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The British Columbia Federationist May 30, 1919

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-   J
Trade Union Congress Issues Ultimatum to
Tour Points" of Triple
Alliance Makes Grave
Two ond a half million workers
Ure lined up for a strike against the
State of England. These nre the
workers in tho railway, mine and
transport service, and many other
workers in other branches of industry are expected to get solidly be-
Jbind the move by the time tho walkout. A deputation from the Trade
Union Congress has just presonted
the British government with a
"four-point" policy that has been
drawn up by the Triple Alliance.
Theso uro
(1) The abandonment of compulsory military servico.
(2) The cessation of the "Russian adventure,"
(3) The raising of the blockade
on enemy countries.
(4) Tho releasing of conscientious objectors.
The Alternative is tt general strike.
H'-r Robert Homo, Labor minister,
has made a flying trip to Premier
Lloyd George in Paris in connection
with this matter, and it is bolioved
thnt the premier will have to return
at once, as the situation looks grave.
Would Paralyse Buainess
If such a cessation of work could
bc organized it would have a paralyzing effect on thc business of the
eountry. "Pour points" originated
with the miners several weeks ago,
whon they met to recommend the acceptance of thc Sankoy report.
Later points were discussed at the
Himthport conference, and havo now
been sanctioned by the Labor Party
executive. The Trade'Union Congress is lukewarm on the question of
a general strike, but the demands
come from such influential bodies
that the parliamentary executive
finds it impossible to ignore them.
Automobile, Aircraft and
Vehicle Workers
Detroit.—One of tho straws thut
shows which way the wind is blowing is tho growth of tho "United
Automobile, Aircraft«and Vehicle
Workers of America." an industrial
union embracing all of the workors
fit these allied industries. Last
week 987 persons applied for niern-
bedship in this union, which is not
afflliated with the" A..F. of L. Thc
averago number of Applications per
week it over 700. Detroit is a
"vehicle town" and thie union of
vehicle workers states frankly, that
it proposes to curtail Detroit.
Moonoy Day (July tth) will be
eelebrated in Detroit by a general
strike. The crowd of 25,000 that
look part in the demonstrations on
May Day will be tripled or quadrupled on the Foarth unless plans
miscarry. A feeling of solidarity is
developing rapidly in Detroit, ac*
•ompanled by a growing conviction
that the workers can havo the
world when they are ready to unite.
Mtat Cutters and Butchers
A special meeting of Local 643,
Butchers' Union, will bo held In the
Labor Templo Tuesday, June 3, for
tto nomination of officers nnd other
business of vital importance to the
membership. Some of the business
to be dealt with will not only be
an answer, but will sottle some of
the burning questions that confront
the membership theso days. Evory
member who ean possibly do so
should make it his or her buainess
to be on hand at this meeting.
Vancouver Local
No. 1
Sunday, June 1st, at
3 p.m.
Room  209
Labor  Temple
Business of utmost
J. C. Wood,
' H. J. Pritchard,
Banned by Internal^ utewy
Form on Industrial
Consequent upon the action of
the International Lodge of the International Brotherhood o'f Boilermakers of America, suspending the
membership of more than 95 per
cent, of the members of Local 194,
Vancouver, of that organization,
the men so suspended called and
he!-:l a'special meeting of boilermakers and mea working -in the
shipbuilding industry, in the Loggers Hall, (tl Cordova Street, on
Wednesday evening of this week,
for the purpose of reorganizing
themselves into an industrial union
in lino with the principles of the
O. *B> U. Needless to say, the meeting was a huge sueccss, the hall being filled to capacity with an enthusiastic crowd of mechanics and
helpers, thc larger portion of which
signed up in the new organisation
and paid thcir initiation fee.
Officers were elected and preamble
and constitution passed upon. ; It
waa also decided to uso 401, Labor
Templo, for an office. Tho regular
meeting will be held on Tuesday of
each week at, 7.30 p.m.
A Labor Meeting to Hear
"Old Man" Before He
Goes East
On Monday next, K. T. Kingsley
will leave for a tour that will probably extend to the northern parts of
the Province beforo he returns. He
goea by tho Okanagan and Crows
Nest Pass around into Alberta for a
series of meetings. * His immediate
dates are Salmon Arm, Tuesday,
Juno 3; Summerland, Wednesdny,
June 4; Nelson, Friday, .Tune G, niyl
Fernie, on tho 8th. Between Fernie
and Lethbridge, he will address a
number of meetings to be arranged
and r-cach Lethbridge for a meeting
on the 15th (Sunday.) Other meetings to bo arranged will occupy thc
time till tho 22nd, when ho will
speak in Calgary on that Sunday
It is fully expected that there will
be a record crowd to hoar him on
Sundny night next, at the Columbia.
Mr. Julian Haywood will givo a re
I'.ital as usual at 7:30 o'clock.
The following Sunday (June 6th),
thc platform will be occupied by Mr.
Tom Itichiir.lsoii, ex-M. P.j of tho
British I, L. P., and member for
Whitehaven, until the famouB jerrymandering of tho Lloyd George outfit "redistributed" tho sent.
Next Tuesday, Juno 3, is tho dato
set for thc annual meeting of the F.
L. P., Vancouvor branch, at 510 Dominion Building, when officers for
thc ensuing year will be elected and
committees appointed. All who are
interested in these matters should
make a-point of boing present.
The picnic committee wishes to
remind thc membership that Dominion Day should bo kept clear for a
party gathering, of which later announcement will be made.
J. S. Woodsworth held a successful meeting at Prince Rupert last
Sunday, when the Westholme Theatre was packed. He is travelling towards Winnipeg, where for a time
ho is likely' to find considerable demand for his services. In returning,
ho will come by the Crows Nest, and
the various branches in the Lake
Thousands of Unemployed Try to Reach House
of Commons
London.—Thousands of discharged
soldiers and sailors out of employment, armed with stones and other
missiles, marched toward tho House
of Commons. They came into contact with the police barring the approaches and were scattered. Later
the procession was reformed and
marched toward Buckingham Pal-
act, but the demonstration broke
up before it reached the palace.
There were no further disorders.
The demonstration followed a mass
meeting in Hyde Park, where the
discharged soldiers and sailors demanded work nn-d a minimum wage
scale. Similar demonstrations were
held throughout the country.
Vancouver Trades Council Accepts
^:vernment Challenge and Forms
Policy for the Workers to Follow
Winnipeg Worker Tells True Story of the Winnipeg Situation—Local
Postal Workers Did Not Turn Down Strike Vote—Council Objects
to Teachers Defaming die Bolsheviki—Appoints Committee
to See Educational Authorities—Many Locals Voting .
on General Strike; Returns to Be in on Sunday
THE Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has
taken up the gauntlet thrown down by the government. On Wednesday evening a special
meeting of the council was held, and the Winnipeg
situation thoroughly discussed. As .a result it was
decided that a general strike vote be taken by the
affiliated unions, the returns to be in the hands of the
executive by Sunday evening at 9 o'clock. All local
unions are being asked to call special meetings for the
purpose of taking the vote. The strike is to take
place on Tuesday morning at 11 o'clock if the vote is
favorable, with the exception of the men engaged in
the operation of the street railway system, who will
cease work on Tuesday at midnight.
Thursday night at the regular meeting of the central body, the executive recommended that the following seven demands be the minimum on which the
strike will be settled, the council taking the stand
that all the questions raised in the recommendations
needed to be settled and they might as well be settled while the trouble is on and save any further delay in their settlement.
Aims of Labor in the General Strike
Realizing that while there are many problems that
face the workers that cannot be solved under capitalism, and that the end of that system is not yet;
also realizing that the present situation is a political
one, due to the action of the Dominion Government in
the Winnipeg strike, and that as the taking care of
the soldiers who were disabled, and the dependents of
the men who have died on the fields of France and
Flanders are working class problems, the majority of
the soldiers being members of the working class,
therefore be it .resolved that the following be the
policy of the workers in Canada now on strike, or
abbut to come on strike in support of the Winnipeg
_ 1. The re-instatement of the postal workers who
struck in Winnipeg.
2. The immediate settlement of the postal workers' grievances.
3. The right of collective bargaining through any
organization that the workers deem most suited to
their needs.
4. Pensions for soldiers and their dependents on
the basis laid down by the soldiers' organizations.
5. The minimum recompense for service overseas
by the granting of the sum of $2,000 gratuity.
| 6. The nationalization of all cold storage plants,
abattoirs and elevators, with a view to removing the
evil of hording of foodstuffs.
7. The enactment of legislation to provide for the
six-hour day in all industries where unemployment is
Failing the granting of these demands by the Dominion Government,, the workers continue the strike
until the present government resigns and places these
matters before the electorate.
The policy outlined has bsen wired.to every central body in
the Dominion and to the government at Ottawa.
Late in the evening, after the council had decided upon its
policy, J. W. Elriok of tho Posts! Workers of Winnipeg, addressed the conncil. He stated that the strike committee in
Winnipeg had decided to spread the truth as to tbe situation
by sending out ten members of organized labor throughout thc
country, and that he had called at Regina and Calgary on the
way up. He stated that at Regina there was little interest until
the situation was placed before the workers, in the true light,
but that at Medicine Hat the workers were solid, and that Calgary was all out with the exception of one or two locals. Dealing with the Winnipeg situation, he stated that the trouble was
brought about by the metal trades and building trades employers refusing to deal with the metal and building trades councils. Later the employers of the metal trades, includlhg the
Dominion Bridge Company and the Vulcan Iron Works, had
made some effort to arrive at a basis of negotiations, but thc
financial interests stepped in aud took the matter out of the
hands of the ironmasters, who were in the hands of the financial interests, not having capital of their own. Referring to the
committee of 1000, which was supposed to be handling things
in Winnipeg, he stated that there was only six or seven individuals on the committee, and that at no time had more than
this been seen to enter the rooms where they met, and on the
municipal and provincial authorities failing to handle the situation, the Dominion Oovernment had been appealed to.  He aaid
that the financial interests had decided to establish a soviet gov-      ........—_..,   r--r- .-.
ernment and handle things, but the strike -*as pulled too quick Vancouver, and would welcome the assistance  of organized
for them.  Bakers and milkmen had been allowed to work, and j labor on the coast at this time,
Over 24,000 Vote for and
6,000 Against New
Secretary Midgley informs the
Federationist thit to date 188
unioni west of Port Arthur, with
the exception of Winnipeg, kfre
given a majority vote for the One
Big Union. Seventy unioni hare
turned in a majority of votes
against the proposal. Tho total
number of votes in favor of the
O. B. U. to date are 24,230 and the
total number against are 5,675. The
Winnipeg vote is apparently tied up
in the mails.
The total membership of the
nnions who have sent in returns to
date is 41,305. This total ia as near
as can be ascertained at present, On
account of some union secretaries
failing to giVo tho total membership
of the. union when making thc returns, and in luch easel the total
vote recorded for and against the
proposal was placed as tho total
membership of (he union. There
ai*e also several unions that bare
voted on this question who have
not yet sent in the returns.
Rich   Mining   Company
Shows lte Opposition
to the O. B. U.
The Consolidated Mining Com*
pany of Hossluml, B. C, has locked
out 175 o\ its employees, presumably for endorsing the One Big
Union. In April this company announced a cut of from 25 to 50 cents
per dny in wages and asked tho employees to co-operate with it in this
action on account of the reduced
prices quoted for metal. This tho
employees agreed to. Since then
the O. B. U. has been endorsed by
the men and the company has, without any explanation, paid off a
great number of its employees. Previous to this action the company instructed ita shift bosses to dis
chargo all agitators for the O. B. U.,
but the shift bosses failed to do as
Some of thc men locked out have
worked as many as 20 years in
Bosslnnd, and claim that the company is in a better financial condition today than at any time during
its history. It hu introduced labor-
saving machinery that has oliniin-
inated more than one-half   of   the
Labor Wins First Round
in Big Industrial
Railroad Unions to Aet
at Mediators in tilt
The ironmasters of Winnipeg havs
been forced to their knees. Whether
they will be floored completely is
still to be seen, but the prospect!
for a satisfactory and early tattle-
ment are now bright owing to tha
metal trada employers aooediag to
the proposals of tke trainmen's
uniona to aet at mediators on tke
collective bar-gaining issue. The
ironmasters either had ta accept
this or be tko cause of the complete
tieing up of the railroad sorvice of
Canada.   -■
Labor has wen* the Int round in
the big flght against this hand of
exploitere, who for a duea years or
more have been the cause tt much
discontent. It haa beta a Uoodleie
battle*, although all kiudi of taetiei
w«ro used by the itate aad by exploiters of labor to create riots aad
conditions that would give an excuse for use of the military and '
brute force on tke itriken,
Winnipeg labor atoo# solid all
through the crisis, and is' just al
solid at this hour as when the strike
lommenced. Labor all over Canada
is responding to tha call of the Winnipeg union men and women. Bran-
ilon, Calgary, Edmonton, Moose Jaw,
Prince Bupert and Begina trada
unions are all out in sympathy,
while the workers in Saskatoon,
Vancouver, Victoria, Now Weit-
minster, Toronto and the Twin
Cities are likely to b« ont within
tho next few days. In fast, tke
workers of every city of any siic in
the provinces of Ontario, Manitoba,
Saskatchewan, Alberta and British
Columbia have responded, or are
preparing to respond to the call for
Jeneral strike.
u»t as in Winnipeg, the master
clnss in other cities   triad   every
means in ita powor to create   dias
turbances, but aU to no purpoie. .-
eatda were given to them by the strike committee. This aroused
the ire of the employers, who stated that so long as the cards
were in force there would be no chance of negotiations, and
that the strike committee were asked if they were so small as
to allow the cards to prevent negotiations being opened. The
committee removed the cards, not wishing to prevent any negotiations being opened, but nothing was done by the employers to |mon*accdc<f before "tho war to pro-
bring about a conference. He stated that everything was order- ducothc same amount of wealth,
ly, the strikers staying home or attending the union meetings.
In spite of this everything had been done to have military rule
established, but that this had not yet been accompliahed. Later
a commmunication was sent by the employers, asking for a
conference. The men replied, giving the names of the representatives of labor to attend the conferenco. Mr. Klrick read
the strikers' letter tto thc employers, and also read a letter re-
cfWed in reply from the employers, which stated that no offer
for negotiations had been made. Dealing with thc issue, he
stated it was to secure the right of collective bargaining, and
that as things were going too smooth for the liking of the employers, the Federal Oovernment was asked to take charge. He
appealed for the assistance of organized labor in Vancouver,
stating that since the Minister of Labor and Mr. Meighen had
been in Winnipeg, nothing had been done with thc exception of
misrepresentation and confusion as to the situation. He stated
that there were thirty-five thousand workers, organized and unorganized, out on strike, and that not more than 20 had gone
back to the post offices. In concluding, he stated that Winnipeg
always looked yith respect on any proposal emanating from
Hu of ttw Fathers
Mrs, Ruth Lestor writes to her
husband to the effect that her little
daughter Ruthie has been insulted
repeatedly in the public school at
Whitohorse by the schoolmaster,
simply because of thc political activities of her father, Charlie Lestor.
Little Ruthie is well known in the
Socialist movement and the comrades at Whitehorse arc highly in-
censed. The ruling clasB of thii
country must be on thoir laat legs
whcn.it allows creatures to occupy
the position, of schoolmaster who
are so vile and degraded that they
insult Uttle children simply because
the political opinions of their
fathers do not meet with their approval.
Big Strlk* Looms Vp
Eight hundred and seventy unions
outside of Chicago havo voted in
favor of a goneral strike to secure a
fair trial for Mooney- nnd Billing*..
Only eighty have so far voted
against tho strike
Victoria's position
President Sivertz of tho Amalgamated Postal Workers, and Secretary of the Victoria Trades Council,
stated that the Capital City workeri
were taking a striko vote at thii
time, but that they would not take
action until Vancouver was ready.
He referred to the statements mode
ns to the post office being fully
manned, and said that it was impossible for the post office to bc run
as it should be run with green help,
and that it would tako months to
SATURDAY, May 31—Shipwright!, U. B. Carpenters
No. 617, Civic Employees,
Bakiers, Foundry Workeri,
Steam and Operating Engineers.
SUNDAY, June 1—Butchers
and Meat Cutters, Boiler*
mailers and Shipbuilders
Local No. 1, City Flre
Fighters, Moving Picture
Operators, Soft Drink Dis*
MONDAY, Juno 2—Shipwrights, Gas Workers, Machinists No. 720, Dominion
Express Employees, Policemen, Steam Engineers,
TUESDAY, Juno 3—District
Couneil Council of Carpenters, Domestic Home Workers, Boot and Shoo Workers,
Butchers and Meat Cutters,
Cignrmakers, Can Workers,
Molders' Executive.
WEDNESDAY, June 4—Tile
Layers, Boilermakers' Examining Board, Plasterers,
Metal Trades Council.
THURSDAY, June 5-Foun-
dry Workers, Trades aad
Labor Couneil, Garment
Workers, Painters, Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary.
♦get it running unless the
were again put to work.
Iu reply to questions, Bro. Elrick
stated that the government had
thought that thc Postal Workers
wero a weak spot, being a publi*.
utility, and that if Ihey eould break
them it would bc an easy matter to
break tho rest of the employees of
tho public utilities, but this eould
not be done. When the quostion
hnd been thoroughly discussed hy
the postal workers, it was -decided
that they would not return until tho
strike was settled satisfactorily by
a vote of 281 to 10. Ho also stated
that tho papers iu Winnipeg were
not tho usual papers as stated, hut
printed on a flftthed press on onc
sido of the paper only.
Strike Committee
Tho strike committee elected hy
the coun-i'il is as follows: Delegates
Anderson, Haslett, Hill, Smith, Brodie, MacFnrlan-e, Kermode, Smith,
Vaughan, Mnrshallee and Youhill.
The committee will meet on Friday
at 8 p.m. It was decided that tbe
voto necessary to call the general
striko would be a majority of tko
organizations voting, and tho votes
cost. It was denied by the loeal
postal workers that a striko vote
had been taken and turned down by
the local union.
A communication was received
from the Waterfront Workors' Federation nuking tho support of the
seamen in their demands. This was
granted. The seamen ave to cease
work on June 1st if iheir demands
aro not granted. The steam ongi-
neers, freight handlers and molders
reported that thcir organizations
had voted in favor of the general
strike in support of Winnipeg workers.
Resolution on Ireland
A resolution from fhe Irish Association iu Vancouver was received
and endorsed. The resolution is ns
"British government of Irelnnd
being admittedly a failure, anJ, we
believe, a bar to tho progress Hint
prosperity of that country, and u
•rime against its people, it is a mat-
strikersfter of interest and concern to thef Lunch and the Couver Lunch were
citizenship of all British dominions,
and it is proper and fitting that
after we have fought and bled to
purgo cizilixation from thc rulo of
force and militarism, that wo join
our protest to that of organized
lnbor in all parts of thc Empiro
against the atrocities of such rule
in Ireland."
A wire was received from Prinee
Rupert asking the position of tho
Vnncouver workers as to Winnipeg,
which stated that tho railroad carmen and shopmen were out, on
sti ike.
In view of thc members of the ex
oen tive being delegated to uttcud
Ihe O. B. U. t.onfererico next weok
at Calgary, it was decided to oloot
two delegates as alternates, it being
felt that it would ugt bc wise to
-have three members of thc oxecutive out of town if the general
strike was called. Dels. McDonneil
and Wood were elected as niter-
Report of Secretary   ,
Delegate Kavanagh, acting secretary, reported on his work of the
past week. He stated that bo had
along with Delegato Wells icon Mr.
N. d, Neill in connection with thc
Powell River strike, but that Mr.
Neill had stated that the union shop
clause had never been mentioned by
the men in their demands. Later it
was found that this was untrue, and
he read the letters that had passed
between the company and thc m^n
on this question, whieh showed that
thc matter find been taken up. He
also reported ns to the organization
of the janitors and asked thc support of all workors in organising
these workers. Thc Sailors reported
that (hey wero voting on tho 0. B.
U. question, The Palternmakers reported thnt. they had voted $100 to*
waiv.l tlm daily paper fund. The
Steam Engineers reported that they
Mud voted $200 to Ihis fund. Thc
Boiler mnltrni reported that tbey had
ef ganized u new local having been
suspended from the international.
Thc Hot-fll und Restaurant employees   reported   lhat   the   White
still on the uiifnir list.
School Children and the Bolsheviki
A delegate reported that his children were being taught in the
schools that anybody wearing good
clothes in Russia were shot.
Many other delegntcs nlso reported that their children were being
taught similar things nbout the Boi
sheviki. Del. Thomns reported thnt
this was also tho policy in thc
(Continued on Page fiigM)
Union Hall
•140 PENDER ST. W.
Machinists,   Vancouver Local No. 1
Meets flrst Sal unlay in ench
montb,   and   every   Tuesdny,
Office hours, 0 to 6.30 p.m.
Phone Stymour 3510
Electrical Workers
Local 213
Meet every Mondny ul 6 p.m
Telephone Operators
Local 77A
Meet every Thursday, 6 p.tn.
11 i.i.i 1111 in
Tko governmont has scut an
vestigutor to tho scene, but the
company hu* put up a good excuse
for it! action, so littlo is expected
from tho inquiry.
Tho executive of the B. C. Federation of Labor is taking up thc
matter witk thc provincial and Dominion governments.
Knlchak Wants BelD
Paris—A ery of distress reacked
Paris recently from Admiral Kol*
clink, tke head of the Omsk government in Siberia and commander of
tke Siberian anti-Soviet forces. Tho
news comes at a moment when Kol*
chuk *s forces wore supposed to bo in
steady ascendancy and noar victory
over tho Soviot armies. "If help
doea not come," tho Admiral is
quoted us saying, "I skull bc forcod
to appeal to Germany,"
Joe Knight Deals With
Subject of Spirit
of Revolt
Tke Empress Tkeatrc, where local
No. 1 of tke Socialist Party of Canada holds its propaganda meetings,
wus again crowded to tko doors on
Sunday to hear Comrade Knight of
Edmonton discourse on the above
Comrade Bennett occupied the
i-bair ami in his remarks pointed out
thnt wkllo it wus possiblo for tke
workers to gain muck information
concerning .Socialism by attending
tkoso meetings, it was only by getting down and studying tho litem
luii! of the Socialist movemont thnt
n real basis for an education in scl*
eulilic Socialism could bo laid.
The class strugglo, where did it
begin f hns been a subject of controversy, bnt it had undoubtedly its
conception with the origin of private
properly. Previoui to that stage of
development wc can flnd no truce of
Dealing with tke stnte of affnirs
during the time of tke Roman em.
pire, (.'omrndo Knigkt compared the
onccptions and ideas of the chat-
tie slave of tbat period to tko ideal
of thc wage slave of today.
Thc religion of society in tho chat-
tie slnve period was much different
to that of today. Thc slave had no
soul, but he had a spirit nf revolt.
Tioio and time again they rose
against their masters only* to bc
The slaves of ancient Rome .had
become very cheap and consequent ly
wcro treated with scant consideration. There was ono point noticeable, the chattel knew he was a
slave, brute force held him in subjection. Docs thc wuge slave of todny realize that they, too, are
(Continued on page 8)
J. Smith and Sandy Sin.
clair to Address
That the workera of thia eity aro
seeking moro knowledge of social
forces at work in modern society, is
plainly visilbe by.the packed homes
at thc Empress every Sunday night.
Next Sunday tho platform will be
occupied by J. Sniith and Sandy
Sinclair and there is no doubt that
a very interesting discussion will be
These two young speakers are by
no means strangers to the Empress
audiences, tbey are becoming very
capable orators and their analogies
of the present system of society wUl
be very interesting. Evente are happening so rapidly nowadays that nobody can afford to mill t single
meeting of thc Socialists parly.
Come early to securo a seat. Poors
open at 7:30 p.m., chair 8 p.m.
Milk Drir.rs Oet H.00 Raise
The Milk Wagon Drivers Union
of Chicago made history in the trade
union movement last week. In a,
three-day struggle the drivers forced
thc Illinois Milk Dealers' Association to abnndon its lockout and
grant an increase of 00 a week to
3000 union men. Thia is the biggest
increase in a struggle of that duration in which cessation of work occurred in thc memory of local labor
Pacific Metal Tradee Wantt O.B.V.
