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British Columbia Federationist Aug 8, 1924

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ENHON CALLHs We See It-Labor
Fortieth Annual of Tradei and
Labor Congress of
I in the Political Field
[By Angus Maclnnis]
Delegates Will Assemble at Lo*
don, Ont., Commencing
Monday, Sept. 15th
rpHE annual convention of the
■* Trades and Labor -congress of
Canada will be held this year in
London, Ont. The convention call,
signed by Tom Moore, president and
P. M. Draper, secretary-treasurer,
has been sent to all afflliated unions,
trades councils and provincial federations of labor. The circular reads
as foiiowsi
In accordanco with suction 1
tide vlil., of the constitution, you are
hereby notified that the fortieth an
mini convention of tho Trades and
Labor congress of Canada will be
hold In the Masonic Temple, 251)
Queen's avenue, London, Ont, be-
ginning at 10 a.m., Monday, September 15th, and continuing in session
from day to day until the buainess of
the convention has been completed.
Reports summarizing the work of
th'e congress, Its provincial executives and federations, will be submitted along with recommendations
und resolutions sent fn by affiliated
bodies from which the policies for
tho   ensuing  year  will   be  devised.
It is scarcely necessary to remind
you of the importance of every affiliated organization being fully represented in order that the decisions of
the convention may reflect, to the
fullest degree, tho desires of our
The Trades and Labor congress of
Canada will best serve the purposes
for which it exists when every individual member and organization
takes an active Interest. In Its work.
We therefore ask you to elect your
delegates promptly and properly fill
in the enclosed credentials, return
the pink form (duplicate) at once
to this offlce; the blue form (original) to bo retained and. presented by
the senior delegate to the credential
committee, which meets one day
t prior to the opening of the con-
i vention.
Attention Is drawn to the follow-
| Ing extracts from    the    constitution
. of the Trades and Labor congress, relating to representation and also to
, the   necessity  of   having   resolutions
to  bo considered by the convention
I forwarded to the office of the secretary-treasurer twenty days  prior to
| the  opening of the convention:
Section 1. At the annual or other
' convention the basis of representation from afflliated bodies shall bc:
fprom local unions or branches in
f Canada of international trade unions,
\ local branches of national unions
land trade unions, directly chartered
kby the congress: one delegate for
Lthe first one hundred members, or
and one for each additional
fone hundred members or the major-
1 Uy fraction thereof; international
land national unions, affiliating their
[entire Canadian membership    direct
■ from headquarters, shall be entitled
■ to one additional delegate to be nom-
linated from thetr Canadian membership;   trades councils and  provincial
federations  of  labor,    three    dele-
__j. 2. All delegates   shall    carry
vJjentials bearing the signature of
khe presiding officer   and    secretary
hnd seal of the organization to which
fhey   belong.   No   proxy  representa
shall be allowed, but   two   oi
nore trade  unions may combine to
jend one delegate, In which case the
delegate's credential  must  bear the
ilgnature of the presiding officer and
Lecretary and the seal of the organiation of which he is a member.
Sec.   7. Credentials shall  be    forwarded to reach the offlce    of    the
|ecretary-treasurer not    later    than
days prior to the opening of the
| Sec.   4. Resolutions  for  considera-
of the convention and  amendments  to  the  constitution  shall  be
brwnrded to the dfflce of the secre-
try-treasurer and  shall he received
him  not later than twenty days
frior to the opening of the conven-
RoBolutions    submitted    con-
to this section    can    only    be
(balth with by the   congress   on a
t'o-thirds vote of the delegates pre-
■ Hotel reservations should be made
|rect, or those desiring accomoda-
in private residences should
pmmunlcate with F. Burk, secre-
xy, convention committee, 8 75
Idelalde street,  London.  Ont.
WEEK we dealt with the
*■* possibility of effecting social
changes by sudden, violent, or what
is usually termed unconstitutional
Many more arguments could have
been brought forward to prove the
fallacy of expecting to accomplish
anything of any permanent value, by
such methods; but the possibility of
attempting to bring about social and
economic change by that, method In
this country Is so remote that no further time need be taken up with this
phase of the Question,
But in the Labor movement we
have not only the ultra-radical, but
also the ultra-conservative. This extreme conservative wing, in our opinion, is more of a detriment to the advancement of the Labor movement
than the radical wing, They are a
greater menace to the movement because there are more of them.
The one underrates the power of
the state to suppress movements that
are Inimical to its existence, and the
other does not understand the purpose
of government. Tne ultra-conservative puts his faith entirely in parlla-
Canadian Labor Party Form local
Council for Greater
Birth Control
| Mrs, Anne Kennedy, of New York
Ity, secretary of the American Birth
Tmtrol league, will be in Vancouver
Monday,   August  llth,   and  will
|eet with the members of the league
the Vancouver "Women's building,
R2 Thurlow street, at 8 p.m.   Mrs,
fennedy has been speaking in San
fanclsco, Seattle and other western
|ties.    Those who had the good for-
to hear Mrs. Margaret Sanger,
i president of the league, the auth-
. of "Woman and tho New Race,"
Pivot    of    Civilization,"    and
tiny   other   imortant  works,  when
was In Vancouver last summer,
loklng forward with groat Inter-
j to Mrs. Kennedy's visit.   All who
Interested in tho rogress of the
ivemcnt for tho betterment of tbe
race are welcome to attend
Ve miners havo invested something
than capital in tho. mlnilng In-
fairy:   we  havo  Invested   our  lives.
Tie Hall,  M.P.
Meeting Adjourns Till August 15
to Discuss Important
/"\N Friday evening,* August 1st, a
convention was called by the executive of the provincial branch of
the Canadian Labor Party for the
purpose of forming a local council.
At the outset some considerable
interest was aroused over the seating of two of the delegates present
from other bo'dles- Ex-Aid. Seribbins had his right to sit questioned,
on account of his alleged association
with the conservative party. He
denied that he was now associated
with the conservative party and, in
view of that, he was permitted to
remain. Mr. Bert Showier, however,
the other delegate in question, met
with a different fate. He was not
allowed to be seated as a delegate.
During the discussion regarding
Mr. Showier, it was pointed out by
some that he was a duly accredited
delegate from the Trades and Labor
council and, as such, the convention
had no power to refuse him the privilege of sitting as a delegate from
that body. He wa8 there, it was.
pointed out by some, as a represen
tative of the Trades and Labor: coun
cil ahd not as an individual, and for
that reason it was thought that he
should be allowed to remain, ln
spite of the fact, that he was still,
a candidate of the provincial party
of B. C.
Others, however, took a very strong
exception to Mr. Showler's presence.
They pointed out that it was understood that the Canadian Labor party
was formed to forward the interests
of labor, and, that it was essential
that those who sat In Its councils
should be heart and soul with the
movement and not members of some
party that was fundamentally opposed to the interests of labor, as
was^he provincial party, In their
opinions, and for which party Mr.
Showier had, only at this last elect-
Ion, been a candidate in opposition
to tho true representatives of labor.
Some felt that such men as Mr.
Showier, who had bcen asociated
with the trades union movement,
when they accepted such a position
with- the old line political parties,
served more or less as "decoy ducks"
to other members of the labor movement, who were not, perhaps, very
well versed on labor matters, nor
acquainted with the various individuals who might be trusted to further
the best interests of that class.
The matter was put to a vote and
by a majority of about three to one
the meeting .disapproved of Mr.
Showier being allowed to sit as a
The convention then approved of
the idea of the exocutive regarding
the formation of a local council of
the Canadian Labor party for greater Vancouver, which council would
have to assume the responsibility of
dealing with the matter of laeni politics and such other local activities
that might bo considered In the interests of labor.
The following members were chosen for the executive of the new
body: Chairman, Fred Hoover;
secrotary, W. Dunn; mombers of the
executive, ,T. Flynn, F. Griffin, Angus
Mclnnes, Mrs, Dolk, Mrs. Lorimer.
Owing to the lateness of the hour
and the importance of tho business
to bo further discussed, It was decided to adjourn tlio meeting for two
weeks, which will bo on Friday, August the 15th, at tho Trades and Labor council  hall,  Holden building.
'mentary action—politics as carried on
by the bourgeois parties. They have
the outlook of the trade unionist and
mostly belong to that school. Tlieir
politics has its beginning and end ln
the election of members to the legislature or •parliament. Their policy fs
based on bargaining and political
trading with the other political parties for the purpose of having reform legislation placed on the statute
books that may be of value to the
workers. They fall to' realize that
before far-reaching changes can take
place, changes that will give the workers more of the product of their toll
and their masters less, that the -workers must have an organization more
powerful than \ the organization of
heir masters. The master class live
by the exploitation of the working
class, and it is not to be expected that
they should pass legislation that
would affect their own interest adversely. The right wing of the labor
movement has not grasped the fact
that capitalism is founded on the ex->
ploitation of the propertyiess worker
and that capitalist government has no
other reason for Its existence than to
faciltate that exploitation. In other
words tho function of government,
under capitalism, Is to make easy the
exploitation of the working class that
more profits may accrue to the
owners of the means of life, and consequently the real rulers of any
If this is the case and we submit
that it Is, a knowledge of this fact
is the first essential to intelligent
action on the part of the workers.
How t'o put this knowledge in possession of the vast majority is the
problem that confronts any and every
.working class political party that has
as its ultimate objective the' co-operative commonwealth. And to do
that we must make use of every
means that will give us an opportunity of reaching the masses. After
many years of propaganda ln this
province—propaganda which for the
moBt part was pre-eminently scientific—we have failed to reach the
masses. If we are to reach the people
we must enter into the life of the
people. Society has many things
which ocoupy Its attention, and we
must take part in the various'activities of the community. We have not
in the past paid enough attention -to
municipal affairs.
It is true that the property qualification for candidates is a considerable drawback in taking part in municipal elections. However, if the right
candidates can be found the number
of people which can be reached by
aldermen and school trustees fs very
large, and the good that can be accomplished is not so much In what
Is actually done as In the attitude
taken by the representative on the
questions which arise.
Because in the past we pointed out
that nothing could be gained by reform legislation, it was supposed that
we would oppose any such legislation.
While we may point out on the hustings the futility of reform legislation,
and correctly so, until the workers can
at least bring some pressure to bear on
administration, any working class
member In the legislature would not
oppose any measure which had for
Its purpose the betterment of the life
of the worker.
In conclusion, we would say that any
live labor party must have an international outlook. No fundamental
change can take place at this period
In any country unless a correspond
ing change takes place in adjacent
countries. If emancipation ls to come
to the workers it must come on an international scale lf it Is to be successful and lasting, <*.
The position of the Federated Labor party may be stated by quoting
from an article which appeared in
the Socialist Review for May, by P.
J. Dollan:
"The I.L.P. has never advocated
that legislation is the only way to
socialism. The advance to socialism
is only possible when there are
enough socialists to make the ad*
vance. There cannot be socialism
without socialists. Capitalism Ib by no
means a rigid and unbending system
and is proving very adaptable and
elastic. It will not be overthrown by
phrases or turbulent upheavals. Its
demise will be the outcome of steady
and persistent endeavors expressed in
a thousand and one different varieties
of attack."
