, 856 Richards Street; ncording secretary,   J.  D.  Russell,    928   Commercial
Drive.    Phone High, 220.R.	
Faiteoon,   I.L.A.,   Local   Union   88A,
Wanted—The name and address of
any person having a tecond-hand
small eteam shovel for sale. Address all communications to '• &•
Zcliner, Ifanua, Alberta.
The mall order house of Stars,
Roebuck k Co. made a clear profit
last year of $18,800, i: i. There was
a. dividend of 24.44 per cent, on the
175,000,000 of common stock. The
company placed over $12,000,000 In
Its surplus account, bringing this
fund up to 133,674,919.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
All Work Under the One
Agreement in the
(By Francis Ahern)
Workers engaged in the building
trades in Australia are securing all
round Increases ln Wages, In New
South Wales, following several con
ferences with the employers, the
following rates have been obtained
Stone' masons, B7c per hour, $44
per week; bricklayers, 54c, 48
hours; plasterers, 51c,' 48 hours;
painters, 48c, 48 hours; slaters, 54c,
48 hours; quarrymen, G2c, 44
hours; builders laborers, 4fie, 48
hours; pick and shovel men, 43c
per hour, 48 hours per weok. It
has been agreed thnt should the
ai>ove trades working 48 hours
weekly secure the 44-hour wc-efc-
and it is only a mutter of lime
wouii this will come ahou;— Ht rie
masons and quarrymnu w'U come
down to 40 hours \v«-,<;k!y. The
workers engnged in tho building
trades ln otber s*ate* in A;mruUa
have also secured like Increases.
While tho ratea &eem si.nic.vhat l'iw
when compared wilh <\mad!an and
American rates, it must be remembered that living In Australia to a
great deal less than In those coun
Another notable advance in the
building trade fs tho decision for all
workers so engaged to work under
one agreement with thoir employ
ers. At the present time .about 20
different awards or agreements are
observed ln the building trades-
each calling having its own award
with the employer. This causes
much trouble and endless quarrels
over demarcation, and the like.
Now the men have arranged to
have a consolidated award with the
employers, by which all awards wilt
be grouped in one between the employers on the one hand and the
building trades federation on the
other. This move Is a new thing in
Industrial organization rather than
in craft unionism, and Is welcomed
by the men. And lt should also be
remembered that it is a step In the
direction of the true One Big Union
There are two—or rather were—
two societies of carpenters In Australia, known as the Amalgamated
Society of Carpenters and Joiners,
arfd the Progressqtve Society of
Carpenters and Joiners. For a long
time past efforts have been made
to bring about an amalgamation of
the two bodies, but always with little result. However, the two societies got together recently and drew
up a scheme of amlagamatlon auit-
~le to both and the amalgamation
has now been consummated. The
new body is known as the Carpenters and Joiners Society of Australia.
London.—A News Agency despatch received from Rome says
that workers at Pleve di Sollgo,
Italy, have seized the municipal
buildings and proclaimed a soviet.
Fighting is under way between the
workers and the carabineer!, the
despatch says, and many ' persons
have been wounded. The despatch
also reported disorders at Vittbrlo
and Monte Belluns.
New York,—It Is now announced
that the government deficit for the
year to end June 30 will be $3,000,-
000,000. Instead of beginning to
pay ofl our war debt we have actually added to it by this enormous
sum—so gently have we dealt with
great incomes and war profits.
There are rumors afloat to the
effect that our federal debt is about
double what has been announced
and our loans to Europe three to
five times as much as the $10,000,-
000 acknowledged.
London.—At the end of 1918 the
1220 BrltlBh trade unions had a
membership of 6,624,000, as compared with 5,647,000 at the end of
1917. This is an increase of 19
per cent.
Boston.—Organized labor In
Massachusetts is up In arms over
a bill now pending in the State
Legislature, which would enable
that body to pass anti-strike legislation. The bill provides for a
jury hearing to decide whether a
strike is justified or not, and would
make It a crime to call a strike
unless a permit was granted by
such a jury.
London.—Storms are brewing in
the union of post ofllce workers,
numbering 100,000, which presented a demand for a wage increase
to'the postmaster-general in December, and has recoived nothing
but a formal acknowledgment.
Glasgow—A Scottish council of
foundry unions has been formed
from the amalgamation of four
great metal trades already In existence,-in order to promote their
joint interests.
Spokane, WaBh.—Nine of the 11
I.W.W. tried here on criminal syndicalism charges were found guilty,
John Jones and David Laury were
the ones not found guilty
Calgary—The bank clerks of
this city may go on strike on May
1, If their demand for a hundred
per cent, increase over the salaries
received In 1914 are not granted.
Swansea, Wales.—Five thousand
South Wales steel workers have
gone on strike for a 40 per cent,
advance in wages. They have refused the employers' offer of arbitration. This strike will make
idle  2,1,000  workers.
Milan, Italy.—The circulation of
Avantl, organ of the Italian Moxl-
nmllist Socialists, has increased
from 16,000 copies in 1916 to 130,-
000 In 1918 and 860,000 In 1920.
The circulation of the main paper
at Milan is 200,000; an edition of
70,000 Is published In Rome and
one of 60,000 in Turin.
Cincinnati, Ohio. — Penitentiary
and jail sentences ranging from 3
to 15 months were imposed here
upon thirteen Socialists convicted
of conspiracy to defeat the military
Bdltor  B.  C.   Federationist:    Ifthe position of mechanics.    They
read with interest the letter of, Mr.
Stirling of the Church's forward
movement. I agree with most of
what he says. But we cannot treat
the church as a unit as he seems
to do. At present there are five
sects working together In tliis
movement. But looking back to the
time when the compulsory education act was agitated for in Sing-
land, I think you will agree that
while most of the non-conformists
supported the Liberal Party ln the
endeavor to bring that about, the
Anglican Church pretty solidly
backed up the Conservatives in opposing it. I think that this was a
forward movement of great Importance, although our present systfem
is very much what it ought not to
be. I do not agree that the
Church haa opposed all advance. At
the same time I do not agree, as
some claim, that all our liberties
and blessings come through or because of the Church, But at this
time I think we should have a
clear statement on what grounds
does the Church justify its existence and its claims to be reverenced. What Is Its mission? Is It
solely to teach men of a Ufe after
this and to have nothing to do with
the affairs of this world, as some
claim? Walter Walsh, D.D., in
War and Peace, Bald one naturally
thinks of the Church as the conscience of the nation, and it Is only
when he dips into Gibbon or the
Church Times that he changes his
mind. What has the church done
to be considered as the conscience
of the nation? If it Is should not
that conscience be aroused against
unjust laws and the more unjust
methods of carrying out those laws?
I would suggest as one of the first
steps for the Church Is to flnd out
how it stands with the mass of
non-churchgoing people, and why
they hold such standing.
If the Church relies upon the
statistics collected at the last census I may say that owing to the
way the questions were framed,
and the Instructions given to
enumerators, they are not only not
unreliable, but absolutely misleading. If reliable statistics of religious matters are desired, it wilt be
necessary to frame questions in a
very different way and have the answers so that they represent the
opinions of the persons questioned,
which is not the cose at present.
I should be glad to see more discussion of this matter by abler pens
than mine. fi    ,
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir-
Re Defence Fund Charges." 1 se4
in your last edition that you have
given an answer to the above
charges. I fear that your explanations are not sufficiently conclusive
to give complete satisfaction. to
many who have subscribed to this
fund, and may keep many others
from subscribing in the future* . j,
I know only too well the enemies
of labor (many of which are t<* be
found In the ranks of labor itself))
will stop at nothing to bring about
a want of confidence In the administration of the Defense Fund, so
as to Impede and if possible cripple the efforts being made for the
defense of the tabor men on trial
in Winnipeg.
If the moneys collected have been
properly expended, I feel convinced
that the most effective manner to
allay suspicion Is to publish a statement of the amount received up
to date, and the purposes for which
It was expended. Sight must not be
lost of the fact that lt is the general public that subscribes to this
fund, and charges against its administration, be they true or false,
if not properly refuted, will make
many pause who would otherwise
subscribe.     •
Unfortunately, for all thqae who
are not blessed with a surplus of
this world's goods, any appeal for
justice to the courts of law necessitates expenditure and as the men
on trial have not the means, the
rest of the workers must flnd those
means as the result of this trial Is
of vital importance to every worker
ln Canada.
If the fund has been properly administered, then the defenso committee have everything to gain by
publication, but if this information
Is withheld, the thought will be uppermost in the minds of many that
there Is something to hide, and it
will materially effect future collections.
Tours truly,
* O. J. Mengel.
(Note by Ed. — Financial statements are ln the hands of ths representatives of Labor on thu Defense Committee. Full and complete statements will be published
at the close of the trial, showing
all expenditures.)
Put  a   one-cent  stamp   on  this
paper and mail it to a friend.
Shipyard Laborers Union Demise
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Last
Monday night, the Victoria local of
the Shipyard Laborers, Riggers and
Fasteners passed away, after having made arrangements for ag,decent a burial as the circumstances
would permit. The organization,
born with great hopes and aspirations, has lived a short but hapi>y
existence. For two or three years
it has endeavored to emulate the
examples set by past and present
A. F. of L. Unions, and Its life and
demise can be said to be due to
the similar causes that have left to
the life and death of those existing before them.
