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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Jul 4, 1924

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■"THE sun had set behind the hills
and the purple shadows beneath
"The Lions" were fast deepening
Into the blackness ot the night:
Above, their majestic outlines stood
boldly out against the saBron sky
while a brooding stillness sottled over
land and sea. The air was filled with
the fragralnce from the pine and the
growing vegetation carried down In
the imperceptible currents from the
darkening  hills.
My soul WM filled with delight
at the unrivalled beauty spread
around me on every side. But as
a cloud obscures the beams of. the
sun amd casts its shadow on the
landscape so a thought sweeping Into my mind seemed to dim the loveliness of the scenes around me and
caused me to exclaim aloud, "O, the
contrast! Ths perfect beauty of the
earth and the untold misery and suffering of ita inhabitants! Who can
unravel the mysteries of it all?"
In response to my fervent question
a soft sweet voice replied: "The
mystery *<f sin ntnd sorrow, wliich
you deplore, is not difficult to solve.
Arise and we will Journey together."
I rose to my feet and gazed In the
direction of the voice. Dimly outlined in the gathering gloom I discerned a majesties flgure of tho human
shape. It seemed to be composed
of some thin ethereal matter through
which the objects It Intercepted were
dimly visible. It was not like a mist
or any substance I had Been before,
but lt seemed to me as lf the .ther
had been compressed till lt had affected my sense of sight. I felt no
fear, but stood and gazed calmly and
expectantly upon the vision. Again
came the soft, thrilling voice from
the shape.
"O! mortal, conscious of the evil
which surrounds thee, and blind to
the true cauBe of that evil, and,
therefore hopeless of redress, thou
art unhappy. Come with me and
let us look over the earth together.'
Instantly, as In a dream, the aeene
had changed. Gone were the darkening hills and the saffron sky. The
shape at my side I found myself
traversing the squalid allies of a
large city. We turned Into one
darker and more dismal even than
the rost. The atmosphere was stagnant and evjl-smolllng, and, though
it m_ day, no cleansing and refreshing sunbeams could penetrate Into
that abyss. Children, ill-clad and
jinwashed, played mirthlessly ln the
gutters. Men and women slouched
along, for tho most part, silently and
sullenly engrossod ln their own immediate needs, and stamped in every
case with the unmistakable hallmarks of want 'and disease. The
shape stood at my Bide, and, for
somo time we watched them pass
till a fierce Indignation took possession of me, because this wretched-
It» Encouragements and Discouragement*—Prepare for the
Next Election
Iliy T. A. Barnard, Nanalmo]
As one of thoBe moro or less active spirits ln the labor movement
In BC. for several years past (came
to B. C. ln 1907 to seek my fortune)
I have nn elementary knowledge of
Bome of tho ups and downs therein
during that period, and have to admit, In taking n retrospective view,
I can flnd mnny phases to cause discouragement; but believe, taking a
wider viewpoint, tho encouragements
outweigh the discouragements. The
labor movement propor, must be
based upon tho bedrock of socialist
philosophy, and ls therefore International In scope. It Is as yot too
enrly tn predict whethor or not the
Canadian labor party will produco
the nocosary ingredients to successfully weld together the different elements In B.C.'
Howevor, this much can be sold,
It has mado a good start. For Instance, If the liberal party editorials
Indicate the signs of tho times, whon
suggesting labor be given representation in tho cabinet, they, at any
rate, soe in it a potent force that
challenges, thoir future existence.
The recent rovolt amongst the federal farmer members to the Woods-
jvorth labor group, further Indicates
some undercurrents that are hopeful
and encouraging signs." But in taking an international viewpoint, things
appoar to be moro encouraging Btlll.
probably the most significant evidence of reconf events ls in tho leftward swing ln South Africa, where
not only the governmont was defeated
but Premier Smuts himself was defeated by a labor candidate. (Smuts
la considered by many persons as
the ablest capitalist stateman discovered during or sinco tho war). But
to return to British Columbia. What
are wo going to do hore? Go forward with a real* live labor move-
.'ment? If this Is not dono, the workings of atrophy will destroy the
strong babe recently presented to
us In the form if the C. L. P.
. Thero appears to be two phases
that need Immediate attention: . ono,
'a united vigorous labor paper; two,
an organized preparation for the
next olection.
e^noss ai. .__ squalor, thts hopeless existence, could be tolerated in a world
so beautiful and prolific, and as I
realized that, only an infinitesimal
fraction of the stupendous misery
af .the*. wo?ld had been revealed to
Again tho scene was changed, and
we were walking through the wards
of a great hospital,. The rows of
beds were filled with emaciated
beings, some Quite' still as lf waiting
for the touch of death's finger, others
groaning and feebly twisting and
turning in their agony. Ward after
ward we traversed, till my soul grew
sick within me.
Once mare the scene was changed
and we were passing along a corridor
of a vast prison, where we caught
glances of sullen and depraved faces
glaring at us from behind the bars
of steel. Caged brutes, convicted of
breaking the laws-of men, being converted Into sullen demons by the
eye-for-an eye, toot h-for-a-to oth old
world  savagery.
Stone dens, insufficient space,
feeble Hgtht, brutality and soul-destroying surroundings, and yet we
pray: "Forgive us our trespasses as
we forgive those who trespass against
us." A fdollsh prayer surely under
the circumstances, and one which we
should cut out of our supplications,
as each one of us must hear our part
of the responsibility for the savagery
of that punishment through our
damning acquiescence in the things
which  exist.
We passed on and were traversing
the corridors of an Immense lunatic
asylum. Terrible shrieks and groans
came to our ears from the padded
rooms where in their mental agony
the Inmates were making frantic efforts to tear the life from their
bodies. Drooling beings, poor distorted images of God, slunk past us,
casting at us furtive and appealing
glances, and there were some that
laughed a mockery of laughter in
which was no joy nor mirth. My
eyes grew dim at the terrible revelations.
We passed on to a hospital devoted ta the incurable victims of the
war, and may God in his mercy preserve me from such sights again.
Mutilated beings, hardly recognizable as humans lay on their beds or
sat huddled In chairs—limbless,
burnt and broken beings, tortured
fragments of once bright and happy
men, to whom naught but death could
■bring surcease of pain and mentnl
torture; victims of war, tho climax
of folly, shamo and ain.
Then I cursed in my inmost soul
thoso depraved and soulless wretches
who with their pictures and their
poems glorify the vilest expression of
human .depravity—war, and when
war comes seek not to glorify for
themselves but force their less fortunate fellows to their doom.
The shadows beneath the Lions
had deepened Into night and those
majestic outlines were barely discernible against the dark purple of
the sky. The presence stood on a
slight eminence some little distance
away from me, impalpable but discernible, a mere suggestion of a
"Mortal," and the soft, clear tones
thrilled through every fibre of my
being, "thou art grieved and . yet
thou hast seen but an infinitesimal
part of Earth's suffering. No human
mind could grasp the stupendous
whole of lt.
"The cause of it is human selfishness. Man was made for happiness
and there Is none, only fleeting selfish satisfaction whose reaction Is a
sting. Reason was bestowed upon
man that he might flnd the eternal
things, and he has sought only the
bubbles that pass. There is one law,
and only by obeying that law can
he find the happiness which is eternal. Outside that law there is only
pain, sorrow, and disappointment.
The law cannot pass away. It is
eternal. Let me illustrate the working of tho law so that all can understand and partake of the eternal
"On a bright island of the sea lived
a hundred beings, and in all their
thoughts and ln all their deeds they
lived in accordance with the Jaw.
They lived in forgotfulness of self.
Each was not tho g,reat I of your
poor, deluded world. To each the
others wero the cause of his activities, for whom ho over strove and
worked. Yet mark, O, deluded mortal, through thfs observance of the
law oach received ninety and nine
beneficent reactions. So the law
on orates.
"Your social system Is founded on
selfishness, the antithesis of tho law,
and you have seen a little part of
the results—gluttony, want, sickness,
sorrow, unrest and war.
"Some among you begin to recognize the unnecessary misery, and with
good intentions seek to alleviate it.
But sticking plaster Is of no avail.
Only by the observance of the law
can the change come: all elso is
vain, and as your earth system is the
antithesis of the law, it must bo replaced by one working for the good
of all, or humanity is doomed Indeed."
The voico ceased and I turned in
the direction of tho shape which
seemed to melt Into the ether as I
looked, and was gone,,
Calls for Highest Degree of Consummate Art and
Two Thousand Years Ago a Man
Who Told the Truth Was '
(Prom Australian Workeri
Britain admits that he has no
art as a public speaker, and his confession of ineptitude ln that respect
does credit to his candor. But he
spoils the effect of this frankness by
going on to say, "The truth, however, needs no art at all, and that is
why I always tell it."
Brother, there is nothing in the
complex muddle of existence so difficult as truth-telling. It calls not
only for the moBt consummate art,
but for the highest degree of courage. The man who aspires to elucidate the truth must be a maBter of
exposition. He must be familiar with
all the subtleties of thought, and all
the niceties of language, and a good
deal of the knowledge of his time.
And he must be so brave that the
merely physical pluck of a V.C. pades
and flickers in comparison—a fitful
light beside a steadfast star. It takes
a mighty hero to sally forth from the
snug haven of conformity against
the enthroned and embattled lies of
the world. Very few can do it—Baldwin certainly not. He is leader of
the British conservative party. And
what is conservatism but the acceptance of lies which have become established in the daily lives of the
people, and have set up a despotism
of orthodoxy to which the wealthiest
and most influential sections of the
nation bow down.
It's a simple matter to go round
spreading falsehood on fundamental
questions. The man who does it has
the full support of the capitalist press,
and the praise and countenance of
prominent citizens.
But the truth-teller! Two thousand years ago a Man who told the
truth was nailed upon a cross and
raised derisively to the heavens. And
even before that day, one, for the
truth he told was given the hemlock
cup. Since then the worshippers of
lies have revised their methods, but
the devil of persecution still dominates
their hearts.
Less crude ways of crucifying and
poisoning have been devised, that's
all. With this modification—this
concession to progress—history is
ready at any old time to repeat the
tragedies of Christ and Socrates.
Labor Party
TF YOU subscribe to the
*■ principles for which the
F. L. P. stands, write your
name and address plainly
below, and send to Secretary Federated |abor Party,
Room 111, 319 lender West.
Alberta   Methodist   Conference
Passes Besolution Opposing
,     Cadet Training
What   Bussia Is Accomplishing
with the People at Head
of Affairs
John E. Campbell Dies
John B. Campbell, a well-known
and popular figure In the Washington state labor movement," died recently at his home at Everett, aged
43 years. He was a member of the
shingle-weaver's union and served
three terms in the state legislature.
Defence Funds*
At a co-operative congress held ln
Sydney, New South Wales, it was
proposed to invite unions to Invest
surplus funds ln the New South Wales
Wholesale Co-operative society in
order to provide money and food supplies  for lighting through strikes.
Of .28,511 persons working in 1922
in and around the mines in India*,
142,103 were adult males, 78,806 were
women, and* 7,602 were children.under
twelve. In that year 25 women
Were   killed.—Mr.  Grundy,   M.P.
The Federatlonist believes in a
"cultural revolution," not a "bloody
Thc  Federatloniat  Is  lighting   for
the rights of the masses.   Help it.
Organize Local Labor Party and
Elect Officers—R. 0. Higgins,
[From Our Own Correspondent]
New Westminster, B.C., July 3—
At a meting held last Fridny in tho
labor temple In this city, a large
number of the supporters of Mr. R.
C. Higgins, Canadian labor party
candidate In the recent elections, met
to discuss the aflvisnblllty of forming a political labor organization.
