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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 21, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Lockout  Called  Off  oti
Tuesday Morning
Men Now Await Award
[       of Arbitration
i* Board
On many occasions only a few
kot-B are necessary* to cause
trouble. ThlB was the case tn the
printing trades ln Vancouver when
the employera posted the following notice ln their offices towards
the close of the year,
"Notice.—This Is to notify
all union employees ln this
■hop that on and after expiration of existing agreements,
December 31, 1920, wages will
be paid according to present
scales and contracts now In
hands of various unions, which
muat be signed before the ex-
. piration of that date.
" (Sgd.)
Industrial Committee,
| Vancouver Typothetae."
This lockout, declared by the
Vancouver Typothetae against tho
afflliated membership of the British
Columbia Printing Trades Council
In Vancouver on January 3, waB
lifted on Tuesday, and all the employees have been reinstated ln all
lhe offices save one, a two-man
■hop, employing one compositor
and one pressman. This result has
been secured through tho unity of
the membership Involved and the
hearty co-operation of all the unions throughout Western Canada
tnd along the Pacific slope.
The flat basic wage for the printing Industry throughout British Co-
■. lumbla Is now being determined by
the International Board of Arbitration at'Indianapolis. A. finding Is
expected on or about February 10,
There is .reasonable assurance
that the above award will be accepted by the employers of Vtuv
couver, Victoria, New Westminster
Vernon, Prince Rupert and other
.points within their Jurisdiction,
along with the acceptance of the
44-hour week from May 1, 1921.
without reduction of pay; but the
B. C. Printing Trades Council is
taking no chances, and preparations, financially and otherwise, are
i being made to secure agreements,
all terminating on December 31,
Toronto   Firm   Gets   Shipbuilding
Contract which Calls for
Reduction In Union
Scale of Wuges
The Meighen government recently granted a contract to the Colling'
wood Shipbuilding Co. of Toronto
which included a IB centa an hour
reduction in the union scale and at
the last meeting of the; Toronto
Diatrict Labor Council endorsatlon
was given to a motion to send
strong protest to Premier Meighen
and the Minister of Marine against
the action of the Government ln
trying to break the existing scale of
wages paid to some of the trades
In this district.
Declared in Favor of a
Strike Policy and
Strike Fund
The British Union of Post Office
Workers has declared in favor of a
strike policy by a majority of 12,-
746 votes. Tlie voting was: in favor, 48,157; agninst, 35,411. Thc
resolution passed at the last annual conference on which the ballot was taken also Included the
creation of a strike fund. The executive council has decided that the
special scale of contributions necessary for the strike fund shall come
Into operation on January 1, 1921,
and a sub-commltte has been appointed to consider the application of a strike policy to the posal
service and .to report lo the next
conference of the Union. This
marks a very important step In the
history oj trades unionism. The
Civil Service has always been re-
, ... „ .,, « , „., - . garded ns a respectable and rather
In tha Putllott work.. The worken Utatant relation of the test of   n-
I WW?? pMJ!ltled t0 "te,'veH dustry, and far too superior to adopt
■ in he debates with suggestions and 8Uch vulgflr ^^ ^ ^..^   ^
criticisms. p08ta] workera hav6t ]l0Wever, dis
covered that rights and justice are
not words which entry much
weight In a capitalist society.
"Come Ou, sklnnuy"
A camp firo concert ls being
I staged for thc young folks of the
Lab<JT movement by the Junior La-
pbor League, to be held in thc F.
j'L. P. hall, at 148 Cordova street
L west, on Saturday evening, com-
[ inenclng at 8 p.m. A flrst-cluss
j novel programme has been arran-
1 fed, and provisions have also been
I mude for a dance after the con-
j cert. The admission for adults ls
h 25c, children 10c.
Detroit, Mich.—Motormen and
conductors employed on the Detroit
United Hallways, by a vote of 1068
to 4, reaffirmed their determination
to refuse acceptance of a 20 per
cent, wage cut proposed by the
company to take cfToct January 1.
Moscow.—The Petrograd Soviet
Executive Is now sitting ln public
'In the factories.  Last week It met
Cheap Labor From China
Is Waking Up the
(By Ellis Yorks, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Tokyo — An amalgamation of
Japanese miners unions that will
cover thc whole of the Islands, will
have a membership of 30,000. The
combine thus expects to be able to
deal more effectively with the employers through the medium of
collective bargaining, a reduction in
wages having been the riile in several industries for the last few
months. Belief work among the
distressed Is also one of the objects.
As evidence of the bad conditions
under which miners work one has
only to submit the latest report of
the 'mining section of the department of Agriculture and Commerce. It Is there recorded that
the number of accidents and deaths
In mines and mining operations in
Japan during 1919 totalled 209,828.
Following the miners example,
the seamen are launching a movement to embrace thc 48 existing
unions and a big effort la being
made to enroll the men who at
present are outside the ranks of
trade unionism. The importation
or cheap labor from China is giv
Ing Impetus to the new movement.
Bouses uf. Shingle Stilts Cut Wuges
and Mlxup Takes Placo Between the Workera
A scrap took place last Saturday
tn New Westminster between white
and Chinese workers, In which several were tuken to the hospital for
treatment. It appears that the
,~ilhlngle mills of that district have
been persistently reducing wages,
with the rea.ilt thnt when the last
eut waB made, practically all the
Chinese and white workers quit. A
tew of the Chinese, however, were
Induced to go io work, and so an
httempt wus made by those who
bad quit to Induce the others to,
but the wordy arguments developed Into blows and there was a fierce
battle raging before any one hardly
knew what was happening.
J. fi, JU Business Meeting
The regular business meeting of
the Junior Labor League will be
held In their club-rooms at 52 Dufferln streot west, on Friday even-! told the newspaper men that he
Smith Deals With Crime
Wave Now Sweeping
A little variety was injected Into
the regular Socialist Party propaganda meeting last Sunday night
by the presence of a lady orator
from the U. S., Com. Ella Reeve
Bloor. Comrade Bloor especially
emphasized the International na:
ture of the class struggle, and reminded, her audience of the fact
that even In matters concerning the
slight betterment o'f working class
conldtions, the dictatorial nature of
the slate always showed Itself quite
plainly to those who had eyes to'
see, and cited many instances in
which the use of armed force
against the workers by the "guard'
lans of the vested interests" had
taught the workers a much-needed
Fatalism, In the speaker's opinion, could only be considered us a
deadening philosophy. Admitting
that favorable conditions must exist before the workers could take
power, it must also be admitted
that the taking of power ls a tremendous task which the workers
themselves must actually perform,
possibly at great "sacrifice.
The,speaker placed considerable
emphasis on the necessity of industrial organization, suggesting
that far better results could be obtained from political strikes than
from parliamentary activity.
Comrade Smith, who was the
speaker of the evening, pointed out
that even the political strike had
its limitations, und that the labor
unions could not be expected to
.emancipate the workers alone and
unaided. He dealt at some length
with the crime wave now sweeping
over the civilized world, and showed that lt resulted simply from the
fact that millions of men were be
ing denied access to the means of
production. The private ownership
of the means of production had
been made possible by the organization of the state, and upon the
power of state it still relied. The
workers are allowed access to the
means of production only when
their products can be sold profitably. Otherwise, "tresspassers will
be prosecuted," and prosecuted
they are. But men will not starve
If they can steal. By far the greatest percantage of crimes are simply invasions of private property
rights, from which it wouhf seem
that tho only reasonable remedy
for crime waves was to be found
in tbe socialization of tlie means of
production. Such a programme,
however, would be just as detrimental to the propertied class as
It would be beneficial to the working class. Hence the class nature
of political strife, and itti Increasing bitterness.
The speaker for next Sunday will
be Comrade Tom O'Connor,
Workers Getting   Back  Into  Old
Form—Tide Turning AgalnBt
Superior, Wis.—The recent municipal elections ln Finland have resulted in a victory for the workers,
according to a special cable received by the Finnish Daily "Tyo-
mies" here.
The workers elected 799 representatives and the middle classes
686. The workerB have a majority
of 98 undrthe conservatives ln 64
municipalities only. In three towns
only workers' representatives were
re-elected, while the middle classes
secured a complete victory in only
one place. In nineteen towns the
election resulted In a draw between
representatives of labor and the
France Now Leads as a
Military Hunting
Detroit, Mich.—"Europe has become a great military camp, the old
fear of a militarized Germany having shifted to France", now viewed
with distrust and fear," Frederick
K. Libby, European Commissioner
for the Society of Friends, declared
In an address here,
"It is not the French people who
are hated but the military feeling
that is left as the heritage of war.
"In American we speak of the
submerged tenth. In Europe we
have a submerged nine-tenths, and
In that heavy fraction we have doctors, lawyers, professors, clergymen and city officials,
- "Berlin, well-to-do looking ' In
the streets, Is a ragggamuffin In
the privacy of Its homes, and but
for the chests of linen that every
German family begins to fill for Us
children fr'om the hour of birth,
Germany would be naked today. A
German gets a ration of a half a
pound of bread a day. In Vienna
one has to pay 9,000 kronen for a
suit of clotheR, and in Germany
2,000 marks. Sacrifice Is the middle name of pretty nearly every
family in Centrnl Europe.
"When I had tea ih Frankfort a
montb ago there wus no sugar.
England Is not eating butter. It Is
too expensive. Nine-tenths of the
people iu Germany have meat once
only a- week, usually Sunday. In
Warsaw I couldn't locate any bread
while a suit of clothes cost four
months' pay. The schools of Poland In severnl places aro closed because the children have no shoes.
"Medical authorities of Vienna
examined 200,000 children and
found only 6,000 of them normal.
Many are becoming infected with
tuberculosis because of their low
resistance to disease."
To Facilitate Simultaneous Action
In Legislative and Industrial
Minneapolis.—Organization of a
"council of action" on the British
model, has been begun by delegates of labor unions In the twin
ItB object is to facilitate simultaneous action In all unions and
labor organizations on Important
legislative and Induatrlal matters.
S. O.'Lambert, of the Carmen's
Union,: was elected president, and
Albert.Hallberg, of the Sheet Metal
Workers' Union, vice-president.
Thomas Van Lear was named secretary. '
Representatives of the railroad
shops crafts tn St. Paul, and of the
railroad brotherhoods, endorsed the
plan, i
Bombay,—The editor and printer
of the "Rangoon Mail" have been
sentenced to 4 and 2 months' imprisonment, respectively, for alleged "intention to create hatred between the white and colored races.'
The ground of the action was simp-
ly the republication of nrticles in
the "Manchester Guardian," "Asian
Review" and "Bombay Chronicle.
Two Thousand Have Left America
In the Last Sixty Days—Lots
More to Follow.
