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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Aug 15, 1924

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Pros and^ntis—
[A Series by B.C. Medical Assoeiationlf ft «jVe Humane Education and Anti-
Y',..: bisection Society, Vancouver,
fPHE opposition to vaccination as a
method of^prevontlng Binallpox is
based upon one of two things: either
ignorance of tho facts, or unfair prejudice, lt docs not seem, possiblo that
anyone studying tho proved facts with
regard lo vaccination could ever reach
but one conclusion, v.l'/.., that vaccination is one of tho most beneficial discoveries ever made, and that if it is
properly done, it is both harm leas to
lifo and health, and also an almost
eortain  protection  against smallpox.
In previous articles wo gave an outlino of tlio scientific principle underlying vaccination. Briefly, it Is this:
Vaccinating an individual we give him
attack of a mild, non-dangerous
form of smallpox; the blood overcomes this by producing anti-toxins.
Theso continue to be ' produced for
years. During this time, if the patient
is exposed to smallpox, and the germs
got into his blood, theso anti-toxins
destroy the germs, and prevent the
onset of smallpox.
Vaccination, ns everyone knows, was
first introduced by Jenner In England,
in the 18th century. Prior to that
time, a crude form of vaccination was
practiced in Turkey, whero. pus from
smallpox patients was used; this piis
had the germs of smallpox in weakened form. But it was a very dangerous method, as othor infections could
be carried. Later we will show that
this is impossible nowadays.
What has been tho history of vaccination, Before vaccination svnall-
pox was a fearful scourge. Bernoulli,
a distinguished mathematician, writing in 1760-1765, stated that smallpox
carried off tlio thirteenth or fourteenth part of each generation. It
was accepted as an established fact
that evorone would have smallpox
at some time of his life.
In Chester, England (populntlon-14-
713), in 1774, only 1,060 people had
not had smallpox when it became
epidemic  there.
Children were chiefly affected. Out
of 1202 peoplo attacked in Chester In
1774, 202 died, all children under 10
years of ago. In 1773 in Warrington,
211 deaths occurred in an epidemic,
all children undor 9.
One-third of all cases of blindness
was duo to smallpox.
In 1S40, England passod a law making vaccination compulsory. In 1838
the death-rate per 100,000 was 10G;
in 1840 it fell to 60; in 1841 to 47;
in 1843 to 17. In 1920, of a population of 37,600,000, the death rato was
0,1 per 100,000; or, in all, 30 deaths.
Tako riiodcrn times. In the Crimean
war the British lost thousands of men
from Smallpox; vaccination waa not
practised. In tho Franco-Prussian
war the French had 125,000' cases of
smallpox with 25,000 deaths. What
about the recont World War? Franco
had 12 east's, with one fatality, The
British army had 35 cases all told, In
four years of warfare. In 1911, the
Japanese, out of 1,000,000 soldiors,
fighting in a country where smallpox
was epidemic, I.e., constantly present,
had 362 cases with 35 deaths.
Smallpox hospitals in London, England, report that in 10 years not a
single member of their staffs contracted smallpox though constantly exposed. Here vaccination and re-vaccination are compulsory.
In Cuba, before American occupation, Havana   alone   had over 1000
deaths a year.    Between  1901   and
1917 there was one death In Havana
from smallpox.
In the Philippines, before Americnn
|' occupation, 40,000    people    died annually of smallpox.    There vaccination was instituted, and between 1907
and 1014, in Manila, there were no
aths;  in the rest of the Philippines
a few hundred yearly occurring in re-
■ mote   districts   which   could not be
[reached.   After 1914, vaccination was
: Improperly  carried  out or not car-
I ried out for some years.   As a result,:
I tho disense broke out again, and some
50,000   lives  were  lost,   amongst   the
i unvacclnated.    Recently lt has been
put again on a  'proper   basis and is
' properly dono, ind, to quoto tho report, "tho   islands are   again utmost
i free of smallpox."   The figures show
I that  93%  of tho    deaths    occurred
i among the unvaccinated.   m
One  could  continuo  indefinitely  to
k quoto figures, alt   as   spectacular   as
these.    But   to    come nearer home,
,' Vancouver has a good deal of small-
, pox yearly.   In 1923 of 180 cases reported, .only 17 had ever been vaccinatod, and none of theso less than
thirty yeara ago,    (Vaccination   protects for about ten years.)    In May,
1024, some   260   cases had been reported, of those 15 had been vaccinated, nono less than twenty years ago.
The opponents of vaccination base
• their objection on tho following statements:
1. Vaccination is not a preventive
to smallpox.
2. The reaBbn for the decline of
smallpox ls improved sanitation,
not vaccine.
3. Vaccination is dangerous to life;
if not to lifo, it cripples and
malms innocont children.
4. Vaccine is "filth" which is Inoculated into tho blood Btream.
5. Other diseases aro communicated, notably qyphltls and tuberculosis.
fl, Vaccination is urged by the
medical faculty to stimulate the
sale of vaccine, and tho propaganda Is earriod on by the manu-,
CMALLPOX is a filthy dlsease.lt is of
^ recent origin and appeared in England in the 17th century. It greatly
increased when the practico of inoculating with smallpox hoenmo.prevalent (seo Enclycopedia Brltannica) and
whon vaccination, ns instituted by Edward Jenner, tonic Its place, Inoculation was made a criminal offenco.
Jenner was an unqualified oountry
surgeon nnd apothecary who purchased the degree of M.D. from a Scotch
university for £15 and lator obtained
certain emoluments and a grant of
£30,000 from parliament for his so-
calle.d "discovery." As the well-
known English paper Truth remarks,
"how any roal scientist can accept his
theories to-day seems astounding."
In 1853 a*.cortipulsory vaccination
act was passed in England, which was
followed in 1857-59 by a severe epidemic of smallpox with 14,000 deaths.
From 1863-65 deaths were Increased
to 20,000 and in 1871-72 they reached,
44,800, although 98% of tho victims
were "protected." According tu the
Metropolitan Asylum board—giving
figures of the London area presumably
—there were 53,970 cases from 1870-
1886 and 44,919 of these had been protected by vaccination. After passing
the Public Health act In 1875, a noticeable decline in smallpox has taken
pluce; vaccination has also declined,
and John Burns, M.P., president local
government board in 1911 stated that
"in the precise proportion that vaccination has diminished In England
smallpox has diminished."
The Compulsory Vaccination act
was so severe in Prussia in 1834 and
nfter that vaccination, re-vaccination
and re-revacclnatlon were rigorously
enforced. In 1871-72 a severe epidemic occurred and 124,978 persons
died. Then came rigorous sanitation
and accomplished what vaccination
had failed to do. In the lato war, under favorable conditions, smallpox reappeared and claimed its victims in
The Philippines have long offorded
the "star turn" for tho vaccinationists.
In 1918 smallpox appeared and general
vaccination was ordered. Some 14,-
800,000 vaccinations wero performed
on some 9,000,000 persons, and ln
1918-1919 there were 112,549 cases of
smallpox with 60,855 deaths. Should
theso pooplo have had smallpox? In
1918 tho death rato In Manila Itself
rose to 65.3 per cent, hut after improved sanitation the death rate in
Manila in 1920 was considerably decreased.
Japan, one of the most vaccinated
countrios in the world, has the greatest smallpox fatalities (Prof. A. Russell Wallace, 1913).
Many medical men draw attention
to tho serious diseases resulting from
vaccination. Beforo the passing of
tho Compulsory Vncclnation act In
England, deaths from syphilis in children under one year did not exceed 380
annually, but the noxt year they increased to 591, and in 1883 reached
1813. As was stated before the Royal Commission on vaccination, "It
Is possible to convey syphilis."
Dr, Dennis Turnbull states that in
his opinion vaccination and re-vaccination are the most potent predisposing causes of cancer. The living cells
of the calf are introduced Into the
circulation of the human, multiplying
at the calf rate and producing those
conditions recognized as cancerous.
Cancer was practically unknown till
cow-pox vaccination was introduced.
The epidemics of foot-and-mouth
disease which swept the United States
in 1902 and 1908 were started by vaccine virus. (See records of Bureau
of Animal Industry, U.S.A.)
Professor A. Russell Wallace, England's greatest scientist, wrote in 1913,
of "protected" cases as showing "not
only the absolute useleBsncss, but the
serious dangor of vaccination—that
lt really increases smallpox—causes
death; and is, thereforo, n crime! . . "
And ngnin, "While powerless for good,
vnceinntion Is the certain cause of disease and death In many casos, and Is
thc probable causo of about 10,000
deaths annually.
Dr. Chna. Creighton, England's
greatest authority on opidormiology,
and tho author of the article in tho
Encyclopedia Brltannica (ninth edition) says, "Vaccination ls a grotesque
Adolph Vogt, professor sanitary
statistics, University of Borne, beforo
the British Royal Commission on Vaccination said, "After collecting tho
particulars of 400,000 cases of smallpox I am obliged to confess my belief in vaccination is absolutely destroyed."
Dr. W. R, Had won, one of the greatest "living authorities on smallpox,
says, "Tho most gigantic piece of
quackery evor oxploited among a civilized people."
While strict quarantine is a desirable precaution, and can bo enforced
in case of an outbreak, it must bo remembered that vaccination is not com-
(Contlnued on pago 3)
facturors for their own proflt.
7. The medical profession Ib divided
on  the subject.
They  have  somo   other objections,
that vaccine is taken  from diseased
calves, and so on, but tho abovo, we
believe, aro tho main ones.
(Article No. 2  will appear in duo
Have Your Name on the Civic
Voters' List
'7^ HE next municipal elections will be upon us again before we realize
*"^ the fact. Elections are won by the people whose names are on the
voters' list. No one should take it for granted that because his or her name
was on the list last year that he or she should not register again this year.
The Municipal act calls for a new list every year, and if names of electors
are not on the new list they cannot vote.
'Labor is out to win, and it can only succeed when every member does his
or her bit. Therefore, every one should register their names with the city or
municipal clerk.
Anyone owning property is entitled to vote for mayor, aldermen and
Anyone who is a bona fide tenant of a private house or an apartment
house is entitled to vote for mayor and aldermen, PROVIDED ALWAYS
At the present time, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., in the city
of Vancouver, at the city hall, in the city clerk's office, the new list for the
next election is being revised. Be SURE AND GET YOUR NAME ON
Similar conditions apply to South Vancouver, Point Grey, North Vancouver and Burnaby municipalities.
No matter where you reside you should  REGISTER YOUR  NAMES
NOW, and4hen you will be in a position to register your protest on election
Secretary Greater Vancouver Centra} Council of the Canadian Labor Party.