■S PARTY it extending an invitation to Margaret Bondfleld,
British M. P., who will make a
trip through Canada shortly to
address a propaganda meeting under the auspices of the Federated
Labor Party, notice of whieh will
appear shortly.
Malcolm MacDonald—son of
Premier Ramsey MacDonald—
expected to be in Vanoouver sometime in September, while on a tour
through the United States and
Canada, with a debating team
from some of the English universities. An invitation is being forwarded to him to Speak at a mass
meeting of the Federated Labor
Muddled Morality-*
How Labor Is Robbed
Council to Ask Ottawa to Remove Dominion Fair-wage
Allege   Unfair  Wages  Paid by
Exhibition Association at
Hastings Park
AFTER the disposal of routine bui
Iness thc Trades and Labor council yn Tuesday night empowered Ht:
secretary to ask Ottawa to remove
Dominion Fair-wage Officer Fred
Harrison from his post in British
Columbia. Il was claimed by Der.
Dunn for the building trades council that Harrison had not enforced
among shipowners here an agreement
raising the wages for carpenters.
The socretary of the Trades and
Labor congress of Canada will also
be-asked to assist in'carrying out
this agreement.
W. H. Cottrell announced that an
organization of a Greater Vancouver
branch of the Canadian Labor party
has been effected, Point Grey, South
Vancouver and Vancouver are represented. Delegate Hoover Is president and William Dunn is secretary-
Protest will be made to the city
council about alleged unfair wages
paid by the Exhibition association
to employees at Hastings Park. A
committee was appointed to interview the city council suggesting the
abrogation of the lease of Hastings
park to the association unless a
clause sanctioning city wages to association employees be adhered to.
A committee was appointed to bring
labor proposals before the educational survey commission next week.
As to Local-made Clears
There Is plenty of talk about boost
Ing your home city and patronizing
home industry, but talk ,is cheap-
"actlons speak louder than words.1
For instance, B. C. is flooded with
foreign-made cigars, the sales of
which are enormous. Why not give
our own city union cigar factories
a sporting chance, and patronize
their     products? If   local-made
cigars were used exclusively by our
citizens; It would not be very long
ore 500 men would be regularly employed  In Vancouver at good wages.
Those who don't go down to thc
sea In ships for a living, manage to
scrape along vory well. Lord Pirrlc,
of Harland & Wolff's, has loft three
and a half millions, which means that
he savo £10 a week for nearly 7,000
years. Lord Plrrfo wasn't as old as
that, but slill .'.—Forward, Glasgow.
Tabloid Issued by United States
Department of Labor, at
Washington, D. 0.
Industry Thrived in 1023.—Published reports of the ministry of industry 'and labor show that during the
year 1923, Belgium industries were,
for the most part, operating up to the
limit of their capacity; that the demand for agricultural labor was far
in excess of tho supply; and that the
number of offers of employment from
individuals and firms exceeded request
of labor applicants for placement.
Homes for Pernambuco's Poor.—
On May 21, 1924, the legislative congress of the state approved the project conferring upon the governor the
authority to expend, during the current fiscal period, an amount of 100
contos of rels for the establishment
of a foundation whoso purpose will
bo the building, In tho city of Recife,
of small houses for the poor.
Improved Labor Conditions for Recife.—On September 16, 1924, municipal law, No. 1342, which provides
for a complete reorganization of conditions governing the employment of
women and children In Recife, Por-
nambuco, will become effective.
Conference on Immigration Act.—
Based upon tho theory tbat "reduced
quotas havo quite a paralyzing offect
on tho North Atlantic emigration
trafflc," a conference of representatives, numbering about 20 persons, of
tho vnrious American, British, German, Fronch, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian and Danish steamship lines,
engaged In emigration trafflc to the
United States, was hold in Copenhagen during the first (en days r>f
Juno, 1924, for tho purpose of discussing the situation creatod by tho
hew American Immigration act.
Farm Labor Migration—There Is
a considerable migration back and
forth across tho Moroccan-Algiers
frontier each yoar, and IV Is estimated that at    harvest   time    fully
TN dealing with the subjeet of morality one must, first of all, dismiss
quite clean from the mind all considerations of legality. Unfortunately, they are often very wide apait,
and will remain so till the era dawns
when mnu will put nothing on h.s
statute books but that which work**
out for tlie good of all,
All man's laws hitherto have been
! of as class nature, the great major-
I hy having been made for the benefit
. of our rulers, the few In the interests
of the workers.   When there are no
masters and servants, and al] being
equal,  our  laws' will  be formed  on
the tenets of a true morality in nc
cordance  with   the one great moral
law which has had no creation but
has existed,    with-   other    realities,
Our master's press treated ub recently to an account of an individual- who quite legally robbed a large
number of working men of- a million
dollars worth of their labor. Any
suggestion that this remarkable financial coup was not in accordance
with moral law was absent from the
accounts of It, but in its place was
that exultant and admiring style of
relation one notices In very small
children when relating something,
which In their eyes is very wonderful.
This Individual cornered a large
quantity of wheat which enabled
him to raise the price of it, to some
thing approaching a dollar a bushel
and, by this' noble and unselfish con
duct, slipped a million dollars into'
his  bulging  bank  account.
That means that 250,000 workmen
had to work for a whole day to produce the extra price of his ill-gotten
profits entailed on these workers in
supplying their families with bread.
Think of it, a legal robbery of 250,-
000 days of labor—ovor 800 years
(32 generations) of a single individual's labor—and we regard this
giant of finance with admiring and
envious  feelings  fllling  our  souls.
Last week. we read of three bold
bandits, who walked Into a local
bank and with force and violence
helped themselves to $20,000. This
latter robbery roused a lot of indignation and the press poured the vials
of wrath upon the perpetrators while
the million-dollar robbery was passed over—quite serenely.
Robbery and violence of all kinds
1 abhor, but, If called upon to pass
judgment upon these crooks, I would
say the bankrobbers were noble characters compared with the wholesale
robber of men's labor and babies'
sustenance. The bandits work ln
defiance of the law and take all
risks; the financier works ln legal
safety, and risks nothing but the
health of his own soul, which he
does not value. The dollars, he
clutches after, have wiped out all
traces of self-respect and all desire
of acquiring true knowledge and
wisdom. Yet he would condemn
the bankrobbers In the strongest language at his command and piously
pass judgment on their deeds, which
is characteristic of the moral mud
die into which you and I, and all of
us, have become entangled.
This bank robbery has turned
little flash-light upon our public
morality, revealing its one-sided and
bemuddled condition. Our city fathers in their righteous indignation
and virtuous excitement nugumented
the reward for the bandits' capture by
$1,000 of the public money. I quiet
agree with them. These violators
of our laws, these robbers with violence should be captured and severely
punished. Yet recently when a
working man was robbed of his payroll, there was no $1,000 of publfc
money offored for the capture of the
thief: but happily now a precedent
has been established, and each violent
robbery must bo followed by n similar
announcementi ot our city fathers
will prove that even they are tainted
with the one-sided and bemuddled
Recently I read that a sentence of
imprisonment had been pnssed on
three individuals convicted of selling beer, and they arc now serving
their sentences at Oakalla, Our
legislators sell beer and yet thoy
caused those other individuals to be
imprisoned for exactly the same not
which tbey themselves are doing
daily. Looking at this from a logical or moral standpoint alone it is
astounding and makes one doubtful if the human race will ever nt-
taln to a moral and logical maturity
To sell beer is either a right act or
a wrong one, and no amount of legislation can make it a right one for
one set of persons, and a wrong on
for another sot. If I do it, It is
right; If you do It, It Is wrong can bo
sustained by no tenet of morality,
howevor necessary it may be to on-
' 'force It under the tyrannical rule of
the Prince of Profits.
Some pious people were on their
way to church, to hear the love of
their Christ preached to them and
to murmur "How sweet!" "How
true!" "How wonderful!" with much
sanctimonious eye-rolling and complacent satisfaction that that love
was all for them. On their way
they spied a man at work In nis
garden turning over the brown earth
with his spade. They were more
than shocked, they were outraged
and so they persecuted the man in
the name—I suppose of their Christ,
They summoned him before a magistrate for breaking the law. The
law was an unrepealed atrocity of
one of the "saintly" Stuarts, but it
was unearthed and the man was
fined and a crime committed in the
name of Christ. They were jubilant, for had they not punished a
sinner for disobeying the commands
of Iheir God? Yea, verily! yet, perhnps, it would have been more logical, more Christian and more satisfactory In every way if they had left
the punish ment of that diabolical
sinner to the Deity Himself.
How    their    bosoms    must    have
(Continued on page 4)
Hundred Thousand Beturned Hen
Leave Canada—Unable to
Maintain Homes Here
Professions Mixture of Saints and
Sinners—Trickery and
30,000 Moors cross into Alglerla to do
agricultural work, and that, wben the
harvests have bcen gathered, thoy
roturn to their homos with their
Now Zealand
Coalmining Agreements.—Tt is understood that three-year agreements
as to wages aro being negotiated by
thc various coal-mining companies,
which will insure steady operation of
thc mines for that poriod, A uniform
wage scale is to bo established for tho
entiro dominion.
Only a Change in Social Order of
Things Can Alter Present
COMB of our fellow-laborites are
slamming the doctors because
they "charge exorbitent fees for
the slightest medical service" and
are general "hold-ups.". We agree
—to some extent* No doubt there are
many doctors who regard their profession In the light of dollars and
cents—chiefly dollars; and who nre
on the perpetual look out for social
position. And there are some who
can be characterized as quacks and
others who are careless and uninterested, and quite a few who are
not flt'to be doctors at all. In short,
the profession is a mixture of sinners
and saints—like every other walk
of life.
We wonder, though, why our
brethren picked on the doctors.
But we atl have our weaknesses.
We would point out, however, that
there are several other professions
that they might fall upon. Take
for instance, the clergy. It has
been said—but thfs also may be a
base scandal—that the clergy
are extortionate, too, In that
they charge quite substantlol sums
for the slightest religious service:
e.g., saying certain sentences at a
christenfng or a marriage or a funeral service. And the lawyers, c
cording to tradition, the honest la
yer is a myth, consplcious by hts absence. And even corporation lawyers
are not above suspicion.
But lawyers and doctors and
clergymen have this common with
their comrades and pen-pushers and
the Chinese gardeners and others.
They must get their hread and
butter somehow, somewhere. And
unfortunately there ts no special
clnuse in the capitalist code wherein provision is made for the honest
lawyer or the truthful clergyman or
the   inexpensive   doctor.
Thereforo, It would seem more
sensible to refrain from condemning
nny one body nf men more than the
others. For we nre all victims of
the system under which we live,
Once thnt Is scrapped there will be
no need for men and women to main"
tain themselves and (heir depend
entsenta by the dishonesty, trickery
and humbug known to tho world oi
commerce, superstition and the co-
called learned professions. They
will be able to earn an honest decent living and thoy will be able to
retain  their self-respect.