<By The Federated Press.)
Moscow—Russian workers who
under the Czar's reglnfc emigrated
to America are now returning to
Russia by tho hundreds. It is declared that fully two thousand
men have reached the Soviet Re
public from America in the last
sixty days, and according to Information at government offices, ful
ly ten thousand more are either on
their wuy or are preparing to sail
for this country. '
As fast as these workers return
they are given employment in their
trades and are povlng a valuable
acquisition to Russian Industry.
Winnipeg, Man. — David Bogle,
former editor of the Western Labor News, organ of the American
Federation of Labor here, i
nounces the formation of a joint
stock company to publish a Farm
er-Labor paper.
Washington—According to Secretary Baker there is so much unemployment th the United States at
present, nnd such good prospects
that it will continue and perhaps
grow greater, that he need not
spend any more money to persuade
young men to join the army. Baker
Ing, Jan.
commencing at .7:30.  would forthwith abolish the cam-
Tbose expecting to be Initiated on palgn of advertising to win recruits.
Friday, Feb. 4, should be present This campaign has recently entail-
It this meeting. ed a cost of $67 per man recruited.
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
THURSDAY—Dance 9 to 12.
FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY—Danoe 9 to 12. j
»MiB-»'."l"l-t"t"M"l ■"» ■'i|n»".h.f»'.t"l"»"»'t"»"»"--«"l"l"l'» ■•■■ •■■>'*"l"l rt Hiil i»i_M.J
Seattle. Wash.—Bank statements
show that during the last year the
Trades Union Savings and Loan As.
soclatlon Increased Its deposits by
$451,728; over 100 per cent. While
thc large banks' deposits decreased
heavily only five of tho smaller concerns show an increase, the totnl
shrinkage for 1920 being $23,83!),-
St. rau 1—The St. Paul Labor
College hns been opened here, the
first lecture being delivered by Professor A. W. Rankin on the history
of the labor movement and current
events. Preparations are well advanced for starting the Workers
College of Minnenpolis, which Is
being organised by a committee of
ti'ude union leaders in association
with local educators.
Bismarck, N. D. — Recommending a state-owned coal mine to sup-
Ply thc 75,000 tons used annually
by the state, Governor Lynn J.
Fravlcr last Tuesday opened tbe
seventeenth legislative assembly,
which began Us sessions with thc
nonpartisan league forces control
ling the senate.
However,   Still
Unaware of Heal Cause
.. of Distress
The- 'unemployed situation In
Canada, continues to get worse and
all thd schemes to reduce the
number has practically %et with
failure. The moat noticeable feature, of the situation throughout the
entire pomlnlon Ib the g;reat number of returned men, moBt of whom
bear gears of the light for the ln-
numeiabie Ideals that an imperialistic press flaunted in their faces
during 1914-17. The east still suffers worse than the west but the
middle west finds the situation desperate and many frantic appeals
are being sent out from various
communities. One feature that
tends, to lessen the suffering somewhat Is the mild winter prevalent
all over the Dominion. Of course,
the- only cure for unemployment
Is being overlooked at almost every
plae<$. :8trenuous efforts at relief,
where there is but very little chance
of relief, only tend to leave a feeling 'of' hopelessness, not only to
the unemployed but also to those
working to relieve the situation
without knowledge of the real
cause. Tho capitalist system has
not only broken down, but Is In a
complete stote of chaos, but the
masse.*, cling desperately to the old
and worn-out-system of wage slavery and the business element struggle-to perpetuate the proflt system,
which] drags them down to the
level u/' the workers every once In
a while. Unemployment and bankruptcy^ hand In hand. The present situation may Improve to normal, but whereas these periods
dropped upon us about every seven
years prior to the war, there appears ;to be every prospect for a
yearly; occurrence from now on.
lied Europe"
One of the most interesting
bookB;publishod concerning the ne-
tivitlei of the Kuropeaji Imperial
ists aiid the rebel proletariat of
Kurope, ls eontalned In "Red Europe,"'now on sale at ihe oflico of
The B. C. Federatlonist. Price
postpaid,  BOc.
Tom Richardson Addressed Big Audience Last
Sunday Night
Sunday night saw the Columbia
theatre packed with workers to
hear Tom Richardson and Egan
address the audience on the subject of "Self-determination for Ireland." Mr. Richardson dwelt at
length on the principle whloh the
F. L. P. stood for, and pointed out
to the audience that-for 700 years
Ireland had considered herself to
be under the rule of a foreign power. He further Illustrated the fact
that Carson & Co., which Included
Bonar Law, now an active member
of the Law & order class, had raised on army, equipped it with rifles,
etc., procured from Qermany, and
lu. fact further had-^igen in touch
with this same foreign power with
a view to Invading, If necessary,
the coast of Ireland.
Mr. Richardson at times got his
audience ln flne tone, especially in
his reference to 1017 and 1918,
when crime ln Ireland was at Its
lowest, and not a single soldier, or
policeman was killed, although
during that period some 2QQ0 persons were arrested and placed in
goal without any charge whatever.
He further stated the fact that the
Sinn Feiners had captured the government, also tho local government
thus proving it to be the will of the
people for a Republican form of
Mr. Egan followed with a few
words, and told of some of the
crimes committed by the Black and
Tans, also the R. I. C. He also
told his audience how Ireland had
•sent large numbers to France to
Following this speaker, Ella
Reeve Bloor, from the United
States, addressed the meeting for a
few moments, Illustrating the wonderful spirit of some of the workers, who the ruling class have imprisoned for trivial offences. Her
references to Russia were loudly
applauded; In fnct. the audience at
all times of the meeting was ve'ijy
enthusiastic. The ohalrman asked
all in fnvor of self determination to
rise, and the audience rose to their
feet, proving the solidarity of -the
workers on this point at Issue. At
the close of the meeting, the "Red
Flag" was sung, and three cheers
for Ireland being given heartily.
Next Sunday, at 8 p.m., Mrs.
Rose Hendersori at Columbia theatre. R. p. Pettipiece will be chairman.
Police Selie Two and HaU Tons
of Bed Literature lYnra Soviet Russia
Copenhagen.—The authorities in
Norway have decided to bring action against the president of the
labor, party and the Social Demokraten for having admitted that
tho Labor party sent Bolsheviki lit-;
erature from Norway to foreign
countries,, aays a dispatch to the
National TMene from Chrlstlanla. .
Tho newspaper adds that the po- j
lice at Vardo, on the Arctic Ocean,
off tho extreme north coast of Norway, recently seized two and a half
Ions ot Bolshotkl literature smuggled Into.Norway from Russia.
Powerful Organization Is
Getting Control of
New York—Merging 0f tho
groups which have been working
ln the colleges of the country to
rouse the Interest of student In social problems Is under wny here.
The Intercollegiate Socialist Society, tlie Young Democracy and the
Intercollegiate conference for Democracy are thc factors In the proposed merger.
j Veterans and Lulxir
J. L. inter at the Forum, P. L.
P. hall, lis Cordova street, Sun
day, qt 3. Subject: "The Relation
ship Between tho Veterans and
Labor Organizations."
Patronize Fed Advertisers.
Sydney, N. S. W.—The executive
of thje Au.trallun Lnhor Party
meeting ut Melbourne recently resolved to write to the president of
the Almoricun Federation of Labor
nrplng that all possible steps be
tnkeitf'tu obtain the release of Eugene; V. Debs.
Secretary of 0. B. U. Is
Killed by Rock
Jim Bateman, secretary of the
miner's unit of the O. B. U. at
South Wellington, vas* killed on
January 18, whilst working in thc
mine, by a fall of rock. Only last
summer, a son of Jim's was. killed
the same place, Thus do the
men who produce the world's
wealth meet theh' end, and while
working for u bare existence. Jim
wus widely known tn mining circles throughout tho Province, and
will be missed by many, for his
friends were numerous. While fol
lowing his occupation, Comrade
Bateman always took an interest in
the doings of the workers throughout the worid. He at all times
toon an active part in the labor
movement ln this Province, and
attended some of the B. C. Federation of Labor conventions as representative of the Island miners.
Toronto—Toronto local of the
International Ladles' Garment
Workers Union hns purchased a
four-storoy building for $56,000,
and will expend $50,000 In flitting
It for the organization's various
Yarrows Reduce Wages
to Workers Who Re-
•H.nt By Striking
Two hundred and fifty shipyard
workers are out on strike In Victoria as the result of attempted
wage cut of fifty cents a day by
the repair firm of Yarrows, Ltd.,
of Esquimau. The cut went Into
effect Wednesday of last week and
all the Electrical Workera quit
Immediately. Boilermakers, patternmakers, and blacksmiths followed In a body. This is not only
true of the organized but also of
the unorganised workers. Carpentaria and machinists, however, had
not seen flt to oppose the cut so
It is left to the otber crafts to battle It out with tbe firm. The strikers are of the general opinion that
If thia cut is not opposed tha,; further cuts will be made from time
to time until a pre-war scale ls arrived at. Tbls appears to be the
practice of employers wherever
the workers have given In without
a fl(rht. Shipyard workers are ad-
vis*! to stay away from Victoria.
London Transport Work*
efs Form Organization
of Half Million
London.—Unanimous support of
a project tn amalgamate all the different, unions of transport workers
excepting the railwaymen, into one
huge organization, was voted ln a
resolution adopted at a meeting In
which all sections of the transport
wnrkfers in London wero represented. Btfveral thousand were present
Under the plan, the resources of
the Unions would bo pooled and a
central office staff created. Harry
Gosling, a leader of tlie workera
presiding, said it vas ridiculous
that the men should be divided Into
small unions when the employers
were banded into a Blngle great or-
ganlMatlon. K. Bevan, of the dock
workfers union, said the estimated
membership of the new organization would bo half a million.
The scheme unites tlie dock
workers, stevedores and others, but
does not Include thc rallwaymen,
Strongest Civilization in
the World Says Lincoln Steffins
Detroit, Mich.—"Bolshevik civilization la the strongest civilization
In the world," Lincoln Steffens,
well known writer and newspaper
correspondent, recently returned
from Europe, told an audience,
composed for the most part of the
monied class, which packed Orchestra hall.
"Europe Is bankrupt, not only financially but socially, morally and
politically," he said.
Prufcfcig Lenln as one who saw
Into the future, he described how
the Russian premier, as well as all
other administrators and visitors
on diplomatic missions, get black
bread while they see little children
with soup, eggs and the best that
the blockade permits.
"The Soviet leaders say there Is
absolutely nothing in the revolution for the present generation^'
he explained. "They are doing it
aU for the children and are centering every effort on educating them
giving them the beBt ln food, shelter and amusement.
