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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist May 9, 1924

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Industrial unity: strength
Sixteenth year. , v*. 19
{Woodmaker Employees Wish to
Learn How to Use Union
Label in Plants
Canadian  labor  party
I Protest ^gainst Contracting Ser-(
B    vice at Comfort Stations    N
—■New Delegates
ftTHE Vancouver Trades and Labor
council  held  Its regular twice-a-
■iionth meeting on Tuesday evening,
"- Holden block.
Jack Kavanagh presented creden-
,lals from the Hod-carriers union, and
Jle. Tt. Midgley from Lathers union,
Soth former prominent members were
eated as delogatcs.
An Interesting situation became
tnown when it was stated that some
#t the Vancouver woodworker employ'
{rs had approached the council to
;*arn how their plants could use the
anion label. It was said that the mar-
tets in -England and the Antipodes
or sashes and doors insisted on the
oods bearing the union label.
The Carpenters' union will endeavor
o solve the matter in cases where the
nterestcd shops aro not unionized.
j-Dne delegate'suggested that to proper-
earn the union label there should
.e a straight union 'connection from
he felling of the tree, right through
he loggers, tho mills, the towboats
Ind on to the purchasers. This, it
lyas hetd by others, was impractical,
nother urged that Orientals be ad-
Hotted in the unions.
The dominion fair-wage officer no-
Ifled the council of the recent federal
irder-ln-council   making  more  clear
he powers of the minister of labor
egardtng the application of the fair-
'age clause in agreements.
The  council endorsed the  Canada
(*abor party and.afflliated with lt. Del-
gates will be appointed to attend the
onvention on May 31-June 1 here.
A committee composed of Delegates
[Scrlbbens,   Pettipiece  and   Bengough
iVas aelected, with power to add to the
Bfiumber,   to  appear 'before   the  city
uncli and protest against the con<
K acting of the servico at comfort eta-
bns;  also to endeavor to ascertain
ie attitude of the city council toward
ay or contract labor in conneotlon
H^ith the expenditures of moneys of
' 'oposed   bylaws.     Delegates   voiced
^jiery strong opposition to the proposal
charge a fee for use of the wash
sins in the comfort stations.
A delegate with a sense of humor
aid there was a lost owner on trie
-aterfront.     When   endeavoring   to
ttle the fair-wage conditions of work
'oing done on the trestle at the Splller
oh the representative of the Pacific
Construction company told the labor
len  the  work   was  being done by
.plllers.    The  representative  of the
iter company said this was not right,
jhe work was being done by the Har-
lor  board.    That  board,   when  ap-
oached,  denied that lt was doing
ihe work.    Meantime the work has
roeeededto completion.
"Who owns it?" asked the delegate.
"Harry Gale," replied a voice.
■bor Party Unanimously Select
Him to Run in New
At a meeting held in the Labor Tem
le, New Westminster, Monday, May
It. C. Higgins of the Street Bailway
en's union, was nominated to con-
the seat at the approaching elec-
ns ln the Interest of Labor,
In accepting the nomination, Mr.
Iggins made an appeal for a united
ont. "If I win," he said, "we will
joy the victory together; if I go
wn to defeat, then we will have to
t it all over again, and flght on
til we do win."
Mrs, M, Sorley, in addressing the
eting, Urged the workers to enlarge
tir vision and Include within the
;nks of labor not only the men who
fork. In the factory and on the farm,
t that great mass who are engaged
administration, and in the distribu-
m of commodities.
Dr. Lyle Telford also spoke, and
We a very inspiring and educational
Idress. With a strong committee nt
irk, it is" expected that a large labor
te will be brought out.
Musicians Meet JSumlny
J A number of important'matters will
j discussed at the general meeting on
[faiday of local 146, A. P. of M. Tho
niof of these will be the advisability
' re-opening the charter for a short
nriod, and the remuneration of band-
Iksters^to military units, in the Juris-
Iction of the local. Delegates to the
I irt Invest District conference will
Ijo submit their report.
Label Whist and Danco
The monthly whist drive and dance
[the Union Label league will be held,
■usual, In Cotillion hall, next Friday
Inning. Six valuable prizes will be
Ifen at the whist drive, and the pro-
\p-B ot the entertainment will go to
i Labor building fund.
[idleness Is not rest.—Dr. Leonard
rkers Should Elect Represen-
% tives at Next Elections—
V A Word to Doubters
Can Achieve Improvements by Establishing Socialism and
Proper Methods
[By W. W.l
TN the flrst place, I would draw the
reader's attention to the pitiable
©(torts which have become frantic,
particularly since the- close of the
great war, of working men and women, striving to get something, as it
were, for nothing. In other words,
trying to get their hearts desire by
methods absolutely ridiculous. I am
referring to competitions, sweepstakes,
lotteries, etc., which have been such a
craze this- last few years. Men and
women got to the point of neglecting
their children nnd .homes, and used
money which should have been spent
on necessities, in gambling. They
lived In hopes of winning sufficient
money to buy that little five-acre ranch
or to start a little corner grocery
store. The craving was not actually
for the large sums of money which
were dangled before their faces as it
was for what they could do with the
money if fortunate enough to be a
winner. They wanted to better their
conditions, and get out of the rut
which the present system has placed
them in. It seems to me that the
workers have Just about struggled
along blindly, long enough, and that
It is about time we got together nnd
found a way out of this morass
through which we have been struggling. In fact, we have been walking
round and round Just inside the rim
and If we had only known it, we could]
and can, right now, take a jump
plumb on to solid land, and march
forward to the goal we all have ln
view, and attain by work and reason
what so many have been trying to get
by gambling, namely, a good and sure
living with ultimate independence and
sure provision for our children, and
our old age, and lift that cloud that
has been ever hanging round. We
have it In our power to change all this
oppression, and strife, and this will be
done when the workers wake up to
their strength, cast aside their selfish
ness, and come out into the open and
do (.heir little bit.
I firmly'believe that we can achieve
great Improvements, and make great
strides towards establishing socialism
through parliamentary procedure, and
while some persons would take exception to this method, I claim it is
one of the roads open to us, and that
until something better Is provided, we
should work along the lines of the
Labor parties in other countries to
bring ourselves up to date. If parliaments can he used to .feather the nest
of politicians, protect the property of
the capitalists, and swell their fortunes, surely they can be used to provide for the workers, protect the out-
of-works and the downtrodden.
Surely we can take a leaf out of the
books of the capitalists for what is
good for the goose is good for the
gander. Take, for instance, this new
Provincial party. A member of that
new party was telling the writer that
It was a party of hard-headed busl
ness men, who were banding together
to protect their interests, which they
claimed were being neglected by the
two old parties. They wanted certain
taxation removing which were detrimental to their businesses, control of
the lumber of the province, and other
natural resources, not for the benefit
of the majority, but for themselves
and their friends. To this end, they
have collected amongst themselves a
large fund. When we see lawyers and
lumbermen Investing thousands of dol
lara fn political action, we can rest
assured they intend reaping a good
harvest. The writer remembers a case
of a lawyer who went into politics,
and spent thousands of dollars in
making himself popular, giving cups
to football clubs, equipping clubs and
ultimately in election expenses, apart
from jhe funds he got from his party
chest, and mortgaged his home. He
succeeden in being returned, and gained cabinet rank, etc., and $20,000 he
spent wns well invested from his point
of view. Now does it not stand to
sense, that if It pays the capitalist to
send their men to parliament, it would
eqoally pay th'e workers to invest their
nickels and dimes in tho same way?
We have got t,o set ourselves a certain task, and work until we have accomplished it. For instance, if we
say we can return ten men to parliament at tho next provincial election,,
and sot about it in a right spirit, we
can do it. This would only be the
start, but I beg to say that it would
be the greatest blow to .capitalism and
big businesses that has ever been felt
in Canada. It would give us the balance of power, and- stop all the dirty
legislation that ls intended to keep the
vyorkers down. If we do this, and we
can and will if the workers say so,
then we can look forward to the day
in the very near futuro when we can
return a majority to the house. Where
there's a will, there Is a way, and 20
years ago the workers in the old country willed that Philip Snowden should
be the chancellor of the exchequer,
and it has come to pass. When Philip
(Continued on page 3)
[By  Charles  Hill-Tout,  F.   R.  S.  C,
F, B. A. I., etc.)
(All Rights Reserved)
TN the last article we sought to learn
what science could teach us of the
nature and origin of life, and found
that she could utter no definite statement concerning either the one or the
other; that up to the present time
she had failed to correlate the life-
force with any other of the forces of
the universe whether physical, chemical or electro-magnetic. That while
all other forces or energies were convertible from one form into another,
life seemed a thing apart, an order
.unto itself, unlike and unrelated to
anything else in the universe.
We found, too, that the thinkers of
all ages had speculated deeply upon
its mysteries, and that in our own age
there pre 'ailed two opposing ideas or
concepts concerning it; that one of
these—the Mechanistic—regarded life
as merely a function of matter, a
manifestation of an inherent property
of material substance when ln certain
definite chemical forms or compounds
and when the circumstances were favorable to this manifestation or functioning. And that the other—the Vltalistic—regarded the life-principle as
something outside of and apart from
matter, which at some time in the past
had invaded and united itself with
matter; thus changing lifeless, inorganic chemical compounds into living organic substance.
A cursory or superficial consideration of these two concepts may make
the former seem much simpler than
the latter; for under this view the
problem of the nature and source of
life is one with the nature and spurce
of matter itsetf. We have but to flnd
the solution of the latter and the
other follows from it. This the Mechanistic doctrine claims to have done
by excluding any Creative and Directive Principle from the universe; and
by postulating the character of eternity for matter and energy; declaring
that they have always existed and
must always exist; that everything ln
the universe—man himself Included—
Is but the result of the interplay of
these two fundamental entities, matter and force.     	
By reason of this apparent simplicity, the Mechanistic concept has always been very attractive to certain
types of mind and was very generally
held by men of science up to the close
of the last century. Since then, however, aa was pointed out in the last
article, a deeper study and a wider
knowledge of the life-processes have
forced many of our leading biologists
and others to abandan the mechanistic
view, because it appeared to be so
much out of harmony with what they
found prevailing In the world of life.
Nature, in her life-processes, seemed
to them to be aiming at some definite
purpose and end, which purposo and
end could not be satisfactorily accounted for by any merely Mechanistic theory of life. Also, too many
new difficulties presented themselves
under thfs materialistic view. In
deed, for the philosophically minded
it raised problems more insoluable
than those it seemed to solve.
How explain, for instance, they ask,
such an organism aB man, who Is patently an intelligent and reasoning
being, if he be but the outcome of
the fortuitous oomlng together of
atoms, the product of the interplay of
merely physical, chemical and electrical forces, which are themselves wholly blind and unintelligent? How can
this creature of chance, this aggregation of chemical atoms—who by the
exercise of his expanding Intelligence
has been able to measure the immensities of space and weigh the stars in
their orbits—perform these and
host of other equally astounding tasks,
If he be but the product and outcome
of merely blind, insensate forces?
How could he have managed to take
out of Nature's own hand the very
evolutionary   process   which   brought
♦him into being, and nave learned tof/ter.   Reason and philosophy alike for-
direct, modify and control it almost
as he wills—as witness the multitudinous array of new forms of plants and
animals he has of late years produced
—If he be not something more than a'
merely energized, chemical compound,
a chance offspring of matter and energy ?
How can the effect' be so mueh
greater than the cause?
