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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 12, 1918

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TENTH YEAR.   No. 28
Men to Be Congratulated on
Splendid Stand
B. C. Electric Camouflage to
Raise Fares Is Now   ...
The Street Railway and Electrical
Workers strike is over, the men having
won all along the line, but the B. C,
Electric Railway Company haB nlao
won, as it hus gained the concession
that it desired in Vancouver—the right
to raise the furcB.
This is the second time that thia company has used the men in obtaining
concessions, the Inst time being when
they wero out to put the jitneys off
the streets. On that occasion it was
Btated that the mon ivero in collusion [ defeats'for "the admlnistrat
ction Was Defeat
d  Gompers'
"Indianapo> £ Crowd" Helps
Split Mac ^e—Absorb
Smaller Unions
President Rickert of the United Garment Workers of America haB succeeded President Perham of the Railway
Telegraphers on the executive council
of the American Federation of Labor,
and the plnco in thc council held for
many years by .Tames O'Connell of the
Machinists has been filled by the election of General Secretary Fischer of the
Barbers. Both of these changes ure
victories for the combination of big
unionB that has come to be known ub
the "Indianapolis crowd."    They nre
with the company. It is not necessary
to sny, in face of tho recent manocu-
vres on the pnrt of thc company, that
that stiitemcnt was without foundation.
As u proof of the fact that the men
wero not a purty to the company's
scheme to raise thc fares, the men hnve
gained their points whether thc cities
of Victorin, New Westminster nnd
North Vancouver make tho concessions
asked for by the compnny or not, und
every mun in the employ of the compnny will receive thc inerensod rates
of wages, und the conditions specified
in the ngreement, nud they do not hinge
on the concessions being grunted by the
pluees mentioned.
The bnsis of the settlement with the
street rnilwny men is us follows: Eight-
hour duy with n ten-hour spread, A
minimum wnge of 40 cents per hour. A
maximum wnge of 51 cents per hour.
Time and a half for overtime. Eighteen months service to qualify for the
maximum wage. All platform mon
time and n hnlf for Sundays nnd holi-
dnys. Double time for all overtime for
nil shop and burn employees. Forty-
four hour week for traekmon, time and
a half for Snturduy uftemoon, nnd
double time for Sundny and holidays.
The agreement wub signed on Thursday morning at 1.30 a.m.
The men huve succeeded in securing
thoir wuge demands in toto, but hnve
compromised on matters portuining to
working conditions und overtime resulting from the ndoption of tho oight-
hour duy. This will result in a very
considerable financial saving to the
compnny and will, accordingly, reduce
their original estimate of the cost of
tho meu'B demands.
With the basic eight-hour duy established, the carmen's earnings will
only amount to #.'1.20 on the minimum
rnte, and inerensing to $4.08 per dny
on the mnxium rute. It must not bo
assumed, however, that nil carmen rcgu-
Inrly obtain full time, us over 20 per
cent, of the men work either as extras
or on short specinl runs. In moat enses
these men work irregular hours nnd
cannot get in full time. Aa a consequence their earnings will nmount to
considernbly less thnn $3.20 per dny.
To anyone who hus to maintain u
home in this city in these times, no
nrgument is necessary to prove that
this wnge is quite innu-jq.mte to moot
the abnormnl incrense in thc cost of
living, nnd it seems incredible that
the men were forced to a strike ii
order to secure it.
Electrical Woikers Big Gain
The Electrical   Workors   agreement
hns been signed by the B. C, Electric
und the Western Power Company.    A
few minor changes were mnde from the
original but  nil  the  import unt   issues
were agreed to.    The scule culls   for
from $7.50 to $13.00 for nil journeymen,
an incrense of $1.25 per day in the
I ense of the B. C. Electric nnd 70 centB
n the cusp of the Western Power. The
lealc   for   apprentices   ia   from   $4.20
up.   A very important item which the
| companies agreed to is the closed shop,
i which givcB the Electrical Workers jurisdiction over till eloctricnl workers employed by the companies und  ennbles
the union to enforce its working condl-
| tions.   The eight-hour dny, double time
for overtime und  a thirty-day clause
for  the reopening  uf  negotiations are
nil  embodied  in  the    new    ngreement
along with many other lesser Important
Solidarity Wins
The brotherhood presonted a blanket
agreement to the above mentioned companies und the B. 0. Telephone Company early in June for acceptance by
July 1. Tho B. C. Telephone Company
enme through ut the lust, minute und
avoided a threatened strike, b.it the
other companies stood out until Wednesday night. Everything was tied up
completely and not a car moved from
July 1 to July 10 and the men are jubilant over their victory.
Wanted General Strike
It is well that tho general strike proposed by the TradeB awl Lnbor Council committee did not have to be enforced. Tho general strike committee
appointed by the Trades and Labor
Council received reports from tho many
affiliations regarding n strike and but
for about two orgunizationa tho reports
were all fuvornble. The committee,
howover, deferred action from time to
time in order to give the compunies and
the unions affected time to com-e to a
settlement, as neither the Electrical
Workers nor the street cnr mon wnnt-
ed a general strike called. The patience
of other union men wus only held in
leash by herculcun offorts nnd tho general strike committee could not have
I prevented a goneral striko taking place
Monday morning if a settlement had
not boon made. The electricians working in the shipyards, who had not been
I called out by tho union, had quito a
I job to persuade men of other crnfts
',that thoy were not scabbing, but the
locnl was not nnxious to tie up the
(Continued on page 8)
sense that Mr. Gompers and his friends
supported Perham in the race against
Rickert and fought for James Wilson,
president of the Pattern Makers,
ngninst Fischer. The Carpenters,
Bricklayers, Teamsters ond a majority
of the United Mine Workers backed
thc winners in both eases.
Mahon Holds Balance
The executive council is now mnde
up of (ivo men who hold tlieir offices
through the support of the combination
of big unions whose headquarters are in
Indianapolis, and live who represent the
administration, with one mun who muy
lonn to oither sido. Thnt mun is W, 1).
Mahon, head of the Stroet and Electrical Rnilwny employees. It is his misfortune thut he must choose between
the support of the present administration und the rapidly growing power
which next yonr will doubtless become
the ruling element in the couneil. His
organization depends for its strength
very largely upon the local aid of all
unions, nnd to become a balance of
power in the executive council must be
decidedly embarrnssing for him.
Ou the one side are President Gompers, Secretnry Morrison and Vice-Presidents Duncan, Valentine nnd Alpine. On
the other side arc Treasurer Tobin und
Vice-Presidents Green, Duffy, Rickert
and Fischer. Upon general policies
they will ngroe, but upon onc isBuo
they cannot ngree. The "Indianapolis
iden" is thut (he big unions must grow
bigger, grndnnlly nbBorbing their neighbors among the losser unions, while the
officers of the bigger internationals
m.uBt have more and more to Buy about
the running of the federation. President Gompers represents nn international that is nineteenth in size nmong
those which had delegatos nt the St.
Paul convention. His strength is nmong
Ihe small nnd mod him-sized organizations.
(WEST).     $1.50 PER YEAR
F.L. P.
The basis of the Street Railwaymen's and the Electricians' Demands.
South Vancouver Branch Informs Commissioner
of Its Attitude
At a meeting of thc South Vancouver
Brunch of the Federated Lapor Purty
the following resolution wns ununim-
ously endorsed:
"Whereas it is thc evident intention
of the commissioner for South Vancouver to adopt the 'contract system* for
jnnitor work in the schools of tho above
municipality, ns expressed in the columns of thc daily press dated June 17,
1 Wherus the ndoption of such a system encourages cheap and sweated
lnbor, be it*
'Resolved thnt the South Vancouver
Branoh of the Federated Labor Purty
unequivocally condemns and expresses
its disapproval of the adoption of tho
proposed system as being detrimental to
the Interests of the schools and tho interests of labor."
A copy of this resolution hns been
forwarded to the commissioner nnd it
is the intention of the Labor Party to
hold a muss meeting of residents protesting against any such system being
Carpenters 617
Eight new members were initiated by
Local 617, United Brotherhood of Curpenters, ut regular business nieeting,
reports Secretary J, It. Campbell. No
provision having been mnde by the
management of the Labor Tomplo for
using other light thnn B. C. Electric,
the locul used enndles nud refused to
burn the unfair juice. The local voted
to full in lino for the general strike, I attitude  after his
Men Will Remain at Work
Pending Investigation
to Be Made
After considerable trouble the Masters and Mates, members of thi
Canadian Merchant Service Guild, hnve
been grunted a Royal Commission to
enquire into thc conditions surround
ing their employment.
Official notice of tho appointment of
tho coitamission was received by Mr,
J, H. McVety, the men *s representa
tive, on Thursday afternoon.
. The commission will consist of M. W
E. Burns, barrister; Mr. E. A. James
formerly genernl mmmger of the Canadian Northern Ruilway, and Mr, J. H,
McVety, who was chosen by the men
to represent them in uny conciliation
The men declnre that they fully up
procinte what the tyJng up of const
shipping would meun, mid it is on th
account that they have continued n*
gotiutions ns long ns they hnve. They
point out thut they want conditions
more equul to those of Sound points,
Fur instnncc, ns un illustration, they
point out thnt the muster of the Sophia receives $220 n month, while the
masters on every ship sailing from
Senttle to Alaska receives $300. There
is one pilot to a ship on thiB side of
the line, nnd he receives $135 n month.
Thero are two pilots to a ship at
Senttle, each drawing $200 n month.
The British Columbin mnsters stand
their watches in turn, nnd wntches are
six hours, mnking .12 hours' work per
day, The Senttle masters stand no
watches, and the wurches on their
ships ure four hours, or an eight-hour
The orgnnizntion of the Cnnndinn
Merchant Service Guild is* not designed
to destroy the owners control of their
vessels, but merely to better thc conditions of the masters and mutes.
The step tnken by the government in
appointing the commission, wns only
mnde after the Mnsters nnd Mutes hnd
arrived at the decision, that if there
wus not some attempt to doal with their
ease, either by the appointment of n
board of three, or n Ryyal Commission
bv Snturdny, they would cense work on
Wires hnve been sent during the week
putting the seriousness of the cuse up
to the Minister of Labor, nud Senator
Robertson, with the view of preventing
n tie up nf the couslwise shipping, und
it wus only Into on Thursday afternoon
that confirmation of press dispatches,
to the effect thut a commission ...ni
been  nppointed, wus received.
The owners of tho nh.umships and
tugs affected by the demnnds of thej
guild, hnve stated thui they were wiling to meet u committee of their em-,
ployees, but objected tfl n third party
being brought in. This is evidence thut
they do not desire to deal with the
men 's orgnnizntion, but the Minister of j
Lnbor could never hnve nccepted this'
itatement    to   the [
F.L P.
Woodsworth  to Speak  at
Rex Sunday—Royal
City Tonight
J. S. Woodsworth will be the speaker ut Rex Theatre meeting of the Labor
Purty on Sunday evening next. His
subject will be " Christianity and the
Labor Movement." In view of his recent resignation from the Methodist
ministry this subject jift likely to prove
of special interest whten handled by one
with so many years* of active ministerial work and experience.
Organ recital as usual at 7.30 by Mr.
Julinn Haywood, who returns from his
vncntion this week.
At New Westminster
Mr. Woodsworth  will nlso address a
Conventions Will Not Save
Them From the Wrath
to Come
The defeat of government cundidutes
in the by-elections, followed by the
election of the returnod soldier candidate, F. Giolma in the recent election
in Victoria, has evidently caused some
unrest and disquietude in the ranks of
the Liberals in the province, and it may
be that a provincial Liberal convention
will be held in the near future.
A petition calling upon the officers of
the Provincial Liberal Purty executivo
Employees Refuse to Accept
Cut and Leave Employ
of Company
Minimum Wage Legislation
May Be Reason for
This Action
The employeos, of the gentler sex, at
the Hudson's Bay Company's store
have had their wages reduced, and as a
consequence, a numbor have left the
employ of the company.
It appears that a good number of tho
sales girls in tho employ of this company have been receiving a weekly
wage., of from $6 to $8 per week, and
working on a commission basis of 2 per
cent, on sales, huve been able to make
from $10 to $14 per week in all.
Wednesday morning, however, the
change wns made, and the girls put on
a straight wage of from $9 to $10 per
week, and no commission.
Some of the girls in no uncertain voice
protested, nnd no redress being offered,
they quit.
Whether this action on thc part of
tho company is due to thc fact that the
minimum wuge for women's commission
is to bc appointed, and will decide on
whnt shnll bc the legal minimum wnge
for women in the province in the near
future, und taken to beat the girlB to
it, w-e do not know but it would nppear
to us thut it is high time that the girls
employed in stores, etc., were orgnnized,
for without organizntion, they cannot
expect to get tho best results out of the
legislation that hns been enacted in
their interests. The store clerks organization offers a haven for ull store
clerks, and Organizer Hoop is interest-
!ng himself in thiB mttter, und if the
■mployees in any store are desirous of
joining an organization that will to
some extent protect them, they should
gef in touch with him ut the Lubor
Wooden Bridgemen
The six dollnr a day wago scale for
the Wooden Bridgemen hns gone into
effect on the Pacific Coast without any
trouble.   This makes an increase of $2
Even Ruling Class Scribes
At Times Do Utter
Words of Truth
Patriotic Slaves Should Loyally Repudiate It,
Whenever a grain of truth is found in
regard to the real meaning of capitalist
property, exchange value, money, investments, bonds and credit, and tbe aetual status of the wnrkers under the
present benificent ruling class dispensation of things, amongst the chaff of
falsehood, hypocrisy, deceit, swindle,
flimflam and downright and deliberate
lying thnt usually fills the columns of
the prostitute press, it is but fair to
presume that such grains of truth have
gotten in by mistake. Nono of theso
worthy pimps and panderers to ruling
claBB interests wore ever yet known to
so far forget their loyalty and patriotism to thc ruling cult as to purposely
disclose any of the secrets that once
let out of the family closet would tend
to uncover to tho slnves of this glorious
age the facts of their slavery, and how
tbe infamy is practiced and perpetuated
upon them. When slaves outnumber
their masters probably ten to one, it becomes a matter of the utmost necessity
Hint the fnct of slavery remains hidden
from itB victims, for by no other token
could thc kingdom of rule and mastery
be held over them except by keeping
them in profound ignorance of it. And
it is by that token that the ruling class
of thc entire civilized world still holds
brutal and murderous swny over the
countless millions of abject and obedient slaves that encumber the earth with
their Bcrvile and disgusting presence,
and offend the ears of mnnhood and decency with their mucous professions ,
nnd protestations of loyalty to the class
that rulo and robB them and, incidentally, that also rules and robs those whose
ears are thus tortured. Needless to add
thut the real democrats and discipleB of
liberty, they who would have tho truth
known and the brutal and murderous
regime of slavery brought to nn end,
are helpless to bring the murder tide to
to hold a convention is now being circulated in South Vancouver. If tho
requisite number of signatures cun be
obtuined the petition will go to thnt
body, and under the constitution u con
meeting this (Friday) evening at New   vention will have to be called.
Westminster  under    the    nuspices    of      It is nearly five years now since the
thnt   brunch   of   the  Federated   Labor  provincial Liberal orgnnizntion lust met.
Party, when his subject will be "Turn
ing the World Upside Down."
Labor Day Arrangements
Arrangements are b'sing made with n
view to the bedding of a big Field Duy
under tbe nuspices of the Federated
Labor Party on Labor Dny. It is proposed to run nn excursion to Nannimo,
and it is hoped to have the co-operation of New Westmintler, South Vnncouver and thc city brunches, together
with un ussembly of the Island membership nt the sume point. Further particulars will appear later.
Nanaimo Brunch held u meeting lust
Snturduy, which was addressed by J. S.
Woodsworth. I.uter i/i tlie yeur it is
the intention to arrange for speakers
to cover several point.* on the Islnnd
nt one visit.
Scab Bums Out Boiler
The B. C. Munufacturing Company
of Westminster will possibly have to
replace a brand new boiler thnt wns
installed this year owing to the fact
that they refused to meet the recent demnnds of thc Steam and Operating Engineers. The union member walked
out June 'AQ and wns replaced by iho
pany with u non-union engineer who
by the end of the week had succeeded
in burning out the (toiler. It needs a
few of these happenings to mnke the
mill owners realize Hint it pays to hire
onion help.
Pntronize B. C. Fedorationist advertisers, nnd tell them why you do so.
The organization is said by Liberals to
be morely u convention-culling body. At.
the last convention at Victoria it drew
up a platform, upon which the party
candidates based their plcns in the general election of 1010, elected tlieir officers und un executive und passed quietly into repose. Only onc of its committees, the provincinl organization
committee, has been in nny wuy active
Vancouver in Favor
Although the petition, it is said, is
being circulated In South Vancouver, it
is understood that it is being fathered
by a section of the purty in Vancouver.
There hnve been frequent demnnds for
a convention during the past twelve
months. At the time of the death of
the late Premier Brewster, there wns
ii desire thut a convontion be called to
choose a leader for the pnrty but the
ministers themselves settled the ques-
selecting Hon. John Oliver to
be their leader.
Liberal Party
There cnu be no doubt thnt the Liberal Purty, us well as the Conservative
Party, sees the writing on the wall, and
the culling of a convention will not delay the lime when tho workers will, us
they did in Victorin, throw over the
old political parties. With tho element
that is steadily growing in the returned
soldiers organizations, and which realizes the emptiness of tho promises of
tho old political parties, nnd tho growing desire on tho part of the workers
i'or a real administration instend of a
,.,.*,„,o.   iu.n nm*™ un mcrtjuse oi fni-a Htop HU ]ong ag the minions of slaves
per day and a reduction of one hour | persist in wallowing in their own filth
nnd ignorance, a filth and ignorance
carefully cultivated for them by their
musters and fed into their silly mental
craws through the foul Bowers of a
presB designed for the especial purpose
of smothering the truth and perpetuating thnt which is false.
gained in one year by the organization. The men now have an eight-hour
dny at a six and seven-dollar scale.
The following officers were elected to
office for tho second half of 1918:
President, A. C. Stewart; vice-president, ft. J. Green; recording secretnry,
F. F, Harrison; business agent, A. K.
Robertson; trustees, W. Mercer, G.
Shaw, R. Dixon; dolegates to Trad*
nnd Lnbor Council, J. W
Truth by Accident
But nccidents do sometimes happen,
even in the best regnlnted fnmilies.   A
grain   of  wheat   may  bo  occasionally
Lumb    VV; I("1""' "'"'d iUi- chuff.    Tools nnd children sometimes speak Umi which is (rue.
| When puid scribes do su, however, when
I they are paid for lying only, it can be
[attributed solely lo their own ignorance
of   what   thev   nre  doing  nnd   snying.
I When their bad breaks get info the columns of the prostitute press for which
they sell iheir dirty little souls nt  so
much  per column or line,  it  cun  only
linppon whon tho management is peculiarly dull and shortsighted.     When  a
grain of truth does so happen in gel by
it would appear to be the duty of every
Eight Idle Ways in Victoria |""r,,il"«""•••'."■ •?.1'0,*"lri","f'","""'"
° rf » jt and  rCCOgmzc it. lo do whnt lie can
In  cram   it   down   the  throat   of  such
slaves ns he can reach und ascertain if
possible how  they like the teste of it.
One marked [ ulinrity of the confirmed
nnd constitutional slave is thnt he will
believe anything lie rends in his mnsters press, no mutter whether it be true
or not, hut he will repodiute it with
scorn if it is found in u Lubor paper,
or is told him by one of his own economic tribe, no mutter if it be unquestionably ns true us the gospel of Holy
A Slip of the Tongue
Shipyards—I. M. B. Holds
Up Shipbuilding
The Victoria Metal Trades Council
is to hold a monster parade on July
20 na a protest against the idle ways
in  the shipyards in lhal   city.
It is expected tbnt the returned soldiers organizations will take part in
the parade.
Much speculation has been rife in
the capital city for some timo now,
ns to why no keels arc being luid, und
the current ideu is thai thc I. M.
Board, wooden shipbuilding department, is to blnine for the impasse, as
il is understood that it' the yards were
in the hands of private copnuies, us
they wen- before ihe 1. M. B. programme wus started, thnt they could
get ull the contracts they wanted, and
ropontod enquiries have been made as
to whether the linns in question could
lake nnv orders, but owing lo the yards
being controlled by th» I. M. B.,'Ihey
huve  hud to refuse conl nuts.
which wns boing talked of in conncc
tion with the B. C. Electric trouble.
The 500 membership mark has been
reached by thc local. The following
officers were elected and installedi
President, M. McKenzie; vice-president, C. Scott; financial secretury, Geo.
Thom; recording seeretary, J. R.
Campbell; conductor, D. McDonald;
warden, C. Duncun; trustees, J. Johnson;   business   ugent,   Wnlter   Thomas,
Machinists 777
Seven new members were initiated nt
a well attended meeting. The local donated $25 to the striko fund of the
Bakers. The local nlso voted to bnck
up the employees of the B. C. Electric.
The following members wero nominated
for the position of officers of District
Lodgo No. 78, comprising Vnncouver,
Victorin and New Westminstor: P.
Bongough for president, C. Edwards
for vice-president, and G. BrookB of
Lodge 182 for secretary-treasurer. A
specinl mooting will bc held Saturday
ut 2.30 to discuHB very important b.isi-
press a week or so ago, which was to
the effect that employers were to blame
for a good many of the strikes by not
grunting the men thc right to orgnn-
ize, and thut they hnd no right to
take this stand.
Now that the eommission hns been
nppointed, thc men will continue nt
work, and it is expected lhat the commission will commence its investigations ut once.
A Kick
It hns been brought to the attention'
of The Federationist that numbers of
trades unionists are smoking Cambium
and Lu Preferencia cigars, this in spile'
of the fact that they ure not manufue-
turod under fair or union shop conditions. There are n number of local'
made cigars that nre equal to any cigar
mndo on the continent, and all union
men should see to it thnt any cigars i
that they smoke bear the union Inbel. j
Tho Cigur Makers Union nnd lncnl ci-1
gar manufacturers are advertisers in \
the Fed. Patronize union mnde pro-1
ducts and Fed. ndvertisors.
SUNDAY. July H—Sawyers and
Filers Musicians, Saw Filers
MONDAY, July 15—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electri-
cal Workers, Machinists No.
720, Tuilors Executive, Policemen,
TUESDAY, July Pi—Shoe Workers, Bookbinders, Brewery
Workers, Rnilwny Firemen,
Butchers nnd Ment Cutters,
Muchinists Ladies Auxiliary.
WEDNESDAY, July 17—Melal
Trades Council, Hotel und Kes-
tnuruut Employees.
THURSDAY. July Ifi-Trades
and Lnbor Council, Maintenance of Wuymen.
FRIDAY, July 10—Telephono
Oporulors, Granite Cutters,
Molders, Civic. Employees, Pile
Drivers nnd Wooden Bridge-
men. Railwny Ciirmen, Warehousemen.
SATURDAY, July 20—Blacksmiths, Bakers.
and ihe growth of tin
ibor Party in the province
not fnr off when both tin
parties will be driven intt
one camp, nnil the political align
I will be botwecn the workers ol
province and the vested intorests
■d Ihe dny.
Kederated I
the time is
old political
Ihe one mi
Hotel and Restaurant Employees
Tho new wage scab- has been successfully negotiated with Vancouver eating
i houses with the exception of the Pin-
' neer, Main tyres nud Macleods oufes
nnd the Hustings Lunch. Several reports have been made of men wearing union bullous eating nt these plaees
and business agenis and secretaries ure
urged to pluce this matter before their
respective .inions. Business Agent. Mac*
Ken sic suggests that all unions having
occasion to advertise unfnir plaees of
business should combine their efforts
towards getting out a dodger containing the mimes of all these firms for
distribution at union meetings. The:
local is arranging for n moonlight ex-1
enrsion to Bowen Islnnd for the hitter j
end of this month.
