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British Columbia Federationist Sep 28, 1923

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i      Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAB
B. 0. E. R, Employees Rema.
Duty Till Board Hands Do\
Its Decision
Final Details of Propoied Settlement Awaited Tet To Be
Decided On Tet
KOLLOWING "notices" were posted
at headquarters of the street railway employees, which explain themselves:
Vancouver, B. C, Sept. 24th, 1923,
Monday, 12 noon*—Notice: As our
representative, Mr. R. P. Pettipiece,
has withdrawn from the conciliation
board, as he cannot agree with the
other members of the board, we, the
members of the Joint advisory board
of divisions 101, Vancouver; 134, New
Westminster, and 109, Victoria, in ac-
ordance with your instructions, hereby call a strike of all memberB of the
three .divisions, to take effect on the
morning of Wednesday, Sept. 26th.
(Signed) W. H. Cottrell (chairman),
A. Hoover, F. E. Griffin, R. C. Higgins, A. J. Bond, Jas. Petticrew, W.
, Gibson.
Vancouver, B. C, Tuesday, 6 p.m.,
tept. 26, 1923.—Notice: In view of the
more favorable developments in the
present negotiations the joint advisory
aoard hereby cancel strike order, issued for Wednesday, Sept. 26th. All
.members will continue at work until
further orders. (Signed) W. H.
Cottrell (chairman), P. A. Hoover, P.
B. Griffin, A. J. Bond, R. C. Higgins,
r. Petticrew, W. H. Gibson.
In view of the foregoing notices,
here will be no strike at present of
C.   E.  R.  conductors,  motormen,
■thop, barn and track men.    W.   H.
!ottrell,   chairman   of   the   advisory
>oard of the men, announced Tuesday
light after a meeting at 5 p.m. that
ho seven board members "had agreed
call off the strike in View of the
vritten assurance from the concilia-
ion board regarding the basis of set*
lement of the award."   The statement
-as signed by all three of the board
lembers: A. M. Pound A. G. McCand
>ss and R. P. Pettipiece.
No  details  regarding, tb?,,written
issurances from the conciliation board
vere made public , and will not be
announced  until  the  department  of
abor, Ottawa, wires permission in re-
fly to a telegram  from  Vancouver.
Ul Mr. Cottrell would say was that
he basis of settlement of the men's
;laims was "considerably better."
Mr. Cottrell, while confirming the
itatement that the men would not
trlke before the conciliation board's
.ward was made, made it plain that
he men would not necessarily accept
he final award of the board. They
ould carry on the city's street rail-
ay traffic until the award was an-
lounced, when the matter would come
p again for reconsideration, he said.
The terms of the settlement can be
'Ublished only on the authority of the
partment of labor at Ottawa.
William Bayley, an Old-time and
Respected Resident of Coll-
ingwood, Passes on
, William Bayley, veteran pressman,
■'passed away on Sunday, Ootober 23,
1923, In the St. Paul's hospital, after a
brief illness at the age of 68. The late
Mr. Bayley, 2409 Queens avenue, South
Vancouver, was a resident of this city
for over 80 years, He came from the
London, Ont, Advertiser, and joined
the staff of the Vancouver World, under the management of the late J. 0.
McLagan. The world was then located
Cordova street, between Cambie
and Homer. Mr. Bayley remained
with this paper for many years. , He
and the late John Warren Installed in
the world offlce the flrst web-press
erected ln this province. Mr. Bayley
was well and favorably known to the
old-time members of the fraternity in
Western Ontario and British Columbia, bing one of the oldest pressmen
In Canada.
Before the advent of the International Pressmen's union, Mr. Bayley
had been a member of the Typography
cal union, which then admitted pressmen as members. When they broke
away from that body and formed
separate organization, he affiliated
with the new union of pressmen. He
was a very painstaking and industrious
man, somewhat reserved, but was
well-liked by all who knew him and
his friends were legion. He leaves a
wife and grown-up family to mourn
his loss. A Bon lost his life in the
great war. The funeral, being largely
attended, was held Wednesday afternoon, at 3:30 o'clock tb Ocean View
Burial park, after a' service in the
Mount Pleasant undertaking chapel,
Rev. George Reynolds officiating.
Thirty-one  Fatal  Accidents   in
Ooal Mines'of British Columbia in 1922
Fifty-third Annual Oonvention of
A, F. of L. Commences
Ootober 1st
ncouver's -Ireat Need To-day
Is Medium-Sized Modern
I House    rents    In Vancouver    are
Igh, and in some instances practlc-
\y prohibitive to the average wage-
frner.   Vancouver's  great  need  to-
hy is medium-sized modern homes.
pe question Ib what are we going to
about lt?      Building material is
111  belp.g sold  at almost war-time
\ces.   Here  Ib  a  big  demand  for
fuses.   Land Is cheap.   By process
| elimination the reason Is found ln
■ high cost   of   building   supplies.
Ijilding contractors state that they
nnot procure work enough to keep
fpir plants and workmen going, be-
jise they are   prevented    by   high
|ces  of   material.    As  summarized
evening   paper  the    coat    of
limbing in a Ave-roomed house to-
- runs from $300 to $360, whereas
p 1914 the same job could be done
$150.    The  ordinary toilet  outfit
Vat used to cost the plumbers 113.50
ffore  the war,   to-day  costs   them
!.26.      The   bathtub  that  in   1913
t $22,  costs $43 to-day.   Cost of
pipe ln 1913 was about 23 cents.
■foot, and to-day it    is   67    cents.
hlle the wage of plumbers, to-day
l $8 against $5 a day in 1913, the
ftference in the labor cost in the in-
kllation of plumbing in a five-room-
I house amounts to only about   $12,
hges are no higher here than else-
Report of Federal Department of
Labor Covers Ten-year Period
—Output per Fatality
■'THERE was a miner killed in the
province of Alberta for every 170,-
000 tonB of conl mined in 1922, according to the report of thefederal
department of labor. In the province
of British Columbia there was in the
same year a fatality for every 88,000
tons raised. The figures for Nova
Scotia are not given. The report
covers a ten-year period. The lowest
output per fatality in Alberta was
18,000 tona ln 1924, and the highest
282,000 in 1921. In British Columbia
the lowest output per fatality waa
37,000 tons in 1915; and the highest
25,000 in 1921.
In 1922 there were 31 fatal accld-
dents in the coal mines of British
Columbia, a ratio of 4.66 per 1,000
employed; in the metal mines of that
province the number of fatal accidents was 6, or 2.84 per thousand;
In Alberta the number was 35, a ratio
cf 4.12; tn Ontario 30, a ratio of 2.72;
in Quebec 16, a ratio of 2.72. The
Nova Scotia figures for 1922 are not
given; in 1921 ln that province there
wero 29 fatal accidents, a ratio, of
3.36 per thousand.
What tho Farmer Gets
.lalf the farmers tn the United
htes mnde less than $1,000 laat
kr, according to Nathan Straus, Jr.,
Iiirman agricultural committee, who
specialized on the problem of
hi production, declares in the
jierlcan   Agriculturist   that   while
i terrors of crop failure have been
Pgely overcome by agricultural re-
jrch, no Increased -prosperity has
Km. to the fnrmer from his larger
|-ps. Said he: "The average farm-
reward for his long hours of
flrk and his risk wai ln 1919, a ban
year, $1,456.    It was only $465
1920.    It was $1,211 in 1922."
Operate One-man Cars
The Danville (111.) Street Car company has installed one-man cars, and
employees who have been retained
arc asking for higher wages because
they do two men's work.
Aiding Labor College
The Portland, Ore., Central Labor
council ha? asked affiliates to support
thc local labor college. It ls estimated that $1,500 will be needed to
carry on activities planned. This
can be met by the unions purchasing
scholarships at a cost of one cent per
member per month. The college haa
been in existence two years, and formerly operatetd as a central labor
council activity. It was found, however, that this added burden on officers of the central body detracted
from the efficiency of both the council and the college. The council is
now represented on the college board,
as is the various local trade unions.
Hooks Most People Protended to Huve
CM ccr's Canterbury Tales are
stories in verso, probably composed in
imitation of Boccaclo's Decameron.
Theso stories are supposed to be told
by pilgrims to enliven their Journey
from Southwark to Canterbury. Chaucer resembles Shakespeare In bis
power of creating characters, in hia
sensitiveness to tho beauty of naturo
and in his humor, The Canterbury
Tales also give a wonderfully vivid
picture of lifo fn England during the
fourteenth century.
Pull emancipation for all citizens is
the only remedy today for the hatred
and mistrust that has been created
on the continent of Burope.—G. H.
Warne, M.P.
British and Canadian Fraternal
Oompers Safe
npHE annual convention of the
■1* American Federation of Labor will
be held at Portland, Ore., commencing
October 1. Union officials expect it to
be the most important convention ln
the federation's hiBtory. The convention is scheduled to continue for two
weeks, and every outstanding problem
of labor, as well as the relation of the
American labor movement to the European labor movement will be discussed.
Approximately 500 delegates, representing every local union, central labor
union, state federation of labor and international union will attend the convention. Fraternal delegates from
England and Canada will be present
The business of the convention will
cover a wide range of subjects, including immigration, amalgamation of
trade unions, "one big union," the cooperative movement among labor
unions, workers' education and the establishment of trade union classes and
colleges, organization of the steel
workers, child labor legislation, legislation concerning women in Industry,
the courts and Injunctions in labor
disputes, compulsory arbitration, the
Fascist! and the Ku Klux Klan, the
Volstead act, and the eighteenth
amendment, labor banka and credit
resources, and labor and the farmer.
The convention will adopt labor's
non-partisan political programme
which will be submitted to the conventions of both major parties next summer.
There is no indication of a contest
for the seat of President Samuel Gompers, but it iB known that soviet sympathizers will attempt to embarrass the
labor chief in several ways. An attempt will be made to have the convention reverse ,|ts policy with regard
to recognition of aovlet Russia. Delegatea from the Pacific coast, It ls believed, will present resolutions calling
for the recognition of soviet Russia and
for the resumption of trade relations
between the United Statea and the soviet government.
Labor Party Movement
Another attempt will be made to
have the federation endorse the movement for the establishment in this
country of a labor party modelled
after that of the British labor party.
One of the most important problems
tn be taken up at the convention will
be the situation In the building tradea
and lta effect on housing. Plana will
be presented calling for the stabilization of the building situation. In this
connection an attempt will be made to
straighten out all jurisdictional disputes between unions in the building
trades so that construction will not be
One of the bars toward peace ln the
building trades is the dispute between
the carpenters and the sheet metal
workera as to which shall have jurisdiction over the hanging of metal
doors and trim. This dispute has resulted In the withdrawal of the 350,-
000 carpentera rom the Building
Trades department of the A. F. of L,,
although not from the federation itself. An attempt will be made to have
the carpenters once more affiliate with
the Building Trades department. The
hanging of metal doors and trim haa
been awarded to the aheet metal work-
era by the National* Board for Jurisdictional Awards In the Building Industry. .
Apprenticeship Programme
Building trade unions are expected
to present labor's apprenticeship programme, and subsequent efforts will
bo made to convince employers and
the building interests at large that the
programmo is a sound and practical
one, which, if followed, would result
in a large increase of capable building
trade mechanics.
Federation officials maintain that
the method of voting and doing business at the convention Js as democratic
a one as could bo devised. There Is
one vote for every 1000 members in
the federation, making approximately
8500 votea for the 3,500,000 members.
An nflllintcd organization may send
one delegate for the flrst hundred
members, two for the first thousand,
and so on up In geometrical ratio.