What a Roman Catholic Bishop
of Sydney, N.S.W., Thinks
of War
"Australian  Soldiers Were  Induced to Fight Under False
[By Francis Ahern]
AT Sydney, on Anzac day, the day.
of national mourning to commemorate the memory of the 6,000
Australian soldiers who died at Gallipoli, 1915, Bishop O'Farrell, of tho
Roman Catholic church, ripped aside
the mask of hypocrisy and spoke
fearlessly regarding what he called
the bitter and cynical tragedy of
"Tho Australian soldiers were induced to flght under false pretences",
said Dr. O'Farrell. They believed
they were going to flght In a just
cause. It Is well they did not live
to see their ideals, their hopes and
tho promises made to them, dashed
to pieces. The war to end war, to
turn swords Into sickles, to bury militarism and armaments and all the
horrid engines of war in a peace and
brotherhood that would knit all the
nations of the earth.
But to-day, years after tHe war
that was to end all war, we hear of
preparations being mado again for
war and destruction only on a far
more terrifying scale. "We And that
a peace has bcen made which has
provoked more bitterness than
'peace. The old causes for war aro
still at work.
The old selfish Interests, the old
competitive struggle for trade and
money and power and markets, still
go on. The war made huge profits
and enormous fortunes for those who
to-day nro the real rulera of the
Money is the world power of today. It Is soulless, It Is callous, Jt In
international; It has no country and
no patriotism. It is un-chrlstian and
inhuman; governments are helpless
boforo lt. Thc common people think
thoy rulo In democratic countries.
But they do not; neither do thoir
governments. They are all of thom
pawns ln tbo hands of high finance
which influences the press and the
policies of the governments and has
power to make peace or war. It
laughs at leagues of peace and
leagues  of nations alike,
Let tho shell-shock, shattered
wrecks of the war, let the enfeebled
and striokan men and women and
children—aftermath of the great
horror—left penniless—let the
maimed and the crippled soldiers
bogging alms ln tho streets to-day,
let tho thousands walking hungry
in the streets In tho quest of work,
lot all thoso and moro be the witnesses of the reward given by an ungrateful nation to her bravest sons.
Was It for all this that our brave
soldiers tiled? Happy bo those who
laid down heir lives on the battlefields that lt was not given to them
to return and soo their ideals and
hopes and promises mndo to them,
dashed to pieces.
Truths from Scotland's History—
The Celt Cleared from His
Father's Croft
Vitiiou Labor Pnrty
A branch  of tho B. C, Federated
Labor party will bo formod at Vernon  on  Saturday night.
How   People Were Disinherited
and Why .They .Emigrate to
Foreign Lands
TV7E have always been under the
impression that naturo haa* dealt
hardly with Scotland and given her
less than her share of natural wealth,
which accounted for the gradual depopulation. Since reading the following extracts from a speech dellverd
in the old land, we change our minds
somewhat, and decide that not nature
but the ruling classes aro responsible.
We might have known that such was
the case, for after all, the history of
one country Is more or less parallel
with that of the rest:
"We have many histories of Scotland, but these have mostly been
written for political purposes In order
to flatter the conceits of our aristocracy, and are usually comprised of the
gaily-colored pageantry of battle and
execution, and of political and ecclesiastical turmoil, but I know of no hiBtory of Scotland which deals with the
social conditions and the social wrongs
ofl the people; they will tell us of the
births and deaths of kings, annals of
court intrigue and international war,
but withhold from us the real facts
and narratives of moment, the loss
ot our ancient freedom and the
shameless methods by which a few
select families snatched the land, the
birthright of our fathers."
Speaking of the land system, we are
told that "previous to 1745, the clan
system of land tenure prevailed in the
highlands, under which tho ground
belonged not to the chief atone but to
th community. A clansman could not
be dispossessed of his holding by the
chief, and tbo conditions of living
wero pretty much the snmo for all
classes. Gradually, however, conditions In tho highlands wero changed.
The people wero disarmed, the power
of tho chief was broken, and much
land was conflscatotd. With tho disappearance of feudalism, the whole
community camo to regarfi everything
from a commercial standpoint."
The chiefs woro now ii> much tho
samo position as the English landlords, and thoy found that sheep-
farming was more profitable than
rents. "This ushers in to our notice
ono of the blackest periods of Scottish Industrial history, full of heartbreaking stories of cruelty nnd inhuman savagery and which hns produced the conditions existing at this
very day, when the descendants of so-
called Scottish nobility have barred us
with barred wire fences from 'the
bens find tho glens,' and havo ruthlessly swept aside the peasant to
mako room for the peasant. . . . Who
cannot fail to bo struck by tho sight
of grent tracks of flno, arable land
stretching all ovor Scotland, on which
you will wander for miles without
moeting n human being? Hero and
thore a shepherd's hut is tho only
sign of human habitation. I know a
glen now inhabited by two shepherds
and a gnmekoopor which nt ono time
sont forth to tho foray its thousand
fighting mon. And tbls In only ono nf
the many which might bo cited to
show bow tho highlands havo boon depopulated. Loyal, Intelligent nnd
peaccnblo peasants have boen hound-
Interesting;  Views  Brought Forward—Money and Religion
'   Play Their Parts
Many Teachers Ignorant of Psychology of Child's Mind-
Power and Authority
■THERE will be found much food
for thought for those interested in
the education of our rising generation, when they review the various
opinions that havo been voiced before the i-chool Survey commission
in this city recently.
Free education in tho grade
schools is quite right, says one, but
there should be fees for the high
schools. In other words you have
no right to an education beyond whnt
the public schools give, if your parents cannot afford to pay for lt. It
makes no difference about your ability or the success you have made
thus far ln your studies. If you
happen to bo the child of some unfortunate parents, you should be deprived of a high school education,
unless they can beg, borrow or steal
the necessary money to enable them
to meet the fees that might be required, lf the one referred to had his
way. We realize, only too well, that
mon'ey has already far too much
power and authority, and we are
going to flght more strenuously before
we are going- to give up the few privileges that we may now enjoy, whon
it comes to the matter of the education of our children. - The average
worker need have no qualms of con
science about allowing his children
(Continued on page 4)
ed from thoir native land to make
room for grouse, shoep and deer. Tho
extermination of the highlanderH hns
boen carried on as ruthlessly and systematically' as that of tbo North
American Indians. Who can withhold
Bympathy as wholo families have
turned to take a last look at the
heavens, rod with their burning
dwellings, ilry-oyod and absorbed in
despair, forced awny from all that
wns dear to them, and thoir patriotism
treated with contemptous mockery?"
Lecky, tbo historian, relates that
from a hill-top In Sutherlnndshlre, ho
counted oighty Area ln ono night, tolling of widespread misery and desolation, and all this, forsooth, because
Ills Grace of Sutherlnndshlre got
bigger routs from sheep farms than
crofts, and because His Grace of
Atholl must havo freedom on his august moors and solitude In his embattled keep. . . Nearly three million
acres of land have beon turned Into
solitudes, and tens of thousands of
families have been evicted to mako
them. And some of this land Is tho
finest pasture ln the country, whilo
tbo valleys would support a great population of small farmers.
Truly tho Celt ls being slowly and
silently cleared from lho croft of his
fathers, and soon no sound will be
hoard 1n tho smiling valleys but tho
craclt of the brewers' and soap-hollers'
rifle. Of theso gentry Carlylo hns
written: "II is noteworthy that tho
nobles of thla country havo maintained a quite despicable behavior
sinco tbo days of Wallace; a selfish,
ferocious, unprincipled, famishing sot
of hyenas from whom, at no time,
and lu no way, has tho country derived any good  whatevor."
As We See/It—
Concerning Education
■ [By Angus Maclnnis]'
put of the necessity of 'political
parties certain legislation may be
passed, or other matters of social import may be examined and inquired
into, when to do so would havo a tendency to lengthen the life of the
political party which happened- nt the
time to bo in control of tho powers of
thc government. It Is interesting, but
It Is a grave reflection on tho present
system of socfety when tho only reason
which will move governments to
right a social injustice—or to enquire
into tho working of thoso social institutions whose efficient or inefficient
functioning effect the whole of society
—Is political expediency.
As illustrations of tho abovo two
such incidents which happened in tbis
province may be referred to. At the
1922 session of tho provincial legislature an Eight-hour day bill was submitted, but voted down by the government. In 1923, such a bill was passed
by the same government.
For some years the British Columbia Teachers' association and the
British Columbia School Trusteed association have asked the government
to have a survey of., the oducational
system of tho province made by a
commission of experts on educational
matters. This request waB refused
not later than last fall, jvhen the legislature was in session.
The motivo which moved the government to act ln both instances was
not the commonweal, but the need of
the liberal party.
In commenting on this phase of the
matter, It Is not the intention to cast
any reflections on the commission
which Is conducting the survey. Wc
hope every facility will bo given them
for carrying out their work, and we
shall look forward with much Intorest
to thoir final report. But If the government's motivo for granting the
survey is so sordid, what hope does lt
give that should the commission suggests far-reaching and progressive
changes ln the educational system that they will be put Into effect?
However, the survey Is now in pro-
gross. To our mind, the flrst point
that should be takon up by tho commission Is: "What ls the purpose of
education?" This question should
be asked of every ono giving
evidence It seems unronsonable
that, this question should bo answered flrst, if an answer Ib
possiblo that would be satisfactory
to all tbo Investigators. Having answered that question to their own satisfaction, they would next proceed to
find out In what rspect doos tho present system of education fall to fulfil—lf it does fail—that purpose.
Tbo writer has questioned several
peoplo on this point; and the replies
wero not, na a rule, very definite; although, on one or two occasions, the
reply wns made that the purposo of
education was to enable ono to earn a
In our humble opinion this Is a
very narrow construction to place upon tho purpose of education. Regardless of how efficient a Bystem may be,
yet by having Buch a purpose for Its
primary basis, those receiving its
benefits, namely, that hy annexing
for their own use the csaontlal
things of life—even if more
than the essential things, the luxuries of modern society—they need
never, and most probably could
never,   be   classed  as  educated.
Education Is not a thing which may
be considered apart from thc other
phases of every-day life. It hns evolved and developed—ns our mode of
producton and exchange hus evolved
and developed—and tho incentive for
educational advancement, as we have
It to-day? was the needs of growing
Bofore  tho  advent  of  steam   as  n
motive forco In Industry, that Is, before tho Industrial revolution, which
followed tho discovery of steam ns a
motivo force, there wns,, very    little j
froo nnd compulsory education,   But |
wih the advent of stoam and machine j
production,  tho growth  of citltB,  it
became necessary in the interests of
tho employing class thnt the workers
should have a certain amount of oducation  to  mnko  thorn  more efficient
in Industry.
A new era wns opened up. Machine
production wns advancing by leaps
and bounds. Now countries were being opened up and developed, trade
and commerce was being rapdly extended, so that any person who had
the rudiment's of a general education
—reading, writing und arithmetic—or
ornftmnnshlp was quickly absorbed
Into Industry and commorco.
If thoro wns unomploymont—nnd
unemployment thom was—it effected the unskilled  workors only.
Under certain conditions such ns
thoso, a great Impetus was givon to
education and In most countries It wns
mado compulsory to a certain age.
The curriculum of schools, colleges
nnd universities became greatly enlarged. It wns a natural outcome of
capitalist production ob It functioned
In Its competitive stage.
