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The British Columbia Federationist Oct 1, 1920

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AU Amendments to Con-
stittuion to Be Voted
on by Members
General Executive Board
to Have Control of
Tha O. B. U, convention whloh
*pened ln Fort Arthur' on Beptem-
b»r 20 closed on Friday 14th. Dele-
gatea wara Mated (rom Montreal In
lba aaat to Prlnoa Rupert. Tha
reoall provision, ot the constitution hare baan strengthened, and
Ib tutura all amandmanta to the
aonatltutlon will be lubfliltted to a
referendum TOte (er ratification.
Tha district torn o( organisation
WM adopted unanimously, and the
•ompnoa membership receipt Is-
•ued by lhe general exeoutlve board
will ha compulsory tor all branches
Ud units If the amended constitution ia approved by tha mamber-
An exeouttve oommlttee ot tive
waa eleoted, tha successful candidates being W. A. Pritohard, R. B.
Xnsaell, Woodward of- Winnipeg,
Alexander of Vancouver, and Chris.
tophera of the Crowa Neat Pass.
In view of the fact that Pritohard
and Ruasell are still In goal, alternates were elected. They are Naylor and Knight. Provision was also
made for Increasing the number of
Ihe exeoutlve members by a propoaed amendment to the constitution giving each district council or
hoard tha right to eleot one additional member to the executive
when the affiliated membership
reaches 1000.
Osaka, Japan—Induatrlal prosperity whloh prevailed during the
war period In the perfecture of
Osaka, of which thla city lathe cap-
Hal, la no more according to an official statement trom the perfecture.
At tha beginning ot August there
ware 11,217 without employment,
rhe alack period aet ln laat March,
and bids -fair, to continue for some
Ume to come; HOI workera were
dismissed In July. The population
of Osaka la 1113 waa 2,401,067.
Agreement Is' Conceded
As Victory for the
The agreement reached between
organised labor and .the operators
in the Italian metal industry "ia a
victory for the syndicalists," said
a message to the department of
commerce from Alfred P. Dennis,
.American commercial attache at
"Thare la corresponding discouragement on the part of the stockholders and high salaried leaders
•f Industry," said Mr. Dennis* cable
"It la generally apprehended by
capitalists that the principles of
this agreement will be extended ao
aa to apply to textiles and other industries.
"Participation of labor In the
eontrol of Industry aa now conceded amounts to giving workman a
voice ln financial and technical administration with facilities for as-
certanlng what profits are made
and how these profits are applied."
Four steamers which are to deliver medlcanta at Odessa, aays the
Moscow wireless, belong to the
Union of Sailors, which has placed
them at the disposal of the Italian
Institute of Co-operators exclusively for the dispatch of gooda to Russia. It ls proposed to have, regular
sailings between Odessa and Naples.
Junior Labor League Notice.
Owing to ether meetings being
held In tha Labor Party hall, Cor
dova atreet, tonight (Friday), the
Junior Labor League will be unable
to meet theft. Therefore tonlght'a
meeting (Educational), will be
held at ttt Eleventh avenue eaat
at T:t0 aharp.
To hear the anti-farmer politi'
clans talk these days ona might
think that the farmers had gone to
all the trouble of organising Just to
legalise the moral standards of the
Idle rich.
French Revolution Being
Forced By Trickery
of Diplomats
Paris, France—President Paul
Daachanel goea off the stage, broken, mind rambling. There are aome
who say that the prevailing order
In France Is like that moving along
galvanlcally, ready to stumble Into
the sea as Deschanel did lately into
a park lagoon—and perhaps not to
rise from the waters.
Disgust with the Deschanel government hu become widespread
among the workers ot France;
heavy taxes have been a goad, and
Ihey have many grievances agalnet
tha Inefficient and corrupt bureaucracy under Premier Millerland.
Then, there la great resentment beeause of the French diplomats In
lha Russo-Pollsh situation.
Bat the lesson offered by Russia
ta too freah tn the minds of the
Frenoh workers to allow a repetition of Kerensky's fiasco. The extreme revolutionists are too strongly Intrenched tn the railroad, metal
and construction trades, aa well as
among the publlo school teachers,
moat of whom are either Syndicalists or Communists.
Tha leaders of the next revolution ln Franca are In Jail today—
u were Trotsky and Madame Kol-
loatay when the time came for the
Bolshevik revolt ln Russia. But
Ihey are not forgotten, these leaden—Fernand Loriot and JMerre
Honatta—and prison door* havo
been broken down before In Franoe
to let thinkers Into the open streets. ]
Troops Murder and Burn
as Reprisals  in
(London Herald Cable to the Federated Press)
London—"It's quite simple. The
raids are reprisals. It may be ne-
ceasary to shoot half a hundred individuals there before order Is restored." Sir Nevll MacReady, mill-'
tary commander of Ireland, and in
charge of the "blaok and tan" contingent that raided Balbriggan, said
in an Interview with the correspondent of the Petit Parisien.
The little town In County Dublin
Is in ruins, and the natives whose
homes were destroyed by the 150
representatives of British law and
order are In flight. Public houses
were looted and burned. 28 homes
were burned to the ground, two
men were dragged from their
homes and buyonetted to death
against a wall. Some of the large
factories wero demolished,
The trouble started with the killing of tyspector Burke of the British police as he was leaving a restaurant ln Balbriggan. The shots
were flred from a crowd which had
gathered when Burke and his brother became involved ln a dispute
In the restaurant. The news of the
shooting quickly spread to Qerman-
town, the nearby station of the police and they descended on Balbriggan In ten motor trucks. All
the police were ln uniform. The
local Irish constabulary did not
Women's Co-operative Guild
meeta tn Council Chamber, city
hall, Thursday, October 7, at 8 p.m.
New Tork Socialists Expect to be
Re-elected in the Novcm-
' her Elections.
All Ave of the New Tork expelled assemblymen are candldatea
for re-election in November. It
was predicted that thoy will come
back with twenty more ln six
weeks. Old party leaders in New
York are hacking thia declaration.
They called the ouster stupendous
folly. Solomon, one of the expelled Socialists declared that the assembly's repudiation of the peaceful method of the ballot box left
open* only violent change, said "we
dilfrl with yi u Just aa Garrison
and Lovejoy differed with the slave
owners of that day. You have begun too late to stop socialism. Tou
can aay which way lt shall, but you
cannot aay whether It will oome."
Whea through with thla paper,
paaa tton. ■
Takes Hand in Drawing
Up the Farmers'
A. F. of L Will Remain
Capitalist Supporting
Washington— Ann ounce in ont of
the refusal of the American Federation of Labor to affiliate with
the International Federation of
Trade Unions, which has called a
special congress to meet In Brussels on November 22, Is the next
move on the boards of world lubor
diplomacy. '
The International Is Socialist,
overwhelmingly and enthusiastic
and radically Socialist. Therefore Gompers will not go to Brussels. He will probably call for the
formation of a conservative labor
movement Instead.
It la rather amusing to hear returned soldiers fuss and fume over
the treatment accorded them by
the British and Canadian governments and then lustily sing the
Canadian and British Anthem;
SUNDAY, OCT. 3rd, 1920
AT 8 P.H.
Chairman, J. CIjARKE
By-Election Provides Opportunity for Nice
Comrade Richardson, exBrltlsh
M. P., has accepted the labor nomination for the Yale bye-election and
the campaign is on. All locals and
labor organizations through the
riding have been sent forms for
soliciting contributions to the campaign fund and returns should be
lent at once to Jack Logie, West
Comrade Rose Henderson has
spent two weeks in the Okanagan
organizing for the Federated Labor
Party, and reports keen interest in
all districts. Locals have been organized at Penticton and Vernon,
and other locals are in process of
formation. Mrs. Henderson may
return to the valley when the campaign Is in full swing as her assistance ls invaluable.
Some time ago the campaign
manager recoived a communication
from the secretary of a Farmer's
local asking tf lt was not possible
for the Farmers and Labor' Party
to get together for political action,
as was being done In other parts
of the country. He took the matter
up with the general secretary of
the United Farmers and was Informed that an executive meeting
was. to be called and the matter
would be taken up then. However,
nothing further was heard, but ns
many farmers had signified their'
desire to co-operate with labor the
campaign manager and Labor Party
organizer went down to Penticton
to attend the Farmer's convention,
having been assured that an expression of their views was desired
and that co-operation with labor
wob also desired.
However, the nigger In the wood
pile became very evident 5 minutes
after entering the convention hall.
The chairman wns one MnkoVekt.
who will be familiar* to Vancouver
comrades from his lengthy attacks
on the labor mnvcmnnt 'n the
Dally Province and from his de<
bate on "Bolshevism" with Comrade Pritchard. He now has .
'rawnrh" noar Armstr'r'H" ami f-nn
the knowledge of farming gained
during a few months experience
with goats and rabbits, ls able to
pose as an expert on all phases of
farm economics.
When the plntfor'm was under
discussion he told the assembled
farmers that he didn't think they
had the ability or the knowledge
necessary to say what they wanted,
but intimated that as he had made
n life-long study of theso matters
he would he glnd to do what he
(Continued on page 8)
Chas. Lestor Dealt With
World Conditions
Last Week
As usual Charles Lestor wa*
called upon to speak before a pack*
ed house at the Empress Theatr*
Labor Men Say Revolution Has Not Had Fair
|     r   Chance
• ?h|A the Ruslsan Revolution ku
tWt.had a fair chance, and that It
— .„».„ „ „.„  IW possible to mako a lasting pieco
on Sunday last, when ho took tho WJth the Soviet govornmont aro op-
" Mons strongly declared ln tho final'
roport .of tho delegation Mat to
•Bussia last oprlng by tho labor
Pnrty and tho Trades Unlona Congress. Soviet rule in Russia la criticised frankly, but tho delegation
canpot forgot that tho revolution-
panics.   When the war took place ^^task has been made extraordln
platform for the Socialist Party of
Canada. Hii address in brief follows
Previous to 1914 the capitalist
Syitem had alwayi managed by
•ome means or another to steer IU
way through the varioui crises and
Endorse Achievement of
British Council of
(By J, D. Robertson, New Zealand
Staff Correspondent for The Federated Press.)
Auckland, N. Z.—Hearty approval of the stand against war with
Russia of the Counoll of Aetion of
British worker's was expressed by
tho Labor Party of New Zealand
in a cable to their British comrade!. "New Zealand labor unanimously supports the magnificent
■tend ol British laber against the
militarist and capitalist attacks on
the Russian Republic" reads the
message, "We congratulate you on
your glorious achievement for internationalism and peace. Your
action li the greatest event In the
history of British labor."
Prime Minister Massey strongly
disapproved of members of the
New Zealand parliament expressing sympathy with the Council of
The New South Wales Labor
party has cabled its approval of
the stand against war with Russia.
The Marine Stewards Federation of
Australia haB urged the Australian
Transport Federation to call afflliated bodies to refuse to transport
an) men overseas ln the event of
England declaring war against
tho economic forces had gone so
far forward that they threatened to
break the framework of society.
Had the worker's had sufflclent
knowledge then, there is no doubt
if they had seized the reins of
power ln the various countries, a'nd
such knowledge would have stimulated a move in that direction, they
could have transformed the capi-
tallst system into a better order of
society. Whon, ln their Ignorance,
they failed to do eo, the economic!
forces were »ot to be denied, and
tho results are fully ln evidence today. Since that time there
been a great awakening. The
working class, no matter where we
look, Is fully alive to the fact thai
the condition of the workers in
every country Is much about the
same, that the forces that oppress
them aro the same in every country. The nationalist spirit, with its
false patriotism, Is for ever gone.
They are now lining up as a class
and ignoring national boundaries,
a'nd tr'ying their best to devise ways
and means to put their foot on the
snake of capitalism in their midst.
Who stands to benefit most by
such actions as /the New York
bomb explosion? The futility of
stating that the "Reds" can Imagine any benefit to their movoment
by such outrages Is too ridiculous
to deserve consideration, except by
a vicious press. Is there not
more plausible connection between
such affairs and the huge pay-rolls
of secret service agencies employed
to stir up trouble? The details of
the great plot that was unearthed
do not appear to be forthcoming!
The development of the politicnl
conditions of Italy, and the connections of the Clerical parties In the
political schemes of Italy, France,
Austria and Jugo Slavin, and the
general inter-relations resulting i.i
these policies, were dealt with in a
brief survey of the European situation. The discussion of the coal
strike ln Oreat Britain lead to a
study of the political development
of the working class of Oreat Bri-
tai'.i, and Its parliamentary spokes
men of the Labor Party. The British worker could not conceive of
destroying the whole machinery of
the capitalist government as the
workers of Russia had-done, because they knew if they moved'
that way hundreds of thousands
would die of starvation, because
the overthrow of capitalism Li
Great Britain ,>%-isents the problem
that a whole lot of the stuff manufactured-today would not be wanted
by the outside world, and the feeding of its present population has to
be considered. The only way the
average worker can view the situation Is that they have to take oveV
things as they are, with all the obligations of capitalism, and try ta
work it cut. That ls why you have
such organizations as the I. L. P.'
functioning and getting stronger.'
Still its power Is felt to such an extent that the government cannot
Ignore It even hi Its foreign policy.
Soviet Russia has much to thank
the working men of Britain for, as
they have held thousands of meetings to prevont British intervention to Russia. That they made
such a fuss ahout the £7ri,000 "Bolshevik" donation is an Indication
thnt they yet suffer from the doctrines of bourgeois morality
car'efully taught them by thfelr masters,—the samo masters who filched millions of pounds of public
money to subsidise the enemies of
the workers.
The basis of the trnde union
movement being the exchange of
labor power under the capitalist
Bystem, which system is based on
the production of commodities for
sale, tho speaker went to some
pains to make clenr that the work,
er was not robbed on the "sale of
labor power" but sold it at its market price to whomsoever would
buy lt. Tho maintenance of the
price and the conditions necessary
to preserve It as a saleable commodity was the business of the
unions. The function of the Socialist Party was altogether different,
and the speaker ventured the opinion that the time had arrived for'
this party to display more political
initiative and felt sure, It would
meet with a response that would
surprise a good many of his hearers.
The emancipation of the working class was not coming on account of,the virtues of the workers,
but   because   it   ls   an   economic
nrlly difficult by the interference of
foreign governments, "Including
*ur cfarn."
False Reporte
' The delegates "feel it neceuary
to begin by pointing out that most
accounts of Soviet Russia whloh we
had seen in the capitalist preM of
nUr tiWn country proved to be perversion* of the facts. We did not
see any Chinese soldiers. We saw
no :,evidence of extraordinary luxury on the part of the leading cora-
-mlsfcars. We did not flnd that either
women or children had been nationalized. We certainly did witness a widespread breakdown ln the
transport system with deplorable
economic consequences, and we saw
terrible evidences of under-feeding
ahd.suffering, These points have
been dealt with, however, in the
reports already issued by the delegation on the iniquitous policy of
Intervention and blockade."
Though social equalization Is .not
*yet. complete, since certain classes
receivo preference (soldiers, those
doinp specially heavy manual work,
and responsible workers in departments of the central government
and certain persons are still able to
im^k'e money by speculation, the re-
port declares:
, \ A Single Standard
'. VBroadly speaking, a single standard of living has been established,
and the glaring inequalities of for-
tfbrfe, which form so great a scan-
.'da | Jn capitalist countries, exist no
longer In Russia. This equalization
iftpplles to education and entertainment as well as to food, housing,
.ttnd clothing. Means of pleasure
4n£ cultivation have been given to
the workers on a scale unknown
in jfearllor days. The greater part
df the tickets in the principal theatres are now allotted to the vari-
burtrade unions for distribution to
their members at low fixed prices."
pie "enlightened policy of the
•oyiet government in the matter of
Chfrd life" is also referred to. Nevertheless the report proceeds:
"Personal freedom, together with
freedom of speech and of propaganda Is severly repressed In the
Case.of all those whose activities
•jure supposed to threaten the Soviet
regime. The means now used are
■tar less severe than those used
When foreign Invasion, civil war,
and internal conspiracy were at
their height."
But "the Torror" has left Its
traces behind in thc form of a pervading fear, which is expressed on
il hands, thnt any expression of
nplnion adverse to the dominant
party will be treated as counterrevolution, and lead to imprisonment or some kind of penalization.
"Not a Fnir Chnnce"
"Labor power is dealt with more
iaiid-more on disciplinary principles.
.The trade unions are increasingly
Controlled by centralized 'councils
of trade Unions,' which are more
amenable to the influence of the
Supreme Council of National Economy. The co-operative movement,
Instead of being an institution for
sdlf-help on the part of certain sections of the community, has become a definite part of the state
machinery. The country population
of-Russia has not been won over
to Socialism or to anything more
than a passive acceptance of the
Soviet regime,
"Russia has been plunged Into
six years of continuous and stlll-
cqutlnulng warfare. She has been
blockaded, and her communications
with the outside world cut off. She
has been invaded by foreign troops
bn all sides, and the most desperate
efforts huve bcen mude to foster
conspiracy and civil war on her territory. Win ther tinder such conditions Russia could be governed in
a different way Is a question we do
(Continued on page 2)
Breach Capitalist Clique Relying cm
Uie Help of America ,t
London, England—"In France a
■mail capitalist and International
..jcUmM la endeavoring, to- Impose
upon tl(e people a policy ai shortsighted as It eventually, will be disastrous," declared Brigadier-General C. Rj^homsott lh the current
issue of foreign affairs. "Having
backed a loser ln Poland, this clique
Is plunging desperately on Wrangel,
an equally foredoomed cause. The
motive li obvious; lt Is the perpetuation of. hoitilltlei until Soviet
Ruuia: ti either defeated or militarised by .victory.
"France Is exhausted and well-
nigh bankrupt; as the champion of
reaction, aha ls sliding down a slippery-slope. Warsaw was victimised
by Paria Paris may, In lte turn,
be exploited by Big Business In
New Tork."
Metal Trades Seem Opposed to Employers9
Referendum Vote Taken
to Decide Course
of Action
There Is every indication of a
strike being called in et least onc
of tbe Vancouver shipyards on
Monday morning, . The various
unions of the metal trades, comprising Boilermakers, Machinists,
Plumbers, Blacksmiths, Shipyard
Laborers met Thursday evening to
act on the recommendation of the
Metal Trades Council as presented
by the , shipbuilding firms. The
proposition offered by Coughlans
was to lay the matter over for five
weeks until the return of the head
of the firm, and Wallaces proposed
that the mechanics should accept a
decrease in order that the lower
paid men might obtain an increase.
Both these propositions met with
the disapproval of the workers,
and lt seems to be the general concensus of opinion that the time is
opportune for a strike in order to
obtain the demands.
DebircH Open Shop.
It la well known that the Coughlan firm desires an open shop, and
of course the men are absolutely
opposed to it, inasmuch as it is the
first step In the reduction of wages.
With the cost of living atlll so high
that the highest paid mechanics
find It hard to make both ends
meet It ls no time, to allow the employers to get in the thin edge of
the wedge.
A real shipyard strike has not
taken place In Vancouver for a
long time, but the men seem to be
of the opinion that It would not
do much har,m to have one.
The Metal Trades Council will
meet Saturday evening to reeclve
the result of the referendum vote
on the question. They will act In
accordance with the result and lf
the proposals of the employers are
turned down, a strike wtll In all
probability be called for Monday.
MinUter of finance WiU
Have Independent
>«   AiiJUUIade ■,.,..
The publication by the B, C. Fed-
•ratlonltt of tho alleged faldflca-
tlon pt booka by the David Spencer
Co., in order to defraud the federal
treasury of tho profit tax, wat
brum ht to the attention of Bir
Henry Drayton, mlnliter of finance,
and he hae given out a atatement
to the prew to the effect that an
Independent audit ot the book! of
tbe company will be made by disinterested aocountants, Helllwell,
Maolachlan A Co. of Vanoouver.
The firm allege! that Mr. Mughei,
Ita late accountant, who la respon-
elble for thr exposure, made the
returni entirely on hli own respon-
•Iblllty and ai a result of hla own
bookkeeping. The firm will no
doubt have all the opportunity It
want! to prove Ita contentlona But
Mr. Hughea itated to a Fed. representative thet ha can prove hli
Mln Jean Smillie, the daughter
of the minera- preeldent, haa refuted the poiltlon of "J. p." offered
her by the coalition In appreciation
of public aervicee In Lanarkshire.
Mln Smillie, ln a characteristic denial of the honor, itate. that ahe
haa no with tor dlitlnctlon from a
capitalist government. She prefer!
to work for Socialism.
t  ,
necessity if human life ls to be
maintained on the earth. The workers are bound to win, because they
hold the winning card. Just as
the capitalist class wore once the
inevitable winners In the flght with
feudalism—every move made in
the*  direction   of   working   class
tancipation Is in conformity with
hemic development and therefore bound to win out, Speed the
Tbe speakers next Sunday will
be"J, Marshall and J. Smith.
General Workors Vntt O. B, V.
Owing to the Open Forum being
held on the 2nd and 4th Wednesdays of each month in the O. B. U.
hall, a number of the members of
thc General Workers' unit of the
O. B. U. have got the dates of thc
business meetings mixed. The next
meeting will be held on Wednesday,
October 6th, and at this meeting the quetslon of appointing a
business agent wilt be taken up,
and all members are requested to
Montevideo, Uruguay—Decision
to affiliate with the Third International at Moscow was voted by the
Natoinal Socialist congress here.
Woodsworth to Deal With
Biblical Characters
on Sanday '
The "People's Sunday Evening**
got away to a good start at Its flrst
meeting In Pender hall, about '160
being present.
J. S. Woodsworth dealt with that
astonishing production of Gideon
Robertson's, ln which he links up
and attacks the Soviets, the O. B.
U„ the Labor church, the ex-Soldier's Labor Party and other working class organizations.
Cheap political propaganda, unfounded assertion, contemptible insinuation, a cowardly attack from a
privileged position were said to describe this official document of the
Labor department
A scathing criticism by Ernest
Thomas, published in the Toronto
Globe, was quoted.
The speaker outlined some of the
recent developments of the Labor
movement. Since the channels of
education and publicity were so
largely dominated by the present
capitalist system, he claimed. the
people must institute thetr own
agencies through which they may
freely express the emerging life of
the new social order.
T. A. Barnard gave a brief address. It will be remembered that
one of the charges on which Mr.
Woodsworth was arrested, waB that
of quoting Isaiah. Next Sunday he
will speak on this particular passage, which "the crown" regards as
dangerous: "They shall build
houses and Inhabit them; they shall
plant vinyards and eat of the fruit
of them."
During the Winnipeg trials, the
London Dally Herald stated Isaiah
was lucky, as he was dead.
Meetings in.O.B.U. Hall
Tuesday—Laundry Workers.
Wednesday—General Workers.
Thursday—Plasterers' Helpers.
Friday—Women's Auxiliary.
Workers Beaten by Lack
of Intelligent and
United Action
The striking gas workers of Vancouver have gone back to work
without a settlement. Reasons
given for the defeat are such as
should bo of value to labor in future
struggles. The union went on
ptrike against the advice of men
wtth long experience ln the labor
movement. Those men were of the
opinion that the company wanted
the atrike. The union also acted
without taking Into consideration
other public utility workers. It
acted entirely on its own. Unity is
the keynote of success against
massed capital. The B. C. Electric
ts a wealthy corporation. Employees striking against that corporation must expect a long battle,
hence a srtike on a depleted treasury can result tn nothing else but
defeat. Again, the One Big Union,
advocates united action, but the
aetion of the gas workers waB far
from that. The defeat of the
bakers' International union a short
time ago should have been a lesson
to the gas workers. The workers
must act together Irrespective of
eraft or affiliation. Strikes are not
won on sentiment they are won by
diplomatic action.
Buy at a union store.
Want Prisoners Held By
Russia Repatriated
At Once
London—The French threat that
unless all French prisoners In Rus.
sia are repatriated by Octobor 1,
the French Black Sea fleet will take
action against Soviet Russia, has
brought the reply from M. Tusltch-
irin, the Soviet foreign minister,
"we must bow to brute force," according to a wireless message from
Moscow. M. Tehitcherln protests
against such action by the French,
declaring that Russia has no guarantee that the Russians In France
will be repatriated.
Premier Says Revolt Wat*
Stimultted By
Bank Clerks Now Wsnt
to Control Financial
Institutions      ,
Premier Olollttl et Italjr, iayi
the revolt of the working clan had
been largely stimulated by the aad
and Impudent spectacle of ill-got-
ten wealth, both during and altar
the wai". Tha occupation ot the
factorial, he affirmed, waa limply
a contravention, not a crime, yet,
manufacturer! who had brought
trouble upon themielvei by proclaiming a general lockout In flagrant disobedience to hli adrlee tad
sought afterward to compel him to
take measures agalnit the worhjwa,
which, would have been tantamount
to a veritable sentence of death.
- Celebrating Victoria,    i
After a day of banqueting and
dancing inside the factorial to
which the workmen Invited their
kinfolk and acquaintances, most ef
metallurgical establishment! are
now deserted, and employeea have
gone away tor a week'* holiday.
The chief exception!. are Naples,
Leghorn, Bressla and Tufla, where
the men refuse to quit till they
have been paid for the occupation
period. They make thli demand
under threat of destroying tha
work tn which they have been engaged.
Bank employees of Italy, have '
itarted a movement to obtain control of financial institutions in that
country, aays a Central Newa dispatch from Rome, Quoting the
Epoca of that olty.
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. V.
A special meeting of 'the
Women's Auxiliary of the 0. B. U,
will be held to-night (Friday) In
tha O. B. U. hall to make arrangements for the defense dance to be
held on Friday, October the 15th,
All members of both the Auxiliary,
and the Defence committee, are requested to accept thii tha only. Intimation. Tickets for the dance can
be secured at the O. B. U. hall «
at the Federationlit Offlce.
Veterans to Hold Meeting
The Grand Army of United Veterans' have called a public meeting
for Bunday afternoon In the Empress Theatre, at which Sheriff MoDonald, J. E. Armlahaw, and R. A.
Webb will be the speakers.
Portsmouth, Eng.—A national
labor holiday will be Inaugurated
by British labor. The British
Trades Union Congress is Joining
hands with the Labor Party ln establishing a "united form of demonstration."
Six banking Institutions have
been closed during the past two
months as the result of steady
withdrawals of accounts.
Whist Drive and Dance at Cotillion Hall, Friday, October 8, auspices of Women Co-operative Guild.
Britain Powerless to Protect French Exploitation of Syria
By The Federated Press)
London, Eng.—"We of England
are powerless to make any protest
against the French exploitation of
Syria and their disregard of the
most elementary rights of self-
determination," declares the current i»sue of Foreign Affairs, "so
long as we continue our campaign
In Mesopotamia.