"Invention in RuEsla nas reached
the highest point In the world's hiBtory while it had more music last
year than any other country."
Copper Companj'  AclvertlsIiir  for
Men, But O. B. U. Su.vfc
There Arc No Jobs
Biule, Mont.—In a . Ignec] statement issuod by thc Metal Mine
Workers unit of the One Big Union
charges ai-e made that despite conditions of unemployment here, the
Anaconda Copper Company Is advertising in newspapers in Eastern,
Middle Western and Coast Industrial districts for miners with the
apparent object, of Hooding Butte
with unemployed so that further
cuts in wages can be made.
The statement asserts that In its
advertisement the company rails
fur 1000 miners for Butte to work
for .5.76 per shift. The Metal Mine
Woi-Icgi'8 claim thnt there are not
over 2500 mon employed in all of
the mines snd surface works hy all
of the operating companies, and
that thero are approximately 3000
idle men ln thc Industry here
the present time.
A conference of managers of factories and workshops In tho Moscow region declared thnt the productiveness ot labor Is raised to
the pre-war standard.
Patronize Pod, advertisers.
TAD trouble between the employing printers and their
employees having been eliminated, we have been able
to get out a curtailed edition thii week, and the full,
regular edition will be resumed next week. We request
the forebearance of our readers under the circumstances,
and promise that the old standard* or even a better servioe will be the aim of the Federationist during the year,
♦■«,.t,ii_4,.t,^, | ,|„( a~t HM»IIM«I il «.■■..»■«■»■•■■ _i..«.._p.«~>-«.i«<.|i.«ii|.» it t..tll|Mt,.t
Appeal  Is   Being   Made
Against Decision  of
Local Authorities
Comrade D. fi. Browett, a member of the Socialist Party of Canada, has been ordered deponed
by the immigration authorities.
Browett is an Englishman by birth,
but \Vus charged with illegal entry
into Canada. He was tried by the
Immigration authorities en-camera
in Vancouver. Mr. I. I. Rubtnow-
ItJi, acting for the defense commit
tee, has appealed against the decision of thc local authorities, dl
rect tu the department of Immigration at Ottawa. 13, McLeod, secretary of the Socialist Parly, along
with tile secretary of thc defense
committoe, gave evidence as to the
respectability, etc., of the accused,
and tho defense committeo supplied the money for ball so that
Comrade Browett could be at liberty pending the outcome of the
Clothing Workers' Union
Keep Members on the
Firing Line
(By Helen Augur.)
(Federated Pross Stuff Correspondent.)
New York.—Schools and stores
are being opened for the
locked-out members' of the
Amalgamated Clotuing Worker's.
With prospects for isolating
the ntanufactuiters' attack upon the
union in the New York and Dossi-
hly Boston markets dully strengthening, union officials are perfecting plans for preventing misery or
waste of lime among the Iccked-oUt
Registration for the Laber Col-
lego established for the period of
the lock-out. will continue all week.
The college will be under thc direction of David Snposs, educational
director for the Amalgamated in
Ureatcr New York, and Solon Do-
Leon, editor of the union organ, j
"Advance." Courses will be offer-1
ed In History of Civilisation. Pub
lie Speaking, Working Class Movements nnd Economics, The aim of
thc instruction, according to Saposs,
will be to enable the Amalgamated
members "to understand better the
great economic and social problems,
bo that they may participate more
intelligently in the affairs of their
union and in society,
With the Amalgamated paper
currency which has heen printed
for the present situation, members
Will be able to buy supplies at
greatly reduced prices, Tho currency will be Issued free to membera needing reliof, and can be
bought by members at work.
Medical aid will be given union
members by physicians stationed
In various parts of tlie city, who
will be on call to visit families in
caso of sickness, oi' to receive patients In tbelr offices.
Albany, N. Y.—Attempts to expel tho th^ce Socialists assemblymen and the Socialist senator from
the legislature, for the same reason for which they were ousted
twice during the past year failed,
for the time being at least. Four
resolutions calling for tbe expulsion of the Socialist mombers wei'e
referred by Republican leaders to
the Judiciary committee.
Buy at a union Btore.
Twenty-five Hundred City
Halls Now Fly the
Red Flag
The Socialist party has swept
over Italy winning victory after
In 1919, at the general elections,
169 Socialists were elected to parliament, the largest single party In
the nation.
Since then, . th* great metal
workers' uprising took place, and
the non-Socialist forces began there
what they have been doing In every
country, that la, a vicious attack,
lying, misrepresentation, mob law.
and combination and frauds at the
polls. The municipal elections came
and the struggle became bitter. In
every city, town and village, all
non-Socialist parties combined; it
was "anything to beat the Socialists."
But the Socialists have a powerful organization, they have a wonderful press—their paper "Avanti"
has a circulation of two million a
day!—and they have skillful, enthusiastic and tireless propagandists.
The rest Is history. After a campaign unparalleled In Italian history, one-third of the municipalities of Italy were swept by the Socialist party! Twenty-flve hundred
city halls now fly the red flag of
International brotherhood!
Milan Is the largest, richest and
greatest city in Italy. The Socialists have < governed the city for
years. This yeur millions of lire
were spent to beat the Socialists;
monarchists and Republicans; reactionaries and Liberals; Catholic
and Freemasons (who have a bitter feud ln Italy) united; and the
Socialist? swept the city again.
In Rome, the most reactionary
spot In Italy, the Socialists Increased their vote by over 0,000 and
eleoted sixteen councllmen. in the
province that includes Rome, the
vote was 29,1*77 for the Socialists
and 39,643 for all others together.
In the province of Rome, likewise, the Socialists carried seventy
towns; among them ls Roccocorfca,
whose new mayor is B. Rossi, up
to a year ugo, resident bf Rochester
N. Y., and a member of the Socialist party there.
In many of the larger towns In
Northern Italy, the Socialists were'
so strong that no nomjtf&tions were
mude against them.
The Socialist purty besides Milan,
the largest city In the kingdom,
retains Bologna, famous for Its university, Novum, Alessandria, Reg-
gio Emilia, and captured Belluno,
Pavlu, Perugia Grosseto, LIverno,
Fcrrara, Siena, Massa Carrara ttu
militarist Modenu, Mantua, Plaeen-
zn, Como, Forll Cremona and Rovl-
go all flrst class cities and capitals
of provincial governments, and
many more of secondary Importance. In some of the latter provinces the Socialist victory wai
amazingly sweeping. Socialists ,
elected the majority of the provincial councllmen In the province
of Milan they conquered 1!08 of the
310 towns. In the province of Bologna out of fil towns 52 went Socialist and to the provincial council, out of 50, Socialists elected 47
Lochner Will Take Charge of Middle European Bureau fur
Federated Press
New York—Louis P. Lochner,
news editor of The Federated Press,
s-'iled recently for Europe on tbe
steamship Ryndan of the Holland-
American line, He will land at
Rotterdam, and proceed direct to
Berlin, where he will take charg?
of the Middle Europen bureau ol
Tlie Federated Press and the organization work of the association
iu Central Europe.
It Is planned to centralize _f-ier-
Itii thc work of news gathering for
Europe In conjunction with tlio
Bervlcfi of the London bureau,
wliich Ie under the direction of W.
N. Ewer.
Mr. Lochner has bad wide experience In Europo, He is personally
acquainted with many of the leading flgureB In tlio working class
movements, and Is one of the best-
known of organization experts.
How about getting another subscriber for thc Federationist? We
can stand 5,000 more reader.1. In
London—Tho employment nf
Women, Young Women and Children Act went into force on January
1, and it Is Illegal to employ any
child under 14 in any industrial
undertaking, unless the child was
already ao employed at that date.
Corner Pender and Howe Streets
AT 8 P.M.
Speaker—Geo. H. Hardy
Subjeet—"Bolshevism and Sovietimn"
Questions and Discussion THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
, »-, §	
Published every Fridajr morning by The R C
Federation!,!, Limited
I. a  WELLS-.
Office:   Boom  1, Victoria  Block,  342  Pender
Street West
Telephone Seymour 6871
Bubscribtion Bates: United States and Foreign,
$3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, $1.60
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body, 16c per member per month.
Unity et Labor:  The Hope of the World
 January 81, 1921
THOSE individuals who compose the
middle class, or that section of society that engages in business or offlce
work, who receive a salary, or wages in
the shape of profits obtained by selling
some commodity or
THEY, other,    or   perhaps   a
TOO, HAVE number of things that
"NOTHING" are usually found for
sale in stores, are at
this time wondering just what has struck
them. In faet, they are not sure just
where they are, whether they are going
•forward or backward. Most people would
say that they are going back, but whether they realize it or not, they are going forward. They are being driven into
the ranks of the proletariat. Just recently it has been our privilege to see
a cartoon which originally appeared in
the Jugcnd, published in Munich, and
whieh was later reproduced in the Manchester Guardian. The cartoon pictured
two hoboes, and in the discussion that
they were engaged in, they came to the
following conclusion: "We belong to the
middle class now, my lad. They have
nothing either." In other words there is
no middle class except in the concept
that some individuals have. The members of the white collar brigade are only
separated from the industrial workers
by the amount of illusions that they have
above the collars they wear. They are
subjeet to the same inconveniences by
periods of unemployment and business
depression as are the industrial workers.
Thinking that they have something to
lose, however, their mental state is worse
than that of the jobless slave who realizes tbat he has nothing to lose, and
that thc job that he has had a loan of
for a time has gone back to its owner.
The worry of trying to hang on to something that they do not really hold must
surely bc a terrible job for these people
in these stirring times when even kings
and the real rulers of the earth are
trembling in their shoes for fear that
they will lose their control of the situation. They have our sympathy, and all we
can wish them is that the going forward
push will continue to push them into
the proletarian ranks, and the quicker
they get there, the sooner they will realize that their difficulties are thc outcome of the system that drives them to
the bankruptcy court or to the ever-increasing army of unemployed and propertyiess slaves on whom the.future of
humanity rests.
FROM time to time Socialists have
been described as destructionists, and
derided because they have no constructive programme under the present system. This is entirely true, they have no
constructive pro-
OONSTKUCTION posal to offer iu the
IS bolstering    up    of
IMPOSSIBLE capitalism, because
they realize that
putting props under a tottering system
solves nothing, and only delays thc
emancipation of thc human race from
slavery. All Socialists who have any concept of present day society are quite
willing to allow the capitalist apologists
to formulate "constructive policies" for
the prevention of the demise of the wage
system. That they have done this can
bc seen in every capitalistic newspaper
published; hardly a day passing but
what some apologist of the present chaotic state of affairs attempts to formulate
such a policy and, strange to say, oven
representatives of the working olass join
in the race to stave off the evil day
'when the system shall fall. Governor
Harding, of the U. S. A. federal reserve
board, recommends work as the cure for
present difficulties and in a recent speech
made the following comment:
Speaking on "working back to
normal," he assorted that whatever
danger of crisis there may have bcen
is passed and that a bright future
is ahead to be attained through hard
and intelligent work.