Education was necessnry to tho expansion of Industrialism, and ns long
as an ever-increasing stream of profits flowed Into the coffers of tho captains of industry, trado and commerce and finance no serious objections were raised ngainst tho extension of .education,
' But a change has taken place In the
world of Industry. Other motive powors besides ateam have been discovered
and perfected. The machinery of production ls so far developed and perfected that It Is to a large extent automatic in its operation and so does not
require a skilled mechanic to operate
It. In modern industry, production
Is carried on on a large scale, but it
does not require a largo ataff of
skilled employees; and boys and
girls or young mon and young
women going into theso fnctoirlea and
shops, whore shoes, clothing and
machinery, etc., are produced need
not and will, not receive an extensive
knowledge of the processes, which the
raw materials must go through before
the finished article appears. In fact,
tlio acquiring of such knowledge or
skill ls discouraged by the heads of
auch establishments. AU that ls needed fs a fow highly trained technicians
whose duty is to supervise an army of
machine operators whose chief qualification Is speed and dexterity in tending the machines and keeping pace
with them. Thfs is, in a large measure, the case to-day and the tendency
fa more and more in that direction.
The aim la not workmanship but quantity production.
Thero is another effect of production, as carried on in thfs machine age,
that has a tremendous Influence on
those taking part in it. This phase
of the queatlon has received no consideration whatsoever; at least, none
that has come to the attention of the
writer, who has been attentive to
matters, dealing with the educational
problem. It has been stated modern
machine production requires no akll,
or at the most very Uttle, on the part
of those engaged in the process. That
is, in other words, it does not require,
or call for, very much mental effort.
We know that if the mental faculties
are not constantly exerted that they
will deteriorate and lose their power
of action In the same manner aa. our
physical parts if physical exercise Is
Now the machinery of production Is
privately, or more correctly, corpor-
alively-owned; and it has been shown
that education, or technical training:
on the part of tho producers, is not
essential to tho prosperity of the owners. I will now try to show that it la
not only not essential, it la not even
desirable. ,
Firat, it is not desirable because of
fts cost. A groat deal of noise ls
mado about tho over-incronsing cost
of education; while nothing is being
snid by tho same peoplo about the
ever-mounting expenditure on tho
military department of tbe state.
Property owners pay tho cost of civic
or state departments by means of
taxes. Taxes come out of the sum total of production. Tho higher the
taxes thc moro they cut into profits.
Industry is carried on for profit; and,
If education ceases to be a factor In
Increasing profits, it becomes nonessential to industry and, therefore,
It ia being said tftnt what Canada
needs most Is population; and every
effort ia being made by Interested
parties to bring immigrants into the
country. But there is no effort being
mnde to bring in highly-trained or
educated people. What they claim Is
needed Is "brawn not brains." In fact,
the less brains thc better; brains lead
to trouble. What is needed ls Illiterate peasanta, unskilled laborers; people who have heen inured to unceasing and degrading toil.
An idea of what sort of immigration is wanted may be had by quoting
from an article on "Immigration,"
which nppcarcd In MaoLcan'a Magazine, April 1st, 1922, by Sir Clifford
Sifton, K.C, MM., former minister of
the interior.   Nir Clifford says:
"When I speak of quality. ... I
think a stalwart peasant In a sheepskin cont, bom on tho soil, whoso
forefathers havo been farmers for
ton generations, with a stout wife
and a half dozen childron, is good
quality. A trndes union artisan,
who will not work more thnn ol^ht
hours a clay and will not work that
long if lie enn help It, will not work
on a farm at nil, nml has to be fed
by the public when work Is slack,
is, in my Judgment, quantity and
vory bnd Quantity, i am indifferent
as to whether or uot he Ir British'
born. It mattors not what bis nationality Is, such men aro not wanted
in Canada, and the moro of them wo
get  tho  more rouble  wo  shall   huvo.
"In Norwny, Sweden, Don murk,
Belgium, Bohemia, Hungary and
Gnllcla here are hundreds of thousands of hard-working peasants, mon
of the typo nbove described, farmers
for ten or fifteen generations, who
nro anxious io leave Europe and
start life undor bettor conditions In
a new country. Theso men nre workers. Thoy havo l**'ii bred for
generations to work from .Inylkrht
to durk, Ttay Iwvo never dono anything else and thoy novor expect to
do anything oIhc. OOmphnsls mlno).
Wo havo some hundreds of thous-
nnds or tbem In Canada now und
fhey aro among our most useful nnd
productive   pooplo."
Now let overy froo-born British
workman and "native son" throw out
his chest,
Thoro Is another reason why etn-
omployors, property owners, nnd cap*
talns of finance aro opposed to free
nnd compulsory eclucalon, nt least beyond thnt which may be had nt tho
public school. Tho vnst mnjority of
tbe world's population are nlwnys on
tho verge of destitution. TJnom-
(Contlnued on page 4) PAGE TWO
sixteenth year. No. 33 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vanoouver, ac.
FRIDAY August 15, 19.24
British Columbia Federationist
Published overy Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Bniinem and Editorial Offi.ee,  1129 Hnwt> 8t.
Tlio policy o( Tlio B. C. Federation ist is
fontroll.'d by tho editorial board of tlio Fed'
grated Lfllmr Pnrty of British Columbia.
.ubscription Kato: United Statos and Foreign, $H.UO per year; Canada, $2.50 pe
year, $150 tor six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c por member per
mon Hi.
FRIDAY Auguat 15, 1924
rdoOB seem rather odd, to think
that a man who has always considered himself so cnpnblo and trustworthy—in Win own oyes—should be
wandering: about as a lost child today, looking for a resting pluce. One
would think that thoro wcro no others
in British Columbia who would be
able and qualified to assume olllce as
premier. Wo think that thore are
lots of such men—and women ror
that matter—among ub. If it were a
very arduous task, it might be different; but when, In such instancea,
their duty is, as a rule, well marked
out for them by tho "big Interests,1
there is little loft for them to do
that requires any outstanding ability
on thoir part.
We understand that Mr. Oliver was
not anxious to tako ovor the reins of
government nfter the last election If
he did not have a large working majority. It would appear now that he
has changed his mind very materially.
We wonder why, an.d we feel that we
are not to be blamed for wondering.
We see, too, that on several occasions the governmont press points out
that Labor will be on their side. Such
rubbish! If there is one thing more
than another that our labor represen
tatlves could do to disorganize the
forces that placed them where they
are today, it would 'be to support a
liberal government. Fortunately.
however, we feel that we need bave
no fear of such a catastrophe, fvr, in
the men we have chosen to represent
us, we feel that we can repose our
absolute trust and confidence.
No, our liberal friends will have to
look elsewhere for assistance. Labor
has been fooled long enough. Her
eyes have been opened at last. She
is through with any of the old line
parties, once and for all, we hope.
No doubt, members of he old ieac-
tlonary political parties will try and
worm their way into the councils of
the Labor party and disrupt It, lf pos
sible. We will, at loast, try to bo on
our guard.
THERE appeared In our daily press
recently a report to the effect that
there was a possibility that the British
government would offer capital to
finance the above sottlers in Canada,
We are frankly very much interested
ln the Idea. Certainly something of
that nature must soon be attempted
lf an effective means ls to be found
to cope with the serious conditions
due to over-population in Britain.
When we read the report, however, we could see in our mind's eye
a great number of our flnanclal parasites gloating over what might appear
to them to be an excelledt opportunity
to gather In from many of these unsuspecting creatures thousands of dollars of easy money for .themselves.
Manufacturers' agents would see in
this movement an excellent opportunity for them to sell some of their
good-for-nothing wares at exorbitant
Should these people be brought out
here as is apparently contemplated,
we hope that the governments on both
sides of the water will see to it that
these pooplo aro protected from such
creatures as wo havo mentioned. We
want to boo, too, that they aro not
going to be so ovor-burdonod with a
debt. In tho Torm of rents and Interest, that there will never be a chance
for them, ovon boforo thoy start.
Thoro Ib nothing that these parasites
will not do to gain a livelihood at the
expense of their fellowmen. Lot us,
In this Instance at lenst, bo awnko to
the possibilities of such a crimo boing
perpetrated upon theso unsuspecting
people, The workors of this country
have boon exploited sufficiently to
make up for anything that these
oh ers might be spared.
If our government In Canada Is
sincere It will see to It that these
people, If they oome, uro guaranteed
an honest return for the labor they
givo and that thoy are not loft to
starve In a land of plenty, such as
Canada is today—though many of us
see but littlo of tho good thiugs sho
can and does produce.
WE UNDERSTAND that tho mayor
is to attend the dominion conference respecting the unemployed. No
doubt he will be as effective as anyone ln his position, and he will go
well armed with statistics and important details. Nevertheless, if we had
our way, we would not Bond the
mayor, for though ho may havo evory
Bympathy with tho unemployed, It Is
well-nigh Impossible for a man ln his
shoes to understand; and, understanding, to fight for the cause of the
Only tho unemployed themselves
are capable of stating their caso.
Such representatives might not have
a string of figures and cold facts at
thoir disposal, but they would have
the eloquence of truth. Unemployment would not be merely an idea,
it would be reality—the reality of
dread and uncertainty and hunger
and suffering. These facts should
make an appeal, but we have tound
by past experience how stony-hearted
tbe government can be. It has often
been impossiblo for labor representatives to get a word In edgeways when
dealing with so unpalatable a subject
as  unemployment.
Tho conferenco will be held, and
there will bo much talk; but we cannot hope for anything to be done. It
is Impossible to rcmody tho situation,
which is tho outcome of international
politics and thc high-pressure world
production. Tbo only remedy Is tt.
exchnnge tho present system for one
which will not harbor useless vrnra-
sttes nor deprive those who produce
the wealth of their just rights.
THE power had boon off for about
halt'-un-hour, and there seemed
no prospect of getting into the city
at the usual lime. There was a little
group of people at every car-stop and,
no doubt, thoy wero all thinking, "We
shall be late." Not perhaps with that
uncomfortable fooling we felt as children anticipating the punishment foi*
being late, but a kindred feeling.
And meanwhile automobiles whizzed
by. We amused ourselves with wondering who would take pity on om
unfortunate plight and give us a lift
down town. But the cars passod on,
and we were left waiting for the next
and hoping that the driver might be
kindly-disposed. But no such luck.
We wondered why! It was not that
we exactly belonged to the army of
the "great unwashed" (at the moment), nor were we the sort that
might be arrested on suspicion of
being hungry. And it surely was not
because the men were shy. For they
never even offered the men who
waited a lift.
No, it. was just mere thoughtlessness or selfishness. Those who had
could not possibly think of those who
had not. It is the way of the world.
For generations we have been taught
to think in terms of "mine" and
"thine," and it will be long before
mankind can speak and act In terms
of "ours." Perhaps our auto-riders
will tell us it is a case of sour grapes
with us, and that we would do just the
same in their case. Very poaslbly,
for tho system makes us all more or
less selfish. Just when we had decided that, the street-car struggled
slowly up the hill. The power had
come on and we forgot all about the
other fellow and his car and his selfishness—until the next time.
