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The British Columbia Federationist Jun 7, 1918

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Array ——'
THE
INDUSTBIAX UNITT: 8TBBNQTH
TENTH YEAR.. No. 23
5«8  ms ')
COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB:   VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
'      VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 7,1918
POLITICAL UNITT:   VIOTOB1
Agreement Signed Monday
Midnight—All Men to
Be Reinstated
Retroactive Pay to Be Paid
From  February  1st
Within 30 Days
Tho shipyard strike is now history,
and the mon, with the exception of tho
boilermakers, returned to work on Tuesday morning.
The Boilermakers were, however,
ready to return to work in the plants
complying with the terms accepted by
i the Coughlan yard, and returned to
work in all plants on Wednesday morning, on the understanding thnt in tho
V event of no now negotiations being
opened up ns to wagos by the Boilermakers before August 1, that they
would automatically adopt the agreement drawn up by the Metal TradeB
council, and which was the basis of the
settlement of thc strike.
The decision to accept thc agreement
which had to bo drawn up, for the increase ratification, was takon up at tho
maBB meeting in thc Horse Show building on Monday afternoon, at which
meeting the representatives of tho men
gavo their report of the negotiations,
and presented tho draft agreement.
Mass Meeting
The meeting was culled to order at 3
p.m., by Vice-president Nightsoalcs, of
tho Vnncouver Metjil Trades council,
Business Agent MeCullum and J. Dakers, president of tho Victoria Metal
Trades eoancil, arrived at a later stage
of tho proceedings, they having been in
Victoria over thc week-end ,ond returned by tho G. T. P. boat on Monday
afternoon.
In calling thc meeting to order, Vice-
president NightBcnlcs outlined the purposes for which thc meeting was called,
and then culled on A. Watchman, genoral organizer for the U. B. Carpentors,
to read tho draft agreement.
Organizor Watchman stated that tho
agreement as apponring in the Sun was
a fairly nccurato copy, but he wished
the membors to listen carefully to tho
agreement as it was read.
Ho then rend the agreement, which iB
as follows:
Working rules nnd ratoB of pay gov
erning the operations of shipbuilding
nnd allied manufacturing plants in tho
province of British Columbin ns from
Juno 1, 1918, are us follows:
Shop Rules
1. Eight hours shall constitute a regular day's or night's work, and 48
hours shnll constitute a regular week's
work.
2. AU time worked over eight houra
will be considered ovortime and be paid
for at the rato of double timo until
workman is relieved. Sundnys and Dominion holidays, including the following, New Year's Dny, Good Friday, Victoria Day, Dominion Day, Labor Day,
Thanksgiving Day nnd Saturday aftor-
noons will bo paid for nt tho rate of
double timo. Under no circumstnnces
shnll any work bo performed on Lnbor
Day, except to preserve life or proporty.
3. Whero second and third shifts are
worked, the employer will allow thirty
minutes for moals in each of these
shifts. Where a double shift is worked
double timo will bo pnid if tho job does
not Inst longer than three nights.
4. Should a mnn bo working during
tho day then bo transferred to a night
shift, ho shnll receive the regulnr rate
of overtime for tho first night.
5. Mon sent to work outside eity
will receive first-class transportation,
board nnd wnges while travelling and
an allowance of $2.50 per day for board
while working or wniting.
6. If a mnn has worked all dny and
is requested to travel at night, he shall
receive thc regular day's pny. Sleeping accommodation not being provided,
xthe overtime rate shall prevail.
7. Thc employees in ench craft or
calling in n Bhop or yard shnll have
the right lo select three of Iheir numbor to represent them us members of
tho shop committee. Each momber of
thiB committee shall bo chosen by majority vote in such manner as the employees Bhall direct, Thc chairman of
ench crnft committeo shall be n member of the joint shop committee.
8. Any .committeeman nppointed in
tho miuiner provided in the preceding
clause who Bhall be found to huve been
discharged without just and sufficient
cause after due investigation in the
manner heroin provided for the adjustment of grievances shnll bo reinstated
with full pay for ell time lost.
9. It Ib agreed that all work done in
city districts and adjoining municipalities where it becomes necessary for a
workman to truvel from shop to job
and job to Bhop, said travelling to be
in the company's time nnd carfare to
be supplied.
10. All grievances which arise/Mil
any shop or yard shnll bo given consideration as follows:
(a) All complnints and grievances to
be adjusted by the foremnn in charge
if possible.
(b) When such ndjustment cannot be
mndo between the foreman and the
mon directly interested, the matter will
be tnken up by the company direct and
the shop committees representing the
craft having tho grievances, nnd they
f   shall endeavor to reach a mutual understanding.
(c) If tho mntter cannot be adjusted
by the shop committee nnd tha employer, the shop committoe may call in to
conferonco with the employer a representative chosen by the committee.
(d) In the event of an adjustment
of saeh grievance not being reached
under the provisions of the foregoing
clauses, then the matter shall bo referred to tho adjuster, whose decision
shall be final, and in the meantime
thoro will be no lockout on thc part of
the compnny or strike on the part of
the men.
11. All employees shall be paid at
lenst evory two weeks nnd arrangements shall bo made to pay in cash.
(Continued on Page 4)
a. flBBor ABLAN
liiflfnenH X_mt[   3   fnver Civic Employ*
with   hcadqic * 3     at    Labor   Tomple
IT
STRII i BREAKERS
Returned Men in Meeting
Deprecate Action bf
Some Members   *
In view of thc press comments, nnd
the universal interest raised by thom
as to the returned soldiers being used
as strike-breakers, the following report
of the meoting of returned soldiers, held
iu the Imperinl theatre on Friday, May
3.1, will bo of intorest to all readers of
The Federationist,
Tho meeting was called primarily
through the initiative of Major Monk
of Victoria, purely from patriotic motives, to persuade returned men "if
possible" to replace strikers in tho
shipyards, etc..
The bait did not take, howover. The
boys interpreted Major Monk's pure
patriotism as scabbing, therefore, nothing doing.
Jimmie Robinson was in thc chair,
and Major Monk spoke lirst, und be
was severely heckled and booed, this
too in face of the fact that he was (in
the, pust) a major.
T. A. Barnard followed, and denounced all attempts to use the returned mon
as strike-breakers, and laying all the
blame for the trouble ou the Imperial
Munitions board.
This electrified the boys, who cheered
ngain and ngnin. The next speaker,
Sam Gothard, coudemned in trenchant
terms any move to use tho boys as
strike-breakers, und appealed to tho returned rtien not to n.ionuTfc !,he sympathy of labor, but rnther to court it,
pointing out that they must go hand in
hand with labor to fight the common
foo "the master clasB.
Comrade Berry of Vietoria, said a
few words (amidst a storm of1 interruptions) in support of the (gallant major).'
A resolution was introduced amidst
enthusiastic cheers, which reads as follows:
"That this mass meeting of returned
men go on record ns being absolutely
opposed to returned soldierB being used
or acting in any way aB strike-break-
STREETRAILWAYMEN
Reserve the Right to Take
Action If Conciliation Not
Over by July 1st
Warehousemen Oet More Support.
New developments took place Thursday afternoon when all members of thc
Teamsters' union working for produce
houses on Water street, with the exception of Chess Bros., were called out
in sympathy with the warehousemen.
This step was taken -so as to avoid
handling goods of the struck firm. Tho
freight handlers of the C. P. B. also
got into the game Thursdny morning
and refused to handle any of the products.
SUNDAY CONCERT A
CREDIT TO ITS
Programme Finely Varied
and All Artists Geher-
ously Encored
Federated Labor Party and
Firemen's Union Help
Bereaved Families
The Vancouver branch of the Federated Labor Party not only pulled off
a big publicity deal, but stepped into
the breach to help the bereaved and
needy fnmilica left behind by members of the Firemen's union who wero
recently killed in the city, when it arranged nnd organized last Sunday's
concert at the Orpheum in conjunction
with the Firemen's union.
The main floor and the balcony of
the orpheum were crowded and the gallery was more than half filled. The
programme was varied and so well
appreciated that every number was
encored. The Musicians' union directed the programme. Members of
tho Teamsters' union and the Stage
Employoes' union also assisted in the
programme and thc organizations in
charge appreciate the holp given by the
above unions ami tho following firms:
Walter Evans & Co., MesBrs. Cnllopy-
Holland, Cowan & Brookhouse and A.
H. Timms for priating gratuous programmes, tickets and advertising cards,
and to the Great Northern Transfer
company for transfer work.
Tho theatre had beon generously
loaned gratis by Mr. Martin Beck on
the recommendation of Mr. .Tames Pilling, manager of the Orpheum, nnd all
the artists gave their services, in nddi-
tion to the theatre attaches.
T. J. Coughlin of Railway
Trainmen, for Men; C. J.'
Franklin for Company
On Thursday, May the 30th, the B. C.
Electric Bailway company notified tho
Street nnd Electric Railway Employees'
union that they had applied for a board
of conciliation under tho Industrial Disputes Investigation Act.
Joint Committee Meet
Immediately on receipt of this information, the joint committoe of the throe
divisions, viz., Vnncouvor, Victoria and
New Westminster, met to consider the
situation, the joint committee is as follows: »
Chairman, W. H, Cotterill, president
Vancouver division.
Secretary, A. V. Lofting, secretary of
thc Vancouver division.
F. A. Hoover, business agont, Vancouver.
T. Nock, president Victoria division,
and B. Goodfield, Victoria.
F, Ray, president New Westminster
division, and W. Yates, business agont,
Now Westminster.
It was decided that meetings, should
bc held in each of the three divisions,
and as a result, the following was.sub-
milted through T. D. Bulger, Dominion
fair wnge officer, to tho ministor of
Labor, as being the only conditions under which the men would be willing to
take part in thc conciliation proceedings, and a great deal of reluctance was
displayed by tho men at having anything to do with the board nt all.
Position of Men
That they would appoint a representative to act on their behalf on a conciliation board, but having presented a
proposed agreement to the B. C. Electric Railway Co. on May 14, 1918, bo
that ample time would be given to conclude any negotiations by June 30, the
date of the expiration of the present
agreemont, thoy men contend that they
arc justified, after that date, in tnking
such action in their endeavors to negotiate a new ngreement as thoy may
deem the situation warrants. A copy
of the resolution was forwarded to the
Electrical Workors' union, ob the two
organizations are working together.
Men's Representative
Fair Wngo Officer Bulger also* submitted the nnme of tho men's representative on thc board, they having chosen
T. J. Coughlin of tho Brotherhood of
Railway Trainmen, who has consented
to net ns their represontntive.
Company's Representative
C. F, Franklin hns been chosen by
the compnny as thoir representative.
It is oxpectod that the sittings will
eomfcenco enrly in the coming week in
order that tho men will know their
position prior to thc end of the month.
That the demands of the men are
legitimate .110 one will deny, nnd if tho
increased cost of living is to be the
basis of thc award that may bo rendered by the board, tho mon will receive at least the rates asked for.
The cost, of living may rise without
any noise, and without any negotiations
between thc seller and thc purchaser,
and tho men having had a taste of investigations under the Industrial Disputes Act in thc past, With its tedious
delays, -arc evidently of the opinion that
in this case at least tho question needs
very little investigation.
ANNUAL MEETING OF
THE FED. SHAREHOLDERS
Audit  Report  Adopted  and  Officers
Elected—V. R. Midgley Is
the New President
The annual meeting of The B. C.
Federationist, Limited, was held in the
Labor Temple on Monday ovening laBt,
the Federation of Labor being represented by itB trustees, Messrs. Wells
and McCallum, and the Trades and
Labor council by members of the executive board.
The financial report for 18 months
ending Dec. 31, 1017, as prepared by
Crchan, Mouat & Co., chartered accountants, was presented and showed a profit of $2,457.04 for the period. Tho report was adopted.
Messrs. Wells, McCallum, MoVety,
Mldgley and Knowles wore elected as
directors, the latter two being new
members replacing Mr. Pettipiece and
•Tas. Campbell, whose resignation as presidont, a position h» has filled sinco the
organization of the company, was accepted with regret. * /
At a subsequent meeting of the board
Mr, Midgley was elected president, and
Mr. McVety ob socretary-treasurer, a
position ho has held since the company
was organized.
Mr. A. S. Wells, secretary-treasurer of
the B. C. Federution of Labor, has
taken over the management of the
paper, which will, of course, necessitate his removal from the "Evergreen
City" to Vancouvor. If the cenBor
and aathorities/fttill follow tho "Monroe doctrine," the bonrd aims to maintain and if possiblo improve the high
standard ol* the paper among labor
publications.
DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LABOR VISITS SLOOAN
Medical Aid and Hospital Arrangements
the Cause of Trouble in
Slocan District
Mr. J. D. McNiven, deputy minister
of Labor, besides attending to the Civic
Employees' trouble in Kamloops, will
endeavor to adjust tho trouble between
the employers and thc employees in the
Slocan mining regions, which has arisen
out of the medical aid and hospital arrangements in that district,'while in the
interior. He left Vancouver on Wednesday.
p.'l. p. meeting at
rex theatre sunday
(I»  VUMlWl
oity. n,oo ;
$1.50 PER YEAB
CITY COUNCIL AT
IS
Refuses to Deal With Union
Recently Formed in
That City
Deputy Minister of Labor to
Try and Reach a
Settlement
April the 23rd of this year aaw the
Kamloops Civic Employees organized,
and chartered by the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada. Shortly! after this
thoy affiliated with the B. O. Federation
of Labor.
Like all other workers, the employees
of the city of Kamloops are feeling tho
effects of the ever-increasing cost of
living, and on the 23rd of May they
wrote to tho civic fathers requesting
that their organization be recognized,
and that a committee of the council be
appointed to meet a committee of the
mon with tho view of an adjustment of
wages.
The council, however, refused to deal
with the organizntion, nnd replied to
tho offect that they would meet nny employees that had a grievance, at any
regular meeting of the council.
Secretary Stoodloy of tho Civic Employees, communicated tho facts as to
the situation to Secretary-treasurer
Wells, of the B. C. Federation of Lnbor,
nnd after a consultation with President
McCallum, it. was decided to seo if the
deputy minister of Labor would assiBt.
As a result of this action, Mr. J. D.
McNiven, deputy minister of Labor for
the province, has left for Kamloops with
the view of getting the situation
straightened out.
That any civic or public authority
should deny to the workers the right to
organize, and refuse to deal with their
organization at thiB day, Beoms almost
nn impossibility, and to refuse to deal
wit hthe organization, is a denial of the
right to organize. The Winnipeg situation wob brought about by a similar
perversity on the part of the civic authorities of that city, and wo truat that
we arc not to have anothor example of
stupidity on the part of the Kamloops
city fathers, and that with the assist-
'Making  the  World  Safe   for   De
mocracy*'—Subject of Lecture
by J. S, Woodsworth
The Federated Labor Party (Vancou-  ance of the' deputy minister of Labor,
OHAS.  O.   BOUSE
BuilneM Agent, District Conncil No. 5, International   Brotherhood   Blacksmith))   and
Helpers.
E
Wholesale Fruit and Produce Merchants Refuse
to Meet Union
Members of the Warehousemen's
union employed by the following wholesale fruit nnd produce merchants, aro
on strike: F. B. Stewart 4, Co., Enins-
ford & Co., A. P. Sludo & Co., Oscar
Brown & Co. These firms refused to
have anything to do with tho anion or
to diacass wages and working conditions, so the mon numbering 24, walked oat Saturday morning, and are determined to stay out until such time
aa tho employers got off the high horse.
On Tuosday noon, thc Teamsters union
called its members off the jobs, whieh
brought tho total mon involved up to
37. Tho firms havo found it practically
impossible to find men to tako tho
places of tho strikers, and are resort
TRADES COUNCIL
Council Does Not Approve
of Raising Racial
Animosities
Committees  Appointed  to
Report on Organization
of Asiatics
President Kolly called  the  regular
meoting to order at 8 p.m., after the
minutes of the previous meeting were
adopted as read the   executive . pre-  '
seated their report.
Executive Beport.
The executive committee reported
thoy had met and recommended that
the report of the sub-committee, whieh
was to the effect that all returned soldiers be admitted to the unions for 50
per cent, of the usual fees, and that the
council compilo information as to what
reductions tho unions would be willing
to make to the returned men applying
for admission to the different organizations.
Del. Kavanagh asked what reason
could be offered for reducing the entrance fee to returned soldierB.
Secretary Midgley pointed to the
steps that had been taken to bring
about harmony with the returned soldiors.
Del, Kavanagh said he could see no
reason for giving any worker special
consideration, and moved as an amendment that the council recomemnd that
men be allowed to start work before
full initiation fee be paid.
Del. McVety, in discussing the question, said thero were influences amongst
the returned men to turn them againat
the trades unionB, and the organized
labor movoment, and cited as instances politicians and men who had
antipathy to the movement, and that
he had loarnt that even inside the aoldiers ' organizations the same influences
were being made to destroy their or-
ganizations. He also instanced that already some unionB were admitting returned men for less fees than ordinary
individuals, and said it seemed to be a
ver branch) will hold Ub Sunday pro-  they may be brought to a common Berise
paganda meeting in the Bex theatre at
8 p.m. The speaker for next Sunday
will be J. S. WoodBworth and his subject will be "Making the World Safe
for Democracy." The ^oors will be
open at -7.30 and selections will be played on the orchestra till 8 p.m. Admission is free.;. Como along and bring
your friends.
Soft Drink Dispensers.
Twelve new members wore initiated
daring the month of May and eight old
members were reinstated. Thirteen hotels signed up during Stay and prospects ure good for the lining up of a
majority of the remaining. The bartenders at thc Woods, Crown, Rainier,
Bodega, Yale and Cecil hotels still decline to join the union. Tho following hotels have signed up with the local and are worthy of the support nf
organized labor: Balmoral, Barron,
Burrard, Canada, Clarence, Castle, City,
Cordova, Cunningham, Empiro, Horseshoe, Imperinl, Irving, Klondyke, London, Lotus, Manitoba, Main, Metro-
pole, Melbourne, Shipyard Inn (Coughlan's), West, Weverly, Soft Drink Parlor, Lnbor Templo.
Boilermakers
Twenty-five new membors wore initiated and many applications received
by tho Boilermakers during tho past
week. All the men are bnck to work
under conditions stated elsewhere in
these columns. T. Fox and J. A. Mooro
were elected to attend the Metal TradeB
convention now in session nt St. Paul,
Minn. It has been announced that it
is the intention of thc convention to
draw up a country-wide scale for shipbuilding and this was thc principlo
reason why the Boilermakers could not
see their way clear to sign the shipyard
■agreement recently ngreed to by a majority of tbe unionB involved.
Butchers.
Eight new members were initiated
at a good meoting of the Butchers'
union. The noxt meeting of the local
will be a special held on June 18 for
the purpose of nominating and electing
officers, Full attendance is requested
for this parpose. Thc Butchers are
meeting with onconrngement due to the
past efforts of tho union membership.
Thc locnl is endeavoring to nrrive at a
uniform understanding with the omployers  regarding holidays.
Returned Soldier Seeks Employment
A returned soldier has applied to the
Federationist for asistance in obtaining work. He iB not capable of laborious work but would be willing to act
as watchman or other light work. Fi.r
particulars apply manager B. C, Feder-
at'onist.
Ladies' Auxiliary (Machinists).
At the regular meeting of the
Ladies' Auxiliary of the Machinists
on Tuesday Inst ono application for
membership was received und two
members were initiated, Mrs. D. Day
was installed as financial secretary.
Tbo date for the picnic has been chnng- J
ed to July (i, instead of July 1 as previously announced, nnd if tho consent
of tho mayor can be obtained the picnic will be held in Mahon Park, North
Vancouver. The memberB of localB 777
and 182 who ure acting with the members of the auxiliary reported that good
progress was boing made with th enr-
rungemonts, and that the.se locnls would
share the expense. All thoBe who are
intending to become members of the
Ladies' Auxiliary arc requested to be
at the next meeting to be held on Tuesday, June 18, without fail.
viow of tho situation.
ing to the employment of Chinese and
girls.   Mr. Brenchley, manager of the
F. B. Stowart Co., cun be found any day
taking   Chinese   to   and   from   work,  natter of policy and a gracious act on
Among the strikers of thia firm ia a re-1tne Part of the council to adopt the
turned soldiers und Ub place has been  "commendation in view of the action
filled by a girl. „ of the returned men in    the   recent
Civic Employees. •
Business Agent Mncfarlnn of thc
Civic Employees' union has asked tho
city couneil to appoint a special stand-'
ing committee to dead with matters
arising out of disputes between the city
city council aad tho Civic Employees'
anion, Too much time nad wrangling
has heretofore taken plnco between the
parties by having the mutter thrashed
out in the eoaacil. A small committeo
of one alderman nnd one employee is
suggested. The suggestion has been referred to the board of works.
Plumbers.
The Plumbers are m,i!;:i.g steady pre*
grcss both in regards :o momborsh.p
aeo influence. The un on is practically lit [mr cent, torti)! with nil me:;:
••••rs working, Wo*h ng condition';
tbat have been ob.flield are   of   t ■•
bm.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Jane 0.—Musicians,
Saw Filers' association, Sawyers and Filers.
MONDAY, June 10.—Boilermakers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Work ers, Pattornmnkers,
U. B. Carpenters No. 617, Upholsterers, Amalgamated Eiigi-
ners, Iron Workers, Street Roll-
wnymen 's executive.
TUESDAY, June 11.—Pressmen,
Barbers, Amalgamated Carpentors, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, June 12.—Gas
Workers, Metal Trades Council, Storeotypora, Street Railwaymen, Teumstcrs nnd Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, June 18.—Sheet
Meta] Workors, Painters, Shipwrights and Caulkers, Machinists No. 182.
FRIDAY, Jane M.—Pile Drivers
aad Wooden Bridgehttildcrs,
Plumbora, Mill and Factory
Workers, Warehousemen, Shipyard Laborers.
SATURDAY. Jun* 15.—Blacksmiths, Bakera.
Hotel and Restaurant Employees,
The Granvillo Lunch has signed np
with the Hotel and Bestaurant Employees' union, and Allan's Cafe will
sign up as soon as some of the waitresses, wbo are in arrears with the local, have squared up. The local has
been compelled to placo thc Pioneer
Cafe on the unfnir list. This house hns
been approached time nnd time again
to employ union labor nnd has continuously refused. If cooks or wnitors,
applying for jobs there, were known to
bc carrying cards, the proprietor
I would not tnlk business with them.
| This man has a record of always having opposed union labor of every kind..
Other places who refuse to sign up will
be given a taste of tho same medicine)
in the nenr future. Thc local is organizing nil hotel employees, including chambermaids and pantry girls.
Cigar Makers
The Cigar Makers held an election of
officers which resulted as follows: President, G. Thomas; vice-president, Joo
Waters; financial, secretary, R, J. Crnig;
sergeant-at-arms, E. LePage; treasurer,
Geo. Wood; delegates to trades aud
labor couneil, G. Thomas, G. Hurst, Joo
Waters, A. ]'. Tlotcaf. The delegntes
to the Trades and Labor council were
instructed to ask the council to place
tho Carabnaa cigars on the unfair list.
The loeal also intends to circularize the
anions notifying the membership that
the Carabnaa and La Proforoncia are
being made ia strike shops of London.
(Jat. The local endorsed the shop card
of the retail clerks.
