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British Columbia Federationist May 1, 1925

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BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLISHED HST INTERESTS OP ALL WORKERS
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
SEVENTEENTH YEAR.  No. 18     *$UR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 1,1925
5c A COPY
I- Alf IDEAL JUSTICE
Requires From Individuals Equal
Services for Benefits Eaoh
Receives.
HUMAN WEEDS MUST GO
-•o
An A% veal Justifying
Ai% for Glace Bay Miners
[By Special Wire]
9
Remedy Is Rightful Employment
for Unemployment and Mis-
employment.
[By J, C, Harris]
HTHItlSE articles havo advocated
"Justice" a_ the solutloh of our
problems, We have insisted that only
as wo deliberately seek to establish
justice, and introduce method into
our social relationships, shall we malte
real progress in the difficult art of
living' worthy lives.
Ideal Justice requires from each individual, equal services rendered for
benefits received. Humanity will
never attain perfect justice, but we
can hope to make immense advances
and secure wonderful returns in so-
clui .veil being, if wc make an honest
effort to attain it.
Let us examine a few of the present .day suggestions for settling our
problems. Amongst the most plausible is "graduated taxation." This
has beon a most popular idea, and has
been applied in many forms already;
graduated income taxes, graduated
death duties and inheritance taxes
amongst them. Some havo thought
that by this means justice even might
be achieved.
Taxation might be so adequately
graded as to reduce all to a common
level or nearly so. That is to say, ln
puro theory this is possiblo; in practico it is absurd. Even wero it possible to reduce all to ah equal income, justice would not be achloved,
rather a gross Injustice would bo perpetrated. The human race is suffering from a wild growth of human
weeds, and tho effect of Income taxes,
etc., is exactly the same as a farmer
using a mowing machine to try to get
rid of weeds. Ho may run his mower
over his fields and lop off the weeds,
and provent them from going to seed
for a time; but the roots will bo there,
and spreading rapidly, if the weed be
Canada thistle or couch grass, and no
amount of mowing will get rid of the
pests. No; if you want to get rid
of weeds use a plough and a cultivator, aid take exercise with a good
hoe. We must use thorough methods
to get rid of human weeds also. See
that each individual does enough useful work to pay for his or her keep
r.nd our human weeds will disappear
Jike magic.
Some are pinning their faith to
"trade union action," either tho old
form of trade unionism or to the O.
B. U. methods. Collective bargaining
over wages and conditions, and the
powor of numbers to enforce the
workers demands, with a small club
ft.r the old fashioned union, or a big
c'.ub wielded by the 0. B. U.
Now the O. B. U. Is a vory logical
outcome of the idea of using force,
if you have to fight, a big club seems
pivTerablo to a small onc and a shot
sun to a revolver, or a cannon to &
shot gun. Only I for one do not
believo ln force, and I do not bo
lieve that any trides union that
know of is capable of taking over
an Industry and running It. Then we
also have to consider whethor a trade
\ is worth nnything to society and not
{ merely tlie wages and conditions of
the workers in it. Surely there is a
vast amount of printing, for instance,
that is absolutely wasted and valueless. Beautifully executed prospeo<
tusea of fiaiidlent companies and lying advertisements, why should the
printers of suoh trash bc supported by
tho labors of useful people. No, we
must find thein useful work, and see
that they do it.
I have an immense respoct for the
spirit that had animated trades union-
Ism in the pnst, but I want to see
trades unionism developo into intelligent, political action. I want to seo
tho clubs dropped and the hnnd of
fellowship held out evon to the managers of tho industries, and tlie trades
unions developed into guilds, that will
bo fit to tuke chargo of tho productive forces of society.
But think of the nonsense that our
politicians are talking, squabbling
over the tariff. Mr. Meighen sees
salvation in raising the tarrif. If he
got to power he might put It up on
the averago five per cent.; if Mr.
King jreis back, ho may cut it down,
In the course of a few years, five
per cent. Their remedies are like
suggesting a sticking plaster for a
case of cancer..
Our disease Is very serious. It ls
unemployment and misemploy mont,
tho remedy Is rightful employment
and justice for all.
Grasp the fact, that tho man who is
unemployed or misemployed is your
'• enemy, and that ho Is living on y*m
if yuu aro doing useful work, and
you will know moro real politics than
any member of the prosent Canadian
parliament (labor members Included).
In tho ancient fable, tho cat and the
fox talked tpgether. The fox described, his many tricks for dodging thc
hounds: he could double on his
tracks, and run in water, and cross
other animals' tracks, etc, etc. But
tbo huntsman's horn wns hoard and
tho cat spr.ing up a tree and stopped
thero till tii9 hounds were gono, whll.-l
the fox  In spito of his tricks, was
PDITOR B. C. \* -'BKATIONIST: On behalf of the Nova Scotia
miners please polish the following:
Tomorrow commences the eighth week of complete cessation of
work in thc coal mines of Nova Scotia. The men engaged in the
coal industry, together with their families, are underfed and merely
a step in advance of starvation.   We appeal to labor organizations
throughout the world and to the pub
lie of the Dominion of Canada,
promptly to send aid to our hungry
people. Fully one-third of our members were in abjoct poverty for
months before work ceased. In view
of this fnct, it Is not humane to suggest lowering the rates of wages paid
last year. To do so would merely
place a greater proportion of our men
with their families, continuously on
the borderline of stravatlon, and Impose misery and suffering upon them.
We have the moral support of, (A)
The Dominion parliament, (B) The
Provincial legislature, (C) Public
opinion at large throughout Canada
and the United States. Yet the British Empire Steel Corporation appears
able to defy the two governments and
the general public,
The district executive has followed
those policies which have appeared
best to give free rein to public discission of the vital issues involved,
and nt the same time most substantially to further the interest of the
helpless people whose welfare is committed to the district in trust. Yet
we earnestly call to your attention and
emphasize the fact lhat the Ineffectiveness of public and governmental opinion to produce a settlement of
this disputo lends great weight to the
conviction that a courso of lawfulness and reason toward and outlaw
corporation is futile.
We must state that the need
amongst helpless people Is greater today than lt was two months ago, and
we call upon all who have contributed
the past to renew their efforts to
avoid calamity coming upon a peaceful and suffering people. Make all
donations payable to A. A. McKay,
secretary-treasurer, district 26, Glace
Bay, N. S., District No. 26, p. M. W.
of A.
J. W. McLEOD, prosldent.
A, A. McKAY, secretary-treasurer
Glace Bay, N. S., May 1, 1925.
being controlled to a very large extent by influences favorable to the
steel corporation, and that nothing
could be done, or will be done, until
the people at large are aroused out
of their lethargy and indifference and
realise that human life really does
moan more than paltry profits. If
they do not, then the workers will
feel—and rightly so—that "a course
of lawfulness and reason toward an
outlaw corporation is futile." If they
choose to act, in a manner seemingly
unlawful, no doubt they would be
most severely chastised by all of the
great unthinking mass. It ls about
time that we all thought a little more
about this matter. Let us start now,
if we have not already done so, and
give to these men and women—and
children—not alone, our moral support, but our financial support as
well. Let us do our bit here in this
great struggle for freedom. The days
of slavery are far from being gone as
yet; In fact, they are growing worse.
It Is time Indeed, that we wero up
and doing. All cheques or monoy
orders will be gladly forwarded, and
due credit given In The Federationist.
Make these payable to, A. A. McKay,
secretary-treasurer, district. No. 26.
U. M. W. of A., Glace Bay, Nova
x Scotia.
Woman
and War
THOSE Individuals, or groupa,
wishing to get pamphlets
whloh have Just recently been
printed are urged to send ln
their orders at once. There are
only a limited number printed.
They nre tho following:
WOMAN AND WAR
By Mrs. Rose Henderson
10 cents.
HIND YOUR OWN BUSINESS
(   By George F. Stirling
5 oents.
These pamphlets are well written. They contain a wealth of
information, and are, to say
the very least, thought-provoking.
Sond lu Your Orders at Onco
Yoa Cannot Afford To Do
Without Tliem
IITEIHTMIU. UBOR
Capitalists Get the Trees-
Farmers Get the Stumps
[By J. A. McDonald]
rpHBRB is romance in the stories of the early pioneers carving
homes out of the wilderness, although there was little romance
at the time for the pioneers. From log cabins to white houses, and
red houses, road houses, etc., etc., can bo made interesting with a
good writer telling the story. The pioneer of the early days at
least had the logs out of which to build his log cabin, but the
modern stump farmer must build hisfof Independence now evaporates. Our
Starving In Canndn!
The above message which camo
over the wires to Tho Federationist,
should be such as to stir up within
the heart of every red blooded Canadian a felling of keen resentment. To
think lhat men are allowed to remain in such a state of destitution:
"with their families underfed, and
merely a step in advance of starva
tion; "to think that these people
hnve to appeal to "labor organizations
throughout the world, and to the pub
He of the Dominion of Canada, t<
send aid promptly to our hungry people"; to think that these men, and
their fnmilies have the moral suppor
of the dominion parliament, the provincial parliament, public opinion at
largo throughout Canada and the
United States, and yet, the British
Empire Steel corporation seems able
to dofy them all, would seem almost
unbelieveable.
Were such a state of affairs fo be
existing in any other country in the
world today, and were we to be informed of the facts, by our dally
press, we would all stand up in holy
horror nt tho thought of such a condition.
If tho Hritish Empire Stool compnny
cannot afford to operate the mines,
and, at lho same time, pay their men
a living wage, thou It should be apparent to every one that some radical
change should ho Instituted by our
governments. We ask, could our govornmont mnke tho necessnry chnnge?
We frankly doubt It—ns it Is constituted  today.    Wo  feel  Hint   it   is
LABOR AND HOUSES
A London Daily Herald correspondent  gives  an   inspiring account  of
the way in which tho labor govern,
ment of South Australia has tackled I
Us housing problem.
When tho government came into j
power the position was especially
acute in Adelaide, the capital, where
some 6,000 people urgently needed
decent homes at fair rent.
The government at once got to
work on a scheme, now well under
way, which provides for practically
the whole of the houseless, and relieves them from exploitation from
profiteering landlords. Houses of five
or six rooms are being completed at
a cost of £750 oach. and the worker,
for a deposit of £25 (which may be
paid in Instalments) becomes the ow-
ner.tenant, paying tho balance in the
form of weekly rent.