There was a strong feeling that a
loeal branch of the C.L.P. should ho
formed. The programmo of the "C.
L.P. seemed comprehensive enough
to embrace mon of all shades of
thought. However, since the B. C.
section is an affiliated body, with no
provision in its constitution for the
establishment of local branches, It
was decided to form nn organization
to be known as the labor party of
New "Westminster, and to subscribe
to the platform of tbe CL.P. and
affiliate with* the B.C. section.
The following officers wero elected:
President, Rj O. Higgins; flrst vice-
president, Mrs. T. Cook; second vice-
president, Dan McDonald; seeretary-
trensurer, Dnvid B. McCormnek;
members of executive committee; A.
Sprice, Mrs. Jns. Barrett nnd Chas.
Study for European Powers That
Prefer Asiatic Colonies Ruled
by Foreigners
™ ' an American writer who has
Journeyed about 6,000 miles in the
empire of the soviet union, gives a
most favorable account of Russia's
policy with regard to her Asiatic
states. Under the new regime, the
native languages are recognized, and
the various tribes are permitted and
encouraged to use these in the courts,
in the schools and in business.
The Russian government has established in Moscow one of the most
curious and interesting educational
Institutions in the world, the so-called
"University of tho Toiling East,"
where one finds students from almost
every Asiatic rnce, pursuing various
courses. Some of the women students "come from regions where it
still means death for n woman to expose her face on tho street. The
aim of the university is to give general  nnd  technical  knowledge.
"In the city of Kazan," said a
young Tartar to Mr. Chamberlin;
"formerly we Tartars were an oppressed and despised people. But
things have changed since the revolution. Now we have our autonomous governments, our own officials,
our own* schools, the right to use
our own language in official business."
The little Armenian, republic became involved ln war with Turkey
and neighboring republics in 1920;
Oreat Britain and France promised
assistance which waa not forthcoming. Then the country became famine stricken and was overrun by the
Turks, It was at Its last gasp when
soviet Russia came to the rescue;
and now, after three years of peace,
the little country ls recovering, and
even the national Ist middle classes
are not really hostile to the Boviet
In Baku, the revolution seems to
have broken down the rigid secluB-
lon of women, and lias had some suc-
'eess In spreading education among the
illiterate Mohammedan people. Thc
policy of the soviet government discourages any tendency towards nationalist persecution.
Across the Cqspan sea in Turkestan,
tho revolution has brought about
more marked changes. Beforo ils influence was felt, education was a
monopoly of the Russian governing
clique, and practically no provision
was made for the needs of tho native
population. Now there are elementary schools nnd teachers' training
schools for all the peoplos of Turkestan and even the nomad tribes arc
being reached In the winter months.
In the future these races will not be
tho illiterate slaves of Russian exploiters.
Much the same applies to tho Tartars wbo arc n gifted and nrllstlc
people, as one can seo from their
intricate and delicate embroidery, anil
from tho graceful outline of tbeir
mosques nnd old towers. Now the
Tartars have lhe opportunity to work
out their own national individuality
without being crushed by an unsympathetic  foreign  mule,
Undoubtedly tho soviet government
may mnke mistakes at flrst; but, on
tho whole, the efTect of their rule
is thoroughly good. Tho"re is undeniable evidence of n spirit of solf-
assertlon on tho part of long oppressed
peoples; and tho presence of nntlves
(Continued on page 4)
[From Hansard, House of Commons] fcumb aa a parliament to the threat
People Qf Canada Never Knew
Whole Truth About Atrocities
of Great War
—-      . \
[By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.l
"THAT the attitude of the church on
war is changing Ib manifest on
all sides. At a recent session of the
Alberta conference of the Methodist
church a resolution was passed opposing cadet training. The Calgary Albertan, under date of June 3, reports
the most exciting discussion of the
conference was held yesterday afternoon when the evangelical committee
suggested a resolution that the conference put itself on record as being opposed to military training in the
schools as being entirely militaristic
in character and that lt should recommend that the cadet training be
replaced by some form of drill and
discipline which is entirely divorced
from the Idea of war.
Rev. John Oliver, of Champion,
spoke on the evil moral effects of
warfare and emphasized the fact that
the people of Canada never knew
the whole truth about the war, about
the [atrocities and brutalities committed on both sides and even of
the true Btory of the Lusitania,
"When I was in England I read In
the daily papers stories of the brutality of the Germans," he declared,
"but when I arrived at the bull ring
in Le Havre, the last training camp
before we went to the front, one of
the bayonet drills which I waa told
to perform was that of practicing
how to stab wounded German soldiors who were lying on the ground.
I protested against that training as
being incompatible with fair fight'
ing and I was told that I deserved a
white feather. I consider it impossible to flght the war in a clean and
ethical manner and, therefore, I am
utterly opposed to military training
of the school children."
Rev. J. W. Balnbrldge said that if
the cadet training were not militaristic what was the meaning of their
shooting at targets representing the
bust of a man In silhoutte, just as
he as a soldier had shot at when in
Rev. Robt. Pearson, who opposed
the resolution, has the following comment: 'tThis ■motioh can' have no
other meaning than that the Methodist conference of Alberta has decided
against the policy of having any
body of men who can be of service
In case our country is attacked, and
tacitly adopted the policy of the Tol-
stoian pacifism. There can be no
other meaning from the adoption of
this resolution and from the tenor
of the speeches of those supporting
it. If it be wrong for boys to know
how to uae weapons, then it must
be wrong for those who are older."
In this connection we might quote
from a recent article in the Christian
Guardian, the official Methodist organ, which, during the war, was
strongly militaristic. The editor now
says: "There Is surely not an intelligent civilized man left In all the
world who thinks that there is any
virtue or goodness, or saving*grace
In war, and most of us have been
driven far beyond that negative position to the very positive and inescapable belief that war is for our
day and time a hideous, utterly mi'
christian,   unforgivable   crime."
For the future, many of us are
ready to say that if God will grant us
grace to live up tp our present determination and Ideals, never again,
under nny conditions will war have
our sanction, or our blessing.
Postal Strike Terminates
[Special to B. C. Feflerntlonlst)
Ottawa, July 3.—The strike of postal
employees at Montreal. Toronto, Hamilton, London, Windsor and this city
has ended.
Policy of Single International Organization of the Sexes
single trade union organization for
both sexes was warmly advocated at
the conference of international women
trade unionists, convened by lho International Federation of ""Trade
Unions, and held at Vienna last
Forty-four delegates, ropresontlng
trade union centres of Austria, Belgium, Oreat Britain, Jugoslavia,
Czech o-SI ovule la nnd Germany were
present, tho president being Johann
Sassenbach, of the i.f.T.u., while
Anna Bosohek was in the chair.
Miss Edith MacDonald, British delegate, expressed thc hope that tbo conferonco would make concrete proposals for n campaign in favor of international amalgamation, and lho advancement of tho organization of
womon in trade unions. The establishment of a permanent advisory
body, she claimed, would probably
bave a stimulating effect upon tho
working women's movement in the
vnrious countries, Separatist forms
of organization, however, should not
be adopted.
A resolution wns adopted urging
energetic propaganda among tho
working women of the various coun
Winnipeg): It does not seem fair
that the amounts to be paid to postal
workers should be dependent upon
the schedule as it may appertain to
Civil Service workers generally. We
are faced 'with a concrete situation
at the_present time; thc postal work=-
ers claim very distinctly that the
amount they receive la not sufficient
to maintain a decent standard of living, and that fact will not be altered
by any further considerations which
the commission may bring forward.
I would submit that throughout the,
country generally there ls a very
considerable interest in this matter
and there is a very strong sentiment in favor of an increase
in the salaries of postal workers. When this matter was betng~dls-
cuBsed some months ago I noticed an
article in the Toronto Telegram—not
one of the most radical Canadian
journals—under date April 19, which
summarized somewhat as follows: "»
The Job—a postal porter's helper.
The   hours—4.30 a.m. to   12 p.m.,
six days a week.
The work—handling fined mall bags
50 to 100 pounds.
The pay—$8.66 a week.    -
That probably represents the lowest grade of the Bervice. On the other
hand the great majority of the postal
workers are engaged in very responsible work and they receive in many
instances less than is supposed, according to the statistics furnished by
our own departments, to be the minimum cost of living. Permit me to
read a paragraph or two from a recent
issue of the Winnipeg Evening
*       *   -   • ^_
It is not my Intention to go into
any comparison of the new with the
old schedules. From a number of
our western cities we have received
telegrams urging that there should be
a revision of the proposed rates. I
think that the general opinion Is that
the range should be from $1,260 to
$1,980. Now, Mr. Speaker, the ques-
tion is, what can be done in the face
of the present serious situation? It
is several months since the protests
were made, and the postal employees
have done apparently all in their
power by what are termed constitutional means; that Ib to say, they
have preferred their requests to tho
government and mado their representations to tho Civil Service Commission. The postal employees hava protested also through members of parliament. What more can be done so
far as they are concerned? They
seem to be driven to take dl
rect action. Unfortunately there
are members of the business
community who are willing
push the matter to the limit. I
read one sentonce from a bulletin published by the Employers' Association
of Manltaba, ln which the solicitor of
the association submits the following:
"In my judgment action should be
taken immediately by the business interests to anticipate and prevent any
Interruption of the postal service. A
strike by postal employees Is essentially of a revolutionary character and
ought not to be tolerated. There
should be a law forbidding strikes by
government employees and others en
gaged In operating public utlllltles."
Now, if there is no means of re
dress by an appeal to parliament
what other course can the postal
workers take than to refuse to con
tlnue working under conditions which
do not assure them a decent living
That seems to me to be the situation
with which wo are faced at the present time. But the postal workers are
told that since tbey are operating a
public utility a strike by them would
be regarded us revolutionary in character. I unite admit that the postal
employees do occupy a peculiar position, i think they feel their responsibility and realizo that Ihey ought not
to strike unless lt ls absolutely Imperative. But what other course renin Ins open to them? You cannot reduce tbem to a condition hi slavery,
if they are urged not to strike, suroly wc in tbis Mouse ought to be nblo
to offer them some alternative, Wo
ask the Prime Minister what can be
done, and ho says, "Wo are in tho
hands of tho Civil Service Commission; wo ennnot do anything without
altering   the   Civil   Service  Act."
of the employees without an enquiry
to ascertain whether there Is any real
difficulty under which these men ara >
suffering. And he suggests that Parliament should of all things be firm;
In other words, parliament must
actually resort finally to the club.
The Minister, I believe, declared that
we must be fair and then be firm.
Mr. STEWART (Argenteuil): I
want to object to the Imputation of the Hon. Member: I never
suggested that parliament would
resort to the club; I was careful not
to make any such suggestion.
•     •     •
Mr. IRVINE: I assure the House
that- I had- ' no intention of
misquoting the words of the
Minister; I believe his exact
words were that we should be
fair and then firm, I know that there
Is probably no honorable member who
fairer than the acting Postmaster
General, and I do not think that there
is anyone who is kinder than he is.
I do not suggest for a moment that
the Minister himself wants to resort
to the club; but I do say. that he has
left no other courso open to parliament. Merely to express the opinion
that parliament wants to be fair first
and then to be firm ls all very well.
But when parliament has nothing fair
to offer, when parliament completely
abandons the course of fairness and
simply has nothing left but the club,
then the club ls #hat parliament will
There are two methods which parliament might adopt In this matter.
