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The British Columbia Federationist Dec 26, 1919

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'    .$ ■_.
$2.00 PEJ1
The Deportees Could Not
Read or Write
Few More Sharp Clashes
Between Opposing
Pauline Abiaff, Deakoff's young
widowed daughter, was another new
witness in the perjury caso on December 17, though sho bad attended
the court on previous occasions in
company with her sister, Mary Dcakoff, and their mother. Though less
rapid in utterance than her sister,
she could speak English quite intelligently without tho interpreter; sho
also docKned a chair offered to her
at!the magistrate's suggestion. The
interpreter stood beside tho box tor
a time, and then quietly availed himself of the seat witness bad declined.
Witnoss said sho lived at the
Deckoff home, 309 Hustings Btreet;
Qeorge Chekoff had lived with them
near two. years. Zukoff also had lived there sinee her husband died in
October, 1918. She nover know him
as Zuroff. She remembered Chokoff
being sick with the "flu" threo
times. The first timo he was sick
three months; in March he was sick
in bed for two woeks; ho was also
aiek in April and May, nnd couldn 't
go out very much—just a fow blocks.
She and her mother nursed Chekoff;
ahe alao remembered Dr. McAlpine
attending him.
Oould Chekoff read Russian t—No.
Bead any language *—No. I
Write any language!—No.
Counsel: "Why do you say
Witness: "I read and writ* for
him. letters."*
"What language!"
"Can Chekoff speak much Russian*"
"Wouldn't bo possible for him to
speak half an honrf"
"No; he ean't speak five rain
"Sow would Chekoff speak to
yoar mother!"   .. ■
"He woald talk to mo a little bit
(Continued on page 8)
Worken Are Asked to Aid
by Keeping Away from
Strike Area
Aero are rumors current that tbo
atrike at Kimberley is ojt and the
•Id employee! ara returned to work.
This as abaolutely false, the only
break in the ranks is Bobert Woody,
shift boss, and Charlie Bennett,
jJjtMkntitk foreman, theae men can-
Set break Ae strike. Tho minors
Sivo the situation well in hand,
inera are staying away from Kimberloy aad thia is the reason, tho
atrikora are going .to win out. Tho
faet that two men crave for a bosses
job at mucker'a wagos doesn't alter
tke situation.
All workers keep away from Kim
berley and by doing so you art help
ing the minera to win out.
Another gain for organised labor
in the building trades in Lille,
France. The employen agreeing to
pay the rate asked by the employ-
Professors, Teachers and
Students Take Up
A muter dun.—A "bold" or. union
of rovolutioMiy social intellectuals
Jus been inaugurated and the names
of the members of the executive
board have been published..
This union works in conjunction
with eonimunietic teachers* organizations and revolutionary socialist
students' organisations in Holland,
from porsons whw« sons are studying in tho Dutch universities I learn
that many students arc imbued with
bolshevism and that the communistic
propaganda is vory strong,
Two professors in the Amsterdam
university aro known to the Ilideal-
ist bolshoviki" and in the Delft
Technical University communism is
popular. The new union will seek
connections with similar organizations in other countries.
The opposition to  the  organized
, farmers in North Dakota has again
' shown its low caliber by an attack
on the state library commission. Unablo to meet the issues presented by
the farmers, this  opposition finds
many "red'' and ''free love" books
in tho state library.  Tbo mon aud
' nowspapers whose old political machines  aro   supported  in  part   by
protection   afforded   red-light   districts and other forms of vice now
woep publicly about the sanctity of
tho .home. .
Bethlehem, Pa., is to havo decent
government after the first of thc
yoar. Tho labor ticket defeated tho
stoel corporation slate three to onc.
Millmen  and  Engineers
Are Giving Attention
to Amalgamation
At the next meeting of tho
gineers and Mill WorkerB Unit] 3
the Ono Big Union members will! g
asked to vote on tho following qi
1. Bc mombers who aro not w
ing in mills transferring to tho
oral Workers Unit Of the O. B.
2. Be appointment of commit
to draw up ^suitable plan for tre
forring Mill Workers into the Lf
ber Workers Industrial Unit ofl tt
0. B. U.
3. Be proposed changes to Clauso
11 and Olause 13 of the 0. B. U.
constitution, proposed changes as
Clause 11. A member holding of
flee on the general executive board
must at all times maintain his credentials both from bis own local unit
to central council or district board
and from his central couneil or dis*
trict board to tho convention. Should
any local unit withdraw the credential of an executive board member
from the local central council or district board on -which they have delegates (and it is expressly understood by thi.H clause that the local
units have powor so to do) they
shall submit in writing the reasons
for so doing to the central council
or district board. Such affected
council or district board shall in such
ease revoke the credentials as held
by executive board member and
shall at once appoint a new member
to executive board by a majority
vote of the members attending. Tho
executive board membor so chosen
shall act until the next convention.
Clause 13. In case of vacancies
occurring on tho general executive
board between conventions, otherwise thnn provided for in clause 11,
tho vacancy shall be filled by the
central council or district board from
whence the former member came,
electing a substitute member aa provided for in clause 11.
While tho attendance at the last
meeting of this unit was small, the
discussions that took place wero interesting and members of this unit
seem to be entering into tho spirit
of amalgamating the forces of tbe
0. B. U. with more seriousness than
is usually displayed in working class
organizations. Should the members
of the various other units get down
to work, and put a similar amount
of energy and enthusiasm into tho
struggle of bringing into being One
Big Unioa of workers' then is a*
MM M thit tls wgaaiiption
would soon be able to function in
their interests and repay them for
ihe energy they had expended.
. 'All members who can manage to
attend the "next meeting should de
so. Meeting will commence at 7:2C
p.m., December 80, in Boom 302, Labor Templo.
er IBM
Allied Junkers Aided in
Prolonging: War and
lte Horrors
Bending Count Czornin's memoirs
("In the World War"— Oassoli;
one's'memory swoops back to tho
timo of- the treaty of Brest-Litovsk,
From eiery printing pross in "Scotland, except the Socialist press, thore
aroso agonized yells against Britain
Bonding delegates; the victims of
war hysteria on tho Scotsman and
the Glasgow Herald declared that
Brest-Litovsk was a pro-German
dodge, and that tho kaiser and his
Junkers wero seeking to inveigle tho
Entente into 'ia premature peace."
(Tes that was the phrase—"a pre
mature peaee.'')
But now hero is Count .Czcrnin
telling ns of tho desperate anxiety
of the Herman military party, lost'
tho Allies should accept too Bolslic
vik offer to-treaty on a basis of W
annoiation or indemnities, and- so
dish the .German Junkers.out of a
"good!' (i.e., annexation peace.)
And think of tto peace.that has
come to the world) and Ihe dobt, and
the thousands of dead -and diseased
and maimed men, and .the- broken
hearts, because the Entente did not
participate in the peaee conference
of Brest-Litovsk. —, Glasgow fore-
Desire Egyptian Freedom
But Are Given
Hot Lead
Aloiit.iilrift.—At a recent peaceful
meoting held for tho purpose of
demonstrating the desiro of thc
Egyptian people to be freed from
tho foreign yoke of Great Britain,
thirty persona were killed and 143
According io "La Bourse Egyp-
tiennc," tho imperialist newspapers
of Egypt have triod to convey ibo
impression that the incidont was of
no significance und that only four
wore killed and 14 wounded. Continuing, the paper soys:
"It was a veritablo carnage, committed against an unarmed crowd,
which only desired to manifest
peacefully in favor of independence.
"By such means you can, perhaps,
•uiii|ilotely exterminate tho Egyptian
race, but you will never theroby
irag from it consent to the Protectorate."
The Russell Case Will Be
Appealed—Russell Is Liberated
Until Saturday Morning
Justice Metcalfe in Summing Up Delivers Bitter Attack on Accused
—Dramatic Moment When Mr. Cassidy, K. C. Rests His Case
for Defense Because of Inability to Get Evidence Admitted
—Russell Faced Od
lout AnySign of Flinching
WEDNESDAY MORNING at ll A.m. the jury sitting in the dase of R. B. Russell, accused of seditious conspiracy, and six
other charges, returned a verdict of guilty. The^situafcion in Winnipeg on Wednesday afternoon was tense, and steps
were immediately taken to hold a defense meeting that evening, though it was Christmas eve. The outstanding feature
of the concluding moments of the trial was the demeanor of Bob Russell, who in spite of the strain, never flinched. Found
guilty of a crime which he knows that he is not guilty of, he had little to fear as to his fate. Like Gene Debs, he realized' that
his trouble was only a part of the struggle of the working class for freedom.
It was something after 8 p.m. on Tuesday evening when Justice Metcalfe commenced to sum up the evidence presented. He
delivered a bitter attack on the accused, and never once was he favorable Qn points for the defense, except when by statute,
compelled to give him thc benefit of the doubt. His summing up took three hours and a half. He contended that the sympathetic strike, which was for the right of collective bargaining, was. seditious. The following are some of the statements which
Justice Metcalfe, in his summing up, gave utterance to:
Russell was connected with the Socialist Party, which was responsible for distribution of Socialist literature. Referring to
this propaganda, thc judge said:
"I have seen altogether too much of it." ,
Dealing with Wm. Ivens, another of the accused strike leaders, his lordship said that he was the editor of the Westeni Labor
News, and possibly the jury might find that sufficient to show tljkt the propaganda was seditious.
"Speaking to you as a judge," he said, "if I were on a jury there is much in that matter that I would find no difficulty ia
concluding was seditious."
Armstrong, onc of the accused, the judge stated, was, according to the evidence, a soap box orator and a red who, with Russell and others, gained control of the Trades and*Labor Council..
Queen also was. responsible for propaganda distribution at a theatre meeting, and had aided and abetted the strike.
W. A. Pritchard has bcen called one of tbe most active speakers: in the Socialist cause, and had issued propaganda for the
One Big Union. ' ■ «*»'
Johns was another of the reds who had gained control of the Trades and Labor Council, was a delegate to the Calgary convention. /
"As for Robinson," went oa the judge, "like rancid butter in the mouth, whioh leaves a bad taste, is the evidenoe of Robinson,
secretary of the strike committee.
The seven counts on which Russell was found guilty by the jury, are seditious conspiracy. Five overt acts, and committing
a common nuisance. Owing to the holiday season, it was impossible to get despatches through from Winnipeg on Wednesday, and as we had to go to press Wednesday evening owing, ..tfijpile holidays, or publish a day later, it was impossible to get
further-details.   These will be published next week. ''•/ f
The significant feature of the week has beeiv the silence on t% part of the press as to the happenings at the trial, whicb
have been filled with dramatic episodes, and which reached a clmiax when Mr. Cassidy for thc defense, in face of thc inability
to get evideuco admitted, rested the defense on Monday evening,'.ilij}-the address to the jury was commenced. Thc following
dispatches will be interesting reading in face of the verdict of flS^Jury, whihe was composed of nine farmers ,two rural merchants and a city man residing at Norwood. ' i •
Saturday morning, JamcH Win
oing, ex-president of the Trados and
Labor Couneil, gave ovidenco. He
S»ve a taiome of negotiations botwoen employers and employeos
prior to the calling of thc strike of
tho metal and building trades. Ho
explained tho methods adopted before a strike eould bo called, and
said in reply to Mr. McMurray that
the eight accused could not possibly
call or bo responsible for the strike,
that it was purely for the rank and
file to determine what action should
bo taken on all questions, particularly of such an important character.
He mndo tho simple but important
statement as fur as the trial wns
concorned that there was absolutely
no connection between1 the striko and
tho Ono Big Union.
The Bight to Organise
Winning   spoke on  tho   question
its to thc right of Lnbor to organize.
Tho judgo evidently having :i legal
"mind, mquit'od of tUowitJiess if ihcuej»tuiued on behalf of the «rown,tting home  by Christmas.    So  the
Camouflaged Attempt to
Bring Down Wages
in States
Sacramento, Cal.-HDoclnring there
was a shortage of 100,000 farm laborers in the coast states ia 1919
and that the shortage would reach
1,000,000 in 1920, Secretary of Stute
Jorran issuod a statement supporting the plan to introduce Chinese
Coolies for farm labor.
'The.farmers in California, Oro-
gon and Washington cannot obtain
sufficient white Jabor to till their'
lands,".lie said.
Organized labor in the coast states'
is in opposition to the plan of the
California secretary of state, seeing
io it a camouflaged attempt to introduce coolie labor as a means of
disrupting unionism and of forcing
down wages of which workors.
' bt Oarry to Address Club
'Besolved that thero can be no
peaco on «artb and goodwill toward
men under thc present competitive
system," wos the subject of an interesting and well-contested debate
at the regular weekly meeting of tho
Federated Labor , Party Debating.
Club last Saturday evening. The negative brought out somo interesting
points and tried to prove tbat a
man oould have "peace with himself "but in awarding his.decision
the judge stated that he believed
it had been proved that thero could
be no peaee and goodwill in a world
where a person was compelled to
compete and fight his fellow workers in order to maintain himself,
He gave the decision to the affirmative.
The programme for next Saturday
evening has been slightly changed,
Dr. W. J. Curry has been asked to
speak to tho clnb for about half an
hour, after which ten minutes will
be allowed anyone wishing to speak
on tho subject. On account of the
turn tho discussion took last Saturday evening, Dr. Curry will take as
his subject, "Christianity and the
WorkingClass." The T, h, P. Debating Club taeets every Saturday
ovening in thc Labor party rooms,
510 Dominion Building.
Our advertisers support the Fed*
miionlit. It is up to you to tmy
port them.
worker had not the legal rigltt in
organize, to which Winning replied
that the logal, right wai of na use,
for when firms like Swifts and . *|t-
ons heard of their men organiKing,
they used their own economic pres-
s-.ir« by dismissing tho men prominent in forming an organisation.
Tho judge said the explanation was
sufficient, and many others thought
Opposed to Violence
A. J, Andrews, cross-examined. He
took up a great amount of time going into a great many details, such
as calling of tho strike, thc rods,
Ono Big Union, interviews' with tho
Provincial government, permission
cards and anything tho brains of an
"astute lawyer" could conceive of.
At the ond of Winning's cross-ex.-
rimiiifition, a number of extracts
from the striko editions of the Western habfir News woro read, showing
the real causes Of Ufe strike, tho methods adopted to carry it on, the issues involved, and all tbe 'efforts
made by and through the strike committeo to bring about a proper adjustment of all matters in dispute.
Mr.. Bird also read the constitution'
of thc Socialist Party of Canada', to
show that the party was opposed to
violence and bloodshed."
W. D. Buyley was ealled and examined by Mr. Bird. He statod he
had recently been ih Great Britain,
France and Now Zealand. On being
questioned in' rdfgard to' resolutions'
pnBsed at big; mfietlhgif of the wprk.
class organisations' in these countrios, he was stopped by the crown
counfcel, ". the- contCnt'Oir being that
quostions asked Wero irrelevant. The
judge "upheld the'crown's contention. .u
" .'  Robinson Explains
Alderman Ernest Robinson wob>
next coiled. Ha said he wns secretory of tip Trades and Labor Coupl
eii. He wns examined by. $. J. >!«;.
Murray,- whiv took him through tlje
1918. civic strike and lho .sympathetic strike which .followed.    Cumins! j$.:lii
him on tho pftmd for oyer two
^tli. £°>nK through questions that
fc$Ve already beon gone into before.
K.fi'Who ii Paying for It?
' Then thoro camo another of tko
sensational Incidents of the trial.
tyo- defenso called upon tho Hon. A.
T. J. Johnson, at tor hey-general for
the -Province of Manitoba, to testify
iti regard as to who was responsible
and who was paying for tho prosecution. Mr. McMurray first questioned-as to thc witnesses' status in the
Province, was naturally allowed and answered. Tho seeond
question wus, "Did the Provincial
goyvri^m'ent, as representing thc
crown, refiiso to prosecute the ac-
OUsedT" Immediately A. J. And-
i»ji's jumped to his feet, objecting to
such a questipu being asked or being answered. As litis hod bcen tho
fate of ail such important questions,
ho onSWcr was given. Tho next
question asked of tho attorney-general was, "Who is paying for tho
prosecution T" That naturally touch-
Od a Vital spot, particularly for tbo
Orown counsel. The judge again upheld the crown's contention, and tho
question as to who is paying for the
prosecution will be a dark secret until the next session of the Provincial
legislature or the Dominion parliament.
!f'     Most Dramatic Incident
Then happened what might bo described as one of tho most dramatic
incidents in .the annals of the Canadian bar.   Witness.after witnoss for
the defense had been turned down
%y the rulings of llie court, and this
last oitiv wiis-as much as Mr. Cassidy,
K. C", eould endure.   Jumping to his
j jfc$t, he strongly protested against
'ne'judge's ruling, saying thnt   it
..sbeiifed  a   "vigilance   committee''
Jros prosecuting, "meaning the clli-
! Sens'   committee,"   and   not   tho
'iipwji.   turning to the at tor hoy-gen-
.oral,-he thanked, him for his attend-
O'nee, and bade him good-bye, then
njriring to the judge, he said in view
to the ,1919 strike,  Robinson  dealt
with tin1 taking of the strike vot<!.f(F evidence, and ho was going to close
show that overy organization had
the opportunity of voting,-awl every
union bad complete control of ,iti
own orgnnization. Mr. Me Murray
continued the examination of Robin-
son en -Monday morning. , He was
brief, fis.it only meant a repetition
of what previous witnesses had said.
Anyhow, Mr. J. B. Cqyle, K.C, who
altitude,    ho   could not sec
it  wns calling any more
the ease for the defenso immediately, and start addressiug'tho jury on
behalf of the accused. It was then
1$;S0 o'clock, and the judge asked
Mr. Cassidy if he did not wish for
ti%e to consider liis address. Mr.
tytmidy enswerod by saying that he
wj:> prepared to start right away,
IM give the jury a chance of get-
Liberty Bond Campaign
Good Progress in B.C.
Splendid ii the only word that fits the reiponie of the
workers of thii provinoe to the defense of the men on
trial in Winnipeg. The sixteen thousand dollar mark is
now passed, and still a large number of places to hear
from. Tbe committee is desirous of having reports forwarded by loeal bond sellers u often as possible so that
some estimate of the position can be gained. The fact
that $16,000 has already reached the local committee insures the quote being raised; But it is essential that the
committee should have fuller information so that the future aetivities of the committee ean be planned. Everybody boost. There is three **t*t weeks to the close of the
campaign, and British Columbia should go well over the
Labor School Christmas
Concert Will Be a
Big Affair
Last week it was announced that
the mooting*! of the Federated Labor Party would again be hold in
the Columbia Thoatre, but since
then the committee has received an
offer of tho Theatro Boyal (old Pantages) whioh," being a bigger and
bettor theatro, waa accepted.
Therefore, tho Federated Labor
Party meeting next Sunday evening
will be hold in the Theatre Boyal.
Comrade Tom Bichardson, oi-M.l'.
for Whitehaven will bo the speaker. Hrs. J, A. Clarke will occupy
thc chair. Doors open at 7:30, tho
meeting will begin at 8 p.m.
The record attendanco at last Sunday's meeting ot tho labor school
in the O'Brion Hall, augurs well for
the success of tho Christmaa concert to bo given by the school on
Honday, December 29. All the children have drawn slips and will give
oach olher presents, ao with tho
socks provided by the party, the
tree, will be woll loaded on Honday
night. An excellent programme consisting of instrumental, vocal and
other numbers has been' arranged,
and an enjoyable'evening, is assured. An admission, of 25 cents will
be charged adults, the children, A
course, will go froe.
The doings of the F. L. P. Debating Club are reported in anothor column.
Australian Labor Wonld
Uae Ingenuity for Preserving Life
court adjourned at 12:30 and met at
2 o'clock. ;>
aideon at Helm
Hon. Gideon Robertson, Minister
of Utor, walked into the court
ond wa* a most interesting spectator of the proceedings, in fact, he
Eat down at tlie Crown's table
alongside A. T. Sweatman, taking
copious notes and exchanging confidences with bis colleagues of the
prosecution. Punctually at two
o'clock Mr. Cassidy commenced his
address to the jury on behalf of the
accused. He dealt with a number
of historical precedents)' laying particular stress on tho sedition
charges laid against John Burns In
1886. Mr. Cassldy happened to ho
In London at the time of the riots
led by Johu Burns, who carried a
red flag at the bead of the procession. Sedition cases ono after an-
(Continued on page S)
Transport Workera Unit, O. B. TJ. .
Tho next meeting of tho Transport Workers Unit, 0. B. U, will bo
held on Jan. 7th, in thc Old Knox
Church, 152 Cordova Btreet east.
Members aro requested to make
overy effort to attond this meoting,
as matters of great importance aro
to be discussed.
The proposed amalgamation of tho
smaller units will be brought beforc
tbe meeting, and as this it a question which vitally affects the future
welfare of the organization, it is up
to overy member to bc present and
to take part in tho discussion. Don't
forget tho dato, Wednesday, Jan. 7.
Sidaway Elected
In the recent election of the Street
Railwaymen's union, E. S. Cleveland
and J. Sidaway received a tie vote
for the officer of treasurer. Another
vote was taken and the result is as
followa: J. Sidaway, 332; E. S.
Cleveland, 287.
In> London, Eng., there aro no lest
than thirteen labor mayors, among
wtoat it (HOTge Maabuw^wkq; it
now mayor of R>plar, where Labor
hat mado a clean sweep of the municipal couneil. He, in common with
somo others, is discarding tho robes
j and ceremonial progress, only wear
ing the chain of office when necessary.
Japanese Labor Delegate
Tells of Millions
in Slavery
Washington—Tho JupancBo gov
ernment is "an autocracy which is
tho enomy of social justice," declared U. Mnsumoto, labor dologato
from Japan, at thc intornallonoi labor conference. Pointing lo tho Hag
of his country, tho Japanese snid:
"Can you believo it when 1 say
(hat behind that flag there arc severnl millions of toilers unjustly
treated under thc aiitpcraoy whicli
is tho enemy of social jualieet"
Once more pointing |„ (),,. fing he
declared that under it "Ihcre It a
police regulation whoso aim is to interfere with tlio organization of labor." Thc speaker suid tbat (he industrial workers of ,ln|inn nre mostly women nnd children nnd Hint
(heir lives almost approach thui of
Scutllc.—Virgil W. Fritz nnd 0.
A. Ludwlg, publishers of lllo Friday
Harbor Journal, organ of tbe business inlorcsts of (hut district, were
arrested for printing nn editorial nl-
leged to bo nn incitement lo violence. They will have a hearing before Judge Pemberton on January
0, J020. '
Mutt Christer, thc 0. B. I!, organ-
i/3r of Nnnnimo, is riding ns agent
for tho li, C. Federal iouist for tlio
gitliug of subscriptions and renewals in that dislrict.
London.—According to a report
just issued by the war office, Ibo
forces of General Denikine, anti-
bolsheviki leader in southern Russia,
aro being rapidly driven back by
tho bolsheviki army. The report
adds thnt Iho soviet forces nro taking many prisoners aud havo captured a large number of guns and rifles
and large quantities of ammunition.
Hughes Majority Is Cut
Down and Handwriting
Is on the WaU
London.—Tbo Westminster Gazette, Liberal, saya Ihut Premier Hughes
of Australia has not been ablo to
repeat the election coup of the British coalition in December last. According to the latest return*, the Nationalists secured 35 scuts, the Farmers' party 11 and the Labor party
29. Tho Farmers will co-operate
with tbe Nationalists, which gives
Hughe* a working majority, but tho
gains of the fanners have been made
at the expense of a section which
Hughes leads. Labor has six more
Keats than in the lust parliament and
there aro fourteen less pledged supporters of Hughes.
It is u victory, says the Westminster Oazflttd, that trembles on the
verge of a disaster, the more so as
Hughes has, like the Liberals in thc
British coalition government, joined
willi a party to whii'h he wus opposed and to whieh his own personal
following is in a minority. He will
carry on fnr the time being, no
doubt, but the Imndwiitirig is on thc
WouM Brighten the Um
of Mother of
[By Francis Ahem]
It has always been tha boost of
the Australian labor movement that
it doean't follow precedents—but
that it ereatea them. Hence, It ««-
casions no surprise to lad those laying down the policy of labor in Australia, announcing reforms that a j
decado ago wonld have beea characterized as wild dreams. Tho New
South Walos branch of the Australian labor movement has announced
its scheme of protecting female aad
infant life, and tb* safeguarding of
motherhood oa somothing like
Christian lines.
Tho labor party of Australia, opposed as it is to war, argues that, if
the application of man's ingenuity
can be used for the destruction of
lifo, it can—by the same aeiohee—
be usod-for tke purpose'of preserving lifo. It declares that while nations have spent thousands of millions in devising methods of slaughtering thc human raee, nothing north:
sneaking of haa beea done to mitigate the suffering of motherhood
and preserve Invaluable Infant life.
It recognizee that woman risks Ver'
Wo that life may bo fraely givei
in answer to the highest calls of
nature. It wants to brighten ker
days of trial and tribulation with a
new song; her hours of pain and anxiety with comfort and tranquility.
Ia abort, tho Australian Ubor party
wonts to say to every mother ia the
land: "Be not afraid, the young l(fe •
must, and will, live." '.'   '•'
Eealiring that the influence* >f
pre-natal eare and environment apoa
infant and maternity arc imme»s«—
that a child,'wll born, is tho state's
richest dower-tit intends to' cMte:.
a ministry of motherhood, tfnder
this state department the girls—wis.
are to be thd future mothers-will
be takea ia hand and educate* akiig
thoae tinea -whleV tf smiOtX'St,
(Continued oa pagt1!)
Labor Councillors Discard
Ornamental Bauble
in London
The lator councils elected at tho
recent municipal elections in Lin-
doit nro preparing t'» demand the
reinstatement of the metropolitan
policemen who wcro dismissed for
going on strike in August and are
otherwiso taking a strong stand
which is making the aristocratic
mossbnek municipal autocrats tremble. Tho ornameaH and paraphernalia and forms of a past age are
being thrown into the ash pile. One
dispatch says:
"Thc Irbor councils show small
respect fer tho diguilied ceremony
distinguishing the civic bodies of tbe
past. Mayoral and aldermanin
gow "a lind cocked hats have been
nholiyhed as out of looping with tlrn
"Islington councilors ordered tho
remiAi'l of tho place, one mem'ivr
s,iying, 'Take ovny that bauble an J
pawn it'."
Did yon ever try to rustic a sub.t
If not, why not!
Judging by what thc Twin Cities
pnpers said previous to the special
election held in Minneapolis on December il there nre at lenst Iin.:il5
Bolshevists in that city nnd 23,372
good American eilizeni. The (irst
group opposed a little spccinl privilege the trolley compnny wanted to
Big Albert Hall Meeting
Favors Irish Right of
At the great Albort Hull meeting,
Saturday, December ti, a unanimous
demand was made by a largo labnr
audience for the withdrawal of
troops from Irclum), anil in support
of the Irish right of self-iluterminu
tion. All the speukern belonged to
the labor parly, und Coiniiiutider
Kenworthy wns in the chair. His
opinion that the bogey of t'ister wns'
simply a trick to keep workers of
Derry and Belfast from realizing
thoir working conditions and divide
them from tlie rest of Ireland, wns
received wilh clieeis. Ho wns George
l.nnsbury's courageous declaration
that Irelnnd hnd already established a republic of her own. He urged
that Ireland had a splendid chanco
to prove what passive resistance
could do. In thc end she must win,
becauso stunding slill nnd refusing
to movo was lho ono thing that feuv-
eruments did not Uke,
Autocracy Deports Agitators Who Want a
Real Democracy
New York.—Somewhere at sea tho
army transport Buford, informally
christened the "anarchist ark," is
steaming across the Atlantic with
249 alien "reds" on board. Her
destination was.not revealed when
she left port Sunday, hut it was
known the humuu cargo eventually
wns to be landed in Soviet Busoia.