A Dyed-in-the-wool Pattiot
Mr. Brenhcley has many a time filled
tho rolo of a dyed-in-the-wool, 18-cnrat
patriot, but whon it comes down to
question of treating with whito men,
and meeting the increased cost of living
with nn incrense in wages, he is to "be
found hunting for cover behind Asiutic
nnd cheap labor. Mr. Brenchloy is alleged to have made the statement thnt
he prefers the cheap yellow labor. Aud
whou tho mnn in tho street points to
such firms, and asks "whnt nre we
fighting for," thc question becomes a
hard one to answer in the way thnt the
Shoo Workers.
Twenty-live new members . were
iniliMed and IK applications received
by the Boot and Shoo Workers' union,
The membership is paying great attention to organization mutters and a
lengthy und interesting meeting was
held Tuesday evening. Two more repair shops have applied for the union
repair stamp. These arrtho Ideal Repair shop, corner Kings way aud Broadway, and the Standard Repair shop, HIS
Robson.
Kamloops Civic Employees.
The civic employees of Kamloops,
B. (I, have formed a union chartered
by tho Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada and are likely to be heard from
in the near future. The union hus
affiliated with 'the B, C. Federation of
Labor und meets every fourth Wednes
dny nt 8 p.m. nt the Orange Hall. The
oflicers are: President, Charles Hurst;
vice-president, C. L. Wain; secretary-
treasurer, J. O. Stoodloy.
Bakers.
The Bakers' union is making splendid progress. An agreement is being
presented to all master bnkers ia the
city i'id it is expected that everything
will work out satisfactorily. The local
has wind to, Seattle fur Organizer Mc*
Guerir* und he is expected to be on
hand fnt the special business meeting
tn lie held in the Labor Temple Sat*
in-day evening.
Blacksmiths.
Seven new members huve been Initialed aad six applications received since
last report, says Business Agent Rouse.
All strikers ia Vancouver and Victoria
are buck to work with the exception of
the men employed by the Vancouver
Forge company. The difficulty nt this
place is nearing sett lenient and the
men are expected to be buck to work
.Saturday. Prospects for the trade look
very bright. All boards at employment ngencics carry ads for black-
smiths ia logging camps aad mines ut
good wages.
government expects one to,
Mrs. Housewife Take Notice
The R. P. Slade firm is another out
fit that had filled the places of tho strikers with Asiatics, and when Mrs. House
wife makes a batter purchase these (lays
she will bc feeding her household with
staff handled by Chinese, if she gets
any of tho following brands: Thames
Valley, Spring Bank, Rosedale or Mayflower.
Chinese are also washing meet and
putting ap eider for the firms and it
would be well for organized labor to
remember that the eider put up by Stewart & Co. is known as "Perfection."
It might also be stated here that the
Warehousemen's anion does not bar
Asiatics from its membership,
Organized Labor Bailies
The freight .handlers of the B. 0.
Electric have been instructed by their
executive committee not to handle any
goods of the four firms under any conditions. It is ulso rumored that Stewart
& Cu. will attempt to supply tlieir eountry customers from the Victoria warehouse, but the Longshoremen's union
will keep close tab on the firm's goods.
Btrike.
Del. Kavanagh said if it was organization that was desired, then it
waa good policy to make the initiation
fees of all unions a nominal one. and
that would prevont no man from joining because he had not the money, and
many mon thought the high fees were
a hindrance to men joining the unions.
Dal, Welsh said it must bo realized
that they wore dealing with an organ*
ized body, and referred to their action
in the recent strike, nnd farovor tho
resolution. Tho amendment moved by
Del. Kavanagh was adopted by a voto
of 64 to 44.
Del. McVety took the stand that the
B.C.E1 COMPANY'S
E
F. Franklin an American
Citizen and an
Expert
Men's Protests Are Upheld
and Company Will Choose
New Representative
Just as we go 1,. press we lenrn that
the Stroet Railwaymen have, through
Mr. T. D. Bulger, fair wage officer, objected to the representative of the B.
0. Electric Railway compnny on the
board of conciliation] on tho ground
that he iH not a British subject, and,
antler the Lemieux Act, only those
who are citizens can act on conciliation boardH.
It is further learned that the gentleman in question is somewhat of nn expert in this line of business, lie having
acted in Ihe same capacity in Seattlo
n thc street rnilwny troublo in that
city, and was at onc timo a iiiiinnger
f a street railwny in Portland.
Thc men's objection hns been sustained   and  Mr.  C.  P,  Franklin   will
t be thc representative of the eompany and the company will hnve to
make another choice.
carrying of thc nmemimcnt did not
dispose of thc motion, and that the motion still stood. The choir then submitted thc motion, which wns lost by
n voto of 54 to 50.
Del. McVety asked for a roll call
vote. After some littlo discussion the
president stotod that it was unfor-
tuuatc that thc motion had been put
nnd stated thut ho would nllow the request to bo granted. Dol. Knvnnngh
appealed against thc ruling of tho
chair.
Thc council dcfontoif'thc motion for
n roll cnll voto and the chair was not
sustained.
A communication wns received from
tho U. B. Carponters requesting tho endorsation of A. Watchman for thc
wage adjustment board now being
formed. The communication was received and tiled.
A communication wns received from
11. 11. Stevens, M. P, re returned soldiers suffering from mental treaties.
A communication was received from
the Pilo Drivers and Bridgemen presenting tlieir new wnge scalo. A spccinl commltte was nppointed to report
on the wage scale presented. Tbis also
applied to a similar communication
from  the Steam Engineers.
A communication was received from
the liotol nml Itestuurant Kmployees
slnting that the Pionocr Cafe wns unfair. The mntter wns referred to the
locals through their delegates.
A communication wus received from
the Plasterers asking the assistance of
the businoss ngent* of the council re
unfnir plasterers working on cottages
at Ihe University buildings. .The re*
quest was granted.
Dol. McVety reported as to tho un-
nunl mooting of thc B. C. Fedorationist, Ltd,, staling the linnncial statement
of the company had been found correct by tho auditors.
Business Agent Midgloy reported ns
to the Bakers' new wago scalo which
was being negotiated; nlso ns to his
activities nlong Bimilnr lines for the
Ons Workers, who wore to hnve their
question settled by n board of arbitration. He also reported os to tho Warehousemen 's troubles, and that a meeting had been held between tho employ,
ers and representatives of thc men, and
that Inter a strike had been called nnd
that the Teamsters had como out in
sympathy, and thai Chinamen hnd quit,
with tho white men and that they had
returned nfter they hnd been told that
the while men were getting a closed
shop in order to put the Chinamen out.
He recommended thnt a special committee bc appointed to deal with the
Asintic question.
He nlso reported that ho had met Mr.
Loughnan of the Returned Soldiers regarding the article wliich he hnd written re the strike, who hnd stilled thnt
lie expressed his own opinions and not
thnt of the organization. He also reported as lo the action taken regarding Ihe C. P, K. dining car men, which
finally culminated in Senulor Robertson recommending a bonrd to invest!*
gntc into the question, and a wire hnd
been received from the Deportment of
Lnbor stilting thut a board would bo
nppointed nud Hint the representative
(Continued on pngo 5) PAGE TWO
THE  BRITISH  COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
Pork and Beans, 3 for.  25c
Sardines, 3 for _ -  25c
Peas, per can  15c
Peaches, per can  20c
Pears, large size tins  20c
Salmon, 2 for  25c
Potted Beef, 3 for  25c
Seeded Raisins, per package  10c
Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 for „  25c
Tomatoes, per can  15c
Slater's Cheese, per lb -  40c
EXTRA SPECIAL
Wild Rose Flour, 10-lb. paper sack, Saturday
only (with other groceries)    65c
SLATER'S
131 Hastings Street East   Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street   Seymour 866
3214 Main Street.   Fairmont 1683
Men's $2 Bib Overalls
$1.45
Plain Black or Blue Stripe; Extra Heavy Denim
50c Black English Cashmere finish Sox; 3 pairs.'. $1.00
$1.50, $1.75 and $2.00 W. G. & R., Took and Crescent English
Cambric and Zephyr Shirts $1.15
$35   BLUE   SERGE   SUITS   $25
Pure wool West of England heavy blue serge Suits, guaranteed shape-keeping and absolutely fast indigo dye.
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
546 ORANVILLE STREET
Thinking of a New Straw Hat?
ONE GOOD STBAW is worth a dozon "makeshifts. We're showing
StrawB in tho very latost shapes and braids. Not only that—we
guarantee any ono of theso Straws will givo you tho largost mensure of
satisfaction you over had.
CHOICE, PERFECT-FITTING STBAWS, $2.00 up to W.00
LIGHTWEIGHT PANAMAS, 54.00 up to S10.00
(LADIES' PANAMA SPECIAL), at J6.00
THE BEST IN SOFT FELTS, S3.00 to J6.00
SUMMER CAPS, $1.00 to J2.60
Hats mailed anywhere ill British Columbia free of charge. Catalogue free
Richardson & Potts, Limited
EXCLUSIVE MEN'S HATTEKS   Nesr Oor. Hsstings  417 OBANVILLE
MEN'S SUITS
IN TWEEDS FROM $20.00 to $35.00
Wc do not say that these Suits would cost you $10.00 more
in any other store, but we do say that wc stand behind every .
garment we sell, no matter what the price, and that we give
you the best value it is possible to produce for the money.
Working Shirts, Gloves and Overalls in great variety.
BOYS' DEPARTMENT—Is well stocked with all that is
new and dependable in Boys' Suits and Furnishings.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702 309 to 316 HASTINOS ST. W.
What Street Car
Service Means
Adequate cars always "at your service."
Clean, up-to-date, safe rolling stock.
Smooth tracks, automatic switches.
Holiday and rush hour service.
More cars and tracks as the traffic requires.
All the service the traffic will bear.
Only a system that is well nourished by receiving a fair return on its capital will be able
to expand with the needs of the public.
On the other hand, the system that is starved
will give poorer service as its equipment becomes out-of-date and cannot be replaced.
CWS&ckic
ASIATIC LABOR IS
FOR U.S.A.
Evident Desire for Cheap
Labor Is Not Confined
to Canada
Oarrall and Hastings
Phone Sey. 6000
Land of the Free to Have
Million Chinese Is
Proposal
Mr. Hudson Maxim, writing in Leslie's Weekly, May 4, puts forwnrd the
scheme to introduce one million dullest agriculturists. He is caroful in
his article to point to the difference in
coolio labor from that of the trained
agriculturists, and states thut the
ti-udcs unionists could uot be opposed
to tho scheme, as the men imported
would not be in competition with the
men wlut are members of organized
labor.
If tho mon in the United States havo
ns much wisdom us wc give them credit
for they will not bo misled. A million
Asiatics employed in agricultural pursuits would release a million men for
industrial purposes, and the problem
aftor tho war would be to got rid of
tho imported labor.
Canadian members of organized labor
have already voiced their protosts
against any sueh schomo in this country and wo havo no doubt that organized labor in the States will take eare
of tho situation in that country.
Mr. Mnxim's contentions aro in part
as follows:
"If it is possiblo by the employment
of Chineso mothods of intensive farming, to incroase the production of car
lands to such an extent, how stupendous
would bo the benefit of wide introduction of such methods. The exhausted
lands of New England could be made
to produce liko a tropical gnrden. The
vast areas of thc great West that are
today not producing 10 per cont. of
what they ought to produco could bo
made to produco the other 00 per cent,
by the introduction of Chineso labor.
"When wo tnko into consideration
tho fact that at the presont time thero
a very stringent shortage of farm
labor throughout the country, and
again take into eonsideration tho fact
that ono Chinese farmer will get ninny
times as much off a given area of land
as an American laborer, it is not an
exaggeration to assume that American
farms could, by the introduction of Chinese labor, bo made to produce several
times as much as thoy are now producing. There is land in tho United
States to raise food onough to fatten
tho world.
'' Tho nverago American does not
like farming. Tho sons of thc prosperous farmers do not tnko kindly to the
tilling of the soil with thoir own
hands. They prefer the excitement nnd
the diversions and Btimulus of tho lifo
of city and town, and they leave the
farm for tho offlco nnd factory.
"Tho average American laborer also
finds tho occupations of the city and
town more congenial than farm labor.
C-oiisequently the farms are denuded of
lnbor, and thoro is no remedy in sight
unloss wc shall be nblo to overcome
prejudice, enlighten our 'minds with understanding, and introduce Chinese
labor to work our lond.
"The same roasons that have denuded tho farm of labor havo denuded
thc household of servants. The Bervont
question is an ovor-proscnt, harassing
problom, whicli is finding its answer at
the presont timo in forcing the fnmily
into tho hotol, tho boarding house, nnd
tho co-operative npurtment house, from
which children are barred. Lack of
household servants is forcing race sui*
•ide upon tho Amoricnn peoplo.
"The individual, independent fnelly entity is-rapidly going out of existence. Thc abandonment of the separate household for quarters in the cooperative apartment* house is an ntayic
return to tho troglodytism of the cliff-
dwellers—worse, for children wero not
barred from tho cliff-dwellings.
"Chinese, imported as agricultural
laborors and household servants, would
solve tho agricultural labor problem
and the servant problom, nnd we should
have the best agricultural workers in
tho world and thc bost household ser*
vnnts in the world, in unlimited numbers. They would not compete with
'American farm und household labor,
because thoro are no laborers left in
those two Holds worth considering, nnd
the few there are would, with tto new
opportunities and lower cost of living
resulting from the Introduction of Chineso lnbor in those two capacities, bo
able very readily to find moro profitable
and more congenial employment in
other pursuits; while thc hard-worked
farmers' sous and daughters who do
stay on the farms would find tho larger
nir't of thcii*Hiurdcns lifted. With loss
ubor of their own hands they would
lave very much more recreation und
greater profit.
"A million Ollinomoil should be imported with ull possible speed. This
measure should not be opposed by labor
unions, because Chinese imported as
agricultural laborers and household servants would not compete with union
labor in any way, while the Chinese
would bo producors of wealth which
would greatly reduce the cost of living and consequently give to every dollar a grcntly increased purchasing
alec. .
"If a million Chinamen could bo imported, iih I have suggested, their labor
could bc restricted to agriculture nnd
the household. A million sueh laborers distributed throughout tlio country
would su incrense the food supply and
lower tho cost of the necessaries
of life that the laborer who now earns
y.\ a day would then bc uble to buy
for #1 more food thun lie can got for
$!>. The artizlin would be able to buy
twice as nucli for his weekly wago to
food his family ns ho is now able to
buy." ,,     .,   ,
There is nothing new, Mr. Nnxlm
goes on to say, in the plnn of restricting a certain class of people to n particular kind of omploymont. This during the Middle Ages was done with
the Jews. With the Chinese, ns compared with their lives at home, omploymont under restrictions would be a
godsend. Furthermore, they could be
prohibited from buying and operating
farms in competition with American
formers.   He goes ont
" Unless the Germans win the war
within the next six months—and Providence will betray the world if thoy
should   win—then   the   war   will   Inst
REWARD
[By Tom Playton]
CHAPTER I.
"That's a good idea of yours," said
the foreman to thc mechanic.
"It seems goo£ to me," said the
superintendent to the foreman.
"An excellent suggestion," said the
general manager to the superintendent.
"An Al proposition," said tho president to the general manager.
CHAPTER II.
"This cheque is an expression of our
appreciation," said the president to the
general manager.
"I am increasing your salary," said
the general manager to the superintendent.
"Next month I ought to be ablo to
do something for you," said tho superintendent to the foreman.
"That idea was all right," said tho
foreman to the mechanic.
IN
ITS FAVOR
Miners' Federation Against
Combing Out 50,000
Men from Mines
NEW WAR LABOR
POLICY FORMULATED
As Argreed to By Conference in United
States by Representatives of
Labor and Capital
A n-ow war .Labor policy has boon
agreed upon after conferences lasting
for moro than a month.   The principles
ns agreed upon by the conference, consisting of six representatives of employers, six trade unionists nnd ex-President
William H. Taft and Frank P. Walsh,
representing the public, nro as follows:
Right to Organize
1. Tho right of workers to organize
in trado unions nnd to bargain collectively, through chosen representatives,
is rocognized and affirmed. This right
shall not be denied, abridged or interfered with by the omployers in any
manner whatsoever.
2. ^ The right of employers to organize in associations of groups and to
bargaiu collectively, through chosen representatives, is recognized and affirmed. This right shall not be denied,
abridged or interfered with by tho workers in any manner whatsoever.
3. Employers should not discharge
workers for mombership in trnde unions,
nor for legitimate trade union activi-
'cs.
4. Tho workers, in tlio exercise of
their right to organize, shall not use coercive measures of any kind to induce
persons to join their o'rgiini/.ntions, nor
to induce employors to bnrgnin or denl
therewith.
Existing Conditions
1. In establishments where the union
shop exists the same shall continue and
the union stnndnrds as to wages, hours
of labor and other conditions of employment shall be maintained.
2; In estnblislunents where union
nnd non-union men ami women now
work together, nnd the employer meets
only with employees or representatives
engaged in said establishments, thc continuance of such condition shnll not be
deemed a grievance. This declaration,
however, is not intended in any mnnncr
to deny thc right, or discourago the
practice of the formation of labor
unions, or tho ."joining of the some by
the workers in said establishments, ns
guaranteed in the last paragraph, nor
to prevent tho War Labor board from
urging, or any umpire from granting,
under the machinery herein provided,
improvement of their situntion in the
matter of wages, hours of labor, or
other conditions, as shall bo found de
sirablo from time to time.
3. Established safeguards and regu
lations for the protection of tho health
and.snfety of workors shall not be re*
laxed.
Women in Industry
If it shall become necessary to employ women on work ordinarily performed by men, they must be allowed
equal pay for equal work and must not
be alloted tasks disproportionate to
their strength.
Hours of Labor
The basic eight-hour day is recognized
ns applying in nil eases in which existing law requires it. In all other cases
the question of hours of labor shall bo
settled with due regard to governmental
necessities and the welfare, health and
proper comfort of the workers.
Maximum Production
The maximum production of nil war
industries should be maintained nnd
methods of work and operation on the
part of employers or workers which
operate to delay or limit production, or
which have u tendency to artificially
incrense the cost thereof, should be discouraged.       I
Mobilization of Labor.
For the purpose of mobilizing the
labor supply with n view .to its rapid
nnd effective distribution, a permanent
list of the number of skilled and other
workers available in different parts of
the nation shall bo kept on file by the
Department of Labor, the information
to be constantly furnished:
1. By the trnde unions;
2. By state employment bureaus and
federal agencies of like character;
\\,   By the managers and operators of
Change Has Taken Place in
the Minds of King
George's Subjects
Philip Snowden, British Labor M, P.,
writing in tho British Labor Leader,
says:
Tho ballot of tho Minera Federation
on the question of combing out 50,000
mon from tho mines has resulted in a
majority against tho proposal. Tho
figures against tho com hrdl hrdlu ua
figures of the ballot are very striking.
A majority against tho combing out
proposal haB been givon in the Lancashire and Cheshire district. This result shows a vory remarkable change
of opinion among the miners of this
area who hitherto had been overwhelmingly on the sido of the government in
Supporting any proposals for tho continued prosocution of the war. Tho
Foderation vote is tho more remarkablo
when the fact is taken into consideration that it wub understood that the
meu who would flrst be taken into military service were thoso who had entered the mines since the outbreak of
war, and it might havo been expected
that the older miners would in overwhelming numbers havo soized the opportunity of getting these men out of
tho industry. This has not proved to
bo the caso.
Another man, William Watson, writing about tho Independent Labor Party
and things in general, says:
New branches havo boen formed, and
others resurrected. Our membership
has increased by leaps and boundB.
Children are singing "The Red Flag"
in the streets, and what un inspiration
it is! A year has wrought a phenom-
eunl change.
The Cumberland coal miners have
just declared by ballot their opposition
to the government's "comb-^it" proposals. Tho iron oro miners and the
Ijiinrrymen 's unions have done likewise
almost unanimously. This triple alliance hns had enough of blood nnd
slaughter, and is ready for a democratic pence. Other unions would follow
if reactionary ollieinls would allow the
rank nnd fllo access to the ballot.
The local Jingo press has discovered
that "there is at Rowrah a hotbed of
pacifism, whose leaders ought to bc in
jail." Tho patriots thought it necessary to placate the enquiring Henrys
who wanted to know what the war wns
about, and organized a "war aims"
meeting.
Sir John S. Ainsworth, M. P., and J.
A. Grant, M, P., wero sent to rout the
pacifists. Automobiles und petrol were
abundant. No expense was spared, and
thero was a largely attended meeting.
All went well up to a point when one
speaker referred to tho paicfists, and
nskod any present to ploose stand. Ho
got thc shock of his life, "He wanted
to convort them," he said, so requested
that they draw his attontion to any
error ho might mnke in his speech. This
irresistible invitation wns seized upon,
and an incessant run of interjections
followed. A Canadian soldier, fresh
from the trenches, who has ovidently
had enough, wns prominent in opposition and in demanding the platform.
This privilege was not granted, of
course. The local vicar, himsclf%t for
service, was nsked why he wns not in
France, nnd after declaring this a working man's wur, wns refused a hearing.
The usual "knock out" resolution was
not submitted for a vory obvious renson, nnd the platform ornaments retired
into oblivion to the hearty singing of
"The Red Flag" nnd three lusty cheers
for Macdonald.
So has the tide turned here..
...June 7, 1918
many years longer, for it will take
many yenrs to bring Germany to
terms.
"One of the muiti elements of Germany 'b strength nnd enduring power depends upon the large numbers of cheap
laborers thnt she hns in service. The
prisoners of wnr nnd the entire populations of conquered countries nre doing forced labor merely for their keep,
and very bad keep at that. Germany
hus today ut lenst five million such laborers in her service, and in the contract
of this war we must compete wtth
these live million laborers who arc rendering Germany free service.
"We hnve a means at hand, through
Chinese labor, which will enable us to
compete with the cheap labor in Germany, and unless we do avail ourselves
of cheap Chinese labor we can not
compete  with Germany.
"There is another thing wo must
take into consideration, und it is that
every Chinaman whom we would import and employ would permit of the
relense of onc American to, servo the
government in some other enpnclty to
help win the war.
"But these aro not nil the considerations. There is one other and paramount consideration, and it is thut, the
only way to forestall gaunt famine—
the only way lo prevent multitudes of
nur pooplo from dying of nctunl stnrva-
lion in the near future*--is to import.
Chinese laborers.
"When the pinch comes and millions
of our populntion nro facing famine,
there will bo insubordination, thero
will be rioting such as has never been
seen before in this land. Tlio difference between riot and revolution is
only one of size nad cxtont of the disturbance."
industrinl    estnblishments    throughout
tho country.
Theso agencies should be given opportunity to nid in the distribution of
labor, as necessity demandB.
Custom of Localities.
In fixing wages, hours and conditions
of labor regard should always be had
to the labor standards wage scales, und
other conditions prevailing in the localities affected.
The Living Wage.
1. The right of all workers, including common laborors, to a living wnge
is hereby declared.
2. In fixing wages, minimum rates
of pay shall be established which will
insure thc subsistence of the worker
und his family in health and reasonable
comfort.
It is to be noted that thc first principle agreed to on all sides is the right
of the workers to organize in trade
unions, This is a good beginning, nnd
the declaration closes with an acknowledgment of tho right of nil workers,
including common luborors, to a living
wage—not the wage that the industry
claims it can afford to pny and live,
but a living wage, tho wage at which
the laboror can afford to work uud live,
which is qaite tin important distinction.
Moreover, of course, in attempting to
Ilx u living wngo which, ns stated in
tho closing parngruph of the programme, will insure thc subsistence of
the worker and his family in health
and rensoanble comfort, the condition
as to prices of necessaries must, of
course, be tukeu into account.