Any delegate may submit any number of resolutions he wishes. Under
the rulea, resolutions are presented on
tho first hnd second daya. They are
grouped under subjects and thon are
referred to committees. Public hoar
ings aro hold by the committees,
which Ihen make a decision, and
thc resulting resolution, If there be
one, Is printed and subsequently sub
mlttcd to the entire eonvention. Do-
bate follows, and then the voto is
taken. As soon as the resolutions arc
printed they arc supplied to tbo delegates, who have them before them
when they are discussed on tho floor
of the convontion,
Is only ono Labor
1 Paper in British Columbia,
Hie B. C. Foderationist, and
that paper needs the support of
organized labor.
The polloy off the paper is to
support the International Labor
movement, and to build ap the
existing labor unions, bnt this
can only be done with the aid of
the onions, and to this end we
are asking all local unions to
send us In the news of the craft
whicli they have Jurisdiction
While The Federatlonist ls desirous of supporting the various
craft organizations, with the
limited finances at hand, lt Is
Impossible to cover all the local
meetings, and If your organization will send in reports after
each meeting, it will help the
work along.
Why not appoint a press correspondent, and see thnt the
news of yonr organization is circulated through Uie ranks of organized labor.
There Is another way your
local can help* The Federationist, and that ls by subscribing
In a body. Why not support
your own paper. It will bring
Caused by Lapsed  Members of
Trade Unions and Reduced
Wages of Workers
Gravity of Situation Fully Appreciated by Leaders and by
Rank and File
[Labor Press Service]
LONDON, Sept. 14.—It would be
startling tf the full figures relating
to the decline In trade union incomes,
caused by lapsed members and by the
impoverishment of those members who
are fortunate enough to be in work at
reduced wages, were known. They are
probably not much more than half
what they were in 1920, and it Ib certain that current expenditure in sickness, superannuation and unemployment benefits is at least equal to the
aggregate income. With amazing
heroism and self-sacrifice the workers
who aro still in employment havo contributed to the necessities of their less
fortunate fellows. But the working
trade unionist has himself sustained
appalling losses. Official figures ahow
that the wages of the great mass of
trade unionists fell in 1921 by over
£6,000,000 a week, by over £4,000,000
a week In 1922, and are still falling;
there has been a net decrease of nearly half a million, affecting over 3,250,-
000 work people in the first seven
months of the present year. Altogether
the national wage bill has been reduced during the period of the slump by
not less than £600,000,000 a year.
Theae are the central facts of the situation confronting the trade unionB as
the fourth workless winter approaches. Their gravity can only be
fully appreciated by the trade union
leaders and by the rank and file of the
unions who know how ill-prepared
they now are to meet the strain of
these dark monttiB.
"War ls won, now win peace," say
Lord Birkenhead.   How are you going
to do It?
Visitors En Route
The annual convention of the Amalgamated Electric Street Rallwaymen's
association, was held at Oakland Cal.,
commencing Sept. 10. Delegates returning to their homes arrived,in Vancouver on Monday and spent a few
happy houra. Among them were: Mrs.
T. W. Nelaon, Mrs. M. J. Coyne, Miss
Molly Nash, all of Pittsburg, Pa.; F.
Nelaon, P. J. .McGrnth (secretary division 85); David Findley, Dan. Denley,
C. C. Riffle, J. O. O'Connor, Patrick
O'Connor, M. J. Coyne, Wm. Ryan.
Wm. White, all of Pittsburg, and Hugh
Thorn, East Liverpool, Ohio.
Secure Better Conditions on No. 1
Elevator—Quarterly Meeting
Called for October 8th
The regulur fortnightly meeting of
the United Brotherhood of Carpen
ters, Local 452, was held last Monday evening. There was a fair attendance present and two new members wore initiated.
Tho business agent reported having
secured better conditions on No. 1
elevator, and also on his efforts to
have the fair-wages clause enforced
on No. 2 elevator. Plans have not yet
been completed for the finishing of
the Y.M.C.A. job, but it is expected
the work will begin at on enrly date.
The next meeting of No. 452 Ih the
specially-called quarterly meeting, on
October 8th. A large turnout is expected.
Beyond Expression
First Political Prisoner—Say, comrade, I onco heard fhat Upton Sinclair
spent a whole week on a single paragraph to get the proper words to describe an Incident In one of his stories.
Socond Political prisoner—That's
nothing; I've bcen horo four years on
a single sentence and I fall to flnd
tho proper words with which to ex
press myself.
Proposal to Create Private Company to Pay Workers'
Flan Intended to End Feeling
of Insecurity and Promote
Better Morale
NO legislative problem seems too intricate for Wisconsin to tackle,
and her latest venture in many ways is
the moat unique and difficult of all, as
well as the most Interesting. There
will come up for final vote this fall
the question of adopting the Huber
bill on unemployment. The principle
underlying this bill Is unique. It never
has been tried before, except ln a
limited, voluntary way by private concerns. It challenges the methods of
Europe, and ln particular Great Britain, fn that It relies for its functioning upon the ingenuity of business
men alone, without any essential help
from the government. As Senator
Huber of Wisconsin has put it: "The
state, labor or the community cannot
prevent unemployment. That ls why
we do not want them to bear Its coat.
Not one dollar of tax burden will be
added. Management, industry and
credit can prevent the periodic unemployment lf they aet themselves to the
task. Once the incentive ls created by
law the road Is clear."
The Huber Blu
In the Huber bill It is provided that
all employers of the state, with a few
exceptions, shall form themselveB into
a statewide mutual inaurance company
and pay premiums in proportion to
the regularity with which each keeps
his labor force working. The employer
who hires ahd fires indiscriminately
will pay a high premium. The employer who exhausts all means at his
command to keep his normal force
working on full time will have his reward in the smaller premium assessed
against him. Thus there will be
Bteady Incentive to keep continuous
the employment of all labor, regardless of whether any Individual employer is out of sympathy with the
plan ornot.*"
In spite of all these efforts, Indus
try is bound to suffer aome seasonal
and periodic dislocation from which
a certain amount of unemployment
will be the result. To take care of
these unemployed the atate insurance
company will pay benefits at the rate
of $1 a day for adult men and women,
and 50c a day for boys and girls between 16 and 18 years.
Entitled to Benefits
The unemployed—provided they
have worked six montha for one or
more employera—will be entitled to
benefits for a maximum period of six
weeks, with the limit increased to
thirteen weeks after the third year.
Workers idlo as a result of a Btrike or
lockout are not entitled to benefits.
The Huber bill does not apply to em
ployers who hire less than six work
men or to farm laborers or employeea
of the state, cities, towna, villages or
school district. No new commissions
or state machinery la called for in the
bill since administration ls provided
for through the State Industrial com
mission with the co-operation of an
unpaid advisory board of employers
and employees.
Economists, Buch na Professor John
R. Commons, who is responsible for
drafting many of the bill's provisions,
pronounce It all right In theory. What
It will be In practice-only Ume can tell
If lt proves half as efficacious In reducing unemployment as compensation laws have been In reducing the
number and severity of nccidents, It
will have amply earned Its right to
live. The very crux of the labor problem lies in this fear of a lack of con
tlnuous work which haunts the minds
of so many men and women.
Weighs on thc Workere' Mind
"Employers," says Mr. Rountree,
head of the Rountree Cocoa works of
York, England, and himself an em
ployer of 7000 workers, "do not realize
how heavily a sense of insecurity
weighs on the worker's mind. Of the
three sources of Insecurity, unemployment, Illness and old age. unemployment Is the one that causes the worker
tho greatest concern. It drives the
Iron deeper into his heart than any
other economic evil that besets him.
There Is profound bitterness In the
thought that his labor (and therefore
himself, since he cannot be separated
from his labor) Is mere chattel, to be
bought, and kept while needed, and
when no longer needed, to bo thrown
away like an empty tomato can. That
thought makes thc promises of thc
revolutionist orators sound Inviting. It
Is the chief causo of Industrial unrest
After we have done all we can to reduce the volume of unemployment, wc
mii.it do all we can to reduce its men
ace and Injustice by Homo scheme of
unemployment Insurance."
Miss Bondfleld Elected
A London cable says that Miss .Mar
garet G. Bondfleld, well-known leader
among women workers, was elected
chairman of the general council of tho
trades union congress for the coming
year. She Is the first woman to hold
this prjsltlon, the most Important In
the trades union movement In Great
Now Placed on Efficiency Basis-
Reorganization of Office at
Victoria Completed
Reorganization of the government
printing offlce at Victoria on a complete cost of efficiency basis has been
completed by the provincial secretary,
with the passing of the formal order-
in-councll bringing the change officially Into force. Under the new system
which has been in the process of Installation for the last two months, the
amount of work produced for every
dollar which goes into the offlce ls
shown accurately. Under the system lt
will be possible to tell to a cent what
each piece of work turned out costs
and the degree of efficiency of each
machine. Putting tho government
printing offlce on a modern efficiency
basis, exactly the same as that obtaining In commercial printing offices,
has been planned for some time. The
government printing office Is the largest printing offlce in the province, and
costs nearly quarter of a million dollars a year. Besides producing all
government and liquor board printing
and the weekly official B. C. Gazette,
which Is the largest publication other
than a daily paper in the province,
the office ls now turning out the completion of the revised statutes, embodying all the laws of BrltlBh Columbia up-to-date. These statutes are
bound In a series of sheepskin volumes
for the courts and lawyers.
Two Minera Lose Lives
A Springhlll, N. S., news despatch
states that two miners, Charles Bouge-
maki, 47, and Woall Meckon, 42, were
killed there when "a dump" buried
them under 16 feet of coal and stone.
Pressmen's Strike in New York
Stops Most of the Leading
New Contraot Signed Gives 41
Hour Week and 57 Dollars
for Night Work
NEW YORK, Sept. 27—"If the newspaper publisners shall succeed in
securing tho loyalty of their workers
as an outcome of the pressmen's
strike, the community can well afford
to pay the cost," said the president of
a leading dry gooda concern of New
York. "But there cnn be no doubt,
he obaerved. "that the strike has
caused harm to business, owing to the
cessation of publicity, even if the damage cannot be immediately assessed.
The press," he added, "Ib ao important
an inatrumentality for conveying In
formation trom the trader to the
public that it cannot be interrupted
without loss."
The strike, according to an official
of an organization of dry goods dealers, has not ,by any means blasted
business, though It has caused difficulties. People, in this official's view,
buy things because they want them,
not because they see them advertised,
They do, however, go to this or that
shop to make their purchases becauae
of goods offered that correspond to
their needs, and prices quoted that
are according to their notion of
values. A woman will buy a gown
because she wants lt, but she may go
to a half-price sale that she sees advertised when she actually mukes the
An official of another organization
of dealers declared that the strike was
one of the best things that could have
happened to let tho managers of department stores see Just what newa-
pepers advertising amounts to. He
expressed the opinion that they had
all suffered,
A contract signed by the publishers
and the International Pressmen's
union acted to dissolve tho local
union, with the assurance that differences In tho future would be settled
by arbitration with the higher officers.
The contract also provided for a 41-
hour week for night shifts and 45-
hour week fnr day shifts. It carried
a revised pay scale as follows:
Men In charge of day work. $54 a
week; journeymen on day work, (48
a week; Juniors on day work, (32 a
week; men in charge of night work,
$57 a week; Journeymen on night
work, $51; Juniors on night work, (35.
Annual Report of British Labor
Party Grows Larger
and Fuller
Valuable Feature Is Section Devoted to Electoral Organisation 1922-1928
■pVERY year the annual report   of
the labor party grows larger, and
the Information contained Ir Its pages
fuller, more voluminous and detailed.
