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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 18, 1921

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
_J.DCSTI._A__ UNITY:   STRENGTH .^	
THIRTEENT? YEAR.   No. 45.        FOUR PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVER ttUDBS AND LABOR COUNCIL.
. ■■   '■ ------';      ■ ■ , ■ .     '
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 18,1921
POLITICAL ONITTi VICTO-H .
$2^0 PER YEAR
RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT
MOST STABLE IN WORLD IS
OPINION OF J. R. RNIGRT
Canadian Recently Returned front Russia Portrays
in Vivid Language the Struggles of the Russian '
People for Freedom—Makes Eloquent Appeal
"for Assistance for Famine Sufferers-
Sum of $1090 Is Realized
With twenty pounds of his last*t ion—they have established Instltu-
kvoirdupols recovered—lost during
hla recent four months' stay ih
Russia—Joe Knight was still sufficiently ascetic of force and flgure
to typify in a measure the heroic
•uttering of the starving millions
for whom he pled with arresting
Woquence before paoked crowds at
the Royal and Colonial theatres
last Sunday afternoon ahd evening.
Though not really tall) the spare-
Bess of his grey-clad form seemed
to add a fictitious cubit tb his stature, as he stood erect before his
audience or swayed llthely hither
and thither with Impassioned gesture, his keen but kindly eyes
flashing lire from the shadowed
.depths of thin clean-cut features,
topped with a crown of already
greying' hair. "The greatest thing
that ever happened to me"—was
how he described his visit to Soviet
Rnt-sia.
"TKe  workers «f  Russia  have
•   .been suffering for you," declared
X O. Smith, as chairman, at the
, afternoon meeting.    "You. cannot
suffer with thom; the only way you
©an help them ls by sending funds
"In order for tfiem to get what is
necessary for them to continue.*'
J. Kavanagh sounded a similar
note In a like capacity at the evening gathering. A collection was
tfeken on each occasion, the two
•mounting to 11090.90. Questions
were also dealt with.
"It Is very difficult to understand
just how much the Russian work-
era have accomplished," began
j Comrade Knight, "unless we first
'take into consideration the tremendous difficulties they have had to
overcome. In spite of all the obstacles ln their way-^brought
about by war and counteYrevolu-
IIP. (I
Unemployed Appoint:
Committees to Look
After Interests
Hon. H. H. Stevens to Be
Asked for Solution of
Unemployment
There was a large attendance of
delegates at the Council of Workers
meeting held on Tuesday night,
and from the calling of the meeting
to order to adjournment there was
lots of life and discussion.
A communication from thc Com
mittee of the Privy Council, outlining the Federal unemployed relief
policy was read and ordered filed,
the secretary wus also instructed
to Bond copies of this letter to all
organizations affiliated with the
council.
Tho delegates appointed  at the
mass moeting of the unemployed
• last Fridays-reported that the city
. council had been Interviewed with
respect to the supplying ol work or
relief for the unemployed and that
■ they had been turned down flat, the
committee of the city council Biking the position that only married
men should obtain relief.
. South, Vancouver delegates reported that relief was being given
in thnt municipality overy Tuesday
and Friday. Ten dollars to married
men and one dollar for each child,
■Ix dollars to singlo meu and ten
dollars to men supporting their
parents. This relief has nothing to
do with relief work.
' There was a very lively discussion as to what could be done
for the unemployed and lt was Anally deolded to appoint a committee
to arrange for the Hon. H. H.
Stevens to address a mass meeting
of the unemployed, on the Cambie
Street grounds lf possible, and if
not, in the pander Hall, on Saturday afternoon. The minister of
Trnde and Commerce to be asked
■to outlino what steps could be
taken to relieve tho unemployed.
A collection will be taken up at the
meeting for the Council df Workers, which receives no per capita
tax and depends on voluntary contributions. N <*
. It was reported that some
trouble.had been' encountered by
the committee entrusted with the
advertising arrangements for Joe
Knight's meetings for the Famine)*'
Sufferers of Russia, and/ that Con
Jones had refused to allow advertising to be placed on his premises,
and the delegate reported that in
the Grandvlew district a man
named Meston had torn down the
bills from the post outside of his
•tore.
One dollar and fifty cents ls the
oost for a six months subscription
to the Federatlonist.
tions taht are a foundation for future freedom." He spoke of the
wonderful solidarity of the 'people
as a tremendous thing, and declared: "Of all the administrations in
the world, the most stable today is
the administration of Soviet Russia."' (Applause.)
■ They jhud .already entered on
thelik fifth, year—years of fighting,
of actual war—since November,
1917; and they had previously lost
7,000,000 killed In the European
war. 'There was great misery. In
Russia previous1 lo the overthrow
of the Czar's autocracy; as to the
press claim that it was due to the
Soviet administration, the speaker
wondered "how they can have the
supreme gall to make that assertion."
Trotsky and Lenln Take Hold,
Continuing, he* briefly narrated
how, on Nov. 7, 1917, "Trotsky and
Lentn took hold of Russia and
have held it' ln their hands ever
since."* How Kerensky came and
promised to give the people what
they demanded—and failed. How
the party of 'no compromise' arose
and taught the peasants that if they
wanted land, they must take It for
themselves by throwing off the
landlords; the workers that, If they
•wanted the factories, they must do
likewise; and the soldiers that, if
they "wanted peace, they must settle with their own exploiting class.
Then how they had been assailed
by Kolchak and Denikin, by, Yudenieh and Wrangel, and by Polish
aggression, backed by capitalist
gold. "During these four years,
they have .been fighting on all
fronts."
The speaker had himself seen the
great aviation ground of Moscow,
with its "up-to-date murder ~ machines"—oVer 200 of them—not
one made ln Russia! There they
were the products of the various
capitalist countries, captured from
Kolchak, Denikin and the rest;
sent against Russip, in the vain
hope of a possibility of weakening
the morale of her people. "Russia faces the world with fortitude,"
he said, "and with the knowledge
of a strength that will see them
through."    (Applause.)
The Red army was a veVy significant institution. Not thirsting for
blood, they still recognised a need
and stood ready to' flght the invader. They had done mor* to bring
solidarity between the peasant and,
the city worker than any other
(Continued op Page 8)
E
South Vancouver Socialist
Candidate Sure to Go
to Poll
J. Kavanagh's campaign manager has stated that there is no
doubt as to the Socialist candidate
going to the polls, as the local committee has already collected more
than enough money to covor the
nomination fee.
Three moeting.1. have been arranged for during the coming%week,
the flrst on Wednesday at the Se-
cord school at fllst and Victoria
road, the second on Thursday, at(
the Brock school, 33rd and Main.
The last will be held on Friday, at
the McBrido school, 29th and Cul-
loden. All three meetings will com
mence at Sap.m. sharp.
With the day .of election drawing
nearer, the contest In South Vancouver is warming up. On Tuesday
all .five candidates addressed the
veterans, Kavunngh, ns Asunl, explaining the issues of the election
from a working class viewpoint.
All members of the committee are
working hard, nnd hopo to seetheir
efforts crownedwvith success.
Subsistence Level Is
, Based on Figureuf
Labor Gazette
Between 400 and 500 jobless
workers assembled in the Pender
HaU last Friday night at the call
of the Council of Workers, to discuss the question of organizing the
unemployed, so that their Interests
could be taken care of in the winter months. The result was the
election of two committees of 12,
all members of which are to be
unemployed workers, the secoiftl
committee acting as a feeder to
the flrst ln the event of members
of that committee obtaining employment. It was also decided to
send four members of the committee to act as delegates at the meetings of the Council of Workers,
In opening, Chairman J. G.
Smith outlined- the objects of the
meeting, and stated that the Council of Workers had appointed a
committee to investigate' and bring
In a report- as to the amount necessary to maintain the idle workers. This committee, he stated, had
gathered from the figures given In
the Labor Gazette, that married
men on relief should receive $27.60
per week, and single, men $20. The
committee also reported that, men
should receive when working not
less than $34.50. These figures, according to statistics to bc found ln
the Labor Gazette, being the lowest amounts on which men can live.
J. Kavanagh, in opening his ad'
dress, pointed out that it was Armistice Day, and that in spite of the
ideals which the men who had
fought for democracy held, the
war was a commercial one, and
that conditions are now worse than
they were before the war period.
Referring to Russia, he stated there
ls-want In that country, but everybody is In need, while on this continent, there fs want on the one
hand and riches on the other.
Continuing,-he stated there are
six and three-quarter million people idle-in the United States, and in
Canada there is at least one million, including women and children
affected by unemployment, yet
there are millions of bushels of
wheat in the granaries. He referred to the fact that Germany was
paying off her indemnity by sending commodities to Great Britain
nnd other Allied countries, while
tho British miners were Idle, because the coal operators*of the British Isles could not compete' with
eonl produced in Germany. He
pointed out that farmers w*re
burning corn In the United States
because there was no market for lt
and that less wheat was sown last
year than the ye'ar before, because
tho price- wns too low.
Referring to the conscription of
men In-191*7; he pointed out that
those left to carry on industry
could produce all that was necessary to feed those left behind, and
at the same timo produce, munitions,- food, clothing and shelter
(Continued on pago 4)
Make Things Unpleasant
for American ' N
Diplomats
TIE SPIERS
All ROYAL
C. N. fl. X. Smoker.
Tho C. N. U. _ Is holding Us
flrst Smoker, Monday, November
21st. A good concert programme
has been arranged.
Smoker will be held In the S. P.
of C. Hall, commencing at 8 p.m.
Prince Rupert Helps
The Prince Rupert Russian
Famine Relief Committee has to
date collected the sum og $818 for
the famine sufferers. The Deep Sea
Fishermen have donated J100 but
this amount has not yet bcen received and is not included Iii the
above sum.
. ei ■ e . iiii.i.in.ie.n..e".'.e"ei.eiiem
Smoker and Concert
UNDER AUSPICES C.N.U.$
Smokes - Eats - Drinks
OOOD CONCERT TALENT
S. P. C. HALL, Corner Dunlevy and Pender
MONDAY, NOV. 21, 8 ]j.m.
ADMISSION 75 CENTS
ie>|iii •a*a-a"i"»»t*a"a~**a'>t**4
Socialist Party Will Have
All Candidates on
Platform
-Uthough there were several
counter attractions In the city last
Sunday night, a good sized audience assembled at tho Royal thean
tre to hear tho case for the Socialist Party of Canada.
J. Harrington was the speaker
of the evening, his address being
full of interest and bright humor.
Dealing with the popular issues being put forward by the orthodox
politicul parties In order to catch
votes, he pointed out that an extensive advertising campaign was
of the greatest importance te those
who had something to sell, like
Bed-ham's Pills or anything else.
The attitude of' the working class
voter on election day was as un
reasonably stupid towards his own
Interests as at any other time. The
development of a class-consciousness In the minds of the workers
was the task which called the Socialist Parly Into the present campaign, tho most vital need of the
age. In tho meantime, by listen
Ing to the mouthings and chenp
political thunder of professional
spell-binders, the working class
would get all that they ever did or
could get under capitalism, and
that was the wage slave's portion;
hard work and pauperism. The
speaker urged his audience to put
their energy Into .the present flght;
the revolutionary movement being
tho only hope of the working.class
Outside meetings held by the Socialist candidates are bejng well-
utlended, and valuable work ls being done.
Next Sunday night at the-Royal
tho speakers will be J. Kavanagh,
T. O'Connor and J. D. Harrington.
A meeting of great Interest can be
expected.
Tonight, J. Harrington will
"speak in Grandview, at the Chamber of ^Commerce, 1029 Commercial
drive on Tuesday, November 22, a
meeting will bo held in the King
Edward High School. On Wednesday, November 23, T. O'Connor will
Upeuk in Pendor Hall, 8 p.m.
Ten   Thousand   Troops
at Sacco - Vanzetti
Demonstration
(By Ida Glatt)
■ (For the Federated Pre__)
Paris, Oct. 23.—(By Mail.)—I
have Just returned from the Paris
Saeco and yapzettl demonstration.
The Parle workera demonstrate
with lyric enthusiasm. It woe
quite evident that the French gov-;
ernment disapproves of lyric tin-
thuBiasm, for a goodly part of the
French army was mustered out to
keep the workers from "lyrlclsllig"
In front of the American embassy,
where Myron T. Horriok, United,.
States ambassador, might be dls-
t-rhed during his Sunday afternoon
nap.
-The horizon bluo uniforms of
the Fronch regular army with their
gray metal helmets formed a striking contrast to the navy blue, red-
braided cape uniforms of the Garde
Republicaine whose white metal
helmets sport a long horse's tail as
decoration. Detachments of cavalry,, infantry and motorcycle -police gathered together to keep Mr.
Herrlck from having bad dreams'
about Sacco and Vanzetti. All the
way down the Avenue de Grand
Armee from tho Place dsl'Btplle,
waves upon waves of workers rolled to the place of meeting—the
Porte-Maillot, surrounded by . the
French army, fen thousand troops
to keep ten thousand workers away
from the American embassy! A.
bit expensive!
Marcel Caohln, head ot the Communist faction In the Chamber of
Deputies, mounted the tribune and.
cried, "Shall the United States satiate its dollar god with the blood)
of our two Italian comrades, Sacco
and VanzettlT' A thunder of
'never"'arose from the crowd.
"Sacco and Vanzetti are doomed!
to the electric chair by the feroci-:
ous capitalism of the United
States," began Monmoussou, bf the
revolutionary Syndicalists, and
again the workers yelled Their
opinion of "the land of the free
and the home of the brave."
Vaillant-Couturlor spoke next—a
.fiery Communist orator—demanding justico on behalf or the two
Italians. His speech was Interrupt
ted with boos and hisses for the
• (Continued on page I)
KNIGHT LEAVES
T
Many Meetings Are Ar4
Arranged   for   in    '
Province
J. Knight left on Monday for
Prince Rupert and Anyox where
he will address meetings under the1
auspices of the Russian Red Cross
and on behalf of the famine1'
sufferers of Russia.
Many other meetings have been;
arranged for different parts In tho
province the arrangements to date),
being as follows; Nanaimo, Sunday, November the 27th. Cumber,
land, Monday the 28th. Ladysmith,
Tuesday the 29th. Victoria, the
SOth. "Westminster, Thursday;
December the 1st., and Vancouver
on Sunday the 4th.
