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The British Columbia Federationist May 3, 1918

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Array E BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUI
HAL JJNITY:
8TBENGTH
TENTH YEAR. - No. 18
TWELVE PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C-, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1918
POLITICAL UNITT!   VICTON
(la Tiomnrv
OUT. MM I
$1.60 PER YEAR
CANADIAN PAPERMAKERS
ARE TALKING STRIKE
LOFSOCK
J lncreaae of Wages and Eight Hour-
Day Being Demanded ln
Eastern States
E!e>eBpite feportB to the contrary, it is
■A   «d from official sources .that there
■Vtfj'- -y possibility of a strike of big
onions in the E. B. Eddy atod J. B.
i''-fW'ii paper mills at he Chaudiere, on
orafter May 1.
A well-known Labor organizer from
Sault Ste. Marie, stated that the Pulp
and Paper Workers had decided to demand a substantial increase in wages
in both mills, and would also insist on
a straight eight-hour day.
This movement on the part of the
Papermakers is general throughout
Canada, and is being opposed by the
mill owners on the grounds that the increases asked for, which amount to 45
per cent., are not compatible with the
action of the Dominion in setting the
prico of nowsprint.
It is claimed by outside Papermakers
that the wages paid to the employeos
of the Eddy and Booth concerns are at
a much lower scale than prevail elsewhere.
Sacrifices   and   Privations
Bring Out the Best in,
Hearts of Workers
Union Movement Paves Way
for Progress in City
of Vancouver ,
The trade union movement Ib a
school in which great masses can be
organized and disciplined to attend to
the growing desires of thoso who perform the only useful work in society.
It Ib a school of soeial experience It
is the institution which has been builded up by heroic methods to hold back
the encroachments of capital. It is a
fraternal movoment which brings ideas
of security, trust and mutual aid to the
toilers. Strikes must inevitably take
place, but the strike becomes a splendid
school of the social struggle. It opens
up lofty instincts which oftimes lead to
heroism aud adventurous deeds. It de
mands that man undergo some privations, but the beauty and exhilarating
effects of the, revolt render such almost
joyous. Sacrifice is called for, but that
sacrifice will bring .forth recollections
that will awaken magnificent and powerful images of tho goddess of liberty
and of the virgin forest and tho pa'
tant Bea. The "spirit shown by the
Civic Employees now on striko in the
city is the kind that wins. The striko
meetings are boing made cheerful by
means of music, song and laughter.
Threats and intimidations from tho
powers that bo only add to the con-
tompt tho men have for potty officials
of an otherwise progressive city.
Machinists No. 777. . -
Business Agent McCallum,, of the
- Machinists Lodge No. 777, reports having called a separate strike in the city
shops on the question* of the wages of
three mon employed in the waterworks
department. Despite tho fact that
Mayor Gale had induced the council to
agree to pay the union scale in the
municipal shops, these workers had not
been so paid.
Shipyard Laborers
Forty new momberB were initiated at
last mooting of thc Shipyard Laborers,
reports Socrotary Phelps. President
Young of the Pacific Coast District
council will nttend the next meeting of
thelocal union. Gordon J. Kelly addressed the meeting on the findings of
the I. M. B. A member of the local
will attend thc district convention, to
be held in Seattle, May 6.
Retail Clerks
A good attendance of rotail clerks
were at the meeting in tho Labor Temple Tuesday, called to inaugurate the
"one thousand membership" Campaign,
The speakers of the evening wore B. P.
Pettipiece, W. B. Trotter, Bev. J. Eich-
mond Crnig nnd International Organizor
Hoop. The speakers were enthusiastically received, uud au optimistic spirit
prevailed. President E. P. Cornett waa
iu the chair. Organizer Hoop has been
busy' visiting union meetings and addressing organized workers during noot
hours. The campaign is making grent
headway.
Batchers.
Business Agent Anderson reports
that the Butchers union schedule has
been accepted as a whole by the employers. It went into effect April 20.
;. The scalo calls for a minimum wage of
$25 per week for meat cutters, 44 to 60
cents per hour for packing house employoes and -$13 per week for girls employed in packing and warehouses.
Some of the employers prefer Chinese
in their butter and sausage departments. Swifts have agreed to pay thc
aame wages to Chinese employed in
thoir Sapperton plant as the scale calls
for. \
Electrical Workers
Nine new members were initiatod by
1 tho Electrical Workers. Tho local went
on record aB being opposed to working
more than 44 hours per week ,and delegates to the Metal Trades council were
instractcd to so inform tho council. Onc
hundred dollars to a member who has
been sick for somo time. President
Morganthaler of the Pacific District
council, was in attendance at the meeting, and informed the local of tho progress being made in other parts of the
., district in the organization of telephone
operators. President Morganthaler
complimented the local on boing the
trail-blazers in obtaining increased
wago scalos and hoped it would keep up
thc good work.
Stteet and Electric Railwaymen.
BusinosB Agent Hoover reports a
mass-meeting to bo hold at'the Broadway theatre/Main and Broadway, Saturday at 12.30, and at midnight May 4,
to considerd proposed new agreemont,
drafted by tho advisory board. Only
members with paid-up working cards
will b6 admitted. Everybody with
"fcuch.aro requested to bc at ono of the
meetings. Lato cars will take men
homo after the meeting. >
"Business Agent Hoover took u trip
to Seattle and Taeoma and found
tbingf pretty good. There is a big
shortage of men for street cars owing
|    to tho long hours.    The company recently offered the men a flat increase
1 of five cents per hour on condition that
the agreement be oxtendod for another
year, commencing August 1. This the
mon voted down and the company
were finally compelled to sign up on
the basis of timo and a half for, all
time workod ovor eight and a half
hours. The men havo beon working nn
average of eleven hours per day at
from 33 to 40 centa por hour and this
- haB caused a shortage of mon and a
breakdown of-tho service. Tho mayor
of Seattle threatened to take action
againBt tho company unless thoy put on
a better service. Portland street car
men have nn eight-hour day at from
AQ to 45 conts per hoar. They aro
opposing a referondum aiming to re-
i "* store tho unregulated jitney traffic.
BY GRATEFUL
Army and Navy Veterans
Not Owning Land Have
No Job Standing
Restaurants Cannot Com*
pete With Unrestricted
Home Meals
Down-town restaurant and
house proprietors report business conditions rather slack. Said one of the all-
union cafe managers to The Federationist yesterday: "Conditions are becoming intolerable with 'as. The food controller has placed so many limitations
upon us that the usual down-town lunch
trado has fallen off more than 50 per
cent Our customers can not get what
they wnnt here, so they go homo for
lunch, where the government regulations do not obtain. I am ready and
willing to comply with any regulations
the govornment sees fit to proclaim,
but unless tho application is made to
roach thc home as woll as the eating-
house, wo might as well get out or got
ready to greet the sheriff. We can't
stand tho present conditions much lon'
ger. Thoro are too many eating houses
in Vnncbuvcr anyway. Half the number would do. Surely there iB some
way out of the proBent dilemma, if the
food controller's department was alive
to the situation."
Will
F.
Confer  With   B.   C.
of L. Executive Tomorrow Evening
A meeting of thc directors of Tho B,
C. Federationist, Limited, and the
coast executive members of thc B. C,
Federation of Labor will bo held tomorrow (Saturday) ovening to arrange details" in connection with
tho referendum vote, which has carried
by a three-to-one vote, increasing the
per capita tax to 7 conts per month, 5
cents of which is to provide for the
mailing of The FederationiBt to ovory
momber of affiliated unionB. The arrangement, if adopted, will become effective at tho end of the present fiscal
half-year, July 1.
The directors, President Duncan McCallum and Secretary Wells, representing tho B. C. F. of L., nnd MesBrs.
Campbell, McVety and Pettipiece, representing Vancouvor Trades and Labor
council, will deal with the affairs of the
company to date of meeting, for the
purposo of presenting a report to the
shareholders' meoting to follow later in
the month, at which new directors are
to be elocted by the Trades and Labor
council. ' President Jas. Campbell and
Director Pettipiece will not seek reelection to the board.
A Happy Augury.
The British Labor Party has started
its campaign to put four hundred can-
didates in tho fiold for the forthcoming goneral elections.
F. L. P. Meeting Sunday.
W. H. Hoop will spoak at the Rex
theatre Sunday evening under the uus-
pices of Vancouvor brunch of tho Federated Labor Party. His Bubject is
"Has Labor a Philosophy?" An organ recital will commence at 7.30 Admission free.
Boilermakers
Secrotary Fruser reports that thirty
now members were imitated at tho last
business meeting, this number plucing
the membership over the 1300 mark.
Tho picnic committeo roported progress
on the big outing to Mahon Park on
May 24. Business Agent Cnrmichael
presented the recommendations of thc
Imperial Munitions board and thero was
considerable discussion thereon. The
matter is to bo left in thc hands of the
Metal Trades council. A resolution to
have members attending tho business
meeting sign an attendance roll was
carried, and the roll will be put into
effect commencing with next meeting.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees.
Businoss Agont Mackenzie reports
everything going favorably with union
and new houses nre being signed up
right along and hopes to havo all tho
remaining signed up by the end of tho
coming weok. The waitresses are holding a benefit dnnce in the Auditorium,
May 22, and they issue a special invitation to all union men, both young
and old, to attend and mako tho thing
a huge success. The danco is for thc
building up a sick benefit fund. The
benefits went into effect May 1. The
waitresses are planning to hold severnl
picnics and excursions daring the summer months.
Attitude of Government at
Victoria Is Clearly
Demonstrated
Tlio attitude of tbo present government at Vietoria towards the returned
soldier, oven in the mattor of road
building, is somowhat reflected in the
correspondence bolow. It sooms that
tbe returned soldier, too, -.'must bo a
property owner beforo he may reasonably oxpect any consideration at tho
handes of tho publie works department.
Tho correspondence speaks for itself:
Shswnigan, B. C,
Mnrch 15, 1918.
To MlnlBter ot Publlo WorkB, Victor!., B. 0.
Dear 'Sir,—Wo beg to ask you tor employment on the wagon roan, Shawnigan district, Vancouver leland, which is now in pro*
greBB. The reason we appeal to you on
this matter is beeause we have applied to
road foreman, Mr. L. Walton, on several
occasions and have never boon successful to
obtain employment, although he has on each
ocasion promised it. We have known' cases
where the applicants have been refused employment on the grounds of not being landowner.. There Is at present a resident being employed who, like ourselves, docs not
own land. Other road foremen hero years
ago have given us all employment, residents
and land owners both. For instance, the late
read superintendent, Mr. Peter Auchlnaohic,
employed us without supervision of any
kind, also the late road foreman, Mr. J.
Taggart, the same, and mado one of us re*
sponsible for tho time and work. You will
seo by this that we aro trustworthy and
competent for such work. We may add also
that we are members of the A. St N. Veterans' association and fought in two cam*
>algns for our empire and hold decorations
'or same. We hope* you will givo us a little
consideration in our anneal to you in this
matter. *
Yours respectfully,
W. G. and J. COLEMAN.
Work in Shipbuilding: Plants
at a Standstill Over
Wage Agreement
1918.
Victoria, March 10,
W. Q. and J. Coleman,
Shawnigan P. 0„ B. C.
Dear Sirs,—I bog t" acknowledge your
letter nf tho 16th inata* t, content, nf which
havo boen noted, and in roply would state
that it is tho doslro of the govornment to
ox*) *nd money on roads among the residents
of the province. It is also desirous to avoid
previous abuses where peoplo living outside
of tho province came in at certain seasons
of tho yoar and secured employment on
govornment works and returned to their
homos aftor tbo season. Owners living on
the land should bo given preference.
However,   your   case  might  receive othor
consideration and the matter will bo brought
to the attention ot the district engineer.
Yours very truly,
J.   H.  KINO,
Ministor.
Victoria, April 9, 1918.
Cowichan Dlstriot.
Sirs,—Adverting to tha Hon. Minister'
letter to yon of tho 19tli ultimo, I beg to
adviso that I am now in receipt of roport
from tho assistant district engineer. I find
that you are not bona flde property owners living upon tho land und are, therefore,
not entitled to special consideration in connection with being employed on local government roadwork. You will, r am quito fliire,
soe that this is quito fair as, naturally, the
local resident property owners aro tho persons who should be givon flrat consideration.
Yours obediently,
Q. P. NAPIN.
Por Public Works Engineer.
Messrs W. G. and J. Coleman,
Shawnigan P. O., B. O.
OOAL MINERS TURN OUT
TO BIO CELEBRATION
Spectre of Toll Dispelled; Day Given
Over to Enjoyment, Laughter
and Frolic
International Lnbor Day was celebrated in great stylo ot South Wellington. The miners took a day off nnd
marched behind thoir own brass band
from the 'union headquarters to Becks
Field, whore ovorybody settled down to
an all-day programme of fun und frolic.
Tho sports wero of muny kinds, and
everybody seemed to havo dispollod tho
gloomy picture bf toil from their
minds and gamboled and laughed liko
children. In tho afternoon speeches
woro dolivorod by Dave Eoes, organizer
of tho United Mino .Workers and J.
H. Hawthornthwaite, Labor M. P. V.
Walter Head acted as chairman. Tho
audience wus intensely interested in
the remarks of all spoukors and gavo
hearty applause to the vigorous mos*
sake of Internationalism, At tho end
of this programme tho audience all
joined in singing "The Bod Ping." In
tho ovoning a big dunco took plnco
which kept up the celebration until tho
small hours of tho morning. Notwithstanding tho activities of employers in
outlying districts, who did their best to
discourage tho lay-off, tbe mon from
thoso places wero out in practically fjll
forco and everything wont nlong all
day to tho satisfaction of all.
Victoria Steamship Employees.
StonmBhip employees at Victoria recently made demnnds for an all-round
increase in wagos, and as tho outcome
of the negotiations the following wage
scalo has beon agreed upon: Quarter*
masters, wineh drivers and night
watohmon, $75 per month; quarterdeck**
men, freight handlers and lookoutmon,
♦70; doekhundB, $(15; oil and coal lire-
men and oilers, $75; coul trimmers,
$05; wipers, $45 nnd upwards.
In the steward's department, waiters
having a year's experience, will get
$50 per month, while new men of different ratings will be paid a varying
scale. Tho men will got 00 cents an
hour overtime over a 54-hour week.
VANCOUVER F. L. P. SOCIAL
BRINGS OUT OOOD TALENT
Branch Opens Splendid Headquarters
In Dominion Building—Many
Women Join
The International Labor Day celebration of tho Vancouver branch of the
Federated Labor Party, held in tho
Labor Tomple, brought out tho fact
that the party has plenty of talent for
the many socials tho' branch intends to
hold in future. The moeting was opened by Dr. W. J. Curry, who, after a
fow briof remarks on tho obpects of
tho F. L. P., started tho programme off
with a piano soleotioa by Comrade Buchanan. Then followed many othor
artists who generally recoived encores.
Among thoso were Comrade Tuff, vocal
solo,' recitation by Chas, Lestor; solo
by Comrade Mrs. Robertson; comet
solo by Comrade O'Neil; solo by T.
Weedon; recitation by Dr. Curry; vocal
solo by Comrade McPherson; short talk
by Gorald V. Pelton; violin solo by
Comrade Bobertson; short speeches by
R. P. Pettipiece and W. R. Trotter.
Secretary Trotter informed the audience
that the branch had opened headquarters at Sip Dominion Building and
this place will bo used as offlco for
the provincial executive ond tho city
branch. The next meeting of the
branch will take place on June 29,
when permanent local officers will be
elected. A number of womon joined
tho branch as a result of the social.
VICTORIA, May 1.—All the machinists employed in tho engineering and
shipbuilding plants of thc city went
out on striko Wodnosday morning when
tho omployers failed to comply with
the domands submitted for an increase
in wages. Tho existing scale for machinists is 65 5-g cents an hour and tho
mon aro holding out for 82 1-2 cents an
hour. Undor tho *jld agreement tho
machinists are getting $5.25 per dny
and with tho ratification if tho Murphy
commission finding thoy' nro entitled
to $5.85 por dny. In the ovent of tho
prosent demands being grantod, tho
daily wage of the machinists would be
$6.00.
Every one of tho engineering plants
and machine Bhops in the city are nf-
footed by tho walkout. Tho striko has
completely disrupted the fitting of the
government's steamshinj-with machinery at the Ogden Point* assembly plant,
whoro live vessels uro moored and in
various stages of advancement. It is
estimated that approximately 2000 machinists nro nffectod by thc striko.
D,inean McCallum, business ngent of
thc Machinists  union   in   Vnncouver,
has. gone to Victoria to keep in touch
with thc striko situation at tho euni
tal.
ALBERTA ANNOUNCES
COMPENSATION BOARD
Aid. Kinney, Organiser for Carpenters,
Appointed on Workmen's Compensation Board.
EDMONTON.—Promier Stewart haB
announced the composition of tho
board to administer thc Workmen's
Compensation Act pussod nt the recent
session of the legislature. The board
will consist of John Thomson Stirling
of Edmonton, Aid. JnB. Andrew Kinney of Edmonton, nnd Walter' Floyd
McNeil of Cnlgary.
Tho personnel is the fame os tho
commission appointed by order-in-council on August 22, 11)17, for tho purpose
of investigating workmen's compensntion in the province.
Mr. Kinney is presidont of the Al-
bortn Federation of Labor; Mr. McNeil iB secretnry of the Western Coal
Operators' association, and Mr. Stirling
is chief inspector of mines for Alborta.
Mr. Stirling, who was chairman of
tho eommission, will also be chnirmnn
of tho new bonrd.
IN UNIONS
Piledrivers   and   Wooden   Bridgemen.
Soven new memberB were initiated
nnd forty applications for membership
wore received, reports Business Agent
Ironsides. The 50c wnge increase commencing with thc first of May has
lieon granted by all employers.
Steam and Operating Engineers
Ten new subscribers were initiated at
a well-attonded moeting of tho Stciim
and Operating Engineers, reports Bnsi-
ness Agent Alexander. Owing to tho
failure of the provincial government to
amend the B. C. Boiler Inspection Act,
tho chief amendment being tho eight-
hour day for engineer working plants in
continuous operation, the union feels
justified and strong enough to force the
ismio with tho employers. Action along
those lines will betnken in the very
near future, nnd, with tho Bupport of
nil organized lubor, it hopes to obtnin
the desired results,
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, May 5.—Moving Picture Operators, Saw Filers association, Bartenders,
MONDAY, May ti.—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Machinists No.
720, Tailors, B. 0. Coast Stewards, Stroet Railwnymcns
Executive.
TUESDAY, May 7.—Shoo AVork-
ors, Butchers and Meat Cutters, Cigarmakers, Railway
Firemen, Machinists Ladies
Auxiliary.
WEDNESDAY, April S._Tcnm-
stcrs & Chauffeurs, Metal
Trades Council, Gas Workers,
Stereotypers, Stroet Railway-
mun, Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses.
THURSDAY, May 9.—Sheet
Metal Workers, Painters, Machinists No. 182, Shipwrights
& Caulkers.
FRIDAY, Mny 10.—Pile Drivers
and Wooden Bridgobuilders,
Plumbers, Shipyard Laborers,
Mill and Factory Workers,
Warehfmsemoit. .
Vancouver  Labor  Council
Shows Up Cooper in
True Light
Delegate Says Alien Enemies Can Be Found
on City Council
Vancouvor Trades and Labor Council
took exception to the statement mado
by Major Cooper, M„.P. for South Vancouver, to the effect that one-third of
tho total membership ot trade unions
in Canada are enemy aliens.
The following resolution, introduced
at last night's session by pel. McVety, carried unanimously:
"Whereas, R. O. Cooper, M. P. for
Vancouver South, haB stated in the
house of commons that 'at least one-
third /of the total membership of the
labor unions in Canada consists of
enemy aliens or aliens of neutral countries,' and; *•
"Whereas the statement is absolutely false as regards Canada, British Columbia, or Vancouver and vicinity;
therefore be it
'Resolved, that the attention of tho
constituents in Vancouvor South be
drawn to the above statements and
also to the increase in the number of
enemy alions on Vancouver Island, due
to tho assistance rendered by Mr.
Cooper to the mine owners in driving
out citizen miners and allowing them
to bo replaced by enemy aliens."
Del. McVety pointed out that Mr,
Cooper had taken a very active part in
the affairs of Vancouver Island and
that alien labor played a very prominent part in the industrial activities
there today.
Del. Kavannugh was in favor of the
motion, but stated that ho was not concerned about aliens not being in the
ranks of organized labor. Tho alions,
from his point of view, wero the bosses,
tho ownors of the C. P. R. and all othor
industrinl institutions, including the
city council, that denied a 25-cont increase to poorly paid laborers.
Beports.
Report of executive committoe to'
tho efEect that word had been recoived
from H. H. Stevens, M. P., to the of-
foct that the federal order-in-council,
prohibiting the entry'of skilled and
unskilled labor into British Columbia,
had been renewed.
BiyJlJnesBi Agont Midgley reported
that ho und.Birt Showier had visited
Mr. Yumnmata in an effort to get his
help in organizing the Japanese team
stars and chauffeurs. Help was prom
ised.
Organizer of Bakers union hns been
a visitor and hns tyld several meetings, and has hopes of signing up several bakers. He had visited the Mutual Laundry of Seattle nnd found thnt
tho co-oporative laundry had almost
doubled tho pay of employees. Help
was promised if Vnncouver trade un
ionists wish to start ''co-op." la'un
dry.
Marine Stewards are holding or
gunization meetings. The business
agont had a visit from captains of
firo department on matter of joining
firemen's union, i Captoins were told
that they could join. v
Report of Unions.
Del. Harrison, Oivic Employees, reported the strikers standing firm and
union felt almost liko framing ultimatum sent by city council.
Del. Kavanagh asked, through thc
chair, if tho board of trade "pacification" committee had made nny move
to help clear up tho strike of civic
employees.
Dol,-.Harmon stated that the Civic
Employees did not want tho help of
the board of trade because they hnd
the city council licked to a frazzle
ulreudy.
Del. Grand, Painters, reported all
firms lined up with the exception of
Spencer's.
Del. Anderson, Butchers, reported obtaining new wage scale without trouble
and that the matter of Chinese labor
wo\ild bc taken un by union.
Delegate from Shoreworkers reported new members coming in and organizor iu thc field.
Del. Harrison, Civic Employees, re
ported nil mechanics out with tho exception of two nuto. meehnnics who
hud signified their willingness to como
out us soon us ordered by business
ngent,
Del. Youngash, Auto Mechanics,
stated he would get in touch with men
Fridny and get them off job.
A delegate asked if the Civic Employeos would ask for u 50-cent raise
if men wero not taken back with increase by Friday. ' He wus unswered
to the effect that the meeting Friday
nt 10 a.m. would decide. Also that. th.
city council hud triod to get u meeting
with individunls nnd were told thnt
business would hnve to be done with
tlieir business ugent.
Del. Mottishaw, Soft Drink Dispell
scrs, reported membership campaign
bringing in mnny upplieutions from
men und women. A mass-meeting will
be held  next; Sundny.
Del. Miss Gutteridge, Garment Workers, reported enmpaign under wuy to
boost union label. Committee to address  meetings.
Del. Kavanagh drew thc attention
'f the delogutes to CInuse 85 of Bill 511,
passed by the house of commons, entitled un'uct respecting the Civil Her-
of Cnnndn, which provides for u
fine of $500, or one month in jail, und
dismissal from thc civil service, if any
employee in the public service engnged
in pnrtisnn work in connection with
any election or contributing or receiving money from such sources. Thc secretary wus instructed to write to thc
secretary of the Trades und Lnbor
Congress of Canndn, asking him whore
the delegates of the Congross wero
when auch an act wus ptiHsed.
On a motion, introduced by Del. Miss
Gutteridge, the secretary wns instructed to write to the Toronto Dis-
RAHROAD CARMEN
t    HAKE FINE RECORD
More   Than   One   Hundred   Locals
Formed After Hard
Struggle
Probably no railroad organization
during the last five years haB made
Bueh extraordinary headway as the
Brotherhood 6f Bailway Carmen. During that period, in both Canada and
the United States, its growth has been
truly remarkable.
Previous to that time thore were
only a few struggling IocoIb of the organization in the Dominion, and as a
rulo they were very far opart—in fact
they were struggling to maintain e
bare existence, and were only kept go
ing by a few ardent spiritft, who freely
gave of their timo and did not spare
'their pockots in whnt looked to the
ordinary observer a hopeless proposi
tion.
But grit counts, and today this weak
and struggling union haB grown into a
powerful organization wjth splendid
locals stretching all tho,(way overland
from the Atlantic to tho Pacific ocean,
there being at the present time a full
hundrod of them scattered over all the
railroad systems in Canada.
S
Fourteen Members of Legal
Fraternity Find Conscription O. K.
A year ago it was announced in the
Canadian Parliament that oonscription
was necessary to secure 100,000 men
forthwith. During the Hummer the
Military Servico Aot was passed, and
late in November or early in Decern*
bor the Borden govornment began to
administer the aot and gather in the
men. In these last four months nearly
$1,500,000 have been expended in administering thc aot, or in getting soldiers. Before the end of tho year nt
the present rate of expense, the cost
will bo at least three million dollars.
Information givon in parliament
shows that in tho central appeal tribunal at Ottawa thore are ninety-six
omployeos and the cost of putting tho
act into operation up to March was
$1,421,785.    Among the   staff  of  tho
Mechanics Out in Sympathy
Causes a General
Shutdown
Ultimatum of City CouncU
Creates Considerable
Enjoyment
The striko of tho Civic Employees
for 25 conts a. day increase ia progressing v«ry favorably aud a settlement in thir favor is looked forward to
by Monday. The eity council gave tke
striking employees till Friday to either
get back to work or have their places
illled by new employeea. The men
took the ultimatum aa a huge joke because the city oouucil seems to be
reckoning without their hosts, the em**,
ployees in the mechanical departments*)
The city council has turned the job of
replacing the strikers over to the eity
engineer, but the union has informed
tho city council that if any men 'are
replaced the wage increase demanded
by-the strikers will be increased to
50 conts.
All the mechanics employed by the
city are out in sympathy, with the exception of two garagemen, who will
likely be out by this morning. The
City Firemen's union has advised the
olty council that if any strikebreakers
are employed that the union will take
drastic action. Two non-union
chauffeurs, employed driving department
cars, woro dismissed for refusing to
scab operating the swing bridges. The
men have joined, tho Teamsters and.
Chauffeurs union. Tho bridgetendera
woro getting 0_ for a twelve-hour day,
soven days a weok, tending to half-a-
million dollars' worth of city property.
This is one cent an. hour less than the
Chinamen employod by the Canadian
Pacific Bailway service.
Businoss Agent McFarlan says It
will be a "fight to tho finish,'' because he knows the city eannot fill
thc jobs. None of tho men ou atrike
will be idle long, on account of the de*
from
,._, ,.__.      --....,..£,    .....    .......    ui    ..... . ,,,,, U(J iuiu ">'>(£, vtt uvuuuub ua mo un-
offlco of the central appeal judge alono mand in othor industries.   Over fifty
"~*"t . ! applications for men haB been received
Five barristers, engaged as counsel,' *      "   "  '
$70 per week salary and expenses.
Eight barristers, engaged as counsol,
$84 per week salary and expenses.
One agricultural examiner, $105 per
week salary and expenses.
One1 barrister, offlce of central public representative, $84 per week salnry
and  cx-jenscs.
1
Major-Gen. Mewburn Eluci
dates on the Recent
Order-in-Council
Excerpt,   Pago
1172,   Hansard,
1918:
April   25,
Military Service—Men Medically Unfit.
On the Orders of the Day:
Mr. Jacques Bureau (Thrc-3 Rivera): I
deslru to cnll attention to an .error ln the
Hansard roport. jfestorday 1 put thu following question  to tho  Ministor of   Mititiu:
An; the men in Cluss "ll" exempted un-
dor medical certificate!, obliged to report
under the new order-in-councll whicli -hn*-
been passed I
The rporl says class "D," but what 1
wanted to know was whether men In class
E, medically unfit, were required to report under thu new order-in-council. As Uie
rpu-Ktion is reported, aonu confusion might
lit created. I understand (hat men In class
i) are thoHe temporarily unfit, while those
in class E are permanently unfit for service.
Further on, spanking about tho medical certificate,   what  1  meant—and   what  1   think
said, though H may have been misunderstood—was would the'medicul certificate of
the military board appointed for the purpose be sufficient to exempt a man declared
medically unfit. From the reply made to me
liy the minister, 1 think he understood tny
queatlon aright.
Major-Ueneral Mewburn. 1 understood
the hon. getitlemnn to refer to men In tin
lowor category—1 think lie said  E.
Mr. Bureau;    Yea.
Major-General Mewburn: Category i E
OOlliUU of men not likely to become fit within six mouths; Hint Is the regulation laid
down by the medical people. What I
tended to say in answer to my hon. friend
was tills: In calling up Lheio classes of 2<l
'-I nnd 22 years, wo were not asking to re
port at present those men already register
ed. and who bud not been put iu Hit*--. I
by thu medical boards. All we require i
men of class A who are til fur service n
the front. The categories laid down by lh'
iiiedicul board are: A, lit for general ser
vice; It, tit fur service abroad, but nut for
general service —i but would be foFOI
and so on; I), temporarily unlit, but pnssi-
bly becoming A i>r It within six months—
thnl is, men iu convalescent homes, and so
on; E, not likely to become fit in six
months.
Mr. Bureau: E is the class 1 was referring to.
Mujor'U.mural Mewburn; We bad no intention of calling them. If things get worse,
some of these men within the. ages of '20,
I!I and 21! mny have lo undergo another
medical examination. We hnve, however, in
Intention of disturbing any of the men nl
ready declared  not to  be  in  class  A,
INDIANAPOLIS—A three weeks' strike
of the Electriral Workers union, which effected n large section of Indiana, has been
rmnpromhed. Wlrailion will be paid 07 1-2
cents an hour the flrnt year, 72 cents the
second year and 75 cents the third yenr.
They were puid 57 cen In and nskud 75
cents.
HONOLULU. T. H.—Hundreds of men.
ist of them Orientals and Filipinos and
some whites, hav,* been detained here for
xriminntb.ii as the rdilllt of n thorough
parch for ovadora of military service, conducted by the notional guard and police.
All those detained lacked either registration or classification cards.
trict Labor Council Informing thom
that it wns bed policy to boost eastern
garment, firms in wOfitorn cities where
union garment workers were struggling
for un existence.
Organizor Hoop of tho Retail Clerks
association was called upon for a few
remarks, us also was Organizer Gardiner of tho Boot ami Shoe Workers
union.
Tho following now delegates were
ibligatod: Freight Handlers No. 40,
Gob. Djffell; Minimum Wage League,
Mrs. A. Ungual, Mrs. Thextop,
by   Business   Agont   McFarlan
other unions ll"d soarces.
A three-thousiind-doHar-n-year assistant engineer is now performing u 43-
a-day man's job.
The stroets nre strewn with rubbish
and a general paralysis, of the board of
works unci wn tor worts dept i*mi-n*8 has
resulted. | ' *\  r
Thc city hns threatened to let the
scavenging work to contractors, but the
Teamsters union would step in and prevent the work from being done.
The men aro   optimistic.    Most   of
them seem to bc glad to got nwny froip
tho grind.    A mnjority  of thom  aro
men over 40 and severnl are wnr veterans.    Tho daily strike meetings are
'full  of life.    Ono  mnn   brought   his
fiddle along and there has been much
music, singing and Inughter ever since.
Union's Official Statement.
In order to correct some of the inaccurate statements issued  by the city
council in connection  with the strike
of   the   Civic   Employees,   Secretary
Georgo   Harrison   wns   authorized    by
the union to iBsuo tho following statement for thc information of the public:
"According to the Labor Gazette,
issued by the Dominion government,
thc cost per week, for the nvernge family for food, fuel, light nnd rent in
February, 1914, was $14.63.
. "Tho minimum wage for tho ^ivic
employeos at that time wns $3 per day,
or *l(i.50 per woek.
"The same issue of the \Lnbor Gazette gives thc ..cost for the average
family in February, 1918, for food,
fuel, light, und rent as $19.80.    ■
"The minimum rate of wages paid
by Vancouver city council todny is
$2.50.
"The men asked for 25 cents a dny
incrense ull round. This the council
refused nnd the mon went on strike.
"Since the strike tho council have
offered u sliding scalo of pay with %%
as a minimum and *3.75 as a maximum,
the city engineer to decide the classift-
catlon of the men.
"This condition of affairs is practically that which existed before the
strike and wbat the men nre striving
to improve.
"The union hns a standing offer witfr
the olty council to appoint a -joint
committee to adjust disputes betwoen
the city and its omployoes, This the-
council has ignored, although it hns-.
been brought to its attention several1
times.
"The city of New Westminster ib
paying its employees $3.90 n day.
"Vancouver city council hnd, at thd
time of tlie strike, returned soldiers
working for $2.50 and $3 n day. There
are ten or more roturned soldiers among
the strikers who, after 'doing their bit*
in Europe, are now compelled to strike
in order to secure wages that, at tho
best, will only provide the bare necessities of life.
"The bridge tenders, who have half-
a-million dollars of city property in
their care, have been paid at the rate
of 25 eents per hour. Chinamen employed by a certain railway company
here receive 20 cents per hour.
" Wo believe these fucts will convince any fair-minded ratepayer that
thc city council is attempting to
pauperize their workmen and thoir
families, and justify tho men in their
determination to stay on strike unlil
tho council pays tho very modest demnnd of 25 cents per day inerease."
H. A. Lipsett is no longer in the employ of The Federationist as advertising solicitor, or in any other capacity.
WASHINGTON—Th? Skinner & Kdrfy
corporation, Seattlo, n strictly union shipyard, has launched tbe 8800-ton ship West
I-danga In 55 working days from the time
the keel wns laid, The best previous record,
held by the same yard, wns 04 days. The
federal shipping board hns notified thc
Sent th- concern that "we nre proud of
r men nad proud of yonr record.'* PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
..May 3,  1918
SLATER'S
QUALITY :: FREE DELIVERY
Eat an extra potato a day; it will save
a slico of bread for overseas.
—Canada Food Board
Rogers' Syrup, 5-lb. tins 45c
Not-a-Seed Raisins 2 for 25c
Seeded Raisins.-i6-oz 2 for 25c
Bleached Sultanas - 2 lbs. for 35c
Finest Pink Salmon 2 for 25c
Crisco, large tin - 50c
Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sacks for *45c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Apex Jam, in 4-lb. tins; reg. 60c for 45c
Robertson's Old Country Black Currant Jam,
4-lb. tins; reg. 90c for 75c
Slater's Red Label Tea; reg. 30c for 25c
Oat Barley 4 lbs. for 25c
Alberta Cooking Eggs, all guaranteed, doz 40c
Finest Spuds from Dewdney, B. C; nothing
finer. Reg. $1.65 for $1.40
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street.  Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
•\ SHOULD GIRLS ATTEND 3
r COLLEGE IN WAR TIME r
In an article under tbls beading joa
will flnd a fine diwnuslon ef tbls question which may have been bothering you
!! Of Course They Should!!
-A COURSE IN THE-
Sprott-Shaw
will set your boy or girl up for life
IT IS A CRIME NOW TO BE A NON-PRODUCER
Therefore, do not force your boy or girl into the
criminal class by failing to provide them with proper training.
DAY AND EVENING SESSIONS
THROUGHOUT THE YEAR
H. C. fUFPIN, Prin. R. J. SPROTT, B. A., Manager
W. H. FENTON, Ii C. P., Prin. Pitman Shorthand Dept.
Ladies' and Men's
Tailoring
Made-to-order Suits at reasonable prices;
latest importations direct from England.