One is the use of Intelligence and the
other the use of the club. If Intelligence ls to be applied tt means that
we must meet the situation precisely
as it exists at the moment; lt does
not mean that the leaders of the two
great historic parties shall get into a
scrap as to whether the Commission
should or should not be. The question is, are the wages that are being
paid to the civil servants in question
too low. If they are too low, then
what are we going to do to lncreaae.
them and thua prevent the threatened
strike? That ts the question to which
we must apply intelligence; and If
we do not deal Intelligently with the
situation there ls only one thing left
for parliament and that will be the
club, ln the event of the employees
in question oarrylng out their threat.
I do not believe in strikes' personally; I do not think they settle any
question. But what I believe, or what
nny honorable member believes In regard to strikes makes no difference;
strikes will occur if 'proper steps are
not taken to ward them off. Under
the existing situation they are inevitable. So that the question still confronts us, shall we apply the method
of Intelligence or shall we use the
club? Upon the answers to that question will depend whether or not a
(Continued on page 4)
Mr. wm. IRVINE (East Calgary):
The question really Is not one of tho
Civil Servico Commission, although
much of the debate between mombers
of the Government and of the opposition has circled around the Civil Cor-
vlco Commission. Tho real question
Is: Are the proposed salaries of lho
postal workers sufficiently high to
keep thom from striking? The omployoes have not snld: Wo are going
to strike because you have a Civil
Servico Commission. They have said:
Wo are going to strike because the
proposed salary revision Is too low.
Wo havo not heard very much com-,
ment on the part of the Government
with respect to that question, and
thrtt Is tho question.
♦ t        ♦
Hm I atn more Interested at the
moment in what is going to bo lhe
attitude of parliament towards the
threatened strike. And this quoutlon
was dealt with by both Ministers of
the Crown who have commented upon
the subject boforo lho Houso. The
acting Postmnster Genoral wants to
know whethor wo are merely to sue
It Increases Iti Adherents Day
by Day—Ultimate Success
Is Certain
(From Australian Worker]
Socialism is nut a thing that neods
to be inculcated. If n were a theory
spun out of men's heads, and only
related to the facts of life by an ingenious application, It might not be
a'n ensy matter to get men to believe
(n it; It might be very difficult indeed to spread its principles throughout the world. Socialism, however,
Is not like that. It's the simplest
thing on earth to Understand, because
the mind Instinctively turns to it. It
Is accepted hy millions readily because there is a yearning in their
hearts which it responds to and satisfies.
Lauronco Groitlund soys: "in 1879
I round out to my surprise, lhat I was
a Socialist." That In an experience
which every man would have If only
he Kave his real self a ahow. He
doean't, Civilisation corrupts him.
And out of Ihis corruption the falso
neir is born; and in course of timo
the false self governs all his actions.
Men uphold capitalism becauso
they personally benefit by It, or think
they do. Won? it not for that, so-,
olallstfo Ideas would spring up in
their minds spontaneously, and the
wholo race would move forward by
tho impulsion of puro reason to the
goal of fraternal co-operation.
As it Is, the capitalist organisation
society confounds this natural
process, and actually degrades a largo
section of tbe community into a denial] of their own souls. Nevertheless, socialism Increases Its adherents
dny by dny, nnd lis ultimate triumph
Is one of tho certainties of a. world
all doubt. That's because man Js a
socialist by nature, and nn enemy of
socialism only by a porvorsc accident
of circumstance.
Tip  ror B. p.  Elootrlc
•Aftor two years' trial ihe Taeoma
Mrccl ear company will continue the
$1 a week unlimited ride system on
all Hs Hues. Patrons buy a weekly
pasH for $1 which entitles them to
ride ns much nnd as often as they
liko without further expense the
company Inaugurated lhe system
when tho high cash faros hnd cut
down  revenue to tho dangor line.' PAGE TWO
FRIDAY..... July   _, 1984
British Columbia Federationist
Published every Friday by
The  British  Columbia  Federatlonist
Bnalneu snd Editorial OBce, 1129 Howe St.
Tbe policy ot The B. G. Federationist Ib
controlled by the editorial hoard of the Federated Labor Party of Britlah Columbia.
Subscription Bate:   United Statea
elgn, 18.00 per year; Canada, T.,UH
year, $1-60 for alx monthi; to Unlona
year, il.au ior aix mnuaa; «
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end Vor
"".50 per
>na avb-
..July 4, 1924
FEW QUESTIONS are of more vital
interest to the average man and
woman in our midst, than that ef
their health. Immediately there is
suggested a cure, for any of the more
obscure ailments to which humankind
is heir to, the unfortunate sufferers
are carried away with, what too often
proves to be, a vain hope.
Having had the privilege of listening to the many discussions that were
before the convention upon this occasion, I was impressed with what appears to me to be the one great essential in dealing with such matters, that
is, education of the public In general
on all matters pertaining to health.
True it is, that they can never hope
to gain a full knowledge upon such a
far-reaching subject! but, nevertheless
there are some fundamental principles
which should be understood by every
one, whtch are beyond all doubt or
controversy, and such knowledge
would be such as would enable them
to guide and be ffulded intelligently
In all matters pertaining to sickness
of whatever sort.
It is evident, after listening to the
many addresses, that even the most
learned ln the medical profession do
not claim to know all about the hu
man body, oither in sickness or
health. Many of the .speakers at this
convention had been studying and in
active practico for many decades, arTd
yet they admitted that they did not
know all that there was to be known,
It does seem somewhat Impertinent
then, on the part of many of us who
may never have had the least opportunity to know and understand the
many insurmountable difficulties that
confront that profession to harshly
criticize their shortcomings. So long
as human naturo remains as It is todny, mistakes will ever remain our lf>t
hi life, but surely mistakes will be les?
frequent when any work Is under-
takeirby those wio have, at least, a
reasonable knowledge of our mechanism.
Because a carpenter happens to adjusts the carburetor on a car In a
manner that happens to work out
perfectly, hardly justifies his being
allowed to overhaul the elecrlcal system on other cars. That would bo t
trifle absurd.
Medical men make mistakes, as
'does everyone elso, if they do anything
at all. There are mistakes made,
however, which wc might feel are not
justified and which, are due to positive
carelessness on the part of the Individual practitioner. Such mistakes
cannot be too strongly condemned,
Other mistakes wilt' doubtless be the
result of the lack of proper knowledge on the part of the medical men
when such knowledge was and Is
available, it Is not given to every
medical man, any more than any'one
else, to have the necessary economic
resources available to justify him giving up sufficient of His time and cash
to go away to some educational
Institution for further 'study. This is
a matter that must some day be dealt
with either by the public or the profession itself. The public should not
be allowed to suffer on that account
if It can be avoided, and we believe
that it can be.
We must learn to distinguish between the mistakes of one or more individuals within a profession, who
might happen to lack the proper
knowledge which those advanced in
the profession possess. After thoroughly understanding the circumstances you might be wholly
justified In condemning that individual medical man very,
very strongly, but that does not justify your condemning the profession as
a whole any more than if one plumber
made a grave error In Judgment In
his work, you would not condemn all
and sundry who have anything to do
with tho plumbing traae, Condemn
them an you will, you will Htil have
to enme back to tbem. Better then
by far that you try to Intelligently
understand than to lgnorantly critl-
. else.
One thfng, however, comes very forcibly to mind, and that Is, that tho
medical profession above all professions should bo free from the temptation that confronts the average business man—that of making profits out
of thc neods of others, especially in
matters pertaining to health. The
public would like to feel that it Was
entrusting itself to Individuals who
could give their undivided attention
to the matter of their health, and
that .monetary gain was a matter
which could not under any olrcum
stances receive any consideration, or
at least need not. Many a life is lost
today because Individuals will not follow medical advico honestly given,
sinco they feel that thore is some
other motivo than that of their betterment.
No matter what may come or what
may go, some day there will have to
be devised a system of medical practice whereby people wilt receive the
best that medical science has to offer
without having to fear the matter of1
personal gain. When that day arrives,
aB arrive it must, whether the medical profession likes it or not, a better
and much moro satisfactory relationship will exist between the public and
the medical profession. Wonderful
strides have been made by medical
science during the last fifty years,
but, too often, under our system as
it Is today, the unfortunate sufferer
Is pauperised in an endeavor to meet
his or her obligation, or if not, the
expense Is being born by an innocent
third party. If the medical 'profession
does not rise to the occwdon and meet
the needs of the great masses, by at
least advocating and endeavoring to
attain a more sufficient and humane
system than we at present enjoy, then
they will have It forced upon them,
and perhaps in a manner that will
not be conducive to the best interests
of all concerned.
rlS WITH no small degree of hesitancy that one attempts to review
the remarks of so distinguished a
visitor as Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick
Field, at present in command of the
British Bpecial squadron. Remarks,
coming from the lips of one so highly
placed In the affairs of our empire
have, all to frequently, caused .us to
bow our heads In holy reverence.
Those days are rapidly passing. The
masses are commencing to think for
In speaking to the boys and girls
in Victoria, Sir Frederick said: "Girls
and boys, youth is inclined to say to
Its elders, 'It's all very well for you to
talk, but times have changed.' The
old folks do undersand, and they are
ready in their wisdom to guide your
foot steps. When you grow up you
will see it this way, too, and so history repeats itself,"
If our futuro holds in store for us
anything like what it has held in the
past, It is little wonder that the young
minds—and some of the more alert
and active minds among our elders—
have dared to quostion the wisdom of
those who have, in the past, guided
our destinies. The havoc that has
been wrought among us during the
past few years has been such, as to
Justify, in our humble judgment, the
opinions of any one who still chooses
to follow In the footsteps of the past,
being most seriously questioned. War,
It seems, has ever followed in the
walto of the past with all Its boasted
wisdom. It would seom that the
time is now opportune for us to
jlaunch out in some other direction
than that which we have travelled In
the past. It could hardly lead us to
any state, in which there might be
found greater tragedies to be faced,
and greater injustices everywhere apparent among the great masses of
mankind. Are we to be blamed if we
feel^that we have been misguided in
the past, and now feel that it Is onr
bounden duty to question, to analyze
every bit of advice that might be offered us, and see If, In our opinion,
some other solution would not be
more humane and profitable, from
the standpoint of the betterment of
the human race.
Sir Frederick said further: "Your
fathers and brothers in the late war
offered their lives to save the Empire.
When the call came they were scattered to the ends of the earth In business. They did not want to flght—
they did not like lt, but lt was their
duty, artd the future—ydur future—
was at stake. For countless years
the lives bf your grandfathers have
beeu bravely sacrificed to that Empire—that you might go your ways in
freedom. It Is a trust given to you
to carry on,"
Certainly, we candidly admit that
the lives of millions of people have
been sacrificed, but, we fear, the freedom that it has been given to us to
enjoy as the result of such a sacrifice,
has been of such a nature that many
of us feel that the price has been far
too great. And to millions it has
brought such misery, privation and
hardships as to make the great unknown appear to them a perfect haven
of rest.
No, Hir Frederick, we ennnot agree!
If the millions that have been spent
upon tbe fighting machine upon which
you roam the billows of the mighty
deep, together with tho amount that
has been spent upon this trh>, had
been spent upon educating the peoples
of tbe world, no mattetr under what
flag thoy muy enjoy their so-called
liberty, tho world would be nearer, by
far, the ideul sate of universal peace,
than lt Is today or ever wilt be, so
long us instruments of death, such as
you are upholding, are flaunted before our eyes Insuch a manner us to
stimulate, rather than exterminate,
tbat instinct of pugnacity which today ls weaker than It has ever been
bofore. To education rather than te
the display of force do we look for
the emancipation of the human race,
the world around.
rWAS with no small amount of regret that the citizens of our fair
elty learned of the unfortunate conflagration at the Hanbury mill the
othor  day.