According to immigration authorities, the deportees carried, cash
amounting to nearly .S5U,000. Before the Bulford sailed those who
were not fully supplied with clothing recoived now outllta.
Thc "anarchist ark," according
lo initiations hy federal autoritics,
is only the lirst of several ships
which will carry undesirable aliens
to Itussia.
New York.—Tho American Woollen Co. will establish a "motherhood
insurnnce" which assures every
prospective mother in tho employ
of the cor|iorntion four weoks1 benc-
IH without cost lo her. This announcement may bring joy to uplifters and social workers but it is a
bitter indictment against wage ratos
pnid to. the father and supposed
bread winner.
A Budapest dispatch states that
IS communists woro condemned at
Budapest Saturduy and executed.
Presumably the communists are
among lliusc on trial for partieipu-'
tion in the alleged reign it terror
during thc communist rulo of Hungary under Dictator Bela Kun. atmmme
The Compliments
of the Season
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
Free Delivery
Not a-Seed  KMiKins,  in  bulk,  lit 26c
Fittest Orango Peel,  lb 45c
Finest  Lemon   Peel,   lb 46c
New Sunmaid Raisin*, _ for  SSo
Finest   Currants,   pkt; 26o
New Seeded Raising, 2  fur  86c
Plater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb..S0e
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Haoon, lb.,66e
Slater'a Sliced Strtttky Bacon, lb..00c
Slater'a   Sliced  Boneleaa   Baeon,   per
(TOTS        NUTS
New Brazil Nuts,
per   lb „
New Almond Nuts,
per ]
Now Niggflrtoe Nats,
per lb „........_.
New Walnuts, lb -
_  3Sc
- .„40c
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Roll,  tb  65c
Albert*  Cooking  Eggs,  doi.   86c
Albert*  Freak   Eggs,   dozen .70s
Mo. 1 Alborta Freah Eggs, dozen..76c
Shelled  Almonds,   lb  .76o
Shelled .Walnuts,  lb. .: „...76e ..
Finest   Dried   Peackes,   lb;   ...40c
Finest  Layer  Figs,   lb 45c
Libby's Finest Pineapple, 2 for 46c
All  kinds ol  Spices,   all   flavors   of
Then is mora eatinr In * ham
than  a  turkey.    W a
have    one
thousand    ot    tha    finest    hams,
weighing  froa  0  to
12 lba.,  for
Regular price SOe lb.
Friday thd
Saturday,, special,
PBT lb. .......... 	
Finest Pure Lard, 2 Ibl. for  75c
Finest Compound Lard,  2 lba.  ....86c
Finest Canadian Cheese,  lb 38c ■
No.  1' Steer Rump
Roast, lb „	
No. 1 Steer Sirloin
Roast,  lb 	
No.  1 Steer T-Bona .
Boast, lb. 1 ..........
No.  1  Steer Rolled
K«ut,  lb	
Ne. 1 Steer Pot Rout,
up  from,  lb.
i, 1 Steer Ov
»P fhm, lb.
No.  1  SWer Battock
BoMt,, lb ...
No. 1 Steer Oven Roast,        4 0*
Finest  Sugar  Cured  Rolled Boneless . Hams,   weighing  A   to    7
lbs.;   reg.   «&c   lb.    Friday
Md Saturday, sti.1/*
special, lb - *WaC
We expect to have sugar for everybody on Saterday.
Looal and Ontario  Turkeys,  Ib...86c
Local and Ontario Ducks, lb ote
Finest Beef Fat, Ib _™-.....10«
Finest  Boflltlg  Beef,  lb.  ..,,,...,.:..m
We   have   secured   500   Pork
Shoulders weighing  from  5  tt I
lbs. eaeh, all government inspected;    reg.    85c    lb.    Friday and
S^SSSBSi 26sc
Empress Coffee, lb _ 10c
Awnt DjMh Molaases. large tin ....BBo
AyMe^-Bttlrberry sen: .....^'...ilto
Aptle. RaspbeiTy Jaw-. ;. ..j(j«
Clark'eiTeinMo Ketchup, bott U....26*
HeineTtoraate- KMehup, bettU „„Uc
Heini Tomato  Soup; 8 for .... SOe.
Finest Dairy Butter,
per lb.
Large  Sweet Oranges,
per doien .
Large  Sweet Oranges,
per doien \:....„........
Finest Preserved
Dinger, per lb. _._*.
Nabob Tea,
per lb. ..._-....-_.....™
Slater'a Tea,
per lb.
Blab Ribbon Tea,
per V£J_\	
Slater's Coffee,
per lb.	
Vm cuip'i irwtu 8o»»,
LibW'l  ToBttO'SMp,  lit
Flneot Sugar Cured Buon. by
lh. stab; tee. hie le. friiar
.ei S»tur*.r.     \ ifilp
tn lb. . i „..™a*
aOTIO—Wf d.llvjr nw toola tne   io -Ceath   Tuwim,   Hutlnti
lut Bullnn Towiiiw, Ww H.liku, FaMow, Kluiuu, Polit
Orey, BtMihnwr HelnhU, tn. ai eh.n..
us HAsmros ST. E.
MM MAIN ST. .,..
\ai»-%  . ■■ ■ .
Three Big Stores
..Phona Sey. 3261
—Phone Sey. 836
...Phone Pair. 1633
Clubb & Stewart
ErtaUisM 30 Ton
Our Christinas Offering
Men's Overcoats and Raincoats—New arrivals
of all the new model!, in young men's Overcoats,
Rubberized Raincoats, Trench Coats for men
and women.
—see ora—
Sweater Coats for Men and Women—the best
yet  Boys,' Youths' and Children's Clothing
.and Furnishings—none better.
A. E Timms
Show and Commercial Printer
228-230—14th Ave E.
Vancouver, B. C.
Honest Leather Plus
Honest Workmanship
in a Shoe Assures
Maximum Wear *
You're guaranteed these features in every pair
of Goodwin Shoes you buy. If we offer you
better values in all grades of Men's Shoes it's
because we've made a thorough study of the
leather business.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
"Goodwin's Oood Shott"
'    . ' ' ' ^.B ■■■-I, SSSS——
FBIDAT. .....JDecemfeer 26, 1011
News of the Lumber Workers
Industrial Uikit of the 0. B. U.
15,000 in 1919
50,000 in 1920!
Timbeiland Devalojment Co.—   '
Cassldy Biding
Camp consists of seven bunk
houses for the single men, contain-
ing 8 bunks oach, also seven houses
for tho married men. There is a
first-class dry house, wash house and
bath houso with four shower baths.
It is well supplied with plenty ef
hot water." Each building is about
ten feet apart and has coal .stove
and two lamps to each. The main
drawbacks are the top bunks, and
no blankets, but the company has
promised to furnish these in the near
futuro. Tho board is flrst-clnss.
Minimum wago of *5 is pnid all thc
day workers. Closed car in use to
take the men to and from work and
is furnishod with a coal stove.
Headquarters, Oomox Logging Os.
—Camp 1
Catap closing down until after tho
holidays oxcept for few section men
and, the .married men; tho lottor of
whom will be employed clearing the,
site for a; new and moro .iip-tOrdfttW
camp. We hjive a hew. bati. hous'dj
.fully ,e<luippbil with wash tubs and
dry room and are informed .that thc
electric lights are to be installed
throughout the.' (Samp. . At' pfopent
there aro only two new bunk houses
but neyr. skids have already boen
loaded on the car's, for the remainder,
so there is every indication that the
company iRtcnd to improve the conditions in accordance with the requirements. The old bunk houses
were remodelled .in accordance with
the sanitary inspector Is instructions
and are being used until the new
ones .are completed. The. company
is slow in making the improvements
but the men aro solid in seeing that
their requirements are livod up to,
'   StUlwaUr-B. S. k 0. Camp 1
Foreman promises that as Boon na
possible they will build a hall for
a billiard tablo, barber. shop and
meeting hall. They now have a fiction library.
Drury Inlet—N. P. Legging Oo.
This U as good a camp aa there
is en the Sound and getting bettor.
The employor has undertaken I to
eome through by tha first of the year
with everything to make it a first-
class camp. If they get a' decent
foreman who upholds the union principles it will mako it much better
thnn it was when J. Balfour was
foreman for, although he" carried a
union card, he did more kicking
about union rules thu i.uy oae else.
How th* Boya Stayed by a Fellow
Union Man
A foreman iat a camp at Waldo
took a cook out to his cntnp to take
the place of a union cook,~who .has
the reputation, of being; an A-l cook
and the .fellow workora -called a
meeting and .put it to the members
incam'p.^^fKe'moti'on was put, "that
King 01, Julaa Carsrug tl, Nels
Wicklund *9, O. Swan tl, San Anderson tl, Albert Nelson tt, Chas.
Brickstrom fi. Total *43.50.
One* Harbor—Scale of Wagea in
Board, tl0.40 por week; blankets
Bull cook .._
Bailroad men .
Steel gang .
Bailroad bosa .
.... 5.25
_ 6.25
_ 6.50
High rigger, one side 	
High rigger, two or more sidea 10.00
Hook tender  9.00
Rigging sliogcr   8,00
Choker men   7.00
Whistle punk  6.00
Suckers    $6.50 to 7.00
Head Faller  7.50 to 8.00
Second faller  7.00 to 7.B0
Enginoers, ynrder and swing - 8.00
Engineer Skidder   9.00
Chaser   7.00
Head loader "...  8.00
Second loader  r. - 7.00
WANTED—Address of Samuel
Clements who worked at Port Neville, last year. .
Contributions to Winnipeg Defense Fund
Alberta—Venice, MeArthur's
Oamp 5
Conditions rotten. Bunk housos
are over-crowded, poorly ventilated
and never washed. The kitchen is
used for sleeping, meat house, store
house and dining Toom combined.
The water, is not fit to drink as it
is taken from a stagnant lake and
tastes of rotten vegetation and scop-
age from the camp comes into the
luce. The bunks are muzzle loaders
and made of poles, with hay. for'
mattresses. No blankets, no wash
house, dry rack or bath house. Toilet accommodation poor, within a
few yards of the, living buildings.
Utensils of enamolware, only three
tables for 150 men.
Fort Alberni—Lain's Oamp S
The health inspector should call at
lighted or ventilated. Floors are not
tight, which means the building cannot be properly heated, no plaoe to
wash clothes except in bunk house,
and ho dry room. Contractor is all
the time trying to get one man tp
do two men's work. He frequently
hires a man to sling rigging and
when he geta Mm on the job tries
to get him to attend tho chokers as
the union cook stay of the crew walk
down the long, lono trail to keep
him eompany." It was carried by
all the men, union and non-union,
the result is tho 'cook is. still cooking the good things for the boys and
tho union got seventeen new members. Theso. are the littlo... things
that help an organization. The cook,
that was taken out was a Mr'Grcen
Who had been cooking at the Kimberloy mines, and when the: miners
wont out Mr. Green stayed.on .and
cooked fpr tho officials at the mines.
He is not a union man, but .has had
lots of timo whilo cooking at the
mines to have thrown in ..his tot
with his fellow workers. Ho. statos
that ho .had permission from the
Kimberley strike committe^to stay
ond cook. If. so, why didiA,tj,Miat
strike committee protect hij ,nimc,
and what benefit waa it to the ghion
—his staying on the jobt TfiOfie arc
questions that -the lumber wqfkors
want to know (for the woi£eri in
this district) do not want 4ft m injustice to anyone. If Mr. Green has
boen working in good faith, it is up
to tho Kimberley miners,'.^,.mako
the statemont and publish sajtQt [The
boys certainly did what tt^f.jUaien
men should do—stipk by .kjulow
who was doing the square thingiwith
employer and the employees*! that
company. '^_
-fiuta  .:
Gwenway Sound—A. I. Wl
Oamp 8       .it j i
This outfit waa recontly Matt Sut
Edmonton, Alta.—Northwest Timber
The first O. B. V. striko in the
province was called by the loggers
against the lumber barons of Alberta. The men revolted against the
conditions that they were forcod to
livo undor in the camp and also
against a reduction in wagos from
.65 to $60 a month. Also against
having to drink water out of a stag-
nant lake where two pigs were
drowned during the week. The manager absolutely refused to doal with
the workora and ordered 130 of them
out of camp'. They had to camp out
over night in weather 4 degrees below aero until thoy could got a train
to town. When they arrived ln the
city they proceeded to the O. B. TJ.
Hall and there a meeting was hold
and it would have done some of tho
old timers good to see the way thete
men went at it. A committee waa
elected to interview the company;
telegrams were sent to workers ii
other cities informing them of the
strike, evory one of the strikors
served on the picket committee,
meeting trains and looking after tho
employment offices. The committoe
that was aent to see the manager
consisted Of six strikers, five of
whom wcro returned soldiors. The
managor promised to look into tht
trouble and later phoned and informed the socrotary that he would have
no dealings with tho organization.
On tho second dny, howevor, he appeared at tho offlce and an agreemont waa arrived nt satisfactorily to
the men, embodying all tho original
demands and othors covorlng further protection against discrimination; and improved conditions.
The conditions in the logging
camps in thiB part of the country
nro bad. No attontion has been given to thn health act. Bunk houses
are 24x48 and hold from 65 to 75
mon ln each house. Bunks are doublo nnd doublo-deckors and somo
muzzlo loadors. No wash house,
laundry or bath In this part of tho
country. One outfit, Bhevlin k Clark,
is putting in springs and mattresses
in some of their, camps, but the
bunks ara double deckers, Tho
length of tho working day is from
six in tho morning to six nt night
with just time onough to oat and
then back to work again, and would
work longor if tho daylight hold out.
Tho wages at present nt tGO.OO per
month, and board for twenty-six
days, but if you are laid Off on account of rain thon no wages paid,
so }o\- arc hired by tho month but
paid by tho day.
• Tn ono camp a mon was fired bo-
cause ho insisted on getting a littlo
hay for his bunk. Ono thing Hint
liamperB organization in somo camps
at prosont. is that the men are living in tents whilst they arc building
camps, and thc foreman or somo
othor profit-producers aro nlways
around with the men in tho evening
and tho majority of the men nre
broke at present,   OBGANIZEE.
nel. So far no logs have reached the
wator and we do not begin yarding
until aftor the first of tho year. The
camps have been looked over and
are now being improved upon,. all
single beds, nnd tho food is aa good
as can be found in any camp. Company intends to build bath houses
and dry houso as soon as,possible.
Only sixteen mon in tho. camp of
whom fourteen belong to the union;
the othors have agreed to tine up,
which makes us 100 por cent. Have
elected delegato and camp commit-
Hardwick Ialand—Bendlckson'a
Meeting waa hold in camp, on November 25. It was moved "that
each member pay one day's wagee
to the Winnipeg Defense Fund."
There were sixteen votes for and
twelve against. An amendment,
"that members subscribe, voluntarily, according to thoir means," was
defeated. It waa understood by all
mombors that if any one, for. obvious reasons, could not give ono
day's pay they should then givo .according to their means and judgment. Mombers came through splendidly, tl80 being collected and sent
in ts the fund.
Bator Island
Begular meeting waa held on Decembor 14. The committee roported
one man having been reinstated.
Some unfinished business was ordorod to be left for further action un-
til the camp was running with a
full crew. The delogate and camp
committoe wore instructed to require
all now mon coming into camp to
state, within two days of their arrival, whether they wore willing to
join the organization or not.
Sudbury, Ontario
A membor haa just eome in from
camp where he wat fired for failing
asked for a spoon.at the tali,o» He
was hired by the month bift iaid
off by tho hour. He worked fos 97
hours in Octobor and 43 hobd in
November, all ho had coming to him
at the time he was fired wasit^.29,
mado up as follows: .as
Oct. 97 hours at t 95 month..':it84.13
No. 43 hours at   105 month..:. If 06
Transportation ....-
Hospital fee, Oct. and Nov :> ■ £.00
Van Goods „    \.S0
Board  _i. lj.85
Balance being wages due
Tho mattor Is being placod in 'the
hands of tho lawyer.
From membors oi Camp A, So
cholt, as follows:
G. Johnson $2, F. Storr J3, B.
Fraser tl, J. Fraser tl, J. Bern *2,
T. Martin t2, A. Beer t3, P. Anderson t2, J; Boxborough $2, E. Bajada
$2, T. Toloaon .2, _. Giglis .2, G.
Bioco tl, H. Larsen $3, C. Gaydon
$3.   .
From Mainland Cedar Company,
Port Nevillo, aa follows: No list,
From McD. k li. Camp, Campbell
Biver, as follows:
Joe Soankfara tl, N. Gerdi *2
Jos. Pclon tl, C. W. Kukoski $5, E.
McCabe ti, F. Herbert t)2, D. O'Kel
ly .2, P. Lingren $5, W. Sakorson
tS, Geo. Bullen $5, Thos. Connors
♦3, W. F. Millor t5, Colin Campbell
t5, H. M: Hanson $5, Iur Foli $5,
A. E. Pearson $3, A. Graham $2, S.
D. Stewart .2, Bobert Caldwell $5,
Uto Loire t5, E. A. Sweeten t2, H.
Kvalnes t2, David Stuart *2, W.
Sombosin tl, Chas. Smith t2, Thos.
Hoblnet 02, J. L. Ford *2, G. Larson
tS, Oscar Olson tl, Geo. Johnson .5,
M,. Ivenson $2, M. MacDonald $2,
O. J. Letty tS, Mike Willis .5, F.
A. Murphy .5, J, Jordan 01, Wm.
McDonald t.50, Louis Moio 05, John
Mnttson $5, C. W. Mott tlO, H.
Wessberg $5, Gus A. Johnson $5,
Pete Galte $5, J. Mason tS, J, H.
Poole tS, Nik Sehjch t3, Oscar Olson $5, Albert Smith t5, John Boat-,
man tS, Bon Larson 05, C.. Mcland
tS, J. O'Moara t5, B. Amat *5, Birt
Johnson .5, K Jorgensen-tS, Frank
Erickson .5, Charles Werner 05, Jas.
Walsh t5, T. Virch .3, E. pavies AS.
From P. B. Anderson's Camp,
Knox Boy, as follows:
B. Border t5.50, C. Berg t2, M.
Bonsko *2, N. Cunio $2, K. Villing
t2, J. Vattlnlis *2, G. Ingdal $2 M.
Larson *2, H. Patterson $2, W. S.
Green .2, A. Walton *2, H. E. Bogus
tS, H. Duff *2,'.T. Dickie $2, M. Tre-
sock .2, W. Benz .2, D. Stevenson
tS, I. McDonald tS, T. Garee IS,
A. C. Holgate t2, L. Charbonano *2,
B, Charbonane t2, B, Johnstone 11.
Ed Leslie »2, S. Antonean t2,i F.
Martin tl.50, M. Stokke ft, H. Madison tl, A. B. Stokke tl, H. Taylor
.2, H. Wheeler tS, W. Creamer tS,
F. Larson $5, H. Backland .2, A.
Encll ti, E. Pearson tS, T. Bosen-
ski $2, W. Smith $2, E. Goodin t2,
A. Sandgnist .10, A. Hagg .2, A,
Swanson $2, E. Ketola *2, M, Astuna
*2, J. Frcars *2, J. Englist $5, J.
E. Anderson tt, Geo. Stone ti, F.
RuziO .2, G. Smith »2, H. Hiskin $2,
W. Buger ti, 3. Cameron tl, F. Edwards tl, A. Grant t2, O. Anderson
tS, ID. Matheson $5, J. Gleason tlO,
J. Wucluk $5, J. Wktowove t5, V.
Carlstrand t5, F. Matson $5, A. McBeth tS, A. Knut tS, C. Calls tS,
— Hanle tt, L. Sandstrom tS, A.
Johnson tS, J. Matty tS, L. Dan-
chok tS, S. Olsen .2, 0. Jackson tS,
W. Shann $2, L. Larson .2, O. Collins t2, C. Goldberg .2, W. Wincra-
ruck tl, A McDonald .5, T. Brown
tl, A. Bourke'tl.
From United Log Company, Harriot Bay, as follows:
Jack Arnqnist *5, Eli Tibftff t5,
Herman Erickson tfi.25„ Alf Lyons
t5, I*. J. Johnson .5.50, L. M. Jar-
vis, tS, B. Olsen .5, T. Boberts t6,
J, B. Alexander tS, J. Ambitch tS,
8. Benton .5, Fred Peterson t6, Boss
Lyons .5, Gust Nelson (6.50, John
Higgins td, O. Machun tS, Louis
Bonkua t5, .Ole Winoss .10.00, Alva
Snider *5, Niel Brunsell tS, M. H.
Lnsier .2, S, Hanson tS, A. Mc-
Clcod tS, Gust Quarnttrom .5, B.
Sumberg tS, A. Hcshlik tS, A. W.
Blakoly 15. C. Beck tS, H, Collins
tS, G. Erickson .6.50, J. A. Nelson
Contributions to Wlnnipog Defense
Fund, November 10, 1019
Members at Kelly Camp, Deep
Cove, as follows:
(Harry O. Tuplln .4, J. Martin tl,
8. McDonald tl, A. Sundborg tl, >T.
Durrant tl, J. A. MeDougall .5, J.
Tulloch tS, B. Stone tl, A. C. Kinney tl, W. J. WcLcod tl, O. Mark
tl, Louis Eklund tS. Chas. Moron
.1, E.' Johnson tl, H. Hunstad t2,
John J. Furlong tl, H. Saunders tl,
,T. A. Fillver tS, S. Hanson tl, V.
Wonstrom tl, Frank Jackson tl, L,
Lund tl, A. Berg *2.50, J. Johnson
tl, T. Dorey tl, E, Bergstrom tl, J.
L. Hillstrom tl.50, G, Johnson tl,
F. Carlson t2, A. Tarron tl, Thomas
Olson tl, F. Johnson tl, H. H.
Tynnl .1, Chas, Adamson #2.
Mombors at KSngcomo Biver, at
H. Henderson t6. F. Johnson .5, J.
A, McDonald t5, Robert Gibfeon tl,
W. J. Blundoll tS, J. Whipple tS,
Box Butlorff-tlO, J. B. Davidson tB,
P. A. Ekenborg t3, J. A. Douglass
tS, J. Kennedy tS, J. Lavine tS, J.
Fellow Workor Swanson, who has
a claim in tho court against Mitchell
Albert, ploase send address to Headquarters, Vancouver, at onco,
Subscription list from Johnson's
camp, Ynhk, B. C, to tho Chose
strike fund, as follows:
Carl NelHon tl, G. II. Faubcrt tl,
Paul Poluka t.50, E. Turner *2, S.
Thompson *2, M. Carlson t2, Sam
Clausen t2, J. Cornelius't2, Gus LH-
gn t2, Sam Stanfanko t2, E. .Jolin-
non $2, L. 0. Berg t2, S. Solcn'tl,
Tom Evyon tl, No's Johnson t2, Oscar Olson t2, Ed. Henry tl, Johnson tl, A. Bergstrom t2, John Cor.
lie t2, John Erickson   tl,   B.   G,
"Johnson $5, J. Larson tS, Alf Andor
son .10, Frank Freoborg $3, B. Kol-
day t5, M. Mockloson $6, Frank
Anderson tl, Peter Paul $5, John
Paion Oi, Fred Swedborg $5, Bobert
Jackson t2, C. Pellan $2.60, E. Ma-
caigno .2.50, G. Bobinson $5, Frod
Swenson .5, A. Scott t5, H. Gagne
$5, Ben Sccloy $10, Ernest Andorson
$5, W. Scott $5, Eric Greon $3, Ed.
Kightlinger $5, John Hallo to, "P.
O 'Bricn $5, Frank Johnston $2,
Members at Myrtle Point, Camp 4,
as follows:
H, M. Hanson $10, Jack Hill $25,
J. Drshobyrki $5, ID. Sedwriko $5,
J. Eklund tS, E. Sorenson $5, J. Sa-
luk t5, A. Finberg $5, C. Lindor $5,
D. Johnson $5, E. N. Backman $2.50,
M. Sundill $2, N. Matson $2,0. Hult-
m'or $2.50, W. E. Tollsou $3, W. Hon-
lon $3, Axlo Arickson $5, J, Andorson $15, M. Brando $3, A. MeArthur
$5, P. T. Kerkness $5.
Membera at Bainbridge, as follows:
Joe Minachcr $5.50, D. Brussa $5,
H. Lund tS, Thos. Springer $5, S.
Anderson $5, J. S. Johnson $5, S.
Stonovlch $5, D. Chomnek $5, B. H.
Hagenbuck $5, F. Coles $5, A. Wask-
osky $5, J. Kopp $5, A. Larson $5,
F. Marson $3, J, Hornik $3, G.
Grocnard $3, F. Tallman $8.50, J.
Baldwin $2, 0. McKinnel $2, A,
Hamloy $2, E. Kinnunen $2.
Members at Dollar Camp, Union
Bay, as follows:
Albert Doney $5, Norinan Miller
t5, John Airo $8, Alex Hiringaon
$5, Bobert Larson' to, N; Peterson
$5, A. Turen t5, J. Davis $5, Phil
flallash $10, Jack McGco $5, F. S.
Graham $5, Martin Nelson $5, J.
Reid $3, J. Bird $5, W. Joyce $3,
Geo. Williams $2.50, J. E. Erickson
t3, E. Middliton t3.50 C. Osborne
tS, E. Ottogall $3.50, Hugh Mader
U, J. Edlund $8, V. Quarnstran $3,
R. Hepburn $3, 0. Ketola $3, P. Hor.
obot $5, F. Frando $2, J. Barile $3,
Poto Branbt $5, Olaf Larson $5, J.
Stoland $5, A. McQuickon $2, Jay
Hiles $5, Ed Nelson $5, Pit Burdck
$5. 8. Jackson $5, C. Potro $5, H,
Mikoli $5, E. Potto $4, K. Gerlid
$5, Alex'Clam $5, P. J. Dohony $3,
H, McSwain $5, Albert Bundguist .3,
E. Frodorkson t2, A. Larson $5,
Charlie Twedio $2.
Mombers at Bendiokson's Camp,
Hardwick Island, as follows:
Ole Notvik $6, O. Johnson $6, P.
Johnson tS, 0. Halvarson t8, Ole
Dahl t6, John Nikolson $5, Gottfrid
Sundborg t6, Victor Andorson ♦5.50,
Karl Sorenson td, Andrew Hall
$5.75, W. L. Larsson $5. John Mark-
son $0, Carl Kosnck tS, L. A. Larson tS, Lars Lovik *3. J, Sampson
tS, G, Gilbcrtson t5, W. Fethus t2,
Bobert Tyndal t3, John Boivin .5,
Adron Erickson $9, Carl Aurdnl to,
Chas O'Brien tS, E. E. Hill t6, Oscar
Lind $B, C. 0. LoB»r $5, 0. V. Carlson $6.50, Tritiof Granstrom $6.50,
Emil Fetteson t5.75, Tom Johnson
$6, Louis Orovstad t8, Peter Lind
gron tS,
Members at Simoon Sound, as fol
J,''McLean $10, D, Beaton $5, A.