LANGTRY THE TAILOR
322 Hastings Street West
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SHIPYARD EMPLOYEES
Why pay street car fare and
put up with strap hanging?
Ride a Bicycle
Buy the best*—a Massey-
Harris or an Indian
DROP IN AND SEE THE
"CHIEF" THIS EVENINC4 OR
TOMORROW AFTERNOON
W. H. Morrison
108 Hastings Street East
OBJECTIVE GAINED
E
Grand Charge of Political
Brigade Upon the
Pie Counter
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
With Skirts to the Right of
Them and Skirts to the
Left of Them
Following is thu completo return presented
the House of Commons recently in reply to
a series of questions presented by Mr. II. ll.
Stevens, M. P. for Vancouver Centre, in regard to tbo operation of tbe Military HoBpi-
tills Commission in British Columbia. Striking featuros include tho atatement that of
tbo UfJfi members of tho staff employed* on
March 81 last, only 50 had 'beon overseas,
and that thc monthly cost of looking after
1080 in:jii reaches the big total of $6G,727.,24.
Tha following are the questions and answers in full J ,    ,,
Question No. 1—How many persons of all
ranks urn employed by the Military Hospitals
Commission in British Columbia, and what
are tlieir names, ranks and salaries!
Answer—On the 31st of March, 1918, boing tho date on which all military hospitals,
other than sanatoria, were transferred to the
department of Militia and Defence, tho total
staff of tho Military Hospitals Commission
in British Columbia was 368, as follows, with
name, rank and salary por month:
J. S. Harvey, major, officer commanding,
$288.70: P. King, Lieut.-Adjt., $148.80; C.
V. McDonald,, Capt., $166.25; F. A. Higgs,
Sergt., Ord. room, 99.20; J. Beckwith, Sorgt.
ord. room, $100.75; J. Davey, Sergt. ord.
room, $93.00; A. G. Harrison, Sergt. ord.
room, $85.25; R. E. Ault, architect's office,
(aergt.), $99; C. E. Falukner, Sergt. ord.
room, $85.26; J. A. Anderson, Sergt. ord.
room, $93; Jt. Slnglehurst, Sergt. ord. care
mall, $62; T. Watson, Sorgt. ord. room, $93;
F. W. H. Giolma, Sergt. ord. room, $93; A.
Henry, Sergt. ord. room, $93; W. G. Brad-
shaw, Sergt. ord. room, $85.25; W. Mclndoe,
Sergt. ord. room, $93; J. Rowley, Sergt. ord.
room, $93; A. Little, assist.-Kf.rgt. ord. room,
$62; W. E. Sandy, corpl. ord. room, $93; B.
Jaubin, corpl. ord. room, $87; T. Greenwell,
lance-corpl. ord, room, $85.25; A. Murdoch,
l'te. ord. room, $85.25; A. T. Monslos, Pte.
ord. room, $69.75; Loster, Pte., chauffeur,
$85.25; F. L. Gerard, Pte. ord. room, $93;
F. Bowers, Pte. ord. room, $85.25; W. S.
Ritchie, Pto. ord room, $93; A. Pitts, Pte.
ord. room, $85.25; J. Townsend, Pte. $59.10;
W. Turner, Pto. ord. room, $34.10; Miss B.
Walton, stenographer, $70; Miss M. B. Kidd,
stonographer, $70; Miss E. Sadller, stenographer, $60; Miss M. H. Scott, stenographer,
$55; Miss G. M. Burton, stenographer, $55;
Miss A. Olding, stenographer, $50; Miss E,
Frasor, stenographer, $50; Miss M. W. Powers, stenographer, $50; Miss M. P. Palmer,
copyist, $40; A. E. Craddock, Copt, paymaster, $208.95; M. A. AdaniB, Sergt. pay dept.,
$99.20; W. B. Barton, Sorgt. pay dept., $93;
J. N. Forsyth, Sergt. pay dept., $85.25; S.
P. Longley, Sergt. pay dept., $85.25; H. C.
Osborne, pay dept., $93; J. E. Bailey, A.-
Sergt. pay dept, $93; J. Robertson, A.-Sergt.
pay dept., $93; Miss K. Wheutley, stenographer, $70; Miss E. Bromloy-Jnbb, stenographer, $60; Mrs. E. Sharp, stenographer. $55;
.1. W. Thomson, Sergt. P. D. pay, $85.25; A.
W. Webb, C. S. M., P. D. pay, $93; A. G.
Reid, Pte. P. D., pay, $62; Miss T. Looming,
stenographer, $55; P. N. Welch, Sergt. acct,
dept., $93; C. G. Thorno, corpl. acct. dept.,
$02; Miss K. Auvacho, stenographer, $70;
Miss tt. Barry, stenographer. $70; Miss K.
McOluro, copyist, $80; D. C. McGregor, Capt.
Qtr.-Mstr., $208.95; Denison, Sergt., $99.20;
W. J, Coltman, Sergt., $93; A. Anderson, C.
Q. M. G., $85.25; A. .T. Honrston, Sergt.
$85.25; L. P. Collins, Sergt. $85.25; 8. 0.
Bootham.'Pte. clerk, $62; Mrs. M. Qulnn,
stenograph ir, $70; Mrs. E. Hedsloy, stenographer, $55; Miss M. A. Lawson, stenographer, $50.
Headquarters, Vancouver
A. P. Procter, major, med. officer, $257.70;
A. S. Monro, major, med. officer, $257.70; R.
Boucher, capt. mod. officer, $208.95; H. E.
Stafford, S. M., med. orderly, $118.85; H. N.
Atkinson, asst-sergt. ord. room, $85.25; D.
Thomas, asst. sorgt. chauffeur, $93; F. E.
Gregory, nsst. sergt. $98; Miss I. Comlskoy,
stenographer, $60; Mrs. K. Pegram, stenographer, $60; Mrs. Snell, stenographer, $60;
R. R. Carter, corpl. ord. room and caretaker,
$87; Miss If.  Bonsor, housekeeper, $50.
Military Annex, Vancouver
M. Beck, lieutenant 0. C, $133.30; G. E.
Gillies, major M. 0., C. A. M. C,; R. T. W.
Herald, capt.,*M. 0., 0. A. M. C.; E. North,
R. S. M. ward master, $141,60; I. McLaren,
C. S. M., roentgenologist, $18.60; H. Shard-
low, sergt. assist, ward master, $96.30; T.
Marsden, act.-sergt. asst. ward master.
$96.30; A. Griffen, act.-sergt. asst. ward
master, $96.30; E. Fletcher, act.-sergt. asst,
ward master, $96.30; W. Gray, act.rsergt.
night orderly. $71.50; W. D. Robson, act.-
sergt. mad. offlce. $71.30; A. J. Denis, act-
sergt. $96.30; P. Brown, act.-sergt. asst.
ward master, $96.30; J. E. Costollo, act.-
sergt. $46.50; W. Kolly, ad.-sergt.. $71.30.
Shaughnessy
Cooper, major officer in command, $257.70;
J. A. P. Crompton, captain, $208.95; R. W.
Cameron, serft. act. C. S. M., $105.60; J. D.
Perdue, sergt. orderly room, $96.30; F. Har-
fleld, R. M. 8., senior N. C. 0., $102.50; F.
W. Curtis, private clerk, $71.30; Halpln,
privato clerk, $71.30; A. Fraser, stenographer, $34.10; Mrs. D. Arnold, stenographer,
$70; Miss M. Duff-Stuart, stenographer, $60;
A. Markman, lient.-col. ground supt., $75;
Miss C. W. Merritt, supt. soldiers' comforts,
$60; Miss McKay, stenographer, $50.
Medical Staff
Mrs. R. Miller, nurse, $60; D. O'Connor,
nursing sister. $60; Mrs. C. Bowes, nurse,
$60; Miss Whlttaker, nurse, $60; Miss B.
Hird, ward maid, $35; Miss E. Blbhey, ward
maid, $35; Miss F. Stevens, ward mold, $35;
Mrs. B. S. Frasor, ward maid. $35; Miss N.
Woodman, ward maid, $35; Miss M. Godfrey,
ward asst., $15: Miss A. G. Hope, ward asst.,
$15; Miss M. Henderson, ward asst., $15; H,
Hinitt. act.-sergt. dork. $71.30; B. Sutton,
C. S. M., P. T. instr., $80.80; R. Sears, pte.,
masseur, $82.25; A. Smith, lite., $57.35;
MIsb A. Mlllingtnn, masseuse, $60; Miss A
Woolard,   muss use,   $78.25.
Kitchen Staff
D. Montgomery, cook, $100; C. Bush,
cook's helper, $55; Miss A. Rosier, kitchen
maid, $40; Miss B. Hlackatl, kitchen maid,
$30; Miss E. Hansford, kitchen maid, $30;
Miss II. Ward, kitchen maid. $30; Miss M.
McDowell, kitchen maid, $30; Miss Cook,
kitchen maid, $110; Mrs. Robinson, dietitian,
$65; Miss J. N. Trapp, pupil dietitian, $50;
R. A. Haddock, pte., dietitian asst., $70;
Miss J. Corson, waitress, $80; Miss E. Dnley,
waitress, $80; Miss 0. Tusiy, waitress, $30;
Mrs. M. Forsyth, waitress. $30; Mr. Wells,
engineer, $100; E, Trantor, pte,, asst. eng.,
$60; R. C. Graday, pie., orderly, $34.10;.A.
R, Wise, pte., storekeeper, $71,80; Miss A.
Mason, general cleaner, $30; Miss L. Wiley,
linen maid, $30; Mrs, Atkinson, seamstress,
$15.
Fairmont
W. B. Shaw', major, $207.70; A. Borland,
C. S. M., $105.00; D. M. Baxter, A. C. S. M„
$65,80j Verran. asst.-sergt., $46.50; H. A.
i Copley, sergt.. $55.80; D. Flntnerfelt, asst.-
• sergt., $46.50; G, Harrison, stenographer,
}$60;   L.   Firman,  stenographer,  $50;   J. H.
NOW IS THE TIME!
Buy Clothing by Name—Fit-Rite and Jonah-Prat Go Hand-in-Hand — Good
Clothes—Reasonable Prices—Better Service
Today you cannot afford to experiment. The importance of value has increased—it has become vital. Dollars must be used with utmost discretion—
every purchase must accomplish the utmost in UTILITY.
Our clothes—the choice of the thrifty—are now everybody's necessity. Big
Bargain specials at our store that save you real money. .
BOYS—A dandy watch with every Suit sold over $8.00 in price. Don't
miss this chance to get yourself a good timepiece.
THE JONAH-PRAT CO.
GORDON JONAH
OEO. PRAT
fit-rite parlors       401 Hastings Street West, Corner Homer
Corson, capt., $250; DcsBrisay, asst. matron,
$75; M. Miller, nurse, $00; A. Sutten, nurse,
$60; M. Kelley, nursa, $60; V. Dana, probationer, $20; V. Phair, probationer, $20; E.
C. Dalton, probationer, $20; J. H. McLean,
probationer, $20; F. A. Nicholson, probationer, $20; E. M. Simpson, masseuse, $60; M.
C. Dudley, masseuse, $60; A. Simpson, sergt.,
$77.50; J. Burnett, cook, $60; L. A. Mildred,
cook helper, $40; N. M. Campbell, cook helper, $30; A. Dugdole, cook helper, $30; M.
Duncan, kitchen maid, $30; M. Temple, kitchen maid, $30; M. Temple, kitchen maid,
$35; E. Clench, diteitlan, $75; M. Jenkins,
waitress, $30; G. A. Biddlecomh, C. Q. M.
S., $96.30; F. Newbigan, pantry maid, $30;
W. E. Ivey, engineer, $90; D. Jones, pte.,
$60; A. F. Sandall, carponter, $50; B. Bond,
lined maid, $30; Jones, pte, $60.
Esquimau
J.Rylands, C. S. M., ward master asst.,
$55.80; A. BarneB, A.-C. S. M. ward master
asst., $105.60; R. W. Tippor, sergt. ward
master asst., $93; MiJledge, asst. aergt. gardener, $71.50; J. T. Lambert, pte. ord., $87;
M. McCall, pte. ord., $34.10; G. Wilson, pte.
ord., $87; A. Enisley, pts, ord., $34.10; W.
Brown, pte. ord., $88.90; F. J. Morriman,
pte., $46.50; E. Haskell, Dr. res. supt., $325;
C. D. Holmes, Dr., M., 0„ $125; 0. M. Jones,
Dr., con surgeon, $155; Miss K. W. Ellis,
matron, $85; Miss E. Egerton, nurse, $60;
Miss P. Ross, nurse, $60; Miss H. Turner,
nurse, $60; Miss Waddlngton, nurse, $60;
Miss J. D. Stirling, prob., $30; Miss E. His-
cocks, prob., $30; Miss N. Planta, prob.,
$80; R. A. Scott, corpl. clerk, $46.50; Mrs.
It. major, masseuse, $60; Mrs. C. Gerard,
massfuse, $60; R. E. McMlnn, sergt. P. T.
instr., $102.50; Miss A. McKay, stenographer, $70; Miss Tread way. cook, $70; E.
Harrison, pte. 2nd cook, $66.85; Miss A.
Orogson, 2nd cook, $45; Mrs. A. Willey, kitchen maid, $30; Miss E. Taylor, housemaid,
$30; Montgomery, oorp, butcher, $62; A.
Wngstnff, corp., butcher, $62.
Quallcum
The Hon. B. U. Aylmor, nipt., $208.95; A.
W. Feather, A.-S. M., $106.60; P. S. McKenzie, nsst. sergt., $52.70; ll. M. Mcintosh,
sergt., $55.80; T. W. Gunnl, S. M„ $93; H.
May, corp., $46.50; M. I. Scott, stenographer,
$60; C. Davidson, med. officer, $250; H.
O'Brien, matron, $7(5; 11. Cunllffo, nurse,
$60; M. McCulIough, nurse, $60; D. Rogers,
nurse, $60; M. R. Kurd, nurse, $60; Mahol
Rogers, nurse, $60; A, McKay, probationer,
$30; E. Cunningham, probationer, $30; A.
Innes, probationer, $30; G. Daw, probationer,
$30; F. Holreys, probationer, $30; M. Kendall, wardmaid, $35; K. Kendall, wardmaid,
$35; H. Eves, wardmaid, $35; C. Wilson,
masseuse, $60; P. Irving, masseuse, $60; D.
Westlake, masseuse, $60; M. L. Thwaites,
masseuse, $60; G. Tucker, P. T. intsr.,
$46.50; H. F. Ponsford, engineer, $100; D.
E. JonoB, pte., $60; J. P. Murphy, pto.,
$49.60; W. Craig, pte., $46.50; M. Aubrey,
linen maid, $35; F. Smith, cook, $50; McRae, kitchen maid, $35; J. Kuhn, kitchen
maid, $35.
Btstlumn
F. B, EdwardeB, major, $257.70; F. T.
Wright, 0. S.-M., $96.80; A. E. Joplln, asst.-
sergt., $96.30; E. A. Williamson, C. Q. M. 8.,
$52.70; E. McAdam, sergt., $46.50; E. Edwards, corpl., $40.60; W. G. Mulligan, stenographer, $45; E. M. Pears?, med. officer,
$250; B. Marsden, matron, $75; E. Bonsall,
nurse, $60; B. Bradshaw, nurse, $60; M.
Sangster, nurse, $60; E. O'Brien, nurse,
$60; K. Cockerell, nurse, $60; B. Halhed,
probationer, J(30; G. Joy, probationer, $80;
E. Taylor, probationer, $30; Howatt. sergt.,
$77.50; Charlton, masseuse. $60; E. E. Carr,
masseuse, $60; P. E. Wordrop, masseuse,
$60; W. Peel, engineer, $85; Patterson, L.-
Corp., $60; W. F. Allen asst.-sergt., $45; G.
Irons, pte., $60; J. Crooks, lance-corp.,
$46.»0; J. Blackwood, housemaid, $80; L.
Kuhn, cook, $70; M, Home, 2nd. cook, $45.
Balfour
G. E. Shaw, capt.-odjt., $178.80; W. Miller, asst. ward master, C. S. M„ $105,60; A.
G. Will, asst. C. S. M., $87; G. C, Holmwood,
bookkeeper, $65; Miss M. Hurst, stenographer, $45; E. H. OlBen, capt., M. C, $208.95;
Dr. F. J. Kenny, asst. M. 0„ $150; Miss A.
M. Forest, matron, $75; Miss A. L. Boggs,
nurse, $60; Miss J. Cochrane, nurse, $60;
Miss M. Cochrane, nurse, $60; M. Tanton,
nurse, $60; G. Watts, nurse, $60; F. Johnston, nurse, $60; F, Whittone, nurse, $00;
H. Hnsoler. cook, $90; Mrs. Hoseler, 2nd
cook, $45; J. Grisenthwalt, pte., 2nd cook,
$41.85; Miss C. Ringrose, kitchen maid, $30;
J. A. Wondley, kitohen boy, $34.10; Miss M.
Patterson, waitress, $30; Mrs. McLean, maid,'
$30; E. M. Gorrard, maid, $30; Currie, chief
engineer, $100; W. Bloor, day fireman, $50;
H. Lumb, fireman, $50; J. Peachey, night
fireman. $50; W. Rigby, C. Q. M. S„ hoist-
man, $65; G. MoKano, carpenter, $65; R.
Hopkins, plumber, $80; J. Thomas, stall
boy, $34.10; Miss C. Emory, hous?maid. $30;
T. Haddart, gardener, $50; C. W. Wlllett.
laborer, $50; Wing Ah, laundry man, $40;
ftang Dor, laundry,man, $40; Joe Ah, laundry man, $40.
Sundry Hospitals Staff
W. S. Borton, lieut., $163.80; B. Y. Prls-
moll, lance-corp,, orderly room sergt., $46.50;
T. Bonnell, cflpt., M, 0., $208.95; W. S. Atkinson, sergt., $71.50. '
Tranqullle Sanatorium
W. G.  Mario-A1,  acting company sergt.-major, $62.
Vocational Branch Instructors
H. E. Baker, instructor, $111.80; J. Bain,
instructor, $85; Birdwhlstlo, instructor,
$125; C. S. Brown, $60; J. H. Bullock, instructor, $74.60; W. D. Burk, instructor,
$134.10; H. Cornay,  instructor,  $74.60;  0.
F. Dawson, instructor, $125; R. F. Goldfinch, instructor, $125; H. C. Harris, instructor. $125; Julien, janitor, $10; L. Lupton,
Instructor, $115; Mrs. L. Little, Instructor,
$75; M. McConnell, instructor, $90.10; J. J.
McKim, instructor, $185; J. B. O'Connor, Instructor, $50; A. W. Parker, instructor,
$160; W. A. Patterson, Instructor, $175; H.
Pntiason, instructor, $110; J. E. Phillips, Instructor, $15.50; W. A. R. Stacey, instructor. $80; A. Thomas, clerk, $90.10; J. A.
Tllley, instructor, $100; F. Wllcnck, instructor, $140; A. H. Webb, instructor, $140; L.
Wharton, instructor, $31; D. A. Suttie, instructor, $125; Miss Miller, instructor, $100;
H. N. Atkinson, Instructor, $100; H. B. Newman, instructor, $125.
Vocational Staff
G. Burton, stenographer, $85; C. W. Clark,
clerk, $90; F. J; Dawson, lieut., act. dlst. V.
0., $200; G. H. Deane, D. V. 0., $260; E. F.
Fentherston, stenographer, $80; R. W. Norman, clerk, $80; L. L. Johnston, lieut., F.
0., $203.30; D. Rider, clerk, $25; J. Toplle,
stenographer, $75; J. A. Watson, lieut., act,
dlst. V. 0., $188.80; R. P. Foster, lieut., F.
0., $203.30; C. W. Cropp, pie., clerk, $31.
Question No. 2—Why woro thoy appointed and where are thoy itationid?
Answer—Tho staff as shown In roply to
Question No. 1, was appointed to provido for
the administration, pay, medical treatment
and vocational, training of the returned disabled nnd other returned overseas soldiers
The said staff was stationed at the unit headquarters of the commission, and In the hospitals and sanatoria thereof as Indicated In the
answer to Question No. 1.
Question No. 3.—How many of these men
have sjen aervice at the front?
Answer—Fifty, so far as can be obtained
from the record ot Ottawa.
Question No. 4.—Who Is tho senior official
of the Military Hospitals Commission In Bri
tish Columbia)
Answer—Major J. S. Harvey.
Question No. 5.—What Is the total monthly cost of carrying on the work of the commission in British Columbia, and how many
men are being looked after at present 1
Answer— (a) The average monthly cost
for eleven months ending February, 1918,
was $05,727.24, (b) The number of men
under the care of the Military Hospitals
Commission in British Columbia on March 2,
th? date of the last return, was 1080.
Question No. 6—How many buildings are
operated by the Militnry Hospitals Commission In British ('nl.nn bio and where are
they situated?
Answer—(n) The institution directly
operated by tbe Military Hospitals Commission (name changed to Invalided Soldiers'
Commission) In British Columbia on the 31st
of March, 1918, and which after that date
are being operated by the Mllltla department
are ns follows: Esquimau, Fairmont, Quallcum, Shstighn JBsy, Resthoven. (b) The following sanatorium was on the 31st of March
and continues to bc operated by thc Invalided
Soldiers' Commission: Balfour Military Convalescent Hospital, (c) In addition to the
foregoing the Invalided Soldiers' Commission
was, on the 31st of March, lining the following institutions In which administrative, disciplinary and medical staffs, Indicated fn the
answer to Question No. 1, wero employed:
Military Annex, Vancouver; Tronquillo Sanatorium, Royal Inland Hospital. Kamloops;
Victoria Private Hospital, Victoria; Queen
Victoria Hospital, Rovelstoko; Halcyon Hot
Springs Hospital, Halcyon; St. Joseph's
Hospital. Victoria; Kootenay Lake Goneral
Hospital, Nelson; Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale; Nanalmo General Hospital,
Nanaimo; Summerland Hospital, Summer
Innd; Public Hospital for the Insane, Now
Westminster; Isolation Hospital, Victoria;
Harrison Hot Springs Sanatorium. Harrison
Hot Springs; Sunny view Sanatorium, Kam-
loops: St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver;
Royal Columbian Hospital, New Westminster; Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital,
Victoria; Fernie Hospital. Fernio; Victoria
Orthopaedic Gymnasium, Victoria.
Question No. 7—How many offlcors from
headquarters in Ottawa found It necessary
to visit the Pacific const during tho past
year,  and for what purpose 1
Answer—Captain W. L. Symmnns, officer
In charge of works, In connection with
buildings nnd increased acc-4 imodatlon for
r|turned Invalided soldiers; Mr. D. F. Grahame,  ehlof engineer works branch,  In con-
Vancouver Port Had Good
«*«**«    *******    *******    ******
Recotd Duiing Past Yeai
Despite tho material decrease in deep sea tonnage occasioned by the commandeering of large freighters of more than one line, notably tho Blue Funnel line,
by the British government for service on the Atlantic, and the cessation of'shipments to tlio port of Vladivostok occasioned by the political changes in Bussia,
the dcei> sea tonnage in and out of this port during the past year compares very
favorably with that of 1916. The coastwise tonnage showed a very fair excess
over 1916.
With the releasing of many freighters which have been commandeered for some
time tho prospects are that the port will experience a record year during tho
next ten months. A few days ago the first of the Blue Funnol liners, recently
released for trans-Pacific service, visited the port and this line will probably
follow a regular schedule during the coming year.
The following statistics, compiled by tho Customs department, will show the
record of tbo port for 1916 and .1917:
Coastwise, 1916
In.
January    194,844
Februury  :     194,531
March     230,771
April
Muy 	
Juno	
July	
August 	
Sootembor
October....
November
247,642
310,852
300,562
316,070
317,029
312,921
289,637
267.231
Donembor ~"Z   201*933
Out.
225,363
230,324
268,780
255,957
302,329
415,822
257,438
340,750
329,672
321,203
292,830
290,214
Coastwise, 1917
In.
242,883
237,066
262,018
259,483
333,033
200,958
305,777
236,071
287,914
277,505
292,432
277,022
Out.
282,687
243,060
289.738
280,256
328,483
343,314
315,901
383,159
309,990
324,532
313,381
285,200
3,244,023    3,530,694    3,313,422    3,
Dcop Sea, 1916 Deep 8oa,
January .
February \' ""      gj1
In.
137,090
March
April	
Muy	
June	
July	
August	
September .
October 	
November ..
December ...
152,202
160,102
156,237
180,360
197,143
168,596
183,411
103,486
172,231
184,932
Out.
137,617
131,461
123,795
156,382
102,162
139,715
170,633
144,080
159,453
132,048
140,820
149,552
In.
143,421
133,223
176,440
154,160
163,509
172,559
139,897
174,953
175,439
180,572
150,058
165,000
,709,070
1917
Out.
121,900
132,630
145,251
110,560
102,039
120,454
121,185
159,221
123,047
140,283
121,079
135,500
1,907,815    1,752,725    1,929,231    1,599,777
SHALL OUR QIRLS ATTEND
COLLEGE IN WAR TIMES?
Tho danger of forgetting the futuro while
planning for tho presont is not as great today as it was threo yeara ago. The shook
of war has given birth to a finer and broader conosption of the true functions of a nation and thot very conception compels a
masterly survey of the futuro.
Tho worid has not bocome pooror In
spirit during the torrlblo years just paaaed.
Neithor must it becomo poorer in its ability ond willingness to plan for the highest
welfare of those who will come on to the
stage of action tomorrow.
It is o wonderful heritage and, withal, an
appalling one that tho presont generation is
preparing for tlio nest and tho loast we
can do for those who nre to inhorit our
mistakes and our glorious achievements Ib
to equip them as well as possible for their
responsibilities. For that reason wo must
plan mors wisely today than ovor beforo
for tbo education of those who aro to become
the mon nnd women of tomorrow. Thoy cannot think grent thoughts and undertake great
tasks unless thoy have been prepared for
thoso things through education. What that
education shall bo rests entirely with us.
There is an impulse, in somo quarters,
to regard attendance at college as a wartime luxury which Bhould bu eliminated in
order that the timo and energy demanded
for colloge work may be dovotod to war
work. If it oan bo shown that war work
suffers because our girls attond aolloga then,
of course, some remedy must he applied.
Hut it must bo a remedy which doos not
rob the future. Tho probability is that
some woman who belongs to today is not
doing her full share of war work.
Facts In tho cose prove that the college
girl is not a slacker in war work. Moro
than thnt she performs more wnr work and
bettor war work than sho would do away
from college. Most important of all, she
doos this at a distinct gain for herself in
character growth and womanliness—thingB
that ore indispensable for the future. This
personol gain comes because the discipline
of war work vitalizes the college work and
translates it into terms of actual living In
a way that was nover true of college work
in tho past.
Trained thinkers and disciplined workers
ore in demand today—the supply is not
overabundant. Tho demand In the future
will bo even greater. Has any one the
right to provide for this demand 1 An Oxford woman who speaks with authority
says: "The work of education must go
on . . . If wo sacrifice thn standards for
which we havo striven in tho past wo ar?
more truly defeated than If they {the Germans) had marched from end to end of
our land." Surety England is qualified to
speak tha final word on this subject. She
knows tho stress and strain of war, the
valuo of war work and the valuo of on
education. She has found a woy to combine war-work and college training—to insure sano thoughts and actions fn the future.    Her verdict Is "School as usual."
Cull-go girls have replaced men in work.
Would they have dono this at homo! At
both English and Canadian colleges tho
girls have taken ovor tho care of tho colloge grounds, thus releasing tho gardeners
for military service. Thoy have propared,
planted and tended gardens for soldiers'
wives and hy the end of term time tho gardens   were   in   shone   to   require   but  little
attention from the owners.   They havo taken
comforts for shipping overseas sent by various centres. Thoy have contributed generously to various funds and havo obtained
thia money from their own allowances or
Si. yohmta.py, "Honing. One well-known
WjH ^ho.01 ,or KirlB *n Canada has
adopted" from six to ten families evory
r?r L,,ihe v", and has supplied tho underfed children with an excellent milk. They
nave tho satisfaction of knowing that children who aro now Btrong and healthy would
in all probability have fallen in the struggle
against undorfoedlng. Almost a thousand
dollars has  been rolsod for this   particular
English college girls havo united In the
tiirl s Patriotic Union" ond hove established the "Star and Garter Fund." Thoy
have contributed five thousand pounds sterling to build and equip a sot of rooms ot
the Star and Garter Houso at Richmond for
soldiers and sailors totally disabled by tho
war. Two motor ambulances hnvo also been
given by this union and substantial sums
contributed to relief funds. It is not at all
unreasonable to say thot theso examples of
war work by college girls outrange in valuo
thc war work of girls of the same ego and
rank working ot home.
Benefit to the girls themselves Is important. Tho systematic sacrifice of leisure
and luxuries has made the girls 'quick to
s?c and improve opportunities. It has mado
them moro systematic, more self-controlled
and, at the same timo, has provided useful
outlets for their activities. It has lifted
tho girls out of themselves and caused them
to exercise their Ingenuity. Above everything else it hns tnught Hi -m tho value of
co-operation nnd team work—things that are
Indispensable to successful living Inter on
nnd which could not be gninod in uny other
way than by working with thoBe of their
own oge engaged in similar occupations and
subject to the some discipline.
While our girls nre nttonding college they
aro performing Invaluable war sorvico ond
nre laying brood and deep foundations for
efficiency and helpfulness when they shall
have come into their inheritance—the future.
***
"THE    ETERNAL    MAGDALENE"
At tbe Empress Next Week
"The Eternal Magdalene" was written
by Robert McLaughlin, ond its production
in tha large theatrical centres in the east
has created tbe most profound impression
of any drama of recent yoars. It tolls the
story of a campaign carriad on by well-
meaning citizens of a fair-sized American
city to wipe out the so-called vies district
which has flourished in its midst for years.
The fact that they hove delegated to themselves tho right to sit in solemn judgment
on their fellow* croauros, no matter what
their own fitness may be, dues not make
itself known to them until a woman—a
Nameless Womnn—seeks employment in the
house of the loader of tho crusade and in
the subsequent scries of events this crusade
leader discovers that his own son Is n
thief, nnd that his own daughter is among
the fallen. ***
motion with heating of buildings operated
by the Military Huspitols Commission command; Mr. W. E. Segsworth, vocational administrator, in connection with vocational
work carried on by the commission in Hritish Columbia; Mr. Norman L. Senior, publicity agent, in connection with publicity work
generally and the procuring of motion pictures covering the work of the commission
for Ioctures amongst the soldiers In England and France, as well as for use at the
Intor-Alliod conference In London, England,
In May, 1916, and for general exhibition
purposes in Canada; Mr. H. A. Kennedy,
editorial secretary. In consultation with
provincial organizations for the distribution
of lantern slides, lectures and other information in connection with problems of the re-
tamed soldier generally.
Question No. 8—Has tho Militnry Hns-
lituls Commission a regularly appointed pub-
icily agent 1 If so, what Is bis name, and
ivhot  are his duties i
Answer—Yes. Normal L. Senior. His
duties are tbe preparation of and supplying tn the Canadian pross and othors information pTtaintng to the work carried on
by the Invalided Soldiers' Commission, particularly with respect to the rc-odnratinn
and employment of returned disabled soldiers, the editing.of a monthly bulletin nnd
other literatim Issued from time tn time
by the commission, the furnishing tn Canadian and foreign newspapers nnd magazines.
cuts and rending mattor pertaining to Canadian methods of dealing with the r-lurnod
soldier problem, for which thero is nn ever-'
Insting demand.
The preparation of moving picture films
showing Cnnndinn methods of denling with
roturned disabled Koldiers, their vocational
training nnd re-education. Thoso films ore
boing secured for use particularly in England and France to stimulate In tho Canadian soldior overseas his interost In his subsequent re-establishment In civil life on return to Canada.
Quostion No.9 —Has ho soon overseas service, and what Is his salary f
Answer—No. Norman L. Senior Is a momber of the Canadian Expeditionary Force
ond was transferred to tho Military Hospitals Commission command owing to his peculiar qualifications and fitness for the
position to which he has been nppointed.
His salary Is $200 per month.
Question No. 10—What was tho total cost
of the public  department during   19171
Answer—-$21,687.89 for tho , fiscal year
1917-1918. It Is not possible to give tho
exact cost of the work exclusively carried
on undor Mr. Senior's direction, sh the accounts as classified in the books of the
commission under tho bonding. "Publicity
Department," include not only tho foregoing, but all costs incurred In the preparation nnd distribution nf lantern slides, which
nro used extensively In Y.M.C.A. huts In
England and Frnnce, by transport offlcors. In
receiving depots, etc., also local Canadian
communities with n view to securing the
re-establishing tn civil life of tho returned
soldior, tho translation of French. Ooiman,
Italian and Belgian publications relating to
tho treatment and rehabilitation of tho sol-
dlor, the preparation and distribution nf
posters and ofh *>r literature Informing Canadian soldiers In hospitals overseas and In
Cnnndn the provision being made for his
ro-establlshmont fn civil life.
NEW YORK.—Bishop James W. Bash-
ford, says In an interview, that 150,000
Chinese aro aiding the Allies In France. Uf
these 25,000 ar; Chinese troops fighting fn
tho trenches.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.—Twenty-nlne defendants, charged with conspiracy to violate the neutrality of the United .States
through plots to foment revolt againBt British rule fn India were found guilty In a
verdict announced by a grand jury in the
Unltod States federal court,
WASHINGTON—A bill designed to crush
out the I. W. W. has been approved by a
Sonote judiciary sub-committee. The bill
would make such organizations unlawful,
providing for ten years' imprisonment and
95,000 flne for membership, management,
circulating of their literature, advocacy of
their doctrines or rental of rooms for
meetings.
Defective Eyes
and Death
_ Dr. James McIIoiil, a
captain in the British
army and eye-examiner
for a recruiting hoard,
states in the British Medical Journal that of six
chauffeurs examined hy
him recently, four of them
had had accidents, at least
one of these having resulted in death. He urges
that all persons applying
for licenses to drive cars
bc subjected to rigid optical examination, and this
be repeated once a year.
(J This is one phase of
the danger of defective
oyes. But thore aro
many phases. The dan-
ger to health is over
prosent with defectivo
oyes. But tho defective
oyes    aro    easily    cor-
rectcd	
Tho      propor      glasses
ground   to  remedy  tho
defect  rovcalod  by au
expert examination.
q Muy I servo yout
Sermour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Oranrille Optical Oo,
619 OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Drj-dili's
Regular $4,50
Crepe de Chine
Blouses at $2.98
It is rarely that we find a
bargain aB good as this.
Blouses of heavy, washable
crepe de chine that we can
sell at such a little price.
We did find this one and
will share it with you.
Strong, heavy crepe de chine,
all have either a delicate touch
of hand - worked embroidery
whero it looks beat or a bit of
tho new boad trimming, A few
have fine tucked fronts. All are
hemstitched and hnve the new
collars. White, pink, maize,
flesh, old rose
Reg. $4.60 for .
$2.98
Saba Bros.
Limited
Vhe Silk Specialists
852 OBANVILLE STBBIT
A Good
Workman
—does not blamo hia toote, because he knows good tools from
bad, and you will nover find a
poor tool in his kit.
He is as careful in their selection as a buyer of diamonds.
Their shape, their tcfciper, their
finish, is a matter of painstaking
consideration.
He is quick to recognize hot
air and shoddy talk on the part of
tho salesman, and ho nover forgives a shop that succoeds in putting ono over on him.