_ The recent convention of the Pa-
rifle Const Mctol Trades endorsed
industrial union and appointed I
committeo to draw up a plan for
presentation to thc afflliated unions.
Engineers  Local
No. 620
Saturday, 7.30 p.m,,
in Room 302 .
Labor Temple
to vote on question of
a general strike.
Members not able
to attend meeting
will be given an opportunity to record
vote at offlce on Sunday from 10 a.m. to 6
D. Hodges,   -
W. A. Alexander,
Secretary. PAGE TWO
eleventh yeab, w». aa      THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. c.
■..■Mgr \wft
I, 191
Regular Values
$32, $35, $38	
Tour unrestricted choice all next week of more than 300
high-grade, hand-tailored suits at this popular price-
unusual values—investigate.
Arnold & Quigley
Cauda feel Board License No. 8-22771
Nibob Tea, lb   SSe
Nabob Baking Powder  .25c
Slater'a Tm, lb.' _. 46o
Holbrook'n. Culled _.-.-....„16c
Oold Medal Peaches, tin
Finest Pears,  tin .......	
Bister's Siloed Streaky Bacon, lh. SSe
Slater's Sliced Streaky Baton, lb. 66c
Slater's Sliced Aryshfre Bacon, lb, SSe
Sister's Sliced Ayrshire'Back Baoun,
lb ... .v.., , 60C
1   SM0UL	
Oat y««M>ki)io aufiplles here.
Clark's Pork' and Beans, 8 for SSe
Brunswick  Sardines,  3  for ....25c
Clark's Potted Veal, 3 for 96e
Clark's' MrUled Ham, 3 for....26c
Paelfle Baby Milk, 2 for 16c
Vegetable Soap, 8 for ..............30c
Jelly Pwrdere. 8 for  80c
Fittest Marmalade, 1-lb. ..ni„..8Sc
This is your last chance at thla
SH-M.    Finest   compound  Lard.'
eg.   85c,   Friday 'only,' 3  lbs.
for .....   65c
From 8 a.m. to 12 noon.	
Finest Pure Lard, 2 lbs. for 75c
Fineat Peanut  Butter, per lb 25c
B. C. Fresh Eggs, doien  .66c
Finest No. 1 Steer Pot Routs.
Finest No. 1 Steer Relied Roasts.
Finest No. I Steer Oren Roasts.
Finest No.  1 Steer Boiling Beef.
Finest New Zealand Lamb Legs.
Finest New Zealand Lamb Shoulders.
Finest New Zealand Lamb Loins.
All government inspected    and    tha
prices will please you.
| r&UEd 6A1 SPWIA1 1
I Ogllvle's Rolled Oats, reg. 45c, 6 I
I      lbs. Friday 3SC |
Finest Cottage Rolls, boneless,
weighing 3 to 4 lbs., rog. 42 »\c
lb., Friday only, lb 89Vflc
Finest Apex Strawberrry Jam .7fic
Finest Apex Raspberry Jam .76c
Finest   Peas    _ 16c
Clark's Pork and Beans, large, at 260
Laundry Soap, 6 for  —.......26c
Sunlight Soap, 4 for -..a 26c
Finest No.  1 Alberta Butter, reg.
70o lb.,  Friday, lb 66c
Three Big Stores
830 Ouotuu St Phone Ssy. SSS
123 Haltlagi 81. E. ...Phone Soy. 3269
92(0 Mils St .Phone Mr. 1SS3
We carry a full line of
Mechanics Tools
AU grades. Agents for SIMONDS' SAWS
J. A. Flett, Limited
f*OR this week we are selling
^ one hundred and sixty
BOYS' SUITS at positively
the old retail price, as we are
closing out this line.
In our MEN'S SUIT department, I can save
you at least 15 per cent. Our principle is anything that you buy from us, if you are not satisfied with it, bring it back and get your money.
18 and 20 Cordova Street West; and 444 Main St.
__..__.__.       . __. "Goodwin's Oood Shoes
OUR many popular brands includo tho celebrated "HUM-BUT
CUSHION WELT" in ull tho wanted leathers—button or
lace. Made without a nail, and featuring u delightfully soft and
flexible insole.
Williams' "YOUNG CANADIAN," mado in boi calf  and  oil
chronic loathor—Meal for hard school wear.
All theso shoos aro mado on foot-form lasts and built hy thc ablest
craftsmen in thc business.'
Wc specialise in the worthiest types of Children's Shoes.—
Thc "ECLIPSE," ono of Canada's most reliable children's shoes
—good high leg—in all leathers—button or lace.
Tho ever popular "CHUMS," ttnequullcd for good lusty wear,
"J From $1.50 Up
Test Our Children's Shoo Service
Goodwin Shoe Co
Best Food Given to Those
Who Do Heavy
How thoy divide thc food in
Russia is explained in the Congressional Becord of February 17.
Senator Meyers desired to ' discredit tho Bolshovik administration
and he hud printed in the Congressional Record two articles by "roliablo writers," ono a former grand
duke, knocking the soviet republic
as. now operatod.
One of these articles was by Mynheer Omlt'iiyk, former ambassador
for .tho Netherlands to Russia and. a
resident of Russia for 20 yeara. Mr.
Oudcnvk is mud at the Bolshevik,
He thinks they are awful and he attacks them at length in tho article
now publishod for the people of tho
United States at public expense.
He tells how tho food is distributed, as follows:
Sliding Scale of Bats
"The ' distribution * had divided
tho people into four classes. The
largest class (who get most) include
thc 'elite' of thc laboring element
—those who do heavy labor. They
get a nominal of one-half pound of
bread a day.
"The second doss, Including the
laborers on lighter work, have only
a right to one-quarter of a pound of
bread a day.
' Tho lower officials, from the
third class, got one-eighth of a
pound of broad daily and the lowest
elass, the bourgeoise, do' not get
anything (unless they do useful
In the United States and overy
other "civilized" country food distribution is exactly the opposite to
that arranged by the Bolsheviks. In
Russia thoy givo thc most and best
food to thoso who do the heaviest
work. In our own dear America,
the best food, aud the most, goes
to those who do light work, or no
work at all,
Mr. Oudonyk points out other
outrages such as the following:
Ain't It * Shame?
Former officers of   the   Czar's
army selling chocolate on street corners.
''Former   bankers    doing   labor
"Daughters of former 'nobility'
clerking in stores.
"All theatres in Petrograd and
Moscow running full blast with the
finest opera and movies and the
lower classes attending these
No one can employ flunky servants (butlers, ladies' maids, valets,
"Soldiers are paid the same wages
as workmen.
"Working mon earn enormous
wages (in the United States and
other civilized countries business
men earn enormous sums). The
Bolshevik according to this man
have reversed it and work brings
the big sum.
"The Soviets' have installed
moving picture show in tho Imperial
palace. This shocks all noble people, as the lowest classes go there
and soe tho pictures and kid tho
cznr and big business. Clerks manage the stores.
'' The bourgeoise (former bankers,
merchants and speculators who refuse to go to work) don't daro show
themselves in public for foar some
one will offer them a job shovelling
snow or some other degrading
It's a sad, sad story. Senator
Meyers and the other statesmen at
Washington are vory grave when
they read Mr, Oudendyk's articles
in which they find strange statements. For instance, he says that
there is no food in Petrograd, and
then in the next sentence he tells
of former rich men peddling candy;
If thoro is no food where do they
get candy? the curious person might
He.declares that cruelty prevails
in Russia and the pooplo are in torror and in another paragraph he
tolls how gaily tho majority of
poople (tho working people) go to
theatres and dances and what a
good time they have. His artielo is
confusing us ho contradicts himself
Ho says the bouregoise is ruined
and then he says they arc constant
ly taxed, the Inst tax he heard of
being for 10,000,000,000 rubles.—
Tho New Majority.
"The dominant question1, jbofore
the rulers of all civilized countries
today is to so regulate iiwjustry and
the markets for the products of industry that there may be sufficient
demand at all times to koep the
whoels of the factories working at
their full capacity."      ,   w-.
Under the caption, "The Xtoming
Dawn," the foregoing sentence appeared in the second of a series of
articles written by ex-Major Lukin
Johnston and published in a weekly
journal which purports to represent
the returned soldiers of British Columbia, Now, although-1 am well
aware that In questioning the soundness of any theory advanced by an
officer, I am risking indictment for
tne crime of lese majeste, yet this
economic reasoning is so false and
his remedy for unemployment * so
valueless that I cannot refrain from
contributing my mite in refutation
of his statemont.
Anyone with a meagre acquaint-
■«^..«.*«-«.iiil->.l>.l»i>.i|iHii>iH  » _„%„_
The Soldier and the Plute
[By ex-Frivato  Thomasl<MCon_or]tth. workers are no longer pointed
Matters of Workon Tata An Compelled to Walk Whon Work-
on Quit
Tho workers of France gavo a significant exhibition of power on May
1st by folding their nrms and censing to work. Factories were shut
down; railrond trains stopped temporarily) taxis no longer rushed
about the busy Paris streotsj lights
were cut off for a short timo in tho
morning; hotel waiters took n day
of rest. Tho-iostiltB of this general
tie-up were startling.
The Big Three—masters of the
fnte of the world—walked to work.
Tho leading diplomats laid in a
supply of food on tho 30th of April
and had a cold breakfast on thc
first of May. The workors censed to
work and evon the masters of the
world's destiny found themselves no
stronger than thoir hands and no
faster than thcir feet.
The workers would do well to
learn this lesson,—thnt breakfast is
ns necessary to diplomats as it ia to
coal miners; that n Supreme Court
judgo sits in a chair no larger than
that in tho ordinary burlier shop;
that the suit of clothes worn by tho,
bank president is as necessary to
his welfare as the suit of overalls
worn by tho locomotive engineor;
nnd that thc men who produce those,
necessary goods, ond services 'are
really the masters and not the servants of tho titled rulers of 'the
' *
For Bout at 638 Prior St.—First-
class cabin apartments, furnished
for housekeeping, except bedditig
and utonsils; insido sinks, and elec-
trie light. This ia a clean and quiet
[ilnce, suitable for men who can afford to pay a little higher rato than
is charged for some cabin apartments.
anco with tho history of modern in-
dustrial development knows that tho
war which has just terminated had
itB origin, not in France's desire for
revengo, not in Germany's lovo of
militarism, not in England's regard
for liberty, but beoause the financial
magnates of those countries' saw
that, owing to tho vast-improvement
in tho machinery of production, thc
markets of the world wero fast being glutted; hundreds of thousands
were being thrown out of work as
a consequence; and*the wholo capitalistic house of cards was in im*
inent dangor of collapse. It became
absolutely necessary then that one
group of iinnuciers should be exterminated, if the products of their
rivals were to obtain precedence in
the world's markots. This was tht
real cause of the Great War. All
previous wars under the present system were due to a similar lust of
conquest and to a desire on the part
of the aggressor to extend in some
particular direction his sphere of
influenco, which is merely a euphemism for a fresh dumping ground
for manufacturers. But, -on 'this occasion, though the enterprising exploiter combed the oarth,- and sont
his Missionaries with their different
brands of canned religion from the
Arctic circle to the Southern Cross,
he was unablo to discover fresh
dupes on whim to impose tho 'blighting hand of civilization, and so his
waros became a drug on the market.
But something had to bo done, us
the modern Shylock mush .have-his
pound of flesh; so it wasjlaxnsged
that the Christian nations Miefn engage in a murderfest for' tkiksdill-
cation of mankind. The result was
tho slaughter in Europe, which may
bc described as the internecine strife
of Capitalism. Tho Allied group won
thc day. Germany has been eliminated as a serious contender for
world honors in the field qf.BjOduc*
tion, and for a short time her enemies will reign supreme as purveyors to both hemispheres. But their
victory haB been a Pyrrhic one; for,
those of them who became exhausted .during the struggle m\M; have
gold and credits to satisfy'Cboft immense needs; and they are .amending and will doubtless obtain a large
indemnity .from the Central. Powers,
Germany can meet theso demands
only by a large export trade. Honco
the nations that combined -to crush
her will now bo forced to import hor
products in order that she may live.
This, of course, will be sufficient in
itself to cause tho unemployment
situation in tho Allied countries to
be accentuated, and tho heroes of
today in Canada will thus be the
hoboes of tomorrow.
In this country we arc also saddled with a heavy debt; and, if
this ia to bo paid, we must of necessity compete successfully in foreign markets with those who already
have a surplus of thoir own. This
can only be effected by. reducing
wagos to the breaking point,* and
producing goods at a minimum of
expense, Wages aro regulated by
tha supply of, and domand for, 'labor. Therefore the present period
of depression con bo attributed* in
part to thc policy of the employers
in keeping a tight hold of the purse-
strings until they*, nro gratified at
the sight of ten men scrambling for
one man's job. This they aro pleased to describe as the normal-condition of industry.
• As long as the workor receives in
return for his labor only a small
fraction of what he produces, the
consumption of products cannot
koep pace with tho output) and by
renson of the fact that tho Asiatic
conntries, formerly the best custoni-
ors, arc now themsolves no mean
competitors of thc Occident, tho factories can work at full enpacity for
only a very brief period; the surplus products of labor rapidly pile
up, the wheels of industry* cease to
turn, and general chaos ensues.
Formerly tho workers gavo vory
littlo thought to the economic ques*
tion; and mnny of them bolioved
thc capitalist when he taunted them
with thoir poverty ond ascribed It
to their own Improvidence. But adversity is a good educator and the
slnves havo of late been delvjjig )n*
to thc causes of things. Thu.,bus
cauaed groat alarm amongst the
gentlemen of thc plunderbunr^ -jjho
fear nothing more than thc awakening intelligence of the masses..' Hpw
tactics therefore have boon adopipd,
at with tho finger of scorn as victims of dissipation and debauchery;
and what was formerly known aa
the beery breath of the "bum" is
now described aa the frozen breath
of the Bolshevist.
Previous to the war Germany had
practically undermined the commerce of England, France and Bussia by her policy of peaceful pen*
etration; and the capitalists in these
countries saw that they were doomed to financial extinction unless
something was dono to check hor
progress. Accordingly the entento
cordialo was formed which aimed
at restricting tho expansion of the
Central Powers. Germany deeply
resented this and determined to
fight rather than surrender her place
in the sun. Sho hoped by rapidity
of movement to quickly crush France
and Bussia; she.could then dictate
to England, and the markets of the
world would be at her mercy. At
that time \he capitalist newspapers
wore continually singing the. praises
of Bussia and of Iter vaunted, steam
roller. But their eulogies .soon
changed into curses when the Bussian people cast off the shackles of
imperialism and refused to be led
to the altar at the behest of the
Rothschilds. The British financiers
had considerable investments in Bussia, and had alBO advanced her large
sums for war purposes. When the
upheaval came tho people took control and determined they would no
longer be slaves to th ecapitalistic
gang in London who had exploited
their country..The loss of this money
was the greatest blow received by
the junkers of England during the
war. They did not care if thousands
or even millions perished on the battlefields 8B long as they were permitted to live in luxury. But as soon
as their revenues were curtailed they
omitted an agonizing, groan which
was heard in the four corners of the
earth. Then pressure was. brought
to boar on the British government,
and the. troops were dispatched to
aid a possible counter-revolution and
again plaoe responsible people in
power. But hero England's horny-
handed son-of-toil interposed, and
said he would-refuse to produce unloss . the castigating forces wore
withdrawn and the capitalist, recognizing his master, immediately complied with the.demand. But he is
still bewailing his loss and the
"kept" press never cease to depict
the Bussian poople as monsters of
ingratitude. Howover, despite * the
strangle hold of international fin*
ance,'the Russians are rapidly setting their house in ordor, notwithstanding the assertions to the contrary of a local hirolinjt, who continues to malign his country with
all the caneor of the renegade.
In Russia the man who does not
work does not cat, and a system of
production for use is quickly replacing that which existed sololy for
the benefit of a few. In this coun-
try the reverse is the case. The machinery of wealth production is owned by a few and is operated in their
interest, while the remaining millions are merely slaves who are compelled to fight for the morsels that
fall from tho tables of the opulent.
Wages in Canada today, computed
on a basis of their purchasing power, are the lowest in tho history of
industry, and the capitalist is rubbing his hands in gleeful anticipation of a further decrease. A couple
of weeks ago we had tho Copper
Mountain Construction Co. pluming
themsclvos on tho fact that they
were paying 40 conts per hour for
common labor. Forty cents today
will purchase approximately the
same amount of food as would IB
cents in pre-war days. This is not
all. The advertisement also proclaims that returned soldiers are
preferred. Whyf Is it because we
are considered more submissive,
more abjectly servile than tho men
who fought labor's battles while we
wore overseas? Comrades, did wc
fight to make this country safo for
autocracy! Did we fight in order
that tho plundorbund of Canada
might amass huge fortunes, while
thc widows and orphans of our martyred dead are denied the necessities of lifo! Have we returned to
Canada to stand on the bread-lino,
aud to reduce the wages of our
.brothers of organized lobor! Or
have we fought for the triumph of
right over might, and for a country
where every man should be entitled
to engage in productive toil and
to garner' the fruits of his labor!
Thc answer lies with ourselves.
Every train coming into the city
at prosent is bringing its cargo of
unman freight to swell tho ranks
of the unemployed. Wagos are falling fast, and nt the same time tho
government is conducting a gigantic
advertising campaign in England
and the United States to induce immigrants to come to Canada. Whyf
In order that the supply of labor
will be so> great that wnges will come
to the minimum. For if there ure
twenty men anxious to work where
but one is required, the lowest tender will bo nccepted. Do you know
these facts! Do you also know that
preparations are being made to shoot
us down in the streets, if we dare
to voico our protest against the in-
famous policy of the capitalists? It
is true. I myself was recently approached by an officer in authority
and questioned as to my knowledge
of thc machine-gun, so that I might
Capitalism Cannot Bring
Peace and the League
Is Capitalistic
[By Scott Nearing]
Will the Leaguo of Nations
bonefit laborf Tho workers; the
nine-tenths; the plain people, who
flght wars, suffer poverty and sweat
under oppression, will the League
of Nations answer their cry ior
The plain people want peace,
bread, enlightenment, liberty. These
things and these alone aro benefits.
The League of Nations will provide
nono of thom.
The five states which dominate
the League of Nations aro capitalist empires in each of which the industries are run .for-the .private
profit of a favored few.
Capitalism cannot, bring pence because it is based upon the. principle
of war. The League of Nations is
a league of capitalist governments;
not a league of free peoples. Capitalist governments iu the past have
wagod wnr to safeguard dividends,
and when the time is ripe, they will
do it again.
Bread, under capitalism, goes not
to those who make it but to those
who can pay for it,—the property
owners. The worker, with his pittance wage, cannot buy back what
he produces. The property owner,
with his ample income of rent, interest and dividends, lives upon the
fat of the land. Capitalism today
is built on the same barbaric system
of exploitation that hus existed in
England sinoe the middle of the
eighteenth century, and that exists
today in Japan, Italy, France and
tho United States, That system
will give the worker neither a-fair
share of bread nor of any of the
other economic opportunities of life.
Tho system has been triod out for
generations, and to his sorrow the
Worker knows it for what it is,
WiU the League of Nations give
enlightenment to the workersf Look
over the capitalist countries, and
ask whether enlightenment is being
spread by individual nations. Are
the masters enlightening the workers of Japan f Are thoy spreading
knowledge in France! The Japanese labour agitators are in jail. The
French Socialist papers still come
to the United States with great
blotches of "eenBor" marks on
them. Are the masters spreading
enlightenment in the Unitod States!
They have blanketed every, organized avonue of education with ignorance, and individuals who try to
illuminate this darkness with, the
light of truth get from five to 80
years for their pains. Tho capitalist nations united are not going to
spread enlightenment any more thnn
capitalist nations individuals. Thc
League of Natious will do no more
to enlighten tho world than Britain
has done to enlighten Egypt. The
capitalist nations, united, will prac
tico exploitation, oppression and
tyranny just as they have done it
individually with this ono difference,
—"In union thero is strength."
Will the League of Nations givo
tho people liberty! Are the mnsters of tho United States going to
oxtond to tho other porions of the
earth thc liberty of Everett, Ludlow, Bisbee and Lawrence! The liberty of Bill Haywood, Tom Moonoy,
Kate O'Haro and Eugene V. Debs!
Will Britain give more liberty to
tho world than she has given to Ireland and India! Will Japan spread
Korean liberty among tho nations!
Labor needs peace, bread, enlightenment nnd liberty. None of those
things will come through the League
of Notions, therefore, the League of
Nations will not benefit labor,
If You Are in Favor of the O.B.U.
■li* it
and you wish to rencl^nancial support to the committee in charge of thepropaganda, and the taking of
the referendum vote, cut out this coupon and mail it
with your donation tftjne Secretary of the Central
Committee, V. R. Midgley, Labor Temple, Vancouver,
To-the Secretary of the Central Committee of the O. B. V.
Enclosed please find the sum of $ as my
contribution towards the propaganda and expense in taking thc referendum vote for the O. B. U. You need uot
send a receipt, and acknowledgment through The Federationist will be sufficient.
St. Paul, Minn.*—In upholding t
judgment of $800,000 agalnat the
Unitod Mine WorkerB of Amorica,
the federal court of appeals in this
oity has ruled that a trade unton
ia liable for tho net* of individual
member*. The judgment, which i*
similar to the English Tuff Vale decision, which was overthrown by the
English parliament, was rendered by
tho United States court for thc western district of Arkansas. Under the
Sherman antitrust law tho judgment is automatically trebled and
the United Mine Workers of Ainerl
ea, as an orgnnization, is held liable
for damages totaling over $000,000.
Buiineu Hoi Complain
Biddeford, Mc.—Business men in
this city complain that they are on
tho verge of bankruptcy because of
the toitilo strike. They liavo ap
pointod a committee to intorest the
mill owners in thc question of a 48*
hour week, which the Textile Workers Union is demanding.
bo called upon to defend my enemy
if the necessity arose.
What are we going to dol Let us
do exactly us our comrades, in Winnipeg aro doing and join hands with
organized labor. Let us refuse to
bo led by tho nose by the venal gang
in thc fat jobs who arc in pny of
the capitalists. Somo of theBe fellows are ready to betray any cnuse
for tho sako of a little temporary
prosperity. The real estate shark,
the bunk-shark with the Sam Browne
belt, the tin-horn politician, and the
lawyer out of place have all learned that the shortest road to preferment is via the anti-Bolshevik route.
Thoy are eager to bask in tho sunshine of smile, and so are constantly declaiming ngainst whnt thoy
characterize as the presumptuous demnnds of lnbor. They frequently assert that they nro champions of law
and order though their own open
advocacy of coercion ns a remedy
for tho prevailing unrest proves
thom to be agitators of the worst
kind. But in a few months these
fawning parasites will be speaking
to empty benches, for there is abundant evidenco that we aro on thc
threshold of the seven lean years;
and, as nature abhors a vaccum,.
men's wits will he sharpened by
wnnt and thoy will he able to distinguish between friend and foe.
Until that time arrives and the great
unwieldy body of labor is directed
by intelligence, a constant campaign
of education must be carried on, the
lies of the slaudorers must bo fear-
lessly exposed, the soldier must be
induced, to. do his.own thinking, and
not repeat as gospol tlio dangerous
half-truths and purposeful falirien* I
'Hfl'ns ol the mastec "
May Month-end Sale
Bigger and Better Than Ever—Greatest Line of Values in Ladles'
Ready-to-wear Garments Ever Offend ln Vancouver
—made up in the litest style—jarments wtth * distinctive cat ud finish-
In ill Ui* popular materials—all colon. Regular values up to ♦45.00. Silt
Begular values to $75.  Offered at Half price at
-very stylish appearance—offered In a vide range of
■—flne quality; serge-
models—many colors,
Regular values to |25.50 for
—In smart  styles—effective  designs—beautifully  trimmed, well mads In
every particular.  Regular to 110.50 for
Begular to $38.50 for
,        ,     LADIES' OOATS
—a line of smart coats In beautiful aad striking models; full range of ool«
—many handsome combinations.  Regular values to $47.30 for
1047 Granville Street
Phone Sey. 1479
Operators of tht largest flood-
■year SHOE BEPAIB plant ta
the Oity.
