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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 1, 1919

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THE BRITISH
[INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
BIA FEDERATIONIST
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VJNCOUVER TBADES AND LAB0B!COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR
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  .T.*.T«/^-iGFaA«^^«»J«M*„WT/,       _TT«TT-,™,      , „, „ /
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOW
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 31
EIGHT PAGES
VANCO
SS^FRIDA. MORNING, AUGUST 1,1919
G..£,r&o) $1.50 PERYEAR!
THAT MISS1
I
\ Hope Lodge of Machinists
Hears Both Sides of
the Question
Discrimination Was Not
Shown by the Relief
Committee
Lut Sunday a special meeting of
fiope Lodge No. 79, I. A. of If., wai
held m the Labor Templo, Seattle,
for thc purpose of hearing the true
facta of the ease with regard to the
cheque of $600, donated by the lodge
to the relief of strikers in Vancouver, it having been stnted by two
| members of the Machinists International,   Messrs.   MeVety   nnd   Bengough, on the night of Monday, July
■21st, that discrimination in favor of
members of the 0. B. U. was being
shown in the disposal of the relief
fund.
In order to givo the secretary of
j the Trades and Labor Council of
Vancouver, J. Kavanagh, an oppor-
■ tunity of explaining this matter, he
[ was invited to attend the Sunday
meeting, together with Messrs. Mc-
| Vety and Bengough.    In the meeting the chair ruled that Mr. McVoty
■' and Mr. Bengough should again state
the position as. they had on the previous Monday night.
Mr. MeVety took ths floor, and did
1 not mention any specific cases where
! men had been refused assistance,
j, after bringing a voucher from the
organization to which they belonged.
He gave thc names of two members
of the Machinists who had applied
for relief to the central relief committee, and who had been told to go
to thoir internationals. The majority
of his address was devoted to criticising Mr. McDonnell), who was travelling in Washington on behalf, of
the Vancouver Trades and   Labor
Oonneil, for stating that thousands
wero  being   discriminated 'against,
and some w^re being evicted from
their hones.    He stated that this
wu not correct ,and had not been
correct at any stage of the game. .
Mir. Bengough said that Mr. McVety practically covered all of tho
question.
Mr. Kavanagh, in addressing thc
meeting, pointed out that before going into the question of discrimination, he desired to lay before them
what had happened the day previous,
on his going to get the permit to go
down to Seattle. On going down to
tbe immigration offico, he found tbat
there wore quite a few poople waiting to obtain permits, and ho would
have fo wait his turn in order to get
the card filled out. While waiting
there, Mr. McVety and Mr. Bengough came into the office. Instead
of taking his turn u other people
were doing, Mr. McVety went into
the office of the chief immigration
inspector, was closeted with him for
about five minutes, then came out
and said to Bengough, "That will
be all right," and then went away.
The chief immigration inspector, or
his assistant, Mr. Kavanagh was not
sure which, oame out of his office,
gave a note to' his stenographer,
which he took down to the investigation department at tho other end of
the offices. He brought a note back
from there, which ho laid on the
table of tbe officer whom Mr. Kavanagh had to pass before in order to
get his permit. The officer read tho
note, and then turned it face down
•on the table. When Kavanagh had
Ud his card filled out, he was taken
first to the doctor and then brought
baek to the place where ho first got
the eard. He waB then taken by the
chief immigration inspector to the
investigation department, placed under oath, and questioned in the presence of one other aud the stenographer, as to his connection with the
0. B. U., the connection of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
with the 0. B. U., the principles of
i that organisation, and everything
j that could possibly lead him to give
[ vent to any opinions which would
liable them to refuse him admit-
■ lance to the United States. Mr.
Kavanagh, in the courso of the investigation, pointed out to tho fmmigration inspector that to allow McVety and Bengough to cross over,
and to provent him from so doing iu
faco of the'situation which had developed, would bo showing discrimination. This was denied by the im*
migration inspector. The investiga
tion continued for one hour and s
quarter, and covered almost every
phase of the 0. B. TJ. and trade
union activities. Mr. Kavanagh
was then told to leave tho room
while they discussed his case, and
on being called in, was told by the
immigration officer that they were
going to let him over as they' did
net think it would be fair not to
do so under the circumstances. Mr.
Kavanagh then asked the immigration inspector if he had not been
put up to this by McVety. This the
immigration inspector donied.
Mr. McVety then rose and stated
that this was the first time any insinuation of this character had been
made against him by Mr. Kavanagh,
and that it was not true; that wbat
had happened was that Mr. Bengough, being in Victoria, had phoned
to McVety, asking him to arrange
for the necessary permits to go over
to Seattle. McVety had phoned the
immigration inspector, making an
appointment for 11 o'clock, so that
he could got tho business transacted
as speodily as possible, that he had
gone down there, got his card, and
eame out again. Mr. Kavanagh
then pointed out to the meeting that
it was very peculiar that arrangements of this character could be
made, and desired to know how
many of- the membership of Lodgo
79 were in such a position that they
eeuld make speeial appointments
with immigration inspectors and get
thcir permits granted without having to go through the routine passed
through by ordinary mortals.
Mr. Kavanagh then went on to
■(Continued OB Jjage I)
I
REDUCE H. C. OF L
Workers Will Tackle the
Job Themselves by
Co-operatiorj.
There are a whoi(pj0v Ublftt*
Vancouver who ha' --v, op their
minds that it's no use expecting the
state to reduce the cost of living.
Ono momber of the organizing committee of the Vancouver Co-operative
Society obtained 75 signatures in
the course of fivo days and these
were not obtained at any of the
meetings that the committee is ad-
■dressing. Bylaws for tho society
were drawn up this week and other
items are slowly being worked into
shapo for the opening of the first
real workers' eo-oporativo store in
Vancouver. The committee is in
communication with thc other coops, in B. 0. and elsewhere and with
the help of these and the knowledge
possessed by thoso who are back of
the society here, we are almost certain of having a business that will
not only sell the best food and
clothing that can be obtained for
the money, but will be able to pay
back a purchasing dividend that
will open tho eyes of quite a few
people. Boost for the 1000 membership. Everyone get one. Turn your
names in to tho Vancouver Co-operative Society, 301 Dominion Building,
or to the secretary, H. W. Watts,
405 Dunsmuir Street.
. Woods Appointed Organizer for Vancouver's first Unit
In spite of all the people who say
that the O. B. U. is dead, Vancouver Unit No, 1 of that organization,
comprising Boilermakers, Blacksmiths and Machinists, is still flourishing. Permanent headquarters
•have been secured at 152 Cordova
Street East, in the old Knox
Church, and J, Woods, who was until the split an executive officer of
Local 104 Boilermakers, has been
appointed organizer.. His office
hours are from 0 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Those desirous of being supplied
with information as to the new organization, can securo samo by
dropping Organizer Woods a lino.
0. B. U. LOCATED
Labor Party Excursion to
Horseshoe Bay by
Moonlight
Comrade Wells will. occupy the
Federated Labor Party platform on
Sunday evening noxt. The subject
should prove of considerable interest, "Is a Canadian Revolution
Possible f" With charges of sedition, seditious activity and seditious
conspiracy floating in the official atmosphere it should prove an opportunity to discover what the views
of a"sane" labor man aro on this
and allied questions. Mr. Wells'
home was amongst those recently
subjected to an early-mom ing raid,
while his office at the samo timo was
forcibly entered and ransacked by
order of people who appear to bc
"seeing things" in such a distorted
way as to suggest mental astigmatism. Mr. Wells will bo calculated
to give a cool, well-thought out and
deliberate setting forth of his case,
and that in spite of the peculiar experiences that "law and order" has
perpetrated upon him recently.
To Horseshoe Bay (Whytocliffe) by
water in the moonlight is tho programme for Friday, August 8. The
boat, West Vancouver No. 5, leaves
the ferry wharf at 7.15 and returns
at 11.45, giving an hour for dancing
-in the pavilion at Horseshoe Bay.
Moon is guaranteed and the tickets
are 75c each.
SWITCHMEN ASK INCREASE
The Switchmen's Union of North
America has presented a new wage
agreement to the board of railroad
wages and working conditions at
calls for $7.70 per day for foremen
Washington, D. C. The new scale
add $7.20 per day for helpers. The
scale for night work calls for $8.20
per night for foremen and $7.70 per
night for helpers. In all places
where the present scale Is higher
than this an Increase of $2 per day
over the existing rate is called for.
Eight hour day. Time and half for
overtime.
Pressmen Hake Gains
Pressmen's Home, Tenn.—Nearly
two pages1 of the American Pressmen, official journal of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' union, aro necessary to list recent gains by locals of this organization. Every section of the country
and every unit of tho international
is represented in a report of continuous wage increases, shortening of
hours and improved working conditions,
Standard Oil Strike
Long Island City, N. Y.—Several
hundred employees of a Standard oil
plant here suspended work when the
eompany refused to raise wages 11
oents an hour. Officials point to thcir
pension fund and sick benefit association, but the strikers say these
are only "abstract thingB" and that
they want more money for tha hard
work of making containers for oil
shipments abroad.
1HLWAYTHDES0F
'PEG GIVE $1000
T0 0.BJ.
i>e6.    ba  Workers   Are
Joining in Large
Numbers
Calgary and Vancouver
Keep Adding to
Membership
It is well that an ever-increasing
number of workers read the news
that is published in tho daily press
with the knowledgeg that all news
concerning the labor movement is
generally fixed up for the speeial
purposo of defeating the aims of
labor. Stories about the O. B. U.
appear to be the order of the day,
but it is by no means a boost for
that organization. But because tho
workers do not expect the capitalist
rags to boost it, and in fact do not
want them to boost it, tho O. B. U.
continues to gain in membership.
Tho growth in British Columbia is
exceptionally good, but thc strides
that are being made in Manitoba
are of a very cheering nature. In
fact, supplies are no sooner despatched from the offico of Victor Midgley, national secretary of the
O, B. V'., than an order for more
comes into the office.
Bailway Trades Donato $1000
The Federated Bailway TradeB of
Winnipeg forwarded a thousand
dollar chequo this week to the secretary. The Boilermakers and Sheet
Metal Workers have gone over practically 100 per cent. Many other
unions arc expected to act favorably
upon tho matter as soon as the disorganization caused by tho recent
strike, has been straightened out
sufficiently to enable them to make
a move without fear of discrimination.'1 The workers in other parts of
Manitoba are joining the O. B. U.
iu ever-increasing numbers.
Calgary doing Strong
The Trades and Labor Couneil of
Calgary hns appointed a secretary to
handle thc affairs of the O. B. U.
and everything pointB to a strong
organization for this city in the
vory near future, with more workers in the ranks of orgnnized labor
than tho city ever had before. .
The appoarance of international
officers of the U. M. W. of A. and
thcir hobnobbing with union
smashers has not only given a boost
to tho O. B. U. but will havo the
effect of strengthening tho desires
of tho miners to got out of the A.
F. of L. organization for all time.
President Christophers is now organizing for thc O. B. U.
Butchers Favor O. B. TJ.
A. Farmilo, A. F. of L. organizor,
who queered himself while secretary
of thc Edmonton Trades and Labor
Council, addressed a moeting of thc
Vancouver Butchers I Union this
week and in spite of his defense for
thc A. F. of L. only succeeded in
helping thc butchers to endorse tho
O. B. U.
Tho Teamsters, Chauffeurs and
Warehousemen's unit of tho 0. B. U.
will meet every Wednesday in the
Labor Temple. Tbo offices are located in thc same office as formerly
occupied by the A. F. of L. local
Pi
Elect Committee to Cover
AU Branches in Which
They Work
At the business meeting of tho
Engineers, Firemen nnd Oilers of the
O. B. U., hold on Monday Inst, tho
following members were elected ns
an organization committee to carry
on organization and educational
work along industrial lines among
tho workers in the various branches
of industry -where members of tho
union are employed.
General construction work, Geo.
Riley; manufacturing, A. K. Daykin;
mining, R. F. Pctrie; saw and shinglo mills, H, Longley and A. Russell;
refrigerating, G. W. Gilbert; fishing
industry, cannery department—Owing to no member of the union being
present at the meeting who follows
up cannery work, the election of a
representative for this department
was laid over,
Tho committee is to meet every
1st and 3rd Wednesday.
Arrangements have beon made
with tbo Mill Workers Unit to hold
a joint executive mooting with the
engineers to discuss the' mattor of
amalgamation, and it is expected in
the very near future to have all the
workers in mills organized as a unit
in the 0. B. U.
Tho entertainment committee,
which was recently appointed, reported very favorably on tho matter of an entertainment they propose
to stage on Labor Day, and should
the plans they have under wny meet
with success, any member who misses
attending will no doubt havo missed
one of tho best entertainments given
by a local union of this size in tho
city. It is proposed to publish further details of the entertainment
when the plans of the committee are
more fully matured.
In spito of the recent attempt on
the part of .the moneyed interests,
backed by tho state to Crush organized labor, this union is more virilo
than ever, and although the treasury got a hard knock in the recent
striko, there are still sufficient funds
forthcoming from members to curry
on the business of the union, and
also a little over to assist others in
distress, and a donation was ordered
forwarded to Winnipe- U »*»is> im
The Handwriting on the Wall. Juat Before Feeding Time, Too.
THE FEDERATIONIST FINNISH BUTCHER
WANTS YOU 1
. TO
Increased Circulation Has
Dug Deep Into Its
Finances
Workers Were Murdered
•by Thousands in
Civil War
The Purchasing Power of (White Guard Officers Had
Readers Can Be of
Great Help
The B. C. Federationist bas the
second largest circulation of any
daily or weekly newspapor in the
Province of British Columbia. Besides that, tho renders of this paper
aro in the habit of handing it over,
to thcir neighbors after they aro
through with it.
A great majority of these readers*
swear by Tha Federationist. It is
one of tho very fow mediums through
which Labor can express its sentiments and desires. If it is not yet a
powerful weapon of tho workers, it
is not tho fault of those whose energies aro expended iu getting it out.
During the past year tho growth,
of tho paper has been rapid and
thore is every indication that this
will continue, and that in the near
future, its circulation will push its
way to the first place in the Province.
In thc meantime, however, our fin-
anccs hns not had tho tendency to
increase with the circulation. The
subscription price hns been kept
down to as low a level as possiblo in
ordor to aid in increasing the circulation. With tho increase in circulation wc had hoped to induce merchants to advertise for thc support
of organised labor. Two things, however, havo happened. In the first
place, a great many merchants have
been persuaded to withdraw thoir
advertising, because it is ono wny of
crippling an adversary. In tho second place, there are a great many of
our readers who aro not conscious of
tho neods of tho paper for advertising from merchants, hence they do
not use their purchasing power judi
ciously.
There should be no need to raise'
the subscription price, but we will
bo compelled to do this unless our
readers turn their purchasing pow-cr
into the channels that will increaso
the finances of tho paper.
Start in today. Cut out our list of
advertisers and patronize them, ajid
tell them why you patronise thein.
Ask your merchant to advertise -in
thc paper, and help encourage those
who aro now advertising to increase
the sizo of their advertisement.
Workers Obtain rrocdom(?)
Among the union workers who
went out at the timo of the sympathetic strike and who have since
been discriminated against are the
Freight Handlers' Association. Approximately seventy per cent, of the
men who camo out at that time failed to get taken back by the C. P.
B. Of course tbis is a freo country
and this is how tho workers obtain
their freedom.
Teamsters and Truck Drivers
At a mass meeting of the General Teamsters and Truck Drivers
Union held last evening in the Labor Temple, it wae decided to form
signing up and an application has
International local, over 100
gone forward for a charter. All old
members of local 655 who are desirous of keeping their International affiliations should get In touch
with J. F. Poole, Business Agent,
or apply at the ofllce, Boom 209,
Labor Temple.
paying tho expenses of the trial of
the workers and representatives of
Labor who were arrested and thrown
into prison in Winnipeg recently for
advocating democracy.
Any member who fails to receive
a copy of Tho Federationist should
take tho matter up with Seoretary
W. A. Alexander, as the union subscribes in a body for thia paper, and
all members in good standing should
WtUViXVQ a jam******1-
GOVERNMENT IS
E
TEE TAKES UP
ALBOJftSE
Appeal Will Be Made from
Recommendation of
Authorities
Great Hatred for
Women
Action Abo Taken in Caae
of Russians Arrested
Locally
Tke loeal defence eomtaittoo, up-
pointed aome little time (go, ia find-
ins lota of work to do, Tke committee ii composed of representatives of tke B. C. Federation of Labor, tke Vancouver Tradea and Labor Couneil, tke Federated Labor
Party and tke Socialist Party of
Canada. In addition to tke case of
tbe loeal men arreeted, tke committee
ia looking after tke defence of Borneo Albo, an Italian, wko was arrested some little time ago at Lethbridge. Albo kaa been tried by tke
Immigration authorities, and recommended for deportation by them, Tke
caeo ia being appealed, and Mr. Oat-
Innd, legal representative of Diatrict
18 miners, ia going at once to Ottawa in connection witb tke appeal.
Mr. Ostlund saya witnesses, both for
tbe crown and the defenee, gave
very satisfactory evidence for Albo,
and tkat tke only evidence against
kirn waa taken from articles that
Albo had written for The Fedorationist, and some Italian papers in
the United States. If Albo ia to bc
deported for what has appeared over
his signature in Tho Federationist,
then no individual who writes letters
to it are aafe from deportation, and
in view of the fact that nothing ia
allowed in the columns of The Fedorationist that docs not comply with
tho law, tho only crime of Albo
would appear to be that of advocating the O. B. TJ. Albo is an extremely capable man, and can apeak
seven languages, and in no way can
he be considered an undesirable.
The committee is alao dealing with
tho caae of the fonrteen Russians
who are being held by the authorities bere. No complaint has been
laid against theso men, wkick is contrary to tke recent amendment to
tko Immigration Act, wkich provides
for men being arrested and tried
undor that Act on information laid,
but so far as ean be learned, no complaint waa laid agalnit them.
President Kavanagh, of the B. C.
Federation of Labor, took the matter
up with Mr. Bird, of Bird, Mai-don
aid le Company, who kas wired to
EAST IS IJ
UP WITH WEST
Toronto Labor Elections
Show Drift of
Workers
Labor in Winnipeg and Toronto
bave occupied advance ground. In
Winnipeg it is kolding out for tke
One Big Union idea. Although Toronto has not yet stated where it
atanda on thii question, the recent
elections to the Trades and Labor
Council was a victory for the advanced wing. One Toronto daily, with
whom prohibition has becomo an obsession, interpreted the Toronto Labor election returna, in bold headlines, as a victory for prohibition,
but the significance of the new blood
on tho Toronto Tradee and Labor
Couneil ia the step forward to bring
Labor more into line with Weitern
Labor.
Tho Labor trouble in Winnipeg
only becamo dangerous in tke eyes
ef the governmont at Ottawa when
it developed tke idea of united political action. In England we find tke
same feeling of apprehension expressed by Mr. Winston Churchill, who
publicly bewails the fact tbat thero
ia a possibility of Labor coming into
power. So he calls on all good men
who regard iuch a contingency witk
horror to line up bolide the Lloyd
Goorge Coalition Oovernment and
save tke Empire.—Toronto States-
Coughlan's Shop Committee Is Turned Down
by Council
At the meeting of the Metal
Trndes Council held Wednesday
evening a lengthy discussion was
held over tho subject of the shop
committeo in the shipbuilding yard
of Coughlan's. The discussion took
place over tho personnel of the shop
committoe proposed by the Coughlan
firm and it waa finally decided that
the council would withdraw its shop
committee, turn down the shop com- been.
.... :     *.-.      ..       ■.      . .   *-:.. ..
THOSE ITS
Organizer Farmilo Asks
for Charter, and Seal
of Central Body
Organizing Committee Ii
Appointed — Investigation of Labor Bureaus
Last night's meeting of tke Van*
couver Trades and Labor Couneil
will be looked baek on aa an epoek
in tke labor movement. From tko
very commencement tko air .was
charged with expectancy, and tk*
delegates were not dieapjointed.
Organizer Farmilo informing tke
council tkat he would be compelled
to aak for tke ckartor and seals of
the council. Tko firat matter
brought beforo tho couneil waa a
letter from Organiser Farmilo asking tko following information: Has
the council assisted in the organisation of the 0. B. U. and if tho
couneil kad adopted tke constitution
of the O. B. U., and were auppliea
being purchased from that organisation 1 The seeretary was instructed
to reply ia the affirmative.
Hudson's Bar Oompany
The executive recommended tkat
the FederationiBt be requested to
carry a writo up, urging preferential
treatment of all storei except tk*
Hudson's Bay stores. Tke recommendation was adopted..
Business Agent Kavanagh reported on his visit to the Seattle Machinists, a full report of which appears in another column in this
issue. He also reported on tko organizing of tho general workera, aad
atated that "in hia opinion tko organising of theae workers would
have to be done on tke job. Beporting on tke mass meeting in tke Avenue on Tuesday evening, held to
protest against the action of tke air
thorities in arresting loeal Russian
residents, and taking proceedings
against them under amendments to
thc Immigration Act, he stated that
it wos a.disappointing meoting ia
view of the fact tkat it was not as
well attended aa it   should   have
LONDON, July 30.—The defeat ot
Genera] Mannerheim, the strong -.„-,,-•
n(an of Finland, ln the presidential •»>■• J- A. Calder, minister of the In*
election, strikes a blow at the Bus- tenor, protoating againat thc pro-
aihn cause and is regarded as a vic-|ceodmgs, and aaking for a trial in
tory for Bolshevism. Karl Stahl- open court. At tbe meeting of the
berg has been elected tbe first I Defence committeo hold on Weduos-
president of the Finnish Republic, day night, it was decided to request
The election was devoid of excite
ment, since the arrangement made
among the Social democrats, agrarians and progressive parties rendered the result a foregone conclusion. The'-votlng by the deputies
of the diet was: Stahlberg, 143;
Mannerinan, 50; Tanner, Social Democrat, 1; Rolander, 1.
The following letter received by
the Federationist from a man in
Tammafors, Finland, practically
gives the reaaon for the change ln
government, and speaks wonders
for the solidarity of the Finnish
workers when one considers the
thousands that were done to death
by the White Guards and the Huns.
A Human Slaughter Houie
was captured by the White
Guards after being wounded at the
battle of MeBsukyla and was held
a prisoner for eight months. We
would never have been beaten had
It hot been for the 12,000 German
.butchers that the White Guards got
to help them. At the end of the
war 80,000 workers were arrested
and of these about 40,000 were
either killed or starved to death.
At tlie jail at Tammerfors where 1
was, the death rato from starvation
reached as high as seventy-five per
day. The bodies were taken out to
the graves ln manure carts, dumped
Into the holes and covered up. In
some caaea men and women who
had been beaten Into unconsciousness hy the guards were thrown
into thoae wagons with the dead
and sometimes on the way to the
graves or after they had been
dumped into the holes, the victims
would show signs of consciousness
and this would be tbe signal for
the officers to end their existence
(Continued on page 8)
Teamsters,
Chauffeurs and
Warehousemen
An open meeting of
men engaged at the
above crafts will be
held on Wednesday,
August 6, for organisation purposes. You
are heartily invited.
■_*^«..«.l».a ■«■«.t-a- > ■!■ t iiMM'itii
Mr. Bird to act oo bohalf of these
men, and an appeal for funds to
carry on tho defence of workers arrested under the amendment to the
Immigration Act, or any other law,
for supposedly political offenses is
being issued. Money will be needed
to take eare of the defense of tho
men already arrested, and to provide
for futuro cases, which will no doubt
arise, as thc government seems determined to carry on an active campaign against any workers who have
taken an active part in the Labor
movement, or who have any sympathy with the new democracy in
Russia.
J.
IS WILL BE
Telephone Operators Will
Be There With Song
and Dance
Have you mndo arrangements to
bo at the big moonlight excursion
and dance which is boing planned
by the Telephone Operators' Local
Union 77A for next Friday eveningt
Every telephone girl who can get
away will bo on ihe boat and they
are all practising on the latest songs
in order to make the boat trip onc
that will long be remembered.
And as for the dnneing, well, anybody who tripped the light fantastic
with thorn at their dunces during
the winter can vouch for the fairy
stuff that these girls are made of
and will want lo bc at the big
Bowon Island pavilion on this occasion. The tickets are only $1 and
can be obtained from thc B. C. Federationist nnd tho Union Hnll at 440
Pender Street Wost. And by tho
way, let us inform you that' there
are only 1000 tickets and they are
going fast.
Further donations received by the
local -since last report for their
strike benefit fund are as follows:
Laundry Workers -dancc.-t 144.00
Plumbers Union    50.00
Milk Drivers and Dairy Employees
This industrial union continues to
make progress, having signed up a
cloned shop agreement with tho
Fraaer Valloy, Turners and tbo Valley dairies. These aro the only
dairies recognized as boing fair to
organized labor. Steves Dairy was
put on the unfair list, as Mr. Nelson,
the owner, refuses to employ union
men and ordered tho organizer off
the premises. Readers will please
take notice and act accordingly.
Are Tou a Desirable Have
Among tho many firms who are ia
the habit of demanding the pedigree of all whom thoy employ is Pat
Boras k Co. Before obtaining n job
from this firm it seems as though
one roust givo their life history a*
a slave and thc reasons for desiring
to obtain a change of masters if it
so happens that one da-aired or wm
given a change,
AT HE EMPRESS
He stated that tbis was in
mittee proposed by Coughlan1! a_d|bi» option due to the fact that tto
advise the various unions working workera were apattotie and. tt*t
in the yard to form a tOiop eommit*\tbey did not understand tto **»
tee of their own, composed of one «*ncc of tto question. He stato*
man from eaeh organization, and 1 that trial oy jury had .vwanfeMK*
that said committee shall elect a looked npon as the right ot Brill*
convener" who shall call the com- eubjeeta, and that »f thev take any
mittee together whenever necessary. man wd without .trial by j»nr
' deport him, then all our so-called democracy was destroyed. He pointed
out that in a trial by jury publicity
was given to what was going on,
and it was necessary that this pub'
a _- -msss m_m_m_ml^e^y should prevail for tho work
ers to understand just what was being done.
