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The British Columbia Federationist Aug 23, 1918

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Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
INDU8TBIAL UNITY: STBBNOTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 34
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPER: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
~"~    VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 23, 1918
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTOBT
(la Vuconvw\
Olty, 18.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
Contemptible Action on the
Part of B. C. Sugar
Refinery Co.
Employees Fired for Joining
Union and Threats
Are Use'd
For aome weeks the workers at the
B. C, Sugar Refineries have been organizing, and all went well until the
return of Mr. Rogera, and Wednesday
morning saw developments. A number of men were summarily fired on
turning up to work Wednesday morning, men that have been in the employ
of the company for a number of years
in moat cases; one mnn having worked
there 18 years, another 10, and another six. Now those men cannot have
been fired because thoy wore incompetent, or the company must take a
long timo to find out if its employees
are capable or not, and the only conclusion that can be arrived at is that
they wore fired because of their joining a union.
Mr. Crothers. Minister of Labor, in
laying down a policy for tho -prevention of strikes, has takon the attitude
that employers must grant the right of
collective bargaining. This cannot be
achieved without un organization, and
that organization a union. But it is
necessary to prove thut discrimination
has taken place beforo th« chargo thut
men havo beon fired for joining an
organization can bc made to stick;
not that it would take much to convince anyone that the B. C. Sugar Refinery people would do such a thing, as
their attitude in the past would almoBt
convinco any sane person that this is
the courso this company would adopt
if its employees oven dared to think
of organizing; but proof is there, as
tho following would show.
Ou Wedneaday morning men were
approached by the superintendent and
asked if they had poined the union.
They replied "yeB.1' He thon informed them that if they went on strike
that ho would get the returned soldiors down to beat them up, and this
after mon had been fired for joining
the organization. Surely the superintendent wanted to. force a strike right
there, but the workers did not do as
wus evidently wished. They communicated with the Trad6a and Labor
Couneil instead, wilh the result that
the following wire was sent to the
Ministor of Labor at Ottawa:
"Auguat 21, 11)18.
"To Hon. T. W. Crothers,
"Minister of Labor, Ottawa.
"B. C. Sugar   Refinery   discharging
men for joining union, contrary to Section   2,   P.   C.   seventy   forty-throe.
Evident desire to precipitate a striko.
Superintendent   threatening   to   incite
returned, soldiers to assault    men    if
Btrike occurs.   Immediate investigation
needed if trouble is to be averted.
"HELENA GUTTERIDGE,
"Acting Secretary,
"Vancouver Trndes and
"Labor Council."
In the first placo the auperintendent
is guilty of trying to cause a strike;
in the second he custs a alur ut the returned soldiors, for we have sufficient
reason to know that the returned men
cannot be used bb strikebreakers, and
if we know them, they would be the
first to resent their being used as a
threat, especially in a case where the
workors would be justified in taking
any action to prevent the right of collective bargaining being denied them,
and which hns already been the cause
of more strikes than enough. If the
company insists on following out the
course adopted on Wodnesduy morning,
any further action by its employees
will bo their fault, and it is to be
hoped that the Minister of Labor will
show the B. C. Sugar Refinery Company that it must toe the line like uny
other company or employer of labor.
The situation now rests with tho minister.
INI MORE PAY
Civic Employees Ask Council for $4—City Fathers
Plead Poverty
A minimum wage of (4 a day for
laborers and corresponding advances
for other classes of labor were recently
demanded of the city council of New
Westminster, by the Civic Employees
Association. Afterwards the council
went into committee of the whole on
tbis question and decided that, although
it is absolutely necessary to increase
wages, the estimated revenue on which
present wages were computed will not
be fully realized; consequently the only
way to meet the demand is to reduce
the number of employees, and let the
work go if it can't be done.
The council was not inclined to assent to a $4 wage, but was inclined to
offer tho $3.75 awarded by the Victoria
Conciliation Board. The details of the
men's demands, included a wage of
$100 a month for teamsters, or in tho
alternative an eight hour day plus
overtime; atreet foremen, $4.60; sub-
foremen, $4.35; engineers nnd bridge
tender in charge, $126.50 por month,
und practically ull othor employees, $4
per duy.
Aid. F. J. Lynch suid it would cost
the board of works $780 to pay the
$3.50 men $3.75, and the $3.80 tnen $4
for thc rest of the year, und as this
could be done without exceeding tho estimated expenditure, he recommended
that it be done so far us his department was concerned. However, other
committee chairmen were not prepared
to act immediately, and the matter
went over for n week.
IO FIELD DAT TO BE
HELD IN NANAIMO
-.Vueoa-railtM Will Be on Hand
Sw.lt Uu Crowd—Pine
Boat Jonme-r
The "(gLaimo branch of the Federated LaMJartT will celebrate Labor
Day in N^ ilmo on a large ecale. There
will be all kinds of (ports and several
speakers, among whom will be B. P.
Pettipiece and Dave Bees. The Vancouver branch of the party had intended to go to Nanaimo in full force, but
on account of not being able to get a
boat servico that would enable a big
crowd to go, the thing has been abandoned. Many Vancouverites, however,
will make the trip on the 10 o'clock
boat and will return on the 3 o'clock
boat from Nanaimo. This will give
them a nice boat journey and a chance
to look around the town and mingle
for a short time with the merrymakers.
The return fare from Vancouver is
(1.85.
Another Electrician
Dan McDougal, president of the
Electrical Workers Union, is wearing a
broad smilo these days on account of
the arrival in his house of a welcome
guest. The guest is a nine and a half-
pound bouncing boy, and both tho boy
and the mother are doing line.' Dan
has an idea that the boy will become
an electrician because ho haH already
proved to be a "live wire."
Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
Business of special importance to the
members of the Teamsters and Chau-
fours Union will be brought to tho attention of the membership at next
Wednesday's meeting. All members
aro urgently requested to attend.
JUMPER YEAR
E NEED OF
U. S. National War Labor
Board Inquires Into Needs
of Working Family
Very Few Workers Receive
the Amount—Holds Good
on Canadian Side
When tho United States National
War Labor Bonrd voted recently
ngninst fixing n nation-wide minimum
wage for common labor, it had been se-
curing the testimony of all the bost authorities in the L'nited States dpon the
subject of the cost of living. The average amount which those authorities—
federal, stute, municipal nnd individual
-decided wus necessary to maintain an
Americnn working clusa family in decent health and comfort, with prices at
their present level, was $1760,50 a year.
Thnt figure should be kept in raind,
overy time that a wage scale is proposed nnywherc. It represents uu average cost of food, clothing, rent, insurance, etc., for an average American
wngo worker, his wife and two or three
growing children. One of the bost reasons stated by the Wur Lubor Board
for not adopting the minimum wage
rule at once was the fnct that the board
did not want to hamper any war industry just now. That is, the board did
not want to force half of the ernploycrs
in the country, all at once, to add 50
to 75 per cent, to the wage they are
paying common labor. It might stop a
lot of plants.
But the figure stands—a guide to
wage negotiations. Toward that
$1700.50 evory awnrd of the board
henceforth will lead, slowly and in degree according to the cost of rent and
food in the locality. But the average
of the awards will rise steadily toward
this murk.
Tho coBt of living is ns high, if not
higher, in Canada, and yet lesB thnn 40
per cent, of the workers in the cities
get a yearly wage nmonnting to thnt
nmount. Organization will help get that
amount, and is the only method open to
thoso not receiving it. Every man and
woman who is not orgnnized, acts as a
drag on thoBe who are. The Labor
movement is open to nil nnd you have
but yourself to blame for your miserable wages if you are not in it.
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
Hotel und Bestaurant Employees had
well attended meeting Wednesday
night. Sixteen new members were
initiated and ten applications received.
The local is making efforts to organize all help working in hotels and restaurants, and advises those who have
not yet become members to make application. The union iB not confined
to cooks, waiters and waitresses, but
embraces all workers in and around
hotels, restaurants and boarding houses.
There are a number of waitresses in
unfair houses in thc city receiving the
benefit of the union, and yet thty fail
to realize that in staying eut of the
organization they are giving the boss
the chance he is always looking for,
that is to lower the standard of living
as soon as there is sufficient help
thrown on the lnbor mnrket. The
local asks the morn] support of other
unions to patronize only restaurants
employing union help, as there are still
a few who will not even hire members of tho locnl—Pioneer Cafe, McLeod's Cafe, Mclntyre's Cafe nnd
Leonard's Cafe. Union men tnke notice.
Woman's Industrial Union
A good meeting of the Woman'b Industrinl Union was held in the Labor
Temple last Friduy. Mnny womon of
vnrious unorganized brnnches of industry wore initiated. The union takes
in nil women working in places in
which no union oxiBts for the organizing of the employees. Thc local meets
on the first and third Fridays in the
month, Tho dues are 25 cents per
month.
RESIGNATION OF MASTERS AND MATES
»»»»»*       ******       ****** '       *******       ******       ****** •
AFTER MANY MONTHS OF NEGOTIATING
Are the Steamship Companies to Be Allowed to Tie Up the Steamboats
of Province Because They Will Not Allow Their Employees the Right
to Organize and Bargain Collectively? Government Asked to Take Over
Coastwise Shipping in the Interests of Nation.
AFTER months of negotiation the masters and mates, members of the Canadian Merchant Ser*
vice Guild, have arrived at the conclusion that the steamship companies will not concede
recognition of their organization, and have decided to hand in their resignations, and by noon
today all the resignations will be in, and the four hundred masters and mates will have protested
against any restriction of their right to collective bargaining, and the whole of the B. G. coast and lake
passenger and freight steamers and tugboats will be idle as a consequence, unless at the last minute the
government or some other power steps in and brings about a settlement.
and officers of the Canadian Merchant' 'ed to express the thanks of the guild
Besume of Case
To give a resume of the negotiations
at this time will be well in order to
show how the situation has arisen. Negotiations have been carried on since
April 19. From that date to June 12
the negotiations were carried on by
letter. No satisfaction being obtained,
an application for a bonrd of conciliation was asked for on June 14. This
was refused by the Minister of Labor,
and it was only after the threat of
tho men to strike unless some steps
toward a settlement were taken, that a
Boyal Commission, consisting of Mr.
W. £, Burns, chairman; Mr. £. A.
James, and Mr. J. M. MeVety, was appointed on July 10.
The commission after the commencement of the investigations decided to'
henr the ovidence on the question of
the recognition of the guild, the last
hearing on thiB point being on August 1, and after three weeks' delay
in trying to obtain the acceptance of
the tentative findings of the commission in favor of the recognition of tho
guild by the companies, the members
of tho guild became dissatisfied at the
refusal of the commission to make
findings on the point of recognition
public, and at the policy of procrastination and long delays, and feeling
that if the award of the commission
wore in their fnvor, thnt the compnnies did not intend to accept the
decision, that it was useless to proceed
any furthor with the proceedings,
they decided to tender their resignations as stated above.
Send Wire to Ottawa
Tho guild has sent   tho • following
telegram  to Hon. C. J. Doherty  nnd
Senator Gideon Robertson:
"Members of tho Canadian Merchant Service Guild, comprising
over 400 maBters nnd officers in
British Columbin hnve determined
to resign nftor forty-eight hours'
notice to the owners. Boyal Commission, after four weeks, has
found it impossible to make adjustment with owners. Resignations w.ill completely tie up coast
pnsscnger, freight stoumers und
tugboats. Guild suggests government take over bouts uud operate
them as public utilities for duration of war and one year after."
-   Tbe Eesolution
The resolution enrried unanimously
at Tuesdny'a meeting of thc guild was
as follows:
"Whereas, we, thc members of the
Canadian Merchant Service Guild,
have, from April 19, 1918, been making representations and attempting to
negotiate with shipowners and managers operating vessels in British Columbia waters to effect an adjustment
of wages and working conditions, and
that after ull attempts to negotiate
had failed, we appealed to the government for a conciliaion board, which
was refused, but, instead, a royal com-
mission was appointed to bring about
nn ndjustment; and whereas, up to the
present, the royal commission hns failed to give any decision and bring about
settlement, although it hus been
Bitting for four weeks, I move that all
hiembers of the Canadian Morchant
Service Guild affected resign their positions forty-eight hours after due notice
has been given to their respective employers and, failing a settlement and
recognition of the guild, we appeal to
tho government to take over the control and operate all vessels affected as
public utilities until the end of the war
and one yenr nfter. Wc believe that
the increasod rates and charges being
mnde on .the coaat nre unjustifiable nnd
are being made under misrepresentation.   We also believe that we masters
Service Guild will obtain from the government the necessary increase in remuneration for our services that will
meet the ever-increasing cost of living,
knowing that vessels operating under
the United States flag in the same
waters can well afford to remunerate
their masters and officers to the extent of from 50 to 100 per cent, better than those under the Canadian flag,
although living conditions are practically the same."
Commission Meets
When the commission met at 11 a.m.
Wednesday it was'expected that thc
finding on recognition would be disclosed. Chairman Burns said, however,
that the session was called because the
views of the commissioners were not
such as would form a basis on which
the parties concerned could arrange a
setlement. It was, therefore, the purpose of tho commission to go on with
tho question of wages and working
conditions and the commission wo aid
then draw itB conclusions.
Mr, McTaggart asked if the commission proposed to give its finding on
recognition and tbe chairman replied
that no finding would be given on this
point at that stage. ,
"It is common knowledge that a
mapority of the me ubers of the board
have arrived at a decision ou that
point," said Mr. McTaggart, "and it
is common knowledge that the owners
have absolutely declined to abide by
it."
Mr. Douglas Armour, counsel for the
Union Steamship Company, strongly
objected   to   Mr,   McTaggart'b   state-
to
ment.
Chairman Burns then stated that
as n matter of fact the commission
haB not made a decision. We certainly have tried to get tho parties together. If that had becu possible a great
deul of our labor would have been eliminated. We find that it can't be done
along these lines. It is unfortunate,
but it is not *f#v•■ /'-is commission to
make uny comment. Having proved
unsuccessful in getting an agreement
on recognition wc are now going on
with the rest of the enquiry.
"Hopeless to Go On"
"The position taken by my clients
is thnt it is absolutely hopeless to go
on," said Mr, McTaggart. "One of
the turgest compunies concerned has a
high official here nnd wc feel there is
no use in going ahead as tho finding
wo did not be accepted."
Mr. Armour declared Mr. McTaggart
had no business to make such a statement and should have better taste.
Mr, McTaggart repeated that the
Canadian Marchant Service Guild did
not feel it would do any good to go
on as it would simply be a waste of
time.
"Some of the men who gavo evidence here have beon punished or
threatened with punishment,'' he
charged.
Mr. Armour objected to such a
statement.
"We can prove it," replied Mr. McTaggart.
Mr, Burns said the commission's idea
wns thut thc guild had made eortain
claims as to wuges nnd working conditions. The commission purposed asking the owners for n statement setting
how far they were prepnred to go
towurds meeting tbo wago and working condition demands.   If this could
to the chairman for trying to bring
about an adjustment. A meeting of
the guild was held last night and it
was unanimously decided that blasters
and mates should, in respect of owners
who have refused to recognize the
guild, take steps to put in their resignations as they are legally entitled to
do. They also asked the government
to interfere and take over the boats
on this coast. They feel that everything possible has been done and being up against a stone wall they do
not propose to go on,"
Would Not Accept as Final
Chairman Burns said he was not going to accept that as a final statement.
The commission had been appointed
to inquire into tbe cause of the unrest.
What we have done is to try and
arrange matters in a short way. That
has failed and now we propose to go
on with the rest of the inquiry," he
said. He intimated that if the masters
and mates adopted the attitude outlined they would not get the support
of the publie or the government.
Mr. Armour declared that the statement of Mr. McTaggart showed just
what he had contended right along,
that the guild intended to hold a gun
to tho owner's heads.
As regardB our company, two of
our officers have already put in their
resignations," he said. "We are prepared to go on."
"And abide by the decision?" asked
Mr. McTaggart.
"We are not called upon to Buy so
now," replied Mr. Armour.  ■
"Wo know that you won't," added
Mr. McTaggart.
Mr. Burns asked Mr. McTaggart to
drnw his clients' attention to tho feeling of the commission, but counsel replied that in view of what took place
last night it was only a matter of
hours beforo aU tho resignations wero
in.
No Desire fer Government Operation
Mr. J. E. McMullen, for the C. P. B.,
nnd Mr. F. W. Tiffin for tho G. T. P.,
snid they were prepared to go with
the  inquiry,
Mr. Armour anid that tho guild hnd
showed its hund. It wanted recognition ns a trades union and nothing else.
At Ihis point Mr. McTaggart and
Mr. Andrew Goodlad, secretary of tho
guild, left tho court.
ASIATIC BARBERS ARE
FINED IN VICTORIA:
Oriental Barbers Break the Early Closing Law—White Man Should
Oaase His Patronage
"Jimmie Bass," one time Victoria
barber, and one of the beat trades
unionists in that city, now overseas
with an hospital unit, would have had
an enjoyable day in court when eight
Oriental barbers made their appearance
before Magistrate Jay in Victoria Monday morning owing to failure on their
part to observe the law and close Wednesday afternoons. Ignorance of the
law was pleaded in most cases, but
Chief Langley asserted that they had
all been notified. Magistrate Jay imposed a $10 fine on each, while the one
who had to employ an interpreter had
$2.50 extra to pay. There were a couple
of barbers who could not speak English, but who did not want the expense
of an interpreter, so they came up with
the money ready and laid it down. The
magistrate's efforts to have a regular
case were unavailing. All the accused
would do in answer to questions or
statements was to nod their heads,
smile and wave the cash. The easiest
way was found to be that of taking
the cash and letting the tonsorial artists go their way.
Jimmie had a deal to do with the
securing of the legislation whieh made
it possible for tho court to deal with
these Asiatics for their violation of the
law, and many timeB did he have
breaches of the closing ordinance dealt
with by the authorities. But as these
places are mostly patronised by white
mon, it is time they took a tumble and
ceased to patronize the Asiatics while
white barbers who are union men, are
employed.
IN
SIX-HOUR DAY
Also Nationaliaztion of Coal
Mines and Joint
Control
Power Given to Executive
to Call Strike Without   I
Use of Ballot
The annual convention of the Miners'
Federation of Great Britain, during
July, was nttended by 179 delegntcs.
This is an organizntion with 600,000
members. Tt is affiliated both with the
annual Trudes Union Congress nnd with
the Lnbor Pnrty conference in London.
It paid $12,000 in affiliation fees and
sent nbout 170 delegates. The Federation has increased by n bout 40,000
membors since its Inat convention at
Glasgow twelve months ago and Bobt.
Smillie, the president of the federation
und  of thia  annual convention,  fully:
I BODY AT
CAPITAL CITY
INSESSION
Sivertz  Elected  as   Delegates  to Congress
Convention
President Tipping of Winnipeg Council Addressed
Meeting
The Capital City Trades and Labor
Council held their regular meeting on
Wednesday evening, when much business was transacted. President Tipping, of the Winnipeg Trades CouncU,
addressed the meeting.
The Brewery Workers reported that
the jurisdictional dispute between their
organization and the Hteam Engineers
was settled, the matter having been adjusted by the International officers.
The call for the Trades and Labor
Congreaa of Canada convention was
read, and Secretary Sivertz was elected
as the council's representative.
The executive committee recommended that the salary of the caretaker
be raised, and that in view of the increased coat of commodities, aad the
consequent increase in the cost of running tho hall, that the rents be raised
25 per cent. This was adopted, after
President Tipping had addressed the
meeting, the council adjourned,
Old Timers Back on the Job
Sergt. C. M. Butler, of Camp Lewis,
is a visitor to town. Being a brother-
in-law of A. A. Brookhouse, of Cowan
& Brookhouse, printers of the Fed., he
waB in thc print shop for a short time
Thursday, and, an old linotype operator, his fingers itched when he saw
the machine. To satisfy his longing,
ho set about a half column of type for
this issue. Needless to say, he is a
member of tho Typographical Union.
He served his apprenticeship in the
offico of Cowan & Brookhouse.
H. A. Finger, foreman of the composing department, is baok on the makeup of the Fed. again after a brief ill-
nesB nnd vacation.
Remaining counsel'told tho commis-!?xPec(s \° ad*' """other 100,000 mem
■ ■ D     . . *. . . . *.      li*.i*_.    11,    t li..    i'.itl ,irt, t,, ti.    t-trtfnrs.    t I, ■ *□    i-...* I
sion thnt on the next dny they would
present their statement as to now fur
their clients would go towards meeting tho wuge demands.
Mr. McMullen asked the commission
to draw tho attention of the governmont to the attitude of the guild in
asking the government to take over
the shipping on thc coast and by so
doing going ovor the head of the commission. Mr.. McVety asked if they
did not think it would be bettor for thc
government to take ovor and operute
the boats rather than have them stopped. Mr. Beasley roplicd in the negative. Mr. McVety then asked Mr. McMullen 's position. He replied that he
did not think that it was a position
that they were called upon to discuss.
Discrimination
It has been charged that ut lenst
one captain has been discharged because ho appeared beforo the commission nnd gave evidence. This was
brought out at the hearing of the
be obtained n good deal of time could I mission held on Wednesday afternoon,
be saved. Thursday's session   proved* about   the
"The matter has been givon a good* same as the others held thia week, and
deal of consideration by the guild,"! wus not productive of nny sottlomont,
snid Mr. McTaggart, "and my instruc-1 The mariners were not represented. Tho
tions are to nsk leave to withdrnw from whole situation now reats with
further attendance hero and I nm nsk-  Ottawa.
Big Social Function for Machinists Arranged for
September 3
The Machinists Ladies Auxiliary held
a very bjBy meeting on Tuesday, the
20th. The ladies desire to express their
thankB to Lodge No. 20 for the donation of $75 for the benefit of a member
of the auxiliary who is very sick in
hospital.
The next regular meoting will be held
on Tuesday, September 3. All members are requested to bc on hand at
7.30 p.m. prompt, ns thc regular business of the lodge will be dealt with
at that hour, after which a big social
gathering of the machinists and their
families will be held. An exceptionally good programme is being arranged,
and everything will he free. Further
announcements as to the social gathering will be made in the next issue
of the Federationist. That tho ladies
are taking care of the social side of
the organization is acknowledged by |
all members of the machinists locals in
the city, and it is expected thnt n large
turnout of the machinists and their
friends will be on hand on the Srd.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
Turn in your old address whon notifying ub of your change of address. I
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Aug. 25—Typographical Union, Soft Drink DiBpcn-
MONDAY, Aug. 20—Boilormnk-
ers, Steam Engineers, Electrical Workers, Bakery Salesmen,
Amalgamated Engineers, Patternmakers, UpholBterers, Iron
Workers, Street Railway Men's
Executive.
