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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 26, 1918

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 INDUSTRIAL UNITY: STRENGTH
COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
iPER: VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR COUNOIL. ANn n n rmn-imvm.,..*,. ^^   ***   '   *-*^-/   *JL
OmOIAL PAPER: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUNCIL, AND B. 0. FEDERATION OP LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 30
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 26,1918
POLITICAL UNITY: VICTOBT
TALK!   TALK!   TALK!
Minority Report by V. R.
Midgley, Representing
the Men
Evidence of Discrimination
Conclusive, But Discarded by Majority
The majority report in the dining oar
dispute, handed down by Chairman
Mr. Justice Macdonald, and Mr. E, A.
James, gives the C. P. B. the benefit
and dismisses the claims of the men,
which were "that discrimination was
used," while the evidence would lead
any reasonable individual to the conclusion that the company not only used
discrimination, but used it in an endeavor to break up the men's organiza-
tion.
The following iB tho conclusion of
the majority report:
"While colored men were brought
into Canada by the company for use
on the dining cars of the western division, in place of white employees,
thiB change was not intended to be,
nor was it, an act of discrimination
against tho union to which a largo portion of the dining car employees had
becomo attached. It was simply in pursuance of a policy to that effect, decided upon in Fobruary, though only
brought into operation in the month of
May."
V. R. Midgloy in his minority report
contends that the company did not de*
cide on its policy to hire eolred help
until after the men had formed their
organization, and in this connection
dealing with the ovidenco of Mr.
Mathews nnd Mr. Tingley he states
that Mr. Tingley's evidence could not
be claimed to corroborate the evidence
of Mr. Mathews, and adds the follow*
ing: "I submit that it iB clearly
established aB fnr as Mr. Tingley is
concerned, that ho did violate the
sanctity of his oath.
He further adds that the chairman of
the board was entirely lacking in an
understanding of the reasons actuating
men in joining labor organizations, and
devoid of sympathy with them in their
complaint of discrimination, and quotes
from the transcript as evidence of the
chairman's attitudo.
Quostions addrcssod by thc chairman I
to Witness Goorge Hepburn. (These
questions are takon from tho transcript
of tho evidence furnished by courtesy
of the C. P. Railway Company,'
Workers < $ trike in Anyox
Against! q jgish Tactics
ofrj? mpany
• ja ;	
' s
Granby Company Gets a
Strangle Hold on All Its
Employees
Once again a "Company Town" is
the scene of industrial strife, thla time
at the notorious Anyox, where 1600
men are on strike.
A number 'of the men are at present
in Vancouver, and have brought with
them, besides information as to the'
cause of the strike, a petition signed by
a thousand employees Df the company,
asking that the government take steps
at once to open up the town.
The statement that the company is
fiaying higher wages than any other
ike concern, must be taken with a strain
-** salt, as from informatioi
appears that the strike has been
f^T HIKES
*RE CAUSED
THROUGH
t.ttPLOYERS
REFUSING TO
NEGOTIATE
The Chairman: Q. What was the object of joining tho union, what wan the
ideal A. Well, to better our conditions.
<_. Was thero any trouble on between
you and the Railway Company! I don't
mean you, bnt between tho waiters and tho
Railway Company I A, Well, the men were
not satisfied with thc umn 11 money they
wero receiving.
Q. Why didn't they leave! Why weren't
yon satisfied to be discharged then, what
was the troublo!    A.    Well,   th?n—
Q. What Ib the real trouble, aro you
spokesman enough to say what Ib the
trouble! You wore not satisfied, you got
discharged, now you havo got this Inquiry,
what ia it! A. Well, the inon wanted better
conditions, and, they didn't liko being re*
placed by black labor as Canadians and
white men. as far as I know.
Q. But you are an Intelligent man, is
thero any vested right to make the com*
pany employ you or any other person if
they don't want to keep you! A. Well,
that is about the only big employing concern in Vancouver.
Q. I know, but are thoy obliged to
l^/keep you whether they want to keep you
or not!    What is your ideal
The Chairman: Is that your stand, Ur.
McVety I
Mr. McVoty: No, Silf I am rather
amazed at your lino of questioning, Sir.
Tou raised the whole question as to tbo
right of  the men  to  organise.
The Chairman: I am not raising any
question at all in that way, but I want to
know wbat tho trouble Is, why they aro
worrying about a thing like this. They
were dissatisfied, they got discharged, now
they are complaining." I
He concludes reports as follows.
There were a number of returned soldiers (some six or eight) among those
who were discharged to mako room for
negroes, and it appears that a lnrge
number of men formerly engaged in the
dining car service have enlisted or been
called up under tbe Military Bervice
Act. Putting aside entirely for tho
moment, the quostion of discrimination,
what will be the thoughts of those mon
when they learn that tho jobs formerly
held by them have been pormanontly
filled with negroes, while they were
shedding their blood nnd risking their
lives in tho defence of the empire of
which the C. P. Railway Company
forms no small partf
It should be pointed out here that tho,
mon do not object particularly to the
importation of negroes ns such, but
would have objected just the same if
white men had been Imported to replace tbem.
Having regnrd for tho evidence of
the employees and the officinls of the
company thnt tho men were threatened
and warned ngninst joining a union,
and that the witnesses for the company
freely admitted the hostile attitude of
the company to any form of organization nmong the dining car employees,
and keeping in mind that the company
failed to produce any correspondence
on the question, although repeatedly requested to do so, and claimed that no
correspondence existed, I believe that
these facts more than meet the unsupported evidence of Mr, Mnthews that
the policy had been decided earlier than
April and that the employees have
made out a prima facie case of dis
crimination becauso of their membership in a labor organization.
The government should nt onco deport the aliens imported to make the
discrimination possible, and insist on
the immediate restoration of the employees to their former postions.
., M.W with "a grain
of salt, as from information received,
it appears that the strike has been
brought about by the conditions that
prevail in this slave camp, where men
are as much under the control of the
company as wore the chatel Blaves of
tho past.
Slight increases have been given to
some of the men in the skilled trades,
in the new schedule of wages drawn up
by the company, but tho wages of the
laborers, that have been given so much
prominence as boing at a very high
rato, viz., $4,75 per day, have, under
thc schedule, ben reduced to $4.10 per
day. I
The fact that the men are compelled
to purchase from the company stores,
and to livo in company bunk houses,
the quality of food served and the
prices charged for the same, is the real
causo of tbe strike.
According* to the statement made by
the mon, tho bunk houses are inhabited
by others than human beings, and are
not fit to live or sleep in; that they
are infested by bed bugs and that a
number of men have been rooming under a pool room, the rates for this accommodation has boen $5.00 per man
per month, two men to a room, but the
company has raised the rent to $15 per
man per month, giving the company a
rental of $30 per month for a room.
The increases given to the skilled
men range from 25 cents to 50 cents
por day, and the increase Is more than
covered by the proposal to reduce the
laborers <>5 cents per day, and the compnny will make money by the scheme,
ns two-thirds of the employees are laborors.
The married men at this lovely burg,
nre in a somewhat unfortunate position,
for in spite of thc supposedly good conditions undor which thc mon havo boen
living, thoy are unable to raiBe the
price of their transportation back to
civilization, and the men are considering some schemo to raise funds to enable them to leavo.
Anyox is a "closed town," and the I
company is therefore lord and mnster of
all it surveys. Its charges for eatableB
and wearables is exorbitant. Every man
who has gone into the company's corral
comes out as poor, if not poorer than he
went in.
THftT   ALL.
WOR.KER.S   OND
Lftfi>ORER<5  SWILL.
RE   ENTITLED TO
*  WAGE  AMPLE
To   ElMftftci*
thpm To L1VE
Prominent in Labor Circles
Because of Sterling
Ability
Old Party Machine Has Become  Very  Much
Alarmed
A Labor mon from the crown of tke
head to tlie sole of Us feet is Private
William Vorley, the candidate for
Labor in North-east Toronto by-election. Ask hiB father and mother who
live in Toronto, and who became joint
members of tbe Northeast Lancashire
Textile Union in 1872, aid still p»y
their dues in that   organisation,  and
WdflfT
iTHR
MATTE ft
WITH THE
gov.'   !
,<VT   OTTAWA.'j
%JLLL
Letter Carriers and Postal Clerks
»»»*»* *»*»»» ****** ****** ****** ******
West of and Including Winnipeg Stand Firm
THE FEDERATIONIST learns as it goes to press that Calgary, Vancouver, Regina, Saskatoon and
Winnipeg carriers and clerks are forming joint committees, with official headquarters in "Winnipeg, to stand or fall on their original demands for a board of conciliation.
Monday morning saw the commencement of a strike unique in the history of the country; men who
have been patient and long suffering, and looked upon as being the least likely of all workers to quit
til All*   iflha     UrOTlT*   nr.   tst-untn.
 —i-   vi guui-bitbiuu,   ana
they will tell you thftt our Bill entered
the textile industry at the age of 18,
and became a member of the union.
At 16 yearB of age Bill struck out into
a new path and apprenticed himself to
the blacksmith trade, whieh (wiling he
followed until he came to Canada in
11)04.
His Ability Was Early Recognised
Private Varley is only 43 years old,
and wub born in Burnley, Lancashire,
on November 25, 1875. Coming to
Canada in 1904 he worked for a time
in the wire mills and rolling mills. Then
a serious illness overtook him, and for
fourteen months he lay near to tho
valley of the shadow, but finally recovered. In order to be in a position
where he could breathe God 'a fresh air
ho accepted a position as laborer in
tho building trade, and became a member of the Building Laborers Union.
His ability as a speaker in the union and
a man was not long in getting recognition, and we find him becoming the
firesident of tho organization. A little
ater and we see him become the business agent of the union, which position
he held until he heard the call of duty
to don the king's uniform and go to
the battlefield to uphold the old idea
of British liberty and to dethrone militarism.
He Enlisted ln the 76th Battalion
In 1913 the Plasterers Laborers
Union asked him to act for the men
as arbitrator in a dispute between the
employers and the mon. They had at
that time been on strike for five weeks
when Bill stepped in and inside of 24
hours tho men were notified to return
to work as the grievance was adjusted,
Varley reaching an nmicablo settlement
with the employers. Shortly afterwards the Plasterers presented him
with a beautiful gold watch, which boro
the following inscription: "Presented
to William Varley from Plasterers
Laborers Union, Toronto, No. 1, for services as arbitrator, May, 1913,'
On July, 1935, he enlisted in tho 75th
Bnttnlion, and was sont overseas Mnrch
2<ith, 1916, nnd later to Frnnco in th
48th C Infantry, 3rd Pioneers, wh;
The Iron Hand in Anyox
Why did the compnny use underhanded methods to keep Anyox a "closed
town" if it were not,to enable them to
gougo the employeesf We know that
tho workers act foolish at times, but we
doubt if they would petition the government for a "closed town," well
knowing that it meant tbat thoy would
bo compelled to buy all their eatables
and wearables from the company stores.
It is alleged that the company used
fraudulent methods to obtain tho
"closed town," and that the employees
—especially the married men—were
compelled to sign the petition or hit the
long trail. The alleged fraudulent .methods used were the signing of fictitious
mimes and which wns not risky to thc
company, as it is a well-known fact
that the government would not go out
of the way to investigate whether the
names were bona fide or not.
A "closed town" is a boon to nny
company, because it enables the company to grab up its employees' wages,
instead of having them scattered
among a host of small merchants, and
it also enables tho company to keep itB
(Continued on Page 8)
theh' iobs "went on Strike colonel stating that this disbnndment
That the letter carriers had good reason tb do so none will deny.   For fourteen months they have Z'J^ufihl ffaBttali™ w-fwith
'    ' ■    " -li**----. ***       -     js    jj,ue    j.Jjaj    |j0nugeg    J,aV(j    hflBH    it—    *
Long Hoars and Small Par
the Rule in Coast
Service
Merchant   Service   Guilds
Are Recognized  the
World Over
The Boyal Commission consisting of
W. E. Boras, chairman; E. A. Jones
for tho owners, and J. H. McVety representing the Masters and Mates,
which waB appointed to enquire into
the conditions surrounding the employment of the. Masters and Mates in the
coastwise service, commenced ita sittings on Monday, and haa been taking
evidence each day sinee.
On Monday Mr. T. Goodlad, secretary of the Merchant Service Guild
placed before the commission all the
correspondence that had passed between the guild and the owners. Th*
letters showed that the guild had made
sevoral efforts to meet the ownen but
the owners declined, and stated that
they were willing to meet their employees, which was an evidence of their
desire not to acknowledge the men's
organisation.
He then went on to show how on a
ballot being taken, as to whether the
members of the guild wished to take
up their case with the owners themselves, or to leave it in the hands of
thc guild, that 90 per cent, of the men
voted for the ease to be dealt with
by the guild.
The owners were acquainted of this,
but still declined to treat with the organization, with the result that Anally
the commission was appointed by the
government, after the men had threatened to strike.
Later in the proceedings evidence
was presented showing that the guilds
such as the men were members of were
generally recognized throughout the
world, and in anwer to a question aa
to whether it would interfere with discipline or not, for Masters and Mate*
to be members of one organization, Mr.
Goodlad Btated that The Imperial Merchant Service Guild in England had
decided that captains and officers eould
be memberB of the one organization,
without interfering with discipline.
Captain White of Seattle testified to
the fact of the existence of similar
guilds in he V. S. A. and that the
wagos paid in tke States for similar
service to that on the B. C. coast were
considerably highor.
Tho evidence produced by the men
showed that they worked long hours,
and without any overtime, in some instances they wore working from 16 to
18 hourjj per day, and the cvidonco of
Captain Grunmun of the tug Olive is
very illuminating on this point and is
as follows:
The Clivo plies out ot tho Frnser ond
   -....,   been I them in an engagement was wounded
men engaged on the temporary staff,  at La Coullotto June 9, 1917.   Ho re*
-    D ...........    v«    ««    -*w    11A--1G     Will
tried to get their case as to wages settled, but without avail.   It
gratited, but these have only affected the permanent staff, and the -*-,-,*,  *....,
who by the way in the City of Vanconver are mostly all returned soldiers, do not receiv
by the granting of any bonus.
Tuesday Baw the strike developingrror tmrtv-three cents." *ble for military service, many of them
■aro married men with   families.    At
-,„,_,._.,,     j.",   -'.' **?*"_"'      Sj'lia manned by Skipper Granman and an
onlZJ'tlt-   dl!?!%,^BMi.t,,J oneineer.   He has to do male's duties
colonel stating that this dish-in^f 1^ Q,Ro deckh(lnd work
ve any benefit
Smith Western Representative
J. Q. Smith, until recently business
agent of the Amnlgnmated. Section of
the United Brotherhood of Carpenters,
has been elected ns western representative on the North American Advisory
Council of the Amalgamated Carponters. He succeeds A. S. Wells, who
declined to accept further nomination
as delegate to the council.
General
Teamsters and
Chauffeurs
Union
Local 655
MASS
Meeting
LABOR TEMPLE
Wednesday, July 31st
8 p.m.
Business: Endorsing
new wage scale.
Everybody attend.
and the postal clerks joining in, the
strike also spreading to all parts of
the country, and while the flrst men
to quit were the Toronto carriers, other
large centres Boon joined the procession,
Wednesday evening the news was
sproad that the strike was settled on
the basis of a settlement arrived at
by the government and the national secretary of the Letter Carriers Association, Alex. McMordie, at Toronto. This
tho men in Vancouver and Winnipeg
and other points refused to accept,
claiming that they had gained
nothing except thc granting of the
bonus to tho temporary employees.
The basis of the settlement arrived
at by the national secrotary, on which
ho recommended the men to return to
work, is as follows:
"Tho governmont is willing, upon
the men's returning at once to their
duty, to accede to thc proposal that a
subcommitee of tho cabinet bo nppointed which will confer with representatives of the mon hero, look into
and disscuss with them their representations relative to the matter of wages;
and report to the cabinet, which will at j
onco consider and decido on the question. ''
Thursday morning thc Toronto men
returned to work, but nil over the country astonishment and disappointment
was expressed at the outcome. Even
in Toronto a good doal of dissatisfaction was expressed, and the men in
most cases were reluctant to return
until a proper settlement had been arrived at.
As we go to press we loam tbat tho
Begina postmen will not return to work
until their demands for a board of arbitration under thc Lemieux Act is
granted.
Tho statement of the lotter carriers
on their position Is as follows:
"It has been stated in tho press that
tho strike of the postal employees is
ovor. Wo, the Letter Carriers and Postal Clerks Association, wish to state
that as far as the employees of Van-!
co.iver, Calgary, Now Westminster and
Victoria are concerned, thc strike is
still on. We went out for the principlo of a conciliation board under tho
Lemieux Act to adjust thc grievances
of potal employees.
"The government's offer amounts to
thirty-three cents per day.
"We hnve unanmously token the
stand that the principle of such a conciliation board must bo grunted beforo
we return to duty,
"The post office department has ordered tho employment of strikebreakers from today. Be it known that the
Union governmont of Cnnndn is endeavoring to use strikebreakers in tho
effort to refuse its employees the right
of citizenship in this Dominion,
"A statement of the position of the
Vancouver braneh of tho Posal Clerks
Association follows:
"Many people are under the impression that the postal employees are a
well paid body of men who do very
littlo for thoir money. This is entirely erroneous. The salaries received by
even the highest paid men, the men
with many years of service, and large
responsibilities, nre in general meagre
whon compared with the salaries received by persons engaged in the
various business professions and trades
lines.
Getting $2.83 a Day
"The condition of these employees
is in no way, however, responsible for
the present state of affairs. It is at-
tributablo solely to thc inadequate
salaries received by the lower paid employees. There are at present approximately 150 temporary employoes on thc
post offico staff who receive $3.83 per
either roturned soldierB or men inoligi-
Organization Now Has Two
Hundred Members and
Still Growing
The Laundry Workers held a rousing meeting on Wednesday evening.
Forty now members were made and tho
now organization now numbers close
to two hundred.
A. S. Wella, secretary-treasurer of
the B. C. Federation of Labor, addressed thc meeting, as did V. R. Midgley,
business agent of the central body, and
Miss Gutteridge, assistant agent.
Tho various speakers pointed out the
necessity for organization nnd the
things which made the workers rccog-
nizo thnt need, pointing to the over
increasing cost of living as being the
hiain cnise of thc -efforts of workers
to maintain the standard of living that
was in effect prior to tho wnr by organization.
The question of tho establishment of
a legal minimum wage for women
workers was also discussed, and the
need for tho women to have nn eflce-
tivo orgnnization in order to obtain
the best results from the legislation
thnt had been secured in thoir interests.
It is expected  that the charter will
bo on hand for the next meeting, which
'We are out for a principle and not will bc held on Wednesday next.
least 50 of these men have been in the
postal sorvice for more than one year,
some of them for over three years
without an incrcaso in salary with the
exception of temporary relief afforded
by last year's war bonus. Be it remembered thnt this war bonus is included in the daily salary of $2.83. EaBt
of Port Arthur thc temporary employees receive only $2.33 per day. In
view of the high coat of living, the service rendered their country and tho responsibility of their duties, can these
salaries  be considered fair!
"Thc officials of the government nre
seeking to convey the improssion that
an incrense in the war bonus has been
granted. The facts arc thnt no provision hns been mnde for thia class of
employee. They have been totally ignored. In its application to the permanent employees tho act of parliament authorizing a war bonus is ridiculous. Many clerks would receive no incrense, others but a small increase,
whilse others by a strict interpretation
of thc wording of ihe act would actually owe the government money.
"This is not tho first occasion in
which the postal employees havo been
jockeyed by the officials at Ottnwa {tr
have bad increases unduly withheld.
"In common with the Federated Association of letter Carriers we have
taken the stand that only by a conciliation board ou which the postal employees nre represented can our differences with the government be nd- j
justed. I
Follow Crothers' Cue
This is precisely tho courso that
J the minister of labor has pleaded with
labor organizations and employers of
labor to adopt beforo resorting to
strikes."
Stripped of nil camouflage the government stands revealed ns unwilling
to grant to its employees thc same consideration that it has been asking
other employees of labor to give their
employees, it stands branded as incompetent to deul with a situation thnt any
ordinary employer of labor would have
sottled without a strike, beeause all thc
men asked for was a board of conciliation, in order that tllcj could bo represented at any negotiations thut may
have been carried on in respect to the
settlement of their grievances, but this
was not granted, ami is not yet granted, the governmont taking the stand
that their employees aro difTernt to
those of any other employer of lnbor,
and must be so dealt with. Jn the
meantime the mails of the country are
lied up, and, from the men's demeanor, thoy will bc tied up until they are
granted that which they went out for,
viz., a board of conciliation under the
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act,
better known as the Lemieux Act.
turned to Canada a few days before
the Dominion election, and spoke on
behalf of the Labor candidate. He is
at present business agent of tho Building Laborers Union, secretary of the
Building Trndes Council, and secretary
of the Laborers Institute,
The Old Machine Is Alarmed
As an indication of how thc old party
men were getting anxious, he claimed
that three prominent Labor officials
bad been approached by thc machine in
an attempt to get him to withdraw
from the contest. Then a civic father
wns introduced who promised a position in one ef the civic departments,,
nnd a Toronto M. P. who declared that j
if a certain Labor leader would turn
the trades unionists against Vnrlcy ho
would get an nppointmont on one of
the reconstruction committees to bo nppointed after the election. But all of
no avail. Labor is united as never before, nnd is determined thut North-east
Toronto shall go to Labor.—Industrial
Banner,
Whnt about the cookf" asked Mr.
Donald McTaggart.
"I'm it," replied the skipper.
He said that he was often on duty
for eighteen hours nt a stretch and had
worked for evon longer periods. There
were four bridges to negotiate on the
Fraser and it often happened he had
to "dance out along the logs" to keep
thc boom together.
Captain Grnnmnn thought thero
should bo nnother hand on the tug for
if he or thc engineer fell overboard a
rescue would be practically impossible,
"Whnt are your dutiesf" asked Mr.
H, B. Robinson in cross-examination.
"I am captain, mate, deckhand, cook
and sometimes conl-passer," said Captain Grnnman.
Have you ever read thc Pirates of
Penzance!" nsked the lawyer.
"No."
"Well, I'll send you a copy. I think
you would enjoy it," said Mr. Robinson.
Jewelry Workers Organise
A mooting Of jewelry workers held
in (he Labor Temple last Friday resulted in the formation of a union and
(lie application for a charter from tb
International  Jewelry   Workers,
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS R)R
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, July 28-Typographi-
cal Union, C. P. R. Dining Cnr
Employees.
sup
July  20—Boilermak-
Btcam Engineers, Eloctri
MONDAY,
ers,     	
cal Workers, Bakery Salesmen,
Patternmakers Committee, Policemen,
TUESDAY,
makers.
July   30—Pattern-
WEDNESDAY, July .11—Teamsters and Chauffeurs, Metnl
Trndes Council, Boilermakers
Executive.
