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The British Columbia Federationist May 14, 1920

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$2.00 PER YEA1
Judge Cayley Intimated Tkat It Would Be Impossible
to Secure Conviction—Dourasoff Is Confounded
by Evidence of Charges Which He Denied
Had Been Made Against Him
The dismissal of the perjury
charge against the Mounted Police
agents, Roth and Dourasoff, at
half past two on Thursday afternoon, came as a surprise only by
reason of Its suddenness. The
Judge's attitude throughout had
teen very plainly what the lawyers
call "hostile to the prosecution;"
he had mado It clear again and
again that he did not feel called on
to review tha Immigration Enquiry
proceedings; and though one would
hardly accuse Judgo Cayley of
••sympathy" with either of the parties concerned, the Impression was
oarly created that if he had any
prejudices they were certainly going to tell In favor of the two police agents in jeopardy rather than
of the unfortunate men already
held tor many weary months In
durance vile. His attitude may
have boen perfectly correct from
a lawyer's point of view.
When the court opened on Thursday afternoon, it was understood
that a witness who had testified for
the defense would be cross-examined, tbat other evidence for the
defense would be put in, and that
thero would be rebuttal testimony
for the prosecution. Almost as soon
as Judge Cayley took hts seat, howover, he said:
"1 have come to the conclusion
that the case has failed."
Dourasoff and Roth, he remarked, had been pretty fully cross-examined; the effect wae simply to
make them repeat all they had
Tlie proceedings gave an opportunity of getting members of the
local Russian populntion to throw
as much dirt as possible at one another; but the court should not be
used for stirring up animosities.
If counsel wished to go on with
thc case, they could do so; but the
probability was that In the end he
would acquit the accused and discharge them.
Mr. Davis, for the defense, said
then: "Wo consent to give no more
The judge went on to refer to
the Immigration Commission which
ordered the deportations on evidence supplied largely by the accused agents. He did not say he would
have convicted the alleged revolu
tlonarles had he tried the cases;
but, he added, "I'm not the Immigration court. They take evidence
and proceed on different grounds."
"It's no use going on with this
cose with the hope of securing a
conviction," he repeated. "It's impossible to establish perjury in this
case." The conflicting testimony
would create a conflict in the mind
of the Judge; consequently he said:
"I propose we draw this case to
an end."
Prosecution Raises Objection.
Mr. Wood rose to refer again to
the Immigration Board, mentioning
that, In addition to the usual procedure, there had been counsel allowed to represent the board itself.
Objections to evidence In favor of
the men were, with about six exceptions, sustained; objections to
evidence In their favor were overruled. The men had been charged
with being members of a prohibited organization; also of running
a gambling house and selling liquor.
This charge had not been sustained
In accordance with the recognized
principles of procedure.
Judge Cayley agreed that the allegations made before the Immigrntion Board "would have required
.much more corroboration In a
criminal court."
Mr. Wood: "Yes; and this was a
criminal chargo."
Mr. Roid claimed that, at the enquiry, "wider limits were given to
cross-examination than your houor
would have given." There was
"roam after ream of cross-examinn-
(Contlnued    Vm  page V
Appeal in Russell Case to
Be Registered by Minister of Justice
Will Attempt to Clear Up
Some Misconception of
Modern Society
The propaganda meeting of the
■ocialiBt Purty of Canada will
again be held in the Empress Theatre next Sunday night, tho speaker
being Charles Lestor, who can bo
relied upon to give an attractive
and educational address. .
The widespread discontent and
unrest which Is now In evidence all
over the civilized world can be
taken as a sign of the advanced
state of capitalist production. The
conflict of interests Inseparably
bound up with this form of society,
Is also being generally recognlted.
But the arguments advanced regarding the cause, and the methods
proposed for eliminating this condition of affairs, are various and
somewhat amusing. To enumerate
these different Ideas Is not possible
here. But there ls no doubt that if
a quiet and unprejudiced survey of
social conditions is made, and the
. process through which the workers
must go In order to obtain the miserable pittance which they refer
to as wages, is given a little more
attention, much bewilderment and
frothy denunciation would be
The working class work and
suffer nnd die In industry and in
war, because they do not have the
•lightest claim to ownership of the
lapd and the machinery of production. The capitalist class rule, and
revel In luxury and idleness; the
cruel grind of uncongenial and life-
destroying daily toil, and the nerve-
racking struggle of the unemployed
workers in frantic search of jobs, Is
not known to them. The aesthetic
delights of art and music, culture
and refinement are theirs. They toil
not, neither do they spin; and the
ownership of the land and the machinery of production is theirs.
Through political power and the
control of the forces of the State is
this ownership made good. And so
must it bo until an enlightened and
politically conscious working class
aay that it sholl not be. They
must control the power, which at
present they so willingly give to
their masters.
Tho Socialist Party of Canada is
out to educate the workers as to thc
position they occupy in society, and
to orgnnize them for ' political
action. With the spread of knowledge, so will there be a decline In
the noisy ranting und the passing
of long-winded resolutions which
now take tip tho time and attention
of the workers. Capitalism is
nearly dead, let us be prepared to
bury it.
Meeting begins at 8 o'clock.
Doors open at 7:30. Questions and
an open platform for discussion.
The finest stock of llternture on
Firemen,   Sailors,   Stewards Have All Coast
Boats Tied Up
There are no new developments
In the strike of marine firemen and
oilers and sailors in the city except
that of the B. C. coast stewards
entering the fight for increased
wagee. Practically all the boats
are tied-up and although the firemen and oilers unit of the O. B, U.
has had their wage agreement signed by the C. P. R., the men will not
return to work until a satisfactory
settlement has been made with the
sailors and the stewards. Some of
the marine engineers are not playing the Hglit game in this strike.
It is understood that an attempt is
to be made to run the Prince
George, and marine engineers off
the Rupert have apparently offered
to act as firemen in order to gjet
the boat away. The jap firemen
are keeping away from the boats
and are making a good stand with
the strikers. Both sides tb the controversy are standing firm, but
everything points to the miceetfcful
winning of the strike by the men,
because boats are not able to get
the required help in sufficient numbers to make prompt sailings, and
longshoremen are not handling
goods for acab boats.
i nino
F.L P. Meeting WiH Hear
Address on Patriotism
of Revolt
Comrade W. J, Curry will be thc
speaker at the Federated Labor
Party meeting in the Royal thea-
tre next Sunday evening. His subject will be "The Patriotism of Revolt"' In all capitalist countries,
the ruling classes have endeavored
to make a distinction between a patriot and a revolutionist, To be a
patriot, the matsers tell us, it is
necessary to run around with a flag
ln hand, fighting our masters' battles, hating the Germans, producing more because "our" country
needs more credit abroad, and
condemn as a fool the man
who suggests that Canada Is
finaiclally able to pay decent pensions to disabled soldiers and starving families. A typical "patriot"
is tho official of the Hudson's Bay
Company, now travelling across
Canada boosting for the Hudson's
Bay Co.'s pageants, who tells the
workers that they are "living in an
era of false prosperity," and
should not spend so recklessly. Yet
he to boosting for pageants that represent absolute waste.
It is the actions of aome of these
"patriots" that demonstrate the
fact lhat the only real patriot ls
the revolutionist. The meeting on
Sundny will commence at 8 p.m.,
Mrs. J. A. Clarko in the chair,
Doors open at 7:30.
Thero will be a meeting tomorrow (Saturday) evening of the
members of the Progress Club, in
room 706 Dominion building. The
meeting is called for 7:30 p.m. Ais
the business Is Important, a full
turnout is looked for.
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Secretary Law Points Out
Constitutional Question Is Raised
The following resolution, which
was forwarded to the minister of
justice by many organizations
throughout the country in connection with the appeal to the privy
council of the Russell case, and the
correspondence which follows are
self explanatory. Similar replies to
the one sent to the secretary of the
Winnipeg defense committee have
been received in Vancouver by the
organizations forwarding the same
"Whereas, by the conviction of
R. B. Russell, at Winnipeg, a general strike In support of trade objects, including the principle of
collective bargaining and the recognition of trnde councils by employers, was held seditious as well
as Illegal and a criminal nuisance,
lawful public meetings addressed by
labor speakers were held seditious,
proceedings connected with the discussion of labor, questions und thc
formation of an industrial organization were held seditious; and
trade journals and Socialistic literature of the same kind that have
free and lawful circulation In Great
Britain were held seditious; and all
of the foregoing acts were held to
be in furtherance of a seditious
conspiracy; and whereas the prose
cutlon of said Russell wos conducted by counsel who had fought la
bor In said strike, and said counsel
used unjust and oppressive methods
in said prosecution, whereby a miscarriage of justice took place;
And whereas an appeal from the
court of appeal i'or Manitoba which
affirmed said conviction to thc supreme court of Canada Is prohibited
by the Criminal Code of Canada.
And whereas an application is
about to be made by organized labor of Cannda on behalf of said
Russell to the judiclnl committee of
the privy council for leave to appeal from said conviction.
And whereas by a provision of
the said Criminal Code an appoal
ln a criminal case to the said judical committee Is prohibited;
And whereas*there is high judical and legal opinion that said provision Is not constitutional;
And whereas the matters connected with the trial and conviction of said Russell are of vital Importance to organized labor of Canada us well as to the Canadian
public and it Is desirable that said
matters should be reviewed by the
judicial committee.
Be it therefore resolved that tho
minister of justice for Cnnada and
the attorney-genwrnl for Manitoba
be respectfully requested to assist
in having said application to the
judicial committee heard on its merits, by waiving und withdrawing
any objection to the jurisdiction of
the judicial committee that could
be raised under said provision of
the Criminal Code.
Winnipeg Defence Committee.
The   following  reply   from   the
minister of justice was received by
Secretary Law:
Sir: I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of your letter
dated 27th ult., transmitting resolution passed by the defence committee, reciting the conviction of R. B.
Russell of Winnipeg for sedition,
which was affirmed on appeal to the
court of appeal for Manitoba; thnt
an application is about to be made
by organized labor of Canada on
behalf of Russell for special leave
lo appeal to the Judicial committee
of the privy council, calling atten
tlon to a provision of thc Criminal
Code, Section 1020, by which It
enacted that no appeal shall be
brought in any crirtiinal case from
any judgment or order of nny court
In Canada to any court of appeal
or authority by which in the United Kingdom appeals or petitions to
His Majesty in Council may be
heard; that there is high judicial
and legal opinion that this enactment Is not constitutional, and requesting that the minister of Justice
should assist in having tho application to the judicial committee
heard upon its merits by waiving
and withdrawing any objection to
the jurisdiction of the committee
which could be raised under thc
aforesaid provision of the Criminal
In reply I have the honor to inform you that the minister regrets
that he cannot possibly accede to
this request, first, because the jurisdiction of His Majesty in Council
to entertain an appeal depends upon the effect and interpretation of
the law by which the authority of
prerogative of the crown Is regulated, and lt Is established beyond
question that jurisdiction cannot he
conferred by consent or by waiver
or withdrawal of any objection;
and secondly, because the parliament of Canada which by the provisions of the British North America Act, 1967, exercises exclusive
legislative power with regard to
the criminal law, except tho constitution of courts of criminal Jurisdiction, but including the procedure of
criminal matters, and for the peace,
ordor and good government of Canada In relation to all matters not
exclusively assigned to the provincial legislatures, has by the provision of the Criminal Code to which
you refer ln express terms prohibited appeals to His Majesty In Coun-
(Contlnued en pago ?>
General Workers 0. B. U.
Support Bakers—Many
New Members
Thirty-eight new members wero
admitted into the General Workers' Unit of the O. B. U. on Wednesday night. This ls the largest
number of new members admitted
into this organization In one night,
since the unit was first organized.
Other members were admitted on
clearance from other points,
A communication was received
from the goneral executive board
appealing for funds for the looked
out miners In Alberta. The suni pf
$25 was voted to the miners, and
while it was pointed out that the
men had returned to work undor
the U. M. W. of A. checkoffvtho
members took the position thai this
should not be a reason for ignoring
the appeal.
The financial statement of the
B. C. defense committee was read;
and, along with the appeal for further funds for the Russell case
which accompanied it, was ordered
hung fn the reading room for the
information of the members.
Tho financial statement of the
secretary showed a decided improvement in the financial position
of the unit, the secretary pointing
out that a steady increase in membership was being made.
The nttitude of the Dominion
Trades Congress towards the Russell appeal, which had been outlined in the press, was referred to
by one of the members, who took
thc position that the headlines
did not fit the story.
Another member said that
this was not correct, and that the
head, which intimated that con
gross would not support the Russell appeal, exactly depicted the
attitude of congress towards the
men now In gaol, and also the article which followed it. Strong feelings were expressed against the supine and treacherous attitude assumed by tlie congress officials,   ''
Tho bakers striko came up for
discussion and a member moved to
the offect that the members of the
O. B. U. support the Lakers by purchasing only bread that was unioSv
made. Tlie attitude ot the bakery
salesmen nnd tlie steam engineers,
who nre continuing to work for thp
master bakers while the bakers are
on strike, was condemned. At the
same time It was pointed out that
this was one of the fallings of the
craft organization, and that unless
the bakers realized that It Wftsj
necessary to organize on industrial;
lines, rather than on a'craft basis,
that even if they won the strike,
they would have gained but little.
The motion to support the bakers
was carried.
If the One BIg Union is dead, as
some of the International officers
say It Is, what on earth do they keep
flogging lt for.
Coal City May Day Celebration Aids Defense
Splendid Assistance Rendered by the Women
While there is not muoh heard
of the doings of Nanaimo workers,
they are still on the job, and the
latest evidence of the activities of
those who toil in the coal city is in
the shape of a check received b.v
thc defense committee during the
past week for the sum of $600,
which was raised by the means of
a concert, supper and dance held
on May Day.
Every item on the programme
was enjoyed by the 250 people present, and white the dancing continued until the wee sma' hours, and
everybody had a good time, the refreshments which were so kindly
provided by the women folk, were
voted as a feature of the evening.
Tho committee in charge wish to
thank the women for their valuable
assistance, and which mado it possible for the substantial amount of
$600 to be raised in aid ot those
who are now In gaol as a result of
their activities in the working class
movement, Nanalmo may not be a
very big city, but tho contribution
to the defense fund by the workers of that place is the largest contribution that has yet.been received
as the result of a May Day celebration.   Well 'done Nanalmo!
Seven    Other   Building
Trades Unions  May
Soon Follow
A fuort time ago the ten unions
composing the Building Trades
Council of Winnipeg took a referendum vote on the question of going O. B. U. AU the unions voted
favorably with the exception ot the
bricklayers nnd plumbers. Tho result, therefore, not being unanimous, the council decided to postpone action until they were all
ready to go ovor together. The
carpenters, however, havo decided
to forco the fcaue and last week
went over tn a body. This being
the largest union of the building
trades and seven of the other unions having voted favorably, thore
is 'every reason to expect that the
others will follow in a very short
Unit at Rcdcllffe, Alta.
A general workers unit has just
been formed in Redellff, Alta., by
Organizer Christophers and Is making good progress. There are three
brick plantk a small steel mill and
a gloss factory in the town.   .
Organizer Knight reports holding a big meeting In Pembroke,
Orjt,. nfter having been refused the
use bf the town hall by the authorities. The meeting wus held in the
O. B. Ua headquarters and was
packed. All the available membership cards were used up in the
enrolling of new members in spite
of the fact that the Trades Congress
'li spending a lot of money and
isendlrig organizers there to keep
the old unions on the map. This
timo last year the International
unions there had a membership of
1100. Today there Is not one Internntionnl union.
' The mill owners of Carlton Flace,
Ont;, are making strenuous efforts
to keep their employees out of the
O. B. U. A social club has been
organized and tea parties are being
held. The constitution provide.)
that the members must not belong
to a union, etc. About 80 joined
without knowing these rules nnd
have since broken away,
Families in Toronto.
: Organizer Knight says:
I "Developments in- Toronto in
connection with the May Day preparations forced my return.' A few
fanatics, who know more about the
political and economic conditions
U\ Russia than Lenin, and less about
the situation In Toronto than a
3ulu, packed the committee and
Insisted on the endorsation of a
manifesto that if printed under Its
■auspices would have given the powers that bc every opportunity to
throw a dozen more In jail. Heaps
i\n- Dunn wfcre to speak in Toronto
for -May Day, but under thc circumstances their meetings had to be
called off. Some of these budding
commissaries are members of the
O. B.U., and In consequence thc
mebcrship has rapidly fallen off."
Supplies Poland With an
Unlimited Supply of
War Material
Women's Auxiliary
The Womenls Auxiliary of'the O.
B. U. will meet tonight (Friday),
ln the Pender Hall, cornor of Pender and Howe streets, at 8 p.m.
All members are requested to attend.
Aid the Defease
The   Cowichan   Lake   Lumber
Workers    havo    contributed    the
sum of $141.96.towards the maintenance fund. -
Hedley Metal Miners Unton of
tho O. B. U., Nickel Plate mine, per
T. H. Andrews, $11 (maintenance);
Hedley Workers Unit, per T. R.
WHIey, $20, (defense.)
Receives Worthless Polish
Bonds for Forlorn
[By Paul Hannu)  .
(Staff Correspondent, of Thc Federated Prcflb)
Washington —Poland's war of
conquest against the Russian Soviet. Republic is being financed
very largely by the American peo
pie. Tin. American people do not
know it; but under the present administration ihey are not expected
to know where thetr monoy gues,
or ior what purpose.
Of all the cynical statesmen of
Western Kurope, there Is not one
who has- dared publicly lo defend
or excuse the present war being
.waged by Poland.
By special agreement between
the Polish authorities and Secretary Palter, the war department
has agreed to accept 5 per cent.
Polish bonds In payment for an unlimited quantity of supplies previously purchased by Baker with the
Income from Liberty Bonds and no
ldnger needed by the department,
Incidentally, before he started to
donate American mnchinery, and
njunillons to the Poles, Secretary
Baker had, by hts own confession
Ui a committee of Congress, "sold"
millions of dollars worth of war
supplied to tho now extinct Kolchak. regime of Siberia. Baker explained that he did not sell to Kolchak, but to M. Ughct, financial
attache of the old Russian embassy
here. "And to whom will you look
for payment?" one Congressman
asked. "Indirectly to the Kolchak
government," answered Mr. Hakor.
The Kolchnk regimo having per-
ifehed without a cent In Ils pocket,
Baker has for months past boen
shipping wnr supplies to Poland, in
exchange for bonds that nre not
worth n dollar a thousand on nny
stock exchange In the world. This
grotesque and tragic situation Is
well understood In Europe. Thc
London Nation of April 10 prints
the following comment on that affair:
"The most anxious fenturo of this
(Continued on page 2)
Organizer Cassidy Gets in
Some Good Work at
I. W. W. Gets Into Bad
Repute By Using Poor
;  w    Tactics
Organiser Cassldy Invaded Chicago on April 23, on behalf of the
0. B. U., and met with splendid
results, Chicago ig a strong A. F.
of L. stamping ground, and also ls
reputed to have an I, W. W. organization, with a membership of
6000. The flrst meeting was held
at the Northwestern roundhouse,
where the O. B. U. ls 98 per cent,
strong, and he received an enthusiastic reception. On Sunday a meeting of O. B. U. representatives
from all the railroad shops was
held, and it was decided to open a
central offlce and install a permanent secretary. On Tuesday, he
attended n meeting of the Independent Machinists.