Dealing with the relief funds; he
stated that thero was very little
money left, and recommended that
this fund be closed and the balance
turned over to the council. Dol.
Midgley asked a question as to relief money being used by the council, to which Del. Kavanagh replied
that thc council had given some
♦IMO to tho relief fund, and that
when thc strike committee had disbanded all accounts of the committee
were not paid, and the committee
had handed to the relief committee
some $178, and so it was not a matter of strike relief funds being used
by thc council,
Del. Midgley reported that the defense committee was issuing au appeal for funds to aid in thc dofenso
of thc Russian workers, and Romeo
Albo of Trail, who had been ordered
deported by the authorities, and
against whieh decision an appeal
was being carried to the Minister of
the Interior at Ottawa.
Will Deal With the Cause
of Existing: Social
Conditions
The Socialist Party of Canada will
hold its usual propaganda nieeting
ntxt Sunday at 8 p.m. The speaker,
who has had a long experience in
the Labor movement, and whose reputation is known throughout Canada and tho United States, will doal
with existing social conditions, laying bare the cause, and pointing out
thc course which must be followed
by the workers, so thut they may
escape an ever-increasing measure of
poverty and degradation. It should
bc looked upon as a duty by those
who toil for a living, to attend those
educational meetings of the Socialist
Party, for thc need is great.
Our masters cannot, help us; a readjustment of the social system-
alone will suffice; nn enlightened
working class can and will bring this
change about.   Get busy!
Quostions nnil discussion nfter the
talk.
Meat Cutters and Butchers
The regular meeting of the Ment
Cutters and Butchers' Union will be
held on Tuesday, August 5, in the
Labor Temple and business of importance will bc taken ijp. Things
Brc moving vory fast these dnys so
it is np to the membership io attend
the meetings and keep in touch with
thc progress and activity u_f the
local.
H. O. of L. Will Stick
Now York.—Tho mnn who expects
to see Mr. H, C. of L. retire will be
disappointed according to a state*
ment issued by the Merchnnts association. The opinion is expressed
that price* and wagos will remain
at their present high levels indefinitely, if they do not mount higher.
Thc housing outlook is discouraging,
it is stnted, because of a failure to
build. Thc association makes two
recommendations—onc not to worry
landlords who nre charging high
rents, nud the other to exempt from
federal taxation thc incomo from
mortgages up to $40,000. The workers, of course, arc blamod for building costs, and it is suggested that
the determination of organized labor
to maintain those rules will be successful, though they violate the
"low of supply and demand."
Indianapolis — American mine
workers produce thc cheapest coal in
the world, work longer hours and receive a smaller percentage of their
product than do European miners,
says Robert H. Harlln, statistician
ef thc United States Mine Workers
of America. "Tho individual American coal miner," he says, "produces from two to threo times ns
much coal per working day as the
coal minor of Oreat Britain or continental Europe."
Co-operators in tke State of Washington are now launching aq $100,-
000 wholesale tooifc
Audit Beport
Thc audit committee reported that
the books of the council bad been
audited and everything found correct. The committee also reported
that the strike committee funds,and
the reliof fund receipts and expenditure had been gonu into, and that
erythiug wns correct, there being
only a mistake of 9)2 iu addition.
Thc report ot the commit*t-ee was
adopted.
Farmilo Addresses Oouncll
At this point Organizer Farmilo
was granted the floor for thc purposo of addressing the council. He
stated that it was not his intention
to take up much of the time of the
council, thnt he was there to transact the business he was sent to. do
for the Trades Congress of Canada
and the American Federation
of Labor. Continuing, he said
that it was . not necessary to
go into the merits or the
demerits of the attitude of the coun*
cil, as he was aware that the delegates Were prepared and know
whero the council wus heading, and
that he was there on a strictly business proposition. He stated that tho
council was chartered by ths Trades
Congress of Canada and tho American Federation of Labor, and naturally when it became hostile, or becomes a party to the organization of
nnother organization with similar
ideals, or, ns expressed by the council, different ideals, that thc hat
was thrown down by tho council,
nnd it was his duty to take chargo
of thc charters nnd seals of the coun*
il so that they eould carry on another council under tho laws and
regulations of the organization and
there was only ono course fer him
to adopt, and that was to ssk the
secretary to hand over the charter.
He then handed tho sscretary tho
following statement:
"To All Loyal  Members of Inter*
national local unions in the City
of Vancouver.
"L tho authorised deputy of tho
American Federation of Labor, and
the Trades aud Labor Congress of
Canada, shall proceed to carry out
instructions of lho aforementioned
bodies, nnd tbe regular meeting ot
tho Vancouver Trades and Lator
XCoatiaueft on tags *; PAGE TWO
ELEVENTH YEAB.   N*. II
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
-.       -•*•-« . .	
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
FRIDAY..,
—grot .1, mi
$30 $35  $40
Men's High GradeSuits
$21°°
AN   EXTRAORDINARY   CLEARANCE
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
raiSB   MEAT   BEFAaTMEK*
No, 1 Steer Boiling BMf, lb 12'/.«
Mo.  1 Slaw Briaket Be.l, lb IW
*No.  1 Stan: Pot Bout, from, lb.-.17c
Mo.   1  Staer  Oven Hoist,   fron   par
Ib.   Att
St-Ur'i Slleri Ktttakr   Baton,   par
Ib.   „  Ha
Btal*-r'l   Sliced  Streaky   Bacoo,    par
Ib. Ma
Slattr'e    Slice!    Baok    Bacoa,    par
lb. aoe
Slatw'a Slionl Bon Bene, lb .Me
raaatt local lamb
_ I_uab S«aw,  lb _ 	
16a
Laiaa Ueal I**—k, lb _
Ltca Looal Laiab, lb. 	
Sk-mUtr L-taal tank, lb.
...M'/_e
,'.„.JIa
■-.as Vie
riOllIO  HAM  SPK1IAL
Piiwit    Flcnia    Hama,    weinh'at
from 4 lo 0 ha. Sic. __J_T' "
45o lb, Saturday onlr
HMK  DirABTHIllI
Slattr'a Bit Labol Tta. lb.  45a
Nabob Boat Tm   lb. ......Ma
Park aal teat-, I lor SM
Bar-Una, » IW : Wa
Alborta Fresb Egge, doioa .
Alborta Frosb £|gl. doioa .
B. 0. Freak Ef (a   doioa 	
 .SOe
..._70e
TrtTEOAR   SWKSIA1
Nabob P»»o  Malt   Tinogar,   nf.
Mo battle, Saturday 3(V>
oaljr, quart  - ~
BAOK BAOOB SPECIAL
Flnaat Baok Bacon, aaaokad, rag*
•Oa.   Salordaj* onlr,   47U-_>
wkolo  or  kail,   Ib ^*7tf
Fiaeat Canadian Okaaaa, lb. 31a
Fiaeat Bool Dripping, lb. 85c
Flaoat Puro Lard, Ib  400
Fineat Loaf Lard, lb.   Slo
Ceieoa, tia	
Laandrr Saat. 0 'or —	
Sulfckt Saap. 4 lor ._.
WareeeteMb-re Sanoo, I far .
,...tta
..Me
...Me
OOMPODMD    SPECIAL
Ftoaat  Coaipoand   L****_,    tag.   I
lba. far lie, Saturdar     35*
oaly. lb.   —  •*"■*■-■-
Limit 4 lba.
THREE BIG STORES
OraniBe I
_!_«____; i
tS* draw
IIS _
The— Oty. IM
Flan Sen >M
nans Fait. INS
Take Advantage of Oar Free Delivery
 _ .	
f
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS ANO JMPOBTEBS
Dry Goods, Oents' Furnishings
VICTORIA, B. 0.
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Eto.
Factory organised under "United Oarment Workers of Amnio*'*
THStt.To8ERnFY.TiM this am mumit «s_—tu i*
accoraano «*h tm rubs of lta AimtniMMSl Ami C«Ur»
Md Batxhti Wmaaam ot Norm America, A, **. at L
i ft to tl* patronage of _,,
tutiinmeawoaaimiaasoothanaatea,a.a of u
f.aagy-s-j—rjg.vRgTl o—u —-
i ■        .,   11w»   i    i      v
The Above Card Displayed in Batchers'
Stores Denotes That Union Men Are Employed:
Tke following butchers are worthy of every consideration bf
membera of organized labor. "Show thie td. to yonr wifo," Onlf
flrat clus meat at reasonable prices is handled by thoae itoree:
WW MAMET  .430 Robson St.   Soy. 3919
TBWOH MABKET  ...JOA Vernon Drln
MAT CBOCKEB _ 801V. Campbell Ave.   High. 110
B. L. PASSES   .786—39ttt Ato. Eaet   Praser 127
L X la MARKET ....lWS-fth West.   Bay. 110
BBSBSrORD'S FISH MABSBT....1747 OonsMRlsl Or.   High. 438
DEVON MARKET        4690 Fraser Ave.   Pair. STS
OEO. ATERS' MARKET.. ...207 Joyce Road.   Colllngwood 124
E
Don't Take Chances
on Your Shoes
Many shoes present a nice appearance and
show np an right till you gst tbem on root
tost Thoa you Ind th* leather quality Is ut
then.
Goodwin's
Good Shoes   I
Are bought frota honeit shoe craftsmen. They repreient 1*0 per
cent, value to tho fortunate wearer. THB PRICES ABB NEVER
INFLATED.
FOR AN HONEST UNION-MADE SHOE CONSULT 08
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 HASTINGS ST. EAST
Manchester  Launches  a
"Hands Off Russia"
Movement
Manchester, Eng. — Manchi.-i.t-er
has definitely launched a movement
for putting an end to British intervention in Bussia with its corollary
of military and industrial conscription in Britain.
The step was takon with deliberation and enthusiasm, and as the decision of a representative conference, convened by tho Manchester
and district "Hands Off Russia"
committee, which was attended by
trnde union delegates and representatives of many workers' organizations.
It was vociferously endorsed by a
crowded and memorable -demountration in the Free Trade Hall in the
evening.
At the afternoon conferenco a res-
olution waa passed demanding that
the government should ceaso armed
intervention in all the Russia*, recall
Ihe Britiah troops there, raise the
starvation blockade, and withhold
assistance from any of the reaction*
tries,
Daily Herald's Great Work
Let Manchester rally the Britiih
Isles, said Bobert Williams. Whatever the Daily Herald could do, in
creating the necessary mental preparedness to St in with the economic preparedness, ht assured them
Vould be done.
"Go on making the trade unions
the embryonic Soviets," was hia advice, "and then get your national
convention in somo central placo
Uke Manchester. Be prepared when
you do move," was Mr. Williams'
note of caution.
Ovation for Bob Smltii-a
Bobert Smillie'a rising wa* a
memorable occasion. Men and women arose to their feet, waving
handkerchiefs and hats, and cheering wildly. Someone hailed him
"First President of the Bepublic of
England."
He stigmatized British action in
Bussia as our greatest crime, and declared that any action was justifiable to end it.
The meeting broko up with the
singing of "The Bed Flag," and it
was never so heartily anng before in
the Fre* Trade Hall.
KOLCHAK AHD FORMA-
TION Or DEMOCRACY
Tk* AIUm Cannot Say that Kol-
ehack Has Accepted
Their Terms
The Allies profess to be satisfied
with Kolchak's reply, '' whieh
seems to them to be ln the main in
accord with the proposals made."
For a diplomatic document that is
almost candid. It means that with
the best wiU in tho world the Allies
cannot say that Kolchak has accepted their conditions. It appears now
from the correspondence that the Allies did not offer to "recognize"
Kolchak, but only to assist Kolchak and his associates with munitions, supplies and food to establish
themselves as tho government of All
Bussia. Ono might suspect that they
wanted Kolchak to give them a
document which thoy could show to
their peoples to refute the charge
that they were working to set up a
reactionary government in Russia.
They have not got precisely the document they would have liked, but
they are trying to make it serve, and
on tho strength, of it they are promising Kolchak to continue their
help. Kolchak's letter will hardly
servo to remove the widespread conviction in Allied countries that tho
triumph of Kolchak would mean
tho triumph of the counter-revolution. Only thia week the Italian
sailors have, it appears, forced the
Italian government to undertake not
to send any more munitions or supplies to Kolchak and his friends—
this although Signor Orlando is one
of the signatories to the letter in
which the Allied loaders promise
Kolchak continued assistance. The
Allies declare their desire to restore
peace to Bussia as soon as possible
under democratic conditions, Thero
is clearly no short cut to peace via
Kolchak, and the Allied rulers
know in their hoart of hearts that
the road to democracy docs not He
through Kolchak.—Manchester Guardian.
Essential Russian Democracy
At tbl Paataiei
Mirth, melody and dancing will
hold the top line position in the new
array ot vaudovill* talent at tk*
Pantages Monday afternoon.
The principal attraction of the
woek will be "Her Left Shoulder,"
comody musical farce, featuring
Charles Lnruiiicrs, Babette Winifred
and company, including a dashing
chorus.
For tho added feature, Manager
Pantages has arranged for the first
appearance here of the famous Zieg-
ler Sisters and thcir jazz band in
their conception of late dances and
syncopation.
Kosa Valyada, in a song surprise,
is expected to bo another drawing
card for the bill.
Cramer, Barton and Sparling fun-
makers, will appear in their latest
mixture of songs, dances and patter.
Bell and Eva, the latter a pretty
and winsome maid, will be seen in
thoir humorous sketch, "At the Soda
Fountain."
Stewart and Olive will bo seen In
aon* of the sew Broadway songs and
dances. "•
■ Oar Men Balse Wages
Boston.—An arbitration board has
awarded an eight-hour daly and wage
increases to striking employen of
the Boston elevated railway systom.
Bates aro advanced up to 01 cents
an hoar, and wtl data back to May
1. Union officials declare it ie the
bost wago scale in America for
street transportation workers.
Macon, Oa.*—A one-day itrik* of
Macon Bailway and Light eompany
platform men resulted in recognition
of the Streot Car Men's union, a
lO-hotur day aad a wage rat* that
ranger frota 30 to 40 oents an hour.
Former ratea wore fraa M to il
cents.
Whet* is your union button!
[By Vladislav B. Savie] j      '
Author of "Southeastern Eui-jpe;"
Formerly head of tha Fresh Bureau in the Serbian Foreign Office.
I first visited Russia In 19M.
Those were the days of autocracy,
yet the first thing that struck toe in
Russia was the freedom of speech.
Everybody said, what he wished on
any subject. I traveled ln Russia
from the Russian border to Finland
and trom Warsaw to Samara, and
the tact of the freedom of apeech
and thought in Russia stood paramount. All Institutions, social and
politieal, in Rusaia and elsewhere
were undergoing a searching criticism. The discussions were marked by a degree ot tolerance unusual
in Europe. Men of very different
walks of life, students and professors, man and women, Mined* and
ignorant, all spoke freely. Nobody
tried to avoid an argument by shlld-
ing himself behind soma acknowledged authority.
Then, I never felt I was a foreign,
er in Russia. In the beginning 1
attributed thta to the circumstance
that I was a Slav myself, that I
spoke Russian, that had read Russian authors in the original, and
therefore, waa able to fit myself
more quickly than others to the Rus*
stan moral atmosphere. Later on
I learned that that wu not the ease.
I met Englishmen, Germans, and
Frenchmen, representing very different mental and moral aptitudes,
and they always confirmed my observation that only ln Russia had
they never felt themselves foreigners and were never treated as such.
I remembered how ln Paris a foreigner was never admitted Into the
intimacy of French life and society.
A Frenchman associates himself
with foreigners only to be amused.
The superiority of French civlliza
tlon is ever present in his mind, and
ho condescendingly listen io a foreigner in order to get a new proof
ot how everything that Is nob Paris-
Ian is barbarian. The slightest foreign accent In your French makes
you a laughing stock of the young
ones and bring an ironical smile to
the lips of the elder Frenchmen.
InLondon nearly everything stupid
or had Is foreign. "A nasty foreign.
er" is commonly in the mouth of the
full-blooded Britisher. In Germany
a foreigner Is Invited into German
homes where a girl Is to be married; or a foreigner's Invitation is
accepted whenever they hope to get
a good dinner, or to-hreak a bottle
of champagne at his expense. Otherwise he Is reminded that "MAtsdh-
land urber Alles" I* a fact never fo
bc disputed. '■) "
In Russia this conacknaans of
national prominence and excellence
has never existed. In my experience the Russians were muoh
cllned to admire foreigners for th-flr
knowledge and their greater pall 1-
cal experience. For the Russians
the foreigner was always aa noiidr-
ed guest. The best way to ken »
him was never to make htm te A
that he was foreign among-then.
The Russians possessed in an il*
comparable degree the flne sensib 1*
Ity never to hurt a foreigner! ai d
also a characteristic aptitude jto, It
themselves Into ths moral situation of other people. This made
Rusaia a real cosmopolitan country,
and gave her an enormous power of
assimilation In spite ot the rigid-
ness and narrow-mindedness of the
Russian governmental system.
Therefore, Invariably all foreigners
could say that their beBt time, outside ot their own country, was is
Russia. A great Russian poet,
Tyutchev, has said, "Russia can't
be measured by yards, she can't be
surveyed by eyes, she can be understood only by loving hearts." It
this is true of Russia, it is true ot
all human beings. In Russia more
than elsewhere they applied that
measure to foreign persons aad
things. How many of us foreigners are willing or able to apply that
measure ot sympathy to Russian
things and situations!    *
I had read Russian books before
I went to Russia. I read them again
ln the Russion atmosphere. I found
that they were Interesting and enlightening, Just because they were
not "fiction" but the very realities
ot Russian life. The heroes ot those
admirable "Sketches ot a Hunter,"
by Turgenev, lived In Russia still In
1905.
If I venture an opinion bearing on
on the present Russian situation, It
Is that, whatever may be the deficiency and th* vices of th* preeent
Russian Government, the soviet In
Russia has com* to stay, for the
simple reason that lt has always
been there. The Russian mlr Is an
Institution older thsn Russia herself. Tbe mlr, characteristically
enough, Is the same word that
stands for world and tor peace. 1
the Russian people the world Is th*
same thing as peace and the same
thing as the common ownership ot
all land, that Is, ot all wealth. In
a Russian peasants mind tke reality of life cannot be separated from
peace and common ownership. War
and private property may seem
such a mind an ugly nightmare into
which humanity has been bedeviled
by some evil deity.
Every five years the whole, village was gathered ln the mlr, which
here.means an assembly. The .laid
was redlvtdod on the basis of tl
need of every family that foi-med
the mlr, that Is, the village.., And
the land thus divided was called
also the mlr. This Institution fornv
ed the background of all Russian
economic, social and moral lltp for
centuries,. '
Besides the mlr the Russian peasants decided on many of their at
fairs by soviet, or village assembly.
Whenever a Russian village ht,
about to undertake some stepti-td-
Ing to activity outside ot thett* 'village the peasant* would call a' special meeting and discuss the "-hatter. Nearly always three or tiara
hodoks, goes, were chosen and-'-lant
out Into the world to Investigate
and report on the matter. The hodoks would leave their village somewhere in springtime whan snow was
molting.' They would return la October when the snow reappeared,
and report to the Tiling* soviet on
their mission. In the following
springtime the villagers woald no*
dertnks action on the basis ot thtlr
report Those hodoks were always
Ullterat* peasants; but their honesty, their common sense and desire to se* and find out the tact*
la which their vlllog* was interested were marvelous. Only tke stu*
pidlty ot the Russian bureaucracy,
always Interfering with thom, prevented the village Soviets from Improving the lot of the Russian peasantry.
There was stilt another Imunrt-
snt social and economic institution
of the Russian people rarely or never heard of ln this country. The
Russian workmen, carpenters, masons, etc., mostly worked In the ar-
teyls or syndicates. Those arteyls
traveled trom their villages Into
towns all over Russia ln search of
work. If there waa work, say, for
thirty of them and there were fifty
In an arteyl, those thirty would
share their earnings with the
twenty unemployed. In that way
they avoided competition and developed a higher degree of solidarity and socaiblltty among themselves.
Another characteristic trait of
Russian village lite was their singing and musical choruses formed
on a cooperative basis. The choruses of different villages arranged
yearly competitive performances
like the athletic teams of th* best
English and American universities.
They were hired sometimes for festivities in the neighboring towns,
but really wert an Inseparable trait
ot daily village life. Just as much
of their toil was used In common,
so wer* their Joys and pleasures
socialized more thaa anywhere else
in Europe.
One should bear In mind that Individualism as practiced In western
countries was unknown and unsympathetic to the Russian conceptions
of good life. Just as much as the
social ideal ot an Anglo-Saxon is to
be independent, the social Ideal ot
a Russian was to be in harmony
with his group. Therefore the Russian democracy, It It ever should
come to be realized, must differ
from the western democracy just
as much as their national philosophy differs from the social philosophy of the western nations. If democracy is the government of the
people, by the people, for tho people, we must be ready to admit ln
Russia a democracy very different
from ours, as our forms may appear
to them arbitrary and artificial, and
therefore likely to bear fruit quite
different from that expected by sincere and enlightened democrat ot
other nationalities.—The Public.
Patronise Federationist   advertisers and tell them why you do so.
HOUR DAY
Inter - State Conference
Bring Matters of Importance to Labor
By the time this dispatch is being
read, the Australian Labor Interstate conference will be Bitting in
Sydnoy, and dealing with the matters referred to it from the various
atate branches of the Labor movement in Australia.
Among the matten to be dealt
with is a proposal to amend the Australian Defence Act, by deleting the
compulsory service clause, and thaa
leaving it optional* for cadets to
serve in the army. Three Australian
state conferences have already expressed a wish that thii should be
done. A motion for tko institution
of the recall is also to be discussed,
while another motion ass for a referendum of the Australian people on
the question .of unification, the abolition of state houaea of parliaments
and atate governors. Some ef the
state conferences ask for the holding
of a national conference to reconstruct the constitution of the Com*
mon wealth.
The questions of nationalising
banking and insurance is also to be
discussed—there being a varied list
of suggestions on the matters. Thore
will also be discussion on the adco-
cacy of a six-hour working day, in
order to deal with the growing problem of unemployment, and the need
for replacing returned soldiers in
somo position. Thero are also suggestions to alter the tariff ia order
that Australian industries may be
more adequately protected. Increases
are ashed for old age and invalid
pensions, also the maternity allowance of $25, which now deemed to
be too small, while special soldiers'
legislation is sought respecting pay,
pensions and repatriation—it being
argued that the provisions now being
made by anti-Labor governments in
Australia are by no means adequate.
Buy only from a unloa store.
DAY DAWN
Clad by an Arctic splendor,
AU radiant in view,
The realms of ardent vision
A seer's hopes renew;
He pietures opal oities,
With terraced streets oi gold,
As promise, faith and rapture,
The heavenly fates unfold.
Yet watehful stand the toilers,
Who rear these earthly halls,
To greet a newer message,
That paat the stillness calls;
Man shall redeem his freedom
By justice, love and truth;
For thus shall life, unfettered,
Renew its golden youth.
Still, down the distant ages,
Across its fields of toil,
Oppression stalked ungated,
And hungered, 'mid the spoil;
Not now in open battle
The tyrant struts in might;
But men sustain his conflict
As wealth invades their right.
When hy the broad Pacific
The Spanish legions knelt,
And gated o'er endless waters,
A nation's birth was felt;
They deemed their deed immortal,
A new world gave to man;
They opened nature's portal
To foster nature's plan.
Thus, ia tha years that follow,
Shalt toil and stress achieve
The fuller guerdon, granted
To those who gain, and grieve;
Not now the gathered harvest,
Not yet the treasured wreath;
Forbear that fadeless future
We d»re to probe beneath.
When, at the times awaken,
His living powers are felt,
And man, the great contriver,
His vital skill hu dealt;
Then rise the storied mansions,
Then soar the skyward heights.
While industry, as victor,
The hero's toil delights.
Where ring on giant anvils
The welding blows of steel,
Where pulses, all—electric,
Thrill lever, beam and wheel.
Where myriad-told, the workers
Thcir engine shops invade,
There gleams the future promise-
The realm of tireless trade.
Shall others win the bounty?
And shirkers snatch the prize?
Sustained, in act and conscience,
By home-envenomed lies;
The hand that sways the sceptre,.
Of labor's matchless force,
Shall claim th* full fruition,
And guide a nation's course.
Within the sunken channels,
Of time's resistless stream,
Engenders now the promise
Of man's transcendent dream;
The power he yields for lucre,
Regathen tin and flre,
Within ita compass girding
Tbe soal that shall not tir*.
Dark are th* houn of watching;
Darker ere dawn shall break;
Till newer birth, triumphant,
Shall hail all lands, awake;
When world-wide order, springing,
I'ull-Itodied from th* strife,
Shull crown man's great adventure,
I'd reap th* wealth of life.
,—W. 0. Boyntoa, 191..
"FBOM MAKER TO WEARER"
You can't afford to
overlook the Famous
—yon 11 always find tm complete a range of
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear Garments as can be found
in the West—the equal of aay stock ia quality
and stylo—at less than usual prices.
We sre enabled to offer Vsncouver ladies these superior advantages is shopping because of Mr. Kostman's excellent connections
with Eastern manufacturers and mills and the.close touch he
keeps on the market—always adding to his stock the latest and
best in everv line of garments.