Physics teaches us (hat a stream
can never of itself rise higher than
its source. How comes it about, then,
that this organism we call man has
risen to much above his source, and
has been able to take hold of the very
forces that wrought hlto and use and
direct and, ln an Increasing measure,
control them for his o.wn ends and
purposes? How in ©th-ftr words, could
the insensate clay contrive to produce
the living, cunning potter? We can
understand the potter shaping and
forming the clay but how explain the
clay shaping and moulding the potter.
For that is the inverted order of things
the mechanistic doctrine of life forces
upon our understanding.
To ascribe such power to matter and
energy is surely to give to them the
very attributes "which the Theist
Claims for his Deity or Creator—a Principle whose existence Mechanism totally denies and excludes from its universe. It Is this very aspect of the Mechanistic doctrine which appears so
unphilosophic and is so repugnant to
other than Mechanistic minds. For,
whatever we may conceive the primal
source of life-to be, we'must at least
postulate for it intelligence, because
we manifest it ourselves; and because
we cannot consistently admit that intelligence can proceed from unlntelli-
gence or that an active thinking mind
can spring from dull thoughtless mat-
Only Six Weeks Allowed for B.
0. Provincial Elections
Labor Now in Ascendency—New
House Will Contain 48
Different European Parliaments
to Which Labor and Socialists Are Elected
Following is a list of parliamentary
bodies of the different European
countries, in which the workers are
represented, and the number of tho
labor and socialist members elected
Name of
Oreat Britain      192
Germany      173
Labor and   Per
Socialist    Cent.
Switzerland .......
Czechoslovakia .
BRITISH COLUMBIA is now in the
throes   of   an   election   campaign'J""Vr__r'*_,T°MT' «"* """""'" "utl
bodies than it.)   Moreover it ls only
that promises to be one of the most
bid such a view.
For the biologist and others, then
who cannot accept this view, and who
perceive some tcleologlcal or purposeful end in the evolutionary process,
life proceeds from an Intelligent
source whatever that source may be
conceived to be. And if he seeks to
flnd a fuller understanding of what
life is, as It manifests itself in the organic world, he may follow Bergson
and regard ft as consciousness or mind
launched into matter, which by Its
Increasing control and direction of
matter—as evidenced in the intelligence of the higher forms of life—has
manifested and will continue to manifest more and more intelligence or
mind; thereby implicitly if indirectly,
revealing to us something of the
character of its Ultimate Source.
Such a view of life is consonant
both with scientific Inquiry and philosophic speculation.
But, It may be asked: Can the Vital-
1st learn anything further of this phenomenon, this principle he calls
"Life?" ThuB, for example, is it con
fined to our globe, or is it common to
the universe at large? Has it manifested itself on other bodies of space,
and where and when did it first appear?
These are all legitimate questions,
and follow naturally from tho Vltalistic concept of life; and it may not be
unprofitable for us to spend a little
time in learning what kind of answers
men of science have sought to give to
these questions.
One of the earliest things men
learned about life was that it was
rigidly and strictly conditioned; that
it could not manifest and maintain
itself anywhere and under any clr
Even from, the Mechanistic point
of view, matter had to reach a cer
-tain chemical condition before life
could appear. Indeed it ls this very
character of contingency, this dependence of life upon certain narrow and
definite, physical conditions, that first
led men to formulate and hold the
Mechanistic doctrine. And of these
conditions nono seems more important and absolutely necessary than
what we call temperature.
Life as we know it, is absolutely
confined to a temperature ranging
from about 85 degrees (Centigrade)
above zero to about 250 below, that is
to a bare range of a little more than
300 degrees out of a possible one ot
millions—a very restricted limit In
deed. (The mean temperature of our
sun is thought to reach into millions of degrees; and there are hotter
uncertain and interesting ever held ln
the province. Saturday, June 21st,
has been set as the polling date, unless unforeseen eventualities cause
postponement. This means six weeks
of intensive campaigning with four
candidates in almost every constituency, the labor candidates gaining
strength wherever nominated.
The government holds 25 seats ln
the present legislature of 47. The
conservatives hold 14, and 7 are in
the hands of Independents. One Vancouver seat Is vacant. The new house
will contain 48 seats and the government to retain control cannot afford
to lose a single seat,
Anniversary Number of B. C. Musician
Worthy Publication—Records
Year of Progress
The first anniversary of the B. C.
Musician has been fittingly celebrated
by a special issue of the monthly,
which extends to sixteea pages. The
magazine, which is profusely illustrated by a number of very flne portraits,
ls prodigal in interest to musicians.
The letter press is well written, and
is reminiscent of thc progress made
by music as one of the liberal arts.
No branch of music is overlooked although, as Ih perhaps natural, instrumental music and instrumentalists
come in for a large share of attention.
Biographical sketches of leaders In instrumental music in tho city, attached
to the various orchestras, make very
Interesting reading, as does'also much
ot the lighter matter in "the newsy
publication. Musicians themselves
have rallied strongly lo the support
of a hard-working committee, with
the result that the united effort has
achieved much of which they may bc
proud. Teddy Jamieson, tho hustling
secretary, and hfs loyal band of coworkers, may find reward in the fact
that the special anniversary issue of
The.B. C, Musician is a distinct credit
to the organization which they* so
faithfully represent.
Stork Again Visits Musicians
Hugh Wallace, pianist and manager
of the local Olobe theatre, Js receiving
congratulations of his brother musicians on the arrival at his home of a
flne baby son. Both mother and young
son are doing nicely, and Hugh is
quite elated as a result or thc addition to his home circle.
Burnaby Building Permits
Since January 1st to date, the value
of building permits amount to $160,-
461. First week In. May, they were
very few, and those the simplest and
hardiest of organisms, that can stand
the temperature at either of these
limits without injury. The vast majority of life-forms would perish or
their functions would be suspended,
long before either of these extremes
was reached; the life manifestation of
most organisms being practically con
fined to a range not exceeding 100 degrees (Centigrade),, that Is from
about 50 above to about 50 below
That highly-organized chemical
compound which forms the physical
basis of life, which we call protoplasm
and which is highly albuminous in its
nature, coagulates like the white of an
egg when subjected to a temperature
far below 60 degrees (Centigrade) and
freezes lf the temperature falls much
below zero or the freezing point. In
either case the life phenomena soon
cease to manifest themselves and be
come impossible—life is suspended or
has simply ceased to be,.
It is a simple matter, therefore, to
deduce from these circumstances that
life could not have manifested Itself
on our globe until a temperature suitable to its existence had been reached. And if our planet came Into being, as Astronqmy teaches us it did,
this could not have been until some
time after It had taken Its place In
our solar system; for its temperatu:
(Continued on pnge 3)
Is Autocracy of Plutocrat—Growing1 Political Power of
Corrupt Wealth
[Extract from United States Congressional  Record]
Mr. BOYCE: Tho gentleman has already suggested in the course of his
remarks, or rather alluded tp corruption existing In Ameicra.
Mr. BERGER: I have not told one-
half of what I ought to say.
Mr. BOYCE: The gentleman stated
that II is reaching down to thc masses.
Mr. BERGER.   Yeft
Mr. BOYCE; Particularly those
who undertake to control thc masses.
The mon who are In charge, I believe
I understand the gentleman to say.
Mr. BERGER; Yes; the gentleman
is right. Certain leaders of lnbor organizations are dangerous because
they can be bribed nnd bought. But
the greatest danger is the growing
political power of corrupt woalth. Tho
greatest menace to America is autocracy of the plutocrat.
Bc aure to notify the poet office u
soon as you change your address.
Efforts Made to Co-ordinate the
Political Strength of Various Labor Elements
Is Absolutely Opposed to Communism Which Presupposes
Autocrats and Despots
Society Too Complex to Expect
Sudden Turn-over from
Oapital to Labor
[By Angus Mclnnes]
JUDGING from the activities of thc
two old-line parties, augmented by
a new "third party," with the eame
concept and outlook as the parents
from which it sprung, we shall have
an election in this province in the near
future. The Hon. John Oliver has
Just returned from Ottawa, where he
has been for the past few weeks In
search of an Issue on which the election may be contested. A person unacquainted with the political habits of
governments under capitalism, would
think It strange that after seven or
eight years of unhampered opportunity for formulating and putting Into
effect a policy, that they had so far
failed that they were driven at this
juncture to look for an Issue, a "red
herring" to detract the minds of the
people from their own-shortcomings,
and the Inherent flows in the system
which they are trying to direct.
The working class, considered from
a political point of view, is much in
the same position as it has always
been in, as far as organization Is concerned. However, the situation is not
without hope, as a more or less conceited effort is being made to co-ordinate the political strength of the various elements In thc labor movement
for this and future occasions.
The meeting called by the provincial executive of the Trades and Labor congress, for the purpose of forming a British Columbia section of the
Canadian Labor party, was the most
representative, as far as Greater Vancouver was concerned, of any gathering ever held for like purpose by the
workers of this province.
While we do not agree that the
manner of organizing which was approved by the convention ls the best
that could be taken; particularly, hav
ing the present situation in mind, we
shall, having decided to affiliate with
the C. L. P., do our utmost to help It
along the lines on which it was Intended to function.
The Federated Labor party Is a parliamentary labor party, pledged to
work along accepted constitutional
lines as long as thfs form of activity
is allowed us. We believe that by
making use of the methods and Institutions already at our hand, to which
the people have become accustomed
by uso and habit, is the surest and
quickest way for effecting our emancipation.
While in nowise giving up our identity as a political entity, we shall earnestly co-operate with the other organizations, which will make up the
C. L. P. for the advancement of the
movement," without equivocation or
mental reservation."
In so far as n platform or programme Is concerned, wc contend that
there ls only one programme with
which the workers need concern
themselves, and that programme will
be the direct opposite of the programme of the other parties whether
they call themselves conservative, liberal or provincial. They Btand for the
exploitation of the weak by the strong.
We are absolutely opposed to the exploitation of one human being for the
benefit of nnother. They stand for
property rights before humnn rights.
We put human rights first. They
stand for the private ownership of
the means of life to the degrading of
the many and tho aggrandizement of
the few. We stand for the socinl
ownership of things socially produced
and socinlly used with equality of opportunity for all.
Present day society is too complex
to expect a sudden turn over from
capitalism to socialism, but by education and organization, we may hopefully look forwnrd to a progressive
transformation of private or corporate
property Into communal property. To
this end we shall work, accepting
every success and every advantage as
stepping stones to further demands
and further advances.
Could Not Easily Oet Any More
Autocraoy Than We Have,
Says Mr. Berger
TTON. VICTOR L. BERGER, of Wisconsin, socialist member of the U.
S. congress, a while ago delivered a
lengthy speech in the house of representatives, surveying political and
economic condltlona. Following is an
extract from his address, which waa
printed verbatim fn the Congressional
Mr. Nelson (Wisconsin): "Wilt the
gentleman please answer this objection that le made to the socialist theory—that lt really leads to autocracy,
where a few will control and prescribe
the conditions for the many?
Mr. Berger (Wisconsin): It should
not, because our aim Is a social democracy, not communism. And as far as
my experience In the socialist party
goes, It Is all the other way. There
Is too much democracy, so much that
at times the management of the party
has a tendency to become inefficient.
As for autocracy, I might answer the
gentleman that we could not easily
get any more autocracy than we have
today. Today thc profiteers prescribe
for us how much we have to pay for
everything. The vast wealth produced
annually by the people Is an Inexhaustible source, of plunder, which
never ceases, and about which we
have nothing to say. We are plundered from the day we are born—
when they sell the cradle we use—
and they keep on fleecing us all of the
time wherever we turn until we die.