To return to the doctors; If the
modical profession were undor state
control as It ought to be, the "trado"
In humbuug and quackery would
cease.. Doctors would be ablo to
viow their profession as a public
service rathor than as a money-
making gamo. There would be more
timo spent on scientific research;
moro atontion would bo given to prevention of disease than Is the caso
today. As things nre at present,
only tho wealthier men and women,
who aro froo from monetary cares,
can give thoir attention to the nil
Important work  of discovery.
Only a change In tlio social system
can alter presont 'conditions. Tho
protests of a few people, even of n
whole icity, ennnot hope to bolter
the various professions. Wo aro too
Interdependent  for that,
Official Literature Misleading—
63,000,000 Acres Privately-
Owned Vacant Land
(Extract from Hansard]
MH. Woodsworth: Even ln connection with the work of our own    '
immigration  officials,   there aTe  being published—I will  not say false,
but I think I can truthfully say misleading statements.   We had  distributed to ub only a few weeks ago
a pamphlet entitled,    "Canada,    the
new homeland," which I understand
is being given to    the    visitors   nt
Wembley.     Thfs . pamphlet    statos   *
lhat Cannda is a land of homes. Go
to   Manitoba,   Saskatchewan  and  Alborta, out into the    rural    districts,
and ask how many of these homes •
are mortgaged.   We have been discussing that question  ifl  connection   .
with the committee on banking and
commerce,   nnd   wo   recently   placed
some new legislation    on    the statutes books in  order that we might
deal with bankruptcy in the prairie
provinces.    Go into our cities In the
country and  ask  how  many  homes
are  clear of debt.     This   pamphlet
describes jt as a land of homes, and
yet we find that a great many men
who came hero as" immigrants many
years ago    are    unable    to    obtain
homes of their own.   The pamphlet
asserts that Canada is a land where
all the people who    are    intelligent
and  Industrious may  reasonably expect  success.   Now,   in  the face of
conditions as revealed by the official
statistics of this government, I cannot  allow  such  a  statement  to go
unchallenged.   As    I  have   said,    a
hundred thousand of    the    returned
men, who thought    it    worth their
while to go an flght for their country, found that in a few years they
had to leave the country for which
they fought,  because they were not
able to maintain homes here. .
Mr. DUFF: Whose fault?
Mr. WOODSWORTH: I think very
largely the fault of the  policies of
this country.
Mr. UcClUSA: Freo traders are
to blame for that.
Mr.   DUFF:   Whose  policy?
Mr. WODSWORTH: Lock of   policy.
Mr. DUFF: Or lock of policy by
a lot of people who have more mouth
than work,
Mr. McCREA: A lot of people in
this country are better talkers than
workers. i
Mr. WOODSWORTH: I would submit that these hundred thousand
men we acclaimed as heroes cannot
be regarded as men who just talk
and do not work; yet they could
not flnd work. Here is another sentence in this pamphlet, which reads:
"Understand clearly that the reason
that land is so cheap in Canada is
that it is so plentiful." That may
be one reason, but it is only one reason, as any honorable member who
Is familiar with the situation knows
very well. The colonization branch
of (he immigration department
has advertized in its own
publications       thnt there        are
large numbers of abandoned homesteads nnd other farms lhat can be
obtained cheaply. The fact is that
the people who went out and built
their homes, and tried to make a
success have failed. The literature
of the department Itself, shows that
tho reason that there are cheap
lands In this country is not conclusively that thoy are so plentiful. This
pamphlet goes on to speak of the
forest growth, of the mineral wealth.
of the fisheries, and so on. Undoubtedly that Is all true, and I
will ndd one statement to those given In this pamphlet At a convention of laud surveyors held hero in
Ottawn at the Chateau Laurier on
February 6 and 6, 1924, Colonel Dennis, director or the natural resources
department or the Canadian raclfic
railway, stnted that there were sixty-
three million acres of privately-owned unoccupied lands within fifteen
miles of the railway in the West.
These lands nro unoccupied. It is
nlso important to note that thoy aro
privately owned. In this country a
few yoars ago we had the Idea lhat
We would like to have this country
a land of homes, and the govornmont
Initialed a policy by whioh it thought
to accomplish that purposo. and the
lands were divided Into homesteads,
bill what has happened? A vory largo
number of the homesteads are not
now in tho hands of those who orig-
fnnlly put them up, and other largo
areas of land have boon aliermtod
from tlio crown and nre now
hands of .private Individuals <
vote corporations.
i the
Wc cannot run this planet on
national competitive lines any moro.
We havo to run It as a co-operative
concern nr wo are doomed.—a. <!.
It hns surely become plain uow, if
it was not plain.boforo, that the struggle is not botwepn France and Germany, or Britain and France, but as
betweon tho forces nf reaction in all
countries as against tbo mere human
nnd humane Furope which Premier
Macdonald is struggling to establish.
—-Norman Angell.
Tho   Foderationist   Is  lighting  for
the rights of the masses.    Help it, PAGE TWCL
FRIDAY August 8, 1924
Published every Friday by
The   British  Columbia  Federatlonist
Business and Editorial Offao, 1129 Howe St.
The policy of Tho B. C. Fedorationist Is
controlled by the editorial hoard of tlie Federated Labor Party of British Columbia.
fuse to avail themselves of their opportunity, then that is quite a different matter, but as matters stand today
men and women have to go out in,
what too often proves to be, but a
vain attempt to obtain the necessary
opportunity.    They have to compete
that was what they were doing, although many of them are commencing
to realize differently now—we say, a
country that cannot afford to look
after such men and give them all the
necessities and comforts that could
have  otherwise   enjoyed,   cannot   af-
Bubscrlption Rate: United States and Foreign, 98.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions subscribing in a body, lOo per member per
FRIDAY August 8,  1924
THERE will bo noticed in oui columns a report of the refusal of tho
delegates called together for the 'purpose of forming a local council of lho
CUP. for Greator Vancouver, lo allow
Mr. Birt .Showier to bo seated as a
Although we are quite aware that
many may disagree with us, we are
firmly of tbe opinion that tho delegates chose tho only courso that waa
open to them, if they were sincerely-
anxious to have the C.L.P. become the
potent force ln the Interests of Labor
that it has . every possibility of becoming, provided it is carefully
watched and guarded and not allowed
to become a plaything for politicians.
What would, we ask, have been
Mr. Showler's position in the C.L.P.
had he been victorious as a candidate
for the Provincial party at the last
election? Would it be reasonable
that he should have been seated as a
delegato under such circumstances?
Is he allowing himself to become a
delegate simply because he was defeated or has he had a change of;
heart? Surely no "man should hope
to be able to sit upon the councils of
one party while at the same time he
ls a candidate for a party which Is,
as we have said before, absolutely opposed to the principles for which
Labor stands.
Certainly, if the times ever comes
When Mr. Showier sees tho error of
his ways, and sees lit, at the same
time to repudiate his connection with
other political parties, then wo would
be the first—or at least among the
first—to welcome him back into tbe
fold. So long, howevor, as he remains
associated with a party that he Is at
present with, then we can see no opportunity for his evor being a force w
influence that will serve in any way to
further the best interests of the cause
that we* all have, so at heart,
Tho labor movoment, if it is to
function as It ought, must be governed and controlled, wherever and
whenever possible, by those who have*
the interests of tho workers at heart,
and, who have as woll, a clear and Intelligent conception of how thoso Interests can best bo furthered or protected. If a workor feels that ho can
best servo his follows by belonging to:
and working in tho Interests of a part)
that is fundamentally opposed to *alt
that tho real labor movement stands
for. the world oveiy then his place in
with their fellows—who ofttimes are | ford to go to war under any cireum-
almost desperate when they think of
the serious responsibility that they
havo to bear, in providing their dependents witfh the necessities of life
—for the opportunity that should bo
available for every one of us, were
it not for this heathenish system of
"grab as grab can."
Let us hope that tho day is not far
distant when our consciences will becomo aroused against such a system,
that broods nothing but hatred and
revenge among thoso who perpetuate
it. if we aro to justify tho claims
that we make for ourselves, wben wo
try to think that wo are one of the
foremost, If not the foremost, civilized country in the world. Let us at
least try to bo honest with ourselves,
if not with others, and try and bring
about such changes in our social
structure whereby all who wish, can
at least enjoy tbe God-given right to
live, lf they are willing to fulfil their
natural and just responsibility to the
society of which they form a part.
More energy is needlessly wasted
In our present system of competition,
in vain endeavors on the part of vast
numbers of us, to gain a decent livelihood, than would suffice to provide
an equal number with all that goes
to make life worth while. Why are
we so stupid? When are we going to
learn that it is to the spirit of cooperation that we must look, if we
ever hope to make society what It
ought to be, rather than to a wasteful and destructive system such as
that which our present one of competition has  produced.
E HAVE BEEN advised tbat &Jr
Henry Thornton is visiting the
Peaco River district. We are told
that Sir Henry is wise and that the
Peace river is lucky. That Sir Henry
has a considerable amount of wisdom
wo do not doubt, but when they say
tbat tho Peace river Is lucky we doubt
it. We do not think thut it makes
one whit of, difference to the Peace
river whether It ever sees Sir Henry,
or any one else for that matter. It
wll) make a lot of difference to a lot
of speculators, however, who happen
to be holding some land up in that
district. When we see such a fuss
being made about developing that
country, we are naturally on the lookout for tho "nigger In the wood pile."
Wo all aro quite aware that tho
country that Is now fully developed
can produce all that we need—and,
judging from tlie prices that the
farmers have boon getting, ono would
be justified in thinking that no one
elso was In very great need. If we
are  to have those twenty or thirty
I millions of acres growing wheat, be-
cortnlnly not sitting on the councils of j sides  what  we   have  at  the  present
the labor political party. He must
choose one or the other. Further:
moro, if he is'ever to command the
respect and confidence of the musses,
he must, In the languago of the street,
"stay put."
Wc sincerely hope that this action,
takon by those delegates may serve
ns a lesson to others- who may feel a
little inclined to- "wobble." No
strong, virile movement ean ever be
built up If it Is, in any way, controlled
by such men.     '   "',""
1URING those times wo hear,
frequently, references mado
the question of economy. Why it
should be referred to just now, is not
very clear, for It Is doubtful tf tho
average man or woman can flnd anything to waste even tf he or she cared
to indulge ln such a pastime.
But that reminds us that there are
a lot of very wasteful practices going
on in our midst all the time, which
practices wo have takon, more or loss,
as a mattor of course. We think
that there Ik no escape. Some bolieve porhaps that It is providential.
Wo wilt let It go at that.