TOUB INSPECTION OF OUB STOCK INVITED-
—WHETHER TOU BUT OB NOT.
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Near Oranvllle
Dan—* Heoae-f Mai
Denvor—A new trial for Mooney
and Billings "without further delay" was demanded by ths twenty-
eighth convention of the Locomotive
Firemen and Enginemen,
The eonvention established s pension department and an old-age pension department, wliich shall be self-
sustaining, shall be entirely separate
from all other departments and shall
in no way creato a financial liability
for any other department.
It was voted to publish ths brotherhood's official magazine semimonthly "until such time ss we may
establish a daily press, at whioh
time, in ths judgment of ths grand
lodge officers it is thought best, (hoy
ay revert back to the monthly edition."
In permitting ths discussing of political questions in the magazine, it
wss voted that these articles be confined "exclusively to tho advocacy
and promotion of a Labor Party ia
Canada and ths United States."
atUl Going Up
The average eost of the weekly
family budget of staple goods was
slightly higher, being $13.72 at the
middle of June aa eompased witk
■U3J53 in May, $12.70 in June, 1918,
aad $7.35 in June, 1914, says the Labor Oasette. The index number of
wholesale prices for June was the
same aa that for May, being 284.1 as
compared with 280.6 in June, 1918,
aad 135.3 in June, 1914.
GET THE HABIT
—LET THB-
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
DO TOUB REPAIRING.
Anlythe
U Rest
BU
mon
Oak
Sole leather need. Shoes msds
to order. Union shop with
Union principles.
Nodelay Shoe Co.
1047 OR—fTILLB
Phone Sejr. 1479
COAL
Lump (sacked), per
ton $11.00
Washed Nat, per ten,
at $10.50
Z—X•■   Celebrated   Doable
N-UUIMO-TOLLINOTOH
COAL
Is Always Dependable
Ask ths woman who burns it
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phoots Seymour 1441 aad 465
Tou can depend on the
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. FISH, Prop,
to famish you Pure Milk.
Housewives should insist en
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
naaaa: Saj. TTtM-O. Say. sun
A a. UK, mtslatat
.    .       UBOB TaMFTiB
-TAXI-       _
SOFT DRINK PARLOll
oasis, oioaaMTH sa» sort \
nam*
ut oDsnioai mut
Greatest Stoek si
Furniture I
in Greater Vaneourer
Replete in every detail
Huliogs FoiotveCo.ui.
SB BOTtE TOO OR
VAN BROS.
WKiflT TOU ASS FOB
-CIDER-
aad Kei-aleokous w—« ef sal
UNION   MSN'S   ATTEMTIONJ
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TROCADEROI
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For Vai« Men
156 HAsrnros stbebs wis:
pbone Seymour 9(5
THB BEST PLACE TO EAT
VANOOUVER - -ONION Ot
CENTERS HANNA, U|
'   UNDERTAKERS
tteflnad Servioe
1041 OEOBOIA STBEET
Oae Blook West of Courthoni
Uso of Modern Chapel aat I
Funeral Parlors free to aU |
Patrons
Telephone Seymour S4M
Our advertisers support tke *_]
(■ration.st.   It ia up to yoa to
port them.
IBS HOLIDAY SEASON IS ATFBOAOHtNO-Are you going to j
make good yonr advantage of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couple of weeks
ont In the open. We offer you
a splendid selection of Fishing Tackle, Bides, Cartridges,
Clothing, together with the
twusl Camping Bequiremeats.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Oomplete Sporting Goods
Store
-HR4M Hastings Strset West,
VANOOUVBB, B. 0. OW9B41   MMB   VAM00V1B
mm an i_uoi oooaon
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoui* pahs
mm ismbaiiw sv iamb
3
ELEVENTH YEAR. No. 31    EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER'S GREAT
Semi-Annual Shoe Sale
BEGINS SATURDAY, AUGUST 2nd
THIS SEMI-ANNUAL Shoe Event
* is eagerly looked forward to by
thousands of Vancouver's citizens who
know our reputation for honest dealing.
This season, owing to later Summer
weather and other causes, we have a
larger stock than usual to clear out before the Summer selling closes. See
local evening papers for full particulars, prices, etc.
VANCOUVER, B. C., FRIDAYJMORNING, AUGUST 1,1919
Devilite or The Age of Atrocities
Our Prices Are Reasonable
-lirtTHOCT departing in the least from the standard of work
" whieh has given our office an established reputation fer
Dental Work of the highest standard.
We offer onr services at prices which aro within ths reach ef
aay person who hss regard for their health and comfort.
Let ns examine yoar teeth and give yoa onr estimate on putting
them In proper condition.
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay and Crown and Bridge Specialists
602 HASTINOS STREET WEST, OORNER SEYMOUR
*    Office open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
none Seymour MSI—Examinations made on phone appointments
QUALITY SHOES
Regardless of the fact that shoes are advancing in
priee, we are safe in asserting that we never have shown
better shoes than we are showing this season.
Oar shoes are "Union Undo" and our Expert Shoe Service ia
Fitting is one of the attractive features of this shoe store.
This is a "Union Storo" and wo want the business of the
"Union Man."
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666   GRANVILLE   STBBBT
THE  PIONEER  OF   UNION   LABELS
A GUARANTEE TO EVERY SMOKES
(Being extracts from a lecture de-f
livered at the Cosmic Institute,
Vaneonver, on October 3rd, 2500
AJX, by the eminent citizen, Lawyer Se-c bright; the word lawyer
Signifying exponent of physical,
moral or mental law and has no
connection with the lawyers of
the present day, for the age of
atrocities having passed away for
ever, these latter disappeared also
as there was left nothing by whieh
they could function.)
"Brothers and sisters, in place of
my prearranged address  on   'The
Certainty of a Futoro Existence,' aa
proved by the latest discoveries of
our great psychologic lawyer, Citlsen Wood, I feel compelled, contrary
to my usual custom, to deal with
things unpleasant, and to draw aside
the curtain which   hides   tho   past
from our view so that   you   may
glance back and realize somo of the
horrors   through   which   our   forefathers struggled to freedom and to
knowledge; and I am doing this with
a set purpose for, far as we have advanced on the road to perfection
since the sinister days, I am about I
to speak of, we yet must  keep  a
lookout on our spiritual and moral
towers and guard against any possiblo reaction arising from the past
state of savagery to which we are'
directly linked by our ancestry.
"Recently, as you ar« aware, a
serious caso of atavism has occurred
ia our midBt and has been tho cause
of much .discussion by our lawyers;
a ease in which an individual attempted to shirk his first duty to
the Btate, which is doing useful
work for the benefit of his follows,
and to exploit his follow citizens for
his own selfish ends. He is now, as
you are aware, in the home for atavistic patients which has beon practically unoccupied for several generations, and is reported as slowly
recovering from his disease.
'' Though you will shudder at my
recital it is yet wise, I think, to fort-
[By Nemesis]
LOOK  FOR  IT—DEMAND IT
BOOST  IT
nosh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOEISTS AHD HUBSE-WUEN
2—STOBBS-2
41 Hastings Stmt East 728 Oranvllle Street
Seymour ess-en Seymour 9513
I PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlay son & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.      :;      Vancouver, B. C.
THE SUMMERTIME
IS NO TIME FOR
Home-Baking
ITS TIME TO CALL THE BAKER
Pood Lieenw
NO. 5-1081
ify ourselves by a recognition that
this same weakness may be lying
dormant in each of our beings for
surely, a knowledge of any weakness is tho first bulwark of defense
against the possible evil consequences which may arise out of it.
I intond to first -draw your attention to thoso early so-called civilizations in which money was first used,
This money, as you aro aware, for
you have seen some well-preserved
specimens of it in our museums, consisted of small pieces of metal. usually circular, or printed pieces of
paper, which wore exchanged for
all kinds of commodities.
Whother this money was invented
in the flrst place simply as a convenient means of exchange of commodities or wu the result of a fiendish plot, on the part of a certain
small section of the community in
which it originated, to enslave their
fellow men, a function which if only
too well performed, cannot at this
late date bo for a certainty determined.
But without doubt after its introduction that terrible period of tho
enslavement of man began and it
was not till after its abolition that
that enslavement terminated.
Tho system from its uso was as
simple as it was barbarous and of
coarse reflected the ignorance, and
the undeveloped stato of man, tho
animal, at that period, and I wish
you to consider this last fact in passing judgment upon the unfortunate
possessors of the dull and cloudy
consciousness of those far-away, past
days; for rest assured the futuro being will look back oven upon you
and hie with some sort of pity, in
the great dnys of the earth, when it
shall be peopled and blessed by the
perfect man.
That simple money system was
merely this: A man labored and produced wealth in the form of commodities and he was pnid for his
labors not by the commodities he
produced, but by money—but in
quantities which would only buy
back a small portion of tho products
of his toil. The surplus accrued to
his employers, a class of beings, who
had taken to themselves—in the beginning violently, and against the
natural laws which thoy then did
not comprehend—tho wholo earth
and constituted themselves the own-
ers theroof.
Now, as you can readily -imagine,
the earth became peopled by two
distinct classes, tbo owners and the
workers; the former rich and voluptuous, the latter poor and abstemious, and I wont you, here, to carefully note the inevitable result of
this unjust and diabolical social system..
By the working of the law of compensation, with which you are conversant, whilo that owning class was
retrogressing that class of workers
through their sorrow and their suffering was morally and mentally
evolving and in the end rose superior to their oppressors and finally
took possession of the earth and
their own destinies. In the light of
our present knowledge of the laws
which govern the mind of mas it
is easy to explain the terrible effects which that system produced
and which ended in the almost universal insanity of our forefathers.
Thcir madness took tho form of
amassing thoso curious circular
pieces of metal nnd printed scraps
of paper; and the sources from which
they were accumulated, viz.: tho various parts of our mother earth wero
fiercely contested for by all the nations of the world.
Fiercer and more unnatural grew
the struggle to produce the commodities which sold in tho markets of
the world for that money and in the
revolting melee, man at last flung
rathksidy aside overy moral consideration and became absolutely brutalized and insane.
These are terrible words for me
to utter, bat have we not learned
that the truth, howovor revolting, is
better seen in its terrible nakedness
than indecently robed in fine linoa
and parple; and that I am presenting
te yea only the naked truth I will
show by facts unearthed from tho
very few records in the form of old
newspapers and documents, whieh
survived the last cataclysm and have
been preserved ia eur archives and
te which I have had aeeees and upon w_ieh I found my statements.
Tou  are well  aware  that sueh
'*f*99*!m**mm:     ___
twarders and a host of others, were
maintained by the ruling classes.
1 , You, from your vantage ground of
luese present days, will see that all
fweee individual atrocities were artificial, that they did not arise ent
of the innate wickedness of man,
but were caused by the conditions
under which he lived.
, I will pass over also the eecond
great world war with the remark
that it was similar to the flrst only
intensified in its horrors and after j
affects. Where in the flrst wat thousands, had been killed, mutilated,
blinded and stricken with revolting
diseases, similar victims in the second cataclysm were claimed in their
tens of thousands and the succeeding world plagues, raging with fiercer intensity, tho population of the
earth was appreciably decimated.
After that the peaee of exhaustion
settled upon the earth during which
time, a period of about thirty years,
each nation was secretly racking its
brains to invent an explosive of such
destructive force as would make it
complete master of the others.
Then the third and last great war
fell suddenly upon the world. One
nation had invented an explosive to
which was given the appropriate
name of "Devilite," and entered
the war with great hopes of a world
success. But unfortunately for those
'hopes, their invention had been secre tely bought by several ef their
rivals, the result being- that the
slaughter of that war, which only
lasted thirty-five days, was so terrible that three-quarters of the en-
tiw population of the globe were
completely wiped out.
' Then it was that the survivors of
the remaining quarter of the population, after the plagues had subsided,
came to an agreement by which our
preeent system in its initial stages
waB instituted and man entered upon
the millenium period of his earthly
existence which will last till the
cooling of the sun makes life on the
planet impossible.
, I hopo you will see why I should
think it necessary to present to your
minds all theso horrors, tho rcpiti-
tion of which has naturally caused
you and I many shudders, but I repeat, directly descended as we are
.ftonj the savages of that dark age,
ilt-.is necessary to fortify ourselves
Against any possible atavistic tendency which may still He dormant
within us however faint and feeble
that tendency may now be.
«•.& full knowledge of any dangers
t     _„•.•    \ \_L *  i     _."■__       i^ha* may threaten us reduces its po-
In addition to   he already knownL^     /„      u to a ^j^ ftr
explosives     which    were,   terrible f,- -     ■ -
onough, others which had been bc-
moral laws eould not oeeur
without tbe inevitable reactions and*
wars of conquest always accompanied by groat slaughter and suffering and characterised, by terrible
atrocities were continuously being
waged. For many long centuries this
state of affairs continued, each generation growing more brutalized, yet
eaeh shouting out its own praises
and claiming mental and moral advantages over the proceeding ones.
In the course of time the first explosive substance was invented, and
this caused a new era of more fiendish atrocities, an era whieh terminated, as I shall show you, after a long
period, in the utter destruction of
tho greater part of the human race,
out of the ruins of which arose our
own true but by no means perfect]
civilization.
New explosives, each more deadly
and more powerful than 'those preceding, were invented together with,
of course, the means of employing
them in the form of monstrous engines, a few of whieh ap still preserved as curiosities, although it has
been expressed many times by our
mere advanced minds that this1 revolting evidence of the savage beings
from whom we are descended, should
be destroyed as a safeguard against
ourselves, an expression of opinion
in which I heartily coneur more especially after the recent violent case
of atavism.
It is distinctly traceable that as
these terrible means of destruction
were invented, ae I said each more
horrible than tho one that preceded
it, the minds of the users of.them
grew more debased, more destructive
and more ruthless in the atrocities
practised upon their fellow men till
at last nothing wns too horrible for
them to contemplate with unconcern
and without protest.
I will give a few instances of
these barbarities, although I do not
intend to harrow-your minds more
than is barely necessary for my pur-'
pose in addressing you today.
You know what those undeveloped races of our earth did not know,
that after such conduct the inevitable reaction must follow in full
measure and in the second decade
of the 20th century the first of the
series of world wars broke out in
the part which was then called Bur-
ope and tho terrors and brutality of
that war wore greater and moro horrifying than anything which the
world had as yet experienced,
NOT GO BACK
cretly invented for such a crisis were^
brought forth and employed.
destroyed the tender tissues of their.
-knowledge is a power for good while
Hgooranco has been the curso and
4k*>*blight of the ages.
..„■.. ««.*,*■ *,,.*_ .uimuyua.; batto, conclusion I will merely drew
Aend and burning fumes   whichU_tt attention t0 th_ g„,at my,tery
(StrOVCd  thfi   KMinAr  tiMniln"   fit  th-a-i*!-— -   -
a  wholesale brooking  ef  aU  the
ttc-Mpts of our greatest lawyers to
solve, thougu time after time in conclave assembled for that end.
"You have realized that during this
age of atrocities the Christ was born
upun whose teachings a grent number of churches wore founded and
dpon which also our own purified
Christian religion of deeds rests.
Christ taught the doctrine of love
the world becauso it wns founded on
the moral laws of God and works
in harmony with the whole of tho
vast and incomprehensible Cosmos.
Love! That age of atrocities we
have been discussing was the anithe-
sis of love, and yet there aro no
records now existing which show
that, through the whole of that age
any one of thoso great churches
mude any organized attempt to convince the rulers of those barbarous
nations that their social syBtem was
the antithesis of Christ's doctrine
and must be abolished beforo the
kingdom they taught and prayed for
could como upon tho earth.
Through those long centuries of
strife and robbery, crime and folly
that mysterious, awful silenco of thc
churches was unbroken.
. Terrible in its completeness it
seemed to brood like a thing born
of fear—like an unseen spirit of evil
through that dread time over every
land on earth, and those great
churches failing ns they did in thoir
duty to their Founder, crumbled at
thc last cataclysm into irreparable
ruin which is thc fate of all things
which conform not in all ways to the
law.''
«• *i-._   i _■ _      a "._v~ "__—~'1** Connection with that age of at*
victims, inflicting terrible and nn-i-^tieg * •   .
bearable agonies,  wero  mercilessly! -^ i8'one which hag m^_$ »t.
and remorselessly employed. '
Flaming liquids were hurled on
their deadly errands of torture and
destruction,     scorching,     blinding,
maddening all they touched.
Ench side vied with the other in
inventing moro fiendish   and   more
torturing barbarities and the mercy
of Qod and the love of Christ wero
obliterated to the last throb in the
hearts of those insane peoples.
Innocent women and children Buffered the usual war penalties of rape
and murder and the horrors of hell
flamed and flared over tho whole of
that great territory.
I cannot stop to tell you of all
the minor atrocities which wcro common during thoso fearful years, but
thero is ono curious incident in the
meleo   which   our   roost   renowned
psychologists havo   long   pondered
over but to account for which they
have not yet found an adequate explanation unless it be that tho per-
pcrtrators of this outrage were inflicted with   an   intenser   form   of
greed madness than   their   fellows,
but personally I think the true reason will bo found to havo a deeper
and   more   diabolical   source   than
mere madness.
During tho whole timo that first
world war wns   in   operation    and
when no nation know how it would
emerge from the  fiery  furnace  or
whether it would emerge at all as
a nation, the greed of certain persons belonging to them (and it must
be noted that no community wob free
from those fiends) became so intense
and so pitiless that by doubling and
trebling the prices of tho goods they
controlled they were able to amass
great piles of thcir money thereby
causing much misery among their
fellow men among whom were the
families of the soldiers who were
fighting for them. It is indeed difficult to dive into the mysteries of
the human mind ana discover the
true cause of conduct which can ouly
be defined as diabolical and showing how war debases even tho most
intelligent of human beings and
turns them into savages it has boon
found among the few logal records
which survived the third world war
—tho laBt of all wars, resulting in
man 'a regeneration—that savage
laws were enacted during the strife]
by which many of the more advanced minds of thoso days—men with
vision—wero shut up in dungeons
or executed for daring to differ with
their rulers on thcir policies and proclaim that differenco in speech or
writing.
Probably you will agree with mc
when I assert that these latter atro-j
cities wero even more reprehensible
than those connected with tho death,
dealing explosives. '
Ono incident which hns caused,
much comment and speculation,
by our most eminent lawyers,/
though trivial in itself when,
compared with those with which I,
have been dealing, yet serves to illustrate the fiendish cruelty whieh
possessed the money-maniacs of those
dark ages. It is an account of a poor
workman's family turned out into
the streets to starve, in the depths
of a rigorous winter because they
could not pay to tho landlord or
owner of their house, the money due
to him aa rent, notwithstanding the
fact that the Baid landlord possessed
more money than he could have used
in a century.
I will pass over the smaller and
what niight be called the individual
atrocities, but whieh, like the larger
ones, grew out of the unnatural social system in vogue in that unhappy ago, and te adust which huge
organizations involving policemen,
udges, magistrates,  lawyers,  prison1
R. P. Pettipiece Wanto a
Labor Movement
That Moves
Though not insensible to the -reductive call of tho out-of-doors en
Sunday evening, Comrado B. P. Pettipiece ud some hundred! of others
foregathered in tho Columbia Thea*
tre to give further consideration to
wm. of tho questions of outotand*
ing interest to labor tho world ovor.
Adopting a metaphor as old ai
fJocrates or older, Comrado Petti*
pieeo alluded to tho "birth-pangsof
tho now eiviliiation," growing over
sharper and more frequent aa tho
timo draws nigh. As a result of the
war, the workers seemed to have
traded all they ever possessed of
democracy and brought home their
militarism in its place. (Applause.)
Nevertheless, the 0. B. U. of tho
Peace Conference had got tho job
of thoir lifo to get tho worken to
go baek to the conditions tkey were
in beforo the war.
The various bankrupt governments wero giving out gratuities,
etc., "to keep them sort of satisfied for tho timo being" whilo attempting somo sort of social readjustment. But in the Old Country
the workers had boon obliged to organizo the saop-stewarda movement,
determined to uso any instrument
and any method they could.
Though press reports had to ho
studied with a knowledge of what to
eliminate and what to read between
the lines, it appeared probablo that
the Old World peoples would be able
to compel the withdrawal of the
Allied troops from Bussia. Tho Allied governments were making no
mistake in paying attention to this
now movement in Bussia; if one
wheel of the capitalist mechanism
wero withdrawn, there eould' bo no
further interchange of business, and
capitalism would collapse. The movemont, however,' seemed to bo in
pretty good hands; the poor Bussian, in the last year and a half,
had shown himself woll able to tako
caro of his own affairs.   (Applause.)
The nationalization of railways,
mines, etc., in Great Britain, would
not achieve everything; nevertheless
it was ono of the stepping stones to
coltcetivo ownership. As owners of
tke industry, the workers would
havo a legal right to say how that
industry should be operated. So far,
they had relegated ownership to
others, and thus wero bought and
sold as chattels.
China, Japan, aad other countries
wore now entering tho world's markets, in what was to bo one of the
fiercest and bitterest struggles evor
known. They would lay down
goods here cheaper than they eould
be produced on the spot; tho suggestion was to lower the standard
ot living here in order to compote
with them. Tho whole thing was
impossible, and must collapse at an
early date. There could be absolutely no other way out of it but by
collective ownership.
There was in this country, how-
(vrrB.M)M___^
■—■ ■       ...     . - -*-=Ba
mo
CUSTOM-MADE
SUITS
rom toar ahd womb*
Me* Hlii-Hi a*
a vtt—ittatp it iiiw ii, ftttfag on
tnnow noramxi
—AV—
128 HASTINGS EAST
Ke»r Carnegie Library
something would happen in tho old
country pretty soon. Thoy must all
bo tolerant of eaeh other, working
and thinking along the lines that
they each thought good. "I don't
care what kind of a labor movement
you've got, so long as tho blamed
thing moves. Ally yourself to the
pan of the movement that you think
you ean work best with. No doubt,
when the propor time comos, well
all do our bit."
With regard to the food supply,
there were tons of fruit going to
waste in tho oountry, whilo tho industrial amy in tho eity wen paying top prices. Pat Burns and the
like had got complete control of tho
food supply of the country. "You
ean't buy anything without their
consent—can't do anything without
their consent. By keeping tho visible supply small enough, they ean
make you pay what they like." As
an ameliorative measure, the spoakor suggested the nationalization of
the elevators, cold-storage plants,
etc., so as to arouse tho public to
see that this system of production
for profit should be abolished and
produetion for use sot up in ita
place. "Wo must got possession of
the powers of the state; there ean bo
no argument on that at all." (Ap.
plauae.)
In replying to numerous questions
at the close, tho spoakor further emphasized tho workers' need to acquire* ownership, and thus a legal
right to kick ud the development
of responsibility for operation of
the utilities. Not that this wonld
bo altogether a solution so long as
the power of tho state was in other
hands.   In tho speaker's view, tbo
red-coats" woro no different now
from what they had boon in the paat;
they were hired for the samo dirty,
purpose, "They ean't be any bettor thu tho thing thoy represent
and are a part of," Tit power of
the state must be captared. "Then,
if they refuse to let go, tkey h»v»
provided us with a whole lot of precedents aa to what wo au do witk
I them."   (Applause.)
which was destined to regenerate over, no talk of nationalizing any-
.i_ -_-m >,__«...» :t -... *—j-*- — I thing. The plan of the O. B. 0. at
Ottawa, with all the scallywags under ono banner, was simply to perpetuate their rule at whatever cost.
The working class in Canoda were
compelled to flnd some other thu so-
called constitutional or parliamentary methods, and wero doing tho
best thoy could under the circumstances. Tho Ottawa government
had made "political" action well-
nigh impossible. Thc N.W.M.P. was
"a new form of dcnit-craey that tbe
boys brought homo with them."
Tho speaker deprecated striking,
etc., as a brutal method—a barbarous way ot lighting—and not tho
most effective wny. Yet each organization must keep on going, by
whatever method it could. If such
an exhibition of solidarity eould be
staged about onc week before election day, that would bc the correct
time to do thcir striking. (Applause.) As to -'sympathetic"
strikes, no wonder they had got thc
"sympathetic bug," after so much
talk of sympathy with poor Belgium
and so forth.
"The interests nt Ottawa arc not
going to let go easily. They are going to take the pick of our men and
put them behind the bars." I-atcr,
they would no doubt find a Siberia
for them, after tho example of Czar
Nicholas. But thc Bolshevists seemed a good deal liko the locnl mosquitoes; no matter how many were
killed, millions camo to tako their
placo."   (Laughter.)
The speaker reiterated that the
workers here must just drift along
and do the best they could till a
completo change occurred.   Probably
HOW AUSTRALIAN LABOR
WILL REGULATE MINING
Flans for Control ef This Indistry
Are Framed for When Labor
Controls State
The Now South Wales Labor Party
proposes to carry out tho following
proposals relating to mining, when
thoy Bccure control of the govern-
of that Australian state. There is
to ho state financinl support for prospecting parties seeking new fields or
exploring old workings; while tho
government will also erect batteries
and other treatment planta in approved districts, and make aeess to
private-property for bona fide miners
easier than it is at the present time.
The Labor Party proposes that full
compensation shall be paid to all persons meeting with accidents in mining. In the case of death, a substantial rate will be paid, while in eases
.where accidents prevent the worker
tarrying on his occupation, he ib to
ie paid his full wages during the
period of incapication. All mines aro
to be nationalised, and under tho
joint control of tho men employed in
tho industry. In taking over the
mines from private owners, tho only
compensation to be paid shall be tho
actual money invested therein—this
to be paid for by interest-bearing
bonds. The management of tho
mines will will then be in the hands
of committees in conjunction with
the minister of mines, each party appointing an equal number to control
the working of the mine. The hours
of labor shall bo reduced to 30 per
week—five daya of six hours eaeh.