W. Mclntyre .5, Dan McCnuloy $4,
V. Coslk tl.
Members at Jackson Bay, as follows:
N. Hansen $2, 0. Alrhort $2, E,
Vermursh t2, A. Nyberg ti, J. Doy-
al $2, A Nelson .2, E. Nyborg t2,
A. Bmstad $2, E. Ekmau $2, A.
Cobns $2, K. Pippo t2, G. Johnson
Only four
more days
—ud much of onr Fall itock it jtt on onr ___
In the few remaining days of 1919 this must' all ba
cleared to make room for extensive spring shipments—
at prices that will surprise you. Our complete stock
must go with the last breath of 1919,
will be a revelation to the ladies of Vancouver.    Our
lines of dainty dresses, stylish coats  and fashionable
suits will be offered at
Near OranrUla
tS, G. Haley $2, M. A. McLeod $3,
D. Layloy tS, P. Sharp $2, B. Eeld
$2, A. Matthews t2, P. Flanigan tS,
0. Vander tS, F. Dnlbon t2, P. Burg
tS, A. Whitehead tS, 8. Syursen $3,
A. Tompkins $2, D. Evans $S, J,
Pcloquin $2, J, Todd $8.50, M. L.
Kerby t3, J. Mcars t3. A. Cradwlck
$2, W. Oliver .3, 8. E. Gibson $2,
Wm. Johnstone $2, F. Hathorn $2,
Ira Harrington $2, 0. McPhail $2.50,
M. Nickolson $2, J. Lidchauche
$2.50, B. Pctterson $2, P, Gray $1,
D. Bowling $2, A. Norman $2, F.
Hoiligonborg tl.
Members at Boom Camf, Jackson
Bay, as follows:
W. Convott tS, G. Sinadloy $B, F.
Maynard $5, A. J. MoDonald $5, W.
Manrs $5, J, Doluck $5, T, O'Brien
$5, It. C- Bertram $5, B. McMillian
$5, T. Harris $6, A! Kenwood tS.
Mombers at Camp 3, Headquarters,
as follows:
B. Hanson $2.50, A. Schulty $4 W,
Harris, t3, Fred Shavoy tl, A. Griove
tl, Frank McGregor t2, Martin McLaughlin $8, W, Nixon tl, E. Carlson tl, A. Janson $1, L, Albaln tl,
P. Maynock tl, H. Killcroth .1,50,
1. Houlo tS, B. A. Norris t3, A. B.
Lon tl, I. James $2, G. Harris tl,
H. Sutherland t2, A. Vlan tS, Jamos
Simon $2, P. Swanson $2, I, Anderson $S 8. H.   Willoughby  tl,   W
Chapman $.50, J. McLaughlin $2, D.
Leahy $2, 0* Pearson $1, G. Nason
$1, A.  Maurice fl   A. Breslin $2,
F. Prysmy'k $3,1. Musk $2, O.'Berg-
enstock $1, W. S. Gnrdnor $1, T.
Baker tl, Levi Thomas $2, Ivor
Sjurspn $1, John Lado $1, F. Pur-
oner $1, M. Puraner tl, B. Watts
$4, B. E. Anwyl $5, T. I. Foran $4,
N. Dzrohow $3, I. Granito $1, 8.
Langer $1, A. Shogron $1, V. Johnson $1, Gus Sandcll $1, A. Anderson
$3, John Kesley $.50, A. Ormachca
$1, N. Cupoff $2, M. Basicff $1.45,
G. Salfi $1, I. Hylan $2, C. Bwann
$2, T. Johnson $1, P. Hansen $1, H.
E. Stevens $1, Jacob Harry $1, Miko
Boich $1.
Membors at W. k B. Camp 1, Ho-
riot Bay, as follows:
A. B. Freeman $5.50, L. Mokryj
$4,50, T. Cull™ $5.50, A. B. Banning
$7.35, John Cassey $5.50, H, Ferny-
hough $6, I. Lamathc $7.50, J. Nelson 7.50, M. Kochman $5.50, W.
Plumb $5.50, A. Ostcrborg $7.50, C.
Hutton $7.35 B. Munro $6, E. Mun-
day $7.50, N. Boss $7.50, B. Kirk-
Patrick $7.50, W. MuntUsr $6, J.
Johnson $7.50, A. Olson $7.50,- A.
Johnson $7.50, G. Pritchard $6, J.
Gregson $7.50, M. Krall $7.50, J.
Konsorid .5.50, F. Carlo W, A. M$s
cly $4.75, F. Williams $6, W. Bichardson $5.50, W. Magurn $4.75, _.
Tolta tO.SO, A. Jungstrom t7.60, F.
Hopping t0.25, G. Palmer t7.50, F.
Hawryluk t4.50, C. A. Carbon #7.80,
E. Bonnet $5.75, E. Johnson to, J.
Garrastaza $3.35, V. Finholm $8, A.
Chaneay $3.35, J. McGco $3.35, T.
Heriot $5,75, T. Anzpovba $4.75, C.
Dove $4.75, T. Perry $4.75, D. Todo-
siuk $5.50, G. Peterson $5, W. Zach-
ery t7.50. ^
Memberi at Drury Inlet, aa follows:
Grant Alnger $5, J, Mahoney $1,
Carl Swanson $5, M. McLeod tl, T.
Olson tS, A, Wibu t2, J. Kaymcs tl,
J. Mlddlemass tl, F. Walters $1, W.
Penn tS, B. Specs tl, G. Nelson $1,
B. Bell tl.
Members at Camp S, Ladysmith,
as follows:
T. Wobb $2.65, Herman Carlson t2,
K, Haapala $2, Wm. Johnson tS, A.
Morksen tl, J, Londross $2, W. J.
Dune $2, Barsamonapa $2, A. Tansor
$1.50, E. Jorkson $1, A. T. Altor
$1.50, B. J. Oarmas $.50, E. McCallum $.50, B. Sherbln $.50, A. Chisoln
$1.50, J. Jana $2, Antio $2.50, Gic-
eolo tl, Grossy $.50, J, Sat $1, Lee
Bow $1, Chu Tong, $.50, Cachay $.50,
Ostrovitch $2, Stargraak $1.50, Nil-
mi $1, Cloko $1, J. Storr $1.50, a
Larson $2.50, D, M. Fraser $2,80,
Gus Johnson $1.50, A. Nelson tl,
Timothy tl.50, E. CloVa tl, B. Pollock tl, H. Davit tl, S. Sevcrson
tl.50, T. Hardy $2, Jack McLean tS,
Mosege $1.50, Salo tl, Gollan $1, W.
A. Johnson $1, C. Bussell $1, B, Car-
michael $1, Myatt Lako $1, Thomaa
Beilly tl, ID. G. Williams tl.25.
Members at Dahl k Falk, Village
Bay, as follows:
AU contributions of $5 each—P.
Griron, E. Lnthrop, W. N. Lathrop,
A. Erickson, E. Swanson, C. Laurln,
D. Beaton, E. Minons, B. Pohl, 0.
Brennan, A. Molrose, J, Fuhrer, B.
McMillan, P. Wynnick, J. S. Fish-
back, E. Morton, G, Olson, H. Christ,
eon, J. Hodburg, E. Williams, M.
Morrison, B. Campbell, A. Olsen, E.
L. Hornbroek, C, Mathews, J. Lus-
wlck, J. Buger, W. A. Senoy, H.
Joyce, 8. Nolson, J. Lugan, W. E.
Jones, E. Unwln, B. Sccar, F. Wool-
sey, 0. Fulching, H. Dodsworth, E. A.
ilnrphy, J. H. Bussel, T. McKenna.
Members of Camp 6, Port Alice,
as follows:
M. Mcpherson $5, W. H. Watson,
G. A. Coulter $3; 8. DoigtS, D. Fulk-
erson tS, D, McNaughton t2, D.
Mays tS, F. Hulllngton $2, B. J.
Hunt $2, A. Sargent $2, A. Bold $2,'
J. Mauretz $2, M, Mikln $2, J. Lc-
brask $2, N. McKenzie $2, D, Jameson $2, M. Bnrson $2, M. Larson $2,
A. Johnson $2, S. Orr $2, J. Sechko
tl, C. F. Owen tl, A. J. Bollins tl.
D. Prater tl, H. Blakcly tl, M.
Moncrciffe $1.
(To bd continued)
Tha British labor party plans to
have a candidato in opposition to
Premier Lloyd Georgo at tho novt
election in Cameroon, Walos, i
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Kamloops, B. 0 A. HoEenxit Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0. Andrew Dickie Box 8
NeUon, B. 0 R. Barrow General Delivery
Princeton, B. 0 R. S. Baxter ........Box B
Fringe Oeorge, B.0...F. Knowles Drawer 20
Frince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ...Box 833 ^
Victoria, B. C J. Stevenson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333—101«t St.
Prince Albert, Sask...W. Cowan 108—8th St. E,
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont R. Lockhead 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont J. M.'Clarke ..Box 390
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maty good your advantago ol
living in British Columbia, by
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We cany a fall Uaa of Ladles' Oaawnta oa eaay payments.
DECEMBER 26,1919
The Birth ofi Sin
Agea ago, many long geologic agos,f
but only yesterday in tbe history of
the Cosmos, whon our earth was
weltering in a molten state and over
it tho flery vapors swirled and sway-
od in seeming chaos, billions of
miles away a little planet was
swinging in its undeviating course
around its parent sun; it had once
been taolten also but long ages had
rolled away since then and its surface had cooled into,a hard crust
and the great hollows wore filled
with water and over all a deep envelop of sweet, sun-warmed air moved incessantly. Bains distilled from
the great oceans fell at frequent intervals upon the surface and rushing
back to their mother's bosom carved
out for themselves evor deepening
channels, and tho air was filled with
their music that rose in liquid murmurs in that gladsome journey home;
and tho hard surface had crumbled
into soils and nature had covered up
its nakedness with a soft, rich man*
tie of greenery of a myriad forms
and countless shades and from the- clofed *_* landfl of **"> *«* ow»ors
A conundrum
—Do we live to eat or eat to live?
Whichever way yeu tolve it—yon ean't get along without good
teeth.. Tou need them for health—for comfort—for appearance.
The oily ture way to have good teeth is to keep in touch with
a dentist—to consult him just as soon aa defects appear.
We an at you service—reel free to consult us.
Drs. Brett Anderson and   .
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay, Orown and Bridge Specialists
Wt HASTINOS ST.—Corner Seymonr
rmh OM Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Planta
Ornamental and Shads Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
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Seymour 918-673 Seymour 9513
The Compliments of the
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Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
36S Days in the Year
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made baker 'a bread cheaper and better than home made,
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mystery of mysteries, tho lifo cell
of the seething tnudB, had developed
through many uncouth forms tho
man-animal, self-conscious and erect.
In a broad valley of this well-favored littlo planot lived a raco of
man-animals. For long centuries had
they inhabited that valley and had
made some progress in the science
of agriculture and in the manufacture of tho simple tools and weapons
necessary to support themselves and
assure for all a certain amount of
All, except the old and feeble, had
Bome task to perform and tho products of thoir labors were stored in
a largo building made of stones fastened together by a kind of calcareous clay and roofed in by ingeniously plaited and twisted straw.
The hunters brought their game
and their skins, tho workers their
tools, weapons and rough earthenware, their grain and their fruits
and piled, them in their places in
the building. All had access to It and
al! took freely without supervision
for nono took niore than was needed
for tho demon greed had not as yet
tainted the simple nobility of the
man-animal and converted him Into
tho complex and contemptible brute
ho was destined in the courso of
timo to become.
Lying and thieving, hatred and
envy( guile and malice wore unknown
becnuse tho conditions under which
they lived had not bred and fostered
thciu in thftr nature.
Pain they knew only as the result
of accidont or mischance and sorrow
had not fallen upon thorn, for death
to them was a mere passing on to
a finer and still happier hunting-
ground and was moro a thing to bo
desired thdh mourned. Their dead
were buried with great acclamations
of rejoicing and thus their simple
faith knew no contradiction of griof
or regret.
Thoy knew no cares in tho present or futuro, regarding tho supply
of necessities; no uncertainty, and
their labors occupied but a small portion of their day.
Their mother-earth yielded a hundredfold to her children in return
for thcir primitivo efforts and from
morning to night tho great valley
was resonant with tho laughter of
men, free and unfettered as thc
breezes that passed in tho tree-tops
or whispered among the edges of tho
streams. From hearts that knew
neither guile nor strugglo for existence, that laughter welled and burst
from their lips ih ringing peals, joyous and contagious like the laughter
of children and the hills and woods
repeated tho music in lingering
echoes, as if loath to loso tho living
joy of it.
But in the brooding brain of a
man-animal a thought had been
writhing,, squirming, developing—a
thought direct from the master mind
of evil that was destined to silence
for long ages that spirit of laughter
and drench tho land with bitter
One fair morning in the timo of
harvest the flrst relays of thc man.
animals on arriving at tho scene of
thcir labors, a large stretch of rich
alluvial deposit, found four great
piles of stones had been erected,
marking out a huge rectangular piece
of land on which thc yellow grain
was richest and ripost and ready for
tho reaping.
As tbey stood gazing liko surprised children at the strange heaps,
from a small copso nearby, emerged
a band of men headed by a witch*
doctor, closely followed by a huge
man-animal who towered a head and
shoulders abovo his fellows. All,
with the exception of tho witch-doctor were armed with hugo clubs.
The workers received them with
joyous shouts and peals of laughter.
Then the witch-doctor, issuing a
few sharp commands, sont tho workers running in all directions, but in
a short timo they began to return,
accompanied by'many others, and
soon a large crowd of several hundreds waa gathered about the witch'
doctor, who was now standing on a
boulder, surrounded by tho armed
band under the leadership of the
hugo man-animal.,
He raised one hand and the laughter and tho chattering ceased, and
for a few seconds complete silenco
reignod. Then ho spoke long and
oarnostly and the gist of what ho
said is as follows:
Ol children of the Green Valley, listen to the commands of tho
groat spirit who, in anger, has hidden his face from his children and
will destroy them and shut them forever from tho gicat hunting-grounds
of their ancestors if they do not
obey his commands. Loi tho sound
of your laughter has become as discord in his cars and his righteous
anger is stored up against you and
his faco is turned from you; but he
has appointed the great man-animal
to be your ruler and to lead you
whoro he dcBlreth and you shall follow him and do his bidding and
many shall be your joys in the groat
hunting ground of your ancestors;
'but if you rebel and turn from him
thon shall you not seo that land but
shall be sent to one of flre and ashes
where no waters run.
"Behold, tho four piles of stones
taark the land which tbe great spirit
has bestowed upon the man-animal
and let no one set foot upon it without permission, else ovil shall befall
him; and othor piles of stones sh*ll
A Fable * 'Valley, fell upon each othor and let,
[By Nemesis.] 1(,>obc the terrible means of destruc-
__ Jion which they had bcen perfecting
arise and he will bestow the land T^10^"™'
..■-._. • ..... .... itTrn    fall     f.
upon any who shall cling to him as
the great spirit has commanded. Now
get thee henco and spread through
tho whole valley the news of tho
things you have seen and heard this,
day, and let your voices shout thi
praises of the great spirit and of tni
man-animal whom he hath chosen to
rulo over you."
The crowl melted away, silent and
wondering, and the great man-animal
turned to tho witch-doctor and said,
"As thou didst predict, so it has
happened. Thore is no sign of re
"They are children," he replied,
"and are aa clay in our hands."
And so it camo about that the men
of tho Green Valley wero enslaved
and thcir laughter was turned into
groans for many long ages.
Soon the whole "valley was marked out with hugo stones whieh en-
and so the great majority were forced to work for those owners and tako
from them in doles a baro sufficiency
of their products to keep them in
working strength.
Thus the great sin was accomplished and out of it, as fungi from filth,
grew sin and sorrow in ever-increasing abundance, and hatred and strife
and disease and weariness became
man's portion from the cradle to the
As disease in any form creates discomfort in the organism, so the
crimes which originated from the
new conditions imposed on man by
the success of that great criminal
conspiracy caused discomfort in the
wholo social organism and means to
combat them had to bo devised by
tho owning class so that they might
onjoy their ill-gotten gains in a full
measure of safety.
To this end codes of criminal and
moral laws were inaugurated and
government came into existence. Tho
crimes which grew out of the new
system were, spilling of blood, thoft
and robbery in many forms, and defiance of the authority of tno ruling
class. The punishments for these
crimes were death, mutilation, torture in many horrible forms, and incarceration in dens or dungeons.
To the witch-doctor were left tho
framing of the moral laws and many
whimsical mysticisms were invented
to account for the sins which had
sprung directly from tho great original sin, and fearful punishments
wero threatened all dilinquents lu
the life aftor death, while eternal
pleasures were promised to thoso who
conformed to both codes of laws.
But the inevitable result of the
formation of thoso'two classes, tho
owners ahd the non-owners, in. spite
of the punishments and the threatened atrocities to follow after death,
and of the mysticism and the mysteries, was resentment, ever-growing
and accumulating resentment on the
part of tbe non-owners, who ultimately found themselves dependont
entirely upon their mastors, who controlled all the necessities of lit.
though they wore produced by the
non-owning toilers.
All that remained to them of tho
God-given gifts of thc planot woro
tho breezes, the sun-warmth and the
sun-light which it waa impossiblo to
control by any foul means and so
thoy remained the common inheritance of owners and non-owners alike.
Then came the inevitable wars,
with tbeir slaughter, starvation and
suffering, for tho great Green Valley had become inhabited by rival
factions or tribes, each jealous of
tho other and scheming one against
the other for the portions of tho valley which wore rich in tho various
products they coveted.
This made the conditions for tho
non-owners still harder and tho resentment, smothered -for long years,
began to break out in overt acts of
rovonge and rebellion which were invariably suppressed with savage severity and wholosalo and barbarous
Then aroso a great teacher who
pointed out to the mon of tho Green
Valley tho wny of salvation through
tho renouncing of all selfish desiros
and by love of thcir fellow men. But
this gospel of love clashing with the
selfish, dominant interests in tho valley resulted in the ignominious and
torturing death of the teacher, and
though there were many, who clung
to "his •doctrines long after his death,
tho greed und selfishness steadily Intensifying ultimately assumed tho
nature of a virulent mndncss.
All pretense of decency and all
consideration for others wero cast
asido and the life in thc Green Valley became a diabolical orgy of brutal struggles for possession and criminal designing to rob and victimize
their fellow men,
Diseaso flourished proportionately,
and the cries of the perishing victims aroso accusingly to tho great
spirit, who, it wus believed, had created the Greon Valley and bestowed
life and consciousness upon its people.
The rivalry between the different
tribes became so acute as tho centuries rolled on, that each, to protect itself, had to devise horrible
moans of destruction to employ
against thcir enemies and in thcir
insanity they destroyed each other
in vast numbers.
Tbe rapacity of the owning class
becamo so monstrous that nn insufficiency of necessities and actual starvation becamo common among the
non-owning classes, whilo the ownors
piled up their ever-in cream ng stores
and flaunted their riches with wolfish gloating before thoir victims'
oyes, and the agonizing cries to tho
great spirit, as yet, bad seemed to
fall only upon the deaf and unheoil-
g oars.
But the climax arrived and retribution fell with a terrible reckoning
upon thoso fiends in tho form of
men and the power of tho groat spirit who had seemed so deaf and unheeding for so long was demonstrated.
The invisible laws, which hnd been
broken in nearly every act of thoso
dwellers in the Green Valley through
many long centuries, suddenly reacted with appalling conscquonces
nnd annihilation and chaos descended in one fell swoop upon all the
In their blind insanity and illogical greed tho tribes of the Green
Fire fell from the heavens and
scared and scorched the whole of
the valley and they who were not
slain succumbed to the ravages of
unnamed and terrible diseases that
reduced their victims to putrid filth
which became again the breeding
places of still moro deadly and je-
volting forms.
Few escaped, and these, flying in
groat fear to the uttermost ends of
the valley, hid themselveB in holes
in the rocks and in the deep recesses
of tho forests, where thoy supported themselves on the wild fruits as
best they could. Ultimately they
crept back whon the passing yearB
had removed the filth and the diseaso had worn itself away and the
great Groen Valley became onco
more tho scene of man's activities,
but sanity had roturned to them and
the last stage was oven as the first
, the rule of lovo, and the laughter
onee moro re-echoed among tho hills
and a peace put on her eternal
$2.00 PER YEAR
Russia's Bolsheviks Lead
the World in Community Service
Stockholm.—Buasian school child
ren have tho opportunity of continuing their studies without experiencing the material hardships of life,
Thc Commissariat for Social Maintenance undertakes their support.
Tho scholars and studonts aro merely expected to pursue their studies
and if they really do this, the stato
supplios thom with food, clothes,
housing, books and recreation.
■ Free education was introduced in
all the schools in Bussia in 1918. The
scholars of the higher and elementary schools are granted subsidict,
tanool books, literature, etc., or they
art given food freo of charge. Thoy
art) allowed to visit theatres, con-
Vtloo, lectures, museums, exhibitions,
M<:, also freo of charge. Tho pupils
__hlho colleges live either in com-
%tfnal houses or separate lodgings.
Alt students receive a certain sum of
hicMcyj in Moscow, for instance,
evejy student rccoivos 1800 roublea.
Ifadcsirod| part of tho monoy is
spoilt on food or other articles.
In order to mako it possiblo for
students to continue thoir studies
iMnterruptodly, the three-term syatem haa beon introduced into tho
universities, by adding a summer
term to the autumn and spring
terms. For this same roason the students nro frocd from military training and service in the Bod army.
Fay for Soldiers' Families
- The soviet of peoples commissaries
has givon orders to doublo the
amount pnid to ench member of o
soldier's family incapable of work-
ing and dependent on him.* In thit
way, such mombors receive 120 roubles monthly. Besides money, they
roccivo food.
Aaslatance During Ulneta
Tho soviet of people's commissaries has issuc-d a decroe for granting
material assistance to those temporarily incapablo of working (through
disease, pregnancy and confinement,
injuries and quarantine). Such pa-
tionts receivo two month's full pay.
If tho illness continues for a long-
er poriod, tho pationt is granted ro-
lief and social maintenance until he
has quite recovered or until, because
of permanent disability, it is found
necessary to givo him a pension.
Any institution not carrying out
this order correctly is mado responsible ond fined.
Free Food for Children
Freo feeding for children has ben
introduced in thc following 15 governments of Soviet Bussia, beginning
June 5, 1919: Archangel, Vladimir,
Vologda, Ivanovosnesonsk, Kalonga,
Kostroma, Moscow, Kishni, Olonctz,
Petrograd, Pskov, Norlh-'Dvinsk,
Tver, Chcrcpovotz, Varoslavl,
Increase Productivity of Labor
Sinco the management of factories
nnd works has been transferred to
tho workmen, thc productivity of lubor has incrcused considerably. Tho
workmen themselves continuo working those factories which the lato
owners abandoned. They have restored order in a comparatively
short time in lho five lending Petrograd factories tho following
amount Of paper wns manufactured:
January, 1019, 07,478 poods; February, 70,554 poodsj March, 82,244
poods. In other words, from Fobru-
ary 1 to April 1 thero was an inerease of 14,760 poods.
Education via Flays and Concerts
The department for pcoplo's education has orgunized systematic plays
and concerts for thc Mohcow fac-
,tories and works. Actors and actresses of tho stato thcutres, art theatres and others take pnrt in thCHO
.performances. Plays of Ostrovsky,
Schiller, Tchekhov, tthnkespcare, etc.,
uro included in tho repertoire.
Now York.—Practically all the local unions connected with tho build-
ing trades of tbis eity have ratified
a blanket agreement formulated between thc union representatives nnd
tho Now York Building Trndes Employers' Association. On January 1,
thc tl an hour wage will bc in effect for all journeymen in tlie skill,
od trades, In some eases a higher
rate will be paid and the hclpor will
get an average of |6, whilo the 44-
hour week nnd the doublo time for
overtime will bo continued.
Economic Breakdown Has
Assumed  Gigantic'
Berlin.—To one who knew Germany before the war and who now
returna to visit it, the change of conditions ia appalling. The* economic
breakdown is evident everywhere.
For the traveler, this breakdown
is most conspicuous in the deterioration of the means of communication.
From November 5 to 15, for instance
no passenger trains whatsoever ran
in Germany. Already the coal shortngo is boing felt severely.
There ia a scarcity of food. Thc
amount of food obtainable in a legitimate way (that is, in exchange for
food cards) is so small that it can
not possibly keop a man in a fit eon
dition to work. Accordingly, every
body who can afford it, buys through
underhand channels. The "Schlcich-
hundol" (secret trade) is flourishing.
Everybody who can, profiteers on
his neighbor. Thc middle class is
suffering most from tho lack of
The only article which cannot bc
obtained surreptitiously is fresh
milk. Whatover milk there is, is boing reserved for the youngest babies.
Thore is hardly onough even for
thoBo. Older children, whose vitality hits boon greatly reduced through
yoars of privation and who, to a
great extent, havo become infected
with tuberculosis, can in most cases
receive no milk at all. Tuberculosis
ia spreading alarmingly.
While fresh milk cannot bo obtained in an underhand manner, con-
dented milk is sold in that way for
9 marks a quart. This may not seem
liko touch monoy if one figures thc
present rate of exchango in American cents. But tho Germnns still
havo to figure in marks (four marks
to the dollar) so that there are but
few peoplo who con afford to buy
condensed milk at that price.
There is also a great lack of wearing; matorial. In fact, thore is want
and suffering everywhere. An early
frost hat tpoilcd the last potato crop.
Thero is a great shortage of fat.
Even more tcrriblo than those
signs of an economic breakdown nre
thoae of an utter spiritual and moral
collapse. Everywhere I flnd depression, pessimism, and a lack of unity
of purpose. Thoro is hatred between
the common peoplo and the "upper
classes," each charging the other
with responsibility for tho condition
of affairs. Lawlessness, theft, and
immorality aro rampant.
There is a craze for pleasure and
dancing. The moving picture shows
and theatrical performances aro
crowded to the limit. In spite of a
great scarcity of homes, atnjut tho
only buildings that are being erected in Berlin are pleasure resorts and
dance halls.
Rank's Hired Mnn says: Host ef
this hore stuff about thc Bullshowcc-
keo In them big papers 'pears to mo
about like what thc old-time preachers used ter call conviction of sin ex-
cont thnt tho tinners are rnulin" on
without any repentance.
Mention tho Federationist when
you make a purchase at a store.
When it was announced that William D. Haywood was to speak in
Detroit 500 Legionaries marched into tho big hall in formation and
wearing uniforms, ready, it appear
cd, to start a free-for-all, in which
tho audience would be worsted and
Haywood would receive tho blame.
Rumors of lynching beet and kidnapping parties wore afloat. Bather
than risk a riot, the polico chief
choso to yield to the American Legion threats, for the time being at
least, and to back down on his old
policy of allowing radical meetings
to go on unmolested.
Poor old Havelock Wilson! Aftor
all the shaking hands and dining
with shipowners! After all thc heroes of the deep—tho "bravo mercantile marine" slobber in the press,
to find shipowners out in force in
tho Houso of Commons stuffing into
tho Alien Restriction Bill n clause,
moved by Sir Auckland Geddes, to
allow aliens to be employed upon
British ships at ratos of pay fixed
for "British subjects of thnt race."
That is, Mongolian Chinese csn be
employed nt rates flxed for Hong
Kong Chinese (British subjects).
Enter the Lascar and tho Negro. En
ter tho Goanoso. Good old ehenp
labor!—Glasgow Forward.
I desire to take this opportunity,
to wish all Federationist readers?
P. Paris
Boot and Shoe Manufacturer
When I undertake your dental work
you may rest assured that when it is completed
it will be as perfectly done as it is possible to
do it. For if eare and skill and conscientiousness count
for anything you will have a dental equipment that will,
if properly taken care of, give you as efficient service as
your original teeth did, for a period of ten years at least.