TUESDAY, Aug. 27— IJ. B. Carpenters No. 617, Barbers,
Amalgamated CarpcnterH, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 28—Gaa
WorkerH, Laundry Workers,
Motal Trades Council, Boiler-
mnkers' Examining Board.
Street Railway Men, Jewelry
Wnrkers, 'IVnmsters und Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY,   Aug.
and Labor Council,
20—Trados
FRIDAY, Aug. .10—Telephone
Operators, Pile Drivers unil
Wooden Bridgemen, Ware*
housemen, Boilermakers' Executive.
I NAYLOR AND
D.
Charge of Assisting Draft
Evaders Laid—Declare
They Are Innocent
Joe Naylor and D. Aitken, who were
arrested last week on a charge of assisting draft evaders, wero brought to
Okalla prison on Saturday last, to
await trial at the fall assizes in Nanaimo, but were released on ball on
Tuesday afternoon, bail being arranged
for by Mr. J. E. Bird and P. P. Harri-
Hon, who havo been retained for the defence.   Bail was fixed at (5000 each.
Both Naylor and Aitken claim that
they have novor taken any action
which could be construed as aiding
draft evadors, and aro confident of the
result of tho trial. It is rather significant that Naylor is arrestod just at the
lime the miners at Cumberland aro reorganizing, us he has nlwnys taken an
tiotlvo intereBt in tho Miners Union,
and was an active member of the organization nt the time of tho Islnnd
I strike, but hns never been allowed to
work in the mines sinco thnt dato, nl
I though he hns repeatedly endeavored
! to obtain work in them. It is very evi-
: dont that tho blacklist is still in voguo
, on tho Island, and as a result hu has,
: ns stated, novor boen able to secure
| employment. Organized labor will await
I with interest the result of tho trial.
bers to the federation beforo this year
is finished.
Miners Want Control
Over a hundred resolutions were
down for discussion during the convention's week, Thc first one considered
demanded the nationalization of tho
coal mines, with joint control and administration by tho workmen and the
state. The resolution further instructed
the executive committee immediately
to draft a parliamentary bill as a bnsis
for tho necessary legislation. The discussion upon this resolution wns very
good. It wns pointed out thut thc trend
of Stnte control during thc wnr had
been towards purely bureaucratic administration. Producers must insist
upon having aome directive power
within the limits of their own industry.
In the coul industry the Miners Federation should represent the producers'
interests in the authority, both central
nnd de-centralized, right down to each
separate colliery. This would involve
responsibility for management in overy
department o'f the industry, including
even the work of exportation, blinking
ami other departments of finance. Tho
question was asked whether the miners
were ready for 111 is, lt would be a big
test of their educational attainments,
and they would have to face even the
possibility of the industry not thriving
under their control. The great thing to
be avoided was u nationalization or socialization which did not enrry out prominent working class control at the
same time.
Six-hour Day
One of the most important resolutions
at tbis convention was one for a (
hour working day. Separate resolutions
hud been sent UP on this topic from
hnlf u dozen different important districts. Tho resolution which was considered to embody the aims of moat of
the members, waB onc Instructing the
executive committeo to take steps to
immediately summon a special eonvention of the Miners' Federation on the
six-hour working day question, to be
followed by n special convention of the
triple alliance of labor—the said triple
alliance being, as my readers may remembers, the miners, the transport workers and the railway workers. The definite object aimed at is that within
four weeks after the declaration of
ponce, tho hours of all the workers concerned shall bo not more thnn six per
day,
A further resolution whicli did not
Obtain qjitO such unanimous support,
but still was carried, wus in fnvor of n
five-duy working week without any reduction of present weekly wuges.
SI.50 for Soldiers
A later resolution wus one of a more
genernl character und demanded that
British soldiers und sailors should be
puid $1.60 a day and that $3 a week
should be tho minimum amount'pnid to
dependents for one soldier or sailor.
Many olher resolutions of an important
character were curried, but one of special Importance remained till near the
finish. It was decided that on any
question of urgent nntional importance,
or on any question already ngrcod to by
P, a E. Workers
The inside staff on the P. G. E., are
wondering if they aro to receive the
increase in wagos that has been awarded to those working in similar occupations on other railroads, by the McAdoo award, as thoy have not yet received any intimation to tbat effect.
Offlce Employees Organise
Organization of office employees -is
now going merrily on. A splendid
meeting wns held in the Labor Temple last Tuesday and it was a scight
for the gods to see office boys and
head accountants signing up applications to join the union. Any person
! doing office work is eligible for mem-
1 bership nnd it is hbped that organized
labor will draw tho attention to this
new union of all office employees whom
they chance to meet. Tho union will
meet every Tuesday in the Labor
Temple until further notice. A charter from the A. F| of L. hns been applied for.
Moving Picture Operators.
Moving Picture Operutors Union has
presented a now wnge scule to the employers. Thc new scale is bused on the
universal standard scale adopted at the
convention of District No. 1 held in
Seattle Inst May. Tho loeal docs not
expect nny trouble in securing the
scale.
Laundry Workers Union
Applications for membership are still
coming in fust Trom laundry workers
of thc city. Tho local has about 85
per cent, of the laundry employees organized and is now drawing op a wage
schedule for presentation to thc employers. The local meets every Wednesday evening in the Lnbor Temple.
PTE.T.A.BARNARD
New Westminster War Veteran Will Be Heard at
Rex Theatre
On his last appearance at the Lnbor
Pnrty meeting, Pte. Barnard demonstrated his ability to hold the fort for
party principles. Having just returned from tho Oreat Wnr Veterans' convention at Toronto, he will have benefited from that experience in dealing
with thc question of reconstruction
aftor tho war. The New Westminster
branch of tho Federated Labor Party
hus no stronger member than "T. A."
and his forcefulness un lnbor topics hns
certninly lost nothing fr6m his experiences on Mcssincs Ridge and "elsewhere in Flanders."
Musicians Union
Musicians Union, Local No. 145, has
presented a new wage scale to employers. Thc scale has been presented in
conjunction with tho Stnge Employees
Union, Locnl 118, and the Moving Picture Machine Operators Union, Local
No. .148, and applies to all theatres in
tho jurisdiction of the affiliated theatrical trades.
u national conference of the miners,
the executive committee or a special
convention of the Miners' Federation
might call tlie members of the Federation out on strike without a ballot voto
if it were thought advisable. Hitherto
no national strike of coal miners has
been entered into officially without a
ballot of all the members being tnken
flrst. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
..August 23, 1918
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Clark's   Tomato   Soup,   threo
for 36c
White Spring Salmon  16c
Eod Spring Salmon  20c
Worcestershire    Sauce,   throe
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B. C. Catsup, por bottle.... 26c
B. C. Chow Chow, bottle.. 30c
\   Fancy   Waffle   Tablo   Syrup,
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Vancouver
The CONDITIONS of
■Mr**** ****** ****** ******
A LASTINC PEACE
the' 'of
Mr. Thorstein Veblen is ono of
most distinguished of living American
economists aud students; ho iB a Norwegian by birth but has long been settled in the United States where he was
professor of political economy in Chicago, and now occupies a similar position in Columbia University, Missouri.
Ho is tho author of many well-known
books, such aa "Tho Theory of the
Leisured Class," and "Imperial Gormany and the Industrial Revolution."
Mnny poople, including Mr. Graham
Wallas, perhaps tho foremost of British sociologists, rank Veblen as a genius-.. His Norwegian birth has perhaps
loft him with a somewhat awkward
style but uny book which bears his
mime is always worth reading His
latest volume which ho published was
entitled "Tho Nature of Peace and
the Means of Perpetuation." This is
in no sense a pacifist book, though eortain foolish pooplo have attempted to
decry it as sueh. It is a careful and
exhaustive study of tho conditions
which must be achieved in order to securo a reasonable chanco of lasting
peace. Tliero aro closo on 400 pages
of most enlightening and well-reasoned
argument wliich form a perfect mino
of intelligent thought and speculation.
Mr, Veblen has no illusions about
tho criminal guilt of tho Junker class
of the Central Empires, but he holds
the viow that this war was mainly the
direct product of commercial greed and
the capitalist system. Ho is quite willing to seo established the League of
Nations which Prosident Wilson and
others havo so ably advocated but he
is also lirmly of the opinion that his
offorts will bo comparatively fruitless
to avert war unless accompanied by
far-reaching economic and social
changes in evory community. In hiB
belief tho existing social and industrial
order is utterly hopeless, radically unjust and rotten to tho coro. SolfiBh
competition and unrestricted rights of
privato ownership have brought about
a state of affairs whoreby tho mass of
mankind in all civilized countries are
faced all their livos by daily fear of
want and hardship. In fact the existing economic system has for some time
ceased to be tolerable to the averago
man. In many European countries, by
1014, conditions had reached a breaking point and there was industrial unrest and fierce democratic ferment visible on every side. All that delayed a
bitter social revolution was a sense of
danger from external enemies and a resulting desire to maintain national solidarity. It was in a large degree an
apprehension of the results of this ferment that made tho prospects of war
attractive, if not imperative, to the
ruling classes of Germany, Austria and
Russia. Large numbers of thom believed that they could avert social
revolution by foreign wars, a tinie-
honored device among selfish oligarchic
cliques.
The war has como with all its horrors and miseries and has brought
crashing to the ground tho wholo fabric
of tho civilization that 1914 know. As
long aB the military struggle is in progress tho domocracy is completely at
the mercy of the exploiting and governing classes, though it is only fair
to acknowledge that the socialization
of industry has made gigantic strides
in all warring countries. But the question of the faulty distribution of
wealth has been accentuated hy the
processes of war and Mr. Veblen's conclusion at tho end of his book is that
tbe ono thing required to precipitate
the long delayed struggle between the
"haves" and the "have nots" is a
secure political peace such aa the
Leaguo of Nations may promise. He
forseos that the end of the war will
bring political and social revolution in
every country which haB participated
in it and sarcastically warns the ruling classes not to make too secure a
peace but to leavo alive enough scope
for animosities to distract the workers from tho economic problem. Certainly there is visible in every laud a
rising tide of discontent whieh grows
more acute as the strain of war increases and Canada is no exception to
the rule. Yet the majority of our politicians and financial magnates in Canada, who are at the bost of times very
slothful students of the affairs of thc
world outside their own narrow business confines, seem totally blind to the
change which is looming up. The civilized world has made up its mind to be
done forever with the outworn military
autocracy which has survived in Central Europe and another kind of autocracy Bhould watch the proceedings
with intorest. This continont and Canada more so than thc Unitod States
since Prosidont Wilson took in hand
tho democratization of control at
Washington, is the home of a new uuto-
cracy of organizod monopoly-, of Bpec-
ial privilege and national exploitation
which is supported and exaltod by a
servile pross dependent on plutocratic
monoy bags. Tlio Allies have just been
celebrating tho great French anniversary of'the Fall of tho Bastillo. Do
tho mon whoso specialty is robbory of
the peoplo know what France, today
the admiration of the world and the
bravest pioneer that domocracy ovor
know, did on July 14, 1780. Do they
understand the moaning of the programme of tho British Labor Party
which tins been published in millions of
copies and freely circulated on this
continent and which is the most progressive politicul platform ever compiled! Do they realize that a financial
oligarchy of arrogant law-defying
wealth will in the days to come bo just
as odious to a free people us the privileged classes in France wero in tho
days of Louis the XVI nnd the Prussian junkers aro today? Havo they
not a notion that all our soldiora who
have been told daily since the war be
gan that thoir lives do not belong to
them but to the community, may return to ask with stern indignation
what about tho millions of the financial
mandarins and millionaire exploiters—
are their hoards theirs forever by un*
alicnablo right?
The fact is, that the achievement of
politicnl democracy hy itself is insufficient to remedy the ills of humanity-
economic democrncy, of which tho ex
isting system is tlio complete negation,
must be achieved as well. Ah long ns
wo tolerate competitive capitalism and
unrestricted rights of private ownership, economic democracy is nn idle
dream. Now the wprkors nnd producers
of the world realize today tlmt thoy
nre paying in blood nnd sorrow nnd
treasure for u conflict of whoso shaping they were Innocent snve in so fnr
ns they placidly tolerated the upgrowth
TAG DAY HIS
BY"
a system which was bound, aa wise
men like Edward Carpenter, the Socialist sage, foresaw, to end in the
present decade. Tho majority of intelligent workers are today intent on
ending tho old system of plunder and
profit seeking and aro groping blindly
about for a means to accomplish its destruction. Some of them favor peaceful industrial reorganization on the
nos of the Engliah Whitley report,
others extension of the co-operative
idea, some like the I.W.W. inclino to
industrial sabotage, others liko the
Australian Labor Purty bolieve in direct political action nnd a strong and
growing body favor the Bolsheviki
methods of forcible revolution. On the
other hand the owners of vested interests, whom the circumstances of the
war hnvo nllowed to amass even greater wealth than before, are planning
and scheming to strengthen the bat-
tresses of the existing order, Mr. Veblen holds thnt each party in tho economic conflict now looming up is so
firmly convinced of tho justice of its
causo and so unresponsive to tho claims
of tho opposing side that compromise
is well nigh inadmissiible. In such a
contingency ho snys the ovidenco of
history shows that resort to force is
always inevitable and it*should never
be forgotten that, with large masses of
the workors now trained to arms, industrial and political revolutions will
be infinitely more difficult to handle.
Tho result of a bitter social conflict
in the docade to follow tho war would
not be for a momont doubtful but it
might bo disastrous for society at large.
He thereforo warns the possessory
classes of tho realities of their position
and advises them to mako a speedy readjustment of their viow point and
tactics. Half measures on the part of
politicians and directing financiers
will not suffice. In his view immensely
radical changes are imperative and he
says "when a radical chango of policy
has become imperative, as in the prosent juncture, over-ripe statesmen will
always endeavor to remedy things
without altering them. That is the earmark of over-ripe statecraft but it is
not the way that is taken by the
courso of events."
In the United States some capitalist
leaders like Mr. Schwab, who has declared that in the futuro tto working
classes will undoubtedly rule, are awake
to the full reality of the situation, but
here iu Canada our capitalist Caesars,
like the Bourbons, lenrn nothing und
forget nothing and tho manifesto of
that procious body, the Canadian Industrial Reconstruction Association, is
almost medieval iu its outlook. Its
members have evidently but a very
dim realization that the world haB undergone any change sinco the happy
days of 1914. They are blissfully unconscious of what iB agitating most intelligent citizens and students of politics, namely, whether there Bhall bo a
bloody revolution after tho war in
other belligerent countries or a peace
ful revolution producing radical
changes. Bloody revolutions are always dangerous games and are liable to
bring misery and hardship, even upon
the victors, but some sort of revolution
in Canada there must be and the hope
of peaceful accomplishment lies in the
efficient combination of the. elements
who desire it. Tho vast mass of the
Canadian people who are the farmers,
the artisans and brain workers of the
professional classes who are radically
dissatisfied with the existing social and
economic order which leaves tho control of their destinies in the hands of
a limited clique of financiers, speculators and manipulators whose whole
horizon is bounded by their bank accounts and atrong boxoB. The numbers
of this latter class aro limited and they
have only boon able to acquire and perpetuate their control of our national
life from a servile willingness of both
the old political factions to compete
for the honor of serving aa their
lackeys and minions. In the end the
people themselves are responsible for
failure to elect men of character and
mental calibre sufficiently good to ro-
fuse to be the servile tools of a Bourgeois plutocracy. What is wanted in
Canada iB the immediate development
and organization of a people's party,
its actual name is immaterial, in which
the organized farmers, labor and Great
War Voterans and such brain workers
as possess real ideals to wrest political
power from the effete political cliques
now in tho saddlo and the greedy plutocracy that they serve. Theae separate groupB may have differences of
opinion on certain points of policy and
methods of action but all have a common intereat in ending the existing
system of plunder and proflt. It would
not bo difficult to organize concerted
action for political parties and allocate
Boats to each group where their candidates would socure the united support
of all the democratic and progreaaive
allies. In rural conatituoncios, for instance, the farmers could undortake to
choose returned soldiers for a certain
proportion of their candidates and in
the citios Labor aud the Veterans could
divide the seats by agreement. What
the Liberal and Conservative elements
of the Unionist party managed to do,
can be done by other poople. If energy and sanity were exercised, thc combination would be irresiBtible. Divided,
each of those groups would bo helpless;
united, they could transform Canada
into a real democrncy whore thore was
neither sad poverty nor wanton riches;
whero there was good government, an
equal law of justice and freedom;
whoro each individual had ample opportunity for self expression and where
tho avorage of human happiness exceeded that of any other country beneath thc sun.—Weitern Labor News.
Fighting Men's Organ Offers
Some Suggestions to
City Council
The following culled from No. 2 of
The Campaigner, ia worthy of reproduction, inasmuch as Vancouver citizens aro pestered every Saturday with
women asking alms in return for
"tags" for all manner of "causes."
The Campaigner is the official organ of
the "Campaigners of the Great World
War," an association composed only of
non-commissioned officers and privatos
who have been on tho firing lino. It
has a "kick" to it that aets tho blood
tingling, and is well worthy tho support of every returned man.
Tag Day Suggestions in Order of Merit
and Urgent Necessity
For the Guidance of the Mayor and
Oity Oouncll
Most Urgent—Tag day for the impoverished shareholders of the C. P. R.
in ordor to provide shoe laces for their
children.
Next—Tug duy for destitute directors of thc B. C. Electric Bailway, in
order to provido tin tacks for puncturing offensive jitney tires.
Noxt—Tag day for the executors of
thc estates of tho late Sugar King, in
order w provide corkserows.
Next—Tag dny for Pat Burns, in order to enable him to establish branches
in the sky, whieh is apparently the
natural pasture ground for hia cuttle.
Next—Tug day for Joo Flavollo in
order to inculcato a proper MethodlBt
ideal in his hogs, and to buy patont inflating feed for them.
Next—Tag day for tho Civilian Re
turned Soldiers Club in order to provido
the directors and the munager with au*
tomobilcB and a few diamonds.
Next—Tag day for alien plain
clothes policemen in order to enable
thom to keep up the necessary number
of marked bills for the uso of their
"stool pigeons."
Noxt—Tag day for Chinatown, in
order to purchaso and keep on hand a
sufficiency of cocaine, opium, snuff and
sam-suey, for the uso of habitual beer
drinkers.
Noxt—Tag day for those military authorities who are responsible for tho
expenditure of public funds on passages
for soldiers between Vancouver and
Victoria, in ordor to help our frienda,
tho poor of tho C. P. R.
Noxt—Tag day for Mrs Gordon
Wright, of tho Ontario W. C. T. U., in
ordor that sho may come out hero and
help tho Methodist bunch to stop our
soldiers from smoking .and also help
further in making drug lionds of beer
drinkers.
Next (but not very important, and
can be miBBel)—Tag day for tho holp*
ing of widows, wives and mothers of
soldiors who have been killed whilst
serving the Empire; for destitute dependents of soldiors serving; for maimed and wounded soldiers; for comforts
for prisoners of war, and soldiers at
present in France and elsewhere! for
rei-fttriating returned men and for securing adequate pensiona.
Laatly—Tag day for all returned men
iu ordor to provide them with funds
sufficient to euablo thom to boat it to
California, where tho grapes aro sweet
and tho drinks nro long, and nobody
knows a damn thing ubout Mrs. Gordon
Wright or Methodists or Jamaica Ginger or stool pigeons or near beer or any
of the devil's future fuel, and where
the sky is blue, and the birds sing and
everybody is happy and mind their own
businoss, look after their own souls,
aud eat and drink whatever they damn
well please.
ers that the now U. S. draft bill calls
for men between tho ages of 18 and
45, it seems to us that there is a splendid opportunity for business men to
avoid being called up by getting a job
in tho shipyards. Most business men
are patriotic ao long as they can remain safe at home and put a flag in
their atore windows, hence when we
road of hundreds of them rallying to
the shipyards, it seems to us that they
are taking a safe chance of remaining
on American soil.
Some timo ago when "Billy" Sunday expressed a desire to go to France,
tho authorities ruled that his presence
at thc front was not essential to the
successful conduct of military operations. Now the War Industries Board
at Washington hns rulod that "Billy"
is not an essential war industry, and
hns refused to grant priority to tho
lumber necessary for building a contemplated Sunday tabernacle at Providence.
An old man wns seen to get off a
cnr at Hastings Townsite last night,
mid turn down one of the streets. He
Btlddenly stopped, turned pule ns death,
und gazed with fascinated gaze at nn
object looking down at him from tho
top of a stump. In a trembling voice
ho »'ns heard to remark, "Its the flrst
lime I've hnd om sinco she went dry."
The goat hnd got his goat.
Mayor and Business Men of
Seattle Work at Shipbuilding
Seattlo'a mayor, Olo HnnBon, has answered the Unitod Statea government's
call for shipbuilders.
Mayor Ole Hanson's number in the
Erickson shipyard iB 5507; he ia a boi-
ter-up; his side kick is Bill Stone, a
Montana man. Stone is a homesteader
and, according to Ole Hanson, Stone is
some man. The mayor has applied for
membership in the Shipyard Laborers,
Riggera and Fasteners Union. No. 38-
A2.
Foreman Hurlow of the ErickBon
plant, reports Ole to be a "hustler."
"Works at bolting up juat like he
works at politics. Takes ordors like a
regular. Worth hiB wageB, too. We
think ho has ulready proved up; all he
has to do now is to aee to it ho does
not grow cureless and lose interest.
Yea, we havo othors who camo with
him; they are doing their bit cheerfully and we are glad to get them. Send
along more; we can use them."
More Than 300 Respond
Over 300 men from tho ranks of all
professions and business ranks havo
registered and gone to work in responso
to tho cull of Diroctor Wood of the
federal employment buroau for volunteers from the reserve Hst.
Another interesting story takon from
the Dnily Union Record is as follows:
Ho was neatly garbed, but that waa
nothing unusual, for many shipyard laborers dross that way. Businoss Agont
Gustavo Loken filled out his application
for membership in tho un'.on and the
applicant signed it.
"Two dollars, plousc," said Gub.
Tho applicant roached curelessly into an
inside coat pocket and drew out a roll
of $20 bills as largo as a man's wrist
and passed one ovor to Gus to change.
"What do you do ordinarily?" Gust
usked.
"Woll, I suppose you'll have to put
mo down as Innd owner, or capitalist,
or something of that sort. I just sold
a business block for $103,000, but that
don't mnko uny difference, I guess, uk
long us a man wants to do the right
thing." , The upplicnut was Georgo A,
Smith, nnd ho wns on his way to work
ns u Inborer nt Monchum & Babcock 'a.