Disgusted with I. W. W.
In reporting tht*, Organizer Cassidy said that he "attended a meeting as a listener of what was supposed to be the independent rank
and file ot machinists, who had invited Levitt (a grund lodge victim)
from Bridgeport, Conn., to address
them. He impressed me as sincere, and for about 40 minutes he
exposed the Grand Lodge machine.
In reality, the I. W. W. were In
control of the meeting, and had
heen in control of the arrange-
mentis, but kept it dark from Levitt that thoy were merely using
him to get an audience. When he
appeared on the platform at what
ho supposed was his meeting, he
was told he could only have 30
minutes.   After he had finished, an
1. W. W. speaker was introduced,
with an eulogy that caused one to
expect a Mark Anthony, and furnished a typical I. W. W. talk founded ou domination and martrydom.
More than one of the audience got
up to voice their protest at the wny
things were going, but were downed by the usual methods of speaker
artists. In conversation with Levitt
two days afterwards, he expressed
his disgust at the way he had been
fooled and treated or mistreated.
Levitt represents that body of machinists of Bridgeport, Conn., and
Brooklyn, N. Y., etc., who have
been cither expelled or have withdrawn from the old church. They
have formed what they are pleased
to call tlie 'Amalgamated Metal
Workers.' So far they are merely
anti A. F. of L. No constitution
of that nature hns been drawn up.
They hope to build up a membership, and then call a convention to
decide upon their programme and
affiliations, They are a body that
can be well left nlone at present,
to work out their own destiny,
which will probably be the O. B.
Sheet Mclnl Workers Secede
On Monday, Organizer Cassidy
attended a lodge meeting of thc II
linois Central Sheet Metal Workers. This meeting was the climax
to a long list of grievances with
thc International. A district ofll
cer and a grand lodge officer addressed the meeting to try and
square matters up. Organizer Cassidy got the floor at 11:30. After bo
got through, a motion wais put and
carried to secede. Since then, the
O. B. U. executive has been busy
signing up members.
On Tuesday he attempted to ad
dress a meeting of Carmen of the
Chicago, Eastern and Illinois Railway, but was refused and threatened with arrest for disturbance of
thc peace. Before leaving the hall
he informed those present that he
would hold a nieeting the next
evening. This wns done, und 71
mombers wore signed up.
!. W. W. Again Disrupt
The snme evening an open meeting was held, comprising the workers in tlie Burnslde shops. Here
again lhe 1. W. \V. tried to disrupt
the meeting, but all tn no avail.
The meeting was a big sUccoSs, and
there is * a strong unit at these
In fnct, I. W. W. literature nnd
bill,; made their appearance nt all
these meetings in an apparent effort lo convey the Impression that
tho O. B. U. and the I. W. W. were
one nnd thc same. The I. W. W.,
however, eould not make it stick,
and came out budly discredited in
every instance.
On Friday night, another O. B,
U. meeting was held, and 64 new
members signed up. On Saturday
Organ leer Cassidy left for other
#      —-———
Port Alice Men Continue Negotiations—Members ia
Prince George District Are Taking Ballot—Mill-
workers Are Taking a Referendum of Workers at Fraser Milk and Port Moody
Every man at the pulp and paper
plant at Swanson'fcs Bay Is on strike
for the 8-hour day and $5 minimum
They camo out on Sunday at midnight. White men and Orientals
are acting together, demanding
equal conditions. Up to the present Port Alice men are continuing
to carry on negotiations, but further action may be expected at any
timo. Whatever agreement is finally srrlved at will only be binding
upon the company so long as the
men maintain a solid organization,
this ls proven by the fact that although on behalf of the company,
Sir George Bury and Mr. Helene
had agreed with the men's representative for a settlement on the
basis of an 8-hour day, they later
repudiated thetr agreement, hence
the strike.
Prince George
Prince George District members
are now voting on the question of
taking united action to enforce a
minimum wage of $4 a day clear of
all board or any other charge; semimonthly pay, a strict 8-hour day
and enforcement of the Health Act.
At International Falls, Ont., the
sawmill employes are on strike, also
Shevlln & Clarkesmlllat Benrldge.
The members of the International
TimberworUers employed In the
mills at Fort Frances refuse to
strike in co-operation with the O. B.
U. as they say the result would bc
thnt the latter would get the credit,
and also their members. Consequently they have decided they
would rather fight the O. B. U. than
the boss, wtth whom they appur
Slocan Strike.
Word wos received by tho Federatlonist last night to the effect
tlmt the strikes nl Sandon nnd Silverton 111 the Metalliferous mlno
are not settled, and (Juit the only
thing thai tins irnnsplml, i« (hat
the employers lmic sinned up with
the International union, which represents only n very few men, nnd
thc striko Is slill on, workers are
urged (o keep away from this district.
Nelson Donation*
The following aro tho Nelson
donations to the Winnipeg defense
R, Barrow, $2; Bert Rescol, |2;
John Erickson, ft.
Donations lo the locked-out miners:
P. W. Dunning, $2: Lee Ford,
II; L. Natawska, 65u; II. W. Johnston, $G; F.' Rogers, 00c; Wm.
Jacobs, ft; Gunner Nelson, $1.
Vancouver Electrical
Workers Have Case Satisfactorily Settled
The Internatiot.al office of thc
International Brotherhood of Electrical workers wired Vancouver
local 213 I. B. E. W. this week and
informed Buslnesfe Agent Morrison
that it had decided to abide by the
decision of Judge McDonald, and
not appeal thq case. This places
local 213 in good standing and is a
record case insofar us this local is
probably thc first of any International Union to defeat the actions
of Its head office by means of a
law court decision. It ha» also
helped to discredit the International organizer, who revoked the
charter, and although the union is
taking the matter up'with the head
office, it intends to see to it that
thc officinls are more careful ln ita
dealing with the union and to see
that the proper amalgamation of
men employed In the electrical
trade is carried out.
The B. C. Electric Railway recently granted all Its wlremen a
40c per day increase, retroactive
from April 1. This gives the men
a V per day scale.
Local 213 of Vancouver and local 230 of Victoria nre opening up
negotiations for a new agreement
for these cities and the interior,
Don't forget OCR adrwrtlnrs.
Conspiracy of Silence But
Business Is Badly
Chicago — The newspapers have
bocomo normal again in referring
to '.he railroad lockout,
Realizing lhat scare headlines
havu failed to intimidate thu strikers or drive them back to work,
the papers have gone to the other
extreme and now give the situation
liitie or no publicity. Practically
the only break occurs when somo
induitrlal magnate or other gives
vent to a pletOUs wall at tho shortage of materials that cuts down his
profits nnd evidences that the railroad managers are unable to fill ths*
plans of lhe men who resigned
from the service. In the meantime many of the men have secured
better jobs elsewhere while tlie
rest are marking time.
While the General Managers Association gives out rdseate statements, mon who arc in a position
to know, look to a dismal future
unless thc demands of the men are
granted, Many factories may be
forced to shut down for lack of
raw materials, according to a recent statemont of the Illinois Manufacturers Association.
Chicago banks have shut off all
real estate and building loams, according to the Dally News, because
f lightness of money, due to "undigested war loans, credit Inflation
and thu railroad situation.': Particular stress Is laid on the latter by
tlif News, which adds;
"The Hwltclimen'B strike hns
driven many business houses to tho
rugged edge, Muoh of tbelr capital is tied up In shipments. Batik
loans alone have saved them.
Every day lhe strain la greater on
Jobbers, and many retail houses."
ently consider they have interest*
in common. One day when their,
education is farther advanced than
It Is at present, they will realize that
the workers and employers' interests are basically antagonistic, and
con never be reconciled whilst the
wage system exists.
Support Defence
Camps 3, 4, 5 and 9 Yahk are
holding a sociul together on Muy
15. In future combined meetings
will be held on the first'Saturday
after the tenth of ' every month.
Camp 4 decided to ask the Cranbrook office to submit a district
referendum on the question of a
50c assessment per month for the
purpose of maintaining the families '
of the Winnipeg strike prisoners.
In the meantime the men have decided to assess themselves without;
waiting for district action. The,
camps in this district are getting
down to live educational meetings.
The Millworkers at Fraser Mills
and Port Moody held special meet-.
Ings last 'week with reference to
taking action to enforce tlie 8-hour
day and minimum wage, lt was decided to defer action until a referendum strike vole gptikl be taken
amongst the members in. all the
mills so that the action, w lien taken
will he representative o( the workers wishes. A 44-hour week Is one
of the questions now being voted.,
upon. The special meetings were
well attended, a good number of
new members jplnlng'uji,
The Russel Timber Co., of Port
Arthur, Is on the unfair list owing
to thc inconveniences to which the
men arc deliberately placed in securing their wages and nlso to the
general opposition of the company
to O. B. U. members.
Hamilton, Ont.—Nearly 1400 men
and women, members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, employed by Hamilton's
manufacturing clothiers, have had
their wages increased $7 per week
for male help and %') per week for
female help. Employees wilh less
than three months' service will receive $3 per week more. The advances take effect June 1. The
manufacturers also conceded collective bargaining and preferential
union shopfa,
mkbb ARE
Local   Housewives   Will
Not Purchase Scab-
Made Bread
The members of the striking
bakers union are going Lo win, say*
Business Agent Hogg, All the shops
that have agreed to the wage scale
arc working at rapacity, and although some of the unfair plants
are producing a lot bread and il is
being peddled from house to house
by members of tho Bakery Drivers'
Union, tho Vancouver housewtvtt*
are not purchasing a great dea) ..t
it.* lt is alleged that some of ii fa
being Kold by these drivers under
the pretence that it is union mado
bread, because lhe drivers flash
their union card.
The big fight is being put up by
Shelly Bros., and this firm, although it ean nol got takers to aut
an scabs, is producing bread with
the aid of master baiters, two painters, a blacksmith. ,i concrete mix-
an engineer und some of the
office staff. Stevenson* has closed
down and is working In Shelly's
Returned soldier organizations
have bem asked to supply these unfair firms with bakers and help,
but nobody has responded. Tho
employment bureaus nre adv.ertls-
ing for men, also thc fuct that Ihore
Is a strike, but apparently nobody
Is responding.
Unhealtllful Hrejid.
it would appear that ex-Alderman .Shelly still ban a pull In the
olty council, because the master
bakers are ignoring the pure food
bylaw of the city, and although at- ,
tentlon bus been drawn lo thla, the
City authorities are not taking any
action. This city of Vancouver bylaw No. 126-1, section 78-A; pro-
viilcs that the name of the bakery
firm shall be on all broad so that
iinhealihful brtfod can be traced to
lhe maker and it also provides that
the weight shall be placed on tho
bread. Hence, people are not only
getting short weight, but aro in all
probability getting bread that Is
harmful lo their health. This is
especially important to families
with children.
It Is a well known and admitted
fact that these unfair bakeries ar*
after an open shop, yet al the namo
time wo find bakery salesmen In
possession of letters sinned by thcir
president and seoretary authorizing
them to remain nt work. If it were
possible for these firms to force an
open shop on the bakers union, It
wonld naturally only be a matter of
lime before the salesmen would bo
iu a like position.
The scale tusked for-by the bakers
is not high—HS9..00)—when w*
take Into consideration that th* Labor CiancUo for April InfoVirat vn
that il takes $35,98 to keop an nw.
uge family on hare necessities- for
n week. PAGE TWO
twelfth tear. no. jo   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancodvee, b. a
-Atay 11, t«l»
$50 Guaranteed Indigo
Dye West of England
Navy Blue Serge Suits
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
Finest Fork Shoulden weighing fron
4 to 7 lbs.  Keg. 38c lb. Friday and
.Saturday, special, per lb 30'/iC
They »ri Just the thing for routing.
Fineit Steer Boiling Beof, lb...22c
Finest Steer Pot Koasti, from,
lb : 200
Finest Sxor Oven Kouta, from,
per   lb.   -. 82c
Finest Steer Stew Beef, trom,
per lb. ..-.  - «»»
Finest Boiled Prime Ribs, from
per lb 28c
Finest Oxford SftuiRge, lb. SSI
Finest Loin Fork Chops,
per lb SOc and 85c
Finest Limb. Loin Chops, lb ,...ibt_
Finest T Bone, Stwki. lb,, ,. T-.45e
Finest Canterbury Lamb Stew,
' per lb 2»c
Finest Canterbury Lamb Shoulders,
per lb - SOC
Finest Canterbury Lamb Loins,
lb. _ 32VsC
Fineat Canterbury Lamb Legs,
per lb - ~ <2c
Vl&Mt Potted Tongue for Sandwiches,
8  for  -26C
Finest Brunswick Sardines, 3 tor. 25c
Quaker Pork and Beans, S for —35c
FUe»t Table Jellies, 2 for 26c
Fineit Sockeye Salmon, 2 lor _......45o
Nabob Custard Powder, 2 for ......25c
Holbrook's Custard Powder. 2 for SOc
Bird's Custard Powder, 2 for  350
Van Camps Pork and Beans, 3 for 26c
Slater'a Best Tea, per lb. .—......SOc
Sister'* Sliced Sugar Cured Bacon,
per lb r* "» 6H
Slater's Sliced Sugar Cured Bacon,
per lb -..- -....MB
Slater'a Sliced Sugar Cured Ayrshire
Bacon, per lb. .— » 460
Slater'a Sliced Bonelesa Roll, lb. ..45c
Slater'a  Sliced  Soiled  Ayrshire  Bacon, per lb 660
Slater'a Sugar Cured Picnic Hams,
weighing trim 4 to 8 lbs.   Reg*
ular 800 per   lb.    Friday   and
Saturday, apeclal, lb t»Y«c
Oar Delivery leavee for SbughMisy Heights ud West Avennoi at 1 o'clock
Our Delivery leaves for Weat End ai 9, 11 and X o'clock every day.
Oar Delivery leavei fer Hastingi E., Haitingi Townsite, Vaneoaver Height! at
1 o'clock.
Onr Delivery leaves for Grandview and South Vancouvor at 9 s.m, every day.
tbeat Bey. 3262 Phon. Sey. 886
3260 MAIM STBEET, PhM. hit. 1681
When the Workman reformed his
factory—then the
plant got its
dental clinic
It ls typical of progress and new understanding that the workman insisted on having dental
care at his factory.
He should then insist upon the dental care of
his home. Make me your family dentist. Com*
to dm tor the best dental work and a reasonable cost.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown ana Bridge .Spoclnllsf
Corner Seymonr
PHONE SEV. 3331 .
OlMcc open Tuesday and Friday Evening!*.
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings SJ. W.
Vancouver, B. C.
The phonograph has done for musical
culture what printing did for education
THE ART of printing brought the first ray of light
Into thc blac'kness'of ignorance that enveloped
the masses. Today the man who tolls to live,
|p'.so Uvea to learn, und learns to live a happier lifo.
Music, highest and happiest of cultural litfluences.-ls
supplanting ruder und more unprofitable of pastimes.
Tho phonograph openi the music lore of tbe world
and lightens the labor of the world.
sokoka skkvick
Tou may purchase any
Sempra model on eaay
terms of payment.
Greatest and most versatile of
phonographs, gives you the
finest worka of the best composers, rendered by tho most
eminent artists. For these
kave been recorded by the*
various companies and SO*N-
OKA plays thom all,
Sononw from $105 to $150*
If It's Muslim!—Wc Have It
Financial   Statement   of
Central Body Shows
Full Details of the Dolly
Varden Mine
It is to be hoped that the readers of The Federationist huve not
come to the conclusion that another
O. B. U. corpse is polluting the atmosphere of Prince Rupert, simply because there have been no reports for the last few weeks printed in this paper. Nothing of the
kind, in fact, tlie organization hus
been so lively and busy of late in
connection with internal (I nearly
said "infernal") matters, that there
waa not sufficient time to attend to
the despatch of the usual reports
of the proceedings. Moreover, the
last assistant secretary has been
elected to the position of secretary-
treasurer, and being the only one
in the council with a knowledge of
shorthand, there has been a disinclination on the part of the rest of
the membership to assume the responsibility of the vacant position,
and undertake the duty of providing
.The Federationist with the reports
on the same complete scale aB hitherto. Naturally, a man assuming
any position doea not like to fall
below a standard set by his predecessor. However, periodical reports,
not regular as before, will appear,
sufficient to convince friends and
enemies alike that the O. B. U. In
Princ$ Rupert Is very much on the
O. B. U. map,
On Finance*
The laat report was of the proceedings of the regular meeting of
April 13, the date of the late secretary-treasurer's resignation. The
report submitted by the retiring officer for the month of March showed receipts from dues of 1420.50,
Initiation fees, $129.50, total receipts being $919.60; balance
brought forward, $684,755, making
a grand total of $1504.35. Expenses totalled $1040.35, leaving a
net balance of $4*58.00.
The report for the quarter end
tng March 81 showed a total of
$1048,50 received for dues, and
$211.50 for Initiations, other receipts bringing the total to $2240;
balance forward, Dec. 31, 1919,
$535.22, making a total of $2775.22.
Expenses totalled $2317.22, leaving
the balance as above of $458..00.
The large total of 'expenses for the
quarter is accounted for by grants
to the Premier strike, printing, convention expenses and other Items
which are not likely to recur for a
considerable time.
From April 1 to 10, Inclusive,
(the latter date being that of the
resignation of the secretary-treasurer), receipts from dues totalled
$61, initiation fees, $2.50, other
items bringing the total up to $30,
with balance brought forward,
bringing the total in hand to
$548.40. Expense totalled $476.76,
leaving a balance for April 10 of
From April 11 to 30 Inclusive,
dues totalled $400, Initiation fees,
$179, other items and balance forward bringing tho total to $805.67.
Expenses were $503.35, leaving a
balance in hand at the end of the
month of $302.32. This balance In
hand would be double but for the
fact that the council has secured
the Mclntyre hall for headquarters,
tt being the finest building suitable
for the purpose in the city, and had
to pay $300 in advance, rent. It ls
the largest hall in the .city, and is
available for public meetings,
dances, etc., with an offlce now being utilized as the district office of
the It. W. I. U. and of the secretary-treasurer of the C. L. O., the
other portion aside from the large
hull being also revenue producing.
The total membership is close to
the 850 mark.
From all the above, It can be
gathered that, as far ns the readers
of The Federationist are concerned,
no news from Prince Rupert has
meant good news.