I guarantee my work for. that period, Upon the condition that
you give your mouth the proper attention aad also pay ne at
least half-yearly visits for examination and aay necessary
•mall repairs during that time. My work in your mouth will
be recorded on a duplicate chart. If it becomes defective it
will bo cheerfully replaced by mt. Thia ia "Grady-grade"
Workers Libelled
Editor B. C. Federationifit: In tho
O. W. V. A, committee'.! report on
tho formation of Cooperative Stores
for British Columbia, an unfortunate error oecura. Tho report in sign-
oil by Mr. Drinnan and in tolling of
tho success of societies of this naturo in Russia, ho makes the rather
silly statement that the only bankin Bussia which the Bolsheviki were
afraid to touch was the Great Nam-
dui Co-operative Bank of Moscow.
for tho reason that it contained and
still contains the savings of tho Russinn working people."
Ts it possible that after two years
Mr Drinnan docs not know that the
working people of Russin nro in control of Russia, and it would bc very
funny indeed if they would want to
rob their own bankf Tlio cooperative movement in Russia is thc backbone of tho workers' Republic Ihe re.
In fact, thcir representative is now
in Washington, D. C, for the purposo of obtaining tho nssistanco (if
possible) of the Unitod States govornment, in lifting tho blockade
against Russia hy the profiteers, so
that tho British and other navies of
tho Allies "wliich do not mako war
on women and children," liko the
Huns did, may censo to mnko wnr on
tho innocent women and children of
Russia by withdrawing from the
blockade, and allowing the exchange
of such commodities as tho Russian
working people may wish to sell or
Mr. Drinnan is perfectly within his
rights in being anti-labor, but in a
roport of this kind, appealing os it.
does to nn uudience 100 per cent, of
whom aru workers, he should not
have allowed such an obviously incorrect statement to be spread broadcast throughout tho Province, nnd it
fhould be corrected by him at the
first opportunity.
Suits, Overcoata, Raincoats, Mackinaws, Gloves,
Shirts, Socks, Underwear,
etc, etc.
G. B. Kerfoot
165 Haitingi St Bait
bo top want to iwor ura
rt—w Ua Onwd le tha
Patricia Cabaret
One block eut ef Kmpress Theatre
WIS t.tt.t.t. MU. ABA
SMITH, 1. LOVI aad tat IBL
laWnrtt tht uteet teal hits, ae-
•Uted hy Tht BreaH Jm tue
411 HA8TIK03 STBBZT 1.
Haste, l^ahl
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.
Vancouver, B. C.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
Send along yonr subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. O. Box 1508, Calgary, Alberta
JR&um & StBrfj $umoB
TII G11ANVIM.E ST.        Opp. Vancouver Hold ./9BU5EFOUR
eleventh yeab. No. 52    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    iSimmk^S,
...ffleocmhflr 26, 191U
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
Federationist, Limited
■a. S. WELLS...
fWicc:    Labor   Temple,   405   Dunsmuir   Stroet.
Telephone  Seymour 5871
Subscribtion Bates: Unitod States and Foreign,
$2.50 per ycur;   Canada, $2.00 por year;   to
"j Unions subscribing in a body, $1.50 por
member per year.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of the World
IN THE WORLD, under date of De-
comber 23rd, appears a letter from a
correspondent offering s. protest against
Professor Angus addressing the Vancouver Trades and Lalior Council, with
► which are afflliated O. B. U.
THERE units, and whose sympathies
IS NO are with the new organiza-
DANGER tion. In the letter, reference
is made to thc prosecution
of .certain of the members of tne 0. B. U.
by' thc government, for acts of disloyalty
and against constituted authority. Tho
writer of thc letter in question also makes
the following statement:
"It is possible that Pro. Angus considered that he was acting in his private capacity, but the 0. B. U. were careful to
have it reported that he was a member
of the staff of the university.
This implies that the writer would object to Professor Angus speaking in his
capacity as a professor of the University
of B. C. and also that the 0. B. U. had
something to do with the reports, that appeared in' the press, of the address given
by that gentleman.
Thc World, in replying editorially to
its correspondent, points out that the 0.
B. U. is not an illegal organization, though
some.flf its members way do illegal aets.
It also says that meimiero of the One
Big Union do illegal acts and hold ultra
radical views, because of insufficient information, it is not only desirable that
they should have instruction from one:
whose authority is unquestioned.
# ■ .   # *
So that there may be no misunderstanding as to the 0. B. U. and the objects of
that organization, we would like to correct be— tbe World! and its correspondent. So far as we know, nobody can construe the objects of the 0. B. U. to be
illegal. If this were possible, the government of this country would long ere this
have taken steps to have put it out of
business by declaring it illegal. The suggestion ol both thc World and the writer
of the letter in question, that members of
the 0. B. U. may commit illegal acts,
would at this time lead us to gather that
they think that the 0. B. U, was responsible for tbe Winnipeg strike and the arrest of the men now facing trial. Thia ia
not thc true situation. The Winnipeg general strike was called by the International
unions and before the 0. B. U. was formed. It is true that aome of the men arrested were active in bringing the 0. B. U.
into existence; it is also true that some of
them were members of International
unions, but the main point ia that
this strike waa not a One Big
Union strike, bat a strike brought
about by organizations baving, and still
holding international affiliations. Wb have
little to offer in criticism of the World's
reply to its correspondent, except to point
out that it is somewhat misleading to suggest that members of the 0. 8. U. may
commit illegal aets because of tbeir lack
of knowledge, and that members of the
new organization had their passions inflamed, and their judgment perverted
during thc local strike. As in AVinnipeg,
the local strike was not an 0. B. IJ; strike,
but members of the internationals wero
on strike as well as thc newly-formed 0.
B. U. units, which had been formed after
the general strike in A Winnipeg had been
called. /
* * * . .
The 0. B. U. is not formed to resist constituted authority. It wasnot formed to
commit illegal acts. The organization
has sufficient members who have enough
knowledge to realize that this would defeat thc aims of the organization, which
is to deal more effectively with working
class conditions in industry, than could
the old craft form of organization. This
will ensure the keeping of the activities
within the bounds of the law, and also in
accordance with the development of industry. Professor Angus, being a man of
knowledge, tbe members of the 0. B. U.
were not as narrow-minded as those that
would object to him speaking to them,
and invited him to give an address on
topics that were in the minds of all observant people. His address was much
appreciated by them, and a courteous and
appreciative hearing was given him. But
there were members of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council who are as
well, if not better versed, in economics,
than is Professor Angus. There are members of the council that have given many
years study to this intricate science, and
they are iu a position to discuss the matter of international exchange, or any
other matter dealing with economics, with
any professor on this subject in the land,
and this knowledge is not confined to onc
or two speakers in the movement, but as
was demonstrated at the meeting in question, is widely diffused amongst tho members, and we arc inclined to think that
Professor Angus realized that he was talking to an audience that understood more
©f the subject under discussion, than it
is usual for him to address. Let it be
distinctly understood that thc Socialist or
Progressive Labor man ,is willing to sit at
the feet of any man that has anything to
teach that is in keeping with the development of human society. They are always
seeking thc truth, and nothing but thc
truth. This desire for knowledge, and
the ability to assimilate it when presented,
will assure all timid folks that no member, or unit of the 0. B. U. is sitting up I
nightg to scheme to break tho laws of tbe '
land, or to bring about revolutions.
They leave the breaking of laws to men
of anarchistic turn of mind, and who are
not confined to thc members of the working class. They also realize that revolutions are not made, but arc the culminating epochs of evolutionary processes.
Timid people can take heart, and no harm
will befall them if Professor Angus again
addresses the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council with its 0. B. U, advoeacy,
and progressive attitude towards the problems of the workers. For the professor
will come to no harm, neither will thc people who hear him, for they are able to
discriminate between what is, and what is
not, whieh is more than the "uneducated" educating portions of the community,
who have been accepting all the press has
told them of the working class movement.
And the university will not suffer because
Professor Angus talks to an intelligent
working class audienco.
THE GOVERNMENT has, as a Christmas present, given forth a proclamation granting amnesty to military offenders, and has repealed certain orders in
council, which were passed duVing the
war. The freedom of
WHAT press aud speech are,
MIGHT however,   still   things
HAVE BEEN. that are denied the people, the censorship still
prevailing. Free speech and the right to
discuss those things that are vital to the
people of the country, and whieh is the
basis of democracy, is still denied them.
Under what pretext this interference
with the liberty of the people is still continued is something that the average person cannot see. The war is ended. There
is no information that could be given to
aid and comfort the ecnmy, unless it is
the fact that we have lost some of the
liberties we possessed before the commencement of the war, and the discussion
of working class problems might disclose
this fact. But the censorship atill continues, and works that have been in the
homes of many workers, and which have
been in the libraries of the broader-minded men amongst the employing class, are
still banned. Men have been arrested and
thrown into jail because they have had in
their possession books and literature that
they, in many cases, had in their possession many years before the war, and made
into criminals as a result of having banned literature. And this after nearly five
years of war for democracy * The importation of liquor is to be allowed after
January the 1st, but the importation of
Eerr's works dealing with working class
problems is still under thc ban. And yet
prominent "statesmen" make the statement that they are opposed to class legislation? Surely they have their tongues
in their cheeks when they utter these
platitudes on the question of class legislation. There ia only one reason for the
censorship being retained, and that is to
prevent the spread of knowledge of the
working class position in society. And to
the ruling class this is aU sufficient.
( * » »
There are, however, other things that
should be remedied. If the government
of this country had wished to have given
tbe people something to be thankful for
tbis Christmas, the freeing of political prisoners, as well as military offenders,
should have been given first consideration,
and all those in jail for having in their
possession literature, whieh can atill bc
found in the homes of bishops, of so-called
statesmen, of bankers, and many of the
working class, shonld have been freed,
The censorship should have been removed.
But what is the use? Governments are
thpre for the purpose of governing, and
the working class being the governed
class, must be the class to be subjected to
all the indignities that a ruling class with
little knowledge, and a lot of bias and
class hatred, can impose upon it. To put
forward that which we think would be
the best gift to the people at this time,
might be considered seditious, for heavens
only knows what is not considered unconstitutional and seditious in these days, but
we will take a chanee, and would suggest,
that in spite of the fact that it is too late
to be a Christmas present, that it will not
be too late for a New Years gift, and nothing could be better in the shape of a
gift, or present, to the people of this country, than the resignation of the present
government—which docs not in any way
represent the people,-even the so-called
sane and safe element—and thc restoration of government by parliament, instead
of by ordcr-in-council. Like the widows
and orphans of thc men who died in
France, we are afraid that our wishes will
not bc gratified, and that we must hope in
vain, and wait until the workers take a
hand in their own destinieB, before liberty
and democracy prevail, and want and misery arc things of the past.
AS A Minister of Labor, Senator Gideon Robertson is unique. He "settles" miners' troubles without consulting
tho miners, by consulting men, who a very
short time ago would have been dubbed
foreign agitators, in the
ROBERTSON persons of organizers
IN TWO . appointed by the U. M.
ROLES, AV. of A.   According to
press reports, the difficulties between thc miners and the operators have been satisfactorily setttled.
Thc basis of settlement is that the miners,
that is thoso members of the International
organization, are to receive an increase of
14 per cent. O. B. U. members are not to
benefit by this arrangement. This will
mean, if our information ia correct, that
about 10 per cent, of the miners in the
Crows Nest Pass will receive an increase,
and 90 per cent, will get nothing. That
is some settlement. Senator Robertson iB
a strong constitutionalist. He believes in
majority rule, or so he says. How does
he square his actions in this case, where
only 10 per cent, of the miners are affected. In a letter to the president of
thc miners—the 0. B. U.—which is in the
majority, he says:
"Any action indulged in by your
organization at a time when miners
have no justifiable grievance, and
.which would bring upon the commun
ity inconceivable hardship, those re-.
sponsible for.such action must expect-'
to assume responsibility therefor.'1;;
We take this to be a threat. Does the
minister of Labor mean that the majority
of thc miners will not have a grievance,
when they are to be so palpably discriminated against, not only by the employers,
but by the government, who is backing
them up through the minister of Labor?
AVhat has become of the government of
the people by the people? What are the
workers to think of the protestations of
thc government that it is not a class government under these conditions? Does
the minister of Labor intend to repeat hts
AVinnipeg performances in the event of
thc 0. B. U. miners taking action to remove the discrimination which he has
sanctioned, nay has been at least partly,
if not wholly responsible for?
• * » *
Senator Robertson has appeared in another role during the past week, as a spectator at thc AVinnipeg trials. No doubt
he was most interested in thc statement
uttered by Mr. Justice Metcalfe to the effect that contracts or agreements between
employers and employees are legal. AVe
take this to mean that the breaking of
contracts or agreements of this nature,
are breaches that bring those committing
them within the law. We have wondered
just what the minister of Labor thought
when Justice Metcalfe made this statement. Particularly when he knows that,
the agreement, which is now known as
the Robertson agreement, covering thc
shipbuilding operations on this coast, was
broken within a week after thc signatures
of thc parties to it were affixed'. That he
knew of these breaches of contract, there
is no doubt. For officials of his department have so reported to him, not once,
but many times. No doubt the minister
of Labor will remember these reports, and
review his attitude towards the breaches
of contract in Winnipeg made by the
workers, in the defense of the right of collective bargaining. A right which he himself has saidj cannot be arbitrated. Having reviewed his attitude towards the
breaches referred to, and also those made
by the employers in AVinnipeg, we wonder what the minister thought of his actions in having men taken to Stony Mountain penitentiary without any warrant?
In fact we wonder a lot of things, and
one of them is how on earth he had the
gall to sit in the court and witness the
trial of men whose only crime was the defending of the .right that cannot be arbitrated, thc right of collective bargatttto
After that we wonder what tho workers
think of this wonderful minister ateitk.
bor. Who in one breath contradicts ^ne
statement made in the previous 'one.
Whose actions in settling strikes consist
of discrimination against the majority of;
the men affected, and the apparently instigator of the casting of men in prit/dn
for defending a right which he hiijiis.ejlf
says is not to be arbitrated.' We Ifflo
wonder when the workers will realize.thit
governments at this day and age rtiprfe-
sent one class, and one class alone,and
that is the ruling class, and any miiiism*
of any such government will only act in
the interests of the class it represent*.
And that working class interests can only
be iooked after by members of that class.
The moral should he patent to the most
unsophisticated member of the working
class, and that is those that rule do so
with the consent of the majority, and the
workers arc in the majority in this country, and throughout capitalistic society.
A LADY CORRESPONDENT has written to ask us to explain what educational system will be instituted under a
new order of society, based on production
for use instead of the present profit system. Candidly, wc
SOMETHING don't know, and we
WE DON'T don't care very much.
KNOW. It won't be on the lines
of the present hotchpotch methods in vogue under the present
system, and that is all .wc are sure about.
A Utopian Socialist would endeavor to
lay down a theory as to what educational
system might exist under a new order. A
Marxian Socialist would say that thc educational system would conform to the
methods of production under any form of
society, and under a system based on production for use, thc educational system
would conform to those methods of production. Thc basis of production being
for use, then the present system of education would not be suitable to the new
Today the education given to children
is of such a nature as to bolster up the
wage system. To do this it must in a large
measure distort history in order to buttress that system. It must be as dualistic
as is thc system. It must at all times distort thc truth as to the position of the
working class. Once human slavery under the guise of the wage system is abolished, and there being no classes iq. society, there would of necessity be the elimination of all class distinctions. This
would enable thc stored-up knowledge of
the human family to be at the disposal of
every child that was bom. History
would be interpreted from the point of
the new age. It would, instead of being
the history of "big" men, kings.'j'and
queens, be the history of human development from the materialistic conception of
history. The doings of Henry the VIlL,
who had tho morals of the barnyard lobster, would not figure very largely in tjhe
history taught to children, but the methods hy which the peoplo obtained their
living, and the effect of the economic system on society would be the basis of thc
historical teachings. Children would be
taught so that they could become useful
producing members of society, where today a number of children are taught nothing that would fit them for anything
but the parasites that they eventually become. Under a new social order, children
would be taught to live, while they today
arc now only taught to work or become
parasites. The details wc cannot predict,
wo dont know, and do not pretend to
know, but we are sure that they will be
better thaa the educational methods of
today.  . .
P. R. and the Usual
******   ******   ******   ******
Red Herring Tactics
... ..!-.  . **m*****************w***?****************»
Aldermen Attempt to Sidetrack P.R. By
Switching In Kirk's Four-Ward and
Owen's One-Ward Scheme
For the past two months or 80,tnicnt on P. B. is simply to rcBubdi-
some of our eminent city fathers
havo boon haunted by & great fear
—was thero not a danger of proportional representation coming
Klongf A fow day* ago a petition
as presented to the City Council
oskiug for th'e submission of the
question of adopting the "municipal proportional representation act,"
to the voters of tho city. The petition boro somo 3,500 names, and
tho eity clerk, on checking it up,
found that the number of signatures
required by tho act, hud boon secured. The nldermen were thereupon compelled to put through n bylaw providing for the question to
be voted upon at the municipal elections on January S, 1920.
Now somo of the aldermen don't
like P. B. ono' little bit, bocouse,
under P. B. some naughty labor man
might get elocted to the city council, which would never dont all.
They have several schemes designed
to keep labor in its proper place.
For example, thore ia Alderman
Owen, who proposes to do away with
the wards, which sounds plausible.
But he says nothing at all about the
form of ballot which his scheme
would introduce, although on inquiry
it is disclosed tlmt it is morely the
old familiar "block vote," which
has been used in Vancouver provincial elections for yoars. How many
labor candidates have ever been
eleoted in Vancouver to the provincial leg'slatnref Owen's sc.ieme of
making the eity into one ward would
simply mean thnt labor was not expected, in the future, to interest itself in municipal elections in Vancouver—at least to the extent of
running a labor candidate or candidates.
Alderman Kirk, the well-known
"friend" of labor, has a pet scheme
of changing the syBtem of election.
The plan he proposes as an improve-
vide tho wards, and instead of tho
present oight wards to havo four
wards, each electing two aldermen,
and using the Mock voto. If it be
assumed that labor is, at present
a minority element in every Vara
or nearly every ward, it is clear that
the Kirk scheme offers no advantago
to labor. It is, after all, merely the
present ward system patched up a
Httle and mado to look "a little qiore
Neither tho onc ward scheme nor
tht' four-ward scheme muke any attempt to deal with thc situation in
a fundamental way. Both of thom
ignore tho great fact thnt what is
needed is not a mere patching up
process, but some principle which
will enable the elector to express
his real will on the ballot and to
express it effectively. Both the
Owen nnd the Kirk schemes, in actual operation, nullify the reul wish
of the electors.
It is only the proportional representation system which offers to tho
elector an honest, unfettered, and effective ballot. If the labor element,
desires that a representative or representatives of Iheir own selection
should be elected to the city council,
aud to the other representative bodies such as tho school board, thc
"P. E." ballot offers a reasonable
expectation of such a result being
Proportional representation has
boen approved by the voice of labor
in Canada, and in Vancouvor, so
often that it is quito unnecessary to
go into any discussion of its merits.
No matter how wo mny differ on
other important questions, thero can
he no room for disagreement on this
particular subject, Let your answer
to the question "Are you in favor
of adopting the 'municipal proportional act' into force in this munic-
ipulityl" be "yos."
An you in fnvor cf bringing tlie
"MunlcJpal  Proportional  Rep.
mentation Act" into force in
tbls Municipality?
Judge Anderson is the jurist whrf
remitted tlie Standard Oil's i|i2it,000,-
000 fine. Attorney Goneral Palmer
selected his "injunction judge" after careful deliberation.
Representative of Twenty
Million Russians Wants
Blockade Lifted
San Francisco.—VliHlhmr Vocii-
mctroff, acting president of the central union of consumers' societies of
Bussia, has been released by the immigration authorities and permitted
to land.
Yoi'hmetroff, who, claims to represent 20,000,000 Hiissiiins, members
of the consumers' organization, uud
who came to urge Washington to-
thiow its weight agaiust tho blockade of Soviet Bussia, will proceed
to Washington. '
Vochmetroff wns held for investigation when he attempted to laud
last Wednesday.
Vochmetroff issued an optimistic
'We soo in Bussia the groat role
which she will play in the concern
of thc world's states," he said. "We
are quite convinced that Bussia will
live through the present hiird time?,
and because of her extraordinary
natural resources and the grait
abilitios for work of thc Bussian
people she will soon recover from
thc misfortunes of the European war
and civil strife."
'The broad musses of the Busshn
people whom I represent believe thut
if the world earnestly desire^ peace,
it must recognize thnt pence cannot
be accomplished without tho presence of new Russia."
Intimation of Vaclimetroff's attitude toward established governmont
was seen in thc following:
'It is quito clear each nation now
has tremendous internal difficulties
of its,own to solvo, and that thc old
forms (of government) hnvo already
servod out thcir life. Wo nre in
process of alternation of ail our political forms.
"Bolshevism cannot bo cheeked
by blockado or by hunger. Tbe
blockade must bo raised. It is creating in tho masses a distrust of humanity."
Tho Contrcsoiuz, according to
Vochmetroff, during WIS, did a billion rouble business. It is, according to tho statement, the greatest
co-operative buying institution in
the world. ^
Worker' Liberty Bond Buttons
are issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Have you got yours yet Oet
behind a button and show that yon
are willing to help aU you can the
defense of tbe men arrested in Winnipeg.
The greatest parade in the history
of New York City nuyched through
Itjj streets on November 24, It was
u procession of over 100,000 Jews
dresScd in mourning who wcro protesting against massacres of Jews
iu I'krania. Nearly 25,000 returnod
soldiers nnd sailors of that raco helped swell the procession, as it march-,
ed to an old Hebrew funeral dirge/
All Jewish places of business in the
largest Jewish city of the world
were closed.
Hand tho Fed. to your sliopmato
whon you are through with it.
"SONGS   UNBIDDEN," by   the
Prospector, will mako a nice gift
book for your eastern friends.
Poems of Love, Nature, BeKgion and
Sociology.. It is fragrant with the
breath uf balsams and pines. Leatherette covers $1.50,. velvet sheep
binding, $2.00 postpaid. ' Published
bv Victoria Printing & Publishing
■Co., 521 YatoB St, Victoria, B. C. ,,#
Matinee  2.30
Evenings 8.29
Phoae Soymour 2482
As Groat ag Lilac Time
At different as "Tes or Ne."
Order four scuts now.
Firat time in Canada.
A man week
 Other Big Features
Gifts That Please
FANCY SILK HOSIERY-A splendid lino in plain color
silk, including black, slate, purple, maroon and brown.
Price, per pair $1.75 and $2.00
SILK SHIRTS—A dandy selection in plain white and
candy stripes. These make a very acceptable gift. Price,
each $6.00, $7.50 and $10.00
The Management and fltitt of Henry Birks &
Sons wish all the readers of this paper
May the New Year Jipld in store for you in>-
creased happiness and prosperity, and may it
bring to you the fulfilment of your highest
hopes and wishes.
Oeo. E. Trorey
Managing pir.
Granville and
Oeorgia Sta.
Contains No Alum
Our large and increasing
sale of this product has
been built up to a great
extent to the rccommen- .
elation of its users—a better advertisement than
we ean write.
(Save Coupons for premiums)
"Malkin's Best" Baking
tains no alum) and tbl
every tin.
M atMltteiy f» (at.
tie plainly marked on
That supreme
touch of den-
tal skill that
makes the differenco.
FILLINOS made the same
shade as your own NATURAL
Evenings hy Appointment  I
Dental Nurse In Attendance l
Corner of Bobson Street
Ovor Owl Drug Store
Phone Seymour 5238
Can yon ih the Long Distance
telephono botwoen 7 p.m. tnd 8 t.n.l
It so, you can talk for time tban
tbo day period for the aame eoat.
Special ratea obtain dnrlng the evening honre. and bealdeB yon will Rot
prompter Bervice, became the linoa
aro leas consented.
Remember, appointment, can h.
made for nny particular time lor
Long Distance calla. Wo will havo
your party ready at nny hour yoa
lien's Hatters and Outfitters
630 OranviUe Street
619 Hastings Street West
Rob Roy
Modem—Every Convenience
Hot and Cold Water ia Every
Proprietress:        MBS.    WRIGHT
Late of the Victor Hotel
833 Abbott Street      -      >
Speaker: Bev. Dr. John Knox
Soloist; Mr. W. C. Lambcrton, "Tho
Star of Bcthlohom,"
Doors Open 2:90 p.m.
nee Qsartie Strew
Sunday aervlcea, 11 a.m. and 7.S0 p.aa.
Sanday achool immediately following
morning service. Wedneaday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. free reading room,
001903   Blrka   Bldg.
Bank of Toronto
Assets ont.
Joint Savings Account
l MINT Savinga Aeeonnt may hi
\ epeaed al The Baok of Toronto
In ttt name of two or  mm
_ — theia accounts either
party nay algn cheques or deposit
"oaey. For tha different membera
or a family ar a flm a Joint aceeaat
ia often a great conveniens*. Jotsrnl
la paid « hslancea.
Vaneonver Branch:
•" Beattnis aad OaaMe MnMe
Branehea at:
Victoria,   Merritt, law Wtettlaatsr
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics   s
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value. %
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
White & Bindon
Phon* Sey.  1214—Connecting »U
Ofllce   Furniture,   Filing   Devloei,
.^Bltnk Books, Looso Leaf Systems
Vtuoam, B. 0.
tint ap Phone Seymou 830ft for
Dr. W. J. Curry
laite Ul Dominion MMtag
Mr. Paioa Uaa, 4e you bvj at a'1 - V&W&.Y-
..ffleccniber SB, 1919
eleventh yeas. No. 52    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancocveb, b. a
"Producer to Consumer"
—something that has a real meaning to
.    every housewife in Greater Vancouver*
The Fraaer Valley Dairies is working along
carefully considered lines for getting in direct
touch with Vancouver consumers.
As a result of its work
—Milk is today being sold in Vancouver at the lowest price of uy
city of its size in Canada.
—Last Fall no increaie wm made in
the price of milk when Winter feeding started—putting this city in a
claas hy itself as oomparad with
otber Canadian and States cities.
—Today we are putting the finishing touches on a distribution plant
which will be a model on this continent—which will make economies
. aad the highest standard of ter-
It is to your advantage to take advantage of our
service. The closer the consumer gets in business dealings with the actual producer—the greater the publio
Fraser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
8th Ave. and
Yukon St.
Fair. 1000
The-Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized	
Capital Paid-up
 $ 25,000,000
 _ :.$ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets $460,000,000
590 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indies.
AIM branches in London, England; Mew Tork City and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vaneonver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings aad Homer Streete.
Corner Main and Hastinga Streets.
Corner Granville and Bobson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Comer Cordova aad Carrall Streets.
Corner Qranvllle and Davie Streets.       /
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenne West
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenne and Main Street
2016 Tew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenne and Mala Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Branch and 88th Avenne Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account en which interest ia paid half-yearly
at current rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. PBAZEE, Vanconver,
Supervisor for B. O.
Present System Has Been
Now in Chaos
Comrade Ohas. Lester doliveredj
the socond and concluding part of
his lecture on "Value" last Sunday evening before a ileqge and attentive audience at the S. P. of C.
meeting in Uie Empress Theatre.