We were struck, however, by the
nature of the various newspaper references to this unfortunate incident,
On almost every occasion the loss was
referred to In dollars and cents. The
mill structure, the lumber, the tugboats and the scows were mentioned,
hut on no occasion did we see tht un-
fortamate plight mentioned of those
men who were dependent upon the
work in this plant, for the livelihood
of themselves and their families.
The loss to Mr. Hanbury and hiB
associates has, no doubt, been covered
adequately by insurance but, we will
wager that the earning capacity of the
men who were there employed, was
not. It is these men and their dependents, more than any others, who
will have to bear the brunt of this
Once again we are reminded of
what a mercenary world this is. Indeed, we are never lacking in reminders, if we would but stop and thlnkt
How long, we wonder, ore we as a
so-called intelligent, civilized people,
going to stand idly by and see innocent men, women and children suffering as the result of such a misfortune, and yet never raise a helping
No form of society, however cultured and refined it may be considered by the more thoughtless, can
ever hope to survive for long when it
chooses to ignore its obvious responsl
bllity towards its more unfortunate
members on occasions such as these,
These men were not responsible for
the fire, then why should they and
their families suffer?
rHAS BEEN the custom in the
past, it seems to us, to mention
once or twice, in our daily press,
what would appear to be the makings
of a huge scandal in our midst. Then,
somehow, the whole affair Is suddenly
ignored and nothing more is seen or
heard of it. A recent example is the
alleged Veterans Weekly scandal.
Apparently it Is going to be allowed
jto drop.
We frankly admit that we are not
in the know, but of this one thing we
are convinced, and that is, that some
one, rather highly placed in our present social scale, ls mixed up in It.
Were that not so, we feel certain that
the matter would have boen aired ln
court long ere this. The apparent
apathy on the part of the guardians
of our law, is becoming, in our humble judgment, alt too 'prevalent.
We realize .full well that there are
many other incidents equally as disgusting, to which we might refer, and
we realize too, that when all these
have been satisfactorily adjusted, we
will not, even then, have reached a
perfect social state. However, by
pointing out to the mind of the general public these many "social ulcers,"
we hope it may serve to awaken it
to the deplorable state into which we
have allowed ourselves to drift.
Owing to our lack of a properly developed moral consciousness, and the
presence ln our midst of an appalling
amount of aipathy and indifference
(towards the welfare of our fellowmen.
JUST RECENTLY there has been a
little "tempest In a teapot" ,over
the appointment of one of our high
school principals.
We realize full well that, as conditions exist today, many hardships will
be endured and many injustices done
to very deserving teachers, that can
hardly be avoided. But when a few
members of our school board try tb
so exalt themselves as they have
done upon this occasion, It is about
time they were called to time.
The personnel of the school board
ts not constituted of men who are
outstanding irf educational affairs,
and have not such knowledge »» to
rendertheir Judgment the "last word"
regarding matters educational.
The teachers In our schools have
brains and intelligence seoond to
none, and on top of all that they are
trained and experienced In educational matters. Surely, then, they have
1 a right—for they too, are citizens
enjoying our glorious British liberty
—to hold meetings and discuss matters of mutual Interest without being
threatened and bullied by a few school
trustees who are not necessarily
trained or experienced—If we may
judge by press reports—do not enjoy
the full confidence of many of our
respectable citizens. We would re-
pectfully advise our trustees to keep
cool and consider twice any drastic
aetion they might contemplate up&n
this occasion. Teachers are human
beings and have rights as such, small
though they bc, In our prosent society,
Many of the letters, or extracts from
them, which were recoived at the War
office, relating to seperation allowances during the late war, have been
published from time to time in many
I of the English newspapers, but the
following Is a new one and really
worth 'recording:
Doar sir,—I have received no pai-
ment since my husband has gone from
My husband has been away at the
Crystal Palace and got a four days'
furlong and has now gone to the mind
We received your letter, I am his
grandfather and grandmother. He
was brought up In this home ln answer to your letter.
My husband has Joined the army
now. I shall be glad If you will send
line hla elopement money,
I shall be glad If you will tell me
that my husband ls dead, as the man
I am living with does not know
whether hts wife ls dead and tt Is
now a little awkward.
i I enclose my certificate and six
children. There were seven, but one
'died. You only send six. Her name
was Fanny. Sho was baptised oh
half a sheet of paper by the Rev.
Thomas —i—, M.A., and oblige, Please
send my extra money quick as the new
baby u bottled and an expense.
It would appear to the average^case they have forgotten, we would
remind them that labor's policy has
always been, "Total exclusion of
Asiatics and a white man's living
wage." They forgot that apparently,
during the recent election campaign
in the province.
reader, that noise, tumult and up;
roar are the necessary accompaniments of the Democrat convention
In New York. Is it to be wondered
at the government of the United
States Is no example for us to follow
when so litle signs of intelligence
are displayed by those whose duty It
Is to nominate a candidate for president? When are we going to treat
the matter of government with the
seriousness   lt  rightly  deserves?
* •       *
A report ls current to the effect
that the German government has
decided to accept the conditions of
the lost note of the council of ambassadors regarding military control by the Allies. Our only hope
ls that the allies' will display considerable more Intelligence than they
have dlspayed thus far in the matter
of their own internal affairs, when
they attempt to control Germany.
One of the most encouraging features we have seen displayed for
many a day ln connection with the
old political parties, has been the Intelligent stand taken by a few members of the Progressive group of the
federal house of commons. Gradually, the light is dawning upon the
spite of their environments.
* , •       •
We cannot help but appreciate
the wonderful accomplishment of
Lieutenant Russell Maughan, who
raced the sun from New York to
San Francisco. But when we remember that it is done as a war man-
ceuvre we are saddened. We are
looking forward to the day when the
aeroplanes and the radios will be
great co-ordinating factors between
nations, rather than be used only for
purposes of war and destruction.
* *       •
"Gasoline Combine Alleged! Some-'
thing New Discovered! Washington
Opens War on Standard Oil Company
and Others!" Well, here they are
at the old game of fooling the public Every onee and a while these
little grand stand plays are pulled
off to distract public attention from
the real Issue. It is too well understood, by the more enlightened minds,
that these large corporations have
too firm n control over the powers
of government to permit any serious
damage being done them. Labor hasi
long ago been wise to them, and now
others are awakening to the seriousness of the situation.
• * *
The house of commons committee
at Ottawa proposes old age pension
scheme. It sounds Interesting, but
it really is only amusing. Twenty
dollars a month for persons over
seventy years of age! It is quite
apparent that the government believes1
that the normal span of Ufe is. but
three score years and ten, or they
never would have tolerated such an
We wonder what the government
will do regarding Asiatics now.      In
Good luck to the "potlatch!" We
love the little children. Nothing Is
too. good for them; but, really, is
this not a haphazard, ahd atrociously
wasteful means of providing the little
tots with what should always have
been at their service, had not private
Interests stolen it from them, their
natural heritage, their playgrounds?
Now we are arranging that they buy
back—since they will eventually have
to pay the taxeB—that which primarily belonged to them, but which we
had given away, without their con
* •      »
The cat is out of the bag! Now
we know why the fleet Is here, It
is a determined effort on the part of
the naval authorities to arouse the
peoples of the dominions to the point
where they will contribute to their
upkeep. We earnestly .hope that
they Will fail In their mission, and
that we will not be so lead astray,
as to forget that every dollar we
spend in educating the peoples of
the world Is a hundred times more
effective for purposes of producing
universal peace, than any we might
spend on war ships, or other Inntru
ments of death. They have led us
astray quite ,Jong enough. Let /us
choose other paths, they can lead
us Into no more grief than have the
old ones. ,
* *      *
* To this one question we would
respectifully ask of Vice-Admiral
Sir Frederick Field his answer, In all
earnestness: In what manner would
the British fleet; either now, or when
at the height of perfection he would
have it reach, protect the god-given
rights of the man, with a wife and
three or four children who to-day
tramps and, perhaps, has tramped
for several months past—the streets
of Vancouver in the vain search for
a job, through which he might provide himself and dependents with
the necessities of life? Does lt make
his life less tragic because he to-day
enjoys in this provinco of British
Columbia, our "glorious British freedom" for which you have so gallantly
and heroically fought in the past?
* •      •
We are as a rule, most unsuspecting, but once and a while our curiosity does become aroused and we
commence to wonder. Just of late,
we have heard nothing more about
Disappears as il by magic vhen
is used. Gas pains, sold stomach, soar
stomaoh, burning and sll after-eating distress relieved in two minutes. AU Prog
"Diogenes" of tbe Vancouver Daily Provinee
__   _____    '.u.    nil l*j-i   (to*.
>c * * u        U-t*
Priee, Cloth $1.60; Paper, $1.00
Insist on
__o better bear-
high ih food
At all Gov't Liquor Store*
I* Mt publliked or dliplarM to thi Llaior d_______
or »r tkt Qowrnmtnt 0I Brltlih OelamviaX
Stare Opens at > a.m. and
CIomi at 6 p.m.
Pitt My 8,
Is Now in Progress
20 per cent to
50 per cent-
bib Granville Street
Phone Seymour 8540
the Veterans Weekly affair. Is it
possible that there are some higher-
ups involved? We, very frankly,
think so. Of course,' we may be
wrong, but as a rule we find, when
such a lull occurs ln the midst of a
storm like we witnessed In connection
with this affair, that "higher-ups" are
involved. When we get the new
police commissioner, let us hope this
little affair will be fairly ond honestly
cleaned up, regardless of who may
be affected thereby.
If it be true that a lamp can be
provided of such a standard of illumination as will put an end to miners'
nystagmus it Is the home secretary's
duty to make it compulsory upon the
colliery companies to provide such
a lamp.—George Spencer, M.P.
HAVE yoa ever bad a real drink
of Pare Apple Otter daring tbt
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
<rre have Introduced reeently a pnre eletr
sparkling apple eider ln pint bottles,
either pore sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple elder. These drinks
are absolutely pare and free from all
eubonle aold gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or pbone yonr order
today, Highland 90.
Older Uanifactnrers
1955 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B, O.
Our advertisers make it possible for
us to spread the gospel of Labor,
Show your appreciation by patronizing them on every possible occasion.
A practical man with a knowledge
of ships and docks has no chance of
being appointed a factory inspector.
A man who knows chemistry und applied mechanics is all right.—James
Sexton,  M.P.
The whole business of defence is a
wicked waste of national substance.
It is forced upon the world by the disease of international fear. I hope
that some day the disease will be eradicated,—Mr. Leach, M.P.
July Clearance Sale
at "Famous"
CLEARANCE of entire summer stock
at fabulous reductions. Don't miss
thla greateat aale of the year—yon know
the 'Famous' stock—get In line with the
huge savings now offered.
Famous Sffi&'S.
■au    MM2S KmMmi Mntt West
Bird, Macdonald & Co,
491-401 XttftHtttal HU41l«
MT gsstfgi M. W. TtfOOVTIB, Be 9.
Tenths—i; lnwuHN aat 9MT
A SIGNAL shows on tlio switchboard,,
a tolophone numbor ls asked for, and
a wlru highway Is created over which two
persons may send thoir words and
thoughts, one to the othor. Thousands
of those messages pass over tho wires of
tho D. 0. Telephone Company in a day-
The telephono operator ennnot follow
her work to its rosults, but sho can appreciate Hs importance In her keeping
is part of a groat mechanism of intercommunication, but those whom she
serves and tho benefits of her service remain unknown, Each summons for her
co-operation is of equal urgency, for each
Jiolpg to furthor the progress of the community nnd ,tho province.