Need for Assistance of
the Unemployed Is
Warehouses Full of Goods
and'People Hungry,
Says Neelands
The Labor .members In the Pro-
yincial House have had something
to say on the mud-slinging that has
been going on In that place of decorum during the past week. On
Monday nigflt, Som Outhrle said
he had listened to members on both
Bides of the House "slinging mud
kt each other," and.he was not surprised that the government was
wringing ln an Executions Act, as
fie was sure that someone would be
hung up. Ruled but of .order in
feeekfng to read extracts from a
book, the speaker seriously warned
the members he would read several
Volumes both on the eight-hour and
)the unemployment questions when
-these matters came up more specifically.
In regard to mothers' pensions,
lte stated he had been forced to believe that politics had been playing
with this-measure, and. that there
were some people who could get
pensions for others when others
who did not have a "pull" failed to
,do so.
"That Is not right," interjected
a voice.
Mr. Guthrie responded that he
had'the proof.
The unemployment question, not
having been settled in the House,
Mr, Guthrie supposed "he could not
'refer ,to it, but he could, he said,
refer to the causes of It. The reasons glvln by history were that
the'human family did not know
hotf to^ produce enough. Today,
h.owevef, they were not compelled
to he poor, for there was no difficulty in producing the things they
wanted.
Mr.' Guthrie queried what the
mon got who fought In the great
war. Nothing, but to be thMwn on
the scrap heap, he said.,, He would
not be surprised, he stated, if something more serious should happen
unless something wero done for
tlie unemployed.. Tariff reform,
talked about by both the contend
ing parties In the forthcoming election, was pure buncombe, and as
regards the Issue In the House, he
asked that lt Bhould diseontlne mud
slinging and get down and do something for the unemployed.
R. H. Neelands, speaking on the
(Continued en page 4)
Miss O'llrcnnnn to Speak
The Self-Determinntlon for. Ire*
land League has been successful In
securing Miss Kathleen M. O'Bron-
nan to speak on Sunday night at
the Pender Hall. Miss p'Brennan
Is a journalist of note, and Is ered..
Ited with being a brilliant speaker.
A large crowd Is expected io turn
out to hear her on the Eeonomla
and Social Vision of Young Ireland.  '
Danco Saturday
Don't forget tho dance on Saturday night In the Pender Halt
corner of Pender and Howe stream
Good music,- a fine floor and every
accommodation. Admission, gents
50c, ladies 26c.
The greatest assistance timt the
readers of The Federatlonltt era
render us at tills time, lg by securing a new subscriber. By doing t»(
yon .spread .the news of lho working class movement and assist us
Mrs. Woodsworth and T.
Richardson to Speak at
Dreamland Sunday
The Federated Labor Party had
nn excellent meeting at the'pjcturo
theatre, 26th and Main street, last
Sunday evening. Comrade C.
Cassidy was in the chair, and in
the course of his remarks, stated
that it gave him the greateat pleasure to appear on the platform to
help Comrade Richardson in his
campaign, and urged the electors
of Vancouvor South to do all in
their, power to elect Richardson, as
he had proved himself a capable
fighter for the workors.
Mrs. G. S. Corse, in her address,
wh(ch* occupied 45 minutes, informed the audience that sho had It on
Camouflage Decision by
Stating Road Not Involved in July Move
U.   S.   Railroad   Labor
Board Starts Another
Slashing Process
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago—Following closely upon
the solemn assurances given the
chiefs of the Railway Brotherhoods
that no more wage cuts were in
prospect—for a time at least—the
United States Railway Labor Board
Wednesday1 did what many
union Labor leaders expected,
started another wage slashing process that must Inevitably revive nation-wide strike plans.
Over the protest of A. O. Wharton and W. L. McMenlmen, Labor
members, the board out rates, of
pay for virtually all classes of railroad employees of the New Orleans
& Great Northern Railroad Company of Mississippi. The announcement camouflaged the decision by
declaring that this particular road
was not a party to the case involving the wage increase of July 1
lost.
Simultaneously -with the announcement of the wage cut, the
National Industrial Trafflc League,/
composed of the big shipping interests of the country, in convention
here, adopted a resolution urging
the railroads to press thoir claims
for further wage reduction as a
basis for freight rate readjustment.
This action is expected to mako
It possible for the railroad executives to barnstorm the Railway Labor Board with demands for furthor hilarious wage cutting, and at
the same time plead, '"It ain't us as
wants it, but ye gods! what would
you do? Blame the shippers!" The
resolution of the shippers urges
that "all employees of earners be
reduced in wages to a point corresponding to the salaries and wages
in other lines of work," whatever
that may mean.
Under the Railway Board's ruling, train and engine service employees were returned without
qualification to the rates of pay in
effect March 1, 1920, but rates for
shop crafts' and roundhouse laborers were" specified by the board
class by .class and station agents
were similarly rated.
The decision said the road's representatives testified to an operating deficit of J500.OOO for 1920, and
a further operating deficit of $95,-
000 fot the flrst half of 1921, together with deferred maintenan
of $400,000, accumulated since the
ending of Federal control.
AH classes of employees on the
road, the decision said, except
maintenance of way forces, declined to accept the reductions of July
last or rates proposed by the roads.
The dissenting opinion tiled by
Wharton differed from the minor
ity decision "with particular refer
ence to the manifestly unjust and
unreasonable treatment accorded
shop employees ln tho decision and
tho Indefensibly low rate establish
ed tor laborers.
"By this decision tbo board has
(Continued on pago 4)
TflSTREET RAILWAYMEN
PRESENT THEIR CASE TO
THE CONCILIATION R0ARA
_-_   ,   ,,                 Mil Mil      ■   _ *
W. H. Cottrell Shows That Fight Is Between Large
Corporation and 1500 Employees-Ridicules Idea
That Present Conditions Make a Laughing
Stock of Mr. Murrin—Points Out That v
He Is Successful Manager
On Tuesday morning the repre-fralway concern*. but, Mr. Chair-
good authority that 80 per cent, of
the members of the Houso at Ottawa was composed of lawyers and
other members who there repre
sonted the interests of the owning
class of this county, and if they
looked for nny Improvement In the
conditions of the working people,
while such a. stale of affairs lasted,
(lien they would look in vain. Thc
speaker referred to thc recent enmpaign for a womnn senator nt Ottawa from British Columbin, and
Hinted thnt in her opinion, nny decent-minded woman should not associate with any senntor as a protest against their action during Inst
session In refusing to raiso the ami
of consent to an act to prevent assaults on young girls. Dealing with
a statement of Mr. Ladner, of tho
Mongrel Meighen Coalition government, that they had nothing to Im
ashamed of in their record, the
speaker asked If thc speeding of
$189,000 in prosecuting the vvork-
ej-s, in Winnipeg, who only nskod
for the right of collective bargain-
(Continued on page 8)    ,
Meeting
Of the Unemployed
WILL BB IJELD ON THE
CAMBIE STREET GROUNDS
On Sunday Afternoon
at 9 o'clock
The committee appointed on Friday, November ll^will
' •   make a report on its aetivities.
A
NEWTWIST TO
AN OLD HEM
Proposal to Cancel War
Debts Must Intitule
_entatl.es of the Street and Elec
trie Railway Employees ot Vancouver, Viotorla and New Westminster, began to lay their
case before the Conciliation
Board, appointed by the Department of Labor, on request of
the B. C. Electrio Railway Company, which It now ln session to
decide whethor the contention of
the oompany to the. effect that a
wage cut Is now In order, is correct
or not. W. H. Cottrell -opened the
case for the men, and stated that
he would prefer to deal with
working conditions, than the
cost of living and wages, Although
there has been considerable cross-
firing during the proceedings, this
ls not a personal mntter between
Mr. Murrin, and myself. It Is a
question between a large corporation and 1600 ot Its employees,
On the one hand, a large corporation, seeking to obtain Its labor
at,t_,e cheapest rate, and have the
worKlng conditions cut to the most
economical basis possible, and on
the other hand, 1600 employees
seeking to maintain fair wages and
decent working conditions.
A large corporation, so large In
tact, that neither the city nor the
Provincial government can begin to
think about buying them out at
the present time. This Is even more
far-reaching than that. Mr. Murrin has made the statement that
"the coat of living in Vancouver is
the lowest ln Canada, and the
wages the highest." The atreet
railway companies over this continent are well organized. In their
secret councils and conventions,
they discuss ways and means of
getting special privileges. It Is a
part of thcir business. They are
always asking for special, privileges
and pleading special consideration.
They want special consideration' so
that they shall not be subject to
the ordinary rules governing rates
of pay for overtime, etc. They will
explain that their business ls different to the ordinary Industries,
and it should be given special consideration, and that it ls such a
pleasant thing to work for a street
railway cbmpany that they should
not pay high wages to their employees.
Mr. Murrin has very cleverly
tried to convey the impression of
a poor downtrodden compnny' dominated by its employees, and that
because of the wonderful conditions
these men have "demanded and obtained, as he himself has expressed
it to the board, he, ls the laughing
stock of other managers of street
man, thla la not a faot Mr. Murrin Is a success. As a atroet call-
way manager, he Is a decided success, and no one knows that better
than himself. He may for purpose*
of his own try to giv* thla board a
different Idea, but because ot the
economical system under whicb tbe
B, C, E. R, Co. li run under ht*
management, and In spite bf the
organisation and conditions the
men work under, or perhaps I
ahould say, coincident with the conditions, Mr. Murrin Is" an outstanding, efficient, successful atreet railway manager, and accepted as such
In the street railway tforld, These
things are discussed, and I know
of them. I have been to many'
different cities on this continent,
and as a street car man, I naturally
take considerable Interest in the
systems under which the.cars are
run when I am In another city,
f.nd from my observation, I know-
hat the Vancouver system will'
compare favorably wtth any other
city on the continent. There is less -
time wasted ln operation than ln
other cities, and the men are evident. The company ls run on the
most economical basis. In- dealing
with the question of time and a-
halt for Sundpy work, Mr. Cottrell
presented the following statement '
to the board:
Wo claim the same consideration
in this respect as other workers In
this city and vicinity.
It ls generally conceded that aa
far as possible, Bunday be considered a day of rest, and at little
work as possible be done on that
day.
The Sunday observance Is general
ln Canada today, and ls appreciated
(Continued on page I) ,
L
ARE ORGANIZING
(By The Federated Press)
(New York" Bureau)
New York.—A new twiat has
been given to the proposals wl.icl^
nro being Industriously circulated
for a reduction 'or complete cancellation of the Interallied debts.
The proposnl of the British Na-
tlonal Committee of tjie Interna-'
tlonal Chamber of Commerce
call upon the British government to
start si/eh negotiations, according
to tlie London Dnily News, comes
nt tho "Interesting" moment when
the Russian government has cond!-
tionnlly proposed to pay tho debts
tax other nations Incurred by the
czarist lc regimo.
"We believo," tho London Daily
News Is quoted ns saying, "that
whon, ns now seems inevitable, a
conference is cnlled to consider the
question of Interallied debts, It will
bo Impossible to nvold Including
Russia In any schemo of cancel?
lation that is accepted if there is
real intention to admit Russia to
the comity of nations."
Persons here who hnve followed
closely the diplomacy of recent
years In which tlio Russinn .Soviet
atatesnJen have outgeneraled the
allied and Americnn politicians' at
almost every point ln such negotiations and Interchanges nu
havo tnken place, point out thnt
this may be ono moro instance in
which Moscow has seixee. the psychological moment,and ngnin availed itself of the confused and opportunistic efforts of world capitalism to extricate Itself from tho
financial net In which It has entangled itself. They assert that nny
attempt at debt repudiation by
France nnd Englnnd snd the other
Uied and "associated" nations
which is not mnde to Include
Russia, will bc a confusion of Insincerity; nnd further that It wonld
Involve financial Juggling which
could not full to end In disaster.
North Vancouver Jobless
to Hold Another Meeting on Sunday
Last Sunday ihe unemployed
of North Vancouver held a meeting on the Esplanade opposite Larson's Pavilion. Fellow worker
Ooote waB clectid as chairman and
secretary and a start was. made
towards organizing thc unemployed of thc. Nbrth Shore city.   N
Two Bpeakers, J. Dennis and A.
Kirk wero ln .attendance and close
attention wus pnid by those present to what, they had to say on
the position of the working class.
Ou Monday, a n u m ber of t lte
idle workers waited on the City
Council, and a Btrong protest was
made against the discharge of a
worker for speaking. on- the job.
On Sunday next there will be a
meeting In the K. P. hall and good
speakers will bc in attendance and
the work of organizing will be advanced .another step. Every unemployed worker on the* North
Shore ls invited to attend this
meeting,
O. B. V. GENERAL WORKERS
The referendum ballots on the
amendment* to the Constltutidli,
adopted hy the third annual convention of the O. B. V., can he secured nt Pender Hail. All members am requested to attend the
next regular meeting, Nov. 23, so
tlmt tlie vote on (lie referendum
may reflect thc wishes of the membership.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call arcund to tho ofllce and get
them.
Replies to Sam Guthrie's
•Questions on Fed.
Prosecution
On Wednesday, Nov. 9, Mr. Sam
Outhrle, M. L.. A, for Newcastle
riding, asked the attorney general
tho following questions:
1. Was a criminal prosecution
commenced against Mr. A. S. Wells,
editor of the*By C. Federationist at
Vancouver, in the month of September, 1921, upon the charge of
publishing a pamphlet entitled
"Left Wing Communism, an Infantile Disorder?."
2, Was the said, pamphlet—'
namely. "Left Wing Communism,
an Infantile Disorder"^-prlor to
publication In Vancouver, published In the United Kingdom with the
full knowledge of tho British government nnd without tho authorities in Oreat Britain taking ihe exception to such publication ?
•3. Was the snld pamphlet, prior
to pngHcatlbn in Vancouver, published in other countries and in tho
United States, with thc full knowledge of the governments of Said
countries nnd without the authorities in such countries taking tlio
exception to such publication?
4. For a considerable time prior
to the present prosecution, did BUClV
pamphlets hnve government mailing facilities ln Canada and tho
United States?
5. Has thero been any other and
If so, what Instance of criminal prosecutions Instituted in British Columbia for entertaining or publishing political, opinions?
6. Is tbe minister aware tbnt
Mr. A. S. Wells, the defendant in
the •above-mentioned proceedings,
is nn active lender of Socialist
thought in British Columbia?
7. Is there any connection between the political beliefs of Mr.
Wells and the present prosecution?
The replies given by the attorney
general were ns follows:     *
"1. No prosecution was instituted by my department, but might
have beon by Vancouver city police,
as a communication received from
Ottawa to the effect that the pamphlet inquired about contravened
section 97B of tho Criminal Code,
was referred to the chief of police,
Vancouver, on Aug. 29, 1921.
"2.   No record.
"3.   No record.
"4.   No record.
"5.   No record.
"6.   No official Information.
"7.    No.