Union Shoe repairing. He-
member our guarantee, men's
and women's soles wo guarantee for three months.
We don't cobblo your shoes,
we repair them,
We know how; we are shoemakers.
Let us have your neit ti-
No delay Shoe Co.
U&lon Shop, No. SSI
Union Official*, write tor prices,
«*. . £*— aentm 7U»
Ttlri noor,  World  Bulllins,  Van-
confer, B. 0.
The onlr Union Shop In Vanconver
advice tnd stock pour OOAL
Till June 1st
Lump (sacked) $10.15
Nut Coal $9.65
KIRK'S   Celebrated   BouMe
Is Always Dependable
Ask the woman who btirns it.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1441 and 468
A. FISH, Prop,
to furnish you Pure Milk.|
Housewives should insist on
all delivery men showing
their union cards.
Fh.nes: Sir- 7781*41, ley. IHSL
0. B. LB1B. Premolar
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Matinee  2.30
Evenings 1.20 :
Reflned Servico
One Block West of Courthouse
Use of Modern Chapol and
Funeral Parlors free to aU
Telephone Seymour S4S5
Por Union lira
Phons Sermour MS
I, Farilamat 0. Turcot*
Pocket Billiard
(Bnniwick-Salke Oolloaaw Oe.)
—■•aAqaartott far Talon Mtl—
Ualoa-maie   Tobaccos,   cigars   aa"
Onlr WWSe Belf Implored
42 Hastings Street Eait
Our advertisers support tbo Fo*
erationlst. It is up to you to su
port them.
Bicycles of Real Value-Tisdaffs STANDARD
IN ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has been our
first consideration. We therefore offer you an excep.
tionally strong wheel at a very moderate pHdo.
Registered in accordance witb tbe Copyright Aet.
Trouble Ahead
*_ A man scarcely expects to avoid pain if he
deliberately puts his hand into the fire. He
avoids putting his hand into the danger—a lesson early and well learned. But he can just as
surely expect trouble when he permits decay to
creep into his teeth. There is no chance of avoiding it. Thc pain and inconvenience do not come
with sueh startling suddenness as in the case of
fire, and the lesson of tooth health is learned late
and none too well. When the general health fails
and the trouble is traced back to the teeth, as it
ia in such a great proportion of instances, regrets
and confessions of stupidity are of little avail.
To avoid the trouble that is always ahead a man
should plsfe his faith in the dentist. Undertake
small dental bills if you would avoid large ones
—and large doctor bills as well.
e_ Efficient   dental   service—Unest  of
,, materials—modest prices.   These I
offer you.
. ******       ******      ******       ******        —
A Translation of the Annual Report of A. V. Lunach-
arsky, Commissar of Education in the Soviet Government, for the Year Ending November 7,1918
Phone Bey. 6444
Tina Dentistry
It's up to you
—as to how long your teeth give
efficient service
Consult us when they break down—or show any sign of defect.
We will giv,e tbem an expert examination and advise you what
ahould bo dono to remody the trouble.
A little attention right when trouble starts with the teeth often
MTta extensive work after tht trouble becomes acute.
Drs. Brett Anderson & Douglas
Fkent Seywour 3331
0__te« Optn
Tus-tey ud
Friday BTMlBfS
Oor. Seymour
Union Made Shoes
Our Shoes are union made.
The Union Stamp on our shoes stands for justice to
the workman and fairness to the manufacturer.
We sell union-made shoes because we believe that
Our prices sre never aay higher than other stores—ask for the
other kind of shoes. .*.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
In a country kept artificially infi
ignorance, the task of education
could not find full -development on
tho day following the people's revolution, which transferred the power
to tho toiling masses. It is evident,
however, that neither the conquest
of political power nor the attainment of tho potation of economic
master of thc country, could be last'
ing, if the people should not also
attain knowledge.
Only a high level of public education could mnko possible a conscious governing ■ by • tho - people,
which should embrace large musses.
During the intcrvul an import unt
role had to bc played by thu intelligentsia, which had enjoyed the
odious privilege of delusive erudition, and was considered in Bussia
to be in sympathy with tho people.
In the time of 1905-0 revolution,
Kautsky pointed out with hope the
fact that in Ituss'a the task of the
working class would bc made easier
fey its sincere ally, the revolutionary
intelligentsia. Kautsky did not foresee at lhaf time thnt at the moment
of thc concrote realization of his
dreams, at the hour of the social
revolution, even ho himsolf would
turn enemy to thc proletarian vanguard.
However, there is no ovil without
its ^accompanying good. Thc abominable sabotage on thc part of the
majority of the Russian intelligentsia, and in particular of the so-called Socialist intelligentsia, proved an
excellent lesson for the proletariat,
laying stress upon tho unaterablo necessity for the proletarian to ucquire
real knowledge immediately — for
himself so fnr as possiblo and in
full measure for his children.
The leadership in this important
task has fallen to the commissariat
for public instruction.
Sabotage by Teachers
It was extremely hard to fulfill it,
for one of the most relentless detachments in thc camp of the sabotage™ was the gentlemen-teachers, urged along by thc All-Bussian
Union of Teachers. The official sabotaged also, destroying thc central
apparatus of the former Ministry
of Public Instruction. Wc found
ourselves among ruins, without
guides, without actual connection
with the schools, without connection
with  the  provinces,  and  with  our
Treah Oat TUmttt, runeral Designs, Wedding Bouqueta, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shad. Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
II HMtin_e itmt East 7SMhraavllle Iti-wt
Btyatm 918-672 Seymour M13
■ i"    ' --11—-^-* i — —■
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
pedagogical forces limited to an unbelievable extent.
Still other impediments arose
along our road during the year. Suffice it to mention only onc—tho
transfer of tho commissariat to Moscow at the time of the German invasion, bofore the Brest treaty, a
necessity whieh destroyed a full half
of tho work that we had step by
step put in order.
Nevertheless, the central nppnrst-
i, and in a great measure also the
local, is at the present time work-
4ing harmoniously; the greator part
nf the. body of teachers (the lower
ranks) arc sincerely working with
us, the remaining part aro willy-nilly creeping along.
Let us say hero a few words in
regard to the apparatus by which
we have supplanted the old ministry
and its local organs. At thc head of
the commissariat stands the people 'a i
commissar and his assistant, and the
staff, consisting at present of seven
persons, which decides all current affairs that are outside the compel
ence of the branch of superintendents. Basic problems aro solved by
a state board of public education,
which, besides the members of tho
staff and the branch of superintend-
tents, includes also representatives
from- the centres of the Soviet government, from thc labor unions and
the workers' cultural organizations,
and from that part of .the body of
' teachers which is taking a stand of
loyal cooperation with tho Soviet
Finally, problems of special importance, for instance, regarding a
general school reform, are considered at the All-Russian conventions,
the first of which, well attended,
harmonious and imbued with communistic ideals, took place at Moscow in the    month of August.
In the provinces the work of public education is being. directed by
the departments of public instruction attached to the provincial
'gubcrnia")j county (ouyezd), city
ami lastly, the "volst," executive
committees. The provincial, county,
and city departments, corresponding
to thc central staff, have attached
to them councils of publio instruction corresponding in the provinces
to tho state board.
It is self-evident that the main
care of the commissariat for public instruction was the elaboration
of the basic principles for a radical
reform syitem to replace the school
apparatus inherited by us from the
czarist regimo.
'age of 16, and upon the foundation
of a general and poly technical education acquired'already. Tho school
is declared an absolutely lay institution; diplomas, in their character
of certificates granting special rights
are abolished; the classical languages are declered non-obligatory.
This school, unified in principle,
is divided into two grades; the first
of fivo years' duration, and the second of four years. This nine years'
: course is declared to be in principle
Our school will bc in fact accessible to all. To attain this end, not
only aro all tuition fees, abolished,
but the children are provided with
gratuitous hot food, and tho poorest
children with shoes and clothing. It
I goes without snying that all school
manuals arc offered ta the childron
free of charge by tho school.
Thc commissariat understates fully how immense are the difficulties
which it Mill meet with on itB road.
Tim country is ruined and famished,
there is a lack of manuals, even for
thc needs of tho old school, and still
more for thc immensely enlarged
new school. The commissariat, howl-ever, supported by the whole tfoviet
'government, will undertake the overcoming of this difficulty, and hopes
to master it if not at onco at least
in the near future.
Declaring thc nine years' course
to be obligatory in principle, tho
commissariat intrusts all i councils
with registering all children of
school age, with placing all those
whom it is physically possiblo to include in the schools among various
educational institutions; with giving to the reBt certificates showing
that they are outside tho school not
by omission or reluctance of tho parents. After finding out thc number
of children of school age in each
locality, the commissariat will immediately undertake the building of n
school system. It is proposed for Ihe
'next year to open 30,000 primary
and 2,000 secondary schools.
Work As tha Basis of Education
The labor character of the school
consists in the fuct that labor, pedagogical as well as, in particular,
productive labor, will be made thc
basts of teaching.
In the primary schools it will be
mostly work within the walls of tho
school, in the kitchen, in the garden,
in special workshops, etc. The labor must be of a productive character—in this way in particular, that
i the'children serve the needs of thc
'school community so far as thoir
strength wilt permit. It bears, at
thii grade, .mostly tho character of
domestic and artisan labor; in* the
Kiin **i Titles in Canada
{France Faces Bankruptcy
and Workers Gain
One of the prospects that disturb
statesmen in France is the possibil-
1 ity of revolution in that country.
Financial obligations of the state are
such that the Oerman indemnity is
considered necessary to save France
from bankruptcy and on top of this
I the radical movement, called Bolshevist, is growing-stronger, according to various reports.
Tho determination of left wing
forces to overthrow tho capitalist
'state in France is indicated in wide
circulation given to a declaration of
principles, as follows:
Workers Demand All Power
"The Socialist party, therefore,
presents to thc proletarian masses
and calls upon them to realize tho
following programme:
(1) The seizing of all power by
the proletariat; (2) the organization
of workmen's and peasants' councils; (-3) tho institution of obligatory work; (4) socialization of the
means of production and exchange
of land; of all industries^minCB,
transportation, real estate, undor the
direct control of peasants, workers,.
miners, transport workers, naval
workers, postoffice workers and of
the tenants, etc.; (5) distribution of
the product created by means of co-
| operation and municipal store-houses
'under tbe control of the community;
/*i\ * * •**■*■--     ~   -•
Only Onee Does the Human Hand Ever
Touch a Loaf of SHELLY'S 4-X BREAD
AND that hand is the hand that lifts the shaped dough
from the moulding machine to the pan in which it is
baked.   From the time the flour is placed in thc dough*
mixer machinery doos all the work, producing thousands of
loaves in ths same time it takes the housewife to bake four.
Tbvi   baa  It
Imn m a * •
riiilbta t *
_ r better
tread at *
Im e«it than
It ean b»
baked al
Mont .
raiment M
Class Education Abolished
In place of schools of all varieties
and kinds—which formerly were
sharply divided into a lower school
for the plain people, aud the middle
scho olfor the privileged elans and
the well-to-do people, and divided
further into schools for boys and
thoso for girls, into technical and
classical secondary schools, general
nnd special school institutions—thc
commissariat   has   introduced   tho
bu.(iiii._H>Hiaa.i.      iim.-i      llliruuiU-VU      TOO I ■"""   ""■""*   ■•pivmunnuuii,    iihtii,   nil)
United Workers'   School   covering.^™19111011 to tfte vocational prepara-
._■_.   i-nt-ii-.-   U«li   «#   i%*   ■*«« j 1 tlon.   in.   In   trnner*..   it.rma    ih..   lahM
the entire length of the course of
The unity of this school should
be understood in two ways: First,
that the class divisions are abolished and. the school adopts a continuous grade system. In principle, every
child of the Bussian republic enters
a school of an identical type and
has the same chances as every other
to complete its higher education.
Seeond, that up to the age of 16,
*** ' '"■ " """ *ncd.  It is
docs not
of tho
of forms
.leciaii lathe word
lining the
a  city, naturally, approaehing more
if j type of workshop, in the village ._
~ | typo of a farm. It is proposed, howover to transfer in tho summer time
all city school activities ns far us
possiblo to the village places.
In the secondary schools the productive and the brood social character of labor is emphasized still
moro sharply. Wc deal here with
children from thirteen years up.
From this age there is possible an
easy but real labor outside of the
schools; the participation in 'factory
or shop work, the helping in serious
farm work, the co-operation in some
business enterprise, tho co-operation
in some social or state undertaking.
From this age up we are uniting the
labor of the children, the participation of the child in the social struggle for existence, and its development with its education. The school,
without losing sight of the youngster, protecting it from harm, turning each act of its labor to thc benefit of its general physical and mental development, will lead it into the
very tangle of social productive
This task is thc most novel and
the most representative. Only by
thc way of experience and by an attentive co-operation of the teacher
with the technical staff of thc workers' administration of factories and
workshops, shall we be able to feel
out gradually the correct method of
close relationship between tho ped-
agogicnl and the industrial life.
In the meantime, wc meet here
with that very peculiarity which is
proper only to the communist way
of solving the school problem.
Every time Marx happened to
speak of education he turned to
child labor, and laid stress upon thc
circumstance that not the prohibition of child labor, but the regulat- ]
ing and transforming of It into a'
poly technical basis of education by
way of a rational co-ordination with
science, physical exercises, and
esthetic development—will create a
harmonious and truly modern man.
Such is, in genoral terms, the lubor
basis of our general education
school. To be sure, somo specialization is also possible for the youth,
the learning by choice of this or
the otber technical branch, individual schools of secondary grade may,
too, in conformity with local conditions, concentrate thcir attention up.
on the local production—in such a
manner, however, as to develop in
the pupil through the example of
the specinl production, all in the
pupil through the example of the
special production, all potential
abilities uu 1 to acquaint him or her
with the whole of culture and not
confine too closely to the specialty,
The actual specialization, then, tho
(6)  transformation   of   the    entire ispitc Ijhe traditional meaning of the
hurmmnmov «nj« «.* .ii.—* —*—»j family name that the French crown
lias finally vanished, beyond thc last
'shadow of forget fulness.
.   ,    .....,u...u   ui    inv    emirc
bureaucracy under the direct control
of thc employees; (7) disarmament
by means of the union of all tho
proletarian republic in the Socialist
It is known that .Lenine and tho
Bolshevist state of Bussia are in
touch with the radical movement in
France and that Lenine confidently
expects his French comrades at
least to prevent France from attacking tho German Bolshevist state
which is soon to be established;, according to-plans of Lenino and his
German Rebel Assassins
" Only Sentenced to
.,    Two Years
i Three of the persons on trial
i charged with tho murder of Dr. Karl
Leibknecht and Bosa Luxemburg
during tho Spartacan disorders
last winter, were convicted by thc
[court martial. The Hussar named
Kunge, who was accused in connection with tho death of both Dr.
Leibknecht and Frnulcin Luxemberg
was one of those convicted. He was
sentenced to two yeara in prison
and four years deprivation of civil
rights. Lieut Kurt Vogel was sentenced to two years in prison, and
four months under arrest, with dismissal from the service. Lieut Bitt-
maun was sentenced to six weeks
under arrest.
Lieut Vogcl has escaped from
custody according to reports receiv
ed since the above verdict. Ab no
Details of the escape are given it
can only be surmised that the get
away was deliberately planned or
connived in by the authorities.
First Lieutenant Vovel, suspected
of firing the shot that killed Boss
Luxembcug, admitted that he gave
a false account of what occurred to
| avoid discrediting the military authorities. The officer who is charged
with having shot Liebknecht in the
back admits that his victim was fired upon at a distance of aix or seven paces, claiming that Liebknecht
was running away at the time. A
chambermaid swears that she heard
this officer at the hotel tell the
crowd about Leibknecht's automobile to "hit that swine," adding
later: "Don't let that man reach
thc jail alive."
[By W. E. Cleveland]
The leader of the opposition at
| Ottawa It reported to have said,
during the debate on the resolution
in favor of the abolition of titles,
[that "We are apt to go too far
along the lines of democracy, forgetting the magnificent stability
that is given the country by the fact
thst we have a King. "It 'would
not be well," ho said, "to strike
to close to tho roots, lest that stability be disturbed."
If ever there was time when
Kings and emperors and tho stability whioh they are alleged to engenders were at a ruinous discount, that
time began in August, 1914, and the ■
end is not yet. The emperor of Germany, Russia and Austria; the king*
'of Bulgaria, Roumania, Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, and the sultan of
Turkey have all been put out of
business temporarily or permanently
while tho people of Portugal have
insisted at the point of the bayonet
that their one-time king must never
come back. Thc King of Great Britain has just enough "stability" to
hang on to the office, by the toleration of his so-called subjects, while
overy vest age of governmental authority has long since been taken
out of his hands.
The leader of tho opposition, "of
His Majesty's loyal opposition,"
why, by the way, would be interesting as Sir How—f is voicing a stock
phrase, or sentiment, which was as
.obsolete as the dodo, when be gave
[it his first and only thought, at thc
'kindergarten. It excites a sort of
plaintive curiosity, to sec a newly-
appointed Canadian leader wearing
the many plumes of the French Bou-
CagSSr) 1150 PER YEAB-
_   Miny i  .__.	
bons, who at least must learn de
Trail. Charter Revoked
Tho following notice appears iu
the current issuo of the organ of tho
International Union of Mine, Mill &
Pays to
Dress Well!
Whether you be worker or buiineu mtn,
whether you be store assistant or stenographer, whether you be man or woman, it
pays you to have stylish clothes satisfactorily
made to your own individuality, flood clothes
impress your personality upon all, whether employer or customer, and conduce highly to
your benefit. The best made clothes conferring the highest individuality are thoae mad*
by us—moreover, they are truest economy,
representing the extreme in clothing values.
liUbliihMl 1010
$35 up
women's suns
Smelter Workers, published at Denver, Colorado:
To the Officers and Members of all
Locul Unions of the Iiii-erimiiomil
Union of Mine, Mill ond Smelter
Tou nre hereby- officially advised
for good and sufficient reasons thc
International Eiecutive Board has
revoked the charter of the Trail Hill
and Smeltermen's Union, No. 10S,
Trail, B. C, and you will therefore
be governed accordingly.
President   International   Onion   of
Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers.
Washington—Hore than * 1,500.-
1000 will be saved by the fanners
'this year by the government making
available nt reduced prices large
quantities of nitrate for fertiliser.
Thn department of agriculture has
150,000 tons of it, which will bo sold
at cost.
.*-*...—.   .„   ...v   .-*.»-..««-.  |>t-c|min-
tion. is, in goneral terms, tho labor
basis of uur general education third
grade, beginning with the age of
sixteen, in schools which we call
higher nnd in institutions of the ex-
tension-teaching type.
City and County Schools
The commissariat considers it very
desirable to do away ia schools of
[secondary grade with the involuntary but excessive division between
the city and the village schools. Not
only is it necessary to transform the
city school* in summer time into colonies, but to bring in pupils of the
village secondary schools, in winter
time, into the factory and cultural
centres. The realization ef this
great reform, which is outlined here
but briefly, ond waieh was worked
out by the eommissuriat with the cooperation of tho All-Russian convention in matters of publio instruction
in a relatively detailed manner, requires, of course, a considerable
number of well-prepared teachers.
The school policies of the commissariat were confined to the following: (1) To check as far as possible the influence of the sabotaging
All-Russian teachers' union; (2) to
unite in a broad trade union, particularly the lower grade teachers,!
upon the foundation of the so-called'
-union of Teachers-Iuternstionalists;
|-(3) to equalize as regards their
rights the teachers of the primary
ami secondary grades, bringing thc
remuneration of thcir work also to
one level; (4) to aid by ull means
.the development end the Increase
sof educational institutions for thc
preparation of teachers; (fi) mean*
wlifle to have rccource, as far as
possible, to tho organization of
teachers' courses.
These policies have been approved by a number of teachers' conventions, and they have found a
definite expression in their last
points at tho Moscow conference de-
Voted to the problem of preparing
The commissariat has attained a
roal success on all the points indicated. Thc teachers' union is disabled and is asking forgiveness. The
ranks of thc lower teachers aro being organised successfully, and the
1 mnny telegrams of greeting received
from the teachers' conventions show
,a growing sympathy for the Soviet
[government on the part of tho public ticQool teachers*
Union Store
For $15.00 we offer you a large range of Suits, the regular price from $21.00 to $25.00. Don't miss them. Only $15.00.
For $20.00 we offer you' a fine range of Tweeds and
Worsteds, in plain and fancy patterns. In this range you will
find suits regularly priced from $27.50 to $40.00. Now only '
$20.00. You can't afford to miss them.
In the Furnishings Department
We Offer the Following Snaps
Odd Line Arrow Collars _ Se each
Odd Line Arrow Shirts, 30 per cent, discount.
Five pairs Cotton Sox   $1.00
Odd Line Under Drawers, values to $1.00 for.
Work Shirts, regular $2.00 and $2.25, for	
Work Shirts, good for Summer wear, regular $1.25 for 80c
Suspenders  40c
Odd Caps, prices up to $2.25, now ....$1.00 each
Union Made Overalls $1.75, $1.95, $2.15, and $2.45
(Twin Bute—G.W.G.—Mogul—Carhart)
Regular $6.00 and $6.50 Pants, now only.	
Five White Handkerchiefs for 50c
The Jonah-Prat Co.
Corner Homer
Published overjr Fridty morning hy The B. C.
Fedomtionist, Limited
A. S. WELLS...
Office:   Labor  Temple,  405 Dunamulr  Street.
Telephone Exchange, Seymour 7405
After 6 p.m., Sey. 7497K
Subscription Bates: United State* and Foreign,
♦2.00 per year; Canada, $1.50 per -fear; in
Vancouver City, $2.00 per year; to Unions sub*
scribing in a body, $1.25 per member per year.
Unity of Labor:  Ihe Hope of the World
...May  SO, 191D
ing.    Loud has been the denunciations of those in oharge of the situation.
In spite of all the contradictions given out
by responsible Labor
MUST men, the picas and
TAXI OP the  government re-
CHALLENOE. preventatives   still
take thc attitude
that thc strike is a revolutionaiy onc. Tho
Vancouver Daily World is thc only ex-
ception that has come to our notice, and
in an editorial, that paper has stated that
to say the strike is revolutionary, is misrepresentation. Thc strike is not a revolutionary strike, and while it has spread,
and many cities are now tied up, and
others may follow, thc demand for the
right of collective bargaining cannot be
called revolutionary action.
*      *      *
The Manchester Guardian in commenting on the strike says:
The present upheaval can not be conveniently
amounted for by the familiar bogeys of Bolshevism and Oerman machinations. Profiteering .on
a scale unknown in this country has been rife.
At the same time the scarcity of labor and the
vital importance of the ends to which it haB
been directed made tho workmen realize that
now for the first time the remedy for abuses is
in their own hands. The domands of the strikers apparently are no more drastic than those
which have already beon conceded in this country.
We do not, however, have to go to Manchester to prove that the right of collective bargaining is the custom. There are
many oases in this country which will
prove that this has been the custom here.
Senator Robertson may define collective
bargaining as he may wish at this date,
but he himself has taken part in negotiations in the West, where thc negotiations
have been carried on through the medium
of the Central Metal Trades Council. This
happened at the time of the shipyard
strike. Thc Government of which the
Senator is Minister of Labor, has also
recognized this right of the workers. By
order-in-council during thc war, the government went on record as supporting
thc right of the workers to bargain collectively. It also went further than that,
when it appointed the Murphy Commission to deal with the shipyard situation,
the commission dealing with the Metal
Tradea Councils of Vancouver and Victoria.
*      #      *
issue? They should. The government
has made a political issue out of the
strike. Then let the workers make a political issuo out of these other questions
and stay out until they are settled. What
about the franchise? Is the next election
to be fought under a war-times election
act? Is conscription to remain in effect?
These are a few of thc issues that the
workers should take up and settle before the present strike is called off.
