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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 28, 1921

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$2.50 PER YEAR
First Attempts Have Not
Met With Approval
likely to Be Great Many
Increases Before Year
Has Passed
Th« employers of B. C. have
been somewhat afleoUd with tho
Alienee whloh ha* broken out In
many parts of this continent to reduce wave*. But the flnt assault
la not meeting with the success
WUhed for In many Instances,
Ifany employers have rushed Into
tta scheme without giving a great
deal of thought to lt, with the result that the employees havo, ln
many cases, been able to show the
bosses the fallacy of such a move
and thus prevented what might
kave been serious disturbances' ln
the province. One of the recent
attempts was made during the
lockout of the printers, when at
ihe alleged suggestion ot the Manufacturers' Association, a out of
$S.fiO per week was made to the
men. The men laughed at the suggestion and the bosses reverted to
thetr former attitude and later
agreed to what will ba an increase
In wages.
The shipbuilding Arm ot Coughlans thought the time opportune
•nd posted notices ot a reduction,
hut after a conference with offl
(Continued on page T)
American Saw Mill Workers Are
Boing  Forced  Into  Bad
Working Conditions
Seattle, Wash, — Unorganized
workers are faring badly at the
hands of sawmill owners. The
Bolcom-Canal Lumber Company
haB made a wage out of 87 __ per
Men are putting ln 12 hours at
the plant at straight time pay now,
whereas last summer they got time
and a half pay for anything over
eight hours,
The mill Is being run overtime
to till orderti, despite the claims
made that a wage cut Is neseasary
because there Is practically no
New Organization in U. S.
Holdisi Its First Convention
Philadelphia—After giving approval to Ireland's struggle for
freedom and adopting the shop
•Uward's system ln Its entirety,
the first convention of the Amalgamated Metal Workers has adjourned, deciding to oall a national
•onference of all bodies ln the industry at some time in the future.
Following is a resume ot the various actions taken by the convention:
The Berne International was
condemned for its betrayal of the
caube ot Labor.
It was deolded to affiliate with
Revolutionary organizations for the
organization of a revolutionary industrial international.
The workers were called upon
to use all means at their disposal
to foroe the government to recognise Russia,
The release of all ctass, war and
political prisoners was demanded.
It was planned to communicate
with the Italian Metal Workers in
order to learn their organization
methods. Organizers were assigned to work among Spanish, Italian
and female workers.
The constitution adopted by the
eonvention now goes before the
membership tn a referendum. National officers will be elected later.
Senators of United States
Say Britain Wants to
Avoid Payment
Finances Needed for the
Military Conquest of
Many Countries
(By Laurence Todd)
Feedrated Press Correspondent
Washington.—Light upon the
British attempt to avoid payment
of interest and principal due the
United States on the $4,000,000,000
debt of the British Oovernment to
our Treasury, U sought in resolutions offered in the Senate by
Walsh of Massachusetts and La-
Follette ot Wisconsin.
Thla light is needed because
special agent of Lloyd Oeorge Is
coming over with a plan for "
funding" or otherwise putting off
the fatal day of payment of real
money in return for the real
money and real food and clothing
and other goods which the United
States Government delivered u
the British. The Senate progressives want to know whether
Lloyd George is conserving his
financial resources Tor the military
inquest of Ireland. India, Egypt,
Persia, Mesopotamia and other
countries' at our expense. They
want further to know whether the
British armies are to be strengthened, and wars are to be fought
under British encouragement, because of the ease with which the
American government foregoes collection of the funds It needs to
meet its own current deficit.
O'Connor Dealt With
Historic Forces
Last Week
Last Sunday evening
crowd turned up at the Empress
theatre to hear Tom O'Connor,
present the case for the Socialist
Party. Lack of space prevents a
detailed report of the address, but
in the time allowed him, O'Connor,
ln his Inimitable style, dealt with
the historic movement of the human race, emphasizing and proving that the growth and development of economic forces within
society must bring capitalism to an
end. The questions sent up at the
close of the address, were dealt with
ln a verV ablo manner, and a splendid night's work was accomplished.
Jack Kavanagh will eptak next
Cochrane, Ont—The plant of the
Mattagaml Pulp & Paper Company
at Smooth Rock Falls has closed.
Situation Appears Hopeless in Spite of Introduction of Palliatives
London—There are now admittedly 544,000 names on tho registered lists of unemployed here, and
these represent only a proportion
of those out of work. It ts estl
mated by the Labor Party that at
loast 1,000,000 men and women
are now workless tn Great Britain.
The government's new plans for
meeting thc unemployed crisis arc
described by Labor speakers as
mere palliatives.
The best of these Is the decision
to grant unemployment benefit
without enforcing the condition of
the four continuous weoks' qualifying period of employment in an Insured trade. This measure apples
only to wot'kers on the "live register, and was operative only until
the end of December, 1920,
The government further proposes
to grant a sum not exceeding £3,-
000,000 In all—a third of the price
of a new battleship—to assist local
authorities ln carrying out work
schemes, A system of dilution, involving the employment of ex-service men, also has been presented
to tho Building Trades Union by
the government.
Meanwhile, Labor demands far
more drastic measures: Maintenance for every one who ls out of
work, with allowances for dependents; a new foreign policy Involving constructive attempts to rehabilitate Kurope and restore ti*ade
and peace; and the organization of
Industry In such a way that, ln
times when work Is slack, the
workers shall not suffer.
All this could be done to some
extent under capitalism, but only
a complete change of the oconomic
system can, of course, ensure the
abolition of crises Uke the present
one, Labor leaders point out.
A. F. of L. Will aold an
Emergency Conference
Next Month
U. S. Labor to Show Fight
Against Encroachment
of Capital
(By   Lwrence    Todd,    Federated
Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington.—By calling an emergency conference of the executives of the 109 national and international unions now afflliated in
the American Federation of Labor,
to meet here February 23 to consider the "open shop" drive, the
killing of the Clayton Act and the
threatened dlsemployment of, further millions of wage workers, Sam
Gompers has thrown wide open the
question es to the future policy of
the Federation.
The progressive forces will flght
for a new programme—they now
ssy. Centered in the group of organizations represented in the railroad industry, this element stands
for public ownership and democratic operation of, the basic Industries on which the general economic life of the country is depend
ent. They favor trade with Soviet
Russia. They oppose militarism.
They oppose espionage and sedition
laws. They demand tho restoration
of all civil liberties and the release
of all political prisoners. They want
the A. F. of L, to join the Amsterdam International, the International Federation of Trade Unionists.
They want to act in concert with
the British Labor Party In meeting
the crises ot unemployment, disarmament, liberation of oppressed
natlona-llties, restoration.of peace ln
Europe and Asia, and the early beginning of a big programme of so
clal control of industry in the in
terest of the workers in Industry
and the muss of tho consumers
of the products of industry.
These principles will form the
basis of division betweon the Old
Guard—which resists them—and
the progressive bloc, at the February conference.
The conference wtll be no cut-
and-drled affair, and there will be
no endorsement of any reactinriaiy
programme, whether offered by
Sa'muel Gompera or anyone olaa,
said Timothy Healy, presldc'it of
the Brotherhood of Stationary
Firemen and recent fraternal delegate to tho British Trade Union
Congress, discussing the situation.
Reactionary ideas must be
dropped by the Aiiierican labor
movoment. We are facing a terrible and critical condition, In which
the workers will tolerate no hesitation In the safeguarding of their
rights from attack from either thc
business interests or from poUical
reaction. The rank and flle are
going to bo heard."
It Is apparent that the conference has been called both in response to the demand voice1! hy
President Johnston o£ the Machinists Immediately after the November election, on behalf of tho
progressives, and because the Gompers following hns become anx'oiis,
since thc Supreme Court wiped out
their Magna Charta—the Clayton
Act—to get a new sanction 'rom
the unions in preparation for the
struggle against the progressives
which must take place ln the Denver convention In June. It ls poasi
ble that the issuance of the cal'
was influenced by tho fact that
Johnston Invited himself to "visit
the Pan-American Labor Congress
at Mexico City, which the executive council of the A. F. of L, had
Subject Will Be Unemployment, Its Cause
and Cure
bita Rose Henderson spoke to a
big crowd laat Sunday. In her
opening remarks ahe Instances
how on a visit to a museum In
Germany aha noticed tha great
growth ot the brains ot a man or
woman when shown skulls dating
hack several hundred years ago, up
to the present age showing how
new evolution will go on. This waa
used to further explain the meaning of revolution* viz, to go round.
Mrs. Henderson then outlined the
various stages of society under
which we have lived and how each
various stage gave place to i
other, and so on up to the present
capitalistic system. The audience
waa reminded that in the days of
slavery when a master purchased
a slave vhe was only too pleased to
give that particular Blave every
care and attention as he would
cost money to replace. The difference between the slavery of that
period and today being In the
former the slave was purchased
and taken care of. Now the slaves
offer themselves ln groups for sale
and at a price which will not assure a reasonable condition of existence. Next naklng up the subject uf sabotage she illustrated
how the master class had alwaya
used thto weapon in the adulteration of foods, etc., and also In
the matter of production, locking
out tho workers whenever they
found a profit could not be made
on the goods manufactured. How
could you expect workmen to remain "moral" when such examples
were thrust upon them. A fervent
appeal was mado for Ireland to
be granted her full and freo independence. It being quite evident
that today she is being held down
by armed forces against the will
of the people and what is more'
against the will ot the workers.1
Russia was also spoken of, and;
the speaker asked for Russia to'
be given a fall* trial and allowed'
to develop her resources and organize the country on whatever
basis of form, of government the'
people desired.
Next Sunday, 8 p.m., Comrado
J. S. Woodsworth will speak. Subject, "Unemployment, Ita Cauae
and Cure." Chairman, Walter
Batt. Come early to secure a seat.
Hundreds turned away last week.
Peterborough, Ont. — "I believe
this government is the creature of
certain big schemes now floating lh
the air and that it ta a positive dan.
ger to Canada," J. H. Burnham, a
hide-bound Conservative, who re-
atgned his seat ln the House of
Commons following his declaration
that the present parliament S
elected merely to carry Canada
through the war period, says In an
eloction manifesto.
Men    Cannot
Keep Up Desired Na
:  tional Prosperity
(By Scott Nearing, Federated Press
Staff Writer)
Tha newspapers have had very
little to aay about business failures
during the paat few weeks. When
thp 27th North Dakota bank closed
its doors, there was less comment
than when the first one went to
th$ wall, and that comment was
*' cted against the Non-partisan
Instead of reporting fall-
a the papers have printed rosy
dictions by Judge Gary, James
under and other flnanclal lead-
'allures have occurred none the
and the number haa been
mounting rapidly. During the flrst
months of 1020, the business
failures averaged 500 per month
(ttnuary, 510; February, 441;
Search, 581; April, 481; May, 455;
June, 672.) After that the lncreaae
beftan. There were 698 failures ln
July; 683 In August; 861 ln September; 802 In Ootober; 802 in December. The failures, ln December
were therefore twice those of October and Nov. and three times
the number reported for the early
months 0f the year. Furthermore,
tMb failures for the last week of
December (470) were almost equal
to' the monthly average for the
flrst half of the year.
Of course, these failures were
mainly among small business men.
Thus, during the week ending December 16, ot the 414 failures, 810,
or three-fourths, were reported by
Arms which had a capital of less
than 15000; 54 were reported by
businesses with 15000 to $20,000
capital, and only 10 (less than 3
per cent.) lnolved firms with $100,-
000 or more of capital.
The business depression Is mounting—surely and rapdlly. The
"small fry" Is caught flrst. Later,
as. the depression becomes more
severe, the larger businesses will
be Involved, until the whole econ
omlo fabric Is in tho grip of "hard
times." Unemployment will become rampant; the poor (the families of the unemployed workerB)
will suffer Indescribable hardship;
the rich will grow a little richer;
gradually the surplus will be absorbed and again capitalism will
resume Its solemn course of pros
pertty, panic and liquidation.
Thla same condtilon ot affairs
applies equally, as well to Canada
and the rest of. the world.
(Continued on Page  8)
Meetings in O.B.U. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League,
THURSDAY—Plasterers* Helpers and Dance, 9 to 12.
SATURDAY—Danc«, 9 to 12.
Big Strike Movement Ties
Up Many Industrial
Buenos Ayres—The National Socialist Congress of Argentina, meeting at Bahla Blanca, tbted unanimously to cable Lenin their wishes
for his complete success. By a
vote of 6018 to 3656, they decided
against affiliation with the Third
The growing radicalism of Labor
ln Argentina has played a prominent part ln the serlos of strikes,
particularly In shipping, which
havu brokon out since the collapse
of the revolutionary strike of Jan.,
1019. At present 450 vessels are
tied up in the various ports of tho
nation, the Maritime Federation
of Workera having refused the concessions offered by the shipowners.
Automobiles or taxi cabs havo
Jjoen rare sights upon the streets
of this city during the past two
weeks, due to the strike of 3000
chauffeurs in Bymputhy with the
striking employees of the West
India Oil Co. The strikers will allow nothing to be moved In any
way connected with the oil Industry, with the result that tho entiro nation is faced with a gasoline
famine. _
The unrest of Labor ia fust
spreading Into the rural districts,
In some of which troops have been
called out to suppress the striking
ranch hands. The workers on the
large sheep ranches ln Santa Cruz
territory have Joined the strike
Ontario United Farmers
Sec. Warns Against
Military Ideas
London, Ont.—"We were told
that the last war was to end all
wara, but militarism now Ib rampant in Canada and Its is infesting
the schools and homes," J. J. Morrison, secretary of the United Farmers of Ontario, declared in a
speech at Willow Grove, Middlesex county.
"We are told that we must be
prepared to insure peace. Look at
Germany. What did preparedness
do for her? The poople of Germany
were misled by the same arguments
that are now being used hore.
"The humble German citizen did
not want war any moro than you
do. You knew them here before
the war, and they were good citlsens.. The German people were
ruled by war lords who told them
to prepare. They listened to the
militarists and what was the result? Millions of people slaughtered and the country wrecked.
"Thirty years ago Colonel Denison, now Toronto's magistrate, was
going up and down the country
preaching the doctrine of preparedness for an Invasion from the
United States. Ho wanted forts
built along the International boundary and war vessels on the Great
Lakes. He didn't succeed. If he
had succeeded Canada and the
United States would have clashed
long before this.
When your neighbor begins to
arm himself, you, too, arm, ln
self-defense. If you train a professional soldier class they will want
war. They will want promotion.
They will want honor, Tho only
way they can get It will be by
war. It's not popular to say these
things, but if we do not suppress
this militaristic movement, which
Is now In full swing, the same
thing will happen to us aa happened ln Germany."
South Vancouver F. L. P.
The South Vancouver branch of
the F. L. P. will hold an organization meeting in the G. A. U. V.
Hal), 40th Avenue and Victoria
Road, on Friday, February 4, at 8
ftnn. Speakers will be announced
later. Come and bring your
Government Offers Them
$3.50 a Day to Work
on the Roads
John McMillan, secretary of the
Mordcn (Vancouver Island) miners, forwards the following reso<
lution to the Federationist, which
resulted from a meeting held in
Richards hall, South Wellington,
last Sunday. The meeting was
composed of unemployed miners
ahd others who are out of work in
the Nanaimo district, and was called because of criticism levelled at
the unemployed for accepting work
oh the roads at government relief
3'iy of $3.r»o per day.   The resolu-
on reads:
i "Whereas, thc Provincial government ls setting a'dangerous
precedent in paying $3.CO per day
for relief work on roads; and,
whereas, this amount Is altogether
Inadequate to keep a family on;
and whereas, lt will be used as a
precedent by private employers to
reduce wages, and is unfair to
other government employees who
are now receiving a minimum of
14.25 per day. •
' "Therefore, be lt resolved, that
this mass meeting of unemployed,
assembled in Richards hall, South
Wellington, Sunday, Jan. 16, 1921,
strongly protest to the Provincial
government for such action as set
fprth in preamble herewith attached."
"And be It further resolved, that
we declare such wagea at this time
to be unfair.
; "And, be It further resolved, that
the secretary of this meeting be
Instructed to communicate with
tjie various mine committees of
Nanaimo and district, asking that
they take up a collection to support the uncmploped ln their stand
against the government's wage of
18.50 per day."
Further action of unemployed
will largely depend upon support
Independents  and Communists Unite With 700-
000 Members
Farmers and Machinists
Uning Up With the
New Movement
(By the Federated Press)
Berlin.—Despite predictions by
old-time trade unionists, baaed
upon the failure of tha Communists to get control of the powerful
Metal Workers' Union In Greater
Berlin at the recent election of a
local directorate, that the new
Communist .party's chances of
winning the support of the unions
on a large acale ' are not very
bright, It li a fact that aa a result ot the recent fusion ot the Independent Socialists with the Communist Party the new Communist
Party has approximately 700,000
memberi. This is as large as the
party in Russia.
Leaders of the United Communist Party are greatly cheered by
the results of a recent election In
Chemnitz where the Communists
oast 17,180 votes and won eight
seats in the Municipal Council.
Theae gains are attributed to the
fact that Communist agitators
from Hanau, the Prussian city
captured by the Communists some
time ago, laid much stress upon
the practical reforms put through
in their city.
Among the accomplishments of
the Hanau Communist aldermen
are the cutting of the gas rate for
persons with incomes of less than
18,000 marks a year; free meals for
school children, paid for by a 5
per cent, tax on persona with incomes of morg than 30,000 marks;
the drastic execution of housing
regulations compelling house owners to limit themselves to three or
four rooms and let the others to
working class families; the fur
nlshlng of free funerals to persons
with less than 18,000 mark incomes; the establishing of a welfare bureau for infants and nursing mothers, as well as creches,
where mothers and children receive milk and food gratis, and the
abolition of religious instruction In
the schools.
Paul Levy, an old supporter of
Liebknecht and now one of the
leaders in the Communist Party,
gives as the reasons for this
strengthening of the adherents to
thc Third International In Germany the dissatisfaction of the
proletariat with the present political and economic system, unemployment and the disintegration of
the methods of production.
Speaking of the recruits which
the Communist Party ts getting,
Levy showa how they are coming
now out of the ranks of the new
poor. "The farm hands and Bmall
farmers are coming over to us," he
says. "Foor the first time In history there has been a revolutionary
movement on the estates in North
Germany. Alongside these farmera
ts an army ot functionaries, pensioners and skilled workmen who
imagined till now they stood
firm soil. It la among these that
the Communists are finding much
of their moral and intellectual support."
The new German Communist
Party recently formed by the Left
Independents and Communists
will be led by Clara Zetkln, Paul
Levy and Daumlg, all members of
the Reichstag. Robert Williams
of the English Transport Workers,
who attended the conference,
(Continued on page 8)
Formation of a New Party Planned
As a Reeult of Division
ln tbe Ranks
Chrlstlanla—The Labor Party of
Norway has split on the question of
affiliation with the Communist International.
Two hundred delegates to the
congress, In session here, walked
out and decided to form a new
party. Tha: others definitely affiliated with the Communists.
' S The dissenting 200 are preparing
tha formation of a new part.,, to
which mott of the Labor leaders
ln parliament will belong, It' li Bald.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Plan to Continue Debate
Until Three Members
Are Released
Will Have Eighteen Days
To Serve Before
Winnipeg.—Tho Free Preis Evening Bulletin states:
"A blockade of the business of
tho legislature until Labor members Imprisoned on charges of seditious conspiracy are released, ls
planned by the Labor group lu the
Provincial House, according to Information obtained at the Parliament Buildings.
The Labor members plan to continue the debato on the speech
from the throno until William
Ivens, Oeorge Armstrong and John
Queen are paroled, so that they
will be given an opportunity to
reply to the throne message and to
take their part in the buslnesj of
the session.
"The term of imprisonment imposed on the Labor members does
not expire until April 6, but a
number of days will be taken oK
for good conduct, making March 1
as the probable date for the release.   Thc session opens Feb. 10."
Teamsters Now Agreement
The Vnncouver local of the Oeneral Teamsters and Chauffeurs Association will take up thc question
of the renewal of Its agreement
with the employers, which expires March 27. All members aro
requested to attend.
Will Oppose Any Attempt
to Change Economic
Commander of Japanese
Forces Reveals True
Objects of Japan
(By Philip Salter, Fedorated Preaa
Stall Correspondent)
Peking—General Oi, commander
ot the Japanese troops in Siberia,
has Informed the Vladlostok government—or as much of a government as Japan permits Vladivostok
to have—that It will not permit
any step looking toward the Institution of a Communist form of government In the Eastern Siberian
province. Thereby he reveals much
aa to what has actuated all the
great powers ln their polloy toward
Japan drops suddenly the pretense of self-defence, the need of
keeping the Russian Soviet forces
out of Manchuria and Korea and,
thereby, Japan. It .drops the pretense of defending the helpless
Russian peasants against the "red
tyr'ants" ln the cause of the sacred
rights of self-determination. It
atates Its objects nakedly—to prevent any modification of the present economic regime or any experiment that might by example
undermine that regime ln Japan.
(Continued on page 7)
PENDER HALL, Cor. Howe and Pender
SUNDAY, Jan. SOth, 1921
8:80 t. M.
^■■■■•^■■ane-.^ft"*'!"!"*-*-*"*"* ■«'■»-«'■>'e'^4'" '"* *
Hawthornthwaite Invited
to Attend Ladysmith
Knocking. Soviet Russia seems to
be a favorable Mistime of some
erstwhile Socialists, among whom
J. H. Hawthornthwalte can be placed. Only recently In Victoria whilo
addressing a meeting of war veterans J. H. H. hnd the opportunity
and took it, of denouncing tho new
order In Russia, and stated, if preaa
reports be true, that Lenin and
Trotsky had admitted that they had
failed. First hand knowledge is,
however, essenlinl In order to understand any situation, and there
are men who have been In Russia
since the revolution and Isaac McBride, who is representing the Soviet Russia medical relief fund committee, has been there In recent
times, and Blnco the revolution, and
will speak at a good number of
meetings on the coaat within the
na*t few weeks, Arrangements
have been made for him to speak
at Gould's hall, Ladysmith, on February 3, and an Invitation has been
made to Mr. Hawthornthwalte to
attend, when ho will havo an opportunity of hearing flrst-hand Information on the conditions ln Soviet Russia, and to compare his
statements as to what has taken
place in that country, with thc remarks of Mr. McBride.
Machinists Union Officials
Say Detectives Have
Secret Instructions
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
Press Stuff CorteBpoiident)
Washington—Secret instructions
Issued to detectives and stool-pigeons Inside the Labor movoment
by detective agencies, to "break up
all unions by May 31," have been
disclosed to the International' Association of Machinists, Oeneral
Secretary-treasurer Davison told
the Federated Press.
This nation-wide plot to break
up unions from the Inside was one
of the elements ln the general plan
of campaign of the "open Bhop"
and "American plan" enthusiasts.
Considerable sumB have been spent
on the ottempt to carry It through
to success.
"At their present rate of progress," said Davison, "the employers who put money into this plan
will not draw a dividend from It in
1921. On the con ."ry, they are
driving all elements of the Labor
movement, within and outside ths
A. F, of L. Into a feeling of solidarity and an intensity of determination they have not had in years."
Toronto, Ont.—Two rooms in ths
parliament buildings are being fll-
ted up for the use of Ernest Drury,
Farmer-Labor premier of Ontario,
who wants to sleep near his work,
Labor Forces Are Being
Unified Since the
(By the Federated Press)
Berlin, Dec. 30—(By Mail).
Two outstanding features of the aftermath of the partial general strike
called In the Cxecho-Slovak Republic by the Left Wing of the .Socialist Party and the Communists following the fatal clash in Prague on
Doc. 9, when the Right Wing of
the Czech Socialist Purty regained
possession of the party's central
offlce, with the help of the police,
arc the tendency toward the unification of the Laboi' forces on the
one hand and the move toward establishing a reactionary White
Guard on the other.
The Rude Pravo, organ of the
Left Wing of the Czech Socialist
Party, reports a meeting held in
Prague on Dec. 20, attended by 1G6
members of the executive committees of 41 Czech trade unions, at
which a decided trend toward the
Left was revealed. Upon motion
of M. Pucovsky, it was decided to
order the parliamentary club of
the Right Wing ond to join tlio
club  of trade union deputies  ri--
poliU^ HS 'in lnaePOndent  For th.   I,.,, iuh tnuinh, U,« »»..!.,-
Operators    Could    Not
Work With Unfair
The O. B. U. miners in the Slocan district have a clear field now
after their long strike. AH the
mines that triod to operate under
unfair conditions have closed down.
That the Czech societies, known
as the Sokols, are to be armed for
the purpose of "protecting national
ideas" is the statement made in
local papers. At the next meeting
of the executive committee ot the
Sokols plans for auch action are to
bs worked out, presumably with
the consent of the government authorities, who are said to be not
over confident of tho uttltudo of
the regular troops in case 0f future
strike disturbances. It ls stated
that the armed Sokols cun be used
to try out the militia system promised for the future by President
tors of the Noble Five mlae have
been trying to operate wilh men
from the prairie, and during that
time have kept tbe hospital full to
capacity, In fact the hospital has
had to have extra help ln order to
bc able to take cure of the injured
Tho owners ot the NoMo Five
have been advertising through the
dally press about their up-to-date
bunkhouse, and tliey claim tlmt It
cost thom $10,000 but still what
they call an up-io-dale bunkhuUt.ti
Is 120 cu';;c tout under tbe requirements of tho IhuHj. regulai*jtt acl
of tills pr "Vlnce.
The La.n.'l'y Worker* have contributed the sum of $109.04 to tht
defense fund.
Public Meetings
Actual Conditions in Soviet Russia
Journalist and Lecturer, recently returned from Soviot Russia,
will apeak
Vancouver, Sunday next, January 80lli, Kmpress Theatre, 3 p.m.
Vancouver. Sundny next, January UOtli, Colonial Theatre, 8 p.m.
New  M'cslniliwtor,  Monday,  January :tlsi. Opera House, 8 p.m.
Victoria, Tuesday, February 1st, 8 p.m.
>■■«■.!■■»■■ 4*a*tm \GETWO
thirteenth year. no. »     tHE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY January ?•» test
Dollar Day
Local Lunb, .btev, lb.  98o
Local Lftinb, Bhtmlderf, lb .....S5«
Local  Lamb,  Loioi,  lb, —™™ 82s
Loesl Lamb, Lep, lb. » -34s
Est* tou tried oat of our fsm*
oui Pork Shoulder* t Ther 0^7
weigh from 6 to 8 lbs. snd yoa
«an get nothing better for the
week-end roast Begular 880
lb. epeeial. lb. „ 30c
Bacon Baoon Bacon
Slater'a   Famoua   Streaky   Bacon,   oa
sale on Friday and Saturday In 9
and 3-lb. pleeei; sugar cured.  Reg.