THURSDAY, Aug. 1—Trtidos
nnd Labor Council, City Hall
staff, Garment  Workors,
FRIDAY, Aug, 2—Railway Carmen, Pile Drivers and Wooden
Bridgemen, Civic Employees,
Molders, Warehousemen, Telephone Operators, Jcwellory
Workers, Letter Carriers, Minimum Wage Leagjo.
SATURDAY, July 3-Blnck-
smiths, Mnchiniflt No. 777,
Bakers,
"Well, you get me the leisure first
and I'll be pleased to read it," said
the skipper.
Other witnesses heard were Captain
Quinn of Scuttle and Cnptnin Watson
of Australia, who gnve details of shipmasters' associations which they said
were recognized by owners. Captain
Daw of tho Cheerful, Captain Nicholls
of the Tyee, and Captain Donaldson of
Ihe Squid wore called In further
port of 1he argument that hours
the tugs were too long.
The owners were represented by a
galaxy of legal talent, while the Uien
hnd as counsel Mr. U. E. McTaggart.
The commission will continue its sittings until all thc evidence is submitted
by both sides, when their decision wilt
be given, and as the men have agreed
to accept the findings of the commission, unless thc compnnies tnke nnother
stand the matter will be amicably settled.
I The officers of the Merchant Service
Guild, which covers lake and river
(steamers as well as the coastwise ser-
'vice, nre ns follows: President, Captain Bntchclor, pilot, Vancouver; vice-
presidents, Captain Edwards of the
Camoaun, Captain House of the Fonm,
Captain Whitely (Vietoria pilot), Captain Peck of thu Topaz, Prince Ruport,
and Captain Robinson, Oknnagnn Lake,
of the Sicnmo.is,
Victoria Teamsters Union
Fifteen new members joined the Victoria Teamsters Union nt a good meeting held in the K. P, Hall last Tuesday. There is overy prospect of this
local climbing up to as high a percentage ns the one in Vancouver. Meet-
!»gs nro held every Tuesday.
Bakery Salesmen
Sixty nfembers were initiated at n
splendid meeting of the Bakery .Salesmen Union held in thc Labor Temple
last Monday. The memborB were enthusiastic and seemed pleased at the
new turn of affairs iu their daily life.
Officers will be elected at the meeting
to be held next Monday. Ask your
I bakery salesman for a snow of cards. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
TEIDAY. July 26, 1918
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
Clark's Pork and Beans,
3 for - 26c
Sardines, 3 for Mc
Seeded Baisins, 3 for. 26c
Clark's Potted Meat 3 for 26c
Teast Cakes, 6 for  26c
Not a Seed Baisins, 2 for.. 26c
Custard Powder, 2 for. 26c
EXTBA SPECIAL
Finest Compound Lard, reg.
35c  lb. Saturday only, 2
_e. tor - 66c
Seeded Baisins, 16-oz. pkg.;
2 for 26o
Libby's Olives, 3 bottles.. 30c
Slater's Bed Label Tea;
reg. 45c lb. for per lb. 40c
Crisoo, per tin   36c
St. Charles Milk, large cans
2 for -. Mc
Salmon, large cans 16c
EXTBA SPECIAL
Wild  Bose  Flour,  in  10-
lb. sacks 60c
In 5-lb. sacks   35c
THREE BIG STORES
123 Hastings Street East, Phone Seymour 3262
830 Granville Street, Phone Seymour 866
3260 Main Street, Phone Fairmont 1683
Wind-up of the
Big JULY Sale
TREMENDOUS BARGAINS FOR THE LAST
DAY IN ALL LINES OF MEN'S CLOTHES AND
FURNISHINGS.
-SAVE YOUR DOLLARS-
ARNOLD & QUIGLEY
"The Store That's Always Busy"
646 — ORANVILLE   STREET — 546
British Labor Comes Forward
****** ***       —WITH—      *** ******
Programme of Reconstruction
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 1617
A. t. TJ. B. Carpenters
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
BOYS' CLOTHING -
This store has clothed the youth of Vancouver for 28 years.
It still continues to sell clothes which give satisfaction.   For
stylo and design, with durability of materials, we have no
rival.
SUITS for all ages from 2 years to 18 years; reasonably
priced, in tweed and serges.
HATS AND CAPS—Straw, felt, tweed and cotton, in many
varieties.
UNDERWEAR—Pyjamas,  nightshirts,  overalls,  shirts  and
shirtwaists, stockings, Jerseys, sweaters, coats, etc., etc.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309 to 315 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Expanding Gar Rides and
Shrinking Nickel Fares
From the beginning of street railways,
the street car fare was 5 cents.
But the rides lengthened, the cars and
tracks improved; their speed increased;
their comfort multiplied.
The nickel's worth grew but the nickel
shrunk.
So the nickel arrived at a time when it
NO LONGER PAID THE COST OF
THE STREET CAR RIDE.
How long do you expect to go on
getting ANYTHING at less than cost?
0£€&&ttirlc
(Continued from Laat Issue)        *
The Surplus for the Oommon Oood
In tho disposal of the surplus above
the standard of life society has hitherto gone aa far wrong as in its neglect to secure the necessary basis of
any genuine industrial efficiency or decent social order.   We have allowed the
riches of our mines, the rental value of
the lands superior to .the margin of cultivation, tho extra profits of the fortu-
nato capitalists, even the material outcome of   scientific   discoveries—which
ought by now to have mado this •Britain
of ours immune from class poverty or
fron* any widespread destitution—to be
absorbed by individual proprietors; and
then devoted very larg-ely to the senseless luxury of an idle rich claBB. Against
this misappropriation of tho wealth of
the   community,   the   Labor   Party-
speaking iu the  interests not of the
wage earners alone, but of -every grade
and section of producers by hand or by
bruin, not to mention nlso those of the
generations that are to Buccoed us, and
of the permnnent wolfare of the community—emphatically   protests.     One
mian pillar of the house that tho Labor
party intends to build is tho future appropriation of the surplus, not to the
enlargement of any individual fortuno,
but to the common good.    It is from
this constantly arising surplus (to be
secured, on the ono hand, by nationalization  and  municipalization,  and, ou
the other, by the   steeply   graduuted
taxation of private income and riches)
that will have to bc found the new
capital whieh the community day by
day needs for the   perpetual   improvement and increase of its various enterprises, for which pwe shall decline  to
be dependent on the usury-exacting fin-1
anciers.    It is from tho Bame source
that has to be defrayed the publie provision for the sick and iniirm of all
kinds (including that for maternity and
infancy) which is still so. scandalously
insufficient; for the aged and those prematurely incapacitated by acicdent or
disease, now in many ways so imperfectly cared for; for the education alike
of   childron,   of   adolescents   and   of
adults, in which the Labor Party de-
mauds a genuine equality of opportunity, overcoming all differences of material circustances, and for the organization of publie iprovements    of   all
kinds, including the brightening of the
lives of those now condemned to. almost ceaseless toil, and a great development of tho means of recreation.   From
the snmo source must come the greatly
increased publie provision    that    the
Labor Party will insist on being made
for scientific investigation and original
research, in every branch of knowledge,
not to say also for the promotion of
music, literature and fine art, which
have been under capitalism so. greatly
neglected, and upon    which,   bo   tho
Labor Party holds, any real development of civilization fundamentally depends.    Society,   like   thc   individual,
does not live by bread alono—does not
exist for perpetual wealth production. It
is in the proposal for this appropriation
of overy surplus for tho common good—
in the vision of its resolute use for the
building up of the community   as   a
whole instead of for the magnification
of individual fortunes—that tho Labor
Party, as the party of tho producers
by hand or by brain, moBt distinctively
marks itself off from tho older political
parties, standing as these do, essentially for tho maintenance, unimpaired, of
tho perpetual private   mortgage   upon
the annual product of the nation that is
involved in the individual ownership
of land and capital.
The Street of Tomorrow
The house whieh tho Labor Party intends to build, the four pillars of which
hav-e now been described does not stand
alone in the world. Where will it be
in the street of tomorrow: If we repudiate, on the one hand, tho imperialism that seeks to dominate other races,
or to impose our own will on other
parts of the British Empiro, so we disclaim equally any conception of a
selfish and insular "nonintervention-
ism," unregarding .of our special obligations to our follow citizens overseas;
of the corporate duties of one nation
to another; of the moral claims upon
us of the nonadult races, and of our
own indebtedness to the world of which
we aro part. We look for nn over-
increasing intercourse, a constantly developing exchango of commodities, a
steadily growing mutual understanding,
and a continually expanding friendly
co-operation umong all tho peoples of
the world. With regard to that groat
commonwealth of all races, all colors,
ull religions, and all degrees of civilization, that wc call tho British Empiro,
the Labor Party stands for its maintenance and its progressive development on thc lines of local autonomy
and "Home Rulo All Bound;" tho
fullest reapect for tho rights of each
people, whatever its color, to all tho
democratic self-government of which
it ih capable, nnd to tbe proceeds of
ita own toil upon the resources of its
own territorial home; and tho closest
possiblo co-operation nmong all the vur
inns members of what haa become ea*
Hcntinlly not nn empire in tho one sense,
but n Britnnnic alliance. Wo desiro to
maintain the most intimate rolationB
with the Labor parties overseas. Liko
them, we have no sympathy with tho
projects of "imporial federation," in
so far as these imply the subjection
to a common imperial legislature wielding coercive power (including dangerous facilities from coercive imperial
taxation and for enforced military servico), oither of the existing self-governing dominions, whoso autonomy would
bo thereby invaded; or of tho United
Kingdom, whose freodom of democratic
Bolf-governmont would be thereby
hampered; or of India and the colonial
dependencies, which would thereby run
the risk of being further exploited for
the benefit of a "white empire."
We do not intend, by any such "imporial senate," either to bring the plutocracy or Canada and South Africa
to the nid of tho British aristocracy, or
to enable the landlords and financiers
of the mother country to unite in controlling the growing popular democracies overseas. The' absolute autonomy
of each self-governing part of the empire must be maintained intact. What
wo look for, besides a constant progress
in democratic self-government of overy
part of the Britannic alliance, and
especially in India, Is a continuous
participation of tho ministers of the
dominions, of India, and eventually of
othor dependencies (perhaps by moans
of their own ministers specially resident in London for tins purpose) in the
most confidential deliberations of tho
cabinot, so far as foreign policy and
imporial affairs aro concerned-; and thc
AFTER SUPPER
BY TOM  PLAYTON
■representing all constituents of the
Britannic alliance and flllt parties in
their local legislatures, whieh should
discuss all matters of common interost,
but only in order to mako recommendations for the siuitnnoous consideration
of the various autonomous local legislatures of what should increasingly
take the constitutional form of an alliance of free nations. And we carry
the idea further. As regarda our relations to foreign countries, we disavow
and disclaim any desire or intention to
dispossess or to impoverish any other
state or nation. We seek no increase of
territory. We disclaim all idea of "economic war." We ourselves object to
all protective customs tariffs; but we
hold that each nation must be left free
to do what it thinks best for its own
economic development, without thought
of injuring others.
We believo that nations are in no
way damaged by each other's •economic
prosperity or commercial progress; but,
on tho contrary, that they aro actually
themselves mutually onriched thereby.
We would therefore put an end to the
old entanglements and mystifications of
secret diplomacy and thc formations of
leagues against leagues.
Wo stand for the immediate establishment, actually as a part of th-e
treaty of peace with which the prosent
war will end, of a universal league or
society of nations, n supornntional authority, with an international high
court to try all juatiafiblo issues between nations; an international legislature to enact such common laws as
can be mutually agreed upon, nnd an
international council of mediation to
endeavor to sottlo without ultimate conflict even those disputes which are
not justifiable. We would have all tho
nations of the world most solemnly undertake and promise to make common
cause against any oho of them that
broke away from this fundamental
ngreement. The world has suffered too
much from war for the Labor Party
to have any other policy than that of
lasting pence.
More Light—But Also More Warmth
The Labor Party is far from assuming that it possesses a key to open all
locks, or that any policy which it cnn
formulate will solve all the problems
which beset us. But we deem it important to ourselves as well ns to those
who may, on the one hand, wish to
join the party, or, on the othor, to take
up arms ngainst it, to make quito clear
und definite our aim and purpose. Th-e
Labor Purty wants that aim and purpose, as set forth in the preceding
pages, with all its might. It calls for
more warmth in politics, for much less
apathetic acquiescence in the miseries
that exist, for none of the cynicism
that saps the life of leisure. On tho
other hand, tho Labor Party hns no
belief in any of the problems of the
world being solved by goodwill alone.
Goodwill without knowledge is warmth
without light.
Especially in all the complexities of
politics, in the still undeveloped science
of society, the Lnbor Party stands for
increased study, for tho scientific investigation of each succeeding problem,
for tho deliberate organization of research, and for a much more rapid dissemination among the wholo people of
all thc science that exists. And it is
perhaps specially tho Labor Party that
has the duty of placing this advancement of science in the forefront of its
political programme. What the Labor
Party stands for in all fields of life is,
essentially, democratic co-operation;
and co-operation involves a common
purpose which can be agreed to; a
common plan which can be explained
and discussed, and such a measure of
success in the adaptation of means to
ends as will insure a common satisfaction. An autocratic sultan may govern
without science if his whim is law.
A plutocratic party may choose to ignore science, if it is heedless whether
its pretended solutions of social problems that may win political triumphs
ultimately succeed or fail. But no
Labor Party can/ hope to maintain its
position unless itB proposals are, in fact,
the outcome of the best political science
of itB time, or to fulfil ita purpose unless that science Ib continually wrestling new fields from human ignorance.
Hence, although the purpose-of the
Labor Party must, by the law of its
being, remain for all time unchanged,
its policy and its programme will, wo
hope, undergo a perpetual development
as knowledge grows and aB new phaaos
of the social problem present themselves in a continually finer adjustment
of our moasures to our ends. If law
is the mother of freedom, Bcience, to
the  Labor  Party, must bo the parent
of low.
(The End.)
THE DOLLAR DEMON
[By Nemesis]
Only a Mil, r dollar bill
With tlio grease of thousands stnln'd,
Bi»t tho wltii'ss clour ut tlio throne ol Ood
When mnn shall be arraigned.
For worth and lovr aro tho moasures thore
Thnt  ni-in's   brief book  must  All;
Nor worth nor love Is tho standard horo
But tho greasy dollar bill,
For ne.* long tho d'imon greed
Han   worked   fur  man's  auro fall;
On greed he's built his social life,
On   self   he's   staked   his  all;
And robbery 1ms been his aim
And hollow cant  bis school;
By law nud lie, by word and deed
He's broken the golden nil-).
Tho deep, dnrk vaults his treasures hold—
His jewels, bars and scrolls—
And bound tn them in golden chains
Thoir owners' shrivsllod souls.
For law must work and law must rule
O'or body,  soul  and mind;
And though the mills of Ood work slow,
Exceeding amall thoy grind.
When the dogs of war were loosed on earth,
Hell's fury in their breath,
And o'er the smiling lands rushed wild
In thilr lust for blood and death.
Up rose the plundering profiteers,
AH aafe from shot and shell
And clutched and ctawed the people's food
Their dollar hoards  to swell.
And widows' tabes went short of bread
Whllt* fell the widows' tears,
And rulers weak sat dumb and still
Through four long dreadful years,
Those devil's hoards are growing still
And the widows' tears still fall,
While brighter burns in redder type
The writing on the wall. 0
Across the sky In flaming words,
Thorn blind fools cannot read,
Shines  clear tbe awful prophecy
That  damns  all   graft  and  greed.
Around the earth from east to west
Rings out tho Lnbor call,
And  woe betide  those   dollar fiends
Whon the stroke of fata shall fall I
Upon request of tho Minnesota Federation of Labor, tho Taft-Walsh National War Labor Board has called the
bluff of Governor Burnquist of Minnesota, who under tho guiBe of patriotism,
. has boon doing his best to outlaw labor
aniiunl assembly of an Imperial council, unionism in that state.
The mask is off! The American government no longer camouflages aa a
democracy. Washington aud the long
line of his Successors squirm in their
graves. There are now three officially
recognized titled Americans—General
Sir John J. Pershing, Or. C. B.; General
Sir Taskcr H. Bliss, G.C.M.G., and General Sir Something-or-Other March,
G.C.M.G.—who are, no doubt, the forerunners of an extensive Yankee aristocracy. Por, if three are allowable
so are three hundred or threo thousand.
And, besides, it would not do at all
for the English king to slight the other
war-working subjects of his ally Wilson. For instance, Booscvelt should not
be left socially inferior to tho throe
generals named, for he certainly did
as much as any man to persuade his
fellows to go a-fighting. A lordship
would fix him up nicely. McAdoof
He 'b connected with Wilson by marriage. It will probably bo deemed desirable to create him Marquis McAdoo,
bo as to givo him and his wife proper
social standing about tho court of
Washington. And Gomporst It would
never do to ignore Labor. A baronetcy
should pacify him. Sir Samuel Gompors, Bart., would look well on his visiting cards. And so on—thore aro thousands of deserving names. Wilson, of
course, should be nt the very top of
the new aristocratic ladder. As Duke
of Washington ho would be able to associate fairly freely with foreign royalties, and he would always bo in a position to effectively boss the title-ridden
folks nt home.
* *   *
Seriously, though, you can't touch |
mud without having some of it stick
to you, and democracy can't associate
with autocracy without taking on some
of its ways. Peoplo plead, in excuse,
that these titles won't make any difference to tho recipients. Thoy will. In
social und governmont circles outside
of their own country, they will, nt any
rate, be invariably given precedence
over their untitled fellow-citizens.
Thnt is bound to excite envy and desire in the breasts of social climbers,
and if money can compass their -ends—
as we know well it can—thore is certain
to be a brisk future trade in these
baubles of royalty. What is to pro-
vent it?
* t   *
Sir .Joseph Ward, finance minister of
New Zealand, is one of the lenders in
this fight for a square doal all round,
for universal democratic principles nnd
all that sore of thing. He is a real
win-the-war apostle. But ho is, evi
dently, not very well posted on tho
oftiical objects of the war. He seems
to think it is a war of conquest. At
the British Empire League luncheon
on the 17th, he declared, most emphati
cully, that the peoplo of New Zealand
and Austrnlin would not, under any circumstances, stand for the return of
Samoa, New Guinea and tho Marshall
Islands to Germany after the war. He
said thoy did not want German vessels
to be nllowed to uso the Suez Canal
on tho same bnsis as tho vessels of
othor countries; that they wero utterly opposed to the roapponrance of Germany in tho Pacific. Ho even went
so far as to hint that Now Zealand nnd
Australia might feel compelled to fight
the Motherland if Germany was allow
ed to retain hor old possessions. How
ever, by the timo tho war is over New
Zealand will probably havo another
finance minister, onc who will really
speak for the pooplo of New Zealand—
a workingman, we'd guess. And if tho
poople of New Zealand nre going to
do any more fighting, we imagine it
will be very, very different. Sir Jo*
seph may even find himself In tho opposing camp.
* •   •
With Gorman assistance, England
stole Gibraltar from Spain in 1704, and
for long afterwards it proved a most
valuable possession. Now, however, it
is quite useless for tho purpose for
which it was originally seized. Gibraltar is to Spain what Stanley Park is
to British Columbia. It is actually a
part of Spain. Thereforo, if England
is in this war to see that countries are
governed in accordance with the wishes
of the majority of their peoples, she is
morally bound to quit governing a part
of Spain when tho Spuniards want to
govern that part of their own country
themselves. Wc wouldn't droam of allowing a foreign country to occupy
and govern Stanley Park. We would
consider it the depth of national indignity. And yet England is forcing
Spain to put up with just thai indignity. H. G. Wells has been suggesting
lately that England should gracefully
return the stolen property. His suggestion, howover, doosn 't nppeal to
his fellow-Englishmen in high places:
they nrgue strenuously against it. Now,
in the midst of thc discussion, comes
Sir Henry Johnson, with a suggestion
much more palatable to thom. He says:
Let England return Gibraltar and let
Spain hand over Tangier in exchange-
Tangier, of course, being much moro
valuable. Truly, the moral notions of
some of our self-appointed leaders are
appalling.
* *   «
It is roported from Shanklini that the
Allies have decided on joint intervention in Siberia. British, French, Ameri-
can and JnpnncNc contingents nro to
occupy Vladivostok, it soems, in tho interests of thc Czecho-Slovaks. Wc
cun't quite mako things out. If the
Czecho-Slovaks are not strong enough
to win control by themselves, they
must surely bo in a minority, and,
therefore, not entitled to run tho country—that is if wo properly understand
tht right of all countries to be governed in accordance with the wishes of
the majority of the poople. If, on the
other hand, the Czecho-Slovaks are the
strong party, thore doesn't seem much
neod to assist them. Of courso, tho op-
ponontB of the Czecho-Slovaks are the
Bolshoviki—mere working poople. That
may explain matters somewhat.
i   •   •
The banks aro preparing for
troublous days they see ahead. They
are preparing just as we are—by unionising. Take England, tbe money centre of tho world of yestorday. In 1891
there were 10(1 joint stock banks in
Oreat Britain. Today there are 34.
During tho same period the number of
privato banks has fallen from 37 to 0.
In other words, 40 banks now control
thc entire finances of Great Britain,
which wero previously in the hands of
143 institutions. In Germany, during
1917, the DoutBcho Bank absorbed
threo others; the Disconto GcscllBchaft
six others; tho Dresdnor Bank livo
othors, Roughly, theBe groat banks aro
now four timos as strong, in deposits,
as thoy were beforo tho war. Similarly in other countries.   The financial
interests are everywhere uniting to
better fight the rising strength of an
aroused people. Here in Canada we
have watched the process, at close quar.
ters, as it worked in unison with that
in operation elsewhere. There is no
doubt that tho banks have enormously
increased their financial strength by
this process of fusion. But they are
also, unconsciously, making it a whole
lot easier for ub—when we are tho
state—to tako over and run thom, as
they should always have boen run, in
tho intorests of tho people as a whole.
And so we watch all these amalgamations with pleased interest.
A workman interrupted a patriotic
appeal recently in San Francisco by
asking the question, "What About
Mooney t'' He was promptly hurried to
jail, but released whon he was found to
be a Spanish-American war veteran,
with a clean record.
"THE TIME. PLEASE?"
At the present time this question Is
asked of our operating staff In the cities
of Vancouver, Vietoria and New Westminster 13,060 tlmea each day. Time
calls comprise nearly four per cent, of
all tel<-nhone calls.
Because of the shortage and delay In
securing equipment, and also the necessity at present of conserving the time of
tbe operating staff, tho saving of this
four per cent, tn both material and time
Is a large factor in these cities.
On this account, tbe giving of time by.
Central will be discontinued after July
31st,  1918.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany, Ltd.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the undersigned, and endoraod "Tender for
Shed and Trackage on Flor No. 8, Victoria, B. O.", will bo received at this offico
until 12 o'clock noon, on Tuesday, August
18, 1018, for the construction of ono wooden
shed, trackage, etc., on or near Plor No. 8,
at Victoria, B. 0.
