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British Columbia Federationist Aug 4, 1922

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades land Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
B^ack of Interest in West Is Scort\ V Delegate oh
I Tuesday Night-Need for Progrt^e Element
Is  Emphasized —Council Wk^Seek  to
Secure 1923 Oonvention for Vai\ wer
The question of fending a delo-fNominations for « 'elegate were
then made ant^i ice-President
Bartlett and Deleg* *L obs of the
Brotherhood of R. -fway Carmen
were nominated. On the ballot
being counted lt was found that,!
Vice-President Bartlet was elected
by a vote of 19 to 13.
Delegate Pettipiece then moved
that the delegatea be instructed to
see that Congress send a representative to the west for the purpose
of organizing, and particularly the
organization of the civic employees,
and that an official request be
made for the next convention to be
held in Vancouver.
To Draft Resolutions
Delegate Bartlett moved that the
executive hold a meeting at an
early date for the purpose of formulating resolutions to be presented to Congress, He suggested that
old age pensions and unemployed
Insurance were long overdue, and
cited cases of railroad workers being laid off after thirty and thirty-
five years' service because of their
activities In the organizations, and
that the 'government should deal
with these questions.
Delegate Pettipiece called attention to the unemployed situation,
pointing out that the government
had decided that nothing would be
done next winter for the Jobless
and that the city was broke. He
stated that he was through with
resolutions and wanted action, and
that he would like to see the question of unemployment fought out
on the floor ef the Trades Con'
|:ate to the annual convention of
be Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada was the Item which  provided the most matter for debate
the regular meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council on Tuesday night.
Delegate Pettlplece  started  the
liscusslon, after the call had been
eferred to the council, by stating
hat for some time there had been
Usunity In the   labor   movement, I
tnd suggested that it would be a
rood idea to sand a delegate to the
convention,   to   help   ceemnt   the
forces of labor.
Pointing out that there had been
local move to-bring the workers
together, he suggested, that   this
should be followed up throughout
■Canada.    Referring to the split In
Tthe   labor' movement   somo   few
Wears ago, he stated that the conservative elment had been left in
■control of the    movement,    which
] tickled them to death, and that he
(would like to see some progressives
reo to the convention    from    tho
[west to join hands with similar ele-
l ments from the east to reconstruct
[the congress, and to   make   It   a
'fighting force.    He also suggested
(that nothing had been done in the
[west by Congress, for  years,   and
! that one of the things which should
I be done was the organizing of tht
I civic employees.   .
Secretary Bengough, in support-
_'lng the idea of sending a delegate,
^stated that at the last convention
^the western delegates had supported Montreal as the convention city
for 1922, on the understanding that
Vancouver would be the convention
I city for 1923.   He also pointed out
that the executive  had  made  no
recommendation, but had left the
i matter to the meeting.    He   supported Delegate  Pettlpiece's   suggestions.
Delegates Elected
It was finally decided that credentials should be forwarded to
A. J. Crawford, late president of
the council, and who is now In the
east, and to elect another delegate.
m MUfflR
'Wisconsin State Federation of Labor Would
Fuse Unions
(By the Federated Press)
Oshkosh, Wis.—Advanced ground
was taken in resolutions adopted by
the Wisconsin State Federation of
Labor, meeting here ln thirtieth
annual convention. The temper ot
the delegates was much like that of
the Minnesota State body. The
next convention' will be held at
'Superior, Wis.
Amalgamation of all craft unions
iii .a single Industry into a single
'industrial organization was endorsed, as was recognition of Russia
and opening of trade relations. M.
H. Whltaker, of the barbers, Milwaukee, introduced both resolutions. Recognition of the Obregon
administration of Mexico by the
United States government was
Expected endorsement Of a Wisconsin Farmer-Labor Party did not
materialize. Instead, a committee
report proposing thnt the federation be represented at the December Progressive conference in Chicago of Independent progressive political and labor forces, waB adopted.
The executive board was instructed to push the workers' college
movement. The Milwaukee workers' college was described as highly successful In its first term's
Resolutions favoring light wines
and beer, compulsory health Insurance, old age pension agitation, soldier bonus and a resolution condemning the proposed sales tax,
were adopted. A labor legislative
conference to be held during the
next session of the legislature at
Madison was ordered.
J. J. Handley was re-elected
secretary-treasurer and Henry Ohl,
Jr., general organizer, at a salary
of $8000 per year each, despite an
economy fight waged by Herman
Tucker of the machinists, Milwaukee. There is no permanent president of the federation, The new
executive board consists of James
Sheehan, William Coleman, Geo.
Harris, Milwaukee; Eugene Kllllan,
Watertown; William Giese, Fond
du Lac; William Summers, Racine;
Frank Janda, Oshkosh; George
Schneider, Appleton. Ohl was
named delegate to the next A. F.
of L. convention.
During the year, 14 unions affiliated with the federation, seven
withdrew, threo amalgamated, five
had disbanded. One federal Labor
Union (City and County Public
...Service Employees, No. 16914, Milwaukee), "withdrew frpm the A. F.
ofL.'      .   .
The balance in the treasury July
1, 1922, was $6671.68.
Plcnlo a Success
The Carpenters' picnic at Bowen
Inland last Saturday was a great
success. Some 400 carpenters and
their families had a day's outing,
And "H returned to the city tired
•but happy. The kiddles had a
great day; there-were sports, Ice
cream and tfll the good things
Which usually are to be found on
such nn occasion.
Tho delegate from the Brotherhood of Carmen stated that the
resolution of the Nova Scotia min*
ers which had been endorsed by
the carpenters of the city should
be endorsed, and also Btated that
they had been instructed to bring
this matter before tho council.
Delegate Nixon of the Carpenters
moved a resolution calling on the
exeoutlve to draft a resolution to
be forwarded to Premier King,
condemning the action of the rail
way companies in reducing the
wages of the railroad workers without consideration of the law pro*
vlded for such contingencies, and
callng on the premier to take
steps to compel the railroad companies to comply with the laws.
Secretary Bengough pointed out
that a full statement of the railroadmen's case had been presented
to the Montreal press by the rail
road workers* representatives, but
that lt had been refused publication. He supported the resolution,
which was carried.
The Comfort Station
Delegate Bartlett nsked a question as to the hold-up on the comfort station construction on Gamble
Street, and suggested that the delay might be with a desire to offset the Idea of day labor on city
construclon. .
Delegate Pettlplece replied that
when it was realized that lt was
seven years since the money waa
(Continued on page 3)
Premier King Is Asked If
Reductions Are Withdrawn by Railways
(By tho Federated Press)
Montreal—Union officials announce that out of 49,936 ballots
cast by Canadian railway shopmen
on the question of wage cuts, recently introduced by the companies,
97 per cent, favored striking.
A telegram has been sent to Premier King over the signature of R.
J. Tallon, president, Division No, 4,
railway employees department, A.
F. of L., announcing the result of
the strike vote and asking if the
railways had agreed to withdraw
the reductions.
The telegram requested an immediate answer, and concluded:
"Now that the majority of the mileage Is operated by oiy own government, It would be indeed creating
a state of chaos if the Canadian
government would turn out to be
the flrst to flout the Industrial disputes act."
.The industrial disputes act prohibits strikes or wage reductions
until the mutter under dispute has
been referred to a board of conciliation and investigation appointed
under the act, and the union officials claim that the reductions announced by the railways as effective July 15 are ln contravention of
the act. The railways, on their
part, claim that the reductions are
merely tentative, pending the submit, lon of the dispute to a board as
provided under the act.
Notwithstanding the results of
the vote and the above telegram,
lt is not seriously anticipated that
a strike will be called until the various boards which have already
been appointed and which are now
being constituted, have reported.
Plumbers May Subscribe
The local Plumbers and Steamfltters are considering the question of subscribing in a body to
the Federatlonist. The executive
will discuss this mntter tonight at
the meeting of that body, and the
local union will pass upon the decision of that body nt the regular
[meeting to be held'next Friday.
Eight   Million   Workers
Favor Abolition of
Craft Unions
Every Effort to Be Made
to Keep Eight-hour
(By Louis P. Lochner]
(The Federated Press)
Lelpslc, Germany — Industrial
unionism will soon take the place
of craft unionism in the General
Federation of Free Trade Unions
of Germany, an organization of almost 8,000,000 members. The affirmation of the principle of Industrial unionism is the outstanding
feature of the triennial congress of
German workera' delegates ln Lelp*
The meeting was held at a time
when there is a general offensive
among employers against the eight-
hour day; when militaristic demon*
startlons of every description are
showing how bold the monarchists
have already become; when the cost
of living haa risen to new heights
owing to a new tumble of the German mark. It was the flrst congress not presided over by that late
towering flgure, Carl Legien. Moat
dramatic of all, during its closing
hours there came the tragic newa
of the murder of Walter Rathenau.
On the question of Industrial
unionism the congress ordered the
executive to draft within the shortest time practicable a plan for the
organic development of Industrial
unions. The resolution making this
provision declared that modern industrial conditions have made absolutely necessary a fundamental
revision of trades unionism, and It
specifies that the component trades
In large inter-related industries,
such as mining, the metal industry
building, the graphic arts (printing, etc.), transportation, textiles,
public works, farming, forestry, the
leather industry, and the production of the necessaries of, life
should be linked together ln Industrial units.
Big Vote tn Fnvor
The declaration in favor of industrial unionism was passed by a
vote of 465 delegates representing
4,864,125 workers, over against 168
delegates -representing 1,825,972
workers. It was passed despite the
recommendations of the resolutions
committee to adhere to the principle of organisation by craft rather
than by Industry, and'ln the face
of the opposition of the administration. It marks a breaking away
from the established leadership.
All attempts of employers to undermine the eight-hour day law
will meet with tho determined opposition of the German free trade
unions, as will also the project for
"technical emergency help," This
project, already Instituted by a
number of German States, provides
for the organization of men and
women into technical units to serve
in strike emergencies such as when
there is no light or heat In a town
or when railroads stop running because the. engineers have downed
Vote on Joint Councils
An exceedingly close vote resulted on the question of whether or
not the unions affiliated with the
German General Federation of Free
Trade Unions are to continue to
take part in what are known as Ar-
beftagemeinschaften. These are
joint Industrial councils .made up
equally of representatives of the
workers and of the employers. The
administration contended that
these council.-] are valuable business
training schools for the workers,
Against this the opponents of
these joint industrial councils contended that these councils were
merely attempts to bolster up a
tottering capitalist system and thnt
the workers nlmost always got the
worst of the argument.
When the vote was taken, 345
delegates voted In favor of leaving
the councils while 327 voted to remain. But tho 345 represented
only 3,582,429 votes, while the 327
had 3,803,238 votes. The resolution to withdraw was therefore declared lost, after the national executive had sat In conferences over
this unusual result for Ave hours,
and Instead a resolution was passed
In which equal representation Is
demanded for the workers not only
in the industries where such councils prevail, but also in those ln
which the employers alone decide
all questions.
Looking to Germany
From every country adjacent to
Germany, as well as from Great
Britain, fraternal delegates emphasized that all Europe is looking to
what Germany, with the largest
single federation of trade unionists, is doing tn the way of advancing the cause of the workers.
Tho congress, like everything else
In the working class world of Germany today, was split Into three
factions, the Majority Socialists
mustering 463 votes, the Independent Socialists 138, nnd the Com-
muists 90, The fundamental differences between the three factions
were stated with great precision
and clarity In a three-hous debate
—one hour allotted to each faction
-led for the Socialists by Bray of
the factory workers, for the Independents by Dissmann of the metal
workers, and for the Communists
by Walcher of the metal workers.
Tailors' Picnic
The local tailors' union has arranged a picnic for Wednesday,
August 9, at Bowen Island. Tickets
aro now on sale and can be secured
from the secretary. Boats will
leave at 9:15 and 2 p.m., returning
from Bowen Island at 5 and 11
Small Group Can Decide
Between Peace and Industrial War
Control Many Directorships and Lives of Industrial Workers
(By the Federated press)
Washington — Twenty-flve men
composing the powerful railroad
group stand between the American
people and peace in the coal and
railroad industries. Peace can be
had the moment theBe men aay the
These 25 men control, according
to data made public by Representative Edward Browne, Wisconsin,
82 per cent, of the country's steam
transportation, operating 211,280
miles of railroad. The 25 men dl*
vide between them 198 directorships, each one averaging nearly
eight directorships. These 25 men
sit together on the board of directors of 99 class one railroads.