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
Twenty-live new members were nd
united to membership at the busines:
meeting of the Teamsters and (.'limit'
fours. The local 'Ven| on record ii
favor of n strike In connection with
the B. C\ Electric troublo. Ono hundred dollars was donated to the Bnkers
strike fund. It is expected thnt the
new wnge agreement presented to the
Ico companion will be successfully negotiated. Secretary .Showier has met
with success in launching u locul iu
Victoria. A charter has boon sent for
and the locnl will meet in thc K. P.
Hall every Tuesdny until further notice.
New Officers Local 872, U.M.W.A.
The following officers were elected
\\>r the second half of 1018 nt u recont
meoting of Local H72, United Mine
Workers of America: South Wellington, B. C, president, James Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; secretary, James Pearson; finaacini secretary, William Macdonnbl; treasurer, ,7.
IL Richardson; The local hns changed
its meeting night to every ilrst Sundny
in  Ihe month at .'1 p.m.
Donations to Bakers
The Bakers Union desires to acknowledge receipt of the following
sums towards their strike fond: Boilermakers $100, Teamsiers and Chauffeurs $100, Steam aud Operating Engineers $25, Barbers V nion $ 10, M a
ehinists 777 $25.
The "Union Bakery" will be supplying grocers with brend commencing
Friday. Ask your grocer for union-
made brend. Ogden Bakery at wnler
front fUoughlun's) is making liis pics,
cakes and bread with union help, The
London Bakery  will  deliver brend  to
Paper Mill Workers
After being out on strike for four
days the members of the Pulp, Sulphite end Paper Mills Union at Powell
River, who struck on July 2 for increased wages nnd recognition of tlio
union, returned to work Saturday morning  with   the demnnds granted.
" Estimates of our industrial forces
range from 35,000,000 to 40.000,000
nnd in Ihis connectiJn it is necessary lo remember thftt no help can
bo expected from i in migration,
which was o.ir greatest source of
supply prior lo the inception of the
world Btrugglo. The wealth of the
Is increased annually by
billions of d( liars, and the
per capita saving, figured in ferms
of labor, enn be approximated ul
one  thousand  dollars  por annum,
For  the purpose  of  wur,   the  gov-
ermnciil will require $80,000,000,
nno this year, or on 'half our added
resources.   The iirgenl need for thn
conservation ol the resources of the
nntion is thorcforo self ovldont, nnd
1      fortv
• br
I Hint if all
destroyed, Labor
create valies, but
means the end of
it must In
properly     were
could speedily ro
Labor destroyed,
The above is clipped from fin nrlicle
in tho New York Evening Post, of July
20, written by A. L. Libmiin nnd run
under the caption; "Vital Necessity of
Safety to Industry and Property.'*' Of
course, The Eedorutioiiist has frequently pointed out that Ihe workers constitute ull there is of real property in
the world, and that this property produces all lhal from which these slnves
drnw their meagre sustenance nnd their
owners and musters thrir luxurious living, and fat dividends in the shape of
sacred figures upon slips of paper or
ponderous bank tomes But becu.ise
The Federationist thus declares is no
reason why its declarations need carry
any weight with peripatetic wage anils and such like property. Not iu tho
least. But when the dame declaration
omes from such an eminent nuthority
s u great daily paper, even though it
slipped through its columns by accident,
it certainty should be nccepted us the
law and gospel by any slave mentally
equipped to worthily wear the chains of
1: servitude. Whatever his masters
tell him through their ofliciul channels,
the slave is bound to believe, no mutter
f he knows it to he fnlse. This also
holds good if he knows if to be true,
thnt is unless he is stubbornly determined to protect his mnster's interests,
(Continued on  Page S) PAGE TWO
Clark's Pork and Boans,
3 for v 26c
Sardines, 3 for ...'.  25c
Seeded Baisins, 3 for 25c
Clark's Potted Moat 3 for 25c
Yeast Cakes, 5 for  26c
Not a Seed Baisins, 2 for.. 25c
Custard Powder, 2 for 25c
Finest Compound Lard, reg.
35c tb. Saturday only, 2
lbs. for  65c
Seeded Baisins, 16-oz. pkg.;
2 for   26c
Libby's Olives, 3 bottles.. 30c
Slater's  Bed  Label Tea;
reg. 45u lb. for per lb. 40c
Crisco, per tin   35c
St. Charles Milk, large cans
2 for  25c
Salmon, lurgo cans   16c
Wild   Bose   Flour,   in   10*
lb. sacks   60C
111 5-lb. sacks   36c
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
July Clearance
Sale Starts Saturday
Everything Reduced
"The Store That's Always Busy"
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Is operating a convenient train service in well-ventilated and comfortable
conches from North Vancouver depot to this popular watering pluce.
Tho beach and extensive park grounds ore froe and open to the public.
Tho rido to Horaeshoo Bay is of itself a striking feature of a day's outing.
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Depot adjoining Forry Wharf, North Vancouver.
Timetable will be mailed on application to Passenger Department, 404
Welton Block.   Seymour 9547.
y AuifioMiyo
 tear Makers' Intcindtion-sl Union ot Amend
•s /-..-..iv -t „  Union-made Cigars. i
\\fS. p*«8J, »*'2^)TO'MiN^i-«i*«.,»ii..i»».»*«d,*,1[ii4DB«M»«.
■«*■/**£■;* V-l     ^-tWO'^ECKMMllERl'KmNtlPOyiuMON** *.«■*.*., j.ojir.l»*9* ,t..\,t folKl-d
l*-lr*nni^ -I   ,*',*'-:**i *■'"'* ■■.v.**:*..!,*!',■*,;*:■•.am*-*' ynitoun   ?•«.**«,.-.-
NEBgy Si -,r f3 i. ■
,*- ^—~ J il UiA4Ui*i, PmiJm.
Carabana and La Preferencia do not carry this label
The Six Cent Fare
Is now in vogue in these cities:
City. Population
St. Louis  :.... 75",.I0I>
Montreal    720,000
Kunsns City   2!>7,84S
Portland, Ore  2D5,*UiO
Now Hnvon   14I),(I85
Fall lliver   128,800
New Bedford   118,158
Brldgoport   121,5711
Lowoll   113,218
'Hartford  110,000
Heading   100,381
Lynn   102,125
Lawrence   100,500
Wuterliury   80,1173
Wilkesbarre  70,7711
Erio   75,105
Brockton   07,410
New Britain
Haverhill  ....
Lexington  41,007
Stamford   35,110
Merideu   34,183
Nashua   27,327
Norwalk   20,800
Middloton   22,700
Potlsvillo   22,028
Torrington   10,507
Aimonia   10.704
ltutland   14,831
Nlillgiiutuok   14,003
Dover   13.272
Meudville   13,802
The nickel could no longer pay the cost of street of
street car service.
British Labor Comes Forward
*+*       —WITH—      ***
Programme of Reconstruction
(Continued frnm Last Issuo)
It is accordingly the duty of the government to adopt a policy of deliberately and systematically preventing the occurrence of unemployment, instoad of
(as heretofore) letting unemployment
occur, and then seeking vainly and expensively, to relieve the unemployed.
It is now known that the government
can, if it chooses, arrange tho public
works und orders of national departments and local authorities in such a
way as to maintain the aggregate demand for labor in tho whole kingdom
(including that of capitalist employers)
approximately at a uniform level from
yoar to vear; and it is therefore a pri- ,, .
niary obligation of the government to W *** P*** or.cl.llH.8
prevent uny considerable or widespread
fluctuationa iu thc totul numbers employed in times ot* good or bnd trade.
But this is not all. In order to prepare for the possibility of there being any unemployment, either in the
course of demobilization or in the (Irst
years of peace, it is essential that the
government should nftike all necessary
preparations for putting instantly in
hnnd, directly or through the local authorities, such urgently needed public
works as in) the rehousing of the population alike iu rural districts, mining
villages nud town slums, to the extent
possibly of a million new cottages and
ait outlay of 300,000,000 sterling; (b)
the immediate mnking good of the
shortage of schools, training colleges,- t_ ,
technical; clerical and administrative \^}n n"
stall's; (c) new roudB, (il) light railways; (e) the unification and reorganization of the railwny and canal system; (f) afforestation.; fg) the reclamation of land; (h) tho development and
better equipment of dir ports and harbors; (i) the opening up of access to
Innd by co-operative small holdings nnd
in other practicable ways. Moreover,
in order to relieve any pressure of an
overstocked labor market, ihe opportunity should be taken, if unemployment
should threaten to become widespread,
(a) immediately to raise the school-
leaving age to 10; (b) greatly to increase (he number of scholarships and
bursaries for secondary and higher education} and (c) substantially to shorten
the hours of labor of all young persons,
even to u greater extent than the eight
hours per week contemplated in the
new education bill, in order to enable
them to attend technical and other
classes in the daytime. Finally wherever practicable, the hours of adult labor
should be reduced to not more than
4S por week, without reduction of the
standard rntes of wages. There can
be no economic or other justification for
keeping any man or woman at work
for long hours, or at overtime, whilst
others are unemployed.
Social Insurance
Against Unemployment
In so far as the government fails to
prevent    unemployment—whenever    it
finds it impossible to discover for any
wilUng worker, man or woman, a suitable situation at tho standard rate—tho
Labor Party holds that tho government
must, in thc interest of tho community
as a whole, provide him or her with
adequate maintenance, either with such
arrangements  for    honorable    employ*
ment or with such useful training ns
may be found practicable, according to
age, henlth and previous occupation. In
many ways the best    form    of   provision for those who must be unemployed, because thc industrial organization
of the community so far breaks down
ns to be temporarily unable to sot them
to work, is the out-of-work benefit afforded  by a well  administered trade
union.    This is a special tux on thc
trade unionists themselves which they
have voluntarily undertaken but toward
which they have a right to claim a public  subvention—  a  subvention   which
was actually   granted   by   parliament
(though only to thc extent of a couplo
of shillings or so per week) under Vnrt
II of the insurance act.   The arbitrary
withdrawal by the government in 1915
of this statutory right of   the   trade
unions wus one of the leust excusable
of the wnr economies; und the Labor
Party must insist, on the reusinp'tion of
this subvention  immediately after the
war censes, nnd on  its  incrense to at
least  half the amount spent in ont-of-
work benelit.    The' extension of stnte
unemployment insurnnce to other occupations    may    afford    »    convenient
mothod of providing for such of the
unemployed, especially in the case  of
badly   paid   women   workers   und   Ihe
less skilled men, whom it is difficult to
organize   into   trnde   anions.    But   the
weekly rnte of the stato unemployment
benefit   needs,  in  these  days of  high
prices, to be considerably raised; whilst
no  industry  ought   to  be c.ompulsorily
brought   within   its  scope  against   the
declined will of the workers concerned,
ami especially of their trade unions,  In
one  wny or another  remunerative employment   or   honorable   maintenance
must be found for every willing worker, by hnnd or by brain, in bnd times
as well as iu good.   It is clear lhat, in
the twentieth century, there musl be no
question of driving the unemployed to
nnything obsolete anil   discredited   us
■ other private charity,   with    its   hup-
hazard and ill-consiuoroil doles, or the
poor law, with the futilities and barbarities of  ils "slono  ynrd," or  Us
"ablebodied  test   workhouse."    Only
ou the basis of a universal application
of the policy of the national minimum,
affording    complete    security    against
destitution, in sicknofii and  henlth,  iu
good   times  and   bad   alike,   lo   every
member   of  the   community,   of   whatever ajje or sex, eau any worthy social
order bc built up.
Democratic Control of Industries
The universal application of the policy
of the national minimum is, of course,
only the first of tlie pillars of the house
that the Labor Party intends to see
built. What murks o.T this party most
distinctly from nny of Ihe other politicul parties is its demand for the full
nud genuine adoption of the principle
of democracy. The flrst condition of
democrncy is olTeeth') personal fre-e-
dom. Tliis has suffered so mnny en-
erouchuients during the wur thnt it is
necessary to stnte with clourness thnt
tlie complete removal of all the wur-
tlnto restrictions on freedom of speech,
freedom of publication, freedom of the
press, freedom of travel, und freedom
of choice of pljice of residence and kind
of employment m.ist tnke place the dny
after peace is declared. The Lnbor
I'nrty declares emphatically ngninst any
continuance of the militnry service nets
a moment longer than the imperative
requirements of the war excuse. But
individual freedom is of little use without complete political rights. The Lnbor
■Party sees its repeated demands largely
conceded in the present representation
of the people act, but not yet wholly
satisfied. The party stands, us heretofore, for complete adult suffrage, with
not more than a three months' residential qualification, for effective provision for doctors to vote, for absolutely
equal rights for both sexes, for the
same freedom to exercise civic rights
for the "commoa soldior" us for the
officer, for shorter parliaments, for the
complete abolition of the House of
Lords, and for a most strenuous opposition to any new second chamber,
whether elected or not, having in it uny
element of heredity or privilege, or of
the control of the House of Commons
But unlike the
Conservative and Liberal parties, the
Labor Party insists on democrncy in industry as well as in government. It
demands the progressive elimination
from the control of industry of the private capitalist, individual or jofnt-
stock; aud the setting free of all who
work, whether by hand or by brain,
for the service of the community, and
of the community only. And the Labor
Party refuses absolutely to believe
that the British poople will permanently tolerate any reconstruction or perpetuation of the disorganization, waste
and inefficiency involved in the abandonment of British industry to a jostling crowd of scpnrate private employers, with their minds bent not on tlio
service of the community but—by the
r being—only on the
utmost possible profiteering. What the
nation needs is undoubtedly a great
bound onward in its aggregate productivity. But this can not be secured
merely by pressing the manual workers to more strenuous toil, or even by
encouraging the "captains of industry" to a less wasteful organization of
tlieir sovaral enterprises on a profit-
making basis. What the Lubor Party
looks to is a genuinely scientific reorganization of the nation's industry, no
longol' deflected by individual profiteering, on thc basis of tlie common ownership of the means of production; the
oqui table sharing of the proceeds
among all who participate in any capacity and only among these, and the
adoption, in particular services and occupations, of those systems and methods
of administration and control that may
be found in practice best to promote
uot profiteering, but the public interest.
...July 12, 1918
Immediate Nationalization
The Labor Pnrty stands not merely
for the principle of the common ownership of the nation's land, to bo applied
as suitable opportunity for the immediate nationalization of railways, mines,
nnd thc production of electrical power.
We hold that the very foundation of
any successful reorganization of British
industry must necessarily be found in
the provision of the utmost, facilities
for transport nnd communication, the
production of power at tho cheapest
possible rate, and the economical supply of both electrical energy nnd coal to
every comer of tho Kingdom, Hence
the Labor party stands unhesitatingly
for thc national ownership and administration of the ruilways and cunals,
and their union, along with harbors and
roads and the posts and telographs—
not to say also tho great lines of steam
ers which could at once be owned, if
not immediately directly managed in
dotail, by the governmont—in a united
national servico of communication and
transport; to bo worked unhampered by
capitalist, private or purely local inter-
eats (and with a steadily increasing
participation of the organized workers in tho management, both central
and local), exclusively for thc common
good. If any government should bo
so misguided as to propose, when peaee
comes, to hand tho railways back to
the shareholders, or should show itself
so spendthrift of the nation's property
ns to give theso shareholders nny en-
larged frnnchiso by presenting them
with the economies of unification or the
profits of increased railway rates, or so
extruvugunt as to bestow public funds
on the re-equipment of privately owned
lines—nil of which things aro now be
ing privately intrigued for by the rail
wny interests—the Lnbor Pnrty. will
offer nny such project Ihe most strenuous opposition. The railways und
canals, like the roads, must henceforth
belong io the public, and to the public
iu the production of electricity, for
cheap power, light and heating* this
country has so far failed, because of
so-called private interests, to tnke nd-
vantngo of science. Even in the largest cities we still "peddle" our electricity on a contemptibly small scale.
What is ealled for, immediately after
the war, is thc erection of a score of
gigantic "super-power stations," which
could generate, nt incredibly cheap
rates, enough electricity for tlio use of
every industrinl establishment and
every private household in Great Britain, the present municipal und joint-
tock electrical plants being universal-
y linked up and used for local distri-
•utinn. This is inevitably the future
if electricity. It is plain that so great
nnd powerful an enterprise, nll'eetiiig
every Industrial enterprise und eventunlly every household, must not be nllowed to puss into the hands of private capitalists. They arc already pressing the govornment for the concession,
and neither Uie Liberal hor the Censor-
vntive pnrty hns yet made up its mind
to n reLisnl of such r\ new endowment
of profiteering iu whnt will presently
be the lifo blood of modern productive
industry. The Lubor Purty demnnds
thnt the production of electricity on
tho necessary gigantic scale shnll bo
made from the start (with suitable nr-
laagoments for municipal co-operation
in local distribution) a nntional enterprise, to bo worked exclusively with the
object of supplying the whole Kingdom
with the cheapest possiblo power, light,
and heat,
But with rnilways and the generation of electricity in the hands of the
public it would bo criminal folly to
lenve to the present 1500 colliery
compunies the powor of "holding up"
tho coul supply. These are now nil
working under public control, on terms
that virtually afford to their shareholders a statutory guaranty of thoir swollen Incomes. The Lnbor Purty demands
the immediate nationalization Of mines,
the extraction of conl nnd Iron being
worked ns u public service (with a
steadily increasing pnrtlcipntion in the
management, both central and local, of
the various grades of persons employed), nnd tho whole businoss of the retnil distribution of household coal being
Undertaken as a local public service by
the elected municipal or county councils.   And thero is no reason why cool
should fluctuate in price any more than
railway fares, or whj the consumer
should be made to pay any more in winter than ia summer, or in one tpwn
than another. What the Labor Party
wojld aim at is, for household conl of
standard quality, a fixed and uniform
price for the whole Kingdom, payable
by rich and poor alike, as unalterable
as tho penny postage stamp.
But the sphere of immediate nationalization is not restricted to these great
industries. We shall never succeed in
putting the gigantic system of health
insurance on a proper footing, or securo
a clear field for tho beaeficiont work of
the friendly societies, or gain a froe
hand for the necessary development of
the urgently called for ministry of
henlth uud the local public health service, until the nation expropriates the
profit-making industrial insurance com
panies whicli now so tyrannously exploit the peoplo with their wasteful
honse-to-ho.ise industrial life insuranco
Only by sjch an expropriation can we
secure the universal provision free from
the burdensome toll of weekly pence, of
the indispensable funeral benefit. Nor
is it in any sense a "cIobs" measure.
Only by the nssumption by a stato de-
purtment of tho wholo businoss of lifo
insurnnce cun the millions of policyholders of nil classes be completely protected agninst the possibly calamitous
results of the depreciation of securities
und suspensions of bonuses which tho
war is causing. Only by this moans can
the grent Staff of insurnnce agents find
tlieir proper place as civil servunts,
with equitable conditions of employment, compensntion for any distiirbnnco
and security of tenure, in a nationally
organized public service for the discharge of the steadily increasing functions of the government in vital statistics and social insurance.
In quite another sphere the Labor
Pnrty sees tho key to temperance reform in taking the entire manufacture
and retailing of alcoholic drink out of
the hnnds of those who find profit in
promoting tho utmost possible consumption. This is essentially a case in
whicli the people, as a whole, must ns-
sort its right to full and unfettered
power for dealing with the licensing
question in accordance with local opinion. For this purpose, localities should
have conferred upon them facilities (a)
to prohilbit the salo of liquor within
their boundaries, (b) to reduce tho number of licenses und regulate the conditions under whicli they may be held,
and (c) if a locality decides that li
censes are to be granted, to determine
whether such licenses shall bo under
private or any form of public control,
Other main industries, especially those
now becoming monopolized, should bc
nationalized as opportunity offers.
Moreover, the Labor Party holds that
the municipalities should not confine
their activities to the necessarily costly
services of education, sanitation und
police: nor yet rest content with acquiring control of the loal water, gas, electricity and tramways; but that overy
facility should be afforded to thom to
acquire (easily, quickly and cheaply) all
the land they require and to extend
their enterprises in housing and town
planning, parks und public librnries, tho
provision of music und the organization
of recreation; and also to undertake,
besides the retnlHng of coul, othor ser*
vices of common utility, particularly the
local supply of milk, wherever this is
not already fully and satisfactorily or
ganized by a co-operative society.
(To be continued next week)'
Mine   Owners   Trying
Make Life Bearable
for Employees
Prank Flood, well known mino owner, always went on tho theory that tho
man who goes down in un elevator at
7 n.m to work iu a mine is just as human and entitled to just as much consideration us the man who goes up in
an elevator at il a.m. to work ia nn
ofiiee. He even figured that the miner
was entitled to a little more consideru-
tion thun tho office mnn, because the
minor did hurder work in a gloomier
place, Bay's Every Week Magazine.
Even when Frank wus plugging
away with pick and shovel for 12 long
hours u day in a lead und zinc mino,
200 foot under the state of Oklahoma—
when he was crawling out at dusk,
washing up, changing clothes, walking
live miles to his boarding house nnd
arriving just In time to oat supper and
tumble into bed so ho could got up at
5 a.m. and get buck lo work ut 7—
even theu he believed there wus something wrong iu the system.
Flood watchod the other fellows who
woro doing tho samo thing. Ho discovered that tho averngo lifo of his
kind wns nbout seven years. And he
then nnd there put himself publicly on
record ns favoring a six-lnur duy instend of a soven-ycur lifo.
"And," suid Flood, "if I evor got
to be owner nud boss of nny business,
that system goes in." A man, he said,
would do more and better work in six
hours, with n chanco to rest und play
and bo human n little between-times,
thun nnother man working 12 hours,
with no time to himself.
Well, hero is Flood (tho fat ono) in
his own mino, with one of his own four
six-hour shifts of workmen. Tho work-
liien livo iu houses Flood built and furnished for thom; they work two hours
less a day than nny othor miners in the
district, get a few dollars a week more
for it, stop and rest when they're tired,
wear good clothes bought at Flood's
store at cost, draw full pay when sickness bothers them, got pensions when
they're old, know thnt if nnything
huppens to thom their wives nnd
youugstors will bo well tuken care of—
and produco moro lead and zinc for
Flood, proportionately, than any othor
group of minors in tho district.
Flood seems to bo the one of that
small and select group of choico souls
who can make a lot of money und be
happy.—Daily Union Record.
To Victoria Readers
If you happen to bo in need of nn
extra copy of Tho* Federationist, or if
you know of somebody who wants a
copy of thc paper nt any time, wo toko
this opportunity of informing you thnt
the paper is on salo at Greonhaugh's
News Stand, corner Government and
Yates, uud ut Lclloy's News Stand at
020 Oovernment Street.
Patronize B. C. Fedorationist advertisers, and toll them why you do so.
Vocational Training the Subject Discussed—Another Meeting
to Be Held
Tho special committee of tho B. C.
Federation of Labor, which was formed
to deal with returned soldier problems,
held a meeting with representatives of
tho vocational training department of
tho Hospitals Commission on Monday
The vocational training department
was represented by Captain Foster and
Mr. Earl.
The Foderation was represented by
D. McCallum, W. R. Trotter, C. E. Herrott, D. McDermott and A. S. Wolls.
The question dealt with was tho one
of training the roturned men in vocations suitable to the disabilities undor
which they aro placed, and tho manner
in which this training should be carried
on, tho goneral opinion being that
trade schools was not a suitable means
of training.
Another meeting of the committee
will be hold on Monday next at which
moeting tho representatives of Victoria
aud Now Westminster aro to be prosent. A comprehensive schemo is under consideration, which will prevent
tho exploitation of tho roturned men by
unscrupulous employeiB, and at tho
same timo provide for the placing of
the men in industries which it is considered will bo most likely to provide
thom with a moans of employment after
the training period iB ovor.
Two Good Sellers
Harry Sibblo is boosting tho saleB of
Tho Fedorationist on tho stroots of
Vnncouvor. Last week he disposed of
300 copies on his two-block routo between HaBtings and Powell Streot on
Carrall. Harry Sibblo can be found on
this routo between Friday morning and
Sunday ovening and besides selling
The Federationists ulso sells many
othor radical books or pnpers.
