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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 9, 1920

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 ,  -aft;
$2.00 PER YEA^tv
Over the Top and
******      ******    ******      ******
Some to Spare Is Record
Lumber "Workers Unit Reached Objective of 15,000
Members in 1919—Chase Strike Still on—Discrimination Shown at Some Camps
Over the top with nearly a thou-*Now I.adynmitli  Lumber Co., that
Mnd to spare. Tho actual membership in good.standing on December
31 was 16,852. This docs not includo the several hundred who will
swell the total owing to the amalgamation of the L. \V.' I. U. and
thoie members of the Engineers and
Millworkers' Unit who are'employ-
ad In the lumbor industry. This
amalgamation was recently arranged
and takes effect immediately. This
will undoubtedly result in greatly
increased headway in lining up the
millworkers, who, realizing that
they now havo tho loggers with them
in getting better conditions in that
portion of tho industry which in the
past has been notorious for its long
hours and miserable pay will not
hesitate long in demanding from tho
mill owners a share of tho unprecedented boom .and wave of prosperity
in whieh tho lumber employers are
waxing financially fat. Why not
an 8-hour day and a $5 minimum for
all millworkorst It's up to themselves now. Here's a question the
organization would like to put up to
the wife and family of tho_ mill-
Trorknr: How would you liko to
have daddy home for anothor hour
or two each day and yot bo assured
that his minimum earnings would be
IS a dayt If you can get along on
less money let us know how you
do it, as we are daily faced with
tho problem of making evon that
amount procure tho barest necessities of everyday life.
Remarkable Features
Two rathor remarkable fcaturos
evidenced themselves whon getting
out thc membership records. Ono
was the numbor of men who had
already paid tho wholo of this
year's dues, and tho other thnt less
than ono hundred . members who
joined the nnjon during tho first
threo monthB of itB formation had
Discrimination Shown
Roports receivod are to tho
eBae_ that thc Nimpkish Company
aro actively discriminating against
union men and thoy fondly imagine
they have succeeded in getting a
non-union crew. Lumber companies
are like individuals, they live and
loarn. Here's wishing thc N. T. Co.
all the activity that will como to
them this year. This also applies to
tho Whalen Pulp k Paper Co.; their
mill and yard conditions aro notorious. It's time tho.men lined tho
company up. For a long time, tho
men put up with their bum cheques
and rotten conditions. Now tho
cheques are good, but mighty small,
and the conditions nro several doors
removed from heavenly.
Tho trouble nt Premier Mino,
Stewart, appears to bo near settlement. Tho manager signed terms
satisfactory to thc men, and 25 aro
leaving for thc mines. No more will
loavo until word is received from
them that tho 'eompany is living up
to the agreement.
Ohase Strike Still On
Chnso striko is still being actively
carried on, with splendid results.
Tho company did at ono timo manage to till their camps witli prairie
chickens, but even these have quit
in disgust at tho conditions.
At Camp 8 of the Victoria Lumber Company, Ladysmith, they had
some troublo owing to an attempt to
raise tho board from $1.20 to $1.50
without any increnso in wages.
Evoryono quit, demanding a wage
increaso of 50 cents a day. The
employors thereupon agreed to bring
thoir board rate" down to that pro-
vailing in othor camps. The men
■ then decided to go back to work.
Thc beauty of the wholo thing wns
that tho company triod to run tho
raised board over tho men without!
notifying them of tho fact. Whon
it did leak out, tho men walked
Oalgary Reports
Calgary reports a itrlke of construction workors at the Burn-
Jordan-Welsh outfit at Granger, Alborta, owing to an attempt to ro-
dueo wages from 50 conts to 45
cents on hour, Tho men wore unorganized at tho time, but have
sinco linod up.
Thc Now Ladysmith Lumber Co.,
at East Wellington, have, through
thoir solicitor, who is also barrister, notary, polico and stipendiary
magistrato, etc., informed our delo.
gate as follows: "I am advised by
Mr. Coburn, the president  of  tho
Company Refuse to Meet
Men's Demands and
Strike Is Called'
The Premier Gold Mining Company at Stewart, B. C, having refused to meet the demands ot the
employees, has a strike on Its
hands, the men quitting. The men
complain bitterly of the food, and
atate that they could not stand
tho conditions any longer, and ua
the company refused to meet their
demands, they had no other course
to follow except to strike. The
camp la organized, and all the
men belong to the O. B. U, A
building haa beon rented in Stewart, and a grubstake provided,
and the men are picketing the
camp, and Intend to flght It out to
a finish. There are still a few people left on the job, but the profits
of the company are getting a bad
shaking by the withdrawal of the
organized labor (power of the
itrlkors. ... 	
you are persistently trespassing on
tho company's property by entering
tlio company's dwelling houses,
yards and works. Unless you desist
from snme, aetion will be commenced
ngaint you to restrain you from "so
doing in tho future."   Yours, etc.
Tho organization has not yot -discovered whether any similnr notice
has been served upon tho provincial
health inspector, but it is hardly
likely, as there is no ovidenco thot
ho has boon guilty of persistently
trespassing upon the company's
property by entering tho dwelling
houses, yards and works, but Mr.
Coburn can bo assured that he will
do so in tho very near future.
In addition, for the information of
all whom it may concern, tho legal
advisers of tho union aro at all
times open to take up tho gage of
battlo in the legal tournament yard
in defending our mombers and delegates when performing Iheir lo thcir
follow men, tho organixtaion and
themselves. Will the employeos of
this outfit who carry union cards
get busy! It's up to you to take
action to protect your own living
and working conditions, and do not.
lose sight of the fact that an injury
to one is an injury to all. Workers
in other camps where tho conditions
need improving would do well to got
together on this matter.
w m are
Government Is All Het Up
Over General Labor
New York.—Moro than 5,000 suspected radicals are under arrest, in
various centres of thc United States
following concerted raids by United
Stato officials which began early Friday night.
Tho suspected radicals, or at least
ull of thoso of Russian or alien origin, are to bo brought to Ellis Island
and it is said that at least half of
thoso tinder arrest are probably subjoct to be deported.
'' Soviot Arks,'' loaded to tbo
guards with a varied assortment of
radicals, will go floating across Die
Atlantic before long to Bolsheviki
Russia, following a coast to coast
aeries of raids which began Friday
night iu practically every city of
consequence in United States, beginning here, where nearly 800 were
sent to Ellis Island and sweeping
ncross the continent to Snn Frail:
cisco, Seattle and Portland.
Tlie department of justico mude
the following announcement of the
aims nnd purposes of the communist party, us revealed by tho seized
"The communist parly is a conscious expression of thc class struggle of the workers against capitalism. Its aims arc to direct this struggle to tho conquest of political powor
the overthrow of capitalism, aiul thc
destruction of tlio bourgcoisio state.
"Tho communist party prepares
itself for tho rovolution in the measure that it develops a programmo
of immediate action expressing the
mass slt'rtgglcfi of the proletariat."
Literature Held Up By
Authorities Arrived
This Week
The speaker at the Federated
Labor Party meeting in the Royal
theatre next Sunday evening will
be Comrade T. A. Barnard. Mra.
C. Lorimer will occupy tho chair.
Literature that has been held
up for tho last three months by
"Bomebody," (thc postal authorities always stale that they
"haven't seen It,") arrived unexpectedly during the week. Fourteen bundles of Labor Leadens,
from the British National Labor
Press, dated us far back as last
November, were the flrst to arrive. The I. L. P. in Great Britain
seems to have considerably more
freedom in its publications than
our land of hope and glory, and
some exceptionally good articles
by noted writers are contained in
the Leader. A bundle of literature has also turned up from C.
A. Kerr Co. of Chicago, Tho December number of the Liberator
has at last arrived.
The attendance at tho Labor
school have boen steadily growing,
and at the present rate the school
will soon be self-supporting. Interesting topics, good teachers nnd
u One library keeps those that are
already members and brings more.
Tho ichool meets Sundays at 2:30
in the O'Brien Hall.
Owing to an error in the report
sent to The Federatlonist re the
Sunday School Christmas concert,
the names of three little girls who
took part were omitted. Theywere
Miss O, Simons, who contributed
a piano solo In fino style, and the
Misses Dillon, who provided a
pleasing vocal duet.
The meeting of the F, L. P, Debating Club has been postponed
to January 17. The club's activities are reported In another
column. ,
Will Not Rest Until Russell Is Free—Legal
Opinion Sought
Big Convention in Winnipeg on Jan. 18 Will De-
.    cide Future Action
(Special to The Federationist)
Arrangements are now being mado
for tho holding of the labor dofense
convontion in the Strand Theatre,
Main Street, Winnipeg, on Sunday,
January .18, to which all labor organizations, no matter what affiliations they have, will send .their
delegates. Tho purpose of tho convention is to discover tho . prcciso
standing of the labor movemont in
all its aspects, in view of the summing up of Mr. Justico Metcalfe,
tho trial judgo in tho Russell case,
and tbo verdict rendered on tho
seven counts of tho indictment
charging seditious conspiracy agninst
eight men, arrested as a result of
tho Winnipeg strike.
WUl Have Legal Opinion
One of the best constitutional
lawyers in tho city of Winnipeg
has boen briefed for tho purposo of
giving his" judicious opinion ou tho
matter. Labor mon of all shades of
opinion are apparently unnnimous in
thnt by tho decision'in thc Russell
caso, all labor's rights have boon
ruthlessly undermined. Added to
tho legal consideration, there is nlso
thc bitter feeling amongst the members of the rank and file of thc organizations that went; on strike,
thnt if Russell bc guilty for having
carried out their instructions, they
arc also equally guilty, if not moro
Cement Labor from Coast to Coast
By means of this convention Winnipeg labor hopes to bo nblo to cement together in ono vast volumo of
protest the voice of labor from
ooast to coast. On all sides can bo
found the grim determination that
tlie matter shall not rest until Russell is free.
Report to Be Published Broadcast
It ib intended that tho account of
the convention shall bo publishod
broadcast, so that labor cast and
west will be ablo to road, mark,
loarn and inwardly digest just what
the Winnipeg trials moan to labor
of this eountry.
Shipyard Laborers
Tho eloction of ofllcors and other
important inntters will take place
at the regular meeting of the Shipyard Laborers Union this (Friday)
ovoning in thc Labor Temple.
Force Concessions From
Italian Government and
Are After More
(By the  Federated  Press)
Home—Two fundamental concessions, paving the way for the
abolition of monarchisin in tbis
country, have already been forced
upon Premier Nittl through the
united, uction of the Socialist bloc
of more than 1B0 members of the
new parliament.
The first of these abolishes the
oath of allegiance to the king,
heretofore required of members of
parliament. The second deprives
the king of tbe right to declare
war, reserving it exclusively to
So far-reaching are these reforms, to which the premcir has
committed himself as the only alternative to a Socialist cabinet,
that a radical transformutiun of
the Italian constitution will take
The Socialist bloc, behind which
also stands the General Confederation of Labor, Is making the abolition of the censorship its next
objective. A few weeks ago lt succeeded in preventing the uso of
fedoral troops to break a strike in
Will Hold Mass Meeting to
Express Disapproval
of Sentence
At the regular meeting of the
Vancouver Metal Trades Council,
hold in the Labor Temple on Wednesday evening,-the delegates from
the Boilermakers Union Introduced.
a resolution, from their union, calling for a mass meeting to bo held
Suritiay week In some local theatre,
for the purpose of formulating a
protest against the Injustice of the
sentence of R. B. Russell of Winnipeg. The resolution was unanimously adopted, and a committee
struck off -to make the necessary
arrangements. A majority of the
delegates present spoko on the
subject, and it was the general
concensus of opinion that all the
trivial differences between the O.
B. U. and the International organizations should bc laid aside,
and ' an whole-hearted support
given to making the protest one
that the powers that be could not
very well Ignore.
Appeal Against Sentence
Now Being Heard in
Winnipeg, Jan. 8.—The appellate court upheld the crown In the
appeal case of It. B. Russell today, insofar as count one is concerned.
Chief Justice Perdue said he
could see nothing vague in tbe
first count of the twenty-eight-
page indictment against the strike
leaders, which Mr. Cassidy contended was general and not specified because It mentioned a seditious intention without attributing
It to anyone. Indications point to
several days of argument, because
the defense hud only begun on its
first point when the court adjourn.
od for the noon recess. Arguments
are largely on technical points of
Roasons for appeal: The indictment is general and not specific.
The eight men should have been
tried together, because they were
indicted together, this would give
the defense thirty-two challenges,
four for each accused^ With the
trials split Russell should have
been given twenty-eight challenges
four on each of the seven counts in
tbe indictment. Prospective jurors
should have been allowed to say
whethor the general strike last
spring caused them nnd monetary
loss. Documentary evidenoe produced against Russell, whloh bad
no association wtih him. Accused
wns not permitted to put In evidence tu show that the Striko aud
its continuance were nol intentions
of thc accused, but that on the
contrary he triod to stop It", Evidence of the strike and alleged unlawful acts committed during ita
progress should not have bcen
admitted against accused. Overt
acts woro put in the form to lead'
one to suppose they were thc sub-
stunco of the charge. Mr. Justice
Metcalfe's Instructions on this
point after his long dissertation to
the jury would have been alright
If they had been made at tbe beginning of his charge.
Resolution, speeches and acts in
the labor organizations' meetings
come under the protection of the
law as they are the result of a lawful trade combination as defined by
statute. Evidence of public meetings which was entirely irrelevant
to tho charge was admitted.
Wrong interpretations were placed
on some of the evidence by the
judge In his charge to the Jury.
The question of who Js to pay for
the prosecution also may be argued. The defense alleges that the
prosecution Is not being paid for
by the provincial government,
therefore lt is Illegal.
The question wos raised by tbo
defense as it ctosed its case before
Mr. Justice Metcalfe. At that time
Hon. Thomas Johnson, attorney
general was not allowed to answer
questions put to bim by Mr. Cassidy.
Did you ever try to rustle a sub.t
If not, why nott
Tom Mann Says Workers
. Only Need One
"Some of you present are unemployed, and-have not received any
wages. It is up to you to take the
matter in hand."
So said Mr. Tom Mann, general
socretary of the A. S. E., speaking
at Coventry.
' The workers today he proceeded,
did not receive one-half of what
they produced. They should get
an increase in wages and a short-
ago of hours.
It was the duty of trade unloife
to eo-operate for common action,
and they could take common action
of a Very effective kind.
They were prepared to relieve
the employers of "the heavy .responsibility." that they aald now
fell upon them.
TUe various trade unions should
pool £yerything. They should not
havejjlD unions, or 40, or 10—they
ohly needed one.
The meoting concluded with loud
cheers for Mr. .Mann and the singing of the "Red Flag."
Arrested Member Reads
Constitution to Jury-
No Indictment
In view of the Criminal Syndicalist Law and other enactments
of the United States against radical Labor organizations, the following news received from a correspondent in Los Angeles Is quite
Los Angeles, Cal.,
January Had, 1920.
V. R. Midgley,
Vancouver, B. C.
D^at_' Comrade:
.Things here have'taken quite a
ihimge lately. We have a com-
niftttj:riaiiied Gray don that was arrested with an O. II. U. card on
hiiri.,' lie was held on $26,000 ball,
whkjh- was afterwards reduoed to
.SlG.MlO, which his brothor furn-
islied after laying in jail for four
(iaVsj,"v He was brought before the
grh«!t Jury to be indicted, being
qhW^ed with huving an I. W. W.
cav<£ which he denied. He read
bur constitution to thc grand Jury,
and ^explained to them the exact
worlfiliigs of the O. B. U., with tho
result that the grand jury refused
to return nn indictment, and held
that;, the forking plan of our organisation was absolutely legal.
Hiv bow is going to start a Ubel
spit .figanlst thc newspapers for
stating that he was found with an
I..W* W. caTd (wblch is a felony
tn thi' stale). Ue wll) also start
auits -a*, \ii\si tho district attorney
and the city for false imprisonment, no warrant or complaint
liiivlng  been  issued.
Now about the organization
Work here. Sinco this comrade
has been released, there Is all kinds
of opportunity for building up a
largo' organization, and I would
like -to hoar froni you, and have
you suggest how to go ahead nnd
take care of onr membership, and
whnt to do with the hundreds of
men that are very anxious to join
with us.
The charter of Carmen No. 644,
hftp been taken away by the ln-
tei'natoinal officers, and thc local
president has lost bis card for belonging to tbe O. B. U.
Hoping to hear from you by return, mall, 1 remain,
Record in Jury Panels Is
Made at Winnipeg for
Labor Trials
Labor  Much  Concerned
and Questions Motive
of the Prosecution
(From Onr Own Correspondent)
Winnipeg, Jan. 2, 1920—The jurors for tho adjourned Fall Assizes of
thc Court of Kind's Bench, Eastern
Judicial District, Province ( of
Manitoba, have now boen empanelled, thero being over two hundred
and fifty names appearing. This
constitutes a record in tho history
of tho judiciary of Manitoba, being
the largest panel by far, greater
than that called for the trial of
tho Hoblin ministry and Contractor
Tom Kolly, or oven of thc recently
adjourned' assizes, there boing, in
both instances, a round hundred
It has been usual in times past to
strike off a panel of around 48 or
50, this being exceeded in the caso
of the assizos at whioh thc provincial ministers were trod. There is
much speculation abroad as to thc
purpose of calling bo large a panel,
comment in labor circles going ao
far as to indicate in no uncertain
manner that, in so far as labor is
concerned, it conceives it to be a
del borate attempt on the part o£
the Crown to have sufficient Jurors
for the forthcoming trials of thc
strike leaders as to easily exhaust
all possible challenges for the defense, and thus leave the field for
the Crown counsel to pick and
choosti according to their fanoy.
At any rato, the incident is
unique in tho history of Manitoba
law practice, as the docket for tho
adjourned ass'zes Is muck smaller
than at any average assize.
Coughlan Will Speak
J. J. Coughlan, of Coughlan's
shipyard, has asked permission to
address the next meeting of the
Metul Trades Council. The council granted tbe permission, and i
moeting will be arranged for next
Wednesday evening in the Labor
The wage dispute between the
Dominion Coal Co. and the miners
of Nova Scotia, haa not yet been
Gibson's Heights Heipr,
A benefit danco for the defonse
fund was held recently at Gibson's
Heights, B. C, and aftor paying all
oxponses the sum of $5.15 was forwarded to tho dofenso committee.
O. M. O'Brien Arrested
Amongst those arrested In thc
rtcent arrests of Rods in tho land
of democracy to tbo south of us,
Was Charles M. O'Brien, at one
time mo in ber of tbo Alberta Provincial legislature, Charley was
arrested at Rochester, N. Y.
Marine Engineers
All marine engineers (gas or
steam) arc requested to attond a
meeting to bo hold ia Itnom 301 of
the Labor Temple tbis evening (Friday) at 7:30 p.m. to take up important matters dealing wttk this
trade. As this concerns all marine
engineers it is suggested that you
make it a part of your business to
notify others of tho meeting.
Taking Their Places in the
World of Labor on
(By tho Federated Press)
Moscow—Womon who are assuming Important positions in thc
development of the industrial life
of Russia, are filling their places
with  signal  efficiency.
One of thc largest factories In
Moscow, formerly Poliakoff & Co.
has on its works committee three
women, ono of them manager of
thc concern. Everywhere factories
have been obliged to stop production for lack of raw material and
fuel, but her factory has boon able
to work constantly. The factory
hns attached to it a dining room, a
nursery, ond a. school, and meetings and concerts take place at
frequent intervals. The workors
all live in healthy and comfortable tenements.
Another factory, the great confectionery worlts, which formerly
belonged to Sioux A Co., also has
at Its head throe women wbo are
respectively president, secretary,
nud treasurer of the works committoe. The factory lias a school,
a good library and reading room,
and carries on courses of lectures
and musical Instruction.
Mr. J. E. Bird Say|
****** ******     ****** ******.';
Believes Russell Innocent
Council  for Defense Reviews Winnipeg Trial at
Trades Council Meeting; in Two-Hour Address
Comments on Russell's Ability and Sincerity
To ah audience that taxed the«he launched Into his subject and
Popular Sport of "Hunting Reds"
******      ******      ******      ******    ******      ******      ******      ******
Likely to Be Extended to Canada
FOLLOWING in Father's'footsteps seems to bc the popular pltSfimc oi' the Dominion Government, Father being the United
States Government. Having adopted V, S. A. methods in "settling" strikes by the use of the courts and the arrest of
the chosen spokesmen of labor. And now that wc have had thc use of decisions of the courts of that great democracy to
thc south of lis, in cases where men arc charged with crimes of sedition, it is only natural that there should bc more extensions to thc popular sport The Federationist has learned from good authority at Ottawa, that the police or police agents, or
anybody having police authority throughout tho. country, have received instructions from the Dominion Government, to secure thc names of all persons having pale pink, red, or crimson political viows. Thc next step in thc game now so popular, and
the tunc of which is called by thc financial interests of this country,- which are really American interests, will no doubt be the
arrest of thc most "dangerous" members of the working class. The degree of "dangerous" will bc determined by thc amount
of knowledge the respective individuals will have of the present skin game of capitalism. The future is fraught with great and
interesting developments of the game, which is the suppression ci thc truth as to thc position of thc working class. Let thc
merry game go on. Lay on McDuff. The worst is yot to come* and thc end is not yet, but those high in authority arc certainly blind as to the trend of modern events. They will walk blindfolded into thc inevitable result of repression, and forceful
methods of suppressing the truth as to the world situation, whioh only the Socialists can explain. They fear only the truth.
Upon their heads rest the result^ not on the wtkeii.
capacity of the largest hull In the
Labor Temple, Mr. J. E. Bird, of
Bird, Macdonald ft Co., solicitors,
etc., of this city, who has been
aslsstlng fn the defense of R. 6.
Bussell at Winnipeg, in an address
last night of over 2 hours, reviewed the trial and the events that
led up to It. His reference to Bus-
sell's manliness, and his demeanor
In the court all through the trial
brought forth considerable applause, as did his references to the
other men„who are on trial. A
noticeable feature was the absence
of press representatives at the
press table,- at all regular meetings of the council the press is
represented, this making lt all the
more noticeable when it was well
known that Mr. Bird was to address this meeting. At the commencement of the meeting President Midgley announced that as
Mr. Bird was to speak, the regular business of the council would
be dealt with at the close ot the
After Mr. Bird had atated that
he was pleased to see such a gathering, as It showed the " Interost
the working people took In the
Russell case, and that during the
strike In Winnipeg the police had
nothing to do until June the 17th,
Daily Press Accounts of
the Reds Are Very
The attention of the workers in
Canada lately bits been drawn to
the campaign by tbo American
government against thc radical element, or the "Reds," ns a blatant
and vicious dally press is pleased
to call them.
Now, the average man, at the
present time, and as a direct result of existing economic conditions, is undoubtedly becoming
radical, but he docs not care to
bc addressed as a "Red," The
reason for this is because the activities of thc "Beds" have been'
presented to him in such an unfavorable light from pulpit, press
and platform.
An enquiry Into tho position of
tbe Sociulist Party of Canada,
however, will very soon convince
him as to where he belongs, and
also give him an uiiderstafdlng ns
to the actions of the ruling class in
their campaign against the "Hods."
Tbe opportunity of bearing Chas.
Lestor at the Kmpress theatre next
Sunday night should not be missed
by any man of radical thought.
Meeting begins at 8 p.m. Questions and discussion after tbe address. To get a good seat come
"Labor" will be the subject of a
lecture on economics by Professor
T. H. Boggs of the Department of
Economics, University of British
Columbia, to be delivered at tbe
Brotberhood House, 233 Abbott
Street, on Wednesday, January
14, at 8 p.m.
British Labor Defeats
Former Secretary of
Home Affairs
London.—.Sir John Simon, former
secretary for homo affnirs, Liberal
candidate i'or Ihe House of Commons
in 1 lie Hpcn Valley by-elcciion, hns
been defented by Tom MyorB, Ihe
labor candidate.
Tho returns of llic election, whicli
was held Decembor -0, show tho following rcHtilts:
Myers, 11,032; Sir John Simon, 10,-
244; Col. Bryan Fairfax, Coalitionist
Liberal, 8,134.
Evon thc most fervent supporters
of (be labor party did nol forsoc
such a victory, although prepared
for a biff poll after the recent elections hnd shown the unsuspected
strength of iheir adherents in overy
pnri uf lho I'outilry, even in the most
purely agricultural districts.
The turnover of voles hns bcen
very hoavy on every occasion whoro
Lnliorito litis entered thc reeent
by-elections. Tho laborites dn the
Spen Valley increased the poll from
8,508 to 11,962, while in Plymouth
(he laboritc vole rose from 5..'i£4 to
!),292, Ami at Burtholme from 2,0Sfi
to 6,412. At Bromley, where hitherto
there had been no labor candidate,
in tho late bv-oleclion the labor candidate polled 10,077, nnd at St. Albans, a laboritc) malting a bid for a
formerly uncontested scat, got 8,800
During thc election enmpaign,
Ramsay McDonald had tho following to stiy in the Glasgow Forward,
which spcnltft fur itself:
"Onc would think, judging by the
nowspapers, that Ihoro wns no labor
fight being put up in Spcn Valley,
and lhat tlio only issue of tho election was how a squabble between
Iwo sections of tho Liberal pnrty
was to bo sottled. We have hod
great meetings in the constituency,
but hardly a line in the press records
thcir triumphs. We need not troublo
very much, bb on tho eloction itself
this will have only a good effect." ,
said, in part, aa follows:
1 have been asked to make a rfe-"
port In regard to proceeding! lit .
Winnipeg,   against    the    alleged
strike leaders.
The charge against the defendants !• a oharge ot seditious con-.
spiracy. It will probably go down
In the records of the history of
Labor aa one of *b*9 most important state trials ever held In Canada. It Is a state trial inasmuch
as the offence la alleged to hate
been committed, not aa against Individuals, but as against the state,
the Dominion of Canada Itself. ■ ■
*  Definition of Sedition     , \
Now, I, do not propose to go into
any legal discussion ln regard to
sedition. It is aa offence under
our Criminal Cod* section 134,
which says:
"That everyone is guilty of an
Indictable offence and liable to
two years' imprisonment who
speaks any seditious words or publishes any seditious libel, or Is: a
party tp a seditious conspiracy."