The same men who control railroads own or control the conl
mines. The flnanclal institutions
behind the two industries and dir
rectlng the policies aro J. P. Morgan a* fo.^ First National Bank of
New \r6rb, Equitable Trust-Co.
Guaranty Trust Co., American Surety Co., National City Bank and a
half dOzen others.
The 25 men in control of five-
sixths of the transportation system
of the United Statea are: Robert S.
Lovett, H. W. De Forest, A. H.
Smith, G. F. Baker, H. S. Vanderbllt, Samuel Rea, L. F. Loree, A. J.
County, A. W. Krech, F. N. David,
Fairfax Harrison, W. W. Atterbury,
J. E. Reynolds, Charles Steele,
Howard Elliott, M. H. Smith, Chas.
Hayden, A. H. Harris, Julius Krutt-
schnitt, Charles E. Ingersoll, E. T.
Stotesbury, F. V. R. Thayer, T. De
Witt Cuyler, H. Walters, and the
estate of William Rockefeller,
The flrst seven men and the estate of William Rockefeller control
the banking situation through their
domination of the house of Morgan,
and the National City Bank. The
ramifications of this group, extending to every part of the nation, are
traced back to the United Statea
Steel Corporation, which is said to
own over 75 per cent, of the coal
mines in the United States, both
bituminous and anthracite.
In the Investigation, the administration is prepared to make of tbe
coal industry, further light will be
shed, it Is thought, on the control
by a few of national resources. The
control, If traced properly, will involve Investigations of the money
trust, which, it ls shown, figures
largely in the ability of a few to
dominate the nation.
An illustration is furnished in
the fact that J. P. Morgan & Co.,
the Bankers Trust Co., the First
National Bank of New York, and
the Guaranty Trust Co. held 89 directorships in various banks and
trust companies, 29 directorships
in Insurance companies, 78 directorships in transportation systems,
49 directorships in producing and
trading corporations and 16 directorships in public utility corporations in 1913.
So. Vancouver Labor League Notes
The South Vancouver Labor
League will hold Its regular monthly business meeting on Friday, Aug.
11, at 8 p.m, prompt at 6262 Chester Street. Members should take
note that nil dues are now payable
and should get Into touch with the
secretary prior to the meeting.
An executive meeting of the organization will be held . tn*--i.rht
(Frtdttyv iu arrang*"()ie fall programme, and to consider applications for membership.    .
From reports to hand, It would
appenr that the S. V. L. L. ls going
ahead strong and should be a great
factor In South Vancouver before
the end of the present year.
Application forms can be obtained from the secretary at Sey. 6672R
or at Tho Federatlonist offlce, and
if anyone wishes to get in at the
beginning of the season's activities,
they should apply for membership
Great Northern Has Much
Engine Trouble—Only
Four Men Working
The local men on strike against
the wage reductions on the Great
Northern railway are standing pat
and the-company is finding lt a
difficult task to secure men. During the past week," five men who
started work, when Informed that
there was a strike on, quit, and'
whilo there are four men working,
bollermaker, a machinist) and
two helpers, the company Is faced
with engine failures and other
troublea because of the lack of
men to do the necessary repair
work. The four men at work are,
however, not a permanent force,
they intend to make a small
stake and then quit.
It is rumored that the western
roads are willing to come to a settlement, but the eastern companies
are determined to smash ' the
unions. These companies are controlled from Wall atreet and are
under tho dictatorship of the financial capitalists of New Tork.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Railway  Association   of
•V' Canada Proves
Grejat Northern Officials
$}y No Settlement on
( Any Conditions
tt takes a Labor dlapute to give
the' employers the opportunity to
■how their methods of doing business with the workers, and the
"honorable methods" they use to
accomplish their object, instances
of,the ways of doing the work they
have set out to accomplish-—cutting
wages—ln the railroad Industry
are plentiful In the United States,
and while there is no strike in
Canada aa yet, the Railway Association of Canada has given at least
one example of the slippery nature
of the employers..
The officials of the Federated
Shop Crafts, division No. 4, asked
for a board of conciliation under
the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, and wrote to the Railway
Association of Canada on tbis question and" received the following
Dear Sir: The association duly
received your letter o£ th* Hth-tust.
a-uT^iim frlnce-Tece'lved a d-opy of the
application for the appointment of
a Ward of conciliation aid Investigation.
To the latter the association has
replied that it' does not represent
member companies for the purposes
of "the act, nor is it an employer
Within ihe meaning of the act, and
cannot be a party to proceedings
under it; but the member companies are, nevertheless agreeable, if
tho minister so directs, to1 joining
In a proceeding before a single
boMd, upon their being named and
serVed individually as parties, provided, of course, the minister decides upon the establishment of a
The association has noted your
reference to Section 67 of the act,
and the suggestion that the railways have overlooked ita provisions
In -,the course pursued ln this instance,
The railways desire to scrupulously observe the provisions of law
In \fheir relations wtth employees,
boi; they are entirely satisfied that
there has been no violation of the
Industrial Disputes Investigation
Act, or any other law In the action
taken, and that there con be no in-
ju'iice in a proposal which in the
result is to be determined by agreement.   Tours truly,
The Railway Association of Can-
General Secretary.
This statement Is nothing more
or. less than an evasion of the responsibility of complying with the
law, which would not be accepted
by th epowers that be if made by
the workers.
Another Instance of how capital
and labor can work In harmony has
been provided by the Great Northern Railway. Press notices stated
that a settlement In the railway
strike in, the United States was In
sight. These statements caused the
management of that road to send
out notices to the men in their employ Intimating that here was no
chance of any settlement, and that
nq settlement would be made with
anyone under nny circumstances,
and that ll was expected that the
company would hire sufficient strike
breakers to run the road efficiently.
Thus the nml ua I interests between
capital and labor are demonstrated.
.J, Labor Day I'rograjnmo
The Vancouver Trades mid Labor
Council Labor Day committee, at Its
medtlng on Wednesday night, deolded that instead of Issuing a programme, the programme would be
published In The Federatlonist,
rtilch would becomo the official
programme, and extra copies secured so that all attending the
sports can obtain them.
■.Hand yonr neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
I Huge Increase in Expenditures Preparing for
Chemical Warfare
(By the Federated Press)
hi London—British military experts
are enjoying a double chuckle at
tpo expense of the pacifists.   When
the Washington  arms   conference
decreed   reduction   In   battleships,
« naval sharps laughed because
iat decision saved them the trouble of educating the British public
tb agreo to the scrapping of these
costly but obsolete weapons.
Tho real joke consisted in "gassing" the pacifist on appropriations
for education. Tho army estimates
contained £169,000 ($743,600) for
'Cyst of educational, etc., establishments." The chuckle arises from
thi etc., for of the total sum £39,-
300 was allotted to the chemical
a'rfnro committee and £130,400 to
ie chemical warfare experimental
station at Porton.
Two years ngo the government
spent only £63,870 on poison gas.
One dollar and fifty centa is tha
cost for a six montha subscription
to the Federatlonist.
Gunmen Were  the Aggressors in Recent
Armed Terror Was Defeated by Workers and
Guns Silenced
The yelping of the preaa over the
smashing mtlltayr victory of the
strikers at Herrln, III., has quieted
down somewhat. It waB a tough
job for the kept editors, and though
they did their beat, they were glad
to leave off. This came from three
. First, their taak waa made difficult by the fact that even while
they raged, their newa columns,
though supplied by the crooked A.
P. service, let out enough of the
truth to show that the dead gunmen were the aggerssors. "We
can't blame them for shooting ua,"
said the wounded strike-breakers
(poor devils, recruited from the
unemployed). It Is asking too
much, even of, a kept editor, to
work up a convincing denunciation
of the union lawlessness with copy
like that before their eyea!
No Victory
In the aeoond place, there wafeao
victory to cheer for. That made It
extra tough. After Ludlow, for instance, the dead were all on the
strikers' aide. The gunmen were
sitting pretty, and that gave their
friends of the press a more comfortable feeling as they expounded
the evil*, of resorting to violence.
On the present occasion, all the/
could do was to sob about atrocities
which did not take place. Not one
of the atrocity stories sent out haa
been confirmed.
The third cause of discomfort
amongst the propagandists was the
unanimous sentiment of approval
In tho community where the thugs
were killed. There was no chamber of commerce to fulminate—no
public officials to shriek for troops.
Also there was a governor with
sense enough not to order a military
occupation. Williamson county had
Its war, and it is all over. It was
highly Irregular, from the viewpoint of law and order. But Williamson county haa the comfortable
feeling that the people who started
tho irregularities got much the
wornl of it, and can be depended on
to behave themselves for a long
The fighting at Herrin has u larger aspect. It was an instance of
the most terrible of wars, the war
of property against humanity. As
always, property was the aggressor,
The strange and almost unheard-
of part was that property lost.
Property has armed its servants
and sent them out to kill, year
after year and decade after decade.
The Industrial hiBtory of this country since the Civil War is punctuated at regular intervals with the
conventional massacres of workers
on strike, sometimes by the military, sometimes by private armies.
Effective resistance is rare. There
was some of it nt Centralia, nud
some at Matewan. Commonly,
however, the workers have been
shot in the back, or mowed down
The war at Herrin started thus:
The employer said: "I will surround
this mine with armed terror, and
do what I please." And he sent his
kellers down from Chicago—hard-
boiled follows, who knew what waB
expected of them. They did terrorise for a while, after the best examples of Steel Trust Cossacks, But
they wont too far. Their intended
victims found both guns and courage, and the machine-guns were
silenced wlttn the gunners fell.
So perish.-all who take up arms
against the right to bread!
Startling Facts
Some Interesting revelations have
been made since the battle. Of
course, the most unique thing was
the fact that thc miners won the
flght. And then came the announcement of the verdict of the grand
jury that Investigated the affair,
placing tho blame for the bloodshed directly upon the mining companies.
George Williams, Federntod
Press correspondent on thc Herrin
battle, writes:
Mine Guards Imported
"Putting the mine on a strikebreaking basis necessitated placing
guards around the property. These
guards, furnished by a Chicago
strike-breaking agency and heavily
armed, posted themselves on nearby roads and closed all traffic even
to the farmers, who dotour over
bad roads. Women were Insulted
and menaced, thus creating a situation extremely provocative which
the entiro community resented to a
man. It is said by many persons in
the trouble zone that the killing
would never have occurred but for
the fatal shooting of two unton
miners on the preceding day,
Population Not Boastful
"Listening to discussions carried
on by many groups in the streets
and hotels here, and by both business men and workers, I havo yot
to meet any who hns assumed a
boastful attitude toward the affair.
It Is untrue, as reported in the
Chicago and St. Louis papers, that
the population regards the mntter
'General opinion is that innocent
workers Ignorant of the situation,
were trapped into paying the penalty, while those who were higher
up Bat safe nt dlstnnt points ready
to reap thu profits if the plan of
breaking the strike worked,
"True, tho gunmen element were
not of the Innocent kind. To them
the game was an old one and a
(Continued on Page 3)
Press Refuses to Publish Statement Issued by the
Machinists'   Representative—Proposed   Cuts
Affect Men Least Able to Bear Them—Minister of Labor Admits Violation of
Law by Railroad Companies
In an effort to offset the preaa4
versions of the position of the railway situation In this country, the
representative of the Machinists'
International ln Canada wrote hla
version of the situation. This he
submitted to the preaa in Montreal,
but It waa never published; it has
alao been submitted to the locat
preaa and received the same treatment. The atatement reads aa follows:
On account pf the many Inspired
articles and interviews appearing
In the press to prejudice public
opinion in relation to the controversy In progress between Canadian Railways and their shop employees, this statement of events
leading up to present crisis Is Issued.
In the month of March this year,
the Railway Association of Canada,
representing all the Important
Canadian railways, served the required thirty days' notice on Division No. 4, Railway Employees'
Department, American Federation
of Labor, representing employeea
ln Locomotive and Car Departments, parties to a signed agreement governing employment on the
rallwaya, therein specified and
commonly referred to aa Wage
Agreement No. 4.