Tho telephone proves its worth
every day. Nothing can take its
place. Whomever yon wish to speak
to, the telephone brings them, as it
were, right to yoa and you converso
easily and naturally. True, you can-
n'ot see tho person to whom you are
talking, but you recognize tho tones
of the voice, you note nil tho inflections of speech. Nothing else onnbleB
you to do this but the telephono.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
Are your eyes
t_ Defective eyes do not always
reveal themselves by visual
shortcomings- Vou mny be
able to Bee well and yot have
eyes ao defective that thoy
aro making onormous demands
upon your reserve supply of
vitality in order to carry on
the important function of seeing. If you suffer from nervousness or functional derangements, sluggish liver, incompetent kidneys, poor digestion—the fault, may be with
the eyes.
<g The proper glasses ground to
correct the refraetivo error of
your eyes, will infallibly restore normal health in such
cases. Tho scientific examination of the oyes and the grinding of lenses is my life-long
profession. I have hore all the
modern facilities and offer the
highest optical servico. My
charges are moderate.
Stymour 1993
Granville Optical Oo.
Below Drysdale's
Phone Seymour 7109
Third noor. World Building
—Tho only Union Shop in Vancouver—
Should be in the home of
every man-
—Phone Fairmont 2684—
J. PerllUBent O. Tarcott
Pocket Billiard
(Brauwlok-Belke Collender Oo.)
—HoedqnerUra for Onion Mea—
UDlon.Mde   Tebaccoa,   Oliari   tad
Oaly Waite Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
It is a shame, really,
that the newest petticoats have to be covered
up. They're prettier
than lots of outside
A new kind has a silk jersey top, so a skirt fits close,
and the bottom is taffeta or
messaline; all cut and tucked and frilled in new ways.
Priced from—
$7.50 to $12.95
Plain or Shot Taffeta Petticoats from—
$5.95 to $9.75
Hcatherbloom Petticoats at
$2.95 and $3.25
Saba Bros.
"CAe Silk Specialists
Are You a
Shi)) Carpenter?
If you nre %vou will bo intor-
ostod in lho splendid line of
tools wo huve placed in stock
for your use uud convenience,
Ship Carpenters' Adzes
Ship Carpenters' Mauls
Calking Irons
Serving Mallets
Rasp Knives
Starrett's Tools
We nre specialists in tools
for ull trndes. We will hnve
what you cun't lind elsewhere.
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
"The  Union  Shop"
Near Homer
S. T.Wallace's
Sey. 781 and 1268
Five Roses, Boyal Standard
and Robin Hood Flour; 49
ib. sack $2.70
Best quality Rolled Oats, per
sack    60c
Dairy Salt, 50-lb. sacks   65o
Tomatoes, large cans....   17o
Vegetable Soup, can    10o
4-oz.   Jelly   Powders,  large
packages    lOo
Extracts, lemon and vanilla,
3 for    25o
Baby Cream, 4 tins    25c
Fancy Eastern Butter..   SOo
Sugar, 100-lh. sacks $9.96
R. C. Soap, 6 cakes    25c
Fresh Eggs, local     58c
Fresh Eggs, Alberta Select,
pet* dozen    60c
Also fresh and cooked meats
Mail Orders Promptly
Canada Food Board Llconae Ho. I-IIBS
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Farnitare Co. Ltd.
41 BiMlfl Itreet WM
PHeteri te Tbe redenUonlal
Tke ledmlloBlit la prodeaed flea
— _.*._ tmvtvtt prim**, pj,,,,
TENTH YEAR.   No. 28
DO not permit poor teeth to spoil the pleasure of your
vacation.   Have your teeth  troubles  attended  to
Dr. Lowe's office is equipped
to do the hest olass of work
with the least possible delay.
Take your tooth troubles to Dr. Lowe.
DR. LOWE replaces lost or*missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do the work as well and
look better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe'i prices, value considered,
are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
108 Hastings St. W., Oor. Abbott.    Phone Sey. 6444
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
Many Doctor and Hospital
Bills Can Be Avoided—
by having a supply of household drugs and standard
remedies in your house.
—with these preparations handy—ready for immediate use day or night—you can take prompt action
in case of illness or injury. And a little attention
when the flrst symptom develops often goes as far
as expert attention later. See us. We carry a full
I line of drugs and proprietary medicines, and offer
them at the lowest prices.
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
406 Hastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1966 and 1966
7 Hastings Street West Seymour 3638
782 GranvUle Street Sermour 7013
2714 OranviUe Street Bey. 2311 and 1744*0
412 Main Street Seymour 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 236 and 1733-0
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and
aervice as over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street WeBt.
Wc show only Good Shoes—Shoes that
are union-made and have u splendid reputation behind thom.
These arc the kind of Shoes that ean be
relied upon. Shoes you will enjoy wearing.
We have an expert fitting service.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Union Stors
l Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental aud Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulhs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988-672 — 728 OranviUe Street, Sey, 9613
WE HAVE placed in stock this week 200 suits
for young men, 2-piece, yoke lined, at $20.00,
$22.50 and $25.00.  These are something out
of the ordinary and range from size 34 to 40.
We have the largest and best assorted line of
"SPORT" Shirts in the city, $1.25, $1.50 and $2 each.
We have complete stock of standard makes of
Summer Underwear, and are selling it at last year's
,We can save you from $2.00 to $4.00 on Boys'
Suits, and our stock is large and complete.
JWBT)       $1.50 PER YEAR
117 Hastings St. East
Left to Right Standing—E. J. Kormode, R. M. Viney, J. Price, J, White, J. Auton, J. McSnvanoy, W. Davidaon.   Sitting
—G. Hanson, T. Morgan, P. Haigh (1st vice-president); F. A. Hoov-cr (business agent), W. H. Cottrell (president),
A, V, Lofting (secretary), T. Knock (Victoria), P. Logge (2nd vice-president),, J. Corderce.
Photo takon and developed by the second vice-president, P. Logee.
Universal Military Training
Has Been Germany's
Dark Spot
[By Mrs. Mary Roberts Riiiehart]
"Had we had universal training
for two years, we should not be sitting helplessly by, losing ground
that will cost many American casualties to regain. And there is nothing thnt will so mould this republic into a groat nation as to teach it
that thc liberty it holds so dear is
not a gift, but a right that must bc
paid for. To a nation truined to
protect itself the cost of liborty is
only that of training. To a nation
defenceless thc cost of liberty is
human life. I appeal to the good
sense of the mothers of America to
demand this protection for their
[By Editor H. W. Noren, of tho Green
field, Pa., Bulletin]
This advice, Mary, is at least in harmony with thc spirit that prompted y
to name one of your books: "Long
Live the King." Universal compulsory
training is a good kiiigsuvor. Is that
why you want it?
But what is this, Mary? You sny:
"To a nation that is trained to protect
itsolf the cost of liberty is only the
(ruining; to n nation defenseless the
cost is human lifo." Was Germany defenseless? For nearly four years the
Tory press hns told us that the German
soldiors in mass formation were boing
mowed down. Just mowed down. And
the Tory press also tolls us that the
Germnn nation is the greatest military
nation on earth.
If the war hns cost Germany millions
of human livos, then universal training
has been, not their salvation, but tlieir
Why, Mary, do you look nt this universal training business only from the
kings' side? Aro kings the only ones
worth saving? You anil the kings are a
lot, I admit; but there are othors, quite
a fow of us. And believe me, Miiry, we
nro going to rid tho world of the king
post in spite of all your wishes.
Don't you think, Mary, that it* the
nine million dead eould speak, thoy
would say: "Oh, yes, universal military
training is a splendid thing for kings
and kiiisers, but it was rnther rough on
You sny: "Liborty is a right that
must be pnid for," Who owns liberty
that some one should be paid for it?
Shall pooplo pay mid the kings receive^
(ho pnymont? Shall nil tho sons of men ;
forever train to ship each other, that
kings may walk lho earth iu liborly?
Go bnck, dear Mary, lo the king-
ciirsod shores of Europo and view tin'
perfect (lower of Linivers.nl military
(ruining now iu bloom. Watch cannon
plow the Holds whore grain should grow,
and see thom plant the wooden crosses
miles on miles, where hills mid dales
wore filled with children's play and
laughter, and happy homes bedecked
(he country-side! Go nud see it now,
dear .Mary, and stay there mid walch
Ihe agony and misery mid death that
universal military training has given
You "appenl lo the good sense of tho
mothers of America lo demand this protection for their sons," the protection
that universal military training gives.
"Protection,'' Mary? What say nine
million wives nnd mothers that walk
the streets of Europo in deep mourning?
Whut kind of protection is it that takes
men out and slays thom wholesale?
What protection is it that kills the
breadwinner nnd starves his dependents?
Will the brand of protection that,
nftor a hundred years' trial, gives nothing but denth and torture, appeal to
American mothers?
This is your fatherland, but why do-
Mo it? Have Washington and Peine
and Lincoln and Garrison and Georgo
nil lived in vain? Must the holy oause
Of freedom for which they lived and
died be set aside to make room for royalty's rule by universal militarism?
Universal compulsory military (mining and liberty can not live togeth-er,
Mary. Tf one should live, the «thor
must die,
The Discrimination Against
Prominent Member of
Miners Union
Check-off and Other Matters
Need Adjusting, Are
Before Directors
Seeing no word from here lately, let
mo say wc arc still on thc map. Oh,
that Nanaimo would take a tumble. If
Nanaimo holds a proper celebration
next Labor Day, South Wellington will
be there with bells on. For somo weeks
past our locul bus been troubled with
two cases, one, tbe nppnrcnt indifference of the general manager of the company at Victoria, and the other, a cuse
wherein one of our most active members hus been—as we see it—unques*   x—_ „,. , «...b    v,y»u.y,a    <•■•
tionably discriminated against.   Ro the  meant  an  early   destruction  of  the
first case, wo*had sought an interview
with tho ehief officer of the company
for many weeks, promise nfter promise
was mado that  thc  meeting would  bo
Organizer Hoop of Retail
Clerks Addresses the
The nttendnncc of the Trades aad
Labor Council at the regular meeting
on thc 3rd inst was somewhat smaller
than usual, due to the street car men's
striko, as many of th-e members live
in the outlying parts of tho city
The meeting, however, proved interesting, as several matters of importance
wero considered. Among those who contributed to thc interest of tho meeting
was W. H, Hoop, organizer for the International Association of thc Retail
Clerks. He reviewed his experiences in
this and other citios in organizing work
nnd pointed out how evanescent was!
the enthusiasm, worked up by an organ-
izcr, staying perhaps a few weeks in
a town, unless his work wos continued
and supplemented by thoBe staying behind. Iu the caso of new organizations
and particularly those of the miscellaneous trades, the membership very
often, through lack of experience, were
incapable of avoiding    troubles    that
held "as speedily as possible"—it wns
some speed. Wo were definitely assured
of a meeting on June 27, but again no
moeting was held. Our local officora
and grievance committee who had boon
delegated to interview the head manager, together with his subordinates, tfer-
lainly hnd to Btand somo criticism for
attempting to keep the mines running,
with the head manager apparently stalling. However, tho mooting was hold on
July 2, We were desirous of having
tlio cheek-off granted us, and a propor
.   ,   - i   ., .•    *■     i     iao  uuoiE  commiuee    presented    u
ng tornion  drawn up, no such tl,,,,*. ,x-1 P«poiuHtare.
isting at present.    One case wns criven I * ..' '  -
very organization. Tho work of eon
servation had to be done by such ns the
central body of tho place. The work of
the board for fixing tho minimum wage
would commence in a few weeks and ii
was of vital importance to the Clorks
that a represontntive committeo of tho
whole should keep in close touch with
the board.
The council appointed the prosidont
and vice-president nnd the president of
the Metal Trades Council as a committee to co-operate with the Clorks iu
this work. Owing to the small attendance the election of officers was postponed until next  meeting.
The  audit  committee    presented    n
isting at present. One ense was given
evory attention, nnd we wore finally
told that tho manager would use his
evory endeavor to persuade his directors at Montreal (whom he is now meeting) to accede to our request.
Our committee was complimented for
the splendid manner in which they hnd
acted from Mme to time, when handling disputes, elc, in Ihe past, and were
told lhal if that spirit was going to
contia.io in the future in dealing will]
troubles, there was no roason why our
deands should tnd In* met, agreement,
chock-off, etc. So wc are hoping the
directors ill the Kast will have road
and digested the statement recently issued from Ottawa by tho ministor of
Labor ro employers and employees, anil
tlieir respective conducts. Tncidentally.
ue understand tho minister of Labor's
for the six months ending .Tun
showing receipts from all sources to be
$2,83,1.20, and expenditures of $2,690.55,
leaving a balance of .*U2.5o. The bal:
ance account showed assets to the
value of $072.70 and liabilities of
$80.00, or a balance of $8!>2.(i4, consisting of ensh, rents owing and furniture.
A letter from the secretary-treasurer
of the B. 0. Federation of Labor explaining the work of the committee ap*
proved at tho last convention to work
for better understanding between organized labor and the returned soldiers.
was referred  to the executive.
The organizing committoe was instructed to take stops to organize the
ntitomobilo mechanics.
A letter from the Motal Trados Conn-
position in this respect by the minister'oil  requesting investigation    into    the
of  Mines  and   minister of Labor and j death  of a young  man,   1'a.il,  at  Ihe
Gait, Ont.—Union No. 330, Boot and
Shoe Workers, has secured an advance
of 15 per cent, in 'wages for members
employed in the cutting departments,
and 10 per cent, in the othor departments.
Fatronize B. C. Federatlonist advertisers, and tell them why you do bo.
othors in Victoria. Wo shnll look-
ward to the further interview arranged
when the manager returns from Ihe
Last, with sincere hopoa that we shall
be properly rewarded I'or exerting u:;
limited patience.
During  tin1  hitorvk
July 2, the ease of on
who   had   boen   disch
taken up.    This to m
portanl case, and had
upwards of a month.
binatioa of eircumstai
trig.ie  and   many
was no opportunity
ther reinstated
The met
few  days
ting camo to adjournment
.' mentioned nn
nf oiir brothers
rgod, was also
■i was a most ini-
dragged along for
Owing to a com-
■ices, including in
her things, there
f having our bro-
Truo, thoro was a little indiscretion on said brother's part,
but Lord, the punishment, it measured
up somewhat ns follows: As the indiscretion is to thc crime, so is a pimple
to an elephant. The brother afiVcied
hnd been active in defending his fellow
man in all ways, and wc felt the company had gobbled what thoy felt an
opportunity of removing u man who in
this democratic (?) nge had sufficient
sand to demand n square deul, the crime
being more hoinojs inasmuch as he
fought for others as well as himself.
We note that many a man had been
guilty of various degrees of misdemeanor, but noae wore penalized as the
brother we speak of. Owing to the accursed throe shift systom, the morning
shift on Thursday last laid off to receive the report of the committee from
tho belated interview. Aftor the ground
was compltely covered, at the earnest
solicitation of the party affected, we refrained from taking any drastic ation.
it being felt that hnd a strike been inaugurated, the reasons for same, together with the principles involved, would
be freely advertised by the friendly tf)
pross, with obvious results to certain individuals. It was, therefore, decided to
permit the brother to Hcok pastures
anew, the local in a small way, arranging a monetary consideration. However, whilst we may be .-justifiably cri-
Botha's Firm Policy
In a speech at Pretoria to tho South
African Party Congress, says Heuler.
tion. Botha intimated his appreciation
of the fnct that South Africans had
gone to fight overseas, for thoy were
fighting fnr the liberty aud freedom of
South Africa; but there must be no
compulsion. Ho would novor agree to a
conscription mensure to force men t"
go to the front.
tieized for allowing fine progressive brother to slide out from among tts in this
manner, the muss meeting went on record most definitely thai tho same tactics will not be adopted if the company
attempts to repeat tho dose. A resolution so said effect was sent along to the
South Wellington is somewhat jealous of its reputation, which if measured by comparison, is like un oasis iu a
desert, as far as progrcssivism in this
vicinity is concerned, and we repeat oar
Intention of adopting different means
should occasion arise, which wo hope
will not. We fully appreciate the position of the couutryi but ns the minister
of Labor points out, some employers
are a little short-sighted, or hellish
autocratic. Again wo would remind the
workers nt Nanaimo and (trnnby—the
free-born British subjects in particular
—how much easier it would be for us in
South Wellington if you did ns Kip Vn it
Winkle did, woke up. Surely you have
been asleep long enough. I feel myself
a poor substitute for the party preceding mc with notes from this burg. How.
ever, until another scribe appears. T
will write occasionally if this dodges
the waste basket.
i '?2____ttlfr_____*'.rr4____h*?-' ■&_____**■ \*i___tW'*l———&\*Z———*%. ''r_____^\T-^_____^' fi
.i;t**.r^.^W&V;wfl^BSsi.*:!!*«^*^rei.*iiJ*SIWBlfi.*;*;<*i- ^.:,..^*M^^.*.-*^RIbV:;-.-n<VlH'';'L-
to onr long and iracceesfnl
of many
nil       „ ., *■••   '■■*•
Wty of Vnncouvor bb Pioneers in
tbo art of making good clothes of
standing sterling quality at
prices that you can afford. So too
wc havo ever been to the fore in
advocating and upholding the
rightB of Union Labor.
is our feature. Individual
mcanuremonts. All garments
eut to your own pattern. If
your firBt try-on does not meet
your ontire approval wo'll
amend again and again. "The
customer jb alwaya right."
Ladiea' Snits
To Order
Men's Suits
To Ordor
$45      $35
Vp Up
*& =T   Tailoring Co.
Near Old Pantages
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try ou Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
/flMlkJl Jl	
imour |
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 2617
A. S. 17. B. Carpenters
3m_   brum** ■-. _r\
Food LiceoBe
No. 6*654
IF you want good coffee,
the very best^ask for
Nabob Coffee is lho perfect
coffee in tho perfection con-
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Gents Furnishings
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workors of America"
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY July 12, 1918
Published every Friday morning by the B. C.
Federationist, Limited
A. S. Wells Manager
Offlce: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel, Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497 K
Subscription; 11.50 por year;    in Vancouvor
City,  92.00;  to  unions  subscribing
In a body, $1.00
caught him lirst. But, ns everybody
knows, our canine frieud nover enlisted in such a venture beriously. There
wus never any "grave and stern decorum in the countenance he bore,"
while engaged in the futile enterprise.
It was all done for thc purpose of
blowing off surplus stwun, us it* were,
a sort of u joy rule for the purpose of
disposing of the accumulated wealth
of energy that sane tiring and contentment of soul lind generated iu the boil
er of his being, in exooss of that re*
quislte for the expression of sober
canine conduct and contemplation. As
soon as tho little ja'g of exuberance had
been worked off thusly, old Rover be
camo again the well behaved and seri
ons minded guardian if the Household
property and honor, principally by
growling at passersby in the dny time
1018  ,u„i barking ut the moon o' nights.
T MAT bo that tho upheaval known
to history us the French Revolution      Did you ever take notice of a strike?
marked thc advent of tho "Ago of  Were you over in the immediate vie-in
"Unity of Labor:
the Hope of tbe World"
..July 12
Roason," of which Thomas Paine
ably wrote, but if either the much-reviled " infidel" or
THE AGE OF the pioneers of
CANT AND French    thought    of
HYPOCRISY. those days were ulive
now, it would be
quite interesting to know just what
thoy would be ablo to discover in human conduct and affairs now to lead
to the conclusion that reason was evor
more of u stranger to human intellect
than at present. We are told thnt tlio
lower animals are not possessed of
reasoning faculties, hut are guided in
their actions by instinct alone. Al
though the dividing line between reason
and instinct has not been as yet so
clearly defined as to tillable the into
lectual amateur to readily locate it,
oven the veriest novice nt discrimiiia
tion must admit that in no caso have
the lower and instinct-guided aniraala
mado such an execrahlc and bloody
moss of things as huve tho reason-
guided animals known as humun beings.
If thc bloody mess thut civilisation is
now wallowing in, and that spreads
its foul und evil-smelling stench to the
uttermost corners of the earth, is tho
best that nn. "Age of Renson" can do
for the human race, tlpjrc are certainly
no thanks due to the French Revolution for ushering it in, or to the renowned "infidel" for writing about it.
Most assuredly an agt of instinct, or
evon of blind chance, could not have
compounded n more disgusting and un-
suffcrnble mess.
# * •
The fact is thai, this is pre-eminently
aa age of cant, hypocrisy und humbug.
Nothing is what it appears to be.
Every profession and pretense of civilization is a He, a sham, a doceit and a
hypocrisy. Civilization itsolf is nothing but human slavery. The cornerstone upon which all of its delectable
institutions are predicated is the rule,
robbery and  torture of the  slave in
' chains to rulers and ruling classes.
Every institution that Ib allowed to
rear its head in modern civilization and
receives the favor and protection of
the powors that bo, hab its taproot running down deop into the rich swag
that ia wrung from the exploitation of
slaveB, and becomes a veritable bulwark
of defence for tho pcrpetfjlition of that
slavery from which    its   benoficiarics
. draw their material substance and
beatitude of soul. Industry, business,
trade, commerce, finance, with their attendant vulgaritios, tyrannios, exactions
and swindles are impossible and unthinkable except as impostures, iniquities, infamies, and impositions that logically follow in the loathsome trail of
slavery, the foul parent of all othor
evils that afflict and torture the human
* *        #
And what cant and hypocrisy to talk
of liberty, democracy, freedom, in the
presence of a worldwido slavery. What
impudence upon the iwirt of rulors,
tyrants, masters, owners, and their servile and sycophantic tools, apologists
and defenders, to point the finger of
scorn at other rulers, tyrants and autocrats, not a whit loss culpable than
themselves, and roundly curse and revile them in thc name of "liberty,
freedom and democracy." Thero is no
democracy, and there can be none within the confines of a civilization built
upon human slavery. Slavery, either
chnttol, feudal or wage, is a complete
and emphatic denial uf ull that is or
can be implied in the term "democracy." Liberty cannot be, where slavery
is. The shackles of slavery upon the
limbs »f human beings*, is the complete
abnegation of freedom. To proclaim
that freedom exists iu the presence of
uny form of slavery is- to proclnim that,
which is false, tl makes no difference
whether it lie called dtmocraey, liborty
or freedom, it. ennnot exist in part.
Either we nre free or wc are not.
There is no halfway house between. We
are not free "lo a lertain extent,"
as it is often put. \\'_ nre not free to
any extent so long tn we nro still
slnves ut all. Tlmt which is so loudly
proclaimed us the "democracy" of certain stntes thai are engnged in tho present, world conflict is essentially pure
humbug onee Ihe lest of real democracy is applied. The pooplo of the tf. S.,
of Oroal Britain, of Franco, aro as
complotoly in the grip of autoeracy as
are the people nf ihe Central Rmpiroa,
Rulo is rule, wherever it   mnv be exer-
ity of one of these interesting affairs
when it was pulled off? Did you evei
make uny inquiry, even a cursory one.
Into what, actually did or did not hap*
pen in connection therewith? Well if
you have not made tuch inquiry you
will have missed the fun of your life.
If you have made such inquiry nnd
escaped being urrestud for not having
any buttons left on your clothes, it
must be that you are «o devoid of ul
sense of humor that ercn a dog ener
getically und industriously chasing his
own tail would not wring a smilo from
your sour visage. We huve just had
strike here in Vancouver. The stroet
car service has been Vied up for over
a week. Nothing doing in tin- wny of
transporting the intelligent multitude
lhat is either too fat wr lazy to walk,
during ull that time, except such as wns
done by the jitneys, und during the
rash hours one would be nearly us safe
iu trying to cross the streets of this
progressive nnd delactable burg as iu
the trenches of Flanders There was
no less noise kicked up by the jitneys
than was formerly th*. case when the
street curs were running, only it wns
of ii different kind; more of u rattling
noise as it wore. But now it is all
over. The street curs nre agaiii running
and the fat and lazy are ngnin con
tributing to tho worthy cause of enab*
ling the owners und masters of a cer
tain bunch of property (out of consid
eration for the feelings of the employees of the B. C. E. Railway Company, Limited, we further refuse to
specify) to cat, drink and be merry
without expense to themselves, for an
indefinite period to come.