The l>oliy Varden Strike
The event of outstanding importance of late haa been the etrlke
at the Doily Varden mine, Alice
Arm, -wnich at the time of writing
is still unsettled. Tho men have
established a commissary, and are
preparing for u long siege. A committee from the C. L, C. in Prince
Rupert had an interview with
Major North, manager, and endeavored to have an arrangement
come to that would be satisfactory
to tho men. The demands were
for $C a day (minimum), $6.50 for
miners, blacksmiths nnd steel
.sharpeners, $7; cook, $7 and board,
second cook, $5 and board; maximum charge for board to be $1.25
per day. Cook house and dining-
room to be separate from sleeping
quarters, as provided in the Health
Act. Double bunks to be abolished
ttnd crockeryware to be provided
for the kitchen, etc. Single bunks,
blankets and sheets to be provided
by the company, nnd bunk houses
to be scrubbed out once a week.
The right of the union to hold
mVetingB on company property, and
all future disputes to be.settled by
a grievance committee and the
management. The demands to apply to the whole district of Alice
Arm, with no discrimination shown
the Taylor Engineering Co.
Fought for Com CsMoM
The committee from the C. L. C,
accompanied by Bro. Welsh from
Alice Arm, fought hard in the interview for concessions on the part
of the management that would
justify them In recommending that
the men accept them. Major North
insisted that the wage scale prevailing at Anyox must govern, and
stated that If the Anyox scalo wns
raised, his company would follow
suit. The steel sharpeners would
have their wagea advanced to that
scale, $6.25. The cook had been
promised an advance to $175 per
month, and that would be carried
out, and a neoend cook provided
when the number of employees increased.   Tho outside lubor engag-
America. Helping to       JDepartment of Justice
Slaughter Russians ,|J Will Obstruct
(Continued from page 1)
Rifeso-Polish business is that Pol-,
and has suddenly found a backer
In the United States. Congress lias.
authorized the Polish government
to 'purchase' American army; tyie
stores, apparently to an unlimited
amount, on six years' credit, and
already free transport has been
provided to carry locomotive,
trucks, uniforms and food to Danzig.
"Thus America, which will do
nothing to help the peaceful parj.
of Europe in its economic trials,
decides to back Poland in a Russian war such as we backed Denikin.* Polish propaganda has evidently made the most of the ingenuous material of American public opinion. And yet the Polish
'peace' terms are by far the most
predatory in the recent records of
Europe. They claim the old frontier of tho Imperial Poland of
1772, though even now much of
this country is still under Moscow." '
Before a Congressional committee
acting last winter upon President
Wilson's request for a $50,000,000
lonn to Poland and Czechoslovakia, Major General Bliss, member
of the peace commission, declared
that Poland was engaged in an inexcusable military adventure
against Russia, wliich America
should not assist.
It Is now shown that at the very
time the preaident was rebuking
France for having become a militarist nation since the armistice,
his secretary for war was loading
fieols of cargo vessels with munitions, clothing and food to make
possible the French-inspired PollBh
.war to conquer Russian soli and
populations. Congress is not expected to raise a protest until the
Polish bubble butfets as the Kolchak one did, and everybody sees
that the whole business 1* both a
disgrace and a total loss to the
cd on snow shovelling, Rad their
wages increased just before the
strike, from $4.75 to $5, and no
more could be given. Other demands, as to separation of cookhouse aud dining-room, crockery,
meetings on company property and
recognition of grievance committee, and no discrimination against
any person taking part in the Btrike
were conceded. Great reluctance
was shown in discussing the matter
of blankets and sheets, and no definite assurance could be gained on
this point, the most that could'bc
secured being a promise that the
matter could be taken up with the
grievance committoe and the management later. This item occupied
most of the time spent in the negotiations, the committee realizing
that the granting of this demand'
would go a long way to bringing"
the strike to a conclusion, a result
that, from various reason's, they
considered of importance to -the'
movement locally. ' n )8
In reporting to the men on strike,*
the committee stated that, in vie*'
of the forthcoming convention;'Of
the miners for tho northern district thfe summer, at which a wage
scale for the district would have to
be struck, governing the district,*
it recommended that if the tertote
offered by Major North were at all
acceptable, they strain a point-to
effect a settlement, tn the committee's opinion, "the conditions
confronting us at the present time
do not warrant any section of the
workers in this district insisting on
a wage-scale without the co-operation of the wholo district." It
also pointed out that the strike was
called without conforming to the
regulations of the O. B. U., as contained In clauses 34 to 39 inclusive,
and placed the onus of .responsibility on the men involved. Nevertheless, they believed the C. L, C.
would give all the moral support
possible, but it was not in a position to finance a long drawn-out
The report was taken to Alice
Arm on the same night, and after
apparently careful ^consideration,
the answer was wired that the men
had decided to remain on strike,
and at the time of writing (May
7), the mine i3 still closed down.
The prospects for a largely increased membership for the O. B.
U. are good this summer—if the
bottom does not drop out of the
exchange situation, which may be
full of surprises yet. The mining
districts of Stewart and Alice Arm
are expected to witness a period of
development they have not seen
since the boom days, the high price
of silver being the incentive. One
thousand men are expected to be at
work nt Stewart, and probably half
that number at Alice Arm, and
with the mines at Anyox also operating, the total employed In the
mining and subsidiary industries in
this district will probably reach
the-4000 mark, putting it conservatively.
The Fisheries and Water Products Industrial Unit, embracing
fishpackers, salmon fishermen
(trollers and net fishermen), with
an increasing proportion of halibut
men, has a membership of over
250 at the present, -tfnd with the
fl.sliing season on the verge of starting and the constitution ready, for
distribution, a vigorous recruiting
campaign will produce.results that
will not be pleasant to the representatives of the "safe and s»ne"
element . of the old organization,
which at present has a precarious
hold on the men engaged in the
halibut fishing,
Altogether, given a period of
peaco necessary, to proper organization, the prospects for a banner
year for the O. B. U. In the north
are pretty good.
_   (Continued from page 1)
cil in criminal cases. If the authority of parliament to enact this
pfovision be, as is suggested, questionable, it is obviously the duty of
minister of justice to see that
question is not resolved in the negative by the supreme tribunal without the submission of all just considerations, which may be urged in
the affirmative; and since in the
opinion of the minister the self-
governing powers of tlie Dominion
extend to tUe regulations of appeals
in criminal cases, as well as to all
other mutters of general interest affecting the Dominion and not committed exclusively to the province
the minister conceives that he
would fail in his duty to the country, and in the due administration
of the office which he holds, if upon this occasion the intention of
parliament should be defeated
through lack of advocacy; and
especially so seeing that the minister does not doubt the enactment
ln question is one of right ought
to be within the authority of parliament*
1 have the honor to be, sir.
Your obedient servant,
(Sgd) J. D. CLARKE,
Tor Deputy Minister of Justice.
James l*aw, Esq.,
Defence Committee,
Labor Organisation,
Winnipeg, Manitoba.
The following is Secretary Law's
reply to the minister:
Minister of Justice,
Ottawa, Ontario.
Dear Sir,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of
your favor herein of tlie 5th Instant.
It is our view that as the constitutionality of Section 1025 is very
considerably in doubt, the crown
could in tke proposed application,
say to the judicial committee that
it does not desire to press for a
decision upon Its constitutionality in
view of the importance of the issues
In the case, and the desire of labor
that the application should be
heard on its merits. If there were
no question as to the validity of
the section we would agree that no
waiver could be made by the crown.
12 C. C. C, the constitutionality of
the section was raised, but not decided. In the argument His. Lordship Sir Arthur Wilson, replying to
■Mr. Newcombe, who stood upon the
question, said: "Surely that means
no appeal so far as the matter lies
within the jurisdiction of the Canadian legislature. No one in Canada
can grant any leave to appeal in
.such a case. They cannot legislate
!as to what the King in Council can
do." Their lordships did not And
It necessary to pronounce upon the
question. In the notes to the case,
the writer says: "It is a debatable
question whether the Canadian parliament has authority to curtail the
prerogative of granting special
leave to appeal to the' King in
Council, wliich ls exercised by the
judicial committee; that the section may be not wholly ultra vires,
for its true effect and intent may
be merely to dispense with appeals
as of right and not as of grace,
and those criminal cases to which
it applies."
He also refers to WEBB v. OUT-
RIM (1907), A. C, 81, on appeal
from the supreme court of Victoria,
Australia, in which it was held that
the Imperial Statute which created
the Australian Commonwealth did
not affect the right of appeal to
the privy council, nor empower the
federal parliament of Australia ot
pass a statute taking away the right
of appeal,
It is also our submission that as
the jurisdiction of the judicial committee is given part by an imperial
act of 1844, the Canadian parliament has no power to extinguish
the jurisdiction.
It Is therefore our respectful
suggestion that tho section should
not be raised.
Yours very truly,
Donations to Miners
The following sums wore collected at the Hedley metalliferous
mines by Comrade Hagwell, who
was representing the locked out
miners of Alberta: J". A. Ball, $3;
D. McBeth, $2; C. Hunt, $2; R.
Roberts, $2; C. Saunders, $2; G. J.
Lawton, $1; W. H. Phillips, $2.50;
P. A. Phillips, $2.50; W. GerulTb,
$5; W. Ruckle, $2; J. Wylder, $1;
R. Corrigan, $1; C. Stewart, $1; N.
Pavlsh, $5; L. Oldenburg, $2; T.
Zyvec, $2.60; S. Soppo, $2.50; H.
Nell, |1| R. Currle, Hi J. Burr,
$1.50; N. Bardic, $2.50; M. Cvinoch,
$2.50; B. Lucas, $5; A. Couperus,
$2; D. Meslch, $1; A. McVarish, $2;
H. MoDougal, $1; J. Vracer, $1;
P. Stott, $2; E. Scaulon, $2; C.
Tutus, $1; H. Klem, $1; M.
Smajnch, $1; J. Evans, $2; M. Ive-
cich,-$2; J. Marlonovlch, $2; P.
Eoul, |lf C. Steen, $2; R. Porrltt,
11; J. Goodwin, $1; T. Andrews, $2.
Total, $79.50.
Victoria Pmimganda Meetings
The Victoria local of the Socialist Party of Canada has arranged
for a series of lectures by Comrade
Camfleld on "The History of
Slavery." The lectures will be delivered in Room 3, 1424 Government Stroet, every Sunday evening.
New branches of the O. B. U. are
being organized at Madison, Jamea-
ville and Milwaukee, all in the
State of Wisconsin.
Defense Committee Meeting
B. C. Defense Committee
Tonight, Friday, at 8 p.m.
All Members Are Requested to Attend
Dozens of Banners Tell of
Labor's Efforts of
One Thousand Boys and
Girls Take Part in the
Winnipeg Labor celebrated May
1 by a monster parade, and tho
government cannot fail to tuke note
of some very significant aspects of
thc jmrade. Following the band,
came tho banner inscribed "The
Canadian Labor Roll of Honor,"
with the names of the convicted
Women aud children Take Pnrt
Then came some 1000 women
aud children carrying the banner
"Labor Boys of Today, Are the
Men of Tomorrow." Thfe was tho
first, real expression of the child,
the ttoy, talking his plucq in thn organized labor movement, and the
idealistic spirit uccompunied by the
rippling laughter and song cloarly
showed that the spirit of capitalist
patriotism has reached its peak and
become replaced by the feeling
that the fathers of some of the
children were unjustly kept in jail.
The Labor Church marched behind
the banner "The Voice of the People Is the Voice of God." This, ais
one member of the church remarked, Is to remind tho politicians that
hitherto they had delivered the
country over to the devil and his
family of profiteers. The morals
of the rulers and courts was portrayed on the banner inscribed
'Judge Macdonald says that a spotter is the lowest thing on earth;
our men wore convicted by 'the
guidance of this clasps of men." Another inscribed, "Thirty days for
perjury and two years for telling
the truth," had reference to the
two men convicted for perjury in
seeking to bribe one of the Labor
men at the last civic election while
Bob Russell got two years for telling the truth about working class
Midnight Raids Denounced
A very touching feature wus the
float, a lorry with a child's cot set
in a kind of bedroom, with a large
inscription on either side worded:
"They came, like thieves In the
night." It spoke volumes to the
thousands who lined the route of
the procession, and many were the
bitter feelings and remarks passed
at the reminder of midnight raids,
and an added touch of pathos was
felt, when the cot was seen to be
vacant, when but a few days bofore
the same 1000 boys and glrfe followed to tho grave the son of the
Rev, W. Ivens, who had been permitted by the goal authorities to
visit his son and help to bury his
child. Those midnigght raids are
the blackekst spot In Canadian history, said a woman attending the
fljjldren, nnd the Labor movement
endorses the sentiment. Then followed banners inscribed, "Prison
bars cannot confine Ideas," tho
banner "WE resent forty minutes
legislation," had reference to tho
infamous amendments to the Immigration Act, the act which steals
the birthright of the Britisher.
Your Turn Next
There-was one very original idea
tn the banner inscribed, "It may be
your turn next." On a lorry wus a
cage done up so as to represent the
prisoners behind the bans. It
brought home to.the workers the
fact that there were men willing to
wear the stripes as well as bear
them for the high ideals of the Labor movement. "
Mr. Justice Metcalfe came In for
his "bit" on the banner inscribed,
"Judge Metcalfe; You must take
into consideration that the grass
was dry." 'Thla was ufced by crown
counsel In an argument in the trial,
seeking to make the strike leaders
responsible for the rioting of the
workers who had all voted for the
general strike. Speaking of the
dry grass on tho prairie, he said,
"Should a man not be held responsible for the careless throwing of a
lighted match on the dried grass,
when such an act leads to prairie
fires and great loss of life and property?" The answer on the banner
asks, "Who made the grass dry?"
proclaiming a wilful act on the part
of the profiteers, and the shame of
rioting, though Judge Metcalfe's
"ifou must take into consideration
that the grnss was dry," carried the
reference lhat the workers and not
the employers wero responsible.
"'Our brothers Bhould be in the legislature, and not ln goal," read another one. "Their sentence is our i
sentence," read another. "Nothing
Is settled until it is sottled fight,"
led the Street Railway Men's
Union, alao "Fall in and do your
bit for the boys." Another read,
"We demand the release of our brothers." Thero wus also that banner present, without which a Labor
parade would not be complete, and
one that Is never absent, "Workers
of the World, Unite."
The dally press give the number
parading as between four and six
thousand. Labor men estimated it
at 10,000. Business did not appear
to have in any way suffered. All
men laying off work did not parade, but the thoroughfares were
lined by 20,000 spectators,-all of
whom were keen irynipathizers
with the object of the parade. The
lie was given to the base Insinuation that trouble was likely to le-
sult, and that thero was need of
military to keep order. A d'juad of
police brought up the rear of tho
procession, and it is safe to say
that at heart thoy were union meu
and wore also in accord with the
protest parade. The protest parade
inaugurated May 1, as the flrst real
Labor Day, and it will doubtless
become the recognized holiday
along with the International spirit
of the May Day celebration
throughout Europe and the British
Isles. Thero were many of other
cities that .varied their protests
against Cmrlat methods of the Canadian capitalists in having representatives of Labor thrown ln Jail,
and common senso demands that
this timely word of warning be
taken note, ot—Winnipeg Labor
Summer Modes that are
notable for values
distinctly unusual-
even for Famous
Famous summer fashions ara expressed in new costumes
unprecedented in their number and-variety of style. New
colors of rare charm prevail; designs are fresher, lovelier,
than they have ever been.
So extensive Is this display—so economle Is our Makor-to-
Wearer method—that such pleasing values combine the
utmost of worth with the least you.will ever pay,
Near Granville
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: We,
wko fought in France for justice
and liberty, return to flnd these
principles denied in Canada.
To anyone who seeks the truth
it will be proved that the convicted
labor men in Winnipeg stand for
the highest, principles of truth and
justice. Those men were convicted
for being spokesmen of the working
class, for criticizing the government, and for educating the working class.
Fellow workers, we cannot allow
our champions to be thrown into
4p.ll. Remember, if the authorities
get away with this, it will have
fur-reaching effects. We all lose
our liberty. As spokesmen, these
mon represent the working class.
Our rights of free speech must bo
upheld. Our tenders must be respected, These men criticized the
government. If the government
cannot stand criticism it's rotten,
and time it was cleaned out,
Theso men rendered the highest
service, that of educating their
fellow men, and I make an appeal to ail returned men, and to the
working cluss, that we demand the
release of our champions, and suggest public demonstrations throughout Canada. All possible pressure
must be exerted for the freedom of
our champions.
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satisfactory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street.
Phones Seymour 1441 and 465
Contributions to Defense Fund
Nanalmo Coal Miners' Unit of
the O. B. U„ proceeds ot concert
and dance, $000.
Donation by Finns at Ladysmlth,   J24.2G.
Victoria and District Tradea and
Labor Council, collection May Day
protest meeting (maintenance
fund), 26.50.
Slavery never existed until a man
could produce more than( was ne-
cgssury for his sustenance.'lt would
not have been profitable,
PRICES arc less.  Wo
have no peer.
So come—come here—
without delay. Prices
may rise now any day;
andjlet this fact be understood: WE TRUST
Furniture Co.
416 MAIN ST.
I      Opposite City Hall     ^
Phon. Seymour 7188
Third  Floor,  World BnUdlot,  Taa.
 coew, B. O.
Greateit Stock ol
In Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
il Haitian IMt WM
and NoB-ilcobollc wlaea et IB
Labor Power Regenerated
—at the—
Meals of the Bent—Price*
57 Oordova St. W.
Near the Loggers' Hall
b Economical. Th* Coupon* whlct
ll Carrie.--redeemable for xuet4
articles — arc a further economy.   ,
THESB line Spring Iayi make you want to ftt out doors aat
enjoy yourselves.
Whether you are a dlidj.it ot laaac Walton or a baseball enthusiast, we are here to take care of your every need. We havo
the larseet stook ot high-grade llshlng tackle and sporting gooda
in Britiak Columbia, all moderately priced.
(118 HASTINOS STBEKT WEST Phone Seymour 111
After a day's labor
than a
Bottle of
Ask for it
It's Union-Mads
For Sale at all stand*
Westminster Brewery Oa. ||XKIS PAOE IS PAID FOB BT THE
OP TBE 0. B. V.
$2.00 PER YEAR ;   ■
Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
50,000 IN 1920
CargUl Co. or Canada, Ltd.
On May 9th, the. cump delegate
Waa flred; no other reasons wero
given but for his union activities in
camp. The notice ported in the
ball, statin? the camp conditions as
•xlsted while new buildings wore
being erected, proved to have some
effect, the loggers not being readily got from town. Hardly one-
halt ot setting had been felled and
bucked, when they commenced to
yard, which kept tlie rigging right
at the tails of tbe fallers and buck-
•rs. This company are to start up
a few more ramps In the ful ure,
probably they'll see to it that they
have a camp built first before they
■tart to log. Thla should be understood by all who read it. It
Isn't a matter of trying to put thla
company on the unfair list. No
trouble has arisen as yet from the
rest of the members In camp.
a position to speak for itself, it 11]
up tn you iu back them up to-the
limit. Line up'! Ppy your dues!
(Jet out of the rut I Live like human beings! Sleop on spring b?ds!