Conferences Held
Following said notice, conferences were held between the parties above named, stretching over
a period of nearly five weeks. In
the early stages of these negotiations the Railway Association insisted as a condition to continuing
existing relations that the committee representing Division No. 4
must agree to the abolition of punitive overtime payments for Sunday
and holiday work, for certain
classes, declaring further and in
positive terms how the several railways had determined to Introduce
more radical changes tn working
conditions, if not by agreement
then arbitrarily—and without respect for lawful procedure, clearly
set out ln the Industrial Disputes
Investigation Act.
After explaining the necessity,
and asking for time ln which to
consult the membership on so Important an Issue as the surrender
of punitive overtime payments for
Sunday and holidays, universally in
practice for years on railways and
recognized as eminently fair and
necessary for protection against excessive Sunday woi*, the commit
tee being thus faced with one alternative to breaking off negotiations
and the probable consequences
arising therefrom, finally agreed to
becoming consenting parties subject to ratification or rejection by
referendum vote of the employees
Radical Cliangcs
A supplement agreement to
Wage Agreement No. 4, effective
May 22nd,, containing many radical changes, the outcome of said
compulsory tactics by the Railway
Association, was agreed to by referendum vote returnable July  16th.
fwhlle thla matter was being conn
sidered and voted upon, the Railway Association, again acting on
behalf of and aa the accredited
agents of several railroads, created
a new dlapute by attempting tu
further reduce wagea—by agreement lf possible—otherwise arbitrarily and ln contempt of law aa
on previous occasions.
Although claiming authority to
make and sign contracts with Division No. 4, for and on behalf of
the several railroads since the
Canadian War Board went out of
existence, the Railway Association-,
composed entirely of officials of the
railways, seeks to evade the law
on the flimsy pretence of hot being actual employera. The agreement, aa a matter of fact, being
signed by Mr. Grant Hall, general
manager of the Canadian Pacific
Railway and chairman of the Railway Association. By thla subterfuge the several railways, Including
the government-owned roads,
would flout a Dominion law.
Posting Notices
When the Railway Association of
Canada, upon whom the onus as
being aggressors, rested, for applying for a board of Investigation
and conciliation, prior th making
any change In working condltlona,
hours or wages, deliberately cauaed
to be posted in shops and roundhouses, notices of wage reductions
effective July 16th, or the railways
themselves posted auch notices and
ordered employees to sign acceptance of such wage reduction on
time cards, or be penalised for not
doing so, they assumed responsibility for Inciting or "causing a lockout or strike" under the meaning
of the Act, sections 56, 57, and 68.
The situation thus created was
discussed with the Prime Minister
and the Minister of Labor, who
freely admitted that such acts on
the part of the railways violated
the spirit and the purpose of the
act, and that the railways, especially the government railways, ahould
respect the law of the land by
maintaining the status quo pending
(Continued on page 4)
Communists and Socialists
Are Attacked by Anti-
Labor Forces
[By W. Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.—Communists
and Socialists are being singled out
for special attack by the newly-
elected anti-Labor government in
New Soutli Wales.
The latest attuck Is made against
tho Com mun 1st Sunday schools attended by children or"Communist
parents, which the government
claims are centres for the dissemination of disloyal and revolutionary propaganda. A special bill In
to be rushed through parliament to
suppress the schools. This hill will
be known as thc seditious teachings
bill, and will have ns its object
"tho prevention of thc perversion
of the minds of children under the
ago of 16 years by means of seditious and revolutionary propaganda."
Says the government ln announcing this bill: "In these schools children are taught that God Is a capitalist bogey, that patriotism Is equivalent to treachery to the working
class; that loyalty ls a sin, that the
empiro la the symbol of slavery, and
that the salvation of the working
class lies In revolution. The government Is determined to put a
Blop to these teachings which are
white-anting the very foundations
of our civilization and destroying
the morals of Innocent children."
Asked hy the labor council of N.
S. W, whore it got its nuthority for
saying that sedition and disloyalty
were taught In tho Communist
schools, tho government said It had
secured a copy of tho ten commandments taught in the schools. On
being forced to produce the "ten
commandments'' it was found that
the document was a clumsy forgery, unknown to the Communist
Sunday schools.
Boston—Webb Pressmen's Union
No. 3 will be represented at the annual convention of the International by J. Badaracco, Its president;
F. Keenan and James P. Shea. The
convention opens Sopt. 26 at Hate
Springs, Tenn.
Chinese Employers Compel Workers to Wear  ,
Undergarments       t
Tokio—There are humorous angles to the Labor struggle In China,
The proprietor of a shop In Nanking, says the Eastern Times, haa
forbidden his employees to work;
without wearing undergarments in
summer. He has offered a 20 per
cent. Incrcaso to those who obey
his order and has asked those who
can not bear the heat to find employment in a cooler place.
The boarding house guild of
Hong Kong, in putting forward a
number of grievances which it
wants redressed, says a dispatch to
the Advertiser, points out that room
attendants are often compelled to
give up their bods in favor of guests
and it demands that this practice
be abandoned. One other demand
ls that evory employee be given a
decent meal every morning and
evening instead of morsels left by
In every Chinese boarding house
are a number of casual workers, for
whom sustenance Is provided in return for services In obtaining
guests. They are paid 20 cents
comm Isslon for every first-class
guest. The union now demands an
increase of 10 cents for these men.
Demands by the Guild of Hotel and
Restaurant Employees aim to eliminate thc employers and clerical
staffs in division of tips and other
money which waiters receive in addition to their wngo. lt Is a practico in Chinese hotels to supply to
all first-class guests nt the end of
a meal smnll dlnhes of chopped
betel-nuts, toothpicks and basins
of hot water sprinkled with perfume, Walters nttendlng on such
guests are usually given an extra
bonus of 20 cents eaeh; they are
now demanding that this be raised
to $1.
The waiters also ask that in the
future all money realized from the
sale of chickens' feathers, bones
and scorched rice leavings be divided between employees, the employers to receive nothing from this
source. The letter putting forwnrd
these demands points out thnt tho
pay of Chinese waiters is disproportionate to "the sweat and blood
involved In their toll."
Obituary j*
The funeral of W. Tarry, mem-*
ber of the Federated Seafarers
Union of B. C., was held on Thursday morning. According to tho
coroner's Inquest, which wns held
on the cause of his death, Parry
was accidentally drowned on or
about the 17th of July. The deceased last worked on the Canadian
Prospector, which ho joined on
April 4, and from which he waa die*
charged on June 19,
 . f
Subscriber*, will help us when
renewing their subscriptions, It
they will note change of address.
New address Ih S05 Pender Stroot
West, Vancouver, B. C.
Patronize Fed Advertisers. PAGE TWO
F_tIDA,T...,1.. ,...__.My_rt  4,   »ffJ
Pu_llshcd every Friday morning: by The B. C.
FederationiBt, Limited 	
editorial Offices: 319 Pender St. W.   Phone Sey. (871
buba-rtpUon Rates: United Statea and Foreign, $3.00
per year: Canada, $2.50 per year, Sl.aO for six
months; to Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per
member per month.
Unity of tabor:   Tht- Hope of the World
FRIDAY Auguat   4.   1922
The Taking of Human Life and
the Consequences
YANCOUVKR has been sli.ml by the locution of two men who were Adjudged guilty
of murdering a respected eittaii, iii tho person
of W. J. SalSbury. Perhaps tho youHi of thc
roudeuined men roused the wave of sentiment
which has been evident in thc eity from the
day of sentence. Be that as it may, the faet
remains that the destroying of human._ lift) is
looked upon at different times in a different
When war is declared by one nation on another, then the destruction of human life is
(ilorilied. Men are honored because of thcir
ability to destroy that which is looked upon ts
sacred in other times and under other conditions. One of the men executed was a returned
soldier. He was taught to kill and, what is
more, paid for it. Thc man who hung him,
who, it is stated, has hung over three hundred
men, receives emoluments for   his   gruesome
It is * striking commentary on present-day
society that men who were hired to kill were
compelled, because of thc lack of necessities of
life, to hold up another man and seek, by that
method, to get the things which they needed,
and that in fear of the consequences of
thcir act, killed thcir victim.
It might be well at this time to ask the
question as to who and what was responsible
for the destruction of three human beings; to
ask what kind of society it is whieh pay* n man
i'or doing the same thing for which another is
hung. Capitalistic society is full of contradictions, and this is only onc of them. It sends
men to gaol for robbery, yet the system itself
is based on robbery, and the greatest honor is
paid to the man who can get thc most of the
swag. A crime wave is sweeping the world.
Violence is the order of thc day. Men driven
by necessity are perpetrating deeds of violence
to get the means of life, while the ruling elass
is holding on to its powers by the same
methods. The first is illegal, and thc second is
backed by all the forces of the state. Thugmcn
and garrotcrs are being used by the employers to break strikes, but when a striker turns
on his assailants, he is dubbed an assassin.
It may not have occurred to many that thc
crime wave, as it is termed, is thc product of society. It is the result of economic conditions,
but accentuated by the flood of violence let
loose in thc war, when men were taught to disregard the value of human life. Society alone
was responsible for the murder of a man and
tho execution of his murderers, just as it was
responsible for the war, and while in no way
wishing to condone, or even offer any excuse
for thc murder of a Tinman being, we. cannot
but recognize that sloppy sentimentality will
not bring about the cessation of the murder of
human beings, while men are taught to kill
hundreds of thousands in the interests of
those who make thc laws which provide thc
punishment for crimes against individuals.
Business and Graft
yANG'OIJVER is evidently to have the pleasure of a muckraking enquiry over the
'awarding of certain paving contracts. This
enquiry is likely to bring into prominence, even
if not very acceptable to the individual, a
former mayor of the city. Charges have been
made that certain firms were asked to quote
lower prices to certain tenderers for the contracts in question, and thc usual business of
grafting is being disclosed.
* *     »
For many years the workers have demanded,
but never succeeded, in having all public work
donc by day labor. While we recognize that
thc adoption of this principle would not solve
the problems which face the workers, it would,
however, place thc responsibility for thc conduct of public work on thc civic and governmental authorities.
* *      *
Business, how ever, is business. It is based
on the exploitation of thc workers. Ethics are
determined by the economic necessity 6f the
business elements, and labor men who have
been elected to legislative bodies—if they were
on to their jobs—have recognized that graft is
looked upon as one of the perquisites of thc
business world, and particularly on civic and
governmental work.
* *      .
The skimping of materials is also another form
of graft, but then what do the workers expect?
Their masters run thcir businesses to suit
themselves; and thc sooner the workers realize
that they must attend to thcir own interests,
the sooner they will place graft and all the
rottenness of business on thc scrap heap and
run their own bnsiness in their interests and
not for a class in society which reaps that
which they havo not sown.
Two Stories with Curves
ON MONDAY last a local paper printed a
dispatch from Tulsa, Oklahoma, in which
it was stated tBat a preacher was conducting
Sunday biblical baseball, or, to put it more
plainly, the preacher hurls questions, instead
of a baseball, at the youthful members of the
Y. M. C. A. who are in camp, and their scoring powors are determined by their ability to
answer the questions asked, the preacher being
the pitcher and umpire.  ,
#      *      *
Thc Butte Bulletin, however, tells another
Tulsa story. It recounts how a worker seeking
to organize his fellows into a labor organization, was given a terrible beating in this same
city.   He was silling on ». hotel porch  one
evening when he was called down by a man
whom he did not know. He was then thrown
into an automobile by three other men, taken
into the eountry, stripped and fastened to a
tree, and flogged with a split strap, which cut
into his flesh, and later he was tarred and
*      *      *
No doubt those who perpetrated this outrage
were men of Christian faith. They may have
been trained in the Y. M. C. A. It might al_o
be possible that thc victim of this outrage was
brought up iu the Christian faith; but he stood
against thc exploitation of thc workers by an
idle class, which ignores the 'tny teachings of
their faith, which lays it down that man must
live by thc sweat of his brow; but instead of
doing that, they live on the product of labor,
which sweats and toils so that the idle class
may live in luxury, and for that he was subjected to torture by those who arc fond
of prating of the brotherhood of man through
the church,
*,     *      *
In the article on the biblical baseball stunts
of thc Tulsa preacher, it was stated that
sometimes the boys could not get on to the
pitcher's curves. We wonder when the workers will get on to the curves of thc hypocritical
Christians who do not practice what they
preach, but fatten on a class in society which
produces the wealth of the world and feeds the
parasitic clement which uses force and violence
on those who challenge thc rule of capital.