And then we are plundered when we
have to buy a coffin from the coffin
trust. There Is autocracy for you. I
am absolutely opposed to communlam,
however, which pre-supposes autocracy and despotism..
Summer Tourtot Ticket*.
The Canadian National railways passenger department announce that
summer tourist tickets will be on eale
May 15th to September SOth, from
British Columbia points to Jasper National park, Edmonton and Calgary.
A popular feature in Connection with
these fares will be the triangle tour,
which gives the passengers the option
of travelling by steamer between Vancouver and Prince Rupert in one or
both directions.
Summer tourist tickets to Eastern
Canada, Central and Eastern United
Stntes will be on sale May 22nd to
September 15th, final return limit will
be October 31st in both instances.
Employers can only lose more and
more by attempting to maintain without a fundamental change of any kind
the present conditions of society which
are liable to dislocation at ony moment nnd ean never again be stable.—
J. L. Garvin.
Better Times Ahead
A sign of bettor times Js evident
around town In tho number of fino
store-fronts being Installed by retail
merchants. One of tho most progressive clothing merchants bn the wafer-
front. W. B. Bnimmitt, has had the
whole front of his double store torn
out to mako wny for what is undouht-
dly a modern store frontage. The
four large display Windows, now installed, afford unexcelled facilities for
display of men's wear; not only so, the
wide expense of plate glass gives tho
store a daylight atmosphere which is
a marked improvement, Thc Improvements just completed by Mr.
Brum mitt, who hns catered to tho
working men of Greater Vancouver
for so many yenrs, is a sign that conditions are Improving nnd that retail
merchants generally aro confident of
better times Just ahead.
Ours Is a democracy which has not
yet learnt to detect the differenco between the false and the true.—Mr.
Start with Country's Natural Resources and End by Nationalizing Trusts
[ Extract from United fi tates Congressional Record]
Tl/fit. NELSON (Wisconsin): Will
the gentleman please tell us whnt
tbe socialist party really stands for—
give us something of an outline of the
party's principles?
Mr. BERGER (Wisconsin): I cun
state thom In a very few sentences.
The socialist parly stands for the collective ownership nnd democratic
management of all of the social means
of production and distribution. We
Will start with the national ownership
of the country's natural resources,
such ns mines, oil wells, forests and *o
forth. With this must pn the national
ownership of the moans of transportation nnd communication—railroads,
telegraphs, telephones. Furthermore,
we must carry out everywhere the
principle of public ownership of public utilities. Our eountry has made a
good start In the reserving of sumo
national forests, only the start enme
Hoineuhnl late. Tho socialists would
go further after those tilings have
bcen accomplished, but this would do
for some time. Our aim Is finally to
(get hold or al] of ihe trusts. The national ownership and democratic management of lhe trusts Is thc end ot
tho road, as far as I can seo it. What
will happen after that I am not bothering my head about, because that Is
a pfotty large programme. There I
hav given it to you In a few words.
Clergymen In Politics—There is nothing to prevent their clinging to thoir
Ideals, so long as they do this ns men,
and not as priests. They must realize
that because they hold an Opinion, or
support a cause, this does not render
either opinion or cause sacred or immune from attack.—Vancouver Dally
Province, •
I do not think thnt the newspaper
know everything.—Speaker House of
Commons, England. PAGE TWO
sixteenth year.   No. i9 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouvbr. B.e.
FRIDAY May   9,   1!
Published every Friday by
The  British  Columbia   Federationist
Bttflineu snd Editorial OBce, 1128 gowg St.
The policy of Thd B. G. Fedorationist ls
controlled by the editorial board of the Fed*
crated Labor Farty of British Columbia.
about the various social and economic
changes, which must be brought
about, lf peace and prosperity is to be
enjoyed by the great mass of human'
kind in this world.
Subscription Sato: Uifted States and For*
eign, $3.00 per yew; Canada, $3.50 per
year, $1.50 for alx months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 10o per member per
FRIDAY May   9,  1124
JOW that the date for our provincial
elections have been set. It will be
tbe duty of every anient advocate ot
tabor to do his "bit." The time was
never more opportune. Uk. prospects
never so bright, and social conditions
among the great masses of humankind bave never before been in a more
deplorable state. Labor has, truly, a
peat service to perform. She can
look to none other than herself, as
yet, to assist. The old political line
parties are still persisting in talking
twaddle, while thousands are ckeing
out a miserable, existence In a land of
plenty. Tbe 31st of June should serve
as a memorable date In our local labor movement. Let us aocopt the
challenge and acquit  ourselves like
JF IT were possible for the spirit of
some of our heroes who lie-buried
In Flander's fields to speak to many
of us today, might they not say, and
say rightly:
"Five years ago, we gave up our
lives for liberty, world peace and prosperity, while last year you allowed
your wages to be reduced by £600,-
000,000. At the same time, the unreduced Interest you paid to the war
money-lenders was £400,000,000. From
the year 1919-20 to the preaent, you
have spent on army, navy and air-
force, £1,300,000,000. After all that
you erect a bit of stone, and take off
your hat to it, and think we'll be
pleased. That will never be. Cover
your head and go home until you have
shown some Justification for the sacrifice that we made,"
We ask, could they be blamed? We
doubt if they would be pleased with
the attitude of some of our so-called
ardent patriots. If they really called
them plain hypocrites, would they be
r' HAS ofttmes been said that politics and business do not mix well.
It haB never been suggested, however,
to which we should ascribe the reason
for this unfortunate state of affairs.
One wonders whether business, as it
is run today, is too pure or politics ls
too filthy and contaminating. It does
seem a tragedy, no matter which view
you may choose to take, since It is
upon both of-these that our happiness
and general welfare is dependent. If
business men, professional men and
workmen are all barred from politics,
as they should be, lf lt is true that
business and politics do not mix, then
to whom are we to leave the destiny
of our country? If It is to be left solely to those who are of that section of
our community which Is known as our
politicians then all we can say is, God
help our country,
We do not hold such a view, however. We believe that It Is the duty
of every man, woman and child to understand and take an active interest In
the conduct of our country's affairs.
We would make one qualification, however, and that is that the interest displayed be of the intelligent variety.
How many people today think that
they are taking an active interest In
the affairs of their country, when they
go to a few meetings during the heat
of an election campaign, and then
cast their ballot? Better far that they
stayed at home, It would seem. In
telligence along these lines Is only to
be gained by an earnest and honest
endeavor on the part of the individual
to learn and acquaint himself with
the social and economic laws that are
in constant operation In this world cf
ours. As surely as we break the natural laws governing our health, we suffer. Just as surely will we suffer individually and collectively if we break
or fail to keep the economic laws. Ignorance of theae laws gives one no
It would seem, therefore, that politics and buslneas should mix,' or
rathor, must mix, if the political life
of our. country fs to be purified; It
should be a part of the religion of
everyone of us to see that our country
Is well and humanely governed. To
sit back and criticize the actions of
others while you refuse to assume
your full responsibility In the political
life of your country, brands you as
worse than the crudest of the politicians. To claim to have the necessary knowledge and not use it, or to
sit Idly by and neglect the education
which is necessary to be gnlned regarding the economic structure and
operation of society, ft would seem, is
an unpardonable sin. If politics are
filthy, let us clean them up. The
time was never more opportune than
right now. Will labor rise to Its opportunity now?
WE NOTICE with regret that a certain talented company use their
energy In getting up at least one play
which revives the war fever, which renews the war hates. The fact that
the poor old burgomaster was shot by
the Germans Is lamentable; equally
lamentable were the atrocities committed by the allies. And after all,
we are told that all is fair In war,
Sentimentality expended on this type
of story is wasted, for after all war ls
war once people allow It to come
THERE has been a rumor current
for some time that the conservn
tives nnd the provincial party might
unite their forces in Prince Rupert.
No doubt It Is a rumor that Is, more
or less, founded on fact. There Ih no
reason whatever why they should not
unite, for their objectives are in harmony. They are both out to get all
that they can from the people, and to
give In return as little as they can to
thc people.
Just as soon as the forces of Labor
commence to function as they ought,
the various parties and factions that
have existed,.«« apparent separate entities, will unite In opposition to the
forces of progress, as exemplified in
the Labor political party. Labor has
been, for so long a time, divided into
opposing factions within itself, that
the othor political parties have been
able to carry on their political thievery with a fair degree of safety, and
under the guise of political expediency. Now Lahor Is awakening to
the fact that she haa been played with
long enough, and. her various forces
aro uniting, jn ah endeavor to bring
IT IS with a feeling of delight and
satisfaction that the average worker will view the formation of the Canadian Labor Party. It is hoped that
it will fill a long felt want in the Labor movement. No doubt there will
be many nttempts made to disrupt the
unity in the ranks. Sinister influences
will be at work, and the more the
movement looks like being a success,
the more energetically will these sinister Influences function. Certainly,
it Is to be hoped, that those to whom
may be entrusted the task of guiding
this movement to a position of Influence, will see to it that nothing is left
undone that will help make thts move
ment serve the purpose for which it
has been formed, namely, to co-ordinate thc various groups and factions
within tho movement for the purpose of so directing the voters at
election times that they will elect
responsible labor representatives to
represent them In the various houses
of parlament.
The individuality or Identity of any
of the parties who may have affiliated
themselveB with this body will not be
lost, but rather will their work and
propaganda be rendered more effective at election time. Co-ordination
rather than .duplication ls to be their
aim and objective.
It will be earnest endeavor of the
Federated Labor party to, at all times,
co-operate with the C. L. P.    Owing
to the proximity of thc coming provincial elections, the F. L. P. have felt
ft incumbent upon them to prepare for
the fight, and have candidates ready
in case of emergency, but they have
on each occasion, thus far, made their
nominations   provisional   upon   their
being endorsed by the C. L. P. if an
opportunity was given.   Had the elec
tions been called hurriedly, before the
C. L. P. could have  functioned as it
ought, It was felt that the F. L. P. at
least, would be ready.    In any event,
there is nothing In the constitution of
the C. L. P. that would In any way In
terfere  with  the individual  activities
of the various affiliated units.     It ls
understood that the various units are
to   oarry   on   their   propaganda,  and
even tbeir nominating conventions as
in the past, but their nominations are
to lie submitted to the Canadian Labor
pai'ty for their endorsement.    At that
time some of the nominees may have
to be dropped from one or more of
tbe affiliated bodies, since the C. L, P.
can only endorse the usual number of
candidates to fill the slate In a particular  constituency.    So  long as   the
spirit of honesty and  falrplny Is In
evidence,   there   Is   not   the  slightest
doubt   but   that   this   newly-formed
body will bo a God-send to tho workers.    If, on the other hand, nny group
or faction endeavors to gain control
of this body In an effort to make It
serve  their  own   ends,   It   will   be
dismal failure, and will do more to
retard the Labor movement than all
the Intrigues pf,capitalism combined.
bill also made it more easy for regular co-operative societies to provide
for expansion and development.
"If people are really staggered by
the proposals in my Evictions bill,
then there will be little tranquility in
the days to come," said Mr. Wheatley
at Glasgow recently. "Why?" he
asked. "Because, when Labor has a
majority we shall present the determination of the British people to
alter the whole social Bystem." Thus
we see the genuineness of the ideals
and the practical spirit of the labor
party shown in a few words.