In shirting the bull rolling in thia direction the Senttle mayor no doubt hud
good   intentions, but   when one coiisid*
Evory blamed red is juBt as much
trouble dead as alive. Look at'' Ginger''
and all tho reds that are dead and you
flnd them just as much alive as ever.
Even the ghost of Dan do Leon still
appeara at every meeting of the S. L. P.
By tho time they have killed off tho
Red Guard in Russia, there will be so
many spooks doing propaganda work
that the Red Army will increase faster
than it can be destroyed. Poor old
capitalism.   Her case is hopeless.
—THE—
TROGADERO
- CAFE --
under new management
156 Hastings Street WeBt
Phone Sey. 036
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Don *t Overlook the Possibilities of
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Did you ever notice how some peoplo
shout into the tolephono 1 Tbey think
because the party they oro talking to is
some distance away that the tone of
voice must bo loud. Thoy forget that a
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It Is tho same with the long distance
telephono. Some poople havo tho idea
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tho voico cannot carry tbat far. The
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EYE DELAYS
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-tJ Nothing Bhould stand in tho
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eye to the structure of the
nervous systom ... or
when a weakened norvous
systom may foil to supply
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upon it by defective eyes.
. That is the dangerous moment.
_ Thore can be no reasonable
excuse to offer oncaelf after
this irreparable damage haB
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properly. Only unpardonable
neglect can explain the danger having beon unavoided.
The proper glasses, ground
and fitted after a thorough
optometrical examination by
an expert, will supply the deficiency of the malformed
eyes.
_ Avail yourself of tho eyeBight
servico which I offer It is
unsurpassed in America, It
is yours at any time. Tou
should know the state of your
eyes. It will bo my pleasure
to tell you their precise condition.
Stymour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
OranviUe Optical Oo.
649 OBANVILLE STBEET
Below Drysdale's
; Canada Food Board:
;   Licence 8—1856   :
SET THE MABKETABIA HABIT—
It's a good one. It helps you to save
money. Test it yourself. Bring your
market basket and shop at
S. T. Wallace's Marketaria
118 Halting. 8t.W.    %%*___
EXHIBITION VISITORS
are cordially invited to inspect
my big stock of quality Groceries, Provisions, Meats, etc., all
priced to save you money. I
specialize in Mail Orders and
ship promptly.
...10c
Seeded Baisins—Pkg.	
SultanaB—Nico and fresh, lb ~..,lBc
Nabob Cleaned Currents, large pkg. 20c
Golden  Crust Baking Powder—12*
oz. tin  Ue
Apricots—For prosorving, basket ....40c
New Apples—fl lbs. for 26c
Finest  Creamery Butter—Lb 49c
Cucumbers—Special, 0 for  10c
Swift's Premium Margarine—Lb SBC
Vcgetublo  Soup—Per  tin   ,10c
Mason's Fruit Jars—Quarts, dot...II*)
"If you can't can things, dry
them. Most fruits and vegetables keep well this way."—
Canada Pood Board.
New Silk
Shirtings at
Saba Bros.
Since the men have gone
in so strongly for Silk Shirts
we had to find some new materials. They also make
pretty blouses.
We believe you will like
these. They are new, very
durable and good design.
The habutai silks are extra heavy. The crepe de
chine silks are heavy, too,
for that matter.
Choice of many natural
shaded stripes or coin spots.
34, 36 and 40 inches wide.
Per yard $2.00 and $2.25
Saba Bros.
Limited
"CAe Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STREET
Serviceable
Clothing
FOB LIFE IN THE
OPEN
"DUXBAK"
"ICAMP—IT"
Invaluable for mon or
women for hunting and
fishing outings, etc.
Also for general use among
all men engaged in outdoor
or underground occupations
whero strong, hard-wearing outer clothing is demanded.
OOATS,        TBODSERS,
SKIRTS, HATS, OAFS,
ETO.
Come    in    and   see    the
stock.
J. A. Flett Ltd.
SPORTING OOODS
339 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furniture Co.lid
41 Haitian WnM Wait
COWAN   &   BROOKHOUSE
PB1KTEBS AHD PDBIISHBBS
Printers to The IMeisUoalat
TIM  Federatlonist  is  prodneed from
•af   astern   newspaper   printing  plant.
SOU-VAN
MILK
Should be in the home of
every iwimi
IS IT IN TOUBS7
—Phone Falrmoat new—
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
-TW1LT1 BEW IA1LBB—
(Bnuwlek-Balke Oellender Oa.)
—■ledaautKi (ar Valen Men—
Onlei-made   Xoteeeos,   OUan   ut
OliarattM
Onlj White Help Employed
42 Hastings St. East
aooo.
SEY. 1266
' "* TOiXhV>
1HF LONDON GRILL
V.?   ROBSON SI 0ITMU1   FAME   TAIOODVBB
IBADBI  AID  LABOB   OOOTOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OITIOIAL  PAPEB   BRITISH  OOIr
DMBIA  FBDBBAIKW OF   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 34
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 23, 1918
Dentistry is a luxury which
the working man may enjoy.
Dentistry (as you will see by following my
historical articles on the back page of the Province every day) was known to the anoients,
Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and Etruscians wore
gold bridgework in their mouths. But this was
only in the oase of the very wealthy. The toilers' condition generally, was poor, and he could
enjoy none of the luxuries of the times. Today,
thanks to increasing education and intelligence,
and a widening democratic spirit, tho workman
gets a share of what he earns and is able to
enjoy the greatest luxury of all—the good
health that comes with good teeth.
The price of dentistry today
places good1 teeth within the
reach of all. Only defective
intelligence or a proper appreciation of life can keep
the roan with had teeth away
from the dontist. I shall bo
glad to advise you.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINGS AND ABBOTT
The Best Drugs
On the market are to be obtained at our stores. We
stand behind the quality. With our own wholesale
we can save you money on your everyday purchases.
Visit our stores, inspect our goods, compare our
prices.
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
MAIN STOBB:
405 Hastings Street Weat   Phones Sey. 1965 asd 1866
BBANOH  BTOBEB:
7 Hastings Street Weat
782 Oranvllle Street
2714 Oranvllle Street
112 Main Street
1700 Commercial Drive
Seymour 3532
Seymour 7013
Bay. 2314 and 1744-0
Seymour 2032
High. 235 and 1733-0
OUR NEW FALL SHOES
aro linod up nil ready for your choosing.
Every man who buys his Shoes here speaks
well of our Shoe styles and values.
We have an Expert Fitting Service, and the
man who buys his Shoos at this store is a stranger to all foot troubles.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 OBANVILLE STBBBT
UNION STOBE
A Stimulant
Without A Regret
POOd UCUIM
no. e-ist
Nabob Coffee is far more stimulating
than ordinary coffee because all its
qualities are retained intact in the
vacuum can. It is richer in flavor-
more appetizing—more fragrant for
the same reason.
Air is coffee's enemy—it rohs it of
its quality. All air is pumped out
of the Nabob can the moment tho
coffee goes in.
A product of
Kelly, Douglas & Co., Ltd.
Boys!
T. B. HILL is starting, on Saturday, a sweeping sale of BOYS'
SUITS. Tou will require a new suit to begin school in, and
this will be your opportunity to get a good one for very little
money*,
Our Boys' Suits for this fall are now here, and are the very
latest styles shown, with slash and slant pockets, belts and
pleats. The materials are strong and good to wear. Taken
together, they comprise all that can be desired, including, at
the prices we are offering them, very cheap. Following are a
few prices, whieh indicate the close prices of all:
Boys' Suits—AU sizes to 36; value to $10.00, for $6.85
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; values to $12.50, for $8.85
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; values to $15.50, for $10.25
Boys' Suits—All sizes to 36; values to $17.50, for $14.50
Sale begins Saturday morning.
T. B. HILL'S
The Store for the Workman's Apparel
117 Hastings Street East
AS
Build Up Paying Enterprise
in Small Nova Scotia
Mining: Town
The half-yearly balance sheet of the
British-Canadian Co-operative Society,
at Sydney Minos, N. S., shows that, in
this mining town of less than ten thousand people, workingmen co-oporators
did a trade turnover in six months of
$303,481.34. That represents a remarkable expansion of business over the corresponding period of tho previous yeur,
the increase being $116,036.50.
The collective purchase and distribution by the workingmen of Sydney
MiueB and district through thoir cooperative Bociety of the .merchandise
they had occasion to buy has, during
the six months, saved them the magnificent sum of $41,693.14. They paid,
on a reasonable basis, for every service
needed in distribution, and that amount
was consequently a net advantage to
them. Virtually it increased the purchasing power of their wages twelve
per cent, to the extent tho samo could
be spent in their own stores. If that
twelve per cent, were systematically
put on one side each threo months, and
invested and compounded at current
rates of intorest, the participants would
be protected from the financial discomforts of unemployment and sickneBs,
and would eventually be in a position
of economic independence. Were a
twelve per cent. Baving in the expenditure of wages usual in every town of
ten thousand poople and upwards in
Canada, a retired workingman in his
old age would bo as cotamon as a retired farmer.
Tho payment of a twelve per cent,
purchase-dividend does not, however,
represent the full measure of advantage to the participating co-operator.
As the society is organized and conducted for the service of the consuming
public, instead of for the profit of individuals, there is no incentive to take
advantage of scarcity conditions to increase prices. If a successful co-operative society were not in existence, combinations and "gentlemen's agreements" to increase the cost of living
would be possible, and prices would be
considerably higher than they are today. Had we many societies such as
Sydney Mines the savings effected to
the individual consumer would be further increased, and to a considerable
extent, by federated action in the organization of wholesale societies, factories and mills.
The wonderful capacity for business
and industrial organization shown by
British workingmen co-operators is regarded as an economic phenomenon. It
is urged by the profit interests opposed
to co-operative development that similar results aro impossible in Canada.
Tho achievement of the co-operative society at Sydney Mines in developing a
distributive business with n turnover of
$000,000 por annum in a town of ten
thousand people showB, however,' that
British workers are not the only people
who can build up a big business for
their own needs.
OPPIOBES 07 THE FEDERATED
LABOB FABTT
Preildent—Gordon J. Kelly,
Vancouver.
Seoretary—W. R. Trotter, labor
Temple, Vancouver.
Treasurer—Ml« Helena Got-
teridge, Labor Temple, Vancouver.
Vioe-preiidenti — Vietoria, J.
Dakers; Vancouver Island, T.
Westwell, South Wellington; Vancouver, E. T. Kingsley, B. H. Neelands; New Westminster, W.
Tates; Prince Rnpert, Geo. B.
Casey; West Kootenay (north),
H. Kempster, Revelstoke; West
Kootenay (south), F. PeierlU, Nelson; Grows Nest Pus, H. Beard,
Michel; Boundary, Jas. Boberts,
Ooltern; Slmllkameen, W, Smith,
Hedley.
THE FEDERATED LABOB
PARTT is organised for the pur-
Jiose of securing Industrial legis-
ation, and for the collective ownership and democratic operation of
the means of wealth production..
Tbe membership fee Is fixed at
$1 per year, 50 oents of whieh
goes to the central committee for
the purpose of defraying expenses
of general organisation work.
The membership roll is open In
each electoral district and all persons are invited to sign who aro
willing to and endorse the objects
of the organisation.
Apply to the vicm-president of
yonr district for further information.
BIG SEAM
Boilermakers 18,000 Strong
Help to Establish Working Class Enterprises
MILITARY PARTY
Japan Has Practically Free
Hand in Directing Chinese Affairs
Americnn thinking has left the Chinese situation, during the past two
years, in a misty obscurity. "We know
vaguely that Japan is manipulating
that situation to serve her own interests. It is valuable, therefore, to find a
summary Buch as that in an editorial
of the Manchester Guardian of June 19
"The MyBtery of China." We are
told that the present premier, Tuan-
Chi-Jui, head of the military clique,
has resumed the policy of crushing the
south by force of arras, tl ii his determination to stamp out democratic
parliamentary institutions, and concentrate in his own hands all authority
nnd opportunities of public plunder.
The Guardian says that, "during the
many months he has dominated Chinese
politics the honor and resources of the
country has been pledged to obtain
money for the upkeep of military operations and of corrupt military chiefs
nnd politicians. The telegraphs hove
been pledged to a Japanese syndicate;
the opium traffic has been revived; a
secret treaty has given Japan a large
measure of control over China's military forces; a Japanese has been nominated financial adviser; Japanese have
been given control of the state banks,
of the currency, and of innumerable national resources. Meanwhile, vast areas
of the country have been handed over
to plunder by* professional brigands,
and a licentious soldiery not distinguishable in ruthlessness from brigands.
The accounts of anarchy and lawlessness in China are desolating. The only
parties to benefit are the corrupt gang
in Peking and Japan, who is steadily
fixing her hold upon tho country. The
Peking correspondent of thc Times
urges the Allies to save China from the
military party, which ia making ducks
and drakes of the revenues and resources of the country to no profitable end
whntever. It is melancholy to recall,
however, that it waa precisely with the
blessing of the Allied governments that
the military party came into office.—
The Public.
Au Irishman bought a female bowwow. It produced a family. The pupB
were born blind. Pat didn't know that
all puppies aro blind for nine dnys.
One of them, crept to tho head of the
stairs and foil down. When Put picked
it up it was dead, but its eyes were
open, He looked at it and sorrowfully
Bhook his hend; "What an awful calamity," ho said. "Sure I shall have to
knock their brains out to get them to
open their eyes." This is juBt what
capitalism had to do with the workors.
Proud of Its Record—Encouragement to All Organized Labor
Seattle'a "big union," Boilermakers
and Helpers Union, Local 194, has
prided itself on not letting the left
hand know what the right hand is doing, while accomplishing a wonderful
amount of good, both locally and nationally, individually and collectively.
The Seattle shipbuilders take pride
in being the largest local in the world,
with over 18,000 members, the next
largest, as far as is known, being a
local of garment workers in New York,
Helped Establish Paper
Not the least of the "Big TJnion V
accomplishment waa that of playing
true to form when the Daily Union
Kccord was in thc balance, depending
on thc vote of Local 104 to decide the
question whother or not the paper
should be started.
The $13,000 voted last February settled that, and the $17,000 advanced
since then for equipment clinched the
deal.
Helped Co-opeiativeB
The real value of the various undertakings cannot be estimated in dollars,
but since that is the only standard that
some people recognize we will briefly
touch a few of the remaining high
spots, such as $3000 for the Mutual
Laundry at a critical time for that institution, whieh did so much to establish living conditions for the helpless
girls being exploited in the laundries
of that city. Next, the Mooney case,
first $800 and later $1,000 more, at
critical times, besides numerous smaller
amounts.
The Co-operative Pood Products Association was electrified and given life
when the "Big Union" voted and paid
$12,000 to that institution, backed by
the numbers and purchasing power of
the organization, and the knowledge
that there is more where the firat came
from. When Local 104 did that they
builded better than the majority of its
members knew, as is proven by the
facts to date and the bright prospects
for the future of that auxiliary of
Organized Labor.
$26,000 in Liberty Bonds
Noxt, $25,000 in Liberty bonds,
which they don't say much about because they don't have to advertise
their patriotism. They live the part
every day.
. They say they are not broke yet,
nor likely to be for some time to come,
The left hand does not know what
tho right hand has done, in the way of
protective, charitable and benevolent
work, at least it is not exposed for
public view, but confidence is deserved
by accounting for every penny and
every act to the organization through
the trustees, the regular audits by a
public accountant and the lawyer under contract to protect its members.
After Bent Hogs
The latest important undertaking,
and one of far-reaching importance,
carired on by the "Big Union" on
the quiet is that of gathering the evidence on which to base action to protect all the workers of Seattle against
those leeches who fatten themselves
by profiteering in rents at the expense
of thc poor, who are helpless because
thoy must have shelter for their families or themselves when they come here
to help build thc ships which the nation must hnve to win tho war.
The full fruits of this effort is not
yet reaped, but much good is already
accomplished and the final settlement
is pretty sure to come.
Proud of Becord
Taken all together, it is some record,
one to be proud of and one that should
encourage all members of organized
labor to realize the advantages of
sticking together in loyalty to our common cause, without division of our
strength.
Lenine and Trotsky are the most
wonderful acrobats the world ever produced. How they manage to bo in so
many different places at the same time
puzzles us. If thoy only got engaged
on the PantagOS circuit wo'll give our
last two bits to lenrn the secret.
(Ia Vanconm\
Otty. |2.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
REAL DEMOCRAT
Wants Fair Trial of LW.W's
Being Tried in Chicago
for Sedition
A citizen of the United States, by
the name of Mr. William Kent, who has
on more than one occasion demonstrated
hiB love of fair play, now comes to the
rescue of those members of the I. W.
W. who are on trial in Chicago charged
with sedition. Many big sums have
been contributed to the defence of the
110 prisoners, but Mr. Kent, in making
a contribution of $500, makes the largest individual contribution. With his
cheque he Bends the following letter:
"I enclose herewith cheque for $500
toward the I, W. W. defense. It may
not seem much, but is the best I can do
with the many calls that are coming to
me. The contribution iB made to the
end of aiding in procuring a fair trial
to the defendants by means of seuring
the attendance of essential witnesses.
'I know of no democratic cause
more vital or more essential than the
procuring of full hearing before the
courts of those accused of sedition.
'' There may be among the defendants
those whose hostility to our existing
government and to the vigorous prosecution of tho war makes them public
enemies at this juncture, however honest they may be in their motives.
"With two boya in uniform, I feel
a natural impatience toward thoae who
disagree as to the need and righteousness of our prosecution of the war, and
have a belief that in the public interest they should be forced by whatever
penalties are necessary to refrain from
act or word that would hamper the
main national object, that of beating
Germany, and that further all should
bo forced to do their share in the task.
But that men should be punished on
suspicion or on account of dislike of
their economic views would be an intolerable invasion of the democracy for
which our boys are fighting. There is
in this country too much of the "denouncing" that figured in the French
Bovolution. It is a vile procedure from
either side of the controversy. It is
destructive and infinitely dangerous. I
know nothing of the merits or demerits
of the cases, but I do know of State
action that will breed revolution unless
stopped. I want to help these defendants to a full and fair hearing. I accept your judgment at to the need of
defense funds, and wish I could1 do
more."
Say! whatever you
do this
FAIR WEEK
don't forget to oome and aee na. We're
atill here; bigger, brighter and better
than ever. We ean show yon a lot of
new patterns and tell you all the latest
ideas, both in men's and women 'a wear.
It's just as well to have you eome in
year after year. Tour figure alters,
your waistline expands, your chest
slips down a little. We like to note
these things so as to fix you up juat aa
you are. It's you who have to wear the
clothes, and U they're not "just so,"
they're not as they should be and so
long as you give us the ohanee they'll
be "just so." You'll be pleased—well
be pleased. Personal service is our
great feature.
KEN'S BOITS
93SUP
___^_____________^___E_
BA TAILORING
■III COMPANY
128 Hastings Street East
Kear Thaatie Boyal (Old Pantagaa)
PATRONIZE B. G. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
When the maBter claas take advantage of the overcrowded state of the
Labor market, its good business. When
the workers take advantage of the fact'
that Labor power is in demand, there
is (German money) behind it. We
have it on record that thc kaiser has
financed every strike since 1914 in
Franco, Britain, Italy, United States,
Canada, the Argentine, Japan, China,
Russin, Timbuctoo and many other
places. See the capitalist press to confirm this.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nat
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal for yonr underfeed furnace)
JMh Ik I! _
MACDONALD-flARPOLE CO.
o_t^_mmFw^m\-
1001 MAIN STREET
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Dreaming of bj^oneclays k§§^
T"\AYS when she used to bake bread. Mixing floui*;
**** setting thc dough; kneading and watching over a
hot range. Days when it required 15 solid hours'
work to turn a 50-lb. sack of flour into bread—4 loaves
at a time. Now these are " by-gone days' '—she saves
that precious, nervous energy by using Shelly's 4-X
Bread.
SHE  effected   a  rail domestic economy, picking on SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD bocnuso  of its "tnko you buck homo"
whoaty flavor.    Every loaf equal to her highest ideal—
the winning one of her very bost bake.   Take her word for it
—just try a loaf.
Sold Around the Corner—Or Phone
SHELLY BROS. Limited
FAIRMONT 44
asms
y
£*ea9
rood Lisceose
"0..5-IO6I PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...
..August 23, 1918
IK
Published overy Friday morning by the B. 0.
FederationiBt, Limited
A. S. Wells Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
Alter 6 p.m.:  Sey   7-197K
Subscription*. 91.60 per year;    In Vancouver
Oity,  $2.00;   to  unions  ituliscribing
in * body, 91.00
"Unity of L»bor:   Uu Hope of the World'
PBIDAY August 23, 1918
ONCE again the question   of   the
employment of Asiatics   in   the
mining industry of tho province
crops up.    On this occasion the question is raisod by Mr. F. Carvell, who
has stated "that
ASIATICS AND Asiatic tabor
MINING—A .nust be   import-
TIMELY WARNING ed for Canadian
coal mines, if
the fuel required for the absolute necessities of Canada can not otherwise
be produced. " Organize J labor has
already expressed its opinion us to the
desirability of tho importation of coolie
labor, and thut it will have something
to say about any attempt to introduce
more Asiatics into this country goes
without question.
* * *
To really understand the situation as
to mining in the proviucc, especially as
to mining ou Vancouver Island, it is
necessary to go back a little into history. Vancouver Island in tho years
prior to 1913 had the best typo of coal
miners that the world ever produced.
They were composed mostly of British
miners, men from the coal regions of
Derbyshire, Cumberland, Yorkshire and
Wales, and a sprinkling of men from
tho coal iiclds of the United States,
and a better typo of miners was nover
gathered1 together iu any coal region
in the universe. The operators, however, were not exactly nativos of the
country, but wero composed of American and other country capitalists, and
wero not at all favorable to organized
workers, with the result, that as the
miners on thc Island became organized
they Bhowed their hand. Eventually
they found an opportunity to make an
effort to break up the organization, thc
opportunity being provided when the
operators at Cumberland fired two men
that had been active in the formation
of the United Mine Workers, and the
men at Cumberland as a protest took
a day's holiday, the company rotalli-
ating by declaring a lockout, whieh
eventually brought about a general
strike of tho miners on Vancouver Island iu defence of the right to organize. Let it be understood that the
main reason for tho men in the first
place attempting to organize was because tho conditions in the mining
camps, and the mines, were so bad that
it was necessary, for the safety of the
lives of thc miners, that somo steps
should be taken to see that the laws
of the province, for the protection of
miners, would be enforced, not that it
ia necessary to offer any excuse or
apology for thc minors organizing, but
the suggestion to    introduce
labor ia carried out.