What has also been bequea^ed
by this latest demise, are the bitter
lessons, so often handed by organizations once thriving and full of
life, but now defunct. And j the
passing away of the union mentioned is one more lesson for thc
workers in these parts to learn before they can boast of that coveted
possession called education.
The union referred to was 6orn
In much the same way as many
other organizations came into being. Thero were jobs to be had,
and of course it is necessary for
competent men to fill the jobs,
which In this case was shipyard
work. The demands at the time
were such, owing to the fact that
many men were overseas using Instruments of everything but a productive character, that It became
necessary to Injcet a large number
of-men Into jobs, who were limited
previously to unskilled work only.
These men suddenly, as it were,
found themselves using pneumatic
tools, and exalted more or less to
were elated at the fact, of course,
and In accordance with the example of their more experienced brothers, organized themselves Into a
union—the above named union in
question. Being' unsophisticated ln
the machinations of job monopoly,
as practised by the American Federation of Labor, they were unaware that they were trespassing
on the preserves of the more recognized A. F. of L. job trusts.
Things were running smoothly for
a while without much objection
from the more' established organizations, but it soon dawned on the
latter, that the influx of unskilled
men into the sacred preserves
would eventually lead to difficulties,
should the job market at any timo
lose Its rosy appearance. This had
to be prevented, and the only safeguard that they could see was to
havo tbe newly-trained mechanics
forced Into their organizations.
That precipitated among the unions
Involved, what has often been resorted to by individual workers one
with another—a flght for the control of jobs. Correspondence galore
passed between the different unions
and their International officers on
the subject. The opinions of the
different officers were flashed far
and wide, and the decisions of this
and that convention were invoked
and quoted to prove the rights of
the contending parties for the job
monopoly. Finally the metal trades
department oft he august American
Federation of Labor handed down
its divinely inspired word on the
subject. It wub to the effect that
the trespassers on the job preserves ln question, namely the
members of the Shipyard Laborers,
Riggers and Fasteners were to disband and divide themsolves among
the more influential Internationals.
The Riggers were to go to the
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, the Fasteners to the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters, and the
Laborers to the Hodcarrlers International. In other.words, It was a
repetition of the' time fossilized
policy of the A. F, of L. In lining
up workers Into organizations,
bleeding them for per capita tax
and then precipitating a jurisdiction! flght, resulting in them being divided up.
The recent happenings in the
Victoria Metal Trades Council in
regard to the local union of Shipyard Laborers, Riggers and Fasteners, was dealt wjth by the writer in
last week's Federatlonist, and It
is, therefore, not necessary to repeat what was said about the treatment meted out to the recently-
demised locat. AU that lt Is necessary to state In that connection is
the fact that even to its dying days,
the council indicated Its hunger for
per capita tax. In other words,
while the council was exacting its
toll, it was using: its resources to
crush the union out of existence.
And having done so, and learning
that the union wan to hold its final
meeting last Monday night, to
make sure that the outlawed union
was successfully bled to death, sent
in a bill for the per capita tax. The
members naturally ■ felt that the
nerve of the council was without
parallel, and have ignored the bill.
Instead of handing over the remaining coin to as useless an aggregation of Labor mis-leaders as
ever thrived on the Labor movement In Victoria, they have decided to spend It on a farewell smoke
for the members,
At the close of thc meeting, each
member was provided with an affiliation blank for membership in
the One Big Union, and the indications nre, that the union from
which they have been thrust, will
be the last of the A. F. of L. organizations, that the majority of
the members will ever again belong
to. The unskilled worker has been
driven around from one job to another, and when he is juggled
around by organizations who profess to be out to establish him in
better conditions, he Is bound,
sooner or later, to resent it. He Is
consequently forced to the conclusion that the only organization that
will establish him in something like
decent conditions while under the
present economic system, is the one
that Will establish him as a producer on the same basis aa any
other producer.
Production In the final analysis,
resolves itself to the position that
regardless of degree, training or
accomplishment, we are all producers, and that as such we constitute a producing class, and with a
common interest. The idea is moreover, gaining ground that the only
organization on this side of the line
that Ib open to all workers, skilled
and unskilled, is the One Big Union
and If the psychological effect of
the treatment they have received
continues, that is the organization
in which they will finally line up.
Strange to relate, while the
writer has written scores of letters
on Labor topics, he has received
more expressions of approval of
the one that appeared in the last
Issue of The ^derationIst, than
for any other tnat he has ever written. And still more strange, most
of the expressions of approval came
from A. F. of L. members, and he
has been led to conclude therefrom,
that even In the opinion of the
Unionists, lt is supposed to represent, the Metal Trades Council has
ceased to function.
The indications appear very evident at present, that the A. F. of
L. organizations in this locality pay
little or no heed to the events that
culminated in the Western Conference, but continue In the same
policy that have made the One Big
Union possible. Experience has
shown all through the march of
civilization that tho chief requirements for an efficient Labor movement Is a capacity to learn. If It
lacks that, Jt lacks everything that
gives it force. That Is precisely
what is lacking in the Victoria
Metal Council, Notwithstanding
statements to the effect that the
One Big Union is dead, one thing
we can be assured of, is that while
the O. B. IJ. continues to educate
the workers along class-conscious
lines, it has a greater future before It than an aggregation masquerading as Labor leaders, who
not only themselves lack the capacity to learn, but throw every obstacle In the way of the progress
of the workers.   .
(Signed)    JOHN L. MARTIN.
Discrimination Shown in
Favor of "Company"
Union Employees
In spite of the fact that a great
number of chief operators and
supervisors of the B. C. Telephone
Company are using' their influence
to build up the "company" union of
telephone operators, the bona fide
labor union, Local 77A, Is holding
its own. Most of the chief operators and supervisors belonging to
Local 77A lost their positions as the
result of last year's sympathetic
strike, and girls who had fallen for
the "company" union bunk were
put ln their places. Since that
time these officials have been active in trying, by various means, to
make "company" union converts of
the old employeea and held out
"red herrings" to new employees,
in many instances placing these
girls in positions they were not
capable of filling, just to keep back
girls who failed to see any advantages in getting under the wing of
a company-run union.
The company has rules posted up
which it enforces, to the effect that
operators caught talking labor
union will be laid off for seven
days for the flrst offence and discharged for the second. But these
rules are not enforced" when a
"company" union girl is heard propounding the virtues and super-
abounding liberality of the telephone company owned and controlled union.
It Is a great relief, however, to
know that a big majority of the
girls do not take any heed of this
fawning praise on the part of
women who are, apparently, incapable of thinking for themselves.
There can bo no benefits of any
moment that are obtained as the
result of plans and schedules Introduced by the company, whose Interests are diametrically opposed to
those of labor. Every real gain
made by labor must be at the expense of capital, and even though
this falls ultimately on the consumer, It always Inconveniences the
company. Organized labor should
use what influence it can to back
up and build up Telephone Operators* Union, Local 77A. The offices
fn wliich company union chiefs and
supervisors are In the majority are
Fairmont, Bayvlew, Highland,
Eburne and Long Distance,
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Endorse 8-Hour Day and
$5.00 Minimum
MeTnbers of the millworkers' section of the Lumber Workers Industrial Union of the O. B. U. at their
branch meetings in Port Moody,
Fraser Mills, and Vancouver endorsed the eight-hour day and a $5
minimum wage for millworkers.
The following wage scale which
covers nearly every branoh of
work around a mill was endorsed
by the Vancouver branch last
Monday evening: Eight hours to
constitute a day's work; $5 to be
the minimum wage for unskilled
labor, and the following rates for
skilled help per eight-hour day:
Blacksmiths, $7.00; assistant jilan-
ernien, $7.00; firemen, $5.50; engineers (3rd class), $6.80; engineers
(1st cluss), $10; re-saw men, $7.00;
foremen planermen, $8.00; planer-
feeders, $5.60; engineers (4th
class), $6.00; engineers (2nd class-,
$8.00; fliers, $8.00; boommen,
As soon as a wage scale has been
approved by tho various branches
a committee will be elected to represent each branch, In order that
they may hold a conference with a
view to making the wage scale uniform and alio to make recommendations regarding enforcing same.
Wage Increase Already Granted
The lumber Interests are apparently realizing the strength of the
L. W. I. U. and no doubt see the
handwriting on the wall, for they
are now granting increases Jn
wages to all workers In the lumber
Industry without waiting to be asked by the organization, but as the
cost of living is increasing In a
quicker ratio than tho increase
they are giving, they will therefore have to raise their nnte unless
they want a show-down called in
the near future.
Members are now getting busy In
educr.Ling their fellow-workers In
the mills who are not organized to
a realization of the fact thot It is
only slaves who work to live and
that It is time the workers become
civilized and lived to work.
V. Midgley to Speak
The next meeting In New Westminster promises to be interesting,
all members of the O. B. U. ln
that district have beon invited to
attend. V. Mldgley, secretary of
the O. B. V., has been asked to address the meeting and it Is expect
ed that a number of members from
the Fraser Mills will be present as
well as members of the Railway-
men's Unit from the Port Mann
During the past two weeks about
50 new members have joined up
at the Fraser Mills. The laat meeting out there was addressed by See-
retary-Treasurer E. Winch. About
80 members were present and It Is
expected that there will be fully 60
more members sign up at the next
meeting in Maillardville on the
llth inst.