That Is why our reputation
among workmon is so high. Wo
know good tools, and wo sell only
tho best. COME IN AND HAVE
A TALK WITH US.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
Union Shop
Tie Tool Exports
339 Hastings St. W. near Homer
C0FFE1
Its Delightful Flavor
satisfies the most exacting taste.
Sold in the new Conservation  Package  at
40c lb.
Order it from your
grocer today.
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Kutlmgi BtrMt Wilt
AN    EFFICIENT   SEBVIOE,   ALWAYS
AVAILABLE.
Spunking ot tho grunt telephone system
of tho Unltod States, Theodora Vail said:
"Its essential feature Is preparedness."
Just think how this applies uven In
British Columbia. Whenever you want to
tolephono, you will flnd It always ready
for you; should Interruption occur to the
service It is soon removed; day In, day
out, night and at all times, you can talk
near and far. The great co-operative
faotor Is the supervising force behind
the scones,
"The essential characteristic/ of the
telephone is service."
B. 0. Telejtorat Oompany, Ltd.
THE LONDON GRILL
7-V.?   HOBSON SJ OmnUL   FAME   VABCOVTEB
mra* i» LAioi ooraon,
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiu run umn
hot aaa- I
or uaoi fl
TENTH YEAR.   No. 18
TWELVE PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1918
ita Tanrnn
\ our, >a.w I
$1.50 PER YEAR
Fashion-Craft
Quality Clothes
Direct from the fountain head of Men's Fashions.
Lots of patterns to choose from. Fit, position and
shape retaining to the end.
«
Do you want to be well dressed; if so, for your
next suit try—
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Look for the Two Beaia
LOCOMOTIVE engineers who guide tho
big Moguls and Mallots over the humming rails need, and must have, the very
best in OvorallB. In TWIN BUTE Overalls
Ihey find their ideul garments. Those are
tear-proof and rip-proof. Mado of American
SUM drill, in bluo or black, fast dyo, with
white stripe, thoy outwear othor brands. They
aro roomy, comfortable, havo six pockets
with three extra pockets for rule, pencil and
watch. Pockots and fly aro tacked, all seams
ara double-stitchod, suspenders aro tho detachable, elastic, cross-back oven measure
type, with non-slip hooks. With coats, If
wanted. Tholr price is very reasonable, At
yonr dealer.
JAS. THOMSON & SONS, LTD.
VANOOUVER
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Your new suit, made
in a "fair" shop, is
here for you, sir!
_ Your suit, smartly designed, well-tailored anc
correct in every way, is here in this great stock
For there is variety here—in pattern as well as
in cut.   Also in size—whether you bc "short'
or "long" or "stout" or "long and stout," 01
"tall and stout."
f About the fit—it is a special point with us. Evcrj
figure has its individual peculiarities whicli a
suit must conform to before it can be perfect
It is an indispensable part of our service that our
expert tailors detect any slight faults in the suit
you select, and correct them.
_ Notwithstanding the scarcity of reliable woollen
fabrics, I am able to assure you that we have a
. big range of dependable materials in most attractive patterns to choose from.
_ And these Correct Clothes arc made in a "fail
shop," by well-paid, white workmen, in light
sanitary surroundings.
'
Extra Trousers-Union Label
We cany a full line of extra trousers in a wide
variety of fabrics—all carrying the union label.
They are most reasonably priced.
9
Correct Clothes at
$15 $19 $23 $27
Lieshman's Extra Fine Clothing
"for the man who cares"
$30 and $35
. D. K. Book
Correct Clothes
117 Hastings West
j
Six Thousand Workingmen
****** ****** ****** «**** ywim ««««««
Employed In Shipbuilding
Past Year Has Shown Remarkable Growth in Shipbuilding: Industry on B.
C. Coast—All Yards Employing Union Labor — Vancouver-built Ships
Now Sailing the Seas—Outlook for Permanency of Industry Is Good
"Six fltoamers launched in April,
If two years ago anybody had suggested such a thing as shipbuilding in
British Columbia to sueh an extent as
to witness six launchings in one month,
well, nobody would have believed it.
But what might have been a vision,
is now a reality.
The last of the April launchings was
tho War Cayuse, from tho Lyall yardB,
North Vancouver, last Saturday ovening. On April 10 the War Cariboo was
launched from the Lyall yard at North
Vancouver and on the following day the
War Comox was launched at New Westminster and tho War Masset at tho
Foundation yard, Victoria. On April 25
tho Coquitlam yard sent in tho War
Tyee and on April 25 tho War Haida
was launched from tho Cameron-Genoa
yard at Victoria.
The history of the progress of the
shipbuilding industry in this province,
and of the yards in Vancouver and vicinity, iB a commercial romance, much of
tho success of which naturally is due to
the war. But it has been so well evidenced that British Columbia is ideally
situated, and has the required resources
of timber in such abundance, that the
end ot the war will not mean tho end
of shipbuilding horo.
The present activity saw its start under tho lato provincial administration.
It undertook to encourage wooden shipbuilding in this provinco by getting be-'
hind local onterpriso with sufficient
governmont guarantee to permit them
to build ships. This programme of ton
ships, let to the Wallace yard in North
Vancouver and tho Cameron-Genoa pooplo in Victoria, was woll on the way
when the bigger programme commenced
and the small beginning has now almost
boon forgotten.
With the growth of tho shipbuilding
industry has grown tho organized Labor
movement in tho various lines of work
connected with shipbuilding, and it is
ostimated that somo 6000 men aro now
employed.
Thero has boen, generally speaking,
excellent corporation as between labor
and employor and, excopt for differences naturally arising with tho tremendous bounds the cost of living has been
taking, all aro working for the maximum production in the various yards,
with tho result that experts arc freo to
♦say that for the types of vessels, _...
better have been turned out anywhere.
This speaks volumes for tho intelli-
gence of the working class hore and for
the proficiency of the men in the Labor
movement, many of whom never bofore
applied their handicraft to the shipbuilding industry.
Tho heaviest part of tho wooden shipbuilding programme, which temporarily
is being completed according to plans
of tho Imperial Munitions board, to devote the yards to a steel programme,
was undertaken during tho past year.
Within that poriod there had sprung up
soveral yards, employing moro than
6000 men, with $35,000,000 to $40,000,-
000 worth of ships under construction
or contracted for. The resulting payroll
has been close to $25,000 a day.
B. O. Vessels Sail the Seas
Of the ships already constructed, 13
of them are sailing the. seas, Bix of
them are at the fitting-out berth at tho
outer wharf of Victoria, and there were
six launchings in April.
The total building programme, government and private, is approximately
78 vessels. This iB exclusive of the
smaller, craft, a number of which aro
turned'out annually. Vancouver's programme is the biggest, with 45 vessels,
30 of wooden construction and 15 steel.
Tho pioneer shipbuilding concern is
tho Wallace Shipyards, Ltd.. of North
Vancouver, which was doing repair
work and somo construction long ber
foro tho shipbuilding boom camo. So
it was natural it should be selected, in
company with tho Victoria yard, to
turn out the first wooden vessels in the
provincial programme. And Wallace's
continued in tho Imperinl programme
afterward, nnd it was to bc expected
this yard would bo tho pioneer in steel
construction also.
. Munitions Board Action
When the Imperial Munitions Board,
represented on this coast by E. P. But-
heart and Capt. J. W. Troup, both of
Victorin, announced that 27 vessels
would bo built in this province for thc
governmont, applications for contracts
woro received by tho score, many concerns expressing their willingness to
branch out into tho shipbuilding industry. When it was furthor announcod
that thc board would furnish tho site,
supply the material, etc., whilo the con-
nonc+tracting firm would only be required to
furnish the labor, the demand for contracts increased. It waB therefore not
without the greatest difficulty that the
contracts were apportioned. The result
was that Vancouver was given contracts
for twelve vessels, and two large shipbuilding yards were at once established,
giving employment to About 3000 men.
The following is how the contracts were
awarded: William Lyall Shipbuilders,
North Vancouver, aix vessels; Western
Canada Shipyards, Vancouver, six vessels; Cameron-Genoa Mills Shipbuilders,
Victoria, six vessels; Foundation Company, Victoria, five vessels; Pacific Construction Company, Coquitlam, two vessels. It is seen that the board added
two vessels to the original number planned.
Tho largest wooden shipbuilding yard
is the Lyall property, formerly the Wallace No. 2 yard on the North Shore. It
is,one of the most up-to-date plants on
the coast. The first launching here was
the War Puget on Feb. 16.
The Western Canada yards, on False
Creek, right in the heart of Vancouver,
are very high-class in construction and
general arrangement. The first ship for
tho Imperial Munitions board launched
on the mainland slid down the ways at
the Western Canada on January 9. This
ship was the War Nootka.
The honor of launching the first munitions board vessel in this province
fell tb the Foundation Company at
Victoria, when the War Songhees was
given her first dip in her natural element on December 27.
Speed at Coughlan's Yards
On January 19 thoy launched the
steol steamer Alaska at the Coughlan
yards. It was the largest steel freighter
ever launched in Canada, Since thon
the sizo and importance of tho Coughlan yard has increased until now by
tho acumon and energy of tho management, it is ranked as tho foremost steel
shipyard in the Dominion. The steamer
Alaska ought to Boon bo carrying cargo
for the* Allies. The programme of steel
vessels at this yard numbers at least
ten, and, according to tho announcement of tho I. M. B., that steel shipB
will be the immediate programme, thc
Coughlan yard no doubt will find it
necessary to expand and to greatly incrcaso its prospective programme.
Value Plus Style-for the
Particular Man
is the backbone of Semi-
ready tailored-to-meas-
ure service; and the apparel-individuality of
thp Semi-ready-clothed
man is easily apparent.
£*mi-r*aftg
Miattb Qlluthw
FOR MEN
for Spring and Summer
1918 embody a wide
range of style-effects,
from the most modish
to the ultra-conservative—at $18 to $60. We
invite you to call and
make comparisons from
every standpoint of
clothes supremacy.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 GRANVILLE STREET
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Small Profit on Drugs
The rapid increase in the price of nearly every
line of Drugs and Sundries has reduced our margin of profit to a minimum, but we still pursue our
policy of Cut-Rate Druggists, and being the largest buyers, can save you money on nearly every
purchase.
Newspapers and Meetings
Suppressed and Jails
Full of Men
[E. F. Mylius in New York Call.]
In a recent letter to a literary friend
in England Rabindrannth Tagoro points
out tho cause of tho rising rcsentmont
felt by Indians against occidental rule:
"Constant conflict," ho writes, "between the growing demand of the educated community of India for a substantial sbaro in the administration of ,
the country and tho spirit of hostility
on tho part of the government has
givon riso among a conBidorablo number of our young men to methods of
violence bred of despair and distrust.
This hus been mot by the government
by a thorough policy of repression. In
Bongal itsolf hundreds of young men
are Interned without trial, a great
number in unhealthy surroundinga, in
jails and in solitary cells, in a few
cases driving tham to insanity and suicide. Tho misery carried into numor
oas households is deep and widespread
What I consider to be tho worst outcome of this iriHisponsiblo policy is tho
spread of the contagion of hatred
against everything western iu minds
which woro free from it."
Tagoro speaks of conditions as they
existed in thc fall of 1917. Still more
reports from India show that disaffection is rife throughout the country, and that the whole land is nearer
revolution than it over haa boon since
thc days of the famous "mutiny."
Since tho advent of British rule, India haB beon obliged to place her resources at the disposal of the conqueror. Although often spoken of as a
colony, in reality she is a vassal empire, bound to render services to her
alien ruler and denied oven the most
elementary rights enjoyed by British
colonies.
Evor since thc war started, and contrary to the oft-repeated statement that
India wus loyal to her ruler, tho government hus exerted the most unusual powers against tho Indian people. Numbers have been deported without trial
and without their offenses being even
mado known to them (tho fact thut
they were interested in tho national
movement and iu thn advancement of
their own interests seems to hnvo been
considered a sufficient crime). Their
property was in many cases confiscated
by tho government and their dependents left to starve in the poverty-
stricken country. Public meetings cun
rarely bo held. Tho 1908 law suppressing public meetings is in full
swing; then thore Is tho press net, the
conspiracy law nnd the rigorous arms
net, which latter has been in operation
since 1857. In tho first year of the
wur moro than 200 newspapers were
suppressed, and tho money deposits of
a number of printing houses have been
confiscated, I .input Hai, u noted loader
of the Indian Nationalists and a director of tho Aryn Hamaj—a grent revivalist und social reform movement—
assorted some time ngo that more than
.'1,000 attests were made in India in tho
(irst year of the war. Even Mrs. Annie
Besant, whose namo is revered throughout the whole of India, nnd who has
always kopt herself aloof from political
controversy, hns been arrested and deported.
OFFICERS OF THE PEDEBATED
LABOB PARTY
President—Gordon     J.     Kelly,
Vancouvor.
Secretary—W. R. Trotter, Labor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treasurer—Miss    Helena    Out-
terldgo. Labor Temple, Vancouver,
Vice-presidents — Vlotoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T,
WcstwoU, South Wellington; Vancouver, K. T. Kingsley, R. H, Neelands; New Westminster, W.
Yates; Prince Rupert, Geo. B.
CaBoy; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; West
Kootonay (south), P. Peiorlil, Nelson; Grows Nest Pass, H, Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Roberts,
Coltern; Slmllkameen, W. Smith,
Hedley.
THE PEDERATEP LABOR
PARTY is organized for the purpose of securing industrial legislation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
tho meHns of wealth production..
The membership fee is fixed at
$1 per year, 50 cents of which
goes to tho central committee for
the purpose of defraying exponsea
of genoral organisation work.
Tho membership roll is open In
each electoral district nnd all persons are Invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse tho object*
of tho organization.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for furthor Informa*
SEATTLE
U. S. ADVERTISED FOR
UNION SHIPYARD MEN
All-union Shop in Puget Sound Shipyard Meant Greater Efficiency
Certnin sections of tho United States
senate shuddered whon it wus announc
ed thnt thc United States employment
service would recruit only union men
for work in Puget Sound shipyards.
Secrotary of Labor Wilson poured oil
on thc troubled wutcrs by this lotter to
Senator Hollis:
"The statement is alleged to have
been made that the officers of thc employment service conducting this re
muting announced to thc public tlint
no ono but union men would bo employed, and sent to the shipyards in Seattle.
This statement is quito correct, but the
senate should know that the shipbuilding compunies in the Fnget Sound district have a written agreement with the
metnl trndes council of that district to
employ no onc but union men. Consequently it would bo useless for any
agency to recruit any lnbor for these
shipyards other than union labor.
'' The shipbuilding companies have
simply agreed to the closed union simp
in that district, and the agreement in
defended by thn shipbuilding compnnies
ami the Seattle chnmbcr bf commerce,
nnd other employers in thnt district ns
ii menture of great efficiency, and the
speed with which the shipbuilding companies in that, district are turning out
ships for the shipping bonrd indicates
thc valuo of the plnn under whicli they
are working."
SEATTLE—Tho Contractors aKHoclnllon
hav signed nn agrecm?nt with Electrical
Workers union No. 48 which Increases
wages   $1   » dny.    Journeymen   will   receive
17 ami foremen >8.   Existing contracti will
bo finished under the old scale.
England Ik to hnve nntionnl kitchens.
Public baths nnd pnrk biillrllugs will bo
Lurnerl into kitchens and (own hulls Int'i
dining hnlls; strejt enrs will convey the
finished product lo OuiiisnndH of smnll distributing stations. Varied meals will he
provided for everybody nt the lowest poill;
Me price and there will be specinl invnlid
stations,
Report of Agreement Just
Made Makes Good
| Showing
The Seattle locnl of the International
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablomon and
Helpers of America, is making great
progress. This local has a membership
of 1700, and is only onc of eight locals
of drivers in Seattlo. Sis yours ago
this loeal wus *(J00 in debt, today thc
local has $7000 in the treasury. The
othef locals, which arc composed of
locals of milk wagon drivers, taxi drivers, laundry wagon drivers, bread wagon drivers, etc., havo, in many cases,
higher wage scales thun tho above local
■No. 174, which recently negotiated an
ngreement with thc employers that
speaks well for the organization. The
agreement calls for an eight-hour day,
which is to commence ns soon us driver
arrives at burn or gurage. Any part of
half a day shall be considered, and paid
for us half tt day, und over half a day
and less thuu a duy shall constitute,
and be puid for, as eight hours. Regular men, reporting for duty in tho morning, and waiting for orders, shall be
paid onc-hulf duy.
The following is the minimum scale
of wages:
Teams.
Ter Day.
Ono-honH*.   wagon        $tf.50
Two-horse express and combination
wagon — _        j.flO
Coal  wagon drivers        11.76
Freight truck*  _ _       a.75
Grade   l* aniMcrs          3,75
Thivc-horn- drivers,  nil  work         4.00
Machinery  truck   drivers        4.25
Team or Motor.
Furniture drivers, exclusively      J4.no
Baggage  drivers   .-       4.00
Motor   Vehicles.
I.i'ss   than   lift I'm   hundred   pounds
Fifteen   hunilri'd   pounds   nnd   one
ton,   Inclusive   	
Over one  ton  to two und  nni-liiilf,
Inclusive  	
Ovor two nnil one-half ton* to four
Over   four   tons   	
Steady Holjiors 	
Extra helpera  (per hour)
|3.50
a.75
4.00
4,25
4.50
B.fiO
HAIL ORDERS GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings St. W. Phones Eay. 1866 ft 1968
FIVE BRANCH STOKES
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION BUILDING
CORNER CAMBIE AND HASTINGS STREETS
RING UP SEYMOUR 2354 FOR APPOINTMENT
_\ The one big thing that you can do, and which you ought
to do, is to patronize those merchants who patronise your
paper by advertising in The B. 0. Federationist,
FRUIT GROWERS FAVOR
ASIATIC EXCLUSION
Spectro of  California Compels  Board
of Trade In Penticton to Pass
Drastic Resolution
Thai oft*ropontod problem, tho Asiatic one, hns again boon tip before tho
Pontlcton board of trade, und ihis timo
they Intend in tnke no I...If moasurcs
in u fight lo oxcludo Orientals, both
Chinese and Japanese, from British Columbia and tho Dominion, Thc resolution framed hits been sent not only to
neighboring boards and boards throughout the province, but is being sent to
every bonrd in tho whole eountry.
This is it farming nnd fruit raising
district, und no doubt ihe spoctffl of
Ablatio Invasion of tho fruit-growing
business, tt In California, hns created
Ihe demnnd for exclusion of nndesirnble
('(itnpeiition.
In the recent ilrlko mvnnl handed down
by United Htates Administrator Samuel Ah-
Chttlor,   lho   rolored   women   employed   In   Uu*
packing Hunts woro granted the olght'hour
dny. In the largo chain ot rcilAuranti
operated  by John l(. Thompiop the  whito
women nr.1 forced to hlnvt- ten anil more
hours,
CONSERVE FOOD
AND FUEL
By Cooking on an
Electric Range
Electric Ranges cook with less food shrinkage
than any other cooking process. Foods cooked
Electrically go farther and taste better.
Cooking on an Electric Range is pleasant, easy
and economical. Our rate for electricity for electric cooking is 3 cents net per kilowatt hour.
(M&cefac
Carrall and Hastings
1138 Granville PAGE POUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY „......Miy 3;  WIS
A chain is no stronger than
its weakest link—
SS. ALASKA AND SS. WAR CAMP AT OUTFITTING BERTH
T
HE BUILDING of ships today has the effect of strengthening one of the weak links in the defence of the Empire. Our boys at the front have been having a -desperate time holding back the Kaiser's lawless hordes.
Lines of communication have an important bearing on
the results of battles. Ships are a vital necessity in
keeping up communication with our armies at the front. The
army must be reinforced With men and kept well supplied with
food, ammunition and materials. We are at a disadvantage in
that our men and their food, ammunition and materials require
to be transported thousands of miles across the ocean, and water-
borne traffic at best is slow.
The army of the enemy is kept fed and supplied by railroad,
and a haul of only a few hundred miles is necessary, so close is
he to his base of supply. The Kaiser calculated that by a campaign of ruthless sinking of ships at sea he could prevent Canada
and the United States from sending over men and supplies adequate to resist his onslaught. He has not succeeded in his object,
but has made it bitterly hard for Canada and the United States
to, send the .necessary reinforcements to the front, and at the
same time transport a sufficiency of food and other supplies to
properly equip and care for those brave men so nobly fighting-
enduring every hardship, risking and giving up life, limb, an'd all
thought of self, ito protect the land they love, and to make it safe
from the Kaiser's brand of autocracy and hellishness.
The Germans glory in every ship they sink at sea, knowing
they are striking at a weak link in our chain of defence, and they
care nothing for the innocent, helpless souls aboard any vessel.
tO OUR EMPLOYEES
WE ARE ENDEAVORING to establish a shipbuilding industry,that
will be of servioe to the Empire while the war lasts, and that will
endure after the war is over.
We want the co-operation of our employees to bring this about.
British Columbia was not a steel shipbuilding centre before the war and
unless conditions can be changed it will not be a steel shipbuilding centre
after the war. We want every one of our employees to take a keen
interest in the building up of this industry. By doing so you are helping
the Empire in time of stress and are helping us to continue our operations and to continue the employment of, and increase our present force
of workmen. We are operating on Union lines. We wish to treat every
employee fairly, and our staff and foremen are instructed to give every
man a square deal. We are cooperating with organized labor, and in
constant consultation with its representatives in an effort to give the
very best possible working conditions to our men, and will go as far in
that direction as COMPETITION will permit.
We are also providing complete facilities for proper handling of our
work, and desire to make the Coughlan Shipyard a good yard for our
men to work in.
Do what you can to help us—the industry is very young and we
want to get it going right.
J. COUGHLAN & SONS.
Vancouver, B.C., April 27, 1918. _
Gomper's Ottawa Speech
"A new inspiration which shall revive us in our determination. It was a
challenge to autocracy and reaction."
—Minister of Justice, Ottawa.
Tbe all-union workmanship ln these vessels Is
conceded to be tbe best on tbe Pacific Coast.
cAn Inspiration
******* ****** ****** <•.«*«««
And a Challenge
Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation
of Labor, addressed the Senate and Commons at Ottawa
last Friday afternoon, which was at once an inspiration
and a challenge.
"Somehow, I feel," Mr. Gompers declared, to ringing
applause, "somehow, I feel that I would rather drop while
fighting for the right than not to fight at all. We cannot
fail. We must not fail. We shall not fail. But it is better to fail fighting than willingly to submit to the yoke. A
willingness to submit to the tyrant's yoke simply means
stifling and stamping out the spirit of liberty."
LAUNCHING OF SS. WAR CAMP, MARCH 16, 1918
^^IHIPYARDS ARE the support upon which our men on the
S battlefield depend today. Ships are the direct line of
communication upon which England and her Allies "are
—I depending to first support and then strengthen our armies, so that they may end the war by forcing the enemy back
from the fields of France and Belgium^, back into Germany, from
whence he came, and pen him there forever.
One staunch ship today is worth two twelve months hence, and
four two years hence, as a fighting factor. The man in the shipyard is the man on whom the eyes of the world are focused, and
upon whom the safety of the Empire rests. He is the man directly behind the man behind the gun—and he is doing work the man
behind the gun cannot do. Further, upon the result of the efforts
of the man in the shipyard depends the length of time the man
s behind the gun will have to stay with his job, and his job is the
nearest conceivable approach to Hell on Earth imaginable.
Shipbuilders, remember every rivet you drive; every plate you
punch and swing in place; every hand's turn you do every minute
of your eight-hour shift counts, and counts seriously toward
bringing closer that day at which the war shall end, our flag wave
again free and unmenaced, and our thoughts enabled to turn to
reconstruction of pur own affairs. •
Vancouver, B. C,
April 23,1918 0ITI0I1I.    PAPIB    VAIOOUVBB
CliDM  tm  LABOB   OOUKOH*
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
orioial ran rama aot-
ukbia noBBAnoa or uaoi
TENTH YEAR.   No. 18
TWELVE PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1918
("■SnSO     $1.50 PER YEAB
GOOD DENTISTRY costs no more than poor when it
is performed by a dentist with the requisite
experience, skill and intelligence, who nses the most
modern appliances.
POOR WORK IS  COSTLIEST IN
THE LONG RUN
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowers prices, value considered, are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.     Phone Sey. 5444
Just Received by Express
We have just placed in stock a number of lines of
YOUNG MEN'S BETTER SUITS
in medium and dark shades, fancy lined, with welt, slash or
patch pockets.   Prices $18.00, $20.00, $25.00 to $30.00
"Not how cheap, but how good."
BOYS' DEPARTMENT is replete with all that is new in
Sports, Pinch and Belt Suits; Hats, Caps, Shirts and Shirtwaists.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey, 702
309 to 315 HASTINOS ST. W.
Just Men's Hats!
But tho most complete and generous
showing of MEN'S HATS in Vancouver.
That's tho real explanation of Richardson
&  Potts' position as Hat leaders.
An up-tO'the-nUnutc showing of MEN'S
SOFT PELTS and DERBIES in all tho
wanted blocks, colors nnd bIeos. Sterling
Union-made Hats  among   them.
$3.00 up to $6.00
Richardson & Potts
LIMITED
417 Qranvllle St.    Near Oor. Hastings
,J>
C7M'Hjf
Our Spring Hat Has Arrived
We offer the latest Shapes and Shades in 1918
models.
AT ONE PRICE, $3.00
Black & White Hat Store
CORNER HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STREETS
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
THE BEST MEN'S SHOES
We've the best MEN'S SHOKS mad« at
any stated price.
We've Shoes for comfort and durability, and Shoes full of style for the smart
dressers.
Tho leathern are: Choice blacks or
Ihe new Lans. See thom and then
beat'thom if you can. Help your fellow workers hy buying union-made
Shoes at a Union Store.
TTw Ingledew Shoe Co.
MB 0EAN7H.LE STBEET
The only DNIOS SHOE STOBE la
Vancouver
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
IF IT IS a Suit that will keep its shape until worn
out you're looking for, there's nothing quite
equal to the famous "T. & D." Suits, for which we
are exclusive agents in the city. They are on sale
Saturday at $4.00 to $8.00 less than their present
value.
Our Peters' "Brotherhood" Overall at $2.00 is half
a dollar less than its value.
You can save about $3.00 on every Boys' Suit you
buy from us.
We are offering on Saturday Men's Fine Shirts at
95c, which are regular $1.50 and $1.75. Also Men's
Suspenders at 25c, worth 50c.
Come in and prove these statements.    '*,
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East
NEWS FROM OTHER
SIDE OF I
BALL
Australian Labor Is Moving:
Forward in Thought
and Action
Congratulations to the New
Labor Party in This
Province
[By W. Francis Ahern]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., April 2.—(Special to The Federationist)'—The news
that thc Federated Labor Party has
been formed in British Columbia is
hailed by Australian Labor aB a good
omen for tho future of thc world'B
Labor movement, tt is to be hoped
that the organization presided over by
Gordon J. Kelly will have got past the
swdddling clothes stage before the pre-
aent world war is over. There iB gigantic work to be done when the "boys"
como home, and it is for Labor to see
that the returned men swing in behind
the Labor movement so as to be better
able to demand the promises held out
to them prior to enlisting.
Forcing the Face
In Australia the Labor movement- ia
going to play an important part in the
future of the returned men, as far as
Australia is concerned. The Hughes
government and the capitalists have
held out magnificent promises to the
men regarding the millenium that ia to
be theirs when the wur is over. Unfortunately in past wars, the millenium
never managed to materialize when thc
boys did return minus lege, arms or injured in any other way. In Australia
things aro not going to go on like that
ufter this war. Already tho grand
Labor government of the State of
Queensland, which haB been. returned
with an added majority of 12—making
in all a Labor majority of 30 in a house
of 72, has done much in the way of
looking after the returned aoldiers. Not
only have thousands upon thousands of
acres been aot apart for them, but technical and other schools are already at
work through which they may fit themselves for ony vocation they choose in
the future. I have ulreudy detailed all
this in The FederationiBt in past articles, and it does not call for any repoti-
ion here. The point in thiB njatter,
however, Ib this: Ab Queensland haa
gone ahead, so the other Australian
states will have to follow, no matter the
cost. As Queensland is forcing the cap-
italistB to recqgnize their responsibili
tieB to the returned men, so the other
state governments and the federal government of Australia will have to do,
Either that, or a wholesale migration
will aet in for Queensland after the
war, and tho other states will be forced
to atop that, because under our federal
law, subsidies are paid to the state governments by the .federal government on
a population basis, and thc more a stnte
loses in population, the more it loses in
subsidized revenue from the federal
govorning centre. Not only thnt, the
fact .that better conditions are offering
in another atate will force the backward states to recognize the difficulty
and give something approaching what
Queensland.is doing.
Are Making Enquiries
Following on what I have written
concerning thc part Queensland is playing as regards the returned soldiers, it
is interesting to noto that aome of the
returned men who have come iback to
British Columbia are now in communication with the Queensland'.government,
asking for further particulars with a
view to possible migration of B. C. returned men to Australia; Without disclosing names in this article, I can add
.that these enquiries have come from
Victoria. I mention this to point out
thc great interest that is being taken in
what Labor is doing in Australia for
the (returned men in other pnrts of thc
world. It Ib also gratifying to know
that Tho Federationist ia the only Canadian paper that hus published thiB information direct from fits own Australian representative.
Good Wishes for F. L. F.
Thc Federated Labor Party, u'Mch
haa opened its headquarters ia tho
Labor Temple, Vnncouver, appears to
have 'been born -into tht world en a
"healthy footing. With such men .as
Kelly,* Trotter, Backers, 'W-estwell, Woo
lands, Yates, Casey, Kempster, Potfer-
i'tl, Beard, Roberts, Hawthornthwaite,
Kingsley and our Miss Gutteridge, wo
can feel sure that the workora nre «t
lavt,'going to have n committoe in whom
they ean put the greatest trust. There
will have to be mudh work done before
anything of a great character ia carried out, and with thnt end in view I
have already officially communicated
with Secretary Trotter, placing myBelf
nt his (entire disposal in any master he
may thituk I ean assist him, nB an old
member of the Australian Labor Tarty.
Already thero h*s been posted to him
official literature showi&g how our
Labor parities in Australia are conducted—in whieh our objective, plntform,
pledge und standing orders are outlined,
Oopies of our executive rules, partieu
lars regarding inter-state conferences,
state and federal plutforms—embracing
constitutional reforms, effective land
settlement, finance, nationalization
schemes, industrial reforms and educational suggestions. Copies of our rules,
detailing how our branches are formed,
how funds arc obtained and usod, work
of the conferences, and the executives,
how candidates are selected, and other
information will bo reaching him at-tho
timo this dispatch reaches The Federationist. I feel sure this will all be helpful for the Federated Labor Party that
has been launched in British Columbin.
We are now nppronching, in Australia,
our nnnunl conferences, and as soon na
possible I shall be forwarding copies of
our agenda pnpors, bo that aome idea
may be gleaned aa to what we discuss
from year tn year. All this will do a
power of good—especially to new movements anxious to tnke the advice and
wisdom of big brothers in other parts
of the world. I enn only add that the
workers in Australia nre highly gratified fo ace thc birth of the Federated
Labor Party, and trust itB growth will
be like the growth of our own Labor
party in Australia.
State Socialism?
Some few weeks ago, I visited
Queensland on official business, and had
a first-hand chance to see Btate socialist at work there. I have arranged to
write up a series of articles of what
our brothers are doing in this progressive Australian state—easily the most
advanced in Australia—and these will
be Bent along to The Federationist from
time to time. I hope theso articles will
be studied and gone into carefully, as
they should be very helpful to the workers of British Columbia in time to
come.
We are just now turning our attention to the possibility of an International Federation of Labor, taking in
the workerB of all countries along lines
of tho Australian Labor movement. I
recognize that aftor the war, the Labor
movement must progress along Australian lines rather than along tho lines of
the old German 'international. Later
on I hope to go into this matter more
fully.
I am pleased to offer the congratulations of Australian Labor to our now
movement in Canada, and hope it will
grow both strong and virile. Personally, as aaid above, I have placed myself
at the disposal of Secretary Trotter, and
I hope he will not be backward in asking for any information that is likoly
to be of help. I can assure the workers
of British Columbia that I shall be ever
willing to give the last ounce of information I have at my disposal for their
benefit.
Not a Solitary Citizen Appeared to Take Place
of Men on Strike
A
OF
Organizer Hoop of Retail
Clerks Distributes Food
for Thought
City Council Has Always
Been Notorious for Paying Small Wages
Those members of the city council
who objected to paying tho increased
wages the eivie employeea demanded,
and who had fond hopes that thc average citizen would get out along his
own lot and clean streetB, received a
shocking disappointment the morning
following tho strike. Strange as it may
seem, not a solitary leading citizen appeared upon the Btreets clad in overalls and begrimed with work. Only thc
little sparrows appeared to desire to assist tho city.
As a mntter of fact, the average citizen is not interested a great deal in the
troubles of the civic authorities with
regard to wages. The city has been notorious for poor pay for years. Not a
private concern in the city pays wages
so low on the average for unskilled
labor and, outside of professional salaries, no eompany pays wsges bo small for
akillod work. The city has been the
object of continual attnek for tho
wages it ,pays. This has .been true for
years. It is about time tho civic authorities looked "upon *thc*city as nn employer which ia not entitled to any
special 'consideration from labor, nor
special wage schedule.
One .might take occasion to remind
the aldermen that they arc-doing pretty
fair themselves in the way of wages,
compared with other Cities. In some
cities the civic fathers do not receive
anything like thc pay Vancouver gives
to its civic legislators. Thc ordinary
workingman who works his cight;hour
shift or longer, considers the pay of the
aldermen -.na -plenty High enough, when
the working hours of the aldermen arc
taken 'into consideration. Opposed to
this suggestion, there may be some of
the aldermen who will refer to this or
that session of the council*"four or five
hours long." Tnko the time wasted in
bull out of thnt period and the 'actual
working "'hours'' would scarcely appear.
On - the port of some critics of the
Civic Employees'' union, fhore is-a disposition to imuuttiin that in the servico
of tho city are a lot of men who eould
not do as well elsewhere Such a statoment doesn't-get very far, for the mnn
who is able t*o do the work tho eity demnnds of him, is quite libit1 to do similar work anywhere.
While it in true civic salaries were
increased on occasion, the increase has
not been to thc rate paid by private
concerns, nor comparable to tho increased cost of living.
ORGANIZED LABOR BAOK
OP OTTAWA *OLICEMEN
Ug Indignation Meeting Held to Protest Against Actions of the
Chief of Police
All branches of organized labor in
Ottawa have rallied to the support of
Police Federal Association No. 60. This
was evident when representatives of
thc majority of locnl unions filled
Queen's hall to capacity &t »n indignation mooting held there. According to
one of the speakers, the action of Chief
Ross in dismissing 25 men for union activities is a challenge to the working-
men of Canada, and he declared that
tho eyea of 205,000 orgnnized workers
ia Canada, wero focused upon tho locul
situation.
The meeting hud been called under
thc joint auspices of Police Federal Association No. 50, tho water works employees, Federal union No, 15, and tha
Firemen's union, but representatives
eame from the Carpenters, Patternmakers, Typographical union, Pressmen and
nlso from the Trades and Labor Congress of Cnnada.
Division 270, International Street
Railwny Employees, at their last regular moeting, passed a strong resolution
in favor or thc Police Fedoral association, nnd nlso pledged thoir strongest
support.
KALAMAZOO, MICH.—Tho first olocllon
under th? proportions! rrprt-npntniimi uys-
torn hope resulted in putting threo Social-
ists  on   lln-  roinmisKi.m.
