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The British Columbia Federationist Sep 17, 1920

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' :■" I.    ."■ .■ •-   .aa-
$2.50 PER YEAR
Varley and Farmilo Show
Their Hands at
Jimmie Simpson Defends
Speakers of Labor
\ Church
(By Oordon Cnacaden)
Windsor, Ont., Sept. 16.—William
Varlay ot Toronto, goneral organ.
hor for tho American Fedoration
•( Labor, launched a bitter attack
on tho Dominion Labor Party and
tho Bev. Wm. Ivene, Rov. J. I.
Woodsworth, Rev. A. B. Smith, labor church speakers at tho Dominion Tradei Convention, horo on
Alt. Farmilo of Bdmonton eup
ported him, tho Alberta man bo.
Ing most bitter ln hie denunciation
of Woodiworth.
Varley, who endeavored to do
organization work for the American
Federation of Labor in Winnipeg,
and other weitern places, got rid of
hie tirade at an unexpected mo
. ment, and when no reference what,
ibever had been made to the Win.
nipeg situation. J. W. Wilkinson
•f Vanoouver, chairman of committee of officers reports, had explained why tho committee agreed
with the executive in opposing direct participation in politicB as I
political party. The differences
regarding the extent and ths kind
ol political aotlon of varloua supporters of Soolaliet and Labor parties,, making tt Impossible to bring
about unanimity of action on the
Parliamentary field.
7 Bays Workere WUl Control
Peter McCallum, a Toronto carpenter, followed with the declaration that the workers will take control Irrespective of the forces opposed to them. "We aa workeri
have produced all, he said. "We
want all the wealth, for we have
produced tt. What we. want ia a
workers republic based o-n the
Soviet principle."
"I have here a number of resolution! passed by the One Big Union convention In Calgary, and they
are the expressions Potor McCallum has spoken," shouted Varley.
"I contend 1 have done aa much
on behalf of the Labor Party In
Canada ai any man, but I condemn
tht entrance into lt of men of the
bourgeois middle class. In tlie
west 'it has ln lt men who have
either reached their limit in the
pulpit or have been blown out ot
the pulpit and have reached that
place where they have turned their
collars from back to front." . .
He said a "campaign of blasphemy, Imputation and slander'
had been carried on in tho west.'
"I know that an ex-presldent of the
Tradea and Labor congross of can.
ada was refused admission to a
labor party local ln thla Dominion,"
he asserted.
Simpson Defends
James Simpson of Toronto, made
a spirited defence   of   the   labor
church preachers:   "We are following every detail of the brain and
hand workers' movement of Oreat
Britain In the program for a labor
party, adopted by the Trades and
Labor    Congr'eis,"    he    declared.
"There are three preachers whose
names I will mention and whose
**work I know.   These three men
«dld not leave their pulpits because
\ » et economlo reasons, but they left
' fi-because    of   principles.    When 1
Jfcame back from New Zealand I
saw one of these men, who, because of his heroic soul, was working with his overall, as a longshoreman.   He li tha Rev. 3. B. Woods-
worth, another man like him Ih the
Rev. A. B. Smith  of Brandon, a
third Is the Rev.  Wm.  Ivens.    I
don't think these men had ulterior
motive! tn Joining with ua.   They
sacrificed   both  social  status  and
(Continued on page I)
City Workers Are Faced
With Complete Annihilation
Europe in Same Position
as Russia Before Kerensky Revolution
By Mu Worth,
European    Staff    Writer for the
Federated Press.
Paris, Franoa—With one ey» on
Russia an* the other on the approaching winter, the capitalist nation! of Europe are making frantic
efforts to get tha old economlo machine on a running basis. The
check, which the Russian army hai
sustained at Warsaw gives a moment's breathing space from the
"Bolshevist menace," but the announcement of tho forthcoming
ooal itrike ln Oreat Britain threaten! the itabllity of the whole capltaliat enterprise.
If there li no ooal, there will be
trouble ln mora than one of the
European countrlei before tha
froit break! next aprlng, and the
people here know It. Under the
most favorable condltlona the coal
shortage will be little less than
appalling. With the serious stop,
page ot production In Oreat Britain the situation becomes impossible.
The peace treaty, as one recent
writer put lt, has Balkanteed cen.
tra) Bujrope—barbed-wire entan-
blements barthe bridges; the train
service Is suspended; mall la 'not
delivered; there are' customs barriers everywhere; the varieties of
money ore even greater than the
varieties of newly constituted ":
tlons;" this money, for the most
part, is worthless, even In the Jurisdiction wher'e lt was printed.
City Workera Position.
No raw materials are being produced nor shipped; the people! on
each side o'f the newly painted
boundary lines aro glaring at one
another and resolutely refusing to
do the cne thing upon which the
future of Europo depends—to cooperate. Tho farmers are not faring badly. They produce what
they need and consume it. The city
dwellers, howevor, are faced- with
France la liiulng a new loan In
perpetuity—at C per cent No
limit ls set on tho amount, but the
termi of the Issue will enable the
rich to turn in their old government bonda and take out a perpetual mortgage on the economic Ufe
of the French people.
The League of Nations Is ached-
(Continued on page 8)
Millworkers WiU Hold i
Mass Meeting in
Memberi of the Lumber Work
•ri, Railway Workers and General
Workers units of the O. B. U, who
work or reside in New Westminster, Port Mann, Frfcser Mills and
Maillardville, will hold a mass
meeting: in New Westminster Labor
Hall, corner 7th and ltoval aves.,
on Wednesday, October 18, at 8
Ways and means for uniting
these these various units will be
discussed, and if satisfactory arrangements can be made, it is the
Intention of these membera to open
an ofllce ln New Westminster, and
have their own local secretary and
organiser, who will devote his
whole time to organizing the workora ln this district,
All members ihould muke it
their business to be present at this
meeting, for It ls the most Import-
Ant move that has yet been made
out there tb solidify the labor
The business meeting of mill-
workers that was to have been held
OD Wedneaday, September 22 has
been cancelled, and no further
meetings will be held by them
Id New Westminster' until thc mass
meeting on October 13.
Strikers Want to Abolish
Sunday Work—Labor
Must Help
The gaa workers of Vancouver
and Victoria are still en strike.
The gas supply ls still very low, ln
spite ot the fact that tho company
has obtained enough. strike brothers to take the places ui the office
staff, who were pressed laco service
as stokers, etc. The strike breakers are being housed an-' fed in
the blacksmith shop, bu> th* strike
pickets are still able to keep thc
labor supply down.
International* Refuse to Scab.
Although the strikers belong lo
the O. B. U., the International Un-
tons are behind them. The Gas
Company wanted to get somo
plumbing done during Uie week,
but the number's Un'cm absolutely
refused to have anything to do
with the job while IL was unfair.
The Gas Company also applied to
the Steam and Operating Engineers
for aome engineers anl mechanics,
but this union also emphatically
declined to handle lhe lob.
In flaring advertisements lhe
company Informs the general public that the present wage Is as high
as any In Canada, but . entirely
Ignores the fact that thc principle
Involved ln the strike is 'mostly
that of Sunday work. The strikers want to make the pay for Sju-
day work aa high as tnat being
paid by the company to Its SOO
street railway employees, chiefly in
order to do away with as much
Sunday work aa possible. The
strikers claim that Sunday work eau
be almost entirely eliminated, but
the company'prefers lo have the
men slaving seven .days a week.
Twenty-five men are Involved In
this Sunday work, for whom the
union demands time and a half,
but the company only agrees to
time and one-eighth.
Union Did Not Agree.
Tho Gag Workers' Union did not
agree to accept the award of the
arbitration board. All it did was
to agree to have the demands investigated by a conciliation committee. .
The Victoria Dally Times had to
get the aid of thc Seattle Times
and a seaplane ln order lo get somo
of its editions out. The gas company Is urging the public to uso as
little gas an possible, but if the opposite was done, thc company would
be compelled to meet thc men's demands In order lo keep jip the industrial activities of the city. Organized labor must throw its'entire
weight into this scrap. 1
Sensational Charges Are
Made By 6. R* Hughes Late
Accountant for Spencer's
In Sworn Statement Charges Big Cdrporation With Cooking Accounts
to Avoid Income Tax on Full Jprofits—R T. Elliot Appeals
to Lieut. Governor Whfji Government Fails to
Act—Local Press Remains Silent
A COUPLE of monthi or ao ago a aensation waa oaused in -t- Jfc-»»tUr would now U taken np, although giving no explana-
iV toria and throughout the province by the arrest ol Griffith
B. Hughes, newspaper proprietor and otherwise prominent and.
reputedly wealthy, on a charge of robbing'tho David Spencer
firm of fabuloua sums during a number of yeara in which he had
acted as accountant lor the said firm. In the criminal proceedings which were instituted, the defending counsel was R. T.
Elliott, already famous through his attack by telegram on Premier John Oliver and the subsequent suit for libel.
It may be mentioned that the defendant, 0. B. Hughes, made
an assignment of hia eatate to D. Leeming and Hon. Eli Harrison
as trustees; in that connection there were subsequent develop,
ments,.about which the press haa been strangely and sedulously
On August 11, Mr. Elliott wrote to Attorney-General Farris
calling attention to alleged malfeasance of a very serious nature
o» the part of the Spencer firm. As will be aeen from the ac
companyirig affidavit, this waa on ao gigantic a scale, and so
closely affecting the government itself, that instant action on
the government's part waa imperatively called for.' Mr. Farris,
however, merely acknowledged the receipt of Mr. Elliott'e letter on August 16, and apparently nothing more was done or
After waiting just one month for the government to act, Mr.
Elliott on September 11 addressed himself directly to Lieutenant-Governor Prior, lodging a formal complaint and asking for
an enquiry into the relations existing between the Spencer firm
and the government. He also notified the premier of the step
he was taking, and promptly received a reply, intimating that
mn of the government's inaction during the month preceding.
tf can hardly be supposed that the premier had not been previously posted on the matter by the attorney-general; however,
ia the reply:
ime Minister,
Province of British Columbia.
Victoria, Sept., 13th, 1920
*ir. B. T. Elliot,
\ .'Hotel Vancouver Annex, .   ....
; j   Vancouver, B. C.
/Sir:—I am in receipt of your letter of the llth4nst., advising
Ue that you are making formal application to His Honour the
Lieutenant-Governor for the appointment of a Judicial Com-
ttSssion to enquire into the relations between my administration
andithe Spencer Corporators.
;Your communication will be placed before the Executive for
Tours truly,
,.'  .(Signed) "JOHN OLIVER."
.... That much speedier action was called for will readily appear
;itom the affidavit of Mr. Hughes, given below. Why the gov-
ili-nment did not act ia yet to be explained.
It will be noted that Mr. Hughes only gives the figures for
!iie|year, during which he says that the firm's profits in Victoria
and; Vancouver amounted to over half-a-million dollars, and
{fat, at the firm's direction, the profits were stated to be less
'fun one-tenth of that sum for the purposes of taxation.
(Continued on Page Eight)
Harrington    Spoke    on
Newspaper' Battles
Last Week
The Socialist Party of Canada's
regular Sunday evening propaganda meeting at the Empress theatre,
waa well attended, and J. Harrington ocoupled the platform,
The great battles that are being
fought by the Poles on the front
pages of our newspapers, and the
coincidence of the floating of a
aale of French bonds ln New Tork
at the same time, were the subjeot
ot the opening remarks of the
speaker. Italy being ln the limelight on account ot Its social disturbances, the speaker, devoted the
greater part of hie lecture to the
historical evolution of that part of
the world, from the Roman civilisation and also dealt with the Moorish civilisation In Spain, the effect
of their cultural development on
the Lanquedoceans or Albtqensei
the struggles over the silver mines
of Bohemia, and later the developments ln Saxony up to the Luther-
Reformation, noting also the
various spiritual adjustments made
by the church ln conformity with
the changing orders of society, and
the Inevitable change of viewpoints
of the peoples concerned.
Qreat and lasting changes ln the
social .life of mankind have been
preceded by a change in the meth
od by which he produces his livelihood, Capitalism, the youngest of
the' youngest of the forms of socl
ety, but three centuries old, haa developed the resources of the world
so rapidly that It at -last stands
aghast before the very mechanism
of the process lt has called Into being. Commodities are piled up sky
high, and mankind is denied the
use of them, because of the great
abundance. If It employed all of
their slaves, they would produce so
abundantly that the people who
own the machines would be paralysed by the very abundance and they
could not reap a profit on It. No
one would buy It, and they themselves would be ln ruin by reason
of the Industry of the slaves they
own. It Is a situation which calls
for a draatic and more or less Immediate change. Mankind as a
whole, throughout hltsory, has
never permitted a weaker party to
keep him from his "grub"—power Is
the thing that counts In the grub
struggle. The peoplo today, with
the power ls the working class, and
the working class, being human
beings, the nature of them forbids
they should He down In the sight of
food and die when someone weaker
than them stands before them. A
mere social obstacle shall not deter
them, but becoming masters of the
machinery of production they become free and Independent members of human socioty, controlling
the fruits of their toll.
The speaker next Sunday Is T.
Winnipeg Parade Leader ot Re-.
turned Men Released
oat Friday
R, B. Bray* ex-service man, and
one of the men convicted for participation ln the Winnipeg strike, Is
to be released today.
Bray was convicted on the common nuisance count of the seditious
conspiracy indictment whioh was
the sequel of the general strike of
1*19, and waa sentenced to six
months' imprisonment. The Jail
term would not expire until the end
of the month, but a fortnight la being lopped off it for good conduct
Bray became prominent In connection with the strike as a leader of
the parades. Bray lost a son during his Incarceration. '
Combined Printing Trades will
Discuss Wago Scales In
Capital City.
The B. C. Coast printing trades
wtflfhold a convention In Vlotoria
oa Sunday next. Representatives
oi the different unions from Vancouver', Viotorla' and New Westminster will attend. About twenty-
flVe delegates will leave from the
faatnland on Saturday night. The
business that will be before the
convention will be a new wage
acale covering all branches of the
printing trade.
.That college professor who offer-
ad his service to both old parties
shows'that a man can serve two
masters—when they In turn have
one big boss.
Belgrade, Servla.—Communism
,1s sweeping Servla. At the recent
municipal elections ln Belgrade,
80 seats In the board of aldermen
were won by the communists, und
a communist mayor chosen.
Similar results were achieved ln
other Servian oities. Already there
are communist majorities In seven
Only Waiting Good Opportunity to Get bite
Scrap With U.M.W.A.
Organizer Christopher's of the O.
B. U., addressed a well attended
mass meeting In Coleman, Alta.,
The meeting was addressed In,
English, Italian, Slavonian, and
Polish. After the public meeting
was over a meeting of the local,
unit was hcid aud the former sec-
retary of the U. M. W. of A. local
was elected financial secretary ot
the miners' unli, O. B. U. His name
ls John Johnson. He is well known
In Alberta.
Although the U. M. W. A. con-
thme to force the miners to pay
dues by huving the companies stop
the amount out of tho minera1
wages, the men in Ferule, B, Ci
and Bellevue, Alta,, wro were recently addressed by Christopher*.
are only wallii.t their opportunity
to once more set i-.itn the fight for
One Big Unio.i. Blairmore unit
aent two delegates to the district
convention, j. id .reelings of this
unit are well attended by miners
as well as police stool pigeons and
Thiel detective*.
Shanghai, China—Subtle agitation by British and Japanese
agents is discerned ih a new war
which has broken out between the
provinces of Fuklen and Canton,
Several towns have been captured
by the Cantonese forces, according
to dispatches received here. For a
long time there has been systematic agitation throughout China to
stir up the people of one province
against another so that China
would be kept busy Internally
while Japan Intrenched herself
along the long frontier . of thli
By. The Federated Press.
Paris—Italian troops have fired
upon Socialist workers In Trieste,
according to dispatches from Rome,
Machine guns are being used, and
tho city has taken on the aspect ot
civil war, with barricades in the
Two American industrial plants
have been seized by the workers ln
Milan—those of the Western Electric Company and tho Amorican
Radiator Company—and are belug
operated under Soviet control.
Banking Interests Must
1 Fight Without Labor
| Funds
(By the Federated Press)
Tucson, Arizona—There is a hitter Labor war on here. The Tub-
eon Chamber of Commerce and the
Bankers Association declared tor a
non-union shop ln the building
trades, and the flght Is being carried to - the shopkeepers and the
merchants with the aim of breaking up'organlzed labor.
Labor ls meeting tho Issue courageously and with sound method by
further orgaInzatiou. It has organized a co-operative stolre. This
store 1% Labor's commissariat. The
conflict, started here.
Tuscon's workers found that the
banks were lined up with the
Chamber of Commerce and the
builders. They too declared for the
non-union shop. So Labor decided
to sUrt a bank of Its own. It put
an organizer in the field, and in a
few days $19,000 was subscribed towarda a $60,000 bank.
A bank controls credit. In the
hands of the employers lt can
blacklist any merchant that refuses
to Join in the war on Labor. It can
shut off his credit. The average
merchant is at the mercy of the
banks. So are the wholesalers
wliich deal with the retail merchants.
Bismarck, N. D.—Even since
North Dakota paaaed a law compelling stores and factories to furnish stools for their women employes, Northwest politicians have
beep warning the women against
the League menace, avid ever since
North OaKota starlet/ home building the> have beu- likewise protecting   the   homes.   Commenting
on this,    Mike    Flynn, prominent the silent revolution which Is now
dray wagon driver, says':    "It the transforming Italy,
League wut to wrolte the Tin Commandments In its program, those
fellies would begin protectln' Qod
Silent Revolution Taking
Place Says Capitalist
To head off a threatened lock-out
In over 600 plants of Italy employing members of the Metal Worker's' Union, .the workers seized control of the plants and are operating
them under the direction of factory counolls, according to Hiram
K. Moderwell, correspondent of the
Chicago Daily News, One of the
biggest' arsenals of the kingdom,
situated ln Venice, was among the
plants taken over by the union
Mr. Moderwell visited the Tab-
enelli car works at Rome after it
had come under the rule ot the
workers.   He writes ot his visit:
What Moderwell Writes.
I visited today the TabenelU factory, accompanied by a member of
the   union's   executive   committee,
,1 waa shown through the place
by the chairman of the factory
council. Everything seemed to be
working In perfect order. Here
the men live day and night, while
eighty guards patrol the walls to
give warning of the approach ot
soldiers. The department bosses
have remained with the miw and
are directing the technical work.
When the noon whistle blew for
lunch a grimy railroad man approached with two palls of food.
"Here, comrades," he said, "is
something to eat."
Railroad men,and Socialist cooperatives donate the food for the
unmarried workers, but the others
are fed by their wives, who bring
meata twice a day to the gate. The
women are admitted to eat lunch
with thcir husbands, but no bourgeois, except newspaper men, are
allowed to pass the gate.
"The workers have reduced their
lunching time to half an hour, and
tomorrow I shall Initiate a schedule of Intensified work," said the
chairman, "We ahall work harder
now that we know that we are
working for ourselves. We are
willing to work twelve or fourteen
hours for the Socialist republic, but
we will not work to provide dividends for profiteers.
No Soldiers Around.
"The discipline is perfect. Anyone who loafs must answer to the
factory council."
A working agrement on behalf
of soviet Russia haa been reached
for the flrst time between the
Socialist and anarchistic unions and
the seamen. This combination Is
equivalent to a league of the
American Federation of Labor avid
the Railroad brotherhoods in Amer.
These facts do not show that
there Is likelihood of a Bolshevist
revolution here, but they do show
French Being Backed By
Financiers of Wall
France is Dying But Will
Pay the Fiddler
By Helen Augur,
Btaff Correspondent for the Federated Press.
New Tork—Set the stage for the
new war. J. P. Morgan * Company have just. lent the Trench
government 1100,000,000, aad
thereby have entered Into onemore
imperialist adventure—at 8 per
French troopi are massed ln Alsace, ln the Ruhr, In the Khlnelavid,
In the Saar. Press dispatches are
bringing peace details of France's
plan to dismember Germany, to cut
off Bavaria and her rich coalfield
valley. The French general Btaff,
atill Intoxicated by the gigantic
hatred of the war* and urged by
her capitalists, has -laid down every
plan for the complete disruption
of the German republic. French
agents are everywhere in the country fomenting separatist movements, making ready for,the keen
knife of war.
French generals and French-
paid generals are busily hacking at
the treasure-spots of Southwestern
Russia, General Wrangel has been
recognized on condition that he
should hand over to France as soon'
as possible all railways in European
Russia for exploitation; the surplus
of the Ukraine and Kuban grain,
three-fourths of the exported quantities of naptha and benzine, and
one-fourth of the coal produced in
the Don district—to say nothing of
paying 6 1-2 per' cent interest for
the next 36 years on the old Czarist
debt t0 Ffance. France ls backing
Poland on condition that still more
of Russia's riches be carved out of
Not Worrying.
All In all, the group of keen Wall
atreet bankers who follow J. P.
Morgan's lead ln backing up France
are not worrying about getting 8
per cent Interest on their loan for
the next 26 years.
If that 8 per ceht. means the
agony of the common people of
France and Germany and Poland
and Russia, the .tall' buildings of
Walt street will still be proud. , If
lt means the last gasp for Germany,
the shameful militarizing of Poland,
and the more shameful betrayal of
Russia, at least American business
men will have proved their ability
to "put It over."
(Continued on page I)
F.L P.
(By The Federated Press.)'
Washington:— (Wn. Bureau) —
Samuel Gompers will plead with
Attorney General Palmer' for the
release of political prisoners at a
conference set for September 13,
Superior. Wis.—According to'a
special cable to the Finnish Dally
Tyomies, the political situation in
Finland ls becoming more critical,
A bomb was thrown In Helsingfors at the house ot Sgllevirtn, a
well known provacator In the Mannerheim murder attempt last
spring. Four persons were wounded.    The worker* at the Stockfore
Big Hall and Offices to Be
Opened Up Next
Membera and friends of the F.
I.. P. will be pleased to know that
the executive haa Juat leased and
ara now busy fitting up their home
at 148 Cordova atreet west. Thla
.la juat around the corner from
Cambie atreet, on the south side.
It haa if- three yoart lease of thc
upper floor over Trlx's hlg shoe
atore, giving a 50-foot frontage.
The apartmenta are well lighted
with very high ceilings, which
means good ventilation. It will
have a well proportioned hall cap.
able of seating 200 people. There
la alao li large room suitable for
reading rooms and five smaller
rooms suitable for' offices, all well
lighted and airy.
On Saturday morning thc 18th
heat and light will be turned on
and the first business meeting will
be held in the hall. A little later
the women of Ihe party will
give a "house warming" and a general good time may be expected.
Now thnt the government Is taking over the Labor Templo, there is
much searching on the part of organized labor for offices and hall
accommodation. Severnl unlona
are now negotiating for the use of
the P. L. P. hall and offices, ao
that the financing of thla new venture ls assured.
A Janitor and agent will look after" the convenience and comfort of
the party and their tenants and a
vary active Bcason Is* assured.
Tha password today Is "organize and educate." Theory Is
essential, but administrative ability
Is more Important. The class that
la to rule thc world must fit Itself
to rule and they who would be
rulera of great things must show
faithfulness and efficiency In small
things. There Is worlt for all In
the F. L. P. If you are in earnest,
come and aee us on Saturday.
W. I. C.
Cincinnati—An arbitration board
baa advancod wages of platform
men employed by the local street
car company from CO rents an hour
to a maximum of 69 cents an hour.
The award will date back to June
1. Tho nine?hottr dny is substituted
for ten hours. Former overtime
rates of time and one-third is advanced to time nnd one-half, nnd
British Miners Seek Affitt-
ation With Cana-  j *
Press Got a Shock Wheh
Communications Came
Before Convention
Calgary, September 13.—Dlstriot
No. 1, Mining Department, O. B.
U. (Coal Mining Division) haa juat
concluded a succeasful and remarkable convention. It waa aucceasful
ln the fact that It brought In delegatea representing over aeven thou-
aa'nd workera and remarkable becauso of tha awlftneaa with which -
it disposed of the bualneaa in hand
with a series of reaolutions whloh
carried with absolute unanimity.
The chief bualneaa before th*
oonvention waa tbe election of three
delegatea to the Port Arthur Convention of the One Big Union' and
the arriving at a deolaion In regard
to what would be the beat way ln
which to overthrow the compulaory
check-off lmpoaed - by Qldeon
Robertaon a'.id tlie V. It, W. ot 'U.
Sign the check-oft or starve ia
the operators cry. The deductions
kept from the workera wages and
|>anded directly ett* to the International representative* rune from
11.70 to $10 per month.
Henry Beard, chairman of the
Diatrict; W. E. Clarke, of Coalhurst and P. M. Christophers, of
Blairmore were elected - delegatea
to Port Arthur.
Will fight Check-off.
A deolaion waa arrived at ln regard to what waa thc best way to
cary on the fight against the checkoff. That decision placod the matter in the hands of the rank and
file. The operators are attempting;
to discover If there-la to be strikes
atrlke and to fix dates for
such occurrences. The O B. U.
boya reply that there may be an
advance all along the line or Juat a
little skirmish here and there
where the enemy has an opening in
hla flank. The supreme couneil of
strategy Is as mum as an oyster.
Already there haa been an exchange ot shots Just to show that
the scrap ls on and at least four
pamps have won advanced positions. Thc operators are Jn aome- '
what the same state of mind aa
Fritz used to be when he heard an
uncanny noise In No Man's land.
sinillie'a Cable.
For many montha old country
miners, former member's of the
Miners' Federation of Great Brituin, have been carrying on a campaign for some sort of affiliation
ot Canadian miners, wtth Britiah
miners. The United Mine Workers machine at Indianapolis has
been guilty of several traitorous
acta which have shown to Smillie
and his associates their connection
with the Big Interests. The principles of the One Big Union ar*
approved of by the Miners' Federation and recent communlcatlona
were laid befor'e the convention and
a reply by cable decided upon.