Production must continue if thc
country is to prosper, thc governor
said, but surplus production must be
disposed of by sale to foreign countries. Continuance of trade with
Europe is vital, Governor Hording
declared, and the maintenance of
"trade relationships of other countries with Europe" is scarcely less
The London Daily Herald, a splendid
working-class paper in many respects,
commenting editorially on the unemployed situation in the Old Land, after pointing out thc danger of revolution duo to
thc present situation, and that hungry
men will help themselves, states that the
'employed workers must assist those who
arc unemployed, and concludes by the
following passage:
They must induce, or compel, the
employers to find their' comrades '
work—and through the employers
induce, or compel, the government
to find a market for the products of
their labor.
Labor is in deadly peril.
If producing commodities will euro thi
present unemployed situation, bow is i!
that tlio commodities that have already
been produced cannot be disposed of
How on earth is it possible to Mil l!x
thirteenth YEAR,   no. 8   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, b.
surplus commodities to another country
that is also producing more than it can
consume! These questions must be answered beforc the advice of Governor
Harding can be accepted as being of any
value. The suggestion of the Daily Herald that the employed, either induce or
compel the government to find a market
for the products of their labor, is just
about as valuable as the suggestion of
Harding. "Intelligent work," says Harding, "will bring us back to normal." As
a matter of fact it is "work" that has
made the workers workless. Thc slaves
have worked too much, and produced too
mueh, hence tbey must take a rest. To
think it is possible for the government
of any country to find a market for the
surplus products is nonsense. The government of any country represents the
employing class, and it is the function
nf all ruling bodies to take care of the
interests of the elass they represent, and
if it were possible for the government
of the Old Land, or thc U. S. A., or
Canada, or any other country, to find a
market for thc surplus products of the
slaves, there would be no necessity for
thc employed workers to take a hand in
thc game. The market would be found
sure enough withoqj thcir aid. But markets do not any longer crop up over
night. They have all been exploited, and
by that exploitation made into surplus
producing agencies, and consequently
have only intensified the unemployed
situation. If the above suggestions made
at two ends of the social scale arc an
example of the "constructive policies"
of those wno are of the opinion that unemployment can be removed under the
present system of wage slavery, then we
prefer to be with those who are classified as destructionists, because it will
only be when capitalism is wiped out
that human needs will be eared for. Profits are now the only incentive to production, and until that incentive and the
system that is responsible for it is abolished, the workers will starve in the
midst of plenty.
While one of the "labor" candidates
in the recent civic elections opened his
campaign in the Hotel Vancouver, it remained for the one who was eleoted to
make a statement after thc election was
over in the same edifice. It does not matter much where a statement is made, but
what is said by men who are supposed
to represent labor is mighty important in
these  days.    Alderman  Scribbcns,   the
individual wc ilave in mind, mado a
statement at the big civic luncheon in
the hotel referred to. He is reported M
having mado the following statement:
While stating that in a country
like Canada there should be no unemployment, and he was glad to see
tho 1920 council take the matter up,
be believed that it was unnecessary
to adopt thc Russian methods to satisfy labor's wants.
We may be mistaken in our understanding as to just what the alderman
meant, but Mayor Gale evidently took it
as a slam at Soviet Russia, and we have
seen no denial to the construction from
the "labor" alderman, consequently we
can fairly assume that that was what
was intended. We realize that in perhaps no other country will tho methods
of the Russian working class bc adopted
by the workers in seeking their freedom,
conditions not being similar. Hut we realize that the Russian workers tool; the
only methods that the conditions which
prevailed in that country wouM allow
them to take, and we would suggest that
Alderman Scribbens cease to credit himself with being a labor man until he at
least gives the workers of other countries credit for being as sane as he is.
The gratuitous insult to the workers of
Russia may have placed the alderman in
a good light in the mayor's eyes, but
will certainly not enhance his reputation
in working-olass circles.
To those people in this country who
arc interested in education we wohI^
call the attention of the following words
of H. N. Brailsford on what has been
done in Soviet Russia:
"I   saw   near  Petrograd   a   big
boarding-school   formerly   reserved
for the children of thc nobility. Today about three in four of its inmates arc the children of manual
workers. They were, in their bearing
and manners, as refined as the children whose parents belonged to the
'intelligentsia,'  as eager to study,
and keen to enjoy the pleasures of
art and knowledge to which an admirable staff of teachers introduced
them.   They  were  learning handicrafts as well as sciences and languages, and whether they exercise a
trade  or   a  profession  when  they
leavcvschool, they will bo cultivated
men and women, capable of disciplined thought, and aesthetic pleasure.
We know that the above will not appeal to the "better class," but it may
strike a responsive chord in some wage
slave whose children's education is left
to  the haphazard methods of our so-
eallcd educationalists.
Readers of thc morning papors were
told on Thursday morfting that Germany
would have to pay the debts in trade. In
other words, by goods and raw materials.
It appears that it was thc French that
made these proposals, and very evidently
the French "statesmen" have not learii-
«1 anything from history or they would
realize that it would pay them better to
wipe thc slate clean and begin all over
again than accept German goods- as payment of a war indemnity. As the German
ruling class must do all lhe paying, that
section of the German people will bc compelled to attempt at least to keep their
factories going. Whether this will bo
possible or not remains to be seen. But
'f it is, and the German manufacturers
ire able to keop their plants running to
,ii-oduao thc goods to pay the indemnity
vith, and France receives thc goods.
■-.hat will be the fato of the French
workers?   Thoy will be unemployed be
cause the market will be fllled.with goods
made in Germany. No winder some
people are not yet convinced as to who
won the war. i
There is an old saying to tin;' effect
"That misfortune makes strange, bedfellows. If this is correct there must have
been an extra large amount of misfortune
in Vancouver. Our attention has been
called to a circular issued by the'agent of
Made-in-B. C. Campaign that has been
started by the manufacturers' bureau of
the Board of Trade. This document states
that among others who will be at thc cam
paign dinner to be held in the Hotel Van
couver will bc the executive of the Inter
national Trades and Labor Council. The
executive of the Retail Merchants' Association. Mayors and reeves of cities and
municipalities, and the council of the Vancouver Board of Trade. In view of thc
attitude assumed by the manufacturers
towards their employees, the bond pf sympathy bctw'een thom and the heads of the
international trades unions in this eity
will no doubt be "obvious." With wages
being cut, and men on strike or locked
out by the manufacturers of one kind or
another, the mutual interests will be very
"evident" to all close observers. Stranger
things may have happened in the past,
but it is certainly a puzzle to us to discover where the mutual interests lie. Howover, it would appear to be the fashion
these days for international trade union
representatives to foregather at the Hotel
Vancouver with those who they are daily
fighting with over wages, hours and conditions. But, perhaps, the fighting is only
on the surface. As far as the Madc-in-
B. C. Campaign is concerned, no doubt the
unemployed would bc pleased to have a
supply of the necessities of life that are
made in thc province, bnt whicli are at
this time inacccssablc owing to the fact
that they have no WORK.
Lower California
Concessions Cancelled
(By Arthur Thomson)
The Mexican Hovernment has cahcelled concessions to abput ten million acrea of land held
by various syndicates and compnnies in
Lower California. These concessions were
granted by Porflrlo Diaz on conditions that
bound the concessionaires to cultivate the
land, colonize, establish schools and to advance
In general the development of the tracts.
These conditions have not been fulglled, Shence
the order cancelling the concessions.     JJ
Among tho companies affected by thc order
are Luis Huller & Co., a British syndicate,
holding about three million acres,"and Hlpres,
Hale & Co., an American company, holding
about the same acreage, also Alfolfo "Bulle,
holding about 1,200,000 acres.
Instead of improving and cult rating, the
land as the concessions called foi ithosei'concerns have Ignored the terms and herely held
the land for use as they might a.HirSj,' or
waited for a time when it would appreciate
In value, hoping to sell at a large pro^t.
By so holding the land these concerns have
kept a vast fertile land undeveloped and uncultivated and have kept others from cultivating it.
Granting huge concessions to foreigners was
one way Porflrlo Dlua had of keeping the
stranglehold over the Mexican masses. By so
doing he got the support of the United States
and other governments in time of trouble. If
the peons threatened to revolt the dictator
threatened them with Intervention and all
was well. When, however, most of their land
had been taken away from them, the peons
and farmers-finally did revolt under tho banner of "Lond and Liberty."
White these big Diaz concessions have been
cancelled a group of negroes have acquired
control of 34 square miles of Lower California
territory, which is snid to be the largest extent of territory under negro control on the
American continent. They plan to establish
an industrial and agricultural college, a hospital and sanitarium, also a packing* house
and a flour mill, beBldes, of course, cultivating
the land. One of the leaders In announcing
the colony scheme says that "thero is a marvellous bond ot sympathy between the Mexican
people and' the colored people, which ls explained in a measure by the fact that both
peoples have suffered from chattel slavery,
economic exploitation and racial antipathy."
Lower California is lOOf miles long and is
capable of supporting Ave million people,
whereas at present thero nre only about 85,000
people there.
Ottawa,' Ont.—Canada's women are Joining
the nationalist movement now developing in
every part of the Dominion. The Daughters
of Canuda, organized locally ln Toronto a short
time ago, are preparing to establish locals ln
evory province. The organisation, which has
its head office In Toronto, will carry on a
campaign to offset tho imperialistic propaganda being assiduously spread by tho Daughters of the Empire and other associations
which favor militarism.
Port Arthur, Ont.—Nine thousand, men employed in the vnrious shops of tho western division of the Canadian National Hallways have
accepted a forty-hour, no-Saturday plan, which
the officials proposed as an alternative for a
Oermany claims that it is Impossible for
her to carry out the full terms of the disarmament programme. The Einwohnerwohr of
East Prussia und Bavaria have not ft>eon disarmed und Borlin dare not try to dfiirm lho
Bavarian Orgosch, which Is said to' 'number
half a million men, with its own outnumbered
nnd reactionary troops. The function ofjjhe
Orgesch seems to be throcfold: pt-. gubrd
against revolution in Bavaria; to fifcht Communism In the rest of Germany, and, It! Is
hinted, to set up, at the right moiftont, the
Wittetobach dynasty. Why has this: reactionary volunteer force been allowed to exist \ by
the Allies? The French accuse a British general, Malcolm, of winking nt its existence;
the British middle cluss would bo without protection; and tho French themselves arc accused of having encouraged the Davarjan
militia as a meana to the separation of Bavaria from  Germany.—Tho New ltepubllc.