Predicts Reorganiaztion of
Social  Structure
After War
Two important meetings were held in
the city of Vancouver on Wednesday
morning. One was tho special meoting
of the city council, and the other was
the meoting of those who administer to
tho means of the city, tho men who look
after the city's health, waterworks,
scavenging, bridge tending, eto. The
latter was held in the Labor Temple,
and was addressed by Seoretary Midgloy and Organizer Hoop, of the Eotail
Clerks' association. The Civic Employees have patiently waited for a miserable 25c a day increase, and are now
on striko for that amount.
Organizer Hoop, Bpeaking at the
meeting, said in part: "The city council differs but. littlo frota other city
councils. The chairman of the finance
committee ia usually selected because
of his tight-wad tendencies, and tho
fact that he has long been separated
from anything pertaining to a conscience, with the usual effect that his soul
becomes misshapen in financial iniquity.
With men liko thot in a council, wages
havo to be forced up by means of a
strike; prayer seldom avails. With
prices soaring and dollars falling, ono
would think that the city couneil would
reason, but no, promises seem to be
their only stock in trade. Wo regret
the striko situation, but feel that thc
real onus is on tho city council, I cannot help thinking that tho little strike
in Vancouver is indirectly associated
with the great world war taking place
in Europe. If there had been no war,
tho conditions would not havo been
hero causing a just demand for higher
wages. The Vancouvor Sun states,
April 29, that tho cost of living in Germany has risen 117 per cent, since tho
war, and I cannot help thinking thnt
the Germans will have settled on some
plan to meet the change demanded in
the industrial world, and Canada should
givo attention to this phase of it as
woll, and not leave everything to
chance and the wiso or unwise ubo of
the only weapon Labor has got—the
Btriko. I wonder if others see the all-
important lesson to bo 'drawn from this
world-wide war in the snmo light as I
do, having particular refcronce to the
wage-earner. Gallileo, when trying to
convince his critics that tho earth went
round, had in theory to tnko them from
off the enrth in order to prove thnt this
sphere did revolve. It would appear
that the war forces the unskilled to organize. It would bo true to say *thnt
they would never organizo except under
such straining circumstances. And
everywhere men aro lining up, somo
consciously, some unconsciously, organizing to moot tho chango contemplated
by mother nature. If conscription is
the right thing for the army, it must
:bo a vory good thing 'for the Labor
movement, whose great mission in future years will bo to get rid of the armies and militarism in-general. Hitherto men have joined unions becuuBC it
was a choap way to get something for
nothing. A few would do all the work,
and the .return in wages would far ex-
coed all that was paid in duos or taxes
to protect tho craft, innd this motive is
,pretty general in tho trades union
movement. Othors belong to unions becnuso thoy nre afraid to Btny out, and
tho idea that thc Labor movoment iB a
business institution is Btill very dim
nnd distant to tho minds of a large
number of -wage-earners. Our Labor
movement must bc ro-vitnlized. The
civil servant, tho civic employee, must
now contribute thoir share of the burden of responsibility. These banners of
tire crnfts hanging on these walls are
the evidence of tho toil, suffering nnd
agony that have boen labor's lot in thc
pnst. It is not so long ago that men
spent -years in juil for tho right to organize, and in these dnys Whon the institution of Labor, having fought for
nnd won thnt-right, hands down to you
—the civio employee—thai right, n
rigfit whieh carries with -it thc salvation of the human fnmily. Willi you
lho quostion of .organization must be
como u snored duty. The word organl*
zatlon must carry with it Ihe spirit or
liberty and whenever Unit spirit 111:1111
IVsIs itself, tho trades unionist will nl
ways lind somclhinf for the idle hands
to do in bis orgnnization. Thc jneiinesl
mnn on earth todny is the mnn who wilfully seeks to evade his obligation I"
the trades union movoment. The world
vrar will 'ha-ve been fought in vain if
Labor foils to reorganize the tnstitM*
I ions of Ihe social order and to med suoll
it person excites within me the feeling
thnt 1 would like lo place my hand on
his face, and hurl him so far back intn
history, lhat his Darwinian nncestors
would fall to recognize him, and pell
him With tho lint so indicative of Ws
mental makeup. The future belongs to
Lnbor. With the lessons coming from
tlio war, we must -SHsume the individual
responsibility thnt 1'nlls to each of us.
Our union must become more efficient
nad effective. We must show 11 power
lo grasp and grapple with big questions,
And your ntti'iitio nd attendance is
deinamlet] in your 'union. Build up your
union of Ihe Civic Employees, and tho
publlo will never be guilty of shelving
the old men, whb havo given Iheir nil
to society, but are now weakened for
that very reason. To discriminate
ngainst old men is a crime lliaf ought tn
be punishable wilh denth. Its n doath*
dealing blow lo the old man, and the
younger one Bhould regard it ns sueh.
A hundred per eent. orgnnization is
whnl you wnnt. On after it, and the
word strike will be forever eliminated
from your dictionary of words."
(tin, l.A.—BtrlkobroAkors Imported to
ihe oil flei'i* of thin illKtrl**! whon unlonliti
nlti'in'it-**!   lo   Incrt'OKe   wnges   nrp   now   no
siriki*. Thay hnvo discovered tlmt not-i on
the book ond Romo* about "free nod ind***
nondotit workmen- con not copo with old
II. C. of L.
Notice to Machinists
and Shipyard
Workers
Do not risk your life unnec-
cessarily at your work
-WEAR THE--
Carhartt
Safety First
Allover
and refuse all substitutes
You can always tell the Safety First All-
over. It buttons close at the neck and
sleeve. The lower half is just like the Carhartt Overall, only it can be tucked in with
a button at the ankle.
LOTS OF ROOM-LOTS OF POCKETS-
LOTS OF SAFETY-LOTS OF WEAR
AND UNION-MADE
Factory: Entire Eighth Floor
World Bldg., Vancouver
PHONE SEYMOUR 2493
Important Notice
At a special meeting of thc shareholders, held on
May thc 1st, a resolution was passed reducing Ihe necessary cash payment on shares to five Dollars, balance 30
days. Thc new shareholders to begin receiving their
trading benefits upon payment of the lirsl Five Dollars.
As this offer is only for a limited time, it is necessary
to act at once if you wish lo reduce your living expenses.
Apply until Tuesday, May 7lh, room 712 Birks Building.    Phone Sey. 297.
EMPORIUM
THE CO-OPERATIVE STORE
823 Granville Street Phone Seymour 908
Mr. Union Man!
You Owe It to Yourself to Economize.
Would you consider it economical to purchase Teas
and Coffees in tins when you may have the same
value from our store at a much reduced price?
THINK IT OVER
Wo Bell In Bulk Only
Dickson's Teas and Coffees Are of Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St.  Phone Sey. 613 PAGE SIX
THE BRITJSH COLUMBIA --FEDERATIONIST
II.C.
Publishod every Friday morning by the B. C.
Federationist, Limited
B. Parm. Pettipiece Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
TeL Bxchange Seymour 7496
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription. $1.50 per year;    in Vancouver
City, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, 91.00
MENTION   WAS  mado  in  these
columns last week of tho entire
absence    of   any   facta   \ipon
which to buso  iho many .stories that
havti been noisily puddled by the prostitute    pross    about
WOLF! WOLF!    German   onomios   in
WHEN THERE   the    United    States
IS NO WOLF.      mid   olsowhoro   putting " lotiin.is germs
in court plaster, ground glass In foodstuffs, poison in wolls and othor sources
of water supply, " nnd many other stm
hir vicious und scurrulous talcs.   It will
bo remembered  that nfter most thor
ough investigation of nil reported enses,
the   attornoy-goneral   of   the   Uniled
States reported thut not u solitary bit
of ovidenco could bo found to substantiate any of tho charges made.   Ever
since Robert M. La Follette ami other
members of the United States senate
opposed the deliberate sweeping aside
of tho last vestige of domocracy, and
the enthronement of unbridled and unlicensed autocracy in thc waging of war
against the mid-European survival of
the feudal age, accusations of "sedition, treason, disloyalty, German influence and German gold," have fallen
thick and fast upon La Folletto and all
other real and sincere domocrats who
have had the. temerity to stand openly
*in the limelight in defense of their convictions.   And what tirades of vilification and abuse havo boen spewed upon
their devoted heads by the agoncies and j
tools of roaction.   Wbat a raucous and I
terrifying  barking   and   yapping has
been continually kept up by tho subsidized courtesan press and the similarly
influenced procurers of tho public platform and the political stage.   And they
are still persistently at it, mnking the
welkin ring with their alleged patriotic
noise.
*        *        *N
Wisconsin has nearly 3,000,000 population, a very considerable percentage
of which iu German or of German ex-
traction.   Especially is thiB truo of Milwaukee and vicinity.   La Folletto holds
his seat in tho United States Bcnate by
mandate of the voters  of Wisconsin.
Owing to the death of Paul O. Husting,
tho other senator from Wisconsin, au
election was. recently held for tho purpose of electing his successor.    Three
candidates  were iu  the field, two of
them, the republican, Lenroot, uud thc
democrut, Duvies,  noisily and  vociferously "loyal."    Thc other one, Victor
Berger, a socialist, wus loudly hera'ldcd
by the brazen tools of reaction und tyranny us tho very personification of all
that is "seditious"  and  "disloyal,"
whatever these loud-mouthed terms may
really mean.   Lenroot received 1(W,983
votes; Dnvies, 148,823; Berger, 110,187.
'The candidato of tho La Follette wing
of tho republican party wns defeated nt
the primuries, and consequently was not
on the ballot at tho election.   Although
he, along with La Follette and ull of
thoir following, was loudly proclaimed
''traitor,''   the   '' loyal''   candidates,
Lenroot and Da vies, "with honied unction" sought tho support of thnt "trui-
torous" vote.   Evor since tho olection,
Berger and his following seems to have
inherited al ltho v-enom that was previously impartially distributed between
La Follette's following and his own.
Now Wisconsin is "seething with sedition."    Tho Germans are plotting to
overthrow tho United   States government and mnko    it    easy for kaiser
"Bill," ho of tho Hohenzollcrn horns
and hoofs, to extend his beneficent sway
so as to'encompass tho earth and smother  tho searchlight  beams of  western
democracy with the tallow candle dul-
ness of roal   feudal    political   "kultur."  Tho situation hns becomo so per-
ilous that thc Milwaukee Council of National Defense, which is u branch of
one of the many safety first devices,
that is calculated to prevent the rape
of democrncy-by so patriotically gassing, clubbing nfld hamstringing the victim thut thc crime itself will seem but
a minor offense, even if any offence at
all, has asked that martial law be declared in thnt "sedition" infected nte
tropolis of the great state of Wisconsin.
IN ANOTHER column will be found
nn illuminating expose of the gallant martial achievements attained
by a bright array oi' military talent
that hus evidently been mobilized t'or
the during and
HOW POLITICAL dangerous ser-
WARRIORS- GO v i c e,    through
"OVER THE TOP.' judicious application of the
principle of politicul selection. The
dangerous service refererd to is that
of eating at the public pie counter by
means of the ticket provided through
the Invalid Soldiers' Commission. And
out of the 308 salaried persons composing the working force of the commission in British Columbin, fully 50
have been overseas. Whethor any of
the 50 ever smellcd powder, however,
is not stated. But the necessity of
keeping such un array of military talent in thc shape of itinerant warriors,
either political or chocolate, as tlie case
maybe strutting about h'gurnti vely jingling their spurs and rattling their sabres,
with au imposing battalion of "stcno-
grupliers" und other female persons in
reserve, in order to care for 1080 invalid soldiers, is altogether to course
und raw to seriously impress uny suite
porson with anything short of u sense
of tho ridiculous. Thut this military
enterprise ontalls an expense of something like #05,000 per month for salaries alone, or un uverugo of #175 per
head, counting both pun Ik and petti-
coatB, makes the whole thing look like
a joke. As it is a Union government
that is responsible for this pie counter
activity, und it is all carried on under the pretence of being necessary in
ordor to properly trim tlio wicked
"Hun," we have no desire to lay ourselves open to a suspicion of being seditious, either through carping criticism or unrestrnined jocularity, but in
nil seriousness we would certninly liko
to know what there is in military practice that requires such an imposing array of "stenographers" in order to
care for such a small number of invalid soldiett, many of whom are at
least able to be up and around and
doing their own typewriting if need
be? Of course if it is a military se-
crot we shall not expect it to be divulged, loss it givo aid and comfort to
the enemy. At any rate this military
hospital service in British Columbia at
least is some Bervice. 'Although it may
not have many patients upon its hands,
it surely has some official Btaff and hot
a few "stenographers." Wo must all
admit that.
IKOBABLY each and every ono of
' us are at t'
quite  firmly  convinced  that  th
are at the   presont   moment
on
present system and   method   of   pro
ducing thc things that human society
requires in order to
A SYSTEM maintain its existence,
THAT MUST is far and away more
BE JUNKED economical than anything nlong this lino
thnt hns previously existed. The assertion often fulls from the lipa of
those who at leust fancy themselves
qualified to speak with authority, thot
iu ancient times tho production of
wealth was a slow and luborious pro-
ess, while at the presenKtime it is n
matter of but little consequence, as fur
us the amount ol human labor is concerned, to produce such an abundance
of the requisite tilings of life us to meet
nil legitimate requirements. In fact
wc frequently take grent delight in explaining whut an infinitesimal amount
of humun energy is required to produco a barrel of flour, a pair of shoes,
a suit of clothes, or any other thing
thnt mny bo required. But there are
evidently some things in connection
with this supposedly powerful system
and method of production thnt hnvo
escaped our notice, and whicli if enquired into a little may seriously upset
our previously formed opinions nnd
lend  us to quito contrary conclusions.
districts is of like character. It pro
duces nothing that is essential to hu
man comfort and happiness. It pro
dueos tto food, and the little that it
has to do with the production of
clothing and other necessary things
could be fur more cheaply done in the
country by thoso whu require them, and
that too by thc simple and primitive
methods of long ago. What has been
mentioned of the production of steel is
also truo of all other lines outside of
or beyond legitimate and essential requirements. Ttifcro is no surplus of food
or clothing produced. In fact there is
no surplus of any essontial things produced. But there is un overwhelming
volume of purely ruling class stuff
turned out continually, and its volume
increases in exactly the same ratio as
the development of tools and methods
increases the productivity of thq
slaves. The burden upon the slaves
never lessens. The producors of the
essential things of life, such ns food,
clothing, shelter, etc., provide these
things for all. All the rest live upon
whut they produce, while either in
turn producing milions of tons of steel,
coul, cupper, lend, zinc, etc.; thousands
of miles of railways, ennuis nnd other
transportation fncilities; miles upon
miles of city streets lined with pnlnces,
warehouses, factories, hucksters' shops,
bawdy houses und the huts of slaves;
or nre engaged in thut. grent gamo of
gouging, cheating, swindling, lying, do-
lying, befooling, outwitting, double-
dealing, double-crossing)., or otherwise
obtaining something for nothing either
by hook or by crook, or by uny other
| moans that lead not unerringly into tho
penitentiary door. In other words
this useless herd is ut all times busily
engaged in that delightful ruling class
pastime vnriously termed business,
trade, commerce, finance or war. But
it never producqs u pound of food, a
yard of cloth, a shingle for a roof, or
anything else essential to human comfort. Tlie entire herd will havo to be
dispersed and its present purpose ruthlessly junked before any relief will
appear in the offing. The cities will
havo to empty their human contents
into the country and erstwhile parasites and parasitic production be eliminated. And will have to become producers of tho things they require for
their existence, their comfort and their
happiness, or the great problem will
still remain unsolvod. When the energy
of all is turned to the production of
the essential things of life, the food,
clothing, shelter, etc., requisite for human comfort and well boing, thc dawn
of a new era will be ushered in. The
hour for human liborty will havif
come.
A representative of the carpenters at
Seattle declares that duriug the past 12
months more men have been killed in
the shipyards of that city than w-ere
slain in thc trenches in France, in proportion to the number engaged in both
places. Ruling class industry huth its
casualties as well as ruling class war.
According to the United States Bureau of Labor statistics, the cost of
maintaining a family has doubled since
1900. The average cost in 1900 was
$769. The cost now is approximately
double that sum. Have wuges doubled
during tho same period? Speak right
up, you wage slaves. Don't be timorous.
The Interuutionul Union of Browery
and Soft Drink Workers turned down a
proposition to establish a dcuth benefit
fund. The vote stood 2862 in favor and
25,322 ag^nst. The big majority apparently thought that the very fact of
escupting from slavery by death curried with it all the benefit thut uny
reasonable dead person should bo entitled to.
FRIDAY...
..May 3,  1918
Sickness nmong the defendants is delaying the I. W. W. trials at Chicago.
Six or seven months iu Cook county
jail, uwuiting trial or for any other
purpose is evidently quite sufficient to
break the health of»even the most robust. But the sick und suffering ones
in this case may well thank their lucky
stars that they are not living under u
wicked autocracy. And that is something to be renlly thankful for.
Dr. Johnson is credited with saying,
that "The liberty of the press is a
blessing." A blessing? Its n joke,
that's what it is. And thnt is all it
ever was, either under autocratic government or the puro democracy of this
enlightened ago and lund. If the liberty
of the press is, under normal conditions,
a "blessing," what is it aftor it meets
an "order-in-council" in a blind alley
in tho dark of the political moon?
to cultivate thrift'to the extent of investing in government bonds it is hoped
that thoy will thus have something upon
which to exist during the period of unemployment. Then again, if the workers have thus provided themselves with
some even slight moans of tiding themselves over a period of distress, it will
como in quite handy to the capitalists
as an aid in breaking down tho "high
wages" that aro now alleged to provail.
That the coming depression is assured
and that Wall Street is coolly and calmly preparing for it, with at least one
eye wide open for the main chance, is
clearly and unrcsevercdly sot forth by
thc financial editor of the Now York
Evoning Post, aa follows:
"If the workers, by investment in
government   bonds,   do  not  become
■used to higher living, it will bo loss
difficult to get thom to consent to a
reduction in wagOB when that is mado
inevitable by peace.   What is more
importnnt,   tho   workers   will   havo
saved something, which will enablo
them better to bridge ovor nny interval of unemployment which muy
como during the period of readjustment."
Whnt   Wall   Streot   does   not   know
about thrift, is not worth knowing, for
it is u matter of common knowledge
Ihut it is by the prnctice of that gentle
art Ihut the millions it represents hnvo
been accumulated as a safeguard and a
refuge ngainst the rainy days to come,
No belter authority could lie found to
givo to the workers proper instruction
along the line of thrift, abstinence and
kindred virtues.    And without ti doubt
whatever, Wall Street may suggest ns
conducive to the welfare of the workers should be accepted by every ono of
them without either protest or udverse
comment.   Whnt do the workers know
ubout what is good for them, anyway?
All they know is just enough to ivork,
and it docs not require much knowledge to do that.   If it did, the most of
us would bo forever out of a job.
BIRTHSTONE FOB THE MONTH OF MAT
THE EMERALD
IT IS QUITE CORRECT FOR AN ENGAGEMENT
RING to contain more tban one diamond, or other gems
in combination with diamonds, as for instance the EMERALD.
We have- a splendid assortment of emerald and diamond
rings, in beautiful settings, showing the emerald at its
very best.   Wo welcome your inspection.
$26, $60, 960, 976, $100 and up
"The Home of Pini-DHmonds"
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir.
Granville and Georgia Sts.
—SATE YOUB MOKBT—
STABT A BAKK AOOOUMT IV
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away your spare cwh In
any old oorner where It ii la danger
from burglars or flre.
The Morcbants Bank of Canada of*
fiTH you iterfoct safety for your
money, and will givo you full banking
nor vice, whether your account la largo
or small.
Interest allowed  on savings deposits.
Q. N. STAGEY, Manager
Oranvllle anl Fender
W. O. JOT. Manager
Haatinge and Oarrall
T) WHATEVER extent the saying
may be true that childron and
fols often blurt out the truth, of
one thing we may bo reasonably sure,
and that is that the kept press of the
ruling class
CHILDREN AND
FOOLS OFTEN
SPEAK THE TRUTH
And now for the sequel, the di>ii.>.ie-
ment, or whutcver it may properly be
tormod. From the at torney-general 's
office at Washington comes the record
of all the criminal cases brought by the
United States government right up to
March ». 1918. for this entire state,
thnt "is literally soothing with sedition,
disloyalty and pro-Germanism." Among
nearly .'1,(100,000 people, Inrgely uf Oer-
man extraction, and 110,000 of whom
voted for Berger, who ran upon miaiili-
war platform at that, the attorney-gen-
•oral reports us follows: 1 case of conspiracy in connection with the draft;
Explosives Act, 1; Trading with the
Enemy Act, none; National Defense
Act, none; Espionage Act (all pending), 7; selling liquor to soldiers, 37;
civil enses, none. There you have Wisconsin "treason, disloyalty and sedition," in all of its enormity. That is
the way thc state "soothes" with tho
terrible and pestilential thing, Here you
have pro-Germanism in all of its horrible reality. And to toll the awful truth
it is equally as pronounced nnd deeply-
rooted in all other purls of this western
continent. Were it not for Councils of
National Defense, Alliances for Labor
and Democracy, Espionage Acts, Trading with tho Enemy Acts, press (jagging edicts, minute men, tar and feathers, yellow paint, conscription and such
safety first devices and persuasives, the
outlook for democracy would ho dark
indeed. The autocrncy most vilo and
the "klutur" moat generally damned,
thnt is even now raising shoul witli the
puro democracy of western Europe-
would undoubtedly conquer the equally
puro democracy oi' this happy land, und
then linppinosH, pence, plenty nnd joy
would be no more. At least not liko wo
have it now. But even in our most patriotic moments, when we nre most lustily accusing others of "sedition, treason and disloyalty," we are strangely
rominded of the old cry of wolf! wolfl
whon thero was no wolf. Also of whul
Farmer Jones said when he sheared his
old sow. And onco moro also of what
happened to the wicked boys who cried,
"Go up, thou bald head,"
Certain statements were made in
these columns recently iu regard to the
production of wheat by /he somewhat
primitive tools' and methods in vogue
but little more than half a century
ngo. A comparison was drawn between
the amount of labor time necessarily
expended during those times, when the
producer of wheat brought it forth
solely for use by himself and his family, und the cost in labor to the workers of today who produce wheat and all
other commodities solely for the purpose of being thrown into a world market, and out of which these workers
arc compelled to purchase the food, and
other things necossary to their existence. In the matter of sufficient
wheut to bread a family for ono yeur
it was shown, and this enn bc proven
beyond all dispute, thnt what the
former got at a cost of one week's
labor cost the latter more than the
lubor of u full month. And it may here
be added that it will cost a whole lot
moro thnn one mouth's lubor if the
average wage of all workers is taken
as "the measure of present purchasing
power. In the compnrison referrod to,
the uverugo wage in one of the local
shipyards wus taken, and every one
who rends thc duily press well knows
shipyurd workers ure the happy recipients of most fabulous wnges. And
now let Us see what happens in another line of productive effort.
The steel ingot cupucity of the
Dnlted Stntes Steel Corporation is
L'2.200,000 tons per annum. Its blast
furnace capacity is 1N,-I00,0{)0 tons,
and tls llnlshol steel cupucity 10,126,000
tons. This is a grenter capacity thun
that of ull Germnny.. Take the "figures
for finished stool and divide by the
totnl populntion of the country and we
would have approximately one ton of
steel to every six persons, or a trifle
under ono ton per family per annum.
While it is true that iron und steel
must bo classed among the things es-
sentiul to the everyday life of all people, it is more thnu a safe bet thut the
average per family per geiterution
would not und eould not exceed one
ton. For the sake of good measure let
us double it and make it two tons.
Then two years' production of the (T.
H, Steel Corporation would (111 the requirements of tho poople of thnt country for one generntion, or sny fifty
years. Thon what becomes of the balance of this tremendous output running
up into milions of tons! Tho answer is
simple. It is required and utilized
purely for ruling class purposes, the
satisfying of ruling class ambitions nnd
the upbuilding of ruling olflSS empire
nnd establishment. It is not utilized
for any essential hutnnn purpose', for
any purpose that in any manner adds
to the comfort nnd well being nnd
leisure nnd-huppiness of those who pro-
luce it all. The lnbor expended in
this purely ruling requirement is as
absolutely wasted as wax thnt of the
captive Jews who were forced to build
pyramids upon the bunks of the Nile,
* -M *
Very nenrly all of the prod up Hon
cariod on in cities und other congested
seldom
dulgcs in that
sort of thing
except by accident. An incident in point comes
to our notice in big headlines in one
of thc most abandoned of thc lot reeently, announcing that "employers"
uro "to mnko biggor sacrifices." The
sacrifices to be mado are in the nature
of additional sluves thut must be surrendered to the necessities of this most
glorious war. It uppears that a "questionnaire" is being issued to all employers who have made claims for exemption for any "A" and "B'^cIbbs
mon in their omploy. The purposo is
to sequestruto such employees for militury purposes. It seems that no matter how rapidly we arc killing Germans,
or to what extent tho German autocracy is dissipating its serongth in
fruitless efforts to overcome oar forces
in*the field and those of our gallant
Allies; it matters not how many millions aro alreday boing nddod to thc
Entente armies by the U. S., tho latest
big recruit to the Allied combination,
millions that in all reason must prove
amply sufficient to complete the task
of conquering the brutal "Hun" and
thwarting his infamous scheme of
wnTld conquest and domination, the
militnry boast of all lands can not and
will not bo satisfied until all are bled
white and the last juicy morsel of cannon food hns been cast into its slavering jaws.
*       .#        *
The United Press says that Amorican
officials in France are carefully on
guard to make suro that tho American
soldiers are not contaminated by tho
vicious propaganda that is spread behind thc French lines by the Germans.
Any one who is possessed of moral fibre
of sufficient strength to withstand evon
the normally "vicious propaganda" of
the daily press of thiB western continent
during peace timeB, must certainly be
immune to anything the Germans may
be able to do in that line, even in times
of war.
Tho report that Mr. S. Gompors of
Washington was taken sick just at the
zenith of ono of his grandest flights
of oi%tory while holding the assembled
multitude enthralled at Quebec the
other day, turns out to have been incorrect. He was merely tired, so much
so much so in fact ns to be brought to a
condition of almost speechless collnpsc.
We can sympathize with Mr. Gompers,
because we know just how ill and tired
ho must have been feeling. Every
time he speaks we feel the sumo way,
only perhaps moro so.
But the combing out of these physi
colly fit and productive slaves of in
dustry is, indeed, a sacrifice that wUl
eventually be sorely felt by tho philanthropic employers of lnbor who, as
everybody well knows, lay awake
nights devising ways to do labor good,
and also plenty. For those laborers,
these physically fit and wonderfully
clever slaves of production, constitute
the very best and choicest property
owned by theso kind-hearted employers, and to lose such property is »*the
only loss that will cruelly wrench the
bourgeois heartstrings and painfuly
aenr and scorch and wither thc bourgeois soul. No more cruel, no moro
pninful sacrifice could be asked of any
living soul than thnt of surrendering
its property, its very means of life,
no matter how plausible the excuse for
the asking. And n right worthy hunch
enme into the slave who wrote the
headlines in questions when he pointed
out the sacrifice.
*        *        *
If this terrible wnr continues long
enough, the sacrificing employers of
labor may eventually find themselves
deprived entirely of Ihut proporty thut
brings to llieiu their revenue, thut delicious stream of good things that
comes unto them for nothing, oven as
milium fell down from heaven upon
the wandering .lews in the wilderness
once upon a time. Iu the end their
sacrifice will become their undoing. Of
one thing wo mny be sure nud that is
that the appetite of the military beast
will never be sutisfied so long ns there
is a single toothsome morsel left. Moro
cannon fodder is always its insatiable
demand, be it either in times of ignoble
uud enervating peace or iu times of
glorious and uplifting war. But be
that as it may the long-suffering employers will still be called upon to mako
f.irthor "sacrifices," There is little
doubt about that. Nobody olse will
mnke any, however, for no onc olse
has anything with which a real sacrifice can be made. It is only the owners of property who flan be qualified to
indulge in sacrificial propensities, or
who can speculate in sucriflcinl virtue.
No one* cist has anything lo sacrifice.
Slaves ure property, and there is no
other. Slaves cun not sacrifice their
lives, for they do not own them. These
belong to their musters and if a slave
falls by the wayside, either as an incident of war or ponce, the owner is
the only one who cnn suffer u property
Iohh or muke a sacrifice*   That is why
mployers ■' sacrifice when their
slaves ure intmoluted upon Ihe altar
of Mars. Children and fools may often
speak tltc truth, but sometimes news
writers nnd mnkers of headlines
blunder on to aa occasional ono,
Deuths at tho United States army
cantoncments for the week ending
April 12, wero 285, us ngainst 290 during the previous woek. Pneumonia
cluimed 103, homicide 1, suicide 2, meningitis 15, and the balance from a
•variety of othor ills. The non-effective
(sick) rato for tho lust day covered by
the report was for the National Guard,
37.8 per 100(Ufor thc Nationnl Army,
55.7 per l(IOO,Tfor tho Regular army in
the United States, including general
hospitals and the aviation section of
tho Signal Corps, 44.8 por 1000.
The most touching display of loyalty
and devotion to country that has yet
como within our kon is thnt of the 400
convicts in the New Mexico stato penitentiary who tarred, feathered and led
around with a rope about hia neck,
Major John M. Birkner of Crimp Cody,
held in the penitentiary ns a federal
prisoner and charged with violation of
the Espionage Act. In the face of such
patriotism us that the world may be
considered perfectly safe for democracy
and all of its glorious-institutions, including the penitentiary along with the
less notable and outstanding.
PARM'S PURPOSELY
PENNED PARAGRAPHS
The April bulletin of tho U. S.
bureau of statistics declares that
"price fixing in Germany has been n
flat failure; that profiteering exists
everywhere, und that tho upper classes
arc rolling in wealth whilo the masses
are in abject poverty. Not during to
tax the people directly, money is raised for the war by floating loans,
These loans, although taken to some
extent by the wealthy claBses, aro really paid for by the people who havo to
pay exorbitant prices." The "loans"
referred to are probably slavory loans,
in contradistinction to the other well
known variety. Tho picture drawn by
the "bulletin," however, clearly
shows how ineffective tho autocratic
broom is in awceping back tho tide of
the inevitable, as compared with the
democratic broom of this happy western lund. Just tnke note of the way
prices are "fixed," profiteers curbed
in their unholy purposes, nnd loans aro
taken by the poor, whilo tho wealthy
aro made to pay "exorbitant"prices
on this side of tho Atlantic.
Fred Anderson, a member of tho
Oakland Boilormakers union, was recently mobbed by his union brethren
at the Moore & Scott shipbuilding plant
in thnt eity, beeause he did not see his
way clenr to buy a "Liberty Bond,
He was facing nn indebtedness of
some $300 nnd wns drawing barely
sufficient wuges to keep his family,
consisting of a wife nnd four children.
The firm hnd the decency to put Anderson bnck to work nftor tho magnificent display of "each for all and all
for each" made by his brethren in the
great cause. When slaves will voluntarily nn'd with grent gloe shnko themselves- down of the remnnnts of their
miserable wages in order to finnncc the
schemes aad enterprises of thoir masters, a spectacle is afforded that should
make angels weep and tho devil chortle with a great joy, but when theBO
miserable poltroons turn to in crowds
to shake down those among thom who
still possess the rudiments of manhood,
the risibilities of nil the devils in hell
should bc su excited ns to burst tho
buttons from their asbestos garmonts.
If such acts aro to bo takon as evidences of patriotism it leads to tho
conclusion that that much touted
virtue, like piety, is often usod as a
cloak for sooundrelism of the lowest
nndjnost oxocrublo type.
The Wall Street bunkers ure energetically waging a campaign for thrift
among the workers. Tho renson for thiB
is alleged to be the absolute certainty
of a tremendous and world-wide collapse
of businoss uetiVity immediately upon
thc closo of this most glorious wnr, and
tho widespread unemployment thnt will — r-.
follow.   If the workers can bo taiight I Ottawa.
<J   So far the ramifications of tho press
gang have not seriously extended to tho
profiteers of Canada.
<g   The workers of Canada are aurely
receiving what they voted for at the
last federal election,
C|   What has became of that "Turn-to-
the-Right" legislation!   Did it, too, get
caught in thnt B, C. E. R. lobby at
Victoria!
f( Some Vancouver city employees
have been receiving less wages than
common Chinese coolies nre being paid
by the Canadian Pacific Railway.
<J It ia alleged that all invalid soldiers in tho Tranquillo sanatorium and
elsewhere are to be discharged and put
into "civics" on an allowance of $10
per month,
l| Canada's war bill for tho past year
amounted to a million dollars a day.
A.nd tho returned soldiors feel pretty
dejected at the results that have been
obtained right at homo,
_ Loafing is now illegnl, but thc real
estate offices in Vnncouver are still harboring a great number of able-bodied
persons. And thero is an over-abundant
supply of lawyers und prenchera.
«fl The bell-hops at Ottawa for thc
Big Intorests aro threatening to tnke
off the war tax on Big Business and
raise the revenue by placing a ono cent
taxation on overy dollar turnover.
_ Tho Vancouver Morning Sun is out
to becomo the official organ of Tokio
and Pekin Btreots, Just how tho two-
pago appeal to patronize Oriental merchants will go down with tho other advertisers of the Sun rumor snyeth not.
«j Tho B. C. Legislature has adjourned. What will tho Great Wnr VeteraitB
do betweon now and the next session?
Wc suggest tbat they join tho Federated Labor Party, and tako mnss action
with tho rest .of tho working class.
*_\ The now parliament buildings, now
in course of construction nt Ottawa,
will cost $5,000,000 when completed. It
is oxpected that they will be completed
in time to sent tho Labor government,
to be elocted at tho next federal elections.
_ Sammy Gompers was called to Ottawa to help sidetrack the insistent de-,
mands of Labor for better conditions, j
and to put a crimp in the new Labor
party. The Canadian sitaution was too
tough for Sammy to handle. He went
away a sick man.
fl The clearing of Central Park for
tho.benefit of the residents of South
Vnncouver has been abandoned, owing
to the financial condition of the provincial goyernmont. Why should nny-
body's plcusure be considered by a
business government!
<5 What has becomo of tho conscription of wealth policy, enunciated by tho
Union government when seeking election a few months ago? War tax removals in times like these do not listen
right to those who nre contributing
man-power.
fl If the alleged statesmen of Cnnada
could listen to somo of the conversations .between returned and discharged
stddiers in this locality, they would be
apt to tulk turkoy to the food hogs and
profiteers—provided thoy figured on
holding their jobs,
fl If tho government of Canada really wanted to see more wheat raised
this year why not go into the wheat
raising business itself. It has the lund
in tho northwest, it can secure th
equipment and thore's lots of help
available provided there is nothing in
tho schome for tho profiteers.
fl It is estimated that there are forty
billion tons of the best iron ore in the
world in British Columbia, which hns
hardly beon scratched. The Lnbor gov-
erttmont which B. C. will have after the
next election, will find plenty of uso for
this ore in building labor-Baving machinery, in order that the workers can
get down to a four-hour dny.
fl Tho only way to compel officials of
organized labor to-Bhoulder responsibility is to havo them assumo it. This
they can hardly do if ignored by tho
authorities. When the govornment of
Canada emulates tho example of all the
other allied countries, it will have somo
excuse for finding fault with the attitude of organized labor. But not till
then.
fl Last year the C. P, R. paid a war
tax of something liko *4,000,000. This
year the Union government, to show
thnt it is particularly drastic, is levying a tax of $7,000,000. This ahould
impress wngc-earnors. The net profits
of the C. P. R., largely duo to war-
timo conditions, for thc last fiscal year,
were but a paltry $40,000,000, as
against .$14,000,000 in normal times.