"8. A duty is imposed on the
polico to prosecute for 'all violations of the Criminal Code.
"9.   Answered by No. 8."
Bociety for Technical Aid to Soviet Russia
Dance and Bazaar
- -WILL BE HELD IN T1TE-
F1NNISH HALL, Clinton and Pender
SATURDAY, NOV. 26, 8 p.m.
$50.00 worth of i-.izes will bo distributed.   Everyone
purchasing a ticket will have a chance.
Gentlemen OOo Good Music Ladiea 25c
...ei ii in.ii.i.111. e i e e e e e e em >
________
_______________________
 ■ - ■   ' PAGE TWO
thirteenth year, no. a   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDfiKATlUJNlST vancopvbr, b. q
PBIDAY November 18,  _»_»
I B.C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by Tkt B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
A. a WELLS...
-.Manager
Offloe:   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Fender
Btreet Weat
Telephone Seymour 6871
Subscribtion Bates: United States ud Foreign,
83.00 per year; Canada, 32.SO per year, 81.60
for six months: to Unlona subscribing tn a
body, 16c per member per month.
TftUty of Labor: The Hope ot the World
FRIDAY..'. November 18,  1921
WITH a great flourish, and scare
headlines, the press during thc past
week informed us that the Disarmament
Conference has decided to scrap a large
number of capital war vessels. What we
have not been told,
SOMETHINGS however, is of more im-
WEWERE portance    than    the
NOT TOLD "great   news"  which
was spread over the
world for the purpose of diverting the attention of thc people from the real objects of the conference. For instance, we
have not bcen told that many of the greatest naval experts are of the opinion that
capital ships have already been scrapped
by thc development of new methods of
warfare. We have not been told that the
late war demonstrated the possibility of
future wars not being fought on battle
fronts, but that the civilian populations'
of the warring countries would bc the
object of attack, and the places where
munitions , chemical or ■ otherwise, are
being manufactured, will be at all times
objectives of the enemy.
* » •
'Another factor that has not been
pointed out, is that capitalist nations confronted with ever-increasing expense for
the upkeep o_ armies and navies, and due
to the curtailment of markets, are also
faced with an ewr-decreasing amount of
surplus values piofiueed by the workers,
and'compelled to seek relief, as all
atmaments, unemployed doles and other
costs of governments, must be met by the
employing class. If, then, thc nations
which are today facing curtailed markets,
recognize that any future wars will be
waged against the civilian populations,
the scrapping of capital ships will iv no
way decrease armaments or thc destructive forces, for the price of one capital
ship, such as built by the British Government, namely, $40,000,000, would provide a flotilla of aeroplanes which would
be much more effective in the new methods
of warfare than would enormous war vessels. Tear ^as, and numerous other
chemical products which science is
now producing, will be more effective in
reducing a civilian population to the point
of submission, than would capital ships
which could only shell the coast towns.
Munition factories do not usually happen
to be located at points on the coast, but
are as far removed from the danger of
naval attacks aB possible, and to reach
these objective paints, aeroplanes are far
more effective engines of destruction,
* • »
Wage slaves who are rejoicing because
a few obsolete ships are to be discarded,
for more effective means of destruction,
can, however, take what satisfaction thoy
like out of press reports as to the fall
in steel stocks, whieh immediately followed the, announcement that capital
.ships were to be scrapped. They may see
their emancipation in the fact that shipbuilders are already predicting added unemployment when the naval holiday is in
effect; when not only the shipyard workers, but all other workers, incidental and
necessary to the building of ships, including minors, both colal and metalliferous,
and other workers are thrown out of work
because the ruling class has decided to
eut out the waste in preparing for, and
carrying on war. They may, as J. B.
Clynes, a British Labor M. P., lias done,
conceive the idea that the workers will
bc placed at producing the necessities of
life instead of destructive forces; that the
surplus values which heretofore have been
- wasted by the ruling^clas in the destruction of human life, will be put to producing those things which the workers now
lack. But if they do allow any such fool-
ish thoughts to encumber their minds,
they wll very soon realizerfhat they have
been living in a fool's paradise.
— * * * i*
Every nation is already producing
more than thc home market can consume.
Thc foreign market is today glutted indrc
easily*and much more quickly than ever.
The competition is keener, and thc workers cannot be constantly employed for
these reasons, Thc only available market
of any magnitude loft is China., It will
only be a market for a short time, and
of necessity must become a competitor
for supremacy in the world's market, for,
as foreign capital, bo it British, American,
French or any other brand is invested in
that country, so must the capitalistic
methods of production bc instituted and
developed until the market is destroyed
and a powerful and efficient competitor
created.' Thus do all the golden dreams
fade away in the light of the truth.
Capitalists or their representatives may
scheme in Washington;', workers may
dream dreams, but the development of the
present system of society ean only bring
greater misery to the working class, and
thc day of the emancipation of human
kind front ""v. ago slavery sa much the
nearer. Human progress cannot be,delayed. The disarmament conferenco will
decide notMng. It will not settle commercial jealousies, It cannot emancipate
the workers or make their burden lighter.
That is a job for the working class and
will never be accomplished by, hysterical
press headlines, promises of relief by
capitalistic diplomats and humbugs, or
tinder the present system of society. In thi
meantime tho representatives of the capitalistic class it Washington, having created a smoke barrage, are now in secret
eonforenco, and dealing with the real ob
jects of the conference, which is the division of the spheres of influence in the
last market and field of investment. China,
which, when developed, must of necessity
add its quota to the forces which are
bringing the prcs_f_t system to an end.
NO class of labor in British Columbia
has been subjected to worse conditions than lumber workers. Laws which
were enacted to protect these men are
more observed in-tho breach than in their
enforce ment.
THE LUMBER During the time
WORKER AND when the Lum-
EIGHT HOUR LAWS berworkcrs organization was
strong, efforts were made to have these
laws enforced with some little success,
but even .then, dilapidated bunkhouses
and unsanitary conditions were encountered. Long hours were worked, and
even the laws regarding the payment of
wages were openly and flagrantly violated. Legislation which has at various
times been introduced with the object of
restricting the hours of labor ih this
industry, has invariably been opposed by
the lumber barons, all manner of reasons,
logical or .otherwise, being advanced to
show that the shortening of the hours of
labor would cripple this industry. Some
few years ago a prominent lumberman
of Victoria, at a "meeting held in the city
hall, took the position that it was essential
that Asiatics bo employed in order to
compete with the producers of Washington and Oregon, when no Asiatics were
employed in this industry in tho states referred to,
* * *
The same old reasons are now being
trotted out by the lumber barons as to
why the eight hour legislation introduced
by Major Dick Burde should be opposed.
Dire results are predicted if the hours
of labor are shortened. Competition «f
other parts of the world is advanced particularly as to why this legislation should
not be enacted, yet the fact remains that
eight hour conditions have Keen' established in other industries which, have
also to compete against other countries
which have not similar regulations in
effect.
The provincial house is composed of
representatives of ruling class interests.
Those interests are organized to perfection. When the lumber barons see that
their profits are likely to- be affected by
legislation, the word goes out that it must
not. be enacted. Usually their wishes «re
heeded, for they are-the power, or at
least a part of the power, behind the
government. One of these lumber barons
when speaking in opposition to the proposed legislation, stated "that there
would be a material increase in the export lumber trade this year and restricted
hours of labor would diametrically oppose
such progress." Beferenee was also
made to the competition of the United
States. With thie low wages prevailing
in the lumber industry in this province'
and with Asiatic labor available, if the
lumber barons cannot competo with the
U. S. which has no large amount of
Asiatic labor to fall back on, and it is
necessary forHhe lumber worker to work
ten hours a day, live iu unhealthy bunkhouses and without any sanitary conveniences, the lumber industry of this
province must be in a bad way.
»   .    * *
Whether the builders of magnificent
homes on Shaughnessy Heights from the
profits secured from the hides of the
lumber workers nre facing poverty or not,
the lnmber jacks are faced with conditions which are so bad that their lives
are one long round of misery ahd toil.
Denied thc comforts of modern oiviliza-
tion, isolated in those regions tthcro the
population is scarce, and compelled to
live and sleep in buildings which are not
fit for cow barns, insecure in thcir employment, blacklisted if they proteBt
against living liko animals, these men
have every incentive to-take a little more
interost in their own welfare. Politicians
who jump at the crack of their master's
whip, cannot aid them. Legislation
when passed will not be effective unless
they are organized strong enough to enforce their wishes. Capitalism decrees
that tho lot of a slave .shall) not be a
happy onc, but the slave who will not
fight for his existence is not worthy of
any help. In thc past the lumber worker
has demonstrated that he can organize
and fight, his present apathy is bringing
him worse conditions, longer hours and
a lower standard of living. His life will
be the more, degrading as he allows his
inaction to be taken advantage of by the
employers. The only way in which the
lumberjack' can rosist the further encroachments, of capitalism, is by organized effort. "When he has attempted and
succeeded., in putting up an effective
fight agaiijpt the present gouging tactics
of the lumber barons, he may then be able
to turn bis attention to securing a new
vantage ground, but if the eight hour
legislation becomes law it will not aid the
man in the woods unless he has the
power to enforce it, as the employing
intorests are strong enough to over ride
the legislative enactments, when there is
no opposition to their activities. The
moral should be obvious. If there is anything to be got that is worth while under
capitalism it will havo to be fought for
and held by organized effort.
ing. The World quoted "those lines
so often used, when the conditions ojt-thq
returned soldiers are being sidetracked,
namely:
"If ye break faith with us who die/
we shall not sleep though
Poppies grow in Flanders' Fields.*'
And then made the following statement:
Let no one forget that the most
authoritative statistics in. the World
War show that 10,000,000 were killed
in battle, and many more millions j
perished through the indirect causes
of the conflict, and that the war's
actual cost to those nations participating totalled $186,000,000,000.
As yet we have to learn who won the
war. Certainly British workers who did
some of thc fighting won nothing if the
World was correct when it reported that
half a million returned men in Oreat
Britain are now out of work, and that
medals won by deeds of valor are reposing in pawnshops. We do not know just
how the returned men, who are idle in this
country, like the suggestion that two
minutes hard work should have been indulged in instead of silence as an observation of the day on which peace was
declared, but did not come into existence.
We do not know how they like the hypocritical references of a capitalist press to
their dead comrades who gave their lives
because they thought they were fighting
to.make the world safe for democracy
and to make it a fit place f»r heroes to
live in. But we do know that millions
were destroyed in a war whieh settled
nothing. That men who fought thnt they
might live are now compelled to starve,
accept doles, or line up in bread lines;
that loved ones who were left behind to
fight their battle through life by those
ivho lie in Flanders1' fields are living in
straightened circumstances and war
crippled workers are daily and hourly
suffering from the horrors of capitalism;
that the world is a worse place to live in
in spite of their efforts to make it better,
and that hunger and want are on every
hand apparent and, as stated in the Press,
there is no relief in sight.
Those members of the working class
who suffered in Flanders fields and returned can keep faith with their comrades. They, with thoir fellow workers
of all nations, can and will, make th
world a better place to live in, but it will
not be by selling imitation poppies. It
will be by their efforts to create a new
society. The ruling class, which promised
so much, can never keep faith with those,
who hoped for better things because its'
interests are bound up in the perpetuation of human slavery, and as long as that
exists, those ideals which so many of ithe
workers thought they were fighting for,
can never be realized. The sacrifice was
great but unavailing, the workers wiH,
however, keep faith with those who have
gone before in the struggle for human
freedom. They will, because of necessity,
bring about a state of society where two
ininutes work or silence will not be
necessary for the observation of a peace
day which means nothing but betrayed
hopes, shattered ideals, and broken
bodies, but the freeing of humanity will
be celebrated every day by those who produce iu the enjoyment of the product of
their toil. The happy laughter of well
fed and cared-for children, freed from the
horrors bf war and starvation, will be a
pean of joy which will be all sufficient to
demonstrate that at last humanity is free,
and the mission of the working class
accomplished.' Speed thc day.
Street Railwaymen
Present Their Case to
the Conciliation Board
(Continued from Page 1)
A perusal of the legislation passed by
thc present administration will. prove
which class in society it represents.
Premier Meighen says that in hfs twelve
years of public service he has heen true to
Canada. Workers who do not own Canada, and are jobless, will no doubt appreciate the great sacrifices wliich the premier has made for those who do.
If tho policies of ruling class politicians
are the panaceas which thoy claim they
arc, how is it that after election day is
over the same old conditions, 'only more
degrading, arc always faced by thc workers! '
THE Vancouver Daily Sun suggested
on Friday last, that Armistice day
would have been more suitably observed
by two minutes of hard work, than by
that period of silence and hush. The
Daily World in-
POPPIES, MISERY formed us in an
AND KEEPING editorial        that
/AITH, Lloyd        George
sounded an optimistic note, and a_So took the position that
that had the central powers won tho war,
the conquered nations would, on thcir
own showing, have bcen in a state of sevi-
tudc beside which the unemployment and
partial ^organization would bc as noth-
Tcn thousand men out of work ia Toronto, says employment officer. Premier
Meighen says' the policy of the government is to keep Canadian factories going
and an ever-growing stream of Canadian
labor employed. Something wrong with
the policy somewhere, fbr it doesn't seem
to work as intended.
Mr. H. 0. Wells says an American and
an Englishman care for thcir countries because they believe that they belong to
them. He also states that a Japanese
cares for his country because he thinks he
belongs to it. The Jap would appear to
be pretty nearly right; if the country does
not own him, at least those who owii'lt
do. The American and the Englishman
are sure out of luck'if they happen to tie
working men, as they own nothing but
their labor power and there is littlo demand for that these days.
One way to disarm is to get rid of the
arms, The capitalistic way is to throw
away the obsolete ones and get more
efficient weapons, as thc following items
will show: >
The U. S. Chemical warfare experts
'•'say that a new and more deadly gas
has been perfected of which three
drops on any part of the body will
bring instant death. Pioture aeroplanes dropping tons of this stuff
upon .defenseless women and ohildren
in large cities. Think of the great
possibility of infecting a whole nation
with deadly germs, such as thc Spanish "Flu" or worse, and wiping out a
nation at one stroke.
A new machine gnu, electrically
controlled, with three barrels, is capable of firing 2,000 rounds in one minute in any position desired. This gun
can be operated onc mile away, thus
nrotccting its operator from attacks.
way work should be on' tbe same
basis as other employment.
New Fan Bo ice.
On the supposition that the new
fare boxes do not take up as much
of the time of the men when turning them in aa did the old ones,
the company Is endeavoring to have
"box time" pay eliminated. Mr.