This led to a report being published that a "cable has been received
from Smillie" and when London
got after Smillie he aald that he
had sent no cable.
The International ollicers of the
U. M. W. of Ar and a score of their
"agonlzers" In this district- are declaring that four organization holds
to Its contracts and Robort Smillie
can't call us out. We have a contract for two yeara." '"
The O B. U. "corpse," on account or the Smillie episode, haa
given somo of the papers quite' a
little tremor of excitement ahd
seem to have a ghost'that will not
Henry Bc .rd was re-elected
chairmnn by thc miners and Arthur
Evans, general secretary. Offices
aro being established In Calgary
and communications come to
Arthur Evans, Box 1660, Calgary,
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
paper mills have struck because qubstltute platform men arc guar-
the White Guard killed a red poll- anteed 9100 a month, Instead of
"**' **«• • $86, the old rate.
Hundred Thousand  Dollars Spent on Breaking
Winnipeg Strike
The Veteran, published at Ottawa, takes a big slam at the gov
ernment activities and expenditures
during the Winnipeg Btrike, It
It will interest the people of
Manitoba and the West generally
thnt some flOK;000 spent on breaking thc Winnipeg strike was slipped through the Public Accounts
under the head of Army Demobll-
zation. As the money was spent
not In demobilizing but in mobilizing an active force the appropriateness of the accounting Is obvious.
It Is quite a sum of the taxpayers'
money to spend on frying flsh for
the Committee of O.io Thousand. It
helps also to explain the capitalistic enthusiasm of some of the underlings. What a spectacle! Muni.
tofouns drawing pny from the Dominion to bully fellow Manltobans!<
lt would make tho fathers of there
young nnuteur strike-breakers that
were mobilized turn In their graves,
Ottawa money to shoot down fellow
citizens of Manitoba, Ottawa money
und Wall Street orders.   Pah.     '
We patronize those who patron
Ize us. •j.Yv-uuviit  i__ai_,   .inu.   .$ ___*_   uiuiiuiJ.    \j\j-J \j ii-.U-.-_   _• i_ui_ iv^a 11 vn i.kJ *        VANCOUVER, B. C.
Demonstration and
Sale of Woollen Goods
——.^—a. - ■■        ■ -    a   ii- ■fill
Demonstrating our ability to save you money on Men's
Wool Underwear, Socks, Sweater Coats, otc. Tremendous
assortments—great values.
Finast Pork Shoulders, weighing frota
4 to 6 lbi., regular 38o lb. Friday
asd Saturday only, lb. « 32Vio
We bar* a nloe lot ot Pork Shoot-
den, nicely trimtud, all middle
cuts and van little bona, weighini
from 3 to 6 lba. Ref. 40o Ib. Friday and Saturday, ft. 87Vie
The above makei ao excellent roaat
Smoked Boneleaa Cottage Bolls
'    .           SPECIAL
On Friday and Saturday wa will aell
our   Famoua   Boneless   Cottage   Rolli,
weighing from 6 to 8 lba.   Reg. 4S%*
lb.    Bpeclel, ft 39Vie
Pineal Pot Bout, from lb  IM
Finaat Own Roaiti, from, lb 20s
Prime Bib Boneleii Rolled Roasts,
from, lb,     28o
Fineat Boiling Beef, from, lb 18a
On Saturday morning we will i«ll
Burns    Faraoua    Carnation    Com*
pound Lard, freak made.   Reg. SSe
lb.   Saturday Special, ft .28o
8  lb s   for.  78c
From 6 a.m. to 11:30 a.m., ln Bal-
This Is nal lsmb, not mutton.
Canterbury Lunb Stew,  ft 22c
Canterbury Lamb  Shoulders,  per
ft J.  W_0
Canterbury Lamb Loini, ft. 32Vie
Canterbury Lamb Lege, per ft. 38c
Slater's Famoui Streaky Baooa,
per Ib -  ...65c
Slater's Sugar Cured Streaky
Baeon, per ft - 80c
Slater's Ayrshire Back Bacon, per
ft. .._ _ .... 4Bo
Slater's Ayrshire Roll Baoon, ft. SOc
. Slater'a Ayrshire Roll Baoon,  ft. 600
Slater's Red Label Tea, lb 48c
Slater's' Green Label Tea, lb 500
Slater's Blue Label Tea, lb B6e
Nabob Beit Tea, lb „ ......920
Slater's Famous Alberta Creamery
Butter. Beg. 08a ft., Saturday
morning from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m.
Special-par ft 62c
Spuds™ Spuds—Spadi
Slater'a  Famous  Highland  Spuds,
100-ft. sacks, delivered, ....12.16
Sardinea, 8 tins for	
Pork and Beans, 3 tins for...
Potted Meat, 8 tins for	
Finest Tomatoei,  tin  ....
Bird's  Custard  PowVler  	
Finest. Sliced Pineapple	
Slater'a Fubou Smoked Ficnl. Ham,
Reg. as. Ib.   Similar, "• 81 Vio
We  will  Mil   th,   T.moni
Brand Sour Spiood Ploklec.
SOe bottl*.    Saturday, per
tie  —	
It will par you to site our Meat,
Department a vlilt.
Fineat Canadian Cheese, lb, 380
B. 0. Cream Oheeae, pkt  SOo
B. 0. Store,. Kggi, doe... 700
Fineat Pun Lard, 1 lba. lor. .OM
IU Haitingi I.      Phona Ity. 3201
IM annua M.     Phona aar. IM
IMO Kali It Phona Fair. 1018
PI. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly Mambar tha Faculty,
Assistant Superintendent, Laoturar and Demonstrator
Crown, Bridge and Platework and Operative Dentistry—
Local and General Anaesthesia at Collate ot Dentistry, University of Southern California. _^
Would you trust yourself to
a blind dentist? Safety First
with X-Ray First!
Safety first is my object when I place the best
dental X-'Bay equipment in the city at your
service. No flaw escapea notice—no diseased
germ is left to create new trouble. Thia method spares you time and discomfort—precludes future and expensive treatments.
X-Bay Trutlu
Recent X-Ray Investigations proved 7 out of
10 people ln Chicago
alone to have abscessed)
teeth. But for the X-
Ray, many would have
gone Ignorant of thetr
602 HASTINGS Vf.{£°_Z.)
Open Tuesday and Friday evening!.
Don't Be a Drudge!
Ln Hallo Extension University
(Homo Study) oflerg you tlie
chance yoa need for complete
training lu Traffic Management,
Higher Accountancy, Salesmanship and other Special course*
that mean Higher Salaries.
Either vox. Any age. Convenient terms. Write or call for literature. District offlce:
Phone Hey. 1750
In that dark hour when sympathy and best service count so
much—call up
Phono Falnnont 68
Propipt Ambulance Service
Russian Workers |, ■
Address to British
Labor Delegation
WHEN the British lnbor delegation arrived In Petrograd
tha trade unions of that city
extended a. welcome to the representatives of British labor In a
manner befitting one of the great?
est historical occasions In the history of tho working class. Here
was the occasion of the old order
meeting the new—the representatives of labor of a capitalistic country meeting the representatives of
the flrat working-class state. Naturally the representatives of the
trade union councils of Petrograd
took advantage of the occasion to
outline some of the things that Soviet Eussia had accomplished, and
also to five them some opinions on
the class struggle that would appear to be reaching' the climax.
Amongst others that addressed the
British labor men was Tov. Zipero-
vltoh. His address was as follows:
The men and women workers of
Red Petrograd, organized ln trades
unions, welcome the delegates of
the British, Swedish and Norwegian workers,
It li with a feeling of deep satisfaction that tho Trades Unton
Council, having bcen requested by
the Trades Unions to meet the British guests, notices that the mighty
pressure of the British revolutionary movement has at last made the
government of Llyod George give
up the police methods (as the refusal of passports) so degrading to
the British proletariat At last the
British workers have obtained the
opportunity to inform personally
themselves regarding the organization and the life of Soviet Russia.
The council therefore considers the
permission given 'the workers' delegate! to leave .Britain «* the first
step on the road of the British
revolutionary proletariat tpwarcls
winning for itself, true freedom and
independence from police arbitrariness.
The Petrograd Council of Trade
Unions further considers It very
symbolical that the delegation of
the British workers are taking their
flrst steps on the territory of Soviet Russia ln Red Petrograd. It is
in the cradle of tho. proletarian
revolution, In the city where the
will of the Russian working class
for final conquest over capital, in
the name of Communism, flrst took
clear shape, that the British workers have to begin their study of the
country of proletarian dictatorship.
It Is not ln the interests of the
council of trade unions, nor in that
of the whole Soviet Russia of the
workmen and peasants, that the
delegation from the British trade
unions and labor parties should obtain an insufficient, • partial or
wrong impression of the Communist constructive work in Soviet Russia. The Russian workers, who
never shut their eyes to the truth
and never fear it, are deeply interested in an honest word about
things ln RuBsia at last taking the
place of the mendacious, calumniatory and base fabrications of the
International "yellow" press of the
bourgeoisie. That Is why I wish to
point out here some of the most
important and characteristic facts
regarding the history of the Petrograd working class, a history which
though short, Ii yet full of deep
Fought to End War
The British workers no doubt remember the revolutionary role of
the Petrograd proletariat on the
eve of and during the war. The
whole world and, unfortunately,
also large masses of the working
class were seized with the fever of
chauvinism, nursed by the experienced hand of the Imperialists, set
ablaze by them and by the social
patriots so as to bring about a terrible outbreak of hatred and' fratricide. At that very time the proletariat of Petrograd, through Its
best representatives, wai the first
to condemn the war, by means of
a number of strikes under the most
adverse conditions, because they
were the conditions of war, and to
assert its firm will to fight the landlords and capitalists, for It considered this fight the only means
effectively to put an end to the
Tke Ignominious break-down of
Tsarism aroused in the bourgeois
class of the Entente the false hope
that the military power of Russia
would revive and that the workeri
of Petrograd, as well aa the whole
of Russia, could be persuaded by
means of chimerical "democratic"
freedom to continue the imperialist war and to gain victory at all
coat. However, the February revolution only became a new starting
point for the continuation of the
merciless War which the Petrograd
working class had declared upon
imperialist slaughter.
Nor could any attempts of the
International bourgeoisie to divert
us from this road, nor any delegations deiided by Albert Thomas apd
other    social-corn promisors,     who
It is an acknowledged fact that the Black &
White sets the styles each season for men's Hats
—The hat buying public looks to us for the correct styles an colors.
All the newest shapes and colors, $1.50
to $4.00.
then were still leaders of the'work-
ing class, break the trorP-will of
the Petrograd workers to'hoiVe an
honest and just peace conlTuded.
Went Boldly Along.   .     *
Prom the very first dayfliof the
February revolution the Petrograd
proletariat boldly went alorig thc
stormy path of social congests,
fully realising that sooner, or': Iat or
it will meet with the desperate resistance of the propertied classes.
The British workers remember, as
woll as the Russians-do, the*hateful role played by the British Ambassador Buchanan, hand In hand
with the government of Kerensky
and Mlllukow, when they tried to
divert the workers from the social
struggle, and to drive them Into
the fratricidal war. But this policy
also did not help them, .Within the
short period between the Februaijy
revolution and the October revolution, when as it appeared, years
were lived through, th* will and"
the Sbnsclousness of' tha working
class grew io strong that It became
possible not only to put up tbe
question of the workers dictatorship but to carry tt actually into
That Is; why from the very lirst
days of the October revolution al'
the hatred of the bourgeois classes
of the whole world concentrated
on the great centre of th-i world
revolution, on Red Petrograd. The
whole city was filled with all eorts
of secret organizations of the'white
guards who received money from
America, Britain, France and Qermany, and i\ho were Inspired by
International imperialism. British,
French, American and German
spies and provocators, under the
signboard of their respective embassies, were systematically under
mining the Petrograd Council of
Workmen's and Red Asm/ Depu
ties, at the same time assisting the
attacks of the white general*.
It must be counted to the oredit
of sovietism, as a system of government, and of the Communist party,
as leader of the workers' dictatorship, that they succeeded In protecting Red Petrograd from the
outrages of the white guards whom
the Entente sent to ua In droves,
and to preserve Petrograd as the
British trade union delegates find
it now.
Position of Rod. Petrograd
The Petrograd trade unlona that
counted 600,000 membera Wiring
the period between the tfe'brtiiry
and the October revolutions nave
now only 272,166 memltflNL1 Tills
decrease ln membership 'fa Ap (.<•
explained by the terrlblf T>o8fi£t>r
In whloh Petrograd was piacetf after the February revolution atffr in
which It la to this day. Tha greatest part of our industry, in particular the metal works; had to be
stopped owing to the lacVc'of'fuel
and raw materftri, white^lnjim
there, were 605 large eri&tfrisbs
working In Petrograd, nofr'there
are only 256, 1. e. 42 per Ceni..Jour
commercial fleet la ahut u3 Iff tbe
harbor. Several tlmea we btwo been
cut off from our own bass of (.tip-
piles, from the South and1 ttofK Siberia, by the white guard banda
acting at the behest of the Entente.
Simultaneously Red Petrograd had
to keep a close watch over everything that was going on at Hii the
frohta of Soviet Russia and to aid
everywhere wtth lta best forces.
Large detachments—of Petrograd
workmen were fighting and inspiring the troops at tha Ural front,
drawing the Red Army Iii their
rear during the attack of Denikin,
and now, but several days ago, they
started for the Polish front in order to repel the Insolent enemy
and, fighting In the ranks of the
Red Army, deal a decisive blow hot
only to the Polish but also to all
the International white guard
However, our Britlah guests
would make a serious mistake lf
they Identified the decline in the
figures of the membership wtth a
decline In the organisation, and
quality of the trade unions. On the
contrary, our trada unlona. have
never been so strong, ao well organized, or as eager and enthusiastic to defend Soviet Rusaia and to
build Communism aa' they are now
after our military and moral victory over world imperialism.
When the revolutionary', proletarian of all tha world were
watching with amazement tha heroic self defence of Red Petrograd
during th* two attacks of Yudo-
nltohi they hardly dreamed that ln
this terrible struggle'the workers
of Petrograd were steeling themselves and their organization, were
training their will and educating
themselves lq fraternal solidarity
and discipline for the aaka of the
goneral welfare. Yet lt la Just because of this that the Petrograd
proletariat la evor holding lta red
banner firmly nnd proudly, a banner which—wo are sure—ft will
never give up to anyone,     -
During the hard struggle, when
all our "forces and thoughts seemed
to be wholly concentrated on saving Red Petrograd from th* unjustifiable and therefore eflriiinal
attacks of the. Entente, the "wade
unlona of Petrograd accomplished
a great work of organtzatlotV Jvith-
in a comparatively short time fhey
succeeded In making tha" labor
movement a dependable citadel of
soviet power and of the- communist party. '    p
Combine Economlo With Political
The Russian labor unions1 hever
stood on the platform of tW old
British trade unionism an$, syndicalism. From, the very be$|i|t\ing,
about 15 years ago, they succeeded
in closely combining the economic
struggle with the political, .-.&fter
the characteristic Lena events, In
which the British "Lena GeMffelds
Cfo." played such a terrible and Inhuman role, the political importance of our trade unions grew so
rapidly that It forced the Bussian
Bourgeoise to seek safety In the
arms ofTsarlsm. After the February days our trade unions put forth
the slogan of nationalization of various branches of Industry, thus
preparing the ideal and practical
bases for the October revolution.
And when the latter wrenched the
power out of the hands of the
landlords nnd the capitalists, the
Petrograd workmen, as also the
workers of the whole of Russia,
had no reason to oppose their organizations of the soviet state system.    Tho defense   of   Petrograd.
only underlined, sharpened and
strengthened to the utmost the approach and the harmony between
the trada unions and the Soviets
which had begun directly after the
October revolution.
^ That Is why the Petrograd trade
unions so energetically threw all
their forces Into the defence of
Petrograd against the attacxs of
the Entente, They considered them
selves an Inherent part of Soviet
Russia and defended it becauso ln
this defense they saw the guaran/
tee for the free development of
proletarian dictatorship. During
the attack of Yudenltch the Petrograd workmen's organizations
formed military detachments and
sent them to the front armed not
only with rifles but also "with the
feeling of their proletarian, duty,
with organization and firm discipline. What the British trade, unions and the French syndicates as
well' as the German trade unions
sacrificed for the snko of the Imperialistic war—that the Russian
trade unions gave to their soviots
for the aaka pf proletarian dictatorship.
Carried Out Military Tasks
The Petrograd workera organizations placed themselves wholly at'
the : disposal of the Communist
party and tha Soviet af Workera'
and Red Army Deputies, and under their leadership they carried
out various'military taska. Already
during tha flrat attack ot Yudenltch the trade, unions, together
with the Communist party, accomplished tha difficult taak of freeing
Petrograd from the secret armed
forces consisting of white guards
and bourgeois elements. About 20,<
000 men and women workera, some
•Communists, others non-partisan,
took part ln the searches made ip
bourgeois houses, which gave a
rich harvest of all klnda of arms
and munitions. The trade unions
alao founded hospitals and organized the supply of foodstuffs to our
Red troops; they furnished suttaSle
persons to fill, the administrative
and military ' posts; ■ they dug
trenches around Petrograd, built
barbed wire defences, and erected
barricades, in the streets;, together
with the Communist party and under Ua leadership they trained the
workers for an eventual street fight
Yet all tha time-they did not for
a moment relax their Interest In
production, which frequently acquired enormoua intensity. It suffices to mention the gigantic work
done by our metal works. Our sowing industry our flour mills, tobacco
factories, printing works, etc., during the attack of Yudenltch, in order to understand how far tha Petrograd working class waa from the
thought of opposing their tnteresta
to those.of their own Socialist state,
In .accordance with the wishes oi
lta master—Capital—tha bourgeois
yellow preaa accuses the soviet
power of having deprived the
workera of tha right of coalition
and qf meetings, of the freedom of
speech and of the press. It asserts
that .the trade uniona tn Soviet-Russia are oppressed and destroyed,
and that there no longer exists a
labor movement wtth ua. What our
British guests are seeing now and)
what they will see ln future will,
of course, clearly convince' them
how tAt th* assertions of the bourgeois preaa and of those who Inspire it are from being true,
The fineat palace in Petrograd
belongs to-the trade uniona and the
Trade Unlona Council. The active
workera in the labor movement
cannot even Imagine that the soviet
power could refuse them foreign
passports if they wished to attend
&n International congreaa abroad.
Besides thetr own newspaper and
publications, tha trade unlona and
the Trade Unions Counoil have all
the soviet and' party papera and
publications at their disposal, in order to discuss the probloms we are
interested in. We enjoy full freedom of gatherings and even Indulge ln listening to our adversaries at those meetinga, although
this goea agalnat tha fundamental
rules of olvll war.
Work With Soviets
We have our representativea who
work aotlvely in all the soviet Institutions, In the Soviet of Workera*
and Red Army Deputies, tn the
Communist party. The Labor Department, whloh manages the protection of labor and social insurance Is closely connected with the
Trade Union Council, and follows
the decisions of the councU with
regard to local affairs. The most
active workers of the trade-unions
are employed In the chief bureaus
of the Labor Department. In the
People's Economic Council all the
sections (textile, metal, foodstuffs,
woodwork, organization of production, etc.), are made up of representativea of the corresponding
unions and the Trades Unions
The board of the "Petrocom-
miina," which manages the distribution of foodstuffs to the population and to tha public eating houses
ia elected at conferences of the
shop committees, which serve units
of the trade unions, under the general guidance of the Trade Unions
Council. The Controlling Council
of the "Petrocommuna" ls organized ln a similar manner. In the
workers' and peasants' Inspection
the trade unions possess the majority. In the same way tha trade unions ara represented by a great
number of delegated members in
every department of the Soviet of
Workers' and Red Army Deputies.
Considering the above facts, can
tt be justly said that the trade unions do not exist with us and that
the soviet power suppresses th* labor mpvemenf?
Form the Backbone
The truth la that ln Petrograd,
aa everywhere in Soviet Russia, the
trade uniona form the backbone of
the- soviet regime, the foundation
of the proletarian dtstatorshlp. And
this very fact gives the Russian
trade unions the possibility to develop their work ln a degree that
the strongest labor organizations In
the world cannot even dream of.
While protecting Petrograd
against the numerous attacks, the
trades unions not only supplied th%
needs of the Red Army through
thoir committee for the support of
the Red A»my, which organized
the mobilization of that trade union membera, but they also helped
the soviet power In every respect
tn keeping things going in the be-
seiged city. They sent large detachments, consisting of thousands of
members, into tho agricultural provinces In order to obtain foodstuffs, They Invoiced various properties and the contents of warehouses and assisted the workmen
iu securing decent lodgings In bourgeois  houses;   they  have  aconmo-
llshed a great work In standardizing wages, organizing the workera
In industrial unions, regulating and
Increasing tho productiveness of labor, introducing labor discipline TH
the factories and works, and settling disputes frequently unavoidable
under such difficult conditions.
It is with a feeling of deep aatls-
faction that we can claim that even
in the most critical days of attack,
wften the British ships were sinking our vessels, when, they bombarded "Krasnaya Gorka," when
British airmen' threw bombs on
Kroustadt killing women and ohlldren—that even then the creative
work of the trade unions did not
cease. The Petrograd worker has
learned to build his new life amtdst
the roar of cannon and the hajl of
z     Britain's Political Crisis
The workers of Petrograd are
well aware that' Britain is now
passing' through an economic and
political crisis. They are closely
watching the events in India, Egypt
Ireland and In England.Itself. They
also know that considerable numbers of the British Working class
have already broken with the old
trade unionism that they do not
merely sympathize" with the soviet
power ln Russia, but also, flght for
proletarian dictatorship in their
own country. The Petrograd workers ■ will, never forget how the revolutionary toilers of Britain, fighting against the Imperialists Lloyd
George 'and Churchill, supported
them ln the hard days of the siege.
Full of gratitude for the splendid
aid received, the Petrograd work-
era send their hearty, brotherly
greetinga to all the comrades who
suffer in . British prisons because
they have broken with imperialism
and followed tn the way of the
Russian k proletariat, lining up on
the same side of the barricade.
In welcoming the British guests,
I wish to say in the name of all the
mep and women workera of Red
Petrograd associated in our trade
uniona, that I am deeply convinced
that the visit of our British comrades la a promising symbol of tke
great moral upheaval in that country. I am certain that the time la
not far when we. shall gather under the banner of the Third International, riot bnly ln order to get
acquainted with each other, but also in order to enter together upon
the last decisive flght against world
imperialism, *-*
Dance Tonight.
Don't forget th* danco and whiat
drive tonight (Friday) ln the Dominion HaU under the auspices of
tlie Women'a Auxiliary of Uie O.
B. V. Whist 8 to 10, dancing from
0 to 1. Admission, gents, 50 centa;
ladles, 315 cents.
Scr'anton, Pa., Sept 13.—Every
coal digger In the anthracite dlatrlct wtll be on vacation by tonight,
according to Indications hore thla
morning* This movo followa tha
refusal of President Wilson to order the anthracite wag* commission to reconsider lta award of 17
per' cent. Increase,
Where la your Union button?
Phonua: Bey. 4133, Fnir. 1807T     '
Established   1919
Rapid Method Music Studio
31U Ponder St. W., Oor. Homtr-Pendu
Principal,  OSOAB  MORFET
Export Teachers and Trainers
$2.00 Expert
Piano Tuning
Repairs and Adjusting Work
Soy. 4133 Fair. 1S07V
X-RAYS Locate Ilk
•» tk.
Vancouver X-Ray
tyacher of Druileu Healing
For ths treatment ef non-contarloni
ohronio Ailments by Natural Methodi.
The   clinic  ia   supported   by  Voluntary
Office honn:   10-12, and by appointment.
Phone Sey. 1977
10 Hastings St. E.
Patronise Those Who Patronise Tout
Make Your Old Suit
Look Like New—Cut
Your Tailor Bill in Two
We Clean, Press, Bepalr'
Prompt Work—Right Prlo.s
Second-hand Olothes Bonght
.and Sold
RAY, Cleaner
. Seymour toot
See the Famous
Style Showing
You will have presented before you, between
acta, what ia correct for Fall and Winter wear.
Originally displayed by talented fashion au-.
thorltlea—including .Mlae Edythe Elliot, Mlaa
-Marguerite Marriott and Mies Fletcher. *
Thay are genuine '-From Maker to Wearer" garments, and exactly what you get when you pay our low; domestic pricea
Near Granville
Sioux City, la.—The right to
picket peacefully haa been reatortd
to the atriklng plumbers of thla
city by a dissolution of an injunction obtained in June by the Master Plumbers, Judge W. A. Sears,
after taking testlmoney tor two
weeks when the plumbers brought
the matter into court, "ruled that
the master plumbers were within
their rlghta. ln ' maintaining alt
"open Bhop" and that the plumbers
were violating no law In attempting to enforce a "closed ahop"
Dining Room and
Lunch Counter
first Class In Every Way
Near Labor Temple
J. M. TVenholm, for year, known
here nt one of the belt chefs
In the provinoe, haa assumed
management ot the dining room
and bar lunch counter of
The Canada Hotel
Merchants' Lunch, SSe
Regular Meals       Short Orden
Prices to
Readers of
the Fed.
Brown Sugar, 2 lbs. for....SSo
Pacino Milk, a tin ...10o
On Saturday, one dosaen the
Salmon, Pink, i for. alio
Tails, 1-lb. tin, each SSo
Baking Powder, a can 300
Tomato and Vegetable Soups,
2 for 3Sc
Libby's Potted Meats,
8 'for 25o
Sardines, In oil, I tor. aso
Fineat Ontario Cheese, properly ripened, lb 37c
Rolled Oats, 6-lb sacks.....17c
Toilet Paper, 3 for 25o
To any  one bringing this
list, an extra roll,
The Home of Quality
Seymour last
Buy your winter atore of applet \
direot from the grower.