Theso questions can bc settled by the
people, and without a revolution, by
passive tactics on the part of the workers. Will they adopt the tactics that will
give them not only the right to collective
bargaining, but a knowledge of their
power, and at thc same time some
of the things that they have been asking
for these many moons. Thc issue is political. The workers must take thc matter up on those lines, and wring political concessions from the master class, and
beat them at their own game. Will they
sec the opportunity?   Wo hope so,
, copy of a folder, issued by the Fidel-
ity-Phcnix Fire Insurance  Company of
New York, with Canadian offices at Montreal.    On first  glance
THAT these folders would ap-
FOUL UE pear to bc thc usual fire
AGAIN. insurance    prospectus,
but on opening, the old
story of the nationalization of women in
Russia appears. This story is still doing
duty in spite of the fact that it has been
branded as untrue by those that first
published it. We have dealt with this
matter before, but so long as these damnable lies are being circulated, we will be
compelled to refute them.
*      tt      *
Humphrie, the young American Red
Cross worker, has branded this story as a
lie. He was there when the decree was
posted in Samara, and he states that it
was put up by a number of young aristocrats, who blamed it on the anarchists.
The American correspondent that first
got a copy of thc so-called decree, was
offered a copy of the repudiation, but
would not take it, saying that it was too
good a story to spoil. And that is a fact,
it was too good a story to spoil with the
truth. It was too good a story to discredit the Bolsheviki with to have thc
truth known, and that is the only reason
that this story is being published by the
ruling class. As usual, however, the
workers arc being charged with the crime
which capitalism is thc father of,
*      *      *
fusod to deal with a body known aa the' Metal
Trades Council, which is elected by other em<
ployees outside of their own.
"Twenty-four hours before the sympathetic,
strike waB called, tho premier of Manit0bti*Wged
an adjustment of the matters in disputo bv arbi
tration and, in a fina) attempt to avert a., goneral
strike, asked the committee if ther would cancel the itrike, provided the employers would
agree to recognize the Metal Trades Council. To
thiB a negative reply was given.
"Subsequently, oventB have proved-Conclusively that the motivo behind the general strike
effort was the purposo of assuming control and
direction of industrial affairs, also of municipal,
provincial and Fedoral activities, so far as they
were being carried on in this city, and with the
avowed intention of extending that control to a
wider field.
"I havo no hesitation In saying that the
"One Big Union" movement is the underlying
cause of the whole trouble, and thai the Winnipeg genoral strike dosorvos no sympathy or support from the labor organizations outside of
"Minister of Labor."
From the above it can readily be seen
that the intentions of the workers to organize on industrial lines has put the fear
of the Lord in the hearts of the ruling
The grand jury at thc Assizes in Van*
couver places the blame on the Dominion
Government for the unrest. While not
accepting this view altogether, and
realizing that conditions over which the
government has no control, but which
are thc result of the present capitalistic
system, and whioh will never bc removed
as long as that system remains, yet the
views expressed are interesting after having read the Minister of Labor's tirade.
The views of the grand jury are as follows:
"While we were glad to observe an absence
of any signs of widespread erime, we think it
right to place on record our boliof that a serious
state of unrest is prevalent among the masses
of the people.
"Believing as we do that such unrest is due
in large measure to the privations caused by
the increasing price of the necessaries of life,
we consider a grave responsibility will attach to
any government refusing or foiling to grapplo
with this problem, and in particular, wo would
deplore any attempt to sidetrack the mattor by
tho appointment of commissions of . inquiry,
which would leavo the interests of classes now
benefiting by the higher prices, free to continue
thcir exactions at the expense of the masses
of the people."
VANCOUVfflti B. 0.
..May 30, 1M»
Knight and O'Connor to
Speak at National
The speakers for next Sunday
will bo Comrade Tom Connor and
Joe Knight.
Doors opes at 2 p.m., meeting to
commenco at 2:30. Questions and
discussion are in order.
In view of the rapid changes tak*
ing place in human society today,
and the present economlo conditions
in general, it beoames. more important every day that the workers bb
a class, delve into, and find out for
themselvos, what they are faced with
in ordor to obtain a definite understanding of the problems that confront them in this yoar ef grace,
Seeing that ninety per cent of the
roturned men aro workera, and must
of necessity find a job in order to
live (when tho little hand-out given
by the govornment has passed into
history, which hand-out is nothing
more or loss than surplus value, extracted from thom previous to joining the army, or from the workers
who remained in industry. AU
working class probloms are theirs.
This council "was organized primarily to propagate working class
knowledgo amongst ex-servico men
for we realize the necessity of them
lining up with labor organizations.
Successful meetings aro being
held on Sunday afternoons in tho
National Theatre.
Quality Is Your
Come  in  and
over men's wear,
we can prove this to
Whether  it  be  a  Suit,
Bhirti or Cndtrwear, you
are   sure   of   satisfaction.
Holiday goods galore.
Flannel   or   White   Duck
Pants |3.00 to f 8.50
Sport Shirts....$2.00 to $3.00
Apparel for Men
820 Granville Street
Let us take a look at the position of the
women folk of this continent. Let us take
a look at thc slums of the great cities,
where the children, male and female, are
faced with conditions, that breed degeneracy, as soon as they sec the light of day.
Let us look further, and investigate into
the conditions in the industries, and departmental stores, where women are employed at starvation wages, which compels them to sell their sex favors for the
common necessities of life. We need not
go to the United States to see conditions
One of the daily papers this week had
a press despatch dated May 26th, from
London, England, which stated that Mr.
Tom Richardson, ex-M.P. for Whitehaven,
was leaving for this country. Despite
the uncomplimentary remarks about Mr.
Richardson in the despatch in question,
the news is a little stale in view of the
fact that Mr. Richardson has been in
Vancouver for a month or more. It may
be true that he is good at spade work,
but will cut little ice, as the despatch
says. The fact remains that he w^s one
of the members of the House that was defeated by thc Lloyd George gan*g, and
did not run with the reactionary labor
members. This is possibly thc reason for
the uncomplimentary remarks. Vancouver and B. C. labor men will await the
first appearance of Mr. Richardson on
the platform before making up their
minds as to the ice he will cut  in the
New York.—Prediction that tho
British Labor Party would assume
the reins of government in England
with the next chango of administration, which, he declared, might come
"sooner than is expected," wus
made hero by James H. Thomas,
British labor leader and member of
tho House of Commons. Mr.
Thomas made the prediction iu an
informal talk with leaders of the
Central Federated Union, which ro*
eently launched an American Labor
Party along lines similar to those of
the British party.
Watoh the mummy
Prices:   16c, 35c and 50c
The Railroad Brotherhoods havo for
many years carried on the negotiations
for increased wages through their central
organizations. The C. P. R. employees,
through their Federated Trades Boards,
have also conducted thcir collective bargaining. What is there new in this that
has raised the fears of the ruling class?
When Senator Robertson was appointed
Minister .of Labor, we stated that he could
not bc worse than his predecessor. We
made a mistake, for Mr. Crothers would
have never made such a fool decision as
that made by the present minister. He
has this week been heralded as Labor's
own representative on the cabinet. He is
not Labor's representative, and never has
been. He is the representative of the ruling class, and was appointed by it. If«j
he ever had claim to being a Labor man,
he has forfeited it now and forever. He
has acted worse than a real member of
the-ruling class would have done. His
talk of Soviet Government, and revolutionary strikes is humbug behind which
he is hiding his capitalistic mentality. No
man can serve two masters.   He can not
VPprpRf-nt phi,it'll  and  Li'*"*' ttt. thp. sume
time. The Winnipeg situation was not
an overnight growth. It has been brought
about by many years of oppression by
thc metal trades aud building trades employers. Thcir attitude lias for many
years been antagonistic to labor organizations, and it is because of their attitude
that thc workers wore compelled to take
the action they did.
*       *       »
Since our last issue tho situation  has
changed materially.  It has assumed a political aspect.    The Minister  of   Lubor,
who is the representative of thc government, is supposed to act in a neutral capacity iu struggles between capital and
labor.   He has not done so, and if there
are any workers still left that do not see
the class nature of governments, and the
class they represent, they must bc blind.
The government has, through its Minister of Labor, thrown down the gauntlet.
That he has properly represented the government is shown by the Premier, who in
a weak manner endorses tho stand taken.
Labor throughout the country is aroused
as never before.   In spite of the "knowledge of thc intent of the  ruling  class,
which is to crush out any attempt to form
an industrial organization, and il* possible to use force iu the doing ol*  it, the
workers cannot afford not to take up the
challenge.   Not only should they take up
the challenge, but they must carry thc
war into the enemy's camp.   They must
adopt a programme that will give them
the support of thc  general  population.
They must, now that the fight has been
precipitated, take measures to see that
the government rectifies some of thc conditions that are almost intolerable. What
about thc soldiers' grievances; cannot thc
workers secure their  settlement   before
the strike is called off.   Cannot thc real
troubles of the soldiers' dependents be
•cttled at the same time as  the  striko
' ?e,e conaiuons | working class movement in this country.
that have been thc cause ot hundreds of I 	
the girls of thc working class being '
driven to desperation and the brothel.
Let us also look at thc men who patronize
these places, and we will find that the
greatest number of them are the men
from the ranks of thc ruling class. Economic conditions has made it necessary
tor women to sell their bodies for thc
common necessities of life. The same conditions have made it impossible for large
numbers of men to marry and have families, and economic conditions in society
have made the ruling class degenerate,
sexual perverts, and the habitues of
places which the average man would not
enter under any conditions. If it were
possible in a newspaper to do so, we could
give a story that would make decent folks
blush with shame because they belonged
to the same species that produced thc degenerates that spring from the ruling
class. No doubt thc young aristocrats
that posted the infamous document,
would like to have the women nationalized, their counterparts ou this continent
have shown their contempt for womanhood, or they would not allow the conditions to remain that has wrought the women of the working class to the streets
To them, women only mean profits or the
means of satisfying their depraved and
degenerate natures. With economic and
political freedom as there is iu Russia, it
would bc impossible to establish the nationalization of women. And the women
iu that country have both political and
economic freedom. But what, is the use
of attempting to use logic on a class in society that bases its rule ou force, and
gathers ils profits and luxury from human
slavery. Tlie working class is trying, and
will eventunlly succeed, iu placing women
in their rightful sphere, where they shall
not be exploited, either by the lords of
creation for sex purposes, or for indus-
trial purposes by a class that lives and fattens on thc misery of a slave class. Their
slimy lies make decent people sick. Their
insensate greed and deviltry hastens the
end of thc class rule and robbery.
JL to the Mayor of Calgary gave his
opinions of thc strike in Winnipeg. He
also makes, assertions that arc not only
silly, but blames thc One Big Union movement for thc trouble.
TWO The suggestion  that  it
POINTS OF       is au  attempt  to  take
VIEW over thc powers of gov
ernment   is    ludicrous.
The wiro was as follows:
"Replying lo your telegram. I have been
here since Thnrstjlay last and have very carefully considered the cause of the existing general
strike, which trot cnlled for tile purposo of forcing upon certnin employers recognition of the
workmen's right lo collective bargaining.
"The employe*, affoeted prove conclusively
that they had no objection to their employees
orijoni'/ing themselves and theso employers linvo
dc'ilt with committees of their employees, elected its representative* of the various crnft unions
concerned In their i idtistry. Tlio employers huvo
furthermore expressed perfect willingness to
meet and confer vitli executive officers of the
Mr. N. G. Neill, of the B. C. Employers
Association, at a meeting called by Col.
Mulloy in the O'Brien hall on Tuesday
evening, stated "that co-operation was
the oidy way we will ever bring about
unity in this country," etc., etc. This is
fine sounding stuff coming from thc man
that penned thc letter recently sent out I
to thc employers of this province, andl
which we reproduced a week or two ago
It is also fine talk coming from a man,
that recently told officers of the B. C. Fed*
eration of Labor, when in conference over
the Powell River Paper Workers' strike,
that the men had never asked thc company for the union shop, when he must
have known, if he knew anything about
the matter he was discussing, that the
men when presenting their demands,
asked for the union shop agreement. This
was replied to by the company by letter,
and the men again replied that they must
have that kind of an agreement. Surely
Air. Neill is cither an hypocrite or ignorant. In any case, he is a fine specimen
to bc talking of co-operation. Might we
suggest that the employers who are members of thc Employers Association, either
stop talking of better relations, or see
that thcir representative docs not give
them away by his misstatements, and confidential letters.
Montreal.—Eight hundred opera,
tives employed by *tho Acme Glove
Company went on strike Wodnesday
for a 35 pep cent, increase in wages,
44-hour week and recognition of
their union. The company offered a
15 per cent, increase but wishod to
maintain an open shop.
Seattle.—Endorsement of the genernl strike in Winnipeg and through*
out Canada was wired to the Dominion workers by the Seattle Central
Labor Council Wodnesday. Resolutions instructing officials to send the
telegrams were passed without debate at Wednesday night's meoting.
Tho Central Couucil also decided to
submit referondum ballots to- all
unions to determine whether or not
the local labor organizations favor
tho soviot plan of govornment. The
delegates passed resolutions asking
immediate removal of American
troops from Bussia.
Merry Musical Comedy
Other Big  Features
Not very long ago iu the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, thc statements
ot* President Winch before the Rotary
Club wore discussed. President Winch
did not mix his words when he stated that
thc workers did not make thc class war,
but that thc class struggle was in existence, or words to that effect. The attitudo assumed by the presidont of the central body was questioned by the daily
press, and members of the employing
class. After tho mattor had been thoroughly discussed, one of thc delegates,
Geo. Hardy, moved that the statements of
the president bc endorsed. This motion
was carried. Strange to say, howevetythe
mover of thc motion has evidontly lost his
viewpoint of that time, and we have been
wondering if the class struggle has bsen
eliminated from this individual's vision,
by another vision iu thc shape of $250 per
month, lt is truer than ever in these
days, that a man cannot serve two masters. . • i
Chaplcau, Ont.—Trains over the
Canadian National Railway line are
feeling tho offect of the extending
strike situation. The trains on tho
governmont road west bound Tuesday and Wednesday were without
porters or dining-car help. Sleeping
car passengers had to mako up thcir
own berths last night, while thc
dining-car equipment of kitchen ond
tablos wero placed at tho disposal
of the passengers for serving their
own mculs.
In Rainier Hotel Block
High-grade tvork promptly ox«
ecutcd. Member of Watchmakers'  Union from its inception.
The brilliant wit of the bar looked
at tho moon-faced farm laborer, and
winked at his friends and whispered, "Now we'll have some fun."
"Have yon been married!" he began. "Yc-etj," staniinored the laborer, "once." "Whom did you
marryt" "A w-w-w-woman. Did
you ever hear of any ono marrying
a manf" "Yo-s-es, sir; my aistor
Patronize Fed.  advertisers.
Accused of Aiding Draft Evaders
but Jury aave Favorable
Dave Aitken, who was arrested
last summer along with Joe Naylor
on the eharge of aiding draft evaders, was acquitted at tho Nanaimo
assizes last week. R. M. MacDonald of Bird, MacDonald nnd EarJoj
acted on behalf of Aitken at thl
trial. The trial was by jury, Mr.
Justice Hunter presiding, and in
his.summing up he did not favor thc
accused, but, as stated, the jury
jury brought in a verdict of not
Union Daily Gains
Tho Seattle Union Daily Record,
with a circulation of 60,000—the
capacity of the press—has made
great inroa-ds into the circulation of
the capitalist dallies. The Star has
been compelled, not only to chango
its policy, but has been forced to
give its rag away in order to keep
up its circulation.
Edmonton—The unions of this
city have organized a co-operative
association, and opened a grocery
and meat business ,with a capitalization of $10,000.
Union Bank of Canada
Paid Up Capital and Reserve $   8,999,792
Total Assets, over 139,000,000
Special attention paid to SAVINGS ACCOUNTS and out-of.
town eustomen.   Safety deposit boxes to rent,
Vancouver Branches:
Hastings and Bichards, Cordova and Abbott Streets, Mount
.At J. N. Harvey's Clothing Stores.
The ''law and order" flagwavnlg,
profiteering, fireside patriots arc again
on thc warpath in Winnipeg. For
two weeks agents of these gents have
tried—without success—to goad the
strikers to acts oi' violence. Now this
body of plutocrats have come out into
tho open and arc creating the trouble-
just as thoy always have done—knowing
full well that tlie powers of suppression
will eventually be used against the
various organiiatious, it desired, but they re|of one hundred}
/ ment j. i
Why should auy worker bo without
the necessities of life when onc worker
ean produce enough to satisfy tho needs
J. Ne Harvey, Limited
Suit Service for Men
Our ability to offer genuine "value"-—
"quality" with "style"—in men's suits
is well illustrated in the display of new
clothing received this week. Come in
and see them.
J. N. Harvey
125-127 Hastings St. West
Also 61.-81- Yatei Street
vieWA,.*. ft*.;;;-.*,.':  •
two union woiBi ro» war
A Birks' Sterling Silver Vase, Cake Plate, or Basket
makes a handsome addition to the home of the bride
for the rest of her Ufe, It hst beauty,
durability, usefulness.
Whatever the amount you would expend ou your gift yoa sre sure to find
that whioh is exactly suitable.
Call and look round the
OranviUe and Georgia its,
"The House Behind the Goods"
Deeds reveal the station of the man, no matter
what the tonguo speaks.
"Strike Notice"
UNION MEN, do you know
that the next strike in Vancouvor is going to be an
It will be the greatest strike
for you, provided you hold a
paid-up membership in the SUB-
Don't wait until "EVEBY-
BODY" knows there is oil in tke
Fraser Valley.
All the Directors of thli Company
are, er formerly were, UNION men,
representing FIVE different Unions.
Thty know your poillion, therefore
yon are ••■•red ot s itralfht deal.
The 8URRST OIL CO. shares an
the beet buy fn the city. Call and
I will prove it. LIMITED ISSUE, 5
cents per share.
Small upltsllutlon, Urn hold-
Oet your orders la QUICK. Can
only be obtained from
G. Gatheral Fleming
Phone Sey. 4347
Open till 9 Saturday evening
Bank of Toronto
■As*-*" over »100,000,000
■OoP-artts    79,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Serin,. Account msy bi
opened at Tke Bsnk ot Toronto
in the name of two or more
persons. In tbess accounts either
Party msy sign chevies or deposit
_**_*} Jt ■<*» -Whisnt members
i. e"™' "Is* *~ » 1«'»' account
is alien a greTt convenience. Interest
Is paid on balances.
Vancouver Branch-
Oerasr Hastiais aid OunMe Streets
_, Branches  at:
Victoria,   Merrill, Mew Wsstmiasur
made the same shade
as your own
Dental Plates a Specialty
Opan Evenings 7 to B o'Clock
Dental Nurse In Attendanco
Cornor of Kobion  Struct
Over Owl Drug Store
Phona Sa/. 8238
1100 OaerfU Straat
Sunday services, IL a.m, and 7.90 p.n
Sunday aoliool immediately following
morning eorvloe. Wednesday testimonial
meeting, 0 p.m, Free reading room,
901-908   Birks. Bldg.
If   you   want   yonr   motorcycle   or
bicycle    overhauled   or   repaired   at
rusHonnble prices, pay us a visit.
We buy and sell uaed machines of
all kinds. We repair sewing machines. Lawn mowers sharpened. Get
our  prices  before  buying.
.« MAIM ST.  (nesr Hastings)
Seymour 2751
-Look for the Big Red Arrow 8i£n'
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building:
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster!
Can TOU sell our Sickness and Accl-1
dent Policies t Tho oost Is small I
(81.00 per month and ap), the benefit I
Is large. p
(All accidents and every known  diseaso covered.)
We give good service, and need good I
men to represent us In all parts of j
British Columbia.
Merchants Casualty Co. |
Sogers Building       Vsneourer, B. O.
■Ini np Phoae lejmonr ISM tot J
Dr. W. J. Curry
ItdU Ml Dominion BiilAlflf
V-JKJOUVIB, B. O. t'-UDAT.—.. .Hay 30, IM.
Patronize Federationitt Advertisers
Ron The? An, Indexed for Vott
Mr. -anion M»n, out Thin Out ud aire tt to Vou Wife
Bunk of Toronto, Bastings & Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 13 Branches in Vancouver, 29 in B. C
Union Bank of Canada, Hastings and   Bichards; Cordova and Abboti,
'kLbvjwjm ikau, No. 22    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancocvbb, b. c
Mount Pleasant.
Tisdallt Limited...
Krulejr a Co	
J. A. Flett	
..Phone Fairmont il
Fockot Billiard Parlor...
...018 Hastings Btreet West
..348 Main Street, Soymour 2781
..Hastings Street West
.42 Hastings Street East
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Rooms) ....■.......'.'.'.'.....IHoStings Street East
Boots and Shoes
Johnstons Big Shoe Store. ....'.......:..... 409 Hastings West
Goodwin Shoe Co., ..........   *■*   _
Nodelay Shoe Co...
Pierre Paris.
*VV'm. Dick Ltd	
Ii'-gledew. Shoe Store...
...110 Hastings Street East
 1047 Oranvillo Street
...64 Hastings Stroet* Wost
 Hustings Street East
 000 Oranvillo Street
Bank Buffet Corner Hastings and Homer Stroets
Oood Eats Cafo 110 Cordova and 622 Pender West
Trocadoro Cafe 106 Hastings Street West
China ware and Toys
...419 Hastings Street West
Millar * Coe. Ltd...
Fl Doro and all Union Label Cigars
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
'Arnold & Quigley .646 OranviUe Street
Claman's Ltd   153 Hastings Street West
Clubb It Stewart  '    --    ..»-..
[ B. C. Outfitting Co.
B. O. Tailoring Co...
Wm. Dick Ltd.,
ifl-315 Hastings Street West
...342 Hastings Street West
.128 Hastings Street East
I ffhos. Foster & Co., Ltd...
I 3. W. Foster & Co., Ltd...
...33-49 Hastings Stroet East
 514 Oranrille Streot
.345 Hastings Street West
I J. N. Harver Ltd 125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. C.
(Hudson's Bay Co ■..,.... Corner Granville and Georgia
IThe Jonah-Prat Co   .401 Hastings Street West
l»ew Tork OutfHtting Co 143 Hastings Streot Wtat
IKickson'a  -"*'- " ■■■- e....-.-*.
K David Spencer Ltd...
IW. B. Brumitt...
...820 Granville Street
.......Hastings Street
I Thomas ft McBain.
..Cordova Street
...Granville Street
I Woodwards Ltd ...Hastings and Abbott Streets
|T. B. Cuthbertsons ft Co Grnnvillo Street and Hastings Street
I Kirk ft Co, Ltd 929 Main St, Seymour 1441 and 465
I Maodonald Marpole Co „„ 1001 Main Street
[Hillcrest Dairy
I Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Casselman 602 Hastings West
I Dr. W. J. Curry ..301 Dominion Building
I Dr. Gordon Campbell Corner Granville and Hobson Stroots
I Dr. H. E. Hall 19 Hastings Street East, Seymour 4042
[ Dr. Lowe Cornor Hastings and Abbott Streets
Bunk Buffett...
i Britannia Beer...
...Cor Hastings and Homer Streets
...Westminster Brewery Co.
Cascade Beer Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
Ta«i—Soft Drinks 409 Dunsmuir Street
.Van Bros Ciders and wines
Dry Goods
Cordon Drysdale Ltd » Granvillo Street
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd 48 Hastings East and 728 Granvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center ft Hanna Ltd 1049 Georgia, Seymour 2425
Nunn, Thomson ft Olegg.. 531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co 41 Hastings Street West
i Canadian Furniture Co Hastings Street West
I Cal*Van Market Hastings Street Opposite Punlagcs
I "Slaters" (three stores) Hastings, Granvillo and Main Streets
IS. T. Wallace Markctarla 118 Hastings Street West, Seymour 1206
I Woodwards Hastings and Abbott Streets
■ Spencers Ltd. Hastings Street
■ Hudson's Bay Co „ Granvillo Street
Merchants' Casualty Co...
...Rogers Building
Birks Ltd _ Granville and Georgia Streets
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
H. Malkin (Malkin'a Best)
Overalls and Shirts
I'Twin Bute (Jns. Thomson ft Sons, Vancouver, B. C.)