* ♦        *
It seems that the constantly increasing cost of living hag been evor more
persistently chasing the employees of
the railway company, thon ever a dog
chased his own tail or than his tail ever
chased him. And like the dog's tail,
the cost of living caught the victims
of its chase. They demanded more
wages and went on strike in order to
enforce their demnnd. Happily the company acceded to theii modest request
for more of the wherewith to obtain
the much needed pabulum, so earnestly
required by all anial kind. The streot
railway company has been granted permission, by the various municipalities
concerned, to advance fares 20 per
cent. The former fl\e-cent fure
Vancouvor is now six eents. We aro
not quite clear as to the percentage of
advance in wagos that has been allowed
the employoes, but it it safe to assume
that it doeB not exceed 20 per cent,
If the advance in wages is 20 per cont.
and the increase in the company's revenue, through the raiao in fares, is 20
per cent., then it logically follows that
tho not revenuo of the company will
likewise bo increased 20 per cent. For
evory $100 net previously accruing to
the ownors, thero should be henceforth
$120. For ovory $100 previously received by the employees ub wages thoy
should now get $120. The patrons of
the road seom to be the only ones who
aro to be out anything as a result of
lho strike. Both company and employees appear to be winners. Thc cost
of living instead of wickedly pursuing
both owners and employees as before,
will now turn its attention to increos-
edly harassing the poor consumers of
truasportation for their fat and lazy
carcasses up aud down thc length of the
few short streets of the city, until they,
in turn, can draw a rod herring ncross
the trail by sloughing the tantalizing
nnoynnce off onto some one olso. In
due course this will eventually go the
rounds and ramifications of this glorious game of "pass it along to father"
until the self-same owners nnd employees who havo so h«ppily composed
their differences in the simple nnd logical munner herein recounted, will again
find themselves in the interestingly
humorous situation of being onee more
compelled to ehuse th»»ir own tails in
the vain hope of beating the game.
* * *
And so the merry gnme goea on all
along thc pathway of (his most Bane,
sensible uud indeed glorious civilization
and its economic credo of skinning
nlnves and converting tlie proceeds into
Imperishable wealth iu the shapo of
figures gallantly armyid in columns
like Huns goosestopphig through   Bob
they know half as much about government, the law and ruling class justice
as they don't know about tlie status of
labor in this delectable civilization,
they would be betting doughnuts
ngainst an equul number of liberty
bonds thut not one of them will be
brought to punishment for what they
hnve done.
The pathway of the American working man should certainly be strewn with
roses, judging from the number of organizations, associations, alliances,
councils, fraternities and societies that
exist largely, if not entirely, for tho
purpose of bringing to him salve for his
physical ills and repose for his soul.
For instance, there is the federal government, the governments of the various states, the A. F. of L., the Alliance
for Labor and Democracy, and .besides
all this, there is Mr. Samuel Gompers,
Also thero is an Americnn Association
for Labor Logilsntion, though whether
that is also u Gompers inspiration deponent knoweth not. A Mr. Boudinot,
secretary of this nssociation, is evidently interested in the government's efforts
tn repair war cripples so thut they may
be able to re-enter tlie noble struggle
for "democracy" by earning their own
living or pnying their own pensions, as
you prefer. Boudinot is indeed most
enthusiastic. Like ull enthusiasts, he
cun see things quite clearly that cannot
be seen at all by less enthusiastically
equipped mortals. In referring to the
government's repair scheme, he nays,
"that the restoration of cripples to industry can be worked out so thnt it
will be a sound business proposition for
the manufacturer, a fnir opportunity
for the disabled worker, nnd nn econo
mic advantage to the community." Thnt
beats the record for enthusiasm. Thc
most that we have ever been able to
do, and wo nre some enthusiast, was to
"kill two birds with one stone," but
Boudinot mnkes it three, without turning n hair.   We quit.
The United States Fuel Administra
tion reports the bituminous eoal produc
tion in that country for the week end
ing June 15, to be ubout 12,500,000 tons,
This would bo at the rate of (SV_ tons
por year for each inhabitant, or 39 tons
per family. Now it requires no very
deep study to see that practically all of
this stupendous production of coal is
carried on purely for ruling cluss purposes, and not,for any purpose in uny
manner essential to human comfort and
well-being. And the same is truo of
ull industrial production. The immense
mileage and tonnage of land and water
transportation, with all that is implied
in the wuy of equipment and upkeep;
Ihe enormous amount of iron, stool, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, nickel and
other minerals; the billions of feet of
umber, the brick, concrete, stone and
othor buiLding materials; thc foundries,
factories, mills, shops, wharves, ships,
s well as the vast bulk of tho things
produced in connection therewith and
carted and dragged all over the face of
the earth, neither provide food, clothing
and other really essential things of life
for anybody, except as they function as
a means whereby the essential things
are taken from tho producers thereof
and made available to rulers and robbers and the long list of slaves, menials
and hirelings requisite to the carrying
on of the parasitic industry of the
aforesaid rulers aad robberB. And the
huge industrial production of which
thoughtless persons of the enslaved and
paapered class so often proudly boast,
cannot be made to perform any other
function. It is purely ruling class in
conception and purpose and for that
reason, if for no other, it cannot be
made to serve the purpose and requirements of a human society basod upon
freedom. The emancipation of Labor
from the shnckles of wage slavery and
exploitation proaupposes the abandonment of ruling class industrialism, with
its huge production and terrific exploitation, and a return to such tools and
methods of production as will enable
tho individual producers to at all times
be in command of their means of life.
In other words, be at all times able to
sMpply themselves with food, clothing,
shelter and the other essentinls at first
hand, and thus be by no means dependent upon others for either the things
of life or thc privilege of obtaining
glum,    Just   like  a'dog chasing   h
wn tail, only it is di-uo seriously und
and ponderously   nnd ' with
. arncstly nnd ponderously
clsod. It is absolute, no mattor whether such a profound und impressive molan-
11 ' '- ' ":,) ;" "  'holy uud accompanied by such a solem-
it be exercised wilh or wilhout hypo
risy. Slavos ure us ruthlessly conscripted, exploited, slniighh-rcil and maimed
in the one case as the oilier, and they
havo us little to say about it. Iu ull
the history of autocracy, whether expressed through n kniier, czar, emperor, king, saltan, miknd<. or other potentate, no groator power hns ever been
more ruthlessly wielded by autocrats,
thun is now being wielded by the governing authorities of the self-touted democracies of this glorious nge. The
reason for this is thai all rule is autocratic, in spite of all "democratic"
camouflage to the contrary notwithstanding. And all pretense of democracy, within n slave civilization, is pure
cunt and hypocrisy. The Age of Reason
hns not  yet arrived.
And  afte
DID you ever see a dog, in sheer
oxuboranco of spirits, rush madly
about in a narrow circle frantically attempting to catch his own tail!
\.. i ..■■-.._ having run himself all out
of wind how ho
would lie down nud
pant und chortle in
perfect abandon of
intoxication and* joy,
while ut tho same time keeping hie
weather eye athwart the object of his
pursuit whilst he recuperated the requisite energy to once, more vigorously
resume tho merry and at least aelf-cdi-
fying chase. While tin exuberant oan*
ine apparently chased his own tail the
actual fact is that his tail was chasing
him and it always caught up with tho
thing it was chasing. However hard
tho good dog tried to catch his tail he
ly of mien, us to muke u Presbyterian
leucon's mug look like unto Mr. Punch
in comparison. No much so in fact as
to Biirchargo the absout-mindod onlooker with the unshukublo conviction that
the participants in this tnil-ehnsing performance are, each mil all, profoundly
Impressed with thoir importance in the
great scheme of tliingb and fully conscious of the tremendous'responsibility
that divine providonce, blind fate, or
accident has thrust upon their vory
capable shoulders. But, nfter all is said
nnd done, who in all this merry throng
of serious-minded acrobats in the economic circus of class rule, hocus pocus
and monkey business, ever gets anywhoro by these tail-chasing antics? Is
uny problem ever settled by such ridiculous mentis? Are wages made any
more satisfactory, profits any less or is
the margin of security to the slnves
made greater and thc power of masters over them lessened, by all this
soriocomic stuff? Not so as you could
notice it. But of one thing wo may bc
sure. The dog chases his tail purely
fur fun. Ue is not Imbued with the
idea thut he is solving a world problem.
Let thut  be suid to his credit.
A Mockery
.n the ancient days of serfdom and
slavery .the musters, for their recreation and amusement, eustomurily set
aside one day in the yeur to celebrate
the "enthronement of slaves." They
would take u miserable slave, loose the
chains from off his limbs, put him on n
mock throne, put nn imitation crown on
his hend, und, bowing to him in counterfeit humility and obeisance, do homage to him and overwhelm him with
subservient flattery, while thc fool on
the throne would throw out his chest,
und swell with pride. But the day of
mockery over, the chains were again
clapped on his limbs, nnd tho gronning
slnve would resume his life as a beast
of burden.
Such n masque is played on the un-
awakened worker on our bog.is "Lnbor
Duy." The chuins of wuge slnvery
ire then, figurutively spenking, taken
iff his limbs, and he becomes the hero
of the day, while his mnsters the cupitulists stand before him in simulated
humility, nnd their spokesmen in the
press smother him with flattery; nnd
the modem fool. led by the lnbor fakirs
of the occasion, puffsjiis bosom with
Importance. Boi the day of fool's para-
disc over, the masters, who for the
nonce hnd stood by with but a sly smile
on their lips, burst into mocking laughter—though unheard by the slnve—and
clap the chains back on his hands and
feet. Once more he hears only the
crack of the whip of hunger nnd utter
dependence.—The International.
Fire Bosses Organize
The Fire Bosses of Coal Creek, Fernie.
have organized u local union, nnd have
applied fer affiliation with the B. O.
Federation of Lubor. Secretary Wells
of tho Federation is attending to tin*
securing of u charter from tlie Trades
Congress of Canada, Thc organization
has the endorsation of the United Mine
Workers of the Fernie  Diatrict.
A "federal grand jury" has indicted
a bunch of Arizona's leading citizens
for deporting 1200 workers from Bisbee,
in that stute, a mutter of a yoar or so
gao. This is causing some editorial
simps of the Labor press to chortle gleefully at the pleasing prospect of seeing
some of theso worthies sent to prison
for their impudence and brutality.
Thoso simps ahould not becomo unduly
never quite succeeded, because the tail I enthusiastic in their expectations.    If
Another Gnat Play it tbe Empress
For next w<.ek wo aro pr«i* -ntliiK another
tiri-nt KHsturn hiimunn untitled "Her Great
HacrlBce," which Is ono nf thiMO lovable
plays tliat hold the |ntoronl of th> theatregoer from lieninnintt to ontl| While there
are  many  (treat  scenes  out  of  the   ordinary
in this play, probably tho greateat one occurs
in tho third art. whera the sheriff is pleading for a boy's ll(« when a mob Is tryinit
to hang him (or murder he never committed.
The woman in tbe 0ft*u iu the boy's sister,
whom the sheriff loves, and so many startling olmngefl occur in rapid aiiccoaaion that
It fairly takes tb; audience's breath away
when tbe act reaction its supreme climax
Among tbo odd characters nf this extraor*
dlnary play Ih a great Mexican part and a
uniIV Western character that are roinom
bered by ull who wltri'ss the play. Ttu
entire company will bo soon ln the cast, uud
Mr. Heater ia preparing some elaborate stage
"Having carefully examined the
works of my learned predecessors,''
says Gnsorio (in a text-book of the
period 3990 A.D. for the Instruction
of the Youth), "having scrutinized for
myself several hundreds of the facsimiles of the contemporary books,
pamphlets and newspapers of that
formidable epoch, I here succinctly condense the conclusions of the most sagacious Manchurian writer."
"It is obvious that in the period
1914-1920 there were two wars going
on together continuously, viz., the outer
war between the two groups of Bellicose Powers, and the Internal War between tho Classes and thc Masses.
"Now the latter (which had boen
proceeding curcuitously for several centuries) wus like an underground flre,
suddenly interrupted nnd then intensified by the Outer War of the Nations.
"So it happened in the yoar 1914
that whon the quarrel broke out botwoen the Governments and Capitalists
of the rivul groups of Powers, the
Masses were fed into the furnace of the
Outer Wnr like logs into a baker's
oven. Why did not the Masses resist?
For the good reason that the executive
and the organizations of the Btate, the
press, etc., wore in tho Classes' hands,
and the Masses were automatically
numbered off, culled up nnd despatched
to the battlefields by the centrnl and
locnl  governing machinery.
"For tlio second reason, that us the
Masses in nearly nil hinds hnd only the
most confused ideas as to what the war
wus about, it was quite natural for
them, after being told 'the enemy is
nfter you,' to mobilize in defence of
tlieir states. In my opinion the evidence of the contemporary writers
(1914-1920) has been unjustly deprecated by the later historians, who writing nfter the events could not imagine
the stnte of terror nnd distress in
which men of nil nationalities viewed
invasion by the enemy. It is easy to
be culm when nobody threatens you,
and the Inter historian*, have, I think,
forgotten thnt the Outer War did in
fact obscure, in the first years, the fundamental issues at stake between the
Classes and the Masses.
"And I would adduce in support of
my view thc fact that all the early
steps taken by the governments to feed
tho war were such as the bewildered
peoples, at first, themselves ncquiesced
in. The press everywhere was uBcd to
Inflame the natural fears of the Musbcs
and paint the enemy as monsters beyond the pale of civilization. The sacred
war of defence, on the reverse side, wns
naturally everywhere a war of aggression. Thus it was that the Boschcs
armies defended their state in burning
Louyain and Hheims, while the Cosh-
lings found themselves protecting their
empire in uttneking Gnllipoli, Pnlestine
nnd Mesopotamia. The process by
which the armies liko huge dragons
everywhere swallowed up their peoples,
must have been semi-hypnotic like a
bou-constrictor's, who gazes nt his fascinated prey. So the Car of Juggernaut rolled on yenr after year, crushing by the million the innumerable
bodies of its victims. The few who
raised their voices in protest were silenced by force or by the cry nf 1)6-
faitisme—"You wish us then to be defeated?" What could one reply in that
barbarous nge when the most learned
men devoted their lives to inventing
nnd perfecting the moBt hideouB instruments of war, suffocating thousands
by poisonous gasos nnd sparing neither
women nor children in the annihilation
of sleeping cities.
"But though force impelled by national greed eould yoke the suffering
millions to Moloch's Car, it could not
prevent them thinking. Michitada surely exaggerates when he compares the
monstrous armies to vast prisons in
which thc flower of the nations were
confined, each man listening gloomily
for the rustling wings of the Angel of
Death. Muchitada has drawn his striking generalization from the conduct of
a minority of the soldiers on the front
of the Buriki (Russians), the Latini
(Italinns) and in a less degree of thc
Franchesi. But is is true that the
social revolutions a few years later,
that convulsed nil Europo, were born of
thc soldiers' bitter reflections in the
trenches, as well as Of the hunger-
stricken Masses at home. So steadily
there emcrgod into view the Internal
War between the Classes und thc
Masses, a wnr which culminated in the
roaring ilnmes of civil anarchy.
'It hns scorned strange to tho historians thut the governments of the
Capitalists and the Classes should have
renlized too lute the strength of the
proletariat destined to destroy them.
But the fnct that the ;>ress so long had
concealed—at the instigation of thc
governments—whnt the Masses wero revolving hud blinded both the two
bodios. one relatively small composed
of ofliciuls and the rich who, profiting
from the war, were still aggressively
patriotic, nnd the other, the vast clnss
[By W. J. Curry]
There never was a time in human history when correct analysis and constructive criticism were as essential as now.
There are evidences on all aides that
what we term civilization is soon to go
into the melting pot, and pasa through
the furnace of economic and political
strife and convulsions. What the resultant of these conflicting forces will
be none can tell but one thing is sure,
thc world will never be the same again,
in Bpite of that ostrich-like optimism
displayed by the public press.
Unfortunately for our race, the more
reactionary and bestial types of men
Btill dominate human society. The law
of the jungle still prevails; not social
righteousness, but the longest fangs nnd
sharpest claws, the deadliest poison, are
still the ambition of nations. We Btill
hear tne cry of the human wolf-pack:
"Not this man Jesus, but Barabbas,
the robber."
Some of tho blind guides who poso as
our spiritual lights can aee no furthor
than the slaughter of the "mad dogs"
of Germany, and the Christianity represented by reeking bayonets and the roar
of cannon—an Imperialistic victory
which will surely mean a military despotism and the basiB of a still more horrible war.
But it is not entirely dark. There are
rays of light coming ovon from the conventional church, and it Beoms that a
cleavage in official Christianity Ib not
far distant.
A couple of weeks ago a most unusual
sermon was delivered in one of our west
end churches ,and I can bnt congratulate the man who wns brave enough to
defy the money changers wdio control
the temple, and who had the couragato
speak ia tho interest of the toilor and
of democracy.
Out of the hundreds of men claiming
to represent tho Prine« of Pence and
I human progress, this gentleman is, ns
I far os we know, the third in Canada
who sees beyond this bloody scramblo
for territory in tho name of culture or
democracy, and who has a real social
viBion ia line with truo Christianity and
real progress. The balance stay with
the. flesh-pots of plutocracy, either because of their ignorance, or because
thoy lack the moral courage to brave
the fiery furnaco and the lion's den.
Two of the three have already been
economically scourged by tho chief
priests and financial pillars of their
church, and arc now ubout to enter tho
Labor movement. Whnt will bo the
fate of our froend here in Vancouver,
none cnn tell, but this "rending of tho
veil" is a most significant fact. This
is, however, history repeating itself.
The superstructure of society must ever
change with the shifting of the economic basis.
The Bourgeoise Revolution in which
the commercial nnd industrinl classes
overthrew the feudal regime, and in
which capitalism was enthroned, had its
mental reflex and itB spiritual transformation, expressed in the great Protestant Reformation, and today we have recently felt the first loeal shock of importance, representing the spiritual
enrthquake which will In due timo shatter the tomb of theology and result in
the real resurrection of Him who has
been crucified by tho ruling class priesthood for fifteen long centuries.
Oity Policemen
The City Poltcemcns Union is going
strong. They appear to be in the
ranks of orgnnized labor to stay and
hnve applied for affiliation in tho Trades
Congress of Canada. ThiB will mako
tho second Policemens Union to nffili-
I ate, the other being in London, Ont.
The officers of tho Vancouver local are:
President, G, Waite; vice-president, S.
A. McGregor; financial secretary, J.
Shields; recording Becrotary, J. McRae; trustees J. Thompson, E. Petitt,
A. McAfee.
of disillusioned peoples apprehending
final ruin from the Outer War. No
wonder the patriotism of theao latter
iu tho West took disconcerting forms
when the cry was raised 'The Ruriki
and thc Boschlings arc hatching a separate peace. Why not ourselves?' In
vain their governments and the press
redoubled thoir ancient war cries, in
vain they throw the intrepid spokesmen
of democrncy into prison and suppressed every pamphlet that dared to advocate peace. This tyranny, proceeding
from both the bureaucratic government
of the Bosches and the avowed champions of democrncy, the CoshlingB,
funned the flame of internationnlism it
strove to stifle, It was only too evident that the governments nnd the plutocrats everywhere were in league to reestablish the rule of the dynasties overturned or tottering through the wnr,
nnd Ihe fumous Baying of Noel, 'Pence
in Victory!' wbb hoou heard on every
European lip, wherever men congregated. ''
—Edward Guruett in Cnmbridge Magazine,
Do you hour the workers toiling in the murky shaft ol* Fate?
Heavens! listen to thc thunder of tho sound,
Of a million whispered curses; a million thoughts of hate;
A molten stream of anger—underground.
Oo you see Ihe miner sweating, recking naked to thc loin,
Oh, you pious bible-thumping Man of God?
Do you sea his widow weeping by his body, Man of Coin,
And his starving children, homeless at your nod?
If thc game is worth tho candle,
"I'isn 't you who turns the handle;
"Pisn't you who mans the windlass—Man of God.
Oh listen to the echo in the stokehole and the mine,
Of a million anguished voices all a-wail;
By the railroad and the quarry, or midst the bush and pine,
In the stockyard and thc foundry and the gaol.
Do you hear the spirits stirring in tho graves of shattered hopes,
Oh, you soulless, brass-encrusted Man of Fat?
Do you hear the clanging voices of the dead men in the slopes,
And the whisper ol* thc "blackleg" and the "rat?"
Oh, its dividends and hampers,
To the music of the campers;
it is you Dame Fortune pampers—Man of Fat.
Do you hear the faint, far rustle in the tree tops on thc peak?
(How the murmur gathers volume as it ncars)
Do you hear it, Man of Mammon ?  You 're the cursed thing they seek;
'Tis your victims—aud the tempest is their jeers.
Oh, just hearken to tho howling and thc shrieking of the blast!
Hear the trump of Resurrection, Man of Cash!
For the one who onco was tyrant, shall be Serf in fetters fast,
And the broken slaves of years shall ply the lash.
Oh, its greed and niggard wages,
Makes the coming gale that rages,
Down the ghastly path of ages—Man of Cash!
—"Robin Adair," (in the Western Clarion, 1907.)
Our Patrons' Privileges
A. large assortment of unusually flne settings
—attention by experts os precious gems-
prompt and thorough service—the fullest
guarantee as to quality.
However much or little is expended, the Birks' advantages make the buying of a
Birks Diamond a pleasure
in overy way. Inspection
alwaya weleomed.
"Pine Diamonds in
Fine Settings"
Oeo. E. Trorey, Man. Dir.
Oranvllle and Georgia Sts.
Don't §tow •wty yoar iptre tub In
»ny old eorner where It b In duger
from burglm or flre.
Tbe Merchant! Buk of Ctnndft of-
fen you perfect eefoty for tow
money, tnd will give you fall tanking
■ervice, whether your account li lnrge
or smnll.
Interest nllowed on snvlngi deposits.
0. N. STAOEY, Hnnnger
OrnnTlile nnd Pender
W. O. JOT, Hunger
Hnitlogi nnd OnrmU
Bank of Toronto
Deposits    63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account mny be
opened nt The Bank of Toronto
in the nnmes of two or more
persona. In these neeonnta either
pnrty mny sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different members of
n family or n firm n Joint neconnt Is
often n grent convenience. Interest il
pnid on bnlnuces.
Vnncouver  Branch:
Oorner Hutlngi nnd Gambit Street!
Branches nt:
Victorin,   Merritt,   New  Westminster
439 Bichards Street
If you nre considering tbo purchase
or siili' of Government or Municipal
bonds cninmunicat* with
736 Granville St. Vancouver, B. O.
Trades md Labor Council.
July 14, 1893
Orovmi, Bridges ud Filling!
mnde the same shade ns yoa on
natural teeth.
Dr. Gordon
Open evenings  7:80 to  6:80.
Dental nurse In attendance.
Over Owl Drag Store
Phone Ser 6238
Presidont C. R. Monck nnmod following committee?:
Auditing—0. Walker, W. H. Ireland,
J. Tiorney.
Organization—Dan 0 'Dwyer, —
Thomas, Robert Cosgrove.
Parliamentary—H. Wilson, Wm. Towler, Geo. Walker, F. P. Bishop, Hugh
McKee, R. Cosgrove.
Municipal—A. J. Thompson, J. H.
Browne, — Thomas, W. H. Ireland, C.
Arbitration—Geo. Walker, Geo. Bartley, H. McKeo.
Majority of unions favored holding
Labor Day celebration. Committeo appointed: Messrs. Walker, Towler, Cosgrove, Barelty, Bishop, Ireland, McDonald, Wilson, Mono.k, McKee, Tiorney.   Geo. Gagen elected secretary.