Men engnged on tho building observe the 44.hour week, and receive
about 2s a day more than those working under prlyate enterprise.
Mass production and efficiency of
management are the secrets which
render the scheme a success.
Fruit Statistics of Canada for
the Years of 1923 and
1924.
Imports pf fruits, such as are pro
duced in Canada, follow:
For year ending March 31, 1923
From United Kingdom, $308,047;
from United States. $0,782,389.
As ending March 31, 1924; From
United Kingdom, $300,602; from
United States, $6,910,271.
Total imports: For H>23, $7,207,-
694; for 1924, $7,430,462—$14,63S,-
056.
Exports of Canndinn fruits follow:
For yenr ending March 31, 1923:
To United Kingdom, $0,608,877; to
Unitod Stales, $1,402,548.
As ending March 31, 1024; To
Unltod Kingdom, $7,005,970; to
United States. $734,108.
Total exports: For 1923, $8,375,745;
for 1024,  $8,838,174—$17,21 3,019.
Junior Lnbor League
Tho Junior Labor League will meet
this Friday ovening, at the home of
Mr. Sutherland, 6195 St. Catherines
street for nn  educational  meeting.
The league is holding another danco
In the Elks hall, corner Forty-ninth
and Fraser avenue, on Saturday, May
9th., Dancing from 9 p. m. to 12 p,
m. Refreshments will be served. Admission by collection at the door.
Ladles bringing cakes admitted  freo.
The endurance of the inequalities
of life by the poor Is the marvel of
human society.—J. A. Fronde.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Argentina I
Unequal Labor Distribution.—Scarcity of labor in the Interior and an
excess of wage-earners in the centers
of Argentina bring about a problem
of distribution which the government
ia trying to solve.
Australia
Progress of Workers' Union—Membership in tho combined branches of
the Australian Workers' Union, as reported at its Annual Convention, held
In February, 1925, has increased to
120,000.
Austria
Emigration.—During 1924, only
2,500 Austrians emigrated to oversea
countries, as compared with 15,000 in
1923.
Belgium
Labor Shortage.—While certain ele^
ments of the Belgian laboring class
are migrating to Franco, Industries of
Belgium aro frequently finding it necessary to import Polish. Italian,
Portuguese and other foreign labor,
and the demands of agriculture for
labor are being Inadequately met,
France
Housing Experiment.—The City of
Bordeaux Is carrying on a rather interesting municipal experiment In
building and renting, at comparatively
low prices, small houses designed to
furnish homos for laborers and other
persons of restricted means.
Seamen's Unions Unite.—The seamen's unions at Marseille, whose relations have been unfriendly for a
number of years, have submerged
their differences, come together, and
j elected a common group of officers.
J Germany
Chemnitz Textile Industry.—Thore
has been such a lack of female skilled
help in the Chemnitz textile Industry, that it has bcen necessary to
secure omployoes from far distant
employment ofllccs.
Spain
The averago cost of non-parlor
housos in England in contracts lot by
authorities during February was
$2,100.
house out of stumps, unless he can
pay tribute to the lumber and transportation trusts. We have had what
some arc pleased to call social evolution since the days of the early
pioneers, and with this has come the
equitable distribution of the resources
of the earth under which capitalists
get the timber and the farmer gets
the stumps; and, of course, the capitalists and tho stumps between them
get the farmer.
But even the modern stump ranch
is surrounded with romance. When
dealing with stump farms, romance is
so much more Interesting than reality; and, consequently the allure,
general desirability and profits of
stump farming can best be told by a
real estate man instead of a farmer.
The realtor who sells Vancouver harbor with every lot and who, while
the buyer should be looking at the
rocks and stumps directs hia attention to a view which is cheap until the real estate man sets a price on
it, Is a novice in the higher realms
of salesmanship compared with his
more adept and fluent brother—the
stump-farm romancer. That British
Columbia stump dealers do not themselves become stump farmers shows
how convincingly one with experience
can tell a story without believing it
himself.
Every man worthy of the name has
a longing for a home of his own, for
tbe expression of his creative Impulse,
the desire to see the alchemy of nature, 'he combination of sun, soil and
air under tb" labor of his hands
producing those foods which man
must have to live, Tho dealer In
stumps cleverly works on all those
Impulses which reach down into the
very nature of man. The [worker is
told of the Independence of tho farmer, the healthfulness of farm work,
the desirability of a life lived far
from the .drivelling Imbecilities of the
cities. Tho worker parts with his
savings, representing those sacrifices
which a workor must make, oven un
der tho best conditions, to save. The
worker buys a -convincing talk on tho
Joys of a farm life, that is pure romance and several actvs of stumps.
By the time that he reaches his
farm, he finds that tho romance has
vanished, but that the stumps are
very much in evidence. Many would
sny that he does not achieve his ambition to seo things grow under the
labor of his hands. Theso know little
of stump farming or of stumps. Ono
of the most surprising l.hlngs in all
nature Is the way stumps have of
growing bigger and bigger as one
digs deeper and deeper.
Other things besides stumps do
grow on a stump ranch. lie plants
seeds of various natures, although
sometimes he would be better advised to eat the seed instead of being an optimist. The crops raised
by stump farmers vary, Tbey have n
diversity of crops and crop failures,
but thero Is one stump ranch staple
which   seems   to   do   well   on   nearly
AN AUCTION SALE
Hade -Recently to Fay Doukhobors' Fines for Burning
Schools.
UNDERSTAND POLITICS
Improved Labor Conditions.—Since' evory stump ranch. Our farmer grows
tho present government came into
power in the Bilbao district, it is
stated that there has been a complete
absence of strikes and labor disorders,
and, on. the other hand, a decided
betterment in tho rate of production
in most Industries.
ibis staple, a "morl-gage." The first
part <it' the word, derived from :
Latin word meaning death, convey,
[ta significance for the slum]) rancher
Once a mortgage Is planted It grows
enormously,
The   last   vestige   nf   the   romnn
finally caught. Let us learn lho lesson ond stop fooling with quack
remedies, Rural credits, banking reforms, exclusion of Asiatics, tariff-
up, tariff-down, subsidising a shipping company to break a combine,
taxation reform, etc., etc.
Justice Is the only remedy worth
consideration, Tt Is hygiene in place
of quackery; it is tho substitution of
wisdom for mei'o plausibility.
Get on the Voters' List
REVISION OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA VOTERS' LISTS
MONDAY, MAY 18, 1925
See That Your Name Is On the List, As This May Be Your Last Chance
Before the Federal General Elections
O
NE WOULD THINK that it would be needless advice to give to thc gdnoral publie, to
urge upon them thc need of .seeing that thoir names appear on the voters' list. Tt is,
however, such an essential feature in the political life of our country that we urge it once
again without an apology. Unless your name appears upon sueh lists you are deprived of
expressing your wishes on election day.
The economic burden that the great masses of humankind arc being called upon to
bear during these trying limes, should be sueh ns to impress upon even lbe most thoughtless among us, the importance ol! our taking a more inlclligciil interest in the manner in
which we arc governed. "We have allowed others whose Interests, by the way, are quite at
variance with our own, to govern us and then wc wonder why this country of ours is not
treating us more considerately. Tbe trouble is not with our country. The trouble is witli
the average voter. When one sees the apathy and indifference displayed by the average
worker, men and women alike, one would bo amazed ii' the result were any different from
what it is. Intelligence is a fundamental necessity, and until it is displayed to a greater
. extent than it bas been in the past, we bave little reason for hoping Eor any groat social
betterment,
Wc therefore urge upon every man and woman who might bc eligibly to east a vote
to see to it that their names arc on tbe voters' list. If you arc nol willing to take the
trouble thai might bo entailed by so doing then yon have not tho slightest reason to complain of tbe many injustices that, aro being heaped upon your bead. Moil and women, give
this matter tbe serious consideration that it rightly deserves. Write us aud we will gladly
give you all the information you need upon sneh matters. Other elections will doubtless be
coming along ere. long. So far as wc in Hie Labor movement are concerned, lot us be up and
doing, and not be found napping any longer.   REGISTER NOW.
stump farmer used to work for a
boss and get paid lor somo of the
work ho did. Now he Is working
for a banker and pays the banker
for working for him. Any labor beside that necessary for paying interest which he performs goes for food,
for powder which doea not work in
exactly the same way under a stump
that lt does under the verbosity of a
real estate agent, and for the various
tools to cut the roots or to dig down
to where they have their tenacles
around the center of the earth. If
below the three-mile limit is ever
tapped it will be by a stump farmer
following a tap root. But the work
while tiring, is educational/ No one
can fully appreciate the full majesty
of the giants of the British Columbia
forests until he has traced the ramifications and bifurcations of thejr
gigantic roots. When the stump farmer is not sending a mattock as a
tracer after a root, he is digging a
hole for that stone that ls much too
big for to bo moved. Stones also
grow under the labor of the hands
of tho stump farmor. The smallness
of somo of their outcroppings tire
often as doceptlve as real estate
agents.
Tho stump rancher finally learns
that he Is not only a horny-handed
son of toil, but the abused child of
the entire work family. Ho learns
from the pains in his back that he
was under a misapprehension when
he thought he bud bought a. farm.
What he paid the real estate agent
was an employment fee for a life
Job of working for bankers, an army
of middlemen, all of whom have to
bo supported in tho style in which
they are accustomed, and taxes.
Taxes! Ho works and worries to live
up to the highest privilege of citizenship at the present time—the privilege
to pay taxes.
Then when it seems his sentence ls
for .life, the banker commutes It to
"time already norved." Tho mortgage
is foreclosed. Another chapter is added to thc short and simple annals of
the poor.
Then to prove that stump ranches
exist for the exclusive benefit of real
estate men, hankers and middlemen,
tho farm, on which the stump rancher could not raise anything, immediately becomes productive under the
long-distance farming of a real estate
agent. The farmer could raise nothing on it profitably. The real estate
man raises tho price. It is now semi'
improved land.
The land Is now ready for some
one who has obeyed thu injunction
"Oo west, young mnn, go west, and
grow up With the country." The real
estate man weaves nnother romance
"There are only a few stumps left
and then it will be an extremely val
uabio property," The monoy that tho
C. 1'. 11. or tho National has left the
new arrival rolls into the pocket of
tho real estate man and the banker,
aud the new arrival goes out to lii«
farm, and having come west lo grow
ti p wit h t li o country, he grows u p
like lhe country,—full of humps and
hollows.