Children and the War to Come
WHEN the cattle embargo was being discussed in the British House of Commons,
Mr. Asquith made thc statement that a promise
was made to thc Canadian Government at the
Imperial War Council, that the embargo would
be lifted for services rendered by Canadians in.
the war.
* *      *
We have been told many times that the
war was fought to save gallant little Belgium,
but then one can never.tell in these days of
capitalistic intrigue and it may be that thousands of Canadians were sacrificed so that
cattle might be shiped to great Britain without
let or hindrance.
* *      *
Be that as it may, thc war to end wars was
not evidently the cure-all that it was expected
to be, for Lloyd George is now appealing to the
churches to stop war. He is quoted as stating
that "the next conflict will be deadlier than
any previous world strife." This will be some
consolation to those who faced thc last capitalistic inferno.
* *      *
Meantime the minds of the young arc being
trained so that they -way become food for cannon in the future. The old ideals of capitalistic patriotism aro being instilled into the
minds of thc children by every capitalistic
agency. Last Sunday, the world over, antiwar demonstrations were held, but the children were not gathered together and told thc
horrors of war or why they arc waged. But
they arc being taught that false patriotism
which made it possible for the manhood of half
the world to be engaged in a deadly conflict by
the rulers of the earth during the years of
1914 to 1918. Four years and more of death
and misery, not because of the good that was
to come out of it, but in the interests of the
struggling groups of capitalists for world domination in the fields of commerce. The children are the men and women of the future.
What arc we going to do to train the minds of
the youngsters so that they may not fall into
thc abyss of a capitalistic war.
The Island Miners and the Strike
PRESS reports from Vancouver Island indicate that the mind's of Nanaimo and other
Island points arc very busy these days. They
are busy producing coal for a market which
is fast being depleted because other miners in
this country and in the U. S. A. arc not producing coal, but arc resisting the onslaughts of
the operators on thcir standard of living.
* •      »
In one report we read, that the mines are
now working two shifts per day, and that the
miners are increasing their daily output. This
may or may not be true, but the fact remains
that in the Crow's Nest Pass, thc miners arc
on strike, and the Alberta miners arc also resisting the encroachments of their employers,
and coal is being produced on the Island.
* *,;.,;*
Thc press also informs us that thc Welsh
miners are seeking to have thc export of coal
from thc British Isles to thc United States
stopped, and that thc United Mine Workers
arc sending a representative tothe old country to protest against the exportation of coal
to the U. S. A.
* *      *
' Some time ago, when the Washington miners
were on strike, we pointed «ut that the Vancouver Island miners were working to supply
eoal to that state. Wc then pointed out the
need for organization of thc miners of the
Island, and we would at this time suggest, in
view of thc struggle being put up by the miners
of thc Crow's Nest Pass and Alberta, that the
United Mine Workers might well send a representative to the Island and attempt to organize thc miners, and at the same time secure
practical assistance for the men who arc on
strike. If a representative of that organization can bc sent to-Great Britain, surely points
nearer home which are having an influence on
tho miners' struggle, could be attended to.
A man may have read a lot, acquired a lot of
information, but it is the application of his
knowledge which counts, and also his ability
to understand what he has read.
There are too many so-called class-conscious
workers who only show their class-consciousness by talking about it. A little active work
and less talk from these individuals would be
of vnlue at this time.
New policies in thc working-class movement
always cause trouble, for there arc too many
men who arc living in thc past. Karl Marx,
in his eighteenth Brumairc of Louis Bonaparte,
said: "Thc traditions of past generations
weigh like an alp on the brain of thc living."
It is the samo with individuals, the past environment kills thcir effectiveness in putting into
practice new tactics.
<By Evelyn Sharp) •
A NDREW sighed as he began the
lon» aaeent to thi" fifth floor.
His boots, which were like two torture chambers to his amartlnff feet,
had aeon better days. , So had Andrew, Ho could remember a, little,
clean house, with a lilac birth In
front, and a bath ro6m u^talrs
where he was washed -.Ml lover
every night with warm watei\ Ho
could remember when his threadbare duaty suit had been a new
black velvet one, made for a pnrty
at which he recited "The Wreck of
the Hesperus," nnd was accl-ilmed
a dramatic genius. All that was
four years ago, before tho war
ended and father came home to die,
and the separation allowance
stopped. He wos nearly 10 now,
and in his dreary little life there
were no parties, and no lilac bush,
and no father with a thin eager
face, who taught him to hold tip
hts head and keep hla mouth shut
—only an endless tramp throush
London streeta by day, and indescribable experiences in lodging
places by night.
In Andrew's better days mother
never uaed to send him knocking at
strange doors with letters for charitable householders, written on
worn sheets of paper. She was
prettily dressed thon, and full of
laughter, not the queer bundle of
olothes she was now, given to
gloomy moods that frightened him.
Not that she ever ill-treated him.
When he succeeded on his begging
adventures she always made much
of him; and they would have plenty
to eat and drink while the money
lasted. After that it began nil
over again, the endless dragging
about from house to house, the impatient anger of people who shut
the door in their face, and the
empty, sick feeling inside.
* • '   •    ■
The stone stairs seemed endless.
They had slept on Hampstead
Heath last night, after escaping
from a suspicious policeman; and
It had rained heavily. His legs
had sharp pains In them, like pins
and needles that never went awtty.'
Once he paused nnd peered down
through the balustrndcs at the
lai-Rc, inert, flnbby woman who aat
hunched up on the bottom step,
waiting for him. For one wild,
rebellious moment, he contemplated going back and begging to
be let off this once. But as he
hesitated, she looked up and made
peremptory gesture with her
hand; and his heart turned heavy
as lead again, as ho started on the
next flight of stairs.
What should he do If fcW Indy
frowned and said she could not
possibly help them again? Or If
she asked fierce questions abbut
hts parents, as people sometimes
did, to which he did not' kndw the
answers? His mother had reminded him that he was to begin to cry
If the lady seemed likely to shut
the door on him. It would hot
matter, she said, If It wasn't real
crying. He must pretend- The
lady would be suro td give him
money,, then; and they could have
a grand supper, and a root over
their heads afterwards.
* •      *
He had never felt less a,ble to
cry. His misery was like -a hot
fire that left his eyes dry and burning. Perhaps, if he rubbed them
hard at the Importnnt moment the
tears would como. He hoped no,
for he did not want to disappoint
the flabby woman who sat hunched
up on thc bottom stair, though she
did give him horrible things to do.
Por himself, he did not care very
much "whether he succeeded or not.
There was a time—It might huve
been this morning, or It might
have been yesterday—when he was
hungry enough to look ln the gutter for chance scraps of food. I3ut
now, he did not feel hungry any
more. It was a good thing, he reflected, not to be hungry, when
there was nothing to eat.
One more flight. He ebuld not
determine whether he wns glad or
sorry to be so near the end of his
journey. It was the steepest flight
of all. He never remembered anything so steep, except the mountain
in hl._ bad dream, down which he
slipped backwards. He felt Mice
slipping back wards now; and he
gave an' Involuntary little scream
as he clutched at the baluster, and
ao dragged himself at last to his
* •       '•   - ne-
She^s gone away," said the man
who opened the door. Thc timid
knock had disturbed him at his
work, and he did not wait to see
the effect of his brusque dismissal.
It Vas not until ho got back to the
picture he was painting that tho
vision of the singularly graceful
child on the doormat, standing up
so straight In his shabby genteel
clothes, smote upon his artist's
consciousness. But when he returned to the door Andrew was
»     *      •
On the bottom step a spineless
World News in Brief Paragraphs
International    Gathering
WiU Be Held in Brussels on the 15th
An International con
ference on labor education will be
held in Brussels, Aug. 15-17. The
conference has been- called by the
Belgian committee on labor educa
tion, a JJnt national body of the
Labor pavty, the trade unions and
the co-operative societies. It will
meet at the Belgian Labor College
In Uccle, near Brussels, where the
delegates wtll   be   accommodated.
Thirteen national committees on
labor education have thus far decided to send a total of 24 delegates to this conference. The list
of countries tt) be represented includes Great Britain, Germany,
France, tha Unlte.d States, Italy,
Holland, Switzerland, Caeeho-Slovakia and Belgium. Committees
for workers' education, supported
by political, Industrial and
operatice labor organisations, that
aim at providing the working class
with the knowledge required for
the conduct of the various formB of
labor movement, have been requested to attend.
The purpose of the conference Is
to bring about an exchange of Information on the activity, methods
and experience of tho organizations
represented, but it wilt also deal
wltl practical proposals such ai
those aiming at exchange of stu
dents between the labor colleges
of the various countries.
In connection with this conference an exhibition illustrating the
activity of the organizations represented will be held In Antwerp,
Aug.  1-18.
World-wide Notes
London—The Rev. Conrad Noel,
during the hearing of a petition for
the removal of the red nag and the
Sinn Keln flag from his church at
Thaxted in Essex, was aaked if it
would not be better to remove them
and if he did not think he would
get on better without them. "I do
not want to get on," he answered;
"I want to preach the full gospel of
Jesus Christ whether I get on or
not." The flags wcro ordered removed in spite of his contention
that the parochial council, recently
re-elected, was unanimously in favor of the flags being in the church
and that the opposition to them
came mainly from outside the village. Across the red flag had been
Inscribed the words: "He hath
made of one blood all nations."
Richmond, Va.—Striking- rail
road clerks and striking railway
shopmen on the Chesapeake & Ohio
are completing plans to stick togothor until the strike demands of
both groups have been satisfactorily met by the road. In Richmond
the clerks walked out us a unit except for confidential clerks and a
number of non-union men.
Lynn, Mass.—Officers of the Uni
ted Shoe Workers of America main
tain that the mayor's board of arbitration harno right to frame any
ngreement between the union and
manufacturers. They made it
known that they would considor an
agreement binding only if it be
worked out independently by the
two-parties concerned. Conferences
looking toward the settlement of
difficulties ln thc shoe Industry
locally have been in progress for
several weeks.
San Francisco—In an interview
given here, D. D. Campln. a real
estate man of San Francisco, in
formed a newspaper reporter that
"the mfnes should be kept open at
nil costs, and three-fourths of the
strikers should be killed as an example." He did not specify thnt
the killing be done promptly at
San Francisco—The Central La
bor Council and the Building
Trades Council of this city have
Jointly passed a ruling that henceforth no delegate may enter a meet-
ins until he can demonstrate that
he is wearing at least Ave articles
of clothing bearing the union label.
Where Is the Union Button ?
heap of human failure heaved Itself up.   '
"Didn't you cry?" asked Andrew's mother, reproachfully.
"Not till afterwards," answered
the boy, who had remained Incorrigibly truthful through all- adversity.
He stood there, holding his head
up as he recounted his failure;
and his little chest heaved up. and
down with soundless sobs.
Just placed into stock a new line of MEN'S
PANTS, from 32-ij](ch waist to 50-inch waist;
29 to'36-inch leg.
Men's Soft Merino Under- Men's Blue  Pants; men's
wear, medium weight, per Black Pants; pair....$2.0.?
suit  $2.00 Camp Blankets  from,   per
Men's  Balbriggan  Under-      pair  $4.00
wear at, suit $i.50 Loggers'Boots   from,   per
B. V. D. Underwear, per       pair _*__._$5.O0
suit $1.60 Ordinary   Working   Boots
Stanfield's Underwear, up      from, pair $8.76
from, per suit $3.00 pr.  u.._r&  Cushion  Sole
Headlight Overalls arc the Shoes at prices that suit
best   made.    They   last all-
longer because they are Men's Pine Shoes in recede
stronger.   Pair $2.76      toes, from  $5.60
Boys' Boots, solid leather, in all sizes and prices that will
interest your purse.