491-20 lb.   Speolal, lb 381-20
Pot Roasts, from, lb 17s
Oren Roasts, Horn, lb - 18c
Quaker Tomatoei, large tins .170
Quaker Corn  «. -17o
Quaker Peas,  2  for   ....85c
B. 0. Milk, 2 for  26c
Reindeer Milk,  tin   26c
Boiling Beef, from, lb 	
Stew Beef, from, lb ~	
Corned Beef, from, lb	
We will put, oa sal* for Friday
■nd eaiurdsy about 600 lbs, of
middle cuts of Fork for rosst-
ing, weighing from 2 to 10 lbs.
Reg. 45r, )b.   apeclal, lb 3fl0
Bnttor       Buttar       Buttor
Wo wlU aell on Saturday, No. 1 Ab
berta   Creamery  Butter,   Reg.   65o
lb. Speolal, lb 66e
Limit 6 lba.   From 8 to 11 a.m.
Finest Round Steaks, lb SOo
Fineat T Bono Steaks, lb  ...38o
Finest Sirloin Steaks, lb SSo
Local Lamb Chops, lb. ...,35o snd 40d
Calvei*  Liver, lb 26e
Ou Saturday we will sell our famous   Sugar   Cured   Picnic   Bam.
Reg. 860 lb.   Special lb. 29 l-2o
Have you tried our famous Rolled
Rooetsl They're fine. Reg. 35o
lb.   Specinl. lb 28 1-«C
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, Ib. IBe
Slater's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 60e
Slater'a Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 660
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Bacon,
lb 46e
Sister's  Sliced  Ayrshire  Bacon,
lb.     ....- 6O0
Slater's Famous Tea, lb - 46c
Nabob Best Tea, lb,  .....66c
Slater's Best Coffee, lb  60s
Nabob Best Coffee, lb 6Se
Finest Pearl Barley, 2 lba. for ....26s
Finest Split Peas, 9 lba. for  ...26c
Finest Pearl Beam, 9 lbs. for 26c
Finest Pearl Tapioca, 2 lbs. for ....80s
On Saturday we will aell onr famous Ayrshire Baok Baeon, Reg.
660 lb.   Special, lb - 46c
Finest Canadian Cheese, lb 36o
Old Canadian Cheese, lb. _ 40c
B. 0. Freih Eggs, dos.  .700
123 Hastings Street East,
1191 Oranvillo Streot, corner Davis
830 OraaTiUs Street
3260 Mala Strsst
Phone Seymoar 3202
Phone Seymour 6149
Phons Seymour 868
Phono Fsirmont 1683
For a face that
looks its youth
Firm* comfortable Expression Teeth—tbat fill oak
shrunken lines—restore to a face Its natural bloom
and look of youth. The only way to replace missing
teeth la by work that duplicates them—tlie apeclal
skill that makea auch work a marvel of dental construction. Let me explain the advantages of such
teeth.   And my prices ore a minimum.
Tbls la a wis* precaution,
for even if sn abscess doesn't
as yot exlit, neglect will in*
vite auch j. condition. Thea,
too, my methods are modern
nnd thorough—whioh allevlsU
pain snd assure qoiok and
effective work.
Corner Seymour
Office Open Tuesday and Friday
DR.  BRETT ANDERSON,   formerly member of the Faculty of ths
College of Dentistry, University of Southern California, Lecturer
on Crown and Bridgework, Domonstrator in Flatework and Opera-
ti-re Dentistry, Local snd Oenersl Anaesthesia.
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i   A IF
-i -Wt#£ -i/iwyr?
As It Was Not in the Beginning!
A Chapter on the Relationship of the Sexes
A LETTER appeared In tho
Dally News of August 13th
last, by Misa Jane Burr, de
scribed as "the young: American
noveftet and poet." It concerned
the relationship of the sexes, and
evoked considerable interest and a
number of replies.
Miss Burrfl,oon(3emns . marriago
without qualification,.and calls for
a new relationship of the sexes.
"All women are sick .to death of
marriage. Our mothers are sick
of it and their mothers were ber
fore them. In an interview on the
same subject, the Daily News
quotes her.as saying: "I have no
use for marriage. What I want is
romance—and marriage Just
knocks that on the head." Dame
Clara Butt in the snme correspondence declares: "Marriage is a free
institution which has been ruined
by the laws being too one-sidfed."
The burden of Miss Burr's other
critics ls that all marriages are not
failures, that none need be, ln fact,
would young people study the physical Implications of marriage, the
care of children, and the exercise
of mutual tolerance and consideration.
It will be seen that Miss Burr
and her critics equally make the
mistake of viewing matrimonial relationships as isolated from other
social relations, and capable of being treated without reference to
them. To those who have adopted
the materialistic conception of history it is apparent that niarriage Is
a social institution which, like all
others—tho structure of the law,
the established church, social
amusements, and so on—reflects
material conditions. Every fundamental change in the organization
of the production of wealth revolutionizes the institutions qf social
life, so that they correctly represent the new relationships between
members of the community. Marriage relations under modern capitalism are very different to those
which existed during the period of
chattel slavery, and different again
from those of tribal communism.
It ls therefore, well that anyone
who finds undesirable features in
present-day marriage should - consider how far they arise from the
nature of marriage in goneral, and
therefore would he common to all
forms of the family, and how far
they are peculiar to the special
form which marriage takes at this
point of ItB development. It Is
self-evident, for example, that In
any continued and lntlmote human'
intercourse, much tolerance Is
necessary to. secure harmony; indeed, we may say that happiness In
co-operation is in proportion to the
common willingness to subordinate
Individual well-being to that of the
group—whether the group be of
two or two millions.
Common sense dictates, likewise,
a clear understanding of thoso
physical functions which He to
some extent within the,control of
the human will, that of generation
among the most, important; and
tho greatest "possible efficiency* in
all wont whilcliMy^ desire to do
Well, the care of 'children being
such work in the eyes of most men
and women. Such requirements of
married Ufe, therefore, are common to all forms of the family in
all ages; and their absence mars
alike the household of tho Australian aborigine and the cultured
Not Common Feature
Miss Burr's charge against the
institution of marriago, however,
points Immediately to a feature not
common to all stages of development. Her complaint is that
present-day marriage is a bond not
to be severed at will—that Inability
to support herself and the necessity of caring for her children
make a wife dependent upon her
husband; and he, similarly, because
she Is his wife and the mother of
his children, is bound to support
her. "We'vo got to quit working
the men on that threadbare business of being the mothers of their
children. We've got to quit working the men at all. We've got to
be trained to Jobs, and we've got
to learn how to be cast aside."
It is true Miss Burr confuses her
argument by exaggerated and ambiguous phrases. That "all women
are sick to death of marriage," for
Instance, is obviously incorrect, and
gives her opponents an excuse for
paying no attention to   her , main
argument. '* • ,"-
Again, she says:    "If only men
will permit us to print the truth
about life Instead of keeping that
knowledge within their sacre.d- clr
cles we women might be able to
promise them a Square " dfe^l/1 iii
future."    But she does not' defli^'
what she means' by    "the.'^trutn;
about  life."    What is  th'is,'Rno\^:
ledgs of which, men havo the,m6n-
opoly, and, by implication, ^uo not
allow women to print?   AiiS'hojv
do they provent it? 'm'   "
•>•-.-■■-.        "nr.,-sin
Miss Burr's condemnation^.. q£
marriage rests, on . ecfj&omh;
grounds, as we have seen, and of
the force of economic prpssui;©
both sexes are equally coi^izanjt.
Besides, she demands: "Is itj^fp-
ty to push our boys and gjrlp;!i>ff,
into something that we know •bq?,
forehand has made us wretched?";
So, after all, It appears that, one
sex Is not so much better acquainted with "the truth about
Ufe" (whatever it. may be) ,Jhan
the other.
Woman Dependent on Man
For all that her mai.i charge,-as
stated above is definite, and obviously It is applicable only to" "a"
systom where the married woman
is dependent on her husband. That
is to say, where card of the household and the bearing of children
are not a concern of society as a
wljole, but the private business bf
the male head of each family.
Plainly, too, It is an evil that will
only vanish when the vital functions of maternity and housewifery
again become a public service-1-
when not the monogamous family,
but the individual human being, is
the economic unit of society.
The scope of our enquiry,' the'n,
must be this: Out of what system of production did the family
as we know it arise, and" what' is
Its logical future development?
Bet us briefly glance at"' ;fh¥
origin and growth of the hliman'
family, a« made known by'the research of many scientists. In this
direction one name stands, preeminent—that of Lewis Morgan,
Miss Burr's countryman. By a
different road he arrived at the
same result as Marx—the "formulation of the theory that the foremost dynamic factor in history 'is
the reproduction of the materialistic requirements of life. During1
the 43 years since his main work
was published further investigation
has but confirmed his principle
When Women  Uulril
According to Morgan, during
the period of savagery, when property consisted of the simplest of
articles, and none owned accumulations of wealth which they might
wish thoir children to inherit,
group marriage existed. Thhj.wt^s
itself a development frorji ' an
earlier condition of unrestricted
sexual intercourse within the tribe,
and constituted every woman yjfjtli-
In the group the wife of ^very
man, and vice versa. At itg.ear-
lieat appearance the groups, werp
very broad; as one set of relatives
after another was excluded Jrorp
sexual intercourse, they narrowed.
Obviously in such groups only, female lineage could be traced;-
therefore women, as the acknowledged parents of children, .were
held In high respect. When, the
continued narrowing of marriage,
groups resulted in the pairing~.fanally within the communal houses
hold, the women still, ruled there.
But with the rearing of herds and
keeping of slaves during barbarism, came the accumulation of
private property in the tools of
production, which, acccordlng to
the division of labor, and consequently of property, belonged to
the man. This ownership gave the
husband the superior position in
the household, but according to
the traditional custom, his wealth
was inherited, not by his children
(for he was not acknowledged
Iheir parent) but by certain of his
relatives on his mother's side.
Thereforo in widely different nations and times, so soon aa the
means of production became private property in the hands of men,
was   the   "maternal   law"   over
thrown. The wife became the
bearer of her husband's children,
the superintendent of his slaves.
Nominally either party could atill
dissolve the marriage at pleasure,
but actually, of course, the woman
was bound to the man who held
the food and instruments for producing food.
In the mona'gamous family
which next developed, and which
amons the Greeks attained its
severest form, even this nominal
freedom of the wife disappeared.
The marriage wjis made permanent, and the wife bound to chastity
by severest penalties—evert under
pain of death. Not so the husband.
Bq had the right to demand thp
surrender qf his female slavos, and
intercourse with prostitutes was b.v
no means condemned. "Supremacy
of the man in the family, and generation of children that could be
his offspring alone and were destined to be the heirs of his woalth
—these were openly avowed by tho
Greeks to b,e th'e sole object*! of
monogamy." (Engels. "Origin of
the Family, Private Property and
the State," j). 79.)
- >. •   Family Economic Unit
We flee, then, that with the posing of tribal communism .ml the
development of. private pr,>p«.riy in.
the means of life, the monogamous
family became the economic unit
of society. "In the ancient communistic household, comprising
many' married couples and their
children, the administration entrusted to women was Just as muoh
a public function, a socially necessary Industry, as the procuring of
food by men/' (Engels. "Origin
of the Family," p. 89.) In the
transition to monogamy-this social
character of women's^work disappeared. Hers became a private
service within the unit—the monogamous family. It was no longer
the business of society, but of the
husband, to supply her with the
necessaries of life; and this dependence bound her to hfm more
effectually than legal ties, though
these,. as we well know, speedily
came iptp existence.
; Appearing on the threshold of
civilization, and boing the form of
the family generally corresponding
to .it, monogamy has endured
through feudalism, with legal
changes conforming flrst to ieudul,
then to capitalist, ideology. And
its character of being monogamy
only for women, stamped upon it
by the practico of "enjoying" young
female-slaves, persists also to the
present day- This by no means
signifies that chastity among men
is unknown, but sitnply that It is
not'necessary to the form, and that
sexual irregularities aro Judged
more leniently In a man than in a
woman. The nominal denunciation
of prostitution by the present-day
ruling class is mainly confined to
the women who practice it, and
seldom touches the men, who employ it.
This shows by how much Dante
Burr's remark, quoted above,
misses the truth. The "one-sided
laws" of which she complains are
not the cause of the subjection of
married women, on the contrary,
the economic conditions which involved that degradation created a
sex relationship which found Its
expression in "one-sided laws."
We have pursued our enquiry so
far with respect to conditions during married life, nnd it may perhaps have been.ossumed that Ih
the, actual coming together of
young people there has usually
ibeen a freedom of choice which
was a kind of guarantee of marital
^happiness. Unfortunately, the factB
_o not confirm this assumption.
In the stage of the pairing family
(where separation began for the
first time to be difficult of accomplishment), the Carriage was arranged by the mothers of the bride
and bridegroom, without their consent and often without their knowledge. In the succeeding patriarchal family, the agreement was
between the fathers, and with usually quite other alms than the happiness of the betrothed.
So in monogamy, during the
middle ages, marriage contracts
were arranged in th* Interest of
the house or realm, to which Individual preference had to bow-
Such submission was regarded as
the duty of young people. Feudalism passing away, capitalist ideas
required that both contracting parties should be free, and theoretically gave to both .women and
men the right of choice. Tet It Is
well known that in   practice  nmr-
United States Delegato Says They
Should Not Be Admitted
to Communists
Berlin—At a reeent meeting of
tbo Oerman Communist Party*
Hottner, an unofficial delegate of
the party from the United States,
contested the admission of the X.
W. W. into the ranks. He objected
on the" grounds that the L W. W.'s,
along with the Syndicalists, form
a body without a head. As proof
of the unripeness of the I. W. W.
he chai'ged that members of that
body had loaded munitions at Philadelphia for General Wrangel.
"The American I. W. W.'s are
opposed to terrorism tion and reject the Russian methods as not
adapted to American needs," Hottner said and therefore advised
against the admission of the I. W.
W.'s into the Third International.
Wher* ts your Union button?
rlages of choice In the ruling class
are the exception. In capitalist
countries where a portion of the
parental wealth ls legally assured
to the children, the consent of
parents to a marriage must be ob
talned; and In capitalist countries
where consent ls not necessary, the
children may be disinherited. Individual preference here has little
more opportunity to assert itself
than under any previous social system; and if, as often happens, the
match is an ill-sorted one, and one
partner wishes to dissolve It, the
dependence of the woman forbids
it, and consolation has to be
sought, If at all, outside the marriage tie.
These are the results of the sub-
action of women, to the ruling
class of our day. What of the proletarians)*
At flrst glance they appear happier, in that they have greater
freedom of choice—the parents of
young workers having nothing to
gain by the marriage—and because
most industries are now open to
women, with the result that they
can leave their husbands, and sup
port themselves, if necessary, as
do the men, by selling their labor
power to the capitalists.
But immediately on the appearance of children the position
is changed. The working-class
mother who wishes to tend her
own children has no alternative
but to remain dependent on her
We have now arrived at the con
dltion against which Miss Burr re-
bels. .She sees only one remedy—
the professional mother, who will
care-for the- children of working
women in order to leave them free
to enter the labor market; and
naturally drafts' inVpn'sstoned protest from women who want to'
"mother" their children themselves. She sees only one remedy
becnuso she assumes the indefinite
continuance of the capitalist system, within which, we have seen,
a woman cannot be a wife and
mother and remain free.
Not Immutable
But this system Is not immutable. Like those out of which it
grew, it will break down so soon
as the possibility of a more highly
developed form of production has
developed within it. The new form
will be the collective organization
of production—realized by transforming the privately - owned
means of life into common property, which process will abolish the
subjection of women to men, as it
will abolish the subjection of employed to employer.
With the disappearance of the
conditions which made the mona-
gamous unit—private property and
inheritance—it will cease to function as such, and the unit will
again be what it was under primitive communism-—the individual
human being. The freedom and
equality of that early society will
bo restored, but In the stead of
the tribe will stand the world-wldo
community; the simple social
tasks which satisfied the few needs
of early mankind wilt have been
replaced by a complex system of
industry, competent to provide the
manifold necessities and luxuries
of modern life. No man holding
the power to starve another, no
man can then bind his fellows to
be his industrial slaves, nor a
\voman to be his domestic slave.
In the Socialist Commonwealth,
where the products of all labor will
Jie the common wealth, the work
of a wife and mother will be as
highly valued as the work' of a
ploughman or a goldsmith. Tho
making of a strong and beautiful
citizen will be as important as the
making of a strong and beautiful
ship. Her service will be a social
service,  rewarded  by society.
Thus will the New Relationship
which Miss Burr so desires be
realized. Only voluntarily will a
woman surrender herself; with no
thought but of happiness ln the
union will a man tuke her. If the
union prove unhappy either will be
free to dissolve it, for neither is
dependent upon, nor responsible
for, the other in the material
sense. If we are honest we shall
frankly grant hero, that not all
men and women are temporamen-
.tally disposed to lifelong constancy. Sunijo love sinceroly and
ardently fqr a period only, and
when thut,.period has passed, separation is natural and reasonable.
Such pain as a separation causes to
the partner who may * be more
constant, though keen, is not
worse than would bo felt by the
other in remaining.
On the other hand, the sordid
oases which now embitter the domestic life of the proletarians will
be absent, leaving much less room
for disillusionment and mutual 'im-
patience. True constancy (as distinct from its present-day apology
where a union endures under
force of necessity) will probably
be usual.
Like other social Institutions—
the law, no longer used to protect
exploiters; education, no more directed to the purpose of producing
docile and ccapable wage slaves?
art, dependent never again upon
the scant appreciation of poor
men with minds blunted by ignorance and toll, and rich men with
heads full of rubber, oil, or soap—
marriage will Veflect the free and
comradely relations of economlo
Love, which io degrading conditions is a weakly thing, will then
grow radiant alnd strong, and marriago no longer fall Uke a curtain
on romance.—Socialist Standard.
Women watch
for them
Every bargain announced in our great
January Sale haa been snapped up immediately. 1
Suits and Coats—new models in all materials, styles ana colors-^are being
cleared at one-half the original prices.
An unusual bargain is waiting for you
every morning.
Sear Granville
No Prospects of Real Revolution   Until  Germany Takes Lead v
(By Helen Augur, Federated Press
(Staff Correspondent)
New York.—"Germany holds the
key to revolution in Austria and
Italy, Neither country can hope to
bring a Communist government into powor until. Ijommunism is effected In Germa-.y."
It Is with this principle in mind
that the present situation ln Austria must be observed, according
to Savel Zlmand of the New York
Bureau of Industrial Research,
who recently has roturned from
several months in Europe. Humors
in the current dispatches that January 20 will see a bona-ftde revolution in Austria precipitated by
the technical trades should be Bet
down as equally unsound with the
accompanying rumors that the allies will attempt to dismember Austria and divide her among themselves, said Zlmand.
The most significant development
in recent weeks Is the intensifying
of the demand for fusion with
Germany, In tho opinion of Zlmand,
this union Is necessary both for the
industrial revival of Austria,, and
for the fulfillment of her revolutionary desires.
"Austria today ls a bankrupt
country without a receiver," said
Zlmand. "Mortgaged, starved and
disintegrated, there is no Internal
group which could save the country. You can make a revolution ln
a half-starved country, but not tn
one that is completely starved. Austria today lives not partly, but
wholly upon the charity of the
Americans and the entente. If a
proletarian revolution were attempted, that slender chartty
would be withdrawn and the country choked ln the Iron ring of allied rule.
The industrial prostration of
Austria, due primarily to tho lack
of coal, Is reflected in the political
Held, said Zlmand.
"Politically, Austria Is a swinging pendulum," he said. "The
Christian SocIullstB Increased their
voting power in the national assembly in the lost election from 90
to 97, and the Socialist vote decreased from 97 to 90. The country remained as before. Small parties make up the other third of the
assembly. The Communists so far
are weak numerically. The Socialists are unusually well-unifled but
are hopelessly bound by the country's industrial position.
"And yet there is genuine revolutionary spirit in the workers.
When the International Federation
of Trade Unions this summer ordered a blockade of all war supplies bound for Poland, Austrian
labor bore the brunt and gave to
the world a spectacle of magnificent devotion. Night after nlgfct
the workers paced the railroad
platforms to see that nothing got
through to harm Russia. The
blockade worked both ways. Food
coming through Bohemia and Hungary was stopped by starving
workers, in the fear that munitions
might slip through."
Austrian labor had gone fairly
far ln the socialization of industry
before the present crisis, Zlmand
said. Considerable progress had
been made in socializing medicine,
clothing manufacture, motor bus
UneB and motion pictures.
Scouting the idea that Austria
can be divided, zfihand said:
"Whatever happens, we may be
sure that Austria will keep her
identity and follow Germany's lead
in respect to Russia. Italy would
begin a revolution today of Germany's iron and coal were available to her. Austria merged with
Germany, has hope of a revolution.
The men who hold the fates of
these three countries in their hands
today are the German trade-unionists, who have far more power than
the political parties, as 14,000,000
of them demonstrated in the putting down of the Kapp counterrevolution. With Carl Leglen dead,
and a more radical leader almost
certain to replace him, the prospect of a powerful movement toward revolution in Central Europe
Is clear."    1
Stockholm—A report from Moscow says that M, Yemkhanolf has
been chosen commissar of Trade
and Transportation In the Soviet
government In place of Leonid
Krassln, whose prolonged absence
in London has made lt Impossible
for him to attend to his duties in
Russia. Yemkhanof ls a veteran
Socialist, active ln the movement
since 1908, and a railroad inspector under the old Russian government who began as a day laborer*
in the railroad shops at Perm.
Large Landowners Covet the land
Held by Lifelong German
(By W. Francis Ahern, Federated
Press Staff Correspondent)
Sydney, N. S. W.~By an ordinance recently promulgated by Jthe
Australian Commonwealth govertt-
ment, all property belonging to
German nationals In New Guinea,
Is to be compulsorlly sequestered.
A body known as the "Expropriation Board" Is given power to valu-
ate and sell the property of these
people and compel them to clear
out of the country. A sinister aspect is seen In the faot that the
personnel of the board are persons
who covet the farms and ranches
of the New Guinea Germans, being either large landowners themselves or Interested In companies
desiring to grab the ex-German
Philadelphia—The 625 textile
manufacturing concerns ln Philadelphia made net profits of $500,-
000,000 in the five-year period ending Jan. 1, 1920, while the average
wagQs paid to the workers in the
mills was but $411 a yeai* In 1915
and $943 a year In 1919, according
to an investigation made by tha
Labor Bureau, Inc., of New York*
for the Philadelphia District Council of the United Textile Workers.
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bnnk—Corner of Haatings
and Kiclmrds
Phones:    Seymour 60S;
Highland 2134L
We have been wrongfully accused of practicing medicine.
We do not, More reasons
why we do not given by medical doctors of International
"Physicians have hurried
thousands to their grave*,"
Alonzo Clark, M.D. (N. Y.
College Phys. & Surg.)
"An army of victims are
rushed to their graves by Incompetent, pretending doe-
tors," Dr. Wagner, M.D.,
Penn. (Modical Society).
"We have multiplied disease and Increased fatalities,"
Benjamin Rush, M.D.
"Cures are beyond doctors," J. H. Tilden, M.D.
As for diagnosing, how
does thts strike you. Our doctor said one of our employeos
had a case of grippe; another
doctor siild "Typhoid Fever,"
and that lt was a hopeless
case. It was hopeless—the
employee died.—New Yortc
Evening Journal.
"Consumption ts caused by
Peruvian bark," Dr. Stab!,.
M.D. "Peruvian, bark Is an
effectual cure for consumption," Dr. Martin, M.D.
"Vinegar Is a flne preventive for consumption/' Dr.
Galen, M.D, "Consumption ls
caused by young people taking vinegar to prevent obesity," Dr. Dessault, M.D.
"Foxglove Is a specific for
consumption," Dr. Beddloes,
M.D. "Foxglove is more injurious in consumption than
beneficial/* Dr. Pan, M.D.
(To be continued.)
Plwne or write for appointment
Teacher of Practical
Drugless Healing ,.i THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancopveh. __
Uuui January 28, 1921  THIRTEENTH TEAR.    Bt..  .     j.ajj*   a*mtm*»   uvmvm^—   ~ ,             .	
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Workers' Department of the One Big Union
What Is This Shop Steward's Movement?
the mandate of the council of stewards which, as already stat
ed, is composed of all the stewards from all the shops and jobs
of that industry in the district, and every decision to come
from the rank and file direct from the jobs. The movement
will travel further ahead and link up all industries in the district, thus forming the central district .council of all the industries. (See figure 3.)
This council would be composed of two members of, the
committee of each district council of the said district. It will
become necessary to step out still further and form a national
council .of each industry.
This council should be composed of two members elected by
the committee of each district council of the said industries.
(See figure 4.)
The movement is full of possibilities and the next step would
probably be the establishment of a national couneil of ill industries.  (See figure 5.)    ,
This could be further extended to be an international council of the workers of the world. It will bo seen by these indications, that the rank and file are always consulted; they are
the real and ultimate masters of the scheme and must be the
deciding factor. The control of the movement being vested in
the rank and file, quick action is expedited and cuts out tlie
foremen to eridure'many injustices and simpiv|bureaucratic domination too frequently prevalent in many o«-
what.  The workers are sick of waiting and, «rt7\<& Spmf d ^ autonomy "**&»* throughout:
.. ,___ ._ ii. ____ _,.„  f„„?„..a„ | the whole of the rank and file movement.
The election of officers for the various councils of the many
industries is of such a character that no person will receive a
payment for his services exceeding the standard rate of the
trade or grade of the persons elected to carry out the mandate
of the rank and file. This, be it observed, is very important.
Let us wipe out the middle class idea of raising men and women above the rest of their fellow workers. Let us all rise together; this is imperative. Otherwise-there will be created a
caste of meal-ticket-artists, who eventually lose the workers'
Disnucr COUNCIL OP an* onb nanism.
AH t- Suwm* Int. At th. H« W.A. *l M. 4
Tom Walsh,  Secretary,  National Federation of Shop
Stewards (Building Industry) England]
WHAT is this Shop Stewards' Movement? This question is
often asked by those -who realize the terrible mess in
Which thc workers find themselves today.
The Shop-Stewards' Movement is thc organization of the
rank and file in thc factories, shops, works, and on the jobs,
for these are the places where the workers receive their miserable pittance which enables them to exist, with just a sufficiency of strength to continue in the production of profits for
the capitalist class.
It is quite obvious that the power of the workers is in the
•hops and on the jobs, and not in Parliament, or even in their
union branch. Few workers are found in either place
" Take for instance, any shop, works, or job. The workers
there may be members of any number of unions, and are again
'divided into a number of branches; about 30 per cent, of the
members of a branch will attend and only a small proportion
from any one job. These workers have grievances lying at
the place where they are employed; the old method of attempting to have their grievances removed has been to report
the matter to their respective societies. But owing to the antiquated and cumbersome machinery of many societies, it has
been the custom "  ' * ' '   " * -—,--
W«it. Wait for       «_p_________________________________
we taking action themselves in the shops, works, factories,
•nd on the jobs. A number of workers may report a grievance to their respective branches and will received sympathy
from some quarters, as many of the members of all branches
of all sooieties have fought hard for labor and are much devoted to the best interests of the workers.