Port Moody to Have Dance
It is the intention of members tn
the Port Moody district to hold a
social and dance out there on Friday, March 26, and all memberB in
that district should make a point
of being present at the business
meeting out there on the 12th Inst.,
as It will be necessary to appoint
committees at this meeting to
complete arrangements for the
At the next meeting of the Vancouver branch, Monday, March 15,
members will vote on the uestioa'
Ben Gard" Clothes
for Men and Young Men
Nothing we have seen for the spring will contribute so strikingly
to the young man's contour as these models of the famous "Ben
Oard" brand, They are clean, youthful and smart, and give an
air of alertness and assurance. In these nicely thought-out styles
the designers have successfully carried out a complete blending
•f all the best ideas that the season calls for.
The trousers, cut with a trend toward slenderness, are exceptionally smart and well balanced. The side pockets are set slightly
aslant, which is a very welcome device. The materials ln these
models have been chosen according to their adaptability for each
style, and represent the choicest of the world's markets In various shades and blendings. gee the display In our men's windows
-at east side of store. Como in and examine the fabrics and workmanship. Nowhere can you got better styles, service or satisfaction than we offer you *os nn'°tcn t\i\
in these suits at       «POO.UU     90U.UU
The [MX Loggers' Boot
Mall orders por»or»Uy attended to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & BON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Seymour 550 Repairs Done While Von Walt
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
of holding meetings weekly, instead
of 0% at present, twice a month.
Members who caunot attend the
meetings In the evening, In fact all
members, should try and attend the
tegular business meetings of the
L. W. I. U. that are held on the
Snd and 4th Sundays of each month,
at 2 p.m. at headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West, ob lt is at these
meetings that the most important
business of the organization comes
up for consideration.
Donations from  Silverton
The following is a list of donations sent in by T. B. Boberts of
Silverton, B. C:
From the Queen Bess Mine, Sandon, P. W. Dunning, $5.00. From
Silverton, T. B. Boberts, $5.00; J.
Price, $5.00; A. McAvon, $2.00;
Joseph Anderson, $2.00; M. Anderson, $2.00; M. McDonald, $3.00; D.
Mclntyre, $2.00; J. D. Grant, $1.00;
John Donohue, $1.00; K. McDonald,
$2.00; h. S. Tattrle, $2.00; Neil McDonald, $2.00; Dan Chrishohn,
$2.00; B. Amendsen, $1.00; W. T.
Oke, $1,00; H. J. McDonell, $5.00;
Angus Beaton, $2.00; Clarence E.
Smith, $2.50; Bert Bescord, $2.00;
J. P. McDermott, $1.00; Nick Mc-
Nallan, $2.00; J. B. Jackson, $1.00;
John Nash, $6.00; J. Bakman,
$1.00; Joe Dunn, $5.00; A. Turucy.
$1.00.  Total, $65.50.
$64.00 of this was sent to Winnipeg direct, the balance of $1 to
the B. C. Defense committee.
We patronise those who patronize us.
Lenin Answers Some
Important Questions
(Continued from page 1)
against possible wars In the future.
You ask what would be the basis
of a possible peace between America and Bussia. My answer is: "Let
American capitalists leave us alone.
We shan't touch them; we are even
ready to pay with gold for any machinery, tools, etc., useful to our
transport and Industries. We are
ready to pay not only gold but with
raw materials,'
"You ask what are the obstacles
to peace between Bussia and Amer.
lea. None on our part, but imperialism on the part of America as
well as other nations' capitalists.
Homo for Deportees
"An to our view of deportation of
Russian reolutlonlsts from America, we have received them. We
are not afraid of revolutionists
here In this country. As a matter
of fact, we aren't afraid to anybody and If America Is afraid of a
few more hundred or thousand oi
Its citizens we are ready to begin
negotiations with a view to receiving any citizens whom America
thinks dangerous with the excerption of criminals.
"Possibilities of an economic alliance between Bussia and Germany are unfortunately not great,
because the Scheldemanns are bad
allies. However, we stand for an
alliance with all countries.
"What are our views upon the
Allied demand for the extradition
of German alleged war culprits?
If we are to speak seriously on this
matter of war guilt, the guilty ones
are capitalists of all countries.
Hand us over all your landlords
owning more than a hundred hectors of land and capitalists having
capital of more than 100,000 francs
and we shall educate them to useful labor and make them break
with the shameful and bloody role
of exploiters and instigators of
wars for partition of lands and
gaining of colonies. Wars will
then be absolutely impossible.
Raw Materials for Machinery
"What would be the influence of
peace between Bussia and the rest
of the world upon economical conditions in Kurope?" The exchange
of machinery for corn, flax and
other raw materials. This clearly
couldn't be anything but beneficial.
As to our opinion regarding the
future development of Soviets as
a world force, the future belongs
to the soviet system the world over.
Facts have proved lt. It con not
be otherwise. Once tha workers
in the cities and landless peasants
and journeymen in villages swell
the number of small land workers
and cease to constitute a medium
of exploitation; once this enormous
majority.of tollers has understood
that the Soviets give the whole J
power into thetr hands, releasing
them from the yoke of landlords
and capitalists, how could you prevent the victory of the soviet system atl over the world?
"Has Russia yet to fear a counter revolution from without?" Unfortunately, lt has, because capitalists are stupid, greedy people. They
made a series of such stupid,
greedy attempts at Intervention
that one has to fear repetitions until the workers and peasants of
each country thoroughly re-educate
their capitalists.
"Is Bussia ready to enter business relations with America? Of
courso it is ready to do so, not
only America, but with every other
country. Peace with Eslhonla, to
which country we made enormous
concessions, has proved our readiness to give for the sake of business relations even Industrial con-
\X7"E carry the biggest
line of workingmen's
gooods in B. C, and sell
them for less.
Men's Working
Gloves, Broncho
Men's Broncho
Gauntlets ..
Men's Pigskin
Merino Under*
wear, suit .
Men's Wool nib- AQi  AA
bed Underwear V«*»""
Men's     Black     Underwear,
flne ribbed;
Men's Overalls oC all mokes
Men's Coveralls    &A   CA
Stetson  Hats
$2.50   $7.50a d $8.00
18-20 Cordova St. W. and 444 Main St FRIDAY ......Maroh 8, lit*
Quality .'.Service
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Hew Tbey An, Indexed for Too
Ur. Uniw Km, Ont This Ont u« «v» It. to Tom Wife
Bank ot Toronto, Haatinga * Cambie; Viotorla, Merritt and New Weatminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, U Branehea ia Vaaeounr, 28 in R 0,
Bkeny's ....."..—„. -.—.——...—— ——Phone Fairmont H
Tiadalls Limited...
1, A. Flott	
-618 Hastinga Street Wert
 Hastinga Btreet Weat
Pocket Billiard Parlor...
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booma)..
Boots and Shoes
.42 Hutinga Street Beat
"tastings Street Bast
Goodwin Shot Co., _
Ingledew Shoe Store..
"K"Boot«iop. _..
Pierre Paris..- .-._
Wm. Dick Ltd...
..lit Hastings Street Beat
._. ...Glilj OranviUe Stroet
 319 Hastings Street West
..64 Hastings Street West
...Hastings Street Bast
Vancouver Co-operative ...41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova Street West
Golden Gate Cafo .....Hastings Street Oast
0. B. U. Mod.l Cafe ,.i ..-.(7 Cordova Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k Quigley. ........j. __._ 546 OranvUle Street
damans, Ltd 163 Hastings Street West
Clubb k Stewart - 309-316 Hastings Street West
B. C. Outfitting Co — 342 Hastings Streot Wost
Wm. Dick Ltd ... 33-49 Heatings Street East
Tbos. Foster * Co., Ltd ............_....._._..  514 OranviUe Btreet
J. W. Foster k Co., Ltd..,
J. N. Harvey Ltd.......	
Tke Jonah-Prat Co...
New York Outfitting Co	
David Speneor Ltd...—..........
W, B. Brumitt- -	
Thomas k McBain—	
 345 Hastings Street West
-135 Heatings West and Victoria, B. 0.
 . . 401 Hastings Street West
...- 143 Hastings Stroet West
 . . Hastings Streot
 ——.,.—. Cordova Street
...Granville Street
Woodwards Ltd...
Victor Clothes Shop...
D. K. Book .
...Hastings and Abbott Streets
  112 Hastings West
, 117 Hastings Street West
Vancouver Co-operative .- 41 Pender Street West
Kirk * Co., Ltd  929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
Maedonald Marpole Co         ""
..1001 Main Street
Fraser Valley Dairies...
...8th Avenue and Yukon Street
Drs. Brett Anderion and Douglas Casaelman.,
Dr. W. J. Curry	
Dr. Gordon Campbell...
Dr. Lowe...
...602 Hastings West
-301 Dominion Building
Dr. Grady:..
...Corner Granville and Bobson Streeta
...Corner Hastings and Abbott Streets
...Corner Hastinga and Seymour Streets
Britannia Beer...
Cascado Beer	
Hotol Wost...
....Westminster Brewery Co,
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
...444 Carrall Street
Patricia Cabaret—
Taxi—Soft Drink*...
Van Bros —.....
.-411 Hastings Streot Bast
 .409 Dunsmuir Street
 .- ...Ciders and winea
Vancouver Drug Co..
.Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak k Suit Co  623 Hastings Streot West
Vancouver Co-operative  41 Pender Street West
Brown Bros, k Co. Ltd 48 Hastinga East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn, Thomson k Glegg. —*. 531 Homor Stroet
Hastings Furniture Co  . — 41 Haatinga Street West
Ballard' Furniture Btore  ; 1024 Main .Street
Home Furniture Oompany .* 416 Main Street
Cal-Van Market	
■Slaters" (three stores)	
Spencer* Ltd...
...Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
Christian; Science
..Hastings, OranvUle and Main Streets
  Haatinga and Abbott Streeta
...Hastings Stroet
Vancouver Co-operative ... 41 Pender Street Weat
Black and Whit. Hat Store  .Cor. Hastings and Abbott Streets
Birks Ltd —...................  Granville and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs ■'
W. H. Malkin....—.- (Malkin 's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. C.)
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.  .642 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse.. »..„.....-.....-««.„  —Labor Temple
Clelland-Dibble....——   -Tower Building
 .*._a n. b,
p. a. ei...
......and the--—
States That the Moves
Must Be Ever
Comrade T. A. Barnard was in
good ahape at the Royal on Sunday night, when he addressed an
hour's vigorous talk to "men, women and others," He recognized
that his arguments would not bo ol
much use to the "others," so far
us 'It'ir own mentality waa concerned; but he Intimated to them
that the usual precautions were be*
Ing tnken to gtuu-A against mlsrep
icsentallon on Iheir part.
Aa en old-timo local preacher,
he naturally started out with
'text," kindly provided by the Sun's
editorial on "Getting Back to Normal." He thought the phrase typified the Individual who wrote it,
aud who evidently thought getting
to "normal" necessitated going
backward. On the contrary, revolution was on in the minds ot the
people; the direction was "onward
and upward to the ultimate"; there
wai no such thing as going back.
The press was still engaged in
Its old tajsk of setting up a bogeyman to distort the people's vision.
Every move for the benefit of the
workers was said to mean the overthrow of the British Empire, the
seducing of women, the burning of
children, and so on. This was seen
especially la the case of Russia;
and unless they could knock that
bogey-man down, they, would not
get very far. All camoullag. of
the system must be removed; In order to get down to causes, the veneer had to be taken off.
Early ln 1915, Russia's vast
armies refused to light. The great
change which had come over that
enormous country, with its tending millions, must have an effect
here. "If Russia has got something]
better than we have, we're going to
grab it; if it is not better we are
not going to have it. Therefore, we
are interested In what is going on
in Russia." Kerensky and others
had tried to hold the empire together, but the men would not
flght. They absolutely quit. Then
Bolshevism came and was still In
power. * After thus showing themselves able to overthrow any regime they did not desire, the speaker declared: "No one can tell me
that there can be any government
in Russia that they don't want."
Russian events were no longer
wrapped in mystery, "We no longer have to depend on the capitalist
controlled press.
The press reports, :however, how
indicated that what had been
prophesied from that platform
wag now a fact beyond contradiction. The powers were now disposed to peace with those who hod
.formerly been characterized as
ravishers, murderers, and so forth;
the allies were now ready to wel-
como the advent of a democracy
in Russia, and to recognize that its
vast and efficient army was fighting for real democracy. Not, however, that the allies had scrupled
to recognize autocracies such as
those of the Czar and the Kaiser
In the past, or had felt called on
to register any protest when Russian peasants had been shot down
under the old regime. The simple
fact was that conditions now compelled them to recognize thc soviet,
As to the explanations now made
for this change of attitude, the
speaker said: "That's the kind of
blarney they are trying to peddle;
and they're getting away with it,
for you're licking it up. If you
weren't licking it up, you wouldn't
he in the position you are in. Humanitarian reasons! Don't you believe it. It's from conditions and
dire necessity that they're going to
recognize them right quick. They
were very 'red;' now they're only
'pale pink.' Next, they will probably bo green, or some different
color altogether." As to propaganda, they didn't need any more.
Their propaganda waa  done.
As the newspapers had listened
to their masters' voice in dealing
with Russian affairs, so It was with
olher matters. The speaker was
not there to make a speech for the
O. B, U. or tho International;
whichever functioned in the interests of the workera would remain.
But because a new form of organization was in existence, a bogeyman was again set up, though it
consisted of nothing but air—and
hot air at that. The speaker had,
however, been struck with one
statement made at the Avenue thitf
afternoon; that if notices were put
up everywhere giving freedom of
employment to all, irrespective of
their aflllfcatlon, they would not
flnd a baker's dozen In affiliation
with tho A. F. of It.. If an organ'
izatlon thus held Its members by
moans of their meal-ticket, the
spenker submitted that it was not
functioning in the interests of all
the workers. He added that the
peoplo who had been saying things
about tho Bolsheviks were capable
of saying things about tho O. B.
U. or other things that were In
tho interests of the workers,
While prohibition wag given as
the cause of Bolshevism In one Instance, drink appeared to bo Hg
cauae in another. It waa simply
the bogey-man once more —"to
keep you from looking at the real
thing," As to the real reasons why
there was unrest, the speaker
pointed out that In genoral there
were two classes in socioty, and
two only; those who produc© and
do not possess, and those who possess and do not produce. Between
these two classes there was a constant war. They might as well try
to mix oil and water as to merge
thoso two classes into one, "It
can't be done, as the interests are
diametrically opposed."
Owing to the   inability   of   the
.    (By Geo. F. Stirling)
Some time ago, the writer, in
spirit of enquiry, read Mrs. Eddy's
book,   "Science  and  Health,  wit]
Key to the Scriptures."
He was interested, amazed, and.|
enlightened, as a result. Not s»
much at what' Mrs. Eddy wroteJ
as at what she disclosed of herself, J
Truly It could be said of her, as
was said of one other, "she speaks
eth as one having authority.'!,
There is an air of "the word of
the Lord came unto me saying*1
about the whole book, which is on
a par with the encyclicals of the ]
Pope, or, tho mandates of Elijah.
Let no orthodox Christian, however, hasten to smile at the expense of Mrs. Eddy. It Is the candid opinion of the writer that there
is more reason and logic about
Christian Science than there le
about any other religion.
Christian Science teaches that
the Idea of evil co-existing with an
omnipotent and benoflclent God is
wrong. They say if there is a good
God, then evil cannot and doei
not exist The atheist says, evil exists, therefore there cannot be a
good Ood. But the orthodox Christian says, both God and evil exist
Of the three conclusions, the latter is the most foolish, and tens of
thousands of writers have written
tens of thousands of volumes to
explain away the mystery of evil
From the orthodox standpoint it
remains unsolved.
Christian Science attempts to ex-
plain lt It begins by assuming that
there Is a good Qod, an eternal
and omnipotent Creator, and it
reasons from this quite logically
that therefore, evil, pain and sin,
are mere mental aberrations of
mortal mind; that they have no
existence, and cannot co-exist with
omnipotent good. On the other
hand, atheists, agnostics and materialists generally, look around on
a world full of devils in human
flesh, competing, fighting, struggling, warring, hating, in a mad
struggle for supremacy. They look1
upon the past few years of bloodshed and-atrocity; on the sacrifice
of millions of human beings, including women and innocent chil
dren, and they conclude that the
idea of a good God is absurd. And
if they do not agree with the atheist that there la no God, at least
thoy arrive at a verdict cf "not
There is some truth in Christian
Science, and much nonsense. The
writer believes that "there is light,
with more or less of shade, in all-j1
man modes of worship." But the]
trouble Is that man, aa a clothed
animal, has come to look upon
clothes, or the externals, as the
main thing, and consequently lays
undue emphasises on the clothes
of his religion; lhat is, his creeds!
and hla ceremonies, and any light]
of truth which originally shone1
In his religion is obliterated by the
impenetrable darkness of the meta-^
physical pit
We cannot always detect thefj
truth, but' if two contradictor/
statements are put before us, although we might not be able to
say that they are both false, we'
Tom the Tailor.—
'Ahrams the Tailor .
 524 Granville St.; 318 Heatings W
, 614 Hastings West
Fi* now a ballet girl on the boards
ice nightly, the writer does not
iubt her testimony at all.   The
tie item in the account which
doubts is whether Bunkum's
Pills did the trick.
A So with Christian Science. The
cures are not the work of the practitioner wholly. Nay, if we believe
Mrs. EMtly no Christian Science
practitioner can effect any cures
at all, and we fail to understand
why they prei cud to do bo, for she
*ays distinctly en page 70, "Science
and Health."
"If a dose of poison Ib swallowed
through mistake and the patient
dies, even though physician and
patient are expecting favorable re-
sutls, does belief, you ask, cause
this death? . . . Even so. . . .
The consequence Is, the result Is
controlled by the majority of opinions outside, not by the infinitessi-
mal minority of opinions in the
sick chamber,'
Now the majority of opinions
outside are against the theory of
Christian Science, therefore
cures eaa ever take place.
Page 98. "We admit that Ood
is a present help in time of trouble,
and yet we rely on a drug to heal
disease as If senseless matter had
more power than omnipotent spirit" This sounds very loyal and
patriotlo to God, but It Isn't true.
In stubborn cases a rhubarb pill
will do more good than omnipotent spirit.