^'Big Horn" Brand (Turner Boeton ft Co, Victoria, B, C.)
punter-Henderson Paint Co 642 Granville Street
Printers and Engravers
bwan ft Brookhouse... Lobor Templi
lellnnd-Dibblo Towor Building
, 0. E...
 and the ..0.
N. B.
J A. Flett Hastings Street West
lartin, Finlaysoa ft Mather. Hastings Street West
Theatres and Movies
fripross   Orpheum  Pnntagos  -Columbia   Maple Leaf
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 15,000,000
Total Assets $360,000,000
518 branohei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
Weit Indiei.
Alio branohei in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Twelve branchei in Vancouver:
Slain Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Cornet* Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets,
Corner OranviUe and Seventh Ave. West
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Ave and Main Street,
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole,
Also—North Vanoouver, New Westminster and 27 other
points in British Columbia.
One dollar opens an account on which intereat is paid half-yearly
at ourrest rates,
Manafsr Vanoouver Branch Supervisor for B, 0.
Lestor Dealt With Russian
Revolution on
With "ten days that shook the
world" at his focal point, Chaa.
Lestor on Sunday evening regaled
the Columbia audience with a gra*
phic narration of the portentous
happenings in Bussia in the year
1M7—the great revolution "thot
made the collapse of tho capitalist
system inovitable."
Thd treachery of the Czarists dur*
ing the earlier portion of the war,
thcir overthrow in tho Maroh revo*
lution, tho rise of "wind-bag" Kor*
ensky, the cry of tho Bolsheviki for
peace instead of slaughter, the
struggle of the bourgeoisie to keep
the proletariat underneath, and the
ultimate triumph of the movement
associated with Lenine and Trotsky,
made a story of gripping interest to
which tho crowd listened as if they
had never heard a word of it
"Tho Bolsheviki showed a mildness that must not be repeated," the
speaker pointedly remarked, alluding to their clemency toward the elements which did their best to thwart
tho efforts of tho Soviet regime Ho
mentionod how thc telephone girls,
for instance, no| receiving the punishment they expected for nssisting
the reactionaries, then "assumed a
haughty mein," disdained to be considered as "mombers of the working cIbsb,',' and went on striko. The
bank clerks did likewise, although
this imperilled the livos of millions
of soldiers in the trenches. In fact
the "educated section of the pro*
letariat" did all they could to hinder the success of tbe proletarian revolution; tho Bolsheviki worked day
and night to nchievo success, whilo
tho "aristocracy of labor" did all
thoy could to prevent them. And
thc Bolsheviki allowed thom to get
away with it."
Again, at Moscow, the bourgeoisie
took refuge in tho Kremlin and killed hundreds of the Bed Guard before surrendering; then thoy were
allowed to go unharmed, whilo the
victorious proletariat dug a grave
60 yards long in front of the Kremlin, and buried their dead in 600 coffins—"working men and common
soldiers who had given their lives
for the international revolution"—
and swore to fight on for freedom
and the people's happiness. (Ap.
As to tho subsequent success of
tho proletarian movemont, the
speaker pointed out that "Bussia is
not a country—it is a world," with
140 different languages; yet for two
years the Bolsheviki had kept control, although the whole capitalist
world had conspired against them,
their only crime being "that they
have risen in the interosts of thc
class to which you and I belong."
Tho Cossacks had beon won to thc
cause when Lenino had shown them
the land wos for them in greater
measure than before, his only stipulation being "Take it!" The pens-
ants, 80 per cent of tho poople, had
been similarly dealt with; and now
tbo capitalists might send machine-
guns, gas, and all tho rest of it, but
the working class would remain in
possession of Bussia. So it would
be in Canada if the people owned
the country; but tho speaker asked,
"Is this country ours?" and his
hearers answered, "No."
Lenino was a great and powerful
man, though "not much to look at."
The Bussian working people simply
adored him, as the one who enabled
thom clearly to understand the situation. His policy was to placo the
land and macninory in the hands of
the peoulo and produce for uso. "He
wants Bussia to be great and free
and happy; and not only Bussia, but
all thc world."
Trotsky wns different. Ho was
"just the man needed in thnt ooun
try at this particular time; he be
licvos in force." He was treated
as a dog in Canada—"and he's not
forgotten that."
But both theso men "aro carried
on a wave; if they should perish, thc
thing would go on just the same;
thore nro a hundred men ready to
tako thc place of either of them."
They knew that if thc peoplo of
Britain, Franco, Germany, etc., did
not revolt, capital would uuito to
crush tho revolution. As to there being any Bolshevism here,* however,
tho speaker declared it "an insult
to tho Bolshevists of Bussia" to
suggest that such was the case-
here, whero longshoremen would load
ships with ammunition to shoot their
fellow-worker in Bussia! "When ho
rolics ou tho poople in Canada, he
relies ou a broken roed.' '
Alluding to tho absence of .violence at Winnipeg, the speaker remarked that the working class did
not waut violence; it was always introduced by tho other class. Violenco wns not necessary at all. "We
can bring the means o'f lifo into tbe
hands of the proletariat iu this coun-
try without violenco, if wo are allowed to go on with our education."
But if the othor class tried violence,
thoy could not blame the workers
for tho consequences.
The people could uot live unless
there was a change. Tho capitalist
class had "lost tho key of tho combination." Papor money was float,
od and the currency debased; henco
the increase of prices and tho decrease of real wages as compared
with 101*1, (Applause.) Who wos
responsible for that —tho workers
wbo had tried to koep wages up, or
thc exploiters of labor J
The most angry man in this
country in six months' time will be
tho returned soldior—and he won't
stand any nonsense either. (Applause.) Thc Bolshoviki wore too
gentle; I'm afraid tbo returnod sol
dier will be rather rough, ond I
don't want him to hurt mo. I wou 't
hinder him from taking the wholo
lot." They could not moke any
compromise with tho ruling class.
They must get hold of the reins of
power with ull possible speed, mako
tlieir own "ordora-in-coiuicU," and
enforco them morcilessly in their
own interests.
Paris and Brfest-Litovsk
i i e l e e i e e eie e > linen iiiiiiiiiinilillil
It is not ao veiy long ago—not1 'point that matters to a man of honor.   But we are dishonored.
It may bo said: "We send pleni*
pqtentiaries, not delegates, to tho
peace conference. Our representatives never refer anything to us.
Why is not the same arrangement
good enough for the Germans!
.The answer is twofold, A plenipotentiary means someone possessed of,
full nowers; we are Insisting on the
Germans sending people with no
power at all. In 1871 the Germans
discussed with beaten France, and
actually yielded nbout Bclfort. We
are not going to allow the German
"plenipotentiaries" to discuss,
are going to say to them: "Sign—
or the sabre will eome into play."
Socondly, it is all very well for
the sham democracies of France and
Great Britain to allow their "repre*
sentatives to make peace behind
their backs, and merely announce
thc accomplished fact when it is too
lato for any evil to bo remedied.
But Germany has become a real de
mocracy. It foolishly took up at our
word whou wc said (as oven our
Jingo papers did say, over and over
•gain, with evory circumstance of
punctuouB hypocrisy) that wo were
fighting for democracy, fighting on
behalf of the German people themselves against thoir militarist masters. Thoy have demilitarized, they
have democratized, themselves. Thoy
think the peoplo have a right to
know what is being decided about
the destinies of the people. They
think the people have a right to say
"yes" or "no." Wo shall soon
teach them better than that.
Over and over again did we all
say ,over and over again did the
governments say, that a democratized Germany would have better terms
of peace than we could grant to the
Kaiser. Tet to the Kaiser, less than
a year ago, Mr.. Lloyd George offered poaco on President Wilson's
terms. It is those terms we are now
refusing to tho German democracy.
Tho first of tho fourteen points
was—"open covenants, openly arrived at." But thc doings of tho
Paris conference, tho "covenant"
to be made, are shrouded in darkness and secrecy.
Brest-Litovsk left to Germany its
legacy of pain and loss. So will
Paris to tho Allies.—Tho London
Daily Herald.
much more than a yoar—since one
concerted howl ot wrath sad. indignation went up from the press nnd
public of Allied countries over the
brutal Prussian behavior at Brest*
Litovsk. Dictating a peaeel Tramp*
ling on a fallen foel Battling the
saber!—-snch wore the crimes of
victorious Germany.
The saber is being rattled now*
not by Hoffmann, but by Foch. Tie
Allies are behaving as badly in victory as did tho Germans.
Ab badly f Thoy aro behaving
worse. At Brest-Litovsk there was
at least presorvod the formula of negotiation. Tho fact of dictation waa
there; but tho insolence, the brutality, tho parade of dictation were
lacking. The militarists rattled the
saber, but the civilian statesmen
took a different tone. And the German Socialists protested (how bitterly wo all blamed them for not
protesting more loudly and effectively!). Now, in tho Allied countries,
it is the civilians, the politicians and
penmen, who clamor leudost for th*
humiliation of the enemy, who gloat
most indecently over the abjection
of a beaten foe. And where are the
"loud and effective" protests of
Labor I
"Never hit a man when he il
down," we wero taught at school.
But our rulers have not left us even
the honor of a schoolboy.
The Germans concluded the armistice on a definite basis of agreement.
That basis was peace on tho fourteen points. On tbat basis thoy gave
up their arms, abandoned their positions, surrendered their navy, put
themsolves helpless in our hands.
Wo proceeded to teat up the fourteen points—the fourteen scraps of
paper! Having tricked our enomy
into impotence, wo starved his women and children. We gloated, we
insulted, wc did violence to the memory of our dead—who died in a
different spirit and for a different
kind of peace from this,
The argument that we should have
beaten the Germans more complete,
ly if wo had not signed an armistice
on tho basis of the fourteen points
at all is au irrelevant argument. We
did sign that agreement, and we
havo broken it.    That is thc only
Paris, Franco.—The Btrlking bank
employees aro inniHtiiig on having a
delegation   ot   tht-ir   own   submit
(claims to employers atid not througlt
tho miniRtcr of labor as proposed
by tho bankers, refusing to resume
work uaUI it is met.
A. F. of L. Convention
May Unseat Reactionary Leaders
The convontion two weeks ago of
the Pennsylvania Btate Federation
in Harrisburg unanimously re-elected as its president Jamos H. Maurer,
who is already serving his seventh
term as head of the organization.
During his incumbency, ho has opposed preparedness and entrance into tho war, and he figured on the
ridiculous Stevenson suspect list.
Next, the convention voted "amid
tremendous cheering" that organized labor, having no longer anything
to hopo for from the republican and
democratic parties, must turn to independent political action. The federation'a executive committee is
therefore to report principles and a
line of action to a special convention. Even more striking was tho
passage of a resolution denouncing
the Allied and American policy in
Bussia und demanding tho withdrawal of American troops and tho
immediate lifting of tho blockade
This was coupled with a demand
for tho release of nil political and
war-timo prisoners and the recognition of the Irish republic. Finally,
thero was a vigorous attack upon
the Civic Federation which was
charged with seeking "to administer chloroform to the trade-union
movement." No -wonder it is reportod that tho old-lino leaders of
the American Fedoration of Labor
nro becoming nervous tin to what
may happen nt the Atlantic City
convention next mouth.
Bernard Shutv Described thc modern pursuit of foreign markets
thus: "First wo teach the savages
to wear pants; then we pick their
Ever since Lord Palmorston mode
his fnmous statement that "the flag
follows the investor" capitalist governments have spent most of thoir
time and energy iu protecting und
safeguarding tho business ventures
of tbeir "loading citizens." Joseph
Chamberlain summurii-od the wholo
matter in a speech beforo Parliament (18H6):—
"All tho great offices of Stato are
occupied with commercial affairs.
The 1'orcign Office and tho Colonial
Offico oro chiefly engnged in find*
ing new markets and in defending
old ones. Tho War Offico and tho
Admiralty are mostly occupied in
preparations for tho defense of
these markots nnd for the protection
of our commerce. The Boards of
Agriculture and of trade aro entirely concerned with theso two great
branches of industry. Therefore, it
is not too much to sny that commerce is the greatest of all political
interests, and that government do-
serves most of the popular approval
which doos the most to incrcaso our
trado and to settle it on a Arm foundation."
Japan, Italy, Frnnco, Great Britain and the United States are busy
preparing to "conquer" undeveloped countries, nnd to "exploit" virgin resources, There is no "by your
leave." The peoples of tho countries are not consulted. Armies nro
organized and navies arc manned to
back the commercial interests, that,
from each of the groat capitalist
countrios, nre sallying forth to possess themselves of tho few unappropriated corners of tho earth.
Team Drivers Again
Madison, Wis.—Organized ice and
coal wagon drivers employed by the
Conklin & Sons Company have mis-
cd wages 51) cents a day, muking
their rate $4.50. Helpers aro advanced 25 cents a day, or to $4.20,
and now employees will receive ti a
dny. Tho agreement dales bock to
AprU 1.
Chinese Are Sore Over
Undemocratic Actions
'•       of Big Four
■ Tlje echoea of the Passionate and
sometimes oven savage protests of
tne. Chinese of four continents
against the treaty provision giving
Shantung to Japan are pouring hourly ovor the cables to the Chinese
delegation in Paris, A mass meet*
ing of thirty-live thousand in Tsinan
threatens with a traitor's death any
delegate who agrees to the terms.
From another city comes the report
of a meeting attended by a hundred
thousand persons who urge the un*
compromising rejection of tho treuty
unless the decision is reversed. The
Chinese Poople's Foreign Eolations
Society, with more than a million
mombers, appeals to tho peoples of
the Allied countries to support
China, adding; "Wo cannot put
our seal to an amendment dooming
ourselves, even if tho governments
of the powers wish a return to prewar conditions." Educational, agricultural, and religious associations
representing twenty to thirty millions of people, provincial legislatures, mission schools, chambers of
commerce, universities, ( merchants,
and Chinese groups in 'tho United
States, tho Philippines, Peru, Mexico, England, and France urge that
China refuse to sign tho treaty. Tho
international Socialist eommission
appointed at Berno in February
yesterday denounced tho Shantung
settlement as nn "open recognition
of thc right of conquest."
[By Ferdinand Froiligrath]
No open blow in nn open fight—
But with quips and with quirks
they arrnign mc,
By  creeping   treachery's   creeping
The western Cnltnueks havo slain
The fatal shaft in tho dark did fly;
I was struck   by   un   ambushed
And here in the pride of my strength
I lie,
Like u curpso of a rebel bravo!
With a deathless scorn ia my dying
In my hand the sword still chcr*
1    islied;
"Bobellionl" still for my shout of
l       death,
lu my muuhood untaintod I perished.
Ohl gladly, full gladly the Pruss and
The grass from my grave would
But Germany sends me with Hungary far,
'Three salvos to honor my bier.
And Ihe tattered poor man  lakes
his stand,
"Oh my head tho cold sods heaving;
He casts them down with a diligent
Whero tho glory of toll is cleaving.
And a garland of flowers and May
he brought
On my burning wounds to cast;
His   wife   nnd  his   daughter    the
wreath had wrought,
When the work of the day was
Farewell!  Furcwclll  Ihou turbulent
Farewell to you!   Annies engaging!
Farewell!  cloud canopied fields of
Where the greatness of   war   is
Farewell! but not for ever farewell!
They can not kill the spirit, my
Want Their Money But
WouM Deport Them
[By On. F. Sterling]
The National Wu Savings Com*
mittee ia making * big (Sort to
raise money for the government by
boosting the sale of War Savings
Stamps. The B. C. division of the
committee is sending out circulars
continually from Vancouver setting
forth the advantages of buying
stamps and also advertising boosters
as to the best people to get after
to effect sales.
In a recent circular the following
interesting paragraph appears:
"In thu Geta-Stake in Canada
paign people of foreign birth
should receive t great deal of attention. They constitute a class,
which, because of their thrifty charactor should he a veritable gold
mine to any movement that is able
to tap their savings. In the United
States these people have easily aet
the high water mark fer savings, and
so many of them new manifest a
desire to emlgrato that the bankers
are becoming alarmed. It is estimated that 1,300,000 intended to go
home, taking on on average #3,000
with them.
No figures aro available that enable one to estimate in Canada the
value of savings held by persons of
foreign birth but enough is known
to demonstrate that it is a huge sum.
Consequently, if these peoplo ean be
induced to put their monoy into War
Saving Stamps it will be a decided
gain both to the W. S. 8. movement
and to the eountry. There is no
reason why they should not do ao.
Thoy will if the advantages arc
demonstrated to them. The point is
to show them that a W.8.S. is a Victory Bond in miniature, that it is
as woll backed and yiolds a good
return. That done, these people will
buy War -Savings Stamps because,
boing shrewd, they know a good
thing when thoy see it."
If the people of foreign birth referred to wore shown that circular
were ablo to read it, I think .they
would each pay 50 conts a pioco for
a copy to take baek with them to
the fatherland as a proof of the
despicable degradation of Canadian
What about tho movement to deport these thrifty, shrewd people
from the countryf
What about the resolutions of
Boards of Trade, City Councils, 0.
W. Veterans, and others to urge tho
government to deport aliens from
the country! Do those excited patriots, who a little while ago, wanted to kick all the aliens out of the
country know that bankers aro becoming alarmed because those foreigners are going out of the country t
Only recently the writer raised a
storm of protest by declaring at a
public moeting that he was not in
favor of the O, W. V. resolution to
deport aliens and furthor explaining
that they would not be deported because of the oconomic disadvantage
to the capitalist clnss. Anything in
the nature of reason, howover, which
is against tho blind fury of a bos-
trad patriotism is howled down by
the ignorant satellites of our cap*
itnlist government.
Now that theso hard-working,
shrewd and thrifty aliens are turning thcir faces to the more hospitable shores of thcir fntherland, the
Shylocks aro after their pockot*
books. And there is no reason, says
the circular, why theso foreigners
should not invost. If .Messrs
Sweeney, Beecher and Makovski,
the perpetrators of this circular,
had been invited to make their home
in a foreign country; if they had
been naturalized in that country;
If thoy had subsequently beon disfranchised; because of thc misdeeds
of tho wickod government of the
country they had left; if thoy hod
beon dismissed from employment
and turned adrift to starve; if their
property had boen attacked and
their persons molested and evory-
whore people wero clamoring for
their deportation, I fancy that a
reason why they should not lend
money to their adopted country
would penetrate through tho skuil
of the thickest of them.
No, gentlemen! it won't do, Play
tho gumot Vou started this kick
thom out campaign, you favored resolutions for thcir deportation, don't
now go sucking round them like a
bunch of kids after a piece of candy.
Bo mon if you can, and If you can't
for God's sake be silent.
Tho Borden government when it
went into power had for onc of its
planks, "tho encouragement of immigration." Thc present writer
pointed out in that election thut
Borden wus starting the biggest discouragement of immigration and the
biggest encouragement of emigration
uny country had ever seen. Time
is telling.
But, as the circular says, "these
foreigners know a good thing wlico
thoy sec it." That is why Ihey are
leaving Canada with (heir money in
thoir pockets.
Shop Early in the Day
Granulated Sugar, S lbs.
for  - 0 .it
Kootenay Cherries, 2s,
per tin    It
Sunlight Soap, i eakes,
per carton 21
Choice Pekoe Tea, reg.
Mc, 3 lbs „  I'M
Woodwards better Cof.
foe, rog. 09c 40
P. of V. Sterilized Milk,
per tin  11
Lowney's Cocoa,
%s, por tin 10%
Quaker Tomatoes, 2',4s,
per tin  15ft
Skookum Shoe polish,
per tin  -   .09
Dominion Matches,
300s     .01
Shaker Salt, per
carton     .10
Toilet Paper, per roll..   .05
Bemsay's Family
Sodas'. 23
Som-Mor Biscuit, salt
or plain  13
Lion Brand Macaroni,
10o_. pkg. It-
Christy's Arrowroot,
por pkg. 17
Excelsior Pates, per
pkg.    .24
Cleaned Currants, per
pkg. .: 15
Knox Sparkling Gelatine, pkg 18
Holbrook's Egg Powder  21
Holbrook's Custnrd
Powder  12%
Holbrook's Potato
Flour  _   .23
Malkin's Best Custard
Powdor, per tin  19
Malkin's I.emonndo
Powder, per tin  20.
Nabob Custnrd Powder, pkg 11
Holbrook's Ground
Bice, vol lb. - 15ft
Cow Brand Soda) per lb   .07ft
Benson's Corn Starch.,   .It
White Gloss Starch 11
Pride of Vaneoaver
Baking Powder ........   .SO
Enipwes Baking Powder, per til —..    .23
Dr. Price's Baking
Powder, per tin     .39
Eggo Baking Powder, 10-oc. tin    .29
Malkin's Golden Crust
Baking Powder .   .IS
Snap, per til  —   .17
Bon*Ami, tin or brick .   .11
Beekitt's Bine, per
pkg     .05
Lux, per pkg.    ,10ft
Fels Naphtha Soap,
per cake ..   ,08ft
Fairy Soap, per cake ..   .08
P. * O. Ooap, per eake   .07ft
Goblin Soap, per cake.   .07
Cattile Soap, per cake   .05
Campbell's Soup, per
tin _ 15
Boyal City Tomatoes,
2s  14
El-Bio Asparagus 23
Quaker Brand Fork
and Beans  lfl'/t
Clark's Pork and
and Beans, Is    .09
Nootka Brand Pilchards, per tin  «   ,17
Black Strap Molasses,
2s  13
.Forest Cream Maple
Butter, per tin _   M
Fraser Valley Rasp,
berries, 2s per tin ...   .82
Bovril, 4-oz. per bottle   .61
Bovril, 8-oz., per bottle 1.19
Clark's Boef Cordial,
20-oz 95 .
Vantoria Jam, 2s .......   .14
These are a few of our Cash and Carry Specials
for Week Commencing Friday, May 30th
I    Patronize Federationlit  advertisers and tell then why yon do ao.
Oppose Long Hours
Chattanooga, Tenn. — Machinists
and boiler makers employed by the
CasoyHedges Boiler Compony are
striking ugainst an effort on the
part of tho company to ubollsh the
eight-hour day nnd time and half
for overtime work. The company
has failed to secure non-union men.
Parker City, Utah.—One thousand
minors hsve declured a strike for u
six-hour day and a *5.C0 wage. Tlie
Unitod States labor department has
assigned a conciliator.
Buy only from a union slore.
In thunder I'll  rise  ou  the  Held
where I fell,
More boldly to light out another.
Whon tho Inst of croivus liko glass
shall break
On (he scene our sorrows havo
And   thc   Peoplo   (he   last   dreud
"guilty" shall speak,
By your sido yo shall Hud mc undaunted.
On Bhine, or on Danube, In word
and deed,
Vou shall witness, true to hla vow,
On the wreck of   thrones,   In   the
midst of tho freed,
Tho rebel who greets you nowl
"      " 11	
Minimum Wage Board
Provinco of British Columbia
NOTICE is heroby given, that
pursuant to Chapter SB ot the
Statutes of 1918, being the
"Minimum* Wage Act," a public
meeting will bc held at tho Court
Houso, in the City of Now Westminster, on Wednesday, tho 4th
day of June, 1919, at 10 a.m., for
the purpose of hearing any person
interested in the establishment of
a mimimum wage and hours and con*
ditions for women engnged in the
"Office Occupation," which includes
the work of those employed as steno*
graphors, bookkeepers, typists, billing clerks, filing clorks, cashiers,
cash girls (not included in othor
orders), checkers, invoiccrs, comptometer oporators, auditors, attend*
ants in physicians' and dentists'
offices and all kinds of clerical work.
A cordial invitation to bo prosent
is extended to all those who desire
to bo heard on the above question
before a minimum wago and hours
nnd conditions of labor aro determined.
Minimum Wage Board for the Province of British Columbia.
J. 1). McNIVEN, Chairman,
Victorin, B. ft, May 10, 1919.
Owing to tho confusion in
mail orders of this medieino,
wo are advancing tho price
from 45.20 to 43.50, and paying all charges. This will
give our many, customers
quicker service.
Sole Manufacturer
m 4th Av„ North, Saskatoon
Soft Drinks and
Fresh Cool Beer.