Still, one of the stumbling blocks to action, is that everybody is bound and virtually buried in constitutionalism of a
pre-historio oharaoter. The rule book may be referred to, and
turning to rale 44, page 4,444, it may be found that the said
Sievanee does not come 'within the meaning of the act, and
e unfortunate workers are driven back to the job where
the grievance exists. The workers are beginning to realize
Where their power lies.
It is not difficult to understand the hopeless state of the
workers while they use the out-of-date machinery in an attempt to free themselves. The workers, in spite of being members of a union, are divided, sub-divided and scattered to the
lour winds immediately they attempt any independent aetion
•way from the factory, works, shop, or job. Thc men and
women on the various jobs will find on investigation that their
Interests are oommon in spite of being divided by crafts. They
associate with each other daily, but they seldom, or never at
•11 meet at their branches, it being impossible for them to do
io as there are so many unions, so many branches, ond thc
workers may reside miles apart and yet all from the same
•hop or job and while at thc factory, works, shop or job, they
not only belong to one branch, but for all practical purposes,
they are members of the one big union of the, workers on the
The unfortunate part is that the working class have been
in the habit of sending out their thinking, just as some people
do their washing. This is foolish, for it leads to the position
that those to whom the thinking is given become masters and
dictators and often meet in conference and fix up agreements
and laws that few agree with, except thc master class.
It should be the mission of the workers themselves to do
their own thinking and cease passing pious resolutions but to
take action, for that is the thing that counts. The workers
cannot appeal to-reason, as there is none.
The workers themselves it iB who will have to act, for they
•re the poople who feel the unjust conditions arising on the
Jobs, and that is where the trouble is, and where the workers
will have to take organized action.
The mission of the Shop-Steward' Movement is to consolidate the forces of the rank and file where they are, in the factories, workshops, and on the jobs. .
It must be admitted, that while some of the capitalist class
b»vc improved their machinery of exploitation, thc workers'
organizations have retained the old methods and continue their
use long after they have become all but obsolete. The rank and
flle are slowly but surely becoming conscious of this fact and
quite' a new spirit is spreading over the whole world. Tliis
spirit is not for a paltry increase of wages, but for the absolute abolition of the present system of robbery, the sweeping
•way of capitalism, and the establishment of a people's commonwealth I
It now becomes evident that the Shop-Stewards' Movement
il out for something greater than the continuation of the present hum-drum life. The movement, in thc first place, aims at
the control of thc factories, works, shops, and jobs, as a means
to an end.
The movement seems to suggest thc following structure
that every factory, works, shop and job shall elect a committee
on the job, consisting, say, of one steward from each trade,
grade, or department of the job, and a steward having been
elected by each of the above grades, these stewards become the
workers' committee for that job.
They will elect their own chairman and secretary and such
other officers as the job may apparently demand.
(See Figure 1)
WOUtaS' COMMUTE?- j^o ■ _.!*»<< II" CommlUre ot cut OUtUt Condi
tma***iSt*.nihOnlt,t*nm,ertk^ttmiBt> «(caclilndu.br-                        "~
Morriion. Nominations (or chairman being called for, Fellow Worker Campbell was elected by acclamation.
Moved that the minute, of district convention be accepted aa
re$d. . Carried.
" The secretary submitted report
covering period Dec. 1 to date,
which was as follows: Since submitting my report to the district
convention, on the 12th ult., considerable progress has been made
along the lines of reorganizing the
district. Fellow Worker Hansen
(who's report I have) visited most
alt the camps from here to Smlthers, with the result that delegates
have been elected ln all camps,
and the workers . stimulated to
more energetic action. Since that
time, however, some of tha most
active delegates have left those
camps, which all points to the difficulty of establishing an. affective
organisation In. an Industry auch
aa lie flnd in this district. The success, that Fellow Warkei* Hansen
tnet on this trip prompted me to
have him take in the Clarke mill
campa, P- G. E., to which point he
left for on Friday laat. There are
about 100 men In those camps,
and my reports from there are auch
that I believe an organiser could
do good work among them. The
reports from the east end df the
district ara not good, either (rom
a union standpoint, or (rom the
"lob" point. Several small camps
ara operating with a (ew men, but
none that are class-conscious
enough to let this ofllce know that
they exist It will be Imperative to
send a "Moses" to lead them, providing we can get the organisation
committed to a policy that will enable us to do that.
On Dec. SI, we had 557 members
point of view, and see most things through the masters' spectacles.
Should the movement desire the removal of any person from
Office, it should accomplish this object quiekly, and not by the
long, drawn-out process usually surrounded by some forms of
officialism and red tape, but would proceed by the simple process of a notice of motion, and a majority vote at the following council meeting. In this manner, it would be doing away
with the old reactionary manner of waiting from one to seven
years, before any such step could be taken.
The matter contained in this article is not designed with
the intention of being arbitrary, It is, essentially, an answer
to the question, and at the same time it is pointing ont the
direction in which the movement is travelling. The assistance
of a blacksmith has not been called in to make an iron hand,
nor to take the measurement for a mailed fist.
The one object of thc movement is the emancipation of the
wage-slave, and the construction of the necessary machinery
to help accomplish the task in view.
Thc time has arrived for the rank and file to determine their
own destiny, and to get together as a class-movement, thus
sweeping away all things whieh are obstructions in the path
of progress, and thus with a stupendous effort bring into being
thc possibilities of a new society, in which bakers will not be
called upon to make bread for profit, but for the people to eat;
and tailors will not be required to make clothing for dummy
figures in a show window, but for human beings; and builders
will not be expected to put np mansions for others and alums
for themselves; where child, mother, the lame, the aged and
infirm will receive the necssary care and attention and allowed
ease and comfort, and those who are able and refuse a helping
hand to produce all that is necessary for the welfare of sll will
be denied thc right to eat I Having accomplished this task, let
us try and forget the horrible past, pay strict attention to the
present, and also give the future our careful consideration. '
Let us have a new calendar, commence a new epoch, starting
once again with the year one, and May the first our New
Year's day!
ijMfcM   !    1:1.1!      i
"" 1 iiiitliHiii
This committee will not be executive, but will be established
_Jo administer and act on the mandate as agreed necessary by
the workers on the job; they will take "mass" action and
never act seotionally. It requires no outside interference with
its own affairs. It may possibly require assistance from other
Jobs of the same industry, and probably from other industries
Organized on similar lines.
It will be up to the various shops and jobs to frame its own
Standing orders. The committee referred to will be one of
many of the same industry in the same district, and to solidify,
further, that industry of that district, all thc stewards from all
the other jobs will constitute the district council of that industry.  (See Figure 2.)
This council will elect a chairman and secretary, and, also,
a committee, say, consisting of one from each grade of that
industry. This committee will be administrative and carry out
Lapan Log Co.   .Jackson Bay
Metalliferous Mines.  Silverton and Sandon	
(Slocan District) | several weeks to get the camp op-
Camp Reports
Howard Jordan Outfit
It Is roported that Jordan's
outfit, who some time ago had
trouble with their crew, la trying
to operate again under the name
of the Wasa Lumber Company,
Thla may have the effect of misleading some into the belief that
lt is a new outfit, but a very short
experience on thc job soon wises
them up to the real facts. When
the old crew quit a sawyer stayed
on the Job and worked nearly four
months without being ablo to Ket a
settlement. When he did get his
time slip there.was $31 deducted
for some missing tongs which the
man is supposed to have swallowed
or otherwise made away with. But
as lt is doubtful if he would know
what tongs are, let alone have any
use for them, It hardly appears
logical that he Is responsible for
their loss. At any rate he has put
the lawyers on the Job for hts full
Men are warned to apply to the
district office for information concerning the standing of an employer and thc condition of his
camp before going to a new job.
This particular camp has been
reported to the health authorities,
When the new men who had Juat
arrived from Edmonton asked
Walking Boss Gorman where they
were to sleep, aa there was no
space available except on the floor,
he replied "there will be plenty of
empty bunks in the morning," And
there were, but more than he expected—or wanted. Pour or five
known O. B. U. men were doomed
to feel the axe, but lt happened
that other workera knew what
these men and their organization
wero trying to accomplish for the
workers In tho camps and mills, so
when the axe fell, other workers
decided to stand by those discriminated against and practise a little
solidarity. If raising hell Is the
qualification necessary to make
good boss, Gorman can certainly
deliver the goods, but unfortunately—or otherwise—It usually takes
•rating along what an ordinary Individual would call efficient and
productive lines after he haa been
on the rampage. No doubt, however, there Is enough graft available ln the conduct of the work to
permit plenty of inefficiency among
the bosses without too seriously
affecting profits. In fact past experience of construction work ln
this province Is that the greater
the inefficiency the greater the
proflt. We have not yet heard of
uny revolution having been effected
In this respeot. The bust up was
sure good for organization and a
few more such experiences will
make the workers solid for the organization,
During the strike last November ther« were a few skunks who
scabbed, and this locality ls not a
good place for aulmuls of this type
to be around.
George Fitch was one of them,
He worked around Stillwater in the
summer of 1919. He hns again
headed for the Coast. R. Wyatt
and red-headed Slim McNeil headed for Ermine, Alberta. Albrecht
brothers made for Spruce Grove,
Alberta, and Mr, and Mrs, Casey
near Athabusca Landing, If any of
these come your way, remember
your record.
Result   of   district    referendum
was as follows.
For District Secretary-treasurer
W. 8. Kilmer (elected)  123
J. F. Johnson     67
For Central Executive Board
J. L. Peterson (elected)  128
F. Knowles     62
For District Executive
N. D. McKinnon  (elected)  161
John L. MoDonald (elected).... 160
Wm. Foster (elected)  137
James Daley (elected)  122
D. B. McDonald  112
On the question of combining
Kamloops-Merrltt and Penticton
into one district:  Tes, 178; no, 10.
On the question of setting May
1, 1921, as the date to throw away
blankets, and any worker* packing
blankets after that date shall be
recognized as a scab: Yes, 181;
in good standing tn the district,
but of a total membership on flle
ot 2261. From Dec. 12 to date we
have taken ln 67 members. Else-
■where ln this Issue you will flnd
{flnanclal statement for December.
By resolution adopted at district
convention, you are authorized to
appoint auditing committee to
check'the books, which committee
pan Inquire into all receipts and
expenditures, and report their findings to this meeting. I would also
recommend that you appoint a
committee of three tellers, to examine and count the ballots cast
on the/ referendum for the election of delegates to the general
Moved that secretary's report be
accepted, and again brought up
under1 new business.   Carried.
Organiser Hansen's report was
then read. Moved: That report be
accepted.   Carried.
Report by Del. Mutch of meeting held at Smlthers, was read by
the secretary. Moved: that report
be laid on the table.   Carried,
The report of Edmonton district
convention was read. Moved; That
report be accepted and flled,
A letter from the secretary of
the Canadian Workers Defense
League was feud by the secretary,
After considerable discussion on
this matter, the concensus of opinion seemed to be that, while the
workers were willing to rally to the
assistance of their prosecuted fellow workers, with flnanclal aid, as
they demonstrated ln the recent
past, that the building up of a
trust fund, to be doled out to capitalistic lawyer's, was unnecessary,
and poor administration of the
workers' resources. The more effective policy was held to be, that
of directing all available resources
towards extending a solid working
class organisation, through which
more pressure could be brought to
bear on the powers taht are ar-
.rayed aganlst workers. Moved:
That we take no action on this
matter.     Carried.
A letter from Editor Lawson, of
the Searchlight, was read by the
secrotary, in which he stated that
he was endeavoring to start a Labor news stand at Edmonton, In
connection with the Searchlight,
through which the members of
the O. B. II. could obtain working
class literature from a world-wide
source, but flnanclal difficulties
made It hard to get a start, he
therefore wished to know lf tho
workers of the P. G. E. district
would come to his assistance, In
thc way of financing an advance
i.ider Moved: That the secretary
circularize all camps In the district, soliciting advance orders of
literature from Editor Lawson,
The next order of business being
the nominating of auditing committee, Fellow Workers McNett,
Campbell and Rowe were nominated. * Moved: That nominations
cease. Carried. Nominations for
tellers, Fellow Workors Williams,
Pearson and Westenholm. Moved:
That nominations cease. Carried.
Discussion on the reference ln
the district secretary's report, to
i.nmp conditions, was again brought
up: under unfinished business, and
the conclusion arrived at, that insofar as this district was concerned,
It wits imperative that If possible
a travelling delegate bc kept on
the road permanently, ns It seemed
that no action could be expected
from the majority of the rank and
Under tho heading of new business, the following resolution was
unanimously adopted, and the secretary instructed to ask the camps
for their endorsatlon on it: Whereas, it has been brought to the notice of thts office that some of the
camps ate endeavoring lo lengthen the hours of labor, and In view
of the economlo chaos, that exists
ln the induatrlal life of this Province, and the world at large, with
tha consequent result that many
of our fellow workers are not able
to, secure a master to whom they
can aell enough energy to sustain
their* bodies; therefore be it resolved, that this meeting go emphatically on record that all camps
ln the district be restricted to the
8-hour day.    Carried,
No, 2: Under the'heading of
good and welfare,. It waa moved:
That this meeting go on record
that each camp elect an educational
committee, whose function will be
to Inquire into the class of literature needed in their camps, and
also to promote discussion on the
social, and economic problems
with which the workers are confronted.   Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 6 p.m. to
reconvene, when committees were
ready to report. Meeting reconvened at 9 p.m., when the committees brought In the following reports: We, the undersigned auditors, who were appointed at a re*
gular business meeting of the P. G,
dlstriot of the L. C. A A. W. department of the O. B. U„ beg to
aubmit tha following, report: We
have examined tbe receipts and
expenditures for period July 12 to
December 31, 1920, and flnd the
same correct ln detail, each re-
celpt being accounted for, and
each Item of expenditure authorised. Bank balance on Dec, 31, Is
(Signed) '.-_t'-:| m
Tellers' Report: We, the tellers
who were appointed at a regular
business meeting of the P. G. district of the L. C. ft A. W. department of tbe O. B. U., to examine
and count the ballots eaat for the
election of delegates to the general
convention, beg to report thrt the
following Is a true summary of the
total votes cast for each candidate:
Hansen, 182; Morrison, 192; Llss,
B 4. In accordance with the foregoing statement, we declare Fellow Workers Morrison and Hansen
duly elected to represent the Prince
George district at the general convention of the L. C. ft A. W. department of the O. B. U., to be
held at Vancouver on January 17,
Moved: That committee reports
be accepted,  and committees  discharged.   Carried.   It being found
necessary to appoint a' secretary,
pro tem, Fallow Workera Williams
and Rowe were placed ln nomination.    The vote resulted ln a tie,
whereupon   the   chair  decided   In
favor of Fellow Worker Williams.
Meeting adjourned at 11 p.m.
District Secretary.
The general convention closed on
Friday after being ln session for
five days.
The last two days ware devoted
mainly to defining future policy
upon which lines the organisation
will operate during tha coming
year, and also ln passing proposed
amendments to the constitution
which, with all other actions of the
convention will be submitted to
referendum vote.
Several important proposals
were made which will call for seri-
oui consideration on the part of
tho membership.
In addition to the proposal to
withdraw from the O. B. U. and
form an Independent Industrial organization throughout the entire
' lt Is also proposed  that
(By H. N. Brailsford)
OPTIMISM la the rarest form
-of folly ln these post-war
days. If there are people who
cling with pathetic hope to the
League of Nations as the victors
made It, it Is not because they Are
dazzled by its composition or Its
achievements. Their obstinate
hope ls really only an expression
of the profound sense that some
international organization of the
world is necessary. Tho case for
that is stronger than lt was before
the war. It Is not upon triumph,
but on failure, that this aspiration
for a working league Is based.
The "two camps" which divided
us in 1914, are still ranged againBt
each other, but one of them ls now
a slum inhabited by unclassed and
proletarian nations. The causes
of strife are deeper. Then tt was
the passion for gain under the Imperialist rivalry which drew great
powers into armed conflict. Today
It Is the sheer hunger for bread,
the literal struggle for existence,
which make of Central Europe
and of Russia the predestined adversaries of the victors.
Planning tbe Next War
We know now that civilization
Itself has been Imperilled over two-
thirds of a contlnnent by a cruel
war and a worse peace. As the
Victors overhaul their armaments,
apply themselves to the study of
chemical warfare, and debate the
possibility of the amphibious warship, we can guess how much of
the mercies, the amenities, nay,
even the necessities of life, will
survive the next shock. It Is
small wonder that millions of men
and women try to believe In the
League. The desire to survive ls
natural. Nor is the alternative
visible. Will yon trust an alliance?
The entente with France ceased
Long ago to be cordial, and. a patriot, wounded by the daily barbs of
the French Press, might turn for
consolation to the comparative
courtesy of our late enemies.
The Second International Is a
dying clique. The Third lacks nothing In vitality, but It stands for
an armed doctrine, and Its
triumph would be possible only
after a shock which would tear at
the foundations, not merely of the
capitalist system, but of civilisation Itself. One would like to believe that the League may assert
Signs of Life.
In one sense the Assembly at
Geneva has done something for
optimism. It ts only by courtesy
that one can call It a representative
body, for the delegates were nominated by Governments and not by
Parliaments. Unless one reckons
Mr. Barnes, the Belgian Senator
Lafontaine and Mr. Branting are
the only representatives of Socialist parties, and both belong to the
Extreme Right. Germany, Russia
and the-United States are absent.
Tet thiB semi-representative Assembly has evolved a certain corporate
consciousness. Tendencies, one
might even say groups, have been
developed, which represent ideas
and policies, Independent of the calculation and wire-pulling of Foreign Offices. So far as one can
gather from the dull and meagre
reportB, this Assembly did not tn
the least resemble a diplomatic conference, where everything goes by
chaffering, and all the results are
attained behind the scenes. It has
sentiments, and even a sort of conscience to which speakers can appeal. It has developed a rather
decided opposition to the Council,
an opposition which one may per-
Industry,  _    . ,_.. „_..    . .
.11 nominees for offlce must be ol- aonlfy by the clash of personality
of iron ore, the subject is delicate.
The scandal of the Council's Inaction in the Russo-Poiish war provoked a debate, but the motion-
was 'talked out."
Nor does it seem likely that tha
other scandal, In which France and
Belgium are the offenders, will be
more firmly handled. They have
broken the Covenant by concluding
a secret military treaty and refusing to transmit lt to the League for
registration and publication. Then
apparently, the matter will end. It
remains to' be seen whether anything will be done to assert tha
control of the League over the
'mandates" which the victors have
assigned to themselves without
even the pretence of consulting it,
or over the question of disarmament, but the probability of any
action is small.
The League Is going to conduct
a plebiscite for Vllna. The Issue li
simple. Does the population of
this city and its "corridor," with
its mixed Jewish, White Russian,
Lithuanian and Polish elements,
desire to belong to Lithuania or to
Poland? It can settle the mattei
by voting, and the mixed force oi
Swedes, Spaniards, Danes and the
rest which Is to guarantee crdei
can have no prepossessions. But
will the League expel the raiding
force of Poles under General Zell-
gowskl, which broke an armistice
to rush this territory? The mixed
force Is much too small, tf the Polet
resist, and one fears that the League does not even contemplate
their expulsion. In that case the
plebiscite will be merely organised
terrorism under international sanction.
If America Comes In,
Apologists for this first negative
sitting of the League's Assembly
tell us that it Is marking time until
America comes In. Unfortunately,
the Fresldent-Elect has been chosen
on a platform of abstention from
the League, Senator Harding is
ready to enter, not this League, but
some new 'Association," whloh hli
experts will devise. The plan of
Senator Knox, who is said to be the
most probable Secretary of State, li
already known. It ls a return to
the machinery of The Hague.
All that had a potentiality of
authority ln this League will be discarded. The Association will have
neither an Assembly to legislate,
nor a Council to act for it It will
have one organ only, a legal Tribunal. The uses of a good international Court are not to be despised, but they meet none of the
world's needs for an international
government. A Court oan deal only,
with those usually minor issues
which are Justiciable, Issues which
ln the modern world are never the
true cause of wars. It cannot legislate; lt cannot force the revision
of Treaties; it could deal with none
of the broad economic problems ol
The Treaties of Despair.
If this is the accepted American
policy (and it has long been the
cherished doctrine of the more Conservative Republicans), then the
League has nothing to hope from
American participation. If she
comeB In, it will banish from lt lta
function with its name. There was
just one reason for hoping that the
League might survive. It might
one day have found courage to.re-
vlse the Treaties which doom half
Europe to despair. That no Hague
Tribunal could ever do. Without
America the League dare do
nothing. With her it could do
nothing.—Daily Herald. 3
rect from the job ln camp or mill.
No official Is to hold offlce for
longer than one year. The secretary-treasurer not to be a member
of the executive. The nominees for
secretary-treasurer who will be
submitted to referendum vote are
J. M. Clarke, H. P. Hanson, W.
It Is proposed to confine organization work during the coming year to those districts already
organised so as to get them Into as
strong a condition as possible. It
was recommended that where possible they should combine. Kamloops and Merritt have already de
elded to do this; also The Pas and
Subjoct to the approval of the
membership the per capita from
districts to headquarters will in
future bs 2B cents. Thia will entitle them to an official paper of
their own choosing.
In future no official who accepts
nomination to any assembly or parliament of the existing regime ran
continue to hold office In the organization.
The proposed amendments arc
now in the hands of the printer
and will bo'issued to the membership in the course of a few days,
shout log delegates hold
impromptu, convention
Immediately following the close
of the general convention, the delegates from the short log districts
got together and held an Impromp
tu convention to discuss matters
of special Interest to the workers
ln that particular branch of thc
They recommend that every j
branch issue a weekly bulletin to
their members In camp, and that
copies bo exchanged between all
branches so as to keep fuully acquainted with what Is transpiring
In the various localities.
That all branches carry on extensive propaganda to establish an
eight-hour day. This to be particularly emphasized In the weekly
bulletins and also In the official organs, with a view to concerted action, If necessary,
That all branches take united action to foree employers to abolish
double tier bunks by June 1, 1921.
That all branches carry on an
active cdcatlonnl campaign against
picec-work, and all class-conscious
workers be urged to discontinue
working by this method.
between Lord Robert Cecil and Mr.
Sltirked Issues.
Unfortunately, It Is hard to believe that these signs of vitality
and good will can lead to any result whatever. The bigger questions before the Assembly have
been shirked or shelved, Amendments of the Covenant and Constitution are postponed for a year,
though none of the neutrals had
any share ln framing this defective
document. The admission of Germany is likewise postponed for a
year, Nor has the Assembly dared
even to deliberate on the economic needs of Central  Europe,
Slgnor Tittonl raised the economic problem In Its most fundamental form when he revived the Labor
Party's proposal for the international rationing of raw materials.
He secured no support, and obviously, while we thrive by exploiting the Continent's need of coal,
and France enjoys her superfluity
But Even the Clerical Government
of Austria Refuses tlio
Munich—The reactionary Bavarian government seems rather miffed over the refuse!^, of the Clerical
government of Austria to extradite
Dr. Max Levlen, the Communist
leader, who Bought refuge in Austria following the overthrow of the
Soviet government of Bavaria In
the spring of 1919. Despite the release of Dr. Levlen ln Vienna, the
Bavarian authorities continue to
keep a price upon his head, although it is genernlly conceded
that the 80,000 marks offered for
his capture will hardly induce anyone to attempt to spirit him over
the border. (At present exchange
rates a mark Is worth only about
1 1-2 cents.)
Tho Work men's Compensatoin
Board will commence new classes
of Instruction In first aid work at
thcir offices on Pender street, on
Tuesday, Feb. 1, at 7:45 p.m.
There are some who hnvo taken
previous courses, who have expressed a wish to again attend the
classes. In the past this hns not
been possible, owing to limited accommodation, and the size of the
classes. This has been remedied,
nnd those desiring to attend should
be present on Tuesday.
Minutes of business meeting held
at district headquarters, Jan. 9th,
Meeting called to order by See.
FliM Aid.
First Aid Instruction Classes will
commence January 4.    The Compensation Board wll) arrange class-
es previous to that date If twenty
lor more will attend.
Information wanted concerning
Joe Wigmnn, previously working
around SwanBon's Bay. Notify
Put a one-cent stamp  on  this
paper and mall It to a friend.
Owing to the large percentage
of camps and mills of the lumber
industry being temporarily closed
a result of thc general slump
In Industrial activities there Ib not
the usual amount of Job news and
camp reports coming to hand to
require the full uso of this page
for their publication. Consequently for the time being the available space will be used for articles
of general interest to tho working
class movement as ft whole, Instead of being used exclusively
for lumber workers' affairs as has
been the case for the pnst year.
Members of Princo George district
take notice that the regular business meeting of this district win
take place at district headquarters,
Third avenue, Prince George, on
thc second Sunday of each month,
until further notice.
O gods of the system, exploiters of
Oppressors   of   nations   by   sword
nnd the pen.
We cease from our labors, we pause
at our task,
As   seekers   of   knowledge,   theso
questions wc ask:
Why arc our laws, the ones obeyed,
framed for the masters' sake
Why greed Is given power to grab,
and unearned tribute take?
Why wealth and privilege hand in
hand  should  all life's blessings share?
While he wbo lives by honest work
must find the cupboard bare?
Why in a laud where plenty bides,
should famine raise its head
Why  prison   bars  await  the  man
who dares his mind to speak?
Why wnrs are fought in freedom's
name, when freedom scarce Is
Have millions died to coin n phrase
that cannot stand alone?
When patriotism freed a slave, and
kindly tell us how,
A laurel wreath Is made to fit some
noble butcher's brow?
Who has sown the seeds of hate,
who spurns the rights that
And who shnll hear the voice Ignored mock ln their hour of
•—R, L, Rlngland.
Information of the whereabouts
of M.  G.  McCoffen.
Rochester, N. Y.—Means to combat the "open shop" campaign and
the movement to unite the vnrious
Independent labor organizations into one big union are being dlscUBB-
ed by the Executive Board of the
United Shoo AVorkors which ts
holding a week's session hero. thirteenth YEAB. no. » THE BRITISH COLOMBIA FEDERATIONIST .yANcopvEB, a a
FRIDAT....."... ........January It, laat
' fcublieh. 4 erery Fridkj morning hy The B. 0,
I, Federationitt, Limited
a. a wblia.
.Ofllcei   Room 1, Victoria Block, 342 Pender
;, Street Weat
Telephone Beymour 6871
Bubseribtion Bates:   United States and Foreign,
,   13.00 per year; Canada, J2.B0 per year, M.60
;   for aix months; to Unions subscribing In a
body, 1. e per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  Tbe Bope of tbe World
..January 28, 1921
JUDGING from the statements that
have appeared in tho press during
the week, there is something radically
wrong in the state of the city schools^
Overcrowding and bad ventilation are
evidently two of the
PROPERTY worst features of the
AND THB situation. It  has been
OHILD reported that  children
become sick, and stomach troubles triije from the children being compelled to sit for long hours in
badly ventilated schools. So'far as Vancouver is concerned there is nothing new
in this state of affairs, but the only people who can remedy these conditions are
those who have the righfr to vote on
money by-laws, and these individuals
have repeatedly refused to allow the
money to be expended to provide for
greater and better school facilities.