What we would refer to In this connection, is the frightful waste In
energy, money, the necessities of lifo,
etc., under tho prosont Individualistic,
competitive system. For example*,
two concerns on tho same stroot are
manufacturing tho samo Kind oi
goods for public uso. Thoy oach have
a staff in the office; thoy cacti paj
rent; thy eaeh have perhnps, a complete delivery outfit, nnd In porhaps
a myriad other ways we could show a
remarkable amount of unnecessary
duplication of expense that must, of
necessity, have to he paid for by tho
consumer somowhoro. Yet they continuo to say that competition is the
life of trnde. They do not say what
kind of trade. It Is, most assuredly,
the life of vory very many unfortunate . trades that leave nothing but
misery and degradation in their wake.
To compete for honor and tflory,
to see who can do the greatest good
for the fellowmen, would be a form
competition that would, wo fool, have
not quite bo many dtlatorious effects
upon those who choose to Indulge,
When It leads to mon and women
struggling for bread and butler It Is
a most Ignoble strife. There should
not have to be competition for the
necessities of life. The opportunity
should be* there for all, at all times,
to gain access to those,
time, where Is lt all going to go?
Thousands of people aro, or at least
have been leaving Canada yoar after
year, because they could not dispose
of what wheat they had grown. Now
tho solution, according to some of our
enlightened newspaper editors, Is to
grow moro wheat.   Such twaddle!
To think that by dovolopng our
Peace river country we might bring
back all our emigrants that have gone
elsewhere, sounds vory encouraging!
Wc are of tho opinioin, however, that
we had better arrange for the taking
cure of our citizens who are still hero
—perhaps in many instances becauso
they did not have the wherewithal! to
get out—would bo much more to thc
point. And wo might further point
out that It Is not due to the lack of
sufflclent wheat that men and women
are going about this country ln search
of work, and half starving. There is
all sorts of wheat—and othor necessities as well—but those who need it
most, unfortunately, have none and
can get none. When will wo learn to
bo reasonable,
We would have thought, during the
recent elections in this province, that
thero was money to burn, and yet
whon It comes to providing men who
have served their country as best
they knew how, with the obvious necessities, we have to go out and beg
for the wherewithall to do it, from
tbe ipassersby on our streets. Those
who are taking such an active interest
in our boys, as the lady taggers are
doing, would be well advised, we feel,
If thoy would endeavor to mnko our
governmont realize thoir full responsibility to these men, rather than re-
llevelng it or its responsibility in the
wasteful manner thnt they are doing
at tho present time,
Tho men themselves cannot help
but feel that the whole thing is an
insult to them and to their Intelligence, The only good featuvo we can
possibly see in it is that it may serve
to awaken the rising generation to the
futility of, and the destructivoness of
war, for which they receive nothing
whatever in return except doles or
charity. Need we answer this question, "has the last great war made
this a country fit for heroes to live
in?"   We think not.
do feel that a most searching enquiry
should be made.
The 'police in Point Grey district—
or rather the police commissioners, for
we understand the police gave every
assistance to the provincial force-
would be well advised to forget all
questions of pride or reflection upon
their ability, and to offer, most freely,
to assist anyone to get to the bottom
of this sad affair.
We feel, too, that those people In
wljose home the incident occurred,
cannot do enough to help straighten
out the whole affair, in a most open
and frank manner, if they would retain tho respect and confidence of the
publlo In general.
We will watch, very carefully, the
future course of this affair. Wo may
have more to say at a later date, for,
we are of the opinion that a very considerable more-^an yet be said. We
Will await developments, however.
Sidelights on a Great
THE Loeb-Leopold case is arousing
widespread interest. It is indeed
a thought-provoking subject. In the
flrst place it shows us what a difference there is between the crime of the
rich and the crime of the poor. It
all depends on how you look at an
affair. And lt depends on how much
money you have to bnck you.
It Is obvious that if every criminal
were subjected to the same treatment
as these unfortunate youths, we
should view crime in an entirely different light. Even tho daily press,
which usually is antagonistic to the
most fundamental psychological
truths, is changing somewhat. One
prominent writer even goes so far as
to admit that the mind is a product
of heredity and environment; in other
words, we are not as responsible as
we thought. Thut partial concession
is cheering, though Its effect Is counterbalanced by the statement that
though we should not blame those
who aro tho victims of circumstances
and become crimlals, we are "not prevented from killing them" (with re-
grots, no doubt). A funny brand of
If only there wero a little more
reasoning we would soo that our law
is a farce. Law is not a safeguard for
the people; it is only a protection for
privato property, The people are at
the mercy of food-speculators and
food adulterators and banks (worso
menaces than thieves and highwaymen. Many people who are in prison
should be scot-free whilo thousands
of good respectable people should be
lodged at his majesty's expense. That
is, as long as wo believo in a prison
system at all.
The employer of labor is never
punished when he robs his men every
woek. Ho calls it a reduction in wages.
That Is no crime, for indeed he Is
robbing them all the timo of their
rights. The big financier is never
punished when he manages to corner
food supplies; that is commerce. But
tho worker who dares steal a loaf of
bread is a thief; he has no learned
counsel to prove that he is a kleptomaniac. tSuch is the Jaw . . . under
V_/boen   fol
the Institutions that hnvo
foisted upon uu unthinking
public, it would appear to us that of
holding tag days Is about one of tho
worst. We realize thnt tho altruistic
spirit of those who do, what thoy consider, their "bit," is, perhaps, commendable. We do fell, howevor, that
were these same pooplo to direct
their efforts moro intelligently, that
a greater and more lasting gopd
would bo accomplished,
Wc will take, for example, tho last
tag day that wns held In this city tu
raise funds for the club house of the
amputation associations of tho Great
War. Now, if over there were men
who should havo tho best that this
Canada of ours has to offer—and
could offer, If she wished—tho men
are those who have come back from
the war with parts of their bodies
mutilated or missing, and yet, what
do we And? We flnd womon having
to go out on the streets of our cities
and beg from the passersby, In the
hope that they might obtain for these
men a fow necessities and comforts
that they would otherwiso ho doprlved
of. Was thore over a greator Ihdlct-
ment brought ngainst uny country,
than to have to tolornto such a stnte
of affairs. A country that cannot look
aftor tho mon who Horvod it—or who
thought thoy woro serving It, for thoy
TT will be with a feeling of pride that
the ardent followers of labor—and
tho principles for which sho stands—
will view the prospects of a settlement
of the European muddle.
Whether tho ultimate result will be
a failure or a success, we cannot as
yot forcast,: but wo feol certain that
tho' opon and frank diplomatic policy
adopted by the two socialist premiers
cannot holp but lend humanity many,
many moro steps, towards peace and
goodwill, than sho has evor been boforo.
The power of monoy Is ns yet, only
too evident. It ls the force that ls
retarding the progress of humanity
upward, and Is hampering at evory
turn tho human and humane efforts
of thoso two most outstanding statesmen the world has ever known—Premiers M. Herrlot and MacDonald.
With right and justico on their side,
wo feel that ultimately, thts cause,
which is ours, will win the approval
of tho world.
Hardships   Men Must Face   in
Collieries—Lost in a
rVO the average man and woman
who has nothing whatever to do
with mining, there is given little,opportunity to gain first hand knowledge of the hardships, discomforts
and dangers that men have to face
who work in collieries.
A short time ago, a miner, John
Spurway was lost on the Britalnnla
Colliery, Pengam, South Wales.
According to the Empire News,
this case is not an Isolated one. In
this case a search party of men was
formed after closing down the active operations of the mine and every
foot of the old, unused workings
were explored,  but of no avail.
The following is some interesting
[and enlightening information from
the Empire News which we feel
should be Passed on to our readers
so that they might realize, to tho
fullest extent, tho many hardship!
that the men who are doing this
work have to face, while we i
carrying on in comparative comfort
and security.
"It is one of tho easiest things In
the world for a collier to lose his
way in tho mine, and many ca
are on record whore minors of
twenty and thirty years experience
of mine work have got hopelessly
lost in mysterious byways and workings.
Sometimes men who get special
Permission to leave the pit an hour
or two earlier than the others get
They proceed out of their working places towards the pit bottom,
which may bo two or three miles
distant. When travelling along
some road they may stumble and
accidentally put their lamp ou;. Tho
miner may try to find his way along
to the main haulage road by feeling
and  following the rail  track.
He may proceed a few hundred
yards and come to a turn. Being
In total darkness he cannot* tell
whother he Is keeping .straight
ahead or rounding a turn leading
to nn old air road.
If ho takes the wrong turn it may
bo days before his comrades Hnd him
for exporienco has shown that wben
mon once try to find their way out of
a mine wh^n they are in the dark
thoy keep on crawling along hoping
that every minute they will see In
the distance the lights on a flat or
along the road leading to the pit
It is n difficult matter for a man
In the dark to keep straight. One
has only to put his lamp out, sit
down  for  five  minutes,    and    then
Province's Lumber Trade Within
Empire Is Trebled in
Eight Years
TpHE resources of the British Em-
-1 piro are tho subject of world discussion at present.
No exhibit -at the great Pair at
Wombley is arousing more telling interest than British Columbia's forest
Industries' display. It has been described by tho British press as the
Finest advertisement Canada has
ever had,"
Canada has rightly been called
'The Softwood Storehouse of the Empire." British Columbia may as correctly be described aa its first, last
and only stand of big constructional
The British Empire controls 1,565,-
000,000 acres of timberlands, or one-
fifth of the world's growth, but of this
about one billion acres are hardwood,
which is less in demand than softwood in the proportion of two to five.
Canada     contains     approximately
i% of the softwood resources of the
Empire. Approximately half of this
huge stand is in British Columbia, but
when it comes to the highest grades
of clears and the largest dimension
timber the great ■ British Empire is
completely dependent on the province
of British Columbia,
In 1923 British Columbia exported
124,000,000 feet to other portions of
the Empire, as against 33,000,000 feet
in 1916, an increase of over 375 per
cent, in eight years,
There is no portion of the British
Empire with tho exception of Canada
that can supply its own softwood
needs. Inter-trade with the sister
Dominions will Increaso with the
market extension work new being carried on by our manufacturers,
It must be remembered that trade
begets trade. Every shipment abroad
of British Columbia wood products
furnishes an opportunity for expan
sion of our commorco in othor dlroc
This series   of  articles  communicated   by   tho  Timber   Industries
Couneil of British Columbia.
try to recollect exactly whore he is.
Ho lias only to stand up ond make
a half turn and he is lost before he
starts .walking  about.
An uncanny feeling comes ovor
him instantly, and by far the safest
plan when any mnn gets up in the
dark is for that man to sit down
under a bar and wait until someone
comes down with a lamp,
To walk about, to walk but a few
feet, ls only Inviting trouble, and it
is nothing but fear that compels
mon whose lamps havo jolted out to
attempt to find thoir way out of
the  mine.
There are sad casos of young lads
losing their way in tho pit. Thousands of tho young lads employed in
tho pits to-day cannot find their way
out of certain workings. Thousands
do not know their way about the
pits they work in other than the
straight road to their particular
If they were sent by the deputy
from one district to another they
would get lost lf the deputy did not
detail another man who did know
the road to escort him.
