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The British Columbia Federationist May 9, 1919

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 INDUSTRIAL UNITY:  STRENGTH.
OFFICIAL PAPBB:   VANCOUVER TBADES AND _*_i» COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDERATION OP
- '■    ■*"■■-    ■■ ~**4
OB
POLITICAL UNITY: VICTQBt*!
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 19
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 9,1919
77
iuc-_Tmm") $1.50 PER YEAR'
LIVELY DEBATE WAS HELD
AT NEW WESTMINSTER
Messrs. McDonneil and McVety Cross
Swords on the One Big U % \ Question.
—Secretary Wells Repudi. V the Statements As to the Method's % Balloting
* ft.	
At Now Westminster on Mondayfwould ha\
evening, an open meeting was arranged for the purpose of discussing
the 0. B. TJ, The arrangements
were in the form of a debate between F. McDonnell and J. H. MeVety, the former taking the affirmative and the latter the negative.
P. McDonneil, in opening the debate, itated that the statement had
beon made that the now idea wat
eut forward by a few individuals.
'.e denied that atatement, snd re-
' ferred to the number of reiolutiom
that were introduced at the Wostorn Conference, and the unanimity
at that gathering on the need for
e new organiation,
Itembers to Deeide
Ee statod that there was no organization formod, aud the workers
wore not asked to tovor their connections with tho inttrnational
unions, but to express their opinion
es to the need for a change. He said
that If the workers decided that a
change wai necessary, that a break
would necossarily follow, but not
bofore they had decided the queition for themielvei. He gave illustrations ts to the neglect of the
workers by the present internationals, and the delay that was experienced in trade movements because
of the notions of tho executives.
The eraft organiaztiona have functioned, but the changes brought
about by the war and tho development of industry had developed new
. ideal. Ho referred to the number
of workon that wore taken away
frota industry by tho war, and tho
speeding up processes that wero
necessary, and the members of the
eraft organisations could not meet
tho demand, and the simplification
of methods of production had eliminated the old time skill of the
workor to e negligible quantity, that
a now form for organisation was
necessary, and tho workeri would
bt compelled, to that industrial
unity eould prevail. He instanced
tha shipyard!, where some organizations wero working under the Bobertson agreement, and somo under a
metal trades agreement, which was
not conduoive to industrial unity.
In conclusion, he pointed out that
the vote was being taken fin the
question of whethor the worker! de-
lired to have a new form of organization.
"That a radical departure from
the present form   of   organization
LOCAL TYP^ VOTE
ONIOJ.U.
Printers Vote on the Job
on the New Form of
Organization
Tho daily pross has mado much
oapital out of tho attitudo of tho
Typographical Union towards tho
One Big Union. That there ii at
least one loeal of that organization,
that is not hidebound, aud not too
prejudiced to doal with any new
idea, is evidenced by the faot that
tho local Typographical Union has
this week taken a vote on the Ono
Big Union proposal. Tho vote was
taken en Monday, and was a chapel vote, the members voting on lho
job, in every printing office in the
city that it organiztd, and evory
member waa given the opportunity
to vote. While tho naturo of tho
vote li not yet known, it il at ltast
ploasing to know thst tho loeal typos
en more progreulve than thoie in
tbe eait, and that ihey are prepared to ttke e vote on eny queition
tkat effects tke intereiti of the
working clans.
be justified by at
least an oi ^ >f the proposed programme In w of a denunciation
of everythi. V t had eo far beon
done or loft <S lc by the existing
international."_ qt*' wos the position taken b; "_;. MeVety at the
outset of hie address. "He wu
glad," he said, "to have heard Mr.
McDonnell, because up to date he
had not hoard two speakers in favor
of the "One Big Union" who woro
in agreement oh the proposed policies, not to mention the ultimate
programme at all."
Ho stated that there woro different sections advocating the Ono Big
Union—the members of the Socialist Party, who in tho past had decried the trade union movement,
and classed it ai a commodity
itruggle; another wat the nationalists, who .waved tha flag, and still
anothor was tho I. W. W. He said
that when Haywood and the many
other members of thia organization
had been jailed, that the Members
wore instructed, to bore from within; and thoy woro doing it. Another
lection took the stand that the
revolution could be brought about
by the general strike, and another
Bussian situation croatod hero.
Unanimous on One Point
"There was, however," continued the speaker, "ono point on
which a degree of unanimity previously unheard of in tho trados
union movement existed, and that
was tho programme of 'louttling'
tbe treasuries of the existing unions
even before the question had been
tabulated or the result announced."
The speaker then recounted instances whero $£,000-h&d been votod
to the president of one Victoria
union for services rendered in addition to smaller grants to other member! of the "faithful," and where
the entire fundi of anothor.union
had been turned ovor to another
body and a piano sold for one dol-
largo sum for the alleged purposo
of holding a banquet and still another had votod ♦1,500 to throe
members for services* rendered. Despite what Mr. McDonneil had said
about those in charge of tho
0. B. U. caring nothing about the
funds, the performance sheet to
date seemed to indicate otherwiit.
Orgulastlons Change
"That the changea in industry
decided the form of organization
necessary and that the existing organizations were changing their organizations by amalgamations end
by accepting nembers from large
fields just ai rapidly ei the industrial life of the country would permit," maintained Mr. McVety, and
he proceeded to illustrate by uiing
the United Mino Workers, Brothor*
hood of Carpenters, and the Machinists, as examples of organizations changing to meet new conditions.   "
Prom a Geographical Standpoint <
Pointirif out tho impossibility of
making any progress with any form
of organization that was not continental instead of   national,   senii-
(Contlnueft on page 4)
Electrical Workers Call a
Meeting to Find a
Remedy
Profiteers Must Be Made
to Cut Out Holdup Game
The Electrics! Workers Union ot
this city has started a frontal attack on the high cost of living. It
knows that the private ownership
of the means of wealth production
Is the cause of all the present Ills
of society, but lt feels that If a
strong effort Is putr forth, In e certain direction, that the cost of living can be materially reduced without bringing down wsges,
It Is issueing a call to every labor
and other organization to send a
representative to a nieeting which
is to be held In Its hall at' 440 Pender St. Wost next Wednesday evening at > p.in. to discuss ways and
means ot reducing the present high
cost of living. If your organization has not been Invited you can
accept this as an Invitation.
A local union committee bas already suggested a plan but It Is
felt that the opinion and suggestions of others may enable the
workers to get together with s
united front on this subject.
Retailer Not Responsible.
It Is evident to everyone that the
retailer is not responsible for the
high cost ot living nor are the producers.
A useless and unnecessary class
control the situation and tt seems
that If anything is done at all that
our efforts must be directed at
them. Figures taken from the
Labor Gazette, a government publication, show that food prices have
advanced almost 90 per cent over
those of 1914. It also shows that
prices have advanced over the
previous month in meats, butter,
fruits, vegetables and miscellaneous
foods and further states that "ln
butter there was a considerable Increase in price owing to Increase ln
exports."
"Owing to Increase In exports"
the price has risen. In other words
we work like blezes to produce stuff
(Continued on page 8)
ON 0. B. U. VOTE
Canadian   Sentiment  in
Favor of One Big
Union
Calgary Trade Unionists are go
■tog strong for the 0. B. U. One or
Itwo locals have voted against the
{proposition but   other   locals   who
I have voted in favor of it have done
I so with sueh big majorities   tbat
■ there will bo no question of the tent*
iment.   The unioni voting against
It   to  .date   are   Carpenters,   121
against, 68 for; Plumbers with about
10 members, and the Typographical
Union. Tho locals 'voting for it are
Machinists, W to 46; Boilermakers,
17 to 5- Machinists' Holpers, 60 to
1; Blacksmiths, 11 to  t;   Carmen,
116 to 108. Bailway Pipo-fittors and
Sheet Motal Workers also votod in
favor, numbers are not known.
Local uniona in Toronto are looking information about tho 0. B. U.
and the Carpentora Union of that
olty, with a membenhlp tf over
1000, has instructed its aeeretary te
Obtain literature dealing with the
O.B. V.
Practically all the crafts working
in the railroad shops between Fort
William snd Vancouvor have voted
in favor of tko 0. B. U. and with
the exception of Edmonton, Alts,,
all tho Trades Councils hsvs done
likewise.
Without s single exception, the
Typographical Union In all the
cities of any size bave votod against
the measure and the capitalist preu
teem to grab onto thli fact with
joy, whereaa very littlo ie said of
tho trade uniona that have voted in
favor of a progressive form ef un
ioniw.
OF J. H. MCVETY
Delegate  Russell  Voted
and Is Working for
the 0. B. U.
In view ot the statement made
by J. H. McVety at New Westminster on Monday night, to the effect
that delegate Russell of Winnipeg
had voted agalnit the 0. B. U. proposal, a wire was sent to Bro. Russell asking htm If this was correct,
he replied ae follows.
Wire received, I want to state
emphatically that I voted, end am
now working to the limit to bring
about the One Big Union, such
dirty lies sre typical ot tlie one
that made the statement.
WHAT ARE THEY HERE FOR?
Convention Proceedings
The reports of the proceedings of
tho B. -p. Federation of Labor an*
mini convention, have been mailed
to every local affiliated with that
body this week. Thero are, however, a numbor of copies still on
hnnd. Local unions may havo additional copies on application to Secretnry Wells.
UNPROFITABLE TO
OPERATE PLANTS
Magnates   Cannot   Find
Foreign Markets for
Products
Mr. B. T. Kingsley spoko to a full
house at Bevelstoke Sunday, April
87, his subject being the world unrest and its causes.
Mr. Kingsley pointed out In a
clear and convincing way that conditions as thoy exist at tho present timo were tho logical outcome
of thousands of years of slavery in
one form or another. No work
would be undertaken unless it could
pay a profit to the employer. Thousands of men are out of work declared the speaker, not because tbe
employing olass are vicious or mean,
but because it is unprofitable at tho
present timo and under present conditions to operafo the mills and factories, all nations doing business under the capitalist lystem must flnd
markots for the surplus products. In
this search thoy come into competition with each othor, causing friction and eventually war.
There was quito a lot of interruption, the intention obviously boing
to break up tho meeting, or to got
the speaker to say something which
niight be construed to bo unpatriotic and offer an oxcuso for rioting.
Mr. Kingsley, however, is not the
sort of man to got excited and lose
his temper.
Tho lnterruptors claimed to be
raombers of the 0. W. V. A. and appeared to be undor tho dual leadership of Doctor Hamllon and tho
manager of one of the local banks.
Defective  Machinery  Is
Cause of Fatality to
Laundry Workers
On Saturday last a fatal accident
occurred at the Peerless Laundry,
whereby Mrs. Lily Phillips and Margaret Cawley wero fatally injured,
as the result of an explosion of a
steam chest connected with the mangle in the laundry, and several otber
girls were severely scalded.
The evidence given.ot the inquest
by two girls in the employ* of the
tarn, showed that a leak of tteam
had boen noticed In the "head" of
the mangle for some woeks, and that
on Saturday it had become worse.
J. Tupper, ef Tupper & Steele,
said ho was called in by the engineer at 12:30 o'clock on Saturday
to see if a crack which had develop*
" " -"ils
Kg Meeting Decides That
It Is Well Rid of
Barnacles
FIVE DAY WEEK
Ni IN FORCE
Seattle Building Trades
Trying to Avert
Unemployment
No longor will tho Seattle builders have labor on Saturday, according to Secretary Cottorcll of the
Building Trades' Couneil. In the future, five dayi a week will constitute their limit of toll. The now
working schedule it tho remit of a
referendum vote taken last January
and made effective May 8. Tho five-
day week it expoctcd to relieve tho
fireient over-supply of labor, result*
ng In the return of soldiors and
sailors, The trades affected aro
plumbers, building, structural iron
workers, building laborers, asbestos
workers, electricians, iteaui fitters,
elevator constructor!, brick layers,
hoisting engineers, roofers, pile driven. The plastereri, lathert and
paintin have kad a five-day week
for some time,
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOE
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, * May 11-Musi-
nians, Sawyers and Filers,
Canadian Brotherhood Boil-
way Employees,
MONDAT, May 12—Boilermakers, Steam and Oporating Engineers, Upholsterers, Patternmakers, Ironworker!, Bakery Salesmen,
Brotherhood Carpenters No.
617, Amalgamated Enginoers.
TUESDAY, May 18-Barbers,
Pressmen, Amal. Carpenters, Machinists, Amorican
Can Employees, Molders'
Executive.
WEDNESDAY, May 14-Gas
Workers, Metal Tradei
Couneil, Stereotypers, Boilermakers Examining Board,
City Hall Employees, Teajn-
iten and Chauffeurs, Laundry Workors.
THUBSDAT, May 15—Trados
ond Labor Council, Domestic Home Workers, Foundry
Workers, Maintenance of
Weymen, Pointers, Mncbin*
liti Ladies Auxiliary,
FRIDAY, May 16—Granita
Cutters, Bro. of Bailway
Carmen, Pile Drivers end
Wooden Bridgemen, Boilor-
I     makers'   Exocutive, I
im 111 m i ■ 11 mi 111 nt i s'
od in the head could be brazed. This
was not possible, and the witness, in
reply to a juryman, said he intimated to the engineer that the machine
was in bad shapo.
"I told him it did not look good
to mo," said the witness.
J. W. Dean, eugineer in charge ef
the plant, said he first noticed a
"sand hole" in tho head about a
month ago. He drilled a nolo and
Inserted a brass bushing, which itbp*
ped the lenk. Shortly afterward!
another holo developed, and he put
in anothor plug. Mr. W. L. David,
manager of the laundry at that timo,
ordered new heads.. Recently the
leak had becomo moro pronounced,
and a crack appeared, but whon tho
witness called Mr. Tupper in, ho wai
poiitivo the break was not aa long
as the latter stated.
The verdict was as follows:
" "The deceased diod through the
explosion of a steam mangle at the
Peerless Laundry ,nnd we aro of the
opinion that the engineer should be
censured for operating machinery,
knowing it to bo defective.
"We also censuro tho management, owner or owners, for allowing
it to bo operated aftor the report of
the engineer.
"Wo, as a jury, feel it should be
the duty of tho boiler or factory inspector to inspect all steam-operated
machinery of this cIbss."
Thoso who followed the develop1*
ments in the recout strike of Laun*
dry Workers will be aware thnt the
management of the Peerless Laundry refused to recognlzo tho union,
and were uble to keep thoir plant in
operation wilh the aid of a number
of patriotic workers, who preferred
to see thc firm make profits rathor*
than members of their own class
work under decent conditions.
The engineer, J. W. Dean, who
wos in chargo of tho steam plant at
the time of tho accidont, was one of
those patriotic workers referred to,
and was expelled by his union for
working during tho recent striko.
The reason for him doing so may
havo been due to his ignorance, for
ho has demonstrated same by allow
ing such an accident to occur.
A man with such colossal ignorance, both as to his class position in
society and his knowledge as to his
duty as an engineer, should not bc
allowed to take a position of responsibility among decent workers, and
the boiler inspector ihould take
■tops to cancel his licenae, for it is
dangerous to allow a man to have
charge of a steam plant who would
prefer to take chances on sacrificing
tho lives of his fellow workon, rathor than have his boss sacrifice a
few dollars in preventing same, or
sacrifice his hold on a job by taking
a definite stand on a question which
he must havo known, endangered
the lives of Ub fellow workers. This
accidont ihould at least be the causo
of a thorough investigation of all
■team plants in the city. Many of.
the public building!-such at kot.lt
and places where largo number! of
pooplo are congregated, ktvo Iheir
stoam plants operated by men not'
qualified te operate them, and a
number of Chinese aro employed et
thli work. Whon will the boiler and
factory Inspeoton get buiy I    WUl
LOGGERSNOWHAVETRADES COUNCIL TAKES UP
OVER5.0000FA    LAUNDRY WORKERS'PEATH
Reports from Local Unions Show That
Majority of Locals Favor the One Big
Union Movement—Problem of Labor
Temple  Finances   Again  Crops  Up
Men Were Not Aliens Until They Asked for
Better Wages
Lett night't Tradu Council meet-visit to Butte, where ke had, in com-
g woe mostly taken up by tho Pany with Alf. Sudden, spoken ai
.w T.mrf« „,».ti_*. v, n,»„__   the May Day celebration. He stated
The Strike Is Still On At
Different Points in
the Province
She's everl The 6000 membership
hss been reached. How's that for
fifteen weeks' organization of the
Loggers by tke loggort, for the loggers!
The name at the present time
hardly fits the organization, which
also includes construction men. It
rather reminds us of the old lady of
BO, named Lily May. It might have
•nited hor at one time, but hardly
fills the bill when she has lost hor
bloom and freshness. Not that the
B. C. L. U. has reached ita second
childhood, in fact it is just beginning to fool itl f.et. This it evidenced by the three ttriket on its
hands tt th. present time. At
Princeton, Courtenay and Michel,
affecting directly over 1000 men and
indirectly a vast number owing to
tho principles at stake. At Princeton the question is the employers
want the maximum length of working day, and the minimum wage,
whilst the men insist upon an-8hour
day with a minimum of 60 cents an
hour. The employers are up againBt
a stiff proposition, and realize it to
such an extent that they have re*
sorted to their usual tactics of attempts to create troublo and calling
evory one an alien enemy who refuses to accopt the terrms offered.
Its strange that the men were not
alien enemies and undesirable citizons until they demanded better
working conditions. Tho Industrial
Belations Commission, now Bight-
seeing throughout the Dominion,
may be able to see whero thc mutual interests of the workers nnd employers come in. If they con do so,
it would be a good policy to make a
motion picturo of it, and givo froe
exhibitions throughout the world.
Their fortunes would be made, even
if no charge was made for admission
A largo and very representative to see the show. Bockefeller, Fla-
body ot the machinists of the city voile and Co. will willingly pay all
fisrmerly connected with Lodge No. exponsoB in the interest of peace and
—'   -  - plenty (of profits).   At Courtenay,
ing i
Labor Temple question. Mr. Orehan,
auditor of the company, appeared
before the council in executive
icssion at 0.15 and gave the coun-
ell the exact financial position of
tho eompany. At the close of the
executive session it was moved that
tho oxecutivo bring in a roport at
the noxt meeting of the council as
to future action.
laundry Accident
The question of tho death of two
women laundry workers at tho
Peerless laundry was raisod by Del.
Littlo, who movod that a special
committee be formed to investigate
into the whole question of the cause
of tho accident.
Del. Miss Gutteridge stated that
the factory and' othor acts were
totally disregarded In the--laundries
in the city. Another delegato
Btated that only a short time ago
a mangle at anothor laundry ha*:
burst, fortunately at a time when:
the workers were at lunch,
Del. Smith pointed out the need
for better organization ao that the
workers eould compel tho enforcement of the laws, and urged thc
formation of the 0. B. U. to bring
this about. The committee appoint-
ed was Dol. Miss Outtcridge,
Woods, Deacon, Alexander and
Littlo,
The executive committeo in reporting on the matter of tbe internal
dispute in the Streot and Electric
Bailway Employees' Union, which
waB brought bofore the laBt,meeting of the council, by the B" C*. Electric Beform Association, stated that
it was not tho duty of the council
to interfcro in tho internal affairs
of any union, and eould not make
any further recommendation than
that made by the special committeo
somo weeks ago to the effect that
a referendum vote on the swing
shift question bo taken, The recommendation was adopted.
A communication was ■ received
from the workers at the Brunswick
Gramophone Company, stating tbat
tho strike was'over, and all the demands granted.
717 International Association at
Machinists, whose charter was with-
Anuni unconstltltlonally by the Gen*
tttl Executive owing to the local
ig financial assistance to the
. utlve of the One Big Union, met
ti the Labor Temple laet Saturday
afternoon to consider the situation
up to .dato.
.The whole proceeding was laid
before the meeting and freely discussed. Tho favorable action of the
Trades and Labor Council and Its
generous offer of financial assistance was received with applause.
Want Funds Released.
Ae a result of the meeting It was
unanimously decided to accept the
revocation of the charter and continue proceedings against the International tor the release ot the
funds claimed by It and now tied up
by an Injunction order of the court.
If the funds are released they will
be divided pro rata by the Trustees to all members In good standing at the time ot the revocation.
The nieeting unanimously decided
to form themselves Into a body to
be known as Machinists Union
Loesl No. 1 and to adopt the necesssry rules and regulations tor tbe
proper management of the same.
Will Reduce Duea.
•In view of the fact that former
Lodge No. 777 I. A. of M. had been
sending about $300 per month to
Its International headquarters and
also paying a per capita tax for the
support of a District Lodge neither
of which had functioned to any extent, It was decided, that having had
these barnacles removed, that it
would reduce the dues to the following amounts; Machinists $1,
Specialists, 75c and Helpers BOc per
tuontli.
The new union lias procured more
suitable headquarters at 440 Pender
St. West where the hall, business
agents office, reeding room and library are all located.
Ordinary meetings ot the local
Will be held on the first Saturday
In tho month at 2:30 p.m. and on
the second and fourth Tuesdays at
7.30 p.m.  Phone Sey. 3510.
The B.C. Federatlonist wishes the
new union every success and congratulates It on having secured the
eervlces of Mr. .1. Wulne, an old
resident of this city, and favorably
known In business and engineering
circles, to represent them as business agent.
(Continued on Page. 8)
 May Day i	
tha| the worken wire taking a good
deal of notiee of the 0. B, U. movement in Canada, end tkat the minen
wire in line with the new move,
ment. He alio reported attending a
meeting at Great Falli on Sunday
lait. He itated that in tpite of
tke feet that tho people had keen
toid that ho wat a foreign agitato*,
that he had a good meeting. He r*
ported that tho Teamsters of tkat
city, had had their charter revoke!
because they had circularized Hit
local unioni protesting againit the
money boing ipent by Ihe international for autos, which they claimed waa not in the interests of tie
workeri. Ho ssid that the workers -
were ia lino for the 0. B. U. and
had stated that if a oonvention was
held in Canada tto form the now of.
ganization that they would be" represented if possible. He also states!,
that aftor what he had seen of tke
Butte Daily Bulletin, that he was
nore convinced than ever that tea
vorkers in Vancouver should start a
daily paper. He also brought the
greetings of the feutte and Great
Falls workers to the workon of Vancouver.
Del. Wells reported that he had
heard from Del. Kavanagh aa te
the longshoremen's convention, and
the O. B. U., which ii reported Is
another column in this issuo.
Favor tbe 0. B. V.
Undor the head Of reports of organizations, tho Millmen reported
that they had votod in favor of
the 0. B. U., aa did the Butchers,
the Plasterers, Longshoremtn,
Lathers aud the Civic Employees;
in somo instances the opposition
was practically nil. The Musician!
voted against, 22 for and 42
against. The Browery Workors else
voted in favor. The Electrical
Workers stated'that it was expoctcd thoir voto when counted would
be in favor.
Tho Machiulsts of the late lamented Lodgo 777 roported that
they had organized as Local No. 1
of Vancouvor. This statemont waa
grooted by applause.
Tho notice of motion to amend the
constitution to eliminate   all   but
A. 3. lltS AT
"The One Bigr Union and
Tendencies of Working
Class Movement"
With one so well versed in his
subject aB Comrade Wells and an
enthusiast in nddition, it may be
taken for granted thnt the audienco at thc Federated Labor Party
meeting noxt Sunday evening will
gain a clear idea as to just what
it intended by present phasca of
working-class agitation.
Successful meetings were held at
Bevelstoke, Silvorton, Nelson and
Fornie during lost week by Comrade E. T. Kingsley. Only at the
first-named place wus thero any at*
tompt made to disturb the audience.
As usual, this came from a very
youthful and very ill-informed minority of alleged patriots urged on
by one individual whoso training
might have boon expected to assist
in the production of a gentleman,
Another good meeting, the last of
tho season, was held at Victorin,
where Kingsley was tlio spenker.
At tho last general nieeting of
tho Vancouvor branch a committoe
was appointed to mnko nrrango*
ments for an outing on Dominion
Day; tho idea being to bring all
tho branches on tho Lower Mainland together on that holiday.
John H, Kirby, president of thc
United States Lumbermen's Association, is alleged to hnvo proposed
a Ku Klin Klan to assault und murder Labor leaders.