The right treatment
and best service.
If you want the best
quick lunch in the
city give us a trial.
Ex-Sergt. Forestell
Corner Hastings and
Tour  Money'i  Worth—
"Oold ss a hull of txchsngs
his iilitrlj* tsil.d. . , THE
MU1T1ST .... that 111. unit
■unit be ont hoar of sdult hunitn
Ubor. . . .An hour for hour
IHinliMin*- unit. Ws r.eomm.ltd
oar mien to Und) THE EQt'I*
TIttT nlso."—Wlnnipfj Wttl.ni
Lsbor Ntws.
11.00 a jrtir; II do outside Ut
OS. Its «6, Lta|brt.ch, Wub.
10 Sub. Cards
Oood for one yun lubacrlptlon (o Tht
B. C. Me ration Ut, will bo mailed to
an? add rus In Canada for $12.60.
(Oood anywhere ontalde of Vancouver
city.)   Order Ian today.   Remit wben told.
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
We deserve Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St. West, or       622 Pender West
THBOUOII Mount Robson anti Jasper Parks ncross Ihe prairies
through the most fertilo grain bell in thc world lo Winnipeg,
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec.
CONNEOTIONS-at Winnipeg anil Duluth for Central Stales, nt
Toronlti and Montreal for Kustorn Slates and Atlantic ports.
FINEST 'IKAINS, Electric lighted, Standard aud Tourist Sleeping Cars, also Dining Pars.
Foi Relet, Tickets, Literature and Information, apply lo
80S Hastings St. W., Vancourer, B. O. Phone Seymour 8439 PAGE SIX
eleventh tear, No. 22       THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancouveb, b. c.
l'RIDAY...... May 30, 1M9
WHEN you hear a person complain nbout the high cost of
living, you may well ask a fow pertinent questions. For
instance, are you in thc habit of going to a telephone and
placing your orders blindly! Are you in the habit of having an
expensive motor car with a high-salaried man deliver your foodstuffs! Aro you in the habit of taking what they send you, or
selecting the choice tidbits for yourself! Are you in the habit of
buying and article after it has passed through two or three middlemen 's hands! *-
If you can truthfully answer these questions in the negative, you
are one of those people who are taking a direct means of reducing
the high cost of living.
Thoso people who patronize the CAL-VAN MARKET know the
dollara saved. TOU, too, can save dollars. Note thc following
Suttercnp Milk, Urge tint; eseh  10c
B. 0. Sugar,  18-lb. itek _ tl SO
wild Ron Pastry Flour, • 101b. tsebs Sic
B. C. Sugar, 100 lbs $10
Best Boiled Otti,  01b. aaebs SSe
Oroeerterlt Coffee,  per Ib _ 3fie
Lion Macaroni, per package IOC
Wagataff's Blaek Currtnt Jus, 4-lb. tins  SOe
Criico bts advanced in price elsewhere.   We still sell it tt tbe old
Cut Rate Drug Specials
85c Freezone Corn Cure ...„ 26c
91.00 Nuxsted Iron  - 720
20e Aspirin Tablets, 1 dos llo
80c Talnor Shampoo Powders..Slc
SOe Hold's Eczema Ointment..,.33c
11.00 Wyeth's  Sage snd Sulphur
for  7»C
COe Papsodent Tooth Paste ....91c
26a Mennen's Talcum  lie
00-fi Mennen's  Shaving Cream..31(
I0«  Lanrlna 33c
91-00    Raid's    Syrup    of    Hypo-
phosphites .
35c Reld's Face Cream  SSo
50c Bay Rum  SSe
50c Brook's Baby Barley  Sfle
50c Blaud's Iron Pills  26c
25c Aromatic Cascara  18c
25c Reid's Corn Cure  17«
85c Pure  Castile. Soap  .....24c
20c Dalton'a Health  Salt  lac
50c Emulsified Cocoanut Oil ....26c
25c   Frosttlla    18c
91.00 M. * L. Florida Wster....72c
$1.50   Fellow's   Syrup   of   Hypo-
phosphites   91.14
War Tax Extra Whsre Required
Vancouver Drug Co., Ltd.
The Original Cut-Rate Druggists of the City
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minimmtn-iHtninn^iii i |i i i |li|.i>lni.>i.|.»»*<-.».i|,-».tw
Are We Bolshevists?
>^..->..-i..t..|.i,.i..».-i^,iii,iM>M)„|i 11| i mn, 11, | nmn,,,,,, ij.,.».
[By  George Bernard Bhaw in the
Labor Leader]
Why do we hesitate to call ourselves Bolshevists? Partly funk, no
doubt. But there are other reasons.
The name is ambiguous. Under one
definition of the word or another the
wholo House of Commons is Bolshevist; and no gentleman can 'afford
to be mixed up with some of the
heroes of the late general election.
There are two definitions of Bolshevism,
In the mouths of the supporters
of tho existing order (if you can
call it order) Bolshevism means
simply Socialism. I am a Socialist,
and, as auch, a Bolshevist.
In tho mouths of tho doctrinaire
democrats a Bolshevist is one who,
having given up democrucy as hopo-
Iobs in view of such events as the
aforesaid election and thc war which
primed it, faces the fact that the
masses are govcrnablo only by a
mixture of cajolery and coercion
dressed up in fine phrases, and applied by an energetic minority which
knows what it wants and' means to
havo it, to tho majority; that is, to
Carlyle W forty millions -of people,
mostly fools," formerly known in
English as John Bull, Undo Sain,
or Brother Jonathan, and now ro-
christoned by the tnore expressive
name of Henry Dubb. This definition ropes in all our governing
classes and thoir supporters. So we
nre all Bolshevists now. Three
cheers for Bolshevism!
Why then docs tho British Bolshevist of this seoond variety thirst
unnaturally for the gore of hiB
brother in Russia! They both hnve
tho samo opinion of Henry Dubbj
and act on it in the same way.
True; but their aims aro different,
Lenin coerces and cajoles in the interests of those whom ho coerces atid
cajoles, and in tho name of the
prophot Mnrx. Qur British Bolshevists (like Fanny Squccrs I namo no
names and say, "Let them as this
cap fits, wear it") coorco and cajole in thc interests of property,
without bothering about prophets.
Profits are good enough for them..
I cannot deny that I am a bit of
Bolshevist myself under the sec-
ond* definition, though I havo called
myself a democrat often onough.
Ono cannot always avoid it when
there is ft meeting of Dubbe to be
humbugged. When you tell Henry
that his voico is the voice of God,
ho always cries, "Hear, hear, governor. Tell us whnt to say." Then
3fou toll him; and he says it. Henry
is no more capable of making his
own laws than ho is of writing his
own plays. You give him ft voto becauso cajolery is less troublo thnn
coercion, just as you give performing rights to a musician so that he
may hnve something to sell cheaply
to tho Gramophono Trust.
When you argue tho democratic
question out fairly with anyone over
the age of twenty who has had any
practical experience of electioneering, it always comes down from
"govornment by tho .people" to
"govornment by consent of tho people."
Now tho moment you try to govern by consent of the peoplo you
discover that tbe pooplo will not
consent to bo governod. Not a man
of them will pay his rates and taxes
unless he knows that he will be imprisoned for life if ho refuses. My
tailor cannot take my body in execution for his bill if I do not pay
it. Even my landlord cannot, though
he can take my. furniture if I havo
not prudently removed it by moonlight. But tho King can. This is
a vory necessary reservation. Henry
Dubb has some conscience about his
tailor and his landlord. But he has
nono about his King, whose vicar
the tax collector Ib.
In state affairs Henry wants to
do as he liken, end havo everything
for nothing; hence his deep sympathy with tho landed gentry ami the
peerage, who carry the same millennial aspiration into privato life also.
Henry calls Socialism the Servile
State, and public account keeping
rod tape. Tho privato employer who
exploits him aB long as it pays, and
then throws him into the gutter to
starve when it docs not, is his worshipful benefactor; the public official who gives him permanent employment in his own service, with
a pension, is a Bureaucrat.
Conferring the benefits of Socialism on Henry will be vory like forcible feeding a ferocious dog with ft
bad sore throat. No doubt Lenin
and Trotsky havo found that out.
But if they let Henry (or Ivan)
alono, some other energetic representative of ft minority will como
along and humbug and coerce him,
uot for his good and for tho world's
good, but for his destruction, and
the perdition of his posterity. Since
Henry, until he learns the necessity
of government, must bo bullied into
Hubmitting to it by somebody, he
had better bo bullied into submitting to honest than dishonest government.
That is tho reply to all the »s-
surances wc recoivo that the Russian peoplo object strongly to Lenin's government. Of course they do.
All peoples object to aU governments.
I wish our own government could
be induced to tako tho present situation seriously. If wo persist in
waging war on Russia to forco Ivan
to restore the Tsnrdom we shall produco a political crisis compared to
which that produced by the lato war
is a joko.
During that war we had Englishmen who wanted the war to ntop.
We had Englishmen who thought it
should never have been begun. Wc
hnd Englishmen who hoped it would
end in a draw, leaving no bitterness
worse than the bitterness of those
I who cursed their own folly for evor
entering  on  such  a  monstrous  at*
, tofnpt nt European murder and suicide. But no Englishman wanted thc
Germans to win and to impose the
Prussian system on England. Pro-
Germanism was n myth, a mere excuse for thieves who wanted to loot
bakers' shops, und political and intellectual rioters who wanted to loot
parliament and the universities.
But if wo continuo our royalist
war on tho Russian revolution there
will be genuino pro-Russianism in
England. There will bo millions of
Englishmen, including all the best
Englishmen, who, far from wanting
Generals Koltchak and Denikcn to
win, will most ardently pray that
they may bo knocked into a cocked
lhat by the Bolshevist troops, even
a&rflV *rt   ""**   'li"p,,0,   'lt««ro.'m    ontno^df
A recent number of the Labor Lead-ttroubled about; wo have lonir since
their aoldiers mey be English tol-
The schism will not be an easy
matter of giving a Quakor -two
years' hard labor for refusing to
put on a khaki tunic. It will bc a
matter of passive resistance to the
tax collector on an unprecedented
scale, and possibly of active resistance pushed to the point of civil
war. For tho war in tho east is a
reflection of the social struggle here.
If the governmont is mad enough
to play with that fire, it will "not
->il .m is si
be able to extinguish it with its
silly penny dreadful white papers.
No atrocity that it can publish could
approach in horror the atrocity of
a restoration of the Tsardom by
British arms.
I am serry I cannot credit our
present rulers with knowledge
enough, brains enough, or political
conscienco enough to appreciate the
gravity of this warning. But at
least they can appreciate the result
at Central Hull. For the moment
thoy probably regard it merely as
a throw-back to obsolete liberalism.
They havo not yet made tho acquaintance of Commander Kenwor-
thy. I have. Lenin will seem the
mildest of mortals by contrast when
thoy know the commander a littlo
miim.nl ii iii i i ii .mi.i i , ,. ii mini
Crush the Evil Thing
er of England contained tho remarkable appeal we print below
from   an   officer  in  the   British
navy.  Wo wish wo were able to
make every blatant  bawlcr   for
militarism in   this  country  rend
this appeal.   Evon such a typo as
wo suffer from might be reached
by tho words of ono who knows
what militarism really iB.
"There's a misty soa girt island,
in the sunset laden west," an island
which was once thc homo of Freedom and Liberty j wc say "once"
advisedly, sinco our dear   land   is
threatened by a sinister movement
which has for its object the permanent establishment of  that accursed institution  called   conscription.
Out here, in tho lonely Greek islands, we read of this danger, and
wonder what our brothers in dear
old England aro doing to counteract the thing against which we havo
been ostensibly fighting for four or
Our weekly mail is just to hand
today, and it docs not bring us much
ioyj wo loam that certain Allied
generals considor tho next war as
)eing likely to beat in brutality and
bloodiness the present warl
Wo fancy Wo can hear the voices
of our comrades in yonder littlo
green cemotcry crying out in their
death agony, asking us if we arc
not yet satisfied, if wo still want
more young blood to bo offered up
at thc altar of tho great war god.
Wo out hero can do nothing; wo
aro in the clutches of tho relentless
machine; our only consolation is a
vain hope that wo aro making a
fair peace possiblo by remaining at
our posts. •
It is up to you, the workers at
homo, to seo that tho children w*r>
aro lisping their baby prayers :at
your knees shall not huvo to bo torn
away from you in a fow years':time
and go forth to slay their brothors.
Ono nearly weeps when one contrasts the high idealism of 191-t with
tho sordid division of spoils iti* 19.19.
Those of us who havo fought in this
"war to pond war," carry in i*iur
souls wounds that will never*.heal,
for wo havo seen our brothers"! of
all nationalities ruthlessly murdered in a swelter of blood.       (■ *• i
For four years wo have been: iho
abject slaves of .generals and ' admirals, who havo disposed of our
livos just as a butcher disposes .of
shocp. And we are content that this
should be so, if wo havo onco and
for all slain the bloody dragon of
militarism, and given this weary
world a new leaae of lifo.
But is thoro any ground for hoping that the ovil thing is crushed?
Yes, there is onc hope, and only one;
that hope is not in kings and
princes, not in capitalists and suave
Tho only hopo is in tho workers
in all countries.
And it is to you workers that we
who aro yot free appoal. It is not
our personal liberty that  wo   aro
made up our mind that we shall refuse to bow before this idol of mill-
trism, should it unhappily become
permanently established. It is the
liberty of our present children, of
tho unborn generation, that is
threatened. Arc v;o to emerge "victoriously" from this awful carnage
to hand on a heritage of blood to
our innocent childron f Nol Rathor,
let us faco the horrors of prison,
nnd say to tho butchers, "Hands off
our children]''
Wc'arc not ono of those who would
decry our own lond, nor would wc
hastily condemn onr empire for joining in thc war. Bnt we would rather
seo ourselves a small nation than
compel our children to undergo tho
bloody torturos of nnother war. That
is why, in our helplessness, wo Solemnly appeal to our fellow workers
to get up and attack this evil thing
that is moving so stealthily in our
Let labor present its ultimatum to
all tho belligerent governments, refusing point blank to submit to any
*orm of compulsory militnry service. If tho soulless beings who pro-
side over the war offices and admiralties' still wish to impose their foul
system on tho workers, tho romedy
is obvious.
Kings and governments have tottered and fallen beforo outraged democracies. Shall history repeat itsolf t        -j
In the world's broad field of battle,
In the bivouac of life,
Be not liko dumb, drivon cattle;
Be a hero in the strife.
_ •'Bunker Bean" Neit Week
"His Majesty, Bunker Bean" will
hold open court at the Empress The*
atro all next week, and everybody's
laughing apparatus will bo on trial.
A mummy handed down from old
Julio's regime will play an important part throughout this extraordinary comedy, and a fascinating love
romance is prominent throughout tho
ontire story.
"His Mojosty, Bunker Bean" was
pronounced by tho San Francisco
critics as ono of tho most original
comedies evor soen there, and Mr.
Bainbridgc, who ployed in the production, claims it was ono of the
season's biggest hits.
London, England.'— More than
100,000 British farm workers ore
unionized. Their organization is
known as the National Agricultural
Laborers' union. They havo more
than 2,000 locals. They're urging
now a minimum wago of $12 a weok
for a six-day working week of U
hours the year round. They would
work Unavoidable overtime at time
and a half foj* week days and doublo
time for Sundays.
Mention the Federationist when
you mnke a purchaso at a store.
[By Sam Walter Foss]
Men seems as like as the loaves on the trees,
As alike as tho bees in a swarming of bees;
And wc look at tho millions that make up tho State,
All equally littlo and equally great,
And the pride of our courage is cowed.
Then Fate calls for a man who is larger than men-
There 's a surgo in the crowd—there 'b a movement—
And then there arises thc man who is larger than men-*
And the man comes out from the crowd,
Tho chasers of trifles run hither nnd yon,
And the little small days of small things still go on,
And the world soems no bettor at sunset than dawn
And thc raco still incroascs its plentiful spawn,       '
And the voice pf our waking is loud.
Then the grent dcod calls out for thc great man to come,
And the crowd unbelieving sits sullen nnd dumb—
But the groat deed is done, for tho great man is come—
Aye, tho man comos up from tho crowd.
There's a dead hum of voices, all say thc samo thing,
Ami our forefothers's songs are the songs that wc sing.
And the deeds by our fathers and grandfathers done,
Are doao by the son of tho. son of the son,
And our heads in contrition aro bowod.
T.o, a call for a man, who ahall make all things new,
Ones down through the throng.   Seol he rises in viewl
Mnke room for tho man who shall mako all things now!
For the man who comes up from tho crowd.
And whero is tho mart who comes up from the throi.-f,
Who does tho new deed,, and sings tho now song,
And who makes tho old .world as a world that ia newt
And who is the man!   Is it yout   Is it yout
And our proiso is! exultant and proud.
Wo are waiting for you there—for you aro the man!
Como up from tho jostle ub soon as you can;
Como up from tho crowd there, for you aro the man
The man who comes up from the crowd,
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Fancy striped vestings and madras  $1.60
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Men's Socks for Summer Wear
Silk Lustre in black and white only, 3 pairs ...$1.00
Silk Lisle in grey, tan and fawn, pair 60c
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Whito and Tan Socks, with fancy stripes, silk
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A very good glovo in black sheepskin, vory serviceable ; pair    $1-76
Fine quality black cape gauntlet with strap fastener, pair HBO
Tnn gauntlets with and without fringes, $2.26, $3,
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Newest stripe nnd brocade effects from New York;
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Soft Collars
Plain white and a varioly of fancy stripes, newest
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Fine cambrics in fancy stripes — .$2.00
Fancy stripe silk shirts $3.00 and $1.60
Whito and pongee silk with loose collar or reversible collar   $3.76 to $6.00
Men's Leather Belts
are here in a most exhaustive selection; black, tan,
groy and fanoy stripos...60c, 76c, $1,00 and $1.60
Black leather belts with oxidised silver initial
buckle   - $1.50
Formosan Panama Hats, $2.25
ThiB hat is made of Formosan fibre and plaited itt
the regular Panama way. It is a natural whito
and will not soil as easily as tho bleached hats.
Comos in two of the most popular shapes. Sizes
6% to 7S.   Price $2.25
Jap Panamas, $3.00
This hat has all the stylo that a young man wants
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large and smnll shapes.    Price 36c
South American Panamas
These aro the genuine Panama Hats, made from
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blocks; sizes 6% to 7%.   Priccs„„$6.00 ond $7.00
. David Spencer, Limited
Government Creating an
Antagonism That May
Help Commission
Henry 0. Alsbcrg who has just
returned from a trip in Europe has
the following to say about Germany.
In general the impression of Berlin is that of a city angered against
its own rulers more than against its
conquerors. This spirit is said to
prevail throughout the country. In
other of the German states it is
aggravated by tho feeling that the
Prussians are being used as invaders to put down local uprisings. One
does not' often like to rely upon a
night clerk in a hotel, especially
when tho night clerk is at the same
timo porter and boots, for onc's political judgment on local, conditions.
But the night clerk in a Dresden
hotel told mo with a certain nmount
of prido that tho Saxons had thrown
their war minister into tho Elbe
and then riddled him full of holes.
"And," ho complained, "now theso
Preussische troops como here to
Dresden to put down our riots. Why
don't thoy stay at home and let us
attond to our own/ troubles 1" I
think the spirit of separatism is
working in favor of communism.
It is also interesting to note that
the bourgeois German newspapers
print the same preposterous lies
about tho Munich communists that
tho Viennese bourgeois press did
about the Hungarian Bolsheviki,
Hnving been in Budapest myself directly aftor thc revolution, I know
that'the Austrian newspapers lied.
And so I concludo that the Gorman
bourgeois press did likewise. I am
also informed by nn eye-witness that
tms samo press lied most horribly
about thc Spartacan uprisings nod
I do not, however, wish to imply
that Germany will turn Bolshevik.
Thc government seems to have
enough troops to go scurrying round
from placo to place putting out tho
loeal conflagrations—unless these become too numerous. But a government that relies purely on force and
has no real programmo ennnot lost
Anarchy is sometimes defined as
absence of organized control. The
definition perfectly fits a situation
described in the last number of tho
Monthly Labor Review of tho
United States Department of Labor.
The article in question is entitled
"Labor Turnover in tho San Francisco Bay Region."
Fourteen establishments with 14,-
083 full time employees on tho payroll, hired during the year 32,489
people. An agricultural implement
plant with over 2,000 full timo employees, hired about an equal number during the year. But on iron
and steel plant with 609 full time
employees hired 2,904 persons during the year; and an explosive plant
with 1,705 employees hired 5,400
persons -during tho year. Of the
total number of persons who left
jobs, 1,020 wero discharged; 5,743
wero laid off; 1,361 entered tho military service and 15,702 quit. The
article goes into further detail with
regard to tho number of weeks of
service of tho employees,—4,000
stayed ono week or less; 53 per cent,
wcro on the job for less than threo
This, of course, throws an interesting sidolight on tho condition of
industrial disorganization that ordi
narily prevails in a great business
centre. Capitalist society is stupid
and ineffective at best. At worst,
it is merely a catch-as-catch-can
method of turning out a product at
the lowest cost and soiling it for
the highest price. The human beings concerned in tho transactions
amount to nothing,
Whero is your union button!
Vancouver Unions
ecutive committee: President, E.
Winch; vice-president, J. Kavanagh;
treaaurer, F. Knowles; sergcant-at-armi,
W. A. Alexander; trustees, W. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil, H.
Gutteridge; secretary, V. H. Midgley,
Room 210 Labor Temple.
dl—Meets    aecond    Monday    in    the
month.    President, J. F. McConnell; sec-
Mary, R, H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 66.
tional  Union  of  America,   Local   No.
120—Meets aecond and fourth Tuesdays
In the month, Room 205 Labor Temple.
President, C. E. Herrltt; secretary, S. H.
Orant, 820 Cambie Street.
•nd Iron Ship Builders and Helpen of
America, Vancouver Lodgo No. 191—
Meets every Monday, S p.m. President,
M. A. McEachern, 1245 Alberni St.; secretary-treasurer, Angus Fraser, 1*51
Howe Street; business agent, J. -A,
Moore, Room 212 Labor Temple.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—Meets second and fourth Mondays.
President Jas. Hastings; financial secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, 15*6
12th Ave. East.
Local No. 817—Meets every second
and fourth Monday evening, 8 o'clock,
Labor Temple. .President,- M. McKensle; secretary, J. R. Campbell; business
agent and flnanclal secretary, T. Thom,
Room 208 Labor Temple.    Phone  Sey,
213—Meets at 440 Pender Street
West, every Monday, 8 p.m, Preaident, H. H. Woodside, 440 Pender W.;
recording secretary, W. Foulkes, 440 Pender Street West; financial seeretary and
buslnesi agent, E. H. Morrison, 440
Pender Street West;  assistant secretary,
P. R. Burrows.       ;	
ployeei. Local 28—Meets every first
Wednesday in the month at 2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In the month
at 9:80 p.m. President, Harry Wood;
seeretary and business agent, W. Mackensle, office and meeting hall. 014 Pen*
der^t. W. Phone Sey. 1081. Office
hours:   It to 12 noon; 2 to fi.
ers' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. President, W.
Holmes, Colonial Apt*., Burrard Street;
spcrntary-treisurer, D. J. Snell, 916
Dunmiuiir Street,
B. C. LOGGERS' UNION—Afflliated
with B. C. Federation of Labor and
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
An Industrial union of all workers In
logging and construction camps. Headquarters, 81 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey, 7856. E.
Winch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald ft Co., Vancouver, B. 0,'j auditors, Messrs. Biittar
lc Chtene, Vancouver, B. O.	
International   longshoremen's
Association. Local 8852—Office and
hall, 804 Pender Street West. Meeta
first and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Chapman; business
agent, P.  Sinclair.
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 643-
Meets first and third Tuesdays of each
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
H. E. Wills; recording secretary, Fred
Lilly; financial seeretary and business
agent, T. W. Anderson, 587*Homer St,
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple, President, J. Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood Eaat; financial secretary, and buainess tgent, H. S. Nlghtscales, 276—56th
Ave. East, South Vancouver; recording
secretary, E, Westmoreland, 8247 Point
Grey Road.   Phone  Bayvlew 2979L.