Now, "sedition" is not defined
in the Code. '   '
Section 132 says, that'seditious
words are words expressive of seditious intention. We have to look
to the common law of England, the
Judge made law, to 'find a definition of sedition. '
"A seditions Intention is an intention to bring into "hatred or
contempt or to excite dissatisfac-
toin against the person of His Majesty or tho government and constitution of Canada or either
House of Parliament or the administration of Justice;" or "to excite
His Majesty's subjects to attempt
to procure otherwise than by lawful means the alteration of any
matter in church or state by law
establishes," or "to cause discontent or disaffection amongst His
Majesty's subjects," or "to promote
feelings of ill-will or hostility between different classes of such subjects."
The Indictment
The indictment preferred by the
grand jury oJl Winnipeg In Novem-
ber against eight defendants Is a
document of great length, requiring exactly 05 minutes of the
court's time to read It. It occupies tbe full eight columns of the
daily paper solidly printed. it
contains seven counts; six counts
dealing exclusively with seditious
conspiracy and one count of creating-a common nuisance.
Common Nuisance
This count of a common nuisance Is laid under another section
of tbe code, section 222, wblch
says "that any one is guilty of an
indictable offence and liable to one
year's Imprisonment or a fin*, who
commits any common nuisance
which endangers the lives, safety
or health of the public, or whieh
occasions injury to the person of
any individual."
Dealing first with the charges of
conspiracy, the first count contains
tt statement alleging as against the
defendant all the necessary Ingredients to constitute seditious conspiracy. Where I have read the
elements with the word "or," the
Crown has alleged all these elements with the word "and," and
have charged the defendants, and
each of them, with having committed all these things that can
come within the definition above.
The second and third counts repeat the same charge with varying
language, charging the defendants with having planned the conspiracy and alleging that at the
Walker theatre and later the Majestic theatre in Winnipeg, follow-,
id by tbe meeting of the Western
Labor conference at Calgary. The
B. C. Federation of Labor, United
Mine Workers of America, the formation of the O. B. V., the issuing
of propaganda fn connection therewith, and ndoption of the tactics
of the Socialist Party of Canada,
nud the circulation of seditious
letters and pamphlets, all were
part of tbe seditious conspiracy
ltusscll Chosen as Test Case
Mr. Bird then went on to give a
picture of the court room, with its.
marble corridors, etc., aud general
air of splendor. He described jn
detail the trial Judge, and the de-
(Continued on page 8)
International Unions Take
Up Cudgel on Behalf
of Russell
The Alberta Federation 0f Labor convention now In session at.
Calgary has appointed a committoe, on thu motion of Alex Boss.
M.P.P., to take up the -subject of
tho advisability of calling a- general striko as a protest agninst
the conviction of R, B. Russell.
The eonvention is composed of Internntionnl Union delegates to tho
number of about 70, this number
is reduced from that of lost year
(over 200) owing to tho split between tho O.' B. U. and the International Unions. As a result of the
Winnipeg trial tho convention has-
also gone on record as favoring
thc abolition of "stool pigeons"
by the Dominion police. Alex Ross,
M.L.A., tbe mover of the resolution, claimed that there were 1,000
such mea ln the employ of the
police. PAGE TWO
..January 9, 192
Clearance Sale
$30.00 Heavy-Weigjit Vulcanized Tweed      A| f* aa
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Vest of Eng-
$50.00 Genuine Indigo-Dyed Pure Wool, West of England, Navy Blue Serge
Arnold & Quigley
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546 Granville Street
Free Delivery
Park Md Beana,  8 for  260
fin-dines,   8  for ..,...; 260
Larue   Tine   Tomatoei,   per   tin... 20c
Small Tins' Tomatoes, per tin 190
Nabob Tea, onlr, per lb -65c
flliter's Tm. only, per lb. ....60c
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. SO*
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb.56e
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire   Bacon,   per
lb - &&t
Bator's Sliced Boneless Roll, lb 46c
Sweet Oranges, per dos.  ...46c
- Cream of Wheat, per pkt 26«
Puffed Wheat, per.pkt.  20o
Heiai Tomato Soup, 3 for ...fiOo
Slater'a    Fnmoua    A'lierta    Freak
Churned    Creamery    Butter -,^-
fiatnrday only, 3 lbt. ..,-...$0.85
Limit, six pounds.       '
Oet eat price   oil   Flour   before
you buy.  '■■      ■ •   ' ■ -- '■ ••■
Albert* Cooking Eggs   dos .BBc
Alberta Fresh Eggs, doz ,78b
.Fineit Pure Lard, 3 lbs. for .760
Finest Compound Lard, 3 Ibl 660
Onions, 9 lbi.  for ..... 26*
Carrots,  8 lbi. for ,...„., ...26a
•Peanut -Butter,  per' lb." _..*. 26c
No. 1 Stee> Rolled Roast, lb. 25c
No.  I  Steer Pot  Boast,    from,    pi
Fineit Sugar-cured Boneleaa RolU
—Regular 51a per lb. Saturday
only, per lb  ...„...46ViiC
No. 1 Steer Oven Roast,   from,   per
lb ..... - Mo
Finest Belllig Beef,  from,  lb ISO
Pork,    abouldera,    regular    35e,
. Saturday only, per lb 26V|C
Finest Beef Fat, per lb .300
Fineat Beef Dripping, per 11). 1.......3BO
Clark's Pork and Beans, large tins 300
Finest Macaroni, 3 for 25a
Heini Tomato Ketchup  „ .26c
Libby's Tomato Soup 15c ■
Vbb Camp's Tomato Soap 16c
Flneet CUmi, 2 for „.._ 86c
Apple-Straw berry Jam, large tia -85c
Apple-Raspberry Jam, large tin ....86c
Grated Pineapple, 3 for 4fic
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"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting tbe O. B, U. and all progressive
Labor policies,
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0, Box 1508, Calgary, Alberta
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
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Vancouver, B. C.
You're Never Limited
As to Choice When
You Make It Goodwin's for Shoes
And that means, too, that you're not confined
to certain sizes. We make a feature of fitting
people who have difficulty in getting suitable
shoes elsewhere. The New Year—1920—still
finds us selling the BEST footwear at any stated
Goodwin Shoe Co.
Early Ballots Indicate Big
Majorities in Favor of
New Movement
Important Statement Is
Made   by   Miners'
[By W. Francis Ahern]
Somo time ago the Australian
Coal and Shale Federation Employees Association—which covers
nil miners in Australia, with the
exception of metalliferous miners
—decided to take ballots on three
important questions. These were,
whether the miners favored a six*
hour bank to bank day in preference to the eight-hour bank to
bank system, whether they favored) the abolition of the contract
system of wages or payment on
tonnage hewn, and whether they
favored joining tho One Big Union,
Balloting took 'place on theae
three questions during the first
week of December, and at the time
this mall left Australia, the flrst
.progress reports were to hand,
They were as follows: 'J-
Northern    District    (New    South
Wales: Yes     No
.Six-hour  working  day. 4^60
Abolition    of    contract .
system   .8744
Joining One Big Union.3067
Southern   District   (New   South
Six-hour working  day. 2205
Abolition    of    contract
system ,,.. 18S4
Joining One Big Union.1677
Broken Hill District (New South
Wales:.   •
Six-hour working day. 1721       81
Abolition    of    contract
system  1438     418
Joining Ons Big Union.1678     248
The figures for these districts are
incomplete, while there are figures
yet to come in from the Western
District (New South Wales), and
from the other Australian States of
Queensland, Victoria and Tasmania.
Commenting on the result of the
ballot, as far as it was disclosed,
Mr. A. C. Willis (secretary of the
Coal and Shale Federation), said
that as far as the One Big Union
question was concerned, the Miners Union would proceed to organize the mining department of the
O. B. U. This would include all
miners, whether In coal, shale, metalliferous, coke and smelter workers, and all those in any way connected with the mining industry,
The department, when fully organized, would have a membership
of at least 50,000.
The miners of Australia have
started on a campaign of the
mines for the people, and worked
In the interests of the people, and
not for the exclusive proflt of the
coal barons.
The Mines for the People
ThiB Is tho statement Issued by
the president of the Australian
Coal and Shale Employees Federation, who has been actively campaigning amongst the various miners lodges on the matter. At all
meetings of the miners, the constitution of the One Big Union waa
explained by the president (Mr. J,
Baddey), who said, in part: "With
the principles of the One Big
Union, we are in perfect accord,
but we think we should put our
own house in order and organize
our department of the O. B. U.
There has been mnch discussion on
tho question or arbitration by our
executive, as to Its Inclusion in the
constitution. We do not ask you
to accept arbitration, but as it Is in
our constitution, it is right that
you should be consulted before lt
is altered. '
"Aa you know, we have got
agreements without arbitration.
If you carry the O. B. U. ballot in
the affirmative, we will go right
ahead and link up with the other
departments of the O. B. U. when
they are formed. We have got to
get colliery clerks, mechanics, deputies, shotfirers, carpenters, in
fuct all workers In the collieries,
into the One Big Union,
"Today tlie proprietors tell ns:
lf we give you miners an increase,
we will have all the other unions
making the same demands. We
should consolidate our forces, and
in a body get justice tor every
worker in the industry. When we
get an Increase ln wuges, and allow lt to be passed on to the public, we are deliberately bolstering
up the system that robs our fellow workers as well as ourselves.
We should look for a higher ideal.
We can never be contented while
we are being exploited.
"It Is no good going to tho owners and demanding a six-hour day.
They will only pass the cost on to
the public, in increased price of
coal. We must not act in collusion with them as we have done
in the past. We must fight out as
brother miners in the Great Brituin and tho United States are
fighting—for the abolition of private ownership of the mines. Coal
production must ceaso being a
process of exploitation of the
many for the benefit of the few.
They must bti owned by tho people
and worked in tho interests of the
Not Stnte Ownership
"I- do not mean owned by the
Stute, for what Is simply management for tho capitalists, who are
tho real beneficiaries who receive
interest on thoir investment in
state bonds, If the miners operated the mines for the benefit of
themselves, they would eliminate
tho present wasteful process of
management und marketing. Today we flnd the colliery owners
uro also the ship owners, and the
railway owners. They are ablB to
increase the price of coal by passing ln on through their other holdings so that by the timo the coal
reaches the public, th* extra cost
Ik enormous,   Tho miners must or-
The Mind War
(By B. Koustum Bek in The Nation)°menta tbe Allies not only declined
When two or moro counMes -are
bound by a military alliaaR, thoy
must act in war as ono {lighting
body in ordpr to attain arflofinite
common end. If only the smallest
disngreerocnt arises betweon the
allied armies, the defeat of berth is
likely. Harmony in uction w all
technical units, as woll as tho cooperation and co-ordination of diplomacy, is tm indiHpeusablo'>condition, without whicli a final victory
is impossible. This principlo,
knowlodgcd by all strategists, has
been verified in the World War.
Unfortunately for the Allies, thero
wua anything but unanimity in the
reactionary coalition which undertook armed intervention in Buasia.
Tho constant vacillation of Allied
diplomacy after the Novembor rovolution in 1917 paralyzed the strute-
fry of tho military leaders. The At-
ied governments looked on these
operations as of secondary inipo^
tance; their attention was concentrated on Bolshevism, but not on
the Bolshoviki and their growing
military strength, Tho Allies became
so alarmed at the spreading of
"Bolshevist" ideas in their
spoctive countries that they bogan
vigorously to fight alleged "Bolshevism" at home, while the Bolsheviki in Bussia gained time to organizo their strength. There was
no attompt at a serious investiga-
tion of the political situation in
Bussia. The interested governments
tried to guess at it, looking through
thc spectacles of their old-fashioned
officials, and consequently they
underestimated the revolutionary
spirit of the Bussian nation. Trotzky
was scorned and mocked alike by
Bussian military refugees and by
tho British War Office. Even Franco,
a country with revolutionary expo
riences, refused to believo that
Trotzky would over bo able to form
a force strong enough to resist thc
invasion of Bussia by a well-organ-
izfld counter-revolutionary army
supported by all the Great Powers
of Europe, America, and Japan.
Instead of organizing a strongly
united coalition, the Allies from the
ilrst disagreed in regard to tho
steps to be taken toward Bussia and
in their respective political aims.
France desired to see a strong,
united Bussia, and a powerful, independent Poland as a buffer stato
between Russia and Gormany; whilo
Groat Britain favored the - disintegration of the former Bussian Empire into several small, powerless
statos, thus preventing tho long-
pending menace to India. The Jnpaneso designs upon Siberia created a
certain anxiety in America-, which
hesitated to favor those designs; It
was a public secret at the "moment
when England was in favor' of
Japanese intervention in Siberia,
the United States opposed it. After
long discussion, it was finally" decided to create an Allied front in
Bussia, for the announced purposo
of preventing the Bolsheviki from
joining with tho Germans.- Thus
the invasion of Russia, was undertaken without declaration of war.
A movement of purely strategical
charactor, the war against Bussia
was begun without a serious reconnaissance, except for information
collected from Ignorant British
agents and business men returnod
from Bussia, as well as from Bussian
refugees, mostly members of the
old regime, who anticipated peraonal
advantage from armed intervention.
Thero was ho seriously prepared
military plan for this gigantic campaign. Tho officers and men of tho
expeditionary forces wero not oven
told whom thoy were going to fight.
In tho beginning, it was said that
thoy were going against the Germans in Buss;a, and later that their
enemy would bo the Bolsheviki, who
wero describod by tho press as undisciplined band of cut-throats, murderers, robberB, and looters. A fow
reasonable mon who know tho real
situation In Bussia tried to draw
the attention of the British War
Office to the fact that such an invasion of Bussia was an impossibility.
Tho famous Napoleonic .doctrine
that strategy toloratos no uncertain
or half-measuros was ignorod. Consequently, thore was neither strategical intelligence in the Bussian adventure nor political determination.
The British General Staff was not
acquainted either with the topography of Bussia, or with the ethnographical and historical characteristics
of tho country. Russia was less
known to tho English officers geographically than Suhara.
In normal circumstances, strategy
prepares its plans of campaign and
selectfl its objectivo after being
fully informed by the diplomatists
about their politicnl aims; and while
to recognize Kolchak, but even announced their intention of withdrawing thcir troops and catting
off Kolchak's auppliei,
Waging this blind war against
Soviet Bussia, the short-sighted
Allied politicians for moro than a
fiscal year failed to realize that the
Reds had undor arms not fewer than
two million men well equipped and
splendidly drilled men; that there
wero about one million additional in
training; that within two years the
Soviet officers' training corps had
supplied the army with 40,000 young
officers from tho working and pons-
ant class. They also ignored the
fact that Bussian industry, which
had been enormously increased during the war with Germany, though
insufficient for a population of 180,-
000,000, could easily supply all the
needs of an army of eight millions,
without any outsido holp, and that
tho inexhaustible resources of raw
materials were sufficient for all
needs. They exaggerated the significance of the proposed blockado
of Kuasla. forgetting that the army
of an agricultural country cannot bo
starved by blockade, and that the
blockade therefore only brings useless sufferings upon tho peacoful
citizons of the industrial centres.
They refused to soe that armed intervention and blockade together
could do nothing but increase the
national spirit of the population,
and thus strengthen the party which
controlled tho governmont.
The political situation was mixed
in the minds of the Allies in a jumble of uncomprehended terms. Allied statesmen would not understand
that the Bolsheviki were a political
party, «nd that thoy alone were
able to save Bussia from' anarchy
and to unite the Soviets in ono federated republic. They did not
realize that with timo tho oxtreme
revolutionary aggressiveness of tho
Bolshevist Government must pass
through transformation, and that
consequently the Soviets might become a govornment acceptable to
Europe; or that the circumstances
of tho French Bepublic, the birth of
which met with the samo hostility,
might bo repeated.. Exaggeration
and "anti-Bolshevik" propaganda
by means of the most hideous and
stupid lies confused the diplomacy
of tho Allies, as misinformation .concerning the military sitaution
wrecked their strategy. Thoy un-
dorestihiated, also, the working-class
sentiment in their own countries,
which on sevoral occasions interfered with thoir strategical plans
for the Bupply of munitions and the
dispatch of reinforcements. From
tho military point of viow in goneral, tho anti-Bolshevist forces in
Russia wcro defeated chiefly becauso they failed to support one anothor in time, thnnks to tho lack of
unity among their commanders in
the flrst and most important stage
of the first campaign.
Kolchak, for instance, having underestimated tho real strength and
the military valuo of tho Soviot
army, started Ms first offensive
much to early. Denikin, on the
othor hand, was not fully prepared
for a general advance, and was thus
unablo to rescue the army of Kol-
-chak after its •debacle at Perm, west
of tho Ural Mountains. Similarly,
General Judenitch was unable to resume the long-promised attack on
Potrograd, because of tho hesitation
of Finland, the Baltic statos, and
Poland. This attack, should have
been undertaken at the moment
when Kolchak's ormy, constantly
pursued by tho noomy, had boen
pushed buck to Omsk and practical
ly annihilated. t
Denikin succocdcd in penetrating
as far north as Orel, and seriously
threatened tho industrial centre of
Soviot Russia—tho town of Ttrtft,
Thore ho was suddenly chocked, defeated, and deprived of the initiative. He could not count upon any
reliof from any source. The northern invasion of the Archangel-
Murmansk front had already beon
brought to a standstill and recognized as a failure by tho Allies
themselves. Denikin's situation
henceforth becamo critical. The
Ukrainians suddenly turned againBt
him, thus threatening his rear and
left flank, and a serious revolutionary
movemenet began far in his rear,
menacing the naval bases through
which he was supplied by the Allies.
Tho front which Denikin covers
with his army now presents a line
of 750 to 800 miles, from Bcridiehev,
southwest of Kiev, on the west, and
Tsaritsin. on the Volga, on tho
east. Throe separate columns of
Denikin's forces aro .now retreating
in order to avoid encirclement by
the advancing enemy. Tho western
column, after fierce fighting for
Borcbdichev, is fulling back to the
Australian Trades Unionists in North Take
accomplishing its plan by means of .south on the   Biver   Bug   toward
arms, depends upon   constant   and | Odessa; the central column, defeat-
strong    support    from    diplomacy.
During tho invasion of Russia tho
strategy of tho Russo-Allied forces
was wrecked by tho contradictory
uims of Allied diplomacy. It will bo
remembered at how many times and
at what  important strategical mo-
guntze and fight for the mines, for
the people. We should linte-jill Internationally with the minpra of
Great Britain, Canada andi.the
United States, and so prevenhftho
coal miners in any one country; being used against the coal; miners
of another." ( rtc
Miners and die One Big:[Union
At the time of writing, the talking of the ballot on the question
of linking with the One Bljf«Vi»ion
is just about completed, nn* ftom
advance reports to hand, it instated that the question will bei Answered in the affirmative by,a large
majority. Contrary to expectations, the miners of Austra^jare
plumping wholo-heartedly tor the
One Big Union, -••<-:■■
The Victorian Railway Union
lias also carried the ballot taken
on the question of linking with the
One Big Union by a substantial
majority. This is an important
organization, comprising the railway men of the State of Victoria,
tho socond most populated State
in Australia. /
Several other Australian unions
have also carried ballots in favor
of the One Big Union. Active organization work is being carried pu
by tho O. B. U. organizers, and
whilo for a time mutters wero
somewhat quiet in regard to the
spreading of tlie O. 13. U. doctrine,
efforts are being made to styrt a
vigorous campaign In tho near
ed at Orel, is retreating along both
sides of the Kursk-Kharkov railway
on Kharkov; the eastern column of
Goneral Baron Wrungcl is still holding tho fortified position around
Tsaritsin. These threo groups maintain communication by means of
cavalry Cossacks, wliich compose
half of Denikiu's forces. Winter
and bad roads havo reduced the
valuo of cuvalry by forty por cont.
Douikin has no strategical reservos.
The Rods have concentrated
against IDcnilcin an army preponderant in men and in artillery, and
during tho last six weeks have advanced in tho centre to a depth of
about 130 miloB. They hold tho section of tho middle Don to Kaclialin-
skaia (west of Tsaritsin) and havo
thus entirely separutod the forces of
Baron Wrankel - from the central
column. Tho Rods lator captured
Roniny and Sumi, southwest of
Kursk, in the triangle Kiov, Kursk,
Kharkov, and after a fierce ten
days' battle took Biclgorod, north
of Kharkbv, moving their divisions
from Ostrogojsk on tho Elver Don
in a southwesterly direction. It has
thus become clear that their main
strategical objectivo in this theatro
is Kharkov, which is tho koy of all
South Russia, because it is tho Junction af tho most important railway
lines and is linked in communication with prnctically all tho industrial centres of Russia. The Soviot
armies havo simultaneously attacked
both fianka of tho enemy in ordor
to prevont the sending of reinforcements to the central column, which
is in a desperate position, because
Poltava, southwest of Kharkov,
lOkntcrinoslav to the southwest,
Alexandrovsk to thc soutli, and Taganrog to tho southeast have for
a considerable t'me been in tho
hands of the Beds, finis making tho
retreat of the central Denikin army
Demand That They Shall
Have Say in Choice
of Government
Mention has been made ln theie
columns previously how the people
of the northern terirtory ol AuB'
tralla—which Is 100 per cent,
unionized—not beinr satisfied with
the way the governor was handing
out "democracy" there, ordered
him to leave the Oovernment
Houst at Port Darwin (Northern
Territory). Having horse sense
enough to appreciate the feelings
of the peoplo, the governor needed
no second telling. The Australian
government attempted to show
some opposition, and sent a war
ship along to restore "law and or
der," but the men of the navy did
not appear willing to do the "law
and order"' business, so nothing
was done.
It was thought that the Australian government would have tried
to meet the wishes of the people
in some way by giving them some
form of government more in keep,
ing with what they desired, and
less ln keeping with British Crown
Colony methods. However, it set
about putting up another admin,
istration so near to that instittued
by the dismissed governor as possible.
Clear Thom but
Unable to stand tlie business
any longer, the people ef the Northern Territory decided ,last October, to clear out the whole bureaucratic gung. They sent a deputation along to the administrator
(Carey) the judge (Seven) and
the seoretary (Evans) that their
absence vould be welcomed. The
o.licials made some demur about
quitting their jobs, but the people
then made it plain that they
would have to go. Moreover,
there was a steamer there at the
time, they decided that the offl
clais should be given ii hours to
get on board, and not return. .Seeing that the people were determined, the officials allowed themsolves to be' deported.
Refuse to Pay Taxes
Of course the Australian government, Incensed at the action of
the people there, aro making
alarmist statements about them setting up a Soviet government, and
running the country as they like.
They have done nothing of the
kind. All they are asking for Is
that they be ruled as white people
with white people's privileges, and
not as slaves and serfs. Thoy have
invited a commission to come and
enquire Itno their complaints, stating that they have a good case.
They are denied the franchise and
other things that other Australian
citizens enjoy, and generally are
ruled in Crown Colony fashion.
They have refused to pay any
taxes until they get the franchise
and representation In the Australian parliament.
At first the Australian government was disposed to talk force,
but on second thought they realized that force would be a bad
weapon In a locality like the Northorn Territory of Australia.
Its a hard matter to get Australian militia to dictate force by
arms against thcir own fellow citizens, and doubtless tho Australian
government has realized tills. It
has now consentod to appoint the
commission to dfecover what is
wrong, and at lbe time of wrliing
show aome earnestenss to try to
right the wrongs that havo existed there for too long.
The people of the Northern
Territory claim that they had to
apply a little direct action In order
to bring their grievances to a head.
In this thoy seem to have succeeded admirably.
The British labor party's attitudo
on the Coal Bill has fooled tlio government. Labor callod tho bluff of
tho government and placed thom in
a predicament.
All Honest Values
The Famous handles nothing but first quality garment*,
made of best materials, in latest styles and sold through
our Makcr-to-Wearer policy.
Our sale garments are picked from onr choicest regular lines—
•very garment ie guaranteed—if you are dissatisfied with a pur-
' chase bring it bsck and we will cheerfully refund your money.
All onr beautiful lines are greatly reduced for clearance. Ladies'
suits, skirts, dresses, coats, sweater coats and furs.
"A Bargain on Every
Rack, in Every Box, on
Every Shelf."
Hear Oranvlll*
Decree of Soviet Govern*
ment Dealing With.
The following from Le Populairo
(Paris) of Novembor the 8th ia the
text of a decree of the Bussian Soviet govornment exempting conscientious objectors from military service.
Decree of tho Council of People's
Commissars relating to exemption
from military service by reason of
religious convictions:
1. Persons who, on account of
their religious convictions, cannot
tako part in military servico - aro
bound, subjoct to tho judgment of
tho National tribunal, to replace it
by an equal period in -the sorvice
of the comrades, by sanitary service
—mainly in the hospitals for contagious discuses—or by other work of
public service, at the option of the
2. Tho National Tribunal, in giving its judgment for the substitution of civil work for military service, shall demand a report on each
cnso from the United Council of Be*
Hgious Groups and Communities of
Moscow. Evidence shall be given as
to whother such religious conviction
precludes participation in military
service, as well as to the sincerity
and honesty of the refractory per*
. In exceptional cases tho United Council of Religious Groups and
Communities may apply to the A1I-
Russian Contral Executivo Commit*
tee for the complete exemption of
person, without the substitution
of any other service whatsoever, if
thoy oro ablo to prove by written
documents on tho quostion, and by
tho lifo hitherto led by the said person, that sueh substitution would be
incompatablo with his religious convictions.
Supplementary: The claim for exemption may bo made by tho person
himself or by tho United Council.
The latter may domand that the case
bo tried at the National Tribunal in
Moscow. i
Patronize Federatlonist  advortis
Buy at a union store.
impossible. Strategy teachos us to
encircle tho enemy in ordor to an-
nihilato him entirely, and it looks
as though tho bulk of Denikin's,
forces wore already encircled. Thoi
fall of Kharkov,* wliich has the |
same strategical significance in the.
south as Moscow in, the north,
means the end of the civil war. If
wo tnke into consideration that in
the Caucasus, thanks to tho White
Torror of Denikin's gonerals, the,
revolutionary movement is in full
progress, wo see tho deplorablo position of the southern invaders. I
All the eastern Black Sea stores,
from Novorossiak to Sochi, and the
towns of Ekaterinodar, Maikop, and
Baku are in rcv61t, and most of
them are already under Soviet rule.