All contract and piecework shall bc
abolished, and weekly wages paid instead. In addition, holidays—two
weeks yearly—shall be granted the
men on full pay, while bathing and
drossing accomodation shall be provided at all times.
B. C. Federationist Daily Paper Fund
HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT A FREE PRESS?
Do You Want It Enough to Assist in Paying: for It?,
Whore is your union buttonl
Cut out the above coupon and mail the amount you wiah to contribute
to tho fund for tho purposo of establishing a daily paper for B. C. lie-
eeipta will be acknowledged from timo to timo in Tho Federationist.   '*
r
_$e QLuaiity-Ctiar
EL J>ORO
Ideal Size
lL For^D
Majestic Size
15*
/ _
Income
htMlh3_t.UntmMadeCig-r4F<ir25fi ?AGE FOUR
BI.EVBNTH year. Ho. si      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIBT     ▼ancobveb, b. o.
FBIDAT. ... August 1, m
THE B. C. FEDEBAT10N1ST
Published every Friday morning by The B. C
Federationist, Limited
>_  8.  WELLS...
...Manager
)fice:    Labor   Temple,   405   Dunsmuir   Streot.
Telephone Exchange, Beymour 7495
After li p.m., Sey. 7497K	
lobecription Bates: United States and Foreign,
♦2.00 per year; Canada, $L50 per year; ia
Vancouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions subscribing in a body, il.— per member per year.
Unity of Labor:  tho Hopo of tho Wotld
■ rtlDAY....
..August 1, 1910
THE PROUD BOAST of British Columbians, that froe education is the right
of the children in thi» Province, has been
shattered. The Bolsheviki, however, are
aot to blame lor this departure iu thc mat-,
ter of education. The
PROPERTY property owners in the
H^g city   refusa   to   como
DECIDED. across with the money
for schools, and to the
School Trustees are going to extract it
from thc parents of thc achool children,
by charging a fee of $2.00 per month for
pupils at the High Schools. Two dollars
per month does not appear a very large
■urn, but to many o£ thc working people
of this city, it will be sufficient to prevent
them from having thcir children attend
High School.
* * *
Education today is given on lines that
will make the workers more productive,
and better fitted to carry on the business
of thc ruling class. Any curtailment in
■ the opportunities for the children to receive the highest form of education now
in existence, will only tend to operate
against the big interests, and will, if carried to any great extent, be more detrimental to the employing interests than it
•will to the working class. Even in the
■mailer things the evils of the present system can be readily seen by the close observer. Private property is the basis of
the present system. Private property in
the ownership of the means of wealth production, and by that ownership, the enslavement of the working olass, is at the
bottom of all the troubles in modern so-
eiety. Private property is in this instance
the guilty party, and the propertyiess
working class, cannot do anything to give
ihe children baek their educational facili.
lies free of cost. In civic affairs, the own-
trship of private property gives to the
iwner the right to set thc limit of thc expenditures of money for any civic project.
Intelligence is of no account in matters of
Ihis kind. Property has a vote. Humanity, not blesaed with private property, can
inly look on. Until the present system is
abolished, the workers must realize that
their children's education is none of thcir
business; it is the business of private property, and as the workers are the slaves
of a ruling class, that ruling class which
controls all property, even that property
which is situate in the slave's carcase, can
do as it pleases, educate the slave or leave
bim in ignorance if they see fit. Property
is sacred, humanity in the forms of slaves
•nly exists for the glory of the God of
modern civilization. "Profit" and the
workera bave no say in anything that is
likely to interfere with that god. Moral,
as the workers cannot do as they like, so
long as they are the property of a ruling
class, it should be the mission of the working class to bring about auch changes as
will give the members of that class complete control over their own destinies, and
then they will be able to have their children educated in sueh manner, and in sueh
things as will be a blessing to all humanity, instead of for the interests of a class
that neither toils or spins, but yet controls
the lives of its slaves and enjoys the products of their labor.
of a blockade against Soviet Russia, or
both. Thc minister, in his attempt to justify the Allied intervention, however,
showed the real fears of the Allied governments, which is that the new democracy may spread to other countries. From
all sources we gather that some 3200 persons have been killed by the Soviet Government since its inception, the greater
part of them being counter revolutionists.
In Finland the White Guards have been
responsible for the slaughter of some
40,000 persons, and yet we do not see any
desire on the part of the Allies to intervene on behalf of the working class,
which is the victim of ruling class brutality in that country, but they use the
so-called atrocities of the Soviet Government as an exouse for intervening in
Russia. Russia has committed the unpardonable crime of ditching the rule of
capital, and that and that alone is the
reason for the intervention of the different capitalistic nations in that country.
Winston Churchill and all the other
statesmen of the capitalistic countries
may think that military intervention or
economic aid, or blockades, will stem the
tide of democracy which got its greatest
impetus in Russia, but they cannot stop
the wheels of progress, and what has happened in Russia will occur in every eountry in the world before thc present class
struggle is ended. There may be different methods adopted to change the
system, but the final outcome will
be the same. One thing, however,
that should not be lost sight of by the
workers, is the lesson to be learned by
the struggle that Soviet Russia has had
to make against international capitalism.
Now more than ever it is necessary that
the workers of the world should unite,
regardless of race nationality or creed, so
that nations that follow in the establishment of democracy will not have to carry
on the fight alone, but may advance as
an international working class in all
countries, taking forward steps in unison.
Capital is international, and acts internationally, and so must the workers. The
workers of this country more than any
other must realize this, and govern thcir
actions accordingly, or the plight of the
Russian proletariat much intensified will
be their lot.
RACE RIOTS in the States have held
the first place in the news items this
week. There may be a reason for these
riots that does not appear on the surface.
One of the thingi that may be partially
responsible for these out-
THOSB breaks is the fact that a
RACE large number of colored
RIOTS people were taken to the
north during the war to
carry on production, and as in this country, the alien has been the butt, in order
to cover up the conditions caused through
unemployment, so the colored population
may bc the goat in the U. S. A. A more
plausible reason, however, is the fact that
one of the greatest organizing campaigns
that ever took place in the U. S. A. is
now being carried on in the largest industries, including the steel and paeking industries. Negroes are largely employed
in both of them, and in order to prevent
the closer organization of workers a race
war is started. Divide and Rule has always
been the method of the ruling class, and
while about half a million colored troops
were sent from the U. S. A. to fight on
"Flanders Fields, and they have shown that
they were as capable fighters as the
whites, and to a great extent dissipated
race aifimosity by so doing, the ruling
class is never above descending to any
lengths to accomplish its purpose. No
matter what the cause, however, race
riots and race antagonisms are detrimental to the workers of any country.
such news service paid for by the government, and another doubt will be raisodjn
the minds of the workers as to the truth
of press despatches which, while not subsidized, at least receive the financial support of the government of this country." ■
TRADES COUNCIL TO
LOSE ITS CHARTER
(Continued from pago 1)
We accept the apologies of the editor
of the B. C. Veterans Weekly. If, however, he still doubts that the workers1 are
possessed, how does he account, for
the fact that a three weeks' strike finds
them hungry and without the wherewithal to get the eats. This also applies
to the officers of the labor movement,
even if they do get $40 per week. Forty
dollars now looks like $18 did a few
years ago. Tou ean call a slave a proletarian or a dispossessed member of society, tho fact remains that he is a alave
and slaves never did have anything but
that which their masters gave them.
The recent elections in Finland have
proved a decided tendency on the part
of the Finns toward democracy. Mannerheim and hia gang of murderers can take
to the tail timbers as soon as they please,
and the sooner the better for their safety.
An outraged working clasa is not likely
to forget that 40,000 of their number were
slaughtered by the White Guard, which
were the forces under Mannerheim, and
acted chiefly under his instructions. Thc
Allies evidently backed the wrong horse
when they pinned their faith to the forceB
of reaction and headed by the defeated
candidate for the presidency.
It has been reported in the press that it
cost the city $13,247 for special police
during the strike. In view of the fact
that there was no disorder, and that the
court records show that there was no increase of crime, in fact a decrease in the
number of criminal eases during the
strike, we are wondering why the expense, not that it will affect the workers
very much, but as a matter of curiosity.
We are also curious to know who were
the recipients of the sum mentioned, and
to know if the amount paid for special police duty was $6.00 per day, and if on the
23rd of June the following names ap.
peared on the pay-roll of the speeial police: W. Drinnan, Captain Whittaker
and Mr. Harnett. We would also like
to know if. these men received pay
special police. Did they alao receive pay
from any other occupation whilo in the
pay of the cityf  .
LABOR in this country has been condemned by every small-minded individual who cannot see any further than
the end of his nose, i'or thc attitude
adopted on the question of interefcrence
by the Allies in Russia.
WHY The only action taken by
IHEY labor in this  country  on
DO IT this question, has been the
passing of resolutions of
protest. Labor in the old land and in
France, however, has gone much further
in its opposition to the attempts being
made to crush out the new democratic regime in the land which was so long ruled
by the most despotic government that
ever exiated. It has been said that the
Soviet Government of Russia is opposed
by the majority of the Russians, if this
is so, how on earth has it lasted so long,
in spite of thc assistance given to the
counter revolutionary forces, which have
been aided by the Allies by men and by
munitions. The British Government has
been pushed into a corner on this question by the active opposition of tho workers iu the old land, and Winston Spencer
-Churchill in the House of Commons during the past week attempted to justify
thc allied intervention. He attempted in
the lirst place to justify it on the grounds
that intervention in Russia stopped tho
use of German forces against thc Allies
during thc war. Not attempting to disprove this point of view, it cannot now
be used as an argument for continued intervention, and there must bc other
reasons. In his speecli Colonel Churchill
stated "that in a few months there Would
not be a single British soldier in Russia,
but on the other hand wc are continuing
a powerful contribution of munitions to
Dcnikine,   and    considerable   economic
aid."
* * *
In other words, while withdrawing the
troops, a possibly more powerful weapon
is to be used against thc Soviet Government. Economic aid may be assistance by
supplying the counter revolutionists with
munition and food to carry on their campaign, and it may also be the continuance
DURING the last hours of the last
session  of Parliament the sum  of
fifty thousand dollars was voted to the
Canadian Press Limited.
Naturally, questions were
asked, and in answer to
questions put to Sir
Thomas   White   by    Mr.
Morphy, M. P., the following explanation
was given:
THE
"FREE
PRESS
The Germans have appointed certain
judges to determine who caused the war.
If they had have appointed some of the
left wing of the Socialist movement of
that country, they might have found the
cause of the war. If, however, they0an
unable to locate it, the Federationist will
in five minutes give them the only cause
of not only the late war, but all wars under capitalism. In fact, to save the
judges time, we will give it now. The
cause of the late war was the desire,for
a place in the sun, the sun being the
world's markets, and if Germany started
it, it only saved some other nation the
trouble. In the last analysis war is caused
by capitalism, and war is the only logical
outcome of the mad struggle of the different nations to dispose of the surplus
wealth stolen from the workers at thc
point of production.
"The Canadian Press Limited is
an incorporated news agency of
which all publishers of daily newspapers in Canada are members and
stockholders. It docs not operate to
make a profit; the expenses of operation are assessed against the individual newspapers according to an established basis. The Government grant
is to bc applied towards the expense
of maintaining a day and night leased
wire news service over thc three great
natural gaps, namely, between Ottawa and Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouver, and Montreal and St. John.
The bridging of these gaps will make
it possible for this association to
operate a national news service from
coast to coast.
"The motive of thc grant of $50,000
is to enable the better distribution of
Canadian news*throughout thc entire
Dominion."
Fifty thousand dollars for thc distribution of Canadian news sounds good. No
doubt it will be news that fits in with tlie
ideas of our most democratic government.
It may be news that affects labor, and if
it is, thc workers can gamble that it will
not be news that is favorable to them. Is
it possible that news that is paid for in
this manner will not bear thc taint of a
subsidized pressf No sane persona would
believe that this ia possible. It ia also
to bc supposed that Unionist papers, or
papers that are supporting the govern,
ment, will publish "news" as it is given
to them by the Canadian Press Limited,
and if the government of this country is
lo be tho originator of Canadian news
which the Canadian Press Limited is to
send out, we can bt assured tbat it will
be in thc intcrest^of our most democratic
government. Of course there Is no intention of subsidizing the press, but we notice that thc labor press does not get any
Labor and Capital muat get together,
is the slogan these days.   In fact, if wc
believe all we read in the press , if labor
will only be more reasonable, that ia be
reasonable and accept the dictates of
capital, then all will be lovely.   Quite a
number of Vancouver's   leading   lights
have been exploring the province, and
looking over the industries which are in
operation, hoping to find some new field
of exploitation this last week.   How it
must have pleased these gentlemen when
they visited Ocean Falls.   They were told
that labor agitators were not wanted
there, and a couple of these pestiferous
people  had  recently boen   got  rid  of.
What a lovely place Ocean Falls must be,
How capital and labor must be working
in  harmony  in  this ideal slave camp,
where to express a view contrary to the
vieW held by their employers by any onc
of the employees, would be the signal for
thc instant dismissal of tho unruly slave,
industrial peace under these conditions
must  gladden  thc  hearts of the profit
seekers  in  this land of freedom.   And
what a pity it is that tbe other parts of
tho province cannot bc blessed with the
same kind of slave, then indeed would
thc lot of the ruling class be tne of complete beatitude, and the lot of the worker
complete servitude, without even a semblance of liberty left, and no room for
freedom of thought of action.    Truly an
ideal state for the employers.   But we
are  afraid  that  even Ocean Falls will
eventually produce some unruly slaves,
and the present state of peace will be disrupted.  Too bad, too bad.
Counoil will bo hold in the Labor
Temple, Thursday, August 7, 1019,
whon credentials will be received
from tho delegates representing tne
laws and principles of international
trades unionism, as expressed by the
American Federation of Labor and
tho Dominion Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada.
"(Signed)   A. FARMILO,
"General Organiser of the
"American Fed. of Labor."
Del. Kavanagh stated that he
wished to point out that the Vanconver Trados and Labor Council
was aa incorporated body, an* congress or any other body could not
take away the seals, and if tho name
Vancouver Trades and Labor Couneil was used by any othor body the
couneil eould tako legal aetion for
infringement of the oounoil's rights.
A good deal of quostioning was
then indulged in. Del. HaeDonneil
askod how Organizor Farmilo
counted for his apparent favorable
attitudo to the O. B. U. at the Cal
gary convontion to the A. F. of L.
He replied by stating that he was
not an individual who wasted a lot
of time, and aftor attempting to
movo ai,amendment at that confer*
ence he saw it was useless.
President Smith asked if the
Trades and Labor Congress of Can*
ada was opposed to British institutions. Organizer Farmilo replied
that so far as ho knew Congress
wu propared to uphold them.
Del. Midgley statod that the couneil had three seals, one from Congress, ono from the A. F. of I.., and
ono from the provinee when tho
couneil was incorporated, in, he
thought, 1697. Ho stated that thc
council owned the* machines of the
two seals from Congress and tho
A. F. of L. and they could have the
rest of them.
Mora for the O. B. IT.
' Tho Butchers reported that they
had decided to go over to tho O.B.U.
The Carpenters reported that they
would discuss tho O. B. IJ. question
tonight, and Local No. 1, O. B. U.,
reported that that organization was
making good progress, whilo Del.
Midgley reported that the G. E. B.
of the 0. B. U. could not get supplies fast enough to meet tho domand.
A motion to appoint an organization committee to conduct an organizing campaign for the 0, B. U.
was adopted, the committoe being
Del. t/oods, MaeDonncil, Edwards,
Youngash, Marr, Haslet, Pictrie and
La vis.
Several questions were asked by a
delegate from the Loggers as to the
payment of per capita tax by units
of the 0. B. U. It was pointed out
that the council-was still under the
same constitution, and that tho
council would continue as heretofore
with such organizations as were now
afflliated, but that O. B. U. locals
would pay tho council 10 cents per
capita tax.
A delegate from the Longshoremen stated that his organization
would take another vote on the
0. B. U. quostion before deciding to
go over, and tho Street Bailwaymon
roported that they had laid thc mat-
tor on tho table for the present, and
had.not yet come to any decision.
Labor Bureaus Under Firo
Del. Midgley reported that there
was evidently some skin gnme being
played botwoon the private labor
bureaus and the government institutions. Ho stated that a worker
had gono to a private agency which
had collected a dollar from him for
a job. Ho was told to go to tho
Government Labor Bureau and ask
for eortain work. The individual in
chargo of tho private agenoy thon
got in.touch with some ono on the
phono, and gavo the name of the individual who was going for a job.
An Unusually
AttracthreShowing
Shirts by the hundred
and all right up to the
tick for snappy patterns. Made by tlie
Arrow people and
Tooke Bros., and include percales, fancy
repps and dimity
cloths in panel stripes
and figured effects.
Special at—
$2.00   $2.50
$3.00
RICKSON'S
820 Granville Street
Seymour 2359
PANTAGES
*• KBXT WE1K
"HER   LETT   SHOULDER"
ZEIOUBB SISTEBS ud JAZZ BAND
Other Bi. rntarss
OLELAND - DIBBLE   ENGRAVING OOMPANT
United
PHOTO BHOBAVEBS ______
OOMMBBOIAL ABIISTS
Ph,n, Soymonr 7160
TMrt  Floor,  World  Bnildinl.   Vsa-
couvtr, B. 0.
He intimated that thero was something wrong, and'tnoved that tho
mattor bo onqnired into. Tho motion wos adoptod.
Tho council adjourned at 10.30
p.m.
Snn Francisco—Tho Chinese boycott as a protest against the Shantung award hns cut off the greater
part of Jnpnn's rice supply and is
causing a serious condition iu Japan,
according to Americans arriving
from Shanghai and Tokio. Japanese
prisons and many of tho poorer people are compelled to mix potatoes
and other foodstuffs with their allotments of rice, the nation's stapl.
food.
' Evory 8-Hour BUI Killed
Madison, Wis.—Tho state legislature killod every eight-hour bill that
has been introduced. Tho last ono
to get the axe providod for an eight-
hour day for women employed in
commercial establishments. This bill
passed both branches of tho legislature. Assemblyman Anderson of
Konosha nsked that it be recalled as
ho wanted to offer a slight amendment that would make the act effective the flrst of noxt year. This
was agreed to and then when it was
placod beforo tho assembly it wss
promptly done to death.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
The chief function of the international
unions these days seems to be to send
thcir striking members back to work,], or
else saving them from the evils of thc
0. B. U. What really lies baek of it tall
is the desire to save the per capita ta*.
Clear the decks for action! With your
help Vancouver labor can have its own
daily by Labor Day.
The Oovernment of Canada is certaiiidy
not very humorous or it would never have
passed that legislation which makes it illegal to advocate the overturn of thc present politieal order, or to change the industrial system under which we live, by
force, iu view of thc fact that all governments only hold thcir power by force, as
represented in the police and military
forces,
THERE ARE MANY
BEAUTIFUL  SPOTS
Located Along tho North Shore Bout* of
The Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Tho followiag picturesque places ore ideal for a day's outing.
Cyprew Park Round Trip 38c
Caulflelds Round Trip 35c
Eagle Harbor Round Trip 60c
Whyteeliff for Horseshoe Bay Round Trip 60c
Oood day of issue only,
The P. 0. B. aro oporating an hourly sorvice at 30 minutes past
•aon. hour overy Sunday to Horseshoo Bay and intermediate points.
Additional equipment hu boen provided to copo with     .
increased trafflc.
for furthor information, phono passenger dept., Sey. 954T.
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
404 WILTON BLOOK '.*. 8BYMOTO 9547
How democratic are the international
unions. No government haa acted more
arbitrarily than have these organizations.
Constitutions were framed for guidance.
But the laws of the Modes and Persians
were never more rigid than arc thc Ipws
of these bodies.
*"~ At «T. N. Harvey's Clothing Storei	
TWO ONION STORES FOB MEN
QUALITY SUITS THAT HT
Many now SUITS arrived yesterday direct from the Eastorn markets portraying freeh, smart styles and a wonderful range of vory
{teasing patterns, combined with unsurpassed quality and tailored
by ozclnatn man tailora to Ht your individual figure. These Suits
hav. boon marked at reasonable prices.
$30   $35   $40   $45   $50
Ton per cent, discount to soMieca on
thoir flrst civio ooMts.
J. N. Harvey
Limited
125-127 Hastings St W.
Also 61.-616 Yatos Street, Vietoria
Look *t/r the Big Red Arrow Sign —: '■	
HOW TO BUY
THE RING
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TW. No.
S-Hti
OO
n
PAGE OTTO
Wars Triumphant f ailuresjLEI
*******
*******
*******_.
*******
And Victorious Defeats
[Trenchant Criticism of tks Pesos Tanas by Ramsay Macdonald, in tbe Socialist Beview]
The sweet fruits of victory aretjuBt—-large-minded men wko knewtceAted only if every spark of inde-
       .._ ... .       It*,-. *..<.* _-*l    I  _   —Jl _._.._ I '-..*.       -.      V	
■#
always more dangerous to thoso who
pluck them than are tho bitter onea
of defeat to thoso upon whoso laps
they are thrown. History is full of
tho -doom of nations that hsve boes
victorious, the reason boing that the
brute power that gavo the victory
claims as it* reward the satisfaction
of making the peace aftor its own
heart. The vanquished nation is
cither spurred on to contest tha victory of its enemy or is compelled to
pursue a greatness whieh belongs to
human qualities and not to organised power, and in either case ths
victor is the vanquished. Wars are
thus triumphant failures and victor*
ious defeats. After all great battles comes pillage. Soldiers and
statesmen are expected to return
not merely with triumphs but with
trophies; and in punishing defeated
nations ideas of how to -do justice
which hold good between individual
and individual, when responsibility
is definite and personal, arc applied
to nntions when all the circumstances are different. The spirit of
the victorious nation deteriorates.
The results baffle intention; pur-
poses are unused; equity*, which we
seek to serve, is outraged by our
judgments; the ideals which
sought avo somehow repelled by our
way of seeking them. By and by we
discover that tho imperturbable
eternal laws of moral justice, which
human intention cannot control,
frown upon our doings, nnd we arc
hustled with but littlo ceremony
from thc judgment scat where wo
sat tn our timo of victory to bo ourselves tried by the consequences of
our acts.
I wonder how many people have
detached themselves from the rushing tides of these days, and from a
quiet place have surveyed what is
going on. Europe has been engaged
in a conflict of principles and
causes. "Thc graver follies of
fame and dominion" are said to
have been alien from its thoughts,
and certainly weVo alien from tho
thoughts of that army of men which
arose in a night in August, 19.14,
The spoil of this war was to bo liberty. The world was to be freed
from tho clouding frown of militarism, and when -it wns all over, men
wero to sit at tbeir .firesides in peace
nnd tell their children how tho old
bad times died and tho happier times
came. For that our young men faced
l^eath and terrors worse than death.
They had no hate, they had only
enthusiasm in their* hearts. When
they went away, thoy left many of
us racked between a desiro to go
with them and a knowledge that
the way they trod could not lead to
thc haven they sought. So the world
became a dolorous dwelling place.
Now that ia over. The graveyards
citend far and wido, the little securities, which people living in
times of peaco had built up to fend
them against tho noeds of age and
to smooth tbe latter part of their
days, are gone, the pages still unfilled in our lives have been torn
out ruthlessly. Europe is on. tho
vorgo of bankruptcy. And what
has come to us in consequence of
this Where are thoso who asked
our people to die, and who sent them
forth in quest of high idealsf We
have paid the price: What do they
bring!
The Peace Conference at Paris is
the answer. For months a handful
of men havo boon sitting in Paris
with the peoples of Europe, Asia,
and Africa as personal possessions.
Theso peoples have been waiting
like slaves in the market to know
who their masters aro to be. Estotes
have been forfeited with their goods
and chattels. The dividers of the
spoil have made their agreements;
they have hired agents and have
made bargains with them based
upon results; they have choices and
vanities, and the chief work of the
Paris Conference has been to adjust
the balances. Those who attend
Christie's sales know the process.1
Nor is that all. Certain remnants,
like Constantinople, have been
hawked round the dealers, and in
tbe end have bad to be given, to the
buyers of miscellaneous oddments.
Let us read onee more how armies
and army captains divided amongst
themselves the gold and silks and
precious things they captured aftor
a battle, and then we shall understand Paris. Tho high venture started with visions and ended with
spoil. We read of crusades thnt began with sacraments and enthusiasm
for the Holy Sopulehere, end ended
with tho murder of believers, the
rnpo of virgins, and the ruin of
Christian power. We had hoped that
these chapters of moral repulsion,
which laugh so cruelly at our faith
in the reality of goodness, belonged
to years long since passed. Wo havo
boon mistaken,
I am not surprised at all to find
disquietude amongst somo of the
most ardent supporters of the war
as a moral crusade, and that "respectable" persons like Professor
Hobhouse, Professor Gilbert Murray, and tho Bishop of Oxford are
now addressing memorials of protest against Paris decisions. They
are objecting to the inevitable result of their own conduct, They are
just like the deputation which waited upon me at the outbreak of the
war begging me to support the government, but to stand for humane
methods of killing people! Tho war
may have been forced upon us, and
wo may have had to fight it. It
may hnve been the deliberately
planned act of an ovil power, or the
result of an intricate combination of
errors and faults which, under the
conditions of Europe, produced an
eruption, and as such it had its justification. But no one but tho most
unbalanced idealist or hard-pressed
politician could ever have persuaded
himself that it was the necessary
prelude to a secured peace. To relate peace and war in that way is
return to the primitive credulities
nnd fancies of mankind—even if it
bo bishops and university professors
who admit that such wos their faith.