It Is a terrible experience for any-
If some ro-
Have You a Friend?
To whom you would like us to send a sample copy of
the British Columbia Federationist
We want NEW READERS—Help us to get them
I have a friend whom I think eould be induced to subscribe
to tlio British Columbia Federationist. Please send him a
sample copy1 to-the address below:
E feol   compelled to   take   more
than passing interest   in,    what
wns reported to have boon, the "accidental death" of the   young   Scottish, nurse-maid, a short time ago.
Certainly lt would seem to us that
undue hasto was too much in evidence
In dealing with this unfortunato In
cident. Tho daily press—with tho exception of tho Vancouver Star—were
inclined to pass It by, almost i
Tho   conditions   surrounding    the
whole affair would appear lo tho aver-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^        age porson, as being against all the
had been told frequently enough that rules of decency and safety, and we
Give Bread First
Place in Your
Diet &   jst
E.VERY task you undertake—mental or manual—
every "lick of work" you do "eats up" energy.
Keep your furnace fires fcoin& with plenty of good
THAT hurried mid-day meol—mako it a luncheon of delicious
golden-crusted Bread with a bowl of creamy rich milk—perfect
fuel-food for the human dynamo.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Ai August
Clearance Prices
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 8540
one to lose their way in a mine, and
it has sent' more than one young man
grey headed.
You sit down on the ground hoping you will be safe from passing
trains, and ln the dead silence and
pitch darkness you imagine you can
hear all sorts of things, from the
squealing of rats and other vermin
to the crashing of the rocks above
you, You imagine you can hear the
uncanny clicking of the pit props,
which is the warning that soon the
roof will come crashing down, and
you imagine you can see lights in
the distance and honr the faint sound
of voices.
Fifty per cent, of the men and
youths who get lost In mines go
stark, raving mad before thoy have I
been lost many hours. The hours
soom clays, and days seem months,
and the men who have lost tbelr
way only find ease of mind when
thoir hunger, thirst, and fear drives
them into n stnte of delirious exhaustion   nnd   Qnconsciousnoss.
Rut there would not be nearly so
many cases of men and lnds losing
Iheir way in the pits if tho managements would arrange for tbo whole
of the men engaged in the mines to
receivo expert tuition in tho reading
of the plans of the mine.
■Twas Ever Thus
He (before leaving for college: I
could hold your hand for ever. I'd
like to put it ln my pocket and take
it back witjh me.
She (sweetly)—Don't worry, dear,
It'll be ln your pocket enough after
we're married,   r
Phons Seymour 2351
The  Federatlonist
"cultural  revolution,"
believes    In a
not a "bloody
Be sure to notify the post ofllce
soon as you change your address.
'Famous' 10-Day Sale of
Entire Summer Stock
NOWS your ohancot Evory slimmer garmont In the storo nt clearance prices—beautiful rntlno nnd voile
.dresses, Bports wear, summer emits,
suits, skirts—extraordinary savings on
Famous Sn^xtd.
619-623 Baitings Street Weat
Anti-War Day, 1924
TTA VIC you over had a real drink
■'■■'■of Pure Apple Cider during the
lust few yenrs?
To meet tho desires of mtny clients,
we h&vo introduced recontly a pure clear
sparkling apple elder In pint bottlos,
either pure sweet or governmont regulation 2% hard apple cidor. These drinks
nro absolutely puro and freo from all
canhonlc acid gas or preservatives of
nny naturo. Writo or phono your order
today, Highland SO. **
Older Manufacturers
1666 Commercial Drive, Vaneonver, B. 0.
SAVING daylight ia n big topic at this
timo of tho year. Evoryono endonvors
to mnko the most of tho daylight hour?.
In those modern times, lifo each day is
fuller, and cncli hour must inenn fnr
more than It did yesterday.
Thero is no better aid tn daylight sav<
ing than tho telephone Nothing can holp
you moro to mako each successive hour of
greater value.
Whether you tolephono one mile or ono
hundred miles It is nil the samo to the
telephone Tho telephono savoB you hours.
It lengthens your day, giving you time
for mauy things.
1160 Georgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7l80 p.m.
Sunday school Immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p.m. Free reading room.
601-908 Birks Bldg. _C>
The Oliver Rooms'
Everything Modern
Ratea Reasonable
■THE UNION BANff OF CANADA, with its chain
.**■ of branches ncrosB Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of thc banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
Established 59 Years
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last sixteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phonei:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C. HODAY ..AUfTUrt 8. I"*
' Bnv in the Low Rent District
Men's Dress Boots, In tan, calf
or glace kid (made In England).   Special  ■»«.■-■»
Greb Work Boots. Special at
Boys' Khaki Duck Long Pants.
On sale  -H1.05 and 91.8B
Caribou Brand Cottonado Pants,
Hercules   Stockings   for   Boys.
Saturday   5UC
Boys' Khaki Short Pants—
Saturday   7U0
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hots, Boots and Shoes
Between 7tU «d 8» avenuei
Phone, Fairmont U
Grent  Opening  Orpheum  Bill
Orpheum vaudeville re-openelng
for. thc 1924-25 season, as eagerly
awaited each- year as the coming of
spring, Is scheduled for next Thursday, August H; at the 2.20 matinee.
The popular Granville atreet playhouse which haa been delivered
| freshly decorated, re-cavpeied, clean
[ and sweet, by an army ot workmen,
! will this season play vaudeville for
Thursday, (Friday and Saturday of
each week. There will he two shows
dally, six In all, and each Monday,
Tuesday ami Wednesday will be given over to travelling road attractions.
Many of the best road shows on the
American continent, and some English productions also, WlU be seen
during the present season- • The
opening bill of the season starting
next Thursday 'afternoon haw Julius
Tnnm.u. vaudeville's "chatter-box,"
as a headliner. Other great attraction!. Include Theodore Weatman, jr.,
In"* Bert llobinson's new playlot "So
This is Divorce"; Margie Coate,
glittering queen of syncopation and
star in musical comedy successes;
Lloyd Ibaeh's entertainers including
a jaw, band, dancers and soloists;
Casino Brothers ' and Stoneburn,
Spanish dancers; VandeUe and Mary,
pcdelogists, who display remarkable
foot feats; Keller Sisters and Lynch,
a clever trio displaying the "Spirit
of Youth;" attractive- pictures and
the Orpheum Concert Orchestra.
. Five of tho sis states of Australia
have returned labor majorities to
their legislatures within the last
year. The latest of tho states to
elect a new parliament In which labor1 Is the strongest party is Victoria,
hitherto regarded us the most conservative state In tho Common
wenlth.. The other four states in
P Which labor rules arc Queensland—
continuously under a labor government for a dozen years—Tasmania,
South Australia, and Western Australia.
The Federatlonist is out to help
the workers. There is no nobler
■work, Join us Jn the flght. Get
your friends to subscribe.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hutlngi St. W. VAK0OT1VBB. B. 0.
Telephone!: 9wmam 8888ml MW_
Vancouver Unions
Meeti eecond Monday In the month.   Preeldent, J. R. White; eeorettry. R. H. Neel-
aaaa. P. O. Bw 88.	
819 Pender St. Wnit—Business meetings
•very Wednesday evening. A. Meolnnfe,
chairmen; B. H. Morriion, eec-treee.; Geo.
D. Harrison, 1183 Parker Street, VancouTer,
B, C, corresponding eecretary.
Any dUtrlct in Brltlih Columbia deilrlng
information re securing speakers or tbe formation of loul branohei, kindly communicate
with provlnolal Secretary J. Lyle Telford,
624 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. 0. •XaXe*
phone Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4938.
■eeond Thunday every month In Holdon
Building, Preildent, J. Brlghtwell; financial
secrotary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth Avenne
Eait. ________
civic bmpEotbbb "WWJ^yTteit
ind third Friday, ta nok g°»«J* «Jt^,°
Harriion, 1182 Parker Street.
of Steam and Operating, Local 882—
Meete overy Wednesday at 8 p.m., Room
806 Holden Bldg. President, Charles Prico;
business agent and finanoial secretary, F. L.
Hunt;   recording secretary, J. T. Venn,
UNION, Local 146, A, F. of M.—Meets in
G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunainuir Stroet,
second Sunday at 10 n.m. Presidont, Harry
Pearson, 991 Nelson Streot; secretary, E. A.
Jamleson, 991 Nelson Streot; financial secretary, W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson Street;
organiser, F. Fletchor, 991 NelBon Street,
0.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and Srd
Friday of eaoh month at headquarters, 818
Cordova Street West. President, D. Gillespie; vice-president, John Johnson; secretary
treasurer, Wm. Donaldson, addreu 818 Oordova Street Weet. Braneh agent's addreu:
George Faulkner, 678 Johnson Street, Viotorla, B, 0.
THE VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDERATION—Meots at 1)91 Nelson Street, at 11
a.m. on the Tuesday preceding the let Sunday of the month. President, E. A. Jamie*
ion, 091 Nelioi St.; Secretary, 0. H. Wit-
Mams, 991 Nelion St: Busineu Agent,   F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.	
dent, R. P. Pettlplece: vice-president. J.
M. Bryan; socrotary-treasurer, R. H, Neelands, P, 0, Box 66, Meets last Sunday of
eaoh month at 2 p.m. tn Holden Building, 18
Hastings Street East.
UNION, No. 418—Prosldent, S..D. Mao-
donald, eeeretary-treasurer, J. H. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. Meets last Thuraday of eaeh
Has Man Free-will or Not?—-Is
He Controlled by Heredity
and Environment?
Theory Has Far-reaching Effects
on Modern Life—Exalt
"Goodness" Itself
[By Advance]
QNE of the most cherished beliefs
of mankind Is the theory of freewill; that is to say, that man is perfectly free to think and act aB he likes,
that he has perfect liberty to choose
good or evil.
The Christian religion gives scope
for varying beliefs. While 'the majority of Christians seem to believe In
free-will, there can be no doubt that
Saint Paul's teachings gave rise to
such Calvinlsttc ideas as predestination, i.e., that whether a man shall be
"lost" or "saved" ls fore-ordained. It
will be readily seen what effects teaching like this will have both on the
"elect" and on the "under-dog." However, this theory is not as general as
once It was' in Christian ■ countries.
The general belief is in froe-will.
This theory, too, has far-reaching
effects on our modem life. It is responsible for our condemnation of
those who offend against our laws and
conventions; together with our jealousy for the sacred rights of property,
it gives us the prison system, capital
punishment and that favorite argument and weapon of the revivalist,
hell-fire hereafter.
But Is not this doctrine of free-will
merely an attempt to prove that "all
Is right with the world" after all?
Ib It not an attompt to iprove tho justice of the system under which wo
live? Does It not endeavor to trace
all the cruelty and vice and misery
and poverty which exist to the individual? But surely this is unreasonable. The Individual is not responsible for his lot In life. "We are all willing to own that tho physical aspects
of life are absolutely under the control of .natural \a_\va, (I apologize to
those who think that prayer can make
theso laws of non-effect in regard to
sickness and tho weather). "Why then
do we deny that natural laws govern
tho mental aspects of life? It Is not
too much to say that physiology shows
vory clearly that the will of man and
animals is never really free, but Is determined by the organisation of tho
brain. So that according to this, mon
do not start out with the aame chances
for tho quality of the brain organization is determined by the laws governing heredity.