Another important thing in this pro-
grninme relates to women in industry—
that they shall have equal pay for
equal work, but they must not be allotted tasks disproportionate to their
strength. It appears to be a fair programme, but of course much will depend upon the spirit in which it Is
worked out. Its weakness lies in tho
fact that it does not even suggest any
method of settling labor disputes. The
word arbitration is not even mentioned
in the programme. It simply sets up
a creed for labor nud capital to which
it invites both to Btibscribe.—From
Boot and Shoe Workors Journal.
Lord Sclborne nt York, England,
warned Inndowners and farmers to be
sympathetic to tho settlement of ex-
soldiers on the land; otherwise social-
ists would draw the mornl.
The Dominion Economic and Development commission "has cost $21,207.2H,
nnd hasn't issued a report, wliich beats
thc Commission on Conservation.
Helps the Labor Crisis
"So you approve of the government's uction in taking ovor the railroads." '
"Yep," replied Mr. Crowcher. "I
approve of that and prohibition for
several reasons, ono of them being
that now a lot of people can quit lecturing on tho Bubject and go to work."
—Washington Star.
Yorkshire Miners Council decided to
submit to the British Minera Federation a resolution in favor of a five
days' working week of six hours a day
with no wage reduction.
London—Meatless dayB in London
restaurants have been abolished. The
restrictions on eating meat in restaurants havo been made unnecessary by
the meat rationing system in force now.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every mania it m YOUM?
—Phona Fairmont 86M—
S. T.Wallace's
Marketeria
"You Benefit"
118 HASTINGS W.
Say. 784 and 1266
Free delivery to all parts
of the eity.
Potatoes, extra choice, every
sack guaranteed:       '
Special, 100-lb. sack $1.75
Sugar, B. C. 18-lb. sack 1.80
Flour, Robin Hood, old
grade, 24-ib. sacks .... 1.60
Shipping orders receive
prompt attention.
Defective eyes
and death
<j Dr. James McHoul, a captain
in the British army, and eye-
examiner for a recruiting
board, statos in the British
Medical Journal that of six
chauffeurs ex o mi nod by him
recently, four of them had had
accidents, at least one of
theso hnving resulted in death.
Ho urges that all persons applying for licenses to drivo
cars bo subjected to rigid optical examination, and this bo
repeated once a year,
fl This is one phase of tho
danger of defective
eyes. But thero are
many phaBcs. Tho dan-
gor to health is ever-
present with defective
eyes. But the defective
eyes are easily corrected. The proper glasses
ground to remedy the
dofect revealed by an
expert examination.
<J May I sorvo yout
Stymoar 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical Oo.
649 ORANVILLE STBEET
Below DryEdale's
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—tWILVB KBW TABLES—
(BiMiwIek-Btlk. OtU-mder Co.)
—HMdqn«rUri f« Union Hon-*
Union-melt   Totaocoi,   Olftn   ait
Olgutttoi
Ottf Whito Holp Employed
42 Hastings St. East
0OWAN   ft   BROOKHOUSE
PRINTERS  AND PUBLISHERS
Frliters to Tht Fediritlonlst
Tbe   Fodentlonlst   Ib   produced   from
our  modern   newsptper  printing   plant.
CMA
HDTteon oobc
acco.
Antique
Embroidered
Pieces from old
Chinese houses
Many of the famous
old Chinese Mandarin
Coats are now being
taken apart and the
embroidered panels are
sold to us for trimming.
This work is beautifully
done and wonderfully colored as only an Oriental artist
dare use colors.
Narrow panels and strips
for trimmings, table squares
and other pieces up to the
rare old mandarin coats
themselves.
PIECES FROM __t) UP
Saba Bros.
limited
tThe Silk Specialists
652 OBANVILLE STREET
iCOFFEg
EN*       .   ■-&
>**'**■«
This is tho package in which
the VERY BEST COFFEE comes
—tho CotFco which eosts from 10c
to 15c less than any other high-
grade Coffoo on the market—because yuu do nut have to pay for
a tin container.
So when you order your groceries
today—or tomorrow—remember
to order a package of—
EMPRESS
COFFEE
Your grocer has "EMPRESS"—
seo that you get the genuine
Critical
Craftsmen
—aro tho men who give us tho
most pleasure when thoy como
in to examine our magnificent
assortment ot tools for all
trades,
They know and appreciate
tool excellence and tool value.
They realize tho puinstaking
caro wo havo given to the selection of each item in our
stock.
That is why tho skilled workmen in all trades arc onr constant customers. That is why
we havo been designated as—
The Union
Shop
J. A. Flett Ltd.
TOOL EXPERTS
339 Hastings Bt. W.
TOOLS FOR ALL TBADBS
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail.
Hastings Furniture Co. Ltd.
41 Hutingi Itntt Wwt
THE   AOME   OP   USEFULNESS
With tho greator activity throughout
tho province, consequent on war-time
noods, tho telephone lias boen a great
adjunct to tho Bpoedy termination of
business. It supplement-* personal effort
to the last degree, in (act its usefulness
almost speaks for itself. That lt Is inch
a groat utility, facilitating endeavor along
evory lino, Is duo to tho co-operative
human dement bohind the scenes which
makes tho valuable, inanimate equipment
Intensely useful.
Tho aim Ik to mnke tho telephone of
the greatest use And convonionco to
every user.
E O. Telephone Oompany, Ltd, OmOLUi   PAPBE   VASOODTES
tBADEB   AID   LABOB   OOOTOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL   PAPBE   BBKIIH   ML.
trim* noBEAiioE or lamb
TENTH YEAR.   No. 23
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 7,1918
CoOTC)     $1.50 PER YEAR
THE new teeth which a man or a woman may obtain in
place of those they have lost for any reason, should
be not only good in appearance but satisfactory in every
way from tho standpoint of comfort, service and cost.
It Will Pay You to See Dr. Lowe
DR. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances will do thc work as well and
look better than your original teeth,
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered, i
we reasonable,
DR. LOWE, Dentist
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
108 Hastings St. W„ Oor. Abbott.    Phone Sey. 6444
WHERE THE FLAG OF
FLOATS
But You Get the Can Tip d
to You If You Do
Labor Politics
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Cut Rate Drugs
t>Y BREAKING the Drug Combine we have
•P solved the problem in Vancouver of the high
cost of living so far as your Drug wants are concerned. Compare the prices and service at our
stores with what you have been getting.
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBB:
405 Hastings Stnet West    Phones Sey. 1965 and 1986
BRANOH   STORES
7 Hastings Street Weet
788 Granville Street
2714 Qranvllle Btreet
412 Main Street
1700 Commercial Drive
Seymour 3532
Seymonr 7013
Bey. 2314 ud 1744-0
Seymonr 2032
High. 23S and 1733-0
Mall Order Department for out-of-town customers.   Same prices and
service as over our counter.   Address 407 Hastings Street West.
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
soi DoimnoH bdildivo
CORNER CAMBIE AND HASTINOS STREETS
RINO ITF SETMOUB 2364 FOB APPOINTMENT
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
SAM M. SCOTT
THE BOYS' CLOTHING SPECIALIST
693 Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988472 — 728 GranvUle Street, Sey. 0513
A Well-dressed Man Is the Man Who Wears a
"T. & D." SUIT
the kind that always holds its shape, because only
the very best interlinings are used in its make-up.
You can get them only from us, and they will not
cost you any more than the ordinary make. Prices,
$14.85, $18.85, $21.00, $26.50 and $31.50.
For young boys, you can save $3.00 on each suit by
buying them from us at $4.25, $5.50, $6.85, $8.85 and
$13.50.   Investigate these statements.
We offer special prices on Men's Work Shirts for
Saturday and following week, as well as a large assortment of W. G. & R. Fine Shirts, at $1.25, which
are worth $2.25.
We are agents for Peters' "Brotherhood" Overalls.
T. B. HILL
117 Hastings St. East
Incidents   and    Accidents
Along the Highway of
Slavery
[By Walter Head]
SOUTH WELLINGTON, B. C, June
—At last a Btart has boen made in
Nanaimo towards the building up of
an organization. The night of Juno 1
saw the first scene of the drama enacted whon at a moeting hold in the For-
eBters Hall in Nanaimo a local of the
U. M, W, of A. was once inoro organized. Forty-two men took tho obligation and paid their dues, and officers
were elected, whoso .names, for obviouB
reasons, will not bo divulged at the
preBont time. Groups of mon could be
seen about tho streets in intorestod conversation and some of the "Scissor
Bill" variety were seen with their
ears to the ground.
_ The business men of Nanaimo are bo-
jinning to wonder what is going to
mppen. Of course they think that a
union has only one function, and that
is to strike, which is only natural, as
thoy have been spoon fed on that kind
of stuff for years. Thoy will no doubt
learn in time that unionism is thc order
of the day, and that a union has the
tendency of stabilizing industry instead of disrupting it, and when nn
industry is stabilized conditions for
overybody are better, business men included. Tho business men of Nanaimo would do well to remember that the
workers aro providing them with a
living, and the Western Fuel company
ib trying, with the company store, to
freeze them out.
Gets the "Can"
If 1 am allowed to remain in this
district I hope to be ablo to report
rapid progreBB in a very short time,
but owing to circumstance, I am unable to say whether I will bo able to
do thiB, having been invested with the
most noblo order of tho can. I am
congratulating myself upon getting oft
so light for my offence has been a
very heinous one, having butted in to
the electricians' work and done about
five or ten cents' worth of damage at
a conservative estimate. Of course my
offence consisted in denying it when his
lordahip accused me in front of men
who wero willing to squeal to the boss
about me.
It is vory peculiar to think that a
momber of the electricians union would
make tro-ublo for a follow trado unionist, but of courso it can bo understood
when wo rcnlizo the nature of the craft
union movement with its social distinctions. However, we have got the
promise of another job whon the enormity of our crime has been duly impressed upon us, but in thc meantime we
are an idler within the meaning of the
act, and the boss is an accessory before tho fact, so there you are. We
are, however, still in possession of thc
inalienable right to seek a master or
dio of starvation, yes sir; thank the
Lord wo are free.
Thin Skinned "Dignity"
Our boss told us that we hnvo offended tho dignity of some of our fellow
workers by referring to them as slavos,
and for this wo offer tho most abject
apologies. Wo are, however, reminded
of the story about the young nigger
who went to his grandfather nnd complained about being a. slave. He referred to thc old man's younger days,
whon he 'used to be whipped by tho
slavo driver and finished up by saying
"Now, grand pup, I'so u free foo'ii
'Morlean nigger, an* they don' whip
me." The old man Baid; "No, son,
they don' whip you, they don' have
to; they juBt hits you acrost tho belly
with a lonf of bread and thoy got
you."
Perish the thought, that wo should
bu called slaves. Wc aro absolutely
free to choose, but wc 've got to chorine
darned quick. Well, let's get on with
the w
OFFICERS OF THE FEDERATED
LABOB PABTT
President—Gordon
Vancouver.
Kelly,
Secretary—W. R. Trotter, Labor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treasurer—Miss Helena Outterldge, Labor Temple, Vanconver.
Vlce-preiidents — Viotorla, J.
Dakeri; Vancouver Iiland, T.
Westweli, Bouth Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kinnlejr, R. H. Neelanda; New Weittnimter, W.
Yates; Prince Rupert, Oeo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, ReveUtoke; West
Kootenay (sontk), F. Peierill, Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Roberts,
Coltern; Slmtlkameen, W. Smith,
Hedley.
THE
FEDERATED     LABOR
PARTY la organised for tbe par*
{iose of securing industrial legls-
ation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
tbe means of wealth production..
The membership fee is fixed at
$1 per year, 60 cents of which
goes to the central committee for
tbe purpose of defraying expenses
of general organisation won.
The membership roll is open in
each electoral district and all per*
sons are invited to sign who are
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organisation.
Apply to the vice-president of
your district for further information.
NOW USING I
Big Horn Brand of Shirts
and Overalls Is Now
on Fair List
Tho U. M. W. Journal
Local 872 mot in regular session on
Sunday, Juno 2, and owing to the
great pross of business tho election of
officers had to be postponed. Wc admitted six now membors, most of whom
came in on transfers, coming from such
widely distant points us Alborta, Washington and Nova Scotia. Several very
interesting communications wore read,
ono of them being from our international exeoutlve board stating thnt
they aro taking steps to placo the
United Mine Workers journal in hands
of overy member of the organization,
which is nn excellent scheme. This
will bo paid for out of the increased
por capita tax. We would heartily
recommend the men who voted against
subscribing to the Fed. to tako notice
of this fact.
Two Co-operative Propositions
We also received a communication
asking for approval of thc A. F. of L.
scheme of carrying on propaganda for
the purpose of inaugurating a co-operative movement on the Rochdale plan.
This received the endorsation of our
local.
The next communication did not recoivo such good treatment. This wus
from Tom Moore »f the Canadian Bog-
istrution Board asking us to co-operate
with the govornment on registration
day and snme discussion tm.k placo,
wliich finally resulted in the men deciding that, they would leave it. alone,
and Tot it go us it looked. Possibly
a better coarse mny have born pursued, but the membership felt that the
government waB no friend of theirs,
and they were not very far wrong.
At a special meeting held a short
time ago it was decided to get in
touch with the management with the
view of drawing up some kind of an
agreement between the company and
the men, through which tho interests
of both would be safeguarded, a pretty
tough proposition, but the men aro
willing to have a shot at it anyway.
So far wc have been unable to make
connections, but hopo to meet the
president ere long, when, in adidtion
to thiB proposition, a list of grievances
about a yard long will be presented.
Technically, your humble servant, be-
g no longer in tho employ of the
company, is not entitled to be on the
committee, but inasmuch bb I am still
an officer of the union, and will no
doubt be seeing the president of the
company -shortly to settle the Case concerning myself, I hope to be on it. But
from now on I regret to say that I
am forced by sinister influences to
somewhat curtail my hitherto active
participation in labor affairs, as a
man's first duty is to his home, for discretion ia the better part of valor.
The German Deserter
******    ******
"Thank God I Am Out of It"
The news that tho numbor of desertions from the German army is increasing may be more or Iobb correct, but it
will hardly affect the efficiency of the
fighting power of the enemy armies.
Boiled down, it only means that tho
number of of chances given to the war-
weary Boldier to try a change of seene
has increased for the time being, and
ho has taken them. Every nation has
its war-weary soldiers who have not
much timo to spare for the country they
arc fighting for, and Germany, perfect
as her organization and discipline may
be, is no exception. Thero is ulso the
"deserler" who sucescsfully manages
to be taken prisoner without being injured, and his remarks on the genernl
situation mny be enlightening, if not
representative. Each new British
thrust has helped these men to the
quick decision that it wus time to get
out, not becauso they loved the Fatherland less, but because they loved self
more.
Some idea as to the feeling of at least
a big number of the Gorman soldiers
may be gauged from the remarks made
by an enemy prisoner taken during a
British offensive, to a British officer.
Said this German: "Many Germans fall
every day with German bullets in them.
They are driven like dogs to the fighting. And to what end? Because our
cursed Kaiser and the creatures we cull
statesmen arc afraid of their lives for
what will happen to them when the pooplo know it's all up.
The Central Powors* casualties now
must bc 100,000 a week. And all for
what? The enizy dreams of a few bankers nnd merchants, nnd thc cowardly
tears of a few politicians and of the
Hohonzollorns. They say the HapsbUrgB,
too; but the Austrians would be thankful to make peace tomorrow, but they
cannot. They nre as much sacrificed by
Berlin as we poor devils are here on the
front. Is nol thnt the greatest crime
tho world has ever known? And is it
not Strictly true? Does any sane Gorman suppose tho nppointed end can hv
altered when the whole New World is
ranged against Germany, as well as the
old? They know all about the hundred
millions Of men in tho States, and tlie
millions of money, the innumerable factories and shipyards. They know that
Amorica cnn put hundreds of thousands
nf fresh troops nn this front, next spring
and that tho exhaustion of Germany
long beforo thoil will be frightful. Never
before since the world began has n
twentieth part of tfddh suffering been
allowed to continue duy after day and
month after month to protect a handful
of exalted criminals from general recognition of their cri.mes.
"The Russian people rose and smashed the bonds that bound them. Yes;
but not thc Germans. Our tyrants have
been cleverer. It was only the bodies
of the Russian people that were fettered. Their minds wore free. No Gorman mind in Germany has been free
since 1870. Tho Berlin criminals have
seen too well Jo that. 0.ir people think
they have been well educated. So they
have—very well, very carefully—for
just what they are doing now; for the
blindest and most damnable kind of
slavery the world has over seen, Oer*
many today is one van(. prison, full of
starving slaves who cannot lift a hnnd
to help themselves, nnd that it will remain while William the Murderer can
go on buying a daily reprieve fnr hli
own miserable family in return for tin
blood of ten thousand of his slavos
Thank God I am out of it."
Bears Stamp of Approval
of Organized Labor
Movement
VICTORIA, B. C—As a result of tho
activities of General Organizer Mrs.
Metz of the United Garment Workers
union, the Turner Beeton company of
Victoria signed up a closed shop agreement with the new local of garment
workers recently organized in tho Capital City, and the Big Horn brand of
overalls and ehirts will from now on
bear the label of tho garment workers.
Early in the year Secretary Wells of
the B. C. Federation of Labor wrote
to the garment workers' international,
asking that efforts bo made to have all
garment workors in the province or-
This action was taken after a resolution was introduced in the last convention of the B. C. F. of L. by Mrs.
Bassott asking tho executive to prosecute a campaign for the union label on
overalls and shirts.
With the arrival of Mrs. Metz in the
dty, the central labor body got busy,
and a committee was appointed to assist her in the work. The committeo
consisted of A. Watchman, T. Dooley,
J. Woodriff, A. S. Wells and President
Simmons.
This delegation with Mrs. Metz attended a meeting of the employees of
the company, and interviews were held
with the management with the. result aB
above, and anothor product of tho
workers of British Columbia now bears
tho stamp of the approval of the organized labor movement, and vjith the
other firms on tho coast that are turning out union made goods the Turner
Booton company should share in the
patronage of organized labor.
VICTORIA MASS MEETING
OF SHIPYARD WORKERS
Terms of Agreement Discussed—Workers Not Satisfied—Action of
Executive Approved
[By Tom Dooley]
I suppose it is only right that I
should introduce myself to the readers
of the Fed. ao that they may know who
the curse of reporting Victoria's doings
in the labor movement haB fallen on.
I am the president of the International
Union of Steam and Operating Engineers, and vice-president of tho "Victoria Trades and Labor Council. I feel
that I should tell you this becauso
whatever rot I write, my positions arc
bound to curry weight. Anyway, the
real blame lies on tho shoulders of
Wells for asking mc to tako the job
on, a job of which I feel incapable of
doing justico to, but seeing that there
is no pay attached to it, if I am not
capable of filling the position it will
be the simplest thing in the world to
can me. I have been asked to write a
report on tho mass-meeting of the Shipyard Workers in thc Pantages theatre
re the strike settlement. Thc theatre
was full to the ceiling and it was a
sight for the gods to behold, to see all
those stem faces waiting for thc decision. Ben Simmons took tho chair and
filled the position to a tee. On the platform were seated all the delegates nf
thc Metal Trades Council, including the
delegates who hnd piloted the affair
through. President linkers delivered
himself in fine style, showing the audience how it wns necessary to accept
tho conditions, although he wns not
very wel! satisfied himself. He thought,
under the circumstances, the best thing
that could hnve been done, had been
done. Thore is no need of going ovor
the award because tho Fed. has already reported on that, but from tho
feeling* of thc meeting, tho laborers are
anything but satisfied, and they feel
that a four-dollar minimum should have
beon awarded them (nnd little onough).
President Dakers spoko in very high
terms of Senator Robertson and said
that he wus the one factor which made
for harmony, and to him great credit
is duo for tho settlement. Dol. Watchman spoke on the altitude of the returned soldiors in relation to the strike
and said that great credit is due them
us n body fnr the stand they took.
Del. MoCallum spoke in the suine
strr-n nnd pointed out thnt the best
hnd been dnnc under tlio circumstances.
Del. Carmlchaol explained the boiler-
mnkorB' stand, which seemed satisfactory to nil. There were several questions which were answered satisfactorily, but it goes without saying that
tho laborers have ft big kick coming,
and thoy did not forget to show it.
Still, it seems that the Vancouver
laborers had accepted the award and
so there was nothing else left but to
accept it. At the close of the meeting
a vote of confidence was passed to the
Metnl Trades Council executive who
carried through thc negotiations.
There is a satisfaction in asking for
nn nrtiele bearing the union label that
is not felt when you accept a nonunion article on the clerk's advice that
it is just ns good. You know the* state
ment is not true, but how many of us
fall for bunk that the dealer uses
that he may not miss n snle?
Tho Chicago Federation of Labor
has decided that every delegate must
bc able to show ot loast eight labels
on his wearing apparel. This ought
not to bo a hard matter for a real trnde
unionist,
London—The proposal to make an ex
perimcntal trial of proportional representation In one hundred selected par
liamentary constituencies, which waa
tentatively arranged when the'electoral
reform bill was adopted recently, wns rejoiced by the House nf Commons by a
vote nf 1(10 to 110. This decision finally disposes nf proportional representation so fnr as the present parliament is
concorned,
Pittsburg—Fifty-six men arc; known
to bo dead, 94 injured and in hospitals
und .'tl employees of tlie Aetna Chemical company are missing ns a result of
mine cxplosinns which wrecked the
company's manufacturing plant at Oakdale, 1(1 miles from the city.
London—The admiralty hns issued a
circular informing tlie workmen nt thc
royal dockyards and other navnl establishments, says n despatch to the Times
from Portsmouth, that the admiralty
has decided to appoint n committee of
workers to deal with questions rotating
to their welfare nnd conditions of service.
A Message
To All
Workmen---
The Government is not only drafting
the better men—that is the working-
men, they are also taking all the better
quality Overall material, especially in
plain blue.
They insist on Our Carhartt Quality
of Cloth. Will you please help them out
by asking your dealer for your Carhartt Size in "black" or "blue and white
woven stripe?"
The stores we boosted in The Fed.
of 17th May as carrying Carhartt's'
Overalls only, of course carry other
lines of cheaper makes so as to be able
to serve you at a lower price when you
need it. You'll get your Carhartt there
just the same.
It's the Overall with the pre-war
quality.
UNION MADE IN VANCOUVER
UNION-MADE FOOTWEAR
If you make this store your SHOE Store,
you will not wear poor shoeB or shoes oi
uncertain quality, but the very best of
union-made Footwear.
Tou will also be assured of not paying
too muoh for your Shoes and
get the benefit of an expert
fitting service.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBEET
Union Store
City Merchants Boost
the Clerks' Union
CITY MERCHANTS bolieve the organized workers will respond to thn get-together policy.
OITY MERCHANTS know the value of organized purchasing
power of the trades unionists of Vancouver.
THE CLERKS' UNION stands for a square deal to the purchaser.
THE CLERKS' UNION will see that the buyer always gets a
square deal.
THE CLERKS' UNION makos it easy for the purchaser. Tell
him just what you desire to spend, etc., and he will assist
you to make it go thc limit and you can be sure of satisfaction.
THE TRADES UNIONIST is entitled to the best in thc store,
at the lowest possible price in return for his co-operation to
eliminate thc bunk from Retail Trade.
THE TRADES UNIONIST will readily comply with the resolution passed at his last meeting as requested by the Clerks'
Union. Confidence, that collective invisible personality, is
thc driving force in thc Labor movement, and the absentees
from last meeting can be trusted to see tbe UNION STORE
CARD in the window before making a purchase.