Work shorter hours, and get a living wage! Don't kick If yur c.imps
are filthy; don't kick If you cannot
get a iiuth; don't kick If your hours
are long! It's your own fault; line
up to a man. In union there Is
strength. Vou hnve bver 1!5.0UO
monibej's. to back you up. it 13
only those men with grit, who stick
tu union principles and wbo by
creating a body of workers can
overcome the oppression ..of the
masters. One man cannot do this.
The help of every man is needed.
Fellow workers, it's up to you;
think It over. It speaks for Itself.
E. C.
lie tlie executive board meeting
held in the Kamloops District on
May 1st, 1920.
There was no business of any Importance, only a few discussions regarding contract work and piece
uud  also   the   furnishing  of
' Lake Lnmber Company
The strike which started at this
camp on April 26th, for a raise of j wurli
wages, better camp conditions, and blankets hy the employers! and the
no discrimination against union setting of a date to hold the Kum-
inen, was settled satisfactory to the ! loops eonvention, whieh was set for
men concerned on April 2£lh, The j Saturday, the 19th of June, 1920
company agreed to pay thc associa-j We also discussed the sick benefit
tion scale of wages, clean up the ■ fund, which was decided to be car
camp, and are willing to meet the j riod on until the convention, and
camp committee in future. A bull
cook has been hired, for the Ilrst
time in thc history of this outfit.
As most of the men employed here
live at home, the company has run
things about any way they liked,
paying as much as 91.25 below the
association scale. This is a onesided out lit, wtili a mill cutting
from 30 to 40 M per day; high lead,
level ground, about one mile of
railroad; three bunk houses ubout
14x18; six bottom bunks in each;
board fair at $1.50 per day.   Head-
then to be put out for referendum
vote for the rank and file us to
what they would rather do-—pay
their $1.00 per month to the L. W
I. U. for sick protection or puy it to
tlie bosses.
1 will also say that our worst
enemy, old John Barleycorn, is
doing a lut of harm In this district,
There were at least 100 union men
in Kamloops the 1st of May and
only ainmi 20 attended the meeting, all caused tliruugh thc demon
whisky  and  moonshine  lemon  ex-
Jng room containing two pool tablet, i traet and other poisons, even to
free to employees, also shower bath. Florida water. Hoping wo can over
The mill men have rooms over tbe j come this whisky by having some
reading room, with two beds in > solidarity among the working
each room. Hiring men from
Hicks since strike.
On the 26th of April, the under
signed left Vancouver for Wellbare
Channel, on the steamer Cowichan,
The following day after buying
meal tickets from the purser, were
refused meals. The steward stated, he would not set the table
again. Five of us had bought tick-
cts an well as 14 men und two women. One can imagine how we
spout the day after a breakfast,
which is known by all who travel
ou the Cowichan, to be very slim,
to say the leust. To add to our discomfort, the purser demanded
$2.50 additional (after paying for
the night) for occupying a stateroom for a period of 10 hours during the day. After one receives
such treatment, we, surely regret
very much to patronize the steamer
Cowichan again, ond should we be
compelled to do so, It would be advisable to be supplied with enough
food to last during the voyage.
M. C. Thomas, P. Flanagan, W,
Miller, A. Moy Ian and L. II. Rade-
Organiser's Re|M)l't
In tho lust- three weeks I have
made a visit to most of the camps
In Prince Albert district. Becauso
of the workers being so scattered,
It is a difficult matter to get them
lined up as fast as We would like.
It makes the work of organizing
expensive. One thing each member must do in order to advance
the membership in thit. district.is,
bring along your fellow workers.
ln that way, wc will soon have a
solid district with the least expense.
In spite of the companies being
so discriminating against delegate's
the work 01 organizing still goes
on; the time isn't far distant when
the delegates will ask the membership to buck them up, so be ready.
A man that isn't a member in any
camp, spells for us uur weakness.
We cannot create an organized
union of Lumber Workers any faster than the slowest. Those that
hang back, only hold back those
already membeni. When n worker
signs up, he has pledged himself
to back klip his delegates in this
district. These delegates are men
with union principles. They ure
working to put the organization ln
Goneral Headquarters:
Vancouver, B. C; E. Winch, 61 Cordova Street West.
Cranbrook,  B.   0.;   J.  H.  Thompson,
Box 19.
Cranbrook    Dlstriot—Legal    adviser:   (JeorBO Sproull,
i\a 1.1 loops, B. O.J J. L. Petorson, Box
bl2, 3 Vittorla Street.
Merit, U. 0.; W. 3. Kilner, Box 8.
No.Eoii, B. 0.| B. Barrow, Otnoral
Mc.,..us arc hold lu tlio O. B. U.
Hull, Maker Street, Nelson, on thd
lli'sl nml llilnl Sunday of eaeh
month nl ;i 11.1.1..
Princo UjiMge, B. C; J. StiTeuson,
Dniver £0.
Prin'cj hui,art, B. O.j J. H. Burrough,
Bo* 8.-J3.
Vnic.uver, B. O.; J. M. OJfrke, 61
Goi'tloVtt Street Wist.
ylGtma, B. C; E, Waterson, 1424
attornment it-treat.
Ednu11t.11, Alta.; 0. Borg, 10333—
101.it Street East.
Princj Alncrt, Scsk.; Oeo. Tother, 108
—'j'J\\ Etrcrt Eaat.
Wiiw'i'e:;, Mt>n.; Ltuubcrworkers' Union. Ui. Hniuy Avenue.
Sudbi:ry 0;.t ; Wll Oov.t.u, BOX 1531,
)■('. -ni Stia'biV
P ii. rrpiiQlttj Out.; T. Mace, Box 390,
V/c'SU:' HaU.
C Invent.; J, D, Oluncy, 95 Lang
T.i'Mi: ur Onl.; Luiuherworkarn District Sbwetary. li'/a Cedar Street,
"   0.  3c: 2IJ9.
I.' Ill in'; V. Bbiette, 3B St. Laurent
fib set.
Vi'-ic '.v- Dirt'ict S:cretary: 61 Cordova t, cat West,
classes, I remain, ^_^^_
Yours for Industrial Freedom,
Plngston Creek, II. C.
A meeting of O. B. U. members
was held and the following demunds were passed:
"Tbat It shall be an 8-hour day,
"Thut we get time and one-half
for overtime.
"That blankets be furnished.
"That all men hired by the
month, working longer than eight
hours, be paid time and a half for
overtime." J. It
The board In this camp has been
raised to $1.50 per day, but it Is
very good and very clean. The
cook is a returned man. Huve
spring beds and mattresses, but the
men have to supply tbe blankets.
The wages are not quite up to the
standard, but as soon as we have
a 100 per cent, camp wc will hnve
a meeting and will then place our
demands before the company.
J. E. B.
Intermit imml Autocrats Scared of
the O. It. V.
Fort Francos branch of International Lumber Workers Is exclud'
ed from District 2, United States,
by their general executive,
' This action was taken on the
grounds of a recent investigation
by one of their grand moguls, who
has been Impressed with the sen
timent for the O. B. U. ln that
locality, which Is developing rapidly und ulready outnumbers thc International four to one, and posutr
bbly will afflict with its contagion
the whole of District 2.
This action by the International
executive gives them also the privilege to withhold strike pay from
Fort Frances branch. Their precaution is just in time, because the
atmosphere is so dense that a strike
may be called any day.
Who snjls lhat thu International
chiefs have no brains?
Control from above for the purposo of drawing per capita tax
from the membership and building
up a big headquarters fund Is the
whole and sole purpose of all International organizations. Compare
this with the principles of the O.
B. U., which leaves full control of
tlieir affairs in the handB of the
local membership.
Headquarters Camp, Northern
Construction Co.
A meeting was held here aa a result of the district convention. District ^secretary's financial report
and clauses passed at convention
rend. Had the good fortune to
have Mr. Stevenson here to talk a
little to the boys.
We took' a ballot on the 8-hour
and $4 per day and board minimum
wage.    Carried unanimously.
Moved that wc strike In case employers should not come through
with the demands. Carried unanimously,
Moved, "That camp committee be
empowered to call special meeting." That meetings be held every
Tuesdny."   Carried.
About 29 men attended the meeting, 2G O. B. U. members. Are getting in more new men, most of
them are organized.
A. P.
District Organiser's Report
At a meeting held by the district
executive board on March 7th, I
was asked to visit the camps tn this
district for the purpose of organization and education. Now, 1ft
some respects the time was sot opportune, as quits ft number 9C om-
ployers had laid off a large number
of their men as there was insufficient snow for sleighs and the roads
were unfit for trucking. However,
I visited most o'f the camps, and
with two exceptions, were well-
organised, quite 80 par cent, carried cards. Hera is a folnt that
must be recognized and understood
by tbe workers if they wish to mako
any progress ulong the line of organization. The man that curries
a card and sticks the same in his
pocket und tak.:s no further interest in the union, and things appertaining to the interests of the workers generally, is a detriment to organized labor, as they are sailing
under false colors. Now, fellow-
workers, road the preamble of the
O. B, U„ and thoroughly understand the principle!! laid down. Become clpsa-consclous, understand
your position lu society us u worker,, then get busy on the job and
justify yourself as a unit in iho
ranks of organized Labor. A man
r<ade this remarks to me: "I pay
my money to the union, so let tiiem
do thc work." And I find there Is
quite a number of men holding
fhe same Idea. New, fellow workers, we must get this obviuus fact
thoroughly understood, that myself and every other member of tho
organization constitutes tho union,
and i/L is up to every one of us to
do our best in the collective i.ense.
Unity of ideas along certain lines
and unity of action and the demand for reform have to be made
on tlie Job. The following question was often put to md "When
are the executive board going to
meet the Mountain Lumbermen's
Association, and demand of them
the 8-hour day, etc.?" My reply;
"It's up lo the workers themselves,
working on the job." If that
power was placed in the hands of
an executive board, In a short time
the O. B. U. would be In exactly
the same position as International
unions, the officers would make
terms with the employers and the
workers would be expected .to abide
by those terms, and would soon lose
ull active Interest In the union, and
would be content for a time to let
the officials conduct their business
nnd we know by experience, that
organized labor cannot succeed unless the initiative is in the hnnds
of the workers. It's up to you,
fellow workers. No one else can
do it for you. I found great improvements in camp conditions
when compared with the condition
that existed previous to the "activities of the L. W. I. U. The best
camps are Otis Staples Lumber Co.,
Baker, McNabb, and the Ross, Saskatoon Lumber Co., and the above
camps had good live deeigutes and
committees, and taken generally,
the men were alive and active, utflj
the camp conditions reflected the
spirit and intelligence of the men.
The saw mills at Waldo and Baynes
are well organized. At Waldo, I
addressed an open meeting, which
was.well attended by the workers
of the three mills. I also held a
meeting at the C. P. R. mill at
Yahk, and appointed a delegate. I
also took In the mills at Ward ner
and Jaffray. Now the only way to
get tho milts properly organized, Is
to send in a good delegate to work
on the Job. There Js a large number of married men working in the
mills, and they are scared If the
boss sees them talking to an organizer. Now, you mill workers,
get some spirit. Don't be afraid
that the employers will discriminate against you. Saw mill labor is
scarce. There is a genuine shortage of skilled labor, and unless you
go ahead and keep abreast with
the loggers, you will have to stay
behind and stew In your own juice.
It's up' to you, fellow workers.
DEL. NO. 2237.
Delegates' remittances  $5,458,311
Le3s commission-  Jl95,00
Less expenses   61.84
..     221.00
District members	
O. B. U. Buttons 	
O. B, U. Folders 	
Defense fund 	
Central Central strike fund	
Blairmoru miners' strike fund 	
Balance collection for Camp C strike ...
14 '..03
Expenditures— ^^^^^^^^
Olhee  ' $
Carpenter on repairs 	
Rent, pan	
I Remit, head' olllce on account  1,
Postage  '	
Subscription to Sun  .:-. $1.30
Subscription to Province  1.20
Winnipeg Defenso Fund
. Contributions from Sudbury district. A. C R. Mile 251, Oba, Ont.,
Jarvis camp:
Contributions of $1 each: Elna-
arl Lammi, Wm, Seppnla, Frank
Salo, Otto Holpaincn, E, R. Paterson, A. Hieta, Albert Finn, V. Hanson, R. Niemi, A, Hovi, John Hill,
Hemmi Koekela, Nestor Niemi.
Contributions of $1.60 each: Matt
Contributions of $2 each: Peter
Maukinen, Emil Kolvisto, gam
i'erala, Solomon Ket tula, Wm, Fou-
tala, Af. Kero, J. Landen, Kalle
Vainio, Idor Kinkkonen, lvar Mak-
inen, Adu Makl, J. Anttlla, Otto
Contributions of $3 each: Jack
Seppala, John Jarvi, Oskar Poul-
akka, L. Lchto.
Contribution of $ ti: H. Haikola.
Amount collected previously by
camp treasurer, $34.30.
Amount collected for wrestling
match, $10.
Balance left from concert advertisement, $1.70.
Total amount, $104.50, remitted
by Follow Worker Jack Seppala.
From Sault Ste. Marie, Ont, by
Delegate Stahlberg; contributions
of $5 each, Aug. Angila, Ed. Tlen-
haara.   Total amount, $10.
Dance and concert held by members at Sudbury, Ont. Total amount
realized,  $30.70.
Dance and concert held by members at Sault Ste. Marie. Ont. Total amount $08, remitted by Fellow
Worker Carl K. Hakola.
Dance and concert held at Hus-
sey Hall, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.
Total amount realized, $63.45,
which amount has been remitted
by Fellow Worker L, Luoma.
A. C. R. Mile 261, Oba, Ont.,
Jarvis Camp:
Contributions of $1 each: Jack
Omalley, Joe Larrlvee, Joe Seneca),
Ale. Niemi, E. Koski. Kannakko.
Contributions of $2 each: E. R.
Paterson, G. B. Vizeau, J. Leclnir,
E. Wilson, Hj. Ranta,
Contribution of $5* A. P. Rondcn.
Total amount, $21.
Amount of collection collected at
the Sudbury district L. W. I. U. of
the O. B. U, convention, $63,40.
Amount of collection collected at
protest meeting, held at Sault Ste.
Marie, Ont, $52.98.
Organization hall rent, transportation  *„.
De.egutes' commission and expenses 	
Ja.i tor's   supplies	
Paper cutter and stand  ...-	
Col. caih book	
Stationery and perforator	
Hospital patients and sick relief	
Carrying strike banner	
Literature sent Headquarters	
Literature sent camps	
Refund money overpaid J. Labrnsh 	
Refund money overpaid C. Johnson 	
Strike expense, Crawford's Anchorage 	
Strike expen.se, Port Neville ■	
Strike  expense,  Capilano	
Remit to-Blairmore Miners' strik'e fund	
Relief voted A. A. Maxymonko 	
Voted J. A. Brunei, Maillardville meeting 	
Bank charges	
After reaching the limit of thelf
endurance, the men employed at
the Robert Dollar Co.'s1 camps at
Union.Bay, came out on strike in
an attempt to compel the company
to live up to the requirements of
the Health Act.
The health officer visited thte
camp, and reported lt to be In an
unsanitary condition, and Instructed the company to have the camp
cleaned up and conform with thc
requirements of the Health Act.
So far, no attempt has been made
to do so, and the camp came out
on strike, Saturday,, the 8th inst.
Thc men's demands are as follows:
That new camps be built without
top bunks, and not more thnn six
men to a room. The rooms to have
proper ventilation and lights.
That blankets, sheets, pillows
and slips be fflrnished and washed
at the company's expense,..
That new dishes and stove be furnished to the cook house. All dishes
to be of earthenware. That pork,
mutton, veal and beef bc furnished.
That a new water system be installed.
That bath houses with showers
be furnished.
That reading room be provided
for 100 men, with chairs and tables.
Thot married men's houses be
furnished with three rooms, kitchen
and pantry.
That company furnish flrst aid
room and man.
That time and one-half be paid
for overtime.
That electric lights be supplied.
That phone be installed between
camp and booming ground.
(Note—The reason for demanding phone is that in case of accident to train crew, no comrriunicu-
tion is provided other than walking
to camp.)
At the meeting, the men decided
to allow all men to go to work elsewhere except two men, who were
appointed to look after the job.
When the company desires to settle
thc dispute, two more men are to
be sent from headquqarters to sec
that the company comply with tho
required conditions.
This is a new move on the loggers part, and il bids fair to bo a
success, because it keeps the camp
closed down until the men get conditions fit for human beings to live
under; and yet it does not Impose
a penalty upon the workers by
keeping them separated from the
pay envelope until the boss comes
to his senses. It is obvious thut If
the men will Indulge in "hunger
strikes," that they in ute t of necessity adopt new tactics, seeing that
.on an average, they are never more
tlMW two or three weeks removed
.trom the point- where they have
leither got to work or starve; thus
'in some cases compelling them to
scab upon themselves. It is im-
jjperative that the old method of
ptrikes, by which an army of utrlke-
I breakers were bred, be departed
ifrom, or else we will be back again
jjwhere wc started from.
One thing is noticeable in almost
(all the loggers' strikes; about nine
out of every ten Btrfkes are for
better living and working conditions. Evidently the logger is realizing thnt by improving his conditions and raising his (standard of
living, he is benefiting himself more
than if ho was attempting to increase bis wages.
The. pulp und paper mill at Swanson Bay is on strike, but the men's
demands aro not to hand yet.
The strike at Rnza Island still
continue?, and so far no signs of a
settlement. No settlement has so
far been made with the men on
atriko from Camp 8, Port Alice.
The strike at Capilano has been
called off by the men, who have
given Instructions that the camp is
to be put on the unfair list one
Week each month until the company comes through. Probably an
intermittent strike may help to
wake up the autocratic management of this company.
Maintenance Fund
Contributions to tho maintenance
fund from the men at McLeod's
camp, Gambler Island:
Contribution of $6, J. Kelson.
Contributions of $2 each as follows:
A. Albertson, R. Beaton* F. Bil-
llnglon, J. Ball, . G. Coulter, W.
Craig, L. Dolts. F. Erickson, E.
Graft, E, Grimsby, J. Harrington,
D. Kennedy, A. Lyons, J. Lynch,
D. Mllllgan, A. McKinnon, U. Mc-
Willlams, II. Peterson,*Geo, Rennie,
Joe Sudeli.'A, Ternun, 11. Tiverling.
H. Watt.
Contributions of $1 each as follows:
G. BHghtwell, N. Bellini, J.
Berry, A. Grower, N. Carpenter, N.
Chambers, M. Ceilings, K. Habl-
mneUer, O, Ilmuii, G. Moraluta, R.
Marlowe, J, Northcott, Wm, Ross,
Geo. Shnrpc, E. Wickstrom, Wyn-
gert, G.
Donations Received
Northern Cedar Logging Co.,
Drury Inlet, por II. N. Homer, $3K;
McLeod Timber Co., Gambler ISr
Ih'nd, maintenance fund, $C7; Dahl
& Talk camp, Village Ray, per .lam
Harlan, $232.07; Dumorsq Camp,
Wellbore Channel, B. C, per J.
Wintrip, $99.