And the inherited characteristics
are modified by environment. Environment inoludes every circumstance and detail of life, and no
man can order the circumstances
Into which he shall be born,
under which he Is reared and educated, and In which he finds himself
through economic conditions, Just as
a plant grows, according to the
amount of air and sunshine it receives
and according to the soil in which
It is planted, so man reacts on his
Apart from the inherited Instincts
and tendencies ls the acquired character, it is the function of education,
religion and those responsible for social conditions to modify inherent
characteristics, and so arrange environment that the acquired character
shall be of the best so that every opportunity shall be given for full and
free development. No doubt aB more
attention Is given to psychology as an
applied science and as one of the most
important of the sciences the futility
of punishment and the need for treatment and prevention will be recognized. "We shall endeavor to lay the
foundations of (and give freedom for)
good character building and seek the
cause of apparent nnd real failures:
rather than punish tho results of our
At present teachers, parents and
moralists endeavor to mould tho charactor of tho child according to their
own standards. Surely there is nothing more harmful. All we can presume to do Is to give freedom, help
and  encouragement.
To return to the question of freewill. Suppose wo acknowledge that
there is no such thing as free-will.
What ls the main objection? It seems
to be this: that if we believe that we
are merely helpless organisms in the
hands of heredity and environment,
the moral trend of mankind will bo
downwards, because he will say, "Why
should I make any personal effort if
I am Indeed the victim of laws over
which I have no control?" The argument Is a good one, superficially.
That is the attitude that many people
would take. But we have some con*
trol over those laws. In the 'physical world, we can so arrange environment as to stamp out disease, breed
out weakness and produce super-specimens. We have the knowledge to do
these things. But lt Is not In the interest of the present social system to
work thus. Vast sums are noedod
for warfare and armaments in time of
peace, for tho upkeep of extravagent
parasites, for protectinog private property, for superstition, Once wo havo
the interests of the human, race at
hoart; once those in high 'places strive
for the good of the people rathor than
tho profits of the few who rule them,
.■■»' »■•$
When Will Capitalism End ?
m ■ " ""■*"'
[By T. A. Barnard, ^Nanalmo] '
^THERE were many persons who
thought capitalism was about
to collapso almost immediately after
the armistice had been signed. But
the system has demonstraed far
greater elasticity and . adaptability
than was at that time thought possible. There is, however, one phase
that inUBt not be lost sight of: the
unfortunate fact, that the working
class have not taken the positive
forward movement that was anticipated at that time, consequently the
workers are in a worse condition than
thoy were in 1914; and In this inaction B. C. is not the least offender.
The writer ls still unable to locate
any homogeneous, concerted, forward, movement anticipating, as a
primary step, taking over the government of B.' C. True, the Canadian Labor party, during the late elections, made a temporary rally; but so
far as any outward and visible signs
are indicative, appears to have since
taken similar action to a house-fly in
Alaska in mtd-wtnter.
There appears to be sufficient evidence available to Bhow that what
is known as the "stomach route" to
action does not materialize, or In
other words, starvation does not
necessarily produce intelligent action!
We might probably learn some things
from the labor party ln the old country, particularly the I. L. P. section
of that party, which in reality supplies the driving initiative. Their
campaign is perpetual,  and extends
'to all branches of public elections,
such as school boards, partBh, district, city and county councils as well
as parliamentary. It has taken them
many years of steady plodding, with
tho ups and downs Incidental thereto, but never a let up, to get to the
position they now occupy, with their
propaganda campaign more Intense
than ever. But for us in British Columbia, experiences of the past do
not appear to act as a guide for
the future; for instance, when there
appeared to be a spirit abroad desiring a more cohesive movement, New
Westminster tells the world and his
wife their contribution to thia movement is forming one more faction,
labelled " the labor party;" again in
Vancouver an attempt is being made
to run two labor papers, to the detriment of both, and just recently the
Trades and Labor council (Vancouver) Is reported as sending as one
of its delegates to a convention of
the C. L. P., an active member of the
provincial party. (Oh consistency,
thou art a jewel).
With this condition, the end of
capitalism, so far as the workers in
B. C, supplanting it with co-operation, appear a long way off. What
then is the remedy? As a primary
and very essential need, the writer
would suggest a change of heart by
most of the active spirits. Hitherto the labor movement has been
very largely a soulless movement,
and until this mentality Is changed
the future looks about as bright as
the past.
Deny  Themselves   Luxuries (?)
Not Compatible with Development of Great Country
Should Tell Truth About Agriculture—Immigration Under
False Pretenses
[Extract from .Hansard]
TV/TIE. VIEN: The county of Lothin-
iero ls settled only by farmers,
and I would like my hon. friend
(Miss MacPhail) to visit my riding
so as lo correct her impression.
She would see thore about 150 sturdy
sons of the old stock who have taken
Ufnds newly opened to colonization
out of the old seigniories. They
lived, it is truo, In log cabins, tilling
tho soil, developing homesteads for
themselves and their children. I do
not believo there is any happier
group in this country than these
sons of farmers who are continuing
the developments carried out by
their forbears ln that section of the
country. TheBe people do not regret that they belong to tho farming class. Of course they do not
rldo in Rolls-Royce cars or ln automobiles of any kind, even Fords;
they have one horse or a pair of oxen; they live modestly and they practice thrift. They have the qualities
of their forebears; they know how
to express their wants and they are
satisfied with very little, indeed
sometimes1 with almost; nothing at
all. I have already invited some of
my former frlendB to visit this part
of the country, particularly those
who complain of the condition of
the farming classes. Some of them
have said: "It Is not reasonable that
civilized men should have to make
such sacrifices." But those who
have built up our national wealth
in this way have not looked at the
matter from that selfish point of
view. They have denied themselves
th.ose luxuries which are not compatible with the development of a
groat  country.
Miss MacPHAIL: Does the hon.
momber live as his constituents do
In order that ho may accurately interpret their thought?
Mr. VIEN: My hon. friend forgets
that In  most cases—
Some hon. MEMBERS: Oh. Oh.
Mr. VIEN: My lion, friends laugh,
but wait a minute; ho laughs best
who laughs last. When the people
of my county went to till tho soil,
they knew that It requires a man
who can keep the handles of the
plow.   When medical    services    are
then we can hope for public health
and happiness.
Similarly in the psychic world—
for mind and body are one, Environment can be arranged so as to produce the desirable mental attitude,
Improve the standard of Intellect and
eliminate   anti-social   tendencies.
At present society In general, and
religious bodies in particular, demand
that the Individual, In addition to hla
wage-slavery or his capitalist activities, flght against these tendencies and
instlnctB and characteristics, for which
not he, but society, Is responsible. And
if he fall he Is condemned by Christ-
Ian moralists and others; "respectable" society knows him no moro. Un-
' consciously that same "rospoctablo"
society ls condemning Itsolf, condemning Us own sins and shortcomings, just
as whon It praises a diety, whatever
his namo, It is In reality praising
the good ln  itself.
needed they go to a medical man bo-
cause he Ib versed In the art of curing tho Blck. When they want n
representative in parliament they
must find somebody who understands thoir problems and who. can
defend their interests in ,th.is house.
If I am not living the kind of life
that they live, it is becauso they
have resource to my services to
come here and defend their interests,
and that Is what I am doing to the
best of my ability.
Mr GARLAND: Lot me again
quote what tho ministor of the interior has to say on page 3847 of
Hansard: "We could put fifteen
hundred men on, the work in Toronto if we had the men to train them.
... It is not lack of men. Lord
knows, thore aro more men unemployed in Toronto than we can em
ploy, but tho difficulty is in training them." Now why will hon.
gentlemen fatuously tallc about the
magnificent conditions for artisans
and laborers in Canada when a min
ister of the crown himself makes
that statement in lhe house of commons? It is perfectly absurd. Why
do hon. members go overseas nnd in
speeches at public meetings tell their
audiences to como to Canada, that
thero is no unemployment here?
Tell the truth; that is the best thing
to do. We have nothing to be
ashamed of in Canada. We can tell
them honestly of our elastic conditions and not give them half truths
sueh as are found in the wretched
immigration publication I have in
my hands. Tell them the truth, we
do not fear it; wo enjoy it. Tell
the'm the conditions of labor and agriculture and tell them they are welcome to come here lf they want to,
but do not pay mon to g(o out and
get them under false pretences. Do
not go in for a wretched slavery
system something like that which
obtained when Kaffirs were brought1
down to the mines in Transvaal at a
pound a head. That traffic ' was
mighty lucrative for some people in
the old days, and it is a traffic that
apparantly Is still a lucrative one
so far as Canada Is concerned. Who
are the greatest advocates of this
Immigration systom? The transportation companies, the great railway
companies, anyone who can exploit
the unfortunate immigrant after he
gets hore. Tho duty of this government is lo turn its attention to remedying conditions In Canada and to
spend its money in this country, not
In Europe, the Unltod States or anywhere else. Spend this money in
"ComntniulJiieiits"  siill  at  Orplteuni
Thousands of Vancouvet-ites thin
week visited the -Orpheum theatre
and literally gasped with amazement as Cecil II. DeMllle's groat
"Ton Commandments" production
was shown twice daily. So great
has been tho public interest manifested that the management has
decided to hold over this wonderful
production, to show It twice dally
next Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. "The T^n Commandments" Is
Indeed a gigantic and triumphant
masterpiece. Nothing approaching It
in magnitude or tremendous public
appeal has over been screened before. The first part Is a superb
spectacle showing Egypt at the apex
of Ub ancient grandeur, the oxodus
of the Children of Isrnel frota bondage, their safe passage through the
Red Sea and their arrival at their
promised land. The second part develops the same themes applied to
modern life. The story moves human hearts to their depths. It will
be shown Monday, Tuesday and
Wednesday, at 2,16 and 8.15 promptly and patrons are urged lo lie seated  to enjoy lho great overture.
Our advertisers mako lt possible for
ua to spread tho gospol of Labor.
Show your appreciation by patronizing them on evory possible occasion.
The Bible pnd the Question of
' Sex—Wherein We Pick
a Quarrel
["Just Thinking"]
"I care not whether you call such
Instruction (i.e., bible reading, sex
hygiene, moral training or bible
reading), tho results will be tho
same!" So writes a lady in a cer<
tain ladles' paper in British Columbia. We hope she did not really
mean.that." We would liko to think
it a case of "printer's pie" as John
Bull would say. However, we are
loking forward to a continuance of|
the subject in later Issues. But to
return to the above statoment; we
utterly fail to see how bible reading,
moral training and sex hygiene are
the same or can have the same results.