Plana' and forms of contract can be seen
and specification and forms of tonder obtained at this Department and at the office of
tho District Engineer at Victoria, B. C, and
at the Post Office, Vancouver, B. C.
Tenders will not bs considered unless
mado upon forms supplied by tho Department and in accordance with condition aot
forth therein.
Each tender muat be accompanied by an
accepted cheque on a chartered bank, payable to the order of the Ministor of Publio
Works, equal to 10 p.c. of tho amount of'
the tender.
Note.—Bluo prints can be obtained at
the Department of Public Works by depositing an accepted bank cheque for the Bum of
$85 payablo to tho order of tho Minister
of Public Works, which will be returned if
tho intondlng bidder submit a regular bid.
By ordor,
R. C. DESROCHERS,
Secretary.
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, July 15, 1918.
Suspect
your eyes
_ If you suffer from headache,
neuritis and organic derangement
or general nervous debility—put
your eyes under suspicion right
away—whether you sue well or not
until they prove their Innocence.
The chances aro that tbey know
something nbout tho catiBo of tbo
trouble.
* * *
_ Hnve the eyes examined by nn
expert optometrist who will tell
you whether or not your eyes are
absolutely spherical and so porfect,
and If they are malformed, the extent and nature of the malformation. This is tho optometrical examination, Tho prescription made
from this examination is filled by
tho optician.
* * *
f_ Lenses ground to remedy the
defect, or the refractive error of
the eye, will absolutely remove the
derangement, and, of course, their
painful symptoms.
* *       •
4| My profession is that of optometrist and optician. I have the
moat modern facilities for the examination of the eyea and the
grinding of glasses. 1 hope to have
the privilege of examining your
eyes ia case yoa put then, under
suspicion.
1908
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Oranvillo Optical Co.
649 ORANVILLE STBEET
Below Drysdals's
T.B.0CTHBERT80NA00.
lien's Hatters and Outfitters
ISO annuls StrMI
Sta Hutlnp Strut Wist
SOU-VAN
MILK
Bhould be in the home ot
every mania it in YOUES?
—Phona Fairmont MM—
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
-TWUTinY MBIIS-
(■M-OTtt-MkS OsllMlw OS.)
—iNlfuMsn isc Valsa Ha—
Uatw-aals   Mmm,
oil* mut mtet attaint
42 Hastings St. East
AftOUt!
July Clearance Sale
—OF—
Black Silks
Pure Silk Black Pailette, 36-
inch.   Reg. $1.75....$1.49
Pure Silk Black Bed Edge
Messaline, 36-inch. Beg.
$1.95 for ?1.69
Pure Silk Black Duchess
Moussaline, 36-inch. Beg.
$2.25 for $1.95
Pure Silk Heavy Black
'Duchess Moussaline, 36-
inch and 40-inch. Beg.
$2.75 per yard for..$2.45
36-inch Black Chiffon Taffeta Heavy Suiting. Beg,
$2.25 for S1.95
40-inch Black Chiffon Taffeta Heavy Suiting. Beg.
$3.50 for $2.95
36-inch Black Peau de Soie
Suiting. Sale price, per
yard $2.75
40-inch C. J. Bonnet's Best
Black Peau de Soio at.
yard $4.25
Saba Bros.
Limited
"Che Silk Specialists
662 ORANVII-LE STRUT
Your Market Basket
WILL SAVE HOMEY FOB TOU
Bring It Along snd Shop st
S. T. Wallace's
Marketeria
You'll bo surprised how much you
can save.
NO DELIVERIES-^I cot the prices
of ray Orfaceries and make It worth
your while to carry them home.
Specials for Saturday
EggB, guaranteed new laid, por (}3.d
dozon   ~
Finest Eiistern Butter, Govern- .__\J}
ment Inspected, lb  '
Kuisins, special, 1) packages 25<£
for  « T
Jniu,  strawberry  and  applo; -fift-ft
4-lb.  tins   v
Macaroni, por 10f£
packnfto   *^
Shaker Unit, _Od
per box   ^
Hollirook's  Vinegar, largo 25l£
bottle     v
Pickle, mixed, sweet or sour; 20<t
bottle     r
Fly Catchers- lOrf
4 coils   r
Boyal Crown  Soap, 25<!?
fl   bars     r
Dairy Halt. 50-lb.   sucks. 0f_\£
Extra special   ~
Mall  Ordera   Promptly  Attended  to
118 HASTINOS W.
Nearly Opposite Woodward's
Bay. 784 (nd 1268
OuuhU Food Bout IIcuh Se. 1-1165
A Tool Talk...
Efficiency ia the objective point
of the real tool-maker. Ho aims
to give the workora of the world
a tool that will enable each workman to illustrate just how close
he can come to tho 100 por cent.
efficiency mark.
New tools are constantly being
invented, and old tools constantly being improved. To recognize
the need for a new tool and appreciate the valuo of improvements, in an old tool, is tho work
of an expert. Our tool man is
just such nn expert. Why not
bring your tool troubles to him.
"THE BEST TOOLS FOB
ALL TBADES"
Thia hns been our slogan for
many yours. No shoddy goods
havo ever been allowed in our
stock. In consequence, wo have
won tho good will of all good
workmen, and are thc recognized
union storo for Greater Vancouvor.
J. A. Rett, Ltd.
UNION TOOL SHOP
339 HASTINOS STBBBT WBST
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hststings Fnrnitiire CaLtfL
<U HtMtap IMM WMt
OOWAN   ft   BR00KH0U81
puriu AMD rraunau
FrUtni te n. TtdtntitalM
Msnll-wUI b 	
atara niwipopn  priaUni pUnl.
acca
THE LONDON GRILL
L orrroiAL papeb vakcouvee
TBADES  ASS  LABOB   OOTOOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OTflOZAX*  FAFBB  BBRIIX OOtb*
miU FBDBBATIOB OT  UBO*
TENTH YEAR.   No. 30
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 26,1918
WHEN you think of DENTISTRY think of DB.
LOWE.   When you have DR.  LOWE  do your
dental work you are sure to get
COMFORT AND LONG SERVICE
DB. LOWE replaces lost or missing teeth with teeth
that in many instances do thc work as well and look
better than your original teeth.
Dr. Lowe's prices, value considered,
are reasonable.
DR. LOWE, Dentist
108 Hastings St. W., Oor, Abbott,     Phone Sey. 5444
(Opposite Woodward's Big Store)
Specials for Friday and Saturday
WAR TAX EXTBA WHERE REQUIRED
REID'S STANDARD PREPARATIONS
$1.00 Reld's    Syrup   Hypophbs-
phltoR  75
.50 Reid's Pile Ointment  35
.25 Reld's Witch Hazel Crenm    .20
.35 Reid's Faco Crenm 80
.25 Ruid'R Cnscnrn Tablets 20
.50 Reid's   Fruit   Snline   46
1.00 Reid's    Preparation    Cod
Liver Oil  00
.50 R>ld  Syrup  nf  Figs  45
1.00 Reid's Iron & Nux Vomica. Tablets    75
.50 Reid's    Syrup    of    White
Pino and Tnr  40
Overseas Boxes for Sending Parcels
Strong, durable, light—two sizes
PENSLAR FAMILY MEDICINES
AND TOILET PREPARATIONS
Penslar Dynamic   Tonic   75
Penslnr  Dynamic  Tonic   91.50
Penslar   Almond   and   Cucumber
Cream  25 and   ,60
Penslnr Syrup of Hypophosphltes 1-00
Penslar  Liver   Saline    35
Penslar   Liver   Saline    60
Penslar Hair Tonic  50
Penslnr Hair Tonic   1.00
Penslar Vanishing Cream  36
Genuine Imported French Olive OU
Good oil Is getting scarce. Wo bava
the Virgin brand.
Bottlos  40c, 76c, $1.26
Tins. 1-qunrt 82.26, 2-quart $4.60,
1-gallon   $9.00
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
T'TMITEP
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1965 and 1966
BBANOH STORES:
7 Hastings Street West Seymonr 3532
782 Qranvllle Street Seymonr 7013
2714 Oranvllle Street Bey. 2314 and 1744-0
412 Main Street Seymonr 2032
1700 Commercial Drive High. 235 and 1733-0
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
A FAMILY SHOE STORE
This is a Shoe Store where the whole family can bc properly fitted with just the
sort of Shoes they will enjoy wearing.
Our stock is selected from the Best
Shoemakers, Best Shoes and you will find
no disappointments at this store,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STBEET
UNION STORE
SAM M. SCOTT
THE BOYS' CLOTHING SPECIALIST
; Granville Street Seymour 5715
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental tnd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STORES—2
48 Hastings Street East, Sey. 988472 — 728 Oranvllle Street, Sey. 9513
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
T. B. HILL'S
GREAT MID-SUMMER CLEARANCE SALE
TO CLEAR up all our Summer goods and odd lines, we
began on Thursday morning by cutting to the bone the
price of all our warm weather stock.
In view of the fact that these goods have advanced in
price fully 50 per cent, since we purchased them, wo give to
you the opportunity of filling your wants at less than the
present wholesaler's prices.
Following are a few of the many bargains we offer as long
as thc goods last:
MEN'S SPORT SHIRTS, $1.50 and $2.00, now $1.00
SUMMER UNDERWEAR—2-piecc and combinations; Athletic and Balbriggan; $1.25 suit for $1.00
PANAMA HATS, to $6.00, now $3.50
MEN'S AND YOUNG MEN'S 2-PIEGE BELTED SUITS—
Vory neat and stylish; values to $27.50, now $20.00
MEN'S WORK GLOVES, good value at $1.50, now....$1.00
MEN'S SUSPENDERS, 75c value, now ,  50*
117 Hastings Street East
Man Who Has Had Experience Sounds Danger Note
and Gives Advice
[By R. Kirk]
Very soon tbe preflB of this country
will be devoting a considerable amount
of spaco to crop reports coming in from
tho Qrain Growers Association and
other institutions supposed to represent
the interests of wheat and stock farmers of the prairies. Under large, heavy,
leuded captions we will be told of a
scarcity of barvoBt help, and tho great
price boing paid by farmers for hired
help.
There will not be a single paper devoting an inch of space to the fact that
if a farmer paid $5 per day (and this
was the maximum wage last year and
that too only in the 'most remote spots
whoro help was scarce), ho'd only be
paying at the rate of 35 cents per hour,
if one considers the number of actual
hours of labor. And if wo judgo the
wages during the harvest season from
this point of view, the Bnme will not induce many laborers earning $3.85 for
eight horus to leavo the shipyards on
tho coast or any other work for that
matter.
Fourteen hours in thc fields is nothing
unusual during the threshing season.
And if wo add to thc number of hours
of labor the conditions or accommodations which harvesters hnve to put up
with, we'll cease to wonder at the scarcity of help, if there could be such n
thing,
Pew people imagine that, in this age
of enlightenment, industrial progress,
and so forth, the harvesters sleep in thc
barns with thc horses amid thc stink
and insect pests. And when tho harvester has unrolled his bed, wliich ke
carries on his back, nnd sunk to sleep,
he rolls and tumbles among the hay
getting enough of the prickly weeds on
his garments to keep him busy tearing
his hide oil' in thc morning while ho
searches in the dark for his boots and
heaps curses on "hayseeds" in particular, und tho crnzy world in general.
The writer of these lines has helped
to stook and thresh the crops of more
than onc harvest season, and in more
than ono province. So these lines are
the growth of first-hand experience. I
have met and worked for some good
farmers, men who enjoy life, comfort
and luxury and generous enough to give
the same to those who worked for them.
I have worked for threshers who carried their own sleeping and dining cars
with thom. And some of these have
helped to make the crews feel at home
and comfortable on nights whon the
rnin beat down in torrents or when the
glass fell below zero. I have slept on
straw piles, when thore was neither
barn or sleeping car, aud in leaky tents
witho.it a lire when the rain saturated
the blankets and the straw piled on tlio
ground or when an icy wind in zero
weather found the weak spots in one's
anatomy. Beckon this up with the hours
of labor, nnd you'll wonder why they
ever get the harvest in ot all. Now
there is only one way to account for
the fact that however big or little the
crop is, or how rotten the conditions,
there are always enough men to go out
and cut and thresh it, And that is this:
None but the casual workor ever goes
to the harvest field, men who make railroads possible or the clearing of ty forest. Men for whom there never was a
teady job. And when these como bnck
from a harvest season, and for months
nfterwards, tho name of farmer will
make them Bee red faster than thc namo
of capitalist will mnke thc I. W. W.
fanatic think of sabotage.
In fact, there are men who'll go back
to thc harvest fields after meoting with
an unusually tough experience just to
"get back" at the "class" that handed it out to him. Many a rock has
found its way in to a separator through
this desire for veneance. And perhaps
it was a like experience that supplied
the motive for killing men and teams
and destroying the outfit in North Dakota some time ago.
I honor the men who go back. It
shows a spirit of vengeance that does
more to shake up n "class" than nny
number of sermons oa compassion. The
average farmer on the prairie today is
of the hoaicsteader class, who lias
toughed it under conditions that has
mado them more beast than human.
And many of these have never until
li)15 hnd a crop that looked like making
their early dreams eome truo. From out
of this number n few who, having got
a little money ahead, spent it making
conditions brighter nnd snner around
them. But as iu all other walks in life,
possession of even a little mnde the rest
mennor and more selfish than ever.
Upon this numbor fell the curses of
thoso who toiled for them. Should some
day thc news como in that large fires
had started in wheat fields and n largo
percentage of the crops be destroyed;
should thc news be rounded out with a
hint that Germans or I. W. W.'s were
responsible, I will be onc of those least
surprised, but instead of heeding ihe
suspicion, I'll think of thc men I worked for nnd those I worked with and
cense to wonder nt the cause.
Indeed, it iB to holp bring such rotten
conditions und possibilities to an end
that I'm writing these lines. And
should they by chance claim the attention of those in administrative circles,
let thom deviBC somo means of regulat*
ing hours, wages and conditions in rae
harvest fields. Any Iosb of wheat Is
our loss of food today or tomorrow. It
ia not sane to Btart destruction or retard the gathering of crops, but theso
are abnormal timeB, and men hell-bent
on "getting back" will never stop
until these conditions are remedied.
Turn down this well-meant advice, and
anything may happen.
Today when Btrike after strike is tak
ing place, when as soon us onc is set
tied another one is being called; while
tho freight rates nre rising higher nnd
higher, do you think it is possible for
wide-spread action to bo prevented during the coming harvest! More nnd
more money is all the crnzy foola of
workors nnd masters think of fighting
nbout at present. But soon out of this
cauldron of boiling ignorance an idea
will como for something bettor. But
before that cnn happen, I pity Cnnada
and the people who live in it.
DAN McDERMOTT
BusineiB   Agent   and   Financial   Socretary
Painters and Decorators Union.
\   WU, 18.00  )
$1.50 PER YEAB
EX-ALD. GORDON W.
Mary    Anderson,    Active
Unionist, Appointed in
Women's Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 8.—Tho assistant chief of the new Woman's Bureau
in the United States Department of
Labor, Miss Mary Anderson, whoso
appointment has just been announced,
is thc first trado union woman appointed to an administrntion offlce in a national executivo department. She is a
member of the executive hoard of thc
International Boot and Shoe Workors
Union, and has been for seven yenrs
orgninzer for the National Women's
Trade Union League, with headquarters in Chicago. At present she is
also vice-chairman of the Washington
Committeo of the National Women's
Trade Union Lengue.
For eighteen years Miss Anderson,
who is of Swedish birth, worked as a
stitcher in Chicago shoo factories. During much of thnt time she was president of thc Chicago Boot and Shoe
Workers Local, and for n year when
she was working in a factory at Lynn,
Mass., she was president of the women's locnl there.
Miss Anderson enters her new position from tho Ordnance* Bureau of tho
War Department, where she has been
supervisor in the woman's branch of
the industrial servico section. In this
capacity her work consisted chiefly of
conferences with workers and employers in connection with the enforcement
of the government's labor policy in
munition factories.
Mary Anderson knows thc Labor
story becnuse sho hns lived it. Necessarily docs she know the labor woman's
problems.
"Tlie need for the Woman's Burenu,
and our great hopes ns to whnt it will
do," soys Mi as Anderson, "grows out
of tho fact thnt the peculiar problems
surrounding women in industry have
never received enough attention. Thc
reason they have not received enough
attention is, I think, thnt the woman's
point of view hns never been represented in the policy-making bonrds.
'' Until traditions arc broken, and
men acquire the habit of putting
women in ndministrative nnd consultative positions as rendily and as frequently as they put men in such places,
tho Woman's Bureau has a big work
cut out for it. Womon have been left
out of labor councils- heretofore. Not
even in thc executive council of the
American Federation of Lnbor nre
women represented. There is no womnn
on the National Wnr Labor Board. The
grutest thing in the future of the
Woman's Bureau will be the fact that
its chief, a womnn, will be a member
of the Wnr Labor Policies Board. This
menus that she will have equal authority with nny man on tho bonrd, not
only with regnrd to women, but with
regnrd to men ulso—bringing to benr
on thc governmont for the first time
In the history of this country the
woman's point of view on labor questions."
Miss Anderson expresses herself
ns strongly in fnvor of writing the government's lnbor standards into nil government contracts. The greatest problem of nil the new burenu will have t<>
denl with, she says, is tho problem of
securing equal puy fur equal work by
women and men. In scores of factories, according to her observation^
women nro now doing men's work for
less thnn men nre pnid.
"We must focus attention on such
things ns this, and on the ten-hour shift
that prevails for women in some fnctories, both day and night. Women
know whnt such conditions mean to
women, the mothers of the race. On
these and till other lnbor questions wo
hope to mnke the Woman's Burenu tho
expression of the labor woman's point
of view in tho government's labor administration."
Shoes
You b-ok at your shoes occasionally
and wonder why in blnzes you are compelled to pay double the prico for a pair
now compared to four or five years ngo.
It mnv be that this fact is related to
the problem: In thc 1(111-1913 period
thc Central Leather Company, a branch
of tho leather combine took average
profits from the public amounting to
$2,100,000. Lost year tho loot was raised td nearly $10,000,000, and this yenr
it is going "still higher. There is nothing very mysterious nbout a transaction
where a corporation profiteers in that
manner thnt somebody must pny, nnd
thoBe who wear shoes are that somebody.—Cleveland Citizen,
■ KINGSTON, JAMAICA.—A great
wave of unrest is passing over the laboring and artisan classes throughout
Jamaica. During thc past woek there
have been more strikes than have taken
placo beforc in nny corresponding
period.
Funeral of an Octogenarian
Pioneer Largely Attended Saturday
There passed away at his home, Cog-
Ian, B. C, on July 17, Gordon W. Thomas, aged 82 years, formerly of this eity;
a native of Amherst, N. 8., and who arrived in Vancouver in March, 1886, Ho
was a carpenter and one of the early
members of Local 617, Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners, and a delegate
from that union to tho Trades and Labor Council. He served that body faithfully on thc parliamentary and other
committees. He successfully contested
ward five in 1805 as Labor candidate
for aldermanic honors. Afterwards he
located at South Vancouver, where he
was also councillor for three years. The
late Mr. Thomas leaves to mourn his loss,
besides his wife, five children, one son
being a British soldier engaged in the
present European war. The funeral took
place last Saturday, 20th inst., at 2 p.
m., from the undertaking parlors of T,
Edwards & Co., to Mountain View Cemetery. There was a largo attendance of
sympathizing friends, and tho many
beautiful floral tributes bespoke the
high esteem in which tho deceased,
whose integrity waB beyond reproach
and whose word was his bond, was held.
Rov. J. H. Cameron officiated at thc
chapel and grnveside. The pnllbeorers
were old-time friends of Mr. Thomns,
namely, Messrs. Hughes, Owens, Trimble, Edgerton, Mitchell nnd McKay.
DIRTY TAOTIOS USED
TO DEFEAT LABOR
Government Prints Notorious Leaflet in
Connection With the British
Engineers Troubles
A notorious leaflet made its appear-
aacc during tho engineering strike in
England last yoar. It purported to convey ti message from the kaiser and von
Hindenburg to tho strikers ,addressing
them as "Knmerads," and thanking
them for the -assistance they had rendered to tho German nrins. It is now
estnblishcd, says the Daily News, on the
showing of the parliamentary secretary
to the ministry of Munitions himself,
that the leaflet, which was printed by a
London firm but bore no printer's name,
was ordered1 by an ofliciul of the ministry of Munitions during the strike in
question, and was to bc scattered over
engineering areas by asroplanes which
were to be popularly believed to be
German. One hundred thousnnd were
printed, but were forthwith destroyed,
for the strike ended bofore they could
bo used. Such aro the depths to which
capital will stoop to defeat Labor in
Britnin.
steadily
UNION SHOP
the way to economy in Men's and
Women's Outer Clothing. We have
persistently Preached the Gospel of the
Oood Article at the Fair Price. We
have many Converts to our Creed-
many advocates of our principles. One
customer makes many as we never have
a dissatisfied one, but numerous boosters. We're making new customers
daily—why not yout You 11 certainly
get better goods and better value here
than anywhere else. Every one knows
that.
CUSTOM TAILORED SUITS
of highest style -and grandest quality; made by union expert tailors, under best conditions and fair and full union
wages. Finest imported woollens in greatest variety affording fullest choice to suit every taste.
LADIES' $45 up MEN'S $35 up
B.C.
—The—
TAILORING
COMPANY
128 Hastings Street East
Near Theatre Boyal (Old Pantages)
The news tlmt Isnac Bainbridge, the
editor of tho Canadian Forward, hnd
been released from prison on tho order
of the Minister of Justice is a direct
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump —Comox Nut —Comox Pea
(Try our Fea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
MACDONALD-NARPOLE Co.
Phone
Seumour
zio
Phont
tmmrn
aio
1001 MAIN STREET
result of the representations made to
o government and the department of
justico by tho Orgnnized Labor Move
ment and members of democratic bodios
tvho believed in the principlo of a
square deal!
Shelly's 4-X Bread Is
Now a Union Loaf
Baked by Union Bakers
Union
4-X Bread
—for
Better
IN keeping with the times—although the
working conditions of our men were
above criticism—after the overcoming of a
certain misunderstanding regarding
UNION LABOR, wc have got together and
Unionized our Vancouver bakery. With
the result that all our former bakers are
now "on the job," and Shelly's 4-X Bread is
once again back to the same high standard
of quality it has been noted for in days
gone by.
SHELLY BROS.
Limited
Tenth Avenue West PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY...
1B. C.