W. B. Brummitt
18 and 20 Cordova Street West
and 444 Main Street
(By The Federated Press)
Hongkong.—Chinese carpenters
are on strike. In an attempt to
make the strike uanimous, a systematic shop-to-shop search was
made for scabs. Many of the latter
are In the hospital, and some of the
strikers ara in Jell.
Brisbane, Queensland. — "There
will be no more war as far as I
am concerned," aaid K. Charlton,
the new leader of the Australian
Labor party, speaking here. Mr.
Charlton has bcen appointed leader
in place of Frank TUdor, who died
recently at Melbourne.
Rome.—The delegate conference
of the Italian General Confederation of Labor, meeting ln Genoa,
has voted by a narrow majority for
collaboration with the. bourgeois
parties. This narrow vote, which
confirms the decision of the confederation oxecutive, will bring to
a head the conflict between the
confederation leaders and the Socialist party. The executive bf the
Socialist party haa confirmed its
opposition to all collaboration and
has summoned a party congress for
St. Louis.—Cancellation of the
Illinois miners' special district convention, called for Peoria August
5, came suddenly as the previous
news authorising the meeting.
Frank Farrington, district president, declares the convention will
not be held and that Acting Governor Sterling's compromise offer
for resumption of work will not be
fand lose favorable position held
against employers before the war.
Catholic trade unions declined
to participate in labor demonstrations protesting agatns murder of
Foreign Ministor Walter Rathenau,
saying government can be trusted
to preserve order and punish the
(By The Federated Press)
Vienna.—Application for admission into the International Federation of Post, Telegraph and Tele--
phono Employees, whose headquarters is In Vienna, has been
made by tho Russian post, Telegraph and Telephone Employees'
Union, Secretary Mayer announces.
The Russians desire to affiliate with
the International, but at the same
time wish to romaln members of
the Red Labor' Union International.
The executive committee has replied by suggesting a meeting In
Berlin, adding that "an indispensable condition of admission Is the
resignation of the Russian union
from the Red Labor Union International."
Great Falls, Mont.—Foremen and
supervisors In the Great Northern
railway Bhops here have refused to
do any work except supervising for
the duration of the shopmen's
atrike. Strikebreaking is practically dead with the refusal of the
foremen to scab. They have agreed,
however, to protect equipment by
housing locomotives tn emergency.
Boston.—The second'attempt to
send Frank Lopes, secretary, Sacco-
Vansettl Defense committee, out
of the United States has failed.
The demand by the department of
labor that he provide »10,000 bail Threate'tted nonviolence," but we're
Detroit—Two strikers, Norman
Moore, 29, and Frank Sueh, 30,
were stabbed, perhaps fatally, by
three strike-breakers near the Michigan Central shops here, after
Moore and Such attempted to Induce the three strike-breakers to
quit    their   jobs.      The    strikers
within three days has been met in
time. Lopez had been out under
bond for more than three years.
Last week he was advised that his
ball was raised from f 1000 fo
(By The Federated Press)
Berlin.—There was one group of
workers which did not take part
In tho general strike proclaimed
July 4 on behalf of the German
republic by joint action of the three
political parties and the free trade
unions and unions of olllce employes. That group was the Federation of Christian Trade Unions,
a body dominated by Catholic clericals.
From the national office at Cologne there was issued an appeal
to the membership to refrain from
Joining hands with the other bodies
of workers.
"The national government," said
the appeal, "has taken all necessary precautions for the securing
of the republic against any attempts from bolshevists of the
right. The Christian workers will
support the government in all
those measures. We believe, however, that the street demonstrations and other manifestations Inaugurated by the socialistic parties
and trade unions are justifiable."
Lelpslc, Germany. — Triennial
congress of Free Trado Unions of
Germany meeting here votes for Industrial ns against craft unionism,
determines to flght for tlfe eight-
hour law and against government
units of strikebreakers, decides by
close vote to continue participation on Joint industrial councils
with employera and favors world
peace congress to be held for December.
Berlin.—German i/nlon printers
aro hard hit by postwar deflation
assaulted with knives when they
called the three men scabs and traitors to the working class. The
three men escaped and police hays
made no arrests.
Parity—The reduction of armaments commission of the league of
nations has instructed a subcom-
mlssion to ask scientists of ths
world to publish their discoveries
concerning poison gas, In order
that tho probability of their use in
war may be reduced.
We want you to see the wonderfully high quality wo give for
our low prices.
On  clearing Summer lines—on
new Fall garments.
See our sale of demonstration.
Famous -°ZZ£r
823 HASTINOS ST., Nw OranvUlt
CotiTenlene* la vacation isys It
made possible by the telephone. Tka
telephone shield sign along thr highway! meant that anxieties eaa ba
eliminated, changed plana mads
known, emergencies more quickly relieved. It li nyiiibul ot asiurance to
the motorist, and he may rely on tt
day uud night. In uur rural offices,
a teld|i__(-ui> booth has been placed outside so that It te nlwnys convenient
for people travelling to put ia a call.
ltlof up Phone Strmour
far appolnKMnt
Suite .Ml r/omlni-n Bulk-Id
Cigar Ston
SM caiirami sthekt >
Kindling Free
I«0 C-KANVIMjE Bey. 851
ud -Jon-nl-ohollo wiaee et i
•U4-T linlM, 11 ».a. ul t.
Bund-r icbo-l laoudliUlj (i
•wnil-l unlit y/,lant.,
»»lli* I ML ft—
_0_-Mi  Ilikl  BIH.
In that dark hour when lyrap
thy and bait service count
muoh—call up
Phone Fairmont M
Prompt Ambulance Btrtict |
"A Good Placo to Eat"
Tou may wish to help Tlie 1
cratlontt. You can do so' by rene]
Ing your subscription promptly i
sending in the subscription of ]
friend or neighbor.
When You Need-
un supply all yout Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation for
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Orders Promptly Executed s
British Columbia Federationist ...Auguat  I,   1922
I Use
Nerve-Blocking   .
on every form of dental
work liable to cause pain
These methods are thoroughly safe, scientific and approved' by the highest dental authorities. They citable me" to do
any type of work on your teeth without
causing discomfort.
Dr. Brett Anderson
602 Haatings Street West
Bunk or Nova Scotia Ilullilins
Wionu Se/. 3331
Lumber Workers'
News and Views
Specialist In Expression Platei
und Bridgework
—Dentistry that
restores the natural     Expression.
The ary weather atlll continues, faafe, there Is only bhe way that tho
workers can protect themselves,
and that Is by uniting their forces
and recusing to ulso the worn out
linos and other ''hay wiro" equipment Which our thai-fit's aro ao.
fond ot.
UK. BRETT ANDERSON, formerly member of ths Faculty of th.
f-olloge of Dentistry, UnWeriltj. of Southern California. Lecturer <_n
Orown Snd Bridgework, Pt Ston it rat or In 1'Utework snd Operstlft
Dentistry, Loesl snd general Anjualhesla. 	
Vancouver Unioni
Council—President, B. H. Keelsads,
M.L.A.; genoral Bi-cntery, Percy R. Ben-
lougli. Otter; 80S, 319 Fender Bt. W.
Phono Sty. 7495. Mem IS Ubor Hsll St
g pu. on the Int Sad tklrd Tuesdays
lb month.
cil—Meeta    eecond    Monday    ia    tbl
month.    Preaident, J. St. White;  boots-
Ury, R. H. Neelsnda, P. 0. Bos 69.
Srick layers AND MASONS—If  yoa
need brieklayera or maiooe fcr boiler
•orks,   etc.,   or   marble   Betters,   phont
Brieklayera*  Union, Labor Temple.
penters and Joiners, Local 462—Preai-
It-iit. Win. Dunn; reeordlng aeeretary,
lii<n. Snell; business agent, Geo. II. Hardy.
DfHcc: Room 304, 319 Peader Bt. W.
Meets second and fourth Monday!, • p.m.,
Room 5, 319 I'ender St. W.
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTICE that I, J. M. Mackin*
non, of Vancouver, B C-. intend to apply
for s lloenea to prospect for Coal, Petro*
leum or Natural Gas on the following do-
icribed submarine lands:
Commencing st s poet planted st low
water mark of Stealer Park about 200
yards north of what Is known at Second
Beach, thence Weat 80 chaina, thonce
North 10 chains, thenco East 80 chaina
more or less to low water mark of Stanley Park, thenee Southerly slong low
water mark of Stanley Pnrk 80 chains
more or less to place of comit.en cement,
containing 040 acres more or lets, a*
altown ua plan sttacbed hereto.
Por W. T. Rosb, Agent.
Dstel Vancouver, B. C. April 29th, 1922.
Association, Loesl 81*62—Offlce nd
hall. 159 Cordova Si W. Meeta Irat
sad third Fridays, • p-m. Secretary
treasurer, T. Nlioa; busineu agent, P.
HI Ml eir.
UNION     OP     CANADA—An     Indw
trial    union    of  all   workera   In    lor
?ing and construction csmpe. Cout Dla-
rict snd Oenersl Headquarters, 11 Cot*
deva St. W, VsBMUTer. B. C. Phons Sey.
1856. J. M. Clarke, general Biieretsry-
treasurer; legal sdilsera, Meun. Bir*,
Maedonald A Co., Vancouver, B. C: sadl*
tore, Messrs. Buttsr * Chiene, Vancouver, B. O.
Ed. Dawson; Beer-Mary, R. Hirst; busl-
nesE aRont, P. It. Bengough. Office: Sl)9,
S19 Peader St. W. Meeta in Room 8,
919 Pander St. W., on second ond fourth
Tuesday In  month.
Leo Qeorge; secretary, J. 0. Keefe;
btuin-m Kent, P. R. Bengough. OBce:
909. »19 Pender St. W. Meets In Room
i 913, 319 Pender St. W. sa flrat snd third
Tbursdny3  in month.
ratora and Paperaangera of America
Local 138, Vsncouver—Meets 2nd and
4th Thursdays at 149 Cordovs St. W.
Phons Bey. 9491. Business sgent, P. A.
B. 0.—Formerly Firemen and Oilers'
tlnlon of British Columbia—Meeting
night, flrst and third Wednesday of eseh
month at IOR Main Street. President,
A. Williams; vice-president, R. Morgan;
Bt'cr.'tary-trrnsarer, W. Dassldson. Ad*
dress, 108 Main Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Victoria Branch Agent's addreaa, W.
Franelfl. 587 Johnson St., Victoria. B. C.
Operating Engineer!, Local 844, meets
every Thursday at 8 p.m.. Room 807
Labor Templt. Secretary-Treasurer, N.
I Green, 053 Hornby St. Phona Sey. 7043R.
Recording Seeretsry, W. Chandler, 2631
Pell  Ave,, North Vancouver.
tol'Kf.l-.T    AND    KLKCI'KIO   RAILWAY
Employeea,   Pioneer Division,  No.   101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant
1st and 3rd Mondaya st 10.15 a.m. snd <
6m. President, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke
rive; recording-secretary, P. __ Orlfln,
447—6th Avenue East; treasurer, E. S.
Cleveland; flnssclsl-secretsry sad busl-
sets sgsnt, W. H. Cottrell, 4909 Dumfries Street; odes corner Prior sad Vats
Sts.   Phona Fair 8604R.
• Ain«#lca, Local No. 178—Meetings held
grst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Pres-
Ident, A. I. flstenby; vlee-pres Ident, D.
Lajvson; recording seeretsry, 0. Ue*
Von aid, P. 0. Box 503; flnanclal secretary, T, Templeton, P. 0. Box_ 503.	
of  the  0.   B.  U.  meets oa the  third
Wednesday of every month.    Everybody
Welcome*    *
New Light on
Herrin Mines Fight
(Continued from page 1)
enmo at which continual success
had.made them certain of still farther success, Thoy tackled the
wrong community and lost."
History hu alwaya shown that
when a certain point ls reached in
the browbeating and intimidation
of th* "under dogs," there Is a turning point. Coal miners of Eastern
States have been tho victims of
many onslaughts by the paid thugs
of the mine owners. They have
suffered for thslr right to exist decently. Their dear onea have often
been forced to see their fathers and
husbands beaten, mobbed and murdered by gunmen employed by
mlno owners.