Hamilton, Ont.—Military and police forces
uro being held in readiness for a threatened
attack on the armories by unemployed men,
Ex-members of tho British army, who, it is
aald, entered Canada from England illegally,
nre leading tho out-of-work army. Military,
police and civic officials declare they have received word, that the "Red" element of the
jobless army will attempt to take forcible pos-
session of the big drill hall to hold mass
Several speakers, at an unemployed demonstration, urged their comrades to enter stores
uid help themselves to whatever they wanted.
A hurry-tip call for nei-rct service ngents waa
•icnt to Ottawa and, following their Investigation, 12 radicals, lahor unionists and returned
loldiers, were ordered to leave Hamilton under
throat of Imprisonment.
British Workers WiU Not
Allow Subject to
Be Shelved
(Ey Evelyn Shui'p.)
(Federated    Pross   Staff   Correspondent.)
London.—Matters are slowly approaching a crisis In the question
of railroad control.
The latest move has been made
by the owners In the reply of tho
Hallway Companies' Association to
the "Whito Paper" of the Ministry
of Transport on the subject of u
national railway system. This document makes lt ckar that thc
shareholders mean to obstruct all
reorganisation of lite system, and
especially any measure of workers'
Meanwhile J. H. Thomas, head
of the railway workers, reiterates
that tho railway mon will not relinquish their demand for a shore
In control, backed as It has been
by the Government.
In nn Interview, referring to the
companies' report, Thomaa remarked that it Is now for the Oovernment to say whether Its proposal to
give the men some kind of control
over^he organization of railways Is
to be flouted by the managers or
not. He added that there was no
doubt the men "would hold tho
Gpvertiment to their scheme,"
Sydney, N. S. W.—Not only has
the labor governmont of New South
Wales made the state-owned trawling Industry a paying concern, by
turning a big annual loss into m
large annual profit, but It has already reduced the selling price of
flsh by at least 60 per cont.- to tho
publlo. Today, flsh sell at from 4
cents per pound upwards at the
state-owned flsh shops, and as tho
profits are large even at the present prices, the government anticipates that In the near future It
will be able to sell flsh at two
cents per pound.
Issuod by Fresno Genernl Workers
Unit Twico a Month—M.
lliimpuH  Kdilor
The Workers Bulletin Is the
name of a new publication being
Issued twice monthly by the educational committee of the Fresno
California, General Workers Unit
of the O. — U. The flrst Issue comprises 12 pages, contains general
O. B. U. propaganda and worldwide news. M. Bumpus is editor,
and .copies can be obtained for 6c
from Box 621, Selma, Cal.
FIUDA^-x January Jl,
Seattle, Wash.—Any attempt of
employers to reduce wages and
break ^own conditions under which
members of the International Union
of Boilermakers and Iron Shipbuilders are now working, will be resisted with the full force of the
International, according to word
received by officers of the Seattle
Patronize   Fed   Advertiser's.
'     Neit Week
Ted Shawn Presenti
A Luxurious Dance Drama
Other Bl| Features
We Teach Hcginnera
Special Bates
Classes  Tuesday,   Thursday,
Private lessons by appointment.
Oor How* aad Pender       Say 201
HE    ONLY-     ..tiOI<    MADE
Best Quality—Right Prioes
22S Cnrrull Street.
Sey. 1850	
Labor and Socialist
can be obtained at
Corner Hustings mid Columbia
Mall Orders   Promptly
Attended to
Your Promise
to Pay Is Good
Enough for Us.
7th Annual
Clearance Sale
-down and 12 por week
takes any men's or la-
suit  priced up to 140.
d»C down nnd 12 per week
*&*** takes any ladies' coat
or men's overcoat up to tho
value of $10.
down  and  12.60  per  weok  buys  ANY LADIES'
HEN'S SUIT up to tho value of .00.
"Wc Lend—Othors Follow"
542 tlajti^j 3t.TI.e5t- .1
. .„.„**. ., phone acyaess.
co*. homer ax
Buying Diamonds
Only trained Diamond appraisers-
and they ate comparatively few-
cau gauge a Diamond's value.
Therefore, it i| of paramount in
portance that your purchase shoul
be made at a Diamond House whit
not only has its expert Diamond a\
praisers but whose "word is as, goo
as its bond."
Such is "Allan's"—thc House (
The House of Diamonds"
Skilled attention, high-grade]
material, perfection in fitting, are features of our dental plate department.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
I Dental Art Establishment
OUO Corner Robson
Oyer Owl Drug Store.   Soy. 003 _
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service Fino Cars
331 Abbott St,     Vancouver
Mono Sey. 8S7J-S878
Will Speak under P. L. P., nn
"Tho Impending Industrial anil Politicul Revolution"
 SIXDAV,  JAXIMIIY   23R1).   8   P.M.
1921 Prices
Have a Different
Everything in Our Stones Is Down to
Rock Bottom '
So you don't have to wait to make your purchases now.
Overalls, Shirts, Sox, Mackinaws, Oiiclothing,
Shoes and Rubbers
AU oan be bought for less.
18 and 20 CORDOVA ST. WBST and 444 MAIN ST.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Eveningj :rr. 8:20
Ring up Phone Seymour 2.151
for appointment
Dr. W.}. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc, at cost. Our stoel
ls Big ,and so are our Bar
gains. Watch our Auetlo:
Snaps, Furniture Bought am
' Sold,
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour lilt
In that dark hour when sympi
thy and best service count ■
mueh—call up
Phone Ifelrmont SS
Prompt Ambulance gerrlra
Office Hours:   10 lo 12 s.m., S te I
p.m.   Kveninii: 7 to 8 p.ra. flloa-
J"y, Wedneiday nml Friday.
>tau Sty. S.76.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor ud Drulais PkyUeUl
(SucooHor to Dr. John Ony)
30-31-32 P. Bins Bldf., II Butllfl
St., W., Vsnoouvsr, B. 0.
{Botwoen Psntsgoi Theatre ssd B. L
E. K. Btallta,
Phono Sey. 231      Day or Nig hi
531 Humor St. Vnncouver, B. C.
1110  a.oreli  DtrsH
Snnday aorvloea, 11 a.m. and 7.10 p.B
Sunday    school    Itnmodiatoly    followli
inornliir ....lc.    Wednesday teitimonii
KJf'i"!'  -*.   pm-   r'**   t«-ilat   TOM
IQMoa  Birks Bids.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dimity ftt F*Ir
Falrvlew:  Office and Chapel,
2398 Qranvllle Street.
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver:  Office and
Chnpel, US Sixth fit. W.
Phone N. V. 134.
Mount Pleasant:   Office and
Chapel, 2123 Main Bt
Phone Fairmont (I.
it Hustings St. E.
Patronl«f Thoss Who ratronlM Tee I
THE telephone la a direct means
nf conini.ii.ice.tfnn. Why reply to
ii ■■nil In ouch a manner ao to impair Itl uaefnlneiuf In giving tho
name »( your firm when answering
docs nut Imply bniMjiicneii, Tt U
businesslike, true, hut there Is also
a courtesy behind it tbat Is appreciated by the person, culling.
Hi-itlsli Columbia Telephone
Ballard's Furniture Store
Phono Say. 2137
Wo nlwnys carry In stook ■ good
■election of dining-room, parlor, kit*
ehcti snd bedroom furniture, alio
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, rugs, etc. Wo can save yoa
money as we aro out of tlio high rent
Don't Be a Drudge!
Im Salle Extension University
(Homo Study) offers you the
cliitnco you need for complete
tmliilng In Truffle Management,
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship und other Speciul courses
thnt menu Higher Sulnries.
Either sex. Any nst*. Convenient terms. Write or cnll for litem t nre. District ofllre:
Phone Sey. 1750 FRIDAY January 21, H21
Big January
Clearance Sale
Now in Full Swing
See the Windows—Read the Province
—that she
may save more
Every woman, in justice to her own need
.   of a Suit, Coat or Qreas, owes a prompt visit
to our .,
January Sale
The best and newest in "Prom Maker
to Wearer" styles at  about  one-half
- price and less.
The  general convention  opened
at Vancouver on Monday, Jan. 17;
56 delegates present from the
Coast, Cranbrook, Edmonton, Kamloops, Merritt, Prince George,
Prince Rupert and The Paa.
Delegate Head elected ohalrman.
Committees elected on credentials,
past management, future policy,
resolutions, constitution, arrangements and grievance.
The central executive report
showed 13,732 members In good
standing; total amount collected
during the past six months for fees
and dues, $5*9.294; 12 active districts;. future.per capita was recommended to be 25c. This to enable
the district to get sufficient supply
of an official paper; a separate
report was issued dealing ln detail
with the Port Arthur convention
affairs, both before and after the
date of convention, and tho reasons why per capita had been withheld from tho O, B. U. since July.
The reports were fully discussed
and adopted.
Ai'h-i* considerable discussion, lt
was decided by a vote of 35 to 5
to form nn Industrial organisation,
separate from the O, B, U„ until
that body again conformed to the
original principles upon which the
Lumber Workers first joined, and
until the officials should be elected
by the vote of the membership.
Special committees were elected
to draft a new constitution and
define more fully the future policy
of the organization.
The principle of One Big Unionism, based and organized upon in
dustrial lines, Ib, solidly supported
by the Lumber Workers, but they
refuqe to recognize the present O.
B. U. organization, or Its officials,
as being representative of these
principles, or of the workers who
hold to them.
The Lumber Workers will continue to advocate the principles,
and work in hartnony witlrany and
all other bodies ofworkers who are
striving to attain a greater measure
of economic freedom. The convention Is still In session dealing with
the reports of future policy and
constitution committees. All proceedings will be submitted to referendum vote.
Near GranvUle
The PURITY DAIRY, in spite of cut-throat prices, continue to gain ground, which proves the publie appreciates
quality and only ask a fair price. Keep in mind the
danger of Trusts.or Combines and support' an Independent Dairy.       _
If you are looking for Quality rather than cheap milk,
phone us. Our prices are:
Quarts Eight /or One Dollar
pints  .Thirteen for One Dollar
Cream, Tnhle »0o per Half Pint
Cream, Whipping _ 'Me per Half Plat
Buttermilk  — te per Quart
Phone 4181 Vheae 1181
There's no hesitation when
fear is removed—
The expert methods I employ are applied with the
human touch—a consideration of comfort which
Is shown every patient. Both local and general
anaesthesia will alleviate the discomfort of any work
—no matter how difficult. Then, too, complete
X-Ray equipment greatly facilitates thorough, rapid
work—a certainty of diagnosis which thoughtful
people demand.