Published enn Friday morning by the B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
und "our" devotion to "our" common
cajsc!" Why is it necossary to bluster,
; pretend and profess so persistently und
even boisterously, thut "loyalty" that
, "no ono can dispute?" Why is it
I nocossury   to   devote   th*   forthcoming
A. S. Wells...
Offlce: Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir
TeL Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription: $1.50 per year;    in Vancouver
Olty, $2.00;  to unions subscribing
in a body, fl.00
•'Unity sf Ubor:  the Hope of the World'
FBIDAT July 26, 1918
THE FEDEBATIONIST is in receipt of a copy of an official circular, addressed to "Secretaries of
Oity Central Bodies and A. F. of L. Or-
ganizora, calling upon all und sundry to
tako thc necessary
A TIME TOR steps to seo that
"SACKCLOTH "Labor's Day, 1918,
AND ASHES" should bo observed in
a distinctive manner. '' This impressive circular is
signed by no less a personage than thc
distinguished Samuel Gompers, who
quito properly and with most becoming
modesty, takes advantago of overy opportunity to emblazon the fact to an admiring world that he is "President of
tho American Federation of Labor."
With tho proposition that stops bc taken to properly and fittingly celebrate
the one day in the year that has been
so kindly set aside by thoir masters for
the purposo of allowing the slaves to
swell up with the importance of thoir
own freedom (a something they do not
and can not possess so long as government exists, and mastors remain masters), we have no serious objection, but
bb to what would constitute a propor
and fitting celebration of the occasion,
The Federationist is not altogether in
accord with the astute and loquacious
president of the A. F. of L.
* *        *
Mr. Oompers officially declares as follows:
"Since the recognition of the first
Monday in September as Labor's
Day, the celebration of ihat day haB
increasingly become observed as
Labor's special festival.
"The first Monday in September,
1917, being the first Labor Day after our country entered the war, its
celebration assumed a more subdued and seriouB tone,
"The first Monday in September,
1918, will be the second Labor Day
since our Bepublic haB thrown its
strength and resources in the titanic world struggle.
'' No one can dispute that Labor
has done and is loyally .doing its
part in support of the government
and our common cause.
"It la but fitting tbat Labor's
Day, 1918, ahould be observed in a
distinctive manner. We, therefore,
recommend that organized labor in
every section of the country observe Lahor Day, 1918, by special
ceremonies and demonstrations, and
tbat the slogan for the day be:
"Win the War for Freedom."
* *       *
It is evident that Mr. Oompers does
not altogether approve of the "more
subdued and serious tone'' that marked
the celebration of Labor Day, 1917,
"the first Labor Day after our country
entered the war,'' for doos not the good
man advise and recommend "special
ceremonies and demonstrations," and
the loud sounding of the terrifying slogan "Win the War for Freedom/' upon
the forthcoming Labor Dayf Surely
there is nothing "subdued and serious"
Implied in such a performance. Upon
the contrary, that which is recommend*
ed would more properly be classified as
a display of boisterous and frivolous
exuberance of spirits—induced by unwise indulgence in the intoxicating ruling class beverage known as loyalty
and patriotism, a beverage that completely unhinges the weak intellect of
slaves and causes them to cavort grotesquely, but greatly to thc edification
and delight of their masters and owners, it having been designed, compounded and distilled for that especial
purpose.
* *        *
Just how it is that the avorage wage
slave can keep his facial muscles under
control when the slave skinning plantation upon which an unkind fate haB
cruelly condemned him to suffor, sweat,
bleed and die, for tho glory and aggrandizement of brutal rulers, masters and
owners, is rcferrod to as "our country" or."our Republic," is a mystery.
It affords, however, a most interesting
study of tho irreducible impenetrability
of the working class hide to the shafts
of humor, no matter how koen. That
Samuel cnn still put thut sort of stuff
over and get by with it without tho
property less, homeless, countryless and
■oftentimes jobless slaves laughing in
his faco, evidently indicates that Sum
juol knows that they aro us devoid of
humor as himself. And he is the biggest joke of all, ,
* * *
i It is truo that, "no one can dispute
that Labor has done and is loyally doing its pnrt in support of the government and our common cause." It is
us true in this country and the United
States as it is in Germany and Austria.
Labor Ib doing the working, the fighting and the dying; it is feeding, clothing, munitioning, maiming, slaughtering aud destroying, in oach and every
country involved in the glorious debacle
and it is doing so as loyally, joyfully,
patriotically and devotedly in any one
of them as in the rest. Wherever and
whenever the masters desire their services, no muttor for whut purpose, all
they have to do is to wave thc flag and
sound tho slogan of "win the wnr for
freedom," and right gallantly do the
slavos respond, aud freedom and domocracy are made quite sufe, no matter
which side wins. And such boing tho
case in overy country of the earth (unless it might be savage, barbarous and
backward Bussia, the bete noire of alt
decent, respectable, well-ordered, highly cultured, loftily inspired, altruistic
and Christina nations), why all this
zeal and energy in continually avouching "our" loyalty, "our" patriotism,
jjjyj^gj | Labor Day to the ridiculous purpose of
again loudly asseverating, proeluiming,
emphasizing and repeating that which
is self-evident to all who have eyes
with which to see, and earB with which
to hear! Tho necessity of such reiteration could spring only from a consciousness of the ahallowneBs and mockery of
the pretense that is being made. And
tho silly protestants are but giving the
secret away by the profusion of their
protests. Thiey do protest too much.
* *        *
And what is loyalty, anyhow! It
has been said that "the basis of government must ever be the LOYALTY
if not tho love of its people." Government is rule over Blaves. Its basis then
is the LOYALTY, tho ALLEGIANCE,
the FIDELITY of the slaves thomselves
to that rule, that government which hns
sot itself up ovor thom, to drive them
to their tasks and to seize the fruits of
thoir industry. And that is what aar
gront Gompers and othors who have assumed the office of shepherds of the
ilock of slaves, ure so zealously instilling into the rank and filo and so loudly
and boastfully proclaiming throughout
the world as tho chief virtuo ensconced
within their servile hides, the virtue of
loyalty to the class and its instrument
—the stato—that rules, robs and ravishes hem. And tho high priest ordains
that Labor Day, tho ono day out of
three hundrod and sixty-five that has
been set aside' by tho masters for the
purpose of allowing their slaves to pretend that they are free, ib to be especially dedicated at this particular time to
raucously bawling their loyalty to rulers and robbers, and their devotion to
the ruling class purpose of winning the
"war for freedom," that ia the freedom of whichever gang wins out, to
exploit and torture the slaves of the
earth according to tho particular cultural formula most pleasing to the winning side. In one case it will be in con-
fomity with tho feudal code of the club,
the bayonet and the bomb, undisguised
and openly wielded; in the other the
same thing masked beneath '' scraps of
paper," and camouflaged by ruling
class verbal democarcy and other sinister hypocrisies. Freedom for the slaves
of the field, the forest, the mine, the
railway, the shop and mill? Freedom
for they who toil and sweat and fight
and die for that miserable swindle
known as wages, and sometimes camouflaged under the specious term of the
prico they receive for their products?
There is neither freedom nor democracy
for slaves, except at the cost of their
masters' right to rule, to rob and to
torture them as a class. And no war
has yet been fought for that sort of
freedom. Nor can the thought of such
a war ever enter the heads of the simple souls who constitute tho •' backbone
of the nation," so long as they can
still be fed upon the silly twaddle about
loyalty and patriotism that constitutes
the sole diet issued unto them by so-
called "Labor loaders" who are little
else than decoys lending nnd holding
them in the shambles of ruling class industry and exploitation.
*,.♦._*
The Fedorationist suggests that Labor Day of this glorious year, a year
that is being dedicated exclusively to
war, slaughter and devastation, bo oolo-
brated by the workers in "sackcloth
and ashes," the sackcloth and ashes of
repentence for the sin of ignorance and
humility in which they have been steeped, soaked and saturated by the deadly
philosophy and poisonous culture peddled unto them by the high priests and
Pharisees of hypocrisy and deceit that
draw their moral and spiritual pabulum
from the tho fount of loyalty and devotion to the rulers and robbers of the
earth; an ignorance and humility that
has caused their class all down through
the ages to drench the ruling class earth
with its blood and fertilize the fields
of wealth and vulgarity with its flesh
and bones. And while thus fittingly
celebrating the day by repenting in
sackcloth and ashes, lot the resolve be
made that immediately upon the heels
of this war, thia pretended crusade for
a democracy that is but a sham and for
a freedom that is a lie, that the slogan
shall bo sounded for a war to be won
by Labor that shall be a real war of tho
working class of the entiro world
against their common rulers, masters
and governments.
THIRTY YEARS AGO tho agitation for an eight-hour duy was being vigorously pushed forward in
the city of Chicago. Strikes wero, us is
usual under the prosent form of slavery,
of frequent occur-
THE STAGE ronce. A big one oc-
IS SET FOR curred nt the McCor-
A LYNCHING mtck renpor works, in
which a largo number
of workmen took part. In Chicago at the
time there rosided a number of workers who took active part in tho education und organization of the slaves of
capitalist industry, who wore oxponeuts
and advocates of the most advanced
political and economic thought of those
days. Their teaching and influence wns
doing much to awaken their dull and
docile fellow-slaves to a consciousness
of tho source of the miseries that were
heaped upon them in their daily struggle for existence, and to turn that
awakening into such channels of action
as wore calculated to lead to some deliverance from the miseries and discomforts under which they had so long suffered. The agitation referred to, and
the apparent awakening of the slaves
that was resulting from it, caused great
alarm among the delectable aggregation
of exploiters, rogues and robbers that
constitutes tho ruling class, under tho
brutal dispensation of capitalist prop
orty and industry, It bocame a mutter
of the utmost importance to this ruling
clnss that thc dangerouB agitation bc
stopped, Tho only way to Stop it wub
to "get" the most active and therefore dangerouB ones who were carrying
it on,
#        *        *
Rulera and slave musters woro nover
known to balk at any act or crime that
might aid in carrying out their pu
pose.    The active spirits in the Labor
movement of Chicago at that time were
carrying on their nctivitios in the open,
They had nothing to conceal, nothing
that required being done in the dark,
It was necessary that something happen
that could be used as an excuse for putting these active spirits in the Labor
world out of eommission, not temporarily, but permanently. An excuse was
necessary, whereby their lives might be
mado forfeit to the vengeance of the
interests that were threatened through
their Labor on behalf of the enslaved
workers. Tho opportunity came with
the explosion of a bomb in the midst of
a squad of police on its way to a meet*
ing being held in Haymarket Square.
Some of tho police were killed. Eight
of the agitators were arreBted, and
charged with responsibility for the outrage. Without either jot or tittle of
evidence to show that they had anything whatever to do with tho dastardly
affair, or that anything they had ever
said or done had in any manner influenced the perpetrators thereof to commit the act, four of them were judicial
ly murdered by hanging, three were
given lifo sentences in the penitentiary,
the eighth victim of ruling class fury
committing suicide while awaiting trial.
Some years later, the then Governor of
Illinois (Altgeld) pardoned the threo
who had received life sentences. In the
reasons ho gave for pardoning these
mon, Qovornor Altgeld showed conclu
sivcly, that not only did none of the
men charged with the crime have anything to do with it, but that there was
indisputable evidence to show that the
bomb was actually thrown by an agent
of the police department itsolf, and for
the very evident purpose of providing
tho requiiste excuse for the permanent
judicial removal of the much-feared
agitators from the field of their dangerous activities against tho class that
rulos and robs. In other words, the excuse was thus happily provided for the
murder of those whom the ruling class
feared. And while this crime was perpetrated against the enslaved working
class for the purpose of thwarting and
nullifying its efforts to lessen the tortures perpetrated upon it by the rulers
and robbers of this vulgar age, scarce
a whimper of protest was made against
the infamy, upon the part of any particular section of the enslaved class itsolf. And such protests as did come
from any Bection of the workers, were
of too tame and feeble a character, to
be even classed as whimpers without
doing serious violence to the truth, The
United States, at that time, contained
no Labor movement worthy of the
name. The entire working class was
still composed almost exclusively of
cringing and servile tools,, well fitted by
nature and long schooling in ruling
class philosophy, religion, patriotism
and loyalty, to be shot, hung, drawn,
quartered or dungeoned, whenever the
masters required a murder festival to
dispel their lassitude oi a soothing potion to allay their biliousness.
* * *
Considerably less than thirty years
ago, a nation not altogether unknown
to fame as the abode of great riches
and that entire absence of all moral
fibre which inevitably accompanies
wealth and heralds its noxious presence
to the nostrils of what little there iB
in a slave civilization, that may be classed as decently tolerable, without rap*
ing the truth, went war-mad. War-
madness is an intoxication induced by
a fatty accumulation of wealth in the
real guts of rulers who profit by it, and
a lean accumulation of intelligence in
the imaginary mental guts of the slaves
who pay for it. At the very momont
that this war-mad 'drunk was being
taken on, there were agitators and active workers among the slaves of capitalism engaged in the laborious and
thankless task of putting enough sense
into the heads of these slaves to induce
them to make some slight effort to relieve themselves and their enslaved fellows of at least some of tho saddle galls
of slavery. And the war-madness afforded an opportunity to once more
get" some of the noisiest and perhaps more dangeroua of these apostles
of freedom, working among their fellow
Blaves for the common uplift and the
common welfare. Like all other kinds
of intoxication, war-madness expresses
itself in raucous racket, silly bluster,
impudent buffoonery, vulgar display
and maudlin verbosity. Whon wine is
wit is out. Into the midst of one
of these senseless exhibitions of artful
vulgarity and impudenco well calculated to put the sorry remnants of reason
in the head of semi-brainless persons
to flight, and thereby remove the last
obstacle in the way of their voluntary
plunge into the bath of blood prepared
for thom by tho slavery of the last hundred centuries, a bomb was thrown ond
a number of persons, innocent of everything but ignorance, were killed. As
in the days of the Haymarket affair,
the requisite excuse waa afforded for
the judicial murder of certain porsons
who had made themselves objectionnble
to the rulera and robbers, through their
activity in bringing home to the slaves
of industry tho facte of their slavery,
and tho means and measures to be taken
to alleviate their miseries. Like the
aftermath of the Haymarket explosion,
arrests were immediately made, and the
prosecution begun, of several persons,
including ono woman, who hnd been for
some time active in aiding their fellow
slaves in their eommon struggles
against their masters, over wagea and
the hours of labor. One of the arrested
men (Billings) is now serving a life
sentence in the penitentiary, and another (Thomaa J. Mooney) occupies a
death cell at San Quentin, Cnlifornin,
awaiting to "bo hung by the neck
until ho is dead," on tho 28th dny of
the eoming month of August. And
strangely like the Haymarket judicial
murder of thirty years ago not a jot or
tittle of ovidenco has yot boen offored,
that would or eould bo accepted by any
decont and honest person, to show that
oither Billings, Mooney or any other of
of the accused hnd nny moro to do with
the crime for which they hnve beon nr-
rostcd and convicted, thnn did the mar.
tyrs to ruling class ferocity and von-
goanco in Chicago in 1887 havo to do
with tho crimo for which they wero
murdered or imprisoned.
In more ways than one is there a
fatal resemblance between the Chicago
Haymarket affair of thirty years ago
and the "preparedness parade" infamy in the streets of San Francisco. In
each case a bomb was the instrument
used for the immediate work in hand.
And no instrument of murder is more
peculiarly suggestive of ruling class association than a bomb, for there is none
more cowardly and deadly. Tho wielder
of the knife, the bludgeon, the gun,
runs tho greatest of risk of being
caught in the immediate act; but even
the most pious and godly may, with
comparative safety, hurl a bomb from
any convenient dark corner and go upon
the stand and with the utmost assurance, swear that ho saw somebody else
bring it along in a suitcase. In each
case the explosion afforded an excuse to
judicially murder persons who were objectionable to the powers that be, because they wero active in the Labor
movement. In each case these persons
wore of such irreproachable character
that they could not be gotten in any
other manner than by involving them
in some criminality that would afford
legal pretext for their murder. To have
merely murdered them offhand would
not have answered the purpose of so
terrifying the remaining slaves as to
preclude the possibility of their following in the evil and dangeroua (to during class interests) pathway these pioneers had boon engaged in blazing. In
neither caso was any credible evidence
adduced to in any manner implicate the
accused in the crime of which thoy
wero chnrgod, And in the case of Billings, Mooney, Mrs. Mooney, Weinberg
and Nolan, ns in that of the Haymarket
victims of long ago, thoro is no Labor
movemont worthy of tho name, to stand
up in protest against their murder. The
supine, the servile, thc spineless working class of today is far more interested in flng flapping, war boosting, liberty
bond buying, and hurrahing for the rulers and robbers that fatten and batten
upon their vulgar sweat and become deliriously drunk with joy at the spectacle of their blood and guts spread
athwart the landscape, than they are in
standing by each other in connection
with anything that rises above the sordid and vlugar level of their dirty wage
pittance and the perpetuation of their
narrow, slave existence. While Mooney
hangs they will be slobbering with patriotic fervor over the Lloyd Georges,
the Clemenceaus, the Wilsons, the political scarecrows of the ruling class, and
fawning at the feot of the Schwabs, the
Rockefellers, the Armours, the Guggen-
heims, the vast horde of industrial pirates and bandits who so generously
give them work and so relentlessly
gouge tremendous profits out of their
hides, and for whose empire of plunder, magnificence and sordid vulgarity,
they bo patriotically, loyally and joyously go forth to fertilize thc earth
with their fool carcasses. Not a sqawk
of more terrifying tenor or threatening
volumo than the pitiful bleat of a sick
lamb has yet been heard against the deliberate attempt to murder theae members of the working claas, who aro
guilty of no other crime than that of
aiding other slaves to make an effort
to act like men. The judicial lynching
of Mooney will- evidently be allowed to
go through, unless thero should happen
to be some ruling class tool in authority
who has somehow or'Other escaped total
bankruptcy in manhood and moral fibre.
If it is necessary for a workingman
to have a steady job during this day
and age of powerful machinery and
prolific production, in order to provido
for the sustenance of himself and family, how many steady jobs must he havo
been compelled to possess and hold down
in order to keep himself and family
in those days when production was
still a hand process and machinery yet
unknownT
-July 26, 1918
STRIKE LOOMS ON
51
Tentacle of Steel Trust Ignores Orders of U. S.
Shipping Board
If the producers of farm products in
the U. S. have produced since the
breaking out of the present war sufficient food, etc., to feed themselves and
all the rest of the population of that
glorious star-spangled land, and on top
of this also produced enough to fully
ration 60,000,000 people of Europe and
afford a cereal ration for 23,000,000
moro, will some earnest, honest and
helpful reader of The Federationist
kindly inform us just what they received in payment for so doingf The information is required for publication.
Prof. Lichtenschlobel, the eminent
German authority upon tho quintessence of the higher life, a la Europo,
declares that the American people are
incapable of attaining the cultural
level of the Europeans, After reading
the disclosures made in connection with
the Pemberton Billing case in London
wo are forced to the conclusion that
tho same might truly be said of tho
people of ancient Sodom and Gomorrah.
Probably that is why they perished. At
uny rate they attainod as lofty a pinnacle in civilization as their poor
talents made possible And that is no
doubt all that Europeans will be capable of doing, nlthough they still appear to be going strong.
Now thnt the H. C. of L. has been
wiped out or at least marvelously reduced and profound harmony established between oft times rebellious Labor
and quite frequently arrogant Capital,
through the paternal ministrations of
govornment in the way of "prico-fix-
ing" and conciliation boards, it does
seem almost a pity that these simple
methods of dealing with hithorto vexatious problems were not sooner discovered and put in practice. Now that
prices have boen satisfactorily and permanently fixed and most cordial and
mutually agrceablo relations established between brothers Labor and Capital,
we shall no longer bo harassed and
vexed with strikes, boycotts and lockouts nnd tortured, grieved nnd aggravated by boing compelled to pay impossible and oxtortionate prices for the
fow trivial things wo needs must have.
We may now look confidently forward
to an extended period of quiet rest fulness, our dreams of sweet content unbroken by tho rude and raucous up*
roar of striking workmon bawling for
more wagos, or the noisy curses of embittered purchnaers sorely vexed be-
cauBe thoy have to pay through the
nose for what thoy got. The Elysium
long dreamed about is come. Tho millenium is at hand. Long live price-
fixing!    Long live conciliation!
Crawford Goes to Boston
A. J. Crawford, delgnte of Vancouver Local 280 and the Northwest District Council of Sheet Metal Workors
to tho Nineteenth Quadrennial Convention of Amalgamated Sheet Metal
Workora has left tho city to attend tho
convention. The convention opens in
Boston August 5-
British Shipping Interests Is
Taking a Liking to
Chinese Labor
There is great likolihood of a goneral
tie-up of the shipping on tho Great
Lakes on account of the arrogant actions of the heads of the Lake Carriers
Association, which is another tentacle
of the Steel Trust octopus. Tho unions
involvod are taking a strike voto, which
will go into effect Monday, July 29, unless the Carriers Association gets off its
high horse.
Tho unions affected are tho Sailors
Union of the Great Lakes, and the Marino Firemen, Oilers and Watertenders
Union of the Groat Lakes, and tho reason for tho threatened striko is because
the company refusos to abide by tho
decision of tho United States Shipping
Board, aud abolish a notorious blacklisting scheme, which the company has
in vogue undor a welfare plan. The
company waB ordered tc abolish thiB
blacklist last fall, but has ignored the
order, and also refused to attend the na.
tionnl conference called by the National
Shipping Board.
The United States government has
taken the initiative in this case, but has
failed to enforce its demands, hence the
workers have to uso that strike weapon
which the dally press continually bewails the use of. The Steel Trust owns
a string of newspapers, and the situation will be misrepresented just as real
facts in all strikes are misrepresentd.
Chinse Crews Under British Flag
The Amcricn government alao has a
law which keeps the yellow race from
flooding the lower decks in place of
white men. This law tho unions have
been able to keep in force, but our dear
old paternal British and Canadian governments go out of their way to load
down ships with Chineso crews. Shipping companies are given an entirely
free hand in this mattor, and it is becoming a serious menace to white men
who earn a livelihood around the boilers of ocean-going and coastwise shipping.
Plenty of White Men
Every ship that has been turnod out
by shipbuilding firms in Vancouver and
Victoria haB been manned by a crew of
Chinese firemen, oilers aud watertenders. Theso men recoivo wages ranging
from $25 to $40 per montb, whereas the
union scale for the same class of work
is not less than $65. There are plenty
of whito mon around to do thiB work,
yet Chineso are sent for from Hong
Kong to man vessels in English ports,
nnd Chinese are brought from English
ports to man the ships in British Columbia ports. This kind of thing is a disgrace and also a menace, yet if the men
were to go on strike to change such
conditions, the "yellow" pross would
howl out about tying up industry, and
would blabber about patriotism, while
at the same time the British raco would
be thrown on the scrap heap in order
thut a gang of profiteering shipping
lords might wax fat on the exploitation
of coolio labor.
It iB pretty nearly time that the
working claas took a tumble to its position in human society, and ignored all
orders issued by a government whoso
interests are completely tied up with
exploiters. It is also pretty near time
that the workers wero ready at all times
to strike at the drop of the hat in order
to enforce their demands. Not until
labor takes that stand will it ever get
anything that is worth having.