But at the same time these idealists
have been hardly used by fate. The
men whose task it was to make
peace might have been different, and
tho results might have boen more
in aceordanco with the hopes of the
dreamers. We have had victors of
great dignity, of masterly reserve—
men whom power sobered and whom
opportunity to ba aelf-willod made
that reputation and honor never yet
grew upon the shallow soli of the
market place. The paeiflat-militanat
idealists, I suppose, gambled in the
hope that if their aide would be victorious in such hemic mould would
the peacemakers be east. But what
have waf
President Wilson has adorned tho
official literature of the war with
sontences that are worthy to live,
and ho went to Paris sincerely intending to bring away from it, at
any rato, a League of Nations whieh
would bo representative of the
people, and would secure peace by
removing the causes of war as they
arose. The American, however, was
no match for European diplomatists.
He was untrained in European
affairs and not in touch with European problems, tho intricacies of
which baffled his simple declafa
tions of politieal faith. When the
Covenant of the Leaguo of Nations
was published, we saw that he was
beaten, and that all he could do
henceforth was to get concessions,
but not to enforce principles. His
pronouncement upon Fiume was
last desperate but fruitless effort to
maintain the independence of American diplomacy. When he ahrunk
from doing what Orlando did and
leavo thc Conference, he became involved in the net of the Conference.
Little did he know when he started
from America that not one of the
Allied Governments oould support
him, and that if he pursued his
policy he would involve them
revolution. But he very soou saw
that this was so. His courago fail-
him and he gavo up as hopeless the
task which he set out to accomplish.
A mnn in that position drifts away
from his better self and finally even
opposes it. M. Clemeneoau is nn old
man, nnd old men turn their backs
upon the future and livo in the past.
It is most unfortunate that ho and
his immediate colleagues live
1871. Their Franco is not tho lady
of revolutionary ardour sweeping
boldly out into tho futuro whieh we
see on the placards, but the injured
damsel who has lost hor grace by
brooding over her misfortunes nnd
becomo shrill voiced by shrieking
that she will have revenge. M. Clemenceau has never made many pretentions that he is thinking of
peace nnd justice; the note of all
his speeches and the spirit of all his
actions have been "By everything
I hold sacred, I am now to wipe off
old scores." He stands for tho
France of the bourgeoisie, tho
France of the capitalist, tho unhappy France which has again and
again been a menace to Europe and
to itself, the France of Napoleonlsm
and gaudy show, tho France that
blindly aspires, the France that
charged our soldiers for a eup of
water ood imposed rent for the
ground where the bones of our dead
arc. There is a better and a greater
France—tho true France, but that is
hot in authority at present, and M.
Clemenceau, tbe avenger, knows
nothing ot it. Ho has been thc supremo powor at tho Conference. His
tactics have been magnificent. Ho
.has been far and away tho most
skilful diplomatist, tho most steady
it) his purposes, the best equipped in
his knowledge and resources. The
terms are his; tho interjected
phrases, asides, qualifications, and
unimportant provisions belong to the
others. The war was the child of the
Franco-German War; tho peace is
the child of the Treaty of Frank-;
fort. Signor Orlando has had a
smaller part to play, but he too,
knowing what he wanted, bas drivon
a hard bargain with an immovable
will. The Italian Government was
frankly out for conquest. Thero was
some territory over the Italian boon-
poidWneo has gone'out of Europe.
Indeed, melancholy is the prospect
before us if the spirit of Europe is
so.poor that it will not kick and
kick again against the artificial
States that' have been created.
Moreover, the most dangeroua pretentions of nationalism have been
encouraged, and peoples liko the
Poles, long held in bondage by precisely the same spirit which now
takes a revengeful delight in liberating them, havo been encouraged
to make the most extravagant demands and to go to tho most excessive extremes whilst the gontle*
men in Paris, like Severus, "condescended slightly to lament, that, to
bo mildj it was necessary that ho
should first be eruel." The flood
gates of Moslem conflict have also
been wantonly opened, first of alt
apparently in the folly of ignorance,
for I know that, until some persons
ihtorested in India intervened, pro
posals were made whici would have
left the Moslem without a capital
or a caliph to whim he could look.
In a sentence, the reparation of
Europe planned in Paris left Europe
in tho position it wait in whon Gibbon closed his history—unsettled
borders, ophemeral governments,
craving appetites, conflicting creeds,
negligible political authority, and
military power alone of any account.
At the time of writing thc follies
of the original document have become too patent to its authors, and
the1 truth of the criticisms we have
made upon it have become so apparent that they are trying to roviso
it. But they aro too deeply committed to evil and so tightly ensnared in their stupidity.
"Ah," but it is said, "whatever
may have happened, the Leaguo of
Nations lias been born." Let
putja reasonable amount of expectation upou the League of Nations.
We have had Leagues of Nations before. In subject nations today wc
see the blasting effects of peaco en*
forced upon weak peoples. The
wrong kind of League is worse than
no League at all. Of course there
is the chanco that if -democracy
comes into powor in a sufficient
number of States, this Executive of
Executives may become a leaguo of
peoples. But whilst we must not
err on the aide of being ungenerous,
we ought not to fall into the equally; .mischievous error of being complacent and of accepting this
Leaguo as something good in itself.
It is not that. It may bo the worst
part of the Treaty; it may be
bulwark for all those interests and
methods with which we arc at war-
if they are to dominate Europo I
prefer that they should do so un-
allied In such a League—if democra-
oytis to emerge it will be far easier
fop/it to form its own League than
to, amend this, This is why Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Bussia
shwild be in from the very flrst.
They ought to bo brought in not
merely for their own sakes, but
because without thom the Leagi
will be weak on its democratic side.
With theso young democracies in it,
it will havo a botter chance of becoming quickly a truly democratic
organ, and I am convinced that it is
not the war crimes of these countries tbat keep them out, but their
democracy. With these democracies
represented on tho Leaguo of Nations tho capitalist and imperialist
interests which now so completely
control the Allies will bo weakened,
so these democracies are kept out
tilt those interests get a firm grip on
the'Wchinc first of all.
These critical thoughts regarding
the peace proposals are quite independent of their meaning as a pun-
'shment imposed upon Germany and
Austria. In fact, that aspect of
daries which ought to belong to j them is secondary now, Two classes
Italy, but that was not what Italy;of minds will come to conclusions
wanted. It wanted truly foreign about these proposals. One will
soil; it wanted great dominion; it think of them exclusively in rela-
had the thirst of Imperial vanity \ tion to tbe war. It will considor
npon it; it knew that its entry into, that thoy are better than Gormany
the war could bring it no honor, but would have - imposed   upon   us  (a
it was determined that its emergence
into peace would bring It much territory. Finally, there is Mr. Lloyd
George, clover but unanchorcd, resourceful but without knowlcdgo,
whose bargains mako peace with
trouble, and whose settlements secure agreements with dissatisfaction. Of all tho plenipotentiaries ho
was the least fitted for his task. He
immerses himself In   whatever   he
totally irrelevant reflection even if
we do admit that as tho result of
the war Great Britain Is now te
adopt the lowest standards of the
German militarist mentality), and it
will justify itself by saying that
Germany deserves to be punished
and' to be deprived of tho power to
make further mischief. The reply
to those people is simple. Punishment must bo administered in suoh
has in hand; he is a mere spill on' a way as not to deprive tho chaatis-
whatever current he happens to ing hand of moral authority—these
float. He has been on both Bides of proposals are petty aad vindictive,
every controversy that has divided and are tho triumphant blows of
the Conference from time to time, small minds; punishment must be
Ho possesses to the full all the flash-1 definite even if it be a death wooing inconsistencies and audacities of tonce—these proposals impose rathe demagoguo, aU the goods and sponsibilitics whieh are undefined er
the bads of hiiu whoso success do- are vaguely defined; puniahmeat
pends on "mob" emotions (includ- must be borne by the guilty, Md
ing dukes occasionally) and whose must not be of sueh a nature aa %o
strength is in the weakness of his transform itself into a continuing
kind. He is uncertain in his policy,Ifeud and social menace—theae pro-
commits himsolf without reflection,'posals impose a punishment whieh ia
and sways in his judgments. When borne by tho whole of Europe, and
he camo to the House of Commons 'do, injustice not only to the guilty
and airly confessed that he knew nation bat to aU peoples. Tho
nothing of Tcschen, he rightly aa-' other type of mind wiH sea thnt
sumed that what was a grave dis- j these proposals deal aot with a
qualification for a diplomatist and
plenipotentiary would be a joke to
the crowd. When we appoint our
clerki we take precautions against?
their ignorance of arithmetic; when
we sent Mr. George to Paris we took
no care to securo a representative
quered nation, but with the reconstruction of Europe, and will seru-
friaize tho document aet aa tha pronouncement of a judge after a trial,
but as the decision of statesman
attp a survey. Tba flrst type of
mind is the survivor of tha horde
who was to settlo Europe with soms! psychology which   overran   Europe
Lnn->_i*>*iM «*   «..•_.-»«   «_,j   -j__j_.____.If__VTr_____i.-*_i _#!.-_   _!.x     _.£-
knowledge of Europo, and satisfy
claims with some information regarding their origin and meaning,
Mr. George must havo had many remorseful moments like the , signatories of tho protest to which I havo
referred, but I do him very little in-
justice if I say that ho has thought
oftonor of the speeches he is to mako
about tho work of tho Conference
than of the charactor of tbat work
itself. AH tho men havo been petty
minded; none have had vision. They
have only agreed in the end because
of the great scandal of their failure
to bargain successfully.
Such being the authors, need we
bo surprised at the proposals f To
inflict punishment on Germany they
outrage Europo; millions of Germans, Bussians, Jugo-Slavs, Bulgarians, Turks aro cut off from thcir
racial kinship; boundaries are
drawn without reference to the
popular will; areas rich in minerals
are attached to foreign states to
please the greed of capitalists. Violence has boen arbiter, and has delivered judgment* which will ba ae-
and plundered aftor victory; the
second is that type which gave us
thb great constructive conquerors of
tha Oharlcmagne order. So, whether
Germany signs or refuses to sign is
one of those questions of only momentary importance which become
dwaiffod so soon u the moment
passes; whether this document is
really to be the policy upon which
a violent attempt is to be made to
reconstruct Europe ia a matter of
conoera   for   many   generations.
Miners Enjoined
Coral, Pa.—Miners employed by
the Potter Coal and Coke oompany
organized, asked for union recognition and were immediately locked
out. Those living in company houses
were evicted. These acts failed to
break the spirit of the men, and
Common Pleas Court Judge Lang-
ham issued an injunction of tho most
sweeping character, prohibiting fhe
unionists from interfering "iu any
way," wiU tko businoss of Ue oom-
Knowledge and Experience of Co-operators
Assist Revolution
The third All-Bussian Labor Conference, held in Moscow in December of last year, passed resolutions
creating a central administration of
co-operative societies for tho purpose
of co-ordinating the movement for
the benefit of all Bussia.
N. Lenin, who was present at tha
conference, realized tne tremendous
value of tha co-operative movement
to the success of the revolution, and
plauded ths agreemont betwoen tba
Soviets and the Co-operators.
The resolutions recognise tht
struggle which is now going on between Labor and imperialistic capitalism, and that the boat .possible
means of distributing the necessities
of lifo to the workers should be
mode use of. To tbis end the aid of
Co-operation is invoked; It furnishes
a weapon for strengthening tho proletariat
The conference affirmed that at
the present time when the capitalistic system is in liquidation, and
whon the working class is taking
charge of tho directing of the political and economic life, the workers
must make use of overy available
resource for giving strength to their
cause. It waa resolved to creato central suppty communes ,antl to urge
that the Labor organizations see to
it that they elect majorities in the
councils of (he co-operative societies.
Lenin Endorses It
Lenin delivered an address on the
relation between thc Soviets and the
Co-operatives. He began by snying
that tho conference of tho Labor-Cooperatives is facing tho Important
problem of uniting tho economic and
political activities of the Labor organizations. Speaking of the polioy
of the Soviet power toward Co-operation he continued; "The agreement wo advocate must not be interpreted now in the same manner it
was formerly interpreted, ft is no
longer a question of agreement with
the bourgeoisie, but of mutual consent among the working class in their
struggle for justico. Now it is clear
to all, and even to tho groups of tho
small bourgeoisie, that the world is
divided into two poles, and that
thero is no place for middle parties
whose efforts to form a conciliatory
policy have been defeated. Considering that agreement with Co-operation is necessary, whilo the Soviet
power docs not change its attitude
of unrelenting strugglo with imperialism and capitalism, at the same
time it realizes the importance of
this agreoment. We are doing constructive work in whloh tho intensity of all the power of tho workers
is necessary, and in which the knowledge and experience of the co-operators can be of great service to us.
The chief aim of the Soviet power
was always to summon all the cooperative forces for the reconstruction of the oconomio existence, and
wo are on the way to it."
Free Speech With a String
Homestead, Pa.—Froe speech—
with a string—is assured trado unionists in this city, who asked the
temporary town exocutive for a permit to hod a publie meeting. The
regular executive is on his vacation
and the substitute is superintendent
in a steel plant. Tho official refused
to give a written permit, but told
tho workors to "go ahead and hold
your meeting."
The hall keepers have strict orders not to rent a hall unless tho
parties can show a written permit.
Tho unionists then attempted to
hold a street meeting and Wm. B.
Foster, secrotary of the national
committee for organizing iron snd
steel workers, and Organizer Beag-
hon, were arrested. The chief of police informed the unionists that
there will be no meetings permitted.
Chicago—W. I. Haywood has been
released from the Leavenworth penitentiary, pending hearing of arguments for a new trial. A total of
$53,400 in property and Liberty
bonds woro furnished to cover his
bonds. William Bross Lloyd, millionaire and Chicago Socialist, furnished $27,500.
Protest!
Man is long _uft«ie| and the
•"mum pacha* is built for remarkable endurance. The pro.
cobs of living goes on despite
assaults on every side calculated to interrupt it, Yot
there comes a time of protest
and this is a deicato and
important period not to he ignored. This ia a time for
searching Into causes and the
planning of remedies. Human
society as a whole proteata
against the units that disturb
the harmony of the organization. And the human unit, an
organization ia itself, protests
against thaw disturbing unitt
which militate against the* harmony, which is health. Whea
th. looiii.niuigawnt, ea* o( the
most Imports-it units la th. human
machine, fall* iau> di.np.lr, th*
whole n-.chln. goos .wry.
Pain is a pnltat stslnst * die-
turbsoe. ud tho csuio ofton Hm
in Ih. teoth. Nino-toalhs of all
Ill-health arliea front th. t..lh.
So. mo soon.
Dr. Lowe
Hne Dentistry
HASTINOS   AND   ABBOTT
nm ley. KM
Opposite Woodward's
T.B.CUTHBKRTSONftCo.
Mtn'a Hatten ud Outfitter.
«M Oraa-flU* Street
Sit Haatinge Btreet Weet
SFZOUU,
"ll
OTOB
FBIDAT AMI SATD1SAT
60c Hind • Hour •*<! Almond
for  ....„„  eat
25c Rold's Corn Cu.        ,  «■*«
20c Snap
-tea
•1.00 Wroth*, gate aad Salpkar-TM
50? Bay Sua —    * *—
IS. Abler'. S.IU
•0. Willi.-.'. Flak Fill. _...
85o 1.0 Salt. .
soo Parrl.h'. Chealsal I*od .
tl.OO ttuutod Ir.a .
Soe Ola Pill. .
-tea
-at*
25c Chas.'. Kid.-._t Liter Pill.
85o WtUh'Hi'.i'lUvi'."l S««_Me
75o Biearsted MafoHl* Ha
tl.Tf Hull.*'. llalMd Milk -4AM
•1.00 Bitr. Fhowtata ......__3le
25. add'. CihoH. Qlat_u*t...__Me
?5* _*"??• J»WS» — '!•
W. Styptic Po.clto .._,_, » te
SO. Stud's Iroa Pills  _„tle
«5» Miatrt's Ueliseal lie
as. Raid's Fix Cm ttm awl*
tm)  „ .Zlle
UoWt
Ju) .
Toolk   Pul,
F-Jm Oil.. «*ap—I oakae for.
Baltlai Cut*—II  1-t  pisi
2ff
or.ja*
War Ttt —Ira met* l*t*lM4
Van-cower Drag Co.
loons
Ih.   Orl|t_al   Oat-late
etttaam
nan troia
Ml Huttafi Strut Wut
*- lHi-lHI
■RAMOBMOBII
7 Haitian St. W. I
718 Onnvia< I
an Ham at a*j*. ten
17*1 OuuHtdal Bttn
Hla*. Ill aaa 1711-0
Oor. Oiaa-Wl* sad lrsaawey
aat. ttu mt m«-o
MS
Phone ley. Ill     Day et Wight
Noam, Thornton A Oltgg
TONEBAL MBJWTOBB
SSI Homer St.  Vancouver, 8. 0.
HELP ALONG!
Patronize Federationitt Advertisers
Here They An, Indexed for Ton
Mr. Union Kan, Ont Thia Out aad Ota It te Tear Wife
Banks
Bank Of Toronto, Hastinga A Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New Weak.
minster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches in Vancouver, 88 in B. C.
Bakeries
Shelly's _  Phone Fairmont 44
Tisdalls Limited..'
Kruley le Co	
J. A. Flett	
Bicycles
..018 Haatinga Street Weal
...343 Main Street, Seymour 2751
  Hastings Street Wait
Billiards
Pocket Billiard Parlor.  ...
Con -Tones (Brunswick Pool Booms)	
...42 Hastings Street Baal
—.Hastinga Btreet Beat
Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Shoe Co.,   _	
Nodelay Shoo Co   	
Pierre Paris*
119 Hastings Street Kaet
1047 Granville Btreet
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Ingledew Shoe Btore...
04 Haatinga Stnet Weat
 .Hastings StreetEaat
Bank Bullet.	
Oood Data Cafe	
Trocadero Cafe	
.-600 OranviUe Street
Cafes
 .Comer Hastings and Homer Streeta
 110 Cordova and 021 Pender Went
  .....150 Hutinp Street Weit
Chinaware and Toys
Millar * Coe. Ltd ~ 41» Hastlnga Street Weat
.Cigars
El Doro and all Union Label Cigars
The Great
West Produce
and Grocery
1126 Granville SL
Phone Sey. 3695
We have all kinds of
fresh groceries, fruits
and vegetables.
Prompt Delivery
Soxraa lobor. Tha Coupons
with -M-th package aaa s
Arnold A Quigley...
Claman's Ltd...
Clotting: and Gent's Outfitting:
Clubb k Stewart	
B. C, Outfitting Co.	
B. C. Tailoring Co	
Wm. Dick Ltd...
...540 Oranvillo Street
..153 Hastlngi Street West
.309-315 Hastings Streot West
—342 Hastinga Street West
 128 Haatinga Streot Eaat
.....33*49 Haatinga Streot Eaet
Thoa. Fostor * Co., Ltd   ."  514 OranviUe Street
J. W. Foster & Co., Ltd.  345 Heatings Street West
J. N. Harvey Ltd  126 Hastings West and Victoria, B. a
The Jonah-Prat Co  401 Hastings Street Weet
New Tork Outfitting Co    143 Hastinga Stroet West
Bickson's     810 OranviUe Street
Dav[d Jponcer Ltd    .Hastinga Street
W. B. Bturoitt...
Thomas A McBain...
 Cordova Street
...OranviUe Street
Woodwards Ltd...
T. B. Cuthbertsons A Co	
Kirk A Co., Ltd...
 Hastings and Abbott Streeta
..Granville Stroet and Hastinga Stntt
Coal
Maodonald Marpole Co...
1 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 405
 1001 Main Street
Hillcrest Dairy ....
Valley Dairy 	
Dairies
 Phone Fair. 1934
   I-hone Bay. 581
Dentists
Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Cassolman.- M2 Haatinga Weat
Dr. W. J. Curry 301 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell  Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
Dr. H. K. Hall 19 Hastings Street East, Seymour 4041
Dr. Lowe Corner Hutings and Abbott Streeta
Drinks
Bank Buffett Cor Hastinga and Homer Streeta
Britannia Beer - Westminster Bravery Co.
Cascado Beer Vancouver Breweriee Ltd.
Tail—Soft Drink*.   _ 409 Dunsmuir Street
Van Bros....-     _  Ciders and wiaea
Dry Goods
Gordcn Drysdale Ltd   Oranvillo Street
Florists
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd _ 48 Hastings East and 728 OranviUe Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center A Hanna Ltd - _.1049 Georgia, Seymour 2421
Nunn, Thomson A Olsgg—  . 531 Homer Strcel
Furniture
Hastings Furniture Co •• -...41 Hastings Stroot Weet
Groceries
Cal-Van Market - Haatiags Street Opposite Pantages
"Bkttcra" (three stores) Hustings, OraavUle and Main Streets
B. T. Wtllaoe Marketaria 118 Hastings Street West, Seymonr 1204
Woodwards   Hastinga and Abbott Streets
Spencers Ltd..'.  — — — Bastings Street
Broadway Table Supply  611 Broadway Eaat
Insurance
Merchant*' Casualty Co.— Bogers Building
Jewelers
Birks Ltd Granvillo and Georgia Streeta
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin.— _.(Malkin*a Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Twin Bute (Jns. Thomson A Sons, Vancouvor, B. 0.)
"Big Horn" Brand (Turnor Beeton A Co., Victoria, B. C.)
Paints
Hunter Henderson Paint Co 012 Gramillo Stroet
Printers and Engravers
Cowan A Brookhouse _ _ Lnbor Tomple
Ut.land*Dibble  Tower Buildiug
Railways
P. 0. E   und Ihe   C. N. &
Tools
J. A. Flett   Heatings Street West
Martin, Finlaysen A Mather.... Hastings Street Wost
Theatres and Movies
Hmproae , Orpheum   Pantagaa Columbia _ Maple heal PAGE SIX
ELBVBNTH TBAB.   No. 31 XHJS   BlUTlBll  VAJLiUMBlA   FEDERATIONIST      VANCOUVER, B. C.
Read What This
Vancouver Woman Said—
A prominent Vancouver woman expressed herself in
the following manner: "If you have anything to do
with the management of this Market, I want to express
tny thanks. Tbis is my flrst visit and I am certainly
delighted with the spotless cleanliness, as well as the
courteous treatment. It is a pleasure to be able te get
JUST WHAT YOU WANT, AND AT SUCH
REASONABLE PRICES."
This lady expressed in words on her first visit, what
many Vancouver women are expressing by their
actions in returning to shop at THE CAL-VAN
MARKET again and again. Evidently, they too, appreciate the high standard of service—the quality and
freshness of the foedatufft—and tke elimination of
the Middlemen's profits, and consequent rerti-.■.'■ n in
price.
We ask you, too, to investigate.
Cal-Van Market
BA1TDWI K.
orrotin fahtases
i i i . i i . . . > i i-a |i im* 1.1..
NATURE'S VERDICT f
»-»«..|ii i"i i i ihm mil Bi»iiini».»en*n>i*»ieiei*»<i|M>is |iiu s+++>++A9m ■■»■*■-■»'I i »».i n < i»^.»4
Vancouver Unions
TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL—Bx-
ecu tive committee: FmMnt, K.
Winch; viespreiideit, J. K»v»n»gh;
trewrirer, 9. KMwtet; SHfunt-st*sms,
W. A. Alsnnder; traitoM, W. A. Prit-
-uu-d, W. H. Cotirel), P. McDmmU, H.
QutUridfe; sstxsUuj, V. ft. MUgisr,
HUiobi 21> Utor Tempi:	
ALLIED   PBINTINO   TBADES   COUN-
c_—Meets    eeeoid    Mondar    U    tke
monk.    Prudent, J. P. UcCflBBeII;MC-
_______ B. H, WielenJi. P. 0. Bw 86.
90UBITETHEN BABBEBS1 INTERNA-
tional Union ot America, Loeal No.
120—Meete aecond and fvarth Tuesdays
la the month, Boom 206 Labor Temple.
Preaident, C. E. Herrltt; secretary, 8. H.
Orant,  020 Cambie Street.
BROTHKKHOOD OP BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship BilMen and Helper* ot-
America, Vancouver Lodge No, IM—
Meeta every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident,
It. A. MoRachern, 1245 Alberni St.; aee-
retary- treasurer, Angus Praeer, 1161
Howe Street.
TYPOOBAPHICAL UNION No. M6—
Meett last Snnday of each month at
p.m.   Preaident, W. H. Jordan; vlee*
preildent,    W.    H.    Youhill;    eeoretarr*
treasurer, R. H. Neelanda, Box 06.
BRIDGE STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
and Reinforced Iroawarkeri, Local 67
—Meet* seeond and fonrth Mondays.
President Jas. HaBtings; tnanetal sac*
retary and treasurer, Roy Maeaecar, 1646
12th Ave. East.
BROTHERHOOD OT CARPENTERS,
Local No. 61T—Meets every aeeond
Ind fourth Monday craning, I o'clock,
Ubor Temple. Preeldent, J. B*tf; tM*
retary, K. J. Temoin, 1226 Georgia Bast;
business agent and financial aeeretary.
B. 0. Thom, Room 206 Ubor Temple.
Pbone Sey. 7495.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS. LOOAL No.
219—MeeU at 440 Pender Street
Weat, every Monday-, 6 p.m. Preaident, H. H. WaodtUe, 440 Pender W.;
recording aeeretary, W. Poulkes, 440 Pan*
der Street West; financial aeeretary and
bnaineai agent, B. H. Morriion, 440
Pander Straet Weat; assistant secretary,
f. B. Burrows. 	