1160 Owrgu Stmt
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7i80 p.m.
Bunday school Immediately following
mornloff serrloe. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, S p.m. free reading room.
901-608 Birks Bldg.
ue o__RRAi_L girton
Everything Modem
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at'home and abroad.
Established 89 Years
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonei:  Sey. 7431 and Say. 4400
1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C
«_i*iHH  fl  _________(___ udf    jsti;    iot   noumsurm   k.s-ong.a RIDAY July  i, 1924
sixteenth year. No. 27 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvmi, b. a
[•■In the Flavor Staling Bn"
Boost for
I The Fed.
Voico of "Propurty"
|A notice warning: against trespass
a big- cotton plantation in South
|_orgia, U.S.A., Is in the following
Irma: 'Trespassers will be persecuted
|,the full extent; of 2 mean mongral
Trgs which ain't never bin over
l.hili il with strangers, and a dubbel
Irral shot-gun which ain't loaded
lth mushy pills. Darn if I ain't
led of this 'ere hei raisin' on my
■The conservative party or even the
Teral party in opposition is much
Yre advanced than in power.—Mr.
■lllvan,  M.P.
We are Agents for
[Gutta Percha Running:
[ If you want tho best work boot
li for your money, try Greb....
I Basket Ball Outing Shoes, suc-
[tlon soles.  Men's $2.85
[Boys'  $2.50
t Women's Tennis Oxfords In
Fwhite or black at $1.50 and
f Men's Irish Serge Pants, five    _,
I pockets,  belt loop,  cuff bot**
I toms, special $2.95
[Brill Caps, a new shipment at
,        $2.25 and $2.50
I Bull Dog Brand Cottonade
I Pants  $1.95
—essia, ami Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boota and Shorn
Btttteea 7tt eat Itk >tuui
Pbone, Fairmont 14
Vanconver Unions
Hwt_ ,toond Uaniay In ths montk. P»-
Ut, J. B. WhlU; uenUrr, B. B. >m1<
* , p. o. B— ee.
111 Poador St. Went—Bullion mtetlnn
WodBMdaf oToalaf. A. __m_uu,
i; B. H. Horrloon, soo.-_reu.; Goo.
-Uon, 1111 Parkor Slroot, Tuonnr,
p., corroipoDdfnc toontarr.
r diitrlot ia Brltlih Marnbla dMlilaf
lation ro securing spoakon or tko for-
Oon et loeal kranokei. kindly oommunloato
% ProTinolal Sooroury J. Lylo Telford,
_ Birki Bldi*. Tanooaror, B. 0. Tole*
he Boymonr 1882, or Fabipont 4888.
Rery salesmen, local sti—mo«u
ftcond Thursday every month In Holdon
■ding. Preildent, J. Brlghtwell; flnanolal
w.tsry, H. A. Bowron, 920—llth Avenue
Ibilenntkeri, Iron Shipbuilder, and Help*
lot America, Local 194—Meeting. Int
I third Mondays in oaoh month In Holden
Idlng. Presidont, P. WillU; eecretary, A.
|.er.   Office hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to fi
lid third Fridays In eaoh month, at 445
Tarde  Straet.    Preeldent, David CuthiU,
It Albert Stroet; leorotary-treaaorer, Oeo.
> lion, 1182 Parker Street.
Steam and Operating, * Local 882—
s every Wednesday at 8 pjn., Room
ii Holdea Bldg. President, Oharles Price;
luese agent and flnanolal secretary, P. L.
ltj   reeordlng seeretary, J. T. Venn.
TNION, Looal US, A. F. of M.—Meets at
fee Hall, Homer Stroot, aeoond 'Sanday,
I* a.m. Preildent, Ernest 0. Miller, 991
Ton Street; seoretary, Edward Jsmieeon,
I Nelson Street: flnanelal aooretary, W. K.
Jnams, 991' Nelson Strsst; organiser, F.
Ichor, 991 Nelson Street.
Derated seafarers' union of b.
I>—Meeting nlghU, flrat Tuesday and Srd
fay of oaoh month at headquarters, SIS
Jiova Stroet Woat. President, D. OOles-
■ vlco-presidont, John Johnson; seeretary.
■i.nrer, Wm. Donaldson, addross SIS Cor-
1. Street West. Braneh ngeat's addraaa:
l-go Faulkner, S7S Johnson Stroot, Vie-
■* b: 0*
VION—MooU at »9l Nolson Street, at 11
oa tha Tueaday preceding the let Bun.
[et tho month. Aoaldont, «. A. Jamlo-
twi Nelson St.: SeoroUry, 0. H. wall, 991 Nelaon St; Bnelneee Agent, F.
i*her. 991 Noleo» St. -     :
*lfAP__I0AL UNION, No. ttO^rnei-
st/a. P.- Pottlpleeo: floo-presldent: J.
rtryan; soeraUrytroasnrer, B. H. EM-
k> 6. Bon dfl. Moots last Snnday of
J imonth at 3 p_n. in Holden Building. 1*
lino Btreet Eaet,
J      RUPERT      TTPeOBAraiOAL
fnION, No. 418—Pmldmt, B..B. Mao-
*-   swreterytreatorer, J. M. Oampbd,
la 111.   Moots last Thanday at aaok
Organic Evolution
[By   Charles   Hill-Tout,   F. R. S. C„
P. R. A, I., etc.l
i (All Rights Reserved)
IN the last artlole we began our con-
slderatlon of the micro-organic
world and learned that the simplest
and lowliest life-forms were all unicellular in structure and that the
higher and more complex forms
were nothing, more than groups
or aggregations of these simpler
ones, that man himself as an
organic form, waa but a cluster
of these—a kind of co-operative colony or republic, as it were, of indiv-
ual cells—which, while retaining
throughout the life of the body their
own individuality, carried on their
functions and normally worked harmoniously together In the interest
and for the well-being of the body
as a whole.
We saw also that the material
basis or unit of life was the cell—
a tiny microscopic speck of semifluid colloidal matter made up . of
cytoplasm and certain wonderful
granular elements that played Important parts ln cell-division and in
In this and the following article we
will seek to learn something of the
different kinds of unicellular organ-
Isms and mark their progressive advance from the very simple to the less
simiple and from these again to the
earliest stages of multicellular organisation.
The simplest and earliest of unicellular Hfe-forms known to ua to-day are
according to the opinion of many biologists, the bacteria, of which there
are many kinds. Mlgula, one of our
high authorities on bacterial life, enumerates no less than 1272 distinct
Formerly there was much discussion among biologists whether the bacterial organisms should be classed as
plants or animals as they exhibit in
themselves the characteristics of both
It Is from this lu*--k of differentiation, In respect of th-uio distinguishing traits, among the lowest organisms, and especially - among the bacteria, that we are led to conclude that
ln the most primitive life-forms there
was no distinction between plant and
animal forms, the traits which now
distinguish them being then manifested in ono and the same organism.
Thus, for example, their freedom
of movement, their general method of
locomotion and other animal peculiar-
ltles suggest the activities of the protozoan. Notwithstanding this they
are now generally regarded as plants
because of their manner of reproduction, which follows more closely the
methods of the earliest plants, and
because of the ability displayed by
the most primitive forms among them
to obtain their food directly from inorganic substances; this latter power
being the outstanding characteristic
of the plant-forms of life; the animal-
forms being dependent upon organic
substances for their food, and, therefore, upon the vegetative forms which
manufacture these for them.
From whatever point of view we regard bacteria they are obviously a
very heterogeneous or dissimilar
group or organisms. They have clearly been subjected to much variation.
Their genetic relations are difficult to
determine, some species suggesting
.relationship with some of the groups
of the fungi—lowly life-forms that
like the bacteria belong to the very
primitive organisms—others .again
seem more nearly related to that
large and heterogeneous division of
early plaint life, the algse; and especially to that group among them which
has the most primitive characters—
the blue-green algee, as they commonly are called.
Most of the bacteria are extremely
minute, some Indeed, being ultra-
microscopic in dimensions and He
quite beyond the range of our most
powerful microscopes. The characters of these are necessarily unknown
to us and we know of their existence
only by the baneful effects some of
them have upon the larger organisms.
One of these forms Is the bacterium
of yellow fover, another Is that of
measles, and still another is that
which Is just now causing such severe
losses and so much worry to the stockmen of California, the bacterium
Which Is responsible for that troublesome scourger-tl^e foot-and-mouth
disease. All three of these bacteria
are too small for detection or Isolation
which makes it difficult for us to get
control of them and lessep their activities. It is estimated tlmt the monetary loss alone which the latter is
causing the people of California at
the present time amounts to a million
of dollars dally.
Happily for humanity and the
lilgher organisms generally the vast
majority of bacterial forms render us
useful and beneficient services. Indeed, without the activities of some
of them life itself, would not be possible for many organisms, especially
for the higher ones; and In the early
days of life on -our globe they played
a large and important part In making it habitable for more advanced
Only a few species are harmful to
humanity. These are known to
medical science as pathogenic or disease-inducing bacteria. Most of
these have already been brought under control by means of anti-serums
which when injeoted into the blood
of an animal give rise to conditions
which make it possible for the animal to become more or less Immune
to their attacks.
Bacteria are of different shapes as
well as of different dimensions.
Speaking generally there are three
well-marked forms, namely, the rodlike bacterium known to bacteriologists as the "Bacillus," the curved or
spiral form called the "Spirillum,"
and the spherical form termed the
The largest known bacteria are
about 1|20 of a millimeter ln length
and 1|200 In width. The smaller
kinds range from 1)200 of a millimeter to the limits of microscopic
vision and beyond. (A millimeter
is about l|25 of an inch).
Some species of bacteria—notably
the bacilli of diphtheria—exhibit i
considerable amount of variation;
from which it becomes clear that the
law of variation ls as actively at work
ln the microscopic world as in'the
world of visible forms; and that if
we could trace all the stages token
by the bacteria in their earlier life-
history we might discover the links
which relate them to the other
primary life-forms such as the fungi and the algte.
Their diminutive size prevents us
from learning much about their internal structure, We--know they are
among the simplest of the primitive
life-forms and many biologists regard them as being the very simplest
and lowest organisms on the globe
to-day. We, know they have not
reached the stage of evolution
characteristic of the typical .cell.
Their chromatin has not been segregated or localized into a nuclear
body; they have no distinct nucleus.
This essential part of the higher,
typical cell is represented in thein by
certain scattered granules; from
which we may fairly conclude that
in the earliest and simplest celts or
Hfe-forms the nuclear matter was not
localized as it Is in the nucleus of
the more advanced forms; thus clearly showing that this segregation of
the chromatin into a nuclear body was
one of the early steps in organic
Unlike a genuine plant many of
them possess powers of locomotion
which resemble those of the primitive
animal forms. To their cell-walls are
attached cilia or hair-like filaments
by the movements of which they pro-
pel themselves along; and relatively
to their size they move with considerable rapidity. The bacillus of typhoid
is estimated to travel 2000 times its
own length in an.hour and the spirillum of cholera has been known to
go 45 times faster than this.
Comparing their speed of travel
with that of a large animal it would
be equivalent to that of a horse
when trotting.
Their usual method of reproduction
Is by binary division; that Is to say
each little sphere or rod or spiral,
after elongating Itself, divides Into
two segments, each of which soon Increases to the original size to
again divide into two parts. This
multiplication of forms goes on con*
tinuously and very rapidly under favorable circumstances, so that in i
short time incredible numbers are
produced. In 24 hours one of the
most prolific kind could multiply
Itself, if all the new forms lived, into
many millions of millions. One of
the outstanding facts about the low
Her life-forms is the prodigality with
which they reproduce themselves.