A Scotch fisherman once made
a remark which knocked all the
pins from underneath this omni
potent spirit theory. He was out
in a small boat with a couple of
English tourists on Loch Fyne.
One of the tourists was a big strapping fellow and the other was
rather below the average. A storm
came up and the waves began to
break over the bow of the boat,
The tourists were kept busy bailing out the water and the fisherman was pulling like a galley slave
for the shore. At length the tourists noticed that in spite of all their
efforts the water was steadily rising in ihe boat and the continued
fury of the storm filled them with
The big fellow could stand lt no
longer, and he stammered out
'D-Don't you th-thlnk we had better pray?"
"Na, na," said the fisherman,
"the wee man can pray, but you'd
better tak ah bar.'
If there Is any disease that is in
the imaginary class and ought to
fall before the philosophy of Christian Science It fs seasickness. And
yet we remember one time whilst
(■CTossing the Atlantic, one passenger
-Who had been holding forth the
first day out, on Christian Science,
on the second day she threw up
everything but her "Key to the
„ Mrs. Eddy's book is full of inconsistencies and ambiguities like
'niost works on metaphysical sub'
To cite a case. On page
"Science and Health," Mrs. Eddy
gives the platform of her philosophy.
Section 2 says: "God is what the
scriptures declare him to be."
Section 3: "God Is good and
evil cannot proceed from good."
Now if God is what the scriptures declare him to be not only
is ho capable of showing evil passions such as jealousy, revenge,
hatred, etc., but he actually claims
to be the creator of evil. Isaiah,
chapter 45, v 7. "I make peace
and create evil. I am tlie Lord
that doeth all these things.1
If then, God creates evil, section
3 ln Mrs. Eddy's .philosophy is
false. If Isaiah's statement Is unreliable, then section 2 Is false.
From the horns of this dilemma
there is no escape. _„^^^^
Again, on -page S of this wonderful little book we read "Tho
author  calls  sick  and  sinful   hu
inanity   'mortal   mind, Mortal
mind" Implies something untrue
and thereforo unreal, and as the
phrase is used In teaching Christian Science it is meant to designate something which has no real
It follows, that sinful humanity
has no real existonce. But on page
262 she says, "Christian Scientists
will hold crime In check. They
will aid the ejection of error." But
if sinful humanity docs not exist,
then crime and error do not exist.
How then can they be held in
check? It Is an unfinished mystery.
If there is any good In Christian Science it is In tho power of
its advocates to fix their hypnotic
spell on the sufferer, and with a
smile to say "Forget it," The writ-
er believes that some of the wonderful cures reportod In Christian
Science literature really take place.
He also believes that some of the
wonderful cures reported In press
advertisements reully take place,
and when Mrs. O'Brien testifies on
solemn oath that she was afflicted
for 10 years with rheumatism and
St. Vitus' Dance In the same leg,
and was given up by IS doctors
(possibly because they each in turn
failed to collect) and then her attention was happily called to
Bunkum's PUIs, and the cure waa
so sudden and permanent that she
jects, but lack of space forbids
'further quotations.
j To those who feel their need of
[the consolations of some religion
the writer would not hesitate to
Recommend Christian Science, aa
however fallacious its philosophy,
it is an attempt to make religion
know that one of them must he* pt-actlcal in this life.    It doea not
tan       Tn    rlta    a    rtaaa       Dn    nmu    9.9.*\   lt\'i-ntn'mn   tm,.    .,1a    I—    *t.n    -1™    —I..—
p't-omise you pie ln the sky when
you die in the sweet by and by,
but attempts to do you good here
and now. But to those who worship at the shrine of Truth, this
modern religious philosophy extends no consolation.
They Force Duke to Cede His Lani
and Palace to Landless
Palermo, Italy.—Peasants at RI
bera, province of Glfantl, lying to
the south ot Palermo, attacked the
residence of the Duke of Blvona,
disarmed the soldiers, wounded
carabineer, and invaded the ducal
Tho duke was compelled to sign
a paper ceding his land to the peasants. The duke who Is a grandee
of Spain, waa then allowed to leave,
Big Miners9 Meeting Emphatically Turns Down
U.M.W.of A.
Fernle.—This progressive elty
haa always had worries about snow
slides and avalanches, situated as
it Is at the bottom of three noted
peaks of the Rockies. There was a
tremendous avalanche a week ago
last Sunday and burled hopelessly
beneath the debris lies all that remains of th* International U. M.
W. of A.
On this day International Organizers Ramsay, Ryan, Angello, Slra-
monds and Raynor made an attack on this camp which the Calgary Herald declared was to be reorganised for the U. M. W. of A.
They rented Ingram's HaU and
they advertised a meeting. Ths
hall was packed to the doors, stairway and all, and mea were sven
hanging on the wall.
The meeting went on for nearly
three hours and then a vote was
taken on: "Shall ws join ths International?" It was the tremendous "NO" that Jarred the mountains loose. There was not a single
vote from the men In favor of again
connecting up with the defunct Indianapolis machine. The Calgary
Herald reporter failed to notify his
"truthful, democratic Journal" of
the result of the meeting and probably next week that paper will be
again Informing Its readers that
Fernle Is "One hundred per cent
stronr for the U. M. W. of A."—
The Searchlight.
Two Overflow Meetings
Greet Dixon After
Court Victory
Winnipeg.—The Strand theatre
was incapable of containing the
crowds who gathered to greet F.
J Dixon, M. L. A., the Sunday following his acquittal,
and long before the advertised
hour of the meeting crowds of
men and women were being trun-
ed away and directed to the overflow meeting ln the Labor Temple,
which' soon became two overflow
meetings, as there was no hall in
the Labor Temple capable of accommodating the crowd. The
Strand theatre certainly presented
an impressive sight when the meet,
ing was called to order by S. J.
Farmer, who presided. The crowd
had just settled down after cheering itself hoarse bs Dixon made
his way from the door of the theatre to the wings, and tier after
tier of eager and vitally expectant
faces rose from the orchestra to
the roof.
Mr. Farmer announced that the
meeting was the first of a programme arranged by the Labor
Party to advance its political gospel
for a new Canada, a land of greater opportunity, combined with the
opportunity of greeting the fighter
In the cause of labor, who had
Just won such a notable victory
over our enemies.—Western Labor
J. A. Flott...
Martia, Finlaysoa * Mnthor... 	
Theatres and Movies
— .... Orpheum 	
Empress .
...Hasting! Street Weal
..Hasting, Street West
—..—. Pantages
10 Sub. Cards
Good for ono year's subscription to The
B. 0. FWloration!at, will be mailed to
snj ftddreai ln Canada for f 17.50,
(Oood anywhere outside of Vancouver
city.)  Ordor ten today. Remit whon aold.
Use Royal Crown Soap1
(aad Save tho Coupons
workers In any country to purchase
what was produced, there was In
each a surplus production. This
needed foreign markets, and the
question of its disposal thus pro
vided the germs for another war.
One  of the (principal  reasons  of*.n. ,   .
rtne.A       1-lnnvr.n'c,      n.,Vlnt„      *n      Hn(,l«.     "fl*01     U,U"1,
'' Ramsay Macdonald, writing ' ln
the Glasgow Forward on tho fall
of Clemenceau has the following to
One cannot help feeling a twinge
of pity as ono beholds the old
man In his fallen estate. Great
hus boen the disservice ho has done
to Franco; evil has,been his work
ln Europe. In time to come, If
anything ln this life is eortain, he
will bo held up as one of those
immoral men who leave wrath as
an inheritance, vanity and passion
as a legacy; a pitiable, primitive
man who crushes civilization under
his hoel to enjoy revenge, and who
injuves to rucomponso himself for
injury. He belongs to the victors
who provo their power by destruction and who leave the world
racked with wrong.
Only yesterday, he dominated.
He had chosen his position as thc
head of tho French stale. His
friends were preparing their laurels for his brow, and those who
flfnew him best were sad at heart
for his country. Hut at the mo-
j'ffient when his prido and his trl-
'titnph appeared unbridled, he was
Struck clown (happily by the Bo-
'eallist party in the chamber).
Presidency and premiership vanished in an hour, and he goes out
'defeated to meet the doom which
History is to pronounce upon him.
;'Tho drama runs like a Greek
tragedy. They can now vote him
Honors and thanks, but no cup can
tako tho place of that which has
Bfeen dashed from his lips and no
Wine so sweet as that which he will
Went  Into   Mourning   Instead   of
Rejoicing—Protest Meetings
Held Everywhere
Allahabad.—While the British
Govornmont was celebrating the
consummation of peace with Germany, India went Into mourning.
Protest meetings were held in
Calcutta and Bombay, Madras and
Delhi, and other important cities
throughout the length and breadth
of India. As a sign of mourning,
shops and bazaars were closed, and
people went about in mourning,
"Between 1,500 and 2,008 of our
brethren are in Jail in the Punjab," said one speaker. "Hindus
and Mohammedans, whether they
bo men, women or children, hnve
heen killed In cold blood. Our
brothers in the Punjab are in
mourning. With what heart can
we take part In any rejoicing?'1
Lloyd George's anxiety to settler]
with Russia was that they wanted
to get in and sell things and boat*
the Tank.