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU
In annua) convention ln January. Ex*
eutiva oBcers, 1618-19; Preaident, J.
Ksvaaai h, Ltbor Temple, Vancouver;
viee-preaidenti—Vancouver Ialand: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Vietoria, J, Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Catey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrull, P. McDonneil; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; Weat Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberto; Crow's
Nest Paia, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treaaurer, A. 8.
Wells, Ubor Temple, 40S Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
HOTEL      AND     RESTAURANT   .EM-
ployees,   Loeal  28—Moats   every   list
Wedneaday In tha month at 3:80 p.m.
tnd every third Wedneaday In tho month
at 6:30 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
secreUry and bul-neat a-gsat, W. Mae-
kenilf. oBee and moeting hall. 614 Pan*,
der St. W. Phone Bay. 1681. OBea^
hours: 11 ta 12 noea; » ta 6.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WO_£
era' Onion—Meets 2nd art 4th Fri-
dan, 30S Lahor Ttmple. Praaldant, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apis., Burrard Btreet;
•ternary treasurer, D. J. Basil. 616
Densmuir Stroet.
W. 0. LOaOERS' UNION—ABUated
with B. 0. Federation of Ubor and
Vancouver Tradaa aad Ubor Council—
An Industrial union of all workers ln
lolling and construction camps. Headquarters, 61 Cordova Street West, Vaneonver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7856. E,
Winch, teereUry-treaanror; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald A Co., Vaneonver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. ButUr
A Chiene, Vanconver, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Aaaoclatlon, Loeal 8662—OBce and
ball, 804 Pender Street West. MeeU
first and third Fridays, 8 p.m. SecreUry-treasurer, F. Chapman; business
a-gont. p. Sinclair.	
AMALGAMATED MEAT COTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Onion  No.  648—
MeeU first and third Taeadays of each
month, Labor Temple, 6 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills: Ncording secretary, Fred
Lilly; financial seeretary and business
agent,  T. W. Anderson,  567  Homer St.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OP
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meeta second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Laber Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 816 Tenth Ave. North
Vaneoaver; financial secretary,, E. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording secrotary, J. D. Uaeaell, 026 Commercial
Drive.    Phono High. 2I04R,
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
FaaUnoH, I.L.A., Loeal Onion 38A,
Series 6—MeeU the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month. Labor Temple, 6 p.m.
Pmldent, John Bally; financial aeeretary. M. A. Phelps; baseness agent and
corresponding secretary, W. Ue. OBee,
Boom 219-280 Ubor Temple.
ONE BIG UNION UNIT 5 Steam and
Operating Engineers — MeeU every
Monday, 7:30 p.m., Ubor Temple. Preaident, F. L. Hut; vice-president. Percy
Chapman; aecreUry-treaaurer and business agent, W. A. AUxaader.   Boom 216,
Ubor Temple.   Phone Seymour 7495.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Planner DlvUlon, Ro. 101
—MeaU A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant.
1st snd Srd Mondays at 8 p.m. Presl'
dont,   W.   H.   Cottrell;   recording   secre
Ury, A. V. Uf'lag, 8236 St. Catherines
Straet; treata/or, E. S. Oovcland;
Inanelal seeretsry and butancss afont,
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clerk Drive; office
corner Prior and Main ttreeU.
JOORNEYMEN TAILORS' ONION OF
America, Local No. 176—Meetings held
first Monday In eaeh month, 6 p.m. Preeldent, J. T. Elsworth; vice-preeident, A.
R. Gatenby; recording secreUry, C. Ma-
Donald, P. 0. Box 508, Phone Seymonr
8281L; financial aecreary, Bobt. McNcisk,
P. 0. Box 508.	
GENERAL TEAMSTERS, CHAOFFEtRS
* WAREHOUSEMEN, Vanoouver Unit
of 0. B. U.—Meets every Wednesday, 8
p. m. President H. Mills; business
agent, F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenue
East; aecreury treasurer, J. Hartley, 687
Homer street. Office, 587 Homer street.
Phone, Sey. 4117.
Provincial Unions
VICTORIA. B. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Ubor -Council—MeeU first and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 6 p.m. Preeldent, B. Simmons; vice-president, T.
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Chriatlan
BivcrU, P. 0. Box 302, VJcUris, B. C.
NORTH VARCOWEB
O. B. OF CARPENTERS AND JOIN-
era, Local 1777—MeeU firat and third
Mondays ln I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Uwor Kieth
Road Eait, at 8 p.m. Preaident, W.
Cummlngi, 10th Street Eaat, North Vaneonver; financial aecreUry, Arthur Roe,
HO—18th St. W.. North Vancouver.
________ BOPBBT, B. C.
H\HCK ROPBRT TRADES AND LA-
' bor Council—Meett seoond and fonrth
Tuesdays of saeh month, in Carpenters'
Hall, Preaident, W. E, Thompson; see-
rotary. Geo. Koddorham. Bei 378, Prines
Rupert, B. C.
Tbe cost of living in Oreat Britain
has decreased four shillings and
nine pence per week since November. Statistics provided hy the Ca-
nadian Department of Labor show
.that the weekly cost in Canada in
the snme period have increased about
■ 30 eents, and the Canadian statistics
- only cover about 60 per cent, of the
articles that an average family purchases.
CUTS
And Commercial Art
for me In
Newspapers,   Catalogues,   Souvenir
Booklets, Etc.
618 HAITUKM IT. W.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCOBPOBATED 1M»
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up.
Reserve aad Undivided Profits.
Total' Assets '_  _.
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 15,000,000
$ 16,000,000
_________________________     ...|430,OW,000
666 branches in Canada, Newfoundland Md Britiih
Weet Indies.
Alio branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streeta.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weit.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Ave. Weit
|i.r>0 Commercial Drive,
     orncr Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street..
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
.   Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouvor, New Westminster and 28 other
points in British Columbia.
■FECIAL ATTENTIOH IS OITEK TO BAVOfOI AOOOUNM
One dollar opens •■ account OB wkick interest is poll half-yearly
st current rates.
THOI. PEACOCK, C. W. PKA—US, VUCM-ra,
Manager VaaeNTW Smack Sups-rvtsoi tee B. 0.
■uon
Con
m
flbri
THE following article taken frota'
the Now Statessnan will give
thoee working for child wel
fare something to ponder over. It is
shown that in spite of all the aids
to child welfare, that Bradford has
a larger mortality rate amongst infants, than has Itosseommon in Ireland, whieh has no such aids for infants.
Let us look on this picture and
on that, finding the .most ironic contrast, the master paradox, and the
key to radical destiny in Nature's
Verdict thereon.
This picture is the city of Brad
ford, whicli presents the most remarkable and poignant vital statistics in England today. It offers its
newcomers what would appear te be
every possible advantage. The eity
hae long been prosperous, both be*
fore the war (which has merely accentuated the lines of the vital-mortal picture) and since 1014. Owing
to the importance of wool, Bradford
haa latterly become more prosperous
than ever, and recent figures show
that, in such matters as subserip
tions to war charities and so forth,
this eity takes the lead. In propor-
tion to its numbers, about 300,000, it
is perhaps the wealthiest community
in the United Kingdom. Further, it
is extremely generous—second to
none in this also. Tho citizens givo
freely to all manner of good causes,
and the municipality is as generous
as the citizens.  It spends some 20,-
000 pounds a year on infancy alone,
and this sum is duplicated by the
local government board, so that the
few babies of Bradford, born into
a -community of extremely high general prosperity, also have 40,000
pounds a year spent on their special
interests—thia working out at the
highest rate of expenditure on infancy of any part of theso islands.
Given these two large facts we
must ascertain only a third in this
part of the picture. Is the -money
so generously spent also spent wise-
lyf The answer again is superlative,
All things considered, it is probable that Bradford spends its money
on infancy moro skillfully, with moro
foresight, scionco and co-ordination
than any other municipality in this
country. It had until recently tho
services of three splendid servants
and students of infancy, Councillor
E. J, Smith, chairman of the health
committee, whose book on '' Radical
Regeneration," with a particularly
valuable account of Bradford's system of municipal milk supply, was
published by Messrs. P. S. King last
year; Dr. John Buchan, the medical
officer of health, and Br. Helen
Campbell, the director of tho infant
welfare department. Mr. Smith was
told by his doetor, some years ago,
that he must choose between his
business and his publie health work.
He chose what he loved, nnd devoted himself to it—nine o 'clock every
morning at the Town Hall, He regularly travelled to and from London
in one day to attend the National
Birthrate commission. Only too suddenly his heart failed, and he died
without seeing the fruit of his -devoted, exhausting and wholly unrewarded labors. He lost his only son in
the war, and gave his own life in
the noblest campaign of peace. I
houor him as the very type of the
men who have made our country
great.
Let us note how these three devotod workers proceeded. They havo,
for instance, the finest system of
municipal midwifery in tbo country
—so good that visitors from the
United States and the Continent used
to be sent to study it when thoy
asked the highest authority at the
local government board what was
really worth seeing. Thero is also
what should perhaps logically havo
been named first, a splendid system
of free feeding for expectant mothers. The mothers, however, are so
prosperous — note this well — that
they do not patronize their feeding
centre, which has been converted into a national kitchen. The infant
department is a model of its kind.
(The reader will understand that I
have seen and lived with all these
details myself and am not offering
him anything merely from reports.
1 visited Bradford frequently, never
without learning from tho three students I havo named, and I am writing in Bradford now.) No municipality or private person should attempt to set up such a place without making a careful and prolonged
study of Bradford's admirable infant department in all its details of
method and equipment. I hope to
study such things in New York and
other Trans-Atlantic cities jn a few
weeks, but at the moment I do not
sec how Bradford could be surpassed
in this respect, and I certainly shall
be surprised if I find anything as
good in either the Unitod States or
Canada.
Until thc last few years there were
two points whoch perhaps were open
to question and which one always
raised. Onc wns the lack of any system of ante-natal care comparable to
the rest of thc machinery. (And
pray where was such a system to be
found!) The othor was that, under
the influence of exaggerated teaching about the injury dono to milk
by rterilizing it, the milk used for
the infants was always raw, though
the municipality was not ablo to
control tbe conditions of its production. Both these points have been
met. Bradford now has a fine antenatal equipment, and it has adopted,
from the United States, the system
of milk grading and certification
whieh the ministry ef food and Mr.
Wilfred Buckley, the director of
milk supplies, rightly desire to introduce throughout this country.
What they hope for, Bradford has
already done. Further, there is a
large uso of tho invaluable dried
milk which has been a boon to infancy in so many places and whieh
is incomparably superior to any milk
the production of which has not beon
controlled by scientific cleanliness.
And now, you ask, what are the
results! Well, tho answer Is a blow
In the face—very nearly but not
quite a knockout blow. What I
have described has been running for
many years now, with steady improvement in principle and detail.
Further, those who work for the babies havo had what .is almost universally proclaimed to bo the immense advantage of a very low
birth-rate, which has fallen from
year to year, so that their task of
saving the few babies that were-born
should have been e-asicr each year
that the year before. The upshot
is an infant mortality which now
stands at about 135, witb ao notable
'improvement for many yean, > abdtthe mills close we see the procession
againat a birth-rate which was Only
13.06 in 1017 and probably leas, according to a provisional estimate,
last year. The general death-rates
for those two years were, lDliy.MO;
1918 (provisional) 18.0. The 'influenza was a large factor of the last
two year's death-rate and the' War
affected all the figures of the'lrist
two years, but when the most librfral
discount is made for these exceptional factors, the conclusion remains
that wealthy, generous, scientific
Bradford is dying out and that these
wonderful and admirable efforts to
save it seem futile. The explanation
that the stock is inherently defective
is immediately negatived* by the
quality of many of the living and
by the record in the war of Bradford's splendid soldiers (whose
deaths are not included, observe, in
the dreadful figures foregoing/
Bofore we attempt to interpret
what Booms an absurdity, and to
show that it is really a paradox
(which is a seeming absurdity), let
ua help ourselves by looking at tho
seeond picture, which I have chosen
becauso of the extreme contrast
which it offers to Bradford in overy
particular I have named—and, above
all, in the one particular which I
have designedly refrained from naming. (Have you already asked yourself, "Yet,  yes'  but  what  about
-!")
Let us go almost where you will
in the west of Ireland or, for choice,
since the figures are in my head,
to County Roscommon in Con nan ght.
Instead of wealth hero is poverty]
as extreme as Bradford's prosperity.
Instead of Bradford's applied science, here is ignorance—nay, the
people's heads are largely crammed
with active superstition. In many
particulars wo see ignorance in action, which Goethe called the most
dangerous thing in the world. The
public and explicit provision for infancy is really best left undescribed.
No one would visit or send others
tb visit Roscommon in order to admire its medical, nursing, ante-natal,
obstetric,. housing, municipal or voluntary resources. The birth-rate,
when standardized to correspond to
the number of women or reproductive age, is extremely high. The figure is about 45 or moro. In other
words, the families are enormous.
Now, in very many cases, the birthrate and death-rate, especially the
infant death-rate, go together. Where
many babies are born, their death-
rate is high; and conversely.'1 Tfiis
high positive correlation betwebn
birth and doath-rato is exploited %y
tho Neo-Malthusians who, begeiiig
the question, assume, and base nil
thcir anti-Socialist teaching, alf'th^ir
propaganda against poverty, oh the
assumption that correlation is' ^inflation, that the way to lower a flcath-
rate is to lower the birth-rate. Bradford and Roscommon provo iMtfa-
taneously that tho Nco-MalthoRtB_ts
aro guilty of the commonest ot 'all
fallacies—to confound correlation
with causation. In this, as iri hofctR
of cases in overy domain of being,
results which are causally indepctfd-
ent may and will vary together—
show a positive correlation—If,*'for
instance, they be both duo to the
same cause or set of causes. I do
not assert that there is never any
causal relation between birth-rates
and death-rates; but I do assert that
tho cases I have cited disposo of
the fundamental Malthusian contention, which is clearly an example,
supremely dangerous, of the common
fallacy.
What, then, is the infant mortality
of Roscommon, with its very high
birthrate and its plentiful lack.of all
thoso good things which. Bradford
provides so abundantly! Well, about
35, as compared with Bradford's 135.
It is the most significant and astonishing contrast in all tho vital statistics that I hove ever seen, Omitting 1018, becauso of the influenza,
let me givo approximate figures for
a typical year in* juxtaposition:
Infant
 Birth-rate Death-rate
Bradford 13 135
Roscommon  45 35
It may bo said that this is tho
contrast between town and country.
But that is not so; thore are country
paces—not in Ireland—with figures
of the order of Bradford's, and the
figures of Huddersfleld, for instance,
which has the influenco of Mr. Benjamin Broadbcnt, our great practical
pioneer, are very different to Bradford 's, with the expenditure of very
much less money. Further, as* few
know, even among real students, the
infant mortality of Germany and
Holland is higher in the country
than in the towns. As for the palpable nonsense which has been, written about urban smoke, I have disposed of that elsewhere, and so may
anyone else who compares, for instance, the respective mortalities of
Jewish and English babies in Leeds
or of Jewish Irish and English babies in Whitechapol. That smoke
theory ends whero it began.
The world-famous student who
was until recently our highest official on this subject told mc that,
with all my praise of Bradford, I
hnd forgotten one omlsBion—tlmt
there is "not enough domiciliary visitation" in Bradford. I am not an
official, and will simply call that
home-visiting, for the shorter word
is tho key to all, But why ii thero
not enough home-visitingt
Because thero aro no homes—or
very few. In all the foregoing I
have not so much as lrtnted at thc
one thing that supremely matters—
the mother, the natural savior of the
baby. I have written, In the modern
style, as if we were not mammals,
I have ignored the fundamental sin
of Bradford and our civilization
agninst thc laws of lifo. I do not
use the word in a theological senso,
for I am not a theologian; here it
suffices to be a biologist and a mammal.
In Bradford the mothers aro incomplete. Somo 90 per cent, of them
go out to work. The homo disappears. "Humanised" milk, which
was cows' milk before "humanizn-
tion" and is cows' milk still—thn
only wny to humanize milk being to
pass it through a human mother-
feeds young Bradford and young
Bradford dies. The modern fashion
in skirts has permitted nw, this afternoon, in walking three hundred,
yards in Bradford, to see more bowlegs—that is, rickets—than I wonld
Bee in a lifetime in thc west of Ireland. Our Continental friends, and
enemiei call rickets the English disease, as they may; and tho Irish
may call it so, too, if they will.
Here industry flourishes, and when]
of mothers rushing to the hovels
where thoy left their babies in the
morning, as Mr. J. H. Thomas has
lately said. Production—of everything but producers—is maintained,
woalth aggregated, by the accursed
industrial system whieh breaks up
the home, tempts the mother or the
possible mother to worship the calf
of gold in place of the chUd of life,
to prevent conception, to produce
abortion, or to desert her child if,
despite all her efforts, she has one.
So money is to blame after all, despite the splendid generosity of tho
municipality. It is idolatry; and the
wages of sin is racial death.
In Roscommon the mothers are
mammals still. The home may not
bo visited, but it is a home. The
housing is poor enough, but tho homing is the real thing. Tho baby is
in its poor, ignorant, ignored mother's arms, its lips are at her nipple,
and it lives and thrives. If wo could
add what Bradford haB to what Roscommon hss, infant mortality and infant damage would practically disappear. (This for Mr. Chesterton,
who would seem to infer a condemnation of infnnt welfare work from
a recent comment on these figures.
Docs he know whut Mr, Broadbcnt's
admirable visitors have achieved in
Huddersfleld, whore many homes
still remain, or how welcome they
naturally aro in the homes they
help!) I assume, of course, that the
mother can safely be a mother—for
syphilis is almost unknown in rural
Ireland; whilst I need hardly say
that it is rife nnd increasing in
Bradford, as the latest dreadful figures from the Infant department
show. In a word, infant mortality
and racial survival aro social problems of motherhood. If the social
problem of motherhood bo solved,
thc doctor and tho student nnd the
visitor aro nearly superfluous; if it
be not solvedy they are nearly futile.
In Bradford, as elsewhere, the
manufacturers and tho mothers,
backed by public departments such
as the ministry of munitions, are in
favor of maintaining the system of
prostituting motherhood to machinery which tho war of necessity aggravated. I raise this protest agatnst
these powerful forces, to which
many aggressive brands of anti-female feminism may bo added. Those
old figures from Birmingham, which
show the scarcely astonishing fact
that a baby starving to death
through poverty is more likely to
livo if its mother goes out and earns
money for food, will be cited against
mo but will evidently leave my
withers unwrung. Survey the range
of life, insect, fish, reptile, bird,
mammal from monotreine and marsupial—duckmole and kangaroo—up
to tho tiny grey squirrel I saw in
Kensington gardens on Faster Monday, chased by a horde of horrible
boys, carrying its baby in its mouth,
running up a treo, jumping from a
slender oscillating branch to thnt of
thc next tree, which held its nest
where it left its young in high safety; and so on to cat and dog and
monkey and ape and man and you
cannot but be assured that Bradford expresses, like the illegitimate
death-rate anywhere, tho consequences of the fundamental social
crime, which is to divorce mothers
and children, whilst Roscommon, like
the sub-human races I havo na-pied,
expresses the verdict of wisdom—
Whom nature hath joined together
lot not man put asunder,
LENS.
Packers Start Back Fin
Washington.—Meat Packers have
started a back firo against pending
legislation in congress that would license tho packing industry. Stockholders in the network of secondary
corporations are called upon to petition nntional lawmaker to voto
against thiB proposal. In a lotter issued by tho Swift corporation it is
stated that tho proposed law "should
be opposed by every investor in
every industrial enterprise,"
Congressmen and senators are being flooded with protests that, if forwarded by trade unionists, would result in charges by editors and manufacturers' associations that organized labor is "trying to bully con-
grcBS."
Win Threo Yean' Strike
Pittsburg, Pa.—Threo yoars ogo
union conl miners started an organizing campaign throughout tho Allegheny valley. They were successful,
except in the case of the McFetidge
Brothers Coul company and tho Pittsburg Plate Glass company. Thc
former concern, however, has agreed,
after threo years of lighting, to recognize the union and has signed an
agreemont similar to that signed by
other union coal companies.
Grocery Bargains
—AT    THE-
MARKETARIA
Tke Btore to Save Ton Money
Alberta Creamery,    *|   lyg
fancy; 3 lbs  tpiel O
Pacific Milk, baby she; e_m
i tins for  -C.OC
Pacific Milk, 20-01. IO
can.  - ts-C
Buttercup, 20 oz. *| -1
can  11C
Golden Crest Baking      | m
Powder, 12-oz. can 1 OC
Engle and Reindeer       OA
Condensed Milk  _UC
Australian Jams, special, OC-,
2 tins for OOC
Vanilla Extract-—2-oz.     og-
bottle, 3 for _OC
Atlas, Mason and E Z Seal Preserving Jars—
Quarts, per dor.cn  ...11.66
Pints, per dozen  11.36
Half-gallons  41.90
New Potatoes, OC_,
8 lbs. for  AOC
S. T.Wallace's
Marketaria
118 HASTINOS 8T. WEST
ALL SETTLED
Rancher-Logger Helps to
Keep  Down
Wages
The strike at Empire Camp 0 of
the Genoa Bay Company at Cowichan Luke has been settled to the
satisfaction of the men, who stood
by the strike in flne shape. They
kept tho job actively picketed all
the time and to this is undoubtedly
duo tho final success of their action.
This leaves a clean striko slate as
far as the organization is concorned except for tho troublo on the
West Kootenay Light and Power
line, where tho mon nre Btill trying
to improve conditions. The works
of the Canada Copper Corporation
at Princeton, Allonby and Copper
Mountain are still on thc unfair list.
All employers havo now been approached with reference to the employment of men through the Union
Hall, They havo also had tho camp
conditions schedule put up to them
and aro taking action upon it
through thcir association this week.
At Sunday's meeting considerable
discussion took place upon tho question of adequately protecting tho
workers who arc being discriminated
against by tho governmental authorities. At the presont time the
action is being directed moro particularly againBt the so-callod alien,
but it is fully realized that if the
authorities feel they can safely get
away with such actions they will nut
hesitate to extend tho scope of their
activities and ultimately lay hands
upon any member of organized labor
whose particular views or actions
are not exactly in accord with tho
wishes of the existing regime. Nevertheless it is but little use for a
small number of workers to try and
carry the whole load of bringing tho
government to a realization of the
fact that whilst their wishes and
personal interests may be conserved
by censorships and deportations, yet
the progress of industrial development and the awakening of tho
class-consciousness of the workers,
makes such action at this timo unsafe. Thc action which may bo
necessnry to enlighten tho powers
that bo must come from the great
mass of the workers. And come it
will in due season, not, as somo
would have, by imposition by lenders, but by spontaneous clnss awakening and action by the masses.
In futuro all proceedings of thc
business meetings will be published
in the worker.
The question of tho election of
delegates to the 0. B. U. convention
must be taken up by the membership. Various proposals were submitted on Sunday, it being finally
approved that each district should
elect a delegate, or whero a district
is too small in membership to bo entitled to a representative that it
combine with another district for
thia purpose.
As soon ns possible a complete
and up-to-dato book of constitution
and bylaws will bc issued to all
members of the organization.
In last week's report considerable
FRIDAY  Angsst 1, l«l|
LOSE A.
F.OFL
Daily Press Uses Dubb
Crystal Gazer for
Reporter
A crystal gazer employed by the
Vancouver Daily Sun reports that
8000 miners of District 18 have gone
back to the fold of the A. P. of L.
Of course thc Btory is fob-to because
the charter of District 18 was only
taken away a few days ago, so how
is it possible fer the late membership, scattered all over B. C. and
Alberta, to have taken action and
decide to go back in saeh a short
time.- The mine owners of Alberta
and British Columbia called the international officers into Oalgary for
the purpose of forcing the issue be*
tweon tho men who had endorsed
the 0. B. U. and those who were in
favor Of remaining loyal to the
A. F. of L. Tho mine owners were
ready to settle the strike, which had
been on for seven weeks, provided
tko men retained their affiliation
with the A. F. of L. The international officers were apparently in accord with this and "busted'1 the
union in order to separate tbe sheop
from the goats and enable tho mine
owners to make an agreement for
tho employment of A. F. of L, men
who will join tho new locals.
Bight hundred Egyptians killed,
and 1600 wounded is the toll of
blood that .Britain took in suppressing the movement for Egyptian Independence. The. fertile valley of
the Nile adds its name to the long
list of places whero lovers of liberty
havo given their lives for freedom's
cause.
Denver.—A resolution to cooperate with the three other railroad
brotherhoods for tho creation of a
national lnbor party was adopted at
tho annual eonvention of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen. Similar action was taken
at the recent convention of the
Order of Bailway Conductors.
emphasis was laid upon tho difficulty of organizing the rancher and
of hiB willingness to accept camp
conditions against whieh tho real
logger strenuously objects. Some
individuals who, although ranchers
aro yet a different type, have taken
exception to this sweeping criticism, considering it unjustified. In
some individual cases it may be, in
fact undoubtedly is correct, that the
generalization does not apply, but
we are dealing with the half-rancher
half logger in the mass, and it undoubtedly is correct to say that he
is at the present time one of, if not
the greatest, factor at the present
time in keeping down wages, in
maintaining long houra and abominable camp conditions. This is amply
proven by innumerable reports coming in from the short log districts,
and the failure of the Prince Qeorge
district to attain all its demands
during the recent strike was almost
entirely to this weak-kneed, uneducated element.
UNION MEN ABE
MADE WELCOME
—AT THE—
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool Beer.