The gunmen had not profited by
their adventures in the mine fields.
Any resistance met In previous
years In their attacks upon miners
and their families had beon weak
nnd scattered—it merely made the
game moro exciting. The desperate
united resistance of the outraged
coal miners must have been a rude
shock to them In their well-paid
Yon may wish fo help Tlie Fed-
eratlonlbt. You can do so by renewing your subscript lon promptly and
sending In the subscription of your
friend or neighbor.
and the majority of the camps are
ftlll closed down owing tb the danger of flre, and quite A number of
men are leaving for the East to
take in the harvest. The shut
down of the camps will soon make
a shortage of logs in the. water,
and there ls every indication that
when the rain comes and the camps
re-open there will be ah abnormal
demand for logs. There are also
indications that there will be a
shortage of loggers, owing to the
fact that quite a number will be
Kant helping to garner "John Farmer's 1922 banner erdp." Already there Is quite a demand for
loggers for camps in Ontario, and
it looks as if there waa going to be
a shortage of men for the, camps
there, alt of which helps to show
that the lumber market Is good,
at least for the present,
This Ib the time that the loggers
should take advantago of here ln
B. C. In another month we will
have ft better chance to make
drive for a wage Increase than we
have had since the fall of 1430,
The demand for lumber Is as good
as It was during that year, and to
all appearances the labor market
will be flooded with men before
late In the fall. All that ls required is a little organized effort
and the trick Is done.
An example of the necessity ot
being organised for our own protection can be seen Jn the accident
which occurred at tho Capilano
Tbr. Co. recently. The high rigger
was being hauled up the tree when
the pass line broke and the man
fell over 80 feet. Seeing that there
seems to be no law to compel a
company to use material whloh Is
Hew Westminster Diatrict
TAKE NOTICE that I, Annette M.
Maedonald, of Vaneoaver, B. C, intend
ta apply for a licence to prospect for
Coal, Petroleum or Natural Oas on ths following   described   submarine  lands;
Commencing st a post planted at low
water mark of Stanley Park about '200
yards North of Second Beach, tbetii-e
West 80 chains, thence South SO ehaiiifl,
thence East 100 chains more or less to
lew water mark of North side of False
Creek, thenee Northwesterly along low
water mark 70 chains more or leaa to
point of cammencomant, ss shows on
plsn attached hereto.
Per W. T. Ross,  Agent
Dated Vanconver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
New Westminster District
__. TAKE NOTICE that I, W. T. Ross, of
Vancouver, B, C, Intend to apply for a
licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum or
Natural Oas on the following described
submarine lands.
All seams of coal and coal measures
underlying those lands and lands covered
by water described as follows:
Commencing st a post plantod at high
water mark near the North end of Balaclava Street, thence Norlh 00 chains,
thence East 80 chains more or less to
high water mark on the North side of
Pslae Creek, thence Southeasterly slong
high water mark 70 chaina men or lms
to tha line of the North Side of the Canadian Pacific Railway Bridge, thence
Westerly along tho North aide of the
Canadian Pacific Railway Bridge, 10
chains mors or less in high wator mark
on the shore of the Kitsilano Indian Reserve, thenco following the shore Hne at
high water mark 100 chains more or less
to point of commencement, aa shown on
plan attached hereto.
_ , « „ W. T. ROSS.
DSted Vancouver, B. C, April 28 th, 1922.
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTICE that I, Stuart Cameron,
of Vancouver, B. C, intend to apply for a
licence to prospect for Coal. Petroleum
or Natural Gas on the following described submarine  lands:
All thB seams of coal and coal measures underlying those lands and lands
covered by water described Sti follows:
Commencing at a post planted at high
water mark nesr the North end of Balaclava Street, North 60 chains, tbence West
80 chains, thence South AO chains more
or less to high water mark, thence Easterly 80 chains along high water mark
te point of commencement, as shown on
plan  attached  hereto.
Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
New Westminster District
TAKK NOTICE that I. Jean M. Mac*
ki-Mon, of Vancouver, B. ft, Intend to
apply ftr a licence to prospect for Coal,
Petroleum or Natural Oas on the following described submarine landa: All seams
of coal and coal measures underlying thoRe
lands and lands covered by water described as follows:
Commencing at a post planted at high
water mark near the North end of Blanca
Straet, thenee North 80 chains, thence
East 80 chains, thence South 80 chains
more or leas to high water mark, thence
West 80 ehaina more or less along high
water mark to point of commencement,
se shown en plan attached hereto.
Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C, April 29th. 1923.
New Westminster District
TAKE NOTICE that I, Stuart Cameron.
of Vsncouver, B. C, Intend to apply for
a licence to prospect for Coal, Petroleum
or Natural Qas on the following described
submarine lands.
All seams of coal and coal measures un-'
derlying those lands and landa covered by
water described as followa:
Corampiiring at a post planted at high
water mark near tha North end of Blanca
Street, thence North 80 chains," thence
Weat 80 chains, thence South 80 chains
more or lees to high water mark, thence
East 80 chains more or less to point of
commencement, as shown on plan attached
Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dated Vancouver, B. C., April 29th, 1022.
Russia Goes on
a Money Basis
New Westminster District
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
TAKE NOTICE that I, J. M. Martinson, of Vancouver, B. (X, intend to apply
for a licence to prospect for Cosl, Petroleum or Natural Oas on the following described lands:
Commencing at a post placed at tbo
Northwest eorner of the Kitsilano Indian
Reaerve, thenee South to the Southwest
corner of the Indian Reserve and First
Avouue, thence Easterly to shore lino,
thence slong shore line to point of commencement, containing 110 acres more or
less. V
Per W. T. Ross, Agent.
Dsted Vanconver, B. C, April 29th, 1922.
Get your workmate to subscribe
for Tho Federatlonist.
Freeh Cut Flowers, Fumtral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
'Plants, Oninmetitur and Shitdc Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
_    Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
4S Hostings St. E. 2—STORES—2 005 GranvUle St.
Sey. 988-072 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"      Sey. M13-1.191
[By Anise]
(Federated Pross Correspondent)
Moscow—In hts simple but usefully furnished rooms overlooking
ths place of the Grand theatre, I
interviewed Sokolnlkov, acting minister of finance during the past six
months in Russia, the man whose
job It has been to put Russia back
on a money basis so that she might
trade with the rest of the world.
He was one of the Ave delegates
talking businoss with Europe at
The Hague.
Breaking the ruble's fall Is not
the flrst hard job Sokolnlkov has
tackled for Russia. He waB the
man who mado the decree nationalising tho banks and himself took
over tho Bank of Petrograd In
thoso stormy days. Later he was
president -©f the delegation that
went to Brest Lltovsk to "sign without reading" the peace which Trotsky had refused. Still later he had
the pleasure of assisting In Berlin
at the revision of that treaty of defeat.
When civil war broke he went
Into the army, rose rapidly to the
position of commander on the
southern front, and it was he who
threw Denikin into the sea in the
marvellous march across the Crimea marshes In the dead of winter. Then ha came back to the
technical Job of finance, for which
he had been prepa red ten yfears
ngo in Paris .studying for tho fle-
gree of doctor of economics and
politics. He met at The Hague ono
of his old professors, a French expert, in the conference.
"Our flrst budget wns passed last
December; before that we had hardly thought in terms of money at
all; but under our now policy It became necessary," Sokolnlkov told
me.   .
"According lo thnt budget wc
expected to have to print 500,000,-
000,000,000 of paper rubles to make
up deficits for the flrst live months
of the year. Actually we have only
printed 175,000,000,000,000—about
one-third what we expected. About'
one-fourth of our expenses have
boen mot by actual income. This
is, of course, an absurdly low
amount, but It must be remembered
that Inst Jaunary we were only
meeting from 5 to 10 per cent, of
our expenses by our Income,
"On the first of the year we had
6,500,000 men In government employ, including workmen, civil servants and soldiers. By October 1
there will not be more than half
that many.
"The industries in which many
of these men were employed, instead of being a direct charge on
the government, are now taken
over by trusts. It is true that the
government still controls these
trusts, through owning the major
part'of the stock; but the trusts
must finance themselves not
through subsidies, but from the
credit bank, which gains the right
to impose investigation and control of them from the standpoint of
efficient business. The regular
government Income ls no longer
drained into them.
"Tho first imposing of money
taxes began in the last months of
last year. We have so far had time
to collect little, though now in
June and July collections are coming In.
"Three-fourths of our taxes are'
Btill 'natural' taxes in foodstuffs and
labor. One-fourth is now In money,
nnd of this n third Is indirect. The
direct money taxes go Into the local
governments, for schools, roads,
hospitals and other matters which
are now put on the budgets of the
local governments. Tho indirect
taxes come into the central coffers
of the state.
"Our railways, posts and telegraphs are beginning to givo us a
real income. They have had to bo
changed from absolutely free services. The income from railways in
June was five tlmea what It was in
January, reckoned in gold rubles.
The railways do not yet pay for
themsolves, but the deficit grows
less and less. It cannot be wlpod
out until wo have greatly Improved
our rolling stock,
"Eventually wo shall have economic relations with America, since
no other land ln the world offers
so much chance to American industry. Wo are quito ready to talk
businoss to the National City bank
and the other gentlemen who have
lost money In Russia. But they
need not expect us to make good all
they lost through war and rovolution. We wilt give them chances to
make money again in Russia; but
wo will not load ourealvos with impossible burdens nor sell them the
future control of our country,"
Have just received the "Fed"
this morning, and note under the
heading or Lumber Workers News
and Views a letter on-»he subject
which confronts us here in this district as seriously it hot more, so
than it does Delegate 59 Whb wrote
It; and I may say that I fully agree
with his views on the subject. I
have been in several camps In this
district end have encountered A
lot of these same kind of "flnks," All
of whom were working by the
bushel, and putting In as muoh as
ten and twelve hours per day, and
catling themselves "wobblies."
There are at the present time In
this district several former dels-
gates of he LW.W. who are on the
delinquent list, although thoy are
still posing as wobblies, and will
pull out their card and tell a fellow that "this Is the only card to
carry," yet most of thom are behind ln their dues from seven
months to two years. Now It must
be that some of these self-syled
Wobs" were olso run out of the
States during the strike In 1917;
but as yet their Ivory domes will
only function aa gypos, and hench
men for the lumber barons. It
looks to me that If these (would
be) union men as they like to call
themselves would become real
union men, and work as hard for
organization as they work against
It, we would soon be able to cope
with the masters of industry. The
L.W. I.U. of C. Is an Industrial
union taking In all the workers
working In the production of lum
ber, and that being so ft is up to
the men and women In Canada who
work In the -lumber Industry to
join the union of their occupation.
It makes no diffv-renrc to me what
the name of an organisation'is. If
we can only get a little action on
the job, and there Is nothing in the
constitution of the L.W.I.U. of C.
to prevent ub getting all the action
we want if wo will only go after
lt; but without-organiiation we are
like a ship without a rudder; we
are the various parts of what can
make a very effective fighting mn
chine, but we are not set up, we
are not united together, and we
cannot move In the direction we
wunt to go. Fellow workers In
camps, it is up to you to hold
meetings In the camp where you
are working and elect your cnmp,
delegate, and get organized for a
united drive for the elght-houf-
day in this district nnd better camp
conditions. Also do not lose sight
of the fact that whon you elect a
branch secretary, that you are not
electing an organiser, and it fs not
the secretary's job to go to tho.
camps and organize. If the men
in the camps will do their sharo
In the camps, then tho secretary
will have nil he can do sending out
supplies, etc. Come on, now Is the
time to make n drive for a. 100 per
cent, organized district, nnd then
use your organised power to Inv
prove your  living conditions,
*»•■* * 111 i i i tn I ■ ii i Mm i i mi ii i 11 i in tf
■ [By J. T. Murphy]
T IS 'easier tOflay to estimate the
. significance and Importance of
the workers' committee movement
In Great Britain than at any time
since Uie Ilrst uprush of committees
Which characterized the union
■movement 111 the early days Of the
war period. It has passed through
a variety of changes ahd ita latter
stages are as Important as the flrst.