Telephone Operators
Telephone Operators, Local 77A, held
a social in tho Labor Templo last Friday evening after the business session.
An invitation had been extended to
members of tho Electrical Workers
Union, but only a score or so turned up.
Even thoso who attended wero somewhat bashful and the girls are at a loss
to account for it. The operators will
arrange for another at a later date
and will seo thnt tho affair iB more extensively advertised. Tbe progrnmmo
included a recitation by Miss Smith;
song by Miss Watera; danco by Mr.
Sellers; recitation by Mrs. Buchanan;
Hawaiian selection by McKny broth-
era; piano duet by the MiBses Pnrdiss;*
Highland danco by Miss Sorley and
Mrs. Dove, and step dance by Mr.
Horton.
It
A Patron at a Logging Camp writes:
"I wish to thank you very much for the splendid
diamond ring you Bent me, and to say that I could
not get more satisfactory Bervice than you have
given me."
is always our endeavor to give pleasing Bervice.
Whether the purchase is made by mail or in the store,
and whether it is for 50c or
$500, the same high standard of service Ib adhered
ta Oar patron must be
completely satisfied with
the purchase.
ntw Diamonds in Tin* Battings
OBO. E, noBBT. Um. Mr.
—SAVE TOUB HO MIT—
STABT A BANK ACCOUNT IV
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow •war yoar spare MSh In
any old eorner where It is In danger
from burg Un or firs.
The Merchants Bsnk o! Canada of-
fen yon perfect safety for vou
money, sod will give yon fall banking
Berrien, whother yonr aeooant Is Urge
or email.
Intorest allowed  on savinga deposit!.
O. N. STAOEY. Managor
OraavUlt and Fonder
W. O. JOT, Managor
Hastings ami Oarrall
Dairy Employees
Employoes of tho various dairies
throughout tho city got together last
Saturday in tho Laboi Tomplo for tho
purpose of forming a union. A good
start was" made in this direction and
orgnnized Labor can now have their
milk delivered by a union man providing they make tho demand for a show
of enrds, You uro not expected to
make this enquiry in tho middlo of the
night, but you can write out thc question and place it in the milk bottlo.
The next meeting of tho union will bo
held Friday in tho Labor Templo,
Steam and Operating Engineers
F. L. Hunt has been elected official
representative for outside pointB in
British Columbia. Ho will go into tho
field immediately to attend to the
glowing business of the locnl. Many
firms havo agreed to the local demands during the past week but the
following are Btill on tho unfair list:
B. C. Cooperage, False Croek; Dollar
Mills, Roche Point; Harrison Lake
Shingle Mill; National Biscuit Company, city; Stoltze Manufacturing
Company, city; Nanaimo Cannery; B.
C. Manufacturing Company, New West,
minster; Dominion Shingle Company,
New Westminster; Victoria Lumbor
Company, Chemninus; Ladner Lumber
Company, Ladner; Allison Mills, Greon
Point Rapids; Powell Lake Mill Company, Powell Biver; B. C. Sugar Refinery; Canada Shinglo Mills, city; Pacific Mills, Ocean Falls; Torminal Construction Company, city; Port Hammond Cedar Mills; Dominion Canners,
Front Streot; Whalen Company, Mill
Crook.
INCORPORATED 1868
Bank of Toronto
Assets  984,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Acctunt
A JOINT Savings Aeeonnt may bo
oponed at The Bank of Toronto
In tho names of two or moro
penoas. Ia theie account! either
party may sign ehoqnei or deposit
money. For tho different memben ot
a family or a Inn a Joint aeeonnt la
often a great convenience. Interest is
paid on balances.
Vaneoaver Branch:
Conor Hastings and OuiftU Stmts
Brancbet at:
Vietoria, Morrttt, Vow ~~
NOTARY PUBLIO
WHITAKER
439 Bichards Straet
BONDS
If yoa aro ooulderlng the purchase
or aale of Govornment or Municipal
bonds oommonleato with
PATRICK   DONNELLY
730 Oranvillo St. Vancouver, B. O.
TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AOO
Tndes and Labor Council.
July 28, 1898
Patronize B. C. Federation 1st udvor-
tlsers, and tell them why you do so.
Organized Labor wanted somothing
done in the matter of trying to get
the Bureau of Labor statistics and
Board of Arbitration and Conciliation
organized. Nothing had boen dono so
far in appointing commissioners or arbitrators by the Victoria government.
Death ofl Sirs. J. A. Fulton
The many friends of John A. Fulton,
former president of Typographical
Union No. 226, and ex-secretary of
Vancouver TradeB and Labor Couneil,
will regret to learn of the death of his
wife, Catherine Bell Fulton, aged 62.
The sad ov-ent occurred after a protracted illness on Sunday, July 21. The
deceased was a native of Scotland, and
came to this city some 25 years ago,
nftor residing at Winnipeg for a short
time. The funeral was held in private
on Wednesday at 3,30 p.m. from Har-
ron Bros.' funeral parlors, 2398 OranviUe Street, Fairview. Interment in
the family plot in Mountain View
cemetery.   One son and a daughter sur-
Teamsters and Chauffeurs
There is a continual application of
men for membership cards in the
Teamsters and Chauffours Union. There
is plonty of work for union men in
the city and firms employing non-union
men are finding it ever harder to get
men to fill the jobs. Happily there arc
not many of theae, so prospocts are
good for an early demand from theso
firms for card men. The new wage
scale will come beforo tho local at a
mass meeting to bo held next Wednesday in the Labor Tomple. Evory mom-
bor is requested to attend.
Dentistry!]
onns BtUfts ud niiiafs
aud* tbe sun* shads u ten oira
utani tuth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Op*s ...Dings 7:80 to 8.'SO.
Dents! none ln sttendnnee.
OOB.   OEAXVIL1B   AMD   BOMOI
SIEBBTS .'
Orsr Owl Drag Mors
Runt Be,, sass
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
JOSEPH A. CLARKE
LAW OFFICE
BBFOBTS  AND  INFORMATION
an AU Subjects and Persona
P. O. Box 627
EDMONTON. ALBERTA
Edmonton and District are due for
their Greatest Boom in History on account of:
(a) Rural prosperity—thore has nersr
been a crop failure in itB history.
(b) Tho Great OU Discoveries of Peace
River, Houso River, eto.
(o) The Industrial Development which
will follow—the installation of Natural
Gas for Fuel
OBOPS    OIL   AND    GAS.
Don't spend money for railway fare
nntil yoa are thoroughly Informed that
what you want is here.
Write for information—confidential, reliable and prompt—(inclosing* fee.
-At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores ■
The Man Who Buys an
Extra Suit Here Now
Is Making a Good Investment
The priced Suits we recommend
are—
$20, $25, $30 and $35
A wire from the East the other day said: "You are selling
olothing retail for less money than it oan be bought at wholesale for today." And this is so. We bought early, long before today's high prices, and we are giving our customers the
benefit. But when the nest lot comes in the cloths will be
poorer, and the prices much higher.
It will pay yon to buy here now.
Union Stores, Union Clerks,
Reliable Service
t
^fmWJ_t^m%_.__r^m~^^t__r /
125-127
Hastings St. W.
Also 614416 Tates St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign —
V FBIDAT.... July 26, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
-*m.t%
■'r_-,v-*»nr.7../'*V ■*"-•--■<
PAGE FIVE
Statisticians report presented at last meeting of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Conncil, showing increase in membership, new affiliations, average attendance of delegates, and number of delegates each organization is entitled to:
Number of organizations affiliated June 30, 1918, 68; afflliated membership
June 80, 1918, 10,968; gains in affiliations, six months, 10; one year, 18; gain
in membership for six months, 1902; gain in membership for one year, 5830.
No. of   Arg.. »'•
Bricklayers     97
Barbers     100
Bookbinders    21
Brewery Workers     42
Boilermakers  700
B. and T. Ironworkers    77
Blacksmiths  130
Butchers  — 233
Bakers  .   32
Cigarmakers  100
Civic Employees 200
Carpenters, Brotherhood 327
Carpenters, Amalgamated .... 201
City Polioe   N.A.
Deep Sea Fishermen    50
Electrical Workers 850
Fire Fighters 114
Firemen, Marine *• — N.A.
Firomen, Stationary N.A.
Freight Handlers 125
Garment Workers .    41
Hotel and Restaurant Emp 251
Hotaeworkers League  N.A.
I. L. A. Auxiliary 400
I. L. A 697
I. A. M., 182  100
I. A. M., 777 236
I. A. M., 720  N.A.
Letter Carriers 143
Lathers    10
Moving Picture Operators    40
Moldors    00
Musicians   182
Mill and Factory Workers N.A.
Minimum Wage League  N.A.
Oil Befinery Workers N.A.
Pressmen     43
Plumbers     76
Pattern Makers    38
Paintors    88
. Press Assistants  —   16
Pile Drivers  225
Plasterers    41
Betail Clerks     48
Bailway Mail Clerks     35
Railway Employees . N.A.
Soft Drink Dispensers    66
Street Bailway Employees 700
Sheet Metal Workers    41
Sailors   50
Shoe Makers,    27
Stage Employees -   38
Shipyard Laborers  696
Steam Engineers — 360
Shipwrights  450
Steam Shovel Dredgemen    20
TaUors     70
... 176
    16
—Members—
Jnne
Tyio Layers
Telegraphers .
Teamsters 	
Upholsterers .
 616
______      N.A.
Warehousemen NA.
105
15
35
1000
46
170
220
38
88
200
450
265
90
50
350
100
200
65
118
42
222
20
400
561
100
375
50
141
10
45
100
211
120
40
160
42
125
40
230
10
225
40
111
40
73
50
700
65
50
911
540
200
20
70
185
17
25
600
22
155
Oftln Loss
— * j'-"
5 —
— 6
— 7
800 —
— 31
40 —
—   12
Delegate, tendenee
Entitled     per
123
61
90
200
65
14
1       —
—      136
139       —
— 2
5
40
29
120 —
40 —
160 —
— 1
49 -
3 —
142 —
— 1
to
4
5
1
2
S
3
5
— 5
5       —
73       —
— 16 8
— — 7
24—8
— - 8
59-1
215
180
—       — 1
1       —
—       16
155      —
Meeting
2.25
8.50
.08
.83
3.16
.91
2.50
5
5
2
2
.50
1.75
.66
.85
1.
4.50
•.1.60
3
.70
8.75
2.66
3.75
3.58
I.!
8
.60
.75
1.58
1.25
3
2
2.77
.85
8
1
2.33
None
2.66
1.88
1.25
.16
2.22
1
4.16
1.91
.66
1.66
.68
3.16
4
8.68
None
1.68
2
.66
.58
4.41
.80
2.83
£
ATMREX
Labor Member Shows How
Politicians  Seek  to
Divide Workers
N.A. signifies new affiliation.
9066   10,968        2493    691      262      112.66
FRED. KNOWLES, Statistician.
"Problem of the Returned
Soldier Is That of the
Worker"
President Bees in his opening remarks at last Sunday's meeting at the
Bex Theatre voiced the opinion of the
growing crowd at tho Labor Party
meetings whon ho extended his thanks
to the organist for his splendid play*
ing, which is a feature of those gatherings.
The subjoct dealt with by Mr. Pettipiece was "Running Our Own Busl*
ness." Ho declared that only the peculiar conditions and frame of mind
of the poople could be held to account
for the fact that so many, could be induced on a fino summer evening to fill
such a building. The working class had
been deeply touched by the war—what
did it all moan and whore would it all
endf He referred to a representative
capitalist of our own community who
had made the statement "We people
don't know where we will be in five
years time." Thi) probability is that
this man did not realize what he was
saying nor understood the situation as
well as the laboring men who had been
studying and looking forward to just
such conditions as were now imminent.
Only Workers Had Any Business
Mr. McNeill of the Western Canada
Power   Company   had    stated   that
owing to the electrical workers strike
they could not run their own business."
This reminded him of tho attitude of
Dunsmuir on the Island a few years
ago when he declared he would olose
dewn the mines, that they wene his and
his alone and he waB determined to run
his own business.
The plain facts, however, were that
when the working class chose to quit
work these people did not seem to have
any business. They were largely superfluous and only the workers could
be said to have any business. He wished to be understood in referring to running our own business as speaking of
all those businesses which the workers
made- possible.
He was familiar with all the confliots
in this provinoe for the last twenty-five
years—conflicts between the workers
who ran the business and of those who
took the profits of the labor thus ex-
MBN ABE SIMPLY
ACHING TO STBIKE
Winnipeg Stntt Ou lien Ara Greatly
Dissatisfied With Present
Wage Schedule
WINNIPEG.—A city newspaperman
suggested to Business Agent McCutch*
eon that everyone thought the Winnipeg Railwaymen's Union was fairly
well satisfied at present. He laughed
the idea to scorn.
"The street ear men," ho said, "are
simply aching for a strike. They are
greatly dissatisfied with their own
wage schedules. Let me tell you this:
The looal maximum rate paid to conductors is 2 cents lower than the minimum recently authorized in Vanoouver."
"But Vancouver's rate Is higher
than anywhere iu the world," it was
recalled.
"That makes no difference," replied
McCutcheon. "Winnipeg street ear
men believe the oost of living here entitles them to wages muoh higher than
they are getting at present, and they
are likely to take aetion soon with a
view to obtaining recognition."
m
s
Business Agents Board
Thoro was a good attendance at the
BusinesB Agents Board held   in   the
Labor Tomplo last Monday.   Many in
teresting discussions took place that
will be to the advantage of organized
labor. The meeting time has been
changed to 10 a.m. every Monday,
The first time
I smoked a Van Loo—
I was sitting in the smoking compartment eastward bound ovor the
O. N. B.
In walked a big follow—about six-foot-four—and I soon found that
every inch of him was a "hail-fellow-well-met."
He handed mo a- cigar with "Van Loo" on the band. First one I
had every tried—and I soon found I had been missing something.
It was mild—yot had a rich soothing mellowness that provod to me
that its rich brown leaf had grown under the favoring Havana sun.
I enquired whero VAN LOO came from and the Big Fellow—Mr.
Shaw—informed me it was made in a big UNION factory employing
over 300 hands in the little town of Stetler, Alberta. And thon he
told mo a very interesting story which I '11 tell to you next week.
In the meantime try a Van Loo. I've boen smoking them over since
and, believe me, fellows, they're the best "smoke" you've tasted in a
long, long time.
Cijtars
Mak ui VAitawvER, Bt 0     sold everywhere
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
Organize tn Both Fields
Every one of these conflicts had
shown him the limitations of the trades
unions. Recognition of theae limitations had for a time in the history of
the B. C. movement led to a depreciation of the 'unions in an attempt to get
what was needed by political action
alone. Experience had shown that they
must organize both industrially and politically. They must.be in a position
not only to make the laws but to attend to their enforcement. Both of
theso powers were necessary if it was
to be humanly possible for the workora
to run their own business.
The war had so shaken the foundations of the Bystem that th-e workers,
notwithstanding all that had been
taught on the subjoct, were liable to
bo found altogether too unprepared for
the duties thoy would be shortly compelled to assume.
Charles I Safe in England
Neither of the old political parties
would care to assume the responsibility
for what was being done by the Canadian government, and thereforo they
had joined hands and called the combination by a new namo. King Charles
the First of England had lost his head
for endangering the rights of the
poople, under the law of habeas corpus,
but had he seen the prevailing conditions in this country he might fairly
have decided tbat he was illegally beheaded. Those conditions had been
mado possible only owing to the previous stupidity of the workers at the
ballot box.
They must in futuro soek to fill evory
elective office with a direct representative and the other parts of the province wero looking to Vancouver to make
a start to improve matters. Perhaps
thoy could not expect too much of Victoria, but tho results of th-e by-election
would tinglo in the ears of the poll-,
ticians for a long whilo yet. As a rule
the capital city was the last place in
any country to look for democratic
action. Politicians seemed to have tho
same effect upon a city as a smelter
had upon vegetation.
If, concluded Mr. Pettipiece, they
hnd another Ave members on tho floor
of the legislature of tho calibre of
Hawthornthwaite {who had just arrived) thoy would have mado a good
start towards running their own business,
"Jim" Bape the Lawyers
"One of tho flrst things that would
have to be dono with the workers
power, would be tho unmaking of
number of tho laws now on the statute
books," Baid Hawthornthwaite. "They
make from 60 to 150 now laws every
session and 09 per cont. of these are
in the interests of tbo ruling class. In
the prosent House we have thirteen
lawyers, and in the next it will bc a
matter for doubt as to whether they
will have a one left to mako an nftor*
noy-goneral out of."
What we noedod was administration
rather than legislation. What thc politicians wero more afraid of than anything elso was the growing understanding and unity between tho organ*
ized workers end the returning soldiers. They had their henchmen everywhere employed to create difficulties
and prevont, if possible, tho bridging of
them. Much of this waB the special
work of "paper officers" who wero
despised by tho mon who had "dono
thoir bit" but who nevertheless
sisted that these men should stand to
attontion whenever their august presence forced itself upon them, Tho workers and their wives in Victoria had
gono solidly behind Privato Giolma in
tho last by-election with tho rosult as
shown, Giolma had beon considerably
handicapped by the presence of eortain
species of militury men on his platform,
SKY PILOT IN
Men Object to Embargo on
Skilled  Labor—Strike
Likely to Spread
LONDON.—A strike of munition
workers began at Birmingham at six
o'clock Tuesday evening, the hour the
day workers finished their work and
when the night shift was to come on
duty, according to a despatch to the
Centra! News from Birmingham.
The aggregate memberships of the
twelve societies affiliated with the
joint committee of the engineering
trades unions is about 65,000, including
about 5000 women. Officials of the
joint committee say they have no
reason to doubt that all the workers
will be loyal to the resolution to stop
work.
The British war cabinet has decided
that if the munition strike continues,
the strikers of military age will be
drafted promptly into the war, according to an unofficial statement printed
in some of the newspapers.
The government remains firm in itB
refusal to withdraw the embargo
which, ostensibly Ib the cause of the
strike, although it seems that in some
instances the embargo is used as a
pretext to cover other grievances.
There is every indication of the
striko spreading over the entire country. Woolwich and one or two smaller
places have decided to remain at work
but the issuance of a general strike call
by the national executive will bring
out a great number of these men,
1000 WINNIPEG METAL
WORKERS ON STRIKE
Boyal Commission Lags in Its Findings
on Demands for Wage
Increase
WINNIPEG.—Metal trades workers
numbering 1000 men went out on
striko Tuesday morning. This will affect twenty automobile repair shops
here—tho Stewart Shell Loader Company, the Dominion Bridge Works-
Manitoba Bridge & Iron Works, Stewart Machinery Company ftnd the Western Iron Works.
The metal workers struck for higher
wages. The royal commission which
was appointed to investigate the grievances existing betwoen the omployers
t nd the employees, nnd which has been
in session for two weeks, has reached
no finding yot. The men decided not
to wait for the commission's decision,
voting unanimously to go out.
Machinists Ladles Auxiliary
The Machinists Ladies Auxiliary
takes this opportunity to remind you
of the big picnic which has been arranged for Saturday, August 3, and
which is to be held in Mahon Park.
This picnic is going to be one of the
biggest held in the park this season
and it is hoped that evory machinist in
tho city will not only attend but will
bring along one or more of ' thoir
friends. The ladies are doing everything to make thc thing a big and enjoyable affair and if you fail to attend
you will be going around with the
blues for tho rest of the week after
having heard of tho big event, An invitation has been extended to all out
side lodges and these will in all probability be on hand in full force.
Blacksmiths
Two now members wero initiated and
a number of applications received,
Much interest is being taken in the
big Bmokor to be held in the Dominion
Hall (Lesson Hnll) Saturday ovoning,
July 27. A good programme hns boon
arrangod and thero will be a plentiful
supply of coffee, light refreshments and
smokes on hand, A big contingent of
blacksmiths and helpers is expected to
bo on hand fr»m Victoria and New
Westminster. Tbe District Council
will mcot in the afternoon.
who oven there had tried to inject an
anti-Labor sentiment. This, howover,
hail been recognized and thoir efforts
overcome,:
Mr, Hawthornthwnite then wont on
to doal with the practical methods of
facing thc returned soldier problom ami
charged that nothing of any real merit
had as yet been oven proposed serious
ly by the oxisting governments. With
thc splendid resources of this province
and the possibilities open to a responsi
bio government aliv-c to its duties to
tho poople instead of to only one clnss,
this province could be mnde a world
example. Through cowardice and lack
of roason tho government was drifting
towards a crisis which could be calculated to end as other such crises had
in the past. People in tho futuro would
not starve patiently. By intelligent and
peaceful stops in the right direction
somothing could lie done even now,
Governmont possession of the fisheries,
mills, mines and forests, with intelli*
gent co-operative administration of
their development and operation would
ensuro tho feeding, clothing nnd shel*
tering of the peoplo as novor beforo.
Annojiicomont was mado that next
Sunday's speaker would be E. T.
Kingsley, when a bumper house is expected, Julian Haywood will provide
tho organ recital as usual at 7.30,
Would Calm the Storm and
Put Kibosh Complete
UponECofL
Merely a Matter of Price
Fixing by Edict of
Government
"To run with the hare and hold
with the hounds is a manifestly impracticable stunt, on the face of it.
Tet it ia Btill affected by politicians
and preachers, two classes now ao much
alike that it is somewhat difficult to
draw the line between them.
On Sixth Avenue, just west of Granville Street, is a small Methodist
Church with a small Methodist congregation. It is advertised as "The Community Chureh," and its pastor, Bev.
W. E. Dunham, has declared his Intention of drawing attention to "community interests"—this being, in his
view, "the evangel fer the hour."
On Sunday evening last, he was announced to speak on "Tho Wage Question;" but if thc announcement was
intended to draw an audience of working men, it failed of its purpose, very
few men of any sort being present. The
situation was very similar when, some
weeks ago, he proposed to deal with
the shipbuilding strike, then in progress. It almost seems as if the workers know instinctively where to look
for enlightenment, and where not.
On the present occasion, the preacher
referred to the familiar H. a of L.,
and was good enough to concede that
the working-man was "compelled by
very extenuating circumstances to ask
for more." At the same time the reverend gentleman was very sympathetic
toward the harassed employer, who had
contracts to All and had figured out his
costs—and his margin of proflt—on the
"status quo ante." But most keenly of
all was he conscious of the hard lot of
the "man in the street" who had to
foot the bill, and whose attitude was
expressed1 in "A plague on both your
houses." His heart-wrung cry was,
"Where are we going to obtain any
relief?" '
Well, first and foremost, strikes were
to bo made "impossible." Of course,
low wages and high prices were also
to be made impossible. It was all to
be done by "governmental regulation
and standardization." Then, and then
only, should we all be able to figure out
how we were going to live. A "maximum price" for everything was to do
the trick and a "maximum wage" was
to be an essential feature of the arrangement. The government must say
to the wageeraner—"The commodity
that you have to setl must only command such a price;" and it would be
criminal on the part of the worker to
demand moro. Doctors and dentists,
dnirymen, and, presumably, directors,
all were to havo their "price" set by
the govornment—good or bad, big or
little, dark or fair. Simplicity itsolf!
like a railway company's freight
schedule, magnified ad infinitum.