General Items
Regular propaganda meeting
held in Vnncouver, May 9th, 1920.
Meeting called to order at 2 p.m,
Fellow Worker Holllday in the
Minutes of previous meeting
rend and adopted.
Fellow Workers Lamont and Holllday reported, that on Thursday
night thoy met representatives
from various organized bodies In
the city. The question of raising
funds for the dependents of the
men Imprisoned as a result of the
Winnipeg strike, was considered;
and a committeo to three was appointed to meet on Friday, I4lh instant. Tbls committoe to take the
matter up with the other organized
bodies In Canada; find out how
much funds were in hand, and how
much would bc needed for this
purpose.   Report accepted.
Organizer Alexander reported
thnt the organization wob mnking
good progress at MlllardviHe and
Port Moody. They had been considering tho question of striking at
these places, but had decided to delay action. Vancouver was coming
along slower, but some delegates
were showing good results. Report
• Financial  report given In  detail
showing balance on hand since last
i eport  $4921.27
Receipts  4501.28
Expense!  3307.03
Leaving balance, on hand:...$6115.52
Report adopted.
Moved, "That this propaganda
meeting recommend to the Coast
executive that they advance the
sum of $100 to the Vancouver
Trades Council os un advance payment of per capita."   Carried.
Telegram read from Port Arthur,
stating that the Lumbermen's Association wero hiring-men in the
East for the coast camps.
Movod, "That tlie seeretary be
instructed to take this question up
with other orgunized bodies In the
East."   Carried.
Moved, "Thut this moeting recommend an advance of $0 to A.
Thomas."   Carried.
Capilano strike committee reported, "that men were being hired
at thc Loggers Agency 1 Hicks),
and that'the men were being taken
across to the booming ground In a
gas boat."   Report adopted.
Moved, "That a meeting of the
Capilano strikors be held on Monday at 12 o'clock noon."   Carried.
Meeting adjourned at 4 p.m.
little community  In our so-called
free democracy of Canada,
To be sure, by the grace of God,
the worker is free to breathe the
air, but he Is muster of his own
actions in little else. Everything—
land, houses, utilities, store, even
the school site—is owned by the
company. Not long since the com
mittee .elected by the workers to
ensure the proper management of
the hospital, ventured to assert
themselves in a mattef bearing on
tbe welfare of the community. Did
they succeed, as they would have
done in a free community?—not
they! They were quickly given to
understand thai, the hospital was
run by the looal representative of
the all-powerful company, they
themselves being mere lay-figures,
and, us a check on uny further
symptoms of Independent thought
which they might in future displny,
tlieir number of three was reinforced by two "company" nominees,
one of whom being the local superintendent himself.
Tlie general store, operated at a
tremendous yearly proflt, is, heedless to say, tbo only available place
where the worker can procure the
necessaries of life for himself and
hts family, nnd In an age of profiteering and high prices it stands
out conspicuous and unchallenged
In tbe practice of these present-day
developments of "business honesty."
The contplete ubsenee of local
spirit, defying cetrain efforts to foster the same—the furtive glance,
the whispered conversation, neighbor avoiding neighbor—all betray'
the blight resting In the closed
But we shall never lack for Bolshevists whilst there exist examples
of the crushing and nbasing rule
of capitalism such us ure given us
lu the oommiinlty of Ocean Falls.
Contribntloni) to Defense Fund
From Victoria Lumher Company, Camp 5, Ladysmlth, the sum
of $50.
From Booth's camp, Sechelt, the
Isuin of $45.
From Swanson Bay camp, contributions of $1.00 each, as follows;
Logan Ha bird, Robert Swanson, R.
King, Jack Ryan, Bert Still, Walter
Campbell, James McCauley, Fred
Roport of investigation commit;
tee re work us organizor in tbe
Expenses. Receipts.
NOV.   1-Dec.   7...M 28.00 000.00
Correct report:
Nov.   1-Dcc.   7...   $27.40 $m.00
When investigating, fellow-workers, 'don't deliberately garble one
member's report to try and give
credit to somebody else, if you
want the dollar standard of efficiency It's hero for you, but remember
the membership in thc East cannot
all be accredited to two men's work,
excellent   though   they   were.
Whn slinging mud lie careful not
to get spattered.
Defense Fund
Lumber workers at Robert Dollar
camp, Union Bay. $135.25.
Lumber Workers' Industrial
j Union, Nelson district: R, Barrow,
$2.00; Ben Reacol, $2.00; John
Erickson,   $1.00.    Total  $6.00.
Kamloops district, L, W. I. U.,
Camp 2, Enderby, H. C„ collected by G6o. Falter, $34.
Defense  Fund
L. W. I. U., Carlson's camp, Nri-
ItUsp, $28.10.
Any one knowing the address of
J. Klott, K86, please communtcule
with Vancouver headquarters.
How It Is Worked
This is a copy of the Hicks document which employors are nfclted to
fill In for the only purpose which It could be used fur. Loggers seeking
work should  take note.
Herbert Hicks, Mgr.
No.  1   Powell Street
s niipl
i"(1 to lh
find stnti
that he formerly worked for you.
If entirely consistent, kindly givo us the information requested below
which will be treated confidentially.
Enclosed please find stamped envelope for return,   *
Yours truly,
1. What job did he fill at your oamp?	
2. Was his work satisfactory?	
3. Did he cause any agitation in your camp?	
4. What was the reason for his leaving?	
Doi* — »« «        "'g""'1 	
Donation* to  Looked-OUt Miners
Collected by Del, Ceo. Paltes,
camp 2, Enderby, B, C, $056.
The Iron  llnml of Capltnllsiu
.Some 2S0 miles north from Vancouvor, thu Pacific Mills, Ltd., have,
established their pulp and paper
plant at Ocean Falls. To the casual
observer journeying by any of the
coasting boats whieh touch there
the chief impression Is that of a
flourishing community—prosperous
workers with their well-clad wives
and healthy looking children. But
a brief residence will speedily throw
somo interesting side lights on tho
conditions of tbe working man—
and especially the married man—
at Ocean Fulls.
All Intelligent persona will, nd-
) mlt the evils a\ul the unfairness
whieh must Inevitably result from
the closed town and k will bo ro-
[membered that among the many
! pro-olectlon promises of the present
governmont waa one that all theso
closed or "company" towns would
bo thrown open and that a full
measure of freedom should ho accorded to the.residents, yet like the
•usual politician's pledge, it has
; never been fulfilled, It would be
Interesting to-know tlio history of
the, non-carrying out of t-hie prom-
j Ise—for   instance   tho   "quid   pro
quo" In this case.   0
For here in Ocean Falls", the iron
rqje of capitalism is supreme. The
sway of the Pacific Mills Limited
moves every current in tbo lives of
their workers; to question Us decrees is treason; to disobey them, a
crime past redemption, Autocracy
In Russia under tho rulo of the
czars never exercised its blighting
1 Influence as it today docs la this
The first semi-annual convention
of the L. & C. W. V„ Prince George
district, was held In the headquarters, Third avenue, Prince George,
April 19th, 1920.
Considering thc size of the district, the attendance of delegates
wus small; at the present time the
transportation facilities, especially
to the south, are very bad, this being a detriment to a more representative convention.
Bro. C. Neil was elected as chair-
After the secretary's report,
which was adopted, a number of
resolutions were deult with, the
piece-work system was debated,
and the opinion of the majority
being that il should be, discouraged,
nnd if possible, eliminated, tu which
end ft was proposed tbat a campaign be started against it.
The question of wages and hours
was taken up, and a resolution
from Smlthers dealing with same
was adopted.
Wage scales to be $4 per day and
board; the price of board to bo
added to above amount should the
employer insist on payment for
same; tliis to apply to all day labor.
Cooks to receive $125 per month
for 25 men; $150 for over 25, with
two flunkeyt] and socond cook when
the number exceeds 50 men.
Eight lmurs lo constitute u day's
Tbe Health Act and sanitary arrangements received attention. Resolutions demanding the installation of baib bouses and drying-
rooms, spring beds and mattresses,
were considered and passed.
A resolution calling for bunk-
bouses for every eight men was
amended, so that as long as the requisite number of cubic feet of air
space was available, no reslrlctiniis
as Lo size would bo Imposed.
Overtime only in case of necessity, uud otherwise to be discouraged,
All wages to |m> paid semimonthly in cash.
Resolutions dealing with piecework were filed,
A resolution, submitted by the
secretary, ro tho co-operative store
In 1'rince George, was carried, and
as a result, ten shares of $5 each
have been juiruhased lu the name
of the L. & C, W. t\, so that any
member of lbe unit purchasing
goods in lbe store, on giving the
purchase number, which is 89, tho
dividend will be credited to the L.
& c \V. r., P, <;. district, thereby
helping our organization and the
co-operative movement in this locality.
li was decidod that the secretary
he bonded for the sum of $1000.
The basis of representation fur
conventions wus set as one delegate for 50 members or loss, and
one additional delegate for each
ndijilloiial hundred 'or major fraction thereof.
Wnges of district executive, when
on business for tho orgnnization In
connection with the district, to be
$4 per day und all legitimate expenses.
Executive to meet on cull of secretary.
The final business being the elec.
tlon of secretary and executive fur
ensuing six mouths, tho results
were as follows:
Executive committee: C. Neil,
Smlthers, B. C; P. Dengle, Sheraton, B. Ci -A. Pulmgreii, Prince
George; E. Strochlem, Button, B.
Secrotary-treasurer: J. Steven- i
Next convention to meet In
Prince George, Oct., 1920.
Convention adjourned At 1 p. nt.,
April Utth, 1926.
There Is,a question which J, as
a member of the L. W- L U, would .,
like to have cleared up, nnd it is
this: How are the members of this
organisation going to be able to dls- i
corn between bad cump? and good
One week we see a report from
a certain camp branding It "bay-
wire" from the word go, and next
week that Is flatly denied und the
camp conditions made   to   appear ,
almost first clase,   neither   report I
having a delegate's number attach- ,
ed.    This has happened on  more
tban onc occasion lately, and it Is j
my humble opinion that   such   a;
practice should cease.
If there are loggers of such, a j
degenerate nature as to stoop to
uso the union as a means of vent- •
ing tbelr personal petty   spite   or
prejudice against certain   employers, I think such men are a- menace
rather than an asset to the organ- <j
baibm and means should be adopt- '
ed to put a stop to their activities. :
It Is not my purpose to criticize ,
the policy of   the   Fed.,   but   my -
opinion Is that all   camp   reports.
should bear the delegate's number,
or lf sent In by other than a delegate, then the membership number
of the man sending   It,    and   all.
others should be disregarded.  This
may not be an efficient means of
dealing with the matter, but if not'
then I hope a better way   will   be
found, as I am sure every member
would like to be able   to   depend,,
on tbo "accuracy of the camp reports.   Otherwise I do not see the
uso of- having them appear ut all.
W. H. D.
In a recent issue nt the Ffdera-
tionist, and under the heading of
"To All Members," there wub, some
timely advice given the members,
ln regard to the question of
literature, however, there never
has been any expressed desire of
the membership through their delegates ln convention, as to Just
what papers should be sent to the
camps, and, in tha nature of things
only a few varieties of the different
"schools of thought" can be sent
The author of the communication
above referred to, also wants information on a much talked of question. Assuming that tlv man is sincere, the best way to get said information Is to read back files of a
magazine called the Lumberman,
published at Portland, Oro. Commence with the July number for
1917, and read eac]? successive
number until January, 1918, and
you can safely luy a dollar against
a postage stump thut you will obtain whnt you want.
"Tyee him heap sabe."
As a matter of fact, the undersigned knows no better medium
whereby to get the desfrcd information.
In another part ,_f the paper appears a copy of thu forms that aro
being sent out by the Loggers'
Agency (Hick's manager) to get
the necessary Information lhat Is
required to muke their blacklist efficient. By means of this Information, Hicks will "get a line on the
reds," ond incidentally get a record
of thoso who are efficient wealth-
producers for the master class. In
some countries on the continent of
Europe the workers have to curry
a card in which is put down tlieir
ability to do their work, whether
their conduct was good or bud, etc.,
and this record that is being compiled by this agency is the samo
thing, only in this case, the boss is
the only one who sees the record.
If this agency Is not forced to go
out of business, then every man
who has brainy enough to think for
himself, and courage enough to express those thoughts; every man
who takes an active part in the organization, or actively participates
in a strike will be starved into submission unless be recants. It Is Illegal lo blackmail, hut If blackmail means "extortion by means of
Intimidation," then a scheme of this
sort can only he blackmail on a
huge scalo, It Is extortion I" intimidate eertafn persons by holding
that economic olub starvation over
their bends if ihey do not pros ll trie
their mind to suit the interests of
their masters.
There is also reason to believe
lhat this agency Is hiring nun in
Seattle, nml bring tbem over bore,
nd also hiring men in the east
and bringing them west, evidently
with the object of flooding the labor market, and thus reducing the
price of labor power.
Tho general appearance of the
manager of this concern does not
seem to indicate that he requires a
rest, but nevertheless it would probably be advisable to pive tbis place
a wide berth when looking for a
job. There nre certain camps thnt
do not hire their men through this
agency, and It probably would bo
advisable to see that these camps
are nil filled up before calling on
thc gentleman that loafs behind a
counter In the basement of th«
Europe hotel.
Several camps report having taken a holiday on May 1st. One eamp
sent In a telegram with mvctings
to tho O, B. U. picnic The men
who were employed at Norton's
cnmp, Raza Island, are On .strike,
tho men demanding:
Blankets and linen, linen to Ih*
washed weekly at company's expense.
Donations to Winnipeg Defence
Camp 4, Yahk,   Delegate   E.   R.
Fay, $15.
Donations to Miners, nialrmon
D. McLeod, $2; i. Olson, $i PAGE FOUR
twelfth year. no. jo   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b. a
FRIDAY Mny m, 1.-H
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
t— a WELLS..
Office:   Labor-Temple,  405 Dunamuir  Street
Telephone Seymour 5871
Subacribtion Bates:   United Statea and Foreign,
♦2.50 por year; Canada, *2.00 per year; to
Unioni  aubaeribing   in   a   body,   $1.50   per
.    member per year.  '
TJnity of Labor: The Hope of tia World
..May 14, 1020
DURING the past month or more, the
people who resjde in the cities of
Western Canada have heard much ol tho
pageants which the Hudson's Bay Company has staged for their benefit. Columns o£ matter have
appeared in the daily
press as to thc educational value of these
pageants, which are
supposed to represent the activities oi the
Hudson's Bay Company I'or the past two
hundred aud fifty years. Iu Edmonton
moving pictures, which were supposed to
depict the activities of the agents of this
company in thc fur country, were provided, and the public was admitted free of
charge. Next week Vancouver ls to have
a pageant, and no doubt this will also bc
supposed to lie a true picture of thc exploits of the representatives of the company in the far north. In order that the
children may view this pageant, they are
to he given a holiday. Now there are two
kinds ol: education: thc onc is in line with
ruling-class philosophy, and thc other conforms to the working-class interests. History Sis we have it today from ruling class
sources, is usually far from thc truth, and
depicts thc doings of individuals, and is
based ou the big man theory, or hero worship, ln order to be of any real educational value, the Hudson's Bay pageant
must give a true pictuft of the activities
of Hie company. In other words it must
be true, and if it is a faithful picture of
thc methods employed by this company
from its early days, it will indeed be of
great value, but if it is to be the usual
trickery of the historian, whose function
would appear to bc to cover up the naked
truth, then it will bc of value only to thc
ruling elass, in so far as it will conceal the
facts and the methods whieh have been
used in building up one of the largest
capitalistic concerns in the country.
* * »
The history of the Hudson's Bay Company should be of interest to every Canadian. For it goes back to the days when
first commercialism was. reaching out for
new markets and sources of raw materials ; wht'ii thc charter was first granted
to Prince Rupert, and seventeen other
"noblemen" and "gentlemen,"-the right
of exploitation of all those seas, straits,
bays, rivers, lakes, creeks, and sounds, in
whatever Altitude they should lie, within
the Hudson Straits; together with all
lands and territories that were not already in possession of other subjects of
the old land, or other states, was given to
the company. The power of thc company
was supreme, but it was not until a considerably later date that the company carried out any extensive efforts to exploit
the territory under its domination. A
rival had however sprung up iii the form
of the North West Fur Company of
Montreal. The Encyclopaedia Britannica
has the following to say as to thc methods
employed by the fur traders:
"Thc fierce competition whicli at
, once sprang up between the companies was marked by features which
sufficiently demonstrate the advantages of a monopoly in commercial
. dealings with savages, even although
it is thc manifest, interest of thc
monopolists to retard the advance of
civilization toward their hunting
ground. Thc Indians wcte demoralized, body and soul, by thc abundance
' of ardent spirits with which the rival
traders sought to attract them to .
themselves; thc supply of furs threatened soon to be exhausted by the indiscriminate slaughter, even during
tho breeding season, of both male and
female animals; thc worst passions of
both whites and Indians wcro inflamed to their fiercest."
* * *
Tn 1821 the two companies amalgamated, :i new license for 2.1 years being
secured. In 1838 the Hudson's Ray Company obtained the sole rights I'or itself,
and obtained a new license for another 21
yenrs. lu 1859 the district was thrown
open to all comers, owing to thc opposition of the .many small capitalists that
objected to this rich bunting ground being exploited by one company alone. It
must also bc remembered that thc trade
.licenses did not affect thc original holdings of the company, and in 18C9 the Hudson's Bay Company surrendered thc
rights to this vast area of territory to tlio
government, and in return received the
sum of $1,500,000, and the right to claim
in any township in the fertile belt, land
not to exceed one-twentieth part. When
it is considered thnt the fertile belt
stretches from The Northern Saskatchewan on tlie north to the U. S. boundaries
on the south, and from the liakc of the
Woods on the eost to the Rocky Mountains on the went, it will bc realized that
this eompany started out at least under
very favorable conditions.
To be of value in thc teaching of children', the pageant should depict these
things. The amount of land which this
company received for nothing should be
demonstrated by showing how many acres
there were iu it, and the amount of wheat
that eould be produced thereon, were it
in the hands of thc common people. The
money received by thc company from tho
sale of these lands, should also be shown.
And to crown thc pictures, a picturo of an
Indian before the 'white traders—who
were the advance guard of capitalism—
contaminated him, should also be shown
alongside the type that existed after tlieir
debauchery by thc fur traders. These
pictures would then be of a valuable service to the coming generation, and would
give them a real idea of the methods employed by those early traders who were
the forerunners of the present system of
intensified capitalism. It must not be supposed, that the men who did the actual
getting of thc furs made great fortunes,
Even iu those days those who did thc
world's work did not reap the benefit of
their efforts. Their lot was one of hardship
and toil, and thc fruits of tlieir labor en-
riehed those who toiled not, and enjoyed
the fruits of the labor of others. Should the
pageant give the real information, then it,
will be of great value in the education of
thc children, by pointing out to them that
the methods of exploitation in the past
wore such as to give to privato interests
the natural resources of the country.