The right treatment'
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. ForesteH
Corner Hastings and
Homer
The Montreal Light, Heat k Vox
ei Co. hu juat announced anoth<
reduction in the priee of ita gas M
electricity. This ia the aeeond d
crease sinee the ending of the wa
but what makes it so interesting '
the fact that the company only r
cently increased the wages of all i
employees.
OiT» Day's Par
The Ironworkers at Anyox hai
donated a day's pay towards tbe il
lief fund, the amount collected kl
ing $208.
Buy at a union store.
THE   YAMATO
Oltrs lem. KM BatnarliiuT
Bargains in SILKS
for Tomorrow
Shop Eurly—Take Adratage I
of the Money-Safei-i
■PUN   SILK
Ideal silk or summer wear, SO
inehes wide, in natural shade
only.   Beg. *1.76. tt__   A*J
Salo price, per yd. eflatl
TOTSAH BILK
In various' colored, cheeks,
suitable for skirts aad dreaaes,
36 inehes wide. Beg. #1.80.
Sale price, per Qflg.
CRETE DB CHIME
36 Inches wide, comes in assorted colored stripes. Beg.
(2*60. Sale priee, j*1   OA
The Yamato
Men's, Boys' and Youths' Boots
Are Marked (or Quick Sale
Men's Brown Calf Boots, on Sale, $5.95
It's the best looking Man's Boot wo have seen sold for
this price in years—a really wonderful bargain—and if
you take our word for it and come down to the store and
see with your own eyes wc feci confident you will not be
disappointed. Wc bought these Shoes away below tho
market, as they were originally ordered by another store,
and for some reason not delivered to them.
They are n sterling good
weight boot in tho fashionable
dark brown calf, made on a
medium short vnmp laBt -with
heavy fibre waterproof sole nnd
rubber heel. Our experts deelare
they will give excellent wear—
a $7.30 valuo d» _> _\ m
for   «PO.?0      	
Boys' Sizes, 1 to 5, Same Quality, $4.66
— Youths', 11 to 13, Same Quality, $3.85
MEN'S OUTING BOOTI^-Sijes 10 and 10*-/2 only; White Canvas Tennia Boote, with |
best quality white rubber soles and leather insoles.   To clear at  fl.OC
We Have the Best Underwear!
Event of the Season for Men—
300 Dozens Superfine Balbriggan, $1.25 Garment for 75c
Every man who favors balbriggan with his preference for summer wear j
should get an outfit. We want you to examine it critically and convince 1
yourself that the quality is as good and as weighty as the best of this par- J
ticular kind on the market. It is an opportunity of rare occur- *******
rence and will be even rarer if we may judge from the advanced / j#* '•
prices quoted for future delivery. Stock up! Reg. $1.25. A garment • wv j
■
100 Dozen Men's Combinations to Sell at $1.00 a Suit
The man who prefers to wear combinations can also join in this splendid money-saving
event. If you know anything at oil about underwear values you know that $1.00 * suit
is a mighty low price, and especially when you get a quality like this. A fine *-| aa
two-thread Egyptian balbriggan.  Worth $1.75 a suit. Vor special selling at y 1.UU
David Spencer, Limited eleventh yeab. No. si     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      tancouveb, b. o.
PAGE SEVEN
fEDEPATIOMST
Anti Injunction Law
fanners legislature ot North
kota has just passed I bill, intra-
Nd Df a uaioa barber, whieh will
ve tb* (laet of preventing aay
Ige frost preventing workers from
iking or forcing tbem baek to
irk by issuing injunctions. Big
sinesa fought hard to prevent tbe
saage of ths bill, The bill in
«f states: "No restraining order
or injunction shall prohibit aay person or persona whether singly or in
eoneert, front terminating any relations of employment, or from recommending, advising or persuading
others to do so . . . or from aa-
sembliag in a lawful manner aad for
Jawful purposes."
Be sure to notify tbe post offlce
as soon as you change your address.
Named Show are frequently made
in Non-union factories
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All IkoM without tha UNION STAMP an always Non-union
Do not accept any ncusa for Absence of th* Union Stamp
[BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
346 8UMMEB STRBET, BOSTON, MASS.
501*18 LOVELT, Oaiur.l Preside.!--CHAS. L. BUMS, Senenl Sec-Trees.
Wo an in no way responsible for*A
the opinions oxpressed in this column. Correspondents must be brief
or their letters will not be publish
el While agreeing with many of
tho opinions expressed in letters sent
to us, and while many, of tbem contain matter tbat ia worthy of publication, we have in a number of cases
boen unablo to publish them owing
to their length. Will correspondents
please note and govern themselves
accordingly.
Shall We Co-operate?
The citizens of "Vancouver should
ask themsolves that question now,
Co-operative stores have been tried
lu this oity before and have failed
for various reasons, but that is no
roason why we should lie down to
tho admitted hold-up of the people
who now control our sources of supply, when it is within our power to
reduce the cost of living anything
from 15 to 30 per cent.
Let us consider if co-operation
pays, and wo oan best do that by
examining tho workings of co-operative movement-), operated by tho
people for the people and also tbo
combinations of manufacturers operated by the people for tho benefit
of the manufacturers.
Let us turn to the enterprises run
by the common people.
Glasgow Corporation tramway system, styled the first in the world,
has within 80 years paid for itself,
and has put ♦30,000,000 to the common good besides giving a one-cent
per mile faro. . Compare that with
the B. C. _. _. Then Glasgow Cooperative Socioty, whose ramifiea-
I tions penetrate from Alaska to In-
Idia, Ceylon and Africa, where the
'society holds hundreds of thousands
ef aeres of land. This society and
kindred organizations such as Edinburgh has paid as much as 30 per
eent. to members on oach dollar
spent. We need not labor the-point
of proit, but will tackle the problem as it affects Vancouver. Mrs.
Crotsfield, a Vancouver citizen, reeently had 15,000 names placed on
circulars demanding that tho government reduce the cost of living,
and what reply did she get I ln
effect it read: "We know thero ia
profiteering, but we aro helpless; do
what you ean yourselves and wo
will sit tight." This reply so in-
named the citizens that a meeting
was held on Cambie Street grounds
demanding tho resignation of tho
government, a demand whieh waa
unanimously carried.
Mr. H. H. Stevens advises us that
tho oost of living may oome down in
the fall, but seems at sea regarding
the reasons for sueh a statement.
We need in this city 1000 determined jnen and women who will act
on the government's advice and "-do
something for ourselves."
If 1000 could be got willing to
take one share at *5 oach there ia
reason why Vancouver should not
bt in tbe Vanguard of progress co*
operatlvely. We hear of farmers
leaving fruit to rot on the ground
at no great distance from tho eity,
Hundreds of tons of potatoes wore
dumped in False Creek in 1012 to
keep the price at $5.00 por sack.
These things we know, but how
much food is destroyed of which we
know nethingf
There is only two ways in which a
business cen foil if it has sufficient
capital to start; ono is leakage, i.e.,
mismanagement, and the other is if
it has not the support of the public.
So now for 1000 determined to stick
together and a good manager and
that 30 per cent, reduction in the
cost of living,
W. A. N.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For yonr kitchen—Wellington Nut
titeben, fwnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lamp—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
{ter em tta Ooal for your nnderfoed fnnac*)
COAL
IACDONALD-MARPOLE CO.
LIMITED
1001 MAIN STRUT Phone Say. 210
ONE OP THE FINEST TONICS
| Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
I Everyone knows that cheap goods ean only be procured
by using cheap materials, and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
ia produced from the highest grade material! procurable
■—Cascade ia a UNION produco from start to finish.
VANCOUVEB BREWERIES LIMITED
Th* One Big Union Idea la
Australia
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
should esteem it a personal favor
if you would insert the following in
your valuable paper:
On the industrial plane the labor
situation in Australia is similnr to
that in Canada, where a struggle to
convert trade union workmen to the
Ono Big Union idea is now boing
fought out through tho methods of
a wido sproadstriko. The conversion
of the Canadian trades unions and
unorganized workors to industrial
unionism follows generally the lines
laid down by tko Australian movement; it differs only in that it has
no clearly defined political aim.
Tho organisers and leaders of the
One Big Union have both immediate
iadustrial aims and a political programme. I believe the fact thnt tat
One Big Union has a political programme and platform, distinguishes
it from the Amorican I. W. W. and
tho French Syndicalists, who are
anti politieal industrialists.
The immediate work of tho One
Big Union is to break up the trados
unions and merge their mombers into
n single industrial organization so
that trouble in ono plant, if not settled, will biean trouble in every walk
of life.
They do not want to rely on tho
platonie sympathy of working mon
iu other trades during strikes.
They make it mandatory that all
working men strike until the trouble
in th* particular plant or industry
is settled.
They 'have, however, a good deal
of difficulty in getting this idoa accepted.
The saner trades unions hesitate,
and with good reason, to fall in with
this proposal.
The greatest opposition to the
plan of the industrialists comes from
the trades unions.
And it must be understood that
unionism in Australia virtually controls industrial conditions. Beforo
the war official government recognition was given to unionism by all
states and by the commonwealth.
The principle of profcronce to unions obtains throughout the country,
and industrial courts are at liberty
to enforce tho principle everywhere^
So that they non-unionists in Australia have a very hnrd time. These
trades unionists understand that if
tbe industrialists as a body are going to threaten a general strike
every time tkero lt a strike in some
small plant they must inevitably antagonise every other member of tho
community, and that in so widespread a struggle the industrialists
will bo defeated and their last stag*
trill be worse than their first by
this general defeat.
The trades unionists who mergod
witk the One Big Union would go
down also and probably he would
havo to begin all over again his light
for union principles.   Tk* Beds tt
.ustralia aro taking a gambling
chanco on the destinies of organized
labor but the price is too high.
TOM BURNS.
1108 Bichards St.
Vancouvor, B. C.
[Note by Editor.—Outside of the
fact that the writer has not grasped
the 0.' B. U. idea, his suppositions
are not in lino with facts. He says
they make it mandatory that all
working men strike, etc. Tho workors will decide their own policies in
the 0. B. V. and there will be no
mandatory power except that of tho
rank and file.]
Editor B. C. Federationist: Will
you kindly publish the following few
remarks by a fairly old and wholly
aincero Labor man!
Even after so many precious lives
have been given up to make the
world safo, we read that industries
are not built up to please God, but
to got tho best dividends for the
shareholders.
That fact has been known for a
long timo, and men who hold to such
opinions are.a danger to civilization.
"Yo cannot servo God and Mammon." So, as long as the capitalist
nature is like it is, and our laws are
made to suit them, of course it must
be "Mammon," and ovon justice is
treated as sentimental slop by such
sons of ovil. Business is always, a
part of our life and I behove honost
business men will always be necessary to help direct and carry on the
oountry's affairs, but they should at
tbe .same time ensure a full life to
the weakest. We share equally in a
right to live although-nature divides
our qualities, unequally in most
ways, and whilst tho individualism
of some men takes them on the
prniries, for instance, in spite of long
and hard winters to Improve their
position in life .thereby aiding in
producing necessaries—a thing they
would not de under control or without special inducements—tho individualism of other men is a menace
to civilisation and must be controlled
for the public good.
In any democracy life and health
must take precedent to property and
profiteers; and although Shylock will
call for his pound of flesh, tho time
has passed when the workers would
humbly consent to lower their standard of life to swell the roll of capital. To the average citizen, tho only
logical way to acquiro a measure of'
justico is by tho ballot, but the small
amount of labor representation in
Canada is not adequato to the importance of Labor and makes it absolutely neeessary ao long as employers are obsessed by dividends
and greed for induetrial unionism
and political Labor to support each
other.
Labor is fighting for right and
cannot be defeated or the laws of
ethics would bo reversed ,and if the
yoke has really been taken from the
neeks of small nations it must not
be allowed to fall on the nooks of
any one else; tho world ean get
along without it. Th* average standard of Ufa must bo maintained or
improved; it is the people's fight.
Already the forces of capital are
starting out on the next intensive
competitive stunt, to keep what is
gained on one side, and to square
accounts on tho othor; and when all
nations are advancing thero must
bo a steadying of the business instinct of all nations to prevont another smash. Lnbor itself must be
the greatest factor towards regulating international affairs. Tho present gonoration owe it to future generations of human beings to rid tho
future of any repetition of tho awful
climax so rocently ended, due in a
large measure to intenstvo commercialism which encourages the individual to go to the limit, with no
chock on greed or any of the bad
qualities in an inferior nature. An
enlightened and intelligent majority
must guide the destinies of democracy and elect men or womon of
steady and fearless purposes to
amend our laws. It is reasonable to
assumo that some of the country's
best men and womon have been elected, and are doing their utmost as
conditions permit to help straighten
out .the present tangle which great
as it looks as a national problem, is
infinitely greater when wo consider
tke conflicting ideas of different na*
tione; with different standards, customs and bigotry.
Now, it is of no use to let our desires overreaoh our possibilities, and
to no purpose for any party to rush
ahead and leave public opinion be*
hind. The majority of thinking Labor men are striving to gain the confidence of the general public, which
to my mind can only be accomplished
by a clearly defined, sans policy
amended from time to time to suit
the ever-changing conditions, and if
Labor men depend on following a
line directly opposed to public wishes
or not receiving publie sympathy,
there will always come a time of
clovage only to complicate matters
and end in confusion; for the opinions of Labor cover a wido field, due
to environment, difference in nnturul
development, etc., and though economic pressure touches or reaches us
all, we see the remedy, or look for a
remedy from different points of
view.
Wo knew the present system is aot
working right, a system that culminates evory once in a while in a general slaughter and economle depression does not work property, and
greusing won't make it work eitker.
Nothing less than controlling the in-
dividual by fixing a possession limit
will give us any measure of safety,
and enable us to define and apply
surplus. To gain even that would
be difficult and slow, for human nature is ever counter active, but to
change the entire systom (If that
means eliminating individualism),
without lowering the average standard of life of Canada teems to me
rather doubtful for that standard is
due largely to individual effort, and
the status of a nation is due to the
enterprise of ita cititens; and no
mntter what our future system, it
will be largely built up on our confidence in each other; also the man
who will not resist will do the hardest and dirtiest work just as he doos
now, only ho should be recompensed
accordingly,
We havo got to take the world as
we find it in deducing our facts, and
not dream ourselves into Utopia to
awako aad find ourselves backing up.
Now tho Canadian people will not
havo Bolshevism, have spoken
against it. It fails because the
world is in different stages of social
development with our opinions influ
enced accordingly; because the up-
pef*-|las8, although occupying false
pouons from an economic point of
vievjiare not wholly responsible, but
etfVtmuly part of a wrong system,
and extreme treatment is not just,
and because anything founded on
physical foroe ereatos opposition and
foaterg,unoertninty and war. It is a
qupst-jpn of ethics and in my opinion
juqtWS'nnd lasting peaco can only be
obtained by the cocrsive influence of
a mighty army of right and jutt
thifffcing men and women faced by
tha,rde8tructive outlook ahead.
Tjhen wo get to that state, and
thq^urdon of misery and worry lift*
ed Ami a living guaranteed to all, we
can all rejoice for all men can then
improve tho mind nnd use their talents accordingly. Now, I firmly be*
Kevo we should got aftor our natural
resources and foster a spirit of confidence in our ability to construct for
ourselves a remedy for the H, C. L.,
wliich can only be obtained front
production, and speculators eliminated in distribution; I am not writing this for the. love of lotter writing
or bceuuse I have nothing else to do,
for wresting a living from the soil in
British Columbia does not provide
much loisuro; I am rather out of
touch in many Labor matters, due to
living so far from town, but I am
doing the best I ean according to
my lights to help to got a square
deal for all, *        ~
I remain, yours truly,
SAMUEL LIGGIN8.
Gibson's Landing, B. C.
July 85th, IMS.        '
Subjection of Mexico
Editor B. C. Federationist: Wonld
you allow mo to call the attention of
organizod labor to the following editorial in the Vancouver Sun, July 29,
1010 ,alao the nows column In the
Vancouver Province-?* tame date, of a
movement on foot to subject Mexico
to industrial slavery, undor the guise
bf protecting foreign investments
and citizens. Tht Provinee goes on
to say (note) that.the compact was
entered into by Wilson, who gavo
the promise while he was representing the United States at tho Peace
conference in Paris, of tho Entento
Allied nations, that Canada acquiesced and consented that the
United States should cross the imaginary line to tho south, in order to
quott the petty disturbances. Great
gods, ye vampiret and harlota. Tako
a back seat! Go to tko peaee school
of Allied nations and learn your
business over again. Why thia move
against a peaceful nation!
What it her crime f It it because
of the ownership of valuable natural
resources, unexploitedt If so, Mr.
Editor, take and compare the Mexican epnstitntion as written, with the
constitution of the United States.
YW.-fill find then is no comparison.
Tl^e. ,Mcxican constitution shines
abp« that of tho United States, as
gojd above dross, but owing to old
Snjt^th land grants, whieh pre-dates
thj present constitution, and which
art,, scattered throughout Mexico
from*tho Atlantic to the Paelfle, and
jjh the constitution was bound to
req-jgju-te vested interests to titled
prpjr&ifty in thot* grants still remain.
Jty-aioally speaking, Mexico ia th*
onjjf,i nation left, not yet (addled
with, a national debt, which la th*
sovd, iand essence, the very lifo*
bloodof all capltalltm, and in order
to subjoct thi* peaceful nation to industrial slavery that the world-wide
strugglo may continuo in favor of
capitalism, is the sole and only rea-
___    t_-_    j:-_: li-     .-	
IS
Of
Labor Government Now
Practically Assured1 for
Great Britain
Thirty Minute Sensational
Aeroplane Trip Over
Vancouver Free
INVESTIGATE!
SENSATIONAL PRICES ON NEGLL '
GEE SHIRTS, SOFT AND HARD
CUFFS
SENSATIONAL. PRICES ON ODD
PANTS AND OVERALLS
Call and buy. You may get a trip over
Vancouver in an aeroplane free.
Don't forget the location-*
I
The Jonah-Prat Co.
401 HASTINGS WEST
Imperialistic Forces Appear to Be Sweating to
Foil Labor
A Labor Government may come
into power within tht next threo
years, and with it tht wholo situation would be changed. It is an
open secret that Lloyd George's hold
on the country and on parliament ia
the fear which tht ruling classes
have of tho conversion of the British
Isles into anothor Australia, Ts
avert the economic revolution which
threatons the United Kingdom a determined effort will be mado to rally
the upper and middle classes around
the Lloyd George regime and to poet-
pone as long as possible the fateful
day of democracy in tb* form of a
Labor government. For these reasons, the young Prince's visit to the
Dominion of Canada differs from
former visits of royalty. The golden
link of the crown is not so strong
a« itt pre-war days. All the same the
Boyal Family is popular, and none
more so thau the shy, young Princo
who is weighted with the ceremonial
cares' of nn ancient monarchy.        •
It must not be forgotten that Labor in the British Islet also hts
changed ita complexion. Leading
publicists, intellectuals and philosophical radicals hav* joined its ranks
by the thousand. In no eountry,
perhaps, is Labor to well equipped
for carrying on government aa in tho
United Kingdom. While th* old politieal parties ahow tuck a marked
decline in th* production of men of
ability, Labor has on itt tide men
of commanding power. Timo wat
when Mr. Lloyd George eould charm
Laber with hit music, but more and
mor* in his advancing years th*
prime minister seems to feel that he
it destined to follow the footsteps of
his great modol, Joseph Chamberlain.
In this procession marches the brilliant but unreliable Winston Churchill
who has definitely decided that his
future lies with the primo minister.
How long Mr. Lloyd George can
stave off tbe industrial and political
crisis which everyone believe* to bo
impending, is on the knees of tho
& clTg.1 f___J£l_1& |*« *•»■**■•» th. ft*, of th. hou^e. -^Logger, held
war, thom in power do not seem to
take kindly to any change tbat will
divert greater power to tb* masses.
At bottom tb* strength of tho Lloyd
Oeorge Oovernment is th* apprehen-
$50.50
150.50
IT PATS TO TOE IT
RouUt Trip Smataer Towii* R*U»
EDMOMTON-CA-OAB-
Retwa Ltalt OeMbN* >1H
All Year Twrlst Tiek.lt • mnta. utiirm Unit ea ul. t.
Kiatn. C>-i_d>, Central .tt luHn hM.
Pa.sl.ff through th. Rockiw
WHEBB KATVBI SP1AKS TtOtt S*Ofr OBOWID MAK*
Trains leav. Veaeo-mr Unloa 8t.ttM
9:00 a_a.—flun-Uj*. Tasidsr snd rrlt.r—*:00 am.
cast rnnoHt sebvice
Tor Rata, aa* Informal... tpplf to
ASSISTANT OIWEEAL MEIOHT 1MB MSMMBt IMt
bhuho at. w«t      tahoouvbb, a. s.       nw swat mm
AOSNT FOB ALL ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP MUM
To the Members of tbe L W. I. U.
of tbe 0. B. U.    /
(fellow woekers-
The delegate, to th. eonvention of th. 0. B. U. ihould havt
son thu dispicablo compact was J Pnrkorsburg, W. Vs.—A state or-
formed. If President Wilson can ganisation of theatrical stage unsanction Shantung to Japan, and ployoes and motion picture operator!
Canada sanction Mexico to the was formed at a conference in this
United Statos, national lines aro ell. city. Eepresentatives from several
minated,   which now   form locked I West Virginia cities were present.
gates and bars in favor of capital-'  ■ 1	
ism only.   It is probable, if not pos-1    Buy at a union store,
sible, that the United States, though
their eonvention or general meeting in July, hut that wM overlooked. Therefor, aa tho convention of the 0; B. TJ. 1* coming
near at hand, it is etaential that th* member, trt the L. W. I. U.
take aetion immediately for th* election ot nominee* from th.
sio* " regarding  economic  changes T»n*1 ami Ale—the moat democratic way of electing th. nomi.
which pormeates the great middl* ' nees. «
elass, which wat the backbone of th*      w. wish to see the delegatea elected according U propor.
SSS_J_*SS!!2S,"''""" iv*'~ toMi membership. Therefore, the diatrieta mint combine in
sending delegates. So let thoso districts that do combine, elect
ft certain delegate or delegates and get in eommanication with
one another.
The Camp Delegate shall forward to the Swretary-Treaaurer
or the District Secretary the name Of any member that is nomi.
nated in camp. (The business meetings, at headquarters ar.
requested to do the same.) All nominations should be in headquarters or district offices before the thirty-first (31st) of
August.
After September 4th, th. Secretary-Treasurer or District
Toronto Statesman.
Theatrical Trades Vatta
Wilson is castini. tho bnomeranir but I , Z TV ~—TT : '       *n*«er ot-piemocr «n, mt> oecreiary-Treasurer or iristnct
S%3£*^in££&l 22 K^tflS*.. ?„°V"dr Secretaries shall send .11 nominations from hi. district for a
aa Canadian citizens, let organized
Labor at least enter a formal protest
against thia pact. Through the only
meana now available, the proletarian
press,   Yours very truly,
CHAS. W. KNIGHT.
A Word of Warning
Editor B. C. Federationist—Sir: I
should be pleased if you would pub- .
Hsh the following in tho intereita of the working membership a^ oppor
whosoMthoI _7ot-_\ are qu„ l referendum vote of the entire membership in that district.   Th.
tionable. I | return of the referendum must be ut at headquarters and district
offices by September 21st.
If you do not act immediately on this matter, tho Exeoutivg
members will be forced to elect delegates for you.
N. P. HATHERLY, J. M. CLARKE,
Executivo Members.
It is up to the men who are actually on tho job to pass resolutions
emphatically condemning the attempts of these few unemployed to
dictate the policy of the organization
and to insist that no matters of importance be decided without giving
the Lumber Workers Union
To the members on the job:
It is imperative that tho attention
of the membership of tho L. W. I.
U. be drawn to the manner in which
certain elements are endeavoring* to
undermine the foundations of our organisation. Concerted attempts have
been made at business meetings to
dictate how the organization shall
be run, and who shall represent it at
conventions.
The only way an industrial organisation can be run successfully is hy
tunity to express their opinion
Instruct your camp delegates to
send your resolutions to the secro*
tary-treasurer, who will bring them
before the executive committee, who
will deal with thom by acting on
them at once, or submitting them to
a referendum vote of the membership.
Got  busy,  fellow  workers,   and
clean up thit bunoh of disgruntled
unemployed it town, who think they
have a right to run tho L. W. I. U.
H. W. McKXWHT.
Want Eight-hour Day
Hartford, Conn.—Metal polishers
employed by the Underwood Typewriter Company are on strike to cn-
; force aa eight-hour day and an 80-
eent wage rate.
Preflt ia Leather
New York—The Central Leather
Company is not worrying about the
high cost of thit product. In tht
tix month* ended Jan. N tbe com
panyt net   operating  inaom*   wut
>9,_95,G2_, a gain of »3,J03,(*98 over
tht aat half of last year. Aftor pay.
ing all dividends the company has a
surplus of over M,MO,00O.
COWAN k HOOKHOUSI
ara-
OM.. OAeleta. wtlt. IW atta*.
■    ion
el', 8AT1WACTI0
-
The Strike Is Over
il:
But the Need for a
(.■■■
*.Kt.
1   1.5
DAILY LABOR PAPER
■          *■."
'J JU
ji*n„
Is as Great as Ever
i'.l..'
!i  0
Il >?
■'13
. fit
Local organizations and individual members of
organized labor can assist in giving Labor a
Daily Paper.   Tbe need of the moment is the
Finances to start it with.
WHAT ARE YOU DOING TOWARP IT? PAGE EIGHT
eleventh yeah. No. si     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    .ancouver. b.
0.
FRIDAY...