"Tho fellow on the top will re-
main on the top so long as you
aro fooled by the pross to voto for
the fellow who represents tho cap
Uallsts Instead of the fellow who
represents you." They must beware of wolves ln sheep's clothing;
put ln men of their own class, and
control them so that there wan no
chance of them selling out. Follow
the tines of the I. L. P. and the
"Big 3" in the Old Country, and
not bo frightened by tho talk of
taking away capital. Remember
the utterances of the papers in tho
past; and, "when thoy try to
knock a man or an organization,
conclude that mun or organization
is on the right tr**" "
M1) AINLESS" is a good word which the law
X  forbids to be used in a dental announcement, yet with the care and skill which go
hand in hand in my practice, added to the mechanical and
medical aids which science has placed at onr disposal,
there is little to fear in the dental chair here. I am daily
complimented by patientg who safely pass what they ex*
pected to he an ordeal without discomfort "Grady*
grade" dentistry is accomplished only by dint of care and
sympathetic patience. The warrant of quality and en*
durance could not otherwise be given.
AH Classes or Workers Are letting
Hestlcss—Strikes Increasing for
Shorter Work Day
Tokio,—All classes of labor In
Japan are showing discontent with
present conditions, from city olll-
cluls to sailors. Ofllclals In Hlda-
cho, the town office, Olta prefecture, have struck for highor salaries. About H50 workers in a
paper mill at Nlshinnrlgun left
work in a body, demanding a 30
per cent. Increaso fn wages and a
shorter working day. Throe hundred Tokio printers went on strike
for the eight-hour day. Meanwhile the crew of a ship In the harbor refused to work the vessel.
Their chief grievance was the
coarseness of their food.
Reform Sometimes Suits Capitalism
r,n A social reform can very well
agroo with the Interests of the ruling classes. It certainly leaves for
tho moment their social position
umilmken, and in certain circum*
stances may even enhance It. A social rovolution, on the contrary, is
quite incompatible with thoir interests, implying, as tt under all circumstances does, the destruction of
their power. No wonder that the
ruling classes, for the time being
always doprocatod and condemned
the revolution, nnd, whon feeling
themsolves Insecure, opposed to tho
Idea of rovolution that of social
reform, praising thc latter to tho
skies—very frequently, of course,
without letting It become an earthly reality.—Karl Kautsky.
Toronto, Ontario.—A call to all
local branches of the Independent
labor party to enlist In a drive for
membership has been Issued by the
provlnolal socretary here. Mrs.
Iloso Henderson, prominent organizer, has been secured to lead the
drive, says the announcement. This
campaign la being set on foot to
prepare for the noxt general election, the date for which has not
been set.
and Miners'
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London.—One hundred thousand
railway ctorke aro seething with
impatience In England becnuso tho
wage Increase that was granted
them last August has not yot boon
paid them. The delay Is due to a
ro-classification of grades. Many
of tho mon, although pnid the IS
war bonus allowed to all railway
employees, havo had nn advanco ln
salary for three and a half yeara.
WK supply the Footwear requirements of entire families with
Our Goud Shoos. Come in and see what Splendid Value,
ln Good shoes we will give you for your money these days when
Shoo Values are so uncertain.
After testing us by trial, we believo that you will want to mak.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Eat More Bread
rpiIAT'3 the slogan that meant real economy for yen. Th.
* fact that other food costs have Increased 85 per cent. sine.
1914 makes bread th. cheapest food you can buy.
Ie full of real food rata, nnd possesses a taste that makes
the eating of moro bread a profitable pleasure. Those flaky
loaves with the golden brown crust have never been equalled
—they're from Canada's most modem and hygienic bakery.
TWELFTH TEAR.    No.  10
.March 6, 192*
Boys' l)cpt., 2nd floor
Do Onto Others as
You Would Be Done By"
YOU need not be an intense, student of the Bible to appreciate just what this phrase means. You, as a
Labor man, appreciate the struggle that you have had, to
achieve Union hours, Union wages and Union working
conditions. Fellow working men in tho clothing manufacturing business experienced the same difficulties. They
can only hope to retain these advantages by obtaining
your whole-hearted support. As a Union man, it is not
only your duty, but good business to wear Union-made
This is the only storo in Vancouver which sells Union-
made Clothes. Every garment has thc Union Label sewn
in the pocket. And remember, too, those suits offer you
just as good style and just as good fabrics, dollar for
dollar, as you can obtain in other clothing. A big range
of new Spring Models to select from at $45.
$25, $30, $35 to $75
The Home of
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Hardy and Smith in
Debate at Avenue
(Continued from page 1)
due to thc ideas of leaders, but because of conditions in Industry, He
described the functions of the craft
unions in the shipbuilding industry, pointing out that he could take
no better example than local coir
ditions to prove the ineffectiveness
of the craft organizations. Ue said
It -was natural that the leaders of
the croft organizations should oppose the change, as il would put
many of them out of their jobs.
He asked where the opposition was
coming from, pointing out that It
vas the employers who were most
opposed to it, and Ef it were not
for. this fact, the smallest hall in
the Labor Temple would be large
enough to hold the craft organizations. He pointed ouj that the
laborers fn Coughlan yard had
been given a nincrease In wages,
and that these men with the aid of
the machine could carry on the
work lu the yardB if necessary.
Long Past Apex
He stated that the craft unions
were at their apex over a hundred
years ago, when the employers in
the calico industry had a pamphlet, made the following statements
to their employees:
"Tou fix the number of our apprentices, and oftentimes the number of our journeymen. You dismiss certain proportions of our
hands, and wilt not allow others to
come in their, stead. Tou stop all
surface machines, and go the
length to destroy the rollers, even
tinder our face. You restrict the
cylinder machine, and even dictate
the kind of pattern it is to print,
Tou refuse on urgent occasions to
work by candlelight, and even
compel our apprentices to do the
flame. Tou dismiss our overlook-
era when they dont suit you, and
force obnoxious servants Into our
This,  he claimed, was the day
when the craft organizations were
powerful. He pointed out that the
machinery of production was, however, different in this age, and that
the wprkers would have to conform
to the conditions, he stated, that the
day of the skilled mechanic is gone
by, and that the machines of production had levelled the workers
to the placo whero they had no
place for the craft divisions, and,
while realizing that the O. B. U,
wus not perfect, yet at least, it
was In the hands of the rank and
file, and It would remain there.
He concluded by stating that the
workers would be better off if they
gave more attention to the conditions under which they worked,
than they would by chasing a little
more money. This, he claimed,
tlie O. B. U. would enable the
workers to do, but was Impossible
In the craft form of organizations,
as the men who were In charge of
them did not understand what real
wages wore.
No Division Taken
A number of questions were
asked and answered by the speakers, and three of four others took
the platform for ten minutes, and
while no decision was taken on the
qpeslion as to which side had the
best of It, there was little doubt
that the audience was largely sympathetic to tlie new form of organization. This was perhaps best demonstrated whon George Hardy
mude a reference to one organization of all the workers, when for
several minutes, he could not continue because of the laughter and
applause, which was ironical,
which greeted this statement. A
collection was taken up, and the
chairman announced that if there
was any balance after paying the
expenses of the meeting, it would
be given to the defence fund. The
meeting was very orderly, and both
speakers were given a courteous
peterboro school teachers have
as a result of persistent agitation
secured Increases tn salaries of
$100 per year.
Our New
department. From the day we opened it, iin tremendous popularity listi
provon tbot nowhere rnn ths
KIDDIES be better clothed.   And fur
ire have ihe latest snnppy spring stllta
for Imsin'■■!■-s or plcannre; the smart
•IriiwiiT will meet with Ms desires at
the "NEW YORK."    While the
•re most enthusiastic about Fashion*!
latest ereations in OUB spring moileli
nf suits and dresses. EXCLUSIVE
DESIGNS not to be duplicated in tho
la ucflT at hand—purchase yonr Rpring
FLAN—and to secure your choice
Opposite Pmtan Oflot
PIMM fe* 1M1
AH Seven Men WiU
Face the Jury
(Continued on page 8)
one of the membors of the Social
ist Party uf Canada, and he Is referred to in their literature as a
"Top-notch speaker."
In March, 1917, he was a member
of Its executive committee; later its
secretary, and in April, 19IB, was
manager of the Western Clarion.
Pritchard objected that 1916 Is
outside the indictment.
Andrews continued quoting articles in Western Clarion announcing
meetings at which Pritchard was to
speak, as well as articles written
for it by him. Then we have the
evidence of Zaneth that Pritchard
is a membor of the Socialist Party,
and the speeches given by him at
the Calgary Conference. We flnd
him advertised in large type in the
Red Flag for February 1, 1919, as
a Socialist Party propaganda meeting speaker in the Royal theatre,
Vancouver. Then we flnd him one
of tho active members at the Calgary Conference. He mnde several
speeches there and got the highest
number of votes. ,He eventually
comes to Winnipeg, being one of
those telegraphed for the April 20
meeting. He was also nt the British
Columbia Federation of Labor Convention preceding the Western Lahor Conference. We lind him speaking in Victoria Park, Winnipeg. He-
porting on the Vancouver strike,
Andrews quoted from the Western
Labor News special strike editions
about Pritchard being billed as
speaker at other meetings. He also
spoke at the Labor Church meeting on June IB with Woodsworth
and A. E. Smith.
George Armstrong was the next
on the list. So far, Mr. Andrews
has failed to produce documentary
evidence that he was a delegate to
the Trades and Labor Council and
of the Socialist Party of Canada,
verbal evidence by Lovatt and
Percy being his only proof. He was
censor of the strike bulletin.