They will then cease to worship at the
foot of mammon, and realize that wealth
can only be created by labor, and that
under the present system of private ownership of the means of wealth produetion,
including the land and all the bounteous
gifts of nature, those who produce do not
benefit by thcir toil, but that the owning,
and not the producing class, is the class
which benefits by the efforts of the only
useful elass in society. We do not, however, expect to find that the pageant will
bc of any real educational value. That
is not the ruling elass method. The truth
will set the people free, and that would
never do, for that would mean the end
of such concerns as the Hudson's Bay
Company, and thc present useless class in
society would have to cither get down to
work or starve to death, and they will
never do that unless the workers bring
the present system to an end.
HIGHER prices, higher wages, still
higher prices, and still higher monetary wages, is the conundrum that is worrying many people in these days of inflated currency,  and  capitalistic  chaos.
Bob Smillie has likened the
THE workers seeking more wages,,
VICIOUS to a dog chasing his tail. As'
CIRCLE       a measure of relief to the
struggling working class,
which is sinking lower and lower in the
soeial morass, higher wages would bc as
little help as would the canine tail to the
dog, should he ever catch it. From press
reports this week we learn that Labor
Leaders in the Old Land arc much worried
over the ever-increasing prices, and the
consequent struggle on the part of the
workers to make ends meet. In other
words, not being conversant with economics, they, are at a loss as to what to do
in trying to square the vicious circle, and
a committee has been appointed, consisting
of representatives of the Co-operative Societies, the Trades Union Congress, and
the Labor party, to make an exhaustive
enquiry into thc reasons for the high cost
of living, and to evolve a plan for its
As already pointed out in these columns,
the high prices are due to the inflation
of the currency. In other words money
is today cheaper, or lower in value, and
the natural consequence is, that owing
to commodities having retained thcir value
while money has depreciated in value, it
takes more money to purchase the commodities. Thc only way in which the inflation ean be taken out of the currency
is by reducing the amount, which is impossible so long as the high prices remain,
owing to the fact that the high prices necessitate a larger amount of money to circulate the commodities, and the only method that can bc employed to bring about
a reduction in prices, is to reduce the
value of the commodities, wliich is determined by the amount of social necessary
labor time to reproduce them. This leaves
us in the position where, in order to reduce thc price of commodities, the workers must cither produce greater quantities of commodities per day for less wages,
or by the aid of more efficient machinery
tho amount of social necessary labor time
should be reduced. In other words, the
high prices can only bc reduced by greater and more intensified exploitation of
the world's workers. Greater exploitation of the slaves of modern capitalism
would increase the amount of coinmodi.
ties in the world's markets, and as under
ordinary conditions this market becomes
overstocked with the wealth produced by
thc workers, and causes a cessation of industry or production, and intensifies the.
miseries of thc workers, by added unemployment, we wish the committee of labor
representatives luck in their mission. So
far as we can sec, the only good that can
conic out of a study of the cause of high
prices, will be to demonstrate that the
capitalistic system is fast disintegrating,
and Unit nothing that man can conceive
of will be of any avail to stop the inevitable collapse of the present system. Low
prices, higher wages, greater production,
thrift nor any other nostrum will solve
the problem, as long as capitalism lasts
the workers will be slaves, and as long
as they are slaves the only tiling that matters, is the bringing about of their freedom; that accomplished, the vicious circle
will be broken and thc question of high
prices and low wnges solved.
ed by Ramsay Maedonald in the Old Country, has endeavored to explain thc I. L. P.
and its different activities, and what to
the Marxian student, are its many contradictions. In doing so Ncwbold states:
It is not in accord with the basic
principles of Marxian Socialism to denounce the I. L. P. as somethng in ■<!
the nature of things bad,' as a hindrance to progress,   as   a   historical
misfit. It is the duty of the Marxist
to endeavor to understand and to explain the curious political phenomenon known as the I. L. P.  Its peculiarities may—and in my own case-
do—-disturb and annoy   him.    They
may be exceedingly  displeasing  to
him, and he may wish that this body
was not or that it was otherwise, lf
he allows that disposition  to  sway
him in bis attitude thereto,  he  becomes a prey to the very idealism and
sentimentality   which   he,   rightly,
It is the duty of thc Marxist in this
country, to study the activities of all sections of the people, and to explain them
ftom the same attitude as assumed by the
critic of tho British I. L. P. And it is
from that angle that we will deal with
the Labor Church movement. .
In every walk of life will be found people that are discontented with the prevail
ing conditions. There aro numbers, who
have for many years been regular church
aderhents, and who, while they are discontented, do not yet" understand the
causes of present conditions, and at the
same time have not bcen able to shed their
metaphysical and orthodox views on matters whieh affect their daily lives. Thc
labor church appeals to this type of people
and'the congregations of these institutions
will be usually made up of that section of
the community, which, while suffering
from tlie effects of capitalism, have not
yet realized just what is the cause of the
position that they hold in society, or rather see slipping away from them. The
speakers at the labor churches will be
found to be men or women who in many
cases are as confused as thcir audiences
on questions of the day, and particularly
with regard to the position of the working class. Onc week the speaker will dilate on the inequalities of the methods
of taxation, and on another occassion the
audience will be regaled with "causes
of high priccs'as explained from thc viewpoint, that they are caused by the profiteers. Occasionally a Marxian student
will have the opportunity of placing ihe'
real position before the audience, and on
these occassions, a little light may be slkcd.,
But as a general rule, there will bc littlo>
said that will not make for more cohftt^'
sion of ideas than there is at present, o^ at1
least' to spread the confused ideas. Wlfilp,
the Marxist may not like this, it is a condition that must be met, and the only
thing that will do away for the demand
on the part of a section of the people ftr
a labor church, is the dissemination of
knowledge, and a diffusion of the Socialistic philosophy, which will, by its logic
and dialectics, dissipate that miasma of
metaphysical and superstitious dogmi
that has so confused the minds of many
people and created the demand for a labor church. If churches would free the
people, they would have been free long
ago. But they won't and a labor church
cannot help, unless it sticks to the science
of human society.   .
The A. F. of L. and
the Mexican Revolt
(By Arthur Thomson)
!; The Associated Press sent out a
report on Muy 2nd from Agua
Prietii, headquarters of the Sonora
revolutionists, that there was ''confirmation of widespread reports of
the anti-Carranza labor movement
throughout Mfexico" and that "the
American Federation of lAbor is
expected to give its support to the
movement." The A. P. got its information from Juan Rico, president of tlio Linotypers' Union of
Mexico, and secretary ot the executive board of tha Mexican Labor
The report says: "According to
Senor Hieo, the. American Federation of Labor will vouch for the
fact that tho movement is not
Bolshevik uprising, but a legitimate
attempt tto achieve industrial free
dom. Mr, ttico Insisted a sttftement
from the American Fedoration
could be expected shortly, despite
reports that the Federation originally aided in bringing about
recognition of President Carranra
The statement by Rico that "the
A. F, of L. will vouch for the fact
that the movenftnt is not a Bolshevik uprising, but a legitimate attempt to achieve industrial freodom," stamps Ftico as belonging to
the ranks of the Gompers labor
fakirs, whose mission is to confuse
tho workers and kcept them from
achieving tlieir emancipation. They
talk glibly about "Industrial freedom" while In reality they preach
industrial despotism, clothed In
benevolence, 'but nevertheless despotism. Gompers and his labor
fakir., of the A. F. of L. aro everlastingly preaching in a simitar
vein to that of Rico, but at the
same time they are continually
selling out their own union membership In Industrial disputes, continually sidetracking their members in vital issues, and continually lighting realty emancipatory
movements. The fact that Rico and
his labor party have lined up with
Samuel Gompers and his machine
should be sufficient evidence for
American workers that the latest
revolution In Mexico, which Rico
is supporting, is not for real industrial freedom at all. Gompors
has beon .fighting Socialism for
years, and no Wall Street enemy of
Soviet Russia evor lied more about
the workers' Soviet government
than has Samuel Gompers. Gompers is not a labor leader; he is a
decoy o£ capitalism.
Mexican, labor may have been
fooled hy the likes of Rico into
supporting the latest revolt. We
have, however, no proof that there
is any large body of Mexican labor
supporting the revolution, outside
of Sonora, and even ther* we havo
only ths jUsociated Press report to
Ko by, and you know how much
that Is worth. The A. P. and the
capitalist press in general.are supporting the revolutionists and of
course they are eagerly giving publicity to any report calculated to
help their schemes.
It is quite possible though, that
organized labor tn Sonora and other
parts of Mexico, corresponding to
the A. F. of L. unions in the Unit
ed States, is supporting the revolt.
But that does not mean that all
the workers or all organized labor
are supporting the revolt. Rico and
his spellbinders may be able to pull
the wool over the eyes of their union members who are fooled with
that "capital and labor, partners"
bunk, which Gompers and his spellbinders fool the rank and file of the
A.- F. of L. with, but they are liable to flnd that there are many
Mexican workers not fooled so
easily; just as many American
workers are not so fooled. The revolt of the rank and flle from their
corrupt leaders tn strikes of the
last year shdws plainly tbat the
day of the labor fakirs is fast coming to a «Jose.
According to Rico the A. F. of
L, will shortly support the latest
revolt in Mexico. Gompers and his
satellites will be tn good company
then, as Wall Street and Its hept
press are also supporting the revolt. That should be sufflclent evidence for anyono looking for proof
of the chargo that the revolution
Is merely an attempt of business
interests to bring Mexico directly
into their grasp. The kept press is
not supporting the revolt for no>
thing, nor are they interested tn
industrial freedom, except possibly
oe the brand preached by the corrupt crew of the A. F. of L, labor
fakirs. Wall Street's imperialistic
paw is ■ reaching out and the in
dustrlal freedomltes of Mexico are
by thoir suicidal tactics' flipping
right into its grasp.
Clubb & Stewart
20th Century Clothing is the Young Man's
Brand recognized by Young Men throughout
Clothes fit for a prince made for Canadians,
and made in Canada-
Spend your money here where it will do the
most good.
309 Hastings Street West
The silence of the press after the. first
day or two of the perjury trials has been
so intense that it can almost be felt,
wonder why.
From press reports we learn that the
Winnipeg trials cost the government the
sum of $154,271.09. It would be interesting to know which of the labor fakirs got
the nine cents.
Mrs. Balph Smith, M.L.A., speaking at
South Vancouver last Sunday, stated that
there was a lack of balance in the provincial legislature. We* were under the
impression that there was a shortage of
AORRAT many people in Canada are
imbued with the idea that labor
churches are a necessity at this time. These
people are putting a lot of energy and
enthusiasm into this movement. That it
may be misplaced en-
THE LABOB eigy, they evidently
CHUBCH . never think, but not in
MOVEMENT any carping spltit, we
are of the opinion that
this now, or new old movement, for it is
nn old movement, and had its counterpart
in the Old Land many years ago, should
be analyzed, as there is much that can
be explained, and possible misunderstanding cleared up. Walton Newbold, writiifg
in the Socialist Keview, which is publish-
No doubt Del. Showler's offer of assistance to the defense of the men now in
gaol at Winnipeg will cause a deal of
concern to the government at Ottawa—
that is if he really meant it. In the meantime the O. B, U.js doing tlie work, and
has uot dropped it, as suggested by Showier.
Comrade Ivens, residence, Prison Farm,
Manitoba, in a letter to the Federationist
this week, wishes to convey his thanks
to all those who have sent messages of
sympathy to him and Mrs. Ivens in their
recent bereavement. Comrade lycns is
still retaining his determination to continue the fight for freedom.
Black Troops Are Withdrawn from
Frankfort As Result
of Protests
London—Indignant protests by
Labor 'organizations agalMst the
presence of African troops In Germany havo been bombarding the
government since the expose ln the
London Daily Herald of the outrages committed upon the population of the country by these troops,
The resolutions demand that England make a prompt protest to
Prance for her use of the "horror
troops," and inform her that Eng-
land will not submit to such a perversion of the peace treaty. The
black troops have now been Withdrawn from Frankfort, under pressors of French and British public
opinion, according to announcement received hero from Paris.
Tens of thousands of Africans still
remain in the occupied ione, how
ever, and those removed from
Frankfort are now quartered In
Subscription Price United
Owing to the price of paper having taken a jump to tlie extent of
four cents per pound, tl m* subscription price of the Fetleratlonlst will
lio raised to $2.B0 per year on and
after May the 7th. The subscription prico to subscribers In tlie
United States will bc $3.00 per year.
Those renewing their subscriptions
arc asked to boar tills in mind and
send along the light subscription
Moscow—Pravda reports that the
production of coal in thc coal mines
of Chelyabinsk haB duobled, as
compared with the last month;
ISO,000 pounds of coal are being
produced daily.
The Next .Issue of tile Vancouver
and   Mainland   Telephone
Directory Closes od
June Stli, 1920
If you are contemplating taking new
servioe, or making any ohange ln or
addition! to your present aervice, yoa
ahould send In notification, ia writing,
not later than the above date, in
order that you may take advantage
of the new directory listings.
Phon* Seymoar 2492
Tolly with a Past'
Featuring Margaret Marriott
A comedy of  frills,  frocks,
love and exquisite fun.
Brilliant Musical Extravaganza
Other Big Features
Union Official!, write for pricei.
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg Local No. 3
K. B. Russell       W. A. Pritchard       B. J. Johns
George Armstrong
Campaign funds are needed. Collection cards can be secured
from, and donations made to Alex. Shepherd, P. O. Box 178S,
Winnipeg, Man.
It lias been said so often that Socialism
would break up. the home that niany
people really believe it. The following
taken from the Daily Herald would-in
dioatc that it was time that the hojnM of
the wage slaves were broken up and)UjSw
ones provided:
'Cornelius Donovan, of 76, WolslDy
Buildings, is a carman by calling, Ijut
since demobilization, five months ago,
lias only managed to  secure three
days' work.   Mrs. Donovan showed
the Daily Herald representative the
pawn tickets which have saved the
family of six from starvation.    The
pawn   tickets—there   wero   24   of
them-^-flhowed that the man's overcoat had been sacrificed, the woman's
jacket, and four  children's   underclothes.   Although only a few sticks
of furniture remain, there is a motto
on thc wall, 'Ood bless onr home.' "
No doubt parallel cases can be found
lo the above even in this country.    If
Socialism would break up such- homes,
along with the faith shown by the motto
ou thc wall, it is near time wc had it.
This is the time of year
we all put on light
Wc have a good line of
French Balbriggan at $2.00
per suit.
Men's Merino Underwear
at $2.50 per suit.
Men's Odd Pants of all
kinds, ranging from $3.00
per pair up.-
Men's Gloves at from 86c
Stanfield's Light Weight,
ribbed, at $3.50 per suit.
Combinations   —   $2.00,
$3.00, $4.00 and $b.00 per
Men's Overalls, the good
kind, from $2.50.
Union Made
Men's Sox—25c pair, up.
We have a good line of boots of all kinds to select from.
W. B. Brummitt
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting,
are features of our dental plate
department. .
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Uratal Nurar fin Attendnnt-e.
Open Evening*, 7i!lO to StOO.
Granville Street ,
Corner nobaoa Street
Over 4wl Drat More
Phone Sermour 523S
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats .
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Opposite thc Orpheum
Matineo  2.30
Evenings 8.20
Blag up Phono Seymoar HM tot
Dr. W. J. Curry
■alt* 301 Dominion BtUMlni
Bank of Toronto
Assets over .
Deposits ,
Joint Savings Aeeonnt
A JOINT B»ln(> Account m.y te
opened it Th* Baak ol Tereate
In tbo Bint ol two of nen
pononi. In theae account* either
party may ilea cheque, or dopoeil
money, for the liferent membein
of a family or a Im a joint aeoaatt
la often a front coarenlonca. Interett
la paid on batanoot.
Vancourer Braneh:
Corner Hattlnn and Cable Streeta
Branchei alt
Victoria,   Herrltt, Haw Wntnliitar
1160 Otoriti stnet
Sunday services, 11 a.m, tnd 7,80 p.
Sunday    school
morning service.    Wednesday •tostimi
meeting,    8    p.m.    Freo   wading
001-903   Dirks   Bldg.
immediately     following
Follow Uu Crowd to tht
Patricia Cabaret
Ona block cut of Empress Theatre
SMITH, B. LOVE and tht EBL
luterprat tht litest song Uti, assisted by Ths Bronco Jail Band
Music, S p.n. to 1
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tents and Awnings, Carpenters' Aprons ahd Overalls, Pants
and extra clothing:. Longshoremen's Hooks, etc. Estimates
given on all canvas work,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Phono Sey. 4541
Union Laundry
Is ths only Onion Laundry In tho
STAND, 91S Klin St., ara agents
for thia laundry.
Leavo   yoar   laundry    Monday
morning aad get it Friday.
Look here
Get your education from poetry.
Road the stirring poena by tha
Proletarian Poet, "Rights of
Min," "To Lire Decently Liko ths
Boss," "If Jesus ('nme to Win*
nipeg," "Tho Stool Pigeon." Ton
will like these. Seat, postpaid, 18
M. Harris
e|o W. M. Ryan's Tobacco Storo
Vanoouver, B, C.
Men who write for yon aro oa
tha front lint trenches, Ighting
your battles. They aro tho Irst to
get pinched when tha authorities
get desperate,
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. Itis up to you to support them.
Thp House Behind the Goods
Ono quality, and that the finest
VANCOUVER, B. ft rftlDAT May 14.1M»
These prices good for one week
commencing Friday, May 14th
Shaker Salt, per carton _...
Wagstaffe's Strawberry Jam, 4-lb. pail $1.15
Gremettes Macaroni, per pkt  10c,
Jutland Sardines, per tin  8'/ic
White Swan Naptha Soap, per bar 5c
Crosse & Blackwell's Pure Malt Vinegar,
per bottle     32c
Robin Hood Farina (similar to Cream of
Wheat), 6 lbs   ...46c
Quaker Pork and Beans, in Tomato Sauce,
2V2 size „ _ 19c
"Get It at Woodwards"
%      THE TRUTH   '
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and June, 1919
Giving the true facts and all the details. A book that should
be tn every home. Over SOO pages of the most interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, there is danger tn delay, the best
time ts today.   IK) IT NOW.
Prices:    Bundle orders, $40 per 100 copies, $22 per 50 copies,
$15 per -ii cgpies, single copies SOo each.    All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting tbe O. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies. >
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. O. Box 1508, Oalgary, Alberta
Condemns the Individual
ity of the Modern
"Th. Social Meaning of th.
Death of Jesus," was of sufflclent
interest to draw a crowd of some
hundreds to the- Royal theatre on
Sunday evening, the speaker dealing with that topic being A. £1
Smith of Brandon, who had been
engaged in a local campaign dur-
ing the preceding weeks in behalf
of the People's Church movement
in Vancouver. •
Tom Richardson was chairman,
and took occasion to refer to the
fact that he wag "still an adherent
of the Christian faith, and of th.
Christian religion." Socialism he
regarded as "applied Christianity."