The Turkestan army, composed of
three Btrong corps, after having defeated tho British in Transcnspia I
and captured all the fortresses on
tho Persian frontier, haB captured
the town of Knzandzik. Its activity is very important in the prosont!
docisivo moment. Tho friendly relations which Soviet Russia has
established with Afghanistan protect tho Republic of Turkestan from
any attempt by the British Indian
nrmp' to penetrate into thut part of
Soviot Russia. Tho nows of the disaster of Kolchak and the defeat of
Judenitch, as well as tho beg:nning
of peaco negotiations between Soviet Russia and the Baltic States
at Dorpat, must certainly become
known to tho army of Denikin, thus
hastening the termination of the
sanguinary drama in Russia. Tho
days of Don'kin are numbered. His
ti/roy haB no wny of escape and must
cither capitulate to tho Reds or
This article was writter and al-
roadv in typo when the news was.received in Now Tork that Klinrkov
had been takon by tho Soviet forces.'
Among those
Lot "caro of the tooth" be
among the first of tho resolutions you will make-—and keep
—during tho coming yoar.
What a world ill-health nnd
misery woidd be saved If this
wore gonoTblly keptl Resolve
that you will at least visit the
dentist for examination, so
that you will know what is
necessary to bo dono to put
your mouth 4n perfect working condition, handsome and
wholesome. If you havo missing teeth, no mattor whoro located, allow mo to show you
tho new Removable Bridge,
Make your appointment now—with
the resolution. Phono snd tell m«
when it will bs convenient to call.
Dr. Lowe
Fin* Dentistry
Phone Bey. 5444
Opposite Woodward',
Alwayi Dependable
'Ask thn woman who buns
929 Main Street
Phones Seyjnouj 1441 ud 465
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vaneoaver
Replete in ever; detail
ias Nonalcoholic wises ol 0
Fot Union lien
Pbone Seymou! MS
Phono Seymour 7169  '
Third   Floor,   World   Building,   Vtn
flOWTer. B.  O.	
-.A"* rntom . AHIPKIET, m**_ Ml *- *0*e
Men ii ui.. »• ui.ifU into Mexico.    ^^
1.1, Snt*. t—i* "Ik. W«U". Oilta.. ca
_ n."comfi»ACYAOAiNsritixico-i.M»_u*
t**. I* O....M Iran lh. ,b*,IJ„. .< un.ll, a Ktttt*
UUM .- X, ludm «t I*. JBUII5 •- lb M-it
lori. »l E»0lANff7«l AMERICA. " "" "• T
II .k«jM hnnhllf t*l brenrr b«« w«k
AUSTIN lewu.
mjiuM. EofouMtiNcim-NorroRrnerir
anu PUBLISHING CO., <m nana* SUM, 0.U..I cd
tt» 11001* l">. »U <k«r>. printf
mako good your advantage of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couplo of weoki
out in the open. We offer yon
a splendid selection of Fishing Tacklo, Kifles, Cartridge!,
Clothing, togethor with tha
usual Camping Requirement!.
The Complote Sporting Goods
618-620 Hastings Street West,
After a day's labor
tban a
Bottle of
Ask for it
It's Union-Made
For Sale at all standi
Westminster Brewery Oo. TBIS  PAGE IS FATO FOB BT THB
*-i&iXi_,  \V 'JiUillliS  OF
THB i). B. D.
$2.00 PER YEAR
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
■50,000 in 1920.
Benson's Oamp—Company is will-
ing to do the right thing by the
boys. They woro union men them-
telvos beforo taking on this outfit.
New camp and anybody going here
in tho spring will find it as good ao
any on tho coast.
McLeod'g Camp—100 por eent.
union. Everything going well. New
camp under construction, eight-hour
day, wages satisfactory. Good place
to work,
tnld (weekly), 2 copies Winnipeg
Free Press (daily), 2 copies Calgary
Herald (daily), 2 copies Daily Provinoe, Vancouver. Thoy arc waking
up and hoping thiB bunch will keop
tho mon from reading tho Federationist and othor working-class
papers. But—too late—the men demand tho roal dope for their basis,
with light stuff for the aide. Thero
were four prairie chickens, or prairie
loggers, working on Christmas Day.
Hope they will invest the proceeds
in improving their minds—thoy
need it.
Tours for tho cause,
DEL. 1661.
McKee It Campbell's Oamp-
Camp conditions aro tho best of
iheir kind. Large roomy bunkhouse
16x24, built of best cull lumber, covered with tar paper. Eight single
bunks built of lumber from same
pile as the building itsolf. One
spring and mattress which was donated by a worker. The modern
lighting system is derived from a
imall power 76c lamp, and a lantern,
both of which were installed and
owned by workers. The dining
room ia of canvas and it haa been
laid that it might bave been new
when erected about a year and a
half ago. In one corner the eook
lleeps tho sleep of tho innocent and
the juat. The sanitary eonveniences
are Insanitary and ineonvenient. The
washroom at ono end of the bunkhouse consists of a bowl which some
times reposes upon a nail keg but
more often upon the floor. Frequently during tho past year the
Elace has been swept out; it has
eon suggested that a vacuum system be installed, but up to the present a broom is usually nsed when
ono ean be found. Anyone desiring
to evade the attentions of government officials—such as health inspectors—aro recommended to keep
this outfit in mind.
Blackpool—Tho delegate at Wilson's eamp was fired on January 6
for lining up the men in the union.
The men called a meeting at noon to
discuss the situation, and appointed
a committoe with a paper signed by
45 men to demand reinstatement of
the delegato. Tho boss told tho committoe that ho did not want to see
tho paper or hear any of their
grievances, but that those who did
not care to work could call at the
offico and receive thoir time. About
31 men quit. Thore is about 66
men employed in this camp.
Conditions in the above camp are
reported to be rotten, grub is poor,
and thoy are trying to reintroduce
the 10-hour day. This camp is now
on the unfair list of this union. All
men with union principles take notice. Blackpool is situated on the
North Thompson Biver about 12
miles north of Mount Olie.
" ' NASH
McOoffern's Camp—Ten-hour day,
40c per hour; (1.00 for board, auch
as it is. Bum water, cooks and
grub. Rotten accommodation. No
sanitation. One hundred per cent,
unorganized. All .prairie farmers
and stump ranchers hostile to organization of any and every kind,
Tho most "belly-conscious" camp
thnt could be found. If they can
road, they won't, except a well-
known eastern catalogue. Recently
a bunch of tho boys went to this
outfit and when they found what
tho "accommodation" was they
quit, greatly to the wrath of he
who would bo obeyed, who told them
to go where the wicked cease from
troubling. One "near" horo decided that the journey to the unknown destination was too risky, so
ho repented of his heroism, expressed regret that he had ever dared to
strive for botter eonditlons en the
job, was forgiven and permitted to
roturn to Mb job. What moro can
such as he deflire—or deserve t
List of Contributors to the Chase
strike fund paid into tho district
offlce from November 16 to Dcocni
ber 31, 1910:
M. W. Sullivan  $   5.00
Angus McDonald .-'-      2.00
F. MoDonald       2.00
Oscar Fleming *.     2.00
John Murphy    10.00
Donald Andorson     10.00
M. Johnson       1.00
Total  -•- * 32.00
Received from Cranbrook dis-
trico  * 02.75
Contributions     32.00
in signing up one new member or
not. They let out ono long howl
%t dying agony in the shape of a
handbill appealing to the lumber
workers to organize. They struck
a vory dramatic attitude and exclaimed: "Mr. Timber Worker, 'To
be or not to be,' an eight-hour day
with wage scale Bet, or an eight-
hour day wtth no wage scale? That
Is the question?" and still appears
to be the question, so far aa they
are concerned, because no one
seemed to bother about answering
it. Of course, when they spoko
about no wage scale, they meant
the L. W. I. U. Evidently they
thought that, they could get aome
one to fall for their wago scale
and agreements.
By careful handling, by laying
a good solid foundation on which
to build, and by a clear cut, well-
defined policy there Is no reason
why the L. W. I. U. should not
sign up thousands of members In
Ontario during the next year, but
lt must be a pure and simple labor organization', and not one of
the kind that we are told will go
out with a club some flne morning and establish the co-operative
commonwealth. The labor organization that will succeed In organizing the lumber workers of Ontario muat be a pure Labor organization with all the bunk about
its overthrowing the capitalist
state left out of It, otherwise lt Is
lost energy to try and build up a
union there.
We have a membership of
around 3000 In Ontario already,
but we have only scratched the
surface. In fact, one may almost
say that wevJiave scarcely started
yet, but if a clear defined policy Ib
laid down at the next convention,
I have great hopes of seeing the
Lumber Workers of Ontario almost solidly organized by this
time next year.
The Blind  Seeth,
West    Coast   Lumberman
Paid out of district treasury..$108,00
Total   paid  through   district
offico ~ (232.75
Belmont Mines—Tbo following is
from tho World of December 20:
'' The Belmont-Surf Inlet Mining
Company is emulating the Granby
M. 8, & P. Comnany in improving
the living conditions of    its    cm-
Sloyees. A inodel town Is being
uilt, comprising homes and public
buildings equipped with electric
light, steam heating systems and
running wator. Thero will be a
club, too, with reading rooms, well
equipped with periodicals. It is
treatment of this nature that creates
a good fooling between employer
and employed, and if it were more
often adoptod wo should hear less
ji of strikes aud inefficient labor. Far
too often tho workmen at a mine
recoivo loss consideration after their
day's work is over than the mules
or horses belonging to the mine
■ owuors." That's what you road
about. This is what you get: This
is the worst outfit I was ever in. A
large number of men are hired and
1/ fired every woek. Tho only reason
wo can soo for it iB to get the boats
to call regularly, which they otherwise would not do. It would be interesting to know the bnsis of
agreement, if any, existing between
tho various officials in this matter.
Board poor. - The lower bunkhouse
is swarming "with bugs for dealing
with which tho company's store'
keeps a big atock of "Kcntings,"
In which you can invest tbo profits
of your investment of labor in the
company's minos. The wallfl of the
firBt floor aro marked with block
from tho uso of the carbide lamp in
endeavors to exterminate tho pests,
but alaa and alack thoy come out
extra Btrong when theTO is no frost,
and during heavy rains tho floors
of uppor and lower rooms nro dripping. For !fi2.50 n month you can
1 half a bedstead in a room.. The
eamp is bleated with stools. The
slopes in thc mine aro not kept
barred down and other places on tho
levels arc hod. The statoment in the
World is absolutely untrue and men
who arc looking for decent working
and living conditions should keop
away.    If you come up here got
Sour union card    beforehand    and
elp to brlntt this outfit to time.
East Kootenay Camp—This is u
fair camp;  good food, good cook,
warm bunkhouses; frame buildings;
doublo bunks, two-deckers, hoy to
lie on, a few bed bugs; some men
•ating out; foreman non-union but
fair; floors kept clean by a good
bull-cook; lots of hot water but no
' bath house or washing accommoda-
[ tions except in open air; clonning-up
1 job, finishing up cutting. Our papera
, aro  arriving rogulorly.    Tlie  company has subscribed for the follow-
' ing papers and periodicals   to   be
1 distributed in camp:    3 copies Sat*
i urday Evening Post, 2 copies Popular MeehanicB, 2 copies Metropolitan
Magarinc, 3 copies Country Gentleman, 2 copies Montreal Family Hor-
Wanted—Addross of Robert Wilson, who went to Severson &
Smith's Camp, Bishop's Lauding.
Wanted—John   Balfour's address.
Wanted—Will Basil Anderson,
last hoard of at Columbia River
Lumber, Cnmp 2, Golden, write to
his mother! Anyone knowing the
whereabouts please notify MrB. A.
Martin, 571 Richards Street, "Vancouver?
Tho 0. B. U. gave Princeton the
time of its life on New Year's night
when the lumber workers held a
smokor in aid of tho Kimberley
striking minors, the proceeds of
tion amounted to over 4100.
Amongst other attractions were
eight well-staged boxing bouts. The
affair was held in tho Odd Followa'
Hall, which is the largest in tho
town.   This was packod to capacity.
Thero is no doubt but what the
Province of Ontario Is an enormous field for the Lumber Workors
Union to cencentrate their organizing activities upon. There aro at
least three times as many men engnged in the lumber industry ln
Ontario as there are in British
Columbia, and it is superfluous to
say that tt Is essential that these
men be organized, It may take
time, and it may cost money; but
there is no better way In which
that money can be spent than in
organization. It ia also superfluous to say that wo ean not improve, to any great extont, our living and working conditions, in this
province, if we do not organize our
fellow workers in the East, thereby
helping them to secure better liv-1 pognalo H", A.'   Suteierei'   $1,    A
Auditor's Statement of
Income and Expenditure
FROM 1st OCTOBER, 1919, TO 31st DECEMBER, 1919.
Cash in Bunk and on Hand as at 1st October, 1919:
Union Bnnk of Cannda ..... $4,001.72
Cash on Hand     894.53   $4,890.26
Duos   :  6,087.00
Foes      284.00
District Members ;    194:00
Delogatos  .i _  $8,238.20
Deduct—Commission *.   $319.40
Expensos    83.77       413.17    7,826.03
Donated by Members:
Winnipeg Defense Fund „ $6,169.52
Central Striko Fund 1,190.43
Kimborly Striko Fund : _      53.60
Mombors in Hospital (Christmas) ._...'..      81.55
"Worker" Publicity Fund -        5.00   $7,490.00
Received from Districts:
Cranbrook, B. C   $2,072.67
Princ ton, B. C _ „    851.50
Prinee George, B. C -....-      789.00
Prince Ruport, B. C - ...*...;_..    662.00
Kamloops, B. C  .  .v.     287.00 '
Nolson, B. C.     140.60
Merritt, B. C. „ ■.      22.50
Port Arthur, Ont      70.00
One Big Union—Repayment of June advance  : .-....—.'...i.
Port Alberni, for literature	
Mine, Mill and Smeltormon of tho O. B. U.—Receipts ....
Wages .
Wages .
Supplies .
..$ 059.55
Furniture and Equipment '. „ 248.25
Printing, Stationery and Office Sundries '.'. _  1,096.99
Printing Constitution and BallotB . _ 399.60
Root of Headquarters „    160.00
Postages (including mailing "Worker")   743.08
Light, Tolephono nnd Telegrams  209.04
Exchange and Bank Charges 1 _ ....„ „ 11.25
Legal and Audit Foes _  J80.00
Delegates Commissions and Expenses  67.00
Organization    ..„ _  942.95
Members' Card Holders  1,046.40
''O. B. U." Buttons  _ $1,275.30
Received from Members (exclusive of Districts)     297.90
says: "Operators would save themselves a lot of trouble and give
their mills and camps a good reputation as places In which men like
to work and live, attracting thereto the best men, if they would use
a little foresight and keep just
Ahead of the crew in supplying
little things that the men seem to
think necessary."
In other words, don't let it become necessary for a committee to
wait on you to make a request for
some improvement—make tho Im-
provement before they ask for lt,
Your bosses ought to do some
scouting around your plants. Do
a little detective work. Find out
whnt the men want without their
sending a delegate to tell
There Is nothing that lends
weight to tho value of an organization movement like results. Jf
a committee through a domand
even succeeds in getting a toilet
repaired, It has accomplished
something and is bound to magnify its weight, influence and Importance among the workingmen.
Contributions to Winnipeg dofense fund sinco December 17 total
$1026.60.    Cranbrook district, $400.
Members of McLeod Timbor Com-
pany, Gambler Islnnd, as follows:
Friend $3, W. Sinclair $2, W.
Basil $2, W. Hodgos $5, S. Skolp $2,
O. English $3, W. Levingstone $2,
P. Hanochan $2, R. W. Wilson $2,
Friend $1, Friend $2, J. Farrington $2, P. Sutton $1, D. MacLean $1,
A. Wilkmnn 25c, H. Hayso $1, J.
Bock $2.50, F. Marono $1, J. Bak-
criek $1, W. Butto $3, J. Mcrklo $1,
Hugh Boss $1, M. Healy $1, W.
Puco $1, Friend $1, S. A. H. Murphy $2, J. H. Boss $1, A. MncLoan
$1, J. O. Donnoll $2, A. Kirkpatrick
$2, R. Bannistor $1, R. Stewart $1,
J. C. Ross $1„ N. Hoynos $1, F.
Farnnh $1, J. Ingram $2, W. M.
Stanham $1 A. MacDonnld $1, W.
Murphy $1, D. Woodhouse $1, W.
Donning $3, W. O 'Donnoll $2, J. M.
Fuller $1, F. Galligor $5, P. Paine
$1, A. Loonsido $5, H. Carnnhan $5,
J. J. Nowton $1, A. J. Casey $5, D.
McKenzie 1, D. J. McDonald $2, B.
Oroy $2, A. Eklunnd $5, A. Donftot
$1, F. Elliot $2, E. Tonngbcry $6, H.
Johnson $6, Torello $1, F. Atkinson $2, A. Ritchie $2, V. Palo $3 A.
Johnson $2, F. Erickson $3, O. Hill
$5, A. King $2, Oents $1, A. Cam-
Reading Room and General Literature j^.'.,
Speeial Literature: j
Indicators  „,*....
Winnipeg Bulletins .
Sundry Publications .
B. C. Federationist Pnper -_&__■	
"Workor" (not including mailing)  „,.,...■.	
Expenditure on behalf of Districts:       ,,;,,- ~'.
Prince Albert, Sask. &..L—	
Port Arthur, Ont XX....	
Sudbury, Ont jjj.^	
..$ 268.08
... 235.00
... 73.00
... 118.17
Convention Proceedings
Thursday,   January   8, was tho*™51"1*1' ">at sessions be held from
, ,     .    "    -.       ,{     ' ,.      9:80 a.m. to 12 noon and from 2
date for opening   tho   convention
proper, but tho delegates convened
on Monday, tho 5th, for the purposo
of forming committees and preparing reports. At 10 a.m. tho secre*
tary called tho meeting to order.
Fellow-worker Cowan was elected
temporary chairman. A credential
committee of five was elected, after
which in adjournment for half an
hour was called. Whon the meet-
ing re-opencd the credontial commit*
tee roported 41 delegates present
from Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia. On motion
tho report was accopted and dole-
gates seated, and instruction given
that delegates coming In later
should report to credential com*
The executive committee recom-
mended that skeleton committees be
formed to which the delegates already seated, or who may arrive
later, may attach thomsclvcs. That
the committee consist of past man*
agemont, future policy, resolutions,
wago scalo, camp conditions and ar*
The past management and future
policy tb bo separate committees,
but to work in conjunction. The
recommendation was concurred in,
as waa also tho proposal "that a
stenographic report be taken of con*
vontion proceedings."
A recommendation that organizers
be seated with thl samo status as
delegates was, after considerable
discussion carried hy a vote of 30
to 10. Tho members to form the
skeleton committees wore then nom-
Inatcd, and after a motion was
adoptod "that no committee report
until tho convention convene on
Thursday," tho meeting then adjourned.
For the next three days the* head-
quarters was a hive of industry,
proposals, discussions and counter
proposals being tho order of the
day, intermingled with charges, enquiries, investigations and tho preparing of reports.
By Wodnesday night all commit-
tccB had thoir reports ready to present to tho convention, which opened in tho Dominion Hall at 10 a.m
Edmonton, Alta. 	
Fort Francis, Ont	
Kamloops, B. C	
Princo George, B. C. .
Princeton, B. C..
Merritt, Victoria, Prince Rupert and
Members' Donations;
ifylson, B. C.
. 803.70
. 690.30
. 316.25
. 146.40
. 66.42
. 56.46
. 39.00
. 38.47
ing and working conditions.
Our conditions ln the lumber
camps of British Columbia is nothing to boast ahout, but when
they are compared with the slave
pens of Ontario, they seem like a
It Is only by improving a man's
surroundings that you make him
respect himself enough to demand
that ho shall have living conditions
fit for a human being, and that
has got to be our task ln Ontario,
If we want to keep on improving
our conditions In British Columbia,
What Is required In tho East Is
tons of literaature, pointing out
the necessity of organizing, and the
reason for organizing. It may be
all very well to stick a card In a
man's pocket, but it is just as important that that man should
thoroughly understand tho reason
that he is carrying that card.
When we keep ln mind the fact
that the biggest percentage of
theso men In tho Eastern lumber
camps have never been tn an organization, and have nover been
reached with propaganda of any
kind, it will easily be seen that education Is required just as much
ns organization,
Last summer tho Timbor Workers started to organizo the sawmill workers at Fort Frances, but
did not meet with any great success, and today they have lost almost all the members that they
ever had thore. Aftor tho — W.
I, U. started to organize around
Fort Frances the Timber Workers
also mado a feeblo attempt to get
busy organizing again, but I do
not know If they have succeeded
Znvnzzl 1, J. Campbell $2, J. McPherson $2, J. Oray $5, J. Baird $5,
0. Lovicllott $2.
Contributions from mombors of
Cowichan Lake as follows: W. Hoff-
man $7, R. Higgins $5, W. F. Gross-
klog $6, P. Sharkey $5, F. Gustaf-
son $5, G. Lindqnist $5, T. Roberts
$6, J. L. Killpntrick $5, N. Golia $5,
,T. Knight $5, J. J. McNiel $5 O.
Nelson $5, J. McEachorn $2, E. Sell-
stead $5, P. Miller $2, J. Martin $5,
W. Duokichiok $6, J. Peters $2, E.
A. Nicholl $5, E. Grizcnko $5, O.
Willmot $5, J. Martincau $2, ,T. Fort
Contributions from members at
Cnmp B, Rock Bay, as follows: A,
Andorson $5, F. Strom $5, D. Jong-
hin $5, J. Mclntroininoy $5, E,
Hamilton $5, J. Bailey $5, P. Campbell $5, El Moshor $5, T. Frasor $5,
,T. (Digmns $5, A. Nordstrum $5, S.
Campbell $5, A. Knutson $5, J. McMillan $5, A. Brown $6, L. West-
lund $5, M. George $5, W. Cnsoy $2,
E, Bonlo $2, S. Aicllo $2, N. Han-
ney $2, 8. Erickson $2, C. I.uflvo $2,
H. Boyd $2, O. Peterson $2, T.
Molnn $2, W. Woodwards $2, J. Bar-
riuult $2, E. N. Arthur $2 C. Wilson $2, L. Bortlott $1, F. Smith $1,
W. Woodwards $1, J. Barrianlt $1.
Contributions from members at
Dempsey Ewart Co., Corridon Bay,
as follows: G. E. Titzlaff $10, R.
Pollard $10, A. Nolan $2, C. H. Martin $2, J. Tnpp $2, C. J. Roberts $1,
A. A. Ormsby $2, K. Ostapchuk $1,
T. Jcssick $1, Emil Johnson $2, F.
Brown $2, H. Hornbrook $2, T.
Johnson $5, N. Pearson $2, J. Pah-
kala $1, D. McDonald $2, O. Eng-
stroin $5, R. Hinksmnn .2, B. Ham*
llton $2, F. Paradice $5, J. Cumie $2,
1. Smith $2, J, Cameron $2, R. Nash
Winnipeg Defense Fund $5,084.07
Kimborly Striko Fund -.       53.50
Dues Per Capita:
Onc Big Union  ! $1,655.50
Vancouver Trades and Lnbor Council     150.00
B. C. Federation of Labor     120.00
Strike Roliof( expenses, etc.:
Clinso—Advances   $3,508.05
Duncan Bay      416.40
Trout Lako     414.65
Capilano Striko      100.00
Alert Bay      64.60
Sundries        132.35     4,725.95
Carrying Banners, sign writing, etc     307.35
Hospital and Sick Reliof     666.30
Port Alberni, literature purchnsod        34.60
Mine, Mill aud Smclterinen of tho O. B. U.—Payments      128.80
CaBh in Bank, on Hand and on Doposit:
Union Bnnk of Cnnada  $1,048.47
Cash on Hnnd (including $1,000.00 wired from Cranbrook,
31st Doeembor, 1919  .,  1,238.06
Cash on Doposit, U. S. S. Co. Ltd „    200.00
$1, S. Polsky $1, N. Sizenko $1, O.
MeDougall $1, A. McDonald $2, E.
Johnson $1, J. Ryan $5, P. Ring-
noil $5, F. Rodgers $1, It. Devore $2,
E. O'Ncil $2, E. Moody $2, V. Lund
A. McGhio $2, F. Lendvoy $5,
J. Shortall $5, C. Hill $1, F. Olson
$2, W. Enrnes $1, D. Stewart $2, M.
Fancy 2, A. Waring $1, P. O'Horon
$5, S. Benson $5, W. Ahotsway $1,
A. Anderson $2, J. Bahich $1, A.
Hennings $1, F. Conrad $1, D. Montgomery $2 E. Grov $2, M. McDonald $1, J. Gundorso'n $1, R. Boyd $2,
T. Greig $2, J. Petrie $2, Gus Johnson $2, N. Bagotski $5.
Contributions of $5 each, as follows: Thomas Williams, John Olson, Alox Boaudoin, W. Freomau,
David Savoy, S. J. Hartneyy, John
Evunson, W. A. McKay.
Contributions of $4 each: W. Pap*
penburg, F. E. Nighsovander.
Contributions of $3 oach: Carl
Ompu, Geo. DeHaan, Bernard Shaw,
M. O. West, F. Caspor, Miko Ban*
Contributions of $2 each: J. Connell, Geo. Lacasso, Ed. Snrsfield,
Nick Lados, Dnvo Kinnonou, J.
Connors, J. Humphrios, B. Mills, Allan TiBdale, W. Gillies, S. Lindstrom,
W. Lockwood, M. MyBko, John
Contributions of $1 each: J. H.
Doerkson IDavo Patterson, 0. Mara,
Alfred Morn, B. Wilson, L. Kauff-
inan, G. Efivorts, John Swanson, D.