Andrews said Armstrong and
Pritchard spoke at strike meetings.
Armstrong also spoke at the
Walker and Majestic Theatro meetings so often referred to in evidence,
"Evidence of Lovatt, Percy and
Zaneth is thnt he's a Socialist," Andrews then said. He attended the
Oalgary conference, he took a very
prominent part on the strike committee and was actively connected
with'the Winnipeg strike.
John Queen was next on the Ust.
"He was advertizing manager of
the Western Labor News, while
both Percy and Lovatt testified
to Queen's activity on the press
committee," Andrews declared.
"We next flnd him presiding at a
meeting in the Walker theatre, announced as a meeting to protest
against autocracy. The Western
Labor News advertized this meeting as being under lhe auspices of
the Trades and Labur Council,
John  Queen   wus the  chairman."
Judge Metculfe: 'That still
doesn't show membership in the
Trades aud Labor Council. If
Queen waa not a, member of It, it
won't be so found."
Mr. Andrews: "There Is cvidenco
of both Percy and Lovatt that ho
was acting as a delegate. Jn the
Socialist bulletin of January, 1919,
distributed at tho Majestic theater
meeting, a report of the Winnipeg
Trades and Labor Council in which
John Queen speaks."
Metcalfe: "I saw. in one of these
papers that Dixon spoke. Is he a
member of the Trades and Labor
Council? He was given the floor.
I suppose It Is the ordinary way to
have those not members also speak.
I wouldn't flnd that he Is a member because he spoke."
Andrews: "1 find In the minutes
of the provincial executive committee of the One Big Union, that
among the list of speakers made
up to attend meetings are the
names of John Queen and W.
Queen denied that he was a
member of the press committee of
the strike committee, and that he
spoke for the Ono Big Union before thc strike.
Andrews: "Then thoro's the evidence of Mrs, Lipsett Skinner, ln
which ihe totd of & conversation
with Queen over the telephone."
Mr. Andrews referred to Alderman Qucen'i activities In the City
"We hove his speech in the City
Hal], wh*n he referred to the slaw
pacf .We ha ;. hts activities ln tbt.
Decks Are Cleared
For Final Action
(Continued from page 1)
of Canada were found in raided
homes. He was told that at least
five copies of each were taken In
as many different dwellings. He
also made inquiries about the report of thc Western Labor News,
and the strike bulletins.,
Of course, it would be improper
to forecast the judge's charges to
the jury, but the court official who
is to have the last word with the
Jurors, and from whom they must
receive their instructions as to the
law evidently Is keeping these facts
ln mind.
Trueman Defends Heaps
W. H. Trueman, K. C, well-
known constitutional lawyer,, who
delivered an address recently in
which he took Issue with Metcafo
on his charge in the Russell case,
entered the trial Tuesday us counsel for Alderman A. A, Heaps.
The Rev. William Ivens, another
of the accused,, who will address
the jury, spent much of Tuesday
afternoon and both sessions Wednesday, at battling for admission
of various articles published in the
Western Labor News, whioh he
edited from his first Issue long before the strike, and the Strike Bulletin, which he got out right up to
his arrest.
Tho crown lawyer, who swore
that they would be fair to the accused, read sentences to the jury
taken here and there from seized
Wants All Read
' They are doing these kind of
things all through the trial. Mr.
Ivens contended that these articles
In their entirety or other parts of
them should be written the material from which the defendants may
read. He put up a lengthy battle.
Judge Metcalfe himself, however,
black -pencilled the parts which he
will allow Ivens or others for the
defence to read,
Mr. Trueman declared that "if
parts of documents go in, then
other parts of other articles should
go in, and I think this should also
apply to the Western Labor News
and the Strike Bulletin."    -
"I have no hesitation in making
my thirty-seventh ruling that this
is not so," Judge Metcalfe replied.
"The crown has no right to simply select portions, and lf It does
so, then we have a right to have
thc rest read," Trueman answered.
Mr. Ivens said he would be perfectly satisfied If the crown would
put in all the papers and all the
documents, and let either i bWc
read what it desired.
This the crown, which constantly
declares it wants to be fair, refuses to do.
The judge supported this contention.
Various'court precedents, .hoary
with age, ahd quoted .by lawyerd
for either side, added much to the
City Council itself. You don'ttflnd
him active on tho food committee
during the strike. We don't: flnd
him there when we expect him,to
be there during the strike."
Justice Metcalfe: "Were you a
member of the Citizens' Committee,
Mr. Queen?"
Queen: "No, I'm like that witness, Sergt. Coppins, V.C; I'd be
ashamed to be."
Mr. Andrews: "The remark of
witness that Coppins had said In
tho box, appears in the official paper to which these accused subscribed, that Coppins said he'd be
ashamed of being membor. He
never said anything of the kind.
Your lordship knows that Is not
Your lordship is also familiar
with Queen's different votes and
speeches In the City Council," said
Metcalfe: "I don't think so; don't
bother with that."
"According to Lovatt. and Percy,
A. A. Heaps was delegate to the
Trades and Labor Council In 1918
and 1919," declared Andrews.
Hoaps disputed Andrews* remarks,
Thc crown prosecutor will continue
wilh Heaps* alleged record on Friday, and finish with that of Ivens.
is today's number of members of this society. Our
New Westminster branch
at 38 — 8th Street will
open Saturday, March 20.
South Hill and Port Moody
are next in line for branch
We don't pretend to be trying to compete with the
prices of any other stores.
Our capital Is small, hence
we are not attempting to
compete with the big and
long-standing firms. But If
our members remain loyal
purchasers we-will be al***
to return to them the profits
that otherwise go to the private trader.
The date for the first quarterly meeting will be announced next week.
Figs, reg. 10 pkg., 3 for 25c
Alberta Butter, lb.   «0«
Co-op Tea, No.  2    BS«'
"Tho   Best"   .....' «5o
Aunt Jemima Pancake
Flour, 4 lbs Mo
Eating Apples. Regular
$3.50   $2.bo
extra specials
Oolong Tea, per lb 75c
Society, Ltd. „
Central Store:
41 Pender Street Weat
Pbone Sej. tat
North Vancourer Branch
Ht. Orown Block, Fin* K> M.
PboM Ml
■ail Orden    TtettteUjeaiat
Has Visions of O.B.U. On
Its Death Bed In Western Canada
Organizer Farmilo, speaking at
the Vancouver (Int.) Trades and
Labor Council meeting on Thursday evening, informed the council that the O. B. U. movement was
coming to the end of Its tether and
from all observations was dying
a natural death because it was not
in line with working-class development. Referring to the western
district he stated that new A. F. of
L. locals were being formed and
others organized, citing one instance, the Retail Clerks of Fernie.
In District 18 of the U. M. W. of A.
the miners in tho lignite field were
completely organized by means of
the check-off system .of the U. M.
W, of A. and in the steam coal
field the locals were all being reorganized, Referring to the cities
of Edmonton, Calgary and Medicine Hat, he stated that there was
no activity there on the part of thc
O, B. U. except on the part of onc
or two Individuals.
A communication from the Edmonton Trades and Labor Council urging Trades Councils to recommend to the Winnipeg Defense
Committee that it turn over the
defense of the labor men to thc
Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council was filed. A communication
from the defonse committee of B.
C. Referring to the systematic
strike decisions rendered by Judge
Metcalfe was filed. Answering a
question by Delegate Hei-rlet of
the Barbers on the ruling of the
judge, Delegate McVety stated that
he had read the report of the ruling twico and could not find where
dreary proceedings of this week,
Evidence connecting the so-called "Citizens Committee," with any
unlawful activities during the
strike, has been ruled out repeatedly by Judge Metcalfe.
"I havo refused to let evidence
of this kind go in about fifty times
during this trial," he declared during cross-examination of .1. T. H.
Persee, western head of tho Cock-
shutt Plow Co., and one of the active spirits of the big anti-Labor
union organisation,, Thursday.
"I was a member of the original
committee of i.no hundred in
1918," Fersee art tinted.
"A. L. Crossin, manager of a
large mortgage company. Capt. W.
Robson nnd G. W. Jackson, manager of the Walter Wood Co., were
also members pf it."
"Were you particularly activo in
the Citizens Committee In 1919?"
Persee wns asked. Andrews, lawyer for the so-called Citizens Committee during the strike, objected,
Tht*.   'udgc sustained him.
"Did you or your Jlrm contribute
to the Citizens Committee in 1919?"
was the next question.
Judge Metcalfe suustalned Mr.
Andrews' objection.
Persee denied knowledge of a
million dollar fund to fifth* Labor
in 1919.
"Do you know if a fund of ono
million dollars was raised by the
Citizens Committee for the purpose of crushing the strikers," was
The judgo said he need not answer this question.
Persee said he knew H. AIrd of
the Grain Exchange.
"I don't know if W. ft McWil-
llams president of the Grain Exchange, was president of the Citizens Committee," he replied to another yuesUbn.
He admitted that employees of
thc General Hospital, of which he
was a director, did not leave their
work, thereby leaving the patients
helpless during the strike.
Still Refuses
"Did you see advertisements In
tlie newspapers purporting to have
boen put in them by the Citizens
Committee," was another question.