A number of aoldiers returning from
France were gathered at the rail, getting a lirst glimpse of the Cupital City.
Onc uf them noticed a number of Chinese working at u coat wharf, and he
said to his chums, "Is this what we
havo been fighting for? Wait till the
boys get back, they will settle that
question for all timo." This will be
the attitude of the returned men, and
thoy will act, and not talk, if they
lind that after they have done their bit
they are ousted from the industries of
this province by Asiatic labor. And
what about the present! Will the organized miners of the province be content to see tho introduction of the
Asiatics? We think not. And now is
the time for these questions to be considered, and not in the futuro when
trouble of such magnitude, that it may
not stop at race riots, etc., may be the
result of any policy which will have
the tendency of lowering the standard
of living of the workers of this country, and particularly of this provinco.
We suggest that everyone who has the
welfare of tho common pooplo of this
country at heart should at least give
these aspects of the situation serious
consideration, lost the lust position be
worst than the first, which is bad
enough in all conscience.
Asiatic j The following paragraph is from tho
i Daily Province:
-! • "In the personal column of a
Now York paper appcurs the name
of a Seattle riveter and family who
have taken a suite at the Waldorf-
Astoria.
UNION MEN NOTE AND
USE UNION-MADE OOODS
TWO glaring instances of attempts
to deny the right of the workors
to collective bargaining have been
made this week. The B. C. Sugnr Refinery and the steamship companies by
their actions have
RECOGNITION taken tho stand
OF THE RIGHT that they will not
TO ORGANIZE     concede   this   right,
which is a right
that the workers will never submit to
have taken from them. Iu the ense
of tho sugar refinery, the firing of employeos, beeause of their joining an
organization, is onc of flagrant intimidation. Tho second case, that of the
steamship companies, who will not deal
with the Canadian Merchant Seamen's
Guild, which is the organization of the
mastors and mates, and which is
proven, to be similar to the Imperial
Merchant Service Guild, und similar
guilds which are in existence in all
parts of the world, und which are
recognized by tho steamship companies
in the countries in which they are in
operation, seems ono of obstinancy,
* * , *
The Minister of Labor has given out
certain definite lines of action for employers and employoes to take in order
to prevent strikes, and has also stated
that thoso who do not comply with
the law will be proceeded against for
any infractions thereof. Ho also stated
that employers must concede the right
of workers to * organize. This carries
with it the recognition of the organization, and we take it that it should be
strictly enforced by tho government.
The Trades and Labor Council has appealed to the government in the case
of tho sugary refinery workors. The
Merchant Sorvico Guild has also appealed to the government in the case
of the masters and mates, and it would
apepar to the Federationist that the
whole thing now rests with the government. From evidence that is very ap-
purent to the observant, there is nn ele-
nt amongst the employing class on
to show that thore was absolute need tho coast that would liko to precipitate
for such an organization as thc miners a striko in order that thoy can create
had formed. [ dissension between the orgunized work-
had formed.
Tho story of that striko is now well
known to all who havo any knowledge
of this provinco—how tho late Attorney-General, Mr. Bowsor, used all the
latest and 'jp-to-date methods of labor
union crushing, how miners that were
innocent of any wrongdoing were, thrust
iu goal, and given long sentences, for
crimes which there was practically no
evidence, real or faked, to convict
them of, and of which they were innocent, while the roal trouble makers, the
scabs aud the hired thugs in the shape
of special pOlicc, etc., wore never
brought to book for the crimes that
they committed is common knowledge.
Eventually the miners lost out, and as
a result the Island lost the best miners
it ever had. Men that had made their
homes there had to get out, the coal
operators blacklisting any und alt that
had been at all active in the formation
of the organization.
* * *
As a result the mine fields of the
United States have been recruited
from the men that at one time worked
in the mines on the Island, and Asiatics have boon largely employed in
their stead. In Cumberland at this
time it is estimated that closo to a
thousand Asiatics are employed in and
around the mines. These are some of
the reasons that are responsible for
Canada boing in the position that it is
at the present moment as regards tho
feared shortage of fuel for the coming wintor, which is one that may woll
givo concern to tho residents of the
prairie provinces, as thoso that have
lived in them will know. And whii
not exactly the same, a somewhat similar story could bo told of the rest of
the coal field? of thc province.
! «        id        id
Any attempt to introduco more
Asiatics into the coul mining industry
•of the province will not mako tho sit-
■nation any better, but will only aggru-
vato it. It is a well known fact that,
the Asiatic haB a lower standard of living than most of the whito races. This
in itself wilt rai.se hostility . in tbe
minds of the miners of tho provinoe at
the suggestion of their introduction,
for, white organizod lubor is not antagonistic to uny kind of labor becauBo
of its nationality, or creed, it ia of the
opinion that the workers in the eastern hemisphere m'ust solve thoir own
problems in thoir own country in their
own way and not make tho problcma
with which labor is confronted in this
country worse, by   transferring   them
here.
+ *        *
Tho futuro muat also bo considered
in connection with this question. It
is the hope of all that tho present war
will be brought to a close in the near
future, nnd should those hopes be realized, wo must consider the roturned soldier aspect of the cuse, us well as the
situation that is bound to arise in industry by the cessation of tlie production of munitions of war, which will
bring nbir.it unemployment in al)
brunches? of industry. The men tha!
have fought for the country will never
lot it stop at a passive protest if, on
thoir return to industrial activities,
ihey find that tho mines arc filled with
Asiatics, and, us un illustration of this,
a conversation overheard on the Victoria boat as sho pulled into tho harbor at tho Capital City, will show how
these men will viow the situation   if
ers and the returned soldiers, and by so
doing strike a blow at the industrial
organizations, and thc political move*
ment of the working class. Wo are of
the opinion thut a great danger fuces
tho people of this province nt this
time by the situation as created by this
element. Thc situation in connection
with the seamen is such as to warrant
serious consideration ou the part of tho
public, for if the masters and mates
quit, thore is no doubt that other workers will bo involved. Already the marine engineers are talking of quitting
in sympathy ..with the seamen, and
there will be more to follow. The same
applies to the sugar refinery workors,
for if by the tactics adopted by the
company, theso workers ure compelled
to strike in order to safeguard their
right to organize, thero will be moro
workors involved than those actually
employed in tho refinery.
* * *
One of the worst catustrophes that
could strike Vancouver and the provinco at this timo would be any general
labor troublo, for the reactionary
forccB would welcome a situation which
would give them the power to attempt
to crush the labor movement, and its
political development at a time when
feeling cun easily be aroused due to
tho psychology created hy tho wnr conditions and which would be resisted by
the workers and be the cause of endless trouble.
* * *
The justice of the workers' cases in
both instances cannot be denied, aud
if tho workers ure to bo subjected to
restrictions, theu the employers should
be compelled to live up to thu regulations laid down by tbe government,
and if thoy will nut do so, then the
government should take ovor thoir
concerns and operate them in thc in-
tercsts of the nation. The United |
Slnies Government has on several occasions during the pust month or two
brought very large concerns to book,
uud has compelled them to live up to
one common standard as to the treatment of the workers, and in all instances has compelled them to grant
the recognition of the right of the
workers to organize. It would appear
that in thc interests of the general public as well as in the interests of the
workers that this question should bo
sottled now and not after trouble
which would call a deul of ill-feeling
und a tieing up of industry, which is
nut in the interests of anybody. Particularly is this the case in tlie seamen's situation, for with the tieing up
of const and lake service, all activities
iu tho production of the munitions of
war will be effected. Tho waterfront
workors wilt bo one of the first affected, nnd thc other workers.mentioned in their turn.
The following is a copy of a letter
received by R. J. Craig, secretary of
We can only suggest that the reason! the local  Cigarmakers  Union, and is
for this being publishod is that it is self-explanatory:
uot usual for workingmen to tako accommodation in the haunts of their
masters, but we are inclined to believe
that a Seattle riveter is a more useful
citizen tban the usual guests at the
aforementioned hotol.
The Winnipeg Free Press Bulletin
discusses in its editorial column the decision of the Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council that a general strike must
be called iu Bympathy with the striking
metal workers in Winnipeg. The Free
Press characterizes the decision of the
Trades and Labor Council leaders as
'' Bolshevikism naked and unashamed," and calls upon the sane and conservative element in organized labor to
combat the proposal to plunge the city
in useless discomforts of mob rule. The
Free Press declares that tho merits of
the dispute do not touch the heart of
the question. "The labor leaders want
u general strike to force tho courts of
this province to be governed, not by
the laws of tho country, but the instructions of tho labor leadors." Tho
Free Press concludos by declaring that
they believe tho labor unions will
refuse to support this "throat of civil
war.''
It would appear that Vancouver
trudes unionists aro not the only ones
that are roundly abused by the press,
the rcul issue us usual being beclouded.
The rensun for tbo threat of a gouerul
strike in the 'Peg boing that onco again
the Manitoba trades unionists are being
subjected to tho rule of the "injunction," a common weapon of the employors of labor troubles in Winnipeg,
which can woll be described as the
huiue of injunctions in Canada.
HOW V0[ARS WILL END
•	
There are people who believe this
will be the last war. I wish I did. A
very comforting boliof I should find it.
I could read, then,'of the awful carnage with somo degree of equanimity,
and oven of exaltation.
If I felt that this was the end of it
all, that Mars was perishing by his own
hand, and would presently yield up his
foul ghost and pass away forever from
thc outraged earth, I might get a thrill
of frightful rapture from the tale of
slaughter that is tossed into my garden
every morning.
But I have no such fcoling.
War will not como to an end in an
uge that regards it as u great moral
opportunity, and thinks to wash away
its sins in a bath of blood.
When men of God talk of the "regenerative effects of war,' 'as our par-
sous do; when statesmen can speak of
it as tho instrument of justice and thc
propagator of truth—as tho means by
which an international millenium may
be brought to pass; I know that Mars,
fur from conipussing his own ruin, is
achieving the greatest success of his
long career.
The doom of war will be sounded
when it is recognized as a hideous absurdity, and not before.
The public mind will havo to be
taught to realize that war is a tragedy
of the ridiculous, confounding all reason, and making a horrible joke of
overy moral principle.
The spectacle of civilized nations,
after long centuries of familiarity with
Christian ethics, deliberately attempting to vanquish each other by starving
each other's women and children and
sick and infirm, can only be nccoptod
us a proof that Mars is moro potent for
evil than ever ho wns, and has succeeded in imposing on cultured men a code
of warfare from which their barbarous
forebears would have shrunk in disgust.
It iB the Common Peoplo who will
give Mara his quietus, and end war.
They will drag him out of the
churches where ho is enthroned in the
placo of Christ, tear him from thc clinging embrace of pious prigs and unctuous prelntes, and Bend him to his death.
All the great ones of the world will
try to save him. Statesmen who find
him essential to their dreams of dominion. Scientists who deem him a biological necessity. Artists who love the
gleam of his weapons and the bravery
of his battle-flags. Capitalists who pick
up profits in his bloody trail. False
teachers who pereeive in terror tho ally
of superstition.
But the day iB coming when tho Common People will no longor keep thoir
eycB fast closed aud permit themselves
to be guided whithersoever the great
onoB list, but will open their eyes wide,
and look nt things with an unclouded
understanding.
And they will see that Mars is not
only terrible, but preposterouB; not
only brutal, but brainless.
They wilt perceive that he is able to
solve no problems, settle no questions,
render humanity no help of any kind
whatever.
It will become quite clear to them
that he has held back the progress of
mankind by sowing black hatreds nnd
bitter dissensions among them, by investing immoral concepts with a halo
of glory, by exalting murder into a
means of grace, and creating a ruling
class thut depends on armed force for
its prestige, its powers und its privileges.
In that dny and in thnt way war will
eumo to uu end.
By the enlightenment of the Common
People.
I muke no guess at dates. I do not
say it will hnppen in our time, or even
in our children's time.
Only of this I nm certain—that wur
will not destroy war, thnt violenco will
not be cured by violence, thnt guns,
bombs nnd bayonets will not stop the
flow of blood.
When thc Common People find out
thnt tho great Ones have betrayed their
trust, and that the ordeal of battle is
as Billy ns it is savage, then—and then
only—war will ooaso from 'blaspheming
the spirit of God, and corrupting the
honrt of man.—Henry E, Boote in the
Australian Worker.
Montreal, Aug. 15, 1918.
Mr. R. J. Craig,
Secretary Local Union, No. 357,
Vancouver, B. C,
Dear Sir: Enclosed please find receipt for donation in aid of atrike.
Please accept our most sincere thanks
for this generous response. The situation iB very serioua for this union, and
from all indications, both firms, Wilson's and Tucketts, seem very determined to fight to a finish.
Wilson uses machines and employs
female labor exclusively, Tuckets are
putting on all scab hand-workmen they
can lay their hands on, also bunch-makers and rollers, mon and women, boys
and girls. They also have bunch machines and few suction tables. They
huve about 40 people in all. Three of
tho boys havo been arrested for intimidation, und aro remanded for trial before the King's Bench.
Again thanking you for the donation,
I remain, fraternnlly yours,
A. GARIEPY, Socretary.
With union-made cigars and tobacco
on the murket, the union meu iu this
city can support the strikers by purchasing them, and with local union-
made cigars on the murket as good us
any mude ou tho continent, there is no
need for union men to smoke any but
unien-iuadc goods.   'Nnff said.
S
Trouble With Medical Com-
mittee—Labor Day
Programme
The employeea of the Western Fuel
Oo. at Nanaimo have been having a
littlo trouble with tho "modical committoe." It appears that a member of
this committee was approached by a
firm who desired to sell the men an ambulance, and a sam of money is supposed tu havo changed hands, with the
object of inducing this member of the
committoe to get tho deal put through,
but tho men, having heard of the proposition, turned it down.   ■
The company bought the ambulance,
however, without knowing of the transaction, and thc mon aro desirous of
moro investigation into the activities of
thc medical committee.
The organization of the minors at the
Coal City goea on apace, and Labor
Bay ia to see a reul get-together of the.
miners ,n treat being given to tho children in the forenoon, and a good programme of sports haB been arranged
for the little ones.
Tho afternoon will bring back a semblance of tho old days. Speakers will
address the mon, and in the evening a
donee will be held in the pavilion.
He Met His Match
He was engaging a new stenographer
and ho bit off his words and hurled
them nt her in a way to frighten any
ordinary girl out of hor wits.
"Chow gum?" ho asked.
"No, sir."
"Talk along?"
"No, sir."
"Mako goo-goo eyea at the fellows
whon you're not buBy?"
"No, air."
"Know how to spoil such words as
'cat' and 'dog' correctly?"
"Yes, sir,"
"Chin through thc telephone half a
dozen times a day?"
"No, sir."
"Usually tell the office force how
much tho firm owes and all the reat of
its private business you learn?"
"No, sir."
He waa thinking of-something else
to ask her when sho took a hand in the
matter and ptu a fow queries,
"Smoke cheap cigars when you're
dictating?" she asked.
"Why—er—no," he gasped, in as-
tonishment.
"Take it out of the stenographer's
hide whon you've had a scrap at homo
and got the worst of it?"
"Certainly not!"
1' Slam things uround and swear when
business is bad?"
'' N-over.''
'' Lay for your employees with a club
when they get caught in a block some
morning?"
"No, indeed."
"Think you know onough, about
grammar and punctuation to appreciate
a good stenographer when you get
ono?"
"I—think bo."
"Want me to go to work, or is yomr
time worth so little that—"
"You bet!" he broke in enthusiastically. "Kindly hang up your things
and let's get at these letters."—A. B,
Lewis, in Judge.
It is folly at this stage of the game
to think that any attempt to break the
lnbor movement by tho causing of a
gonerul strike, or even u partial genernl strike, or a strike amongst nny
section of the workers will be successful, for, us sure as the sun will rise
tomorrow, the growing power of tho
workers can only bo chotikpd temporarily, and the peaceful evolutionary
mothod in tho ohailgfl of political pow
or is at nil times preferable to nny
clmnge Unit ('tin be brought about by
tlio methods of tho Hun or his prototype, nnd which will only react on
those that start them.
WASHINGTON.—Tho Dlst rict of
Columbin Council of Defence has noti-
flod nil tenants to "stund pat" against
the efforts of landlords to raise rents,
ns the Salisbury law, recently passed
by congress, prohibits rent raising in
the district.
Mexican laborers employed by the
Chicago & Alton Railroad 10 break a
slrike of ils men for highor wnges, refused to work when they discovered
tho purpose bf iheir omploymont* The
men won u raise of itf) and 'M\_ cents
un hour, over u former rnte averaging
about 21 cents.
WINNIPEG.—On application of tho
management of the Manitoba Bridge
and Iron Works, an injunction has been
issued by -Judge MacDonald against
four local labor bodies, the machinists,
blacksmiths, moulders and the Motal
Trudes Council, und also against thc
ngents of these bodies and a number of
individual members, placing the amount
of damages ut ij.100,000. Tho claim and
tho uction generally Ib bused on the alleged activities of these bodies and
their agents nnd members in picketing
aud thc uso of other means to dissuade
men from entering the company's Bervice during the existence of the metal
workers' Btrike,
LABOR CONDITIONS IN
THE UNITED STATES
Big Demand for Metal Trade Workers
But Oommon Labor and
Women Plentiful
Labor conditions for the week ended
August 3 is summarized aa follows by
tho department of Labor at Washington:
Building trades passing through a
period of depression. Activity at shipbuilding and manufacturing centres had
previously promised to absorb the
workerB, but high cost of material and
difficulty in obtaining it delays operation. Munitions workers are in demand,
aa are skilled boiler makers, machinists
and molders. Common labor is short in
thc cast, but in the South Contral
States the release of men from farm
work and the drouthB has created a surplus. The question of farm laborers ia
one of distribution. There ia a surplus
of these workera in the Southern and
Southwestern Statos, while a scarcity
exists in other sections. In general female labor conditions are normal, with
a surplus of women desiring clerical
work.
It is felt that a bettor supply of
workers would be available for factories and munitions plants if working
conditions wero improved.
U. S. OOAL MINERS TO
DEMAND WAGE BOOST
District Presidents of U. M. W. of A.
to Hold a Meeting ln
Washington
A genernl iucreuso in wages of from
10 to 20 per cent, for coal miners will
be demanded at the meoting Friday in
Washington of all district presidents
of tho United Mino Workors of
iVmeiicu. Frank J. Hayes, national
president, after conferring with Fuel
administrator Hurry Garfield, issued
the call for the meeting. Elimination
of bonuses, whieh arc being paid in certain mines, and a general increase in
the scalo will be discussed at thc aea-
sion.
Proportional Representation
—A Full Explanation
EDMONTON, Alta.—Between 400
and 500 minors went on striko at Brule
coul mines, controlled by tho Canadian
Northern, Wednesday evening. Tho
causo of tho striko, according to the
men, was the poor food being supplied
them und the alleged filthy nud unsanitary condition of tho wash-house. The
mon, it is suid, have agreed to resume
work us soon us these conditions are
remedied. The chief mine inspector
visited Brulo und it iB said came to the
conclusion that conditiouss were bad
there.
The union lubel on un nrtiele you
purchase is tho only assurance you
can hnve that it is produced by union
labor. Protect yourself and your union
conditions by buying nothing to which
it is not attached.
The union lubel supersedes the boycott by concent rating the purchasing
' power upon union products.
[By Tom Dooley]
Owing to tho postman's striko, and
having n couple of weeks holiday (and
yoa know what that means to a workingman who owns his own home), I
sometimes wonder whother owning
one's home is an asset or a liability,I
havo not contributed my quota to The
Federationist, for which I duly apologize. Now, I know Wells expected this
article. I could almost hear him say,
when tho report of the election of officers to the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council was boing fixed up for The
Fcderntionist, wait till Dooley sees this
and I'll bet wo will hear from him.
Well, hero lam, ready to do battle,
with sevoral scalps in my bolt of sup-
portors of the provincial government's
so-called Proportional Representation
Bill, and am prepared to tackle all com-
ors who tako the standwthat tho officers
of tho Trados and Labor Council of
Vancouver were elected by the P. B.
system.
Now, all that I can make out of the
report is thut the offlcors of tho council
were elected by the Hnre-Spence system, which is wrongly called Proportional Representation, but really is a
system of personal preference single
transferable voting, and how uny body
of men who claim to be advanced in
their ideas, can call it P. R, strikes me
as being vory fanny.
To begin with, tho report says the
rules of the "Municipal Proportional
Representation Act," under which the
election was, conducted, wero thereforo
invoked. Heavens above, and this iB
tho Act which the govornment gave to
us aftor about eighteen months in office.
I am looked upon by its supporters
as a bold, bad man. Now, real proportional representation is a syatem under
which every political party or group
muat secure a seat or seats in proportion to the number of votes polled by
the political party or group. P. R. presupposes that the candidates of each
party should bo grouped, and the parties shall prosent a list of candidates
to the public representing the different
party views. Proportional representation noeds party politica and needs a
list of candidates presented by the
party or group. The municipal bill Ib
something totally different and by no
stretch of imagination can it be called
P. R. You cannot have real P. R. by
splitting the province into constituencies; or tho country into provinces for
this reayn.
We will suppose that we are having
a provincial election under the Provin
cial Government Act. Liberal, Conser
vative ond Labor call this a two member constituency and overybody votes.
Now, the candidates who were not Labor wonld be tempted to pander to tho
Lubor votea for the chance of getting
hia peraonal preference single transferable vote, which everybody knows is
political dishonosty. When the votes
were counted, any, the Liberal ond Conservative wore elected and the Labor
candidate did not get sufficient votos
to make up the quota, he would huve
lost out.
Let us put it nnothor way. Suppose
the province wns split up into ton con
stituoncies, and the quota in each constituency to eloct a, member to parliament was 2001, Suppose Labor polled
in each of the constituencies 2000 votes
one short of the quota, Labor would
not be represented in the provincial
house in spite of having 20,000 votes in
tho province. This would bo proportional representation, and this is tho
bill that the delegates were elected to
the Trades and Labor Council under.
Wonderful, wonderful. Those who support tho municipal bill remind mo of
the bum engineer, who, when his engine
was ready to start, and tho boiler was
blowing off, kicked tho engine off the
track and exclaimed, "steam's tho
thing.''
Now, with real P. R. the provinco
would represent only ono constituency,
and supposing that 2001 was still the
quotu, und Lnbor polled 20,000 voteB,
Lubor would then hnve its representation in the gus house.