Oomrade George Mcintosh acted as
chairman, and in brief outline, laid
'down the educational policy ef the
Socialist party and emphasized tho
need for serious study and sound
thinking on the part of the average
At tho outset the speakor deolar
od that whilo tho organic structuro
of capitalism was today besot and
harassed by the growth and inroads
of a cancer engendered through the
nature bf the inherent constitution,
yet it was not contended that cap.
holism had not beon Useful to man
Capitalism had brought mankind
together in social production, it had
harrassed nature's forces to man's
uso by tho aid of ingenious scientific
devices. It had linked tho nations
and races of tho earth to a common
purposo in tho production socially
of everything needful for man'B existence. Tho railroad and steamship
wore its inventions. The modern
perfection of electrical appliances
and devices seemed to be never-ending, and we had reached a stage today whon wo woro boyond astonishment at any expression of man's
capabilities. But while onr attention was ever directed to man's ability to produco everything required
for his comfort, we were everywhere
confronted with the evidence of destitution on the part of the major
portion of the populace of any enp-
italiBt country. The forcos of production wore not in harmony with
distribution. Tho extraordinary eir-
cumstancoB arose wherein man was
able to produce everything required
to suit his material wants, and was
unable to utilize his products at tho
same timo. The trouble lay In private ownorship of the means of
wenlth production, and nil the man.
ifestations of socinl unrest of today
might bo traced to that cuuso. Tho
workors wcro engagod in producing
values they did not own, and which
were te be sold for a profit.
Tlio nature of the-case was such
that no manner of tinkering could
ndjust theso economic affairs to a
harmonious condition and still leavo
sound profit-making system. Tho
futile efforts of the gang of pirates
ut Paris had demonstrated that.
Thcir efforts had been to further organize the method in exploiting thc
working class of the world. The
workers themselves wero not without consideration of their own condition. At tho same time ns the master lad a surplus of goods to bo
sold, the worker was unablo to nnd
employment. He pinned hia faith to
a job. Ho did not fully realizo that
" job meant his own exploitation.
Bolsheviks Used Mental!
Dynamite to Remove
London.—A Castle liner with some
2,000 British troops aboard, recently arrived in Plymouth. Other trans-
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Oounoil
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1,00 for six monthi
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Boom 1, 630 Main St., Winnipeg, Kan.
Canadian  National  Railways
Mino Month Limit
"    Through  Tourist and  Standard  Sleepiif Can
Daily Trains commencing October 6th
Toll Information from
606 Hastinfi St W. Vancoum, B. O.
When ho obtained a job' ho tried
the striko and ho could atriko from
now until doomsday, but as long as
the master had tho powors of stato
in his hands, the worker would always have the load behind and the
master for a driver. Tho effort bohind the League of Nations wat to
koep labor in its old blind position,
but to bdo taht or to manoeuvre with
the effects of capitalism was as impossible as the stoppage of the
earth's movement round the sun.
Bussia held tho torch high to light
the way towards the emancipation
from the bondage of wage-slavery
of the workers. The Spartacans in
Germany had followed Bussia 'a lead.
The name had beon taken from thc
pseudonym assumod by Karl Leik-
:necht when he wroto as '' Sparta-
cus." At a time when Germany was
supposed to be in an impossible financial condition, sixty-eight million
dollars had been found to suppress
the commune of Munich. Certain
eloments had provod useful traitors
. | to the workers and had been used
_l| by the master clnss, particularly during war time. Men such as Hyndman and Victor FiBher in England,
and Spargo in America were now
recognized by the workers as untrustworthy and as objects of suspicion. Thoir energies had bcen en-
listed on the side of one or the other
of the imperialist groups. The flnnn
cial tangle involved by tho-proposed
Berlin-to-Bagdad railway, in which
the Rothschilds and Morgans on the
ono hand and the Rockefellers on
the other, were the main factors,
was nt the present timo a stumbling
block to tho temporary solution of
many problems besotting the capitalist mind.
Our informntion as to tho happenings in the vnrious parts of tho
world was supplied by a press that
was "about as truthfur.as a North
West Mounted Policeman," suid thc
speaker, which remark dieted thunderous applause. Ho must deal with
conditions as we found them. Capitalism had condemned tho human
family to death but society would
continue its struggle for Ufe and
wonld undoubtedly survive and in a
happier form. Tho possibility of lifo
to the full was within our reach
and our manner of grasping it must
bc •determined by conditions coupled'
with our intelligence and knowledge.
We must be inspired by tha mag*
nitudo of tho task tho accomplishment of which would place the vast
resources of the entire world at the
disposal of every child born into it.
Named Shoes are frequently made,
in Non-union factorial
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable im.
pression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without ths UHIOV STAMP ai* always Non-onion
So not accept say txeoat tot ahaoace of ths Union Stamp
COLZ.I8 LOVELY, G.n.mi PrMldent-OHAB. L. BAINE, Gonwal Sm.-Tnu,
ports bringing contingents from the
north Russia expeditd'onary force are
still on their way. Many English
and colonial homes have been made
happy by tbis withdrawal from Russia, but tho nation has ■discovered
suddenly that thc returned warriors
are excellent agents for the Bolshevist idea.
Tommies you meet on thn street,
in the restaurants, in the Y. ht, C.
A. huta, «vcrywhore, do not hesitate
to tell yon about the mutinies in the
kronen north, and they givo you the]
causes. Officers frown, but admit
thero was no help for it. And those
who fear thnt tnts Bolshevist ideas
which the soldiers spread may bring
about serious troubles ure hastening
to disband tho regiments and scatter
them to tho four cornets of the
"Tho real roason Bolshevism
Spreads among the British, French
and American troops in Bussia was
because the officers had no valid answer to tho men's asking what they
wen fighting for," a young Aus«
tralian soldier, a bright chap who
had bcen through the pnblic schools
and had worked in America several
years, told mc. "The Bolshevists
kept on Bonding over notes asking
us why wo were on their soil. At
first wo ignored them.
"Then came a day whon some of
our prisoners came back. They were
set free on condition that they ask
their officers the same quostion. Another day some of our wounded of a
previous day's encounter were roturned to us under a white Hog in
charge of a young Bussian lieutenant who spoke English perfectly.
" 'Ask your officers whv they aro
fighting us,' tho Bolshevik advised
us, and departed.
"Well, that made us think. Up to
then wo had sent one or two replies,.
just pulling the bolos' legs. This
timo we asked our officers.
" 'You aro fighting tho king's en
cuues—just as you swore to when
you enlisted,' our officers replied.
"So we sent that reply to the bo-
"A day later we got some more.
notes ffom them. I do not remem-.
bor thc wording, but the idea was
that they, the bolos, wcro not the enemy of King George and that tho]
real reason the Allied troops were on
Bussian soil was to restore the old
csaristic government so that tho mil-g
lions of pounds'worth of Bussian,
notes, held chiefly by thc French and
British interests and cancelled by
tho bolos, would be honored and
paid. L
"The FrenchfeB got all upset by|
this note and by similar notes from.
the bolos professing tho brotherhood
of man and similar socialistic stuff.]
We kopt quiet. One day we had another fight with tho Bolshevists and
lost somo dead and wounded. The
next day came the usual notes from
the 'tiolos.
"This time wc answered: 'We arc
fighting to snve our skins.'
"The bolos replied: 'So aro wo.
Let's all go homo.'
"That sounded good. Conditions
wero awful up there. We really had
no reason to be there, we figured
despite the officers' saying it was
to fight the king's enemies. Hell, I
did enough fighting of the king's enemies. I mean the Germans. I was
wounded at Croiaclles on tho
paume-Cambrai road. I fought at
Gallipoli. I knew why I was fighting then. But there was no sense in
fighting the Bussians, who were
treating us damn whito and only
beggtn' us to clear out and let them
sottle thoir own pudding,
"I guess the lieutenants and captains thought the same way about
it, although outwardly they kept up
the bluff of the bolos being worse
than tho Germans, Wc thought so
at first, too, and say the atrocities
wo committed against them were
worso than nny German atrocities
against the Australians and Canadians. Yes, wo killed Bolsheviki
prisoners, we tortured them, wc bay-;
onottcd wounded and left them to I
freeze to death. Aftor they replied
hy sending our wounded hack well
cared for wc changed our tactics.
We couldn't believe our officers then.
"I don't know much about tho
Americans, but I guess it was the
samo with them—ond likewise tho
French. Wo all changed our minds.
Now about this mutiny; wo don't
cpll it mutiny. Wo just call it cessation of hostilities. Wo figured wo
hnd fought the renl war und won
tho real war, nnd this was juat
bloody murder, pardon the word."
—Oeorge Scldes in tho Chicago Tribune.
o UHil
Pave Rees Urges Activity
. .. on Part ef Members
1 of F.L. P.
Worken' Liberty Bond Buttons
an issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Have yon got yours yet Get
behind a button and show that yon
are willing to help all yon can the
defense of the men arrested tn Win-
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
le EcottOtticaL  IW
Ifc carriee —redeemable for aeeftf
articles ..
"Old Lady SI"
"Old Lady 31" contains one of
tho most original stories ever
ponncd by a dramatist, and is just
as different from the usual run of
plays as was "Yos or No." When
the modern authors wish to register;
a play on Broadway as a decided
hit thev realizo they must get clear'
away from tho beaten path, and it
was probably tho origiual dramatic
construction in "Old Lady 31"
which mado it an instantaneous hit.
Although a great lovo story with its
comedy and dramatic backgrounds
is also popular, in "Old Lady 31"
it is told in such a different way
that the audience is entranced at its
novelty. Margaret Marriott will bo
featured in the lead, which will also
bo entirely different from anything
sho has ever attempted. As this is|
one of the greatest plays of the
season, everyone should make a'
special effort to securo thcir tickets
in advance, for it will be the first
Canadian production. •**
The minister ef food has written
to Scottish Co-operative Wholesale
Society, drawing its attention to tho
faet (hai it is gelling oatmeal too
fthfenp, and demanding an explanation as to why cooperative meal is
being sold under the current price.
The wholosalo's case Is that oatmeal
mills" aro not controlled, and that
the govornmont has given an excessive priee to farmers for oats; hut
owing (says the Co-operative News)
to its large resources and capable
management, tbe S, C. W. S, is able
to sell the products of its oatmeal
mills to its members cheaply.
Dave Rees was suffering from a
cold when he addressed the meeting
at the Colombia on Sunday evening;
whon he was through, his colleague
or the platform, J. W. Hogg, suggested he should "develop another
void and como baok next Sunday.
Comrade Roes, however, was not
handing out bouquets on this Occasion; he intimated in fact that
the membership of the party had
not measured up to his expectations,
and he was not sure that they wcro
doing all that might be expected of
They could not havo "pcqpc on
earth" until they were 'sufficiently
alivo in the party to get it; filljeit
the workers' party always had bcen
for peace, all along tho line. At
the beginning of the war, comrades
who declared their belief in peace
had boen stigmatized in an editorial
a« "the ignoble 28;" those who
thought them ignoble then, and had
rushed to fight for democracy, etc.,
would not feel like calling those 28
men and women f ignoble" now,
for-the st&nd they took.
"Tho peace they fought for is hot
here, and is not near by.'' It was,
however, just as close as the workers had a mind to mako It. they
must not fool themselves as optimists, and think thut it was going to
drop down from heaven as the
manna of old.
There was abundance Of room to
spread propaganda in the mombers'
own homes. It was up to thom td
get the children to understand the
workers' viewpoint proper, aud not
as taught in the schools. They remembered tho adages shoftly and
subtly luid down for them there. If
(as it appeared) tho emancipation
and peace they desired was not to
come with tho dawn of 1920, it was
up to them to tuke stops for avoiding that "noxt great war," already
mentioned in tho press as to bo more
awful than the last one, more
bloody than anything else that had
In view of the amount of tho Collection at the National, tho speaker
felt they were not doing as they
should bo doing, financially or other- j
jtiipe. Oliver and Bowser were not |
■fi(.inff to assist them; if thoy did,
the party would bo of no value from
ffiiriijoment such aid was accepted.
.They did not want to call in any of
llflhp, old-time parties-;' they had seen
,\he rottenness of thoso who wero
nt present handling things—in thcir
Own interests.
.Tho speaker deprecated carping
criticism such as that directed at
}tho. recent conferenco at Washington, although ho appreciated the
reactionary surroundings thore. It
Wns truo that tho government representatives hod two votes to labor's
ope; yet he eould not soe that, as
one delegate complained, tho workers . had*'' suffered mortal defeat''
when a vote went against them. In
view of what had happened to governments in Europe; thoy hoped
that ia a short time the government representatives would be
labor representatives also. If tho
F. L.P, and the progressive parties
of other countries would play their
part, in tho very near future this
international labor conference was
going to bo of valuo. I
Comrade Bees had some interesting details to give of tho activities
of Zaneth at Calgary and elsewhere,
remarking that ho "must say that
Horry did his job well." There
were others of the breed at Calgary,
too—"all kinds of thom," including
Bob Gosden. Tho lifo of the F. L. P.
hnd got to bo such as all the Zan-
eths and Bob Gosdens might see and
hear. '' The only phi losop^y for us
as workers is .something plain and
abovo board. Tho workers cannot
make any progress by strategy. Our
propaganda has got to bo without
any camouflage, so that tho humblest
can understand."
The question, of "Mend it or end
it" was up to the workers themselves. Nobody elso was going to
make it better for them. If tho
workers would show somo of the
zculousness manifested in the Salvation Army, it would bo better for
socioty as well as for tho F. L. P.
Comrade Hogg remarked on thc
slogan of "Peace for Christmas"—
just as the kaiser was going to bo
in Paris "by Christmaa," Church
ill was trying to blow his way
through thc Dardanelles "by Christmas," and so forth. Yet from the
newspapers it appeared that tho con
dition of tho world today was worse,
so far as war was concerned, than
before tho armistico. Tho Allies
were indicting ou Russia and Germany und Austria a condition worse
by fur than the preparation of war
in field or trench. *
Tho war was fought first of nil because Germany had violated Belgium
to attack France; but Great Britain
would not have declared war on
Franco for violating Belgium to attack Germany. Then the excuse was
shifted; the Allies had to crush German militarism, which would otherwise dominate the wholo civilized
world. Then it was a war to end all
war und bring poaco on earth—
"and you've got It.
.'In Vancouvor there were a large
number of unemployed; in Victoria
,4,000 or 5,000 more. In Seattle there
were over 20,000, in Taeoma 10,000,
'mul in Portland 20,000. America
'Wont to war for "domocracy" and
tkey got it—the democracy of injunctions, otc. The job was tho prop-
orty of tho boss, and lnbor power
\\'as a commodity; the returned men
'must realize this* and then they
wpuld understand how much nearer
they wero to peace than when they
wont to France.
MPwburn, "the military guy down
at Ottawa," had made a statement
that, in addition to the "yellow
legs," Canada required an army.
They were not Rotting recruits as
fast as thoy would like; so General
Mewburn was going to have a eon-
scrip] army in Canada, if he eould
get away with it. There was only
one way to avoid it—put someone
else U his job. (Applause.) If they
had not got peace, however, they
had got other things, mch as profiteering, of which the speaker gave*
Bome interesting details. In Great
Britain, they hod also fought for;
democracy; and they wore now on
In tho U. S. tho "American plan"
"was now esionymous with the
-4"Shies shop." M Chicago, howwer,
had reeently been formed a political
labor party of tho United States,
irrespective of religions or political
beliefs; and so thore was at least
hope for that country. In ffteat
Britain, the labor party now con-
trolled many municipal bodies, including the London county council.
So, here, the workers had got to get
cloWh and organize politically into
"one Wg political union." Strikes
wero no good; spasmodic political
was so good. Thev must vote
as one men, gust as tbey struck as
one man.
University Lectures on Economic!
at tbe ftwtbeifcoed House
By arrangement frith the University ot British Columbia, a course of
twelve lectures on economics will be
delivered by Professor Theodore H.
Boggs of the Department of Economies, at the Brotherhood House,
238 Abbott Street, on Wednesday
evenings at 8 p.m.
His Honor Justice Murphy will
'preside at the opening lecture, which
will take place oa the evening of
January 14, 1920.
No Fees will be charged for tht
The subjects treated will be aa follows:
.A.   Factor of production.
1. Labor.
2. Capital and land.
3. Management and organization.
B.   Exchange and value.
(Mechanism of distribution.)
*    Value.
International Trade.
Bent and profits,
Current topics.    .
Unemployment (crises).
Cost of living (pricos).
Protection, or industrial relations between labor and capital.
Tho lectures will be open to all
classes and it is hoped that every
One interested will take the Opportunity of attending the courso.
Mr. H. J. Gardiner, thc head Of
the Brotherhood House, statos that
ho hopes to mako arrangements for
other university extension lectures
to be given, but much will depend
upon the success attending this opening course.
Bronx, N. Y.—A housing situation
has developed in this section of the
Greater City of Now York hy which
8,000 eviction cases a month are
brought into the Bronx municipal:
court. Wild speculation is beifig indulged in hy rent profiteers—tyttu-
lation in some cases involving the
transfer of property eighteen or
twenty times within threo months.
A small group of 400 men—200 of
them speculators in real estate prop-1
erties and 200 lessees—is responsible]
for this rent gouging. The speculators make thcir money in buying and
soiling properties at abnormal profits
to tketetfMves, and the lessees by
renting entire buildings from these
speculators at almost any figure demanded, and then slapping on'an Increase of $1,000 or more which they
collect from their sub-tenants.
O. '
Pass The Federationist along and
help get new subscribers.
Honolulu.—The Japanese, government's tentative plan to "despatch
tho thirteenth division of the Japanese army to Siberia to stop tho
advance of the Bolsheviki eastward,
is meeting with opposition from tho,
Japanese people and press, according
to a statement made in a cable received by the Nippu Jiji, a Japan'
ese language newspaper.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Alwayi Dependable
"Ask the woman wko burai
929 Main Street
Phonos Be/mom lta. ut MI
tn Grub nni Clottrtf
V •   •
Known u tk*
• •  «
Co-operative Stor*
Is the Flaw
Wkere the Dollar. /
• #   *
Work for tk* Worker*
• *   •
i-ttn- ot Against —m.
It ia Part et tt*
• t  t s
N.w Bpirit Abttwd
AU Over tk* World Today '
• •   •
And Ton Cu Join With Vi.
top Shirk - ...Mil to MM
Vn&rwtar '.—KM to W.00
Overall*  i. |U0
Book* tbo to »L0O
Sweater* I&00 te IM.00
Mackinaw* .... HMO t* IM.00
Ugfen' BooU.._..|7.06 to HI
Dn»* Shoe* ..W.00 to HUM
Handkerekltf*..... S tot 11.00
And a —v_m in tht t—tM
41 Pmdet meet wm - ■■■
thnt key. its
f—m ler. ttl     -*_■ * RUM
Sam, Thoann » Olegy
TtJa—tAh stuofon'
MlttMMtM.  TttMtf*. &«
,a_—_f  »„_
uomw AM
Offering Unrivalled Values
in Men's Suits at Spencer's
We go into details about these men's suits, being convinced that they
afford any man who has a suit to buy an. opportunity to Becure value far
better than he could ordinarily obtain for his money.
same quality will be unprocurable in
the spring lor less than $47.50. Smart
dark brown cheeks in conservative sack
model with peaked lapel.
Grcy tweed of good, seasonable weight
A conservative model faultlessly tailored and trimmed with good, durable
WORSTED in dark grey ground and
contrasting pattern, beautifully worked out; is a splendid choice for a young
man preferring the waistline model.
Has slashed pockets and peak lapel
rolling artistically to two buttons.
MODELS—With soft rolling peaked lapels and slightly sloping pockets, are
available in a dark brown tweed
at $25.00
thc popular waist seam style. This
suit is made of a novelty tweed in a
heather mixture and combines all the
features demanded by a smart dresser.
is a pin-striped tweed with brown background and long rolling lapels, welted
slash pockets and the new' slightly
belted sleeve. A corking good buy.
—Men's Store, Main Floor.
Men's Overcoat Values That
Defy Competition
lower Prices on Some of the Snappiest Coats Shown Thia Season
$37.50 Values for $30.00
$42.50 Values for $35.00
$40.00 Values for $32.50
$35.00 Values for $27.50
It is no secret the kind of overcoats thc young men want these days. They arc wearing them—and so it is not surprising that wc are able to put our hands on thc snappy
styles they want, and with the aid of big orders pull off purchases that save our customers substantial sums.
Thc coats enumerated today as a case in point—
AN UNLINED RAC1I.AN in a groy Irish frieze, combining roominess and rase, with decided smart'
*"">■    Hog thc populnr slashed pockets and convertible collar with smartly cuffed sleeve.     Alto*
gether a vory smnrt coat and one we strongly recommend on tho scoro of value.
Sizes 36 to 42; regular $37.50 value for ,
A FIRST CHOICE with many young mon in an exceptionally styliBh cont of -dark brown tweed.
Made with detachable belt over the waist Ream. Thin ii a splendidly serviceable coat, tailored
fruitlessly and trimmed with a heavy silk lining. *Og aa
licgulnr price *42..r)0, for  * ..„   mfOOoWM
THK HUDSON WRAP which is popular with good dressers is another good buy for the man who
demands comfort with stylo. This coat Ib a Raglan model with high buttoning collar; aluh pock*
ot.i open through to permit access to thc underpockcts. Made of line Scotch frieze in a dark groy
■hade, affording tho maximum of warmth with a minimum of weight. Ait silk
trimmod.   Siaos 30 to 42.   Regular $40.00, for «
A DOUBLE-BREASTED BELTED ULSTERETTE in a brown tweed is a big value and one that is
bound to give satisfaction. Has a convertible collar and patch flap pockets; dura* Aapv Na
bly trimmed; sizos 36 to 48.   Regular $35.00 for. ...... ,.,-..-.^tt-,rr,^,„,„!„_,-„„„„ ,__.mp4 / tDU
National Raincoats for Men
Thoso an tweed coats, proofed witb good livo rubbor and sorvo tho dual purposo of raincoat
and overeoat.   Cut in tho Kaglan stylo and prcsonUaf a very COB AA
•mart appoaranco  - ^ —  .. — WaO.UU
A Christmas
Greeting to All
Our Patrons
What Is Wrong With the labor Parties?
******   • ******    ******   ******. ■ ******    ******
Political Power in the industrial Field
FBIDAY .December 26, Mill
B. P. Jennings, president of the
LAigh Machine company of Leighton, Pa., has arid *4,500,000 worth
of printing presses to Soviet Bessie, but he has not ben ablo to get
permission from tho atate depart-
aent to ship the gooda.
As a business maa, Jennings is
angiy- He declares that the state
ia£o*—ant haa no warrant for tak-
ing part in the British and French
Ueekade against Busaia, at a time
when, as ho claims, the Britiah gov.
eminent is negotiating with a Soviet diplomat, Litvinolf, ia Copenhagen, for the resumption of British
trade with the Soviets.
The aetivities of tho Lush committee in raiding Soviet commercial
agents' ofices in New York he describes as being chiefly dictated by
oae Nathan, a secret service agent
of the British embassy, thia being
part of a campaign to slow up American trade until the British have taken the cream of the Bussian market.
'' German and English manufacturers," says Jennings in a letter to
the New York Times, "are both an-
xiouB to got a very substantial
amount of tho Buasian buainess, and
the diplomacy with Bussia for tho
last six to sine months is not sueh
as would be to the beat interests of
the American manufacturer, the
American financial interests or tho
Amorican people."
Tho mayor of Minneapolis hns had
to tako a decided stand against tho
lawlessness of the lawand-order
crowd. It's funny the way Satnr
is always trying to parade iu angel
ic costume.
Patronize Fed. advertiser!.
Vaneoaver Unions
OODWIb—rnsMMit, T. 8." MI«lW;
VtowwUmt, I. Vrineh; tttnurj, }. C.
Who; trMouar, J. Ska*; uffMat-at-
assu, W. A. Assassin; tnstna, W. A.
riMart, J. MenksD, H. 3. rritakari,
dl—Mmu anl Heataj la Us
ssaatt. FrwiiMI. i. t. VcOsaaiU; MC-
tahwt, M. H, Hwlaoia, P. 0. Boi ee.
sal liklmri Inawwkirs, Ueal »7
. MMta SMoae aad lourth Montajs.
Tn.lle.t Jm. Untie,.: •■•new ■•«•
nten aad treaaanr, Ref Hiuecsr, Roan
Ul Later Tinplo.	
iacal No. el7—MMs  ...ty   seeond
aad twsrtt Moadar malar, I o'clock,
InlMr Templo. ProiMool, 3. Roid; ■•«•
ntait, 1.1. Tnaola, UU Georfla Eaat;
Willi kfiat ud aotnelsl lecretarr,
f. 0. Tkon, Roon Mi Labor Tuple.
thta. lor. 74M.
*H—»ooU   at   CM   Paader    Start
Wast,   im   Mo.br,   •   ••■•   *"•!■
dead, a. 1. Woodoldo. 4<» >.nder V.;
Erdtar soenlarr. J. Hudook, ddO Taa-
Start Waal; laaaelal itcnMrj aad
son afoot.   R.   H.   Morriion,   440
Poador RiM Weal; aselelaol lecrelarr,
a. a. lmuws. •
Salt at Ibo t. R. U— Voolloie eurj
Moadar, 7:10 p.m., Labor Templo.   Pro-
■Heat,  P.  L. Haat; iicreUrr-lroanror,
¥. A. Aleiander, Room 210, labor Tela-
fto.   Phone, BorSioar .jaoo.	
rorreependiac aeerelarr, W. Lee,
Roosi »0T Labor Temple,	
Caipealeriv-MeeU Room 80T every
tnd and 4lk Tutsdajr in esck monk.
Presidont, J. W. .Wilkinson; reeordlnc
■oirelarr, W. J. Johnston, 73—SClk Ave.
W.; fliuielal eecretarr, H. A. MeedomlJ,
Room 2la Labor Teeaple.
Enplojeel, Pioneer DieUleo, Hs. 101
—Meete A. O. f. Mall, Mount Pleasant.
lit and Srd Moadsri al 10.lt a.m. aad 7
p.m. Preildent, W. II. Cottrell; reeordlnc
■eerelirr, P. E. GrlRa, 5410 Connerelal
Drive; treuorer, E. a. Cleveland;
flnineiil lecntirr and baslnees acent,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clerk Drln; of lee
corner Prior aad Main etreete.
(Teamsters, Wirekouietnoa, Aoto Me-
cblniei, etc.)—Meete every Wednesday
at 15t Cordora Street East. Preildent,
J. Sbaw; secretary, 0. A. Read, 2344
Princo Edward Street. OBce: 1S2 Cor
dova Street Eut.
Moots lait Sunday of eaek montk kt
2 p.m. President, w. H. Jordan; vice-
president, W. H. Youhill; eecretarr
Ireasaror, R. H. Roelandi, Boi N.
Provincial Unions
ployees, Loul 28—Mule every Int
Wednesday in tke noatk at 2:30 p.n.
aad every tklrd Wodaeadiy in Ike qoath
al f p.m. Prosldent, Jokn Cummlnfs,
■oeroury and bootless iceat, A. Oroham.
OBce aad niellaf kail, C14 Pender St.
W. Pkoae Boy. ltll. OBce koars, I
am. to C ta. ^^
en' Union—Meete 2nd and dtk ttt-
dayl, 208 Ubor Temple. Presldoat, W.
Wilson, 2232 OranviUe Slroot; secretory-
troasarer, B. J. Basil, 244—281b Avo. 1.
Ualon ol Ibe One Bl| Union—ARIIlled
witb I. 0. Pederatloa af Labor and
Vaneoaver Tradu and Labor Cornell—
Aa lnduitrlil onion of sll workera la
leu—t aad eoutraetloa campe. Head-
•airters, 01 Cordova Street West, Van-
Saver, B. C. Pkoae Sey. 7I6C, E.
Wlneh, ncritlry-treuorer; lege! sdvll-
m. Maun. Bird, Macdonald t Co., Van-
naver, B. 0.; aadllan, Main, Batlar
A Ohtane, Vaauavor, B. 0.	
Association, Lout 38-52—Office aad
haU SOC Pender Stnet Welt. MeeU
Int and tklrd Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary.