On the pralrio while they hnve real
estate men, bankers, mortgages, the
entire tri bo who live on the productive labor of tho farmers, but no
slumps. Vet peculiarly, even In lho
absence of stumps, the prairie farmor
Is attimpod Just tho snme. This is
against the laws of nature. Hut tbe
laws of nature oro nol those of capitalism.
Had They Votes Unlikely Their
Property Would Be Sold to
Pay Fines,
[By John Plckenshoveljl
The Doukhobors at Grand Forks
may not believe in politics, but apparently they are well aware of what
goes to make up politics, and particularly the behaviour of those who
make a living out of lt. One of their
leaders, at the auction sale recently
to raise the fines levied against them
for the burning of the schools, and
Incidently to raise enough money to
provide a good time for the cabinet
ministers while vacating their duties
in Victoria for the Grand Porks' by-
electlon, had them well sized up in
one of his public utterances. He
said:
"If we had votes they would not
be selling our property over there.
No; they would be lifting their hats
to us and would be asking that we
vote for this or that candidate."
That is Just like a politician exactly. The poverty-stricken cabinet
ministers need the money to take
them back east on freight rates, and
on electioneering Jaunts, etc. What
difference does it make to them If the
Doukhobor does work hard for his
money, nor does It matter whether
their women and children do go hungry, the politicians at Victoria must
bo fed at all costs. It Is the same
reason wby we voters are soaked $10
per year for poll and road tax.
The Doukhobors must learn to be
meek and mild, law-abiding and submissive, Just liko we are. He ahould
bo  good,   and  send   his  children   to
school in order to have their minds
soaked In patriotism, militarism and
other such mental garbage. That Is
the way we have been tamed to subjection. It Is reported that some of
them ure showing signs of the Infection we have been civilized to. and
tbnt they aro contemplating forsaking
their religious communism, and the
non-resistance doctrine In order that
they will bc onnbled to behave as do
we civilized beings. Well, thoy havo
our sympathy, and would have some
somo of our courage to combat all
forms of social injustice, if we had
any of it to share.
They may be facing moro starvation bofore the present government is
through with thom. It will be our
turn to face the same kind of music
next winter when the timo comes to
start up relief work.
The Doukhobor asks, "Whnt Is It
going to profit anyone If our womon
and children die in the streets of
starvation?" Weil, so far as we know,
profits have boen made that way before, ln any case. It will be a long
time before the cabinet ministers at
at Vietoria will be In tho "brend lino".
UNCLE SAM SAYS—
1 n the conptry. lifc Is what you
make ft, while In tho city lifo is what
you make.—Columbia Record,
It is asserted that human lutein,
go use reaches its maximum at sixteen
years. After thai thero Is nothing
left   to do bul   learn how to use it.—
Cleveland Plain Denier.
A rumor is afloat thai "Kurope is
trying to lure away the boat Jaat band
talent from America," If Kurope will
agroo lo lure as hard as possible wo
are willing to push-—Detroit News.
Some p
ostors as
bf
?y had
abo
pie
if Hi
matter of fact
New Rates for Agricultural Labor in England Is
Approved.
tnquiror,
Plain   thfll   the
Invented by tb.
mote ih.- denial
go Dally News.
"Don't worry-
to when you ltl]
Record.
in   Ih.
ilr an*
/ontod
thom,
we si
ippose
I'hlbli:
elphia
in, |>e
rfoclly
i puis
li* wns
rusl t
» pro-
.era.
Chlca.
My i
Tho following iu.*w rntes for agrl-1 quostto
Itural workers have beon approvod Qeorge
lho
Agricultural Wages Board ur
cr.iii  Brltlan:
Bedford and limits;   J7.8
hour weok.
Essex:   $7.20 per 60-hour
Hereford: 7 cents nn hou
men workers undor 18, nnd 9
Radnor nud Brecon! *7.1r.
hour woi k.
Sussox: Ovortimo rales for
bc i« cents an I r on wookd
Sundays; womon
Ivo 13 conts and 16 conn i
BPectlvely.
p<
fu
pe
>t
Amalgamate
m old-time *.
rj*i
Sydn
stod
,1th
lhi
Sclontl
un Inch
Us  ha*
thlok
ioso sume important
1">I> up while King
-Balllmoi't, Snn.
found a skull half
Arizona. But why
as Arizona?—Brook*
toil lit Voters' ],Isi.h
April 23. 1085.
1 nlocloral
vision win
tin
nevlsl
Tho ll. C (
contains notici
dlslrlets, Ihu
be held throughout the province on
Monday, .May 18, rm* tho purpose of
revising the provincial voters' lists.
See that .viiui* name la nn lhe list, ns
there ts no telling when lhe federal
govornmont will Bpring n goneral elce-
llmi.
I*-.»*«.".«•*■«..»»**■*.■*......*.
**iii.inm....ii.iiiiini
.*■•■*.■•.••.-.<••».-......
mil) of Ihnl city. The legion uf ron*
lore, Including Tho B, C, 1*'** li ration-
st,  wll)  greatly nils*, thai  vorimtllo
VOCkly, I 111  lh**ll Ihey Will b0 COIlSOlCd
ii the fnci thai the Hydno) l_abor
lady Is the largos! aiul boal workers'
*iiin.il in ihe world,
What   about  your   neighbor's   sub*
scription?
.en
■nly-flv*
* por enn'
nt tho li'iuses
taml
nod  by
tin* Snnlti
iry   lns|iei'liirs
We
-1    11.1 Ml
. Knglnnd
nre found nut
,  he
III.    Ill
nil reaped
.s, for humnn
ililla
lion
G
. W. \
.   X. Will t
'ii*ii|M*nit(>
The
ay i
(1. VV,
v. .\. tee
oorato wit
liled on Tuos-
b   tbe   Trndes
ml 1
.nlnir  1'
inincll In  i
'alslng a fund
nr   c
iX-«orvlt
•e   mon   In   the   mining
dlslrlets of .Vova Scotia. Page Two
seventeenth YEAR. No. is BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver: b. c.
FRIDAY May 1, 192G
Published every Friday by
Tke  Britiah  Columbia  Federation!*
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controlled   by   the   editorial   board   of   the
Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
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the efficacy ol competition come to f***"**-■■■■■
tho point where -ley are compelled
to admit its failure. If competition, or
in other .words, duplication of effort or
service ls wasteful and Inefficient In
tbe large transportation systems, it
then follows that it Is wasteful and
Inefficient in all other social undertakings.
Another sidelight on this question
of competition appeared In the same
paper on the same day. At another
committee inquiring into ocean rates,
Mr. Cleminson, manager pf the British Chamber of Shipping, in answer
to a question by counsel for the government, stated that "the object of
every commercial man is to get what
price he can and reduce cost of service." This Illustrates the point which
we wish to make, namoly: that private ownership is concerned about
onc thing and one thing only, and
that Is profit for the owners. It is
true that in order to make this profit some service must bo given, but
in all cases the service given Is the
minimum which its patrons will stand
for, and the price the maximum that
tho traffic can bear.
Economies in any Industry are effected, mainly, by reducing the
amount of labor that enters Into the
finished product. This means the
elimination of the number of workers
employed and the speeding up to a
greater intensity the services of these
who remain. But the workers discharged must find employment In
aome other capacity or else become
a burden on the state. But the state
can only get Its revenue from pro,
ductive Industry, so that the problem
resolves itself into this circle. The
employer eliminates labor to cheapen
production; the discharged worker
must be fed, clothed and sheltered
by state. The state must tax the em,
ployer to feed, cloth and shelter the
worker that was discharged from ln.
dustry to cheapen production.
The older we get the more respect
we haven't got for bourgeoisie econ.
omlcs.
*-« quently can have no genetic relation-
Organic Evolution
LABOB NEWS
808 Centre Street, Calgary
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[By  Charles  Hill-Tout,  F.  R.
F. R. A. I. etc.]
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SEATTLE. WASH.
E0KHA?T NEWS   STOBB	
FRIDAY May 1,  1925
[Note—As many enquiries raach
this offlce from time to time, the editor will reaerve space to deal with
such matters, under the above heading. Communications addreued to
"Notes and Queries Bdltor" will bs
handled aa quickly aa space permits.
—Ed.] 	
LOOKING BACKWARDS
r[B period between August. 1914
and the present time has been
one of many dissapolntments to the
socialist thinker. His first dlsappoint-
men came with the collapso of the
International socialist movement in Its
attitude toward the war. It was
thought by the average socialist that
the international viewpoint of the
rank and file of the socialist parties
and their adherents was strong enough to overcome their national sentiment. This, however, did not prove
to be the case, and we found avowed
socialists lined up with the parties of
the capitalist class, and shouting for
the blood of their fellow-workers in
other countries.
Then came the armistice, the
"peaie," and "relonstruitlon"; the revolution in Russia, and the hope that
the workers in other countries would
make an effort to use the means at
their disposal to secure a greater
Bharc In determining their own den-
tiny. This also failed, and the yearn
immediately following the war found
the socialist movement disrupted by
internal dissension.
However, despite all these disappointments and all the seemingly fall
ures, we contend that the socialist has
no reason to lie pessimistic or downhearted; the fundamental bases of
socialism ls as true today as ever it
was.
It ls ono of the principal leneiits of
socialism lhat capitalism holds within itself the germ of its own destruction. And, taking a view of world
conditions, we find evidence on every
hand to prove conclusively that world
capital lam is grappling with a problem which cannot be solved in any
manner which will allow oapitalism
lo survive.
The problem facing tbo capitalistic
world today is how to maintain Its
profits in Industry, reinvest Its surplus profits and feeds its ever increasing hold of unemployed, propertyiess
wage-workers.
That Is the problem racing our
captains of Industry nnd finance; our
statesmen and empire builders, and
their antics In seeking a solution gives
ono a feeling that they do not understand tbe problem which they are
trying to solve,
H. J. M„ Prince Rupert: The Labor Gazette has been issued monthly
by the federal government since September, 1900. It has a circulation of
about 12,000. It is not a propagandist
publication like The Federatlonist.
PARENT; Scholars attending B.
C. schools for school-year ending June
30, 1924: Boys, 48,712; girls 47,492—
total, 96, 204. Percentage of regular
attendance, 82.39. Vancouver High
school. 2,786; elementary school 18,-
686—total. 21,372.