Julius Easting
Anyone knowing whorcabouts, or
having information of   the   above-
named,     communicate     with     F.
Follow Worker; Seems to tno, bs
one of tbo originals in the union
that some of the camps closo to
town aro never heard from lately
(exception of Capilano) such as
along tho B. C. Electric, Stave Lake
and Mission district, Thoro are two
or threo camps at Stave Falls and
Lako, and men aro working thoro
whom I havo mot in town recently
who do not belong to tho union. I
am doing what I can in this direction in a quiet way. I worked onco
at Stavo lake and conditions wero
very poor and I never heard thoy
had bcen improved since. There
woro lots of bedbugs and a couplo
of coal-oil cans to wash your clothes
in, with the camps on floats, the
latter being very low in tho wator,
becauso they wero water-soaked and
old. Some follows, you know, would
work for two bits a day as long as
they got a job near town. It seems
to me that tho camps further north
along the coast havo more backbone
andean be relied upon to take caro
of themselves. The various collections will prove this. What collections knvn come in for the numerous strike funds or Winnipeg fund
fromi Stave Lako camps; or Keystone at Mission or Abbottsford, or
various camps in any close-in vicin
ityf   Port Neville, I. T,, Kingcome
Kflowlos, Drawer 20, Princo Qeorge.
He was Inst heard of at tho timo
of tho strike in Princo Georgo district'last summer.
Cranbrook, B. C J. H. Thompson—Box 18
Kamloops, B. 0 J. L. Petorson Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelion, B. 0 R. Barrow General Delivery
Princeton, B. C R. S. Baxter Box B
Pringe George, B.C. .F. Knowlei Drawer 20
Frince Rupert, B.C..J. H. Burrough ...Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 J. Stevemon 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333—-101st St.
Prince Albert, Sask-W. Cowan 108—8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont R. Lockhead 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont T. Mace Box 390
Webster Hall
Thursday's Proceedings
Meeting called to order Thursday, at 10 a.m„ by Fellow Worker
Motion adopted, that delegates
be seated to the right of the chairman, and members and visitors to
the left. Delegates, as their names
wore called, to take their seats in
the space reserved for them.
Credential committee reported
executive members and delegates
present as follows:
E. F. Moshor, M. R. Boyd, M.
Oeorge, N. Hatherly, H. Bryun,
Koy Young, J. McKinnon, C. Hastings, Frank Billings, Dan O'Brien,
D. Jonghtn, S. Mantey, E. Win-
ton, W. J. Sullivan, Chas. McPhall, W. Cowan, M. Johnson, M.
J. Keane, Robt. McKay, H. Hu-
land, C. Thompson, A. J. Vlan, 12.
R. Fay, F. Daly, A. Chadwick, N.
McLeod, W. H. Watson, A, H.
Iverson, G. A. Clark, Tom Amoyle,
J. McNIcholl, C. L. Patterson, W.
O. Donnoll, J, E. Lemoine, W. J.
Labelle, S. Carlberg, R. Barrow,
J. M. Clarke, W. Moore, R. Border,
Jas. Maclaughlan, Joe Grace, R.
Higgins, R. Baxter, R. C. Kinney,
J. Plane, W. A. Alexander, H.
Longley,   E.  Winch.
John  Mard,  G. Lamont,  S.  W.
Nomination      for      permanent
chairman for the convention was
called for.   Fellow Worker Cowan,
being the only nominee, was elect-
Arrangements committee recom-
Inlet, Orassoy Bay, Nimpkish, and
also a lot of the littlo outfits huve
been hoard from in tho fight for
better conditions, and in sending
help to others, but lho close-in
camps appear to bo laying down on
tho job in many ways. Is this because tho close-in jobs arc usually
taken up by married men who,
when they tako on family responsibilities, ofton appear to lose thc
fighting spirit necessary to provide
their families with the sttnidnrd of
living they are entitled to, whereas
the outsido jobs are filled by men
with moro go nnd backbone
themf Is this tho reason for the
apparent difference! lf not, what
ist A. Q. O.
Follow Worker: Would liko to
heur tho boys' opinion on working
conditions for tho fullers. Thc association scale is $6.50 per day, but
I considor 47.60 is low enough even
to four pairs of fullers, und any
thing above that number $1.00 per
day extra. P, L.
Fellow Worker: Don't you think
it is about time that thoso calling
themselves union men should livo up
to tho principles that thoy profess.
As a body we demand that conditions in the eamp shnll be up to the
standard called for by the organization, but wo often sadly lack in demanding that other workers should
have similar conditions or are doing
very littlo to assist them in doing
so. How often when wo go to tho
camp storo do wo insist that tho
gloves, shoes, overalls, etc., shell bc
union mado? Do wo look for the
union label, or do we tako nny old
thing that the boss cares to give usf
Wo get the idea that it is cheap and
at the same time flatter ourselves
that wo stand for union conditions.
Wo think at every cnmp meeting
this matter should receivo consideration, as only by backing our
fellow-workers in their endeavors to
secure better working conditions can
we eipect to receivo thcir backing In
our own endeavon,
J. E. W,
p.m. to 5:80 p.m. Night sessions,
when necessary, except on Thursday, owing to an open meeting of
the Trades and Labor Council on
that night to hear the report of
the lawyers at the Winnipeg trials,
and on Saturday owing to the hall
having to be vacated at 5 p.m., we
therefore recommend that should
the convention last three days or
more that the election of officers
be the flrst order of business at
the morning session of the third
day. Should the proceedings not
last that long then the election
shall bo the first order of business
on the afternoon of the second
day. The order of business to be,
except as otherwise provided for;
Past management committee report, future policy committee report, resolutions committee report,
wage scale and camp committee
report, grievance committee
port, good and welfare.
Amendment—That the order of
committee reports shall'be:
Wage scale and camp committee
report, resolutions committee report, grievance committee report,
past management committee report, future policy committee report.   Amendment carried.
Moved, that the following motion be adopted and sent to the
men on trial at Winnipeg:
This convention of delegates
from all over the Dominion, rep
resenting 15,832 membera In good
standing tn the Lumber Workera
Industrial Union of the One Big
Union, pledge their support to
you and all other accredited representatives ln the organized labor
movement In the flrst for freedom
of thought, word and action in
the struggle of the workers to live
their Uvea free from exploitation
by profiteers. Our answer to the
attacks being made upon the movement shall be 50,000 members In
1920. Before men made us citizens, naturo made us men. Motion
Wage scale and camp conditions
committee presented their report,
Motion made that it be dealt with
clause by clause.
Amendment—That the report be
recommended and referred to tho
districts for their consideration.
Amendment lost.   Motion  carried.
Motion adopted that lf there is
no objection to a clause as read
that the chairman shall declare It
1. Moved, that a minimum
wage of $6.00 per day in camps
and 85.00 a day in the mills of
the province of British Columbia.
Other provinces to strike their own
Amendment—That the minimum
as recommended apply to all lumber   workers   throughout   Canada.
Amendment to amendment —
That the minimum wage be set
by each district.
Amendment to amendment lost.
Amendment curried.
2. Movod, that It ho a strictly
8-hour day, camp to camp, with
time and one-half for overtime,
legal holidays and Sunday.
Amendment—That double time
bo demanded for overtime, legal
holidays and Sundays.
Amendment to amendment —
That no member shall work overtime ut any time except in case
of dangor to life or property.
Amendment to amendment lost,
16-25,   Amendment carried.
Moved, that all amendment), and
amendments to amendments bc
submitted to the membership,
3. Moved, that wages bo paid
semi-monthly in cash.   Carried,
4. Moved, that all tie-making
be done by day labor, with an 8
hour day. Scale to bo adjusted by
the tie-makers.   Carried,
6. Moved, that the kitchen staff
bo supplied with sufficient help so
that they will not have to work
moro than 8 hours per day. Carried.
8. Moved, that no contract,
piece-work, or bonus system be
permitted by this union.
Amendment—That tho union is
opposed to any contract, piecework or bonus system.
Amendment to amendment—
Thut this matter be left to the
different districts. Amendment
amendment carried.
7. Moved, thnt the employer
pny transportation to the Job, but
if the worker is nol put lo wort,
or is discharged before having
earned twenty-five dollals over und
above nil expenses, Including fare
back to town, that transportation
both ways be provided by ihe employer.
Motion to strike out was adopted,  26-14.
8. Moved, that proper landing
fucllitleH without houso adjoining
supplied with stovo asd wood.
9. Moved, that no bunkhouses
shall bo lens than 18x24. not containing moro than six bItirIo iron
beds each with springs, mattresses,
two double blankets, wheels, pillows and slips, and kept in sanitary condition. The sheets nnd pillow slips to be washed once a
week, blankets once a munlh, and
every time bedding is changed
from one person to another, The
employers lo bear tho cost of
same.   Carried,
10. Moved, that there be a
stove In bunk houso (centre),
11. Moved, that wash house,
dry rack and bath house be installed In all camps. The bnth
houso to bo partitioned from the
dry  house,   Carried,
12. Moved, that antiseptic soup
and towels be furnished free. Car
13. Move'd, thot hot nnd cold
water bo supplied.   Carried,
be provided, not less than 300 feet
from all buildings.   Carried.
15. Moved, that kitchen . staff
shall be supplied with sleeping
quarters separate from kitchen*
16. Moved, that there be a sanitary store room ln . connection
with kitchen,  Carried.
17. Moved, that meat house bo
no closer than fifteen feet from
the kitchen.  Carried.
18. Moved, that earthenwaro
be used In place of enarnelware,
forks, knives aniT spoons of nickel
sliver, and dining room tables be
covered with oil cloth.   Carried.
19. Moved, that there be six
men at a6 table.  Carried.
20. Moved, that kitchen utensils be of copper,, aluminum or
pressed steel.   Carried.
21. Hoved, that sink be lined
with zinc. Dish table with same.
22. Moved, that buildings for
blacksmith and flier ahall be built
suitable for this work.   Carried.
28. Moved, that a reading room
be provided ln all camps. Carried.
24. Moved, that ths health aot
be rigidly enforced In respect to
camp sanitation.   Carried,'
25. Moved, that all complaints
shall be dealt with through tho
camp committee.   Carried,
26. We recommend an amendment to Section 4 of the Workmen's Compensation Board requirements for firat aid.
FirBt'aid: Every employer who
Is situated more than five miles
from the ofllce of a medical practitioner and employing on* or mor*
men, shall at all times maintain
in or about such place of employ*
ment, satisfactory means of transportation to carry all injured workmen to the nearest hospital. Carried.
27. Moved, that licensed "flrst
aid" man ahall be employed In
camps where there are 10 to SS
men, and sn additional one for
every 26 men thereafter.   Carried.
28. Moved, that two brakemen
be employed on all logging trains
and such camps that do not comply with the law. that members
will notify district secretary. Carried.
29. Moved, that all walk-outs
and hunger strikes be discouraged
as much as possible in future and
before such strikes take plaoe
they must be decided by two thirds
of the members in camp.
Amendment—That na strike can
bc called on a question of wages
except to raise the minimum.
Amendment carried.
Motion, that the report as
amended be adopted;   Carried.
Moved, that no names be published of auy members taking part
In the proceedings.   Lost.
Moved, that all delegates claiming transportation must present
their claims for same to the credential committeo not later tl^n
Friday.   Carried.
Committee ou resolutions presented their report, which was
dealt with clause by clause with
Instructions that all resolutions relating to futuro policy shall be deferred until that order of business,
1, Recommendation to the O.
B. U. convention: That the secretary-treasurer of the O. B. U. be
requested to furnish a financial
statement of its Income and expenditures to tho L. W. I. U. every
month,   Carried,
2. (In report as 6.) Moved,
that wo Instruct our delegates to
the O. B. U. convention to consider the feasibility of establishing
at General Jieodquarters a paper
by and for the benefit of tho O.
B. U.   Curried.
Motion   adopted,   that   meeting
adjourn to re-convene at 2 p.m.
(To bo continued next week)
Donations to Kimberley Strike Fund
Tho following donations huve
been received by tho strike committee at Kimberley sinco October 15,
Oct. 15, Silverton „  $100.00
Oct. Hi, A. G. Hnrvey    114.00
Oct. 2li, Silverton   100.00
Oct. 24, A. O, Hnrvey     45.00
Oct. —, A. G. Harvey    00.00
Oct. 30, Oil   Refinery   Workers, loco, B. C	
Oct. 30, A. G. Hurvey	
Nov.   1, B. Johnson, Duck....
Nov.    4, Silverton, B. C.
Nov,   4, Highland Mine, Ainsworth	
Nov.   tl, A. O. Harvoy 	
Nov.   0, A. O, Hnrvey 	
Nov. 11, T. B. Roberts,   Silverton, B. 0  200.00
Nov. 17, Mother Lode, Salmo,
B. 0	
Nov. 17, R. Burrow, Nelson..
Nov. 17, Allcnby, B.C. (I. U.
m. ii, & s. w.)	
Nov. 20, A, G. Harvoy, Rossland, B.. 0  207.00
Nov, 23, E,  Winch,  Loggers,
Vancouver, B. C    53.00
Nov. 27, Florence Mine, Ainsworth, B. 0 ,159.00
Nov. 88, Oil   Workers,  Toco..   25.00
Doc.   4, M.   CuBok,    Boaver-
doll. B. 0	
Dec.   4, T.   II.   Roberts,   Silverton, B. 0	
Doe.   a, Highland Mine, Ainsworth, B. 0	
'Deo.   9, Barbors Union, Cranbrook, B. 0	
Doc.   9, Dingwell,   Rosslnnd..
Doc. 12, Fernie  O,  IJ.   U....
Doe, id, T.    Hill,    Nncminc,
Drumheller, Alta  100.00
Dec. lti, M. Cuaok, Boavordall,
Doc. 17, Florence Mine, Ainsworth, B. C    10.00
Doc 17, Miners'   O.   B.   U.,
Coalman, Alborta   101.00
Doo. 18, Minors,     Blairmore,
Alberta    137.50
Doc, 27, Monarch   Mine,   Alborta     38.00
Doc. 27, G.    F.    Cassidy, *#
Wnvno, Alborta   212.35
Dec. 27, T.  B.   Roberts,  Silverton, B. 0  100.00
Dee. 27, J.  J. Evans,  Allen,
by, B. C    40.00
Dec. —, Through dologato to
|    14.   Moved, that toilet nith light1 (Continued on pago 0) PAGE FOUR
twelfth yeab.  No. 2   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. o,
FBIDAT January 9, 1920
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationitt, Limited
A.  8.   WELLS...
Mice:   Labor  T&ple.  405  Dunsmuir  Street.
,1 ' Telephono Seymour 6871
BubMribtara Bates: .United States and Foreign,
'$&5l). _or. year; Canada, $2.00 por year; to
Ifnions subscribing in a body, $1.50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
...January 9, 1920
THE HYSTEKigAL ruling class of
the United States still continues in
its idiotiq efforts to stamp out the radical element in the working class movement. Thousands have been arrested,
press dispatches indi-
LOOKING cate that there are more
IO THE to follow.   Weird and
■   FUTURE. fantastic are the press
dispatches in the different daily pnpers on both sides of the
line. In fact, judging from the nonsense
sent out as news, it would appear that
the editors of the different papers are
of the opinion that they are the only
sane people on the continent, as the
crimes with which the arrested men and
the red elements in the United States
are charged, would stamp them as idiots
if they were guilty of them, and the
. people who would believe the weird and
fantastic stories printed in the dailies,
could not possibly be mentally normal.
The radical element is accused of a plot
to flood the country to the south of us
with bogus or counterfeit money. This
is supposed to be a world-wide plot.
'Any such plot would be as nonsensical
as an attempt to discredit the present
Canadian government, as the world is
already flooded with "bogus" or bad
money, just as the Canadian government has, by its own acts, discredited
itself to such an extent, that it dare
not appoint a minister, that is not already holding a portfolio, for fear of
being defeated in a by-clcction.
* * *
The attempt to flood the country with
bogus money is not, however, the only
plot whieh the red element is charged
with.   This charge, however, is sufficiently silly to brand all of them, and to make
it impossible for sane and intelligent people to place any reliance in any of the
charges preferred.   To demonstrate how
futile it would be to attempt to flood
the world with bogus money, something
which has already been done by our
captains of finance, it is only necessary
to give the following figures, which appeared in the Manchester Guardian:
"One of the most interesting features of the comparison is the con-
. trasting of the expansion in currency
with the rise in prices.   The figure
of 100 is again taken as the standard
for the pre-war years.      For tho
United Kingdom the figures show
Jhat the currency in August, 1919,
stood at 244, as compared with 100
in 1913, and retail food prices at
217, as compared with 100, the prewar figure.   In the United States in
May, 1919, the currency was represented by 173, and retail prices by
181, as compared with the pre-war
standard  of  100.    In  France  the
currency figure had reached in June
last 365, and retail food prices 263
in Paris and 293 in other towns.
Those that have been attempting to
(discover the cause of the high cost of
living might find interesting similarities
between the increase in the currency, or
bad money, and the increase in the cost
of living, which the Guardian has published. ,
• * *
Elsewhere in this issue will be found
references to the activities of the authorities in this country preparatory to
the red round up, which generally follows the tabulation of the names and
addresses of men who have opinions
that do not co-incide with ruling class
philosophy. We are not in possession
of information, that would make us sure
as to tho future policy of the government, or as to whether tlie reds in Canada—who are mostly of British birth-
will bc deported to the Old Land or not.
Onc tiling, however, is sure, if that
policy is adopted, thc left wing of the
British Labor movement would receive
a decided impetus by any sueh deportations if they wero carried out to any
extent. Being a part of the British Empire, Canada would only hasten the demise of the system at the heart of the
Empire by such a policy. That, however, is a matter for British statesmen,
and Canadian politicians, and would be
statesmen to consider.
Last week we pointed out the American flavor of the Canadian government's
recent actions. If the same policy as to
a red hunt, as adopted in the United
States is to be carried out in Canada,
the flavor will become more decided and
. noticeable. A short time ngo, our attention was called to the close proximity of American troops to the Canadian
border. This week our attention has
again been called to this phenomena, by
the following press dispatch:
It is understood a strong force of
government agents has bcen rushed
to the Canadian and Mexican borders to check a rush of aliens seeking evasion of deportation orders.
Other agents have bcen hurried to
Atlantic and Pacific ports of entry
• to watch for radicals attempting to
ship on outgoing vessels as sailors.
While boatload after boatload of
Russian, Finnish and other alleged
.alien communists were being shipped to the immigration pens on the
islnnd, it was reported that three
steamers were being put in readiness to follow the "Soviet ark" Bu-
ford to Russia with hundreds more
of "undesirables."
If the United States is so much concerned in the getting rid of the radical
element, we can only wonder at the concern lest they get access to Canada, unless the financial and political interests
of the United States have some little
interest iu this country. We can understand United States concern as to Mexico, as any excuse to take control of
that country by the States would be
welcomed by the American ruling class,
as there are in Mexico natural resources
that would be ample repayment of any
such policy, whether similar conditions
and interests are concerned with Canada, we must leave our readers to decide for themselves. It is at least worthy of a little thought.
As Canada is a part of the British Empire, and is ruled, or was until recently,
by British laws, and trado within the empiro being tho slogan of the statesmen
of all parts of thut empire, we suggest
that as a method of combatting the aggressive American policy that seems to
bc gaining control of this land, especially in the government dealing with
Labor organizations and working class
spokesmen, that there should bc an alliance of the progressive Labor element in
this country, with the left wing of the
Labor movement in the Old Land, South
Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Au
alliance such as this could be used for
defensive purposes. Every arbitrary aet
of the Canadian government, in its dealings with the working class movement
should be at once placed in the hands
of the Labor men of the different countries mentioned. The nows should be
given to all the radical Labor press of the
Old Land, such as the Daily Herald, the
Glasgow Forward and the Labor Mader,
by such methods the workers throughout the British Empire could be kept
acquainted as to the situation in this
country, and whon necessary, the actions
of the Canadian government could bo
discussed on the floor of the British
House of Commons. This alliance could
at a later date be made a factor in the
formation of a real International Alliance of the progressive elements of the
working class the world over. In the
meantime, any action by the Canadian
government to attempt to carry out an
American red hunt in this country should
be the signal for greater activity on the
part of Labor. It should be the signal
for a closing up of the ranks to bring
about a united industrial Labor movement freed from domination of the
American influences that today control
and throttle Labor's activities in the
American Federation of Labor. So that
the police authorities should have little
trouble in locating the radicals in this
country—who are not criminals, but
men who see the signs of the times and
the new order in the making—we would
suggest that all radicals, pinks, pale or
deep reds, etc., supply the proper authorities with their names and addresses.
Tn be a Socialist is no crime, and in
Great Britain they are electing men of
this sehool of thought in greater numbers than ever to positions of power and
influence, the latest to be elected, T.
Myers in Spen Valley, being a pronounced red, and a left winger.
# * »
As matters progross, we shall have
something to say as to the policy of defending working class victims of ruling
class venom and ignorance, and suggest
that as a starter, Labor devote its energies to the establishing of a daily press
in at least four cities in the country.
Only by this method can the people be
acquainted with the activities of the ruling class of this continent.
generous individual. He has given
a hundred million dollars to scientific
research and college professors. Canada
being an adjunct or suburb-of the United
States, is to get five
'TIS BETTER millions of this vast
TO GIVE sum.    This is being
THAN RECEIVE, hailed with joy by the
daily press, and much
ink has been spread in the praise of the
great oil king. Wc have no particular
kick as to the manner in which John D.
gets rid of "his" wealth, but we are
very much concerned in the way in
which he gets it. Industry is a very
good virtue. It is one that has bcen extolled to the skies, and especially so
since the end of the war—that is if it
has really ended—but at any rate, since
the armistice was signed. During many
years that we have passed on this planet,
wejiavo never seen such vast sums as a
hundred million dollars accumulated by
any worthy son of toil, no matter how
industrious he may have been. And we
have seen many of this type who never
went on strike. Who never asked for unreasonable hours? Men who were the
embodiment of greater produetion; in
fact who have been extolled by their
employers ns being "good" workmen.
This has caused us to do considerable
thinking. AVe have wondered how John
D.. could get enough money to be able
to afford to give away a hundred million, at any time.
naving been convinced some linie ago
that Labor and Labor alone is the source
of all wealth, in fact any text book on
economics makes this clear at the commencement, and then the balanco of thc
book is given over to the covering up of
this fact—we must look to somo other
source for this vast wealth that John D.
can throw around with such prodigality,
and find oitt who did really produce it,
as wo know that the American oil king
lias not worked for years, and someone
must have labored in order that it oould
be produced. We find that the Rockefeller interests are world-wide. Wherever they are to be found, there vfllljbe
found workers on the pay roll or this
vast financial and capitalistic organization. The numbor of men, women,and
children employed, directly and indirectly, is almost incredible. And these .are
the people that have made it possible
for this modem Moloch to be able to
"give" away the vast sums which he
has donated from time to time, in order
to further tlie cause of science.
* * *
But we fail to see where his generosity comes in. It is as nothing to the
generosity of the people who work for
this concern, and pile up the vast profits which make it possible for the people who control the Standard Oil trust
to literally roll in wealth. No doubt
they are duly thankful for the fact
that they have a job. That they
are able to work. Thoy are possibly duly impressed with the magnitude
of the vast concern with wliich they are
associated and allowed to pile up tho
profits for. It must bo really splendid
to work for such a magnificent wealth
collecting machine, and to know that by
their toil, John D. is able to give so
much to further the cause of scientific
research. No doubt this is the inspiration that malces them so generous in
their attitude to tlieir exploiters. Not
only do they produce all the wealth
owned by the Standard Oil trust, but
they produce the pittance they receive in
wages. Generosity such as this is so
stupendous that we gasp in amazement
and wonder that tlie daily press does
not apportion a little If the credit for
the nealth apportioned to science by the
uncrowned king of oil, to those that produce it. But then it is better to give
than to receive, and no doubt those wonderful slaves of the Standard Oil trust
will have sufficient oil to burn in the
hereafter, wheh they have, after a life of
faithful servitude, departed to that place
which is set aside for those that obey
their masters. In the meantime, John D,
is taking no chances. He is getting his
here. But then it is harder for a rich
man to enter the kingdom of heaven,
than for a camel to go through the eye
of a needle. So even slavery has its
compensations, even if they are not realized on this planet. .   j
TTHB RESULT of the Spen Valley
A election in the Old Land, has thrown
consternation into the ranks of the ruling class. To Labor it has given new
confidence, and a realization that qh the
workers, in a very,short
IT RESTS time, will rest th<* bur-
WITH THE den of bringing about
RULING OLASS. the new order iA / the
British Isles. T^ikon
Spencer Churchill, of bungle fame, is! of
the opinion that Labor is not flt to carry
on the work of governing the country.
That is true. The workers are not concerned in governing, they are concerned
in providing the necessities of life for
the people, something which no captal-
istic government, or elass, hss ever been
able to do. Labor, however, is capable
of doing this, and on that class will rest
the future welfare of the people of all
lands. The outstanding feature of the
press dispatches from the Old Land,
however, is the unanimity of opinion as
to the straight fight that now confronts
the two classes in society. Liberals,
Conservatives and Coalitionists are all
agreed that they must join forces against
the new power that faces them in an
enlightened working class. One minister
of the Lloyd George governomnt has expressed the opinion that the responsibility that Labor is assuming in the Old
L*nd will tend to class-conscious Labor
adopting constitutional methods. We
wonder if it will tend to make the capitalistic class more likely to adopt constitutional methods in its fight against
the working class dominance of the situation. Will the ruling class attempt to
tako away by any hocus pocus methods,
the means by which Labor can accomplish its objects? Having secured the
power to dominate the situation, and to
pass laws which will for ever curtail the
power of the ruling class, will the ruling class adopt constitutional methods,
and not use the time-honored methods
of ruling classes throughout history-
force—in their efforts to regain control
of the situation? Will tho present ruling class bc content to cat in tho sweat
of their own faces, instead of the sweat
and misery of nn enslaved class, for that
is what they will be compelled to do in
the day when Labor emancipates itself
by constitutional means, if allowed to
do so, or will the workers have to fight
for tlieir freedom from class rule;&pd
robbery? Time will tell, but the adoption of a change by peaceful methods
depends on the ruling class and that
alone. In the meantime the class lftie is
clear and sharply defined in the Old
Land, and the fight is now on. All that
is nsked is freedom to bring abotil Ithe
changes desired by "constitutional"
methods, whether there will be an^'^iffl-
culty iu this rests not with the workers,
but with the present ruling class wliich
faces its final fight for powor. |
Enrly in 1919 tho slogan of thc allies
was, "No trailing with' Germany for at
loast 15 years." December 30th, 1919,
France has loaned 25,000,000,000 francs,
wbb a press dispatch in the daily papers.