THE TRADES UNIONISTS OF VANCOUVER demand the
defeat of all deceiving demagogues of trade. Put your confidence iu tbe Clerks' Union Store Card.
CLAMAN'S LTD., 153 Hastings Street West
DIOKSLTD., 53 Hastings Street West.
WM. DICK LTD., 38 Hastings Street West.
THOS. FOSTER St CO. LTD., 514 Granville Street.
POTTS & SMALL, -149 Gramillo Street.
RIOKSON'S, 820 Granville Street.
FASHION CRAFT, r*12 Granville Street.
J. N. HARVEY LTD., 125-127 Hastings Street West.
J. A. FLETT & CO., 339 Hastings Street West.    (The first and
oidy hardware store for the union man).
J. BARLOW, Cigars, Cordova street.   The first and only cigar
store with thd Clerks' Union Store Card, and a full line of
Label Cigars, Tobacco, ete.
THE INOLEDEW SHOE STORE-Two soles with but a single
thought.    Thc Union Man and Tbe Ingledew Sole.
CONFIDENCE, NOT CAMOUFLAGE, IS THE UNION
CLERKS' SLOOAN PAGE FOUR
THE  BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY..
1B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published even Friday morning by the B.
Federationist, Limited
..Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 105 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After fl p.m.: Soy   7497K
Subscription'. $1.50 per year;    in Vancouver
City, (2.00;  to unions subscribing
In a body, $1.00
tit
nn^
"Unity of Labor:
tbe Hope
of tbe World"
FRIDAY	
7,
1918
THAT PERIOD in the hiBtory of the
human race known as the period of
civilization, ia marked by one peculiar characteristic thut distinguish.-.'.-*) it
from all that preceded it. Thut peculiar
characteristic   is   hu-
A SLAVE man slavery. Aa civi-
CIVILIZATION ligation emerged from
IN DECADENCE, the savagery aad barbarism that preceded
. it,it announced its arrival upon tho stage
of events by the birth and establishment of human slavery as a basis for
all of its superstructure that was to follow. All the empires of the enrth, those
that have risen and fallen in the pnst,
and those that still exist, have been
builded by the unpaid toil and sweat
of slaves, driven to their tnsks either
undor tho lash direct or by stress of circumstances forged for their undoing by
the cunning brain and hand <>f self-
constituted rulers and masters. At somo
stages of this period, the enslavement
of the workers has been opon and undisguised; at others it has been more or
less camouflaged and hidden. But it
has always been thore, and by no other
conceivablo process could tho vulgnr
magnificence and ruffianly splendor of
Babylon, Egypt, Greeeo, Assyria, Rome
and the equally vulgar empires nnd republic's of today, have been realized. It
is utterly inconceivable nnd incompre-1
hensiblo that human beings could sweat,
swelter and die in building and maintaining thc vulgar and senseless magnificence of empires that bring to them
nothing but poverty, misery, aching
bones and sure death, except they be
driven to the task by those who havo
enslaved them for the purpose.
*        * *
By no othor process could human beings be drivon into such congested and
unhealthy surroundings, as are embodied in the great cities and crowded districts of this period. By no other process could countless millions be turned
from the simple and easy task, if it can
be thus termed, of providing for their
own needs and requirements, into lifelong drudgery at delving, forging, spinning, building, carrying, slaughtering
and dying for others, without either recompense or hope of reward. It is by
slavery alone that human beings can be
drivon to such folly and self-destruction. All the human energy that is expended in the building and maintenance
of these boasted empires, with their
cities, their transportation lines,, their
shipping, thoir armies and navies, thoir
monster factories -their counting houses,
their jails, their bawdy houses, their
spiritual chloroform shops, their governments and all that logically follows in
the way of ruling class paraphernalia
and stage property, is absolutely wasted energy in so far as conserving any
healthy and essential human purpose is
concerned. The labor so expended produces neither food or raiment or any
other thing essential to humnn comfort
and happiness. It is all lnbor expended
by Jhe workers, and for which thoy got
naught but misery in return. It is the
price the workers aro compelled to pay
for the proud privilege of being either
citizens or subjects of these empires,
and the difference between citizen and
subject is not sufficiently great to be
worth arguing about.
* * *
No empire ovor yet Instcd long.   No
civilization based upon human slavery
can last long, for the foul crime upon
which it is predicated will breed the
ovil, corruption and rottenness that will
eventually culminate in its decay. That
fundamental crime will inevitably bring
its own punishment. It is said that
"the wage of sin is donth." Every
empire of antiquity perished from its
own rottenness, a rottenness bred from
thc crimo upon which it and its institutions were founded. Thoso of the pro-
Bent arc swiftly going tho same route,
und for the same reason. The poison of
Hlavery is' ceaselessly gnawing at their
vitals, polluting their blood, sapping
their vitality and heading them for the
grave of oblivion by the route of sonile
decay.
* * *
The cities of civilization are mete
pus cavities, abscesses, drawing the
rich red blood from the country and
transforming it into the filth nnd poison that spreads pestilence and death
throughout the oarth, a magnificent exemplification of which is now being
staged in Europo. There is being put
upon thc boards tho crowning triumph
of this slave civilization; its supremo
achievement; tbe very best it has been
able to renlizo through a thousand centuries of its deadly reign over tho destinies of its millions of slnves and chattels. And it is indeed n glorious picture, a most magnificent exhibition. Another year or two of the glorious show
and hnlf the world will starve to death.
Tbe earth will be swept by famine. Millions have already given up tlieir lives
to stage the delectable spcctaclo and
countless millions more nre ovidently
destined to ""go tho Bamo road, and for
the same noble purpose. Ruling class
civilization, this slave civilization, is
s.wiftly going into complete collapse,
gassed unto death by its own poison
fumes. It is headed for rigor mortis in
oblivion, suiciding by its own hand,
driven thereto by sheer frenzy induced
by tho poison and pus of slavery that
flows in its veins. The slow rot of the
ages is now culminating in a swift decay, th-e end is in sight. Thc obsequies need not be necessarily accompanied with gloom and mournful wailings
upon the part of the slaves who aro
lucky enough or tough enough to survive the shock.
animal may refuse tu longer continue
at his us.ial occupation, such us an iron
worker ,a carpenter, a weaver, us the
case may be. Tho horse or mule muy
refuse to longer pull the plow or cart.
And thero you are. Thc work stops.
There is nothing doing until the recalcitrant ones-reverse their decision and
take up their burdens again.
* * *
And this precious "right" in cither
ease is un inalienable one, as we may
readily sec. It cannot be taken away.
It never has been in any manner interfered with, even by the most brutal and
conscienceless of masters. An occasional silly und ill-informed person has attempted to deprive the horse of this
"right," but upon every occasion the
equine has won out in the court of actual fact, no matter if his master has
beaten him stiff in ordor to win his
case. This right constitutes the only
one of which the holder cannot be deprived. It is that part of democracy
that cannot be filched from either tho
two-logged biped or the equally free
quadruped. And what is still more to
tho point, it is a God-given or natural
"right," and not one bestowed by human edict as a chew of tobacco might
bo handed out to a tramp. It is, therefore, a "right" that is of such a nature
that the possessor need not Ue awake
nights in order to defend it. No one
disposses him of it, even though they
enslave him, and cave his ribs in by
energetic use of tho club in case he insists on exercising his precious "right."
The chief value attached to this precious possession lies in the fact that no
effort is required to hold it. Onee its
possessors becomo familiar with this
fact, they will no longor borrow trouble
over tho fear of its loss, but upon the
contrary will sleep peacefully o' nights
in sweet content and security like unto
a healthy babe with a belly full of its
mother's milk.
# * *
And so in these glad days whon democrncy is being rescued from the
threatening clutches of wicked auto*
craey, although the clouds may lower
and tho face of the sun be hidden by
the sinister cannon smoke of evil, lot
biped and quadruped slave greet each
other w*ith fraternal salutation and con*
scious solidarity as thc common posses*
sors of at least" one "riglit" that all
the machiniations and brutality of nil
ers, monsters and fiends incarnate ennnot take from thom. And let them
stand together valiantly, shoulder to
shoulder and two legs to four, in thc
exercise of that sacred "right" ovory
time iheir hay and oats are curtailed,
or the stable leaks. Let the bipeds approve of this by saying aye, aye, and
thc quadrupeds neigh, neigh, and
thrones will topple and temples fall as
fell the walls of Jericho at the blast of
a ram's horn. Of course, this will bc
frightfulness, but let her go as she
looks.
'BIRDS OF A FEATHER'
IN VIEW of tho apparent alarm that
exists in Labor quarters over the
probability of tho '' right to strike"
being taken away from tho workers, we
beg to assure the disturbed ones that
there is absolutely no
ONE RIGHT justifiaiiblc roason
THAT CANNOT for their alarm. The
BE ABROGATED "right    to    strike"
can not bc taken
from the Blavo, any more thnn the right
to balk can be taken from the horse or
mule. Tbo "right to atrike" upon thc
part of tho man and tho right of the
horse or mule to balk are one and the
same thing. In either they havo the
right to refuse to work.    The  human
Jamaica is the greatest banana-
growing country in the world. Thc
suggestion has been made at Washington that the bananas imported per
year should be cut down to 25 per
cont. of last year's importations. This
has thrown the banann lords of Jamaica into a conniption fit at the prospect of being unable to profitably dispose of the loot they take from the
Jamaican slaves. If the suggested step
bo taken nnd the importation of bananas thus limited, it does look like a
most deadly and unwarranted blow at
trade, that ideal condition and circumstance out of which and by which, ac-
cording to capitalist philosophy, nations live, prosper and amass much
wealth. Of course if the Jamaican pro
o\icers of bnnnnas (the workers) cannot be robbed of their product nnd
the loot shipped out of their reach, they
will inevitably perish for tbo want of
oven bannnas to eat. Anybody cnn
seo that. It is not by kocping their
products in their own hnnds and consuming them that producers of food,
clothing, shelter and other essential'
things aro enabled to live, but by having all of these things taken from
them and shipped beyond their reach.
It works out just the snme with banana
producors in Jamaica ns it does with
any other slaves. For every hundred
bunches of bananas they produce they
are nllowed to eat one bunch or so.
If tho amount stolen from them cannot
bo sold by the thieves who take it,
they are not allowed any. It may be
easily seen why the Jamaican negroes
must be thrown into n cold sweat of
agony over tho prospect of the exportation of tho loot taken from them boing curtailed to such a horrible extent.
But thc chief redeeming feature of tho
suggested policy, however, may bo
founnd in tho fact that the saving accruing ns a result of the American
Blaves not being nllowed to indulge in
wheat products, meats, and other expensive luxuries produced by thom-
selves at homo, may be greatly augmented by restraining them from gorging their lustful appetites upon ban*
uiuiB stolen from other slaves elsewhere. Just what they arc eventunlly
to be nllowod to eut does not mnttor,
but of ono thing we may be sure and
that is that the loss they have to cat the
leas time will be required to eat it,
therefore the more timo they will havo to
devote to tho production of things essential to the prosecution of the war.
And in that lies the true.test of patriotism.
Thero arc upon this western continent numerous persons and interests that
arc bitterly and noisily opposed to the
Russian Bolshoviki. No ■ occasion or
opportunity is overlooked by them to
villify thc "Red Guard" and paint its
mission as ono of devastation and assassination. Among tho most vicious
and unscrupulous of these noisy and lying disseminators of diatribe^ against
thc Russian proletariat are to#be found
creatures who occupy high places in the
orgnnized labor movement of this continont. Some even bolong or havo belonged to the international socialist
movement and have mado loud professions^ fealty to the cause of tho
proletariat against the ruling class of
the entire world. They have now
shown their truo colors as intellectual
prostitutes by taking up thc cudgels
in behalf of reaction and tyranny at
tho first opportunity afforded by a real
assault upon the privilego and power
of the ruling class by tho revolutionary
working clasB. As an indication of
tho sort of compnny these labor renegades and intellectual prostitutes con
sort with tho following precious docu
ment issued by the "Whito Guard'
government of Finland quite clearly
sets forth.
Hail, Germans I
"Friends, allies! Welcome to our
shores! Wo, too, shall now rise to
battle; we, too, havo, at last, the opportunity to align ourselves against
the destroyers of nations, against oppression and barbarity. Gladly and
proudly shall we step alongside you.
Welcomo to Finland I
"You, Germans, havo been our
teachers in the arts of poace and
war. To your land we went to lenrn
when nations rivaled only in the field
of science, art, economic anoY intol-
lectual activity. In that rivnlry also
you held the highest place and thnt is
why wc obtained our best learning
from you.
"And when the terrible trial of
strength with nrms and all means began betwoen nations, our most enthusiastic young men hurried ovor to
you to lenrn, whilo battling in your
ranks, the glorious art of victory.
'' Throughout this long, year-to-
year conflict wc have admiringly observed your magnificent fighting. Wo
have had to keep our thoughts hidden
and restrain our tonguos. We huve
not beon able publicly to show how
«ur thoughts, hearts and sentiments
dwolled with you while you wore
broaking the horrible iron shnckles
which were being prepared for you,
for us nnd for many other nations,
to subdue your great strength nnd to
destroy us, smnller, altogether. Now
wo can express our sentiments, give
vent to our admiration and gratitude; n6V our thanks nre due in public; now wc shall join to you with
our enthusiastic, blooming strength.
"We come to your sido as allies,
frienda,
"Wc havo seen that in this battlo
of nations your, and only your, arms
have oponed ways to freedom for
small nations. Your steely strength
has smashed and will further smash
the powers of the egotistic nations of
rulers nnd oppressors. That is why
we trust in you nnd with calm, confident minds, bright look nnd unfaltering steps come together with you to
wage the common flght.
"The cause for which you havo
strained your Btrongth, shed your
blood and sacrificed everything, is
great, most important, dear nnd blissful to you. Our, the Finns', cause is
equally great, dear and lofty. And,
if possible, we regard it even greater
and .more blissful. Wo hnve just beon
introduced to the freedom which has
been yours for centuries. We look
to life ns a youth who goes out to
the world with big hopeB and lovely
mind. That ifl why we want to exert
all our strength, that is why we rely
on you, nnd thnt ia why we are con-
dent of victory.
"Hail, Germans! Welcome to the
shores of our dear Finland. Hnil,
friends, allies!"
This choice document hns boen clip-
pod from the World, of Oakland, Cal.,
which states thnt it has boen published at the request of thp Finnish Socinlists of the United States for the
purpose of showing thnt thc so-culled
"White Gnnrd" is nothing but nn orgnnization of capitalists aiming nt the
crushing of the Socialist movement in
Hint country. As tho "Red Guard "of
Finland hns boon practically exterminated by thc "White Guard" government, aided by the Germnns, and the
snme will undoubtedly happen in
RuBsin if at all possible, labor Teno-
gftdes and intclloctunl prostitutes who
hurl their missiles of nbuse and vilification nt the Bolsheviki ought to feel
proud of the work they nre doing on
behalf of reaction, tyronny and true
Prussianism. Such foul birds instinctively know where to flock.
Shipyard Workers Resumed Work Tuesday
(Continued from page 1)
Military Service Act
The attention of our male readers is
called to tho notice issued by the Military Servico branch of the department
of Justice, which prescribes the necessary documents to be carried by meu,
who are likely to be considered us coming within the description of Class 1,
under the Military Service Act, and
wliich is published in this issue, in
order that thoy may avoid any unpleasantness which might arise if they
arc not carrying tho documents required
as evidence of not being in class one by
the military authorities.
Empress Stock Oompany Reorganized
The roorifiinizntion of tin EmproBfl/Btock
Compnny Ikih hnndi.il tojcotlu>r onc nf tin*
vory Hurst nctinK casts tlmt linn ever been
nt.m.iiibk-11 niiywlii^ro i>n the continent- nnd
Vancouver int (Hone s cnn look forwnrd with
di-liKhl   to   Home   renl   artistic  net int:   in   nil
tho Empress productions* Tho Empress
management have been negotiating with
Sherman Balnbrldge,  tho plcttira star, nnd
Robert Athon nnd Jerome Hlnddon, two lilg
Eastorn favorite.--.* for ii number of months,
but owing to long contractu, which only ex*
pin*.I   two   weeks  ngo,   it   wns   hnjxiKsihle  to
aoimro them baforo.   Mr. Bninhrltlge was one
of tho most popular film actftrs of the Universal Studios for three nnd n hnlf years,
hut. like nil renl artists, he longed for tlio
siienklnit stnge, whet" he eonlil ili.'-plnv the
best of his talents. Mr, Sheldon nnd Mr.
Athon both put In a season with the movies.
tint pronounced the "cannot" drama as
only a side show to tho speaking stnge.   ***
Chicago—One man wns shot and
slightly wounded and half a hundred
others wero severely beaten recently in
disorders resulting from the strike of
7000 teamsters and truck drivers, who
demand wage increases averaging about
$4 a woek.
Worse Than Poverty
There are many things worse than
poverty. The wise /men of the world
know that the lamp of the soul is cxtin-
gjished quite as effectively by wealth
as it is by lack of means. No mnn
should possess more than he can assimilate.—The Vagabond  (Boston).
Saturday Night's Animus?
Toronto Saturday Night refers to the
plot to "get that man O'Connor." If
that publication would take up the subject of tho plot to "got that man Flavelle," it would bo dealing with a matter that it renlly knows something
about. The malice of a shell contractor,
disappointed through his own inefllci-
ency, is indeed deep-rooted.—Toronto
Financinl Post.
Encourage Co-operative Principles
The economic troubles of Canada will
not end with the wnr. They will really
begin when the nation commences to
my off tlie huge debts it is now crent-
ng. It would stimulate production, so
maph needed to liquidate our national
indebtedness, and greatly diminish the
enormous waste in distribution if the
governments of Canada would encourage the'applicatioii of co-operative principles to commerce, finance and industry.-—Canadian Co-operator.
Patronage and Civil Service
The clause providing that no person
shall use Influence with any minister or
head of a department with respect to un
appointment or transfer in the civil service lias been dropped from the bill.
Somothing should bo included in thd
civil service aet to save the national
railways from political interference.
Unless ihe wuy can be found to abolish
railway patronage, there should be a
hango in thc political head of the department of railways rind canals. The
present arrangement is an invitation to
the patronage forces to continue operations on the weak plnco in the public
service of Canada.—Ottawa Citizen.
In no ense shall more than three days'
pay bo held back.
12. Any employee being laid off, discharged or quitting of his own volition,
shall receive all wagos and personal
property within 24 hours of the termination of his employment.
13. Men required to work ,in oil
tanks, or tanks of boats carrying oil,
or acid tanks, the samo shall be cleaned and steamed according to government regulations. Time and one-quarter shall be paid for exceptionally dirty
work.
14. Men now receiving rntes in excess of the minimum rates herein
quoted will suffer no redaction, except
as justified under provisions of Clause
15.
15. Theso rules to remain in effect
for the period of the wnr. The wage
rates will be revised every three
months according to official information
on the cost of living as published in
tho Labor Gazette of the Department
of Labor of the Dominion of Canndn
as applicable to the Province of British Columbia.
16. Thc adjustment of grievances
aud of rates as provided in Clauses 10
and 15 of these regulations shall be
made by an adjuster nppointed by the
Federal Government on tho joint
recommendation of parties concerned.
In thc event of their being unable to
agree, tho adjuster Bhall bo named by
tho Federal Government on thc joint
recommendation of tho Minister of
Labor and Senator Robertson
Rates of Pay.
Machinists, $0; machinists' specialists, $4.50; machinists' helpers, $4;
boilermakers, $0; shipiltters, $0; rivet-
tor s, $6j chippers, $0 caulkers (steel),
$5.80; flange turners, $0.60; pressmen,
$0; planermen, $5; angle and frame aet-f
tors, $6; punch und shear men, $4.95;
countersinkers, $4.05; drillers and reamers, $4.50; holders on, $4.05; slnb helpers, $4.30; nnglesmiths, $6.60; nnglo-
sraith heaters, $4.50; machino flange
helpers, $4.50; plato hangers (leading
hand), $5.50; plate hangers' helpers,
$4.30; flange fire helpers, $4.50; boilermakers' helpers, $4;30; shipfittors'
helpers, $4; rivet heaters, $4; blacksmiths, $6; blacksmiths' helpers, $4.50;
moulders, $G; moulders' helpers, $4;
furnacemeu, $4.95; casting cleaners,
$4.30; foundry carpenters, $4.95; patternmakers, $7.15; coppersmiths, $0.00;
coppersmiths' helpers, $4; plumbers und
pipefitters, $0; plumbers' and pipefitters' helpers, $4; acetylene welders,
$0; acetylene burners, $5.50; sheet
metal workers, $0; sheet metal workers' helpers, $4; painters, $5.50; painters (bitUmastic), $6.60; electrical workors, $0; electrical workers' helpers'
helpers, $4; operators of locomotive
cranes, $6.60; operators of gantry
cranes, $6.60; operators of double cnble
ways, $6.60; operators of all doublo machines, $6.60; oporators of electrical,
steam or air operated winches and
donkeys, $6.60; operators of single ner-
ial cable ways, $6; oporators of overhead cranes (in shops), $6; steam nnd
electrical operators in power houses,
$0; engineers in charge of boilers,
$5.50; firemen, $4.40; oilers, $5; furnacemeu, $5; operators of single drum
steam, electric or air winches and donkeys, not hoisting, $5; caulkers (wood),
$7.70; shipwrights, joiners, millmen and
boatbuilders, $6.60; riggers, $6; air machine tool men, $4.95; planking men,
$4.95; ceiling men, $4.95; beetlers,
$4.95; hook tenders, $4.40; degree mon,
$4.40; hand hammer clinchors, $4;
woodworkers' helpers (general), $4;
laborers, $3.85.
The terms of this ngreoment. are to
be effective ns from June 1, 1918, except that employoes engnged in the
wood shipyards on ships being built
for the Imperinl Munitions Bonrd are
to be compensated on the basis of a
ten per cent, increase over old rateB
from Februnry 1, 1918, to June 1, 1918,
and the rntes ua set forth above to
apply after dune 1, 1918.
Orgnnizer Watchman in following up
the report stuted thnt they hnd been
unable to get the retroactive pay for
tho men in the contrnct shops, and explained the position tnken by the employers, which is "thnt the contracts
on which they were working during the
retroactive pny period hnd been completed, nnd thnt' thoy considered it
would be impossible for them to pny
this money ns it would mean a direct
loss to them."
He nlso referred to the position of
the boilcrmnkers nnd tho electricians,
stating that the boilermakers had been
nt all times consistent in thc attitude
they had adopted, which was acting
under the instructions of their inter-
national that they were not to sign
any agreement which would Inst longer
than August 1st of thiB yenr.
Congratulates Men.
He congratulated the men on the
stand taken, nnd referred to thc criticism which had been leveled at them
by the press, which had not always been true. Speaking of the returned soldiers, he said tbat in spite
of the reports to the contrary tho returned men hud proved themselves
good union men, they having with very
few exceptions stood Itiynl tb their organizations.
Business Ageut McCallum and ProBi-
dent linkers having arrived by this
time, the chairman called upon the
first tinmed to give a report as to the
situation in Victorin.
He stated that he had attended the
mass meeting held in the Pnntnges
theatre in Victoria on Sunday afternoon, at which meeting the action of
the joint executive wub endorsed,
Going on to explain the ngreoment,
he stnted that while it was not nil thnt
might havo beon desired, ho felt thnt
it was the best that could bo obtained
the time, nnd pointed out that the
men were protesting ngainst any
further increases in the cost of living,
by the clause providing for an adjustment of wages according to the cost
of living every three months, and that
any revision tuking placo would bo
bused on that factor.