POULTKY RAISER: B. C. Legislature discussed the marking of eggs
coming from China and other foreign
countries early In April, 1916. It was
held at tbe time that imported eggs
regulated the price of local fresh eggs,
mostly used for cooking In large food
establishments.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by Tbe Federatloniat, and
no responsibility for tbe views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
WE WEBB miK
item   of   news
ANOTHER  MYTH EXPLODED
nuch interested In an
that appeared ln
the capitalist press on April lho 22,
last: "Amalgamation of tbo C. P. It.
and C N. R. Solution of Railway
Financial Problems, Thornton Tells
Commons."
We are glad to *"*■ this Btatement.
Not thnt wo feel thai tho amalgamation of the two railway systems would
solvo anything ns far as this dornln
lon is concerned, except the problem
facing tho C. P. R.. thai is, how !j
Increase its profits. We are glad to
see tho advocates and  exponents  of
The Hydro-Electric Age
Editor  B. C.   Federatlonist:    Three
electrical experts have given me an
estimate of the average man  power
employed, per horse power of electrical energy used.    One says one man
constantly  for one  h. P.  Is tho average.     Another   says   two   for   every
h. p.    Another says throe for every
h. p,    For purpose of calculation, let
us   tako   tho   most   conservative,  one
man to ono h.p., so the 210,000 h.p.
we now export would employ 210,000
men  hero  at  home;   and,   estimating
their   average   pay   conservatively   at
say  $5.00  per day,  for  300  days  per
year, equals $i,r.oo in woges for ono
h.p., or over $1.00,000,000 per annum
for   tho   210,000   h.p.   now  exported.
The publlo should lie Informed as to
the conditions of power export.   Why
not somebody publish a copy or tho
export   part   of   tho   contract,  so   wo
may see definitely whether It is contingent upon  Canada's requirements
or  otherwiso.     The   Ontario   government,   whom   I   su pposo   mado   the
original contract, would have one, the
Ontario    Powor    commission    would
havo control  uf or access to  It, and
tiie dominion government would have
a  copy of tbo  portion   providing for
their authority to Issue licenses. Tho
Hydro Electric Power commission of
Ontario I think might at least publish    that   portion   of   tbe   contract
dealing wltb tho duration and export,
so tho public might know.   We havo
passod tho "Ice age," tbe "stone ago,"
are   Just   about   through   with   tho
"coal age," and In thc Infancy of the
"hydro-olectrlc age." Why tbo standstill sinco tbe Chlppawa power canal
was completed?    If development bad
boon,'actively   continued   since   then,
either    by    a    duplicate    Chlppawa
alongside, or Cornwall and other Ht.
Lawrence  and  Ottawa  developments,
by   this   time   wo   would   have   hail
omploymont   for   a   large   additional
population.    In fact, tho "unemployment doles"  botweon then and  now
would have provided for a vory considerable, and  served  a  much  bolter
purpose,    Why not brace up lo our
duties and opportunities Immediately
and mako Canada go ahead?    Action
and results are what tiie people want
today.    Yours  truly,
W. O. RHALKY
Hamilton,  Ont.,  April 18, 1925
ARTICLE XXII
N THE preceding articles we have
sought to present some of ihe
more obvious aspects of the evidence
upon which the doctrine of organic
evolution has been established; and*
It must be admitted by all unbiassed
persons, that the cumulative force of
this evidence is very great; so great
indeed that no amount of the specious
reasoning usually Indulged in by the
anti-evolutionist can successfully
meet or refute It. For even If it
be conceded that some few portions
of this evidence may conceivably be
interpreted in other than naturalistic
terms, it remains undeniable that the
major part of lt ls wholly without
rational explanation or meaning, If
considered apart from the point of
view of an evolutionary process In
nature.
But tho class of evidence to be adduced In this and the following article is still more indisputable and
of such a purely naturalistic character as to be absolutely meaningless
and without any possible explanation, even the most labored and specious, If we attempt to Interpret it
In any other way than in terms of
organic evolution; or refuse to admit
a genetic relationship between the
other members of the Primate order
and man.
This evidence is drawn mainly from
the presence of non-functioning and
wholly useless vestigial organs or
structures In the life-forms of today;
and from the science of Serology or
the "specificity" of blood.
Vestigial organs are relics of structures which are commonly function-
less In the organism possessing them
and which from long disuse have be
come more or less atrophied and rudimentary; but which in the earlier ancestral forms of thoso organisms obviously served some useful purpose.
Under the force of the law of heredity,
scores of these structures are found
lingering on in a rudimentary condition in the organisms of today.
Nothing shows more plainly the evolutionary changes which have taken
place in the past in'the organic world
than these same vestigial, non-functioning structures.
Attention was called, in our embryological discussion, to the fact
that children are sometimes born with
hairy bodies like those of the young
apes; with webbed bands and feet,
like those of a frog; and with a projecting tail. Quite recently it was
reported that a child had been born
in a New York hospital with a caudal
appendage of this kind which had
to be removed by a surgical operation. If the doctrine of evolution
be rejected, and if man be not genetically related to lower forms of life,
how comes It that he is occasionally
born with an abnormal growth of
hair all over his body, which bears
a close resemblance to the hairy covering of the young ape; with webbed
hands and feet like those of the frog;
nnd with the base of his spinal column
elongated Into a distinct tail after
"the manner of the tailed animals.
Under a common-sense, naturalistic
point of view the presence of these
useless, abnormal structures can be
reasonably and satisfactorily explained; but under the "Special Creation"
theory of the anti-evolutionist, they
are absolutely without rational explanation of any kind; and when, regarded from such a point of view
can only detract from the dignity and
wisdom of the Deity.
There are numerous other vestigial organs or rudimentary structures
besides these. Any text hook on Morphology or Comparative Anatomy will
furnish scores of them. According
to Weldersheim, man himsolf has not
less than   180  of those relics  of the
St C.^eye.n^ which are later evolutionary
structures, are better adapted for the
sweeping of dust or other foreign
substances from the eye-ball than was
the more primitive nictitating membrane, and hence its "vestigial form
In ourselves and in the other mammals,
A study of our teeth reveals to us
that degeneration is taking place in
some of them, particularly in the
third molars, our so-called "wisdom
teeth." These In our remote ancestors
were the biggest and strongest of the
grinders. Today with moBt of us they
are the smallest. Originally they Had
three fangs and five cusps. Today
they normally possess but two of the
former and four only of the latter.
They vary, too, not only In Iheir
structure but nlso In the period of
their development. They do not appear till we are woll advanced In lifo
and are usually the first to decay
and disappear. They are certainly
passing into a rudimentary condition.
A still more interesting and a more
decidedly vestigial feature Is soon in
our eye-teeth nr "canines," whioh has
no possible explanation other than a
naturalistic one. The roots of these
teeth start much farther up or down,
as the case may be, in our jaws than
do any of the other teeth. There is
absolutely no reason for this peculiarity at this stage of our development;
and It is quite meaningless unless we
see In It evidence of the fact that thc
canines of our remote ancestors required deeper and longer roots than
did the other teeth, because of their
more pronounced development and
the consequent greater strain upon
them.
That our canines were originally longer is shown by the fact
that today they are seen to extend, in
the jaws of many persons considerably beyond the level of the other
teeth, sometimes being almost doglike In appearance. We saw, too,
that in the mandible of Piltdown man
they were decidedly ape-like In their
growth and apearance. We cannot
doubt, therefore, that this deep-
rootedness of our eye-teeth when
there is no longer a need for it, is a
vestigial feature In them which has
persisted down to the present day
under the influence of the hereditary
principle.
Then there Is that rudimentary
organ the vermiform appendix or
prolongation of the colon, which has
so often to be removed from us now<
a-days on account of the trouble It
crea'tes.
All these and a host of other similar rudimentary organs witness to
structures within us which in earlier
times were useful and apparently
necessary to some of our ancestors,
and which are today still functioning
in lower life-forms; but which, by
reason of the evolutionary modifications that have taken place, or are
even now taking place within us, are
no longer necessary or useful to our
selves.
Normally, man has 12 pairs of ribs;
but occasionally a 13th rib appears.
This suggests to the evolutionist that
at one time in his bodily development man had, as most of the anthropoid apes today still have, an extra pair of riba which he later lost,
possibly as a result of taking the upright posture. The apparent loss of
this 13th rib should gladden the
hearts of the Fundamentalists who
still take the atory of the creation of
Eve from a rib of Adam literally;
only they ought to be told that one
of the present day man-apes, like man
himself, has likewise normally only
12 pairs of ribs. What became ol
his 13th rib? Did an Eve for him
spring from It?
But more interesting than an occasional 13th rib in the human body,
nnd something mueh more difficult
to explain away, is the appearance
at times in man of a number of extra mammary glands.   Ordinarily hu
past  within   or  upon  him;   most  of
which point to more primitive eon-j man beings possesses but two of these
ditions of life nnd to bis descent from situated on the breast. Now, to the
lower forms. ' evolutionist.   It  becomes  In  this con-
In the 300 muscles wo possess nnd
are known to share with tho Qimilru-
mana, there nre a number which are
ordinarily ftinctionlpss today; such
for example as those in our outer
ears. In other animals and even in
some of the lower primates themselves, such as the baboon, the ma-
racus and othor monkeys, those are
relatively large and In full functional uj.e; but in man and the higher
apos Ihey are seen to havo greatly
dwindled In size, and oro now ordinarily functlonless.
It is well known that many animals
are able to move tbelr skin by means
of subcutaneous muscles. We may
often see tbe horso, for example, 'disturb the flies whicb Irritate its body
In this way. Wo, also, possess remnants of these muscles ourselves;
somo of which, such as those of the
forehead, hre still active, but the
greater number of which have gone
out of uso. Most of these skin mus
ilcs still actively function in the monkeys aud anthropoids.
There are many other of these vestigial muscles In our bodios some few
of which certain persons are still able
to uso, and all of which present tho
closest homologies with normal muscles of the same kind In tbe Quadra*
muna and olher mammals.
ln tbe inner corner rt our eyes
thero is a little pulpy mass to h<
seen. This is tho relic or vestigo of
a membrane that In our remote ancestors formed a third, semi-transparent eye-lid known as the nictitating lid, such as wo saw tho birds had
inherited from thoir reptilian ancestors, but which wo no longor use or
noed. This same vestigial organ is
found in all animals of the vertebrate class from tbo fish upwards to
tbo mammals, In a more or loss ru
nection a highly confirmatory bit of
ovidence—but   it  must  on  the  otber
hand be most perplexing and disturbing to lbe opponents of evolution—to
learn  that  the  mammary glands  develop and go through tho same phases
ln the embryo of man as thoy do in
tbe embryo of all the other mammals.