The policy of wage cutting so mercilessly carried out during the last few
years in Great Britain, haB reduced
the purchasing powers of the workers
by about one billion pounds per annum. In this we see the cause of the
numerous great strikes of recent
months. The dally press sometimes
sympathizes with Premier Macdonald
In his trouble with continual strikes.
It is doubtful lf their sympathies go
so far as to approve of the way the
strikes have been settled. Laws already on the statute books; laws
which Baldwin or Ltoyd George would
have honored by forgetting, were
there to enable the government to
carry on and make it worse for the
profiteers lf they did not yield the
rather modest demands of the strikers.
Labor and the Poets
Thc Thoughts of Browning
[By Frances Wills]
QNE might say of Robert Browning
that his chief ambition was 'to
know life; life in all its varied fashions, its ideals and indifferences, its
ambitions, Its grovelling meannesses,
Its successes and Its failures, its heroes
and its villains.
His story of Fra Llppo shows this
very clearly. It Is the tale of a monk
who has the gift of painting; a monk
who sought the cloister ns some men
seek the army—as a road to bread
and'a shelter. The church life repressed Fra Lippo and would have
distorted his gift, but he used to escape at night from his cloister and
wander about the city studying human life, ln all its aspects; the monks
themselves, the breathless murderer,
the "sportive ladles." In like circumstances, one feels that Browning
would have acted ln a similar way.
Browning cared for nature as his
works show, but he cared for human
beings a great deal more. So his mind
was of the cosmopolitan order, and
the world of his work waB a large
one. And he had a large faith ln mankind; he saw
TN the autumn of 1922, the following
resolution, after a long debate, was
unanimously passed at the south end
of ward_7 liberal association:
"That In the opinion of this association, it Is desirable in the Interests
of the public health—the chief factor
in the prosperity of all countries—
that some sort of medical Insurance
should be considered by the government, and embodied ln an act of parliament."
It waa sent to the premier, the attorney-general and to several liberal
associations for endorsement. At the
executive meeting of the Central Liberal association, it was read and referred to the advisory board for discussion. The then president of that
association failed In his duty, as I
presume he did not personally approve of It, for It was quietly Interred
In the advisory board, never being
brought up for discussion, although
that was the wish of the executive, as
expressed by its unanimous vote.
That president, a mere party politician, a being without vision or any
altruistic thought, who is notorious for
hla platitudinous speeches with their
pretty perorations of liberal principles in the abstract, failed miserably
when the opportunity arose to put
these principles into concrete form.
In these days of accelerating thought
Betting ln London Is that the labor
government will hold offlce until the
autumn of 1D2S.
"There Is only room ln Britain for
two parties.    The liberal   party will
disappear.    Watch  the  by-elections.
—Lord Rothmere.
A   bill  was recently Introduced  in
the  imporial  parliament designed  to
protect the public from the operations „„ ,,    .
, , , „L      Grow old along w th me,
I of fake co-operative concerns.     The y^n be8t ,„ yet to be_
'A good in evil, and a hope
-In III success," He could "sympathize,
be proud
Of their half-reasons, faint aspirings,
Struggles for truth, their poorest fallacies,
Their prejudice and fears and cares
and doubts;
All with a touch of nobleness, despite
Their error."
The poetry of Browning has been
open to great controversy on account
of his religious teachings; these need
not be discussed here, rather they are
better left to the Individual judgment.
But the philosophy of Browning must
appeal to every man and woman who
goes through life with a conscious
purpoae. Several poems contain gems
of thought apart from their artistic
value. In "Saul"—the story of the
flrst Jewish king—<ls the thought that
"God Is seen God ln the star, in the
stone, In the flesh, In the soul and the
clod," and its significance to our understanding of life. In the "Statue
and the Bust," a story of Italy, he
points out that whatever a man re
solves to do ln playing out _\e game
of life, he should be heart and soul in
thc work; and that half-hearted ness
Is unworthy of humanity. In "The
Last Ride Together," he bids us con
sider the "petty done, the undone
One of Browning's finest character
studies Is the story of Andrea del Sar-
to, the "Faultless Painter," so-called
because of the technical exactness of
his drawings; a man whose wife was
frivolous and unappreclatlve of his
genius. Thc artist says of his own
skill: "Less is more, Lucrezla; I am
Judged," and he compares himself
with loss skilful painters who have
the vision ho lackB. "Man's reach
should exceed hia grasp," and the artist's case is the reverse; hence his
sense of failure.
We get something of the same Idea
In "The Grammarian's Funeral." The
hero has given his life, his health, his
everything for learning's sake. Contrasting him with some types, his followers are made to say:
This low man seeks a little thing to do,
Sees and does It.
This high man, with a great thing to
Dies ere he knows It,
This low man goes on adding one to
His hundred's soon hit;
This high man, aiming at a million,
Misses an unit.
Which, of course, merely means
that life Is easy to those easily satisfied with themselves and the world;
but to those who have a vision of what
might be, life Is much more difficult.
Perhaps Browning's greatest poem
Is the Rabbi Ben Ezra. It is characteristic of the poet that he nearly al
ways chooses for his heroes people in
the humbler walks of life, people
whom history never seeks to mention
So he chooses the poor Jew rather
than some (glorious?) soldier or some
brilliant king4.
The old sage sees compensations In
being old:
The  last of life for which the flrst
was made;
Our times are in his hand
Who salth A whole I planned;  youth
shows but half.   .   .   .
Then welcome each rebuff
That turns earth's smoothness rough.
Each sting that bids nor sit nor stand
but go.
Be our joy three parts pain,
Strive, and hold cheap the strain;
Learn,  nor account  the  pang;  dare,
never grudge the throe.
Fcr thence, a paradox
Which comforts while It mocks—
Shall life succeed In that lt seems to
What I aspired to be,
And  was  not,   comforts  me;
A brute I might have been, but would
not sink In the scale.
Youth ended, I shall try
My bain or loss thereby;
Leave the fire ashes, what survives Js
And I shall weigh the same,
Give life its praise or blame;
Young, all lay in dispute, I shall know,
being old.
So, still within this life,
Though lifted o'er its strife,
Let me discern,  compare,  pronounce
at last,
"This rage was right In the main,
This acquiescence vain;
The future I may face, now I have
proved the past."
As it was better, youth
Should strive, through acts uncouth
Toward making, than repose on aught
found made;
So, better, age exempt
From strife, should know, than tempt
Further.    Thou   waitedst  age;    wait
death nor be afraid.
Not on the vulgar mass
Called "work" must sentence pass,
things done, that took the eye and
had the price
O'er which from level stand,
The low world laid Its hand,
Found straightway to its mind, could
value in a trice,
But all the world's coarse thumb
And finger failed to plumb,
So passed tn making up the main account;
All instincts Immature,
All purposes unsure,
That weighed  not as  his work,  yet
swelled the man's amount;
Thoughts hardly to be packed
Into n narrow act,
Fancies that broke through language
and escaped;
Alt I could never be,
All, men Ignored in me,
Thts, I was worth to God, whose wheel
the pitcher shaped.
Such is the wisdom of the poor old
Jew, one of the despised. Such Is the
poet's philosophy. The poem can become a great help to the individual;
f among the workers' treatment such as
I have described of a serious, social
problem, did much harm in the district to the liberal cause, and a feverish and frantic attempt is now being
made under a new president to gather
in the thoughtful by the distribution
of clay pipes and cheap tobacco.
O, Spirit of Simple Simon, surely
you can at last rest in peace ln the
comforting knowledge that you are
not now alone on the barren summit
df mount simplicity. But, that the
thinkers of the liberal party are not
Influenced by the thought and actions
of the underworld of liberalism is
proved by the fact that at a recent
conference of nurses, a prominent government official justified that resolution by telling them that a medical
Insurance act was necessary, and must
soon be put Into practice.
I am going to try to still further justify that resolution, which was passed
In an endeavor to salvage In part the
deplorable human wreckage of our
times. One of the most significant
facts in the sooial Ufe of the present
day Is the ever-increasing number of
associations founded to combat the
encroachments of disease, which
threaten in the not distant future to
invole the whole human race in disaster. The tubercular, the crippled, the
subnormal, the venereal and the mentally afflicted, to say nothing of the
host of minor associations, all testify
to the abnormal condition into which
the human race Ib fast developing.
These organizations such as the Klwa-
nis, the Rotary Club and many women's associations, animated by the
true altiuisttc spirit, are doing admirable work, and the founders must be
honored for their efforts. But surely
It fs now time that this condition of
things should be regarded from a
national standpoint, and an effort
made to get at the cause of the evil,
and a system of prevention Inaugurated.
In tho bestial struggle for existence,
which man' has not yet learned to eliminate or modify by a system of universal human co-operation in place of
the savage competitive one under
which we now suffer, the health of a
nation ls as vital to Its success as is
the health of the individual in that
struggle. And as I said before, this
problem will very soon have to be
faced from a national standpoint.
Thfkt our present government is
alive to the seriousness of the prevailing conditions, will be evidenced by
aH who will take the trouble to ascertain that which it has already done
as regards goitre, tuberculosis and the
venereal diseases, and this work stands
in capital letters to their credit.
One thing Is certain; if any real
success Is to accrue to man's efforts
In this tragic flght with disease, the
sticking-plaster methods must be supplanted by preventative methods, organized on a national basis.
As It affects all classes of society,
all classes must organize in the attempt to combat it.
I would like to draw, your attention
to one Item In the annual report, recently issued, of the provincial board
of health.
In the part dealing with the results
obtained at the medical examination
of the school children, I note the following: Trail (central), number examined, 600: Malnutrition, 134; defective Vision, 133; defective hearing,
8; adenoids, 100; enlarged tonsils, 277;
defective teeth, 251; enlarged glands,
53; goitre, 233; anamiia, 69; acne, 4;
cardiac, 20; eczema, 2; bletharlts, 3;
orthopaedic, SO; a total of 1367.
Six hundred examined, and one
thousand three hundred and sixty
seven indications of disease—that is
about two and one-ninth for each
child. Appalling human wreckage of
young organisms which normally
should be In a perfect condition.
It Is not to be supposed, of course,
that these 1367 symptoms are all serious ones. Undoubtedly, with proper
treatment, the majority of them could
be eliminated. But try and imagine
the suffering and premature death
they will entail if they are neglected
will be a great help as long as life
holds    rebuffs   and   disappointments, j and allowed to develop, and rest as-
which no doubt will always be. | sured that under the present condi-
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 8 p.m.
The "Nada " Frock
For the Smart College Girl, Business
or Sport Wear
CO NEW, so entirely different and ao youthful-
*J looking are theae frocks that one cannot imagine
them not being favorably accepted by young women
who seek truly smart fashions,
Developed In flne all-wool crepe and trlcotlno, in brown,
•and, navy blue or putty -hades, the models display
Peter Pan or sailor collars, plain or pleated skirts, long
Hleeves, nnd can be had with or without patent leather
belle. Some of the Jumper-like jackets are in semi-Norfolk
styles, some are straight and plain, relieved by employing effective large Tjow-tie at collar. You must see the
"Nada" frock to appreciate its smartness. We assure
you   that   the   models   are    exceptionally   attractive	
—Diyidito', Oernent Shop, Third floor
676 OranviUe Stnet
Phone Seymonr 8640
tlons, many of them will be allowed
to so develop.