The Blacksmlthi and the 0. B. U.
The Vancouver Blacksmiths Local
161, have voted on the 0. B. U. and
tho ballots have been counted, the
result Is as follows, in favor 106,
against 13. Tlie Victoria Local 312,
has also voted and tlie result la
similar to the Vancouver voto, ln
favor 04, against 0. On the General
Strike on the 6 hour day, the vote
In Vancouver was, In favor 73,
•gainst 45. In Viotorla ln favor 38,
against 33. From this vote lt is
Very evident that the head Is not
wagging the tail of the blacksmiths.
The Britiih Minister of Labor
Hates that 088,019 persons wcro unemployed during the last week of
March.
Warehousemen
Members are hereby notified to
turn in their duo books to th. office, 587 Homer street on or before
next Wednesday, and they will ro*
coivo now books on payment of May
dues at tho next meeting on Wednesday night in room 401 Labor
Temple. The offlee is open all day
Saturday.
■t-
™■»(■■* i**.!**-*™, uE.iuuBe iu me -Buiiu*-**-
of organiezd labor, wat read a third
time and adopted. The couneil
adjjourned afOTTO^-fii.   .
Business Agent Midgley reported  ..,._,.„_ ., v a,_   „,.    „WM
on the organiation of the Janitors I wage earners, or those in the employ
and the American   Can - Company I-*   -     •    -■- - -
employoes, and the efforts that
were being made to organize tko
White Lunch workers in the city,
and that he had seen Mr. Sorenson,
who stated that ho would communicate his decision to the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees. He also reported on an interview he had with
Col. Molloy, who was concerned
with returned soldiors getting back
into industry. He stated thut Col.
Molloy had said that considerable
difficulty was being experienced in
getting the soldiers to settle down
to steady work. He also reported
that the directors of the f-edcrn-
tionist had met, and decided lo
chango the financial arrangements
of the company, giving the manager full power to carry out all
financial transactions of tho company, and placing him under bonds.
Dol. Pritchard reported   on   his
Mayor Hanson of Beattle ia being
   .... B._ „..v.   roundly condemned for openly adit need tho sacrifice of more lives to vocating a hanging bee for Labor
get them te sett I leaders, by his compatriots.
Street and Electric
ees
Division No. 101
Special meetings will
be held on Monday,
May 12, in the Oddfellows' Hall, Mount
Pleasant, to hear
speakers, and to discuss the O.B.U.
Speakers:
V. R. Midgley
W. A. Pritchard
Meetings 10 a.m. and
7 p.m.
Union Demands Apology
or Libel Proceedings
WiU Be Started
During tho last week, the daily
papers havo enrried an advertisement of tho Copper Mountain Construction Company, in which it is
stated that the B. C. Loggers Union
wns organized and owned by E.
Winch, the president of thc Vancou-
ver Trades und Labor Council, and
that he had engineered the strike in
carrying out his declared policy of
war on capital, and a lot more rubbish about I. W. W. and alien enemy lvorkcrs ,otc., etc., ad naseum.
The Loggers Union has, through ils
legal representative, demanded nn
apology from tho papers currying
this nd., and from tlio company in
question. Failing an npol-igy, pro
cccdings will he carried to thc courts
for (lainugcs under criminal libel
proceedings.
Tho Millmen hnvo voted by a
large majority for the 0. B. U.
Boys Receiving Technical
Education Enter
Protest
The boys who have about finished
their course at the Technical school
In the city, are very much up' ln
arms over the fact tbat they are
unable to enter the University of
B. C. without an academic martlcu-
lation. They claim that they were
promised three years ago, that they
would be allowed to enter the university, or at least be able to complete their education on technical
lines. They have sent letters of
protest to the Mayor, the Department of Education, the.Canadian
Club, Chamber of Mines, and intend
to send a delegation over to Victoria to interview the government
on what they claim Is a breach of
faith on the part ot the educational
authorities. Thoy will call a strike
they contend if their case Is not
considered and the Injustice recti.
fled. Thoy are in the position where
they have given three yeara to the
technical side of their education,
but are denied the right to complote
It as promised Is their contention.
AT I EMPRESS
Will Deal With Matters
Vital to Working
Ll
IN
That we are In the midst of an
epoch 01 revolution no one can
deny. The social horizon is replete with signs and portents of still
greater upheavals. They will be accompanied with less violence, and
less disorder, If every man and
woman endeavors to understand the
nature of the Impending chango and
the necessltyfor it. The function
of the Socialist Party of Canada Is
one of education, to explain the
Sooial structure of Society.
Jack Kavanagh Is tho speaker
next Sunday, at the conclusion ot
hli address the platform will be
thrown open to anyotie who cares
to tako It either for or against the
speaker following that questions
will be In order. Doors open 7:30
p.m. chair taken 8 p.m. sharp.
After Lengthy Discussion
Pass Resolution for
0. B. U.
The Longshoremen's Pacific Coast
convention was opened In Seattle
on Monday morning, there being
delegates present from San Dlego
ln the south to Prince Rupert In
the North. Acting mayor Lane ot
Seattle was Invited to address the
convention, the British Columbia
delegates protested against any
civic official o( Seattle addressing
the convention, and withdrew In a
body during the address to show
their disapproval ot the procedure.
After a discussion which lasted
through three sessions, a resolution favoring the formation ot an
Industrial union, and later affiliating with the One Big Union ot Canada was adopted, and a referendum
of the membership ia to be taken
during the month ot June, only one
voto was cast ln opposition to the
proposal. The Sentiment In Seattlo Is strongly ln favor of tho One
Big Union, as agalnit the Duncan
plan.
A new organization composed of
unions afflliated with the Seattlo
central lahor body, came Into being
lost Sunday. The object being to
deal with economic question.*!, as
the time of the central body Is
taken up with political questions.
Labor troubles are looming up. ln
the sound city, and a break Is expected at any minute. J. Kavanagh
preildent of tho B. C. Federation
of Labor addressed tbo central body
of Seattle in Wednesday night, on
the question of the One Big Unloa PAGE TWO
Eleventh teab. no. i»
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10
If Yoa Are fa fjvor oi the O.B.'U
Corp. Grawford Wag in
Germany for Over
Three Years
That the workerB of Germany
Have for ever dono wilh the old regimo is thc impression of Corporal
J. Crawford, of tho 7th Battalion,
C. E. F. Speaking to n representative of The Fedorationist on Tuesday lust, Corp. Crawford stnted that
he was onc of tho first contingent,
and that ho wns wounded, gassed
und taken prisoner in April, 1915,
at the second battle of Tpres. He
was n prisoner of wnr for three
years and eight Inonths, nnd returned to tho const on Saturday lait, being ono of tho Adriatic contingent.
He has boen, during the time of his
internment in 38 lungers and commands in Germany nnd Belgium.
Crawlord enliBtod in Nanalmo, and
was ovor in the coal city for the
wookond, but returnod to Vancouver in connection with his desiro to
tako up vocational training, he being no longer able to follow hii old
occupation as a minor. Speaking of
ihe trip ovor on the Adriatic, he said
that the men wore packed like ear-
dinoi, and that the food was only
fair. When asked as to his views on
the situation in Canada, ha stated
that he w'as surprised to aee that
while tho Canadian soldiers had been
overseas lighting militarism, that
this Bpirit had evidently taken a
strong hold iu this country. Ho also
said he was surprised to flnd bo
many returnod won without employment. Ho said that if tho poople of
Canada prized their liberties, thoy
must light tho military and imperialistic spirit.
Taken prisoner at tho second battlo of Ypros, he was taken to Rulers
in Belgium, and was taken from
thore to Geiosen iu the Province of
Essen, from thore ho went to Lamp*
them in Mnnnhcira on July 18th,
11115. This place is one of the largest munition centres in Germnny.
During his stay here, the Allies
mnde severnl air raids, but nono of
the munition plants wero nffected,
and he was told that prior to the
war, they were controlled by British
capital. On August ths 15th, 1917,
he was in Berlin, where he stayed
for 88 hours. "While thoro he was
told by German soldiors, members of
the Prussian Guards, that it was tho
intention to call a gonernl striko on
January 1, 1918. On August 87th,
ho landed at Koenigsburg, and was
there when the general striko was
called, on the date which had been
given him by the Prussian Guards.
All factories at Koenigsburg, 8tet-
ten, Oldenburgh and Berlin wero
stopped for nine days, and the workers refused to return to work until
they wero promised that the war
would ond not later than the autumn
of 1918. The flrst day of the striko,
the Gorman troops released the prisoners of war in Stettin, and told
them they were froo. The authorities ordered four battalions of Gorman soldiers who were in training
for the front, to flre on the strikers,
men, womon and children. This thoy
refused to do ,and flred in the. air.
At this demonstration of mutiny, the
German mailed flat relaxed, and the
people wore promised that it would
be the lait yoar ef the war.
Leaving Koenigsburg, Corporal
Crawford went baek to Berlin on
June 4th, 1918, and stayed for another two days there. He had conversation with members of the different battalions, amongst which
were Prussian Guards, who told him
that they had como to the conclusion
that the Kaiser and his sattelites
did not intond to end tho war, and
they would end it themselves by demobilizing, and refusing to light.
They also told him that pamphlots
were being issued to the troops as to
the movoment to drop their arms,
and to cease lighting. Crawford
said that they had, after four years
of war, como to realize that they
were not lighting for their own, or
their wives and families' interests,
but for ths intorests of the German
Junker and ruling class, They had
realized that while ths rulers had
plenty to *■«*, that thoir wives and
families wero in want when they
went to the front. He said that thli
idea was prevalent, not only
amongst tho soldiers, but
amongst the lower ranks of tho commissioned officers. Tho old animosity
against British and other prisoners
of war vanished. They had at laat
realized that had beon fighting for
the capitalistic class, of which class
the Kaiser wus tho head.
On December 26tb, aftor the armistice was declared, Crawford was
in Delmanhurst, whioh is a large
military centre, when ho saw the
German army returning. The men
in most instances hnd disbanded on
their own initiative; the streots
were decorated with bunting, etc.
He saw officers of high commands,
who had been responsible for many
of the brutalities, which tho men
bad to commit under the penalty of
doath, stripped of their decorations
on tho streets by the soldiers. Evory*
thing waa carried out with perfect
order, ho stated, tho soldiers and
marines working together with perfect unanimity, with the organized
workers. As regards tht stories of
bloodshed aud atrocities which had
boon given out ia tho press, they
were without foundation. Huge placards woro displayed everywhero advising tho soldiers not to loot, or
plunder, and that food would be distributed equally amongst the poople,
womon and children coming flrst.
Crawford also saw Bremen after
tho armistice was signed. This Is
one of tho largest seaports in Gormany. Here again everything was
earriod out in aa orderly manner,
the soldiors, sailors nnd labor again
standing together in their opposition
to tho ruling class of ths Gorman
Empire. On the 2nd of January, he
was in Hamburg, where order prevailed, the old regime boing replaced
by the nsw control of the workers,
Speaking of the Gorman peoplo as
a whole, ho stated that the peasant
class woro unoducuted, and that thoy
wert taught only such things as
wert liable to inculcate ths military
spirit. Ho stated ho hus seen ths
officers of German regiments knock
a soldier down, and kick him after
lis was prostrate, because hs had
mado somo trifling mistake in his
drill, nnd that after peace was
brought about by the signing of tke
nrmistice, the British soldiers were
thankod for having brokon the military rulo that had so long held thom
in ssubjection. Ho says that for
two years the people of Germany
shod tried to bring the war te an
FIGHT FOR IS
Capitalists Are Unable to
Supply Their Saviors
With Jobs
Forty thousand men have been
laid off in one plant in Connecticut.
Every trade in Now York City is at
a standstill, due to strikos. Three
hundred discharged soldiers applied
for one job at 44 Court street,
Brooklyn, N. T. The job was for
a porter at $16 per week.
Moro than 1,200 dischargod soldiers have applied at the government employment office in New York
and wore told that thore were no
jobs to be had. Just a momont,
Fivo hundred soldiers have registered complaints in Chicago that
their former omployers refused to
take the old employees baek who
joined the colors, owing to the fact
that a groat many war contracts
have been cancelled. The farmers
claim, that there is an oversupply of
farm labor, and that it is foolish to
promote farming just now because
as a last resort to get rid of the
obligation due the soldier.        '■"'-\
MEN IN KHAKI
and you wish to render financial support to the committee in charge of the propaganda, and the taking of
the referendum vote, cut out this coupon and mail it
with your donation taihe Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. R. Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
" c. ,:
B
To the Secretary of tht Central Committoe of the 0, B. U.
Enclosed please flnd the sum of $...
..as my
contribution towards the propaganda and expense in taking the referendum vote for the 0. B. U. You need not
send a receipt, and acknowledgment through The Federationist will be sufficient.
(Signed)..
League of Nations
[By Chas. Lestor.]   ni   _
The League of Nations needs to
bo studied and understood M jdh
proletariat and the following! mak
help our elass to realizo Ita \_Vfy
tion.
The proposal pnt forward by Wil*
aon has been torn up and replaced
by another concocted at Downing
Street and as one well-informed
writer puts it: "Tho leaguo is a betrayal and a farce!" "The American draft has been torn up' and
thrown away, Tho present draft Is
full ot 'Mays' and short on 'shalls'.
There is no democracy in ib It is
a league of foreign ministers who
may proceed to do anything they
care to, just as at present, All minorities aro deluded. It is a Holy
Alliance to preserve the status quo.
Article XI. gives the. league 'the
right—makes it a duty, even—to
sond armies into Bussia or any other
revolutionary country and restore
'order,' whother the rebellion there
'immediately affects any of the high
contracting parties or not'."
Tho present 'league' was in existence nearly a year ago. A Kear York
Irishman who writes for a prominent religious journal, atates that "I
read it nine months ago. A friend
of mino in the British foreign offlee
showed it to me, when I was in
London last year. It was written
thore soon after the English decided
that some kind of a league was inevitable." This accounts for the
statoment of Winston Churchill:
"Tho British government is not
a mere lip server to the League of
Nations. President Wilson's flne
conception was largely worked ont
by the genius of British brains."
The league that the proletariat is
studying is the league proposed by
Wilson, but this no longer exists except as camouflage. It enables the
ruling class to plot the ruin of the
working class unperceived. Here
again, War Minister Churchill, gives
us a clue: "The league will be on
trial at the outset. The idea that
we can leavo tho greater part of
Europe and part of Asia in chaos
and anarchy ii most absurd."
Quito so. For doos not Article XI.
disclose the foresight of British
genius by providing that.
"It is heroby also declared and
agreod to be the friendly right of
each of the high contracting parties
to draw the attention of the leaguo
to any circumstances affecting international intercourses which
threaton to disturb international
poaco or the good understanding botwoon nations upon which peace: depends, and the high contracting pan*
tiesercsorvo tho right to take j any
action that may be deemed wise and
effectual to safeguard the pcaoe el
nations." -    f-
Foland and Finland, certainly end
perhaps Siberia and Georgia, will
be admitted te the League of Nations, Their very flrst "higjii-con-
trading' 'acts will be to complain
against Soviet Bussia, and thus permit Mr. Churchill to fulfill his prophecy. .
It is tha duty ef the proletaries
to oppose this and every other scrap
of paper that has bsen drawn- up
without its knowledge or consent..
"Safe for democracy, forsooth,
democracy is safe in jail."        i ,
Plumbers Get 8T.50
Memphis, Tenn.—A    new    scalo
has boen agreed upon whioh gives
the striking plumbers 87.50 per day.
end, and that tho peoplo had a secret method of conveying information one to another, as to the activities ef the food controller, and that
on information boing received, the
food was hidden, or moved from the
chanco of being commandeered.
His concluding statements were
in the nature of a warning te the
people of this country. He urged
that evory effort be put forwnrd by
the workere to prevont tho cvidont
intent to foster militarism and imperialism in this country, nnd stated
that this would have to bo tho work
of the soldiers and Labor.
German   Arms  Crushed
the Proletarian
Movement
The central committeo of the Finnish Communist party has sent the
following greetings to the Gorman
Spartacus group:
We want to draw the attontlon of
the Gorman workors to the unfortunate condition of the Finnish proletariat, evon though we are but a
small nation. It was tho Gorman
arms that crushed our revolution in
the spring of 1918, and with the
aid of Gorman arms alone have the
capitalists, of Finland been ablo to
maint.^.... iheir horrible class rule,
■it was the German arms that
brought defeat to the workors of
Finland and the defoat was followed
by slavery, famine, suffering and
death.
In January, 1918, we, the Finnish
proletarians, stood in arms seeking
for bread, freodom and -justice. The
movement was a proletarian revolution under the red banner of Socialism. We had a rod army of 70,000
mon who heroically shed their blood
on the snow-covored fields of the
north in bohalf of freedom and the
rovolution. But just then the White
Guard, the White Guard of the Finnish capitalist, receive* voluntary
aid from the Swedish, Norwegian
and Bussian counter revolutionaries.
But even with this voluntary aid
the Finnish capitalists would have
been unable to smother the rovolution had not Germany sont a large
army into, Finland. Against thia superior force fought, and unsuccessfully.
Then commenced the bloody,
beastly white terror. Drunk with
victory, the capitalist took satisfaction in forming rivers of blood of
the workers. Throughout the land
mass shootings of the workers, with*
out trial or sentence, took place.
This proceeding waa particularly directed againat the men foremost and
active in workers' organisations,
newspaper editors and officers of the
Bed Guard. In prison eamps the
revolutionary workers wore abandoned to death by starvation. Doath
sentences also demanded their toll.
From what we can gather, the number of tho murderod reaches 30,000.
The crucified proletariat of. Finland bitterly condemns Gorman imperialism and ita hand-maidens, the
Scheidemanns.
During the civil war in. Finland,
when At became known that Gormany was going to aend her army
into Finland, some of our comrades,
rosiding in Berlin at the time, appealed to the executive eommittee
of the Majority Socialists and to thc
editorial staff of Vorwarta, asking
them to prevent their government
sending forces to Finland. Bnt what
was the answer of the Scheldemansf
Am I my brothers' keeper! If tho
Finnish White Guard have secured
tho use of German forces and munitions, it is only for the ohastising
of criminals. According to these
gentlemen Finnish revolutionists
were merely criminals. According to
them, our 70,000 Bed Guard soldiers,
who were offering thoi? services
freely for the cause of revolution,
and politically organized ranks of
the Finnish working class, were only
a bunch of criminals, and the decadent, bloodthirsty capitalist waa in
their eyes the vanguard of kultur
and order. For this reason we condemn the Scheidmans just as well
as imperialists. Their bauds are red
with blood of Finnish workers. And
this was not onough. In Ukraine
and in the Baltic provinces proletarian revolutions wore also defeated with German force. What a
criminal governmental system you
have, you German workers.
But now you havo riBen, you Gorman workers and comrados. Tou
havo hoisted high the emblem of
freedom. The Spartaous confederacy
is leading you to freedom, away
from political and economical bondage of capitalism. Long live the
freo soldier and the free worker!
Long live tho German revolution!
We, Finnish workers, all the crucified Finnish proletarians, are now
following with tears of joy in our
eyes, the uprising of the German
workers and soldiers, for the acquis*
ition ef power into the hands of
German workers and soldiers will
also bring freedom to the workers
of Finland. The German workers
and soldiors will help us arise from
bloody bondage.
The German workers and soldiers
under the leadership of Spartaeans
have gained the position of honor
in the front ranks of the Social revolution. We, the oppressed workers
of Finland, the revolutionaries in
prison camps and in oille, herewith
sond our brotherly greetings to the
workors and soldiers and to their
party, the Spartacan group. A new
hope is dawning lu the breast of the
Finnish proletariat. The Finnish
Communist party is organized and
is working partly open in Bussia
and iu places secretory In Finland.
And soon the Finnish proletariat
will again ongage in open combat.
Like wounded but courageous young
lions will it rise. Regardless of its
bloody defeat the Finnish proletariat is again prepared to fulfill its
duty in the battlo front of International revolution.
With brotherly sreetlms te Ger-
Beat Up Men and Women
and Smash Furniture
in New York
New Tork.—One hundred thugs in
uniforms of soldiers, sailors and ma*
rines, led by Louis Kuklc, a speak*
er for the United States Victory
loan organization stormed the Call's
new building. Into the-midst of a
poacefull housewarming party broke
the brutal marauders, shouting:
"We aro Empy's men and we are
hore to smash the Call's plant."
The assault then began.
Leave Trail ef Blood
Women and children were wanton*
ly terrorized, while mon wero mauled
up with clubs, bannisters and table
legs. Scores of persons who were
forced to run the gauntlet of the
uniformed hoodlums on the stairway
to tho street were knocked to tho
pavement, had their clothing ripped
off and were beaten black and blue.
Not until several minutes aftor the
raiders and victims had departed,
leaving a trail of blood in the building, did tha police appear. It is
said the raiding party was organized
by Barney Dreyfus, formerly of the
Forty-eighth Canadian regiment and
Louis Lippinan, speaker for the government loan organization of the
Socond Federal Beserve district, in
addition to Kukle. Kukle afterwards unwittingly confessed to tho
Call that ho was the ring leader,
and gloatingly described the atrocities committed by the raiders.
While boasting over tho tolophone
of the exploits, his confession was
overheard and taken down by a
stenographer and other witnesses.
He says, iu part:
"I was the ring-leader and we
certainly kicked hell out of the men
in the Call building. If anything
had happened and anyone was killed,
I suppose I would be hold for inciting to riot. It would be my bit
for Guy Empy's magazine 'Treat
'em rough' is very good and it had
a certain-amount of effect on the
boys. The police seem to be in sympathy with us." He named four
army and navy offlcors who were in
the party.
Hen and CHrls Assaulted
The attack on the Call followed a
raid on the Band school, by the
same gang, led by a bugler. Soldiers climbed np the flre escapes and
in the windows, but wero persuaded
to withdraw. The pack then stormed tho Bussian People's house and
assaulted two men and girls, de*
stsoyed property and loft after the
main attempt, to disrupt the May
Day rally of the Amalgamated
Clothing Workera at Madison
Square Garden.
In the afternoon, the hoodlums,
with incroasod forcos, tried to storm
the different unions of the oity in
tho garden. That night 1,500 police and SOO provost guards kept the
marauders from entering a hall
where 15,000 workors voted unanimously for three five-day general
strikes to free Tom Mooney aud
Warren K. Billings, to take place
July 4, on Labor Day and November 10.
Many Prominent Speaker!
Bona Mooney, Israel Weinberg,
Dudloy Field Malono, Dr. Juda
-lagnes and Anton Johonnson were
the principal speakers. Walter Cook,
New Turk stato secrotary of the socialist party, was boaten unconscious by a soldier and two sailors
nt Brook avenue and 149th street,
He was taken te the Lincoln hospital after the attack, upon leaving
the police station, where he had
boen taken after he was arrested
at the meeting of the unton bakers.
After the raid the sailors escaped,
but the soldier was arrested and
identified by Cook, but was released
by the policemen.
Farm Labored' Average
Toronto, Ont.—The average wage
rate paid to farm labor ia Canada in
1918 wu the highost on record. During tho summer the average rate a
month .including board, was e>70 for
mon, again of ill in one yoar; and
$38 for womon, a gain of 44. For
the whole year 1918 the average
wage rate, including board, was (817
for mon and 416 for womon, a gain
of (8 and $82 respectively, ovor
1917. Tho average value of board
per month in 1918 was 821 for men
and $17 for womon, against $19 and
$18 in 1917.
man workers and soldiers and to tho
Spartacan group.
THE CENTBAL COMMITTEE OF
FINNISH COMMUNIST PABTT.
I Canada rood Bond:
S   License 8—1855   :
GET 'EM
at the lowcat price, where you get
the bost quality and good, efficient
sorvico, too.
B. and K. Wheat Flakes,    An
regular 36c for OUC
Eagle Brand and Beindoor n/».
Milk, per tin  .„ _£UC
Flavoring   Extracts,   Nabob,   Mai-
' kin's and Empress; OA__
t-Oz. bottles  -CUC
Nabob Coffee, CA__
per tin    OUC
Tea, regular 78e psr lb.      BA__
for ... OUC
Boyal Crown Soap, nn
6 bars for   _t-t\*
Gold Dust, large •»(■
packages    _ *faOC
Canned Fruits—Bsd Cherries, Pineapple, Peaches, Plums      fj-J
aad Blueberries, per tin.. S&OC
Pacific Milk, tall tins, O C _.