In both we may see what is called iho
"milk line" or "mammary ridge" appearing in  lhe  Gth  week of development.   This milk-line or ridge extends
along eaoh side nf tbe body from the
axilla or armpit to lhe groin.    Along
these ridges the nipples for suckling
tbe young will later appear.   In most
eases tlio number of these nipples will
bo fairly proportionate to the number
of young tbe female bears at one time.
As many as sixlcen nipples may appear
or as few as two which Is the normal number for man nnd the other
primates.     Yet   it   is   a   well-known
fact that In  about  fifteen  per cent
of human boings one or moro supernumerary   nipples   are   to   be   found
upon tho body; and as high a number as sixteen  have  been known to
appear at  times,  two of theso  being
on the thigh.
How shall we explain the presence
of these supernumerary organs in tho
humnn body if we deny an evolutionary process In nature? Wby does the
mammary ridge appear at all in lhe
human embryo if lt*be not a recapitulative phase which, records, under
the oporation of tho law of heredity,
an earlier ancestral condition, when
our romote mnmmnllau progenitors
habitually gave birth to several offspring nt tho same time?
Regarded in Ihis light both "milk-
tine" and supernumerary nipples aro
reasonably explained; but If man was
created out of hand by a spocial
act of Creation as lbe Fundamentalists
diluent ary    condition.      Our    present | would   huve   us   believe,   and   conse
ship to the otber mammals, why does
his embryo go through exactly the
same phases of development in respect of his mammary glands—not to
mention other features—as do theirs;
and why do these useless extra nipples appear upon his body? Before
our opponents denounce and reject
the doctrine of evolution they ought
to give us a satisfactory answer to
these questions. They have never
done this yet, and we do not see
how they ever can.
But the strongest and clearest evidence offered, of the truth of evolution by the presence of vestigial structures, is that drawn from such highly-
modified animals as the snakes, the
whales and the mombers of the horse
family. The rudimentary organs and
relics found in some of those constitute the strongest and most signal
proof of an evolutionary process thnt
could bo desired. The snakes are
relatively modern creatures nnd have
all been derived from earlier reptilian forms which possessed limbs. It is
impossible to doubt this, for we find
today the evidence of these former
limbs ln the remains of a pelvic girdle
and In portions of the thigh and leg
bones, in that region of their bodies
where tho pelvis and hind limbs are
always  found.
Thus the thread snake Glauconia;
the worm-snake Typhlops, and tho
slow-worm Acontlas all possess relics
of this kind, in one phase of degeneration or another. In the python,
and other allied forms, we find portions of the Ilium—the anterior part
of the pelvic arch—of the femur or
thigh bone and of the tiba or leg
bone and claws. What are these
structures—all of which belong only
to limbed-animals—doing within the
body of the snake, if they are not
relics of a former condition of life?
It is impossible to explain them away
apart from the doctrine of evolution.
When the limbs have wholly disappeared as in the case of Typhlops and
Acontlas, and the remaining pelvic
girdle is free from any attachment
to the ribs or spinal column, what
functional value ..an we conceive
them to have? The only possible explanation of them Is to say their presence is due to degenerate mutations
or adaptattonal responses on the part
of the snakes, to altered conditions In
their lives.
That the snakes, or rather the
forms ancestral to them, were animals with hind limbs like the other
reptiles, is clear from the evidence
we may gather from their embryological phases. In one of these phases
the rudiments of the limbs formerly
possessed by their ancestors are seen
arising in the form of what is called
"muscle-buds." These are identical
with the same rudiments found in
other embryos in which the limbs
later develop. It seems impossible
to satisfactorily explain the presence
of these "buds," which in the snake
emhryo later disappear, if they do
not represent earlier, anatomical
characters in the ancestral history of
the snakes. Indeed, they can be no
more explained apart from evolution
than can the presence of the glll-slfts,
the webbed fingers and toes, the hairy
body and the tail of the human embryo.
Similar degenerate mutations or
adaptattonal modifications are seen
In the whale family. The Baleen
whales have no teeth today, and, under the conditions of their present
life and their mode of feeding, do not
need them; yet their embryos have a
full set. But the strange thing about
these teeth is that they never even
cut their way through the gums, and
so can never function. What use, it
may be asked, can teeth, cut or uncut, be to the whale's embryo? One
falls to see how they can be of any
more service to It than are the webbed fingers and toes, and branchial
slits to the human embryo. Why
then are they present? There is only
one possible onswer. They aro vestigial organs, recapitulative ancestral
phases, which occur In the embryo
by virtue of the law of heredity, which
Is slow to let go what It has once
acquired. By the same token rudi-
metary hairs are also found on the
body of the young whale whicb disappear bofore it reaches maturity.
The present-day whales are sen
mammals, livo the life of fishes, and
so do not neod the hind limbs formerly possessed by their ancestors,
are, indeed, better off without them;
and bonce thoir disappearance. But
lhat thoy onco possessed them is perfectly clear from tbo fact that vestiges of them are found buried in the
flesh of the whales of today just as
wo saw thoy wero in the bodios of the
snakos. We find remnants of the pelvis and tho femur in all degrees of
degeneration. In some whales the
thigh-bone Is represented by thc merest relic burled In the flesh of the
animals in tbe region of the pelvis. In
others both pelvic-bone and thigh-
hones are almost Intact. What possible explanation for theso varying
vestigial structures can be given apart
from the claim that the whale is a
modified land animal whose ancestors
resorted to an aquatic existence and
in course of time lost their hind-limbs
by degenerate mutation or adnptive
response to their new conditions of
life? There is none; and what clearer ovidence could we ask of the truth
of the evolutionary docrine than is
furnished by these relics In the whales
and In the snakes? v
But let us take another Instance
of this vestigial evidence; this time
from the horso family. We saw in a
former article tbat the horse, as at
prosent constituted, Is a (mo-toed animal, but wblch, notwithstanding
showed clear signs of its descent from
an earlier five-toed ancestor. That
tho splints or side bones in the horse's
leg today nre vestiges of earlier toes,
becomes abundantly clenr, npart from
tho evidence of Paleontology, by tho
fact tbat these splints sometimes bear
distinct externnl, little hoofs which
nro suspended ln the air at the Hide
'of tho leg.   Many cases of this dovol-
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opment of the splints are known to us.
History has recorded that Julius
Ciesar possessed and rode a horse
marked by this peculiar, vestigial
structure.
Again the tail bones In a bird have
no meaning or adequate explanation
unless viewed In the light of the long,
articulated tail seen in Archffiopteryx
and In the tails of its reptilian ancestors. Still another instnnco from the
birds. In the embryo of the ostrich
we find more toes present thnn appear
later In the adult forms. Why should
tbls be if these birds are not descended from an earlier flve-toed ances^
tor?
The dew-claws of dogs, cattle, sheep,
pigs, and other animals are only to
be satisfactorily explained in the same
way.
Before those who are opposed to
the doctrine of organic evolution reject it and deny Its validity they ought
to furnish us with a satisfactory and
reasonable explanation of these vestigial structures in man and the other
Hfe-forms. But this .they have never
done nor do we think they over can
do.
But enough has been said of these
surviving relics of former conditions
of life. In tbe next article we wtll
briefly direct our attention to the evidence to be drawn from Serology or,
to employ a more popular term,
"blood tests".
(To Be Continued)
WEAR-
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Forms of tender with specifications anil
conditions attached cnn be obtained from
ti. W, Dawson, Purchasing Agent, Department of Public Works, Ottawa; J. E.
Tyr, Supt. of Dominion Buildings, Winnipeg, Man.; H. E. Matthews, District Resident Architect, Winnipeg, Man.; G. J.
Stephenson, District Resident Architect,
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Resident Architect, Calgary; J. C. Wright,
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Secretary.
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NOTICE
Issue of $300,000.09 of 6% (15 year) De
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said Act.
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Hy accepted.
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Commissioners.
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[By F. W.  Moore]
■TH} analyse the meaning of war it
ia necessary to consider its cause,
cure, Import and effect.
Of all the causes to which it is
attributed, the commonest ls the irreconcilable difference in the' mental
attitude assumed by contending or a
series of contending nations: or in lieu
of that, as waB the case in the last
war, the perversity involved in the
whims of an imperial war-lord. The
former of these statements is about
as lucid as lf we had said that toothache was caused by a pain In the
tooth; the latter Ib so idiotic that comment on tt would be sheer waste of
time.
These popular conceptions are, of
course, the result of propaganda. The
reading public must remember thc
editorial diatribes against the kaiser,
or the recurring excoriations of tho
whole German race that featured the
front pages of the dally press from
1914 to 1918; but If one cares to
look up records of past wars he will
flnd that we are no exception when
it comes to heaping calumny on the
backs of our enemies. All countries
do It, and always did it. The enemy
is for ever a .diabolical scoundrel,
while the German ar Frenchman or
other Individual who is slandering the
enemy is everlastingly, a paragon of
perfection.
Many people, who fail to recognize
the fact that war is Inherent ln capitalism, imagine that a counter attack
with propaganda embodying antithetical principles to those in vogue,
would have the effect of making war
impossible. There can be no doubt
but that it would help; yet behind
conventional propaganda Is the money
power of the world a power which
Is the instrument used In preparing
the mass-mind to expect war, and
then In precipitating the conflict at
the opportune moment.
The fact of the matter Is that waits an economic necessity due to forces
that are incidental to the rivalry between groups of nations In contend-,
Ing for the natural resources of the
earth, or for the spheres of Influence
that ure in one way or another connected with the acquisition of a market for the disposal uf their surplus
commodities. These are the proximate conditions necessary to Imbue
the cause of war with a living spirit.
When, for Instance, in the early
days of the nineteenth century England was the work-shop of the world,
there was little or no competition for
a market in which to dispose of her
commodities; but since then all Europe has set up in business and as each
nation takes Its place in the world
market, the rivalry becomes constantly more keen. It becomes cumulatively harder to accommodate all the
patrons as time rolls on; but the patrons must be accommodated as one
of the conditions of their growth and
development as a power to be reckoned with in the family of nations.