Northern Spy, wr»pp«d, Na. 1..
No. 3 wrapped  —._
Warner's, No. I, wrapped..,
(Box, 40 lbs.)
Unwrapped Applet f.fck 8uun<
Ordar early: uih wiU ordan.   Of ;
der will ba shipped ia rotation sa r*. .
Elberta Peaches —....
(Box, 20 Bi.)
Box 183 Summerlaai, B. Ol j
Phon. Seymou TM.
nirl IIsm,   Weild  BiUdlag,  7s» j
eoQver, B. 0.
Guaranteed Coal
-  Means—
If our cool is not satisfactory to you, after you
havo thoroughly tried it
out, wo will remove what
ooal is left and charge you
1 nothing for what you have
Tou to be tbe sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 ut 465
Greatest Stock ol
in Greater Vancouver
in every detail
4i HMttif. atawt wen
anl Kon-»lcohoUo wUm of an
Use Royal Crown Soapj
{[and Savo the Coupone]
Thla season we are batter prepared than ever to take eare
of football playera.
High-grade Engliah Jerseya In many#colora and dealgna.
A splendid atock to chooae from,
Ba sure to see the new Improved McGregor Boot. Thla
boot Is a winner. All sizea ln stock.
From the best English makors, including ths genuino McGregor, the finest ball mado.
After i
\\_ Of THE 0. B. V.
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News-
Camp Reports
'okanagan sawmills.
damp t.
The men In oamp have submitted
to the company the following requirements:
That single bunks of one tier bs
installed In the new oamps and not
more than 10 men be housed ln
eaoh bunkhouse
The company to-provide a suitable oonveyanee for transporting
Injured men as quickly as possible
to a point where medical aid can be
That a complete flrst aid kit be
Installed with a man In charge
qualified to render flrst aid.
, The oompany to have a rogular
pay day ance a month Payment
to be made ln cash.
Is the Masset Timber Company
responsible for the booze Joint that
Is now operating full blast at Buckley Bay?
What Is the R.C.M.P. and the
Provlnolal Police doing.about It
Or la their only business to wait
until some suoker of a logger, or
other worker— O. B. U. preferred-
s put himself within the reach
•( tha law, and then they, as protectors of the law and morality of
this land of liberty and fake prohibition, at once perform the function for whloh they are Intended,
In our young daya we were
taught "oursed la he by whom the
offense cometh" and judging by
the situation aa we- flnd It today
the offense ls "to organize" and
til* logger having done this too successfully from the bosses standpoint must be'"cursed" with blind
pigs, gambling Joints and other uplift movements in which the soul of
the bosses dellghteth and their
pockets proflteth;
From all accounts the men are
tailing for the bait and consequently there Is great satisfaction
amongst those who said "the loggers are getting too obstreperous,
they 'need soma one to take thalr
money and tame them."
How about union and sanitary
conditions ln the Buokley Bay
camps since the booze joint started.
Will the following members
please communicate wtth Coast
Dlstriot Headquarters, or any one
knowing their present address,
please send the Information:
H. Chalender,Wm. Brennan, Jno.
D. Marr, P. A. Vlgner.
R. Sangstrom, who has claim
claim against International Post et
Pole Oo.
H. Cameron, previously worked
fcr bolt camp of Grant A. McDonald.
Will O. McCattree write to E.
Henderson at 11 Cordova street
Wast, Vancouver, as soon as pos-
Fritz William Schupple, laal
heard of In Prince Rupert district
laat November.
Frank Assiln, last heard of at
Fare's oamp, Vaveny; Karl F. McKlnen, N. Dudakoakl, E. Dew, A.
Vesenlkir,   o.   Whitelaw,   Donald
Forsyth, o. B. U. No. not;	
Tomkln, N. Koski, F. R. Solloway,
Jim Kinney.
Nels Sutterland, aged <l, haa a
oompensatlonxilalm, No. 52,215.
Eastern members are warned
not to pay duea or fees to H. C.
William Romlk communicate
with ofllce—document has been
Wm. Gllroy, claim No. 84905,
previously worked for Ross- Saskatoon Co.
Wanted to trace brother of M. 8.
Baron, who was last heard of working In camps of Washington, four
years ago. Fellow workers {puth of
line please-give this information, If
Oamp 0
At a meeting held ln camp, the
members went on record as against
the districts of the L. W. I. U. affiliating direct with the general executive of the O. B, U., and Instructed that this resolution should be
published In The Federatlonist.
Will J. Augustes write to L. Martin, Manitoba Hotel, Vanoouver, B.
Contribution from Hemmlngton's
•amp, Cowichan Lake, amounting
to $16,10 for the Winnipeg dependents' fund.
Oenersl Heidqaettere:
Vancouver, B. 0.; B. Winch, tt Cordon Street Weil
Oraatrook, B. 0.; J. H. Tbonpion,
Box 11.
Cranbrook    Dlitrlet—Legs]    ad*
vleor:   Oeorge SpreulL
Ksialoopi, B. O.i 3. t. Petersen, Bos
IU, 0 Victoria Street.
Menu, B. a; W. 8. Kimer, Box t.
Belioo.  B. 0.;  B. Barrow,  Doners!
Meetings ere held In the O. B. U.
Hell, Biker Street, Nelson, on the
flrst snd third  Sunder of eseh
month st 8 p.m.
Penticton, B. o.i T.
r. o. Box 2to.
Prlnee Oeorge, B. O.
Drawer 20.
W. Wrlglitson,
; 0. F. Morrison,
Priaco Eupert, B. O.i J. H. Burroogh,
Box 893,
Vancouver, B. 0.; J. If, Clarke
Oordon Street Weit.
alt Johnson itreet,
■duonton   Alta.;  0. Bert,  10333—
lOlit (.trait Bart. '
*»•   Pat.   Manitoba—J.   R.   uith,
Oenenl DeUwrj.
w£mlp!tK%"*( loMAtrworkm* Ua.
lon, in Hoary Annuo.
U_l   a/**1*-11       MeMarrar.
Whetldon,   VoHnrrar   *   Lamont. -
Caebram, Oat; B, Orudill  Oiniral
Fort Francli, Ont.; 8, 0. Nell   Box
8Q0, Wabeior Ball. ^
Sadbarj. Oal; B. Outrun. Box 1531,
Liigar Strut.
Hontnil} V. Blnitto, 31 at. Unroot
' Minutes of regular propaganda
meeting held at Headquartera,
Sunday, Auguat 22nd, 1920, at 2
Fellow-worker John Clark elected chairman.
Mlnutea of previous meeting read
and approved.
Organizer Alexander reported
that a good meeting had been
held at Port Moody at which aome
new membera had algned up; A
new leaflet had been got out for
tha mlllworkera, and that from
the organlaed mlllworkera' point
of view, the altuatlon wm looking
muoh batter.   Report raealved.
The general aeoretary reported
that organlaer Alexander and himself had attended the "funeral of
Fellow-worker McPherson, whb
had been accidentally killed recently at McCarter & Houaley'a
camp, Carrlden Bay, and abated
that the deceased Fellow-worker
had been very active aa a camp
delegate and member of the Union
ever aince the organisation atarted
and had represented the membera
at every convention that had been
held aince the organisation formed.
Moved:—"That the meeting go
on record aa expressing thalr sympathy with the family of Fellow-
worker McPherson; and alao expressing their appreciation of the
good work he had done for the
welfare of his fellow workera ln
the Industry."   Carried.
Flnanclal report given in detail
Balance on hand
August  6th   |1,679.3«
Receipts  ....... 8,202.48
$2,50 PER YEAR
Expenditures  2,789.34
Leaving a balance
on hand, Aug. 19th 12,142.46
Report received and referred to
Secretary reported—That a
committee of Teamatera had informed him that the Central Motor Tranafer Co. had established
a atorage room for baggage on the'
Union Steamship Co.'s dock, and
that a company policeman had
been put at the gate who prevented any other tranafer wagons or
teamsters looking for. trade from
coming on the dock. The Japanese had held a meeting and decided not to patronize the U. 8.
S. Co., except in each caeca aa
they had to.'
Moved:—"That a statement of
the case be published ln The Federatlonist and that the men on
the job be recommended to give
their business to men with an O.
B. U. card, whloh none of the employeea of the Motor Transfer Co.
carry."     Carried.
The question came up for discussion aa to the advisability of
the O. B. U. having an Interchange
bf cards with all organizations that
advocated the abolition of capitalism. The majority of those taking
part ln the dlacuaalon were oppoaed to- the O. B. U. making any
Moved:—"That a committee be
elected to bring up at leaat one
subject for discussion at each propaganda meeting,"   Carried.
Moved :—"That the District Executive and membera on the job
be aaked to aend ln auggestfons of
aubjecta to be discussed at the
propaganda   meeting."    Carried.
Mc ved:—"That the secretary advertise extenaively the date of the
meeting at whloh Fellow-worker
Kavauaugh would report on hla
ml is ton to the Old Country." Car
Nominees for the Propaganda
Committee were ciuled for. Fellow-wcikera John Clark, J. Holllday, L. Iveaon, and J. M. Clarice
were elected, with power to add
to their number.
Moved!—"That the efficiency of
The B. C. Federatlonist aa a propaganda aheet for the workers to
be discussed at the next meeting.
Meeting adjourned at 4 p.m.
The undersigned has juat com-
plated a trip over the C. N. R,
branch line between Kelowna and
Vernon, B. C, which 1s now under
conatructlon. Tho excavation work
ta practically finished. There are
four or Ave campa between the
above two towns where men are
atlll working.
The camp conditions, such
bunk-houaes, etc., are In a filthy
atate. An idea of the atate of the
campa may be obtained by consulting some back numbers of the
"Fed" and turning to tho column
headed "Camp Reports." The none
too elegant, but very expressive
language used in these descriptions
of "hay wire" outfits would con
vey a more or less correct Idea of
the kind of sleeping quarters the
Rankin Contracting Company supply their men with. In one respect
at least, the human and brute
slaves are on an equal plane. They
both have an armful of rotten hay
for a bed. No attempt has ever
been made to Introduce water to
the floor of the bunkhouses.
Rubbish such aa discarded wearing apparel waa thrown under the
bunks and left there.
There was no evidence to ahow
that anyone looked after the bunk
When organization waa mentioned, with few exceptions, the
workers agreed that it was a good
thing The great drawback, however, is that most of the work ls
being done by "station men" and
piece workers. There are alao quite
a tew stump ranchers employed.
It appears to follow, that whenever
these two elements, piece workers
and stump workers, are found, the
worst possible camp conditions are
also found. Piece workers not only
lower their own standard of living,
but are doing their utmost to drag
the men who are working at day's
wagea down to thetr level. Some
of these contractors are "union"
men," that ts, they are carrying
cards. 'In the opinion of the undersigned they do far more harm
to an organisation than good.
Tours for Industrial Freedom,
To the Rank and File of tha Lumbar * Camp Workers of tha 6.
B. U. of the Coast District:
Fellow Workers—In answer to
Fellow Worker Cowan, "la thla the
aame Inward?" I am very pleased
to atate that It la the same Inward,
and nobody knows it better than
W. Cowan. I mustr congratulate
Cowan for having spelt my name
correctly. As a rule, most persona
apell my name In wood, and of
courae, I have to go to the trouble
to explain that my nam* la Inward,
becauae I have enough wood about
me without my namo being In-
wood. By knowing that, he has
certainly saved me a lot of trouble,
going through that performance. It
Is the same Inward of the Laborers, Riggers tk Fasteners of Victoria, B. C. The aame Inward did
not wiro to the president. I did
wire to the aecretary-treaaurer of
the Pacific coast district pertaining
to the O. B, U. men being refused
Jobs ao that the weak-kneed ones
could return. What I would like
Cowan to explain to me, If that la
the caae, how did lt come about
that the aame Inward, one of the
weak-kneed ones that waa not ln
the O. B. U., went to work at Og-
den Point, worked one day, then
waa fired. If I am the mental pro
atltute you would have the fellow
workers of thla union believe I am,
Conaldering the prime movera In
this so-called O. B. U. movement
worked at Ogden Point till the laat
boat waa fitted out for the Foundation Company, I would like you to
explain to me how your statement
colncidea with that, lf you are stating tba facts, which I can prove
you are not. It tls evident to me
you know absolutely nothing about
tha caae at all. It la plain for any
other person that la acquainted
with the facta of the subject under
diacusslon, that you know abaolutely nothing about thla subject. • I.
for one, can plainly see that you
have jumped into this subject to
camouflage the real issue. He
states that I went to an official of
the Foundation Company; which I
did. The official that I interviewed
was Mr. Godson, labor agent
said company, the same official that
I saw at the time I Inquired for
work at the Foundation Company.
At that time he told me to go up.to
the Labor Hall and get a ticket before I could get a job. I maintain
I was Justified by virtue of the fact
when I went up to the Labor HaU,
what did I flnd? I found out that
the secretary-treasurer of the Laborers, Fasteners ft Riggers had
aent down ten men to the offlce of
the Foundation Company with O.
B, U. tickets, and the said company
would not recognize them. I might
add not one of those he sent down
were O. B. U. men, neither did any
one at that time belong to the said
local; The three paid officials ait-
ting around could not do business
because the Foundation Company
would not recognize them, also the
business agent for the carpenters
waa sending laborera and fast-diicra
down to wo'.k, and one of the paid
officials told mo he waa nearly worried to death. I submit tb any fair-
minded pe»oi what else could I do
under the circumstances. Here we
have it In a uutahell. The three
I aid officials of the Laborers, Rig-
gera ft FastHiiui', who after vot.ng
to go over to ibe O. B. U„ could
rot handle tin bualneaa of thc said
heal. Not till then did I ijo tU-trn
tti interview Mr. Godson. A'li.it I
told him waa that I would wire to
Seattle to get the secretary- ti-aas-
urer of the Pnt'flc coaat district to
come over*to Victoria to straighten
up the affairs of the local. At the
time I was interviewing Mr. Godson on behalf of the local, several
fellow workers were ln the ofllce.
Personally, ; do not think that any
one who la acquainted with me
would accuse me of being a "Whispering Steve." What Is past my
comprehension ls that when the
fellow workers that the secretary-
treasurer of the Laborers, Riggers
& Fasteners sent were refused
work, why did not the 0. B. U. men
quit work? My conception of the
O. B. U. movement is solidarity. It
Is the same Inward that went on
the rostrum of the Princess theatre, Yates street, Victoria, B. C, at
a special meeting of the said local,
advocating to send twelve members
to the then coming convention, to
be held at Calgary, Alberta. The
aame Inward that went on the rostrum at the Pantages theatre, Victoria, B. C, at which J. Kavanagh
and J. Taylor were speaking on behalf of the 0. B. U. movement, for
the purpose of showing Mr. A.
Watchman, Labor adjuster for the
Foundation Company, that was opposing the O. B. U. movement, he
was In the O. B. U. in the year of
1916 in the city of Victoria. I proved to him by virtue of the fact.
Over on the Hon. W. J. Bowser's
strawberry patch, namely the Songhees reserve, more commonly
known as the Rock Pile, that down
worshipping at the shrine were real
estate agents .carpenters, ex-parsons, doll's eye weavers, etc., and
last, but not least, the pick and
shovel artist. The most amusing
part of the whole proceedings was
that tjie fellow workers who rightly
belong to said profeaalon, namely
the pick and shovel artist, had the
hardest job to get a Job at their
profession. The same Inward that
was on the atrlke committee representing the Laborers, Riggers ft
Fasteners, that spoke at the meetings held on the baseball grounds,
Victoria, B. C, at the time of the
sympathetic strike, at which a certain clique tried to muzzle me. The
same Inward that marched over to
the Parliament buildings in Victoria, B. C, ln the year 1114, and
spoke on behalf of the- unemployed
when the Hon. W. J. Bowser told
us to beat lt. Cowan* atates that I
drew up a petition for ten members
to algn ao that the men oould be
hired by Bualneaa Agent P. O'Hara.
I would like to point out to Cowan
lf that la a fact, how did it come
about that when P. O'Hara waa
elaotad to offlce a communication
was road at said meeting from me,
with my name attached, strongly
objecting to P. O'Hara being put
back Into offlce? The queatlon
arisei, who put htm ln office?. One
answer and one only—tha majority
of the same men that voted to go
over to the 0. B, U,
In passing, I would Ilka to point
out to the fellow workera of the
local, of the 0. B. U. of Victoria, B.
C, that I an not the aggreaaor.
Thia hoe been forced on me, much
as I hate washing dirty linen.
A vote was taken by all locals
afflliated with the Metal Trades
Council at Victoria, B. C. Some of
the locals voted for the O. B. U.,
among that number was the Laborers, Riggers ft Fasteners. At the
meeting! when the vote was taken,
the aame Inward spoke for one-
half hour .telling the fellow workers the advantages of Industrial
Unionism. Time went on, being
one of the delegates representing
the said local on the Metal Tradea
Council, I aaked different delegatea
from other locals what they were
going to do pertaining to going
over as a body to the O. B. U. I
could get no data, ln aptte of the
fact that certain individuals would?
get up In the meetings of tha Laborers, Riggers ft Fasteners and
make statements to the effect that
certain crafts had voted as a whole
to go over to the O. B. u„ which
waa false. I might state that right
up to the present time, they have
done so in a body. At the time the
said vote was taken, If my memory
serves me torrectly, there were
2400 in good standing ln the local.
Certain individuals waited till 1J>:30
p.m. at a regular business meeting
of the Laborers, Riggers ft Fasteners and moved a motion to this effect. "That the Laborers, Riggers
ft Fasteners go over in a body to-
the O. B. U." I pointed out at the
time, what is the use when the
crafts will not move, holding up
the laborers to ridicule. I also
pointed out that it was an act of a
lunatic, considering that the International had a cast-iron agreement
with the Foundation Company, also
that.we, the Laborers, Riggers
Fasteners, were outlaw as far as
the American Federation of Labor
was concerned. By virtue of the
fact that at a convention held by
the American Federation of Labor,
at Minneapolis, they voted to this
effect: "The riggers belonged to the
Structural Iron Workers, the Fast'
eners to the Carpenters, and the so
called lower morass of society, the
Laborers to the Hod Carriers." I
moved an amendment to the motion, which waa to the effect, considering that there were about 46
preaent at that hour of the night.
Amendment, I moved that we call
a special meeting to be held on tha
following Sunday, and the same to
be duly advertised, so that the rank
and file would have-a chance to
vote, wlhch amendment was voted
down. I told them that if it carried at the special meeting, I was
with them. I might state that the
three paid officials, which Included
P. O'Hara, voted to go over. After
they had voted to go over, several
fellow workers asked me about the
money the president of the Laborers, Riggers & Fasteners, had for
safekeeping. Being a trustee at
that time, I approached the said of-
clal about same, ,He asked me to
wire Mr. O'Connor, International
officer of the Longshoremen's
Union. I told hini I would wire to
the secretary-treasurer of the
Coast district at Seattle, which I
did. He told me he would not hand
it over to that bunchy To make my-
lelf plain, I sent three wires to Seattle at different periods. To cut a
long story short, he left the country
with $2000 of the Laborers, Riggers
ft Fasteners local funds. I can assure W. Cowan that the same Inward did not want him to leave the
country. I maintained and still
maintain that what was pulled off
at that time was to hold the O. B.
U. movement up to contempt. He
states that I did not join up ln Victoria. I joined on the job, the proper place for a wage earner to join.
I might ask where would he have
me join? If W. Cowan is so interested about the same Inward, for
his benefit I might state that the
same Inward has packed his home
on his back in the States of Nevada, California, Oregon and Washington, also In British Columbia,
the last great west of the British
Empire. The same Inward has
atated many times In public that he
does not belong to any fraternal Bociety. It is the same name as that
of the woman that bore me, which
I am not ashamed of. I also trust
and hope that I will go to my last
long sleep with It, seeing I am one
of the weak-kneed variety. My
proposition to you, Fellow Worker
Cowan, la that I will go to Victoria,
B. Ci, which I for one consider fair,
becauae what you charge me with
took place In Victoria, B. C.
The officials of the late Laborers,
Riggers ft Fasteners reside there.
I will pay half the expense of hiring a theatre, also pay for advertising said meeting. The said meeting to be held under the auspices
of the O. B. U. local of Victoria,
the proceedings of aame to be pub-
- liahed In the B. C. FederationiBt. I
take the atand that lf I am guilty
of the charges you state, I am not a
flt person to be ln this union, also
lf. I am the lunatic that certain individuals, membera of the Lumber
ft Camp Workers Industrial Union,
claim I-am, then the sooner I am
put under lock and key the better
it will be for myself and the community at large, and lf W. Cowan
has a spark of manhood left ln him
he will accede to my request. All
I ask is a fair hearing for W. Cowan and myself. Trusting to have
an early reply. Youn fraternally,
Workmen's Compensation
Induatrlal or Geographical
What la at tha bottom of tho
present attack on Our Industrial organisation by theae
Tarn Geographera? Ia lt
other attempt to smash the L, ft
C. W. I. U., or. aa It is now, the
L. C. ft Agricultural Workera'
Dept. of the O. B. -U., or ia tt
alnce're attempt on the part of
aome who think Vancouver the
Hub of the Universe, and cannot
rise superior to provincial Ideas
when the times call for men of
Dominion and World vision?
It Is all very well to aay the
workera In a given area have more
ln common wtth each other than
they have with aome other workera
In another area may be milea away,
but the real queatlon ia which form
of organization will be the moat
effective in getting tho workers together and aecurlng the condltlona
they need and dealre. When we
study the queatlon from thla standpoint I think lt will be aeen that
the Induatrlal form Ib the only
logical form to follow, but by fol
lowing the Industrial form we need
not lose sight of our Geographical
How are .the capitalists «rgan<
Ized? Do they-organize according
to Industry or according to geographical situation and interests?
modern capitalism (business) knows
no geographical boundaries, provincial or national business chases
the dollar, whether Canadian business can get It In Germany or
Tlmbuctoo, and the same with the
capitalists' of all nations. Capital
Is organized according to industry,
from the manufacturer to the
retailer. Does anyone imagine for
an Instant that the cotton magnates of Manchester give a rap
for the question as to, whether
they manufacture in Lancashire
or India ao long as they make
a qproflt; or Bo the Eiltlsh
builders, care whether the lumber
they use. comes from Canada or
Soviet Russia, if they make a profit'.? I maintain, Fellow-workers,
that the lumber worker of the B.
C.' coast has more in common with
the logger in the East or even Norway and Australia, than he has
with the baker or crossing-sweeper
Ing Vancouver, and that lt would
be a, very great mistake for any
district to withdraw from Central
Industrial Headquartera As others
have already shown, a logger ln
Cranbrook, a railroader ln Princeton,1 or a farm-Worker in Alberta
will go looking for work in his
own particular line ef work, and
not looking for work In a cigar
factory in Vancouver, if he happens
to lose or quit his job at Ocean
Falls, or some other place. Another thing, the problems the logger has to meet and solve are on
the job, and not In some room In
a city, whether It be Vancouver or
Montreal. It Is in the spruce or
cedar, not the armchair, that he
Intakes his living. His bread and
butter Ib made with axe and aaw,
not by talking brother-hood of man
with a street-car conductor.
By advocating Industrial organization, I do not advocate isolation
In separate industries, independent
entirely of each other, nor do I
advocate merely a loose federation
of Industrial unions. Division ls
the last thing we want, either Industrially or geographcally. The
Industrial unions must be an integral part of the One Big Union
of all Labor, both ln the cosmopolitan and local organization. I
suggest that the General Executive
Board of the One Big Union should
be composed of one or more members of the Central Executive
Boards of the various industrial
unions, who shall be those receiving
the highest votes ln their Industrial referenda, but the general secretary treasurers of the industrial
unions shall be debarred from the
G. E. B. of the O. B. U. as they
should have enough to do In their
own unions. In the districts, dlatrlct executive boards should be
composed of one member of each
Industrial district executive committee elected ln the same manner, also debarring district secretaries of industrial unions from the
same for the same reason.
By such an organization all Industries would be ln direct touch
with each other, both in the local
and general organization. A common system of bookkeeping, receipts, cards, etc., should be
adopted, and If the L. C. ft A. W.
Dept.'fi system is the best (and lt
Is both simple and good) let that
be adopted, or any other that will
give satisfaction with the least expense In running It. While advocating industrial organzaton I
would not favor Its being abaolutely strict Industrial organization. We must build according to
our material. It may not be quite
scientific to call the L. C. ft A. W.
Dept, an Industrial organization,
but experience shows that the ml-
gH'ory Workers must organize the
migratory workers, and time will
decide how long lt will be necessary to retain and follow the present  lines of   organization,    For-
11 ^COMPARISONS ara odious,"
I aaya the old adage, but only
^"* by such means can an estimate of the subject under consideration be'arrived at, and even
then the final conclusion depends
upon the view point of the individual, or the subject with which
lt is compared. ■
To the worker the standard of
teat muat be 100 per cent benefit;
that ia compensation which as
near as humanly possible will give
equal value for that lost.
To the employer the standard is,
of course, that which oosts htm
least as an Individual.  '
To the politician In offce tt is
that which will flrst absolutely
safeguard the vested lntereata of
the employers and (lnanclera who
control all governments, and at the
aame time will aaiat the existing
political group to retain legislative
offlce, and its perquisites, by fool-
ng a sufficient number of working
class voters into giving their support at the polls, ln the belief that
their needs and demands* are assured of more favorable consideration by the party then in control
than would be tha case if the opposition bloc were elected.
For the purpose of this comparison we take only thoae provisions
which have been embodied into
compensation acts elsewhere, and
omitted, or Included on a more
limited scale, In the B. C, act.