Property says no, and the workers' children are the sufferers, for it must be
understood that in the case of the children of the wealthy they are not compelled to attend the public schools, but
have other places of education provided
for them.
* » *
Education has always been In the
hands of the ruling class. In fact the
arts and sciences have been built up and
developed on the back of slave labor.
The education of tho workers only became a matter of concern' to the ruling
class when it was demonstrated that an
educated slave could be a better producer than an uneducated and ignorant
one. Out of this grew the free education movement. This movement was not,
however, welcomed by all sections of thc
ruling class. There was much opposition by the short-sighted employers of
labor, but the times demanded slaves
who could read and write and who had
an elementary knowledge of mathematics, and free education was instituted.
'As the capitalism developed and new
discoveries were made in the realms of
science, technical education was widely
advocated, and those nations that gave
consideration to the producing of highly skilled workers became very powerful in the industrial world. The ma-
\ terial interests of the ruling class determined that technical schools should
be established.
w       »       »
Like all petty bourgeoise communities
Vancouver is subjected to the rule of
small minds. Beactionary in every detail, even in line with the interests of
those that benefit most by the education
of the .prospective producer of profits.
Grasping thc nickel and unable to sec
the dollar. Too cheap to pay for what
they are to receive, and too narrow to
even see their own interests.
* * *
It has been said that comparisons arc
odious. This may be perfectly true, but
in spite of that we desire to contrast
the attitude of Vancouver's property
owners with the educational authorities of "benighted" Soviet: Bussia.
There the best buildings are taken for
the education of children. New methods
are being adopted which place capitalistic educational methods in a bad
light. Technical and agricultural sub-
• jects are the rule in every district, while
the minds of the children are being developed by the regular educational
methods, and by many new ones; each
child is being taught those things which
will make them producers. Nothing is
too good for the children within the
limits of the resourcc.1 of the country,
wliich have naturally been curtailed by
the tactics of the allies, yet what there
is the children are not denied. But the
Bussians have lost a large amount of the
old ideas. Property docs not rule, the
needs of the people are the first consideration, and consequently there is no
trouble about paying for the education
of the children. The workers have made
possible the strides that have been
made in thc scientific world. But their
children arc denied the benefits which
should rightly be theirs, because of thc
class ownership of the means of wealth
production, which must of necessity include the educational facilities. Vancouver property owners have given another example of how little they value
tho lives of thc children by their refusal to provide proper facilities to
carry on educational work, so that the
children may be made efficient and productive workers, and by this neglect endangering the health and lives of
the youngsters. Such are capitalistic
methods, and only with the end of the
Bystem will the neglect of the rising
generation be abolished,
OH, what a commotion I Someone has
figured it out that the poople are being compelled to pay too much for coal.
Accusations of profiteering are heard on
every hand. It is thc subject of discussion on street cars, in
A restaurants, and in every
OOAL place where people con-
QUESTION gregate. An investigation has been demanded.
Politicians, ministers, business men, and
workers are loud in thcir demand for
some relief from the high coal prices. Of
course the miners are blamed for it all
by the coal operators, and the retailers
evidently do not know who is to blame,
and while eaoh has his own particular
viewpoint as to who is responsible for
the high cost of fuel, confusion reigns
supreme. Coal, like all other commodities, is sold at its value, supply and demand being the regulating factor. When
we say coal is sold at its value, we do not
mean that in any given district it may not
be selling at above its value, but ooal, like
all other commodities, is produced for a
world's market, and local conditions may
have an effect on the price in any given
locality. Things which must be taken
into account are: What competition is
there in the area? What outside competition is there? And how effective is it!
For instance, coal produced in Fernie may
be sold in that district at less than coal
produced in Nanaimo may bc sold in
Vancouver, or even in tho city in which
it is produced, but the coal produced in
Fernie is not a very effective competitor
to that produced in Nanaimo, when Vancouver and even Nanaimo are the marts
for it, owing to the oost of transportation, consequently all effective competitors should be taken into consideration
when the price of ooal in Vancouver is
discussed, and which hat evidently been
overlooked by the people demanding an
investigation. Where competition is not
in evidence the coal operators will get
all the traffic will bear. They will only
sell at a price that will exclude effective
competition from outside sources, and
those that are at this time protesting
against the price of coal, whether they
be workers or employers of labor, at all
times follow this rule of action.
# * *
The amusing part of the situation is
the concern displayed by the workejs as
to whether it is possible to reduce the
price of coal. It is particularly amusing
when the fact that the supposed decrease
in the cost of living is being used on
every hand by the employers as an excuse for a decrease in wages. Workers
aid in getting the prico of coal reduced,
the employers also assist, the "mutual
interests" must be evident to anyone.
The manufacturing interests are concerned in cutting down the cost of production. The reducing of the price of
coal will do something towards it, but
when the price of coal, which is one of
the necessities of life and naturally
figures in the cost of living, is reduced,
there is still a further chance of reducing
the cost of production, by the ' further
cutting of wages. Labor, power is a commodity, sold by the workers, who receive
in exchange for that which they sell, its
cost of reproduction. Therefore the
workers receive that^ which is necessary
in order that they may reproduce thcir
labor power, and under these conditions
the prices of commodities is none of their
business. High prices, high money
wages; low prices, low money wages.
The only thing that should concern the workers is the fact that
when they sell thcir labor power they
are exploited by the employing class. Thc
product of their toil is not theirs; because of the fact that as wage slaves they
have sold all they possess to a class that
owns the means of wealth production.
There is coal in abundance. Canned salmon is stored away in warehouses. Foodstuffs of all descriptions, along with
clothing, and the materials necessary for
the building of shelter are produced in
abundance, but there is no market for
them; hence the cessation of production.
The necessities of life are produced by
the workers. But they cannot enjoy the
fruits of their toil because of the class
ownership of'the means of wealth production. We can imagine the price of
coal being thc concern of manufacturers
who are endeavoring to compete with
manufacturers in other countries that
have cheaper means of production, but
cannot see where the price of coal affects
the slave, who is compelled to sell his
labor power, the price of which is determined by the cost of commodities. What
does concern him, however, is the bringing to an end the system of exploitation
under which he suffers unemployment,
disease and misery, while the employing
class enjoy the benefits of his labor. All
his troubles are the result of the present
system of society, and if prices fall to
zero, his wagos will follow suit. Even the
miners that produce the coal are slated
for a reduction of 40 cents per day in
their wages as a result of the fall in the
cost of living, and if that is not sufficient
evidence to demonstrate to the workers
that the cost of living determines the
price of their labor power, and that prices
of commodities arc none of their business,
they are hopeless.
THE MORNING POST, published in
Great Britain, is much concerned
over the trade agreement entered into by
the British Government with Soviet
Bussia, and attempts to prove that there
is no trade WortMnv-
A QUESTION ing. After taking'this
OF position the Post states
MORALS that recognition of So
viet Bussia is immoral.
Every opponent of Soviet Eussia takes
the position that the Boviet regime is
maintained in power by force. They use
this as an argument against the recognition of the new order in Bussia, at all
times failing to note that every government on earth is maintained in power by
armed, forces. In fact, they could not
govern did they not have the power to
do so, and all the moral laws and ethics
that could be brought forward would
never keep them in power when the people
decido that a change is necessary, unless
thnt armed force is present. Might is
right. That is the moral law of tho
present system, and if there arc doubting
Thomases still in existence, they cnn
soon learn that this is true by attempting to place their moral concepts
against thc powers of the modern state.
* » *
Under the rule of capital, it is looked
upon as sedition to oppose the ruling
powers. In Soviet Russin thc Bolsheviki
nlso consider that those that oppose thc
present regime are traitors.   The ruling
class of all other countries which are
of necessity capitalistic, view with approval the efforts of the Bussian traitors
who oppose the present ruling faetion.
Thus do we see that morals and jethical
outlooks are changed by the conditions
that prevail. Naturally, to the capitalistic ruling class, the Soviet regime appears immoral. It is not based on the
same property concepts that prevail in
capitalistic countries, and as the material
basis of society is the cause, and determines the moral viewpoints that are generally accepted, then those that oppose
the present property basis of morality
must naturally be looked upon as immoral, by those whose interests are
bound up in the present system.
* * *
In the event of any section of the
people rising in revolt against the dictates of the ruling class of capitalistic
countries, armed forcos are immediately
brought into activity. Imprisonment,
and all those,devices of terrorism are
brought into play. The firing squad is
also found very handy, and if the op.
position be only one of words, or passive
resistance, the gaol is found a convenient
faetor in subduing the rising of the
people. This is moral. It is ethical in
every capitalistic country, but highly immoral in Soviet Bussia. It was ever
thus with ruling classes. The only morals
or ethics that they knew or could oon-
ceive of, were those tenets that would
fit in with the material interests of the
members of the ruling class of any given
period. Was it not ordained by :God
that men should be slaves? Did hot the
church uphold chattel slavery, juiftil
the material conditions prevailing made
it essential that man should be ho
longer the personal property of any individual, and a hew form of slavery instituted?
# * »   '      ...
The same can be said of feudalism.
Wage slavery has also been endorse! and
supported by all the "moral" forces in
society. But conditions have changed.
A new concept of what is moral has
taken root in the minds of the world's
workers. While it may not be as yet
universal, it is a growing force. Soviet
Bussia has deelared that it is immoral
to hold men in wage slafery. In order
that the desire of the Russian people
may be made a reality, the Soviet'Government has used force both against the
enemy within and without its borders.
The capitalists have used force to prevent
tho establishing of a new order in Russia..
If force is used, however, there iB only
one way to combat it, and that is by
force. The capitalistic ruling class' cqh-i
siders it moral to put down its enemies
by the sword, but it would appeal that:
it all depends on whose ox is being
gored whether forceful methods of suppressing the enemy are moral or, not.:
Judging by the way the world's ruling,
class has acted during the last fewyears
it would appear to us that the'^nly
moral outlook that the members of that
class have, is one that is determined by
whether, they can advance their, material interests, and all else matters not.
Possibly if the imperialistic nations
bent on the destruction of Soviet Bussia
were to cease their activities, the Bol-
shevki might be ablo to give an example of how a country can bo run without
the • force of arms. The moral concept
then might change considerably; in the
meantime morals are all a matter of who
has the power. Judging from the Post's
comment, the moral aspect of recognizing
Soviet Russia would be much changed if
there wcro lots of trade. Such are capitalistic morals and ethics.
The local press on Thursday carried a
story of two brothers in Germany whose
crime record is unique.  The crimes with
which they have been charged range from
picking pockets to murder.   When  the
presiding judge asked them to tell their
life story, Emil, one of the two brothers,
who, according to press reports, appears
to be above the average in intelligence,
with much eloquence and complacency
gave the following account of his life:
He told of his mother, who, he said,
drove him out when he was seven
years old, unbrcakfasted,   on   cold
winter mornings before   school   to
carry  newspapers   for  a  drunken
father who compelled him to commit
all kinds of crimes   when   he   was
hardly ten.   Later his foster-mother,
appointed by law, made him assist
,   young girls to escape from asylums
that sho might sell them to houses of
vice.   So this boy grew old in crime
beforc his years.   If out of 32 years
he has spent only 14 years in prison
it is because ho prison could hold
him.   He nearly always escaped. Bl '.
"Now   your  honor,"  Emil  oon-.;
eluded, "who is to blame more, those :
who created the   circumstances  ill'
which I grew up, or myself person- !
ally?" _  ,.
The audience which crowded the i
courtroom to suffocation sided noisily
with the prisoner and cared little $>r.'
the judge's threat to clear the hall.
Indeed at one time it seemed that the
strong guard of soldiers would have
hard work to keep the tremendous
crowd outside from rushing the
courthouse. •'<> •
Behind the treatment that these'two
boys received in their early days, lay
conditions that compelled their parents
to engage in crime. Drunkenness, which
is supposed to be the cause of much
crime, is itself the outcome of the conditions that prevail. Exploitation or
robbery is the basis of the present system
of society, and under those conditions
that make it profitable for men and
women to engage in crime either by robbery or other means of getting a living,
thc system and not the individual, as
stated by the victim of circumstances in
Germany, indioated to the judge who was
trying him for "his" crimes.
Oil Association Splits
With Mexican Company
(By Arthur Thomson)
Tha Mexican Eagla OU Co, hu
severed relations with the Aasocia-
tton of Oil Producers In Mexico,
controlled principally by tbe Do-
heny Interests, One report has it
that the Mexican Eagle was expelled, while the company says It
withdrew voluntarily.
The Mexican Eagle and the
Guffy interests hava obeyed the oil
laws of Mexico Instead of raising
a hulabaloo like the Doheny crowd.
For this they have raised the Ire of
Doh$ny's propagandists.
Those who think that all Is well
with Mexico, and that.all danger
of Intervention has passed, had better take a glance at the oil journals
of the United States. Tou are liable
to get a rude shock. Doheny'a propagandists ln particular afe working overtime. Here ls a little bit
of news from Washington appearing ln a California otl weekly Deo.
30: "Facts tending to show that
the new regime in Mexico Is as near
like Its predecessor as six Is like
a half dozen have been laid before
the State department by a party of
oil men, headed by B. L. Doheny,
Including M. L. Bequa, Dr. Van
Manning and Frederick R. Kellogg.
They did not protest against anything Mexico had done, Their mission was to acquaint the State department officials with new developments."
And the report goes on to "show
up"-the de la Huerta administration and. Its extension of certain of
the Carranza decrees and makes
thd following statement: "Indications' are getting stronger all the
time that de la Huerta's confidential man, Fesqulerti, came to Washington for no other purpose than
to work out some scheme to get
the United States to keep its hands
Master Class Resort to
Plot Rumors to Build Up
Military Force
(By Paul Hanna, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Washington—"Merely the advertising preamble to a big Increase
in the state constabulary, or Black
Cossacks, of Pennsylvania," ls the
way James H. Maurer comments
on the rumor that Philadelphia's
armies of unemployed men are
plotting to blow up fnctories there.
ftfaurtr, who ls president of the
Pennsylvania State Federation of
Labor, is in Washington as a member of the commission on conditions in Ireland. In his statement
to your correspondent on the Philadelphia bomb tale, he said:
"There are from 60,000 to 80,-
000 textile workers atone now out
of Jobs in Philadelphia. That condition creates a great deal of misery and justifiable discontent But
the story that these miserable victims of modern industry are planning to dynamite factories strikes
me as a malicious fabrication by
those who are responsible for the
unemployment and suffering.
"I recall, also, that every time
lt has been planned to enlarge the
force of constabulary tbe poople
have been treated to a newspaper
campaign of so-callod radical plots
and terrorism which never materialized.
"Two years ago sentiment in
Pennsylvania favored the abolition
of the whole force, and there were
enough hostile votes in the Legislature to abolish lt. Then came
the mysterious transmission of infernal machines through the malls
and the explosion of alleged anarchist bombs ln various parts of the
"The Pennsylvania reactionaries
quickly set the stage at Harrisburg
to enlarge the constabulary. A
large number of these troops were
thrown about the capital building.
The governor's chambers were
heavily and ostentatiously guarded.
All persons, including, mombers of
tho Legislature, were searched for
bombs if they approached the cap-
Itol with parcels in their hands.
"Simple-minded member's of the
body grew pale with fear for their
own lives, and began to clamor for
a greater constabulary. So a bill
was rushed through which increased the force and raised the pay of
every one connected with it.
"Then the stago decorations wei'e
taken down. Troopers were removed from the capltol grounds. The
governor's chambers were nffaln
approachable by any one. Nobody
was searched for bombs nny more.
Tlie trick had been tut'ned and all
talk of anarchy subsided."
off while the Carranza confiscation
polloy was being carried out,
Tou see, the dally kept preu Is
feeding the people one thing while
the press of the American big business man ls feeding its readers
something ' altogether different
That Is high olass insidious propaganda.
The trouble with the Doheny
crowd -is, they went into Mexico
when Diaz ruled and acquired
control of their oil properties under laws which were framed for
plunderers and exploiters, and now
that the bold bad Mexicans have
framed new laws with their 1917
Constitution, Dohetoy is fighting
mad, since he can't have things all
his own way, Doheny is an Imperialist, and as such can't see the
Mexican peoples vlewponit, Several oil men, heads of big companies doing business ln Mexico, have
said that thest Imperialistic pirates have done things in Mexico
with an utter disregard of the
Mexican people.
The Doheny Interests are still
the biggest thing ln the Mexican
oil field, and the most troublesome.
And, of «ourse, as such, they hate
to have companies like the Mexican Eagle side In with the Mexican
government. When de la Huerta's
administration gave concessions to
the Mexican Eagle, the Doheny
interests got quite "riled up," and
probably the spilt with the oil association and the Mexican Eagle
was the result of these concessions.
Recently the oil propagandists
have vented their ire on the Mexican Review, published in Washington, D. C, because lt showed up
these propagandists. A recent issue of one of the Doheny oil propaganda sheets demands that the
flrst thing Obregon should dols to
suppress the Review, since it ls
controlled by the Mexican government, the writer says, so as to
show his sincerity of purpose. Tou
see, great minds run everywhere in
the same channel—if any one dares
to disagree with you, why, simplicity itself—suppress hlml
Dissolution   of   General
Federation of Labor Is
Paris—The French court, which
has been hearing cases against officials of the General Confederation
of Labor on charges of infringement of the law prohibiting unions
from playing a political part, has
ordered the dissolution of the federation.
At the same time fines of 100
francs each were Imposed upon
Leon Jouhaux, president of the
Federation, and four other offlclsls
of the organization.
The chief charge against the
Federation was that It had political aims. Proof of this was considered to be found in the participation of the Federation In the
railroad strike in May, 1920.
In the midst of the strike, which
It was feared might precipitate
drastic changes ln the economlo
and political structure of France,
tho cabinet instructed the minister
of justice to seek dissolution of the
Berlin—The mining union of
Lorraine has voted by a largo majority to affiliate with the International and the Oerman, Slovak and
Magyar Socialists of the "Left,"
who, until now had been separated
have decided, on the advice of the
International, to Join the International Czeoho-Slovak Socialist
Party. >
Phone Seymonr 8408
"On Trial"
Featuring Bay B, Collins
and Margaret Marriott
Nut Wuk
And Bu Be. utijul Horn.
Otber Bit features
Low-priced coal will no doubt be a
great boon to the slaves that have no
How Is This for
Low Prices?
I will aell you Stanfield's Bed
Label at, per ault $5.00
Blue Label at $6.00
Blaok Label at  $7.00
I have tke troofle.   Thla la not
a oatob ad.
Men'a    Heavy    Orer     Work
Shirta,    high   and   regular
collar   $1.75
Men'a Blue Chambray   Shirts
for tl.OO
Mackinaw Coats  $10.00
Men'a Heavy Pants, all wool,
at  I „ W.00
Men'a Fine Shirts  I1.M
Men'a Striped Overalls, with
bib, at  11.50
Blankets at prloea that wtll
satisfy anyone.
Men'a Fine Shirts, large and
roomy, with separate collar,
at tut
Black Twill Shirts  .1.(0
18 and 20 Oordova St. W.
444 Main Street
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting, are features of onr dental plate department.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
QUO Corner Robson
Dental Art Establishment
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fine Cars
S3t Abbott St.    Vancouver
Phone Sey. 88I7-88J8
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Matinee  2:80
Evenings 8:20
Ring up Phone Seymonr MM
(or appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Bulldlnf
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc, at coat Our atock
la Blf ,and ao are our Bargains. Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 3745
In that dark hour when sympathy and beat tervlca count n
much—call up
Phone Fairmont SS
Prompt Ambulance Service
Office Houn:   10 to 11 i.b., 1 te I
p.m.  Evenings: 7 to I p.n. Ilea.
dsy, Wedneidiy and Friday.
Pkoae Sey. 6*71.
Dr. Willard Coates
Chiropractor md Sruilui rhjudia
(8ueoesior to Dr. Joan Oray)
S0-S1-32 P. Bnma Bldf., II HaMaaa
St., W., Vancouver, B. O.
(Between Fintif ei Theitro eat B. ti.
I. B. eieu.nl
Phone Sey. 231      Day or Night
531 Homer St. Vancouver, B. C
1110 OeoifU atroet
Sunday lerrlcei, 11 em. ul 7.10 IM.
flundar    eebeoj     immtdletelr    feUevlu
morning lor.loe.    Wedneediy teetlaieaid
meeting,   0   p.m.   Tree   readies   	
eoi-ooa  Bir..   Bid.. M
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerala of Dignity it IWr
Falrvlew: Office and Chapel.
2391 Oranvllle Street
Phone Bay 3200.
North Vancouver: Office and'
Chapel, 122 Sixth St, W.
Phona N. V. Ui.
Mount Pleasant:   Office aad
Chapel, 2121 Main St
Phone Fairmont II.
It Haatlncs SI. E.
Patronise These Who Patronise Teal
TBE telephone ll a direet ten..
et communication. Why reply te
a call la inch a minner ae te lm>
pair lti ueefulneeel la living tie
nine of your arm when aniwerlaf
dots aot Imply bruequoneii. XI la
builneiellhe, tne, but there le alee
a courtesy behind It that ll appro*
elated by tho penon csllisi.
Britlah Columbia Telephone
Ballard's Furniture Store
PbOM Sly. 2187
Wt ilwajri csrry ln stock a food
■election of dining-room, piilor, kitchen and bedroom furniture alia
HnoUum and Medium prleed oarptt
maim, run. «to. Wi can ssrs tm
money at va an eat et tba Uik wat
tal Non-alcoholic wtaei of tn
UNION   MEN'S   ATTENTION FBIDAT, ■ .^.January tl, 1121
i      i
Ton can buy all kinds of Labor papera and the very latest booka. The new 1M1
CALENDAR with Soviet Em.
blem. Very beautiful design,
only SO centa, mailed to any
address ln Canada for 5 centa
extra. All tlie latest books by
Upton Sinclair:
The Brass Check..... $ .11
Postage 10c
The Proflt of Religion....   .15
"Postage lOo
100 per cent. American..   .IB
Postage 10c
The Cry for Justice
(Cloth)    2.50
Postage 25o
King Coal (Cloth)   2.01
Postage 25a
Jimmie Higgins (CIoth)..MI
Postage 2 to
—. i*m
By Jack London!    -—•—•"
tor the following add 11*
The Adventure (Cloth).. .1.21
The"Xlame (Cloth) ........ 1,21
Tha South Sea Talea
(Cloth)   1.11
Martin Eden (Cloth) ...  Lit
Lost Face (Cloth)  1.21
Children of the Forest
(Cloth)    1.11
The Sea Wolf (Cloth) .. Lit
Tales of a Flsh Patrol
(Cloth)   _. 1.11
White Fang (Cloth)   Lit
Moon Face (Cloth)  1.11
■ Cruise of the Snark
(Cloth)     1.11
Before Adam (Cloth) .... l.il
The House of Pride
(Cloth)    1.25
The Faith ot Man
(Cloth)   1.11
Jerry of the Island
(Cloth)    1.11
The Turtles of Tasman
(Cloth)   l.M
John Barleycorn
(Cloth)    Lit
The Little Lady of the
Big House (Cloth) .... Lit
Burning Daylight
(Cloth)    Lit
War of the Classes
(Cloth)    1.51
Iron Heel (Cloth)   1.61
Hundreds more by such authors as Zane Oray, Rex
Beach, Burroughs, Service,
Hall Calne, Harold Bell
Wright, William McLeod
' Ralne, Ralph Connor, and
others. All mail ordera
promptly attended to.
Six copies or more ot any
book will be supplied at special rates.
The International
Book Shop
Cor. Hastlnga and Columbia
Vancouver, B. OL
Ottawa, Ont. — Canadian grain
growers hava little to fear from
Russian competition becauso one
only ahlp loaded with Russian
grain has arrived aa yet In any
Italian port, Canada's trade com
mlssloner at Milan reports. Only
small quantities ot grain from Rou
mani%and Jugo-Slavla will flnd lta
way to the European markets despite more favorable transportation
and exchange rates.
Reglna, Baak. — Saskatchewan
Co-operative Creameries, Limited,
operate 24 creameries, five publlo
cold storage and three poultry kilting stations situated in various
parts of the province.
Kindling Free
Tea aa tny you
fron na ea IAST TUMI ef
—and U's food furaitnn, toa
—-rul good. All Ugh taiUty
stuff, by Dut nukin, Bads,
MattrMMi. Oarpits, Bonus,
labia Chain, Tahiti, Oonchci.
Linolwm, Buns, Baagoi, aad
everything «a aeed. Coma and
ih ail *• -aU to hay I
We're t*-*- t# ihow yoa
Furniture Co.
416 MAIN
Opposite City Hall
Toronto Workers   Hear
the Truth for
The Amalgamated Garment
Workers of Toronto have started a
series of lectures, and opened these
by Inviting Prof. Scott Nearing to
give them a lecture on "Industrial
It ls to be regretted that the
workers were not alive to the
fact that In absenting themselves, they were depriving themselves of a real intellectual feast,
but lt ii safe to say that the bulk
of them are more interested In
paying homage to William of Orange than anything else, unless lt
is hunting for a job, whloh does
not exist.    .
In opening his lecture, the professor stated that the word "Democracy" haa been so travestied,
that lt waa not recognisable any
longer with Ita true meaning, and
that to him Industrial democracy
meant the ownership of the shops
and factories by the worken in the
Interest of the workeri. At the
present time, the working olass
were bereft of the tool! of produotlon, whereaa even In what were
known aa the dark ages, the artl<
san. possessed his toola, and was
always, at least able ta ereate tot
his own needs,'
He went on to ahow how we had
built up vast empires, but they had
all been failures, because they
were not based on supplying the
needa of humanity, but all had
grown up on the exploitation of a
slave class. He showed the analogy between the ancient empires
and the British Empire, which he
stated, was the greatest that the
world had ever known sinoe the
Boman Empire. Why did that vast
Boman civilization fall, he asked,
and then explained that the Idea
of greatuss was ln acquiring vast
teri-ltonr/and subjecting the people and compelling them to pay
tribute to Rome. They took from
them "all that the market would
bear," without breaking, or In
other words, extracted from them
everything except what was actually necessary to keep them alive,
to contniue to be further exploited.
The Roman Empire had enormous
wealth and unlimited power", but
lt fell and was followed by a period
of agricultural life, aa the people
were forced back to the land, ln
order to live. Thue many of the
advances made during the period
of Its growth and decay were lost,
and a terrible reaction set ln, which
was known as the Dark Agos. Capitalism had built up an enormous
civilization, but what did we see
In Central Europe, the large
cities are being deserted, and the
people are taking up their abode in
the country, as the only means of
existence. Capitalism had failed
dismally, and was collapsing.