Time is thc great healer, but trade and
commerce wipes out, all boundaries and
other obstacles to capitalistic business.
Regarding the municipal elections, wo
are prepared to accept the statements
made by the mayoralty candidates about
one another and let it go at that. It is
a pity that the campaign could not have
lasted another week; wa might then have
learned something about tho supporters
of the respective candidates.
Dr. Curry Advances His
Theory at the Royal
'Christianity and tho Class
Struggle" was Dr. W. J. Curry's
topic at the Royal theatre on Sunday night. Mrs. H. E. Taylor was
Religion, said Dr. Curry, had always hud a tremendous Influence
on human thought and destiny; it
seemed fitting, therefore, that they
should analyze religion and find its
relation to the class struggle.
Like everything else, religion
was subject to the one changeless
law of change, professions to thc
contrary notwithstanding. All
economio revolutions had affected
religion more or less. Tho prevailing mode of woalth production determined people's ideas of
good or bad. The preservation of
life being a flrst law of nature, it
naturally followed that matters of
food, clothing and shelter formed
the predominating factor in the determination of men's ideas. The
Church of Rome grew out of a
feudal system of production; today they had a religion which had
grown up harmoniously with cap!
tallst production. Both of these
wero adaptations of Christianity,
which wag originally a working-
class movement for the emancipation of the slave.
In further illustration of this
vital connection between economio
developments and ideas of morality or religion, the speaker mentioned that, in the early part of
last century, the Methodist convention at Cincinnati had doclared
slave owning a violation of the
"Golden Rule;" fifteen years later,
a Methodist convention at the same
place declared that it would be
violating the same "Golden Rule"
to rob th« owners of their slaves.
In the first instance, the convention represented propertyiess people, who owned no slaves, and had
no need of them; in the second
case, it stood for men who had begun to aocumulate property and
needed cheap labor. Evidently the
"Golden Rule" worked both ways,
according to the varying ideas derived from the method of wealth
production ln either case.
A hoarty round of applauso
greeted the speaker's remarks that
the church was a "dying institu
tion," as evidenced by the dosing
of thousands of churches In the
United States d,uring the last few
years. It was not that the work
ers wero loss moral than before;
but they were wiser, in that they
recognized that the church was
the tool of the master class, They
had never been more in earnest
about real Christianity, which was
a matter of right relationship with
one another. While tho church
preached "a beautiful non-resistance," and dispensed "spiritual cocaine," tha working class were beginning to differentiate between
the doctrine of the Nazarene and
that theological institution known
as the church, which for 1500
years had held back the progress
of the world.
The church represented the pre
sent system—reaction, and no pro
gress. It rested on a wrong conception of the universe, and of man
and his relation to his feliow man.
It was identified with exploitation,
with business men, militants and
citizens' leagues.
The Jews, under the yoke of
Rome, hoped for freedom by some
miraculous deliverance; this hope
was sustained by their tradition of
the miraculous deliverance of
their forefathers from the yoke of
Egypt, and also by the promises
of their prophets that "none ahould
make them afraid," that they
should "plant vineyards and eat
the fruit thereof," and so forth,
To quote suoh prophecies now was
"sedition," according to the judges
at Winnipeg; it was indeed treason
to the present systom. Similarly,
the movemonts under Spartacus,
Eunus nnd others were revolts
against the yoke of Rome, It_was
all "part of the class struggle
which has existed since the first
slave bowed under the lash and
will continue till tho last slave is
froe." The early Christians, how
over, knew that force of arms was
useless; they had a different weapon—propaganda.
When Jesus Christ began his
campaign, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, opened
the book and read aloud his mission—to preach the gospel to the
poor, to give deliverance to the
captives, etc. The rulers were
angry, and would have hurled him
to death from the brow of the hill,
but he escaped. Their anger showed that his message was one of
emancipation for the common people; tho fact that the rulers were
antagonistic, and put to death
thousands of the early Christians,
showed that tho movement was
one for ths emancipation of the
workers from slavery. The preach
ers dared not teach this In the
churches today, or they would be
oast adrift. "Dozens of them are
waiting for you to make It possible
for them to come down from the
pulpit and preach ihe real gospel
of tho Nazarene." Suoh as Ivens
and Woodsworth had already been
big enough to do so. (Loud applause.)
As to the "manifesto of the Nazarene," the speaker said that there
was a wonderful display of class-
consciousness in the first three
gospels. The sermon on the mount
—delivered at a propaganda meeting—had a message for the peacemakers, the poor, and the persecuted. The "kingdom of heaven,'
held out to them, was "not a state
which exists after you turfr up
your toes," (Laughter.) But a
state of communism which was to
be established on earth right away
—"jhfjt as we say the knigdom of
production for use is going to take
place in the very near future.
John the Baptist nnd the Apostles
taught along similar lines; the people who believed In brotherhood
were'going to have the kingdom.
On the other hand, the church
taught the slave virtues, suoh as
"obedience," the "original sin" of
their system was disobedience and
tlie pursuit of knowledge.   On the
10 SEA
Soviet Forces Hard on the
Heels of Fleeing
London, — Moscow wirelbas despatches cluiui additional extensive
victories for tUo Rod forces in Siberia.
Soviet armies kave ommiod the
town of Berczov, 400 mile* northwest of Tobolsk, taking throe steamers laden with Hour aud othor food
supplies, ono communique said. Anothor reported ihe capture of tho
villago of Yauvcrsky with 125,000
tons of coal.
Bolshovik forces also havo occupied Taiga station on tho Siberial
Hailway, capturing 87 locomotivoB,
2,000 cars and a quantity of muni*
tions, it was cluimed.
Moro thun four thousand square
miles wore lost recently by Genoral
Donikin's troops in thoir forcod retreat boforo tho army of the Ukrainian peoplo's republic in Southwest-
ern Russia, according to cabled information received today at Ukrainian headquarters.
Booty captured was mostly *of
English origin, it was claimed.
The Reds, cluiin further successes
against Donikin. Soviet forces are
approaching Odessa, they doclardd,
and tho unti-Bolshcvik inhabitants
of that oity aro fleeing in terror toward Constantinople.
The Rods also claimed tho capture
of Mariupol, an important port on
the Sea of Azov. Denikin's forces
defending Mariupol fled, partly in
steamers and partly along tho coast,
tho Bolshovik asserted.
At the Empress
Next week tho Empress Stock
Company will have a gtgantftc production of that groat big play on
titlod "Thc Big Ideal," and tho
scenic artist and builders as well as
the actors havo been extremely bus'
getting it ready. "Tho Big Idonl'
really tells a story withiu a story,
and is so brimfull of unexpected incidents that one never knows what
is coming noxt. In writing this big
play the author evidently intended
to play upon tho human emotions of
his uudieuco in almost evory minute
of his story, and the foct that it
has proven ono of tho biggest box
offico winners frota tho Atlantic to
tho Pacific, proves conclusively that
you should seo it. Margarot Marriott und Etta Delmas as well ss all
the other favorites of tho companv,
will havo the best opportunity in
weohs to show their roal acting
ability, and Mr. Lawless* sconic
production will bo ono of tho real
triumph of his long artistic career.
Give a little encouragement to our
contrary, the speaker insisted that
"disobedience is the first virtue—
the cause of all progress" The
very fact of going off the beaten
track means disobedience. True
Christianity was not based on faith,
but on right relationship with one
another—a right mental attitude—
and "never mind about faith in
gods of devils or things of that
kind." Tlio Good Samaritan had
a right conception of man's relationship with man in order that
progress might take place*; yet he
knew nothing of theology, and had
never heard of Jesus.
Touching again on the belief
that a "miraculous cataclysm" was
going to bring about the Christian
ideal, the speaker remarked: "The
fact that they are persecuted by
thfi ruling class should make us
have a warm feeling for the Bible
Students." Jesus, in the sermon
on the mount, said things more
violent than they dared say today.
"I hardly dare quote them—-I
might get what Woodsworth got."
(Laughter.) It wan not the Gentle
Jesus which tho church had tauglit,
but the Great revolutionist against
the brutality of the rulers of Rome;
not that these, however,, were
very much worse thnn they were
today in the United States,
"The greatest thing in the world
today is tho fact that the Bolsheviki ln Russia are holding their
own and conquering their enemies." (Applause.) "That Star
In the east has burst forth as a consuming flame—to consume the present social system and compel the
ruling class to get down and do
their share, or starve." (Renewed
Tho tragedy of Calvary was the
tragedy enacted all through the
afees when the workers had revolted against the ruling class. But
the blood of the martyrs was the
seed of revolt. For every one shot
down by the thugs 0t the ruling
class, many others arose. The
kingdom of heaven did not come
by a miracle, as expected. Humanity had flrst to go through
feudalism, chattel slavery and
capitalism. Now ,at last, the king.
dom was "at hand."
For a special presentation to either lady or gentleman, there's nothing so permanent as a Birks'
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Ladies' Kings from $25     Gentlemen's from $50
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Managing Dir.
OranvUle snd
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Evenings 8.20
Other Big Fenturos
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When you »niwor tho telephone,
yon ara courteous in your answer If
you are answering a busineu tele*
phone, however, it would be more
courteous if instead of Baying "Hello," you announced the name ol Ihe
firm or department. One greets another on tho street with "Hullo," but
then ono sees the other and there ia
no need to announce the person speak*
Ing. On tho tolephono It is different.
You anticipate what a person wants
to Know when you reply to a vail,
"Thia is Hoe & Company, Mr. Blank
Cnlon Officials, writ* for prlcea.  We
Phone Seymoar 2482
"The Big
Featuring Margaret Marriott
A Qreat Flay with a Gigantio
283 Abbott Stroet,
Sunday, » p.m. Men's Brotherhood
"Hm Life and Teaching of
Marshal Foch"
Speaker—Prof. Max Eastman.
Soloist—Mr, W. II. Dunlop, "No*
Doors Open 2:30 p.m.
1160 Oeorgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.in. and 7.80 p.m,
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, S p.m. Free reading room,
901-903   Birks   Bldg.
Bank of Toronto
Assets over .
Joint Saving! Aooount
A JOINT Sarlnse Account ner be
opened al Thi Baak ef Toronto
la thi oame af two or more
persona. Ia theae accouata either
party mar elan ehequea or depoelt
money. For the different memben
of a farotlr or a 0nn a Joint aoeouat
u often a greet convenience. Intereat
la paid on balancea.
Vancouver Branch!
Oorner Baitinp tat OamUo Simla
Branches at:
Victoria,   Merritt, Haw Westminster
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Follow tht Crowd te Ue
Patricia Cabaret
One block eaat of Emprcii Theatre
SMITH, B. LOVE and tha EEL
Interpret the latert aong hltt, at-
aisled by Tht Bronat laat But
Music, 8 p.m. te 1
Bins "f Pbone Sermon UN fot
Dr. W. J. Curry
lilte «01 Dominion BuU41n|
Mr. Union Man, do you boy at <
union store! . FBIDAT,,.... January 9, 1920
There are many reasons why Fraser Valley
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Get it from our wagons or Phone Fairmont 1000
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The Royal Bank
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Capital Paid-up
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Total Assets  .$460,000,000
690 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
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Fourteen branchei in Vancourer:
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Cornor Bridge Streot and Broadway Weit.
Cornor Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Cornor Oranvillo and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive,
Cornor Bcvcnteonth Avonue and Main Street.
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Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 29 other
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Ono dollnr opens an account on which interost is paid half-yearly
at current rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. FRAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. O.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Read the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription prioe $2.00 per year; $1.00 for iiz monthi
Address aU communications te
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Jack Harrington Has
Something to Say on
American Democracy
The Empress theatro was crowded last Sunday evening by an audience eager to hear Jack Harrington, of the S. P. of C. Comrade JameB Smith occupied the
chair, and in tho course of his
remarks, announced that the
Western Clarion, which had been
the official organ of the party for
many years, and which had come
under the ban of the censor, had
now again been admitted to mailing privileges, and would re-appear in due course.
Comrade Harrington said the
iiiithorities of the United States
had distinguished themselves by
capturing 41)00 reds in the last
week or so. From the viewpoint
of its offflcluls In the United States
v/as a land of liberty, indeed,
whether those, peoplo knew it or
not. The States constitution pro-
vldeed that If not satisfied with
the form ot government, they
might remove it by any means at
their disposal, by force if necessary. Quoting mark Twain to this
effect, the speaker said if It were
ever found f>ut by officialdom that
he had mado such pronouncements, he would lose his place as
a national idol.
In exercising the tyranny they
had recently shown, these authorities no doubt thought they were
stamping out revolutionary ideas,
but they had not read their hiBtory. Something over eighty years
ago men had been sent out from
Great Britain to the colonies, to
Australia and Tasmania for dar-
ing'to form a trade union, and at
other times for placing their own
interpretation upon the Bible and
opposing the Roman Catholic
Church. Every known toVtuoua
device had been used to stop the
growth of ideas; men had been
hunted, starved, impaled and tortured, but tho freedom of expression required by man could not be
quelled. If we would understand
present conditions, we must look
to the past conditions these grew
out of.
We wero all Inter-related. Eaoh
life affected the other, each community, each country. While we
might be able to foretell our own
individual destiny, we could not
outline tho exact course society
muat take. Some Ave years ago,
a crazy Servian shot a crazier
duke. Then we had war. But
there had been conditions existing
that bred war. Epochal changes
had taken place throughout the
course of man's history. That
history was bespattered with class
conflict. The coming of the steam
engine saw the beginning of the
wane of the power of the landlords,
Whatever stage of human development we might examine, we could
find a nominal power and a real
power. In some caess the nominal
power had endeavored to assert
domination, as in the case of
Charles I. and Louis XVI, but
they fell before superior forces.
These forces at any time expressed themselves through such
Instruments as may have been at
hnnd. John Hampden had refused to obey the law, and was a re
be), subject to abuse and opression
during his day, but the triumph
of those forces dictating his ao
tions saw a corresponding change
in the estimation of what became
known as liberal thought. Those
forces broke through tho coaet
of conservatism and established
another expression of conservatism, against pressure from under-
neath, this time from the working
class. A new method of breaking
the law had been effected. In
Canada it took the form of order-
in-council, -in the United States,
injunction, and ln Creat Britain
cabinet order. The vast multitude
of tho people who performed all
the useful work had no say in the
govornment of affairs. Tho varl
ous governments had from time to
time thought the removal of a few
Labor leaders would remove unrest, but if there was a reason for
their existence, then no display ot
force could remove them. The machinery of wealth production was
continuously changing and developing, and society must chango
and grow in ita ideas to meet its
Working men were now studying
those sciences that had immediate
bearing on their lives and conditions and their voice was being
heard In every land. Their conclusion and our conclusion was
that no solution to the problems
confronting society today was possible but ownership by the workers of those tools of wealth production in their overy day use.
"Deliver Us from Evil"
A Lay Serraafc to the Preachers of Sermons
My dear oarth-born brothers, with' >
whom I have much in sympathy.
(that is with the best of you), I
mako no apology for daring to
preach to you, the monopolists in
the science and art of preaching, because it will be a change for you
and you may enjoy it; beeause you
have preached to me quite a number of times and because the best
of us are liable to accept tho established view of things and smugly
and complacently regard ourselves
as littlo shining vessels of light in
a dark world, whilo we are but fantastic and futile will-o'-the-wisps,
flashing and flickering in a pestitfor-
oils marsh—i.hich is tho world of
men today.
A Little Corrective
Aa a little corrective for that
smug complaconcy, that offensive
sense of self-righteousness and self-
importance which most of you (but
not tho best of you) are afflicted,
I am going flrst to givo you, in as
few words ai possible, a birdscye
view of the known universe in
which our earth plays its,insignificant yot all-impoittnnt purt.
But I pray you, my reverend masters, not to imagine for one moment that I am presenting this to
you as a. means of instructing you
that which every schoolboy
knows, or should tyiow, but.merely
to vividly awaken certain Impressions in ail our brains so that
the resulting picture may for a
passing moment remind us that our
ephemeral, insect existences are not
of that surpassing importance we, as
individuals may, and do, sometimes
Tho little planet, the stage on
which yott and all of ub perform
our puny parts in life's drama, is
swinging age after age around its
parent sun et a spoed of a thousand miles a minute or over sixteen
miles a seeond, taking three hundred
and sixty-five days to porform one
revolution, so that if you are mathematically inclinod you can soon determine the distance you are carried
each year, yet without sense of motion and in perfect comfort and security.
Again our little plaffet is spinning
top-like on its axis at a verying
speod but at its widest part of over
a thousand milos an hour, and yet
thoro is no sensation of movement
and snugly and safely are we car-
(By Nemesis)
pleasing In their iridescence, but
feeble as those bubbles in the fight
with the hosts of evil, so that that
evil has grown ever in increasing
proportion till today it holds ehaotio
sWay over all the earth.
Discontent tbe Portion of Majority
Discontent, weariness and actual
want are the portion of the great
majority of "the sons of earth while
tho more fortunate few, revel in
luxury and have a plethora of all
earth's goods.
Chaos, black, revolting, moral
chaos in all truth!
Through thoso past nnd wasted
conturios you havo piled up your palatial buildings and comfortably and
smugly allied yourselves with the
earth-owners and have oaten and
drunk with tho worshippers of
Mammon and tho foundation of your
CRtublibbmoiit rests on tho unstable
sand and tho barron things you
huve created shall pass into thc
oblivion which awaits all untruths
id everything which is not built
on tho unshakcable foundation of
love—for all other things aro evils.
Must Bear Responsibility
Until recently man has not exercised his supremo gift of reason, fof
it did not suit tho followers of Mammon that ho should do so, and they
havo thrown dust in his oyos and
clouded the reason which was
given to him for his salvation.
Thoso earth-owners choso for
themsolves the things which aro
seon and ure unstable and discarded
the eternal realities whioh aro hidden from our^cyes but yet are ours
for tho seeking; they chose grood
for their god and cast love, tho
8avior, to the winds and the rosult
is aU that you find in the world today—misery and moral wreckage—
and they who think and reason and
see cannot exoneruto you from the
responsibility bocauHe of your unholy alliance with tho earth-ownors
who are tho sons of Mammon.
At Last Use Reason
But I say to you tho ono sign of
tho times today which fills all lovers of .-justice with a great and holy
Joy is tho fact that tho non-ovyners
as a wholo are at last beginning to
exerciBo thoir divino faculty of
reason and will no longer be put off
By  specious  argument  and  mystic
f thrcatenihgi of the earth rulers, nor
yet by the prejudiced findings of
their courts of injustice naked and
Deliver Us from Evil
And thoy see that peace and love
can never hold beneficent sway on
our sin-eclipsed and suffering planot
till the conscienceless and besotted
purloiners have been forcod to disgorge their illgottcn possessions and
the whole of humanity has regained
its rightful inheritance.
"Deliver us from evil."
Ayt deliver us from evil by uprooting tho tree of evil itself, which
is earth-ownership and the diabolical greed it has fostered in those
owners and mado veritable wolves
of them, hungry evor for the spoil
and tho booty and indifferent ovor
to tho condition of thcir follow
travellers along the shortening vale
of life.     *
Moat Choose
But tho day is fast approaching,
my reverend masters, when you
must choose botwoon two courses;
either you must throw in your forcos
with tho earth's disinherited and
work for tho answer to your prayor
for deliveranco from evil or you
must go down into tho abyss, awaiting tho worshippers of Mammon,
the upholders of the things - that
perish and tho flouters of tho gospel of love—tlmt gospol which for
two thousand years you have supported with mountains-of verbiage
and molehills of deeds.
Ay! now must you soon maka
choice, tay brothers, between the
greod of Mammon nnd the all-om-
bracing love of Christ; between the
earth-Just of the few and tho yearning for a full measure of liberty
and love, of thc disinherited many:
between the shibboleths of the purloiners of God's earth aud tho cries
of their suffering victims, between
—the dovil and your God.
rlod in our whirling flight Mo«uA ituing*., but aro looking tho hard
of tho equilibrium   established   by/ ,  ^ of" ]ifo fu]1 ifl tho faco and
realizing tho injustice that rules tho
world and their deductions founded
Named Shoes are frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP,
All Bioes without the UUION STAMP an always Non-union
Do not acoopt any ox™** ,or a1,Mnc* °' *~ Union Stamp
OOIjLIS LOVELY, Oenori.1 President—CHAB. L. BAOTS, General 3w,-Tre»i.
Broateh Is Re-elected
' Calgary.—Labor has not made any
gains on tho aldermanic board, but
is rejoicing in the return of Aid.
A. A. Broateh, for tho third term.
Mr. Broateh was elocted for a one-
year term in 1916, headed the polls
in 1017, and has boon ro-olected with
the socond highest poll. Aid,
Broateh is the leading O. B. U. member, and many thought that because
of those activities, might suflor defeat. Ho is a particularly energetic
and conscientious alderman, and has
the respoct of muny, both insido and
out of the ranks of labor, who are
opposed to his views on industrial
organization. Labor elected two
moro and now has threo mombors on
tho school board, Mrs. Corso having
boon elected last year.
The Ocucva International has boen
postponed. Borno of tho European
Socialists want a now International,
othors want an amalgamation of tho
Second and Third International,
while others think it best to let matters drift along for a while.
Patronizo Fed. advertisers.
counteracting forces; but try and
imagine tho curious, spiral courei
you aro taking in your unfolt High'
euch year round our sun and which
is the result of tho earth's -double,
Earth Only a Drop in Cosmos
To give you somo idea of the dis-
tanco covcrod in your yearlyswhirl
on our planot, I toll you it wo.uld
take an airplane, travelling with-,
out stop at one hundrod miles an
hour, just six hundred yoaTB to' do'
the same journey. Think of it if
you can.
But our earth is only a drop in
tho ocean, a grain of sand upon tho
great seashore of tho Cosmos.
Turn your eyea to the heavens on
a clear still night and you see a
countless host of stars, which aro
suns, radiating light and lieut as
doos our own sun, into tho voids
of the stellar spaces. And those you
can soo aro but an infinitcsimully
small fraction of tho suns of the
Cosmos; for the tolescope has ro-
voaled milions moro and the sensitive plate of tho camera still moro
millions, the number known amounting to nearly two hundred millions,
and some of these aro said to bo millions of times greater than our own
You cannot imagine it; you cannot evon think of it. Thought
withers and wilts away in the attempt.
Our own sun besides our earth
has tither satellites (planets, planetoids and comets) whilring around
it, and if thoso two hundred million
suns are likewise furnished then try
and think of tho probably worlds
like our own, tho homos of organic
lifo and beauty and love.
The thought is overpowering and
even the worst of you must pnuso
and bogin to wonder if there bo
such a thing as human importance
outsido your own imaginings.
But l, have kept tho grontcst
wonder to the last. Our sun with
ts satellites is winging with incredible velocity somewhoro into tho
unknowable void of things and is
it not conceivable that just as our
planets revolve around tho sun so
tho sun Itself and all the two hun-
dred million known and all the unknown suns, aro revolving round one
centre, inconceivable In its immensity, but from which emanate
tho life-waves, and mind-waves, and
lovo-waves, those otornal realities
which must ultimately gravitate
baok to that central and eternal
homo—which is God.
I havo just drawn your attention
to a universe inconcoivnble to our
finite minds, yet each sun and each
molecule of it, held in its place by
the working of eternal unseen laws,
and all whirling and spinning and
pulsing through tho oeons till tho
final day of its destiny in whieh
you and I, as mind atoms, may play
a final part.
And among all those millions upon
millions of sunlit, potentially
habitable worlds I have endeavored
to bring to your imagination doyoo
think it possiblo there can bo anothor such us ours, which physically beautiful though it be, is eclipsoa
by tho black and revolting shadow
of linf
The One Stronghold of Evil
I cannot think so, for surely it
must ba the solitary exception in
all that puro and immeasurable
Cosmos—tho ono blot, the one
stronghold of evil, tho one hell in
an othorwiso perfect creation.
And, my doar brothers, havo you
not, you and your predecessors, for
nearly two thousand yc.rs, blindly
rcpeatod those pregnant words,
"Deliver us from evil I" Ay!
through century after century have
the thought-waves bearing your
prayors beaten in vain against the
great mind-centre of the unlvorse
because words without doodo aro at
a discount there; and the floods,
which have accompanied your
prayers through those long centuries, have been but   as   bubblos,
on tho rock of clear reasoning can
not be shaken by tho. breath of so-
phistry nor by tho wrath and   tho
Labor Deprived of Offices
By New French Elec-
torial System
(By the Federated Press)
Paris—Tho operation of the new
French election system was even
more striking in its failure to give
the people proportional representation In the final municipal elec
tions than in the legislative elec
tiotm of Nov. 16.
The December municipal elections returned 21 council members
out of SO in Paris.
These 21 polled 104,000 votes,
whilo the 38 national bloc candidates wero elected on a total poll
of only 90,769.
Outside of Paris the elections
were more equitable. Twenty of
the most populous .suburbs were
swept by tho Socialist Party, and
In 14 large towns Socialist mayors
wero elected. Lyon, Lille, Marseille, Brest, Strasbourg and Toulon are among the cities won by
the Socialist Party.
Betweon Nov. IS and Nov. 30,
the date of the primaries, the Socialist poll increased in some places
by CO per cent,, and Lho increase
continued between the primaries
and the final elections.
Get into a pair of feal
loggers'boots. My stitch-
down boot is an improved
shoe pack with the Upper
stitched to the sole, making a flexible boot. My system of making the arch
and heel gives you a boot
that will not turn over or
break in the shank. Calks
guaranteed not to come
out. Any height top.