Df courso, I know tho argument
fnvor of the municipal bill weald bo
the transferable vote, but I would ask,
whut Labor voter wants to transfer his
vote to a Liberal or Tory?
We hoard a workor in the Rainier
saloon, just before the war, express
himself ns fellows: "If you don't keep
the pace you get flred ami if you do
keop the pace, you get so blamed tired
you've got to quit. Something is bound
to happen." The war followed.
NO MISGIVING
is present in the mind of the owner of a Birks' Diamond.
It is worn without the slightest doubt or uncertainty aB
to its quality, and displayed with the utmost pleasure.
It is satisfying to remember that it will not lose its
brilliance or its value.
See -our splendid assortment of ENGAGEMENT RINGS.
We welcome your interost whether a purchase is intended
BIRKS
Onm-lll* and Oeorgte na.
OEO. E. TBOBET. Hu. Ml.
"DHunonds of flu Highest
QnaUtj"
—SAVa TOTO HOIIT—
stabt a atom aoootot m
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Doa't stow away your opart cash la
any old corner where it u In dinger
from burglars or flre.
The Merchant* Bonk of Cansda of'
fen you perfect safety for you
monoy, and will give yon foil bonking
sorvico, whether yonr aeooant le lorgo
or  email.
Internet allowed  on savings deposits.
0. N. STAOEY, Manager
OraaviUe and Fonder
W. O. JOT. Manager
Hastings -ud Oarrall
LEGAL NOTICES
NEW WESTMINSTER LAND DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTIOE Unit I, Albort Edward
Garvoy, intend to apply for n licence to
prospect for Coal, Petroleum nnd Natural
Gas, on thu following described Imuls;
Commencing nt a post planted near tho corner of Sixteenth Avoniio and Blanca Street,
it? tlio Municipality of Point Grey, thenco
East oighty elm ins, thence South eighty
chains, thence West eighty chains, thence
North eighty chains to point of commencement, containing 040 acres, more or less.
ALBERT EDWARD GARVEY,
Locator.
Located July 19, 1918.
NBW WESTMINSTEB LAND DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTICE that I, Albert Edward
Garvoy, Intend to apply for a licence to
prospect for Coal; Petroleum and Natural
Gas, on tho following described landB:
Commencing at a post plnnted near tho corner of 20th Avonue and Camosun Street, in
tho Municipality of Point Grey, thench South
eighty chnins, thence West eighty chains,
thenco North oighty chains, thenco East
oighty chains, to point of commencement,
containing 640 acres, more or leas.
ALBERT EDWARD GARVEY,
Locator.
Located July 19, 1918.
NEW WESTMINSTEB LAND DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTICE that I, Albert Edward
Garvoy, intend to apply for a licence to
prospect for Coal, Potroleuin and Natural
Gaa, on tho following described lands:
Commencing ot a post planted noar the corner of Blanca Street and Sixteenth Avenuo
(Point Grey Boulevard) In tho Municipality
of Point Grey, thence South 80 chains,
thenco Wost 80 chains, thench North 80
chains, thence East 80 chains to point of
common cement,   containing   040   acres.
Located July 25,   1918.
ALBERT EDWARD GARVEY,
Locator.
NBW WESTMINSTEB LAND DISTBIOT
TAS?E NOTICE that I, Denis Campbell, hereby declare my intention of applying for a
liconso to prospect for coal, petroleum and
natural gas on the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at tho southwest cornor of Sixteenth Avenue (Point
Groy Boulevard) and Blanca Drive, Municipality of Point Grey, Now Westminster District, thenco wost 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thenoe south
80 chains to placo of commencement—containing 640 acres.
Located Jane 3rd, 1918.
DENIS OAMPBELL,
Per Charles Goodyear.  Agent.
NEW WESTMINSTEB DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Albort Edward Gar-
vey, intend to apply tor a licence to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gaa, on the
following described lands: Commencing at
a post planted near tho southeast oorner of
Blook SO, Dlstriot Lot 140, Municipality of
Point Grey; thenoe south 80 chains, thenoe
west 80 chains, thonoe north 80 chains,
thenoo eaat 80 chains to point of commencement, oontaining 640 acres more or less.
Located June 3rd, 1918.
ALBERT EDWARD GARVEY,
Locator.
MEW WESTMINSTEB DISTBIOT
TAKE NOTIOE that I, Clarence Irvine Wei-
don, intend to apply for a ltcenee to prospect
for coal, petroleum and natural gas, on the
following described lands: Commencing at a
post planted near the southeast corner of
Block eo, District Lot 140, Municipality of
Point Grey; thence nortii 80 chains, thenoe
west 80 chains, thonoe south 80 chains,
thenoe eaat 80 chains to point ef commencement, oontaining 640 acres more or less.
Located June Srd,  1918.
OLABENOE IRVINE WELDON,
Locator.
TWENTY-JIVE   TEARS   AGO
Trades and Labor Oouncll
August 25, 1893
Trades and Lubor Council bold a
special meeting in Union hall, 515 Hustings stroot west.
Socretary George Gagen mude a final
report for Labor Day committeo, arrangements all completed, everything
pointed to a successful celebration tomorrow. Special prizes for a canoe race
for PraBor river fishermen, Joseph Wai-
drop, of PopuliBt Party, Portland, Oro.,
to deliver Labor Day oration. Officials
at grounds: D. Jamieson, A, Porter,
Geo. Pollay, H. McKee, J. Paterson, D.
O'Dwyer, W. Hunt, G. W. ThomaB, G.
Bartley, J. H. Browne, W. M. Wilson
and President E. R. Monck.
Dentistry!
Orowni, Bridges and Fillings
made the same shade aa 70a owi
natural tooth.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Open evenings  7:80 to  6:80.
Dental nurse in attendance.
OOB. OBANVILLE AND BOBBOV
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Sey. 5238
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
nOOBPOIHBD 1155
Bank of Toronto
 |S4,«0,000
Deposits  68,900,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Aooonat may bt
opened at The Bank ol Toronto
in the sum of two or mora
persons. In thue aaeoanti oither
party may sin ohetaes or deposit
monoy. For the different members of
a family or a dim a Joint aeooant ia
oftea a treat oonTonieaee. Interest ts
paid on balanoos.
Vancouver Branch:
Comer Haitian "»* Gambia Streeta
Branches at:
Victoria.  Merritt,  Kew Westminster
BONDS
If ran ara  aauiderlni the purchaso
or   sale   of   Oovernment   or   Mo
-_   —   of   Oovernment
bonds comtnnnloaU with
Municipal
PATBIOK   DOBMBLLT
736 Oranvllle 8k Vancouver, B. 0.
Notary Public
A.  Wl  WHITAKER
439 Richards Street
Patronize B. G. FederationiBt advertisers, and tell them why you do go.
* At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Stores
Just Arrived
At 125 AND 127 HASTINGS ST. W.
Our new stock of
RAINCOATS
Two Big Union Stores for
Men in B. C.
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Also 614-616 Yates St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for the Big Red Arrow Sign FRIDAY. August 23, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PAGE BTVf
The only UNION Cigar
Stores in Vancouver
*Hr     Mainland Cigar Stores
jggj THE PLACE FOE FIFES
310 CARRALL STREET, and
45 CORDOVA ST. WEST
It's a great satisfaction to us when we make a purchase in
a Union Store, but that satisfaction is more than doubled when
you also save money by doing so, and you will do that when
you buy your cigars ofl us, as the following cigar price list will
show:
Kurtz Pioneers, Monarch or Panatellas shape 3 for 25^
Van Loos, Loudres or Clubhouse shape 3 for 35<
We have only 800 Van Loo Loudrea and, as they have advanced in price again it is impossible for us to sell this shape
at 3 for 25c when present stock is sold.
I. _. A. Cigar, one shape, one price 3 for 25<-
And all others just as fairly priced.
And when you need a pipe don't forget the number.
Thank you.
THE MOST POPUIAB FAVORITE IN FALL MILLINBBY
THE LIBERTY HAT AND VEIL
Don't fail to seo thom—Thoy'ro ohio. Wo also havo many
smart models in Felt, Feather Toques, Whito Satin and
OU Silk Hats—all most reasonably priced.
632 GRANVILLE STREET
NEW   NOVELTIES
ABBIVINO DAILY
UTTER CARRIERS ON
WAY TO POOR HOUSE
Oet a Small Increase ofl Fay from a
Kindly and Benevolent
Oovernment
The kind, benevolent Canadian government haB granted an increase of pay
to Letter Carriers and Postal Clerks,
amounting to less than 50c per day.
The increase, however, is not permanent, because it has turned the job of
such Uttle things ovor to the Civil Service Commission.    This will insure a
maximum wage of $1350 per year to
provido for tho food, clothing and shel
tor of a family whose needs amount to
at least $1700 per year, according to
the United States War Labor Board.
Tho minimum wage, whioh most of the
omployoes get, amounts to about one
thousand dollars per year, so there is
every possibility that the government
will have to build poor houses in the
very near future to relieve its underpaid employees. It can provide a sightseeing trip to Europe fer a bunch, of
editors whose expenses on such an occasion will be very heavy, and whose
only function when they get back to
the typewriter will be to slam labor,
but the governmont employees, those
who grind out long hours at miserable
pay under all kinds of weather conditions, are handed a few crumbs and
told to bc good, faithful servants.
Say,, Fellows-
If you want Quality, Mildness and Flavor—the joy of a real
smoke at a reasonable price try the new three-for-a-quarter
war package VAN LOO. Every leaf of tobacco from thc filler
to the wrapper, that goes into VAN LOO has been kissed by
Cuban suns. It's an honest-to-goodncss real smoke made in a
big Onion faotory. Trust me to thc extent of two-bits and try
them today.
—AD-MAN EASTMAN.
CiWs
Mak in Vancouver. B.t 0
sold everywhere
15c, 10c and 3 for 25c
Pf.
Organized Labor Members
Not Evaders But
Workers
The following letter, which appeared
in the Western Witness of August 15th
issue, is evidently another way of taking a slam at the trades unions:
Dear Sir: Can you or any one else
tell me why if you come by the Labor
Temple some evenings you will see score
upon score of strong, bulky young able-
bodied men crowding on the sidewalks,
and at the windows of the Temple T
Why is it that these voting men are not
in khaki, and how do they escape the
draft! Is it because they are aliens or
unfit for military service! I have made
enquiries about this, and no one seems
to understand how it is that there are
so many more young men of military
ago here in Vancouver nol in uniform
than are seen in any other place, either
in the Dominion or the States! Should
be glad to see your answer in the next
edition of your valuable paper. Thanking you to insert this, yours truly,
T. E. JOHNSTONE,
Point Grey Road.
We take this opportunity of replying
to Mr, Johnstone, and would suggest
in future that if he desires to take a
slam at the trados unionists of this
city, that he do so without any camouflage.
The young, able-bodied men who
crowd on the sidewalkB, and at the windows of the Labor Tomple, and who are
nnt in khaki, are mostly engaged in the
production of the munitions of war, and
are assisting to that extent in the aims
and objects of the Allies; they are not
alions, neither are they escaping the
draft as is suggested in Mr. Johnstone's
letter. It is true that a great number
of them are men that have been turned
down as physically unfit, and it is also
true that a goodly number of them have
boen over the top in Flanders. Many
members of organized labor have been
in France, and did not wait for the
draft, but volunteered in the early days
of the war. Again, many of the returned men who are working.at occupations
which are covered by organized labor,
are members of the organized Labor
movement in this city. Perhaps as big
a percentage of men from the British
isles can be found round the Labor
Temple as in any other placo of assembly in the city, and while aliens are not
debarred from joining tho unions, let it
be remembered that organized labor is
not responsible for their presence in the
country, bat that thoy were brought
here iu the interests of the large corporations who now claim all the patriotism.
Tho organized Labor movement in
Vancouver, and in this province, haB
contributed ub many men as haB the
movement in any other part of the
country, both volunteers and drafted
men. In fact our impression is that a
greater number in proportion have gone
from this province in comparison with
ics population, than from any other province in the country. And we wonder
what Mr. Johnstone has done for "his
country." Has he been ovor the top;
has ho dono any useful work in connection with the prosecution of the war,
or is he only one of thoso who carry on
with the pen and the tongue. Try
again, Mr. Johnstone.
Those whom the gods moan to destroy thoy first make mad. The capitalist system is going to commit suicide in
spite of the efforts of the workers to
prevent it. The best thing to do is to
bury it face downwards bo that when
Gabriel's trumpet sounds, it can proceed in the right direction.      i
PANTAGES
• next wns
JOSIE FLYVK'S MINSTRELS
' THE KUttA FOTJB
Other Big Features
ORPHEUM
VTHEATRE1U
PLATING ORPHEUM CIRCUIT VAUDEVILLE
.Matinee 2:30
Evenings 8:20
Special Labor
Day Edition
A aptdal Labor D»jr edition of
Tb* Fedsnttonlst Mil be issued
neit we«k. This edition will b* ie-
plote with articles (torn tlie pens of
many of tlio ablMt writers ln tbo
Labor mo-nment, and will contain
many ttatties of especial intonet
to all workon.
It li oxpoetod tkat many oxtn
copiw otot aal aboro tk* ordiaarr
ciiealatten trill ba otttei. Beat-
taries of orfanlaattoni tkat ara if-
Bring on taking extra copies an ra-
quest** ta Mil In ttstr orders at
once, as witk tke increase! mucker
of snkscrlkan new on oar aaiUaf
list, plenty ef tlae nut ke glien
ln ordering, er disappointments an
boaad to result
IT
IL S. Senator Informs His
Colleagues That Such
Is the Case
It Is Labor That in Sweat
and Grime and Blood
Produces Wealth
In a speech in the United Statea son-
ate, Mr. McKellar of Tennessee, surprised some members of that sedate
body by attacking the fiction that captains of industry build ships and produce war munitions.   He said:
We speakers, we congressmen, we
newspaper writers, wo hired mon in
high places who spend the people's
money aB captains of industry exclaim
at the top of our voices that we build
these ships. What a travesty upon
truth1
"Labor builds thoso ships. It iB
Labor that in sweat and grime and
mud digs the raw materials from the
bowels of the earth. It is Labor that
burns, toils and sweats at the furnaces
and at the forges to make these raw
materials fit for service It is Labor
that, with brawn and muscle and skill,
fells the trees in the forest, turns them
into logs and lumber, and finally manufactures them to fit them to become a
part of the finished vessel. It is Labor,
skilled, patient, plodding, working day
by day, that rivets and screws and
nails and mortises the various parts
and materials into a completed whole.
Thus we Bee that thc completed ship is
the product of Labor.
"And as in tho case of ships, so it is
with practically all the rest of our war
services and our war activities.
"All our munitions of war—the bul
lets,-the cannon, tho shells, tho guns,
the machine guns, the rifloB, the railroads, their rolling stock, the clothing,
the uniforms, tho cmitouemeiits, the war
vessels, the food for our armies and for
our people—aro manufactured or pro
duced by tho unremitting und patriotic
toil of labor.
'The world can never know tho
weariness, tho wear and tear on mind
and soul and body of the individuals
composing labor who, hour by hour and
day by day, in all kinds of weather, in
heat and in cold, in rain and in snow,
by their indefatigable efforts gather up
all of these materials and make them
ready for war service.
'It is labor that Jills our warehouses
with food and raw materials of every
description. It is labor that moves theso
materials over the railroads of our
land. It is labor that unloads thehi
from the railroad curs and reloads them
on our ships. It is labor that takes care
of them and handles them in their perilous journeys across the seas, that unloads them on the other side, and again
reloads them in other cars made by
labor. It is labor that transports them
to the camps for our soldiers.
"The war has brought untold profits
to the manufacturers, to those engaged
in trade and commerce, and even to
thoso engaged in production. Why
should any man bogrudge prosperity to
the laboring man, who brings about
prosperity for all others."
AFTER YOU HAVE
SEEN THE FAIR
spend a few dollara of your loose change—DON'T FORGET
to see us.   Our big Fire Sale will be going all tbis week
-oSAVINO YOU DOLLARS co
if there is any virtue in values or power in prices our Big
      Sale ia bound to bring yonr trade	
By taking advantage of our extraordinary reductions on
Suits, Raincoats and Overcoats you can save as much money
in a few minutes' buying as you spend at the fair. So doing, making a pleasure week a real money saver.
Young Hen's Belter Suits—
In fancy tweeds and worsteds— $13.50, $15.75,
$16.75.
Men's 3-button Sack—Fall
weight. Prices $18.50 and
$19.75.
BIO SNAPS IN FURNISHINGS
Boys'  Suits — Priced  from
$4.95 up.
New Fall Overcoats—Plain
blacks, greys and fancy;
from $25.00 up.
Fancy Tweed Raincoats-
Slip-on and trench models.
Priced at from $13.00 up.
Low Prices entrenched behind values par excellence
THE JONAH-PRAT GO.
FIT-BITE CLOTHING PARLORS
401-HASTINQS STREET WEST-401
Want Same Bonus as Was
Granted Men—Idea
May Spread
Motor bus and tramway lyitem of
London, Englnnd, have been practically
paralyzed aa a result of the atrike of
eondnctorettea, whieh threaten! to
apread throughout the country. The
union voted to call out ita 30,000 members in London and the provinces.
Londoners walked to work or rode
in taiia and tube trains.
Between 12,000 and 15,000 workers,
including conductors, are striking in
sympathy with the condnotorettes.
Thousands of motor busses are idle.
The women want five shillings a
week bonus the same as granted recent*
ly to tbe men.
A "sex war" is a possibility seen by
somo commentators on the strike of women transportation workers for the
same pay received by men for equal
work. It is pointed out that the ramifications of the strike may extend virtually to all wur activities and many
other industries.
It is pointed out that the principle
affects the entire economic lift of England, as at present women are doing
all kinds of work which it was hardly
dreamed thoy were capable of doing
until the necessity was forced by tho
—nr.
The National Transport Workers ttt
a conference passed a resolution declaring that the strike arising from
the refusal to pay tho women stroet
car and bus conductors the five shilling advance given to tho men must
be settled on a national basis of "equal
pay for equal work." Tho resolution
announced that the transport workers
would take steps to enforco this principle. This means that unless the demands of the women are granted there
will bo a general strike of transport
workers.
There are good prospects for ending
the tramway and bus drivers' strike
on Friday.
A conference lasting nearly five
hours was hold Wednesday and tho
parties to tho controversy reached an
approximate settlement on the basis
of equal pay for mon and women workers aud no discrimination between
thom.
The terms will be submitted to the
unions affected.
E TAX LAW
BOON FOR RICH
Let Us
Remind
you that the weather is-apt
to be cool ud is going to be
cooler. Fall ia in sight and
you really need a Suit right
now.
Ford Suits
are tho Suite thit give satisfaction because ttoy have
every good quality possible,
and tho Ford stook is so extensive and comprehensive
yon don't juit have to "Uke
what yon get"—"yon got
what yon like." Tie Ford
principle la satisfy the customer." "The customer it
always right" to the Ford
way of thinking. The customer just says what ha
wants and the Ford people see
that he gets it, gets it good
and right up to top-notch
.nark.
TAiLORiNGCSS SfwS
Profiteers Can Accumulate
Their Gains While the
Workers Pay for War
When, after much hesitation, the government of Canada decided at last to
make the rich bear their share of tho
burdon imposed npon the people by thia
terriblo war, and introduced the income
tax and the tax on war profits, we were
one ot tho first to approve of the decision. Unfortunately laws are not often
what they purposo to be, and the rich
do not so easily let go their wealth.
The income tax which waa designed to
placo the burdon of paying for tho war
upon tho shoulders of thoso able to bear
it has turned out to be quite tho contrary, for tho conditions under whicli
tho Dominion war bonds aro issued
have nullified the offect of the former
legislation.
Tho law, us it stands now, provides
for tho taxation of oxcess profits and
surplus revenuo over a certain definite
amount, but provides also for the exemption of all monoy invested in war
bonds or war charities. And of course,
overy practical financier will invest in
war bonds bearing a fair rate of intor-
ost all the money that otherwise tho
jovcrnment would seize for war pur-
loses. The excess profits, instead of
leing confiscated, as it wbb intended by
tho Income Tax Act, is being borrowed
hy the government, and tho mass of tho
people will have to pay" tho interest on
same later. ThuB instead of relieving
tho poor it adds to their burden. '
By the tax exemption on investment
in war issues, those bonds aro as good
to a man with a $6000 yearly income
as would any other investment at 5.73
per cent. To a man having an income
of $12,000 per year these bonds are as
good as another investment yielding
fi.10 per cent. To a $80,000 a year income, they are worth 7.47 per cent. To
a $500,000 incomo, thoy are worth 11.01
per cent, und to a $1,000,000 incomo
theso bonds aro worth 20.2i) per cent.
Moreover every one agrees that our income taxes ure most likoly to increnso
in which cubo the above figures will be
more discriminating.
As these bonds are only worth 5Vj
por cent, to the man whose incomo is
less thun $2000 a yenr, it is obvious
lliat tax exemption in thnt ease us in
nny other ense, becomes eluss fnvorit-
ism. Well, class favoritism is the very
thing thnt this wnr is intended to abolish and whieh we ull strive to strike
out. Olass favoritism does not exist at
the front, why should it bo maintained
at tho rear? The poor have readily
given their lives for the defence of tho
country nnd civilizationf fhey hnve contributed to a large extent fn the vnrious
patriotic enterprises nnd war relief
funds. The rich ure Btill evading their
duty, though they appcur to be very
generous. They want compulsion for
all except for themselves, nnd when investing their profits in wnr bonds they
uro being credited with pntriotic instincts, although it is a means of escaping taxation,—The Lnbor World.
Groat importance is attached to the
decision from Ottnwa re Hindu labor.
Tlie decision to stop any Hindu immigration' into Cnnada enme from the
imporial War Conference in London.
One direct consequence of the ngreement is thnt emigration   of   laboring
asses to Canndn from India, which
Iuik been the cause of considerable
iilliculty in the pust, will be stopped
ti the future.
Right to Collective Bargaining: and Eight-hour
Day Given
Peonage in Alabama and elsewhere
has been givon a blow by the National
War Labor Board, at Washington,
which orders that employees of the
Sloss-Sheffield Steel and Iron Company
at EusBellville, Ala., shall be treated aB
human beings. Other companies are included in a denunciation of a "permit
syBtem" by which employers in that
district agree with each other not to
hire a man until he can produce a permit from the company which last employed him.
Other orders to the Sloes-Sheffield
Company are:
Accept the principle of collective bar*
gaining.
Establish the eight-hour day, with
time and one-half for overtime.
Stop deducting 20 per cent, for cashing advance pay checks for employees.