Fort Frances District conevntlon
opened on Dec. 28. There was a
good attendance of delegates, Including fraternal delegates from
Winnipeg and Port Arthur districts.
The convention unanimously oppoaed work being done by piece,
bonus or contract; an 8-hour'day
to be enforced; no member of the
organization to be permitted i to
work longer; a minimum wage of
$5 per day with board; double time
for Sundays and legal holidays!
While carrying on the- fight
against the piece, bonus and con'
tract Bystem, no member may
make more than the minimum
wage, working an 8-hour day; job
section ls to be the strict method to
be followed In the district in ah
endeavor to obtain better working
conditions. Any official seen in
public ln an Intoxicated slate shall
upon proof,. bt removed from his
position; any member proven
guilty of a similar condition shall
be ineligible to hold office ln the
organization for two years thereafter.
The question of maintaining
headquarters ln connection wtth
the department, was strongly discussed, and uanimoualy supported,
the district refslng to entertain any
proposal to withdraw from being
an integral part of the L. C. & .A.
W. department.
It was decided to work ln harmony with the Finnish Socialist
Local of Fort Frances, and with
all other milttaw organlatlons of
an non-parliamentary character
that were out to secure economic
democracy and the overthrow of
exploitation of human labor-power.
Good public propaganda meetings were held during the period
of the convention.
Jn the Cobalt eleetion.       m
'  At North Bay   Jim   Mcffvenna,'
ibe Labor candidate, was re-elected
John Cameron, the Labor controller of Ottawa, was re-elected
by a vote of 6,379.
No Van for lt Except ln Trading
With Nations tbat Prize
the Metal.
The present Russian government
holds as public property, available
for outside buying, not only gold
taken from the semi-public and
private banks, but considerable virgin gold mined sincere Soviet regime started over three years ago.
The Ural mountains rank next to
South Africa and Alaska. ln gold,
production. Unlike other countries
Russia now has practically no use
for gold except in trading with
nations That prize the metal.
Put a one-cent stamp  on  tbls
papef and mail It to a friend.
Where Is your Union button?
There Is mall at Kamloops district office for Frank Cassidy, Hel-
mer Edlund, Ben Gleason, W. Haw-
ryluk, L. J, Hoffman, George Johnson, Robt, Macpherson, Malcolm
McAllister, John Olson, Thomas
Rourke, E. J. Sullian. George Smith
and William Malenolr.
The Const District convention
continued from January 10th to
A proposal to hold district conventions yearly In future, was re- J
jected. The semi-annual conven-:
tion being maintained.
It was decided in favor of forming a Lumber Workers Industrial
Union of Canada, and withdrawing
from the O. B. U. until the words
recently deleted from the preamble
were replaced, and the election of
executive members by referendum
vote wns adopted; also a recall
provision Inserted in the constitution ; recall proceedings against
any one or more members of the
general executive board,
Job action was recommended to
secure enforcement of the law
"that qualified firBt aid men be provided (n all camps."
May-1 was set for the burning
of blnnkets and the compelling
of employers to furnish them In all
camps after that date.
Bylaws were drafted governing
the conduct of the internal affairs
of thc district.
A referendum will be taken as
soon as the necessary arrangements
can be made.
Nominations for District
C. Linder, W. Head, G. Mitchell.
For District Executive: (4 to be
elected): D. Herdman, C. Freeman,
W. O'Donnell, B. Wilson, A. Lam-
ey, J. .Arnold, T. Armour.
Will he who took C Newberg's
suitcase from Rock Bay Hotel ln
mistake, return same cither to the
Rock Bay Hotel, or Granite Bay.
His own suitcase is ln safety at
Rock Bay Hotel.
Tho importance of teeth la
retaining good appearance Is
especially evidenced In tlie way
your expression Is reitored by
Expression Work. I apeelaliia
in this work—got only ly dnp.
Heating your natural twth. but
In giving your faco that youth,
ful look so greatly desired.
Corner Seymonr
Office  Open"**Wu*wlay  and  Friday
DR.  BRETT   ANDERSON,  formerly member of the Faculty of the
College of Dentistry, Unlveraity of Southern California, Lecturer
on Orown and Bridgework, Demonstrator In Platework and Operative Dentistry, Local and General Anaesthesia,
Clearance Sale
Ladies' Sweater Coats Half Price to Clear
Men's Sweater Coats, up to $7.50, to clear at $4.00
Men's Mackinaw Coati, up to $22.50, to clcar....$12.75
Men's Overcoats, from Half Price to 26% OfT
Men's Suits, all lines -   25% Off
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
Cranbrook District convention
took place on Jan. 23. The report
of the executive showed the splendid condition of the district, whieh
enabled It to face and weather the
present chaos and slump In the
lumber Industry. Acknowledgment
was made to the splendid work of
the retiring secr'otnry, Jimmie
District Organizer Ed. Robinson
reported on work done and conditions existing throughout the district. He recognized the good work
being curried on by active delegates
and members which had resulted
tn good camp conditions, and' a
general elevation of the standing
of the logger; but he did not hesitate to damn the slackers, booze
artists, card packers and card
players, wh0 were more concerned
with dealing a deck and trying to
clean out some other follow worker, than they were In cleaning out
the filthy bunk houses and blind
pigs and getting a new deal for
the working class.
The nudlt committee, O. J. Dandeneau, Bidder, Robinson, certified
the financial statement as being
Nominations for district secrotary: F. Bidder, O. J. Dandoneau,
C. McPhall. For district executive
(4 to elect): G. Heafford, W. L. Alien, A. Carlson, Ferd Meyor, Arm
and Z. Viau.
Dolegates to genci'al convention
E. J. Robinson, O. Dandeneau, F
Delegates wero instructed to etp
phasize the need for more litem
ture, and to urge consideration of
the organization publishing an offi
clal paper; piece work, bonus and
contract systems afe to ba strenuously opposed; a referendum to be
tnken to {ix Juno 1 next as thc last
day for* packing blankets In tho
Municipal Elections Bring:
Out Some Interesting
Toronto. Ont.—Employers ' and
anti-radical" labor men Joined
forces throughout Ontario to defeat
candidates of the Labor party in
the municipal elections, the cry of
"Bolshevism" being raised as a
bugaboo In more than one city. In
Toronto, Hamilton and London, the
province's three largest Industrial
centres, the Conservative and Liberal parties combined to cut down
Labor's representation.
Thousands of copies of a so-called Labor paper, which has the
backing of Chambers of Commerce
and Canadian manufacturers, were
distributed in Toronto and London,
It contained personal attacks on
Labor candidates, picturing them as
"dangerous Radicals."
Hamilton Labor's mayoralty candidate was defeated, as well as Its
nominee for hydro commissioner,
who held that position last year.
Labor, however, eleoted two controllers and seven aldermen.
Labor made an exceptional run
In Owen Sound, Us mayoralty candidate, as well as thre aldermen
being elected, Windsor elected
four, Kitchener two and St. Catherines one Labor aldermen.
In Guelph the Labor Party entered the municipal field for the
firtrt time and elected one alderman,
W. Phil Evans, .and one trustee,
John Berry. ,
At Sault Ste. Marie Mayor Thomaa Farquhnr, Labor's candidate ln
Monday's election, was re-elected
with a majority of 551. The council now stands fifty-fifty, with the
mayor giving .Labor the deciding
voto In a deadlock.
At St. Thomas, William Stokes,!
president of the Independent Labor
Party, was elected a member of the
City Council.
At Port Arthur two Labor aldermen were elected.
At Stratford three of the Labor-
Soldlei* slate were elected members of he council.
At Niagara Falls C. R. Newman,
a Labor candidate was elected tu
tho city council, and Chas. F.
Swayse,-Labor M.P.P., was elected
a school trustee,
One Labor nldorman was elected
We Trusted
In   1920  and  we
In 1921. Why not?
Our relations have beea
satisfactory, although conditions havt been very
trying. You have been
honest with us—we have
been honest with you.
Honesty Is the basic foundation of our business.
You can buy your
I from us os
Independent and Majority Socialists Reach Agreement and
Commnnlate are Alio
Dresden. — The widely ipread
press reports that Saxony, the so-
called "red" German state, had declared against Socialist rula at the
last elections are proved false by
the (act that a cabinet composed
entirely ot Socialists has been formed.
The Independents have come to
an agreement with the Majority
Socialists. Both have asked the
Communists to Join the government
and in case the Communists refuse
will atk them tt remain neutral.
X-RAYS Locate Ills
to greater advantage than
you can for cash elsewhere.
Como and See Our Stork
I Furniture Co.
416 MAIN
Opposite City Hall
Quick, R. O.
O. Hanson's tie camp 2. The camp
is about two miles from the railroad. Have two bunk houses,
30x28; fairly good. About 25 meu
in each house; have double-deck
bunks; company supplies mat-
tresHos, no springs or blankets.
have not a wash-house, but expect
one when the builders get time to
put one up. Tho timber horo isn't
vory Ltoort; men are pretty well all
in, and if he wants to make day
wages for himself, and the snow is
getting pretty doep, too. Nearly
all the men ln camp belong to the
O. B, U. Pood poor, dishes are not
property cleaned after using. Dining-room dirty.
Give  a  little  encouragement  to
our advertisers.
H. Walton
Specialist   In    Eloctrical    Tn>nfments,
Vlald  Rsy and High  Frequency  for
KliluniBiUm,  Sciatica,  Lumbago, Paralysis, '-Hair   and   Hcslp   Treat men ta,
Chnink Ailments.
Phono  Soymour  20-18
198 Hastings Stroet Weat.
Dr. DeVan'B French Pills
A reliable Kwilathig Pill for Women, |.*>
a box. Sold at all Drag Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tba
Scobell Drug Oo., St. Catherines, Ontario.
Restores Vim dfld Vitality; for Nor?o and
Brain; increoses "gray matter;" a Tonle
—will build you up. |3 a box. or two for
$fi, at dru< stores, or by mail on receipt
of prico. Tbe Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
Fifteenth     Floor     Standard
Bunk—Corner of Hastings
and Richards /
We have been wrongfully
accused of practicing medicine. WE DO NOT—and
here are some of the reasons
WHY, given by the most
eminent men in the medical profession:
W. J. Robinson, M. D.;
"The art of medicine is a
combination of science, luck,
und humbug."
Dr. Sir Wm. Oslor said:
"We put drugs of which we
know little Into bodies of
which we know less."
R. T. Trail, M. D.: "Materia Mudlca ls simply a list
of drugs, chemicals and
dyestuffs—in a word Poison,
Thoy arc all Incompatible
with vital functions, ul) arc
antagonistic to living matter; all produce dlsonae, all
ure polMons. No physician
lias ever yet given tho world
a reason that wouid bear
the ordoul of ono moment's
scientific examination, why a
Blck person should be poisoned more than a well."