3 for  — «50C
Crlsoo, _*__.
per tin OsJC
Aunt Dinah Molassss, «B
tegular 85o tins for  s_OC
PBBSH AHD OUBBD MEATS
S. T. Wallace's
MARKETARIA
118 HABTINM ST. W.-SET. 1286
■H_________________i
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Don't forget to shop early for these 825 Suits—they go out often
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_ m MEMBERS of thla flunlly—the new
10 Black or Blue Serge—the Donegal Tweed
—the Black and White Check—the fine serge
in ten popular shades	
$25
HASTINGS ST. W.
Near Oranvllle
Mr. Union Man, do you buy at a
union store!
NODELAY
SHOE CO.
1047 Granville Street
Phene Bey. 1479
Operaton of the largest Goodyear SHOE BEPAIB plant la
the Oity.
Union Shoe repairing. Bemember our guarantee, men's
and women's soles we guarantee for throe months,
We don't cobble your shoes,
we repair them.
Wo know how; wo are shoe-
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Let us have your next repairs.
Nodelay Shoe Co.
1047 OBANVILLE
Union Shop, Ne. 881
COWAN & BROOKHOUSE
PEWTERS,     _*TIBL_BH__S,     STE-
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Unloa Officials, write for pricei.   We
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KIRK'S
Nanaimo - Wellington
(Double Screened)
COAL
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ALWATS DEPENDABLE
The COAL you want again and
again.
KIRK & CO., LTD.
929 MAIN STREET
Phones:
Seymour 1441 asd 488
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1048 OEOBOIA STBEET
One Block West of Courthouse
Use of Modern Chnpel anl
Funeral Parlors free te all
Patrons
Telephone Seymou 1488
You ean depend on the
Hillcrest
Dairy
A. FISH, Prop.
to furnish you Fun Milk.
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
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a B. LEBB. fttprlttu
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ORPHEUM
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Matinee  240
Evenings  1.90
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CAFE
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Pheae Seymour 985
THE BEBT PLACE TO BAT IH
VANCOUVEB — UNION OABD
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MfanMes
Only WUts Help Employs!
42 Hastings Street Eaat
Our advertisers support the Fed
eratlonlst. It la up to you to sup
port them.	
Bicycles of Real Value-Tisdaffs STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has bsen oor
first consideration. We therefore offer you an eioep.
tionally strong wheel at a very moderate prico.
TISDALL'S LIMITED
THE OOMPLETE SPORTING OOODS STORB
•818 HASTINGS STREET WEST
; all stands
Westminster Brewery Oo. OmoiAL   PAPER   VAB0OHVEB
TBADES  ADD  LABOB   COUNCIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omcuL papbb nm 008V
OKBIA  rBDBBATIOB  OT   LABOB
]
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 19 EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY-MORNING, MAY 9,1919
Re.latered ia sccordinco with Ihe Copyright Act
WELL-BEING
The sense of physical and mental fitness which
goes hand-in-hand with perfeot tooth equipment
is a luxury, in the sense that it permits constant
elation of spirit and the full enjoyment of the
physical life. --The loss of this physical exuber-
ance, through the loss of tooth-efficiency, comes
npon us gradually and often is not realized as a
result of the latter loss. But science has pointed the way to happiness, for true happiness
(well-being) must include health—its physical
basis; and teeth neglected may now be restored
to thcir original beauty and efficiency. The
dentistry of today is at the basis of tho progress
of the day—not as the sole cause, but as one of
the contributing causes—and a most important
one. There is no real efficiency without tooth-
efficiency.
' 0_ But why not be efficient physically
—and so enjoy that exuberance, that
sense of well-being whioh is so luxuriant f Consult me about all tooth
defects.
Pbone Sey, 8444
OPPOSITE
WOODWAKD'S
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINGS & ABBOTT
Announcement—
Dr. Brett Anderson associates Dr. Douglas Ouselman with
himself In the conduct of hi well-known Dental Business at
808 Hastings St. W, cor. Seymour, Bank of Ottawa Bldg.
TUl SRuinsienl hu beea made onliile   the   eiteneire  snd   rapidly-
irowlnj denul practice built up by Sr. Brett Aaieraon lu tbe put twelve
Jeeri. Tho chiraeter ot the aervloe given und the expert work done has
■veloped the builneee to a point where the uioelulon ot • dentiet of
epeelel ability ia neceeeary to meet the demands. Dr. Anderion bas found
In Dr. Uiielman a dentiet of exceptional training and ability, one who
will maintain fully the high alandard of the work for which tbe oBce is
Beted.
reel perfectly free to coniult n> about yoar toeth trouble!.
Drs. Brett Anderson & Douglas
Phons Seymoar S3SI        CflSSellllcUl ?**'**". a»»»a»ss
80S HASTINGS ST. W„ Oor. Seymour
Shoes of Special Merit
There never has been a time whon it was so important
as now to purchase shoes at a shoe store where you take
no risk in prices or values.
"for this reason we Invite you to this store, where you can buy
shoos without a doubt in your mind.
Our stock ie complete and you will like the service you net at
this store..
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
e«6 GRANVILLE ST.-"imion Made root-mar"
THE  PIONEER  OF  UNION  LABELS
A OUABANTEE TO EVERY SMOKER
LOOK  FOR IT-DEMAND IT
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nosh Out .lowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pet Planta
Ornamental snd Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Plorlsts- Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
rLOBISTB AND NORSEBTMEN
2—STOBES-_
•tt Heatings Street Bast 728 Oranvllle Street
r 988*672 Soymour 9513
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
Only Once Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAf)
AND that hand is tho hand that lifts the shaped dough
from tho moulding machine to Ihe pan in which it is
baked.  From the timo tho flour Ib placod in tho dough-
minor machinery docs all tho work, producing thousands of
loaves in tho same time it takes the housewife lo bake four.
Thue hae It
been msde
lioielble I o
bay better
breed st a
Use eeel then
It ess be
kikid al
home.
I
It has, ef course, been everything" 'questions of new nations and new
rood License
No, 5.10*1
Profit System Must Give
Way to Co-operative
Effort
When Comrade Lestor undertook
te speak on "Soeial Unrest and Bo-
construction," at last Sunday's
meeting in the Columbia, he had a
definite proposal to present. This
was nothing less than the formation
of a Soldiers' and Workers' Council
right hero in Vancouver, by the
joint action of the Socialist party,
the Federated 'Labor Party, tho
Trades and Labor Council, and thc
Soldiers' and Sailors' Council or
some such organization of the returnod men. The proposal wes welcomed by the large audience with
Instant applause; and further evidence was shown, before tho close of
tho meeting, of a desiro to givo it
speedy practical effoct.
The unrest was attributed by the
speaker to poverty, fear of poverty,
and the realization that both were
unnecessary. He warned certain
"peddlars of atmospheric merchandise" that they would be sorry if
thoy attempted to deal wUh the situation hero existing by such methods
ns deportation and the use of the
North West Mounted Police. Vancouver was, he claimod, at the present time the most peaceful city in
thc world; and that was due to the
fact that the people hero had been
educated—by tho revolutionists!
In spite of glowing bank reportB,
tho province was falling to pieces;
and the same thing was happening
throughout tho length and breadth
of tho wholo civilized world. Tho
capitalist class could conceive of
nothing to tako tho place of tho collapsing syBtem, and tho human raco
waa asking what was going to become of it. No solution wos forthcoming from any other source than
the revolutionists.
The Bpeaker referred to Olo Hanson and Billy Sunday as "a beautiful pair" who might be put on a
vaudeville tour—after working a
fow years in the mines. The
"bouib" fake just pulled off in the
Statea waa about the most "raw"
of such schemes "to discredit thoBe
who would bring tho people out of
the wilderness." As to the N. W.
M. P.; ho said, "I don't know what
the returned mon thing of thoso followa;" the idea wos that they were
"brought here to see that you starve
quietly whon there is nothing to
eat." s
Never wns thero a time when militarism and capitalism were apparently so safo as now—and yet so
near to destruction. Capitalism was
going to havo an apoplectic fit, and
it was going to happen suddenly.
Thero was going to be chaos and
confusion in every city of the civilized world. They had got to have
an organization ready for the big
leap into the new kingdom. As to
tho returned soldiers, ho said, "As
their money becomes less, their intelligence will becomo more.
(Laughter.) They'll be lined up
with tho working class, becauso
that's whero they bolong." (Applause.) The now organization must
be based on fact, not sentiment;
and they did not havo to wait till
somothing happened in Great Britain or the United Statos. The speaker's viow was that "tho collapse
will occur hero before it does
there;" since this country was less
developed than tho older onea were.
Bussia was a caso in point.
Tho speaker urged that a feWldicrs'
and Workers' Council should bo
formed with all possiblo speed, in
readiness for the next eloction in
B. C. Soldiers' and Workers' candidates should be run, with tho platform of "The provinco of B. B. for
Hlo workers of B. C." In case of
success, thoy should uso their political power "without mercy;" if
thoy did not havo a majority, not a
man should take his seat. Otherwise they would bo blamed for tho
failure of an attempt to perpetuate
the Bystem along capitalist lines,
which was impossiblo.
Capitalism could not be perpetuated even by tho workers thomsolves, though all In tho 0. B. U.
and possessed a stato powor. It was
impossiblo for the master class in
any country to improve the condition of tho workors in that country
or prevont it getting still worse.
Tho proflt system must go complete*
ly by the bonrd. As things wcro
now, It waa going to be hardor in
the futuro for the workors to get
food, clothing and sheltor than boforo. Tho Bussians know that; they
had to establish communism, and
thoir methods would havo to bo
copied. "We shall all havo to go
Bolsheviki, whether we like lt or
no." (Loud applause.) In Hungary,
too, it had been recognized as the
only systom thnt would guarantee
them sustenance.
The speaker procoeded te enquire,
"What shall we have to do when wo
get hold of B. C.I" It was "mostly scenery." (Laughter.) No attempt had ever yot been made to
build up the country. They would
have to scrap thc whole machinery
of tho present regime, and set up
committees of production, distribution, education and defense; thc
last-named would includo lire, police,
law, mail and other departments.
The food question would havo to bo
taken In hand at onco. "It'a quite
possiblo thftt, when we get on top,
wo ahnll have to tnko charge of thc
whole of tho food in thc province
and soe that everybody gels fed."
Then, real estate ngents and thc like
would probably not want to work
in the mines, etc.;" "Wo shall need
soldiors with bayonets to see they
go to work." Thoy would have to
tnko people from tho cities and
place thorn on tho lond. '' Whon this
breakdown takes place all over the
world, wc cannot depend on anyone
but ourselves."
Tho speaker declared he would
liko to havo tho pleasure of "fetching thoBo ladies from Shaughnessy
Heights and putting thom to work
in tho laundries." (Laughter and
applause.) Ho would also onjoy tho
privilege of "taking thoso children
that work in the canneries and putting them to school. (Benewcd
applause.) As to "cooperating,"
the speaker advisod, "do not compromise with tho enemy in the least.
Demand the wholo shooting-match"
Whother they did it now or waited
ten years, thore was no other wny
but a peaco conference. Se far as
the world is concerned, it is a palpable fraud upon tbe world. A small
oxecutive committee, first of ten
men, then of fivo, then of four, has
bsen parcelling out the globe in sessions so secret, that their closest associates, the members of their own
delegations, havo not known what
was going on. The very existence of
tho committee is the result of ae
arrogant, unauthorized assumption
of power, for never and nowhere did
the conference endow Messrs. Wilson, Orlando, Clemonceau and Lloyd
Oeorge with tho authority to trans.
act all the business and come to all
the decisions. The Germans need
not complain if they aro arbitrarily
summoned to Versailles and told to
take the treaty and sign it without
discussion. They are only in tho
same category with all the other Allied delegates to tho "Conference"
excopt four. The Allied delegates,
too, will be told, in the language of
ono of our captains of industry to
his stockholders, to "vote flrst and
discuss afterwards." Of all the
[roups of unemployed workers in
Trance, none are so deserving of
i/mpathy as tho lesser, delegates.
Statesmen like Vcnizelos—and thoro
are a few statesmen in Paris—whatever the appearance to tho contrary,
have been graciously permitted to
appear as export witnesses whenever
the question of the boundaries of
their countricB w-a to be readjusted,
but not otherwise. They aro now
informed thnt tho tfoaty will be
published on April 24, and tbat a
complete copy will be handed to the
Germans on April 28. Between thoso
dates the puppets who aro officially
styled delegates will be given a
chanco to ratify the treaty, bnt that
is all. Thoy aro to bow to the superior knowlcdgo of tho "Big Four"
with the samo obodionco, the some
abnegation of their reasoning faculties and of their consciences, as if
they were willing tools of a Tammany Hall.
How is it possible to produco a
democratic peaco or a lasting ono
under such conditions! A democratic peace, frankly, it can never be;
a lasting poace it cnn only be if
heaven shows an unexampled favor.
Whon tho conferenco assembled,
eleven wars were going on in which
heavy cannon wero being used; at
the beginning of April, it was jestingly said at tho Hotol Crillion (tho
American headquarters) that it was
quite fitting that the wars had
grown to fourteen, because there
was thus ono to each of the fourteen
peace terms. But if the wars havo
multiplied, the fourteen peace terms
have grown stoadily less. One by
one they have been abandoned by
their, originator until their very
names aro almost forgotten. Who
heara today in Paris of the freedom
of the Beast Who, when he reads
of the Saar basin, recalls the fino
■phrase about "no punitive indemnities or annexations!" Actually,
we seem to have progressed but little since Napoleon. If there are today four Napoleons setting up new
governments and redrawing tho
maps, at least tho great emperor
spared tho world the hypocrisy of
clothing his acts in language to
charm—and to be discardod at will.
And while tho "Big Four" havo
wrangled, argued, ro-arguod and
fought, Europe has come to the vory
edge of the abyss. It is civilization
itself that is now trembling in the
balanco.
That Mr. Lloyd George, at least,
sees this is at last apparent. In his
speech laBt week in tho House of
Commons he boldly declared that a
new and moro terrible enomy than
the Germans has arisen in Europe,
namely, hunger; but he forgot to
explain why tho menaco of hunger
communism, and anarchy Ib bo terrifying today as to overshadow everything else, or who is responsible for
its growth to such vast proportions.
It is tho "Big Four" upon whom
this terrible responsibility rests. The
"Big Four" look-from Novembor
until tho end of March to lift the
food blockado of Germany, and
meanwhile Hungary and Bavaria,
and now Vienna, havo surrendered
to communism or anarchy. It took
them until April to decide that
Russia should have food, thus
trying a pacifiat policy where
the policy of imposing their will
by bayonets hnd uttorly and deservedly failed. Poland, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, Italy, those are a few
of the Allied states that aro on the
vergo of revolution or collapse,
either because thoy are hemmed in
by ths blockade of Germany on ono
hand and of Russia on tho other,
or becauso thoy are in such desperate neod of a re-ostablishmont of
normal conditions in social and industrial- life. One of the ablest
American correspondents, with 20
years of international sorvice to his
credit, arrived in Paris throe weeks
ago from Poland, Czechoslovakia
and Italy. When asked his opinion
of the situation in thoso countries
ho shook his head. "What is needed ovon moro than food is the mail,
the uncensorod telegraph, tho cablo,
the commercial travollcr, the through
express, the breaking down of all
tho barriers that war erects botween
states."
Nevertheless, the barriers remain,
and Lloyd Qeorge would fain have
us believe that thero was no othor
way. Peace, he declared, could havo
como no sooner, and his excuse is
the magniludo and the multiplicity
of the problems involved. Novor wns
thero n greater falsehood uttered.
A quick and satisfactory peaco could
have beon obtained by the fifteenth
of January, or even earlier, had
there been no junketing, hnd there
been a real desire for u quick settlement or a sincere adherence to
the fourteen peaco terms. An acceptance of Mr. Wilson's original
terms would have permitted the Allies to go at their leisure into the
boundaries. Such a peace, to which
the immediate signature of Germany
could have been obtained, might
have been obtained, might have been
drawn up in twenty-four hours, It
would have included an agreement
to form a league of nations, the recapture of Alsace-Lorraine, the taking over of the German colonies on
joint account pending a detailed settlement, the seizure of tho entire
German war fleet, the reduction of
the Oerman army to a gendarmerie
for the preservation of order, the
Immediate razing of tho fortifications on the Rhine, and a pledge by
Gormany to make good the destruction in Franco and Belgium. With
this preliminary treaty out of the
way, the blockades could then have
been lifted forthwith. Food would
havo flowed into Bavaria, Austria
and Hungary, and perhaps even Italy
eould have been saved. With normal
intercourse restored throughout Europe, rasped nerves would have been
soothed, immediate needs of food
supplied, tho militant and vengeful
revolutionary spirit checked if not
entirely banished. Further, the safety of the Allies would have been
safeguarded.
Here lies the crux of the matter.
Tell the average Amorican that his
representatives at Paris have boen
working with might and main to get
food to the Central Powors aa well
as to Northern France, Belgium,
Serbia and Poland, and he mutters
something about its boing incredible
and pro-German. It is quite as hard
for aim to see that our Lansings
and Hoovers and Houses and Mc-
Cormicks and Davises and Baruchs
havo beon just and wise in insisting that the enemy must be fed, as
it haa been for Clcmenccau to realize a tho samo necessity. These
Amorican officials who havo conferred so much honor upon our country
abroad, are to bo suspocted neither
of 'Pro-Germanism ' nor of unduo
sympathy with the* enomy. They
havo simply hod tho prevision to
soo that the Central Powers wcro the
koy to tho European revolutionary
situation; that if Bolshevism was to
be chocked it must be checked at
the boundaries of the Central Powors* But others did not sec this, do*
spite ample warnings, and so Bavaria and Hungary havo been com*
munized, and a mischievous and
vacillating Russian policy has been
followed under which Lenine
won one victory nfter another in
tu"e'Beld of diplomacy and in that
of arms.—Tho Nation,
to preserve human lifo on this or
any other continent.
Tho "terrorism" In Russia wns
the work of tho late czar gang, with
whom the Allied governments wcro
cooperating. "If anything should
happen here to goad you into rebel-
lion, the ruling class of this country
would be just as brutal as the ruling elass in Russia or any othor
country. (Applause.) Therefore,
they must move wilh caution and
along constitutional lines. But success wns in sight; there was no need
to bo down hearted. "Hold np your
heads and hurl defiance at thc mas*
ter class of tbis country,"
(In Vsncouver
City, 13.00
) $1.60 PER YEAR.
WORKERS ACTIVE
IN
3(i 3   > . i-i — .......
Industry Being Carried
on at Normal
Rate
Have the horrid Bolsheviks invaded the sacred precincts of the
Britiah government and slipped propaganda into the British White Book
on Bolshevism I
According to that official statement, the linen industry in Central
Bussia is 50 per cent of normal, tho
woolen trado has decreased sixty
per cent; thirty per cent of tho cotton mills have closed down and tho
silk industry is dead. Coal production has fallen sixty per cent, but
heavy crops have boen produced and
thc peasants have made money.
If these figures aro accurate, says
the New Republic, Russia in the
midst of the encircling warfare, is
going through a crisis no more severe than other countries hove
known in time of peace.
How is it possible, for instance,
that acvonty-fivo per cont of hor cotton mills havo remained open! Russia received little more cotton than
was required for military uae during the period beforo the fall of tho
czar; she has received practically
none since.
Where docs the woolen industry
got forty per cent of* tho normal
supply of its raw material! Tho
Czecho-Slovaks had cut off wool imports from Hihcrin, ond the Germans
had cut off supplies from the south.
How is it possiblo lhat so much
industrv oan still bo carried oo, in
face of an Allied blockade!
Governor Flees — Street
Car Men Win Big
Victory
[By W. Francis Ahern]
After a atrike of eight weeks, tke
Perth (Western Australia) tramway
men have won a great victory. Perfect solidarity was sustained, and
not a wheel turned on tho atreet
railways. The men, on the conclusion of their light,' marched back to
the barns singing "The Bed Flag"
and other Labor songs, carrying
banners through, the streets. Prior
to the strike ,they were the worst-
paid street car workerB in Australia
—today they are the best-paid. Besides Increases in wages, there is no
victimization, the union has a say
in the arrangements connected with
running the services which gives the
union tho power to compol every
man to be a unionist; workers travel
to and from work free of charge;
special trains late at night to be run
to tho point nearest their homes. In
addition, they get holidays after
evory 12 months of service.
Governor Flees In Warship
Boing unable to stand his tyrannical    administration"   any    longer,
unionists in the northern territory,
assisted by the residents attacked
tho governor of this northern outpost of Australia.   They gave him
notice to leavo the territory and not
return until thoir grievances were
redressed.   As he did not show any
hurry to depart, a rigorous boycott
was set up, nil food supplies were
cut off, and all servants left his em*
ploy.    It should bo said that the
Northern Territory of Australia is a
hundred por cent, unionized locality.
Thus His Excellency was practically
a prisoner at tho residency savo for
what food and help was accorded
him by friends.   However, on Fobrunry 20th, a warahip entered Port
Darwin and His Excellency, fearing
a furthor disturbance, left Government House by thc back door, guarded by aoldiers and ontercd a launch
which convoyed him to tho waiting
warship.   Ho has since arrived at
the Federal capital, but bo far haa
mado no_ statemont as to his reasons
for leaving.   It has since been announced that he will not return.
To Ballot on tt-Hour Week
Tho executive of the Melbourno
(Victoria,  Australia),  Trados Hall
Council haa decided to tako a ballot
on tke question of tho advisability
of Instituting a 44-hour Week in
Australia.* It is recognized that owing to the growing acutcneBS of the
unemployment question, and the inevitable intensification of tho problem in the novry near future, tho increase in power of production, and
closing down of war industries, eome
means must be devisod of shortening
tho hours of labor as a means to absorbing tho workers thus thrown out
of work.   Dolegates to tho Trades
Council in Victoria aro at present
voting on the scheme, which will bc
carried, and then the matter will be
referred   to   the   other   Australian
States in ordor to bring about a
genoral agitation until tho desired
ond is attained.
Nb.c.
There is Something
«o entirely superior in the custom-made suit as
makes it difficult to underttand how and why ready-
to-wears are aold or purchased except under emergency conditions. There is something, too, so entirely superior about
"B.C." Suits as makes it
easily understood how
and why this company
does a trade far and away
ahead of all others. The
cutting and fitting are
superior; the materials
are superior, and the business ethics—morals, if you
will have it so—are superior. You get what you
pay for, genuine quality
and strictly as represented.
Men's Suits
$35 Up
INDIVIDUALITY
Women's Suits
$45 Up
The B.C. Tailoring Co.
CUSTOM TAILORB TO THE WOBKNO HAN
established
1B10
128  HASTINGS
STREET EAST
"UNION STOBE"
Meat Theatre
lejal
Line Mon Win Strike
Fort Worth, Texas—Lino men employed by the Stone & Webster and
Texas Light Company properties in
this state are out in eleven citios, including this city and Dallas.
'friends
The Secret
of Valley
Dairy Milk
MUST STOP PRINTINO
U. S. SOLDIER PAPERS
Too Many Feddlen Make Officials
Take -Drastic Action
After the conclusion of the Boor
wnr, the English soldiers wko survived .wcro treated to an example
of capitalist class gratitude. Thousands of them wcro forced to beg in
tlio street}*, and it was not an uncommon sight to see flics of veterans
feolng from shop to shop soliciting
Elms. Tho windows of the pawnshops displayed tho medals awarded
lor valor on the field of battle,
•*•*soaked" for a miserly sum by a
starving soldier who had fought
'''for King and country"—and incidentally for Cecil Rhodes and the
mining syndicates.
•( The United States-is rapidly approaching the sume -disgraceful condition as tho following clipping
(proves:
i New York—Orders received from
W-hshington have stopped two of tho
kcftpital-soldicr newspapers published in this eity, and will result in thc
suspension of other newspapers
printed, throughout tho country,
which are dependent upon sales to
the public, by men in uniform.