Hr. Smith said that at the timo
of the general strike, an opportun
ity was afforded to the church "to
show where it stood in relation to
social justice." The strike Itself
wals the assertion of a fundamental
religious element in human life.
That the church should Btlll continue to preach an individualistic
salvation was an affront: Its dictum
was: "Get this, and you will have
no discontent, and no Ideas' that
will caunse you to have dlscon
"That Individualistic attitude 1.
wholly erroneous," he declared: "it
is needful to set forth an tnterpre
tallon of thii; central event from a
social standpoint." Applause greeted his added remark that "lt Is con-
lldently expected that wo will es
tablish a People's Church ln thl.
city, and that J. S. Woodsworth
will tak« charge."
He urged that they should not
condemn the movement off-hand.
Its potentialities had not yet been
disclosed. Others were^as much a
part of the social order as themselves—"we're all here!" he said.
"Progress is not a shooting ahead
of a group and leaving tho rest behind. Progress Is uniform—when
all human life 1. moving forward.
You have a mission to the man
who 1. bohind you. Bring them
from the fields of illusion to the
thought that will set thom free.
You cannot make progress otherwise. "While credulity was an
clement of the undisciplined mind,
fnith was an element of the informed mind. While the mass were
held by credulity, the mors advanced must extend sympathy to
The speaker went on to define
some of the older views of the
meaning of the death of Jesus, Involving ideas of ransom, atone,
ment, etc., as presented by Him,
those notions were amusingly fan
tiistlc. Formulated In terms of
virtue and vice, as the Christian
doctrine* commonly was, he asked:
"How does it lend itself today to
the social conditions in which
find ourselves 1 What are the sins
that institutionalize themselves In
human society, inflicting themsolves on those who attempt th.
setting up of the new social order?"
Religious bigotry came first.
That was the chief agent ln frustrating Jesus's work, and the cause
of the weakening of His disciples.
It was a -social sin, and one of the
sins that He bore on His body on
the tree. "He didn't die because
you swear or get drunk or beat
your wifo or hit another fellow ln
tho eye—not because somebody
broke Into a bank or ran away
with another man's wife."
Corruption of political power and
political graft, was another social
sin. "He put his hand on it, and
it undertook tn slay Him." Corruption of. justice again, was a social sin. "The value of Justice is
made manifest by the reaction that
ls set up in overy man's mind when
a wrong Is done." Jesus was a
victim of the court; the friendly
court condemned Him on a religious charge. "It ls one of tho sins
of our day; and it is a terrible
thing that there has been created
nothing but a contempt for the institutions of justice."
Mob action was a social sin likewise. "The mob spirit is anti-social wherever it Is found. It is
just as likely to be found ln the
Board of Trade as in a crowd on
tho street; as much in a manufacturers' association as in a reform
association." In the case of Jesus,
the mob wais urged to cry out
against Him: but "that very cry
was the doom of the overhead system—and so it may be today."
Militarism was a further, social
sin—a universal sin of organized
society. "He that llveth by the
sword, shall perinh by the sword,"
was an expression of deep conviction—not occasional temperamental
disposition. "When a man transfers his hope of sucoess from the
seat of reason to his fist, he's abandoning the abiding basis of success
for the passing, the superficial."
The reaction of war was far more
terrible than was Itself. "Force
develops a consciousness that becomes ultimately blind to the value
of any other agency."
Class contempt, with class pride;
was the last great social sin on the
speaker's list. As an Instance, h.
mentioned the deterioration ln the
value of property by the proximity ot colored people, and suggested that It might be "a good thing
to bring a whole lot of dark-skinned people to this city; then eome
of us might be able to buy a
house."    (Laughter.)
Again, six out of eight "superior" persons on a recent occasion,
had held that no amount of educational advantage could make working people equal to themselves;
they were essentially Inferior, and
never could be the same. "The
class system ls one of the sin. of
our day, and is almost universal."
These six great sooial sins were
the things that nailed Jesus Christ
to the Cross; He protected against
those colassal Institutional sins. "It
was not for some Individual fault
that He died—because some one
was a drunkard, a thief, or a liar.
You have to come to Jesus all
right; beeause we have to come to
the attitude that He took to these
social sins It we are ever to set
saved. Jesus never expected any
man to be a Christian under the
present system—in the midst of a
mass of seething corruption." The
Jesus they had to oome to, the
speaker added, was "not the figure
of the meek and lowly Jesus that
was apologizing for Its existence
all the time."
Following the address, an organization meeting was held, for which
nbout 200 of the audience .stayed
behind. It was resolved to form a
church ln Vancouver, and that Mr.
Woodsworth should be asked to
take charge If the necessary resources were forthcoming.
Mrs. Nahce Holmes was appointed secretary, and a committee was
formed of the following:
J. Clark, Gordon Herbert, Mrt.
Herbert, Mrs. Rees, J. A, Taylor,
Mrs*. Taylor, Dr. Curry, Mrs. J
Clark, Mrs. J. A. Clark, J. A. Rlt
chic, Mrs. Ritchie. Geo. Hardy, W.
R. Trotter, Mrs. Trotter, T. S. Ez-
art, J. C. Bent, Mrs. Bent, J. Lewis,
Mrs. Hogg, J. Charlton.
A militancy never before known
has been shown ab6ngst the Australian workers since the war.
Generally the workerB in Australia
are contending that their employers
promised them a "new world for labor" and they*mean to.get It, lf not
by fair means, then by any other
mtanls possible. And generally
speaking they are making good.
The slogan of 90 per cent, of the re.
turned men, who are mostly unionists, Is, "We fought to make Australia a white man's country, and by
Ood Its going to be a white man's
country even if we are to do battle with the capitalists in the country to secure it."
Policemon Get Increase
The Vancouver Policemen's
Union decided to accept the IS per
cent, increase offered by the-police
commission, ln place of th. 25 asked for. In addition to this, the men
will receive 25 cents per day good
conduct pay, to keep them out of
the O, R. U.
When through with this paper,
pass it on.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits	
Total Assets 	
...$ 25,000,000
...$ 16,000,000
...$ 17,000,000
690 branches in Canada, Newfoundland ud Britiih
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and,
Barcelona, Spain,
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
' Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets.
Corner Main and Hastings-Streots.
Corner OranviUe and Bobson Stroets.
Coiner Bridgo Stroot and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Oranvillo and Davie Streots.
Cojner Oranvillo and Seventh Avonue West.
1050 Commorcial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street
2010 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenne and Main Street.
1 Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Brunch and 25th Avenue Branch.
Also—Xoi'tli Vancouver, New AVcolminster and 34 other
points in British Columbia.
Onc dollnr opens an account on which interest is paid half-yearly
at current rules.
0. W.'rBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. 0.
Manager Vancouver Branch
A Happy Home
where there's a
Made like the Mason & Risch Piano — of
quality materials by quality workmen.
Sold on Easy
Terms at
Cabinet Styles   *
Come in and bear for
yourself the tone of the
Mason & Risch—it's a
superior instrument.
Vancouver, B. C.
"Maken of Fine Pianoi for Ovor Fifty Years"
Labor   Forces   Government's Hand in
I [By W. Francis Ahern]
Jpuring the Australian Commonwealth elections last December, the
Australian* Prime Minister made a
half-hearted kind of announcement
that a gratuity would be paid to
the Australian returned soldiers,
The promise wai somewhat obscure and clouded, and the Labor
Party forced the government out
Into the open by compelling It to
announce a definite scheme. The
Australian Government is now re
deeming its promise, though It
seems safe to assert that the returned men owe it to the Australian Labor Party for forcing the
government to pay the gratuity*
The gratuity ts to be at the rate
of 36 cents per day from the date
of enlistment to the date of the
signing of the Peace Treaty, and
this gratuity will be paid tn full
whether the soldier served the full
time or not. In the case of those
who are killed, full gratuity will
be paid to the dependents. For the
men-who volunteered but who did
not leave Australia, a gratuity of
24 cents per day is to be paid. Payment Is to be made in the form of
non-negotiable bonds bearing interest at 5 % per cent, and will be received aa cash payments through
the Repatriation Department in
cases of emergency, or for deposits
on houses or property. The ponds
wilt be liquidated by loans spread
oyer a period until May, 1924. An
arrangement haa been made to pay
a certain percentage of the bonds
in cash (about $30,000,000) at once
in cases of hardship. The total
amount of the gratuity \vill reach \ry
the vicinity of $140,000,000.
The gratuity Is easily the most
liberal paid in any part of the
British Empire, and ts also the most
democratic, as It makes no distinction to class or title, but treats alt
alike, as is right and^ proper. The
gratuity paid to New Zealand sol-
diers Is different in as much aB the
gratuity there is paid from the date
of embarkation to the date of death
or discharge, whichever is the
earlier, but the rate of 36 cents Ib
the same, though no payment ts
made lo men who remained in New
Zealand who did not go overseas,
but who were enlisted in the army.
^Australia these men get 24 cents
por day. The Australian rate is
aho far ahead of tlmt of Canada,
where the men get six months' pay
fori threo-years' service, five months'
pay Cor two years' service, four
months' pay for one year's service,
and three months' pay for less
tl&ri a year's service. The rates for
Canadian soldiers who did not leave
the pountry are three months' pay
for r three years' service, tw*
months* pay for two years, and one
njonth'a pay for one year's service.
While the Canadian gratuity ls paid
in monthly Instalments, the Australian gratuity is paid in a lump sum,
Ths Australian proposal is therefore the fairer In application and
more speedy^ in actual payment
than that of any other dominion.
There aro several wise provisions
In the payment of the gratuity that
should be noted. For instance, if
the soldier has neglected to provido
adequately for his dependents, the
latter may be paid it In place of
tt *eing paid to the soldior. Further, the gratuity cannot be seized
by creditors In the event of a sol
dler dying ln debt. In that case it
wtll go to his dependents. Another
provision Is that the interest cannot be transferred, the government
taking thin wise provision of preventing the Shylocks and harpies
from gutting at the bonds of the
soldiers. Nor will any moneylender who has advanced money to
soldiers at high rates of interest on
the strength of being able to collect from the bonds. The government has stated that not only will
it prevent them from trying to rob
the soldiers in this fashion, but that
In cases where it Is known they
have attempted lo trafflc in bonds,
they will prosequtc.
Tho governmont scheme Is altogether a good one, but It Is safe to
say that tlie soldiers would not
have been on the excellent footing
they are were it not for the watchfulness ot the Australian Labor
Party lu forcing the hand of llio
government, and further forcing
them to bring down a bill into Parliament to legalize tho gratuity
bond Issue.
Organize Labor General
Staff to Assume Con-
trol of Industry
(By the Federated Press)
London—A Labor general staff,
which wtll unite and direct the activities of organizations erpresent-
ing. more than 6,000,000 trade
unionists tn Hne wtth the definite
policy of Lubor gradually assuming
control of industry, is about to be
formed in England. Following the
decision taken at tho recent Trades
Union Congress, plans are now un
der discussion for tht formation of
the staff-
Fred Bramley, secretary of tha
co-ordination subcommittee, charged wtth the duty of drawing up a
plan for the staff, announced that
the complete scheme will be submitted to the Trades Union Congress at Portsmouth ln September,
"The Congress will decide the
final method to be adopted for
making more efficient the trade
union machine and for facilitating.
swifter methods for -dealing with
the emergencies which will i
doubtedly arise."      ...
According to Robert Williams,
general secretary of the Transport
Workers Federation and convenor
of the Triple Alliance, the need of
such a general staff is clear to any
one who wants to see the working
clatss progress.
4'One feels that too often Labor
leaders and trade union officials are
more concerned in buttressing the
present system of fraud, chicanery
and exploitation than tn attempting
to secure a world made free for
every one," he aald.
"Six years' effort to improve the
status of the WorKf?a My means of
wagea feafe heen tn vain, for what
the lords of capital give with one
hand, they snatch back with the
other. It remains as true today as
ever that those who control the
Tncans of livelihood and support,
will also control .prices.
"I remain firmly convinced that
the vicious circle will ultimately
strangle the capitalist systepi," declared Williams, "The operation
of the wages .system is making
increasingly clear the fallacy of
maintaining a system which yields
more rent, interest and profit to the
useless ones and less of everything
to the producing class.
"Under the present sy-item, the
working class will not materially
Increase output unless and until assured taht increased output is
translated into Improved conditions
of Ufe.
At tho Knipmoi
An exquisite comedy of frills,
frocks, love and adventure, will bo
next week's offering by the Empress stock company, and if "Polly
With a Past" don't make one of
the biggest hits of the year, we
surely mlbs our %uesa, New York
went crazy over tliis unique play,
which pueked thc theatre to the
doors for ten solid months. Margaret Marriott will he seen tn the
star part and will have a chnnce of
tfftng just as captivating and mischievous as she can possibly be,
and all who witnessed hor performance of ".lorry" know that that Is
h,er, happiest line of portrayal.
While "Polly With a Past" is an
Qxcrptlatlngly funny comedy. He
heaAity lies In the seriousness of
thei characters who unravel the
plot, and from tho moment the curtain rises on the first act until the
ve^y finale it is one continual parade of gorgeoufi clothes, witty linos,
unexpected happenings and delightful scenen. .Too Lnwlis. the
sbcAic artist* Is preparing some of
the classiest stage scttlngs*thnt ho
lias created during his entire engagement. Order yonr senls now.
Tor "Polly" will make a big hit
with you.
"JitMIco" on It Ih In Australia
As a sample of the "Justice" that
obtains in Australia under the anti-
Labor Hughes Oovernment, it is
only neers.iary to state that profiteers who have been caught robbing the people by soiling at higher
than the prices fixed by law have
heen subjected to exceedingly small
fines—generally a couple of dollars.
But persons flying the Red Flag are
gaoled for six months without the
option of a fine. And what Is mors,
thay are treated as ordinary criminals, not as political prisonors.
California   Secretary   Is
Charged Under Syndicalism Law
Oakland, Cal. — Prosecutions of
individuals under the criminal syn
dlcallsm law have reached a turn
ing point in Oakland. After being
out 72 hours, the jury, trying Jab.
H. Dolson haa hopelessly disagreed,
and Judge Qulnn dismissed it. On
the final ballot, the jurors stood 6
to 6.
Dolson is secrotary of the Communist Labor Party in California.
defended his own c»se. The evidence
used against him was precisely the
same as that employed to convict
Charlotte Anita Whitney and J. G.
Weller, who have been sentenced
to serve from one to fourteen yoars
In prison. All three were tried in
the same court, under practically
the same conditions.
Various witnesses gave testimony
showing that the raids by the police
on the Communist Labor Party
headquarters here were part of a
long reign of terror. Homes of individual members of the party were
entered and soarched, often without search warrants.
Miss Whitney was convicted be-
cause she gave batl for accused
members of the I. W. W., und because evidence was offered to show
that certain members of lhat organization burned some ha.\i.Hacks
several years ago. Tilts same evidence, sworn to by professional
witnesses who receive $10 a day
While under subpoena, was introduced in the ci^irt to convict Dolson, but failed to have the desired
effect upon thc jury.
laundry Workers Unit O, B. V.
At the lasl meeting of this unit,
hold on Tuesday llth, at the O. B.
U. hall, Pender street, there wan a
lively discussion on the new wage
scale presented to the union laundry. Final action was laid over
pending another Interview with the
proprietors of the laundry, ln the
meantime every member of organized lahor was exhorted to patronize the only union laundry In town.
The Excelsior Laundry Is right In
the heart of Ute city, and convenient for a great number of workers
who stay in town. Tills in the only
laundry in the clly that has the 44
hour \veck, all other li.umlries
working 46 and 4S hours. Tt U up
lo tho members of organized labor
to keep this 44 hour week for these
laundry workers, most of whom are
girls and  women.
Take your bundles and drop them
at 556 Bichards street and keep
this laundry working under union
conditions and hours. An appeal
from tho miners of Alberta for
funds wns road to the meeting, and
the unit derided lo donate the sum
of $V0 for this purpose, The taking of the Federatlonist in a body
was again discussed, amj the secretary was Instructed to send in the
list to the office of lhe pftper, rendy
for next week's issue. Tlie next
moeting of tills unit will he held on
May '2 3, O. B. U. hall.
Mwts Wednesdny Night
The Vancouver Trades nnd I>abor
Council will bold Its regular meeting on Wednesday noxt, at 3 p.m.,
in tho new hall, corner of Howo
and Pendor streets. All delegates
are requested to attend this meeting, as Imnart&nt buflinwu wttl ba
Compare the quality with
the price and you reach an
estimate of the real worth
Paris* Bean* p»rk Brown Calf
Shoes, slip solo, extra grade
linings. This is a regular I1-!
lino (or Saturday sailing we
have priced
Patent Leather Slippers. MIsses'
instep strap slippers, good
quality soles.
Slse 11 to 2
> to 1«M 	
i to TH	
75 pairs of Boys' Shoes. Sises
I to 514, box calf grain anil
gun metal uppers. Broken lines
but all sins In the
lot at, Saturday...
Men'; (12
Black K I d,
jil BKick
Elk. H 2
Sne black
velour culf.
Ladles' and growing Girl?
Black Kid and Patent Pumps.
Low heel, plain vamp, trim
soies; ii good looking shoe that
tS^L $5.95
Ladles' 110 Black Kid Oxfords,
Louia heel, plain vamp. ♦».»»
Patent Oxford., Louis heet
Those two Unas at a special
price on &_*1 C_tt
Saturday    VI •*«
IVDalrliig In Paris way Is more otonnmlial and looks
better tlian tbe ysniM meting.  Try ns for results.
51 Hastings West
Direct Importers of
Foreign Woolens
We Oarry a Full
Line of Bannockbnra
and Harris Tweeda .
318 Hastings West
Vancouver, B. C.
Groceries of
Quality Priced to
Please You
Notwithstanding tlie continual advance of foodstuffs,
you'll still Bnd Uie Marketeria
prloea the lowent.
Bur it now while ths pries li
right. Boyal Standard, Robin
Hood and Royal Household.
49-pound tacks AQ AB
Bulled   OaU— Rabin   Hood;   small
.sacks for  47c
SnnwfUkt   and   Wild Rose Paltry
Flour,   10-lb. sst-U  SOc
KHluKK's Cornflake*,  pkg 10c
Ri-indeor Condensed Milk, lin....21c
Raffle Condensed Milk, per tin. 23c
Canned  Peat, Corn and Tomatoes,
special, fl tins  .$1.00
Marmalade,  pur*  orange,   3   llln.
for    45e
Fancy White Figs, 2 lbs. for...46c
Prunes, nice and large, 2 lbs 46c
Brown Malt Vinegar, bottle ...10c
Salad Dr<>snluft, per battle from 200
Sun Maid Seeded Raisins, pkg,.,20c
Malkin's Best Baking Powder, per
tia  -....2BC
Kit  Washes  and  Dyes,  pkg 10c
Laundry Soap, 6 cakes for 30c
Assorted Toilet Soaps, 0 cal;es..2Cc
Fresh   Creamery   Butter;   churned
"in! duy and delivered the next;
special.  H  lba t $2.20
Finn   Matured    Canudinn   Cheese,
per lb Sic
Now Laid Kgga. strictly fresh, per
doien  60c
The Homo of Qunlity
Seymour   fltO
Basket Picnic, Ma? 94.