Naturally the workers claim that
the best points of other acts should
be embodied into the provincial
law, and it would be logical to expect thus ln view of the claim that
the B. C. act Is the moat advanced
compensation act in the world,
which ft undoubtedly ia—with the
possible axceptlon of Russia—if
wnsldaratlon la given to all its pro
visions, for whereas other acts
may, in certain features, appear
more liberal, this may actually be
more apparent than real when all
things are taken into consideration.
For Instance, the 66 and two-thirds
per cent, of wages allowed aa compensation in Massachusetts, New
York and* Ohio, or the 76 per cent,
in Porto Rico, is not actually aa
good aa appears on the surface
when* consideration la given to the
fact that the maximum amount allowed per week, or the maximum
period for which compensation la
paid, Is very considerably less than
tn the British Columbia Act.
In one respect It Is impossible to
arrive at an actual comparison, owing to the fact that although the
wages or compensation paid may be
expressed in terms of dollars, yet
.to really arrive at a proper understanding of what this means, it
would be necessary to know the
purchasing power of the dollar In
each given locality as compared
with British Columbia, For instance, the maximum weekly compensation In Porto Rico la $7. But
what is tho purchasing power of
the dollar in that place? It may,
or may not, be equal to $20 here.
The Britiah Columbia act ls limited tn its acope, excluding travelling aalesmen, offlce or clerical
workers, casual workers not engaged In the employers business or
trade, outworkers or members of
the employer's family—these, however, may be brought within the
act by request of the employer and
employees, .Farm laborers or domestic servants are specifically excluded. Consequently ln British Columbia, not more than 66 per cent,
of workera are compulaorily protected.
In New Jersey, 99.8 per cent, are
insured (only casual workers being
excluded), and in Hawaii 92.6 par
cent. Both of these including agricultural workers. New Jersey also
includes domestic servants. All
United States government civil em
ployees are protected, irrespective
of occupation. Ontario is the same
as British Columbia. Great Britain
Includes any and every employment Denmark doea the samo, Including domestic servants. The majority of countries Include agricultural workers. New Zealand and
Queensland Include domestic servants.
Why British Columbia or any
other legislature should discriminate between one set of citizens and
others passes comprehension, unless It be that the pressure of a certain section of employers Ib sufficient to prevent the full provision of
an obvious necessity. Yet New
Jersey and others to a slightly lesser degree, have been able to overcome both pressure and discrimination British Columbia imposes
upon the Injured worker a complete Iosb of three daya waiting
New Brunswick and Nova Scotia
pay from time of accident, lf disability lasts over 7 days, Alburta
tf It lasts over 10. In Washington
If it lasts over 1% days. But Oregon and Porto Rico com pen sat Ion
starts Immediately after the accident.
If a person is entitled to compensation for an uccident, why
should lt not start from the time
of tbe accident? For lf a person
whose Injury lays them off for 3, 7
or 10 days Is ontitted to be paid
from the time of Injury, why la not
one whose injury laats for 1, 6 or P
days equally entitled to bonefit?
What la the difference between the
flrst day or any other?
British   Columbia   paya   66   per
ward then, out of the darkness of
the present Into tho full light of
day through courage and sacrifice.
E.  R.  FAY,
Duel     --..
Statamtot for July. 1920
Delegatea'  remittances  „ $255.00
Leu commission and expense!        9.66
...| 114.00
Collection for Taylorton mlnen	
Collection for Winnipeg defense fond	
O. B. U. buttons, folders and literature...
Balance on hind Jul/ SO «
Kent and light .
Office supplies and postage
Delegates to expenses to Oeneral Oonvention.
Remitted for Taylorton mlnen 	
Remitted for Winnipeg defenie fund .
Chequa returned marked N. g, f, —
Sundry expense! ,	
Remitted  to  headquarters
Balance oa band July 91.
Statement for July. 1020
Daw  „.„ | 868.00
Fees     -        1,00
Dlegates'   remittance!    ......1707.15
Lens  commission and expenses  »..   40.40
. '666.75
Winnipeg defense fund  „.._.        2.00
District fund     - „      17.66
O. B. U. buttons and literature  „      18.85
Balanco on hand June 30  „..„ 1602.11
Wsges (office and Janitor) _„.
Light aad telephone     ,,m„,
Offlee luppllei and postage ...
Expenses delegate!1 meeting .,„■,—-,„	
Delegate!' expeniH ta Oeneral Convention
Sundry expenses    ■ 	
Remitted ta Headqurtm
BaUaee aa head July 11
.-I 199.00
._      19.76
._.   105.90
...      14.70
- 169.70
- 40.94
- 1094.00
...   956.92
Statement for July. 1920
Delegates' remittance	
Leu commission and expenies .
Collection for defense fund .
...    65.01
. 1292.00
Collection for Taylorton fund   .*«_♦«
Rent paid    „,_„ HW „_,..,
O. B. V, bittoai, folders and literature"™""
Advance  from Headquarten
Biltnee ea htnd Jiii, 10    US.US
0«e» nnllH u< posts,.
Org.olB.tion      „
Expanses re D. B. B. MMtlnf .
DeUffttes'   oinsnies  1, Oenersl  Con.entlon....
Health! lo Wlnnlpe, i.l.is. had -...,	
idry expanses   	
Bateau ea bond
3.1, 11 .
... 1380.00
..      11.28
...     46.01
-      18.66
cent of waiea with a mlximum
baala of (2001) a ytar. Ontario <•
2-3 per cent.
Wisconsin 86 per cent, with no
maximum, except as to a period of
820 weeks ln case of death or partial disability, and 480 weeks in
permanent total,disability. Massachusetts, New fork and Ohio, 68
and 2-3 per cent.
For death, British Columbia pays
a widow M6 a month, and each
child, 17.60. The children's allowance to cease at the age of 16, except In case of mental or physical
defect preventing earning a living.
Many states make a lump sum
payment, others spread the benefits
over a term ranging from the full
life of widow, or until re-marriage,
down to a limited number of weeks
(about five years,) Porto Rico provides a lump sum payment of
tlEOO, plus 76 per cent, of wagea
for 208 Weeks. New Tork pays for
ohlldren until 11 years of age.
Whilst not itrlctly within the
category of Workmen's Compensation Acts, yet for purposes ot comparison, It Is Quito Justifiable to
note here that widows and dependents of soldiers killed In the war,
will, after October 1, be In receipt
of |60 a month for a widow, and
120 for One child, or Juat over |91
a month for a widow and 3 children, the allowance for children to
be continued until the boys are 16
an dthe girls 17 yeara old.
British Columbia funeral' allowanoe Is 176, as againat 1100 in Alberta, Manitoba and New Brunswick.
(Note—The next article will deal
with some suggested Inprovementa
to the British Columbia and other
Provincial acts.)
The present writing is an appeal to the agricultural classes to
realise their true position In society, and to ally themselves with
militant working clasa the world
over with a view to their emancipation from the miserable conditions so many of them nnd themselveB in. Thia can only be accomplished by the elimination ot the
classes wbo prey upon their labor,
and the inauguration of a system
of prodcutlon for use Instead of
To this end the co-operation of
tha agriculturist Is vitally Important by virtue ot hla position as
the producer of the necessarlea of
There are, generally apeaklng,
four classea of agricultural work-
era. There Is the well-to-do farmer, who owns hts own land, free of
mortgage, his machinery and cattle
and who hires laborers. There Is
the small farmer whose land la
mortgaged, who owes for hla machinery and buildings and who, tn
order to make both ends meet, haa
generally to work out part of his
time. There is the agricultural laborer who worka for the first-mentioned party and who la continuously employed. Then there la the
casual laborer who Is hired for the
rush periods, harvesting, threshing
and so forth. We may at once dismiss those belonging to the first
claas, who are, In any case, exceptional. TheBe belong, unmistakably
to the capltaliat claas and, what ls
more to the point; enjoy the advantages thereto accruing.
The wealth of the world, being
produced by labor, falls Into four
parts. One portion goes to the
landowner In the.form of rent; on-
other to the capitalist as Interest;
and another, as profit, to thd employer of labor.. The share which
cornea to the laborer is wages.
Now, the well-to-do farmer, under the most favorable circumstances, will enjoy all these thlnga.
Whether he la aware of It or not,
he receives rent by virtue of his
ownership of the land; Intereat on
hla Investment In buildings or machinery; proflt from the labor of
his employees, and wages ao far as
he worka himself.
Thla man, very naturally, Is Immune to such propaganda as this.
Consequently we do not now address him. He la merely mentioned
ln order to draw the contrnat between him and the small farmer
who, while legally In the aame po-
aitlon, Is, in practice, In a vastly
different  one.   The  small   farmer,
by reason of his lack ef capital,
has to produce at, or even undan .
the margin of cultivation. That ay
to aay,-he la a marginal producer,
and as such,'he cannot get rant
for his land which Is, in any eaa*
very likely to be mortgaged, H»
cannot realize Interest; this hu to
go to the people who hold hts notes
for lumber, machinery, etc. Any
proflt he may make is absorbed by
the corporation who co-operated
with him in the production and
sale of his crop.
Remains now wages which ara
generally low. Thla can be- accounted for by the low standard
of living prevailing among the agricultural classes; the lack of opportunities and the, fact that ther
produce some of the bare necessities of Ufe themselves. It does' net
help any that the farmer's wifo
and family vork along with him.
or that they all work from daylight to dark. It Is a commonplace'In economics that the family income will be the aame whether the whole family works or
only one of ita members, and that,
further, wages are generally higher
for short hours than for long.
As a consequence of all this, tbo
farmer and his family work lone
hours, are ill-housed, Ill-fed, Ill-
clothed and Ill-educated, Aa Mane
has It, "Small property ln land
creates a class of barbarians standing halfway outside of society, a
class suffering ail the tortures anl
all the miseries of civilised Countries in addition to the crudeneee
of primitive forms* of society."
As for the hired man and casual
laborer, his conditions of life are
determined by those prevailing
among those for whom he works,
only they are Intensified by his dependence and the insecurity of employment. Hla conditions of labor
are a shade worse than those of
the farmer, and his wages are low
and Invariably grudgingly paid.
Now, tt ia quite possible that the
small farmer may become a well-
to-do one, Just ub It is possible for
any boy to become preaident of the
United States, but - the, conditions
of the whole class of small farmers
cannot bo otherwise while the capitalist system lasts and thla by virtue of the economic laws govern.
Ing that system Itself.
Tor this reason we do not believe
In any of the many reforms (panaceas) offered to the consideration
of the agriculturist and do not present any such.
We do, however, otter to the
farming classes, and all other
workers, an opportunity, to link up
with that body of workers which
by the form of Its organisation and
the understanding, solidarity and
extent of Its membership" tsnds te
enable the working clasa to more
auccesafully resist Its exploitation
by flnanclal and business interests,
and by spreading an underatandlng
of the operattona ot the industrial
system will the true nature.of the
preaent troubles be known and the
measures necessary to be taken to -
prepare for'the day when production for the proflt of the employers
ahall be replaced by production for
the use ot the actual producers.
Any one knowing tl\e present address of Rosco E. Dlmmock, who
formerly worked at Yarco's shingle
bolt camp, please communicate
with Vancouver "headquarters.
Contribution from camp 7, Ocean
Falls, amounting to 1209.26, per
Del. Miller, for the maintenance
Akron, O.—The scourge of unemployment is being laid upon the
industrial population of the Tire
City. The Goodjcar Company haa
laid off 16,000 hands in the past
month; the Goodrich company, 12,-
000; and other tirms have dlaminsed
a proportionate number of their
workers. Altogether, there muat
be about 30,000 recently unemployed. And this in a city of 200,000
population. This huge accession
to the ranks of the unemployed l<
making Itself keenly felt through
the consequent doprosslon in trade.
Seattle, Wash.—One thousand
world war veterans joined In a'
great demonstration here against.
new wars and against any interference by the United Statea In the
nlTiiirs of the Russian people.
These veterans are members of tho
Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion.
Johnson's Camp Jarvis Inlet
Whalen Pulp & Paper Company  Swanson Bay
Firs, Limited, or Rees & Black Whonnock
Metalliferous Mines Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Camp 7 - - Ocean Falls
Prince Rupert Spruce Mills fired boom men for de«
manding union wages.
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp 2 Drury Inlet
Do Your Bit Now!
THEBE are 46 workers, most of whom have families,
looked out at Taylorton, Sask., by the mining company beoause they belong to the 0. B. U. and attended the
meeting whioh Organizer Christopher was to have addressed at Blenfait, when he was run out of the country
by the illegal aet oi a bunch of stools.
The Central Defense Committee haa taken oyer the looking after of legal assistance for these men and Organizer
Funds Are Needed Immediately
These men must be protected and their families must
not be allowed tb starve.
Send funds direot to District Seoretary, 196 Henry
Avenue, Winnipeg, or to James law, Central Defense
Oommlttee. State if for maintenance or legal action. sssfiwnr
twelfth year. no. ss  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAT Jepten,... IT, l»l»:
Published every Friday morning by Tbe B. 0.
Fedorationist, Limited
A. ft WHUJul.
Mee:   Laber Temple,  405 Dunsmuir Btreet
Tolepbone Seymour 9871 .
Bubacribtion Bates: United Statea and Foroign,
13.00 per year; Canada, (2.50 per year, 11.SO
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
body. 18c per member per month.
Baity of Labor: The Hope of tbe World
FBIDAY „ Septomber IT, 1920
PJ3RHAPS NO BODY of men in Vancouver have been greater advocates ot
law and order, than the membera of the
Board of Trade.    During the general
strike, many weqtf the statements by members of that organiza-
a question     (i °n.as **. *■ "J*"1'
Mr» ™ taining of law and or-
mr fcAW ^er aU(j constitutional
AND ORDER methods. In fact, to
hear some of them
talk, one would think that the only law-
abiding and decent citizens were represented by the Board of Trade, and the so-
called Citizens' Committee, many members of the Board of Trade being also
members of the latter organization, which
sprang into being,..so we are told, to maintain law and order in this eity. Of course
there are many laws. Some that apply to
workerSy and others that affect business
men. Amongst those that apply to business men, and do not affect the wage-
workers, are the laws that pertain to taxation. The Provincial and Dominion governments are responsible for carrying on
the. government of the country, and as the
eountry is ruled by the cla^s that is interested in ruling—the employing class—thftt
elass is taxed for the purpose of paying
the cost of government. Naturally one
would eome to the conclusion that those
most interested in the government of the
working or producing class, would pay
the freight without demur. At least,
judging from the many expressions of this
class as to the enforcement of law and order, it could hardly be conceived that any
member of that claas would evade the
laws which make it possible to carry out
the decrees enacted by the governments
which they control.
• * *
Should the allegations of G. R. Hughes,
which are produced in another column of
this issue, be found to be true, then the
situation becomes somewhat complicated.
No one would for a minute conclude that
there would he only one firm that would
attempt to evade the laws pertaining to
taxation, but it would be more generally
conceived that the practice of beating the
game was somewhat largely indulged in
by those that ait tha beneficiaries of the
present order of sooiety, and the government of men by a ruling class, so that one
lection of the people Can be exploited with
impunity. Under these conditions, it
would appear to us that the law and order
crowd, along with the constitutional
methods outfit, should at once see that the
laws that pertain to the paying for the
operation of the government should be eni.
forced before they attempt to dictate to
the workers as to the upholding of law
•nd order. Those that live in glass houses
should not throw stones, and the upholding of law and order rests as much on the
employing olass aa it does on the working
class, and bad examples are only too often
Mowed. Let those that have the most to
say about law and order, see to it that they
do not violate any of the decrees of the
Class to whioh they belong. The members
of the Boajd of Trade, the premier, and
others now have a chance to see whether
law and order has been violated by the
respectable business elements of this Province. We await with interest the results
of the investigations. Will the local press
remain silent on theat
DURING the past week the premier of
this Dominion has had something to
say about labor. In the flrst case he took
exception to certain men who have opposed the government, ene of whom has
been asked to con-
BMALL U ,t the Yale con-
ENVIRONMENT stituency in tho
NARROW VISION coming by-election.
The second occasion was whon he addressed the Trades
Congress convention on Monday. In both
cases he demonstrated that he has, what
might be termed a Portage La Prairie outlook. Any one that has been in that city,
which has a population of about 5,000
souls, will understand just what we mean
by that term. For it is very difficult to
see the railroad tracks from the city, and
ia very isolated and somewhat out of
touch with industrial situations as they
prevail in the larger oentres. While it is
true that great minds have been developed in small centres, yet is it recognized
tbat small surroundings are liable to have
• stultifying effect on the brains of the
average person, and to date no evidences
have been produced to show that the pre-
mier has developed to anything greater
than the environment with which he has
been surrounded. Assuming an almost divine right to rule attitude at Kingston,
the pre»icr seemed somewhat peeved to
think that the workers wtere considering
running a candidate in Yale, and the
press reports him as having said:
In the ranks qf the opponents of
the government," declared Premier
Meighen in his Kingston speech on
tlie tariff issue, "would be found the
William' Ivens and the Thomas Rich-
ardsons' who. misrepresent labor in
the country."
* • *
Before the Congress convention, the
•ame small-bore mental nature of the premier was again demonstrated. Uttering
[platitudes that mean nothing, he demonstrated his inability to see the forces that
•re working, not only in Canada, but
througbc.it the entire world, As usual ha
uttered a veiled threat to those people
who are not in accord with things as they
are, and law and order were again trotW
out as the aims and objects of the gov*
ernment. i If thero were any labor men
present at that gathering who understand
t^e forces that are working in society,
they must have been nauseated by the arrant nonsense the premier gave voice to.
Go slow was hia advice to tha workers
of this country. His plea for tolerance on
the part of the workers towards capital
after the Winnipeg affair, when the right
of collective bargaining was denied the.
workers of that city by capitalistic in-"
terests, and where the government used
direct action against the workers, was the
plea of a small-minded capitalist apologist It demonstrated tha Portage' La
Prairie outlook of the flrst minister of the
crown who has about as much real' ability
to be at the. head of a government in
these times as a child, in the. kindergarten
class would have, in solving the problems
of the high cost of living.
* «• *
While the premier may not realize it,
the. abuse of men,, like Ivens, Richardson
and others, who at least see the need for
some changes in the system under which
we live, will get neither him or his government anywhere. Men are but the
pawns of circumstances and their environment, and are compelled to take the action they do because of their material interests. The same environment that
produced men like Russell, Pritchard and
other class war prisoners in this country,
will produce others and all the persecution, abuse and villification that he may
indulge, in will not change, that environment. As already pointed out the premier
is the product of a circumscribed environment. The result is that his outlook is
restricted tp a small area, and his references to individual effort and reward are
merely platitudious utterances that have
no meaning. They are as logical 'as the
statement that is often used in connection
with our captains of industry, when they
are described as "self-made men." The
premier may be one of this type, and if <
he is he mads a poor job of it, but one
thing is sure, and that ia the working
class is getting sick of having their lives
directed and marred by the present ruling class and art) slowly but surely realizing that a narrow outlook on life is
the last thing that they must be guilty of.
The workers have cast their vision beyond
railway tracks and ocean routes, until
they hav* seen the working class as a
whole suffering untold agonies and misery
as a result of exploitation under capitalism. It may be true, as the premier said,
that there aro a greater number of people
in this country in proportion to the population that are neither poor or rich than
in any .other land, but the fact remains
that those who are poor, are becoming
poorer, and those who are neither fish,
flesh or good red herring, are slowly being driven into the ranks of the proletariat and must of necessity .become red"
men snd women, seeking to bring about
that day when the small-bore .politician
will be relegated to the limbo of forgotten
things and rapine rule and robbery shall
eease. Not only will the Ivens' ana Rich-
ardsons challenge the right M the present ruling class by contesting elections,
but the workers will, ere long, challenge
the right of any olass to enslave another.
That will be the day for the Meighens an'd
the capitalist politicians to take cover, for
tlie workers will, on that day, judge any
individual'by his worth to the whole of
the human family and their ability to be
of use to society.
LOGIC IN THE supporters of the present system is very rarely found.
Last week at a Kiwanis Club luncheon,
Dr. Maguire pointed out that the warehouses in the United States were full to
overflowing. He also
GREATER pointed out that the
PRODUCTION      commodities that All-
AND EFFECTS    ed the warehouses had
been made for a European market, which did not exist, owing
to the fact that the nations in that part of
the world have neither money or goods to
buy them with. In the same speech, the
learned gentleman deprecated the spread
of what he termed Bolshevism in the
States, and the fact that while the workers were receiving high wages, they are
only giving one-third production. Not being in a position to deny that production
has slowed down, but recognizing that the
present fear of unemployment in «the
minds of the workers, which is not conducive to slowing up, would hardly make
it possible, we have no intention of attempting to disprove the statement. At
the same time, we can only wonder that
any one should be concerned about it, in
view of the over-stocked position of'the
• • «
It evidently never struck the learned
gentleman that the reason for the growth
of Socialism or as he termed it, Bolshevism, was due to the ever-recurring periods of financial and industrial depression,
because of the overstocking of the warehouses of the world with commodities produced by the working class. In faet, the
more the workers produce, the worse off
they are. The greater ability they show
in the production of commodities, ths
sooner they are thrown on the unemployed market. This is naturally a factor in
the slowly dawning consciousness of the
workers, to the fact that they produce, not
for their own good, but for the proflt of a
ruling class, In all parts of the United
States workers are today being laid off
work because they have produoed too
much. When they eease to be of use to
the employing class, they are laid off to.
starve, instead of enjoying tho things that
they have collectively produced. There
never was ah effeot without a cause, and
the effect seen by the spoakor at the Kiwanis Club, in the growth of Socialist
thought in the States, is due to the same
cause that has made it show itself in all
countries, and that is the ever-growing degree of misery that thc workers ondure
because they have produced too muoh, but
own nothing.   Greater production means
greater misery, and the workers aro seeking an end to the system that mak* their
position in society daily worse wcause
they are capable of filling the warehouses
of the world at the expense of empty
stomachs. No wonder that the number of
Socialists in the States grows.      ,_ |.
THB Vancouver Daily.Province fhinks
that we are all overdoing the prevailing unrest by talking too much'AVout
it, and asks for more of the sermon on the
Mount, and finally suggests tha't tii peo-
pie attend the Vancou-
THE GOSPEL ver Exhibition anW see
OF. PEACE in what useful and in-
AND UNREST   teresting  and peaceful
ways the people in this
part of the world-have been occupying
themselves. While recognizing that Vancouver-looms large in the eyes of-, those,
that control the Vancouver Daily .-Province, and that it might be well from, a capitalistic viewpoint if the workerk of this
city and country would confine their attention to the happenings- in their immediate vicinity, we cannot refrain from suggesting that he who preached the sermon
on the mount, embraced all men, no matter
of what nationality, in his message. Living in a somewhat later age, when the
system which is at present operating in
society has. broken down all racial and
imaginary boundary lines by th'e search
for markets, and recognizing that it is due
to this system that the unrest which affects the workers of all land prevails, and
that the late war involved the workers Of
many countries, ahd that it was their
blood that was shed in the interests of
capitalistic demooraoy, we cannot see how
it is possible for men to confine their vision to a local fair or exhibition when the
whole structure of society is tottering.
* *       ' % • '
To refer to the Sermon on thc Mount
and the true gospel of peace, as_the Province-suggests, may bc much moro wise
than we can see, but the fact remains that
there is no peace, and, the people > that
wish to establish it, are being persecuted
by every capitalistic nation under the sun.
Peace is impossible uwier capitalism. The
•very nature and structure of modern society is of such a character that there
must be struggles between different capitalistic nations for existence, and the.
workers must struggle against capitalistic
oppression. The competitive system irresponsible for war. War is the logicKljtjut-
come of a system of society that i0msed
on the law of the jungle and wtaan
slavery, that being so, there canubf-no
peace while it exists. Consequently] the
workers in this country must turi| iheir
eyes towards Europe and'placesiniv!hera
the unrest is most in evidence, as byudMng
so, they may understand the undcrijrmg
causes of it, and understanding it bjjajp be
able to further the interests of the tarjian
family. Peace can only be secur9q.!by
abolishing the cause of all war and1 class
antagonism, whioh. is the subjection^ one
class in society by another, so that the
subject cjaas may be exploited. To preach
the gospel of peace under present day
conditions would be as futile as attempting to make the sun turn in its course,
and even the Province would not suggest
that could be done.
The Trades and Labor Congress of Canada has once again demonstrated that it
is a moribund organization. Tom Moore
states that there is propaganda being carried on to discredit the Officials. There is
no need to carry on propaganda for that
purpose. The officials of Congress stand
self convicted of aiding the government
of this countryin the fight against the
men who were arrested in Winnipeg.
Surely nothing further is needed in the
eyes of the working class of this country
to discredit Draper and his jumping jack
The Vancouver Daily Province is shocked because George Lansbury suggested
that the London Daily Herald should accept the 75,000 pounds offered to the British labor organ by the Bolsheviki. Will
the Provinoe kindly inform us what difference there is between a labor paper
accepting money from Soviet Russia, and
a capitalistic sheet accepting subsidies
and hush money from ruling class
sources t So-far as we are eonoerned we
prefer the former—it looks more respectable.
Lloyd George is very wrathy at th* Russians because of the offer of money td the
Daily Herald. For pure hypocrisy this
takes the cake when it is remembered that
the British hav* aided all of the enemies
of Soviet Russia, and this episode only
furnishes another excuse for refusing to
deal with Soviet Russia.
The Hon. Gideon Robertson halt
tempted to defend the bulletin circi
by the department of labor, whioh
ferred to last week. If he has the
age of his convictions why does li
defend it in public instead of the ca
istic press. He can have the opport
in Vancouver next week, that is,'
wants it.
"Before Labor he (Meighen) jraed
consideration on thcir part'of the ret inre-
ments of employers." So saith tht premier to the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada at Windsor on Monday. He might
have added, "God help the rich, the poor
can beg."