The metaphorical life-blood of such
a country as Britain, with her teeming millions, ls her power to control
certain sections of the International
market, most of which were gained
by the old conventional method bf
force of arms, a method which has
been in use at all times, and by all
nations; but when force is called into play lt immediately becomes clear
that the first law of nature, self preservation, has been challenged; 'tis
equally obvious that just then the
work of the propagandist bears its
nefarious fruit most proliflcally.
Had he not been compelled by circumstances and been apt by disposition to outclass Ananias In the a'*t
of making Insinuations that were in
effect veiled lies; did he not excel in
producing the same result with half-
truths he would never have been the
cause of having had millions of his
countrymen led In cold blood like
lambs to the slaughter; but it would
not be business for our friend, the
propagandists, to quail at such trifles
and after all did not the man who
lashed the tails of the Kilkenny cat
together act in quite an analogous
manner? And was not a mlnature
drama of the same naturo enacted as
the   felines   proceeded   to   eat   each
The Arsenal at Springfield
THUS is the Arsenal.   Prom floor to ceiling,
•1 Like a huge organ, rise the burnished arms;
But from their silent pipes no anthem, pealing,
Startles the villages with strange alarms.
Ah, what a sound will rise! how wild and dreary
When the death angel touches those swift keys I
What loud lament and dismal Miserere
Wili mingle with their awful symphonies.
I hear even now the infinitte fierce chorus,
The cries of agony, the endless groans,
Whieh, through the ages that have gone beforc us
In long reverberations reach our own,
The tumult of each sacked and burning village,
The shout that every prayer for mercy drowns,
The soldiers' revels in the midst of pillage,
The wail of famine in beleaguered towns.
Were half the power that fills the world with terror,
Were half the wealth bestowed on camps and courts,
Given to redeem the world from error,
There were no need of arsenals and forts!       •*•
■
The warrior's name would be a name abhorred!
And every nation that should lift again
Its hand against a brother, on its forehead
Would wear f or evermore the curse of Cain.
—Longfellow.
Page Three
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other up while swinging across the
clothes-line? Did not the same unconsciousness of the cause of their
suicidal madness pervade the atmo-
shere. And were not thc whole proceedings undertaken by an undevel
oped type of the human animal, who
had "moved upward" sufficiently to
wear a mask of semi-civilization, behind which one could see that the
"ape and tiger" referred to by Ten
nyson, had not yet died.
Does not the enjoyment of pleasure
of whatever nature, that accrue from
such a source, suggest the idea that
the development of the "happy one'
towards a real civilization was of the
type so low that, of it, a high-class
bushman might well be ashamed? It
Is not, however, altogether In a taste
for these pleasures that the degradation lies, but rather in the unconscious and stupid destruction of opportunities for achieving something
vastly higher in that line.
It ls an open secret that the wiel-
ders of the money-power of today
are for their own sordid ends responsible for the prostitution, or poverty
of art and artists ln the widest application of the term. They are creators of vulgar chicanery and double-
dealing in political life that has been
one of the chief factors in destroy
ing the fine principles of truth and
honor that were such a prominent
feature In the ideals of the common
man just bofore the Industrial revo
lution.
These soul-destroying misleaders of
men perpetuate conditions that must
necessarily be Incidental to all thi
crying evils on which the existence of
monopoly in the means of life depends, such as semi-slavery, with Its
complementary condition of suppressed manhood; political hypocrisy with
its progeny of "heelers," Its ubiquit-
Lpus supply of potential "stool-pigeons'
and warped ethical standards.
This tremendous power of the mon
opolists exists in every Industrially-
developed  country of the world, and
used equally ln them all to bring
those baneful conditions on the helpless cftizens of a war-crazed world
nor can any power on earth avert
war while monopolists must maintain
their supremacy by befuddling thi
brains of the common man, and thus
laying all humanity open to the pen
allies inflicted by circumstances for
for failure to take advantage of available opportunities. Perhaps it might
be excusable to digress for a moment
In order to quote Mr, Wells on this
point; at page 198 in his "Outline of
History" is the following:
"There was no process of enslavement as civilization grow, but the
head men and loaderly men grew in
power and authority and the common
men did not keep paco with them,
and fell into :i condition of dependence and   insubordination."
There aro peoplo who recommend
a Christian spirit as a panacea for
all human Ills and lo that we would
reply that all forecasts of the effect
of tho Christian spirit must lie necessarily be subject to tho laws of relativity quite as much as calculations
concerning the motions of the heavenly bodies. For Insta nee, It is not
hard to sec that if a million bushmen
from Centrnl Africa were permeated
with the Christian spirit to the limit
of their capacity to bc affected by
it, they would in no way, other conditions being normal, be ablo to ward
off the attacks of five hundred Well-
drilled pirates armed with machine
guns; nor would the judgment be al
all contrary to either reason or experience If wo concluded that the
pirates would probably claim that In
their act of slaughtering the Philistines they were prompted by a Christian   spirit   to  tako   up  the   "White
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
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Man's Burden" of civilization. This
is no indictment of real Christianity,
which can only change an unlettered
heathen relatively to his 'knowledge
of the lawa that govern his life, and
in the same manner, any phase of
Christianity that ignores the laws
governing the relations between capital and labor, Is not religion, but
a system of theology merely, of little
practical use.
The Christian spirit Involving a determination to bear and forbear
would be reactionary In the extremes
unless it Involvled on our part a
knowledge of the ethical value of
those principles with which we were
asked to deal, else Jesus Christ himself would never have said "Know the
truth and the truth will set you free.",
This then Is the method of solving
the problems Invovled In the abolition
of war. We must, as soon as possible,
educate ourselves to understand in a
general way, the main principles underlying the causes of wealth and
poverty, of monopoly and slavery, as
seen from the view-point of humanity as distinguished from that of the
propagandist. When we are able to
understand the meaning of conditions
as they arc, Instead of accepting the
"pipe-dream" interpretation of them
offered by monopoly, from the cradle
to the grave, we shall be In a fah
way to establish an Industrial federation of the world In the Interests of
humanity—a federation whose affairs
would be regulated In the "Parliament
of Man."
The terrestrial house would then be
divided against itself no longer; the
cause of war would have disappeared
and nothing would remain In connection with it but the amazement of
the people of the future whenever
they consider that their ancestors had
been governed by stupidity for so
many ages of the past.
We have now dealt with the cause,
the cure, and the import of war as
people are indirectly affected by preparations for it. It only remains to
make a few comments on its effects
on the world at large, and in no way
can this he done better than by showing the effects of Its abolition. That
will emphasise what we are missing
now, and that Is the most Important
effect of all, Once more wc shall introduce Mr. Wells who In the volume
already quoted, at page 1094'when
referring to the "Federation of the
World" says:
"It would mean such a release and
Increase of humnn energy as to open
a new phase In human history. The
enormous waste caused by military
preparations and tho mutual annoyance of competing great powers, and
the still more enormous waste due
to unproductiveness of tlie great masses of the people cither because thoy
aro too wealthy for stimulus br to
poor for efficiency, would cease.
There would be a vast Increaso In
the supply of human necessities,
rise in tho standard pf life anil in
what Is considered a necessity, a development of transport and of every
kind of convenience. ... It Is reasonable to conclude the Athens of
Pericles, the Florence of the Medici,
Elizabethan England, the great deeds
of Asoka, tho Tang and Ming periods
In art, are samples uf what a whole
world of sustained security would
yield continuously and cumulatively
without supposing any chango In humnn quality, but merely Its release
from the present system of inordinate
waste. History justifies that expectation."
Could any truth bo more self-
evident than that embodied In the
above statement? The realization of
that truth noeds no higher mental
development than that attained by
the pupils of the seventh and eighth
grades In our public schools. Tho
veil referred to Is the only ibstaclo
In tho way. When It has bcen lorn
aside In a sufficient number of thoso
statos called "world powers" men will
hasten in the enthusiasm of an awakened brotherhood to throw away for
ever, thc barbarous Insignia of their
present evolutionary status; they will
consign to the scrap-pile nlntjty-nino
per cont of their weapons of war.
those fratrjcldat weapons peculiar to
a vory low grade of seml-clvltization.
Thoy will havo commenced a new
era In historical time. It will suddenly
dawn on the humnn race that many
of tlio military leaders considered
great today; many world-famed monarchs whose greatness was founded on
slavory; many Illustrious authors,
whoso famo rests on the glorification
of war for war's sake, will be con
sidered great only In the Bense that
■In the kingdom of the blind, the
one-eyed are kings".
It Is not for us to designate all the
human factors on whom responsibility for turning loose the dogs of war,
rests. Some share of the blame must
be closely related to the apathy of
the ordinary citizen concerning a
knowledge of the relations existing
between himself snd society in his
own and in all foreign countries; for
as Mr. Wells remarks at page 327 of
the book quoted above: "Common
men cannot shirk world-politics and
at the same time enjoy private freedom,"
Need we dwell any further on the
horrible horror of horrors, the war-
fiend, who today behind the same
old veil, is preparing to drive its
sabre-toothed fangs into the warm
life-blood of the youth who were too
young to be sacrificed ln the world
war, and unless humanity awakes In
time, lt wtll ere long be possible to
sing in Ihe words of Sir Walter Scott
concerning the youth of tho land that
today fill so many homes with glad-
ness:
"Like the dew on the mountain
Like the foam on the river
Like a bubble from a fountain
They perished, and forever."
That this forecast is not overdrawn
may be deduced from a few statistics
for which we shall refer to Wells for
the last time;  at page  1051  of his
Outline is the following:
'There were ten millions of people
killed In the late war; twenty-flve
millions died through hardships and
disorders entailed, while scores of
millions were suffering and enfeebled
from undernourishment and misery."
Surely the war spirit is remorselessly and relentlessly bestial and diabolical. In Its beastliness It partakes
of the nature of the tiger and the
ass magnifed millions of times. It
is the quintessence of all imaginable
wickedness, and Inspires us to ask in
the language of the poet:
"When  the  stars threw  down  their
spears
And watered heavens with their tears;
Did he smile his work to see
Did He who made the  lamb,  make
thee?"
To this we would reply In the words
of Tennyson:
  can he tell
Whether war "be a cause or a consequence ?
Put   down   the   passions   that   make
earth Hell
Down  with  ambition,  averlce,   pride
etc"
Averlce is a very expressive term.