This year the report runs to close
upon 300 pases, covering tke work of
twelve months, from the conference at
Edinburgh, In June 1922, to the annual assembly In London last June,
when 900 delegates, representing
over 3,500,000 organised labor people,
met at Queen's hall, under the presidency of Sidney Webb, M.P .
Electoral Organisation
A valuable feature of the year's report is the section devoted to electoral
organization. It is of special importance this year on account of the
party's remarkable success ln political
propaganda,. signalised by the sweeping triumph of 142 labor candidates
at the polls in the November general elections. The, steady growth
of labor organisations ls ahown by
the fact that there are 2,653 divisional
and local labor parties and trades
councils throughout tne country, and
the number Is being Increased by the
work of special propagandas, national organisers, and local agents who
form a highly skilled and Indefatigable body of workers. There are
over a thousand women's sections
which form part of the local electoral
Wonderful Machine
This wonderful machine enabled
the labor party to place'in the field
ln the general election 414 candidates,
who fought more than two-thirds of
the constituencies In the country.
They rallied to the labor cause 4,286,-
733 electors, barely more than a million lesa than the total polled by the
conseryatlve party,. and nearly twice
as many as those polled! by the free
liberals; almest double the number
of labor votes recorded In the general
election of 1918. A full report Is
given of tho' proceedings of the
twenty-third annual conference, and
a mass of data on the International
situation Is contained'In the executive
report. The report of the udvisory
committee on finance ami commerce,
dealing with the proposal to reduce
tho rate of Interest, on war Joans, Is
printed as an appendix.
Thc volume, price Is." will be sent
post free for ls.  3%d.
Early in August Arizona motor
vehicle registrations totalled 41,501,
compared with 38.042 for all of last
It la estimated, thnt tojurists have
spent (24,000,000 In Vancouver In
fiscal year ending (September 1st.
Donates Movie Pictures to Russia
showing Latest Methods of
(•.rain 1 ta (slug. l-.tr.
Seven pictures, a total of 0147 feet
of film, showing Idlest methods of
grain raising, Irrigation, water power,
salmon fishing and canning, maple
syrup refining, otc, are donated by
tho Canadian government motion pic-
lure bureau. Special arrangements
wero made-hy thc Canadian authorities to save the payment of duty to
the United States on this gift to tho
Kusninn people. The shipment is in
charge of Alexander Bucholtz, who
will also install il at Moscow according to directions given by the American college authorities. The samo
ship bears the motion picture expeditions of tho Friends of Soviet Hussla,
In charge of William F. Kruse.
Consideration of Obligations of
Canada Arising Under Labor
Section Peace Treaty
An Ottawa despatch says that the
conferonco of rep rose n tat I yes of the
dominion and provincial governments,
wliich opened Tuesday, fpr the consideration of the obligations of Canada
arising under tbe labor section of tho
peaco treaty, was continued during
Wednesday afternoon under the chairmanship of Hon. James .Murdock.
minister of labor. Among olher matters, consideration was plvon to the
principles enunciated, in the peace
treaty for the avoidance of labor unrest. Federal and firovniclirl delis
gates conferred at Some length 'luring the afternoon HOBslOQ on the draft
convention of lho International labor
conference, which alms at the introduction of the olght-|iour day
and 48-hour week in industrial undertakings. Proceedings terminated
at a lato hour. An officio^ report will
be given to the proft} 'P. "■ •■r*-,*Y. days.
Only n Few r.x-vptloii***
Young man, don't swear.' There la
no occasion for it outside* of it printing olllce. where it la useful when tho
paper is behind tlrho. ■ It also comes
In handy In proof-reading and is "Indispensable" when lhe hik works
badly and the proBS bogins-to "buck."
li is sometimes brought into use when
the foreman's mad; and K has heen
known to entirely. coihOVQ the tired
reeling of the oditor *vhon Ji-n looks
over the paper oflor It, bos beon
printed. Outside the printing oflico it
Is a foolish habit:—Trait NqwB.
Plato ami  \rlnlotlj. ,
There was between them an affection controlled hy tho-knowledgo or
their mental differences, pinto would
at one moment call Aristotle the
genius of his school, and at the next
laugh at him for seeking truth in
books. "Thoro in tho house of tho
reader." ho would say, lu.passing the
dwelling of Aristotle, and go on to
his own house, there,to write hooks
which he muat have known would be
read as long ns men have eyes. PAGE TWO
Published  every Friday morning by
The   British   Columbia   Federationist
Business Offico:  1129 Howo Street
Editorial Office: Hoom 306—319 Pondor W.
Editorial Board: P. R. BonBOugh, K. H. -Noel*
 anda, George Bartley.	
Subscription Rato: United States and Foreign, $8.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Unions sub*
scribing in a body, 16c por member per
Unity of Labor:   The Hop* of the World
FRIDAY September   28,  10H3
A FTER several weeks negotiations
_t\ regarding new scales of wages betwoen tho B. C. Electric Railway company and its railroad employeea, a
temporary agreement technically satisfactory to the contending parties,
was arrived at Tuesday afternoon.
Tho strike limed to take place at 5
o'clock Wednesday morning was thus
averted. The award of the conciliation board will not be handed down
until first reported to the labor department at Ottawa. The union's advisory committee, namely, W. H. Cottrell (chairman), V. A. Hoover, F. E,
Griffin, A. J. Bond, R. C. Higgins, J.
Petticrew and W. H. Gibson, are being congratulated on all sides for the
very able manner in which they conducted thc case for the men.
Aunt Sarah Expresses Her Views
and They All Agreed
With Her
THE    resolution    adopted
recent convention of the
by  the
and Labor Congress favoring higher
pay for letter carriers will meet with
unanimous approval by all persons
who are cognizant of the poor remuneration received by these workers in
the public service. One can hardly
conceive of milch harder and more
disagreeable work than that of the
letter carriers, unless it is mining,
stoking, ditch-digging, etc. The men
who deliver lettera and papers and
packages to one's door must walk
about 20 miles a day and climb many
hundreds of stair steps. No matter
what the weather, they always are on
the job. If It ia raining, snowing or
freezing, thoy have to be trudging
along, mile after mile, with their
heavy sacks of mail on their should
ers. All fair-minded persons will
agree that work such as this should
be well paid for. Enemies of gov*
ernment ownership argue that under
it men would be over-paid and would
not work as hard as when working
for corporations, The caae of the
government letter carriers knocks
such argument out for the count of
ten. It Is true that some of thc high
officials in the postal department are
overpaid, and do not collapse vory
often from over-fatigue, but then—
there are a lot of officials and directors ln big corporations who draw
150,000 or more a year for looking
wise—or trying to.
It seems that some "statesmen"
are more afraid of Bolshevik propaganda than they are of the plague—
witness the sending back of the relief
ship from Russia for the Japanese
earthquake aufforers because government officiala in Japan "thought"
there might be some Soviet propaganda mixed up with the food sent
from Russia to help prevent starvation amongst fellow human beings.
If such action on the part of those
ln charge of Japan was not tragic lt
would be laughable.
A subscriber called up the "Fed"
recently and complained about a mistake on the address label of his paper.
"You have the Initial 'A' correct, but
my lost name la not Corker,", he
said. Upon looking up thc mailing
list It was found that there was a
mistake and that thc paper waa addressed to "A. Corker." Yes, it whs
"a corker" of a mistake.
How Rook
"the Master Breed" Is a book worth
"reading, a book thai will be read with
interest by all readers who nre somewhat nauseated with "society" stories
•of dissipated, idlo rich In "Tho Master
Breed," by Francis Dickie, publiflhed
by McClelland and Stewart, Toronto.
In some reapects, "Tho Master Breed"
reminds onc of some of lhe famous
tales of the northern seas that made I
Jack London world famous. The
book Is intensely Interesting, is chuch-
fult of action, and at thc same time
well Interspersed with philosophic
comment on modern economic problems. Elfrlda, daughter of the Vlck-
ings, who captalna her own whaling
vessel, and devotes hor profits to novel
homes for seafaring men, where "the
men arc not preached to or catohe-
chised on religious subjects," Is the
central figure of thla story. An in
■night into the Ideas of thtn strange
■character is given hy her remark that
she "haa no use for lho Inactive
Christianity of tho avorage churchgoer." hne) In discussing "what's
wrong with the world," this strange
heroine saya: "With elevators and
cold storage warehouses flllod with
grain and meat, little children are under nourished In tho mldnt of plenty.
All unnecessary—faulty distribution,
faulty organisation. Yet most of lhe
modern master-brood look on uncaring, Ah, the master breed of today
aro not wise—and yet tho tollera ank
of thom so littlo—onough food,
clothes and a roof ovor their headfl,
and to be given work by which to
■earn it"
Assented to by Nice Intelligent
Workman Who Was Not
a Socialist
[By Evelyn Sharp, London Daily
F I HAD my  way,"   began  Aunt
Sarah, and paused indulgently tc
allow   family    comment   to   run   Its
"The world would be a different
place, wouldn't it, Aunt Sarah?" tensed a privileged nephew. "You'd
have a royal wedding every week to
encourage trado, and a permanent
war-to-end-war, and capital punishment for domestic servants "
"Don't tease your aunt," said his
father. "But for her, England
might be what it isn't."
"Tell us your latest grievance,
Sally," begged her sister-in-law, rather less impolitely. "Or is it Btill
the unemployed-woman-who-won't-
"My dear," sighed Aunt Sarah, who
ha,d been wishing whllq they Jeered
that the progressive views of her
brother Tom's household would sometimes extend to providing something
newer than cold beef for Shuday
night's supper, "my dears, 1 don't
pretend, as you do, to reform the
world. Nor would you, I fancy, if you
thought for a moment that the reforms you advocate were really coming to pans. For all that, I pride myself on moving with the times." She
turned upon her unprepared sister-
in-law. "What element did you employ in cooking this joint, Fanny?"
she demanded, truculently.
"Element?" faltered Fanny. "Oh,
Sally, you've never taken to spiritualism, have you?"
For the next Ave minutes she described with detail the charms of
electric power as compared with gas
or coal for domestic purposes. "The
servant problem Is solved," she
wound up, eloquently. "No dirt, no
gas oven—you could put your head
inside an electric cooker for hours
with no more inconvenience than
would naturally attend such a peculiar proceeding—no sweep, no spring
cleaning. When you want your dinner cooked, you turn a switch, and
there you are?"
"But are you?" wondered an In
credulous sister-in-law. "How do you
know when it is done?'
"Oh, a bell rings," interposed her
"Then Aunt Sarah turns another
switch, and it dishes. Itself up."
Tho domestic Innovator remained
unperturbed. "I have often noticed,"
she observed, "that advanced people
are the most difficult of all to reconcile to a new Idea, Here you all live
In your antiquated fashion, breathing
poisonous fumes, blackening your
lungs with coal dust, shrinking your
meat to a shred ln the ordinary
oven "
"I'm sorry the beef Is tough, dear,"
said Fanny, grasping at the one portion of Aunt Sarah's discourse that
seemed Intelligible. ")
Isn't it very expensive?" aaked
her brother Tom, to show that he did
take an Intelligent interest In new
"Oh, no, dad!" said the incorrigible
nephew. "Think what Aunt Sarah
will save In chimney sweeping and
the shrinkage of her dally chopl Besides, aho doesn't smoke or drink.
Why shouldn't she have her vices
like the rest of ua?"