'As usual, wc do not even carry
on our' grabbing and attacking
with efficiency. The result haa
been a reverse, In which many British lives have been sacrificed, a
spreading state of anarchy, and
the loss of a distinguished British
officer, Colonel Leach man.
"What ls all this for? That we
may add to the British Empire a
vast territory where no European
can livo permanently, and which
can only be held by keeping the
native population In continual subjection.
"Mesopotamia always appealed to
Mr. Lloyd Gnorge because lt was
the Garden of Eden—the cradle of
the human face—but he forgets the
warning of the flaming sword. In
their eagerness to appropriate remote quarters of the globe, Imperialists Invariably think mor'e of material gain than of the wishes of
the Inhabitants. They never remember that good government Is
no substitute for self'government"
Put a one-cent stamp on  this
paper and mall it to a friend.
Mrs. Rose Henderson
To Speak
Sunday, Oct. 3rd, at 3.30 p.m.
Subject:  "The Dominion Government—It's Cause and
twelfth tbab. no. <»    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA f EDERATTONIST    vawcouvbr, b. g.
FRIDAY .....October 1,  11
Float Pol BoMti, from, lb —.Its
Flnut Otm Rout., from, lb 201
Prim. Boiled Ov.n Resit., from,
lb.  AU
Fineit Boiling Beet, from, lb Ill
Flnut Pork   Shonltora,  weishinl
from 5 to I lbi.   Rag. SM lb.
Friday snd Sstvrder for
lb.    »- »«Vti
Blst.r'i Sliced Stresky Bioon, lb. BOo
Sliter'i  Silted Ayr.hlr. Roll, lb. 880
Sl.ter'. Sliced Ayrshire Book Bsoon,
tb.     - Ho
BUUr's SIlMd AjriUri Buk B.con,
lb.      80S
Prim. Shoolder Stelk, lb.
Flnut Bettt Liver,  lb.
Reg. 80o lb.
urdar Special
8 lbi for ..
Flnett Oxford gggseg* lb. ■
Flnut Stnr Limb, tb. OS
Flnut Shonldor tune. Ik. _..S«y,e
Flnut Loin L«mb, lb S,_e
Fineit Ll|l Lsmfr, lb. ... .We
Flnut Canadian Choue, lb. _......8te
Alberta Fruk EgM, doa. ......_.-....76o
Flnut Par. Lard, 2 lbs. ftt 1(1
Flnut But Drlppini, lb. Me
Floral Beet Pat, lb.  Me
Fineat Beet Stew, from, lb. ..........80s
Ws will again sell our Famom Pie*
nlo Hama.  Rog. 35o Ib.  Frldar
aad Satnrday Speolal, lb. -810
Flnut Pork Boaita.   All  middle
eate, practically no bone. ,
Onlr. lb 37V.O I
Onr Flneet Alborta  Creamery Butter
oa. aaia on Saturday morning from
I a.m. to 11 a.m. Rog. 68o lb. Speolal, lb  «8»
Maple Leaf Silk, > for  S»l
Fineit Tomatoei, large tins SOS
Fry's Cocoa, tin _*
Slater'• Bed Label Toe, lb.- 48.
Fineat Pink Salmon.   New atock.
Reg. lOo tin.   Saturday, * for..8tc
W. will sell on Saturday morning,
from 8 a.m; to 11 a.m., Nabob
Tea.   Reg.   86o   lb.    Satu.-aay I
morning, lb. .- JU I
US Haatinga E.     Phona Bar. Sill
180 OranTiBe Bt     Fbaas Sn. IW
3880 Mala St Pksa. Fair, nil
Flnut Pearl Barley, 9 lba. far ...,25c
B. A K. Split Peaa, 3 lba. for 25o
Fineat Whit. Beau, 8 lba. for ....260
Fineat Green Peu, 8 lba. for 260
Fineat White Sago, 2 lba. for 260
Fineat Tapioca, 2 lba. for  260
Bird'a Cuatard Pofcder 160
Vinegar In Tall Jara   86c
Nabob Vinegar — — 260
Pickling Spioei, packet -
Tomato Soup, 2 for 	
Pork and Boana, 8 for ..
-Sardinea, I ior 	
We Deliver All Over the City nnd Suburbs
DB. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of the faculty
of the College of Dentistry* University of Southern California; lecturer on crown and bridge work, demonstrator In plate-work and -operative dentistry; local'and general
My Prices on all Dental
Work are Reasonable
—get my estimate before you "put off"
necessary attention to your teeth.
I try to foster the idea of "Good Teeth" by making
my prioe as low as expert work with the best materials ean be done. Get my price—it will convince you.
Complete X-itay
A diagnosis of troubles
at the root which tells
the whole story on the
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings W., Cor. Seymour
Phone Sty. 3331
Offlce Opon Tuaaday and Friday
The One Big Union
Published by tbe Winnipeg Central Labor Counoil
Bead tb. News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription priee $2.00 per year; $1.00 for nix monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
HAKHV WII.LCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, sams address.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knowe that cheap goods can only bc procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
IS FREEDOM possible only In
periods of transition from one
economic era to another? Doea
lt flourish only because of the re-
luxation of old economic tiei and
endure only as long as the new
economic regime Is not consolidated T Was the democratic movement, the liberal movement—or
whatever' name It should go by—
not a general and Inherently steady
development but merely a temporary episode attending tthe shifting
of control from agrarian feudalism
to privileged capitalism?
Five years ago such questions
seem absurd to the vast majority of
people, especially to middle class
people. Today these same questions, though of course In a much
less abstract form, are entertained
by a steadily Increasing number of
these same people. The thinking
among them have always recognized
in a way that eternal vigilance ls
the price of liberty. But they
thought this vigilance should' be
exercised in keeping the ways open,
In preventing and removing the obstacles by which losing interests
strove to slow down on moving
progress.- Today they are asking
whether1 the vigilance that secures
freedom must not be exercised to
altering the conditions which de
termlno the direction of social
force*. They are solicitous, not
about obstructions to democratic
progress but about its foundations.
Reaction Helpb Progress
Consideration of the growing
change of temper -will throw some
light on the question of the relation of reactionarylsm to social
progress. There is a general belief, supposedly justified by history,
that ln the long run every exhtbl
tlon of reactionary conservatism
(such as we have experienced in
America .since November 11, 1919)
ends hy strengthening the cause of
progress. But the means by which
the reactionary helps do not seem
to have received analysis. If the
technique of the process were
known possibly It would cease to
be true that 'nothing is ever learned from history. Certainly It is
not instructive to say that a social
movement to one extreme always
ends by calling out a swing of the
pendulum in the other direction,
that there are radical as well at
conservative reaction. The question is one of specific fact. How
does the reactionary release progressive fortes?
The question can be answered
only by careful historic study guided by knowledge of human psychology. But a hypothesis may be
ventured. The reactionary helps
by clarifying the issue, by revealing obscure facts, uncovering hht
den forces. History itself gives
the lie to the idea that oppression
by itself arouses an effective lave
of liberty. The worst thing about
any form of enslavement is that it
tends to make the oppressed content in their enslavement. It dulls
perception of the possibility of another state of affairs and It destroys the energy which Is required
to effect change. To apply to the
relation of oppression and freedom
in politics the physical law of equal
action and reaction is to delude
ourselves with foolish magical formulae. Reactlonarlsm helps only
when it awakens men's minds, only
when lt makes them see things they
didn't see before, only, when it
focusBes attention. Tho cause of the
reactionary depends upon the immense inertia of human stupidity.
But the stupidity of the reactionary is that at critical junctures he
strives to entrench himself by doing things which force attention
to facts that he has every interest
in keeping concealed; by doing
things which crystalfze forces that
work In his behalf only as long as
they remain diffused and obscure.
Excess Makes EMI Obvious
The madness with which the gods
afflict those whom they would destroy is precisely the temptation
to use a temporary possession of
strategic power bo as to make that
power permanent In this effort
they necessarily exaggerate evils
that had existed previously but
that were tolerated In .part because
they were not perceptible and Is
part because they had not as yet
become intolerable. The excess,
the exaggeration, makes the evil
obvious, conspicuous, and It adds
force to old and neglected criticism
hy leading men to believe that the
evil had always been there in the
same intense form which It'assumes
under the exaggeration of the moment.
The terms of the peace settlement for example, arc such as fl
emphasize the desire of Great Britain to obtain a monopoly of oil,
and of Franco to keep Germany ln
permanent industrial subjection.
Such things He so obviously upon
the surface as to convince multitudes of what they never had believed—that tho main if not the
sole cause of the war was greed
for economic supremacy, nnd that
most of tho talk about justice and
self-determination was bunk. The
multitude is ln no condition to discriminate. It does not reflect that
lho outcome of the war exnggcrnted
the significance of certain oconomic
factors, nnd put a few men in a
position where they could make an
excessive unrelieved assertion of
this exaggeration. The outcome Is
rend bnck Into the antecedent state
of things, and it Is concluded that
these forces were working in the
I am different from all other*, be-
came I not only road your life, but
nlso help yon out of yonr troubles.
What (rood would it do you simply to
bo told you havo a rival or an enemy
in your path unless you woro told how
to overcomo tliomt I am ablo to point
out the path of Huccedn and happiness.
Office hours, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service Fine Car,
334 Abbott St.     Vancouver
Phone Sey. 8877-8878
■    in      ..I.—, .i gjHB
same  Intensified   fashion  *U,tha
time. J£-»
Reactionary Supplies Lesson
They wert Indeed worklngr'and
working powerfully. But lt Was a
condition of their continued-working that they should not be tortoise
and concentrated, but diffused *and
thus bound up with many genuinely
Idealistic factors. Their exaggeration condenses, concentrates^ totalizes them, and ln so doingL,#i$lps
them bare of all the humane associations which were indispensable
to their1 smooth working. 4t the
same time millions are induced to
believe the worst that radical extremists had ever said about the
economic determination of. society
The reactionary, not the Socialistic
critic, has supplied the object lesson in the alliance of politics with
privileged control of land and Its'
natural resources.
Another way in whlrh the reactionary helps is by the advertising
he gratuitously gives radicalism.
This enables us to understand why
terms given ln objurgation and
acorn become the honored names
of parties and movoment*. ; It ls
not the fault of American reactionaries tbat an actual Bolshevism
haa not been created by them. If
conditions had been at all propitious the myth of the extraordinary
power and unceasing activity of
extreme Reds would have ended in
a fact. Where there is such fear,
It is only proper that there should
be something to be afraid of. As
it Is, the effort to render everything that departs from laudatory
acceptance of existing capitalism
into a dangerous and sinister radicalism oan only terminate In making radicalism respectable and honorable. Men of honesty and spirit
who are at all dissatisfied with the
existing regime will be ashamed of
calling themselves anything else.
Already there are signs that liberalism will be eschewed as a milk
and water term. At the close of
every vehement .reactionary movement In history, the commonplaces
of thought and discussion 'which
form the plane of aotion have
moved to the left. Vice is not the
only thing that becomes tolerable
through familiarity. If the reactionary were wise he would show
confidence in his strength by leaving the Ideas he, dislikes in a r'egion
of vague and unmentionable mystery. Too much ghost talk creates
a desire to see ghosts, until finally
the men are willing to pay- good
money to see the spirits which had
once been the source of panicky
terrors. -i^uo
Wnr Gave Labor Strength
The reactionary also seV{.es. by
forcing the radical to abandon,;the
cloudland of dreams and come to
closer grip with realities. As long
as "scientific" socialism lived Jipon
the revolutionary formulae ottti it
was either 75 years behind? or
ahead of the times. It cewtalnly
was not In touch with them, in
America. But when the Hessians of
reactionary capitalism digflowred
these rhetorical flourishes Aland
took them HerIou«ly enoug))j»j8end
men to Ja:l for indulging In.t^em,
it was a signal that It was no lunger necessa-y to take refuge in-millennial dreams. The current facts of
particular economic transformation
were substituted for prophetic
hopes of a universal transformation. /Dream psychology is* always
evidence of impotence. But the
dreamer who is prodded into wakefulness faceB the facts that enter
Into action.
For the violence of the reactionary shows prescience of actual tendencies. It reveals the movement
of actual forces.. As long as Socialism accepted by Marxian doctrine of a sudden revolution which
was to be the result of the universal misery, poverty and weakness of the laborer, lt was practically negligible. Every such doctrine expresses a compensatory
psychology. It ls the proof of Weakness. Any real "revolution" will
proceed from strength, from Increased strength of capacity and
position. The war gave lalior precisely this access of strength. "Yet
lt might, In the United States at
least, have remained largely uucon-
scious and unconcentrated, ready
to be dissipated with the Inevitable oncoming of hard times aiyl
unemployment, If the reactionary
had not forced its recognition. His
irrational violence#of foar revealed
the strength that was there. Labor can never entirely forget the
Instruction It haa received aa to
Its potential power. It is the reactionary who lias turned prophet,
and his prophecy ls based on a
frightened preception of the actual
movemont of the forces. Thus he
helps. He spreads enlightenment
by his endeavors to establish obscurantism.- Thore is Just one passing period in which he succeeds.
There is a stage of development
In which a vague and mysterious
feeling of uncertain terror seizes
tho populace. During this time the
reactionary has things all his own
way. Deceived by this success, his
movements become noisy; his intentions obvious. He attracts attention away from the terror to
himsolf. The twilight cleaft ^nd
objects aro again seen In tltolrjna-
tural proportions. Dlacussidh ;atid
free speech are suppressed. But'the
means taken to suppress tl&lti become more enlightening thah normal discussion and free speech
would have been. Timid sotils have
been cowed into a permanent" acquiescence; but they never (.bunted
anyway except as a passive wefght.
Suppression of truth attd circulation of lies permanently 'fw^ted
some facts. But the loss as far as
progress is concerned Is more than
made up for by the revelation of
motives and objects through^wnich
the reactionary pe'rmanehtl^ Wjiak-
ed his power. Thus he helpai •.
In the New Republic.
R. E. BRAY, of Winnipeg
Seattle — Twelve central labor
bodies in all parts of the country,
representing several hundred thousand workerB, have endorsed the
Seattle Central Labor Council's
plan for the summoning of a Labor
Congress to take action against any
assistance that may be offered Poland from the United States.
New Westminster co-operators
will hold a banquet and programme in the Oddfellows hall, Saturday, Oct. 23, Tickets at store, 60c.
Sale of tickets closes Oct. 20.
Where Is your Union button?
IN THB early weeki of 1920,
Andrews, Metcalfe * Co,
Limited, (and by "Limited" I
make spociflo reference to their
"limited" Intelligence), "braying"
as it wore, formally and thunder*
ously deolared R. B. Bray of Winnipeg to be a oommon and public
nuisance. I had not met Comrade
Bray in those daya, s0 I shan't take
Issue with the Arm of Andrews,
Metcalfe, eto., because of their official findings. For' I have strong
hopes that In tbe days yet to come,
he may become, lf not a "nuisance"
again, at least an "annoyance" to
those of that caste to which Andrews, Meacalfe, etc, owe their
The Bray I met—shall I say that
he was a Bray metamorphised? I
think notl I met him at his home
a week after his liberation from
jail; met him in the midst of his
friends and In his home surround
Ings, and I shall always carry with
me a memory of that Bray, a memory Df those enthusiastic and spirit
ed frlende of hts, a memory of his
home life, of his charming and affectionate wife, and of his talented
and aceomplshed daughters.
i Five of us there were, west'
bound from the O. B. U. Convention, and we had broken the mono,
tony of our trip by a stop-over in
Winnipeg. We thought the occasion opportune to call on Comrade
Bray, the flrst of Canada's political
prisoners to be set at liberty from
Hla Majesty's farm. But apparently many, many others, Winnipeg workers, thought likewise, and
how many of us were finally
gathered at 188 Oak street, Norwood, I can't say.
I don't think the writer has ever
l^efore experienced or witnessed the
whole-hearted and spirited enthusiasm, tho genuine and wholesome enjoyment' that this informal
gathering evoked. Girls, pretty
and charming girls, were there in
bevies and proves, so much so, .that
the writer's head was then, and has
been since, as a consequence, in a
continual whirl trying to remember names. The Misses Bray, (were
there three or four of them?), I
easily remember because of their
charming personality and talented
accomplishments; I remember too,
that striking picturo of the Easterner whom "Uncle" John Houston
so assiduously monoplized during
the entire evening to the absolute
exclusion of some of the rest of
us, (dam his old soul!); and too,
I shall rfemember "The Chicken,"
whom Bray, (rare judgment!)
greeted wtth two paternal klssos
—daughter of another political prisoner Is she—Armstrong—and it
wer6 worth spending six months in
jail to be greeted by her even as
Comrade Bray was. And Barsky:
I shall remember for a long time,
Comrade, the Miss Barsky. For it
was she, ln the midst of this
gathering, Barsky, lively and dashing and a favorite of all, who gave
me the key-note of the whole wheh
she told me why she was glad to
be there—"because she was a proletarian and of the proletariat."
That epitomizes completely the
spirit of that crowd. We were all
prldeful, Jealously prideful, that we
were  and are of the proletariat!
After1 theatre hours, their duty
to their capitalistic masters rendered, the musicians arrived. They
represented the best talent In Winnipeg and came from the orchestra
pits of the city to give free scope to
their minds and their artists'
souls. God! but how they must
loathe the bourgeoise Institutions
and conventionalities that fetter
and shackle them! Wtth their ar.
rival of course there was dancing,
and here the growing generation
hugely enjoyed themselves. Though
not of the growing generation, i
danced too, but not as often as I
wished; for Mldgley, darn him, displayed excellent Judgment ln his
selection of a partner and more
often than not, "beat me to it." At
those times I found solace ln a
cigarette. But I'm going on record
here as saying that several times I
wanted to dance with soulful little
Barlon, (I wonder if that is her
name!), but usually it was Mldgley
or some other aler't mere man
whose mind functioned even as my
own but whose decision was the
more facilely arrived at. The result: I smoked countless cigarettes.
Tes, I'm glad that I've made the
acquaintance of Winnipeg, especially those circles of Winnipeg wherein the Brays move and live. Life
to many of us pariahs is made
bearable because of such as the
Brays and their Intimates. Gather,
ings such as I hnve here featured
may not as some will say, emancipate the working class; but spontaneous and expressive as they are,
they assuredly help and are an Inspiration to those who carry ever
forward the banner that heralds
THR MESSAGE to struggling thousands—the MESSAGE of the little
white button with its gilt-red
And In passing I should not omit
mention of a certain efficacy that
lies In that same littlo monogramed
emblem. Three of us who in the
early evening were trying to flnd
the home ot Comrade Bray, board-
ed more or less at random a St.
Boniface car, knowing only that it
travelled In the general direction of
Norwood. We"«explalned our difficulty and our quest to a courteous
conductor1, So soul hungry was he
was for the MESSAGE of the button an<f so evident was the feeling
of comaraderic that the. button established between us alf, that because of It he carried us around
his "belt line" twice, that he might
talk with us and keep us In contact! Such ls the peculiar efficacy of a mere lapel ornament I It
ts the symbol of a SPIRIT!
Yes, I'm glad that I met Bray
and fn the surroundings that I did.
Of course In the very nature of
things I shall see more of Bray.
But I'm particularly glad that I
met him as I did and fn the scene
that I did; Bray, the "common
nuisance," declared so by a rotting
system and a perishing state! The
Bray I met was in a circle of his
friends, all of them conscious of
the dying order' and all of them
Joyful because of lt. Bray was
there, all of us were there because
our minds and our souls are ln rebellion—defiant against all the
hypocrisies a'nd the orthodoxies
that the ANDREWS and the METCALFE'S cherish and hold good,
And lt Is because we  there, that,
Him 1IW« Cnmr'fiila Tlnralrv   mm ara
all proud to be proletarians and of
the proletariat!
It would not be fitting to olose
these remarks without a word and
a suggestion to tbe readers. There
are still other Brays, Brays with
foreign names mayhap, and Brays
whose names ring as familiar as
that of R. R, who still languish
behind the bars that keep them
from their freedom. They too,
have a home-life that ls dear to
them, and they too long for the
companionship of their kind and
thetr' class. Funds are still urgently required to get these mens' cases
before those tribunals that will
have the last word. Let us make
another effort—a thousand dollars
or thereabouts ie an immediate necessity to help these political prisoners. As proletarians let us once
again come to the succor* of our
class-kind still ln His Majesty's
jails, and help to restore them to
the liberty that Is their right.
Soviet Rule in Russia
(Continued from page 1)
not feel ourselves competent to pronounce- All we know is that no
practical alternative, except a virtual return to autocracy, has been
suggested to us, that a 'strong* government ls the only type which
Russia has yet known, and that the
opponents of the Soviet government
when they were in power In 1817,
exercised repression against the
'The Russian revolution has not
had a fair chance. The conditions
have been such as would have rendered the task of social transformation extraordinarily difficult whoever had attempted It and whatever
had been the means adopted."
As to the future the delegation
says: "The danger of the creation
of a Russian militarist spirit bitterly hostile to this country Is a
real one, for which we have to
thank the governments of Lloyd
George, Clemenceau and Millerand.
We are of opinion, however, that
the Russian government, while
hoping for revolution elsewhere,
does not intend to attempt to carry
this out by force of armies, and that
it will be possible to make a durable peace with it on a basis of mutual non-intervention In Internal
affairs,"—Manchester Guardian.
A farmers' candidate was rotten-
egged at a farmers' meeting recently held at Manawa, Wis. The eggs
were supplied to rowdies by the
business element of the town. Since
then the farmers have boycotted
the business men, who have now
offered to apologize and furnish new
suits to the farmers. The farmers
have refused to accept the apology.
Emma Goldman's story by John
Clayton in the Chicago Tribune,
some time ago, is a fake. Emma
Goldman's true story is alleged to
have been rejeoted by the Tribune,
and the correspondent recalled.
The Tribune then proceeded to fake
up a story.
"Be careful," says Sir George E.
Foster. "Hold onto what is good,
and most of the old thlrifes are
good." That has ever been the cry
of the reactionary politician. They
would have us go back to the good
old days when men were serfs,
when the common people were snb-
servtent, docile and servile, when
they obeyed their masters and asked no questions. That day is past,
Sir George—just as you day is past.
—Farmers' Sun (Toronto.)
Tanks were placed In strategic
positions in and around London in
preparation, says the Daily Herald,
for the miners strike.
Fbonea: Sey. 4132, Fair. 1807Y
Established   1912
Rapid Method Mask Studio
312 Finder St. w., Oor. Homtr-Piadsr
Principal,  OSCAR  MORFKT
Export Teachers  and Trafnert
$2.00 Expert
Piano Tuning
Repairs and Adjusting Work
Soy. 41S2 Fair. I807Y
X-RAYS Locate Ills
•t a.
Vancouver X-Ray
Inofcw ol Drail.ii Heeling
for   th.   trc.im.nt   of   non-»nt.,1oni
obroalo   Ailment!   hr   N.tor.l   Method.
Th.   elinlo   U   supported   bf   Voluntary
one. houn:   10-ls, ud br eppalntsunt.
rhou m. 1177
"Quality to a Standard"
Where Women Dress
for Beauty at the
"From Maker to Wearer"
i- y
•HEBE IS NOTHING more in keeping witK
your requirements—or more inexpensive—
than a product of this store. It may be a
tastefully shaded and designed FaU and Winter
Suit, Coat or Dress. What you buy is dependable and protected by warranty.
Shop Friday and Saturday—Values that are a
pity to lose
Sent OranvUle   .
Now it It proposed to draft New
En»l*nd'» eurplui women and lend
them weit, for breeding purpoiei.
Nothing Bolehevlstlo about the
■cheme, though—they're atlll ta be
private property.
Drugless Healing
Sanitarium Ltd.
15th Floor Standard Bank
Cor. Hastings and Rlcbanla
Phone Sey. 60S; High. 2ISM,
If yon want health with-
out the use of either
knife, drugs or pain—
System and Methodi
Nature'a ways are the
best; remove the cause
and she will recuperate
herself. If you wound a
tree, see how she heals
the wound. She »ill do
the same for you, if the
cause is removed.
Mental and Physical
This is the birthright of
every one. If you are not
100% efficient see us. The
following testimonial
should interest you.
Vancouver, B. C.
January 17, 1930
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd.
Dear Sin:
It Blva ma groat pleasure to
testify to the remarkable aucoen.
attending Dr. Downie'a treatment
of my caae.
I am aUty yeara of age, iuf.
rered from rheumatism, iciatioa
and othor complioationi. I waa
under treatment by two of tho
best known physicians of Vancouver, but grow steadily worao,
and had to givo up buaineaa.
After two months' treatment by
Doctor Downle, 1 am back In tho
harness again, vigorous aa ever.
Ho told me that he would add ten
years to my life. I believe ht
If yoa oare to refer anyone to
ttu for furthor particular!, I will
consider It a- favor.
Sours sincerely,
(Ono of tho oldest pioneera anl
busineu mon of Vanoouver),
We have been requested
by our lady patrons to
put on a department for
Facial Massage, etc. We
will do so at an early date.
By Appointment Only
In that dark hour when ayppfr
thy and bast service eouat aa
much—call up    a
Phona Fairmont U
Pnunpt Ambalanoa Benin
oommsboiai .
FfaoM Swnour 7169
TUll  (leer.  World  BaJMlat,  Tea-
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Guaranteed Coal
If our eoal is not latia-
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nothing for what you have
Ton te be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymonr IU1 anl US
Greatest Stock of
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Replete in every detail
Hastings FarnitareCaLtd.
«1 Haitian Itreet WM
aa son tow obi
vui Non-alcoholic vines ot all |
Sam labor. The Couponij
wtth each package ara J
vara* in tbemsclvee.
This season we are better prepared than ever to take care
of football players.
High-grade English Jerseys fn many colors and designs;
A splendid stock to choose from.
Be sure to See the new Improved McGregor Boot.   Thla
boot Is a winner, AU sizes ln stock.
From tlie best Bngllsh makers, Including the genuine Mc-
Oregor, the finest ball made:  '
everVtoiing fob the football PLayeb
J118 HASTlVfiS S*. W.
OF IHB 0. B. V.
uts or tbb unon **n> otto
WOBBBBI mil or TBI 0 AV.
?2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Camp Reports
Fellow Workera: Juat a tew
words ln regard to having a good
level-headed man on the road ln
this district tor at leaat a month, as
there are a lot ot little oamps that
have practically no organisation,
and besides there are a lot of men
In this district who are behind with
their dues, and won't send them in
j unless they happen across a dele-
late or an organizer.    .