Unfortunately, the preacher seomed
disposed to allow a loop-hole or two;
that always happens in theso governmental arrangemonts. For instance, he
would allow a man to sell his "commodity" for less than the fixed maximum
if ho thought fit, though not for more.
And so thero would be nothing, after
all, to prevent a small merchant, financially embarrassed, from being beaten
down in the price of the wares he was
compelled to sell; and, accordingly,
there would be nothing to prevent the
luckless wage-slave from selling himself in the market for what he could
get. The preacher seemed to feel that
tbe scheme wouldn't work, after all.
Ho lamented that there was no government under heaven, nor any other organization, that could do away with
greed and selfishness, There were
''parasites of all kinds for all kinds
of work"—parasites in hiB own profession, in the labor unions, and even
in thc capitalist class! Just think of
thnt.
In thc preamble to his talk, Mr, Dunham intimated that his determination
to deal with "current events" wns
in spite of the objections of members
of his flock, who said, "We don't want
to hear about the wnr, or economic
strife. Give us tho gospel." On tho
whole, perhaps, he had better yield
to their ontreaties, and give them what
they want. Bdt if he is determined to
break into the field of economics, ho
might do well to tnko a Sunday evening off and drop in at the Hex or the
Empress, und so get started right.
Otherwise, ho will bo giving his (lock
neither what they want nor what thoy
need, and then (horror of horrors) he
might even bc, himself, a "parasite."
As to the parnsites in tho trade unions,
the reverend gentleman should know-
that that is not the propor nnme for
them now. Fancy calling Sammy Gompers a parasite! No, sir; thoy are
"patriots" now.
And wherever, Mr. Dunham, did you
get tho idea that thero wero parasites
"among tho capitalist class?" Did you
ever follow the noblo sport nlludod to
in the opening words of this article?
Did you ever "follow tbe hounds"?
Well, and what was the stake for
which those relontless harriers and that
luckless, panting hare competed? Was
it something apart from both? No, sir,
it wns that luckless creature's hi die.
And in the economic field, it's just tho
snme. There is no prize for your capitalist friend—except the worker's hide.
And who is your "man in the street,"
who suffers so much from economic
strife? Is he a worker? Then he will
staunchly bear his trials, knowing
that they are pnrt of tho atrugglc into
which he and his fellows are forced,
in ordor to liv-c. Is he, on the other
hand, of the parasite class? Then
whnt right has ho to your sympathy—
unless you arc one with him? Thero
are only these two classes, Mr. Duo-
ham.    To which do you belong?
Notice to Engineers
Jack Wintorbottom, n member of Lo-
cat 1120 Steam and Operating Engineers,
mot his death while on construction
work near Princeton. It is anticipated
thnt thc body will arrive in time to
have the funeral on Saturday afternoon
from the undertaking establishment of
Njiiii, Thompson and Clogg on Homer
Street. All engineers are requested to
attend.
LETTER CARRIERS'
STRIKE
may produce benefits not con*
templated beeause many men
will have temporary leisure
that will enable them to visit
our store and study the many
merits of
Ford
Suits
They will then understand
low and why our store is rapidly becoming the centre for
the worker—the man requiring good goods at a priee he
ean afford to pay.
It may not be polite alwayi
to express one's opinion*; but
—as a Union house—our sympathies are, naturally, with
tho workers, although tho
strike has seriously dleorgan-
Ued our Mail Department and
lost ns quite a few orders.
UNION tuns
of higher, grade
938, 940, 945, 950
Hastings
St. West
VICTORIA OmO EMPLOYNES
OAIN AU DEMANDS
Findings of Conciliation Board Unaoi-
mon*—Oity Comes in for
Soma Oriticiam
Civic Employees of Victoria, who
hare had their case gone into by a
Board of Conciliation, hare won all
their demands. The board consisted of
Mr, E. Burns, Vancourer, chairman;
Mr. Taylor, of Victoria, representing
the city, and Mr. J. Dakers, preaident
of the Capital City Metal Trades Council, representing the mea
The findings of tbe board were unanimous. Amongst witnesses who appeared
and gave evidence is faror of the
men's demands were Alex, Stewart, ex.
mayor of the city, and many other prominent men, who hare been oonnected
with the affairs of the eity.
The council catne in for some criticism for the way in which they had
treated their employeea, and the board,
in their report, expressed the opinion
that the eity hall was undermanned.
The Civic Employeea Union of Victoria includes all the clerical staff, as
well as the outside staff, and is chartered by the Tradea and Labor Congreaa of
Canada.
Fifty new members ware admitted
at a well attended meeting of tk* Boilermakers. J. A. Moore left Thursday
for San Francisco to attend tha Facile Coast District Council to take
pert in the conference on the new wage
scale.
LOOK FOB THIS LABEL WHIN P0BOHASINO OIOABS
Wi'ErU/oatKclsjrMMwt lm<	
Union-made Cigars. . „
!MfeCWiK-MM*Mto*->'.*"->lM--^.*«'i***™-B
KU*U*iq*.*ni.k*l*MW*«t«-,UHuH*nMM«M..I..
s-fc^„«««lll*U«il«llllC1<«mil*«Iliw5»ri!ilw«i
itimt)_^A'__SWmAmf,alm.
f.WUiMUt. !■»**.
' c.M/tr./A
JM-iia-ai M«rwM-M.|-i"w-«fni-v
OABABAKA, LA FRBFEBBNOIA, NOBLEMEN AND
BLUNTS DO NOT CABBY IBIS LABEL
FBOKOTBB
Cured Fish
Kippered Herring 3 lbs. for 25c
Smoked Black Cod (Sable Fish), per lb  15c
Kippered Salmon, per lb.  .20c
Bloaters, per Ib. 5c
Fancy Scotch Cured Salt Herring. ..3 fish for 5c
WE EXPECT TO HAVE ARRIVALS OF FRESH
PILCHARDS IN TUESDAYS and THURSDAYS.
5c per lb.; 6 lbs. for 25c
VANCOUVER CITY
RETAIL FISH MARKET
FOOT GORE AVENUE
BagUWeiM
Smax Bread
EVERT TASTE A SMACK
"SMAX"~an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
UNION MADE
THE WOMEN'S
Cakes and Pastry
ARE WHOLESOME, NUTRITIOUS AND
UNION MADE
PHONE FAIRMONT 3000 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY. ...July 26, 1918
WHAT SUBSTITUTES
DO YOU USE?
SUBSTANTIALLY the same question as the above
is being answered in some form in many patriotic homes today. Since the housewife usually does
the ordering and the buying, it is on her shoulders
that the responsibility falls in the matter of utilizing
good, wholesome "substitutes" in the family baking.
The MANY PRACTICAL WOMEN who EMPLOY
W-H-I-T-E C-O-R-N F-L-O-U-R
R-Y-E F-L-O-U-R
R-O-L-L-E-D O-A-T-S
O-A-T-M-E-AL
—OR—
Y-E-L-L-O-W C-O-R-N-M-E-A-L
are obtaining most pleasing results. They are all choice, reliable cereals, possessing thc highest qualities of nutrition, and
jvill render most'valuable service in lengthening the life of
your wheat flour.
ASK FOR THEM AT TOUB OROCERS
Royal Standard Mills
(Millers of the famous "Boyal Standard Flour")
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We Deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
DURING HOLIDAYS, TAKE THE CHILDREN TO
HORSESHOE BAY
which is reached toy the North Vancouver ronte of the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
THIS BEAUTY SPOT IS AN IDEAL PLAYGROUND
Free swings and picnic tables installed in a shady park. Safe beach
for paddling or bathing.
The train ride through thirteen miles of beautiful scenery, in airy
and comfortable conches, combin-cd with the North Vancouver ferry trip,
appeals especially to the youngsters.
Refreshments and accommodation obtainable at two hotels.
Additional train leaves North Vancouver on Wednesdays nnd Saturdays at 2:22 p.m.
Return Fare, Adults 50ti.  Children from 6 to 12, 30^.
Time Tables mailed on application to Passenger Dept.
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
401 WELTON BLOOK SEYMOUR 9517
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
MR. UNION MAN!
Ton owe tt te yourself to eeoaoBlae
Wonld roi. consider it economical to
purchase Test and Coffees In tins
wben -/on may have tbe ssme value
from our store at a  much   reduced
J"10"' .1 _ .-_<*.
THINK IT OVER
Ws Sou In Butt Only
Dickson's Teas and Coffees Are of
Exceptions! Value
Dickson's Importing
Tea and Coffee
317 Columbia St. Phone Sey. 613
—THE—
TROGADERO
- CAFE -
under new management
166 Haatinga Street Weat
Pbone Sey. 035
THE BEST PLACE TO EAT IB
VANOOUVEB-UNION OARD
LETTERS TO
ED
An Open Letter to the Mayor
of Vancouver
Dear Sir: In a letter from my wife,
which I received recently, she says her
rent has been raised again. That makes
it twice in the last nine monthB.
Now, it looks, after all, aB if soldier _
wives are not going to benefit very
much by the government increase of
separation allowances.
Ab a clasB, we have no representatives looking after the welfare of our
dependents in Vancouver, or to see that
they get a square deal during our absence.
So I think it iB up to you, as head of
civic affairs, to see that their path of
existence is made aB smooth as possible.
Ab a "starter," you might enquire
into the rent question thoroughly, and
immediately settle it satisfactorily to
soldiers' wives there, and also to their
husbands over here.
Hoping to hear you have done your
bit by taking thia question up, and will
see it through, I remain, yours truly,
PTE. E. W. CAHIIX,
54th Canadian Batt.
c. e. r.
France.
Note by Editor—The matter in question seems to be one for the Dominion
government, and if the dependents' allowance is insufficient, then it should be
raised. But as thc soldiers cannot go
on strike, they stand littlo show, unless
someone takes up their cubo. The mayor
or any other individual will have the
support of organized Labor in any effort to better the conditions of the soldiers or their dependents.
Sex and Other Problems
******
******
******
******
That Arise in Company Towns
We were Bitting together on a voran-fwise be willing to go and live thero,
Canada in .Revolt
To the Editor B. C. FederationiBt:
It might be argued that a trip from
the Atlantic to the Pacific does not
necessarily give ono a consensus of
opinion of tho feelingB or viewpoints of
the inhabitants of that territory, but
yet again, if one is a Btudcnt of a true
working class philosophy, one may
take note of obvious facts that tho
average layman would overlook.
After a night's rcposo at the Exhibition Camp in Toronto I arose nt sunup
to witness a tragedy. It is not inspiring to sec the life's blood of a fellow
worker ebbing away, especially when
tho instrument used to end one's
troubles is a military razor. So one
docs not argue that all our fellow workers in uniform will cut thoir throats,
but offer this just as an illustration of
the feelings of one individual who went
to extremes, bat with the boys that
have been "shanghicd" the feeling is
one of "watchful waiting" and not
"tragic departure," hence this shows
how an individual opinion may lead
one to act. But a fellow worker will
flnd it no solution of his problems, to
cut his throat, and whilst I harp on this
point, I do so in all respect to thc feelings of that fellow worker and his relatives.
If there is nny thront-cutting to be
done, it is for the workers to cut tho
"political" throats of onr parasites ut
Ottawa and in our provincial legislatures, and when I Bay that Canada is
ready for "political revolt" I mean
it in overy sense of the term. Events
as they unfold show thc workers using
their "economic force" to ridicule tho
mandates from Ottawa, and after all,
"Why should not tho workers laugh at
Ottawa? They nre not entitled to thnt
which thoy claim to bo, viz., representatives of the people." They were
elected by a partial enfranchised group
of voters, which leaves the rest of our
women folk "with no Bny In Dominion
raatterB. Wo havo in Ottawa a group
of politieal pirates, and tho penalty
for piracy is death. Let it bo a political death, to Bhow that wo cnn be moro
merciful than themselves.
From Vancouver to the Atlantic
never have I -*een things so healthful—
from a worker's viewpoint.
After all, the war veterans are work-
ers, so when I say that the workers
are in revolt and will control Canada
in tho near future, I include a vaBt
group of men who have lenrned the
art of acquiring what one desires, by
force of arms, if necessary; bat not desirable, it is puroly up to the powers
that be to take note of the writing on
tho wall. They cnn ignore it if they
dare.
Owing to tho instructions of n mns-
tor class, to their obedient servant, the
censor, I shnll not be able to continue
my communications to the Labor press
of Canada. But I am going to make
plain to the workers of Grent Britain
dah of, the principnl boarding house of
one of the largest power companies of
the Pacific coast. Total strangers to
each other until we happened to meet;
on that verandah, we talked casually
about the general affairs of the locality
while we enjoyed the cool air of the fino
sumtaer evening after the labor's of
the day.
The place was an industrial townsite,
situated "up the coaBt," a good number of miles north of Vancouvor, B. C.
Its buildings stood on the slope of a
hill facing the sea. Near the base of
the hill were thc wharves and big
works of the company. Abovo them,
about half-way up the hill, were various shops, stores and offices of divers
sorts, together with the boarding house,
whero this stranger and I were staying
at the time. Farther up tho hill was a
residential area containing a number
of well-built, neatly painted frame cottages and bungalows, each in its own
garden, which housed most of the married and long-service people in the company's employ.
The verandah where wo sat gave ub
a full view of this residential area of
marriod folk, and my companion discussed his chances of becoming a member
of that community.
He said ho had a wifo and family,
and a house full of furniture at Vancouver, and ho hail como to the placo
alone for a few days to seo whother it
would be good for him to fetch his
family and make his home thero.
"The company wants married people
here," he said; "but if I wero to bring
my wifo and family nnd furniture from
Vancouver, I don't see how I could get
away again if tho plnce didn't suit us.''
As we discussed the matter, I saw
that he was up against a difficult proposition.
The steamboat fares for a family
from Vancouver to the company's townL
site, "up tho coast" offered no serious
difficulty. Thc trouble began when n
man tried to transport his domestic fur-
nifcuro along with the family.
The steamboat freight charges on a
house full of furniture would be a serious expense to uny ordinary working
man. If tho man took his furniture to
thc company's townsite, he might find,
after a few weeks or months residence,
thot the place did not suit him, and ho
might wish to go away again. Ho could
not well afford to pay thc return
charges on his furniture, and the only
alternative would bc to sell his domestic goods locally, perhaps at a ruinous
sacrifice. Either way, ho stood to loso
a considerable amount of money,
Naturally, my companion was very
loth to risk his home on such a speculation. He said to me: "If I got in
here with my family and furniture, I
don't sec how I can get out again if
the place doesn't suit us."
I havo mentioned this case bocause.it
is not a peculiar ono. The conditions
that prevented this individual from taking his wife and family to that industrial townsite tend to exclude many
other married people who might other-
Not How Cheap
JAS.TH0MS0N&S0NS Limited
VANCOUVER B.C.
1WIIL     Bim
UNION
MADE
—But How
Good
THAT'S the watchword
in the TWIN BUTE
overall factory and
that's the reason for the
ever increasing popularity of these best-of-all
work garments.
IN fit and in finish, the superlative excellence of the cloth, the
thread, the buttons, and becauseof the high-skilled workmanship, TWIN BUTE overalls and shirts have become the standard
of excellence. And you will be pleasantly surprised when you
come to ask the price of a TWIN BUTE. Their long lasting
qualities will convince you that they are the garments you should
always order.
You could pay more
but hardly get more
JAS. THOMSON & SONS, LTD.
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
that the workers of Canada arc ready
for political revolt. And I know I have
the loyal support of the workers, and
that I hold their confidence by virtuo
of telling the truth, and nothing but
the truth, whicli is tho greatest crime
under the rule of a 20th century capitalist class.
Yours in political revolt,
PTE. S. H. COOKE, C. E. P.,
En Route to England.
T^Jie Postman
Editor B. C. Federationist: Will Ottawn go so far ns to attempt to man tho
post offico with strike-breokerst
Docs Ottawa realize that the people
arc against the government, and sympathize with tho menJ
Does the government reulize that a
few days more of this attitude of Btub-
bornness, as exhibited by the remnant
of tho cabinet left in this country will
devolop into a people's revolution?
Does tho government realize that it
has at last gone too far, and that the
people of Canada are not yet ready to
be ruled by an ignorant autocrncy?
Doos the government realize thnt thc
striko of public servants is the beginning of the end of a government who
placed themselves in power by a corrupt War-time Election Act; a government that had thero been an honest
election, would havo never been in
power? A government that denies the
subject the right of free speech, or
free criticism of its actions; n government that protects the rich, nnd enslave
the masses; a government that spends
its ume in chasing rainbows in the Old
Country.
A government that does not understand thc wost, nnd out of touch with
the spirit of the west. Does this government realize that tho attempt to use
strike-breakers it is going to precipitate
a general laying down of tools?
Perhaps wc should welcome this attitude, ns it will bring on another election, and the government returned to
power will represent tho poople, it will
he neither Liberal, Conservative or
Union—but will bo a war-time government, mado up of men who know something of thc needs of tho people at home,
and the men at the front.
A govornment that will in some men-
sure ut lenst represent the real workers,
and will ignore the parasites of society,
thoso who produce nothing thomBelvoB,
but live on the hard earnings of others
by manipulating food supplies, raising
rents, controlling tho money values in
tho shape of credits, etc., etc. These
are likened to the men who live off the
proceeds of immoral women; they "toil
not, neither do they spin." They cry,
give, give, give, but the worm has turn-
ed; labor has hnd its sight restored, and
Labor will be a potent factor in the
government of Canada, as soon as they
have an opportunity to cast nnother
vote.
Tho Federated Labor Party is an assured fact. It invites men and women
to ■join its rnnks, irrespective of what
their position in life, so long as tbey
sjbscribo to tho principlo of justico,
liberty nnd frnternity; so long as they
realizo that the worker is entitled to
thc full fruits nf his labor.
This is the lesson to bo taught by
this strike of tho postmen, whose burdens have become unbearable; who
have been living upon starvation wageB
While thc Flavelles, Rowells, Whites,
have been piling up untold wealth at
their expense. Thc shackles will soon
be thrown off, as the nations of tho
world will throw off the shackles of the
Germnns; so will the peoplo of the nations throw off tho BhncklcB of capitalism.
LOUIS DENISON TAYLOR.
This matter is of public interest, because the company to which I have referred owns a great water power, which
it has acquired from the government.
It has also obtained'extensive timber
limits. These things the company iB
developing to such a degree that the
etnerprise is proving very lucrative to
thc capitalists who are exploiting those
natural opportunities. But the question
arises: Are the common people of this
province being benefited to a fair extent by thc profits that are being made?
The hundreds of men whom the company employs may be divided broadly
into two classes, namely:
(1) The married folk, who live in
the cottages and bungalows of the residential area aforesaid, and
(2) The bachelors and grass widowers who reside in the building which, in
the slang of tho Pacific Coast, is termed
the company's buck boarding house.
What is a buck boarding house?
It is a residence devoted entirely to
males or '' bucks'' of the human species,
namely, the bachelors and grass widow*
erB aforesaid.
Is the buck boarding house a cheerful
place of residence? Is it a happy homo?
Personally, I do not think it is.
I make no complaint against the
food. As far as my experience went,
the table faro provided thero was good.
Some men grumbled occasionally about
tho drinkables—perhaps they wanted
something With moro "kick" in it—
but tho entnbles were plentiful and of
good quality and variety. Fish of various sorts, beef, mutton, pork, bacon,
eggs, mush, corn flakes, beans, peas,
vegetables, fruit, pics, puddings, hot
cakes, syrup, breads butter, cheese-
plenty of such food was served at meal
times and in the cooking I found nothing seriously to complain of.
Besides this, there wore baths and
lavatories with hot and cold water on
every floor of tho dormitories, and
thoBe were much appreciated by those
who knew the value of bodily cleanliness.
But "man does not live by grub
alone." He needs something more if he
is to be a happy and useful member of
society.
Evon decent food with baths and lavatories and fairly good sleeping accommodation do not always suffice for
the ordinary needs of mankind.
Thc boarding house wns for mon only.
It afforded no nccommodation for a
workman's wife and children, and tins
was the cause of much unrest and discontent.
I have already shown that a married
man with a family and a house full of
furniture at Vancouver or elsewhere,
might not like to risk the breaking up
of his home by taking all his belongings
to such a place, because ho might be
practically ruined if ho tried to leave
the place after he had landed there
with his goods and chattels.
On tho other hand, tho only alternative offered him is to lodge as a grass
widower at the company's boarding
house, while his wife aud children arc
living far away.
Is that a cheerful existence for an or
dinnry married man? Is it calculated
to tempt him to go and live there?
Let us suppose that a man put his
furniture into storago at Vancouver and
then went with only his wife and chil
dren to the company's townsite to get
work.
What would be the result? Tho com
pnny says in effect: "Wo nro willing
to accommodate this workman in our
boarding house. But his wife and chil
dren must go back to Vancouver. We
cannot accommodate them, unless they
come with a house full of furniture to
ve in one of our separate houses.
Is it right for husband and wife to
be separated in that fashion? Such a
system tends to drive married people
away from the pluce.
When I was there, tho residents of
the boarding house were the usual clnss
of men thnt one finds in such establishments. They were no hotter and no
worse.
Thoir labors during tho day wero
sufficiently nrduouB to prevent any desire for fiold sports in thc evenings,
Tho men needed relaxation of a restful
sort, nnd mostly they sat around nnd
smoked or went for a stroll down thc
hill to the wharf,to see the nijjht boat
come in, and to get thc papers from
Vancouver. Yot with it all, I found
nmong them a spirit something like
that of wild birds in a cage, or horses
in a corral. Numbers of them scorned
uneasy, dissntisficd nnd discontented,
without knowing exnetly whut was
wrong with them.
In former times, when liquor was
sold, the men who wished to do so went
to the company's hotel andjiad drinks
together. That at lenst gnvo' them some
cWitemcnt to relieve tho montony. But
pi ohibition has put a stop to such con
viviality.
In camps where gambling is allowed,
some hnbitues of the place derive diver-
sion from their attempts to plunder one
anothor by means of various games of
cards. But thc boarding houso mannger,
acting no doubt under orders from his
superiors, was the resolute foe of such
prncticcB and he threatened to evict
any one who disturbed the placo by in*
dulging in them.
In mentioning theso matters, I am
not advocating cithor drinking or gambling. I am only trying to show that
the men are deprived, of certain means
of excitement which formerly relieved
the monotony of their lives.