"If you've done being witty," remarked Aunt Sarah, "you may as
well hear that I am not going to make
a vice of electricity simply because
of its prohibitive price. Ves, Fanny,
yeu are quite right. It Ib my latest
grievance. Really, It Is preposterous!
The nice intelligent workman who
came to see me nbout it—a really
superior porson, none of your socialist*,!—explained lt ull moBt beautifully. Thero Is plenty of electricity
for everybody, he says. All you have
to do la to catch It, as lt were—like
broadcasting, I auppoHe, though I
don't pretend to have mastered tho
wholo thing completely. But, anyhow, I ahould have to puy twopence-
farthing for what 1 could get at a
penny lf I lived In the next etreet and'
had the municipal supply. Have you
ever heard anything so Idiotic, and
so dishonest?"
"Often," murmurod Tom.
Aunt Sarah continued to air her
grievance. "He said lt was all the
fault of these profiteering companies,
whoae only object ia to make money
out of un! And all tho while tho government might havo beon building
ntatlonn—I think he said stations,
though lt Bounds peculiar—ln different parts of England, and then we
eould all have had electricity laid on
for next to nothing! I cun't think
why the govornmont turnod down
such a sensible 'plan," ahe added,
looking worried. "It must have been
when poor Mr. Bonar Law was 111 and
the lubor party was riding rough-
nhoil over everything! If only there
wan a football match every day, to
draw them off from the houae of
"If I had my way," cried Aunt
Sarah, back again at the point from
which she opened the subject, "I
should abolish all these cheating companies that profiteer hy robbing tho
poor middle clans, and have ono bit?
public supply for tho whole country,
so that you could be connoctod for so
much a year and use aa much ns you
wauled—like llctonlng-ln. you know,"
Some Very Striking Arguments Made
by Business Man
Edward A. Filene, head of one of
tho largest department stores in the
world, in a prepaid article on the
minimum wage question, sets forth
some very striking arguments. Some
of the points made by Mr. Filene are
worthy of reproduction. We publiah
nlne of the most Important:
1. Wages that do not give the
worker a chance to live properly are
not real wages—they are "counterfeit wages."
2. A fair-size minimum wage would
force small stores to enhance their
efficiency—would compel them to get
full value from their employeos.
3. There can bo no adequate market, no worth while consuming public,
if fair wages are not paid. Thin is
particularly true since the falling off
of foreign demand for American goods.
4. A minimum wage, enforced by
law, is an effective and necessary curb
upon the greedy employer.
5. The Industry or the business
which cannot afford to pay decent
wages has no place in the economic
picture. It places the burden of support of these underpaying industries
upon others.     i
6. Worried workera are not efficient
7. Adequate wages encourage an
interest in civic affairs.
8. When a merchant must pay a
higher wage, he is more than likely to
weed out incompetents.
9. Merchants, in considering wages
must realize that the big drain Is of-
times not costs of operation, but In
waste.—Metal Trades Department
FRIDAY September   28, 1923 I
Handling, Marketing and Sale of
Farm Products Instituted in
Queensland, Australia
Trade Union Funds Practically
Exhausted by Drain of
[Labor Press Service]
London, Sept. 14.—When the economic slump began, in the winter of
1920-21, the trade uniona were in a
fairly strong position. Membership
was at the peak; there were 6,500,-
000 In the unions affiliated to the
Trades Union congress. The number
of unemployed amongat their members was not much, if at all, above
the normal average of 4 per cent.
Their funds wore never larger, and
stood for these unions reporting either
to the chief registrar or to the ministry of labor at over £16,000,000.
Union incomes, dorived both from
investments and from their largely
Increased memberships, wcro computed to be in the neighorbood of
111,500,000 in 1920, or an average of
26s.  9d. a member.
What Individual working-class savings amounted to it la. difficult to estimate, but their total was not small.
WageB were only Juat beginning to
decline from the level thoy reached ln
the war, and prices were also falling.
Three successive winters of unemployment, thirty-two months of trade
depression, have reduced these Imposing figures almost to a row of
ciphers. Trade union funds have
been practically exhausted by Lhe
drain of unemployment. In 1921-1.2
the unions paid out over £20,000,000
to their unemployed members, and
the hemorrhage which has bled them
white has gone on.
Its Demand Cornea from Citizens of
All Ages and Occupations
The demand for popular education
Ib rapidly growing, says Charles G.
Maphls, director of extension, university of Virginia, in a pamphlet on
'Education Extension." This demand,
aayn Prof. Maphls, comes from citizens
of all occupations and ages who can
not secure formal instruction within
schools and colleges as now organized.
"Notwithstanding- the remarkable
increase ln enrollment ln our secondary schools and colleges," he says,
"extension teaching has been the outstanding feature of educational effort
in this country in the past two years,
and in growth haa far surpassed any
other phase of educational development."
Prof. Maphls gives this explanation
of the remarkable educational movement thut is now Hweeplng the coun
"University extension Is the organized and sysdemntlc effort to bring
some of the advantages for culture
and Instruction within the university
to people who are not enrolled as re
sident students, and thus to make the
campus of the university as wide as
the state itself. It renders the resources of the unlveralty's faculty, libraries, laboratories and shops available to the largest possible number ef
Individuals and communities, by carrying them out Into the state and applying them ln creative helpfulness.
"A university Bhould not only discover truth, but disseminate truth;
and university extension, therefore, is
an attempt to bring the university to
thoBe who can not go to lt. This Is
especially true of a state university,
supported aa It la by the taxes of all
the people; It Is under moral and busl'
nens obligation to render service to
each citizen and to the atate."
Striking Success of Experiment-
Aim at Complete Elimination
of Middlemen
THE scheme of agricultural organization for the direct handling, marketing, and sale of farmers' products,
instituted by the labor movement of
Queensland last year, has proved highly successful. As many as 690 local
producers' associations have been
formed throughout Lhe .state, with an
aggregale membership of 21,000 working farmers. The associations are
now putting into operation a scheme
for conserving enough feed for stock
to last farmers through the severest
drought. Bulk storage facilities will
be established in central places, with
individual silos on farms. The associations are also utilizing machinery
for the collective buying of farm requisites, erection of silos, and purchase of live stock and machinery.
They aim at the complete elimination
of the middlemen.
Produces Treble the Wealth of His
British Comrade
C. A. McCurdy, M.P. for Northamp-
lon, lhe principal boot and shoe manufacturing city of the British Isles, In
a recent speech to the business men of
Leeda, Eng., pointed out that American labor haa now become the most
productive in lhe world. "The American worker," he stated, "is producing
man for man, week by week, treble
the wealth which is being produced by
his British comrade, and he Is getting
treble ihe wagea. To illustrate his
contention, he took hla own trade, the
manufacture of ahoea. In thla buainess he cited figures showing that the
net output per worker in the United
Statea waa $17.50, while that of the
British workman was but {5.45. In
the production of coal the output had
fallen In England from 312 to 269
tons per man per year. In America,
on the other hand, it had risen from
400 to 681 tons per man.
British Assail Ford System of Production as Soul Killing
An attack on the sound effects of
Hhe Ford syatem of masa production
waB made at the conference on induatrlal welfare held recently at Balloil
college, Oxford, under the auspices of
the Industrial Welfare society, states
a wireless. The discussion had been
started on the need of adopting for
English factories aome definite plan of
adminiatration and the suggestion was
made that this would deprive people
of initiative and would tend to become
"soul killing like the Ford works."
Dr. William M. Johnson, medical
officer of the Ford Motor company,
took exception to the epithet, saying
that Ford employees In Great Britain
all received three shillings per hour,
and none of them seemed to have lost
his soul.
Other speakers, however, argued
that a good deal of bolshevist preaching came from those who had to spend
their days on repetition processes, and
Miss Mathlas of the English Electric
company declared: "What we want is
a robot, not a man. We don't want
men of Intelligence if we are going to
Fordize industry."
Not Decreasing as Was Shown
in Reports from 5794
Late advices from Ottawa show that
employment in Canada at the beginning of September as indicated in reports from 5,794 employera throughout the country, remained upon practically the came level as disclosed at
the beginning of August according to
figures appearing in the' report made
publlo by the dominion bureau of statistics. The returns made' to the bureau show payrolls standing, at 821,000
as against 824,000 In the report issued at the beginning of August. Men
are leaving railway construction
gangs to work in the harvest fields
ls given as the, explanation for the
decline. Agriculture was not repre'
sented in the report.
Sir Donald Mann Returns from
That Country—Praises People
for their Efforts
A Toronto despatch says that Sir
Donald Mann, the noted Canadian rail
way builder, haa Just returned to that
city from a visit of several montha in
Russia. He praises the Russian leaders and people for their efforts to establish a new order of things for themselves. Sir Donald travelled over 2600
miles of the more important parts of
the former empire of the czars. He
held social conferences with soviet
leaders. Questioned regarding living
conditions in that country, he described them aa being fairly comfortable,
all things considered. Sir Donald
travelled from Petrograd to Moscow,
and from Moacow to the Black sea.
"In the north they are raising rye
and in the south you travel for days
through great wheat fields. Crops in
the north have been damaged by
heavy rains, but in the south lhe harvest is very fair!
"What I was impressed by most was
the earnestness of the people. Men In
government positions often work all
night. Everyone fa working at top
speed to get the country back on ita
"Moscow ia in process of reconstruction. Smashed houses are being rebuilt. New stores are going up every
day. There are miles of new shops In
Moscow. These shops are all leased
by tho government to the shop own-
"I liked the people and the country.
The people were all very kindly and
nice to get along with. Of course
there was no French cooking, but you
could alwaya get a chop or a steak,
sometimes chicken, sometimes ice
cream for dessert. The food was good
and plain;
"There is nothing for the powers to
do except recognize Russia. There is
nothing to take the place of the present government. Everyone in Russia
tells you that, Including the people.
They don't want the landed gentry
back. They ran away when the revolution came on and left the people to
fight. Now they have this present
government, and I believe it is solid
an'd will last,       *
"They are doing business on a gold
basis In Russia, and you always know
where you are with the money. Their
gold notes are worth five to the pound
sterling. When you go out of the
country, or at any time, you can take
them to a bank and get English
pounds or American dollars for them."
"In 1913 there were 14,008 persons
with incomes over £5,000 a year; in
1921 there were 27,499, practically
double."—Mr. Snowden.
Always look up The Fed. advertiser!
before making purchases.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Disappears  u  lf  by  magic whan
ii used, Oas pains, aold stomach, sour
stomach, burning and all etter-eetlng distress relieved In two minutes.     All    Drag
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. Ho Is doing the beat he
can. Why complain because Qeorge
does It.    Why not do It yourself?
"Did you propose that to tho nice
Intelligent working man who wasn't
a soclullBt V" asked hor nephew,
Aunt Sarah was delighted to aeo
that she hnd impressed the family at
last, "Certainly, I did!" she retorted, triumphantly, "And, what's more,
he said ho quito agreed with me!"
itailCW ■ in ■■• •"-—■--■—	
This advertisement Is not published or displayed by
the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of
 _ British Columbia.        ■__..
Store Opens at 9 a-m, and
Closes at 6 p.m.
New Camel Hair
New camel hair coating, in natural shade, finest
quality;  54 inches wide—$7.50 yard.
Camel Hair Coating in smart two-tone effects, in
medium or large plaid styles; 60 inches wide—
$8.75 a yard.
Chinchilla Coatings that are reversible. A soft-
finish wool chinchilla coating with a distinctive
weave. Shown in new fall tones, such as grebe,
amarana green, cartouche, smoke groy ot- golden
brown, with a reverse of contrasting color; 54
inches wide—$8.50 a yard.