City council held a ipecial meeting
re purchasing street railway. Representatives of company nasi ted by certain aldermen, were trying to squeeze
every cent possible out of city. Thus
reported W. Towler,
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Sond in your printing orders to tip
B. C. Federationist. Our figures cannot be beaten.
-At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores
Union Clothing Stores
That every Union man should
know and patronize
UNION men are invited to make our stores their
headquarters. If you wish to use a telephone,
a toilet or leave a parcel use the red arrow service.
With your help we can make our store of the greatest service to Union men in the West.
At $15, $20, $25, $30, $35
for both men and women; regulation skirts; prices
$1.00, $2.00, $3.00, $4.00 to $7.50
Shirts and Drawers 65c   Combinations $1.25
Shirts and Drawers $1.25 and up
Combinations $2.50 and up
UNION MADE OVERALLS, $1.50 to $2.50
Two Big Union Stores for Men
in British Columbia
Hastings St. W.
Alio 614416 Tate* St., Vietoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Bed Arrow Sign FRIDAY..
...July 12, 1918
Teaching: in Schools Is Described as Very Antithesis
of Democracy
Two Well-known Labor Orators Heard to Advantage
at Rex Theatre
What was undoubtedly the biggest
and best meeting that has yet been
hold Mtder the auspices of tho Federated Labor Tarty, was held at Hex theatre last Sunday evening. * Vory early
the crowd gathered to hear tho organ
recital, which has become a feature of
the wookly mooting, and promptly at 8
o'clock, Mr. David Rees, as chairman,
took the platform. After a fow remarks
touching upon the platform of the
party, he called upon Mr. W. D. Bayley,
who announced his subject aB "Whoro
Are We At in Canada!"
He had only recently been privileged
to tour tho Old Country, and was asked
by a number of men who woro doing
things there, to convey to the Canadian
workers their greetings, and the hope
that in Canada, as qjsowhero, tho workors woro getting ready for the democratic forces to take control. Ho had also
travelled across the prairies on a spenking tour, whieh had been arranged to
take ia all the chief centres, and thero
ulso as never before, men were studying
aud thinking.
Widespread Unrest
The chief featitro of the presont time
was the seething unrest which was evident everywhere among all classes of
poople. The streot car and other strikes
wore only a manifestation of something
deeper, and had revealed in tho case of
Winnipeg a solidarity which waB scarcely expected. What was really taking
place, in his opinion, was a demonstration of moral protest against wrong.
The capitalists were also very uneasy,
and there were many signs that they
were likely to "quit" beforo tho workors were ready tu tako hold in the wny
that would be necessary.
This war had taught many lessons,
and illustrated not a few principles, and
ono of theso was the manner in which
wholo nations had been brought face to
face in thc most extended and comprehensive way with tho question of serving tho "state," and caving been organized for thi- purpose of moeting an
external enemy, it was not too much to
hope that tho same principle could be
applied, and the cbbo of it would dawn
upon the minds of the pooplo that they
could just as well submit to tho direction of the stato in au effort to crush
tho enemy of the people—the internal
enemy. What was needed was state
direction, with democratic control of
the state,
When the war broke out, why did not
the governments hand over the conduct
of the war to private control, if it was
the proper method f With the enemy at
the gates, they turned to public control
by a national organization.
Potentiality of the School
Labor Day had been the day of big
processions, but in connection with the
present movement, his mind was turned
to the procession which took place the
day after Labor Day, when in one hour
20,000 would have passed a given point
—in five hours, 100,000—in two days
and two nights the whole great procession of 1,000,000, starting on the first
Tuesday in September—the procession
of our children to the public school.
There is the hope—tho public school,
if the policy were right. The public
school aa an institution, was in itself
an example of how things should be
done. It was built for service, and not
for profit. The school, however, with
all its potentialities, is not necessarily
au agency for tho enlightenment of democracy.
He remembered that juat prior to the
outbreak of the war, an attempt was
being mado to celobrate one hundrod
years of peace between Canada and the
United States. In our school histories
and lessons, howover, how much of this
fihase had been emphasized! Practical-
y none. While pages upon pages had
been written and taught of tne glories
of the British arms en that occasion,
and the schools were named aftor the
loading military men of that era.
The children wore taught that fighting wob the highest form of patriotism.
One school iu Winnipeg was named the
Isaac Brock, another Cecil Rhodes, and
so on. The viewpoint largely insisted
upon was tho antithesis of democracy.
Pamphlets published by "ImporialistB"
woro ensily distributed, but what would
hnppen wero the pamphlets of thc Labor
Party, with their ideas of statecraft,
submitted to existing school authorities.
The samo thing was soon in the songs
the childron arc called upon to sing.
They wero taught to ring "God Save
the King," but why were they not
taught to sing "God Save the People,"
of whom they form a partf The same
thing was true of "Rule Britannia."
To instil into thc minds of childron the
ideas embodied in tbis particular poem,
wns to establish an egotism that made
them believo that we were the envy
and dread of the wholo civilized world.
If this idea were stabliBhed, then it was
no wonder that the Britisher was blamed for "swanking" around the world
ns though he wero the lord of creation.
"An Atmosphere of Autocracy"
The big question for everyono to consider was whether or not we were going
to allow our childron to be trained in
an atmosphere of aristocracy, or to insist that there shall be taught a code of
social ethics based upon the rights of
othor people—a new standard of social
conduct. Let it not be forgotten that
it wns the suppression of material facts
that was chiefly rosponBiblo for revolution. The free acknowledgment and
teaching of the whole truth would bo an
enlightening process.
Changing Sentiment in Britain
"What struck me most on the occasion of my last trip to Britain," began
Mr. Simpson, "was tho great change of
opinion which was manifest in the
minds of the workers during the Interval of fifteen months between thoso
On his previous visit to the Trades
New War-Time
3 for 25c possible
8 other shapes at popular prices
Look for the
On Every Package
Sick,  Death  and  Old  Age  Benefits
Amounting to Nearly a
Million Dollars
On June IS, 1918, 4,081 journeymen
members of the Typographical Union
and 656 apprentices were in the army
and navy forces of the United States
and Canada.
Seventy-five of the members have
fallen in battle in France or have died
in military camps in America.
To the widows, orphans, fathers,
mothers or relatives of these men this
international union haB paid mortuary
benefits amounting to $22,350,
During the past twelve months this
international union has paid $354,000 to
1500 old age pensioners.
In the same period this union has
paid mortuary benefits amounting to
Tho total expense for tho maintenance and for improvements at the
Union Printers Home at Colorado
Springs last year was $167,600.
The Associated Ironmolders of Scotland has interested the British Government in the Mooney caso.
Reciitly elected buBlnoxs ag-nnt for the Shipyard Laborers, Rippers and Fasteners.
Congress, much timo had beon consumed
in debating whether oi not the workers
of Allied countries would moot those
of the Central powers aftor tho war to
discuss the terms of peaco, and whether
it waB advisable to meet at the presont
time in an effort to induce each government to declare its wai aims. The dia-
eussion had boen ombitterod by war experiences, both on sea and land, and
deep resentment characterized many of
the speeches. Fifteen months later the
Labor Party met in London to endorse
its own declaration regurdiug recon-
sruction after the war, and disclosed
what amounted to almost a revolution
in tho attitude of tho collective mind to
the samo questions.
Growth, of the I. L, P.
Sinco the war broke out, some 16,000
had been added to the roll of the I. L.
P., which was the Socialist wing of the
British Labor Party. In Leicester alone,
whero there had been 700 members,
thero were now 2500. This wob in Ramsay Macdonald's constituency. The
Scottish I. L. P. had doubled, not only
itB membership, but the number of itB
branches. There was a general acceptance by the trade union section of the
workers of the Socialist position.
One of tho big movements of Britain
was the co-operative movement, which
perhaps could be termed a scheme of
modified capitalism, So much had this
Bystom grown that in 1916 the huge
sum of $1,000,000 had been turned back
to the membership in dividends aftor
all obligations were met. Theso things
had assisted in no small way to awaken
the workors to the necessity and near
possibility of the collective ownership
of the means of life. There was a
growing demand that the capitalist system be abolished.
Mr. Simpson delared that he had been
for eighteen years in the trade union
movemont, and he believed that it was
a better policy to stay with tho mass of
the workers and attempt to bring them
to see that they should get the full
value of their social labor than to dissociate himself, and simply remain one of
a smaller group, who were really power-
loss until the masseB could be carried
along to a similar viewpoint. The British Labor Party was a standing example of the valuo of tho solidification,
with a programme of reconstruction.
Moaning of Liberty
Mon of today who understand, aro
looking for a chango, and aro ready for
it. One class in society hns had overy
chance to develop and haB failed dismally on tho job. "If, bowevor," concluded thc speukcr, "we desire liberty, and
are willing to struggle on for liberty,
let us have that liberty which Eugene
V. Debs spoko about whon he said: "It
matters not that thc creator has sown
with stars the fields of ether and decked the earth with countless beauties for
man's enjoyment; it matters not that
air and ocean teom with myriad forms
of lifo to challenge one's admiration and
investigation; it matters not thut nature spreads forth her charms of beauty
and gladness and pours forth tho melodies of her myriad tongued voices for
man's delectation; if liberty is ostracized aud exiled, man is a slavo and tbo
earth whirls in space and dances around
the sun a gilded prison, a doomed dungeon, and though painted in all tho enchanting hues that infinite art can command, it still remains a blotch umid the
shining spheres of tho sidereal heavens,
and they who cull from the vocabularies
of nations, living or dead, their flashing
phrases with which to apustraphizo liberty, ure engaged in perpetuating the
most stupendous delusion thc world has
ever seen. Striko down liberty, no matter by what subtle or infernal art the
deed is done, tho spinal chord of humanity is broken, and the world is paralyzed by the indescribable crime. Strike
tho fetters from the slnve und give him
liborty and he becomes thc inhabitant
of a new world. He looks nbroud and
beholds life and beauty in all that is
around him; his soul expands beyond nil
boundaries;; emancipated by the gonitis
of liberty he aspires to everything that
is noble and beautiful, and is allied
with all the higher forms of life and
walks forth redeemed from animalism,
ignorance und superstition, it new being
tlirolibing with glorious life.
A Vision of Ingersoll
"I also desiro that future state spoken of by another American orator,
when he said: 'I seo n world where
thrones have crumbled and where kings
nre dust, nnd where tho aristocracy of
idleness has perished from the enrth. I
see a world without it slave, mun at last
is free; naturo hus by science boen enslaved, lightning and light, wing and
wave, frost and flame, and nil the secret
subtle powers of enrth and air have becomo tho tireless toilers of the humnn
race. I see a world ot peace, adorned
in overy form of art, with music's myriad voices thrilled and lips aflame with
words of love and truth. T seo a world
in which no exile sighs, no prisoner
mourns; where labor gets itH full ro-
wnrd; whore work and worth gn hand
in hand, and where tho poor girl, trying
to win her broad with the needle is not
drivon to tho desperate choico of crime
or death or suicide or shnme. I seo a
world without the beggar's outstretched
palm, tho miser's stony, honrtlcBH glare,
the piteous wail of want, the livid lips
of lies, the cruel oyeH of scorn. I see
a raco without diseaso of flesh or brain,
shapely and fair, married harmony of
form and function, and as I look lifo
lengthens, joy deepens, and lovo canopies tho enrth, ond ovor all, in the high
dome, shinos tho eternal star of human
hope' "
Address to Montana Miners
By Well-known Trade
AU Nem Concerning Bussia Is Made to
Bolt the Wish of
There is an agreement between a
representative of the British government and the Associated Press that aU
the news concerning Bussia should not
and shall not bo given to the American
Mr. Melville £. Stone, the general
manager of the Associated Press, let
the eat out of the bag when, at a recent meeting, he saia there had arisen
some difficulty over the habit of the
British government of editing the A.
P.'s Busisan dispatches. He then
'' When Mr. Balfour was here, I took
this matter up with bim . . . and
he agreed with mo that the Associated
Press was capable of deciding what
news should be mado public in America."
Don't forget the hig meeting at the
Rex Theatre next Sunday. Watch the
daily papers for further announcements.
Patronize B. C. Federatlonist advor-
tlferfl, and tell thom why you do so.
Something Different From
the Usual Patriotic
Dope and Piffle
You nro assembled hore today to commemorate the anniversary of this country's birth, the first nation to try and
put in practice the preachment thnt all
men and women are entitled to equal
Born in struggle, in tears and in
bloodshed, thiB nation, after almost a
century and a half, finds itself involved
in a conflict compared with which our
war for political independence pales
into insignificance.
Por the first time since we wrested
our freedom from an unwilling monarchy, we celobrate this country's birthday, whilo an army of the United
States is fighting on European soil.
It seems to mo thnt on this day, declared a holiday by congress that the
world may never forgot the day on
which thc new principle of a government of the people, for the peoplo and
by the people was adopted, it is fitting
that we inquire into tho reasons for a
condition that seems, on the face of it,
to be in direct contradiction to all our
previous actB, policies and teachings
and contrary to all traditions of the
American people.
It seems also fitting that on thiB day
we should analyze our position in thc
world-struggle, especially as workers,
that as the largest and most useful portion of society we should take stock
of ourselvcB, that wo should attempt to
find if our conduct during this most
eventful period of the world's history
is true to the ideals of the labor movement. To flnd whother or not wo aro
going to come out of tho war to go
on and on with an ever-increasing
promise of ultimate success, toward the
goal for which we are striving, or
whother, wo will, ns our imperalists
hope, sink back further into reaction,
with the aristocratic nnd exploiting
class of all nations still in power. But
unloss the workers nre awake, unless
thoy are alive and fully conscious of
their interests, unless thoy insist with
all the mighty power that is theirs,
that pence cnn only como without annexations or indemnities, unless the
peace terms of the Russinn workers and
President Wilson ure ours, unless we refuse to listen to the siren song of the
imperialists who would conclude a
poaco with the German junker clnss,
unless the coming peuce is a workers'
peaco, the war will havo been fought
in vain.
This, then, is what I shnll try to
show you.
How this wur started in 1914 os u
conflict between different ruling and
exploiting groups in Europe.
How it started because of rivalries
nnd jealousies between contending
groups of Imperialists, and how it has
become like the Frankenstein, nn instrument for their own destruction, why
it is now a struggle between autocracy
nnd democracy und why we, the workers, enn and musl light on until autocracy of every hind, politieal and industrial, has boon banished from Ihe earth,
until we ean enjoy the ideul we have
conceived and fought for agninst the
most, bit I er porsoc ut ion, a world i n
whieh no mini, nblo to work, .shall live
on ihe labor of anothor.
It is u littlo hard to speak calmly
of the COUSOS of this war, if one is
fnmilinr with European events during
the lust twenty years.
The rivalries of ruling dynostlos, thc
jealousy of the exploiting groups, the
seerel trenties, the confidential agreements, the Balkan wnrs, the Armenian
mussneres, nil hnvo a direct relation
to this world .slniggle. The shameful
attitudo of the great powers toward the
murder of helpless peoples, their cyni-
cal aud Inhuman policy of setting one
smnll nntion against the other when a
coalition  of the   Balkan   states seemed
likely, their concern over the balanco
of power to the exclusion of human
considerations, makes uu Inoffacoablo
blot on the history of our civilisation
and shows thnt in' 1014 the desire for
war sprung from sordid motives of personnl gain and thnt the high-sounding
rensons given by diplomats ure only
empty phrases used to lull the people
of tho vnrious nations into that patriotic trance necessary for the Buccossful
prosecution of nn imperialistic war.
Mind you, however, that Oormnny
Started the wnr. Hlio mobilized, not
beeause of the murder of tlie Austrian
archduke, but beeause she was ready
for war and her imperialist group be*
lieved the time hnd eome to put in
oporation their dream of a Berlin tn
Bagdad rnilwny, to crush nil opposition
nnd reap the harvest that comes ns a
result of tho ruthless exploitation of
an undeveloped country.
Gormany started the war, but she
simply struck the first blow in n contest that was as inevitable under the
prevailing order as death itself. Pence
could not have obtained much longer
in Europe, with the increasing rivalry
between groups and nations. Thero was
too much rich and unexploitcd territory in Asia Minor, territory that all
tho exploiters craved with a lust that
hesitated not to plunge into an inferno
of blood: misery and death, if their
ends could be gnined.
The acquisition of Mesopotamia, with
its nativo wealth of coal, minerals, oil
nnd water power, had long been tho
ambition of overy capitalist group in
Europe. But Germany needed it tho
worst, because her iron and steel kings
wore in keen competition in tho world
markets with English and American
steol products. So they conceivod the
idea of the Bagdad railway, and three
grent groups of German capital wero interested. One group was to build the
road, anothor had the concessions for
tho oil and coal, and the third was to
develop the wator power.
They were playing for big stakeB,
thoir plans were well laid, but in their
desire to realize on their future immediately they miscalculated the strength
of the opposition. They placed too
much dependence on their military
strength, although in the light of subsequent events wo can hardly blame them
for believing their army invincible.
However, Austria at Germany's behest dcclnred war on Serbia, Russia
mobilized and Germany declared war
and marched on France and Belgium.
England bound by treaties with both
France and Belgium, entered tbe field.
The stage was set for tho greatest
tragedy of all timo, and tho hearts
of thoso who believed in the willingness
of the workers to prevent war began to
break, one by one.
The attitude of the German Socialists
toward their government was a bittor
disappointment to the working class of
the world*, but I blame them not as
much as,I blame ourselves for underestimating the strength of the German
military machine and the coercive power of the Gorman autocratic governmont.
Wo, in America, however, swallowed our disappointment at the lack of
militancy on the part of the German
workers and prepared to watoh the pro-
gresB of the war from the standpoint
of tho innocent bystander. But as gen*
erally happens tho innocent bystander
found that as far aB exemption from
actual injury was concerned, he might
just ns woll be ono of tho combatants.
At the same time, as we watched the
successes of the German arms, na wc
saw tho machine-like brutal efficiency
of German tactics, wo began to see the
development of the contest from a war
between capitalistic groups  to
—good, bad or indifferent—is on* of our bestl
are made of Superior Fabrics.
The Sun, however strong, haa
little effect on their color; Ford
suits look bright, fresh and
good all their lives. The rain
does not shrink or cockle
them. Ford cloths aro soap-
shrunk and double shrunk.
Ford suits are canvas and
haircloth interlined and keep
thoir shape and tne lines
ngninst the Hardest wear.
Strictly mad* to order and
individual de-den e_j.
of highest grade
935, S40, $45, S50
Soptombcr of Inst year, tho bankers of
England, Franco, Austria and Germany
held a conference in Berne, Switzerland,
and decided on terms of peace f Germany was to be given a free hand in
Bussia, providing sho gave up Alsace-
Lorraine and restored Belgium. Bankers can incet, but not workingmen. Tho
rulers of all countries hold up their
hands in holy horror at the thought of a
conference botwoen the workers of the
belligerent countries.
The workers might decide that rulers
wero no longer necessary and do away
with them. And that is the way this
war is to be sottled. Not by bankers,
not by diplomats, uot by tho junkers,
but by the workers of all lands agreeing that exploitation, the cause of
misery and war, must cease. Until wo
can do this wo must light on and on,
for peace now moans the triumph of
Wo must fight that the Bussian revolution may not be crushed by German
or allied militarism, that its heartening
message may still continuo to go out
to the oppressed of all lands.
On this, the anniversary of tho birth
of the first republic of the world, a
republic whose capitalists have at times
made us ashamed, but a republic whose
experiment in welding together the
different nationalities has shown tho
world the falseness of national distinction, on this day I can think of no
more noble resolution for the workers of
this United Statos to take than to commit ourselves to the prosecution of the
present struggle, flrtnly convinced that
until mankind is entiroly froe from industrial as well as political autocracy,
that war must continue.
Besolved, That imperialism, militarism and exploitation must be destroyed,
novel* to return, by abolishing onco and
for nil that industrial autocracy that
lakes from us and tho workors of all
lands, what is,
Rich Are Growing Richer
While Workers Continue
to Carry On
,  in  the  words of the
Declaration of Independence, the right
war | to life, liberty and the pursuit of hap-
between thc medieval nnd modern ages. I pinesB.
And finally, when the Rusisan work-1    So, I sny that if we,   the   workers,
using this wnr as an instrument, will
ing class revolted, when they not only
deposed tho czar, but established a
Socinlist commonwealth that renounced
all idea of conquest, when thoy nsked
only for penco nnd nn opportunity to
make their dream a reality, when this
happened and the workers of Germany
raised not a hund ngninst the invasion
of n Russia that sought only to bring
peace to all the world, then, indeed,
the workers of America knew that the
Germnn proletariat wns but the tool—
an unwilling tool—but still tho tool of
the German junker cluss and thi' military power. Then they know that the
Germnn nutoenrcy m.ist be crushed,
rushed te save the workers of Germany themselves.
So, despite the hypocrisy of the
Americnn junker clnss, despite the fact
that thoy are using tho wnr to strengthen thoir hold on the throats of the
workers, we, the people who fight and
pay aro still going to curry on the
Not for (he reason given by the
capitalistic pros*, but for reasons thut
we ull understand.
We know ihut the Ruslsnn revolution
is a beacon light to the oppressed
throughout tin- world. We know tlmt
the exploiters of nil lands are uniting
io distinguish Hint light but they must
not, thoy Bhnll nol Buooeod.
The burden of this wnr Is now borno
by labor. On labor depends the success
of the prosont conflict, so shall
present conflict, so shall we con
sent to u peace that means the strength- j perfect,  you   would   know  that
enlng of Imperialism ami tho fnrtnor tolling un untruth, for nnv
• all
try to accomplish our historical mission, the emancipation of ourselves nnd
tho rest of mankind from tho thrnlldom
of a system that is each day becoming
more unbearable, that out of (he chaos
and wreckage, out of the bloodshed nnd
misery, out of the hypocrisy und the
sordid motives of this war, will come a
new world, n world whose beauty wc
will not for a timo recognize, a world
tlmt will truly be a better placo in
which to live.
*V world in which, instoad of welcoming death as mnny of our kind do,
we will be loath to die and leavo behind.
There is one way, and only onc, by
whieh this result can he accomplished.
In the words of the immortal Mnrx:
"Workors of the world, unite. You
have nothing fo lose hut your chains,
anil you huve a world to gain."
It enn be done if we nro only truo to
ourselves, if we listen not to the demands for peace, a pence which will
mean only further misery for you and
yours, but whieh the kept press of ihis
soil and all other countries will be demanding in u few weeks.
This is our wnr, and as long ns wc
do the fighting we should be nble to
say when it slinll stop. And it shall
stop only when we are sure that uutoe-
racy and exploitation are also stopped
If I said (hat our government was
I wns
X. .1.;
oppression of the workers of all tta*! Paintors   Cnock,   in   West   V
(ions? Butto, Montana; tho plot ago
Yet (Ins is what nn imperialistic Mooney in Snn PranclfiOOj the inonu-
pence means, the pence thnt is being menl you hnve just creeled to the ninr-
sought by the diplomats nnd the capb dorod workors in Ludlow would nil give
tnlists Of nil countries. They ure fright- | the lie.
Buf this I do sny.   Here in America
1 have by long nnd    arduous    effort
Otied   at   the  growth  of  the class
scions  spirit   among   the   workers   nnd
they wish to    conclude    pence    before
their   carefully   creeled   system   comes
crushing down upon  their heads.
The Hritish Labor party hns caused
consternation nmong the Hritish junker
by the extent of its demnnds. The
Austrian people are about to ovorthrow
their government. RusBin hns n workers' government, even the docile Oer-
mun workmen ure restless und wenry,
No one cnn say whnt ll"' next few
weeks may bring forth, but this we
know, if fhe wur continues, it is going
to result in the complete recnnslniction
of the present order, the right of ox-
[dnitiitiiin is going to thc junk-pile with
the divine right of kings, and that is
why our Imperialists nre going to soon
8hotit oh lo.ldly for pence us they slionl
ed for war.
And nny pence now must bonoflt not
thi' workers, but (he exploiters; it
would be made tit the expense of the
Russiun democracy, would crush out
(lie Russian workers, and lenve capital'
ism more firmly in the saddle.