Conditions on Coast.
He was^pf tho poinion thnt tho conditions on thc B. C, coast would bo
as good if not better than they wero
on tho other sido of tho line, pointing
to the fact that the 44-hour week wns
established, nnd thnt conditions wero
very often of greater value than wus
a money increase in wages.
Stabilising Conditions.
In referring to the unrest in the past
few months he said ho conBidored thnt
thc stabilizing of conditions would
work out to the benefit of employers
and employees, and that in tho future
tho men would know just where they
stood
Expressing appreciation of tho manner in which the men had stood by
their principles, he said that no ono
could overlook the feeling of tho pub-
...June 7, 1018
lie under the present circumstances,
and that patriotism could not bo overlooked, no matter how much we might
wish to do so.
Returned Soldiers.
Referring to the returned soldiers,
he stated that they were thc trades
unionists of the past, and we should
not condemn them for the actions of a
few individuals, but give credit to
those men that had stayed with organized labor during tho troubles.
He also voiced bis appreciation of
the efforts of Senator Robertson,
stating that no man could have worked harded for the bringing about of tho
settlement, and that it was due to his
efforts that the mattor was brought to
a successful conclusion.
Business Agent Hardy.
W. Hardy, business agent of the Shipyard Laborers, stated that the men who
had been watching the interests of the
shipyard workera had worked and dono
their best to bring about an amicable
settlement, and had obtained some
things that -were an improvement on
the Murphy award, and had obtained
the retroactive pay.
Referring to the attitude of tho men
he stated that he was of the opinion
thnt the economic power the men had
displayed had something to do with
thc Imperial Munitions Board granting
this pay.
Period of War Agreement.
Ho favflted the agreement, boing
made for the period of the war, as tho
mon wese protected ngainBt any incrcaso in the cost of living, nnd that
nny inerease in wages that may be
gained on the other side would bo
based on thc increase in the cost of
living in that country.
Appreciation of Senator.
Ho also expressed appreciation of tho
efforts of Senator Robertson in bringing about a settlement,
J. Dakers.
J. Dakers, president of the Victoria
Metal Trades Council, then nddressed
the meeting. Ho said in part, that he
had never bofore had the opportunity
of seeing so many trades unionists together ns he had been able to see
through the strike, and referred to the
meeting assembled and the ono held in
Victoria on the provious day.
Referring to tho length of time the
negotiations had been going on prior
to the strike, nnd to the "take it or
leavo it notice" posted in the ynrds
on the eve of thc strike, he stated that
he could not see how the men could
ave acted otherwiso than to strike,
and that thc notice was the denial of
the right of the workers to collective
bargaining.
Complimenting the men on the firm
stnnd they had taken, ho gave as an
instance of thc manner in which
things had been tied up, the' fnct that
the War Yukon hnd had her trial trip,
and ns a rosult of the employment of
unskilled labor, being used, they hnd
burnt out ono of hor boilers, nnd that
one yard had had one of the largest
derricks wrecked.
Incompetency of I. M. B.
He referred to the incompetency of
the Imperial Munitions Bonrd nnd of
their attitude toward thc men, in
scathing tones.
Referring to the ngreement, he stated
that he was not satisfied, and did not
expect that all could be satisfied, but
that he was of the opinion that the
representatives of the men had worked
for the bost interests of all concerned.
Power to Sign Agreement.
Continuing, he said that at the
meeting held in Victoria tho action of
tho executives had boen endorsed, and
thnt he had loft Victoria with power
to sign the agreement.
Boilermakers' Position.
W. Moffatt of the boilermnkerB then
explained the position of the organization ho represented. Ho stated' that
tbey did not wish to discourage the
other organizations going on and signing the ngreement, but that they would
not be a pnrty to it, as they woro in-
structed by the international not to
sign nny agreements that would livo
nfter August 1, but that ho was of
the opinion that theij members would
bo all working in a day or two.
Questions Asked.
Several questions were asked and answered, nnd after somo littlo discussion,
assurances were given that the pay-
mont of the retronctive pay would be
made within 30 days, and that Senator
Robertson had promised that ho would
givo the executive a letter stating that
all mon would be reinstated, as it was
not possible to have this inserted in
the agreement.
Agreement Adopted.
A resolution was then moved to tho
effect thnt the report of the executive
be received, and that the executivo be
ompowcrod to Bign the agreement, and
the men to return to work on Tuesday
morning. Tho ngreement was signed at
midnight by the representatives of the
Metal Trades councils, and the men returned to work on Tuesday morning,
nnd the shipynrd Btrike is now a thing
of tho past. That the men were behind their officers in the notion taken
both beforo nnd during the strike there
can be no doubt, and the statement that
the men are led by minorites, and that
they have no say in the affairs of tho
organization cannot be given any
further credence after tho evident unanimity displayed during the trouble.
DIAMOND  PENDANT
All Platinum, Including chain, (66.60
This pendant has two diamonds ln neat circlets,
and one ln a pear-shaped drop, with filigree
effect,   A neat example of present-day styles.
The instances we give from time to time of lino diamond
jowellery simply indicate Birks' values.   In every other
piece—brooches, bar-brooches, ear-rings, and rings—thoro
appears the same neat and varied effects and equally
moderate prices.      Store Is Open Saturday Evenings
"Tbe-Home of Tin. Diamonds"
#£
Oeo. _. Trorey, Man. Mr.
Oranvillo and Georgia Sta,
The Canadian Bank of Commerce
Capital .$16,000,000 But.	
TEN BBANOHES IN VANCOUVEB DISTBIOT
.113,600,000
SAVINGS BANK BUSINESS
A' savings account will assist you in tie patriotic and personal duty of
conserving your finances. This Bank allows interest at current rates, and
welcomes small as well as large accounts.
—SAVE TOUE MONET—
START A BASE AOOOTOT IX
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't itow away yonr spare cash In
any old- corner where it is In duger
from burglars or flre.
The merchants Bank of Canada offers you perfect safety for year
money, and will give yoa fall banking
service, whether your account la large
or small.
Intereat allowed on savings depo-
O. N. STAGEY, Manager
OraavUle and Pandar
W. O. JOY, Manager
Hastings aad Oarrall
DHJOBPOBATED 1B5S
Bank of Toronto
Assets  $84,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account may be
opened at The Bank of Toronto
in tke names of two or more
persons. In tkese accounts either
party may sign ckeqnes or deposit
money. For tke different members of
a family or a firm a Joint aeeouat Is
often a great convenience. Intereat Is
paid on balances.
Vanconver  Branch:
Comer Hastings and Gambia Stmts
Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt,   New  Wtatminater
The Bank tf British Narth America
Batablisbed ln 1836
Branckes   throughout   Canada   and   at
New  York,  San  Franolsco and Dawson
Savings Dapartmant
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AOO
Trades and Labor Council.
[June 9, 1893]
THE SHAME OF IT
If there were nny moro room for
stains on California's escutcheon in connection with its hnndling of tho Mooney
case, thnt stain was added on Tuesday,
when Judge Franklin Griffin denied*
Tom Mooney n now trial, although admitting thnt the evidence on which ho
was convicted wns perjured evidence,
and that the luw, ns laid down by tho
supreme court, was harsh and unjiiBt,
leaving no rodress for any ono convicted unjustly and illegally.
In thoBo tense times, when an appeal
has gone out from the nation that all
of the peoplo should givo and givo nnd
give again to tho American Red Crou
in order that that wonderful sisterhood
might carry its mission of mercy to the
sick and wounded and dying, the great
state of California, through its chosen
legal representatives blazons forth to
tho world that there is no justice, no
mercy nnd no fairness in the laws of
the state, as Interpreted by those mon
chosen to administer the laws, and in
order that legal rod tape may not bo
frayed, they would deliberately murder
an innocent man whom both tho trial
judge and tho attomey-gencrnl of tho
stato admit was convicted on perjured
testimony.
Labor is onc hundred per cent, patriotic. Lnbor is ono hundred por cent, behind tho government in its offorts to
bring to a Bpcedy and successful termination ItB war agaiiiHt autocracy, but
Thc state of affairs existing at tho
building of the courthouse, Hastings
and Cnmbie streets, unsatisfactory to
union labor. Secretary Geo. Gagen
communicated with Premier T. Davie
that almost without exception the work
wns being done by aliens. The contractor by his persistent and determined
violation of trades rules of the city do-
barred resident voters working on said
building.
Chinese waBh housos and piggeries
were pronounced nuisances in and
around the city.
CHICAGO. — Fifty-one typewritten
pages sotting forth reasons why ho
should not be interned bb an alien
enomy, were presented by counsel for
Count James Minotte, son-in-law of
Louis F, Swift, the packer, whon he appeared beforo Federal Judge Carpenter
in habeas proceedings filed to prevent
his internment.
Dentistry!
Orowiii, Srldfaa ud milafi
mada tba una afcada aa jron own
natural taath.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings 7:80 to 8:80.
Dental nurse In attendance.
COB.   QRAVVILLB   AND   BOBBOI
t     STREETS
Onr 0*1 Drag Store
Phona Sey. 6238
lnbor refuses to sit idly by while a band
of murderous labor-hating cut-throats
wreaks its vengeance on a member of
orgnnized labor, whoso only oifense is
loyalty to his fellowmen.—Chicago Labor NoVa,
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
-At the J. N. Harvey Olothing Stores -
A Union Store for Union Men
We Sell Everything You Men Wear Except Boots
A large stock of Union Goods,
Union Clerks, and a Reliable
Store Guarantee You
A SQUARE DEAL
125-127
Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Tates St., Vietoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign—	 FBIDAT June 7, 1918
'THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE FIVE
Empress
Theatre
PHONE SEY. 2492
Week of June 10th
Another cyclone of laughter
"SAUCE FOR
THE GOOSE"
A Blot of Fun
Don't miss it even if you have
to borrow the money.
Prices:    16c, 30c, 40c.
ORPHEUM
aALLEEf NOW OPEN
Week of June 10th
"OAMOUPLAOE"
A Sketch
EDWIN   BTBVBSS
__        CAST* McOPIXOUOH   	
QABDM3B  jj HABTMAN
HABU,   WELLEB  and O'DONNELL
 DAVIS and PEELE	
THE VALEHTE BBOTHEBS
Coming Juno 17—Madame Sarah
Bernhardt
Evenings.
Matinee:
16c,  SOe,  40c,  55c,  BOo
lfic, 20c, 30c, and 56c
Trades Council Holds
Its Regular Session
(Continued from page 1)
PANTAGES
* sax wns
"THE FOLLIES OF TODAY*
"BBOADWAY OAMILLW
 Other Big Faatnrea
Jack Warner
SHIPYARD v
INN
130 FRONT ST.
Refreshments of every
description supplied
night and day.
^K
VllttBNATIO*^
INION
^TH85WCHr?IFr.,i» tw.^y^j»jJM.
1 «l MX* trtetsem*«•*■■ •—«- *Jt *±_$
t-tmmt^^SiWl
Meat Cutters'
and Butchers'
Union, No. 643
Where you see the above
card displayed it means:
Fairplay to Workers
Contented Merchants
Satisfied Customers
LOOK   FOR  THE   OARD
DON'T BE MISLED
Let your motto be:
NO OARD    NO BUSINESS
1 The mistress of tho household repre-
■mts the "purchasing power." Sho
jm not go on strike, but she ean obvi-
Ite the necessity of striking by demand-
pg tho union label.   m
of the company had gone to Montreal,
and that he had been informed that a
large number of negroes were now being held at the border. The men were
continuing to hold meetings in the
Labor Temple awaiting the result of
the investigation.
The Street Bailway employees reported on lines similar to those outlined in another portion of this issue,
and that they had discussed the Warehousemen's strike and that they had
notified the members not to move any
f;oods which were handled by unfair
abor.
Business Agent Showier reported as
to the Warehousemen's strike and that
ail "men were out and that the com
panics were operating with Asiatic
labor.
The Cigarmakers reported that their
local had placed the Carabana cigar on
tho unfair list.
Del. Watts reported as to the organi
zation of the Hello girls and stated
that within a month they would have
a 100 per cent, organization..
Freight handlers reported that they
had refused to handle the goods
handled by unfair labor.
The Soft Drink Dispensers reported
progress and asked for the support of
organizod labor.
The Brewery Workers reported they
had asked for increased wages and that
they were about to organize the soft
drink workers.
The Boilermakers desired to thank
the Longshoremen for refusing to work
one of the Dollar boats while unfair
boilermakers were employed.
Hotel and Restaurant employees reported as to unfair restaurants and to,
progress made, stating that trouble at
the Hotel Vancouver was settled tem
porarily.
Musicians reported that no band concerts wero being held and that they
wero being askod to play for pre-war
rutes in tho parks.
The barbers roported progress in organizing the shops in the city.
Under the head of new business a
resolution was introduced asking for
a vote of censure on the Federationist
for the cartoon published on May 24,
which was against the principles of international trades unionism and calculated to causo dissension in the unions.
Tho cartoon was under the caption of
'' One King, One Country and One
Flag," und was suggested as a new
house flag for the C. P. R., and was
run in connection with the introduction of negro labor into the C. P. B.
dining car service.
Del. McVety said that local negroes
were not enthusiastic about negroes being imported from Chicago and that
he recognized the internationalism of
labor and that the cartoon was not designed to cast any reflection on any
race, rather to east reflection on men
introduced as strikebreakers and tho
company for its action in importing
them.
Del. Kavanagh stated the cartoon
was ill-advised and thftt anything
which tends to draw a contrast between workers of different nationalities
was not in the best interests of the
movemont and movod, as au amendment, that in the opinion of this coun-
t-il this cartoon was not in the best interests of the organised labor move
ment.
The delegato who moved the motion
stated that thero were twelve million
of the negro race in the States and that
their race had been used as tools of
tho capitalists, but the time had come
when the distinction must be wiped
out.
Del. Cotterell stated that he favored
tho resolution and stated that a mistake had been made and that it should
bo admitted. Tho amendment was
adopted.
Del. Harrison of the Civic Employees
movod that the secrotary write to the
eity council asking that steps be taken
to prevent tho molestation of children
by Asiatics at the Georgia street
grounds. Ho instanced a case where
his organization had already secured a
conviction ngainst one individual, who
had been lined $50. Tha president and
Del. McVety suggested that the coun
il hud already voiced an opinion
against singling out any race and suggested that tho motion be amended.
Del. Kavanagh also favored tho motion boing amended as he pointed out
that youths of 17 and 18 years of age
were as much a nuisance as were any
Asiatics,
Del. McVoty moved as an amendment that the chief of polico bo written to asking him to take action to protect young girls from molestation.
Dol. Midgley moved a special committee bo appointed to go Into the
question of the organization of the
Asiatic workers.
Committees appointed:
Del. McVety, Midgley and Youngash us committee on wage scales.
On Asiatic question, Del. Midgley,
Miss Gutteridgo, Winch, Mackenzie
and Showier.
A motion instructing the secretary
to write tho provincial and Dominion
governments asking for the abolition
of election deposits in Dominion and
provincial elections and proporty qualifications in municipal elections was
adopted.
Amendment to constitution introduced by notico of motion re election of officers by proportional representation basis was reud a first time.
The following dologates wore obligated: Plumbers, F. Errington; I. L.
A. Auxiliary, N. Lumbers; Electrical
Workers, H. W. Watts, E. H. Mucey,
W. Daley;   Amalgamated   Carponters,
Reginald Frost; Bakers, A. E. Beaky;
Steam and Operating Engineers, Wm.
Walker, Frank Hunt, L. A. Robertson;
Lathers, No. 207, A. P. Surges; Typographical, Geo. Bartley, B. G, Marshall,
E. W. Summers, W. B. Trotter, W. H.
Youhill; Butchers, A. Turner; Hotel
and Restaurant Employees, Madge
Dunn; Oil Refinery Workers, B. Bias-
singame, A. Young, W. M. Baird;
Street Railway Employees, R. E. Bigby.
The council adjourned at 10.15 p.m.
i
FH
By Rubbing It in Good and
Plenty Their Eyes
May Open
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
EASTERN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT FABlENftEl AOENT, 60S HASTINOS W., VANCOUVER
Telephone Seymour 2482
Experience May Be a Dear
School But It Is a
Good One
Yes, fellow slaves, I repeat "the
workerB' friend''—but, unintentionally. From the time these emissaries of
.the parasitic class stolo the seats at
Ottawa they have gradually tightened
tho screws 'until today the workers
have no rights, but are weighed down
with everything but the iron shackles.
The freedom of the press (save the
mark) is no more—even our labor press
is not permitted to publish a true and
full account of things as seen from
the workers' standpoint; the right of
free speech—a principle for which our
forebears shed their blood—is denied,
so that we are left today without a
vestige of that which we wero pleased
to call "liberty."
Previous to tho enforcement of the
Military Service Aet we were informed, through tho medium of the press
and by means of government advertisements, that men with bona fide conscientious objections would be exempted from military service. Today men
are put into jail because they have the
courage to stand by their convictions
and refuso to do that which according
to their view is not right. I appeal to
the intelligence 'of every fair-minded
citizen-—does not a man prove his bona
fides by the very fact that ho would
sooner go to jail and have indignities
hoaped upon him rather than disobey
the dictates of his conscience! But of
courso today we are not permitted to
have a conscience.
If a man does not obey the will of
the powers that be he iB immediately
dubbed "pro German." Even this term
haB been applied by the capitalistic
press to those who are on strike today
—those who are trying to alleviate the
conditions of themselves and their fellow-workers by endeavoring to get a
living wage and to guarantee their
brother workers overseas better work'
ing conditions when the time arrives
for them to return to civilian life.
Shortly we are to be treated to another pettifogging stunt—to wit—tbe
registration scheme. At a recent meeting of a "society" club, a lady asked
the government representative whether
the schemo had any military significance. She was answered in the affirmative. Yes, fellow workers, it is a safe
bet that not only hns tho scheme indirect military significance, but also that
it is the thin edgo of the wedge for
tho conscription of labor.
Truly tho Unionist government is the
friend of the worker. By a gradual
tightening of the screw they are bring
ing those who toil to a fuller realization of what their position in society
is today. "Lay on MacDuff "—there
are just a few notches left—but
careful that tho screw has no flaws in
its makeup, otherwise there might
possibly be a reboflnd—the pendulum
might slip back, the workers' eyes may
be opened, and then—I P.
IMPORTANT POINTS
FOR OUR READERS
Always  Notify Post  Office of Tour
Change of Address and Receive
Tour Paper Continuously
Thc Victoria local of the Painters,
Decorators and Paperhangers haB subscribed for Tho B. C. Federationist in
a body.
Having placod over ono thousand new
subscribers on our mailing list during
tho pust week, we deem it necessary to
point out to these, as well as our other
readers, that considerable annoyance
can be avoided if they will immediately
notify tho post office, or the mail carrier, of their new address when moving.
The post office departmont notifies us
every week of all changes of addresses
handed in to them for this pnper, hence
if you don't wish to miss any issues, bo
sure to notify tho post office of your
chango of address, and also be sure to
supply thom with your old address.
Anothor important point wo would
like our renders to tako note of is tho
mattor of not destroying this paper
when through with it. Always puss it
on to a neighbor, or place a "one-cent
stamp on it and send it to a friend.
A nation never has enemies. /Tho
stnte is rarely freo from them. The
real nation is expressed by its art, literature, music, poetry, humanity, etc.,
and those nre all truly international
Thc state consists of interests, political
interests, commercal, military, nnd dy
nnstic interests. The sentiments of a
stato aro prestige, dignity, honor, otc.
The issues uro boundaries, mnrkcts,
spheres of influence and tho like. It
is from this realm thnt wars grow,
The world today has forgotten the nn
tion and is interested wholly in the
stato. Inter-state relationships bring
suspicions and war, hence tho great
need of the hour is inter-national ro
lationships. These will bring friend
ship, confidence, trust, disarmament,
and peace.—Rov. W. Ivons.
A Few Crafts Now on Strike
But Outcome Looks
Favorable
Toronto has been extremely fortunate in regard to the strikes that have
taken place at the beginning of the
industrial year, watch, generally speaking, dates from May 1st. While several of the crafts^ found it necessary
to call their members out in order to
secure wage increases, shorter hours, or
improvements in working conditions,
no hard feelings have been developed,
and upon readjustments taking place
the old harmonious relations have been
quickly re-established.
Most of the difficulties that arose
have now been cleared off the boards,
the carpenters, electrical workers,
bridge and structural iron- workers,
plasterers, plasterers' laborers, bricklayers and masons, machinists, photo-
engravers, patternmakers, painters and
decorators, have all been able to enforce increases, and several of them to
reduce their hours of labor as well.
The plumbers and steamfltters are reopening negotiations with the employers looking to an advance, but expect
to secure results via the conference
route, while the boot and shoe workers
are busy rearranging prico lists before opening negotiations with the
local boot and shoe manufacturers, and
as their relations have been most
friendly for some time now, it is confidently expected that satisfactory agreements can be secured.
The strike of the metal polishers at
the Canada Cycle & Motor company at
Weston iB still on, and has developed
into a test of endurance.
The sheet metal workers are clearly
winning out in tho fight for 60 conts
per hour, and thore is no longer any
ddubt as to the roBult. as every day
tho number of men on strike has steadily dwindled as moro firms sign up.
The iron moulders have the struck
shops all tightly'tied up, and tho members of the union are solidly lined up
and make a big show at the Labor Temple every morning.
The civic employees have made a
fair proposition to have a board of
investigation appointed by tho Minister
of Labor to report on their demands
for a further "increase in their wages,
A great socialist congress will take
place in Vienna on May 30 at which
representatives from all over Austria
wilf tako part, according to the Vienna
Arbeitcr Zeitung, as quoted in an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Copenhagen. It is added that the Socialist
leaders are justified in summoning such
conferences only in cases of urgent
necessity.
Great Millinery $ale
BIG REDUCTIONS IN ALL MILLINERY
Panamas and Untrimmed Straws, $1.45 up
See for Yourself
1632 Oranvllle Street
"At this time of reports and grent
shortages of shipyard labor, it is important for tho country to note thnt
these reports do not emnimte from tho
ship yards themselves, but from those
who have no knowledge of the renl
situation," writes William E. Hall, nn
tional director of the United Stntes
public service reserve, Washington, to
Chnirman Hurley of the shipping board.
Somo .S0,000 women arc needed to
tako tho places of the British soldiers
who were lent last yoar to tho farmers,
but ennnot bc spared on the same scale
ihis year.
EXPLANATION
TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC
WE had not planned when we opened
the temporary quarters for The Vancouver City Betail Fish Market to have sueh
a response to our opening announcement.
Our organization was not prepared to take
care of such crowds as have visited these
temporary quarters. We served over 700
people on Monday, our opening day, and
yesterday more than twice that number.
Nevertheless, we have increased our facilities as much as possible under present conditions and will in future endeavor to serve
one and all in suoh a manner as will ensure
. satisfaction.
To the many who have, during the paat
two days, .visited our present quarters, we
wish to extend our appreciation for their
hearty response.
WE wish to impress upon you that it was
not our fault, as lessees of the Vancouver Oity Betail Fish Market, that the
new building was not completed for occupation on the date promised, but to the inaction of the Vancouver City Counoil, henoe
the make-shift.
We expect, however, to be able within
the course of several weeks to have everything in shape to take care of your individual needs.
Not only wiU our market be clean and
sanitary, but we will have an up-to-date
phone and delivery system to cover all sections of the city. Our stook of fish will be
as complete as the market affords, with all
kinds of Fresh, Smoked and Frozen Fish,
and our prices will be the lowest on the
Pacific Coast.