No booze, no amusement and no wives
and children. No domestic pleasures
were available. Thero waB not evon a
gramophone in the place. Often, in a
camp of men, one hears tho raucous
strains of a musical machino grinding
out the latest popular ditty. But even
that amount of diversion was absent.
Whnt could men do in such conditions? For the moBt part they stuck
around and jawed about the work while
calculating how long it would be before they would make a stake big
enough to allow them to take the boat
back to Vancouver.
Yet the Company asks—"Why don't
thc men stay with us? Why do bo
many of them want to quit?"
Personally, I should not care to live
for any great length of timo in such
wearisome, depressing conditions.
A man is not a horse. He iB a human
being. Yet the lives of the mon thore
were similar to thoso of horses. A
horso does his work and then goes to
the stable, eats his hay and oats and
goes to sleep. Such is what the men
did. Thoy worked and they ate and
slept. They had no domestic pleasures
of wives and children and circles of
friends to relieve th-e deadly monotony
of thoir evenings. Consequently, many
(Continued on page 8)
Full Selection of Union-made Overalls
"GREAT WEST" UNION-MADE OVERALL, J2.25—Made full weight
blue Steifel cloth with white stripe. This overall has eight strong pockets, and in every detail that can be made to count for efficiency it is
first class   J2.2B
"NORTHERN" UNION-MADE OVERALI^-Blue Steifel cloth, white
stripe.  A substantial garment at a moderate price.;  $1.75
"NORTHERN" UNION-MADE OVERALL-In plain blue denim]'gold
back. This is a well known, thne-tested and thoroughly reliable overall .
OVERALI^-Black denim .
J1.75
. $1.75
DARK KHAKI 10-OZ. DUCK OVERALL PANT—Union-made, double
front and scat _  $1,75
BOILERMAKERS' SUITS—Carhartt's heavy khaki and black drill $1
CARPENTERS' APRONS-"Twin Bute," union-made, with nail pockets, hammer sling, etc   $125
OABPENTERS' OVERALL—8-oz. duck, with double'kne7and'full c0'm.
plctaent of nail pockets, etc.   "Buck" brand $2.60
Working Trousers
Strong tweeds in all kinds of grey and brown stripes and
mixtures*. This is the largest and best stock in town, replete
with all sizes.    Prices $2.75, $3.00, $3.60 and $4.60
Come to Spencer's for Work Shirts
We have the variety, we have thc low prices, too, because
practically our entire range of prices is based on the prices paid
for the garments when we bought them, in most instances a
year or more ago.
The assortment nt $1.00 includcshoavy double warp chambrays in light
J>luo, dark bluo, khaki and grey.
Tho assortment at $1.26 includes blue and whito and blaok and white
drills, khaki drills, Peabody's fast blue, grey denims, etc.
Tho assortment at H.60 includesdrills, double warp chambrays of the
heaviest and most durable quality, tailored to givo complete satisfaction
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
If joa haven't Joined the Federated Labor
Party, get In touch with Seeretary Trotter,
Room 206, Labor Temple, or any of the vice-
presidents throughout the province, ***
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Laber Temple
VANCOUVER. B.  0.
-—Headquarter! for Labor Men—
Ratei—76e and $1.00 per day.
92.50 per week and ap.
Oaf* at Buaonafeia Bataa
WIRING CONTRACTORS
Expert Repairs
Motors, Lights, Bells, Telephones
The Jarvis Electrio Co,, Ltd,
670 Bichards Street
TOTJ'BB    THB    JDDOBI
ot tbe statement that oar Office Supplies
sad Stationers' Bnndrles stock Is tke beet
ln B. 0. Come ln snd look as over I
117 VIEW ST.
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boats, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
and
Piano Moving
Phoae u day or night
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
KT. «(«
Union Station
COAL
Mined on Pacific Coast
WOOD
McNeill, Welch &
Wilson, Ltd.
Toll. 8800
1629 Main Ststet
CENTER & HANNA, Ui
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBT
One Block west of Court Bouse
Use of Modern Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to aU
Patrons.
Telephone Seymour 84S.5
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a rise Cream, Xathet
ind Dom Net Drjr on the Faot
DBMAHD
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured In Britlah OotamMa
VANCOUVER UNIONS
ant   and   third   Thursdays.     Eiecutive
l"# 'i",'iimt' °*.J* *s**Ni***pwsSS5
v  h' W,!  M«"*"7 «nd badness stent,
geant-at-enni, J. F. Poo e; truetoea: i   H
MeVoty, W. B. Trotter, A* ;™„i,ri f.
. nopYw.
ALLIED  PBINTINO TBADES  COUNCIL—
*JS,'°a ,M__Monday la lk« month. P™i*
ttfe'Sftt """""'•E* H- **•
JOUBNEYMEN  BABBEBS'  INTFumi
Si w»"d and fourth Trada**-. ti *,
Jt'&1*' Lfm TemJ>'e* "reside"!
BnOT5i9.OD10i' C.yiPENTlI£"I55AL
Preeldent, B. W. Hide,, tfonY "ir OtWhi
w i* '   ml  "•   Campbell:    buiineu    uant
BBOTHEBHOOD   OP   BOILEB   MAKERS
and Iron Skip Builders aid HilieM ol
every Monday, 8 p.m.   Resident  Miv?
went   5PnP5f""\ i16,1 How<> 8'*. Sulasss
SEupie. 0,ra"<"-">. «*i»ml 313, Ubor
T„af^,AMTA,JRAOT EMPLOYEES
Wednesday to the moiith •*. 8.80 pm Prool*
Si wnS.S<""l,i 1mtt1 "d b-fflV.
X   'Ph   M,0c*",n5L*i R°°m 20» L»bor Tem*
gan.ffn loVS oflM ~~>" '»
INTERNATIONAL ONION OP STEAM AND
Opsratin, Engineers, Looal No. 62™
Meets every Monday, 7.80 p.m„ Labor
Templo ..President, J. B. Flynn, 810 UoodS
TtLVL?"* w**»"»-"»ter; Tlee*pr..ldent, D*
f°^ML"««»ar]--tresitirer snd buitneu
KISS. »i ■"j*"""''*-*, Boom S16, Labor
lempio.    Phono Sey. 7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERsTlOCALNO. 318
„—-"••'• In Room 20!, Ubor Temple,
every  Monday,   8 p.m.    Preildent,  D.  W
USEES"' A,MJ™r1 """"* ""rttaf
5™;f,.7*    J°.■,,, ""dock,    Ubor Templel
Morrlion, Boon, 307 ubor Tempft.
IKATI?MAf- l-ONOSHOBEMEN'B AS-
t__^iS2k°— 'K1Xfiaee and ta.lt. 804
lender  etreet  weet.     Meeti   every   Friday,
_________ssr '-y-yi
'* (M.rti" w0A.!- 88*62* AUXILIABY—
I Marine Warohonaemen and Prelabt
__"S\ u'_ *_■'>«>■ "2 Cordova E.'.t
Meets Ilrst and third Wodnceday, 8 p.m.
becretary and bnsiness agent, E. Winch.
A«J£?A1'iATlD   MKAT   00TTER8   AND
«rS in"/ %'■im5^., P"-101-*No* eta-Meet.
l2L * "W -ressdey, ol eaeb montk,
Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, B. W
Lane; reoordlm seeretary, E. Loltlni: flnsn*
deraon, 587 Homer street.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAOOE OP NORTH
K-rSr * (Vancouver and vicinity)— 1
S2Sr*»Sf*tov •;ooni«il 'oorlh Mondays,
iwLj04'-*. L,^°r. TemP|e* President, j!
«*?Jn.f.ih' ^'i'"1 Av!*'l Oplllniwood East;
nnanelil secretary and bus nets asent. H. 8
Nlghtscales, 270-56th Ave East, South Van'
f.°n,rri*>!e,c°5",ni1 '""tary.   E.   Weslmore-
K* i%*.7lPo"" """ """'•  Phono a**"
n-Tif *.. ' .t* "i. -V -V- UD'on S»A. Ser os
L^™'.8 -!*• £** ,*■"•• *tt *tUfe ol tho
bX}.' Ltil" Ft0**-' • P"1* President, J.
Sully; flnanolal seeretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretory
W. Hardy.    Offloe,    Boom ai«*5s0,    Labor
STBEET AND ELEOTBIC RAILWAY EM*
1 ? •"'iS,,• p onoor Division. No. 101—Meets
Labor Temple," second and lourtk Wednesdays at 8 p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell;
roasuror, t. 8. Cleveland; recording seoro*
iK, ,Ah,\- MUW'J »■>■» Trinity street,
Phone High. 168R; flnanclal aeeretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, MOO Clark
"."Tg*-."'1-'*' "omor Prior and Main streets.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND CHADP-
If nre Union, Local No. 856—Meets overy
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. Pre.idon?
fi. iifflW1 -"'lasai agont, J. P. Poole,
m».T.i!ih **'*■ E*""* Ph0**° Pair. 210'X*
pSi™  o. •'"'"'■■••■•••*    Bo"   Showier,    1120
Homer st *' B679, ce' 68T
TYPOORAPHIOAL ONION, No. 286-Me.ta
■M.!t r° K "'•.H!*' mi">th «' • P*m* Prosldent, B. Marshall; vlcepreeident, W. H.
Box fle' """"''"'""rer, B. H. Neelands,
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOR—Meets la
annual convention in January. Esecutlva
offlcors, 1918*19; President, Duncan MeCal-
, ! L;!""' Tomplo, Vaneouvar; vlcepresl*
donts—Vanconver leland, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; PrlaoS
ffiP*i',Jf' "• Thompson; Vaneonver, E.
Winch, W. B. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Kootenay, Marcos Martin,
Nelson; Crows Nest Pass, W. A. Sherman,
Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A. S. WeUl,
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir street, Vsncouver, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA. B.-P.
VICTORIA AND DISTBIOT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Meets flrat and third Wed*
nesdays, Knights ol Pythias Hall, North
Park street, at 8 p.m. Preaident, B. Sim-
mono; vice-president, T. Dooley: seeretary-
treasurer, Ohrletlan Slverta, P. 0. Box 809,
Victoria, B. 0.
BOOTH WBLLIOTTON, T. I.
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, V. M. W. ol A.—
Meete flret Sunday in every month 8 p.m.,
Richards Hall. Preeldent, Jas. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; reeordlng
'oorotary. Jaa. Fearon; flnanclal aedtetary,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. B. Rich-
ardeon.
OLBLAND-DIBBLB EKOBAV-
INO COMPANY
PHOTO ENORAVBBS — OOMMEEOIA1
ABTISTS
Phons Seymou 7189
—Tke only Onion Bhop In VaaeouTer—
Patronizo B. C. Federatlonist advertisers, and tell them why you do so. FBIDAY...
..July 26, 1618
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
If every man in Vancouver
really knew the difference
Between Hudson's Bay Clothing and the general run
of Clothing for men, as sold in many stores, we believe that every man in this city would buy his clothing here. It is a fact, and provable, that Hudson's
Bay Clothing for men is better, lasts better and
serves better in every way than other clothing sold
in this city. Named brands are all right in some
instances, but the Hudson's Bay Company Label on
the inside of a Man's Coat means that he has got the
best clothing value possible for the money spent,
and the purchase price will be cheerfully, returned
if the garment fails to give satisfaction.
Suit Prices from $25 to $40
Granville f*nd Georgia Streets
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INOOEPOBATED 1869
Capital Paid-up *
14,000,000
Reserve Fund and Undivided Profits    15,000,000
Total Assets  360,000,000
41 Branches in British Columbia, including the
following in City of Vancouver and vicinity:
Main Offloe—400 Hastings St., oor. Homer. T, P. Peacock,
East End—Cor. Hastings St. E. and Main 0. Jardine,
Bobson St.—795 Granville St G, A. Macdonald,
Bridge St.—491) Broadway W., cor. Cambie St. S.....A. G. Putnam,
Cordova St—1 Cordova St. W.  B. P. Howden,
Pairvlew—2247 Granvillo St., eor. Seventh Ave H. C. Hopgood,
Orandview—1050 Commercial Drive J, W. Logan,
Davie St.—1193 Granvillo St. J. F. M. Pinkham,
Manager
Manager
Manager
Manager
Hillcrest—32,12 Main St., cor. 17th Ave...
Kitsllano—2010 Yew St...
.P. Bosworth,
J. J. V. Black,
Mount Pleasant—2301 Main St., cor. 8th Ave D. M. Morrison,
North Vaneouvar W. Dickinson,
Marpole G. P.* Thorno,
Port Moody H. L. Frnser,
Now Westminster  G. H. Stevens,
Manager
Manager
Manager
Manager
Managor
Manager
Manager
Manager
Manager
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT AT ALL BRANCHES
Interest Credited HalfYcarly
Accounts May Be Opened With $1.00 Deposit
No Delay in Withdrawal
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
*••*
When your teeth go wrong
—act at once—the sooner yon have them look-
- ed after the* better for you
»■
EVERY day you wait aftor a defect develops means that that
defect becomes worse—means that it strikes deeper and becomes more difficult to control—means that it endangers the adjoining teeth. Let me examino that tooth and advise you—now—
not after the trouble has developed to sueh an extant as to oause
acute suffering.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown tad Bridge IptdiUit
001 Hastings Street Wait, Oor. Soymonr
Office Open Daily Until ( p.m.
X-Bay aims takes tt Beats-
tary;   tenyesr  funataas
Uvea.
PHON SBT. SSS1
Examinations  mads  en
phont appointments.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS
Dry Goods, Gents Furnishings
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Etc.
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of America"
PAGE SEVEN
ELECTION OF TRADES COUNCIL OFFICERS
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
-BUT TBS PRODUCTS OT THB-
-VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Becaue they art equal or totter tban any other -SmlUr product* IM
tbem come from when tbey may
-ASK POR-
Cascade Beer
THB BBBB WITHOUT A FEBB
Alexandra Stout
THB HUNK*
?S;er Soda Water
THB DEUCE THAT gAXimBS
FULL LINE, PORE FRUIT FLAVORS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
TOULS
'T* HE ballots were counted ou Satur-
* day afternoon at Secretary Midgley 's office in the presence of the election committee and of a number of candidates and their friends.
The ballots for the office of president were counted flrBt. In all 113 ballots were cast, and under the rules, the
candidate elected had to have a distinct inajority. The rosult on the flrst
count is shown in Column 1, No candidate having received thc "quota." or
number necessary to elect, the "low"
man, Beid, was declared defeated. His
ballots were then examined with respect to the second choices indicated
thorcon and were then distributed to
the other candidates in accordance with
the wishos of tho various voters' who
marked these balolts. . The result of
this distribution ie shown in columns
2 and 3. Still no one had reached the
"quota," and it fell to Welsh to be
next declared defeated, and his ballots
wore thon examined and effect given
to thc wishes of the various voters who
marked their first choice for Mr. Welsh.
This resulted iu 19 more votes going to
Cottrell and 12 to Winch, whilo ono
ballot failed to show a noxt preference
at all, and so was "non-transferable."
This count resulted in a "tie" between
Cottrell and Winch—56 each. Tho
rules of the "Municipal Proportional
Representation Act," under which the
eloction was conducted, wore therefore
invoked, and as Cottrell had the*low-
ost number of ballots of the two at
tho next preceding count, he was defeated, and Winch was elected.
It will be seen that, up to the last
count, Winch had the highest vote
throughout, particularly at tho end of
the second count, and his was, undei
the rules, the determining factor in deciding now tho "tio" should be
brokon. II might be pointed out that
had the votos for Cottrell and Winch
been the sume on all counts, tho rules
provido that lots shall be drawn by the
Returning Officer to decide which candidate shall survive.
Kavanagh for Vice President
The race for the office of vice-president was not so close.   On the first
count the result was as follows:
Crawford       20
Gutteridge, Miss H......    31
Herrett     6
Kavanagh     56
Total  113
The "quota" was 67, and it was
apparent that Kavanagh would have no
difficulty in "taaking it." On the
first count he was just ono short, and
accordingly the "low" man. Herrett,
was counted "out." His ballots were
examined and effect given to the wishes
of-the six men who voted first choice
for Hcrrett. This resulted in four
more voteB going to Kavanagh and two
to Miss Gutteridge. Having reached
the "quota," Kavanagh waB then do*
clared elected.
It will be observed that while the
ballot in these elections provided for
tho expression of preferoncos, the election of the presidont and vice-president,
single offices, wns not a "proportional
representation" election in the strict
sense. The ballot and tho counting are
thc same of course, but in thc case of
an olection to fill a single office the
object secured is to see that the candidate elected has tho support of a distinct majority of the electorate. This
is, properly speaking, tho alternative
voto. Its use is entirely limited to elections to fill single offices, where of
course, there is no opportunity for proportional or "minority" repreaenta
tion.
Election for Trustees
It was in the olection of the four
trustcos that the principle of "P. B,
wub demonstrated, and the "majority"
and "minority" elements were able to
secure representation in proportion to
their Btrongth. Tho table of results
shows the progress of the count. Column 1 shows the result of tho first
count, when the ballots were examined
and distributed according to the flrst
choices only. Tho numbor of valid ballots cast was 111—two others being
spoiled. The "quota waB arrived at,—
23. It will be seen that Winch was a
candidate for both the presidency and
a trusteeship. But having been elected
presidont, ho thereupon became in*
elegible for the office of trustee. His
21 ballots were therefore examined
with respoct to the second choices
marked on them and were distributed'
accordingly, the result appearing in
columns 2 and 3.
Pritchard (47 votes) and McVety (32
votes) were fortunate enough to roach
the "quota" on the flrst count, and
were at once declared elected. But
as only 23 votes were required to elect,
Pritchard had a "surplus" of 24
votes. These 24 were then distributed
to the various choices as indicated on
the ballots, and in this distribution the
"exact" or "mathematical" principle
used in the Tasmanian and British
P. R." ruleB was followed. The result is shown in Column 4.
Tho transfer of Pritchard'a surplus
gavo five more votes to Crawford and
thiB resulted in Crawford reaching tho
quota. He waB thereupon declared
elocted.
McVety's surplus was next dealt with
tmd.es asd ubodb coraon
KLMTIOI Of £RE9ZDRR,   Atl?, 1916.
UBLB OF HB3D1T3.
io. t_t mi_ baiieti.. ua
j-taota —
H*
One seat to fill.
Candidate!
col. 1
Col. t            jCol. 8     ;    Col. 4      j  Col.t.
first
Count
aeoond Count              j        Third Oonnt
Irane-far ot
Rald'e Totee
Easult      transfer    ' Result
of      i
fteloh'a     |
Cottrell
36
+ t
il       j    + 19          j     66
Sou
M
-14
■•!      |
lelsb
a
♦ 7
88       J     - 32          j
i                      i
■Irak
to
+ 6
44       J    + 18          J     66
Son-transferable
ballots
i      ■ ■■-:
j +t      ii
1           j
lotala
112
.. j	
Ui       {                       j   112
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
in the same way as Pritchard's was.
The result is shown nndor tho heading
"Fourth Count." This gave Hubble a
"boost" to 22, and Beid to 16, but not
sufficient to elect either. The next
step was to eliminate the "low" man,
Thom. Ho was declared defeated and
his two ballots wero examined and it
was found that both tho voters who
marked them had expressed their next
available preference for Beid, This
left only two candidates in tho field—
Hubble with 22 votes, and Beid with
18, for the one remaining Beat. Roid,
having the lowest vote, waB declared
defeated, under the rules, and Hubble
was elected, although just barely short
of reaching the quota.
In order of their relative standing,
aB to seniority, the trustees are:
Pritchard, McVety, Crawford, Hubble.
Ballots Eaay to Mark
The election served to show one result, at least, conclusively, namely that
the "P. B." ballots are easy to mark,
and do not present any difficulty to the
ordinary voter.
In the three contests there were, in
all, 339 ballots cast, and of this number only two wore spoiled. In both
cases tho voter had marked the figure
1 opposite moro than one name, thus
making it impossible to ascertain his
flrst choice. The ballots throughout
were markod to express very fully the
voters' second and subsequent choices,
and only throe ballots became "ineffective through failuro on tho part of the
voter to express more than tho first
choice. It will be seen that if these
three "non-trnnsforoblo" ballots wero
intended as "plumpers," they entirely failod of their purposo.
Analysis of Results
In tho trusteeship olection, out of 111
valid ballots cast, it will bo seen that
91 ballots were effective in securing
direct representation, or 82 per cent.
Tho four trustees elected ench represents a unanimous constituency o£ _'.l
voters, so that, it may bc aaid that
"within the limits of practicability,
ovory voter has helped to elect the porson who, undor the actual circumstances ho preferred lo help elect."
Advantages of "P. R."
Whilo of course tho "trustee" contest just closed did not havo tbe characteristics of a political contest, a study
of tho results will posaibly Berve to illustrate to the student of politicul
methods some of the   advantages   of
P. R." when applied in the larger
field. It may not be out of place,
therefore, to summarize the objects and
advantages of this method of electing
our representative bodies.
Proportional Representation.
1. Gives real representation to practically evory voter.
2. Gives the same political value to
every vote, so that corruption is discouraged.
3. Makes it possible to nominate
candidatos freely without danger of
"splitting the vote" of the party or
group.
4. Induces the strongest men to become candidates.
& Stimulates interest in voting by
giving tho voter an opportunity of
marking candidates ho really wants
without running the risk of throwing
his voto away.
6. Insuros a majority of tho representatives to a majority of tho voters,
true representation tn all substantial
minorities, and leadership to the real
lenders.
7. Eliminates the chief incentive to
wasteful appropriations.
8.   Eneourages    representatives    to   woalth produetion.
havo principles and to be true to them.
9. Tends to secure the co-operation
ahd loyalty of the entire community
"Proportional representation is complete democrncy. It gives fair and
equnl representation to all, and tho rule
of the majority. It opens the door, of
tho House to men of high character,
with notional, not party ideals."—Earl
Grey.
OOST OF UVINO
STILL GOING SKYWARD
Increase of 100 Per Oent Over .Figures
on 1914—But Wages
Remain Low
A continuance of the upward tendency of the cost of living is shown in
the Labor department's report on food
prices for the month of June. The average cost of a family budget of staple
foods in some sixty cities in the maddle
of Juno was $12.77, as against $12.60
for May, $11.89 for June, 1917, and
$7.35 for June, 1914. In prices tbe advance in meat, coal, wood, coal oil and
eggs continued.
In wholesale prices the departmental
index number was up to $280.8 as compared with 276.8 in May.
These figures are only for 29 varieties
of Btaplo fooda,and do not include othor
eommoditiea such as clothing and shelter. In a groat many instances these
commodities have increased far greator
in price than have, foodstuffs, so taking
that into consideration with tho above
figures, it can easily bo seen that the
cost of living has increased 100 per
cent, ovor that of 1914. And in no instance has wages increased more than
00 per cent, and in a majority of cases,
not moro than ten per cent.