Now, fellow workers, 1 think it
would be a good plan for the rank
and flle to discuss these things at
' their meetings In camp and then
report to thla ofllce. Let us come
to a mutual understanding, and
work aa much as possible together
for the common cause of the working cleat. There are only a few
oamps in thla district that are or
lanlsed 100 per oent., and the cause
of that la a good bunch of union
men who take an Interest ln the'
welfare of their fellow-workers and
the organisation. We know that it
la hard to go to work in a camp
where they work over eight hours
but If we don't go Into these camps
how are we going to organize the
men who are still working nine and
ten houra. Take for instance the
mill man in this Interior part of B.
C where the logger haa had the
eight-hour day for over a year,
while they are atill working nine
and ten houn, where the company
eould Just aa well put on three
eight-hour shifts and have more
produotlon and leas labor trouble.
But until the mill men aak their
respective employers to concede to
them the eight-hour day, they will
have to work the long hours, Unlona they put down their toola like
Ue eoal minera have to do in order to free themselves from the
•heek-off syetem of the A. F. of L.
lo let ue all get together and try
to let the Kamloops district organised 100 per cent.
the drag-net was pulled ln thay
had oaught two men, who were
caught with thc goods on them, but
I am aurprlsed that it waa not 22,
aa there are sure that many In the
city who are selling whiskey ln one
way or another. I hope that they
will keep the good work going, now
that they started and spread the
net over the whole city and grab
them all, aa It la pretty rank here
at present. Well, let us hope that
they have lots of good luck. As
for good behaviour ln Kamloops,
of late lt has been pretty good. It
la seldom that you aee a drunken
man on the street, or maybe that
le because there are not many men
ln town at the present time. It ls
to be hoped that the dry squad will
make the bootlegger a little more
shy of peddling his poison.
The report ln the Bulletin laat
week that the Adams Biver Lumber Company was working eight
hours In their camps ls now denied
by a bunch of men who have just
coma from their camps. They say
that It Is nine hours on the job,
and walk both ways on your own
A letter has been received stating that the Headquarters camp at
Qolden la organized 100 per cent,
but Camp No. 2 Is hopeless at present, aa R. Higgins, executive mem.
ber -from the coast, stopped off
there on his way to ttia O. B. U,
convention at Port Arthur and
tried to install a delegate there but
failed to get a man to take on the
duties. This Is the reason why I
claim that an organizer on the road
for a month could do a lot of good,
as there are a lot of places that are
In the same fix, and could be organised lf the right man approached the men and showed them
where, if they were organized, It
would be a beneflt to them ln getting better living condltlona and ln
getting their camps fixed in a sanitary condition.
Secretary-treasurer,   >
^^^^^^^^^ To the fellow worker members of
A report comes from Camp No. 1 the L. ft C. W. I. U. of the O. B. U.,
at Enderby that they are organized Kamloops district.
Up to the spring of 1919, organ).
100 per cent, and are getting along 	
fine, although the delegate did not zaUo'nV th.TmL" iXa'trThe"™
& tTey ".Te BTSSTtS ** ™'» U"ltn°™'
also the
blanket, In that camp, but I expect; of "^lUon X!.* -° '.IS?'
4, which has aaked the manage- hy ., ,     ,  ,. _,«....
fi? -_- T ,52: BtLSZe cL" "»* '» «" • d Itr! t
Act,   which   I   think   they   have s,n0. that tlraa tt      h    „
agreed to do aa soon ae they can or two itplkM ,„ Mforo,.tha elght.
procure    he   beds   and   blankets, hour day_ and t]M ,0 m
eht.lt, pillow, and plllow-sllps.       Health Act, and other laws which
It la reported that the Iron Mask are written on the atatute books of
Mine, Kamloops, Is contemplating the Province. The Chase atrlke was
the building of a pipe line to supply can„i and maintained for that pur-
water to their respective mines, a p0Mi ,„„_ „tranM t0 ,ayi -U|t0 _
thing which ahould have been there number of the fellow workers who
• long time ago. It Is also report- wor, on strlke have resumed work
ad that the mine is a little wet, aa alonf wUh other fe„ow workers
moat mines are. Are those menand iome o( tho„ fellow worltera
who work there compelled to come wer, qu|te aoUv, ln tha Btr|he
to Kamloops ln order to take a Against long houra and poor, rotten
bath 7 Imagine a mine whloh haa conditions existing In the Adams
been working for yeara, having no River Lumber Co.'s campa at that
better accommodation for the work time. Have the conditions Improv-
men than that. What is the matter, «d any in those camps 7 K they
fellow workera? Wake up, and Join have, the L. C. ft W. I. U. ls not
the O. B. U., and show a little solid-1 aware of It. One thing that we are
arlty, and then ask the employer to 'aware of, Is that the working con-
give you ae fair a chance for a liv- < ditions have changed In so much
Ing existence as he has. Aa long that the company haa adopted the
aa you stand for what tha opera- '■ piece and contract system, seeming
tors tell you "we will fix thla, and | to have the hearty eupport of some
we will fix that,"—and until you of the men who struok against the
demand these things, you will al- j old conditions, who are now work-
ways live under sueh Inhuman oon- ing under the piece and contract
ditions aa exist at the Iron Mask ayatem, the moat damnable form of
alines. Join the Ona Big Unioni alavery known to the present and
Fee, $1.00; monthly duea, 11.00.      J past ales, and surely those fellow
A report reached hare this morn- workers can be oredited with having that a meeting waa held at Ing a little knowledge of the evils
Inare Wlra Faulkner's camp In the of tha piece-work or contract sys-
Coldwater dlatrlct at Merritt the Item,
other evening and the next morn- Until the advent of the organlsa-
Ing the delegate waa told that there tlon, piece-work or contraot work,
were too many men In camp, and' waa practically unknown or un-
that he would have to be laid off. heard of. The organization ls
The object of the meeting was to against lt, and doea not advocate
try to get a little Increase In wages, ju. Who does then? The compare the wages at Faulkner's camp, nies do, and the men who work at
are reported to be from SOo to 11.00 It help the lumber barons to defeat
entreatlea and exhortation^ tha one
answer, "No understand."
The living condltlona of tha eamp
here, on tha whole, are good. The
food Ie vary fair, and there are no
complaints to be made about the
Chinese cooks. Board is cheaper than ln many places, being only
11.20 par day. Aa for tha bunkhouses, they conform to the Union
requirements, there being alx men
to a bunkhonae, with alngle bunks.
At present the men supply their
own blankets, but there ia a standing offer from tha employera to
supply blankets, sheets, and pillowslips, for a certain weekly
charge. There la a good bath
house and drying room, equipped
with shower baths, washtubs and
washboards. Soap la supplied free.
At the weekly business meetinga
of the Union various mattera affecting the welfare of the members
are discussed. Several complaints
of minor sanitary conditions have
been made at these meetings, and
been remedied on the Camp Committee taking the matters up with
the employers, who have shown a
willingness to eomply with the requests of the men. At a recent
meeting the Referendum Ballots
were read and discussed, clause by
clause. An educational topic received attention at a later meeting, Fellow-worker Cassidy giving
a talk on "A Comparison of the
French and Russian Revolutions'
Vigorous discussions are the rule
not the exception, and forceful
speakers are being developed.
Of late the Prohibition question
has become of great Interest. To
take the place of scattered "bunk-
house arguments" a special meet
ing was called for the evening of
September 16. The meeting took
the form of a debate, Fellow-worker Stevenson speaking for Government control, and Fellow Worker C. Wilson for the present Prohibition Act. Following the speeches
of the leaders, an open discussion
ensued. This became very aitimat-
sentiment seeming to be about
equally divided, strong arguments
were brought forward on both
aides, the "Wets" criticizing the
"mockery" of the preaent Prohibition Act, while the "Drys" contended that government control would
be worse. The meeting refused to
commit itself, but opinion seemed
to favor .bone-dry liquor legislation,
in preference to either of tho half
measures to be voted on at the
forthcoming referendum. The
meeting continued until a late
hour, but bo much interest ts taken
in the question that it seems probable that other discussions will
take place before Oct. 20.
(Signed)       Camp Committee.
per day less than they ara at other
oamps on tha Coldwater,
There have been a few men come
Into thia office and make complaint
about the "Weekly Bulletin,"
claiming that tha reports published
In It were not true. Well, who is
to blame? The men who are giving me the reporta? I think myself that lt is a poor policy for anybody to report anything that la not
true, and from now on I hope that
anything that tha fallow workera
report will ba tha truth.
The long-looked-for dry aquad
■ot to work yesterday, and when
(taunt Kwdtaartara:
Vaaooxvsr, B. O.; I. Wiask, fl Osr-
tet. Stmt West
Onabnek, B. 0.; 3. H. Ihoaipna,
lex IS.
Cranbrook    Dlitrlet—Logal    adviser:   Oeorge Sprenll.
SasUeeps, B. O.; 3. L. Poterioa, Box
IIS, I Vlotoria Stroet.
Until, B. 0,i W. I. Kilmr, Box S.
lolion,  B.  O.i   B.  Bbkow,  (tan.nl
Meeting, sr. held ln the O. B. U.
Hall. Baker Street, Nelion, on the
flnt and third  Sender of oaoh
month at 8 p,m.
*«Mi*»«. »■ O.j F. W. Wrlghtaoa,
P. O. Box SAO.
Prince George, B. O.J O. F. ItolllseB.
Drawer to. ^
Waco Safest, B. 0.; 3. tt. BurroB|h,
BOX 198.
Vancouver, B. 0.; 3. II. Clark.   91
Oordova Stnet West.
Vletorl., B. C; J. c. Bunk.r, rooa I,
970 Johnion atroot.
Idaunton. Alt..;  O. larg, 10999—
Mist Street Bast. ""—
Tie   Pas   Manitoba—J.   B.   uith.
Oeasrai Delivery. '
Wianlpoi, Man.: Lumbsrworkon' Unloa, 199 Ksnry Annus.
Legal      adviiore:        UoMarnr
frheeldon,   llcllane"  »T£
Cochrane, Ont.j B. Orandoll, Osaoral
Fort Francis   Oal.; I. a. Bell, Box
990, Wehtier Hell. ~
lidhery. Oat; B. Dentin. Box 1991.
Lieger Stnet.
Moatnal; V. Blaotte, 99 It Laareat
the alma of the workera themselves.
Who is to blame then?
The question la: How la this
damnable form of slavery to be
stopped ? The anawer la, that every
union man who classifies himself aa
conscious worker refuse to do
work under such conditions or, lf a
way falls, which I oan't aee why lt
should, then let ua have war to the
knife within our ranks, with the
lumber barons aa delighted and
profiting onlookers, to do away
with piece-work and oontract work,
For instance, aay aome of the
boya have a contract for sawing at
1200 per M, etc., have another wor
ker offer to do It for (160 and ao
on. Because remember, fellow
workera, that la what lt will come
to, whether we want to do lt or not
tha companies will offer fair prices
at flrat, but when they gat the system working and the workers
speeded up they will cut the price,
So remember, fellow workers, the
15th day of October, 1920, la the
day aat to do away with piece work,
contract and bonus system. So I
hope the flght will be to raise the
wages and better conditions, not to
lower them.
Toura sincerely for organization,
One result of the slackness of tho
membership In this district In taking action on the several calls Issued for a district convention Is
that it will not be represented at
the O. B. U. convention at Port Arthur. The last call hae produced
some results, and the probabilities
ara that a oonvention will be held.
By tha time this la published, the
camps will have been notified of
the date. There are some more
campa to be heard from before the
date can be set.
Delegatea take notice: Albert Ta-
bert, T876, refused to pay back
dues at Sedgwick Bay, Q. C. I., and
was flred.
The poor accommodation at the
Buckley Bay hospital has been reported to the Compensation Board,
and the Provincial police requested
to take action on a reported case of
blind pigging at Buckley Bay.
Aa an instance of what some men
(?) will put up with, note the following: Michael Theodore's pole
camp, near Carnaby, G. T. P. camp
built ln a mudhole. Fourteen lower
and seven upper bunks ln a bunk
house 16x24; one 2x4 window; roof
one foot above the top bunks. Cook
house aaven feet from the bunk-
houae, and all refuse is thrown out
of the window, and lies ln a festering heap against the wall. Three
months' accumulation.   Phew!
Needless to say, there are
waahing or bathing facilities.
Slaves who are satisfied to live under such conditions would never
dream of aaklng tor such luxuries,
and lf they were provided, would
probably wonder what they were
for. Thla also has been reported,
with a request the camp be closed
until It complies with the Health
Efforta to get dolegates appointed
tn some small camps occasionally
elicit the reply that the camp IB so
small that It ia hardly worth while.
It la an excuse, not a reason. Members who take that stand ara falling down on their obligation to the
organisation. Good organization la
Impossible unless there is a delegate on every Job, no matter how
small the orowd. Camps with delegates get the literature nt the organization, and camps which do not
contribute to the expenses of the
union cannot expeot to get lt. It
all costs money, and the membership have to pay for lt. If they do
not pay for It, they cannot expect
to get It, and consequently will get
out of touch with affairs, and degenerate Into a bunch of sclssor-
biils. Sclssorbllls don't organize.
Don't be a aclasorblll.
Editor Jl. C. FederationiBt: In
regard to tht controversy about
Industrial and geographical forma
of organlutlon.
Raving attended the general convention of the Lumber Workers
and listened to, and taken a amall
part in tha debate over thla subject, I havo followed with lntereat
the articles pro and con which havo
appeared in tha Fed.
Tha O. B. U. waa organlaed ln-
duetrlally by Industrialists, and,
working on that line, haa grown
mora rapidly, and gained more
power in a short Ufa, than any organization haa aver done. Tbls la
particularly true ot tha Lumber
Workera' department Now, lust aa
we aro hitting our atrlde, ao to
apeak, cornea a movement to
change all this, This movement
Ufa flrat at the Lumber Workers
at the laat eonvention. The Lumber Workera are still tha strongest
department, and the back-bone of
the O. B. U. Time, no doubt, will
ohange thla, but It atlll remains a
In any movement against the
maater class which shows possibilities of power, there ls alwaya an
effort made to breed dissension In
the rank and to split It up Into parties (witness the returned soldiers'
clubs). There seems to be Just such
an effort being made in this caae.
It Is deplorable, but not unusual,
that it cornea from inside our or-,
ganization. The chief exponent of
thia idea to break up the Lumber
workers Industrially and form them
Into little geographical sections ia
Fellow Worker Midgley, the general secretary of the O. B. U. Here
Is a man selected by an industrially organized mass of workerB to act
as their secretary and to give them
the beneflt of his knowledge and
experience along Industrial lines.
He accepts certain pay for theBe
services and the proceeds to put in
his time belittling and attempting
to change the form of the strongest and most aggressive department
of that organization. Is that doing
the square thing? Can a mun serve
two masters?
At the general convention Secretary Mldgley said that there was a
lack of co-operation and a duplication of effort between the executives of the O. B. U. and those of
the Lumbor Workers. How Is it
possible for the secretary of the
Lumber Workers, who believes in
industrial unionism, to co-operate
with the general secretary of the
O, B, U. who believes In, and is
Working for, the geographicail
form? In my mind it is Fellow
Worker Midgley's duty to work for,
and advocate. Industrial unionism
so long as he accepts the pay of
such an organization. If the present form la so unsatisfactory tb
him, he should drop back Into the
rank and flle and work there to
show the majority where a change
would be beneficial.
At the convention we fought over
the question of abolishing the Lumber Workers for over a day, and I
think that at the finish the majority saw the superior merits of
our present form.
You loggers of the coast district
think twice and talk it well over
before you go through with the ac.
tlon paaaed at yonr dlatrlct oonvention. Rest aasured, that whether
you drop out or not, tha Lumbar
Workers department will continue,
and thare will ba a ra-orianlaed
eettt district, too, for tha beneflt of
(Ne many among you who do aot
believe In tha atep you contemplate.
Remember thla—that .there la
nothing in tho preaent form to prevent different induatrlal departments from working geographically whan lt la necessary, but that
under tha geographical form It
would ba extremely hard to work
Industrially, becauaa the affairs of
the loggers, mill men, ato., would
have to ba passed on by boards
-trom other Induetriea whloh might
in many caaea be In tha majority
and have no Interest in common
with tha loggen of another geographical district.
Think It over for yourselves and
don't let ono or two do all the talking and lead you out of the frying
pan Into tha lira.
Will the following members
please communicate with C mst
District Headquarters, or any one
knowing their present address,
please send the information:
H. Chalender,Wm, Brennan, Jno.
D. Marr, P. A, Vlgner.
R. Sangatrom, who has claim
claim against International Post ft
Pole Co.
H. Cameron, previously worked
for bolt camp of Grant ft McDonald.
Will G. McCaffree write to —
Henderson at 61 Cordova street
west, Vancouver, as soon aa possible?
Fritz William Schupple, last
heard of In Prince Rupert district
last November.
Frank Asslln, last heard of at
Pare's camp, Vaveny; Karl F. Mo-
Klnen, N. Dudakoskl, E. Dew, A.
Vesenikir,   G.   Whitelaw,   Donald
Forsyth, O. B. U. No. 1706;	
Tomkln, N. Koski, F. R. Solloway,
Jim Kinney.
Nels Sutterland, aged 61, haa a
compensation claim, No. 62,216.
Eastern membera are warned
not to pay dues or fees to H, C.
William- Romlk communicate
with ofllce—document has been
Wm. Gllroy, claim No. S4905,
previously worked for Ross Saskatoon Co.
Wanted to trace brother of M. S.
Baron, name Pete Baron, who was
laat heard of working In camps of
Waahlngton, four year's ago. Fellow workers south of line please
give this Information, If available.
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: In
the Issue of September 10th, Fellow Worker C. F, Morrison of the
Prince George district statea in hla
article, "No, Fellow Workers, the
politics of the working claas ara not
comprised within the confines of
the class struggle, for it la tha
struggle that determines the politics of the state, and not the poll-
tics that determine the struggle."
Now, as. I understand thla problem
(with my very limited amount of
knowledge) the modern clam struggle Is a struggle between masters
and' slaves for the ownership of
the meana of production, for thay
who own that to which I muat have
access ln order to live are my masters, I am their slave. The chattel
slave was bound to a definite master, and the feudal serfs tied to a
certain piece of land, but wo, the
modern wage slaves, have no fixed
owner, and have the privilege of
at times changing our masters. On
the one hand we have the capitalist class, on the other the working
class, between thom—nothing. A
closs-cqnscioua wage alave knows
full weil that all workera belong to
the working class, and who ahould
be conscious of it, and that all the
Sources of wealth belong to the
capitalist class who are conscious
of,It, and that this wealth must become the property of the workera
before they can control their own
'lives. The workers in modern Industry work together socially and
produce more than ls necessary to
satisfy the needs of humanity.
IThfere ls Just one obstacle that
stands In the way and stops the
workera from sharing socially what
they produce socially; that obsta-
•oie' is the "political state." By
'means of the state they are held
ain bondage, therefore, any action
taken by the working class to emancipate itself must of necessity be
'directed against the class whloh
Isolds lt In bondage.
As was stated In the Smlthers'
Report some few issues back, "The
politics of the working clasa are
comprised within the confines of
the class struggle, and conversely
the class struggle is necessarily
waged on the political Held." The
transformation from the present
system of capitalist anarchy to
that of Socialist co-operation must
be accomplished by political action
and political action aB I understand
it, means,. "Any action necessary
to deprive the capitalist class of
their property rights in the means
of wealth production."
The old war horse, Klngaley,
stated years ago, "When the workers acquire the knowledge essential
to a true understanding of their
class position they will emancipate
themselves—ballot or no ballot."
In conclusion I would say that
the social revolution will not be accomplished by any particular member of any particular working class
organization, but will be brought
about by the membera of the working claeB, acting under the "pressure of circumstances" (on the Job
—oft the Job—or In the bread line)
and will be determined according
to the amount or degree of their
Youn for emancipation,
Ooo., Oordon, BUI, Gronsett, Nile.
Marat, Ooo., Haatinga, C. I., Has-
aall, Jim, Hunter, V. H., Hultman,
Oswald,    Hawley,   Oaa.,  Hanson,
Chrla anl X„ Kay, Wm. J., Holme,
Akxel, Hokkanen,   Vlhtorl,   Hull,
Walter L., Hedge, A. «., Haig, Chaa,
Hunt Waa. H.
Isaacson, Frank.
Jones, Charles N„ Jones, W. H.
L, Jaanlnga, Ernest W„ Johnson,
A., Johansen, Victor, Jonissen, A.,
Jeffries, Frank, Jay, H„ Johnstone,
Kangus, Matt, Kvalnea, Helga,
Klngblam, Theodor, Kapp, Jerome,
Kean, Robert C, Klrby, M. T.,
Klyn, M., Kennedy, Alex and
George, Kinnalrd, J. R„ Kirk, J.
M„ Kato, David.
Lewie, Dick, Lindberg, Ernest,
Lynch, Charlie, Letneas, Mrs. John,
Lund, Frank, Larson, Karl and
Frank, Longboat, John, Leslie,
Jack, Lukutupa, Lardon, Jamea J,,
Labelle, B.
Marrltt, D. W., Milea, David and
George, Miles, C. I., Martin, Angus,
Match, A., Mess, Julius, Mooro,
Stanley, Miller, R„ Mlchnelson,
Rlohard, Moffat, G. L., Malloh, A„
Mann, Victor, Mathews, Chester,
Moran, P., Melsner, Ralph, Mlur,
K,.Moore, J., Mercereau, A. R.,
Malcolm, Andy, Manning, Harris.
McLean, Sandy and R. A„ McDonald, Angus and John E., Mc-
Caig, Jamea, McFarlane, Peter,
McGle, W. J„ HcConnachine,
Nelson, Albert and C„ Nelson,
George H., Nice, James, Merman-
din, Arthur, Nyberg, Emil, Nllevak,
M„ Newman,Patrick (registered),
Nykvlre, Oskar.
Olson, Geo. and Martin, O'Brien,
Pat, Ordant, Oliver, Oksale, Kust
A., Ojanen, C, Okasnetz, Mike, OI-;
aon, B. O. and Aron, Oliver, John,
Ortolan, J.
Pinaird, Michael, Fleraon, J., Pu-
rainen, Flortan, Parent, H, J.,
Pross, M., Peterson, Erin, Paradise,
Frank, Palo, Arthur', Parker, H.
R„ Pierce, H. S-, Powell, W., Pnrr,
Jack, Peterson, Morious and P.,
Pugh, Richard and Horace D, U„
Paterson, H. G., Peterson, NelB
Petrowltz, A.
Ross, G. T„ Roberts, J. and
Rubin, P., Radelet, H, Reddich,
David, Reid, Ammon, Rosseau, A.,
Rusan, Alex,, Robertson, Aimer,
Robert, Rush, J„ Reef, M. K.
Seguln, Clme, Stevens, W. H.,
Smith, Thomas, Scott, Harry and
Thomaa, Seppo, M, Switzar, Geo,,
Stretch, Ernest, Sillqulst, C. A.,
Strom, Alf, Sholdra, A., Scrutton,
E. J., Sorn, Robert, Smith, J. H„
Bather, Iver, Stretton, James, Stevens, Geo. and E., Sundln, John, Sullivan, Saarlnen, Victor, Singleton,
Thomson, Thomaa M„ Thompson, T. P., Tapp,   Jerome,   Tlc.i-
haara,  J.,  Tregor,  Telttza,   Murk,
Tollwola, Karl,   Taylor',    Fred C,
Trembley, Eugene,
Vogal, Fredrich, Vaklva, J,
Wilson, Barney,    Wilson,  Bert,
Wldlund,    Carl,    Wllloughby,  E.,
White, Mike, Watson, W. H., Wat-
aon, Joseph, Wlbo, A„ Webb,  M.
H„ Waldencroft, E. A„    Weldon,
Wlllsle, Walton, C. W.. Wunderle,
C, Wylle, James, Webster, W. W.
Zlvlko, 8., Zurbriggen, B., Zub-
rey, H.
Registered Mall.
Blomgrew, H„ Bret, Harry, Carson, Gerald,  Collins,  Gust,  Davis,
Wm., Hutchinson, T., Luter, Karl,
Sharp, A. J., Watts, Robert, Wllloughby,  B„ Noonan,  Patrick.
C. B. Clark, Hastings, C. E.
Lumber and Camp Workers' Industrial Union of   the    One Big
Union Headquarters.
Profits and the Working Class
(Addressed especially to the Blece,
* bonus anu contraot workert)
Tho coit of living mount! higher
and higher, and our matters' hirelings tell ua ln the preaa, from the
roitrum and pulpit to Increaie production; tell ui to work, work,
work. Work to them and their
maatera — work of a productive
character—seems to be a cure-all
for preient day economic evils, a
medicine, aa lt were, which tbey
very considerately leave for the
worker to take, refusing to deprive
him of any part of tt. The worker,
in spite of tbls Inconsistency, seems
willing to take the medicine prescribed. He works with evident
relish during the day, and devotes
half of the night to discussion with
bis fellow, workeri on how to do
this or that more efficiently, or else
he ilti up and studies some course
In Induitrlal training so he can
produce more profits for the boss.
Still the cost of living mounts, and
all his work seems to have becn'in
vain. But It baa accomplished
something. It has brought the
workers so much nearer the bread
line, and the time when they will
bave plenty of opportunity to reflect on the philosophy of work
while looking for jobs, or chasing
the ofttlmes elusive bread crust.
Permit Speeding Vp
Many of the workeri, especially
the lumber jacks in the Interior of
B. C. and in Ontario, are evident-
ly taking the bosses' word for It,
when he tells them to speed up to
It ls with great interest that the
men of Camp B. read the L. ft C.
W. I. U. page of The B, C. Federationist. Particularly are they Interested in tbe reports from various
oamps. As no strikes, or other unusual occurrences have taken place
for some time, either here, or at
any of the other Rock Bay camps,
no publicity has been given to local
union activities. This short account
will, however, show that the organisation, far from being dormant, Is
a very strong and active one here.
Every man In camp, with the exception of the foreman, and of one
Chinese cook, belongs to the union.
That Chinaman has been appealed
to by every means within the power
of the delegate and other memberi
to take out a card; all to 'no effect.
Secure ln his lack of knowledge of
the English language, and masked
by his impassive Oriental countenance be returns to ail questions.
Campbell's Camp
On an average 25 men in the
camp, 100 per cent union men;
good cook and good food; new dining room, double floor; new bunkhouse. all bottom bunks, steel
springs and new mattresses; hot
house, dry house, shower bath room
with hot and cold water; pay. day
with bank checks every day, week
or month, as the member desires.
Boss friendly, or rather neutral toward the union, a man who went
through the mill and all kinds of
rough and tumble himself and Btill
worki ln the woods with us as hard
as any of ui. Meetings regular
every two weeks; work eight houra
camp to oamp; good place for any
man to work except that a man
who refuses to join the unton will
have a fine reception there.