It is the verba! cloak of a quality in
which Is hidden a multitude of sins,
not the least of which Is the Internationa] crime of war.
Is it not Incumbent on all men and
women to make a study of the meaning of an Industrial government operated in the Interests of all the people. In that lies the possibility, nay
the certainty of the acquisition of
power by means of which we may exorcise the devil of war. A power by
the aid of which wo may Invoke
from tho ashes of the pre-Constantine
martyrs the ancient spirit of an all-
powerful Christianity.
MINERS' TAG DAY
Special—The city council hns
granted a "tag day" In aid of Nova
Scotia Miners' relief fund, Friday,
May 8.
If you are really in sympathy
with labor, be a booster. The
Federationist is ont to do its bit.
Help it.
Fifty-three local authorities In
England and Wales have undertaken
housing schemes by direct labor.
Imperial Range
THE BEST PROCURABLE AT
$59.00
THERE'S no range been on the market for many years that can equal
the Imperial for value.
Of course, there are higher-priced
ranges, but for appearance, economy
in fuel, and baking qualities, it is in a
class by itself.
It's built on the latest improved lines,
and gives excellent service and lasting
satisfaction. It's made exclusively for
the Hudson's Bay Company, bought on
our collective buying plan to sell at a
low price. It has six 8-inch cooking
holes, duplex grates for coal or wood,
nice size oven with thermometer in the
door and full nickel trimmings.
Bakes splendidly and heats water
quickly. Wonderful value.
Terms 10% CASH, and $10.00 monthly.
(_ iNConpoMATCo "*->a*** mav ioto       *R "■ ■
War—the end of hope, the gate of
despair, agony, and death.—-Mary
Roberts Rinehart.
The moderate man never goes to
the bottom of any question.—Rawson
Gardiner (historian).
Pass Tbe Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
Phont Baj. 11BI.        SIS OAttALL ST.
G. S. MASON & CO.
EsUbUl-td  XIII
A FAOTOAT TO* E__U__U_N> EKW-
OBADB WAIOHSS, OLOOXS,
OHBOMOHITBU AID JBWaUf
Antique Olocki, 0_loi9|T-P_lt Ae,
Weather OlUMI
Freih * Ont Flowen, Funeral  Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plant*,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bnlbe, Florist* Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AMD W CliSERYMEN
t—STORES—<
41 tuition Street But. Sej. 9II479     6>t Orurille  Street Sty.  1511-1911
1S1 H.itl_£i Street Wert. Ser. 1370    10-17 <Hor,l» SttMt Weet. Ser. 7.11
"SAT II WHO IXOWZBS. >
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
** McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Nanaimo and District
Wide interest is being manifested in the splendid Educational Articles now
appearing as regular features in
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Official Organ of the
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
These Articles of Advanced Thought are highly appreciated and extensively
raad by many labor men and women who think as well as work.
Subscription Price: Year, $2.50; Six Months, $1.50   5 Cents per Copy.
The Federationist will be pleased to receive Ntews Items, as well as Manu
scripts bearing upon the Labor Question in Its Widest Application
to Society Today.
Sample Copies may be obtained from the representative of the B C Fed
erationist, who will also be pleased to receive copy and subscriptions for the
paper, by undersigned.
JUST RECEIVED
THE OFFICIAL REPORT OF THE BRITISH TRADE UNION DFr W A
TION TO RUSSIA-234 pages, with Maps and Illustrations.   Price  $1.50
THOS. A. BARNARD
Book Seller and Stationer
63 COMMERCIAL STREET, NANAIMO, B. C. Page Four
SEVENTEENTH  YEAR.    No.   IS
BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouveb, b. o.
FRIDAY May 1,  1925
■HM
Pj
_>3
r.
Farmer - Labor
The time has come when these two great groups must unite-
There must be a greater understanding of each others problems
BOTH GROUPS ARE BEING EXPLOITED. BOTH ARE BEING ROBBED OF THE
FRUITS OF THEIR LABOR. BOTH ARE FEELING THE PINCH OF PRIVATION,
SOME OF ACTUAL DESTITUTION. FOR EVERY EFFECT THERE IS A CAUSE. WE
KNOW THE EFFECT; LET US SEEK THE CAUSE AND ERADICATE IT.
THERE never was a time in the history of the Dominion of Canada when the Farmers
were finding it harder to bear up under their burdens than they are today. Why
do such conditions exist? There is to be found in this Province of British Columbia
soil that is unsurpassed for its productivity; a climate that is well adapted for the growing of an unlimited variety of farm products; the farmers themselves are a thrifty, industrious, hard-working group. As the result of all this, there are grown in this province
fruit and vegetables and other farm products, world famed for their quality and appearance.
In spite of all this, such a state of affairs as is depicted in the following, taken from
the Duncan report, published by the Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada, exists.
TELLING EXCERPTS
Extract from a letter from A. C. Stephens at Vernon, who was collecting Summerland
accounts:
"To W. E. Carruthers, Nash Supervisor, Calgary, Alta.:
"I sure stepped into a nest of hornets there, without knowing where I was going till I was up against them. The way
feeling is running down there it is a wonder I got anything at
all. Charlie Brosi was well spoken of, and the mutual organization generally, but it was largely a matter of a lot of them being
right up against it, watching their families starving, and they
just naturally turned 'red.' It is a bad time to ask a man for
money or for a note."
Another extract: Mr. Snow, of Mutual Limited (Vancouver), writing to Carruthers, states as follows: "The writer is
meeting the local growers daily, who are talking as though they
were a bunch of starved Russian refugees."
Mr. Snow, to Mr. Carruthers, further quotes: "Do not think
for a moment it gives the writer any pleasure to advance money
to the growers. We would have been much better today if we
did not have to worry about some of the advances we are continually being asked for. You ask if they are absolutely broke
at Victoria. We do not see any difference between the Growers
over there and those in any other place, only that they are just
bent, not broke."
PLAYING ONE AGAINST THE OTHER
The people who have been living off the farmer and the industrial worker have been
playing the one against the other. Long tirades have appeared in the public press for the
consumption of the farmer, pointing out the short working hours and high wages which the
city worker, it is claimed, through the medium of his various trade unions, has been able
to command. This was the "red herring" that was drawn across the trail to divert the at-
' tention of the farmer from his real exploiters.
When, as is admitted by all, there is such a marked difference in price between that
paid by the worker for the farmer's products, and that received by the farmer for those
products, it is evident that the worker is little, if any, better off. It is obvious that a large
amount of this "spread" is being absorbed along the way and in a manner that works
equally to the disadvantage of both the worker and the farmer alike. Evidently the farmer
is beginning to see this, as is shown by the following communication received by the Duncan
Commission from a grower: .:'r''l?»^";:r"''......
i„, ' A RANCHER'S INVESTMENT
«* * * a rancher's investment brings him no interest, small or large, and his time is
counted for nothing. Yet we go to Vancouver and elsewhere and see with our own eyes
our fruit being sold at very high prices—yet we dare not spend a cent other than for dire
necessities. * * * We must go on working or let our ranches die, or go elsewhere and
earn money, as several are doing right here (I could give their names) to live and pay help
to keep the trees alive."
CO-OPERATION
Another thing that the farmer is beginning to see is the benefits that accrue to him
through co-operation. The following extract from the Duncan report: "The producers of
British Columbia may be classified as organized and unorganized, and are known as co-operatives and independents. The co-operative associations, which represent an achievement in
organization, have made possible what slight amelioration there has been in the condition of
the growers. The independents are enabled in some cases to avoid certain of the overhead
to which the co-operatives are subject, but, in so doing, they take the benefits created by
their fellow-growers without contn-ibuting to the cost; and, in many cases, by their unregulated marketing seriously disorganize the market for both parties. Like some fungus, they
sap the strength of the tree which shelters them."
FARMER AND INDUSTRIAL WORKER
The problem that confronts alike the farmer and the industrial worker is how to free
themselves from the control of the big financial interests that are today robbing them of
the fruits of their labor, without rendering any necessary service to society. As the necessary factors in production, there are two parallel paths by which the farmer and the worker
must proceed to become the masters of their own destiny. First, through co-operation in the
production and distribution of the fruits of their labor. Second, by co-operating upon thc
political field, securing control of the various legislative bodies.
THE FIRST STEP
A Dominion election is a possibility during this year, and must come in 1926. As a first
step, the farmers should organize on a political basis for the purposes of united action on
their own behalf. It is a case of "their minding their' own business." They have allowed
the old-time politicians to ran their affairs quite long enough and now they should take a
hand in it themselves.
LABOR WILL CO-OPERATE
We are quite sure that labor will meet them more than half way. We would suggest
that the matter of organization of the farmers be left in their own hands. They understand
the conditions as they exist in their own localities and can the better organize to meet their
particular needs. With a programme of co-operation they will, undoubtedly, find that labor
will be more than ready and willing to co-operate with them.
WRITE THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST does not attempt to lay down a programme or platform
for either the farmers or the industrial workers. Sufficient for us is it if they accept the
principle of co-operation as opposed to individual action. The actual policy will be worked
out as time goes on. However, we are anxious for a discussion on this matter by the farmers, and we would suggest that they write to THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST, giving us
their various viewpoints and suggestions. It is by an interchanging of ideas that we hope to
make any advancement along the lines of real progress.
AT THE THEATRES
lioiirskaya Will Sins Here May ll
Fired on by Tsarist Cossack troops
while one of six thousund students
at a Petrograd University demonstration, prima donna in the great Kits,
slan opera House when Stolypln was
assassinated, a refugee In Ekaterin.
berg when the ill-fated Tsar Nicholas
and his family were prisoners. Mmme.
Ina Bourskaya has had many excit.
Ing experiences. Forced at last to flee
from her native land, the famous
singer reached America with a number of fellow artists three years ago.
No sonner was what critics term "her
glorious voice" heard by the managers
of the Metropolitan and the Chicago
operas, than she was engaged to appear with both companies. Ever since
she has sung leading roles at the
Metropolitan, and in Chicago during
thc summer opera season, a tribute
both to her superb voice and to her
dramatic ability which In freely described as amounting to genius, Whon
Mme. Bourskaya appears in concert
at the Orpheum, on Monday, May 1
she will be only the socond Bussian
singer to be heard In Vancouve
following Vladimir Rosing, although
Russian pianists and violinists—El-
man. Moiseiwltsch, Helfctz, Rach.
maninoff, Zlmbaliat, have appeared
here under the same management.