Thc chief reason for this movo is
to remove the soldicr-peddlars from
tho streets.
Yard Men Oet Advance
Fort Worth, Texas—The new rail
road wage scale will only -effect yard
men to uny extent on the Fort
Worth division of the Texas A Pact-
lie, according to local representatives of th efour railroad brotherhoods. Thc new wage scale is: Foreman, $5.44 per dny; helpers, (6.11
per day; switch tenders, H per day.
Eight hours shull be considered a
day, and overtime shall bo paid for
at the rate of time and a half. This
rule applies only to service en an
hourly and daily basis, and not on
a mileage Ot road basin.
What is the secret of this wonderfully rich Milk—and
ita sense of invigorating nourishment which followa
the use of itf
Ont ln the meadows of Lulu Island there grates a
wonderful herd of purebred Holsteins. It ia impossiblo for ordinary Milk to meet the exacting standard
which VALLEY DAIRY demands of its SPECIALLY
APPROVED MILK FOB BABIE8. BECAUSE there
ia no kord of cattle tn Western Canada that will compare with this famous herd of Holsteins. Their Milk
is so rich and creamy—so full''of nourishing, bodybuilding qualities—that tke daily records show it to
be beyond comparison.
-VALLEY DAIRY-
Say-Hew MS
Our BIG
SALE is
attracting
lots of buyers—and if
you want a
SUIT you
cannot afford to pass our
store without buying.
Our Suits start at $15.00
and range upward.
UNION MEN
-PATRONISE A—
UNION STORE
TEe Jonah-Prat Co.
401 Hastings Street West PAGE POUR
THEB.C.FEDERATIONIST
Published ewy Friday morning br th*
B. 0. Federationist, Limited.
A. 8. Wells Manager
Oflce; Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir
St   Tel. Exchange, Sey. <749(S
After 8 p.m., Seymour 7497K
Subscription Rates: United Statea and
Fowign, |9.00 per year; Canada, $1.50
ft  jest;   in  VaucooTer  City,   $2.00
ter year; to Unions sobscrlbing In a
ody, $1.36 per member per year.
Unity ol Labor: the Hope ol the World.
FBIDAY;	
....May   9, 1919
FOB YEARS the B. C. Federation
of  Labor,  the  Central  bodies,
DiBtriot Boards and other labor
organiationn in this Provinco, hare
been trying to securo the enforcement of the lav^s
SLATES of the land deal-
AEE ing  with   proton-
CHEAP. tion of ths work
ers. To date they
have not succoedsd. Accidents arc
happening every day that could be
avoided, if proper care wero takon.
But to safeguard the workers coats
money, honoe they aro not protected,
and the lawa are not enforced. Last
woek two women were killed by an
explosion at a local laundry. If
there were proper inspection, this
accident eould not have occurred.
The jury which sat in this case, at
the Inquest, condemned the manage*
mont, and tho slave that operated
tke steam plant. With the engineer
_wt have but little sympathy. His
notions in the peat have stamped
htm for what he is, and his actions
oa the occasion can be gauged and
estimated by his actions in the
Laundry Workers' strike. But what
of those tbat have the enforcement
of the laws in their hands f Are
they not guilty of the most criminal
negligeueef Workers can be slaughtered, but profits must be protected.
The B. 0. Federation of Labor has
asked for all laws pertaining to the
safety of the workers, to be placed
under the administration of the
Oompemiation Act commission. This
body, with its knowledge and data,
gained through the administration
of tho Compensation Act, could find
out the weak spots in the different
plants, and industries, and eliminate
as far as humanly possible, the danger of death and disablement of the
workora in industry. The government, however, has not, and evidently wlU not grant this conceasion to
Libor, for it is a well-known fact
that the Compensation Act commis-
aion, has already with the power
that it already has, mado many dangerous, places Iobb liable to cause
aerious injury to the workers. This
has cost the employers money, and
to give this body full power would
entail the expenditure of more
money by. the employers. This is
Aot desirable, and as the government
ia representing the employing qlaas,
it can be taken for granted that the
interest! of that claas will be safe
guarded.
*      •      *
There are many buildings which
are steam-heated; where the plant is
Operated by incompetent men.
Chinks are in some of the hotels
where steam heating plants aro in
operation, and are daily risking the
Uvea of Uie patrons. The same can
be aaid of many other buildings.
Beturned men are being trained as
ateam engineers; there aro many
white properly trained men idle, but
they cost money when employed, and
in order that greater profits may be
made, the cheaper and untrainod
men are uaed. Will the government
of this Province never wake up to
the fact that the workers will not
•tend much more of this laxitude on
the part of those responsible for the
enforcement of the laws. In all
oases of industrial aceidenta it ie the
workeri that are killed or maimed.
The women killed in the laundry, the
men killed in Nanaimo; and in many
other plaoiB, were members of the
working class. The workers' doad
litter the industrial battle field, as
well as the battlefields of Europe, in
the interests of proflt. "How long,
how long,'' will this slaughter go on. Slaves are cheap,
but machinery, and the safety of
the workers would' cost monoy, so
let the slaves be destroyed; there
are plenty of them. And still there
are those that think that capitnl and
labor oan get together.
world. And now we soo that business principles, not democratic onea
aro the keynote of the actions of the
lajid of the bravo, and the homo of
the free (slaves.)
* *      *
One of the correspondents to the
daily press has secured the following
opinion from an expert in trade in
Great Britain:
' "It would bo very msadvuntage
ous to England to stimulate Gorman
export trado in ordor that the proceeds of that trade may be paid over
to France. If we allow Germany to
increase hor export trade we will bo
injuring our own. Without a great
diversion of the productivity from
industries now working for the home
market of Germany into export industries, Germany can not possibly
pay.
"The vital point for us is that if
we take payment direct from Gormany, wo must accept commodities
of the same class as we manufacture
oursolvos. It would be ruinous. We
must accept tho faot that Germans
are going to resume foreign trade
whethor we liko it or not.
"If the Germans are going to
trade It iB bottor thoy work for ua
than for themselves, There aro certain commodities Englund is anxious
to import—food, bides, wool and cotton. Thest we cun uot get from
Germany, but we can get them from
countries in which Germany, bofore
the war, had a trade equal to ours
in the Bams commodities, in countries such as the Argentine. We will
simply take Germany's placo in part
payment of Germany's war bill to
us. It ia for tho other Allied nations to take similar measures as
best suitB their interests,"
* *      *
We have said all along, that it
would pay the Allies to mako an
offer to Germany of a clean slato as
fur as indemnities are concorned.
They ean oniy be paid in commodities, and those paying the
indemnities, muat produce in
der to pay them, and the countries
receiving them, must as a consequence, suffer in ratio to the indemnity collected. In other words, prosperity in these days for any nation,
doea not lie in the amount of wealth
consumed by those that produce it,
but in the amount exported to othor
lands. Surely a glorious system.
Talk of peace, when thoae that are
drawing up the treaty of peace for
an onemy to sign, are already quarreling amongst themselves, aa to the
economic situation that must arise
out of the competitive system.
Leagues of Nations, nor any other
fool combinations will never bring
peace, so long as the present dog-
eat-dog system lasts. The only
league that can bring poace, in any
shape or form, is a league of tho
world's workers, formed to abolish
the causes for commercial jealousies,
and the only cause of war, which is
the present capitalistic system. That
is thc mission of the working class;
no other class cnn do it, becauso no
other class iB interested in abolishing the slavery of the workers, and
tho consequent wars amongst their
maatera, as to "markets for thc
wealth swiped from them. Slowly,
but surely, this is being driven into
the minds of the workers, and call
them Bolsheviki or what the ruling
-claaa care to designate the intelligent section of tho workers, tho cooperative commonwealth is just as
sure as the sun will rise tomorrow,
and the end of war will then bo as
sured, but not until.
FBOM  THE  presa  reports,   we
gather that France is none too
pleased with the outlook  that
confronts that country.    Tbe business men  and financiers  of that
eountry are vory
PEACE much     concerned
IN THE as to the economic
FAMILY. future    of    that
land. They are -demanding indemnities for the outlay
mado to defeat the Hun. Britiah
banks are accused of purchasing
shares in German concerns, and
while the French are of the opinion,
that thsy are still at war with Germany, they say that the Allies are
displaying an economic war spirit
Of course they are. The Fronch will
display just as much antagonism towards the inroads of British manufacturers as they did to inroads of
the Hun Into tlieir country by force
of arms. It seems impossible in this
day that a peoplo can be so dense as
to think thut there is any other
causo for difforencoa botwoen nations except economic ones. The
war itself was brought uVmt by the
economic joalousics of thc different
nations, and for no other reason did
Germany want to secure more expansion. It was not for gaining more
notoriety, but for more economic
powor, and greater opportunity to
develop her industrial and manufao
turing establishments, that the
dream of world power was attempted
to be made a reality. The United
States, true to form, is considering
the expansion of hor financial and
manufacturing interests. Only when
lt was necessary to safeguard the
loans made to the Allies, did this
great nation get in to the game of
nuking   democracy   safo   for   tht
THE One Big   Union   proposal
is  causing considerable  concern to all kinds  of poople.
The employes are ngainst it, and
have had questions asked   in   tho
House   of   Commons
THEY at Ottawa afl to what
CAN'T the    government    is
STOP IT doing about it. Labor
leaders, such as Tom
Moore, president of the Dominion
Trades Congress ,aud J. Bruco of
the plumbers' organization, and one
of the industrial relations commissioners, also seem very much concerned over the proposal^ By a peculiar coincidence, the views of
labor leaders who are atill leaders,
and those that have been leaders,
but aro no more, and tho employers
are nearly alike. They both hurl
the same invective against thc proposal. I. W. W. is the cry of Moore.
Those that are advocating the new
organization are either knaves or
fools, states Bruoe, if the Calgary
papers report them correctly. The
press has stated that the move is
to bring about a revolution on the
first of June. Past labor leaders are
using the same argument. Bruco
also says that tho Oue Big Union is
a step towards anarchy. In reply
to questions in the House it was
stated that the Minister of Lnbor
was following the movement closely, and advising his colleagues on
the matter.
* * *
No one expected the proposal to
go through without opposition, and
the opposition from the exocutive
officers of the international unions
was oxpoctod, No mutter how honest many of thom may bo their very
environment is against them becoming inoculated with any new
ideas. The sume opposition
being found in Great Britain from
the executives of the national
ganizations over there against the
Shop Stewards' movement, but the
workers are making headway; thoy
are bound to do so, for tho movement is a movement from the bottom up, not from the top down.
This may bo denied by those opposing tlie scheme, but tho opposition
is ull coming from tho top, so they
have not a leg to stand on. Now wo
expoct tho ruling olass to cry anarchy; that is ubout thc limit of
its intelligence, but' coming from a
mnn like Bruce, wo are wondering
whnt is to happen next. He must,
if he knows anything, know that
the better the workers are organized, the less danger thero is of any
mob or violent uction on tho part of
tho workers during the coming
years, He should, if he doos not,
know that the workors of this country have not got the franchise, aud
only by presenting a solid front to
the employing cluss will they be
able to socure it, and, having se
cured it, be able to bring .about
changes without any trouble. The
greatest danger today is tht fact
that tht workors have not the pow
tr to vott themselves batter eondi
eleventh YEAB. No. ia    THE BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST!    tanootjvbb, b. a
...May  9, 1911
tions. Organizod solidly, and
Hues that will prevent any cleavage
in the ranks of the workors because
of their craft, and artificial differences, formed during the early days
of capitalism, the workers will realize the class, nature of their strugglo, and by that means be able to
present a solid front to the powers
that be. Putting up a straw
dummy, and then knocking it down,
is an old-time sport of the ruling
class, but it is surely playing a low-
down game when mon like Bruce
and Moore adopt suoh tactics. Lot
us say, that the men who are today advocating a change in tbe
form of organization, are neither
knaves or fools. They are men that
have been tried in the labor movement. Men that have, along with
Bruce and Moore, acted in the old-
timo form of organization for years.
To cry knave ia no argument, and
abuse only shows a luck of logic
and reasonable argument on the
part of those that uso it.
Turning to tho government, and
to tho employing class, we are prepared for all that they may say as
to the new form of organization.
They cannot say any worse of it
than they have said of the international unions, and which they aro
so desirous of seeing continued. We,
however, take the stand that it Is
none of the businoss of the governmont, ns to what form of organization tho workers form, nnd that tho
workors will, in spite of all opposition, organize on lines that seems
to tbem best In this the government may want to take a hand, but
if it does it must be propared for
strenuous opposition, Wc can deal
with the men in the labor movement, inside the organizations, but
outside opposition and interference
will not be tolerated, The one outstanding feature of the now organization as outlined, in Great Britain,
in Australia, the U. S. A. and in
Canada, is in lint with the evolution of industry, and no foroe on
earth can stop it, not even the
Moores, the Bruocs and tho other
lesser lights, and all the powers of
government.
Now that the Allies have mado
Germany safe for democracy, and
have abolished militarism in the
enemy countries, by cutting out
large standing armies, and the abolishing of compulsory military aer-
vioe, it would appear to be about
time, that they made their own
countries safe for democracy, and
removed the military curse from
their own people. It is, however,
possible that they nre like the parson, and would havo others do as
they say, and not as they do. Consistency thou art a jewel,
The children at one of the High
Schools in this district nre not a
little incensed at the action of tho
principal of that educational institution. It appears that a boy attending the school in question, was
not clothed to the likiftg of thc
small-minded pedagogue, and. aB a
result tho boy's life waB made a
miserv, by attention being called to
tho shnbbiiicss of his attire. Later
on tho boy was clothed more to the
liking of the principal, and one of
the classes was told thot the boy,
since he had got good olothes,
had dono better work. It
would soom that a little knowledge makes some men smaller rnther
than bigger and moro. generous
through their learning. There oan
be no doubt that this pedagogue is
one of those small-minded individuals that look on a working man with
condescension, and the children, of
workers with tolerance. We have no
knowlcdgo of the position of this
boy'B parents, but we can well believe that either the boy's father is
one of the lower paid workers, or
possibly the son of a "soldier that
gave his life for the "empire." In
any case, we would suggest to this
light of learning, that he go canny
in his petty bourgeoise actions, or
he may find that the workers will
resent this kind of treatment of
thoir children, and he may be without a job, a sadder and wiser man,
Lively Debate Was Held,
at New Westminster
w
(Continued from page 1);
Looking back over tho record, of
the B. C. Federation of Labor convention proceedings is interesting
those daye. It would be an awful
shock to some of the opponents of
tho 0. B .U. to bo confronted with
their statements at the many conventions since 1911, whero they
hnve repeatedly advocated industrial organization. It will not bo
necessary to name these individuals,
as they will be woll known to readers of Thc Fedorationist. In many
respects they are like tho Allies,
who believe in democracy, so long as
thoy don't have to have it in-thoir
own countries. It is good dope to
hand out to securo popularity, but
bud medicine to take. But they will
bave to tako tho dose, and without
any jam to hide the taste.
We -wonder why the Sun is ao concerned about tho 0. B. U. If it i»
not receiving the support of the
workers. And how.it can reconcile
its expressions on this matter on tht
editorial.page, with the matter contained int its nows columns,
national or provincial, the spei. t.
drew attention to tho common industrial life in both Canada and the
Unitod Statos, and stated that there
would be nothing but disruption occur from any movement that disregarded the fact that there was at
least twelvo times greater population to the south of the line. The
tail could not wag the dog, and any
plan aiming at greater solidification
must take into consideration and
consultation the organized labor
movement of the United tSatei.
-  Previous Efforti
The speaker then dealt* briefly
with the history of previous efforts
to promoto the "One Big Union"
idea, citing tho Knights of Labor,
American Railway Union, Western
Labor Union, United Brotherhood
of Bailway Employees, and the
I. W. W. as examples of failure to
summarily abolish all lines between
workmen and band themselves together in . one organization. Tho
prosent plans or lack of plans ottered no improvements over any of
the organizations mentioned, but
contained all of the elements that
made for failure.
In conclusion the speaker recommended serious thought before
grasping at this new visionary ideal,
and referred to the manner in
which the ballot was being taken,
stating that if a local union decided
to take the vote at a regular meeting, and only half of the members
voted, the rest would be counted in
the affirmative. He said that he
had nothing to gain personally, fer
although he had been a member of
tho I. A. M. for twenty years, he
had never drawn a dollar in any
capacity from tho international.
At the conclusion of Mr. McVety's speech, A. 8. Wolls, who wat
at the meeting, asked for the floor
as a point of privilege, and stated
that the many misstatements of Mr.
MeVety would tako an hour to answer, but he desired to refute the
statement as to the taking of the
ballot, and said that each member
of the different organizations affiliated with tho B. C. F. of L. were to
be supplied with a ballot, and that
if they were not tho ballot of these
locals would be ignored. He challenged Mr. McVety to bake the
statements he had made at the next
meeting of tht Vancouvtr Trades
Council.
Mr. McDonnell then replied to
Mr. MeVety, and donied that therf
was any desire to get hold of.i the
funds, but in.any case the fundi
belonged to tho mombers of -the
locals, and said that the question
of funds was not a very important
one, as thoy -did not in any case
amount to more than Ave dollars
per member.
Mr. McVety then replied very
briefly, and stated that not all > at
the Western Conference woro*. in
favor of the proposal, and referred
to Del. Russell of Winnipeg, /who
had voted against the proposal. This
statement was denied by A.: >S,
Wolls, who stated that Russell was
secretary of the committoe in Winnipeg that was working for the
new organization. After a fewof
the members had given thoir views,
in which Bro. Walker asked Mr.
McVoty what ke knew about industrial conditions, in view of the fact
that he had'not worked at the trade
for over 11 years, and to which Mr.
McVety replied that he had been
secretary of the local, and was a
mombor for over 15 years, and was
in closo touch with labor all the
timo.
A. 8. Wells asked for the floor,
which wss granted. In his remarks
he pointed out that the statement
that the new move was one of a
few men was nonsensical, and referred to the many resolutions that
had been passed at different gather*
ings on industrial organization, and
dealt with the new times that had
come about due to tho development
of industry. Ho stated that the
suggestion that there was to be an
attempt made to bring about a revolution by a general strike was nonsensical, and gave as an argument
against this 'the knowledge possessed by the workers of thia oountry
of capitalism. In conclusion he
stated that the new move * was a
world-wide one, and was in Hne
with the evolution of industry, and
would succeed in spite of all opposition from reactionaries, tfr men that
did not understand the trend of
modern events, and the ruling class.
The collection after expenses was
handed to tht 0. B. U.
Hottl A Rtttaurant Employees.
The regular meeting ot the Local
is held on Wednesday afternoon,
several new applicants were initiated and a number of applications received. The balloting on the 0. B.
U. took place last Monday, a total
of 170 votea was cast, result of the
vote as followa: For the 0. B. U.
84, (against 85) tor the 6 hour day
70, (against 99) about 150 of the
members did not vote.   The local
fixpectB to hold another dance the
otter end of May, and will be the
final one for the season. The local
Is now drawing up a new wage scale
andworklng agreement which will
be presented to the restaurants In
the near future, the Local does not
expect any opposition to the new
scale, as all Restaurant Proprietors
realize the necessity of granting an
increase at this time, owing to the
high cost ot living, which naturally
hits the Restaurant Employees like
all other wage earners.
Be Brief
WHAT TEACHERS MUST
NOT DISCUSS
Students Thirst for Knowledge—The
Flutes Thtm for
Blood
Tho teachers of current events in
the high schools of Washington, D.
C, have been forbidden by tht
Board of Education to discuss:
1.   Bolshevism.
i.   The Leaugue of Nations.
S.   "Other Heresies!"
Incidentally, wt might remark,
the discussion of thtst subjaett-hea
alto been forbidden in Stat tit's
high schools.
I-t all happened in Washington bt-
cautt of a teathtr named Allot
Wood. She explained to,inquiring
students the faot that Bolshoviiti
nnd Anarchists wert not onl ond*U»
same thing, but had contested toga*
ther for the mastery of Russia. . ,.
Mlllmtn't Union No. 191*.
The membership of this union
still continues to increase and ovefr
100 application! for roombei-tfilt
were received during the past two
weeks. A well attended meeting
was held last Friday In roonj^-Kjl
and many Important matters tfeaR
with. The New Westminster members are holding a meeting In the
Labor Temple of that city on Saturday, May 17 at 8 p.m. and anticipate a large attendance. Altogether
It would appear that the wood vomers are now well on the way. towards a thoroughly representative
organization, covering the whole
district of Vancouver and New
Westminster,
Correspondents to The Federationist arc so numerous in these days,
that unless they art brief, thoy will
be unable to have their letters published. Tiny should remember that
we havo only eight pages, (and that
wo cannot devote all of tho spaco to
oorrospondonce. Many letters are
being held over each week, due to
lack of space. WUl correspondents
govern thomsolves aooordinglyf
Fatronizt Fid. advortissrt, V   '
Thl Pantagoa
Headlining the new bill of vaudo-
villo at tht Pantages, opening with
the matinee on Monday next, will be
tho Stampede Ribers, a big and
thrilling Wild Wost Exhibition. The
featured mombers of the organization are Floras La Due, champion
woman roper; Guy Weadick and Dan
Dix ,1-ronoho busters, and Virgil, a
ftmny mule.
Thc special added featurt of the
week arranged by Manager Pantages will be the Donnishawn Dancers, six beautiful girlt in an offering arranged by Buth St. Denis and
Ted Shawn.
Eddii Boss Is a blaokface comedian whose chatter and banjo playing alwaya art a hit with Pantages
audiences.
Jimmy Britt, nomologist and former lightweight champion boxer of
the world, also will be in the forefront of the new entertainment.
Gordon and Day are comedy eye-
lists with a new line of fun stuff to
show. The latter is a pretty girl.
Raines and Goodrich also extol in
comedy ,their latest oreation being
called "A Trip to New York." They
have a funny line of patter and
some up-tO'the-minutt songs.
"Pal 0' Mine" at thi Empress
What wouldn't you do for a pal
of yourst What man hasn't bad a
pal for whom he would "go
through" to the limit! What girl
has not had a "dear friend" whom
she trusted with all her secrets! In
"Pal 0' Mine" yon will realise the
truth of the old adage "Honor
among thieves," and you will know
what a pal really meant to a couple
of chaps who eame to find a world
of happiness at the end of the long,
long trail of the erooked path.   ***
TWENTY* nVB YEABS AGO
Vaneouvar Train and Labor
Council
__________ 189-
Harry Proctor, Painters and Dec
orators Union, ntw delegate.
Delogate G. Bartley reported ne*
gotiations proceeding to hold joint
Labor Day celebration at Nanaimo.
Date not fixed.
State of trade, dull.
President W. Towler and Seen*
tary F. B. Bishop.
Adjourned at 9 p. m.
Six Hours Enough
Shamokin, Pa.—"The sanitary
conditions ef tho miner are such
that no man should be ontombed in
them mart than six hours a day,'
declared President Golden of Dls
trict No, 9, United Mine Workers.
FOR SALE
Trolling or Pleasure Boat, .7x7,
with 6-h.p. Vivian 4-oyclo engine,
good as now* anchor and high ten*
sion magneto. Thia.ii a good value.
Apply
DtPoes Wharf, 1200 Powell St.
For Bnt at S3. Prior St—First,
class cabin apartments, furnished
for housekeeping, except bedding
and utensils; inside sinks, and electrio light. This is a clean and quiet
plaee, suitable for men who oan afford to pay a little higher rate than
is charged for some cabin apartments.
EXCHANGE
Will trade 4-rooiu house partly
furnished for a 10 h.p. 4 cycle mar*
int engine tomplete.   Apply,
S. GRAHAM.
O.o. Federatlonist.
PANTAGES
Mot Wttk
TBI STAMPED! SID1BS
THZ OCMISHAWN DAXOBBS
Other Bit Features
Straw Hats
and Panamas
They're here, and
there is one among
them to suit your particular fancy. The
prices are quite reasonable.
$4.00to$10.00
and a variety of
shapes that are sure
to please.