The lady approves of dally bible
reading in the schools, but she Is opposed to sectarian teaching. We fall
to see how it can be otherwise. But
the lady solves the problem; She
would have no comment whatever
on what the children read. . Then
we contend, the time taken over
Buch reading will be wasted, to say
the least of it. It Is impossible for
a twentieth century child to appreciate and understand the moralizings
of the grown-up writers of long ago.
If they are to have the bible it must
be intelligible to them.
Moral training can be given in
countless other ways. By unconscious example, for instance. But
even here there is a limit. Parents
who say grace and attend church
and show only one side of their chaif
actors to children, for the sake of
example, are recognized as hypocrites by the youthful critics of human nature, But children are quick
to appreciate sincerity, quick to ad"
mire the traits of thoso thoy love
and respect, and quick to copy them.'
Literature also provides valuable;
moral training, provided It is not,
conscious moral training. Children
soon learn to despise the "good"
little children of their Sunday school
books. But thoy almost worship the
perfectly human characters that they1
encounter in "real" literature; in the'
stories of Kingsley, Reado, Dickens
and—even in tho "blood and thunder" yorns so dear to the heart of
every school boy at one stago of his
development. It Is no exaggeration
to say anything which tendB to cultivate love of the beautiful ls part
of the necessary moral training. And
lastly, freodom for self-development
and self-government aro iiulispensi-
blo  factors.
But wo would like to ask the lady
writer what relation thero is between tho bible and indeed most
literature that tho child reads and
sex hygiene. Tho bible is a book
of myths with a background of history and with certain definite moral1
and religious teaching.   How can it1
Furniture and
-with every piece of furniture in the store selling
at a 10 to 35 per cent, saving.
Whether you need a single piece, suite, or furniture for home complete,
I Hudson* Baa (fomuatts. i.
*****' iNconnontTto     it/0
be said to deal with so technical a
subject as sex and sex hygiene?
Fairy tales, adventure, poetry, whilo
they have no doubt a certain superficial treatment of sox, the romance
of sox, do. not do more than raise
problems. Thoy may set ideals.
But something moro than ideals is
needed. Knowledgo is absolutely
And our last and greatest objection to tho lady's Inferenco that biblo
reading provides definite instruction
iu sex hygiene is that the bible treats
sex as a sin and like mnny of our
churches to-day, it permits marriage
but does not advise it. Anyone who
regards sex as sin and any books
which hold up  thit. theory are un
fitted to take part ^n the instruction
of the young. Por above all things
thoy must learn that what is natural
ia right. We wonder if it haB ever
entered tho heads of our clergy that
tbri bible is committing sacrilege in
thus treating sex. For sex ls Burely
as much a creutlon of the God they
worship as anything else Is. . . . And
thc biblo and the church criticize
We hope to give our renders some
ideas of what Is being done Jn soma
of tho up-to-date schools in regnrd
to sox hygiene in later Issues. Meanwhile we shnll watch with Interest
further articles on the samo subject
by the lady whom we are venturing
to contradict.
Official Organ of the
Published in the Interests of All Workers
-THE party is desirous of making what contribution it can to the better-
•*• ment of society, It realizes that the most effective method to accomplish this end is by educating the masses through the medium of its press,
and likewise the best literature procurable regarding the Labor movement. There is no other means available to the workers to voice their
opinions. Work with us to make The Federationist a mighty power for
good in Vancouver and throughout British Columbia. Principles, not
personalities, are alone desirable.
Contributions for The Federationist are always welcome. Be brief
and write on one side of the copy paper. Matter for publication should
reach this offlce by Tuesday. Advertisements received up to Wednesday
You must have The Federationist in thc home each week to keep in touch
with the City, Provincial and Federal and International Labor Movement.
Subscription Rate: United States and foreign, $3.00 per year; Canada,
$2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months.
Estimates will be furnished on all kinds of work,
gladly offer his services to thoae desiring them.
Our solicitor will
sixteenth yeab. w.. __ BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvm.
Vancouver b.c. Fair
August 9th to 16th
Send for large Prize List
Lot'33xl20 feet, on 13th Avenue West, Kitsilano.
Priee $500
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
Muddled Morality-
How Labor Is Robbed
(Continued from page l)
warmly glowed and how sweet vi:
Ions of orange groves and perfumed
flowers must have floated before
them as they pictured their Dlety
picking them out for flrst favors on
the day of judgment!
Yet, mark, those same, sweet souls
on that same, bright, Sabbath day,
purchased tickets from a big company and rode on a public car to
their place of worship, which, . of
course, was right and propor as big
companies ply iheir business
Sundays and work their employees
on the Sabbath.
The working man was   fined    for
digging his garden  on the Sabbath
Why Pay 8% Interest
On Your Piano
Lewis' Sales Policy Is
Wo Sell 09 Easy (Terms
Have yoa estimated what this Item
alone saves you on tho full purchase
price of a piano, player-piano or
phonograph, when bought on terms f
Moaart, Lewis Md Beethoven Pianos
PUyer-Ptonoa aad toads
Dominion   Organs   ud  Phoiol*
Lewis Leads!   Follow Wbo Cant
TOLLOWING lost copies of
1' The B. C. Federatlonist are
missing from the flies:
March 30, 1023.
October 12 to December 28,
1023, Inclusive.
We will be very much obliged
to subscribers having any of
these papers at their disposal lf
they would kindly send same to
this ofllce.
and tho big company was not even
mildly admonished, which shows,
either, that their Dlety grants concessions to the big, rich companies—
like man himself does—or that our
sense of justice and our common
sense has become bemuddled ln the
great, unholy, insane muddle of civilized  society  to-day.
The reader will be able to trace
for himsolf in our public administration and privato concerns many
other examples of this curious ethical morass into which we have all
foundered, and, ae there is a cause
for all things, will be able by a little
thought to trace the cause of this
deplorable state of things to the
world's social system. Founded, as
It is, on selfishness, it has tainted
and corrupted^ every institution established on the face of the earth.
The only incentive tho world knows
Is that of gain. From the cradle to
the grave; from the school desk to
the church pew, the human race is
urged on Its course by the vision of
rewards and between the little
child being good and industrious for
the sake of the dangling toy, and the
old lady piously bending in her pew
in hopes of the promised halo, there
Is little difference, though perhaps
a deeper sense 'of pity is fostered by
the blindness of the adult child.
If our race ever grows to maturity
and founds a system whose Incentive is service instead of self, lt will
then enter into a true state of peace
and Its development will accelerate
at a pace hitherto undreamed of,
and the visions of our best poets,
the hopes of our wisest philosophers
and the prophesies of our truest religions will ,be realized—but not till
then: but how shall we lead our bemuddled race from the morass and
who will do it?
Poor Pa!
"Father," said a youngster one
evening, "teacher Is very interested
In you."
"How do you know?" asked fathe.r
"Because when I got all my sums
wrong to-day she said 'I wonder
what sort of a tether you've got.*"
Her Choice
"Now, dear," said the fond mother,
"which kind of a dolly would you
like, a boy or a girl?"
And Holly, her eyes all aglow, replied: "I fink I should like twins—
one of each kind, mummle."
"The masters of the government of
the United States are the combined
capitalists and manufacturers of the
United States." Presldet Wilson said
in' his election address, 1912.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall it to a friend.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
° McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs. Wedding Banquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and 'Shade Treea, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        665 Granvillo Street
Sey. D88-672 "SAT IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. 8513-13111
Quarter-Acre Lot on Dow Road, between Victory
and Trafalgar, Burnaby.
Price $400
Terms—$50.00 down, $10.00 per month.
This lot, which has been cleared for building, has a
magnificent view overlooking the North Arm.
pHICAGO has a new outrage! How'
*-* startling—to" some. We fear that
outrages about which we hear
much, are not any worse than other
outrages and tragedies which are be
ing enacted in that great city every
day. In the average case, however,
it is only the lives of the "common
clay" which is concerned and w.
pass it by unnoticed.
* *      *
When Robert Carey drove recklessly: through the streets of Chicago, endangering the lives of others
and pursued by police, who mistook
him for a bandit, he added but
another score to be registered
against our so-called, "high society.'
Given money and possessions, many
think they can do anything and anybody. They have been succeeding
In no small measure in the past, we
might add. However,, we recall
saying ''(livt* & culf enough rope and
it will hang Itsftif." Well, it would
seem that our friends in the "upper
strata" are doing that little thing.
The thing they worshipped has been
their own undoing
* *      •
Captain   Geo.   Merchant,     veteran
British Columbian skipper is ad
mitted to old people's home! It was
reported that ho was gladly accorded
the hospitality of that Institution
for his declining years. Think of it!
Was there ever, any more damning
indictment of our present social
system? To think that a man, who
has served mankind, as the Captain
is reported to have done, is not deserving o'f something better, when
we consier how much some others
enjoy who have done little or nothing, yes, perhaps worse than nothing, is somewhat bewildering to us.
* *      *
• Unemployment during the coming
winter Is likely to be more seripus
than last, according to Aid. Garbutt,
We might tell him that each winter
It is likely to be still more serious.
Making a few slight prepaarations
for this winter will be but a small
task to what they will have to face
ere long. When the city couneil
sends a representative to the Ottawa conference regarding these mat
ters, we wonder if they will pick
some one who just needs a "Joy-
trip," or one who has studied the
question and knows what he Is talk
ing about.
* •      *
We see that Charles A. Matthews,
Jun., former deputy provincial treasurer of Ontario, has been located.
We wonder what will be the outcome.
His conduct has , apparantly, been
very questionable, but still, when
they belong to the "higher-ups'
they usually get away.with it. We
will watch the case with Interest.
* *      *
, Speaking of "higher-ups," we have
been informed by many, that we can
rest assured that the "Veterans
Weekly Scandal" is a closed chapter,
for they feel certain that some "influential" political heeler is mixed up
in it somewhere. We have our own
opinion along those lines too, but we*
are going to keep on investigating.
* *      •
Woman victim of quota law! Compelled to be separated from her husband and children! Why? Because
her husband had to leave Canada
and go to the United Statea*to gain
a livlihood for them. Because the
natural resourses of this country
are controlled and operated by the
few, in the interest of themselves.
Since they cannot operate these
profitably they refuse to allow anything to be done, hence. unemployment  and   our   emigration   problem.
* *      *
The Elks make a big "hit" with
the kiddies. Ice cream, pop-corn,
and candy haa always had a great
attraction for the kiddles. Of course
when there Is added to all that, a
learned discourse on the flag and
what it stands for, or rather what
It Is supposed to stand for, eon
could well imagine the children's
* *      *
We wonder what was said about
unemployment, and the suffering
and privation that Is everywhere to
l»e found, under the same flag. If
our flag means liberty and freedom
to one class, ■ it should mean the
same to all classes. If not, then the
class which, has not boen so favored
can hardly be expected to be enthusiastic about It.
* *      *
Albert Luke was arrested as a
vagrant, whilo allegedly begging
from a citizen. He goes to Oakalla
fop fifteen days, Perhaps he'll have
better luck there. A lot of people
would gladly go thore, if by so doing, they could gain the necessities
of life for themselves ,and dependents, since their prospects are so
poor  outside   that  institution. .