Life ln these lower forms is exceedingly Insurgent and exuberant This
applies to the visible as well as to
the microscopic life-forms.
Certain bacteria have a secondary
method of propagating themselves by
menns of spores. Instead of dividing
themselveB in the normal way by
fission their cytoplasm becomes broken
up within the cell Into a larger or
smaller number—sometimes only one
—of spore-like bodies. These are
known as endospores. The purpose
of this secondary method, which Is
apparently a return to an earlier
method of reproduction, seems to be
to enable tho bacterium to withstand
unfavorable conditions of lifo. In
this spore or germ state it possesses
astonishing powers of resistance to
cold and heat and desiccation; remaining quiescent and retaining its
germinating power over long periods
of time. We saw In a former article
that certain bacterial spores could
withstand temperatures abovo the
boiling >polnt and also retain their
germinating power after being kept
for months in liquid air at a temperature of mlnue 240 degrees. This
Is because in the spore state the enclosing membrane is sometimes relatively very thick exhibiting a shell
or strata-like condition.
Remembering the possibility of life
having come to our globe, as we saw
in the 4th article, from some other
planetary body in space, and also,
that lf this were so It could have
come only ln the form of a spore-
germ, we may justly conclude from
this habit of occasional spore reproduction among the bacteria that reproduction by spores was very probably the earliest method; and as it ls
not now the normal method of reproduction among them, the normal
method by binary fission would thus
mark a distinctive step upwards and
one of the earliest advances tn organic evolution.
It is probably In. the manner of obtaining and assimilating their food
that the highest degree of differentia
tion among these primitive life-forms
ls moat plainly manifested. They exhibit in this respect ail the phases of
metabolism, that is the processes of
nutrition and - growth, peculiar to
both plants and animals. It was
largely because of their possessing
these general powers of securing and
utilizing food elements that biologists
found so much difficulty in deciding
whether they should be classed as
plants or animals.
Some baoterla, like the ordinary
green plants, require neither organic
carbon nor organic nitrogen as do
all true animal forms. They are able
to build up both carbohydrates and
protein out of the carbonic acid gas
of the atmosphere and from the
inorganic salts, directly. These are
the most primitive kind and in this
respect they exhibit traits which are
characteristically plant-like. Among
these are the kinds whloh are so useful and essential to other life-forms.
Other species of bacteria are quite
unable to do this, and need carbon in
organic forms and nitrogenous compounds like the animals and ourselves.
These have made the greatest advance
in the ascent of life and thus link the
two life realms together.
There ls Btill a third kind which
have also lost the ability to any longer
manufacture their own food from the
inorganic substances and which are
now wholly parasitic in their habits
and exist only in the tissues of other
organisms. These latter absorb their
food directly through their cell walls
and this food Is as varied as their habitat. They also, display animal-like
traits inasmuch as they cannot any
longer obtain their own food directly
from inorganic substances.
Of all the characteristics of the bacteria one of the most remarkable and,
to us, the most significant is their occasional passage Into what seems to
be a resting state, When In this condition they are known as "zooglceae"
—As zooglceae they become temporary multicellular bodies or colonies of
various shapes. We know them best
under the name "Mother-of-vinegar."
The simplest of these colonies are
filamentous or hair-like In form the
filaments being either straight or curved and of varying lengths. Other
groups assume more solid forms,
some being plate-like, others
spherical or ovoid or reticular or
branch-like in form. When the resting period is over these groups break
up again Into unitary bodies and each
cell or bacterium carries on Its own
individual existence in the usual way.
These groups or colonies are formed
by the active division of one or more
mother cells. They remain in this
colonial form for a shorter or longer
time according to circumstances,
Some of these groups of cells are several Inches across and so must contain
countless numbers of individual cells,
the whole zooglcea, as its name implies, being glued together into a gel
; it incus m&ss.
Exactly what purpose this so-called
"resting-stage," this grouping of cells
into colonies, serves in the life of the
bacteria ls not clearly known. There
can be no doubt however, that the Individual cells derive some benefit from
this association or it would not take
place. We can feel sure of this. It
is not a condition of things peculiar
to the bacteria either. A similar
phenomenon is observed among the
lower, algee. Whatever its purpose
may.be it is an Interesting process to
us because in it we see the very earliest evolutionary step taken by , the
simple unicellular organisms towards
the higher multicellular life-forms.
We get our first glimpse of the method
by which simple Hfe-forms become
transformed Into compound . forms,
Later when we come to consider the
fungi and the algre we shall see how
the next steps were taken and how
each step took the unicellular organ
Isms progressively nearer to the multi
cellular forms until they become
merged into, and one with, them. The
evidence is all there and wonderfully
This brief sketch of these lowly microscopic organisms reveals to us the
fact that their life-history abounds
with evidence which strongly supports
the doctrine of organic evolution; and
as they form the very lowest links in
the chain of life it is especially important that this evidence should be
clearly brought out.
Before, then, passing on to the consideration of other microscopic forms
let us hore briefly recapitulate and
summarize the chief points of this evidence in order that we may; the better
realize its force.
That bacteria come under the influence of the law of variation 18
made abundantly clear b.v the fact of
their heterogeneity, their wide dissimilarity ln form. Not only are they
divided into distinct groups by radical
differences in shape and function but
also into more than a thousand different species. And from tlie fact that
within these species there exists a
bewildering number of varieties it is
clear that the law of variation ls still
actively at work among them.
From these facts alone we are
bound to conclude that ln earlier days
fewer varieties and Btill fewer species
must have existed; from which conclusion it Ib a fair deduction to say
that at the very beginning of life on
our globe there may have been but
one original parental form from which
all the other and later ones have been
This deduction appears the more
reasonable when we remember their
spore-bearing habits and the possibility that the primal life-form was of
this nature, must, Indeed, have been
of this nature, lf It did not actually
originate here but came to our earth
from some other sphere as Arrhenius
has shown was quite possible.
That the   bacteria   are   extremely
(The opinions and idoas expressed
by correspondents aro not necessarily
endorsed by Tho Federatlonist and
no responsibility for iho views expressed ls accepted by tho management)
Conditions on the Prairies
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: I am
visiting on the prairie and thought
you might like to hear how the farmer is progressing? I am very pleased
to know both Mr. and Mra. Woods-
worth are making a splendid impression on the prairie folks. They both
contribute to the farmers' paper, called the Progressive, edited by Harris
Turner, the blind man. These articles
are read with great interest by the
prairie farmer. The people lh the district around here are disgusted with
the Progressives for not voting en
bloc on the Woodsworth amendment
to the budget, and they are particularly disappointed in their own member, Mr. Bonachie, whose actions are
just the reverse to progressive,
Everyone is busy seeding, and with
the necessary rainfall expect a good
crop. I found- time to talk in the
evenings, and I learned that most
farmers in the district are heavily In
debt to the bank. I will quote one
general example of how this happened. In 1916 the government allowed the banks to Increase their currency to 10 per cent, in order to loan
to the farmer money to buy stock,
then sent out pamphlets encouraging
greater production, emphasizing the
urgent necessity of stockralslng to
meet the needs of Europe. One Instance a farmer went to the bank, borrowed and bought stock, 'paid 4100
each for pure-bred shorthorns, which
were considered cheap at the time.
These same cattle were sold for $20
head this spring, and the calves
sold scarcely paid for their board.
The result is that the farmer does
not keep any more stock than he requires. In the meantime, he has to
pay back the loan, 10 per cent, interost compounded quarterly, and he has
become convinced that the banks do
not want him to get out of debt, in
order that the bank may control the
vast natural resources of the prairies.
Tho organizers are endeavoring to
round up the contracts to form the
much talked of wheat pool, and they
claim to have over 50 per cent, of the
wheat acreage recorded under contract in Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Tho farmer is aware that the wheat
pool will not solve all his difficulties,
but he thinks it is a step in the right
Trunks, Suit Cases
and Bags
Planning ft trip now or later in the summer?
Then why leave the matter of luggage until it's
time to buy your ticket? Buying now you can
make unhurried choice, and save handsomely in
the bargain.
Club Bags
Made of Walrus Grain
cowhide leather, with
choice leather lining inside pocket, double handles, good lock and catches;
size 16 inches, 18 inches
and 20 inches. Art ap
Price *90»7*J
Leather Suit Case
Made of strong shcepskih
leather, built on a steel
frame, with extra heavy
leather corners, cretonne
lining, shirt fold in cover,
brassed fittings, and good
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Covered with waterproof canvas aud protected with heavy
hardwood slats and steel binding, fitted with tray and
covered hat compartment, solid leather *«a __\t\
outside straps.   Size 36 inehes. Price A1 _\tO\j
it Hudson^ Ban abntpatra. §t
in co ubo HAT id     nro
primitive organisms is made clear
from many lines of evidence; and lf
they do nol actually constitute the
very earliest life-forms, as many biologists think they do, they are at any
rate closely related to thoso that do.
Their life history fs a very long one,
They go back to the palreozoic or
earliest life-period. We flnd them as
fossils in the Carboniferous and Devonian rocks In large numbers and
they would seem to have existed much
earlier than this. They have an un
broken line of descent stretching back
over a period that can only be measured by scores of millions of yeara.
Few if any organisms have a longer
pedigree. They are also ubiquitous.
Their distribution ts as wide as the
world itself. They are found every
where, another fact making for their
antiquity, and for their extraordinary
powers of adaptation; for they can
exist and thrive not only where any
other organism can but also under
conditions impossible for any other
form of life.
Even if It should later be shown
that they are derived either from the
fungi, through the yeast plants, or
from the blue-green algae, it would
be a matter of small moment; the evolutionary evidence would only be the
stronger. All three forms collectively
represent the very simplest kinds of
organisms and they' might easily be
collateral descendents of a common,
primal, ancestral form. Each group
has more or less relational contact
with the others through one or other
of its sub-divisions.
Another feature about bacteria,
which has strong evidential bearing
upon our doctrine is the fact that In
tbe bacterial cell segregation or localization of the chromatin or granular
matter has not yet takon place. This
shows ihut the bacteria are very primitive forms and at thc samo timo
makes clear to us that the differentiated puploar condition of the typical
coll Is a secondary stago ln Its life-
history, and must, therefore, be a product of tho evolutionary process. It
is clearly something later in time than
the undifferentiated cell. It Is an Important slep onwards In the ascent of
These same traits of prlmltlvencss
and evolutionary advance are shown
in their lack of definite characters.
As a group they are neither truly
plants nor truly animals. In Iheir
extreme divisions they combine the
characters of both organism. But ln
such a way that It becomes clear that
tlie earliest and most primitive forms
are those which possess the plant-like
traits and the later and more complex,
and, therefore, the more advanced
forms, the ones that exhibit animal-
like characters.
The life-history, then, of theBe bacterial forms, presents us from first
to last with many signal proofs of evolution.
The strong differences between the
higher and the lower forms, their
many species and varieties, their wide
differentiation in form and function,
all proclaim the existence of an active
evolutionary process. As Father
Wasmann said of his modified beetles
In tho second article, they can be satisfactorily explained only In terms of
organic evolution.
(To be continued)
direction, and the only hope he has
in the future is to make united efforts to obtain better conditions.
Tramping Lake, Sask,,
June 30, 1924.