The silence of the press on the charges
of G. R. Hughes are somewhat puzzling to
thc average citizen. The Federationist
will offer a prize of five oents to the person giving the real reason of a silence that
can be felt.
An old time military genius once aaid:
find out what you enemy wants you to do
and then don't do it. Tho Vancouver Gas
Company is urging the people to oonserve
gas.   The moral should be obvious1
Mothers Not Getting the
Help Advocated by
The laat meeting has taken plaoe,
ln the Labor Temple, ot the Van-
JCouver International Trades and
Labor Council. The noxt meeting
of thla body will be held ln the
Higg-Selman Building, part of
whioh haa. bean leased by the councU for union meetings purpoaea.
The Ualon Label committee
whioh was: appointed In connection,
with Labor Loyalty week will be
continued as the oouncll deems it
can do good work.  .
Del. Showier reported that the
American Express Co. granted ita
men 114 per week, retroactive
from May  .,
Bel. Mrs. Fearn, speaking on the
subject of mothers' pensions, atated
that the advisory board had been
padded and that instead of a board
composed af three women having
children being placed on the board,
aa advocated by the committee on
mothers' pensions, the board was
padded with women who were
working in the interest of the government instead of the mothers.
Too many questions were being
aaked the applicants and unless a
mother was absolutely destitute,
there, waa not much chance of her
getting the desired aid. In many
Instances mothers have been aaked
lf they could not leave their children at home and go out to work,
whereas the aot was advocated for
the very opposite purpose. The
council decided to have a committee go Into this subject ivRh the
Attorney-General—who will be in
the city next week—with a view
of having the act more liberally
administered. The committee appointed were Dele. Fearn, Dolk
and Mahon
International Organiser Mrs.
Houik of the Garment Workers,
was: in attendance and gave some
interesting information of Los Angeles activities in conneotlon with
art, education and technical
schools, held in the Labor Temple
of that city. In conneotlon wilh
the union movement, she urged
the men to take their wives more
into thetr confidence In relation to
the benefit! of unionism. She
stated that unless the wivea understand unionism they eaa make
scabs out of men quicker than any.
Where U 'yonr union button? •
Tbe price of copies of Pritchard's addreas to the jury, Dixon's
addrea* and-the history of the
Winnipeg ttrike bas been reduced
to 10 cts. per oopy. The Winnipeg
defense committee Is also Issuing
Defense Fund Stamps, tha price of
which ls SB centa each.
When through with thlafpaper,
pass lt on.
Council of Action Will Be
On Hand at Riga
The Laborites' Council of Action,
which has threatened the Britlah
government with a general atrlke*
if. It attempted further hostilities
against Soviet Russia, haa decided
to send William Adamson aad
Jamea Purcell to Riga to wateh
the armiatloa negotiations,
British labor has been auspicious
of the Poles, in their armistice dealings with the Soviet* In the twa
previous conferences essayed, the
diplomats in. Warsaw sent out statements laying the blame for armistice delays on the Russians, It de.
veloped afterwards, that the Poles
were causing the delays, awaiting
the help of the allied governments
to stop the Soviet advance and
start a new offensive.
Duplicity and deception are being continually employed by the
Polish foreign offloe In offlolal
utterances as well as In dealings
with Soviet Rusaia and other governments.
Put a one-cent stamp on  thl*
paper and mall It to a,friend.
What about renewing your sub.»
Neit Week
Aa Original Bun.
Pbone Stjmou Hit
A Comedy Drama
Suitable for Union Me<9tla|*
Reasonable Terms; Central Location.
AppJy, Phone Sey. 2351 or
Sey. not
IK Carter Option Bulldlnf
Don't yoa envy your landlord when you pay yenr rent? He
mako* a good thing out of you sure, but why not do without
him? .
In a nutshell that la what the MERRILL SYSTEM Is out to
do. We an going to build right here lu Vancouver nn upurt-
nieiit block on a co-operative plan. WE lond ourselves the
money, whatever we can aHord each month; wo will pay our-
solve* back with interest and divide among ourselves the pi'oflts.
There ore no middlemen aud no cliques control our organisation.
Our patented plan cats the cost of (he building ln had and
double* Uie income. One of our buildings, Merrill Mansions,
Vanconver, earns 17 par oent. Come along In with its for our
next. W* hnve score* ot others that hnve beep a big success.
W* have had ten years' experlenoe and a bif democratic corporation at the back of us. .
Never«before haa th* housing situation been so acute. Nnw
Is the Ume. A* one Mc organisation, with one management und
one co-operative Interest, let ua solve our housing problem.
Yoar* for % home of yonr own,
Sey. MIT J. F. LONSDALE, Organiser.
Perry & Dolk
Of 419 Dunimnir Street (tabor Tamplo)
Announce that after September 30th they will carr/ ou
buglnau at ROOM 38, BURNS BLOOK (Next Pantages
We merely ask an opportunity to alio* yon onr stock of
Diamonds and other precious jewels.
Diamonds in the loose form.
Diamond Jewelry of every kind.
Diamond* mounted to your liking.
'The Allan guarantee back of every purchase.
We Have
Goods for
the Wet
Onr Pricei Are Alwayi Right—Ask for Headlight Overalli
Maohinaw Coats
Mackinaw Shirts
Mackinaw Pants,
Caws' heavy all-wool Pants
Hoavy Soz
Stanfield's Green Label
Red Label
Blue Label
Blaok Label
Rubber Goods
Coats and
Boots of all makes.
Olive Long Coat
Olive Medium Coat
Olivi Extra Long Coat
Olive Short Coat
Also in Blaok Raintest
444 Main St
-   18 and 20 Cordova St W.
Excellent quality, perfeet ,
fitting,   correct articulation, pleasing appearance,
skilled attention, features
qf dentistry at
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Art Parlors
805 Granville Street
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
34$ Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
ISO Hutfnu St. W.
Syeeko (our different lefanafea.
Acknowledged   t«   W   tm   teeateel
Sht doei not tell things to plus* *
person, tat pads tke hud jut aa it
Telle e«ry pirion tke planet thsy
were bora under; their lucky end an*
lucky planets end what step In life te
take  to better themmWee.    Also  es*
plains things which have always keen
el myitry; what buslnesi yon are beet
adapted lor; when .and whon yon will
marry;   settlis   and   eioUlna   Inn
affaire  and  family  troubles.
Ste» In and Ha* Yonr Ufa Reed
Whi not ate tke boatf
It     costs    no    morel
AH readings strictly confidential
Offloa. Houra:   \0 te 12 a-ns., 2 to 5
p.ra.   Eventage: 7 to » p.ra. Monday, Wednesday and Friday.  '
Phono Soy. •«•.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor aad Dregless Pbystdaa
(Successor te. Pr. John Ony).   ■
J0-81-S2 t. Bun. Bldf,. M KSsa>m
St„ W-, Vancouver, B. O.
(Between Pftntnees The.tr. ud B. Q,
E. R. Station)
(■boa* Sey. .911     9n o*JUfkt
Nunn, Thornton O Clejg
UX Ssmer it Vancouver, ft q,
IM* OmiiU mm'
Bandar ..rfioM, 11 am. nnd 7.li
Sundar    Mlno!    -
auirniaa Mr.Im,
a .%tWtism
nuxnu,   ptnusHEU,   its.
Delta naelib, wilt. In pittee.   We
Houn:   10-12 a.m., 1-5 p.m.
Evenlnge S-l, lion., Wed., Frl.
Dr. Edgar W. Moore
dOS-404-dOS Carter-Cotton Bid*.
Haatinga and Cambie Sta.
Phone gear, mi
H. M. Nugent & Go.
Tenta and . Awning., Careen-
ten' Apron, and Overall!, Pante
asd extra clothlnj, Lonieliore-
men'a Hooks, etc. Eatimatei
given on all canvaa work.
Vanoouver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 4541
Matinee 2:30
Evening!., 8:20
Biol af Phona Seymonr MM
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Cuiry
, gnlte Ul Dominion BuUdinc
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerala of Dignity ft Fair
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel,
*   .398 OranviUe Street.
Phone Bay SIM.
North Vancouver: Office and
Chapel, ill Sixth at. W.
Phone N. V. lti.
Mount Pleaeant:   Offloe and
Chapel, 2123 Slain St.
Phoae yairwQat <&,
THS peraon who iayi "Kalle,"
when answering the telephone "miles vary condescendingly when be hears some one
else aay "Are you there?" He
thinks auch a question Is silly.
Whst dp*, tits msa who answers
with, "Mr. Bl.sk >(uUnf," think I
th. peraon wio ,.j. "Hellol" 01
..rvlng prop.r prsotte. hlmielf, he L
hi. tura thiuiiUie lj.ll. imllag Is
equslly sot ofplsot,
British Columbia
Telephone Company
M.F. EBY,B.A.,M.E.
Swedish Hsusge, B.d!.n( Hest lad
ILetrlMl Treatment, nf sll kinds.
theae Bay I770L.  Boor, a to I
Take Belt lias Otc
Phons Ssy- H7I. P. Psaisea
Hot and Oold Wster—Stesm Hut-
Room. Und.r New M.n.g.m.at.
Buffet aad Janet Counter la ON
,      nsoUoa.
■ske year horn, than whil. la town.
Ottawa, Ont. — The Canadlai
Federation of Labor haa deoldet
to affiliate Itself to the Domlntoi
Labor Party. The Fedoration li
comprised of workers who do nol
believe In the international unloni
and havo formed organizations oi
their own Independent of th
American Federation <*-ttabor. -FRIDAY... September 17, 192»
~J.U1, LiJ.ll.
New FaU
Suits and
Our first bi« shipment" of Faff Suits
and Overeoats is now
20th Century Brand Clothing Made in Canada
See our windows for all the new models
Clubb & Stewart Ui.
Men's and Boys* Clothiers
' 2 Stores
309 HASyiNGS W.       623GRANVILLE SI.
Established *» Yesrs
London, Swivel chair officers ia
the British military service are so
numerous that they stumble over
one another heels. Figures Just
Issued show that the War Offlce
staff comprised 10,068 persona on
July 1, an increase of 3,289 over
tho number on June 1. Thla increase Is due to the transfer" of
stair from the Ministry of Munitions. .
King's World'i Greatest Rheumatic Cure,
No Cure, No Pay
Frank Hudson, 75» Cambie
Street, lias heen laid up for the last
Ave years. He haa not been able to
walk or drees himself for the last
' yew and a bait. He had Arthritis
Rheumatism in both feet and
ankles, both knees, both hands and
elbows, and was lu a run-down condition. He has lived here tor years.
lite ami see this mnn and ask Ms
neighbors about hi* condition before ha was treated with King's
Illieumatlo Cure, Ha is walking
.now* HI* Joint* are loosening up
and Ifl a short time he will be entirely cured, aa it take* somo 'time
for this remedy to work into the
Joint*, loosening them up and driving thie acid out of the system, purifying tlie blood. I challenge anyone
to produce a rheumatic caso my
remedy will not cnr*. Bare cured
several people hen. 0*11 at Boom
e, Hack Block, or phone R-F 802,
Ladiea by appointment H. Simpson, manager, (Advt.}
Denied Uae of Mails for Over One
Year by Autocrat Postmaster Burleson.
Washington—Two year*, of uncompromising battle for a free
pross in America haf finally been
won from Postmaster General-Bur-
leson by the New York Call, The
Supreme Court of the District of
Columbia, on August 25, handed
down a decision ln whloh it denies
Burleson the right to -bar future
issues of any publication from the
The Call'* petition waa for an or
der compelling Burleson to restore
tbe paper to the second olass malls,
The court announces that lt will
immediately Issue suoh an order,
thereupon Burleson will stand In
contempt of court unless he bows to
it without quibble.     -
Tbe New York Dally Call was de.
nied the use of the malls In Decern,
ber, 19tt, ior alleged violation ot
the Espionage late la Issue* of the
Chicago—Twenty-five thousand
spellbinder* will be unleashed by
the Republican' national committee,
September IT, Men and women
"orators" will start to tour1 every
village and hamlet in the nation
upon that day carrying the messago that only a O. O. P. victory
oan save America from going to
the damnation bow-wows. Democrats will use the same "arguments."
Wher* Is your Union button?
N, S. Ross
O. M. Ross
Phones: Sey. 3109} Evenings, Bayview 1256-Y .
Tlie Largest Auction House on the Pacinc Coast
Dealers In Antique, Netf and Second-hand Furniture
632 Seymour Street, Vancouver, Q. C.
The National Park
Bowen Island
and the Popular AU-Dsy Bail
to Bquamish      .-;#■
Steamer* leave at 1:11 a-m,
daily and 10:S0 ara, Sunday
(new time), On Wednesdays
and Saturday* at I p.m. for
Bowen Island direct. Bowen Island offer* te the pleasure seeker
first-class, hotel accommodation, boating, canoeing, tennis,
stream, lake, and salt water Ashing, and sandy bathing beach.
Union Dock—Phone Seymour 0330
A Whist Drive
and Dance
Under the auspices of the Women's Auxiliary
of the 0. B. U.
Will Be Held in
Friday, September 17
GENTS, 50c; LADIES, 25c
Cards, 8 to 10; Dancing, 9 to 1
twelfth YBAR. No. ts   THE BRITISH COLUMgJ^ "Tb^RATJONIST    rAxpomm*. b. c.
Industrial Unionism
Admitted to Be Most Important Step. Since
War Declared
(By Pelix Morley) "
(Staff Correspondent for Tke Federated Press)
London, England—Formation ot
the Council of Action by British labor la conceded by, friends and foe*
alike to ba the most Important single occurrence ln England since the.
declaration of war In 1814. It few
achieved It* primary aim—that of
preventing . further ^aggression by
the British government against Soviet Russia, Now it stands ready to
assert its power In other directions.
The war scare has gone. Manifestly, the. wish ef lnhor to keep
out of the threatened new Imperialistic war was the wish of the great
mass ot England's people. When
the Counoll of Action waa formed,
the atmosphere 19. London (so
friends tell me) was like that at
tending the declaration of war
against Germany—except that all
the feverish utterances ln the
streets were anti-and not pro-war.
Open declaration that six million
British wage-earners would cease
production rather than see another
war, has had tremendous Influence
on the continent. It has insured
maintenance of a strict neutrality
th Germany; It Is hastening formal
recognition ot Soviet Russia ity
Italy; it is even driving breaches In
the strongholds of .French reaction,
which are so largely responsible for
the continued chaos of Europe,
Labor Directing.
The great fact which stand* In
relief against the turbulent welter
of events It that, organized Labor,
and not parliament, is directing the
outcome of political Issues. Local
councils are springing up spontaneously al| oyer England. Their tunc,
tlons at the present time are limited to "collecting Information" aad
preparing to make protest on tb*
Russian Issue effective, lf the par-
ent council deems drastic action necessary.
But It requires no gift of vision
to see what these local councils
might become. They are helng de-
nsunced na "machinery for revolu-
tioni" and "British Soylet*" by the
conservative press, although their
powor is specifically limited to the
one Issue of Russia. Another fact
which brings no consolation to opponents of the Soviet Idea is lhat
the local council*, of action In the
larger1 cities are being built on a
much broader basis than the trades
union councils which they may in
time supplant.
For Instance, in th* Couneil of
Action, tor th* Greater London
area, are represented the London Labor Party, tbe member* of
the London County Council, th* oo-
operatlve organisations, the Wq.
men's Co-operative Guild and the
London Trades Council a* a whole,
as well a* representatives from the
principal unions and federations
here. It is an injustice to th*
statesmanlike development of the
British Labor movement to suppose
that in the recent crisis I* found the
origin of the councils of action. So
far' a* a development of thi* sort
can be said to have a definite origin, lt Is found in the lesson of consolidated strength provided by the
Triple Alliance of minera, railway-
men and transport worker*.
The National Council, and the
local ones, ara empowered to remain ln existence only until tbey
have obtained three things:
1, Absolute guarantee that the
armed force* ef Qreat Britain ahall
not be used in support ot Poland,
Karon Wrangel, nor any other military or naval effort against the
Soviet government.
1. Withdrawal ot all British
naval forces operating directly or
indirectly as a blockading Influenco against Russia.
8. Recognition of th* Russian
soviet government and establish
By T. B. Midgley.
A FEW week* ago tb* writer
sent to the Fed; % brief article on the tubjeot et "District v». Industrial Organisation,"
showing thftt the development of
the lumber worker* organisation
aa a purely industrial, union with a;
separate membership receipt and
separate headquarters,. was not in
the, interests of the working olass
and was opposed to the idea dt One-
Big Union.
Strange to relate, the only individuals who have yet opposed th*.
argument* contained in that artlf
were the General Secretary of the
Lumber Workers' Industrial Union,
B. Winch, and tbe, General Secretary Vancouver Coast Diatrict ef
the Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union, J. ii. Clark*, Winch opens
bis reply by referring to my argument* ' "a|| "Midg ley'* peraonal
views." Now tbe Views set forth
In that article are. to the best ot
my knowledge the views ef eight
out of .the ten member* of the. General Executive Board of the One
Big Union.
Winch ha* not seriously attained the argumenta set forth tot the
dlstriot fortn ot organisation anti
I do not propose te take up space
to debate with him the merit* of
the card index system over the
loose leaf ledger page, or "th* iii'
efficiency of a printed slip Issued
by the Central Office.' The system
of bookkeeping issued by the Cttfa-
eral Executive Board ia optional
been adopted almost universally*
But on thl* question I will giv*
the same answer tbat I gave to the
Lumber Worken' convention: "If
you have a bettor system of bookkeeping tha'.i that issued by tl>e
General Executive Board then let
us adopt yours. If you have
better system of handling organisation wbrfc then let th* whole organisation have the benefit of It'
The main thing that I am Inter
ested In Is establishing one membership card, and one headquarters,
and eliminating the overlapping of
organization work, duplication ot
offices, etc. In order that the Lumber Workers, may actually become,
part of the One Big Union.
The argument that Wlnoh sets
forth about tools, and that concerning printers, carpenters and
longshoremen' looking for work at
then" trade I* really an argument
in favour of eraft unionism, but be
make* the greatest error of all
In the concluding paragraph where
he refers to "Russia where the
workers hare taken control of
I do not think It wise to dntf
into this discussion a comparison
Bedroom, Parlor, Kitchen,
Hall, ate.
Wa St you up throughout
TERMS *0 EAST that
makes paying a pleasure.
Quality flrat, laet and all
the time.
I km ilifftront from ill others, bs-
c .iias I not onlr rsatl yonr life, but
alio holp yon out et your troubles.
What good would lt do you simply to
he told you havo a rival or an enemy
in your path unless you wore told bow
to overcome thsm I I Bin able to point
out the path of eucceas and happiness.
Office hours, 10 a.m. to S p.ra.
ment ot unrestricted trading anti
commercial relationships between
Great Britain and Russia.
.   One Demand Conceded.
So far only tbe flrst of the** demand* haa been conceded br th*,
Lloyd George government, and tl
presence ot the third insure* th
the counoll* will continue to function for some months at leant, although a prominent English labor
leader tells me that "we hav* private information that Lloyd George
Intends to recognize the Soviet re
public as soon as possible."
The Counoil of Action will continue aa an active knit* in the aid*
ot parliamentary government until the above demands are actually translated into facts. Will it
continue longer than that!
This .question is agitating Britain to-day. It ls clearly recognized that to perpetuate the councils a* bodies controlling national
polloy would be to overthrow the
present syatem of government ln
England; would be revolution
deflnlt* and decisive. If not
spectacular, as that whloh took
plaoe ln Russia three years ago. A
strong element I* anxious to go
on and take this ultimate step,
But lt Is only one element which
holds this view; the majority of
British labor-Is still unwilling to
sacrifice democratic government In
England even If the Coalition government has sabotaged democracy.
The Portsmouth Congress will
doubtless see the flrst open test of
Strength between the two viewpoints, and provide the flrat clear
intimation of relative strength,
Solidarity of the British laber
movement at the present time I*
magnificent,—and Inspiring If bitter object lesson for the American
Withdraw Fund* ftom Anti-Union
Bank* and Place Institute
Owned Bank
Chicago—At Ita last meeting, th*
Chloago Federation of Labor unanimously passed a resolution urging
local unions to withdraw as mueh
of their funds as possible from the
hostile banks et this city, to ba
placed with the Farmer-Labor
Bank of North Dakota.
One of the first results of thl* resolution waa th* (ending of MOO.
1>l* entire saving*, to th* publicly-
owned bank by a member af tb*
Chicago Retail Clerks' Union.
Local No. 1 of the Bridge and
Structural Iron Worker* ha* aent
16000 u a preliminary deposit,
Local 11 of th* O. R. T. on th* Mil-'
wauks* system, haa forwarded
18000 of ita surplus. Tha Sign Painters Union haa sent (6000 aa Hs
first quota.
Pas* th* Federationist along and
help get new subscriber*,
Industrial Struggles to bo' Fought
Out Between Capital
nnd Labor
The Italian Oovernment has
taken an unprecedented position so
far as Industrial struggles aro concerned. In an address in parliament, a few days ago, Premier Glo-
llttl announced that ln the future
thc govornment would take no hand
whatsoever In Industrial disputes
betwoen labor and capital and that
both sides would have to thresh
out their differences aa best they
could. Heretofore, he declared,
whlchevor sido tho governmont es-
poussd, had an easy victory, but no
such policy will be pursued In the
Give a little encouragement to
our advertisers,
.has done ao 1st me quote from a
pamphlet by Wilfrid R. Humphries,
entitled "The Struotur* ot Soviet
Danger threatened Iron the
syndicalist tendencies of' aome of
the industrinl unions* Who wanted
tb' rttn their Industries without
considering tbe interest* of tbe
'oountry a* a whole. The coreln-
tlon and interlocking of the Industries was Imperative. Industries
using publie capital such as the
railroads, or exploiting suoh natural
resources, aa. the underground
stores of coal, oil, copper, Iron, etc.,
could not be turtted over for management excidvely to the Industrial
unions concerned, for the public
has a paramount interest."
Then there was real anarchy—
on the railroads, In the factories,
on tbe front and ln tb* villages.
All had. t*iten thelir slialrs Into
thaW own hands, and were acting
without any regard at all to the interests of the people as a whole,  f
"In the fall' of nlnet .on-sevsn-
teen duurlng the laat welts of the
Kernsky regime and the flrst period
of Soviet rule, factory workers
were anarcblatlcslly seizing control of their factories without coordinated plans, often succeeding
only In ruining expensive machinery and making the belated discovery that their managers and
technicians were not so dispensable
after all."
"To manage and co-relate all
the nationalised industries of Russia tbere Is a Supreme Counoll of
Publio Boonomy made up of it
member*.' Th* Chairman, Vladimir Millutln, haa a seat In tii*
Council of the People'* Commie-
sars, or Cabinet. Diagram number one may serve to make clear
the organisation that haa been
evolved, or rather that It still
evolving, for It I* not a pretty littlo
scheme conceived Ih any one man'*
brain or existing only on paper,
Like Topsy.lt "JU^t growed."-
"To manage each mine or group
of mine* there Is a board of three
manager* One comes from the'
workers; elected either directly ra
through thetr mine * committee,
and whom tbey may change at any.
time. The second member is appointed from Moscow by tbe'Coal
Central, a teohnical mining engineer, and lhe third cobles (rom
the regional economlo council, a
body representing all the workers
ln all the Industries of that economlo region."
In'making the above quotations
'I il am not ignoring the tact that
there are industrial unions In Russia; there tre also Industrial unions
In   the   A. F. of L.; tha   United
with Soviet Rus»li but *lno* !»!«,„ Work«» of Alnerlca being a.
striking example-
. | Wbat I am endeavouring to
1*9* is that the I." it, % theory
of organising the working class,
into Industrial Union* and thereby "building up the new system of
society within the shell of the old,
Jaa been proved fallacious by the
xperience of the Russian working class, and they have recognized
three factor* ln th'e management of
; First, the workers In the Industry; seeond, technical expert*; and
third, all the other worker* ln tfie
But to come back to Canada, we
are not organizing Soivets, not yet.
We are organizing a new union of
wage workers; so that we may be
enabled to more successfully carry
on tbe every day light over wages,
hours ef work, etc., and after fill
lt ls not Winch's views or mine
that will determine the Issue, The
worker's will ultimately adopt the
form of organisation whloh proves
to be the most effective weapon ln
that fight.
J. M. Clarke tn his reply to my
previous article makes a rather
feeble attempt te ridicule my argu.
ments, and sums up hi* own analysis hy stating that "Industrial
Unions must be to a certain extent geographical. Geographical
unloni must he to a certain extent
Induustrlal." What he mean! by
this statement 1* not very clear,
but perhaps he ls endeavouring to
explain why the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union officials (who are
so Insistent that the district form
of organization would result In
'mulligan') have placed lumber
workers card* In the hand* of hundreds of worker* wbo by lao
stretch of the Imagination belong
to tbe Lumbar Induitry, ranging
all the way from lady barber* to
coal minera.
In conclusion, to thoss who are
so lscklng ln argumeU that they
flnd lt necessary to drag Into this
discussion innuendo of a personal
nature, I would suggest a study of
astronomy. It will give them an
Idea of how small the human atom
really is.
Induatrlal or Dfctrlo* Organization.
Editor B. C. Federatonist:
Permit me to make a brief criticism ln your paper re an editorial;
"Induatrlal or District° Organization," In tha Fed., Auguat 10, containing only the personal expression,
of opinion* of th* editor and Lewi*'
Mumford, In which both of them'
have overlooked the necessity to
give u* soms argument* based on
facta so vital, ln a big question of
that kind.