■
House Painting
There Is considerable talk about
painting houses going the rounds
these days. Painting one's house at
reasonable intervals does not mean
much to anyone of money, but It
means a whole lot these times to almost any worklngman who Is even
fortunate enough to have his own
home paid for, let alone one carrying a mortgage on his house. It
goes without saying that if a few
houses remain unpalnted long enough it cheapens practically every
house within sight ln the locality. We
notice that one enterprising paint firm
In the city has introduced a partial
payment   plan,   which   helps   house-
ners to paint now, and pay off the
bill in Instalments. This should be
a big help to those who take pride
In keeping their places splck-and*.
span.
Two hundred and forty thousand
acres of agricultural land in England
are owned or managed by the Ecclesiastical commissioners.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARRISTEBS, SOLICITORS, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan  Building
837 Hastings St. W.,   VAHOOUVEB,  B.O.
Telephones: Seymour 6866 and 6667
Manifesto and Platform
—OP THE_—.
Federated Labor Party of B.C.
THE FEDERATED LABOB PARTY is organized for the pur-
pose of securing industrial legislation, and the collective ownership and democratic control of the means   of  wealth  production.
Private ownership of the means of wealth production (lands,
forests, mines, fisheries, mills and factories), is the basis of the present
system of society. The ownership of these natural resources and the
machinery of production is vested in a small minority of the people,
who, because of this ownership, constitute the real rulers of the
country—the ruling class.
This class ownership of the means of life, with the restrictions and
appropriation of the fruits of labor necessarily following it, is the root
cause of the present insecurity and privation suffered bj the working class.
The large majority of the people—the working class—being property less, must obtain the necessities of life through the only channel
open to them, i.e., by selling their labor power. The only condition
upon which they can do so is that a profit must accrue to the owning
class from the process. Profits for the few and not the needs of the
many is the motive underlying production.
The farmer, despite the semblance of ownership which appears
from the occupancy of the land and the machinery with which he
works it, is in approximately the same position as the propertyiess
wage-worker. The wage-worker sells his labor power direct to the
capitalist class for a price (wages), and that which he produces belongs to the party employing him or her. The farmer converts His
labor power into other commodities, (wheat, oats, etc.), whieh he
must dispose of in the open market, having little or no control over the
disposal of his product. The result of his toil passes into the hands of
the* capitalist class in rent, interest and profit just as surely and completely as does the product of the labor of the wage-worker, which he
(lhe wage-worker) leaves in the mill or factory when the whistle blows
at the end of the day.
Thc production and distribution of the things essential to our
needs has reached a stage of development in which it requires the
active cooperation of practically all the productive forces in society;
social production has superseded individual produetion. Our ultimate
objective is, therefore, the collective ownership of things collectively
produced and collectively used. The need and well-being of society
must be the regulator of production.
The present ruling class maintains its ownership in the means of
life and consequent exploitation of the workers through its control of
the powers of the state. This present system of government is controlled by the same class which controls the industries, and hence
is used in their interests. Under these conditions the welfare of the
masses is a subordinate consideration.
Realizing this, it logically follows that the working elass ean not
improve their condition in any permanent way until they assume the
powers and functions of the state. This can be accomplished in this
country by talcing advantage of our politieal privileges and electing
working-class representatives to all legislative and administrative
bodies. The working class itself must be its own emancipator.
Taking into consideration the international aspect of the development of capitalism and the interdependence of each country upon all
other countries for even the partial functioning of the productive
forees that obtain to-day, we realize the impossibility of the working
class of any one country—even if the entire government was within
his wifo and three childron present Jits control—formulating and carrying out, unaided, a complete pro-
•■tST-V So:.^C^SS^GntTh;_?ratnm« "J socialisation.   We therefore pledge our support and eo-
operation to all groups, of whatever nationality, having similar aims.
One of the Few
One of the greatest presentations of
the social problems that are everywhere confronting mankind today jn
this old world of ours, was presented
to the patrons of the Empress theatre during this week, During the performance, which it was my privilege
to enjoy, I am sure there was not
a dry eye in the whole audience, and
many left with aching throats as the
result of the pent up emotions which
they had stirred within them. Many
of the clergy were there to witness It;
and, no doubt, they received some
real food for thought, and it is hoped
that their congregations will benefit
the rosult of their visit. If ihey
do not, then they have been remiss In
their duties as followers of the lowly
Xazarene.
The leading part, played by Mr.
Millar, as the young enthusiastic
clergyman who believed in living the
true christian Ufe, was the outstanding feature of the play. The depiction of the part played, only too often,
by our churches of today, in the life
of our community, was most beautifully portrayed and so true to life—
all too true. The struggle in the lives
of the clergy, when faced with the
stern realities of lifo, as represented
by the big interests represented in
their churches, and the principles for
which they are supposed to stand,
was indeed, most realistic. An understanding of the great social problems
tliat are everyday confronting the
worker Is evident throughout the
whole of the play, The author of,
the play, Mr. Craddock, is to be congratulated, as Is the management of
the Empress for presenting to Van.
couver such a wonderful play.
We would, most earnestly, advise
everyone of our readers to see this
wonderful play. Your time and money would not be spent more profitably.
At the Orpheum
Since Duei De Kerekjarto, the brilliant Hungarian violinist, left the concert stage to accept the ilrst Orpheum
circuit vaudeville tour, he has been
one of the most popular musical acts
on the circuit, lt is with prido that
the Orpheum theatre announces that
Karekjarto will be a feature on next
week's programme, Muy 7, 8, and 9.
Five members of tho same family
will appear in one vaudevillo act on
this programme whon William Morris,
;I
sketch is called an "Observation in
One View," and was written by Mr.
Morris himself.
The senior member of two well-
known vaudevillo teams will be represented when Florence Tempest, formerly of Tempest and Sunshine, and
Homer Dickinson, formerly of Dickinson and Deagon, uppear with their
smart little offering of repartee, song
and dance. They are billed
"Broadway's Smart Couple".
"Let's Danco" is said to be one of
the best dance acts seen on the circuit for many a moon. In the cast
arc Eddie Frankly, Mctlushion Sisters,
(iortrudo and Dudd, Chic Stanley, the
six foot four comedy dancer, and a
pair of smart steppers called Dubow
and Rosa,
Milton Bcrle, "The Wayward
Youth," will be heard In a monologue.
The Six Hassans have a novelty offering with a desert flavour, One
other big act, tho Aesop's Fable and
Topics of the Day, along with Bill
Pllllngs Orpheum concert orchestra
completes a very snappy t_.il.
m
.;r.
v7*
"BOB HOY"
rTIII_: big production of "Hob Hoy,"
■*■ on May 4, 5, and (1, In the Orpheum theatre,'will be among thc
most iiotnhle events In the season.
Scores of friends vividly remember the
production about ton years ngo he-
fore packed audiences in tho old Opera House, when Alan H. Stevenson
played the rolo of tho Immortal Bailie
Kicol Jarvlo and arc looking forward
lo soe him In the same role noxt week.
Other mombors of tho cast have beon
likewise carofully selected, Including
somo well known ln dramatic and
musical circles; and ns cast and chorus will number about a hundred, the
colorful effects on tho groat stage
will havo an Impressive effect. The
magnitude of tho play—In four acts
■maltes a mnny skied appeal. The
romance of the Loch Lomond country;
Iho stirring drama of the outlaw life
with mnny tense thrilling situations;
tho vein of Jacobite plot; the shrewd
humor of Old Glasgow typos Including tho Unfile; tho strong characteristic choruses suggestive of the
heather; the love scenes and songs—
they oach contribute to a gripping
drama  with  strong climax.
Wilbur 0. Clrnnt, tho well-known
conductor, will direct tho orchestra
and chorus, of which Mrs. Berry )s
lending soprano.
Tickets are at popular pricos, $1,10.
RO cents, and fifi cents, tax Included,
and patrons are nslcod to note that
thc curtain will rise at 8 p. m.
The piny is produced by the Scottish
Dramntio Society, with tho patronage
nf lhe Soaforth Highlanders of Canada and various Scottish Societies In
('iron ter Vancouver,
The exacting rohenrsnls of lhe chorus with Mrs. Horry, talented soprano
loader, havo boon efficiently accompanied by Miss Mary M. Hood, L.A.B.
The Federated Labor Party will support all legislative measures
having for their purpose the betterment of the condition of the working class, but we maintain, that so long as the workers are content to
sell thcir life's energy in the market they must accept the conditions
which the fluctuation of that market*entails.
The present productive forees of society are quite sufficient to supply our every need and comfort; but the present system of production
and appropriation denies to thc great mass of the people the bare
necessities of life. AVhile the few revel in wealth and luxury, millions are done to death by slow starvation. Knowledge of the cause
of this phenomenon is absolutely essential to intelligent action.
Class ownership of thc means of production; class appropriation of
the soeial product of labor, is the cause of this denial to the workers
of an opportunity to participate in the fruits of their labor.
Collective ownership of the means of production; social appropriation of that which is socially produced, is tlie only means to end exploitation.
Iu the foregoing we have given an outline as brief and concise as
possible of the bnsis of present-day society.
The Federated Labor party as a socialist party holds that the difficulties whicli the working class is laboring under can only be .removed
by a change in our economic system. For this reason we do not put
forward any lengthy list of immediate aims.
By working class we mean all of the people wbo must labor by
hand or by brain and have no other means of support.
The function of the party is to organize and educate thc workers
along political lines ns the surest and safest way to get control of the
powers of government. Once having secured that power it will be
used to liberate where it is now used to oppress.
Changes come slowly as the people lenrn slowly and to try and
force changes before the mass of the people are ready for them will
ony defeat the end we have in view.
Before thc workers can advance to power they must gain confidence in their own ability as organizers, legislators and administrators;
and the best way to creato that confidence is by contesting the election to every elective office.
On the platform, around the council table or in the legislature we
shall put forward and work for the passing of such reforms as the
workers think necessary for the strengthening of their position, but
our ultimate goal is the socialist state,
MpraUii iCabnr \fnrt_ nf %.<&.
APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP
/, the undersigned, endorse and subscribe to the furtherance of the
declared objects of the Part*, and agree to be governed bs the
Constitution thereof.
Name	
Address —
Phone No Occupation -
Proposed  fcji •*	
Date ,	

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