Fasteners, I.L.A., Meal Union 88A,
Series 5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of the month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, John Sully; financial secretary, M. A, Phelps; business agent and
corresponding secretary, W. Lee. Office,
Room 219-220 Labor Temple.
Employees,  Pioneer Division, No.   1C
-Meets A. 0. F. Hall,  Mount Pleasan
1st and 3rd Mondays at 8  p.m.   Pres
dent,   W.   H.   Cottrell;   recording   seer
tary, A. V. Lofting, 2581 Trinity Strea
Jihone High. 168H; treasurer, E. S. Clov
snd; financial secretary and -bnaln-M
agent, Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Driv
offlee corner Prior and Main Streets.
feur's Union, Local No. 655—Mee
every 2nd and 4th Wedneadaya 8 p.i
President, W. M. Brown; buslneas agen
F. Haslett, 125 Fifteenth Avenue Easi
financial eecretary, Birt Showier, IIS
Hobson  Street;  phone  Sey.  5679.   Offli
">87 Homer Street. \
Meets Uht Sunday of each month i
2 p.m. President, W. H. Jordan; vie
president, W. H. Youhill; secretar;
treasurer, R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
Provincial Unions
In annua) convention fn January. E
cutlve officers, 191819: President,
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouve
vice-presidents—Vancouver Island: Cun
berland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Tayloi
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouve
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonneil; New Wes
minster, Geo. McMurphy; West Koot
nay, Silverton, T, B. Roberts; Crow
Nest Pass, W. B. Phillips, Fernle, W. .
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A.
Wells, Lahor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir S
Vancouver, B. C.	
and Labor Council—Meeta first ai
third Wednesday!, Knights of Pythli
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Prei
dent, B, Simmons; vice-president, '
Dooley; secretary-treasurer, Chrlstll
Siverts, P. 0. Box 302, Victoria, B. C.
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday la every month
p.m., Richard Hall. President, Jas. Bat
man; vice-president, Andrew Parker; i
cording secretary, Jas. Fearon; flnancl
secretary, William MacDonald; treason
J. H. Richardson.
ers, Local 1777—Meets firat and thl:
Mondays in I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kie
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, H. 1
Foster; financial secretary, W. C. Sml!
cor. Sutherland and Kieth Road Eai
North Vaneonver.
:owad» rood Bond:
:  LtcenM S-1NI   :
Here We Ar
—still holding the prices down
rock bottom—giving you the bet
quality nnd better service.
Wild Rose Pastry Flour,    _t_
10-lb.   sack  Ot.
B & K Extra Cream Belled f*i
Oats, 71b. sack  01
Bnisins, "Sun-Maid," 2
pkgs. for 	
Currants, nice and clean,
per lb	
Coffee, fresh ground -daily.
Per lb	
tnd Operating Engineers, Loci No.
620—Meeta every Monday, 7:30 p.m.,
Labor Temple. President, Dave Hodge,
077 Richard, Street, City; vice-preiident,
Frank Hunt, 1922 Socond Avenue West:
secretary-treasurer and business agent,
W, A. Alexander, Room 210 Labor Temple.  Phone Seymour 7495.
TEA—Pino Orango Pekoo bl
equal to any 75c Tea on g|
tho market, My price, lb. O"
Sogers Golden Syrup, (■»
5-lb. tin  0%
Silver Bar Apricots, per tht
tta tm\
Gold Dust Washing Powdor, ft |
30o pkgs. for  -*'
Canned Salmon, tall tins ft ft
for   „  £.-.
Freah Mid Cured Mean Reasoi
S. T. Wallace
118 HASTINOS ST. W.—SET. FBIDA1 _...„; Miy SO, 1M9
Men's Suits
at $40.00
Our* stock of high-class
tailored suits makes selection an easy one. Combined
with quality, we give you
the most up-to-date styles
in superior quality tweeds
and worstedfr-smart looking suits that have our guarantee label. -AU£_4fV/w\
sizes. Price .....mW-MJU
White   Duck   Trousers —
Strong wearing quality,
with belt loops and cuff bottoms. AUsizes. An mf.
Per pair.  «J>Z.OU
Khaki Drill or Grey Cotton-
ade Trousers — With five
pockets, belt loops and cuff
bottoms. Per    a0 aa
Pair.  90.UU
English Flannel Trousers—
Of superfine quality, in a
medium shade with side
straps, belt loops and cuff
BOYS' SUITS, VALUES TO $25,00for $15.00
Tailored from the most reliable hard-wearing
tweeds procurable, in the newest up-to-date
models in Norf oiks and waist-line styles of neat
design. Materials in colorings of browns and
treys. Excellent suits for $25.00. fti e __r\
1PECIAL FOR  ...$I5,00
^j(Fhf Hudson's Bay (fomnany p|
Granville and Georgia Streets
Men'i Hatten and Outfitter!
6M OrtUKille Street
8U Heetbm street Wert
none Sey. sn     Day or wight
Hoiui, Thornton ft Olegg
531 Homer St  Vucouver, B. 0.
Named Shoee are frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP ue always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for Ahsence of the Union Stamp
COLIS LOVELY, General Freildent— CHAS. L. BA1NE, Oeneral Sec.*Tnus.
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump—Comox Nut—Comox Pea
(TTjr onr Pea Ooal for your underfMd furnace)
1001 MAIN STREET Phone Sey. 210
A Protest
Prince Bupert, B. C, May 19,1919.
Editor B. O. Federationist:: Sir—
I wish to protest as a Marxian student 'against the propaganda delivered.in this moist city last Sunday
night by an intellectual monstrosity
under the auspices of the Federated
Labor party. The aome-what stereotyped platform, of the party seed
not be reiterated in this connection.
The faot that the party claims to
intepret in a scientific manner problems confronting the working class
makes all their accredited speakers
subject to criticism from the position which they socle to occupy.
The lecture was one well calculated to draw the guffaws of an unsophisticated proletariat in whieh
sound principles are sacrifice for
popularity. This electioneering type
of lecture has not educational value,
and if this ia all that the Federated
Labor party has to offer it stands
condemned as a joke or worse. The
restrictions Imposed by the average
dimension of a letter prohibit a complete analysis of the lecture (even
were it worth it), yet I hope to be
given enough space to point out its
most salient errors whilo passing it
briefly in review.
From the standpoint- of the average class of propaganda indulged in
by the alleged proletariat enlighten-
er of this metropolis (for which we
make allowances) the lecture waB
above par owing to his oratorical
effulgcncy, stale jokes and an embryo "Billy Sunday" attitude. During the • desultory remarks of the
chairman he .mentioned a Socialist
party and theh proceeded to'state
that the function of the Federated
Labor party was to fill tho chasm
which had been'located where capitalism ends and Socialism begins.
After hearing the speaker X doubt
tho ability of the Federated Labor
party to even fill a chasm.
The speaker was introduced as an
ex-Methodist minister, university
man, labor patriot, and what-not.
The, audience being sufficiently awed
and then slightly elated by theso
impressive titles, Mr. Woodsworth
assumed the task of offending our
intelligence. He at once proceeded
to engage in a polemic with an imaginary representative of churchan-
ity to justify his claim that Oene
Debs is entitled to be called a Chirs-
tian. This resulted in a complete triumph for the Bpcaker, who after further apologizing for the short-comings of a certain Mr. J. Christ (who
was presumably connected at one
time with tho Labor party in the
near Sast), commenced a discourse
Upon national -debts. He explained
that it would tako the exchange
values produced during one hundred
days each year by. the workors of
the erstwhile belligerent. European
nations to pay the intorest upon the
various governmental war bond issues. When he darkly hinted that
something of tho same kind, although possibly in a lesser degree,
would take place in this eountry, a
wave of indignation swept the audience.
This olass of consummate twaddle
may pass muster in an audienco
steeped in tho idiocy of country life,
but to any one who has read more
than the title on Marx Capital, a
red" herring is plainly discern-
Then followed anti-Bolshoviki atrocities, and while not committing
himself upon the Bolsheviki question, he was sympathetic in a diplomatic way, after thc manner of all
those who fear to speak for a thing
that looks too wenk nnd who rather
would in.silence shrink from the
truth which they must think, Wo
then had tho alien question rehashed. It came to us in concentrated
form, being an extract from his
celebrated lecture which has made
this particular topic tiresome.* At
this point moro bad economics were
inflicted upon us, when we were urged to maintain our historic standard
of' living. This long exploded fallacy
was one of the last things we expect to find even in the repertoire of
a modern labor fakir, or, granting
his sincerity, it follows that this fellow worker who. was . formerly engaged in intellectual pursuits, does
not understand what he is talking
about. -Tho peroration was lame; he
himself ploudiug guilty to the use of
bourgeois idealogy.
The action of the Prince Bupert
executivo of the Federated Labor
party in following the lead- of their
Vancouver brethcren by passing a
resolution which prohibits anyone
from taking thc floor following their
speakers is indicative that thoy
themselves must foel the weakness
of their own arguments.
Yours in revolt,
'come out flat footed and tpll the
boss what we want in the way of'
sanitary improvements, and Quit
making profits for him until we gst
what We want, then, and not untill.
then, will tho logging  camps   be
♦4.75. One day in November, soon
after I moved to this location, Mr.
Qeorge Adams, Leckie's traveller,
came into the store and said to me,
{.\_\lt. Frith, Mr. Leckie sent me up
here to say to you that Mr. John
MAUUster and Mr. J. Ablovits (Mr.
Ablovita runs the Clapp Shoe Store
*nd. I am told that he answers to
,_\\e name of Mr, Clapp, though Mr.
C-lapp died a tow years ago with
cancer) have beon to him and com-
-plained that you are cutting prices
m. them, and Mr. Leckie asked mo
ft;; a»y-to you that you can either
oleaned up. When we do that it will raiso your prices equal to theirs or
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that oheap goods can only be procured
by using oheap materials and employing oheap labor..
ii produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
not matter whother there le a health
officer, and a health act ot aot; as
we will mske our owa henlth lawa,
and enforce them, too.
All camp delegates should see that
tbey receive instructions from the
men in the camps as to whether they
want any cleaning up done this year.
Then the delegates can see that it
is discussed at the general meeting
in July.
Yours for emancipation,
Be The H. O. of L.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: Sir-
Pel. Kavanagh certainly gare us a
masterful interpretation or the baa-
is conditions governing' the E. C. of
h. from the economist standpoint,
but, I would Ux to draw his attention to the old saying, "While the
the horse is starv*
There are thousands of people in
Vancouver who art vitally, interested in evolving some method of easing the situation. They are class
conscious and possess a sufficient
working knowledge of economics to
be fully awaro that they will nover
obtain, what* Js coming to them as
workors until there is a change in
the system, but they are also just
as fully awaro that they are fac*>
isg a falling labor market .which
means that the returns which thoy
recoivo from the sale of their commodity—labor power—expressed in
dollars and cents, is apt to decrease
rather than incrcaso.
They aro also well aware that at
the liest all, thoy receive is their
'/hay and oats," but are most concerned at present with the fact that
unless something is done to provent
it, thoy will be compelled to cut out
the "oats and reduce the quantity
of Kay" or el!e lower the quality
bolow their present standard.
Cortain organizations are taken
caro of in this matter by having
a periodical balance struck betwoen
wages and cost of living but what
of the cduntless horde who by vir-
ture of the fact that they havo not
sufficient strongth in their organizations are unable to buck a falling1
labor market and enforce an increase sufflciont to maintain their**.
support accordod to the proposition'
for the.O. B. U.
J)o will out you out." I tried to
show him the deceit and the injustice of his remark but apparently
my embarrassment amused him
greatly..At last I asked him, "Do
you moan to say that for me to
handle Leckie shoes, Ablovita ean
figure out .in his store, just what
I am to sell them for and I have to
sell at that prieef" "Yes," he
answered, "that's practically it;" I
went down to the Lockio Co. Ltd,
and Mr. Brown, the manager, invit-
ed me into his office; he claimed
'that he was the one who sent Mr.
Adams up, but not with the message
which I received.* After we had
faked over the matter for some time
I asked him straight to his faco:
"Mr. Brown, do you think that
the deal you aro putting up tb me is
a straight dealt Do you think it is
His roply was, "Mr. Frith, right
m wrong does not enter into the
proposition at all. It has no bearing
on the question whatover, I make
toy monoy by making money for
Leckie, and that is all there.is to
jt." He then nsked me to oome and
have a talk with Mr. W. H. Leckie.
Mr. Lockio informed me that unless
I raised my pricos equal to the othor
stores up here, he would cut me out,
and the order which they were holding for mo would not be filled. Mr.
flrown, (whb died a few weeks
aftor) chimed in with, "No, Mr.
Leckie, that is illegal, but if Mr.
Frith will not raiso prices, when he
phonos in for goods wo will bo out
of them, or in other, words ,ho will
aot get accommodation,"
Well, I talked the matter over
With my customers, and decided to
try and get tho prices Mr. Leckio
suggested. He wanted me to sign
up, but I was previously advised
that such an act would be illegal,
but I told him that if I could not
get the prices, I would give the line
up, and up to April 10th, I sold at
the prices which he suggested, and
between November, IMS, and April
A-Oth, 1919, there has been no raise
as far as my invoices show,
j 'Somo time ago, one Tuesday mora-
_tg, about April 8th, Mr. John McAllister camo to the door of the
storo and asked me on what percen-
prosent standard of living. That* "■*■& was I pricing my running shoes,
many of thom aro convinced that1 i'toli him that I was not working
the present way. of organizing __f<pn?*ay particular, but that I was
dustrics has had a great deal to do' fc<-tting enough to suit me. Ho then
with it, is evinced by the splendid"*'-1' "* «*° not intend to let you
Hllrmrtrf   ...n._J   *.   «l-   _- !_t I d__n  IflV   linn*- "     T tn'ivlif   _■'.._  ■■.{_
closo my door."   I might have said
■loi*hint that if he had kept his fivo
Had labor proBented a united front1 l*_1,,e tenants, instead of letting
thinga would at loast havo beea kept1 *"**11 vacate his fivo stores ,and put-
in cheek to the extont that we would* '_*> Chinese into the five stores at
not find ourselves confronted withTf!!1?"^ reaao«* r™', ae would have
a new crop of millionaires the di
rect rosult of graft on the food and1 ■J"**: "I am not trying to close
clothing of the workor. . V"" 4m*~"    Ho  replied:  "You
But as I have said before, thoir1
Dally Paper
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir—
I understand it is tho aim of organized labor to have a daily paper,
why notf I think wo can dispense
with the Camp Worker, and let tho
expense of editing that papor go towards tho defraying tlio expense of
a dally labor paper. Why not turn
the Fed into a daily papcrf I think
tho news of all industrial organizations in B. C. can bo somewhere lo*
catod in say the daily Fed.
I think a lot of us workers that
now subscribe to our masters' papers would sooner support a daily
paper of our own.
Thero is no doubt tho 0. B. TJ. is
a cortainty. Why not follow a similar plan as far as a daily press is
Camp Conditions
Editor B. C. Federationist -Sir--
I saw by tho Federationist of May
16th that Delogate' 133 was jubilant
over the fact thnt there is a person
called a "medical*'health officer."
We had heard vague reports of
a medical health officer previous to
this spring, but bur fears were confirmed last February, when we learn**
bd'definitely that there ia such a
However, unlike Delegate 133, wo
did not get very jubilant over the
faot that there was a health officer,
as we had learned from past experience' that we nover got anything
from a government except it was a
poll tax receipt or something of that'
nature. '•-
. 1 think that Delegato 133 will
agree with me' that the only Way
we will' got the sanitary conditions
of. tho logging camps ianioved ii
way of immediately easing a situation that is rapidly 'becoming unbearable or do they have to reconcile themselves to ' grin and bear it'
until such times as it reachos the
unbearable point and tho system
goos down and out.
Yours for tho cnuse,
J. A. P. J,
had:. no noed to fear any one, but I
are. tho way you are Belling stuff.'
groat concorn now is, "Is there no1 "o'tken threatened to sell goods at
cost, ond then tried to urge me to
have an understanding with himsolf
and Ablovitz, and mako our prices
all thc saino.   But I flatly refusod.
Bome. — Much distress it felt
throughout the eountry on account
of the high eoat of living, the shortage of ooal aad raw material, and
unemployment. It ll felt that the
government will not be able to so-'
cure from the Allies all that is needed in the way of commodities that
the eountry doesn't produce. Fear
of high taxation deters many a capitalist from employing capital ia industry.
The masses are flocking to tho Socialist party. All over the country
big parades and mammoth meetings
are held.on behalf of full demobilization aad amnesty, and for no interference ia Bussia and other countries conquered by Socialism.
Sunday, April 13, a riot occurred
ia Milan. It was caused by the lack
Of taet of the police. A ..hour gen*
oral strike of protest stopped the
life of the eity two days later. A
24-hour general strike, wai successful ia Bome on the 10th of April as
a protest againat the authorities
having forbidden a parade and a
publio meeting.
Paris.—"Le Populoirc" ia a re*
cent issue gives a statement of its
growth since October, 1918. Beginning with a circulation of 9,500 "Le
Populairo" haa increased to aa
average daily circulation of over 20,-
000. "We wish," writes the editor,
r'to give the Socialist party nnd
particularly the Socialists of Paris,
a great evening paper, which they
need to offset the lying press. On
the other hand, 'L'Humanite,' the
other journal of tho party, is destined for the Socialists all over
La Vague," a radical' weekly
Socialist paper published by Deputy
Pierre Brizon, has passed the 100,-
000 mark in its building up of circulation.
London.—The Triple Alliance of
Labor, meeting at Southport, has decided to call for a national conference of the trades union movemont
to consider the steps necessary to
compel the government to comply
with labor's demands regarding
Bussia, conscription and the blockade, This decision will havo been
strengthened by what has happened
since in Hungary, whore Buraanin's
act of aggression is being construed
by labor hero as a blow struck by
the Entente against a Socialist republic. The foreign news service of
the now Labor daily (the "Dally
Horald") has done moro than any
propagandist campaign to open the
eyes of the worken to what is going on abroad. The dispatches of H.
N. Brnilsford, the woll-known publicist, who is in Hungary, an Irrefutable proof of the anti-democratic policy of tht Entente, aa well aa
of the real constructive and peaceable basis of the new Soviet government ia hungary.
All the latest styles and colors ih <
SOFT FELT.   Quality the best.
The latest styles in Straws and
Panamas.. Also the latest shapes
and colors in CAPS.
Black & White
Hat Store
Dr. H. E. Hall
tet Ban at I. 0. mettle aent
vara avaaa-i
rasas Itf. MM
u< Noa-nleohoUc wlatt af al
government making conditions such
as these for the purchase of supplies." .
News now eomes to hand that
John Maclean, sentenced to Ave
yoars   imprisonment   was   released
At the recent municipal elections
in the state of Illinois, the New Labor party scored many victories, itt
candidates being successful in nine
cities. In Aurora the whole ticket
from mayor downward, went over
tho top by 1,200 plurality. In Kan-
kakoe, five aldermen out of seven
won on tho labor ticket.  Hawanee
elected a mayor and two commissioners out of four. Labor in Col-
linsville elected the mayor, city treasurer, and two aldermen; In Beta-
via it put over the mayor, city clerk,
city treasurer, and two aldermen; in
Bcardstown, the mayor and five aldermen; in Westvllle, the entire ticket; likewise in Marysville.    The
hottest fight was in Joliet, where
the candidate for mayor lost by oaly
297 votes and the party's candidate
nosed in as commissioner. Ia Winona the mayor and four out of five
aldermen were elected. In Kansas
City,   Han.,   tho  commissioner  of
parks and all three school trustees
were eleoted. One candidate received
dates for commissioners wen tinted by 7,600 voters.
Buenos Aires—The farmers'
strike, which* haa beea in effect for
weeks ia Santa Fe Province, kas
spread to tho Province ot Buetaos
Aires. It ie largely a passive movement, but lighting has beea reported
at several points, where the strikors
are attempting to prevent aU fans-
era from pleating crops.
Send your old address with yoar
new ono when making a change.
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: To tho
camp delegates, as to the suggestion
of the .secretary-treasurer:
I, as a camp delegate, would consider it a good idea indcod, for the
camp delegates to hold a conference,
previous to tho general mooting in
July, The delegates should have the
powor to vote to tho number of ballots of the number of' Union men they
represont. Here we intend to hold a
meoting of the men, as far as these
three camps nre concerned, the latter part of June. And tho camp delegates here will convey. the views
and proposals of tho men to the
delegates' meeting in July,t-o Vancouver. And after the dologatcs goneral conferenco let tho delogatos'
proposals he put bofore thc goneral
meeting (also the number of. votes
it was carried by), to be rejected or
endorsed hy thc union men who aro
not represented by a delegate. And
then all the B. C. L. union men will
hnvo the equal chance to havo thoir
right of power as fur as the union
ballot is concerned.
As far as thc financial question is
concerned in relation to transportation of tho delegates. Porhaps one
delegato could represont moro men,
say onc hundred. And let that Dolegato got his expenses und wages
paid, if he hus been active as far
as the B. C. L. Union is concerned.
Editor B. C. Federationist: Sir—
I have been advised by somo of
my friends to write to you und place
the following facts before you.
My storo is a onc-nmn store. I do
all my own work hero, and I am
not looking for any publicity, but,
thoro arc many who think thut such
treatment as I' has received should,
bo exposed, that my case is just one'
of many such cases.
I started in business in October,
1910 at 100 Broadway east; in 1912
I taoved my stock to the cornor of
10th Ave. and Main stroet, keeping
to tho same line of goods, numcly,
boots and shoos. Among my lines'
which I stocked while at the corner;
of 10th   and   Main   were    Leckio'
this firm was dated November 1st,
1910, for some years I have been
shoes .from the J. Leckie Co. Ltd.,
and in the fall of last year they
woro costing, me the following
prices: I..U4, men's shoe, cost (5.70
and I sold for $7.00; L.214, boys'
shoe, cost $3.90 and I sold it for
$•1.50; L.314, youth, $3.30, and I sold
for $4.00; and't.689, ehilds', cost
$160 and I sold for $3.25. In Octobor of last year I moved-my ttock.
to this location, 2313 Main St.,
Leckie's still supplied mo tho shoes*
and I still sold at the same prlcea
Sometime previously I had had somo
little difficulty with tho Leckie Co,
on prices but in May, 1917, I
bought L.214, boys' boots from them
thoir request at $4.50, but in October of last year when; thoy raised*
thoir prico to $3.90,1 was quite willing to allow my customers tho 10
cents and continued to sell the shoe
He thon said ho would soe me again, f bor M.P., who was nominated by
Later on, I saw Ablovitz go to Mr. I the coalition government to run
McAllister's store nnd Mr. McAllis- against MacLean, who, though con-
9,383 votes. The candidate for mayor lost out by   283 votes.  In Du-
from jail during the Britiih elections /'uth, Minn., two labor party candi-
on the appeal of Geo. N. Barnes, La- / '
inonam tm otbbmi
Th.re'i an oblf-tatton that lost
with pertr-Une Ul.ph.at service-*-**
obligation shared tw «U peraeas ta
tht Um, aa obllf.tio. wklek tatk
tm. ta tha others.
Inordlnarllr leaf eonverutloae 1st*
4t-.ei-.tljr  cease annoyance   ""   	
gw.e  dtatim.    Oame a  .
oa tk. llu m»r bt trrlat te
-teeter or make eeme elalle.lv
cell.   Perhaps, too, there's   a
. important    mesea-ie,    teeontaf >
eomeoae en  the  Uae—perhaps
fer the person who It 'Soldi**! >hla(t
Think it over! Tht thllistlon It
me lhal will appeal it all who tin
cooiideretiea to it,
p. imnon co., urn.
r tut*-*-*!
I conn
ter phoned to me to see if I had
changed by mind, and I told him
"no," I hadn't, and he hung up the
receiver, and when I saw Mr. Geo.