Dealing with the world war, he
showed the mockery of the various war propaganda, and dealt at
length on the "war to end war" cry,
which had been so thoroughly believed at the time; but who believes that there will not be an
other wai" now? They are prepar
Ing with greater speed and with
more expenditure in tho United
States, England and Japan In 1911
than they were In 1918. The paat
war had cost ua ten million lives as
a direct result of another fifteen
million hnd diod slnoe from starvation, epidemics, eto.
Yet the next war would be more
colossal, and demand greater
losses. In Reference to the causes
of war, he showed how for many
years there had been a close alliance between Germany and Great
Britain, so much so that our rulers were of German extraction, and
therefore there existed close hereditary ties; France, on the other
hand, had always been antagonistic to Great Britain, and , Russia
under the Czar, was an enemy nation not so yery long ago, when
we faced them ln combat ln the
Crimea. Hence the strange alliance of France, Russia and Great
Britain had to be accouted fol".
This being due to the necessary expansion of Germany, and their attempt to reach the Eaat by the
Bagdad railway, and the possibilities of the success of such a scheme.
The development of new countries
waa described as countries being
very rich in natural resources, with
a very small or no at"my and navy,
hence the need of their development, which was another namo for
foreign capitalists seizing everything that was worth having, seeing that the natives did the work
for them, and returning to them a
mere subsistence. The Spanish-
American war was alao outlined.
The Spanish atrocities towards the
natives, and the need of a great
and noble people rescuing them
from the oppression of thc foroign
yoke, were the accepted reasons,
but when analyzed, we found that
Cuba had great sugar plantations,
which were very essential to the
United States; that oil and other
valuable products which the States
required, were to be found ln the
Philippines; hence the great love
for the people waa expressed ln
getting control of their vast wealth.
Upon the necessity of the workers taking control and producing
for use Instead of for proflt, he
stated, that last summer he had
spent several montha In Europe.
There he found that all the workers were agreed that thli system
must be abolished. There was ne
difference of opinion upon that, the
only difference being the best and
most expeditious method of accomplishing lt. In Europe now, there
were those who stood solidly behind the third Internationale, and
the group who wero talking of forming a fourth Internationale which
he folt sure would come Into being this spring.
In France he found the workers
all advocating the abolition of capitalism, although their rulers were
the most Imperialistic ln the world
at the present time. In Germany,
tho feeling was the same, and ln
the opinion of many with whom he
had conversed on this matter, (mon
who had taken great pains to get
the real truth of the situation), II
was generally thought that this
spring would see revolutionary action from many of the smaller European countries, tn which Germany may also take a part. Asked
about the United States, he stater
Ecclastics Show Their Position on the Irish
Incentives to Progress Under Capitalism
(Continued from December 31)
(By T. F. M.) , ^
Wagedom is the underwriter of
poverty. Poverty has eaat lta mantle about, not alone tha human
body, but tha entire lhental processes ot mankind.: It haa dragged
down into the uttermost depths of
degradation and despair, through'
laok of the natural fuel to the
human body, all concepts of morality; for to1 undermine the body by
starvation la but to arouse and
aggravate that animalistic trait of
lt.an that la but covered by a thin
veneer* of what Is termed civilization. To temporarily nourish the
starving by donating charity, petty
alms remlnda one of a cat playing
with a mouse, a tiger playing with
Its prey. To donate alma to the
poor is to give nourishment to an
evil disease, for poverty la a disease, the foulest moral disease possible, borti and cherished by the
foulist Incentive.   The poor ara not
subject ln relation to human so-titrable labor; what do we And? We
rlety. Haeckel aays, as tn animal flnd that they In thousands have
society so does the law of the "aur- been foreed by economlo necessity
vlval ot the fittest"   function   in to resort ta the only vocation left
human soolety. Tha Dai*wlnlan
theory aa to whloh be the fittest ln
animal society la baaed upon what
ls termed natural selection," whloh
law cannot function In human society, for there la no biological variation among human beings;
neither ls man dominated aa ln
animal soolety by environment, for
man having transformed his environment to hla own uses ls enabled to annul tha "dictatorship" of
natural environment
Is lt not Illogical to suppose that
the law of the "fittest" as It functions In animal soolety should ad-
'ust Itself ln human society? Shall
tha swift In human society prey
upon the slow, tha strong upon tha
weak, and tha crafty upon tha un-,
wary? In human soolety the fittest
are not necessarily the strong, any
more than they ara the weak.   It la
a different species to the rich, thr owing to   something   outside   ot
difference ls not, In his mental
moral or physical construction ot
the Individual. It Is In the economio construction of society;! it la
ln the Immoral vileness of the entire
social system. Therefore the poor*
are but a reflex of the whole of
society that reflects a condemnation
upon all humanity. Those altruistic beings who ln all good faith,
perhapa donate to the poverty-
stricken are but rendering temporary aid, which but Inflames the
cankerous boil of starvation.
According to capitalistic law, or
justice or whatever they may desire to term lt, a. being who possesses no monoy Is not entitled to live;
and here Is a paradox with which
society is grossly redundant; yet, lf
this starving wretch attempts to
end his or hei* miserable existence
they are subject to arrest Summed
up, the law decrees lt a crime to
live and It also decrees lt a crime
to die; for ls It not a fact that
vagrancy or pauperism Is punishable by Imprisonment, either ln a
jail or poorhouse? A poorhouse la
not imprisonment some may Insist Let us go into this poorhouse,
this workhouse—this charitable institution and see for ourselves.
These guests, or rather Inmates, as
they are termed, endure a humdrum, demoralizing existence.
Toung and old, crippled and dull-
witted, all paupers, herded like
sheep—but wait. Christmas arrives. Oh, what joy Is theirs, for
does not this humanitarian system,
grant them, these beings that ate
no longer manly or womanly on
thts day of days, a more lavish supply of life's necessities. Those
unwanted creatures, homeless,
spiritless, helpless, yet hopeful for three hundred and
sixty-four days, look forward to
this day, Christmaa Day, much as
a ti*uo Christian would lodk for the
coming of the Redeemer. Yes,
truly such an Institution la moral—
from an Immoral point of view.
Struggle Natural
Charles Darwin through hla
scientific analysis of the development of organic nature, lias given
to mankind invaluable data ln relation to the vai'ious forms of Ufa
In animal society he tells us that
the struggle for exlstanoa ls
struggle that ls natural and i
avoidable. It ta a struggle ln which
the fittest always survive. Varl
ous theorlea are advanced upon thla
that lt waa very difficult to say what
would happen there. For the past
Ave yeara, the workera had been
doing well, 1. e., they had been
getting the workers share regularly, and a Uttle surplus that the
psychology of many across the line
was that by being industrious and
saving, they would be able to attain to the height of Rockefeller.
During the war period, a stent
number gathered together every
possible cent and started some form
of business or Industry, feeling
that at last they had struck the
high road to success. The results
wei'e Just now being felt. The panic had struck them so hard that at
the present time thoy were dazed.
Meanwhile, the big fellows were
swallowing them up, much to tho
gain of the latter. What would
happen aa a result he could not
toll. Business failures had Increased considerably during the
last month. Moat ot those affected
being men with smalt capital.
natural causes that determine who
shall be the fittest It la owing to
the possession of wealth. Tha two
little words "How Muoh" enter onoe
again Into the discussion, they cannot be eliminated, they have a subtle manner of Inserting themsel-
es Into all questions ln which present soolety Indulges Itself. Where
the only food available are the
leaves upon the trees, the giraffe,
as Darwin states, with the long
neck would be the fittest. In capitalist society tho long neck resolves itself Into a long bank account
In a state of society baaed upon tha
social ownership of the means of
life, man would bend down the tree
upon which hangs the fruit of
social production, enabling all who
perform their social obligations, to
There would be no long-necked,
for there would be no rich; there
would be no short-necked for there
would be no poor.
The very science that treats ot
the "survival of the fittest" In its
adaptation to human society,
should be sufficient evidence, even
to tho most skeptical of the corrupt Issues of capitalism.
Man has, we must admit, harnessed the forces of nature, but haa
he conquered them? In the faoe
of all dogmatic utterances to the
contrary, man has, Instead of utilizing these forces for the benefit of
all; brought about, through foul Incentives a more despicable and servile state of society, creating of the
earth's tollers a multitude of servitors who bow down before these
forces they have harnesp»J,
Under a system of Bociety that
caters to the requirements of all,
would not such a state eventually
wipe out that parasitic element, the
hangers-on, the remnants of capitalism, who would doubtless be
existent, scattered aparsely through
the new social order? Would they
not be the unfitted, an unflttest
that would formulate and prove the
moral standard of the new society.
Capitalism as It evolved, created
new and numerous complications
to sucfi an extent, that In one decade the entire fabrlo of society
experienced an upheaval. The female of the species, during the
war (ttself being one of the milestones along the road of progress
capitalistic) threw aalde the prewar cloak of feminism and usurpf
ed man's .place In Industry, which
faet Itself forced a charge In the
moral status of woman. No longer waa she looked upon merely as
a prospective bride, a mother-to-be,
a chattel for man to do with as he
willed. Tha war transformed all
this, aa lt transformed the oodea
of what previously waa moral and
lawful. t It encouraged young womanhood to become a co-partner
in one of the vilest conspiracies of
history. Inducing them to become
"war brides," a conspiracy directed
against the unbortt child; It also
Instructed them In Innumerable
trades and callings, all such, being
countenanced by the church and
state In the name of patriotism and
Tlio Fittest
At the cessation of this bloody
war for peace, after these war-
brides had discarded their widows'
weeds, nfter they had brought Into
the world a child whose father waa
long since cold and stark beneath
the soil, after these thousands oj
patriotic women tollers had been
cast upon the scrap heap of unde-
to them; a vooatlon that la woeful*
ly Increasing—prostitution.
Thus the Darwinian hypothesis
of the "Attest" proves luelf In human society, tha Attest apparently
being the woman of such calibre.
Therefore taking thla aa x baala In
wur analysis as to tha future of
capitalistic soolety, one wouid naturally assumo that the predominant element would ba a race of dehumanized and bestial degenerates
whose ohlef funotlon would be to
precipitate upon all society the
venemoua blood-red fang of harlotry, leaving In Its wake a lasting
—aye, and truly boftttlng monument to the most atrocious system
the world has aver aeen.
Prostitution haa been termed tha
social evil; it la mora than that;
it Is a sooial necessity, forced upon
soolety through economlo necessity,
a necessity that Is essential to the
growth of capitalism.
Another profession that haa received a vitalizing Impulse under
capitalism, ls war. It ls tha moral
elevating and ennobling calling
that exists, that Is, according to
those peaceable Individuals who
atay at home to make profits out of
war stocks. Greater strides have
been made along the path of progress during the last decade, In all
thlnga relating to war, than all
other enterprises combined. The
militarists, that element whose sole
profession Is tactics; who study
maps and direct tha activtiiea of
the various armies, look upon war
much aa a chess player will look
upon a game of oheas. It ls a
game, and the majority of participants are pawns. The fatherless
children whoae lawful and moral
protector deserted them, whose
lust to kill, ln the name of duty,
was greater than his paternal instinct, ara the result of a dastardly dogma that encourage" such in
lta appeal to what ls termed "humanity." To do one's duty aa i
soldier, Is to shirk one's duty as a
To become an efficient butcher,
one must kill animals. To become
an efficient aoldier, one must follow
that calling; one must kill men,
and by ao doing one's sense of duty
Is "exalted." Thus society has
created and placed upon a pinnacle
of fame such beings, who are
proudly pointed out as being all
that ls manly and noble, creating
an incentive in the young mind to
also becomo "manly and noble."
^How droll, yet sad, to hear the
cockney waif, the outcast, singing
"Rule Brltannta," while — listen
closely at hts. vitals; his belly Is
whining for food. With exultant
swelling of breaat, this starveling
sings of the noble traditions of his
race, ln a voice quivering with fervent fanaticism; patriotism it ls
misnamed. The crossing-sweeper
tights for the privilege of a muddy
crossing, the homeless for the privilege of a vacant benrfh, and the
hungry for a greater hunger; such
ls the reward given these starving
beings who were once proud sol
diers, by a system whose ethical
standard Is valued at so much—at
par, and whoae oulture Is measured
by the amount of toll they do not
'   Booted ln Commerce
The Incentive for war ls rooted
la' commerce. Foreign markets,
trade routes, territorial expansion;
these are the objectives aimed at;
tho outcome of auoh avaricious desires being war, "glorious war.'
The only glorious victory Is a victory of man's finer feelings, over
his baser animal passions and madness, whloh thrive upon lust and
Ignorance, A vlotory of one nation over another means that Mars
has, conjointly with Moloch and
Mammon, been victorious, and that
blood lust has robed Kso.f ln false
raiment and aeduoed the mind of
the people. Suoh cataclysms as
the "Oreat War" are based upon
corrupted Incentive, which array
alt the demoniacal evils in man
agalnBt his better nature, and with
his reeking lust for blood-honor
and glory, sweep through this fair
earth desecrating all that Is to the
best Interests ot human progress.
War develops and fertilizes every
known evil, lt promulgates hatred,
ln tho name of patriotism, lt creates
an over Increasing v'cious desire to
kill, and It ereatM a foul concept
of what meant duty tn the brain
A large .number of people, even
In working clasa ranks, are ot the
opinion that the Sinn Fein movement ln Ireland is merely' a s
tarlan squabble, and that religion
haa a great Influence on the movement. In faot some are ot the
opinion that the Roman Catholic
Church la responsible for the Irish
movement to break from British
rule. While It may be true that at
one time the church played a part
ln the Sinn Fein movement, aa an
organization, aad pay even hava
been responsible for a lot of thlnga
that have transpired, the following taken from the Literary Digest
will give some Idea aa to how much
tho church la ln sympathy with
the movement at this time:
The unequivocal denunciation of
Sinn Fein by the pflmate ot All
Ireland, Cardinal Logue, Archbishop of Armagh, plaoes the Catholio Church ln opposition te the
movement aa far u the Irish hierarchy are concerned, but Irish Catholio papers tell us that at leaat
one bishop and not a few priests,
especially in the southwest, are enthusiastic supporters of the slogan,
"For ourselves alone." The Cardinal's rebuke to Mr. de Vetera and
his followers^ waa made in a pastoral ordering prayers for peace
throughout hla diocese, and we
quote lt from the Dublin Tree-
man's Journal. It does not mention Sinn Fein by name, but rune:
"Whether due to the demoralization ot the world by war, or to
a fate hanging over unhappy Ireland, blasting her hopea when they
seem to brighten, an agitation Is
spreading here which Is Ill-considered and Utopian, and can not fall
to entail suffering, disorganization
and danger, to the end of dlaaater,
defeat and collapse, and all In pursuit of a dream no sober man ean
hope to ue realized, namely, the
establishment of an Irish Republic,
either by an appeal to the potentates of Europe at the peaoe conference, or hurling an unarmed
people agalnat an Empire of Ave
million under arms—a thing whloh
would be ridiculous If lt were not
so mischievous and fraught with
such danger to an ardent, generous
and patrlotla people."
The Irish Catholio, the leading
Catholio paper In Dublin, haa
taken a strong antl-Slnn Fein stand
and ls very angry with those priests
who have lent lt the support of
their countenance, "It la abundantly clear," lt says, "that Mr. de
Valera does not want our priests
to exercise any moderating Influence upon the secret counsel* of
hts movement" which, lt avers, "la
designed to drag Catholio Ireland
at the heels ot the unholy Continental revolutionaries." The Irtah
Catholio lets loose the vials of IU
wrath upon the priests that attended the Sinn Fein convention, and
"We emphatically protest against
the combined lunacy and traitor-
ism which would enroll Ireland
among the enemies of the Empire
and make our people the catapaws
of a new German Lutheran conquest and confiscation of tho soil
of our country. As regards the few
priests who attended, we can only
say that they must hava a peculiar
regard for their peraonal dignity If
they are satisfied with the treatment accorded them. Only two—
we except of course, poor Father
O'FIanagan, who waa elected a
vice-president—were elected members of the council, and these two
were the veteran Father Matt
Ryan, who has alwaya been an enthusiast In every oause he ever espoused, and Jfather Wall. Both
these reverent and worthy priests
received fewer votes than the
Countess Marklvlca or Dr. Kathleen
In a scries of detailed articles on
the Irish situation, the London
Dally Telegraph tells us that aa an
organization the church ln Ireland
ts not behind any political party.
It even hints that the hierarchy Is
pursuing an opportunist policy:
"The Influence of the Catholio
clergy ln Ireland ls as much of a
hindrance aa a help to any political settlement. Ecclesiastical Inaction, continued,for months, hae
seriously undermined the authority of the hierarchy. The recent
pronouncement by Cardinal Logue
has come too late. The Irish people have become convinced that
the   Roman   Catholic   Church   Is
t        ■
Clearance Sale
Ladies' Sweater Coats..
.au Mo* to aim
Men's Sweater Coats, up to $7.50, to dear at ?4.00
Men's Mackinaw Coats, up to $22^0, to elear....f 12.75
Men's Overcoats, from .Htlf Prio* to 28% OS
Men's Suits, all lines .  Mfi Ott
Clubb & Stewart Ltd.
Men's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Stores
waiting Hill to ttt whloh It th.
winning aid* tnd to declare Itself
In It. rapport. Thoy aro not wholly wrong. For many reason.,
chiefly of a matorial nature, tho
IrUh hierarchy would nftor groat-
ly by tho adoption of any polloy
eppoaod to tho political tempor of
th. pooplo.^ Onoa or twico tho at
tampt hu been mado to donounoo
a particular form of opposition to
Castle government, but It haa novor
"Tho Cardinal's pronouncement
wu mado a. aolomnly u wu de.
manded by the dlro atiMta to whloh
tha Influence of hla Church la reduced. The practical aniwer to lt
wu tho presence of tho carriage
of hla archleplacopal brothor of
Dublin In tho multltudlnoua procea.
.Ion of Sinn Fein protest whloh
followed Atht tt hit grave a fnr
woek. ago. Greatly u tho hierarchy dislike, tha Idea of Sinn Fein,
It fear, even moro tho possibility af
being out of sympathy with lta
flock, and a continuance of Uu
electoral successes of tho Republican party will hava tha aSast of
modifying tha hostility of tha
priest, toward tha new movoment
Many writer, profess to believe
that this li not tha ease, but la
the activo circle, of MA,life It U
recognised that tho Influence of tha
Catholio Cuhrch In Irish political
matters la for tho tlma almost sua-
ponded. It will not bo for long,
but this mott Important uset of
govornmont hu unfortunately
failed us at tha critical moment'*
of the peaceful artisan, that war
Is truly a noble calling, thue proving the Arm grip upon the moral
Intellect of this being who looks
with sadness upon he who cannot
see eye to eye with him. Buch
Invidious concepts prevent even
the faintest ray of truth to pierce
tho Inky blackness of their blighted Intellect. War to some, may
appear as a blessing sent down by
a Divine Providence to show ue the
error of our ways, but the fact remains, we do not have to explore
the Celestial region to discover the
lnoentlvo for war, any mora than
wa need journey to the abode of
Satan to seek a preventative.
It may be asserted that force
will always be necessary to progress, meaning brute force, foroe of
arma Suoh brains that possess
such animalistic viewpoints are
themselves derogatory to progress.
Fores will bs necessary, force of
Intellect, foroe of conscience; call
It what you will; but force of arma
never yet accomplished anything
that redounded to the betterment
of tha entire human race. To develop the brain of man and then
to blow their heads oft In battle,
appear, to be the highest Ideal of
present day socioty. Honorable
war? Dishonorable peace? Can
there be such a condition? Through
the Inventive genius of man, great
strides have been made ln modern
Industry. He tore the metal from
the bosom of mother oarth and
fashioned lt Into marvellous and
Ingenious maohlnes; thus enabling
him to perform Herculean feata.
Tha steam engine, made possible
what previously could never be ac
compllshed. Mkn, however, In
stead of becoming the master of
these maohlnes, hu become their
(Continued next week)
Montreal, Que.—"Unless th. at'
vio authorities do aomethlng aulot-
ly, and do It wall, a vary serious
break may ooour In tho orowdad
rank, ot tha unemployed," Barnard
Rose, of th* Cltissns' Unemployment committeo, saya
Ottawa, Ont — Canada', prlso*
population feu increased mora thaa
10 par east sine* tha caseation ot
hostilities la th* world war, *»
oordlng to return, compll.d by tmf
penitentiary branoh *f tt* department of Justice. Th* >pr*ad tt
crime among young mra, parti*
larly •( robbery with firearms, B
alarming; _^
X-RAYS Locate IDs
Vancouver X-Ray
.it staisaid ajms______a
Hamilton, Ont. — Foreign-born
workara ara being displaced oa
governmont bridge construction ly
Britlsh-born, following Instructions
from F. O. Biggs, minister of publlo work. In Ontario'. Farmer-Li-
bor government At a result many
Russians ara preparing to laav. for
thoir homaa ln Russia.
by Xataral Ibtheia.
Bears, 0 te • erealaia by epp.lalm.ai.
Taaeoavar X*lay aa. Netnnpetbie Iutt*
lite, .14 SUaeetd Baak BaiUlai. Pk.ee
Sermonr 1.TT.
Our Idea of
a Bargain
—To sell something that you need Just when
you need it, and to save you money on the price.
Here's a tempting list of end-of-the-week
bargains. Every one surely worthy the name
bargain. The best news in the paper today, and
you don't have to hunt for it, either.
Men's Suits
of Brown, Grey, and Navy Blue; all wool Serge
and Worsted; trimmed in first-class style, with
Wool Twill Linings.
Canadian Tweed Suits
of exclusive patterns; styles to suit almost
everybody; single and double-breasted, with two
or three-button coats; sizes 32 to 46.
$15   $19   $23   2$7
Take your choice for $15, $23, $27
AU Wool English
Gabardine Rainooatf
Smart    baited    stylet
with convertible eollar.
$27 each
Heavy Tweed
Bubberiied R ainooats
Belters or slip-on style |
absolutely  flrst • tuaas
$15 each
Opposite Provinoe
Correct Clothes PAGE SIX
thifweenth yeab. no. 3    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c
8AVE MONET by using
gf Lump $14 Ton
'   Stove $13 Ton '
We recommend a -mixture of
half Lump and half Stove at
813.50 Ton.
This is the best HOUSEHOLD
GOAL In Vanoouver, bar
Great Northern
Transfer Co.
,     420 CAMBIE ST.
Phone Sey. 404-6-6
ONLY    i/moll    MADE
Best Quality—Right Prices
IIS Carrall Street.
gey. USO
W. E. Fenn's School
Phones: Ser. 101—Sey. 3058-O
Social Dances Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
Union Oflcltli, write for pricei.    We
Oa aai etUt Jaa. l, 1*20, we will be
Ucftttd at 1129 HOWE ST. '
Toronto, Ont—Registration of
men applying at the city relief bureau for meal tickets Is steadily
Vaneoaver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmldent, J. M. Clarke;
Vtw-preiidtnt, R. W. Hatlejr; iecretary
J 0. Smith; treuurer, A. S. Wells;
•erg eant-at-ftrmi, E. Home; t runtf es,
Carr, Vinrublen, Sleverwrlght and Midg-
lay. Heats Srd Wednesday each month
la tha Peader Hall, corner of Pender and
Bow* strwte.   Phone Sey. 291
cll— Uiets second Monday In tbe
Math. President, J. P. McConnell: see-
ftUry, R. H. Neelands. P. 0. Boi 66.
0. B. U.—President, R. W. Hatley;
aeeretary, J. G. Smith. Meets 1st Wad-
aesday In each month In Pender Hall,
•or. of Pender and Howe streets. Phone
Say.  291, .
Hotel   and   restaurant    eh-
ployeu, Local 21—Meets miy aecond
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 p.m.
aid erary fourth Wednesday In the month
at 1:80 pm. President, John Cnmmlnie,
Montury and bualneaa agent, A. Graham.
Oflee and meeting hall, 441 Seymonr St.
W. Phone Sey. lflSl. Office hours, S
aja. to 6 p.m.
South Vancouver Unemployment
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Unemployment Is steadily growing
worse in Vancouver; one meets
men who have been out of work for
three or four months. The ratepayers have turned down the money
bylaws, and thc vest of the wonderful programme of development,
etc., has turned out to be 90 per
cent, pure bunk, as usual.
On top of this, comes the Joyful
news that wages have to be cut.
Vancouver Sun says, Jan. 14, 1921,
Metal Trades Council orders cut
of 10 pei' cent, in wages, effective
Monday next.; Coughlans' orders
cut from 10 to 30 per cent. In
wages, effective at once. This in
spite of the Btatement by H. H.
Stevens, M. P., that these vessels
wore to be started to relieve the
unemployment situation, and
wages paid according to government contract. The one thousand
are not to be employed, according
to the men working there, and 200
or more are to bc laid off.
According to Mr. Gompers,
Labor is not a commodity; also
several of our local Labor leaders,
tell ua from time to time that capital and Labor are co-operating
very nicely. They are, with the
mounted police in the offlng to pre
serve law and order.
Fellow workers, whose fault is
this? What have you done to improve the miserable conditions under which you live? Have you
supported the Federationist? If
one-half of the workers in Vancouver had spent $10 to make The
Federatlonist a daily, we would
have a daily paper today which
would be of inestimable value at
this time to Labor's cause. Did
you build up a powerful organization to present a united front to
your masters in troubled times?
If yOu could speak one hundred
thousand strong, your wages would
not bc bo liable to such cuts as
they are getting. No, you did none
of these things; you.were too busy
co-operating; too busy knocking
those men who tried to tell you the
truth; buying Victory Bonds, "winning the war," making the world
safe foi* democracy; now you walk
the streets in the rain or hang on
to your job in fear and trembling.
Workers, wake up; quit chasing
rainbows; get down and study, find
out the cnuse of all this. This is a
wonderful world, full of life and
all those things that make life
worth while f»r you. By studying
the reason for your present condition, you will And the remedy and
apply It and end for all time this
degradation and mesery you go
through every so often. There are
classes in this city second to none,
studying your affairs, your conditions. Were you ever seen attending any of them?
I)o you allow youi* masters to
teach you through the daily press,
your concepts of economics, of history, of sociology, of Socialism, of
Labor's struggles against capital-
Ism? Would you expect a banker
to write an article against the banking system, or a prosperous merchant to advocate the doing away
with retail stores? If you get your
ideas Worn the daily press or magazines, you are doing just that.
Workers of the world, awake,
arm yourselves with knowledge;
let the torch of truth and enlighten
ment shine in every corner. Be
men, and be free, or live in ignorance and darkness and slavery.
It's up to you, and you alone.
South Vancouver, B. C,
talned on an empty stomach.
Re necessary changes, I did say
that the workers of Canada were
not desirous of being forced to
adopt the Russian method of securing them; neither did we think It
necessary that-we should be forced
to do so, but pointed out the Russian people had no other alternative and attempted to draw a parallel from conditions existing In
France and Britain at the time bf
the revolution to show that the action of the workers would be determined almost entirely by that of
the employers, and finished by stat
Ing that in any even tho workers
would never consent to go back tb
pre-war conditions, but would do
mand something better.