Re Fellow Worker Richardson's
death. We were ln the act of hanging a bull block on a stump. We
had got this bull blook up to the
stump, but lt was on the wrong
side io to get It In lti right place
we uied the haul-back line to swing
Will J. Augustes write to L. Martin, Manitoba Hotel, Vancouver, B.
lt around. Thli block swung too
far around and the strap which was
attached to it struck Fellow Worker Richardson just below the ear,
breaking his neck. The body laid
ln camp for three days and It was
then taken to Powell River.
Notice—A man named N. J. McDonald, known an. Shorty McDun
aid, refuses to join the union, and
has been made to leave here. All
delegates be on the lookout for him,
production one-fifth, one-fifth more
workers would be required ln Industry in order to produce the
same amount of wealth aa at present produced, and the workers, Instead of aa at present getting one-
fifth of their produce In return for
their labor power, would get one-
fourth; unemployment would then
practically cease to exist, becausi
the markets would not, become
glutted to the extent tbey now do.
The cry for Increased production
amounts to a cry for more profits,
and the high cost of living* bogei
lends an excuse for the cry* whil*
sorting also as a bli-nd to keep thi
employers' real meaning from I
gullible working class. If the employers were to utter a bald cry foi
more profits the workera would not
be fooled, and the words "mon
profits" would reveal the true pur*
pose of those uttering tbe cry; tf
would show the workers that what
the employers want Is not a reduction of prices, but to pile up wealth
with which to subjugate the mon
militant portion of thetr alaves.
Increase of Production
"Increased production." nice
sbunding phrase that is, and, veiled
with other altruistic sounding
phrases about public welfare and
reduction of "abnormally" high
prices, moat workers would fail to
grasp its truly insidious significance
although lt ls one of the sugar-
coated poison pills given to the
working class by master class prostitutes.
There may be workers who, aftef
reduce the cost of   living.     They readlng the preceding paragraph*
have taken jobs on piece work or are Btm unable t0 underBtttnd th|
Uncalled for Mall.
Anderson, Frits and A. S.. Anderson, Stephen, Aston, A,, Asman, I.
H., Alfred. H., Abboll, M.
Benson, O, Broadbent, H., Blnk-
man, W. J., Brannon, o., Brown,
Herbert, Borden, W., Bell, Bruce,
Bayne, Andrew, Bablch, M„ Brooks,
J. Burton, W. U. and Henry, Bren-
non, F., Boshko, J., Backus, Benj.
Carlson, Oddlence, Collin, Que,
Campbell, M. C. and O. M., Campbell, Thomas, Cornell, Cliff, Car-k,
son, Oeorge, Cheaney, Alonso, Cun.
'ningham, C, Castle, Jack, Carlson,
Olaf, Casey. John, Conyell, Hayden,
Cruse, C, Clinton, Brownlee, Con-
terdim, F. V.
Dyson, Geo. A., Dhont, H., Dl-
monco, I, Dunbar, Alex., Davis, Ed.,
Sevoy, T. P.,    DeGreek,   Oeorge,
avis, Harold, Drew, E.
Ellison,    Henry,    Erickson,    P.,
,"Evans. W. R.
' Forsberg, A., Freeman, Claude,
Flanagan, Louis, Forgale, Andrew,
'Fournler, W., Fraser, Donald,
Foulds, aek, Fltsgerald, Thos., Fall-
as,' Carl, Flle, John J., Forsblom,
' Goodma'n, P., Gus, Ellck. Oretg,
l*Tom, Grant, H. J., Gagnon, Alex.,
..Gibson, S. E., Gaffney, John, Gou-
'seth,  Emil,  Glllls,  M.  C„ Govler,
Life at Prince Rupert drydock
haa Its diversions as well as Its
tribulations. Rotten grub and its
after effects are offset ln a mea
sure by contemplation of the an
tics of the old line labor "representatives" ln their desire to im
press the common herd with their
superior gifts and abilities. The
latest stunt was very diverting,
Machinists have heen getting SOc
per hour. They had expressed
desire for more, in order to inerease their quantum of hay and
oats tn this city of high prices and
hot air. The company recommend
ed that they be represented by
three delegates to talk things over
with them. "Live Wire" Adams,
In putting this suggestion to the
mon, expressed his willingness to
repreient them, but alone. If they
decided to lend more than one
they could leave htm out. He was
absolutely confident that he could
get them 10 per cent., and warming up te his theme promised to
get them IB per cent. Carried
away by his eloquence they decided to Increase thetr' demands
to IB per cent, nnd the live wire
given the honor of brlnglit
home the bacon. At the next meeting he had the htnoi* to report
that tbe firm hai agreed to pay
2 l-2o more per hour for machinists "and more for good men."
Kis account of the meeting was
even more diverting—although he
would not understand this view of
It. Everything went along swimmingly until the crisis was reached, and then one of the officials
(whom he had itated to the mon
he could convince of the justice of
the claims) headed him off every
time. Most exasperating! He was
quite flabbergasted and voluble
with excuses. Noon hour was nearly up, and a vote was taken on accepting or rejecting the 2 Mo—
and they accepted tt. Then the
master's voice roared from the
smokestack, and they jumped for
their tools.
A similar offer' wns mnde recently to the employees in the plpc-
flttlng shop, and rejected, the mon
Insisting on a flat rate, and they
got it without any trouble.
'Tls a strange world.
Firs, limited, or Rees & Black .Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines. Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Prince Rupert Spruce Mills fired boom men for demanding union wages.
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp l___■^■^^,J.,„Drury Inlet
contract, and others have permitted J
themselves to be speeded up wtth
a bonus system. In ordinary day of
month work a worker is paid a
stipulated sum of money, or exchange value, for a stipulated
amount of labor time, regardless
of whether he produces a large surplus value for his employer, or not,
while on piece, contract or bonus
work, he Is required to produce a
stipulated amount of surplus value
for u stipulated sum of igioney, or
exchange. Now, let us see what
euch of theso conditions result ln,
and how they ultimately react on
the workers' "right to work."
It is admitted, we will say, that
before the employers hire a man
they must know he wtll produce a
profit over and above the price of
his own labor power, or, to use the
common term, the wages he receives for his work. This profit Ib
termed "surplus value." Taking It
on the average, the amount of surplus value produced by each worker ln Industry ls about four-fifths
of the worker's entire product. In
other words, If a worker produces
five dollars' worth of wealth he is
very altruistically giving his master four dollars' worth out of it,
keeping only a dollar's worth himself. The parasite class—the capitalists and their retainers—are unable to consume the vast amount
of surplus value produced by the
workers, while the workers consume their share of what they have
produced. This condition leads to
periodical Industrial crises or flnan
cial break-downs; when millions of
workers are introduced to soup kitchens, bread lines and missions.
Eat as Usual
During these periods ot hard
times for the workers, the parasites, who have done no useful
work, eat their usual three squares
a day, and sleep In a feuther bed.
The workers must wait until the
surplus ls consumed before the parasites can give them Jobs; and ln
the meantime, live as best they can.
The workers themselves are to
blame for these periodical "hard
times," however, because they insist on producing not a small
amount of surplus value for their
masters, as It Ib possible to do
when working for ordinary day or
month wages, but an Immensely
large amount, on account of permitting themselves to be speeded
up through various systems.- Instead of doing as little work as possible for as much money as possible to keep the amount of surplus value they produce at its very
lowes, they try to glut the markets with their products, to work
themselves out of jobs, and to swell
the unemployed army as much as
possible, so, lf tbey try to obtain
better conditions and wages, the
employera will have plenty of unemployed men on the labor market
with which lo replace those who desire to live like men.
Market Limited
The market for commodities, be
they shoes, rails, elothing, lumber,
or anything else, Is limited by the
purchasing power of those who
need them. For example, If you
happen to be an average lumber
workor you are homeless, although
you very much desire a home, but
your desire counts for nothing because you have Insufficient exchange value, or money, to buy
lumber and other building material to build a home with. Thus, to
that extent, the lumber market Is
limited by your power to purchase
lt to build a home with. If millions of other workers are in the
same position while productlng
four times as much as they can
buy, lt can be plainly seen where
the markets for various commodities produced will soon become
glutted, and where, as a consequence, industry must Inevitably
If the workers would cut down
Any one knowing the present
address of James Balfour, please
communicate with 11 Cordova St.,
West, Vancouver.
Fellow-worker Dan McDoifald,
Mc26l, wss killed at Sedwlck Bay,
on the 27th of August.
Any one knowing the present address of Roscl E. Dlmmock, who
formerly worked at Tarco's shingle
bolt oamp, please communicate
with Vancouver headquarters.
Pan the Federationist along and
help get new subscribers.
The strike at Johnson's camp,
Jervis Inlet, and the strike at Cnmp
17, Ocean Falls, have been settled
satisfactory to the men.
Republican and Detnocrnt presl
dentlal candidates of the United
States, are now accusing ono another of hiring a fanatic to hurl tho
Wall Street bomb. But AUorney-
Generni palmer ls now snying that
the American Federation of Lnbor
might be connected with tho dynamiting plot.
New York—Threats by an officer
of the American Legion that speakers opening the Socialist enmpuign
here would be subjected to rigid
surveillance have proved groundless, Thenty-three meetings were
held the first night throughout the
Iclty without Interference from Legion members,
position thy are in with relation t«
their own class while speeding up;
If there are any I will ask then
to take tho following statements a)
their face value, as they alwayi
take tho statements of professional
liars, suoh aa newspaper men,
preachers and capitalists. It la I
true Indictment of the ipeed-uf
The Speed Worker
The speed-up worker ta the foster parent of the whole criminallj
depraved social system undei
which we live. He Is the only real
criminal tu existence. Based on hli
original crime of producing excess
profits for the employing class Ii
the crime of Ignorance, of which hi
himself Is a victim, and the crimes
committed by the employing clau
against the working clasa. If ons
were to go Into a 'court with the
evidence presented to a thinking
creature against a speed-up worker, the judge, it he were fair and
impartial, would decide auch worker was trying his utmost to commit suicide, homicide, bigamy,
highway robbery, and every other
crime on the calendar, besides trying to produce unemployment, war,
disease, pestilence and starvation.
Profits are essentially the basis ot
the existing social order, and every
crime, or social disease, can bq
traced directly to some inherent
fault of the social order. If the
workers refuse to produce proflti
this criminally wrong social ordei
will die from lack of nourishment,
and the less profits the workeri
produce the Iobs sustenance then
will be to nourish the evils which
are lti inherent characteristics. Ts
the extent a worker produces profits Is he guilty of crimes traceable
to the social order. A plea of lg*
norance Is no excuse, because a
person who refuses to study hli
social status and his relationship
to the rest of humanity, with plenty
of books for social study available
at any library, Is committing worsi
than a crime against humanity; hi
Is a criminal against himself..
Profits Cause of War
It was the profits produced bj
labor which caused the recent war.
From the surplus produced by tht
workers, and with the workers' labor power machine guns, cannon,
battleships, munitions, barbed wlr<
and bayonets were produced tl
slaughter other workers with. I(
the workers had refused to product
more than enough to give themselves the necessaries of life, where
would the various governmenti
have gotten the enormous surplui
required to carry on the war, and
what would there have been to gu
to war about? H was the profit!
produced by labor which caused
the 19U-1907-1903-18D3 Industrial
crlceff, when millions of the workeri
In Canada and the United Statei
who had produced those profit^
went hungry, and saw their sister*
wives and sweethearts Belling theli
bodies to the profit mongers as thej
themselves hud formerly sold thefl
muscle and brain.
It Is the prollts produced by labor which is used by the capitalist
class to keep that parasitic aggregation of plunderers which go ta
make up the vurlous branches ol
what is known as tho ploltlcal state,
for the purpose of keeping sacred
the "right" of the rich to plunder
the poor.
It Is the profits produced by labor which sends the capitalists'
children to college while the work,
er must be contented with a common school education, and often ni
education at all.
It Is the profits produced by labor which keeps the preacher,
priest and lawyer looking fat, sleek
and well dressed, while they do no
useful work, or contribute nothing
but their parasitic existence to society in return for their livllhood.
It Is the profits produced by labor which lends stability to the
wholo rotten social structure. Without those profits that social structure founded on the robbery of the
working cluss will give way and a
new society must talte Us place. Let
us hope that thu workers—"the pillars of society"—will develop sufficient intelligence to take over the
reinB of social administration when
that time comes, and establish a
society wherein all humanity will
co-opernte lo tho end that ull shall
have their needs satisfied through
production for use oi all humanity
instead of production for proflt for
the few to the Impoverishment of
the many.
Hw long—how long will the
workers continuo to carry their Immonso burden of parasites? How
long will they continuo to produce
profits? How long will they continue to speed-up, when to speed,
up is criminal?
FRIDAY. Ootober i, Mt
frubluhod .Tory Friday morning by The a 0.
Fedorationist, Limited
fight both Liberalism and Toryism, for
they both stand for the continued exploitation of the working class.
Dffice:   Labor Tempi.,  405 Dunsmuir  Stroet
Telephone Seymour 5871
Bubieribtion Rates: United States and Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, 12.60 per year, .1.00
for Bix months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, lflo per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  The Hope of th. World
FRIDAT    October  1,  19J0
ronto Trades Conncil, the secretary
was instructed to forward a resolution
to the minister of labor protesting
against the Labor Gazette being used as
a _ propaganda medium to
A mislead the publio, specific
DIKE reference being made to the
THREAT Bulletin recently published,
which is supposed to deal
with information respecting the Bussian
Soviet system and its propaganda in
North America. In his reply to the Toronto Central Labor body, tho minister
of labor, amongst otber things, has the
following to say:
I notice that Socialist papers, such
as the "Industrial Banner" and the
"B. C. Federationist" have been
pleased to misrepresent the department's motive in preparing and distributing the information contained
in the pamphlet. If the unreasonable attack is continued it will probably be necessary to supplement the
pamphlet by further information
which I can assure you, if issued,
will be quite interesting to the people of Canada.
The minister of labor has heaped mueh
abuse on the Federationist, but we fail
to see what we bave ever done to be
linked up with the Industrial Banner. It
is true that we have espoused Socialism,
bat there is Socialism and Socialism.
Outside of this further gratuitous insiHt,
there is however the threat contained in
the minister of labor's letter. This cannot go unchallenged, and we challenge
the minister of labor, the government
•nd all the departments connection with
it to bring forth the goods. On a previous occasion when inferences were
made by members of the government we
stated-that if there is proof of any attempt to set up a Soviet government in
this country, then the people should be
fully informed. If, however, the further
revelations are such as the minister of
labor indicated to a committee that interviewed him last Saturday, then all we
have to say is that the sooner the "revelations" are public property the better,
as no one will suffer except the minister
of labor and the other members of the
government that were hoaxed by citizens
committees and st6ol pigeons that lied
and admitted that they lied in open
galore in the next few months,
character: "Lay on, McDuff, and damned
be he who first cries hold!"   Enough!
WITH A BLARE of trumpets, and
much oratory, the Liberal leader,
the Hon. Mackenzie King is Attempting
to resurrect the Liberal Party. We can
agree with all he has said about the present administration,
LIBERALISM and if necessary, can
'AMD add considerable, but
LABOR having done all that,
there is no proof offered to the workers that Liberalism can do
anything to solve the problems of the
working class. If history shows any:
thing, it demonstrates that Liberalism
and Toryism are both branches of ruling
class institutions, and can only, in the
last analysis, function in the interests of
the class that they represent. This being
so, the attempt to revivo Liberalism in
this country should have no attractions
for the working class, and while recognizing that the present administration is
both anarchistic and autocratic, there
would be no gain to the working class of
any material benefits should the Liberal
Party assume power at tho next election.
I'In fact the revival of that party will be
a detriment to working class interests,
e * *
•    When war-time exigencies drove the
''■ ruling class interests together, and the
'Union government was formed, the way
; was cleared for working class political
action.   Even at that time in many in-
' stances, Liberalism that could not bo as-
' limilated by the new alignment, stepped
j between capital and labor on the political
' field, and in some instances at least, be-
j clouded the issue before the poople at the
time of the 1917 election.   As in the Old
Land, thc situation in this country is ripe
for a definite line up on the political
field between the present ruling class and
the working class.   The revival of Liber-
- alism will only becloud the issue, and in
S Spite of all the platitudes uttered by the
I new leader of the old Liberalism, nothing
i. can be gained by the working class by
; lining up with this force.   If the Liberal
| leader is sincere in his statement that the
t solution for Labor unrest is more ade-
! quote representation, both in the councils
[ of the nation, and in the industries with
i which the work of Labor is associated,
, then thero is only one courso for him to
; take, and that is to leave tho doad to
: bury its dead, and let the issue be fought
' between the big interests and the work-
1 ing class in this country.   Labor, however, will as time goes on, and education
is obtained, force tho ruling class interests into thc one oamp.  The workers will
demand 'and take not only control of the
councils of thc nations, but the industries
and operate them in the interests of the
only useful class in socioty, nnd that is
the working class.     How this will be
done we don't know, but we can safely
gay that as Europe  comes  under  the
sway of thc new order, and the present
capitalistic   system   crumbles,  that   the
Workers of Canada will be compelled to
WHILH EMPIRES shatter, and capitalism staggers to its doom, there
are many people that are concerning
themselves about questions that do not
count, and are but chimeras of imagin-
-ation, and the imma-
NATIONALIZA- ture concept of minds
TION NO that    have    not    yet
SOLUTION learned    to    think.
Amongst these arc nationalization of mines and other natural
resources, and industries that have grown
up under capitalism. Public ownership
of public utilities still holds much charm
for those that have the idea that if the
public utilities were controlled by the
authorities that all would be well. They
imagine that cheap car fares, lighter railroad tariffs, and such like, would lessen
the load that the working class is compelled^ bear. While it may be true in
some instances that the employees of a
municipal owned street railway, or a
government owned railroad, receive
slightly better treatment than do the employees of privato concerns, yet the fact
remains that the operatives of such sys-
toms are but slaves who must produce
profits, and so long as that condition remains, there can be no real freedom or
material improvement in the status of
the working class.
* » *
Under feudalism, the concept was individual, and while oapitalism has prevailed for a considerable time, the old
ideas cling. Many workers still think
that they are free because of the fact
that they can quit a job and seek another
master. But the fact remains that the
workers in selling their labor-power, are
compelled to sell it to a class. This fact
being realized, it is then easy to see that
under capitalism, government railroads
and municipal operated street car systems, and nationalized mining industry,
must conform to the methods of production under capitalism, and that it is impossible for very much differentiation in
the treatment of the workers that are engaged in the operation of the publicly-
owned utilities or natural resources. This
cry of nationalization has been most prominent in the Old Land, and from press
reports, we learn that it may be that the
government will not go ahead with the
nationalization of the railroads. Much
has also been heard of the miners socking the nationalization of the mines.
With the memories of the war period before them, it is passing strange that the
workers in Great Britain have not
thought of the nationally-operated munitions factories, and the compulsory labor
that prevailed during the war period.
Still greater examples can be found in
the post office department, and other nationally-operated concerns, of which
there are plenty to prove that nationalization is but a dream based on misconception and fallacy.
* *   '     •
Nationalization will not cure the evils
of capitalism. It is true that if all .industry was operated by the state, that
the government would be in charge of the
industrial operations, but the operation
of industry under capitalism by governments would still entail all the evils of
the present system. It is the present capitalistic method of production that is the
cause of the existing conditions in Europe, and the war that leads up to the
devastation of the greater part of the old
world. ■ When any industry, whether it
be a railway, or any other branch of production, changes ownership, amongst
members or groups of the present ruling
class, it does not alter the situation.
Neither would nationalization solve the
problems of the working class. The only
cure for the evils of oapitalism, as we
have said on many occasions, is to destroy it. Human slavery cannot bring
happiness to the dispossessed of the
world, and from what we have seen of
the operation of industry by capitalistic
governments, the nationalization of industry would only bring the workers
still further under the iron heel of the
present ruling class. The system of capitalism cannot be operated in the interests
of the working class, and the sooner this
is realized the sooner the workers will
cease chasing raindows, and bring about
their emancipation by abolishing the system that enslaves them.
THE NOMINATION of a Labor candidate in the Yale by-election has provided another opportunity for Mr. Makovski to show his versatility. This time
he has emerged as a farmer, and if advices received from
THE Summerland  are   cor-
YALE rect, then he was able
BY-ELEOTION to fool the farmers
into entering the field
with no other object than securing the
election of the government candidate. We
have repeatedly taken tlie position that
whenever the opportunity offered the
workers should assail the power now
held by the ruling class by its control of
governmental powers. The Yale by-election provided such an opportunity, providing that the working class candidate
stood on a working class platform, and
assumed an uncompromising position so
far as the present system is concorned.
We realize that the election of a working
class candidate would not by any means
solve the Labor problem, but the opportunity of an election to demonstrate the
class nature of governments should never
be overlooked.
* * »
The farmer-soldier candidate is the
joint choice of the G. W. V. A., the farmer's convention and Mr. Makovisky.
The platform of the candidate is of such
a nature as to prove conclusively that the
farmers havo not yet seen the position of
the working class, and it could easily bo
adopted by thc Liberals, but we do not
considor that it is too far a stretch of
imagination to assume that if a Labor
candidate had not beon nominated, that
there would have bcen no farmer candi
date. There is also every indication that
the farmer party is to become just as
good a political football as the returned
men's organizations have been, and if
this is so, then the workers have nothing
else to do but to attack the farmers'
party. Those that would seek for unity
between the farmers and the city workers, will naturally resent this position.
But the working class can no more co»n-
proiuise with the farmers than they can
with the reactionary forces within their
own ranks. The class issue has been
made very clear in this country by the
actions of the Dominion government, and
the workers must keep that issue clear.
The issue between the present ruling
class and the working class is one of
ownership. There can be no other, but
this issue can be more clearly brought
home to the workers by propaganda, and
an election fought on a class issue is one
of the best mediums for carrying on the
educational work. The Yale election
could be made the opportunity of carrying on working class propaganda, and
the oandidate of the Federated Labor
Party will be responsible for that work.
Time will tell whether he measured up to
standard, but it has been most ably demonstrated by the farmers that they are
being used by political and mental prostitutes, even although thoy don't know
it. But if they don't know it, the sooner
they wake up and understand the working elass position, the sooner they will
make headway with their fellow slaves
in industry. Thc promier has stated that
the farmers party has joined forces with
the Vancouver and Winnipeg seditionists
and Bolsheviki. It would appear to us
that the farmers of Yale have joined the
government forces.
If there are still any members of the
working class that have the opinion that
the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, which organisation is manipulated
by Paddy Draper and Moore, is of any
service to them, the following- editorial
comment from the Statesman may aid in
their enlightenment.
"Mr. Tom Moore, who appears to
be a pocket edition of Mr. Draper, is
playing for high stakes when he attempts to wheel Labor into line behind the government.   Labor in Canada lias bcen jockied out of its place
in the political life of Canada by
leaders who, by no stretch of imagin-;,
ation, can be classed as democrats.,'
The government neutralized the sol* i
diers' organizations by the same me;;
thods adopted to divide and destrf^|.
Labor. If trades unionism in Canada
can rise no higher than the level set;
by Draper and Moore, it is already
doomed, and must give place ttf'|J{
more intelligently directed political
organization.    What greater insult
could be offered to Labor in Canada''
than the premier's claim that in p|<i£;j
moting Senator Robertson the government had shown sympathy with
The New Democracy, a paper published at Hamilton, in its last issue, had the
two following editorial comments, on the
recent Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada convention:
"Hare-brained schemes, calling for
the application of oconomic power to
enforce recognition of Soviet Russia,
the establishment of an Irish Republic, industrial unionism along undefined lines, the financing of Labor
parties out of funds of international
unions and other disruptive schemes,
met a well-merited fate.
"The British fraternal delegate to
the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada, Mr. J. Davidson, M.P., made
a fine impression. His address was
brief and to the point. It* was a
masterpiece of logic and eloquence.
Incidentally, it demonstrate!! how far
in advance our British brothers are
of the Labor movement on this side
of the pond."
We leave our readers to draw their
own conclusions. The British Labor
movement has done all of the so-called
hare-braining things which congress did
not do.
It waa hardly possible that the Old
Land would escape the plot rumors. During the week we learn from press dispatches that there has been a goodly
crop of bomb outrages and other "atrocities" which were about to be pulled off,
discovered. Unlike Canada or the United
States, however, the authorities have
been wise, and openly stated that they
could discover nothing. We would suggest that the government of this country
take a leaf from the methods used by the
Old Country authorities, and investigate
"Sovietadministration," and not let fefr
of something they know nothing about
cause ministers to act aa if they wete
hypnotized. '.'  I
'        ' tf \_
Having much respect for law viand
order, we are much concerned att.t»e
violation of the Tramways Regulation
Act which is taking place in this^sitk
Cars that would appear to have apm
out of the ark are being run daily without gates, and other safety provisions are
ignored. Evidently the B. C. Electrjc
Railway Company is a law to itselt -
  " |
"Young man requires situation; housework, assist cooking, make bread; smart,
clean, respectable; references." So reads
an advertisement in a local daily paper.
The sex equality movement surely is
working wonders these days. Will
changed conditions require young men to
pass in domestic science?
Sam Gompers is reported to have
taken a trip in an aeroplane. He hardly
needed to do that—he is up in the "air"
most all the timer
court.   In thc words of a Shakcspcareian
When all the politicians ge\ busy, it is
not hard to guess that there is something
doing.   There is likely to be elections
(By Evelyn Sharp, In the Manchester Guardian
I suppose it would be rightly
considered a .weeping statement to
say that, coming to Lgndon from
Berlin, one is chiefly struck by the
faot that the children playing ln
the street, look fat and dirty instead of thin and clean. Of course
one know, that thor. are also thin
children—far too many of them!—
in our own cities; and know., further, tk. reuon. why, if they are
also clean; thl. 1. a triumph for
their mothers, under present conditions. But lt Is even a greater trl-
umph for German working mothors
that, however emaciated or rickety
of tuberaulous their ohlldren may
be, tho always Mem to be neatly
dressed, and are rarely dlrti.r than
healthy youngsters of any class
anywhere would be after a morning's play out of doors.