The past two days have proven to us the necessity of such a market as we
are conducting.  COME AND BRING YOUR PENNIES.
THESE PRICES ARE FOR
CONSUMERS   ONLY
Codfish, per lb  Ht)
Sole, per lb  5$
Herring, per lb  2t?
Bock Cod, per lb  5^
Salmon, per lb., all seasons, frozen .... _t)
Flounders, per lb  *,t)
Skate, per lb    fit)
Crabs, nice large ones, each 10^
Chum Salmon, per lb., all seasons .... 5*f.
Black Cod, per lb  It)
All other Salmon in season, per Ib  8^
Salt Herring, Scotch cured, British Columbia pack; 3 for  _e)
Bloaters, per lb  5^
Kippers, per lb 10^
Cod Fillets, per lb. ..„ 15f.
Smoked Cod, 2 lbs. for 3&t)
Halibut, whole or half, per lb 15f
The Vancouver City Retail Fish Market
FOOT OF GORE AVENUE
CANADA
PUBLIC NOTICE
DOCUMENTS TO BE CARRIED
by every male person who is not on active service in any of His Majesty's Naval or Military
Forces, or in the Naval or Military Forces of any of His Majesty's Allies, and who apparently
may be, or is reasonably suspected to be, within the description of Class One under the
Military Service Act, 1917, who for any reason may have claimed that he is not within Class
One under the Act.
■J^OTICE ia hereby fiveii that, under the proviaiona of an Order in Counoil
(P.C. 1013), of the 20th April, 1918, upon and after the lit day of June,
1918, erery male person who ii not on active service in any of Hii Majesty's
Naval or Military Forces, or in the Naval or Military Forcea of Hia Majesty's
Allies, and who apparently may be, or is reasonably auapeeted to be, within
the description of Claaa One under the Military Service Aot, 1917, by whom
or on whose behalf, it ia at any time affirmed, claimed or alleged that he ia not,
whether by reaaon of age, status, nationality, exception, or otherwise, within
Class Ono under the Military Service Act, 1917, aa defined for the time being
or that, although within the Baid Class, he is exempted from or not liable to
military service; ahall have with him upon hia penon at all timet or in or
upon any building or premises where ho at any time ia,
AGE
If it be claimed that he ie not within the claaa by reuon of tee, an official
certificate of the date of his birth, or a certificate of his age signed by two
reputable citizens residing in the community in which he lire* and baring
knowledge of the faot; or
MARRIAGE
If it bo claimed that he is not within the Class by reaaon of marriage, a
certificate, cither official or signed by two reputable citizens residing in the
community in which he lives and having knowledge of the facts, certifying to
hia marriage and that his wife is living; or *
NATIONALITY
If it bc claimed that he is not within the Class by reason of his nationality,
a certificate of his nationality signed by a Consul or Vice-Consul of the foreign
State or Country to which he claims his allegiance is due; or a passport issued
by the Government of that Country establishing his nationality; or
ACTIVE SERVICE
If it bo claimed that he is excepted as a member of any of HiB Majesty's
Forces or as having since the 4th August, 1014, served in thc Military or
Naval Forces of Great Britain or her Allies in any theatre of aetual war and has
been honourably discharged therefrom, official documents or an official certificate evidencing the fact; or
CLERGY
If it be claimed that he is excepted aa a member of the clergy, or of any
recognized order of an exclusively religious character, or is a minister of a
religious denomination existing in Canada on 29th August, 1917, or ox being a
member of any other society or body, a certificate of the fact signed by an
office-holder competent so to certify under thc regulations of the church, order
or denomination, society or body, to which he belongs; or
EXEMPTION
If it be claimed that he is exempted from or not liable to military service
by reason of any exemption granted or claimed or application landing under the
Military Service Act, 1017, or tho regulations thereunder, his exemption
papers, or a certificate of the Registrar or Deputy Registrar of the district
to which he belongs evidencing the fact; or
OTHER CUSS
If it be claimed that he is not within the Class, or tbat he is exempted, not
liable or excepted upon any other ground, a certificate of two reputable citizens
residing In the community where ho lives having knowledge of the fact upon
which the claim is founded and certifying thereto;
FAILURE TO CARRY REQUISITE EVIDENCE
If upon or after thc 1st day of June, Mils, any biicIi male person be found
without the requisite evidence or certificate upon his person or in or upon the
building or premises in which he is, he shnll thereupon be presumed to be ft
person at the time liable for military service and to bc a deserter or defaulter
without leave;
PENALTY
And he shall also be liable upon summary conviction to a fine not exceeding
$M or to Imprisonment fnr a period not exceeding one month, or to both sikoh
fine and imprisonment; and moreover, any sucb person may forthwith be
taken into military custody and may he there detained and required to perform military duty in tho Canadian Expeditionary Forco so long as his services
shall l>c required, unless <>r until tho fact bo established to the satisfaction of
competent authority that he is not liable for military duty.
• FALSE CERTIFICATE
The use, signing or giving of any euch certificate as hereinbefore mentioned shall, if the certificate bn in nny material respect lalse or misleading to the
knowledge of tho person using, signing, or giving tho same, be an offence,
punishable, upon summary conviction, by a penalty not exceeding five hundred
dollars, and by imprisonment for any term not exceeding aix months and not
less than one month.
ISSUED BY THE MILITARY SERVICE BRANCH
OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.
Ottawa, May 21, 1911. PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
..June 7, 1918
FACTS
Are Stranger
Than Fiction
TWIN BUTE Overalls and Shirts are manufactured from British and Canadian cloths.
These cloths are exposed to the hard wear of
the front line trenches in France, and have stood
the severest of tests. The war has created an
extraordinary demand upon materials, consequently creating a "scarcity of supply.
TWIN BUTE
Overalls
and Work Shirts
are cheaper than other Union
Vancouver made garments
Because—
Our machinery is modem, the latest of its kind.
Consequently production is greater. Tho
operator has a weekly pay cheque from actual
work, rather than the assistance of a bonus
owing to obsolete machinery, which extra cost
you are asked to pay for under the guise of
extra quality. Compare TWIN BUTE garments with any other when you wish to purchase.
If not now, you will soon find out it is
economical to demand only Twin Bute Brand.
JAB. THOMSON fe B0N8, LTD.
VANOOTJVEB
fEDERATlOMST
MEN'S HATS
FOR LATEST
PANAMAS AND STRAWS
SHOWINO OO TO
THE BLACK and WHITE
HAT STORE
OOBNBR HASTINOS AND ABBOTT STS.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
<^4_ixi?ti&&
NABOB,
fCOFFEE^
Food LiceuHo
No.  6-G54
IF you want good coffee,
the very best—ask for
NABOB.
Nabob Coffee is the perfect
coffee in the perfection container.
The Poll Tax and Other ThingB.
Editor B. C. Federntioniat:—Since it
ib un international forgone fnct that
the workers will gain political control
of the universe in the very near future,
there is no neod to enlarge upon the
irritating stings of a dying political
group of drones, but we might while
away a few moments examine their
last spasmodic efforts in political
camouflage.
Organized labor in our locality has
gone on record as being oposed to this
provincial poll tax. Tho people did not
want it and that's the reason they got
it.   Funny, but true.
The minister of justice and his 73
legal confreres at Ottawa recently informed our TradeB and Labor Council
that a person in ClaBB I is a soldier
l  leave, without  pay,  with permiu-
Bion."   Funny, but true.
Now if our provincial assembly, by
and large, stato tn their legal enactment that "a soldier in tho services
be exempt," how is it that hundreds of
Clnss I men have 'experienced tho
operation of poll tax extraction. My
query letter to the Attorney-General
wns answered with thunderous shrieks
of oilonoo. i Ottawa tells me I nm a
Soldier*.   Victoria says no*.
As a mechanic I find it tiroiomc to
continuously cheek up omr Attorney-
General on points of law. Since wc
are told that thore .must be equality
in law, how is it that the recent legislation covering the point of no distinction twixt the volunteer and conscript doos not hold good when it con-'
cerns this $5 extraction.
All Class I men became soldiers at
the moment of tho passing of the Military Service Act, This Ib the blanket
ruling of Ottawa, honco why tho contrary opinion of our provincial legislators. If the Attorney-General can persuade my 0. C. that I am not, and
have not beon a soldier since the pass-
ng of the Military Service Act, then
he is more gol darn eloquent than I.
My poll tax receipt of a recent date
I shall have framed as a memento of
the undaunted coIosbbI impudence of
our provincial group, likewise to ahow
■my childron in the days to como, tho
cdulity and patience of the presont
race. Orlando, how we are gouged!
Whilst dealing with maters military,
draw the attention of the returned
men to the fact that strikes must continue until Ottawa chooses to regulate
the prices of commodities—all samee
England, you savce him—otherwise
worker might receive $100 a day for
his labor and still starve to doath. The
price of commodities will regulate the
tenor of the demands of the workers.
And, ;just because I receive $1.10
day in Steveston or at Yprcs is no
criterion what my fraternal brethren
should rocoivo in Honolulu.
If Bttips or other war materials aro
required, let Ottawa throw off the
camouflage that hides the true valuo
of a $1 greenback. It iB not the cipher
on the note, but, itB purchasing valuo of
food, clothing and shelter which is the
worker's recompense for his labor,
proven by the fact that thc average
worker cannot show a bank book
decorated with the same mathematical
symbols as contained in the records
of finance of the war time—and any
othor time—profiteer..
Intellectual statesmen can forsee the
position that the manual nnd professional workors of the world will occupy
in tho near future, and any stntcBman
who seeks to further camouflage our
workers, our doparting soldiers, our returning soldiers, and to pcrpetunto the
misery, crime and degradation of this
present era, holds himself up aa a laughing stock to tho majority group in society, tho useful group.
Tours fraternally,
PTE. S. H. COOKE, C. G. R.
Care of Federated Labor Party,1
Vancouver.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
■fthe married peoplo had to be called
upon, and they responded in splendid
style. But I think in ladies races, the
long-legged ones ought to be handicapped. It seems to me the short-legged
onos haven't got much of a show. Thero
was one young married woman from
Enst Wellington that had long legB, and
the othorB hardly got a look in. Some
of them went head ovor kettle trying
to keep up. The next was married
men's race, and thc prize was an
American $6 gold piece. Tou ought to
have seen the competition for that
chunk of Tankce gold. When the starter got them on tho scratch, you could
see that gold piece showing in every
eye that waa in battle formation. Finally he got them nil on the scratch, and
they got away and when they got to
the rope something waa wrong. The
starter either Btarted them wrong, or
the atopper didn't stop them right, and
thoy had to run it over again. And thoir
blood was surely up tho second try,
and you could Bee the grass was going
to fly this time. Finnlly ho got thom
nway again, and ono man won the cove-
tod coin, and when ho made an examination of it;, ho found it was a Yankee
eent gilded over. It was a dirty trick,
and I believe our socretary vra_ the instigator before the fact, They were
figuring on an old man's Taeo, and I
would nave gone into that myself if
tho others had been pretty well spavined up. I think I would havo won it,
but the treasurer was busted, and they
couldn't work any $5 stunt on the old
boys, so tho maBter of ceremonies called
us together to sing "God Save Ireland" before we wont home to get
ready for the next time.
J. HOGKINSON.
Nanaimo, B. C, June 4, 1918.
WITHOUT A PEER IN THE LAND*AS A
DELIGHTFUL AND WHOLESOME
BREAKFAST DISH
BEGIN YOUR DAY WITH THIS
APPETIZING CEREAL
ARE YOU USING IT?
Ask for It Today at Your Family Grocer's
Editor B. C. Federationist; We hold
a rousing meeting in the Labor hall on
Friday night, whilst waiting for the result of tho settlement of the strike.
Several of thc delegntcs spoke, and aB
tho telegram arrived and wus rend by
tho president, Ben Simmons, the members of the meeting would discuss tho
pros and cons. B,it nfter quite a lot of
discussion, onc member got up and explained that the Metal Trades council
had been put to a great deal of expense
und were very much in debt, when at
that vory moment your humble scrvnnt
walked in with a telegram, rfnd being n
bit of u public entertainer, thc whole
of the meoting culled for me to give
them a song. I tried to get out of it,
not having nny music with me, but that
would not suit thc meeting. Sing I had'
to, so I told them if they would mnko
n collection for thc Metal Trades coun
cil, I would sing. I immediately took
my hat, with about six others, and col
loctod $74. Woll, being an old Salvation Army man (and knowing the
game) I told them they would hnve to
make it $10(1, nnd went round the boys
again, and we cleared $105.20. I think
the Metal TradeB council is now out of
debt. I am sorry I do not know the
names of the others who Bang, but Mr.
Findlay spanked tho piano, Mr. G. Mc-
nclaws and two others Bang, and so ended a very onjoyablo evening, and I
would recommend that a meeting of nil
thc local unions be held about once a
month, because we have plenty of talent and (ns a matter of fact all the talent is in tho workers). A very enjoyable evening might be spent, nnd the
members of the different locnls would
become better acquainted.
TOM DOOLET.
Editor B. C. Fcdcrutionist: Thc Fed-
ernted Labor Pnrty of Nnnnnimo held a
sucossful picnic at Departure Bny on
Sunday, June 2. It waa fairly well attended, considering tho orratic attitude
of the weather man, nnd being tho first
picnic of the s*»on. Also the Coal
company held a picnic under the name
nf the Ambulance clnss, which was at-*
tended by about two dozen of tho faithful to recoivo the annual smile under
picnic conditions. The Federated Labor
Party hnd aprcinl boats running, and
Home went by cars. Husband's orchestra supplied the dance music. Thc local
secretary nominated himsolf to boil the
water, nnd nppointed myself to cut the
wood nnd fire the boiler. And we must
give him due credit, for carrying out his
part of the programme. Thero was dancing on the green nnd then our secretary took up a collection, nnd collected
about $10 to got up races. The first
race was for the little kiddies, which
gave thc stnrtor something to do to get
them all on the scratch. Some went
ono way, nnd fiomc wont nnother, but I
think In the ond they nil found their
mothers; then tho young ladles were
too Hhy.   They wouldn't tackle it, so
Somebody ought to buy a ticket to
Toronto and call on tho editor of the
Toronto Saturday Night. He needB to
be told a thing or two. And, apart
from that, he Bhould be well worth
talking to. He's got somo of tho
craziest notions in his bean that ovor
a mortal was befuddled with. In this
woek'a edition of "the paper worth
while," he urges the government to
shoot the loaders of the recont Winnipeg strike. Doddering in Mb dotage,
he admits that ho knows nothing of
the merits of the dispute, and, in the
snmo breath, ho is firmly convinced
thnt the men had no right on their
side. Thon, after mumbling with
words for a while, ho comos out, very
definitely, with the statement that
agents of the strikers tried to burn
down the city. That doesn 't seem bad
enough, after he's written it and looked it over, so he says that there is no
doubt that the leaders were in the pay
of the pro-German propaganda of the
Unitod States. He thinks tho governmont ought to havo conscripted every
striker—mnn and woman—nnd he ends
his drivelling nonsense by giving the
authorities n sure proscription for
future use in such cases—and hia prescription is thc bullet. Whnt do you
know nbout all that, ehf And the
lunatic nsylums not nearly filled.
•   *   •
A few days ngo, tho constituents of
Messrs. MncLcan, Armstrong and Steele
called on thom to resign their scats
because of their attitudo towards tho
conscription of farmers. Of course
they refused to do any auch thing.
Resign, indecdl What did thoso stupid
constituents of theirs think, nny way 1
That their members wore in parliament
to represent themf The absurdity of
the idea! Why, if that were so, this
country would be nlmost democratic.
No, indeed. Messrs. MacLoan, Armstrong and Steele don't have to give
a hoot whether they represent their
constituents or not. Thoy have threo
comfortable seats at Ottawa, and
they're blooming well going to sit in
them just as long as over they can.
They had a hard enough time jollying
their way into them, and it would bo
altogether too bnd if they had to givo
them up just whon thoy had tho right-
sized dents made in the upholstery to
fit. those parts of their anatomies on
which thoy sit down.
»■*'.#
Sir William Mackenzie nnd Sir Donald Mann are still inseparable. No
doubt, their inseparability became an
unshakcable habit during tho long
yenrs they knocked nbout together,
picking up railroads nnd dollars and
knighthoods and such like. Now, in
thoir declining yenrs, they can't even
be wicked separately. At least, so it
would seem from tho fact that Bir Dan
hns just been fined ten bucks nnd costs
for speeding on the Hnmilton highway
the othor Friday, and Sir Bill should
hnve beon (for ho wns caught speeding there, too, that day) only he,
somehow, forgot to turn up in answer
to his summons.
«   •   •
The Great Onea nro amusing, aren't
they? Did you henr nbout the latest
antics of Kowoll, tho presidont of the
Privy Council! In case you didn't,
let us tell you about them. They throw
quito an interesting light upon tho
methods of our Ottawa brothers. It
seems thnt, like a lot of other people,
he wanted to be thought woll of, to bo
acclaimed n shining light in his day
nnd generation. Unfortunately for his
nmbition, he found that ho wasn't
getting a great deal of public aduln
tion, thnt he wasn't regarded as a very
wonderful man after all. He scratched
his head and pondered the situation
dny after day. Suddenly, inspiration
flooded upon him. Gono was the frown
that hnd puckered his noble brow. A
smile of blisBful hope irradintcd his
erstwhile clouded countenance. Ho
had it. He would go in for propaganda
—self-propaganda. Everybody was
propnganding—why shouldn't hot Propaganda was the whole gazabo nowadays. Ho slapped his august knoo and
rang for his privato secretary.
*   •   •
In due courso, a series of articles,
signed Donald Hunt, nppearod in.the
Toronto Globe, cracking him up to tho
skies as thc wonder of wonders, tho
saviour of his country, thc doer of
mighty works, the whole cheese.
People began to sit up nnd take notice. They began to wonder whether,
aftor nil, they mlghtn 't have been under-estimating him. They begnn to
tell oach other that he ought to bo thc
next premier—that he ought to have
been premier long ngo. All of which
brought joy agnin to tho life of Mr.
Rowell. He began to stick out hia
chest aa he had been wont, to stride
tho streets with the blythe spring of
his youthful days, to plan for the glor-
iouB time when his dream of tho premiership ennje true.
* •   •
But (alas and alack I) the cat jumped out of tho bag just when everything was going along swimmingly.
Somebody, probably on the staff of
the Globe, cut tho atring, and the cat
ran all over tho placo screaming that
the articles weren't written by Donald
Hunt .at all, but by Mr. Rowell's private aeeretary, Main JohnBon. It was
most embarrassing. And then somo unfeeling wretch! must aak him, point-
blank, in parliament, if what the cat
said was true. He couldn't answer-
he was too miserable for words. But
he didn't need to. His fellow M. P.'s
had only to look in his face of scarlet
shame.
* *   *
Listen to a Bad, Bad tale—a tale to
bring the tears to your eyes in torrents—a tale to wrench at your heartstrings- and cause you to cry out in
horror at the cruelty that could causo
such awful suffering. Out with your
handkerchiefa—the biggest you havo
gotl Better have a couple of sparo
ones handy, as you're sure to drench
at least two beforo you get control of
your feelings. Now, aro you quito prepared! Is your heart strong? If it
iBn't, stop right now—don't read another word—it might prove fatal. Now
then, you havo strong hearts and handkerchiefs handy, listen to mel Mr., McAdoo is going to limit the pay of railway presidents to $20,000 a year! Bool
hool hool
* •    «
Eyes all dry again? Tes. Well,
then, let's see what that really means:
52 into 20,000 goes 384 times and something over—$384 and a few cents a
week. 6 into 384 goes 64 times—only
$64 a day. How on earth aro the poor
dears going to mnke out unless they
are to be allowed to come in on the
patriotic fund or something?
t   *   •
While wo're mathematically inclined,
let's look ovor somo moro figures. The
remuneration paid to bnnk directors in
connection with the sale of the Victory
Lonn comes to $984,395. The Bank of
Montreal wins $141,043; tho Commerce
makes $132,228; tho Royal $113,819;
and tho others losser suras down to
tho Weyburn Securities bank with
$3,396. Bond dealers didn't get quite
so ranch—just $794,285. Wood, Gundy
& Co. topped the list with a nice $60,-
325; the Dominion Securitios camo a
good second with $54,975; and A. E,
Ames & Co., third with $47,000. We
can't find out how much tho pooplo
who did the work got—the clerks who
had to work overtime night after
night. Wo can mako a pretty good
guess, though, that what they got is
represented on paper by a big round O.
* • •
Talking about bnnks, wc aro reminded of the latost advertisement of the
Morchants Bank of Canada*. This bank
incites nil and Bundry to "take the
first step along tho road to independence" by opening a savings account
with them right away. Tho man who
composed that advertisement can't
havo his mind on whnt he is doing, else
he would surely have realized that the
first step is to get tho money. And
ho doesn't need to invito ub to tako
that Btep. We'ro trying our darndest
to—only the plutes aro hnnging on to
our legs, and we are hnving the very
deuce of a time kicking them off.
• •   •
Remember Henryetta, Okla.?    Well,
it has nothing on Edwardsville, 111. Tou
think that's a pretty strong statement?
It is—yet I'll prove it's true for all
that. Anyway, hero are tho facts. Judgo
for yourselves. Someone in Edwardsville whispered to someone else that
one of thoir fellow citizenB, Robert
Praeger, had given voice to a feeling
of sympathy for tho Germans. His
friends and acquaintances laughed at
the idea, as they know Praeger to be a
loyal Americnn. However, tho whisperers prevailed, and eleven heroes volunteered to lay Praoger low or dio gloriously in tho nttempt. The police hoard
of it, and hid Prnegcr in the bnsoment
of the Collinsville town hall. "Down
with the Butcher of Berlin!" yelled
the eleven, and mnde for the Collinsville town hall as fast as their legs
would carry them. Into the basement
they plunged, in reckless valor, soized
upon their prey and straightway sent
him off to Kingdom Come. Thoir gallant exploit o'or, thoy returned in triumph to their fellow citizens to celebrate tho event fittingly. But that is
not tho full extent of EdwardBville's
claim to rank nt least equal to Henryetta
us the home of a citizenry firmly determined to rid thc world for ever of
dirty Hunnish tricks—not by a long
chnlk. Whon thc noble eleven wero
pinched nnd brought, to trial, the jury
of local patriots unhesitatingly acquitted them, ninidBt the frenzied cheering of a packed court houso. That's
giving Henryetta a run, eh? You bet!
And now the good peoplo of Edwardfi-
ville, 111., will have no kick coming
either if thc Germans kill off any of its
pro-Americnn citizens found within
their borders.
* •   •
A cable despatch from London. Englnnd, dated June 2, mnkes the important announcement that the king has
just "solcctcd a length of brown standard cloth to be rande into a fifty-seven
shilling suit for country wear."
Alarming Probability.
 Two   ladies   wore   maried   to
musicians. The one, a bride of a year,
was pushing a baby carriage in which
wero three fine babies—triplets, all
girls. Tho othor lady had been In the
bonds of matrimony a couple of weoks.
'' What beautiful children!'' ox-
claimed the newly marired onc.
"Tes," replied tho proud mother;
"let me tell you tho funniest coincidence. At our wedding supper the
boya who played with my husband ser
enaded him, and thoy played 'Three
Little Maids' from the ' Mikado.'
Isn't that queer!"
At this tho othor brido turned pale,
"Mercy!" she gasped. "At our
wedding Tom's friends serenaded him
nlso, and thoy rendered 'Tho Sextet'
from 'Lucia.' "—Rochester Times-
Union.