Then it was a movement wholly In
the factories. Today It ls an unemployed workers' committee
movement so far as independent Organization Is concerned.
-It was the failure of the orthodox labor union leaders to remain
true tb the Interests df the masses
thdt compelled the coming Into being of Independent leadership ahd
Organisation Of the union elements
In the factories. It was the failure
of-the same leaders and organizations to tackle the problems of the
unemployed which compelled the
creation of the unemployed workers' committees. Today In atl the
Important industrial centres where
unemployment Is so rife there Is a
network of committees operating
under their own national leaders,
striving continually to save the unemployed workers from starvation
and degradation.
Strange as It may seem neither
ln the case of the factory commit*
tee.-. Or the Unemployed committees have the masses attached to
these organisations fought against
the unions in spite of their somo
times violent condemnation of the
union leaders. In the Engineers'
lockout of recent date, the organized unemployed have played nn
heroic part, organizing mass pickets with the locked out workers,
marching into factories, pulling out
.t|ie .scat's" and stopping firms from
working overtime. They have pursued a policy of utilizing whatever
means lay to hand to assist in the
struggle of the workers.- Now. at
tnaMpg themselves to trades councils, lockout committees, union
committees, etc., and using them
Tn have set out on a campaign to
smash the unions would have lost
them whatever assistance they have
gathered from the Unions, and also
a large proportion of their own
members. This they realized even
aa the workers committees of the
war period realized,
There never was much support
forthcoming for a separtist policy
even during the tlm-p when they
-w«re most powerful. To start off
for the building of new unions
when large powerful organizations
were,already in the field has been
recognized by the advanced work
jers ns a fatal policy intensifying
the problems of sectionalism rather
than solving them. To make 52
unions into 63 unions is not the way
to get one union for the industry.
Such a policy stands no chance in
the trades union movement In this
country. And it is because of this
fact that the spontaneous move
ments which rise from time to time
in the union movement leave their
permanent marks and help in the
transformation of the labor organ!-
_-______. I f - ff j^J^^j^
f zktloni to __«_• |W-_6fct form, an*
durubl. lh_trum_nt_ o. Ill-u»tl«.
Be_a.ii the war onl)- a tew tthloti*
Hai -hop st-#_-_«. ToUay •VKI'if
union In the «n*lneerIni ahd «hl»-
bulldiitt industry hav* shop itew-
ard« ahd ttt committed to the formation bf workshop committees,
the "Bhop Stewards and Works
Committee Agreement mide be-
tween the employers and the unions
ih 1911 WU a bit factor HI defeating the uhoWcliil shop steward and
Workers committees Aa ah Independent organisation. But It did so
Only by committing tht uhloiis Officially tb aiopt the factory organisation methods which had been the
foaturo bf the unofficial Movement.
Cortanlly it took the sting out of
the revolutionary movement at Ihe
aame time, and give It A new direction, but it committed the unions
officially to strive for the control of
labor conditions In the factory ahd
to the Introduction of new methodi
ot struggle. The unions have now
consciously and openly Invaded the
factories. Th* question, "Who shall
control the factories?" hot thus become practical politic) for the
unions. Once It wa* a theme for
the active minority alone. Today
It is in the forefront of the Industrial struggle. Witness the engineers lockout and the challenge
concerning "managerial functions."
More even than this has been
gained. The amalgamation of the
unions has received an impetus.
Big schemes are afoot and the demand for one union for the engineering ond shipbuilding Industry
ban become a live Issue. This demand has been t theme of the
workers' committees from their Inception. Their attempt to practice
the Idea In the workshops by forming the factory committees to Include nil tlie unions represented
there, has been a force to be reckoned with. And today It Is realised
that the one means of saving whatever the unions have gained In their
struggle through the years, Is to get
together at once In the factories
and proceed rapidly towards amalgamation.
Etiually permanent and durable
will be the effect of the unemployed workers committees. When unemployed tho differences between
the skilled and unskilled workers
are swept away by the common
faotor of hunger. Oh what value
it is to talk about your skill or your
craft to the boards of guardians
when you are hungry and there ore
so many more In the same predicament? This struggle for bread hne
pulled the unemployed workers together ns nevor before. The many
attempts to use their suffering aa a
weapon to defeat the unions have
failed becauso they have organized
aud lined up with the unions for
common defense.
These are the services which tho
workers committees havo rendered
to the workers movemont as a
whole. Thoy have been successful
mainly because they have refused
to be sectarian, used the existing
organizations, sought to mould
tbem to better forms, and give them
a greater purpose.
Ask for
"It Can't Be Beat"
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of sny land
'.;  SEE us
We have specialized in Union Work for
the last fifteen years. We guarantee satisfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices. k>
Cowan & Brookhouse
Phonei:   Sty. 7421 and Sey. 4480 |
San Francisco—Added Impetus
has been given to the flfht for the
K. Billings by the resolution adopt-
release of Tom Mooney and Warren
ed by unanimous vott Ot tha delegates comprising the 42nd annual
convention, A. F. of L., In Cincinnati. The resolution, wai Introduced by the molders delegation.   The
resolution placed the A. F. of L.
upon record aa demanding the immediate pardon of the two prisoners and calla upoa all organizations -imitated with the federation,
to immediately demand that Governor Stephens grant pardons.
Where la ymr onttii trot ton?
Established in Vancouver since 1111
Phone Sey. 8534—58 CORDOVA ST, W.—Vancouver, B.C.
Trades Council Will
Be Represented at
Congress Convention
(Continued from png0 j)
voted for the comfort stations, and
considering this fact, it was
wonder that when the tiles were
needed it was found that they were
in the old country, ond then someone woke up and wrote for them.
He nlso stated that he expected
that the work would be well on
the way to completion within the
next ten days.
A committee composed of Delegates Oliverf Fraser, Bartlett and
Ross was appointed to collect
funds for the strikers on the Great
Northern Railway who reside in
the district. It was pointed ont
that Local 182 of tho Machinists*
Union had already voted a hundred
dollars to this fund.
Support FcdcratlonUt
Vlce-Preuldent Bartlett made an
appeal for tho support of nil trsdoS
unionists for the-Federatlonist. He
stated that a committee had been
appointed to visit ull the local
unions to securo their support and
asked the aid of tho delegates to
the council. Delegate Xlxon stated
that the carpenters were considering the question, while Delegate
Pettipiece said the Typographical
Union was talcing a referendum
vote on the question, and it was
most likely to carry. The Milk
Wagon Drivers and Dairy Employees feported that their organization had decided to subscribe
ln a body and also to purchase
tickets for all their members for
the Labor Day picnic at Mahon
The campaign fnr the union
label received an Impetus at the
meeting by two letters from label
organizations being read, calling
for the support of the union label;:
Ono of these letters pointed out
that many commodities with upj
holstering wore unsanitary and
made out of old mattresses, etc.,
and urged the workers to secure
the label wherever possible.
The Labor Day committee reported progress, stating that
tickets were now on sale and the
chairman of the committee ap-1
pealed for the support of all local
Tho committeo appointed to interview the firm of D. K. Book*
with rotation to tha tailors employed by that firm not being members
of tho tailors' union, reported no
success, and that the men had bef%
Informed that If they joined tne
union they would loso somo of
their conditions, which were supposed to be better than thoso of
the union men of the city, but
which were, on investigation, found
to be worse.
Quincy, Mass.—Work in three
granite yards hero has begun again
following a victory for the workers, on strike In these yards sinco
tho flrst of tho year, A minimum
wage scale of $1 an hour asked for
by tho Granite Employeea1 Association, has bcem agreed to, and will
remain ln effect until a general
Agree mont ls reached in tho rent ot
the Industry.
The B.C. Federationist
Trades and Labor Council
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council (International)
President:  R. H. NEELANDS, M. L. A.
Vice-President: W. BARTLETT
Secretary:  P. BENGOUGH
Secretary-Treasurer: BIRT SHOWLER
Sergeant-at-Arms:  MRS. E. C. MAHON I
Statistician:  DELEGATE HAYES )
I.. Executive  Committee:   DELEGATES  McDONALD,   HALE,
Regular Meetings 1st and 3rd Tuesdays in every
Month, at 319 Pender Street West
Advertise in The FEDERATIONIST
and watch the results PAGE FOUR
fourteenth year. No. _•   BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  vancouvbr.
FRIDAT Auguat * .,   Uti
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Just received, a large shipment of Harris and Donegal
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Yoar moneys worth or your monoy back *
The Railroad Shopmen
Present Case in Wage
Reduction Dispute
(Continued from page 1)
references of dispute to  a  board
and rendering of Its report.
An apllcatlon was flled with the
registrar, within the time prescribed by the act under date of July 13,
and acknowledged July 15, but at
this writing, July 26, the notices of
wage reduction have not been withdrawn nor has the Railway Association to our knowledge named a
representative to act for the railways as a member of a board.
Meanwhile the vote, returnable
July 16th, on tho dispute over
rules, was to reject supplement "B"
and for the restoration of agreement tn effect prior to May 22,
Striko Ballot Issued
A strike ballot Issued when tho
Railway AsaocLition threatened to
arbitrarily reduce wages and before tho posting of reduction notices, haa been returned authorlz-
H. Walton
Speciilidt  In    Electrical   Treatments,
Violet Ray and  High Frequency for
Rheumatism,   Sciatica,  Lumbago,  Par-
aiyitin,   Hair   and   Bcatp   Treatments,
Chronic Allmenta.
Pbone  Seymonr 2048
IBB Hastings Street Weit
ing the. calling of a strike should
the railway carry out their threat.
An insidious campaign has been
carried on by the ruilway managements aided by the chairman of the
railway commission, Mr. Carvell,
and other open-shop union tra-
ducers, leading the public to believe that organized Canadian
workers are controlled from the'
United States, and that railways
especially have been compelled to
adopt schedules and rates of wages
handed out by tribunals in the
United States. Canadian railway-
men resent these imputations and
are prepared to prove that it wits
the railways themselves who. refused to negotiate ln 1918, and
forced employees In Canada to accept the McAdoo award, and subsequent decisions handed down by
the United States War Labor
Board and Railway Labor Board.
Unions represented in Division
No. 4, comprising Shop Trades,
have complete autonomy to negotiate contracts applicable to conditions prevailing In Canada, and It
duo to war-time conditions
only when the restraining power of
International executives was used
in maintaining industrial peace
that the railways In Canada succeeded In establishing a precedent
they now Beck to make permanent,
and which gives color to campaign
lies against International unionism,
particularly in the province of
Because a United States Railway
Labor Board handed down unfair
decisions on rules and wages,
against which the greatest railway
strike, ln America Is in progress,
we ln Canada are to be forced, if
possible, to submit and accept same
without consideration.
Because freight rates havo booa
slightly decreased In Canada, and
the United States Labor Board announces a wage cut for a section
of railway workerB, least able to
bear It, the same groups In Canada are being forced to accept reduction, although all Increases during the upward trend applied generally, especially to officials and
supervisory staffs and to whom the
Valley Dairy Ltd.
To Organized Labor
wage cut in July, a year ago, was
not applied.
Not  Afraid
The shop trades are not afraid to
go before a bourd and prove these
things, and also prove that the
earnings of a majority of the high
est paid skilled mechanics for the
past year and a half on the Canadian Pacific Railway, average
slightly over $100.00 per month,
and for the past seven months loss
than 190 por month, upon which to
keep a family. If the railways can
flout the law, however, and the
powers of government are unequal
to making them amenable, the men
are warranted in assuming that
even less respect will be shown a
board or a board's decision, and
under the circumstances believe
themselves fully warranted in declaring a strike.
The men want to strike, and
while the policy of the International Association of Machinists is to
respect the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, necvr having yet
authorized a strike bofore Its members have complied with It, the
circumstances in this instance are
so provocative and prejudicial as
to merit full approval and support
of thc International with all the
resou»«.\i   at  its  command,
Tlie Ruilway Association, made
up of- Ral way Official, may fool
the public into believing no discrimination or injustice ls being
done by their hasty attempts at extracting revenues from tho pay
cheques of two or three groups of
employees, but the men have reason to believe that once the reduction is recognized, tentatively or
otherwise, with the pay period
ending July 31st, their position is
International Assn. of Machinists.