Read the whole of the results of
that medical examination, furnished
in the'report, and you will be appalled. Surely the time ls ripe for a national movement, to study the cause of
such a state of things; to Inaugurate
a system of action, and save the nation from the decay which threatens
Is not a Medical Insurance act,
drawn up by the cream of our medical profession, and dealing with the
prevention of disease, as well as its
cure, the first essential ls auch an undertaking? There can be but one
answer to such a question,
' Sale of Sample Garments at
"Famous" Is Big Hit
JUDGING from the number of garments
Bold dally, and the pleased remarks of
customers, this salo of manufacturers'
samples ls about tbe biggest success we
over made. The sale continues, with
values oven greater than before.
Famous l^-%.
THOSE magic boots of old—the seven-
league boots—wero the wook ot an
Imaginative mind. Who could ever expect tu walk seven leagues ln a single
The story of Ihe seven-league boots WM
written In the lays of long before the
present time with Its great possibilities.
These days there Is no need for snch
wonderful steppers. There Is the telephone. It is no effort now to talk a
hundred times seven leagues. The world
Is virtually at one's door. This age of
wonderment ls based, too, on imagination,
but it is imagination plus practical experiment and great development
HATB yon ev er had a real drink
or Pure Apple GJier daring the
Inst few years?
To meet the deslrei of many clients,
we hav* Introduced recently a pnre clear
sparkling apple elder la pint bottles,
either pnre sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple older. These drinks
are absolutely pnre and free from all
carbonic acid gaa or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 90.
Older Hanafsctoran
1955 Commercial Drlvt, Vucnnr, B, 0,
Rlnf ap Pbone Seymour IIM
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
Snit*   wi  Dominion   Building
VANCOtnrBR, B. a
1180 thorn* stnet
a, ____*' 'I"1?"'.u *•"• **0 1»0 P.".
nuuM. achool lmnedlalelr followln,
22J|«; *."■**■ v__***i*T lee-\-li
Ool^ __J_Ut.'n*   "*"»  *****
B* I. Harmon
nana lUrams M ^
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Place to Eat"
of the golden grain
brewed into a sparkling
took drink at B.C.'s
model brewery.
Inritl on "Caocade" at tha
Government liquor Store and
gat satisfaction.
Tbii advertisement is not published or di_
played by tbe Liquor Control Board or by th
Oovernment of British Columbia.
THE UNION BANK OF CANADA, with its chain
.a of branches across Canada, and its foreign connections, offers complete facilities for taking care
of the banking requirements of its customers, both
at home and abroad.
"Diogenei" of tha Vaneoaver Dally Provinoe
Prioe, Oloth $1.50; Paper, fl.00 [FBIDAT May   9,   1924
sixteenth YEAR.  no. is BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
Dental Costs'
Are Less Here
a lifetime of dental training, study and
experience enable me to work thoroughly and skilfully, with the utmost economy ln every
stage of the work.
Notwithstanding my low fees, quality and efficiency are
not sacrificed In tbe least degree Estimates gladly given
—without obligation to yon.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Foraerlr Hunter ol tk* r_o_.tr ol tkt Oollw ol
Doatlitry, Unlrmlty ol Southern OsUlorsia: Ue*
tnnr oa Crown and Blidgowork; denonttntor on
Platowork and Opontlro Dentlitry, Loenl aad
General Anaeetbesln.
002 Hastings Streot West
Phono Soy. 8331
Conor Soymonr
Buk ol Son Scotia B_Udl_«
Hoan:   0 to S.    Opon Wednesday ifloraooni.
Breninss ky appointment
I specialise In
the dental plate
ot perfect comfort and utility.
It succeed-where
outers have
Organic Evolution
Relief of Unemployed
The estimated cost of the relief of
.the able-bodied unemployed In Scot-
Jj'land ln the financial year ending May
■ 15, 1924, was £1,200,000. By closing
[the gap ln unemployment benefit the
| government has relieved the pariah
councils of £322,000 of this expenditure.—William Adamson, M. P.
•In fhe Flavor Sealing: Tin"
Best $2.50
Glutei not prescribed nnleoe ab*
lolntely neeemr-f. Examinations
made br iradnate Breollbt Specialist!. Bltillocllon gnerenteed.
Wo irlnd onr owa lentet. Lenin
duplicated by nail.
Optical House ~
(Former], Brown Optical Home)
Be  eare ol  Ibe  addreee—Abore
Woolwortk'o Store, near
Salts 36, Dull Clumber.,
Pkcne Bay. 1011
Vanconver Unions
Heete leeond Mondty la tbo montk.   Fro.
Ident, J. R. Whito; eeoretanr.* B. H. Keel
elt. P. O. Boa 66.
1 819 Pender St. West—Bnelness meetinsl
Wedneedej*   erenlnf.     A.   Hnolnab,
 un; B. H. HorrUon, eea-treae.; Oeo.
., Hnrrieon, _18_ Parker Street, Vaneoaver,
, O., eorreepondlng eecretarr.
'An, dUtrlct In BrltUk Solnmbla deelrlni
iormatlon re securing speakers or tke lor.
etloa ol looal branchee, klndlr oommnalcats
ith Prorlnclel Secretarj J. tsyus Tolford,
I* Blrke Bldg., Vanconrer, & O. Tol.*
tone Seymonr 1898, or fat-moat 4988*
1 "cond Thnredar every month In Holdon
tiding.   Preeldent, J. Brightwoll* tnuclal
rettry, H. A. Bowron, 828—llth Avenne
J Boilemekers, Iron Shipbuilder! and Help.
Is of America, Local 194—Meetings first
ltd third Mondays ln eaeh montb In Holden
landing. Preaident, P. Willis; secreUry, A.
wer.   Offloe hours, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6
*_ |	
.bricklayers or masons lor boUer works,
* , or marble letters, phone Bricklayers'
on, 811 Holden Building.
10   EMPLOYEES   UNION—HeeU   firet
i third Frtdaya ln osok montk. at 445
trda Street.    Prealdeat, David Cuthlll,
, Albert Street; seoretarytreasorer, Oeo.
•loon, 1168 Parker Street.
tir-ri.v*-, --W- ____—  
of Steam and OperaUng, Local 88a—
.»t. every Wedtteeday at 8p.m, Boom
1*6 Holden Bldg. Presldsnt, Obarles Prloo;
1.loess agent and finanoial eecretary. »• "
lent;  rocordlng aeoretary, J. T. Vena.
'THE GOSLINGS," a study of the
American schools, by Upton Sin'
clalr, author of "The Brass Check/
"The Profits of Religion," etc. Published by Upton Sinclair, Pasadena,
California; cloth, |2; paper, $1.
(Continued from page 1)
"The Goslings"—-Is a magnificent
literary production which everyone
should read. It contains irrefutable
facts about the schools of the U. S.
shrewdly presented at onee easily un
derstood by the most casual reader.
This splendid work of research is de
finite awf sound to the core. Every
student of political economy should
get lt, and digest it. It succinctly de
scribes how the "invisible government" of big business dominates the
educational system of the United
States, and is applicable to other capitalistic countries as well. Dr. Tilds-
ley, district superintendent of the
public school system of New York,
says: "I do not know any school system of the United States which is run
for the benefit of the children. They
are all run for the beneflt of the
'Rang'.'"' Mr. Sinclair in this book,
tells you, "who owns the schools and
why," In a manner that Ib startling in
the extreme. Capitalism owns the
schools body and soul ln Svery section
of America, and the educational system Is only modified to suit the requirements of local capitalists. The
author also answers the question:
"Are your children getting education,
or-propaganda? and what propaganda?" "The Goslings" has a real literary and historical value, because of
Its very comprehensiveness. There
are 444 pages of reading matter In
the book. The chapters are brief and
interesting from beginning to end, and
.takes you behind the scenes of that
"invisible government" which now
rules everything American as well as
the schools. A study of the schools
of Los Angeles, New York, Chicago
and other large cities is both melodramatic and humorous. There is
also a survey of the school situation
from the viewpoint of teachers and
pupils. The whole book abounds with
the noblest of human sentiments and
brands the history of our own times
as an era of infamous rascality.
Floyd Dell writes the author thus:
"If you had done nothing else, if you
left on]y this book as your literary
monument, readers of a future age
would know that here was a spirit like
Voltaire'B, like Swift's, like Frances.
. . . It is one of the books that
mark an epoch."
Preildent, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Fireball;
cretary, 0. A. vTetaea, No. » FUyh-aU
UNION, Looal 145, A. T. ot M .—Meets at
»* Hall. Homer Stroot, aeooad Bandar,
10 a*. Preildent, Knott 0. Miller. BOI
iioa Stroot; secretary, Edwntt Jamleten,
I NeUon Stroeti financial looNtary, W. E,
LiUlami, 981 Nelion Stroot; orgaaiier, P
Etcher, 891 Nelion Street.
, 0.—Meeting nights, Int Taoaday and Srd
Iridey ot each month ok headquartera, Sll
[irdova Stroet Weit. Preildent, X>. CHllei-
te; Tloo'preoldint, John Johnaon; aooretary-
hiiwnrer, Wm. Donaldson, addreaa SIS Oor
>va Street Weit.   Branch agent's addroao;
wrgo Faulkner; STS Joluuon Street, Vie-
U, B. 0.	
[ployeei, Pioneer Dlrlilon, No. 101—Hoots
, P. Holt, Eighth andl Klagaway, lit and
Kd Hondayi at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pro*
lent, F. A. Hoover, 3409 Clarke Drlvo;
cording leorotary, F. E. OriHn, 447—6th
e. Eut; treaaurer, A F. Andrew; flnan-
1 aooretary aad bnalneu agent, W, H. Cot-
U, 166—17th Ave. W. OBce, oonor Prior
i Main Streets. Phono Talnnont 45Q4T
HON—MooU at 091 NeUon Street, at 11
oa tho Tueiday preceding tho lit Sua*
Ket the month.   Pmldent, E. A. Jamie*
991 NeUon St.; Secretary, 0. H. WU-
mi, 991 NeUon Btj Buiineu Agent,   F.
aher, 991 NeUon Bt.	
>doat, R. P. Pettipiece: vle*pretldeat. J.
' Bryan; aecrotarr-treeiarer, R. H. Nee-
la, P. 0. Bos 60. Heeta laat Sanday ef
-h moath at 9 p.m. la Holden Building, 10
wtingi Street Eaat.
Not Unselfish
For my own part, I will put up with
this state of things, passively, not an
hour longer. I am not an unselfish
person, nor an evangelical one; I have
no particular pleasure in doing good;
neither do I dislike doing lt so much
as to expect to be rewarded for it in
another world. But I simply cannot
paint, nor read, nor look at minerals
nor do anything else I like, and the
very light of the morning has become
hateful to me, because of the misery
that I know of, and see signs of, where
I know it need not be, and which no
imagination can Interest too bitterly.
—John Ruskin.
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
______      RUPERT       TYPOGRAPHICAL
Iunion, HoydS-PmWyt, s.^"JJ
Another shipment of Oreb
Work Boots, at $4.95 has
just eome in.
Black outing lace Boots, with
.rubber soles—
Men's   11,70
Boys'  11.45
Youth's     fl.SO
r Oome ln and sev our prioes
on   sample   Outing   Shoes
Men's bib Overalls, good weight.
Black, or blue and white
stripe.   Saturday   fl.SO
Brill Caps for men—
 KM and »2.50
Boys' Tweed Pants 88c
Arthur Frith ft Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings
Hats, Boots and Shoes
Botwoon 7th asd Oth avraau  .