Stop the insurance system which pro
vides for deductions from the workers'
pay.
Money due workerB shall be paid at
face value with no deductions.
Inerease wages of all employees $2 a
day. (Former rates varied from $1.85
to $4.26 a day, with the bulk of the
employees receiving from $2 to $3 for a
10-hour day).
At the hearings it was shown that
the company oporates a store from
which the workers purchase virtually
all of the necessities of life, and that
many of the workers receive less than
$1 a week in their pay envelopes every
two weeks because of these deductions
and other charges, which include hospital service, company physician and for
the maintenance of a school.
With the right of organization assured, the workers are now in a position
where thev can correct other evils. The
National War Labor Board will not depend on the company to enforce this
award, but has directed that an examiner shall be appointed "to supervise
the execution of the award."
TACOMA, Wash.—The Carman Manufacturing Company has asked the superior court to order the Upholsterers
Union and the Timber Workers Union
to pay it #20,000. These unions are
charged with taking advantage of wartime conditions to secure the employment of union labor. The company is
aggrieved at this attempt to standardize working conditions.
Fish Department
CITY MARKET
A bright, Sanitary Market in
which to purchase your fish.
PILCHARDS
ABE STILI. PLENTIFUL. IF YOU HAVE NOT TRIED THIS DELICIOUS FISH TOU SHOULD. AT THE PBIOE THEY ABE ONE
OF THE HOST ECONOMICAL AND TASTY FISH YOU CAN BUY.
Sc per lb. or 6 lbs. for 25c
Cured Fish Specials
KIPPERED SALMON  ...20c per lb.
Cooked ready to eat—delicious.
KIPPERED HERRING  3 lba. for 25c
BLOATERS  !. 6c per lb.
flXDDIES 16c ptr lb.
OOD FILLETS  16c per lb.
All meat—no bones.
Canadian Food Control License No. 9-8788
TACOMA.—Cereal workers struck
ere. tioing up three of the city's larg-
si (lour nulls.   Tin! men demand nn In-
Patronize U. 0. Federatlonist fidvor-
aers and tell thom  why you do so.
Registered
Smax Bread
EVEBY TASTE A SMACK
"SMAX"~an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
UNION MADE
THE WOMEN'S
Cakes and Pastry
ARE WHOLESOME, NUTRITIOUS AND
UNION MADE
0
PHONE FAIRMONT 3000 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY. August 23, 1918
Men Exclusively
We Invite You to Visit a Store
Devoted to Men's Shoes Only
■*"pHE first of its kind, we believe, on the Pacific
Coast;*being the men's shop of our "Twin Shoe
Stores." Here you'll be fitted by specialists on tho
different lasts for men's feet. You'll find a shoe
that, because of perfect FIT, will hold its shape,
wear longer, and bc more comfortable. Here you'll
also find that world-wide famed BEQAL SHOE,
noted for its thorough honesty; verified style, durability and moderate price. Bring us your foot
troubles—drop in.
WILSONS'
"Twin Shoe Stores"
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near OamWe Stroet
An Exclusive Store for
Men.
An Exclusive Store for
Women.
ST. JOSEPH, Mo.—Members o£ the
Tire Fighters Union object to city officials inviting the Commerce Club to
assist in drafting rules for the government of the city fire department. The
fire fighters declare they have nothing
against these business men, "but,"
they say, "we do not think they know
any more about running the fire department than we know about running
a bank or a jobbing house." The firemen are underpaid and they are in no
mood to accept the theory that business 'men or their attorneys possess
especial wisdom in handling fire apparatus.
INDIANAPOLIS.—During the month
of May the offices of the Brotherhood
of Teamsters received per capita tax
on 82,740 members. President Tobin
says this is the largest per capita tax
ever received, although thousands of
membors have been called to the front.
From Truck Drivers Union No. 25 of
Boston over 600 members have enlisted.
A man who had just oome out of a
blind pig tried to hold himself erect
in front of the Province window the
other day. He looked at the reports
from the front and suddenly remarked:
"What the hell is the war about, anyway!" As the rest of us were sober,
we had no answer ready. It's no use,
you can't run this city on near beer.
Patronice B. C. Federationist advertisers, and tell them why you do so.
BEFORE THE SEASON IS OVER
:_ Visit Vancouver's Popular Retort
HORSESHOE BAY
This ideal spot for picnic parties is reached by the
Pacific Great Eastern Railway
Twelve return trains on Sundays and eight on week-days,
operated from the North Vancouver Depot.
The extensive park grounds, in which seats and tables arei
installed, are free and open to the public.
BOATING        BATHING        FISHING
Refreshments and Accommodation Optainable at Two Hotels
RETURN FARE 60c
Time Tables mailed on application to Passenger Dept.
PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY
404 WELTON BLOCK
BEYMOTO 9647
Fall Goods
Men's Suits and Overcoats in the latest styles for FaU and
Winter, at moderate prices. We still have some of the old
cloth in stock.   They are great values at the present time.
RAINCOATS
in all grades—Rubberized Tweed, Gabardine,  Rubber   and
Combination Tweed Goat Showerproof*—English make.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
Tel. Sey. 702
309 to 315 Hastings Street West
This Space Reserved for
Vancouver Milling
and Grain Co., Ltd.
BY
BUTTE FIRE
Survivors    of
Fire Tell of
Speculator
Miners'
Fight for Life
fEDEMHOMST
Deputy Sheriff an I.W.W.—
Army Company All Members of I.W.W.
CHICAGO, IU., Aug. fi.—The tragedy
of the fire in the Speculator mine,
Butte, which was one of the principal
causes of the great strike in that camp
last summer, once more grimly overshadowed the courtroom in Chicago,
where 101 members of the I. W. W. are
on trial. Survivors of this appalling
disaster related in unstudied but forcefully effective words their own personal
experiences of this dread timo.
Marty Shea, a sturdy Irish miner,
took thc stand to tell of the hell of
smoke and flames in which he and 28
of Mb mates wero trapped for 36 hours.
The Widow Maker
Shea was describing the work he was
doing on the night of the flre and something of the grim humor of these meu
so inured to peril was Bhown when ho
Baid that he was using a "widow-
maker. ''
"What is a widow maker!" aBked
Vandervecr, chief counsel for defense.
A.—"Well, they call it that because
it is run by one man.''
Q.—"Well, it is run by one man!"
A.—"Yos, and it's not very Bafe for
one man to be working in those mines
alone!"
Later, Shea told the jury the Btory of
what he and his fellow workerB endured. The simple tale was so effective
that one can not do better than to
quote:
"I noticed smoke on the stope and
mouth," said Shea. "The Bmoke got
so thick, I couldn't seo the other men.
I got suspicious and went down the
drift. Then I met Stueben, the nipper
—he lost his life that night—and he
told me there was a fire in the shaft,
so we climbed up the manway 200 feet
to the 2400-foot level. There were 15
of us. On the 2400 level we mot 14
more men also running from the fire.
But the shaft being on firo we couldn 't
get out. So we went into a drift and
there we stayed 36 hours."
Q.—"How wide and how high is
drift!"
A.—"About six feet wide and eight
high."
Q.—What did you do in that drift!"
A.—'' Well, we put up a partition to
keep out the gas. We built it with odd
timber and our clothes, clay and everything we could find to pack it up
tight."
Q.—"And did you have any air in
this thing you bulkheaded out!"
A.—'' No air at all.''
Q.—"What beenme of the other men
on that level!"
A.—"They died."
Q.—'' What did you do in the
drift!"
A.—"Well, we had no air and no
water; and after 36 hours of it wo
couldn't stand the suffering any longer and we went out. We didn't know
whether the flre was out or not; we
had to take a chance on our lives. Only
15 of us were able to walk to the hospital."
Tbe Bulkhead of Death
The next witness, John Muzevich, a
Butte miner for fourteen years, confirmed Shea's account of the fire and
also testified to some interesting features regarding the construction of the
Speculator mine. It seems that there
were openings connecting the Speculator with the workings of the adjacent
mine, the High Ore. These connecting
doors, however, had been bulkheaded
with cement by the company and so
the way of escape was barred. Nineteen men were found by one of the
bulkheads, said Muzevich. They had
evidently run thero thinking to find
the way open to safety.
Q.—"How many men did you find
there, by the bulkhead!"
A.—"Niuetoen.   All dead."
Q.—"How were they when they were
found!"
A.—"Ah, those men—nobody could
look at them. It was very fow men
wc could get to go down to thoBe fellows 1 They couldn't stop the gas.
They worked with their hands. It was
in the dark, you know. They wero
scraping. Their fingers were all worn
out, working to savo themselves."
Q.—"Suppose thc door had been
opon, eould they huve got through!
A.—"Oh, yos.   If it was opon they
could have got through to High Oro."
Q.—"They could have got through
to. High Ore and saved their lives!"
A.—"Sure!"
And so was the greed for profit
shown to be the cause of this wholesale murder, for the widowing and
orphaning of innocents.
Joe Kennedy, ex-secretary of thc
Metal Mine Workers Union of Butte,
gave further ovidenco regarding tho
atrike, the unsavory activities of tho
gunmen nnd the abnormally high cost
of living in the camp.
Once a Deputy, Now an I. W. W.
George Taylor, for sixteen years
resident of Femwaad, Idaho, and
logger, described conditions in lumber
camps. His testimony tallied exactly
with that of all the lumberjacks who*
had preceded him; rotton bunkhouses,:
stale straw bunks, no bathing or laundry facilities—tho whole dismal list
of the brutal living conditions which
tho unorganized loggers had to endure,
waa once more reiterated. Then came
a surprise for the court:
Q.—"During the spring and Bummer
of 1917—during thc period of the lumber strike—what were you doing!"
A.—"I was a deputy sheriff."
Q.—"For what county!"
A.—"For  Benewah  County."
Q.—"What were your duties!"
A.—"To see (here wns no disturbance of any kind; to keep the peace."
Q.—"Hid you hnve a hard job!"
A.—"No, nir."
Q.—"Woro you around the strikers
and picket, camps?"
A.—"Yes, sir."
Q.—"Was    there    ever
turbance?"
A.—"No, sir."
Q.—"Did you evor   so
abused or threatened,   oi
The Socialist Position '
Editor B. O. Federationist: In a
sermon delivered by Bev. W. H. Wilson at Kitsilano on Sunday, August 4,
he strongly condemns the action of the
Trades Council executive for calling
the now famous protest holiday re the
Goodwin affair. He calls them self-
constituted leaders, quite oblivions of
the fact that they were regularly elected by the votes of the membership of
the various unions of tho oity.
He also indulged* in considerable
abuse of what he calls the anarchists
in the trades unions, but it is quite
obvious that he means the Socialists,
as it is a safe guess that there are not
more than a score of anarchists in the
city of Vancouver, and none of them
are in ofliciul positions. Now it seems
to me that such unfair criticism of
Labor and Socialism comos in very bad
taste from one, the memberB of whose
profession nro exempt by law from
military service, and whose chief contribution to the winning of the war
seems to consist of cheering on the
fighters and abusing the workers if
they see fit to relax their offorts for a
short space.
I have been a union man and a Socialist for many years, and havo nevor
been ashamed of it. Myself and brothers are working hard all the week, including Sundays, producing wheat and
copper for the Allies. Another brother,
a Socialist, lies in Flanders Fields.
Will Mr. Wilson, while he inBults
me and those of my politieal faith,
please toll me just how much he is
doing to help win the war.
The holiday was not called to aid
the enemy or injure the cause of tho
Allies, as Mr. Wilson and many others
seem to think, but to serve notice upon
the government that working men resent such needless tragedies as the
killing of Goodwin.
For we working men and Socialists
believe that had the men been offered
at least as much pay as they could
have made at home, and their dependents insured against the necessity
of accepting charity; in brief, had the
conditions of service been what they
should have been, there would have
been no need to impress any man, and
those who from any motives, conscientious or otherwise, did not wish to enlist, could have remained at home,
where they might have made good
workers, rather than the poor soldiers
thoy will bo.
Wc know that Goodwin waB not a
pro-German, a coward or slacker, but
that ho sincerely believed1, whether
rightly or wrongly, that the war is essentially a struggle for marketB between two groups of predatory capitalists
He believed that having spent the
best years of his life in teaching a
saner and happier way of life than
capitalist system offers, it was unjust
to compel him to participate in a war
which ho believed was the logical result of that system.
He believed that those who benefit
by and approve of that system should
do tho fighting and let the Socialists
alone.
Whether he was correct in his belief
or not is a question upon which even
the Socialists differ, but he and othors
who hold the same opinion should be
given at least as much tolerance as
those who from religious scruples refuse to engage in the shedding of blood
under any conditions.
But "alas for the rarity of Christian charity under the sun!" The returned soldierB disgraced and denied
tho democracy thoy profess to be fighting for when thoy won a cheap and
childish triumph by destroying union
property, overpowering a few Socialists, and forcing the flag against unwilling lips; but such actions will not
convert anyone and will be detested by
all fair-minded and honorable men.
WEBSTER ROGERS.
Phoenix, B. C.
Editor B. C. Federationist: When
writing from thiB burg last week it
waB never expected that such startling
incidents were about to follow, It will
be remembered that a splendid meeting
was held in the Miners' Hall. Brother
Naylor was kept busy at said meeting
placing the names of new members on
his memo book to later record them in
thc proper books, make out their due
cards, etc.
At the meeting nothing was said or
done in any way, shape or form that
could (by mc) even be "construed"
as in any way detracting from the win-
any
din-
any
any
beaten!"
A.—"No, sir."
Q.—"Was the strike still on when
you wero laid off as deputy!"
A.—"Yos, sir."
Q.—"Why were you laid off!"
A.—"Well,*the sheriff said he didn't
need mo any more, as there was nothing for me to dot There was no dis*
turbance of any kind."
Q.—"Did anybody every tfy to make
you join the I. W. W.!"
A.—"No, sir."
Q.—"Are you a member of the
I. W. W. now!"
A.—"Yes, sir."
Ira E. Worly, of Plentywood, Montana, testified that he had been farming all his life, had operated threshing machines and had employed I.W.W.
crows during harvest. He said he had
received as good service from them as
from any other workers. Questioned
as to the finding of rock or pitchforks
in machines, tho witness* stated that he
had nover seen or heard of such occurrences in hiB vicinity. Once his
machine had caught fire, but it waa
because of a hot box and sparks from
the engine. The prosecution did not
see fit to offer any cross-examination.
Wore I. W. W. Buttons ln France
Ed Williams, a colored longshoreman,
mounted the stand clad in the khnki
uniform of a foreman in a labor company attached to the Quartermaster's
Department of the United States
Army. He said that he was a member
of the I. W. W.
"Is that your button!" nsked Van-
derveor, pointing to the brenst of Williams'   khaki   shirt.
"Sure, sir!" answered the witness.
"I always wear it. I wore it in
France I"
Williams is now stntioned at Baltimore, ho said, in charge of a company
of mon, all enrolled in tho Federal service, handling urmy supplies.
"How many men are in your company?" asked Vanderveer.
".Seventy-four," Baid the witness.
'' And how many of them are
I. W. W.'s!"
'' Seventy-four!'' replied Williams,
blithely.
the-war slogan. We naturally assume
after reading the great edicts of the
Minister of Labor and others that our
loyalty and patriotism will not be questioned merely because we decided to
organize; wore especially when we organize into the U. M. W. of A,, a
union that has backed the war policy
of President Wilson equal to, if not
better, than any other organization.
The degree of patriotism of our employers is not a question for ub to determine, but we somehow have a
thought that our organizing efforts are
not hailed with delight in coal company circles, notwithstanding the unquestionable loyalty of the United
Mine Workers of America.
Be said things as they may, wo find
that on Wednesday laBt, Btrangers appeared in our midst. During the evening Joe Naylor walked around the
town dispensing his stock of union
cards to their respective owners as he
dropped across them. Said strangers
and Joe passed each other a fow times,
yet for reasons not for us to explain it
was pretty well dark when our strangers got around Joe and placed him un*
der arrest. The charge or reading of
thc warrant was evidently memorized,
aB it needed extraordinary eyesight to
read at that time. Naylor asked to be
escorted to his room, hiB request boing
denied. (Had it been General Mannger Graham the same thing might have
happened.) Wore it not for an
quniutanco passing by, it might have
been thought for a time that Joe had
beon spirited away. He w«b taken off
to Courtenay. Then we learn the
strangers went out to Bevan and arrested another brother named David
Aiken. When word got around the
camp as to what had happened, a fow
friends got together, first walking
down to Joe's room, thinking possibly
he would be there with tho police, i
However, as stated, Joe was gone, but \
some of the police were around examining his quarters. Evidently those
things qonsidered most useful wore
taken along. At Courtenay when some
friends got there, the authorities were
asked tbe nature of tho charge or
charges." The answor conveyed in rich
sarcastic tone could only have been
given for the purpose of inviting the
poor old indiscreet working plugs of
miners to suy something in return.
However, they conducted themselves
possibly different to what was expected. Then certain union property that
Naylor had in Mb possession was applied for on behalf of thc local union,
but favors were taboo that night at
Courtenay Bail was next spoken of,
but this had to be left until next day.
The follwing day all wo learnt was
that Naylor and Aiken were remanded
until next day for hearing. The preliminary hearing takes place and we
flnd that tho brothers have to appear at
somo higher court, some later date.
From what we learn no evidence was
adduced to substantiate thc charges,
but the case goes on.
A moeting waB held in tho Minera'
Hall last night. Again thc membership
acted as law-abiding citizens. Thc
spirit permcatiug those present was
the spirit of justico in its noblest and
broadest sense. It was felt that the
brothers imprisoned were entitled as
Britishers to a little of that British
fair play that we more often hoar of
than see. It was felt that Organized
Labor must see that Naylor and Aiken
get a square deal. They realize the
power of the courts. They also made
it plaiu that thero is no idea of defending criminals. But, inasmuch as it is
understood a man is innocent until
proven guilty, it was felt neceBsary
that Organized Labor rally to tho defence. Let ub be clear. We mean by
defence the best legal talent procurable
in order that we may satisfy ourselves
that we have done our duty by our
brothers, in fact what we should expect to be done by us,
A committee waB formed with s
view to carrying out the full intent of
tho meeting. The Vancouver World
stated last week that Naylor was not
identified with the Labor Movemont.
To this we Bay that it is in keeping
with many other statements made by
the World. It may be interesting to
add, though, that despite the cry re
shortage of labor, Naylor has been repeatedly refused work. There are
quite a number of people here who feel
that Joe's incarceration has nothing to
do with the question of assisting draft
evaders, but rather his untiring efforts
in incessantly striviug to build up powerful industrial and political organizations.   .
There are numbers who feel that
Aiken is a victim of circumstances; in
other words camouflage to hide the real
purpose of Naylor'b arrest.
This may be all wrong, but it is certainly the popular opinion in many
quarters here. It will bo useless saying much more from hero at this time.
By the time you go to press other details may bc general knowledge and
Brothers Naylor and Aiken will be out
on bail.
We learned unofficially yesterday
that interested parties in Vancouver
had succeeded, in getting the bail REDUCED to $10,000. Don't laugh—wo
mean it—some reduction. We trust
the miners of District 18 will notice
this acrawl, as we believe our efforts
at organizing Vancouver Island will be
met with much sinister and subtle
opposition. Western Fuel and other
picnics will be naught to what may
follow when our friends the coal companies are prevented from handing
out ice cream and candy by a demand
for payment for all coal gotten and
dead work equal to what our brothers
receive in the State of Washington.
Ib not charity a despicable substitute for justice! And are not sports
and picnics poor makeshifts for the
work that is now being dono for nothing, especially at Nanaimo! Cumberland would liko you to get a move on.
Thc forces on thc Island must needs
move togother to be effective.
"SKOOKUM."
Cumberland, Aug. 19, 1918.
125 Boys' English Tweed Suits; Reg. $15 for $9.45
This is a chance for you to save $5.00 on a suit, something
worth while in these days of high prices. 125 suits in English
tweeds and worsteds, in neat patterns of dark grey and brown,
grey stripes and neat overchecks; also a large selection in
fancy mixed tweeds. These suits are made in the popular
Norfolk, belter and pinchback models. Sizes 26 to 35. Regular $15.00 for $9,45
97 Boys' Tweed Suits to Sell at $7.45
A special purchase of good tweed suits of dependable quality
iu dressy shades of brown and grey, small checks, stripes and
mixed patterns. Theee suits are made in the Norfolk and
pinchback styles, and have the best of linings and trimmings,
and are smartly tailored in every detail. Sizes 27 to 35. Beg.
value $12.50 for $7.45
10 Dozen Boys' Jerseys; Reg;, $2 for $1.29
Boys' fine worsted jerseys in medium weight; made with nicely fitting collor and cuffs, haB button shoulder, and is an ideal
jersey for school wear. Comes in navy, brown, grey, maroon
and cadet.   All sizes 22 to 32 $1.29
Boys' Sport Shirts
SUMMER JERSEYS—Lightweight cotton, in navy with red or
pale blue trimmings, white trimmer cardinal, All sizes from
20 to 32 :    501
Things Boys Want
Fre-Nek style, with large turndown collars; just like the men
wore last season. Boys are just crazy to wear them. Plain
and white duck, also innumerable nifty stripe patterns. The
prices are 85-# and $1.00
Boys' Dept., First Floor, East Wing.
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
BLIDELL, La.—Colored stationery
firemen have organized and afflliated
■with the International Brotherhood of
Stationery Firemen.
JEROME, Ariz.—Hywel Davies, representing the United States department of labor, has ruled that the wage
of copper miners in this diatrict shall
be increased 75 cents a day. Ho also
ordors a reduction in rents of eompany-
owned houses and light and water
rates.
If the capitalist press in Vancouver
had to publish the truth by accident,
just once, the population of the city
would die from shock. If the pastorB
of the high and of the low had the
coruoge to tell their congregations what
their founder taught the bloodthirsty
Bible Stfudents would not be isolated.
CAMBIE TAILORS AND
CLEANERS
.Ostlers   in   New   uid   Second-hand
Clotting.
Large  assortment of Men's   Second-
hand Olothing, good as new.
308 CAMBIE BTBEET
T.B, CUTHBERTSON &CO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitters
680 OranTilh Stmt
ait Hastings Stmt Wait
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Opposite Labor Taoplt
VAMCOUVBB. B. O.
—Head^uartero for Labor Men—
itoe—75e ud (1.00 par -itf*
$4.00 per week and up.
Oafa at Baaanattu Batu
TBADES ANO LABOR COUNCIL—MEETS
first and third Thursdays. Executive
board: President, E. Winch; vice-president, J. Kavanagh; aeoretary and busineu
agent, V. B. Midgloy; treasurer, F. Knowlea;
sergeant-at-arme, J. F. Poole; trnateea, J.