The atatement tbat "capitalistic
society demand* that devolution,
decentralisation and localization
takes place," are entirely ln contradiction to Marxian theories, and
the actual happenings tn ibe course
of human progress bf today. The
Marxian theory, that greater and
greater centralisation of industry,
of production and power shall take
place from day to day under capitalistic regime, vividly ipoves Itself a* a fact before our eyes, every
hour. That thla centralization I*
a dire necessity under the preunt
mode of produotlon and that ttja
sooner the power' gets centralised
Into it fewer and fewer hands, the
quicker capitalism will 'face its
doomsday and the workera will
come out on top, hae been proved
time and time again. The greater
the centralization, the greater the
production of the good things of
life. Therefore,-centralization will
go on when capitalism will be a
past History. Evoluttion is a huge
force of natural developments, and
any one .who 1* trying to obstruct
lta progress I* In the same position
it* th* Individual wbo undertake!
to block a huge mountain stream.
The cockroach businessmen
(petty bourgeoise) have in the paat,
and will in the future, cry against
centralization (trusts and syndl
cates) because by' competition and
monopoly they put them back Into
the ranks of the .wage-earners.
And onr- is ail they could, or will
It I* not the working class that
ls fighting for a home rule In the
different fpot* of the old land. It
!• tlie nationalists, tb* petty bur-
geoulse, or one. group of capitalists
against the other. Most of those
fight* are Inaugurated by the same
forces that caused the Mexican
revolution, th* counter revolution
tn Russia, and that are using Poland and other small nations as
"buffer state*" against the centralised effort of the proletariat
Th* old,type of Industrial Unlona carried such a name because
they organised every worker' In a
given Industry ln one organization,
but thay failed more or less, Just
like the crafts, and federations to
funotltfa for the workers, because
the power was vested Into the hand*
ot the few of the officialdom.
Therefore, thos* organization* did
not hnve centrallzzed power by the
membership, but by thetr officials.
The new and modern type ot industrial organization, wherein an
organic centralisation Is being Inaugurated by Its membership for
the management of Industry/of the
workers' need*, its officialdom is,
under the direct control and dictatorship ot the rank and lfle. The
greater the centralization . by tit*
rank and tile, the greater the self-
discipline and power.
There 1* no one that could' prove
that local autonomy, power or action would be curtailed by aa Industrial torm of organization,
There Is no on* tbat could do anything but admire tbe miners Industrial organizations ot Britain,
France, Belgium and Germany,
who now have Joined hands across
the sea* in order to enforce their
demands. This I* another proof
that Industry and the working class
would have, were one of the most
vital Industries organized on a militant basis throughout some of the
largest Empires? For Instance,
th* transport Industry (on rail and
Th* arguments brougbt forth by
ths advocates of district, or geographical form of organization always put ln my mind the verses of
a Russian poet, Kryloff, dealing
with a quartette that was played
by a "trio" oomposed of a billy
goat, an aa* and a bear. Imagbe
th* baker*, barbers and house
maids, etc., In a district organization, discussing the reconstruction.
iu* snn* taa '
We manufacture and sell in th* Mme balldinf.
train ST to 40 oents qn ioar dollar.
VARNISH   WAINS — Woodwork, floors, furniture.
For interior or exterior use,
guaranteed to wear from 1 to
6 years;, all colors.
Psr gallon    .»**•
Per quart  - |So
White, "per gallon ...—...SMS
Per quart —„....:......|1,QS
Guaranteed to wear from • to
1 years on exterior work; ordinary, colorings P*r gal- HH
Star colon psr gallon ..MM
Outalde White, gallon .—J*/)M
Dries quick, elastlo like rub-
• ber, will stand heavy trafflc.
Per quart ....'..        AaM
Per half gallon  tt«*
Del**   haul   overnight,   good
gloss. Per quart  ...$1.05
Per qttart $1.«0
,Per pint
Per quart .
interior wail work and enamel
undercoatlng.. Per pint —.tit
Per quart.... •»«•»»
Per gallon
Per pint .. .<-^.—Mo
Per qyart ——.—J*
all shades of brown ud r«*
ln t-g^Uon tins, at, gal- . "' "
l^galfon tin* ———ti.
Qrean, ln 4-gal. tins, g*L
i-gal Una	
rough exterior surface*, la r*d .
and brown, at per gal ...MM.
Grey and gr**n, gallon ...-IMS
A Ml line ol Brushes, Interior Stain*, ete., at i
On* Block Horn Hastings Btreet Tram Ofllce. Phone Sey. Mt
Do you recognize all the mineral wealth tkat you ar* passing
Th* buainess of this Institution Is to Impart a thorough, praa-
tlcal training in ASSAYING—ttXFERT PROSPEonNB
Thla makes you a m^*t*r «tf your y»ork. It «M**s your «Knlnt
powiar* worth while. IJ mean* a moife ifrtei p*ti> to ^MWM-
For the regular prospector tbi^ training places hiro ft tht. top
of hi* craft.  It will literally mean fortune* to many.
Hera I* a profession easily acquired hy anyone with ordinary
education ana Intelligence. The demand for assays.™ is great
and with the opening up of Canada's vast mineral treasure* then
will be a constant call for mora and m01* assayers. Assayere
command big money. YOU can be an assaysr. It does not take
long to learn, and our rates ara reasonable. Convenient term*-*,
day and night classes—practical, Individual Instruction.
fa* us atent this while ths list Is tot la yonr Mat.'
The B.C. School of Pharmacy & Science
Orown Building           US Pender Street Phone Sey. lldt
NOTE—ia a proof of oar methods, tba lollowlai reeulta wan oblalnad by
st suits* tko past year:   Iat plase la tbo B.'O. Laud Ssmrwaj. nasi;
lit alsSTlj B. fl. lind Sw^litf TMmlnnr,-. M____\
i_,m Set.no. fnt.; Iat flaw Is ». O. Hiaor art WW
plaaa in B. C. Law Preliminary.   Oar atndsnta lnyarlahly i
plaooa In Exams.  '
la B. 0, Cslv.
rhanasty; 1st
The price of copies of Prltch
ard's address to the Jury, Dixon's
address and the history of thc
Winnipeg xtrik* haa bcen reduced
to 10 cts, per oopy. The Winnipeg
defense committee Is alao Issuing
Defense Fund Stamps, the pries ot
whloh Is IS oents cat*.
remodeling of the, lumber camp,
railway air mine, In accordance with
tb* interests of the workers engaged therein, while 'capitalism exist* and after It I* gone, or vice
We have already too maity district organizations in this oounntry,
and any one who favors them so
mueh, can pick bis choice beginning with the Conservative and
ending with the Socialist party.
Tbe Workera and the Pence Treaty.
To the Bdltor B. O. Federatlonist: Sir)—As you saw fit to make
copy of the fact that Comrad*
Kavanagh secured a temporary advantage ln reply to my question on
the above subject I desire to further explain ihe question and the
reason tor putting same to the
' Why 'did the ipeaker try to capture hi* audience with Illustrating
the economic conditions of the
shrlpyard workers caused by th*
huge amount of shipping forfeited
by Germany to the Allies under ths
conditions ef the Peace treaty? To
further emphasize his point hs explained that at present unemployment was prevalent and would Increase considerably, as Germany
had yet to build ships for the Allies
aa a further obligation undtr tkt
peace Treaty.
Then to further enlighten hit
audience the speaker proceed* te
quote from Professor Keynea* book
on the Economlo ResulU qt Peso*.
Now If Comrade Kavantgb la eon-,
slstent and possesses that clarity
ot thought which h* laments Id
lacking In th* British movement?
will he answer the following question: "If the Peac* Treaty is of
no consequence to the worken.
why bother to explain the economlo results of the said p*»c*r*
Your* tor logic,
toil Prince Albert *t.,
South Vancouver, Sept. 14, 1111.
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumbsrjaok)
Prompt Service
Fine Ogre
SM Abbott St    Yuoonnr
Phone Sey. 887J-M7*
New Method Shoe
O. B. U. Help
Opposite B. C. Electric
Full grain aid* brawn and blaek
dress shoes. Brown baa wide toe
and black medium.
Rsg. J10.00, value at.
Brown calf shoes with slip sol*
card stitching and reinforced
shank. Rogular 111.
All sizes at	
Heavy solid leather work shoes.
Brown and black, with full double
solea Regular 110.
to go at	
All solid leather
children's shoes in
sises to »H.
Broken lines In
patent, gun metal
and brown calf at
250 Pairs of Boys' 11 to 13ft	
Strong School Shoes, 1 to 5</i	
DEPENDABLE SHOES FOR t _ ■2,!;      F A w ».
Kor Ker make of high top black and brown
shoes.  Reduced to our cost
« to 7Vi
• to io m
11 ts 1
Brown, tan and black oalf.
Regular 14.50,  I  to  104
Shoes for boys, not heavy, but serviceable.
regular 11.50,
11 to 1	
W. hav. propared for thl* year with the
beat quality rubber footwear made. Every
styls aad shape in snag-proof rolled, edge
and heavy gum.  See them.
HT   $2.50
Ladles' brown kid boot*
with Cuban heel, 9-ln.
top.  Reg.
111.00 at.
Growing   Girls'
black calf shoes,
In   sizes  to   5tt<
Broken lines that
sold to 10.00 pair
Twtui.rrH tear.  no. 3!      THE jSttlilSjU UUDb'^BlA FEDJ5KATIONIST
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
Is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Lsbor Counoll
Read the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription'price $2.00 per year; fl.00 for six months
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
HARRY WILLCOCKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
tu Twenty Tssra wa bava issued tola Union Stamp for aaa under our
Peaceful Collective Bargaining
Forblde Both Strlkee and Lockout!
Dliputei Settled hy Arbitration
Steady Employment and Skilled WorkmuuUf
Prompt DallTerloi to Dealers wd Public
Peaee and Success to Workera and Employeri
Proiperlty of Shoe Making Communities
Aa loyal onion nen and women, wc ask
ran to demand shoes  bearing   tbo   aboro
union Stamp on Solo, Insole or Lining.
Cellla Lovely, Oeneral Pwaldaat.   Qbarlea L. Balne, Oeneral Sec.-Treas.
Vanconver Unions
COUNOIL—Prosidont, 3. JI. Clarke;
vlce-presidOBt, X. W. Batley; aocrotary
3 0. Smith; treasurer, A. 8. Wolls;
sergeant-at-arms, E. Horno; trustees.
Oarr, Taanbtea, SleTOrwrlgbt and Mldgley. Hoots Srd Wednesday each month
la tbe Pender Hall, corner of Fonder and
Bute atresia. Phons Bey. Ml.
.sets   aeooad   Monday   la   the
».    rroaUsnt, 3. t. UeOttanell: ue-
rotary, g. H. Moolsada, P. 0. Bes tt
snd Bolnlorced Ironworkers, Loeal tl
•-Reeta aooond asd fentb Honiara.
ftwll.nl Jas. Baatiaga; tnanolal_aae-
setair sad Irosaaror, Boy Hasaooar, Boom
Sit Labor Temple.
Umber Industry (earns snd mill)
aaeet witk fallow workora fa that Industry. Orgaalso bile the Umber Workora
bdaslrlal Ualon of Iho 0. B. U. Head-
maaHera, tl Oordon St. W., Vanoouver.
. Kese Sey. MM.
0. B. U-—Prosidont,   B.   W.   Hatloy;
secretary, J. 0. Smith.   Meeta let Wednesday In oaoh month In Fonder Hall,
ir. ol Ponder and Hove streets.   Phone
if.  Ml.
plojrr is, Loeal >B—Moota overy eeeond
Wedneaday la tbe montk st J:«0 pm.
ssd every fourtk Wednesday ln the month
*t 1:10 pja. Prosidont, John Cummlngs,
Flt.tr sad bualneaa sgent, A. Oraham.
sad mealing hsll, tii Peader St.
Phono Soy. Mil.    0»oe boars, 8
sjs. to C em,    _^—_
Aaaeelatlon,   Local   ll-JS—0»e* and
IA  lti Oordova St.  W.    Heota Brat
—" tklrd  Pridaya.  •  pjn.    Seeretsry
r, Thomas Mlxon; bnalaeaa sgent,
Union—VeoU Ind snd dth Prl-
IN Ubor Tomplo.   President, W.
MB, nil OranrUlo Street: aeeretary,
T. Kelly, USO Heatinga St. I.i re-
'hw-somtsry, L. Holdoworth,  Ml—
ft. ♦., nortk Tsnoonror.
..RlM aMd —ta Workers' in-
daalrial Unit ef tha Ona Big Union—
Aa ladsatrlal salon ef sll workera In log-
elf aad aonatrsetlon camps. Coaat Dls-
at ud Oenersl Readonsrters, (1 Cor
trt. Bt. W, Tsaeonrer, B. 0. Phono Sty.
MM. 1. Wtsok, general secretary
tnsaarsr; lafSl adrlsara, Messrs. Bird,
Maedonald A Oo., Vancouver, B. 0.; audi-
Ian, Heasra. Butter A Ohlene, Vancou-
Ter, B. 0.
BAbinb'pibehen a oilers unit o;
■ l .    a     w*     w*     —....    lA    1L*Ib   hbU«    1**11
tke 0. B. U. moot la tkolr salon ball
•t looms I and dCmpIro Hotol, It Host-
Sua Seat, Int aad tklrd Wednesday In
Be month. President V. Owens; >lco-
■roollont. D. Cirllm aeeretary, Earl Klmt.
Rene Sey. Ull.	
Umber InSnatry, organise Into the L.
WriXV rt Se 0. B. U.   HlUwork-
en, bnnohea meet a. followa:
Tsaseseer—Lumber Workere'   kesdonar-
tan, It Cordovs St. W. Every Monday
Row WsatMiBttor—Labor Hall, cor. Royal
Ave. aad Itk St. Snd and *tb Wednesdays at I p.m.
fraaor Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville.  Snd snd dth There-
Pert 'Moody-^-Orange Hall, lai fridi -.
every month, at 6 p.m.
Bine, hill and smelter work-
ors' Unit of tko Ono Big Union, Metal
Hleresa Miners—Vancouver, B. 0., bead-
fssrton, 61 Cordovs Street Weet. All
workers engaged ln thla Industry aro
•aged te loin tho Union before going en
lha Job. Dos't wait to be organised, but
stgsalaa yeanelf.
Morth Amorica (Vanoouver and vloln-
■y)—Brenck  meeta  aecond  and  fourtk
ndars, Beam 204 Ubor Temple. Presl-
it, Wm. HunUr, 111 Tentk Ave. Monk
Vsneouvor;  Inanelal secretory,  E. Ood-
lard, IBS Blcbarda Street; recording secrotary,   J.   D.  Russell,    931   Commercial
Pllvo.    Phone High. 2204R,	
en Brlilgemen, Derrlckmen end Riggers
ef Vancouver end vicinity. Meets every
Monday, I p.m., in 0. B. U. Hell, 801
Pendor St. W. President, T. L. Hewitt.
Snanclal aeeretary and business agent, E.
Home.  Phone, Seymour ttpl.
on—Tou need the Camp Workers of
Cnr Indnatry.   Ther need you.   Organise
gather In tho 0. B. U. Indutsrlal Unit
•f yonr occupation.   Delegatea on every
tlb, er write the District Headquarter,,
1 Cordovs St. W., Vaneonver.  Entrance
he, 11.00: monthly duea, ll.oo.
rastencra, I.L.A- Local Union 86A,
■idea 6—Meats lbs Ind snd dth Fridays
at tho month, Ubor Templo, I p.m.
President, William Rsylers Snanolal aee-
tetary and business agent, H. Phelpa;
reapendln* aeeretary, W. Ue.    OBee,
L.80T Ubor Temple.	
nd  eLeotkio  BAILWAY
Pioneer DlvUloa, Mo. 101
P. Hsll, Wonnt Pleesart
" tre st 10.18 a.m. snd I
B.   Bigby;    recording
Orlln, 447—8th Avenne
P.   Sidaway;   Snanolal
jlnesa egent, W. H. Oat-
Street; offlee corner
Phono Pair. SM4B.
mow  No.  neet eaeh month at
A.   1.   Bobb;   vice-
prealdeat, 0. H. Collier: aeoretsry-tnaa-
snr, a H. Moelands, Boa 80.
Provincial Unions
and Labor Council—Moeta Int and
third Wedneadaya, Knights ot Pythlaa
Hall, Morth Park Strset, at I p.m. Pnaldent. E. 8. Woodward; vlce-prealdent,
A. 0. Flke; secretary-treasurer. Christian
Blurts. F. Q. Bos 101, Viotorla B. 0,
Heeta flnt and third Friday each montb
st 1424 Oovernment Street.   Third Friday
open forum.   Becrotary, B. Wateraon.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Heeta evory Tuesday In tha Helntyre Hall at 8 pm. Heatings open to all 0. B. U. memben. See*
retary-treaaorer, M. Booth, Boa SIT
Frlnee Bupert, B. 0.
of tho One Big Union, meets uur
Wedneaday night in Iho 0. B. U. Hall,
10338—101st St. A. Mogrldge, Inanclal
aeeretary; E. Palmor, recording aeeretary.
Scranton, Pa.—Efforts of the anthracite coal mine operators to lure
the diggers back to work by spreading reports that vacationists In
various portions of the hard coal
district were returning to their
Jobs bava met with small success.
At leut 100,000 men remained On
vacation Wednesday, and the number of Vacationists Is growing.
Telephono Soy. 2401
Houso Fbont B-F 1BITL
111 Standard Bank Bonding
(10 Haatinga St. W., Vancouver. B. 0.
J. H. Healey
834-825 Birks Building,.
Vancouver, B. 0.
Phone Sey, 7055 .
Glasses fitted for the relief of
headache and eyestrain.
Dr. De Van's French PUIs
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, |S
s box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of priee. Tha
Seobell Drug Co., St. Oathorlnos, Ontario.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerro and
Brain; Increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will boild yoa np. |3 a box, or two for
16, at drug stores, or hy mall on receipt
of priee. Tbe Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
Drugless Physicians
Houn; 10-12; 2-8.   Evenings by ap*
Oor. Oranvillo sad Fonder Sts.
Phona Say. 8833
Ballard's Furniture Store
PUoae Sey. 8187
We always carry In stock a food
selection of dining-room, parlor, kitchen and bedroom furniture, also
linoleum and medium priced carpet
squares, nigs, etc. Wc can eare you
money as we are out of the high rent
Not     Many    Delegates
From West of Great
Draper and Moore Still
Control Slight Signs
of Revolt
Windsor, Ont., Sept. 16,—Red
coated mounted police inarched
into Windsor Armories Monday af-
tertioon and occupied seats In various part of the haU just before Hon.
Arthur Meighen, Canada's Premier,
entered the building to address the
Dominion Trades and Labor Congress, In session here.
Premier Meighen, fresh from a
bitter denunciation of all who opposed his decadent administration
as enemies of Canada, was accompanied by various members Qf thc
border Chamber bf Commerce,
President Tom Moore gave him a
hearty hand shake as he ascended
the platform.
Melghen's speech js already
familiar to every reader of the dispatches of the government-subsidized Canadian Press Association,
his own private secretary revising
his master's speech from a stenographic report before it went out
over the telegraph wires. The
Border Chamber of ' Commerce
commission's secretary also made
a stenographic report.
Premier's Speech a Failure.
Doubtless the precautions were
due to threatened opposition to
Meighen. Various Toronto delegates refused to come to Windsor
after Moore's announcement that
Meighen was invited to talk while
others said they would make reply
if he became critical. Doubtless
word reached the ear of the artless
one, for his apeech was comparatively tame. The The reception
was frosty, visiting employers giving the few hand claps. Newspaper
reporters for newspapers supporting Meighen were the first to describe his speech as a failure. He
'doper of labor" In'his left-over
cabinet, and praised the doctrine of
Individualism. He thanked Moore
and the Trades Council executive
for the invitation, and left Windsor
shortly afterward conscious of the
fact that he was able to talk to a
labor convention almost Immediately after damning working class
Meighen was not the first politician to talk to the eonvention.
W. C. Kennedy, Laurler-LIb eral
member of parliament from the
local constituency and prominent
capitalist* telling the convention,
shortly after It opened Monday
morning, how much he "loved"
labor. Walter McGregor, local
manufacturer, who received the
handle of Colonel when he went to
England with a regiment during
the war, but who did not enter the
trenches aa a combatant, brought
greetings from the border Chamber
of Commerce, of which he Is chairman. F. McClure Sclanders, the
commerce chamber's commissioner
who openly advocated bringing into
Canada battalions of Chinese coolies to compete with labor, was also
present "at both Monday sessions.
Moore, on responding to the greeting of Windsor's mayor, said that
ln Windsor, of course it would be
more appropriate to .'receive the
keys to the wine cellars than to
the city Itself.
Wanting Explanation*.
The number of delegates present
fell far below the Hamilton convention last year, President Moore
explaining, In newspaper Interviews, that Inroads of other organisations had much to do with the
Paddy Draper, secretary, led a
spirited discussion Tuesday morning over the admission of the Toronto Trades and Labor Council
resolutions condemning intervention in Russia, favoring self-dependence for Ireland, and calling for
the selection of a oommlttee to investigate Draper's alleged receipt
of $50,000 to fight the progressives
ln Winnipeg.
"Under no circumstances will a
statement of that kind be printed,
for lt carries the imputation of a
charge and by printing It we would
circulate lt throughout the world,"
President Moore declared In barring the second part of the following Toronto Tradea Council resolution from the official minutes.
"Resolved, That this congress
elect a committeo of five from the
flooi* of the house, clothed with
full plenary powers to Investigate
the activities of the executive of
this congress ln regard to the Winnipeg strike and the trial of the
workers involved therein; ateo the
expenditure of $60,000 which the
secretary of the congress is alleged
to have received from ex-President
Barker of the maintenance of Way
Workers' organization, who ls at
present oa trial charged with misappropriation of funds; and be it
"Resolved, That the findings of
the committee be printed and sont
to every affiliated local of this
Thu remainder of this resolution
"Whereas, the necessary work of
the executive of the Trades and Labor Conpress of Canada has become
sufficiently Important to the work,
ers of Canada, the time has arrived
when the office of the secretary-
treasurer should demand the entire
time and undivided attention and
services of the incumbent, and that
he shall represent the expressed
views of the congress on all matters vital to the interests of the
working class; therefore, bo it
"Resolved, That a permanent
secretary-treasurer be elected under .these conditions and a salary
be provided therefor at such sum
as the congress may decide."
Secretary Draper declared heatedly that this nnd the other Toronto resolutions had never reached his office, although James Simpson, Toronto Trades Council delegate, read a telegram from A, W.
Mance, secretary,   saying bo had
mailed copies of them on August
26. }n t
"Believing the secretary of 'Toronto Trades and Labor Council is.
a gentleman, and that I also'h&ve
some of that quality," he said. 'Hi'
have no fear. I am not afraid of
any set of men In Toronto district
council or anywhere else. This
not bluff,' although two or three
resolutions concern me. They
don't monkey with me very long."
"I was witness to the posting of
the letter containing those resolutions," answered Jack Monroe^
former president of tha Toronto
Central Labor body.
Draper Wins.
Draper then moved that resolutions, Including those, from the Toronto Trades Council not received
ten days before the convention, be
turned over to the resolutions committee merely for their consideration, this committee'not being expected to place these late resolutions before the convention If others
of a similar nature wer ealready
In their hands.
An amendment that the late reso.
lutlons be also printed for consideration of the delegates, was lost and
Draper's resolution adopted.    s
Resolution No. IB, Introduced by
local No. 300 of Brotherhood of
Painters and Decorators of Ottawa,
was expunged from ..the minutes,
on motion of Secretary Draper.
It read:
"Whereas, the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada olalms to be
the legislative mouthpiece of organized labor; and
"Whereas, it has been the custom to interview the powers that
be In the position of begging cap
ln hand, to enact legislation; and
"Whereas, congress has grown to
manhood and self-respect; therefore, be it
"Resolved, That this congress
meeting at Windsor, go on record
that the time has arrived to enter
the political field and elect men of
the working class to represent them
ln our legislative halls, Provincial
and Federal, to enable the legislative demands of the congress to be
placed on the statute books and
eliminate the beggar, cap ln .hand
function which has become an annual farce." ' ,,
The convention adopted In Its
place, a motion re-afflrmlng the
stand of the Ottawa convention
favoring organisation of a Dominion Labor Party,
A motion was adopted that no
other printed matter can be distributed on the floor except by authority of the president and the
executive council. »
"The Winnipeg general strike Was
made into a defeat by the activities
of men who are nothing but Industrial opportunists," Ernest Robinson, secretary of the American Federation of Labor Winnipeg Trades
and Labor Council, ^declared' at
Wednesday morning's session;""
Robinson made a bitter attack
on the Winnipeg defence committee, and upheld the Dominion gbv-
ernment in Its refusal to release
the men in prison. '''!
His apology for Meighen knd
Oldeon Robertson, came during the
discussion of the report of the C6m-
mttte on officer's reports. Winnipeg trials and defeats, the subject
of section ten of the report of the
executive council takes up almost
'three pages.
' Executive Report
Though refusing to be drawn
Into all the Ill-conceived schemes
for securing the liberty of these
men, it says your executive' have
never the less steadfastly pursued
a policy which In their Judgment
would ultimately lead to that end.
In this- your, executive have been
helped gr/eatly by the co-operation
rendered by the Winnipeg Trades
«nd Labor Council The Winnipeg
defence commute closely allied as
lt Is with the one big union unable
to accomplish anything for these
men Itself has lost no opportunity to
thwart the. efforts of the Winnipeg
Trades Council and your executive
ln striving to secure their* liberty.
For a considerable time Itjboa been
apparent to those closely in touch
with this matter that the defence
oommlttee was not only controlled
by One Big Union Influences, but
was manipulated and used extensively for the furtherance of the
O. B. U, propaganda.
It was realised, however, tbat
any break which might occur previous to the conclusion of the
trials may have an Influence which
would act to the detriment ot the
men Involved and for that reason
no action was taken, until the con-
elusion of the trials and the decision of the appeal court has been
During all this period that fonf
executive have been strenuously endeavouring to deal In a permanent
manner with this important and
complicated subject, they have been
subjects of attack by unscrupulous,
and often lying statements, made
not only by the O. B. U. and similar opponents, but tn many cases
by many members of our' own
movement who must have k'.iown
that success would be better assured by support rather than by attempting to destroy genunln efforts
being made by your executive on
behalf of the organized workers of
this country.