Phone, Fairmont 14
in those early days must have been
much too high for life, as we now
know,It, to exist upon it.        -!
Our globe, then, must once have
been as lifeless as the other planeta or
our sun, with their higher temperatures, are said to be.
It matters hot which of the views
we hold respecting .the origin of our
cosmos; whether It be the product of
condensing, gaseous matter as the nebular theory teaches, or, as the more
modern view advocates, of accretions
and aggregations of meteoric bodies
such as we know to be roaming
through space and which are calculated to fall upon our earth at the rate
of ten millions of tons per annum; in
either case, on the evidence of the
condition of our own sun and the outer
planets, our earth was onoe too hot for
life to exist here.
Such being the case the question
now arises: Did life, then, spring spontaneously upon our globe, aB some
Mechanists believe, and Is lt confined
to thla earth; or did it originate elsewhere; and ls It found on other bodies
ln space?
There questions are not so easy to
determine and scientists hold different opinions concerning them.
The eminent French astronomer,
Flamarion, who has made a life-long
study of Mars—the planet of our system whose conditions approximate
most closely to our own—does not
doubt for a moment that life in some
form or other has existed and still
exists on Mars; and If on one body in
space then why not on others?
It would seem from our knowledge
of Ufe that the question is one of conditions more than of anything else,
And out of the myriads of floating
spheres that exist in space some must
have passed, or be passing, through
those phases of evolution which are
analogous or similar to those-on our
own sphere.
But supposing Ufe did exist on other
bodies in space have we therefore,
any grounds for thinking that it must
be of the same nature as Ufe on our
own; and could it be conveyed from
them to us? Might they be the proxi
mate source of our earth Ufe?
In regard to the first question, we
have learned that every life-form we
know—no matter how complex or how
different Its form, whether lt be an
elephant or a mouse, an oak-tree or
an onion, a monkey or a man—begins
Its existence ln the same way. Each
starts from a tiny microscopic cell or
speck of protoplasm, which in its earliest and simplest form is the same in
the one as ln the others, though their
potentialities and forms are later to
become so different.
It is not unreasonable, therefore, to
conclude from this fundamental fact
that Ufe wherever found must, in Its
lowest terms, be the same everywhere
though its fully-developed forms may
vary indefinitely. Insofar, then,
the life conditions on other heavenly
bodies differ from those on this earth,
so may their organic forms differ from
But this does not necessarily mean
that life anywhere throughout our
universe is different In its essential
nature. In this respect It must be
the same everywhere, even if it has
appeared spontaneously and Independently on every celestial body that
contains and manifests it.
But has it so appeared spontaneously on every sphere oh which it may
exist? Is lt necessary for us to think
this? Could it not have been transported from one body to another
across space? Is this possible? Could
life not have come to us, for instance,
from some other sphere?
Concerning these questions Helm
holtz, one of our greatest scientific
thinkers, reasoned thus: "It seems to
me a perfectly Just scientific procedure
if, after the failure of all our attempts
to produce organisms from lifeless
matter, we put the question, whether
life has a beginning at all, or whether
it is not as old as matter itaelf; and
whether seeds have not been carried
from one planet to another and have
developed everywhere where they
have fallen on fertile soil."
And the famous Danish physicist,
Arrhenius, adopting this suggestion of
Helmholtz, which Is known as the
"Panspermia theory," has combined
with it the fact of "radiant pressure'
and made lt appear aB a reasonable
and plausible hypothesis.
He takes the stand that the uni
verse in fts essence has always been
what it ls now; that the three great
principles or entities—matter, energy
and life—have through the ages only
varied in their form and position In
space but have never been absent
from It.
Arguing thus he sets out to show on
scientific grounds that this idea of
Helmholtz, of seeds floating about in
space and passing from one world to
another, is a wholly reasonable and
even probable hypothesis; and the
agency he Invokes to bring about this
condition of things is the principle of
radiant or light pressure.
It will be necessary to make a little
digression here and to wander a short
way into the realm of physics, in' order that It may become clear how this
agency* could accomplish the task of
transporting life-seeds through the Infinite meadows of space.
Under the most widely-accepted
teaching of modern science "light"
consists of waves ln the ether of space
—waves of electric and magnetic disturbance, microscopic ln length. (The
"length" of a wave Is the distance between the crest of one wave and the
next following.)
It has been calculated that strong
sun-waves, such as summer sunlight,
Tailing perpendicularly against
black or absorbent surface, exerts a
pressure of rather less than one two-
200 degrees C. for six months without
destroying their germinating power
As far then as the cold of Inter*
planetary space is concerned the Panspermia theory encounters no insuperable difficulties in this direction;
rather, Indeed, does the low tempera-
hundred thousandth of a gramme on.'tu.re of.«»M facilitate and make pos-
square inch, or about two and a
half pounds on a square mile. An ordinary light-wave Is abotu one fifty
thousandths of an Inch long. They
follow each other, therefore, very
quickly. A train of waves acts like a
spiral spring; they contain energy, and
the more they are compressed, the
more energy is put into them.
The pressure of light being relatively so small we' cannot expect to
detect any .effects from it on the large
bodies of our solar system. The whole
pressure of light, for example, falling
upon the earth would, If none were deflected but all absorbed, (which never
happens) amount only to about 74,000
tons weight, a wholly negligible quar-
ttty when the bylk of the earth ls
considered. This ls calculated by taking the energy of the sunlight at the
distance of bur earth (some 90,000,000
of miles) as 2.6 calories per minute
per square centimeter. This ln comparison with the gravitational pull of
the sun on the earth—a force 47 millions of millions times as great—is as
nothing. Yet, notwithstanding, this
small pressure of radiant energy it has
a very real force of ttt own given the
conditions proper to Its action. Its
efficacy or power is dependent upon
the mass of the body acted upon. It
Increases proportionately with the diminishing size ofthe body; whereas
the gravitational force as we know,
increases In the opposite direction. It
can easily be seen, then, that a time
must come when these two opposing
forces may just equalize each other
in their action on some floating particle of matter. When this happens,
and the body acted upon by these two
forces falls below the balancing point
in size, then the light-pressure will
exceed the gravitational pull and the
particle will be thrust off Into space,
We may sometimes see an example
of this in the movements and relative
positions of a comet's tail. The tail,
which is composed of infinitesimal particles of matter, is often seen to
stretch out at some angle from the
comet's line of motion on the side
farthest from the sun; and sometimes
it may be observed to be travelling
ahead of the comet Itself more like a
flaring horn than a tail. All these
strange movements are caused by the
pressure of the sun's rays upon the
particles composing the comet's tall,
If there are dust particles, then, in
the solar system one one-hundred
thousandths of a centimeter across
and not much denser than water, they
would thus be driven by the pressure
of the sun's rays right out of our
system into outer space.
Now we know that some organisms
are so infinitesimal In size that they
lie quite beyond the powers of our
finest microscopes to discover them.
We know of their existence and presence only by the effects they produce
In other organisms; and as we have
no grounds for limiting the smallness
of a floating spore or life-germ, and
our atmosphere is full of all kinds of
them, given the proper conditions
It might easily become subjected to
radiant pressure and be carried anywhere throughout space.
In this way life might conceivably
have reached our globe from some
other body and have found lodgement
here when Its surface-heat had fallen
low enough for life-germs to maintain
their existence. This maximum, as
we have seen is about 85 degrees Centigrade scale or about 185 degrees
Fahrenheit, that is 27 degrees below
boiling point.
We know of only one organism that
can withstand so high a temperature
and carry on its functions, This is a
species of alga, one of the lowliest and
simplest of our life-forms, and probably a descendant of one of the earliest that existed in the dawn-days of
This organism seems to thrive best
ln some of our hot springs where the
temperature rises as high as 85 degrees Centigrade. We know of no
other living form that can survive for
any length of time In such a temperature and under such conditions.
It is true the spores or germs of
certain bacteria will withstand temperatures exceeding 100 degrees Cen
tigrade; but that Ih because the albumin in the spore is very dry and is
encased in a highly-resistant covering
or shell which is able to withstand for
some time the action uf the heat upon
Its contents. But no functioning organism could undergo such temperatures and continue to exist.
Granting, theu, the plausibility of
the Panspermia theory; and that life-
germs in the form of spores may thus
be transported across space from
one body to another by radiant pressure—and as we have said,
their size would not seem to preclude
this possibility, for we know of spores
of microscopic bacteria less than
3|2,500ths of a millimeter in length
and half this in width; therefore the,
spores of the ultra-microscopic organisms could scarcely, if at all, exceed
the size of those particles of matter
that fall under the influence of radiant
pressure—we have but to flnd an answer to the further question: Can a
life-germ thus transported maintain
Its life or germinating power on Its
long Journey without injury from the
sun's rays or from the cold of interplanetary space?
Arrhenius thinks that an affrma-
tive answer may be given to these
questions. He says botanlBts are generally of the opinion that it cannot he
killed by light rays in their wanderings through Infinite space. And as
for the effects of cold it has been
proved at the Jenner Institute ln London that some spores will maintain
their germinating power after being
kept In liquid hydrogen nt a temperature of minus 252 degrees C. And
Prof. Macfadyen has shown that certain micro-organisms mny be kept in
i liquid air at a temperature of minus
slble the transference of life-germs
from one part of space to another.,
without serious deterioration or loss
of germinating power.
In the same way it ls claimed that
the known destructive effects of sunlight upon certain micro-organism
would be minimized In Interplanetary
space by its greater feebleness there.
These spaces are also absolutely dry.
and this would have a favorable effect, too, upon the life of the germ.
Granting, then, suoh a transportation of life-germs as the Panspermia theory postulates—which the
fact of light-pressure or radiant energy seems to make possible—It
would appear to be quite within the
bounds of possibility for a life-germ
to have reached our earth ln its early
history and to have given rise, under
the working of those biological laws
we considered in the seoond article,
to ths varied life-forms which have
since appeared here.
We have the choice, therefore, of
the two views respecting the advent
of life on our globe. We may prefer
to think of life as appearing on this
earth directly from Its primal source
wherever and whatever that may be;
ir we may hold with Arrhenius that
It has probably come to us from some
Intermediate source such as soms
other planetary body in space,
According to him life may have
been transported In this manner for
eternal ages from solar system to
solar system. If this should be eo,
then it follows as a natural corollary
that all organic beings throughout the
whole universe are related to one another and would therefore, like ourselves and the other life-forms on the
globe, consist of cells built up like our
own chiefly of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. Life, therefore, on
the other planets that are ln a condition to harbor and support it, has
probably developed, he thinks, along
lines similar to those on our own
globe, Just as every Individual organ-
Ism here has In its own life-course
passed through and recapitulated,
however briefly and slightly, all the
decisive or crucial stages of evolution,
taken by its ancestors from the single
cell stage up to Its own many-celled
The acceptance of either of these
views does not, of course, settle what
ls to some the greatest question of all
—the question of the ultimate source
of life. But those who would find an
answer to this question must seek lt
apart from science. It Is one into the
consideration of which from its very
nature science cannot enter. That is
the province of Metaphysics.