Cottrell pointed out that the men
must spend time at relieving points
to secure proper supplies, and that
in transactions which covered 330
to 340, the men must be careful
Mr.
Hoover pointed out that five or six
conductors could be seen at a time
getting,change and supplies, and
that they must have green ticket,
settlers' . tickets, coppers, nickles,
dimes, etc., and this takes time.
Mr. Cottrell, dealing with the
extra 5 centa per hour for car barn
men working from 10 p.m. to 6 a.
m., said that tbe mon were regular
night men, but working on other
shifts was different.
Mr. Pettipiece, questioning Mr.
Murrin: Do you mean to tell me
that you are kicking at paying 3
or 4 mon an extra 6 cents for working on a graveyard shift? __r.~__ur-
rln offered to concede this to men
going to work after 5 p.m.
The question of wages paid to
men greasing the curves and points
was then brought up, and Mr, Cottrell pointed out In reply to Mr.
Murrln's statement that old men
could be secured to do this work
at lower wages, that he evidently
did not know much of track greasing, and that old' men could not
bend their backs to do this work,
He also pointed out that they worked seven days a week.
Mr. Murrin stated that lt was the
.intention of the. company to do
away with coupon reports under
the one-man system. Mr. Cottrell
took the position that the payment
for these reports was right in principle.
Conditions of freight men were
next dealt with. The company urging the signing up bf freight crews
for one month,
Evidently the company is seeking
to eliminate all the old privileges,
if such they can be called, as they
aro seeking to have passes limited
to the city, payment of overtime
rates in the shops, and protests
against the business agent doing
business during working hours, and
overtime for greasers all cut out,
the men'e representatives In all
cases opposing the taking away of
these conditions. The -case -Is proceeding, and tbe men expect to
finish their case today.
Mrs. Corse Flays
Gorernment
(Continued from page 1)
by all workers as a day of rest, and
a day on which they can foregather
with their family and friends.
We recognize that on that day ln
particular, ln order that the public
may take advantage o (this day to
the full extent, that the street car] end take time or lose money,
service must be maintained, and
that although we would prefer to
be with our families, participating
in the rest day, *e raust_of necessity carry'on on Sundays as on
other days. But for all that we
consider that the generally accepted plan of extra pay for Sunday
should apply to us as to all other
workers. It is true that we have
one day off ln eight, but we certainly do not consider that this ln
any way compensates for the loss
of. our Sundays. We cannot take
advantage of this day to anything
like the same extent as we could
on Sundays. Children home from
school, etc.
Mr. Murrin has said that these
men have exceptional advantages.
This may be true, but it is also certain that there are many disadvantages.
I would like to give you an outline of the hours worked by both
night and day men, so that you
mya be able to picture those condition-.
He said: Mr. Murrip haa referred
to these men having fihlshed their
work by 1.80 p,m. Tes, Mr. Chairman, that is so, but consider these
men's runs from the beginning of
their doy? They get up at 8
S.30, leave home at 4 or 4.80, start
out with their cars from 4,40 a.m.
Night men start at 2 or 4 p.m., getting off any time from 12 p. m
(midnight) to 8 a.m., and Mr. Murrin says these men are aristocrats?
If there ls anything aristocratic
about this job, it must be going
home- with the milkman in the
morning.
Mr. Cottrell also pointed out that
if a member of the Typographical
Union worked seven days a week,
he would get double time'for the
seventh day, and that Mr. Murrin
hnd stated that if he could arrange
tbe running sheet that another
200 men could get off on Sunday,
and ths.t cars were put on in order
to take workmen to their work, this
be denied, and stated that the company had to be shown that the
publie would have to pay for these
cars, or they would not be put on,
Mr, Murrin, who was evidently upset by the logic et Mr, Cottrell's
arguments, Insisted on interjecting
his views during the men's representative's presentation of the case,
and the chairman requested him to
just make notes and not interrupt.
Minimum Wage,
The minimum wage clause,
which is supposed to. take care of
the extra men and guarantee them
a subsistence, was then dealt with.
Mr. Cottrell pointed out that extra'
men aro at the convenience of the
oompany at all times, and if not
there at the specified reporting
times, are classed as sleepers, and
thereby forfeits the six months'
guarantee. This clause was granted by the conciliation board ot
1919.
Mr. Cottrell, continuing, pointed
out that the company keeps as
small a number of men as possible, with a 870 per month guarantee; These men must earn* very
cent of this. Thoy must report at
the company's specified times each
day, and put in.more time than do
the regular men. In some cases,
they report at 5 a.m., and-do not
get through their Say's work until
12 p.m. He also atated that Mr.
Murrin would reply, well, they rely
on the goodness of the job for the
men to turn up at reporting times.
Spread-Over.
Dealing withj the spread-over
clause. Mr. Cottrell pointed out that
this clause was essential In-' order
that the men could complete a
day'a work in a reasonable time,
and continuing said:
I have referred, Mr, Chairman,
fn dealing with the- Sunday extra
time, to the fact that evon the best
runs ,e/e worked under abnormal
conditions, when compared with
most other occupations, But ln
dealing with the street railway
work, and the abnormal working
hours, one of the most aggravating features, and one that ls an
outstanding grievance to the men
employed on platform work, whether it is Vancouver or any other
part of the continent, is the spread-
over time between runs that is necessary to complete a day's work.
We havo obtained a clause ln our
agreement that has to a considerable extent eliminated -this grievance, and we strenuously oppose
any alteration to ihis clause. We
havo. had considerable experience
of this spread-over work, and our
experience has taught us that the
only way wo can safeguard ourselves against working abnormal
hours, is this spread-over clause,
which not only keeps the spread-
over within reasonable limits, but
also compensates a man for working such broken time. Before the
Conciliation Board ln yi9, wo were
compensated to the extent of full
time for all spread-over over ten
hours, but at the 1919 Conciliation
Board, we mutually agreed to reduce it to the present clause, and
we do not think there Is any Justification for a further reduction.
This statement was put in as an
exhibit,
Continuing, Mr. Cottrell pointed
out that only 25 per cent, ot the
runa were being paid, spread over
rates. Without these rates, the
men would be compelled to work
at nil times to oomplete the eight
hours which Is a day's work.
'Mr. Murrin stated that he did
nbt agree and suggested that it was
an ideal clause for the mon, and
stated that the making up of a
sheet on an eight-hour day wae different to one on a nine-hour day,
Mr. Cottrell, ln reply, showed the
chairman a copy of the 1915 agreemont, and statod that the mon oould
not afford to drift back- to the previous conditions, and said that Mr.
Murrin would not grant the men
anything unless it was specie.ally
provided for in the agreement, and
haa used every argument previously to get this eliminated,
Mr, Murrin pointed out that the
men. had tho whole of the middle
of tho day to themselves, . Mr, Cottrell replied yes, .he certainly has
the middle of the day to himself,
and now you would have him work
tho wholo time for you for. nothing, and insisted that street rail-
must be replaced by production of
tilings for use of those .who produced them. ^J_
At Record achool on Monday
evening, a well-attended meeting
was .held. The candidate, Tom
Richardson, for Vancouver South,
gave an excellent address, and said
that he was not out for vote catching, that whether it meant losing
votes or not, he stood for the abolition of the system. He was absolutely opposed to militarism of any
kind, and in or out of parliament,
would continuo to oppose anything
that ls the negation of all useful
effort,
Richardson Meetings for Next
WceB
Tuesday, Prince of Wales school,
King Edward avenue, Shaughnessy
Heights.
Tuesday, Moving Picture house,
Colllngwood Bast.
Wednesday, Lloyd Qeorge school,
67th avenue west and Car tier, Marpole.
Thursday, Lord Kitchener school,
Blenheim and 19th avenue, Dunbar
Heights.
Friday, Edith Cavell school, Ash
street and 18th avenue, west.
Friday, Moberly school, Fraser
avenue, and River road.
Whist drive, dance and refresh-,
ments at 148 Cordova street west,
on Saturday, at 8 p.m. Study class
Sunday at same address, 8 p.m.
Speakers for next Sunday at Picture theatre, 26th avenue and Main
Btreet, are Mrs. 3. S. Woodsworth
and Tom Richardson,- Labor candidate, Vancouver South.
Sydney, N.S.W.—Several- hundred flour-milling employees are
out of work. The principal reason
for this is that the flour mills are
unable to dispose of their stocks at
tho prices offering. There are
large stocks of flour and offals In
the various mills of the" country,
and until thla is sold the mills will
remain Idle.
ing; who raided the homes of numerous workers who dared to raise
their voice against the government;
the'government who in 45 minutes
passed legislation which abrogated
even the limited rights of the working people, which had existed since
the passing of Magna Charta; could
Mr. Ladner point with' pride to
these facts, and ask for their endorsation by the electorate of Vancouver South, then she hoped that
-he would be repudiated by-the people ot the riding. Commenting on
the statement ot General Odium,
that there was lots of prosperity ln
tho Interior, Mrs. Corse asked the
general for some of that prosperity
to be brought to South Vancouver,
where lt was much needed. There
ls no prosperity for the working
people possible under this system,
said Mrs. Corse, for she had found
out as the -wife of a working man,
that those who worked for wages
were always broke.
^Comrade Mclnnes followed with
a short address on tho lines of that
men and women, when they studied
the so-called science of polities,
soon found out that it -vas only a
waste of timo, and took up the
study of political economy, Instead.
Alt present day governments could
only red ret the prevailing mode of
production. In primitive man, we
found a being who had enough Intelligence to get himself and his
dependents enough to eat, if thc
Worker of today is to be judged by
that standard, then he compared
unfavorably with'hls predecessor.
The crowds that lined up. at the
hay oil. Fraser avenue, were not
there for the purpose of securing
a free ticket to view the "art treasures, of Europe;" 'they were there
for. the purpose of procuring temporary access^ to sustenance, not
because it was their fault, but because of the system of production
for profit, and the system itself
oould not last any longer, than the*
workers permitted. Production for
proflt   had   outgrown   Itself,   and
The Psychology
of Marxian
Socialism.
____________________
(By H. Rahim)
A work that all students
should read. Can be obtained
from the
B. 0. Federationist, Ltd.
342 PENDER ST. W.
Price BOo Per Oopy, Post Paid
—HOME-
CASH OR
CREDIT
Furniture Store
We."want you to eome to
this store with confidence
that you can buy Furniture, Carpets and Linoleum at lower prices and
better terms.     -.
No
Ior
Greater   Opportunity
the   Working'   Hen
BUY IN THIS STORB
RG_fI-MIi-_RTH.fl
HOME
FURNITURE
STORE
416 Main Street
Phone Sey. I_»7
MBNTION THB FEDESA-
-IONIST tad gst yenr 10
net cent. dl-Ctna*.
Labor and Socialist Literature, in All Languages
FOR SALE AT THB
International Book Shop
COR. OF HASTINGS and COLUMBIA STS., VANCOUVER, B. C.
Under New Management.
Prompt Attention Paid to AU Mail Orders
WE SURE GIVE THE VALUES
[About 36 black jackets, in
small sizes, to clcar..$1.00
Shirts,
$1.75,
....$1.46
About   120  Dress
separate   collars;
now	
60ipairs of Men's Soft Finish Brown Pants j reg.
$7.50 for $1,60
6 dozen Men's Brown
Bibbed Underwear Shirts
only '. 76o.
W. G. &. B. and Arrow Col-
lars, for  20c
Mon's Paramatta Waterproof Coats, _rom....$5,00
Men's Combinations, heavy
ribbed; regular $5.00
suit, now $8.60
Men's Heavy Black Ovor-
all Pants ■■ $2.00
Men's Working Shoes, solid
leather  $5.00
Men's Fine Shoes, Blucher
cut .$5.00
Men's Rubber Boots, of all
shapes and sizes? No. 1
quality.        «
Special-bargains in boys'
boots. Big saving on
these lines.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
Rtqc ap
Phoae Seymour MM
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit. 801 Dominion Bnlld__g
Vancouver, a a
Mainland
Cigar Store
S10 CARRALL STREET
THE PLAOE FOE PIPES
COAL
TALE BOOTLESS
AND
NANAIMO
Kindling I«w
CANADIAN WOOD AMD
OOAL OOMPANT
1440 ORANVILLE Sey. 6HM
rob Ray
HOTEL
ST OORDOVA ST. V.
Comfortable and Modern
Prioes Reasonable
.   JtRB. H, WRIQHT, Pro*.
Seymour 7TM-0
"FELLOW-WORKES"
0. J. Mengel
Writes til (lasses of Insur-
•ooo. Representing only flrst-
elass Board companies. It Insurance Is wanted, write or
phone Sey. 6626.
Offlqg address, Til Board of
Trade Bldf., Vancouver, B.O.
Greateit Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete In every detail
Bastings Furmtore Co. Lti
41 Hastings Stnet West
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
1110
Budly hkIoh, 11 a-m. ui MO im.
Bandur icliool tmm._l_t.lr lolltwlsf
twnil-f unlet.    Wadsetter MUmotld
U-Btinl.    8    pm.   tt"    -   -' -     -
-01--OJ   Blr__   Bl__.
Vou msy wish to help Tbe FederationiBt. You can do so by renewing yonr subscription promptly and
sending In the subscription of youC
Mend or neighbor,
__.
OOWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PB-BTEBS, mBLMBEBI, BIEBIO-
XYPEBS ASD BOOKH-TDBBS
lli» HOWO STREET
Union Oflciah, write for DrioM.   Wt
 firo SATIBI'i.OT-ON.  .
UNION MAN!
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count ee
mueh—call Up
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING CO.
_S* K1NGSWAY, VANCOUVER
Phon. Fairmont 68
Prompt Ambulance Service
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Pluce to ~oi»'
HASTINGS AND COLUMBIA STS.
THB value to the public of telephone aerviM It baaed on the r#-
Uabilltj, prnmptneia and accuracy
of tbat service. Quality of lervlM
rtoponili on tbe eoonomlo operation of
all telephone activltlei. From the
time raw material la prodnced until
tbe finished equipment la complote, It
la a matter of continuous exhanatlve
testa to get the beet. After installation, eeaselest vigilance is maintained
to get the best character of service.
All efforts are directed toward the
highest standard.
BBIXI8B  COLUMBIA  TBLEPHONB
COHPAJfT
BB SUBB VOU GET
VAN BROS.
WHEN ICOU ASK FOB
-CIDER-
and Non-alooholio wines of all
kinds
UNION MEN'S ATTENTION FRIDAT..