—You Can Buy—
English Worsted Trousers
IP YOU COME TO SPENCER'S
—Men's Store, Main Moor
We have a range you won't
flnd the equal of anywhere in
the province. A collection of
all the smart conventional
grey stripes any one would
■wish to be shown'. These
trousers might well be marked
at twice the prices they are,
because they are absolutely off
tho market today. Come and
see them. The prices are 96.50,
$7.00 and $7.60.
We have a sniooth finished
tweed trouser in a small, subdued check that finds favor
with most men, and costs (6.60
We have a business man's
grey worsted trouser that will
oke out a coat and vest of
similar material and prove
very profitable.  Prico $6.60.
WORKING TROUSERS
Strong tweeds in nil kinds
of grey and brown BtripeB and
miitures. This is tho largest
and boat stock in town, replete
with all sizes.   Prices $2.75,
$3.00, $3.60 and $1.60.
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
If you haven't Joined the Federated Labor
Party, get in tench with Secretary Trotter,
Room 200, Labor Temple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the province.        ***
T. B. CUTHBERTSON & 00.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
ISO Oran-rilla Stnet
Sit Haitian Stmt Wirt
OLELAND-DIBBLE ENGRAVING OOMPANY
Limits!
PHOTO BNOBAVEBS — OOMMIEOIAL
AETISIS
Phsua Styneur 7169
Till* FlMr. WMlC B-UM1II
VANOOtrVEB, B. 0.
—Tho only Unlom Sh.p In Vaneo-mr—
TOU'BB   1KB    JUDQBI
of the statement thst oar Offlco Supplies
md Stationers' Sundries stock is tne best
ln B. 0. Come ln and look ns overt
WIRING CONTRACTORS
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvis Electric Co., Ltd.
570 Richards Street
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Templi
VABOOUVBB. B. 0.
—Hoadiinartera tor Labor Men-
Bates*— 76o and )1.00 per day.
0 per *
at ~
fl»>
9 p(
eel
and op.
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL—MEETS
flnt and third Thuredaya. Executive
board: President, G. J. Kelly; vice-president,
P. W. Welsh; aeeretary aud busineu agent,
V. K. Midgley; treasurer, F. Knowles; sergeant-at-arms, J. P. Poole; trusteea: J, H,
MoVety, W. R. Trotter, A. J. Crawford, l\
A. Hoover.
AL1JED PBINWNO TRADES OOUNCIL-
■    MeeU aeooad Monday ia the knout*. Preal-
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNA-
tlonal Union of America, Local No. 110—
Meets aecond and fourth Tnesdaya la Ut
montb, Room 205, Labor Temple. Preaident,
L. E. Herrltt; aeeretary, 6. H. Orant, 1071
Alberni street.
BROTHERHOOD OV CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. 617—MeeU every aecond aud fourth
Monday evening, 8 p.m., Labor Temple.
President, R. W. Hatter, phone Pair. 2893L;
financial secretary, fl. Thom; recording aeeretary, J. R. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomas, Room 208, Labor Temple.
Phone   Soy.  7496.
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
—TiA
Piano Moving
Phone tu day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
■W. 40M-6
Union Station
COAL
Mined on Pacific Oout
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.,
Fair. 8800       1629 Main Street
BROTHERHOOD   OP    BOILER    MAKERS
aad Iron Ship Builders and Helpers of
America, Vancouver Lodge No.  104—MeeU
every Monday, B p.m. Preaident, M. A. Mc-
Eaonern, 1245 Alberni Bt.; Becrotary-trooa-
urer, Angus Praser, 1151 Howe St.; business
agent, J. H. Carmiehael, Roomi 212, Labor
TggjHt.      	
I HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
■ Lofll 2$—Meets overy first Wedneaday in
e month ut 2.30 p.m. and every third
,. -.-tines(luy in tho month at 9.80 p.m, President, Harry Wood; secretary and business
agent, W. Mackonzic, Room 209 Labor Tom-
"in. Offlco hours: 11 to 12 noon; 2 to 5p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OP STEAM AND
Operating Engineers,    Loeal    No.  620—
1 MeeU  every Monday,    7:80  p.m.,    Labor
Temple. President, J. R. Flynn. 810 Moodle
I street, Now Westminster; vice-president,   P
Chapman; secretary-treasurer, W, A. Alexan*
der, Room 216, Labor Temple. Phone Sey.
7496.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 918
—MeeU ln Room 206, Labor Temple
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell atreet; reeordlng
aeeretary, John Murdoch, Labor Temple;
financial aeeretary and business agent, E. H.
Morrison, Boom 807 Labor Temple.	
; INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S AS-
I aoeiatlon, Loeal 8852—OBce and hall, 804
Pender atreet weat MeeU every Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, P. Chapman;
business agent, L. Marshy	
I. L. A., LOOAL 88-62, AUXILIARY—
, (Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 486 Howe atroot.
Meets flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Seeretary and holiness agent, E. Winch.
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBT
One Block weit of Court Honan
Dae of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlon free to all
Patroni.
Tolephono Seymou MM
man*   .'.
-J
1.   SIR
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union, No. 648—MeeU
first and third Tuesdays of eaeh montb,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W.
Lane; recording secretary, E. Letting; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer street.	
I PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OP NORTH j
1     Amorica     (Vancouvor     and     vicinity)—f
Branch meets Becond And fourth Mondays,;
'Room   204,   Labor   Temple.    President,   J*
Bnnfurtli,   Euclid  Avo.,    Colllngwood    Enst;
tiinint'inl socr-lnry and hiisiitetts agent, H.  S.
NtgliUcalos, 276—66th Avo East, South Van-k
couver;   recording secretnry,    E.   Westmorc'.W
land,   3247 Point   Orey  road.    Phono  Bay-]
view 2970L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, FASTENERS ANL1 ■
Riggers, I. L. A., Local Union S8A, Boric*/1
_ -MeeU the 2nd and 4th Fridays of th. J
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J,t|
Sully; flnanclal secretary, M. A. Phelps J
j business agont and corresponding secretary'I
|W. Hardy. Office, Room 219-220, Laboi'l
I Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY Ewl
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meet<-.|
Labor Temple,  eecond and fourth  Wodnes I
daya at 8 p.m.    President, W. H. Cottrell if
treaaurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording aeorcM
tary   ,A.   V.   Lofting,   2561   Trinity   stree |
Phone High.  168R; flnanclal aeeretary am J
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clar I
drive, ofllce eorner Prior and Main street!'|
1 JOURNEYMEN     TAILORS'      UNION    03
1    America, Looal No. 178—Meetings    h*>l
first Monday in each month, 8 p.m,    Prei*
dent,   A.   R.   Gatenby;    vice-president,   V> ■'
Laraen; reeordlng secretary, w. W. Hooker/'
Box 603; flnanolal secretary, T. Wood, P.C
Box 608.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS' AND CHAU1
fears' Union, Local No. 666—Meets ever
Wednesday at 8 p.m. President, W. •
Brown; business agent, J. P. Poole, 4}
Twenty-first avenue eut, Pbone Pair. 716.fi,
financial secretary, Bert Showier, 1076 Bo*
son street. Phone Sey. 6679. OBce, St
Homer street.
I TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226—Mee I
I    last Sunday of each month at 2 p.m,   Pr>|
sident, R. Marshall; vice-president, W. II
, Jordan; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neeland ]
Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Pioducea a Pino Oreamy Lather
ud Doei Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Btick or Cake
Manufactured In British (Monti*
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU l|
annual convention In January. Exeeatl,
officers, 1918-19: President, Duncan Mod.
him, Labor Temple, Vancouver; vlce-prei i
dents—Vancouver Island, Walter Her I
, South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prin
Rupert, W. E. Thompson; Vancouver,
Winch, W. R. Trotter; Now Westminster, 1
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcus Marti 1
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Shermljf
Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A, 8. Wella, B*j
1538, Victoria, B. 0.	
VIOTOBIA, B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES Af;
Labor Council—Moots first and third Wt
nesdaya, Knights of Pytblas Hall, Nor
Park street, at 8 p.m. President, B. 81,
mens; vice-president, T, Dooley; secrets)
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0. Box 3(
Victoria, B. C.
 PBP-TOB BPPEBT.  B.  0.
PRINOE RUPERT TRADES AND LAB(||
Council—MeeU second and fourth Tn> J
days of eaoh month, In Carpentera' hi I
Preaident, S. D. Maedonald; aeoretary, W. "
Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rupert, B. C.,
SOUTH WELLINGTON. V. I.
LOOAL UNION, NO. 872, U. H. W. of A.
MeeU seeond and fourth Sundaya of ea
month, at 8:80 p.m., Richards Hall. Pre
dont, Walter Head; vice-president, Andr
Parkor; recording secretary, Jamea Batema
flnanclal seeretsry, W. Macdonald; trean
er, J. H. Richardson. FBIDAY..
..June 7, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE SEVEN
CREX RUGS
AN IDEAL SUMMER FLOOR OOVERINO
They are cool-looking, sanitary, damp-proof, dirt and dust
proof; ideal rugs for verandah, summer homes and bedrooms,
economically priced.
Size 6x9, prices $11.50 and $13.50
Size 8x10, prioe $15.50 and $18.50
Size 9x12, prices $17.50 and $21
NOVELTY ART RUGS FOR BEDROOMS
A beautiful stock to choose from in delightfully soft colorings with fancy borders—very popular rugs for bedroom use
and great wearers.
Size 18x36, each $1.25   Size 30x60, price ....$3.25
Size 2*1x48, eaoh $1.95   Size 36x72, price $3.95
Size 27x54, each $2.75   Size 4.5x7.6, price $8.75
Canada Food Board Liceniei: No. 5,1482—No, 8,14690   |
\__a._^** natovasmta  iw     nassmt stmmM.itwii eanmouana, \ ^~\)
Granville and Georgia Streets
Which is Right?
—when defects appear in your teeth?
To neglect them—let the tooth go from bad to worse and affect other teeth!
To use home treatmeni^at the best getting only temporary
relief and often doing great harm to the tooth structure?
To seo a dentist—and have the defect corrected right at the
very start?
Come and see me—let me examine the teeth and advise you.
Isn't that the wisest course?
Dr. Brett Anderson
Drown and Bridge gpodlllit
602 Haatinge Street Weat, Oor. Seymonr
Office Open Sally Until 6 p.m.
X-Bar Urns taksa It necessary; 10-yaar guranteoa
given.
PHOME SBT. SS81
Examinations   made   on
phona appointments.
WAKE UP-IT'S NOT AN
UNDERTAKER YOU NEED!
TEN
SUB.
CARDS
$10
ORDER 10 SUB. CARDS
AND PAY FOR THEM WHEN SOLD
Ten or more members of any trades union in Canada may
have THE FEDERATIONIST mailed to their individual
addresses at the rate of $ 1 per year.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
PAINTS
Dependable quality, reasonable price
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 GRANVILLE STREET
Free Homesteads
,    BRITISH COLUMBIA
Along line of P. 6. E. Railway open park line lands. The
finest mixed farming lands in the province.
Good water, best of hunting and fishing. The settlers who
have gone in there are all boosters, as they arc making good.
If you want to go back to the land, write
A. S. WILLIAMSON, Land Cruiser
PACIFIC OBEAT EASTERN BAILWAY
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
WELTON BLOOK
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUY THE PRODUCTS OF THE—
—VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Becaiue tbey are eiual or hotter tban any other similar products, lot
tbem come from wben tbey may
-ASK FOR—
Cascade Beer
THE BEER WITHOUT A PEEB
Alexandra Stout
Silve
Top.
THE DRINK THAT SATISFIES
s»ver soda Water
FULL LINE, PURE FRUIT FLAVORS
An Uncivilized Land
******    ******    ****** , ******
Where Peace Prevails
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
[By General Nicholas Senn Zogg]
(' Zapataland,' * you call our republic,
for here in America yoa still worship
heroes. But we have named it what it
is, the Industrial Union of North and
South America. It la not a country dominated by one man's personality. It
is the socialistic state put into effect.
To you it is astonishing that three
million people have lived for seven
years in a republic in tne heart of
Mexico, without money, without government, without strife. "When you hear
that there is plenty for all there and
yet that no one need work more than
two hours a day—that although divorce
is absolutely free, there has beon no divorce recorded—that although every
man and woman pratcices with a gun,
there has been in that time no known
murder, yoa are astonished. Yet all
this is plain matter of fact to us. It
doos not astonish us. We have lived it.
I have seen Americans smilo involuntarily when I told them that our soldiers can take a vacation at any time
if they merely notify the commander,
that our trains stop wherever we want
to get off, that our newspapers are
printed only when there is news. Tet
—is it not all the natural thingt
We can smile too—as when we hear
people arguing that a country can not
be run without government and laws,
that there must be some ruling power
or there will be chaos. We can smile
just as people smilo at the woman who
looked for a long time at the giraffo in
the circus and then said:
"There ain't no such animal!"
Because all the time the people are
arguing, there is Znpataland, the Industrial Union.   Thore it is.
Wo have one great unwriten law—
that no man shall exploit anothor man.
That is our whole constitution and government. When a man and a woman in
our country go to the school house to
register themselves in. marriage, they
say, for a marriago service:
'' We agree to live together aB man
and wife and hope to bring children
into the world and teach them not to
exploit.''
An American going into tho Union
might say to himself:
"Well, these peoplo look healthy and
well-fed and happy, but thoy are not so
very prosperous after all. Many of them
havo no floors in their houses and wear
nothing but a fow rough garments."
Tho American must not forget that
many Mexicans live in that simple manner from choice. He must compuro their
standard of living not with that of
Americans but with that of the peons
now under Carranza or with that of
thoso same unionists beforo thoir revolution. A rovolution in America would
rosult in a vory different standard of
living.
One thing a stranger must notice in
tho Union. He will seo children over
seven pale and puny, and younger children, oven thoso in the salne family,
plump and mischievous. He could tell
from tho looks of tho children that it
was seven years ago that tho mother and
father began to have plenty of food
and rest. Zapata himself has a weak
little son of ten years and two strong,
young rascals under soven.
Each locality, each industry, rules itself. Thero is no central power. All
the miners in onc mino meet and elect
a foreman to direct them. On the very
same day they can, if thoy like, meet
again, discharge him and elect anothor
foreman in his place. But somo of tho
foremen elected at the founding of tho
republic have proved so efficient nnd so
popular that they nro still foremen.
That is natural, too. A director of work
(not an owner but an actual director)
must always have moro responsibility
and worry than a workmnn. He must
tako his work home with him nt night.
Thereforo in a society whero the director gets no moro for his work and whore
the genoral good depends on his ability,
no man who is not fitted to direct an industry will want to do it. The director
is the choice of the majority, and if
there is a dissatisfied minority, it can
go to another mino or go into another
industry.
Other industries are conducted in tho
snme way. Soldiers meet nnd elect their
officer. Workers on tho railroad meet
and elect their engineer. Parm workors
in a given volley meet and elect their
head farmer. A doctor stnrts a hospital
nnd if his work is liked, nurses and patients go to him. A teacher starts a
school, nnother mnn becomes a markot
mnn. Each stands by virtue of his efficiency, or elso fails. No man calls any
other man raastor or works for any
other man's profit. He may work under
another man, a head worker, not nn owner—but he works only under thc man
he has helped to choose, and ho may
leave that man or that work at any
time.
Workers of each industry meet, make
tho rules to govern that industry, and
set the hours of work, assigning tho
shortest Hours to tho hardest and most
disagreeablo work. Thus an onginecr
works two hours a day, a fireman but
onc. No man is forcod to work if ho
does not wish to, and no account is kopt
of tho hours any man works. Ridicule
is tho only weapon used ngainst a mnn
thnt shirks, but it is sufficient.
Two hours a day is the average time
for labor. But I have seen farm workers labor fourteen and fifteen hours n
day whilo thoy were getting in the
crops and then havo n vacation afterward. Nurses usually work twelvo
hours a day for perhaps two weeks at a
stretch, and then rest for as long as
they like.
Wo havo no systom of direct barter
—a bushel of potatoes for a sack of
sugar. That would bo as bad ns having monoy. In rural districts, thc
people go out to tho forms to got tho
food they want. In the cities, tho farmers bring produco in to thc markets
for tho greater convenience of the
people. Whon u locality wantB sugar,
it sends to tho nearest sugar mill. At
ono large sugar mill, account of the
sugar sent out is kept, not as a check
on othor localities, but just to bo sure
that no locality is left out. Often
word will come from a locality thnt
the people thero havo sugar enough
and hope no more will be sent.
But when we buy from another country, we must of course use monoy, that
is, gold from our mines. Supposo n po-
tato-rnising community wnnts some
farm machinery that must be bought in
thc United States. Its people gather
on the plaza to elect a man tn buy for
thom, All producers, mon nnd women,
may vote, and also all people are told
to do productivo work, but studon's
have no voice. All those that wnnt
one man walk over to one end of thn
plaza, those thnt want anothor, to the
other end, and so tho buyer is elected
He then goes to tho nearest mining
community and asks for enough gold.
There Ib a meeting thore, and as a rule
•■■fthe people voto to give him tho gold—
for what use is it to the miners except
to buy outside of the country such
things as will help make the union the
richer! So the man takes the gold
and goea and' buys the farm machinery.
This machinery doeB not then belong to
the potato-raising locality, however,
but must be passed on when the firBt
locality has finished, to any other agricultural locality that wants it.
When a man wants a house in our
union, he goes before the building de
partment and tells them so. Perhaps
tbey tell him they have a nice empty
house out on such a streot. He looks
at it but reports that he does not like
it.
Well," they say to him, "then filo
your plans hore and we will build you
a houso when your turn conies on the
list."-
He may have a big houso or a small,
as he likes—but of course tho larger
house will be harder to take care of,
and sinco anyone may have one, thero
is no social advantage in a largo
houso. If he asks for a mansion of
sixty rooms, he will get it, but ho will
have to share it with perhaps twenty
other families.
Some of the things that aro done in
the United States as paid work are
not recognized as work in tho union-
such as preaching and making liquor,
Thoro is no law against either, but as
both must be done after regular work
is finished, and as there is no monoy
in either, production of sermons and
liquor has been reduced automatically
to a minimum. Our priests fled during
the revolution. A few preachers have
stayed and are working along with us,
but though they may preach all they
wish, no church has been established in
our republic. There are no lawyers nor
politicians: there iB nothing for them
to exploit. On the other hand, playing
in the band, running a moving picture
machino and taking part in bullfights
are recognized work.
Another form of recognized work is
housework, and this in general iB the
only work women do, for thero is a
strong fooling that home is the place
for them. If they protested, however,
they might be allowed to go into other
industries. Many of them raise food
products as recreation, having their
water melon patches just as women in
the United States havo their rose gardens.
Both men and women serve as volunteer soldiers, and practico daily at targets. Thc union has a true militia of
tho people, and must continue to havo
until thero is no longer danger of destruction by any strong military capitalist power. All tho regulars are volunteers. They meet ond elect their
officers: these officers moot and elect
their head-genoral—and they have
elected Zapata. That is what ho is,
commander-in-chief of tho army. Ho
is no more ruler of thc country than
General Pershing ia of tho United
Statos. Tho soldiers are busy constantly guarding the outposts of tho
land and pushing the boundaries
farther and farther outward into Carranza 's territory. As- these are push
od outward, moro soldiers are noedod
to guard them, and a call is sent out
to the nearest locality for a given number of soldiers—one hundred, six thon
sand, whatever it may be. Always more
como than hnvo boen called, and some
must be sent bnck. They serve n day
pcrhapB, a weok, two wocks—according
to the need. Sometimes thoy ore call
od out just os a drill, to see how road
ily thoy can find their guns and ns*
scmble.
Whenever we push our borders
farther into Carranza's country nnd
nnnox perhaps a groat powor house or
a fertile valley, we fool that we nre
extending tho boundaries of freedom.
But we know thnt wo cannot be entirely free until tho whole world is free.
Our land now occupies ninety-five
thousand square miles. It is a strip
about five hundred and fifty miles long
and approximately ono hundred nnd
seventy-flvo miles wide, running
through tho middlo of the lower third
of Mexico whero it turns to run cast
and west, nnd takes in the eastern
halves of the former Moxican statos of
Michoacan, Guerrero und Onxacn, all of
Morelos, tho western portion of Mexico, Puebla and a few others, and nearly all of Chiapas. We aro wholly surrounded by Carranza's Mexico, have
no port and do not want one, for it
would thon be too easy for some grout
military power to destroy us. Our republic has both mountain lund and lowlands, and a great part of it is under
cultivation, Tho climato ranges from
tropical to warm temperate, somcwhnt
liko Southern Culifornia in tho spring.
■ We havo had no census, but we know
that wo have more thun threo million
peoplo and think there are fewer than
four million. Of these only about two
thousand arc Europeans, many of these
of mixed Moxicnn and European parentage.
Nearly always u foreigner hns meant
our country nn exploiter. Also we
have trusted a fow foreigners with
gold witli which to buy for use in this
country, nnd thoy have not returnrd.
For this reason, suspicion of foreigners still lingers. D*it thoro is no renl
bar to foreign settlers—if Carranza
will let thom through. Ho has turw
back many, especially men that wanted
to explore our country. Wo think he
is afraid they will give a more favorable report of the union thnn of his
domain,
Illiteracy as well as disease is disappearing under tho socialistic state.
Before uur revolution wo had more
than 94 per cent, of illiterates. Now
all but 40 per cont., and theso chiefly
tho old, can write their own nnmos at
loast. They nre taught in the schools
from typo-written textliooks mnde by
tho teachers themselves, tho children
going to school during tho duy, the
men and women in tho ovoning. Tho
men thnt carry mail writo their names
ui the buck of euch letter they enrry,
ns a matter of pride, and perhaps also
for practice in writing. But there is
not U grent deal of letter writing. With
travel freo and timo to spare, most
people prefer to go to visit their
friends and sny \vhnt they have lo say.
Music nnd engineering nnd in fact
all constructive things hnvo received
an impetus from the people's freedom.
One curious result hits been the movement bnck lo tho land. Our largest city
at the beginning of the revolution had
a population of ubout one hundred
thousand. Now it is less than n third
of that sizo.
Our republic might be said to hnve
boon founded when onr revolution began, early in 11)11. Every year Bince
t'orflrio Dinz opened his second term j
as president and thereby violated the j
constitution, a hundred or moro revolutionists had rison and had boen killed,!
(Continued on page 8)
THE  CALL
Have you heard itf
The world call—penetrating the hid*
den places in the hearts of all menl
It is shouting your name.
In a now voice—in almost a nen
language.
Listen I
Out of the shambles of death, across
desolate no-man's-land, comes the call
of life.
The life that must be saved—to save
the world.
Some of ub will have to go through
death to answer it—to find what life
had to give us,
In a dying world the only thing
worth saving is life. Life unbound,
unbroken.
So, life has called out, expectantly,
To you, to me, to all of ub.
Asking us to be free from the things
of death. From the things of waste,
cruelty and injustice.
To begin over again; to see a new
world with new eyes.
Asking us to keep it fair and clean
and joyous—a place of smiling welcome
and abundant opportunity.
Death is only a casting off of old
things—old habits, old debts and prisons, old fear and alavery, old impossible beliefs.
That's what the wreckage of Europe
is made up of. All the tattered, rusty
paraphernalia of worn-out systems and
ancient codes.
Life asks us to look to ourselves—
to save only what is true and real—to
cast off the old feudal tyrannies of
mind or heart.
Tho world Ib going to be new again-
must be new, for death and destruction
have claimed the old order.