We may bring this article to a close
by pointing out that our consideration
of the origin of life on our globe has
brought nothing to light that in any
way makes the doctrine of organic
evolution Impossible to hold—rather
has it given support thereto. In the
next article we will consider briefly
the age of our globe and thus inclden
tally also learn something of the age
and flrst appearance of the life-germs
upon Jt,
(To be continued)
You Can Buy a
Hoover Now
tr aura... em
~T" $4,50
can pay in monthly in-
_____________     staUments of $625. This
offer is good for this month only. Every housekeeper can use a Hoover to advantage—it saves
time and labor—because it beats as it sweeps as
it cleans. Three features at one time—something no other vacuum sweeper can do. These
are housecleaning days—let us show on one of
the rugs in your home the wonderful help a
Hoover can be to you. $4.50 cash puts it in the
home and $6.25 monthly quickly pays the
Demonstration Booth, Main Floor.
l)tta#0n>TW (lamiuMtt $&
6 iweoMowtKo— WV an am iere      \\ *^   WT^JW
Political Power
(Continued from page 1)
The Bankers Panacea
[O. L. C] "~
JOHN F. SINCLAIR, American author, banker and economist, says:
"Kill this war business, in which there
has been so much traffic and intrigue
that even bankers themselves have
been fooled," He also said; "Six
hundred millions of dollars per month
is an impossible sum to be paying In
interest charges."
Free trade, brought about gradually, disarmament, ditto, a 15-year moratorium all over the world, a shifting of America's golden surplus, and
a line of credit by J, Bull and Uncle
Sam to the bnnkrfupt nations, is the
cure for the ills of the world. Suppose all these changes are made, what
then? Is free-trade Britain any bettor
off than high-tariff United States, or
vice versa?
Then this shifting of gold, sending
it to Europe (nt interest, of course),
for the Europeans to send baek to
buy American goods! Better bury it
and send the good* nlong without it.
The Interest would flow hack Just thc
Where is the difference between
sending over the gold nnd extending
a line cf credit to thc poor bankrupt
nations? There is very little unless it
Is that the latter plan enables profiteering—war business—to a large extent, perhnps It Is better than mere
interest, even if compounded.
$600,000,000 per month. "Impossible"—It ls quite believable.   How Is
moratorium to remove the Impossibility? It is refreshing to flnd a
banker so candid. Perhaps he forgot
that he was speaking In public. Let's
■have another took at that heap of dollars. Six hundred millions Interest
means the world Is in debt some ten
twelve billions, and undoubtedly
cannot pay It. So they pay Interest.
When the Interest Ib due, the world is
stilt 'broke, and issues bonds and assumes a new burden of Interest, nnd
so the procession keeps up. Thc
banker has a proposition very much
like the little boy with the cat in the
If wiping out the dobts for fifteen
years, etc., Is going to rebuild the
world's Industrial machine, as hoped
for by Mr. Sinclair, where would we
be then? Is the machine any good,
when rebuilt? Has Its past perform
ance been such as to justify its retention? World conditions in 1913—prewar conditions, resulting from thc
operations of the Industrial machine,
say no, most emphatically. Scrap the
junk, get an entirely new outflt
produce for use not for profit.
Snowden tackled the late Hon. Joseph
Chamberlain on his tariff reform question, he impressed the workers that
he knew more about tariffs and taxation than any other working man,
and from the workers' standpoint. As
I write this, I see from the dally press
that he has presented his first budget.
Is it not time that we Had a labor
chancellor of the exchequer in Can
Just a word to the doubters as to
the truth of my statement about the
old political parties. Let me advise
them to attend some of their meetings
and hear what they have to propose
for the benefit of thc workers, and listen what they say about each other,
and lf they can't disgust any reasonable, sensible workingman or woman,
I don't know what can. After attending such meetings, come to some of
the labor meetings, and if you have a
heart inside of you that Is still beating, you wilt throw In your lot with
us and help us, join ln our ranks and
we can march along In our thousands,
and when the old political parties hear
our tramp tramp, they will begin to
understand their days are numbered.
Think lt over, and don't leave lt to
George to do.
Rights of Labor—Abraham Lincoln
It Ib assumed that labor Is avail*
able only in connection with capital:
that nobody labors unless somebody,
else owning capital somehow, by usoj
of it Induces him to labor. This assumed, it is next considered whether
It Is best that capital shall hire laborers and thus induce them to work by
their own consent, or buy them and
drive them to it without their consent. Having proceeded so far,
it is naturally concluded that!
alt laborers are either hired
laborers or slaves. More, there la
no such relation between oapital
and labor as here assumed. Labor la
prior to and Independent of capital.
Capital Js only the fruit of labor, could
never have existed if labor had not
flrst existed. Labor Is the superior of
capital, and deserves much the higher
Walter Whiteside at the Orpheum
Another great dramatic treat Is in
store for Orpheum patrons on Friday
and Saturday, May 16 and 17, when
Walker Whiteside presents his thrilling oriental drama "Mr. Wu." The
engagement provides for evening performances Friday nnd Saturday, with
a popular-priced matinee on Saturday
afternoon. "Mr. Wu" has created a
furore in the States, critics declaring
that Mr. Whiteside's long career has
contained no character more subtle
or difficult than lhat of Wu Ll Chang,
a Chinese mandarin. "Mr. Wu" Is n
drama In three acts by H. M. Vernon
and Harold Owen. In nn intense and
gripping manner it portrays the story
of the powerful mandarin's fiendish
revenge upon nn English family, following the betrayal of his daughter.
A large cast of characters in involved
In the plot, but the centrnl theme is
maintained with the directness of an
ancient Greek play, nevor deviating
from the central thread. The chief
charm Is the restrained and quiet acting of Mr. Whiteside as "Mr. Wu," his
wonderfully rich baritone voice beating in cadence ns he intones the crafty
and fiendish details of his revenge, or
swelling In passion as he engineers
his schemes of ruin. The story ItBclf
is garnished but little. It Is Intensely
gripping and powerful, well staged,
and with the outstanding work of
Walker Whiteside, well sustained by;
the capable cast of supporting actors.
The Lawyer In Politics—He has
been too prone to play with points of
ordor and technicalities, and to debate
for the sake of debating, careless
whether the interests of the country
suffers or not.—Vnncouver Dally Province,
I'eople who jump to conclusions,
rarely alight on them.—Philip Gucd-
Our inequality materialises our upper classes, vulgarizes our middle
classes and brutalizes our lower
classes.—Matthew Arnold.
Oet your workmate to subscribe for
Ths Federatloniat.
Tenders for Painting Oity Hall
TENDERS will be received* by the undersigned up to Monday, May 12, 1924, al
I 2 p.m., for painting the outside of the City
Particular*   can    be   obtained   from   the
Building Inspector.
City Hall. City Cleric,
Vancouver, D. C, May 8, 1924.
Notice to Contractors
TENDERS will bo received by the under-
signed up to Tuesday, May 13. 1924, Ht
2 p.m. for tho paving of streets In the minify of C. N. R. and O. N. R- passenger sta-
limit-, Main street, with asphalt or concrete.
Form of tender, specifications and othor
particulate may bo obtained ut tho office of
tho City Kiikmii'it.
A -deposit of 5  per cent,  ot the  amount
must accompany each tender.
The lowest nr any tender not necessarily
City Clerk.
City Hail, Vancouver, R. C, May », 1924.
'I1!!!-', undersigned will receivo tenders up
I 1 to 12 o'clock Tuesday, May the iiftth
next, fnr the supply of auto motor engine
oils In ten or more barrel lots.
Tenderers to submit as near as possible
from what baao oil ia obtained, whether para-
fin or asphaltum.
Hamples for analysis to accompany tender.
Purchasing Agent,
City Hall, Vancouver. It. ('..
May 6th, 1U34.
THE undersigned will receive tenders up to
Monday noon. May 12 next, for ill
drug! required by the different departments *
of the city for a term of one year from date
ot contract.
Tender form can be obtained at my ofllce.
A marked cheque for the sum of $100 man
accompany tender.
Purchasing Agent.
City Hall, Vancouver, H. C, May 3, 1914.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BAuxram souoreofti. no.
401-401 HstrsfslttM BUMlag
T«ls»hMN; leyasw.MM aaMMT
Fresh Cat Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florfete' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co, Ltd.
_• Huting! Street Eut        2—STORES—2        Ht GnuirlUe Street
isej. oaa-oi*        "bay it with fi/qwers"        sej. Mii-uti PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY May   9,   1924
callous  to see
such  ii state of
Given Licenses by British Secretary for Chinese Affairs
in That Colony
No opportunity is ever missed to
show how debased the so-called "red"
In the labor movement is by our capl
talist press. We wonder what they
will have to say for the system they
uphold when they read the following.
Could anything be more humiliating?
Perhaps they are too
the evil lurking in
And talking about patriotism and
the British Foreign Missionary society, and how the British flag carries the seeds of Christianity and civilization lo the far corners of the earth
(which, of course, wo didn't), how
long is tho government of Hong Kong
to be allowed to run an official brothel
system? Iti a recent issue of the organ of the Anti-slavery Bociety there
wns published a oopy of a letter sent
by Ormsby Gore's secretary at the
colonial offlce, Downing street,
26th September last. Mr. Gore waa
.the colonial secretary, and in that let-
ter he admitted that there were 296
brothels in the Hong Kong colony.
Of these "seven are frequented by
Europeans." AU practising prostitutes are given licenses by the British
secretary for Chinese affairs _An the
government of Hong Kong, and the
system is Justified on the ground that
it keeps up "the standard of Chinese
family life." Here is a translation of
the licensed card:
j "Issued by the Hong Kong government. The British government has
for its main object the love of the
people. You prostitutes: your persons are your own. You can eome or
go away at liberty. If any extortion
or oppression is imposed on you, you
can report to the authorities, and you
will get your wrongs redressed.
"Note.—The above is handed over
to a prostitute on being passed. Her
photograph is mounted on a separate
card, on tho back of which are inserted the following:
Name of the prostitute	
No      Street      Floor..:...
Name of Brothel _	
Signature of Secretary for Chinese
Now, then, when are Ormsby Gore
and his friends going to make a noise
about "materialistic" Sunday schools?
He Manufactures The Evidence To Suit His Argument
Pass The Federatloniat along and
help get new subscribers.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents'are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Free from Taxes
Editor B. C. Federationist: Orson is
one of several towns in Sweden that
Is free from taxes, due to the fact that
the preceding generations planted
trees which yield revenue enough to
take care of the taxes! Many other
Swedish municipalities derive the
greater part of their public revenues
from community forests. There is no
reason nt all, other than lack of initiative on the part of the government,
why communities of a similar character in any Canadian province should
not be cflually provident.
Montreal, April 30th, 1924.
Minister of labor
Dr. Macnumara was not able to do
more in all the years that he held the
office of minister of labor than Tom
Shaw has been able to do in nine
weeks, says Neil Maclean, M. P.
If the real happiness of mankind is
to be saved and advanced in the twentieth century, the spirit of social peace
will have to prevail, as well as that of
world peace.—J. L. Garvin.
Tickets on Bale
MAY 15th to SEPT. 30th
Final Return Limit
OCT. 31st	
Tickets on Sale
MAY 22nd to SEPT. 15th
Final Return Limit
OCT. 31st
Canadian Nailonal Railways
Ask for
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
tbat will compare in quality with
■ ny of the fiunous imported
1 -ha, and at modi less cost to the
;  ;
. ma£m__m0!0st----&ttm0__^^
At all Gcmiuuail Teutons
to not pabUihed or diaf-jai far
the Liquor Control Beat*! or by Oo Owt-eiuiueat w
Not a Deterrent for Crime—Parliament Still the National
Vote on Bill to Abolish Capital
Punishment Far from
[By Lucy L. Woodsworth]
tfipNACTED LAW is the register of
national progress. What this
house decides on this measure will indicate to the world both the moral
and intellectual progress of this country. By our vote we are going to say
to the civilized world what o'clock it
is on the timepiece of our evolutionary
process." With these words, Mr. Irvine closed his address in support of
his bill to abolish capital punishment.