"1 have refused to let evidence
of that nature go in ahout fifty
times in this trial," Judge Metcalfe
declared with emphasis.
"I submit this is about the only
witness I've got ln the box who
wquld know anything about it," E.
J. McMurray, who was conducting
the examination, replied.
"It's drawing a herring across
the trail," the judgo declared, but
Mr. McMurray shot back, "No, its
merely -photographing the trail."
"1 think Its a deliberate attempt
of the defence to draw a herring
across the trail to confuse the issue," said Judge Metcalfe, who
closed the argument by declaring:
"I've made it so plain to you during the laBt four months that you
can't bring this In."
Efforts to settle the strike after
lt once begun, and any activities
of the so-callod "Citizens' Committee" would not he considered in this
trial, Judge Metcalfe again declared Friday afternoon, following
lengthy arguments by Mr. McMurray and Ward Hollands for thc defence, and Mr. Andrews for the
"We charge that another Institution created these riots, and we
ask the privilege of proving it,"
McMurray said. "We are charged
with the creation of violence, arid
in reply, we say we did not do it,
and that others did it."
"Wc say that an organization was
formed here, and that it precipitated this strike, and should be considered in this trial, We want to
show who were the authors of this
strike and the disturbances in Winnipeg.
Defence Protests
"If we try to show that others,
by newspaper advertisements, set
class against class, should that not
be considered?" Hollands asked.
"Surely If we show everything
we did to settle the strike, that
ought to be admitted in our favor.
"The court of appeal has already
dealt wtih this matter," Mr, Andrews replied.
"We are not supposed to tyring
an Indictment against the Citizens
Committee, or the newspapers—
that surely should be the duty of
our learned friend (Mr. Andrews),
and of those In charge of the administration of the laws of tho
oountry," Mr. McMurray answered.
Judje Metcalfe refused defend-
t. ***    ideation*
,   -.  *       *ivc orders to flre In
our i»rwi \ta\A each individual uses
his own )o4wn«*t" Inspector W.
J Porta, officer   In   eharg*   it ths
Price Doesn't Count in Our
Big Sacrifice Shoe Sale
Because we have to move our business into new premises and vacate
our old store we simply must reduce our stock enormously—it won't
fit into its new quarters.
Every pair of shoes we offer is taken from the well known stock of
the Wm. Dick Shoe Store, which we have taken over, and the high-
grade lines of Cornett Bros.
We are bound to lose on thc move anyway, so we're trying to unload with as
little loss as possible—onr shoes are
priced to clear quick—and they're do-
"S itl '    "
Every »non ffl our store is representative of thc highest quality footwear
made. If you think we are not offering
real values call in, look over our prices
and make your comparisons.
Specials for Saturday Buying
Extra Special—Men's $14 Shoes for $7
200 pairs of men's Goodyear welted
shoes in black and tan calf. Recede
medium and high toes, in sizes 8 to 11,
for $7.00
300 Pairs—Just Arrived
Ten cases, making 300 pairs in all, have
just arrived, containing men's flne
shoes. Built on the recede last, in Havana brown and black calf. In all
sizes, and 0, D and E widths j $15
values for $8.95
Men's Work Boots—$7.50 Value
for $4.85
260 pairs of men's black and tan work
boots, with calf bellows tongue and
good heavy slip soles. Regular $7.50
for $4.85
Broken Lines, $10 Values for $5.45
Men's shoes—120 pairs of them—fine
and medium weight—in button and lace
styles.   All sizes.   $10 valucs....$5.45
1    Begular $7.50 Boys' Shoes for
Only $4.45
Boys' tan or black calf boots. Smartly .
built on the new recede last, with rubber heels and leather sewed sole. Sold
regularly at $7.50.  Now :...f4.45
Boys' Special—Sizes 8 to 11%
Boys' strong and sturdy school boots,
in the famous Leckie and Ahrens
makes. Comfortable shoes for the
growing boy. Values up to $4.50
for ?2.05
Cornett Bros. & Clarke
J udge Metcalfe wus against the
usual sympathetic strike. The
Judge did differentiate! however,
between the ordinary sympathetic
strike and the revolutionary sympathetic strike and his ruling was
In reference to the latter. Inferring to the expenditure of defense
funds, Delegate McVety pointed
out thnt the sending of J. Kavanagh and his colleague to England with tho object of encouraging a sympathetic strike there for
the release of the convicted men
was a widening of the conspiracy.
He also pointed out that in spite
of the fact that tho Defense Committee denied that it was using the
funds for the furthering of the O.
It. U. movement thut the flrst meeting addressed by J. S. Woods-
worth—who was being supported
by the defence fund—since his arrival in Vancouver was an O. B.
U. organization meeting in New
Under the heading of reports of
Unions a resolution was adopted
from the International Association
of Machinists, drawing attention
to the fact that ex-Rev. E. B.
Flsh of Everett and Seattle, who is
publishing a paper that is being
circulated by Vancouver employers, advocating the open shop, is
not a member of the I. A. M. and
that his statements that he is are
Ed. note—The statement made
by J. H. McVety to tho effect that
J. Kavanagh, with his colleague,
had gone to England with the object of encouraging a sympathetic
strike there, for the release of the
convicted men, is without foundation In fact, and purely the imaginings of his own mind. The statement that J. S. Woodsworth addressed an O. B. U. meeting is true,
but thc inference implied by McVety that it was for organizing .the
O. B. U. is not correct, as he addressed the meeting in question,
and made an appeal for funds for
the defense, and that was his only
mission. Just as he hus addressed
the F. L. P. and B. P. of C. meeting here. Kavanagh uud his colleague have gone to the Old Land
in order that the workers of Great
Britain may bo fully acquainted
with the case of the mon in Winnipeg, and to secure their aid in
securing Justice. No sympathetic
strike has ever beon contemplated,
and It is to the political movement
of the Old Land that they are appealing. Letters from tho Old
Country published In nnother column, will show that the workers
In Great Britain arc already interested ln the case.
Government Has Gone
Mad Says Smillie
(Continued from page 1)
Where is your union button?
Mounted Police, who led the attack
on the crowd ou June 21st said
Judge Motcalfe disallowed tills
question, "Have the Mounted Police a right to use their own good
judgment when they shoot down
the citizens of Winnipeg?"
Bonnar Objects
Photographs of the alleged disorders during thc strike, put in us
exhibits during the evidence of
photographers .showed few so-
called "foreigners" in the crowds-.
'I have no hesitation ln finding
it was a vicious and villainous riot,"
Judge Metcalfe said Monday afternoon, to which R. A, Bonnar, K.
C, chief defence counsel replied:
I object to your lordship finding
that there was a riot at this state
of the game."
"The publlo of this city had better understand that when they
think they have as much right on
the atreet as policemen, then they
are very much mistaken, and any
remarks to the contrary is contempt of thl# court," Judge Metcalfe announced in closing the Incident,
The police to whom he referred,
were the "Specials," who wont on,
the stroet when the union police-,
men were dljmiiasuv
be almost powerless in assisting Labor In Canada to defend Itself, but
personally 1 feel that we ought to
do everything In our power to. assist you In" maintaining thc rights
whieh lt has taken generations to
I can not write you at great
length at present, but desire to express my deep sympathy with those
of my comrades who are suffering
for the most holy cause that men
could work for.
With kind regards, yours very
(Signed-    ROBT. SMILLIE.
Independent  Lahor Party
Sprlngburn Branch
A. A. Carlin, Secretary.
Glasgow, Scotland, Feb. 8, 1920.
The Secretary,
Labor Defence Committee
220 Bunnatyne Avenue,
Winnipeg, Canada.
Dear Comrade:
At a special meeting of thc above
branch, we considered your letter
and circulars regarding Bro. Russell's case and trial. Bro. Russell
Is well known to many members of
our branch, and the Labor movement in general In Glasgow, and
we express our Bympathy at the
unjust treatment which Is being
meted out our fellow workers In
Canada, because they demand a
bettor life for humanity, and tho
working class in general.
We intend to bring the matter
bofore the Trades and Labor Council and the British Labor Party.
Already I have sent information to
Neil McLean,  M. P., to have the
subject discussed In the House of
Commons.in London.
Wc Intend to do all in our power
to assist you in every way possible.
If possible let us have as much
information about further business
regarding the case.
With best wishes, your fraternally,
(Signed)    ANDREW CARLIN.
P. S.—Enclosed please flnd resolution from above branch.
Wc have placed this case and resolution before the Labor Party
all over Great Britain ln order thai
something may be done.'
The   resolution   is   as   followa;
"Resolved, that this meeting ol
the citizens of Sprlngburn formally enters Its protest against thtt
continued imprisonment of Comrade Russell and his fellow workers In Canada,
"We call upon the workers of
Ireland, England, Scotland and
Walos to use all the forces at their
command to compel their government to bring pressure with ths
Canadian government to release
our comrades  immediately."
Passed at branch meeting of I.
L. P., Springburn; at public meeting of I. L. P.; at local Labor
Party, Springburn. Others will
With best wishes for their release soon.
(Signed)    A. CARLIN.
Another Seattle local has had Us
chnrter taken away. This time it is
Local 40, Steam and Operating Engineers. They struck in opposition;
to the sanction of the head office.
hungry eat at toe
The "Clothes cost
of living" isn't sp
high if you get
good ones.
Stylish All-Wool Clothes
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street


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