Treasurer, Thomu Nlien; Businsss
Acont.  Robert Ralsbeek.
Batcher Workmen's Ualon No. 848—
Mull Int and tklrd Tuesdiyi of eich
noatk. Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Preeldent,
W. V. Timley, 1838 Powell St.; reeordlnc iecretary, Wllliim Oil*., Station B.
P. 0. Vaneonver; Ininclel iecretary md
Dullness agoat, T. W. Andinon, 617
Homer Bt.
ers' Unit of tbe One Big Union, Metal
llferous Miners—Vincouver, B. C-. head-
tauten. 81 Cordova Stroot Wut. All
workers engaged In this Industry an
arged lo loin tko Union before going on
Iko Job. Don't wait ' '
alfinise younelf.
: lo bo organ!
North Amirlck (Vincouver and violator)—Branch meete second and fourtfc
Monday!, Room 204 Lkbnr Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, lis Tenth Ave. Nortk
Vancouver; ftnineial iecretary, B. God-
lard, t&l Richards Street; recording seeretary, J, D. Ruuill, 228 Commercial
Drive,   Pkoae Hlgk, 220411
rulenon, I.L.A., Loul Union ISA,
Swill 6—Meets tke 2nd end dtk Prldiyi
Id tko montk, Lakor Tomple, 8 p.m.
Pruldent, George Msniell; financial iecretary  aad  hooknose  event,   M.  Phelps;
In annual eonvention la January. Ea-
calivo oHurs, 1118-lt: Preildeal, J,
Kavanagk, Labor Temple, Vaneouvw;
vlee-pruidinls—Vincouver Inland: Can*
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prlnu Rnpert, Geo. Ouey; Vaneoaver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. MeDeemill; Now Weil-
mlmlir, On, McMurphy; Wut Roots-
nar, Bftrerton, T. B, Roberta; Crow'i
Nul Pui, W. B. PklUlpi, Fernie, W. A.
Skermaa. Soeretary-treuurer, A, 8.
Weill, Ubor Temple, 401 Duasmalr It,
Vaneoover, B. C,
aad Labor Coaaell—Meets Int aad
tklrd Wedaeediys, Knighu af Pytfclu
Hall, North Park Street, al S p.m. Pruldent, E. 8. Woodsworth; vice-preiident,
A, 0, Pike; iicretiry-treuurer, Cbriitlla
Blvirtl, P. 0, Boi 802, Victoria, B, 0,
en, Local 1777—Meets Int aad Iklrl
Mondays la I. 0. 0. F. HaU, Lower Kieth
Roid Eut, at S p.n. President, W.
Camming!, loth Street Eut, North Van*
uaver; Inindil eeentary, Arthur Roe,
310— 13th SI. W., North Vancouver.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meete every leeond and fonrtb Tuesday la tko 0, B. U.
Hall, corner Siith avenne and Pulton
strut, at S p.n. Meetings opon lo all 0.
B. U. nemben. Seeretary-treuurer, D.
Uncle Tom saya: After all, it's
the workingmen who put tho loot in
"plute." Whenever they mako up
their minds they cnn tako the swag
out of the bosses' swagger.
Buenos Aires.—Tho city of Mar
del Plata, situated on tho enst coast
of Argentina, and having a populntion of 30,000, will hnve a Socialist
mayor as a result of the municipal
elections hold in tho province of
Buenos Aires on November 30. Socialist candidates for eouneilmcn
will hold tho balance of power in
the new council, whieh will eloct a
mnyor. This will be the first Social-
its mnyor ever elected in South
Two labor men were elected on
tho school board and one to tho
council.in the recent Cnlgary elections.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing ebeap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
It is evident that in B. G. andf
iu other parts of this continent organized labor ia not at present interested in politics. It has sow been
nearly two years since the F. L. P.
was launched In the Vancouver La*
bor Temple with promises of rapid
growth. Today its activities are expressed by a few small groups whose
function is mainly limited to propaganda. Organized labor does not
officially or otherwise endorse this
or any other political party at present.
In spite of this there has been no
period when political action has been
more -demanded and at no time has
labor been as mentally alert as at
What is the reason for these apparently conflicting attitudes!
In the first placo the workers ex
perienco has not been encouraging
in its parliamentry efforts and this
is true of thiB province especially.
Many have also been convinced
that running elections is a special
game of the employing class and not
of workers. In Ottawa today no less
than seventy-two lawyers are in parliament representing the corporations, and the majority of those
makers and dispensers of law and
order are themselves shareholders
in the Canadian Bank Trust and
other profiteering institutions.
The corporations hold most of the
trump cards in the political game
and being in power can make or unmake these cards to order.
Another reason why political parties do not attract labor at present
is beeause the workers are decidedly
busy in the industrial field. They
arc busy not to mueh in trying to
improve their position as in striving
to hold what they have and in this
they are fast losing ground owing to
the increasing eost of living.
Probably another important reason
for labor inactivities in politics is
because many of its ablest spokesmen are feeling that after all political action and power are not now
confined to parties and the ballot
box and tbat the real citadel of power instead of being the political state
is in reality vested in the machinery
of wealth production. Some consider
that the history of the Paris Commune, that the recent events in Russia and Hungary father supports this
Now if -tho capitalist class is master of the franchise and the means
of wealth produetion and the industrial field is the thing of real value
why waste timo and energy in making politicians* Why not concentrate
our efforts in organizing "On the
job" in order to capture economic
power, seeing that production for
use can alone lead mankind to peace
and plenty!
This may be I. W. W.-ism; it may
constitute the revolutionary hams i>
"Criminal Syndicalism," but th'
fact is that this idea-of political
power, whether right or wrong,
attracting the attention of. more
every day and these are some reasons for this view:
Function ef Oorernaent ind Btate
After all what constitutes government and the politieal state! Would
they be of any value to labor after
they were captured!
Tho analysis of political and social institutions which has withstood
alike the attacks of friends und foes
and whieh today is a searchlight
amid the world's darkness and confusion was first published by Karl
Marx and Fredrick Enguls in thcir
'' Communist Manifesto "in 1848,
which was elaborated later in '' Socialism, Utopiam and Scientific,"
The political parties which are today centres of study in Marxian economics and socialism are building
on the rock, and those which aro
trusting to compromise and vote-
catching are taking tho broad road
to reaction and discord.
Mut industrial conflicts in Britain,
Canada and the U. S. A, have taught
the workers more regarding the true
functions of government in the last
few months than propaganda has
taught them in a generation.
We know now that from Washington and Ottawa to Winnipeg and
Vancouver that the governing bodies
today represent rent, interest und
profit, and not the working classes.
These governments and councils incidentally function socially as well
as for tho capitalist class, thoy may
superintend the maintenance of
parks, roads, schools and jails, tbey
may likewise be tempted to nationalize "White elephant" railroads
such aa we have in B. C, but we
know that the special function of
the state is to hand everything worth
while over to the corporations, which
they represent and to protect privato proporty in the means of lifo.
This should be self-evident and yet
many "labor leaders" are censoring
the state for not "furnishing jobs"
and gratuities for the unemployed
subjects and returned men and for
defending the proporty interest
which they are paid to roprcsent.
The master who first ordered one
slave to wield thc lash on the quivering back of another was the prototype of the modern ruling class and
In this first slave -driver was tho em-
broyo which through the ages of evo-
lution has grown to the mighty governments of the modern world, the
armies and navies, the police forces,
the judges, juries and jailors and
hangmen of our empires.
Government, the Organlted Pom to
In that great little word thc
Communist Manifesto" we road
what experience has shown us, "that
political power is merely organized
power of one class for oppressing
another." In an interview between
Lenine and the United Press in Budapest by wireless last July this great
teacher and demonstrator of Marxian
Socialism said, "All governments
with the exception of Soviet government rest upon the deception and
oppression of the masses." It has
been proved that the governments of
Britain, U. 8. A. and Canada are today rostiag on the shifting sand of
ignorance aid brute force some times
legalized hy orders in council and
court Injunctions.
Now the faet is that the fathers
of scientific Socialism never suggested that political powor waa confined
to polities or that only the "com*
mim1 ity struggle" takes place on the
indmtrial field. They tell ua Aat
"the history of mankind linen tribal relation-tripe were broken up is a
hiittory of claas itruggle, contests
between exploited and exploiters."
[By W. J. Curry.]
Tet in these ancient elass waiS for
political power, there were no pplil
cl parties and no ballots.
Anothor reason why labor
so keen on assailing the political
stute is because many do not belflte
that the political state could function in an industrial democracy seeing that it is mainly the instrument
for oppressing the workers. .The
"Communist Manifesto" soys that
labor will somo day '' seize politieal
power and trim tho means of capitalist production into state property
but in-ho doing the proletariat abolishes itself and abolishes the state
as an instrument of oppression,
How this political power will be
seized our authors do not suggest, although we do know how the bourgeoisie threw down the feudal lords.
Now if the state is going to die out
almost as soon as it is captured, what
is the ubo of building a political machine only' to have it discarded!
These are some reasons why many
industrialists hold that organization
on the job is the important thing and
they point to the soviot of Bussia,
the shop stewards of Britain and
the 0. B. U, constitution aa repre.
senting various steps in the development of tho industrial .state and republic.
Instoad of a collection of corporation lawyers and business speculators
as we havo today, the government
or administration of the new social
order will be composed of men and
women directly elected by, and representing the various industries and
soeial service departments ef the
communities, states or nations. Instead of being based on organized
ignorance and brute force, the industrial commonwealth will have for
its object, human welfare and equal
opportunities and freedom for all.
The democracies of today are hideous frauds.
Why Political Parties ire Essential
But labor must develop the political machine. Our model for Canada
must be Britain and Australia rather
than Buasia. We are accustomed
here to parliamentary methpdB and
wc will always use these if wo are
permitted to do so, even anarchist
meetings and conventions decide
thcir questions by ballot or show of
hands. We need a political machine,
because we must have a correct method of recording the understanding
and demands of the peoplo and!too
vast majority of the peoples iue
workers who have thc ballot, ev«v,{f
they are ignorant, at present,:,of
their class position and real interests, [(ft j ;r
We know that the basis of , tlie
new industrialism is political in. its
aim. The polls are the places iffcejc
organized and unorganized labor qaa
meet, where the proletarians und'^e
fport of all workers of hand and
brain including the fanner and the
returned man. The issues are becoming clearer every day. Thero is only
one enemy—Capitalism and Production for Profit. Their objective must
be production for use. The collective ownership and democratic management of the means of wealth production to provide for the stranition
stage. There must be political and
economic reforms proposed and these
with the greatest economic objective,
become a revolutionary programme
that will win.
We must ever remember that political power is held by the exploiters by reason of the divisions and
organized ignorance imposed by that
cIosb on the workors, that when this
"perverted egoism" especially of
the forces behind tho state is abolished and these soldiers and policemen refuse to longer to oboy thoir
masters and go over te tho masses
as they did in Bussia and Qermany,
the political revolution is accomplished and this process is not far
The first problem for the workers
will than be to hold their gains to
consolidate their power, to prove
that thy are capable of ruling, and
that this programme of industrial
democracy and production for uso is
practical and for the common good.
In the last analysis there is only
one enemy, ignorance; only one savior, understanding, and the lash of
poverty and oppression is driving
the masses to understanding and ac*
The time ia ripe and rotten ripe
for chauge.
Tho man of God arose and.said,
Come let us kneel and pray.
For while the blind are easy led
Tho eherch must point thc way.
To streets of gold and pearly pates
And promise hy and by
The poor shall have excursion rates
To mansions in the sky.
Now some there come his works to
When, on thc Sabbath day
Ho preached salvation full and free,
To make religion pay.
And said to those with little hore,
In future worlds invest,
That some may read their title clear,
The devil take the rest.
In time of stress he cried be good;
That your reward be great;
The rich to do the best they could—
The poor to pay the freight.
He catered to the powers of greed
With heart and hands unclean;
Ignored thc truth and failed to heed
The light that burns unseeu.
In holy writ he sought to find
What trials the 'rich endure.
Must they not leave their wealth
How different with the poor.
To a hungry slave a tract he gnvo
aristocrats of labor con unit* land \Ani, lor the raaater's sake,
only ignorance divide them. <{ b\c-
Btricted aa the ballot iB, in spi(e of
tho fraudulent methods of tho, .mr-
porations, puppots at Ottawa aad _n
our city councils, labor can, if properly organizod gain at any time a
sweeping victory at tho polls, j Wc
havo only to consider the success of
labor in Australia, in Queensland in
particular. The success of the British laboritCB, and the recent victory
of tho farmer and laborite of On.
tario to realize that the ballot box
is the correct method for us.
True, labor is engrossod at present in looking after jobs and wtigcs,
but there are political snags just
ahead. Evon the A. F. of L. has recently had a a violent collision with
the politieal powers of American
plutocracy just as organized labor
in Canada and in England have had
the same experience. This political
power must be conquered by labor.
This becomes plainer every day.
Tho fact that the political stato
will "die out" under the rule of tho
workers is no excuse for ignoring
this machinery of power by which
the master's class is now able to
rulo and rob its subjects. It is- a
fnct also that most of tho industries
of today, the machinery of exchange,
of trade and commerce of militarism* will also bo abandoned undor
the control of the workers. But nature knows no sudden jump. Tho
chick grows within the shell. Thero
is the transition period, tho dusk of
clsss rule, the dawn of Socialism.
Besides this, counter revolutions may
have to be conquered. A working
class dictatorship will be essential
to enforce tho "law and order" of
the labor state. Becauso of this a
strong state may bo necessary to
combat reaction, to compel capitalism to disgorge and to put tho enemies of "constituted authority"
where they will cause no trouble.
Working class scditionists may be
freed and others put in thcir placo.
Another reason for parliamentary
action ia this: The workers may be
organ-ixed to work under the lash;
but who can say the wage-earners
of Canada are today lit to administer the complex machinery of
production or to steer the ship of
stato in the stormy times to comcf
To avoid chaos and terrorism tho
workers of this and every country
At this time muat have men of
strength, men with the international
outlook, men wbo understand and
who arc fearless, men must be touted end disciplined to rule and jaa-
minister and this can only eome from
experience. The greater the politieal
and administrative experience on tho
part of the labor the easier and
quicker will bo tho change. Tho parliamentary field must not onljr,.)>o
the machine to record tho political
power and the will of tho common
people but it must also be tho achool
whore the new international of the
workers will be developed, just as it
is boing developed today in the industrial aad co-operative Holds.
The two old political parties are
being repudiated and detested more
every day. Thoy both Btand for tho
same thing exploitation. The workers of B. 0. ud of Western Canada
ean in twelve months develop a political machine, which together will
correct propaganda will give them
control and it ean he done 01 a
practical progressive, popular platform, with a clear out revolutionary
objective. It is time for overy true
labor man and trae patriot to get
busy. Provincial parties ara necessary. A eonvention composed of men
aaa women representing every radical organization et workers should
be ealled to meat, tay at Winnipeg
and a Canadian labor party should
be launched. This platform should
bo bioad enough to enlist the sup-
His precious soul he. sought to save;
A better slave to make.
He warned thc rich with thcir con.
By pointing up through space;
He bid tho poor their sins repent
And keep their propor place.
He pictured all tho joys of life
In this enlightened age;
Then banished discontent and strife
By turning o 'or the page.
Such miracles as thoso ho wrought
For dollars on tho plate;
But what thc man of sorrows taught
Spells treason to the.stato.
Then let a ransomed world rejoice,
The priee is being paid
By men who rocognize the voice-
God's middle man obeyed.
A Glasgow Sweatshop
A scene that might have been a
riot but for tho intervention of two
labor councillor, took place last
week in Glasgow outsido the hall in
which the shareholders of a large
cotton and thread works wore considering a scheme to increase the
capitnl by giving tho owners a bonus
of 7,300,000 pounds from reserves,
with option of acquiring another at
par. Outside, tho sweated workers
of thc factory earried a resolution
approving of nationalization and
telling speeches wero made by the
womon employed by tho firm, in
which thoy gave particulars of their
wages. As the shareholders left tho
hall they wcro greeted aa "shirkers" and "profiteers" and the demonstrators aang the Bed Flag,
Milwaukee, Wis.—Victor Berger,
Socialist enndidate for congross
from Ihe Fifth Wisconsin district,
was re-elected by a majority of
4,806 votos ovor Henry H. Boden-
stab, tho fusion candidate. Berger
was formerly eleeted to congress
from the fifth district, but congress
refused to seat him. Tho special
election wns callod by Governor E.
L, Phillips to fill the vacancy caused by congress' refusal to admit
Berger. Berger 'b total vote was 24,-
367, while his opponent recoived
only W,5U1.
Alex. Eowatt, president of the
Kansas district of the United Mino
Workers, was thrown into jail Monday to answer eharges of violating
tho government's anti-strike injunction. On Tuesday, sovontoon mines,
involving 3,000 miners, went on
strike and in tho afternoon the president wos released.
Deportation Scandals in
Australia Are Now
[By W. Francis Ahem]
When the time comes to give a
complete hiBtory of tho treatment
accorded internees in the government camps in Australia, thoso responsible will have good cause to
hang their heads in shame.
For tho past few weeks, the writer has been engagod in collecting in-
formation concerning the administration of tho internment camps for
publication and tho material now at
hand, backed up by documentary
evidence, is of such a nature that
indicates that Prussianism and barbarity wasn't the sole monopoly of
When ,soveral weeks ago, many of
tho persons interned in Australia as
"dangerous" subjects were released
every effort was mado to see that
they did not carry out with thom
from tbe camps anything that might
be used against the military authorities of Australia. All records, diaries, letters and written matter was
confiscated, tho men wero stripped
and searched, and they were turned
looso minus anything thoy might
have had on them which eould be
used against the govornment responsible for their internment. But it
has to bo said that this action was
anticipated, with the result that all
the records likely to be of use, left
the camps, through trusted hands,
many weeks before the men were
released. There exists in certain
safo deposits and safes throughout
Australia todny, records of a highly
startling nature which will be written for publication in due time.
Every barbarity perpetrated on tho
internees by the military authorities
haB beon carefully tabulated, backed
up by proof, photographs, etc.,—onough to make a goodly volume of
the most interesting reading, and a
crushing indictment of tho "civilized" methods of the anti-labor government of Australia during wartime.
Thc public are going to learn, in
all good time, the story of what happened in the internments camp. at
Holdsworthy, New South Wales —
whero herded during tho wnr. There
will be stories of the shooting of
men by military guards,' tho brutal
treatment handed out to the wounded men, the throwing of sonseless,
bleeding bodios over tho fences of
tlie concentration camp, there to bo
kieked into further insensibility—if
such was possiblo—by thc vicious,
jack-booted military officers, the
starving of the men in the enmp, thc
preference shown to those possessing
wealth, the cheap labor methods
whereby manual labor was recompensed at the magnificent rate of 6
cents per hour, the callousness displayed townrds internees in order to
humiliate thcin on every possible occasion, and the "treat 'cm rough"
methods which resulted in tho death
of nearly 100 internees during tho
influenza opidemic.
It would, of courso, be impossiblo
to deal in detail with nil that happened in the internment' camps in
Australia during the war. But ono
or two sidelights can bc Instaaced
hero to show the kind of justice thnt
protruded from thc minds of the
military nnd political junkers of
Australia. Tako the regulations governing the visiting of internees by
thoir Austrnlian wives and children,
and of which the writor has firsthand knowledge. A long room was
set apart as a visiting chamber.
Down the centre of this room was a
close-meshod wire partition; on
either side a wide table and board
seats.. The interned men sat on ono
side, and tho wives and children on
the other. They could converse with
each other ,it is true, under tho eyes
of tho guards. But oven so littlo a
concession as a handshake was denied them. The writor has conversed
with men who woro interned there,
whoso eyes filled with tears whon
they related how their pleas to kiss
the'baby faces of their own children
wore rejected with scorn. But the
wealthy internees wore not so treated. They were allowed privileges denied to the poorer internees. Some
of them were even allowed out of
tho camp on parole to transact
"business" at various times .
Tho deportation methods were not
the least of thc many gravo scandals
associated with this business. Many
heart-breaking accounts could be
told of men torn from their wives
and children and shipped aboard
vessels for tranapoi lation to the end
of the world. Many of them could
not oven speak tho German language
—having camo to Australia in their
infant days. Many of them had married Australian women and reared
up Australian families, yet they wore
parted, and whilo the wives and children wcro left in Australia, tho husbands and fathers wero shipped to
Germany. Many of them so deported were not even Germans. Ono at
least was an Irishman, speaking tho
rick brogue of the Emerald Isle. Another who was deported in mid-October was Paul Freeman, whom the
Australian government triod twice—
unsuccessfully—to deport to Amorica
on the score that ho was an American. Now tha Australian government has decided that ho is a Gorman, and off he has gone to Germany, though ho is no more a Ger-
A Joyous Christmas
a Happy and Prosperous
New Year
The Jonah-Prat Co.
About 100S Mrs. Pankhurst and*trayod their cause. Although plodgos
her followers were persuaded that
more aggressive methods wore necessary. Tho tactics of "peaceful
militancy" pursued for some fivo
years, included recourse to the time-
honored custom of heckling public
speakers, especially Cabinet ministers; the opposing of candidates at
by-elections; gigantic processions;
deputations and petitions to Parliament; to the Prime Minister and
to others; and an ingeniously varied
miscellany of sensational propagandist activities carried on" by methods
that frequently resulted in disturbances of the peace and brought
many women to jail, Thc fate of
the suffrage bills Introduced into
Parliament up to 1912, was taken by
Mrs. Pankhurst and tho Women's
Soeial and Politieal Union as proof
that the government had deliberately and repeatedly triekod and be-
from a majority of mombers of Parliament to support equal suffrage
had bcen. secured, the Cabinet was
hostile. Thore resulted a decision
to inaugurate a "Women's Bovolution." The suffragette incitements
to violenco had their effect, eountry
houses, club houses, railway stations,
lumber yards, grand stands and
churchei were fired; raco courses
and golf links damaged; letters in
the pillar boxes destroyed by acids,
and bombs exploded. Offences from
window smashing to arson beeame go
common as to bring some thousand
women to jail in 1913.
One would think that the abovo
was an account of happenings in
Bussia. On tke contrary it is thc
International Encyclopedia account
of some of the activities of Mn.
Pankhurst. Who said Bolshevism!—
Butte Bulletin.
"How to Make
People like
GIVING a silver lining to every former
smoke-time cloud. A cheery, pally
puller for optimism, that "sets to" and
makes good "firat jump out of the box.','
The kind of cigar a fellow can pack along
with him 'proving the correspondence
course on "How to make people like you"
—unnecessary. A regular fellow—the
VAN LOO Cigar.
Stettler Cigar Factory
Ltd., Vanconver, EC.
man than the writer is. Many others
again were deported simply because
they woro mombers of the I. W. W.
Tho injustices associated with the
internment and deportation of aliens
in Australia arc such that no democratic country worthy of the namo
can over forgot. And the historic
account of what happened in those
internment camps in Australia during the war, when it iB published,
will brand Australia as a country
which mado a very good attempt to
inculcate all the spirit of Prussian
Junkerism and Kaiserism as wo were
led to believe existod in Germany
prior to, and during thc war,
Why They Are Pluming
A Swiss political writer, Maurice
Millioud (by Universal Press Service cable), is authority for the
statement that the Fioume controversy is explainod by these {acts;
That, an Anglo-Aniorican shipping
combine with a capital of (35,000,-
000 is endoavoring to get a monopoly of Fiume harbor to control Adriatic commerce; that an American
concern has already obtained exclusive operating rights on the Serbo-
Croat-Slovene railways, but that tho
Roumanian government refused a
similar proposition. The Vacuum Oil
Company (a Standard Oil subsidiary) recently contracted with thc
Czccho-Slovak government to operate all tho territory of this now
self-determined nation, but again
Standard Oil was refused the same
monopoly control of tho Roumanian
oil fields.
Control of the Serbian and Roumanian railways means control of
the Orient express, and thereby con
trol of the land transport between
tho Black Sea and most of Europe.
Control of these rallwaya means the
chance to concentrate the entire
trade of Eastern Europe via Fiume
and the Adriatic.
This is given as the explanation
of the insistence upon giving Kla-
gonfurt, the railwny key point, to 1
Serbia; because in thia way tho Austrian commorco ean be eut off from
Triesto in favor of Fiume,
This  eable  states   that   Colonel
Houae f avorod giving Fiume to Italy .
but was overruled, "thanka to tke '
efforts of Warburg and other finan- :
clal combines."   Also, the leader of
the party of Fiume autonomists has I
bcen an agent of the Vacuum, JN1
Company   (Gotthardi).    A Serbians
Fiume or an autonomous Fiume will I
nerve the purpose of this plan, but 1
not an Italian Fiume.
Whethor this statement is correct
in detail we cannot say. But what
is certain enough from the diplomatic history of a generation Is that
this is just exactly the kind of eon-
torversy which is at tho bottom of
all questions of revision of bounda- J
ries and of "self-determination," as1
viewed by the Allied imperialists.— .
Butte Bulletin.
Aak your grocer If Ms clerks art I
in the unioni
Worken' Liberty Bond Button
ue lined to every purchaser of -
bond. Have yon got youn yet
behind a button ud ahow that yoi
are willing to help all yon ean thet
defense of the men arrested is Win-
10 Sub. Cards
Good fer one jtsr's inbicriptlon to Tkt
B. 0. FederatlM.it, will ba mailed to
any addreu in Canada for 917,50.
(Oood anywhere oatiide of Vanconver
city.) Order tea today. Bcmlt whea told,
Compliments of the
to All
We are well prepared to supply your needs
on returning to work.
Our stock of mackinaw shirts is the largest
and best in the city, from $9.00. Mackinaw
Coats from $12.50.
Stanfield's Underwear, heavy, a suit, $6.00
Loggers' Boots $12.00 and $13.50.
and 444 Main Street fBIDAT...——December 26, 1919
eleventh YEAB. No. si    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vkjmrrrts, & a
One Man, One Bunk!      Sanitary Camps!      8-Hour Day!       No Scabs!
The Lumber Workers Industrial Unit
Why Was It Organized?
Because the employers flagrantly ignored the laws
relating to the health, safety and well being of the
workers in camp and mill. - j
Because whenever it was a question of the work-
ers' well being or the employers profit it was always
the former that was sacrificed.
Because the Provincial Government departments
haVe failed to secure the general enforcement of the
laws professedly passed for the protection of the
Because in the lumber industry—one of the most
important in the Dominion—the conditions under
which the workers lived and worked were,too degraded to be borne any longer by human beings hav?
ing any degree-of self respect
Because there were more fatal accidents in this industry than in any other.
Because until the union was formed not one per
cent, of the camps and mills lived up to the legal requirements.
> '
Because the workers demand an 8-hour day.  j
' :-   " ' XV"',
Because, individually, the lumber worker is powerless to improve his condition. miem-.
Who organized and who control sthe unioni The
workers theriiselves!1 * '      "'' '
The objective is a membership of 60,000 who will
see that the laws relating to the protection of the
workers are lived up to.
British Columbia
1. Every employer of labor on
any work in any lumbering, mining, construction, or othor camp,
sawmill, or other industry situated
in any portion of an organized district, shall, upon the establishment
of each and overy camp or work,
forthwith notify tho sanitary inspector of tho provinee of the establishment of the same, and when requested to do so shell furnish such particulars as may be required by the
said inspector.
2. The owner, manager, agent, or
foreman of any lumbor, mining, or
other c<mp, sawmill, or other industry located within an unorganized
district, shnll, in ' 'conneotlon with
overy such industry or works, be
responsible for the execution and enforcement of any'regulations herein
contained or hereafter to be adoptod*
3. If in the Opinion of the sin1
t.iry inspector the site of any camp
or works is unhenliby or unsanitary,
ho mny order tho removal of such
cump or works to some other site
to bo selected by hia.