If the vote is a true indication, the
result is far from encouraging. Out
of a possible 235 votes, one 121 were
cast, and of these only 29 were In
favor of the bill. Not one conservative member, and only half a dozen
liberals stand listed under the "yeas."
Those who opposed the bill, and their
number includes the prime minister,
the minister of justice and the leader
of the opposition, expended their energies In. attempting to prove that
hanging deters man from killing his
fellow-men. Mr. Caldwell pointed out
that in any case, we should be ill-advised to abolish the death penalty just
at this time, when there seemB to be
wave of crime sweeping over the
country. "It would be like handing
them a reprieve in advance," said he.
This, the sponsor of the bill contended,
was a strong argument against -the
death penalty, since Its existence had
failed to prevent this wave of crime.
But It Is the case of those supporting the bill that I wish to present here.
Their argument developed along three
main lines.   First, that hanging is not
deterrent; secondly, that the murderer needs the psychologist and the
physician, not the gallows; thirdly,
that we need a regime of social and
educative effort that will in time make
crime an impossibility. With reference to the first, Mr. Irvine pointed
out that hanging has been abandoned
for all the petty crimes for which it
was Imposed in Great Britain in the
eighteenth century, because It has
proven itself hopelessly ineffective.
He called In the testimony of crlmi-
naloglsts and penologists—expert scientific testimony—to show that the
death penalty does not deter. Indeed,
he contended that lt haB no effect
whatever upon potential criminals.
These authorities show crime to be
due to two causes, heredity and environment, and neither of these, he
said, Is touched by the death penalty.
He quoted from the warden of Sing
Sing. "Social necessity Is the only
Justification for capital punishment.
Such social necessity does not exist,
because the figures show that capital
punishment does not cut down the
ratio of homicides to population."
'If crime is of the nature of disease, as It is held by many criminologists to be," said the speaker, "then lt
should surely appear to the honorable
members an unpardonably stupid
thing to punish men for being diseased." He quoted the claim of the
physician of tho two men hanged In
London, Ontario, tho duy previous,
that one of them had the mentality of
a child four years old, and the other,
while mentally normal, had the morals of a child of four yeara. Surely It
Is apparent that these individuals were
Loggers and Surveyors
Made to Order
Our Specialty
Repairing  Neatly  Done
Phone, Seymour 936
incapable of being impressed by the
existence of the death penalty.
Hon. George P. Graham was clear-
cut In his support. I have yet to
learn, either from statistics, or from
arguments that it (the death penalty)
is a deterrent, much less, a preventative or murder. He pointed out,
did others, the difficulty of getting a
verdict of guilty from a jury. Hence,
he concluded, we are not as well protected as we would be by a life sentence.
But If Mr. Irvine stressed heredity
as the cause of crime, his supporters
developed the other cause he had
named—environment. More perhaps,
the most effective work was done by
quoting from the men who know intimately crime and criminals, the wardens of penitentiaries. Mr. Good
quoted from George W. Kirchwey, a
former warden of SInV Sing. "The
argument for the elimination of the
murderer as a menace to society is
founded on nn assumption which
every one who has an intimate knowledge of men convicted of murder
knows lo be baseless, namely, that
murderers are murderers by nature,
prone to kill, and that they constitute
a professional class like burglars, pick
pockets, robbers and the like. -,. .
Among the thirty men .whom I knew
in the death house at Sing Sing, and
the 200 or more who were "doing
life," I found only a half dozen who
seemed to "answer that description.
. . . Most of thc others seemed to
be of the type described by Sir Basil
Thompson^ the head of the British so
cret service (Scotland Yard), in his
recent work. "You have to be in
charge of a prison," he says, " in order
to realize that the murderer is rarely
a criminal by nature at all. But for
the grace of God, he is Just as you and
I, only more unlucky. Most murders
are committed without any deep laid
plot. . . . The murderer is repen-
tent and is planning only how he can
earn an honest living after he is discharged."
So much for the effort to establish
that the death penalty is not a deterrent, and that the criminal needs not
cruel, revengeful punishment, but segregation under skilled treatment.
One point remains—the constructive
side of the whole question. The following quotations will serve to Indicate the line followed:
Miss MacPhail—"If we ai'B going
really to reverence human life, we
must as a society, refuse to take it."
And again, when Mr. Hocken stated: "Since the war closed we have
had a series of the most unprovoked,
deliberate, cold-blooded murders that
ever disgraced civilization."
It was the woman member who
questioned: "Do not the honorable
gentlemen think that the reason for
such murders is that the war was simply an utter disregard for human life
on a large scale?"
Mr. Shaw pointed out that our retention of the death penalty keeps us
ln the position of being the national
hangman. He gave an apt quotation
from the source drawn upon by Mr.
Good. "If we are to eradicate, or
even appreciably modify the evil, we
must go to the reot ot the-matter, find
deep-lying causes, and eradicate them.
It Is not the murderer, but murder,
that Is our enemy. The primitive method of striking blindly in impotent
rage at the life of the offender tyas
had Its day, but It still obscures our
vision as to the real nature of our
problem. Mr. Bird, during the course
of n very thoughtful address, said
"As an expedient, I say It has had its
day. . . More than that, It ls
stultifying expedient. I believe that a
condition of society that pins Its faith
upon curing the criminal by killing
him will always have criminals to
kill. It Is the point of view that Js
wrong, and so long ns you have that
class, unenlightened individualism
that blinds you to your. Bocial obligations and makes you feel that you
stand apart from your fellow-men, you
will always havo a Bociety in which
thoro are criminals. That is the soil
out of which criminals spring; tho
lack of social obligation and the lack
of social sympathy. . . I argue for
tho bill, therefore, because I think it
will help tho Canadian people to re-
cogniz*? their social responsibilities,
and would induce us to remove those
conditions thnt create the criminal.
■ ■ I believe that in Canada at tho
present Ume there is a sufficiently
strong social sentiment to usher in instend a regime of social improvement
and of educative effort that will ln
time eradicate criminal conditions and
render orlmlnals just as Impossible as
the present antiquated method of
dealing with them Is out of date."
In view of the line of the debate,
the vote was most discouraging. One
cannot fall to be reminded of a sentence of Van Loon's In his story of
mankind. "The human mind iB slower than the proverbial turtle, Ib lazier
than the well-known sloth, and
marches from one hundred to three
hundreds years behind the small
group of courageous leaders,"
[By Tom Dickson, M. P., in Forward]
TTPON one thing socialists and anti-
*-* socialists are agreed: "Private enterprise," i. e., capitalism^ has made
this country what it is.
„ Capitalism controls industry, but it
is the community as a whole which
has to maintain the men capitalism
cannot employ.
Capitalism uses the worker when he
can produce proflt, but refuses to feed
him when his working dayB are done;
the community has to make jjjpod the
Capitalism gives us mangled bodies
from the factory, the workshop, nnd
the mine, and public benefaction has
to provide the infirmaries to heal
Capitalism controls the food supplies, but it Is the public rates which
pay inspectors to ensure that we are
not poisoned.
Capitalism and "private enterprise"
have given us the slums, the back
lands, and the sunless, airless hovels,
but from the common purse comes
the maintenance of hospitals nnd snn
Itorla to deal with the victims.
Capitalism empties its industrial refuse into the country's rivers and
streams, but It Is the community's
task to cleanse them.
Capitalism befouls the landscape
with ghastly mountains of rubbish,
and leaves gaping holes in the bosom
of mother earth in the search for coal,
and stone, and clay, but it is the purse-
strings of the general ratepayer that
must be unloosed to sweeten the desert places.
Capitalism pays wages that leave
children unshod, ill-clad, and underfed, and It Is the communal hand that
must tend them.
Capitalism, and its failure to meet
human needs, turns men to robbery
and theft, but the nation as a whole
must pay for police, and courts, and
Capitalism with its international
competitions and rivalries, leads to
wara and slaughters, but it Ib nation
l whole that pays the price in
treasure and In blood.
Is capitalism to have within the
ambit of Its operations only those activities which produce a proflt, and
the community to be confined to those
activities which are run at a money
loss—Is social enterprise merely to be
the scavenger, the ambulance-van,
and the general mess-cleaner, to private enterprise?
That ls the Issue bewteen the socialist and the antf-soclallat.
. Socialism
Socialism is much more than the
exposition of an Idea. It will never
succeed unless the idea is worked out
tn detail; Is applied to existing conditions and habits and Is used for the
purpose of changing the evils of today
Into conditions more ln conformity
with the Idea Itself. We must have
the larger vision, so that we not only
know how far short of the goal we
are, but that we may have the energy
to go on.—J. Ramsay Macdonald.
Patronlzo FederationiBt advertisers
WE are all through our alterations and ready for
business again. We invite you to come and see
what a nice new front we have.
Dr. Reed's Cushion Sole Shoes
Dr. Septic, $8,00.
Young Men's Oxfords, $5.50
Hen's Work Boots, $4.00.
Arrow Soft Collars for the
Day, 25^.
Jlatthew Tower's Soft Bosom
Shirts.   Saturday, 95^
J. B. Stetson Hats, $7.95.
Headlight Overalls, wear better than the other fellow's.
Suit—Special   for  Saturday,
Men's Worlc Gloves, pigskin,
Men's Oxford Pants, all-wool,
for Saturday $5.75
Men's Work Pants of good
quality, $2.00
ji 18 and 20 Cordova Street West
\ Branch:  412 Hastings Street W est
Purtnersliip or Paternalism
The president of the Baldwin Locomotive works, Mr. Samuel W. Vau-
clain, believes in a labor-management
partnership. He declares in the
World's Work that "the achievement
of that Is not a question of labor reform. People Bpeak sanctimoniously
of arriving at a state of partnership
l.n business ahd prattle about the bull-
ding of clubs, of gardens, stock distribution, of concert halls and motion
pictures. That isn't partnership and
nobody knows lt so well as the worker
who is supposed to believe it Is.   That
is paternalism of the very worst kind,
and none resents it so much as the
type of worker an organization is
most anxious to acquire."
To Save Turkey
I should like, without in the leasV
Interfering with Turkish subjects, ana*
merely as a friendly co-operator, to bo
able to save Turkey from the flnancla?
adventurer. Only a month or two ago,*
when I was tn Turkey, he was buzzing
about In every hotel.—Premier Ramsay Macdonald.
Aak (or OAITO'S.    For ale W all Government Liquor Stoics
Tin ttwtUoaut U ut p__1_i_od or dlipUjol tf tto I_t>ec Control Been et
_r t»> a*mn_M_.t ot Britiih OoluoMo
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
" McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed. Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Acquaint Your Fellow Workers
with Clean Labor Journalism
HAVE you friends to whom you would like The B. C. Federationist sent for a month, in order
that they may become acquainted with this upright, constructive weekly Labor paper?
If you have, send us their names and addresses, accompanied by Twenty oenta for eaoh monthly j
trial subscription.   Those whose names you send will be notified of your courtesy.   You may use
the coupon below, or write us.
Your Own Name..
Street Address v. City nnd Province...
Amount enclosed *
Please Send The B, 0. Federationist for One Month to:
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