Another part of the report, the
committee's favourable roport on
the Winnipeg situation was about
to go through without discussion
when Robinson jumped to his feet.
"I want to say, on behalf of the Winnipeg Trades and Labor' Couribll,
how much we appreciate the efforts
of the Trades and Labor Congress
executive in this matter," he said.
"There has been more misrepresentation of this than of any other
subject. The Winnipeg general
strike was made Into a defeat' by
the activities ot men who Were
nothing but industrial opporturlislf
endeavoring to bring about a seees.
sion movement. That secession
movement has thriven'on awS&te
and Imprisonments. At every tur.i
when Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council brought up the question
It was blocked. The defence committee Is an arm of the succession
movement; but c s a result of our
request one man lias been released.
A suposedly representative organization man went to this man's wife
and said that ho was a traitor because he asked for release. This
representative told her the movement wni. advancing fust. He told
her this while that wife and those
kiddles were living? on charity.
"I think this congress should say
In no uncertain terms what it
thinks of action of that kind."
"Wo appealed to the Minister of
Labor in behalf of theso men i'-i
Jail. The Minister of Labor showed me n stack of letters almost a
foot In height.      They    contained
resolutions, threatening letters demanding theii' Release, one even
saying that If they diu^'t release
them they would send a strong deputation to the Governor General,
while I hold no brief for the government, It wouldn't be a government If lt allowed a challenge like
this to come over them. The secessionist movement In Winnipeg has
shot Its bolt. While many thousands of dollars collected were
■pent in expensive administration
ot the defence funds, those in
charge begin to realize that these
families will be left on their hands
with no funds. The defense committee is no more than an arin of
the 0. B. U. movement. We haye
heard of what was looked upon as
a dual personality ln Russell. But
while I have very little use for
Russell's Ideals I have for Russell
himself. I believe Russell Is whole
hearted ln his appeal for clemency.
I hope, sir, that ln a few weeks
through out efforts Russell will be
released. I hope the others will
come to their senses and ask for'
the same. Without hesitation or
equivocation, no set of men Is more
whole-heartedly iB favor of their
release than the-executive of this
Federations of Labor
No one else spoke and this part
ot the report was adopted.
"I cannot se that results were
obtained consistent with the amount
of money expended," declared J.
W. Wilkinson, chairman of the
committee on officers reports, In
reporting on the withdrawal of the
British Columbia Federation of
Labor from the Trades and Labor
"I can say at least that Instead
of having solldifled the movement
the movement was never In a more
disrupted state than at the time
of the B. C. Federation^ withdrawal."
Evidently British Columbia Is
not the only province where there
Is opposition to the Moore-Draper
regime. A Halifax delegate asked
Secretary Draper why no report
appeared from the executive of the
Nova Scotia Federation of Labor.
"Repeated attempts have been
made ln the last three mtnths to
get a report from lt," the secretary
"But the secretary failed to make
reply to three letters and one telegram from me."
Delegate Roper (Edmonton)
declared, "We have received very
definite benefits trom the Alberta
Federation of Labor."
VI have opposed most strenuously the aetivities and work of the
B. C. Federation ot Labor In years
gone by," Draper aald to further
explanation, "these federations of
labor are chartered by congress and
should be subject to their rulings.
I found that certain of these federations as soon as they received
charters did not propound the policies of the congress of Canada,
but set themselves up to oppose
the actions of the executive and
this congress. Instead of consolidation we had division." He favored the congreu president appointing a legislative agent In each
Won't Print Figures.
Congress decided to withhold
printing of Government statistics
as to numerical strength of the One
Big Union and other organisations
not controlled by congress in all
future officers reports, Chairman
Wilkinson making this recommendation for' committee. It wtll also
recommend to all afflliated organisations that they be more rigid In
expulsion of One Big Union, Industrial Workers of the .World and
other "dual" unionists.
Peter McCallum, Toronto,, and
others analyzed the figures published ln the executive council's report
showing that International offices
ln United States sent in much more
money to aid unions in Canada
than they received from them.
"Has this money been sent over
here to aid organisation in Canada
or as flre insurance to protect themselves from eruptions tn the United
States?*' he uked.
'If Delegate McCallum wants Information on the future he should
consult a Oulja board," President
Moore replied with considerable
Farmilo announced that a meeting of all delegates from Winnipeg
West would be held ln convention
hall on ednesday night
Twenty-four out of five hundred
and twenty-three delegates eome
from Fort William and Port Arthur,
Ontario, and points west of those
This Information oame out Wednesday afternoon when President
Moore corrected a delegate who
said that only about ten men were
present from Western Canada.
Moor't declared every western province has representation. Following the afternoon session delegates
from various sections ot Canada
gathered in territorial groups to
discuss matters of particular Inter-
est to each group. When western
delegates occupied litle apace by
themselves, Montreal and Toronto
each having twice aa many ae all
Canada west of the Lakes. The
convention refused te pool the expenses for delegates despite the
plea of certain places. It also turned down a resolution favoring the
transfer of members of one craft
to another without payment of additional initiation fees. These resolutions as well as one calling for
election of secretary-treasurer devoting all his time to the work of
the congress coming from the Ottawa painters union, were all turned down. "This edge of the wedge
ls being driven In by painters unton
number two hundred of Ottawa,"
declared a London delegate. "We
do not want any of It ln Ontario
which js free from I. W. W. and
Onc Big Union propaganda.
"I make a motion they all be
put under one head and killed."
Peter Leckie, of the guilty Ottawa union declared local union
men should go on strike whether
they got permission to do so or
not. "We of two hundred will
strike when the Iron Is hot, despite all the Internationals," he exclaimed.
Ernest Robinson, Winnipeg Central body slammed Leckie. "Leckie says if men want to atrlke they
will strike ln spite of the constitution," he said. " Damn all agreements, damn all constitutions, Is
their cry and they are pretty
nearly damning our' labor movements. We must realize that the
worker's word Is his bond."
"Remarks of our friend from Ottawa are exactly the same kind of
Ideas and propoganda aa In the
West before our trouble," said
Delegate Roper1 of Bdmonton.
President Moore*  declared   that
Insidious propaganda was being
spread since the meeting of the
third International ln Moscow to
create distrust in officials, we must
understand we ore an organization
formed not to meet conditions in
Great Britain but ln - Canada, he
■aid. You in Eastern Canada are
going to be confronted by similar
propaganda to the lnsiduous propoganda In the West.
Farmilo of Edmonton shouted, It
will destroy our movement In the
East aa well as in the West If we
aren't careful.
Delegate Powers, of Winnipeg,
and others, praised Secretary
Draper highly.
Edmonton, Moose Jaw, Winnipeg
and Montreal are all seklng next
year's convention, Vancouver Is
making little bid for lt. An early
report to this effect Is being contradicted.
FRIDAY September 17, ill!
A. P. of L. Non-Partisan
Political Convention Becomes Vaudeville
By Num L. Welch.
Staff Co-respondent for ths Federated Pren.
Detroit, Hlch.—Mock oratory and
a veritable aaaault upon" the cata-
del of Gomperaiam marked the A.
F. of L. non-partisan poUtlcal convention held here by the central
body at the Instance of the heads
ot the A. F .of L. In Washington.
The meeting was a burlesque, as
the delegates from the afflliated
locals and those who were sent to
attend the ''non-partisan" meet on
request from Washington, took
unanimous delight ln jabbing at the
exponents of the "rewarding our
enemies and punishing our friends"
policy ot the American Federation
of Labor.
The regular meeting of the federation was.adjourned and the body
Constituted Itself into a political
convention. Newton Short of the
Electrical Workers, a militant progressive and consistent opponent of
Gompersism, was chosen presiding
officer and trom then on until adjournment the body rocked with
laughter as Short and speakers
from the floor tore wide holes tn
the A. F. of L. non-partisan programme and Ita general policy In
comical manner.
Julius Deutelbaum, editor ot the
Detroit Labor News, struck the one
serious note of the meeting when
»p stated that "this convention has
ecome Just what I hoped lt would
become, a good Joke, and I hope
that other oities will see and take
note. Maybe we can teach Sam
Gompers and his crowd that he can
vote as he likes, but we reserve the
same rights. Next time we organise a polltjoal effort perhaps he
will not come along and throw a
monkey wrench into the machinery."
All candidates of the Farmer-
Labor Party were Indorsed and th*
meeting adjourtied, atter taking a
substantial collection for Tom
Mooney, whose Imprisonment was
strenuously denounced by Chairman
Short and other speakers.
The chairman declared he waa
going to vote for Debs—aa a protest against all that was done to
Mm and others during tne wir.
Boy it a union non.
For terms apply J. S. SMITH, 804 Fender Street Weil
0. B. V. Headquarters Phone Seymour 291 ;
Milwaukee—The total number of
cooks and stewards that have
actually left their vessels as a result of the strike order against the
Lake Carriers' Association is now
2,000, according to word received
by J. J. Kraus, local agent of the
marine cooks and stewards unlo>.i
from Buffalo headquarters. "There
ls a large number1 of boats under
way on the lakes, Kraus said, "and
the men on these vessels will swell
the number of actual strikers to
5,000, since every man will leave
his boat on arrival at port.""
Washington.—Advices from Cork
to the State Department say that
Joseph Murphy, one of the hunger
strikers dying in jail there, Is an
American citizen, having been born
In Lynn, Mass. He ls registered on
the jail roster as an American. No
Intimation of what the State Department would do about this wai
given out
10 Sub. Cards
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1 FBIDAT ....Septeniber IT, 1»3«
twelfth tear, no. »i THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  yanocuvb, a. a
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Settle—'Machinists Hope Lodge
No. 79, Is asking tha International
machinists' officers m to consider
Seattle when allotting money for
the purchase of machine shops to
he operated and managed by the
workers. Dispatches from Washington, D.C, to the effect that the
international had obtained control
of two Washington banks and was
buying outstanding mortgages and
notes of unfair concerns with a
view to unionizing these establishments, were the* subject of eager
discussion on the flgor of the local
SEATTLE—William Oordon, president of the Seattle Building
Tradea Council, has been released
from his offico ■■«■ the members of
that organization beausrho worked ae a paid campaign Oitoutive
for Col.. Roland H. Hartley, candidate for governor in the republican primaries. In working for the
republican organization Oordon was
working for labor's foes, according
to the charges. He was receiving
$69 a week from the Hartley organization.
Buy at a union store.
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EVENING CLOSES 7.30 to 9.30
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Other offices—Oltiwi, Toronto, Montre.1, Himllton, Winnipeg, Halifax, St.
John, in Cknada; New York Mid Wsihlnston, D. C , V.- a. A.
Four-Year Fight for Release of Members of
LW.W. Ended
Australian Labor Government Fulfills Promise
to Workers
(Speolal to B. C. Federatlonist.)
The four-year long flght that hu
been waged ln Australia for .the release of the 12 Imprisoned I. W. W.
men, who wert sent to jail at the
end of 191* on terms of imprisonment ranging from five to ftfteeu
years for arson, conspiracy, and
sedition, has ended at last In almost complete victory for the.men,
The jail doors have sung open for
ten.mer.i and at the tlm* of writing they are at liberty. Two remain in'jail still, though one may
be shortly released.
To get the hang, aa It were, of
the whole business It ie necessary
to recount briefly the circumstances of their Incarceration. During the war, the I. W. W. made
great headway fea Australia. Thetr
spokesmen denounced the war %a
a capitalistic effort and did all in
their power to discourage recruiting. Several of them were prosecuted for Interfering with recruiting and served short sentences In
jail. Thetr campaign against the
war was caroled on vigorously
from platform and by the aid of
literature. About the middle of
1916, the famous I. W. W. recruiting pamphlet waa issuod which called upon .'.'Capitalists, bank managers, parsons, priests, employers
of labor—Enlist. You are wanted
in the trenches. Workers, follow
yoyr masters," As a result of this,
Tom Barker, secretary of the
Sydney local of the I. VT. W. was
thrown in Jail. Then began an
agitation for the release of Barker.
Fight Conscription,
About this time the flrst conscription campaign started ln Australia. The I. W. W. threw their
weight behind the Labor Party to
flght it. The conscrlptlonlsts saw
they were losing ground, while the
I. Wt W.'s were holding meeting*
on trie Sydney Domain fully 100,-
-000 strong. The tide was setting tn
badly for the conscriptionists ahd
something had to be done to stop
the rot and try to carry conscription. AU at once a "discovery" was'
made of an attempt to burn down
Sydney. A dozen fires were discovered in the nfck of time ln largo
warehouses and business places. No
damage was done, but Instantly the
cry went up that the I. W. W. were
responsible for the burning. Raids
were made on their rooms and a
genefal round up followed. As a
result 12 went to jail, while numerous others were deported. At
this time also, the t W. W. was
declared an Illegal association—this
enabling the government to deport
the men.
The men sent to jail were: J. B,
King (well known in Vancouver)
5 years; G. Reeve, T. Olynn, Fetet
Larkin (a brother' of Jim-Larkln),
B. Becant, T. Moore, D. McPhei--
son, all 10 years; J. Hamilton, W.
Teen, W. Beatty, M. J. Fagtn, D.
Grant, 15 years. An appeal was
lodged, but beyond reducing the
sentences of one or two of the men
lt was no use. But from the onset
a powerful agitation was set on
foot by persons who believed the
men innocent and the victims of a
political plot to try .and swing conscription on the country. Happily
the conscription plot failed, as Ib
well known.
Some two years later, owing to
astounding evidenoe coming into
the hands of those    fighting    the
. Sale of the Stock of the
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Be Sure of the Address
Opposite ProTince Office Bjflj L. H. BROWN, Manager*
W. for the flrat Ume on September
for I; 1*11.
~~ In my opinion, he lied to tke police whea he told tbtyo that he was
not a member' of the X. W. W., and
(.he lied to the Jury when he Inform.
eji them that he only joined the I
W- W, la order to gather information for the police.
b"It le my conviction that he had
the   proposed
^_^^^^^__  that, after due oon-
■JdertUion of all the evidence available and the possibilities one 10
Juatlfled ta treating Mm u an accomplice.
,,.',, "I mutt, however, admit that, io
The unionise still kept np the ^ M ha la concerned, my conelu-
agftatlon for the men.    From one ,.jon jg not baaed upon proven fact*,
md of Australia to the other th# £ut upon inferences from facte and
men'e case a Royal Commission
wu seoured, but beyond whitewashing the polioe—atalnst whom
charges of bribery and corruption
were levelled—nothing was done.
It was, however, admitted at that
inquiry that the main evidence on
whloh the men were oonvlcted waa
the evidence of crooks, plmpa, liars,
perjurers and scoundrels who to
save their own skins had no "•■Kl*m knowledge of
tatlon In spinning a not around tM «... __., . t•, thl
I. W. W. men. This was shown ri mn' *"* l feeI th>
clearly ln the evidence that the
judge could come to no other con-'
elusion. Nevertheless the men]
were still kept in Jell.
flght was kept going. The Sydney
Trades and Labor Counoll appointed a special committee, collected
funds and waged an Incessant propaganda campaign for their release. Mr. H. E. Boote, the editor
of the "Australian Worker" threw
himself Into the flght, wrote
series of pamphlets on the case and
did muoh towards securlngthe release of the men. He waa aided by
Mr. E. E. Judd who. did the outside investigating work for the
Sydney Trades and Labor Council.
Indeed, it can be said,that the msn
owe their release, more than anything else, to the noble work performed by Judd and,Boote.
The Agitation became so strong
that the Labor Party was forced to
make lt a plank of their election
platform that, lf eleoted, they would
give, the men a fair and honest
trial The Labor Party was elected
and true to promise, a Royal Commission was granted. No looal
Judge could lye found to undertake
the Inquiry—^wouldn't _ would be
the better word—and Judge Ewing
was brought from Tasmania for
the purpose. He conducted aa Inquiry that will! long be remembered fn Australia as one of the most
searching that haa ever taken
place. To his credit be it said that
from the first' he saw the whole
fraud and exposed It in even better
manner than the attorney conducting the case for the men The manner ln which he raked police officers and Crown witnesses fore and
aft in the witness box was a
special feature of the commission
conducted by him.
Handed  Report In. .
The inquiry over', he handed his
report to the N. 8. . Government,
qn July. 29 last. It was a monumental document ln which he
scathingly criticised the manner In
which the evidence of pimps and
crooks were availed of to Seoul's
the conviction of the I. W. Tfr.
men. The most striking passages
of his,, report, which deserve to be
recorded, are. set out hereunder1. It
"Conspiracy to Burn,"
"I have come to the conclusion
that there was a conspiracy to set
on flre premises ln the dty of Sydney, and that some member's of the
I. W. W. were implicated, and possibly other who were not members
9* the I. W. W. Conviction la
brought to me upon this point by
the tetters written by Reeve, one
bf the aooused, from Fr'emantle, ln
Weet Australia, to Morgan, who
was then secretary of the Sydney
branch of that organisation.
"The letter contains repeated
references to 'sabotage,' and, ln addition, these significant words:
" 'Let us see to lt that the kittens
travel, and, Bryant and Mays is not
dead yet. Tell rebels to put on the
shoes and kick Uke hell, It's fc*h
time something was done, and
how's the time to do lt Motions
and philosophising are' not muoh
good; It's aetion that counts.'
"If these words, coupled with the
events whieh Afterwards occurred,
do riot bring conviction to the mind
\ ot any man as to thd existence of a
conspiracy to burn, I fall to understand the mental attitude of such
a* person. It convinces me, In the
light of what has since happened,
that Reeve and Morgan were concerned in that conspiracy, and that
Scully was the manufacturer of the
Instrument of destruction. In the
highest probability, the Goldsteins
were also Implicated, and If they
were not, I am convinced that they
knew all about lt; and I believe,
whether he was concerned ln lt or
not, McAlister also had full knowledge of it. I do not believe that
the great state of perturbation displayed by McAlister was the outcome of anything more moral than
the fear of discovery*
The Police Evidence.
"It was argued before me that
some of the attempts at flre by
their nature were shown to be efforts to manufacture evidenoe.   It
will mak. especial, reading for Van-fc °f„°."'""' *???■"-__&",'
couver uaiontots In view of th. tnetf f^ "•".'? • *"■* f"*' *" ""j.1
that.on. of the.Crown wltne.s^&J1'1.' _____^__Z&____
Ijbipn for such a serious accusation.
WJfUhe view I have formed of Scully
agd the Goldsteins, and in a lesser
fegrea ot McAlister, Is correct—
and I do not think that I differ
■branded by Judge -Ewing as a liar I
and perfjurer who became a steol]
pigeon for the police in order
secure hie release from a charge ori1
banknotaforgery—a   man   flamed I.. „.„„„..,„ ■ (ll   __   „„i„i-n   __*
Davie GoIdSteta..t?ll„r by fade, ■^H^^tJ^S.^S.^
at present in Vancouver, having
cleared-, from AustraUa twelvemonths ago by the steamer Princes.:
sen when the going got too hot
it^em, with the exception, perhaps,
,/>£ McAlister, from the opinion excesses by Mr. Justloe Street—
then these men were capable of Al-
--.. ,.—- »•= ey«»;B*M. *»« ""^Jjnost anything to serve their own
Here are the most interesting ex-« «£,, "[JA „"„,j „„* !,„,,.♦,,*„ ♦„
tracts from the report:   ■ »'     (
"When the Crown case was pre-; '>
sent6d  to the jury ln  November,1:
1916, the evidence of four witnes-f 'i
namely, Davis Goldstein, Louis'
The. evidence of these witnesses
waa properly placed before the
jury, and the presiding judge left
the jury to say whether, under all
the circumstances, these witnesses
were accomplices/but whether tmV
jury placed them ln this category
cannot now be ascertained. They
were admittedly police Informers.
"Since, the trial .It has been made
quite clear, by the evidence given
before.Mr. Justice Street, and (Uso
adduced before me, that the two
Goldsteins and Scully are persons
of suoh a character that they may
Justly be described as liar's and perjurers, and men who, whenever lt
served their own ends, and Irrespective of the* consequences to
other persons, would not hesitate
to He, whether upon oath or otherwise. It has to be borne ln mind
that these witnesses were not fully
known at the trial, and were not
presented to the Jury with the description which I have given them
—a description which Is now admitted upon all hands to be a fair
and proper one.
"The conviction of the.prisoners,
so far as the Cr'own ca«e was presented to the jury, had perforce to
depend to a very large extent In
one case exclusively, and in other
cases almost exclusively, upon the
evidence of these witnesses,
"So far as Davis Goldstein ls
concerned, thor'e can be no question whatever as to his dishonesty
and tha fact that hu committed
perjury in connection wtth the subject matter of this commission.
"As to Scully, there is no doubt
tn my mind that he, in certain ma
terlal matters, also'cbmmitted perjury, No more reliability can, to
my opinion, bo placed upon the
trustworthy.jess of Louis Goldstein
than upon that of his brothor and
Had the judge and the Crown
known what Is now known of these
men, and had the Jury been In
formed that the Crown was presenting to them witnesses who were
liars and perjurers, who would He
freely in and out of court to serve
their own purposes, I have very
little doubt that the Jury would not,
and ought not, to have believed
their statements unless they were
so strongly corroborated ln material particulars as to convince them
that these perjurers, notwlthstand'
Ing their character and contradictory, statements, were speaking the
"It must* also be borne in mind
that all these thr'ee persons had e
real interest In securing the conviction of the prisoners. They were
all three endeavoring to protect
themselves from prosecution,-ln the
case of Goldsteins in the note
forging case, and In the case of
Scully to secure Immunity from
prosecutions for complicity In the
alleged conspiracy. I am also satisfied that they expected to obtain
substantial rewards lf they pro
duced to the crown evidence of an
Incriminating nature against others.
"McAlister Lied."
"As to McAUstor, I believe, from
the material that has been placed
before me, some of whloh was
neither before "the Jury nor before
Mr, Justice Street, that he knew a
very great deal more about the
matter than originally appeared.
I do not believo his statement that
ho "became a member of tho I, W.
,end3,   and  would  not  hesitate  to
:''$e any steps ln the way of raak-
g evidence to incriminate others.
Opinion About Fires.
- ,...     ,    "It is particularly Instructive to
Goldeteln,   Scully,   and ■ M'Al*ter,«oni-v   " .......    •  .
Was given ln aupportof the otauW|We *• Manner ,n whioh *ftem*t»
made against the various accused,
to create fires were carrfed out
Take a few Instances. A flre burst
out in Foy'a shop, when it was full
of people; this fire was apparently
created after tho supposed manner
of the destructive fires, and by
means of similar materials.. Another flre occurred on the floor a
few yards from the entrance door.
Evfen If It had occurred in the middle of the night in a similar position, it would not have caused any
real damage. The departmental
manager kicked the burning waste
out into the street. On another occasion, a fire burst out in shopping
hours at a spot where linoleum was
stored; no doubt linoleum wlU burn
and probably burn readily, but lt
requires a substantial flre to start
It. Again, a fire was discovered in
another shop, created by like materials, in a oase of rifles, and on
another occasion amongst a lot of
axe handles.
Can anyone bolieve that these ao
tions were the work of persons de-
siring to burti premises down, prem
Ises in which quantities of Inflammable material were stored, and
where, tf a flre had really been desired, It could easily have been produced, and at' a time when the
premises were deserted?
"It is to be noted that all the
fires that had previously occurred
showed no such bungling, but were
clearly the efforts of mon who knew
their work. Thc evidence, on all
all occasions when this matter has
bcen the subject of inquiry, Is that
when flre-produoing material was
put in a building which It was Intended should be destroyed, thia
material was so pr'opared and wrapped as not to burst Into flames until hours after all persons had loft
the premises. _»-____—,
I am of the opinion that many of
the fires which have been brought
in evidence, and which occurred
in about the time when the Gold
steins turned Informers, were not
caused by tne same persons who
were responsible for the previous
\f\r.A, or at least with the same destructive intention, but that the object of these persons was to create
Uglippldon    and     make     evidence
£gillnst others.
,T1vThe upshot of the matter was
■timt the Judge found that the fol-
Jftwins wore unjustly convicted: J.
li.uiiiiion, B. Besant, T. Moore, D.
j^el'hcrson, W. Teen, M. J. Fagln.
He then found that the following
were guilty only on the charge of
I.fjtyiltlon, but had sufficiently expiated thetr offense: Tom Glynn,
!#0ter Larkin, W. Beatty, Donald
jQrant. He found that Charles
Jitii've, sentenced to 10 years, was
(.gftiilty and the sentenco was not ex-
et}Bslve. In the case of King, ho
•found that the sentence of five
years was greatly ln excoss of the
orime. King ls, however, sorvlng
another sentence of two years for
connection with the bank-note forgery case which Is commulative
on the I. W, W. sentence. It Is ex-
petced that he will be shortly released, however.'
The ten men Instanced above
were released on August 3, and
were given a royal welcome by the
trade unionists of Sydney. Two
days later they were given an official welcome by a tr'emondoua
crowd of citizens In the Sydney
Town HaU, at whloh speeches were
delivered by representative labor
men. The most affecting scene,
however, waa on the night of Au-
Should Asiatics
Be Allowed in
White Unions
By A
The very necessity for
this question indicates an inexcusable backwardness on the part of
the white workers, especially the
millworkers In B. C Should yon
ask the average white worker In
a mill why he ts not organised, he
will tell you that lt is useless for
the white millworkers to organise,
for there are too mvay Asiatics
employed in the mills, who would
scab on the white worker, should
they ever attempt by means of a
strike to enforce better conditions.