Labor Party ln Comox Riding
Editor B. C. Federationist: Now
that the election smoke has cleared
i away, I would like to offer some com
ment on T. A. Barnard's lotter pub
lishod In your issue of June 6th,, entitled, "Why I Did Not Contest Comox Riding." Personally, I feel that
Comrade Barnard expressed the
truth In his letter, but there are many
supporters of the labor party in the
Comox riding who contend he got
cold feet, ran out and left us In the
air! By his action he placed a bomb
of infamy ln the hands of the sup
porters of the other parties who did
not fall to explode It throughout the
district, blemishing the reputation of
the labor party, not only in Comox
riding, but also throughout the province. Persistent rumors declare
that our candidate sold out to one
of the other parties. We challenge
thiB poisoned arrow and hereby ask
any citizen who pretends to have information that might support the
rumor to assist the members of this
local to reach its source. In tho
meantime this local will carry on
and prepare for the next election
It costs 25 cents to become a member,
and we take them from every part
of the province. We wish to thank
those who contributed to pur campaign funds. Any who wish their
money returned please notify me.
The balance will be carried forward
to contest the next election.
Secretary Valdez-Read  Island  Local.
Herrlot  Bay.   B.C.,   June   24,   1924.
believe, induce our leaders of socialism to let down the bars and issuo
a special Invitation to our Christian
friends to come in and help. I might
add that, for my c,,wn part, 1 think
that a socialistic programme devoid,
of religion would be a failure; so, I
alBO believe, that from a political
point of view, true Christians cannot
fail to stand back of socialism. Thosq
who count socialism a religion, I
would call socialistic fanatics; and
those who claim that Christianity demands a withdrawal from all matters
political, I would call religious fanatics—both hindrances to our progress. I
Vancouver, B. C, July 2, 1924.
ClirlHtlanlty and Socialism
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Why
does a certain typo of socialist deny
all religion? If your answer lies
along the line of error through su
perstltipn I would say this: that su
pei'Htltioti plays a very small part
in the minds of countless thousands
of brilliant men and women who have
embraced the Christian religion, if
it is the lack of proof of mi many
things, I would say any man who
refuses to believe whut he cannot
prove is going to have a very dltlicull
time. If it Is along tho line of errors
tnugtht in our churches, you have
my most hearty sympathy. I don't
believe Christ would recognize sumo
of his teachings as interpreted by
Homo of our ordained ministers today, but I would still say thai Is no
argument against Christianity. If
our movement could harness tip some
those energetic and ardent souls
to be found in the church movement,
few short years would suffice to
convert the world. They fight shy,
however, because of the quite unnecessary opposition to their religion.
Thoy fear, and rightly so, to go
where thore is an openly expressed
opposition to a belief In God. Somo
day, I am convinced the two factions—both working for the same
fend, will get togethor; then why not
now? A recognition of tho fact that
religion is one of the greatest factors in the  life of mankind, would,  I
Prejudice v. Conviction
Few of us take the pains to study
the origin of our cherished convictions; indeed, we have a natural repugnance to so doing. We like to
continue to believe what we hava
been accustomed to accept as true,
and the resentment aroused when'
doubt ls cast upon any of our assumptions leads us to seek every manner
for clinging to them. The, result ls
that most of our so-called reasoning
consists In finding arguments for
going on believing as we already do.
—James Harvey Robinson, In "Tha
Mind ln the.Making."
tSMDttfl "  '   >
TENDERS wanted for supply of materia
snd labour for painting wor* at following
schools; Lord Roberta, Lord Tennyson,
Model,  Grandvlew and Dawson.
Tendon to be made on official tender form
accompanying all specification!, obtainable
School Board Office, Hamilton and Dunsmuir
Streets, on payment of deposit of $5.00
Tenders in sealed enveiopes to be In bands
of undersigned not later tban July 8th. 1924.
Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
Socretary, Vancouver School Hoard.
X    ami labour for electrical work at Model
nnd Seymour Schools.
Tenders to he madi* mi offlelsl tender form
iiccomimoyiiiK nil spec ifl cat Inns, ohlsluablu
School Bonrd Office, Hamilton nud Dommniir
Streets, on pnymuril of deposit of $5.00.
Tenders in sealed envelopes to ho in hnnds
of undersigned not Inter thun July Htli,  11)34.
Lowest or nny tender not necessarily nccepted.
Socretary, Vancouver School Board,
TENDERS wanted   for supply of material
and labour for pjumblng work at Fair-
view School.
Tenders to be made on ofliciul tender form
accompanying all specifications, obtainable
School Board Office, Hamilton and Dunsmuir
Stroets, on payment of deposit of flO.UO.
Tenders in sealed envelopes to he in hands
of undersigned not later thnn July 8th, 1924.
Lowest or any lender nol necessarily accepted.
Secretary, Vancouver School Board.
After-Eating Distress
And all forms ot stomach troubU, aueb si
gas pains, acid, sour, burning stomach are
all relieved In two minutes by taking
la-t. HU kr (Ul Dram*,
Freah Cat Flowen, Funeral DealfM, Wedding Bouquets, Pot. Flints,
Ornamental and Shade Treea, Seeda, Bulbs, Flortna' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
1 v-' I ... '■ ■.' B .
,   ,.. fliOBtSnS AMP NCBS-amU-N i. •.*,.,
Eaat        I—STORKS-J        US OnuivllW Btrtet
sixteenth year.  No. 27 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, aa
FRIDAY July  4, li
Brighouse Park
Seven Races Daily
Rain or Shine
Grandstand Box Seats, single or
entiro" box, at rate of 60c per
seat per .clay, may be reserved
901 Standard Bank Building
Sacrificed   by   Old-line   Parties
Who Have Out-lived Their
Convenient Payments
sends home a nugnlflwnt new
Player Piano
(0*k, Wftlnat ud M»hog»ny)
Oomplete  with   Bench uid  25 new
Bolls, yoar own selection.
Full Price, $700.00
The bounce arranged on Eur Termi,
We will take yonr present piano or
phonograph  as  part payment
Lewis Leads!   Follow Who Cant
Russia's Policy
(Continued from page 1)
in the highest governing positions is
one sign of thla. It is no small proof
of the practical wisdom of the soviet
government's policy of racial tolerance that the old feuds between the
primitive peoples who inhabit the
Caucasus and Bussian Central Asia
havo now died out. The traveller
concludes: "If the soviet government
continues to pursue its present policy,
then the Russian East will become an
Interesting, though perhaps not al'
togother pleasant, object of study for
European powers which prefer to
treat their Asiatic dominions as colonies to be ruled by foreigners."
The 'model coal-mine" at Wembley
no more represents the average con
ditions in a mine to-day than Buck
ingham palace represents a slum.—
George Hardie, M.P.
Be sure to notify the post ofllce as
soon aa you change your address.
imml la two mW-Ui wltb
Gas, sold, lour, burning atomaeh all quickly
relieved with JO-TO.    Drag Storei,
Palmer Graduate
Backache,   Sprains,   -Rheumatism, Stomach and all Internal Troubles.
Hume, Seymour 1(100
New Alignment of Labor Forces
Needed for Next Federal
Elections        N
[From Stellnrton Workers Weekly]
''THE days of the liberals and conservatives are passing at a rapid
rate. These names are now simply
echoes of the days of the past. They
no longer mean anything. The party
system has had its day. It has been
weighed in the balanco and found
They are both ruled by a few people who meet generally in Montreal
and less frequently in Toronto. They
are the men who put up the campaign
funds. The big corporations all over
Canada, as well as the big law firms,
are nicely balanced as to the two
parties. A strong grit is set off
against an equally strong tory. Look
over .the list and see.
So it Is in the business world.
There are as many grit protectionists
df the first water as there are tory
protectionists. That is the way they
travel. That is the way the Manufacturers' association Is worked-
Study the boards of directors of oil
the big corporations. Tou will Bee.
You will see that these boards ore
so well balanced that no matter what
party is in power they will probably
be safe.
That ls the reason they have been
so constructed. They are bound to
protect their own interests. Usually
they subscribe to the party funds of
both sides. They allways do it unless
they feel annoyed at some particular party, then the fund goes to the
side they count a friend.
So, gentle reader, you can see there
is only one political party running
the affairs of Canada. And that,
these days, is the general rule In all
countries. We say, "gentle reader,"
because you are gentle. Tou are so
gentle that you are not a factor in the
play at all. Your business is to pay.
You can be depended upon to do that,
for there will be such a nice pleasant little story told you by the subsidized press that you will swallow lt
without a shade of discomfort and
then go on paying, because you are
convinced everything is all right.
You will read of the profits being"
made on all sorts of articles you buy,
and you will also read how such
things as coal are sold so low that no
profits can be made (that, is the latest) while you should know, if you
had any Bense at all, that you are
being skinned alive.
The people are easy. No wonder
they are plundered. Why not? It
is looked upon as a crime not to
plunder, when the plundering is
easy. The two old-line parties are
aiders and abettors in this plundering. . . .
The world has been shaken and
people are opening their eyes. The
rnarltimes must have a place in the
sun. We demand it. The progresses are fighting for the lives of the
west. In a recent issue of the "Pror
gresslve," published in Saskatchewan,
the editor demands the building of.
the Hudson Bay railway. He does
not mince matters. He says the road
has to be built, and if it ls not, they
will certainly know the reason why.
There is no smooth talk. They are
go-getters. The progressives say they
want a thing, and they get lt. Why?
Because they have shaken off party
when it Interferes with their business.
When the rnarltimes learn the lesson of the progressives, we also may
receive some attention. The feeling
is in the air to-day. In union there
is strength. There is only one way
to redeem these provinces. Party
must be forgotten and we must all
stand together for a prosperous Canada.
Chinese Labor to Obtain an Eight-
hour Day—Demonstration
at Canton
A Shanghai press correspondent
says that thousands of laborers met
recently at Canton, Hankow and Tientsin to demand an eight-hour day.
At Canton, 170,000 laborers, representing 160 labor unions, paraded.
At Shanghi the laborers added to
the demand ai recommendation for
a national conference to be held there
this year, for the discussion of labor
questions including abolition of child
In Canton, Dr. Sun Yat-sen addressed the demonstrators Bhortly before the opening of a conference held
by labor u,.ions. From the sympathy
expressed with labor aims the Kuom-
fntang party, which Dr, Sun heads,
is tending to become the labor party
of China?"
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. C.'
Eight-hour Law.—On June 1, 1924,
the Eight-hour law, passed by the
French parliament, became effective.
It is specifically applicable to barber
shops, the printing and binding, tanning and allied industries, and to the*
manufacture of leather shoes and textiles.
Special Labor Court.—It Is announced that the 'president of the
labor department will soon present to
the ministry of interior a project
which will provide, among other
things, for the creation of a special
court for the .decision of questions
arising from the application of labor
Homes for the Poor.—A resolution
recently adopted by the Pernambuco
chamber of deputies provides for the
establishment of a foundation for the
building of homes for recognlzedly
poor persons, in exchange for a small
monthly rental.
Shipyard Lockout Ends.—The lockout of German shipyard workers,
which began on February 28, 1*24,
has been settled following negotiations in Hamburg and an agreement
upon a nine-hour day .and certain
wage adjustments.
Unemployment in Saxony.—Unemployment in Saxony reached its maximum in December, 1923, when the
number of unemployed was 30P.685,
with 295,368 family members and
582,426 short workers receiving un
employment support, making a grand
total of 1,186,478 persons who were
fully and partially dependent upon
the state for support.
Salary Increases Considered.—At n
meeting of the Lithuanian cabinet,
held on April 23, 1924, the project of
raising the salaries of all government
employees was considered.
Vehicular Strikers Augmented.—
Carriers of milk, vegetables and other
country produce have been induced
to join the striking chauffeurs, coachmen and teamsters of Oporto, causing
a serious shortage of country produce
In Oporto and adjoining cities and
Protest Proposed Wage Agreement.