RICKSON'S
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
MAPLE LEAF
One Week Commencing
MONDAT, MAT 12
BEX BEACH'S
Tremendous Drama of
Alaska
The
Brand'
In seven magnificent
parts
MAPLE LEAF
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK OF MAT IS
"Palo'Mine"
Don't MlM This Om
IBe, 35c and SOo
HORSESHOE BAY
THE PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
announce that the Bummer Schedule between North
Vanoouver and Whyteeliff will be effective on Sunday,
May llth.
An hourly servioe will be operated on Sundays and holidays at 30 minutes past each hour to this attractive
resort.
Horseshoe Bay is noted for its facilities for
FISHIKO   —  BATBttHO   -   BOATING
Tne extensive park grouuds, in which seats and tables
are installed, are free and open to the public. A sports
ground, 300 by 70 feet, it available for excursion parties.
BBTURN FARE 60s
Time Table mailed -on application to Passenger Dept.
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
404 Welton Blook Phone Seymour 9647
Sin-Hour Day
Oniaha, Neb.—Tho Moving Picture Machine Operators Union hss
established tho six-hour titty, and
raised the wages from 50 tn 75 cents
an hour. Practically every picturo
houso in the city has signed tho
agroenient, nnd members ot tht
union who returned from the war
are again employed. Sir years ago
these workors, then unorganizod,
wore ptid from 20 to 25 cents nn
hour, with no limit to tht work day.
-At J. V. Harvey's Olothing Storei-
To Union Men
Our buyir whilt Eaat WM fortunate enough to make new connections aid will be able shortly to ahow a much greater variety tf
union-madt garments.
Wi are showing now in Men's Suite, Overcoats and Furnishings,
the stmt smart styles that you will Hnd today in thi btst New
Tork and Chicago stores, and pricei aro lower for somo class of
goods on this side of the lino; every garment -displaying remark-
ablo workmanship.
-PEICE**-
$25 $30 $35 $40 $45
TEN FEB CENT. DISCOUNT TO SOLDIERS AND NAVY MEN
J. N. Harvey
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings St. West
Also 614*616 TaMs Itmt,
Viotorla, B. 0.
Two Union Stores for Mea
"The House Behind the Goods"
BAKING POWDER
(CONTAINS WO ALUM)
Deeds revel, the station ef thl man, no mattir
what tht tongue speaks.
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST -ADVERTISE!
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, de you know
that the next strike in Vancouver is going to be an
OIL STBIKE.
It will bo tht greatest strike
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in thi SUB-
RJfY OIL CO., LTD.
Don't wait until "EVEBT.
BODY" knows there is oil in thl
Fraser Valley.
AU ths Directors ot this Compsny
sri, or formerly were, UNION men.
representing FIVE different Unions.
The/ know yoar position, therefore
ye. sre aeeared of a etrsight deal.
Tbe SURREY OIL CO. ehiroe sre
the best buy in tbe elty. Cell and
I will prove lt. LIMITED IS8UB, I
centa per share.
Small capitalisation, Urge halA-
lags.
Get yonr orders in QUICK. Csa
only bs obtained from
G. Gatheral Fleming
_M HOMER STREET
Phone Sir. UU
Open till 0 Saturday evening
JN0OBP0IATBD HIS
Bank of Toronto
AmU WiOOO.w
Deposits ^.a.   M,000l0(
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account nir
open«d at The Bank ol Toroa
ia th* uun* of two or mo
parsons. Ia thoie account! tith
party my sign cheques or depot
money. For th* different nwtb*
of a family or ft Arm a joint acoou
I li often ft great oonveni*no*. Inter*
ia paid oa haliaoei.
VanoouYor Branch:
Corner Batttnp and Gambia Strn
Branchei at:
Victoria,   Herrltt, K*w Weitmlnil
DENTISTRY
—WITH A—
REPUTATION
Clients who patronise mjr
offices ean be absolutely
fearless.
Every modern method
known in the seienee of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Bvoalngs T to I
• 'clock.   Dental Num hi
Atundanoe
OBANVILH1, 00RN1R OF
ROBBOJT STREBT
Orw Owl Draj Hon
Phone Ur. M3»
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
llflO Georgia Street
Sundar aarvteea, II a.m, and 7.80 p.m.
Bandar ichool immediately following
morning aarrlo*. Wednuday teatlmoniai
ineatinf, 0 ji.m. Free reading room,
Mftoi   Birks   Bldg.
If-
fHOMl I
1781
lororol*
or blcycl* overhauled or repaired
at reasonable prlcea, pay u* a
visit.
We bay and lell used machinaa
of all kinds. Wo repair lowing
machine!. Lawn movera sharprn-
ed. Get our prices before buying.
KRULEY  &  CO.
349 HAIR SI.  (near Haitian)
WfflTARQUL!
-Look for tilt Big Red Arrow Sign-
eeJbffBrtoSoflB.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price th* lowest pot
sible consistent wit
value,'
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Fostei
Limited
Kill
i  Polli
Theasu-U ol UHI0K
SUkaeso aad  AeeMsn
Merduutts Casualty 0
Oar poller mta fl.00 per moat
and ap.
Oar poller 9*1* for all accidents,
Oar p*ll*y pay* for ewy kit*
disease.
Oar addrwa la 101 Rogera Bnlldhj
Oar phoae unmbor Js itf. STM.
Wo want a capable rapraulattf
la *a*h mnoK LOCAL.
IIU «P -Phono Soymonr 2SM ft
appointment
Dr. W. J. Currj
DENTIST
•art! m Domlsioi BoHttsf
VANCOUVEB, B. 0. frBIDAT..
...May  I, 1919
8LHVBNW THAR.   Ne. U
Tttfi BMttSB COLUMBllfFBDERATIONIST
VANCotmn, b. a
Carnations
GIVEN AWAY
ON SATURDAY, MAY 10, between the hours of 10 a.m. and 6
p.m. I will give to each and every
man who calls at my store a carnation to wear MOTHER'S DAY
Sunday, May 11, in honor of his
best friend—his Mother. A Red,
Pink or Yellow if your Mother is
still living—a white one if she
has passed away.
Every man is invited to call and
get a carnation. You will not be
asked to buy clothing. The carnations are absolutely free to
every man who calls.
Where your dollars buy the most
and the best. Our Suits are the
best value in Vancouver—
$19   $23   $27
$30
$35   $40   $45
D.K.BOOK
Correct Clothes
117 Hastings St West
11 BIG UNION
MOVEMENT IN
'ATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
BALLOTS FOR LOGGERS' UNION
Are yon la fane of thi adoption of tt* following ss • Priambli to
hi Constitution i?
ppsamhli
Modern socioty Is divided into two classes:—Capitalist and Wngework-
ia. with interests entirely opposed to eaoh other.
The present order gives to the capitalistic class ln an over-increasing
ipply of wealth and to the wageworker an ever increasing measure of
-gradation and misery.
Therefore, a struggle goes on between these two classes.
As sellers of labor powor, the workeri an compelled to organise in-
tstrially, without regard to race, creed or color, not only in order to
tain better conditions, and to resist the ruthless exploitation by capital,
t also to educate its mombers to thoir class position in society, so that
ey shall be able to take over the industries and to use thim in the
tcrests of the whole community instead of us at preient for thi bonefit
a few.
TES  NO.	
Are you ln favor of either of thi propond amendment! to thi Ooniti-
ion?:
I,   That no one taking a contract shall bi eligible for membership.
YES.......... NO.. _.
!.  An amedment to above proposal hai bun madi as follows:
Persons taking contracts or adopting any means of exploitation witk the
iect of employing other persons an not eligible for membership,
YES..  NO. _.
.  That any penon who performs a socially-necessary function la the
iber industry, or ln a construction camp, is eligible for mimbenhip.
TES  " NO. .
Question No. 1
ji you la faror of levering your aWiatton Tilth your present I.terna-
nl Craft Union, and becoming patt of On* Big Induitrlal Organisation
ill worken?
Mark your ballot with an X—YtB.  N0...._._
< QUMtton No. 1
re you ln favor of a general strike to establish a six-hour working dsy?
Mark your ballot with an X—YES.  . NO....__»
'. you do not receive an official ballot by May 10th, use the one In
ip Worker or TidiratlonHt.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPO»AT»D IMS
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
J 25,000,000
.$ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits *? 15,000,000
rotal Assets    $360,000,000
518 branch* In Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
XT-sat Indies.
Also branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
laroelona, Spain. _
Twelve branohei'in Vanoouver:
lain Offlce—Corner Hastings end Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets. '
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Ave. West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Ibo—-North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 other
points in British Columbia.
•EOIAL ATTENTION II GIVEN TO SAVD-TOS ACCOUNTS
li dollar opens an account on which interest is paid halt-yearly
at current rates.
[OS. PEACOCK,
Mtnugir Vancouver Branch
O, W. rEAZBE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for & ft
Removing Working Class
Activity from the
Talkshops
WUl Have to Fight Bitter
Opposition of
Capitalists
[By O A Graylandor.]
. (In the Maoriland Worker)   <
So far the One Big Union remain!
only a potentiality. It ia not in its
entirety an established faot in any
country. Australia is making progress towards it. In that country the
possibilities of success aro greater,
porhaps, than in any country in tho
world. Australian unionism is a liv-
ing and a growing force, and will
do groat things. To thoso who understand tho Australiun Labor movement, the One Big Union scheme
represents the shifting of labor's
militant efforts from the Talk-shops
to the Workshops. Labor in Australia is powerful—as a political
powor it was great, but foiled to
realize its great mission, and was
thwarted by the personal ambition
and treachery of self-soeking men,
whose lust for powor wns detestable,
-hnd whose careers are a warning
lesson to the workers of the shoals
and pitfalls of popular politics. Thc
One Biff Union will hnvo to fight
bitter opposition from the capitalist
and from the timid and selfish in
tho ranks of labor, hut it is destined
to triumph in tho ond.
When it becomes equal* in power
to an American Trust thore is no
limit to what it will do. It will be
able to do what tho money intorests
do now—dictate to parliament, make
and unmake parliaments. It will be
able to operate on tho labor market
as a gigantic Arm of contractors, to
whom capitalism must como for a
tonder for work to be done. Railways will be made, building! erected, ships built, shoop shorn, and all
the work of Australia fixed by tho
One Big Union, which will supercede industrial courts, and render
unnecessary the passing of futile
legislation in tho supposed interest
of tho toilers, When this stage is'
reached, it will be for tho community as a whole to take advantage of
the organiation of thc One Big Union to establish industry oh a socialized system whereby the community
shall benofit by the doing away with
waste, useless labor, unprofitable industry and the hosts of workers
whose labor produces nothing useful but is ofton worse than useless.
A Short Out to Socialism
The advent of the One Big Union
will make tho transition period be*
tween the collapse of the old system
and the establishment of the new
a comparatively short on* By a
wise use of its powers the One Big
Union can do what tho trusts do—
fix prices for labor and the conditions undor which labor shall bc carried on. By controlling the labor
market, as the trusts control the
produce markots, tho One Big Union
will mnke it possible to secure its
own torms, or to withhold its servioe. The One Big Union will clear
away tho fallacy that capital employs labor and mako it clear that
it is labor that employs capital. And
whon that is door, it will be clear
that capital is thc fruit of labor and
that labor, as the creator, maintainer
and sustainer of capital is all that
is needful to feed and clothe and
house human society; and that human labor, wisely directed, can
make enough and to spare for all.
When labor ii organized to produce
the needs of lifo for all on a cooperative basis the task of establishing the Socialist Commonwealth, of
abollehing poverty and wisely distributing the national dividend so
as to iecure the greatest number of
happy human beings, freed from
bondage to their material needs, will
be easy, and mankind will look baek
with horror and amazement at a
system which represented a struggle
for existence without parallel even
amongst thl brute creation. Only
by wise thought, a spirit of active
method, and an organization consistently carried out to achieve the desired ends can the One Big Union
become established, and load to suoh
changes in the industrial life of the
stato that capitalism as an economic
system shall bo utterly abolished and
labor enter into its rightful heritage as tho ruler of tho world.—ttt
Worker.
PAOBIW1
WORLD WOE NEWS
ENM-AND
London—labor Is jurtly epprt-
honiivi over ibe new army (annual)
bill, one clause of which renders permanent the Defense of the Realm
Act provisions relating to so-called
interference with recruiting. As the
parliamentary correspondent of the
Daily Herald puts It, "Dora hai
been appointed to thl war office
staff" by this clause, whieh threatens aay one with two years' imprisonment who by word of mouth or
in writing or any printed matter
makes statement! likely to cause
disaffection among the forces or to
prejudice recruiting. Labor members regard this as a most insidious
innovation — another step towards
the complete militarization oi tbe
nation. So strong is their opposition
that the Governmont is rumored to
have offered to mitigate the severity
of thi olause by deleting the word
"wilful," which is scarcely likely
to allay the apprehensions of those
who know how the meaning of a
coercive act can be stretched in tke
courts,
NORWAY
Christlnnin-*-A proposition is boforo the Norwegian Storting (par*
lioment) for the introduction of the
48-hour week in all the industries of
Norway. Tho proposition is accepted by the governmental party, and
tho adoption of it is assured.
Agreements for about 100,000 industrial workors in Norway oxpire
in the spring months. Notice has
been given. The workers expect
substantial improvements in wages
and longer summer vacations. Tho
eight-hour day will bo established
legally. But a widespread conflict
is unavoidable, and the settlement
may take placo by obligatory arbitration, whioh was established in
Iforway some years ago. - This arbitration the workors seek to avoid.
SWEDEN
Stockholm—An eight-hour bill for
all classes of Swedish labor is now
roady to be introduced into Parliament. Special legislation will be necessary for seamen and for workers
in mines. The proposals, if passed,
will come into force June 1, 1020,
and elapse December 31, 1023.
POLAND
The administrative world, looking
abroad for food, for raw materials,
for a loan, waits for that distant
providence, the Entente, to solve its
problom. Belpw its comfortable deliberations tho masses scheme -
faoi their own needs in thoir own
way. A notwork of Soviets (the
Poles use the word "Kada") formed
on the Bussian model already covers
all the industrial and a few of the
rural districts. Thoy aro by no
meant Bolshevik ns yet, but the Let
has the energy, the idoas and the
logic of events on its sido. Tho Bolshevik (er, aB it is called, Communist) . element numbers 12 mombors
oh the organizing counoil. Only this
Communist minority is propared as
yet for the full theoretical programme.   "All power to tbe Soviets."
BtrasiA
London—Beports from British official sourcos indicate that the Bolsheviki ordered the civilians to evacuate Petrograd and a numbor of
other places in that vicinity. It is
said that the movement was executed according to plans announced a
year ago, whereby withdrawal was
to be made to Moscow ond other
gram centres so as to me better able
to feod the population.
Triple Alliance in England
Are Forcing Great
Concessions
Defeated  Labor  Candidates Figure Largely
in Actions
Prom England Sydney Webb sends
the authentic account of tho terms
of the settlement of the dispute between tho organizod railroad, mini
and dock workers, numbering all told
2,000,000 working men and forming
with thoir families one fifth of the
population of that oountry. Webb
was a member of the arbitration
commission and is understood to
havo written the report which was
igrood to by the workers, their exploiters, and the government. He ii
the author of a number of books
on oconomic subjects and is a prom*
Inent member of the British labor
party.
The demands of tho three seetions
of the Triple Alliance were radical.
And the 2,000,000 men threatened
to tie up England with a genoral
strike unless the employers and the
government grantod tho major part
of their domands. Tho 2,000,000
workers knew they had thc power
to tie up England; the labor exploiters knew the workors had the power to tie up England; the government knew the workors had the power to tie up England, So there was
prompt action all around.
Tho workers did not declare the
general strike. Nor did they wrest
from the labor exploiters and the
government 100 per eent of their
demands. But they did coerce the
labor exploiters and tho govornment
into granting the major portion of
thoir demands, and, -what is significant, they smashed the-theory, so
carefully nursed by the employers,
that the wages paid the working
people for producing wealth should
vary according to the cost of liv-
ingand be limited by that cost.
■According to Mr. Webb's official
statement the dock workers obtain-
ed'-thc 44-hour wook, big increases
in/wages, with substantial premiums
for*. "Overtime work. Tho railroad
workers got the 48-hour woek, equalization of wages for each occupation, and the guarantee that neither
the government nor tho private owner*'. o_ the railroads shall decrease
wages for a year, even though the
fobd't profiteers may deereasc the
coet of the workers' living. The
mlni'fN, Webb declares, presented
tha* most radical demands, insisting
ois w largo wage increase, a stiff reduction in hours, and the nationalization of the mining Industry, temporary operated under' government
control.
The Triple Alliance accepted the
proposition to arbitrate the disputes.
But they stipulated that the work*
ers should select half of tho membors of the arbitration board and
that the workors should make Its
final report within three weeks. The
miners foderation named Smilie, its
president, and Smith, its secrotary, I
CONDEIUEM
Advocate Political Action
in Order to Obtain
Fulness of Life
Thi Swift Current Musicians Union has passed the following resolution condemning the capitalist lyitem:
"Whereas tbe pruent economic
system oompelli tbl memben of thi
American Federation of Musicians
to fight oar battlei for subsistence
on the economle field, in the same
manner as craft unioni, in creating
strike fundi, etc., notwithstanding
the fact that the Amorican Federation of Musicians is not a croft
union, but and organization for the
purpose of promoting ant* improving
the musical profession, whloh is an
art and,
Whereu, we can never realize our
aimi and ambitions under the present capitalistic profit system be it
Resolved, that wo, the Swift Current Musicians Association,. Local
091 A, F. of M., go on record and
urge all other locals and the A. I*.
of M. aa a whole to organize for
political action jointly with ill other
progressive bodies whose interests
are identical with the producors,
in order to obtain all the necessities
of lifo, without strikes or strife, and
realize our ambitions, the fullness of
life, the fraternity and brothorhood
of man, tho oo*opcrative commonwealth."
Striken Seise Power
Two weeks ago during a general
strike in Johannesburg, South Africa, the workeri seized tho city
counoil and the city utilities. All
councillors desiring to retain thoir
former responsibilities were retained, the work of all othen waB taken
ovor by the strikori' oounoil. The
mayor wired the premier for instructions. The strikors also wirod that
the way was wide open for co-operation on the part of the mayor if he
so desired.
eluding Sydnoy Webb and a magistrate, who was tho president of tho
board. The coal mine owners named threo of their own mombers and
ihree labor exploiters representing
other big industries. It is significant
that tho threo "intellectual" members of the labor part of thl board
were three defeated candidates of
tho Labor Par^y in the rocent parliamentary elections.
The board made throo reports.
The conl mine owning labor exploit,
ers offered to doorcase the working
day one hour and increase wages
15 per cent. Tbe labor representatives demanded that tbe working
day be out down two hours with a
30 per oent increaie in wages. Tho
labor exploiters representing the
other industries and tho president of
tho board proposed an immediate reduction of one hour in the length of
the working day, a further reduction
of one hour in 1920,' and a 20 per
cent Increase in wagos. Lloyd
George's governmont agreed to the
third report, and the men consented
to the compromise. Tho agreemont
establishes 42 hours per week for
underground workers and 46ft hours
for other workers. "The commission'! award," declared Mr. Wobb,
"will require the payment of increased wages amounting to *_!«,-
000,000 per year. This is the largest
Phont Seymour 8000
Prlvsti Exchange Connecting All Department*
CASH AND CARRY
Grocery -Specials
For Week Commencing Saturday, May 10th
Canned Appln, SH>, tin Ue
Gold Medal Pilches, 2-KsJMe
Happyvale   Pineapple,   large
tin I_y_e
Okanagan Cherries, pitted Ut*
Rogers'     Golden"  Syrup,
2'!  —Ytt
Forest Cream Maple Butter  .Jle
Attn Dinah Molasses, per
tr» *•<-_ 18'/ie
Clark'! Pot-*). Meats, Vt,
reg. 10c, for  7*/,e
OoBse A Millard's   Kippered
Salmon, _t   .13*
Jutland Sardines, por tie 100
British    Canadian    Ideal
Peai _ UVie
Quaker Corn, per tin ......tV/,0
Campbell's Soups .IBS
Colman's Mustard, Mi ...JMe
Malkin's Jelly Powders. S'/s«
Holbrook's Potato Flour... .Mo
Knox Oolatine  ..............180
Blue Bibbon Peaches ........18c
Boyal Purple Currant! . 154
Malkin's     Best    Custard
Powder, per tin .......190
Sohepp's Cocoanut, Ul -~.Me
Cow Brand Baking Soda,
per lb t%0
Canada Corn Starch . . Ue
Whito Gloss Starch .Ue
Pride of Vancourer Baking
Powder .201
Dr. Priee'I Baking Powder
for 39o
Wild Bose Pastry Flour ...04c
Snap, per tin 17e
Bon-Ami, tin or cake - Ue
Beekitt's Blue   Se
Ivory Soap, per cake 8i/,c
P. * O. Naptha Soap -. 7'/sC *
Goblin Soap, per cike .... 7c
Cutili Soap, per oake ... Se
Purl Barley, 1 lba. —....-..170
Best Jap Elci, t Ibl.  24e
Split Pus, I lbs  17e
White Star Icing, pkg.......llc
Shields Vinigir, bottl* ISo
Lux, per pkg. _.10o
Quaker StandaM Peal, tlnl4e
Old Dutoh Cleanser, tin .... Se
Argood Plckln, bottle  .Ke .
Blus Bibbon Tia, rog. 6Sc..5Se
Woodward's   Better    Coffee,
reg. (So for ■..-.-. .40e
Dominion Hatehti, 300s... ie
FelsNiptha Soap, eaki .... 8e
Purity Oats, large cartons 28c
Kellogg 'i Krumblei  .10*/,c
Orapi Nutl ,. 43e
Shredded Wheat, per pkg. ISO
Aunt    Jemima    Pancake
Flour 19V.I
Kellogg'i Bran, pkg. .-..171
Holbrook'i Punch 8auee.._2So
Mason'! Oold Seal Sauce M'/jO
Irwin A Billings Ketchup,
por bottle .....300
Stanley's Marmalade, Lemon,
Grapefruit or Orange, 4-lb.
tin    .7»e
Climax Jam, 4-lb. tin  .070
Vantoria Pure Jam, 2s 340
Vantoria Strawberry Jam,
2s .S70
Victoria Strawberry Jam,
4s    $1.08
Nabob Extracts, bottle tie
Malkin's   Best   Extracts,
per bottle ..' .gle
Libby's   Salad   Drilling,
per bottle  Me
P. of y. StorilUed Milk....Ue
Olives, 8*01. bottlos  .161
Beindeer Milk, per tin....leyae
Lowney's   and   Cowan's
Cocoa, Hi __— Jle
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
and three well known writeri upon I wage lncreue ever made in  Ki
economic and political subjects, in-lope."
WOMEN UNIONISTS
IN BIO OATHBRINO
Brltlih Womin to Be Represented at
National Convention
Mln Mary MeArthur, secritaryof
thi British Women's Tride Union
League, who will represent thi organized working women of Great'
Britain at thi national convention
of the National Women 'i Trade
Union League ef America, in Philadelphia, in June, hai arrived in thii
country, and will vlilt a numbir of
the local branchei of the league dur
ing the next severil weeks.
Miss MeArthur, in private lift, il
thi widow of W. O. Anderson, Labor
member of parliament, whose death
a short time ago deprived the Independent .Labor Party of Great Britain of one of its ablest and must-
trusted leaders, Mrs. Anderson, or
Miss MeArthur, was herself also a
candidate for parliament at the lut
genoral elootion, and' ran second
highost among the sevoral women
candidates. For many years she has
been socrotary of the British Women's Trade Union Lengue, which
organization has maintained close
relation! with the National Women'a Trade Union League of
America.
Compensation Increased
Providence, B. I.—Bhode Iiland
houie of representatives hai passed
thl following amendment to the
workmen's compensation lawf In
cases of total disability employee
Bhall receive compensation at two-
thirds hli usual pay and whin disability coven period of over two
weeki payment shall dite from time
of injury; employee may chosi hli
owa physioians when examination of
his condition is made.
AN OPEN LETTER TO
HOUSEWIVES
-Re Distribution of Milk
We want you to co-operate with us in giving the salesmen on
our milk wagons one day off in seven.