In conclusion it Is a great disappointment to me to find the paper which should be looking for
every opportunity to give me encouragement and support, not doing this, but, on the contrary, tailing the first chance without even
an attempt to get the facts to do
the very opposite.
Yours truly,
Reactionary  Labor Man
Tickles Ears of Society Ladies
Woman in Audience Calls
J. P. Holland a
A Criticism
Editor B. C. Federationist: In
the issue of Jan. 21, you say Socialists have no constructive proposals to offer. Apparently you
admit they have a destructive policy; that appears to be true enough
of a certain brand of Socialists of
the little down-and-out crazy element. I was mate with one, on S.
L. P. in the hospital over 20 years
ago. He wished to see Vancouver
burn to the ground. I wish to say
here thnt the Social Democratic
Party of Vancouver did have
constructive policy, but the con-
structlonless element mixed In with
them, and broke them up. But I
fail to see any improvement over
the old S.d S. D. P..in nny way.
To advocate the taking over and
making public ownership and De
mocratic management of our ex
change system of railways, mines
and marine, etc., is surely progressive, not destructive.
It would not be good sense for
any human animal to destroy their
shelter wilfully, before they had
anothor ready to go into. When
we take everything Into .consideration, the origin tif the human race
their environment ln such a chaotic
world/with IU extreme heat and
cold, floodB and droughts, we should
be very thankful fm' the progress
we arc making.
Yours for a constructive policy,
1607 Fourth Ave. West,
Vancouver,  B.  C,
January 25, 1921.
(Note by Editor: Our reader
might Tvell read again our remarks
with respoct to constructive effort,
he would then find that we never
suggested that wealth should be
destroyed, but that capitalism must
be wiped out before constructive
efforts will be of any avail. Our
correspondent has not evidently
grasped our meaning, which is entirely different to that which he Imagines we intended to convey. Only
idiots would destroy the things thnt
are necessary for human existence,
and that is the function of the
present ruling class, not of Socialists.)
(By Nemesis)
[Note:—Undoubtedly the facts I
am about to relate will cause much
discussion ln the scientific world
now that there Is a lull in the racking of the big brains to produce
engines of wholesale slaughter and
burning gases, employed to put the
illoglcally discontented proletarians
of the earth out of their miseries:
but I must ask the. editor not to
give any of these great patriots my
private address as I feel I have
done all I can do in the stating of
the bare facts of the ense and I
may add I have no scientific theory
to acccount for them, but strongly
lean to the opinion of the used
tribe-father of whom more anon.]
AwoeUtlon,    Local    01-62—Offlee and
UU.   1S2  Cordova St.  W.    Meeta flrst
aad third   Fridays.   0   p.m.    Becretary-
rtnrer, F. Chapman;   bnalneaa   agent,
era' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Mondaya. President, J. E. Dawson, 1645 Tew
$t., Kitsllano; aeeretary, E. T. Kelly,
1160 Huting! St. E.; recording secretary,
!>. Holdsworth, 686—llth St. W., North
WORKERS  Dept,  of  the O.  B.  U.—
An Industrial union of all workers In log■
gag and construction camps. Coast Die-
let and Oeneral Headquarters, 61 Cor
dova 8t. W., Vanoouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
TIS6. t. Winch, general secretary
treasurer; legal advisers. Messrs, Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver. B. Ci auditors, Messrs. Buttar * Chiene, Vancou-
yer, B. 0.    	
Pattern   makers*   league   op
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)— Branch meets second and fourth
Mondaya, 810 Pender St. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave., North Vancouver; financial secretary, E. Goddard.
166 Richards Straet; recording secretary,
J. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P. O.,
Burnab)   B. C   ■■
Children's Suicides
en Bridgemen, Derrlckmen and Rltcgers
of Vancouver and vicinity. Meets every
Monday, 8 p-m., in O. B. U. Hall. 804
Fender St. W. Pre&ldent, T. L. Hewitt;
inanclal secretary and business agent, E.
Borne. Phoae, Beymour 2C).
Meets last Sunday of etch month at
I p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
president, 0. H. Collier; aecretarytreaa-
Ter, R. H. Neelands. Bor 66.
Employees, Pioneer Dlvlsiin, No- 101
—Meeta A. O. V. Hall, Mount Pleasant
Iat and Srd Mondays at 10.lt am. and i
p.m.    Pnaldent,   R.   Rigby,   recording
Ecrotary, P. E. OrMa, 4*7—«th Avenua
iat; treuurer, F. (sidaway: *S«elal
secretary and buelnesa agent, W. H. Cot
troll, 4808 Dumfries Street; otflee corner
Frtor and Mala Sts. Phone Fair. 660* R
Unemployment Wave
Editor B.  C.  Federatlonist:  Labor   unions,   unemployed;   and   in
fact all organizations who are affected   by  this  present  unemployment  wave thnt is sweeping this
prosperous"   Canada,   could   take
leaf from Labor's book  in' the
Old Country, and use it with benefit in this country.
Here, in thia part of the British
Empire, wherein conditions are
looked upon by thc worker in the
old land as far in advunce of his
lot here; where there is but a
mere fraction of the popluatlon of
the British Isles; what do we find?
We And that the unemployed are
apparently willing to accept any
treatment meted out to them, accepting with a servile thankfulness
the despicable dole such us they
are at present receiving.
In the old country the unemployed are demanding unemployment wages; while in tbis country
.the unemployed are craving for,
and receiving charity, tn the form
of tickets, with which they advertise to the public their degradating
They say "a worm will turn," apparently we are something lower
than a worm.
According to the Province, the
national executive of the Labor
Party passed a resolution to be
submitted to the government asking that forty shillinnH per week'
be paid to each man and twenty-
five shillings to each woman, with
additional allowances for dependents. Has there been a similar
resolution even mentioned In this
T. F. Af.
(By Anise,  Federated  Press Staff
Journeymen tailors'  union of
America, Local No. 178—Meetings held
irst Monday ln eaoh month, 8 p.m. Presidont, A, R. Oatenby; vice-president, D.
lawson; recording secretary, C McDonald, P. 0. Box 60S; financial secretary, T. Templeton, P. O. Boi 503.
of the 0. B. U, meets on the first and
third Wednesday of every month. All
members ln this district ara Invited te
Provincial Unions
ud   Labor   Conncil—Meets   flrst   and
81rd Wedneadaya, Knlghu of tjtUaa
all, North Park Street, st 8 p.m. President, A. C. Pike; vico-presldent, C E.
Copeland; secretary-treasurer, E. H.
Woodward, P. 0. Bp« 802, Victoria, B.C
pbikoe rupert, b. 0.  __
Prince rupebt trades and la-
bor Counoll—Meets aecond and fourtt
Tnasdays of each month, In Carpentera*
Hall, Trepidant, B. D, McDonald j viot-
arwldnt, A. Ellis: secretary. Oeo. Wad-
dell, Box 278, Prince lapert, B. 0.
Alderman Scrlhbcns Explalna
Editor B. C Federationist; Sir-
Re your editorial of the 20th inst.
ln regard to my remarks at the
mayor's luncheon, I am of the opln
ion that you should have taKfti
ateps to verify the report of same
before undertaking to write an editorial. You have constantly crltl
cised the other papers for printing
biased and unfair reports, and also
JuBt as constantly pointed out to
your readers that they Bhould accept nothing they print aa true,
yet you yourself accepted a report
without any attempt to check same,
when all you had to do to find ont
the truth was to telephone me or
any one else that was present, in
regard to my contradicting report.
I never aaw it until I read It in (he
"Fed." and you will admit I lost
no time then.
Now, ln regard to what I did say
re unemployment, I pointed out.
that this was a social disease; that
In Canada there was no need for
it to exiBt If the workers wefe given
free access to the natural resources
of the country; that an unemp'oyed
man waB an economic waste; also
that the people deteriorated physl
cally, mentally and morally ae a
result of unemployment, and that
a moral code could not be main-
It Is reported
By the Snve-a-Life League
That over 200 children
In the U. S. A.
Committed SUICIDE
In the past six months.
Ifs many MORE, they say,
Than any year before
88   boys,
And 137 girls,
Alt neatly tabulated
An you soe,
With sex and age
Averaged up!
The average ago of boya
Is sixteen years;
Thc average age of GIRLS
Is fifteen only;
The girls take POISON,
The boys use^a GUN—
And there were fifty MORE
In there six months
Than were reported
For thc year before!
Are they all laid out
In chilling type,
Yet every one
Of nil those CASES
Was a young, young SOUL
That should have bcen happy
With marbles or ball
Or dolls;
That should have bcen roaming
The woods and  the  waters
Exulting In the sunlight
and the STORM;
That should  have   bcen  thrilled
with the NEWNESS
Of a life OUTWORN!
And 1 looked to see
WHAT the report
To stop these children's deaths.
HOW would they try
To make life seem
WORTH living,—
Would they give the fathers
More wages,
Or more TIME at homa
With their children;
Would they give the mothers
Better training;
Would they settle the queitlon?
And I read: "These terrible facts
Urgently call
For strictly enforced LAWS
To SUPPRESS the sale
Somehow It seemed
A rather mean trick
JUST to take away
The guns and poisons,
JUST to block tho way
OUT of living,
When lt ought to be so easy
WANT to live!
(By Helen Augur, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
New York—In a ballroom hung
with crystal lamps the National
Civic Federatoin has opened a re
crultlng station for war against So-
viet Russia.
Five hundred recruits answered
the call of the Federation to come
and be' filled again with hatred
against Russia and the ideals she
is trying to work out. Unlike the
hungry recruits who are sneaking
into the army because there are no
jobs, no beds, no food, and no hope
waiting elsewhere, the ladles and
gentlemen who strolled or waddled into the ballroom at the Astor came because they had nothing
else to occupy the afternoon.
Ralph Easley, chairman of the
executive council of the Federation, and self-appointed bulwark
of the existing system against trade
unionism, new idoas or education,
found tt easy to amuse his audience
Ho gave them a satisfying list of
speakers, beginning with William
C. Redflold, former secretary of
commerce, and ending with James
P. Holland, president of the State
Federation of Labor, who was
never known to make an inappropriate remark in such a gathering.
In spite of the Federation literature which the audience had been
receiving for yours, and the newspapers which tliry doubtless read
dally, It was still possible to elicit
warm applause by the simple device of calling Soviet Russia "a
band of brigands," "rapers," "counterfeiters," "cutthroats" and "receivers of stolen goods."
A high moral tone was lent the
gathering by the presence of Em-
meline Pankhurst, veteran suffix
gist of England. ' The audienoe had
heard it whispered that she hi*d
been sent to America by Lloyd
George to help recruit a nejw In*-
ternatlonal army to be thrown
against Soviet Russia in the spring.
She used hor time in urging the
women, now that they hnv/e the
vote, and especially since they have
leisure "due to the men," to onljst
In tho r.rray (igalnst Russia and
thc Ideas of Lnbor, and "save this
Christian civilisation." .,   , ,-
Redfield flattered his audience
by telling them a little story which
ho believed had never beep (old
outside the walls of the administration. He was reminded of it, he
said, by the amount (if platinum
Jewelry which the ladies wero
"During thc war," he snid, "we
were greatly ln need of platinum in
this country. In fact, we were so
put to it that wc had to send several agents to RuBsia disguised as
Red Cross officers. One of them
managed to escape with 100,000
ounces. They got safely across
Europe ond home, where we quickly relieved them of their precious
Immediately thereafter he aald
in a furious tone.
'Those dishonorable thieves in
Russia nre sending thcir agents
across Europe, with messages to
the I. W. W. and the Communists
ln this country. Some of them I
am glad to Bay, were caught and
Bhot in Europe."
Conde B. Pallen,, chairman of
the department of Study of Revo
lutlonary Movements, then rose to
Instruct his audienco in the rudi
ments of revolutionary philosophy.
"The   SovleU'  said   he,   "means
Langataffe, Ont—Lanistaffe public school, founded 110 years afo
aa one of the flrat educational Institutions built by public funds, has
one man and two women on <
achool board, The women hold :
official position*
the disintegration of our western
civilisation. Marx and Engle openly declared that bourgeois moral
■standards meant nothing to them.
'Property is theft,' says Marx and
Engels. Lenin and Trotsky are
true to this rule.
family is the root if private ppnp-
"Marx and Engels say that the
erty. Therefore the Bolsheviks
have abolished the family. Filthy
"The hope of killing Bolshevism
is through the Russian peasant."
And then, in a burst of candor,
"If we recognize Russia, we might
as well throw up our hands and.
Throughout the discussion there
were uneasy and Indignant references to two groups—the business
men who want to trade with Rub-
sia, and the trade union men who
want Jobs on contracts from Russia. There was also reference to
Ludwig Martens, with tenrifylng
mention of the proximity.of his
trade bureau to the comfortable
ball room.
Then James P. Holland mounted
the platform. He, an officer of the
Civic Federation aud likewise of
the A. F. of L., waB empowered,to
speak for Labor. .Ai,.
Charming the polite ear* of his
audience with a near-proletarian
manner of speech, Holland said:
"I want to say that circulars are
going around saying that organized
Labor wants trade with Russia.
Well, the people that wants trado
with Russia were opposed lo this
government during the war,, They
want a government here Ilka Russia. If they don't like this great
free government, let them go back,
etc. The best thing for you people
to do is to atop feeding tea In your
parlors to the long-haired fellows
and the short-haired women, the
Parior-BolshevlkB. It's these long-
hairs and short-hairs that ara trying to upset our government. Stop
the parlor parties, and you won't
have any trouble.
"I want to say that organized
Labor doesn't want to recognize
Soviet Russia, At the last meeting
of the Central Trades and Labor
Council of Greater New York, the
fellows absolutely voted down any
and all propositions to recognize
Soviet Ruuia."
Baok in the room a woman rose.
"You're a traitor to Labor," she
-?id. "The Counoll voted fer trade
vlth Russia."
Hoars, hisses.   Holland, still oen-
using the Issue tot the comfort of
E all know that atavism
means a recurrence of some
physical, moral or1 mental
stute once possessed by the remote
ancestors of an organism but
which has disappeared in the process of evolution; and ns under our
beneficent social system the human
race has grown so physically, morally and mentally perfect a case of
atavism occurring in a human being Is generally regarded as disastrous to tht: individual concerned.
And sometimes it is, but that depends.
There is no word as far ai 1
know to express the opposite of
atavism that is a throwing forward of any individual to some
distant, future poriod in the history
of his race; although we occasionally hear of men who are said to
be born before their, time; but that
is said only in cases of men who
have dared to question tho established and recognized morality of
their masters in vogue at U.q t!me,
which aa you know Is very wrong
and has been termed blasphemous
or seditious and very properly, of
course, has heavy penalties attaching to It.
J am about to put on reiord a
cose of the opposite of uta. uni, of
an anticipation, ns it were, of our
cultured altruistic life In lho dim
and hitherto unrecorded past.
About 10,000 years before Christ,
when,.I am led to believe, Vancouver waa yet among the wonderful
things in the womb of the Cosmic
scheme and the Lions stood lu their
pristine majesty much as thoy do
today, there lived a race of primitive people in onc of the vaiteyi
which discharges Its waters on the
m rth shore of our inlet.
This tribe of people 1l»od the
s'u plest and rudest of llvoi., Their
diet consisted of the flesh -if wild
animals, to catch which they often
had to mako long Journeys, and of
the wild fruits which grew in the
forests around. In winter they
wrappod themselves in the furs of
animals; in summer they clothed
themselves more scantily, almost as
scantily indeed as our modem ballroom belles, In a coarse material
which the women plaited from the
fibres of forest plants. Their habitations were mere huts constructed
with thc branches of trees, the crevices beinjx filled ln with clay.
The products of the cha-ie and
the stores of wild fruits were
brought in and distributed equally
among ull, as were all the things
they produced and used ln their
simple! primitive lives. Often they
felt the keen pangs of hunger when
for &'. me reason their hunters failed to bring back a sufficiency of
food, and they often shivered in
the seasons when the skins were
scarce. Except for occasional
deaths, and accidents to individual
members of thetr tribe, and now
and again an unusually fierce storm
of wind or rain or periods of excessive heat or cold, their llvoi ran
on tn an uneventful and monotonous channel and they wero con*
But an event was to occur
whicli threw their simple lives into
an uproar of angry resentment, the
tradition of which was passed
down from generation to generation till the tribe itself ceased to
One bright cold day in winter
some fifty of the tribo were assembled in a large log hut-which stood
in the centre of the village. The
season was severe and skina were
scarce, but they were discussing
one of their number whose vagaries
had drawn the attention of his
fellows to himself, a circumstance
not altogether unknown in our own
bright day of big business and contentment,
The chief, an imposing figure, sat
on a rough seat of boughs and the
others squatted ln a large circle
around him. It appears that one
of their number for a long time
previously had been acting in a
very unconventional manner. He
had absented himself for weeks
and months at a time, appearing
only at intervals to beg food and
skins, although he was a noted
hunter of the tribe and for a long
time he had contributed nothing to
the general fund.
Soon a silence as of expectancy
fell upon the group amid which tha
chief rose and held up his hand
as a young bravo of the trib'e
quickly entered and approached
"Spoak, brother," Baid the chief,
as the young man stood silently
before him.
I have seen the lair ln whloh
our brother hides, for I didst follow In his steps as thou didst command."
'Lead us thither," said the
The young man left the hut, followed by the chief and the others.
In single file, grave and silent, they
his wealthy friends, bellowed to
friends placed according to his
praotioe among the audienoe.
"Steve Kelly, delegate from the
Allied Printing Trades Couneil,
did we or did we not vote to recognize Soviet Russia?"
"We did not," said his friend In
a loud voice.
The formula waa thrice repeated. The answer came loud and
defiant, The audience breathed
A moment later Holland shouldered his way down the aisle, his
day's work fer Lnbor over. Ladles
rose as he passed and pressed his
hand as they would press the hand
of a policeman wbo had s»ved
their lap-dog from death under a
The oonvention turned to p
resolutions calling en the Republican administration te  resist the
cry of business men and Labor for
trade wltb the Republic ol Ruseia.
followed. He led them along
winding forest trails, acroBs
boulder-strewn wastes, through
deep ravines, upwards always, till,
after the sun had well passed its
zenith, he turned Into a narrow
valley along which he picked his
way among huge rocks till he
came to where a group of stunted
firs hid the face of a perpendicular
rock some fifty feet above them.
He stopped and pointed tb it,
saying simply, "It is there." Silently they climbed up the steep ascent and, passing through the firs,
found themselves at the entrance
of a cave. The chief entered first,
followed by the others. They stood
for some time in mute astonish*
ment at what they saw.
The place might have been some
piles of skins, comprising many
hundreds; on the other many
bodies of animals, some of which
were in a high state of decomposition. At the far end there
was also a large store of nuts and
soft fruits piled ln one heterogenous mass aa If they had been
thrown there as they were collected.
Against one of the heaps of furs
reclined the member of the tribe
they had come to flnd, and he was
regarding them with a look of apprehension.
The chief broke the silence,
"Bind him," And he was soon
securely tied up with thongs.
Late in the afternoon of the next
day the party re-entered the village with their prisoner, and all
the furs they had found in the
cave they heaped up Into one big
pile and.soon the whole tribe had
gathered to the scene.
The chief after commanding silence, briefly related the events as
they had occurred, and fierce cries
of "Kill him," arose when he hud
A sharp order was given and the
cowering wretch was tied to a
near-by tree.
Undoubtedly the execution
would have been sharp and sudden had not an unexpected Interruption occurred. A great cry of
"astonishment went up aa a bent
and feeble figure, supported by two
women, came upon the scene. It
was the tribe-father. The women
led him to the chief, who bowed
low before him. He was Indescribably decrepit and bent almost
double. His skin was aB wrinkled
as a dried prune and almost aa
dark, and his eyes were sunk very
deep In his hoad. He was wrapped
ln several skins. His age was said
to be 3000 moons, or over 200
years, as we should express it. The
oldest men of the tribe, aa children, remembered him much aa he
was then, and they regarded him
as the founder and father of the
The astonishment was supreme
for the tribe-father had not been
seen outside his tent for a decade
or more. A deep silence of respect and awe fell for some moments upon them, which was
broken by the feeble yet quite
audible voice of the tribe-father
himself. Not the slightest sound
or movement was made as they
listened to his words.
"O! great chief, your tribe-
father has made an effort to come
to your council for the flrst time
since many moons for the occasion
demands it.
The great Bpirit imparts his secrets to the aged, whose inner vision is keener than those in whom
the hot blood runs. Many times has
the great spirit whispered into mine
aged ears and many things have
been made clear to mine eyes.
The life of man is but as the
snowflake that falls upon the running stream. It disappears into the
darkness of time's swift river and
is, as if it had never been. A curtain falls over the past; the present moment is but dimly lit and
the future looms black before us.
Yet to the aged Inner eyes of
the tribe-father muoh is revealed
1 say to you Ol Chief, stay the
hands of your angry braves ere
they cleave the skull of our unfortunate brother who surely haa
gravely sinned against you. He is
a darkened vessel. Some spirit bf
evil has clouded that which con
tains the light within him and he Is
not as his brothers are. Otherwise
O ohlef, would he gather together
more of the things we need than
he can ever consume and pile them
up away from his bellows who need
them, seeing that our lives are but
as passing shadows in their duration?
In the darkness of his soul he
has surely sinned against you but
lt is surely the darkness which has
caused it. The inward light has
failed him and he Is an outcast
among his fellows.
But, O ohlef there is no punishment in killing. Death Is merely
the dropping of the curtain; the
end of man's sorrows and the passing of his tribulations. It is rest.
He must be punished. Drive him,
from his habitation; eaat him out
from all communion with hia fellows for hts darkness may pass to
others and cloud their vision. Cast
him forth now for his insane greed
and selfishness has rendered him
unfit tosdwell among you."
Here Ahe aged tribe-father paused and with an effort straightened
himself up and raising one shrivelled hand above his head continued:
"The light within me makes clear
to me the future. I see many things
and muoh sorrow, t see a great
white people whose numbers are
as the leaves of the forest, and
who travel for many moons over
the deep waters to procure the
skins and the fruits of the earth;
and lo! many of them are filled
with our brothers' darkness for
they pile up their possessions ln
heaps too big for them to conaume
even lf they had many lives to live,
while their brothers and their brothers' ohlldren wither and die for
tbe want of them. They hear not
the children's cries neither do they
hear the angry mutterlnge of their
They pass their fleeting lives as
did our afflicted brother and darkness envelopes them. They have no
Inner vision for they see only and
seek only the material things
around them and are concerned
merely with the grosser sensations
of the flash. For then life has no
deeper meaning; they are as the
beasts of the forest.
The sun rises and circles through
tbe sky, but to them lt has no significance; ibe night enfolds them,
but ther feel not Its solace. Tbey
Defies Western Powers in
Making Friends With
Siberian Govt
(By Philip Salter, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Peking—The prospects of China's
recognizing the reconstituted Siber
Ian government increase steadily
W. W. Yen, foreign minister, open
ly advocates such action. So do
most of the other members of the
cabinet. The French government
has protested but unofficial negotiations continue nevertheless.
I, L. Yourln, head of the Siberian Mission to China, which has
been here for some months patiently waiting for an opening, has sent
a formal communication to the
Chinese government laying down a
basis for the resumption of relations. In It he formally asserts the
willingness of the Siberian government to re-examine the treaties existing between Russia and China
and redress China's recognized
grievances. Czarist Bussia, lt will
be remembered, ' compelled China
to sign treaties yielding territory,
economle privileges, concessions
and sovereign rlghta.
"All privileges which contain no
element of reciprocity must be
eliminated from those treaties,"'
says Ur. Yourln's note.   It ls the
are dead In the darkness of their
obsession. , ,
Lot I aee the black storm clouds
which gather thickly around them
and woe shall be their portion.
The tribe-father haB spoken."
The women led him away
through the crowd, who bowed
their heads reverently as he passed.
Then they untied their prisoner
and in scathing words the chief ad.
dressed him and with blows they
drove him from their midst to live
his Ufe as he deserved—an outcast
from humanity.
FRIDAY..... January 28, 1921
western power haa talked to China
in that way. And the Chinese are
Moreover, the Chinese fail to see
why they should not at leaBt negotiate, in spite of the unfriendly
attitude of the other powers toward
such negotiations. China's exports
to Russia before the war equalled
$76,000,000, chiefly to Siberia. And
diplomatically, with Japan stretching forward into Siberia and into
that whole region that must' re*
main dubious until the relations
between China and the new Russia
are settled, it is a vital matter to
China. The other powers, all bu(
one of whom — America — wei'e
themselves plunderers, demur.
In the meantime China has flatly
defied the western powers on the
Issue raised by her withdrawal of
recognition from the Czarist minister nnd her taking over of Russian concessions in Hankow, Tientsin and Harbin. The powers protested China's action, the whole
diplomatic corps uniting.
The rest of the matter appears
to be extra-terrltorialty, the right
of the foreign powers to establish
their own courts in China through
their consulates. By withdrawing
recognition from Russian consulates China of course, for the time
at least, cancels the Russian right
of extra-terrltorlality. It ls against
this that the powers have protested principally, But as the Chinese
have answered that, that is a matter which concerns Russia and
China alone. So far as the rights
of other nationals ln the former
Russian concessions are concerned,
China promises to observe them.
The signlflcant fact ls that with
all the vaunted friendship for China, the powers Jump as one to prevent China from getting back what
ahe lost through others' aggression,
and do so as Csarlet Russia's defenders. Whether they would do so
had the anti-Imperialist Siberian
government or the Moscow government been in charge of the legation
and consulates In China is another
question. For It must not be forgotten that so long as he Czaribt
minister and consuls were In charge
of Russian diplomatic machinery,
China was a base for the operations
of the counter-revolutionaries and
the monarchists.
Oive a Uttle encouragement to
our advertisers.
Machinery unnecessary. Our guaranteed formulas start
you in business.   Tou can make anything.
Dept. 0
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
mu orden ponoDiliy •needed to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks uid Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
SuccMiori to H. VOS * SON
Nnt Door to Loggeri1 Hall
Phone Seymonr 556 Repair. Done While Yon Wall
Pnih Ont Rowan, Funeral Dttffns, Weaning Bonqnats, Pot Plant.
Ornamental ud Shade Tree* Seedi, Bulla, rierliti' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
tt Hutiagi Stnet Ban 728 OranviUe
Sermonr 181-671 Seymonr 8518
Por Unity Ton we tare lnu* me Union sump let ih uiider mr
on stamp nnroua:
rueful O.U.ctln Buftlalag
rwbldi Both Strlk.. ud iMkoati
DlipuU. S.tMld by AiMtnU.ii
Study XBployB.it ud SUUid WotkmMlMp
Prompt D.Uwl.1 to Dulon ud Public
P..c. ud Soce.ll to W.rk.ri ud Employtn
Prosperity of Iboo Ihklni OommunlUei
At loyal intoa non ud woven, wo ilk
Sia to demud ehool bearing   tbe   ebon
■lon Stamp on Solo, Xuolo or Lining.