WIDTH8-0, E, 2B, SB
and 4B
SIZEB-4 to 12
51 HASTINGS STEEET WEST.  Opp. Columbia Theatr*
Calgary-.—Tho Calgary tradea and
labor counoil passed a resolution, in*
troduccd by Alex. Boss, M.L.A., recently, in favor of taking every
step to secure a national protest
against tbe conviction of Russell,
which   ho   claimed   was   a   knock
against the principlo of the sympathetic strike which laborites, affiliated with international organist-
tions, eould not accept.
Mention tho Iteration 1st wh«»
you make a purchase at a tlmt.
10 Sub. Carrfs
Good for ono year's lubieriptlOB to tke
B. O. FedentlonUt, will bt mailtd l»
ear ftddreu U Canada for |17.60.
(Oood anywhere Mtiid* of Tancourif
city.) Order tea toflfcy. Eamlt whanaoli.
Tho mayor of Ketchikan, Alaska,
has allowed the Seattle Union Record to be sold in that city, but has
not changed his attitude towards
the B. C. Fedorationist and Tho
Forgo, tho soldiers and sailors paper of Seattle. Tho workers of
Ketchikan, however, are still getting
tho Fed, through tho mails.
"We turn back history* pages,
And read of kings and queens
Of prlncei and princesses,
Of men of power and meant.
But seldom do we hear tho tale
Of how the ancient poor
Have  lived  and  suffered,  fought
and died,
Through pestilence and war.
We've heard about the suffering
i Of Cleopatra when
The slave brought news that Anthony
Had fallen with his men.
But did we hear about the pain
Of mothers, sweethearts, wives,
When they had newa that their
brave men
Had given up their livos?
They were the ancient lowly,
Too poor, indeed, to care,
Yet this great world is built upon
Tho  strength  which  once  they
To theso we owe a greater debt,
These men who fell behind,
'Twaa they who had the serength
to do
The power behind the mind,
So you  may read  of kings and
And Blgh o'er saints so holy.
But I am proud that I hare sprung
The humble ancient lowly,
r-M, E, Dooley.
Exceptionally Fine Suit Values for Men
It's a real pleasure to us to have such
'fine suits to oiler our trade. Those who
respond to this announcement will
surely endorse our judgment when we
say that these garments represent a
very decided improvement in all-round
value. Every man who has a suit to buy
should make a point of inspecting them
and let his own eyes and fingers decide
the truthfulness or otherwise of these
$35.00—Banuockbura Tweed Suit, in heather mixture. A suit with obvious hard and
long-wearing qualities. It is cut in a smart
1hrec-button sack style with well balanced
lines, soft rolling lapel and well tailored
$45.00—A medium shade of grey diagonal
tweed, made by one of .the best manufacturers in tho trade. Three-button saok style,
dressy and a decidedly good wearing suit
Thc collar and shoulders are tailored entirely
by hand and can be depended on lo retain
their good lines.
$45.00—A Blue Irish Serge Suit. We have
only been able to secure a limited number
of these suits to sell at this price. Our next
shipment will cost considerably more money.
It is a decidedly dressy model, and the material is of good weight. The linings and in-
tcrlinings of this suit are particularly good.
$32.50—This value cun not bo equalled any.
where. We are overstocked in sizes 36 and
37, which is the reason why we are making .
this offer. A conservative model for the man
of quiet but dignified tasto. A service giver
nt a low figure.
Get the Best Hat Values
Available at Spencer's
THE KING HAT—A smooth, soft folt, in thc very newest
shapes, styles and colors. For finish and general turnout, this hat leaves nothing to be desired, being beautifully lined with silk of different shades. Price ....$7.50
THE BROCK HAT—Anothor first-grade fur felt in all the
latest styles nnd colors. Price $6.00
THE EASTERN HAT—A Donegal tweed that can ba
worn in any desired style, has well-stitched crown and
brim and is admirably adapted for this season of the
year,   Prico  $4.50
THE WILKINSON HAT-Is a good, serviceable hat for
general wear and represents thc best value in the
trade at $4.00
CAPS—An immense variety here in Donegal, Scotch and
English tweeds $1.25 to $3.50
—Men's Store, Main Floor
A well-made, roomy suit, mado of
good quality soft flunnolctto, in
nut Btripo patterns. Woll worth
$3.50. You will search a long
whilo to flnd t valuo near so good.
Salt prico   (2.75
Whito   cotton   nightshirts;
good   weight,   scrvicouble,
roomy cut; with collar, al-
so opon nock. Salo prico (1
15 dozon only, heavy worsted
coats, in heather, brown and molo.
Choice of shawl nud militnry collar. A serviceable coat for mon
doing hnrd work. Vnluo today
for $4.00. Sizoa 36 to 40. Salt
prico    (2.95
twelfth year.   No. 2    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     Vancouver, b. o.
FRIDAY. January 9, 1920
Parisian Cloak & Suit Co.
The Sale Has Already
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Priced Within Easy Reach of Every Person of
Modest Means
DRESS GOODS to be closed out slick and clean
See our windows. Every rack, table and
counter piled high with bargains. Come
and witness hundreds of people honestly saving money.
606 Granville Street
Oppoiite Colonial Theatre
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—President, V. R. Midgley;
vIee-pmMent, E. Winch; secretary, d.C.
Wood; treaiurer, J. Shaw; sergeant-at-
iimi, W. A, Alexander; truiteei, W. A.
Fritebard, J. Marshall, H. J. Prltchard,
*~   W. Tonagash.
elt—lleeta   aecond   Monday   ln   tne
Month.    Preaident, J. F. McConnell; sec-
8tary, R. H. Neelanda. P. 0. Box 66.
and Reinforced Ironworkari, Local 97
*-M«eta aeooad and foarth Mondayi.
Pmldent Jai. Haitingi; flnanclal see-
tetary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
818 Labor Temple,
218—Meeti at 440 Pender Street
Weit, erery Monday, 8 p.m. Presl'
dent, It. H. Woodilde. 440 Pender W.;
reeordlnc iecretary, J. Murdock, 440 Pender Street Weit; financial secretary and
kuslnesi agent, E. H. Morriion, 440
Pander Street Weit; Militant aeeretary,
F. R. Burrows.
Unit of tha 0. B. U.—Meetings every
Monday, 7:80 p.m., Labor Templo. President, F. L. H&nt; secretary-treasurer,
W. A. Alexander, Room 216, Labor Tem-
pit.    Phone, Seymour 8960.	
ployees, Local 28—Moots every first
Wednesday In the month at 2:30 p.m.
and every third Wednesday in the month
At 0 p.m. President, John Cummings,
aeeretary and business agont, A. Graham.
Offlee and meeting hall, 614 Pendor St.
W. Phone Sey. 1681. Office hours, 8
a.m. to 6 p.m.
era' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fn-
dayi, 205 Labor Templo. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granvillo Street; secretary-
treasurer, D, J. Bnell, 244—28th Ave. E.
Cumber   workers'   industrial
Union of tho One Big Union—Affiliated
with B. C. Fedoration of Labor and
Vancouver Tradei and Labor Council—
An Industrial union of all workers ln
togging and construction camps. Head-
nuarttn, 61 Cordova Street West, Vanconver, B. C. Phone Sey. 7850. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald & Co., Vancouver, 11. C.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
ft Chfetie, Vancouver, B. C.	
Association, Local 38-62—Offlco and
hall, 604 Pender Street Went. Meets Ilrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Peter Sinclair. _____________
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 643—
Meeta first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temnle, 8 p.m. President,
John Stark; flnanolal secretary and busl-
oess agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer
era' Unit of tbe One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. C, headquarters, 61 Cordova Streot Wost. All
workers engaged in thin Industry ara
arged to join the Union before going on
the job. Don't wait to be organlied, but
organise yourself.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets aecond and fourth
Mondayi, Room 204 Labor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; flnanclal secrotary, E, God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording secretary, J. D. Russell, 928 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.
Shipyard laborers, riggers and
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 3BA,
Series 5—Meets tho 2nd nnd 4th Fridays
Of the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
Presidont, George Mansell; flnanclal sec-
tetary and business agent, M. Phelps;
•orreepondlnir secretary, W, Lee.    Ofllce,
Room 20Wj.ib©r_Teiiip!o_.	
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, Mount Pleasant,
1st and Srd Mondaya at 10,15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Preaident, W. H. Cottrell; recording
iecretary, F. E. Griffin, 5410 Commercial
Drive;    treasurer,    E.     ft.     Cleveland;
^nolol    iecretary    and bnsiness agent,
d A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive; office
corner Prior and Main streets.
(Teamiten, Warehousemen, Auto He*
chanics, etc.)—Meats every Wednetday
at 152 Cordova Street Eait. Preildent,
J. Shaw; aeoretary, C. A. Read, 2844
Prinze Edward Btreet. Office: 152 Cordova Street East,
Meets last Sunday of each month at
2 p.m. President, W. S. Thomson; vice-
president, C. H. Collier; secrctary-treai-
urer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
In annual convention in January. Ex-
cntivB officers, 1918-10: Preaident, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Com*
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurphy; West Kootenay, SUveiton, T. B. Roberta; Crow's
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treaaurer, A. S.
Wells, Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.	
and Labor Council—Meets flret and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, E. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Sivertz, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. C.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every leeond and fourth Tiiesday in tho 0. B. U.
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, nt 8 p.m. Meetinga open to all 0.
B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D,
S. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rupert, B.O.
Tokio—Attention wns attracted
in an unusual manner to the abject condition of the poor in thla
Industrial metropolis, when at a
recent theatre performance a
young Japanese threw himself
from the balcony of the Imperial
theatre into a group of millionaires seated In the orchestra. Ho
declared that he was doing this as
a public protest against tho luxury
of the rich. Tho young man was
seriously Injured In the fall; the
millionaires were unharmed.
Antwerp—The Belgian port was
tied up for 24 hours when a general strike was catted to protest
aganist tho imprisonment of Deputy Jamar, a Socialist political
prisoner. The professional unions
and transport workers joined the
metal workers in the demonstration.
Turkey ond thc Allies aro having
tlieir hnnds full trying to put down
revolts led by Moustnfa Knmal
Pacha, who had formed tho anti
ally party in Turkey and has opened
negotiations with the Bussian Bolshevik leaders.
Donations to Klmbei-Iy Strike Fund
(Continued from pago 3)
Nelson  (Burke)   108.00
Dec. —, By cheque re Thompson, see. Loggers, Cranbrook   72.00
Amounts credited to  Harvey   and
Dingwall   aro   amounts   forwarded
through the district office,
Sec. Kimberley Miners,
ViCiUKlA 01U.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only bc procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
•—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Hold Concert and Dance
and Hear Chas.
Victoria O. B. U. starts the new
year well, A very successful and
enjoyable little concert and dance
was held on Jan. 7, at the excellent
IC. P. Hatl, hitherto sacred to the
meetings of "American Internationals" and similar secret societies.
But before that, they had Comrade Chas. Lestor over to speak at
an open forum meeting in the
Crystal theatre on Sunday, the 4th.
These open forums are held fortnightly, and of course depend for
much of their usefulness and interest on the discussoln following
the lecture.
This time they were lucky; a
fine evening, a good crowd, appreciative attention, useful questions
aBked and answered. Comrade
Ellis ln the chair, and a $20 collection.
Comrade Lestor, after more or
less respectfully assuring his audience that he saw nothing in them
to be afraid of, they were so tame,
plunged at once into his subject
by the statement that the One
Big Union is established on a frank
recognition of the fact that under
the present system, Labor power,
the only possession of the working man or woman, is a commodity for sale; a commodity is something produced, not for the use of
the producer, but for sale, at a
price roughly determined by the
cost of production; and huriian
beings are also for sale so far as
their capacity for labor is concerned, and the resulting product
of their labor power becomes
therefore the property of their
He described the "merry circle"
of the worker's life. He goes to
work to get the money to buy
food to renew the strength to go
to work to get the money to buy
the food to renew the strength to
go to work to—and so on! (Laughter.) But it is no laughing matter. The purchaser of labor power
also works in a vicious circle; he
has to sell his goods and make a
proflt to flnd the capital and pay
the wages to make the goods, and
so on, and sooner or later he has
to say "stop" to the producing machine.
'But I want a job," says the
worker. "Very weU," says the
owner of the wealth produced by
Labor. "Buy up all these goods,
and then I can hire you to make
some more!" But It can't be did!
The workers, of course, do not receive in wages sufficient to bify
back more than a mere fractoln of
the wealth they produce, hence
the imperative necessity for more
markets than the home market.
Foreign markets and yet more
markets, ever getting smaller and
more crowded.
Itesult: Wars and rumors of
wars, ever-growing armies and navies, clashing "Imperialistic"
schemes, the inevitability of war
as a feature of capitalism, the
late world war as a terrible example.
The speaker forecasted revelations about to be made public as
to manipulations ln the European
operations and the competing
struggles of rival gangs of financiers who hold the yorld's peace
in their hands. Even now "diplomatic relations are severely strained"—and another great war is
quite possible!
The whole capitalist system Is a
traffic In human flesh and blood,
and that system still obtains—except in Russia—(applause) where
a torch Is lighted which shows the
way to human Emancipation, because there labor power is not a
commodity, and the self-government of the workers is establishing production for uso instead of
production for proflt.    (Cheers.)
The solution of the whole
trouble is so simple, if we would
but see it, and do it. The produc-
toin of wealth is already largely
social and co-ordinated—it Is In
the distribution and exchange
that anarchy and chaos are so obvious, and so Inevitable so long as
"proflt" is the fetish.
Unrest" is universal today, and
more intelligent than it used to be;
people were beginning to realize
that wholesale sabotaging and
gambling ln foodstuffs and necessities was unconcernedly carried
en by the wire-pullers of the financial experts, and that they had
also "watered the whiskey"—390
million dollars more paper money
issued than there was gold to
cover It!
What wonder, then, at the
'shrinking dollar" and the H, C.
of L.?
But the late war had helped
some to a little understanding;
some who had fought sincerely for
the dear old land "liberty," as
they thought, and who now flnd in
Canada nothing much British but
Uie flag! American methods were
used and American "law" quoted
lo crush the Winnipeg strike, and
the master class and the government woro boosting tho A. P. of
U, which was nothing but the political instrument of the ruling
class of the United States.
But 1920 Is to seo greater
changes than 1919. We know our
class Is the only indlspensible class,
the only useful portion of society,
and wo have to complete the process of Socialization abandoned by
a defunct and bankrupt capitalist
system. We have to own the
wealth we collectively produce, to
tnke control and arrange harmonious and co-operative distribution of all the good things of life.
Employers Determined to
Crush Militant Spirit
of Labor       fijj
[By W. Francis Ahern]
There are some serious pro*
lems facing the workers of New
Zealand, which if not handled with
care, might easily cause a reaction
In the Industrial section of tho Labor movement ln that country.
Ever since the conclusion of the
war, employer* have made a determined attempt to crush the
militant spirit existing In the industrial movement of New Zealand, and have tried every device
in order to try and splti tme work
ers' movement. AH sorts of in<
ducements are being held out to
the workers if they will desert
their militant organizations—that
of profit-sharing being the most
common. Though this Is something new in New Zealand, workers there know something of Its
operations elsewhere. In one or
two places, the workers have fell
for it only to flnd out the error of
their way in short time. Here Is
how it worked out tn one place,
where it was going tn full working
order. Six workers reduced tho
labor time for the manufacture of
certain commodities by eight hours
per man—by speeding up. Each
of the men received, as 'profit,"
four hours wages above the agreement rates, but the employer appropriated the other 24 hours'
time. In other words, he shared
their wages with them, tn addition
to getting his usual profits. Of
course this lesson was necessary to
teach the workers of New eZatand
the futility of "proflt sharing."
Tbe Big Danger
But the big danger facing the
New Zealand workers Is the colored labor question. Chinese and
Indian labor is favored by a section of large employers in New
Zealand, and although the politicians are not brazen enough to
openly advocate it, signs are not
wanting that they are willing to
have this class of labor introduced
into that country. New Zealand
has received the mandate f>V£r
Samoa, and her politicians are going to perpetuate the indenture I
Chinese and Indian coolie tybp*
system Introduced by the German!.
This means a backdoor for ityten-
tured Labor into New Zealpiic,
just as Fiji was in the past, if Already farmers in New Zealand! ar.*
screaming for cheap black lqboi,
because of the heavy taxation, ap)
unless the workers themsqlte a
wake up, theywlll get a rude shoe c
in the near future. >'
No* Wliite Man's Job ' *"
Coal proprietors %also evince i
liking for colored labor, but .they
approach it in a somewhat cunning fashion. They say that coal-
getting Is not a white man's job,
tbat It should be got with colored
labor, leaving the cleaner work for
white workers. Note the cunning
scheme of getting cheap tabor into
the mines of New Zealand. Coal
workers in New Zealand feel too
that the bad housing and insanitary conditions they are subjected
to, are enforced on them in the
hope that it is not good enough
for a white man to live there, and
so add another reason for cheap
coolie labor in the coal fields.
It is also known that for a long
time the use of colored cheap labor
has beon mooted for the wharves
and ships, and longshoremen fear
that unless something is dono by
them ln the near future, the gigantic shipping trusts may compel the
use of colored labor there.
It is not a questloriof differences
between white and colored workers; but the question is that of the
unions demanding -a reasonable
standard of living and cheap colored labor with a cheap standard
of living. There are hundreds of
colored men in New Zealand who
are good unionists, and who demand Just as high a standard of
living as a white man, and who
these are welcomed into the unions
by their white fellow workers.
But if a horde of oheap labor coolies are to be run into the country,
and worked at cheap rates, then
the unions of New eZaland have
to put up the best flght they can
to prevent it. If the unions could
feel sure that imported coolie labor
would be paid the samo rates as
that offered to white workers in
New Zealand, there would be no
need for alarm, but unfortunately
they have no such assurance—
rather they have every reason to
believe that the scheme is for thc
purpose of getting cheaper labor,
and at the same time breaking
down the unions in that country.
Amalgamation   of   Two
Units of O. B. U. Are
Satisfactory arrangements havo
been completed between the Engineers and Millworkers Unit of tho
O. B. U. and the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union regarding tho
transfer of all members of the Engineers and Millworkers who ere
employed in the lumber industry
ovor to the Lumber Workers'
As this unit has already voted in
favor of having all mombers who
are not employed in tho lumber industry transfer into the Genoral
Workers' Unit of the O. B. U., the
Engineers and Millworkers will
therefore give up their present
offices at tho Labor Tomplo and will
cease doing business as a separate
unit of the O. B. U. after the end
of tho present month.
So that the organization that has
beon built up by tho Engineers and
Millworkers may be kept intact,
arraugemonts have been made with
the L. W. I. U., which will allow
the Millworkers to continuo holding
their various meetings as a branch
of tho Lumber Workers' Union.
The meetings in districts outsido
Vancouver will be held the same as
usual and arrangements will be made
to hold meetings in Vancouver at
the headquarters of tho Lumber
Workers' Union, which is situated
at No. fil, Cordova Street East.
Secretary W. A. Alexander will
continue to aet as organizer, and
with the knowledge that ho has now
15,000 members behind him, ho
should mako considerable progress
in organizing the Millworkers during the coming spring.
Providing thore b_ not a flnanclal
collapse in tho business world in
tho very near future, thero is no
doubt but that the lumber industry
will be booming during the coming
spring, and as the lumbor Interests
have about doubled tho price of
lumbor it will bo up to the mill-
workers to tako advantage of the
boom by following tho load of their
masters and doubling the prico of
thcir labor power.
Now that tho millworkors have
tho backing of over 15,000 members in the lumbor industry thoy
should seize the opportunity of joining a live organization, when they
will be ablo to at least securo much
better wagos and working conditions than thoy now enjoy, even if
O. B. U. Miners Accept the
14 Per Cent. Increase
But Want No Strings
Calgary—Tho O. B. U. miners
district of Alberta, held a meeting
Saturday and forwarded a resolution to the minister of Labor, stating they were willing to accept the
14 per cent. Increase pending further negotiations which they Insist
must be entered Into and absolutely opposing the recent order of the
fuel commissioner, requiring that
all miners must be members of thp
United Mine Workers of America,
the International organization, or
leave their work.
Tho caso against Barney Both
and Dourasoff, sccrot service agents
ol thc Mounted Police, has boon nd-
joumod until Wodnesday next, January 14, at 2.30 p.m.
they are not quite ablo to go as far
ac their mastors and doublo tho
price of their labor powor, the only
commodity the workers havo to
Secure 280 More Seats on
Parish Councils—Some
Big Shocks
The parish elections held in Scotland during November and December has resulted in a sweeping victory for tho labor party candidates.
Nows recoived to date indicate that
the pnrly has mado a gain of 280
seats in tho parish councils, and
gained control of a great many councils. Tho Coalitionists received sevoral big shocks in those elections and
aro duinfoundod at thc result.
A gain of 45 seats was made in
the county council elections, thereby placing labor in control of a majority of tho Scottish county councils.
A special meeting will be held
In the Labor Temple, Tuesday evening, January ]3, at 8 p.m., by
the Vancouver Co-Operative Society, Ltd. The flrst months business has boen a splendid financial
success. A shipment of goods is
due to arrive any day from the
Co-Operative Wholesale Society of
Great Britain.
Clearance Sale
All Our Winter Overcoats SO Fer Cent. Seduction
MEN'S BUBBEBIZED COATS—$85, .30 and *32
To clear at 	
MEN'S SHIETS-Colorcd Shirts, soft and hard cuffs.
Beg. .1.75 to .2.50.   To clear :	
MEN'S SWEATEE COATS—A range at .5 to *7.50.
To clear ,	
ALL BOTS' OVEECOATS at 20 per cent, discount.
A Big Seduction on several lines of Boys' Suits
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
> ^ Dark grey check,
regular $45.00, for
Green and brown
stripe tweeds, reg.
$45.00, priced at
Fancy heather mixture with over-
check, reg. $45.00,
Grey  tweed  with
green overcheck,
replar $35.00, at
Heather   mixture,
regular $40.00, for
Dark grey pin
stripes, reg. $37.50,
$3.00   and   $3.50
Arrow  Shirts for
A big fine of other
specials that save
> 1 you a lot of money.
Corner Homer Street
Hand the Fed. to your fhopraate
whon you are through with it.
Ut« Royal Crown Soap
land Save the.Coupon*
Stockholm—Affiliation with thfe
third (Moscow) International anfl
a demand that relations with Soviot Russia he established immediately were included in resolutions adopted at the convention
here of the Left Socialists of Scandinavia, About 250 delegates from
Norway, Denmark and Sweden
were present* at the conference,
which was directed by Zachaiy
Hoeglund, a Swede.
Washlne ton—More than *Mi
square miles were lost recently by
Goneral Denlkin's troops- In tjielr
forced retreat before tho army <jf
the Urkiilnlan people's republic
in cabled Information received here
at Ukrainian headquarters. Booty
captured was mostly of English
origin, It was claimed. Denikine'..
army was last reported retreating
in disorder southward toward
Kherson and Odessa.
Sent Free on Trial
Read the Coupon Below! t ^ _$___?__-__:
Mr. Edison's great new phonograph with the Diamond Stylus reproducer, and 12 brand
new Blue Amberol Indestructible 4-Minute Records sent to you on absolutely free trial.
Send no money—;just fill out the coupon below and send it to us at once. We will send you the complete
outfit immediately. No C. O. D. Entertain your family and friends with the latest song hits of the big cities.
Laugh at the side-splitting minstrel shows. Hear anything from Grand Opera to Comic Vaudeville.
Judge for yourself just how much this great phonograph would mean to your home. Decide if you ean get along without it.
After the trial in your own home, make up your mind.   If you decide not to keep the outfit, send it back to us al our exf true.
Only $1^ After Send No Money
If you wish to keep Mr. Edison's
superb new instrument after the free
trial, send ua only $1,00. Pap the balance of
(71.80 for the complete oiitfitin easy payments
of only $0.00 for w months snd $.1.80 for the nth month, tout $7«.so. Remember the ll
brand new Bluu Amberol Indestructible 4-mlnute records are included wltb thla outfit.
Think of U—a $1.00 payment, and a few dollara a month to get this outfit of
Mr. Edison's new phonograph with tho Diamond Stylus reproducer, the lifelike music—the same Blue Amberol'Records—all the musical results of the
highest priced outfit*. Thc finest, the best that money can buy at very much leu than the
price at which Imitations of the Genuine New Edlion Diamond Amberola arc offered.
After years of labor on his favorite invention, Mr. Edison has made the music
of the phonograph true to life. There is no reason now—especially since we
make this rock-bottom offer—why you should be satisfied with anything
less than Mr. Ed lion's genuine instrument. You are tinder no oblliratlon on this free trial
offer. Hear the Ntw Edison Diamond Amberola In your oxen home before vou decfrfe.
Just the Coupon!
Convince yourself first. Get the New Edison Diamond Amberola In your home on free trial.  See wbat a wonderful instrument It is—
how tt brings tlie mimic of the world's greatest singers and players, the sweet old time
melodies, the jokes of the funniest vaudeville actors, all right into your own parlor as
If they were there in person. See for yourself how much you need the New Edtseo
Diamond Amberola in yonr life. See how much happier it will make your home. Just
fill out the coupon anil send lt In. Of course, we donot want to ship an outfit toaper*
ion who can not oflord to at least pay on easy payments (and when you
ret a free trial it must Im understood tlmt you can afford to keep it).
Wet, no one is under nnv obligations to keep an outfit If It Is not entirely
...  If It Is not just what you want for your home, return It at
cur effptnte^v ""■ not we, must Judge what HieEdlion phonograph means
eur expense. ....   ,...„_  r ..„.-r..„	
to you and we accept your decision cheerfully and without question,
U.S.Officii Edlun Block, CUc.», IU.