4. Any house, tent, op dwelling
occupied by the employee! engaged
in any Industry located within an
organised district ahall contain sufficient cubic feet of air space for
evory occupant thereof as may in
each Instanco be deemod necessary
by tho sanitary inspector, and ahall
..further be provided with efficient
means of ventilation. The floor of
every dwelling shall be constructed
of boards or plenka or other material
equally suitable for the purpose,
raised on supports at least one foot
from the ground, and so made that
it shall ba tight   Every  dwelling
" othor than a temporary tent shall be
lighted by windows so constructed
tha^ thoy can be opened when necessary.
- 6. Tho method of ventilation of
overy dwelling in which a stove or
furnace is shall he auch as will satisfy tho sanitary inspector. The tern-
, perature of the room ahall be maintained at from 60 to 65 degrees Fahr.
and a shallow pan supplied with
water shall be kept on the stove
to supply air moisture.
0. Every camp or works of every
industry coming under thoae regulations ahall be equipped with a
wash-houso or laundry containing a
stove and tubs or shower bath fer
bathing purposes.
7. Every camp or worka shall be
supplied with a building or tent pro.
porly constructed and set apart al
a kitchen, and having a dining rooto
in conneetion therewith, with proper
conveniences for the cleanliness and
comfort of tbe employees.
8. Proper receptacles must be
kept an hand into which all refuse,
whether liquid or solid, must be
placed, end such refuse must be regularly destroyed by fire or removed
to a safe distance from any building and bo so deposited ea aot to
creato a nuisance or contaminate the
drinking water.
9. Latrines, earth, or other closets
must be locatod, constructed,' and
maintained in u manner satisfactory
to the said sanitary inspector or
medical health officer.
10. Stables in connection with
any camp or works must be located
ns not to contaminato tho water supply, and must, not bo less' then 125
feet distant from any dwelling or
kilchen. This distance may be increased at tlie discretion of the sanitary inspector or any medical health
11. The wnter supply of any
camp or works must be uncontamin-
uted aud obtained from a source satisfactory to. tho sanitary inspector
or medical health officer.
13. Printed copies of theee regulations may be obtained from the
sanitary inspector.
13. Should the sanitary inspector
find that any of these regulations
aro not complied with, ho may,
whoro necessary, take stops to on-
force them, and the expense of such
notion shall be paid by tho employor
or his egent.
14. Tho penalties contained and
providod in section 111 of tho
"Health Aet" shall apply to tho violation! of any of thoso regulations.
15. The sanitary inspector may,
whero deemed nocossary, obtain the
services of any provincial constable
or constables to assist him in the
performance of his duties and to aid
ia tho enforcement of thoae regulations, j
1. Every employer of labor
any work in any lumbering, mining,
conetruction or other camp, sawmill,
or other industry situated in any
portion of Saskatchewan, shall upon
the'establishment of each and every
oamp and work forthwith notify the
commissioner of public health of the
eame and annually thereafter upon
a date to be fixed by the commissioner, givon particulars as required
by the schedule attached,
2. The term "oamp" as used in
these regulations means any lumbering, mining, railway construction,
threshing or other camp where twenty or more men are employed and
housed in temporary quarters; such
aa can, tents; buildings or other enclosures other than the bona fide
homes of the employeos and shall for
tho purpose of these regulations have
tho same meaning aa "house" in the
publie health aet.
3. Every camp shall be located
on' a rite Aat shall be selected with
regard to its healthfulness and if
the site of any camp shall be found
to be unsanitary or unhealthful such
drainage or other improvements as
may be necessary in the opinion of
any health officer authorised by the
commissioner of public health to inspect such camps shall upon the order of such health officer be mado
4. If it shall be found impracticable to make such improvements as
shall render the Bite sanitary and
healthful, the eamp^hall be moved
to sueh other site as shall be ap
proved by ths health officer authorized by the commissioner to inspect
such camps, ;
6. Every camp shall be furnished
with an adequate supply of wholesome water and suoh water shall bo
protected from contamination.
6. In every camp there shall be
provided a building or tent properly
constructed and sot apart as a kitchen or cook house with a dining or
eating room in connection therewith
for the use of the employees engaged.'
7. Every building, ear or tent or
other enclosure occupied as Bleeping
quartors by tho employoes engaged
in any camp or works, shall contain
at least 300 cubic feet of air space
ifmoans of heat and ventilation and
beds nnd bedding suitable for patients ai/d attendants.-    .
13. Quarantine thall be rigidly
obscrvod in- tlio case of outbreaks
of smallpox, diphthefia and scarlet
fevor, ami any t.xptnso incurred In
enforcing it ffhnlt bo borne by the
ownor or owners of the camp.
14. Vaccination shall be compulsory for all employees, should smallpox break out in any camp, and any
man rofusing to be inoculated shall
be quarantined at his own oxponse
for such tinie (not exceeding 28
days) as the camp physician or commissioner of public health may think
necessary for the public safoty. The
cost of vaccination shall be borno
by the owner or owners'of the camp,
. 15. Ih the event of any employee
becoming ill and being discharged
or.sent from camp as the result of
sickness or accident, tho owner- -or
owners.shall bo responsible and liable fof Ms maintenance in hospital
or elsewhere to the exteht of ono
dollar per day during the period of
his illness, and for any expense that
may be incurred in his removal to
hospital or place of treatment.
16. The owner or owners, or the
authorized agents of such in charge
of evety camp, shall employ one or
more medical practionors who ahall
have supervision over and control of
the sanitary conditions of the camp,
and shall render to the employeos
such medical attendance as may- be
necessary 'with suck medicines ; as
may be required, and the cost of
such medical services as shall be required for the cmployeees, shall be
borno by the owner or owners of
the camp. Camps or works having
moro than 500 men shall be required
to havo the services of one medical
practioner additional for overy SOO
mon or fractional number thereof.
17. Tho medical practioner employed in respect of any camp shall
visit and inspect such camp at least
onco a we.ek and oftener, if, in tho
opinion of any health officer authorized by the commissioner to inspect
such camps, the sanitary conditions
render »more frequent inspection
18. When any contagious or infectious disease breaks out or is sus-
be supplied with windows for purposes of light and ventilation, constructed to open when necessary.
7a. All windows and doors in hospitals, cooking and dining rooms and
Windows in sleeping apartments
muat have good and sufficient screens
fitted to them to prevent ths entrance of flies.
0. In addition to windows there
shall be other means for ventilating
sleeping, dining and living quarters,
by having inlet and outlet ducts of
sufficient area provided to keep tho
atmosphoro reasonably pure. Such
provision shall be to the satisfaction
and have tho approval of the health
officer authorised by the commission.
er to inspect such camps.
9. The owner or owners shall provide at eaoh catap a hospital building, or in lieu thereof, a doublo walled tent or tents with floor or floors of
wood, and with proper facilities for
heating and ventilation, for the ro
ceptlon and treatment of any cm
ployee who may become sick*; and
any employee who may became sick
shall bo removod to such hospital
building or tent, and shall there receive at the expense of the owner or
owners of such enmp such nourishment, modical attendance and nursing as his condition may require.
10. The following are the minimum requirements  for such cump
In camps of loss than 50 men..2 beds
From 50 to 100 men 4 beds
and one additional bed for every 100
more men or fractional number
thereof, with such further accommodation as circumstances may require.
11. The owner or owners shall
provide at each camp suitable and
sufficient supply of bandagos, dressings, otc, in case of accidents, and
also a supply of such medicines as
tho medical practioner in chargo of
tho camps shall proscribe for uso
in case of sickness,
12. In case of an outbreak among
the omployoes in any camp of nny
contagious or infectious diseaso as
defined in tho public health act and
regulations governing such diseases,
tho modical practioner in charge
shall cause the removal of such patient or patients to a hospital
building or tent set apart as an isolation place of reception for sueh
casos by tho owner or owners ef tho
camp. The location of this place of
reception shall be satisfaetoy to the
health oflicor authorized to inspect
eumps, but shall not be nearer to
^nny other building or toot than 200
yards. The minimum accommodation
shall not bo less than for two pa-
fionttf, to bo enhixgod as occasion
requires. It* shall havo a floor or
floors of wood elowly jointed, with
for every occupant thereof, and shall pocted to oxist in any camp, the own
er or owners or agents of such in
charge, or the camp foreman shall
forthwith notify the medical practitioner employed in respect of Baid
camp, who shall at once proceed to
carry into effect tho provisions of
the public health act and regulations
governing such diseases. *
19. The owner or owners or the
authorized agents of such in charge
of any enmp and the medical practitioner employed in respect of such
camp shall be respectively responsible for tho effectual enforcement of
tho provisions of tho public health
act and regulations that may affect
tho health of tho men employed or
of tho public with whom such men
may come in contact.
20. Closets and latrines shall be
constructed at overy camp and works
and shall be so located and maintained in a place and mnnner thnt
shall bo satisfactory to any health
officer authorized by the commissioner to inspect such camps.
21. Privies and closets shall be
constructed nt every enmp and works
in such manner as they shnll bc efficiently cleaned of the contents. Pit"
shall not exceed (4) feet "in depth,
and the contents shall be treated
daily either by a solution of milk
of lime (strong whitewash or fresh
slaked lime) ono gallon to evory
square yard of pit, or the sprinkling
of Ave pounds of powdered chloride
of lime to the same area. A liberal
sprinkling of fresh chloride of limo
shall also be applied daily to floor?
of privies, latrines and lavatories.
22. Theso closets and latrinos provided for tho use of tho employees,
and no other placo shall be used for
tho purposo for which thoy are intended.
23. Accommodation shall bo provided apart from any kitchen or
cook houso for the uso of employeos
whon washing themselves, and all
waste water shall be disposed of as
directed by tho modical practitioner
in chargo, nnd so that it shall not
affect the water used in cump.
All refuse created in cook-
houso or kitchen, whether liquid or
solid, shall bo placed in galvanized
iron bins or receptacles, with tight
fitting covers, and such refuse must
bo removed daily to a distance considered safe by the camp physician,
or commissioner of public health
from tho camp and must bo so deposited that it will neither contaminato the drinking water used in
oamp, nor becomo a nuisance in any
other way. Such refuso shall bo deposited in trenches and covered with
earth or saml to prevont it becoming a breeding place for flics.
85. Stables in connection with
camps   in   oporation    during   the
Where the word "camp" or
"mine-'' is used in these regulations,
it shall include the following, namely: Lumber camps, saw-mill camps,,
railway and otter construction
camps, railway and other maintenance works, quarries, mines, smelting or cement works lqcatcd outside
of cities, towns, villages or rural
Whore the word/'manager*' is used in those regulations, it shall include the owner, employer, agent,
contractor, foreman or person Iii
chargo of a camp or mine.
Forthwith after t,he establishment
of a camp or mine, tho manager
thereof - shall advise the provincial
board, in writing, of the location ntffl;
character of same and of the nun?-'
.ber of employees engaged theroin.'"'
Every house, tent, stable, or othfc*
board of establishment of each camp
forthwith and annually.
' 1. Evory employer of labor on
any work in any lumbering, mining,
construction or other camp, saw mill,
and other industry situate in any
portion of the unorganized districts
without municipal organization,
shall, upon tho establishment of each
and every camp and work, forthwith
notify the Provincial Board of
Health- of the establishment of the
same,-and annually thereafter upon
a date fixed by the said board, giving particulars as may be required
by the said board.
.-..AU employers to  contract  with
physicians for supervision of camps
£Bd monthly inspection of same.
b-.r2.   Every employer of labor on
aay such work shall contract with a
building in connection with e$f***y qualified physirian for.the san:
camp or mine shall, be located in 4 ^'7 supervision of camps dwell-
haDui.. «in„,i   anA oit Bh+nirttZien (AtMncs. or works, and such physician
in a sanitary, condition. ,
Every house, tent or other building occupied or used by the eft?'
ployeea of" any camp or mine shafl'
contain at least 300 cubic feet tit
air space for every occupant theW^
of, and ihall be properly construe*
ed, lighted and nested.       .        °
Every camp or mine shall hart"
HncsB of the employees.
Provision shall be made for the
proper disposal of all slops, swill}
garbage, manure, and other refuse
from the buildings or premises.
Provision shall be made for tho
exclusion of flies from the dininfe
room, kitchen and other places whero
food is stored or prepared.
Latrines or privy pits shall be-pro-
vidod for the use of the employees,'
and tho same shall bo properly construed and located, so as not to be
a possible source of contamination
to the water supply, and tho same
Bhall be kept'in a sanitary condition.
Every stable and manuro heap
shall be located aB to be impossible
to contaminate the water supply.
Provision shall be made for a plentiful supply of pure drinking water
for the use of the omployoes.
The employer in every camp or
mine shall obtain and keep posted
in a conspicuous place in such camp
or mine, tho regulations of the provincial board relating to camps and
mines, .   . ,     -
The manager shall not suffer or al-
Employen   to   notify   provincieltthe flrst report, however, to be ae-
healthy place, and "all promises ffl'^S'i or w»rk8i and such phy«
connection therewith shall be kept shall inspect tho same at least onco
*" lomonth or of tonor if in the opinion
of tho chief officer of health the
health conditions of the province require it, and shall forthwith report
an writing to the provincial board;
low any employee'living .or residing
_h any property of the camp or mine,
 .     __... situated outsido a city, town, village
proper accommodation for the cleat-' *r rural municipality to creato or
10' inaintain any nuisance or to allow
said premise! to becomo unsanitary.
No employee of any camp or mino,
situated outsido o city, town, village
or rural municipality shall ereateor
maintain any unsanitary eonditioa
or nuisance in or about the house or
premises he occupios, either by rea-
son of the character of the houso,
of the wator supply, tho manner in
which ho disposes of sewage, excreta,
garbage, manuro or like material.
It Shall be the duty of tho manager to take overy precaution against
the spread of contagious or infectious disease' in any camp or mino.
Tho expense of disinfection in any
camp or mine shall be borne by the
manager thereof. .«.„..», „. »v uu auumnu, .v »u cm-
Tho provincial board may require ployee occurring while in such em-
companiod by a sketch or plan of
each camp, showing the location of
the various buildings, 'with distrfneo
apart, .location of water supply,
slopes, of ground with drainage, and
such other information as may be required by the provincial board.
Employers (except lumbermen) to
contract with physicians for medical
and surgical can of employees; they
may deduct from wages t mm not
exceeding 11.00 per month,
3. Evoiy employer of labor on
any work other than' lumbor camp
shall contract with one or inure dnly
qualified physicians for tho medical
aud .surgical, care of his employoes;
and may deduct from the jay dye
any employee a sum not .exceeding
.1.00 per month, whieh shall be paid
to the physician or physicians so
contracted without rebato or deduction, and even such physician shall
supply medical attendance and medicine to the employees.
Lumbermen ban option ot- cm.
ploying phyalcians, tat la Un thete-
ot assume certain responsibilities.
4. Every employer of labor in a
lumber camp may contract with ono
or more duly qualified physicians ln
the manner hereinbefore providod,
and U that caae may proceed in tht
manner authorised by the said regulations, and every physician so eon-
tractod with shall possess the powers and porform the duties sot out
in tho noxt proceeding regulation,
but every auch employor who does
not contract for tho medical attendance of his employees shall bo responsible for the medical care and
maintenance of each and ovory employee taken, ill while In hia employ,
and shall incur a like responsibility
for each and every caae of sickness
which develops in an employee aftor
quitting his sorvice or after being
discharged from his employ whon, in
tho opinion of the provincial board,
tho origin of such sickness is traceable to the poriod of such employ,
ment, or to an accidont to an em-
the manager of any oamp or mine to
engage and provide ono or more duly
qualified medical practitioners to attend and treat any employee Infected with a contagious or infectious
disease in such oamp or mine, and to
take Buch other measures as the said
board may deem proper and necessary in the promises.
montbs   from   Mny   to   November, ]Of these regulations, and the justico
shall be.locatod not nearer than 10.
yards distant from every hospital,
cooking and eating apartment used
by the employees in any camp, and
in such a place that they will not
contaminato the wator supply used
in the camp. Stables at camps in
operation during the months from
November to May shall not bo nearer to any apartment as above specified than fifty yards.
26. Any person failing, neglecting refusing to obscrvo thoso or any
othor regulations that may hereafter
bo made pursuunt to tho public
health aot shall bo guilty of an of-
fenso and liable on summary couvic-
tion to a fine not excooding $50 and
tho costs of prosecution. When it iq
necessary to prosecute any person
for failing, nogloeting or refusing to
obey and carry . out any provision
.of the poace or magistrate finds tho
.■offense proven, he shall, in addition
to any fino imposed, order the notice
or noticos of the health authority
to bo carried out at the expense of
the party in default.
27. Copies of these regulations
shall bo hung or posted in every
kitchen, dining, sloeping or other
building in camps, whoro employoes
may frequent in ordor that all may
bo conversant with their requirements.
Information requirod to bo furnished on the establishment of any
camp, and thereafter annually, to tho
commissioner of public health, Begina, Saskatchewan, by tho ownors
of all camps to which tho foregoing
regulations apply.
Hotunis to bo mado twioe in oach
year in tho months of May and
ploy, when the sick or injured person is not able to pay or does not
pay for tha same—the apportionment
and adjustment of the payment of
expenses bo incurred to bo determined according to soction 117, sub.
section 3, Chap. 58, £ Georgo V.
Oopy of contract to be forwarded
to provincial botrd, which for rev
sons may require changes ln manner
herein aet forth,
5. Employers of labor on all
works in the unorganized districts
without municipal organization shall
transmit, at tho timo of tho making
of tho contract,'a copy of tho samo
to the secrotary of tho provincial
board of health, and notice of any
subsequent change made in their
physicians, or of changes in the contracts between tho two contracting
parties. Should it apponr to tho provincial board, owing to tho distance
of tho residenco of tho physician cm-
ployed from the camps of the company, that tho best interests of the
employees are not likely to bo sorv
cd, it shall be competent for the said
provincial board, with tlio approval
of the minister to require any cm
ployer of labor in such district It
contract with somo physician resirl
ing at or near the works of thn com
pany. Should it further nt any tin)"
appear, owing to thc distanco of the
physicinn from tho enmps, or io neglect, or olher cause on tho part of
the company or physician employed,
that an employee has been put to
expense to secure the modienl assistance for sickness or accidont other
than of employer's physician, the
employor and physician shall be hold
responsible for the paymoat of a
roasonablo feo for medical services,
tho amount to bo pnid in such instances to be, determined in ease of
dispute by the minister of tho do-
partmont, undor section 117, Bub-
scction 3, chap. 58, 2 Oeorge V.
Owner, Manager, etc., responsible
for carrying out of regulations and
health act.
0. The owner, manager, agent or
foreman of any lumbering camp,
mining camp, saw mill, smelting
works or other industry, or of any
railway construction camp locntod in
any portion of tho unorganized districts without municipul organization, shall in connection with overy
such industry or works bo responsible for (lio execution and enforcement of any regulation herein contained, or of any clauso of the Public health act governing in nay caso
or circumstance.
The same measures taken by local
health authorities to be adopted by
employers, agents, etc., ln tho case
of eommnnicablo diseases.
7. Every measure requirod to bc
taken by a local board of health or
any medical officer of health, sanitary inspector er other health officer
under the publie health act, or any
regulation made thereunder in any
organized municipality, muat at once
be takon by the employer and his'
omployoes or agents, or tho physician
employed by the same, whenever any
suspected communicable disease referred to in. the said publie health
act or regulations, breaks ont in any
camp, .works or dwelling, te which'
these regulations apply, and the said
employer, .manager, .foreman, agent
or physician employed shall be subject to the same penalties at any of
the aforesaid health offleen.
Provincial board to tie notified
forthwith ef etch and every case of
a communicable disease.
8, Bhould any suspected communicable disease, as defined under the
public health act, break out in any
camp, worki er dwelling, the employer or hla employee or agent in
charge of any camp, work or dwell*
ing, shall immediately send notice
to the physician employed, who shall
at once notify the secretary of the
provincial board of the outbreak. In
all respects the employer, his employee or agent ln charge of any
camp, works or dwelling, ihall be
held to be In the same position aa
regards the occurrence ef communicable disease therein ai a householder, and ahall conform.to sections 83,
54 and 60, and snch other sections
of the publie health aet and regulations as mar rotate to the duties of
the householder.
Employees lncampi to ftrnishew-
tttcate of vaccination lpon request
ef provincial officer.
. 9. Every employee in any lumbering camp) mining camp er other industry on which men are employed
shall, when requested by the seeretary or officer of the provincial board
of health, furnish the foreman or
other porson in charge of the same
with a certificate of successful vaccination or re-vaccination within the
immediate preceding seven ■ yoars,
and tho secrotary or officer ef the
said board shall forthwith quarantine any sueh camps or worka until
such certificate hss been furnished
by oaeh and ovory employee in the
said camp, works or industry.
Two classes of hospitals mut ta
provided by all employers.
10. In connection with every
camp, works er dwelling coming under these regulations, there shall be
constructed a building, or in lieu
thereof, a double-walled tent or tents
shall be kept on hand with floor or
floors and with facilities for heating
und ventilation, for the rocoption of
any employee who may become sick.
Such building or tont to bo approved
by the Inspector or other officer of
the provincial board of health.
Should any communicable disease,
sueh as smallpox, chickonpox, diph-
thoria, scarlet fovcr, typhoid fever,
measles, German measles, glanders,
cholera, ' erysipelas, tuberculosis,
mumps, anthrax, hnbonle plague, rabies, poliomyelitis, cerebrospinal
meningitis and whooping cough, as
defined by the publie health act,
break out, a separate and distinct
isolation hospital, building or tont,
provided hy the owner, shall be located by the physician in charge of
tho patient in a position satisfactory
to the inspector or officer of the pro.
vincial board of health.
Bite of camp, buildings, etc., to be
approved hy inspector.
11. The locution of tho buildings
of any camp or works shull bo mado
with a duo regard to its healthfulness, and any new camp or works
located without tho previous approval of tho inspector or officer of tho
provincial beard must, if tho sito is
found to *o Jjndrainod, unhealthy,
or wanting " any. adequate 01
wholesome water supply, bo moved to
a propor location; and any old enmp,
works or dwelling, if proved unsanitary or unhealthy shall bo made satisfactory to tho aforesaid inspector
or officer.
No camp shall bo erected nearer
Mian 100 foot to any lake, stream
or other wator.
All bunks must be constructed
parallel with tho wall of the building to prevont overcrowding.
Tho lower tior of bunks shall be
raised at least 0.10 foot from tho
floor, and tho floor shall extond completely to the wall.
Provisions as to air space, lighting, etc.
12. Any houso, tent or dwelling
occupied by tho employees engaged
in nny industry without municipal
organization shall contain 000 eubio
feot of air space for every occupant
thereof, and shall further bo providod with sufficient means of ventilation. Tho floor of ovory dwelling
shall bo constructed of boards or
plan hs, or oilier matorial equally
suitablo for tho purposo, raisod on
supports at least one foot from the
ground, and so made thnt it shall
be tight. Every such dwelling, other
thun a temporary tent, not exceeding
ten by fifteen feet, shall bo supniiod
with adequate lighting, and in all
wooden or iron structures the window* must be constructed that they
can be opened when necessary.
MMhod' of nnWatlon to ta ap-
promt.       J    :'
13, The method of ventilation of
every dwolHng in which a stove or
furnace Is, used, ihall be such as will
satisfy the inspector or. officer of
tho. provincial beard. The. temperature of the room, should be maintained at from 60 degrees to 95 degrees Fahr., and a shallow pea sup.
plied w|th water shall be kept oa
the stove to supply air moisture.
WuMuwae, laundry and bath.
14. Every camp, or the works of
any Industry coming under theee
regulations shall be equipped witk
a soparate building to be need aa a '
wash-house or laundry, and attached
thereto a room, or, if preferred, a
separate building.or tent equipped,
with a stove ant tabs for tath purposes in a manner satisfactory to tke
inspector or offioer of I*
bowd.: *' v
•operate kitchen l
to be profited.
«. HWjr.«.'.__
supplied witk a
properly constructed
as a kitchen or eaok-h
ing a dining-room or *
conneetion' therewith, _
conveniences for the 1"
comfort ot tht nap!
ho satisfactory to
officer of tht 1
16. Proper- buckets 1
he kept on hand Into w
use, whether liquid br i
Elaced; and the refuse t
r be removed to a 1
from tke kitchen, and I
ed as not to create a
contaminate the drinking
properly constructed drain!
satisfactory to the aforea
tor er officer may ta utUlj
of slop buckets.
Latrines or etrtt clotctsj
17. Latrines,   earth
closets located to the set!
the physician employed
inspector or officer of ta
beard, shall be construe!
camp or works, aad must I
und maintained in a aahtti
lien satisfactory to the 1
cer of the works aad to 1
said Inspector or officer.
StaWet to ta not Ism than Uf
feet distant from kitchen, etc.
18. The stables in eenntttioa
with any works or camp must bt to
located as net to contaminate tht
water supply, or drain to any wnter;
thoy must not be lees than IH feet
distant from any dwelling or kitchen. In large camps this distance
may be increased if. thought necessary by thc aforesaid inspector or
In mines of 100 feet In depth, portable privies an required.
10. Is mines of a depth Of 100
feet or over, or with drifts of 340
feot or over, portablo closets satis-
factory to the provincial board for
the use of the employees ara nquired.
Printed copies ef regulation ta
he forwarded by hoard ant kept oa
Ue ia office,
20. Printed copies of these regulations shall be furnished overy employor of labor upon notifying the
secretary of tho provincial board, as
required under section 1 of these '
regulations, and a copy shall be kopt
on file in tbe offico of each clerk
of tho workB for tho use of the employees if bo desired.
Beard may enforce regulations at
expense of employer.
21. Should the provincial board,
on complaint or otherwise, flnd that
any of theso regulations are not
complied with, the board or ita inspector shall, when necessary, tako
stein to enforee those regulations;
and the expense of snch inspection
shall ho paid by the employer or
his agent responsible for the violation of tho regulations, as provided
under section 117, subsection t, of
tho public health act.
Penalties same as under secttea M
ef the public health act
82. Tht penalties contained in
soction 34 of the public health act
against illegal carrying ou of Bay
Industry montloned therein, shall apply to tlio violation ot any regulation herein mado with regard tt tke
proper location, construction and
equipment of the camps, worka or
dwellings uudor these rogulattcas. p
limuw .mi t ^\w*,HMmme~!n	
FBIDAY. _„.,.J>cccmler 26, 1619
Grocery Specials
The following items arc typical of thc way wc sell
groceries. Compare thc prices and figure out thc possible
savings—say in onc week. You will bc surprised at the
results. Our Self-Serving, Non-Delivery plan eliminates
all.unncccssary expenses, and enables us to sell at prices
which arc positively thc lowest in the city.