—Drysdale's Woollen Goods Shop, First Floor.
575 Granville Street
Phone Seymour 3540
There is no "gross materialism"
about the labor movement To us the
satisfaction of man's bodily needs ls
simply a moans to an end. The ultimate ideal of labor Is the establishment of a free "ergatocracy" of
healthy, happy and enlightened men
and women, and beautiful "eugenic"
children. With John Ruskin we believe that "there la no wealth but
life," and that "that country is the
richest which nourishes the greatest
number of healthy and happy human
The Glaagow tramways again prove
the economy and wisdom of municipal ownership. In spite of a reduced
revenue; an increased expenditure on
extensions; a subsidy of over £7,000
to the subway; an increase of fully
fSO.000 in Interest; there remains a
surplus of £20,078.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
OUR Indies' ready-to-wear apparel gives
you those three essentials in every garment, Wo reproduce In our own factory tho
pick of the now models, and are thus able
to Bell at prices away below those charged
elsewhere. 'From Maker to Wearer' methods havo made tho FAMOUS what it Is today—the most popular atore of its kind on
the coast. See our wonderful exposition of
new FaU modes.
Fumous SSi^-L.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
,01-101 ItotrapeUtaa BitMiif
•97 Huttofi St V. VJUOOUVBB. B. 0.
T_Up_e_«: 8_7mo_r MM aal IM7
Drugless Healing
p you arc SICK, see US,
WE have done this for
WE can do it for you.
Downie Sanitarium
814 Standard Bank Bldf.
Sey. 608, High. 2184L
We represent tb* American Vnlnralty
of Sailpraettc, Seattle, Walk.
Ring np Phone Seymonr 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suit*   301   Dominion   Building
11(10 OeorgU Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.
Sunday ichool immediately following
morning sorrlce. Wednesday testimonial
mooting, 8 p.m. Freo reading room,
901-008 Birks Bldg.
B. r. Harriion S. A. Fny
Phono Fairmont SS
TJAVE you ever had a real drink
*1 or Pure Apple Older during tbe
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we bave Introduced recently a pure dear
sparkling apple elder In pint bottles,
either pure sweet or government regulation 2% bird apple elder. These drlnki
are absolutely pare and free from aU
carbonic aold gas or preservative! of
any nature. Write or phone yonr order
today, Highland BO.
Older Manufacturer!
1955 Commercial Drift. Vancouver, B. O.
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms'
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
"The living voice affects men
more than what they read,"—
Pliny, the Younger.
YOUR voice conducts your busineu,
Directions that you give penon*
ally are quickly and accurately executed, because your associates cannot
fail' to undentand. Each Inflection
has a meaning for them.
Remember the telephone when yon
would confer with those interested
with you in business. Do not trust
the cold written word—send your
voice, younelf by long distance telephone.
Tm «-•_*. Worii, BrMglat tb. Golf Beam*
tt. "_____rr »j,t." ^^^^^^^
W. »r>0_l«/r UOOnilND ,n u .tut nst en twul AT OIOI,
U in il ni City P—*-*—'
t BMt rmlu.U Awl a mat ea* am In
HAStXKM tat nTKOin aee. I. Suiua, Kiuiv
O-rdm eat AM_N Mua tat IMk An. __■__ ui. BeeUatt)
mm too will nanra momk am aauataova armtkmi
Union Bank of Canada
PA—-H yoi _r> _Tio, a, a «-___i_ltj ut »-.*-_«d wtth B__li_, ImUUIm, •_•
dnH H bj mall, ul »• wlH _• (Ud to testa ■*•■ I. neyeet Us "Buklit ty lull." RIDAY September   2S, 1923
Lower Prices
For every branch of
1 Usual
— Dental
2 Charges
On All   Dentistry
Expression Plates
Extractions and
Pyorrhoea Treatments
Dental X-Ray Films
nnd Diagnosis
Hygienic Crowns
nnd Bridgework
My constant study of all
approved methods of
ennuros safe and pleasant
treatment even to tbo
most   sensitive   patient
iy/[Y dental prices are now such that every-
"* one can afford to get adequate treatment. Remember that to neglect your
teeth now will mean more trouble and
higher coat in the future.
Seventeen years' practice in Vancouver
qualify me to serve you well. •
Call at my office—get my estimate. You
will be convinced that my charges are unusually low for such dependable work.
15-Year Written Guarantee Given
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Hastings St. W. (Cor. Seymour)
Phone Soy. :i33l
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Formerly Member of the Faculty of the College
of Dentistry, University of Southorn California;
lecturer ou Orown and Bridgework; demonstrator in Platowork and Operative Dentistry,
Local   and   General   Anaesthesia.
Vancouver Unions
■ Couneil —Preildent,  B.  H.  Neelanda,   M.
U.; general aeeretary, Percy B. Bongough.
ffice: 808, 319 Ponder St. Weat. Phone Sey.
•95. Meeta In Labor Hall at 8 p.m, on
f e flrat and third Tneidaya In month,
I Meeti leeond Monday in the month. Pre*
Ident, J. B. White; iecretary, B, H. Neel-
|da. P. 0. Box 66.
Idova Street Weat—Bualneaa meetinga
lory Wednesday evening, A. Maclnnis,
[airman; E, H. Morrison, aec-treai.; Geo.
k Harriion, 1182 Parker Street, Vancouver,
T 0., corresponding aeoretary.
jAny district In British Colombia desiring
■formation re seourlng speakers or the for*
■.Hon of looal branches, kindly communicate
■th Provincial Seeretary J, Lyle Telford,
■4 Birks Bldg., Vancouver, B. C. Telf-
pone Seymour 1392, or falnnont _____•
sond Thuraday every month, 319 Pender
it*West. President, J. Bright-well;
clal seoretary, H. A. Bowron, 829—llth
|AL Union of Amorica—Looal 120, Van-
fiver, B. C, meets second and fourth Toes-
rs In eaoh month In Boom 813—819 Pen*
¥ Street Weat.   President, 0. E. Herrett,
I Hastings Street East; secretary, A. R,
ai, 820 Gamble Street. Shop phone, Sey.
""     Residence phone, Doug. 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
of America, Loeal 194—Meetings flrst
■4 third Mondaya in each month. Preii-
tat, P. Willis; aecreury, A. Fraaer. Office:
kora 803—819 Pender Street West. Offlce
Mrs, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 5 p.m.
bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
i., or marble setters, phone Bricklayers
lion, Labor Temple. 
rERS and Joiners, Local 462—President,
W. Hatley; recording aeeretary, W. Page;
'msb agent, Wm. Dunn. Office: Boom
.—319 Pender Street West.   Meets second
IU fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Boom 5, 810
nder Street West.	
id third Fridaya In eaeh month, at 148 Cor-
Ira Street Weat. Presidont, David Cuthlll,
A>- Albert Street; secrotary*treasurer, Geo.
■rrlson, 1182 Parker Btreet.	
■Steam and Operating, Looal 844—Meeta
■ery Thursday at 8 p.m., Boom 807 Labor
■mple. Presldsnt, J. Flynn; businoss agent
^.d financial aeeretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
yetary, D. Hodges.
■rreeldelt, Nell MacDonald, Mo. 1 Fireball;
fcroUry, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Firehall.
■ovory flrst and third Monday In room 312—■
\» Ponder Street West. President, J. B.
iw thorne; flnanolal aeoretary, A. Padgham,
■yee Road Post Offlee, Vaneonver, B. 0.;
fording aeerstary, G. Tether, 2249—45th
■ Eaat, Vanoonvor, B. 0.
■p. EMf,  tinwmw, ______    	
union, Looal 28—441 Seymour Street.
ku flrst and third Wednesdays at 2:80
I, Seeond and fourth Wednesdays at
■o p.m. Executive board meets every
A_4ay at 8 pjn. President, W. A. Colmar*
(tness agent, A. Graham.   Phono Seymonr
JT CANADA—An Induatrlal unton of all
Ikers In logging and eonstnotlon oamps.
Hat Dlstriot and General Headquartera, 61
Jdova Street West, Vancouver, B. 0.
■no Seymour 7856. J. M. Olarke. general
Tetary-treasurer;   legal   advisors,   Messrs.
U,  Macdonald ft Co., Vanconver, B, 0.;
Ktors,  Messrs. Buttar <k  Chiene,  Vancou-
____.NIBTS LOOAL 182—President, Lee
eorga; secretary, J. G. Keefe; business
kt, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 309, 819
der Streot West. Meets In Boom 813—
Pender Streot West, on first and third
fsdaya lh month,
m-rHNISTS LOGAL 892—Preaident, Ed.
Vawion; eecretary, B. Hirst; business
Ait, P. R. Bengough. Offlce: 809—319
■der Street Weat. Meeti in Room 8—
^Pendor Btreet West, on second and 4th
l-kdays In month.
NION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
le Hall, Homer Street, second Sunday,
9 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
on Street; seeretary, Edward Jamieson,
Nelson Street; flnanelal seoretary, W, E.
lams, 991 NeUon Street; organiser, F.
.her, 991 Nelson Street.
IRS and Paperhangers of America, Looal
Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thnn*
at 148 Oosdova Street West. Phone,
8510.    Badness Agent, H. D. Collard.
look Builders, Loeal No, 2404—Meets at
■Hastings Street West every Friday, at 8
Jas. Thompson, flnanclal secretary
Irdova St West, P. 0. Box 871,  Phono
18703.   Meeting! overy Monday at 7:30
J. Pearson, buainess ageut.
.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and 3rd
(iy ot eaeh month at headquarters, 818
ova Stroet West. President, D. GUles-
vlee-presldent, John Johnson; secretary
urer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Oor
Street West. Branoh agent's addross:
Worrall,  576 Johnson Stroet, Victoria,
"In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Confiscating the Land
A recent despatch from Mexico
City aays: All persons over 18 years
of age, possessing no real estate, have
been authorized by decree of the Mexican President to seize any unap
proprtatetd national land. Each per
son may acquire 25 hectares (2.5
acres each) of Irrigated land, 100
hectares of flrst class land and 500
hectares of pasture land at any time
by merely planting stakes on the pro
perty and advising the minister of
agriculture of the appropriation.
A Union Is What You Make It
Some men Imagine that a union
comes out of the sky, and that it
made to order. This is a fallacy
which only active participation In
union affairs can destroy. Why not
be an active member, instead of a
Orpheum Features Big Fight Film
In addition to the splendid triple-
headline vaudeville bill playing at the
Orpheum for the balance of the present week, announcement Is made that
official pictures of the Dempsey-Flrpo
fight in New York will be shown at
popular price general admission, next
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.
These pictures are barred from all
states except New York, where the
fight occurred, and thetr, showing in
Vancouver is the flrst ln Canada.
This week's vaudeville bill stars in
equal proportion "Nonette," a winsome singing vlollnlBte and top-noteh-
er In her particular line; Billy Arlington and Co. in a farce, "Mistakes Will
Happen," and Al. Herman, reputed to
be the funniest blackface comedian on
the variety stage today. Other acts
include Thos. B. Shea, ln great moments from famous dramas, Willie
Schenk & Co., with a brand new
European surprise, Russell Carr and
'Orace in a ventrlloqull act, and Harry
Moore, paper manipulator, who does
woird and uncanny things with twists
of ordinary paper.