..November 11,' 1*11
thirteenth YEAK. no. 4_   iHK BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancou™* a a
PAGE TflBEiJ
You Can't Disarm
Your Teeth
They're got to itay mobilized if you
would ssfegnard health
Every tooth in perfect working order—a' set of
beauty, evenly matched and glistening white—in
this is the basis of sound health, and in this is the
only economy. Nothing leas will do than the most
thorough attention whenever they require jt. My
work will satisfy—it has done so over a period of
special experience for many years. Let me examine your teeth—you will like my methods.
Dr. BRETT
ANDERSON
,_602 HASTINGS ST. W.
Corner Sermonr
PHONE SETMOUB till
The More Often
the Less
rhe more often yonr teeth era
attended to .the less it will cost
you—though mr priees are
ever the minimum. Toeth
troublea, If neglected, develop
rapidly and become compli-
oated,
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
D
B. BBETT ANDERSON, formerly member of the Paculty of the
College «| Dentistry. University of Southern California, Lecturer
on urownand Bridgework, Demonstrator In rlatework and Opera*
Hy* Dentistry, Loeal and"Oeneral Anaesthesia.
Seattle.—Workmen employed by
the- local .pork board on non-
hazardous work receive full pay
when injured, but employeea engaged in dangerous occupations receive only $28 a month. The situation arises from the functioning of
the' State workmen's compensation act, which sets that sum as the
amount to be paid to workers In-
jured in hazardous jobs but which
alows local bodies to use their own
discretion In allowing recompense
to other workmen.
DO YOU WANT
SOVIET RUSSIA
.    TO LIVE?
a
Then you must HELP to feed her starving workers and
peasants.       . ..
COAST DISTBIOT NOTES.       *
The time for the holding of the
Coast Convention is drawing nigh
and apart from a few camps which
have been carrying on In spite of
the frowns of the boss and a few
others that have come to life recently, the chances of holding a
delegate convention are very slim.
One large camp quite recently
came to life and held meetings
but the Lord hardened the heart
of the boss who frowned on. the
attempts-to build up the Organization and since that time no less
than three Delegates have left
the camp for various reasons.
There ls a refreshing sign, however,, of many camps containing
the nucleus of an organization,
letters are received from many
camps expressing the willingness
of the aotlve minority to get in the
firing line and make a determined
atempt to start things going, another large camp during the past
week started off on high and now
has a live delegate who states that
ohances are good for getting results, '
The intolerable conditions prevailing ln most camps must inevitably bring about a reaction, and
from present Indications the pendulum has started on - Its return
journey.
Letters have been received from
most of the camps of the Whalen
Co, at Quatslno and there are a
respectable number of active
Union men In those camps, Fellow-Worker Cleary was killed at
Camp 10 and-they had a runaway
when moving Donkey and Donkey
broke loose, went down the hill,
and disappeared in the Chuck, but
fortunately no one was hurt. Reports received would indicate that
camp conditions are fairly good,
one camp being extremely tickled
with the cook, thus indicating that
the boss is.wise in realizing that
the nearest road to a man's heart
is through his stomach,
The wages being generally paid
GIVE ONE DArS WAGES
ifor the famine stricken in the Volga Provinces.- Many
workers havo already done so, DID YOU. DO TOUR
BIT. Urge the organization you belong to to DONATE
TO THIS CAUSE.
CONTRIBUTE TODAY ACT AT ONCE
STAND BY SOVIET RUSSIA, and thereby show your
true working class solidarity.
Address all communications to:
Canadian Famine Relief Committee for the
Drought Stricken in Soviet Russia
P. 0. BOX 3591, STATION B, WINNIPEG, KAN.,
fot Tetnty lust te _»« tiiu.d tia Union stomp for an —iu eat
VOLUNTARY  ARBITRATION CONTRACT
OUB STAMP XN00BBS1
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Portids Both Strikes bad Lookonto
Disputes Settled by Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled Workmanihlf
Prompt Deliveries to Dealers aad Public
Peace and Success to Worsen tod Employers
Proiperlty of Shoo Making Oonmonitlei
As loyal anion nen and women, m ask.
yoa to demand shoes bearing tbe above
Union Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining,
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
146 SUMMER STREET, BOSTON, MASS.
OolUi ____ Oonoral Pm___a.    O-Stlos Ii Bolno, Owral Soc-Troii.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental anl Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOEISTS AND NO BSEBYME-.
_   BTQttfifl ' _
U Hsstings Street East      t lit Granville Street
Seymou 988472 Sermonr MUS
UUION MADE
The 1 WJ, 1 Loggers! Boot
M_U otlon P-nonUlr attnttl ts
Guaranteed to Bold Caulks ud An Thoroughlj Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Sueesssors to H. VOS * SON
M CORDOVA STREET WEST, VANCOUVER, B. O
Neit Door to Loggers' Hall
Phone Sermour MM Repairs Dona While Ton Walt
A Common Sense
Economic Law
It is good logio to sppnd your money where it
will do you the moat, good. Casci.dc Beer is made
in Vancouver by Vancouver workmen. When you
drink it your money helps to keep Vancouver men
in employment. Not only that; but it is acknow-'
ledged to be the best beer sold in B. C.  Insist on
VANCOUVEB BBEWERIES
Limited
Slater's
THB HAH, BUTTEB ssl SKI
NOTICE
Wo mako speeial deliveries to all parti
on Friday and Saturday
FBBB OF CHARGE
FRESH MEAT DEPARTMENT
We. have a speeial consignment of our
Freeh Pork Shoulders for Friday and
Saturday; government inspected; extra Sne quality. Tbey only* weigh
from 4 to 8 lbs.   Special, lb 19 l-2c
| Quality Pot Roaete from, lb. ..10c
Quality Oven Boasts    from,   per
lb  ..12 l-2c
Quality Boiling Beef from,  lb...8c
Quality Boneless Stew Beef from,
a  lbi    260
Ve will'have on sale Friday Bnd Sat*
arday the finest Boneless Rolled
Roasts'we bave had for monthi;
any alie of a rout cut. Special,
per  lb 20c
PRACTICALLY BONELESS PORK
Roasts on sale Friday and Satur*
day, In cuts from 2 lln, and np
to 8 lbs.    Speeial, per lb. ..,.__6o
-LEAF LABD. SPECIAL
We are headquarters for lard.    On
aale Friday and Saturday, apeclal
per lb.  „ 25c
EXTRA SPECIAL
On snle Friday and Saturday, Prime
Lamb    Shoulders;    any   size    cut.
Special price, per lb 16c
PROVISION DEPABTMENT
From 7 to 11 o'clock     -
On Saturday morning we will sell
our Fine Alborta Oroamery Butter at 8 lbs. for .  $J.1B
The above la flt for any tablo.
LISTEN
Have you tried Slater'a Famous Bone-
loss Roll Bacon. It ia mild and
Bngar-cured. It certainly is the bost
value we bave. Special for Friday
and Saturday at,  a lbs, for......II
LOOS
On .sale this week-end, Sinter's
Famous Sugar Cured Streaky
Bacon; very mild; in half or
whole slabs; tbo half slnta only
weigh from 5 to 8 pounds. R,'K.
*2c 11),   Special, por lb. 35 l-2c
ANOTHER BUTTER SPECIAL
We will sell our finest No. 1 Alberta
Creamery Buttor Saturday morning
from 7 to 11.   Special, 8 lba...$1.30
LABD SPECIAL
Od Bale Saturday Morning from
7 to 12 noon-
Burns'    Fineit   Shamrock   Pure
Lard.    Regular 25c lb., Bpeclal,
.2 lbs.  for  ,...S6c
PICNIC HAMS
Slater's Famons Sugar Cured Picnic Hams, weighing from 4 to 8
lbs. Regular 28c lb. Special,
per lb 23 l-2c'
BONELESS COTTAGE ROLLS
On  sale  Friday and   Saturday,   our
Famous   Cottage   Rolls; 'boneless;
weighing from 5 to 8 lbs.   Regular
80a lb.   Special, per lb 29 1*20
GROCERY  DEPARTMENT
Finest New.Prunes, 2 lbe. for....25c
Kxtra Lsrite New Prunes 2 lbs SOc
Eagle   Milk,   per   tin    22c
Finost Marmalade, 2-lb. tins, only..46c
Nabob  Sultana  Raisins,   lfi-os.  packages   for  .„-...._.„......_ 26c
Nabob Pickling   Spice 10c
Kellogg'H Corn Flakes, 8~for  SOo
Finest Green Peas, 8 lbs. for 26c
Finest B. 0. Small White Beans, 8 lbs.
for   „ „ „ 26c
Finest Split Peas, 2 lbs. for 2fic
Finost Now Figs,  2 lbi, for  30c
Finest Jap Rico,  8 lbs.  for  25c
Finest Rolled Oats, 6-lb. sack for..36c
Del Monte Rod Salmon, large tin..46c
Pineapple Marmalade,  p.er jar. 46c
SLATER'S
PHONE YOUB ORDERS
123 Hastinga Stroet East   Say. 9262
...   _. 8ey  8flfl
Fair. 1813
Sey. 6149
SSO Granville Streot
3260 Main St.
1191 GranvUle St.
In the campa are not sufficient to
maintain a human being especially;
if said human being has others to.
support bet-ides himself, we won-j
der how some ot our masters who!
are building $16,000 houses would,
make out on $2.80 a day with
steamboat fares" amounting to as
high as 30.00 return, and paying
$1.20 a day board, those are ths
conditions that many of their
slaves are working under, and they
are maintaining a blacklisting
agency to crucify any slave that
has the temerity to protest against
such intolerable conditions.
If there Is no opposition to this
ruthless reduction of the standard
of living there will undoubtedly
be further reductions in the very
near future;    ■
What answer are the camp
workers going to give to the boss
and bis hirelings at this tjlme,
when he threatened them with reductions in the fall of 1918 they
replied witb an Organization that
made him jump sideways and
what they did then they can do
again, so it is. up to every man to
wake up and once more take a
lively interest ln his Union.
In a short time a convention call
will be issued and while it may not
be found possible to have a delegate Convention a mass convention* will be surely held* and all
fully paid up members, and any
Delegates that represent a camp
Will be entitled to a seat.
* At this Convention, ways and
means will have to be devised to
carry the flght into the enemy's
country; and in the meantime every
effort must be put forth to keep
the Organization on a stable basis.
The . question confronting us Is.
are we going to allow the boss and
his satellites to make door-mats
of us, or are we going to get up
on our hind legs and scrap back,
the answer to that question lies
with the men in the camps, and
the answer to that Question will
determine whether they will be
treated like.human beings or like
animals when the camps open up
full blast next spring.
Women's
Ailments
ooNsoi/r
Drs. Dumas and
Laura Flynn
Specialists
X-Ray and Electro-
Therapeutists
701-U IIOU.IN BUILDING
IS Hustings Streot East
Phono Soy. 50fftL
Russian Government
Most Stable in World*
Opinion of J. R. Knight
(Continued from page 1)
factor ln Bussian life. Three years
ago the peasants had every reason:
for refusing to give "up their pro-1
duce and get nothing ln return.
Today they stood solid with the!
Red army, having seen what tho
White Gyard meant—what capital-;
Ism meant—whon the Donetz coali
fields were destroyed and when,
even the simple implements of husbandry had been plied up arid|
burned.
"Naturally the peasants understood what Kolchak and Denikin'
meant. They gave to Russia what1
has made the greatest army In the.
world; over 65 per cent, of the Red
army are peasant lads,"
The speaker dwelt with glowing
enthusiasm on the educational Institutions provided not to kill, but
to develop the best that was in
them. "Never did I realize how
much I had been robbed of In life,"
he declared, "before seeing the Intelligent faces of those peasant
boys, hitherto steeped in superstition and the traditions of autocracy.
Wonderful Bond
There was a wonderful social
bond between these people-1-* certain one-nt-ss and enjoyment of life
together. They realized not only
what Russia meant to Russia, but
what it meant to the working class
of the whole world. They were
willing to sacrifice for the army to
protect their commonwealth, the
childron to develop under its
watchful care, and the artists to
foster its aesthetic life. For these
three privileged classes" the great
mass of the people suffered on slender rations, for the good of the
whole of Russia. Such was their
Ideal.
With decroaslng rations, they
bore the marks of three years of
malnutrition. Yet, said tho speaker, "lf you saw tho children of Russia, you would perhaps understand
why In Russia they can sacrifice
and suffer. Even in our United
States, with all Its grand institutions and fts wonderful Christian
civilization (laughter), you cannot
produco such children as thoy have
totjay In barbarous Russia," (Applause.)
He described ono wonderful
building, near Moscow, formerly
owned by a Belgian capitalist, and
now^ housing ovor 200 children,
who could be on their cots and en-
Joy the works of art on the panelled celllngs^or go swimming Iti the
take or dancing on the pier.
"If this Ib violating the sacred
rights of privato property," he
said,- "more power to such violation,' 'and the house rattled with
applauso. ..
The teachers in Russia were not
simply Interested ln a curriculum,
but in studying the children individually and developing their spej.
clal aptitudes. Tho children wero
selected and placed in schools specializing In the lino each was most
naturally fitted for; this In addition
to the ordinary olementary education. Thus in three short years
Russia had the whole world beaten
—"stands on a higher plane educationally than any nation in the
world,"
With a mass of Ignorance for
their heritage, the barbarous Bolsheviki had laid the foundation for
the "prolet-cult"—whero those wtyq
never had a chanco in childhood
might be given a chance. Comrade
Knight spoko of his visit to a pro-
let-cult theatre, with Tom Mann,
"I'll" never forget that day,'' he
said. JSV-Hi Tom Mann's eloquence
Called him; he could only say, "By
gum I"-again and again,'at what he
a»w.
Child's Paradise
Another glorious children's paradise Was at Sakol-nikl, once tho
playground of tho Czar and now
tho happy home of thousands of
young children. On Sundays would
come thoir parents—cars packed
full of them—to see tho kiddles;
spare and emaciated, they would
testify with smiles of Joy, while
tears streamed down their faces,
"We'll Starve a littlo hit more—for
the sake of tho children.
jn th# hearts of the Russian people
because of ^established facts," said
the speaker, "and can never be destroyed there." j
Qgmrade Knight found another
wonderful scene in the-Red Square
at Moscow at (he Third International Congress;' 35,000 Red Guards
'standing at attention—then the
march past, of soldiers who had
once.' been peasants and workers.
"Then came the prisoners of war—-
a most wonderful spectacle! Germans who refused to be repatriated; prepared fo"nght to the last
drop of blood for the revolution!
A French regiment; Americans;
now Bolshevist soldiers; Red
Guards that were once British soldiers, and a few Canadians! Prisoners of war, marching proudly aa
part of the conqueror's army!