No obligation lo boy In fending thli coupon; this Is Just an application ftr a Re*Trial <
London.—Thoro is every appearance thnt a new ruilway crisis is developing. Numerous meetings of
railwaymen in tho leading towns today aro adopting a resolution rejecting lho government's offer. The government offer is a compromise, hut
comes at an unfortunate moment following tho Spen Valley election,
which has given tremendous confidence to tho wholo lahor movement,
and the men are.not in a mood to
accept coinpromi*.
F. K. BABSON, Dept. 239, 338 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Pear Mr. Babson:—As per your offer. 1 should like to In nr Ml'. Edison's Wonderful now
I will hnvo the privilege Of lllo rcclehot.om price of $72.SO-direct from you on hpcelal tern
itylo phon on raph In my home on freo trial,   If I decide to keep the rttfit,
 I merely flicroe to tnko the outfit promptly from the depot, pay the amall
press charges, nnd if 1 do not lind It thoroughly salisfactory, I reserve the right to leturn tho outfit at once at your expense.   Otherwiso, I will tend the first pay-
" -' * '"" "   '■"■■'" -: '"' '"ours after the free frJaTorjiB Wtm.a? possible, in no case exceeding one week, and will make monthly payments thereafter of ffi.oO
ment nf $1.00 within forty-eight  ,   _ _  ,
for tl months and fS.SO for lite lUth rnoolh.   Total $73.80.   Tho outfit is to remain yonr property until the last payment   has  bean wade!
to anyone under 21 yeais oi age.    If you are under 'il ask your father, mother or guardian to fill in and sign this coupon for you.)
My namo  Address or R, F. N. No	
(This offer la not ■
Shipping point .
 Stato .
..Ship hy	
 Ship by	
 Married or Singlo .If steadily omployod at a salary pleaso state-
Give name of a resident in your neighborhood and your vicinity.	
...If there is any possibility of
changing your rost-deneo during lho neit year, what will bo your next address? PBIDAY. January », 1B20
twelfth yeab.  N». t     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vakoouvsb, _. a
Saves You Money
The Only MARKET to Offer
EATABLES Direct from
BEEF— Splendid Roarti from 18c per lb.
A Real Special at'70c
BREAD—3 Loaves for 26s
Shop Only at Cal-Van and Make
These Prices Possible
Nut Door to the Res
AU Gars Stop at the Door
Religion and Moral*
Editor B, G. Federationist: Would
Dr. Curry give some explanation of
his perverted views on the abovo
subject. Being an interested but
disappointed listener to his address
on Sunday evening at the Boyal, I
am at a loss to understand anybody
occupying tho platform of tho
P. L, P. playing with such words
as religion and morals. Would Dr.
Curry imagino for one momont an
atheist who repudiates religion is an
immoral person. Ho must know the
lenders of tho progressive movement
in Britain and other countries aro
all antagonistic to religion. Ho
must know Confuscius and Buddha
have both evolved a far superior
code of morals than any of the so-
callod Christian religions. Is it not
a fact that religion is a oloak
to tho vilest of criraosf Doos not
tho church bless the banners of the
army! Whoro would religion be if
it woro not for tho patronago of tho
Slate. Thero is no connection whatever between religion and morals,
and horo I mean by religion, a belief in a Supreme Being, and thero
is no other moaning. Any other use
of tho word is only fooling the people. It is time we called a spado
a spado and used plain language
whon dealing with the most deadly
dope used to chloroform the work;
Yours for plain reasoning,
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
..  Here They Are, Indexed ror Tm
Mr. Union Man, Out Tbls Ont and Give It to Tour Wirt
Bank of Toronto, Hutingi k Cambio; Victorin,. Merritt snd Ntw Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 13 Branches in Vancouver, 29 in B. 0.
..Phont Fairmont U
TiBdalls Limited..,
J. A. Flott	
Pocket Billiard Parlor...
..618 Hastinga Btreet West
 Hastings Btreet WeBt
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)	
Boots and Shoes
.41 Hastings Street Bast
.....Hastings Street East
Goodwin Sboe Co	
Ingledew Shoo Store........
"K" Boot Shop, .
Pierro Paria..,..^™.. „
Wm, Dick Ltd	
.US Hastings Streot East
_.66« Granville Stroot
 .......319 Hastings Street West
 .64 Hastings Stroot Wost
 .....Hastings Street East
Bank Buffet ..
Trocadero Cafe...
..Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
 ....156 Haatinga Street West
China ware and Toys
Millar k Cot. Ltd,,;..  , ..419 Hastings Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k Quigley..  646 Oranvllle Street
Clubb k Stewart..... 309-315 Hastings Streot West
B. C. Outfitting Co... - : 349 Hastings Stroot West
Wm. Dick Ltd  33-49 Hastings Street Bast
Thos. Foster k Co., Ltd..
X W. Foster * Co., Ltd...
J. N, Harvey Ltd...
...514 OranviUe Stroot
Tke Jonah-Prat Co..	
New Tork Outfitting Co...
David Spencer Ltd.... ...
;,W. B. Brumltt...
  .345 Hastings Btreet West
.195 Hastings West and Victoria, B. C.
 401 Hastings Street West
.143 Hastings Stroet West
...................liastiiiRs Stroet
..Cordova Stroot
Thomas k McBain.......
Woodwards Ltd...
Victor Clothes Shop...
S. K. Book 	
  . Oranvillo Stroet
..Hastings and Abbott Streets
..112 Hastings Wost
, 117 Hastinga Street Wost
Kirk ft Co., Ltd;  .999 Main Bt, Soymour 1441 and 465
Macdonald Marpole Co - —1001 Main Stroet
Fraser Valley Dairies    8th Avonue and Yukon Street
Bra. Brett Anderson and Douglas Casselman ...........609 Hastings Wost
Dr. W. J. Curry   301 Dominion Building
Dr. Oordon Campbell  Cornor OranvUle and Bobson Stroota
Dr. H. E. Hall  ......19 Hastings Straet East, Soymour 4042
Dr. Lowe _..._.._......  Cornor Hastings and Abbott Streets
Dr. Orady. .._... Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
 - .«or Hastings and Homer Street!
 „  Westminster Brewery Co.
Bank Buffett.........
Britannia Boer—...
Cascade Beer.	
Hotol Wost	
Pntricia Cabaret...
Bob Roy Hotel...
.Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
.444 Carrall Stroet
Taxi—Soft Drinks...
Van Bros..... .„...
, .411 Hastings Street East
 57 Cordova Street West
 409 Dunsmuir Btrdbt
 .- Ciders and wines
Vancouver Drag Co..
..Any of their six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Clonk A Suit Co - 623 Hastings Street WeBt
Gordon Drysdale Ltd  Granvillo Street
Brown Bros. A Oo. Ltd.... 48 Hastings East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center k Hanna Ltd —1049 Georgia, Seymour 2425
Nunn Thomson A Glegg   - 531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co...
...41 Hastings Street WeBt
Cal-Van Market- ....... ■ Hastings Street Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, Granvillo and Main Streets
Spencers Ltd —
"Birk3 Ltd.
.Hustings and Abbott Streets
.Hastings Streot
.Granville and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin    -.(Malkin's Belt)
Overalls and Shirts
*«Big Horn" Brand. (Turnor Beoton ft Co., Vietoria, B, C.)
\ Paints
rHuntor-Hondorson Paint Co ......642 Granvillo Btreet
Printers and Engravers
Cowan & Brookhouse. - - —..--...Labor Temple
ClellandDibble -...Tower Building
Angoll Engraving. Co..
...518 Hastings West
Angoii ciugntviug t« _.—..— w*w uBowugB tivo.
■ A, H,- Timms • 228-230—14th Avenue East
Wjtito ft. Bhutan...— ; ■ -• 628 Pender Street West
P. G. E..
 and the	
-O. N. B.
Tom the Tailor.  524 Granville St.; 318 Hastings W.
J. A. .Flett Hastings Streot West
. Martin, Finlayson ft Mather — Hastings Street Wert
Theatres and Movies
Empress Orphoum  '. «  Pantages
Do Unions Get Tou Anything?
Editor B. $ Fcdorutionist: With
your permission I would like to an*
swor the nbove quostion, having gono
to tho moeting of tho Federated Labor Party in order to hear an address by Mr. Tom Bichardson, a
f armor, member oi' the Britiah. Houso
oi Commons, who, I .may say delivered a very able address. After
ho had answered a few questions
from tho audience the platform was
thrown open to any person who wished to take it for five minutes. A
person from the audienco taking the
plutform, mado the statement during his address that he had been a
member of a trado union for the last
twenty years and it had nover got
him anything or anywhere. Having
seen what I think have been benO'
lits to the working man this laBt
thirty years, I -will endeavor to explain a few of them. I may say that
I commenced work on one of the
large railways in England a little
over thirty years ago, whon the men
used to work from ton up to eighteen
hours por day, most of tlio journeys
being anything from fourtoen to
eighteen. These had been reduced
to twelve hours per day in lho year
nineteen hundred and three, when I
left England. Since then the hours
havo becu rodoced to eight per day.
During the samo poriod the men
have had advances in wages in order
to taoet .-the cost of living, which
was formorly mot by working a
longer numbor of hour/r por day.
Therefore, in my point of viow, the
men-have-gained a littlo in having
more time at thoir disposal for recreation or study. I will now endeavor
to show whoro the workmon havo
gained in another way, this is in regnrd to accidents. In the early part
of oighteon hundred and ninety eight
there waa much eoncorn about the
number of accidents, both of minor
and fatal casualties; some of which
the men were of opinion could bc
avoided, with tho result that they
got thc govornment to grnnt n Royal
Commission to investigate into theso
accidents to railway workmen, the
workers being grunted every protection who gave evidence at tho in-
vestigntion. Tlio Railway Review,
the railwaymen's labor paper, pub-
lished a verbal urn report of tho pro-
coedings, separately from the weekly paper, in order that one could
hsve th<* copies bound in book form
I will give a few of the concession*
which were gft{nod at that sitting of
tho Royal  Commission.
All point roils on signal wires
above ground nny where about a
shunting yard must be put underground, or lowered to sueh an extent and boardesd ovor so that a person should not trip over thom dating
shunting operations. All cars to be
labeled as to their destination on
both sides in order to prevont the
necessity of a person having to creep
under and go to the olher ride to
find out its destination. Those had
to be attended to at once. A few
more whicli I will give below in ro-
gard to lho alterations of the coal
cars or waggons us wo tormed them,
had a time limit set so thoro would
bo no hardship imposed on anyone
according to what alterations they
required. Tho colliery owners nnd
large coal dealers who mostly owned their own wagons wero tho worst
offenders and avoided in evory possible manner laws which wero in
force at the time, thero being one
which cnlled for spring buffers being
put ou nny wngon needing n certnin
nmount of repa'TH. This was disregarded by hnving the wngon go into tho workshop on different occasions, coming out flrst with a fresh
buffer on one sido (tho usual wooden
buffer) in order to match the other.
Then a litt1o Inter on it would got
now head stock at one ond, this
courso boing followed up until the
wngon ' was completely overhauled
without any of the improvements boing mnde. Tlrs hud to bo stopped in
some way or another, so a time limit
wns set for all tho different improvements which wero askod for, Biirh as
loose linkB or Gedges patont coupling, as thev wore termed, instead of
tho old stiff link which waa fasten-
od into tho draw bar with a 11-link
and r'votted with a largo bolt.
Brakes on both sides of the wagons,
also spring buffers on all wagonB.
Tho timo limit I believe was ten
years for all improvements to be on
ovory wagon in the country, otherwise it would not bo hauled on any
of the British rnilways. Theae aro
a fow things whore, I think, a
union has been of some use to a
workman, as theso improvements
must havo saved a great numbor of
Coming a little nearer homo, who
cun say that the lumber workers in
tho camps on this coaat havo not
received any benefits through their
combining together and forming a
unlont Any person who rends tho
Foderationist will seo the improvements that thoy hnvo got thia last
twolvo months—sinco thoy organizod. Wo hove laws horo covorng
sanitary arrangements in camps, but
havo they been enforced! No.
Whyf I« It becauso theso thingB
cannot bo complied with! Certainly
not, but becauso the men at Vio-
toria who nro supposed to represent
us, listen too much to the large in-
(By Frances Fenwlck Williami in
The Liberator)
"I never met a Russian who wat*
n't a Bolshevist." "I never met
man of any nation who didn't hate
"I don't know of any British,
French, American or Italian soldier
who didn't sympathize with the Bolsheviki and want to see them win.'
'' I hope to God they wipe out Kolchak hands down."
So suid a Canadian soldier lately
returned from tho Siberian Expeditionary Force in Russia. His name
—and he ia bravo enough to give
it for publication—is Stewart Byron
McCulloch. Ho was born in Glasgow,
Scothiud; ho has lived in Montana,
Southern California, Mexico, Vuneouver; he onlistod in tho 72nd Sea-
forth Highlanders in 1917; ho made
repeated attempts to go overseas to
Franco but wus always refused on
account of physical disabilities; he
Wae finally accepted for the Siberian
Expeditionary Force on September
tl, J 918, after a nominal examination.
So far, so good. But Bussia hud a
curious effect on Mr. McCulloch,
Figure him as he was, a typical
thoughtless, adventurous, young man
ignorant of social problems, "bored
to tears" by Labor struggles Socialism, radical propaganda; then behold this samo young man after three
duys in Siberia—a Bolshevist! Rather an astonishing outcome of mil-
i*aiy service in BoTaheviki-lnnd; but,
as we shall soe presently, by no
menus an unusual one.
"Send thoso Canadians back
whore thoy came from!" Kolchak
reported to have rOnred in furv to
Genernl Knox of tho British mission.
"The only diffcriiiiQc betwoen them
and thc Bolsheviki is that they Bpeak
a different language."
And whon the. transport that conveyed Canadian., from Siberia touched at Vancouver a defiant shout
arose from tho throats of the soldiers
who had gone overseas to wipe cat
tho Bolsheviki:
"Hurrah for tho Bolsheviki!"
Now to arrest a whole ship-load
of Canadian soldiers on their return
to Canada would have caused the
echoes of that strange war-shout to
reach the furthest hamlet of tho Yukon. The authorities were sensible
onough to perceive this and no notice waa taken of the outbreak.
We can gain some idoa of the effect Which'contact with real I»Us-
siflfns had upon the Canadian soldiers
by glancing casiially at the two &t-
Uob sung by theso soldiors on route "«rossos in which  thi
to Siberia,  and  aung by  them  on w    this:    "Well
the journey homo. l"*'"''i ""' "" "—""
Going they sang—
"Hurrah, hurrah, we're British to
tho core,
Hurrah, hurrar, we're home on any
Well Hck  those Bolsheviki, boys,
And then we '11 ask for more—
Ab we go marching through Sibo-
Returning thoy sang:
"Take me ovor the sea,
Far away from the Bolshoviki,  :
The Czechs may squeal, old Kolchak
may roar,
We don't want to fight those guys
no moro,
Oh myl  I don't want to diel
I want to go homo."
''That's nil tho time it takes—
just nbout three days!" statod Mr.
McCulloch cheerfully, "Just long
onoutrh to see thp condition of things
and hear n few Russians tell you the
truth—-and there you arc! Every
Canndinn'bnJUnJSf mad to think that
he's been fooled that way. and hot
with sympathy for the Bolsheviki-
•nd there's your expedtionary force* 'traded tuberculosis and wan in the
for you!"
a      *' What about tho other Allied iol-
* ''All exactly the same as far m I
can gather. The Americans mutinied in one instance and limply
refused to eome to the aid of the
Japanese." ~       t
"Aro you wise to mnke these
statements  publielyt"
"I don't eare whether I'm wise
or not. All the boya will baek me
up who've been over."
"Did any of the British regiments mutiny!"
"Not in Bussia and for a good
reaaon; thoy were nover, so far as I
could find out, asked to fight. But
some of the English regiments mutinied at home and refused to go to
Siberia. I fancy they knew more
of the truth than the rest of ub.
As for what we did there it was
juat guard duty. We simply could
not and would not have fought
against thoso people. The American
officer whose men mutinied refused
to. compel his men to fight on tho
ground that ho did not recognize the
people they wero asked to fight as
Bolshoviki, that they were simply
peasants. He knew of course what
wo all knew, that the peasants woro
Bolsheviki, overy man-Jack of them;
but they never dared to breathe it
becauso they wore shot on suspicion."-
"You say 'all the boys will back
mo up.' Can you speak for all.tho
Allied soldiors, as well aa for the
British and American 1"
"I can and I'll tell you why. My
friend Y—, who comes of a famous
military family, and who speaks
French nnd Italian like a native,
■wfia alwaya slipping off to chUm
with the Latins and said they felt
just as we did. By the- way, the
French aro tho sorest of tho wholo
bunch. Did you know that they
were conscripted! I don't believe
that's genorally known. Yea, .sir,
they wore Bent straight from the
Great War to flght in Siberia without so much as an 'if you pleaae.'
They aro mad as blazos. Oh there
will bo some hot times when the
boys of tho difforcnt countries got
back to -their home-towns and begin
to spread tho truth about things."
"How about tho officers!"
■' The officers can't talk freely the
way we do.   But as they'ro moatly
hospital which the Canadians after*
wards took over—Russian Island, wo
called it. While ill and unoccupied
he subscribed to a Bolshevik paper
ond begin to faror Bolshevism,
Samroff, a Bussian general, Dictator
for the dlstriot between Harbin and
Vladivostok, had him dressed, tnken
forth and shot. He was too weak to
dress himself or to walk."
"Had he been talking Bolshevism
in the hosptialt"        ,
"Oh probably. They all do. You
can't atop them. The only peoplo
iu Bussia who are* really hostile
toward the Bussians are the Czechoslovaks—and it's proverbial thnt n
Csech. who gets aont to hospital always emerges Bolshevik."
"How did you like the Czechs aa
a whole!"
"Least of nny. Of course they
probably send the worst ones' to
Russia. The ones at home may be
better. Tho Czechs and the Japs
are the only ones who do any fighting against the Bolsheviki worth
mentioning. The Czechs are mercenaries paid by Franc<j—I don't think
there aro any volunteers among
"What about the Japs!
"Tho Japs interested me. They're
a fine race in their way—but they're
much what the Prussians were before the war—unbending, militaristic. Same virtues—same vices. They
have tremendous reBpect for authority, love of country^ determination, obedient stoicism; - but with
these a terrible inflexibility and
cruelty. The boya who wont to the
Great War havo often talked*.to-mo
of tbe. difference between the. Prussians end tho Saxons; and I should
think there would bo somewhat tho
same difference between the Japs
and iho Russians—the real Russians,
the Bolsheviki."—
"In what proportion should you
think the Bolsheviki were, to the
rest of the Russians!"
"Roughly speaking, ninety per
cent. But that's simply my opinion.
Remember I never mot a Russian
who wasn't a Bolshevist. But from
what I hear I think there must be
about ten per cent, for Kolchak."
"Czarist3, should you aay!"
"A handful of the old aristocracy
and somo busiuess mon. Threo of
his regiments are entirely composed
of officers.    It's  odd though how
No "bargain prices** arc offered in
"Grady-grade" dentistry, which has been scientifically priced on the basis of the finest materials,
the most careful and conscientious workmanship ana
the personal service of myself at the chair. The stand*
ard of the work turned out here is rigidly maintained
and jt would be impossible for me to reduce my pub*
lished prices without reducing the quality or in soma
way giving less value to the patient than I now give.
This I absolutely refuse to do. "Grady-grade" dent*
igtry—guaranteed for 10 years—represents satisfaction. The priee schedule is always the same.
decent men we know how they fool many 0f th0 aristocracy are Bolahe-
inside.   You bet they agree with us. vist.    There are, they say,   many
But you can ace that it wouldn't more noblemen thnn business men
dd for them to come out and Bay ao. fighting for the Bolsheviki. At pres-
tm'tho way homo we had several ad- 0nt thoro must be a goodly sprink-
grossos in which  they said practi- Hng 0f adders of all   nations   too
!My    ""3:    "Well .now,   wo've who've   deserted   for   conscience's
railed out of Russia and we needn 't sajtc#
infk of what's    done    with;    our
Now "tell mo, which of all the
is to get home and get a Allied soldiers did you liko tho best!
fnranr      tha      Tftot "      thttor   *-,__ .     __..       i.     n» *.     A- if
tercsls instead of the workmen. So
it is up to us to both stand by ono
another in our unions, and also
whenever posfi ble to place men of
our class both in our municipal councils, provincial parliaments, and also
tho Dominion Parliament at Ottawa,
nnd by so doing wo may be ablo
to get a few lows mado for the
benefit of the peoplo. Hoping I have
boon able to show where tho trades
union has beon of benefit to the
working  man,
Yours truly,
P. R. and the Workers
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: I
guess tho lettor Dr. Curry contributes to your columns on the
nbovo subject iB written without n
clear ideu aB to P. R.—what it
means'to tho workers and how it
stands in Britain. Tho letter states
the recent successes of Lubor in
Britain was duo to P. R. It is not
so. P, R, i_ not used in England or
Scotland or Irelnnd in parlinmen-
tnry elections, It was tried in
Sit go but only for council elections.
Probably if P. H. had beon in force
for the recent municipal or council
elections Labor would not have
gained the successes it did. Does
not Dr. Curry know the Liberal
Party in England hna pressed for
P. R. for the last six years, at least!
Does ho not know Knmsny Mritionald
opposes P. R.—Philip Snowdon supports it—showing the Lnbor Party
is not definitely behind P.  It.!
P. B. is only a red herring to detract Labor from the real issue. If
it benefits Labor today, in the near
futuro it would benefit the other
parties, who could finance and
spread their viows over the larger
arena moro effectively and oasior
than any Labor group.
Labor should look into this matter
carefully beforo it leapB, ond I von-
turo to prophesy that it would turn
thla scheme down. Lot them educate and organizo. Evontually they
will win, though without any P. R.,
and thon thoy will bo aocuro. But
bowaro of any wild-cat schemes to+yution
obtain political power.
In conclusion P. R. has no connection with plural voting, and
would not abolish that evil. That
would require a separato Aet of
Parliament. True enough, they
could abolish tho plural voto in each
constituency, togothor with P. R.,
but Btill the ovil would remain.
Landed proprietors, etc,, who havo
estates, and financial magnates, will
still bo able to uso tho vote in two
or moro constituencies.
Against P. R. ond for the workon, WALTER BATT.
Workers' Liberty Bond Buttons
are issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Hnvo you got yours yet. Oet
behind a button and show that yon
are willing to help all you can the
dofense of the men arrested Ui Winnipeg,
'Business „  ... „..  —.-..._ „
*nnd forget the rest." They OM"mu"inck"dlffoMnt"account*
jWWHdn't aay straight out, 'Don't nIt»s quoor whnt a iot ot g00a
fell anyone what eursed folly this there tf in 0voryone—but such
Siberian business waa, boys!' but different good! Now wo're all right
pey might just aa well have said in our way ana the Americans are
Jt We got their meaning all right, r^t in theirs. And the Japs havo
Wto boya juat listened in silence and flno p0iuta, though they're the moBt
wndo no comments or promises."     dangerouB raco in the world to the
"Tell mc juat how things in gen- coming democracy—Prussia'a ghosf
oral impressed you when you first walking, so to speak! But candid-
wont over!" ly there are two nations which I
Well, the voyage took twenty- think are really finer than the
one duys and tho food waB poor. The Anglo-Saxons though ln a way I
men protested and once they even hate to aay so—and thoso two are
made a raid ou tho food. Vladi- the Italians and the BusslanB. The
yostok Harbor wus frozen when we Russians are simpler, kinder, more
arrived—when deep aea wator trustful, more idealistic, more—well,
froezea you can imagine what the more noblo than wo; tho Italians
cold ial We had only tho clothes aro swoet-temporod, more affection-
wo had loi't Canada with; and we ate, more genorous, more sympntho-
wero put in box cars without oven tie, moro magnetic. On the wholo
straw, thirty or forty meu in a car the Italians were the most popular
with ono iittlo oil stovo to heat it. of tho Allied soldiers.
Thoro was snow even on the inside "By tho way, there's one thing
of the cars. Most of the men, like I do want to say about the Araeri-
myself, wore physically unfit any- cana. Peoplo say they're given to
how because the S. E. F. was so bragging. Well they've got one
unpopular that they had to take thing to brag about and to brag
anyone thoy could get; and by the hard about—and that's the Ameri-
time wo had roachod our destination can Rod Cross in Russia! It's the
wo wore pretty well played out best thing evor. It's fine. I wish
But then we luid to march a milo ynu'd make a note of that. Toll
and a half—to Second River.            people that if the boys of nil the
"Oh the misery wc found thoro— Allied forces could drop their arms
tho desolation! Thousands of refu- and enlist under tho Americnn Red
gees fleeing from the interior which Cross they'd do it like a shot—evory
Kolchak had devnstated—among man-jack of them."
them voterana of groat distinction "Mr. McCulloch, you aay you are
who had won tho highest honors in n Bolshevist. Just what do you
the Great War. You could buy mean by thnt!"
decorations Ike tho Cross of St. *'I mean that I'm a Socialist. It'a
Goorge (tho Russian equivalent for'the aame thing when you get down
out Victorian Cross) for five to facta. We had plenty of Social-
roubles—fifty or sixty cents at ist meetings in Siboria. There were
most. Veterans who had won theso two or throe Socialists in our com-
COvetod decorationa, who had per* pany who had bcen recruited and
formed prodigies of valor for thom, thoy used to talk. It seems queer that
now offered thom for a few cents I 'd nover hefcrd ten words about So-
to us in order to ward off starvation
from thior starving wives and
"Thoy were not tomptod to flght
for Kolchak!"
'' Not the war veterans. Not
ono. I nover saw auch heroism or
such determination as they showed.
But other Russians were not so
proud. Lot nie tell you that a good
largo pnrt of Kolchak's army is
composed of Bolshevists who desert
nil tho time and who carry supplies
end news of tho old brute's plnns-to
their friends up tho line. It's really
very funny. They freeze and stnrvo
till their prido gives out, then they
go to Kolchak for food and shelter
for a while; then aa soon as they've
fattened a bit, back to the Bolshevist ranks they go. I found a man
who was guarding a magazine—a
storage plnco in the earth for ammunition—in Kolchak's army. Ho
Tbld mo that ho was simply doing
'ihut in order to live and let live
itttd was only living for the moment
when he and the rest of tho Bolshc-
vlifts eould turn nnd drivo K. out."