..August 1,
FOLLOW THE  CROWD TO
WOODWARD'S
GROCERTERIA
Retail Quantities at Wholesale Prices     I
Money-Saving: Specials for Week Aug-. 1 to 6
7-lb. sack Purity Flour .. ..45c
51b. carton B. C Sugar ....62c
Silver-Bar Seeded Raisins, per
packet  12'/sC
Libby's Red Salmon, ta.11 tin,
for 31c
Libby's Pineapple, per tin 26c
l'runes, 2 lbs. for  27c
Van Camp's Pork nnd Beans
for  12c
Rojain Hood Porridge  Whont,
2»    16c
Helmet Brand Salmon, tall
tin l»c
Parawox, per pkt 19c
Sunkist Marmalade.. 22c, 80c
Braid's Best Tea 60c
Braid's Ideal Tea 48c
Nabob Tea 63*
Royal Pose. Cocoanut, 9c, 17e
Bulk Shredded Cocoanut,   per
lb 32c
One tablet Goblin Soap free
with each tabet of Lilac
ll.se Glyeerine Soap pur-
chimed at  12c
Irol Disinfectant Powdcr....l7c
P. 0. White Naptha Soap 7'/_c
Gem Lye  12c
Fairy Soap 8>/,c
Xed Star Peaehes, per tin..19c
1'ippin Apples, per tin  12c
Cnnada First Keiffer Pears,
large tin  26c
Apex Raspberry Jam, 4k....70c
Apex Strawberry Jam, 4s..70c
Niagara Red   Pitted   Cherries
for 33c,
Kootenay White Cherries 18'/_C
Del Monte Pineapple ...29c
Libby's Grated Pineapple..31c
Campbell's Soups  18*
Libby's Tomato Soups lie
Monteserat Lime Juice .41c
and   76c
Potato Flour in bulk, 2 lbs. 17c
Japan Rice, 2 lbs. for  27c
Tapioca, 2 lbs. for 28c
Brown Sugar, 2 lbs. for 20c
Maple Leaf Milk ll*/2c
Buttercup Milk  lie
Reindeer Milk  19'/-,c
Eagle Milk ......21c
Cottage Peanut Butter 26c
Squirrel Peanut Butter ....27c
We Cut Out Heavy Delivery Expenses and Buy
on the Best Markets—You Gain the Profits
GET  IT   AT   WOODWARD'S
Tttopfcm Sty. 4641
Sails, T«nti ud Awnings
TM-nfttn' u< Otfp<it«i'
AFBOMfl,   MPBB1I  BOOTS   And
OIL   ClOTHUrO
EiiimatM fWen en canvas work
41 WATBB STBBBT,
VABCOUVBB, B. 0.
SPEAK CLEARLY WHEN
TELEPHONIMG
Says a subscriber: "I called
ip a Dumber the other day, and
almost laughed when Central
queried ft number quite different
from that for which I uked.
When I had time to think about
it, perhapi the wai not to blame,
for it la probable that the number waa  riven  indistinctly."
This li a frank admission and
girts rlee to the nufftitton that
indiitlnctlveneu may be tht
causa of more trouble often than
le thought.
B.   0.   TBLEPHOHB   CO.,   LTD.
Paris Brand Shoes
The Standard for Wear, Comfort and Style
THESE PBIOES ABB EXTBA SPECIAL
BOYS' SHOES—With chrome or boi kip uppers, solid leather
soles aud heels.   Sites 11 to 1S_. (fco  /JC
Begular to H60, for __ 90.QO
Sites 1 to 5V4. *Q QC
Begular to $6.00 per pair, for mOetJO
MEN'S SHOES—Medium weight, everyday shoe, chrome uppers,
Goodyear welted soles, all leather heels and counters; made on a
good easy-ltting last.   Regular »8.50. */J nm
Special at , <90o_0
KEN'S PINB SHOES—In all leathers, and the newest styles;
Goodyear welted soles, leather or rubber heels;  many lasts to
. choose from, and yonr particular style is among        dj»"f   ig
them.   Beg. values to $10.00.   Special wl a*tO
Bring your repairs here* All work is guaranteed, and the material
used is the best.
P. PARIS
BOOT AMD SHOE MANUFACTURER
64 HASTINOS ST. WEST Phono Seymou 4716
The accommodation that you
get at this store is
CREDIT
Backed with Style-Service-Quality Materials at
a price within the reach of all
YOUB garment await* jour try en—no mattor at what price
you ure willing to pay the same privilege in offered on every
garment that we sell—our range offers a wide selection of the
very latest styles, materials and patterns that the markets afford.
You don't have to wait until such a timo as you have tlie entire
cash purchase price of a garment as you do at other stores—you
pay us a small deposit and arrange the balance in small weekly
or monthly payments—and wear the garment while paying. Dress
up and dress well—we'll trust you. Make it a point t-o come in
and look over oui* slock and then you'll want a try on.
B.C. OUTFITTING CO.
342 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Near Homer
Speakers Liken Deportation   Proceedings   to
Czar's Methods
As n preliminary to further steps
.ii opposition to thc government's
plan of deporting a number of Itus-
5iaiL fellow workers without open
trial, Ihe Trndes and Lalior Counttil
called a protest meeting in the Avenue Theatre on Tuesday evening.
Mr. J, Woods of . the Boilermakers Union, occupied the chair,
and J. Kavanagh uud J.
Harrington were the speakers. There
was an attendance o some hundreds.
Mr. J. Kavaimgo explained that
the proceedings ngninst the intended
deporters were taken under a recent
amendment to the Immigration Act,
put through all its readings and passed within the apace of 20 minutes,
and signed by the governor-general
within an hour. The authorities
were trying to lind a ground to link
np the Russinn Bolshevists, lho I. W.
W., and aU tho so-called revolutionary movements, with the Winnipeg.
strike. The Russians arrested in
Vancouver were members of a Russian Workers' Society, formed for
social intercourse and education, and
put out of business by previous action of the government; they were
also mostly members of unions. Be-
causo they did not seem to bc particularly favorable to the Kolchak
regime, they were considered detrimental to this country.
There was more in tho situation
than the mere deportation of these
men; any particular individual, not
born in Canada, was subject to be
similarly seized at any lime and do-'
ported. If the workers allowed the
deportation of any individual without specific charge and open trial,
the authorities could cripple the Labor movement by taking away its
most active members. This would
tend to deter men from taking an
activo part; it was a threat to the
wholo working class movement.
An Italian had been arrested in the
Crow's Nest Pass for writing to The
Federationist, and was to be deported. At Winnipeg, they had begun
to deal similarly with men who were
British-born; it was only owing to
the resulting agitation that the attempt was stopped.
Thero waB never anything worse
in the time of the Czar in Russia
than they were intending to carry on
in Canada at this time. What happened to any ono worker, irrespective of nationality, could happen to
any other worker. Native-born Canadians, however, had not thc privilege of deportation! they went to
jail.
In the case of the Russian workers, it meant handing them over to
be shot or otherwise dealt with as
the counter-revolutionists chose. It
was practically sentencing them to
death. To murder tbem here would
be contrary to the received ethics,
and so it was made out that they
were attempting something detrimental to the interests of the country.
The Russians here were mostly not
revolutionists, but tho government
wanted to connect Bussia with hap-
'ponings here. They had received a
J scare at Winnipeg, and were attempting; to justify it, as by getting
a stool-pigeon to confess to some attempt or other. They were hysterical and worried; happenings in Russia, Oreat Britain, Italy, France,
Hungary, etc., had got tbem so that
they didn't know where to turn.
They did not recognize that it was
economic development that caused
events, and so they picked up individuals and tried to connect them with
the revolutionary movement elsewhere. These were ready to take
the platform against the professors
of any college (applauae), and so
the authorities attempted to suppress them. Thero was no reason
why they should be allowed to go on
making this mistake and the workers suffer in consequence. '' We
cannot allow this thing to go on, if
we ore to move peaceably along thc
path we desire to travel."
The speaker mentioned that forms
of protest would bo sent out for signatures, and tho chairman added
that all proceeds from the meeting,
over and above expenses, would be
appliod in aid of the men in jeopardy. He appealed for generous
support from the audience, remarking that "tho cause is worth it." A
collection was then taken up,
amounting to about $70.
Comrade Harrington followed in
a strain of fine satire, which was
keenly enjoyed by Ms audience. Beginning with a classic allusion, he
likened tbo Russia of the present
day to the box of Pandora out of
which were fabled to come all the
evils found on earth. The fable
belonged to tbe Golden Age, which
always lay behind; ho confessed he
did not see much hope of it in the
immediate future, considering the
apathy of the workers to their own
interests. However, they had "the
great benefit of hope," to compensate for thcir manv ills. (Laughter.) *
Everybody that took issue with
the powers that be was a Bolshevist;
they looked no further than Russin
for all that was going on. Having
got them all baek there, thc trouble
would be settled. These men had
been picked up nnd then turned
loose again while the country was in
dire peril during the war; now that
the war had ended and peace had
been duly celebrated, they were nr-!
rested again. (Laughter...
( There were certain forms of jus-!
tice peculiar to the British Empire,
differing from all others, that ever
came down the blood-stained pike of
human slavery. But the speaker's
own slight acquaintance with courts
tallied with thc pictures drawn by
Tolstoi and by Victor Hugo in "The
Hunchback of Notre Dame." The
men liable to -deportation—perhnps
180 of them in British Columbia-
were guilty of disregarding certain
regulations laid down by order-in-
council contrary to the principles of
British justice As a matter of fact,
laws were actually passed long before they reached parliament. At
Winnipeg, it was' attempted even to
have evidence admitted without pro
ducing tho witnesses. In the case of
thc Russians, they didn't know what
was going on.
The speaker caused great merriment by constructing a hypothetical
"Teniae" precedent, and a description of how "we" met King John
at Runymede—pomdblj a thowaad
years ago—and extorted frost his
feudal hands the Magna Charta. By
tbat document, still in force in .all
its fullness, no man's property or
person was to be violated except'by-
judgment of his peers or equals. Of
course, tbey might say that these
men being Bolshevists, their equals
did not exist.   (Laughter.)
Technically, the Russians were not
alien enemies, the speaker pointed
out, and he asked them not te confuse the rape of Russia by the Allies
with the rape of Belgium by th»Oer-
mans. (laughter.) Relations had
now been resumed with tho GenrJortH,
but not 'with the Russians, who had
established a proletarian government. Similarly, in Finland, the Allied generals were associating with
tho infamous Mannerheim — "thc
brother of the Hun." It was a peculiar thing thnt no attempt was yet
made to seize Austrians, who had
made several attempts at destruction of property.
It was impossible for the Russians
to get bnck into Russia without piis-
sing through the hands of the reactionary general-?. For brutality, the
Kaiser had nothing on Kolchak Ik-
Co.; thero was no parallel to the
death-train of Siberia. (Applause.)
The deported Russians must pass
into such hands; they might as well
be lined up here and shot."
The authorities were trying to do
what the mighty Roman Empire had
failed to do in opposing social forces.
Similarly tho Roman Catholic chureh
had failed in the Middle Ages. Thc
knowledge of social forces was not
possessed by thoso in power. To the
members of tho working class must
society come for a complete solution.
(Loud applause.)
FINNISH BUTCHER
GOV'T IS DEFEATED
(Continued from page 1)
with revolver shots. It seems tar
poslble to believe these horors, but
I have seen them time aiid time
again.
Gloats Over Deeds,
"The commander ot the detention
camp at Viborg Is credited with
baving killed the most prisoners,
and is said to have boasted tbat If
one out ot every ten he had killed
were guilty he waa satisfied.
Women Fight Heroically.
'There was no such thing ns a
trial for these men aud women. The
women were included in thete murders because tliey fought more heroically, in many cases, than did
the men, hence the butchers were
determined to have their revenge
out of the women. In one case the
men and women were lined up outside of a church (church df the
parish of Hollola) and every ether
one ot those lined up were shot
and the remainder marched * back
to jail with the possibility of. going
through the same performance the
next day and receiving the lead.
"By some good luck I had * trial
and was sentenced to four'years'
imprisonment with all my • civil
rights taken away for eight years.
Pressure from foreign countries
compelled the authorities to modify
these sentences, and soon afterwards 1 was let out on parole and
If I fall to report to tlie sherif I
will be thrown into Jail again. I
More Allied Dlplomaney.
"It is rumoured that the White
Guards are going to Invade Russia
and that tbis Is being done at the
request of the Allied governments
In return for provisions for Pin-
land's military butchers. Anyhow
the army has plenty of food whilst
the populace are crying for food."
Announcing the
Arrival of
Smart
English
Cashmere
Sport Coals
for Women
These coats embrace many
features not usually found
in garments of the kind
and come in very superior
qualities. Suitable, wn
would suggest, for wearing at golf—for travel or
street wear — ideal for
cool evenings.
Colors available are pur.
pie, saxe blue, sand, sky,
apricot, mauve, emarald,
reseda, ivory, coral and
black.
There are two styles—one
with sash  belt  and  the
other  with plain  belt—
lh arc very smart.
$21.50      $22.50
UMTIO
575 ORANVILLE
Phone Sey. 3540
chinists had voted $300 and the
money not arriving, he had wired to
Business Agent Von Garnop, asking
if the report was correct. Von Car-
nop had wired baek to say that A.
W. Hoeh, as spechial messenger, was
coming up with the money. According to tho report given to him
by the stenographer, Mr. Hoch had
cnlled in the offfficc about live minutes to. four on Thursday, thc 17th,
and asked to sec the secretary. The
secretary being ont, Mr. Hoch said
he would be back in half an hour.
The secrotary returned about live
minutes past four and remained
there till 5.30, then placed a notice
on thc door to say he would bc back
at 7, came back at 7 and stayed in
the offico till 8 and was then in
session with the Trades and T.ubor
Council until 10,o'clock. Up to that
time, that is} thc timo of viisting
Lodge 79, he had ifot yet seen Mr.
Hoch and had no idea what he looked like. The question was then raised owing to statements Mr. Kava-
nugh had made, as to what had happened when ho arrived in Vancouver, and it was stated by Mr.' Bengough that Hoch bad been in the
offlce of 002 on Ihe Friday afternoon, and had scon more machinists
around the office, 'than there were
people socking relief in tho corridor.
Mi*. Hoeh nsked whero were tho
thousands who wore in need, ami
had thon decided, on being told that
that was about as many as thero
were around tho place, to take tho
check back to Seattle. Mr. McVety
quoted from tho B. C. Federal ionis't
to the effect that Mr. Kavanagh had
stated that tne relief fund would be
cut out because it was now developing into an unemployed fund. He
also statod that he would not sec
anyone go hungry if he' hnd tho
wherewithal to prevont it. Mr.
Kavanagh replied to this, pointing
out that it was all vory well to say
that, but that tho particular act of
getting the money taken back by
Seattlo whon thero was not:one, but
many peoplo in tho city of Vancouver in need of money at that time
was, in his opinion, a low down contemptible trick. Mr. Kavanagh
stated before leaving the meeting
that there had been no discrimination shown, that everyone who had
applied for relief and hnd a voucher
from thcir organization, had receiv.
ed it if there happened to bo money
in the treasury, and that ho wns
quite prepared lo ship back to Lodge
79 tho remainder of thcir $500, if
thoy wcro not satisfied with the
manner of thcir disbursement, hut ho
did not ihink that such would bc
necessary.
THAT MISSING FIVE
HUNDRED DOLLARS
(Continued from page 1).
Sfaaljtmt
(Erafl
Quality
Clothes
Fall
Styles
Now
Arriving
Thos. Foster
& Co., Limited
514 Granville St
explain the fact thnt the Majority
of those receiving relief were members of the O. B. V,, beeause of this
roason. Lodge 777 of the I A. of lf.f
having voted some $400 for O. B. U.
propaganda, itB funds were placod
under aa injunction by Messrs. McVety and Bengough. The charter of
the local was also taken away and
the members placed outside the
pale of the organized labor movement. Local 104 of the Boilermak-
ers had also voted money to tho
0. B. U. and a similar injunction
waa taken out against its funds. In
addition to this, Mr. Bowser, an organizer of the Boilermakers f, .m
Los Angeles, had been sent to Vancouver and had been given a Hst of
44 names. All tho remainder of
Local 104 were to be expelled and
some 1600 members were expelled
by Mr. Bowser. All who desired to
get in good standing with No. 104
of thc Boilermakers had to pass an
examination committee of that organization, during whieh they had
to submit to questionairc as to what
radical organizations thoy might belong to, what meetings they might
attend, and what literature, they
happened to read, after which* if
they were satisfactory, their O.B.U.
card was torn up in front of them.
Prior to the itrike there had been
no discrimination in any of the
yards, but when tha striko broke,
the local whoso funds had been seized were necessarily the first to come
up on the relief liat and this waB the
reason why so many O.B.V. names
appeared as compared with those of
other organizations. Mr. Kavanagh
produced the books of the relief
committee, the vouchers sent from
the international unions, and alio a
letter from Mr. Phelps, aocrotary of
the Shipyard Laborers of Vancouver, to the seeretary of Lodge 79
Machinists, pointing out that no discrimination had been shown so far
as he waa aware.
After the strike was over, however, or a few days prior to tbe
strike being over, the Central Striko
Committee had instructed the various executives to get in touch with
the employen in order to find out
whether or not diirri mi nation would
bo used. The Metal Tradea Council had invited delegates from the
O. B. U. consisting of one machinist,
one boilcrmakor and ono blacksmith,
to participate in the negotiations.
The repliei of the employer! were
to the effoct that no discrimination
would be shown except in the person of P. MacDonneil. Two days
before the strike was declared off,
however, the Metal Trades Council
expelled the Boilermakers 0. B. IT.,
the Machinists and the Blackimiths
comprising tbat organisation, and
alio tho Steam Engineers, and they
made another agreement with thc
employers whereby no one who was
not carrying international cards
would be allowed to go to work, and
by virtue of thii, and also because
of tho fact that the men had been
on atrike five weeks and wore correspondingly in noed, the international was able to force many men
to rejoin owing to their necessity,
The strike being over, and the majority of those disc rim i aated against
being members of the 0. B, U., tho
list of people receiving relief would
necewarily contain a greater majority of 0. B, U. mon than the other
organization!.
On tho question being imiiod as to
what had happened to Mr. Hoeh, the
special moucngor, Mr. Kavanagh
pointed out that having heard from
Bmthar  H_ul)t_in_} that   the   Ma
Hotol and Reetaurant Employoes
The Hotel nnd Bestaurant Employees Union has appointod a committee to get in touch with tho Butchers, Bakers Milk Wagon Drivers,
B. C. Stewards, Soft Drink Dispensers, with a view of forming a Provisioning Trades Council, thus getting
the catering trades together and discussing matters relative to solidarity
among the members in the different
crafts should provo a great benefit.
The scheme hns worked to great-advantage in other coast cities. Seattle
Provisioning Trades Council is tho
mostmost progressive on the coast,
and there is no reason why Vancouver should not show the samo spirit.
The recont strike in the city shows
the need for more solidarity, and
those who do not carry a card would
do well to line up with their fellow
workers (as tho average employer
will naturally tako tho advantage of
discouraging organization for reasons well known to us all.
The Hotel and Bestaurant Employees wish to draw the attention
of organized labor in thc city to tho
following restaurants that are now
on the unfair Hit: Mclutyre's Cafe,
McLeod's Cafe, Leonard's Cafe,
Post Office Cafe, Whito Lunches,
Citizens Club. The reason why organized labor should patronize fnir
restaurants is plain. Thoso restaurants mentioned as unfair do not intend paying a fair living wage, and
besides; are making efforts to havo
Ladies and Gentlemen!
Tou can afford te DrtH Well if yoa tako advantage of tbt Big
Snaps in up-to-tatc appaial ntw beisg offered at our
STOCK REDUCTION SALE
We have still a choice seiocUan of Smart Summer WunMu for
Men snt Women which wo sn clc*i__f oat it a Tory coMldmhle
reduction.    For Instead:—
*                      HEBE'S A SPECIAL IK LADIES'
 NEW COATEES AMD SKIEW__	
Goat-rcH In Block Silk Pan Velvet, smartly trimmed with
belt ind buttons end  lined with embroidered   <POC f_f\
t-alin   and  K.lk.    Heg,  to $45.00 for  ^OJ.-U
SKIRTS eome in washable satin, Barnet satin, Com-aoe-
coin-Ffl, etc., In smart fashionable (MX fn <fc9-_ *_f\
styles.   Reg. to »35 selling for.. Y*^" LU 9^J,*'W
EXCEPTIONAL VALUES IN MEN'S
_ SMART TAILORED SUITS  _
A limited number of men's suits in Black and Navy Bine
Herges, Mixed Silverstones, etc., in leading styles for men
of  all  ages.    Valued   to  $60.00. *_A*X fU\
Sale price   .'. -^-J.W
Our usual Easy- Payment Flan is at yonr disposal. A
littlo down and a lit liv eaeh week or month as desired.
Do-It nowl    We'll trnst you.
DRKSK VYKl.l_ ON  EASY TERMS AT THE
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
143  HASTINGS   STREET   WEST
Opposite Province Ollc* loy, 1301
The Broadway Table Supply
Phone Fair. 18 and 19
518 Broadway Eaat
TRY OUR CASH AND DELIVERY SYSTEM
Royat  Standard Flour,  49  lbs.
at $2.18
Royal Household, 49 lbs J2J5
Five Roics Flour, 40 lbs $8.90
Purity Flour, 49 IM. $2.90
Wild Rose Pastry Flour, 101b.
sacks   - «8c
B. A K. Oats, seek 66c
B.  A   K.  Oatmeal,   Hue,   medium
and  coarse    6ic
Wheat Pearls ..._     45c
Puffed Wheat, pkg IBe
Health  Bran  ...?. 15c
Corn Flakes, 2 for 28c
Cream  of Wheat   pkt 26c
B. A K. Wheat Flakes, pkt 36c
Robin Hood Oats,  pkt 21c
Nabob  Vinegar,   bottle    20c
Malkin's Best Vinegar, bottle 20c
Peas, Olobe brand,  tin 20c
E 7, Jars—Quarts, doi $1.66
Pints   5SC
Fork and Beans, 3 tins for...26c
Malkin's Best Baking Powder..23e
Eggo Baking Powder SSe
Magic  Baking  Powder    2#e
Malkin's Cnttard Powder, tin..23t
hy'a Cocoa 2Se
Hall  Brand Custard Powder... 2 4c
Soap, Sunlight. 4 tor  Me
Naptha  R.  C.   Soap,  9 for     .Mc
Naptha White  Swan, 9 for ....80c
Campbell  Soup,  tin  ....16c
Matches, 3  for  _ itt
Blue Ribbon Tea  66c
Malkin's Best Tea  C0<
Nabob Tea  .66c
Try  Bulk  Tea 46c
Malkin's Best Coffee  66c
Wedding  Breakfast  Coffee  66c
Special Alberta  Butter  ...66c
Royal .Crown Soap, _ for ........26c
Whito  Swan    5  for  .....86c
Cans  of  Tomatoes,   large  she,
2  for  86c
Speeial Alberta Butter, 3 lbs. $1.70
Jutland  Sardines   16c
Botter Cup Milk  He
While  and  Brown   Vinegar ....16c
Ammonia  _...16c
White Beans, 3 lbs. for  26c
Robin Hood Oats, sack  ...40c
Sail, 2 sacks for .„...»*
Phona Your Order, Fairmont 18 and 19
the help drift back to tho 20 and 12
hour a day, with plausible promises,
such as the 'organization will not
protect you, we will look after you."
Fellow workers, do not be fooled.
Oct in thc respective union that four
craft calls for.
; Painters Raise Waaee
San Franciseo,—Organized paint*
ers, paper hangers and decorators
in this city and vicinity have signed a one-year wage agreement with
the Master Painters' association.
Bates are advance, from $7 a dny td
$8. The agreement benefits several
thousand employees.
New York.—Union teamsters and
chauffeurs employed by the Ward
Baking company have beon enjoiacd
from even speaking to strikebreakers
without firat securing their consent.
Murder by Soldier Police
Toledo, Ohio—Soldier police act
as guards at the Overland auto
bile .plant are blumed by the eon
for t-e unjustifiable killing of
Toledo citizens last June. The «
oner recommends that the grand j
make a thorough investigation.
The eompany looked out tevt
thousand employees when they
fused to lengthen their work <
from 45 hours to 48 hours a wi
Federal Judge Killets issued an
junction against the eompany i
tho men, in which the company <
commanded to resume operations i
the men were restricted in picketi
The court placed a representative
eharge of the plant, which is
tompting to manufacture auto:
biles with high school boys and t
fledged strike-breakers.
Bay at a union store.
The Largest Outfitters for Men in the West
The Best Suit in
Canada at Its Price
—and far better value than many that
are being sold at $8 and more over our
figure.
Dick's line of Forbes'
Worsteds at	
$30
This Hue has been a winner ever since we started
handling it. Man after man asks to aee our
Forbes worsteds, telling the salesman tkat the
■suit had been recommended by a friend who kad
bought one. It's the kind of suit a man will pass
on as "a good thing" typhis friends.
It Aniwen Every Tut of a Oood, All-IUond Suit
Forbes' English Wonted ia in t elm by itsolf m a milting—it ranks with the best English weaves—for wearing
qualities and general service it gives real suit satisfaction.
Dick's line Ih made up in models that have real distinction and style—in conservative designs or models with
snappy cut—your ehoiee of many full lines—and n perfect flt for you in every line.
In stripes, checks and mixtures.
DICK'S
PRICE
$30
Guaranteed— 'Yonr Money's Worth or Tour Money Back'
10% Off to All Soldiers
33-45-47-49, Hastings St.Easf.'

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