'Hard going," admits one of
them,.a Cockney, "but I know what
it is to be looking round London
for a job. There's something here
that appeals to me. We know that
when'peace comes and production
runs smoothly, we shall share in
the abundance, aa we have done
in the spareness."—;
>i "How eould you help but be conquered by these .people?" exclaimed the speaker. FThat big smile of
the Russian, with a certain sadness
alwayB about it; asking: "What
did you want to flght us for? What
did you get out of It?" Treated
like human beings, the prisoners
got just what the Red army would
get; they came to love the Russian
people, as any that were there were
bound to do.
As to the crushing of the opposition, Knight gave an Instance ln
the proceedings of the Moscow Regional Soviet, where a Menshevik
ln the opposition Was allowed to
"call down" the Soviet for'an hour
and a half on end. Then two Mensheviks were appointed to a moat
important committee of food supply. One refused to sit; within two
weeks he was recalled by his constituents and replaced.
■*• "Every man and woman In Russia must carry a work card," the
speaker said. "If you are without
that work card, you are Indeed out
of luck. Not only you don't get a
vote, but you don't get anything to
eat." (Applause.) The medical
and other profession* alt come under the rule.
Touching on "how huiixry peoplo get lh Russia,'' the speaker
mentioned a scrap 6f black bread
which he put in his pocket, because he could not eat tt With
straw sticking out of it-—for even
the sweepings had to l5e utilized-
lt "looked as if lt wanted a haircut." . Two weeks later, a Visitor
to his room eyed It wistfully, received it eagerly, and stood breaking it like a stone on the corner of
the, table and putting lt into his
moiith.
AU Treated Alike
Thus they were prepared to suffer,' if necessary, . to escape 100
years of wage slavery. High and
low fared alike; otherwise the Soviet administration would not last
fivo minutes. "They know they get
all there is to get. They suffer
through' no fault of the administration, but through the capltaliat
gold behind the counter-revolution."
Outside there waa the '^cordon
sanitalre," and behind .that the
Christian civilisation movers,
waiting for Russia to weaken
that they might own and exploit
that country. But she refused to
bow the head and take the bread
that meant the sacrifice of her institutions.        ^^^^^^^^^^^^
"She can' never be conquered-—
never!" the speaker declared; and
thore was another ratle of applause. "Because she ts wise. She
knows that these people that talk
of not using force are ready to use-
force on any occasion. And so she
has her Red army ready.
In closing, Comrado Knight
spoke of the new calamity that had
.fallen on these heroic people—the
vast grain territory, from tho Volga to the Caspian, b ft nit out with
drought.   "Not a blade of grain."
"They did not appeal to you, even
then," said the speaker. "They ap
peuled to tho'Russian people.' With
tcai-3 streaming down their faces
—for they were nature's children,
not hypocrites, and did not dis
guise their feelings—they read tho
•proclamation: "Comrades, wo have
another enemy, the drought! Give
of your noed and we will flght this
thing through."
Next day, they drew their beggarly starvation ration—gavo It
badk for the famine relief of the
stricken district—and walked out
without a bitot "A thing beyond
your comprehension," the speaker
observed.
Evening Meeting
It was naturally supposed that,
at tho evening meoting, Comrado
Knight would give practically a replica of, the afternoon's address;
and those who had hoard it (and
contributed) were urged to stay
away and "'let the other fellow go
tonight." As a matter of fact, at
tlio Colonial In the evening, it
might huvo been an entlroly different speaker with an entlroly different address—oven moro engrossing, lf possible, than the earlier
one. B|
Comrade Knight started out In
itinerary fashion, and told of varl-
n.s experiences on his way to Rus*
Bla, as well as. after he got there.
Ke remarked on the Soviet enemies having the audacity to speak
ot "propaganda," Bince the "pro
paganda of capitalism has been
everywhere evident."
On the boat, for Instance, there
was a gentleman—apparently t
million-dollar gentleman"—addressing Russians and Lettish people
returning home; pointing out what
an utroclous country Russia was.
His own brother had come to an
untimely death there.
'He met with poor success. The
men asked him If he had ever
worked himsolf; suggested that his
brother had met his death through
refusing to.work, and furthor Intimated that, lf they had had the
handling of the situation, he would
possibly have sharod hla brother's
fate.    (Applause.)
Girls for Sale
Another kind of capitalist '"propaganda," however, was ln evidence In Latvia and tho othor Battlo provlncos, outsido Soviet Russia. At one point, a young boy
wanted to sell the visitors a news-
papor. As It was In tho native
tongue, the travellers had no use
for It; and the boy failed to make
a sale. "Want a fine girl?" was
Ihrt young merchant's noxt proposal, and, sure enough, thore wore
a couple of Klrls at hand-**slxteoh
voars old or less. Comrade Knight
rcmiiV-i^l lhat lt wns the first place
"The Soviet administration lives ho had atruck, "whoro the sohool
Dollar Day
SATURDAY
Men'i
Women's     Children's
$8, *», S10 values—Dress Boots
lu black calfskin and mahogany and brown aide; all sises
and cut at one OAA Qg
prico of ._  «P*>.«/0
SS) St, SIS Talucs—Black
Strap suppers, Brown Kid and
Calf Oifontt, Broken Unas ot.
Dancing Pumps.
All one price	
$4.95
Fancy Slippers, ta sises to %
—t——y price SMS. Child's
Black Calfskin Blch 1to»
Boots, in sises S to ahn tare
10 1-1, at .._.  **}eittm\t
One Strap Kid House Slipper, for
one day only ._..:... _
$1.95
Band-mad* Brawn Work Boot* for a_f* AA
Men, at... it  ______ t\***tWM
Pierre Paris
51
HASTINGS W.
hoys are pimps and the schoolgirls, are prostitutes,"
Latvia was under the "protection" of capitalist countrie_y^nd
then along the street. was ltflfcne
of droskles, with girls begging for
buyers—their English vocabulary
apparently consisting of the one
appealing word; "Cheap! Cheap!
Cheap!"
Working as stevedores, etc, were
oaly old' men and* women. The
young men were gone; gone to
make a conscript army of 40,000,
although, the whole population was
only one and a quarter million. Lat-
vin was controlled by the great
Christian powers of the world; it
might one day make a good Jump-
lng-ofE place for another Attack on
.Russia.
The slovenliness and spiritless-
ness of the conscript army, and the
general degradation ahd poverty,
were accentuated hy the swagger
and luxury of the officers and the
bourgeoisie. The men and women
of Latvia looked with a glad smile'
at the Russian Hag, floating over
the embassy. -There, as ln Esthonia, Llthunia, etc., their hearts' beat'
in unison with Moscow. "The day
ls not far distant when, right to
the Baltic, they will be.under one
flag—the flag of the Russian Soviet Republic." (Applause.) It is
an unnatural division, that cannot
stand, and but waits the day when
theae people are strong enough to
push the Interlopers out
Comrade Knight noted the vast
difference in the atmosphere on
entering Russia. The Red Guards
on the. train—their smartness, their
flut.ncy with the English language,
the clock-work discipline, the medical inspection by a young woman
doctor with black hair and spectacles, the Russian border-camp with
Its flne intelligent young fellows,
speaking two or three languages,
and all knowing why they are In
the Red army, the barrack-room
wonders, including the ubiquitous
"Red Guard" picture with ita legend: "We .Will not bend."
That was the real life ln Russia.
Not merely a picture and a motto.
It represented the live spirit of the
Russian army, and the spirit of the
whole of the Russian people, peasant and worker. "There's something that grips Vou. You feel you
are one of them."
Yet there was never a word of
blood-letting or wanting to flght.
Touchers to Instruct them, "so that
when thc dire necessity is no more,
they can in the Industrial field soon
place Russia in the forefront."
Such was the psychology of Russia.
Among the civilians again, there
was their smiting welcome—the
eager participation in the contents
of the lunch-basket, so that "in 15
minutes there wasn't a bite;" the
crowds of little children to have a
look at the foreigners—their intelligence and self-possession—their
knowledge of the world outside,
and of the weird stories that were
circulated about themselves. With
four years of their system of extensive and intensive education,
said Knight, "they have a childhood that Is on a higher plane than
any that we havo In the world."
No Chinese Soldiers
As to the "mercenary Chinese
army," by which the Russian people were supposed to be held in
thrall (vide capitalist press), Comrade Knight said that he nover
saw tn Moscow a Chinese soldier
in uniform. Y '. they had Ger
mans, English ( etc., etc., tn the
Rod army; why not Chinese?
(Laughter and applause.) But
they were certainly not at Moscow,
where they wero reportod as figuring ln suppression of "a strike that
took place In the papers, but never
in Moscow itself." (More laughter.) On arrival at Moscow he was
Immediately disillusioned. Any
timo of the night or day, you can
walk about Mobcow without foar
of molestation, without evor seeing
a liveried policeman to look after
you,
"Why Is It that thla country
takes such a grip of you?" Kntpht
exclaimed; going on to tell how
laughing girlB and women came
around and mado him Bay the
names of things In Russian. Just
human beings behaving humanly.
"I'm only trying to tell you what
those people are. They themselves
enjoy a social life. There's a bond
between them that we are not used
to. R's something beyond our
ken."
"There Is force ln Russia," he
said, "make no mistake about that,
If thoy had not force, thon the
forcea of capitalist countries would
have crushed thom long ago. They
have a dictatorship of the proleta
Hat." (Applause.) But no armed
guard was necessary for Lenln.
There was not a being that could
bo hired today to hurt him. The
people would tako him ln hand.
Knight htmself witnessed a popular rising of ominous significance
whon a railway accident, Involving
several deaths, was suspected to be
tho work of counter-revolutionaries, It looked for a time as if not
a counter-revolutionist in Moscow
would he left, and the authorities
had to take spocial measures to as-
suro the people that the affair was
an accident pure and simple.
This railway, with its 150 miles
on hour, and tho groat power plant
of Moscow, woro cltod by the spea
kor as evidences of tho genius of
tho Ruislan people., Ho glowed
again over tlje.boautlful school thoy
had built, and a beautiful dining*
hall for tho workors with its or
client ra. otc.—so different from tho
'Transcona" nrranrroinonts at Winnipeg, say, with the worker stand-
"A remarkable book by a remarkable
Cfttttttuttttettt
■tdk
jriatianiflm
■■■■■■—-     "i"J*k» 'wHUafcsr.
Analysed ud Contrast** from the HtTrxli
an»> Darwinian Polite of View,   fcr llal
William Montgomery Browa. D.l>.   Iti
tlona: Bai "
lihat
Bell
Reconimendatlent: fianfth tho Ood* from tha
SUm aad Capltallata from tko Earth art
itflaa.t >_!?■■■.T,%si.     Bake lb* World aal* for Iadoetritl Co_*
O-nttattantBm     ?«■*■«.■     _   PoMlAed, Oetottr, mo.
^^* j Bovonty-rifth Thonaaad sow raaiy* **• »»•■
Cloth Edition, Pe Luxe, $1.00. Thl* whole ©ditto* of 1,000
copies Is a Christmas gift to the sufferers by famine In Buesta.
Every oopy sold meana a whole dollar to tbem aad ranch educa*
ttfon to the buyer.
"One af the moat extraordinary anl ennliilatfic booka f lave ovor raaO.
It will ikake the eountry."—Tho Appeal to Beaaon.
'    New Paper Edition, 25,O.Q0 copies, artUtio deilfn, vory beaatifal, oae
eopy 25 cents, six, 91.00.   Snd fl.00 for twenty-lv* eoplea far Chriitimaa
preaenti.    ,
THE B. O, PBDWATIOWil. Z<Ta>„ lift HMUr it W_, TaiMW, B.O.
"It wlU do a wonderful t. it la this Oa craatHt oriole la aU hlitory."—-Trutk.
French Workers Have *
Ideas on "Liberty"
(Continued from page 1)
country to which France had once
nresented the Statue of Liberty.
'Apropos of the Statuo of Liberty
a Sacco-Vanzetti cartoon appeared
lh l'Humanlte the other day. In
the background Is a Jagged skyline representing the skyscrapers
of New Tork. The Statue of Liberty appears in the harbor. Across
the ocean on the French shore
| stands a worker with his hands to
his p mouth, megaphone fashion,
shouting across: "Hey you! Are
you really Liberty without any
bluff? Well, t.hen, liberate Sacco
and Vanzettl or get off your pedestal!"
The United States has received a
lot of free advertising ln Europe]
through the Sacco-Vanzetti case.
Everywhere in France the workers
have been standing outside of the
American consulates demanding:
"We want justice for our brothers,
Sacco and Vanzetti." And the American ambassadors have had to
listen In spite of Ihe French army
and police'which sought to make
the walls of their embassies soundproof.
The Sacco-Vanzettl demonstration in Marseilles was followed by
17 arrests. In Roubalx, way up In
Northern France, where a fierce
textile strike haa been raging for
ten weeks, the workers have fouiyl
time to demonstrate for their two
Italian brothers. At Salnte Ettlnne,
Cherbourg, and Brest, Sacco and
Vanzettl demonstrations have given
the European worker ideas of the
I United States not found in the Mary
Antln type of narrative with which
the Atlantic Monthly was wont to
fill Its pages. If you try to banish
from their minds the picture of
the States which somehow resembles Spain durtflg the Inquisition.
they say:
"Is it true that Deb's is still in
jail for speaking against the war?"
"When are yo gonlg to release
our brother, Jim Larkin?"
"Is it true that the 1. W. W, are
Jailed merely for being mombers of
a  revolutionary organization?"
"Is It true that Tom Mooney is
serving a life sentence on a frame-
up?"
Then if you still have any wind
left In your sails they begin on Sac-
| co and Vanzetti. How annoying It
ls not to be able to keep one's
skeletons ln one's own closet? 1
am sure the American ambassadors
are finding lt so nnd tho rest uf us
too become hopelessly confused explaining the reason for the use of
company detectives, state constabulary and the Injunction In Labor
disputes. •
Then they take you to task for
the foroclty of the West Virginia
mine owners. As our late Presl'
dent Wilson would say, "It Is much
moro comfortable to live with men
whose minds run along with mine."
Washington,—Milk dealers \~
Washington are making 48 per
cent profit on tho price of Or
milk and this Is responsible for.
the high cost of thie foo.d necessity*
according to Congressman Lambert
of Wisconsin, a member ot the
District of Columbia committee.
We mike Ladies' Oermeati
&ght Hen in Vancouver
-^^he NMl In style and smart-
ness of any offered tn Canada.
■**•««»»••-«• aasdast mtala-ai
*U  «m ■•* rt ■»», teoo
fsr foar deities
Wt afar these
}__*** w«  «oal  tUroca—
aU tht
Famous
Cloak A Suit Co.