Oollii Lo.oly, Oonenl Pruldent.   Obuloe li. lolno, Bonertl Sec.-Truo.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Bveryon. knows that oheap goods oan only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing cheap lsbor.
ia produced from the highest grade materials proourablt
i—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
thirteenth ybab. no. «  THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vanoouver, a e •
Your Promise
to Pay Is Good
Enough for Us.
7th Annual
Clearance Sale
0_Z down nnd $3 per week
T** takM any men'a or ladles' suit priced up to 140.
<tC down ana tl per week
****** takes any ladles' coat
or men's overcoat up to the
value of $40.
down and 12.50 per week buys ANT LADIES' OR
MEN'S SUIT up to tha value of .60.
Wo Lead—Others Follow"
t. homu atf        " mt*_n*i- mw
con. HoneJt aw
Friday, February Jt, Cotillion
Hall, masquerade daii'o will bt
hsld in aid of the F. L. P. Hall
i'und. Fanoy dress optional, Tiok-
eat: gents, 50c; ladies, 26o. Can
be obtained at the theatre Sunday.
All workers should support this
effort to liquidate the debt on tbe
Special general meeting held on
Tuesday evening at the rooms to
discuss re-organliation of the party,
A new executive waa formed and
the    following    are    the    officers
named; Chairman, Mr. Tom Richardson; vice-chairman, Mrs. Corse;
recording secretary, Mr. Bennett;
along with a representative from
each of the following: Junior Labor League; Sunday School, Women's committee, and ono from
each organized district The membership fee was fixed at $3.00 pel*
year from a member to include
the wife, payable by ^monthly Installments of 26c per month.
tome and hear J. S. Woodsworth
Bunda. 8 p.m., Columbia Theatre.
Patronize Federationist Advertisers!
Ben They An, Indexed foi Ton
Mt. Unloa Han, Ont Ihis Ont ana Olve It to Tont WU*
Lovo it Co 570 Seymour Street
Tisdalls limited  r.	
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms) ..............
...818 Hastings Btreet West
 .Hastings Street Eut
Boots and Shoes
Johnston's Big Shoe House	
■    Pierre Paris.;.
.409 Hastings W.
...M Hastings Btreet West
MnoLachlan-Taylor Company 6! Cordova Street West
Cornell Bros. _ Clarke 56 Hastings Stroot West
Boot and Shoe Repairing:
Pierre Paria .._ „ 64 Hastlnga Street West
Mew Method Shoe Repairing __ „ 337 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streeta
China and Toys    	
Millar A Coo 419 Hastings Stroet West
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers
Dr. Wlllard Coates :-. 30-32 Burns Bldg., 18 Hastings Street West
Downle Sanitarium, Ltd.  15th Floor Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder 74 Fairfield Building
Dr. H. Walton 310-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
Arnold A Quigley ISM Qranvllle Street
Clumans, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb A Stowart .. : .80J-315 Hastinga Street West
B. 0. Outfitting Co . 342 Hastings Btreet West
B. C. Tailoring Co „  348 Hastings East
Wm. Dick Ltd   33-49 Hastinga Street East
«««««« ******    «    ****** ******   j'iww* '   -    ******
VI.—The Two Revolutions
l'hoi. Foster A Co., Ltd...
.. W. Foster ll Co., Ltd...
J. N. Harvey Ltd.-,
C. D. Bruce...
...Sit OranviUe Street
.345 Hastings Btroct West
New Tork Outfitting Co...
ft'. B. Brumitt	
D. - Book :	
 125 Hastings West and Vietoria, B. 0.
..ifl Hastings Street West
..143 Hastings Btreet West
-Cordova Btreet
 _ 117 Hastings Btreet West
Thomas & McBain _..,..;.,. 655 Granville Street
Seven Little Tailors 336 Carrall street
Kirk * Co, Ltd uJ. :*..M2. Main St., Beymour 1441 and 465
Dancing: Lessons
Pender HaU ~ Corner of Pender and Howe Streeta
W, B. Ferrii Dancing School  «  .Cotillion Hall
Dr. Brett Anderson *. 602 Haatings West
Or. Gordon Campbell  805 OranviUe Street
Dr. W. J. Curry-. ^ .'  .301 Dominion Building
Britannia Beer...
-..Westminster Brewery Co.
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
_..*..... ....Ciders nnd wines
Caaeade Beer.............  	
Van Bros. ««	
Vancouver Drag Ca   Any of their six storei
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak * Suit Co , 623 Hastings Street West
Lasalle Extension University  701 Standard Bank Bldg.
B. C, School ot Pharmacy and Science 615 Pender West
Brown Bros. ft Co. Ltd —...48 Hastings East and 728 Oranvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
 2398 Oranvllle Street
Harron Bros. ......
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co 233 Klngsway
Nunn und "Jhomson 531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co....—, — .41 Hastings Streot West
Ballard Furniture Store   1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company -r 416 Main Street
"Slaters" (three stores).-— -Hastinga, OranviUe and Main Streets
Vanoouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Calhoun's, Ltd. _ » 61 Hastlnga Street Eaat
O. B. Allan .., 480 Oranvllle Street
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F. Eby, B.A., M.B 099 Broadway West
Overalls and Shirts
''Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, & G.)
Printers and Engravers
r- wan ft Brookhouse «  „.„.....-....—.. Labor Templt
i .olland-Dibble-.... - -»«   -Towor Building
Taxi Service
: Lun!o|g Steam Taxi Co.. 334 Abbott Street
Theatres and Movies
press  Orpheum     m      Pant' SOB
(From the London Nation)
(Hi N. Brallaford, ln th'a New
WHEN I returned, from Russia,
I noticed .that tha Questions
ol my friends were framed on
two distinct models. Some would
open our first conversation with tbe
query, "Well, must we go and do
likewise?" Othera would Inquire,
"Will the Bolshelks survive?" The
two typea of question reveal very
distinct lines of approach to the
Russian problem, and- tbe time has
come to sum up my answers. The
former question waa rarely present
Lo my own thoughts. On my read'
ing of history, volition and choice
pli\y a comparatively small part ln
the muking of revolutions. If ever
a day should come when, tbe British Empire lies ln ruins; lf our
fleets have been shattered, without
the glory even of a great defenoe;
lf rulers and statesmen have been
overwhelmed by scandal and
shame; lf working man and women
must take their stand ln the bread
queues at midnight, to seoure the
bare chance of receiving a loaf for
the next day's bi'eakfaat, then Indeed, the question, whether we
shall make a revolution, will be
urgent and actual. But ln that day
It will matter., little how we answer It. The agitator Who desires
revolution will be a passive thing
borne along by the flood, and the
phHosopher who would withstand
lt, a bubble on lta froth. Until a
state begins to near these conditions of moral and economio collapse, to discuss the gains and
losses of revolution Is an academic
exercise, and to preach lt; Is to
waste one's labor, if It ba nothing
worse. ' '  ■
WUl tho Russian Revolution
, The Russians, themselves, hardly realize how peculiar were the
conditions ln which their revolution succeeded. The industrial
population helped them, because lt
was starving. The peasants helped
them because they wanted land.
The army helped them, because It
was defeated, and war-weary. Even
In Central Europe, where there is
the same semi-starvation, and the
same psychology of defeat, I Incline to think the success of a social revolution-unlikely,-firstly, because a mercenary army has been
substituted for'the-nation-in arms,
and secondly, because the peasantry
is law-abiding!. . Even-, when, as in
Italy, both.; moral ■ and - economic
conditions favor revolution, It is
barely thinkable, for the obvious
reason that Italy would go under
In two or three months for lack of
coa0and corn. One might go, on
accumulating circumstances whtch
destroy any possible parallel. What
comparison can there be, between
tho mentality of the unlettered
Russiun peasant, himself the son
or grandson of a serf, hla mind a
cultural blank Into which any pro
paganda may be poured, and the
English workman whose family
traditions, and habits of thought
have boen flxed ln ehurch and state
by three centuries of liberal teaching?
The man who would base his tactics in America, England or France
on Russian experience, must be in
nocent alike of history, economics
and geography. If a break ever
comes ln our smooth constitutional
development, then, it seems to me,
we should do well to think out our
own problems entirely afresh. The
Russian parallel is so peculiar, that
any attempt to model ourselves
upon It, could only mislead.
"It Isn't Our Moscow"
The Communist Revolution ln
Russia waa, to my thinking, the
desperate effort of S society in the
lost stages of dissolution and despair, to reconstruct itself upon a
new foundation. Its motive force
was a social instinct of self-preservation, which asserted itself with
growing strength, as the early
prin.se of wreckage and struggle
was outlived. How near this misgoverned Russian society was to
despair, even before the war had
shattered the autocracy, I was always learning from the acquaintances that I made. An able man,
by profession an historian, told me
of an experience In Moscow towards the end of 1914. A hired,
hooligan, "Truly Russinn" mob
had set Ore to the shops and houses
of German residents, and the conflagration threatened to spread.
He appealed to some genuine workmen in the street to Join him in
helping to put it out. "It will burn
down our Moscow,", he said to
them. "It Isn't our Moscow," was
the answer, and the men watched
the flames, motionless and indifferent to the danger. A little later,
he was travelling in the country,
and tried to raise the peasants to a
patriotic sense of tbe issues of
war. Again and a.gain, and in
different places, he received much
tho same anBwer: "The Czar may
bo a good man; we don't know
him. But the men round him are
corrupt and worthless, As for the
Germans, we have all Men them
at work. They are> orderly, Industrious and honest. > Pttrhapa It
wouldn't be a bad'thing, If they
should come here and-clean things
up for us." That was before the
period of defeat, nnd it shows the
Russian apathy, the lack of confidence, the absence of any sense
that one's country la one's own.
Tho Inevitable Revolution
With the winter of 1916-1917,
the economlo collapse had set in.
Transport was already breaking
down, and as the railways fallod to
carry food to the towns, that aoml-
starvation began, which has continued over since. Nor was it patiently borne. The speculators
rioted ln luxury, arjd in the gray
dawn the weary workmen in the
bread queues saw the insolence of
the rich returning from their balls.
The blockade (at this stage a German blockade) was already doing
Its work, atid nails, screws, saws
and farmers' tools were becoming
scarce, dear and even unobtainable. Industry was disorganized,
becnuse the cry of "all for the
war" had converted It to munition
work with a recklessness which
other belligerents, with greater resources, avoided. The ruin which
has made Petrograd a city of the
dead, luid already gone far, for If
had ceased to be a port, and Us
normal supplies of sea-borne ooal
and cotton were cut off. Tha downward rush of the rouble on the exchange had set In* while the mark
was still a valuable coin. When
to these material conditions were
added the shame of defeat, the demoralization of the army, and the
sickening scandal of tha court, revolution and even social revolution
became Inevitable.
Everything in history, the reader
may retort, Is inevitable; but let ua,
for argument's sake, vary the accidental factors. If the Allies had
not driven Russia Into the disastrous offensive of July, If Kerensky had been a stronger, or Lenin
a more scrupulous man, were sooial revolution and civil war really."Inevitable?" I think they were,
and I believe that they were latent
in the agrarian position, apart altogether from the folly of the Allies, tbe weakness of Kerensky, and
the violence of Lenin, The peasant masses were bent on owning
the land, and enlarging, their .miserable holdings, They had shown
this clearly In 1905, and under Kerensky they had already begun in
some places to drive unpopular
landlords out. AU the parties of
the left .were pledged to tha immediate nationalization of the land,
and all of them refused even to
consider the question of compensation for the owners. /
Tho Figlit for the Land
I often wonder whether Allied
statesmen, aoldlera and edit on
who conspire ln Paris and London
with Social Revolutionaries, and
talk of Mensheviks as respectable
moderates, realize that neither of
these parties had in their programs
their speeches .their preaa or their
drafts of legislation, a whit mora
respect for the sanctity of private
property, at all events in land,'
than the Bolsheviks themselves,
Indeed the agrarian law whloh
they enforced, had actually been
drafted by the Sooial Revolutionary Centre leader, Victor Tcher-
noff, and was rapidly passed by the
Constituent' Assembly during ' Its
few houra of life. Now In Russia
the only property which matters
much. Is land, and to dlsposses the
landlord class uncompensated was
ln Itself to make a revolution. If
Lenin had behaved with the utmost
constitutional propriety, . Rusaia
would none the less have been by
the early months of 1918 in the
full tide of agrarian revolution.
But, at least, the reader may object, violence would have been
avoided. Violence also was inevitable. The Kolchaks and the
Wi'angels, be It remembered, were
very much alive at this date. The
first of them, Kornlloff, had preceded Lenin ln his attempt at a
coup d' etat. Conceive the incidents that must have followed the
sudden application of this sweeping law ln an anarchic country—
and Russia was much more disorderly, much less policed under
Kerensky, than it ls today. There
would have been the same jacquerie, and the same flight of a desperate, penniless landed class to
the towns. Would Kolchak, who
dissolved the remains of the Constituent Assembly In Siberia, and
shot several of its members, have
hesitated to do as much ln Russia?
The dispossessed aristocracy would
have fought Kerensky as gladly aa
It fought Lentn. It did not flght
for democracy.- It fought for land,
"Granted so much," the 'reader
may go on, "but at least Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries
would not have laid their hands
on Russian Industry, as the Bolsheviks did, and the present economic ruin would have been avoided." Even that « doubtful, for in
the cities the workmon had created
their factory committees, and were
struggling for control, long before
the October revolution. The Mensheviks accept in principle the doctrine of the proletarian dictatorship, I fail to see how any professedly Socialist Party could nationalize land, and still treat private property in factories as sacred.
On that issue the Social Revolutionaries, the biggest party in" the
Assembly, would probably have
split, ns thoy have since done, Into
three Irreconcilable factions, the
left virtually Communist, and the
right practically Liberal.
But once mure, the decay of industry was a fatal consequence of
the agrarian policy., The most obvious and grievous cause of the
breakdown in Russia today ls the
shortage of labor, even more than
the lack of fuel or raw materials.
Mobilization for the civil and Polish win's Is partly to blame, but
the chief cause of it ls that the
Industrial workmen huve gone
home to their villages. Why? The
usual answer is that only ln the
villages is there plenty of food.
That la only part of the truth, and
lt Is a consequence of a more important fact. The other half of
the answer is that the Russian industrial worker is not by choice, or
ancestry, or long habit a townsman. He prefers village life. He
never relinquished his claim to the
patch of land on which he had
failed to live. The moment that
the revolution promised him an
enlarged holding on which he could
live, he began to quit his slums
and his barrack dwellings, to return to the land.
Russian industry had existed on
the basis of the penury of village
life. It was the exactions of landlord and tax-gatherer1 and the scarcity of land which drove tho surplus peasant population Into the
towns. The factory was bound to
feel tho effects of the revolution in
the village, If no one had talked
"Dictatorship," If no onc had expropriated the factory ownors, the
main economic phenomena of today would still have been apparent. There would have boen the
same diminished output from the
towns, and the same reulctance of
the peasants to give something for
nothing. Freed from their tribute
to the towns, or'to tho class which
gravitates to the towns, they would
have been no less reluctant to sell
good food for bad paper.
Exactly the same phenomenon
may be studied ln Central Europe.
The surplus food would have gone
abroad, and tho Russian towns
would have found their condition
of semi-famine only aggravated.
Russia would have become a colony exporting food and raw ma-
trials, and Importing from the
west tho things which its industry
could no longer produce.    Russian
Industry was Always an artificial
creation, fenced by high tariffs,
located in the moat absurd places
far from tbe sources of fuel and
materials, and suiMvlng only because the landless peasantry gave
\t nb( Inexhaustible supply of cheap
labor. The agrarian' revolution
struck at its roots.
Early Communist Advantages
Thla strange chapter of the Russian Revolution, as lt unfolds itself
to mt, Is than ths story of an inevitable agrarian upheaval, with a
no less Inevitable civil war and the
decline of lndustfr as its sequela.
My firm belief Is that under Communist rule the anarchy and suffering of this transition period
have been combated, ln aome res-
peots with relative success, by the
Communists, where every other
party would have failed. True,
they challenged the hostility of the
Allies and the whole capitalist
world mot's recklessly than any
other party would have done. On
the other hand* after meeting aome
of the leaders ot the other parties,
I flnd myself wholly unable to imagine their survival even for a few
months, under* half the dangers
and the miseries which the Communists have surmounted during
three years. The Menshevlk leaders, whose party was never large
and never touched the peasants,
ara men of obvious sincerity and
noble If somewhat passive courage,
able theorists, and shrewd if negative critics, but they seemed to me
to lack entirely the daemonic will,
the driving foroe, and the constructive power of their rivals. The Social Revolutionaries were, In their
early and ■ mors admirable phase,
sentimentalists and Idealists with
a dreamy Socialistic nationalism,
and a queer Slav trick of idealizing
the peasant; as they gained power
and popularity they were swamped
by an opportunist element, and
their big party lost Its unity.
It waa not merely the strong and
reokless will, and the firm discipline of the Communists which
gave them their advantage. They
had the better strategic position.
|-They had the majority (as the
Constituent Assembly election
proved) in the two capitals, in the
northern armies and in north and
Central Russia generally. The
Concentrated Industrial population
followed them. They controlled, ln
short, the centres of power, and
the vital routes of communication,
ahd wiien lt came to civil war, they
tittuld tight on "Internal lines." The
SAclal- Revolutionaries, apart from
their (disunion, and their poor leadership, had to rely on a peasant
following scattered In the villages,
which'they could not mobilize, and
their Main strength lay ln the outlying provinces of the Empire, remote from each other and the centra. "The Communlata, then, were
alone able to hold the centre,
and'from this base, they have gradually recovered the fringes bf
AfariatiL' N
. A Genuine Proletarian Army
Their main advantage, however,
in grappling with the economic
problem, lay in the fact that they
are, in spite of the good education
and even gentle birth of a few of
their leaders, a genuine proletar-
ian party, as the others are not.
They are doing things today which
no Czar and certainly no Kerensky
dare even have conceived. They
have Introduced the principle of
Labor conscription ln order to drag'
the skilled workmen out of the villages, and to keep them ln the
factories. They even, ln some munition factories Impose some
hours of compulsory overtime.
They deal drastically with strikes,
pay by piece rates and make the
life of the lazy workman a bur
den to him. It is an unamlable
task. It can be defended only aa
a means of social self-preservation
ln the direst of extremities. It' Is
the action of a ship's captain on a
wreck, who draws his revolver to
control the crew. It ls possible
for the Bolsheviks to do it, only
because their title to bo the party
of the workera is unquestionable.
It could not be done only because
the Bolsheviks have visibly abolished all the privileges of the rich,
and won the gratitude of the
workers by such measures as their
housing policy. Theae emergency remedies are not Communism. They
are harsh expedients designed, to
cope with a hideous crisis, which
only a party of working men could
possibly have Imposed upon the
mass of working men.
(To be continued next week)
Uncensored   Report   Is
Sent Ont by Leading
(By the Federated Press)
Rome, Dec. 20—(By Main-
Considerable light is shed upon the
recent censored strike reports from
Portugal by the .following letter
from Senor Texelra, a leader of
the Left Wing of the Socialist
Party of Portugal, printed In
"In the Portuguese Republic,
which haa fallen Into the hands bf
such a reactionary government that
we look baok with regret to the
monarchy, there are so many
strikes every day that lt Is Impossible for me to send telegraphic
reports. Furthermore, that Is prevented by the censor. These strikes
are the logical result of the rise in
the cost of living, whtch has assumed fearful proportion! and
forces the working claas constantly to demand wage Increases. As
neither the government nor the
employers raise wages willingly,
the struggle Is on all the time.
"At first ths seamen's strike tied
up traffic ln. our ports for a few
days; then the state railroad men
went out, and are atlll out The
government occupied all the stations with troops and the servioe
was carried on by soldlerts,. Unfortunately, the government's opposition caused many of the strikers to lose the necessary moral
strength. It is true that the railroad men of the Companla Portu-
guesa went out In solidarity with
the government employees, but the
government took strenuous action
and, although the Socialist Party
did everything .possible to strengthen the powers of resistance of the
workers, the sympathetic strike
failed. Work was resumed and a
new unfavorable labor contract
had to be signed.
"The political situation is also
very grave; no ministry can last
long because of the miserable economic condition of the country,
which ls now realpng the results
of Its participation ln the world
war. It ls rumored that the president of the Republic Intends to
form a general 'concentration* cabfc"]
net from all political groups, Including the Socialists. The Socialists, however, don't wish to enter
the new ministry, but they are
ready to support it ;lf.be composed
of democratic elements and will
put through serious reforms in
favor of the wording claaa."
Readers of the censored reports
emanating from Lisbon during the
strike wave of October and November will remember how the Portuguese-authorities tried to attribute
nearly all tho trouble to Bolshevist
agltatorB and monarchist sympathizers, disregarding the real economlo reasons for the workers' unrost. Senor Texelra's statement on
the increase In the cost of living is
backed up by a report fr'om J. L.
Pinkerton, United Statea vice consul tn Lisbon, made publlo In Washington a few days ago In which lt
waa pointed out that the price of
foodstuffs In October was 866, compared with an Index figure of 100
In 1914, while fuel had risen to
180S, and clothing to 848.
Japan WiU Not
Have the Soviets
(Cofittnued~from page 1)
It has been in the Par East that
the relations between the big powers and Russia and the motivations of those relations havo stood
out In' clearest outline from tho
first. As early as the Kolchak fiasco this was true. It was to fight
the ao-called hordes of German and
Austrian prisoners marching eastward to aolze the Pacific coast and
establishing submarine bases that
the Allies intervened. But the
chief activities of the Intervention
of the whole Kolchak episode wob
th« suppression of all aspiration—
and the aspirants—to economic
and social reorganization ln Russia.
Since then lt has been put for-
.vard as justification for the various Interventions in Russia, Western as1 well as Japanese, that Russia threatened other countries with
propaganda to overthrow their
governments; that It threatened
them with violence and invasion
and thai lt ruled without the consent of the Russian people. But
when lt comes to the test it is
Japan that shows its hand clearly,
and the hand also of the other
powers. It does not want any form
of economic organization, in Russia Itself different from what It
knows. Therein Ilea the fundamental difference between Russia
and Japan and probably also between the western powers and
As a corollary of this policy
Japan also lias notified thc Vladivostok government that it will not
npprove Vladivostok's adhesion to
the Chita governmont, that la to
suy.   a   lAlfled   Siberia.     General
Don't Forget
to bring yoar Shoe Repairs to
The New Method Shoe Making
and Repairing Co.
and get satisfaction
Phone R.F.-954 AB O.B.U. Help
B. C. Wage Catting
Not Making Headway
(Continued from Page 1)
French   Prime  Minister
Has Played Many Parts
in French Politics
Arlstlde Briand 1s the Lloyd
Qeorge of French politics. He ls
thoroughly and ably opportunist,
wilUng to drop his past beliefs and
forget his former utterances to
meet the parliamentary majority
of the moment, a brilliant orator,
and a skilful negotiator. His appointment as successor of the negligible Leyguea as Prime Minister
of France means nothing ns regards
French policy. Ho will be able to
make fiery speeches eating Germany alive In the Chamber, and
then follow England's lead ln a
policy of amicable compromise.
He was tha apostle of the general
striko as the working class's best
weapon in his younger days; yot it
was he who, as Prime Minister ln
1910, flrst called the rallwaymen
into tho army as a means of defeating a strike. Unlike his fellow-
apostate from Socialism, Millerand, ho haa managed to continue
his friendship with tlie leaders of
ths Left; yet his cabinet contains
some of tho bitterest jingoes in
France. Polncare may yet carry
his campaign for the use of the
mailed fist to victory, but lf Briand
bcos the wind blowing In that direction, he may trim his sails to
meet the gale and be flrat In any
port.—The (American) Nation.
Sunday Open Forum
Mrs, Rose Hendei'son will speak
at the Opon Forum at 148 Cordova
street west, Sunday afternoon at 3
p.m. Subject: "The Phenomena of
Capitalism." Questions and discussion   Invited.
Where Is the Union Button?
Takayunanaghl, of the Japanese
general staff, says quits bluntly in
hla communication that that would
weaken Japan's privileged position
ln Siberia, especially in the maritime province, of which Vladivostok is the capital. Te says that
"under these circumstances (the
adhesion of Vladivostok to the Siberian government) somo regettn-
ble results are liable to arlae for
which the Japanese army will not
hold   itself  responsible."
By way of roply the Vladivostok
Assembly voted two days later to
recognize the Chita government as
the government ot Siberia and to
placo Itself under Chita's orders.
It Is now Japan's next move. But
Binco the ond of the Polish war,
and the Wrangel adventure and the
consequent freeing of Russia's
forces, tho Japanese have boon a
little less aggresitVO and u little
nmrn rmiliiMis In Hl!.er.P-
olals of Us tradss   Involved;   the
firm has agreed not to put the cut
Into effect.
Wallace Wants to Oat
Wallace shipyard Is going to try
its hand at slashing wages next
week, a notice having been posted
to the effect that moulders' wages
will bs reduced ten per cent next
Wednesday. This eut Is to be vigorously opposed by the union and
there is every prospect of obtaining
ths full support of svery other
Ths Vulcan Iron Works haa also
announced a out of 10 per eent to
go Into effect Monday, but there Is
not much prospect of getting away
with lt The supbject ls now undsr
discussion between the parties Involved.
Building Trades Stand Pal
The building contractors of the
city have also been* In conference
with the unions and have agreed
not to make any eut hi wagea, unless the men themselves force tt oa
them by working for less ln order
to get a job. The Carpenters'
Union, one of the strongest Involved, ha» not been able to discover any of its men cutting wages;
hence there ls svery prospect of
the present wage scale remaining
in effect until tho now agreement is
signed, which, lt Is expected, will
call for an increase.
Victoria Strike 8U11 On
The strike in opposition te the
wage out at Yarrows' repair shops
at Esquimau is still in effect and
the men are putting up a good
scrap. From present Indications
there ls every prospect of the Arm
withdrawing Its proposition of a
cut of SO centa a day.
Tailors Seeking Ont
Tailors of Vancouvor aro attempting to negotiate a reduction
of $8 and more a week ln wages tb
their employees. Conferences are
being held on the subject and tbe
union ia determined to oppose tho
cut. It is claimed by the men that
the cut would not cauae a reduction ln the cost to ths consumer,
and that ths cost of cloth to the
Arms is the real cause for high
prices and the resultant slack
The Hotel and Restaurant Bmployoes' Union hear of rumors that
lt will bs asked to aooept a cut but
tha union has such an array of
facts and figures regarding the employers' business that the few
bosses who are pressing for the
cut will easily be routed.
Pattern Makers Still Ont
The- pattern makers of six shops
ln Vancouver, Involving nine employees, are still resisting the attempted cut of 10 per cent and
are being backed up and instructed
by ths head ofllce of the International. The men have aaked for a
conference with the bosses, but so
far they have been refused. Ths
union will, ln all probability, take
up the question of pulling Its membership out of the rest of the shops
ln ths olty. <
Miners Threatened !