*■" MoVety J. HubbJe, A. J. Crawford, W.
Prltchard.	
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES  COUNCIL—
Meeta aeoond Monday ia tke month. Preal*
dent,  Geo. Bartley;  iecretary,  B,  H.  Nee*
landa, P.O. Boi w,	
| JOURNEYMEN       BARBERS       INTERNA-
1     tional Union of America, Looal No. 120—
!Moots aecond and fourth Tuesdays In the
month, Boom 206, Labor Temple. President,
C. E. Herrltt; secretary, S. li. Grant, 830
Cambie Street. 
BBOTBJGBaUUD Of CARPENTERS, LOCAL
No. 61?—MeeU every aeoond and fourth
Monday evening, 8 p-jn,, Labor Temple.
President, B. W. Hetley, phone Fair. 2992L;
flnanolal secretary, G. Thom: recording aeo-
I retary, J. B. Campbell; business agent,
Walter Thomaa, Boom 200, Labor Templo,
Phono   Sey.  7485,
BAGGAGE
Delivered to and from all trains,
boatB, hotels and residences
FURNITURE
Piano Moving
Pbone ui day or Bight
The Great Northern
Transfer Co.
Uj. IM-M
Union Station
BEBT
COAL
Mined oa Paelfle Oowt
WOOD
McNeill, Welch I
Wilsan, Ltd.
toll. MOO        1629 Main Staeot
VANCOUVER UNIONS
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Servioe
1049 OEOBOIA BTBBBT
Ose Block weit of Court Honn.
Die of Modern Chapel tnd
Funeral Parlor, free to all
Patroni.
Telephone Bejrmom liU
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces a Pine Dreamy Lather
and Bom Not Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Maauf actor ed ln BrltlBh Ootnmbla
BROTHERHOOD    OF    BOILEB    MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—Meeta
overy Monday, 6 p,m. Prealdeat, M. A. Mo-
Eachorn, 1248 Alberni St.; secretary-treasurer, Angus Fraier, 1151 Howe St.; business
agent, L. Cummins, Room 212 Labor Temple.
I HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
| Loal 28—Meets every first Wednesday in
tho month at 2.30 p.m, and overy third
Wednesday in the month at 0.80 p.m. President, Harry Wood; secretary and business
agent, W. Mackenzie, Room 209 Labor Temple. Pbone Sey. 1681. Offloe houra: 11 to
noon;  2  to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating   Englneera,   Local    No.    620—
Moots overy Monday, 7.30 p.m., Labor
, Temple. President, J. B. Flynn, 810 Moodle
j street,  New Westminster;  vice-president, D.
Hodges;   (secretary- treasurer    and    business
agont,  W. A. Aleiender, Boom 218, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. 7496.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meets in Room 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preaident, D. W.
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
secretary, W, Foulkes, Labor Temple; financial secretary and buslnesi agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 207. Labor Temple; assist-
ant aeeretary, F. R. Burrows.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Local 8852—Office and hall, 804
Pender Street West. Meeta every Friday.
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman;
business agent, A. Bead.	
I. L. A., LOOAL 88-62, AUXILIARY—
(Marine Warehousemen and Freight
Handlers). Headquarters, 162 Cordova Eut,
.Meets flrst and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary and business agent, E. Winch.
AMALOAMATED   MEAT   CUTTERS   AMD
Butcher Workmen's Unloa, No. 048—MeeU
firat and third Tuesdays of each month,
.Labor Temple, 8 p. m.   President, Ohaa. P.
Hugglns; recording seoretary, J. Sommerai
I financial secretary and business agent, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer atreet.	
PATTEBN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vaneonver and vicinity)—
Branoh meets second and fourth Mondaya,
Boom 204, Labor Temple. President, J,
Banfortb, Euclid Ave,, Colllngwood Eaat;
finanoial aeoretary and business agent, H. 8.
Nlghtscales, 276—66th Ave East, South Vancouver; recording eecretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Grey road, Phone Bay*
view 2979L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, FASTENERS AND
Riggers, I. L. A., Looal Unloa 88A, Series
5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
Sully; financial seoretary, M. A. Phelps;
; business agent and corresponding aeoretary,
W. Lee. Office, Room 219-220, Labor
Temple.
STBEET AND ELECTRIC BAILWAY EM-
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—MeeU
Labor Temple, aeoond aaa foarth Wedneadaya at 8 p.m. Prosldent, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; reeordlng aecreUry ,A, V. Lofting, 3661 Trinity atreet.
Phone High. 168B; flnanolal seeretary ana
business agent, Fred, A. Hoover: 2409 Clark
drive, office oorner Prior and Main atreeU.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday in each montb, 9 p.m. Preaident, A. R. Gatenby; vice-president, W,
Larson; reoording secreUry, w. W. Hocken,
I Boi 60S; flnanolal secreUry, T. Wood, P.O.
Box 608.
I GENERAL TEAMSTERS AMD CHAUF-
I fours Union, Local So. 666—MeeU every
2nd and 4th Wedneadaya 8 p.m. President,
W. M. Brown; business agent, J. F. Poole,
245— 19th Ave. East. Phene Fair. 2109X.
Financial aeeretary, Bert Showier, 1120
Robson St. Phone Sey. 6679. Ofllce, 567
Homer St.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNXOM, Mo. 226—MeeU
lut Sunday of eaoh month al 9 p.m.  Pre*
sident, R. Marshall; vloe-presUsnt, W. B,
Jordan; seereUry-treuorer, B. B. Neelanda, ■
i Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS |
B. O. FEDERATION OF LABOR—MeeU la
annual eonvention in January.    Exeeatlvo
offlcors, 1918-19: Prealdeat, Duncan McOal- t
lum,  Labor Temple, Vanconver;  vlee-preal- 1
dents—Vancouver    Island,    Waiter    Head, i
South Wellington; Vlotoria, J. Taylor; Princa j
Rupert,   W.   E.  Thompson;   Vanoouver,   B.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Weatmlnstor, P. |
Peebles;   West   Kootenay,   Manna   Martin, |
Nelson; Crows Nest Pus, W. A, Sherman,
Fernie.    Secret ary-treasurer, A.    6.    Wells, ■
Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir atreet, Van* 1
couver, B. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. 0,
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AMD
Labor Council—Meets first and third Wed- I
nosilays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North I
Park street, at 6 p.m. President, B. Sim- '
mons; vice-president, T. Dooley; secretary- J
treasurer, Christian Sivcrta, P. 0. Box 802.
Victoria, li. Q. ^
SOPTH WBLLPrOTOW. V. I,
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. of A.—
Meots flrst Sunday in every month 8 p.m.,
Richards Hall, President, Jas. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parker; recording
secrotary, Jas. Fearon; financial sect e tary, 1
William MacDonald; treuuror, J. H. Richardson.
PBOIOB BPPBRT,  B.   o.
PRINCE  RWPERT  TRADES  AND  LABOR
Ownell-MeeU  secend  and  f«rUflfiS
days of eaeh month, In Carpentera' hall
President, S. p. Macdonald; eecretarr W I
Thompson, Box 278, Princi HoperVk 0, FRIDAY...
..August 23, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Our Men's Furnishings Department
Will always give you the best value for your money. You will
always find the best selections in all kinds of MEN'S FUB-
NISHINGS at the lowest possible prices. We have always
something new to show you. Come in and see us. A few of
our specials follow:
HEN'S SHIBTS, $1.50
"Arrow," Tooke or Regal Shirts, negligee, with soft or stiff
cuffs, assorted sleeve lengths, coat cut, shirts that fit, of unequalled values in smart color combinations.   Fanoy stripes
or white with plain self stripe and blue chambray.     All
sizes, 14 to 18.   Price, eaoh 81.50
HEN'S UNDEBWEAB
"Penman's"  Preferred—In a high-class natural superfine
wool, mixture j suitable for fall wear, in Shirts, Drawers and
Combinations.   All sizes, 34 to 44.   Price, garment....81.75
Combinations, per suit ~ $3.50
HEN'S PTJAHAS
Canadian Flannelette, of a nice soft texture, in neat, light-
colored assorted stripes, with military collar and silk frog-
fasteners.   Excellent values, all sizes.   Price, each....$1.75
WOEK SHIBTS
Blue Chambrays, black or black and white stripe, drills, full-
fitting, with collar attached and breast pocket.   All sizes.
Price, each 91.75
A Case of Futile and Frantic Imagination
[By Nemesis]
jij* i Granville and Georgia Streets
CANADA FOOD BOAED LICENSES:  5-1482, 84500, 10-4435, 11-163
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1869
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets .....$360,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British Wert
Indies.
Also branches in London, England, New York Oity and Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branches in Vancourer:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street,
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vanoouver, New Westminster and 27 other points
in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
Ono dollar opens an account, on which interest is paid half-yearly at
current rates. 	
THOS. PEACOCK, O. W. FRAZEE, Vancouver,
Manager Vancouvtr Branch Supervisor for B.O.
Dental Service
During Evening Hours
FOR  the  accommodation of thoso who can not conveniently
have attention given thoir teeth during tho day, my offico
will hereafter be open on Tueaday  and  Friday  evenings
until 8 o'clock.
AS a dental expert of long oxperienco and wide practice in
all forms of dentistry, my advico will be of value to you
and probably save you trouble in the future. Feel free to
consult me on any question connected with the care or condition
of your teeth.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orovm and Bridge IpedaUM
2 Hastings Street West, Oor. Seymour
Offlce Open Dally Until 6 p.m.
IU, Dm, taken II mom-
wry;   ten-feu   ■pisrsntsss
linn.
PHONE SET. 3331
EnmlutloM  nude  os
phone appointments.
[PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Taste is the Test
Of the Drinks that are Best
—BUT THE PRODUCTS OF THE—
-VANCOUVER BREWERIES, LTD.-
Because tbey an equal or tetter than any other similar products, lot
tbem com* from when tbey may
-ASK FOR-
Cascade Beer
THE BEER "WITHOUT A PEEK
Alexandra Stout
THE DBTNK THAT SATISFIES
55* Soda Water
FULL LINE, PURE FBUIT FLAVORS
Vancouver Breweries, Limited
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Jericho Tea Gardens
Finest Bathing Beach around Vancouver—four
minutes' walk from end of 4th Ave. West car lines.
Good road right to beach.
Bath Houses and Boating
Special Accommodation for Picnic Parties
BILL AMOS, Proprietor
Member of Local 2617
A. 8. U. B. Carpenters
From the time our earth was in the
form of incandescent gaseB to the
tftne when it had solidified and the
temperature had dropped till it was
possible for the appearance of life
thereon what just took place during
those uncounted ages is a matter of
mere speculation, analogous reasoning
and fermentation of the imagination.
From the appearance of Ufe, probably aB microscopic organisms, till we
have any records of man as the finished animal as we commonly but I hope
wrongfully regard him today, occupied
another long, unreokonable age of slow,
painful evolution. I
, The first records of man, generally
described as the unwritten period of
his history, has given us some Intensely interesting material on which has
been built up a fairly accurate account
of bis physical condition and mental
outlook through another long but lesser
period of itme. This material consisted, of course, in the ancient caves unearthed at various times and the rude
implements found in those primitive
dwellings.
With Buch material before ub it is
not a very difficult task of the imagination to build up a picture presenting a fairly reliable idea of the ways
of life of that early man-animal.
When wo come to written history
and try to form an accurate picture of
man's doings through the centuries we
are landed at once into the state of
mind of a person befogged in an unknown neighborhood. If you want to
know what I mean, obtain two so-called standard histories, say of the Tudor
Period—one written for the FroteBtant
student and the other for tbe Roman
Catholic, and then proceed to form an
opinion of who were the ruling villains
of that period of history.
Of course the trouble is that man
has not yet developed into a quite accurate animal but colors his written
and verbal pictures to please himself,
or in the case of the historian, to please
his masters.
You know yourself how your habit
of politeness has been sorely tried and
brought to the breaking point by some
friend describing his triumphs of such
an unimportant event as a holiday fishing excursion or the growing of a vegetable marrow, and there you have the
same human trait at work that colored
in varying tints tho written pictures
of one and the same historical period.
In presenting the following bit of
history to your notice I will leave it
entirely to you to judge for yourself, if
in tho capacity of historian I have
been the victim of the same deplorable
human weakness as the one under discussion.
In the year A.D. 1950 the world has
become possessed by greed of such intensity that it had developed into a
species of rabid, uncontrollable insanity, so that the many, lofty ideals once
cherished by the human race which
niight have resulted in a very high
state of moral and mental development,
had given place to a low and crafty
ambition to possess money. This ambition pursued with the madman's intensity of cunning and cruelty had converted the life of man on this globe into
a mere sordid, soul-destroying strife,
and a low animal ferocity had taken
the place of those feelings of humanity, such as sympathy and compassion,
which had once more distinguished man
from tho wild beasts.
Such a state of things could only,
by the working of inexorable moral
law, have but one ending—chaotic destruction and wholesale extermination.
Late in the summer of that memorable
year the inevitable climax was reached
and the reign of chaos ahd destruction
arrived.
Ono nation more ferociously greed-
possessed and also less subject to moral
restraint even than the others and
burning to tako possession of tne accumulated wealth of tho earth, suddenly launched her long prepared
forces upon the rest of the world and
thus commenced the beginning of the
end of tha,t long reign of greed and
selfishness, which had debased the soul
of man through many weary centuries.
Tho surrounding nations responding
to the cry of their distressed rulers,
gallantly rose in patriotic anger and
flocked to the training camps, and soon
a goodly fairy was in the field to stem
the almost overwhelming tide .of those
invading monsters, and those long years
of blood and misery began.
It is not my intention to give in detail any account of that terrific struggle nor of the sufferings endured in
most of the warring countries through
the inhuman conduct of a certain section of thoso in authority who found
in thiB cataclysm a chance of still
further enriching themselves at the expense of their fellow countrymen. Incredible as this may appear to the ordinary mind of today, yet it established on clear proof that such inhuman
profiteering actually took place.
Bather it is my intention to place
on record the manner in which one of
tho warring nations acted during that
time of world stress and trouble.
At the beginning of the struggle
there were signs that in this country
also (whioh wo will call Utopia) there
were individuals base enough to turn
the distresses of their countrymen to
their own advantage.
But Utopia was ruled by a man of
extraordinary intellect and force of
charactor and with a heart of corresponding greatness and, seeing how
thingB were going, he called a meeting
of his whole cabinet together with a
representative gathering of all sections
of tho nation und thus ho addresBod
them:—
"Fellow countrymen. I have called
you together at this supreme crisis in
tho life of our beloved country to give
you an account of the policy I intend
to pursue and take counsel with you
thereon, that together we may improve
on it and the better carry out its provisions.
"The very existence of the great
Empire to which we belong is threatened by a savage and merciless onemy.
"Our woalth and all our possessions
—our hearths and homes—the honor of
our wives and daughters and sisters—
all indoed that wc possess and cherish
are at stake, and realizing this, our
young men have gathered in their tons
of thousands and have gono forth to
battlo on their behalf. Thoy have loft
wives and children, swoothearts nnd
aged mothers and fathors iu our care.
"They will be victorious and to
them alone shall we owe the safety of
all those things which aro our hopo
and our very lives.
"This is but a simple statement of
fuel, and knowing ihis, I will now outline in brief tho policy I intend tn
pursue, and if thero be a mnjority of
this meeting that disagrees with that
"policy then I will retire immediately
into private life and let another take
the reins of state; but if a majority of
you endorse that policy, then I will
vigorously and undeviatingly pursue it
to the end.
"Our young men bave gone forth
voluntarily, knowing well the awful
nature of the work before them, and
I am resolved that no stint of tho
wealth whieh they are at terrible risk
preserving for us, shall be practised.
"If need be the whole of that I
wealth shall be confiscated rather than
one of these young men shall receive
on his return shabby treatment at our
hands.
"The dependents of our young saviors shall be honored above all citizens
remaining in our country and a generous allowance be made them.
"That allowance shall not be doled
out to them aB charities are doled
through the medium of any society by
which small-minded men or women
shall have an opportunity of exercising and exhibiting their little miserable authority, .but it shall be sent
straight from our national exchequer
and on no excuse whatever shall that
allowance be stopped or decreased, for
let it be well understood that the said
allowance is theirs by right and not by
privilege.
i'' When our crippled and wounded
men are sent back to us it shall be
our sacred duty to receive them with
open arms of gratitude and to succor
them if need be to the end of their
lives and succor them lovingly and
generously.
"This, gentlemen, is to be no mere
verbal responsibility, for if it shall be
necessary the bulk of our national
wealth saved by them shall be devoted
to this end.
"During the period of this terrible
struggle no individual will be allowed
to make more profit,from his business
or labor than will keep in tolerable
comfort himself and dependents. This
must be inexorably enforced for tbe
men who are giving their lives and
limbs in our service are doing so for
a lesser reward than that.
"God help any individual found
guilty of breaking this clause, for he
will be, after proof.of his crime has
been produced, igbominiously shot.
"Subject to these rulings the busl'
ness of the country will proceed as
usual; all profits above those mentioned and which will be determined by
the government (and no individual, be
ho rich or poor, great or small, Bhall
fare bettor than his neighbor while
this war, on which so much bangs, shall
last) will be forwarded to the national
exchequer.
"No minister of any religious denomination whatsoever shall engage in
the war or persuade any other person
to do so, for, after teaching and
preaching peace all his life, he can not
logically do it, even under the present
circumstances.
"If he should turn now and preach
war he will Iobs the confidence of the
thoughtful as putting man's neessities
before God's word.
"Whatever may befall us, no law
shall be enacted or put into force which
IN
AT PRICE OF RICE
will filch from the people one tittle
of the liberty for which their forefathers fought and died. They who
fight for us must fight of their own
free will and the glory of their so
ding shall live with them through life
and sanctify their names for ever in
tho history of their race,
"Those aro the main provisions of
my policy, the vigorous enforcement
of which I pledge my sacrod word to
you and to the nation and may God
bo with us in thiB our day of trial.
"It is for you now, my countrymen,
to say yea or nay to my proposals."
Ab this notable man sat down a
mighty shout of approval burst forth'
from every one of his audience and
gave unanimous sanction to his policy.
That policy was vigorously and undeviatingly carried out as he had
promised, right up to the end of the
world struggle, which ended in a great
and glorious victory for right and freedom.
The spirit of this remarkable leader
permeated the whole of the nation
from that time forward ,as the following incident will show, and I could, had
I tho time and space, enumerate many
such incidents.
The exigencies of that terrible war
called for increased efforts in the building of ships, and many fine vessels
were sent from Utopia to engage in
the world struggle.
On the occasion of the launching of
the flrst boat it was proposed to ask a
lady of high social standing to assist
at the ec : ■lnny.
The chairman of the great shipbuilding company instantly arose and in the
following words proposed an amendment*
If Strikes Here Are Result
of German Money What
Must It Be in Japan
It would appear that while the staple
diet of the Japanese is rice, that even
this humble commodity has not been
overlooked by old H. O. of L. and the
following dispatches as to the trouble
in Japan caused by the inflated prices
of the commodity in question shows
that they take active steps in the Bast,
as well as in the West, when the standard of living, is reduced.
An imperial ordnance, issued on Friday, Aug. 16 authorizes the government
to requisition aU stocks of rice. The
rice will be put on the market.
The newspapers have been prohibited
from printing reports of the progress
of tho rice riots and there is an absence
of news from the provinces. A statement issued by Minister of Interior Mi-
zuno says that the governors have assured the ministry that the disorders
are abating steadily. The organization
of proprietors and editors of newspapers has demanded a cancellation of the
censorship order. The constitutional
party declares that the order of the
government is harmful because it suppresses news of a national social movement.
It is the general impression here that
the rico question has become political.
A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph from Tientsin, to London, dated
Friday, says:
Tho Japanese rice riots are proving
the worst outbreak against the constituted authority witnessed in many
years, The rioters are resorting to acts
of violence, such as the use of dynamite
and incendiarism,"
The Associated Press correspondent at Tokio says that troops have
been called out in nearly every important city in Japan. Even the naval station at Maizura is affected by the unrest.
At Nagoya, noted for its manufactures of porcelain, a mob estimated at
30,000 persons rioted.
At several places the soldiers fired on
the disturbers. At Kobe the soldiers
and police also were obliged to use sabres and bayonets.
There was serious rioting in Tokio
Wednesday night, Mobs attacked and
damaged property in the business and
theatre districts.
The rioters also entered and pillaged
houses in Asakusa, the great recreation
resort of the middle and lower classes.
A number of the disturbers were
wounded by the police.
Mobs at Osaka pillaged grocery, dry
goods stores and food depots and set
fire to theatres and other buildings. The
military forces called out were attacked.
Street railways have suspended operations at night and the governor has forbidden tho people to be on the streetB
after dark.
At Maizura, where 2000 workmen
from the naval arsenal joined the populace in sacking rice stores, many persons were injured in a fight with tho
police.
In view of the large amount of
money that the Germans havo distributed ia this province and elsewhero
whoro strikes have occurred, vico press
notices, we aro wondering if there are
nny Gorman agents in Japnn, and if tho
pross of that country has discovered
thom, for whilo the press in this country has ofton stated that German in-
nuances are at work, especially during
any labor dispute, thoy have never
proved thoir point, but the workers in
this country havo nover taken the stops
taken by their Japanese brethren, and
so we must cme to the conclusion that
if German agents have caused tho
strikes hero, that Japan must bo full of
German agents and money.
Gentlemen, with your permission I
bog to submit the following amendment;
"I propose that we ask a wife or a
daughter of ono of the laborers to porform the ceremony."
A fool in the audience laughed.
"You laugh," proceeded the chairman.   "Whyt"
"Do we not owe all to our workmen—not only our ships, but our homes,
our clothing and our food? Why, then,
would you deny this trifling honor to
a workman's wife or daughter?''
Thore was no reply to this direct
question, and his amendment was car
lied amid a scene of groat enthusiasm,
for after all a generous thought finds a
rcudy response in the human hoart j:
which lies th0 hope for thc world'
future.
I have utilized the spaco at
maud.
my com-
ould furnish you with
any more notable examples of how thut
remarkable statesan'B wishes were earriod out to the letter. I can only now
loave this veracious bit of histo.-y to
your comments, which may be favorable or the reverse, according to the
trained or untrained mental
you may possess.