Prof. Gregory, M. D., Edinburgh: "Ninety-nine out
of every hundred medical
facts are medical lies, and
medical doctrines are, for
the most part, stark,' stating
Dr. Abercromble, F. R. C.
S., Edinburgh: "Medicine la
the science of guessing."
D|\ ^bornothy, M.D., London: "Diseases have increased ln proportion as
medical nieh have increased."
Sir Ashley Cooper, physician to Queon Victoria, declared: "The science of medicine ls founded upon conjecture and Improved by
murder." '
(To   Be  Continued)
As we do business by appointment ONLY, It is necessary to write or phone before
coming hero.
We teach yo\i how
to keep well
Our Oltor  SUM-Holds  (iooil
PImuics:     Seymour  «o:t;
Highland 21,111/
Vancouver X-Ray
Twcber at BraflM Hilling
for the elimination of non-Mntagions
chronic ailmenta - by Natural Methods.
Hours, 9 to 6 evening* by appointment.
Vancouver X-Kay and Naturopathic Institute, tiU Standard Bank Building. Pbone
Seymour 1977.
Uaion Official., write for prick   Wo
Oa ul aftor taa. 1,1820, wo mil to
locitod at IMS HOWE IT.
W. E. Fenn's School
Phones:  Sejr. 101—Soy. 3058-O
Social Dances'Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
SAVE HONEY by wring
Lump $14 Ton
Stove $13 Ton
We recommend a mixture of
half Lump and half Stove at
$13.30 Ton.
This is the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL ln Vancouver, bar
Great Northern
^Transfer Co.
Pbone Bey. 404-5-6
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd
il HutUgi Street Wut
A Lnrge, Efficient, nnd Expert
Staff £lves instruction In the
following branches:
Practical Assaying. Prospecting and  Surveying.
Anyntio Intonated In mining will
find thene clauses ut undoubted
advantage ln deciding the relative
values of their prospect! on the
Tor particulate, writo or phono to
tho Principal, F. J. BAIN.
B. C. School of
Pharmacy & Science
(IIS Pender Street West
Vanconver, B. C.
Phone,Sey, I7IO
Coed Citizens!
DID YOU EVER consider that, when you do not
bare yonr elothes made for yon here, you are assisting to deprive this city ot a pay roll of Two'
Million dollars. Every ready-made or so-called to-
order suit you buy represents so mueh money sent
East when these goods are made. Why do tnist
There are ln Vancouver and around aome 80,000 men.
Bach ault they have made here represent* about 120
apent ln wages alone. Consider what this meana to the
city—to you—to your wife and family. And, purchasing
bere, you get better suits of far greater quality. There
are no sulta mado in tha Eaat that can approach ours
for value, and at thia time, you get an exceptional ent,
unexampled offer and opportunity. We are making a
Suits at $37.50
Mpda from our regular range of (76 woolens, with perfect
flt and absolute eattofactlon guaranteed.
overcoats trr $35
from onr regular range of KB railage
Between Columbia and Main
(Near Carnegie Library) ■'
Machinery unnecessary. Our guaranteed formulas start
you in business.   You can make anything.
wnmiPEo, MAN.
Dept. 0
The [MJJ Loggers' Boot
Htll erlsrs femnally sltradad tt
Guaranteed to Hold Caulkt and Ara Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Surcestort to II. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Pbone Seymour 55(1 Repairs Done While Yoa Walt
Frail Cut Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Flantt
Ornamental and Shade Treee, Seeds, Bulla, Florists' gundrlM
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
tf Hutingi Itnet Eut 788 Qranyill. atreet
Stjmour DB8-67S Seymour 051J
Fer twenty Inn wa Urn Utatd tkli Union Stamp fer ttt >a<cr tar
Peaceful CoUtctlfi Bargaining
PorMde Both Striken aad Lockoote
Dieyutai Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment ud Bkilted Wockmanifclt
Prompt DoliTtrlii to Dealera and Pnbiic
Peace ud Bateau to Workora ud Employera
Prosperity ot SkM Hiking Communities
As loyal union mas and woman, wa aak
yon to domand i show tearing tka aboye
Union Stamp on Sola, Inaola or Lining.
Colli! LoTuly,  Central Prsiideat    Oharlei L. Balne,  Oanaral Bec.-Treis.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
X—Cascado is a UNION produce trom start to finish.
thirteenth year, wo. t    THE" BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAT  January tl. H21
Boys' Dept.—Seeond Floor
1921 Price
Announcement Sale
$45.00 Overcoats
Selling at $21.50
No better "buy" in clothing is offered anywhere
than these big, double-breasted Ulsters. Splendid
overcoats in thick, pure wool. Handsomely distinctive. With big turn-up collar, bold lapels, broad
seams and big, deep pockets. Belted, heavyweight
overcoats that keep out wet and eold. Splendid for
the motorist. A real all-weather coat. In newest
weaves and patterns. Begular $45.00. (Ol CA
Sale price  yL 1 .DU
Copyright '**. Hart Schaffner &Marx
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Men and Boys
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Quality and
We use the best material that money can buy, and your
shoes are always ready just when they are wanted.
We operate an entirely O. B. U. Shop, and all work is
positively guaranteed.
The New Method Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
837 OABBALL STBEET (Jnst Off Hastings Street)
Phone B.F. 954
Skates Sharpened and Attached
Texas Leases and Oil
Development Co., Ltd.
(Non-personal Liability)
A B. C. Company, financed with B. C. capita!, controlled by B. C.
men, operating in the oil fields of Texas, U. S. A„
offers a limited amount of
Treasury Stock at Par, $10 per Share
This Company owns seven most valuable tracts of oil lands—
all proven territory, including 40 acres right ln the heart arid
otiilrc of the famous Breckenridge Oil Pool, 10 miles long by
four miles wide, where dry holes are almost unknown, the
present average being only 4 per cent., while gushers of 1,000
to 10,000 barrels are usual, and ordinary.
This is your chance to get ip on the ground floor at same price
M original shareholders, who took ail the risks, This issue Is
required to drill on the company's 40 acrea at Breckenridge.
For prospectus and map of Texas Oil Fields apply
Fbcal Agents Texas Leasee and Oil Development Co., Ltd.
There's No Reason Why
You Shouldn't Dress Well!
-When an Institution like tlie "New York" ls waiting to
assist you wltb liberal terms of
ean tie secured here by merely
paying a small deposit and the balance to suit your income.
During our big
you can buy the beat of clothing
at greatly reduced prices. Buy
now and get the beneflt of our
Story of His  Downfall
After Short Term
in Office
In view of the fact that Kerensky
Is supposed to be acting on behalf
of Prance in another attempt to attack Soviet Russia, it might be of
Interest to again relate how he lost
out in Russia. Following are some
of the events which took place between Sept. 28 and Nov. 7, 1917:   •
The "Great Democratic Conference" opened in Fetrograd on the
27th of September. As to the "Great
National Conference" in Moscow
whero the counter-revolution developed, so here Kerensky opened
the proceedings. Here he defended
himself against complicity in the
Knrniloff conspiracy, and here he
said: "Whosoever raises a knife to
stab the Russian army in the back,
shall learti the whole weight of the
authority of the Revolutionary
government." He was soon to learn
where stood the Russian army, and
which authority it regarded as truly
Reactionary Conference
The conference was a gathering
of all the clans of reaction. Every
kind of association, however anti
democratic, had representation.
Thus Kerensky allied himself
with the Kad ftt capitalists, the supporters of the Korniloff rebellion,
the avowed enemies of tho Soviets,
and this was his answer to the Bolshevik triumph at the Soviet flections. He declared that the "Provisional government" was the renl
expression of the people's will. He
was soon to see.
The Issue
Thc Soviets or the Provisional
government had to go—both sides
recognized it
Nicholas Lenin said:
"BerenBky now stands in the path
of the revolution. He defies it. Tt
must sweep him away or he will
deBtroy it—that's the Issue."
Kerensky regarded the "provi
sional government" as the true custodian of the Revolution, and he
regarded the Bolsheviks as greater
enemies of Russia than the Kadets.
Thus he made his choice.
The Bolsheviks held mass meetings in all the graet cities. The
Moscow municipal elections came
ou and the Bolsheviks swept the
polls. The Petrograd Soviet took
the initiative in cnlling together the
"All Russian Congress." The old
executive appealed to branch Soviets to return anti-Bolsheviks—
they returned Bolsheviks. The
congress met. The new executive
wns triumphantly Bolshevik, and
the Soviet organization was Bolshevik top and bottom and throughout
the land,
Trotsky Acts
On Oct. 20, the Kadet-rlgged
"Provisional Council" that was to
support Kerensky commenced Its
session. Into it strode Leon Trotsky with a number of supporters.
He denounced the government as
government of public treason,
and the council as "a council of
counter revolutionary complicity."
He told its members to run away
home and save their skins, and
then he and his Bolshevik following walked out.
And this "Provisional Council,"
this assembly of all the talents, this
gathering of the wealth, Industry,
finance and brains of Russia did
not move. It did nothing. It was
afraid to act. It professed to be
there in the name of the nation. It
professed to represent thc nation.
Yet it feared to move lest the na
tlon should rise and slay it, It
meandered nlong in meaningless
speeches that incurrod no risk. Fin
ally it slunk away into the darkness. The world knew it no more.
Kerensky was left to his fate.
By Oct. 29 Kei'ensky had ready
for a march on Moscow and Petrograd, if need be, all the forces upon
which he thought he could rely,
and on that dale ho answered that
he had sufficient troops at his disposal to suppress any attempted
On Nov. 6 the Bolshevik Soviets
struck and Kerensky'/. Kadet sup-
The Problem of Unemployment
(By James T. Stott.)
IN A leaflet issued by the Victoria
Local of the S. P. of C. during
the recent election, after making reference to the problem of unemployment, the statement is made
that this problem—unemployment
—ls the rock on which Capitalism
will meet its doom. This statement is not made without good reason. The reason why some of the
social systems which preceded our
present one lasted for a much
longer period of time than our present system seems likely to last, is
becauso of the fact that their
social economy at least ensured an
existence for all. Capitalism, with
its unemployment of about six per
cent, or over, a chronic condition
at all times and a far greater percentage at periods of depression
which occur with greater frequency, so mueh so that one period
seems scarcely over before another
ls on, and unemployment today
means that even existence ls not
assured. And when a social system
can no longer assure the means of
Ufe to its members, Its doom ls
near—and certain.