This la a greater triumph for the
German mother, because the obstacles ln her case to maintaining a
decent standard of neatness and
cleanliness aa so nearly insurmountable, after four years of war
and two of peace, that only her extraordinary thrift and self-respect
have probably enabled her to keep
up tho struggle at all. Soap is still
sold at a price that would make it
prohibitive to a working-class with
a lower standard ot cleanliness, and
all but the luxury kinds are a
wretched compound of grease and
grit, which leaves a residue of sand
In every receptacle In which lt has
been used. The bristles of many
of the brushes used are imitation
brlatles; I have seen nail-brushes
in which they were made of rice
straw, "bests Krsuu-Glanxtarke"
(bost substitute starch) tells its
own tale; yet blouses and linen
come home from the wash as well
"got up" as lf the laundress had
no difficulties to overcome. As for
the actual clothing of the children,
one has to examine Its origin before taking It as evidence ot the
prosperity of their parents, ln nine
cases out of ten it is made from
towels, plilow-casos, table-cloths,
curtains; in fact, It would be true
to say, both of middle-class and
worklng-cass families ln Germany
today, that they carry their household goods on their backs,
It must be remembered, however,
that mothers elsewhere who do not
belong to the wealthy classes are
driven to a similar exercise of ingenuity, as may be proved by any
exhibition being held during a
"baby week" in this country. I
only mention the German mother's
shifts for washing and clothing her
family because they afford another
proof that it ls not wise to Judge
by appearances in Germany todjiy
if one wants to arrive at a fair estimate of her condition.
"Ersatz" Ifl, indeed, still the keyword to the state- of Germany,
though some of the war, or rather
blockade substitutes are less prominent than they were. That la to
say, not all the materials and foodstuffs you now see ln the shop windows are other than they seem. But
her., too, th. makeshifts are often
■o Ingenuous as to be very misleading to th. casual observer. You
know where you are with coffee
that is sharply defined as "Bohnen-
Kaffee" (bean—that is real—coffee) or as "Ersats-Kaffee," and our
grim English Joke in distinguishing
"fresh eggs" from "eggs" is paralleled by th. German way of describing honey as "Bienen-Honig"
(bee's honey) or simply as "Honig."
And a charming picture of a rising
moon in a blue back-ground of
stars doe. not deceive anyone into
thinking that the gritty mixture
sold as "Malmond (May-moon)
Theo" has any real relation to tea.
Equally obvious was the repaired
0. J. Mengel
Writes aa classes of insurance.
Representing only first-claw
Board companies. If Insurance
ia wanted, write or phone Sey.
Offloe   addrew,   308-»   Winch
Bulldlnf, Vancouver, B. C.
shop window I saw, where the enormous cost of a whole new sheet
of plate glass had heen avoided by
the substitution of a glass patch
neatly fitted Into the hole and joined to the rest of the window, as
leaded panes are fixed In a lattice
window. Less dramatic, though not
less successful, was the substitute
for coal I was shown ln a large
cable factory near Berlin, where
the furnaces were fed almost entirely with old tree-roots, extracted
from the ground by means of explosives.
But other substitutes are less
easily detected. I had been weeks
ln my hotel room, for Instance, before I discovered that the rug, a
really pretty rug, in tones of blaek
and brown and rose, was made entirely of paper. I travelled about
many times in trains before lt was
proved to me by a rent In the material tbat the railway carriages
were upholstered ln a paper fabric
exactly corresponding in appearance to the stuff with which they
were covered formerly. The paper
substitutes are no doubt among the
cleverest of the inventions that necessity has mothered of recent
years in Germany. I have seen paper curtains and hangings that
would defy any test but that of
touch, a little stiff In the folds, perhaps, but available In many-col-
ored striped designs that are very
pleasing. I have seen a child's paper frock, the Inside of which was
soft and fluffy, like some kinds of
flannelette; and a woman's paper
skirt, which, until one felt it, would
pass anywhere for blue serge; and
men's paper braces and paper sock-
susponders, which were perfect In
every detail except for the look ot
Por, with all their Ingenuity, they
do not seem to have found a satisfactory substitute for rubber, al-
(Continued on page B}
Phon* Seymoar £499
The Whole Company In That
Merry Comedy        '
"The Very Idea"
Repeat Performance
by request
"The Land '
of Wonder"
undor the direction of
Mile. Belates-Barbes and
Harold Nelson Shaw
For Educational Purposes
On Saturday, Oct. 2
8 to 10 p.m., at
225   Performers — Song
and Dance Ballet
Tickets 26o, 50c and $1.00
at W. F. Evans' .Music
Children accompanied by
adults, 25o to any seat
in tha Emprese Theatre
Sunday, Oct. 3
M S p.m.
Undtr th* auspice*  of Grand
Army of United Veteran!
Perry & Dolk
Of 419 Dunsmuir Street (Labor Temple)
Announce that after September SOth they will carry on
business at BOOM 83, BURNS BLOOK (Next Pantages
This Is the
Mackinaw Season
and we hare plenty of the real good Carss kind.
Black Mackinaw coati, $ie.60
and 130.00.	
Fancy Mackinaw Coats, lit
and $20.
Mackinaw Shirta, SS.00, $11
and SU.50.	
Ralntest Shirts (Rom City),
Stanfleld'e Undorwear, winter
woight, $$.00 eult.
Stanfield's light weight, $4.60
Men's Brushed Combination
Underwear, $4.00.
Men's . all-wool  Combination
Underwear, $5.00 and $8.50.
Working Gloves, 75o pair.
Work Boots, $5.00 per pair.
Hlghtop   Boots,   from   $7.00
Oood  lln* 10-in. top,  grain
leather. $10.00.
Leckie's Boots, for men and
444 Main St.
18 and 20 Cordova St W.
The perfect DIAMOND
never loses its Insistent
appeal to all people of dls.
crimination ' and good
But the element of Quality [	
must be apparent—* something la eaoh stone—In
eaoh Individual, sparkling gem—that seta one's pulses
stirring a little faster ao the sight.
Tou wiU flnd this pre-eminent quality In the matchless display of DIAMONDS in all their various forms,
at ALLAN'S today.
"Ihe Bean ef Diamonds"
4I0-4S6 dcanflle Stmt
At Oornu Peader
Excellent quality, perfect
fitting, correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, featurea
of dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Parlor.
805 Granville Street
Om. Bobaon    Over Owl Drug Stow
Pkoae  liranr MM
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest _)o*y-
sible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
346 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Organized Labor—
Tbt F. I. P. Hill. Its Cordon It
W., now rwdjr for tonnanti.
Th* Hall ud Offlcoi an ritnwly Aaa*
orated, light, clean, airy ud qniet.
Wo h»Tt aorat unioni locatod Ud
ire vut imm more.
Apply at onco at tbo offlco or al SOI
Dominion Balldinf. Phono Bey. 3864.
Matinee 2:80
King up Phone Seymour 2854
for Appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Bulldlnf
OHIh Hoart i  10 to IS a.m, 1 te i
pja.   Innlnga! T I. S pa. Mee-     '
i.r. Wednesday aud Friday.
Pheae Sey. <<7I.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor ud Drugleaa Papism
(Sucoesior to Dr. Joha Oray)
30-31-32 r. Bums Bldf., IS Hs*
St., w., Vancouver. B. 0.
(Between Pantagas Theatre and B. a
E. B. Station)
Pbone Str.SU      Day or Nlftrt
Nunn, Thomson ft Olagg
Ml Homer St  Vancouver, B. 0,
IMS Georgia mart
Snnday ..nice, 11 u, aad 7.10 IM.
Snnday    Ichool   Immidlataly   following
enralag sanies.   Wedneaday tastlmeald
"•••'iS .'.   »■"•   tf   readies   turn.
Blrka  Bids.
BBOTTPBit aas aoosamm
Onion nflstsb, write tn prieM. We
tin SiTlsrioTi&H
Houra:   io-is a.m., 1-6 p.m.
Evenings 5-8, Mon., Wed., Ttt
Dr. Edgar W. Moore
403-401-405 Carter-Cotton Bldf.
Haatings and Cambie Sta.
Phone Sey, 3S3»
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fate
Falrrlew: Office and Chapel,
2391 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office aad
Chapel, 122 Sixth St. W.
Phone N. V. 114.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 211S Main St.
Phone Fairmont 68.
1* Hastings St U.
0. B. V. OABB
Patroalie Thon Who Patroalae Tail
SUPPOSING yoa vaat ap to apeak
to a man yoa- did aot know,
•nd yon blurted oat "Hellol" Ee
would doubtless look la wonderment et
you, and than ha would aak: "Who
ara yout" Thaa yoa would apologise
for aot introducing yourself.
It'a aKutth. earn, thing whaa yea
aay "Hello"' whon answering a tale-
phone call. The peraon you are Bpeaking to doaa not know who la et tha
other end of tha phono, and naturally
ha questions who la speaking.
Don't aay "Hallo." Introduce
yourself flrat thing.
British Colombia Telephone Co.
M.F. EBY.B.A..M.E.
Swedish Massage, Radiant Heat aad
Electrical Treatments of all klnda.
Phoae Bay 3770L.  Hours s to S -.as
191 BBOABWAT WEST (Oer. Ott)
Tike Bell Idas Oar
Phone Sty. 1178. P. Pearson
Hot and Oold W*!er~8team  Heat-
Rooms Under New Management.
Buffet and lunch  Counter lo  Connection.
Make yout bome tbere while In town.
Don't Be a Drudge!
La Salle Extension University
(Home Study) offers you the
chance you need for complete
training ln Traffic Management,
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Spccinl courses
that mean Higher Salaries,
Eltlior sol. Any nge. Convenient terms. Write or call for literature. District oflico:
Phono Soy. 1759
Give a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
__*_-. FRIDAY..
-October 1, 111»
You Know the Kind
of Shoes We Sell
.■When you soe value suoh as this line of ladies' brown
kid boots offers I feel sure you will supply your wants
At once. v
Brown Kid with Cuban heel, Regular *11.00 valuo
See THESE at
Boys Boots that will astonish you for price and quality. There will be no moro at this price after Saturday.
Sizes 1 to 6.
These lines of Men's Boots aro exceptional values in
Blaek and Brown, both heavy work boots and fino
dress shoes. Values to $11.00 at	
p. pis
Suits and
Made in Canada
by Canadian
Keep your money at home and buy
20th Century Brand Clothing
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boya' Clothiers
2 Stores
809 HASTINGS W.        623 GRANVILLE ST.
New Tork bulldlnf trada workeri
have organlied a Building and
Contracting Corporation, with
aharea at 1100 each, saleable to
i union men of the building tradu
only.    Several building   contract!
, have already been itarted.
Oeorge P. Hampton, managing
director of tha United States Farm-
en National Council, urge* the government to recognlie the Soviet
Buy at a union Btore.
Anniversary Sale
Hub Furniture and Hardware Store'
2701-2705 Main Street
Entire $15,000 Stock Reduced
Sale Begins Friday Morning, Ootober 1, at 9 a.m.
$ 95.00 Dining Boom Set, Anniversary Sale Price
 $ 89.60
$235.00 Dining Boom Set, Solid Oak, Sale Price.... 165.00
$195.00 Dining Boom Set, Fumed Oak, Sale Prioe $129.60
$ 49.00 Fumed Oak Library TaWe, Sale Price,
now     88.50
4 47.50 Combination Desk and Bookoase, Salo
Price     88.76
$120.00 Fumed Oak Davenport in Full Bed Size,
for     86.00
$ 90.00 Three-Piece Parlor Suite, Sale Priee now 67.76
$ 16.00 Green Denim Upholstered  Couch,  Salo
Price     10.95
$ 27.50 Steel Couches—opens in full sise bed for 20.96
'$ 68.00 Upholstered Divanette, Anniversary Salo
Price      44.96
$ 16.00 Coil   Springs,   Fully   Guaranteed,   Salo
Price ,    10.96
$200.00 Ivory Bedroom Suite, Anniversary Sale
Price  188.50
$175.00 Whitfe Enamel Bedroom Suite, Sale Price 119.50
% 25.00 Electro-Weld White Enamel Bedsteads,
Sale Price    17.86
$ 34.50 New Square Post White or Ivory Enamel
Beds, for     27.60
1 35.00 Brass Beds with Continuous Posts, Salo
Price    26.60
_ 45.00 Brass Bed with large 2-inch posts, Sale
Price  -    88.90
f 22.00 All  Felt Mattresses in all sizes,  Sal*
Price  ,    16.96
Hundreds of the very best bargains in Furniture, Hardware, Stoves, Banges, Electric Heaters and Kitchen
Hardware is not advertised—But all is marked at Sal*
Prices—Plan to visit this sale and buy High-Class Reliable Furniture at Lowest Prices in vanoouver.
The Hub Furniture & Hardware Co.
2701-2705 MAIN STBEET
Phon* 8715
frot Finished Yet
Incompetence of the Officials of the
Soldier Settlement Board of Canada
Representative! of Returned
soldier organisation!, and
members of those bodies have
repeatedly complained. that
they cannot get matter whloh
criticises the Soldier Settlement Board published, Whil*
not agreeing with the arguments used, but realizing that
the soldiers have grievances,
we publish the following article, and suggest to the returned, men that thoy take- up the
study of the position of tho
working class, and by that
means thoy will see the way to
freedom.—Editor. ,
(By J. E. Armlshaw, J.P., Sayward,
THB letters S. S. B. are well
known throughout the Dominion as standing In short for the
Soldiers' Settlement Board, and
there ls no doubt that at the commencement of thli movement, that
this name really represented what
lt really Implies, i.e., the settlement
of the soldiers on the lands of this
Dominion, but It can be stated In
all truthfulness that this board has
not lived up to, or accomplished,
that which its name implies.
Tha only ones who mako publlo
atatementa that the S. S. B. ls making good are men who hold good
positions under the board, and who
dare not say otherwise. A short
time ago Major Ashton, an official
of thi board, took a very enjoyable
trip through Canada and was loud
in his praise of the board, and ln
discussing the salvage cases that
tha board had had to deal with,
stated that the majority had been
successfully dealt with; and that
those cases whlot couM not ba so
dealt with, the board was holding
the land until lt advanced lu price.
Thla to my mind of reasoning ls
one of two things, either the board
paid too much for the land, or they
are holding it for speculative purposes; and lt cannot be denied that
the amount of land held by lhe 8.
S. B„ which ls not being farmed, Is
growing at a very rapid rate, and
that large numbers of returned
men have lost their hard earnings
ln the 10 per cent, deposit demanded by the board, and this through
the Incompetence of the officials of
th* board.
What Did tt Cost
It would bs very interesting to
know how many have lost out ln
ths Edmonton district and in the
Winnipeg district, and what it cost
the taxpayers ot Canada to investigate th* Winnipeg affair, which
was so rotten that the boarti'i representative refused to continue the
Investigation until the representatives of th* press withdrew, and his
action drew a strong protest from
the O. W. V. A. who were at that
time forcing the Investigation: and
up to date, th* public have not been
Informed of the conditions which
existed ln Winnipeg; but the official
referred to above has since been
promoted to the position of chairman of thi S. S. B.
But let me come a little closer
home. A short tlm* ago th* head
of tha S. S. B. in Vancouver returned from an extended trip through
the Interior of British Columbia,
and a long artlole appeared ln the
Province .but what did the article
contain? Not on* word as to what
the settlers under the board were
accomplishing, but it stated that
the party Inspected some (00
square miles of country, and that
they only visited som* SO settlers
during their travels. Now what
benefit did the settlers receive from
this trip, and what did this trip
cost th* taxpayers of Canada. Th*
writer of the account of thla Joy
ride, whom I hav* no doubt Is paid
by th* 8. 8. B„ wai disappointed at
what he saw, and .states this: "And
without a radical change In th* regulations ot the board, little progress can be expected. Why? Because, I say, of the incompetence
of the board's officials,"
Let me give a few ooncret* examples. The rules and regulations
of the S. 8. B. say that all cowa purchased by the board must pass th*
tuberculosis test at the tlm* of purchase, but it ls a fact that officials
of the board are purchasing cows
for soldier-settlers and at a high
price, and that after a settler has
received same, th* board have had
them tested and cows are being destroyed and settlers ar* being put
to a great loss on thli account
Agala I say through th* incompetence of tb* board's official!.
Healthy Sheep An Ordered to Bo
A very wise looking field supervisor ln the employ of the B. 8. B„
who by the way has Dr. in front ot
hiB name, but really doctor should
come after this gentleman's nam*,
as he is surely a debtor to th* taxpayers of Canada for the salary he
receive*.   Thi* learned on* recently
visited a soldier settler who has
purchased some very valuable
sheep through the board. After this
official had inspected the sheep, he
ordered the settler to destroy two
of them, stating that they were suffering from a contagious disease,
but the settler, who could not see
anything wrong with the sheep, did
not carry out the death sentence.
The next time the doctor called, the
settler informed him that the sheep
were atlll alive and that he, the settler, could not see anything th*
matter with them. "Oh, Well," replied thia learned official, "perhaps
there Is nothing wrong with them."
Who would have been the loser
had thia official's instructions been
carried out? Why, the soldier settler.   Incompetence again.
A soldier settler requested a
friend to locate two cows for him.
This friend spent considerable time,
and finally located two good cows,
and so reportod to the board, who
sent their official to Inspect the
cows. This official stated that he
could not pass the cows, but that he
had two cows that he had purchased at an auction sale, which he
would ship in to the settler. The
settler's friend, seeing that it was
no use pressing his cose, gave way,
and the two cowl were shipped in
to the settler at considerable cost.
The two cows purchased cost considerably more than the ones the
settler should have got. A few
weeks later these cows were tested
for T. B., and one was shot and th*
carcase burled; the settler not only
lost the cow, but the milk and butter whioh he Bhould have had for
the use of his family. The settler's
butter tub is empty and he Ib compelled to pay 75c otr pound 'for
butter. Incompetence, the half can
not be told,
The nam* of David Harum became famous through that well-
read story of his horse deal, and if
lt were possible to print all the
stories on horse deals as conducted
through the S. S. B., we should
have some very interesting, and I
may also add, some very expensive
reading; that Is from the soldler-
sottlera' standpoint. But here is
A Horse Deal
Two soldier settlers spent several
days trying to locate some horses
around Vancouver, and not being
able to locate suitable horses at the
price th* board was willing to pay,
they called upn the S. S. B„ and
wer* Informed by the officials of
the board, that tlie board had
horses that would suit them, and
that these horses had already boen
passed by th* board's veterinary
surgeon, and while passing I may
add, that this same veterinary, In
company with his wife, ls now having a flne holiday drawing, so 1 am
informed,' $250 per month and expenses, for, as we are told, to look
after sevon soldier sottlers, settlers
who hav* been passed as practical
farmers by officials of the boart].
But the majority of thla official's
time is spent in fiBhing, and having
a good time. But to continue my
story: Th* two returned soldiers
wer* given the address of a certain
colonel who had charge of the
horses fer th* board. On their way
to the colonel's, they wore overtaken by an auto and requested by the
driver to get in, who aaked them
where they wer* going, and he was
finally informed; and he replied
that he was the board's Held supervisor for that dlstriot, and that he
would go with them to look at the
horses, stating that he had heard of
this colonel and his horse dealing
before. They located the colonel
and th* horses, and from the description given th* writer by thes*
men, th* horses had served their
purpose on this earth ,and war*
ready to pass out. The men, who
were experienced horse-men, refused to have anything to do with the
horses, and the field supervisor was
with them, and said that ho would
not pass any of them; and yet they
had been passed by the board's veterinary, and the field supervisor advised the settlers to return to the
board and make a complaint
agalnit the veterinary who had passed th* horses. Th* field supervisor then requested the men to go
with him, stating that he would put
them next tf a good buy; so he
drov* them back to th* elty, and
took them te a certain horse dealer's barn and ahowed them a team
of horses. Th* Held supervisor admitted that on* of th* horses had
passed th* ag* limit, and the sol-
dlor-settlers pointed out to him that
the other horse was not sound In lti
feet. Notwithstanding thia, this official was willing to pass tht team
at th* dealer's figure, which was
th* maximum th* board would pay,
but th* settlers would not be don*,
and told their kind friend, tht
board's field supervisor, that thty
had turned down this same team
several days previously, and alto
told him that h* had bttttr go aad
shake hands with the board's veterinary surgeon, who had passed
fhe other bunch of horsos previously referred to. Here we see two
officials of the board working
against each other, and both working against the interests of the returned soldiers. These officials are
still drawing a good fat salary from
the a. a. B.
I say, and It can be proved before any impartial inquiry, that the
8. a. B. is an expensive and a gigantic failure, and this through
political pull in the appointment of
Its officials, which has led to Incompetent men being appointed to the
important positions on the board.
This has resulted ln loss not only
to tho returned men, but ln an immense financial loss to this Dominion. The board Is not backward ln Informing the public of the
amount ot money it has loaned to
the men. Why does not the board
let tlie people know what It Ib costing the taxpayers of this eountry to
administer this money? The people ihave a right to know. You can-
not(lforeo the hands of this board.
The,, returned men have no redress
against them, because they hide behind the protection of the Soldier
Settlement Act, and lf a returned
man tried to obtain Justice, this
board Informs him: "We represent
tlfe King," and the King can do no
wro'hg. But the day of reckoning
Is' fast approaching. Let the returned men unite and stand together, as they did in France, and
they wl'. then receive a hearing.
struotlon. It la th* ouitom to con-
ilgn thoi* who help themielvei te
the cars of Higher Handi. But It
may be wis* to remember that an
"Ersata" country cannot do more
than barely exist, that a paper
world ii always liable to catch fire,
that tree-roots are not an Inexhaustible substitute for coal, and
that all the available stocks of
house linen, etc., have now been
used up. Many experts agree that
the coming winter will therefore
be th* greateit teat to which Qermany hai yet been put; it it ii a
sever* on* It will be a ghastly tragedy for her men, women and children. In any caae It must seem an
absurdity to all but th* most pte-
judlcod mind that to much genlui
of invention, which might be placid at tb* aervic* of humanity,
ihould b* wasted on creating an
"EreattT- existence for one of the
race* that people the earth.
The prlc* of copies of Pritchard's addrea* to the Jury, Dlxon'i
address and the history of the
Winnipeg btrike has been reduced
to 10 eta. per copy. The Winnipeg
defonse committee li also Issuing
Defense Fund" Stamps, the prie* of
whloh Is as cent* each.
Thomaa E. Watson, variously described a* Populist, fire-eater, red
radical or Bolshevist has secured
the nomination for United States
senator ln Oeorgia by an overwhelming vote. During "this campaign Watson declared that the
mon running the country during
the last war had overthrown American democracy and that, instead
of Debs being In the Atlanta prison,
Wilson should be there and Debs
ln the White House.
Pendleton, Ore.—By a vote of 49
to 17, the Oregon Federation of Labor, tn its a'nnual convention here,
rejected a proposal tor Indorsement
of the One Big Union.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmat*
when you are through with It
Built by the best Union Tailora to your own
individual measure in our own workshop,
before your very eyes-
Let us make one for you.
Walker & Robinson
High Class Tailoring
Right! ar* *f little us* to on*
when som* people have mora
rights. The wont of lawi ar* thon
which tome people de not have to
What about renewing your iubf
Following th* leisure of tutor!**
In Italy e*m** th* leisure ot empty
houses. Mora factor!** haw b**a
selaed. S*v*ral oommuaiti** an opposed t* giving th* factor!** r
to th* original own*r* a* I
by tb* counoll ef action.
(Continued bn page 4)
though I heard from a professor of
experiments being made with hard
ooal that are likely to end in success. A very good solid motor or
bicycle tire made of paper can be
procured, and an excellent makeshift, if a noisy ono, fro a pneumatic tiro is made out of two metal
Hnw between which are little spiral
springs like thoae in an old-fashioned box-spring mattress. But "Qum-
ml-Ersatz" remains very "Brstaz"
lndeod; and the Bo-called rubber
teats and rubber tubes have so far
proved unusable. I did not once see
a baby's "comforter," which would
rejoice the hyglenlat, porhaps. But
then, since the blockade, one has
seen very few'babies in Berlin. That
is one result of war and after the
war for which no 'Ersatz" can be
One or two clever substitutes
stand out In my mind particularly.
Among medical devices thero was
a wonderful oil-skin, made, I believe of paper and celluloid. Thero
was an equally wonderful kind of
cotton wool made from wood fibre;
and there were excellent paper
bandageB. Among other things the
flexible wooden solos for boots and
shoes, made of many wooden rivets
wired together, Btruck mo particu-
warped in wet weather. Tho most
remarkable instance of "Ersatz"
manufacture that I saw was a small
machine bolt, ..bout a foot wide
and un inch thick, which had been
in constant use tn a small shoe factory for three years. It was made
of paper and "Ersatz" grease of
some sort
Hhort-sJghted pooplo are, I know,
ready to see in all this ingenuity
a proof lhat Germany needs no
help In her efforts towards recon-
Veterani of the Great War
3We will dy* your groat coat bottle greon, brown or blaok, take
ott shoulder straps, put on ntw
buttons and mak* It look like a
j elvy coat, all for I5.S0.
Hall Orders Promptly Attended
l] to.
7 Little Tailors
330 Oarrall Btreet
,:      VANCOUVER, B. O.
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at oost. Our itock
is Big ,and so ar* eur Bargain!. Watch our Auotl*n
Snap*. Furniture Bought and
Love & Go.
Phon* Mymonr 1745
Don't get carried away from
your mental moorings by a
flood of Prohibition oratory.
You Know
That the Prohibition Act doeB not work.
Because there is no law, mortal or divine,,which can give to one-
half of a community which does not partake of a particular sort
of food or drink, the right to say to the other half, "Because I
don't, you shall not."
The argument of some Prohibitionists that it in the interests of
the state that the law shall remain on the books, because it results in efficiency, is an argument that cannot be supported with
success in any free country. Compulsory efficiency is another
term for slavery.
But you do not need to be told the reasons, because you see the
effects of the law every day.
The bootlegger and the secret vendor of drugs flourish in the
land; honest men are made criminals of; the drink evil is not
done away with—it is merely shoved underground.
The Prohibition Act has been a great humiliation for British
Columbia. It has engendered distrust; it has brought in a buneh
of spies and stool pigeons. You will be able to cut it out of the
statute books on October 20th, by voting for government control.
The bar has been done away with forever by universal consent
Government control will ensure the sale of liquor of pure quality
at local centres throughout the Province in quantities consistent
with moderation and temperance, and will provide proper safeguard against it's abuse.
Vote for Government
, Moderation League
Ln*. PAGE srx
twelfth tear. no. 40     IU- BRITISH (JOL.lMblA FEDERATIONIST
This is the Store That Leads
the Way
in everything making for perfection in
OUR STORE is absolutely
perfect in all respects—manned by experts oLthe highest elass—OUR STOCK is
bigger than that of any
other three custom tailors
put together. OUR QUAL-
MANSHIP are ahead of all.