688 HAtTOOf it.. Wear Qraavffla
Vaneoaver Unions
Ing at a oold street-corner, chewing a beof sandwich for his lunch.
"Can you wonder that they are
prepared to sacrifice when thoy
know thoy too will bo able to enjoy the material things of life later
on, as they do tho aesthetic things
at the present time? Many things
knit those people together in solid
support of tbelr Soviet administration.
"Do not have doubt, men and
women THEY WILL NOT BEND,
Rut we have to see that they do
not suffer more than ls nocossary."
In his final appeal, Comrade
Knight gave a vivid account of the
taking of Kronstadt, when the sit-.
uatlon had become a real menace
to Soviet Rusaia. The Incredible
heroism of those white-sheeted figures, swarming over tho Ice In the
very teeth of destruction, made a
story that would read more Uke a
chapter from the classic myths of
antiquity than a page from the
actual history of modern daya
A feWtdQuestlons were nsked and
replied to after each meeting. Only
one of them * evidently cu—t*
from tho hostile camp, and it e»
more like a harangue, indica_....,
the Soviot for "killing" a doctor
who had mado Invaluable discoveries and yet waa refused the
few scraps of food necessary for
tho maintenance of hla life.
Comrade Knight pointed out that
the whole policy of tho Soviet gave
the He to such a story, and declarod
that lt had no basis, "only the basts
they have for all their slanders."
It was announced that Knight
was to bo In Vancouver again
shortly, when comrades would
probably have a chance of hearing him again.
VANCOUVEB   TRADIB   AHD   LABOB
COUNCIL—Preildent,   B.  W.  Bttlaf! '
seeretary, J. O. Smith.   Meets frd Wed*
needay eaeh month ta tba Peader HaB,
corner  of Peader   tad   Howo   streete.
Phono Sey. 181.
■.■.■ji*.1- ■ ■ _____-_=_=_-
ALLIED   PBINTINO   TRADES   OOUff-
eU—MooU Saeeond    Honday   la   aha
month.    Pneldont,  J. B.  White;  *••••
tary, B. H. Neelanda, P. O. Box 66
BRICKLATKBfl AND MASONS—If  yot
need brieklayera or aaaaona fcr boilae
worka,   ete_,   or  marblo  aotten,   j"
Brieklayera' Union, Ltbor Temple.
CANADIAN NATIONAL UNION OF XX-
SERVICE men moeta aecond tad
foarth Wedneedere of each month, at 01
Cordova St W., at 8 p.m. Ju. Farnham,
BocrotaryTreaenror.
GENERAL WORKERS' UNIT OF THB
O. B. U.—Preaident, H. Grand; aeeit-
tary, O. O. Miller. Moota Ind and 4th
Wedneaday In each month In Pender Hall,
comer of Pender and Howe Stroota.
Phono Seymonr 291.
INTERNATIONAL    LONGSHOREMEN'S
Aiioclatlon,    Loeal    It-SS—Oflee and
hall, lb. Cordova fit. W. Meeti tM
and thjrd Vrldaya, S p.m. Beerettrr
treunrer, T, Nixon; bulneu agent, r,
Sinclair..
Lumber   wobkers*    industrial
UNION OP CANADA—An indna-
trial anion of all workera la log-
glut and conatnctloa campa. Cout District and Oeneral Headqoartera, «l Oat*
dova fit. W., Vaneoaver, B. C. Phono Bey.
7668. 3. M, Clarke, genoral it.er«taiy*
treasurer; legal advlim, Mtiiri. BlirtL
Maedonald A Co., Vancouver, B, Cj auditors, Meaen. Batter A Chiene, Vaneet-
ver. B. U.
'FEDERATED SEAFARERS UNION Ol
0. C—Formerly Fireman and Ollen'
Union of British- Colombia—Meetlai
night, Ant and third Wednesday of uoh
month at 108 Main Street. Prenideal.
pan Carlln; vlee-preeldent, J. Whiting;
■ccretary-treunrer, W. Doualdion. Addreu, 106 Main Street, Vancouver, B. O
Victoria Branch Agent's addreu, W.
Francia. S67 Johnson St., Victoria, B. O
BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS, DEOO
ratora and Paperhaagera of America
Loeal 188, Vancouver—Meeta Snd tad
4th Tburadaya at 146 Cordova SL W.
Phone Sey. 1491, Bulneu agoat, B. A
Barker.
o. b. u. unit rax DRIVERS. WOOD-
en Bridgemen, Pirrlckmen and Rlggeia
of Vancouvor and vicinity. Meet* every
Monday, 0 p.m.. In O. B. U. Ball, SM
Pender St. W. Preaident; W. Tneket;
finanoial aeoretary and buiineu agent, O
Andorson.    Phono  Seymonr_2fil.	
CANADIAN   SOCIETY  OF~CERTlF!XD
STEAM ENGINEERS LOCAL No. *
New Westminster, meeti every flret aad
third Friday In the Labor Temple, Royal
Avenuo and 7th Street. Engineer! mt-
plled. Addreu Secretary. 1040 Hamilton H'.ret-t. New Weitmlmter, B. O.
Phone 603V,
mtUfcT AND BLKCTltlC KAILWAT
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No- 101
—Mreti A. O. F. Ball, Mount Fleaaaat
Ui and *rd Mondaya tt 10.16 a.m. aad •
p.m. Pruldent, F. A. Hoover. 3409 Clarke
Drive; recording-secretory, F. B. GrUBt.
447—6th Avenue East; treunrer, E. &
Cleveland; tntaclal-aeerotary and bulneu agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4806 Dumfries Street; offlce corner Frlor and Mala
Sts.   Phone Fair 8604R.-
JUt-HhEVMEN I'AILURfi' UNION Of
America, Loeal No. 178—Meetingi held
flnt Monday in each month, 8 p.m. Prao-
Ide-it, A, B. Gatonby; vice-preiident, D
Laweon; reeordlng secretary, 0. Me-
Donald, P. O. Box SOI; tnanclal aeeretary, T. Tompleton, P. O. Box 608.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 218—
Meets lut Sunday of each month tt
2 p.m. Preildent, C. H. Collier; vloe-
preeident, E- H. Gough; iecretary
treuurer, jt H. Neelanda, Box 68.
WORKERS' COUNCIL, VANCOUVER
B. 0., meeta every Tueidey evenfar
at Q p.m. In the O* A. U. Halt, H04 Pea
der St. W. Secretary, E. Horsburirh, Pat
der Htll.   _
THE   NEW   WESTMINSTER   BRANCH
of  tha O.  B,  U.  meeta  oa  the  thin'
Wedneaday of every mouth.    Everybody
welcome.
Provincial Unions
VIOTOBIA, B. O,
Vlt'TUblA AND DISTRICT TRADE*
■nd Labor Council---M. >u flret tad
third Wednesday!, KnlfMj pf I'vthfa-
Jihli .Will Turk Street, at 6 p.m, Preal
Oent, 0. Biverti; vice-preaIdent, R. El
liott; aecretary-treasurer, E. g, Wood
ward. F. 0. Boi 802, Victoria. B. C
PRINOE BUPERT, B. Q.
PRINCE    RUPERT   CENTRAL   LAB"!.
Council. 0.  It.  V     Urapclies;    Prinot
Rnpert District  Fishcrlei Board, O.B.U..
Metalliferous    Miners'     Dlstriot    Bt.ard
I).Hli.      Si'tmirv-lrt»sun;r.    I*.   0.   Bo>
217, Prince Rupert, 1_______________
.;...:____ PAGE FOUR
/
'THiRfhEWH yeab. no, 45   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vA.ronv__n. b. p.
#RIDAT.... November 18, l-St
n
¥
COATS
Just a few ITEMS
from the great
DICK
SALE
Mackinaws, $9.75
Heavy   full   yoke   Norfolk   Coats,
Willi fditwi collar and belt; guar,
antced  100 pur cent, pure wool.
Colors green, grey   and    brown;
plalcH stripes uud mixtures.
Gabardine, $19.75
Hen's and Young Men's handsome
and fashionable Overcoats with
belts or half-belts; slash or patch
pocketo—just aa you like 'cm. A
wide choice of fabrics. $30.00
values.
feig Coats, $29.75
Irish Meltons, Frieze, Chinchilla
and Tweeds, handsome light and
dark greys with raglan or set-in
sleeves, some blues with velvet or
solf collars, plain and shawl styles,
, as In sketch. 'Both patch and
dash pockets. $40.00 to $50.00
Alues.
EXTRA SPECIAL
Paramattas — Raincoats,   cashmere
tops, with or without   belts;   colors
olive and   grew.    Fine,   serviceable
coats.   Regular $12.00
values for 	
$5.00
MAIL ORDERS—Send height and sleeve measurement.   AU parcels prepaid at these prices.
"Your moneys worth or your monoy back "
4S-49Bi$i-ny*E.
World News in Brief Paragraphs
Seattle.—A bazaar held here for^and
the 'Russian relief fund netted
11213 for the- starving people of
the Volga districts. More than
$3,000 has been cojiected to date
for the Russian-relief branch of
the Friends of Soviet Russia,
Sydney, N. S. W.—The Bthem^j
for the starting of the chain of
daily labor newspapers in Australia Is well under way, and the collecting of the levy from all
Australians unionists—$2.50 from
male adults and $1.25 from females and juvenile unionists—is
now taking place. ■' Meetings are
being  held   throughout  Australia
special committees ane busy
explaining the scheme. It is expected that most of the money
required will be in hand by the
end of the year.
London.—A great deal of excitement haa been shown In a section
of the press over the outspoken
defense of'birth control by Lord
Dawson, the king's physician, at
the Church Congress. But lt has
not been suggested that he should
be prosecuted for his remarks.
Last March, however, a working
man', J. \V. Gott, also championed
the cause of birth control, in Birmingham.     Pie   was   prosecuted,
LOGGER BOOTS
WHICH WE POSITIVELY GUAR-..'TEE IN EVERY RESPECT
d> 1 C f\f\ a Pair, 10-lnch Top, Fully Caulked
sPlOsUU Order Yonr Pair Today.
The "New Method" Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
337 OARRALL STREET—Just a Step from Hustings
Atl O. B. V. Help Phone Sey. 8317
CHRISTMAS CARDS ON SALE
PRIVATE CARDS LOWEST PRICES
Walter Galloway'
BOOK STORE
1>S HASTINGS ST. EAST (Belween Columbia and Main St.)
-_
The Economic and Social Vision
of Young Ireland
KATHLEEN IH. 01EIAN
Dublin Journalist, Correspondent of New York Times,
and Brilliant Lecturer
—IN—
PENDER HALL
.    Corner Pender and Howe Streets
Sunday Evening
At 8.30 o'clock
sentenced'to threevmonthB' Imprisonment, his stock of literature was
destroyed, and he waa ordered to
pay the costs of the prosecution. »
London.—At an educational conference held on October 16 hy the
Nottinghamshire Federation of
Labor, R. C. Radfprd of the Workers' Educational Association stated
that In Nottingham 1400 to 1500
children were released from school
at a time when 15,000 adults were
signing at the Labor Exchange, last
Christmas.
"I am told," he added, "that
within a fortnight all these ohlldren had fouhd employment. Unemployment will not be remedied
by putting children Into factories
and keeping admits out.""
New York.—Only one home in
eight in New York'City Is owned
by the family living ln it, according to figures received here from
the Federal Census Bureau. In
the Borough of Manhattan—the
most thickly populated part of
Greater New York—the percentage of residents owning their own
homea Is only 2 per cent. The
word "home," lt is explained, for
the purpose of-the census, is taken
to mean "the abiding place of a
single family."
/
Bucharest.—In order to support
Tnke Jonescu in his plans against
tho Russian-Roumanian peace the
French paper "Excelsior" publishes
a sensational report over the war
preparations of the Red Army on
the Dniester 'against Roumania,
The official Bucharest reports,
however, declare this French statement to be untrue. Take Jonescu
has been once more .unlucky with
his reports from Paris.—Rosta
Wien.
Posen.—"Kurjer Pornanski" reports: During 1921 tho sugar production of the twenty-four Bugar
factories in Posen amounted to 12,-
500 trucks. 2900 trucks were
retained for the inland market and
the remainder was Bold to foreign
countries and the proceeds applied
to the payment of the Polish debts
to France for arms and munition
which had been delivered.—Rosta
Wien.
You may wish to help The Fed-
ernttonfct. You can do so by renewing your subscription promptly and
ending In the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
CHIROPRACTIC
SPINAL TREATMENTS
HYDRO-THERAPY
WATER TREATMENTS
DIET
FOOD TREATMENTS
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Sanipraetio Physician
Twelve years' experience.
Thousands   of   satis'fled
patlen'ts,
Specialist ln all forms of
acute chronic diseases, deformities.
Hour. ;   Dnily, 1-5
Moth, Wed., IM., 1-8
Seymour 8533
71 I'ASRI'Il'J.D BLDG.
Out out the above, fill in the amount you are willing to
give to the defense of The Federationist, and forward it
along with your contribution to the B. 0. Federationist,
Ltd., 342 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B. C. The money
will be needed if adequate defense of the paper is to ]>e
made. '
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS:
Previously acknowledged ....$429.12
D. McLean _
D. McLeod ...
H. Traynor ...
John Re^thje .
P. St. John ...
Women's Labor League, Nanaimo, B. C ;
1.00
1.00
5.00
5.00
1.00
12.00
J. H. Smith  _.... .60
Wm. Bowman  1.50
J. O'Brien   1.60
A. Spruce  1.00
A. Fage  !....; i  1.00
J. Carson  2.00
T. E. Broadland  2.00
M63.62
Dr. Curry's Lecture,
Owing 'to ihe pressure on space,'
a report of Dr. Curry's lecture ln
the Pender Hall last Monday night
has had to be left over. Another
lecture will be given on Monday,
the proceds to go to the Federatlonist Defense Fpnd.
FAGTORJN ITALY
Workers Get Their Ideas
From Their Own
.   Papers
(By Ralph Winstead)
(By the Federated Press)
Chicago — Francesco Aio, the
Italian Labor leader, whom I interviewed In Chicago, told me how the
Italian workers evolved their own.
'press/ their own social institutions,
and their own culture to that today
the* think In terms quite foreign to
the rest of the population.
"In every city, town hnd village
in Italy there are workers'^groups.
They have supplanted the social life
of the bourgeois institutions with a
social life of their own. They have
study clubs and lecture courses,
they have plays and dances, athletic clubs, co-operatives and singing societies. ' They have open
forums and debates, but most of
all they have a workers* press.