This war is now the workers' wnr;
it offers un nvenuc of escape from our
present dnmnuhlo system, nnd from now
on is fought against the will of our
junkers, who would if they oould, make
ponce with the representatives of their
class in Gormany,
Do you know lhat nil the financiers
want "peace t   Do you know   thtt   on
Private Ownership Means
the Continuance of
We are exhorted to be content, stop
agitation and striking, speed up, work
ten or more hours and be satisfied with
our lot in life, while at tho same time
a gang of thieves are plundering ua
right and left and paying the press to
hand out sueh good behavior to koep the
minds of the masses off the profiteering
being carried on right under our nosoB.
The following news    item,    although
coming from across the line, is at the
same time a fair example of what is
taking place in Canada,   Our politicians  havo  not yet arrived at that
stage whero they will make public the
enormously high profits tbat are being
wrung from the workers by   the   ox-
ploiters of labor.   All tho exhortation
of a kept press or the mouthings of
politicians, howover, will not have tho
desired effect on the masses  who are
bled dry by "the enemies within'.' Tho
agitating ennnot  stop until such time
as profiteering stops   and   profiteering
will  not stop  until such  time ns  tho
workers themselves get the ownership
and management of industry into their
own hands.   Democracy and liberty will
remain but meaningless phrases so long
ns tho masses are compelled   to   beg
work from profiteers, and every worker
must beg for work from these robbers
so long as they own thc machines and
fnctories  to  which  the  workers  must
have access in order to live.
WASHINGTON.—Excess profits as
high as 2,183 per cent, were made by
some businesses in 1017, u treasury department report submitted to the senate
The report is a parial answer to the
Borah resolution asking data on profiteering. The 2,183 por cen. xampl was
that Of  a  fond  dealer.
The report listed the percentage of
excess in 1017 profits over those for
1916, together with changes in capital
and other statistics relating to the business, but gave no names.
A cold storage concern, capitalized
at $10,000, exceeded its 1910 profits by
■172 per eent. Another capitalized at
$429,000 made 31 per cont. z
In the dairying business excess pro-
Ills ranged from nothing to 1H2 por
cent.; bunking, nothing to 82 per cent.;
contracting, nothing to 698 per cent.;
clothing iniiuiifncturers, up lo 191 per
cent.; chemicals us high us .'(77 per
cent. A Hour mill deuler with $1)0.000
oapital showed ail excess profit of
263.24 per cent. In 1910 he mndo $-lS,-
000 profits und in 11(17 he mnde $260,-
'»"\    Another, eapltai'n I  af $26,000,
to $81,000, nn i
on his capital.
The.se Jig.ires nro tl
by further data ns i
pared.  A lint of names of all firms nink.
ng more than  16 per cent, iii 1017 is to
lie submitted.   Xo attempt wns made to
typical   examples   from   lhe.se   ro
of 437.6'
■ bo supplemented
oon ns it is pre*
created certnin machluory by which
grievances may  bo    rectified.     Theso
things    did    noi    spring    un   spontaneously from the blood of the patrl-      A few figures in connection with prt
OtS, who died  thai  this eountry might lltoering in  Hritish Columbia mnv help
be born, but cume ns the result of the to show how capitalists carry on during
Strenuous efforts of the working  clnss the war.   The following dividends hnve
movement, nnd they are too precious fo boon declared by five loading companies
be sacrificed, loo precious to be wiped of Hritish Columbia for fhe firsl half
out by it  feudal  government  such as of 10.18:
German autocracy.   Tor   this   reason Granby Consolidated M. s. &
nlono, for the protection of the privi-       I*. Compnny  $749,984.00
leges we huve wrung from a stubborn Conosolidatod    Milling    nnd
purvenu   monlod   aristocracy,   wc   are       Smelting Co., Trail   52.'l,872.(50
fighting Bido by side  with our former Howe   Sound   Co.   (Brittun-
opponents. nit, Mine) 	
Hut let them beware of nnv nltenipf Hedley Gold  Mining Co	
In bofog the issue, let them not believe ' Crows'Nest I'nss Conl Co	
lhat  nfter Hie war we are    going   to
lamely   submit   lo  the old  intolerable
conditions.   We are willing to sncrlfico
our brothers and our sons, but let thom
remember thnt aftor the echoes of the!    _..    _
presont conflict die away, an age-old .     , '   -v   v
cry Is to again nssail their oars, n cry tod   -v tn'
coming from so many throats that Its J100"?*   Tho  ,0oal WOIlt on rocord M
volumo will shako the very foundations "voring a walkout on behalf of tho
new members wero Initio*
Boilermnkors at   the   last
of tho present order.
A cry so powerful that nothing will
be able to further stay tho demand it
That cry will bo "tho world for the
workers "nnd it will horald a new and
brighter era for all the earth.—Butto I now be found ut a desk fit for a rail-
Weekly Bulletin. I road magnate's office.
striking Electricians and Btreet car
men. One hundred dollars whb donated to the strike fund of thc Bakers
Union, The union hus moved into its
new office, which is the swellcst in tho
Lnbor Temple.   Secretary Frasor   can PAGE SIX
There can
only be one
—and surely the overalls which are made
from {he BEST British and American
cloths, by the best operators on the best machines are the BEST overalls.
You know how it is with the tools you buy. There's
a best saw, a best drill, a best hammer. Well, that's
the way it is with overalls.
This is the brand to ask for— ...''
JAS.TH0MS0N&S0NS Limited
IN.      Bill
The best Overall is the TWIN BUTE Overall. You
could pay more for overalls but you would hardly
get better value than Twin Butes.
You can get the best Overall and the Overall that suits you best if you ask for TWIN
BUTE Overalls.
Ton owe tt to yourself to economise
Woild yon consider lt economical to
purchase Teas -tnd Coffeei ln tine
when yon may htve tbe tune vtlue
from onr ttore it a   much   reduced
price I   	
We SeU In Bulk Only
Dickson's Tew and Coffeei An of
Exceptional Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Colombia St Phone Sey. 613
- CAFE -
under now management
168 Hastings Street Wait
Phone Bey. 938
Since the war began in Europe, and"toffered a foeblo opposition to this in-
more especially sinco America's entrance into it, it has been u favorite
pastime of the orthodox clergy in this
country to ascribe all tho monstrosities
of the Hun mind and conduct to the
"Atheists' 'and the "Infidels" of that
benighted land.
The truth is far from this claim, and
does not tally at all with the notion
made so popular by the pulpit. Indeed,
the latest German statistics available
show that the empire had about 65
million population when the war began,
of whom some 25 millions were counted
as Boman Catholics, and more than 35
millions as members of various so-called
Protestant bodies. ThiB accounts for
something like 60 millions. But besides
these there are numerous congregations
of Jews, Armenians, adherents of the
Greek church and of others more or less
related, showing that an extremely
small proportion of tho people could be
classed as "Infidel" or "Atheist" *"~
Summer Wear
Balbriggan Underwear, from $1.00 per suit up.
Combination Underwear from $1.26 per suit up.
BATHING SUITS-From $1.00 to $6.50.
SPORT SHIRTS—Plain white or with silk stripe eollar and
CLUETT SHIRTS—Plain or fangy shades, with soft double or
starched cuffs from $1.60 up.
Tel. Sey. 702 309 to 316 HASTINOS ST. W.
IT constitutes the guarantee of PURITY and DEPENDABILITY that every housewife wishes when she purchases her
baking cereals.
Look for it on the well-known Wheat Flour substitutes now
sold by your family grocer, namely:
Royal Standard Rye Flour
Royal Standard Rolled Oats
Royal Standard Oatmeal
NOTE—W-o have recently received a considerable shipment of tho
popular WHITE CORN FLOUB, which is now available for household
WHITE CORN FLOUR is exceedingly palatable and agreeable, ond
contains most of the excellent food properties of Wheat Flour.
any stretch of the imagination.
Under the Prussian system, the kaiser
is recognized as head of the " spiritu-
al" as well as the temporal power. Ho
is the nominal chief of all Protestant
and Catholic church organizations ln
thc empire, and the clergy aro paid out
of the public treasury. Of course, this
does not deprive them of their holy prerogative to got all they can out of the
faithful as perquisites, Thus tho kaiser's fellow feeling for the papacy may
be easily understood, as also his close
and intimate relations with the "god"
whom he claims as his partner in all his
hellish work.
Priestcraft saturatos the entire governmental fabric. Tho kaiser and his
backers are constantly on "religious"
parade. They oncourage every possible
demonstration of tho theocratic aad theological lure with tbo purpose of keeping fresh the delusion of the "divine
right" under which tbey rule. Bo notably is this the caso that, at last accounts, the clerical or "Contrist" party,
which is composed almost entirely of
papal members, now has, or had, 108
memberB in the Reichstag, while the
next largest party could boast but 60
seats. It hus.been demonstrated in the
politics of Germany, just aa in every
country where" theology has boen allowed to mix in political affairs, that the
clericB are all things to all mon, according to the ends they seek to gain. Today they are aristocrats, tomorrow democrats, and the next day reactionaries,
or liberals, ultramontanes or nationals,
depending entirely on the swag in Bight.
Hence the Vatican has long manipulated this party to suit its purpoBos, mostly sinister, often ignoring it altogether
when thero is a prospect of obtaining
quicker and more satisfactory results direct from the kaiser, through tho Vatican's shrewd Jesuit diplomats, who are
always swarming at Berlin nnd Vienna.
The clerical party's principal aim,
openly asserted, and sedulously striven
for, is to make Germany an entirely
Catholic country, such as Austria iB already, and just as they have announced
their intention to "make America Catholic in the present generation.'' This
party also represents in the extremest
manner the stand-pat idea in politics.
No matter what itB current aims may
be, it is unalterably opposed to all progress, and tights it tooth and nail. It
Beeks constantly to hedge the younger
generation from modern ideas and to
control the educational institutions to
the end that modernism in scienco, in
politicB and in theology shall be headed off, and made non-effective. Their
real, unchanging ambition appears to
be to rule in this twentioth century by
the papal dictum of the thirteenth century. But as repression naturally leads
to revolution if severe enough and continued long enough, the clerics hav* not
been ablo to gain all the power they
covet, and ao have consistently denounced the forces opposing them ns "Atheistic" and "Infidel." It is mostly
from thoso denunciations thnt the
clergy of the United States have form
ed their opinion.
All the orgnnized Freethinkers in Germany are represented by tho Socialist
Party, which is always in a decided minority. It was so when the kaiser started the war.' The church parties represented fully two-thirds of the population, und their influence was so over
whelmingly in favor of the kaiser's
plans, as thc world now knows them,
that even thc Socialists were forced to
acquiesce on pain of being counted as
traitors to .their country.
Another rather salient fact in this
connection is that thc war propaganda
which has beeii carried on without cessation in Germany for tho last forty
years, to my certain knowledge, has
'found its chief exponents in thc pulpits
of the country. From theBe was the
public mind of Germany debauched and
perverted to the extent which has been
demonstrated by the support and applause the entire country hus given in
the last four years to every savage and
fiendish crimo and barbarity which the
blood-soaked kaiser and his minions
huve inflicted upon the World,
So let the theologians take note: It
wan the pulpit which propared the wny
for the war by making the people believe that they were to be called on to
do tho work of the Deity. It wns the
pulpit which uttered the "blessings"
upon the German arms, and which supported nnd applauded the ghastly and
ghoulish conduct of thc armies in the
Held. It was the pulpit Which ordered
the singing of hosannas "to God in the
liighcBt" for the "victories" and the
'' splendid exploits'' of the church _
noble head and son, tho great religious
kaiser, Wilhelm Hohenzollcrn,
Every Freethinker like Liebknecht
and the little coterie of peace ndvocntes
who surrounded him wus homstly disposed to save the nation from plunging
into the carnival of blood and destruction which the churcb«s and the -military party had mapped out. But these
men soon realized tho futility of their
opposition against a nation gone mad
with a thirst for the blood and treasure of their neighbors, and obscBsed
with their crazy kaiser's infatuated delusion that their "God" would give
them tho victory over the whole world.
There arc some phases of this theme
wliich can not bo touched upon in nn
article of thiB character, and to go into
the details would take too much time
nnd space, but if nny reader honestly
seeks the proofs ns to the churchea of
Germany being largely responsible for
the war, I will be glad to tell the inquirer where to find them. As an instance of the close cotnection between
tho_church and state, the Catholic king
famous scheme, and'even some of the
clerics denounced it in scathing terms.
But the measure wob put into operation
with the acquiescence of the church
parties, who made this charitable and
'Christian" reply to the opposition:
' Whether right or wrong is done to the
Poles Ib a secondary matter. What becomes of the Poles is no concern of
In short, the religious parties of Germany had no other conception of political expediency except that involved
in the German axiom that "might is
the only right."
According to the kaiser's code, which
is fully endorsed and "anointed" by
the clergy of his realm, it is a moat
meritorious Bervice to humanity to precipitate a devastating war like the one
now raging. Such a conflict assures to
the survivors, who are the majority, the
lands, treasures and other property of
tho neighbors whom they have slaughtered and despoiled; whilo it sends the
slain millions to that festive "heaven"
which the kaiser'B "god" haa provided
for them, and which they can achieve
only by dying. Doubtless upwards of
five million of the kaiser's subjects,
slain in battle and in thoir drunken debauches, have gone to this "divine
reward" Bince the All Highest and his
tin "god" began the war to set ub his
universal sway over the earth.
And thc world knows that it was the
clergy, and not the Freethinkers, who
have checrod on the infamous, blood-
soaked butchor from that day to this.
When the day for settling with the
criminal comes, there arc quito a number of creatures in "holy orders" who
should be given proper attention by the
hangman or by the firing squad.—J. A.
MacKnight in the Truth Seeker.
.July 12, 1918
John H. Roberts, ip (or perhaps wo
should say wus) a soistly mail-—exc6p-
tionally so. Early in life he came under the influence of religion. He was
converted, and, as iB usual, thereafter
consecrated himself to the task of uplifting "the masses." He is a great
talker, he has the gloomy face of righteousness and he has a wondefrul
knack for ferreting out hidden wickedness. So in due course, he was elected
to high office iu the holy fraternities to
which he had attached himself. Thus
empowered by his follows, he waged an
unremitting warfare against the sins of
tho flesh—against two Bins in particular: Drinking and sexual immorality.
No voice was louder raised in denunciation than his; no oyes rolled heavenwards more frequently in shocked abhorrence; no pen shrieked shriller than
did hiB for direst punishment for the
offender. Oh, life went well with him.
He hnd an enjoyable occupation, and a
revered name in the community. Ab a
flower in the springtime, he lifted np
his head in a world of many weeds. If
he had only boen a littlo more careful,
if he had only puid a trifle more attention to the necessary art of camouflage,
he might have gone to his gravo in acknowledged righteousness. But now, it
seems, he must go forth in obloquy,
with such unpleasant company as Pig
»   «   •
It was Edna Robinson, of Montreal,
who brought him low. This lady ran a
disorderly house ,and sho claimed John
H, for a customer. More than that, she
said she helped to support the holy up-
lifter in tho luxuries of lifo. She testified that she made him a present of as
much as $300 once—nnd the cheque she
gave him was produced in .evidence.
John H., it appoarB, has a penchant for
burlesque actresses. It all came out recently in thc course of a slander action
brought by the rightcoua one against
ex-Controller E. W. Villeneuve. Things
look kind of blnck for John H.—don't
they? Jhey certainly do, unlesB he is
able, somehow, to prove the fair Edna
a naughty liar. But who is this John
H. Roberts, anyway, you ask? Why,
don't you know? He's the honorary
secretary of the Dominion Alliance, and
one of the leading lights of the Vigilance Association.
LaBt weok, we mentioned a fen;
Amoricans who will bo sorry when the
wur is over, becnuse, then, thoy won't
bc nblo to profiteer any more. How
about these English brewers? Allsopps'
made $350,000 in 1914) last year they
cleared #1,200,000. Ind. Coopo & Co.
mado $470,000 in 1914, and $1,000,000
in 1917. Suit & Co. made $150,000 a
year before the wur; now thoy mako an
annual profit of $500,000. These people
are pretty influential in government circles. Is it likely they'll pull for an
enrly peace? And how about the English bankers? They are also doing well
out of the wur. In 1913 their deposits
amounted to $3,700,000,000; last year
they totalled almost double, or $0,325,-
000,000. They arc even more influential
than the brewers. Do they want pence
soon? And how about English industrial concerns, generally? According to
the Economist, they are making 50 por
rent, larger profits now than they mnde
before the wur. Their collective influenco is not negligible by uny menns. Is
it reasonable tu expect them to shout
for peace?
#   •   •
It is reported that Finland iB nbout
to declare wnr on us. It scemB wc maintain an turned force at her chief port
"for the protection of tho aupplicB landed there for Russia." She has requested us to withdraw that force, ns
its presence within her borders violates
her neutrality as well as her nntionnl
dignity. Wc refuse to do so. Suppose
the situation reversed, and that Finland
insisted on maintaining an armed force
in Vancouver "for the protection of
the supplies landed here for her subjects
resident in the prairie provinces."
Would we declare war on her if she refused to withdraw that force, on request? And, by the way, what sort of
supplies are we sending to Russia these
days? Does Russia want them? Has
she asked to have them- forcibly protected through Finland?
every  important   city   on   the   North
American continent.
• *   ->
"In support of her- contention that
women should hold judicial positions,
Miss ShecpBhanks (what a name!) a
Bpeaker at a recent conference of tho
Britiah Dominions Womans Suffrage
Union, said that Washington State has
a Lazy Husbands' Act. This act, Miss
Sheepshanks explained, is administered
by MIbs Reah Whitehead, one of five
judges in Seattle. Sometimes Judge
Whitehead finds that tho mother of a
family is moro suitable as a wage-ear-
ner, and relegates the father to domestic duties and the care of the children
at homo." What do you know about
that, fellows? How'd you like a woman judge to wander in upon your
hearth and honie some day, take your
wife by the shoulder and tell her forthwith to look for a job outside, then take
you by the shoulder, and, in all the
majesty of the law, ordor you to mind
tho house in future? Oh, wo know how
you'd like it, all 'right, and we've a
pretty good idea what you 'd say to the
judgette—but we daren't put it down.
It'd look too awful in print.
• #   #
Messrs. Abraham and Stewart, of the
Canada Food Board, who have been honoring the city with their presenco, got
a civic dinner last week. Mayor Gale
should have used more judgment. A
feed is about the last thing he Bhould
have tendered two gentlemen to whom
all extra grubbing is anathema.
• •   •
And, by the way, a numbor of women'a societies in Winnipeg have introduced resolutions accusing the Canada
Food Board of agitating food shortages
to boost prices, and calling on the Dominion govornment to reorganize the
board. He! Fie! Wicked women!
Don't you know you mustn't dare to
criticize the government these democratic days? Instead of passing dangerous
resolutions, you should employ yourselves clapping your hands at everything Ottawa does. If you want to be
real patriotic, you'll form yourselves
into clapping classes. For instance, you
could learn to clap to the tune of "O
Canada." Then, when it is announced,
one of theso fino days, that Sir Robert
has boon raised to the peerago, you'll
bo able to recoivo the joyful news with
a tuneful clap. ,,- ■ ~ .,
t   *   *    ,.,-vf^*
TKe premiers visit to England is going to be good for trado. He was given
a supper by tho House of Lords. He iB
to receive the freedom of thc city of
Cardiff. He haB talked familiarly with
the king, Lloyd George and other great
ones. He's sure to receive the LL.D.
degree from one or tSvo of the universities over there. And he'll havo lots of
other wonderful experiences beforo ho
gets back to us again. Yes indeed!
The premier's visit to England is going to bo good for trade—for tho hat
• •   •
The editor of the Canadian Courier
gctB roferred to by ns every now and
then. Wo have fallen into the habit of
calling him "papa," probably becauso
his writings give the impression that he
must be very old—a man of another
generation, whose eyes ,grown dim in
the service of that generation, cannot
focus in the white light of today. Modern innovations shake him up badly,
And of nil modern raovoraents ho ia
most terrified of Labor unionism. Every
bo often he has n feeble crack at it.
Hero are some of the cracks in this
week's edition of his paper. What do
you think of them?
• •   •
"Policemen und firemen seem to be
heading towards the road to Labor
unionism in this country. * * Thoro
nover could be a worse monkey wrench
flung into auy threahing machine—A
general industrial striko grows into a
riot.—In a majority of oases a atrike is
a privato mattor, but in a minority of
casos a striko is a public business, and
becomes a menace to the community
similar to war.—Until labor discards
the strike as a weapon, we must see to
it that labor unionism does not pervade
either tho civic or the civil aervice."
Poor old man! How will he ever survive the next few yenrs, as Labor, step
by stop, marches swiftly and surely to
complete control?
Bnron Shimpei Goto, Japanese minister of Foreign Affairs, has no uso for
Bolshevism. Here is what he said in an
interviow given to Gregory MnBon, published in the Outlook: "Japan iB not
concerned with the form of government
Russia finally BCttlcs down into. But
thore is onc exception Japan cannot
tolerute a Bolsheviki govornment. Thc
disruptive propaganda * * * men-
nccs even our own nation.'' Interesting,
isn't it? So that if the Russians insist
on wanting, nnd having, a Bolsheviki
system of government, Japan will be
one of the batch of nations that will
sec to it—by force of arms, no doubt—
that thoy don't get what they want.
Did anybody whisper that we are fighting to establish thc right of all nations,
big and amall ,(except Irelnnd and India, of course) to a form of government
in accordance with tho wishes of the
majority of the people.
Shoe Bargain
for Men at
REGULAR $8.00 to $10,00 VALUES
We defy you to flnd Shoe value like this in the eity—or even
get near it. We got a substantial price concession when wc
purchased 600 pairs when the Just Wright Shoe Company
closed their Northwest distributing depot, or the price we quote
would be impracticable. These same shoes are worth $5.95 at
wholesale today. Here in several different lasts, mostly in gunmetal calf and vici kid. All sizes. July Sale Price, pair $5.95
Men's Regular $6.00 Gunmetal Blucher Boots, $3,75
This is a genuinely smart boot, suitable for best or everyday
wear.   Made on a neat last with medium weight sole and mat
top.   All sizes, 6 to 11.   July Sale Price 83.75
Hen's $4.00 Baseball Boots, $1.65 Fair
Greatest bargains ever offered in the city in Baseball Boots.
Regulation professional calfskin baseball boots, with cleats.
Sizes 6% to 9.   July Sale Price, pair. $1.65
widely circulated and read for it certainly hits the nail on the head. I am
glad that I have had the pleasure of
reading this paper. The letters to the
editor are always interesting. I think
The Federationist worthy of any laboring person'b support. As I am going
back to Dixie and then to France, likoly, I shall want to take Canada's best
paper with me so that I may keep in
touch with the truth and outlook for
Labor in this country.
Farewell, to Canada and Labor! May
you "koop on akeepin' on" until the
dawn of a new and brighter day. Yours
for solidarity.
.- "^    G. L. KING,
If yoa haven't joined the Federated Ltbor
Party, get In touch with Seoretary Trotter,
Boom 206, Labor Temple, or any of the vlce-
I presidents throughout the province, ***
Patronizo B, C. Federationist advor-
tisers, and tell them why yon do bo.
of the atatement that our Offlce Sappliea
and Stationery' Sundries stook la the beat
ln B. O. Come In and look na over)
The leader of the Doukhobors of
Grand Forks, "said his people were liv-
ing on fifteen cents a day, and suggest-
of Bavaria, for example, is the head I ed that tho populace of Grand Forks
official of all religion in his kingdom, should do likewise nnd so have more
and rules with equal authority over his money for legitimate war purposes," If
own creed nnd all ethers. | tho profiteers would only limit thoir liv-
Only u few years back thero was un  '	
LP.    W
"Carry On" With Feds
Conscript Army,
Ett Route Niagara Falls.
Editor B. C, Federationist:—Marching down Main Street we   gave   the
striko pickets a luaty cheer to "carry
on."    This morning on the train wc
hnd  a musiculc  with selections from
Memoirs of I. W. VV. 'ism.   Songs from
page 6 to twelve.