Tho
Union,
oapacity
British     Transport     Workers
at its recent convention, went
on record as demanding that parliament
flHtnhltot.   u   ,|CW  government   depart-
which  the  government  and
establish
ment, _   „-......mum  mm
Lnbor shall be equally represented, for
the purposo of taking over all menns of
trnnsportntiun on land, on water or in
tho uir and handling all problems connected therewith. It was pointed out
that when the government nationalizes
all transportation and oporates thc
same, there will bo no employing class
to be represented—no olher dlemonla
except the Btate nnd Labor.
Higher Fares Found to Bel
Unnecessary by Seattle
Superintendent
That no increase in the five-cent
faro now charged on tho i'uget Sound
Traction, Light & Power Company's
cars is necessary to enable tho company to provide adequate transportation service for the public und fair
conditions to its employees, iB the judgment of Thomas F. Murphino, superintendent of city public utilities, in hiB
report to tho mayor after an audit of
tho company's books during the lust
month.
Private Ownership Expensive
Mr. Murphino said that tho company,
owning approximately $60,000,000
worth of property and doing about $7,-
000,000 yearly business, costs for managerial expenses about ■$200,000 yearly,
while the city of Seattle, representing
approximately one-half billion dollars'
worth of property, including $75,000,-
000 of city-owned proporty, and doing
approximately $10,500,000 yearly business, costs for managerial expenses
approximately $13,000 yonriy, und the
city engages in a far greator number
of activities thnn is contemplated by
any privately owned business, to wit:
Health and sanitation, police and tire
protection, parks and libraries.
Report on tho investignti a   of  the
company's books, authorized under an
agropmont by tho   traction
company
aud the city council, explains thai by
reducing the cost of management, the
company may, by the city allowing
$400,000 of its obligations to bo deferred until after tho war, givo an adequate servico without nn increnso of
fares.
Tho Dock Workors and Warehouse'
men's local of thc I. L. A. in Seattle
lias amalgamated with the Riggers and
Stevedores' Union uf tho Same international,
CHICAGO.—Tho membership of the
Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of America has jumped
from 0,500, in August of last yenr, lo
70,000. Lust year Ihis onion's treasury contained $840, with (Tumorous liabilities, Cash on hand todny totals
$00,000, with nil debts paid,
WASHINGTON.—Dttrlng Juno $S,«
348,420 was lent to fanners of this
country by the fodoral Innd banks, On
July 1 the total amount ol' mortgage
loans placed since the establishment of
these bunks was $109,517,808. The
Spokane district leads with $17,000,655.
PAGE SEVEN
The Great Bell
Art Piano Tone
All pianos are warranted, as a role the cheaper the longer the
guarantee.
It is the Durable Lasting Qualities of the TONE, established
by a record of many years' usage that is valuable, which
should bo considered by Piano Buyers. We have proof of thia
in some .
2,000 Bell Art Pianos
in use in B. C. for the past 25 years and-not one single failure.
We have never heard a tinny pan tone in a Bell Piano. Their
construction is so different from the ordinary, which makes
the BELL ABT PIANO a superior instrument.
We now have a Bell Piano 16 yean old in our warerooms, the
tone of which is beautiful, sweet, pure, mellow and rich, combined with great power.  This is only a sample of many,  It ia
Quality Pianos like this that we recommend.
We being practical piano tuners, and thoroughly acquainted
with piano construction, make our house  a safe house to
patronise.   Tour children, your home, are worthy of the best.
Let it be a BELL ABT PIANO.   Insist on having a BELL,
whioh has valuable patented improvements that cannot be obtained in any other piano.
Liberal terms, if desired, anywhere in B. C.
The Montelius Piano House
LIMITED
624-526-528 OBANVILLE STBEET
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
AU That the Law WiU Allow
Wo Deierre Trada Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordora St. West, or 622 Pender West
Canadian Northern Railway
T*ANSOONTINBNTAL
Lowest Possible Passenger Fares
—to—
BABTBBN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendant!
Travel Comfort
Coniult Our Noarest Agent or Write
DISTBIOT FASSSmm AOBHT, SOS HABTINaS W, VANOOUVBB
Telephono Sermonr MU
SAVANNAH. Ga.—Machinists, boilermakers and. blacksmiths have established the eight-hour day and secured
double time for overtime, improved
working condltlona and a 73-cent minimum.
A beautiful young lady stenographer
was fervently saying her prayers before
retiring for the night whon tho telephone bell suddenly rang. Sho lifted
her bead and raised her eyes besoech*
ingly toward heaven and pathetically
murmured, "Excuse me a moment."
Force of habit, force of habit,
AM8TBEDAM.—A deputation representing 200,000 stato employees has
presented a demand to tbe Austrian
government for a 50 per cent, increase
in the presont war bonus. This demand is based on tho claim that the
cost of living in 1918 is from 100 to
300 per cent, higher thnn in 1917.
'TheHome of Good Shoes'
CNARDSONS
649 Hastings. W.   near Granville.
Two Remarkable Values
in Men's Boots-
A Work Boot for $5
A work boot that will instantly appeal to
the man who is looking for a hard-wearing
boot at a reasonable price. Blucher cut,
heavy calfskin upper, double sole, sewn and
pegged; heavy shank and leather heel.
A Dress Boot for $6.45
This smart English last is the season's most
popular model. The Malay brown calfskin
upper, long, recede toe with Neolin sole
and rubber heel makes a very comfortable,
pleasing boot.   Try it on.
I
tt
Where Values Tell" PAGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
PBIDAY...  August 23, 1918
The Pioneer Union Store
Claman's
Limited
163° HASTINGS STREET WEST
"Home of Hart Schaffner * Marx Clothes"
Young Mens'
"First
Long
Trouser"
SUITS
$15 to $30
New Fall Styles
The models are smart,
full of dash; they bring
out the splendid physique of active young
fellows.
The fabrics are of fee quality
nnd the patterns are Just great,
and our guarantee of satisfaction
protectB you.
Sunday Evening Gathering
of Labor Party Continues to Grow
EVEEETT, Wash.—The organization of a Shipyard Laborers, Riggers
and Fasteners Union nt Everett, completed by President C. B. Young Wednesday, gives the Pacific Coast district
21 unions. Two unions have recently
.been organized at San Pedro, Cal.; one
at San Diego and one at Tillamook,
Ore. The Shipyard Laborers, Biggore
and Fasteners constitute District 38-A
of tbe International Longshoremen's
Association.
A numbor of women aro taking the
places of men ae "trouble shooters"
for the Kansas City tolephono companies. They are employed in the equipment  and  testing departments   after
having been graduated from switchboard operating, and are said to be
quite capable of taming cranky connections and of repairing cords and
insulation.
"Stealing water" is a queer charge
for a farmer to hove to face, but there
are two such cases before the courts
of Lethbridge. Landowners of tbe
Coaldale irrigation area are accused
of diverting irrigation, one having enticed a stream from a company's ditch
and the other having taken it, in turn,
from his.
Patronize B. 0. Federationiot adver
tisers and tell them why you do bo.
Exceptional Values
In Dinnerware
Ninety-Seven Piece Sets $19.75
1
WATCH
FOR
FRIDAY
PAPERS
These sets are specially priced
for the opening of our new
store and we believe they are
the best values we have ever
offered. The stock is Imperial
Wedgwood Semi-porcelain.
Each set contains the following: 12 cups and saucers, 12
bread and butter plates, 12 tea
plates, 12 dinner plates, 12
soup plates, 12 fruits, 2 covered vegetable dishes, 1 boat and
stand, 2 platters, 1 salad bowl,
1 sugar and cream and 1 slop
bowl. Ninety-seven pieces, at
$19.75.
Millar & Coe, Ltd.
419 Hastings Street West
Phone: Seymour 475 Near World Office
UNION BAKERY
BREAD
—a bread that's different—it's all in the making
Our Hand-made Bread is superior to any. bread made in Vancouver—it has the right taste—it keeps better—gives all
round satisfaction.
Every Trades Unionist Should
Use Union Bakery Bread <.
It's made in a co-operative trades Union bakery—a concern
which should have thc support of every reader of the
Federationist.
If your grocer does not have it, phone Highland 2145
If your grocer don't have it, phone Highland 2145
Oet it at your grocer's—and get the name right-
Union Bakery Bread
Union Bakery Ltd.
4th Avenue and Commercial Drive
Phone Highland 2146
T
OF
AT REX
Closing of Ranks to Encounter Problems of Future
Strongly Urged
Tho largest meeting yet held under
the auspiceB of the Federated Labor
Party gathered in the Bex Theatre on
Bunday ovoning last to listen to President P. G. Tipping, of the Winnipeg
Trades and Labor Council. Some fears
had beon expressed that the break of
two weeks would affect the attendance,
but all such doubt was set at rest long
beforo Mr. Woodsworth opened tho
meeting. Speaking as chairman, he
welcomed the visitor from the prairie
capital, and pointed out how we were
beginning to overcome the handicap
that distances between centres placed
upon a democratic movement.
Most of the intervening population
was agricultural and everywhere recognized aB of a conservative typo, but
there wore now evidences that the
farmers of Western Canada were awaking to the needs of tho hour and
recognizing their identity in many
ways with the industrial movement.
The farmer was developing a certain
class consciousness that augured well
and when the farmer and the industrial
worker and returned noldier acted in
concert there would indeed be something doing on different lines than had
been too long the custom.
Wood worth's Promotion.
Mr. Tipping, on rising to speak, complimented Mr. J. S. Woodsworth, chairman, on what he waa pleased to term
his "promotion" from the ministry to
working on the waterfront of Vancou*
ver.
He stated that as he travelled from
point to point he felt that the great
need to face the immediae future Beri-
ously was not yet sufficiently impressed upon the whole of the people," and
quoting from Markham'a poem "Tho
Man With the Hoe," the. speaker effectively illustrated his point. Theso
lines contain questions which must be
faced. The workere were facing a
situation novor before faced since the
firBt   strike   took   place   in   ancient
Egypt-
Mentioning Egypt reminded him of
tho horror with which a certain mem-
bor of a recent commission in Winnipeg
approached him with a story of the
I.W.W., as it appeared in a local paper.
This man wus excited over a statement
that these men "were oveu taking
thoir lousy bodios into the beBt hotels
so that their masters might got the
lice." He, the speaker, reminded the
irate commissioner that if the Lord
thought it good to sond a plague of lice
upon the Egyptians in order to assist
the movement for freedom, there eould
be nothing in the I.W.W. doing it.
New Social Era
It had become fashionable to quote
some statements of Schwab tho steel
migrate, tlt&t we stood at "the threshold nf a i>iv aocia. era—t,!.i goeittl ren-
naissnuce of a vw worlu>'.' t'-nd hf
ugrt»»>.J thai the •i.-'.'.i.ciaey nf tho futuro would not be of woalth, but men.
The importance of the confronting
situation was not lost upon thoir opponents. In a report prepared by one
Babsoii, a Wall street report, circulated to bankers and commercial men, the
following appeara:
"What shall we do with the radicals!
The war in all countries has pushed this
movement ahead. The prime example is
KuBsiu. There the radicals are supreme.
Theae men and their ' conirndes' all
over the world care not for Russia or
any nation, but only for the 'International.' They all Beck to organize the
proletariat or wage-earnors of the world
as opposed to the propertied classes, to
wipo out national lines and put the
proletariat into possession of everything. There Ib no possible compromise
between this programme and the present social order. It is the one or the
other. It cannot be both or part of
each. Tbe co-operative commonwealth
will co-oporato with nothing but itself."
Por the paBt fifty yearB there has existed a group of thinkers who have anticipated a revolutionary change in human society. These can be roughly di
vided into two groups—thc stato Social
iBts (Bomct^imcB called state capitalists)
and what might be termed cataclysmic
Socialists. The first believo in taking
ovor the reins of responsible government, thc second in revolution with a
capital " It." Ho claimed that tho latter caricatures tho' doctrine of tho foun*
der Karl Marx in that while he is willing to tear down, he has no means or
preparation to build up a now atructuro
in society, and he likes to refer to all
others as Utopian. Karl Marx in the
"Communist Manifesto," speaks of bo-
cial transformation and declares that
only the working class can bring it
about. This infers preparation among
the working class. The new structure
will be born within the womb of the
old.
The Slave and His Produce
Lincoln once said that no state could
I exist that was half siave and half free.
He was referring to chattel slavery,
but what was the difference) In chattel slavery the slave waa bought, and
thc product of hia labor went to his
master less the amount necessary to
maintain tho nlavo. Today the workers -sell their labor at a price and the
product of that labor bolonga to the
master, minus only bare maintenance.
Under tho present systom all we claim
ia the right to sell labor, aud we hnnd
over all the product to those who own.
The biggest question at the present
seemed to be the selling price of the
labor, but could any one who looked
carefully around hopo that the workers
would always rest there! He declared
thut wo were approaching it stage in
mental development when tho worker
would want whnt he produced.
Ho was not oppoaed to municipalization, but thore wero sufficient example*
on record to show that this did not
usher in the millenium. In Winnipeg
there were those who were prepared to
point out how foolish tho Civic Employees woro 1" ttr.>.fr against the city
when  they   "owned   the  entire plant
All Wool
Tweed Coats
for Women
At $25.00
—FAIL MODELS-
The splendid quality aud
practical style features will
immediately interest those
who look for true value in
coats of the latest design.
These models are of a type
that suggests all-round service, being equally desirable
for street, automobile or
tourist wear.
The lines accentuate ample
fullness, and all models are
belted, have patch pockets,
convertible collars and novelty cuffs. Sleeves and shoulders are lined.
Choose from various Donegal mixtures, including suoh
colors as greens, browns and
black and white. Sizes 16
to 44—$25.00 each.
575 Granville 'Phone Sey. 3540
Tells Them to Get a Short
History of French
Revolution
Profits of the United States Steel
Corporation for the three monthfl ending June 30 were $153,273,641, or at a
rate of more than $600,000,000 a year.
This is profiteering of the most shameless kind.
Arthur Brisbane recently gave the
masters of American industry a warning that is pertinent. "Be satisfied
with enough, with 10 times you share.
Bo cautious," he tells them. "Get a
abort hiBtory of the French revolution.
Learn something. . . . Soon millions of men will come back from
Prance, impressed with the value of
force, and knowing how to use it. Soon
other millions of men will be suddenly
dismissed from ammunition factories
nnd shipyards. ... Do you you
know what people are paying for the
food thoy eat? Do you know how they
fool about it! Be careful. . . There
are rough days ahead. You will need
a pilot, not a New York Times mani
cure."
themselves-." Theie appeared to be do-
groes of ownership which left tho labor-
era in considerable doubt on this question.
Change of Objective Necessary
The speaker referred to developments
in Britain where from the depleted
rnnks at the commencement of the war
they had progressed to a condition of
trades union solidarity and federation
stronger than ever. He bolieved the organizations would have to trend towards federation first of all, and then
towards a change of objectives. The
workers hnd made mistakes, some of
them due to trying to elect upon a
party cry rathen than on a principle.
Men muat first be educated to their political power, then to give it expression.
A Problem for Labor
Some day a new aound would be
heard, "Peace iB dcclarod," and many
would hear it with bounding hearts.
It would also be tinged with sadness
for those who had irrevocably lost their
all. Above all it would directly usher
in the new problom. It had been proven that half tho world of labor could
aupply all the needs of the world plus
all ita great wnr needs. When the warring millions were thrust back on thc
markot, what would labor do! What
would the capitalist do! The British
House of Commons proposed to meet
the situation by a gradual demobilization, but thore was only onc body which
could really moot the situation, and
that was labor. In Winnipeg the returned aoldiers realized thiB, and thc
executive of the Groat War VetcranB
Association, and of the Trades and Labor Council, were meeting together to
discusfl after war problems.
There was little hope here of a
change without a struggle, and many
would be marked and go down in thc
cause of Labor.
Concluding his address with reference to Spartacus and his stand with
the mechanics and slaves of ancient
Bome, the speaker pointed out that the
cause of the ultimate failure waa division and jealousy, and the result the
crucifixion of 6000 alaves. The greatest
need today waa solidarity, and every individual should ask what he could contribute towards it,
Mr. Tipping successfully negotiated
hia way through a moat imposing array
of questions, which demonstrated that
he had been very carefully followed.
Painters
Twenty-five new membera were initiated at a well-attended meeting of
the Painters Union Thursday ovoning.
Bros. Micholaon, Sykes, Jones, Grand
nnd Knights were elected as delegates
to the Trades and Labor Council.
The "Hollo" girls of Toronto have
risen in their niight and formed a
union, to be affiliated with tho Electrical Workers. About 500 members
started the ball rolling lost week.
SOCIALIST PARTY MEETING
Jack Kavalltttigh will lecture in the
Avenuo Thotttro Sundny evening under
tho auspiceB of tho Socialist Party of
Cnnndn. Doors open nt 7.30, Questions and  discussion.
Pntronizo B. C, Federationist adv-er
tisers imd  toll them  why you do bo
Charge Not  Proven, But
Wages Deducted in
Unfair Manner
P. C. Geo. Waite, president of the
Policeman's Union, has been reinstated
with Iobb of pay for time of suspension.
The Police Commissioners on Tuesday
afternoon upheld the chief of police in
his action in suspending Waite, but
after hearing the evidence of the suspended constable, and the man whom it
was charged intimidation had been
used against, they decided that Waite
should be reinstated with loss of pay
for the time of suspension.
It appears that Capeland, who was
not acting aB a regular constable, but
had been employed as an engineer at
times, had gone to Waite and said he
was not being properly treated by the
constables, and asked if he could become a member of the union, aa he felt
his position keenly. Waite, knowing
that the other men were not in sympathy with the class of work on whicb
Copeland had been engaged, acted as
he thought in a friendly manner, and
after getting him to admit that he understood why the feeling was against
him, suggested that he endeavor to become a member of the union of the
trade to which he had been attached
prior to joining the department.
Chief McBao said that he considered
Waite went too far in his advice to
Copeland. This advice led to Copeland
submitting his resignation, but the resignation was refused. The chief declared Copeland had practically been
driven off the job. He did not propose
to permit any man being driven off the
job.
Howover, said tho chief, Copeland
had gone to Waite, and not Waite to
Copeland, which was the important
point. Had Waite gono to Copeland
with hiB advice, he would not have
hesitated about dismissing Wnitc.
Tnking everything into consideration,
it would appear that Chief McRae has
not let his opposition to the union die,
for even taking his statement before
the commission, to thc effect that Copeland had gone to Waite, and not Waite
to Copeland, how he or tho commissioners can take the stand that intimidation was used by Waite is past understanding, unless the commissioners desired to let tho chief down easily, and
took that method of doing it, which to
say the leaBt, iB not very nice for
Waite.
He must be either guilty of a breach
of discipline or innocent; there can be
no half way measure. The chief in his
evidence admits that Waite was not
guilty, as Copeland approached Waite,
not Waite Copeland, thereforo there
cannot have been any intimidation. Tho
least tho commissioners could have
done was to have exonerated Waite,
nnd have given him his pay, which
they havo deducted. The chnrge of the
chief that Waite went too fnr with his
advice is nonsensical, and is but a paltry excuse, and shows plainly that the
chief has not lost any of hia antagon
ism to the union, and if he ia to con
tinuo on thia policy thero is bound to
bo trouble. Waito ncted in a manly
and friendly manner in giving advice
to Copeland, who admits that he approached Waite as president of tho
union, aud surely there is no crime in
The Contractor Held Me Up!
—My Hastings Street store has been,
delayed (you know what contractors
are!) and instead of opening on last
Saturday I found that it would be
impossible to do it until tomorrow.
However, my introductory offer
holds good and the $36 suit (regular
$45 to $50) will be yours if you
choose it by next Tuesday at 6 p.m.
You select from a score of patterns
marked $45 and $50 the best of imported British woolens—and my
cutters and tailors will make the suit
perfect Tom-the-Tailor style
HM'i Snlti to
Mmro  flroni
$35
Wonwn'i
HiD-UUotM
•alts ftom
$45
in
everything guaranteed—for a
My staff is at your service now.
$35.
°%JMm
the)
■stores
632GRANWLLE
314HMMGSW
UNION SHOP
giving advice to another in any caae
when it ia asked for. Something more
will be heard of this case.
LIBERTY BONDS FOR
MRS. MOONEY'S BAIL
Substitute for Cash Made After Long
Fight by Defence Attorney
and Unions
The fight to secure the release of
Mrs. Bona Mooney on a substitute for
caah bail was won, whon Superior Judge
Dunne agreed to accept a suroty bond
which will be secured by $15,000 in
Liberty bonda donated by labor uniona,
Mra. Mooney has boon at liberty on
cash bail for several months. Her attorneys havo repeatedly tridd to substitute Liberty bonds for cash, declaring interest on the borrowed cash bail
wus burdensome.
Early in tho week Mrs. Mooney will
bo surrendered into custody, her cash
boil withdrawn and a surety bond accepted by thc court.
ing conditions should make it a point
to be present. Do not let others do
your thinking for you but be on hand
to attend to the business of the looal.
Warehousemen.
The Warehousemen Union haa applied for n charter from the American
Federation of Labor. As soon aa thc
charter arrives the locul union officers
will be elected, so nil membors nro requested to nttend the noxt meeting of
the local to take pnrt in the selection
All tho old delegates of the Trades nnd
Labor Council  wore  re-elected.
Steam and Operating Engineers.
Matters of vitnl importance to the
engineerB employed in mills will be discussed at the next meeting of tho local
on Monday evening. Every member
who is interested in gotting'botter liv-
"teljhm-airaff
New Fall
Styles
Now ready for your selection at prices from
$20 to $50.
0
Thos. Foster
& Co., Ltd.
514 Granville Street
mmmmmmmmmmmams.
vJOOQ"""Reasons why
"The Big Union Store for Men"
Sells Good Clothes at Right Prices
Good because
Never before has our huge buying power been of suc-h value
to you. Wo are the largest Men's Store in Western Canada.
Foreseeing tremendous advances in all clothing prices our
large capacity enabled us to place gigantic orders with the
mills one and two years ago. The result: wc attempted to
place a clothing order recently and found the factory asking
$35 for suits we are Belling at $32.60.
Good because
I
Although our prices arc lowest, the success of this business is
based on the fact that clothing values are determined by the
number of days satisfactory wear. There must be Comfort—
Elegance—Durability and Service to your complete satisfaction in evory garment or we will refund your money without
question or quibble.
Good because we offer Saturday
A DICK SUIT that will .appeal to many men. A three-button
sack coat with close fitting collar and vent at back. Pants
have belt loops and are plain bottom or with cuff. The material is all wool worsted in smart browns, desirable blues and
serviceable greys.   The Price iB Bight.
DICK'S PRICE $25
33-45-47-49, Hastings St. East.
" YOUR MONEY'S WORTH OR YOUR MONEY BACK'

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