The epidemic of regeneration reaches
out to all the nations—east and west.
Selfishness and vanity arc withering
away.
Pomp and power are stricken with
shame.
The institution of proflt is gasping,
oven aB it grasps.
The old authorities collapse upon
their thrones and in high places.
The new voice has spoken their fate.
It  haB  proclaimed  the  new  order.
The Golden Bulo Ib to be re-burnished.
Life, meaaured by it, will be simple
and secure. There will be enough for
all, and no onc to forbid, either by
trickery of trado or might of arms.
The old inoqualitiea will be evened;
tho caate lines cut; prejudice forgotten.
Men who have been chattela, pawns
nnd exiles nro to live, humanly, ns
mon.   And women shall fear them not.
That's the messago of the new voice
—of life, triumphant, calling from tho
tombs of tho kings, calling from the
battlefields of death.
Calling yonr name.
Asking you to live—that lifo, itself, shall not die,
—Goo. E. Brown in the Public.
If you linv'-n't Joined the Federated Lnbor
Party, Knt In touch with Secretnry Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of tho vice-
presidents throughout the provinco. ***
mmmmm^^m
What Is Your Answer?
Oan you not spare 30 centi a day for a standard
Canadian piano, now that you are receiving
BIG WAGES!
Will you plaoe musio in your home, as your
friends and neighbors have done t
Or will you let this opportunity pass and after
awhile pay much more for a piano f
Our next shipment cannot be sold at our present
low prices.
We carry the largest stock of choice pianos in
Vancouver.
We sell The "New" Bell, The Haines Bros., The
Williams New Scale—Pianos that are superior,
in our opinion, to any other—pianos that are
built in Canada.
Pianos with good English names that are a credit
to any home in the land.
Big bargains in used pianos—f 100 np.
WHAT IS TOUR ANSWMt? Why not do it now?
MOINTELIUS 524 'as
PIANO HOUSE IIS Ownhiie St.
UNION *m OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printmg Offices
OM SUPPLY TOU WITB THB ALLIED FlOini TBADBS tMIO* LABBL
BLOOHBEROER, F. K„ Sit Bro.dw.j Eut	
BRAND, W., ea» Pender Stmt Wut .	
B. 0. PRINTINO t LITHO. CO., Smitk. ud Homer....
CLARKE It STUART, 910 Seymour Stmt	
COWAN » BROOKHOUSE, Ubor Templo B>Udlif..._.
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dummnlr Streot	
JEFPERT, W. A., 2108 Porker Street i	
KERSHAW, J. A., 689 Howe Street.	
LATTA, R. P., 837 Gore Aveiue _ 	
MAIN PRINTINO CO,  8851 Mote Street	
MAINLAND  PRESSES,   09   Cordova  Street East 	
McLEAN & SHOEMAKER, North ..Vancourer...
..Film-ret SM
 Sof-Mi 1(71
 S.j-m.ir I1SS
 Sejrmoor S
 Seymou -UtO
 SeiMir 11M
....JBgUood HIT
.Seymou 1974
-Soymoir 1989
...Fairmont 1988
-U. Vn. (8
MITCHELL-BOLES', LTD.,  120 Hastings Street West  Soymour 10B5
NORTH SHORE FKESS, North Vancouver....
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 600 Beatty Street	
ROEDDE, Q. A., 616 Homer Street	
SUN JOB PRESSES. 187 Pender Street	
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Beatty Street	
TIMMS, A. H, 280 Fourteenth Avenue East...
WARD, ELLWOOD A POUND, 818 Homer Street....
WESTERN SPECIALTY CO, 672 Oranvillo Streot...
WHITE A BINDON, 628 Pender Street Weet	
H. Vu. 89
..Seymour 9592
....Seymour 294
 Seymour 41
..Soymour 8625
.Fairmont 421R
, Soymour 1615
...Seymour 8526
Writo "Union Label" on Yoar Copy when Yon Sond It to tho Printer
li
Canada's
Registration
Its Purpose and Application
ANADA faces the gravest crisis in her history.
Four years of war have taken from the Dom-
'^N ^mf^£ inion a heavy toll in talent and labor, yet despite the
*^11- —--«x3 shortage of man power, our Allies still depend on
Canada to maintain her own fighting forces at full
strength and to increase her exports of food and war materials, so vital
to them, and to the successful prosecution of the war.
Every ounce by wliich Canada can increase hot food production and every ounce
Canada can save in her food consumption is needed for export to the Allies.
Should the war continue for anothor year, food eards and a rationing system may have
to he instituted. It is thc duty of Canada to he prepared for whatever situation circumstances may force upon her.
It is quito probable that before the war is won our Oovernment may have to place restrictions upon the occupations in which men and women may engage. In such an event
the Oovernment wishes to he in a position to render all possiblo assislanee in keeping
our population usefully and profitably employed.
Registration Day, June 22nd
These conditions point to the necessity of Can-
mill knowing the exact capabilities of hor men
ami  women at home.
AU persons residing in Canada, male or female,
British or alien, of 16 years ami over, will be
required to register on June 22ml ami I ruth Miy
answer tha questions set forth upon the registration card.
Tt is nol the Oovernment's intention te conscript
labor in aay form, but to assist in directing il
wisely, so that every available unit of human
energy may be utilized to the best advantage.
Tho information procured through registration
will be used—aa au uid to the Military Authori-
ties in procuring the men necessary to maintain
"Canada's First Line of Defence"—to mobilize
all units of available lubor in tlie Dominion and
direct them from less essential to more essential
occupations—to estnblish aud intelligently administer a system of food rationing should
that becomo necessary.
Issued by authority of
Canada Registration Board PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT June 7, 1918 .
THE  PIONEER UNION STORE
The Home of Hart Scuaflner & Marx Clothes      *•»
Claman's
Limited
163 Huttings St. West
Claman's P
$25
Suits
WE would be proud
of these Suits in
normal times. Under
present conditions we
cannot help but enthuse
over them. You will,
too, if you'll come in
and examine them; be
fair to your pocket-book
and union principles.
BITES HELLO
Over a Hundred and Fifty
Join Operators' Local of
I. B. E. W.
Electrical Workers.
Five new members wore initiated and
four applications received by the Electrical Workers at the businoss meeting
Monday. The locnl instructed Business
Agent Morrison and two other members
to present the now agreement, recently drawn up, to the B. C. Telephone
compnny, Western Canada Power company, and the B, C. Electric Bailway
company. Tho companies were notified
some timo ago that the local wished
to tenninato thc old agreement, Tho
new scale calls for $6 per dny of eight
hours for skilled labor and a closed
shop. The new scale is intended to go
into effect July 1. Telephone operators who were invited to tho meeting
besieged the hall in full force.
Anarchy is spreading in the Ukraino
as a result of thc German action in over-
throwing thc government and replacing
it with another one. There have been
riots at several places, and during a
serious outbreak in Kiev, a large number of persons were killed. An attempt
was made to kill the Ukraninn premier
who, however, escaped with Blight
wounds.
"Women coal miners are working beside men in some parts of West Virginia.
A young American officer in London,
from tho middlo west, after three days
of seasickness,, while en route there, produces this: "'Don't talk to me about
fighting for froedom of the seas. Anybody that wants the d ocean is welcome to my part."
A Thie] doctective, one Joseph J. Joseph, hns been ca'ught holding membership in Electrical Workers' union, No.
283 of Oakland. The discovery was
due to thc kecness and diligence of
Fred/ W. Voiglit, secretory and business ngent of the union.
CHARLESTON, W. Va.—Nine minors, who were caught behind a wall of
fire whon the main entry of the Mill
Creek Cannel Coal Mining company's
mine at Villa, W. Va., burst into flames
from some undetermined cause, were
found dead in tbe workinga.
The British Labor party's annual
conference will be held in London on
June 26, 27 and 28.
If all members of labor organizations
would spend their earnings only for
goodB bearing the union label tney
would in a very short time bd able to
| obtain the conditions tbey desire without being forced to strike to secure
juBtice.
Value Plus Style—for the
Particular Man
is the backbone of Semi-
ready tailored-to-meas-
ure service; and the apparel - individuality of
the Semi-ready-clothed
man is easily apparent.
£rmt-r?ang
Mima OUotheH
FOR MEN
for Spring and Summer
1918, embody a wide
range of style-effects,
from the most modish
to. the ultra-conservative—at $18 to $50. We
invite you to call and
make comparisons from
every standpoint of
clothes supremacy.
THOMAS & McBAIN
655 GRANVILLE STREET
Two-Piece Suits
IN   HOMESPUNS,   FLANNELS   AND   PALM
BEACH CLOTHS, HALF and QUARTER LINED
NICE AND COOL—READY TO BE PUT ON
Prices $18, $20, $22, $25
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
Miss Odlin of Seattle Aids
in Heading Them in
Properly
Organization of those who perform
the useful work of society 'is still going on apace in Vancouver. The newest body of workerB to join the ranks
of organized labor is tho telephone
operators. Over ono hundred and fifty
of these girlB packed the business
meeting of Local 213, International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workors, last
Monday evening at the invitation of tho
local. Organizer Miss Odlin of Seattle,
sent to Vancouvor by the Pacific District Council, at thc request of Local
213, addressed tho girls and^ gave a
very interesting and convincing talk
to them on the necessity of organization. A wordy bottle took place between two or three of the supervisors
and members of the local. It appears
that, these supervisors aro attempting
to form a company union, although the
company denies that it has promoted
the thing, and at the meeting thc pros
and cons of company versus workers'
union were fully thrashed out with the
result that the mnjority of the girls
present signed applications for membership in the I. B. E. W. Prior to
this mooting enough signatures had
been obtained, by Miss Odlin, to apply for*u charter from the international
office, and this is expected to be on
hand some time next week. GirlB aro
signing up every day and a majority
of tho supervisors have been won over.
Organizer Miss Odlin will leave for
Victoria within thc next few days for
the purposo of organizing thc telephouo
'rls in thnt city.
Told Not to Intimidate Girls.
Local 213 of tho International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers has
presonted a new wage agreement to
the light, power and phono companies
for a substantial increase in wages and
a closed shop. A wage increase was
also demanded for the telephone operators in tho agreement presented to the
B. C. Telephono company. Business
Agent Morrison recently interviewed
thc manager of the telephono company
and informed him that the locnl intended to organize the telephone operators and dcBircd it to be understood
that it would not stand for any intimidation of girls who joined the
union. The manager stated that he
was not opposed to the girls organizing and that the local could have a
free hand in the matter. Witb this ultimatum from the company Bro. Morrison immediately sent for a woman organizer und Miss Odlin showed up on
the scene from Seattle, and has done
magnificent work among the girls,
whom it is expected will have an one
hundred per cent, organization within
tho month.
Organized Labor Can Help Now.
In order to givo the girls more confidence and also to keep tho subject
of organization uppermost in the minds
of both those who have already joined, and those who have, either by false
notions or misrepresentation, failed to
join tho union, organized labor of the
city of Vancouver should let it bo
■known that every union man and woman is.behind them. This cannot be
better demonstrated than by means of
tho telephone. When using the telephone during the next week uso the
word "organize" beforo giving central
your number. It's an easy matter
when central asks for your number to
say "Organize, Seymour 7495" or
whatever number you have occasion to
require.
An Uncivilized Land
Where Peace Prevails
(Continued from page 7)
Summer-weight
Knit
Underwear
For Women
Bibbed Cotton-Vests, low
neok, short sleeves or
sleeveless, 25^ each.
Pine Ribbed Vests, no
sleeves; also made in cum-
fy cut, 35^ each.
Finer grade Ribbed Vests,
low neck, no sleeves, SOe)
each.
Ribbed Union Suits, short
or no sleeves, tight or
loose knee, 85t).
Pine Ribbed Union Suits,
with plain band top; all
sizes, $1.00.
575Gramllh Phone Sey. 3540
Throughout Canada
crushed by Diaz's strong military machine. Bat late in 1910, when Diaz
and Madera both wero candidates for
president, people became stirred up.
Thc election farce went through and
Diaz look his seat again as president.
But when Madera and his group issued
tho proclamation of San Luis Obispo,
declaring that thero should bo no reelection to any office and taking back
all land that had beon illegally conceded since the constitution was adopted in 1857, the people flocked to aid
him. The peon is always ready to take
up a gun against capitalism, for he
knows he hs been robbed—and this
timo ho thought he had found n leader that would give him bnfek his land.
"The Army of No Re-Election" we
called it. In May of 1911 Diaz fled,
De la Bara was put in as temporary
president and everything was quiet at
onco. Madera and tho intellectual
group thought the revolution was
over.
But when the peons found that Madera wob not going to givo them the
land they thought they had boen fighting for, that in short Madera had betrayed them, they knew tho revolution
had only just begun. Then the true
revolution began. Prom that time we
have never stopped fighting—Diaz, Madera, Huerta, Carranza, nnd whoever
elso shnll stand opposed to the peons.
First we fought Diaz the dictator; then
Madera, my friend, personally a fine
man, but nevertheless tho enemy of
the peons; then Huerta, a former captain of engineering in our army; nnd
now Carranza, a white-bearded, pleasant-faced country'lnwycr, formerly governor of the State of Choualn.
Carranza is a member of the Socialist
party of Mexico, yot he has sold the
people's land to the exploiters nnd is
really more of a capitalist thnn nny
president the United Stntes has hnd.
He is RO years old," a short, thick-sot
man wearing glasses, n mnn of pleasant
face nnd manner. He cannot be bought
with money, bat ho can be flattered
and swayed by popular applause.
Villa is a tender-hearted socialist
idealist, but not n radical. He believes
n government ownership of public utilities but would not abolish money nor
privnte ownership of property. He
was innocent of the rnid thnfbrought
the United Stntes expedition nfter bim,
and that is why the American did not
Tho last regular meeting of the Montreal Trades and Labor council was interesting as far as the passing of many
important resolutions wore concerned.
A new deputy minister of Labor was
involved in one of them and in another
u want of confidence motion was passed
regarding the present minister of Labor.   President Foster wns in the chair.
That there is a sturdy spirit of
strength in the union of Montreal Newsboys is well illustrated by the way they
have held oh iu their strike, now in
force ut Le Canada, Their possibilities
for earning were cut by this newspaper,
and so tho boys "went out," as tho
term is known, and have stood steadily
for thoir rights.
Montreal—Employeos in hotels and
restaurants iu the provinco of Quebec
aro to have one day's rest each wook,
according to an ordor-in-council just
passed, in pursuance of legislation enacted by the provincial legislature last
session, but it does not apply to waiters,
waitresses, bellboys or porters. Employees to be benofited by tho new law
are those who do manual labor, also office employees, clerks, cooks und their
assistants and all kitchen help.
Alexandria, Ont.—The employees of
the T. J. Schell Manufacturing company walked cat alter vainly demanding an increase of 50 cents per day.
About fifty mon are affected. It is
stated that some of the mon have been
paid only $1.25 por day.
Thc fact that an organization known
as the Alpine club publishes a booklet
every year relating to mountain climbing in the Canadian west and devotod
to the club's activities is sufficient, according to the minister of the interior,
to entitle tbo club to draw down $1000
of the people's money.
Calgary—Mayor Costello, a charter
member of the first Calgary Typographical union, welcomed to this city the
delegates to the annual conference of
Typographical unions of western Canada. Others welcoming tho delegates
were J. Kinnoy of Edmonton, president
of Alberta Federation of Labor, and
Alex. Ross, M. L. A., president Calgary
Trades and Labor council.
According to thc auditor-general's report, it cost more than $20,000 to prepare the report of tho Economic and
Development commission under the
chairmanship of Sir James Lougheed.
Why has the report boon suppressed?
Toronto—Within a few days a pamphlet will be sent out to all thc farmers' clubs and threshers in Ontario with
suggestions to assist a threshing gang
plan being carried o*jt. The trados and
labor branch of the government will
supply thi? men necessary for those
gangs. Dr. Riddell believes that he will
be ablo to have 5000 men available for
thiB work.
The strikers and the firm of Fraser,
Bruce & Co., shipbiuldcrs of Montreal,
have temporarily adjusted their differences, and the men returned to work on
Tuesdny last, and negotiations opened
for a settlement of the men's demands.
Settlement was arrived at on the proposal of thc department of Labor, which
suggested tho above arrangement, with
the proviso that in the event of no final
settlement being arrived at, a board of
conciliation ahould be appointed immediately by the department.
Ottawa—The Canada food board has
completed arrangements with Henry
Ford & Son company, incorporated, to
continue to furnish tractors at cost for
the use of Canadian fnrmcrs.
Men   Affetced   Apply  for
Board Under Industrial
Disputes Act
C. P. R. Does Not Desire In
vestigation But Minister
of Labor Grants Board
[By Jas. H. McVety]
You hear a lot just now about laws
for compelling workers to continue tt
work, and strong criticisms of those
who decline to accept conditions of employment offered by employors. Natur-
ally, the strongest believers in this
policy aro the omployers—when it suits
th em
Sometimes It Don't Suit
It will bo remembered that a few
weeks ago, for tho "good of the Empire," the Canadian ^Pacific Railway
company discharged all of its dining-
car employees between Vancouver and
Cnlgary, consisting of mnrricd men,
singlo men unfit for military service
and returned soldiers, and replaced
thom with negroes, brought from the
Unitod Statos. It is true thnt the discharged workmen, members of thc Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employees, aro making some vile accusations that they were roleased becauso
of their membership in thc union, thus
attempting to discredit tho statement
of tho company's officials that the men
wero released in order that they might
take up other work whero tho production would be increased ns n result. As
theso conflicting statements are to bc
investigated lator thoy can be safely
left for tho momont.
Men Apply for a Board
The men, much as they hated to question tho patriotism and truthfulness of
tho company's officials, applied for the
appointment of a board under the Industrial Disputes Act, thus giving the
company an opportunity to publicly
prove its position. But thc company
doos not wnnt an opportunity of showing its patriotism and lovo of returned
soldiers. It resisted the men's application and almost porsunded the minister
of Labor that "no grievance or dispute
did then or does now exist." But the
minister, oven after he hnd agreed with
the compnny, was induced to change his
mind, and a board has been appointed.
The latest movo is for the company
to decline to officially nominate a representative of tbe board, wbich iB the first
step in a repudiation of the board and
its findings.
The Worst Offender
This is not the first time the Canadian Pacific has adopted this policy.
For the past ten years, on such occasions as it thought an advantage waB
to be Bccurod, mem'bers of boards, supposed to have been appointed independent of the company's nomination, have
been appointed by the department of
Labor, but their loyalty to the company's interostB appeared to be as
strong as tho-ugh they had been directly
Test Tom-the-Tailor
T OOK carefully at the pattern and
1J texture of any one of the pieces of
imported woollen fabric in my great
stock—the most complete assortment
on the Pacific Coast. Take a sample of
the piece you fancy, submit it to the
most rigid test for quality. Note the
price. Compare it with any other sample you can get anywhere. Then consider my quality, union tailors, and my
guarantee, and note the prices. I await
your decision with confidence.
Men's Bolts to
Ueaaue   from
$35
up
Woman'!
Man-tilloiad
Suite from
$45
op
°g.jilfc
ihe)
stores
632GRAimiLE
314HASTMSW
UNION SHOP
Steam and Operating Engineers.
At a well-attended nicotirig of the
Steam and Operating Engineers, the
natter of tho recent strike in ship
y.ids was discussed. Tho agreement
i-i.d wage scalo for ertginoers wns rp
pi overt and Business Agent Alexandoi
vas empowered to sign samo on be
half of thc local. Quite an intercs*
wits tnken in the nomination of officei",
I ho election to take place nt the no;:
regular business meoting, Monday.
iTnne 10. All members who can possibly attend should do sn in order to tnke
a hand in electing tho most efficient
officers for the ensuing year. The following members have been nomi.ntod
for flic various offices: President, P.
'.. Chapman, J. R. Flynn, D. Hodges.
F. Hunt, W. Walker, W. Vnughanj
"ice-president, L. A. Robertson, J. McDonald, H. Langleyj business agent, W.
A. Alexander, F. Hunt, D. Hodges: recording secretnry, ,T. McDonald F.
Hunt, J. P. O'Neill, H. Longley; conductor, Geo. Mickleson, Geo. Grav, J.
It. Trench, F. Hunt; guard, L. A. Robertson, H. Longloy, G. Parker, N.
Grt-cn; trustees, ,T. R. Flynn, D. Mills,
W. Walker.
The purchasing power of the union-
earned dollar, rightly applied, would
ameliorate many of tho unjust conditions which at present exist.
selected by the company's officials.
Employees Bhould Follow Lead
The company may find itself in thc
position whore an investigation of disputes may not precede a strike of some
of its employees, and if such should be
the ense, the officials should understand
that "two cnn play thc^aamc game."
Alabama coal minors have raisec!
their day wngo scale 75 cents, at
a rosult of a conferonco in this city
with representatives of the fuel admin
istration and tlieir employers. Five
cents a ton advance was secured foi
pick miners and fear conts a ton tt
loaders of machine-mined conl. These
gains arc the result of a successful organizing campaign started last June
Alabama wns supposed to be nn anti
union bulwark.    ■
TROGADERO
- CAFE -
under now mtlnngemont
158 Haotiiigs Street West
Phono Sey. 936
TRE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVER—UNION CARD
MR. UNION MAN!
Ton owe lt to yourself to economixe
Wonld you consider it economical to
purchase Tran and Coffee* in Una
when yon may have the aame valuo
from our store at a much reduced
price !
THINE IT OVER
Wa Sail to Balk Only
Dickson's Teas and OoffMi An of
Exceptional Valnt
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St. Phone Sey. 613
take him—they found out he was not
the man thoy wero aftor. Villa will
probably take sides against Carranza
in tho revolution that is now brewing
in Mexico proper, but afterward "the
victor will have him to reckon with.
'Zapata is a tall, clean, strong Mexican Indian of about 4IJ years. Ho was
working as a stable man at 20 cents
a day when tho revolution broke out,
and at thnt time could neither rend nor
write. But ho iB a big man, and his
bigness could not be bidden. He is
shrewd and keen-minded, a born
spenker, a natural organizer of people
that do not want to be orgnnized, and
with nil this, a fine clean man, home-
loving nnd tenderhenrted nnd without
vanity. Also ho is a man of inborn
grace and refinement. If you saw him
in a drawing room in his dress suit
you would find him as much nt. borne
there as he is in camp. That is Zapata,
(mr wolMovod genernl, leader of our
last revolution, but not the ruler of
our union.
Our republic might bo crushed frpm
the outside, though its onomies would
first have to reckon with evory man
nnd woman in the union. But at lenst
we hnve finished onr last revolution.
We hnve no foe within.
—Tho Proletariat.
10% Off to Returned Soldiers 10%
/ s _
J *
We make 'em all sit
up and take notice
The stout, the slim and the tall—
They're  all  hard   to   fit  but—
HERE WE FIT 'EM ALL
WE have a range of clothing at this big men's
store that—no matter what your build—we
have just what you want—not only in fit-
but in style, material and make—a range of clothing
not equalled anywhere in the West—-truc suit values
—suits of distinction—examples of the highest
tailoring art—for the young fellow and the older
man—at any price you want to pay, from—
$15 to $50
MEN!
Oome in and examine the quality and value in our genuine
Weat of England Worsted Suits—it's the best suit value
we ever offered. Comes in fancy checks and stripes.
Made up in conservative models, A oorker for wear.
Sold in others stores as high as thirty dollars.  Our price
$25
DICKS LIMITED
53 Hastings Street West
The Largest Union Men's Stores in British Columbia
IU

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