ARE we to be blamed if we allow
a sarcastic smile to flit across our
faces when we read about the little
childish squabble that has been going
on these past few days In the city
council regarding who was to represent the city at the conference to be
held at Ottawa to deal with the unemployment situation ln Canada.
Because he is a large employer of
labor, Aid. Worthtngton feels, apparently, that he ls quite qualified to discuss the problem of unemployment.
In our humble judgment, we are inclined to think that this qualification
might be ono that renders him quite
unfit to sit at such a conference. The
average large employer of labor has
about as much knowledge regarding
the economic causes of unemployment
and the remedy for these, as Andy
Gump has about bait for fishing.
Tho only viewpoint that will be allowed to dominate that conference
will he the employers' viewpoint, and
nono elso. Thero have been conferences regarding this important and
vory vital problem many, many times,
and the result has always been the
samo. Nover has anything worthwhile  beon  accomplished.
If tho conference would consult
Mr. J. S. Woodsworth or Mr. Irvine,
the labor representatives ln tho fedoral house, thoy would receive moro
helpful and reasonable suggestions
than they will receive elsewhere.
These men know. They havo made
It thoir religion to study this vital
problem. The omployers have made
it their business only, and their businoss Interestn alone; hot human, nor
humane Intereats, have received their
consideration. It has always bcen
so, and wilt continue to be so until
the workers awaken to the gravo re-
sponslbllites that they themsolves
must assume, before this all-important
question is dealt with as it ought to
bo, in the light of human noeds—not
omployers' profits. Until that Ib done
all so-called solutions are but myths.
profitable, extremely so, to the big
manufacturer of munitions, to the
food magnates, and to the dealers' in
all the thousand and one things concerned In the'business of wholesale
murder. It ia profitable for the wholo
capitalist class; it does pay them.
Otherwiso there would be no war.
They have wars ln order to grab
land or Influence or raw materials or
trnde markets. And when a war is
over they are able to reward themselves by taking under their control,
under their kindly protection, the
various little countries involved—fo/
he furtherance of big businoss. Not
in the intorest of the natives. 'Chat
cannot bo. When we see how the
workers are treated at homo, we cannot credit thc capitalist with any altruistic feelings in regard to mere
War pays the capitalists. But it
docs no pay tho workers. They never
gain anything—except wisdom. The>
loarn that they have fought for a
will o' the wisp; they realize that tho
workers of every country Involved
lose lifo and limb and gain nothing,
save the abominable charity known as
pensions and the miseries of unemployment.
We nro told also that "crime never
pays." War is a crime—one of the
deadliest, and it pays. So do other
crimes. The fruits of labor which the
capitalists enjoy nre the payment for
a crime^the crime of robbery and
oppression and exploitation.
And these crimes will go on foi
ever under capitalism. They are part
and parcel of the system. When will
the workers wake up to these facts?
It would seem that misery and degradation and poverty blind us to the
only   possible   way.
Psychology Simplified—The Nature of Our Emotions and
A CERTAIN "great writer" tells us
that war does not pay. If the
gentleman's function were to tell the
truth, we should feel Inclined to act
on Impulse and call him a "fathead,"
to use the good old English epithet.
But his uso in the world is to please
lhe public; to give lt half truths and
divert Its attention from real facta
Into perfectly safe and eane channels.
If war does not pay, we would like
to ask what does pay? War is one
of the most profitable games in existence, ln spite of the faot that it deals
primarily In  blood and tears.    It ls
Individual Passion for Socialism
Comes from Infant Rebellion
Against Tyranny
[By Psychologist]
fXF ALL the sciences, perhaps the
^ most fascinating is that of psychology, the science of the mind. And
it is quite as Important as any of the
older sciences, A knowledge of the
fundamentals of psychology is bound
to have far-reaching effects on a person's attitude to life, Religion may
do much to modify one's ideas of life,
but Its charity Is blind and unreasoning to some extent. But an understanding of the workings of the mind
generally makes for sympathetic and
broadmlnded tolerance which cannot
condemn because lt can reason and
trace alt effects and results back to
the causes.
It has been mentioned before, that
man's mental development is conditioned by certain powers inherent
in his constitution. Such development has its starting place in, and
goes forward under the Influence of,
inherited and very strong tendencies
to feel and act ln particular ways
under particular circumstances. These
tendencies constitute what are commonly called "emotions" and "Instincts."
Instinct, generally speaking, is the
inherited ability to act ln a certain
way in certain situations without previous learning or experience. For instance, lt Is Instinctive for a butterfly
to lay her oggs upon, a particular kind
of plant; lt is Instinctive for a pair
of young robins to build their nest in
a certain way. The flrst phase of an
Instinctive action is always the experiencing, by the animal ln question,
of specific stimuli, nnd the final stage
Is always tho performance of an action or series of actions. But ln order
that the final stage may be reached,
there must exist In tho nervous system of tho animal such an Inherited
orgnnization of nerve elements that
nerve currents may paBs easily to the
particular executing organs. The
creature must possess "systems of
bruin paths" which have fieon handed
down to lt from its ancestors.
The stntetment that instinctive acts
can be dono without previous experience, and because of the arrangement
of the brain-cells and neurons, doer
not mean that nil instinctive actB can
be done at flrst. Many Instincts do
not ripen, especially in the limber
animals, until some time after birth,
und somo aro not active until adult
life. And, of course, Instinctive acts
can be Improved upon with experience.
Emotions are particular excitements
of feeling under certain circumstances
accompanied 'by organic sensation and
the setting free of a large amount of
nervous energy. The number of
emotional and Instinctive tendencies
shown by man ls very variously estimated by different writers. The more
Important of these may be described.
One of the greatest Ib the emotion of
fear with Its allied instincts. This
very powerful primitive emotion is
implanted ln man, as ln the lower animals, for the purpose of protecting
the Individual from possible danger.
In children, fear can be aroused by
strange faces, strange noises, animals
and anything which seems to them to
bo mysterious. And apart from fear
of physical things, fear can be excited
by "ideas," Early fears often become
the subjocts of suppressed, unconscious memories which may lead to
nervous troubles In later life.
Fear plays a big part in our lives.
Parents make use of It whon they
threaten punishment; the school
similarly   makes   use of It, and the
Sex   Hygiene in   Schools—How
One Institution Tackles
the Problem
Discussions About Social Problems Arising- Out of Sex
and Marriages
["Just Thinking"]
T AST week wo contradicted the
Idea that bible toaching and
definite instruction in sex-hygiene
can havo the same results, or indeed
thnt thero Is any point of contuct.
This week, It is necessary to give
some of the opinions hold by those
best qualified lo say what we shnll
havo tho children taught and how
they shall bo taught. And, in the
first place, it is interesting to start
out with a brief survey of existing
conditions. As we pointed out Inst
week,..sex Is regarded by many people as something essentially sinful
and something to be kept secret.
According to Carpenter, the children have to pick up their knowledge
in the gutter. Whether this is an
exaggeration or not it is for the individual to dclde,: but thero can be
no question of the fact, that children
are left In the majority of cases to
pick up their information haphazard.
Consequently their ideas on sex become distorted. To quote the New
Era,: "The now psychology has
shown us how fundamental to his
whole life Is a person's attitude to
sex, and how many of the broken
and wasted lives around us are due
to a maladjustment in the sex life of
the individual. We must remember
that our unconscious attitude is as
important as the conscious attitude.
Buried deep down out of reach of
the conscious lies the cause which
renders us the repressed and ineffectual little people that some of
us are."
Educationalists own all this, but
few children get the beneflt of their
theories. We are all familiar with
the type of parent and teacher like
the Scotch school-master who was
shocked beyond measure. He took
charge of a school where the children kept pet rabbits, and when these
started to breed he decided to dispense with one sex. He was frightened that the children might ask
questions. And when his own little
baby came into the world he was
terribly embarrassed and "took on a
very red face" next day.
Can we wonder at the children's
However it Is cheering to know
that there are some men and women
who can face the question squarely
and discuss it frankly. This is what
the) headmaster at Bedales school
(a co-educational Institution), Hants,
England, Bays:
"The worst way of dealing with
the question of Bex is that of silence
and of late years we have come to
realize the dangers Involved in he
repression of natural instincts such
as that of curiosity. The matter
must not be left to chance; we must
ensure that the knowledge given Is
both true and clean from the flrst.
If this be granted, it is plain that
It is a matter for the home first.
I have always held that the mother
Is the source from which the first
-Information must 'come. If the
riormal bond exhrts between her
and the child, it Ib to her that the
'flrst questions will b\ put ... If
there is no such home association,
the task of the school Is rendered
more difficult. ... In the school we
Sidelights on a Great
church and public opinion and the
law are not behindhand. And sometimes the appeal to fear is effective
(especially in the undeveloped). And
very often lt is quite ineffective, hence
the presence of the rebels in the
world. According to one psychologist, the individual passion for socialism comes from infant fear of
and rebellion against the father, or
some other person who happens to
be a tyrant.
(To bo continued.)
Costly Industrial Machinery Will
Enable Filling of Outstanding
DECENTLY an official representing
the Dominion Government came
to British Columbia with an order in
his pocket for 125 pieces of squared
timber of unique strength and record'
dimension, to fill an extraordinary engineering specification.
To give some idea of the size of
these timbers the total board measurement of tho 125 pieces approaches
one million feet. They must also be
without defect.
A search of their limits for trees
to produco these hugh sticks will be
made by prominent B. C. logging
firms, and there is no doubt but that
the "goods" will bo found, and delivered.
The incident illustrates the wonderful quality of British Columbia's
timber stand, ^nly the Douglas fir
area of the Pacific Coast could fill an
order for timbers of such strength,
size and soundness.
Costly Equipment
At the same time, only the costly
modern equipment Installed by the
loggers will enable the logs for this
order to be yarded and transported
from the woods, and only the up-to-
the minute machinery of the manufacturer will permit their sawing and
squaring of the required dimension.
Millions upon millions of dollars
have been sunk In the equipment
necesary to handle the harvesting of
B, C.'s timber crop, and millions more
in the machinery for its conversion
into-finished timber. But for this industrial investment, not only the official from Ottawa, but the buyers of
the world, would ask in vain for the
delivery of the big timbers from British Columbia's forests.
This series' of  articles  communicated   by   tlio  Timber   Industries
Council of British Columbia.
have to give sex-knowledge a place
in the complex mass of knowledge
that children possess and make use
of at any given stage of growth; not
to let it remain a special, and in their
minds, a disreputable subject, but ono
to be treated 'openly and of scientific,' rather than merely personal and
emotional   interest. . . .
"At school, .as I have said, two
different! things are required—flrst,
the personal talk to make sure that
there is sufficient knowledge and r
wholesome attitude, with which to
carry on life ln a community necess
arlly less sheltered than that of the
home, so that none may go astray
through mere Ignorance or lack o'
help; and second, the definite teaching that shall put the subject on the
same level as other scientific knowledge."
Mr. Bradley then goes on to tell
how the boys had lessons In anatomy
including reproduction, with a man
teacher and the girls with a woman
teacher, in connection with their
Swedish  gymnastics.