Next week's vaudeville bill features
Paul Whlteman's S. S. Leviathan band,
and many special decorative and
special effects will be used in connection. The balance of the bill ls also
vory attractive
loyoee, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Moots
P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 pm. Pre*
nt, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Olarke Drive;
rdlng iecretary, F. B. Griffin, 447—6th
; East; treasurer, A F, Andrew; flnan*
aeeretary and business agent, W. H. Got*
,i 186—17th Ave. W. Offloo, oorner Prior
Main Btreeti.    Phoae Fairmont 4504T
tnerlee, Local No. 178—Mootings hold
I Monday In eaoh month, 8 p.m. Presl-
A. R. Qatenby; vlee-presldent, Mrs,
; reeordlng aeerstary, 0. MeDoiald, P,
-« 508; flnanelal aeeretary, P. MoNolsh,
j. Box 508,
■ot Roaila—Vaneonvsr braneh moota flrst
■ third Sundays oaoh month, 2 p.m., at 61
■ova Street West. For Information write
■ranch iecretary, 8. T. A, S, R„ 81 Cor-
i Street Weat, Vanconver, B. 0
JbGBtPHIOAL UNION, No. 226—Presl*
Int, R. P. Pettlpleoe; vlee-prisldt-nt. J.
Bryan; iecretary*treasurer, R. H. Nee*
li, P, 0. Box 80. Hosts last Snnday of
_ month at 3 p.m. In Labor Hall, 819
|ler Street Wost.
■TTON—Meots at 091 Net-ton Itreet, at 11
\ on the Tuesday prseedlng tho 1st Son-
1 of the month.    President, E, A. Jamlt*-
, 991 Nolson St.;  Secretary, 0. H. Wll-
|M0N., TUBS, and WED., OCT. l-2-3-|
First 8howl_f ltt GnumU
SSo — ONE PRICE — 55c
Stsrtlnl WED. KIOHT, 001. 3
Another Wondtiful VM-SflU- BUI
Popular Prices for AU Attractions
Matinee* Evory Day       Phono Boy, 852
•Isms.  991  Nelson  St ;  Business Agent,   F.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson St.
Pender Street Wost. Buslnrsi meetings
overy lit and Srd Wednesday every tnonth.
M. CsrpindaJe, corresponding secretary; G.
Tether, flnanelal secretary j J. Halliday,
branch organlssr.
UNION, No, 418—President, 8. D. Mac-
denald, sesretary* treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. Moeta last Thursday of eaoh
Cause   of   Demooraoy   Landed
Severe Blow—Facts
and Figures
The "cause of democracy" Is landed
a severe blow whenever facts and figures on education are arrayed. This
below from the Minneapolis Daily Star
is worth noting:
"A recent government report on education brings out the fact that in our
primary democratic duty of providing
an educated citizenry we fail woefully.
Government figures on the survival
percentage show that only 86 per cent,
of the beginning pupils reach the flfth
grade; almost 73 per cent., the sixth
grade; almost 64 per cent., the seventh
grade, and about 58 per cent, the
eighth grade. Only 32 per cent, reach
the first year of high school; 23 per
cent, the second; above 17 per cent,
the third, and a little over 14 per
cent, tha fourth year of high school.
After his flfth birthday, the average
American child spends only one-nineteenth of his life in scholastic preparation or life. How does it happen that
America, the safety of whose institutions depends upon popular education,
after so many years of a free public
school system, makes such a poor
showing as this? One cause of our
failure lies undoubtedly in the fact
that we are so mired In the destructive processes that we have very scant
resources left for really creative work.
Of federal appropriations for the coming year, 85.8 per cent, go to pay for
the wars of the past or to prepare for
future wars. Two per cent, is divided
to research, educational and develop
ment work."
B C.  Barbers to Be Given Full
Recognition as Skilled
Barberlng in British Columbia is to
be raised to the status of a skilled
profession, and put on a par with
other professions of medicine and law.
This Is embodied tn the first prepared
bill to arrive at the legislative buildings fpr the next session of the legislature which will open October 29th.
The bill ts fathered by David Whiteside, M. L. A. for New Westminster,
It proposes to give full and proper recognition to the group of men in this
province who are Bkilled In tonsorlal
arts, and to constitute them a fully-
authorized profession. The bill calls
for a board of examiners under the
government to investigate the claims
of all aspirants to tonsorlal honors,
put them through an examination and
see that they have been granted the
necessary graduating degrees from approved colleges of barberlng.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatloniat, and
no responsibility for the views expressed Is accepted by the management.]
Russian Unemployed
Editor B. C. Federationist: Will you
print the following explanation about
unemployment at Petrograd, which is
authentic: The increase in the number
of unemployed at Petrograd is due almost entirely to the fact that a large
number of workerB who left Petrograd when Industry and trade were
stagnant, and particularly during th'e
famine, are now returning to the city,
attracted by the rapid development of
her Industries. The number of workers employed in these industries Increases from month to month, but as
yet they have been unable to absorb
the great influx of old and new workers from the villages. The increase
in the number of unemployed is therefore rather a tribute to the growing
prosperity of Petrograd than a sign
of depression. L. RAYMUR.
Victoria, B. C, Sept. 24, 1923.
Union   Labor  Docs  Not  Hurt   Nonunion Men
Editor B. C. FederationiBt: "Today
the unionized workers are receiving
monopoly wages at the expense of the
non-unionized workers," writes a contributor to the "Letters to The Federatlonist." He continues: "Should all
workers organize and their wages and
salaries be increased, then the monopoly wages of the present unionized
workers would cease and one trade
would not enjoy high wages at the expense of their fellow workers as at
present." I believe that this contributor has arrived at his conclusions
by basing his argument upon an entirely erroneous premise. Unionized
workers are not receiving "monopoly"
wages at the expense of the non-
unionized workers. In fact, the reverse Is the case. If it were not for
the unionized workers creating a
higher standard of wages and living
conditions the non-unionized workers
would be working for much less, and
under worse conditions than they do.
It is the non-unionized workers who
have held back justice for all workers.
Should all workers organize, there
would not have to be any reduction In
the wages of the present organized
workers In order for there to be
enough money to pay for increasing
the wuges of the newly-organized.
The real result would be the gaining
of a fuller share of the products of
labor for all workers. The only reductions that might result would be
in dividends. There would not necessarily have to be reductions In profits
ajl along the line, because with increased buying power of the workers,
business In general would flourish.
Vancouvor, Sept. 26, 1928.
Protection Law Against Gct-Kich-
Quick Oil Frauds
The Queensland labor government ls
introducing legislation to prevent
swindling oil companies. No ■ license to bore for otl will be granted
until the area has been proved oil-
bearing by the government geologist.
Public applications for stock in companies cannot be sought unless the
people are assured by the government
certificate that there Is oil in the area
for whlhc development funds are
asked. In addition to this, a limited
time will be allowed companies to assemble plant and get to work. No
company will be allowed to get an option on the property and "sleep on the
job," It must show that it means
business, otherwise the government
will revoke the boring licenses, The
main purpose of the government's
measure is to protect the public
against "get-rich-quick" companies.
Example for Canada
France ls offering reduced railway
rates as an Incentive to the raising
of large families. Canada might
learn something from this. Canada
has high railway rates that do not
seem to produce anything except
large railway deficits. Lower railway
rates might not produce larger Cana<
dian families, but they would have a
tendency to produce larger wheat
crops and Increase business in lines
that are strangled by high freight
rates. Canadian railway rates, as
they stand at prosent, are primarily
expected to produce C. P. R. dividends. What they do for the rest of
the community does not seem to matter.—Nanaimo Free Press.
Wealth Easily Produced
"Toduy there Is nothing so easily
produced as wealth. The whole earth
consists of raw materials; and In
every breath of nature, In sunshine
and in shower, hidden everywhere,
are the subtle forces that may by the
touch of the hand of labor be set
into operation to transmute these
raw materials into weolth; they fin<
Ish the product ln all Its multiplied
forms and in opulent abundance for
all. The merest child can press a
button that will set In operation a
forest of machinery and produce
wealth enough for a community."
Lloyd George on War,
You have the same elements in existence in Europe to-day as precipitated the great war—national jealousies, suspicions, hatreds, rivalries, cupidities, revenge." said Lloyd Qeorge
In a recent speech at Oxford. They
are seething through Europe. Wars
are never a lesson when the temper
of that passionate creature called man
Is onco roused. And the next war will
not be like the last. Science Is de*
vising new means of destruction.
Whon the war ended we were manufacturing bombs of 3000 pound weight.
The throne of peace Is. perched on
an ammunition dump. Pick a building
In Oxford. Fill it with corrosive and
explosive chemicals, turn the taps, let
the beams and flooring be drenched.
Then go to the insurance company
and say "I want to insure that building" (Laughter.) That will give you
an idea of what ls happening in
Municipal Banks a Success
In view of the agitation for a provincial bank In British Columbia, and
the statement of Premier Oliver that
he is considering such a proposal, the
following clipping from an old country
paper Is Interesting:
The Birmingham municipal bank
continues to be successful, and ls now
one of the six largest savings banks in
the country. The deposits have risen
from £746,984 to £2,883,942 last year.
The surplus on the twelve months'
operations was £9692, which Is placed to reserve. The average amount
per depositor is £28. The Klrkklntll-
loch municipal bank has also maintained its progress, and now has over
£17,000 in deposits, which is loaned
to the town council for municipal
purposes at less than 3 per cent. In
other circumstances the council would
have to pay much more In Interest.
Poplar ls considering the establishment of a bank on the lines of Irvine
and Kirkintilloch, and Kilmarnock Is
also tu consider a like project.
Pulpwood Slaughtered
United States pulp and paper Interests are being assisted tn keeping up
their profits und saving their own timber supplies at tHe cost of the Canadian voter and taxpayer. Canada's
forests are either burning, being destroyed by insect pests or slaughtered
by United States Interests, while the
government now in power endeavors
to quiet the people with a Royal Pulp-
wood commission to go out and discover facts long since established.
United States Interests, In order to
avoid having to come to Canada to
establish mills, employ Canadian labor
and increase Canada's revenue, have
met tn New York und raised a huge
fund for propaganda In this country
to prevent giving effect to the embargo
authorised by the government of
Canada. The foundations are being
laid today for Canadian newspapers in
the future being left at the mercy of
United States newsprint manufacturers for their dally needs. , They will
have to buy from the States in a very
few years, Every available man Is being hired to cut down tho maximum
amount of pulpwood, und get it out of
the country, whilo tho Pulpwood commission's deliberations and meditations
hold open the artery through which
Canada's life blood Is pouring into the
United States.—Com.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
Money Totals Representing Oost
of Unemployment in This
Crisis Are Colossal
[Labor Press Service]
London, Sept. 14.—The mere money
totals representing, the cost of unemployment In this crisis are colossal.
The government claims to have spent
£400,000,000, Under the unemployment Insurance acts, £49,000,000 were
raised last year—the workers themselves contributed £17,000,000 of It—
which were supplemented by borrowings to pay the "doles." But the direct cost to the workers, employed and
unemployed, literally cannot be computed. It Ib not only that the unions
have seen their accumulated funds
vanishing; their Incomes have fallen
with the decline ln membership and
the drop in wages. As a signal Illustration of the way in which the unions
have suffered, take the position of the
great organization of unskilled workers, the National Federation of General Workers, whose membership
dropped from 1,293,793 In December,
1920, to 543,303 in December, 1922.'Or
consider the situation of the Amalgamated Engineering union, which reported at the end of July a membership of 293,758, marking a loss of
nearly 100,000 members, which has
still over 40,000 (or 16.04 per cent,)
of Its members unemployed. And this
union, as a member of Its executive
Mr. W. H. Hutchinson, has recently
pointed out, Bees Its life-blood being
drained away by the continued emigration of skilled engineers to
As Told in "Curbstone Chatter," by
George of the Detroit Labor
Jasper-*-I hear your son has gone
Casper—Yes, he went south with all
my money.