The dairies signing this request are working in co-operation with
their employees through an Industrial Council. Recently; the
salesmen asked for relief from the seven-day week which has
been the custom.
As employers we agreed to go further than the men asked and it
was decided they should have what workers in practically every
walk of life have—one day off in seven.
We think you will agree that this is only right and just—but to
do it, you must co-operate.
To give the regular men on each route that dejr ofl mesne
putting substitute drivers on eaoh run from time te time.
This means that there can be no private understanding between salesmen ahd housewives as to the retaining of bottles
—on aocounts for„tiokets—or leaving milk without a ticket-
as has often been .the case in the paat.
The salesman must hand over hie route to the aubetltute with
• "clean sheet" as te bottlee, tickets and accounts. The substitute must returti the route to the regular salesman with a
"clean sheet." Otherwise there will be confusion and misunderstanding.
After going thoroughly into the matter with our salesmen we have found that
the.only way the case can be met ia by strietly enforcing the following role:
AFTER MAT 15 BOTH -YOUR MILK BOTTLE AND TICKETS MOST BE
"OUT" AT A CONVENIENT PLACE WHEN THE SALESMAN COMES
AROUND OR HE WILL NOT LEAVE MILK.
We must insist on "empty bottles" being returned when "full bottlu" an lift tt, with
different men on your route, we would nan no check on our bottlu. Incidentally wi
would stnte thlt lait yur the replacing of bottlei meant an expenditure of approri
mately »80,000—fourteen carloads of bottlu being required. Thii ii a "leak" which
must be stoppid if different Salomon an to bandll thi routes.
We uk your co-operation-If i the only war we eaa givi out man thilr dar
off unlui we est ont deliveries oae day a weik—something whieh would cause
gnat Inconvenience aa around.
Standard Milk Co. Ltd
Valley Dairy        Turner's Dairy
Stan thli practico now. DON'T WAIT TOTO, MAT IS, Put year bottle and tloket
out tonight.
UNION MEN ARE
MADE WELCOME
—AT THE-
Bank
Buffet
Soft Drinks and
Fresh  Cool Beer.
ran Aoioaa nn max
Tken's   •   notion    picture    thst
. «v.n . a --.unon picture in
*—** **' »••—mil" IPSrt—tllklai
with each olher bjr t.iephone. Finally tht dlita-M biunt thronjS tomt
msslo ol Ut phototrspb.tr, sad thou
two mtn srt tew eiitiu* oi ilthir
side of ■ dtilt, chitting, Lushing ind
■mtlcalsUni.
Htrt ii a lillon to h. rimembtred
when we're rushed snd Impatient,
for_etful urn at ih, olher nd of thi
lint la a man reid-r in adopt tht.....
friendi--,   cordial  attitudo  wt   would
aaiuint  It h. entered  al   ear   ofle* i
door.
B. O.  SUIFHOM  CO., LID.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Homer
THE EQUITIST
Shows How
ONE BIG UNION
Oould Enforce Economic Equity
Fubliahed woekly.
♦1.80 a year to Canida
"The "Almighty Dollar", "Cooperation",   otc.,   frol,   if   you
mention thii paper.
Box OS, Longbruch, Walk.
Cut Rate Specials
Friday and Saturday
10s Bit Ores     f|
lis Rild'i Caiura Tablets ...111
SSo Nature's Remedy Tlblttl 111
600 Zimbnk     _.,,•_!
000 FniltitiTH _.__ Mi
»0o Ola Pills |do
11.00 Nutated Iroa  In
•Oi Semprt Gloria* ..die
•1.00 KiIIoii'i Aithnu Oan 7<H
J5i Reld's Utile Llvtr _*llli....l««
951 Hamilton's Fills  ITI
800 Orchard Whits ...JJ|
SOe Syrup ol Whiti Flu ind
Tar  _ ||a
SOe Reld'i Brllllii.Ui*!  _.«m
■15c R.Id'i Witch natrl Cream IM
•1.00 Reld'i Syrup ol Hypo*
phoephlttl  „ „ |Bf
SSo Hinty'i Tooth Put*  see
85o  Clitoris as*
SQt Alennt&'a Tilcum   lie
11.10 Will-built   Hoi   Wattr
Boltli   „ li*
13.00  Fountain  Sjrui-re   (two
quart!)  ...Sl.SI
Vancouver Drug Ca
MAM BTOll
lesHsstlilsW.  -  Mr. 1KMHI
BRAKOS STORM
7 Haitian W. B.y. IM1
TII OrurUli It. Ser* Tilt
Oor. Gruvlllt snd Broadway
ity. im ud ntto
III Man strsst Her. sue
i/ofl Oimmtrclel Drln
Hlft. Ml Md 1TIIO
Oood lor om yeir'i mbicrlptlon to Th*
m g\   n    I        ft I 0.0.   rcderatloslit,  will  bt mallei  I*
111 \i|K I a-fifa *V •'••I""* In Cauda lor •13.50.
Xv    UUIIl    wlU Utf       (Oood  anywhere  outiide   of   Vancouvtr
•itf.)  Order ten today. Rinlt whin loll.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law Will AUow
Wl deserve Trail Vales Pgtrouagi
No. 1 No. 2 .
110 Cordora St. West, or        622 Pender West
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
THB NEW CANADIAN ROUTE
THROOOH Mount Robson and Jasper Parks across Ihe prairies
through the most fertile (rain belt in the world lo Winnipeg,
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec.
CONM.OTION8 at Winnipeg aad Duluth for Central Slates, at
Toronto and Montreal for Eastern States and Atlantic ports.
riNEST TRAINS, Eleotrii llghtid, Standard and Tourist Sleeping Can, alio Dining Can.
For Rati!, Ticket!, Lltenturi md Information, apply I*
ASSISTANT OBNBBAL FASSENOBB AOUNT
60S Hutlngi St. W„ Vancouver, & O. Phone Stymour 2488 PAGE SIX
eleventh tear. Ho. m THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST'   vasoouveb, b. ft
FRIDAY. May
w_
Union Made Shoes
from Union
Factories
ARE A SPECIALTY OP JOHNSTON'S
Whether it is a fine Boot for dresB wear or a solid
sturdy Working Boot, you may ohoose them here,
and get them carrying the union stamp.
THREE BIG UNION-MADE LEADERS
OEO. A. SLATER INVIOTUS-Tho best good Shoe
made in all Canada,
SLATER'S SHOE CO.'S—Famous Slater Shoe. The
old-time shoe with the Slater trade mark.
LECKIE'S BOOTS FOR WORK-The best heavy
Boots made in Canada. "The quality goes in before the name goes on."
From the above
three lines, Mr.
Man, choosing
will be easy for
you. The styles
are right, the
prices aro
right, and the
qualities are
guaranteed.
I
EDEBAHOMST
EACH ONE
UNION MADE
Hake it a
habit to bay
thoie Shoee
at Johnston's,
:-.U Uk- num of
3i**\ -cUclric Boot
P W 409 ///):/r//v/.'i*5.r W    CulUrtHiA ST .1 i mm
\^*^_eW , __....._-,.   t-    /"    ti  '*      A, ,   ,.,   Id/,- r-T-.- . ._ _■ w,-.-.   «   -H
\_ w Westminster.B C]
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Be consiitent wd demand fhe Union Stamp on yonr boots and
iboel.   The following loeal firms are fair to Organized Labor and
-are worthy of yonr patronage and rapport:
J. Leekio Co., Ltd., 220 Cambie Street.
Harvoy Boot Shop, 51 Cordova St. W.—Custom Making and Bepairs.
W. J. Heads, SO Water Street—Custom Making and Repairs.
H. Voi A Son, 63 Cordova Street West—Custom Making and Bepairs.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 531 Dunsmuir Street—Custom Making and
Bepairs.
UNION BEPAIB SHOPS
"Nodelay" Shoe Repair Company, 1047 Granville Street
Standard Shoe Repair Shop, 618 Bobson Street.
M. B. Thorns, 256 Kingsway.
Woods Ltd. "K" Boot Shop, Cordova and Hastings St. W.
H. C. Spaulding, 5071 Fraser Street, South Vancouver.
Be progreulve, Hr. Shoe Repairer, and get In touch with Secretary Tom Cory, 445 Vernon Drive.
The Farmer
• Editor B. C. Foderationist: Wit—
I see in the papers that the officer*
of the government are encouraging
tho soldiers and others to go onto
the land and become farmers. Oa
the surface it is a good proposition,
but how many farmers havo left
thc farms! Aad who was tho cause
of itf You will aee who. I blame
for the thousands of farms now vacant, or has been bought up for the
taxes by others who are now facing
tho samo condition of losing the
farms again. I see by the papers
that thc farmer is called a true soldior, then treat him as one. When
a soldier gets wounded he is nursed
and protected by tho government.
Why not protect tlie farmert If his
crop is a failure, or diseaso get in
amongst his cattle, things the farmer cannot control, yet all these
things tho farmer hns to meet. And
ot tho same timo pay taxes on tho
farm or lose it. Now, is this justice
or is the farmer a slave to the officers of the state who receive pay
out of the taxes, which tho farmer
must pay yet thc former must carry
his own load for machinery and
everything used on the farm. Why
not loan to the farmer things he
needs to help him over the failure,
and take it back in kin-d, without
iurning it into a cash deal, and making the farmer give a mortgage on
everything he hast My own experience is this. I got seed wheat from
the officers of the government and
I had to give a mortgage on everything I had. Is this just! After
going out on the prairie and taking
up a homestead to mako a home for
me and my family. Land, beforo we i
camo, could be bought for $8.10 per
acre. With no taxes being paid on
said land, aB far as I know, yet just
as soon as I homesteaded the land
was taxed. Aixt taxes are going
higher every year, yet there oro
towns and cities where it was open
prairie when I homesteaded. If tho
farmer gets his crop year nfter year,
ho can pay for his machinery and
buildings, and is all right, but how
many failures of crops will put the
farmer out of business! It depends
on his ability to economize, but there
are limits of starvation beyond
which he cannot go. Yet tho officer says pay or get. The only con-
elusion I can come to is this: Tho
nationalizing of the farm and protect the farmer from being drivon
to the city to become a pauper and
his children criminals. Any person
who takes up land to make a living
on for himself and family is a hero,
because he is a helper all around.
See how the manufacturers and nil
other branches of trade are benefitted by him! Yet he has to carry his
own load in adversity. Ib it just or
right! We farmers know tho sore
and we want the remedy on just
lines.
CALEB PARKER.
fthe present system. Nol a thousand
times, nol    The   worker  produces.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLMAW MBROHANTS AND IHF0STER8
Dry Goods, Oenta' Furnishings
VICTORIA, B. 0.
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Eto.
L
Factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of Amerifca
The 0. B. U.
To tho B. C. Loggers: As the
idea of ono Industrial union, thero
is no doubt, that the majority of
loggers are in accord with that idea,
and will give aid financially nnd
otherwise, to the B. C. Federation
of Labor, the Trades and Labor
Council, to win over the other "unions to the idea of the 0. B. U. but
are wo (the Loggers)--organised
strong enough to the same extent
that the other unions are that will,
be affiliated together under the banner of solidarity!
The loggers several times have
been bitten at the dollar end, as I
far as organization is concerned, and
really he is yet a little sceptical
now. And as a hobo, I have this to
say for myself and for over two hundred loggers, I have come in contact with that thoy wish the same
chance to becomo organized or to
complete their unit of organization
as the other units affiliated with
them arc. So that wo can show a
united front to our employers as
well as tho other affiliated unions
can at present. When the six-hour
day is demanded of our employers
by tho O. B. U. or when we take
over the means of lifo, we can run
the logging industry for the common benefit of us all, instead of for
the parasites at present.
I also wish to state that the tactics used by us loggers to win demands from our employers (till the
time of our emancipation) must be
on our field of battlo (the job) not
on his field (off tbe job) so that results can bo beneficial to ourselves,
and not to our employer, our fellow
workers can decide that, as they did
over in God's Country where slaves
are free, as wo are. If we are going to improve upon craft unionism
let us improve upon their plan of
action.
A DELEGATE FOB B.C.L. UNION.
How Do You Entertain
Your Friends ?
Is the unexpected arrival of visitors a source of pleasure to yont
Or aro vou worried how you will entertain them! You can free
yourself of all anxiety if you own a
Phonola Duke Gramophone
Tliis li ft splendid machine; will play any make of dlic record perfectly;
■ftpphlre point; no needles to change; will not scratch jour records: beautiful fuincd oak cabinet;  noineleKi double-iprlng motor.    Complete wltb 13
eeleetiona for apeelal price of 1100.    (Regular price f 115.)
925 ca-h and $10 ft month will place thla machine ln your home.
LET  US  DEMONSTRATE
The Canadian Furniture Co.
120 HASTINGS ST. W.
Opposite Woodward's
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
We carry a complete stock of—
MECHANICS' TOOLS     GARDEN HOSE
LAWN MOWERS GARDEN TOOLS
BUILDERS' HARDWARE
We also carry a full line of SPORTING and PISHING TACKLE
J. A. FLETT, LIMITED
339 Hastings Street West
Bolstering tip
Editro B. C. Federationist: The
interests of the master eluss having
become "centralized" through the
moans of the different sections of
"big business" have at last reached their apex. Tho cap stone is in
place. The time and brain expendod on the gigantic fabrication has
come to naught,
The under pinning of tho structure is cracking 'ominously. Tho
masters are calling upon their organizntion experts to jack thc structure up, put in a block or two,
which samo ore, those honeyed
phrases centering around their gilt-
edge stock in trade, i. c, promises
on futurity, which never mature.
This bolstering up process is being
carried out in every country. "We
soe in tho daily press, the result
of interviews obtained from the
bench mon of the powers Hint be,
oiich and every one peddle the same
lin-e of bunk, promises which they
know cnn never bo fulfilled under
tho present systom, and now we
have Ihe result of their mentnl processes. "The get together" slogan
of capitnl and lnbor. OhI those
masked words which are being put
in circulation by tho "mental suggestion" of the master, Wc see advocated by tho propagandist of capital, organization to be composed of
the masters and their slaves, such
clubs and societies as thn Rockefeller intcresta and their ilk have in
operation ot the present time, nlso
being carried on to a certain extent by the exploiters of men and
minerals in this province.
Now, thc interests of tho exploiter
ind tho exploited being diametrical-
y opposite, can tho workers, moot]
the mnn or tho people who are daily
wringing profits from his very lifo
blood, on terms of equality, under
Ayel life in lti entirety. The tifiwter
produces what? Ludlows and 'Homesteads and Prussianism in general.
We see today, the spectaelo of capital endeavoring to clean up the
backyards of the different countries.
This spring cleaning being carried
by the "big trust" is uncovering
some startling facts; the more they
rake over the pile "capitalistic diplomacy" that noxious weed which
infests all countries, the bigger the
pile seems to grow. The chaos of capitalistic promises of swag and dividing reminds one of the brigands and
pirates of a few centuries ago. These
"legalized" brigands and pirates of
this '' commercialized civilization''
are swash buckling up and down
shouting democracy and peaee along
with, that slippery word reconstruction. Whoso interests do they wish
to further f Can the masses be hypnotized to stand for the same line
of '' political piffle'' and fake legislation as obtained at the present I
Are the producers of "profits,"
those meek and lowly slaves of the
masters satisfied to stay in the old
rut of exploitation. Again we say
nol
Who pays all the debts that this
system of governments contract, and
who receives the benefits accruing
thereto! The producers being the
only capital on earth In the last analysis ty their Intensified production, pay the bills, and the exploiting class reap the benefit of their
labor thus enabling them to assume
liabilities of gigantic proportions in
the marts and governments of the
world.
A nation's credit, is In every case
represented by the number of slaves,
and their ability to produce surplu*
vaiues. ttuskin wiya these words in
ciu. uf his leut at os: "All unjiv.t wnr
being supportable, if not by pilbu-i
of the enemy, enly by loa^.s fi«n
capitalist?, those loans aro repaid
by sub'scijuont taxation of the p(0i
pie, who appear to have no will In
the matter, tho capitalists wiU being the primary root of the war."
Let the monied interests ref uso to
loan their capital, originally man*
power, to th-fi warring factions, the
rosult is, there is no war. "Big
business" being international in its
scope, must create markets for the
swag exploited from its slaves,
otherwise there is no business. Now
such being the oase, what ii going
to happen whon each and every
continent or market is closed!
The doors that remain open at the
preaent time are about to swing
shut. The countries who in past
years have been a vast field for exploiting are rapidly closing, owing
to the simplicity of modern machinery, the various nations are' able to
produce enormous piles of merchandise, in excess of their actual needs.
What can they do with the surplus goods, If the present system
still obtains in tho futuro f Stop
and think! Who does this surplus
of goods belong to? Theso necessities of life, who created that surplus, and why?
We find the worker existing as a
general thing in a very precarious
fashion a sort of hand to mouth
living, living did we say! Nol Not
oven existing at times. Tho master
tells him to savo his money, be
thrifty, and use judgment, Te Gods,
it is to laugh] The truth of the matter is, he has produced so much of
this world's goods without consuming them, that the roaster has discovered just how much ho can exist on to be used profitably in producing more, and allows him a wage
which keeps him with his nose at
the grindstone in order to provido
the bare necessities of life for his
family or dependents. This eternal
fear of providing for and sustaining
life has become one perpetual nightmare to the average worker under
this system. The competition hav-|
ing become very keen through the
displacement of man-power by machinery, leads ono worker to pit
himself against another in the industrial field, he finds himself oc
cupying the same position as
goods ne hat turned out  He, .
the goods, has to be sold to an al-
the
He, Uke
ready over-stocked market. vUUB«-
quently the value of his labor fluctuates according to the amount of
other slaves on the market.
Now, tho enly way to remedy the
above conditions, lies in labor being
able to shorten the hours of production., by so doing creating a stable
markot, which results in the employ-!
ment of the unemployed, doing away
with surplus labor on the market.
To accomplish which, eaeh and every
worker on the job must belong to
ono organization, either directly or
indirectly. Thereby creating an organization controlled by and for the
welfare of all the workers, collectively. Trade unioni havo performed their functions to a certain extent ia past years, but, they are feeing today, the process of evolution.
What functioned yesterday will not
gain results today. One has only to
refer to the gigantic strides of centralized capital, the merging of the
different sections of "big business"
brings them together thereby enabling them to create one board of
control, although running as separate concerns.
Now, have the dividends of capital decreased in tho procoss of centralization! Nol We find it eliminated in competents, theroby gaining
efficiency. It enables thom to placo
their hand on each and every pile
of swag at a moment's notice.
Thore is no delay, no confusion in
the offices of '' big business,'' everything works smoothly, even the
"working of tho workers." They
know when the short haul pile is for
the emergency, and keep tho feeder
of their system well lubricated "with
oil, i. e., the brain and brawn of
tho workers.
Nowl What is sauce for the goose
is also sauce for the gander. Tho
workers, in ordor to overcome the
present permicious system of exploitation, must "centralize" themselves, ceaso discriminating on the
job, get rid of tho foul vampires,
'' case and ignorance,'' that I 'm bettor than you feeling; because you
are a digger of sowers. We all f line-
If You have a Suit to Buy
You will want Every Cent
of your Money to Count
Make it. Go to a store that is in a position to bay to advantage and give yon the right kind oi selection. Go to
a store that has the reputation for giving good values and
don't buy a name—buy clothes. This store fulfils all
these conditions. There is no store hereabouts that haa
any advantage over us with the manufacturer when it
comes to buying, and we havo a big enough volume to
provide the very finest kind of a selection. - We have built
the business on value giving and satisfying people just a
little bit better than other stores wero able to, and we
can satisfy you with the clothes we sell. We sell clothes
by some of the best manufacturers in Canada, but no one
has any strings on us and our buying ia done wheresoever
we can find the most for our money. It's a good plan.
Why not buy your clothes the same way? Prices here
range from $22.50 to $45.00.
David Spencer, Limited
tion equally so matter what our labor. J
Bear In mind, wo are all slavos
according to tbe masters' line of
thought. He does not invite us to
the Vancouver hotel for luncheon,
nor to tho Board of Trade banquets,
neither doe. ho uk th. workors to
preside at tho "melon" cutting
shindigs.
Faction. In all classes et society
havo been the cause of their down
fall. Tho workers must Inovitat
como together on ono platform. Ti
signs of tho times an very sign!;
cant to the close observer, as witat
tho trend of though of the worty
on thiB subject these last tow yea!
The master is certainly -doing 1
best for tha worker. As an agitat
he Is in a elass of hla own, for
tho tactics and puffed up phraj
which he omits from timo to tii!
(Continued Mlt page)
Now for Six Days of Joy-
ofSSong-of Laughter--
of JCheering Happiness
If you think you've seen enthusiastic celebrations, you are going to get the surprise of
your life, when this positively amazing Week of Joy is inaugurated! A PEACE CELEBRATION that has been conceived with the skill and intelligence that lifts it above
its contemporaries! So stupendous it will claim a distinction all its own! You will be
thrilled with enthusiasm!
Entertainment has been prepared which will startle you! Amusements that will carry
you back to your childhood days with the happy, carefree moments that will make you
forget the terrible period through which we have passed! A Festival of Happiness—
a Carnival of Joy!
Those Men Who Have Been
"Up the Line" Into that Hell of
Mud-of Filth-of Fire and Gas
It is over four years since Canada entered upon the greatest and most cruel war that
this world has ever known—with the most noble purpose—the saving of the world for
democracy and from the evils and oppression of Teutonic autocracy and militarism!
Thousands of our sons trained, armed and equipped themselves as Fighting Men—
the flower of the Youth and Manhood of our country! They went "up the line" into
that hell of mud and filth; fire and gas—offering their all—their lives—more than that
no man can give to his country! Their task is done! Many lie in "Flanders Fields!"
Many more are back with us again!
THIS PEACE CELEBRATION is their idea—a fitting way to celebrate the just cause
well. To those of us whose minor task was to "keep the home-fires burning, remains
the privilege to join with them in making this VANCOUVER'S' GREATEST CELEBRATION!  LET'S DO IT WITH A WILL!
A Man Makes Three Successive
Leaps from Parachute Into Space
Homer1
Jubilee
i' ri
CAMBIE
STREET
GROUNDS
OFFICE:   309 CROWN BUILDING
How is it done? He leaves the ground hanging suspended by his hands from a slender
bar! Up and up he goes until he towers high above the highest mountain peak—a
mere speck among the clouds! He loosens his hold and drops—a never-to-be-forgotten
thrill 1 	
This is one of the many daring feats that you will witness! Truly, Barnum's
Greatest Show on Earth and Coney Island combined could not offer you one-
half the attractions that you will behold here!
Home-Coming
Jubilee
Under the Auspices of the Comrades of the Great War
"THE LAUGH ON THE RHINE" L l-aiDAT...
-May i, Ini
ELEVENTH YEAB.   No. lt
It's time to think about Porch
and Verandah Furniture!
—and every bit important as the inside
furniture treatment
should be the consideration of selection
be. Buy now and get
a full season's service
out of it.        *   ■ *.
Folding Deck Chairs
Folding Deck Chairs, with arms —92.90
Folding Deck Chair with arms and leg rest $3.75
Folding Arm Chairs for camps, launches, etc*
heavy canvas seat and back  .........$4.00
Old Hickory Arm Chairs...... ......$5.90 to $8.50
Old Hickory Rockers $6.50 to $9.00
OM Hickory Arm Chairs  $5.95 to $8.50
Maple Arm Chairs with double splint seat and
back, special.. $4.95
Reed Rockers, in natural or fumed finish, $7.75
and $9.95.
Folding Camp Cots  $3.75
$6.75 White Enamel Iron Beds for camps and
summer cottages, special   $4.75
each and every one contradicting
the other, make hira our one best
bet In helping to drive the workers
into one fold, knitting the workers
together by their camouflage, subterfuge and hypoeracy.
Workers, now is the time, today,
don't procrastinate. Tho writer
once heard a president of the republic south of us, say these words:
''Don't let your lands get into the
hands of speculators," and we would
sny to the workers, "Don't let your
hands get into tha hands of speculators." E. fl. tJ.
"How long halt wo between two
opinions!"
3-Piece Fumed Oak Den Suite
Composed of settee, arm chair and rocker.