Employees of the Western Fuel
Company of Nanalmo are threat*
eued with a nut of about 40 cents
a day, whioh iu supposed to bs
the reduction tn the coat of living.
This announcement may to met by
a Joyous cry from the consumer,
but when we hear of protests liom
the miners of the United States
about the cheap coal which ts being aold in that country from Vancouver Island mines, and when we
know that large quantities of Alberta coal la being sold ln Vancouver, produced by miners receiving
the same wages, there is certainly
room for deep thought on the part
of the consumer ln backing up
wuge reducing schemes which only
beneflt the boss.
The remaining tradea In Vancouver and the province are expecting a broadside from the boss
should any of these cuts become
effective with other organizations.
Quite a numbor of organizations,
however, are preparing new
agreements, a number of which expire during March and April. In
moat cases tho consensus of opinion
seems to be that an Increase should
be aaked for, not only because
there la little hope of any further
reduction in the coat of living from
the 1919 prlcea, but also because
It Ib considered that an offensive Is
of greater value to the organization than a defensive. The low
wage now being paid for relief
work ls not considered to be dangeroua to future wage scales for
that class of work, because while
there ls a lot of newspaper talk
about prices falling, It Is a well-
known fact among economists that
the benefits derived by a fall In the
cost of raw material (whloh has
actually taken place) Is not necessarily passed on to the consumer,
Inasmuch aa there la an army of
middlemen always looking for
more profits.
laaao MoBride. medical reliof
representative from Ifoecow, wttl
speak   la   Nanalmo,   Wednesday.
T. A. Barnard, who ls now la
Nanalmo, is hustling subscriptions
for The Federatlonist la - aad'
around that community.
Saturday ovoning, whist drive,
held in the rooms, 141 Cordova
Street Weat
Ths Popular Floater
Il Our Motto
PubUQ Bade, (or Yonr Via
17 Independent MeratawU
Under On Root
Ions Typioal  Saturday
Stall 1—Qven Eossts, per
lb. , Mo
Stall* 2 and 3—Shoulder
Lamb, lb -...-Me
Stalls 4 and 5—Ribs and
Rum pa of Beet lb.-30o
Stall 6—€ompound Lard,
lb -20e
Stall 7—Legs Pork, per
lb. .. .. Mo
Stall 8-Fr csh Soles, 2
lbs. for Ma
Stalls 9 and 26-10 lbs.
eaeh of Carrota, Potatoes, Turnips and Beets,
40 lbs. in all .fl.00
Stalls 11 and 25—T-Bone
'    or Sirloin Roast, lb...80e
Stalls 12 and 23-8 lba.
choice Alberta Butter
for $1.60
Stalls 14 and 21—2 lbs.
White Beans IBo
Stalls 17 and 18-Our
noted Bread, 3 for 25c
Stalls 27 and 23—Smoked
Spring Salmon, 3 lbs.
for 40«
Stalls 30 and 33—6-lb. sk.
Rolled Oats Ma
Stalls 34 and 35—Peanut
Caady, lb .20c
Stall 36—New Laid Eggs,
per dos  72c
All Owe Vaat Cal-Vw
Opposite Punlttge.
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and oharge you
nothing for what you have
used. ■• ••
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phone. Seymonr KU ud 468
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vucouver
Replete in every detail
«1 Butlaf • Mnel wen
Dr. DeVan's French Pilb
A nlltbb Raimlttlnir PM In Worn,., M
• boi. Sold U .11 lira. Shirt,, or saalUt
to to, eddrttl oo receipt of priet. Tie
SeobtU Dng Ot.. St. Otthtrtnti, Oatuth
Restore! Via and Vitality; tar Marr* aa4
Bruin; Increuea "gray matter;" a Tails
—will build yon np, $3 a boi, ar two tat
|6, at drnj alam, or by net] ob receipt
ol prica. Tbe ScobaU Druj Oa.. St Catt
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Razors mako thc daily
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We have a splendid line of both makes in many designs,
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 eaeh.
The Complete Sporting (lootta Store
thirteenth year, no. »    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     Vancouver, b.
FRIDAY January 28, 1921
1921 Price
Boys' Dept.—Seoond Floor
Announcement Sale
I—^——————■——^—.— ■IIISS.    11^
English Gabardine Overcoats
Reduced from $45 to
This is a real raincoat winter if ever there was one. And
these English Gabardine Baincoats are just the coats for
the weather. Light, warm aud roomy. Thoroughly tailored in genuine flne English gabardine, the closely
woven pure wool fabric that turns rain and wind. Cut
ln trench styles with or without belt. Silk yoke and
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pockets. Wide lapels. Beg. $45. Sale price...
Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive
Store for Men and Boys
Vanderlip States U. S. to
Trade With Soviet
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—That normal trade
relations between Russia and the
United States will be restored within tbe period of a few months Is
the confidently expressed opinion
Cf Washington B, Vanderlip, who
recently returned -to this country
With large concessions from the
Soviet government, and Ludwig C.
A. K. Martens, representative of
the Soviet Republic, ln a correspondence which has passed between these two men. The approaching deportation of Martens
ordered by the department of Labor, ls the occasion of Vanderllp's
letter to Martens, ln which he expresses the belief that Russia's expectation of trade resumption in
the near future Is justified.
The correspondence also makes
Wear* that Vanderllp's negotiations
With the Soviet govornment In
Moscow are not affected by the de-
New National Hotel
200 Outside Rooms
Special Rates by the Week
Ph. Sey. 78SO—1221  Granville
Eat Your
Way to
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Hydro-Therapy, Diet
Hours: Dally, 1-5
Mon., Wed., Frl., 1-3
Sey. 8B33 Bay. 402SK.
Fairfield Building
Corner Granville and Fender
parture of Martens. Martens states
In this regard: "The arrangements
negotiated by you in Moscow are
not affected by the Instructions I
have received to cancel all the outstanding contracts negotiated by
my bureau, The present circumstances obviously prevent the fulfilling of those contracts. Your arrangements with the authorities in
Moscow remain unaffected by those
Instructions and are a matter for
action by those authorities."
The present policy of non-intei*-
course with Russia, Vanderlip, In
his letter, declares to be based wholly upon Ignorance and hysteria
brought about by malicious and untruthful propaganda. "Thts in no
way represents the sound judgment
of the American people. We have
long traditions of friendship with
Russia, and those traditions, Interrupted for the flrst time by the
present mistaken policy, will soon
be resumed to the benefit and satisfaction of the peoples of both
The fiscal agency for financing
purchases which Vanderlip had
proposed establishing in this country on behalf of the Soviet government cannot go through because
of the liquidations of the Soviet
bureau, Martens points out. "It Is
plain enough that a fiscal agency of
the nature contemplated—which
has to do only with the financing
of purchases and not with the actual purchasing—must t.epcnd, not
only upon the resumption of trade
relations, but also upon the presence in this country of a properly
accredited purchasing bureau authorized to let contracts and in*
spect und pass upon goods purchased. With the liquidation of
the bureau no other agency remains
to fulfill that function."
This is the only respect In which
Vanderllp's planB are affected by
Martens' departure, Martens said.
Detroit, Mich.—Labor organizations are resisting efforts to reduce
wages. Electrical Worker's Union
No. 68 (Inside men) voted 829 to 3
against acceptance of a cut from
$1,25 to $1 an hour which the Detroit branch of the National Electrical Contractors Association proposed. Union sheet metal workers
are on strike against foui* shops
which endeavored to reduce wages
from $1.25 to $1 an hour.
Brussels—Some time this month
J. Ramsay Macdonald and Harry
Gosling will undertake a European
tour In the Interest of the Second
International, according to informal on from London, just received
by Camilc Huysman*. secretary of
the International's Secretariat. The
offices of the International will be
transferred to London within a few
Men's, Women's and Children's
Better Quality Clothing
25% to 50%
Clothe the Whole Family by the Aid of Our Easy
Payment Plan.    .
HEN'S  iui>mi:iu/,i:i>  tweed
OOATS, In various style.;
guanuitMiI waterproof ..
Sey. 1361
Evidence Discovered Connecting: Ten in Pay of
Akron, O.—Evidence giving the
chapter and verse of the traitorous
actlyltles of. tne men prominent
In Laboi* organizations here has put
them to flight and an expose of the
methods resorted to by employers
to break the unions has demonstrated to organised Labor that corporations and private employers
stop at nothing to Impose their will
upon the workers.
The Corporations' Auxiliary Co.
of Cleveland, Ib the concern employing "under cover" men, which
has figured most prominently in
the reports of the various unions
which succeeded In bringing these
nefarious dealings to light, and
which the Akron Herald has published.
The men tn most cases made
written confessions to their Respective unions. The monthly salary paid by the Corporations' Auxiliary averaged $110 a month and
about $10 a month expenses was
allowed. For this remuneration
these hirelings reported what happened in the shops in which they
were employed and the activities of
the unions.
S. L, Newman, business ugent of
the Machinists Union, in discussing
the practices of these "friends" of
Labor who by their underhanded
methods seek to disrupt the unions,
declured that they are conservative or radical as the situation demands. In some cases they headed
demands for increased wageB to
gain the confidence of their fellow
Also interesting Is Newman's explanation of how the employer Is
often blackjacked Into coming to
terms with these agencies. If conditions in a particular industry are
not such as warrant the employment of spies tho agencies send
their operatives Into a plant and
false, and sometimes true, reports
of the business find their way into
the hands of a competitor*. The
employer then soon becomes convinced of the necessity of coming
to terms with the agency to protect his own Interests and to discover how information is leaking
The names of the ten who fled
and the unions which they entered
as "bona flde" unionists while they
were in the pay of employers agencies follow:
William J. George, member of
the Akron Brlcklnycrs Union, mem-
het of thc arbitration board of
bricklayers, and treasurer of tho
Akron Central Labor Union; C. L.
Oiisklns, member of Carpenters'
Union No. 212,  organizer for vho'\
American   Federation   of   < **.
treasurer and chairman of t>- ie
of the Akron 'Central Labor u'" !
Floyd M. Burdlck, vice-president
and business agent of the Steamfltters Union and secretary of thc
Building Tradaa Council; Herb
Hazard, member of the executive
board eud-a trustee of tlio Machinists Union; H. D. Squires, president
of the Carpenters Union and delegate to tho Central Labor Union;
Peter Christlson, member of the
Akron Street Car Union; Michael
Alkens, recording secretary of the
Moulders Union; Leo Rlese, member of the executive board of the
Machinists Union, delegate to the
Workers Co-operative Society of
Akron, and an I. W. W.; Frank R.
Mooro, member of the Machinists
Union; and George E. Clough,
member of the Machinists Union,
delegate to the Akron Central Labor Union, momber of the Nonpartisan Political Campaign committee and seeretary-trensurer of
the Akron Plumb Plan League.
Tbe Burnaby branch of tho P.
L. P, has arranged for a grand
rally to be held in tho Oddfellows
hall, McKay, on Tuesday, February the IhI. commencing at 7 p.m.
There will be dancing and refreshments will be served. Mr. Harry
Neelands, M.L.A., and R. P. Pettipiece and W. R. Trotter will deliver short addresses. All members
of the party and friends are urgtftl
to attend. A collection will be taken to defray expenses.
Study  of  Biology  and
Human Evolution to
Be Held
"The greatest study of man is
Beginning on Monday evening,
January 31, at 8 o'clock, in the F.
L. P. hall, 148 Cordova Btreet west,
a course of study In Biology and
Human Evolution will be taken up.
Truth ls stranger than fiction,
and the study of ourselves and of
our descent from the brute forms
of life, Is the most Interesting, inspiring and important of all subjects.
The great secrets of life are to
the vast majority of mankind, a
closed book, and through this ignorance alone, man ls enslaved.
But how could the oommon herd
be taught that king and clown,
master and slave, saint and sinner,
savage and ape, reptiles, flah and
worms all shared alike a common
Tbe "Flaming Sword"
Truly the masters of men have
displayed wisdom In guarding with
the '"flaming sword" of temporal
and spiritual power, the road
leading to the tree of knowledge,
lest we eat of Its fruit and "our
eyes be opened and we be as gods,
knowing good from evil?11
Today our race stands at the
parting of the ways, and only
through our understanding where
we stand, and through knowing
of the long agonizing road we have
travelled, the burdens we have
borne, and are bearing, can we become conscious factors ln our further evolution upward to light and
power and happiness.
At these classes the great discoveries and deductions of men
like Darwin, Morgan, Hackel and
Marx will be presented in a way
that all can understand.
Tlie Gencfcls of Life
The forming of the earth, the
Genesis of Hfs, the development of
all life from the simple cell, will
be discussed.
Illustrations from discoveries of
"missing links," between the ape
and man, and the great revelations
of embryology and biogenesis will
be shown, some of the ancient
causes of our recent lapses into
blood lust and savagery, and of the
"crime wave" of today will be advanced.
The real origin of our fights ahd
fears, our loves and hates, our
ghosts and gods, will be accounted
for by thia study of biology and
primitive man.
Scientific Thought
The first lesson will be on "The
Scientific Method of Thought," the
warfare of science with religion,
the universal sequence of cause and
effect, and the fallacy of ''frer will,
Step by step the great events of
human history will be taken up,
The class struggle and other
principals of Marxian Socialism will
be outlined.
The final lessons will be devoted
to the present crisis of capitalism
the establishment of the Russian
Soviet Republic, and the great lesson and demonstration that the
workers of Russia are now affording the   people of the world.
Questions and discussions will be
part of each lesson.
If you are satisfied with the theological and "creation" theory, and
have no place for evolution and
modern science; if you are satisfied
that our present economic system
Is the best we can have, and If you
do not want your minds disturbed,
then do not come.
If you are really Interested, you
are invited, and admission Is free.
We will begin Monday evening,
January 31, at 8 o'clock, in tho
F. L. P. hall.
Junior Labor League Put
Up Novel Programme
Last Saturday
The members of the Junior Labor League scored a complete success lost Saturday evening in what
was, for them, somewhat of a new
line, when they staged a Camp
Flre concert In the F. L. P. hall.
Every effort, apparently, was spared to get a proper setting for the
stage, with its scenery and lighting
effects presented a very realistic
camp. The programme which was
very well received, presented In
two scenes, consisted of Jokes, humorous recitations, duets, solos
and choruses, around the fire. It
suffered only ln being a little too
short, but this, lt was explained,
was due to some turns, and unfortunately they were instrumental,
being unable to take part.
After the programme was concluded, the dance was started.
Some of'the dancers being ln their
camping attire, and the large stage
with the camp scene at one end
of the hall, created an atmosphere
that made one forget the wintry
weather outside.
Those who contributed the various Items on the programme were:
Comrades Miss B. Rees, Miss M.
Fish, Miss E, Charlton and Comrades L. Corse, E. Pierrot, J. Richardson, E. Trotter, D. Charlton and
N. Bennett.
There were some others on the
stage, who with those mentioned
above, sang several choruses.
Comrade E. Trotter made a few
remarks as to the activities of J.
L, L„ and the prospects that this
year would see a bigger and better
camp for the young people of the
Labor movement. An appeal was
made for members, and lt waa
stated that those who wished to be
initiated at the next meeting on
February 4, should attend the
business meeting on January 28,
(tonight) at the club rooms, 52
Dufferln street west.
About ten or a dozen names
have been submitted for Initiation
on February 4.
Communist Idea
Spreads in Germany
(Continued from page 1)
which was held here, says that all
the Communists believe Germany
must eventually go "Red." They
look forward confidentially, he declares, to a proletarian dictatorship on a much higher level of
industrial organization, however,
than was possible In Russia ln
1917. He states that as the salaried classes are worse off than the
manual workers they will accordingly acquiesce ln any revolutionary tendencies which will tend to
repudiate the Indemnity liabilities.
Scbastopol Soviet ls raising a
sunken Dreadnought from the bottom of the harbor.
Education Propaganda for Women
Is Being Promulgated By
Newly-formed League
The Woman's Labor League of
New Westminster, was organized
about a month, and Its activity is
educational, along political, Industrial and social problems, or anything pertaining to the betterment
of human ■ society. The meetings
are held the first and third Thursdays of each month, public gatherings are held in the Labor Temple.
Mrs. Henderson has given two very
interesting lectures, the flrst was
from Maeterlinck's drama, "The
Blue Bird, Social Messages of the
Times." The second one was from
Ibsens' drama "The Dolls House,
or the Revolt of Women." The
third one also will be from Ibsen's
drama, Little Iloff, or the right pf
the child to be well born. This
lecture will be on the Srd of February in the Labor Temple. The
officers of this league are Mrs. T.
A. Barnard, president; Miss James,
vice-president; Mp. England, treasurer; Mrs. Stein, secretary.
U. S. Legislator Introduces Bill to Stop Spying in Unions
(By John Nicholas Beffel, Feder-
. ated Press Correspondent)
Boston, Mass.—Ten to twenty
years in prison will be the penalty
for the placing of spies or agents
provocateur inside of Labor organizations, If a bill introduced in the
Massachusetts Legislature by Representative George P. Webster of
Boxford becomes law.
Webster's action ln filing the bill
was largely impelled by an exhaustive report on industrial espionage
lately made by the social ethics department of Harvard University,
under the direction of Dr. Richard
Cabot. That report states that 200
detective agencies ln the United
States are receiving Income for espionage among working class organizations.
There are 3000 typewritten pages
in that report, which lays bare
countless Instances of spying and
the inciting of direct action to
wreck Labor unions or to bring
them Into disrepute. One outstanding example of the wreckers'
work In New England was the
planting of dynamite by employers'
agents during the Lawrence atrike
of 1912.
"Varioui detective agencies of
this kind represent themselves as
'Industrial harmonizers,' says Representative Webster. "That, of
course, Is camouflage, since their
actual puurpose ls to disrupt organized Labor and to make fat fees
for doing it."
The industrial espionage bill will
be backed, lt ls said, by the State
organization of the American Federation of Labor, and by the Boston Central Labor Union.
Under this measure, any person
licensed, as a private detective or
employed to act as such, who advises or Incites any person to commit violence or to Inflict any unlawful injury npon persons or property, shall be punished by a prison sentence of not more than 20
nor less than 10 years; and persons arrested and held for trial for
such acts er incitement shall not
be admitted to ball.
Similar penalties would be provided for any person who authorizes or directs any employee to commit such acts; and in addition
would be liable fer double damages
for all Injuries to persons or property Inflicted pursuant to such authorization or advice.
When tho bill comes up for hearing, it is understood that Dr. Cabot will be summoned to 'testify
concerning Industrial espionage
agencies and employers who utilize
Sydney, N. S.—Incomplete returns from the United Mine Work
ers election indicate the re-election
of Robert Baxter over George Bag-
nail as president of the Nova Scotia
and New Brunswick district, with
William Delaney's victory over
George Hayes for the vice-presidency even more pronounced.
Port Arthur, Ont.—All the book
paper wanted by Ontario's depart
ment of education for tlio next 21
years will come from thc Provln
clal Paper Mills' pulp limit of 120,
000 square miles, the Farmer-Labor government insisting on this
clause being Inserted tn the contract.
New York.—The Russian Sovlef|
Bureau here received a cable from
George Chtcherin, commissar for
foreign affairs of the Soviet repub-
He, emphatically denying rumors
recently published ln the capitalist
press regarding the alleged mobilization of tho Soviet army.
Hamilton, Ont.—One thousand
members of the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America rejected an employers' proposal reducing wages $6 and $7 a week to
speed up production. London
manufacturers have withdrawn a
proposal for a wage cut.
Hand the Fed. to your shopmate
when vou are through with It.
Largest Men's Store in the West
—other men realized
what you'll find, too—
That DICK'S Manufacturer's Outlet Sale prices
are a marvel of value—a live-wire opportunity
—hundreds of men are jumping at them.
Suits for Young Men at
prices that take the wind
from all competitive sales
—in sizes 34 to 38—all styles—in a magnificent
choice of materials. It's doubtful whether such
Suits could be manufactured at these prices.
, '       Limited
45-47-49 Hastings St. East
Another Catastrophe as
Result of Profit
Investigation of the sinking of
the Princess Sophia, held In Seattle,
brought out the following facts
which are taken from the Seattle
Union Record. It might be also
noted that no news of this cose
has been" published In the local
press, due no doubt to the dicta'
torship of the C. P. R.
Hearings In the case of the Princess Sophia, lost In 1918 with 370
persons, reached a climax last Friday when Capt. C. D. Neroutos,
marine superintendent of the Canadian pacific Railroad, admitted
that the conduct of Captain Locke,
master of the Sophia, was unwise.
The defense in the suit brought
to limit liability showed that the
Sophia was running full speed In
a blinding snowstorm when she
struck. Vanderbllt reef, leaving
Skagway at 10:10 p.m. on the 23rd
of October, and struck on the rock
at 2 p.m.; which makes three hours
and fifty minutes, while the normal
time should have been more-than
five hours.
Under a severe cross examination Captain Neroutos further admitted that no direction had been
given to the salvage boat to flnd
the log book, while they were ordered to have at any cost 600
pounds of gold which were in the
chart room,
Tlio defense claims that Uie
Canadian Paelfle Company advertised  making Alaska trips
ln the shortest time, and that
captains were instructed to go
as fast ab possible.
1   Among witnesses called Thursday afternoon wus"  Lewis   Hallet
Johnston, agent for the company
In Skngway.
Under cross-examination, he admitted-the knowledge of six cases
of sickness among the crew of the
Sophia,  but dented that he knew
that lt was Spanish influenza.   He
further admitted that he' did not
advise the passengers of the cases.
According to his testimony,
tlie Sophia was overcrowded,
many   passengers,   who   were
possessors of first-class tickets
helng accommodated   ln   the
so-called second-class,   which,
In reality, waa a kind of steerage.
The other witnesses called were
W. J. Cullum, Canadian steamship Inspector, and James McOowan, superintendent of marine
engineers In the employ of the
Shoe Satisfaction at a Fair Price
The Best
$5 Boot
in Town
A good, strong, serviceable work boot, all solid, made on
a comfortablo foot-form last. Brown or Black, $5.00.
We Specialize for Men and Boys
Says His Deportation Is
Only a Small Inci-
London—It is not only Sinn Fein
meetings that are raided by the
military in Ireland. A letter from
a branoh secretary, ln Ireland to
the headquarters here of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and
Joiners says: "Please excuse delay,
as lt Is difficult to hold a meeting.
The military sweep down on us
whenever they flnd a meeting going on, They make us hold our
hands up with fixed bayonets till
they search us and examine our
When through with this paper,
pass it oo '
(By the Federated Press)
New York, Jan 22.—Ludwig C.
A. K. Martens, deported representative of the Bussian Soviet Republic In the United States, in leaving this country today, has given
to the Federated Press the following exclusive statement to the
American Labor press:
"I regret that I cannot send a
word of personal greeting and appreciation to each of the many editors, correspondents and other coworkers of the Labor press of America, who are.giving such staunch
support to the cause of the Russian workers and peasants. With
many of these journaliBt-comradcs
I have formed warm friendships
during my stay in America, and I
have seen evidence of the fine work
of many others, personally unknown to me.
"In the name of the workers and
peasants of revolutionary Russia I
send grateful greetings to the
working class press of America.- I
shall be able to tell the Russian
comrades that the battle against
prejudice and falsehood ls carried
forward ln America in strong
hands. My own departure and the
circumstances which compel the
Soviet government to cease for the
moment all efforts to establish normal economlo relations between
the peoples of Russia and America
are but small Incidents ln the inevitable course of the working class
struggle throughout the world. We
are not discouraged by these Incidents, which servo only to emphasize the fundamental character of
our cause.
'As I am about to leave this
country, I hear the voice of the
people In all vocations throughout America grow more and more
insistent that the Russian workers
and peasants shall be allowed'
peace and freedom to devote their
energies to constructive work. In
spite of censorship nnd oppression
the message of the Russian revqlu- j
tion has been carried to the American people In the columns of the
working class press. The true voice
of thc American people responds
sympathetically to that message."
Says Reactionary Idea
Must Be Dropped
(Continued from page 1)
New York—The People's Educational Camp Society, formed last
December by students and friends
of the Rand' School of Social Science, has purchased 2100 acres in
the northeastern part of Pennsylvania with the intentions of converting the plot Into a summer
colony,     ,
Moscow—The Cotnmtsarlat for
Public Health has notified all the
factories of Moscow, Petrograd,
Jaroslavl, Kostroma und Ivunovo-
Wosnescnsk that they may submit
names of workers who are ln need
of convalescent holidays in the
Crimea. In January 6000 will be
sent and ln March 25,000.
Old Grouch says: Some folks
want to have unions Incorporate'
strikes outlawed nnd collective
bargaining abolished. Perhaps
they might allow the workers to
organize pink teas and games of
planned to enliven by speeches
from its most anti-progressive
members. A last-minute invitation was given the Machinists' executive, after he had announced
that he would go anyway. It happens that the machinists tn eastern Mexico, strongly organised and
long enjoying the eight-hour day*
are ln friendly touch with the machinists here.
Mr. Oompers*   strategy   against
Johnston's group has not been disclosed.   There are rumors that he ■
will, In February, seek to turn the
tables by advocating an extremely
"direct" sort of tactics In the ln- :
dustrial field.   It is further hinted i
that he may even give up the National Civic Federation, and sum- i
mon, the labor movement to defy '
all of its critics, whether In industry, finance, politics or leisure life, i
On the other hand, men near to '
his counsels have   indicated   that
labor nannot afford to fight, this
year; that the thing to- do is  to ,
"lie low," and wait for the Hard- |
ing administration to be kind and j
protecting toward it.
The progressives, and especially
the railroad workers, who seek to
build an alliance of all the liberal
forces of the country against all
the reactionaries, will not accept |
any but an aggressive policy.
Milwaukee—Locked    out   journeymen tailors here have voted to
establish a co-operative union shop J
and a committee of three was ap- j
pointed to make preliminary ar- ,
range ments.   "There are 300 union j
tailors,  men  and  women,  among I
those locked out, and they have ■
stood firm for their principles since ,
the recent break with the employers," said Business Agent William j
Be sure to notify the post offlee
s soon as you change your address.
Wi Teach Beginner.
Oil... Tuesday tnd Thursday
Commencing 6:30
Oor How. and Poador      817 891
Reduced Rate, (or Ladle.
H. Walton
Specialist  in   Electrical    Treatment!,
Violet  Ray  tnd High  Frequency for
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago, Par-
alysli,  Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment!.
Chronic Ailments.
Phont Seymour 2048
188 Hastings Stroot Wait.
British made, good quality zephyrs, heavy
woven stripes, roomily cut and well finished. All
- $2.45
Extra good value in all types of suits, tweeds,
worsteds, <etc., reg. prices to $55.00
Sale tf»Q7 £ZC2
Price    "    *P«5 /.OO
C. D. Bruce
Corner Homer and Hasting Streets


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