Another statement made in the
leaflet mentioned Is as follows;
"With the ever-Increasing perfection of the machinery of production and the more efficient organization of the producers of wealth.
the worker of today is able to produce in a few hours a far larger
output than formerly could be pror
duced In treble the time; but this
Increased product, instead of reducing his hours of labor, thus giving him greater opportunities for
culture and the pleasres of life, ls
retained by the owners of the
machinery of production and is
used to force him to accept an even
lower standard ot lite than hitherto. Instead of the larger output
made possible by the increased pro
ductlvity of the machine being used
to raise the workers' standard of
life, it is used to dispense with a
portion of the labor army, and the
growing problem of the unemployed, with all its attendant misery,
suffering and degradation, is a
ghastly witness of the failure and
mismanagement of industry by the
Capitalist class."
Ah a commentary on this, the following news dispatch Is interesting:
"New York, Nov. 30.—Advices
from various parts of the United
States, widely scattered, of the re
opening of factories closed during
the recent Industrial re-adjustment
are taken in New York business eir
cles as indicating the beginning of a
gradual Improvement in business
conditions. In some Instances tlio
opening of plants is attended with
announcements of lower wage
schedules or curtailed working
At the outset of a discussion on
any problem, it is customary to be
gin by a statement of the nature
nnd magnitude of the problem,* its
causes and effects, There is little
necessity to explain the nature ol
this problem to the average worker. We have all "been there" and
understand from experience. News
dispatches daily keep us posted a
to the magnitude of tho problem.
Our business is to find out the
cause, and having diagnozed this
social disease, find out if there ls
a remedy, and proceed to agitate
for Its application.
The problem is one which must
be mot— and met immediately, for
"out of a Job" today means to the
average worker that staration will
stare him, and those dependent on
him, in. the face In a very short
time. Palliative measures must be
resorted to to relieve the immediate pressure, but palliative men-
sures do not solve the problem. The
day o. reckoning is only put off.
The class Interested in the maintenance of our present social
system can offer no solution of
this problem. If they could solve
It they would, for the ones In their
ranks who do a little thinking know
that an army of unemployed con-
Btitutes a menace. Realizing this,
the fact that .the problem ls still
with us ls a confession of their Inability to find a solution. The
capitalist class does not suffer from
thc effects of unemployment as the
working class does, and the prob
lem will remain until the working
class, driven by necessity, get to
the root of- the matter and solve it
Tlio "Why" of the Problem.
Then, what Is the  reason that
men, able and willing to work, pos-
porters crumbled to pieces. Within 24 hours Kerensky was in flight,
and the "Provisional government*
had ceased to exist. Once more the
armies and the masses demonstrat
ed that they would not stand for
any power that sought to destroy
the Soviets. Thus the "Socialist
Republic of Federated Soviets'
came Into existence.—Reproduced
from "Red Europe" by Frank
AnBtey, Australian M, P. On sale
at offlce of The Federatlonist. BOc
■esBing the brawn to wrestle with
nature and take from her the raw
material, or the skill necessary to
fashion such raw material into
articles which minister to the necessities or comforts of life, are unable to utilize the energy stored in
their bodies and so add to the
wealth of the world—to the real
wealth, not the column of figures
in a bank ledger, which merely demonstrate that some Individual,
whose name appears at the head of
the column, possesses a legally recognized mortgage on existing
wealth, or wealth yet to be created, but real wealth, In the shape of
foodstuffs, clothing, good and com-;
fortable shelter—the primal necessities of existence—and the many
things necessary for life In
its widest sense—all that' ls
Implied by the term "culture." There Is no lack of the
brown and the brain necessary to
produce, there fs no limit to the
capacity to consume the wealth
which can be produced. Then, why
unemployment? Why this problem
which seems, on the surface, insoluble? Our answer is: A social
system which has outgrown its usefulness; a system heading for destruction; a system which cannot be
saved, and would not be worth saving were saivatlon possible.
In order to understand this problem it Is necessary, first of all, to
know something of the underlying
feature of our present social system
—Capitalism. The Capitalist system
is based on the production of commodities—that Is, on the production of things for sale. While any
article produced must have a use
value of some kind, catering to
either the needs or the desires of a
prospective purchaser, this Is-wnly;
a side issue: The primary object of
production Is to sell. And the sale
must be made to bring to the owner
a profit, in order to secure for its
lucky possessor command over the
good things of life, and power over
others. There are well defined
economic laws governing the pro'
duetion of commodities, the main
one of which is that the value on
the market of any article Is the
cost of its reproduction.
Labor-power—human energy—is
a commodity, and as such must go
on the market on precisely the
same footing as other commodities.
Its value on the market Is, and will
be so long as the capitalist system
continues, not the value of what it
produces, but the cost of its own
reproduction. Were the price paid
for labor-power—the wages paid—
the aum total of the value'produced,
the consuming power of the working
class would be greatly increased,
and the markets would not be overstocked—a phenomena observed as
the prelude to a period of unemployment. Whnt happens today ls
that the working-class, with the
aid of modern machinery, and by
the application of scientific, and
well regulated subdivision of labor,
actually produce in a given time
much more than Is necessary to
sustain them for that time, but, as
the value of< their labor-power is
simply tho cost of its reproduction,
when they have been allowft to
take from the store of wealth pro
duced sufficient to renew their en
ergy there sttill remains a surplus
over which they have no control
and until this surplus can be disposed of the wheels of Industry
must be slowed down. Under the
present system there fs no use in
continuing production unless a market can-be found for the-product.
Early Capitalism
In the early 'days of the capitalist system, the subdivision of labor
und the use of the somewhat simple
and. in comparison with the present-day, rather crude machine, did
not increase production to tlie ex-
teht of making the question of unemployment a serious problem,
True, the embryo capitalist was
able to live In a better home and to
enjoy more of the pleasures and
comforts of life, but the maBter still
worked in tho factory, either- at
some of the mechanical processes
or taking an active part in the management or marketing the product
The surplus was   small,   and   the
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natural development of business absorbed lt. As the machine developed this surplus grew, and markets had to be found for its disposal. But the world was wide,
and for some years the capitalist
olass of industrialized countries
managed to dispose of their surplus
aiding In the development„of new
countries. Iron and steel works
were kept busy producing machinery for "foreign*' markets, and textile factories kept the "foreigner"
or "colonial" clothed until such
time, as he began to produce for
himself. But day by day saw the
machine becoming more perfect,
and increasing production with the
Bame expenditure of laboi'. The
"foreign" producer began to supply
his own needs, and first, the foreign
market began to contract, and later,
the surplus from the machines of
the newly developed countries began to pour Into the world market. And the spectre of unemployment began to rear its head, first
periodically, now all the time, with
greater or less intensity. Today,
from all quarters of the globe come
reports of factories closing, and
news nbout demonstrations of the
unemployed. Denied access to the
products of their labor, the working class must face the question
either of changing the social system
or submitting to starvation. As the
strongest instinct of all living beings Is self-preservntion, the latter
alternative is out of the question.
During the recent war lt has been
estimated that 75,000,001) persons
were engaged either un the battle-
lelds, producing munitions, or ln
other lines of war work, yet the
needs of all were provided for demonstrating that so far as production is concerned, these 75,000,000
persons are unnecessary. Even
were they exterminated the problem we are considering would not be
solved, for the market would be
contracted to the extent of their
consuming power. The wages paid
to the working class only average
20 per cent of the value of the
wealth produced by their labor, ond
this leaves a surplus of 80 per cent
in the hands of the master class,
which they are physically unable to
consume, and try as they will, are
unable to waste. There being no
market for what is already in stock,
tho incentive to develop aud ln-
csease production does not exist,
and thc defenders of our present
system finds himself faced on all
sides with unsurtnountable difficulties: Either they must solve the
problem, or the accummulated surplus wealth they ure defending will
smother tbem.
It may be mentioned, In passing,
that the Returned Soldier problem,
of which we have heard so much,
Is only a phase of the problem of
unemployment. In this case, the
mattei* is complicated by a number
of the men being below par for a
variety of causes,—being away from
their accustomed vocation for
a long period, gas, shell shock, and
the awful experiences they have
gone through, and although suffi
clent havo been coming home In
small numbers fr'om the early days
of the war to Indicate the magnitude of the problem which would
have to be faced, nothing was done.
During the war, when recruits were
needed, prospects were told that
"nothing would be too good for
them once the enemy was beaten."
Today It seems that "Nothing" Is
quite good enough. The Returned
soldier and his troubles add complications to the problem today.
The Solution.
Well, having stated the problem,
and having tried to demonstrate its
nature, the question will be asked:
What can the.Sociatlst offer as a
Solution? In analyzing the matter
I have endeavored to show that the
problem is one Inseparable to the
present social order1—Capitalism--
and so lqn_ as Capitalism lasts, will
grow in magnitude. To solve this
problem, then, our social system
must be changed. Under Capitalism, production Is carried on for
profit. W*e must have production
for* use. The Capitalist system rests
on the basis of profit. All the benefits of the subdivision of labor, of
machinery, of scientific discoveries
flow Into the coffers of the owner
of the machinery of production today. By their control of this
machinery the present Capitalist
class maintains Its strangle-ho Id
on the class which must have access
to the machine ln order to subsist.
In the social economy of the future
the benefits accruing from the ownership of the machine and the,
natural resources of the earth will
continue to be for the benefit of
the owners, but the ownership must
be social, not the ownership of a
small class—when Industry can be
so organized that all will perform
their part In the labor neressary to
produce the necessaries and luxuries of life, due allowance being
made for those disabled from any
cause, and all will receive the full
social value of their labor. In that
day, If the necessaries and comforts
of life are being produced In a
greater quantity than needed, the
wheels of production will be slowed down by reducing the ham's of
labor for all, Instead of a portion
being turned onto the streets, job
less, to fact 'starvation, as Is the
case today.
The anachronism of full warehouses and starving human beings,
of Idle land, und machinery and unemployed men, are things which
cannot last. By Its failure to solve
the problems it has created the
Capitalist system stands condemned, and all the sophistries of Its
apologists, and the brutal measures
of Its defenders and beneficiaries
can not prevent sentence being
passed and the judgment executed
as soon as the facts of the matter
are thoroughly understood by the
workers of the world. Leaving to
those who still-believe thc capitalist system can be patched up and
tinkered with, and made to last
some time longer, the Introduction
of palliative measures to relieve
the present situation, it Is our business to disseminate the factB of the
matter as widely as possible and
hasten the day of Judgment. Tho
problem of unemployment, and a
number of other problems incidental to the Capitalist system, can
only be solved by the Inauguration
of a social system of production for
use In place of the present system
of production for profit,
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effective January 15, amounts to
20 per cent- It will bring wages
below $4.00 a day and will affect
over 4,000 lumberjacks. Mill wages
of course were reduced In proportion. Three thousand men are employed In the mills of western Montana.
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