Such severity on the part of tho Union
government is almost unbenruble, but
it is in keeping with thc policy of
the profiteer,  now  in  tho snddlo  nt
Dentistry!
Orowni, Bridjei ud Filing,
made the Hffli ehade m yon own
natural tntt.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evening!  7:80 to 8:80.
Dental nurse io ettendenee.
COB.   OBAJTVXLLB   AND   BOBSOV
STUBTS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 6288
COWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
PBIHTEBS  AMD  PUBLISHEBS
Printers to The Federatlontst
The   Federntionist   is   produced   from
our   modern   nowspaper   printing   plant.
ZVOOBFOBATBD 1865
Bank of Toronto
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Deposits   03,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savintl Account mar be
opened it Tie Buk ol Toronto
io the names of two or autre
person,. Io theu account, oither
porti mar elm caoonos or depoelt
Money. For the different memben ol
• family oiilmi Joint aeeonnt la
often a great convenience. Intereat la
paid on balance!.
Vanconver Branch:
Conor laeuaie ui Cambie Street.
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The Back of British North America
Bitabllahol ln 1836
Bronchos   throughout   Canada   and   at
New York,  Ban  Franeiaco and Daweon
Savings Department
;At The J. N. Harvey Olothing Stores-
Lighter
Underwear
for Men
A very complete stock at
lower prices than you can buy
same goods elsewhere for
Zimmerknit—Two-thread Balbriggan
Combinations—Made in short sleeve and ankle
length, long sleeve and ankle length, and short
sleeve and knee length. Both A ■• nr*
white natural.   Our price <P » ataaaJ
Shirts and Drawers—
Our price, each	
65c
White Pourous Combinations
Short sleeve and knee length.
Our price only	
$1.25
Tooke's Athletic Combinations—
In white "Nainsook," sleeveless and knee length,
with knitted clastic waistbands. A*   ng
Our price only %p 1 laiw
Stanfield's Medium Weight Elastic-rib Underwear
A most comfortable and durable garment for men
who prefer light *<■   rtg
wool.   Our price, combinations «P 1 teiiu
Shirts and Drawers— <tO Crt
Our prico «p£*OU
Working Shirts in great variety of materials and
' '     style, mostly with collars attached, but sonic have
separate collars of some material.
Exceptional values at $1, $1.25, $1.50 and $2
"Railroad" Shirts—In fast dark bltfo zephyr, with
two separate collars to match. (fcO OC
Our price *p_[t,__0
Overalls, union-made in blue and white stripe and
black only.   Our A.<   *___
special price   «p 1 ,£_%}
Carhartt Overalls—In blue, black, blue and white
stripe.   Our
price	
$2.25
Regular
Heavy Canvas Gloves—Elastic wristcd;
25c.   Our price 15c a pair.
We want you to know and use our
store servioe. It will be to your advantage as well as ours.
Remember the address—
125-127 Hastings W.
Also 614-616 Yates Street .
VICTORIA, B. 0.
Look for the Big Red Arrow "ip FBIDAT. May 3, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATldNIST
PAGE SEVEN
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of May 6
EDYTHE ELLIOTT IN
"The Eternal
Magdalene"
Amazing, Instructive. It will bold
you spellbound.
Order your seats NOW.   You
shouldn't miss lt.
Prices:    16c, 30c, 40c.
ORPHEUM
BALCONY MOW OPEN*
Week of May 6th
Tba American Actor
WILTON LAOKATE ln 'The Ferret'
DOOLEY AND NELSON
COLE,   EUSSELL AND  DAVIS
SHEEHAN AHD BEGAT
3—DABINO SISTEBS—3
"7"   ZISKA AND KINO   "
OLAIBE  BOCHESTER
Evenings:    3flc, 40o. B5c. 80e
Matinee:      20c. 30c and  65c
COLUMBIA
Mon.—Tues.—Wed.
DASHINOTON'S  8   TRAINED
DOOS
Comedy, Dancing, Singing,
Good Stories
4—BIO AOTS—4
ROBERT WARWICK, ln
"Tbe False Friend"
5c, 15c, 20c Boxes 30c
PANTAGES
™ NEXT wm
The Spectacular Mystery "The Notorious
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 Other Big Features	
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TWENTY-FIVE YEABS AGO
Tndes and Labor Oouncll.
[Friday,  May  5,  1893]
J. J. Shlnabarger, Typographical Union
No. 226,   took scat  ns  delegate.
Seattle Centrnl Labor union invited at-
tendance of delegatea to labor convention
called for June 5 ut Seattle.
On motion of Oeo. Pollay and Ooo. Bartley. It wns resolved to ask the city counoil
to erect bathing sheds and otli.-r -enliven-
iences on foreshore of English Day for freo
use of tho public.
Decided to Oppose carrying proponed
street rnilwny guarantee bylaw. Council
favored municipal ownership of the road.
WINNIPEG LABOR PARTY
HAS STRONG LOCAL
' Plenty of Support Being Given Branch
of Newly Organized Dominion
Labor Party
The Winnipeg branch of the Domin
ion Labor Party is now fully organized
and its committees at work. It has issued a manifesto to every worker,
whether belonging to trade unions or
not, to join with its ranks. The dues
are $1 for six months and tho party
will hold meetings the first Wednesday
in every month. Provision is made in
the constitution for the affiliation of
trade union, socinlist organizations,
etc.. on a per capita rate of threo cents
per month per member, a delegnte for
every fifty members being sent to tho
party. The Electrical Workers did not
wait for a call from the exocutive, but
joined up right away. A convontion of
ull branches in Canoda is looked forward
to in tho near futuro for tho purposo
of drafting a platform. The Labor ro-
presentation committee and the Social
Democratic Party have manifested
their desire to join tho Winnipeg
branch in a body. G. Barlow, western
representative for the Amalgamated
Society of Carponters and Joiners, is
socrotary of tho Winnipeg Labor
Party, He made a trip to the Twin
Cities and organizod a branch with 75
members,
Leaves Shortly to Re-enter
Game in Big: League
of Politics
PANAMAS
UNTRIMMED    STBAW    SHAPES
New Arrivals $1.98 and up'
Beautiful    Selection
Exceptional    Values
Don't Fall to See Our Display
THE PATRICK GO.
MILLINERY
Tel. Sey. 3291
532 OBANVILLE STBEET
Many * Politician Glad to
See Him Leave, and
Make More Room
Whilo thore arc somo good Liberals
in Vancouver who will neither attend a
farewell tp Joo Martin nor attend, his
funeral fbr that mattor, a largo number'
nevertheless turned up on Tuosday night
nt Eagle's hall to speed "Fighting
Joe" away from British Columbia, and
sic him onto the politics of England.
Tho gathering took the form of a
smoker, undor tho auspices of tho Progressive Liberal club, and what Joe
might have expected to hear about himself in the ovont of his demise being
prematurely reportod, he hoard on that
occasion. According to the speakers,
Joe Martin is about the last word in
human intelligence, honesty and all
thoso sort of qualities which bolong to
angels. Upt ono of them expressed anything but deep regrot that. Joe was
shaking the dust of British-Columbia
.off his feet, and they did it in a sort of
"Here's-your-hat, - what's-your-hurry,"
way. One speaker was quite honest about
saying when Joe was gone thore would
be more business for logal sharks to
divvy up, for, it is said, "Fighting
Joe" has been pulling down a few of'
the fat plums which othor members of
the fraternity would like to have had.
The way Joe has come to Ms decision
to take another fly ovor to England is
a story of luck. He organized a coal
mines company combination, or something of the sort, and in the organizing
Joe got for his trouble a considerable
slice of coin, putting him once more in
the class .of affluence, so that he can
raid tho English again.
Some months ago Joe did a similar
farewell, landed on English soil, and
tho next thing hoard of him ne was
comfortably seated in the British parliament, and having the samo good old
Martin ructions with all and sundry.
Ho was elected to represent the Liberal
party then, but on tho understanding
that he wus to support tho Labor members if ho wanted to hold his job. Martin got acquainted with the forty Labor
membors of the British house, and they
must havo been pretty woll on the
Bquar-e, judging-by what the old war-
horse told the Progressives. Ho said
that outside of the Labor memberB and
tho Irish contingent, he had his doubts
of tho rest, for they woro out for serving privato interests and not tho people.
So this time "Fighting Joe" will go
to Englnnd detormined to line up with
tho LaboriteB, who have thrown down
tho old barriers against anybody but a
trade unionist being eligible to be a
candidate in tho interests of tho Labor
party. Joe liked tho Labor membera
ho met, and whon ho scrutinized their
platforms ho was pleased to find thoy
agreed with his principles, so-he will be
numbered among them, and no doubt
will contest ono of the British ridings
in tho gonernl olection duo noxt October, according to all signs. Martin told
the crowd that the coalition government
was doomed, its day wore numbered, and
all parties woro^oaring decks for action. He is still tho member for East
St. Pancras, but whether or not he will
again be u candidato for that constituency in tho general elections, he docs
not know. At any rate, if he iB, it Vill
bo for the Labor party, which ho believes is the coming party in the old
country. It might be suggested to Joo
before he. leaves this city, that tho Fed-
orated Labor Party iB the coming powor
in British Columbia, and if he remained,
ho might seo fit to lino up with Labor
hero, instead of in tho old country.
However, "Fighting Joo" is leaving
British Columbin to take another crack
at British politics, and friends and foes
will wish him well, especially politicians
who, with Joe out of the way, will have
a better chanco, perhaps, to get to tbe
top of the heap. One thing may bo
said of tho departing figure in Canadian
politics—he was ever a fighter, and ho
took defeat smiling always. Of his hon-
OBty thero never was a quostion, and
British Columbia, when ho leaves, will
lose a valuable citizen.
BRANTFORD LABOR PARTY •
MAKES GOOD SHOWING
Elects  Mayor   and  Three  Aldermen
Witb Deficit! of $200 on
Their Hands.
There is no more energetic or go-
ahead working-class organization in all
Canada than tho Brantford branch of
tho Independent Labor Party of Ontario, which bus set a pace it will take
some going for its sister branches to
catch up with, says The Banner. After
tho federal general election had been
fought the Brantford boys, with a deficit of moro than *200 on their hands,
put up a sensational enmpaign, only a
week later, in tho municipal elections,
and succeeded in electing to the mayoralty by a tromendouB majority, M. M.
MacBrido, whom thoy hud also supported in tho former election. Thoy also
succeeded in electing throe aldermanic
candidates.
Then they wont to work with thoir
sleeves rolled up to wipe out the first
election deficit, with such good results
that it was not long before all liabili-
'ios wore mot and a snug balance of
$400 reposed in the branch treasury.
And tho local has boon boosted up with
300 new mombcrs.
May Day at Coquitlam.
The May Day celebration inaugurated at Coquitlam by the Laborers,
Riggiera and FaBtenors union of tho
city and Now Westminster was a complete success, and the dance in ' tho
evening equally so. Tho attendance
was sptendid, tho day was beautiful,
tho sports well contested and, above
all, the children as happy and bright
as tho proverbial flowers in May.
Messrs. Charlio Twelves and Tom Ballard, the indefatignblo committeo workors who practically conducted the whole
gala day, are to bo congratulated, and
tho fature permanency of the institution iB almost guaranteed. Messrs.
Claro and Summers, the union officials,
arc also to bo credited with a portion
of its success. •
Vancouver now claims to have an industrial payroll of a million per month
—due to shipbuilding activity.
It eost $105,159 to operate the food
control department from date of organization to the end of December.
Canada's wheat production last year
was 225,000,000 bushels. This year the
estimated requirement is 400,000,000
bushels.
A bill is before the house at Ottawa
aiming to aid and encourage the organization of employment offices throughout
the Dominion.
Canada's Ave hundred milion dollar
war appropriation bill has passed into
the committee stage. It took five minutes to pass it.
Tho provincial labor bureaus throughout Alberta now report a surplus of
farm labor. An unusual number of married couples have offered their services.
It is expected that the United States
will establish a Canadian credit to
cover the adverse balanco of trade
against Canada and to help finance-war
purchases.
Tho total value of production in the
forest industries of British Columbia
last year was $48,913,115, compared
with $35,528,000 in 1910, an increase of
$13,385,115, or about 38 per cent.
ST. JOHN'S, Nfld.—The Pluindealer,
a weekly publication, hns been suppressed by tho police under tho War Measures Act. The papor contained an article attacking the conscription bill.
The Winnipeg Joint Terminals railway has signed its first agreement with
the Maintenance-of-Way Employees'
union. The new rates nro $3.90 a day
for foremen and $2.60 for day laborers.
Bevelstoke trustees are rather proud
of the fact that they can get teachers
at an average of $6 per teacher less
than any other point in the province.
Tho average pay there to 19 teachers is
$77.63.
Firemen of Hull, Ont., have organizod a union and affiliated with the
Trades and Labor council. All the men-,
23 members, joined. It is rumored that
policemen of the city are forming a
union.
North Vancouver firemen have demanded two weeks holidays annually.
A raise asked for by the men recently was granted, but the annual holidays
which the men had been receiving were
cancelled.
Thero is great activity in tho metal
trades along organization lines in Winnipeg just now, the most strenuous efforts being made to keep that city in
line with tho same trades in other cities
of tho Dominion.
OTTAWA—The Soldiers Aid commission iB still finding it hard to find places
for the largo army of veterans looking
for light work, tho only kind they aro
able to do, on account of wounds or
other disabilities suffered overseas.
British Columbia haa now over 350
milch goats, owned chiefly in small lots.
The goat industry in the provinco is
growing vory fast. The milk iB proving
highly nutritious and sanitary, the
goats boing practically immune from
tuberculosis.
The following publications arc forbidden by tho censor: "Tho Battle of
Armageddon," publishod by tho International Bible Students Association,
and "Tho Class Struggle" magazine,
published by the Socialist Publications
socioty of Now York.
Civic employees of the Ottawa
waterworks department havo been
granted the wage increase demanded.
The incrcaso amounts to about 40 cents
per day. Time and a*half for overtime up till midnight and double time
after midnight.
For the first time in the history of
the organization, the representatives of
the Toronto locals of the International
Association of Machinists havo signed
up an agreement with the Toronto Employers' association, which provides for
a substantial increase in wages.
One of the dismissed policemen at
Ottawa has four sons at tho front, two
of whom are lying in hospital. "They
went," he said ,"to flght for democracy, but not to defend autocracy that
ih meted out by the chief of police."
Another member haB threo brothers at
the front.
Accdrding to a nows dispatch, J. L.
Payne, controller of statistics at Ottawa, -has Btated that the C. N. R. common stock is worBo than worthless aB it
carries with iti obligations of tho Canadian people. Incidentally it carried thc
15 per cent, incrcaso in rates for the
people to pay ita bonds.
Considerable consternation has been
caused in the city of Hull, Que., as the
rosult of promiscuous shooting by militnry polico in rounding up a deserter.
The deserter was a conscripted man
who refused to surrender, aud was mak>
ing his getaway in a congested district
when flred at and hit by the police.
HAMILTON, Ont.—Threo men wero
killed and a number injured in an ox-
plosion at the plant of the Hamilton
Tar and Ammonia company. The dead
are: Alfred Ingram, superintendent;
Harry Sylvester, Georgo Cameron, Tho
direct causo of the accident is unknown. The force of tho explosion
hurled two of the men through a brick
woll.
"Things in the Labor pnrty in Great
Britain havo takon a'fctrn which it will
bo possible for mo to associate myself
with the Labor party in the British
house. "—Joseph Martin, K. C, according to a dispatch from Vancouver, So
it is just about time to hoist tho storm
signul for the attention of the British
Labor party and to advise that thoy
double their guards at all entrances.—
Winnipeg Voice.
Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and
Prince Edward Island produce no conl
for themselves, and Saskatchewan and
Now Brunswick very littlo. British Columbia; Nova Scotia and Alberta produce largely. Manitoba and Saskatchewan each require a little more than two
mHlion tons a year, while Alberta and
British Columbia regularly produce
about two million tons altogether more
than they require.
The negotiations with the Grand
Trunk Railway company by thc members of the Canadian Brothorhood of
Railway Stationmon and Railway Employees' Alliance, aro still going ou, one
of the Ottawa officials of the union
stated last Saturday. The company has
been presented with the graduated scale
of increases asked for tho various
classes of employees, ranging all tho
way up to a 75 per cent, ndvance for
tho poorer paid men, This is still being
considered. Sinco the negotiations
started tho local union hns received
many new members, and it is stated
that the employoes affected arc practically one hundred per cent, orgnnized.
'Splendid Values
-IN-
FABRIC
GLOVES
Including women's Cham-
oisette Gloves in two-dome
style at $1.00 a pair.
"Women's Silk Gloves with
double finger tips, white
or blaok, at 50^ and 851
a pair.
Children's White Silk
Gloves in all sizes at 75tp
a pair.
Women's Silk Gloves with
double finger tips, good
fitting, shown in white,
black, pongee, champagne,
grey or navy at $1.00 a
pair.
Children's Chamoisette
Gloves in white or natural
at $1.00 a pair.
umn
575 Granisillc 'Phone Sey. 3540
E
Hepburn's Bald Pate Nov
Adorned by Fine Example
of Hairdressing
Delegates Representing 50,-
000 Railway Workers
in Montreal
Prominent representatives of skilled
trades in the shops of all the railways
of Canada are gathering this woek in
Montreal to diseuBs with representatives of the various railway companies
questions directly affecting tho interests of 50,000 members of labor unions,
and indirectly affecting the national
life of the country.
They como with a mandate carried
by referendum, dealing with the wages
of workers, hours of labor, and the
duration of working agreements, The
delegates are mon chosen by No. 4 Division of tho Federation of Railway
WorkerB in the Bhops of all the railways of Canada, and their mission is
to obtain by conference with a subcommittee of the Canadian Railway
Association for National Defenco, tho
demand of tho workors.
If they fail, thon, according to one
of the leading members of the delegation, the outcome will bc bad for tho
employoes concerned, for railway companies, and also for the wholo Do
minion, *
''Failure would mean a gigantic
strike, work stopped in shops of every
railwuy of Canada, and transportation
of passengers and material held up for
want of rolling stock and men to do
necessary repairs to stock at present
in activo use," said the delogate.
The big question to be discussod is
that of minimum wages. The men
want a standard minimum rate all
ovor Canada and no difference as at
presont between east and west. The
difference now is ten cents between
these points, the west of course being
the highor figure. An increase for the
west is demanded and also that tho
eastern rate be brought up to correspond. An oight-hour day is also demanded for all workers at shop trades
and a thirty-six day agroemont for all
concerned instead of a yearly ono as
in the past.
DESPOTS OF DEMOCRACY
[New York Herald)
Tho tendency of tho individual Is not towards the jealous maintenance of his personal
rights. Tho mastering impulse of the busybody is to impose his convictions upon everybody. The busybodies mnke up in clamor
what they lark in mun hew and deafen nations no less than communities by their calls
upon high heaven to witness that they only
aro respectable and that tho acceptance of
thoir notions In essential to the salvation of
tho stato.
Humanity moves in its own way slowly hill
surely along the lines of betterment. But
the sifting process of ,tho ages agrees In tin
wiso with the hop-skip-and-a-jump mentality
of tho busybodies. In consequence Is their
demand that the law step in and reconstruct
mankind over night in the mould presort bod
by themselves.     *
Of course, ths law does nothing of the
kind. Timorous legislators and "pussyfoot-
ed" executives yield to the threatening demands of organized busybodies, and occasionally an inspired nss with a cert ideate of election in Jiis pocket originates vexatious legislation. Hut the annoyance comes principally
from unofficial bnsybodies who prninole legislation designed to make the common herd
conform to thoir ideas. The consequence is
that tho law bicomos ridiculous, or oppressive, or ihe Instrument of corruption. From
tho statute making mnndatnry the length of
tied sheets iu hotels tho gamut runs to the
vicious so-called Mann Act, with various
commissions, censorshtpa and preposterous
police regulations scattered In between. The
necessary number of public servants is swollen by swarms of official parasites, who are
tnken away from the producing class and
who find in oppression n justification for
their continuance on the public salary roll.
Tt is time to call n halt. The conntioB, the
states nnd th? nntion. as Mr. Willis, of Ohio.
remarked recently,  are  governed tn death.
Tt has been said that groat reforms have
been effected not by the ?nnctmont of new
laws, but by repeal o( existing statutos.
First Public Appearance at
Martin   Send-off  Was
Unqualified Success
When a man becomes sufficiently bald
nowadays he has tho consolation that
the hairdressers' art can conceal the
fact by a toupeo of such excellence as
to effect a complete disguise of a man's
early piety in damp churches. Tho
numbor of bald men who aro now wearing perfectly nice wigs is increasing.
Almost anybody in your immedinto circle eau check off in the list of acquaintances a man or two, or more, who has
his billiard ball suitable camouflaged.
But there are bald mon who still persist in displaying the nakedness of
their nobs to the stare of tho world,
aa it were, and theso view with disquiet the dosertion from their ranks,
especially of any well known citizen.
The latest bald-headed man to adopt
the style, after being one of the shining lights of bald-headed row for a
number of years, is our old friend Walter Hepburn, formerly well known
momber of tho Bricklayers union but
of recent years a non-union contractor
of affluence and, more recently, tho
censor of the motion picture films
whieh come to British Columbia.
While not over-fastidious, generally
speaking, Walter has always paid considerable attention to his personal appearance, even in the days when he
was getting callouses on his hands and
grime on his overalls with the rest of
the gang. But that was a considerable
stretch of time ago, and as the years
rolled on and Walter's bankroll continued to roll up into a building or
two on the main thoroughfares, he bo-
came more and moro surtorially ex*
excellent and perfect, but—zounds! his
hair! It was slipping just when by all
the wishes of Walter it should havo
been growing with a glossy sleekness
iu keeping with his manly form under
the...tailor's care. So the years wont
on and Walter'b hair boenmo thinner
and-thinner with the years, till finally
he reached that stago so many know
so well when thore wore too few hairs
to cosher the bold spot any more, then
came a period of fearful depression
and finally the holferdam feeling that
they could all go and be dinged. So
Walter at last became bald as the ordinary billiard ball.
It was roported some years ago that
tho hairdresser made Walter fall fo> a
toupeo but it was too hot on Mb head,
or slipped off at timoa most embarrassing, or something. Anyway, for a
long tfme Walter had becomo a backslider into the ranks of bald headed
row.
But he has been reviewing for some
months the films which came before
him for judgment. And there were
constantly, day in and dny out, passing beforo his eyes the handsome heads
of hair of the movie stars. Not a bald
ono among them. The characters wliich
did bear tho bold pates, however, woro
for, the most part old hiusbecns, and
fnr be it from Walter to ever acknowledge himself in this class.   Oh, no.
Did Walter detect on some of those
splendid fllm stars' heads, by n microscopic scrutiny, a toupee, by any
chance?   Perhnps.
Anyway .
Last Tuosday night "Fighting Joo'-
Martin was fnrowelled by the Progressive Liberals at a smoker in Engle
hall, the Baid "Fighting Joe" huving
decided to throw his hat in tho Old
Country ring ngnin. Tho party was
merrily milling about, or sitting around
tables, ond a spirit of hatchet-burying
and good fellowship abounded. Whon
in sauntered u strnnger about whose
appearance something was familiar. It
was ascertained by inquiry that it was
no stranger at all. It was Walter Hepburn, with his usually shiny pnte
ndorned with a splendid wig of long,
nicely combined and muscillaged iron-
gray* hair—just like some of the "old
at thirty" banking characters in the
movies. After being introduced nil
round to his old friends again, and they
being assured it was Walter and not nn
idol of the motion pictures, cougratulai
tions on his general offect were numerous, v
ANACONDA, MONT.—H. C. Lind. who
was alleged to have used profane'and so-
ditions langnuge In refusing to subscribe
to tho liberty loan, was discharged from
hie employment here and was inarched by
a crowd of fallow workmen through the
streets and compelled tn kiss tho flag during
halts.
Llnboln Steffens says thnt ho has positive
knowledge lhat the capitalist and autocrat
powers of Oermany. Italy. Kngland and
Prance arc planning an Imperial.. pence
after the western front drive reaches a
climax nnd Is tn bc culled off as a draw. If
such is tljo case then there was good reasons
for tho prevention of tho International I'eace
Conference, '
A mob of F.verett clttains raided the
I. W. W. headquarters recently, smashed
th? plate glass windows and all tbo lights,
Chopped down tho furnishings and burned
them In the street, tore down the plumbing
and batter 1d down the plaster. One nf tho
charges often made against the I. W. W. Is
thnt of the "destruction of property." None
of the above property belonged to the
T. W. W. except a talking machine-/
I Want To Suit You
T WANT to have yon oome baok to me for your next suit—
•***■ and your nest—and the one after that So when I make
your flnt Tom-the-Tailor, I'm going to give you a suit that
you'll ihow to everybody and be proud of. I'm going to give
you the design you want—no matter whether you prefer the
close-fitting fashion of the moment or the more conservative
styles. If you have ideas of your own, the designer will embody them in your pattern. Tou will surely be well suited
with a Tom-the**Tailor. You know about my great stock of
British woollens and the low prices I charge for the highest
quality fabrics in existence.
Men's Suits, to measure, from $30 up
Women's Man-tailored Suits,from $40 up
WOK
632(hkWW£LE
314HASMGSW
UNION SHOP
BATTLE DRUMS OF
f
Most Important Work Before Us Is to Organize
Working Class
Twenty Districts Are About
Ready for Coming
Political Scrap
[By H. W. Watts]
Every day furniaUes fresh proof of
tho rapid growth and spread of the
ideas that we represent.   In all lands increase in wagos.
word from the secretaries, or anyone
else, of the various branches from time
to time. ThiB ought to be one of the
orders of business for every branch be*
cause we must keep our activities, no
matter how trivial they may seem, before the membership. If every secretary made a point of writing to us at
least once a month we could keep this
column the most interesting in the
whole edition.
Vaneoaver Membership Growing.
The Vancouver membership still continues to climb. One body of men, the
carpenters, has 350 members lln tbe
party today and it must be admitted
that 350 is quite a little movement in
itfiolf. Tho meeting in the Bex theatre
last Sunday was addressed by Pte.
Barnard, veteran of two. wars, South
African and European, und by J. H.
Hawthornthwnite, Labor M. P. P., and
Organizer Hurdy. This is the second
meeting under the auspices of the
F. L. P. and both havo been big successes.
' One hundred and fifty members of
the Civic Employees have poined the
party. Pifty-threo joined before the
prosent troublo atnrted and the rest
joined sinco council refused request for
there is tumult and puBh. The battle-
drums of tho proleturiat are sounding.
That cluss which occupies the Beats of
tho mighty is looking around for shelter from the coming storm, because
they know not what the storm haB in
store for them. Yes, thc old social
order is crumbling -and a new world
will rise thorefrom. It is now time to
orgunizo for the coming chango—the
revolution. It is no time to haggle
over words, nor to fight shy of human
beings whoso knowledge of Marx is
limited to a few phrases. It is time
to orgunizo the great muss. Nine men
and womon out of ten today are rebels
down in their own hearts. All thnt Is
now needed is meu of enough force,
knowledge and energy to direct the
musses.   Yes, we said direct the masses.
Oood Meeting at Nanaimo.
Chas, Lestor addressed a good big
meeting at Nanaimo last Sunday evening and wus well roceived. A. number
of very interesting questions were asked and answered at the close of the
address. J. Hodgkinsou occupied the
chair.
Hawthornthwaite at Ladysmith.
"Jim" Hawthornthwnite and somo
locul spoakers addressed a very successful meeting in Ladysmith last Sunday week and were given a good reception, nays Secretary Allan McDonald, in writing for moro application
blanks and  membership cards.
OOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES
WANT WAGES RAISED
Demands of Delegation Aro Promised
Careful Consideration By
the Whole Cabinet
A deputation representing the employees in Ihe outside service of the
post offlco, public works, customs ami
n la ml rovoiruo departments waited
upon membors of tho fedoral government last week, with a request thai
lo such civil servants lie granted an allowance, in addition to their prosont
salaries, to oontptmsato thom for the increase in thu eost of living in recent
years, Thoy pointed oui thai according
to the slatemeiilrt of the Labor department Ihe eost of the weekly family
budgot  of staple commodities  lind  in*
eased since the war .began.
The delegation, whieh roprosonted
government employoes In all parts of
CailodUj numbered about sixty men,
Doliorty,  who replied, said  the gov-
ninenl was aware of the conditions
through whieh the people with small incomes were now passing.        •  ,
'Wo have listened lo you sympathetically," said the minister 6f justice,
"we shall gifo your request careful consideration and wfl hopo we shall bo able
to reach u solution which will be satisfactory." At Ihe same time he pointed
out that the question was one for consideration by the whole cabinet.
"Why is it," asks the Cnlgary Herald, "that these Military .Service regulations have to be so phrased as to be
unintelligible to the people they nre
supposed to lifted? A little more plain
English and less legal phraseology
would bc acceptable," In many instances the verbiage is, as another
paper says, so confusing that the officials appointed to enforce them experience difficulty in comprehending Iheir
real inieut.
Israel Weinberg, co-defendant with Tom
Mooney. is reported to have heen driven ont
of a  town  where he  wai  to  speak  on   m«
Everything points to tho fact that thoi half of^ Mooney^  .The^ppwora   that   he   in
masses must be led out of ruins of the
present system. Tho economic structure of capitalisin- is fnlling, yot the
musses have now leurnod even the name
of the now society that is to take the
place of tho old. If it is our desire
to bring into boing a co-operative commonwealth in place of the present capitalist system, then wo must thrust ourselves into tho melee, mount the platform, point the masses to tho government inst it u t fous and march them
thoreto.
A score of meu can handle the situu-
3ti in any city of they havo the
spirit und determination to fight for
industrial freedom. But that score
must huve become prominent enough
to gain the confidence of thc musses,
aud organizations will accomplish
this. Hence we must stop dividing our
forces with petty squabbles over hairsplitting diatribes and get down to thc
serious business of gaining tho goodwill and support of the proletariat.
Whon the hour for the revolution
breaks, the workers will rush forth
from the factories, mills und mines,
where they have produced all wealth
and been robbed of all but a bare existence, Thoy will troop from the
fields and farmynrds, where they have
toiled loi feed the idle rich. They all,
the hundreds and thousands and mil
linns, will make up the individual tinny
which will sweep from power the parasites who have fed these many years
upou the bodies of men, women and
children of the working class.
Our mission is to organize, organize,
organize.
Wo have made a splendid start.
Let's see to ih that there is no lot
up to this work.
About twenty districts tn B, 0. have
already been organized. These are carrying forward the work with great enthusiasm, but every district in the
whole province must bo in n position
to place a candidate of the party ih
tho Held for the next election.
Prince Ruport.
Geo, B. Casey reports that the local
now has a paid up membership of 83,
with recruits coming in daily. A strong
executive has beea elected and also u
committoe Of three to subdivide tho
city, each taking charge of a membership campaign in their particular district. ,T. H. Hawthornthwaite has been
asked to Speak in the city oil Labor
Day. A committee has also been, appointed to visit all the unions with .a
view of getting them to affiliate. The
branch has a Targe number of women
membors wbo are a big asset to the
carrying on of the work. Comrade
Onsoy says they will be nblc to take
good care of the situation in thc city
and hopes that other pnrts of tho
province will soon bo in a like shapo.
Queensboro Meoting Tnurfday.
A mooting will lie held in the
Queensboro firo hall, OD tlio south side
ef Fraser from New Westminster, next
Thursday evening. Chas. Lestor will
bo the principal speaker.
News Trom Everywhere.
The Federationist would like to get
Princo tried to bribe Weinberg, once woth
S5,000 und nnother time with $15,000 to
frame up on Mooney am! his refusal has
meant his being charged with participation
in  the  hoinh explosion.
OHBISTIANIA.—M. Trunnel, leader of
thn Socialists of the L?ft, wan sentenced io
no dnys' imprisonment at Trondhjeni tor
making provnentivo speeches. He wns
also charged with inciting thc workers to
follow tho example of the Bolsheviki in
Russia nnd form workmen's nnd soldiers
councils.
WASHINGTON—Upon motion of attorneys for tho Hitchmnn Conl & Coke compnny
of West Virginia contempt proceedings m*
stitt)ted by the company ngainst Prank J.
Hayes, president, nnd nine other officers
and members of the United Mine Workers
were withdrawn in the United States supreme court. No reason wns assigned by tho
coal attorneys.
Thc Jewish bakery workers have just concluded a happy Paster holiday. All the six
New York Jewish bakers' locals have collectively purchased a gigantic building, together with equipment, which will, in the
near future, he turned into a model bake
shop with most modem machinery.
Tho indictment of five prominent officers
and the jailing of hundreds of members of
thc Socinlist Party ot America has found
lis answer. The total members having paid
dues for the month of March numliercd 101,-
571, which Is 27.24-1 more than for the
same month of last  year.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY..
..May 3,   1918'
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FLOOB OR VERANDAH ENAMEL PAINT—Highest grade; all colors-
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lema Solved
Editor B. 0. Federationist: In tue good
old days, long before freedom bad bloomed
forth into tbe superlative perfection which lt
haB now. attained, wben tbe principal business of the Imperial government waB providing annuities for an over-increasing brood of
German dukeleta, certain memberB of the proletariat thought themselves entitled to a
share of nature's gifts.
Tbey occasionally snared "my bid's" rabbits or bis pheasants and gorged themselveB
upon these delicacies instead of fllling up
with baled bay, turnips or other stuff suitable for the working class stomach.
These demoralizing tendencies bad to be
squelched, but as the methods pursued in
other countries whose Christianity had reached the boiling point, were rather crude and
savoured of barbarism, we decided to deport
these atriocious culprits to the land of the
Southern CroBs, in a style which wonld uphold tho dignity of a nation which wis endeavoring to own a "Setless Sun."
for this purpose, a floating palace was
constructed for conveying tho said culprits
across tho waves. The UneB of this triumph
of marine architecture followed the popular
conception of Noah's Ark on a larger scalo.
No provision for the .care and comfort of tho
passengers was omitted. There were decks
innumerable, with a space of at least six
feet between them. The staterooms were
commodious 4x6 feet affairs, furnished with
a teak wood couch, and a bucket which was
emptied at  the  end of  every voyage regu
In case the passenger might tumble about
during stormy weather, his log was connected by a logging chain to a substantial ring
in tho wall. To aid bis soul in Its communion with God, there were no lights in his
sanctuary. ■
For tho regeneration of tho Bald soul, wi
had a room specially equipped with the para'
phernalia necessary for removing Binful
thoughts, such as poaching in "my bid's
preserves, non-conformity, etc. Among other
articles "too numerous to mention," we had
tacklo for hanging the patient up by the big
toes, branding irons, thumb screws and
stockB, but If those were ineffectual, we had
the "iron maiden" as a last resource. Sht
was a hollow cast iron figure of a woman!
tho front of which opened like a door and
she was bolted to tho "fur'd" hurricane
deck. Inside she was decorated with spikes,
and when tho patient wbb placed therein,
and the door closed, these spikes protruded
Into bis flesh. ,        _
From this position be could gaze through
her eyes, on the infinite   majesty   of   "our
deep, and reflect upon hiB hideous crime of
covetousnesB.
This glorious specimen of ruling power
may havo had aomethlng to do with the reception conscription got In tho Antipodes, as
no doubt many remember the landing and
voyage of those pilgrim fathers,
ThlB good ship, when her days of usefulness were done, wbb acquired by an enterprising Yankee, who saw In her some "easy
mon," who exhibited her In all the large
coast cities of the United States and South
America, at tho time when twisting the Hon s
tail was a favorite pastime among our Allies.
Two years ago she was lying at Beilingham,
where hydrostatics have boen the chief subject of study and conversation for somo timo.