"At the Bame time," he continues,
"we talked with them alone about
sex matters. But some years ago,
a group of the older boys and girls,
talking with me about the principles
and traditions of the school and in
particular about the relations between
the boys and girls, said that some of
them felt that this seperato teaching
ln one subject caused a certain self-
consciousness, and set up a barriei
which they believed to be needless;
It would make things simpler, they
felt, If it were put on the same footing as the rest and taught to both
together, so that there would be
nothing to  be  self-conscious  about.
Tbe head master felt that this was
aa genuine expression of the children's Ideas and He determined to
give them a trial.   Joint classes of
at the Government.
You get the Perfection
of Satisfaction in every
bottle of "Cascade."
This advertisement is not published or displayed by ths J
Liquor Control Board or by thc Government of British      ' £
Columbia. <■>..<
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
'THERE are many who will favor this dainty model
■I of fancy cotton crepe in bird or floral pattern;
a slip-over style, hemstitched at neck and sleeves and
with shirring across front. Colors of pink, mauve,
blub, yellow or white at $1,95. '
Nightgowns of fine quality mull, in pink, blue,
mauve or peach, some with sleeves and..somo without sleeves, some trimmed with narrow lace and
medallions and others with touches of hand embroidery, at $2.95:
Mull Nightgowns in Empire effect, trimmed .with
hemstitching and narrow lace edging; mauve or
flesh, at $3.95.
Very attractive peaeh colored voile Nightgowns,.
trimmed with net and touches of hand embroidery,
others in pink with hemstitching and lace edging,
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Fancy Voile Nightgowns, in peach, blue or flesh are
also priced at $4.95.
—Drysdalo's Lingerie Shop, Second Floor.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymonr 3540
children above the age of 14 were
taken by himself, about a dozen at
once, and the children were at liberty to ask questions and discuss
things freely. The experiment was
successful and has been continued
ever since then. Of course, attendance at the classes ls purely optional; since some of the children are
shy and others prefer to have the
seperate talk. The head master
"We begin by discussing the different ways or reproduction, those
that do not involve sex and those
that do, und go on to the various
methods of fertilization, aB seen in
plants, in the lower animals and ln
birds and mammals. We then turn
to the study In detail of the reproductive organs and their functions
and finally trace the growth of the
new life from conception through
tho embryonic stage and during the
whole period of gestation to birth.
. . . I need hardly say that, if these
lessons and discussions are to be
taken in the right way, there must
be on the part of whoever speaks ot
these things, no attempt to deal with
them by hints and half expressions,
nor by any appearance of hositntion
or fear, or air of doing something
risky and out of the way, but only
an obvious Intention of telling the
truth. These classes have led. with
the older boys and girls to further
discussions about social problems
arising out of sex and marriage, and
although there are aspects that need
not trouble children, they should have
some knowledge of their meaning."
(To be continued).
Anti-War Day, 1924
Phont Seymoar 2854
Pasa The Federatloniat along and
help get new subscribe™.
'Famous' 10-Day Sale of
Entire Summer Stoek
JOW'fl yonr chancel tvtry ■am*
" mer garment la the store at clear-
•au pricei—beautiful ntlne ud voile
dresses, eports wear, summer coats,
suite, skirts—extraordinary savings oa
Famous .SSSf&a.
«1M_S ButUifl Stmt Wm«
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
.01-408 __.teop.Mu B-tl-IHf
197 Hutlni. St. W. VAHOOUVEB. B. 0.
T_l.p_0Mi: Seymour 6688 ud 8687
HAVE you ever had a real drink
of Pure Apple Older during the
lut ten years?
To meet the deilre. of mtny elleote,
we hive introduced recently . pore deer
■pirkling apple older io plot bottle.,
either pure .weet or goYernment regale*
tion 2% herd apple elder. Theie drink,
ere absolutely puro and free from all
eaebonio add ss* or preserratlTea of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 80.
Older Manufacturers
1965 Commercial Drive, Vt&conw, B. 0.
SAVING daylight ii a big topte at thla
time of the year. Everyone endeavors
to make the most of the daylight hours.
In these modern times, life eaoh day ll
fuller, and eaeh hoar must mean far
more than It did yesterday.
There la no better aid to daylight saving thaa the telephone. Nothing eaa help
you more to make eaeh successive hoar of
greater value.
Whether yoa telephone one mile or oae
hundred miles it ls all the same to tke
telephone. The telephone saves yoa kean.
It lengthens yoar day, giving yoa time
for many things.
Sunday services, 11 a.m. tad 7180 p.m.    ,
Bunday    school    Immediately    following
morning service.   Wednesday testimonial
meeting,   8   p.m.     Fre*   reading   room,
001-908 Birks Bldg.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
rvm UNION BANK OF CANADA, with "Its chain
.*■ of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
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Established 50 Years
To Secretaries and
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' When Wanting Printing of any kind
. We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey. 7431 ind Sty. 4490
1129 HOWE ST. VANCOUVER, B. C. FRIDAY August 15, 1924
Tabloid Issued by United States
. Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Factories and Workshops.—The
chief inspector of factories and
workshops, in a. published report of
the work of his department during
the year 1923, statos that tho number
of registered factories in Great Britain has incresased from 137,858, in
1922, to 139,920 in 1923, an incresase
of ovor 2,000.. During the same
period, workshops declined from
145,684 to 140,850.
Gonna ny
Increase in Textllo Wages.—Tariff
wages in the German textilo industry
in May, 1924, increased by 3.0 per
cent among male workers, and bj
6.0 per cont among female workers,
as compared with April, 1924.
Miners' Strike Sottled.—Owners
and miners, in conference on June
9, 1924, reached an agreement
whereby mine workers recoived
140 per cent wage increase for last
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
Early Closing Disastrous to Small
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
would like to draw to your attention,
and that of your readers, ono of the
main causes underlying presont business conditions—-more particularly as these affect those engaged in
the retail business in a small way
This ls tho Early Closing, which is
now compulsory by by-law. Men's
wear stores suffer perhaps moro in
tensely than some other lines of retail business by reason of this early
closing, which.in practice is proving
something in tho nature of a disaster to these smaller stores. Since
closing these stores at 6 o'clock p.m.
there has been a gradual falling off
in business, because men cannot
leave their work to shop; many of
these men who formerly traded with
the small store, dealing only in men's
wear, now having their women folk
do   their    trading.   Naturally,    Per-
The Curse of the Worker's Life
haps, the women go to the depart
April'; 151i per cont for May; 160 percental^ores, and.^.^P^^hy
cent for. June; and    170    per    cent
from July 12, 1924. Work was resumed on June 12, 1924.
Shipyard Workers. — Contending
that the reductions ln wages made
during the past two or three years
have not been followed by corresponding declines in the cost of living, the workera in the shipyards
have continued to press for increased wages,
Unemployment.—Unemployment in
Norway shows a continual decrease,
being about sixteen per cent less, at
this time, than it was a year ago.
Industrial   Commission    Proposed.
—A bill creating a commission to investigate the condlions of    labor    ln
Paraguay   is   reported to be before
the Chamber of Deputies.   The pro
posed legislation calls for a study of
contract labor and the existing sanitary conditions ln the factories and
yer baled.
"English Week" for Transport
Workers.-—Tho official mixed pom-
mission of labor and commerce of
Barcelona, in a meeting on June 5,
1924, unanimously approved the
"English week" of forty-eight hours
maximum, and Saturday afternoons
free, for the transport workors' sec-
ton, including port workers, customs
and commission agents.
Unemployment Decreased.—Owing
to the general decrease of unemployment in Switzerland, state assistance
in many localities is no longer necessary and it Is believed that in the
near future the federal decree, sup*
preesing governmental aid to certain
unemployed classes, can be Indiscriminately applied all over the district.
The Federationist
"cultural revolution,"
believes    In
not a "bloody
Try your neighbor for a subscription.
Vancouver Unions
MMta leeond Monday ia the month.    Pntldent, J. R. White; secretary, B. H. Neel-
>ndl. P. O. Box 68.	
" 819 Pender St. Wnet—Buiineu meeting!
every Wedneidiy evening. A. Ueelnnu,
ehftirmsn; E. H. Morriion, iec.-trcu.; Oeo.
D. Hurlaon, 1182 Parker Street, VenceoTer,
B. O., correipondlnj lecreUnr.
Any dlitrlet ln Brltlih ColunbU dealrlof
lnformstlen re Hearing ipetken or the formation of local branohei, kindly oommanlest*
with provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
894 Blrki Bldg., Vancouver, B. O, Tet**
phone Seymonr 1888, or Falnnont 4988.
aecond Thunday every month In Holdon
Building.    Preildent, J. Brlghtwell; financial
iecretary, H. A. Bowron, 020—llth Avenue
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilder! and Help-
era ot America, Local 194—Meetisgi tel
snd third Mondayi in each month in Holden
> Building. Preaident, P. Willis; iecretary, A.
Fraier.   Offlce hoan, 0 to 11 sou. snd 8 to 6
, pjn.
. OIVIO   EMPLOYEES   UNION—Meiti   fint
and third Fridays In eseh month, at 448
A Bleharda Street.    Preildent, David CuthiU,
2862 Albert Street; aeeretarytreeanrer, Geo.
Hsrriion, 1182 Parker Street.
of   Steam and   Operstlng,  Local   682—
' Meeta every Wedneiday at  8 p.m„  Room
808 Holden Bldg.   Preaident, Oharlei Priee;
builneia agent and flnanelal aeeretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary; J. T. Venn.
UNION, Local 146, A. F. of M.—Meeta in
G.W.V.A, Auditorium, 001 Dunamulr Street,
second Sunday at 10 a.m. Preaident, Harry
Pesnon, 001 Nelson Street; aeeretary, E. A.
Jamleson, 001 Nelson Street; financial aeeretary, W. E. Williams, 001 Nelaon Street-
organiser, F, Fletcher, 001 Nelaon Street.
the latter are steadily expanding
and adding to their floor space while
even old-fashioned men's wear stores
are being forced to the wall, Within
recent weeks two old-established
houses—one of them catering to
men's needs Jn the city for thirty-
flve years—have had to relinquish
the struggle, and this is undoubtedly due, in large measure to the inroads made by the departmental
The six o'clock closing ls a boom
to departmental stores, for the reasons given. I believe business is
good In Vancouver, only lt is being
forced too much into one channel.
The Saturday night closing loses
much business to everyone. Many
customers from outside points, who
used to come to Vancouver to do
their buying on Saturday nights, are
prevented from doing so by early
closing. Compare the crowds
the streets now to those ln the old
days before the early closing on
Saturday night came into effect,
Outside points get the benefit, and
frequently customers are unsuited
by reason of small stocks from which
thoy have to select.
Not only in men's wear do women
now have to do the shopping, due
to early closing, but the same applies
to tobacco and many other lines. A
tobacconist counter, added to one
of the departmental stores as an experiment, has proved a regular gold
mine and is drawing a great deal of
patronage from legitimate tobacco
store channels—due to the fact that
women, buying smokes for their husbands, prefer to shop within the portals of the departmental store. This
particular departmental store management have just acquired an adjoining building at something over
$1000 a front foot, while some retail
stores are having to fight strenuously for a mere existence.