When passing through Tranquillc, wo
loft words of oncoutngement to Comrade Fitzgerald, who ia progressing as
favorably aB can be expected.
We look forward to strike news, so
expect ladies of the Federated Labor
Party to "Carry on" with Feds.
organized movoment to force all PoIob
who were living under German rule to
sell their estates to German buyers in
order that those might be divided up
among German settlers.   Thc Socialists
ing expenses to $15 a day, the saving
effected would not only bo amply sufficient to liberally finance the war charities of all tho scrapping countries, but,
from the surplus, Y, M. C. A. buildings
could   bc   constructed,   pulatiuUy,   in
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: The people of this province are to be congratulated for being revolutionary, at least
more so than a great many other pnrts
of the world.
This Bpirit is shown by thc dare to
strike iu perilous times and in the determination to win thc demands at all
Through tho stick-a-bility of organized lubor, thc world can bo, and must
bo won for the workers. Since tho coming of the Federated Labor Party, we
see an effort is being mado to secure
tho co-operation of all workers and soldiers. They must all see sooner or later
that thc realization of their aims must
be accomplished by political as well as
individual action.
The Federationist is as lively a Labor
paper as can bo found.    It should be
Delivered to and from all tralai,
boats, hoteli and retideneei
Piano Moving
Phone u dar or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
an. «4-W
UBlon Station
Mined on Pacific Ooaat
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Fair. 8800       1629 Main fltraet
Refined Servioe
One Block west of Court Hpoie.
Uie of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymour MU
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Pine Dreamy Lather
and Sow Hot Dry on tha Pace
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured ln Britlah Columbia
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
 j-nllle Itnet
ei» HMttnp street West
flnt and third Thursdays Executive
board; President, 0. J. Kelly; vice-preiident,
V. W. Welsh; iecretary ana business agent,
V. B. Midgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; ler-
geant-et-arms, J, F. Poole; trustee!; J, H.
MeVety, W. B. Trotter, A. J, Crawford, P.
A. Hoover.
1 Meeta seoond Monday ia tbe montb. Preildent, Oeo. Bartley; iecretary, B. H. Neelanda,  P.O. Boi flfl.	
tional Union of America, Loeal No. lift—
.Meete eecond and foarth Tuesdays In tbe
moath, Boom 80S, Labor Temple. Preaident,
L. E. Herrltt; iecretary, 8. 6. Grant, 1071
Alberni etreet.
I No. 617—MeeU every eeeond and fonrtb
Monday  evening,   6   p.m.,    Labor   Temple.
.Preeldent, B. W. Hetley, phone Fair. 2002L;
financial iecretary, O. Thorn; recording aeeretary,   J.   B.   Campbell;    business   agent,
I Walter Thomae, Boom SOB, Labor Temple,
Phone  Sey.  7-405,
and Iron Ship Buildere and Helpen of
America, Vaneoaver Lodge No. 104—Meete
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preildent, H. A, Mc-
Eaobern,   1246 Alberni  St.;   secre tary trees-
londay, 8 p.m. Preildent, H. A. Mc-
 i, 1246 Alberni St.; secre tary- treaeurer, Angus Fraser, 1161 Howe St.; bnsiness
agent, J. H, Carmichael, Roomi 312, Labor
; Temple.	
Loal 28—Meets every first Wednesday in
tho  month  at   2.80  p.m.  and  every  third
Wednesday in the month at 9.80 p.m.  President, Harry Wood;  secretary and buslnesa
ent, W. Mackenzie, Room 200 Labor Tem-
e.   Phone Sey. 1681.   Offlee houra;   11 to
I noon; 2 to 5 p.m.
Operating   Engineers,   Loeal   No.    620—
Meets   every   Monday,   7.80   p.m.,   Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodle
.streot, New Westminster; vice-president, D.
Hodges; secretary-treasurer and business
I agent, W. A. Alexander, Boom 216, Labor
Temple.    Phone Bey. 7496.
—Meeta in Room 206, Labor Temple.
every Monday, 8 p.m. President, D. W.
MeDoagall, 1162 Powell atreet; reeordlng
seoretary, John Murdock, Labor Temple;
flnanolal aeoretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room. 807 Labor Temple.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Loeal 8662—Offlee and hall, 804
Pender stntt west. Meets every Friday,
8 pun. flafretary>treaianr, F. Chapman;
business  agent, L.  Marsh.
I. ht A., LOCAL 88-62, AUXILIARY—
(Marino Warohousinion and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 162 Cordova East.
Meeta fin.t and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Socretary and business agent, E. Winch.
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—Meets
flrst and third Tuesdays of each month,
.Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording aeoretary, E. Lofting; financial aeeretary and business agent, T. W. An-
derson, 687 Homer stnet.
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets second and fourth Mondays,
Room 204, Labor Temple. President, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood EaBt;
flnanclal secretary and business agent, H. S.
Nlghtscales, 276—56th Ave East, South Vancouver; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey road. Phone Bay*
viow 2079L.
Riggers,- I. L. A., Local Union 8BA, Series
5—Meets tbe 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; flnancla) secretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Hardy. Office, Room 219-220, Labor
nloyees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple, second and- fourth Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording secretary .A. V. Lofting, 2601 Trinity street.
Phone High. 168R; flnanclal secretary and
business agont, Fred. A. Hoover 2400 Clark
drive, offlce corner Prior and Main streets.
fours Union, Local No. 656—Meets evory
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W. M, Brown; li.isitu.it. agent. .T. F. Poole,
245—19th Av«. EflBt. Phone Fnir. 2109X.
Financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1120
Robson St. Phone Sey. 5679. Office, 587
IIouter St.
last Sunday of eacb month at 2 p.m. President, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; seeretary-treasurer, R, H. Neelands,
I Box 66.
annual convention in January. Executive
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vaneonver; vice-presidents—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prince
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vaneoaver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Weatminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pais, W. A. Sherman,
Fernle. Seoretary-treasurer, A. B. Wells,
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir itreet, Vancouver, _B. O. *
Labor Council—Meets flnt and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythiu Hall, North
Park street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley: secretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. O. Box 302,
Victoria, B. O.        	
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday in every month I) p.m.,
Richards Hall. President, Jas. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secretary, Jas. Fearon; financial sreielnry,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson. FBIDAT...
...July 12, 1918
Our July
Pre-Inventory Sale
Is Now On
with the exception of contract lines
Canada Pood Board Licenses—Bakery, 5-1482; Beataorant, 10-4435;
Oroeery 8-14580; Confectionery, 11-163.
"■L^TTy __tmm_  i*»     asassst t. sautfa*. iwmi MftnimwiM        t, \ ^m^jJ
Granville and Georgia Streets
Canadian Northern Railway
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agont or Write
Telephone Seymour 2482
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
Because tbey ara ecyial or better tlian any other similar products, ltt
them come from where they may
CascaDe Beer
Alexandra Stout
555 Soda Water
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
owestls later Mam
vuoovma. a. o.
—HmM-uiMis tat Labor Man—
Balsa—7«« aad 11.00 eat iw.
Expert Bepairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvis Electrio Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Street
Don'tjwait until your
teeth go on a strike
—It's far harder work to deal with tooth trouble when
lt la allowed to reach an acuta stag*.
'The timo'to doal with your tooth iB when tho flrst. signs of
trouble, dovolop—whon tho decay spot shows—the** toothy hurts in
tho lenst degree. A very little work then will save you" pain, inconvenience, oxpenao—and, possibly, the loss of the tooth.
See me as soon as the trouble comes. I will examine tha tooth
and advise you. If desired, I will give you an estimate of the cost
of the necessary attention.
X-Bay aim taken If a-rns-
sary;    10-ytar   insraaleei
Biaalutlons   made   ea
phone appointments.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grows and Bridge Spedallit
2 Hastings Street West, Oor. Seymour
Office Open Daily Until 6 p.m.
The New Bell
"Art" Pianos
Examine closely the valuable improvements that
cannot be used by any other Piano manufacturers : Patented illimitable Repeating Aotion, Patented Steel Tone Sustainer, Mouse-proof Pedals,
the Beautiful Sweet Tone and fine finish.
The New Bell Art Pianos are strictly first-class,
and are built by the largest concern of its kind
in the British Empire.
Easy Terms or Cash.
Manufacturers solo representatives.
Shows That He Has Understanding of Society as at
Present Constituted
Two or threo weeks ago tho Bev. Mr.
Thomas in a sermon in Vancouver spoke
of the changes that are taking place
in society, and of the part labor is to
play iu the future.
Following .close on we hear of the re*
signation of J. 8. Woodsworth from the
ministry, and it would appear that the
church is not to escape the reconstruction that is so much talked of, and
little understood.
Mr. Woodsworth in hiB letter of resignation, shows that he has a somewhat
larger view, and possibly a better understanding of the changes and the
reasons for them. His letter reads as
"Olbson's Landing, B.C.,
"June 8th. 1918.
"Bev. A. E. Smith,
"President Manitobu Conference,
"Methodist Church,
"Winnipeg, Man.
"Dear Mr. Smith:—
"After serious coiwideration I have
decided that I should resign from the
ministry of the Methodist church. It
is perhaps, due both to the conference
and to myself that I state, at least in
outlino, tho considerations that have led
me to take this action.
"Wihin a short time after my ordination I was much troubled because my
beliefs were not those that wero commonly held and proached. The implications of the newer theological teaching
that I- had received during my B. D.
course and in post-graduate work at
Oxford revealed themselves with growing clearness and carried me far from
the old orthodox position.
"In 1902 I came to conference with
my resignation in my pockot, but the
urgent advice of the president and
others of the senior ministers persuaded
mo to defer action. I accepted an invitation to become junior ministor at
Grace church and for four years devoted myself largely to the practical
activities of a large down-town ehurch.
"Ill-health made necessary a year
without a station. This gave me an opportunity of getting out of the routine
and seeing things in a somewhat truer
perspective. While in Palestine I do-
cided that, come what might, I must
be true to my convictions of truth. It
scorned to mo that in the church, I was
in a falso position, _As a minister I
was supposed to believo and to teach
doctrines which either I had ceased to
believe or which expressed very inadequately my real beliefs. I carefully
prepared a statement of my position
and sent it with my resignation to the
eonftamiie of 1.907. A special committee appointed to confer with me reported that in their judgment my beliefs
were sufficiently in harmony with
Methodist standards to make my
resignation unnecessary, and recommended that it be not accepted. The
conference, without dissent, accepted
the recommendation.
"What eould I dot Left intellectually free, I gratefully accepted the renewed opportunity for servico. For six
years, as superintendent of All People's
Mission, I threw myself heartily into
all kinds of soeial service work. Encouraged by tny own experience, I
thought that tho church was awakening
to modern needs and was preparing, if
slowly, for her new tasks.
"But as years went by certain disquieting conclusions gradually took
form. I began to seo that the organized church had become a grent institution with institutional aims and ambitions. With the existence of a numbor of denominations, this meant keen
rivalry. In many cases the interests
of the community were made subservient to the interests of the church.
Furthor, the church, as many other institutions, was becoming increasingly
commercialized. This meant tho control of the policies of the church by
men of wealth, and in many cases, the
temptation for the minister to become
a .financial agent rather than a moral
nnd spiritual leader. It meant, also,
that anything Uke a radical programme
of social reform became in practice almost impossible. In ray own particular
work among the immigrant peoples I
felt "that I, at leaBt, eould give more
effective service outside denominational
lines. Intellectual freedom was not
sufficient—I must bo free to work.
"For three years I acted as secretary
of tho Canadian Welfare Leaguo and
for one yeur ns director of tho Buroau
of Social Research of the governments
of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Lust yoar, owing to the closing of
thc bureau, and another breakdown in
health, I cume to British Columbia. At
the suggestion of one of the ministers
and by courtesy of tho B. C. Conference, I was appointed "supply" on a
little const mission field. Hero I have
ngnin had the opportunity of trying
out church work und learning in still
nnother field how difficult it in to help
the people through the church.
"In tho mountimo another fuctor
makes my position increasingly difficult.
Tho wur lm.H gono on now for four
years. As far buck us 190(1,1 hnd beon
led to realize something of tho horror
and futility nnd wickedness of war.
Whon thc proposals were boing made
for Cnnnda to assist in the naval defence of thc Empire, I spoke and wrote
ngainst such u policy. Sinco the sudden outbreak of tho war thoro has been
little opportunity to proteBt against our
nation nnd empire participating iu the
wnr. However, as the war progressed,
I havo protested against tho curtailment of our liberties which is going on
under the pressure of military necessity
and the passions of war.
"According to my understanding of
economics nnd sociology, the war is the
inevitable outcome of tho existing social organization with its undemocratic
formB of govornment nnd competitive
systom of industry. For mo, it is ignorance, or a elosod mind, or camouflage, or hypocrisy, to solemnly assort
that a murder in Servia or tho invasion
of Belgium or the glaring injustices and
horrible oatrngos are tho cause of the
"Nor, through tht war do I see any
wny out of our difficulties. Thc devil
of militarism ennnot bo driven out by
tho powor of militarism without the
successful nations themselves becoming
militarized. Permanent penco enn only
come through tho dc\eIopmont of goodwill. There is no rodomptive power in
physical force.
"This brings mo to tho Christian
point of viow. For tne, the teachings
and spirit of Jesus are absolutely irre-
conciliublo with tho advocacy of war.
Christianity may be nn impossible
Realism, but so long as I hold to it,
How   Corporations   Hide
Their Tremendous Profits
From the Masses
H. L. Barber, an authoritative economist and financial writer, defines watered stook aa "an increase in the capital
stock without a corresponding increase
in the company's assets." That definition is very correct, but takes alone it
is too brief to .make the term fully
understood. The following explanation
will undoubtedly be found more enlightening:
A corporation has been formed by a
number of individuals to carry on a
certain profitable business enterprise.
Merely for sake of a concrete example,
let us aay the capital stock represents
an investment of $100,000. Every in*
vestor holds a block of stock and is
caled a shareholder or a stockholder.
Each stockholder is entitled to a proportionate per cent, of the company's
net earnings.
The flrst year tho company makes
a profit of $5000, and a five per cent.
dividend is distributed among the
The second year business naturally
increases because the firm has established a reputation and is more widely
known; $10,000 net profit is realized.
This enables the company to distribute
a 10 per cent, dividend.
The third year profits leap skyward
and the Arm under its shrewd management makes the immense profit of $50,-
000, or 50 per cent, on the $100,000 investment.
Of courso, this pleases the stockholders, but they don't want outsiders to
know they are making so much. Competitive companies might be formed and
their own employoes would be sure to
ask for higher wages. Then others
might call them "grafters," "profiteers" and "daylight robbers." To
say the least, such an "expose" would
bo the means of losing trade for the
The only way to hide this immense
profit is to stuff or "water" the outstanding stock. This can be done by
declaring a "stock dividend" of $900,-
000. Give overy holder of one share
nine more shares, making him ten in
all. *
Without receiving any additional
money into the treasury the capitalization of the company is thus raised to
$1,000,000. (The "capitalization" '
in this case 10 times the firm's assets
or actual valuo in "paid in capital,
It is often much greater than that.)
Now the $50,000 can be paid to the
stockholders—a 5 per cent, dividend is
declared on the $1,000,000 capital,
whieh is equal to a 50 per cent, dividend on the $100,000 used to carry on
the business.    But it doesn't sound so
They are showing how we lie
With our bodies run dry:
The attitudes we take
When impaled upon a stake.
These and other things they show
In the gallery where the fat men go.
In the gallery where the fat men go,
They're exhibiting our guts
Horse-betrampled in the rats,
And Private Tommy Spout
With his eye gouged out,
And Jimmy spitting blood,
And Sergeant lying so
That he's drowning in the mad,
-In the gallery where the fat men go.
They adjust their pince-nez
In the gentle urban way,
And they plant their feet tight
For to get a clearer sight.
They stand playing with their thumbs,
With their shaven cheeks aglow.
For the Terror never comes,
And the worms and the woe.
For they never hear the drums
Drumming death dead-slow,
In the galleries where the fat men go.
If the gallery where the fat men go
Were in flames around their feet,
Or were sucking through the mud:
If they heard the guns beat
Like a pulse through the blood:
If the lice were in their hair,
And the scabs were on their tongue,
And the rats were smiling there
Padding softly through the dang,
Would they fix the pince-nez
In the gentle urban way,
Would the pictures still be hung,
In the gallery where the fat men got  ,
—Louise Golding in Cambridge Magazine.
A MTtw View of Idoyd Oeorge
The boomerang is the most dangerous
weapon in politieal warfare. A publie
man Is judged by tht offect. and not
the intention, of his acts. Mr. Lloyd
Oeorge has always posed u a radical,
with implacable hatred of the rule of
birth or money. And yet this is how
he appears to a writer in the Nation:
"Mr. Oeorge is the elect of selfish Eng
land, not of the noble England that
three years ago gave its soul, no less
than its body, to tbe strife. The war
is a vast complex; and yet the mind of
its acting chief is a blank to great
spaces of it. Liberty fails to make a
deep appeal to his spirit. Hr. George's
Insurance Act was a piece of constructive conservatism. But its driving-
wheel was Prussianism. He borrowed
a good notion from the German Social- .
ists, and then made room for it by
laying waste a great tract of free Eng-
land. So with conscription. Voluntarism created the armies which fought
the war. The moment it began to flag,
having drawn most of the young blood
of the Empire, he ran on to force. Since
Lord Liverpool, no British prime minister hu made such slaughter of British
liberties. While, like Herr Michaelis,
he faces all ways, and has phrases for
all men, he has carried us farther away
from representative government than at
any time since the Liberal movement
of the lut century began. It is characteristic that in casting oat democracy
from England, he should propose to
make a forced present of it to Germany. ' '—Exchange.
It is self-evident that the watering
is done for the solo purpose of hiding
excess profits from the masses who pay
them.—Vernie O. Stiles in Seattle Union
Becord. '
even so unworthily, X must refuse, as
far as maybe, to participate in or to
influence others to participate in war.
When the policy of the State—whether
that State be nominally Christian or
not—conflicts with my conception of
right and wrong, then I must obey God
rather than man. As a minister I must
proclaim tho truth as it is revealed to
nxo. I am nob a pro-German; I am not,
I think, lacking in patriotism; I trust
that I ara not a "slacker" or a coward.
I had thought that as a Christian minister I was a messenger of the Princo
of Peace.
"The vast majority of the ministers
and other church leaders seem to see
things in an altogether different way.
The churches have boen turned into
very effective recruiting agencies. A
minister's bucccss appears to be judged
by the number of recruits in his church
rather than by tho number of converts.
The position of the church seems to be
summed up in the words of a Genoral
Conforonco Officer—"We must win the
war, nothing elso matters." There ia
little dependence on spiritual forces.
The so-culled Prussian morality that
might, mnkes right, and that the end
justifies the moans, is preached in its
npplicntion if not in theory. "Military
necessity" is considered to cover a multitude of sins. Retaliation, specifically
repudiated by Jesus, is advocntod. Pri-
vnde murder, under certain conditions,
is lauded. Pacifism is donounced as a
vice.   Love is tempered by hatred.
"Holding the convictions J do, whnt
is my duty undor such circumstances?
Tho Christian Guardian, presumably
voicing tho thought of th0 church, discusses the ease in its issue of May 1st:
" 'And if ho be a prencher, ive presume ho mny fool that it is cowardly
to keop silence, and thar truth demands
thnt he testify to what" he believes to
be tho truth. Consistency demands that
we-recognize this fnct.
" 'Bat in timo nf wur the stnte lias
somothing at stake, nnd it rightly refuses to allow n pence propaganda to
bo carried -m in its midst. Not only
so, but thc church hus n duty in thc
matter, and that is tu prevent unpatriotic speeches In hor pulpits. And if
the minister who is a confirmed pacifist
haa u right to spouk his mind freely, the
church which lie servos hns a right to
slip thai lie does not uso her pulpits
nor her nuthority to damngo or defeat
tho efforts of patriots who arc trying
to win a righteous war. In every such
cuse the country and the church have
a right to insist not only on tho absence of seditious or disloyal speech
and action, but also on truest patriotic
utterances and if a man ennnot conscientiously declare himself a patriot
has no business in nny church which
prides itself upon its patriotism.' "
Apparently the church feels thnt I
do not belong and iwluctantly I hnve
been forced to the same conclusion.
This decision meana a crisis in my life.
My associations, my education, iny
frionds, my work, my ambitions have
all beon connected with the church.
After twenty-two years it is hard to
got out, not knowing whither I go. In
taking this atop, 1 have no sense of
disloyalty to the memory of my honored fnther or tho upbringing of my
widowed mother. On the other hand,
I hnve a growing sense of fellowship
with tho '' Master'' and tho goodly
company of those who, throughout the
ngeH, have endeavored to 'follow the
gleam.' I slill foci the call to service,
und trust that I may have some share
in tho work of bringing in the Kingdom.
"Yours sincerely,
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers, and toll them why you do so.
"The Home of Good Shoes"
649 Hastings W., near Granville
Shoes at Factory Cost
Sale Opens Daily at 9
All Men's
$10 Boots at
Black, Mahogany and Malay
Brown Boots in smooth calf
or fine kid; conservative and
the swagger English lasts;
Neolin or oak tanned soles
as you desire. Seven models
to select from. #
Pumps to $7.00, Sale Price, $4.35
There are seven models to choose from, patents, kid and
calf, pcrfeetly plain or Colonial styles, with French or
walking heels and flexible soles.
Factory Prices in White Footwear
Women's White Canvas Oxfords—Goo'lyear welt rubber solo 40 OA
and heel; regular |4.25.   Sale price. _  *p»J.A*v
Women's White Canvas Boots—Goodyear welt, rubber sole $9 At{
and heel; regular $4.50.    Sale price  *pu.**«/
Women's White Canvas Walking Boots—Ivory sole;  regular 40 7E
»5.00.   Sale price - -  *po.l»
High Top"Whito Canvas Boot—With mbber sole and spring heel. 41 QE
Sale price  ejl.~>
Women's Cream Reignskln Root—Covered hool with aluminum tJC CK
plate;   regular 87.50.   Sale price -  *Pw»w
Women's White Canvas Pumps—Leather solo and heel; regular 40 -ll*
$4.50.    Salo prico. ...  ?*S.OD
Women's Three-strap Slippers—Regular 13.50. 40 QK
Sale prico  cp*.OU
Women's $10 Boots,
Sale Price
Kussian Calf and Mahogany
Sport Boots; imported French
kid dress boots in black, grey,
maize' and brown combinations j 8%-inch lace and button tops} Goodyear welt and
turned sole. Louis or walking
heel. Twelve distinctive model* tn select from at a saving
Of $-4.36 oa your pnir. All
Women's $16 Boots,
Sale Price
From tlie modish S'^-inch luc-
ed top, lo tho very tip of the
gracefully long too, there is
stylo and distinction in ovory
lino of these clever Fifth Ave.
models, so popular at the pro-
sent time with smurtlydreswd
wouH'ii. Grey, ivory, brown,
combinations and black.