With all this superiority we
aell you genuine, individually measured, to order
from high grade woollens, at
?50    955    960    975
with our guarantee of absolute satisfaction and an assurance that our values save
you at least 20% in real
FRIDAY ... October  1,
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmldent,   J.   M.   Clarke;
vl«-pmld«nt,  B. W. Hatlty;  secretary
3   Q. Smith; tnuartr.   A.   B.   Welti;
Srfttat-it-inni,    E.    Hon*;    tniiteei,
irr, YanruMen, Slererwrlfht and Midi-
by.   MMta Ird Wednesday eseh month
fetke Fender B»U, ooraer «f Pender tnd
we itrteta.  Mon* Ber. Ml.
ell—Meets   eeflond    Mon Jay    In    the
■oath.    Preeldent, J. F. McConnell: mc-
tetary, R. H. Meetonde. P. 0. Box fl>.
ud Beinioroed Xronwsrkert, Loenl 01
—MeeU eeoond ud fourth Mondays.
Pmldent Ju. Hastings; flnueltt iee-
niary tnd tresnrer, bay Maiseear, Room
III Lnbor Temple.
Lombei Indutijr (enmp nnd mill)
meet with fellow worken in thtt Indue-
trjf. Orgnnlie Into the Lunbtr Workera
Ufaitriel Ualon tf Ue O. B. U. Head-
uartere, SI Cordova St. W., VtnoouTor.
Pkone Bey. TIBC.
0. B. V.—President, R. W. Hitley;
aaerettr/, J. o. Smith. Meete let Wed-
uedtjr In etch month ln Pender Htll,
tar. of fender and Howe atreete. Phone
bey. Ml.	
pl°J*ee( Looal 91—Meeta every eecond
Wednesday In tbe month tt 3:80 p.m.
Ud avary fourth Wednesday In tbe month
al 1:10 p.m. Preeldent, John Cummingi,
Btantxry ud hulaeee ment, A. Graham.
Oflee ud meeUac htll, 614 Pender flt.
W. Phoae Bay. 1181, Oflee bout, 8
MB. to J_ p.m.	
Aeeotlatloa, Loeal 88-52—OBee tnd
hall IM OardoTa flt. W. Meeti Irst
aad third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary
treaenrer, Thomu HUen; business afint,
t_Ur fltoelalr.
an*  Union—Moeta Snd tad dth frl-
due, SOI Labor Temple.   Preeldent, W.
wOttm, M80 OrtnTllle Street; secretary.
E, T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings Bt. E.; re-
oerdlnf-eeerettry. L. Holdsworth, 688—
ldtft flt. W., Berth VtnconTer.
duitrltl Unit of the One Big Union—
Ah Indnitrlal naion ef til workera In log-
■tag and construction cumpi. Cohit Dis-
Met and Oeneral Headquartera. 61 Cor-
doTt St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phono Bey.
TIM. E. Winch, genestl aeeretary*
treaaurer; legal advisers, Meun. Bird,
Mtedontld A Co., Vancouver, B. C.; audita!!, Henri. Batter A Chlene, Vancouver, B. C.
ttt 0. B. U. meet In th-ir union htll
at Roomi 8 and 4 Empire Hotel, 76 Haitian laat, flrat and tklrd Wedneaday In
tit month.    Preildent  V.  Owens;   views-
Kaldtnt, D. Carlin: aeeretary, Etrl King,
one flay. 86BB. .,
Lumber ln'floatry, organiie Into tbe L,
W. I. U. of the 0. B. U. MiUwork-
are, branches meet u followe:
Vucouver—Lumber Workert' headquartera, 61 Cordova flt. W. Every Mondty
I {jn.
Ntw weetmlmter—Labor HaU, eor. Royal
tw. and Tth St.   tad and dth Wedaei-
lye at 6 p.m.
rnm MlUe—Old Moving Picture Thee-
toa, Maillardville.  tad ud 4th Thun-
uy. I p.«.
Part  Moody—Orange HaU,  tad Friday,
avaty month, at 6 p.m.
■Ufe UIll and smelter work-
ara' Ualt of Ue One Big Union, Metal
liferent Mlaera—Vuconver, B, C., head-
Ute yonreelf.
tflMZflft MAKERS'tEA^tl Ol
Berth America (Yaatoaver ud vlelt-
Ity)—Branch aaaata aeooad tnd fourtt
Mudara, Rum 804 Laber Ttmple. Presl-
dent,TWm. Heater, 111 Tooth Ave. North
TueoBver; Inanelal aeeretary, E. Ood*
darl, 146 Bleharda Itreet; recording sa*
Ntary, J. D. RuieU, 688 Oommerclal
Drive.   Phone High. 3204B.
u Bridgemen, Dorrickmen and Blggere
of Vaneoaver ud vicinity. Meeta overy
Meadey, I pjn.. In 0. B. U. Htll, 804
Peader Bt. W. Pnaldent, T. L. Hewitt;
flauolal aocrotary and bualneaa agent, E.
Home. Phone, Seymour 801.
o»7-Tou aoeo^ the Camp Worken of
IMC —   —   _.   	
of you oooupttlon. Delegatea on every
Job, or write the Diatrict Headquarters,
61 Oordova St. W., Vancouver. Entraaee
fee, 11.00; monthly duea, |1.00,
__    led *L	
Cuar lnduitry.  Ther need you.  Organiie
gether la Ut 0. B. JT. Indutarlil Unit
Fasteners, I.L.A- Loeal Union UA,
Series I—Meeti tha Snd and 4tb Prldaye
if ttt month, Ltbor Temple, I p.m.
Preeldent, William Maylor; flaanelal ate-
etery  and bailneia agent,  M.  Phelpa;
■ornipondlag eeentary. W. Lea,    Oflee,
'oom SOT Labor TtmpK
Meeta lut Snnday of eaeh month at
2 p.m. Pmldent, A. E, Robb; vice-
pmldent, 0. H. Collier; leorctary-treae-
orer. B. H. Neelandi, Bot 66,
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meeta A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleaaev'
lit and Srd Hondtyi at 10.16 a.m. ud
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Rigby; reoordlix
aeeretary, F. E. Grlfln, 447—Oth Avenue
Eut; tnuanr, P. Sidaway; flnanolal
eeentary aad bnalneu agent, W. H. Oct
troll, 4808 Dumfriei Btreet; office corner
Frier ud Main Sta. Phut Fair. 1004 B.
Provincial Unions
and Ltbor Couneil—Meeta firat and
third Wednesday*. Knlghtl of Pythias
Htll, North Park Street, tt 8 p.m. Preildent, E. B. Woodwtrd; vlce-prealdent,
A. C. Pike; lecrcttry-treuurer, Ch.istino
Slverti. P. 0. Bon 308, Victoria, B. 0.
VICTORIA  LOCAL  UNIT,   0.   B.   U.—
Meeta fint tnd third Friday etch montb
tt 1484 Government Street.   Third Friday
open forum.    Secretary, E. Wttenon.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meota every Tueaday In the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetinga open to all 0. B. U. members. Sec-
rettry-tretiurer, N. Booth, Boi 317
Prince Rupert,  B.  0.
of the One Big Union, meeta every
Wednesday night in the 0. B. U. Hall,
10888—lOlat St. A. Mogrlflj.e, flntneltl
aecrettry; E. Palmer, recording eecretary.
Blamarck, N. D,—Railroads operating In this Farmer-Labor controlled state are enjoined from further
ohartlnr of Increased freight and
passenger rates put Into effect In
other states In the union a month
ago by an order handed down by
the atate supreme court. The order
alio requires the railroads to rebate
any increase already collected. It
was held that the order on which
the railroads had acted ln making
the Increase was not given by a
competent authority. The roads
will now be compelled to prove to
the state railroad commission that
they are in need of more revenue
before Increased rates will bo
Contracts for 150,000,000 tons of
American coal were placed with
New Tork and Boston brokers by
the British government. Boston
dockers wired Robert Smillie that
they would refuse to handle the
T.l.phom a.,. 1,01
>eue Phoie BT 1IITL
ill Ituterl Beak BilMlaf
•10 MMtleti St. W., T.LtciTK, B. 0.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A nll.H. Ranlatln, Pill Ior Womn, IS
t box. Sold ftt ell Dm, Store,, or nailed
to ftnj addrea, oa receipt of priee. Tlie
•eobell Drag Co., Bt. Oalherlnee, OaUtle.
Beetorea Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increaaee "gray matter;" a Tonla
—will build you op. f 8 a box, or two for
|C, at drug atom, or by mall on receipt
of price. Tbe Scebell Drag Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phone Say. 918T
Wo alwayi carry ln itock a good
■election of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, alio
linoleum and medium priced earpet
iquirea, ragi, ete. We can atva you
money ta wa an ont of tto high nnt
By Prof. Edward Powdon.
(A Review by Wayfarer)
IN this book Prof. Dowden deals,
not only with Shakespeare's genius aa shown In his writings,
with that perhaps still more remarkable manifestation of his genius in the control, discipline and
development of his own character
and powers, his understanding, insight and knowledge of human life
ahd character. It is the picture of
a man, who at an early age, conscious of the forces within him, deliberately devotes his life to the
exercise and training of those forces
to their fullest realization, not only
of their moral and intellectual product, but also In the practical side
of life, on which a man's work so
much depends. With the consciousness of that tendency in a man's
environment to mould and limit
his character and quality, shewn ln
these lines:
Aad almost thence my nature is
To what It works ln, like the
dyer's hand.
he resolutely set himself to sustain
his mental lndependance of his environment of actor and play-wright,
and, as quickly as possible, build
up a position of material lndependance also. And the sanity of his
alms bore fruit in the success of
his  efforts.
In Shakespeare were allied two
great sympathies: .For character
and Ufe In the Held of practical
effort and action; and still more,
for those spheres of human tragedy where the powers of thought
and meditation, or the heights and
depths of a great passion, contend
with a Jarring world.
Shakespeare sought for truth always, always adhered to the facts
of Ufe. He would suffer no Illusion, endure no false sentiment, in
himself or his work. He aimed not
to serves any school or party, to
deal with any theory or suggest any
special philosophy. He did not
attempt to apportion punishment or
reward; to establish poetic justice;
to offer support or comfort from
some source outside of man and
nature, or lead up to a faith In
the unknown. He sought to shew
life as it was, to hold the mirror
up to nature.
A Suitable Setting
Shakespeare's age and environment gave a suitable setting for his
genius. England, emerging from the
dark, superstitions and vain super-
naturalism of the middle-ages, responded with magnificent energy to
the 'new learning,' to the emancipating spirit of the reformation, to
new opportunities of over-sea adventure and conquest. Shaking off
the old tradition, fostered by the
Church, of this world as dominated
iiy evil, and of another world as
the objects of man's hopes and aspirations, men saw this world as
the true sphere of life and duty,
of vision and adventure; and, in
science and religion, ln poetry and
drama, as well as In the widening
fields of practical enterprise, they
dealt with realities, they widened
their acquaintance with nature,
they added to their knowledge of
facts and presented a spectacle of
abounding national energy that haa
never been surpassed. In investigating the processes of life, they
I'tbked for natural causes, not supernatural, nor did they much occupy themselves In dealing with
ethical problemj _r ittempl<ng the
solution of sp'ritunl rHF'cultlea.
The practical genius of thc age
explored new fleids of experlenoe
innd endeavor and Its literature
delighted ln the Infinite variety of
life and character and conduct,
without reference to the ecclesiastical views that had dominated human thought and speculation.
Prof. Dowden shows how thla wonderful vigor In life and literature
"without an ethical tendency, yet
produces an ethical effect." "A
faithful presentation of the facts
of the world does not leave us
indifferent to good and evil, but
rather rouses within us, more than
all preachings and maxims can, nn
Inextinguishable loyalty to good."
"It Is falsifications of those facts—
whether to reduce us to vice or
bribe us to virtue—which may lend
us aside from directness, simplicity and uprightness of action." If
tho facts of the world and of life
are part of the universal order of
things, and Interpenetrated by
that supreme reality, apprehended
yet unknowable, of which the
world's matter and mind are a
manifestation, then the literature
which deals truthfully with these
facts, which gives us true know-
eldge of the world and life, Is religious. The Elilzabethan drama
comes with no direct teaching, but
with the vision of life," Shakespeare approached the underlying
essence of life more nearly than
any other writer, by virtue of his
genius, his deliberate purpose and
life-long endeavor.
His StnigKloN
Prof. Dowden weighs the evidence of the struggle ln Shakespeare's own character and life and
of his victories over himself. He
had learnt from his own experiences the weakening tendencies of
the brooding, meditative mind, towards vagueness, irresolution and
Ineffectiveness, but had obtained
the mastery over them; he had
suffered deeply In his affections,
but had not yielded to bitterness;,
the hurts of life had not hardened
his heart or dulled his sympathies;
his keen penetration and understanding had revealed to him the
hardness and Injustices, the struggles and failures of life, without
destroying his faith ln human
goodness; and, as he attained mastery over himself and his art, he
gained a fortitude and serenity
that enabled him to iee the whole
of life without despair. "The providence In which Shakespeare believed Is a moral order which Includes man's highest exercise of
foresight, energy and resolution.
Our remedies oft in ourselves do
lie, which we ascribe to heaven."
Shakespeare's works have been
sought In vain for evidence of theories, political and otherwise. It
has been suggested that he laughs
good-naturedly at Ideas of mob
rule! ln order to discredit democratic tendencies. One writer, Waiter
Bngeliot, ventures the opinion that
Shakespeare had no special admiration of the commercial or moneyed classes, that he shows "a keen
sensibility to the Iarge»vtews and
hlgh-souled energies, the gentle refinements tnd disinterested desires
in whloh those classes ara Ukelv to
be especially deficient." Dowden
says: "The passion of patriotism,
high-toned and enthusiastic ifande
with Shakespeare -Instead of general political principles and ideas."
Doubtless In those days, patriotism
was the inspiration from a truer
and more united national life than
It ls now, and that the world conditions of the present day, an the
advanced understanding an insight
they are developing, inspire ln
thoughtful men a passion for humanity rather than for country, a
desire for a saner social organization and better conditions for the
whole race, than for conquest and
predominance of any one race or
class. ^
Drama of Individuality
* Dowden quotes Maszlne, one of
the first heralds of the new era, as
follows: "Shakespeare's drama ls
the drama of individuality. He
shows neither the consciousness of
a law, nor of humanity; the future
ls mute ln his dramas. His genius
comprehends and sums up the
past and the preaent; lt does not
imitate the future. He Interpreted
an epoch; he announced none."
Dowden, In his study of "King
Lear," in whloh Shakespeare,
'more than in any other of his
plays, stands ln the presence of
the mysteries of human life,"
speaks of "the destructive force,
the ravening egoism In humanity;
which is at war wtth all goodness."
But this "ravening egoism" la seen
by Shakespeare In Individual character, not ln man collectively, hla
Institutions or political powers;
not in wealth and the power of
wealth, working ln the background,
controlling governments, perverting Justice, moulding opinion, giving or withholding world news, poisoning the wells of human thought
and inspiration, "at war with all
In Shakespeare's day, the evolution of the human mind had not
yet revealed the world's new hope
of the time to come, when man
would lay aside his fraticadal strife
of man with man, people with people; when lt could be seen that the
machinery of Industry, the organU
zatiin of society, could be worked
more harmoniously, could serve
the needs of human society more
effectively by methods of collective
and co-operative action than, by
Individual and racial strife and antagonism ; when man's deepest
moral needs, as well as his material
and economic needs, would be
most effectually ministered to by
the adoption In human affairs af
the principle of unity of lntereej,
instead of hostility, and the. reforming of society on that principle. It required many genera-tinfls
yet of scientific discovery an4 attainment and of development df
the world's productive industry
and the kind of society basep
thereon, before man's mind opulll
grasp the natural solution oil thie
great world ■ problems. *\, 1
Would Have Seen     ,£ (:
It ls merely a speculation,'hut
we can well believe, indeed must
believe, that lf Shakespeare lived
today, his great powers of mind
and rigid adherence to the underlying truth of things, would have
caused him to see clearly the basis
of human society, the economic
laws which determine the production and control of wealth and the
necessary things of Ufe, and of the
Institutions and organization of
society; and which determine also
the character and conduct of society, Its moral fibre and standards,
Its intellectual and artistic, life.
Could he have missed the meaning of modern Ufe, its intense industrialism, commercialism and
financial domination, coloring, vitiating all life with Its sordid standards, false Ideals and paralyzing
control? Would he have Joined in
that feverish, unbalanced activity
of the writers of today, the Inform,
ers of men's minds, holding up before men the discredited, idols of
the past; denouncing every effort to
cast off the shackles of thought and
to introduce the higher standards
and hopes of the new era? 'Would
he have preached patriotism to a
world depatrlated, law and order
to the struggling masses who see in
law and order only the protection
of the Interests that oppress them
and the machinery that defeats
them In all their efforts for betterment and perpetuates all the evils
from which they suffer? Would
he have counselled reliance on the
sane evolution of democraoy, when
every process of the evolution of
that political system consolidates
the power of those who are its
beneficiaries and who are blind to
Its evils and to any possibilities of
a better Ufe opening up to mankind? Or would he not rather
have seen clearly that stupendous
drama of human life, to the understanding of which he hsd devoted
his life; not as he knew it in the
spacious days of'the renaissance,
responsive to the thrills of a new
spirit and to the opening vistas of
a wider life, but cramped and
deadened In a mechanical drudgery and mental slavery unknown
in his times? Would not the spectacle of great masses of men headed into Industrial hives and iWar-
rens, and of the particular drama
those condltlonns breed, or of the
useless accumulation of luxury tand
ostentation of wealth, revealing a
no less sordid drama of another
kind, have appealed to him as objects of- chief Interest to mm at
this time and worthy the service
of his pen? r'l .
WouM Have Provoked Satin
The devious paths of the politician, the tortuous ways of journalism, the subservience of eduedtien
and talent to ignoble ends, imfst
have provoked his satire and exposure. Could truth-loving Shakespeare, uf all men, have failed to
see the 'tragedy of collective Ufe
and'aetion, so much greater, mu
pregnant, than that of indlvidW.l
life, which ls the revelation of today? But, alas, such speculation
Is vain. Even lf a Shakespeare
lived today and brooded over the
evils that oppress humanity and
saw clearly their causes and eon-
Itions, what channels of. publlo Information, edification or Instruction would be open to his pen? His
writings, If they found their way
into print, would in all probability
be quickly suppressed and he himself be languishing ln Jail.
"Whom the gods wish to destroy.
they flrat make mad," and, ln all
human affairs there Is no madness
so great, to disastrous, as that of
the heaven-sent rulers of the race
, The Agricultural Worker
Bdltor B. C. Federationist: I read
the article ln your Issue of Sept. 17
with feelings of regret. It was evidently inspired by a genuine concern for the farmer, and a sincere
desire for his emancipation and
working as one, whom conditions
has driven off the farm, I am forced to the conclusion that such articles as these are having the effect
of still farther widening the breach,
and forcing the farmer as a class
farther away from the object
sought, namely, an organization of
all Industrial workers; throwing
atones through your neighbor's
window will have the desired effect
of .bringing you together, but will
his frame of mind be such as to
warrant a discussion of social problems.
Now, Mr. Editor, I credit your
sincerity and concern in tho Interest of the farmer, but why not employ a practical agriculturist who is
conversant with the farmers' problems and outlook to handle this
pressing problem, one would not
consider the idea of employing a
tailor to erect a dwelling house, nor
a preacher to regulate the street
traffic Then why accept articles
from those whose writings show a
lack of knowledge of tho subject
they present?
Take the following as example:
The farmer and family work long
hours; agreed; are Ill-housed, Ill-
fed, ill-clothed, ill-educated. These
latter are all contrary to fact, and
are non-existent. Such conditions
lire the source of all revolutionary
activity. IU housing and ill feeding
are fruitful sources from which
spring the discontent and agitation
now prevalent among the oity
workers. Ill-clothed, It may be,
that from your contributor's standard of ethics, the savage in Central Africa, with hts loin cloth Is ill-
clothed .although his garment conforms correctly with his ideas of
economics; ill-educated, this applies
without exception to every Individual whose misfortune it is to come
within the Influence of the commercial system. Ninety men ln a hundred flatter themselves that In providing a uinversity education for
their families, they have applied
the last word in culture to the
equipment of their offspring, while
tn reality the process of education
commences that day they throw off
the gown and cassock and don the
overalls of Industry, science or art.
In these days of machine production and subdivision of labor, the
education of the Individual ls narrowed down to conform to that particular operation wherein he acquires his proficiency, It necessarily follows that the one with the
most diversified changes In his
every day calling, will acquire a
wider experience and thus a more
comprehensive knowledge of the
various problems pertaining to each
of the duties he ls called on to perform.
Education to be effective, must
be useful, or it would be a waste of
energy acquiring it. If this Is correct, will your contributor please
explain what standard he uses,
when the educational system, under
which mankind receives its mental
training, Is entirely devoted to com-
stralnlng every nerve and power
to crush out the awakening thought
and spirit, the aspirations and
hopes, of groaning humanity and
to destroy the prophets and pioneers of a better Ufe.
Nevertheless the lesson ot
Shakespeare is the heritage of humanity and, doubtless, bears
fruit even today. It Is to adhere
to truth, to keep olose to nature,
to deal with the facta; not to be
misled by the Interested counsel
and special pleadings of defenders of the traditional authorities
and vested Interests that dominate
society, but to Investigate independently and with the scientific spirit
the whole realm of natural and the
laws that govern Industrial and
social life. It ls that nobility and
goodness and the highest success
are not measured by material accumulation and power, but by promoting the harmonious evolution
of society, improving Its environment, developing Its mentality and
steadfastly seeking the welfare of
the whole species.
Though published ln-1101, this
book of Prof. Dowden's Is written
ln a modern and rational spirit
that concedes nothing to the conventions and superstitions that so
often obscure the truth, It Is an
example of that line.of thought and
Investigation, suggested by scientific writers, which elucidates the
physical basis of mind and morals
and the evolution of man through
his material environment. The
ethical process within the cosmic
process, which Is the special function of man. Man's material conditions are not yet auch as to set
him froe ln the pursuit of his highest development. The flrat duty,
tho great work of today, Is to
achieve our economic freedom. In
striving for this, we help by
sweeping away the cobwebs of the
mind, breaking Its bondage to an
outworn order of soolety and opening up the vistas of the coming
merclal Instruction. In the city the
education of the mechanic ls confined to the circumscribed effect of
his machine on the raw material to
which it applies a utility form,
whereas on the farm with Its tens of
thousands of problems, educational
development ls constantly taking
place. To stimulate activity in one
brain cell will produce movement in
those ln Its Immediate neighborhood, and the more cell activity secured, the greater will be the development.
When we were at school, they
taught us there were something
like 360 angles to the circle, whereas I have learnt this is all wrong.
There is no limit to the amount of
angles when you Increase the radius
of the circle, as we must do in solving all problems. The centre of the
clrole Is the problem, the angle Is
determined by our viewpoint, und I
flnd all our difficulties Is in locating
the viewpoint of our opponent, and
herein lies tho kernel of the farmer problem.
Barbarian comment made by
Marx 100 years ago are not always
applicable to preaent day conditions,.   Yours truly,
Mulligan or Plain Hash
Editor Federationist:—I think Its
about time to quit fighting about
geographic or industrial form pf
organization and get down to organizing the O. B. U. as an organization 'not merely a name. If we
are to proceed with this idea'of It
being everyone's business to organize it_ will continue to be nobody's business. We are all satisfied that the per capita syBtem was
no good, still we are continuing
with it.
One writer" says: "It Is my opinion that those who raised the question of what form the O. B. V.
should adopt as a basis for organization, as regards the present fantastical controversy, knew nothing
about Industrial unionism." It Is
my opinion that the writer knowe
nothing about social production.-In
the same letter he contends that
they have had four trys to organize
geographically in the States and
have all failed. He mentions the
K. of L. amongst other organizations. I might remind thp comrade that a lot of wnter has run
since the days of the K. of L. a'nd
that Ideas have changed some, even
lf the comrade has not kept pace.
The trouble Ib that most of the
writers are used to the craft form
of organisation and think that by
enlarging on that idea they have
made an industrial organisation
of lt. They are unused to any
other form of organizing and are
afraid to try lt for fear lt succeeds.
Why not cut out following the craft
form, get things in a business
shape, cut out the expenses of
keeping three or four people doing
the work that one could do, continuing with several sets of books
and office fixtures; these alt cost
money that could be better spent.
We have cut down the dues and
Btill keeping up all the expenditure,
crafts, falling to grasp the fact that
the machine has cut out crafts as
As a class we function, as a class
let us organize.
One organization, one set of organizers, one general fund. Strike
off your' chains.
P. A. J.
Folder No. E826.
Presidential    Candidate's    Speech
Indicates tliat Mexico Must
bo Annexed
More than ordinary significance
attaches to Senator Harding's remarks on Mexico. It is the flrst
official Interpretation by the nominee of the ambiguous but distinctly threatening attitude which the
leading Republicans of the country
have long assumed towards the
neighboring republic, Mexico.
That war with Mexico ls on the
cards is made probable by the Insulting proposals of thu Fall report—generally indorsed by Republicans—the threatening language of Senator Lodge in his
"keynote speech" at the Chicago
convention, and the bellicose utterances of certain prominent Republican publicists.
Marshfleld, Ore. — Representatives of the Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen, a "union"
formed for the workers by the employers* have agreed on behalf of
the men to accept a wage reduction
of 50 cents a day In the Coos bay
district. Common labor ts reduced
from $5.30 to $4.80. The employers have been required to close
their mills unless the reduction was
accepted. The bosses have been pitting the Loyal Legion against the
timber workerB union and the I.
W. W.
Freedom, political and economic,
Is never purchased at too high a
price. And the rewards for subjection were never great enough to
tempt a man sufficiently intelligent
not to sell his soul.
A Sturdy
This is a Boot for men i
who w*nt value.   Menl
who know good work-V
manship    and    sound
quality.  Tou will flnd
both    in    this    boot. _.^_^^^^^^__
Sturdily built of solid leather. With heavy sewn and
standard screwed sole, tough and durable. Blucher cut;
strong but comfortable upper. Leather insole. Reinforced toe. A strong boot, built to stand the strains of
workaday wear. Brown and Black leathers. All sizes.
Price $8.50.
 m HAsrnros btbbet east	
Halls forMeetings
For terms apply J. 0. SMITH, 804 Fender Street West
O. B. V. Headquarters Fhone Seymour 291
Patronize Federationist Advertisers!
Hen Thty Axe, luaixea for Tou
Mr. Union Man, Out Tbls Oat aud Olve It to Tour Wire
Tljdalli Limited...
..018 Hasting, Btreet We,l
Ooa Jbses (Brunswick Pool Booma) —. Hastinga Street Eaaj
Book Stores
International Book Store Cor. Haatings and Columbia Street]
. , _ Boots and Shoes
Ingledew Shoo Store . 666 Oranvllle Streei
Johnston's Big Shoe House 409 Hastlnga W|
"K" Boot Shop 319 Hastings Streot Weal
5<"f"„.P*M" M Hastings Streot Weal
Wm. Diok Ltd. Hastings Street Eaal
Vanoouver Co-operative 41 Pander Street Wear
MacLaohlan-Taylw Company S3 Cordova Street Was
Cornett Bros. e« Haatinga t*\
Boot Factory L.