It cost two hits to see the show.
Now, sir, I would suggest that "where our
two hearts beat again as one,'.' and "where
bb shipping is scarcer, owing to the activities
of the unspeakable Hun, Uncle Sam commandeer that boat and prosent her to thot aggregation of paytrlots known as the Union gov
ernment, to convey all Blockers, conscientious
objectors and those who turn up their pie-
bian noses at the hog profit knightlets, with
which the country Is being deluged, Xto thr
battlo fields of Europe. .      ,,     .
After a voyage over, in that noble relie ol
her former glory, if the mechanism and appliances ore proparly worked, they would
have tbiir evil tendencies corrected, so that
they would jump right into the genuine old
orthodox hell if requested to do so, They
would regard facing Gorman1 bullets, and
fighting for freedom nnd democracy ns just
a littlo relaxation.        _
PATTBIOT,
Wycliffe, April 16, 1918.
for debate or doubt; it is succinct, positive,
direct, and came direct from tbe Father.
Tho command is still there, old but ever
new, immutable, imperishable, ineluctable,
and leaves no space for quibbling or dissembling,    "Thou shalt not kill."
In every country and state where capital
punishment has been abolished capital
crimes have decreased and society can be
just as well protected by Bending our unfortunate criminals to penitentiary and putting them to some useful work and placing
their earnings at tbe disposal of those whom
he haB deprived of' a bread winner. This
would be more humane than sending their
unsaved souls into eternity.
Thero Is a superstition, older than history,
that if you do something as bad to your
enomy as he has done to you, you have
squared things up, have balanced the account and are ready to appear before tbe
Throne of Justice with clean bands. In
primitive times tho doctrine of an eye for
an eye and a tooth for a tooth was recognised as sound religion and was taught from
the pulpit on alternate Sabbaths with the
statement "Vengeance is mine; I will repay,
saith the Lord." Theoretically wo still believe in the latter statement. We think that
ho who takes tho life of another will suffer
In tho noxt world and we are impatient with
the Lord's slowness; we desiro to expedite
matters, to holp Him out, by sending tho
offender to his doom as quickly as con decently be done. So we hang him. This
would bo highly laudable could wo exhibit
tho badge,of a Divine deputy Bherlff, but
lacking this It Is mere meddling with the
affairs of the Almighty and raises the question whether wo are not collectively as criminal os tho fellow whom we hang. And if
we analyze our feelings wo aro likely to flnd
underneath a residuum of that very feeling
of revenge which Ib without reason, the
relic of savage impulse nnd often differing
little from the motive of the murderer himself.
ROBT, BICKEBDIKE.
Montreal, April 12, 1018.
Capital Punishment.
Editor B. C. Federationist:—I ha^e been
requested to state publicly my reasons for
requesting our government to abolish capital
punishment in Canada and in reply would
say, that, the death penalty is in flagrant
defiance of the Word of God as contained
in both tho Old and New Testaments, a relic
of barbarism and a rebellious usurpation of
a power which custom cannot justify.
The commandment "Thou shalt not kill
applies equally to the state as to the individual.     That   Imperative   command   issued
WALLACE
SHIPYARDS
LIMITED
THE PATRIOTIC FUND
Thero is force in the criticism which one
of our learned judges the other day levelled
againBt the Patriotic Fund.
Such o fund was well enough as a temporary expedient, wben nobody had any
idea how long or how collossal the struggle was destined to be.
But before now some better arrangement
should havo been made. The work dono by
tho fund is properly a public charge and
should be so treated.
Tho best plan would probably be to bave
the whole financial obligation taken ovor
by the Dominion. Ih dofault of this, tho
next best arrangement is to levy a regular
provincial tax, bb is being done by Manitoba
and Ontario.
Tho legislative session has beon allowed
to close without dealing with this mattor.
The legislature, however, will Bit again before the war ends.—Vancouver Daily Sun.
will then show them wbat we are going to
do with labor organizations." 'Now, Sir,
I say to you that If there Is an employer
of labor anywhere ln this country who believes that be bas simply got to wait until
tho war is over until he can return to his
former position of capitalizing the flesh and
blood of hia fellow beings in order that be
may use them for hla own selfish ends, he
is living in a fool's paradise. My opinion
is that that time will never return ln this
country again.
Another reason why organized labor is
somewhat skeptical is tnat governments and
parliaments In times past bave not been any
too ready to listen to tho legitimate demands of labor, while tbey have, as a rule,
I believe, been fairly ready to listen to tbe
importunities of those who would make use
of organized labor, We are passing out of
that stage, and the leaders of organized
labor must realize that we are passing out
of it, May I repeat, that, in order to attain the position thoy are aiming at they
must be called upon to accept the responsibilities that go with the privileges thoy
enjoy. Every advance politically that democracy has ever made has carried with it
a corresponding responsibility, and the leaders of organized labor must accept that
responsibility.
WHO ARE THE TRAITORS?
'Traitor" and treason are terms of such
common current usage that they, have lost
all signification. True it is that the land
is filled with traitors; but thoy are not
the liberty-loving Individuals who defend
open opinion and Insist upon the right of
freo discussion, Tho traitors aro those who
so basely hove betrayed thoir country and
all mankind by violating the constitution and
denying to our citizens the rights It guarantees; who treat the Jaw of tho land with
contempt and Ignoro its overy provision, in
dealing wilh all persons whoso ideas they
disapprove; who flagrantly disregard each
principle of that democracy they falsely proclaim; who have frustrated freedom; ravished the Goddess of Liborty; and ruthlessly trampled upon the moBt sacred of humnn
rlghtB. They havo dono those things arrogantly, ob the official possessors of autocratic
power, or have dono them furtively, like
tho   crawling   cravens   they  are,   under   the
Erotection of that approving power. These
o the traitors, my countrymen, compared
with whom Benedict Arnold wbb a patriot
and Judas Iscariot was a gentleman.
—The Paladin.
LIMITATIONS OF POVERTY
ways addressed to one seeking a position Is,
what church do .you attend 1 And the obtaining or failure to obtain the position depends upon the answer, No matter what the
circumstances may be, in matters political,
educational, civic or social, you will always
flnd tbe Intolerant bigot watching tbe attitude of men of other religious views and
never failing to move or agitate In opposition. Right, or eqnity, or conscience has nothing to do with his decisions the one dominant, burning motive being to show his petty
and miserable dislike for others. Whatever
excuse for him could be held out by former
centuries, the present century has no place
for such a character. If lt is true, as tbe
poet says, "that through the ages one Increasing purpose runs and the thoughts of
men are widened by the process of the suns,"
if the human horizon haB been so enormously expanded surely the time has passed for
tbe bigot to bc regarded with anything but
scorn, or tbe intolerant with anything but
Intoleratlon. A good motto for tbe twentieth
century would be 'no toleration for the Intolerant.' "
DON'T JOIN THE UNION
THOUGHT
Engineers
■AND-
Shipbuilders
North Vancouver
British Columbia
[By Pro-Humanity]
The heaviest artillery, the mightiest 'explosive in all the universe, the powor of
thought.
No deBtrictivo weapon can crush it.
No dungeon can confine it, no gallows or
tiring-squad cnn kill it.
It defies banishment, gag laws and censorship.
Men perish by the millions, but tbo message of one thinker goes on forever, gathering greater strength as it goes.
Truly can It bo said of thought, "I am
the Resurrection and tho Life."
Exile the thinker to the frozen zones of
Siberia; torture his body even unto death;
bury him in an unmarkod grave; and the
thought, that the tyrant would annlhlllatc,
is borne  on  Immortal wings,
"To overy brow that brooding
thinks, erect with manhood's
honest pride."
Smother tho kindling sparks of thought
with man-made laws, and like Prometheus'
quenchless fire, stolen from the gods, thought
feeding Its flames ever and anew with fresh
fuel, bursts forth at last like lightning from
the throne, of Jove. Before Ub blasting
flames the petty structures of puny minds
wither and perish; and above the ashen
heap, thought erects another triumphal arch
to the everbullding temple of truth.
"It Is no  boast,  It is no threat,  thus
history's iron law decrees."
Every revolution In human society is pre-
coded by an army of thinkers. It is an
army that can neither be bought nor heated. No powor on earth can stem it onco
the eternal command, "ForwardI Marchl"
goes forth.
"To see me only in the cell, yo see me only
in the gravo;
"Ye see me only wandering long beside the
'exile's weary wove;
"Ye fools I  do I not also dwell where you
have sought to pierce In vainf
"Rests not a niche for me to live in every
heart, in every brain!"
Thought, the dauntless herald of overy
social revolution—the prophet and percursor
of every higher hope I When, in all the history of tho world, has thought so charged
the brains of men and women as in the
present hourt It may be historically told
of this age that, where once a fool, now a
thinker ts born every minute.
Linking hearts and brains over continents
and sens Is being forged a chain that Bhall
bind in fraternity and peaco a common humanity. Tho fearful storm shall sweep away
tho thrones of kings; the common peoplo of
oarth are thinking; nnd boforo the flashing
floino of thought the serpents of superstition and servility fle'a from the habitations
of men.
" 'Tis triumph song, victorious song, her
prophet, voico is Bounding freo,
"As once of old your Godhead spoke—'I
was, I am, and will be free.1
[By Rev. Charles Stclzlol
The real curse of poverty Ib not bo much
tho lack of money as It Ib tho lack of opportunity. Broadly spooking, no man was
evor made happy by wealth, And no man
was ever made unhappy by poverty. It is
tho opportunities to broaden lifo thot come
with wealth which give a greater chanco for
happiness; and It is tho limitations1 of poverty that cause misery.
The worBt kind of poverty is that which
calls for the sacrifice of the inner life. It
is bad enough to havo the body go hungry,
but it is far worse to starve th? soul. And
this is tho condition of grent numbers of the
poverty-stricken, Thero are renlly four
classes of people in thc world; the poor
poor, those who have no monoy and practically nothing olse; the rich poor—thoso wbo
hsve no monoy but who have an appreciation
of many of the othor things in life; nnd the
rich rich—those who havo money as well as
appreciation of the better things of life. The
last class are the happiest, but they constitute a vory small percentage of tho people.
Tho greot mass may be called tho poor poor;
and they are always so by reason of their
own fault. For tho crushing blows of abject poverty hnve heen such as to reduce
them to the lowest levels of appreciation.
For them, life has become simply a physicnl
struggle, and only the Instinct of self-preservation impels them to continue tbo flght.
Ambition can live only when tho worker
hns an opportunity for self-expression. It
will not suffice to say that any man or woman who has the qualifications mny still get
to tho top. Wo aro not dealing with exceptional peoplo; we ore dealing with the
masses, who, It mnst be confessed In all
frankness, are very ordinary, but who, nevertheless, are human beings who have a right
to live. Not all the poor hsve the power of
Initiative, but even though they hnd, physical disability duo to poverty nr sickness may
Ercvont them from executing their wills,
nrgo numbers of the poor cannot afford to
reBt during times of illness. They must keep-
on, for to stop means oven greater poverty
than they are enduring. It is this inability
to properly care for themselves physically
that results in an early death or at best an
old age nt a time when they should bo enjoying tha vigor of full manhood and womanhood.
It Is truo that some havo risen from the
ranks of poverty to positions of great power
and influence, but in very rare cases did
these come from tho class who aro cursed
with the extreme poverty found in our cities.
Most of them, it will be discovered, came
from the farm whero, even though they may
not have had tho advantages, of good clothing and education, nevertheless developed
strong bodies which gove them thc power
to struggle against tho most adverse circumstances. Those who have risen rom poverty
to high positions in life had this physical
capital to bank upon, thus possessing an
asset of which the tenement-bred children,
for the most part, are deprived.
CANADA CANNOT ESCAPE
'And therefore will I be, and lead the nation yet their foes to meet,
"And on yonr heads, your necks, yonr
crowns, I'll plant my strong, rebellious feot I"
Thought I Thou art a divinity at whose
shrine I offer th'e tribute of my love and
faith! Thou ort the Savior of thn lowly
and tho Bcourge of lords!, When thou stir-
rest the brains of mon tho foundotions of
lies totter and fall I In thy resplendent clr-
elo none kneel to idols I In thy light there
Is no feor, save of being faithless to that
light Itself I Thou art the destroyer of
fables and the giver of facts I In thy realm
tho suns nnd worlds are guided in their
courses, and the laws of the universe maintained! Thou art the boundless ocean, o
drop of whoso wators quickens the human
mind I Thou art tho soul of nature, the
designer and evolver of all I If there be
flthw divinities they cannot exist without
thco!
[By the Rev, Salem G. Blond, B.A., D.D., in
Calgary Canadian]
"Fifty years of revolution Ho before the
world."
"One feeling is In the minds of all—ex
peotancy. Every ono feels that changes an
coining, and no one knows what thoy will
be."
"Tho naxt twenty-five years will bo he...
"During the two decades that will follow
the war thoro will bo a greater social transformation than has taken place in tho last
two thousand."
These are Bome of the expressions that
have reached my sears during thc laBt few
weeks In Western Canada.
Vast and, as we deemed her, sluggish and
Immobile, Russia has plunged headlong into
the melting pot. Signs are not wanting that
Germany may cro long follow. England, the
most Individualistic country in the world excopt, possibly, Canodo, is slow to recognize
sho ought to chonge, but so decisive and
thoroughgoing when she does, is intelligent!*
and systematically * reconstructing herBell
The United States, latest of all to bo caught
in the current, Is trimming her boat for the
rapids.
Canada, most contonted, most easy-going,
most happy-go-lucky, most boyish of nations,
will not escape. She, too, Is headed for the
rapids.
The question is no longer, "Will there be
n revolution ln Canada, tool" but "What
sort of a revolution will it be!" The brain
and the hoart of thc Canadian poople, their
good Judgment—Jhelr self-control; thoir con-
sidoroteness; above oil, their courage nnd
their goodwill—are going to bo tested in tho
next ten years as never bofore,
In thc courage and the sell-sacrifice of the
battlefield Canada has not boen found wanting. In the less hemic but, perhaps, scarcely less difficult, tasks uf social reconstruction,
God grant she may not be found unworthy of
those who on the battlefields of Europo have
nt last given the word "Canadian" a meaning.
LABOR'S POSITION
[Hansard Report, House of Comomns, April
22, 1918.]
Mr. G. B. Nicholson (East Algoma):
Negative propositions will not win this war,
We mnst get something constructive. And
if tho leaders of the labor organizations
In Cnnada are going to take the part that
their position in tho community demands of
them, they must get away from a negative
attitude inwards theBe great world problems,
Now, Sir, I nm prepored to admit that
tbere nre reasons why the leaders of organized labor should bo somewhat skeptical
of nny suggestion which has underlying It
the idea that they are going to bo drawn
inln tlie industrial life of this country, so
lt> speak, or to fac mado responsible for
carrying on the Industrial work. There are
two or three reasons for that. In the firBt
place, it is only within tho post dozen years,
or possibly twenty years nt tho most, that
it became in nny way nearly fully recognized thnt labor had tho right to organize.
Prior to that bucIi a thing as o' lAbor orgnnizntion wns Inkood upon as an alien Institution, nnd right up until tho present
time there nre many employers of labor
men who nro themselves leaders in what
we mny call "big business," who desire
thHt tbey themselves shnll have the right
to organize lnrge combinations of finance In
ord»r to enrry on their business—who still
■■ny thnt lnbor has no right to organize.
I have heard men sny niilto recently: "Just
wnit until this wnr Is over and wo get
these   fellows   where   they   belong,   nnd   we
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LAIOB COONOII/—MEETB
Out aid thirl Thuredaya. Eiioativo
*•"*!'•'••We**. 8. J. K.Ut* vlce-froolloal,
& *.- -M1'1 -eratttj aid bulneea aflat,
V. R. Mitgliy: treaeurer, F. Kaowlaa; >.r-
geaat-ei-erma,, J.r. Paolo; trueteea* I. H.
MoVety, W. B. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, ».
A. Maever.
ALLI1» PRIHTIN* TBAMS 0ODN0IL—
Meet, i.m.1 M.adey 1m tta month, mal-
JOORSETMRN      BARBERS'      IHTEBSA.
Haiti iiaui ud lamia ■"   ■ -
meath. Bam 9,05, I -
L. E. Merrill; eecretary,
Alhanj atraat.
.*■■*—mw. i»ooi aa. us—
d fnitk Taeetaya ta tka
, Lrter Tean-le.   PraUeat,
.oretary, S. «. Qraat, U7i
CREATURE DETESTIBLE
"Narrow intolerance is about tho most
detestlblo quality that a human boing can
carry around with him, albeit the possession
of such is often vaunted as something praiseworthy by its possessor, Bigotry and Intolerance are not exactly the same thing, although the one naturally leads to tho othor.
Bigotry Is defined as a blind, obstinate, and
narrow-minded zeal In tho interest of some
creed, system or party. Intolerance Ib the at-
titud) of active enmity towards those with
whom you do not agree. The bigot may
blindly and narrowly adhere to his own
opinions and leave others alone. The intolerant Is often more greatly interested in
showing his hotred for othors and their opinions thnn he Is In showing enthusiasm for his
own. The bigot is always contemptible but
is often more deserving of pity thon dislike.
Tho Intolerant Is always dctestlble. Such a
man Is always offensively conscious of the
difference of view of those with whom he
mingles and his hateful narrowness is chiefly
exhibited towards those who differ from him
in religious beliefs. Ho always finds himself
opposing tho ndvancement to positions of
trust of those who worship at othor altars,
nnd ho tuttll pale with chagrin when ho
hoars of such advnnremont. If a man hop-
pens to be of irreproachable personal character, the intolerant promptly declares that
the man Is better than his church and piths
him to think that such a good man Is connected with such a creed, If he hears of a
bad mnn professing the creed descried, he as
promptly asks, what can yon expect from n
fellow belonglnr '" """"'"  "    '      ■»"■■-■ •-
[By  Our  Organizer.—B.   G.  In  Nome
Industrial Worker]
These are a few of the many reasons why
you should not join the union;
Don't join the union, as you might Ue
able to secure higher wages.
Don't join tho union, as you might secure- a shorter working day, and that you
know, would never do. It might affoct your
health, You know at ono timo people had
to work ton, twelve or more hours, and It
wns considered a crimo to ask for eight
hours. , ,
Don't join thc union, ns It might hurt
tho feelings of the mastler, and you know
that would bo terrible,
Don't join the union, ns you might bo
able, through organized power, to maintain
tho present scale of wagos after tho war
is over.
Don't join the union, for when tho present
war is ovor And 39,000,000 workingmen aro
thrown into tho labor market to compete
with you for jobs, if you aro not organizod
the corporations may find it convenient to
cut wages and. lengthen the hours of labor.
Don't join tho union, as you might be
ablo to protect yourself from KaiBer Rockefeller, Czar Morgan and Emperor Guggenheim, who lovo you so much that thoy want
the most servile and cheap labor they can
secure, and oven now aro looking with longing eyes toward China and Japan, with their
toemlng millions and are hoping that in some
manner the bars can be lowered so that thoy
can securo somo of this cheap labor,
Don't join the union, as the big boss
might be compelled to adopt safety devices,
and you know that would just be awful, bb
It might protect your lifo and limb.
Don't join tho union, as lt might mean
a longer life, more happiness and more enjoyment for the children.
Don't join the union, lt might "break up
tho home."
Don't join tho union, ab It might take
away from the boss the job of doing your
thinking. You know the poor fellow has to
provido you with a job, and also do that
more strenuous duty, your thinking, and just
think how dreadful thnt would be. Why, you
might be compelled to do your own thinking.
Don't join the union, as you might want
a better plnce to live. You know moBt of
you livo in such bonutiful homes, that it
would be a sin to live in nny other. Some
are very palatial mansions and castles, built
as they nre, of corrugated iron and lumber
from tomato, cnndlo nnd powder boxes. D.
J. Jackling cannot afford such a homo. No
slii'o, he Is so poor that he has to have the
wholo upper floor of the St. Francis hotel
in San Francisco, and his wnges aro so meagre flint he can only afford to pay an annual
rental of $30,000 for quarters for his servants.    Just think of that I
Don't join the union ns you might want
n better environment. Soms of you have
such beautiful surroundings, such or open
sewers nnd bog lands, thnt to live In ony
other atmosphere might contaminate your
health. It would never do to live amid trices
nnd flowers and green fields; your children
might cense to love you.
Don't join the union, as It might do away
wlth the spy, who, when you nre not organized, runs and ti.-Ils the boss that you
aro lonfing on the job, or that you are talking with your fellow workers about getting
more money, or seeking a reduction of hours.
If you should organize 100 per cent., why
the buss would have no furthor use for the
spotter. But then, that would bo treason.
Don t join the union, because the union
might want to enter Into collective bargaining with tbe employer, and It might prntlect
you in your employment, nnd Incidentally
deprive the compnny gunman of his job.
Don't join the union, as the legalized robbers of Wall Street, New York city, might
call you unpatriotic.    Bs careful I
Don't join the union, nnd set a price nn
tho only thing you hove for sale, namely
your labor power. The kaiser ond kings of
Wall Streot and 26 Broodway, might brand
you a "bomb-thrower" and a bond of anarchists.
Don't join the union, ns It might be treasonable; wto aro at war with Germany.
Don't join the union, as more than 19,-
0000,000 mon and women are now engaged
in manufacturing munitions of war, and
clothing, There never was such an opportunity to organize as now, and never will
be again. Rut for God's sake, don't do it.
In England th'ey are very unpatriotic, believing in organizing, war or no wor, and
thus have a voice as to what conditions they
work under. But In America It Is different;
we must not adopt anything from Englond,
for that would be a foreign idea, and that
would nover do.
No slrree.
But let the mine and smelter owners, the
iron and steel manufacturers organize, and
dictate to you what you shall receive in
wages. The poor, poverty-stricken United
States Steel Corporation n'?t earnings In 1916
were only $271,631,780, as against $23,
496,768 in 1914, an Increase uf $246,594,
962. They flnd it pays to organize. But
you don't.
Let the meat, ruffe and sugar tmst, tho
groceryman, the clothing man, and all others
from whom you purchase thc necessities of
life, organize ond charge whatever they may
see fit, and thus be nlil> to tell you you
must pay tho price or leave it. Do you
realize t
Lot the lawyers, doctors, bankers, ministers, judges nnd clergymen orgnnize and fix
their scale of wages, but for the love of
Mike, don't you join the union and kick
ngainst bad working conditions and
wages, as you are liable not*" to enter the
Kingdom of Heaven. At least Billy Sunday
BayB so, and be should know. Watch out
—don't bo hasty.
Yon see, it Ib like this: If you organize,
and use your collective power, ihe tenderhearted Industrial lords might be compelled
to grant higher wages and better working
conditions. Of course. If you organize the
money kings might not handle as much coin,
and that might causo palpitation of the
heart. You might have a better home, and
It might nffect your health. Your family
will lose respect for you. If you organize,
thc poor parasite might have less money to
spend on elaborate dog and monkey dinners
and parties, less money for diamonds and
pearl necklncos, and tny gondncBB, tbat wonld
be an awful hardship; you know it would
be terrible to appear in society without thotfe
showy and costly things. It really Is a shame
lo deprive these hard working gentry of these
things,
If you should organize and get better
wages, It might violate tho laws of nature,
the sun might cease to shine, and rivers
cease to flow. But If you go hungry, Billy
Sunday, or some ono like him will tell you
it "is the will of God," so be content with
your lot, and you will reap your reawrd in
the skies, ,        ,    ,
So don't join tho union, but be submissive and docile, and the employers will come
around and pat you on tho back and tell
you whnt a splendid follow you are for
not listening to the "agitators."
Of course some may say I am crazy, nnd
all this stuff 1b "rot" and there Is nothing
to It, as there has never been anything like
It appear in the Heratd-Bepubllcan or the
Tribune, and, of course, they havo all the
wisdom of the ages.
And above all things, don't subscribe for
the Industrial Worker or the Miners' Magazine, or any other Labor paper. They might
cause you to kick against the present system and also make you a union man,
and you know some people think union men
are Imps from th'e lower region, and Lnbor
papers are the ninufhpieces of His Satanic
Majesty.
Do you bear me t   I hope yon do.
BROTHJBKHOOD OP CABPBHTBBB, LOCAL-
No. $17—Meeu every eeeead ud fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Laber Tetania
PmWe,t, B.W? H.U.Y phoJ? Wr. mSfc
leanelal Horetarr, »■ Them: reeereUu Ut-
retery, J R. &«pbeUj tMUesi agemt,
Walter Themes, Keem aot, Liber Tuple
Phone   Bey.  7495. * *•"»«•
BBOTHEBHOOD    OF    BOILBB	
and Iran Ship Builders and Heiaeia ef
Ameriefc Tueeuver Lodw Ne.  U4±3fMta
£T«ra£M£»7. f P-m. fteeldeat, A. Ouu-
bell, 220 Seeend atreet; leereMry-treaawer,
Anfu Fru.r, U61 Howe atnet; buSuu
agent J. H. Oamlohael, Beomi 212, Leber
iiepii.
°°,0K^ „WAJ.T1SR8 AMD WAITRESSES,
Local Sl—Hiau every Ont aad thirl
Weitneedey at 2:80 p.m.; coal aid f.urth
Wedneilnye at 0:00 p.m., Labor T-.pl..
Preildmt, Fred. Hurrle; ■■oritur »ad kill*
neii a(ent, Wm, Uaokoaiti, Boon 309, Lahor
Temple. One. hours, 11 to 13 aaaa; 3 ta
6 pja.
INTKBKATIONAL ONION 07 STEAM AND
Operating Bjilnoera, Loeal No. 180-
Uaili every Hoadar, 7:»0 p.m., Ubor
Temple. Pre. deal, J. R. Pl„n* n't MmJuJ
atreet, New WeitmlMtir; vfea-prealdeat, P.
Chapmen; Beoreterj-treeeurer, W. A. Alezen-
der.^Room 318, Labor Temple. Phono Ser
ELEOTBIOAL WORKERS, LOOAL NoTilO
—Meeta In Room 306,    Labor    Taim.l.
ewir Mondaj,  e p.m    Prtildmt   D *w*
eecretarr, Joan Murdoch, Labor Temale"
dnanelaf eecretar, ud ■SluivSlt/SfH'.
Morriion, Boom 307 Labor Temple"
INTERNATIONAL LONOSioRiBSiTi AS-
notation, Local MBJ-oSm SSihall sot
?»<■•» »'«•- weet. Meet, ...rrTida"
8 p.m. Seeretarj.troaanrer, t. Ohanman
bneincaa agont, L.  Maroh. v***,**™.n,
X-,fc>'    I£0AL   -*«•»-■.
(Marine    Warehonioa
Handler;'. Headquartera.
^--r    .   AUXILIARY—
Warehousemen    aud    l-ret-rkt
„ . ...-Icadqnarten. 480 Howe atreet
MeeU drat and third Wadnaidar 11 Vi
Seeretary and bullae.. .„," _i wi-V
AMALGAMATED MEAT 0UTTg»nS5
Butcher Workmen'. Onion. No ««—l£»te
fret and third ft.id.To? «" m«tC
Labor Tempi., 8 p.m. Preildent, B. W
Lane; recording j.tr.t.r,, E. Lofting: (nan*
dereon, 687 Homeretreet. "
*An-K2 MAKERS- LEAGOE OP NORTH
America     (Vancoufer    and   Tlelnltil—
•pom 204, Labor Templo. Pmldent It..
MeDougall 1038 Orut al«.,T'SSt_l „l
ralary,    3. Lyon.,    1648 Tenable. Itreet*
SffoL "'"•i"-'*.?- WeataoreSad 8347
golnt Grey road. J^Raju. j,',,"*'
riZa™ Dr ^bobeSb.pastenebs AND
S-3E. '.i hiAS Lo.Ml ""-loo »»A, Series
6—Meete the 2nd and 4th Prldare ot tha
Suil?' tlllS""''' 8 P* AffidSt J*
wily,    flnanclal  eecretary,  M.  A.  Phefoe*
Temple.
Room 210*220,   Labor
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAT in
,.&»», Koneer Dljhl.n, n" 101-h!"
to. at ?S'S "«'""> •"■■• 'oorti Wedni."
SL*' Smi Z'<* Went, W. H. Cottrell;
treaiurer, h. S. Cleveland; reeordlng itero*
Pk7*,.'AniX- 52ltine- a5»1 Trinity Hreei,
Phone High.  U8R;  Inanelal ..Cretan .li
M%"i*T''t' Fredl,A- HooVar" MoTofiJ
^e^ol^coruor_Prlor and Mala atraata.
0EK.An T-HMSWRfF AND CHAUl*:
(euro- Onion, Local No. «66—Meeta eVeJ.
y*ft ,« 8 p.m. PreSdint, W! 7.
Brown; buelneee agent, J. p. Paolo did
Twenly.lnt avenne ea.t  Phone tilt  716R*
Ho,mer"J?LtP,"",e  SW-  ,i67,■  0fiM'   "'
■"■"GRAPHICAL ONION, No. 226-M„.„
.ih".'! S=n(iS 0'.ef.ch ""'■■"• ■' 2 P*****   Pre-
"Ident,  R.  M.rehall;  vlcepreildint, w   S
Jordan,
Box 66.
iocretarytreainVe'rrRT'H'"NeeIandi:
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
. 0. FEDERATION OP LABOR-
nnnual convention In January.
mi*.*-.    1010.,a*   n_ u .    K*l
Meeta In
Executive
f,"LMr»* I'"-"! Preeldent, Dincan MoOal*
i",1?! ■*■»•""• Temple, Vanconver; vlcepre.l*
»™ tTu",!','*'""""' >»~tt\ Walter fi.ad,
t"•"'"■4»°i Victor^ J, Taylar; Prince
wK'wS.E*i. Tfompeon; Vanconver, E.
pViw •.WWR-.Tr;.',,'i N,w Weetmlneter, P.
Feeblee; Weet Kootenay, Marcn. Martin
Neleon; Crow. Nest Pa,',', W   A   Shlraai
_______%___?"""' A' "• W""' BM
VIOTOBIA. B. 0.
"CTOBIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Moon flrat and third Wed*
needaye, Knight! o( Pythlai Hall, North
Park etreet, at 8 p.m. Preeldent, B. Simmon!; vice-preiident, T. Dooley; iecretary.
treaiurer, Chrlitlan Slverti, P. 0. Box 802,
victoria, B. Q.
_____  RPPBBT. B. 0.
PRINOE ROPERT TRADES AND LABOR-
Council—Meete aecond and lourth Tne*
daya of each month, In Carpentere' hall.
Preildmt. S. D. Maedonald; aeeretary. W. E.
Thompi.n, Box 378, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
SOUTH WBLLDIOTOM. V. L
LOCAL DNION, NO. 872, O. H. W. ot A —
Meete eecond and fourth Sundaya of eaeh
month, at 8:80 p.m., Rleharda HaU. Preaident,  Walter.Head;  vlce-pre.ld.nl, Andrew
Parker; recording eecretary, Jamee Bateman[
flnenelel iecretary, W.  HMd"""""    '
<>r. J. H. Rlehardion.
To memborfl of any union ln Canada a
mppcinl ratt' for The Federatlonist of Jl
per year—If a club of 10 or more fa eent In.
en employer oi
to snch a church)    If h- li
labor, hie flrat qucntlon al
TOV'Bl    THB    JTTDOEI
of the atatement that our Offlce Supplied
and Btatlonera' Sundrlee itock le the b»it
In B. 0, Oome ln and look m over!
T.B. CUTHBERTSON & CO.
Men's Ratters and Outfitters
810 Granville Strait
811 Halting! Strait Wot
OLELLAND-DIBBLE ENORAV-
INO OOMPANT
Limited
PHOTO ENGRAVERS — COMMERCIAL
ARTISTS
Phone Soymonr 7169
Third PloorWorld Building
VANCOOVER. B. 0.
—Tin* only Union Shop In Vancouver—
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Fine dreamy Latter
and Boei Not Dry on the Pace
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured in BrltlBh OolnmMa THE BEST
Grade of any article whether
Cereals, Flour or Feed
Though it may cost you a little more is always
THE CHEAPEST
B. & K. Rolled Oats, made from local oats.
B. & K. Wheat Flakes (same as Canadian), without premium
WE ALSO MANTJPAOTUEE AND PACE
YELLOW CORN MEAL
PEARL BARLEY
SPLIT PEAS
RICE FLOUR
PURITY FLOUR
GRAHAM FLOUR
WHOLE WHEAT
FLOUR
PEA FLOUR
RYE FLOUR
Poultry Foods of all descriptions
ASK FOR THE B. & K. BRANDS
The Brackman-Ker Milling Co. Ltd.
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
To Discuss any subject or movement intelligently it is
necessary to become acquainted with all the facts available.
No wage-worker is fully armed to define and defend the position of his class unless he has read
"The Genesis and Evolution of Slavery"
Written by tke Grand Old Ifan
of the Labor Movement In Brit*
ish Columbia, Mr. E. T. Kingsley,
and compiled by R. P. Pettlpleoe,
who haa for more than 20 years
been Identified with the organised
labor movement of the province.
Packages of 100 copies or
more, 5 cents per copy (carriage  paid).
Single copies, or In any number up to 100 copies, 10 cents
each   (postpaid),
The biggest ten cents' worth
of   reading em offered   in
literature.
Send along a dime for a copy
today.    Try   it  o'ut   on your
frionda,   It's worth while..
ADDRESS:
The B.C.
Federationist
B. Farm. Ptttlpiece, Mgr.
Labor Temple       Vancouver
Spartacus to the
******       ******
******
******
Gladiators at Capua
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
[By Elijah Kellogg]
Te call me chief; and ye do well to
call hint chief who for twelve long
years has met upon the arena every
shape of man or beast the broad Empire of Bome could furnish, and who
never yet lowered his arm. If there be
one among you who can say that ever,
in public fight or private brawl, my
actions did belie my tongue, let hiinl
stand forth and say it. If there be
three in all your company dare face me
on the bloody sand, let them come on.
And yet I was not always thus—» hired
butcher, a savage chief of still more
savage men. My ancestors eame from
old Sparta, and settled among the vine*
clad rocks and citton groves of Syra-
sella. My early life ran quiet as the
brooks by which I sported; and when,
at noon. I gathered the sheep beneath
the shade, and played upon the shepherd's flute, there was a friend, the
son of a neighbor, to join me in the
pastime. We led our flocks to the same
pasture, and partook together our rustic meal.
One evening, after the sheep were
folded, and we were all seated beneath
the myrtle which shaded our cottage,
my grandsire, an old man, was telling
of Marathon and Leuetra; and how, in
ancient times, a little band of Spartans, in a defile of the mountains, had
withstood a whole army. I did not
then know what war waB; but my
cheeks burned, I know not why, and I
clasped the knees of that venerable
man, until tny mother, parting the hair
from off my forehead, kissed my throbbing temples, arid bade me go to rest,
and think no more of those old tales
and savage wars.
That very night the Bomans landed
on our coast. I saw the breast that
had nourished me trampled by the hoof
of the war horse—the bleeding body of
my father flung amidst the blazing
rafters of our dwelling! Today I killed a man in the arena; and, when I
broke his helmet clasps, behold; he
was my friend! He knew me, smiled
faintly, gasped and died—the same
sweet smile upon his lips that I had
marked, when, in adventurous boyhood;
we scaled the lofty cliff to pluek the
flrst ripe grapes, and bear them home
in childish triumph! I told the pretor
that the dead man had been my friend,
generous and brave, and I begged that
I might bear away the body, to burn
it on a funeral pile, and mourn over
its ashes. Ayt upon my knees, amid
the dust and blood of the arena, I
begged that poor boon, while all the assembled maids and'matrons, and the
holy virgins they call vestals, and the
rabble, shouted in derision, deeming it
rare sport, forsooth, to see Bome's
fiercest gladiator turn pale and tremble at sight of that piece of bleeding
clay! And the pretor drew back aB if
I were pollution, and    sternly    said,
Lot the carrion rot! Thero are no
noble men but Bomans.''