I am told that Toronto, Edmonton,
and also Seattle, have done away
with 6 o'clock closing. I have in
mind one young man who was particularly energetic In securing signatures for the 6 o'clock closing in
Vancouver some years ago. Later
he himself engaged in business on
Hastings street, east; he soon built
up a fairly good connection, but
found that the bulk of the day's business could be done after 6 o'clock,
when the men were through for the
day. Ultimately, to secure this business, he was forced to cross the line
into Burnaby, where no early closing was obligatory. He is building
up a very fine business.
According to figures issued at the
city hall, the population of our city
ln 1012 waB 111,240; tn 1924 It has
jumped to 123,138. In 1912 the departmental stores were small compared to their present size; they have
practically doubled their capacity on
an Increased population of only 11,-
Thero is only one deduction
possible; they have taken their Increase from the small merchants.
I know of only three retnil stores In
Vancouver, outside, of departmental
stores, that * have enlarged their
premises; others have been forced
entirely out of business, The smaller merchants ennnot stand up under
the stross and strain; why should
they be forced out of business by
legislation and heavy taxation?
. The suggestion Is made that the
Retail Merchants' association should
work for a change to 7 o'clock week
nights, with 9.30 on Saturday nights,
continuing the Wednesday half-
holiday as at present. Staffs could
be rearranged so that, while some
started at 8 o'clock, others could
start at 10 and In this way no hardship would be visited upon the retail
Thanking you for your courtesy in
giving space in The Federationist,
Vancouver,  Aug.   13,   1294.
[By H. W, Nevinson, in the New <
Passing by the workhouse of St.
Ives In Huntingdonshire, on a bright
day last autumn, I saw sitting on
wooden benches, in front of their
Bastillo and within their ring wall
and its railings, some half-hundred
or more of these mon. Tall, robust
figures, young mostly or of middle
age; of honest countenance, many of
them,thoughtful and even Intelligent
looking men. They sat there, near
by one another; but in a kind of
torpor, especially in a silence, which
was very striking. In silence; for,
alas! what word was to be said?
An earth all lying 'round, crying,
"Come and till me, come and reap
me," yet we here sit enchanted!
In the eyes and brows of these men
hung tho gloomiest expression, not
of anger, but of grief and shame
and manifold, inarticulate distress
and weariness; they returned my
glance with a glance that seemed to
say, "Do not look at us. We sit en
chanted here, we know not why. The
sun shines, and the earth calls; and
by the governing powers and impo-
tocnies of this England, we are forbidden to obey. It ls impossible,
they tell -us!" There was something
that reminded me of Dante's Hell
in the look of all this; and I rode
swiftly away.—Carlyle's "Past and
Present," (1843).
O.—Meeting nlghta, flrat Tueiday snd 3rd
Fridw of each month at headqnarten, 818
Cordovs Street West. President, D. Glllei-
pla; vice-president, John Johnaon; iecretary-
treaaurer, Wm. Donaldaon, addreu 818 Cor-
dova Straet Weat. Branch agent'a sddnaai
Oeorge Faulkner, 670 Johnion Street, Vie
; torla, B. O.
a-m. en tha Tuesday pMWdlni the 1st Son-
day of the month. Preildent, liJwh'
sen, 991 Nelion St.: Seeretary, 0. H. WU'
Hams, 911 Nelaon St ; Baalneia Agent, F.
Fletcher, 881 Nelion St.
dent, R. P. Pettlplece: vlee-pnildent. J.
M. Bryan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, P. O. Box 88. Meeta lut Sunday of
eaeh month at 2 p.m. In Holden Balldinf, 18
Haitingi Street Bait.
UNION, No. 418—Preildent, 8. D. Maedonald, leeretarr- treaiurer, J. M, Campbell,
P. O. Box 680.   Meeta lait Thunday of eaeh
As to Labor Parties
Editor B. C. Federationist: Would
you permit me, ln fairness to the
comrades In New Westminster, to
correct an erronlous Impression
which Is likely to be created, by an
editorial which appeared in your
Issue of July 11, under the caption
"Too Many Labor Parties," and also
by an article tn your Issue of Aug.
8, by T. A. Barnard "When Will
Capitalism End." It would appear
that the editorial referred to has
influenced Mr. Barnard's thinking
when he says that New Westminster's contribution to a desire for a
more cohesive movement In forming
one more faction called "The Labor
party." Allow me to Inform Com
rade Barnard and tho oditor of The
Federatlonist, that New Westminster
did not form one more faction, nor
did we form a distinct organisation
having  objectives  at   variance  with
CO Carlyle wrote eighty years ago,
in a time of "agricultural depression." He was a man of sympathetic vision such as few are gift:
ed with, and like all of his nature,
he suffered for the gift. I can
Imagine no more terrible and exact
description of "The Unemployed."
There we are shown it all—the torpor, the silence, the gloom, the grief,
shame, inarticulate distress, and
weariness the enchanted impotence,
as though the men lay under a
curse of Hell. And yet men of honest' countenance, many of them
thoughtful and even intelligent-looking, appealing to the Powers of Impotences of this England in vain.
Study statistics to your life's end,
plunge Into astronimical figures of
unemployment; tabulate ln columns
according to occupations or districts;
and work out percentages to the
last boy and girl; you will never get
a more accurate or heart-rending
picture of "The Unemployed" than
"A Kind of Holiday"
"Oh, but," cried the good- old economists, "Carlyle was writing in time
of transition, and In such times a
large number of hands must inevitably be thrown out of work. But
they will become absorbed in other
lucrative occupations, and so unemployment tends to evanesce." I
watched that scientific process once,
when some iron works were shut
down ln South Staffordshire. A few
of the "hands" were absorbed in a
county lunatic asylum; a few were
absorbed in the public house; a few
were absorbed in the cemetery; the
rest stood on a canal bridge, staring
at the old works and spitting Into
the water. Unemployment did not
tend to evanesce, but the unemployed tended to rot,
"Oh, but," cry the modem economists, In their turn, "unemployment
ls really declining how. The figures
of registration prove it. Compared
with two years ago, the numbers o>
the registers are little more than
half what they were. You may take
it that only about one million and
a quarter, or even a little loss are
now registered as unemployed, And
besides, there Is the dole—we mean
the insurance fund supplemented by
taxes and rates. The dole keeps
the unemployed alive and quiet- It
serves as a breakwater agninst revolution such as afflicts loss happy
lands, And, besides, again, the million and a quarter unemployed are
not the same people all the year
round. Many who are out of work
exist on the dole for a time, and
then try to get into work again, often
with success. The Interval ls a kind
of holiday—much like the holiday of
us well-to-do people,"
I know, to be sure, that many of
the well-to-do live on a dole fairly
contentedly, not only during their
annual month's., hollay, but during
the whole holiday of their lives. The
latter class may be fairly be called
unemployed, and their dole comes to
them from inherited investments, or
from rent, or from some form of speculation or swindle. They aro unemployed, and they live on a dole,
but I perceive a difference between
their lot nnd the lot of the unemployed workers. In spite of rate,
and taxes, their future is fairly certain, If they behave with decent
prudence, they have only to go on
living and their dole will continue
in sufflclent quantity for life.    Even
tho progressive labor movement,
What took place here on June 27,
was merely the formation of a local
organization, composed of men and
women who had taken an active Interest in the campaign of the Canadian Labor party candidate, and
who wero willing to subscribe to the
platform and programme of the C,
L. P. In affiliating this- organists
tion with the B. C. section we foel
that we aro doing what we can to
haBten "the day" referred to editorially on July 11, when the Canadian
Labor party will embrace everybody
who cares to follow the banner of
labor in Canada. (Let's speed the
day).        DAVID B, McCOHMACK
New Westminster, B.C.,
*   August   11,   1024.
the employed among the well-to-do
can take their holiday, pay for it
out of their private dole or out of
the salary which continues during
the Interval, and yet know for certain that work awaits tliem at the
end. They can rest or "play" without apprehension. No car king anxiety torments their minds. They livo
free from the haggard eloment of
Haggard Fear
As one who has often known what
unemployment means, and has often
been afraid, I can say that the haggard element of fear Is among the
worst afflictions of mankind—fear
and its parent uncertainty. To be
fearful of the immediate future, to
live' in doubt of what will happen, to
be uncertain what to do next or
where to turn—that is a torture compared with which the tortures of
the Inquisition wero mild. But there
are still worse plagues for the un
employed to suffer. Read again
that sentence of Carlyle's: "They
returned my glance with a glance
that seemed to say Do not look at
us." He perceived ln the gloomy
expression of thoBe unemployed, not
anger, but grief and shame. It is
a shame that causes the most poignant suffering—»the shame of idleness, of uselessness Is a busy world,
whence comes degeneration and the
loss of self-respect. That was why
those honest workers, seated on
wooden benches in front of the St.
Ives workhouse (Ironic title for what
when I was young, the poor always
called "the bastyle")—that was why
their glance seemed to Bay, "Do not
look at us." For the unemployed
man human comradeship is gone.
He lives isolated, as a thing forbid.
Shyness and shame settle down upon
him. He feels a moral leper. To
everyone who passes he rings, as it
were, the leper's bell, and his furtive
eyes seem to cry aloud, "Do not look
at rhe!"
But it may be said, the well-to-do
unemployed, living on their dole, appear not to feel this shyness or this
shame. They hold their heads
erect. They go about freely among
their fellow men. Strangest puzzle
of all, they call themselves and their
like by the name of "society!" As
they alone could really enjoy comradeship and mix with equals. To
me that word "society" seems the
most impudent and ludicrous fallacy
in all our modern life. The great
German poet had a saying, "Work
makes the comrade," and here we
have a set of people who have never
attempted to do any kind of work,
but yet claim that they alone can
be called "society," or the social
body of human beings. It seems as
though crazy Impertinence could go
no farther. Nor could It, but for one
consideration. I notice and read that
even In this so-called "society" many
of the men and women engage In
some kind of activity which takes
the place of work, Some play the
piano* of affect to sing;' Some breed
dogs, others breed horses. Some
convert themselves Into amateur
butchers and poulterers, killing animals and birds often with considerable expenditure of energy an capl
tal. Some give advice to the workers, telling them to be good and
work well. Some spend the liesure
which they can substract from
amusements in attending philanthropic committees (and the Oerman
word for a committee means alBO
"waste" or "rubbish"). Some climb
mountains at their own risk, and at
the cost of their dole. Many and
various aro their occupations, and in
all alike thc aim Is to flnd a substitute for work—something that can
give salt to life, and save the well-
to-do unemployed from the intolerable tedium of amusement without
That desire for work—for "something to do" is deep-rooted in the
nature of us all. One of the unemployed, rejected at the dock gates,
once said to me, "My hands Just
ache for work. Thoy ache as a
woman's breasts ache at the Bound
of a child crying for hunger." What
folly it Is, thon, when We hear the
ignorant say in their superior and
cynical manner, "Oh, the unemployed! They'll never stop being unemployed so long as they can go on liv
ing ln idleness on the dole." I do
not suppose that fi per cent, of the
unemployed would choose to live In
idleness on any dole, even lf it were
a "competency" or a "fortune," ' If
only work would come into' their
hands. Look at a man who has been
out of work and "playing" for a few
weeks, struggling to keep himself
and his family on the dole. You
will flnd in him the same signs of
wretchedness as Carlyle fo,und in the
unemployed at St. Ives—the Bflme
torpor and silence, the same gloomy
expression of grief and shame and
weariness, the same glance that
seems to say, "Do not look at me!"