Jasper—You should have brought
him up properly.
Casper—I did. I had that boy trained so that if you sent him out with a
dime he'd bring home the biggest can
of beer you ever saw in your life.
Jasper—What, did you let him go In
Casper—No, the saloonkeeper let
him In.
Jasper—What made him steal your
CaBper—I forgot to lock lt up.
Jasper—Do you suppose he'll come
Casper—Sure. He'll come home to
eat. You know since it went dry,
there's no more free lunch.
Jasper—Didn't he ever work?
Casper—Yes. He worked me for
ten smackers.
Jasper—I mean hard work,
Casper—Yes. It was-hard to make
him work.
Jasper—You should put him In jail.
Casper—I did once and he stole six
bars off the door and I had to pay
for them.
Jasper—Didn't they Uke him at the
Casper—Oh yes. When he escaped,
the guard fired six shots at him and
never hit him.
Jasper—Why, that don't prove they
liked him.
Casper—Well, he said he didn't
think they'd miss him so much when
he left.
Jasper—Well, hb must be alive, because A. Conan Doyle Bays that lf any
near relative idles, his spirit will let
you know.
Casper—Who is this Doyle?
Jasper—He's the fellow that has the
theory about ghosts. You know what
a ghost Is, don't you?
Casper—Oh yes, I understand now.
One of them ate three of my shirts off
the line yesterday.
Jasper—What? A ghoBt ate throe
of your shirts?
Casper—Oh, I thought you said
Jasper—Maybe your son Is ln New
Orleans.    There's lots of work there.
Casper—Then  he can't be there.
Jasper—Don't blame him. They say
that the son takes after the father.
Casper—Yes. One day he took after
me with an axe.
Jasper—Well, so long. When I soo
you again, let me know lf he's come
Casper—You won't need to ask. If
this watch I'm woarlng is gone, you'll
know he's home.
Every reader of The Federatlonist
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due. and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not Uke
much effort to do this.   Try lt.
Women's Coats
and Dresses
Garments of the season's latest mode, fashioned of
fabrics that take their place in the front rank of the
season's most desired novelties, and well finished.
For style, appearance, nowhere else can you find
value to equal these.
Made of velour with fur-trimmed eiJllar and lined throughout,
showing the popular side fastening, in sizes      $QQ CA
to fit women and misses.
A collection that offers almost unlimited choice for selection.
Made of good quality velour with fur collar and cuffs, and
attractively embroidered, &QQ CA
Extra value <P«3«/.OU
at $25.00
A dress that will add greatly to the completeness of the winter
wardrobe. A wide variety of becoming styles to choose from,
fashioned on long straight lines, and showing pleated panels,
and embroidered. Colors of navy
and black.  Priee	
Many smart models to choose from. The material is of a very
fine quality trimmed with military braid or embroidery; colors
of brown, navy, putty, rust $QQ CA
and grey. y_ttJaO\3
Hudson's Bay Company
Many of my patients and friends have asked me why I givo so freely
of my time, and why I offer service In the clinic when I could much
more profitably engage ln remunerative practice?
Because I feel that the many who have had all medical attention they
could get, and could not afford to get chiropractic or drugless treatment—the treatment that would restore them to health and useful
life ln the community—should not be deprived of lt through temporary
lack of means.
I have had now scores of cases, where after a number of treatments
In the'clinic, the patients have been able to resume their useful and
profitable occupations. Men and women who despaired of ever again
being able to be of use to themselves or their families, are again enjoying the satisfaction of health and service.
If you are broken ln body, if your lack of health Is preventing you
from getting and enjoying your just share of the good things of life,
to you I bring the message of free, conscientious, painstaking service.
Clinic hours are from 9 to 10 every morning except Sunday; Monday
and Thursday evenings from 6 to 7.
Seymour 4371
Regular Offlce Hours:   10 to 12—2 to 6 p.m. and by appointment.
What "Horse Power" Means
Mechanical horse-power is the sup*
posed number of pounds a horse
could raise 1 ft. high from the ground
in one minute. This Is equivalent to
raising 550tbs, 1 ft, high In one second or 33,000Ibs. 1ft. high in one
minute, or to raising lth. 550 ft. high
In one second, or 1 Ib. 33,000 ft. high
In one minute. Before the days of the
steam engine, wheels were turned by
horses walking on tread mills, In
fact, some farmers use them to this
day for throshlng purposes.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mall it to a friend.
Must Be freshmen
"Think Six Students of College of
Banking and Finance Held Up 50
Stores," says news headline In a dally
They must be freshmen. Walt till
they graduate and enter tho banking
business.    Knowledge ls power!
Rflllnved la two mlnutei with
Jo-To rcllevpii gu puinn, acid ntotnach, heartburn, aftfer-flitiDg dlatreu ind ill fomii of
indigestion quickly, without hirra.
• All Drug Stom.
storry & Mcpherson
Upstairs at 653 OBANVILLE STREET
The oyster may not be worth a million, but it produces the pearl.
We produce BRITANNIA BEER—The BEER that
Order today from any Oovernment Vendor
This advertisement is not published or displayed by thc Liquor Control Board
or by the Government of British Columbia PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY September   88, It.
In grey, heather, fancy and black
Sta nfield's   Underwear,
$3.00 per suit.
Headlight Overalls.
Raintest Clothing
Pants   $5.00
Coat Shirts $6.00
Tin Pants $5.00
Oil Clothing, blaek, $6.00
suit; oilskin, $8.00 suit.
Carss all-wool Pants, best
made, $6.50.
Whipcord Pants, in grey,
Corduroy Pants, $6.00
Work Shirts, strong blue
denim, $1.75.
Fine  Shoes—Dr.  Reid's,
Dr. Anti-Septic
Dr. Special.
Logging Boots—
6-inch top, at $ 7.00
8-in. top, at $11.50
9-in. top, at $12.60
Khaki   Overalls,   double
knee and scat, $2,75.
Men's   Suits   and  Overcoats.
Wave  of Prosperity Breaking-
Period of Hard Times in
United States Begins
Australian Unemployed
"Why endeavor to bring thousands
of unemployed Into Australia when
Australia has thousands of unemployed and thousands of bona flde
agriculturists, who have heen born
and bred on the land, and are waiting for an opportunity to secure
blocks? Why should men be brought
to Australia who have no knowledge
of the land and given preference over
the Australian born? Let us flrst
find land for our own people, and
give them the opportunity they have
been looking for so long. A large
number of them are the sons of farmers. When they have been provided
for we can consider the question of
bringing in others.—Senator Hoare
As long as France continues her
present policy in the Ruhr there can
be no revival of trade In this country.
—Aid. Ben Turner, M. P.
Pass The Federatlonist along and
help get new subscribers.
]anadian National Railways
The Continental Limited
9.50 P. M.-FROM VANCOUVER-9.50 P. M.
Boat Schedule
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For Information and Reservations. Apply
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee sat
isfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
Phones:   Sey, 7421 and Sey. 4490
Organization Workers Only Hope
to Offset "Law of Supply
and Demand"
[By Harrison George]
THE wave of "prosperity" Is breaking. A period of "hard times,"
harder times than those just preceding
the prosperity wave, are coming down
the winds of forced financial deflation.
With the icy air of winter it is coming, imperceptibly, searching entrance
to the homes of the poor, and with the
winter to lay the freezing hand of starvation on the pallid brows of children,
to clutch the anxious hearts of mothers and, in the throats of jobless fathers, to strangle words of a false hope
for better days to come.
Puts No Milk in Baby's Bottle
Since the middle of July the volume
or bank credits has declined, at the
Bame time a marked decline is noted
in the production averages of the basic
industries. Two ^workers out of every
hundred were laid off during July,
while those employed were put on
part time enough to reduce the average weekly wage during July three per
cent, below the average for June.
While one may write articles and
books proving that this is governed by
economic laws, and continue endlessly discussing the historical aspect of
these laws, "which indicates that capitalism is dying through a series of recurring and more terrible crises," all
this puts no milk in the baby's bottle,
nor does it fill the bellies of hungry
Moro Organization
The only hope of the workers lies in
organization, more organization and
still more and better inclusive organization. Without the unions prepared
to make a common cause with the unemployed, they will be broken by the
coming renewal of the open-shop campaign. By unionism an organization
of labor monopoly Is possible to offset
the so-called "law of supply and demand," which unhindered would send
the price of labor to a starvation level,
Just as during prosperity unionism can
force the price of labor above its cost
of production. Because labor differs
from other commodities by producing
values greater than Its own value, labor monopoly by labor organization,
which Includes all possible competitors
for jobs, can thumb its nose at the
"law of supply and demand," and
keep its standard of living above starvation levels at the expense of the
capitalists who take a proflt from hiring labor power. Labor can—but will
Edmonton T. and L. Council Discuss Promoting Same by Large
Employers of Labor
[Special to The Federationist]
Bdmonton, Alta., Sept. 25.—The
TradeB and Labor council at its last regular meeting, resolved that all support be withheld from the Canadian
National Railway Athletic association.
The delegates deplored the efforts to
gain flrst place for sport and draw attention away from trades union activities by organizing athletic clubs for
football and baseball, and brass bands
and social clubs. Mention was made
of the coast-to-coast movement of the
C. N. R. and also the C. P. R. who
have athletic or social clubs at every
divisional point.
Is to Self-employing Workers on
Land What Trades Unionism
Is to Its Members
[By Canadian Co-operator]
What trades unionism Is to the industrial workers, collective marketing
Is to the self-employing workers on
iho land. The one collectively market
their capacity to do the work in which
they are skilled,, or to which they are
accustomed; the other collectively as<
semble the produce of their labor and
negotiate with buyers the price which
shall be paid for it. The legitimate
use of such marketing facilities Ib the
maintenance of a reasonable price by
systematically regulating supply ln
proportion to demand, the popularizing of the product and the effecting of
economies in transmission of the merchandise to the buyers.
Trades unionism has been of considerable advantage to farmers as well
as workingmen by increasing the purchasing power of the masses of hired
workers. Through tradeB unionism
the purchasing power of unorganized
workers has also been beneficially influenced, because, of necessity, it
must have had some relation to the
wages trades unionists, by collective
effort, have been able to command.
Tho more wealth created In industrial
pursuits Is distributed among the peo
pto employed therein, the greater' is
tho demand for the necessaries of life
in the production of which farmers
aro engaged. Much of the revenue of
the profiteers in industry, and which
ls out of all proportion to that en
joyed by the actual producers, is spent
in luxuries and services which are not
only unnecessary but frequently antisocial in character. A considerable
quantity of it is not spent at all, but
retained as capital for the further exploitation of industry.
The legitimate operation of collective marketing would, in its turn, be
of great advantage to industrial work
ers. By the consequent. Increase In
farm revenues and, therefore, the pur
chasing power of many thousands of
families located on the land, the demand for merchandise in the production of which working men are en-
gaffed would be stimulated. This
would also do much to arm working-
men with tho power to demand reu
sonable wage scales. Periods of un
employment and low wages coincide.
Attempt of Employers in British
Building Trades to Increase
Hours Repulsed
First Adjustment   of   Working
Hours Will Not Take Plaoe
Until December Next
!HE attempt of the emplpyerB in the
building trades of Great Britain to
extend working hours from 44 to 47
hours per week has failed. The award
of the arbitrator, Sir Hugh Fraser,
has just been issued, laying down the
standard of 44 hours throughout the
year, except during the period of sum
mer time—approximately 21 weeks—
when the working hours may be extended to 46% by adding half-an-hour
to each of the flrst five working days
of the week. Nothing in the award is
intended to prevent employers and
operatives in any town or area from
maintaining by mutual consent the 44
hour week all through the year. It Is
also provided that in December and
January, on' works where artificial
light can reasonably be supplied, the
usual dinner hour shall be observed,
but where artificial light cannot be ob-
talned in these two months, the dinner
hour may be shortened by half, to al
low work to be terminated at 4.30 in
the afternoon.