TERRIBLE WASTAGE
OF FOOD PRODUCTS
Hundreds of Tons of Tim Is Destroyed
Because the Prices Are
Not Satisfactory
Thot Ncah Buy fishermen have boon,
compelled to destroy no loss than 100
Ions of lino salmon in tho last three
dnys becnuso the Scuttle and Taeoma
buyers nt Noah Bay nnd tho Ncnh Bny
ennnory refuse*! to tnko thom off their
hnnds, is tho declaration of Charles
Jorgonson, u member of the crow of
the 50-foot fishing boat Exhibit, which
nrrived in Seattle on Saturday.
Jorgonson furthor doclnros thot tho
fishermen boliove that thc extraordinary
condition which exists at Ncah Bay is
tho result of a conspiracy among tho
flsh buyers to reduce the price to the
lishermen below tho 10 cents a pound
fixed by the food administrator com*
mittoo.
Here we havo a glaring example of
what is going on under the profit system. Neah Bay is only ono of thousands of Ashing grounds in whieh tbis
terrible wastage Ts going on. Thousands
of tons' of flsh is wasted annually becauso aftor it is oaugbt, it is either too
small for handling, of a different variety than Is needed, or prices demanded
or offered are not satisfactory to the
persons concerned. Thero is absolutely
no moro systom to the fishing gamo
than there is to any othor game in the
production of wealth. And thoro never
will bo so long as commodities arc pro-
duced for profit instead of for use. This
wnstngo will and must, of necessity,
continuo until such time as those who
produce the wealth of tho world, have
knowledge and determination onough to
put nn end to the present profit system,
and instituto a system basod on the collective   ownership   of   thc   means   of
Canadian Northern Railway
TBAHSOOKtnnWTAI,
* Lowest Pouible Passenger Fares    '
BASTEBN DESTINATIONS
Modem Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Our Nearest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PA8SHNOEB AOENT, 606 HASTINOS W, VAJTOOUVHB
Telephone Sermonr SMS
^f_V^i_$__i>
Nabob
(COFFEE;
Food Xlotnsf
Mo.  S-5M
IF you want good coffee,
the very best—ask for
NABOB.
Nabob Coffee is the perfect
coffee in the perfection container.
All Women's Boots to $10.00, Said
Price	
Over 1)00 pairs of distinctive models lo select from, models
that embody eleganco and oxolusivonoss of a high order.
Flexible leather soles with line calf or kid S'/a-inoh laced
upper, Louis, Cuban or walking heel. Smart browns, rich
blacks or clever two-tone combinations in grey, maize or
brown.
Children's nnd
Misses' White
Canvas Pumps,
with an extension oik sole;
all sizos.   Spe-
pricc   fl.00
LEATHER   SANDALS -
Brown I.onther Sandals
for Childron and Growing
Qirls. Sown solos. Cool,
comfortnblo and very oeo*
nomicul for summer  wear.
lo"/!0.9. $1.00
White
Canvas
Boots
— Chil*
dren'«
u n d
Misses
'  Whito
Cnnvas
Button
Boots!
sizes to
2.
Sale
prico
$1.85
All Men's $9 Boots,
Sale Price - ...
$6.45
The Comfort snd Elegance of these models are instantly
apparent. We guarantee durability and service. You
may select from mahogany, Malay or khaki brown, or black
in calf and kid. Leather or Neolin sole. Recede on raised
toe as you desire.
VI "TheHome of Good Shoes'
HICHARDSONS
mM. 649 Hastings, w.
Near Granville. -^
PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY.....  July 26, 1818
The Pioneer Union Store
"Home of Hart Schaffner & Kan Clothes"
Claman's
Limited
163 HASTINOS STREET WEST
Raincoats
In Rubberized Tweeds
$20
The advance guard of Fall Raincoats has just arrived. The fabrics are of splendid quality in numbers of different patterns.
Made with the convertible collar and in lengths
to suit tall men, short men or stout men as well as
regular men.
You will find these coats
great value at the price
$20
Sex and Other Problems
That Arise in Oompany Towns
(Continued from page 6)
of them were ready to hit the pike for
somewhere else as soon aa they had accumulated a wad of bills.
The morning boat seldom left without taking some mon who were weary
of the dull routine. The evening boat
seldom arrived1 without bringing a gang
of industrial recruits to take their
places.
Coining and going; coming. and going; coming and going. Among them
there was not much of rest and stability and probably a great oause of this
was their condition of enforced
bachelordom.
We know that all men are not alike
as regards marriage. Some men voluntarily choose the celibato life, becauso
inclined to it by nature and disposition.
Some, like the great apostle to the eQn-
tiles, espouse no mortal mate because
they are wedded to a spiritual bride.
But Buch were not most of the men
who tenanted the company's boarding
house. They were celibates, not by
choico, but by compulsion of industrial
circumstances.
What did they do for feminine society while there I
Tell it not in Oathl Publish it not
in the streets of Askalonl   If I were
The Blue
Serge Suit
Blue Serges are getting
scarcer each season and
the price is soaring skyward.
To the man who prefers a
blue suit to any other, take
our advice and buy one now..
We ean still supply you with
an all-wool, fast colored
Serge at very little advance
over the old prices.
-SHOP OF—
"laatiiim-atrafr
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Oranvllle Street
to give the details, some people might
be shocked.
Of course, no open immorality was
allowed on the company's townsite.
Everything there was kept strictly in
appli-pie order. But rumor whispered
of a place, two or three miles away
in the woods, where certain Delilahs of
the underworld had established a rural
retreat, accessible to the woman-hungry
members of the industrial crew. The
Pharisee may shut his eyes and stop
Us ears, against the mention of such
things, but nothing is gained by ignoring them.
Is that a satisfactory Btate of
affairsf
These conditions of discontent and
unrest and occasional immorality are
directly promoted by the -system which
prevents a man from taking his wife
and family to a place unless accompanied by a houseful of furniture.
Many are the '' buck boarding houses''
and "womanless camps'1 of this province of British Columbia—places where
men are herded together by the industrial conditions to whioh they are subjected.
How has this system arisen!
Somo people think that it Ib a necessary part of the lumber business. They
think that the lumbering industry cannot be carried on without camps and
boarding houses containing men only.
Anyone who expects such a system to
promote proBpority in a country is opposed to one of the primary laws of
nature.
The source of tho buck boarding
bouse and the womanless camp is not
to bo found in any special character
of the lumber business. It arises chief*
ly from the financial greed nnd avarice
of employers of labor who refuse to
spend the money necessary to provide
accommodation for a fatally.
The griping'lust for financial profits
and dividends is the real cause of thiB
state of affairs. This it is that separates the industrial husband from his
wife and children in the lumber trade.
Bat while employers of labor may appear to make an occasional profit by
the system, they lose much more indirectly through the troubles and disputes which the Bystem tends directly
to promote.
Let ub suppose that an industrial
company built and furnished a board*
ing house, not merely for bachelors and
grass widowers, but for families of hus-
bands, wives and children. Why should
it not be donef >
The chief additional cost would be
a little extra Bleeping accommodation.
Husband and wife would require . a
separate room. But a boy of one family might share a room with a boy of
another family.   Similarly the girls.
ThiB being arranged, the wives and
daughters of the men could1 help with
the cooking and other domestic work
of tho boarding house at a proper rate
of pay. Thus the problem of hired
help would bc solved by the system itself.
As an alternative to this communal
ByBtem, a company might provide a
rooming house with several small suites
of   plainly    furnished    housekeeping
El
Hospital Arrangements Under Compensation Act
Agreed Upon
Mr.. J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister
of L^or;- Mr. E. S. H. Winn and Mr.
Parkfir Wililams of the Workmen's
Compensation Act Commission, are })ack
from the Slocan, whore the question of
the hospital arrangements haB been the
cause of a dispute between the men
and the company.
Satisfactory arrangements have been
made, and it is expected that no
further trouble will be met in connection with the arrangements as to hospital and medical treatment.
While there Mr. McNiven endeavored
to bring about a settlement in the
wage dispute between the company and
the miners of Silverton and Sandon,
This question has not definitely been
settled, but the company has offered an
increase of 50 cents per day, but ask
for an increase of 25 cents per day
in the rates for board. This would
give the married men an increase of
50 cents and a net increase of 25 cents
to the men living on company property,
the other 25 oents being taken up by
the -increase in the price of food stuffs
supplied to tho men in the company
mess rooms. Thc men are taking a
vote as to whether the offer of the company is to be accepted or not.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
Readers of the "Fed" should use
UNION BAKERY BREAD
—the bread that's made in a Union Bakery—a
plant that is owned and controlled—lock,
stock and barrel—by Union Men.
Our Specialty—Hand-made bread—a loaf
that's lighter, tastier, more wholesome than
the ordinary bread.
—We're making the best bread offered in Vancouver—bar none—Give us a trial.
Support this co-operative trades-unionist industry
by using its product in your home.
Get Union Bakery Bread  at your  grocer's or phone
Highland 2145.
Union Bakery Ltd.
4th Avenue and Commercial Drive
rooms, such as can be rented in various
parts of Vancouver, B. C. In such
cases the husband, wife and family
would board themselves. This system
would allow them greater domestic
freedom and privacy than the communal method aforesaid.
Perhaps, after living a while in
such conditions, a man might decide to
take a separate house and set up an
establishment of his own. In that case,
he would be well acquainted with the
conditions of the place, and would be
likely to stay a long time.
Tho present problem of the lumber
workers of North America is not merely one of wages. It is largely a ques*
tion of domestic accommodation. The
domestic accommodation provided in
many places at present for lumber workers on this Pacific Coast is very bad.
Ic is a disgrace to society. In many
cases, men engaged in lumbering work
are kennelled like dogs or stabled like
horses. They have no place worthy
of being called a home.
When a company acquires a timber
limit and starts to get out logs, it exercises a supreme power of lordship
over all tho territory so that a lumber
worker cannot make a home there for
himself, a_ is done elsewhere by workers in other businesses. He has to take
whatever domestic aaccommodation the
company chooses to provido for hita,
and frequently that accommodation is
such as a man might accord to a dog
or a horse. The company, in many
cases, makes no provision at all for the
accommodation of a lumber worker's
wife and children. It seems to think
that a lumber workor has no right to
be a father, the head of a family. Ho
has to bc a bachelor, dog or horse, living in whatever kennel or stable thc
company chooses to provide. Consequently, the lumber workers of the Pacific Coast are mostly a homeless, un-.
domesticated tribe of nomadic wanderers. Many of them have no homes; no
domestic associations. To anyone who
travels up and down the coast of British Columbia by the various steamboats that carry on thc coastal trade,
no sight is more common that that of
the lumberjack toting along his roll of
blankets and his big kit bag containing
his wearing apparel and other goods.
At some of the ports of call, half a
dozen men, or more, will stagger up the
rickety gang-plank, or go stumbling
down it, dragging with them their loads
of dunnage. They come and go, and
come and go, like restless spirits of the
rocky coast. They never stay long
in any place. After a few months spent
in the wearisome conditions, thoy usually take the boat back to Vancouver to
enjoy for a while the pleasures and accommodation of ordinary civilized Bociety. Can anyone blame them for
doing ho? Could any man continue to
endure for any great length of time
thc present conditions of an ordinary
lumber camp or coastal mine! Ib not
the system a violation of the decent
emotions and desires of human nature f
The big industrial companies that are
today exploiting the wator powers, the
timber limits and the mines of British
Columbia have acquired those natural
opportunities through thc sufferance of
the peoplo. They can retain thom
only ns long as their management of
thoso 'resources is in accordance with
the popular will. Let them understand,
then, that the two-legged creatures
whom they employ in their various
operations are not Darwinian apes devoid of any sense of right and reason.
They are human beings, with emotions,
intelligence and desires similar to those
of the employors for whom they work.
They need tho pleasures of family and
friends quite as much as the boss, whose
palatial residence provides all the refinements of modern society for the delectation of a crowd of privileged
guests. The inoney won by the subjection of men to conditions contrary to
the primary laws of nature iB unclean
gain which wilt surely leave behind it
a vengeance and u curse.
In a legal sense, it iB from the political government at Victoria, B. C, that
those industrial corporations have obtained their power over the natural
opportunities from which they derivo
their wealth. Therefore, we suggest
that Messrs. Oliver, Bowser & Co.
should give this matter Buch attention
as they can spare from their mutual
conflicts and dispatcs, especially as the
need that existB is not subject to party
politics but comes from the demands
of our common human nature and intelligence.
What is required is that the lumbering, mining and water power companies
of this province should be caused to
provide suitablo domestic accommodation, not merely for bachelors and grass
widowers in their employ, but for married men with families of wives and
children.
Why should the lumberjack or tbe
min-er bc forced by his industrial con-
itions to live like a horse, without domestic relationships? Such a condition
necessarily tends to cause demoralization.
Bnsid^a British Columbia and other
parts of thc Pacific Coaatj is there any
^Attractive
Values in
Summer
Underwear
Vests in ribbed cotton,
low neck, no sleeves. Special, 251
Vests in fine ribbed cotton, low neck, sleeveless
style.   Special, 35>-
Vests, superior grade ribbed cotton, low neok,
sleeveless.   Special, 4St>
Union Suits in a fine ribbed cotton, low neck, loose
knee.   Special, 95f
Cumfy Cut Union Suits,
fine ribbed cotton, tight
knee.   Special $1.00
575 Granville 'Phone Sty. 3540
Closed Town Scene of
Gouging by Profiteers
(Continued from page 1)
employees in, itB toils through indebtedness to the company.
Exorbitant Prices
Shirts that^ell in Vancouver for
$1.25, are sold at the company store
for $3.00; $6.00 shoes ar-e Bold for *10.
The purchasing of groceries keeps one
continually in debt to the company.
Good meals for single men can not be
obtained for less than a dollar. The
company's mess houBe price is $1.25 per
day, and the men have to go to the
hotel—provided for such emergencies
by the company—in order to get rid of
the hungry feeling that the mess house
meals have cultivated.
Big Dividend Makers
The Granby Company declared dividends to the amount of $749,924 for the
first half of this year, and is now making $500,000 per month. It claims to
have 1400 men in its employment,
hence the company has been able to exploit every man out of $535 for the
first six months of this year, and turn
it over to a bunch of parasitical stockholders, who in all probability, have
not been within a hundred miles of the
place, never did any useful work in their
lives, and whose '' superior intelligence" has not lidded one dollar's
worth of value to" the property. The
mental and physical energy of those
now on strike, applied to tho natural
resources of the earth, has produced all
the values by which the company is enabled to pass out dividends to stockholders. When the strike is settled, the
men will return to work to carry out
the same process. Wages may be raised
but the "company Btore" will raise
prices sufficiently to gather in those extra dollars, and the merry-go-round will
continue until such time aB the workers
get it into their heads that they must
own and run industry in their own interests, instead of in tho interests of a
capitalist class.
Hun Strategists
The company claims that the strike is
the result of unpatriotic agitation, and
that the majority of the men were satisfied with conditions at the corral. All
we have to Bay is that a man who is
satisfied with such conditions as described, Bhould be given every opportun.
ity to get back to the grindstone at the
company's terms. As for the unpatriotic agitation, it seems too much like
flogging a dead horse. It is simply
piffle, and is like the prattle of a bunch
of Hun strategists.
The men are asking for the co-operation of the B. C. Federation of Labor,
the Vancouver, Victorin, Prince Bupert
and Now Westminster Trades and Labor Councils, in their efforts to have the
town mado an open town, as they de-
dure that until that is accomplished,
there will never be peace in the slave
encampment.
Oity HaU Staff Organize
Forty members of the Vancouver
City Hall staff have joined the ranks
of organized labor by Bigning an application for a charter. Tho next moct-
ing will bc held Thursday, August 1.
country in tho world where large numbers of the industrial population have
to pack bedding because employers refuse to make any provision for thc accommodation of wives and children?
Ib not such a Btate of affairs a
shame and disgrace to any country
that claims to be civilized! Do not
hundreds of white workmen in_ this
province have to live in conditions
which very much resemble those of
mules and horses!
The question of the buck boarding
houses and womanleBB camps of British Columbia might well be Wade a
subject of special investigation by ( a
parliamentary cojnmiBBion at Victoria,
B. C. Thc political government, by
granting exclusive privileges to certain
industrial corporations, has allowed an
unnatural state pf affairs to ariBe in
connection with the lumbering industry
and should give the matter its attention.
It may not be easy to reform this
system all at once, for it is of such
long standing that it has become a
habit of life with many men. But
something should be dono immediately to require mining and lumbering
omployers of lnbor to provide suitable
domestic accommodation for married
men with families, as well as for bache-
lors and grass widowers.
This matter may be referred to again
in these columns In order that thc readers bc kept informed of the conditions
of life that aro imposed upon the
manual workorfl who aro engaged in
developing the natural resources of this
province of British Columbia.
UP
Federation Executive Seeks
Release of Miners
Still in Pen
During the Island strike of 1913-14
William Jackson, a, miner was, along
with others, arrested, and1 when tried
was given a pretty stiff sentence. It
was alleged that he'was one of those
implicated in the throwing of dynamite.
The attention of the executive of the
B. C. Federation of Labor was called
to the fact that the man was still in
gaol, and that if he was to remain
much longer he would only leave to go
to the cemetery. Secretary-Treasurer
Wells communicated' the facts to the
Minister of Justico, and the following
reply has been recoived:
"Ottawa, July 8. 1918.
"Dear Sir,—I beg to acknowledge re-
ceipt of your letter of June 10, with
roferenco to William Jackson, detained
in the penitentiary at New Westminster, B. 0., and to say in reply that its
contents have been noted, and especially the information it conveys to the
effect that the prisoner is in a critical
state of health.
"The matter will be looked into immediately."
"Tours truly,
"W. GALLAGHBB,
"For the Solicitor-General."
Metal Trades Oouncll
The Metal Trades Council has
recommended that all affiliated unions
ask for a basic minimum flat rato of
$7.20 per day for mechanics, $5.50 for
helpers and $5 for laborers, to take effect August 1. The counoil refuses to
recognize the Bobertson agreement of
June 1, claiming that the agreement
was signed by individual unions and
not by the Metal Trades Council. This
minimum scale is being demanded by
all councils on the Pacific coast, but
in the case of Seattle the scale has
been raised to a minimum of one dollar per hour. Anothor meeting of tho
council will take place next Wednesday.
Electrical Workers
Seventeen new members were initiated at a well attended meeting. The
looal has authorized the employment of
a paid secretary to help attond to tho
increasing busines of tho union. The
new agreement drawn up by the inside wiremen was endorsed and this
will be presented to all contractors with
the object of putting it into effect
August 1. The local is preparing to
bombard Ministor of Lnbor Crothers
with pertinent questions.
Amalgamated Carpenters ..
Ten new members were admitted to
membership at a well attended meeting of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters. L. Barratt was elected business agent in place of T. Taylor, who
resigned. W. Watson and A. S. WellB
were elected delegates to tho TradeB
nnd Labor Council.
Behind the "ad"-
It is freely said that I am winning
success because I advertise regularly.
That is true. But it must be remembered that I stand behind my advertising with "the goods." It is not my
idea to boast, but when I know that I
am giving genuine value at most reasonable price I want to tell you about it.
Because people believe what I say and
later find that their faith has not been
misplaced I am becoming successful.
Perhaps my occasional bursts of
enthusiasm will be pardoned. But I
never misstate my case. What you see
in my "advt." is so. I'd rather lose my
than   "fall   down"   on   a
Men's Salts to
ftom
$35
Women's
Mn-ttUond
Salts ftom
$45
promise.
mor.
6310RANV/LLE
314HASMGSW
UNION SHOP
Gas Workers
Seven new members wore initiated
at an interesting moeting of the Gas
..orkera. A numbor of candidates
were nominated for the various local
offices and will be balloted on at the
next regular meeting of the looal,
MACHINIST SACRIFICED
UFE TO SAVE OTHERS
Albert Ward Controlled Hose, Thereby
Offsetting Danger to Hundreds of Workers
Albert Herbert Ward, member of
Machinists Lodge No. 777, who was
burned to death in the Wallace shipyard laBt week, undoubtedly sacrificed
his lifo in endeavoring to Bave from
harm his hundreds of follow workers
and also the big shipyard plant, according to the evidence of witnosses at the
inquest.
Through his efforts in controlling
thc hoBo through which distillate was
spurting with a hundred pounds air
pressure behind it, the flooding of tho
big machino shop with this very dangerous and inflammable substance was
avoided. Mr. Ward, while enshrouded
in flames, "carried on" and the nation
gained thereby.
Bakers Union
Tho members of the Bakers Union desire to thank the following organizations for the following donations to
their strike funds, during the recti nt
striko: Tenmsters and Chauffeurs,
$100; Painters, $25j Machinists 777,
$25; titonm Engineers, $25; Garment
Workers, $5; Boilermakers, $100; Barbers, $10; Miss Duncan, $2. Total,
$202.
Organizer McGuerin of Seattle is
in town and a special mooting of the
Bakers Union will bo held on Saturday night in the Labor Temple, when
quostions of vital importance will be
discussed.
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
Hotol and Bestaurant Employees report considerable progress during the
month of July and a record number of
initiations. There are still a large
number of girls in the city, such as
chambermaids and other female help,
working in and around hotels for a
miserable wage, and with the assistance
of Miss Gutteridge they may soon be in
the union. A circular has been sent to
other unionB drawing their attention
to the fact that waitresses are working in unfair restaurants, namely McLeod's Cafo and Mclntyre's, who are
married women and wives of memberB
of organized labor. The union iB negotiating with the Hastings Lunch on
Hastings Street for union conditions in
that establishment, and pending a settlement wish to advise as fair. The
following restaurants are still on the
unfair list: McLeod's, Mclntyre's,
Leonard's, Pioneer. Arrangements are
under way for a moonlight excursion
and dance to Wigwam Inn on Wednesday, August 7, weather permitting. A
large turnout is anticipated. Weavers
orchestra will supply music. The Hotel
and Bestaurant Employees Union
wishes to oxprcsB itB appreciation for
the assistance rendered by other unions
in helping to line up a number of restaurants in the eity, and a little more
of the good work will make Local
100 per cent, in the near future.
i
i
PANTAGES
■*■*■■ ran mn
OALEITI'S BABOONS
SEMISHAWH DANOEBS
The largest
Union Store
for Men in B.C.
e
—a store where every trades
unionist can feel perfectly
at home
We cater especially for the trade of Union men—our store
is a Union store in every sense of the word.
—you'll find the Union Store card displayed.
—you'll be served by Union clerks.
—in our Shoe department you can obtain Union-made shoes.
—the final shop alterations on your suit will be made by a
Union tailor.
Tell the clerk you're a Union man—tell him you saw Dick's
advertisement in the Federationist—you'll get Union service.
The largest and best stock of Men's Suits, Shoes and wearing
apparel in Western Canada—offered at reasonable prices-
sold under our guarantee "Your Money's Worth, or Your
Money Back."
TEN PER CENT. OFF TO RETURNED SOLDIERS
33 - 45 - 47-49, Hastings Sh Ernst.
1

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