And added to this degeneration of
mind and character, you will flnd n
physical degeneration, too, so that,
lf ever work comes to him at last,
he can hardly take It. Every fow
minutes he stands and looks at It;
he gasps for breath; he   cannot   go
Digging the foundations, they are
like children making castles and
moats in the sand, and in a long life
I remember no greater joy. They fit
lhe bricks together and saw the timber into lengths and shapes, like
children- making a doll's house for
queen. They climb roofs at an
angle which our finest mountaineers
would shudder at. Tljey climb without ice-axe or ropes or any foothold
but the tiny chinks betwoen the
boarding, and they climb with hods
of tiles upon their heads or shoulders. When the climber has reached
the summit of tho arrete or glaclB
(mountaineering words) on the roof
someone from a perilous ledgo bolow will throw him up tiles or bricks,
which he catches in an easy and
nonchalant manner, expecting no au
plauso, though the catch beats anything ever attempted at Lord's. Or
have you seen the workors in New
York throwing up and catching 'the
red-hot rivets with their iron ton
gues or pincers, whilo they sit astride
iron girders 400 or 500 feet in air
above the street? Nothing that our
ball-players and sportsmen do comes
near that for skill or for risk, and
if they want to know what work
means, I should advise them to try-
All work Is not so interesting and
dangerous and attractive as that,
know well enough. All I wish to
say Ib that, compared with the dull'
est and most unskilled and monotonous work, unemployment is-like a
circle In Dante's Hell, and the critics
who say that workers prefer it to
working are  libelling  mankind.
Furniture and
—with every piece of furniture in the store selling
at a 10 to 35 per cent, saving.
Pros and Antis—
Debate Vaccination
(Continued from page 1)
pulsory In Canada. Few, if any, medical men are likely to take the responsibility of declaring the •purity of
the disgusting production known aa
"lymph," procured from diseased
calves and injected into the blood of
human beings. An official pamphlet
Issued in favor of vaccination makes
the following.remark, "No instance is
known where an outbreak of smallpox has flrst broken out in a person
either successfully vaccinated or re-
vaccinated within the immediate preceding five years." This statement
oan be abundantly disproved. Two
instances must suffice. A child ot
four years old in the Gloucester, Eng.
epidemic of 1896, contracted confluent
smallpox after being successfully vac
clnated ln six places just three weeks
and three days previously, and she
died. Her sister, sixteen months old,
was unvacclnated, had a mild discrete
attack and recovered. A nurse at
Mlddlesborough was vaccinated and
re-vaccinated, and was again successfully re-vaccinated 14 days before
contracting smallpox. There Is ample
evidence that vaccination neither protects or mitigates against an attack,
but rather that lt disposes the sub-
Whether you need a single piece, suite, or furniture for home complete,
Jcct to contracting the disease, besides being a powerful factor in the
debility and degeneration of the race.
Birth Control
A largely atended meeting was
held on Monday night at the Worn
en's building, 752 Thurlow street, to
discuss birth control. An able address was delivered by Mrs. Anne
Kennedy, of New York, after which
It was decided to call a convention
of delegates from the different
societies interested In the work, to
be held on November 10th, when
Miss Kennedy will take part. An
extended report of Monday night's
meeting will appear in these columns
next week.
Musicians Local Arrange Picnic
The third annual outing of Vancouver musicians will be held at
Belcarra Park, on the North Arm,
on Sunday flrst. Lavish preparations are being made for the picnic,
and, granted favorable weather conditions, the outing will undoubtedly
be of a most enjoyable nature.
The Vancouver Building Trades
council has recently been formed and
u charter applied for.
The Federatlonist ls out to help
the workers. There ls no nobler
work. Join us In the fight. Get
your friends to subscribe.
Better than Lord's
But in work itself, oven apart from
the Independence of llvllhood, what
satisfaction and cleanly health of
spirit! Outside my window a gang
of workers aro building a now house,
Official Organ of the
Published in the Interests of All Workers
HTHE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the bettor-
1 ment of society. It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement, Then is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist are alwayi welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this office by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
You must have The Federationist in the home each week to keep in touch
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months.
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work. Our solicitor will
gladly offer his services to those desiring them.
FBIDAT Auguat 15, 1924
Lot'33 x 120 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Price $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
Typo. Delegates Visit City
J. H. Browne, delegate to the
Toronto convention of thc Interna'
tional Typographical union, commencing Monday, Au^bst llth, was
in Vancouver Inst week en routo to
the east. He is a former president
of Vancouvor Typographical union,
No. 220. While sojourning here he
renewed many old time, friends and
acquaintances. Beforo returning to
the coast' he will visit New York
Mr. Browne is accompanied by his
co-delegato, L. G. Wheeler, also of
Taeoma. It is expected that the In
tornational Typo, convention will
come to tho Pacific coast next year
as it has not been wost of the moun
tains since 1911, when It was at San
Why Pay 8% Interest
On Your Piano
Lewis' Sales Policy Is
We Sell on Easy Terms
Havo you estimated what thla item
alone saves you on the full purchase
prico of a piano, player-piano or
phonograph, when bought on terms 1
Mozart, Lewis and Beethovoa Pianos
Player-Pianos and Grands
Dominion   Organs  and  Phonola
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Canl
B. O. Electric direct ta course
Pari Mutuela
Admission to Grand Stand,
As We See It-
Concerning Education
 (Continued from page 1)
ployment with Its corollaries,
poverty, want, degradation, misery, crime, diseaae, and premature death Is over dogging tho footsteps and blighting lho lifo of that
largo, that overwhelming majority of
tho World'B population—politely designated the Working class.
Education, even present-day education, with all lis defects, tends to
stimulate the imagination and sharp-
on the perceptions of those who receive it; and undor adverse circumstances they begin to question the fitness of things. They begin to ask
why, with natural resources, which we
still havo in abundance, with tho
machinery of production rustiny for
lack of use, with able-bodied men and
womon driven to theft, to murder, to
suicide and to insanity in search of
employment ln order that they may
■provide themselves and.families with
the necessaries of life—why all this
For workers to begin Inquiring into;
such matters as these Is dangerous,
dangerous for,.employers, for property
owners, flnanclal magnates and others
who live off the toll of the workers.
Education of the poor must be therefore, suppressed. If it Is not done
openly it must be done In an underhand way, such as by refusing the
funds for carrying It on. That Ib tho
reason why school bylaws are being
turned down. That, and the ignorance of small property owners, i.e.,
householders, who, suffering from a
lack of liberal education themselves,
fondly imagine that they are furthering their own interest by saving a few
dollars on their, yearly tax bill.
The fact of the matter is, that we
havo a system of society in which a
certain section profits by the simplicity and ignorance of the rest of it. It
is therefore, necessary that if the prlvi.
logod class is to maintain its privileges the under-privileged must be
kept in a stato of ignorance. Knowledge Is essential for universal progress but fatal to class privilege.
(To bo concluded).
Our expenses are small
and so are our profits.
Basket   Ball    Shoes   for   Boys-
and Men; with suction soles.
 $2.50 and $2.85
Brown Canvas Boots for Boys
and   Men; with   leather sole,
heel and toe cap, at
 $1.95, $2.25 and $2.50
Come in and see our prices on
Men's Shoes, either flne or for
Men's   Bib   Overalls, black   or
stripe   $1.75
Men's   Blue   Chambray Shirts,
.     SOo
Pig Skin Work Oloves; regular
$1.25    $1.00
Men's   Khaki   Coveralls,  34 to
42     $3.25
Arthur Frith ft Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boot, and Shoe.
BStWMB 7tk til lth STUMS
Phone, Fairmont 14
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs. Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Sliado Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Btreet East        2—STORES—2        (155 Oranvllle Street
Sey. 988-172 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. D513-1SB1
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
A/pLK and mentality! The dairy interests would have us believe that
mllfc Is the "whole cheese." We wonder if they would be such ardent care-
Ltakers of our children's welfare, were
[St not for the few dollars profit they
are making out of the trade. We
need not wonder. We know full well
that they wouldn't. If milk Ib so important, why did our trustees cut
down the supply of milk for the undernourished * school children? "Very
simple! They felt they couldn't afford
It. Dollars and cents seem to be, and
actually are,  our only driving force
* *      •
La Follette, "his own defender!"
All the rest require tho services of
the secret service. Apparently La
Follette feels ho has nothing to bo
afraid of. The other can did a ten for
tho presidency must bo representing
somo other force than tho American
people themsolves, or they would have
no reason to fear tho peoplo. They
blame "cranks" and "potential assassins" for the danger that so they
elalm, lurks in tlieir pathway* We
don't. If they truly represent the
people they need fear nono of tliem.
Vancouver school teachers are appointed under "a rotten system" where
"log-rolling" and undue influence was
carried on "behind closed doors."
School trustee M. J. Crehan is reportod to have declared in the courso of
his testimony before tho school survey. And yet they say that labor is
not fit to govern! If.labor is not flt,
we would like to know who is. ''To
think that our educational system is
being run in such a manner as would
bo indicated by this trustee's declaration, should be an Incentive for fabor
to "get busy" and "buck up " a little,
for it is clear that a change is over
* *      •
We see that our daily press is paying some attention to "our Grouse
mountain" and its potential possibilities. The "interests" are getting
busy, now that they feel safe, If our
government had spent one-third the
money, that we feel sure they must
have spent during the last election
campaign, upon the development of
Grouse mountain as a summer resort,
and had lt operated in the interests
of the citizens of British Columbia,
wo feel sure that they would have
done something much more worthy of
our commendation, than tho manner
In which they have arp°rantly conducted the absentee vote.
* •   -*
Is there no limit to the depths, to
which advocates and adherents of tho
present economic system will go, in
their endeavor to gain their livelihood
and the few odd luxuries that they
enjoy now or wish to enjoy? In spito
of the urgent need of Vnncouver for
the best water supply that it Is possible to have, and in spite of the fact
that an asset, such as a good water
supply is, is one of the greatest that
any city can ever hope to enjoy; and
further, in spite of the fact that the
health and happiness of thousands of
its citizens are dependent upon it, we
have to listen to talk about the selling of timber rights in the Capilano
watershed. How far are we going to
allow ourselves to sink in the mire, as
well as dragging others after us, in
our endeavor to "make money." Is
there no limit? Is human life ever to
have any value?
* *      *
W. J. Bowser has had to vacate his
position at last! Well he muBt be admired for his sticktoltiveness, to say
the very least. He haa certainly been
an adept at the political game. He
possessed no other attribute that we
are aware of, than that. It la wonderful how he got away with It, too.