There ls no doubt that tliis would
happen, but the same thing would
also happen lf all the workers ln a
mill were white, and only a section
of them organised and struck for
better conditions without trying to
organise the others and get better
conditions for all; the other white
workers would scab on their brothers. However, so long as the white
workers allow thousands of unenlightened Asiatics to remain unorganised in this country, who might
be used at any time, ln their present unorganised state, to scab on
them, it ls useless for them to try
and get better working conditions,
* Capitalists, no matter whether
they are blaok, white or yellow,
combine against all workers when
lt comes to a question of protecting their profits, race prejudice
does not keep them' apart for the
Iron law of necessity compels them
to get together whether thsy like
It or not The same law, the law
of necessity, will compel all workers
to combine for self-preservation,
and unless the white workers In B.
C. want' to be entirely eliminated
from the mills in this provinoe,
they will have to take a lesson from
their masters and combine wtth
thetr fellow workers in tadustry,
Irrespective of race, color, craft or
Capital ls no respector of persons, the function of capital is to
make profit, and whether they like
lt or not, capitalists are compelled
to purchase labor power at the
cheapest price possible and as a
consequence, will employ whatever
kind of labor power is most profitable. They don't oare if tt is wrapped tn a white, black, brown or
yellow' cover, all they are after ls
The organized white workers In
the psst have been recreant In
thetr duty with reBpect to organising the Asiatic workers; they have
allowed the virus of race prejudice
to poison thetr minds. This has
divided the ranks of the workers
and allowed the Master Class to
exploit them the more easily.
Yes, fellow workers, Asiatic
workers should be encouraged fci
joining white unions for lt Is a
class problem, and not a race problem that confronts the white mill-
worker of B. C.
There ls no ■ Justifiable reason
why the white workers should continue to assist their employers to
get cheap labor, and lt will only be
when they have realized that lt Is
not a race , but a class problem
that confronts them, that they will
be Intelligent enough to secure for
themselves better working and living conditions.
The Asiatic workers ar'e Just as
keen In trying to get good wages
and working conditions as the
white workers, in faot In some
cases, more so; therefore, only
when the, white millworkers realize
that they are assisting In their own
exploitation by allowing this virus
of race prejudice to keep them
from from organizing on a class
basis, wtll they be able to overcome the problem of how to improve their working conditions.
Have   Hard   Job
Hands Says Chicago
Lubor It*
. (By The Federated Press)
Chicago—Intimations    in    New
Tork that the Gomper's machine ln
the A. F. of L. will seek to wipe out
the Chicago Federation of Labor,
Just as It wrecked the Central Fed.
orated Union 0f New Tork, are regarded   lightly   by  Labor   officials
"We have no fear of any such
action," says Edward Nockels, secretary of the Chicago Federation,
"Let's not cross that bridge till
we come to it," iaye Robert M.
Buck, editor of the New Majority,
organ of the Federation.
But anothor Laborlte, withholding hts name, says: "Doubtless the
Gompers crowd will try to crush
this Federation. It will follow It:
regular tactics—use the organizing
energies of the radicals to build up
a strong movement, and then kick
the ngKi'cfsfve ofies out. But let
the machine try It here, it will
find Inspiration for somo now cuos-
words In the effort."
Dunce Tonight,
Don't forget the dance and whist
drive tonight (Friday) in tlie Dominion Hall under the auspices of
the Women's Auxiliary of the O.
B, U. Whist 8 to 10, dancing from
9 to 1. Admission, gente, 50 cents;
ladles, 35 cents.
Loggers, Miners
and All Outdoor
Write ior our new Fall Oatategufc  It atWX ba mt pott-
paid as rtquttrt
All Shoes muled postpaid to any address in British i
Colombia at priees lower than average eity oharges.
Loggers,' Miners' hand-made Boots, union-made; mtde
in our own faotory by the best craftsmen in the eountry.
Specialising In this class of footwear for the past 15 yean.
Wood's Ltd.
819 Hutingi Streot VAHCOtmB, B. 0.
Auckland, N Z.—T. P., Williams,
publisher of the Westport Times,
has been cited to nhow why he
should not be held/ In contempt of
court for publishing articles advocating abolition of compulsory
training. Williams says he will
flght the case to the lost ditch, declaring he has a legal and moral
right to criticize the attemps to
fasten militarism permanently
upon New Zealand's people.
gust 3, when they wero released
from the Long Bay goat, near Sydney, and shook hands with their
friends, and when Teen, Larkin
and Glynn embraced thetr wives
and children after spending four
years ln goal. As the Australian
representative of the Fedorationist
clasped the hand of Donald Grant
when he walked from the prison
gates, Grant was as philosophical
as of old, pointing to the stars tn
the clear sky overhead, and remarking In the wojrds of Ingor-
hoII: "As I look, 'life longthens,
Joy deepens, love canopies the
earth; and over all ln the great
dome, shines the eternal star of human hope."
Ind..d ar. Hum Hannfactuio'.
BunplM IB etyiUlt
Fall Coats
The taUit modal, dlrwt ftom (he
But Reiultr T«lu», Ml. We
otter theee
.At th. rldtculni   prlc.   at   eait
IJ9.50 to dear.  OS A—y FipHtl   -,
$5 Down
And th. Iialano. on t.rnu arrannd
to .ult your conT.nt.no. Impart
our FaU Stook sad
B. C. Outfitting Go.
(Comer Homer Street) Phoae Say. 5SSI
Your Name Is flood Here for All the Oredit Tou Desire
Downie Sahitarium Ltd.
15th Floor Standard Bank
(Oor. Haatlnfi and Hfcbardi)
Phone: Ser.   SOS, Hlfb. llSOi
Downl. Sanitarium, Ltd.,
Vancouver, B. C. •
Car Sirs:
Kindly aco.pt thl. testimonial.
I otter lt In tha hope that soma unfortunate sufferer -
may be saved by Dr. Downia's course of treatment,
Vor several years I was under treatment by prominent
physicians In Canada and tha United States for Goitre
and other complications. Under their adrlca I lived alto*
s.thar on a milk diet for months, but continually srow
worse. Then they advised a very serious and costly opera- ■'
tlon. By this time I had become so weak that survlvliif
the operation was very doubtful. About a year ago I oom-.
menced a two months' treatment with Dr. Downle. I besM
to Improve at once and am completely restored to health
Without an operation or tha uso of medicine. ■
Yours sincerely,
S/RS.H-U w.
Wa have many othen along different linos.  Ton owe It to
younelf to gat the best^-eane, sure, safe, scfcmuio swvloe—and
wo have that to give. No knife, drags or pain.
HVe are of no use oo
But'lf you are alive       I
The 1 M.T, 1 Loggers' Boot
Mull otdtri pmoully itttodtt te
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks 'and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Succcasure to H. VOS A BON
Nut Door to Loggers' Hall
Phene Seymour SSS Repairs Done While Ton Walt
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bully, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
tt Bastings Straet Bast 728 Oranrllla Stmt
Seymou 98B-S7S Seymou HU
Have You Seen Our Display of
Union-Made Footwear? ,
W. sr. miking » special display of Ontoo-Mul, footwnr this wttk thst
wonld b. worth yoar whllt to H*.
lo sun sad m lo in m Utwl irhin yon in buying f«Mwr,
wi obamviuji nun
twelfth year. no. st     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     tancobvbr, b. o.
WHDAT.,.—..„.BepteroJi«r 17, Ml
Boys'  Sept., Second Floor
Clothing Prices
Everybody wants to know about Clothing prices
for Fall—that's only natural. Clothes arc a necessity. Every man wears 'em, and he don't want to
pay any more than he has to pay for them. Costs
have advanced in every way—transportation,
weaving and manufacturing. But there's one
thing we ean and will do for our customers—concentrate our knowledge of market conditions and
our tremendous buying power to buy for less;
then sell at the closest margin ever attempted.
The result is wonderful values. Our Suits ahd
Overcoats selling at $37.50 are concrete evidence.
$25 930 935 $45 955 TO $75
Hart Schaffner and Marx Clothes .
Copyright 1920 Hart Schaflher & Man
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store
For Men and Boys
Dance Tonight
Don't forget the dance and whist
drlro tonight (Friday) in the Do.
minion Hall under thc auspices oi
the Women's Auxiliary of the- O.
B. V. Whist S to 10, dancing from
S to 1. Admission, gents, 50 cents;
ladles, 15 cents.
Pete Berto and A. G. Moreno
have taken over the
Corner of Cambie and Oordova
and welcome their old friends.
Warm, comfortable rooms, hot
and cold water, steam heat, flrst
olass bar, excellent cabaret entertainment every night.
H. Walton
Ipeelallit  Ib   Electrical   Treatments,
Violet  Ray tnd  High  Frequency for
Bheuinatiam,  Sciatica,  Lumbajo,  Par*
ftlyali,  Hair   Md   Bcalp   Treatment!,
Cfcronlc Allmenti. '
Phona Stymour 3048
, 191 Haitingi gtrttt Wut.
<or~ criM^fr toga
No Coal Means More
Trouble in Europe
(Continued from page 1)
uied to meet In October. At about
the same time, there wtll be a meeting 0t the financiers ot the world—
to re-establish a stable basis for
exchange; to get the supplies of the
world's raw materials rationed (or
the time of the present crisis; to
stave off thc bankruptcy that seems
to he threatening, at least one of
the great powers of Europe.
In every quarter there ore the
rumors of economic trouble. On
every page of the papers one finds
the difficulties In the great Industrial centres played up. There ls
not so much sign of revolution as
of disintegration. As the French
put it—"The old machine will not
march any longer."
If Poland will curb her imperial
ambitions; lf the miners in Slllcia ■
and the Ruhr will go to work and
stay at work; lf the Bolsheviks will
stop their propaganda; if the British miners and the newly constituted Committees of Actiovi will re.
main quiet; lf the Italian Socialists
wlU give the government a breathing spell, ahd lf Messrs. Lloyd
Oeorge Millerland and Glolittl
succeed In keeping the bankers in
their respective ■ countries at arms
length, there Is some chance to
meet the interest payments on the
war debts and to persuade the people of Central and Western Europe
that better' days are ahead. Otherwise there is every Indication that
European capitalism will pass rap-
Idly into the Kerensky stage of the
Hussion revolution.
Victorious Attack on
Woodsworth and Ivens
(Continued from pago 1)
their great life work in doing ao.
If the men who are so far ahead
that they can't hear the band play,
and some* other reactionaries In
our own movement would come
forward we have a chance to do
something for the working class of
Farmilo joined Varley ln his denunciation. (
We've heard remarks that these
men sacrificed their' positions," he
said. "Experience ls the chief
teacher. Whilst Mr. Woodsworth
and the other Reverend gentlemen
may be men of genuine character
and sincere in thetr efforts to assist labor, experience and facts are
the ones that count. It was my
experience to have to go into various local 'unions and work against
the Instduous propaganda of some
of these gentlemen for another organization, particularly the One
Rig Union.
"We must expose these things.
Immediately after the trials In
Winnipeg, the city of Edmonton
was visited by Rev. J. S. Woods-
worth, who holds a cai'd in the
Longshoremen's Union. He did
advocate tilings in the local movement which has cost the Trade
Union movement thousands of dollars to bring us back to a stable
condition. The only part I can see
these men can fairly take, is to get
Into a movement tn which, they
take such Interest.
"The central bodies of the Labor
Party in the west are used'to fur
ther a dual movement. So long as
these gentlemen are prepared to go
out and destroy that organization
through which I must negotiate my
immediately for my family, I must
oppose thom. i think they are
enemies to us so long as they hold
to the stand they do."
Continuation of debate in which
Varley and Farmtllo attacked
Woodsworth and the western sections of the Dominion Labor Party,
occupied only a short time Wodnesday, although Ernest Roblnsoi,
secretary of the American Federation Winnipeg Trades and Labor
Council, sat as a delegate nnd. he >rd
Woodsworth, Iyena and Smith condemned, he made no effort to defend them, although lie knew hh h
reader of the Western Labor News
of Winnipeg, that the American
Federation official paper carried a
weekly sermon by Woodsworth.
Stage Set For New
War at 8 Per Cent
' (Continued from page 1)
A fill llu ef.
Sew ran Holt,
aad Or.reo.ti. ,t
plMtlng prio.
vent* en cridlt
Invite You to View
The Authentic
Autumn Styles
Introducing unptrtlleted new crentloni
of extreme ftnclnttion; personifying, ti
they do, the eiience of youth, thene tuiper-
Jitlvely modish SUITS, COATS. AND
DRENHKN represent fulilon'i newest and
IHnst accept-d dictttes, reflecting Ihe
many varied versions of thu approved
styles. A deft blending of materials and
ornamentations completes tho superb
beauty of etch model.
> See them and satisfy yourself thtt tbe
enlhuiltun of art existent In theie Ptrls-
Ud nd Ntw York fath Inn -makers has
found t full tnd fitting expression In this
Tkt most important ptrt of our iqessago
la to inform you that you csn acquire
thai* lovely garments by paying t small
deposit tnd deferred payments for the
smart apparel for
boya tnd girls of
til if ti can bt
obtained here on
lia HASTINGS STiil^T \\ __}__•
Soymour 1161
Writer in Blackwoods Magazine Says Foch's
Plans Known
(By the Federated Press)
London, Eng.—Charges that .the
end of the war was delayed for
months by the treachery of British
Field Marshal Haig and Str William
Robertson, are made In an amazing
article in Blackwood's Magazine,
written by Captain Wright, formerly assistant secretary of the British
Supreme War Council.
Robertson was chief of the British general staff. He and Haig were
jealous of Marshal Foch in his capacity of supreme commander, and
opposed Foch at every turn, Wright
declares. They scouted his plan for
a general reserve, which was the
backbone of tlie operations that Anally achieved victory. .Foch's
scheme included an advance of the
whole Allied line .operating as one
front from France to Italy.
This plan was formulated early In
February, 1918. • Robertson waB
then ln charge of the British war
ofllce. On Feb. 11, the London
Morning Post, reputed voice of the
war office, published a detailed account of the plan. . Thus the whole
programme of the Allies was made
known to the German commanders.
Oeneral Gough's fifth army was
destroyed because of the plotting by
Haig and Robertson ,it ts alleged by
Sensational Charges Are
Made By G. R. Hughes
(Continued from pago 1)
Forum Meeting Wedneaday.
There will be a meeting of the
Open Forum in the O. B. U. headquarters, corner of Pender and
Howe streets on Wednesday night,
September the 22nd, commencing
at 8 p.m.   Open discussion.
Be sure to notify the post office
as soon as you change your address.
three people died for every two persons born.
By 1945, when the loan matures,
where will the French population
France Ib a dying country, but
before* she dies, she will pay the
The loan will be paid by future
wars of aggression by France, it
was made necessary by ^tho previous war of Jealousy, The Anglo-
French war loan of 1500,000,000
ls due October 15, and America has
insisted upon settlement. Frunce's
share Is $250,000,000 and the new
loan thus meets not even half.
Gold ls now arriving in the United
States to pay that part of the
Anglo-French loan which is not
met by the new Morgan loan. The
bankers say that much of the $80,-
000,000 which Is arriving la Russian gold. So thc United States is
the latest recipient of "Bolshevik
At Brent Litovsk the Oerman
brigands took thut gold and promised to spare Russia's life.
At Versailles tho allied brigands
ordered the German brigands to
hnnd over the Russian gold, and
made no promises about sparing
Germany's life
Now France,'which hns been custodian of the boodle, turns it over
to the American brigands. And
the American brigands don't care
a hang whether Russia or Germnny
or France live or die. They have
the gold, and they will get their 8
per cent.
Taxed to thc Limit.
Jean Parmentier and Maurise
Casenave, Franco's financial envoys who have been In New York
arranging for thc loan, have studiously refrained ln their newspaper
Interviews from mentioning Russia,
Poland or Germany, Instead they
have talked enthusiastically of the
industrial revival of France since
the war, and of thetr ability to tax
the people.
France wtll extract 20,000,000,000
francq from her people In taxation
this year'—five times thc amount
tn 1918. The French citizen Is now
bearing an annual, tax of $90
compared to $50 by the American
citizen—he ts taxed down to the
last puff- of his cigarette and the
last rattle ln his throat. And three
productivo years of his youth he
must spend in thc army.
J, P. Morgn*n and Company, In
giving the various reasons for' rely
ing on France's ability to repay the
loan, says that already 160,000
cubic yards of trenches have bcen
filled tn. In those tVen^hes Is
buried France's manpower,
m 1918 two people died In France
,for  every  person   born.    In   1919
The New
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YOU, who are seeking refinement in
durable clothing, will at
once approve the snappier lines and smartness
of these suits.
Their modish design
and perfect fit quickly
appeals to these men
who take care in being
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You will here find
these models in all thq
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Thos. Foster & Co.
One Storo Only
Dominion of Canada
Province of British Columbia! City and County
of Victoria
To Wit
In the Matter of the Creditors
Trust Deeds Aet
In the matter of an Assignment
thereunder by Griffith E. Hughes
to David Leeming and Bon. Eli
Harrison, Trustees.
I, Griffith B. Hughes of 724 Esquimau Road in the City of
Victoria, British Columbia, Accountant, do solemnly declare
1. During the period.between January 31st, 1910, and'January 31st, 1920, I acted as Accountant and Auditor for the
Spencer Corporation, namely:—
(a) David Spencer (Victoria) Limited:
(b) David Spencer (Vancouver) Limited.
(c) David Spencer (Nanaimo) Limited.
(d) Spencer's Meat Department Limited.
2. During all of said periods under order and direction of the
Directors of the said Company the real profit of eaeh of said
companies was ascertained in each year and arbitrary entries
were made, and a ficitipus and reduced profit waa fixed and
shown in the Company records, so as to prevent recovery and
collection by the Crown in right of the Province of British Columbia, and the Crown in the right of the Dominion of Canada
of taxes, properly and lawfully payable to the Crown thereby
defrauding His Majesty in right of His Dominion of Canada and
His Province of British Columbia.
3. That the amounts involved are large and the injury to
His Majesty very great; involving several hundred thousand
dollars; tbe difference during the year ending January 31st,
1918, between the true and the false, being summarized as follows:—   '       '
Profit and loss Account for Year ending January 31st, 1918.
As shown in Correct Profit and
Loss Account $226,456.68 .
As reported to Provincial Government   40,192.93
As shown in Correct Profit and
Loss Account $323,210.55
As reported to Provincial Government    6,608.06
4. In view of the fact that I was actively 'employed in and
about the matters aforesaid, under order and direction of the
said Directors, I am advised by counsel learned in the law and
verily believe that my assets are to some extent necessarily now
to bc ascertained chargable with reimbursement and repayment
to His Majesty in respect of the matters above mentioned.
5. .That I offer to submit to the taking of every necessary
account and thc fixing of thc amount of reimbursement and repayment in the course of the administration of my assignment
in the matter whereof this assignment is made.
•And I make this.solemn declaration conscientiously believing
the same to be true and knowing that it is of the same force
M_ effect as if made under oath and by virtue of the "Canada
Evidence Act."
City of Victoria, in the Province I (Signed)
of British Columbia, this 7th f    GRIFFITH R, HUGHES.
day of September, A. D. 1920.    I
Signed) H. H. SHANDLEY.
» A Notary Public in and for the Province of British Columbia.
Poland   Is   Backed   By
France Declares Russian War Minister
Used Funds for Restoration Against Soviet
(Editor's Note—Thla authentic
Interview with Trotsky, whloh escaped the censorship, Is timely In
view of the concerted effort of the
big newspapers' and press associations to play all news these days in
favor of the Polish Imperialists, In
line with the serious business of
floating the new French loan.)
(By a Staff Correspondent of the
London Herald and the Federated
Moscow, Aug. 18.—(Delayed)—
In an Interview with me, War Minister Trotsky stated that he had definite proof that the Poles had no
Intention of making peace. He recounted again how the Soviet and
the Poles agreed that negotiations
for peace and armistice should
commence on July 30, how the Pole
delegation arrived on August 1st,
without powers to do so, and refused   to  wireless  to Warsaw   for
"Nothing gets in
but the air"
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them, but returned, how.nothi'ng
more was heard from Waraaw till
August 7, when It ♦as arranged
that the meeting should take place
on the 8th.
No  Delegates.
"At the appointed hour," he said,
"the member of the military command, Platakoff, was present on the
Sledlltz road as agreed. Having
waited for an hour and a half,
Comrade Platakoff wanted to return, but a Polish officer offered to
go to Sledlttz to seek the delegation. Next day the officer returned
declaring that he was unable to
discover the delegation.
"The same morning Platakoff
sent out an automobile, but no delegation was found. Later on the
same day, the Red army took Sledlltz, found the Polish peace delegation, and sent It to Minsk.
"Obviously; Poland avoided a
meeting. The Polish policy seems
to consist In compelling us to occupy Warsaw, which latter event
must, tn the opinion of Poland and
all who,*back her, create a favorable situation for entente military
"Then the Polish government
will talk about our annexionlst and
imperialist Intentions, tn order to
create pretexes for intervention.
Power Behind Poles.
"It is quite obvious that the Polish government would not have
ventured such a hazardous provocation hud It not behind it at least
one great power. It Is not difficult to flnd out which. It ts not
England, whose governmont, for
reasons we shall not discuss, takes
an interest In coming to terms with
Russia. Behind White Poland's
back stands France.
"The French government will by
no means allow the establishment
of peaceful relations by Soviet Russia with Poland and with other
countries, for it would unavoidably
lead to the fall of the present
French government, the most blind,
most covetous, and most dishonest
of all the world's governments.    "*
"The French government has nothing to lose. Recently the French
parliament made a discovery that
four billions, allocated to the restoration of France's northern departments were spent for Russia's
"The French government- resembles a gambler who, once a
loser, repeatedly doubles the stakes
ln the hope of winning back all,
"Millerand and Foch, Infringing
all obligations and scorning the la&\
remnants of decency, freight with
seaplanes for Wrangel ships destined for the repatriation of war
prisoners. These gentlemen, however, play too fool a game.
"We, before the tolling masses of
all countries, Poland's and France's
first of all, declare that Russia desires peace on the basis of (1) full
Integrity of Poland, and (2) of serious guarantees that Poland will
not once more become a military
instrument of-the French plutocracy.
"The Polish government would
long ago have consented to peace
but for France, France desires no
peace. France is willing to draw
the French people Into war with
Soviet Russia. Let the workers of
France know It. Let them restrain
their government,"
Hand the Fed. to your ihopmate
when vou are through with It.
It Isn't the flash of the flrst two
rounds of freshness that counts.
Shoes may look good on your introduction to them; In the pink
of Condition, flt for tho route
but   they  may  only  LOOK  It.
What they do when you
get Into them;  how they
itand the gruelling
of    wear    le   the
point.    Our   shoes
are   built  for  any
route and all sorts
of feet.   They have
the   u n a tt o c t ed
punch of real style,
quality, workmanship and a flt that stays right through to tha
Cornett Bros. & Clarke Ltd.
Government  Fighting  tho   Trade
Union Movement,    Striken
Brussels, Belgium—At the annual convention of .the Belgium
Trad; Union Federation the government was called upon to remove restrictions against workers
who would' strike to improve conditions.
The workers are demanding the
same liberty against enforced labor
that Belgium people demanded
when the Germans Invaded this
Legally Belgium workers have
the right t0 strike, but judicial decisions have reached the point
where strikers are penalized as violators of "liberty to labor.'' The
government promised to remove
theae restrictions, .but as yet has
failed to do io.
PARIS, Fra'nce.—The French
wholesale co-operative society has
done business this yenr to the
amount of over1 150,900,000 francs.
In 1914 the business totaled 18,000,-
000 francs, in Doual the co-ops.
reduced the price of foodstuffs 33
per cent, much to the disgust of
profiteers and to the joy of wage
What about renewing your sub?
Acquires the Larges Fishing FI*
In the World under On*
Manchester, England—With the
purchase from the British goveri
ment of 300 steam trawlers, th
Mine Sweepers' Co-operative soolet
has acquired the largest Ashing f
In the World under one manage
ment. The boats were built fo]
naval service during the war, an.
the co-ops, wilt pay for them dur
tng the next 20 years. It Is pro
posed to operate the fleet on eo
operative lines, from coaling an<
storing the vessels to selling th.
flsh, principally to members of thi
British co-op. movement. The »i
uired capital of $10,000,000 Is belnj
subscribed by the co-op. societies
When asked for Information ol
the reported seizure of factories bj
workers In northern Italy, the Ita*
Hun ambassador, Baron Avezzana
"In consequence of a shortage oi
raw materials, lack of coal and
high cost of labor the metallurgical
Industries decided to effect a lock*
out. Following this decision thi
worker's seized the factories ai
Milan, Turin and Genoa ln order t<
prevent the lockout and to operali
the factories directly."
A complete change from the present capitalist system
of production and distribution to one of co-operative production and distribution is the goal to which all the progressive workers of the world are striving.
The capitalist class are opposing this with every means
in their power. This class is fed, financed and placed in
power by the working class who produce the wealth of
the world. This class would starve and lose ifs'power if
the workers would turn their attention to building up
their own institutions.
Working class institutions are already in existence and
are being supported by millions.
Workers own and control them.
Worken are obtaining their food supplies through
Workers are placing their savings in them instead of
in private banks.
Worken are realizing that capitalist banks use their
funds to fight the worken.   _ ■
Workers are realizing that profiteers exist only through
and by the consent of the worken. •   r«B *
Workers are also realizing that Big Business dictates,
the policy of all governmental forces.     »•'
If you, as a worker, are in favor of a complete change,
you can hasten it along by joining the co-operative movement in your locality.
Buy your foodstuffs from it. Put your savings in it.
Get squarely behind it and boost the Co-operative Commonwealth.
Co-operative Stores
ti ami it Pender W. Phone Soy. 4*.1
USB Fraeir 81.  Phono Fraaer 367
IIS Flnt St. E. Phone 8*1
ae Eighth si. Phono I5»2
Clark St., next to Roynl Bank
$30 to $50


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