Adatus, Leckie's traveller, spending
some considerable time at Ablovitz'a
storo, I guessed there waa some more
dirty work brewing; lator I was informed over the phone from Leckio's
that I would not bo able to get any
more goodB from Leckio's, and that
a letter was coming. The following
is a, copy of the letter which I received:
Vancouver, April 10/19
Arthur G. Frith, Esq.,
•   2313 Mtim Stroet, City.
Doar Sir:
I Wo beg to advise you that wo will
not bo ablo to accept any further
business from you at tho present
time, While regretting to have to
take this stand, we wish to thank
you for your past favors, and are,
J. Leckio Co., Ltd.
I colled on Mr. Leckie, and he informed mc that I would not be ablo
to get any moro goods. Upon asking his reason, he simply replied:
"Business policy," and thon, "wo
have had to cut others out."
There seems to bc a lot of this
Selfish, unfair dealing going on, and
appdrohtly there is no redress, I am
constantly meeting men and women
whose burdens are heavy, and thoy
long for a change which would make
life easier for them, and make lifo
Inure worth living, and havo a fairer
chance to raise their children in a
way winch at presont is absolutely
possiblo for many of them. To
com pure tho price of goods today
With tho service that a good deal of
thc stuff given, is out of all proportion,
T trust that some time, somo how,
things and conditions will be much
'fairer than they now arc
-'Yours very truly,
o Topping tho new bill at the Pan-
'feges next weok, opening with thc
^ip-tineo performance  Monday, will
men's and boys' furnishings, hats,. ^ "Bomo Baby," a big and morry
musical comedy offering, featuring
]fl£gnes Burr, Johnnie Keennn and a
bovy of pretty chorus girls,
shoes, although my flraHnvoico from! 9fror the special added attraction,
Manager Pantages has arranged for
. ... , . „ , *y° tmnMie appearance of Hoy St-evor and
handling   the   following   lines   0fJJ^tty Mildred Lovojoy, singing and
ncing stars, in thoir latest Lodge
idge.   Tho yare Baid to be a riot.
Harris and Manion. two men, also,
will bo in the forefront of tho entertainment with their laughing sue-
Voss, "Uncle Jorry at tho Opty."
Advance reports say the act Ib vory
Maidio DeLong, tho baseball bug,
,*who is a prime favorite here, also
>wiU bo among thoso present. She
(has some new song hits this season.
... Will Morris, the tramp comedian,
who performs tricks on bicycles and
:pthor like vehicles, will e another
Thc Victoria Four, four men in n
X  !■____ k       t__   ti si   —i-       «-w   VMJiunu xuur, iuur IIIU11 III H
at iS.80 and soIoVit according .to ~*_Mte that includes songs ami
*l.ni.    ........    i.f     .If**,      K..f    Jn     t\._   r-   r      . . , .     .    . ***
comedy, ulso is expected to prove n
ritiong,drawing card.
Patronizo Fedftationist  advertis
demned and in jail, was nominated
for parliament.
Detroit.—"Forty dollars for forty
hours" is the slogan that has been
adopted by the electrical workers in
thcir demand, for higher wages and
a shorter workingweoa. Alroady the
contractors have yielded to the demand. The manufacturers of electrical appliances are resisting it ahd
threatening to precipitate a goneral
striko among tho electrical workers.
Since May 1st, Detroit has been
seething with unrest. At the present time thero are betwcoh 50 and
00 strikes ia progress, nnd now ones
aro breaking out doily. High rents,
shortage of housing accommodations
excessive food prices nnd the growing pressure of unemployment in
many lines are behind the goneral
unrost. There is a positive oloment
in it, however, that is showing itself in all of tho great Industrial
centres. Most of the strikes arc
among tho unorganized workers —
they are spontaneous, mass expressions of a growing dissntisfoction
not with wages or hours, but with
the economic system as u whole. The
workers in Dotroit oro out to got
the works.
e   »   e
Chicago—When A. A. Heller, director of the commcrcin! department
of the Russian Soviet burenu, came
to Chicago to interest business men
in contracts to supply tho Kussian
Federated Soviet republic with merchandise if trado relations could lie
opened up, ho said to tho business
men Hint Soviet Russia would not
Prison made goods.
Child labor mode goods.
Goods not bearing the union label.
Tho "New Majority," organ of
(he lalior party of Chicago, in commenting U|ion thc nbove facts in its
edition of May 19, says:
"We never heard of any other
Ba C Federationist Daily Paper Fund
Do You Want It Enough to Assist in Paying for It?
Gut out tho above coupon and mail the amount you wish to contribute
to the fund for the purpose of establishing a daily paper for B. C, Receipts will he acknowledged from time to time in Tho Federationist.
Every pair must be sold, as W. J. Thorne, who has leased the store, must
have possession on June 30th.
Men's Oood Working Boots-
Keg. !>5.S0,  going at 	
Men's Fino Dross Boots—In all
styles.   Up to #10.00, going at.
Ladles' Boots, up to -Sia.00,
clearing at	
jSvery pair in tho store at a bargain, as we
have to hurry.
Richmond's Closing-Out Sale
no. 22     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tancotjveb, ft c.
FBIDAT.....  ....May .80, U
The Pioneer Union Storo
The Style
Is Right
THIS is one of
the good waist-
seam suits we're
ready to show you,
in single and double
breasted models.
Unusual values in
Hart Schaffner &
Marx suits for men
who prefer the
more conservative
styles, at prices
within reach.
$25   $30   $35   $40   $45
One-Fifty-Three Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Vancouver Trades
Council Accepts
Govt Challenge
(Continued from page 1)
United States. It was moved that
& committee be appointed to wait
on the educational authorities, and
to object to this hind of teaching in
the public ichools. Del. Burns stated
that this was a reflex of the misrepresentation in the public press as
to Russia. Del. Kavanagh stated
that if the council could not get this
kind of teaching stopped there wan
. only one thing to -do, and that was
' to keep the children from the
, schools. It was suggested that the
military training should also be objected to. Thie was embodied in
the motion, as was a suggestion
that reflections on the council be
not permitted by the teachers in the
schools, as was being made in some
instances. The motion was adopted.
The committee appointed was Wells,
Midgley, Youngash, Harrison and
The notice of motion made by
Del. Wells to have the council meeting* changed from Thursday to
Wedneaday was read a ilrst time
ond defeated.
Tho council adjourned at a late
hour after » most interesting
Shipyard Laborers
At the last meeting of this local
held Friday, May 23, in the Labor
Temple, it was decided to leave thc
question of thc general strike in
the hands of tbe executive, to call
a meeting if they deemed it advisable. Delegates tq the Trades and
Labor Council wero instructed to
oppose the change in date of council
meeting, as thc Metal Trades CouncU also meets on Wednesday, and
many delegates to that body are
also delegates to the' Trades and
Labor Council. The matter of out-
of-employment insurance was also
mentioned. The union endorsed
Recommendation No. 1 of the Metal
TradeB Council as to the Coughlan*
firm, and went on record for a
minimum of $5.50 for the laborers
scale for any further contracts.
Patronize Federationist  advertisers and tell them wny yeu do so.
Steel Workers' New Chief
Tittsburg, Pa.—By a referendum
voto, M. F. Tighe has been elected
president of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Tin and Steel Workers. The new executive was secro-
tary-trousurcr of the steel workers.
He succoeds John Williams, who resigned tho presidency.
Pressmen Raise Wage*
Ottawa, Ont.—Printing Pressmen
and Assistants Union No. 5 has secured a ten months' agreement
which increases wages $5 a week for
cylinder pressmen, $2 to $3.50 for
other membors and establishes a 45-
hour week for night work itt one and
one-third the day scale.
Paris Special Working
Boots Selling at $4.95
1 Absolutely the bost boot procurable at tlie price. Guar-
. anteed all solid leather soles, heels and counters.   Comes
in black or tan. An excellent fitter and built &A QC
to wear.  All sizes.   Reg. $6.50. Special «pHf»»/0
PARIS HANO-MADE BOOTS-Made right here in the
store.   They are all solid.   The stock is all selected, assuring you of the best boot possible.
Regular $10.50.   Special	
Bring your repairs hers—the material and workmanship
ii superior.
Pierre Paris
Boot and Shoe Manufacturers *
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
.  Phone Seymour 4716
Government Refused  to
Look Into Matter of
Reduced Wages
Other Unions Are Out or
Soon Will Be in
Five thousand miners in Alborta
and British Columbia are still oa
strike as tho result of a walkout
which took, place at 3 o 'clock Saturday afternoon as a protest against
the rofusal of Commissioner Armstrong and the government to grant
an investigation into the reduction
of wages that has como to a number of the workers in thia district
by reason of the changes modo following tho coming into forco of the
eight-hour law in British Columbia.
Why should thore be any quibbling! Why <1ooh tho government
and tho director of coal operations
refuse an investigation as asked for?
Do they hopo thereby to cause a dia-
sciuion among the workers! If
that, is their hopo thoy aro doomed
to disappointment. District 18 will
hold soliilly together in the ilrm assurance thai other bodies of organized labor in the west will givo active assistance,
Sympathetic Strike
Tho eity of Fernie is in dark-
nesfl and overy industry dependent
on electric power haa been forcod to
suspend ou account of the sympathetic striko of electrical workers
and civic-employees. Members of
the B. C. Loggers' Unjon aro also
preparing to go out in Bympathy
with tho miners and this will mean
the complete tieing up of the logging industry of thoso parts.
Pay while
you wear
—the method that places the worker on the
—same footing as the employer.
Why U it that the buRinesi man li u-mi.ll*- io w«ll drmetl while yr-r
often Ihe worker hne to go without . new suit, although he knows he
needi It be.ilj*!
-lust think that over—you'll Hnd that In a geei many taaes It'a iioiti-
ble berni.ee tbat bnRine,s man geta credit—don't have to |iay for the ault
aa you would be compelled to do—l. given time until be can )iay for It.
We give you the same treatment u other stores give
the bustneei man and deny you—
We give you your aalt—juit aa good—Jmt ns Rtyllsh—just sa wide
range to acted from—on payment of a small Cn-.li Deposit with balance
in amall weekly instalments.
I $25 to $50
342 HASTINGS ST. WEST (near Homer)
Protests   Against   Tyranny   Exercised Qn Bussians in
. Australia
Many spirited protests have been
made by Australian labor bodies
against Allied interference in Rus-
sia, also againBt the tyranny shown
towards law-abiding .Russian citizens in Australia. As regards thc
latter, thc position has become well
nigh intolerable. A goodly number
of them have been interned und
with their wives and families are
to be deported—to where, they aro
not told. Tho government * is busy
trying to ropo in others as well. In
addition to thiB, thoso at liberty arc
subjected to military raids every
now and then; theso and other petty
tyrannies being doubtless for the
purposo of terrorizing thom. Thc
Russians naturally complain at. the
action of tho'government, and the
pross in backing up tho actions-of
the government, and point out that
they are Iaw;-nbiding citizens who
were invited to como to Australia
by Tory-Government immigration
agents from thcir own country. Today the same governments do not
want, them, while the malicious lies
spread about them make it extremely difficult for them to obtain a
At tho ounual conferenco of the
Australian Lubor Party, held at
Melbourne (Victoria) on April 18-
22, the following motions wcro carried:
"That this conference strongly
protests against tho use of any
forces to interfere with tho internal
government of Russia, objects to the
Allied policy of starvation by
blockade, and urged the government
to do all in its power to allow the
Russian people to work out thajr
own destinies.
That this conference protests
againBt thc treatment meted out to
Mr. Peter Simonoff (the Russian
consul-general, who has been gaoled)
and other Russian citizens in Australia, apd instructs the labor exocutive to demand that Mr, Simonoff
and the Russian citizens desiring to
return to Russia by any route that
will permit them to return to their
nativo land, be at onco permitted
to do so, such agitation to be followed by deputation to the Prime
"That this conferenco, recognizing
thnt thc Russian working-class revolution, in seeking to establish the
common ownership and workers'
management of thc collectively used
means of production, has the same
object us thc International Labor
Movement in genoral nnd the Australian Labor Movement in particular expresses its earnest hope for
the success of that revolution nnd
the speedy and bloodless accomplishment of that object in every eountry. It further -declares that Ihe
mass of testimony from disinterested observers shows that the blame
of tho Russian bloodshed und famine
must be imputed to: (1) The ter
ro'rlsm, corruption and incapacity of
tho Czarist regime against which
tho capitalist governments have
nover protested; (2) the ruin nipl
disorder springing from thc grent
war, and (3) thc support by nrmed-
intcrvention nnd starvation block-
ado rendered by' thc Allies to reactionary movements which have as
their objects thc restoration of capitalism and Ceamm.
"This conference further places
on record its enthusiastic admiration
of thc conduct of thc anti-militarist
Socialists of Europe during the war,
whose aims have been so vilely misrepresented by thc capitalist press
of Australia.
"This conferenco finally instructs the executivo to hold meetings and to publish pamphlets for
the purpose of putting before the
people the truth of thc Russian
Strike at Prince Rupert
Still Tight
Many District Offices Are
Being Opened to Meet
Big Growth
Organizer Myers wired from
Princo. Rnpert on Tuesday that a
strike of men working on the dry-
dock for J. Morgan had taken pluce,
No detail* yet (o hand, but workers
in ail districts will take note and
aet accordingly. The Courtenay
strike is still on. Th* Comox Logging Railway Company have scoured
all the districts for scabs and after
three weeks' record only succeeded
in getting 21. Realizing the extent
to which the solidarity of labor has
developed in this eountry, they sent
one of the Vancouver labor agents
to Seattle to round up some "desirable" citizens. Through his
efforts, assisted by the Hanley Employ mont Agenoy of that city, he
got fivo, who were permitted to en-
tor this country by the immigration
department on the grounds that tho
necessary "desirable" citizens wero
not available in tho provinco. Two
of the five quit the job and camo
to Vancouver and gave the foregoing information, including the name
of the Vancouver scab-hiring labor
shark. It does not require a very
prophetic vision to see that particular individual carrying a minute
man's badge and ultimately seeking
for a place elsewhere than Vancouver in which to carry on his practices. Ottawa was wired in connection with tho occurrence and haB
stated that the admission of the
strikebreakers was entirely without their authority.
Prlnc-tton Is Tight
Princeton is tied tight. Financial
assistance is coming coming in
steadily from affiliated membership
and many pledges of unlimited assistance if needed. Everything
points to a complete victory for the
boys in thcir fight for bottor living conditions as against profits for
exploiters of our natural resources
and of the workers.
Ono of tho sub-contractors on tie
new Kamloops - Kelowna railway
camo to headquarters and askod for
tho union scule of wages, stating
that he was desirous of starting his
section with a good understanding
betwoen himself and tho organisation, and would give preference to
union men.
Seattle Defense Fund
At Sunday's meeting $100 was
contributed to tho Seattle defense
fund of the men who are being
penalized through legal proceedings
for thoir alleged activities in tho
recont general striko in that city.
The auditor's quarterly statement
was placed before tho meeting and
will bo published in detail in the
Camp Worker. They also presented
a further roport up to and including
Friday, tho 23rd inst.
The question of trouble which had
arisen at Camp 10, Cowichan Lake,
was dealt with and it was considered that thc only way to got the
matter satisfactorily dealt with was
by having a joint moeting of the
mombors in Empire camps 0 and 10
and Hemmingscn's camp, with the
addition of a representative sent
from headquarters.
The votes so far as at preaent
tabulated in the recent referendum
are: For the O.B.U., 2800; against,
32. For the adoption of the preamble, 2157; against, 51,
Open New Offlce
District offices are now opened
at Princeton, Cranbrook, Prince
George, Kamloops and Princo Rupert, and arrangements have been
made in every instance for the best
lgal talent obtainable to be at all
times at the service of the organization should occasion warrant.
The B. C. L. U. stands strlelly
for law und order and will seo that
thc laws relating to the health regulations for camps, Workmen's Compensation Act, Semi-monthly Pay
Act, and the rights of freedom of
speech and assembly uro strictly enforced.
Lots of Jobs for Soldiers
A returned man went to the Returned Soldiers' Club this week and
was told that thero were no jobs
vacant, but that there would bc lots
next week shouldering a gun.
Ask your grocer if his clerks are
in thc union?
Patronize Federationist advertis-
Painters' Union
Members of tho Painters' Union
who have not voted on the general
strike arc requested to call at the
business agent's offico and do so,
any lime -during the following hours:
Friday between 10 a.m. and 0 p.m.,
Saturday between 10 n.m. and It
p.m., Sunday 10 to 12 and 3 to 5
Buy at a union store.
Handkerchiefs for
Colored handkerchiefs, in various
dainty shades, at 15c
and nlAc each-
Plain linen handkerchiefs, with narrow
hem and having hand-
embroidered initial—
Very fine quality
sheer linen handkerchiefs, with narrow
hem. Special—35c or
three for $t.Q0.
—including tt—, yellow,
blue or coral beads, at
65-£, Sl-OO and S2.25.
"Nenette and Bintintin"
good luck pins, in four
different styles, at 85<£
Dull silver dress pins, -with
blue stone settings, also
bluebird pins at ?1.00
Pearl stud ear-rings, in
small or large sizes, at
501 to $2.00 a pair.
—Main Floor.
575    ORANVILLE    ST.
Workers Getting Control
of City and Country
London.—Over a million persons
are now out of work here, and of
these 100,000 arc in tho cotton district. Very naturally, labor leaders and trado unionists everywhero
are demanding that tho government
should organise production and nationalize industry, instead of giving
unemployment doles.
It is pointed out that there is a
world shortage of necessnry articles while factories stand idle, that
nothing has been done to start the
announced schemes of housing,
town planning, afforestation and
intensive cultivation of thc soil, and
that .the travelling public is being
put to the greatest inconvenience
through want of transport facilities while thousands of unemployed
could be repairing rolling stock and
manning extra trains and tubes, etc.
Labor Scores in Local Elections
All over the country hundreds of
labor men and women have been
placed on the county, district and
parish councils, and boards of guardians. This labor movement in our
local government is unprecedented.
If thoso who rail aimlessly against
Bolshevism knew what are the salient points of Bolshevism, they
would sec in this successful lnbor
campaign in local districts, as compared with the apparent indifference
shown in the recent parliamentary
elections, a rciU» desire for tbe decentralization of government which
is really the foundation of the Bolshevist' system. (Evelyn Sharp, of
tho flbndon Horald.)
Patronize  Federationist,  advertisers.
True economy in clothes means the
greatest amount of style, of wear
and of satisfaction for the price paid.
Fashion Craft Clothes for men have
a reputation for just such economy.
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
(Continued from page 1)
slaves! Not brute force but mental
chains hold them in subjection.
Towards the decline of Rome the
plebians became degenerate and sold
their votes to ono or othflr of the
various parties of the patricians in
much the same manner as the professional classes in modern society
prostitute themselves to thc capital!
ist class.
The class struggle is the struggle
between the possessors and'the dispossessed. Privato property cither in
tie ownership of the land or thc
tools of production is the basis of
this antagonism. Touching on the
French rovolution, it was not the
slave class or serfs which became
free when feudalism was abolished,
but the rising merchant class.
Freodom, equality, f intern ity,
were then the slogans of the -day,
but it was freedom, equality and
fraternity for ono clasB only.
With the development of the machino thc condition of workers in
England and France especially becamo wars?. Unemployment became
rife, the workers blamed tbis condition of affairs to the pmchinc, hence
wo hnvo the great riots ond the
smashing of the machines all over
With the end'of the Napoleonic
wars the returning soldiers enme
back to this state of affairs and
when starvation forced bim lo revolt
he was wit with bullets instead of
bread. It was impossible for those
individuals then to exist as it is now
without selling themselves to the
owners of the means of life. The
workers at this time began to organize themselves and combination
spelled progress.
Craft Union organizations for a
time brought good results to the
workers, but with the concentration
of capital in the form of joint stock
companies, etc., the craft union form
of organization lost much of tbeir
During this latter period of capitalism wc sec the state lining up
ngainst the workers to protect the
interests of the master class, to protect thc interest of privato property.
Naturally this has developed a
knowledge of the state nnd its functions. Sixty years ago wc could not
find a working elass organization
presenting a preamble, stating thnt
their ultimate object was capture of
political power of the state and the
complete ownership of the tools of
Touching on the Snnkoy award in
England, this concession whs not
given freely by thc capitalists of
that, country, but was an example
of the pressure exerted by the workers.
In spite of the great friendship
which is supposed to exist between
Lloyd Oeorge and President Wilson,
tho capitalists of the TJ. S. A. wore
at daggers -drawn with tho capitalists of Great Britain: With the
great, competition whieh existB between Ihe various countries tho closing of the coal mines in Britain
meant that thc markets of tho Med-(
iterranean would go to America. Thc
world market today has shrivelled
up in comparison to the number of
competitors this state of affairs
meant that a show-down between
master and slaves was near at hand,
The paid press of today was continually trying to create troublo not
only did they misrepresent the actions of the workers nt home, but
they misreprenented the actions of
tho workers of other lands. They
tell us that there are no classes, but
that we nre all Canadians. In spite
of the fact that in the next news
U Ladies and Gents!
YOU ctn buy the most stylish clothing In town here
and get a complete outfit of Outer Apparel by
simply pnying a few dollars down. Vou oan bs
kit well dressed at anyone and nobody will know bow
you've done it, became we conduct our buainess on
ft strictly confidential biwU—no enquiries, no fuss, no
humbug. We trust you. Just pty st your Income will
(i)low. Come ln and talk tbe matter over with us.
Wo will be glad to help you. We guarantee you perfect style, sterling value and your own time to pay,
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
Opposite tin Province OfflM    .'.'-...    Seymour 1361
Who are to be the
Fortunate Women?
Please do not judgo these dainty little Dinner-
ware Services by their priee. Really you will
bo surprised at the pleasing values. The designs are of excellent taate—plain white gold,
and pretty floral sprays that are not too bold.
Tho ware is a good quality semi-porcelain.'
Wo offer you a number of services to choose
, from at this remarkably low price. There aro
42 pieces to the set, to -^lO 7C
wll at ..- - - %9'lioo 9 D
Beautiful Imported French Dinner Service.
This set has been designed to meet tho demand
for a rich, handsome, high-grade dinner service.
Tho body is made of the wonderful French li-
nioges china. It is extremely dainty nnd good
looking. The decoration is a beautiful border
design of gold. You will note thc handsome new
shapes of the pieces, of which there sre .112.
This is indeed a rare opportunity for that
woman who has long wanted a really benuiiful
dinner service. Regular vnlue <fc 1 1 O Aft
♦154.00;  special  at    W* 1 £f\3\J
Millar & Coe, Ltd.
HeadquurterB for China and Toys
item they gloat over the regiments
of soldiers and their Mounted Fo*
Hec which arc kept in readiness.
' lit dealing with the European situation: What is tho strugglo in
Europo today f ho nsked. Is it thc
Kaisert No, he has passed out of
thc spot light.
not to fight Prussianism, but to help
crush the workors of nnother country, who are out to abolish slavery.
Today we must speak out no matter whose feelings we hurt. Arms and
ammunition are going to Itussia for
the purpose of crushing thc work
Thc policy and cry of the Russ
is not Russia for the Russians, 1
tho world for the workers.
Knight and O'Connor to Speal
Tho Ei-BoWiors and Sailo
Labor Council of Vancouver \
hold its regular propaganda in*
ing in tho National Theatre Suit*
nftornoon with Joe Knight nndT
O'Connors as speakers. Doors 0]
nt 2 p.m.
smart shoes
for young men
—you'll find them at Dick's—the latest and
best in every line.
Our showing of Young Men's Shoes is complete—it embraces everything the biggest
factories turn out jn smart models—striking styles—color combinations—the kind
of shoes with snap and pep to them.
Here's a dandy at $10
•—a classy mode) In tony rod or blaok KuunTctal—
best quality cnll'-—selected qunlity leather solo—
recede toe—a shoe that's absolutely the best shoe
offered in tho West—a bargain at,
A $5 Shoe for Boys
, —one with far more than .|5 in value in it—in Ian—
leather that has quality that moans service—
Acme rubber solo—strongly made—sizos 1 to &/_,
Ten Per Cent. Off to Soldiers
Guaranteed—"Your   Money's  Worth  or
Your Money Back"
33 -45-47-49, Hastings St.East.


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