There |s a saying with which we are
all familiar which would flt in tn his
case very well, we think. It la this
"You can fool part of the people all
the time, and you can fool all the
people part of the time, but you can't
fool all the people all the time." Thla
is where "Billy" fell down. He should
have "quit while the quitting was
* *     •
They say that Japan has purchased
140,000 machine guns! That alarms
our cousins to the south of us. Why
be alarmed? Many think that a
strong army makes for peace! That'B
what ammunition manufacturers Bay,
Wo don't believe it. Very few others
bolieve it either. If they renlly do
they should bo in a mental hospital for
safo keeping.
* »      *
We are pleased to note that our attorney-general has seen flt to grant a
further investigation into tho .death
of Miss Janet K. Smith. It has been
alleged, that somo Individuals aro reflecting upon the dead girl's character,
In a manner ill-becoming them. Our
Information is that there is not the
slightest ground for such gossip, but
that there ls a very considerable
ground for tnlk In some othei* connections. And these people are not
dead. ,.
* •      •
Becauae a girl happens to be a servant girl some people think that they
have every right to talk * about her
whethei\sho be dead or alive. A girl's
character is her greatest asset In life.
The average girl so considers it. Somo
mombors of tho "upper five hundred"
may not agree with her. Apparently some of them don't, If we aro to"
judgo by the way somo of them conduct themsolvos. So long, however,
as we are allowed to, or can possibly
do so, we are going to defend tho
characters of atl and sundry, no
matter to what class they belong, so
long as they themselves value that
asset, as we feel thoy ought.
* *      *
City refuses to advance safety
funds! Wo think that they are wise.
There Is littlo uso trying to educate
any mnn or woman who persists in
mixing boozo with automobile  driv
ing, It can't be done. There Is only
one thing to do with such individuals, and that is to put them into
some fortm of an enclosure where
their presence will be as harmless as
possible to the general public. To
educate them is futile. Force, it
would seem, might be indicated,
* *     *
Trinity church corporation, New
York, made a million and a quarter
last year from rents and interest.
Everyone knows where tho worst
slums of New York are to be found.
Verily religion is profitable—to some.
* *      •
General Foreman, who figured In
tho mine war of 1922, speaks very
Plainly about tho use of tho militia.
He is surprised that the Franklin
Coal company (Williamson county)
does not appreciate the wisdom of
arranging for and instating upon
thc performance by its omployoes of
their military duty! Aftor all, it ls
the easiest wny of settling lnbor
* *      •
Europe Is indeed in a sad muddle
ovor tho reparations business. And,
of course, it is tho working-class
that is to pay. For reparations mean
unemployment for tho British people, and the Germnn workers will bc
ln no enviable position. Acording to
Morel, Germany can only pay up by
producing enormous quantities of
cheap goods, thereby driving down
the conditions of her working classes
and   decreasing  thoir  wages.
* '    *      *
A series of strikes (in Germany)
is predicted against starvation wnges
and abominable conditions forced
upon the workers, and for 40 or 50
years Germany is to go on paying
12' million pounds sterling.
* •      •
The  basis of tho demand is that
Germany was responsible for the
great war, and all the olher fighting
nations were innocent. But at any
rate the ex-ruler and the capitalists
who might have been responsible to
some exent are not paying the penalty. The common people—men.
women and children and those yet
unborn  are to  pay,
•      *      •
"I have come to the conclusion
that voluntary organization in trade
unionism la a failure," said a miners'
delegate in South Wales, "and in
future employment Is to be conditional upon federation membership.
But something more than trade
unionism is necessary if tho workers
are to come into their own.
* *     •
A grim strugglo is forecasted in
tho event of he nationalisation of
tho English mines. Undoubtedly the
coal barons and tho profiteering
poors will  make a desporato flght.
* *     *
Apart from the class strugglo, th
days of privato ownorship of the
mines are coming to an end for
another reason. Coal is not a safe
investment for the careful capitalist, and capital can only be obtained to work some of tho mines at
ridiculous terms, often as high ns
* *      •
But to the nation, coal is the
chief investment that matters. It
Is the flrst natural material interest to see to It. This can only be
done by performing as a community
a funotion which the individual! investor cannot In the nature of the
case perform, *ays Sir Lee Chiezza
• *     *
We are told that the system of
education In this province ls oo international and not enough national.
We fear that BrltJish Columbia Is
taking too much credit to herself.
We "would reverse that statement.
There would be a much better spirit
In the wot Id however, lf education
could take on an international aspect.
'•      *     *
It Is a plennu.c to note that the
new history fo the high schools is
more or lesa impartial and international. Above all, war is treats I as
a vpeless horror
Our' School Survey
(Continued from page 1)
to attend our schools where ever
thoy can. He has paid, and paid
well, for all such privileges, in that
ho has dono his duty by society
where over tho opportunity has offered itself. Ho certainly has not
been paid in wages an amount to
compensate him for tho actual labor ho has performed. It la recorded thnt tho average worker in Canada
to-day receives in wages only about
twenty per cent of the value he actually produces. We feel" naturally
that out of that, remaining eighty
per cent thero should bo taken out
the cost of the educational privileges that wo are now enjoying, but
which, some make bold enough to
Bay, wo should not enjoy without
paying for them out pf our wagos.
But tho thing that most amused
us, In this connection, was tho suggestion by some one giving* evidence
bofore the Survey Commission, that
tho money saved by dopriving tho
childron of tho poor of their rightful heritage was that this money
should be used to buy bursarios and
scholarships to encourage "willing
and obedient pupils." If thoro would
bo sufflclent money to provido nil
willing pupils with an education along
tbo lines that they were most fitted
for, wo might heartily agree. We
fear, howovor, that tho quota that
might be chosen would bo rather
small. When It comes to being
obedient, wc would liko to know whnt
fs meant by this. If childron aro
doing thc thlnga that they like, and
aro interested in doing, thero need
bc little foar about thoir being obed
ient; but when it comes to having
thoir headB crammed full of subjects
for which they can have no earthly
use, and in which they have no interest whatever, 'is it to be wondered
at that they are eager to allow their
little minds to travel off along more
interesting  and   pleasant  pathways.
Too many teachers to-day are totally Ignorant of the psychology of
tho child's mind—and of their own as
well, we might add. Power and
authority is the only means of demanding respect, they think. They
forget that such respect Is not respect at all, but an attitude of mind
produced wholly and solely by the
emotion of fear within the mind of
the child. This Is a most unfortunate and harmful state of mind for
any normal healthy child to havo
developed. If teachers cannot gain
the respect of, and hold the interest
of, the children undor their care,
without having to resort to some
form of force, as wo understand that
term to-day, then they aro not fitted
for the task that tbey havo chosen
for themselves. We said chosen, wo
may be quito wrong. It may have
boen forcod upon them. Thoy have
to gain a livelihood liko othor human
beings and, therefore, they aro forced to follow somo lino of endeavor,
probably much against thoir liking.
Thoy have our sympathy. We do
but feel, howovor, thnt tho innocent
child should have to suffer because
some 'individual feels compelled to
take up teaching for a livelihood.
The teaching profession Is ono of
the most important and responsible
professions that can be chosen by
anyone, and yet, whon ono sees how
they are paid, under tho prosent
social system, ono would think that
it is the loast important. Money
should bo the least consideration in
dealing with educational mattors,
and yot It Is the one thing that gets
every consideration. The only time
money seems to be easily obtained
ls around election time. Then money
seems to flow like water. It is to
be wondered at that our politicians
are being looked upon with susplo
ion and utter disrespect?
Another matter that was brought
to the attention of the commission
was the teaching of religion in the
schools.' Now this is interesting. If
there is one thing more than another that should be left to the home
or the church, it is religious teaching. Many of us to-dny feel that
the clergy are falling down very
much in their Influonco upon tho
minds nnd habits of the people. It
would seem as though they want to
got at our children through some
avenue where they can uso a little
force. They want to get at our
children where they cannot run away
from them. We most strenuously object. In our schools wo are supposed
to deal with facts, not dolfghtful (or
otherwiso) theories, that some of our
friends might wish to thrust upon
our children.
Somo churches boast about the
fact, that were they to be given tho
education of our children until they
are soven years of age, they know
that they would not depart from tha1
church. We doubt, in our humble
opinion, if thero ever waa a more
damning indictmont of any church
or creed than that statement, if it is
true. To think that a child, beforo
it has reached the age of reason,
has had forced upon its mind such
teachings as this church gives—or
any other church, for that matter—
so effectively, that it cannot think
for Itself. No, the teaching of religion in the schools must not be. There
are too many varieties of religious
teachings and beliefs for them to
foist any of them upon the hilnds
of Innocent children. Children would
be naturally moral, if they were allowed to develop as nature intended them
to. In teaching many of our religious
beliefs to our children we instill more
Immorality Into their minds than
would come there naturally were theae
children to be taught none of these superstitions, but, were rather to have
their minds directed in a normal and
healthy manner.
Keep the minds of the children active and engaged in the things that
they enjoy and the Impulses that
might otherwise lead them along the
Immoral pathway will be the greateat
uplifting force this world has ever
known. If many of our adults, teachers and preachers alike, would clear
out of their own minds the vague and
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample copy of
the' British Columbia Federationist
We want NEW READERS—Help us to get them
I have a friend whom I think could be induced to subscribe
to the British Columbia Federationist. Please send him a
sample copy to the address below:
Give Bread First   ;gj
Place in Your
Diet &
JiyERY task you undertake—mental or manual---
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires &oin& with plenty of £ood
1 HAT hurried mid-day meal—make it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo.
unwarranted mental attitudes they
bear towarda many of our natural and
primitive emotions and Instincts, they
might create within themselves, as
well as the children who may happen
to be under their direction and guidance, a happier state of mind and
Whether the commission will endeavor to accomplish the ideal forin
of education—whero children are allowed to develop to tho highest degree tho aptitudes they already possess, rather than have forced upon them
a stereotyped form of education, which
'possess littlo to recommend it to tho
thoughtful man or woman, and much
to condemn it—is very doubtful. Ultimately it will como, wo feel confident.     In the   meantime   we   must
watch  that  nothing,  which Is more {
ridiculous than what we already have,   I
is thrust upon us, and that the beBt ln
tho system we already have ls retained, regardless of the cost.
Palmor Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troublea,
Phone, Seymour 19(10
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
Aak for OAITTO'S,    For aale at all Oovernment Liquor Stone
Itll rtmtiunu. ll aot publlilnd et tlipltft* t, Us. Liquor Control Baud of
ty thi OoVMamut of British Columbia
Acquaint Your Fellow Workers
with Clean Labor Journalism
HAVE you frienda to whom you would like The B. C. Federationist sent for a month, in order
that they may become acquainted with this upright, constructive weekly Labor paper?
If you have, send us their names and addresses, accompanied by Twenty centa for eaoh monthly
trial subscription.   Those whose names you send  will be notified of your courtesy.   You may use
the coupon below, or write us.
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