Building Permits Issued
July 27—Address, 3643 McGill;
F. Simpson, contractor; dwelling,
July 27—2724 Second west; owner, J. Scatter[ dwelling, MO00*
July 28—4040 Burns; owner, Mrs.
J. W. McLeod, dwelling, $2500.
July 28—801-809 Granville; contractor, Adkinson & Dill; stores and
offices, $112,000.
July 28—1138 Eighteenth Ave.
Fi,; owner, James Thompson, dwelling, $2400.
July 29—2536 Cornwall, owner,
H. Gosllck; dwelling, $4500.
Aug. 1—1190-4 Victoria; contractor, D. D. McDonald; dwelling,
Aug. t—2745 Eighth Ave. W.;
owner, Dargwal & Kilgour; dwelling, $3000.
Aug. 1—2721 .-Pender East; owner, John Nakevn; dwelling, $2500,
Aug. 1—2310 Dew; owner, T. N.
Scadamore; dwelling, $1500.
Aug. 1—2320 Yew; owner, T. N.
Scadamore; dwelling, $1600,
Aug. 1—2330 Yew; owner, T. N.
Scadamore; dwelling, $1600,
Aug. 1—841 Howo; contractor,
H. A. Wiles; store, $4500.
Aug. 2—8621 Eleventh Ave W.;
contractor, J. D. Smith; dwelling,
Aug. "2—2742-4-6 Fourth Ave.
W.; contractor, E. W. Falls; dwelling and stores, $4600.
Aug. 2—1398 Thirteenth Ave. E.;
owner, Prof. E. Odium; dwelling,
Aug. 2—2269 Pandora; owner, G.
Scott; dwelling, $2800.
Boston—Plans are being perfected for an Impressive Labor Day
parade In Boston, P. Harry Jennings of the Central Labor Union,
has announced. More than a dozen
big unions have signified their Internum, in nnrHHrntto
Show Remarkable Adapt-
ibility to Deal with
New Situations
Industrialism  Is  Young,
But Japs Think U.S.
Movement Slow
[By Gertrude Haessler]
(Staff Writer Federated Press>
Tokio—In the face of the fact
that Japanese workingmen the
continually winning their numer
ous striken, or affecting very favor
able compromises, comes the start
ling statement of Mr. Ilkei, write:
on Labor subjects, that only 10 per
cent, of the 1,500,000 Japanese in
dustrial workers are organized.
"Japanese workers organize
spontaneously in a crisis," he said,
"and when that crisis Is past the
organization dissolves. That, probably, ls the secret of their success,
There is no worship of a form of
organization—no danger that the
workingman will lose sight of his
goal by becoming Infatuated with
the machinery that is to win his
goal. The spontaneity of every
rally to arms In a labor struggle—
be It merely a sub-rosa movement
of sabotage, or an open strike with
pickets and the usual casualties—
carries the men over the top. When
a man is discharged without reasonable cause the entire plant ts Inactive until he Is reinstated! for
every worklngman in thie. _ ptae*
walks out with his discharged comrade. There Is no union to direct
the strike—the crisis Js there, it Is
faced; ahd when it,is_over, work is
quietly resumed."
The organized 10 per cent, form
the Japanese Federation of Labor,
which Is modelled after the; A. F.
of L. Suzuki Bunjl, the president
and leader, Is a friend of Samuel
Gompers, follows the same conservative policies that the American
leader does, and probably feels just
as insecure in his position, for there
is the same radical Insurgency,
There are also persistent atn
tempts, says Mr. Ilkei, to establish
industrial unions, but so far'.they
have not gained much strength,!
due, no doubt, to the fact that in-;
dustry is very young In Japan.
The police do all they can to OP'
pose any sort of labor activity. ■. Thtv
Metropolitan police bureau and the1
federal bureau of the interior is
supporting a movement whWh
closely resembles the Kin Klux.
Klan of America, and which breaks:
up labor meetings with daggers,
fists, knives or clubs, with Impunity and sometimes with the asslit-
ance of the police. It is composed
of gamblers, owners of houses In
the red light district, and other
disreputable elements, ns well as.of
discharged soldiers, Shinto priests,
and firemen.   .
Some of the terms familiar to
the American labor struggles have
been taken over, translated into the
Japanese lubor language. These
are "strike," "lockout," '"open
shop," "blacklist," "scab," "strikebreaker," "capitalism," proletariat,"'
"You mustn't expect too much of
the Japanese laborer," said Mr.
Ilkei, "for you must remember thnt
industrialism in Japan ts very
young. But we learn quickly, and
we expect soon to outstrip the American labor movement in progress,
for the movement is your country
is getting to be too slow for ub."
Bukarest, Rumania — Spurious
general amnesty to political prisoners was granted on the occasion of
the royal marriage. Contradictory
reports of the amnesty printed in
both America and Europe, thO local workers' paper, Adoverul, prints
the names of 48 political prisoners,
chiefly Communists, who are still iff
prison. It grunts that 200 politicals
were released, but points out that
fully one-fifth of the whole number
did not profit from the widely advertised "general" amnesty, Rumanian political prisoners have
been subjected over since the war
to appalling tortures, some of them
unprintable because of their obscenity. (The Federated Press Chicago ofllce Is in touch with Rumanian rudicals who confirm s the
Moscow—According, to a bulletin
Issued by the Soviet chamber of
commerce of Moscow, there Is a
great demnnd from America for the
products of Russian home industry
■embroidery, laces .knitting, etc.
The demand from Holland ls chiefly
for eggs, butter and chemical materials.
General Strike Called by
Workers as Protest in
Portuguese China
(By the Federated Press)
Macao, Portuguese China.—Exciting incidents resulting in the
killing by Portuguese troops of 40
Chinese workers and the wounding
of 3.0 others, resulted In the declaring of a'general strike by all Chinese workers and the bringing into : force of martial law.
There are several versions of the
origin of the trouble, but that most
generally accepted .is that a black
soldier from Portuguese Africa molested a Chinese woman, that 'a
crowd of Chinese onlookers assaulted him and that one of the
Chinese was arrested, this leading
to a big demonstration for his release, during which the Portuguese
troops, flred on .the angry mob.
The following morning all Chinese
labor declared a general strikoj.
Demonstrators barricaded the
streets and refused to allow anyone
to pass. After several casualties,
martial law was declared, and
among the steps which the Portuguese authorities took was- the dissolution of all Chinese labor
unions whose members took part
fn the demonstration, as well as the
ordering of all Chinese laborers
back to work and the command
to the Chinese business people to
reopen their shops.
The Chinese labor organizations
have, moved into Chinese territory.
Strong racial feeling has been
aroused. Several large mass meetings have been held where resolutions of non-cooperation with Portuguese, boycott of Portuguese
business, prevention of importation of foodstuffs into Macao or
fresh water from an adjacent
Chinese island, and refusal to
handle Portuguese. cargoes. _were
Students Arrested for Distributing "Radical"
Tokio.—Socialists continue their
propaganda in the streets. Tho
number of arrests of radicals Is
increasing. Lieut. J. Takasaka,
who served with- the forces in Siberia, and Oshln Taklzawar, a former policeman, were arrested while
leaving Japan for Russia, where
thoy intended to cooperate with the
soviet government.
' In Kyoto a blind Socialist wts
arrested who could not be found
when the dragnet was spread over
Tokio somo time ago. Three students of Keio university were arrested for distributing booklets entitled "A Manifesto to Laborers of
the Empire," which was held communistic propaganda by the authorities. The records of three
Poles, two men and a women, are
being investigated. They have
been arrested, and are believed to
be working in the interest of the
soviet government.
A young man reported by the
police to be insnne was released
from the Matsuzawa asylum after
having been there for the laBt six
months. According to a Tokio
lawyer the man was detained by
the police becnuse he was supposed
to bo a Socialist and they did not
want him to be ot large. After
being confined in the asylum for
several weeks the man attempted
to communicate with city officials,
ijut all of his letters are reported
to have been intercepted by the
hospital officials, The lawyer learned of his case and secured the
man's release.
The,poIlce believe they have frustrated a nationwide plot of a dangerous character by the arrest of
co-worker for distrubuting radical literature. Twelve Socialists
were arrested by the police at Sapporo for distributing, handbills.
American Capital and Reaction Attempt to Discredit It
Livermore, Cal.—Twelve itinerant workers were arrested here by
special policemen of the Southern
Pacific, their crime being that they
were riding in a box car en route to
a job. The dozen were searched,
and one named Charles Miller was
found to hkve credentials as an I.
W. W. organizer. His papers were
confiscated, and he was sentenced
to serve 90 days for vagrancy in
the Alameda county jail. The
other 11, being good "Bclssor bills,"
innocent of union affiliations or
radical ideas, were discharged with
no complaint lodged against them.
129 HASTINGS  STBEET EAST..; Phone Be,. 3262
880 OBANVILLE STBEET Phona Soy. (60
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8260 MAIN STBEET   Phone Pair. 1613
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Slater's Tea, per lb.' 46c
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Representative of Socialist Regime Refutes Capitalist Distortion
(By The Federated Press)
New York ."■—Capitalism and reaction In America are trying to
discredit the Socialist Government
of the Mexican;. Btate of Yucatan,
according to Tomas Caateltanos, representative here of Governor Felipe Carrillo. of Yucatan.
"I consider it necessary to refute articles .appearing In the
American. press,". Caatellanoa said.
"In the first place, It Is true that
the government of Yucatan ls socialistic, for which reason its administration tends towards crystal-
Izlng the effectiveness of all things
which may, directly or Indirectly,
favor the welfare of the community.
"For one thing, the Yucatan government has attacked vigorously
every attempt to curtail civil and
political, liberty which might In any
manner restrain the sound and
spontaneous development of human
activity. It has distributed, and Is
distributing, land to the workers.
"Take the institution of divorce
under the Yucatpn laws. Divorce
exists in Yucatan ln the most ample
and liberal manner possible, but
always subject to definite legal procedure and rules, the object of
which is not only to guarantee the
free exercise of civil liberty ln
this matter, but also to guard and
protect the rights and obligations
of the marriage. Our divorce law
makes sound provision for the children and for divorced couples
"Yet this Just, humane and enlightened Institution, as it exists
in Yucatan, is made the subject of
distortion, misrepresentation and
outright falsification in the newspapers of the United States—inspired by those who would have
Yucatan return to peonage and oppression.
"Then there ave the attempts to
mako It appear that the govern-
men of Yucatan Is directed and
managed by the caprices and
whims of a woman who Is said to
be called Bianco Cerbenno, I
have personal knowledge that this
story is a falsehood. Such a woman does not exist and has never
existed, and she was invented for
the purpose of destroying the reputation of the state of Yucatan,
"The fact Is that the governor,
Carlllo. Is devoted, with the greatest earnestness and enthusiasm, to
the development of an administration to serve all the people. His
efforts are directed to the permanent reconstruction of the
state, which has passed through an
economic crisis unprecedented ln
its history."
Be sure to notify the post offlce
is loon as you change your address.
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Hands Are Idle in
      '  fj
Soviet Russia
The peasants need farming implements and machines to harvest the
crops this fall and to prepare the soil for the winter and spring seed. If
they get machinery there will be no further famine in Soviet Russia.
The workers need tools and industrial machinery to open up the factories so they may produce the multitude of things required in Soviet
Russia. Buildings, railways, bridges and factories must be built and
Help Empty Hands to Work
Tools and Machinery will save a nation of 150,000,000 people.
International Tool Drive
Friends of Soviet Russia
Help Build Up the
World's First
Workers' Republic
Here ls rny contribution of f toward relief and
roconstruetloii of Soviet Russia,
Pierre Paris
Shoes and Logger Boots
Any kind of special shoes made to order.
WORK BOOTS—Try Our $5.00, $6.00 and $7.50 Brand
Best in the Oountry
P. Paris
Phone Sey. 4716 VANCOUVER, B. O,
Anniversary Dance
Corner Clinton and Pender Streets
Saturday, August 12th, 1922
9 to 12 p.m.
Oome, Bring Your Friends and Be a Friend
LADIES, 25c :: OENTS, 50c
Proceeds Will Go Towards Tool Drive Fund


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