Chrletlt Boot Factory   SI Cordova Street Weal
Golden Sate Cat Hastings Street Baal
O. B. U. Model Cat B7 Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cate  Opp. Orpheum Theatnf
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Willnrd Coatea 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastlnga Street Wesl
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 15th Floor Standard Bank Bldsl
Dr. Lea Holder 74 Falrfleld Buildinil
Dr. Edgar W. Moore 40I-40S Carter Cotton Bldgl
Vancouver X-Ray Institute 614 Standard Bank BulldlnJ
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St Wl
Dr. H. Simpson 6 Flack Bloelf
Ray 233 Keefer Street!
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold ft Quigley 546 OranvUle Street
Clumans, Ltd 163 Hastinga Street Weal
Clubb ft Stowart , ......309-316 Hastlngi Street Weil
B. O. Outfitting Co. : 842 Hastinga Street West
B. c. Tailoring Co  342 Hastlnga Baal
Wm. Diek Ltd 83-49 Hastingi Stmt Baal
Thos. Foster ft Co., t.m  514 Granville Streel
J. W. Foiter ft Co, Ltd 345 Hastings Street Wert
J. N. Harvey Ltd 185 Hutinga West and Vietoria, B. a
C. D. Bruce .„ 401 Haatings Street West
New Tork Outfflttlng Co...
W. B. Brumitt.	
Thomas ft McBain...
-143 Hastings Street Wert]
.....Cordova Street]
..OranviUe Streetl
..Hastlngi and Abbott Streeta I
..112 Hastingi Wert I
Woodwards Ltd	
Victor Clothes Shop...   -^—__^_—_________^______
D. K. Book  HT Haatingt Street Weill
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pander Btreet Weat I
Rlckaon'i 820 Qranvllle St
Kirk ft Oo„ Ltd.
.829 Maia Bt, Seymour 1441 aid 481
Dr. Brett Anderson	
Dr. W. J. Curry.	
Dr. Oordon Campbell	
Dr. Grady—'.	
..403 Hastlnga Weat
...801 Dominion Bulldln|
Corner OranviUe and Bobson Streeta
.Corner Haatinga and Beymour Streetl
Britannia Beer...
Cascade Beer...
Ta»—Soft Drinka...
Van Bros	
Coca-Cola Co. 	
-.Westminster Brewery 0a
..Vancouver Breweries Lti
 408 Dunsmuir Street
_._._Cideri and wiaM
 .Winnipeg, Ml
Vancouver Drug Co...
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co..
Dry Goods
.Aay of their six stem
-.828 Hastings. Street West j
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Btreet Waal |
Pltmana Business College .
.42 Richards street ]
Sprott Skaw Business Institute  ".. 836 Hastlnga Wait j
Success Business College Cor. Tenth and 1
The Sheldon Institute of Buslnesi Science 42-48 Canada Life Bldg. I
Western Collegiate Institute Third Floor Duncan Building |
Brown Bros, ft Co. Lti. 48 Hastings East and T28 OranviUe Street J
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros. 2898 Oranvllle Streetl
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 238 Klngawayl
Nunn. Thomson ft Olegg .......... ...531 Homer StreetJ
Hutlngi Furniture Co ._...„.4I Hutlngi Btreet Weill
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main StraeCl
Home Furniture Company.,.' 418 Main Btrn
Broadway Table Supply 622 Broadway 1	
Cal-Van Market .„__._... Hastinga Street Opposite PantagM
"Slaters" (three stores) .Hastings, OranvUle and Main Streets!
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street Welti
Union Public Market 36-37 Hastings Street Weatp
U. T. Wallace lit Hastlngi Btreet WestT
Black anl Whit* HM Stor* ,
 Cor, Hasting* and Abbott Streeta
.42 Cordova Street
Central Hotel	
Canada Hotel Richards stre*
Jewelers |         ______
O. B. Allan 480 Oranvlll* Strut!
North Wut Mall Order House  616 Pender Street Vfeem
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Bby, B.A., M.B., 999 Broadway We*«]
Musical Instruments
Maaon ft Risch 738 Oranvlll* 9trt*A
Swltser Bros 812 Hastings Street West]
J. H. Huley ..824-826 Birka Building]
Morris Optical Co 649 Granville Strut!
Lyttleton Bros 119 Hastlnga Stfeet WM|
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand—        (Turner Beeton ft Co, Vietoria, & C)_
Hunter-Henlemn Paint Co...
BrlUsh American Paint Co....
Crown Faint Co. ................
 841 OranvUle StreotJ
 622 Beatty Strut]
..24 Cordova Street East]
Madame Hlnger	
Madam Johnson	
  .661 OranvUle Streetl
 186 Hastings Street Wutr
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse.............. ........	
..Labor Ten
-Tower BuUi
Solicitors ■	
Morrla Boskln  816 Standard Bank BulldlnfB
Stove Repairs
Central Sheet Metal Works, Royal Stove Repair Works....660 Cambli It]
Taxi Service
Stanley Steam Taxi Co ,   334 Abbott Streetl
Theatres and Movies
Empress Orpheum  Panf
. Transportation
Terminal Steam MiVlgatlon Co., Ltd. ""'tn Docki] FR1DA1 October 1, 1920
twelfth tear. no. 4«      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vanocuvbr. b> c.
In spite of the high prices prevailing, it is an
easy matter for you to be well dressed. W*
stock a complete range of EXCLUSIVE model*
ln WOMEN'S Suits, Dresses and Coats, and
auits, overcoat* and raincoats for MEN. " A
apect our new lines today.
349 nosjtii^j StWe^t-
WE   !
omonc sevens.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for ont roar's ■obieriptloa to Tho
B. 0. leduatbalst, will .. aalloi tt
en, addroso la Canada for 883.50
(Oood anywhoro ontildt of Vaaetavtr
city.) Ordor loa today. Bomlt wkoaioht
Hank's hired man says: "They're
eallln' old Chrla Olson a bullshe-
week because he goes akoun' tellin'
'em that Christians outta vote fer
the kingdom of Qod Instead of wal-
tln' fer the Almighty to hand lt to
'om. A lot of people with easy
plckln's are Jest hopln' that kingdom won't arrive till after they're
dead. It would be too darned radical."
North Vancouvor Co-operative
whist drive and danc* ln K. P. hall,
Friday, Ocetober IB. Admission
86c; refreshments froe. Tlokets at
Irish Constabulary—Black and
Tan—and Imperial troops are ear-
I'ylng on a definite campaign of reprisals against Sim Fein activities,
It ls becoming an every day occur-
ance now to read of night raids by
police and soldiers upon towns and
village! and'tho burning down of
houses, factories and looal government buildings. Tha Britlah preal
ia getting anxious over thea* reprisals and demand that thay atop.
It may react on Britiah property.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Be sure to notify'the post offloo
a* soon as you change your address.
Our stook or Dinner Sets ia delightfully varied
and complote.   We ore ottering a slightly mismatched set of 4t-plece partly
ohina, at only. :_i —_
The "Toyland" of Vancoftver .net brim full ot
happiness Ib our Toyland.   The "Cootie" game
Is a winner.   See lf you can
"capture 'em" -	
"Headquartera for China and Toys"
410 Hastings Street Weat Phone Seymour 476
Are We Making Men or Machines? Industrial or
««««*« ******        ****** ****** rv   .   *   .    _r\ •      . •   __
«.,,.,.    a   rj    a    ie  x               District Organization
sidelights on Our Educational System —	
(By A. M. 8.)
NSOFAR a* we co-inold* with
nature ln our educational methods we shall make rapid
and permanent progress. Looking
about ua we cannot help recognising that nature's processes do not
tend towarda .similarity but rather
towards seemingly endless differen.
Nation. Apparently the aim 1* not
to make any two or more Individ*
uals alike but rather to emphasise
differences In type.
In our educational efforts, w.
are continually striving to limit the
individual and make hira conform
to certain standards—to make him
a polished bit of mechanism whlah
will qualify him to run amoothly
in the larger machine w* call so
clety. W* trim hum according to
a pattern set by ohuroh a'nd state
Into what we term a respectable
and God-fearing citizen. If, ln the
process, he lose* hi* oreatlve power', his Initiative and Individuality,
at least w* hay* rendered hm
doolie slave of tradition and convention—"a aheep who befor* hli
ahearlng la dumb."
The Present System
The preaent syatem of eduoatlon
does not aim at th* produotlon of
fre* man and free women—(ar
from It. Mm aad women wh* possessed th* power1 to think for themselves—who were free from pr*.
conceived opinion* and ideas
would be dangerous to tha peace
and harmony of a state based upon
injustice and to which th* highest
standard for all practical purposes
I* th* almighty dollar. Nor could
priests continue to llourlih upon
thi tat ot the land ln a community
of enlightened and fearless Individuals who were capable of knowing the truth about themselves and
the universe about them. It li necessary for the existence of the
eocleslosttcal hierarchies that men
should be taught that they are
"miserable slnnerB," "worms of the
dust," Justly victims of a "jealous
and offended Diety" and ln need of
the services a'nd mediation of a
priest to save them from divine
judgment. Similarly the safety of
established political Institutions depends upon training our children
to look upon the present order oa
sacred and Inviolable, to regard
theli1 rulers with reverence and
awe, and the prevailing morals and
conventions aa ordained by heaven.
13 it likely or possible that an
idealistic system of education
whose aim Is the production of
strong, self-reliant clean minded
Individuals should exist under conditions whldh allow children to
starve while dogs and cats bedecked and be-rlbbo-ned live in luxurious palaces, which puts men ln
prison for stealing food for a starving wife and covers other men with
honors and wealth for stealing a
railroad or hogging the food sup-
■-' n nation; which condemns
women ln thousands to a life of
shame or to the horrors ot legalized prostitution dignified by the
name of marriage; which haa commercialized every human virtue;
and which cruellies truth and relegates love to the gutter and vice
to a throne?
Are Por Proflti
It Is true that our present systems of education pay due attention to physical training.   Strong-
bodied slaves ore of more value to
Saskatchewan's Experience with
Government Control and Sale
The Hon. George Lang ley, Minister of Municipal Affairs for Saskatchewan, writes:
"Regina, Sask., May 10th, 1920.
"Dear Sir—Replying to yours of the fourth instant, asking me to state
reasons why the Saskatchewan government has washed its hands of all intention to again take control oi the liquor business.
"I think I ean boil the whole thing down into a sentence; No government
which believes it can do useful work for the people should take a stop which
means suicide, and after looking all around the subject wc were forced to
thc conclusion that a continuance of our liquor management would inevitably
mean that.
"I am strongly of the opinion that for some time to come all governments
in Capada will be wiso to adopt a policy pf "hands off" insofar as directly
carrying on a liquor business is concerned.
"Wc are fortunate in getting it out of our hands without any whisper
of scandal, hut the members of thc government of Saskatchewan were carried
almost to the point of nervous breakdown in anticipation of unavoidable
disastor. It seems the easiest thing in the world to talk of selling liquor in
scaled packets, but that necessitates the creation of liquor warehouses, the
shipment of liquor in bulk, a large bottling institution; in fact, all thc general work of carrying on a liquor business.
"Every mtn in the business would be a government official and thc government is stained by the sights that are unavoidable in carrying the business
on; further, «vcry man or woman seen under tho influence of liquor is pointed
out as a victim of the government's sins, and 8» there is a very considerable
number of persons who overstep thc limit of prudence in taking liquor, the
sins of tho government pilo up until they become a mountain.
"I know that there are a great many people actuated by the best intentions
who say: "Experience has proved that no interest but the government can
bo safely allowed to carry on such a business." Our experience was that a
government is just as liable to get into trouble as a private corporation when
carrying on the liquor business.
"If the people of British Columbia want to encourage good and capable
men to enter their government, as I feel sure they do, they should not saddle
thom with the responsibility of carrying on a liquor business; such a business,
hide as we may, is in its very nature opposed to sobriety and righteousness.
"Yours sincerely,
"Minister of Municipal Affairs tor Saskatchewan."
Attorney-General Turgeon of Saskatchewan:
"Our government wns in lhe liquor bualii 'ss once, but nuvoi
again I"
n! Novel'
Does B.C. Want the Same Experience?
the state than weaklings. They
make much more profits for their
ownerfl, are less expensive t« keep
and make better defnders. of the
rights of property In case of war.
In fact, eugenics are quite popular
and the scientific breeding of
healthy human animals is advocated widely as a function of the
state aforementioned.
But when we come to the department of education dealing with
mental development, we are aware
of a desirable perversion of the
word "education." Our dictionaries
tell us that this word Is derived
from a Latin word "educo" which
means "to lead forth" or "to draw
out." That ls to say, true education consists In the development
of the Inherent powers of the Individual rather' than in the Injection or cramming ln of ideas and
Information from outside sources.
Evidently those In charge of our
educational systems are afraid to
educate l.e., draw out the Inherent
powers of the child. It is safer
to drill ln the seeds which will give
the desired crop ot Ideas and actions. 80 from the beginning of
the child's school Ufe lt ls given
second-hand information — someone else's ideas Instead of Its own
—hoary opinions and. precepts Instead of assistance in collecting Information and forming judgments
of its own therefrom. And, in view
of the faot, that its fond parents
expect and hope that It will make
a success of life as It exists "at
present—whloh means, of course,
that lt will become a wealthy property owner, In possession of a bank
account, an automobile, and a wife
and family, it is subjected to mental training directed to that end.
Shrewdness and alertness of intellect, hi competition with Its
schoolmates, the capacity "to outstrip and get the better of Its competitors," are all promising signs
that ln the race for fame and
money the child will one day be a
success. At least, It must be fitted
to take-Its place In the Industrial
and commercial Ufe of the nation
as a producer of profits—"for the
other fellow."
Useless Frills
Studies whioh would develop the
spiritual side of the child are
hardly tolerated, usually frowned
on as useless frills. It Is apparent
that a man with a soul might not
be satisfied with civilization as lt
exists. He might even have irritating aspirations for higher and
nobler things than material prosperity. He might develop Impractical notions about truth, beauty,
justice and other shadowy ideals
that have little to do with the production of pelf. So It is that music,
poetry, painting and other kindred
subjects are merely introduced In
minute quantities into cur'rlculums
and then under protest
So all along the line we are faced
with the fact that an ideal system
of education based upon the assumption that human life Is worth
more than dollars and cents cannot be realized in a civilization
based upon property. Again we are
reminded of the futility of trying ;]
to pour new wine Into old bottles.
The old system of education was
part of the old order—the civilisation that is at present breaking
upon the rocks. The houae which
we built and deemed secure was
often pointod to with pride as
"our wonderful Western civilization." But it whs built upon shifting snnds instead of upon th*» firm
foundation of the eternal verities
of love and brotherhood. Nor have
we any fear that the new order
will not be better than the old.
Mnst certainly it could not be
worso. The world has grown tired
Df anarchy camouflaged as law and
at least an attempt Is being mnde
to establish conditions under which
tho huir.on mind and soul can express itaolc in action. How far that
attempt will ho successful depends
upon the vlsltf.i ot its leader's and
their truo understanding of man
and his problems.
When a Girl Is Young
Henrietta Dubb
i|n discussing the "Industrial _.
ijtrlct" question* tt Is advisable
iat we have some Idea as to why
men    organise    themselves    Into
""in the flrst place lt Is not to
.control the disposal of their prod
uct, consequently the market in
,\OTiich lt Is sold, is not, save lh very
Tare instances, which are of a political character, any of their busl-
v, The need of resisting, or offsetting, the encroachments of capital by attempting to obtain ar
maintain an adequate standard of
living, is the basis on which unions
are bullded. In order to be effective
It is essential that they be able to
bring the utmost available- pres
sure to bear upon their Immediate
employers when necessity demands,
This has been responsible, in the
main, for the many changes and
modifications which have taken
place since modern trades unions
made their appearance.
Owing to the Increasing specialization of labor, and the reduction
of skill necessary ln production,
by virtus of machine production,
together with the aforesaid specialization, it has become necessary
to havs the co-operation of all
branches ot any given Industry in
order to enable the workers encaged therein to obtain their demands.
The effectlverefs of the power
thus gained Is conditioned by these
other factors: 1st The condition
of the market In which the product of the ltoustry is sold.
2nd The degiee of organization
and collective contiol of same possessed by the workers of the district ln which the hldustry ls located.
8rd The condition of the labor
It must be further understood
that the threat of tho stoppage of
work Is always more feared by the
employers, than anything whloh
may happen after it has taken
Certain expenses are Incurred
varying In different Industries, an
restarting a plant after it has been
disorganized owing to a cessation
of work .consequently after the
expense Is already assured, by virtue of the strike taking place, the
employer Is usually piepared to
flght.        s
When thla happens,, and it matters not whether the Industry be
lumber of shipbuilding, we flnd
that the employers engaged in the
Strike are at once supported, not
'by employers engaged In the same
%Austry in other localities, who',
as-a matter of fact, seize the opportunity ot capturing the other
'fellow's market, but by the, mem-
■bet's of the "Board of Trade," In-
dlUduals who are engaged In kind.
feti and subsidiary branches of industry in the same district
JThe workers are at once faced
with the necessity of maintaining
tttls pressure upon the employer,
by preventing him from obtaining
other laborera to take the place
of those on strike, and also, lf
necessary, by bringing pressure to
ar upon his supporters by threat-
iing a stoppage of their respective industries.
It ls apparent that such action
can only be taken when control is
vested In the district In which the
strike Ib taking place.
The trouble with the Internationals Is not that they are not organized, but that control rests In
the hands of a general executive
board. Instead of In the district
A series of big industrial unions
would be no more effective than
the internationals. The workers
are still divided. Control Is still
being withheld from them and they
could function no better than do
the A. F. of I., unions at the present time.
Great Britain has a, group of big
Industrials but they fall to respond
to tho needs of the workers even
though that country Is no larger
than B". C. The shop steward move,
ment of Great Britain ls fighting
for district control of ttfe industrial' unions. Their programme as
outlined below ls very little different to the idea of the O. B. U. as
formulated at Calgary. 1019, and
now being advocated by thoBe In
favor of district control in the O.
B. U.
Departmental Committee—Com-
"poscd of one representative from
every fifty workers, or part of fifty.
• Workshop Committee—Composed of representatives from each
departmental   committee.
Plant Committee—Composed of
representatives of every workshop
In the plant. Would co-ordinate
the workers of the workshop committee.
District Committee of a Particular Industry—Would link up all
tho plants of a particular industry
together throughout the district,
and would thereby make action to
romedy a grievance at once swift
and solid.
District Council of All Industries
—Would link the different industries together, and mako class action over a given area effective.
Would undertake the organization
■of   unorganized    Industries,    anil
[By Miriam Allen De Ford]
Most of you are acquainted with
Henry Dubb, the square-headed
working man whom Ryan Walker
lms made alive for us. Henry is a
real "sclsaor-blll;" he knows that
hts interests and the boss' are Identical, and that' why the boss sees
that he gets just onough hay and
oats lo keep from starving, and a
big onough st;.11 to sleep in without
cramping his usoful right arm.
Wh?n hay aud oats and stalls
grow moro expensive, the bosa has
to give Henry moro money to purchase his little minimum with, and
he calls that raising Henry's wages,
and Henry takes off his cap and
aays, "Thank you, boss; why ya so
good to me?"
Porhaps you didn't know that
Henry has a sister, Henrietta. Henrietta usually works in an office.
She would be rightfully offended If
any one ever suggested that she belonged to the working class,    She
couldn't possibly be aeen nssoclat-4wTe ilcr as much raise as she de
Ing with people who make things,, WrvoSt    As for legislation to fix a
instead  of Belling them;   and  she
would be ashamed to belong to
union.    That sort of thing Is all  Hanriotta!
right for common working girls,
you know, though very foolish even
for them. Besides, there are no
Class-* hore. H .nrietta ''an t.'. you
luftt Miy time hi learn'cd It from
her brothor H6nry.
Henrietta doesn't like to acknow-
nowledge that she needs her salary
(Henriettas novor get wages—-always salaries), because If she didn't
get it she couldn't eat.   If she Uvea, Henrietta iat
at home ahe intimates delicately
that of course papa could support
her if she wore willing, but she believes a girl nuphl lo tin snmol.i.ng
useful, and besides, she's earning
enough to Hli nor hope-chest, it
sho hasn't that camouflage, then
she ts engaged to a perfectly swell
fellow, a travelling salesman, and
she's just working tilt they can buy
their home and own a flivver. An
economically Independent married
woman la somothing that makes
Henrietta positively 111.
Henrietta's not interested In all
this talk about shortening hours
aud raising pay, A girl's worth just
what the boss thinks she Is; nnd lf
she's faithful and never watches
the clock or powders her nose In
oflle.Q hours, some day thc boss will
minimum wage—why. the Idea of
applying such an idea to people like
nit's very dangerous to have anything to do with such thlnga—you
Might as welt be a Socialist or an
Anarchist or whatever they cat!
those troublesome people. As for
striking, why a girl has a right to
vyork anywhere and In any way sho
wants, and she'd like to see any
Walking delegate Interfering with
her!   She's 600 per cent, American,
nl truat I have made It perfectly
plain that Henrietta ls a atato of
mind. No offlce or professional
worker ts doomed to be a Henrietta, and there are many Henriettas
Infesting stores and factories. It la
a dlseaae caused by tho deadly microbe, Ignorantta Stupida; and the
only cure for lt as a big dose of education,
If fate has put a Henrietta at the
next desk or the next machine to
you, it is your urgent duty to try to
effect hor cure. Cured Henrlottas
are very valuable animals, and can
even be rocommonded as household
pots. And If by any chance you are
a Henrietta—but no! If you were a
Henrietta, you would never havo
read this far enough to profit by
my advice.
would aot as the workers' intelligence department of the area.
National Committee of Particular Industries—Would link up the
districts and ensure aggressive action On a national scale.
National Council of All Industries—Would link up the different
national committees for claas action on a national scale. Would
also act as the general staff of labor.
Contrary to the opinions of some
who see nothing but tho Industrial
department, the loggers of B. C.
or the longshoremen, or shipbuilders have not more ln common with
workers lh similar industries back
east, or In Europe than they have
with other workers in their immediate  neighborhood.
As a matter of fact the loggers
at Powell River have more In common with the Pulp and Paper
workers than they have with a logger In tho Crows Nest Pass.
And both have more ta common
with the seamen and longshoremen of Vancouver and Prince Rupert than with members of their
own craft elsewhere. The reverse
ls equally true. What have the
transport workon of the Pacific
ln common with the aame class of
workers on the Atlantic, more ao
than with the workera ln their
Immediate vicinity?
It muat bo remembered that
whilst workers may earn their living tn a specific branch of Indus-
try, they live in districts containing other branches of industry
proper, all of which are Interested.
The owners ot which have a common Interest, and the workers ln
which have also a common interest.
In both cases a class lntereat, and
these are diametrically opposed.
The plan put forward by the Industrial union advocates does not
differ ln effect from the Duncan
plan, put forward to offset the O.
B. U„ of making the A. F. of L.
over Into twelve great industrial
The O. B. IT., as laid down at
Calgary was to be a working class
organization, with district control
subject to the general laws of the
organisation, and not a group of
big Industrial unions possessing
that competitive psychology which
obscures the class view by a patriotic obsession to a specific organization.
The Lancashire cotton operatives
are preparing for a change which,
if lt la carried out, will place them
tn the position of dictators of the
Already a powerful committee ts
considering the new proposal that
there ahall be one great union embracing all sections of workers ln
cotton mills, not only of cotton
workers allied for political or for
industrial purposes, but for the two
tn combination.
"Wtth thta great weapon ln our
hands,' 'an operatives' representative said, "we shall set our programme before the milt owners and
demand its acceptance.
"With all sections of workera ln
one unton we ahall be the moat
powerful tradeB organization ln the
kingdom, and—let there be no mistake about this—we shall control
the trade. Our Influence will be felt
on the exchanges at Manchester
and Liverpool.
'There is a feeling tn some quarters that our first step ahould be to
demand the elimination of the middlemen, who gamble In raw materials and make thousands out of stuff
they never see or handle. If we
can got rid of these gambling speculators, who are the parasites of
the cotton trade, the community
will owe us gratitude."
Where la your Union button?
Peking, China—Once more the
Orient outdistances the Occident.
China's foreign offlcp h*s discovered that the Czar's-government 'a no
more, and has notified Prince N. A.
Koudacheff, Bussian minister to
China by appointment of the Czar,
that voluntary ceaBatlon of functioning the "legation" and consulate would be welcome.
We patronize thoae who patronize us.
Six more members of tho Minne-
apolls Trades and Labor Council
have been charged with contempt
of court. Four membera are already aervtng six months for vlolat-
tion of the injunction restraining
them from declaring a moving picture house unfair.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
H Here on Our Os
of CREDIT which enable
you to furnish throughout
to ault yourselves. Beds,
Bedding, Carpets, Stoves,
Ranges, etc, etc.
—We treat you right—
Furniture Co.
Opposite Oily  Hull
Boys' and Girls'
School Boots
; Leckie and Steelite Brands—All solid leather.'
Double wear fa1 every ^air - f
Steelite Boys' Boots-Sizes 11 to 18% $3.96
Sizes 1 to 5 \ ,;.'•.. J4.96
Th* OM Established firm
Patent,       Trada Marks       Dnl(U       Copyrights
Otk-r oBee,—OtUwt, Toronto, Uortml, gWMst. 	
J.hn. to C.Q..S:  N.w York .ei T_.M.It__L D. 0
a. a.
Nothing s Too Goo d
for Your Eyes
Your lot. depend, npon yonr vision.
Yon cannot .lord to tool witk tyMlf M. It taunt* I— my UfkMl o,lic_l
II Here I. tko illskust Mist with Os .tee, sss ns wttk.nl War.
We offer tke beet senrlees.
Dr. Price, In chew, of onr optometHosl iepartment, Is oss .1 tke ami Ms.
moat spa-lsll-ts In hla elsts.  Let hla mak. an .lamination (free sf seat).
We csn lit jron with the beat (lsssss ftrsae 18.60 to »5.00 aad spwari.  We
also make a apeolsltr In caaea si defective Tleloa ia ekildna.
Established 20 Yean
Assayers, Prospectors and Surveyors
The B.C. School of Pharmacy & Science
Crown Building, 615 PENDER ST. W. Pbone Sey. 1740
A separate Department to give PRACTICAL training to Prospectors, Assayers and Surveyors hu been established la tho
above institution.
Any man who haa ambition to Improve bis position will find tho
opportunity here.