Children's and Growing Girls' Leather
Sandals, $1.00
Tan leather, sown sole with flat hool.   Cool  and
fortable.  All sizes
to 2	
Men's Heavy Grain Leather Blucher Boot—Sown  and  pegged
double sole, with heavy shank.   Regular $0.00. &iA  0(J
Factory Sale Price «p*i.Ou
Men's 57.60 Boots—A number of models to choose from.    Gunmetal Blucher, calf, vici kid; Neolin soles and rubber heela,   or
leather soles and heels; conservative or late stylo
models.    Factory Sale Price 	
Children's Black and Tan Leather
Strap Slippers—With a good weight
sole; sizes to 10. A*i   <• jas
Special price A 1,1%}
Extra, Extra—Solid leather Loce
Boot for Boys—All sizes *0 taC
to 5.   Only, tho pair eptheafO
Growing Girls' Whito Canvas Mary
Juno Pumps, (_n rag.
per pair <D-&tOU
Misses' Block Potent Mary Jano
Slippers; sizes 11 to 2.    An   a r_
Specially priced at $*b>40
Children's Black Patont Mary Jano
Slippers—Sizes to 1014.   *1   OB
Specially pricod at tpl.OO
Misses' Black vici Kid Button and
Laco Boots—Sizes to 2. e_e_ t_ _t
Price Jp.fc.00
Boys' Block ond Whito Canvas Boots
—All sizes.   Priced at—
$1.15 to $1.75
Children's White Canvas Strap Slippers—Sizes to 7. mm
Price  /OC
Children's anil Misses' White Cnn*
vns Button Boots; sizes   d»i   _>_t
to 8.     Prico Jpl.00
Sizes 8% to tn«/j 82,15
Sizes 11 to 2 , J2.2B
Infants' Fine Blank Kid—Either
l-illtun or loce; sfssofl       _t_     _ fit
■"!■•   -'•'•■'■' Jpl.lO
Children's Llghl Weight |j|,„.k Kid
I.ncc Boots—Size J_, e_f nm
Price «p J, ,fcO
Children's and .\lisios' White Cnn*
vns Pumps— With nn extension elk
sole;   nil sizes. A«     am.
Special price $1.40
Misses' White Cnnviis High-top
Hoots; rulilier soles nnd hrcls. Heir*
.ilnr.f2.2S.   Sole t_ _   m r.
Pr-*"- <pl./0
Children's and Misios' Whito Canvas Strap Slippers;  nil ng
sizos.    Per pnir  , S/OC
Children's nnd Mlisw' Tnn Leather
Sandals; nil sizes. *<•   «■»■*
Per poir JJ) 1 ,^JO
Children's unci Misses' Whito 'un*
vns Kondnls; nil sizes. * i /wv
Per poir. Jp | ,[)[)
Growing Girls' White Cnnvns Slippers, with or without An a m
strap; pair  $-fa.40
Growing Girls' Patent nnd Gunmctnl
Per puir $2.45
H "The Home of Good Shoes"
i, 649 Hastings. W.   Near Granville.
consult oura
PBIDAY July 12, 1818
The Pioneer Union Store
Suits for Men
TO MOST men all stars in the Heavens look alike, but
to an Astronomer every one has an individuality
Ttye same witty clottyes
Many men think that all suits are alike—they
know nothing of tailoring nor do they profess to
Claman's suits at twenty-five dollars are so unusual a line as to provide a surprise even for the
most critical. In fact, there's so much difference
between our selections and what other shops show
at this price that you don't need to be an expert
to tell the advantage of one over the other.
"Home of Hart Sohaffner & Marx Clothes"
Close Election Contests-Old
Parties Unite Against
Labor Candidate
The trend of events in England cannot be better illustrated than by placing beforo our readers the result of thc
by-election held \n tho Wansbeck
(Northumberland) division of parliament consequent upon the death of
Charles Fenwick. Liberal, who had held
the seat since 1885.
A Labor candidate, E. Edwards, a
miner, was placed in thc field by the
Labor Party and the two old partieB
joined forces on a candidate by the
name of Mason.
Mason stood for the policy of peace
by'' the knockout blow.''
Edwards stood for the policy of a
peace by "negotiation."
The result wr i ai follows:
Mason, Liberal-Conservative  5814
Edwards, Labor	
Majority for Mason of ~  647
Commenting on the election, W.
Straker says: '
"Strange as it may appear to those
who do not understand the position,
this result came as a great surprise to
both parties. The united Capitalist
Party expected that their combined
forces would secure an overwhelming
•ictory; the Labor Party, in face of
all the misunderstanding, expected a
greater defeat. The result has shown
the value of the work done during the
contest, and that when tho general
election comes the name of Edwards
will be thousands abovo that of Mason,
or any other candidato Mason's party
cares to bring forward.
"When we commenced our campaign
we had arrayed against us not only the
combined forces of capitalism, but we
had also against ub all thc local prcBB,
and some did not hesitate to stoop to
tbe depths of tho gutter in order to
Bupport its class candidate. Yot such
a press sanctimoniously condemnB class
war, and class legislation, as if it stood
for anything else. We had no paper by
which to coanternct the poison served
up every morning by this press, and
tho constituency wa* so largo, and the
time so short, that it was impossible
to hold meetings at every principal
point in the division. Had there been
a few more days available there can bo
no doubt that we would have, in spite
of the dark forces against us, turned
the scale.
"As the campaign went on meetings
became enthusiastic—sometimes boisterously so—b,ut ns I scanned those
meetings I saw that thoy wero largely
composed of young men—and, oh, the
pity of it, young men who, while called upon to do tho lighting, had no
Street Railwaymen and
Electricians Win Out
(Continued from page 1)
work in the shipyards, unless forced to
do so by the power companies.
Now that it is all over, the advisory
committee, with Business Agents Morrison and F. Hoover, can take a little
rest, although how a business agent can
get a rost wc hardly know. They have
worked hard and late, and no. doubt
they were tho most pleased body of
men in Vancouver when it was all over
for, while it is not generally recognized,
any committee that haB charge of any
Btrike has a lot more to. do than iB generally known, and in a Btrike of the
magnitude of this one, the work is unending. To their untiring efforts, and
the splendid solidarity of the men, the
success is due, and a striking example
of what can be done has been set by
the members of the two organizations.
Gas Workers
The Gas Workers havo successfully
negotiated n new agreement calling for
an oight-hour dny and an increase in
wages amounting to an average of 10
cents per hour. The new scale, which
calls for a wage of from 40 to 60
00 cents per hour, with time and a half
for overtime, on an eight-hour day, is
retroactive from tho first of May.
Property Labor and
Exchange Value
(Continued from page 1)
SuitS for
Summer Wear
Moderately Priced
$lo and up
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
even though that master is addicted to
the truth, unseemly though it may be
from the ruling class standpoint. The
Foderationist sincorely hopes that Lib-
man's slip of the tongue, if such it was,
will not only do a world of good in
bringing the truth home to blind and
obtuse working plugs, but will not result in the scribe losing hia job. A"
scribo capable of making snch slips of
the tongue should always have an easy
job at good pay. That ia from the
point of view of real rebels and others
who would see the truth spread and
take root
So That Is the Way of It
'Our industrial forceB range from
35,000,000 to 40,000,000," says Libman.
Of course even the most contumelious
alave in the bunch knows who and what
is meant by "our." Tho proporty ot
tho ruling class of the "tTnited States
consists of some 35 or 40 million slaveB.
This constitutes ,4our industrial
forces." This stock of working cattle
should not be unnecessarily depleted.
It should be carefully conserved, ttt
least as carefully ns possible, for it cannot be replenished ns of yore from
'' immigration.'' That is practically
cut off on account of the war. "The
urgent need of the conservation of the
resources of the nation is therefore self-
evident," Bays Libman. Of course it
ia. These resources, this humnn "property," as Libman says, "can speedily
re-create values," in <jnsc all of that
which is commonly termed property was
destroyed. But "labor destroyed, means
the end of values." Oh, the horror of
it! The bIbvcs of ruling class industry
—our industrial forces--are all thore is
to real property, that sort of property
that can bring forth the rich and juicy
valueB that constitute "the wealth of
the nation" which increases "nnnually
by forty billions of dollars," and if
that property was destroyed there would
be no more "values" possible. Whether the acribe thus spuko purposely, or
his job-holding foot slipped, ho told
"the truth, thc whole truth and nothing but the truth," in regard to the
slaves and their status and function in
ruling class civilization. And-The Fedorationist is strongly of the opinion that
every ono outBide of the ignorant and
stupidly stubborn slaves thomsolves
(nnd the moat of them nre all that)
knows that the slave clnss constitutes
all there ever was, iB or can be to prop
erty thnt can come through with revenue or "values." And tho creator in
his infinite wisdom hath so constructed,
compounded, compiled and confounded
the limited amount of groy matter within the craniums of the alaves as to secure thc greatest measure of "safety
first" possible to the owners nnd masters nf such property. Long live property, for without it mastors would nave
nothing to either eat. drink or wear or
to pull of such a glorious show as is
now being so cheaply and spectacularly
staged, for the edification of slnves and
masters alike. Hurrah for property!
Thorn's nothing like it. Long may its
back remain strong as steel nnd ita
head like unto solid ivory or reinforced
A Staggering Blow to the
"Win-the-war" Humbugs
of Australia
(From the Catholic PresB of Australia)
The triumph of Premier Byan in
Queensland must be regarded as a victory for domocracy, not only in tho
Northern State, but in the whole Commonwealth. No State election in Australia ever created greater interest. The
campaign waB watched aB closely in
New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and West Australia as in Queensland itself. For Byan has become a
national hero. He waB the ono state premier who stood by the peoplo in resisting conscription. He was the one
Labor leader who remained loyal to
tho principles and ideals of the Labor
movement. All the others were found
wanting. They betrayed the democratic
cause, and went over body and soul to
thc enemy, wrecking for tho time being
the party that had lifted them from obscurity into place and power.
Premier Ryan was slandered by the
whole Conservative press of Australia.
Throughout the Commonwealth he was
held up to execration. He was branded
as a disloyalist. His Irish name and
his religion were used to promote sectarian prejudice against him. He was
a Sinn Foiner, we were told, and the
head of a Sinn Foin government, which
thought more of Ireland than of thc
Empire. He was an anti-war man.
Prime Ministor Hughes wont to Queensland during the conscription campaign
to thoroughly expose the iniquities of
Ryan, and, if necessary, to crush hira
and his colleagues. Before a carefully-
ticketed audience in the Exhibition
Building, the Queensland premier and
ministry were solemnly impeached by
Mr. Hughes, and then the military were
ordered to break into the Government
Printing Office, nnd aeize "Hansard,"
containing a report of a debate on conscription, in which arguments used by
the premier were printed that had been
censored by the daily papers. In addition, the members of the government
wero threntened with imprisonment by
Mr. Hughes, who passed through
Queensland like a tornado, being interrupted only at Warwick, where ho came
into contact with an ancient egg. This
incident was described in tho press of
Australia as an attempt on his precious
life, at the instigation of thc Queensland government, which, we wero told,
had refused to extend to him tho protection of the law. Never was there
a greater to-do. Queensland was painted as a land of anarchy, in which tho
Sinn Feiners did aB they pleased. Surely
no more powerful argument could be advanced in favor of conscription, with
Billy as a military dictator. In tho
meantime he created a comic Commonwealth police force to maintain law
and order in the Northern State.
During all this commotion, Premier
Ryan kept his head. If he had not
been a cool, strong mnn, the outrageous
conduct of the prime ministor might
hnve led him to serious trouble, resulting in a bloody conflict between the
state and federal authorities. On less
provocation there have been insurrections in other countiieB. But Byan
knew Australia, know that Hughes and
those who supported and barracked for
him could be loft to the judgment of
the people at the ballot box. He met
the assaults of the erratic prime min-
iater with constitutional weapons, nnd
defeated him, emerging from tho conflict the most reapected and popular
public man in the Commonwealth.
No one who witnessed his reception
in Sydney, after his encounter with
Hughes, will ever forgtt it. The whole
city roBe to welcome him, and no Bo-
mnn general, returning from a successful campaign, was greeted with
moro delirious joy. "After all, it pnya
to go straight," a federal politician reflected the othor day, on witnessing a
demonstration of the esteem in which
the Hon. John Meagher is hold by his
fellow-citizens. It certainly pays an
Australian to be a good Australian, to
put Auatrnlia lirst, and to look to the
Australian peoplo and not to the dukeB
and duchesses of England for recognition and reward. Instead of becoming
a mere state politician, the young
Qjeensland premier became n national
loader, the popular idol of the Common-
It became clear that in his own state
he had earned, if any premier had ever
earned, a renewal of popular confidence.
During his three years tenure of office
ho hns done an incalculable service to
his state. His policy has been humane
and progressive, to the bonefit of every
interest, in thc country. Queensland is
the only stute in which tho profiteer
hns not hnd his own way, or been encouraged to fleece the people. It costs
less to live in Queensland thnn in any
other part of Australia. Meat in
Queensland is only hnlf tho price it is
in New South Wales, thanks to the luws
of the government and the state cnttle
stations nnd state butcher shops, whicli
are conducted in the big centres of
population. In New South Wnles every
stute enterprise hus been muddled nnd
mismanaged; in Queensland they are
run on strict business principles, and
they nil show n hnndsomo proflt. ' The
total price paid for cattle stations wns
£095,985, and the estimated profit for
the end of the last financial year was
£102,809, exclusive of leases surrendered to the crown, valued at £127,000.
While Mr. Hughes and Mr. Holman
have been talking about winning the
war, thc Queensland government, by
itB wise study of events, its appreciation of the problems of thc future, and
its prudent action, has mnde preparations for the government's ahare in
Queensland 'a nntionnl destiny bb a great
meat supplier to a recuperating and reconstructing empire. Again, the Queensland government's scheme of accident,
flre and life insurance is an unqualified
BueoesB, nnd a model for all the other
states. Tho Queensland State Insuranco Office possesses an active staff
of over 100 officers, conducts about 20
branches all over the state, and hns
been compelled to fight tho insurance
companies in all the courts of the empire, yet it hns reduced rates nnd increased benefits, und hns not cost thc
treasury or the taxpayer ono penny.
The Ryan administration was described as n government of rebels. It
is certainly anti-conscriptionist; bnt
it is the only government thnt hns
done nnything worth talking about for
the soldiers. Here aro a few of ita
l. Settlomint   provided   for   10,740
Holdlers.    Cost   £80,888
Colored Jap
The most durable cotton
dress fabric on the market; suitable for making
beach dresses, house
gowns, kimonas, negligees,
smocks, middies and children's dresses and rompers. Colors now in stock
are pale pink, mid pink,
three shades of old rose,
raspberry, sky, Alice, Belgian blue, Copenhagen,
champagne, maize, biscuit
grey, tan, mid brown, cardinal, gunmetal, reseda,
laurel and Bussian green,
admiral blue, navy and
white; 31 inches wide,
35-^ per yard.
Hairline stripe Jap crepes,
in black, blue, red and yellow stripe on white and
sand ground; splendid
heavy quality; 31 inches
wide.   Special, 25£ yard.
575 Granville "Phone Sey. 3540
Negotiations are still being carired
on in connection with the agreement
presonted to the shipping interests by
the International Longshore mens Association. There ia no serious difficulty
in the wny of a settlement. The actions
of one stevedore company has created
some disaffection among the men but
thero is every likelihood of the matter
boing satisfactorily straightened out.
The Betail Clerks
W. H. Hoop, tho international organizer of the Retail Clerks Association, haB
just returned from Victoria, where he
reports that the Clerks Union is making very fine progress. The Metal
Trndes Council and the Trndes Council
are working hnnd in hand with the
Clerks for bettor conditions. The
workors of Victoria bave determined
that such miserable wages as $5, $6,
$7 and .$8 n week for women workers
hnvo got to be a thing of the pttBt, and
the presidents of these respective
bodies have been appointed to work
with the Clerks in preparing the case
to go before the Minimum Wage Board
to be appointed in the next few days.
Tho increase in the coat of living ia
fast driving many of tho workers mad,
and especially the female workors, and
while it is true thnt here and there the
men are sticking, with partinl succcbs,
to offset thc rnpid rise in the
price of commodities, the men
have n distinct duty to perform
towards their womenfolk, and nre expected to assist in seeing that the Minimum Wage Board is immediately appointed and the investigation begun.
Thc board in Manitoba has recommended that girls over eighteen who cannot
speak Engliah, for instance, who work,
in pickle factories, bag fnctories, etc.,
are to get $9.50 per week, while aU
others are to receive $10 por week.
ThiB sum includes $6 per year for union
dues. The board recognizes that the
pnyment of union dues is an osBential
part of the wage systom and the girls'
only renl protection against unscrupu-
lous employers. Everywhere these provisions are being made for the women
workers, nnd it now remains for the
Clerks themselves to take a hnnd in
drawing closer to tho Big Labor Movement.
The Central Body of Vancouver will
be immediately approached .to take a
hand in preparing tho case for tho
women workers nnd to demand thnt the
Minimum Wage Board gets down to
business as soon as possible, and the
Clerks Union nt ita next meeting
will nlso take steps to denl with the
mntter. Every clerk iu the city is expected to line up nnd do their bit. Orgnnized Labor demands thnt tho clerks
who stay outside the union whining
nbout the increased cost of living nnd
conditions generally get into the union
nnd help to put thingB right; it is thc
clerk outside the union thnt is the cause
of most of thc trouble. A good or*
ganization will build up good business
which can pny decent wnges.
2. Dwellings fur 04 returned soldiers.
Cost    29,411
8, Railway fares, Exiietlftlonnly
Forces; carlr'afco «f nods, railwny
concosBloni, etc .„ oo.ooo
4. Hi'ijiissiim of rents dub by soldiers     49,577
6. Iie|[nl ns). ist uni'- trlvon, free of
clirirp-. by |>ublii- curator, valued
at      4,000
6. 8-JCOOIRlon   ftnd   |irot»tfi   duty   re
mitted   fnr   .l.-|i.<iHku(fi        4-fiOO
7. (Irani tn Uwldi-ntlal Club      1,000
8. Payment  nf   Miperaunuatlon   and
Insurance    preiniutus    duo    by
publlo servants "nllitlnn     8,000
8. KstnlillNhment of Holdlen.' Inquiry
Offico nnd Soldiers' Employment
Office.     Cost    r     1,000
Tho Ryan government provided on thin
year's loan estimates an amount of £200,000
for public works for itotdler settlement.
All the profiteering concerns, not only
of Queensland, but of Australia, woro
arrayed against tho Ryan government.
The big capitalistic newspapers of
Queensland misrepresented and denounced the ministry daily, and resorted to the most unscrupulous tactics,
with the object of prejudicing the
people against it. The fact that the
premier nnd four of his colleagues nre
Catholics wns seized upon to stir up
sectarianism against them. "Leagues
of Loyalty" were formed, and Protestant meetinga were summoned and nd
dressed by lugubrious parsons nnd other
Orange nondescripts, whose fulminu-
tions ngainst the government were recorded at length in the daily papers.
But all to no purpose. The people
could not be fooled. And sectarianism
waB once again cast upon thc rubbish
heap, the lie direct whb given to the
wretched newspapers, the pretensions
of tho Nationalist patriots were trampled upon, and Byan and his colleagues
wero roturned to power with a triumphant and overwhelming majority.
They swept the stato from end to end,
to thn great joy of democrats throughout tho Commonwealth, and the utter
discomfiture of Mr. Hughos nnd all the
other win-tho-war humbugs, who must
see in thc Queensland elections their
own impending doom.
Propaganda  of  Education
and Organiaztion Has
Telling Effect
Members of Local 620, Steam and
Operating Engineers, aro to bo congratulated for tho determined atand
they took in enforcing the 8-hour work
day at the union rate of wages. It-was
thought by some that it would be impossible to get concerted action
amongst the engineers who are working
in various steam plants, owing to them
being segregated from other members
of organized labor. But owing to the
foresight of tho officers of Local 620
in having the loeal subscribe for the
Federationist, thereby insuring the
paper going to every member, no matter whero located, this difficulty was
overcome. Business Agent Alexander
states that he considers the paper is
doing good work by educating members
of tho union to the fact that all surplus values are created* by the workers,
and the effect of thia knowledge is being demonstrated by the Engineers in
demanding a little more of these surplus values. The following firms aro
still sticking out and refusing to grant
the demands of tho union; B. C. Cooperage, False Creek; Dollar Mills, Boche
Point; Harrison Lake Shingle Company,
Harrison Hot Springs; National Biscuit and Confection Company, Vancouver; Stolz Manufacturing Company,
Wall Street; Nanaimo Cannery, Nanaimo; B. C. Manufacturing Company,
Westminster; Cedar Mills, Boche
Point; Dominion Shingle Mills,. West*
minBtor; Victoria Lumber Company,
Chemainus; Ladner Lumber Company,
Ladner; Allison Mills, Green Point
Rapids; Powell Lake Mill Company,
Powell River; B. C. Sugar Refinory,
Vancouver; Canada Shingle Mill, Vancouver; Hunting & Merritt, Marpole.
Corporations and Mining Officials Made
Defendants lh Damage
TOMBSTONE, Ariz.—Damage suits
aggregating $4,000,000 were filed in tho
snporior court of Cochise County here
today against a number of persons and
firms alleged to have been active in the
deportation of 1,200 alleged I. W. W.
from Bisbee last year. The suitB have
nearly 200 of the deported men as
With one exception the suits ask for
the same amount—$10,000 actual darn-
ages and $10,000 punitive damages. William B. Cleary, one of tho attorneys
filing the action, who waa among thoae
deported from Bisbee, asks $50,000
actual and $25,000 punitive damages,
Cleary is now in Chicago assisting in
the I. W. W. defence.
Corporations Defendants
Six corporations and 34 mining officials and residents of Bisbee and the
Warren district are defendants in the
complaints, which allogo the defendants
and others through employment of
1,000 armed men, unlawfully arrested
and imprisoned the plaintiffs nnd transported thom to New Mexico.
True Clothes Economy
-THERE'S both fashion and economy
* in a Tom-the-Tailor suit of imported British wool. It is cut to the lines
of your figure in the style approved on
Picadilly and on Broadway. It is tailored faultlessly by union craftsmen. It is
made to wear and hold its shape so that
constant pressing is not necessary.
And the genuine all-wool fabric is
economy itself. It looks well—always.
Here's fashion that is economical-
economy prices, too.
Men'a Suite tto
Measure   from
Suits from
Raise   Promised   Letter   Carriers   for
Laat April Not Yet in Pay
Letter carriers all over the Dominion
nro complaining because of the delay
of the government in pnying out tho incrcaso which the government was to
havo put into effoct last April. This delay is causing considerable hardship,
especially among the poorer paid men,
most of whom are returned soldiers.
Those men nre receiving $2.83 per day,
nnd although the proposed increase of
$150 per year will amount to 50c a day,
it has not yot been placed in the pay
Returned Men Suffer
A great majority of the returned soldiors working for the post otfice department are not graded, and, nccord-
ing to thc proposed scale, it is only
for mon who are graded and there is
no definite knowledge whether these
men will rocoive the increase or not.
The Lotter Carriers Association is doing all in its powor to aid the returned men, but it cannot force the governmont to grade thoae men and give them
a decent wage. Most of them have not
Been fit to join the association. No
initiation fee is charged and the dues
are only 35c per month. Organized
labor can help out by sending a protosh
to Ottawa demanding that the increase
bo paid without further delay.
Now Westminster and Victoria to take
part in the arrangements. The committee meets Saturday afternoon at 4
o'clock to mnke final arrangements. The
executive committee meets this (Friday)  ovoning at 8 o'clock.
Ten new members were initiated and
arrangements made to hold a big
smoker at the latter end of this
month.   Invitations have been sent to
Phone Seymour 2492
Another grout plicnomennl piny
"Her Great
Don't miss this play.
Prices:    15c, 30c, 40c.
■*■*■■ iih wns
  Many Other Fjrtnwi	
Union Store
Union Shoes
Union Clerks
10% Off to Returned Soldiers
Shoes for
TITE make a specialty of workingmen's shoes—made of
"™    selected leather such as will meet hard knocks and
stand rough usage—solidly built up and strongly put together.
Leckie's Union Made
Shoes at $7.50
—a union shoe, made right here
in Vancouver—stout box kip
uppers—heavy double soles—
pegged—made on a foot-form
last—one of the most comfortable working shoes made—
Beaver Brand Shoes
—$5.00 and $6.00
—an extra strong work shoe-
extra good material—extra
strong made—in tan grain-
black chrome and Urus calf—a
thoroughly reliable working
$5 and $6
An Exceptional Shoe for $5.00
This shoe comes in black, tan or brown—oil grain leather
all through—double soles—stitched and . <bC AA
pegged.   Wonderful value at N>*-»i vl/
Our Guarantee With Every Pair: "Your Money's Worth or
Your Money Back"
33 - 45 - 47- 49, Hastings Sr. East.


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