London   Publisher   Thinks   the
War Is Responsible for
Increased Interest
Minister  Urges  Co-operation—Cardinal Tenets of Eaeh Similar,
He Says
A recent despatch from New Haven,
Conn.,    says:    Labor     unions    and
churches are not working together for
the betterment of mankind, the Rev.
Clarence V. Howell of New York city
declared as he talked to the Ministers'
institute and the Unitarian Laymen's
league In discussing "The Church and
the Labor Movement."
The very principles which the Carpenter of Nazareth espoused 2000
years ago are those which the Carpentera and Joiners' union espouses
today," said Mr. Howell. "The labor
unions and the churches are not working together. The average radical
won't go inside a church or synagogue;
the average orthodox churchman haB
never been inside a radical headquarters. Yet the cardinal tenets of each
are the same—the recognition of the
universal human brotherhood."
Appealing for co-operation, Mr.
Howell said the church would be extinct in cities unless recruited from
the laboring people. People ln
churches, Protestant at least, are professional and business people today,
he said, and these types become extinct In a few generations. The radical
has an Ideal of a new society, and a
vision of a new world. He Is intensely
religious by nature, although many
materialist radicals are non-churchgoers.
Mr. Howell said that the battle raging around the Rev. Percy Stickney
Grant and Professor Harry Emerson
Fosdick, and around many seminaries
was a flght for the liberalism which
the Unitarian church haa stood for for
a century.
Before the Ministers' institute, Dr.
Richard C. Cabot of the Harvard Medical school said doctors of divinity
should not allow doctors of medicine
to monopolize ministration to spiritual
wants, as, he declared, physicians now
were doing. •
"la there any good reaaon why the
medical profession 'should assume
charge of people's souls as well as their
bodies?!' he asked. "I see no reason
why the ministry should allow the medical profession to guide the spiritual
life of the community. It is not pos^
sible, however, for a minister to at'
tend properly to his parochial duties
without a more thorough study of
human personality than is given at
the present time at any theological
Dr. Cabot said he believed clergymen should invade the field now occupied by doctors. Their stock in
trade ahould embrace both physical
and spiritual disturbances, adding that
"miraculous healing has occurred and
may occur at any time when great de
sire to heul meeta great faith In the
possibility of healing."
Hume   Gordon Also Notes
Demands for Works on
Religious Subjects
INCREASED interest In serious liter-
ature has been noticed by Sir Hume
Gordon, who has just taken over full
control of the old publishing house of
Williams & Norgate, London.
"It seems to be one of the effects of
the war," he saya, "The younger generation, Bay those who were about 14
or 15 when the war broke, out, may be
fond of dancing and having good
times, but they have also their serious
thoughts, and they are Bhowing that
by turning largely to books on such
matters as history, modern theology,
medicine and International politics.
The demand for them is heavier than
it has been for a generation.
Younger Men Not Satisfied
"Take theology: The younger men
are not satisfied with the old theories;
they are thinking for themselves, and
we have a large sale not only for Buch
publications aB the Hibbort Journal,
but for a number of works on the
foundations of religion. A new school
Ib arising which is trying to bring into
line the old teaching with every development of modern science and its
publications are read eagerly.
"Then, too, in economics the world
Is in a ferment and knows not what
to believe. Socialistic ideas are
abroad, and yet there is no comprehensive system of economics founded
on the socialistic theory. If I knew of
one I should be delighted to publish It,
whatever my own views may be.
Demnnd for Foreign Books
"But more interesting still is the
great increuse in the demand for foreign books. Before the war there was
a large sale for German theology.
That stopped entirely while the fighting was going on; but a year or two
ago it began to revive. Now it is quite
"Moreover, there is a practically
new demand springing up among our
big manufacturers for the latest foreign technical works upon the commodities they are producing. British
manufacturing Ib losing its Insularity.
Not only large corporations, but many
trade associations have established
their research departments, and have
set up libraries which require the very
latest foreign technical journals, proceedings and abstracts. In this we
have very sharp competition from
America, as some of the big publishing houses there are keenly alive to
the importance of this branch of busl
"Ah, I sou it clearly before my
eyes, the city of Justice and halfpl-
ness. ... No more idlers of any
kind, and hence no more landlords
supported by rent, no more men of
fortune kept like mistresses by fortune—in short, no more lunacy and
no more misery."—Zola,
Refreshing to Oet an Account of
Successful Operations—Success
and Proper Management
The Farmers Guide, official organ of
the United Farmers of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Quebec, published at Gardenvale, Que., in its last
issue, publishes a summary of the sta
tistics of some of the societies affiliated
with the Co-operative union of Can
ada. The following article deserves
the serious and thoughtful consider*
atlon of the hundreds of co-operative
societies throughout Canada which
persistently operate ln isolation and
usually end in failure: "The report of
General Secretary Peen of the Co-operative union of Canada makes Interesting reading. So often the reports
that one gets of retail co-operative efforts ln Canada are reports of losses.
It Is, therefore, refreshing to get an
account of successful operations. The
losaes are frequently due to the independent and headstrong attitude of
so-called co-operative societies to go It
alone, spurning advice and scorning
advisers. Poor management or man
agement by amateurs Inspires disloyalty and disloyalty encourages poor
management. The result ia failure,
The Co-operntlve union knows most
of the pitfalls which are likoly to
await a new co-operative organization.
They can and Will help those who
avail themselves of the advice of the
goneral secrotary. Anyone can make
a failure. Consequently co-operative
retailing should not be condemned on
the ground that certain societies have
failed. The fact that one member of
the co-operative union of Canada distributed patronage dividends equal to
ton per cent, of the goods purchased,
and that all reporting societies had a
net profit surplus of 58.6 per cent, on
tho Bhare capital indicates that co-operative distribution can succeed where
proper management and loyalty prevail."
Bruce Overcoats
Warm, fleecy checkbacks, in roomy styles
Unexcelled for value.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
Grim Tragedy of Fourth Workless Winter—Gravest Crisis in
Economic History
Trade Union Funds Have Been
Depleted—Household Debts
Are Mounting Up
[Labor Press News]
T ONDON, Sept. 14.—The grim tragedy of a fourth workless winter
ls even yet not fully understood by
the country at large, though It is now
more generally realized that we are
approaching the gravest crisis of our
economic history.
The tragic fact that has yet to be
faced iB that the cumulative effects of
three successive years of unexampled
trade depression leave the workers
practically without resources to bear
the burden of continued widespread
It is not merely the spectacle of a
great army of unemployed, who with
their dependents total several millions, that haunts the Imagination of
trade unionists; it Is the spectre of
working-class impoverishment, the
knowledge that month by month during the period of depression wages
have been falling, trade union funds
have been depleted, individual savings have been drawn upon, and
household debts have been mounting
up. Even if the total of unemployed
workpeople should be somewhat lower than in 1920-21-22, and few peoplo
are optimistic enough to believe that
with the courageous expenditure on
great schemes of public work the total can be reduced, the coming winter
will be worse than any that has pro-
ceded It because tho workers are not
ir. a. position to meet it,
Coal minerB in New South Wales
have demanded that a board of three
doctors be appointed, and paid by the
government—one to be elected by the
workers, one by the employers, and
a third by the government—to assess
adequate compensation to miners
injured at work or Buffering from occupational diseases.
Hand your neighbor thia oopy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Mr. A.   S. Wells In no longer connected with The B. C. Federationist.
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Traits Which Make for Success
The new office boy at the Amalgamated Pretzel company waa caught
telling a lie,
"Do you know what happens to
boys who tella lies?" nsked Mr. Mll-
llonbucka, peering sternly over hla
"Yes," responded the young prevaricator nonchalantly, "as soon ob
they're old enough, the company
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers, sends them out as salesmen.
Best $2.50
Glasses not prescribed unlets absolutely Decenary. Examinations
made by graduate Eyesight Spocial*
lata. Satisfaction guaranteed.
We grind our own leniea. Leuiei
duplicated hy mail
Brown Optical
Be   sum   of   the   addreu—Above
Woolworth'a Store, neat
Suite SS, DiTii OhsmWn,
Phona Sty. 1171
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN to all workmon who were employed at less than
57 & cents per hour on the Main Street Paine
Creek Improvement work by the Canadian
Kational Hallways and (he Pacific Construction Company from the time of tho reduction
of warck on July flrst to timo of completion
of work in December, 1922. that they will hi-
granted an additional allowance as per arrangement with the Canadian Nntionnl Kail*
ways for each day actually employed at the
reduced rate.
rli-hris for such wages must be filed with the
undersigned on or boforo October 15, 19-.3,
In order to participate in such distribution.
City Solicitor.
Vancouvor, B. C.
No one is beat till he quits,
No one is through till he stops;
No matter how hard failure hits,
No matter how often he drops,
A fellow's not down till he lies
In the dust and refuses to rise.
Fate may slam   him  and   bang hiij
And batter his frame till he's sort.
But  she  never   can   say   that  he J
When he bobs up serenely for more)
A fellow's not dead till he dies,
Nor beat till he no longer tries.
Life is queer with its twists and tumgj
As evory one of us sometime learns]
And many a failure turns about
When   he   might have won had ht
stuck it out;
Don't give up, though the pace seem]
You may succeed with another blow]
Often the goal js nearer than
It seems to a faint and faltering man,
Often the struggler has given up
When  he  might have -captured th
victor's cup; ■
And   he   learned too lute, when th'
night slipped down.
How close he was to the golden crown
Success Is failure turned inside out-
The silver tint of the clouds of doubt
And you can never tell how close yoi
It may be near when lt seems afar; J
So   stick   to the   flght when you'rj
hardest hit—
It's when things seem worst that yofl
mustn't quit.
—Quarry Workers JounmlJ
Every reader of Tlie Federation!*
can render valuable assistance by re
newing their subscriptions as soon a
thoy are duo. and by inducing anotho
wwrki'r to subscribe. It does not tak
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Prices to Suit
the Times
Mon's Knee Gum Boots; special
nt  $4.50
Men's    6-eyelet    Lace    Rubber
Boots; special at $3.05
Men's Railroad Shirt, detached
Collar, union made....: $2.25
Men's Extra Strong Khaki Shirt,
union made  $2.25 <|
Men's   Khaki   Pants,    union-
made  $1.95 ,
Men's dark blue Railroad Shirt,
lay down collar, union made. _
at $1.95 !m
Muleskin Gloves, Saturday   35c I
Wo have a complete stock of j
Arthur Frith & Co.
Hen's and Boyi' Purniih-1
ings, Hats, Boots and Shoes'
(B.tWHO 7th and 8th At.dq.1)
Pbone Knlrmont 4858
Relieved In two minutes wltb
Qas. aold, sour, burning stomach all qui
relk'vej with JO-TO.    Drug Htom.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Halting. Street Eaat        2—STORES—2        (SS Oranvllle Street
Sey. »88-67_ "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. __18-18«1
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamer, at your service.
Calling at all Northern B. O. Coavt Points, Lumber and Mining Oamps, j
Canneries and Pulp and Paper Mills,
For furthor particulars apply:
Phone Sey. »(!_
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,'
McClary's, Pawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399


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