Now why did that Russian trust
ybu with his life like that!"
' '^'Because tho Russians knew and
Wiow that every singlo Allied soldior in Siberia ib for them. As soon
as they've had five minutes' conversion with tho Russians—they
know. It didn't tnko a woek to
film me from being indifffferent or
'otfen hostile toward Labor probloms
Wto being a warm partisan of tho
BolBhovists. Considering that every
Russian in sight ib a Bolshevist, and
that they all hato Kolchak and want
thoir own govornmont, ono can't
holp seeing tho wickodnoss of helping a fow reactionaries to murder
thom. At every turn ono soes thousands of miserable, starving, unhappy people, somo of them veterans
of distinction, one's sympathies aro
aroused, ono asks about their situation, and one finds invariably that
thoy aro Bolshevists and haters of
Koichak. Of courso they do not
daro to como out and say ao bo-
eause that would, of course, be certain death. Anyhow lots aro shot
on suspicion. No trials for Kolchnk.
A Russian officer who had served
for three years In the Oreat War
snd  served with distinction,   eon-
cialism till I went to put it down in
RuBstat but I suppose I wasn't interested. Looking nt those poor persecuted devils of Russians mado us
all fool very Socialistic, I can tell
I picked up a copy of the Liberator—the May copy with Debs'
photograph on the cover. "Did you
over hear of that man!" I asked.
"Debs!" exclaimed Mr. McCulloch. "So that is Debs." Ho
laughed outright* "I should say I
had heard of him. We pretty near
hud a mutiny in our company bo-
cause Debs hud been sent to jail. So
that's Debs. I never heard of him
till I wont to Russia."
"You seem to have heard of a
lot of things in Russia, But whnt
do you think is fcoing to hnppen in
tho ond! It makes mo sick every
timo I pick up a newspaper and seo
that our country hns sont boots nnd
rifles and oven tanks to Kolchak's
"Don't worry. Thc Bolos will
get tho benefit of everything that's
sent. Kolchak with a handful of
tho rottenest men in tho Czar's
army can't last forovor. They'll all
get killed in time. If the Allies
woro reully helping Kolchnk he
could do a Iot—but what can he
do whon tho Allied men refuso to
fight, and turn Bolshevik! And remember! those men aro going home;
and in every country In tho Old and
the Now World they're going to
spread tho truth."
"Thon you think Bolshevism ia
bound to win!"
"As far as Bolshevism goes it
can't lose. But tho Bolsheviki aro
anothor thing. They 're suffering
und dying—being butchered with
our hjelp and by our connivances—and it's torriblc—terrible—
torrible—to think thnt nil tho do-
cent poople In ours and every other
country don't riao up and STOP
tho massacro,"
London.—Declaring that Tho London Dnily Herald hnd bcen on inestimably powerful champion of the
couso of organized labor, thb specinl
trades union congress line gono on
record as supporting tho paper's
drivo for an expansion fund of 400,-
000 pounds
Our Semi-Annual
Clearance Sale
14 DAYS.
The Great Shoe Event
of the Season^
Shoes for the whole faiqily at prices below today's factor/ eost
To make nom for sew spring atoeb wt wa offering ill ou hijh
class garments at gratljr reduced pricoi.
January Clearance Sale
———*• OOATB
In Velour, SUvortono and Balt't
Flush—the best materials in latest stjlos. Begular $39.50 to
For 129.50 to J60.BO
As loir as $8 down and ti a
A good rango of ebaita la Valour,    Tricotiu,   Sergei   ut
Tweeda—all    fashion    leaden,
Regular $40.50 to .79.50.
For $39.50 to $M.OO
As low as $10 down and $2.50 a
Full line of Ladies' Dressos la
quality materials and dainty
As low as $5 Iowa ud $1 a
342 Hastings St. W.
Near Homer  St.    '
Everything on
Fresh Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plsote
Ornamental and Shade Treea, Seedi, Bulbs, Floriate' Bundrlea
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 HaBtings Street East 728 OranvUle Stroet
Seymour 988472 Soymonr 8513
Men's Shoes of the Better Kind
FOB THE MAN who has novor worn our shoes, we have a gnat
degree of satisfaction in store which will begin with tho first
pair of shoes ho buys hero.
Wo moot tho special shoo requirements of ovory man.
We givo our pittrons tho best shoe valuo at any atated price.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
365 Days in the Year
rxUANTITT production—quality materials—machinory   hu
Sc made bukor's bread cheaper and bettor than homo mads.
Try it.
Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44
twelfth yeab.  No. 2 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST       vancouveb, b. r
FBIDAT. ;--.„. Jopottj. jj(_} 0%
tkocery Specials
.: For One Week, Commencing Friday, January 9th
By purchasing your groceries ou the Self-Serving Plan
you pay the least possible price for the best quality goods.
You alao have thc satisfaction of getting -fresh groceries
always, because, of our quick turnover.
Korth Sea Sardines, per
, tin ( 9c
Jutland Sardines, per tin....l0c
Libby's Asparagus  Soup, per
Un 8c
Quaker Pork and Beans,
with Tomato Sauce .7c
Cadbury's Cocoa, ',4-lb. tin 25c
White Swan Washing Powder,
pkt i SOc
Fivo Boies Flour, 241b.
sack ~	
SrtiftB Laundry Soap, per
bar  6c
Boyal Household Flour, 2Mb.
seek  11.05
Bobin Hood Flour, 240b.
snek 1.65
Boyal Standard Flour, 211b.
■'sick'......:... 1«6
Quaker Sugar Peas, per
tin .........: .18c
Pockets Cleaned Currants ..24c
Lifebuoy Soap, per bar  6c
Quaker Corn, per tin  18c
Quaker Peas, yer tin £0c
Malkin's Best Tea, per
lb ::«sc
Snn Maid Seodless Raisin*,
pkt; :..li)c
Sun-Maid Seeded Raisius,
pkt ...i!2c
Sunlight Soap, 4 bars  2'Jc
Wild Kose Pastry Flour, 10-
lb bag * .74c
Finest Imported Sardines,
tin  :...23c
Australian Jams, assorted,
per tin 15c
Finest Pure Honey, 5-lb.
tin  1.90
Mnplo Leaf Milk, per
tin  12'/jC
Pacilic Milk, per tin ......12V,e
Libby's Hoppy Vale
Libby's Tomato Soup lie
Maybloom Tea, per lb. ......60c
Excelsior Dates, per pkt. ..22c
Toilet Paper, per roll 5c
Silrer Gloss Starch, per
pkt 13'/2c
Royal City Tomatoes, per
■   tin .V....14C
Bottles B. C. Honey, .per
glass  32c
Del Monte Apricots, per
tin  SOc
Royal Baking Powdert per
tin 25c
Magic Baking Ponder, per
tin .■. 25c
Keliogg's Corn Flakes, per
pkt O'/aC
Eggo Baking Powdor, per
tin 25c
Fry's Pure. Cocoa,* per tin ..27c
t in 1 Shoe Polish, tan or
black, tin  110
Christie's Soda Biscuits, per
tin  62c
- Choice Eating Apples, 3 lba.
for 25c
Finest Lemons, per doz 35c
Juicy. Oranges, per doz 38c
Specials from the Fruit Dept.
Soft Shell Walnuts, No. 1
quality, lb 30c
Filberts, per lb *.40c
Fine Table Figs, per lb 40c
Mr, J. E. Bird Says He Believes Russell Innocent
(Continued from Pago 1)
fendants. Beferring to Russell,
he tjoi-l:      -'||j
Mr. R. B. *Ktfue 11' was clioson
by the Crown as the defendant in
a ttat cose. They did not choose
to line up the whole eight defendant!, and give us the advantage
of four times eight—31 challenges
out of the jury panel ot' practically 100 that were available on
the morning that the case was
called. They had a right to try
'any.one or more of the defendants
lf they so chose,
Mr. Russell, a young man of 31,
of pleasing appearance, bright and
Intelligent, gentlemanly. A married man with a small family. Mrs.
Ruuell, during the whole cour.se
The L.W.I.U.
delegates are reminded that
every purchase made by mom*
bers of the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union at tho Cooperative store is credited to
flat unien and at the end oi
ovory three months a sum of
money representing the jur-
efcuisg dividend will be pnid
ever to the union for propa-
gaada purposes. This is the
co-operative method of return-
Sag the profits to the consumer*. Individual members of
tke union can tako out shares
•nd obtain Ute benefits, but
this other plan enables the
tingle men in tho camps to
make their purchasing power
as asset to tho union.
Take a trip to the store nnd
look over the situation and
the values of the goods.
41 Fender Street West
Phone Sey. 493
of the trial, haunted the courtroom almost day and night watching with euger interest everything
that pertained to 'the welfare of
her husband, always bright and
cheerful lending him additional
Russell's Career
Russell came to Canada when
21 years of age. He was a master
mechanic, and worked in the machine shops na he statea himself,
trying to unlearn all he learned in
the shops in Scotland, and adapting himself to more modern conditions. At 'll he was chosen by his
fellow workmen In the shops as
one of the uhop committee, and
later was appointed delegate to
the Trades and Labor Council, and
still later to represent the Trades
and Labor Council at different conferences. At Quebec he and his
associates tried to introduce resolutions in regard to Industrial
unionism in 1918, but were
thwarted by the powerful activities
of those sent to thwart their purposes by the American Federation
of Labor, Owing to the attitude
taken at that conferenco in Quebec, the little party of wetsern
delegates assembled and promoted
tho calling of a Western Conference for 191 it. This was in accord
with the conditions in the eaat.
Kates of-pay in the east are dealt
with differently by the C. P. R.
east and west of Fort William,
therefore, the western delegatee
felt that as they were treated by
their employers on a different basis from those of the east, lt was
reasonable and proper for the
western delegates to hold their
own conference.
B. C. F. of L. aiul Industrial
I'n ion tern
Now, it transpired that the B.
C. Federation of Labor, since 1911,
had heen advocating at all its different gatherings the formation of
an Industrial organization, for tho
purposo of meeting the ever-changing conditions of thcir employment,
aa the shop of the small employer
has greatly Increased In size to
tnke In trades of different crafts
Quality Clothes
Thos. Foster &Co., Ltd.
Next to Mwctaante Bank
belonging to different craft unions,
and aa these shops have themselves
Increased In size and become in
many cases organized into gigantic capitalist enterprises, ao tradeB
unionism had to conform to the
changes brought about in their employment so as to be able to meet
the master ou fair terms of negotiation. The craft union was sufficient in the old days dealing with
the employer when he employed
single craft.., hut when lie began
to employ in his shops virlous
crafts, the federated union enme
Into existence, and later I lie development of tlie Industrial Union
became a necessity.
Raiding the Homes
Now, thn B. C. Federation of
Labor, in order to meet the situ
ation, held its meetinp in 1919, at
Calgary, Immediately prior to the
Western Labor Conference, livery
where during this period of unrest
there was prominent In the papers
and prominent in the thougths of
thinking men the conditions
brought about by the orders in
council. Orders in council had
bcen passed as a war-time measure,
probably necessary ln order to prevent anything militating against
the successfol prosecution of the
war, but after the signing of the
Armistice, it did away with the
sanction for these orders in council,
which were forthwith used by the
government of Canada, and by officials for the purpose of prosecuting various people who happened to possess radical tendencies, and had ln their possession
documents that had been deemed
by the government tp militate
against the successful prosecution
of the war, who had all this literature banned. As you know, into
many of the homes of men who
were prominent in Labor circles,
the North West Mounted Police
entered, made a search, and these
orders in council were used diligently for the purpose of impressing the activities of the Labor organizations, where they were interfering with the interests and profits of the employers. This was
evidenced by the activities against
Roberts in the Crows Nest and elsewhere in this Province, of which
you have knowledge.
Government Aids Unrest
Now, great unrest arose by reason of these prosecutions. Every
man felt ho had a right to the
sanctity of his own home; that he
had a right to read what litoraturo
he pleased, a right to think and
talk as he pleased and to discuss
all matters pertaining to the social
He then described the unrest
that prevailed throughout the
world, and the prosecutions of
Labor men, and the invasion of the
sanctity of their homes, and the
situation In Russia, and the lies
that were spread about the Soviet
An Absurd Contention
Continuing, he said: Now, these
matters were in the minds and
thoughts everywhero of labor
men. In England ihey were agitating for the withdrawal of the
troops from Russia, for the cancellation of the war orders in council. The same was being agitated
In Australia, New Zealand and at
the Western Labor Conference
these things were prominently
brought up by the resolution committee and caused a tremendous
amount of discussion. This, according to the ideas of the court,
was the hatching ground of the
conspiracy to overturn the government of Canada and establish
a Soviet government. When one
looks back at this situation it
seems to be almost too absurd
thnt six eminent counsel representing the Dominion government
should, day after day, urge before
the jury that the delegatea at the
Quebec labor conference, the B.
C. Federation of Labor, the United Mine Workers of America and
Western Labor Conference were all
designed to show a common purpose, a common design detrimental to the interests of the government of Canada and likely to create public turmoil.
Good Sound Policies
Strange things happened during the course of the trial at Winnipeg. It was announced In the
daily press that the allied war
council in Europe had at length
concluded to withdraw the allied
forces from Russia and leave the
Socialists to flght it out between
themselves as to who should be
master of the situation, whether it
Bhould be the Mensheviks or the
Bolsheviks. During the same
course of the trial and the last
day thereof lt was announced In
the daily press at Winnipeg that
the orders fn council were repealed, and were to have no further
force and effect after the 1st of
January, 1920. So those tilings
that were agitating the minds of
labor at tho Western Labor Conference, and which were chosen as
the basis of the seditious conspiracy was actually recognized as
good sound policy by the government of the allied countries of
the world.
Villlanoiis Criminal!
Now, Mr. Pritchard was at the
Western Labor Conference and
actually obtained the greatest
number of votes at that labor conference and that is referred to
by the learned judge ln these
words:   .
"Now, who was Pritchard. He
was the man who received the
highest number of votos for the
committee at thc Calgary convention. Subsequently he was active
with others in Issuing propaganda
for the One Big Union. As to
Prltchard, a letter from Stephenson, the Dominion secretary, states
that Prltchard was one of the most
activo propagandists on thc coast.
Pritchard was there, Johns was
. Johns Is referred to.by the learned trial judge as follows:
"He and Russell were the official delegatus from the Trades
and Labor Conferenoe at the Calgary convention. He received the
second highest numbor of votes,
tlmt Isto say, tlie highest next to
Pritchard  on   the  committee."
I suppose, gentlemen, you see in
this connection a clear suggestion
that the .man; that receives thp
highest number of votes and the
second highest number of votes
are, consequently, the greatest and
second greatest criminals, and thie
at the regularly called and regit-
I >■•-..■-. -•■-«-.*-• 0 •• t"i ■■ | ■. .«••■•■-. ■•• ■■•
A General Meeting
of the members of the transport, Construction,
Food  Supply,  and  General Workers'  Units
is called for
Monday, January 12th
At 8 p.m.
in Room 302 Labor Temple, for the purpose of
bringing about the amalgamation of these units
in a General Workers' Unit Admission will be
by card only.
All members are urged to attend.
larly held Western Labor Conference end having delegates there
from all the Western trades unions
of Canada. It is extremely Important for labor to know that the
men among them who are most
popular and most effective are to
be referred to In the courts of justice as these two men were referred
to by Mr. Justice Metcalf.
Daylight Conspiracy
How crazy these conspirators
were. They did everything in 'the
open. They even called court stenographers to take down their deliberations in shorthand so that
nothing bf their plot should be
Russell was there, so was Armstrong, but Ivens, Bray, Heaps and
Queen were not there so they must
have come into the seditious conspiracy at a later date. Now, Mr.
Russell only spoke once at the
Western Labor Conference, and
that upon a subject near and dear
to his heart, the question of the
withdrawal of the troops from
Russia, and he moved a resolution
directed to the government at Ottawa humbly petitioning that the
government should consider the
withdrawal from Vladivostok of
the Canadian Expeditionary Force.
Mr. Russell was appointed on
the propaganda committeo concerning the. One Big Union at the
Western Labor Conference. Th#
One Big Union was wound in an*
out of thc whole thread of the
trial, but was not prominent towards the end of the deliberations,
ahd the reason was that thc One
Big Union was not shown to have-
been given blrlli to until tho 4th
of Juno, 1919, wheira second conference was held at Calgary for
the purpose of preparing a constitution of that organization. Tha
Btrike In Winnipeg was called: ai
month earlier and had got Into
good swing before the O. B. V.,
which was conceived at the March
gathering of the Western Labor
Conference, but was not as an organization brought into life until
after the referendum vote of all
the trades unions had been taken,
namely until June,. 1919.
Tons of Propaganda
In order to get the O. B. U. into
shape a campaign of education had
been undertaken and directed by
tho Western Labor Conference,
Popaganda to the different members of the international organizations was authorized and a committee net dlllglntly to prepare
such propaganda for circulation
and stacks of this propaganda ln
barrels and boxes and bundles waa
produced by red coat after red
coat constables at the trial in evidence of the unlawful combination
and conspiracy that was before the
court and jury for consideration.
At this point Mr. Bird referred
to the atmosphere in Winnipeg
during the trial which he described as chilly. He then continued:
A Picked Jury
Now the Jury that was assembled had been carefully canvassed
by the crown, as a matter of fact,
they had been carefully canvassed
by our own men. There had been
no direct canvassing, but we had
a record of their occupations, their
sympathies towards labor, whether
they had been hit directly or indirectly by the strike, as to their
political or other affiliations. The
crown had, as we were informed,
most diligently canvassed every locality where a juryman had been
summoned and had their complete
record, and in discussing the matter with Mr. Andrews he frankly
admitted no Juryman would go into
that box unless he knew all about
him. Now, two days of the trial
were consumed in choosing a Jury.
Jurymen were examined on the
voir dire us I had never seen done
in British Columbia. What were
four peremptory challenges out of
90? If we challenged a man we
exhausted our challenge. If wo
challenged a man for cause then
the court would conclude we were
bluffing, or if he showed in hla
answers that he was impartial between the court and the prisoner
at the bar ho would be held by the
triers appointed in conformity with
the code as a good juryman, and
then we had either to peremptorily
challenge him or let him go. Those
whom we were willing to havo alt
as jurymen were set nsido by the
crown until our four challenges
were exhausted and we had only
four jurymen ln the box out*of
twelve. The other eight were chosen lu twonty minutes. The crown
standing aside as many as they
pleased and choosing the men
whom they knew to be safe. Such
is tho condition of the criminal
code that permits this condition of
affairs to exist. Now, on the next
trial we will have 32 challenges
if Mr, Russell succeeds in getting
a new trial; 28 If the seven are
tried together.
A perjudlccd Foreman
He then commented on the
length of the trail which he said
lasted 23 days, and the opinion that
counsel of the defense had as to
the outcome, which wbb that Russell would ba tither acquitted or
there would be a disagreement,
and referred to the evident predjudice of the foreman of the jury,
and gave a description of counsel
for the prosecution, Jn tht follow
ing words  he  described  the two
leading counsel.
"Foxy Grandpa"
Now, counsel for the crown deserves some description. Mr. H. J.
Andrews, K.C, son of a Methodist
ministor. A man who has been
very prominent In politics fn his
city, well thought of, both by bench
and bar, he Is, moreover, popular,
and Is recognized ae very astute
and smooth. Some of his friends
and some of his enemies have nicknamed him Foxy Grandpa. The
only thing that would belie such a
thing is his rather youthful appearance. He was very prominently assocfated with the Citizens'
Committee, and was spokesman on
a great many occasion* representing the Citizens' Committee, and
representing Children's Homes,
etc., during the time of the strike,
Isaac Pitblado, K.C, Is a noteworthy figure, ono of the ablest
and most successful counsel in
Winnipeg. Sharp, unyielding and
determined, capable in anything
he undertakes.
He then recited the Btory of the
arrest of the men, and how they
were sent to Stony Mountain penitentiary on an order signed by
Senator Gideon Robertson and A.
J. Andrews, K.C.
0   Booked for Deportation
They were all going to be deported without a trial. Deported
under the Immigration Act of
1919.'The only difficulty the Immigration Department had was
that Armstrong was a Canadian,
born in the County of Tork, and
the Act did not extend to him.
They were not to be given any
ball. They were to be confined during the pleasure of the crown until certain immigration officials
came out from Ottawa to deal
With the deportation poocecdliigs.
A few days afterwards the policy
of the crown was cnanged and
they were allowed out on bail.
Then the preliminary proceedings
started,.and once they were taken
ln charge before the justice of the
peace their liberty was curtailed,
and for thirty odd days they were
imprisoned in the city gaol, having daily hearings during tho process of the investigation which
lasted over thirty daya,
Mr. Bird here related some of
the funny experiences of the arrested men while in jail awaiting
ball, and he stated It was while
held in durance vile that they began to really know one another.
Dominion Prosecutes
Everybody concerned in the
trial was Impatient as Christmaa
approached. The jury were tired
out, ono of them had taken ill.
After careful consultation it was
concluded it would he unwise to
protract the trial to develop further ihe Socialist philosophy, the
purposes of the O. B. U. and S. I*,
of Canada for. which purposes
Comrades Kavanagh and Harrington had been brought to Winnipeg.
The whole matter was discussed
and after careful consideration lt
was determined to cut out this
evidence for the purpose of enabling the case to be concluded.
The Honorable Tom Johnson, attorney general of the province, was
the last witness, ho was called to
prove lhat the prosecution aa a
matter of fact was not a regular
prosecution by the province. It
was known to the defense that the
attorney general had called in the
Hon. Mr. Hudson, K.C, to advise
the government in reg/lrd to the
prosecution of thc defendants for
conspiracy, and that the evidence
had been carefully weighed and
considered and the attorney general refused to prosecute. It was decided, for the sake of the impression on the jury, that it should be
shown thai the prosecution was at
the expense of the Dominion government, the federal authorities
at Ottawa, and paid for by the
Dominion government. Thlfl evidence was excluded. A number of
other witnesses had been excluded
from testifying on matters deemed
essential and Mr. Cassldy, leading
counsel for the defense, threw up
his hand ln protest and stated that
he would call no more evidence,
that he was prepared to address
the jury.
Mr. Bird expressed regrets thnt
he had not stayed for the appeal
case, but stated that he felt confident of an acquittal or at least
a disagreement.
A Tricky Prosecution
New, lt is not to be wondered
at that such a Judgment has boen
pronounced. First, the sentiments
of the whole community was er-
asperated in an extraordinary
me uner. Second, the crown had,
by Us tactics and long arms of Kb
military forces, reached out ln all
directions from Atlantic to Pacific
and seized documentary evidence
wherever there was a prominent
Socialist or labor hall or organization supposed to have radical tendencies, The accumulated mass of
evidence was intended to have the
effect on the jury of convincing
them of a nation-wide propaganda,
taking advantage cf the spirit of
unrest, an attitude towards the
overthrow of national government.
The gigantic performance was all
staged, with the background of
the general strike in Winnipeg, followed by the sympathetic strikes
extending from Vancouver to Toronto. The Jury was harrasied In
their sympathies, excited by .tales
of distress, children without milk,
hospitals left in want, sick and ailing without the necessaries of life,
everybody distressed tremendously over the riots, and all kinds of
evidence was brought and Russell
was made responsible for all the
letters written—for Cassldy'a letter' in Brandon, for letters written by Socialists and others who
were tired of the slow progress of
affairs towards relief, responsible
for the outbursts of Impatlents by
men who were suffering under the
sting of want, owing to conditions
of the mining camps of B. C. and
elsewhere. Hundreds of letters
were allowed In evidence. There
wero  700 exhibits altogether.
Judge Renders Verdict
Continuing, he said: Thore is,
in my opinion, a good chance of
success on the appeal, owing to
the attitude taken by the judge.
It was his chargo to tho jury, I
am informed by my associate, Mr.
McMurray, that ultimately brought
the Jury to a sense of the enormity
of the offense of the prisoner at
tho bar.
In closing Mr. Bird stated that he
had intended to refor to some of
the remarks of the trial judge in
summing up and addressing the
jury, but as the hour was late he
would dispense with this. He, how
ever, briefly outlined Borne of the
comments which huve already
been published in the columns of
the Federatlonist. He stated, how
ever,' that he was confident that
the gumming up 0f tho judge had
had a tremendous amount to do
with tho verdict rendered. He resumed his seat amid loud and continued applause, after he had stated that it would soon be realized
that the workers had no leaders,
but tho rank and ille. was the
prime factor in the labor movement and that some day Runsall
would be a big man and that those
who had prosecuted would possibly take off their hats to him.
President Mldgley, in thahking
Mr. Bird, stated that if Russell
was guilty then there were many
in the room who were equally
guilty, and that instead of repressive measures stopping the O. B.
U. movement, that they had not
been able to get supplies, and wondered when his time would come.
The nomination of officers was
left over until the next meeting
of the council on January 15th,
as were other matters that would
have ordinarily been dealt with
but for the lateness of the hour.
Barbers Join O. 11. IT.—Carmen
Are Kxpivli'il lo Fallow
Winnipeg.—Cannon of thc Wlnnipog Electrio Hallway Company
have severed their allegiance from
the international union and formed a new independent union unattached to ony other union or organization, but it In understood
thnt it will affiliate with the One
Big Union.
The Barbers' Union has seceded from the International and Joined tlie O. B. U.
Favor Amalgamation
Tlie Transport Workers' meeting
on Wednesday night was one of the
most enthusiastic and interesting
sinco tho formation of this unit.
This meeting being tho first meoting
of tho yoar tho mombers turned out
in force, and just to prove that the
O. B. U. is still alive thero was more
money paid in for dues than ut any
meeting during the last Bix months,
and in addition to this several new
members were signed up.
Tho question of amalgamation
with the other units in the eity wos
given tlio fullest discussion, and the
members voted unanimously in favor
of amalgamation. Tho next meoting will bo   on   Monday,   January
*m sum
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Be on hand and assist in tho election of efficient, officers to manage
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Anothor smashing labor viefoiy
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