"The workers' press in Italy Is
very Important. More than anything else the spirit of the workers
is bound up In it. No worker ever
thinks of reading the employers'
papers. Those'workers with capitalist or enslaved minds, do pot
read much of anything. "When
they gain a taste for reading thsy
become the upholders of the workers' cause. ,
'How it Is possible to originate
and direct all this wide range of
activity from dancing-and singing,
societies to lectures an study clua-
?" I asked.
'The workers' press is, of course,
the big factor. But you see the
centre of the militant workers' life
is the chamber of Labor, the union
hall. You must know that the
Italian middle class do. not mix
greatly with the workers.^ The
workers have found their own methods of entertainment. The militant ones have, because of their activity, become the active ones in
organizing the dances, the societies
for singing and gymnastics and the
study clubs and lectures. They
have not withdrawn into Uttle
groups of their own, but have taken the Initiative into, their own
hands ln all the social groups of
the whole workers' community.
'So It is that the songs that are
sunsf are revolutionary songs. The
speeches that are made are revolutionary speeches and the plays that
are given are of social value. Even
the most indifferent .of the dancers
and merrymakers move through an
environment of revolutionary
thought and Ideas. When the dayB
of action come, they are with the
militants, for thcir minds are not
filled with the false Ideas of the
bourgeoisie.
"It is tru* that in each locality
much planning and much thinking
is necessary to get interest aroused
in the drifters. But in each city
of size there is some sort of workers' meeting each night in the
week, sometimes many on the
same night.
"Working class spirit Is created.
It does not Just happen. In; America the start has been made. It
will grow with time and effort."
Exposes   Autocracy - in
United States
Army
(By The Federated Press)
Washington.—Senator Tom Watson of Georgia, once vice-pr'esiden
tial candidate on the Populist
.ticket, is about as popular as smallpox in official Washington these
days. His reiterated assertions
that United States soldiers In
France were hanged without trials
has kicked up a rumpus which
threatens to mar the harmony and
serenity of •'Armistice Day," when
the burial of an "unknown hero"
at Arlington Cemetery is to be celebrated with regal pomp.
When Watson, ln the course of a
Senate debate, casually declared
that American soldiers had
been hanged In Frafcce without the
formality of a trial, he was at once
challenged by several Republican
reactionaries of tho "100 per cent."'
variety. Thia stirred up the old
war.horse from Oeorgia and he is
now reiterating his charges and,
broadening them to cover the field
of military autocracy.
The Senators who had demanded
that he substantiate his charges insisted that he do so behind the
closed doors of a committee room,
but Watson says he made the original accusation on the floor of the
Senate and he intends to produce
the proof there' in the same manner.
"Is It a crime to criticize the
general staff of officers of the
army?" Watson demanded. "Have
we now reached the point thftt
militarism reached in Germany,
where no citizen dared criticize the
army and whero no momber of the
reichstag dared raise his voice
against any measure if told by the
chancellor that the kaiser desired
it to'pass? Have we reached that
point?   If so, tell the people."
Watson Is not in the least degree
awed by the majesty of the Senate
and It is very eyldent that he intends to make goo.d on his charges.
Every morning for several days he
lifts risen on the question of personal privilege and read Into the
record parts of the country commanding him for his stand and
offering to produce proof of his assertion- Watson also bluntly talks
about profiteering,'the selfishness
of our "heroic allies," the brutality
of many American officers, and
other unpleasant topics. All of this
makes racy reading for the allied
diplomats In Washington and is
causing the administration much
embarrassment. There Is no way
of silencing him and he seems
likely to go on repeating 'his
charges until the disarmament conference actually ls In session. Watson Is no respector of persons and
before he is finished the American
public may have a nfore adequate
idea of what really transpired in
France than they ordinarily get
from politicians' speeches or Satur
day Evening Post Fiction.
Get your workmate to subscribe
for The Federationist,
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
804 PENDER STBEET WEST   v-
For the Coming Week   %
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
MONDAY—Pile Drivers.
TUESDAY—Workers' Council.
WEDNESDAY—General Workers.
-   FRIDAY—Women's Auxiliary.
SATURDAY—Dance,'9 to 12. *
Iff HUE
IS
Will   Make   Efforts   to
Expand in Southern
Pacific
1       (By the federated Press)'
Sydney, N. S. W.—Word received
at the Australian bureau of the
Federated Press indicates that
Japan Is making a desperate effort
to expand her activities in the
Southern Pacific ocean.
Eight large Jap companies have
formed an alliance with this end tn
view.- Included in* the" alliance are
the following: The Nichinan'Trad-
Ing Company, the Dai Nippon Beer
Company, the South Sea Trading
Company, the Japanese Rubber
Company, the N. Y. K. Ste* .whip
line, the Osaka Shosen Kaisha, and
the South Seus Mail S. S. Company.
The union is capitalized at one million yen and the objects are set
out as "tho recovery of Japan's
trade in the South Seas, which was
shaken up by the economlo depression to its an^e-bellum prosperity."
Sugar Planters Prevent
Truth of Situation
,        Being Told
(By George W. Wright)
(Federated Press Staff Correspondent)
Honolulu, T. H.—Theuugar planters who are trying to Induce Congress to do away wtth the Asiatic
exclusion laws and grant permission to import Chinese coolies to
supplant the organized Japanese
and white workers, loosed their
propaganda on the Ameriean newspaper proprietors in a clever way.
Many publishers visited Honolulu for the World'e Peace Congress, The locnl daily got out a
special 52-page edition iu honor pf
the occasion. The edition was devoted almost exclusively to propaganda in favor of the Chinese
coolio bill now beforc Congress,
known as H. J. Resolution 171.
The visiting journalists were
told in sensational articles that the
sugar industry would be wrecked
unless Congress granted the planters the desired relief.
During an entertainment given
by Japanese in honor of the Press
Congress delegates, K. Kawasaki,
a Japanese business man, attempted to correct some of the alleged
misstatements in the special edition. He was describing the causes
of the plantation strike of 1920,
and its relation to the present labor
shortage. Kawasaki asserted that
l/ie strike was purely economic and
not nationalistic in character, and
then referred to the emergency
Labor bill.
Frank Cody, publisher of the
Hllo Post Herald, chairman of the
meeting, promptly stopped the
speech and the American publishers heard only the planters' side of
the coolie propaganda.
want rami
s
New  York  Unions  Demand Immediate
Amnesty
New York—In answer to the resolution of the American Legion
that Eugene V. Debs and all poll-
tlcal^ prisoners be kept in prison,
the Central Trades and Labor
Council of Greater New York has
sent to President Harding a demand for immediate amnesty for
all these victims of war hysteria.
The telegram to the president says:
'Organized labor of Greater New
York has unanimously Indorsed a
resolution petitioning you as president of the United States to see to
It that political amnesty is Immediately granted to Eugene V. Debs
and all other political pvlsoners.
Strong sentiment prevails for this
action on your pnrt. Every othor
country that took part ln the late
world war has released those who
were Incarcerated for their political
beliefs during the war and organized labor of thiB city feels that our
government should not lag behind
ln doing the same,"
The Labor Council at the same
timo, on the occasion of Debs' 66th
birthday, sent the following greeting to the imprisoned leader at Atlanta:
"Organized labor of Greater New
York extends to you on your 66th
birthday its hearty congratulations
and sincerely hopes that the president of the United States will commemorate your birthday by ordering your release."*'
O. N. V. X.
T. O'Connor, Socialist candidate
for Vancouver Centre, addressed
the members of the C. N, U. X. on
Wednesday night at the Loggers'
hall, and the Intense interest manifested was proof that the workers
have a desire to understand their
class position. The subject was
"Industrial History," and he traced
the development of the tool from
the simple to the complex, and explained that the chief historic
events that have been brought
about by the economic changes in
society. Present day ills were
shown to be the direct result of our
present mode of' production, and
could not be abolished .until the
wnge system was abolished. Many
fjuistions were asked, and many
members took advantage of the
•.pen forum. The , N. U. X. intend
holding these meetings the first
and third Wednesday of each
month; next meeting, Dec, 7. The
speaker and subjoct will be announced later.
Special Sale of
MEN'S
shoesi	
VALUES TO '"«___ Vl    QBi
$10.00..... «f>4aOO
VALUES TO C_-_  Qt_[
$11.00 «POa0O
VALUES TO 0_ £_\  Q Eg
$12.00....;:  «P OiOO
VALUES TO t_r_f __-t
$18.50 _......_,   «p fiOU
SEE OUR WINDOWS
CORNETT BROS. & CLARKE
LIMITED
The Men\ and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
33 HASTINGS STREET EAST
DOLLAR DAY
SATURDAY
•a********-********•_______*—•_-—•* _____________
A Brand New Dominion of Canada T)ne Dollar
Bill Presented to Every Purchaser of Suit,
Pants or Overcoats.
Special Sale of Overcoats atd&IQ SA
Regular Value to, $32.50 *K ^ "•€?"
DIf   DHAIT  1 TH   ls? Haatingt Street W
• 1\» DUU1Y L1V•     Vancouver, B. 0.
To Demand Work or
Necessities of Life
(Continued frorh page 1)
for those engaged ln warfare. He
asked what Ib wrong now, and,,
continuing said; During the war we
could eat better than we can now
when the. conscripts are back and
prepared to take part in production ,and if men could be conscripted In 1917, why not conscript the
wealth now? Pointing out that
with lower vitality produced by a
lower standard of living, the work'
ers cannot fight for their interests,
he urged that pressure be brought
to bear on the authorities' to flnd
the wherewithal for the maintenance bf the idle during the coming
winter months, and pointed out the
necessity o'f maintaining the union
rate of wages and the highest standard of living. ,   .
The chairman, at the conclusion
of the address, pointed out that last
winter the Idle -were told about the
work that was to be started, but
never materialized, and told those
present that the matter was now In
their hands..' The committees, as
outlined above, were then elected.
The committee was instructed to
see the city authorities and demand worK for the unemployed, or
full maintenance at rates laid down
by the committee and based on tht.
Labor Gazetto figures of the cost
of subsistence. The committee was
also instructed to call meetings as
occasion arose.
Just as the meeting was nU._n to
bo adjourned, a worker, who stated he was speaking for many Eastern workers, who had reeently been
shipped, from the East to the harvest fields, an'd had been told to
keep going West, askod that the
workers of Vancouver Bhould not
show any ill-feeling towards them.
The chairman replied by stating'
that if they acted as men, they-'
would bo welcome and treated as
any other workers were.
Railroad   Metl
Get Wage Cu<|
(Continued ftpm page 1)
decreed that a laborer Who has|
heretofore generally received
rate higher than that paid a section]
laborer shall now -be paid a wagq
of $9.30 for a full time week,'
Wharton's dissenting opinion soldi
"a Wage that is, below the minimum!
established by various agencies i
being sufficient to support one wor-j
ker and many of these aire men ofj
families.
"Is it just or reasonable that i
Journeyman mechanic who Is re*3
quired to serve a four-year appren-H
ticestrtp shall have his earnings fot|
a full month's, service cut fron:
$174.40 to $122.40, while certahJ
other classes of employees, soma
of whom are unquestionably lesa
skilled, retain all of the increases]
granted them during the period o_|
Federal dont Alt"
He presented a table of rates oil
pay Th passenger service showing
reductions of $1.80 a day by thii
decision and declared that othej
classes of shop crafts "are Hkewif
tho subject of discrimination
compared "with the treatment ac|
corded station and train forces.
Hand your neighbor this oopy
The Foderationist,   and  then  c.
aroiind noxt day for a subscriptio
Eureka Tea Co.]
607 DUNSMUIB  STBEET
rresli Routed Coffee Dally
Te.s sad Coffee 3 lbs. for 11 snd np.|
Politicians Scored
by Labor Members
. ——    ii   nil
(Continued from page 1>
budget, protested at being forced
to' listen to the usual brand of politics of the old line parties.
Citing the pleas at the spring session for beer for the poor working
man. and the claims made that if
he could only get that his emancipation would be complete, Mr. Neelands claimed that the eight-hour
bill was more important and of
more vital intSI-est than was the
glass of beer, yot ho found that the
same parlies who were last spring
urging the "beer clause" were now
aligned with the forces opposed to
the eight-hour bill.
Recalling the slogan, "Produce
and save," and the national campaign in support thereof, the member for South Vancouver stated
that' while production had been stimulated, the methods of distribution wero not. Warehouses were
full of goods, and yet the people
were deprived of them because it
was impossible to get to the Individual what had bcen produced collectively. He cited the case of a
veteran farmer on Lulu Island,
who could get but $9 per ton for
potatoes from the wholesaler, who
sold to the consumer at $22;
"Sometimes some of us refer to
a revolution, and tlie people get
excitod and dub fSs Socialists, agitators, Bolshevists, but iB there any
wonder under existing conditions?
Is It any wonder that there fs a revolution .In the minds ,of the peoplo
who are beginning tb think and
use their intelligence?"
Mr. Neelands also referred to thc
Stottler Cigar Company,*"to which a
loan of $25,000 had been made under the Department of Industries
Act, designed to aid residents of
tbe Province, and discharged nil its
male help and engaged females at
wages below the standard of thc
Minimum Wage Act, and, In addi-
lon, the company benefited-throflgh
that loan in its operation of a factory ln the East,
Always look up the Fed. advertisers before muklny on.vh.-ises.
Good Eyesight!
Is an Asset
To hold "s man'ft job" these dny*
requires ovory faculty in its most
efficient state. Poor eyosight is a
illBtinot handicap. It is not just a'
matter of seeing * plainly, but of
seeing without unnecessary strain.
I make a specialty of correcting
optical defects, with properly ad*
' justed glasses at very moderate
charges.
; E. RICHARDS
OPTOMETRIST AND OPTIOIAM '
Blf|._ Iiutit IM.
_3 BASTINGS ST. WEST
(Opposite Pantages Theatre)
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT |
The Oliver Roor
48 M CORDOVA BAST
Ever) thing Modern
Rates Reasonable
Auto-Knitting Machine]
WANTED AND FOR BALE
Lessons Given,   Socks Refootcd|
Remodelled
R. 3. McEVOY
123 Gore Ave.. Vanconver, B.
H. Walton
PROFESSIONAL MASSEUR
Specialist   ln   Eleotrleal   Treatments,!
Violet Ray and High Frequency fori
nhpiiniatiam, Sciatica, Lumbano, Par*]
alysis, Hair  and   Scalp   TnaUaoaU-J
Oli ro nio Ailments.
310-311 CARTBE-OOTTON BLDG.
Phons  Sfljrmour 2048
108 Hwrtings Street West

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