These are PRACTICAL courses for PRACTICAL men by PRACTICAL Lecturers.  It is not merely theoretical work whloh could
be obtained from booka.
The department ls In charge of Mr. Stanley Foulds and Mr. R.
P. Wilson, D.L.S., who have spent many years at the work.
For particulars write or call on the Principal, P. J. BAltf.
NOTE—Ai a proof of oor methodi, th* following reinlti were obtained by as
daring the put year: lit plate la th* B. O. l-tmi Surveyors' Final; 111
place in B. C. Land Surveyors' Preliminary; lit plioe ln B. C. Univ. Applied
Sclonee Ent.; lit place In B. O. Minor and Major Pharmacy; lit plaoa Ul B.
0. Law Preliminary.
For Twenty Teari wa have issued this Union Stamp for ass under su
Peacaful CollectlTi Bargaining        x
Perbidi Both Strikes aad Lockettl
Disputes Sottled by ArbltraUsa
Steady Bmployraenfr*nl Skilled Workmanship
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers sad PibUe
Peace and Success to Workeri and Bmplsysn
Prosperity of Shoe Making OsnuannltUs
As loyal aulas msn sod woman we ask
you to demand shoes bearing ths abets
Unloa Stamp ea Soli. Insole or lining.
Oollla Lovely, Gon.r.1 FreBld.nl    OhtrUi L. B.ino,  O.nsr.1 Stc.-TfMS.
The 1 M.T. Loggers' Boot
Mall orders ptrionally attended te
Guammccd to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successor!) to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
riiono Seymour OOO Ropalrs Done While Ton Walt
Freah Out mowers, Funeral DoHgns, Weaning Bouquet!, Fot Pluto
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' "
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Btreet East 728 Oranvillo Stroot
Sermour 088 672 Seymour 0613
Dr. Reed's Cushion Sole Shoes
are the easiest shoes on earth. If
your feet aohe or your corns hurt,
get Into a pair of Dr. Reed's and
forgot your troubles.
All the now lasts and every width
for perfect fitting.
"Uiiion-Miulo Footwear" , "pSGrEisar
twelfth year. no. 40       THS BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. o.
 October 1, 111
Beit'  Dept, Seoond Floor
Oamda'a L*r_ixt Eirtunlve Stan
Ver Men and Boya
Whose Clothing
Bill Is Lowest?
That of the prudent, far-sighted man
who considers not the price on the
ticket, but the coet per season. Clothes
that wear many days beyond the average—and look well even to the last day
of wear. You will find those kind of
Clothes here. Nothing else. The explanation b found in the exceeding
care given by our buyers in obtaining
the world's beet values. It is economical to wear CLAMAN'S CLOTHES,
Suits and Overcoats
$25, $27.50, |30, 135 to $75
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes
Impertinent Reflections on Canada
"Some men are senators beoause
they are rich; others are rich because tbey aft senators."—James
Bryce, ex-British ambassador.
What about renewing your sub.t
H. Walton
Bpeelaliat  in   Electrical   Treatment!,
Violet Ray and High  Frequency lor
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, Par
alyiU, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatments,
Chronic Ailments.
Phone Seymour 2048
191 Haitian «r«4 West.
Makovski Gets Busy
In Yale Riding
{Continued from page 1)
oould to help them out. He thsn
very obligingly vacated the chair
In order to give the platform committee the benefit of hli ripe wisdom and naturally that platform is
a gem.
If any chairman had made such
remarks at a labor convention he
would have been kicked down the
stairs, and lf a platform like that
had been read there would have
been a shout of laughter which
would have shaken the building.
It will be unnecessary to take It
up ln detail, but Its labor plank ls,
"a fair day's wage for a fair day's
work." There la also an Important
plank asking that the duty be kept
on fruit so that American fruit
could not be sold on the prairies
"below the cost of production,"
whatever that means. Anotole
France aays that Europe Is dying
and any student oan tell that we
are on the verge of social revolution the Farmers and Veterans of
An Advantage
The man fortunate enough to secure a Fashion-Craft
Snit or O'Coat has an advantage over most clothes-
It is a difficult season. There ls a scarcity of the best—a flood
•f goods below the average. Strange makea bidding (or your
The same Fashion-Craft means all-wool olothea of known
merit aad assured value by a house that has never lowered ita
standard af quality.
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Yale are fiddling while Rome
burns, or' rather Makovski fiddles
while they danee,
Labor was never mentioned except once when Makovski speculated as to how many labor votes
could be captured from our1 candidate and once when he went out
of hia way to offer a gratuitous insult to the Labor Party, and Comrade Richardson, by making a
statement which was absolutely
false. The whole thing was evidently a frame-up, and the Farmers
of Yale would do well to keep one
eye, on both of them, on Mr. Ma-
kouski and his manoeuvres.
Although Mrs, Henderson knowe
the farmer situation better perhaps
than any one else in the country,
having organized the campaigns in
Nova Scotia and Ontario, she was
given no chance whatever to address the meeting. The platform
is more re-actlonary even than that
of the old parties, not a word being said of social ownership of any
utility, the whole atmosphere of
the convention being re-actlonary
and fully fifty years behind the
The farmer will realize his
economic position In time and will
find that he will be obliged to cooperate with labor. The str'ange
thing la that there were men preaent at that convention who know
this very Well and who realize the
trend of events, but the steam roller
was too much for them. It Is well
to place the facts about this convention before every laborlte in
B. C„ not with any idea of creating
any division between the producers
of town and country, but ih order
that we may know what to expect.
Labor will have to intensify Its campaign' of organization and education. The farmer's need education
more than the city workera do, and
above all, they must watch for stool
pigeons in their ranks.
ladies'Coats and Men's Suits
It's a aale wltth a punch —It's caught on—people aro astonished at Uie wonderful values offered so early In Uie
CUria' nothing
Dtmih in lha |sl»t
fsU ,tyl.i, tor girls
sf aa S|.i, taieeei
•Mi' winter colli
* mm/ pl.uiig
series, Mdnced—
WE bought a mannfac*
tuw'i Mock, and we
are glvln« yon tke
benefit. Gome and Iniptet
the bargains (or yourself—
we'll tmit you If you
haren't the ready caifa.
Vilu.i lo 100.00 lor 116.00
Vslaw to 100.00 lor I1I.B0
Vsln.1 to .75.00 lor 125.00
Boys' Suits
Mule ol dnrali). lib*
ric», lu ,nnj>|iy
•tjrlll.     Silo  pricei,
Uai. el Irish ant West ot Knelnnd Sergei, tailored In aiw till
etylM.   Vlhlei to 105.00.     Site price
Oar rtgalar itoek Ii also reduced during this sale—
lio jfaiOAlNGS btAs*_r__ti' mum beymour J361
Oredit Storei, oppoWte Tbe Provinco
Oonvention   Kxpelo   Delegate   Because Ho Was Connected With
the I. W. W.—Not Loyal.
Kansas City—With one delegate
denied a aeat on the charge that he
had "by words and actions expressed sympathy with the I. W. W. and
'One Big Union' agitator's," the annual convention of the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers,
Iron Shipbuilders and Helpera of
America marked time here while
Its credentials committee scrutinized tho records of several other
delegatea accused of antl-Ameri-
The delegate denied a seat Is
John McKelvey, representing a
Seattle local union. In addition,
McKelvey waa suspended from
membership in the brothorhood.
Thia statement waa issued by the
press committee:
"No delegate will be seated ln
thla convontion unless he Ib known
to be a loyal-American citizen. No
man who haa ever been connected
with any I. W. W. 'Reds' or other
radical organisation can ait here
aa a delegate."
New Tork—Immediate deportation of Ludwig C. A. K. Mortens,
representative In the United Statea
of Soviet Russia, ia urged by the
National Civic Federation in a
statement calling for a declaration
of an anti-Soviet atand from every
present political oandldate. Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, Is
still vlce-prealdent of the organization.
THE    ONLY    I ,* ION    MADE
Best Quality—Right Prices
aas  Oarrall  Street.
Soy, 1160
(By an Bmlfrant Ohaplaia) U *
I apologia* for my raehnewtln
expressing an opinion of your eountry after an acquaintance of only
five weeks. However, Canadians
have aet me a precedent. Lord
Beaverbrook haa bought up gone
of the moat Influential newspapers
In England and ls flooding th» Old
Country with capitalist propaganda.
Mr. Bonar Law ta playing; the part
of saviour of the Empire and the
holy capltaliat state in the British
Houbo of Commons. This habit of
interfering ln other people's business ls practised with Impunity by
the diplomats and politicians of all
capitalist states. The peoples of
Russia, Mesopotamia and India
know it to their coat. Then again
missionaries of the numerous
Chriatlan churches have never hesitated to carry their propaganda
to races who have no desire to hear
It. So with such shining examples
to Inspire me I will plunge into the
attack. I left England seven weeks
ago In charge of the spiritual welfare of a thousand emigrants. Most
of them were ex-soldiers. I waa a
pink Soclaliit when I started, now
I am a red one. Canada has converted me. I have never been one
of those who believed that the
Britlah Empire was of divine origin
but I muat confess to having foolishly Imagined that Canada was a
living argument In favor of political democracy, of evolutionary reform and the blessings of palliatives.
But I must begin at the beginning. We left Liverpool. King and
country had not use for these men
who had fought to make the world
safe for democracy. Mr. Lloyd
George had won the laat election
on the promises of hanging the
Kaiser, making the Germans pay
the costs of the war and mnking
England a land flt for heroes to
dwell in. Well, there waa I, in
charge of aome of thoae heroes
who, after montha of unemployment and semi-starvation, had been
given by a generous government,
a free passage to Canada. Many
of them had left wives and children and old parents behind them
In absolute poverty. Over three
hundred million pounds have been
apent on the attempt to crush or at
leaat cripple the workers and peasants' Socialist republic in Russia
and to impose the kindly rule of
capltaliat Imperialism on our late
allies, the Arabs of Mesopotamia,
but what have our hypocritical
masters done for the proletariat of
Great Britain who slaved In factories and In trenches to win the
war for democracy, self-determination and the peace of the world?
The imperial government hns shipped them to Canada and is glad to
get rid of them, for they might
have gone Bolshevik If they had
stayed In England. As you may
Imagine, we discussed these things
on the boat and by the time we
reached Quebec many of us were
beginning to aee red. The process
of conversion was completed by
what I have seen In Canada, I at
leaat in my case. I will not harrow my readers' feelings by dwelling too long on this painful experience. My disillusionment ls
complete. I have tried to be tan
honest and Impartial observer' of
the manners, customs and conditions of life ln Quebec, Montreal,
Toronto and Winnipeg, Calgary and
Vancouver. Vancouver la the best
of the bunch and the weat ls preferable to the east but that ls not
saying much. In eastern Canada
your bourgeois are apelng the
worst vices of the Old Country nnd
even improve on them. The halC-
cducated profiteer buainess man
and his wife display, their weulth
and ignorance in your C. P. R. hotels in the same style as is done ln
London. But to some .extent lu
England the pretensions of such
people are despised. In Canada
they seem to be honored. In fact,
so far as I can see, money is the
only thing respected and- honored
by the Canadian bourgeoise. Class
distinctions and snobbishness are
rampant. Your politics and politicians are putrid with graft, bribery and corruption. Even your
bourgeoise admit thia; your' clergy
and buslnesa men in private have
assured me- of the complete ab-
!.rtnco of honor and slnjar'tv amonif
your politicians, Liberal and Tory
alike. B:\t they are too cow*-diy
to expose these thieve? and pei-
haps it pays to keep quiet. Your
dully i,nci-s are not on'y tiled with
'les and doctored news about Russia, Poland, Bolshevism, tho rated
of pay of English miners, etc., but
are written by journalists whoso
knowledge of the English language Is sadly Incomplete and whose
literary style Is that of a commercial traveller. Their Ilea too ore
second-hand end out of date. Even
the London papers have dropped
their lies about the nationalization
of women, Chinese mercenaries
and German gold In connection
with our Russian comrades' glorious revolution. Thtn your churcheB
are merely dope-shops.   I have at
tended lunday and week-night
services mt different churches In the
hope of being edified. Instead of
wMoh a tepid stream of nauseating
piffle has been squirted from the
pulpit upon the sheep-like congregation. With all our faults the clergy
ln England don't as a rule play the]
flunkey and the pimp to the rich.
We have clergy who are openly
preaching Socialism ln the east end
of London. Socialist clergy have
done good work for trade unionism
and the co-operative movement. In
Canada, beynd a little humanitarian gush and the slops of charity
the churches seem to have done
nothing for the workers. Perhaps
they have done something for the
parasites. Commercial travellers
and tradesmen may possible find
the church a useful institution. So
is religion prostituted for commercial purposes in God's own country ae patriotic Canadians say. And
what about the workers themselves? Have they thought out
their position ? Do they realize that
ln twenty years conditions in Canada wtll be as vile as they are in
the mines and factories of England
and America today, unlaw they
take steps to prevent oapitalism
from Imposing Its will on them.
You think you are free, you receive
higher wagea than your fellow-
workers ln the Old Country, but
they are the wagea of alavery. In
Europe and America the workera
have at leaat faced the facta. They
know they are slavea, they know
that political democracy is a fraud,
that parliament la the machine of
the capitalists. For centuries tho
slaves of, the world have tolled to
keep a handful of parasites ln luxury. Our Russian comrades have
broken their chains, Italy, Germany
and England have put their hands
to the hammers. Will you Canadians remain neutral?
Sermons by
J. S. Woodsworth
A Gallant Exploit
NY MAN, he his name BUI
Sykes or Alexander Roma.
noff, and any set of men,
whether the Chinese highbinder or
the Congress of the United States,
have tho right If they have the
poiver, to kill or coerce .other men
and to make the entire world subservient to their ends". - Society's
right to enslave the individual nnd
the individual right to enslave society are unequal only because
their powers are unequal."
So writes Benjamin R.Tucker In
his protest against the generally accepted theories of government.
Whether we agree or not. his protest muy start ua thinking—that is
no small accomplishment, The
don't often think.. We tnko what is
handed out to us. We accept without questioning the standards about
us. We inherit old clothes and traditional Ideas. The conventional
fetters development and progress.
A certain class In society is able
to enact certain laws that will be
advantageous to itself. Refusal to
keep these laws makes one a criminal. Criminals must be punished.
Whatever the state does is right,
and should be supported. A critic
becomes a criminal. Thus the
whole of society is hopelessly enslaved and degraded.
This last week our papers have
given in its gruesome details an account of the killing of some four
fellows in Saskatchewan. They had
gone up against our property laws
—laws which some day will be considered as unjust as the laws which
supported slavery. When pursued
they defended themselves by force.
They were very foolish.
Then there ensued a dreadful
battle. The desperadoes fired no
end of shots. The gallant defenders of law a-nd order maintained
for hours an unlntermlttent fusi
lade. Then the heroic tale halts a
bit While the curious ennvd look
on, the police set fire to the haystack in which the men were hidden and kept pouring their bullets into the burning stack. A lit*
tie later two charred bodies, face
downward, unrecognizable, reward the gallant efforts of these
sportsman like heroes who came
out of the "battle" unscathed.
Faugh! Do they ask us to "respect" such mon? Do they ask
us to justify such a vindication of
the majesty of the law? Do they
ask ua to subscribe to this most
Christian manner of dealing with
those whom society has made Its
enemleB? Surely the natural Instincts of any man revolt against
such barbarism! Still more is lt
condemned by the considered judgment of those who perceive the
false foundation on which society
at present rests.
If you like thla Issue, then pass
it along to a friend and get him
thinking on working-class lines.
Patronize   Fed   Advertizers,
The Town is Talking
about what we're Offering
In Week-End Specials at Prices You Can't Beat
Prices Slashed on
Penman's Natural Underwear
Similar to No. 86; regular 92 garment.   Special  $1.65
Hooka and Arrow Shirt*—
Reg. $3.60.   Special ..$2.85
Work Shirts—
In    Black    Twill;    "Big
Horn" make, reg. $8.50.
Special   $2.75
MulcHkin Work Glovee
Extra special  75c
White Comblnatlona
A fine line—in medium weight; is
very popular.  Special price ..$2.25
Penman's Natural Combinations
Good weight.   Kxtra special value
at our sale price $3.75
10 per cent oft on all Overcoata
Special at
$15 to «?.<>.   $35 to $45.
WM. DICK, Limited
4547-49 Hastings Street East
Sets Up Tribunals to Deal
(Special to the B. C. Foderationist, from W. Francis Ahern, Australian representative.)
Confessing that the Arbitration
law, as at present administered ln
Australia, had failed to accomplish that which lt was. though it
would accomplish, that Its powers
were limited, and that.the machinery of the Arbitration Courts were
too cumberous, the Australian
commonwealth government has
passed what la known aa In Industrial Peace Aet to deal with all disputes ln industry extending,beyond
the limit of any one atate In that
Details of the aat are Interesting, ilnce they mark a new departure In the aettlement of Industrial
disputes, as far aa Australia la concerned. It li proposed to aet up a
federal council of induatrlal representatives, consisting of a chairman
appointed by the government and
an even number, not loss than six,
of other membera, of whom one-
halt shall represent the employers
and one-half the employees. The
powers of the council will Inoude
the following: To consider all matters, conditions and tendencies
leading or likely to lead to industrial disputes, or ln any way affecting or likely to affect Industrial
peace; to enquire into any Indus-
trail matter brought before lt and
to declare Its opinion thereon; to
confer with any persons or associations as to any matters affecting tho prevention or aettlement of
Induutrial disputes; ti appoint committees of the council for the purpose of any inquiry or conference;
to summon any person before the
council or a committee thereof for
the purpose of conference or of giving evidence.
The government is also empowered to appoint district councils for
any state or part of the commonwealth. The members are to be
chosen in the same way as the
council, while the functions of the
district councfls will also be very
much the same.     . .
There Ib also a provision for the
appointment of special tribunal)
for the settlement or prevention of
disputes ln any industry. These tribunals are to consist of an equal
number of representatives of em
ployers and employeea, with i
chairman chosen hy agreement, or
by the government In the event of
failure of the parties to agree. This
tribunal shall have cognisance of
any industrial dispute referred to
It or to any dispute about which
a conference has been held, but of
Which no decision has boen reached. No dispute of which a plaint is
already in the arbitration court
when the hearing is commenced
will come within the limit of these
If a special tribunal is satisfied
that abnormal circumstances have
arisen which affect the fundamental justice of any terms of an award
made by the court, the tribunal
may set aside or vary any terms at
fected and any award or order
made by the tribunal shall be en'
forced as an award of the court.
The scheme also provides for local boards, consisting of a chairman and one representative from
each side which shall have cognisance of any industrial dispute
referred to it by the parties or by
a special tribunal.
As to the merits of the new
scheme, experience has shown that
tho Australian arbitration courts
are not the ideal method of settling Industrial troubles, and something which moved more quickly
la desired. In the past there have
been cases where unions, sick and
tired of getting their cases heard
In the arbitration courts have been
forced to strike, and only by strlk-
ing were they able to get a settlement of their claims. This has been
so particularly in the case of seamen, marine engineers und coal-
miners In the past. Whether or not
the Australian workers will acdept
the tribunals are another matter,
but it seems that some other method will have to be established to
take the place of arbitration which
ls today overloaded with cases and
no prospect of arriving at decisions
as expeditiously as desired.
Based on an Americnn Idea
Apparently tlie scheme is based
on the American idea of "getting
together" and talking the matter
over which legislators in Australia
have come to recognize has special
merit. The functions of the councils will be advisory but their purview will cover the whole Industrial sphere. They will consider
the causea of industrial unrest, suggest remedies, and endeavor to promote peaceful settlements of existing disputes. Where a round-table
conference can be brought about,
such will be recommended. The
councils, generally, will advise the
government and the parties what
ought to be done.
The tribunals will settle de facto
strikes, prevent disputes occurlng,
and call round-table conferences,
and the machinery of these tribunals will be very elastic. Provision
will be made for the local tribun
aa to attach themselves to districts
or lf more suitable to Industries,
and will deal with disputes as they
arise. These special tribunals are In
point of fact a recognition of the
round-table conference system
which had proved so useful in settling disputes In the past In Aus-
trulla. Their decision will be binding In law and have exactly the
same effect as an award of the Austrian court.
It Is not contended for a moment
that this scheme is a cure-all for
Industrial unrest but lt is certainly an advance In industrial legislation, and will prove of great value,
Socialist Speaker May Abo Tlait
* Number of Points in
Frank Canldy, who li well
known as an able Socialist propaganda, hu been aent out by the
Socialist Party of Canada aa an organiser. He ia 'now at Nelson, and
will make hla way through the
Crow's Nest Pasa, speaking at all
pointi where an audience oan be
If all goea well he will make hla
way to Calgary. Already he haa
held good meetings at Merritt and
Penticton, and It ll to be hoped
that in auch places as Fernle,
Michel, Frank, Bellvlew, Blairmore,
Coleman, Hosmer, Hlllcrest, Lethbrldge, Tabor, Macleod, etc., there
will be found a good nucleus of
local men who may be able to assist Fr'ank to organize meetinga.
Any available local Information
from these or any other points on
th* way regarding the possibilities I
for meetings will be welcomed by
E. MacLeod, S. P. of C. Secretary,
401 Pender Street Bast, Vancouver,
B. 0„ who In turti will oheerfully
furnish auoh information as he can
relative to Caiiidy'i whereabout!
nt any particular time.
Tlio price of copies of Pritchard's uddrrtw to the jury, Dixon's
address and tho history of thc
Winnipeg Htrlkc has been reduced
to 10 ctw. per copy. The Winnipeg'
defense committee Is also Issuing'
Defense Fund Stamps, the price of
which Is 25 centi each.
Washington—Systematic worldwide advertising by the tobacco
trust has raised cigarette consumption to gigantic proportions. Exports of "coffin naila" in 1919 aggregated 11,000,000,000, while In
the lame year 89,000,000,000 were
smoked In the United States,
Detroit, Mich.—Edward J. Call
and William J. Judge, treasurer
and secretary of the Detroit Yardmen's Association, were arrested
here by federal authorities on an
indictment charging them with vio
lattng the Lever Act. Thla ia part
of a nation-wide oharge against the
leaders of the "outlaw" atrlke.
Hartt Shoes
i For Men
A good many things make It
pleasant to shop here; they're
all inoluded In our general
. principle of teal servioe.
■>1Vb part of our lerrle* te
only aell reliable ahoea. That's
-why we feature Hartt Footwear for men.
' It'a part of our aervice else
to think more of pleaalng you
than "lolling" you; to sa*
that you are properly and
oarefulty fitted.
We always oonalder that any <
money you pay. us for shoes
la atlll your money until
you're satisfied yourself that
you like the ihow you've
When the call came ln 1914, your
king and country need you to defend the country againat the downfall of freedom, humanity and
Christianity, which we all have
found out since, was only camouflage of the capitalists, to save them
and their wealth, the working class
waa thrown into the struggle |
against the working class of other
capitalistic countries to kill each
other and disable thousands. It ls
with profound regret that I have
Buch a case as this to be published
In our reports:
(By Post-Intelligencer leased wire)
Chicago, Sept. 3—Sergeant John
F. Hoar ,a crippled soldier, wearing
two artificial lags, committed sul-
cide by Inhaling gas in his small
apartments at 21)40 Prairie Ave.
Hoar received wounds in the world,'
war which rendered him incapable
of earning a living for himself and
wife. He served In the Canadian
army, a member of the Princess
Pats regiment. On the floor beside
Hoar's body wns a letter from the
Canadian governmont informing
him that lt would be necessary to
reduce his pension. There was no
food in thc cupboard. Mrs. Hoar
had lees than $1.
"He tried so hard," sobbed Mrs.
Hoar. "He thought he was a burden to me, because when he came
back a cripple, I kept the promise
I had made and married him. We
were married on March 6. We
rented a room, and I got a job. He
tried bo hard to get one, too, but
everybody turned him down. Finally he found one, but after six weeks
his old wounds broke out nnd hia
boss told him he would have to get
a Job where he could sit down. He
brooded because he was unable to
find work that he could do. Hoar
was wounded at Vimy Ridge, when
a shell burst in a hole where alx
bodies were huddled. Hoar was
the only one of the party to escape
alive, but both his legs were gone.
Hoar's parents live In La Salle, 111.
This is the reward that the workers are receiving for losing all In
the great war. This shows the capitalists ln their true colors.   Fellow
workers, ex-servlce men and eon
rades, I bsg of you to think an
study the above and place yourie'
or your wife In the aame respeothr
poiitlons as Sergt. J. Hoar an
wife, This la only one of the man
thousands of such cases. Not onl
In the Canadian army, but In al
countries under the capitalists
rule. This inhuman treatmen
showa the value of the worker's Uf
ln the eyes of the capitalfiti, afte
you have fought and gained nl
Not for yourself, but for them.
Ii lt not In the power of th
working clasi to organise aa a olai
to overthrow thla dirty, rotten eyi
tem, that has kept the worker
down tn poverty and slavery? I
thla what we fought fort No,
say, a thousand tlmea no. Freedon
we fought for, and freedom w<
mean to have. Then and not be
fore will there be peace In thi
world. When the workera are lift
ed from the depths of poverty am
alavery to live as human being
should live, with freedom o
thought and freedom of apeech ant
an equal share of the product! tha
he produces. Ib it not such acts a
that of Sergt, J. Hoar, and the op
presBion of the working clais, thn
puta the revolutionary spirit lnti
ue? Ia It not these dirty rottei
acta that muke the Bolsheviki'
There Is no one man or woman thu
could turn thousands of others int)
Bolshoviks, if there waa no caun
for auch. It Is up to ua, the work
ers of the world, to show the cap!
taliBts that we cannot tolerate hln
any longer, and that we are golni
to put all our power and energ]
Into force, for the emancipation ol
the working olass. The capital!*
system and wage slavery must tn
abolished ,and to do this, the work*
ers must organise as a clasa in thi
One Big Union of workera' wealth
producers, and Insist on produclni
for uae and not for profit, and remember an Injury to Sergt. Hoar li
an Injury to you. Don't let iuch in-
human acta occur. Open the eyei
of the world to the Democraoy met
ed out to the wage slavea by thi
capitalist, and remember thla: "Ai
long aa you kiaa the hand that
strikes you, and the foot that kleki
you, so long will you be a tool ol
the capitalist class."
I am, yours for emancipation,
An injury to one Is an injury tl
Shoe Repairing
By die New Method Shoe Repairing Co.
Operating the most up-to-the-minute Shoe  Repairig
plant on the Coast
The Only 0. B. U. Shop in the City
Bring Your Bepairs Here We Are Expert!
Suits and
Good styles, good colors, good
materials, honest value at a
fair price.
$30 $35 $40
Where ts your union button?


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