* *      *
British Columbia does not stand
alono In her election muddles and
Jerrymanderlngs. In Italy, they
found that election campaigns could
only be conducted with fraud and
violence if tho govornment was to
win. For the liberal bourgeoisie
and the Catholic peasantry and evon
some Fascists were thoroughly dls
glinted with Mussolini.
«      *      *
MalteottI endeavored to reveal the
story of the elections. Ho had gathered ugly evidence of how Mussolini nnd his fighting gangs had "turned hell looso." And so he was
quietly wiped of? the face of the
* '■*'*
We of lho north don't do things
In thnt way. Wo aro long-headed
an coolwltted. Or maybo tho pooplo are moro moderate in our demnnds nnd much more easily pleased
than our Italian brethren.. When
however wo do become so unreasonable as to show a general willing
ness to take over the means of production, there may be some lively
Meanwhile the government can experiment with absentee votes and
divert the workers' attention with
the beer question and amuse them
with fleets and processions and the
price of bread.
* •      •
In Vernon, the government decided the road wanted attention and
accordingly . . . men were set to
work, This was before the election. No*v (hat /the government ls
comfortably re-installed the men
can "go hang" and the roads can
wait , , , until next election.
* •     *
Perhaps tho postal workers won
their battle after all. Even though
they had the audacity to strike
(igalnst the govornment and its
wretched minimum wngo (|86).
Even 3,500 men found they could
effectively disorganize the postal
system, and After ten days, "hell
must have frozen ovejf" for they
were all taken back. And If the
government falls to deal promptly,
they are going on strike again.
* *      •
The Beaatitmles, revised version,
according to Alban Gordon in "The
Common Sense of Socialism," after
the manner of Denn Inge: "Blessed
are the warmakers, for they shall
sell machine guns at comfortable
profits; blessed are the unscrupulous, for shady methods are whitewashed by riches and respectability;
blessed are the selfish, for they shall
elbow others out of the way or
tread them underfoot; blessed are
the rich, for thoy shall fare sumpt-
ously on the earnings of others;
blessed are tho successful, for the
others are fools."
* *      *
A prominent Scottish dovlne,
speaking on militarism in connection
with the scout movement, remarked
that only 30% of the companies
used the very innocent rifle. We
may be pig-headed, or wo may have
deafened ourselves with trying to
convince others, but nny how, ' we
fail to understand how a rifle can
be regarded as very innocent, or as
anything save an instrument of murder. Until sham battles and war
like drills are discarded from its
programme and killing apparatus
from among its accoutrements, we
shall regjard the movement with
•       *       •
The tax collectors are doing more
by their quibbling and arbitrary
methods of collecting taxes from an
already over-burdened people, to
make converts \o communism than
the communist party itself Is doing,
by its red  propaganda.
[The opinions and Idoas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatloniat, and
no responsibility for the views expressed ls accepted by the management.]
Conditions In Wales
Editor B. O. Federatlonist: I am
sorry to hear that Vancouver did not
succeed ln electing at least one labor
candidate. I am now In the heart of
the colliery district in Wales and
were I able, I could write a most
interesting description of condition's
existing conditions here. Accidents
are of dally occurrence. On Saturday
last, July 12, one man was killed by
a fall of top coal (this is how the min-
i describe it). 'Another was badly
injured in the same way in another
part of the pit. Pood is much dearer
ln England than Canada, with few
exceptions, butter, 46c. per lb; Iamb,
48c. to 56c. per lb, bread, 19c. a four-
pound loaf; new 'potatoes, seven
pounds for 24c; sugar, 9c. per pound;
strawberries, 24c. per pound; black
currants, 36c. per pound. The minimum wage of the miner Is $2.40 per
day, which only applies to the day he
works. In the western valleys !of
Monmouthshire the average working
days for the last three months has
been four days per week. The minimum wage for the laborer ls f 1.92
per day. In this valley there is a
great deal of unemployment and the
majority of men working short time
are not entitled to unemployment pay.
Trade does not look like reviving Here,
but work Is a little more plentiful In
other valleys. Yours,
Abertillery, Mon,, Wnlos,
July 14, 1924.
Tho Pulpwood Commission Report
Editor B. C. Federatlonist; The
Royal Pulpwood commission which
was appointed to examine into thtt advisability of prohibiting the export of
unmanufactured wood from Canada
Anally brought in its report on tho dying day of tho sossion of parliament
which has Just prorogued. In this
report the question of an embargo ls
left exactly where it waB when the
commission was appointed, numely,
ln the hands of the government, I
think this Is ample Justiflcation for
everything I have said concerning
■this commission and for the ground I
took from tho beginning that thc
whole proceeding was a farce, that the
commission wns merely appointed to
"dodge" the iasuc and was a criminal
wnste of tho peoplo's monoy, and that
my action in declining to attond the
hearings ot this commission has been
Tully Justified, if any Jusllflcatlon was
necessary. The more fnct, that the
commission states ln its report that
"Canada Is slill dissipating her woods
capital moro than nny other nation
In the world," nnd t&at "definite radical ami constructive steps nre of transcending Importance lf Canada Is to
protect and furthor develop her forest industries," and mat "p.ubloly owned forests ohotlld ho __v.lnped
throughout Cnnada." simply corroborates everything 1 hnvo said nnd Is
merely repeating what all* Canadian
foresters' have* advocated   for   yoars.
Tens of Thousands of Canadian
People Know Mot Where to
Turn to Get Work
Toronto   Chambermaids'
Wages Out—Scotch Immigrant
Girls Available
[Extract from Hansard]
]MR. WOODSWORTH: I have had
a large number of resolutions
sent to me during the past few
months, which I will not take the
time of the house to read, covering
the situation from the standpoint of
the working classes, from coast to
I hiny say, It ls much the same
story, that men out of work everywhere, or working part time.* It is
all very Well for us to read those
statistics, but, Mr. Chairman, I would
like to ask you to picture the effect
on the men and the women and the
families involved in such a condition
as this. For many years I had something to do with sooial work in the
north part of the city of Winnipeg..
I know what it is to try to organize
relief work. I know what it Is to have
to come in close contact with the distress that prevails under such circumstances, and I suDmlt that li
thousands and tons of thousands of
our Canadian pooplo not knowing
which way to turn in order to get
work, the men becoming ^demoralized
throug lack of worlt, tho women becoming heart-broken, and even the
children deteriorating through a lack
of nourishment—take these articles
published a few months ngo by one
of the Montreal papers, dealing with
the question of tuberculosis In that
city owing to the lack of nourishment
among the poorer classes—I say that
when you consider these facts you
must pause and ask yourself whether
it Is wise under existing conditions to
continue to Induce people to come to
this country to compete with workers
In an already' overcrowded labor
As I listened the night before last
to the debate on taxation, when we
were asked to give large salaries and
appoint new boards to consider how
people might more scientifically be
taxed, I thought of tho large numbers of the common people, I am
not ashamed to say that 1 represent
the heaviest taxpayers In this country,
the common people, because after all,
the taxes sink down until they rest
upon their shoulders. In view of the
increased burdens so scientifically adjusted, I recalled some words that are
accredited to Count Tolstoi; "The
government is willing to do anything
for tho people except to get off their
backs." That Is the feeling that is
becoming prevalent among very large
seotlons of the people here ln Canada, and from the standpoint of unemployment, I say it is a question
whether we should at the present
time bring in more people.   Just on
FRIDAY....,..,...,.. August I
We Are Lucky Our New
Fall Clothing Is Here for
Exhibition Week
ONE SPECIAL-Men's Pine Worsted Suits,
easy to keep pressed
ANOTHER   SPECIAL^-Tweeds,  in   dark
shades, for men and young men
W. B. Brummitt
18 and120 Cordova Street West
Branch: 412 Hastings Street West
Consequently what have the Canadian
people to show for the  ¥70,600 expended on the Royal Pulpwood commission. PRANK J. D. BARNJUM.
Annapolis Royal, N. S.
Vnluo ot. Stamps
Editor B.C. Federatlonist: Will you
kindly inform me through the columns of your excellent paper each
of the denominations or values of
the postage and revenue stamps as
issued by our Canadian government.
and  oblige.      Yours  truly,
P.   H.   MORGAN
South Vancouver, B C„ Aug. 6, 1924.
[Note.—Postage stamps are Issued
ln denominations aa follows: lc,
2c„ 8c„ 4c, 6c, 7c, 10c, 20c, SOc.
and 11.00.
Postal Cards are stamped %c. for
business, reply cards, lc., 2c snd 6c,
the latter for writing to points In the
Excise stamp are Issued in denominations of lc, rising by single cents
to 10c, then 13c, 15c, 20c, 26c,
80c, 40c, 60c, 60c, 70c, 80c, 90c.
and 11.00; then by single dollars to
$6.00; then 110.00 and (100.00.—
that point I had a little note a few
weeks ago from a friend of mine,
from a rather unexpected quarter, a
business man of somo standing. It
shows how the immigration plan
sometimes works out in practice. He
says: "When I was last in Toronto,
the secretary qf the Old Colony club
(a club to which he belonged), at the
King Edward was telling mo the
chambermaids in that hotel had been
notified of a reduction in wages from
$36 to S25 a month, a cut of 510, and*
they were told if they did not choose
to take it there were a number of
first-class Scotch immigrant girls
available who would be glad of their
jobs. Knowing the Scotch as well ns I
do, I do not believe these girls would
havo loft their homes In Scotland to
come over here and beat down the
wages of Canadians, probably Scotch
Immigrants In earlier days, If they
had known it in advance." We have
had in the largest industries, mechanics brought in and asked to take
the places, at lower wages, of men
who are now occupying these positions. Down in Nova Scotia, with so
many miners idle, miners are being
Imported. I had documonts placed in
my hands a few weekB ago showing
th wretched devices resorted to by
some of the companies—the employment of spies to obtain a knowledge
of conditions, to go ln and out and
make themselves good fellows among
the men, and then either quiet down
or foment trouble, as the case might
The supply of coal and poweri
should be so organized ns to secure
an efficient service for the publlo and.
a position o( comfort and dignity for
the workers in these Industries.—R. ■
H. Tawney. ,
"I have in this year's budget mado
the biggest reduction of duties upon
food ever made at one single stroke ,
and I have dono that in the hope of
ultimately being able to abolish those
food taxes altogether" says Mr. Snowden, M.P.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Boost for
The Fed.
Lot 66 x 120 feet, corner McDonald and 13th Avenue,
Price $1,000
Terms—$50 down, $10.00 per month.
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- IU» __.«t_»m._t llim;i paltfiM or -Upland ty ths Liquor Control Board or
by tlie OjwnuMnt of BritUh Oolunbis      v™"™ ***** "
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with Clean Labor Journalism
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that they may become acquainted with this upright, constructive weekly Labor paper?
If you have, send us their names and addresses, accompanied by Twenty centa for eaoh monthly
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