Seat cushions are covered with Spanish
leather. Regularly $125.00.
Special  	
$87.50
-.Fifth Floor.
Granville and Georgia Streets
[X. B. OUTHBEMBON * Oo.
Men'i Hatters and Outfitters
830 OranviUa Btreet
ait Hastings Stmt Waat
Phon* Mgr, m     Dar er Wight
Nunn, Thomson A Olegg
nnOUL DIBSOTOM
Ml Homer St.  Vanconver, B. a
PATRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Named Shoes are frequently made
in Non-union factories
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the TOIOM STAMP ue always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for Absence ef the Union Stamp
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
ua iuUmsb imsmt, boston, mam.
[ JOHN F. TOBIN, President OHAS. L. BAINE, Sec.-Treas.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
■Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
{try our Pea Ooal fei yonr underfeed furnace)
COAL
■VIACDONALD-MARPOLE CO.
Editor B. O. Federatlonist!   The
following letter was received at our
last nieeting, and I waa instructed
te request its publication itt the Fed.
Tours,
W, A, Alexander,
Secretary Steam and Operating Engineers,
Dear Sir and Brother: Tour circular letter .with tho leaflets arrived by last mail and were read with
muoh interest.
Begarding the proposed 0. B. U.
and the six-hour working dayt these
and other nuestlons likely to eome
along in the near future deserve a
thorough analysis and should not be
treated in the indifferent manner in
which we have treated other propositions in the past.
Organized labor haa undoubtedly
reached the -oritical point in its history and now is the time to mako
use of the knowledge, gained by
practical experience in the past directed by the powers of analysis
which we have acquired by the
study of capitalism. Tile virtues of
aggressiveness' and courage are, of
course, absolutely essential but we
must use our brains and be careful,
for the fewer abortive attempts we
have to make before success Anally
comes our way, the better we shall
feel.
For the good of the movement we
must get into, the habit of thoroughly oriticising 'important propositions.
They may, at flrst sight, appoar to
be perfectly commendable and criticism may seem even treacherous to
the welfare of the workers; yet, on
a olose analysis, certain features
may disclose themselves which would
cause insurmountable secondary difficulties to arise during the process
of putting the propositions into actual practice.
The six-hour day as a romedy or
palliative for unemployment is a1
question procisely of this character.
The arguments in its favor placed
before us in Bullentin No. . are
quite correct in a general sense, but
to use them in'the present instance
will lead us probably to an erroneous conclusion. In a society where
production is carried on in a rational, seiontifio manner for tho uae of
the producers, over produetion and
consequent idleness could be easily
countered by reducing the working
day but the problem might not work
out ao nieely with tho capitalist system in vogue. Shortening the working day under capitalism would not
materially affect the queatlon of
overproduction. It would admit for
tho moment of the employment of
moro men, but the total product of
labor would be exactly the same.
Tho workera would get a largo share
but the other classes would get a
correspondingly smaller share, in
faot for the great mass of the middle classes the system would ceaso
in accustoming itself to pessimism.
It has tried to obex the precept of
the sage and not to be too surprised
Iat anything. But though -the exercise has bean assidous, it is still
hard. Come sailor's instinct is always at work prompting us to
stretch our sails to every breose of
hope. Wo say, for instance, to out-
selves that the world ie in a frenzy
still; and, although the debauch of
war is ended, tho morning headache
is a condition atill far removed from
sanity. But thero are signs of its
return, and upon these the optimist
builds. He does it for the most part
unconsciously, and only realizes his
invincible desire to believe in and
hope for the good when some in-.
credible event desoonds like a light-*)
ning flash to illuminate for one lurid
instant the intellectual chaos and
moral degradation of the world.
Sueh an event is the acquittal of
Villain,   the   murderer   of   Jean
Jaures, by a Paris jury. After all,
say the cynio within us, when the
flash is ended and the incalculable
darkness descends again, why notf
It is hard, indeed, to hold baok the
impulsive reply which would assume
the validity of imperatives which
#e know are disregarded, or the ex-
isteuos of honesties which have long
ago been scrapped as hinderances
to getting on with the war.  It is
too hard. We confess that our pessimism was imperfect.  We were not
prepared for' this, and we refuse to
accept it. The verdict has been pass*
ed, and we know that it'cannot be
recalled.  Accept it aa a faet we
must; but we may refuse to accept
it ea a eharaeteristie   fast    we
choose rather to regard it as marking the nadir, the consequence of
tendencies that have long been manifest.  Now that the tendency has
reaehed ita logical conclusion, we
may comfort ourselves with tha hope
that a reaction is inevitable.
It has, we hope, some justification.
A verdict such'as that which the
jury of bourgeois-Frenchmen passed
on Jaures' murderer leaves precious
little room for the humbug which
has been so generally practiced, and
with sueh success in all countrios
during the war.   The pretence of
European civilization is revealed by
ita light to have worn so thin that
it can impose on no one.   Villain
waa acquitted because   he   was   a
"patriot."    The mockery of   the
whole was emphasized by'tho long
procession   of   eminent   witnesses,
who deposed that Jaures was also
a patriot, inspired by the noblest
motives.   Minister   after  minister,
reactionary, bourgeois and Socialist
alike, swore—they could do no leBi
that Juares  was inspired  by   the
single thought of sparing his country and the world the horrors of
war, the nature of which he clearly
forsaw.   There waa no question of
any attempt to sabotage the mobilization of the French army.  Juares
had always condemned the scheme,
which wae tbe peculiar proporty of
M. Harve. It was established that
Juares' idea waa to save the situation at the last second by persuading Ub own government   to   hold
back tha Bussian generals, and his
own government, if he eould, to appeal to President Wilson te arbitrate upon the dispute. It was, perhaps, a forlorne hope; but the plan
waa one of vision. It might have
appealed to the   imagination   and
events have shown that it was the
only plan whieh could have had any
chance of success.
prevent so gross a preversion of
jfefce. But we do not doubt that
the impulse which tha French bourgeois indulged would be present in
an.English middle-class jury also.
The .most wt ean believe is that they
wppld succeed in suppressing it. We
h^'ve no mania for definition or deduction. The French have. The importance of the acquittal of Villain
is that it affords a definition of patriotism as currently conceived in the
year of our Lord 1919. A patriot is
a man who kills Socialists. Tbat is
interesting enough, but there is
further point to be elucidated. It
is not even vet as clear as it should
be whother ne is a patriot because
he kills Socialists, or Whether he
kills Socialists because he ia a patriot.
The difference is not unimportant.
In th* particular ease we do not
know whether Villain's patriotism
was demonstrated to the panel of
hommes moyens senBuels by the faot
that he murdered Juares, or they
knew (from evidenoe that was certainly not made publio) that he was
a partiot bofore the murder; who de*
liberately put his ereed into practice
when the occasion offered. On tho
whole, the published evidence tells1
in favor of the former thesis. Villain seems to be one of those men
who reveal thoir innate but obscure
nobility of soul by a supreme and
unexpected action. So might a common criminal produce a Union Jack
from his pocket on the scaffold and
sing, "Ood Save the King."   He,
too, would go down to history ae a
patriot. But if the roles were uncomfortably reversed, and one of the
Bolshevik desperadoes, of Whioh we
have heard so much, had* thought to
have secured a niche in' the new
Bussian pantheon by a well-aimed
shot at Sir Oeorge Buohanan, his
claim eould not have been admitted.
Sir Oeorge is, aa far ae we know,
not a Socialist.  Therefore, to kill
him,would remain murder, even in
Bussia. For a definition of thia kind
must be valid* every where. Is it possible that patriotism should be killing Socialists in Entente countries,
and.killing ambassadors in Bussia?
No, it ia impossible; The Entento
is victorious, and it is the privilege
of the victor to impose his morality
upon the world. It is indeed a little   unfortunate   that   Bussia  had
not yet have been wholly subjugated, for these is a chance that another more curious and more incon-
—* mt morality may sweep west-
..-...'. A new patriotism may become
contagious which will consist pre*
cisely in killing bourgeois. ^Vhethor
the verdiat of the Paris jury was
really the best method of defense
against its incursion we hesitate to
say. tThat it is a logical defense we
are aesured.    The  logical  dofenss
against revolution is to out Socialists' heads off. The real trouble is
that they grow so fast.   With the
best will in the world one cannot
prevent men from becoming revolutionaries in obscurity.    When the
head chopping becomes fast and furious, the   Socialist   birth-rate   increases by thousands a day, until
there ie nothing for it but to employ one half ef a nation in playing  policemen  to  the  other half.
That is tho logieal consequence ef
the Paris verdict. No one, not even
the jurymen who have it, believo
that it has the remotest connection
with justice. It is a measure of self-
preservation, and it will not be too
Inn™ i—«— —- - ••    •
   Ma. W.  _
oh.nl, W. 11. Cornell, _  Butt. H._G.t*
teridi'e;seereUrr"' v! ti.
810 Labor Temple.
Ifldglejr,  Room
ALLIED   FBItttWa   frkADIS   COON.
oil—Meete    Meeae   Monde,    ln    the
month.    Preeldent, J. f. MeCtfonell; oeo*
rett-r-f, K. H. Meslsn-U. P. 0. Box 06.
JOURNEYMEN BABBEE8* INTERNA,
tional Union ot America, Loeal No.
130—Meete second and fourth Taeed-Ti
In tho month, Booss SOS Labor Templo.
Preeldent, 0. E. Herrltt; leoroterjr, S. H.
Qrent, 820 Cambie Street.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
snd Iron Ship Builder* and Helper* ot
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meete every Mond*,, S p.m. Preeldent,
M. A. McE-Chrrn, 1345 Albersl St.;ecc*
retary-treeeuror, Angiu ' Fraser. 1151
How* Street; bueineee asent, J. A.
Mooro, Hoom 2la Labor Temple.
BKID.E STRUCTURAL ORNAMENTAL
and Reinforced Ironworkere, Local 07
—Meeta aeoond and fourth Mondaya.
President Jaa. Heetinfo* financial aeeretary and treasurer, Roy Maseresr, 1540
lath Ave. Eaat.
BROTHERHOOD
Local No.  eiT-
OP
._.    Moeta  even*   aeeond
and fourth Monday .renin*-,  8 o'clock,
-    '     pV •
CARPENTERS, |
■eir   ae
 _,   .,  I  o'c
Labor Templo. Preaident, M, MoKon-1
ale; seoretary, J. R, Campbell; bnelneee
agent and Snanclal secretary, T. Thom,
Room SOS Labor Temple.    Phono Sey.
im.
ELECTRICAL1* WORKERS,   LOCAL  No.
218—Meets st 4(0 Ponder Street
West, every Monday, S p.m. Preal*
dent, M. Burnes, Ilea Powell Straet; re*
cording aeoretary, W. Fonlkei, 440 Pender Street Weat; Snanclal secretary and
bualneaa agont, ■, H. Morriion, 440
Pender Street Weal; aialatant aeeretary,
F. F. Burrow*.
HOTEL     AND     RESTAURANT     WhV
ployees, Looal as—Meeta erery first
Wedneaday in tha month st 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wedneeday in th* month
at 8:80 p.m. Preeldent, Harry Wood;
aeoretary anl bueineee ageut, W. Mae*
keasle, office and meeting bal], 814 Pen-
der St. W. Phon* Sey. 1881. OSce
houre:   11 to 12 noon; a to 5.
HUNTER-
HENDERSON
PURE PAINTS
Fnre Linseed Oil, Pure White
Lead and flneet coloring pigments will recommend this paint
for your Spring painting.
Per gallon  MM
Salt gallon ._ MM
Per quart . 11*88
H. H. OM Shingle Stain
Finest Shingle Preservative wash
to hold its color and preserve th*
roof, In practice, it's aa econo- .
mical to nn se creosote, because
ef ite spreading capacity, Let OS
show you samples.
BOYS, LOOK!
Fre* eapi to boya on Friday and Saturday,   Bring in thli
ad. and get. a cap.
INTERNATIONAL JEWELRY WORK-
m' Union—Mtetn 2nd and 4t*h Friday!, 205 Labor Temple. Preeldent, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apta., Bnrrard Street;
secretary-treasurer, D. J. Saell, 910
Dummoir Street.
B. 0. LOGOEItS' UNION—Afflliated
wttk B. 0. Federation ol Labor and
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Coanell—-
An Industrial onion of nil workera ln
lotting and oonitraation -tampi. Head-
quarteri, 61 Cordova Street Weit, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Bey. 7856. E.
Winnh, secretary-treasurer; legal advii-
Jleasra. Bird, Maedonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. C.j auditors, Messrs. Buttar
ft OUene, Vanconyer, B. 0. ,,""„.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
Association, Looal 3852—Office and
hall. 604 Pendor Street West. Meets
flnt and third Frldayi, 8 pja, Secretary-treasurer,     0.    Thomas;     business
agent, A. Hill.	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND!
Batcher Workmen'* Union No, 648—
Meets first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Tomple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording aeeretary, Fred
Lilly; financial secretary and business
agent, T. W. Anderson, S87 Homer St.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OP
North America (Vancouver ind vicinity)—Branch meeta aecond and fonrth
Mondaya, Room 204 Labor Tempi*. President, J. Banforth, Euolid Avo., Colllngwood East; flnanclal secretary snd business agent, H. S. NJghtscales, 270—56th
Av*. East, South Vancouver; recording
secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point
Oroy Ro»d. Phone Bayvlew 297PL,
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners.   I.L.A.,   Local   Union   88A,
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.
642 OBANVILLE STBEET
tHOHB, nr. 6110
—.». v 0«i«-sa. \___nS bofore ita folly is apparent to
Juares was, indeed, ono of thfllfjj tlie world.
ir.V   few   mnn.   -ho-**"-*-   *■>•■*      --*-
and Operating Engineer*. Local No.
620—Meeta every Monday, 7:80 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodge.
677 Richard* Street, City; vice-pmident,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Seoond Avenue Ws*»;
secretary-treasurer and buainess agent.
W. A. Alexander, Room 216- Labor Tun-
pie. Phona Seymour 7*95.
STREET   AND   ELECTRIC   RAILWAY.
Employeea, Pioneer Division, No. 101*
—Meet* A. 0. V. Hall, Mount Pleasant.
let and 3rd Mondaya at 8 .p.m. President, W. H. Cottrell; recording s*ort-
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity Street,
phone High. 168R; treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; financial secretary and bRsJnee*
agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drive,
offlce corner Prior and Main Streets.
GENERAL^TEAMSTERS;AND CHAUF-
Maxlcan Printaa -itriW
Sak Antonio.—Tha printers eaa-
ployed on oae of tho If exiean papen
struck for higher wage*. A harried
conference wu held with tkt manager of the oompany and a eatia-
factory Battlement was reached. The
men realiiing that it would be nee*
eiiaxy for them to get in line, have
conferred with the printing tradee
council and will apply to the International for a charter.
Series 5—Meeta tk* Snd and 4th Friday*
of the month, Labor Temple, 6 p.m.
Preaident, John Sully; financial ••«••
tary. Xt. A. Phelps; business agent ud
corresponding secretary, W. Lee, OBce.
Room tie-820 Labor Tsmple.
ittTkftNATIONAI. blttON   OF   HOT?
feur'* Union, Local No. 665—Meet*
every 2nd and 4th Wedneadaya 8 p.m.
President, W. M. Brown; business agent,
V. Haslett, 126 Fifteenth Avenn* East;
financial secretary, Birt Showier, 1120
Robson Street; phon* Sey. 6679. OflU*
687 Homer Stnet.
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNION   No.   226—
Meet* lut Sunday of e»eh month at
2 p.m.   President W. H. Jordan; vio*-
president,   W.   H.    Youhill;   secretary*
treasurer, R. H. Neelandl, Box 00.
Provincial Unions
C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meet*
In annual conviaitoa in January, En-!
ecutive- offlcen, 1918-19: Pretident,
Duncu McCsllum, Ltbor Temple, Vancouver ; vice-president*—Vaneouvar Island, Walter Head, Boath Wellington;
Victoria, J. Taylor; 'Prln** Rnpert, W.
E. Thompson; Vancouvor, E. Wlaafe, W.
R, Trotter; New Westminster, P, Pee-
bto*; Wtat Kootenay, Mama Martin,
Nelson;  Crow'* Nest Pais, W. A. Bh*r>
msn, Fernie. Secretary-treasnrer, A. fl.
Wells, Labor Tempi*, 40S Dunwnuir SL,
Vancouver, B. C.
 VIOTOBIA, B. Q.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADE*
and Labor Council—Meet* Irst aad
third Wednesday*. Knlfhtt ef PytUW
Hsll, North Park Stmt, at 8 pas. Pml' ,
dtmt, B. Simmons; vice-president, T.
Dooley; Mcrtttry-treasurer, Chrittlaa
Slvert*. P. 0. Box 102, Victoria, B. (f._
SOUTH WBLUNOTOsT, V, I.      .
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, C. V. 0* A.1—
Meots flnt Bandar la erery montk •
p.m., Richard Halt. Pmldent, Jaa. Bate-
-tn: rtco-prettdaat, Andrew Parker; reading secretary, Jt*.  Patron;  financial
secretary. William MacDonald; tretanror,
J. H. Richardson.
NORTH VAJrCOTJVBR
U.  B.
OI*  OARPlrfTERS   AAD   JOIM-
,n, UmI.ITTT—MhU Sm ui Oris*
r. KB, LawM
.      _ _m. -MW.1
!_***-*} "te.-ty, W. tt I
(tan la I. 0.0.
Ojtett, at S »».   Fn.li
Loweetlatfc
8uih.il.Bd nil*kiiik"iMit"Z5
North V»ncon**.r.
to produce profit,. As a consequence,
all that portion ot modern industry
whieh is kept going by the special
demands 0/ the middle classes would
slack up or come to a stop, throwing fresh bodies of workers out of
a 30b.
In a society where parasitism ia
dependent on mainly to dispose of
the surplus produot, the rational way
to ovorcome the difficulty of over-
iroduction is to increase the num-
ier of parasites or'else stimulate
their individual appetites. Under
present conditions the best practical solution for unemployment would
be to keep tho soldiers mobilized
and feed them by a governmental
levy on the products of the working class, just as the old Boman
Empire fed its idle armies' at thc
end of the imperial wars in order
to safeguard the existonce of the
state. Under capitalism, produotlon
ia earricd on for tbe purpose of making profits by the sale of commodities in the market. The total consumption rises and falls with the
average standard of living of all
elassos.    In   America  the  evwiw
vory few men, perhaps the
only
,      _ _.      .-« WW*/
man, who could have saved Europe.
For that roason he was shot by Villain. Wo do not doubt that tho reason was presented to him ip other
terms. He may, as his judges benevolently suggested, have been misled by anti-Socialist propaganda; he
may even have convinced himself
that Juares was the enomy of
France. The fact remains that the
precise reason why Juares was declared to b, an enemy of France by
the royalist and militarist reactionaries was that he wished, and made
no concealment of his wish, to pre-
vftnr .  *»■"•    tttt.—   f     ■•   *
LIMITBD
1001 MAIN STREET
Phone Sey. 310
■TRONIZE FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
|>ood for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
.veryons knows that ohsap goods can only be procured
y using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
CASCADE BEER
i produced from the highest grade materials procurable
-Casoade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
 „  the   average
standard is maintained at a high
level by the special standards sot by
the middle and wealthy classes, in
fast industry is largely run for their
benefit.
The reduction or eutting out of
dividends or' profits will therefore
reduce tho average standard of living to the level of the working class
standard, thus reducing the total
consumption of wealth and increasing over-production. Of course, it
will be affirmed that tho additional
workors employed will raiso consumption at their end but as a general rulo an unemployed worker consumes as much as when employed,
for he gets nothing but necessities
in sithor case.
Let us put off direct action for a
little while and for the prosent,
make use of tho new form of organisation to carry on an intensive
propaganda with the special object
of proparing tho workers, for their
duty of assuming direct control of
industry, which is absolutely essential to the solution of proBsing prob*
loins. The six-hour day will thon
become sn easy problem instead of
a Utopean idea as it is under capitalism.
Tours for the good of the working
olass, A. E. UPTON.
Editor B, C. Foderationist: Sir—
I will be very thankful if you will
print the following: Nine years ago
I took a pre-emption joining Powell
Lake, but had to give it up on account of the aggressive interest of
the Powell Biver Paper Company. I
was one of the first settlors in that
valley, and hoped to be able to
ostablish a good home for myself,
but could not, on account of the unlawful individual censorship by tho
agents of the Powell Biver interest.
I am wondering what conld be
done with this wondorful octapas
known as the Powell Biver Paper
Company, as the luws of this country do not seem to be of any beno-
fit to an honest working man.
Will it be an unlawful aet to appeal to the Bolshovikif
Vours for tho freedom of the toilers l|
of tht toil        S. B, SMITH.      *-
vent a war. Thoy, like their Jingo
counterparts  in   Germany   and  in
England, wanted war. They believed, rightly enough, that a war was
the prelude to a monarchial restoration;  they dosired a  France  that
could only be kept together by the
constant display of military force.
Let it be granted, however, that
Villain was so simple as to know
non« of these things, and that he
believed, on the word of Juares' politieal enemies, that the great Socialist, the leader of European Socialism, was an enemy of France.
CottiB, the boy who   shot   at   M.
Clemeneean was not killed; he was
merely confined to his bed for a
fow days. Yet Cottin has been condemned to death; Villain has been
acquitted.  In tho eyes of a Parts
jury Villain was a patriot and Cot-
tin a murdered  Wa have, for ourselves, not the least desire to seo
Villain condemned   to   death,   but
that ha should have been acquitted
with honor within a month of tho
sentence on Cottin is a perversion
of justice so monstrous that we eau
only regard it aa the extremity of
uational aberration.
The French are commonly reputed to be more logical than we. Perhaps the verdict was due to an excess of logic, the absence of which
would prevent an English jury from
giving full rein to its own convictions. No English jury haa had the
opportunity, nnd we do not know
how it would act in a similar case.
BUTTS MINI! WORKERS
ISSUE CALL FOR 0. B. V.
Favor Flan For Industrial and Political Actftn to Abolish
Systom
Tho Metal Mine Workera Union
of Butte, Mont., has issued a call to
all local unions in ita locality to
take up asd investigate tho 0. B.
U.  The Silver Bow Trados Couneil
of Butte, Mont., haB boon endeavoring to have the Metal Mino Workers transfer into what is known as
tho International Mine,  Mill  and
Smelter Workers' Union and whioh
is classed aa a   reactionary  union.
This the Metal Mine Workers turned
down flat and at a mass meeting
of the workers held recently in the
city of Butte the above action was
decided upon and the call is now
being sent out for all workors to
plan for industrial and political aetion, en masse, for the abolition of
the present wage system and in substitution   thereof   the   co-operative
ownorship, by the workors of the
machinery of production and distribution.
Since the above action was taken
the owners of the Speculator, Granite Mountain and Sarsneld Mine*
has -decided to adopt the bonus system and is advocating the system
to all other mining companies
throughout tho country.
CLOSING OUT RICHMOND'S STORE
SHOES AT LESS THAN FACTORY COST THIS WEEK
Lease is sold to W. J. Thome. We mnst victate (25,000 worth of Ladies' tnd Men's
Boots to be sold ont immediately, as we quit business. Tbii if an opportunity to buy
good boots at faotory prices and in many cases less.   Sen ara a few example, of ei-
Want No Union
Salt Lake City, Utah—Tho reporters have been locked out by the
I'tibliHhcrs of the daily newspapers
for trying to form a union. Whon it
bocamo known thnt nn effort wa;
under way to form an organization,
the publishers held a conference and
ag»od to employ no reporter who
haditakcn any part in the move-
meat." A charter will be applied for
and a flght will be made for recognition,
treme price cutting:
Men's Solid Leather Box
Kip Boots, a dandy work
boot.    Reg. $5.50.   Clos-
S__t $3.45
Men's Goodyear welted
Gunmetat Calf. Begular
$7.50. Closing t_c AC
out at .tjOAO
Men's Box Calf, in many
different styles and lasts.
Beg. values up to $8.00.