And so, fellow gladiators, must you,
and bo must I, die like dogs! 0 Bome!
Rome! thou hast been a tender nurse
to me. Ay! thou hast given to that
poor, gentle, timid shepherd lad, who
never knew a harsher tone than a flute-
note, muscles of iron and a heart of
flint; taught him to drive the sword
through plaited mail and links of rugged brass, and warm it in the marrow
of his foe—to gaze into the glaring
eyeballs of the fierce Nubian lion, even
as a boy upon a laughing girl!   And
fhe shall pay thee back, until the yellow Tiber is red aB frothing wine, and
in itB deepest ooze thy life-blood lies
curdled!
Te stand here now like giants, as ye
FRENCH PLUTES
Investors   and   Politicians
Are Filled with Rage
Over Russia
Jean Longuet,  leader of the  anti-
are! The strength of bras~s is in your ^n^tration Socialists in the French
toughened sinews; but tomorrow some ■«1™»M»,'"'» wi»w»u»w m u» *i«»w
Boman AdoniB, breathing sweet per- Parliament, writes in his weekly, Le
fume from his curly locks, shall with ^Naire: 	
his lily fingers pat your red brawn, and* "Our investors and pohticians are
bet his sesterces upon your blood. flUed Wlth Ta£e and fear by the Pow'
Harkl hear ye yon lion roaring in his:er of *» revolutionary working class
dent »Tis three days since he has j which nM now conquered Bussia for it-
taBted flesh;  but  tomorrow he  shall seU*   0ur capitalists lot loose a storm
break his fast   upon   yours—and
dainty meal for him ye will be!
If ye are beasts, then stand here like
fat oxen, waiting for the butcher's
knife! If ye are men, follow met
Strike down yon guard, . gain the
mountain passes, and then do bloody
work, as did your sires at old Thermopylae! Ib Sparta dead? Is the old
Grecian spirit frozen in your veins,
that you do crouch and cower like a
belabored hound beneath Mb master's
lash? 0 comrades! warriors! Thra-
ciansl If we muat fight, lot us fight
for ourselves! If we must slaughter,
let us slaughter our oppressors! If we
must die, let it be 'under the clear sky,
by the "bright waters, in noble, honorable battle.
WESTERN
CANADA
SHIPYARDS
LIMITED
General Uprising Threatens
to Sweep Ruling Class
From Power
Few people in this country know
how Berious is the situation in Spain
at the present time.
The railroads are absolutely disorganized. There is no coal and uot
even bread (all the wheat available
has been sold to the belligerent nations at higher prices than it could
have been sold at home). The price
of the most necessary commodities has
been so much increased that many
things now cost three and four times
moro than they did before. And every
day many people die of starvation and
cold in the big cities.
The situation is worat in the south,
particularly in Malaga -and AndaluBia,
where the peoplo, in.ordor to be able
to livo, have to attack tho private property and expropriate tho food and coal,
wherever thoy can find it.
Thero aro strikes and uprisings
everywhere, but the government is suppressing them by means of force and by
imprisoning all the radical leaders, all
tho noted Socialists and every person
considored as dangerous by the authorities,
Ab it is natural, the results of theso
tyrannical methods are that the situation is continually growing worse. The
Seople suffer more every day; overy
ay there are some strikes and more
uprisings, and evory day seems to be
nearer the moment when a big and
countrywide revolution will break out.
This is what the government fears
and is trying very hard to avoid.
Hence, its terror and barbarous measures at tho slightest signs of protest.
Sevoral genoral strikes havo been prepared, but the government succeeded in
preventing them; sometimes throwing
in prison ull tho leaders; at other times
making use of the artillery
However, it does not seem that the
government luck in preventing a general uprising will last much longer.
Oreat importance is being attachod to a
speech made the other day by radical
leader Alejandro Lerroux.
Lerroux declared that, along with
Pablo Iglesias, the Socialist loader,
and Melquiadcs Alvarez, the chieftain
of the reformists, he felt that the time
had come to call upon all the friends
of freedom to hold themselves ready
to make real sacrifices for their ideal.
"Those who call themselves revolutionists must now prove whether thoy
have any right to the name," .said
Lerroux.
He is reported to have mado even
bolder statements than tho foregoing,
but tho Spanish censor restrained the
newspapers from quoting him at length,
and suppressed dispatches to the foreign pross which had been filed at the
telegraph and cable oflices.
ffMNllRS
of vilification and slander and angry
ridicule at the Bussian revolutionists
at every step taken to realize the national programme of Socialism. Not
only the Bolsheviki, but every other
group of Russian Socialists is treated
in this way.
"Our officials were bo stoutly re-
Bolved to make us believe that Lenine
and Trotzky were traitors, sold to the
Kaisor, that they actually suppressed
for 24 hours the news that the conference at Brest-Litovsk had been broken
up because the Bolshevik representatives had refused to bow to the claims
of the Germans. When the report fin*
ally came through from the London
Daily News correspondent our press to-
fused to pay any attention to it on
the ground that it was a *@erman
manoeuvre.
Mass Action Needed.
"The Dutch-Scandinavian Socialist
committee of neutrals, in an appeal for
an international conference, has said:
"All humanity, our Comrades have
proclaimed at Stockholm, earnestly
longs to be freed from the terrible
worid war, to which there seems to be
no end. We must put an end to the
devastation, to the destruction and to
the carnage. The feeling for a general peace is increasing everywhere in
the belligerent countries.
"The committee adds that a separate peace can only be turned into a
general immediate and satisfactory
peace bv the common action of the
worker* international—the first condition of Socialist representatives of the
international at Stockholm.
"The jackal press of the munition
makers may perpetrate one more outrage against the international Socialists and call this an appeal to sabotage
and anarchy.'
"But the Socialists of France, England, Italy and America, the Socialists
of four great nations, will respond to
thiB apneal to the workers to organize.
And their united action will put an end
to the resistance of the enemies of the
human race/^tha imperial war lords of
all countries."
tSf Royal Standard
Flour
FIRMLY  ESTABLISHED IN
PUBLIC  FAVOR
tttUSTAVMtt
As milled in the past—as milled today—something more '
Jhan merely GOOD FLOUB.   It  is  SUPREMELY GOOD
FLOUR.
*     "ROYAL STANDARD" excels in all the points by which
a Flour is judged.  It produces a larger loaf—with a crisper ?
crust—with a bread flavor that is more delicate and palatable.
"ROYAL STANDARD" milled under the government
regulations enables the housewife to .make a genuine conservation loaf. If she will add at every bating, say, 25 per cent,
of "ROYAL STANDARD" RYE FLOUR, she will aid still
further the conservation of wheat for the Allies, and will find
her bread loses not one jot of delicious wholesoraeness or sat-
isfying flavor. J    ,;-,fTPflBB
Test the idea at your next baking.
All live grocers sell "Royal Standard."
Accept no substitutes. Look for the
"Circle V" on every sack.
Are you saving all you possibly cant
—Canada Food Board.
classes would-be of little avail unless
it was met by a similar response from
the democracies of the Allied countries.
A revolutionary government in Germany could no more make satisfactory
peace terms with the present governments of the Allied countries than
Trotzk/and his colleagues are able to
make with the representatives of the
Central Powers at Brest-Litovsk. A
successful revolution in Germany would
follow precisely the same course as the
Busaian Bovolution has followed.   It
wonld make the military power of Germany in the war ineffective, and as-
suming that there was no corresponding revolutionary development in the
Allied countries, the Allied governments
would be ablet to dictate practically
their own terms to the German revolutionary government, as the Central
Powers are now doing to Bussia. The
moral of this is, therefore, that it is
simultaneous aetion by all countries
which is necessary to establish a just
and democratic peace.—Labor Leader.
THE WOBKEBS AND THE WAB.
Tho Russian revolutionaries have
beon froely condemned for considering
tho question of a soparate peace with
the Central Powers. The BusBian democracy have clearly recognized the
importance and necessity of united
action by the international proletariat.
They mado every effort, first by their
proposal for an international conference at Stockholm laBt soring, and later
by their appeal to the Allies to join in
the negotiations at Br<est-Litovsk,*fb secure a general instead of a soparate
peace with tho Central Powers. Tho
failure of both these efforts has left
them with no alternative but to try
and make the best peace possiblo with
the Central Powors. The democracies
of tho other belligerent nations hnve
never realized ao clearly as the Bussian people have dono that this is not
a war between nations, but between
systems nnd classes, and that the dividing line is not geographical boundaries,
but class interests, and thnt in thc
final struggle tho division will not be
nntionnl, but economic. Separate notion
by the democrncy of a particular country could have very little effect unless
it stimulated a responso from the democracies of all the other belligerent
nations. A successful rising of tho Ger-
people   against   tho   governing
Claim General Peace Can
Only Be Brought About
By Proletariat
The Union of Italian Workers, says
advices from Milan, which claims a
widespread membership throughout the
peninsula, hus been deeply stirred by
tho publication Of tho secret treaties by
tho Bolshoviki. Nover very warm in
support of Italy's professed war aims,
tho union became openly hostilo to thc
government when the real imperialistic
aims became known, involving wholesale annexations from Austria, tho control of tho eastern shore of the Adriatic
and the possession of Greek islands in
thc Aegean and "influenco in Asia Minor and Syria."
Tho union has now issued tho following declaration on international policy
for the workers of Italy and of all
countries- reminding tho proletariat
evorywhoro of Trotzky's assertion,
"that u general peace can only result
by the action of tho proletariat of each
nntion against tho nationalism of all
countries"':
"The Union of Italian Workors believes that the hour has come for the
Italian proletariat to take a hand
against the war by creating an interna1
tional atmosphere favorable to the Russian revolution. Thanks to dur own internationalists, tho Italian workers
have not felt compelled to assume the
burdens of nationalism.
"We urge tho proletariat to expre.su
its will and exort its influence so that
the generous efforts of the Bussian revolution townrd a goneral peace may
not bo in vain, despite the diplomatic
opposition offered by thc nationalists of
all countries to such a peace."
ean
P»
SWING into he with tbe nil
of Springtime; takes tip boa
old Mother Nature.
Maybe your home weald look better with « coat of paint; or possibly
the fence, outbuildings or (ovens
teen • Kale dingy in tke bright
nn ihwr now aboat yom
1 Are they ikowiag heel-
marks? Aad hat toaae ef thefnmi-
ture been loatched up?
Painting or vanishing wO not only
beautify, it wiO make the wood
last so Back longer that it's actually cheaper to paint than not
Paat fits the cracks aad holes
where gems hut, makes for sanitation. Spring calls for Paint,
HeodtfaecallofSpMgl
The Beet Pkca to Boy Patal
We have all kinds of pah*.***
haes and bnuhes, at  the most
look them om
HUNTER-HENDERSON
PAINT CO.
642 ORANVILLE STBEET
VANCOUVER
FORGE CO.
LIMITED
Has Largest-
Steam Hammer
In British Columbia
FOE MANY years all large forgings required
in British Columbia were ordered from
outside cities, but at the Vancouver Forge
Company's new plant at the foot of yictoria
Drive immense masses of red-hot steel arc being
daily converted into forgings under the great
steam hammers.
•The "Big Hammer^' has a ram which weighs
over 4000 pounds, and the anvil block weighs
15 tons. Huge oil furnaces are used for heating the metal, and the "Big Hammer," with
its two companion hammers, is kept constantly
busy under thc guidance of skilled forgers.
In order to make provision against a possible
shortage of material, tho forge company has
laid in over ten carloads of steel forging billets
of dimensions up to 16 inches square, all made
to the stringent requirements of Lloyd-'s.
B.C. Marine
LIMITED
MARINE
REPAIRS
NIGHT or day, the staff of thc B. C. Marine
Limited is ready to exert ils utmost
effort in expediting repairs to vessols,
This work requires men and equipment of exceptional calibre, I'or shipping is valuable and
delny causes almost incalculable loss to owners.
The plant of the B. C. Marine Limited is a
modern engineering works, comprising machine shop, boiler shop, blacksmith shop, pattern shop, carpenter and joiner shop, oxy-
acctylcnc welding and cutting shop, and a
marine railway drydock capable of drydoeking
vessels up to 1600 tons deadweight.
Thc floating plant consists of a 10-ton steam
derrick, which is also equipped with an air
compressor and electric light; ash lighters, repair floats and diving seows.
Thc company also has available competent
divers ready to undertake underwater surveys
and repairs. PAGE TEN
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
mmmmMGifmm
WHO WILL OET THESE BARGAINS?
Last week in unloading two carloads of NEW
YORK, BOSTON and CHICAGO PIANOS. We
found several with slightly damaged cases, which
have been repaired.   Our prices are—
$275 and $285
These are dependable pianos, fully guaranteed;
fine, deep, rich tone and splendid repeating action
We arc manufacturers' agents for BROAD-
WOOD & SONS, NEW BELL, HAINES BROS.,
LYON & HEALY, KIMBALL, FRANCIS BACON, and other standard makes of pianos.
EASY TERMS OR CASH
Save one whole year's payments by purchasing
on our upstairs warerooms plan.
..^•^J^~-^J!^J^-y^^^^^^<^^-<s^!^y!*'^%*l
MOINTELIUS  524-528
PIANO HOUSE 118 faMM"**- St.
t--***^-^-***.*.-*****---^-^-*--'*'^
A ONE-DAY
Clothing Sensation
SATURDAY ONLY
CHOICE OF THE
HOUSE SALE	
$25
Your choice of any Suit in the house (blues and mohairs excepted). Reg. $30, $35, $40, <tOC
$45 and $50 for one day. Saturday only.......*P*£*J
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"
546 ORANVILLE STREET
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plaits, Ornamental and Skade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS ADD KUB8EETMEN
2—STORES—2
t» Hastings Street Bast, Ser- 988-872 — 728 Oranvllle Street, Sey. 9613
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
Lowest Pouible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants '
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTRICT PASSENGER AOENT, 605 HASTINOS W„ VANCOUVER
Telephone Beymour 2482
Free Homesteads
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. G. E. Railway open park line lands.   The
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Oood water, best of hunting and fishing.   The settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they are making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
PACIFIC OREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
WELTON BLOOK VANCOUVER, B. 0.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Pure Malt and Fruit
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(Silver Top Brand)   A PURE FRUIT BEVERAGE
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Alexandra Stout
THE BEVERAGE THAT BENEFIT*
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
Marx the Man: An Appreciation
[By Eugene V. Debs] <
In his biographical memoirs of Man
the elder Liebknecht says: "Marx,
the man of science, the editor of the
Bheinische Zeitung, one of the founders
of the DeutBCh-FranzoeBicher Jahrbue-
cher, one of the authors of the Communist manifesto, the creator of 'capital'
—thia Marx belongs to publicity, he
standB before the whole world, the target of criticism, challenging critique,
not hiding the smallest wrinkle to the
searching eye—were I to attempt writing about this Marx; then I should be
guilty of a reckless imprudence indeed,
for that is not feasible in the short
minutes I can filch and wrest from the
unavoidable work of the day and
hour.''
Just so I feel when called upon in
the press of these feverish and fitful
days to write something befitting so
majestic a theme as Marx the Man, in
commemoration of the day, onc hundred
years ago, that gave this titan to the
world.
It seems prophotic of tho birth of
Karl Marx, on May 5, 1018, that the
ccntennary of that portentious event
should be celebrated by a hundred million of his devotees in tho midst of the
crash and collapse of capitalism, and in
the throoB of a world-wide war that
threatens the ruling powers with worldwide revolution.
The spirit, the genius, the very soul
of Marx are all aflame and incarnate in
this greatest upheaval in ancient or
modern times.
But it is not of Marx the revolutionary inspirer and lender that I am to
write, but of Marx the Man, and in the
presenco of Buch a task I may well falter, for what pen or tongue among us
could do it justice!
Marx the Man is too great a theme.
"Ab some tall cliff, that lifts its awful
form,
SwellB from the vale, and midway leads
the storm,
Though round its breast the rolling
clouds are spread,
Eternal sunshine settleB on its head."
Marx iB almost too big to write about,
and this is said with the homage commanded by the majesty of the man, but
not with the blind adulation with which
unthinking idolatorB regard the so-
called great men of history.
Karl Marx as a scientiflic and scholarly investigator, writer and author in
the field of economic, politicnl and social research, stands pre-eminent before
the world. As the triumphant awaken-
er of the long-asleep and thd* revolutionary leader of the long-enslaved
masses of mankind he towers before us
a titan and without a>peer in history.
But it is in his character as a man that
he stands supremo and challenges the
respoct and love, the admiration and
emulation of the modern world.
Had Marx the Man been weak, Marx
tho scientist and scholar had never
aroused, inspired and set into motion
the masses by his masterly genius and
filled tho world with the fame of hiB
immortal achievement.
Marx thc Man towered even above
Marx the intellectual titan of his day.
Stern, inflexible, self-forgetting and
rigidly scrupulous and honest, he presents to us today thc inspiring figure of
a man.
Victor Hugo began his oration on
Voltaire's centenary celebration with
tho simple yet sublime sentence: "Ono
hundred years ago a man was born."
And so wc say of our beloved Marx
today: "Ono hundred yearB ago a MAN
was born."
In a world of men there is nothing so
rare as a man.
Karl Marx had every ingrodient essential to that incomparable thing we
know as character; he bore upon hia
THE RED DAWN
[By John M. Work]
We socialists are not hero worshippers.
In doing honor to the mctyory of
Karl Marx we do not put him on a pedestal, and herald him to tho world
as having been infallible.
We give him his due—no more—no
less—because of his valuable service to
thc causo of humanity.
Now nnd then you see Marx' Capital
referred to as the Bible of Socialism.
It is nn unfortunate figure of speech.
There is no Bible of Socialism.
Karl Marx would bo tho last man to
want us to quit thinking. He would
be the last man to wont us to accept
any book as containing tho final word
on economic problems.
If he could speak, he would advise an
to use oor intellects—to accept nothing
in his works but thnt which appeals to
our intellects—and to improve on
everything in sight, if we can.
And, unfortunately, that is tho almost
universal attitude of the socialists. Our
mindB are open. We are ever rcudy for
the ml mitt ance of new ideas.
Ill' adopting tins attitude, we do
Uoiu.r i:> -Burt >iar*.
And—what is moro important—we inspire tho continuing progress of thc
nice.
Marx was an investigator. He was
an intellectual pioneer. On some subjects he did net hnve time, nnd perhaps
also lacked opportunity, to investigate.
His writings show that he was not nl-
woys devoid of pnsBion nnd prejudice.
He was sometimes Incking in the scientific spirit—-whieh is utterly dispassionate nnd follows the facts whithersoever
they lead.
But, in economics, he got down to
bed rock.
The essentials of his economic theory
hnve withstood all attacks. Those who
enme to jeer have remained to cheer.
Had there been onough of tbem—so
as to put his theory into practice—tho
world would have boon saved a whirlwind of woe.
The red dnwn of thc coming new day
is already flushing the horizon. We
cnn see it coming, It will be but n short
time until Marx nnd his successors will
bo triumphant—for the brotherhood of
man will have become a fact.
Then, all honor to Karl Marx.
And all honor to every comrade—to
overy obscure comrade—and to every
well-known comrade—all nlong tho lino
—living or deceased—who has helped
tho onward urge.
When the two hundredth nnniversary
of Karl Marx's birthday is celebrated, j
socialism will have been in full bloom
for many years.
Capitalism will be looked back upon I
as a dark age in the history of human-;
ity. Thoro will no longor be nny slav-,
cry to the earning of n bare living. I
Hnppiness and enlightenment will be
universal, The penplo will be well on
the way towards becoming a super race.
'lofty brow the invisible crown of manhood.
There was not a soft spot in his or-
mor and yet his was the tenderest of
hearts and he overflowed with tears
when he looked upon Us own poverty-
stricken, agonizing wife and starving
babes and contemplated the misery of
the numberlesB victims of the barbarous
system his genius had stripped to the
skeleton and was sworn to banish from
ihe earth.
What might Marx not have commanded had the moral power of the man not
supplemented the intellectual power of
the genius f
Had he but consented to negotiate, to
bargain, to compromise with the ruling
powers he and his loved ones would
never have been driven into the desert
and compelled to eat in cold and hunger and tears the bitter bread of poverty and exile. But Karl Marx was immeasurably above and beyond temptation; his lofty character disdained all
dickering and temporizing; he stood at
all times and in all situations inflexible
aB granite in his moral rectitude, and
though he and his dear ones might be
thrown into the street and perish of
cold and starvation, he would not, could
not pervert or prostitute his ideas and
ideals, the children of his brain and
soul.
Just as the unquenchable passion of
Marx the revolutionist flamed ont under
persecution and exile, so the inherent
nobility of his character as a man shono
forth in the darkest hour of poverty
that enshronded his humble home and
threatened his beloved wife and darling
brood with gaunt starvation.
Oh, the awful price that Marx the
Man paid to give Marx the genius to
the world and1 consecrate Marx the revolutionist to the emancipation of the
race.
He loved, aye. adored Mb beautiful
and brilliant wife, his incomparable
Jenny of Westphalen and their brood of
little ones, but more precious even than
theBe and dearer far than his own life,
was the great cause, and for this the
immortal Marx, the intellectual pathfinder, the moral leader and proletarian
liberator suffered crucifixion on a thousand crosses, sustained by the inexorable faith within bim that the hated
ideas and ideals he so devoutly cherished would ono day flood the earth with
light and rule the race throughout the
world.
The moral grandeur and impregnability of the man Bhine forth in all their
matchlesB lustre today, and in its splendor we behold not only Marx the Man,
but Jonny Marx the Woman, who from
first to last was his inspiration, his ministering angel, and his unfailing refuge
and support. Her courage and fortitude never wavered; her loyalty to tho
cause was supreme; her devotion to her
husband sublime.
Karl Marx and Jenny Marx, the"
adorofl wifo, stand beforo us today, and
with infinite pride and joy we hail them
across tho first century as the immortal
leaders of the social revolution now
shaking tho earth and destined to destroy despotism . in all its forms and
emancipate the race from the Blavery of
tho ages.
A woman lineman, who climbs poles to
repair tolephono wires tho aome as men, Is
employed in Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON—Sheet Metal Workers
union No. 102 haB secured a one-year agree-
?*oni-?I*h cmPloy"B. Wages nro Increased
to 16.60 a day until August 81, when tho
rats will ho $6.
INDIANAPOLIS—The hooks of Secrotary
Green show that for the month of March
«• y «? 'a110 Paid'uP mombers of tho United
Mine Workers were 459,528. This is the
largest membership in the hlBtory of that
organization.
LOCAL TBADES TO10M DIBBOTOBY
Alllti Printing Tradei CouncU—B. H. Mee-
landi, Box, 66, Vancouvtr, B. 0.
Bakers, No, 179—J. Black, Kaslo itreet,
Vancouver, B, 0.
Barbers—8. H. Grant, 820 Cambie itreet,
Vancouver, B, 0.
Bartenders—W. MotUshaw, Box 424, Vaneoaver, B. 0.
BlackBmithB—Malcolm Porter, 4211 Oxford
street, Vancouver, B. G.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 1161 Howe atreet.
Bookbinders—W. H. Cowderoy, 1SS6 Thirty
fonrth avenue eait, Vancouver, B. 0.
Boot and Shoe Worken—Tom Cory, 446
Vernon drive.
Brewery Workeri—A. B. Aihcroft, Suite 1,
1788 Fourth avenue weit.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor
Temple, Vaneonver, B. 0,
Brotherhood of Carpenters District Council—
J. G. Smith, Room 208, Labor Temple,
Vaneoaver, B, 0.
Brotherkood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1167 Harwood atreet, Vancouver, B, 0.   Seymour 184BR.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen—H, G Savage, 1285 Hornby
Btreet.
Brotherhood Railroad Employees—0. Bird,
2030 Union street.
Brotherhood of Bailway Carmen—
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way Employees—E. Oorado/286 Clark drive.
Butchers and Meat Cotters—Thos. Anderson,
481 Seventh avenue east, Fair. 1674R.
Clgarmakers—R. Craig, eare Van Loo Cigar
Factory,  Georgia itreet.
City Firemen—G. J. Richardson, No, 5 Fire-
hall.
Civic Employee!—G. Harrison, 1886 Woodland drive.
Civic Employees, North Vancouver—G. T.
Jenkin, 153 Sixth street west, Nortk Vanoouver.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—W. McKeniie,
Room 209, Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union—Russell Kear
ley, 487 Gore avenue.
Electrical Workers—E, H. Morriion, Room
207, Labor Temple,
Freight Handlers—H. S. Duncan, 1388 Eleventh avenue east.
Garment Workers—Ada Hawkswortb, 8616
Fleming street.
Granite Cutters—Edward Hurry, Columbia
Hotel.
Home Workers' League—Mrs. 0, M. Eln,
159 Hastings atreet east.
Lathers—A. P. Surges,  16 Hastings east.
Letter Carriers—Robt. Wight, 177 Seventeenth avenue west.
Longshoremen—F, Chapman, 804 Pender
street west.
Longshoremen's Auxiliary, No. 38-62—E.
Winch, 1218 Howe atreet.
Machinist!—J. Brooks, Room 211, Labor
Temple.
Machinists, No. 720 (Garagemen)—H. H.
Trail.  746  Gilford itreet.
Machinists, No. 777—W. Street, 798 Sixteenth avenue east.
Marine Firemen and Oilers—D. Haley, 88
Hastings itreet east, Sey.  8698.
Mill and Faotory Workers, No, 1958—F.
Brownsword, Labor Temple.
Molders—A. H. Donaldson, Labor Temple,
Moving Fioture Operators—A. 0, Hansen,
P. 0. Box 845.
Musicians—E, J. Jamleson, Room 805, Labor
Temple.
Oil Refinery Workers—loco, B. C. A. Smith,
3745 Union stroet.
Order of Railroad Conductors—G. Hatch,
761 Beatty itreet.
Painters—D, Lemon, Room 803, Labor
Temple.
Pattern Makers (Vancouver)—E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point Grey road.
Pllo Drivers and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room 208 J£,  Labor Temple.
Plasterers—Geo. Rush, 2276 Fourteenth avonue west.   Phone Bay. 2215L.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206%, Labor
Temple.    Phono Sey. 8611.
Press Assistants—Thos. Graydon, 6727 (Jul-
ledon street, South Vancouver.
Pressmen—E. B. StephenBon, P. 0. Box 894.
Railway Mail Clerks, Vancouver Branch-
Charles Felix, R. M. S. offlce, P. 0. Bldg.,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Retail Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 1078
Melville street.
Seaman's Union—W. Hardy, P.O. Box 1365.
Sheet Motal Workers—Goo. Bowerlng, Vancouver Heights P. 0.
Shipbuilders' Laborers—W. Hardy, Room
217,  Labor Temple.
Shipwrights and Caulkers—J. Bromfleld,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Stationary Firemen (Gas Workors)—T. M.
Martin,  1240 Robson itreot, Soy. 620BT.
Steam and Operating Engineers—W. A.
Alexander,   Rom 216.
Steam Shovel and Dredgomon—Ohas. Foree,
95 Powell streot.
Stereotypers—W. Bayley. elo Daily Province.
Stonecutters—Alex.  Duff,  Box   1047.
Street Railway Employees—Fred. A. Hoover,
cornor Main and Prior streets. Phone
exchango Sey. 5000; residence, Fair. 641R.
Structural Iron Workers—Roy Massecar,
Room 208,  Labor Temple,
Tailors—W. W. Hocken, P.O. Box 608.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs, No, 656—B.
Showier,  1076  Robson street.
...May 3, 1919
The Anniversary Sale Has Lowered
Prices On All Quality Paints
Buy Now and Save!
Large bottles of Pure Turpentine, reg. 40c, for 26c
Large bottles Pure Linseed Oil, reg. 65c, for.  49c
Large bottles Pure Orange Shellac, reg. $1.60,
for  98c
100 qts. Thistle Brand White Paint; reg. $1.15,
for    98c
300 qts. H. B. Co. No. 1 Moor and Linoleum
Varnish; reg. $1.50, for    75c
Green Paint for Flower boxes; pints, reg. 65c  39c
Half pints; reg. 35c, for    20c
Berry Bros. Floor and Linoleum Wax—1-lb.;
reg. 60c, for -     39c
DOZENS OF BARGAINS NOT ADVERTISED
^®5udsonsBaii(fbmpani|. M.
{_.._   ^_) nww-MffiB   Ufa     jjSMMT I ai^Mutaa. ttoMio mikihihih V ^33*  j
Granville and Georgia Streets
Telegraphers—W. D. Brine, P.O. Box 482.
Theatrical Federation—Room 804-805, Labor
Theatrical Stage Employoea—G. Martin, 657
Prior street. „    ,
Tllelayers and Helpers—A. Jamleson, 640
Twenty-third avenue east.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor B. Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Templi.    _
Typographical Union—H. Neelandi, Box 66.
Warehousemcns Association—A. R. Robertson, 587 Homer street.
Upholsterers and Trimmers—W. 8. Watt,
1408 McLean Drive.
BUSINESS AGEUT DZBBOTOBT
Ask  for Lator Temple  'Phona Exchange,
Seymonr   7496   (nnleis   otherwiw   lUted)
Boilermakers—J. H. CarmlcbaoL Room 212,
Labor Temple.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workers—Roy
Massecar, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No. 617—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood of Carpenters, No, 2647—J. 0.
Smith, Room 208.
Butohors and Meat Cutters—Thos, Anderson,
481 Seventh avenue east. Fair. 1674R.
Civio Employees—W. McFarlane, Room 220,
Labor Temple.
Cooks  and  Walters—W.   McKensle,   Room
209,  Labor Templo,
Deep Sea Fishormon's Union—Russell Kearley, 437 Gore avenuo.    Offlce phone, Sey.
4704;   residence, High. 718R.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrison,   Room
207,    Phone Soy. 8610.
I. L. A, Auxiliary—fl.  Wtneh,    436  Howe
street.    Phone Sey.  6859.
Longshoremen's      Association—Gordon      J.
Kolly, 804 Pender Btreet weet; phone Sey.
6859.
Machinists—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving Picture Operators—J.  C. LaChance,
Room 804.
Musicians—E. A. Jamieson, Room 305.
Pile Drivors    and    Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides,    Room  206%,    Labor Tomple.
Phone Sey. 3011.
Painters—H. Grand, Room 808.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206%.
Shipyard Laborors' Union—W. Hardy, Room
217, Labor Templo.
Street Railway Employeos—F. Hoover, corner  Main and Prior stroets.    Soy. 5000.
Shipwrights    and    Caulkers—J.    Bromfleld,
Room 212, Labor Temple.
Steam Enginoers—A,  Alexander, Room 216,
Labor Temple.
Teamsters—J. F. Pool, Labor Tomple.
Trades and Labor Oouncll—Victor R, Mldgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
WarobonsomonB    Union—A.    R.    Robertson,
587 Homer street.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every man-
is it in toues?
—thoae Fiirarat MM—
ELECTRIO FIXTURES
AND SUPPLIES
The Jervii Electric Co., Lid.
670 liehudi Street
If yon haven't joined the Federated Labor
Part**, set in touoh with Secretar; Twitter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the provlnee. -**-*
To Federationist
Subscribers:
PleaBo remember that no letter
acknowledgement of subscriptions or renewals are made.
The address label on yoar
paper carries the date to which
yeur subscription is paid. If,
after forwarding monies to thlr
office, the correct change In
your label date ts not made,
nttify us at once. When you
have a kick to make regarding
delivery, er otherwise, kindly
lend It to thla office—iat to
the other fellow. Thai yoa
will get matten adjusted, aad
we'll all he happy.
B.C. Federationist
R. PARM. PETTIPIEOB,
Manager.
Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. C.
BAPCO
Marine Paint and Varnish
Submarine Paint
No. 1 Anti-Corrosive Composition
No. 2 Anti-Fouling Composition
Bapco Copper Paint
Dry Colors
Color ground in oil
Colors in Japan
White Zinc, White Lead and Red
Lead
Linseed Oil and Turps.
Paints for
Life Boats
Deck Houses
Top Sides
Hatch Coamings
Masts
Engine Room
Bunkers
Holds
Decks (iron or wood)
Smokestack Paint
Spar and Boat Varnish
CONTRACTORS TO
Imperial Government
Imperial Munitions Board
Dominion Government
Provincial Government
Department Tugs and Dredges
Department Naval Service
Yarrows
Victoria Machinery Depot
Cameron Genoa Shipyards
Foundation Co., Ltd., Shipyards
J. Coughlan & Son Shipyards
Wallace Shipyards
B. C. Marine Railway
Lyall Shipyards
Western Canada Shipyards
New Westminster Construction &
Engineering Co.
C. P. R.
G.P.O.S.
Grand Trunk Steamship Co.
Pacific Construction & Engineering Co.,
Coquitlam.
Vancouver Shipyards, etc., etc.
And all users of high-gr^de Marine Paint and Varnish.
British America Paint Company, Ltd.
VICTORIA, B. C.
Branches: Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton FBIDAY...
..May 3,  1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE ELEVEN
S. T Wallace's
Marketeria
"You Benefit"
118 HASTINGS W.
Bay. 781 md 1266
Honey and Maple Sugar do not
require Bhlpping.   Use them.
—Canada Food Board.
Just arrived:  Shipment ot East-
em Maple Sugar, genuine old
style cakes.  Each 66c
Smaller cakes  16c
Honoy, "Sottherbys" por jar 36c
Butter for OvorBoas, por tin, 40c
and 76c
Butter, Eastorn, por lb *6Bc
Crisco, por tin 36c
MolanBOB  2 tins 26c
Pacific Milk, por tin  lie
Dutch Busks, por pkg 20c
Victoria Cross Toa....3 lhs. $1.16
Totautocs, 3'b  2 for 36c
Bogors'  Golden Syrup,  tin....44c
Pickles; Bweet, sour and chowj
jar  26c
Pork and Beans, tin  10c
Maple Syrup, pure; bottlo ....86c
Garden Seeds—Plant Now
HOTEL ALCAZAR
OpatUta labor Ham
VAJIOOtrTM. B. 0.
—Baadtaartan ior Labor Man—
Ratea—750 ud 11.00 ear taj.
18.60 par weak aad ap.
Oata at BaaaaaaUa aatia
ARGUE!
<M
llcffeohwbc
acco.
I. Parliament 0. Turcott
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—IWBLVB KBW TABLES—
(Braaawiek'Balke Oollender Co.)
—Headquartera (or Union
Union-mada   Tobaccos,   Olgan   aal
Oipiettei
Only White Help Employed
42; Hastings St. East
CENTER & HANNA, Ud.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1019 OEOBOIA STBEBT
One Blook weBt of Court Honie.
Ubo of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to aU
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour MSI
NEWS STANDS
The FederationiBt ia on aale In
Vancouver at the following news
stand.:
UNIVERSAL NEWS STAND,
ltd Hastinsa Street But
PANAMA PACIFIC NEWS STANDS,
Corner Hastings and Colombia
MoFADDEN NEWSTAND,
422 Richards Btreet
B. C. E. NEWS STAND,
Cor, Carrall and Hastinsa Street
THODEY'S NEWS STAND,
Oor. Richards and Heatings
JOHN SREEN NEWS STAND,
90S Carrall Stnet
W. GALLOWAY,
185 Hastlnga Eaat
W. R. COULTER,
Port Coquitlam, B. 0.
INVESTIGATE e|VC||:..