Bovril, 2-07.., 33c; 4-oz., 63c;
8-oz 11.10
Johnston's Fluid Beef, 16-oz.
size  ...96e
Del Monte Sweet Corn, por
tin 21c
Bovril Cordial, ltl-oz. bot...86c
Sunlight Soap, per bar ..—.„ 7c
Woodward's Botter Tea, per
lb file
Woodward's Extra Choico Tea
por lb 46c
Woodward's Fino Ten, !h...42c
Fine Dcssicatod Cocoanut,
lb 33c
Cadbury's Bourn ville Cocoa,
half pound tin  46c
Cadbury's Bournville. Cocoa,
quarter-lb. tin  25c
Cow Brand Soda, pkt 8c
Empress Baking Powder, per
pkt. Mc
Quaker   Tomatoes,   214-lb.
size tin 17'/aC
Magic Baking   Powder,   per
pkt Me
Eggo   Baking   Powder,   per
pkt .25c
Toilet Paper, per roll Bc
Benson's Corn Starch, pkt..13c
Ontario Puro Honey, 5-lb. pail
for '. $1,82
I Pumpkin, 2%-lb. size ...lie |
B. C. Honey, 18-oz. bottle»..43c
Dromedary Golden Dates, por
pkt 28C
Excelsior Golden Dates,   por
pkt. ,..,_ .._*t
Sun  Maid   Seedless   Baisins,
pkt J8'/ac
Sun Maid Seeded Ruisins,
15-os. pkt ...Hie
White Navy Beans, lb 7e
Citron Peel, per lb 55c
| Cream of Wheat, pkt. ..20c |
Lemon Peel, lb 40c
Orange Peel, lb 40c
Prepared Corn Starch, per
lb Mc
Libby Tomato Soup, tin lie
Jello   Powders   (all   flavors),
per pkt .i.ISc
Dol Monte Peaches, (sliced),
tin  30c
Del Monte Apricots, tin
4 Blue Bibbon Tea, lb. ..
Eagle Brand Lobster, quarter-
lb tin  29c
Eagle Brand Lobster, half-lb.
tin 67c
Bosedalo Pineapple, tin ...20c
Finest Loose Currants, lb...27c
Del  Monte  Pineapple Juice,
per bottlo  ...U'/jC
Quart. Bottles Ginger Wine 55c
_t. Bot. Creme de Menthe..66c
Quart Bottle Port Wine 46c
Raspberry   or   Strawberry
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Lipton's 'Deeoiuted Tea, 2-lb.
tins 11.46
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Juicy Oranges, por doz....33c   1    Almonds, per lb. 45c
Soft Shell Walnuts, lb 36c   |    Jonathan Apples, 3 )bs.......25c
'■■4»'> ' ■ ; "	
'•i'V'i '"■''	
mfct ia ihis strange, ethereal, in-1 'production,
ovtfOtool hereditament I  Is ia ft fie
tjttk a reality 1  Is it a separate
'*    ftfti mmott social entity tton work-
•rf MS capitaliitsf   Whea strikes
«M m_ the federal government calls
fftf Aft amy, and the courts issue
ttJWeUoD* against labor, supposed-
Ipik the interests of the   public.
Tbo press, school aad government
fcftve.ftxcd this idea of tho public,
■    aa being the third and innocent por-
&iiyAfc*»dus4rUI conflicts, in tbo wind
*</.«• tl« working class, and workers
'' mH Impressed with this Metaphysical
mfkioUy, namely, that tho public
ftftva rights and privileges, cconomi-
«»By- and socially  that   they   are
i      ■ km! to respect. And, consequent*
X;    ly, tke action of labor,  in   many
. MM proceeds from a scrupulous and
iwrantial respect for the alleged
ftttarestft of this imaginary  group.
Haaee, it is to the end that this fig-
.   moat, the public, shall no longer be
■;,■* aaaro and a pitfall to labor, that
;   wa essay te  clarify  this  nebulous
-    Maa. We shall discuss this idea from
three   different   angles.    Firat,   of
what ia it constituted! Second, what
are its aimsf Third, what [a its function!   It is necessary to establish
the character of those who constitute the public, in order to ascertain
whether they have interests distinct
from workers and capitalists. It-is,
again, important to inquire into tho
aims of  thom  who   compose   tliis
group that we may know whether
they are 'in. conflict with those of
capital and labor.   The question of
Sts function must be settled, if we
would realixe when its rights and
privileges are curtailed and invaded.
The settlement of the question as
to who compose the public can only
be made in the light of an eianrina-
tion of the composition of society as
snch. We are all agreed that the lifo
of aoeiety is maintained by consumption of goods and services, such as
food,  clothing,  shelter,  transportation, amuaemont, etc. It is also true
that consumption enn only  follow
Now, production is ft social process which Is carried on, un
der our- present system, by a certain
class in socioty. That class is known
as producers. Naturally, those who
do not participate in the process of
production, are non-producers. Thus,
broadly spcuking, mankind is divided up into two classes—producors
and non-producers. Production involves tho combined aetion of labor,
land and capital. (In our discussion
wo recognize ull natural forces such
aa water power, etc., as land, and
capital aa wealth, which is used to
produce future wealth.) Theso factors in production are controlled by
certain soeial classes. And since the
breaking up of the Communistic systom of society, in which everything
was hold in common, society has pre*
sentcd tho following class aspect.
We first had the period when prop*
cr*y fights in man were sanctioned.
This was tho system of slavery, with
its master and alave. Then feudalism
came, where persons, as serfs, were
bound to the soil by lords and barons. This system was followed by
tho present social order in which the
tools of production arc used and
owned by two different classes-
workers and capitalists. During each
period in our social history, the
woalth produced is divided between
the,producers and tho non-producers.
In the present system, the division
of wealth takes the form of wages,
rent, interest and profits. Profits is
recognized as the reward of managerial ability, or that which corrolates
and co-ordinntes labor, capital end
land in thc process of production.
Now the share of wealth which each
member in society receives is based
upon tbe factor in production which
ho owns ond employs. Thus, the
workor, who owns labor power, receives wnges, nnd thc capitalist, who
owns Innd Bnd capital, receives rent
and interest, flince these factors
must share in tho sum tola! wealth
produced, it is clear that in proportion as the share of one is large, the
share of tho other must bo small.
Statistics reveal that the large majority of thc people in every country receive their share of the weulth
produced in the form of wages. A
tiny fraction, on {he contrary, of tho
people in every country receive tlieir
shun* of the wealth produced in tho
form of rent, interest and profit. It
is obvious that there is a large bulk
of consumers, however, who receive
neithor wages, rent, interest nor profit This group are comprised of old
men and women, those who arc do
crcpit and disabled, and children,
This group, however, are consumers,
and must partake of wealth, whieh
is the reward of labor, or of land
and capital. In other words, this
group depends for Hs subsistence upon the wealth which is divided between labor and cupital. In view
of tho fact that the largo majority
of each country are workers, it follows that the largo cluss of non-producers ore children and dependents
of labor, bo that when labor's share
of the product of the joint action of
labor and.capital is small, the consumption of labor's children and
general dependents is also small.
Now when we speak of thc public as
being a third and innocent party,
the assumption ia that this group
neither relies upon the share of
wealth received by labor or the sbnrc
of wealth whicli goes to capital; for
if the public depends for its subsistence upon either of tho fuctors in
production, itf interests lio with thnt
factor, and consequently, when n
conflict between those factors arise,
the public's intorests is on tho side
of that, factor in the process of production upon whicb It depends.
Hence, in no clash between lubor
and capital is there a third and disinterested party, since there is not
any group in society whose source
of incomo is independent of wages,
rent, interest and profit. Because
onc part of the working class is not
active in an industrial dispute, and
is inconvenienced thereby, is no evidence of i ts being ■ unrelated to that
class. Our present social organisation has simply rendered it difficult
for an individual to recognize when
his clnss interests arc involved. But
.that docs not alter the fact that tbe
tost of one's class interests is his
source of income. From this fundamental method of classification the
public cannot escape. Hence, what
is called the public is nothing moro
than tho working class and its families.
Inasmuch as we have established
thc character of those who compose
the public, which answers our first
proposition, the answer to onr second and third propositions follow-as
a matter of course. Thus the aims
of the public and labor are the' same,
since thoy are composed of persons
of similar interests. Therefore, the
interest of the public, like labor, is
in opposition only to capital, and the
functions of the public arc. the functions of labor, and the rights and
privileges of the public are only invaded asd curtailed, when tlie rights
and privileges of labor"aro invaded
and curtailed. Thus, that whieh is
known as public opinion is nothing
more than the opinion of tho uvcr-
ngo working man and his family, and
when we find it against the interest
of the working class, it is only due
to the ignorance of the working class
which is the result of the teachings
of the press, pulpit, politics and the
schools. Besides, tho prevailing method of labor organization, trado unionism or labor organized upon 'a
basis of trado lines, tends to cultivate and to perpetuate this thing
known as the public. For trade unionism, in contradistinction to industrial unionism, operates to divide labor into groups that scab on each
other, in thc sense that in an industry, when ono section of labor is on
strike, it may be replaced by scab
labor, whilo the other sections arc
unconcerned, indifferent and apathetic' Theso other sections am recognized by the bourgeois capitalistc
world, as tho public, and thc pro-
tense is perpetuated that their interests are opposed to tho interests
of thoso engaged in tho strike. This
is done lo prevent the solidarity of
A Very Happy
Worken' Liberty Bond Buttons
ue issued to every purchaser cf a
bond. Have yon got yours yet. Oct
behind a button and show that yon
ue willing to help all you can the
defense of the men arrested in Winnipeg.
(Continued from pago 1)
will rob thc birth-chombor of many
of his terrors.
Girls are to be taken in hand, nnd
educated in domestic hygiene—in
the domestic branches, instruction
in sex hygiene, ami instruction in
tho care of infant life.  Theso sub-
Thos. Foster &Co., Ltd.
Tht' now Rtmovkblt Brieve |fivc»
yon 100 ji'T cent, dental efllclcttoy.
Jt ri'slnrra the Mouth to imniitl by*
nplacing  «U  lost  ti'iili  mi  mitt-
tW where located. It Rive* yon
100 per cent, mnilltloii—as well
an maatlcalliiR ability and i|jeueh
enunciation. Also 100 pi-r tint.
in appearance. It Ib the last
word In dentiitry.
Firm ai your natural teelli. It la
yet removed in a moment ni.d an
quickly replaced. In appeal ance
It If made tn perfectly ma.cti the
natural teeth In alze and t>hape
Hnd hhnde. It tuken up Hltle
room In tho tnuulli—no hulklneis.
It fives you the minimi renlliency
of "bite." It In Installed with
the minimum  of  discomfort.
Hi|.li ntclll, treat accuracy, nppclal
machinery and ■pedal technique
are Decennary to Install thia Ideal
denture. We offer yuu thin
speeial service.
Dr. Lowe
Fine Dentistry
Phoae Sir OUt
Opposite Wooflwtrit'i
For Women
—Eiderdown Bath Robes,
in colors of mauve, tan,
pink, sky or grey, with
conventional designs, arc
trimmed with satin and
finished with silk girdle—
—Eiderdown Bath Robes,
in rose, mauve, grey or
green, arc in Indian pit-
terns, with large collar
and cuffs, satin trimmed
and finished with silk gir-
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grey, mauve, sky or rose,
have satin-trimmed collar, cuffs and pockets, and
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—Second Floor
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'•'■   Sey. 3640   '.'_
jocts will bu taught by those duly
qualified by special training ia.Uw
elementary principles and practice
of hygiene and -infant mamigemcat.
The next atop will bo instructions
for mother*. Under this head it .is
propoaed to establish schools > fat
utothdrs in connection with (he hospitals, to where thoy may go aid
obtain not .only tho advice and »vm-
pathyof "the Wachers, but encourage-
ment from other mothers. This
school will not be-in tho hand* of
thoso' who aro unacquainted with all
thut motherhood entuils-^-real mothers, who have themselveB suffered,
will bo the tenchors here. Then there
is to bo a system of homo visiting,
in order that teaching may bo adapted to individual needs; Xlong with
this there will be' tho issue and distribution of pamphlets, food (where
necessnry) instructions a* regards
work, and other details necessary
during the period of pregnancy.
It will bo impressed on mothi»-s
that tho health und phynical fitness
of hor child are dependent primarily
upon her own health, her capacity in
domesticity and her Knowledge of
infant' caro and feeding.
Another plan is the systom of
women health visitors, who will
reach the mothers in (heir homes.
These will bo women of n]othcrlint'Bs,
homeliness, tact, and coasiderat'on—
duly chosen for thcir fit ness and high
charactor. They will bp attached to
tho outdoor department of Jhe. maternity hospitals It. is planned to
establish maternity hospitals
thoroughout the state, where women
will find .unstinted assistance if they
so desiro it Room will be provided
to accommodate any number of women, and any indirnl'ion of charity
will bo wiped away Tho labor party
lays it down thai what it proposed
to do is not chority-^but DUTY.
In these hospitals the greatest care
will be taken to reduce tho pain at
thc time of aceouehement lo thc lowest point by scientific and up-to-date
treatment by fully qual'ltcd doctors
nnd nurses Thc hospitals will bc
homely and inviting—as near as possible to thc old-fashioned homo wo
all love so well.
The ministry of motherhood will
also umlertukc the after-cure of women. There will be convalescent
homes for those who wish to make
use of I hem, help in the home in order to give the mother every ehauee
with her young bubo, eriuctit'oii (tn
breast and bottle feeding. Adequate
supplies of fresh milk will bc provided.   ..
There will be outdoor departments
in every district in tho state fron.
which assistance will be given prior
to and during accouchement and convalescence. In addition there will be
special food for expectant wothers
where required.
In cases where mothers do *a.ot
wish to enter the state hospitals,
provisions will be made for adequate
help in the homo, both for hortdf
and her other children. This iii itself is a fine thing, and would; go
far to relievo the anxiety of tnothws
and prevent them leaving thcir beds
too soon, to thc fmcrij.ee of jhiir
future health.
It must nlso be stated that thc
New South Wales'labor party proposes adequate support and protection to the unmarried expectant
mothers, prior nnd after accouchement. Too long have our modern
Fantines been left to boar their
trials and suffering in a cold-blooded
world. In tins' direction, thc law is
to bc amended to extend thc period
of responsibility of fathers. This
provision for unmarried mothers is
both right and just. Any maternity
scheme, to be complete, should in-
j elude thc unmarried mothers, whoso
child, despite the illegitimacy of ils
parcntngc, has as much claim ou tho
jstuto as any other, and an equal
right to the care necessary to develop into a healthy and useful citizen.
It will be remembered that it was
the Australian labor party whieh in
stituted in that country—in the teeth
of strong opposition from its oppon
ents—the now-famous Maternity Allowance Aet, under which all mothers arc paid an allowance of $25 at
the birth of each child. In order to
remove the stigma of charity in con-
nectict with this schemo, the labor
government made tho sum payable
to all—rich or poor.
(Continuod from Pago 1)
other were read to tlie jury, showing the nature of the charges laid
and also comparing the flimslness
of the present charges with those
of previous times.
Cassidy Speaks Over Threo Hours
During the course of Mr. Cas-
sidy's address to the jury the Hon
Senator Robertson sat with Crown
counsel, discussed matters with
them and took quite a number of
notes of the proceedings. He evidently appeared much concerned,
being the father of the whole proceedings, and no doubt hoped to
see success crown his efforts. The
legal status of trades unions-were
gone Into by counsel, showing "by
the various enactments that labor
had the Nil right to call either a
general or sympathetic strike, and
all efforts being made by the
Crown at this juncture to challenge
that right was nothing else but an
effort to cripple the usefulness of
those organizations. Socialism was
next dealt with by the counsel. He
showed the liberty allowed even ln
England at tbe present time to
speak on almost any question, and
the efforts ot the Dominion Government to crush out freedom'of
thought and apeech. An interesting statement was here read showing that there were more prosecutions for sedition in Alberta in two
recent years than there had been
for one hundred years ln England.
The population of Alberta Is about
half a million, in England approximately forty-live millions. One can
easily draw their own conclusions
from these statements. Mr. Cas-
siry concluded his address at 5:15,
having spoken for three hours and
a quarter. The Hon. Gideon Robertson waa in close touch with
Crown counsel during the speech,
directing their attention to a great
many ot the documents in tlieir
possession, perhaps showing more
clearly than anything else that this
wae a Dominion Government and
not a Provincial Government prosecution. Mr. Andrews intimated
that'he would take considerable
time in his address to the Jury. The
court adjourned then until Tuesday morning at ten o'clock.
Senator Robertson, after the adjournment, Interviewed the judge
in his private rooms.
Andrews Addresses Jury
WINNIPEG, Man., Dec' 23.—At
ten minutes past ten A. J. Andrews
commenced his address to the jury
on behalf of the Crown. He went
through the seven different counts
of the Indictment, laying stress on
the third and fourth counts, whicli
were to carry into effect an unlawful general strike, and to carry on
a propaganda undermining our government. The law In reference to
strikes was next.-gone into, attempting to show that a general
strike was illegal, showing that a
strike endangering life and property was a contravention of the
common nuisance laws and also the
Industrial Disputes Act, 1907, by
the fact of' persons employed in
public utilities leaving their employment. An Interesting quotation was given by Mr. Andrews
from other legal judgments, showing that labor wa3 property,
imagine such stuff being trotted out
to a jury in December, 1919. Referring to Russell's associates.
Pritchard was described as the man
who travelled all through the west
giving Inflammatory speeches and
referring to . Christ as "the late
lamented Mr. Christ"; Armstrong,
the sonp-box orator; Heaps, the
man who cut off the water supply,
broke his Oath of office, spoke and
supported the strikers; Queen, the
man who presided at the' Walker
theatre meetings; Johns, Russell's
brother machinist, who sat down
when the band played "God Save.
the King" once; Ivens, the editor
of tho Western Labor News, writing inflammatory articles. Bray,
naturally, was described as leader
of the returned soldiers during the
strike, and wbo actually spoke in
a disrespectful manner to the
Premier, such Is the Btory and
character of the seditious conspirators. For ten years before the war
the Germans were sending spies to
England to create hatred between
the two countries, and England,
when Ihe (lay came, was unprepared; we in this Dominion must
be prepared for tho diy, and we
must prevent the revolution from
coining. The natural Inference Is
that wo must do her all tho things
the Prussians were guilty of. We
must love the spies, agent provocateurs, reciet police and armed
police, on the streots. Mr. Andrews was certainly frank in his
statements, and the workers will
readily understand the whole meaning ot tho prosecution.
Introduces Bean Crow
In referring to the literature Issued by the Socialist party he
likened it to certain works In a
doctor's, library which might be
classed as Indecent, so therefore,
such booklets as the Communist
Manifesto, Socialism, Utopian and
Scientific Voluc, Prico and Profit
are indecent and unfit for working-
men to read. Then the old, old
story was trotted out about the nationalization of women, abolition of
home life, etc., which has been so
often refuted that one is surprised
that lt should be brought to light
in a court of law as the start of an
address to a jury.
Mr. Andrews continued Ills address tu the afternoon. His first
argument was to try and prove
that Russell, as a.socialist, could
not be separated/or be Russell, tlie
trades unionist. No doubt the
whole argument might be applied
possibly with greater force to Mr.
Andrews himself. Ho cannot disassociate A. J. Andrews, the bitter
opponent of labor during the strike
and authorized mouthpiece of the
Citizens' Committee, to'Andrews
the K. C. prosecuting for the
Creates Hostile Impression .
The letters   seized   during the
raids were read to the jury by
Crown counsel, reading into them
many a thing that was not there,
no doubt hoping by this means to
create a hostile Impression in their
These letters had all been previously read and flled as exhibits,
but a second, reading was thought
desirable in the interests ot justice. Coming to the Winnipeg
strike, counsel dealt from his point
of view with the causes of what led
up to it He skipped over the
Metal Trades Council, and claimed
the right for employers to bargain
with their own men or employees.
Naturally you could not expect a
man like Mr. Andrews, who has
stated he is in favor of collective
bargaining, to say anything of the
rights of the employees.
He tried to show that the Winnipeg strike was part of the results
of the Calgary Convention and that
when Joe Knight was in Winnipeg
early in the- year, he came here
as an emissary of the 0. B. U. to
consult in the carrying out of tho
strike as planned by the Calgary
convention. Thoso who know of Joo
Knight's visit and few hours' stay
in Winnipeg know Mr. Andrews' statement to be a lie. A
copy of the International Socialist
Review, dated October, 1916, which
was claimed to be among the seizures In the Labor Temple, was then
put before the jury, to show that
labor had copied the methods advocated by tho I. W. W. which
naturally resulted In the general
strike of May and June last.
Extracts from the Red Dag, Socialist Bulletin and a few leaflets
were read, in fact, the whole address to this time had been to try
and prove to the twelve men in
the jury box that a huge Dominion
wide propaganda had been carried
on amongst the workers with the
objects of overthrowing the govern,
ment by force and take.over the
land and all natural resources.
A Begular Nightmare
This was to be accomplished by
the method of a general strike,
with Winnipeg as the pivot. Then
the suffering of the women and
children during the strike was
dealt with. No milk, water, telephones, street cars did they have.
If during other periods ot the year
they, are deprived of these same
things through a social Bystem not
of tlieir making, then It is legitimate and must be taken lying
Makes Sob Story
Before concluding Mr. Andrews
touched on his own efforts as a
member ot the Citizens' Committee
when lie begged the Strike Committee to release the drivers to deliver
bread and milk' for the sake of the
children. He tried tlie Old, old sob
story in lils final appeal. He concluded at 5:45, having spoken for
six hours.
(Continued from pnge 1)
in English und a little hit in Russian, and I would talk to my
Did Chekoff recoivo newspapers
or. keep them in your houset"
You wore living thoro all tho
time and had aecoss to the different
Did you ever see Chokoff giving
out newspapers in your house;"
"Were any newspapers found in
yonr house at tho timo of tho arrest!"
Did Zukoff ever receive bundles
of newspapers and keep them  in
yonr house f"
Did you ever see Zukoff read
papers t"
"I know ho eouid only sign his
"Did you ever see nowspapers in
his roomt"
"I never seo nothing."   '     .
"Novor soe anybody give, out
newspapers in your house f"
"No." ;
Witness was always about the
house, where .sho helped her mother.
As to Chokoff being away between
midnight and 6 a.m., she said simply! "That's not truo." The samo
applied to Zukoff. She remembered
Zukoff boing away fishing for about
two weeks.
."What about jt being possible in
March, April und May, for Chekoff
to go to Butaeff's pool room and
givo out newspapers i"
"That's not true. He was always
Chokoff was to have gone fishing
but ho was sick, and sent Zukoff.
"Woro thero evor meetings of
Russians, and distribution of newspapers in your house?"
"I nevor seo them." ;,
"You know Dourasoff!"      ''
"Yos." '  '
"Whom did he como to sect"
Mr, Roid objected.
Mr, Rubinowitz: "Whon Dournsoff camo, who would be there!"
Mr. Bold, (excitedly): "I object
to that. I know what Mr. Rubinowitz wants to got out. Vory interesting—but it idn't evidence."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Dourasoff says,
on tho 29th April, Chekoff was reading tho Voico of Labor."
Witness: "No."
"Dourasoff says, aftor that, there
was a hot discussion, when Chekoff
said they would soon finish with thc
Canadian courthouse."
"Not truo. Ho can't say that
"Dourasoff says you were there."
"I nover soe it.','
"Dourasoff says, at the time of
tho strike, thore was a paper read
about the Soviet counoil."
"Not truo."
"Ho says thoro woro discourses
about' the striko, and' how to bring
about a.revolution in Canada."
"Dourasoff nays he had many conversations with Chekoff in Deakoff's
.Interpreter: "Sho wonts to know
if ho can talk Asatinian."
Mr. Reid, interrupting: "There
seems to be concerted action on this
Asntiiiiun business."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Did yo.u ever
seo discussions, otc.f"
Witness: "Not. truo."
"Ever hoar Chekoff toll Dournsoff that, ho ran a.gambling houso.f"
Mr. Roid: "Thero is no allegation
that she hoard.''
Tho magistrate allowed the question, and witness replied: "I never
see Chokoff talking to Dourasoff."   .
Mr. Reid , (again interrupting):
"One quarter of. thc questions would
have answered.'-'   •
Ur. Rubinowitz: "Whom did
Dourasoff talk .tot"
Mr. Roid: "Thst's getting baek
to tho samo thing."
Magistrate: "I don't think that
it's material."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Did you ever
talk to'DnnrnsofM"
Mr. Reid furiously repeated his ab-
iontion. but witness answered,
Tlio magistrate now demurred, and
opined: "It's not fair to bring that
in -nt oil." .-■       .
Mr. Rubinowitz! "Could Chekoff
and Dourasoff have had conversations in your house without you seo-
Witness: »"I would hsve seen."
The same with record to Zukoff.
Witness remembered the day of
tho arrests in July, fthe saw Dourasoff about 4 o'clock.-
Counsel! "What did he soyf"
^Witness: "He said there'wss n
big accident in onr house. Ho told
mo not to worry: there was an arrest—just by accident—of tho men
in mir house."
The significance of this remark
nnnenr^i to he thnt Dournsoff, while
"poddling tho bull" to tho authori
ties % order to stand in well with
thom, never really intended or uni
tieipntcd the actual arrests. Apparently thc authorities took him.too
soriouslyj henco tho pretty kettle of
fish now presented to tho pubHol
The proceedings; following the above
.reply were marked by another out'
burst o'f squabbling botwoen coun
eel, punctuated with tho magistrate':
angry, "Go on) stop your wrangM
ing." .
WitnesB thon added: "Dourasollj
brought Russian pnpers for me ana
my sister." |
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Did you evei
ask him to bring themt!'
Mr. Roid again' brok'p out in a
fury; and Mr. Rubinowitz soothingly advised hini not to bo exeitei.
Thc magistrato intimated that' he
was going to bo excited himself if
this went on; at which tho audienco
laughed merrily.
Mr. Rubinowitz cited page 85 of
thc record, where. Dourasoff had denied that ho brought tho newspapers.
Magistrato (shortly): "She says
he did."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Did Donrasoif
ever got any kind of newspapers nt(
your nousdf" j
Witness: "He brought them himself."
The magistrate now wanted u
know how much longor the damnation would last.
Mr. Roid assured his worship that
bis"cross-cxamination would be exceedingly short.
Mr. Rubinowitz suggested that his
friend realized that "discretion is
tho bettor part of valor," Mr. Reid
having carofully held aloof, all.
through, from any exhaustive crops]
examination of witnesses. Mr. Keiif
came back with a polite allusion tot
his friond's "Oriental imagination."
• The court then suggested thnt
counsol should "say all these little things to onc nnother outside,!'
Tho pleasantries still continued, hoV.
ever, till Mr. Rubinowitz eounselleifiV
"Don't bo so offensive, Mr. Reid.'"
Magistrate (abruptly): "We'll
adjourn this case."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "I just wanted
to bring out—"
Magistrato: "No; I've asked yon
both repeatedly to stop this cross-
firing and you won't do it. So now
wo'll adjourn."
Thc case was then formally adjourned till tho next Wodnesdnv.
with the understanding that it would
then bo furthor postponed till the
following Monday afternoon, December 29.
. There was a feeling in court thai
the seriousness of tho ovidonco .was
how making a very deep impression:
and that, undor the circumstances,
it was not surprising that the defending counsel should bo so "rat-d
tied" or so''obviously emulant ofl
"Serjeant Bozfuz," of immortal
Iks Bust Sf DUlMMl '
Al Osrntr Pialtr
A Christmas
DEHIND the Christmas holiday—with its outward
•" show of greetings and gifts—is tho Message of
Good Will—thc Spirit of Service.
'PHKSK underlying principles of the Christmas
* season are in perfect accord with the established
policies of thc Diok Stores for Men; where, day in
and day out, wc carry into our business dealings
with the public thc two ideas—Oood Will and Service.
TN extending to our thousands of patrons in all
*• parts of British Columbia our formal Christmas
Greetings, we are but expressing in words the ideas
of Good Will and Service—the principles upon
which the Dick Stores for Men are operated and,
as.a result of whicli have developed to the stature
of thc largest and most popular Men's Store in
Western Canada.
-  i               j
Wishing You, One and All,
a Merry Xmas
33-45-47-49 Hastings Street East
• i


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