Closing out *r /»■*■•
Men's very fine Dress
Boots, in great variety of
styles, in tony red or ox-
blood and blaek . Begular values up to $10.00.
ffogingoat $6.95
Men's Good Work Boots.
Beg. $5.60. Clos- f) AC
ing out at $-.10
C. B. Slater's Tally Ho;
oushion sole, corset aroh
combination. Begular $11.
Closing out sn mp
Children's Kid Boots.
Sizes 3 to 7.   Beg. $1.75.
a0/0""""" .$1.00
Boys' School Boots. Beg.
$5.00. Closing *« m
out at f-J.Jd
Tennis and Outing Shoes
for men, women, all at reduced prices.
McPherson's union-made
Boots, in many styles.
Beg. $11.00. tn 0-
Olosing out at .....f f .Sfd
Ladies' Fine Boots, in variety of styles and colors.
Beg. values up to $12.00.
Closing OUt Am   am
Ladies'
$10..00.
at..
Grey Kid.   Beg.
 $6.95
Ladies' in sizes up to 4
only. Reg. $7.50. (a ae
Closing out .*)ea.er*t
Ladies' Blaek Kid.   Reg.
♦7.80. $3.95
Ladies' Canvas and Se*
Island Cloth Boots.   Beg-
Slf? $3.95
Ladies' Pumps and Oxfords, in canvas, poplin
and   Sea   Island   cloth.
Closing OUt An Qg
Ladies' Mary Jane Pump*
patent and kid. Regular
$5.00.  Closing     t_<_ t_
out at .*fJ.4d
Ladies' Boots in many
styles and colors. Reg.
prioe up to $9. #e Ag
Closing out at <f«l»99
at.       	
If You Require Boots Don't Lose Time and Money Looking: Elsewhere
While This Stock Is Being; Sold Out at
RICHMOND'S
305 Hastings Street West, next the Dominion Building
All ex-Members Machinists Lodge, 777
NOfE
MACHINISTS UNION, Vancouver Local No. 1
BUSINESS AGENTS OFFICE,
READING ROOM, LIBRARY AND
MEETING HALL,
PENDER STREET WEST
PHONE SEY. 3610
440
Meetings 1st Saturdays and second and fourth
Tuesdays in each month, at 440 Pender Street
West. Members are urged to attend all meetings.
J
^e Quality Cigar
EL 0ORO
/deal Size
tmrnS     f0r__C%J
ajestic.Size
15*
I
t\ c: o m e
h tfalh3stOh{<mMadeCigar4For25i PAGE EIGHT
ELEVENTH YEAB.   No. tt     THE  BRITISH  0
aaa?
rfiiUfLKAllUXNlSl        VANCOUVER, B. 0,
■ISP
The Pioneer Union Store
Satisfaction!
SATISFACTION is
a big word with a
big meaning. Maybe
you haven't been getting your share of it
in buying clothes.
You ought to get a
full dollar's worth of
solid satisfaction for
every dollar's worth
of clothing you buy.
We  guarantee  it,
here!
Summer Suite
$30
Our test of wear is the secret of friendship
in this store. You must be 100 per cent,
satisfied or your money will be refunded.
Claman's
Limited
One-fifty-three Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Greatest Stock ol
Furniture
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Cb.Ltd
The offlce ot tbe Shipyard Laborers Union has been moved trom
Room 220 to room 207 ot tbe Labor
Temple. The offloe will be open
Saturday afternoon trom 2 to 4:30
p.m. Members are hereby notified
ot a change in the manner ot subscribing tor the B. C. Federationist
for the membership. Commencing
with next weeks Issue only members
subscribing at the rate ot 36 cents
per quarter or 11.25 per year
through the union will recleve the
paper. Take notice of this and turn
lu your subscription price. 12.00
per year will be charged' ot subscriptions unless turned ln through
the union.
AT
ARE THE BEST SHOES MADE
Have you seen the range of SHOES I am offering at
$7.95? They are aU winners, and are thc best in Good
Bhoemaking. Many lasts and styles to choose from, in
black or tan leather. They are all solid d»>T QC
and guaranteed.  Extra Special «P ' i~*J
Rubber Heels put oa any Show bought here FREE OF
CHARGE.
GET YOUR OUTING SHOES HERE-Only the best
quality and at prices a little lower.
Bring your Shoe Repairs her*.   We guarantee the material and workmanship.
Pierre Paris
Boot and Shot Manufacturers, 64 HASTINGS WBST
On* Door West of Columbia Theatro
Phont Stymour 1716
We make it
easy for you
—We Enable You to Get That New Suit you
Need and Pay for it While You Wear It
We've been dealing with Vancouver workingmen for roars and
know that they are honest. We elso Know that many ot you with
families aren't always able to pay outright for a new suit—evon
if yeu need it badly.
Ws make lt easy br giving yon your suit on payment
ef a small cash deposit—the balance you pay as you can—
«n weekly payments as arranged.
On tkis basis we offer vou aa fine a selection of Suits as you'll
tnd is Vancouver—a full range of patterns—all materials mode
tt la the latest models—Anlskira exceptionally well.
Set these mita—ieem how easy lt is to get one by our method.
$25 to $50
B.C. OUTFITTING CO.
141 HASTINGS ST. W. (Near Homer)
Nat Smith and T. Connor
Were the Speakers
at Empress
A goodly crowd of wage workers
attended last Sunday's meeting to
hear Comrado Nat Smith and T.
Connor.      *
Comrade Smith was the flrst
speaker contending that present day
society waB divided into two classes,
a capitalist class and a working
class a maBter class and a slave
class. The master class owning and
controlling society's means of subsistence. The mills, mines, factories,
etc. The slave or working class
owning nothing in the means of life
■ave the energy of their own bodies,
which they must sell in order to
live. A condition in society out of
which arises the so-called social un*
reBt.
This condition of affairs and the
problems arising out of same, oan
only be understood by an understanding of economic development.
The speaker dealt with tho rise of
industrial capitalism in Western
Europe, the divorcing of hordes of
serfs from the lands, and the consequent influx into the towns of
tnese workors who now become wage
workers. Then the opening up of
new markets tho discovery of America and the soa routes to India, Japan and China, giving an incentive
to industry unheard of before. Invention after invention came along
bringing about a concentration of
industry. Large factories sprang up
and tho process of elimination of
the smaller capitalist proceeded
apaco with thc result that towad
in practically every country of tho
world, we find a vory few capitalists who dominate the whole situation.
The policies of these countrios are
formulated to suit the needs of
these imperialistic gangs, and the
membors of the working class aro
called upon to fight their battles,
whenever a dispute arises as to who
is going, to dominate in any particular spot of the globe whieh might
serve as a dumping ground for tho
accumulated surplus that is wrung
from the workers.
The speaker pointed out how this
condition was becoming unbearable
to the masses, how capitalism apparently eould only function successfully when war within society was
at its height furnishing that thing
of things, a market. That an ever-
increasing number of the workers
were coming to. realizo that capitalism must bo overthrown if the problems of their class were going to
bo solved quoting the words of
Trotsky, "Today thero are many of
us more than it may soom; tomorrow there will bb more of us than
today and tho day aftor tomorrow
millions will rise underneath our
banner, millions, who evon now, sixty-seven years after the Paris Com-
muno havo nothing to lose but their
chains.''
Comrade Connor who was. the main
speaker of tho evening, drew attention to the May Day celebration,
pointing- out that never before in
the world's history was tho solidarity of labor so much in evidence.
Thon he -went on to give an account
of oconomic dcvolopmont in England, stating that England presonted
the purost example of capitalist dovelopment.
Tho speaker referred to the raising of sheop and tho enormous exports of wool to tho manufacturing
districts of Flanders, afterwards,
owing to the unsettled political affairs on tho continent. Tho peace-
loving artisans of Flanders, etc.,
moved over to England, where they
received a welcome at tho hands of
English people of affairs, developed the manufacture of woolon
stuffs in Britain, and as a consequence tho export of wool fell Off
considerably. At this time In England the people were comparatively
well off, not being entirely divorced
from the means of life as the modern wage slavo.
However, they were on thc eve of
an industrial revolution which was
destined to bring about drastic
changes in their mode of living.
The speaker told of the invention of
tho spinning jenny, mule and the
water wheel, of the ruthlcsB exploitation of children during tho early
period of the industrial rovolution
instances how manufacturers obtained 20 childron from the poorhouse
(who wcro virtually mado slavos in
the purest sense of the word.)
Tho monstrous treatment of these
children at the hands of tho early
manufacturers resulted in a terrible
death rate. Children died off like
flies. .Reform bills and factory acts
wero introduced to offset this condition, and although the agitation of
idealists could he considered as a
factor in bringing about these reforms, they were in the last analysis in tho interests of tho ruling
class. Men of tho timo saw that if
something was not dono they would
bo killing the "goose thftt luid the
golden eggs" thc eggs (profits) being of primary importance.
The speakers went on to show
how the workers wero exploited by
the political hirelings of the landed aristocracy on the one huud, and
thu industrials on the other. The
aristocarcy leading in the furtherance of factory legislation supposedly in the interests of the workers,
and the industrialists using the
workers in tbeir fight against thc
landed aristocracy. How Cobden
and Bright, those "leading lights"
jn English history and the forerunners of the present Lloyd George,
opposed the factory acts. Howovor,
the issue is now becoming clear aud
Ike conflict now is between workers
and capitalists,
A description of housing conditions of the modern proletariat in
tho industrial centres of Britain was
given by the speaker and the audienco wero convulsed with laughter
on one or two occasions whon Comrade Connor depicted scones from
iiU own experience, and told of how
capitalist apologists and moralists
would spoak of tho "sacrcdnesB of
the home," The audieace manifested their interest in working class affnirs by the large number of questions that had to bo dealt with by
the speakers,
Tho Canadian nntional debt now
amounts to $1,800,000,000, aud lut.
jumped from $1(1 in 19.14, to $270
per capit.ii In 1019,
Women-
Hosiery
For Present
Wt
ear
Fine Mercerized Lisle
Hose, with reinforced
feet, neat fitting ankle, in
shades of pearl, smoke,
tan, champagne, brown
and white, 85^.
Fibre Silk Hose, double
toes and heels, in shades
of pearl, tan, battleship
grey, champagne, cordovan, black and white,
81.00.
Thread Silk Hose, reinforced at toes and heels;
colors include pearl,
smoke, beaver, Bussian
calf, myrtle, navy, black
and white, $1.65.
Fine Silk Hose, superior
grade, double toes and
heels; in oolors of sand,
dark grey, Palm Beach,
champagne, navy, pearl,
blaek and white, $2.00.
Fine Grade Silk Hose, reinforced at toes and heels,
in shades of sky, pink,
helio, canary, emerald and
tan; also with doz in
white with black, cordovan with white and navy
with white—$2.50.
Local 620 Engineers
A very busy meeting of the above
local waB held on the 5th inst. Five
new members were accepted.
BueinoBB Agent H. Huby from Victoria local waa present and took up
the matter of diatrict jurisdiction
for Victoria and Vancouver locals.
The following committee, W. A,
Aloxandor, J. R. Flynn, and W. L,
Vaughn were appointed by the chair
for the purpose of getting together
with a committoe from the Victoria
local to discuss the mattor of jurisdictional boundaries, also uniform
initiation foo and wage scales. It
is hoped by this action that more
concerted action may be taken to
enforco union conditions in various
plants.
The ballots on the 0. B. U. and
the six-hour day and proposed new
wage scalo for stationary engineers
will be counted next Saturday.
All members who can manage to
attond the noxt businoss meeting on
tho 12th inst. should do so, as possibly some very interesting matters
will come up for discussion.
Machinists Ladles Auxiliary.
The cushion donated by Mrs. J.
Drury for the sick fund was drawn
for on April 26, the winner being
Mr. G. McLean, machinist, 1619 1st
Ave. West, with ticket No. 318. |31
was realized for the fund. The
auxiliary is sorry to report that
Brother Campbell Held is still very
sick In St. Pauls Hospital and that
it has been found necessary to
amputate one of his legs. Lodge
110 has passed over Us anniversary
date of the signing ot its charter,
April 22, 1918 and Is pleased with
the work lt has been able to accomplish during its flrst year ot existence. The principle officers of the
lodge were reelected at the beginning ot the year and with the aid of
the members hope to accomplish
even more during the second year
and also aid other trades ln launching auxllaries. The lodge invites
machinist members relatives to join.
Meetings are held In the Labor
Temple 1st and 3rd Thursdays.
Vancouver Warehousemen'a Locul
votod with a big majority in favor
of tho 0. B. if.
Not a single member of six powerful French trade unions went to
work on Mav Day,.
T N keeping with the by-
* law, we will close our
store at 6 o'clock on Saturdays.
If Saturday is the most
convenient day for you to
purchase your new suit,
do so as early in the day
as possible, that is if you
want it for Sunday. If
you do not require it for
Sunday you mr-jr make
your purchase any time
up to 6 o'clock, but we
will close our store
promptly at that hour.
-SHOP OF—
Fashion Craft
Thos. Foster & Co.
Limited
514 Granville Street
EVERYBODY HELP
JEW
Early Closing of Stores
Should Be Endorsed
By Workers
Last Saturday was the -first Saturday on which the many retail stores
closed at 6 p. ni. That this will give
thc clerks and nierehants time to
enjoy tho week-end, without being
too tired to enjoy tho summer season, there ia no doubt. A little incident occurred last Saturday evening, in which a union man of this
city complained at the early closing.
This is not in the interests of the
retail clerks, and to say the least is
a petty action on tho part of an individual, who no doubt finishes work
at noon. The workers will do well
to aid all they can in shopping early
thus assisting tho clerks, and aiding
them to retain tho shorter work day,
and giving all workers a real weekend rest.
While the butcher stores are as
yet not closing on the aew closing
hour, it is expected that it will only
be a short time before these establishments fall into line. The New
Westminster clerks are also seeking
tho early closing for Saturdays, and
are being assisted in their efforts by
the G. W. V. A. Everybody get behind the clerks. Shop early, do not
be afraid to exert yourself and get
your shopping done, and assist your
fellow workors in. the stores. Shorter hours means more rest, recreation and time to live, and time to
learn, and to understand modern day
society.
Loggers Now Have
Over 5000 Membership
(Continued from page 1)
all employees of Camps 1, 2 and 3,
over SOO of them, who demand tho
reinstatement of a discharged dining room attendant, tho removal of
one who is alleged to bo responsible
for much dissatisfaction which exists in that department. The men
are furthor demanding that the damnable conditions which have existed in these camps be remedied. Thc
bosses say they can buy logs cheaper than they are getting them out,
and consequently are satisfied to
shut the camps down indefinitely.
Do you see the point? No suggestion here of mutual interest; no suggestion that the mon tfre entitled to
any say in thcir working and living
conditions, no suggestion that the
lives and woll boing of 300 men can
for one moment bo considered
against tbe fact that the natural resources and the machinery for turning this pro-duct of nature into an
article ready for the erection of
houses, etc., for other members of
society are in the hands of private
individuals, who aro perfectly willing to close down indefinitely because they can '' buy'' logs cheaper
than they can get them out. Cheaper, of course, meaning logs to which
some political financial graft has
been attached, or else which have
been cut by desirable citizens, who
are willing to bo reasonable in tho
standard of wages and working conditions which thoy aro willing to accept.
At Michol the men are trying to
prov-e their right to an eight-hour
day, even though the statesmen in
the Provincial Legislature forgot to
say they were whon tho Mines
.Regulations Act was enacted. This
act docs not specifically include
bushmen working in conjunction
with tho mines. At Princo Rupert
there is a splendid instance of now
capital employs labor. Tho men
who have been working at Kelley's
camps wore given cheques in payment for wagos which there are no
funds in the bank to moot. About
$30,000 is tho amount involved. In
somo cases men have dishonored
chequoB for soveral months' work.
Some men-.were sent up from Vancouver by Whalen's employment
office, and upon their arrival found
the camp shut down. The employers' capital, i. e., credit, had petered out. The men, who were broke,
took tho boat back to Prince Ruport, and were then arrested for
non-payment of fare. Will some political economist of the non-Marxian
school kindly -explain to these ignorant loggers how they wore employed by capital, just where tho
mutual interest of capitalist and
worker is evidenced, and what useful function the capitalist performed in this particular (or any other)
transaction.
The legal advisers aro handling
their ond of the case, which will bc
pushed to the limit. The foreman,
who recently booted Organizer Higgins, has realized he was up against
an organization which was prepared
to go the limit in backing its members. Ho coughed up $50 as damages and $10 towards the legal expense.   .
Certain camps report that parcels
of ballots and litoraturo sent out
two weeks aro are not yet to hand.
Members in camp must watch the
mail at their end, as that is the
point where the delay usually occurs.
Commencing next week the Fed.
will be sont to the campa in bundles
instead of to individual members.
The number sent will be proportionate to tho number of union men reported in that camp. Other literature from world-wide sources is on
order and will bo distributed as received.
Two weekly remittances hnve
been sent to Princeton to maintain
the strike, und numerous responses
to thc appeal for funds arc being
received at headquarters from camps
and individuals. Acknowledgments
will bc mado through thc Foil, and
in detail through the Camp-Worker.
Sunday the regular business meeting will be held at 2 p.m.
An appeal is being entered
against the conviction of Arthur
Courto, sontonced to one year for
desertion from the military forces.
The Hedloy Miners have donated
$74 to tho striko fund.
Telephone Operators Dance.
Local 779 Telephone Operators
will hold an informal dance ln the
Oddfellows Hall at the corner of 6th
Ave. and Main St. on Friday evening, May 9 from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m.
Tickets are, Gentlemen's 50 cents,
Ladles 25 cents. Refreshments will
be served. The local is making
splendid progress and its member
.hip Is not only holding together
jut it elowly but surely absorb*
:ug the members of the Independent
union.
B.C. Ex-Sofdlera and Sallon Labor
Council,, Vancouver Looal, No. 1
The weekly meeting of the above
local waa held in the large hall of
the Loggers' Union, on Monday
evening last.
The large number of applicants
for membership shows the desire
ot returned men to associate with
the only discharged soldiers organization, that has the real interest of
the workere in view.
ThiB council does not function as
an unemployment bureau, nor doeB
It make, a business of peddling
blocks of real estate to its members.
The concern of this councU primarily la to show the returned man
his position as a worker ln society
today. From the Detroit Free Press
we learn that "The returned soldier Isn't fully returned, until he la
returned to his job." Some of them
are returned, while others are In the.
way of returning and others hare
chosen extension of military service,
rather than a return to civil life, in
search of the elusive job. The business, therefore, Ib with the discharged man and thoae about to be
discharged. They refuse to revert
to conditions of civies on "dying
wages." Such aa obtained prior to
their enlistment for overseas. Tbey
assist other bodies of organized
labor to resist all attempts by the
masters, to bring about a reduction
in wagee, or an increase in working
hours. They refuse the masters
Invitation to act aa scabs, such an
was offered them by the Copper
Mountain Construction Company at
Princeton.
•In a wire to the Princeton Conv
pany this week, the aoldiers offered
to send from their council two delegates to enquire into the conditions
obtaining there at their expense and
the following is the reply.
"Army and Navy Veterans, and
Great War Veterans, already have
offered to send delegates at our expense to ascertain conditions.
Copper Mountain Rly. Con. Dept."
Which answer, gives us another
illustration of the masters insincerity In his dealing with the workers
and shows us also the kind of organizations he chooses to deal with.
At Monday's meeting the members resolved to aend two delegates
to Victoria, and other points on Vancouver Island to distribute leaflets
setting forth the councils' work In
hand with a view to the formation
of other branches on the Island.
In the course of a few days new
leaflets will be Issued by this council for distribution In this locality.
There has jusc reached us the
first number of the Forge, thla
paper being the official organ of the
Seattle workers, Soldiers and Sailors Council. After carefully persuing it we have come to the conclusion that it Is a paper well worth
the title it carries. When the finances warrant, lt is the intention to
publish a local organ. All returning
men are Invited to join this organization.
Action  Wanted  to
Reduce Cost of Living
(Continued from page 1)
and then have to work again like
blazes in order to buy stuff because
a gang of commission merchants,
cold storage plant owners and market gamblers have, or are trying to
find a market thousands of mljes
away from where the goods are
produced. During the war the
government begged us to avoid
waste, eat less, etc., in order to
provide food for the fighters. This
was done but a gang of profiteers
reaped a far richer harvest than
they should have done under the
circumstances. Now the soldiers
are back and many of them are tak-
THE CLOTHES O
QUESTION '
SOLVED •
THE task of trying to make both ends meet is becoming more dlffl
every day.  The high prices which' you are compelled to pay for fi
fuel and rent makes a big hole in the average person'! salary
often leaves very little to spend oa:4toss»
But you must have clothes in order to keep!'up appearances, so nt
writing this "ad." to inform you how to do it without inconvenient
Just step into our store and select any stylish apparel that auits
and pay for it the "New York'-- easy way, and the clothes are youi
that 'b all there's to it.   The problem is solved by our liberal credit p
Come to the Home of Cheerful Credit arid get the "better kind"—
only clothes, but treatment and. service too.
DBESS WELL OK EASY TEBMS A1. THE
New York Outfitting Co. Lt<
149 HABTDHM STREET WEBS
Opposite Province Offlce
fcy..
No Table
Can Look So Well Without Them
Headquarters
for
China
and ,m
Toys"
An Ideal Dinner Bet
This let consists of a rssUy good Hiortmsat to plsci
a well-set table.   The ware Is of szeellent quiiltf Ini
semi-por e-eltln, made by Brldgewo-od ft Son.   It Is di
ftted In a pretty design thtt consist* of iprayt of
flowers.   There ere 9T pieces to the set,     AQQ   _\
Another New Dinnerware Pattern
This Is • high-grade English semi-porcelstn, decor
irtth * blue-laid border design. It ts a very servic*
Dinner Set, and on* of which you will never tire. T
ere 87 pieces to th* set. dtQQ *_
Your Choice of Dinner Set* at $15.75
There ere three distinctive patterns to select Iron.
Is especially pretty with its sprays of pink roses c
green-sprig background, The other two designs are ei
ly pretty. The ware li high-grade English aeail-pore*
and the glat* is very smoot hand clear. Ther* art
pieces In each sot.
Take Your Ohoice at $15.75
Millar & Coe, Limite
419 HASTINGS STREET WEST
Ing a hand In piling up riches for
thla same gang by being forced to
pay about 35 per cent more for food
than they ahould.
Private ownership and an anarchistic ayBtem of production la the
cauae of this and muat be abolished,
but ln the meantime let ua get busy
and force by some meana or other,
these profiteers to loosen their hold
on the food, clothing and shelter
which the workera alone produce.
Patronize Fedorationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
Sond your old address wtth your
new ono when making a change.
Gall Stones
—Pains in right side, radiat
ing to back, shoulders, undo
shoulder bltido and acrosi
hips. Avoid those throngl
tho use of Hepatola (*5.5i
treatment). Information oi
request.
Sole Manufacturer
MRS. OEO. 8. ALMAS
524 4th Are. N., Baakatooi
Union Store
Union Olerki
Union Shod
Three dandy
Specials in Shoes
- <■*
—you'll get these at Dick's on Saturday—and you won't
get equal values anywhere else.
When Dick offers a special in Shoes it's worth going after—and
the lines offered for Saturday are sure worth the trip.
Call and look over these shoes—get their feel—see how they're
built—catch on to the style—try on a pair—get a taste of the
comfort they give.
Do this—we'll leave the rest to you.
$10 Boots for $7.50
A strictly high-grade Men's Boot—in Brown Willow Calf—White
or Red Neolin Sole—a strictly Union Made Boot. Regular value $10.00.
Same shoe as above in Black Gunmotal. d»*y CA
Saturday. Special «p / lUU
Special for Boys at $5.00
Just the Boy's Boot you've been looking for-
madc—in Brown—Acme Rubber Sole.
Saturday Special	
■fine quality—strongly
$5.00
The Boot for Young Men
The very latest style*—in Dark Brown Calf—with Tan Buckskin top-
very classy—one of the new styles that will be the "go" d_Q AA
this year.  Saturday Special Wt/aUU
Every Special carries our Guarantee—Your Money's Worth of
Your Money Back
10% OFF TO ALL SOLDIERS 10fo
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEast*;

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