I"tWSW.tu*Wk!llb." /ftnraCewie "I™********!
S'Tht Sail* Tuind Ibe ftrw.r." Sktarman T     1    V*
= Alllhree tootlili »*l Ik Mtc. Its w,  ■     n   nS
-»»lb. Sink Tn Kal shin. 10 week. 25c. I
STHE PUBLIC 122 Eut 37th Sont. New Yak i
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all train.,
boats, hotels and residence.
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phone ns day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
ley. 101-6-8        Union Station
BEST
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Pair. 28M       1(S> Mall Stnet
THE PROFIT VULTURE
SI PURSUES
The  Present  Carnival  of
Blood Stimulates
His Appetite   s
State Capitalism Is Taking
Advantage of Great
,  Opportunity
[By W. Francis Ahorn]
SYDNEY, N. S. W., April 2.—
(Special)—-Like a vulture tho war profiteer ia preying upon the peoplo in
thoir distress. War has ever furnished a great opportunity for him to ply
his trade nnd the present world conflict
has opened up to him a field of unprecedented possibilities. Ono of the first
actB of the Queensland Labor governmont on its assuming office in June,
1915, was to take action to curb the rapacity of the war profiteers. As far as
foodstuffs are concerned, tho efforts
takon havo been so far successful as to
reduce the minimum cost of living in
Queensland between November, 1915,
and Novembor, 1916, by 12 1-2 por
cent. Unfortunately, tho action of the
Fedoral government in Australia in
taking over the price-fixing machinery
under the War Precautions Aet, instead
of further reducing the cost of living
resulted in an increase of seven per
cent, between Novembor, 1916, and
November, 1917.
State Butcheries
With the object of controlling the
cost of living in so far as the Queensland government was able, large station properties were acquired, and a
system of state, butcheries inaugurated.
The success which has attended this
policy on the part of tho Queensland
Labor government justified the government in coming beforo the people laBt
March at the eleetion with, a proposal
to further extend the meat industry so
as to bo able to supply all the people
of Queensland with cheap state-controlled meat in the futuro if necessary.
The proposal provides for stock depots
nt suitable points on the principal railways, on which will be orected abattoirs and tho necessary yards, refrigerating plants, and insulated cold
storcB, from which meat will bo consigned to vnrious towns and railway
stations for sale and distribution by
private shops or by state shops in the
larger contres where they are or may
be established. It ia the intention of
tho Queensland government to base
the selling cost of meat on the cost of
production plus tho cost of distribution only. In order to carry out this
project, the state of Queensland will
eventually supply moat from cattlo
and sheep raised on its own holdings,
thus supplying tho public with this important food essential at a minimum
cost, without interfering with the privato sheep and cattlo growors. Thc
adoption of this proposal will bring
within the reach of all people of the
Btate an important daily food that existing conditions threaton to make a
luxury.
State Ranches
During its term of office the Queensland government Bet us a number of
state enterprises. Twolvo state ranches
are now owned by the Queensland government, comprising an area of 11,516
square miles, and at Decomber, 1917,
there were 158,320 cattle and horses on
thoso ranches. Tho total prico paid for
the stations was $3,500,000, and the
estimated proflt last year was $515,000.
It is tho intention of the government
not only to increase tho number of
ranches, but iu order to carry out tho
proposal for an efficient aupply of
meat, to increase tho numbor of stock
now held by the state. State butcheries havo boen opened in the principal
centres of population which it has been
possible to reach with supplies arranged by the government from the
meat-works. Up to date 20 shops have
been opened, and arrangements for the
opening of six others are on the way.
The shops already opened supply nearly 5,000 families daily, and during last
year showed a profit of over $30,000.
State Fish Shops
The government of Queensland haa
assumed control of a large fish market,
which is run in conjunction with fish
receiving depots along the coast, where
the curing and smoking of fish is carried on. New market buildings are being built, and when completed it is intended to inaugurate a system for augmenting the supply and carrying out
the distribution of fresh and cured
fish on moderate lines.
State Insurance
Under the provisions of the Workers Compensation Act of 1916 a state
insurance office has been opened by the
Queensland government, and this undertook the whole of the business appertaining to the workers' compensation throughout the state. The entry
of tho Btate into this business has been
most successful. While benefits obtained under the old law have boen increased by fully 75 por cont, no in-
creaBO of premiums to tho employees
has resulted. Compared with the provisions of tho old law, the maximum
payment of compensation, has beon increased from $2,000 to $3,000 at doath,
from* $2,000 to $3,750 in case of total
incapacity, and the weekly payments
from $5 to $10 per week. Tho balance
sheet of the State Insuranco Offico
shows a profit of $260,000 for the' last
yoar. From the sum of 10 por cent,
on ordinary and 50 .per cent, on workers' compensation policies. After the
passing of the Insuranco Act of 1916,
the government of Queensland started
a State Fire and Accident Insurance
office. This act reduced the gross premiums paid to the private insurance
companies by 20 per cent, the immediate result being a saving of $250,000
to the people of Queensland per year.
Ab a result of the successful operations
of this office it has been decided to
further reduce the rates during the
present year. The State Inaurance
office haa extended its operations in
the direction of life assurance, and
from the progress made there is every
indication to believe that thiB branch
of the business will prove equally successful. The whole of the insurance
enterprises have been set up without
any expense to the state whatever.
State Steamers
State sawmills have recently been
established by the Queensland government and working in with the Workers' Home Act is likely to be of material assistance to getting cheap homes
for the workerB. Later on, it is the intention of the government to establish a state lino of steamers, and for
this purpose steps are already being
taken to begin shipbuilding within tho
state.
"A Smashing Blow"
By tho various methods, somo of
which are detailed above, the Queensland government haa dealt the war profiteers a smashing blow in that state.
It was the knowledge of what the
Queensland Labor government was doing for the peoplo that sont the Byan
Labor government back to power on
March 16 last with a majority of no
less than 30 in a Houso of 72—the state
of parties being Labor 51, Opposition
(Conservatives) 21. Prior to the last
election the state of parties was
Labor 45, and Opposition 27. So disastrous was the defeat of the party opposed to Labor that the leader of tho
Opposition was signally defeated in n
Conservative seat.
EVERETT—Thomaa Jefferson, nn Indian
from the Luiiini reservation in Whatcom
county, was held to the federal grand jury
by Lulled States Commissioner Mansfield
yesterday on a charge of unpatriotic statements. It was reported that Jefferson had
said that, since Indians paid no taxes, thoir
Was no uso of their buying liberty bonds
or going to war. Peter James and Dick
Squiqui - were also held to the grand jury
for expressing similar sentiments around
tho Tulatip reservation.
COPENHAGEN.—Vienna despatches admit that the government iB facing a new
problem. The returned prisoners from Bus-
many of them high officers, aro reportod
as being enthusiastic propagandists for the
Russian cause. For this reason they are
permitted to remain only a short time on a
visit with their families and are being taken
to points where they are kept isolated from
tho i"st of the-, troops, It is declared that
the Czechs and Bohemian prisoners are
the worst and most confirmed in their
views and have been tireless propagandists
among their own people.
100th Anniversary of the Birth of Karl Marx
[By Herman Schlueter]
A hundred yoars ago, on the 5th of
May, 1918, at Trior, in the Rhineland,
Karl Marx was born, a man to whom
the working class of the world owes
more than to any othor human being.
Despito the raging of the war and de-
spito the thunder of battlo, he will,
therefore, be remembered during these
duyso in all countries and in all
tongues, on this and on yonder side, as
as man who has devoted all his rich
knowledge, all his great abilities towards the ono aim:
Emancipation of the Working Olass!
His rich knowledge! As Darwin has
discovered thc luw of evolution of organic naturo, so has Karl Marx discovered tho law of evolution of human
hiitory. It wns Marx who established
the simple historical fact that all the
various forms of human society depend
upon how peoplo out, drink, live and
clothe themselves and how they obtain
the mcaiiB of subsistence. Each Htep of
economic evolution of a people or of
n period, therefore, forms the basis
"from which the politicnl structure of
the state, the conception of law, art
and even the religious idea of the
people in question have developed and
out of which thoy must also be explained—not, as has heretofore boen
the case, but the contrary."   (Engels.)
Besides this great scientific discovery, by which humnn history was put
upon its real basis and by which particularly the class-character of all previous society was put into the propor
light, Marx has established tho special
law of ovolution of tho present capitalistic production and tho bourgeois
socioty created by it. He discovered,
that all social wealth is accumulated
surplus value; surplus value, which the
worker has created above his pay;
value, which tho capitalist pockets
to exploit tho worker with it und by it
still more,
The materialistic conception of history and the theory of surplus value—
these are tho two most important scientific discoveries of Karl Marx, Both
of thom still form the basis of the entire socialistic theory of today and
without it tho labor movement of the
world would not, even now, hnvo an
insight into thoir real task and no perception of thoir actual aim.
And therein Karl Marx saw his life's
task; he wanted to enlighten the work
ers about their historical mission;
wanted to show them the road to their
final emancipation! He pursued his
scientific researches not for tho sake
of science—and there he differed from
tho ordinary representative of Bcionce
—but he wanted to put his knowledge
at the service of the working class.
"Science was for Marx a motive, a
revolutionary force" and to have
placed this revolutionary force at the
disposal of tho labor movement of tho
world—that is tho groat merit of thiB
great thinker and fighter.
And from his early youth the great
knowledge of this extraordinary man
has been ut tho sorvico of tho labor
movement of tho world.
Thore hardly existed—outsido of
England—a movement of the working
class, when the eagle eye of Murx already perceived its historic importance.
At that timo already he gave to the
workors tho famous motto: "Proletarians of ull nations, unite!" whicli
has sinco become tho battlecry of the
workers of tlio entire world. At that
time he already began to,, devote his
entire knowledge and his wholo power
to the realization of thiB sentence and
to prepare tho working masses for this
revolutionary task. '' Becnuse Marx
was above all a revolutionist. To cooperate, in thiB or nny othor manner,
in the overthrow of capitalistic society
and tho political institutions created
by it, to aid in tho emancipation of
the modern proletariat, to which he had
first given tho conscience of itB own
condition and necessities, tho conscience of tho conditions for its emancipation—that was hiB true life vocation.
(Engels.)
And thiB vocation he followed whon
ho created the International Working-
men's Association and gave it aim and
substance. And he has filled this vocation with his numerous writings, with
hia work, with all his actions to tho
end of his life.
And, thereforo, today, on his hundredth anniversary, ho will bo remembered in every hut, factory and workshop, from tho icy fields of Siberia to
the sunny const of the Pacific. And,
thereforo, today all clear-sighted workers of all countries reach hands across
the battlo fields and gain consolation
nnd .hope for the future from the great
words of Marx, which will become reality for all that and all that:
"Workers of the World, Unite!"
T
Illegal Criticism of the Thin*
skinned Patriots Is
Avoided
Reminiscences of the Island
Strike and Deeds
of Heroism
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, V. I., April 30.—
Final arrangements have been made for the
May Day celebration tomorrow and everything is working toward making the day a
success. Last year the day was marred by
slight showers, but this year the weather
conditions appear to be highly favorable.
ThlB, no doubt, is due to the Liberal government having got Into working trim. I
shall undoubtedly give a certain measure of
commendation to "Honest John" as a reward for his services in producing a perfect
day. Of course I can realize that the win-
the-war government has also had a hand In
the game, and If funds will permit wo propose to give Johnny Mcintosh a leather
medal.
Altruism at Ottawa
Having in mind tho recent order-In-
council, forbidding criticism of any acts of
our statesmen, 1 am going to try and obey
the mandates of the champions of democracy.
If at any time a calamity of greater or
leas degree Bhould visit this fair Dominion
of ours, we will steel our hearts to the
ordeal of laying It to the machinations of
our enemies. But, on the other hand,
should any' blessing be showered upon us,
we will charge it up to the benign influence
of the present aggregation of honest, and
altruistic legislators back at Ottawa. Should
any one of their number at any time make
statements calculated to Injure the cause of
Labor, we will excuse him, for we shall
then realise that he is simply hearing his
master's voice. Statements of this character
have recently been made by one Major
Cooper. He made the Insinuation that the
majority of union men In Canada were aliens.
He deplored the fact of men being employed in British Columbia wbo were openly
antagonistic to the allied cause. B. 0.
Cooper's statements may or may not be
false, but if he means to infer that the
aliens are dominating the unlona for sinister
purposes, we would very kindly remind him
tbat, in our experience, tbe aliens have always been the most faithful union men. And
that, coupled with the fact that so many
trade unionists have answered thoir country's call, accounts for the faot of the large
numbers of men ln the unions who, by accident, were born In countries outside the
British Empire. Surely Major Cooperdoes
not want to place the blame of birth upon
the individual, for where we are born iB a
matter beyond our control. It Is wbat a
man is that counts, not where he was born.
One* a "Scab-herder"
Now, let ub go a little further, and for
the time being, disrate Major Cooper and
place him where he was before he attained the dignity of an M. P. Our minds go
back a short time, when tho miners of Vancouver Island were fighting, with thoir
backs against the wall, for tho privilege of
existing In this blessed country. Major,
then Captain, Cooper was acting as a scab-
herder in Nan&imo. His function then waa
to protect the very men who he saya now
are earning from $4 to $14 per day. Ho
had at that time the mines filled with Italians, Montenegrins, Greeks, Roumanians,
Germans, Austrians, etc., and Capt. Cooper
lent his assistance to tho beautiful game of
chasing the brightest and best of our Brit-
Uh-born fighters to the four corners of the
earth. So Major Cooper can blame himself
for some of the conditions that are now
prevailing. It is strange how these gentle'
men in high places forget tho Vancouver
Island strike at one time and at other
times they attach the utmdst Importance
to it.
Still Semi-feudal
The Dally Colonist of recent date gave a
write-up of u column on the arrest of Louis
Nuenthal, late president of Local 872, who
has been arrested ss a Gorman spy In the
United States. Thoy proclaimed the fact of
his being collected with Labor troubles in
Colorado and on Vancouver Island, branded
him as a professional agitator, Jn fact they
laid the blame of the Vancouver Island strike
at his doors. The fact of the absence of
labor troubles on Vancouver Island since his
departure was commented upon. But if the
man who wrote the article would only take
tho troublo to investigate, ho would find
that tho cause then and now is still hero,
for the miners of this Island are Btill working under semi-feudal conditions. They are
totally ignored by the governments of the
day and are working for lower wages than
their competitors In the Stato of Washington. Any way, we can safely puss such
junk as the article in question, for we can
expect nothing else but grunts from a hogpen.
A Wager Offered
The collection that we took up for the
widow and children of our late brother Bub
IsbiBter realized 'the sum of $87 and we
have taken up the matter with the provincial government, through the government
agent at Nanaimo. Of courso he wanted to
know if the woman couldn't go to work.
But when he found out that she bad a
young baby he promised to do his best. We
notice that Lady McBride was granted tho
sum of $5,000. Did any one ask why she
did not go out to work! Surely she did
not deserve any more consideration than a
worker's widow. We are willing to bet four
bits that our departed brother Bob IsbiBter
produced more to satisfy human needR In
one weok than the late Sir Richard did In
the whole of his life. Then why should the
widow of one, whn js destitute, have to get
out and hustle and the widow of the other,
who should havts plenty, be given still mure i
To   those   that have   shall   be  given,   and
) thoBO that have not shall be taken
away."
Inspection?
Some time ago I reported In The Fed.
the fact of our local having tu pay for the
inspection of the scales in the mine. Wo
had a storm In a tea-cup at the tlma and
events havo proven that we ware justified in
our objections, "for just recently another Inspector visited the mines and refused to
pass the scales. He also looked for the
other inspector's Mump and failed to find
it. The former inspector had taken tho test
weights away to test and stamp and has so
far failed to sond them back. All of whieh
goos to prove Hist laws enacted for tic
benefit of the workers aro absolutely useless unless enforced, Ho tho mora) Is: "hit
your own clans In powor, to mako and enforce your laws."
I nm sorry thnt the report of our May
Dny celebration will not upear in the May
Day edition uf The Fed., but WB will have
a report in the edition following. Last year
wo distributed several hundrod copies of
Tho Fed. throughout the Island conl camps.
This year thors Is a revival of activity, ns
ovidonced by, the fact nf us getting the cooperation of Nanaimo and Ladysmlth in our
celebration. Great progress has also been
mado in our own camp since last Mny. Wo
hav3 assisted in ilacing one worker's representative in parliament.
Wo now have a very capable brass band,
which obviates the necessity of running
thc chance of Retting fooled ajrain; and last,
but not least, wo hav? an up-to-date picture
show. Two of our fellow workers, Dave
Richards and Eric Mitchell, are the bloated
capitalists who are running the show. The
pictures nro run three nights a week, with
a inatln?o on Sunday.. The programme fa
changed with overy show, nnd it compares
very favorably with tho pictures shown in
city houses. So we cordially invite our
friond Farm ovor, and wc will gin him up
to a ticket for the show, provided he gives
up two bits. Oncj he visits one picture)
palace he will nover again say that Soutli
Wellington  Is  in  n  God-forsaken  hole.
OF
I RIGHT ID
Workers' Interests Are All
Interwoven One With
Another
Unionism is a symbol of intelligence,
but there are union men whose actions
are not in harmony with the symbol.
There aro tnen whose sense of solidarity
ends where the jurisdiction of their
union ends, if it goes aB far as that,
and who take not the leaat interest in
the doings and welfare of men and
women. Such attitude is a detriment
to the labor movement and a great
hindrance to human progress, but the
omployers enjoy it because it helps
their cause by weakening the camse of
the workers. Tou must overthrow that
narrow selfishness, for it defeats its
own object. It is by their solidarity
only that the workors have any show
of raising their standard of life, and
the well-being of all-men and womAi in
aU tradeB and occupations is tbe fundamental condition and prerequisite of
the lasting well-being of everyone,
What are you that you should be con-
corned with your individual interests
onlyf Are you of such importance to
the world that your personal affairs
take precedence of those of all other
peopleT Don't deceive yourself. Tou
are of importance to yourself only and
it is your duty as well as your right
to look out for yourself. But by doing
so you cannot help noticing that your
intorests are so interwoven with the interests of many others that you cannot
advance your interests without helping along those of your fellow men,
and that you cannot ignore, neglect
or injure the interests of others without injuring your own.
Solidarity among workers is not a
matter of sentimentality; it is a demand of necessity that none can ignore
with impunity. Tou muat make oommon oause with your fellow men, because this cause is your cause. Tou
are simply helping yourself by helping
others.
All you are asked to sacrifice is your
narrow-mindedness, and you will feel
relieved as soon as you have got rid
of it. It does you more actual harm
than good, it makes you unsocial and
ugly. It disfigures your character and
betrays a lack of knowledge and intelligence that no self-respecting man
is willing to acknowledge. The well-
known phrase, "help yourself," has
Bonse only when used in the plural:
"help yourselves" by joining forces
and fighting your battles together.
CHRISTIANIA— A majority of the Norwegian political parties have agreed to support a proposal that military training should
he omitted during the present year and
the conscripts put, instead, to labor on the
land. The object In view is tho cultivation
of an additional 250,000 acres of new agricultural land.
ROCKFORD, ILL.—Brent Dow AlHnson,
conscientious objector, waB bayonetted, but
not seriously wounded by his military guard
when he declined to perform his duties of
cleaning up the ground. Allison did not
object to picking up waste papers, but balked when bis guard told him to pick up cigar
and cigarette butts.
BOSTON—Orders have been Issued to tbe
police In American cities to arrest alt deserters from British and Canadian armies,
according to officers of the British and Canadian tjecruiting mission, who announced today that one deserter had boen picked up
here and roturned to Montreal. Flans for
rounding up men who left countries under
the British flag to come to the United
States have been perfected, it is Baid, and
names of Canadian draft dodgers and deserters received from Canada have been
turned over to  the Boston police.
I
TaULORING___*
Menl Saturday Is Your
Last Opportunity
Ton owe it to yourself to get the most and best for every
dollar you spend. This is the reason you should make it
your business to investigate the Suits we are now making
for
$33.50
And remember, flrst of all, that tomorrow is the last day.
If you miss thiB chance it moans that you simply refused to buy
for $35.00 a suit you couldn't duplicate any other time here or elsewhere for less tban $40.00.
EVERY SUIT UNION-MADE
FIT   GUARANTEED
HOKE OF
SHABT-
TAILORED
SUITS"
133
HASTINGS
Street West
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Tdeplwne.
Sey. 749S
LABOR TEMPLE
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when'wanted.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
DUBLIN—At a labor meeting at Athlono
It was resolved to oposo industrial us woll
an military conscription. Women workers
pledged themselves to undertake no work
previously done by men,
It is recited In the April Issue of The
Nation's Business, official organ of tho
Chamber of Commerce of the United Stales,
that tho cost of living in European countries In and oui of the war Is In soma cases
higher than in this country. It Is shown
lhat the advance ever lOJil In Italy Is 65
por cent., Spain 25 per cent., Greece 250
per cent., Switzerland 97 per cent., Sweden
225 per cent,. Denmark 70 per eent,.
Franco 57 per cent., and Holland fid per
cent. In this country the advance has bwtl
variously given as from nbout 75 to 15fi
por cent.
These Stores
are worthy of the
patronage of
Organized Labor
The Clerks' Association request the assistance of the Labor
forces to organize the clerks thoroughly.
THE UNION STORE CARD—To be seen in each of the following stores is the only guarantee that the store employs union,
clerks:
CLAMANS LTD., 158 Hastings East.
DICKS LTD., 53 Hastings West.
WM. DICK LTD., 33 Hastings Street East, and 47 Hastings
Street East.
POTTS & SMALL, 449 Granville Street.
RICKSON'S, 820 Granville Street.
J. A. FLETT, & CO., LTD., (Hardware), 339 Hastings Street
West.
J. BARLOW, Cigar Store, Cordova Street.
INGLEDEW SHOE STORE, 666 Granville Street.
Union Card Applied for—
ROBINSON'S CLOTHES SHOP, Hastings Street. Page twelve
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PEIDAT May
1911
THIS WAS THE FIRST STORE TO SIGN
THE AGREEMENT WITH
THE RETAIL CLERKS'UNION
AND OBTAIN A UNION STORE CARD
ORGANIZATION IS QOOD FOR LABOR
Therefore
ORGANIZATION IS GOOD FOR US
THE HOME OF HART.SCHAFFNER& MARX CLOTHES'
LIMITED i
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
The Largest Exclusive Mens' and Boys' Store in Canada
RETAIL STOBE MANAGER
INTIMIDATES EMPLOYEES
Statement of Betail Clerks Organiser
t>y "World" Does Not Cover
Enough Ground
The Dally World of May 1 closos a
report of the clerks' meeting by stating
'that Organizer Hoop said: "If I find
a manager attempting to interfere with
my organization work I will take a
chance on breaking his neck."
"The report, in a genoral way, is
truo, but at tho same time calculated
to be misleading,'' saya Organizer
Hoop. "There was a good reason for
making the statoment, and when explained throws a fuller light on the
matter. It appears that a gentleman
was parading up and down before tho
Labor Tomple at tho time the clerks
were coming to the mass-meeting.   It
wns roported to me that he was a
manager of Woodward's department
store on Hastings street. The employees of that store immediately
sensed danger and reported the matter
to me. In my long experience in the
Labor movemont, I have learned that
there ib always a reason for a manager interesting himself in the welfare
of his employees after work hours. To
select ono night, and that night when
the clerks meet to organize, to parade
boforo the Labor Temple, means that
he was thero to see which of his employees dared enter the Labor Temple.
I asked him if ho was a manager of
a store. He repliod 'Tos, but also an
employee of that store.' Wo talked for
a while, but as tho meeting was a
muss-moot nig we decided to lot bim in
if he had the brass-face to enter. We
havo tho opinion of some in the store
regarding this individual; also a report
that a manager has been tho rounds
saying 'Do you know your clerks at*
tend union meetings?' And, putting
all things, together, it becomes necessary to outline a definite policy regarding managers who go so far out of
their way as to intimidate their employees and parade beforo the Labor
i?emple for such despicable purposes.
There are many reasonable and fair
employers in Vancouver. Tho Clerks
association desires to work hand-in-
hand with theso merchants, and no
trouble with tho clerks can ever be
corifeeived of where an attempt is mado
to work harmoniously. Where is the
man in these days who would not tako
a chance in wringing tho neck of a
Bnake, whose actions can only mean
ono thing, tho building up of profits on
the underpaid lnbor of inexperienced
and unorganized girls!"
This Issue ought to I>o rend by nt least
it dozen persons in your annumnity.' Start
it moving.
Mill and Factory Workers.
Secretary Thomas reports that the
now wage agreement for Mill and Factory Workers has been signed up by
employers without any trouble. It is
now in order for all men working in
mill or factory to get into the union
and got the new wage scale.
I. L. A, Auxiliary.
Secretary Winch of the Longshoremen's Auxiliary reports that the new
headquarters at Knox church will be
opened May 13 with a houBewarming
to celebrate the anniversary of the organization of the loeal. The coming
event, moving into a church, has inspired the union for higher things and
thoy are expected to be heard from
in this regard in tho very near futuro.
J. W. Whiteley and H. Whigman have
been elected delegates to tho Seattle
meeting of the Pacific District Coun
oil.
Grave and Stern Decorum
of Canadian Senatorial
Countenance
Clean   Cut   Logic   Driven
Home With Ponderous
Profundity
OTTAWA, April 29.—At its evening
session, tho senate took up thc government's measure to extend the franchise
to women, Sir James Lougheed loading
off the bill in a brief introductory address.
Senator Boyer opposed the bill. He
believed that tho ballot would bring
women down from the high plane from
which thoy were placed today.
Senator Power oposod tho bill on the
grounds that it constituted an interference with provincial - rights and
moved an amendment to the offect that
the matter of preparation of voters'
lists bo left to the provinces.
Senator Cloran said tho legislation proposed by the government was not calculated
to advance the interost of either women or
tho nation. Incidentally, be remarked that
In tho laBt election women with "no more
capacity than children to vote Intelligently"
were led for union government by promisos
of furloughs for their soldier husbands and
relatives, and of increased separation allowances.
This accusation brought a sharp rejoinder
from Senator MoMeans, who declared that
Senator Cloran had offered gratuitous insult to the noble women who had given their
all to the empire tin this mighty struggle.
Senator Cloran, jumping to his feot, Indignantly declared that Senator MoMennB*
charge was untrue.
Senator McMeans:    "It is  true."
Senator Cloran:    "It Ib not true."
Thero wero BhoutB of "Order, order," and
for  a moment the  chamber  was  in tumult.
Order was restored and Sonator Mc-
Means said that Senator Cloran's namo
would "go down through history ln infamy," for Mb opposition to the Bending of
reinforcements to the front.
Senator Cloran: "I sent my son; and
all of my blood are in tbo trenches,"
Proceeding, Senator McMoans said that
Senator Cloran's reference to tho women
of Canada was an "infamous Ho.""
Another uproar followed. Senator Cloran
rising to a point of order and vainly trying
to mako himself heard amidst shouts of
"sit down" and "order," Finally, making
himself heard, Senator Cloran Bald that
Senator McMeans had better withdraw or
take what was coining to him." This drew
from Senator McMeans tho retort that if
Senator Cloran was as ready as he (McMeans! wns to tako what was coining to
him   th(*y   could   both   bc   easily   satisfied.
Senator McMeans added that what he had
wished to emphasize was that what Senator
Oloran  said was untrue.
Senator Cloran observed that this expression was more parliamentary and the
matter was over.
Senator Poirior did not favor women
getting tho franchise.
Senator Dandnrand favored th? franchise
for women because he believed them just
as qualified to vote as men.
Tho debate will be resumed  tomorrow.
—Dally Pnss report.
"The debate will be resumed tomorrow," soys the report. Such penetrating humor should bo debarred. Such
cutting sarcasm should be prohibited.
Or if the reporter was renlly serious he
should be pinched for sedition and dis
loyalty to the truth. Tho idea of calling such a low -and vulgar exhibition
as that a '' debate'' is impudence most
monstrous. Alongside of sueh a display
a bar-room brawl might properly be
termed an intellectual controversy. To
what sublime heights has the political
tribune of Canadian capitalism risen.
Teamsters
, Business Agent Showier reports that
Organizer Hoop/ who organized the firs?
Teamsters' union in Winnipeg, will address the meeting next Wednesday evening.
Carpenters.
The $5.50-a-day wage schedule of the
Carpenters union went into effect May
1 without any trouble. All the men
are working and both contractors and
mon are satisfied over the result.
Progressive Home Workers
A whist drive and dance will be
given under the auspices of the,Progressive Home WorkerB league, in O'Brien's
hall, Thursday ovening, May 9. President Mrs. E. Wakefield and Secretary
Mrs. King promise a good time to thoso
participating,
Warehousemen
Six new members were initiated by
tho Warehousemen's union. reportB
Business Agont Hubert sun. A wage
agreemont has been presonted to the
wholesale grocers for action to take offect May 15. An ngreoment is being
drawn up for presentation to the wholosalo fruiterers of tho city. ThiB will bo
acted upon at the meeting of the union
this (Friday) evening.
Blacksmiths.
C. C. Bouse has been elected to fill
tho office of business agent for the
Blacksmiths union. Four new members were initiated and ton applications received at laBt meeting, Tho
district council meets Saturday afternoon in the Lnbor Temple. Delegates
from tho local are: C. C. Boubo, Boyd
Hay, Bobert Main and Malcolm Smith.
Tho delegates from the Victoria local
aro FranciB Morrison, W. Proud-
foot and M. McMnsters.
Machinists Ladles Auxiliary*.
Under tho auspices of the above
local, a whist drive and dance was
held last Saturday ovening, in the
Lubor Temple. This was tho first
achievement of this lodgo in the social
life of thc trade union movement of
this city. Tho whist drive was conducted by Vice-President Mrs. J. Taylor with tho assistance of Sisters Day,
Edney and Denny. The prizes were donated by Machinists Lodges 777 and
182, and were distributed by President
Mrs. C. Crawford, as follows: Firat
prizes, Mrs. Young-Mr, J. Mann; second, Mrs. MeVety-Mr. Jones; consolations to Miss Foxcroft and Mr. Davidson. The ladies in charge of the supper were Sisters Towler, Crawford,
Griffith, Edwards, McVoty, McKay,
Robinson and McMillan. The refreshments were of tho very host, the ex-
collcnt ten, coffee and cakes all being
generously donated. The tables were
prettily decorated with daffodils, tulips
and friiit, and it is interesting to know
that all tho purchases made for this
occasion wore from union stores. With
Brother Edney as M. C, old-fashioned
dances wore revived, to tlie delight of
all present, tho musicians being repeatedly encored. Special mention should
bo mado of Brothers Day, Crawford
und Towler, who gave untiring assis-
VICTORIA RAILROAD
EMPLOYEES 0ROANIZ1
Dominion Express Oompany Is Agai
Forestalled in Forming a
Oompany Union
A local of the Canadian Brotherhoo
of Bailroad Employees was organize
at Victoria last Friday evening. Th
looal includes clerks, freight handler!
baggagemen and express employee!
Organizer Eobson and A. S. Wells, set
retary of the B. C. Federation o
Labor, addressed tho meeting and wer
enthusiastically received.
When Organizer Bobson explaine
the part the Canadian Brotherhood o
Bailroad Employeos had played in deal
mg with the organization that ha<
been organized by the Dominion Ei
press compan-f, the men at the meetin;
made up their minds then and ther
that thoy would fight shy of an
"compnny union" and would warn ai
other employers.
Thero are many othor unorganized
railroad employees in the provinco am
should thiB moot the eye of any the
arc requested to writo to M. B. Mac
loan, general scorotary-trensuror, C. I
B. E., Eastorn Trust Building, Hnlifai
Nova Scotia.
Typographical Union.
President Marshall occupied th
chair at tho regular meeting of Van
couver Typographical union, held Sun
day Inst, at which nomination of offl
cors for tho ensuing your was th*
principal item of businoss oceupyini
tho attention of tho members present
Tho following is n list of names sub
mitted for the different "positions
President, B. G. Marshall and W. H
Jordan; vico-prosidont, W. H. Jordai
(acclamation) ,* secretary-treasurer, B
H. Neelands (acclamation for tentl
year); executivo committee, C. Collier
J. Dnhlagor, W. S. Thomson, M. D. Bu
chanan, C. Cross, W. H. Youhill, C
Lamb, J. Hazoldine and J. Bankin
audit committeo, W. B. Cnrrio, M. D
Buchanan aud L. Manning (acclama
tion); trustees, W. B. Trotter, Geo
Wilby and W. H. Hunt (acclamation)
for roading clerk, H. L. Corey (acclama
tion); sorgoant-at*ni*ras, A. J. Buckle]
(acclamation); delegates to Alliec
Trades Council, Geo. Bartley, B. H
Neelands, J. Hazoldine, J. A. Kershaw
A. E, WeBterman and M. J). Buchnnan
delogates to I. T. U. eonvention, R. G
Marshall and Geo. Bartley; delegate!
to B. C. Federation of Labor, W. B
Trotter, J. E. Wilton and B. H. Nee
lands; delegates to Trades and Laboi
Council, W. R. Trottor, Goo. Bnrtlev
W. H. Youhill, B. G. Marshall and E
W. SummerB (ncclnmation); delegnte!
to Trados and Labor Congress of Cnn
adc, W. B. Trottor, W. H. Youhill, H
L. Corey, W. H. Jordan and Geo. Bart
loy; delegates to Northwestern Typo
graphical Conference, H. L. Corey, B
H. Neelands and W. H. Jordan; con
cilintion committee, W. R. Trotor, R
G. Marshall and W. H. Youhill; sick
committee, W. C. Metzger, F. Fowler
W. H. Jordan, J. Stobbings and L
Manning (acclamation). Election ot
officers will be hold on Wednesday
May 22, at thc union headquarters.
Room 206 Lnbor Templo—the secre
tary being named to act ns returning
officer. Travelling cards were deposited by James W. Grier from Vernon
union, and W. F. Stevens from Cnlgary*      .	
tanco throughout the evening. The
Machinists Ladies Auxiliary moots next
Tuesday, May 7.
TRADES UNIONISTS
BE TRUE TO UNION PRINCIPLES
Buy at Dick's Union Stores for Men
THE WORKER WHO TRADES _4 DICK'S "WINS OUT" BOTH FOR HIMSELF AND HIS FELLOW WORKERS.
AS THE^ARGEST MEN'S STORES IN THE WEST, DICK OFFERS HIM ADVANTAGES AS TO QUALITY AND PRICE
WHICH CAN'T BE EQUALLED FOR GENUINE VALUE ANYWHERE IN CANADA.
THE WORKER WILL ASSIST HIS FELLOW TRADES UNIONIST BY PARTONIZING THESE FULLY-UNIONIZED RETAIL STORES.
Be true to your colors. Be a Unionist when you buy as well as when you're at a union meeting
Here "You get your money's worth or your money back"
Men's Clothing
(mikd
334749 Hastings Street West
Men's Shoes
—the most complete stock carried by any Men's Store in Canada,
—the best value for your money.   If you can buy suits of equal
value for less money elsewhere, Dick will give you back your
' money,
—material that has real quality—suits that are right up-to-date
for style—made on the latest models.
—suits at any price you want to pay—but you get genuine value
at whatever price you can afford.
This department, opened only a few months ago, is already the
leading Men's Shoe Store of Vancouver.
If offers you union-made SHOES—the product of Union factories.
Shoes for every purpose—for the worker, the logger, the prospector, for business, for dress wear.
Our Shoes are priced at figures that are within your reach-
that represent real shoe bargains,   n
10% off to Returned Soldiers on all lines        Four Big Union Stores for Men        Complete Line of Men's Furnishings
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