-A conference of the delegates of
the South Wales" miners minority
movement, held at Cardiff on May 24,
took exception to the proposed wage
agreement entered into by the Executive Committee of the Miners Federation of Great Britain.
Do not make it difficult for people
to get to Wembley, and do not rob
the working classes who go to the
exhibition, in the interest of the exploiters, somo of whom, at any rate,
aro aliens and foreigners.—Tom
Johnston, M.P.
Summer Excursions
Low Fares
Prairie Points
Eastern Canada
Central and Eastern States
Optional Routes—Stopovers—Side Trips
Vancouver—Prince Rupert*—Jasper Park
A delightful mil nnd water trip
Tourist and Travel Bureau, 527 OranvUle Street
Canadian National Railways
We plead for the Mines Nationalisation Bill becauso we believe that
under nationalisation we can produce
coal at least as cheaply as it Is produced at the present time, wo can
Improve the earning capacity of our
people, and we can, to a vory great
extent reduce the death and accident
rates In our mines.—Mr. Smillie, M
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall it to a friend.
Lansdowne Park
Wed., July 9
Wed. July 16
West Coast Jockey Club
220 Winoh Bdg., Sey. 2191
Many   Countries   Prepare   New
Literature Against War
The Postal Workers
(Continued from page 1)
'.'The Inexcusable Lie" —Book
Tells the Terrible Truth
About Late War
[Lucy L. Woodsworth]
TJECENTLY I heard Pte. Pete lecture in Chicago on his experiences
in the great war. Then I bought
his latest hook, "The Inexcusable
Lie." It is a book well worth reading, terribly true and yet so simply
written that ono can read it when
too tired to read anything heavy.
The lie is that, for us older peoplo,
war haa been stripped of ovory
shread of- the glamour and romance that surrounded it in
our younger days. We know
now that war is a futile thing,
a thing of disease and filth, of destruction, materially, physically and
morally alike. Yet our children are
still being taught so that they think
of war what we used to think instead of what we now know to be
People are wakening up to this lie
everywhere. While at the recent congress of the Women's International
League for Peace and Freedom, in
Washington, I waa stirred to hear
the Austrian delegate state that Austria" haB already re-written her text
books from this standpoint; then she
collected the old ones and mode a
bonfire of them. In many other
countries new text books are now being prepared which will cease perpetuating the lie. In England, Germany and Sweden much haa already
been done along this line.
On the other hand, as Pte. Peat—
who, by the way, enlisted at Edmonton—points out, in all other great
countries, histories of the last war
are now being written from the old
standpoint. He gives as an example
the narration of one particular event
in the war and then writes what he
says would be a true account of it.
The question for us to decide is which
sort of history we want our children
to learn, the one that seta forth the
truth of the war, or the one that
clothes it with a false glory.
[Lucy L. Woodsworth]
WHO wouldn't go to school it he
could have milea and miles of an
automobile ride along the lake shore
away out into the country to get
there? Thia was the decidedly
agreeable digreasion laat Sunday in
the routine of the Chicago summer
school now being held under the auspices of the Woman'a International
League for Peace and Freedom;
Spring was at ita loveliest—green
grass, half-opened foliage, purple
lilacs and blossom-time among the
fruit  trees,
"Luncheon and dinner in Wauke-
gan in the Bowen Country club'
had left me guessing. Evidently
Miss Jane Addams knows what's in
a name, for this sounded much m >re
inviting to me than "The fresh air
camp at Waukegan" would have
done. Yet that Is what it is, thia
flourishing adjunct of the Hull House
Settlement. Here in one of the big
halls surrounded by cottages among
trees and gardens, ponds and walks
winding away down the ravine, We
sat and talked.
First Dr. Ethel Williams, a pi'ao
tieing physician, a member o;' the
Labor Party and a real Britisher,
told us something- of the principles
and policies of Ramsay Macdonald
and his party. She thought his way
of recognizing Russia typically britiah. So dfd "Punch." There he was
represented as seated at an empty
table saying1, "Now we've got a table,
let's see what we can put on it."
"Now they are engaged in a well-
nigh endless discussion," said she,
"The result w'll be that nobody will
get what' he wants, but because of
that very fact, everybody will agree
to it." On the other hand, Italy'n
recognition, of Russia was with all
tho courtly procedure of the dnys of
tho old diplomacy.
Madame Capy of France, editor
and journalist, dark, handsome, imposing, sees in the recent French
elections, the beginning of a return to
sanity. *She thinks this really expresses tho French mind, as eighty
per cont. of tho voters cast theh* ballot In thfs olection, whereas Just
after tho war tho soldiers and many
others wero too exhausted to tako
any Interost in voting. This election
following Macdonald's statesmanlike
gesture of reassurance to Franco
and Incidentally "giving hor i
chance to savo hor face," us Dr
Williams put ft, augers well for tho
growth of a new spirit in international   relations.
True to old Ireland, 'her represon>
lutlve, Mrs. Johnson, gave us a laugh
by pointing out that her subject was
"Non-vlolenotej in the Labor movement." Thoro had been some howovor, wo found out beforc sho had
Fraulcln Heymann of Gormany,
whoHc presenco seems to suggest one
of the mlghtly prophets of old,
longH for "the swords to bo bonton
Into piouffhshares." Sho Is firmly
persuaded that new nctivo forces of
gond-wlll must bo allowed to work
among tho pooples before peaco can
truly come. I think that sho and
Chandl would find they speak tho
Hamo  language.
Hut wo had to quit lf we were to
strike occurs in the present instance.
I want to point out that no Hon.
Member haa expressed the opinion, at
least so far _as I have been able to
gather, that the salaries now paid
postal employees are at all high; no
suggestion of that kind has been
made. I think, therefore, I am justified in concluding that in the opiinon
of those who have spoken these salaries are if anything too low.
* *        •
Mr. JOSEPH T. SHAW (West Ca*
gary); It may be interesting for honorable members to know that according to a return (No. 174) brought
down on 15th May last year, of some
19,487 permanent employees in the
service 11,061 received salaries of
$900 or less per year, while 7,806 received salaries of $890 and less. I
want to compare those salaries with
the figures given in connection with
tho standard of living of various official organizations. Perhaps it may
not be uninteresting to refer to some
investigations made by certain American organizations. The United States
Bureau of Statistics in the Labor Review for July of 1919, established a
flgure of J1.850 per annum for a family of five. The Philadelphia Bureau
of Municipal Research, in Bulletin No.
567, of April 5th, 1923, found that
the cost of the working man's standard of living as of March, 1923, was
the sum of $i,854.&8. ■ The National
Industrial Conference Board, of Detroit, Michigan, in September, 1921,
fixed these figures:
For a family of four, $1,527.08.
For a family of five,  $1,697.95.
For a  family   of  six, $1,868.82.
* *       *
The Visiting Housekeepers' Association of Detroit, Michigan, found on
March 1, 1924, that in the caae of a
family of five the flgure should stand
at $2,060.64; and John A. Ryan,
author of "A Living Wage," figured
on June 1, 1919, that the amount
Bhould be $1,605. The average of the
Railway Arbitration Boards in Canada approximatets $1,900 for a family
of five.
«_.      •       *
On page 431 of the Labor Gazette
of Canada, I think for the current
year, $20.58 ls stated to be the weekly
budget for a family of five, and covers
the necessary minimum cost of food,
fuel, light and rent. This amounts to
$1,070.16 per year. On the same page
it states that for the average family
of five the expenditure on these items
of food, fuel, light and rent would be
perhaps two-thirds or about sixty-five
per cent, of the total income. Adding
this additional amount, the flgure, according to the Labor Department,
amounts to $1,606.24. -Then, before
the special Civil Service Committee of
last year evidenco was produced by
the civil acrvanta themselves which
indicates that for December, 1922, the
figures stood at $1,752.84. Now, here
is a mass of figures, not only from this
country, but also from the United
States, which indicates that the
amount necessary to maintain a proper standard of living for a family of
five is certainly greatly in excess of
the figures which I have just quoted
as the average salaries received by
the Civil Service employees in Canada.
* •       •
In view of the fact that the salaries now received by the postal employees, and the salaries proposed by
the Civil Service Commission and by
the employees themselves, are far
less than the standard of living as indicated by the figures I have given, it
seems to me tt ls only fair that the
government, as % model employer,
should seek some avenue and some
means of escape from the unfortunate
condition which now exists, and I suggest to the government that it la not
yet too late to make this proposal to
the postal employees, ln order that
the threatened strike may be averted.
enjoy the last of the sunshine out
Jn the green spaces. The air seemed
pure, and was pure, after the smoke
and dust of Chicago. Everywhere
were sky-blue violets hidden among
the grass, wee birdies cheeped softly
among the branches while the mother
redstart let us know of her worst
fears. Soon the welcome call for
dinner sounded, and more than 100
of us gathered around the tables,
presided over by Miss Jane Addams.
A little later we were bowling along
Sheridan Road "homeward" to the
A very delightful interlude between the .two weeks of lectures.
Each morning the opening lecture is
given by one of the Unvlersity professors on subjects such ns, "Thc
Historic Development of Internationalism," "Changing Attitudo Toward
War, In English Literature," "Migrations of peoples," "Biological BaRes
of International Co-operation." This
Is followed by perhaps four half-
hour lectures by tho dolegates of the
Woman's International League for
Peace and Freedom, Every day
thore Is a luncheon, open to tho public, given by one of the Influential
women's clubs In Chicago at whicli
the outside delegates are guests.
Our Chicago hostesses have placod
their cars at our disposal, and they
are skilful drivers and delightful
The afternoon sossion lasts from
4.30 to 6.30, either ln lho Fino Arts
Building or tho beautiful Ida Noyes
Hall of tho University. This is followed by a dinner under- condlitons
similar to those of the luncheons.
Ono cannot fall to realize, to some
extent at least, the tremendous forco
latertt In. such a world-group of
womon; I use the term world-group
advisedly, sinco wo had 34 countries
represented at Washington, though
not all delogatos were able to remain for thc Summer School hero
fn   Chicago. *
Your frlonds might bo glad to sub.,
scribe for Tho Foderationist if you
nsked them.   Try.
TTIAT is, they did know—you have told them so in times
1 past—but do they all remember it? We all know that
Ivory Soap floats, and that Royal Baking Powder is absolutely pure, and that children cry for Castoria and the
kind of soap that makes a skin you like to touch, ett., etc.,
—and we're not going to forget about them for a minute,
because the manufacturers spend millions of dollars a
year telling us about them, day by day, and week by
week, and month by month. They take no chances on.
being forgotten. How about your business? Is'ntitjust
as important that you be kept in mind by tho buying public—the working men and the housewife—in your territory as it is to thc national advertiser that his product
be remembered? You ean covor your trade territory
more easily, more cheaply in proportion, and more thoroughly than the national advertiser can cover the whole
country. But you've got to keep it up to get the results
that he gets. And you can't expect to advertise in flush
times and live on the memory of it when you're hard up.
The Official Organ of the Federated Labor Party
Publishing Offlce: 1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Phone Seymour 2132 for Advertising Bates.
Members opposite represent the
privileged class; we represent the
working class.—Mr.  Buchanan, M.P.
If you have an idea that you th
will benefit Labor, let us have
We'll spread it.
Ask for OA-TO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
T-ii •dmtuemut U not pnUHllud or dljpl«y«l ly tb. LIquoi Control Bovd ot
bjr Hu down-tent of Bttlih OolomUi
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steely
° McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Dozen—Worth Mon
Sold at all Government Vendors' Stores
Tliis advertisement is not published or displayed by the LiquJ
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.


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