Co-operators of Greater Vaneonver are planning to hold a basket
picnic at Kitsllano Beach on May
24. This place has been choss*
at this time because It Is accessible
not only to the members, but also
to the members In North Vaneoaver, New Westminster and outlying
points. A banners will be placed
at the location around which the
co-operators will hold their plralc.
There wilt be races and prizes for
the kiddies, and all our members
are requested to wear the co-operative colors—green and white—on
this occasion. Hot water will be
provided fnr refreshments.
-  i—ul— in
Eastern IKees
2 Watch Specials
Kaa'l 7-JevtL 14 stae, nickel
silver ease. Made by Waltham C<
Guaranteed.   Postpaid  .$18.6'
Ladies' 15-Jewel, Swiss imminent
silver case, strap, wrist wateb. Ra
ditnn , dial. Guaranteed. Post
paid  $16.00
We save you lhe
I^tailers Profit
North West Jewelry
& Mail Order House
mc   pt.ct or M.rtr Ot-S.lHi
616 IViwkrr W. VfciwouverB.C.
S19 Pender W., V.nconvrr, B. O.
rinulo ..nd m. /our Catalogue He. I
iioi'si: oi' titKto ci.otiii:s—riniNisniNGs op quality
Phone SryiiiiHir '2'A"tO
820 Granville St. Vancouver, B. C.
The J. H. Sweeder Ca
Better materials—Belter make—Better y»lues.   Onr
suits prove tliis I  Let us show you!
Named Shoei are frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable im-
All t—tei without the ONION STAMP ue always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence or the Union Stamp
OOLLIS LOVELY, B.ner.l President—CHA8. h. BAINE. General S.c.-Tr<M.
nression of tv'
—subsjkibe TO—
The One Big Union
Published hy the Winnipeg Central Labor Oounoil
Bead the News from the Prattle Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications to
3. HOUSTON, Suite 2, lliilmun Muck, 23(1 Ilannaljnc Avenuo
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
.-Cascade ia a UNION produce from start to finish.
Peculiar Ending to
Perjury Trial Thursday
(ContimiQusfon page i)
FRTDAY May 14, ]
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmidtnt, V. R. Midgloy;
liee-president, J. Marihall; secretary, J.
R. Campbell; tressurer, J. Shsw; ler-
■eant'ftt-snni, E. King; trustees. W. A.
Pritchard, J. 8. Herson, J. M. Clark, A
2. Wilson. Meets 1st and 3rd Wednesdays eaeh Month at render Hall, Pender
Street West	
ail—Masts    second    Monday   la   tba
Bjontk.    President, J. P. McCoanell; •«-
tsUry, R. H. Neelandi, P. O. Boi Bg.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Loesl ST
•-Meeta seeond and fonrth Mondays,
Pnsldent Jaa, Hastinga; flnanolal secretary and treasurer, Roy Maisecar, Room
118 Labor Tempi*.
Lnmber Industry (camp and mill)
meet with follow workere in that industry. Orgftitu Into the Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of th* O. B. U.   Hoad-
Jiartora, 81 Cordora'St. W., Vancouver,
bone Bey. 7856.	
Meeta evory 2nd and 4th Wednesdays
in the month. Pres., A. J. Wilson. Sec-
treaa., J. R. Campbell, Fender Hall, Pen<
ist Street West. Hoaro, 0 a.m. to 6
pja.   Phoae Bey. 281.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL   UNlUff   No.   220—
MeeU laat Bunday of eaeh month at
S p.m.   President, W. 8, Thomson; vice-
£ resident,  C. H.  Collier;  sec rets ry'treas-
nr,  R. H. Neelands,  Box  80.	
ployeel, Loss) t8—Meets every flrsi
Wednesday In the month at 2:80 p.in,
aad overy third Wednesday fn the month
■t 9 p.m. President, John Cumming*,
aeentnry and business agent, A. Graham.
Offlce aad meoting ball, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Soy. 1681. Offlce hoars, 8
ajn. to 6 p.m.         ______^_^
dustrial Unit of tho One Big Union—
An industrial union of all worker* In logging and construction eampe. Coast District and General Headquarters, 61 Cor-
do?a St. W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone Sey.
7856. E. Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vnncouver. B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar k Chimie, Vancou-
«'■ B. 0.
Association, Local 38-02—Offlce and
hall, 152 Cordova St. W. M»>eti flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Si-cri'Ury.
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Peter Blnelaj r.	
the 0. B. U. mrel In their union hall
at 314 Cordova St. W., overy First and
Third Wednetday in the month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Carlin;
aeeretary Earl Kin*. Plume Hoy. 3688^
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Meets flrst and third Tuesdays of eaoh
montb, Labor Temple, 8 p.m; President,
John Stark; flnanclal secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 687 Homer
Lumber Industry, orient, lue into (hu L.
W.  1.  U. of the 0.  B.  U.    MIDwork-
its'  sections meet an follows:
YftVfOUYer—Lumber   Workers'   hriulquar-
ten, fli Cordova tit. W.   Every Monday
« p.m.
New Westminster—Labor Hnll, cor. Boyal
Ave. and 7th St.   2nd and 4tb Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Framr  Mills—Old  Moving Picture Theatre.  Maillardville.   2nd and -lth Thursday, 8 p.m.
P>m  Moody—Orange Hall,  2nd and 4th
 Fridays at B pjn. _^
ers' Unit of tbe One Big Union, Metalliferous Miners—Vancouver, B. C., headquarters, 61 Cordova Htrect West. All
workers I'ngagoil in this Industry are
orgt-d to join tho Union before it"Ing on
the job. Don't wait to be organized, hut
organl?.o yourself,
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meets second and. fourth
Mondays, Kuom 204 Labor Temple. President, Win. Hunter, B18 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E, God-
danl. eoti Richards Street; recording secretary, J. ii. Russell, \r_a Commercial
Drlvo. Plipne Hlnh. U204R.
ers—You need the Camp Workers of
your Industry. They need you. Org«nfxt<
together in the 0, B, U. Imlutsrial Unit
nf your occupation. DWtgnt s on every
job, or write tbe District Headquarter*,
61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.   Entrance
fee, »I.0(t; monthly tlueii._ll.Oi).	
Pastercrs, I.L.A., Local Union 38A,
Serifs 6—Meots tha 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tho month. Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
President, William Maylor; flnanclal aec-
, re tnry und business agent, M, Phelps;
corresponding secretary, W. Lee. Offlce,
Room 207  Labor Templo.
Employees, Pioneer Division, No, 101
—Meets A, 0. p. Hall, Mount Pleasaa*
1st and llrd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and *
p.m. Pruldent, R. Bigby; recording
sccrn:ary, P. E. Griffin, 447—flih Avenuo
East; troisnror, V. hldaway: flnanolal
secretary nnd business ageni, W. H. Cottrell, 41108 Duinfrlos Street; offlce corner
Prior and Main Sta. Ptoae fair. 1604 B.
on* Union—iteets 2nd and 4th Fridays, SOS Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granville Street; secrotary,
E. T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings St. E.J recording-secretary, L. Holdsworth, C3fl—
14th St. W., North Vancouver.
Provincial Unions
VlofcOEU, »■ Q.
and Labor Council—Meeta irst and
third Wednesday!, Knights of Pythiaa
Ball, North Park Streot, at 8 p.m. Pnsldent, K. S. Woodwsrd; vice-president,
A. C, Pike; aecretary-treaaurer. Christian
Sivertz, P. 0. Box 802. Victoria, B. C,
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every Tuesday in the Mclntyre Hall at 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. members, Secretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 688,
Prince Rupert, B. 0.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Fill for Women, 86
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tha
Scoholl Drag Co., St. Oathailnss, Ontario.
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve end
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build you up. $3 a box, or two for
$5, at drug stores, or by mall on receipt
of price. Th* Scobell Drug 0*., St. Catharines, Ontario.
Man* Flouted
Signs arc not wanting that Mars
has gained little ln prestige from
stampeding the world into Armageddon. In the imall town of Aylesbury, northwest of London, for
example, he was openly flouted.
There arrived in the town one day
a battered, war-worn presentation
tank. It was a picturesque trophy
and a few yoars ago would surely
have bcen received with elaborate
ceremonial and corresponding admiration and awe to deck somo
public pintle In memory of valiant
deeds of sword, bayonet, and bomb.
Not so today, A petition has gone
to the mayor and corporation urging them to remove the gruesome
object from the town because "It
Is a constant reminder of bloodshed." and because "the square is
completely spoilt by this hideous
reliC of war."—Christian Science
Phone Sey, 221     Day or Nlgbt
Nunn, Thomion ft Clegg
631 Homer St.   Vancouver, B. 0.
10 Hastings St. B.
0. B. V. OARD
Patronise Thoi* Who Patronise Toul
Big Ben
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STREET
Pbone Beymour 2137
Wo will I'liihange your seeond hand
furniture for new,   A square deal or
your money back.
tlon that would not be allowed in a
court of justice;" in fact, it "got
to be a scandal," and "went on for
w^.hS *nf} weekg ami weeks."
Judge Cayley said he was glfltl
the matter "ftdl' deal1' incident had
been ventilated and that the statements with regard thereto had "appeared In the newspapers."
This caae was first called in the
police court on November 4—exactly six months before the first
hearing in the higher court on
May 4.
n Magistrate Shaw's court there
were six hearings of about two
hours each, the last being in January. The accused were then committed without the defense being
called on.
The higher court trial has heen
continuous, morning and afternoon,
with the exception of the week-end
recess, and has monopolized Judge
Cayley's court for eight days.
The Deakoff family appeared at
the courthouse on Monday morning, having just returned from thetr
farm in Saakaktohewan for the
second week of the perjury trial.
John Dcakoff is a rather small man
of the worklng-clnss type, with a
thin face and a heavy dark moustache; his wife is a motherly sort
of woman of tho same class, with
honest face and a pleasant
smile; their two grown-up daughters are of a comeliness that at
least gives support to the view that
DourasofC's visits to their former
home on Hastings Street were for
pleasure rather than business.
Went to Sec Girls
John Deakoff was flrst sworn,
nd the general purport of his testimony was that the allegations as
to something in his house were
Whom did Dourasoff come to
visit'.'" he was asked. j
"First time, J think mc," he replied. "After that, I don't know
what he want." j
"Did he come to visit the girls
"I think he come to   meet   the
lt was Dourasoff who brought
Russian papers to his house, anti
read and talked Bolshevism, he
"Are you a Bolshevist yourself
he was asked.
No, slrree! Nothing doing," he
replied. He went on to say that, ln
reference to killing the czar,
wrecking the churches, etc., he told
Dourasoff It was the "same as
wolf—something like that,"
He denied all knowledge of an
alleged revolutionary song suid to
have been found in his house,
saying, "No; 1 never see that,."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "I have no objection to Mr. Goodstone's translation going in, as he Is a proper interpreter."
Judge Cayley: "Did anybody go
and see him?" (Laughter.) The
translation was offered by the defense. ,
Mr. Davis, In cross-examination,
aslfed witness his religion; he replied that he was a Doukhobor.
"What religion Is that?" •
"Believe In Jesus and God."
As he did not seem quite to understand about believing   in   the
Bible, Mrs. Almanofskky, the Inter-
prefer, was told to ask him what
the Doukhobor religion was.
•"That we should not rob one another or trouble one another," was
the reply.
He seemed to be somewhat mixed
up as to the dates of Chekoff's sickness, and finally Mr. Davis soijj:
"He doesn't seem to know anything
about It, and I'm not going to
bother further." Witness knew,
however, that the first sickness
lasted about three months and the
second several weeks.
His young widowed daughter,
Pauline Abiaff, was the next witness, examined by Mr, Wood
through an interpreter, bhe also
dealt with Chekoff's sickness, but
at.one point Mr. Davis seemed not
quite satisfied.
Mr. Wood: "I'm trying to get
her to tell her story."
Judge Cayley: "She's telling It
very well; only—-"
She was quite positive about the
Inability of Chekkoff and Zukoff to
read or write.
In further examination during
the afternoont 'she explained that
the "abusive" letter she sent to
Mrs. Zebek was in reply to onc in
which the latter took objection to
her having previously written to
Mr. Zebek. The trouble apparently
originated out of an invitation to ft
wedding, which Chekoff had been
unable to accept through being very
No iioisfo'vixt Meetings
'To what extent was your house
a rendezvous for » Russian    meetings?" Mr. Wood asked,
You'd better translate that." he
told the interpreter, and then
"Do you understand that yourself?"
Witness's reply was that there
had never been any Bolshevist
meetings ln their house at all.
Sho had seen Dourasoff at the
house "lots of times," and he told
her he came from Blaine Lake,
Sask., and that in Russia he had
belonged to a Terrorist organization. He brought the Russian
newspapers to the house.
What was the extent of your
acquaintance with Dourasoff?" she
was asked. .
He talked to me, and—tried to
propose to me."
In cross-examination, Mr. Reld
asked: "What relation was Chekoff to your husband?"
He was his cousin."
This letter says, 'George Is my
husband's brother,'" Mr. Reid objected.
'It's all tho same," witness replied.
Brother and cousin in Russia all
tho same?"
"They call It 'second brother.'",
"Here it was 'my brother.'"
Witness maintained it waa "just
thc same;' no difference."
"Was he his uncle or nephew?"
"No; brother,"
"Second brother?"
"Yen."       s
Sho said Chekoff was sick at the
time she wrote to Mrs. <£ebek.
That's what mude    him    sick,
wasn't  It—Mrs.   Zebek    bothering
"Yes; she made him sick."
"He caught the 'flu' from her?"
"Whea did she give bim the
*flu'?" -r,r=rp,r
"She didn't give him anything;
but it was cold, and he went to the
station and got a cold."
"With Mrs, Zebek?" w
"Yea." a
Police Wait at 2 a.m.
Coming to the date of lhe aVrests
at the Deakoff house on July 19,
witness narrated how four mounted police came about 2 o'clock in
\he morning and woke up;r the
household, two of tliem taking her
father and Chekoff and Zukoff
away, while the other two, waited
on the verandah or talked to Dourasoff out on the street. Her
mother locked the door, and the
officers again broke in and searched all over the house; they had
potato sacks to carry away their
booty, but found nothing to take
except some of witness's old love-
letters and a dictionary. As to the
"song" which Sergeant Thomas
swore he found there, she said,
"That Isn't true."
Mrs. Deakoff occupied tho stand
during the last hour of the afternoon. She waa so positive that
Zukoff was never called Zuroff that
Judge Cayley Bold; "I'm quite suro
she never heard the name."
"I never saw Chekoff and Dourasoff together," she declared. "I
saw Zukoff there; but I never saw
him speaking to Dourasoff."
No meetings of the kind had ever
taken place in her house; thero
was no place for them. She had
never heard of Porfiry, who was
aid to havo been present when
Chekoff was reading a Russian
paper, etc. She was about thc
house all the time.
Mrs. Dcakoff confined the story
of the raid on her house, and denied that anybody burnt or destroyed papers or anything else
there that night.
Mary's Evidence
It being now late in the afternoon, Mr. Wood asked: "Shall we
start with Mary, or not call her till
tomorrow morning? She's pretty
She proved to be "pretty strong"'
too, when placed on the stand on
Tuesday morning — quick-witted
and quiuk-tongued, and not in the
slightest awe of anybody.
Mary told glibly of how, when
she worked at Kelt's poolroom,
Dourasoff would alt about there and
read and, now and then, take a
bottle of whisky out of his pocket
and take a drink—"and thon he'd
treat Wilson to it too."
"Oh! did you see Wilson then,
too?" asked Mr. Rubinowitz.
"That's not material," the defense at once objected.
She had seen Dourasoff at Kelt's
poolroom very often, but had never
seen the "political meetings. ahd
that sort of thing." \„
"Did you see him wearing anything?" Mr. Rubinowitz asked.,
"He had a button on Ills breast."
she said, an<j she suspected he was
a detective. \q,
As to the Bolshevist talk: and
Russian newspapers at her lporne,
she denied all konwledge of ,anything of the kind. She was .quite
positive about Chekoff's Hlne?s during the winter of 1918 and in March
and April of 1919, and saw Du. Mo-
Alpine at the house, a;. ;
Witness said that Dourasoffl used
to come to see her sister, to whom
he read prohibited Russian newspapers, which he brought with him.
He also said he was a revolutionist.
Mr. Davis here interposed, and
Mr. Rubinowitz said this evidence
was in line with the view that
Dourasoff was an "agent provocateur."
Mr. Davis: "What's that to do
with perjury? Suppose he was
this flne thing?"
Judge Cayley having noted the
objection, Mr. Rubinowitz continued: .
"Tell us what ho told you."
Witness: "He said he' wished
the same things would happen here
as in Russia."
Says Brlbtf Asked fop
Mary also told again about the
mounted police coming in.the night
and taking her father and the others away; and of her subsequent
visits to the Immigrntion Building,
where she made the acquaintance
of Barney Roth. He was friendly with her and her family, and
made a signal by putting up two
fingers, signifying, "That's   all    It
would cost to get those men out.
Mary smiled knowingly as she
said this, and Judge Cayley asked:
"How does she construe it?"
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Oh, well; she
knows now how to construe it,
after later events."
As to the "later events," Mary
told once more of the occurrence
at Hastings Park in exhibition
week, when she and another girl
met Roth with another man. Roth
said, "Come on; I have something
to tell you—something very important."
"So I went with lltm," .witness
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Tell us what
he did and said.'!
Witness: "He said, 'Don't worry
Your father will come out.' I said,
'What about Chekoff and Zukoff
He says, 'Well, if Pauline will give
me 100 apiece'—he'd set them
What happened ?
"I told him they were all in there
for nothing^ 'I know,' he says; 'but
it's all the money game.' "
The girls were going to ride
home on Lhe street car, but Barney
Roth and his friend had a taxi, and
took them along.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "How old are
you now?"
Witness:   "Eighteen."
"Then, you were seventeen."
In cross-examination Mr. Davis
found he had a live wire to handle.
'At the time of the arrest—what
time of the night was it?" she was
'I can't tell exactly. I got up
myself at 4 o'clock and found the
policemen there."
Continuing: "My father knocked at my door and said there was
somebody here to arrest him; he
didn't know what for."
"You slept with Pauline?"
"I slept with my cousin at the
After a little questioning about
the bedrooms, she said there were
two downstairs and three upstairs.
Mri Davis: "I'm talking about
Witness: "I'm telling you about
"Are you quite sure.".
"I'm sure."
After the police had gone out,
she said: "We thought they'd gone,
and wo went back to bed."
"Well, I heard the knock; and
before we could get down they bust
the door in."
"Did you burn anything up?"
"You told Chekaluk that?"
"I never told him anything of
that sort at all."
"You saw this Russian song?" '
. "They showed it me in the police court."
"Was that found there?"
"If Sergeant Thomas say$ he
found that in your house that
"He ain't telling the truth."
At Hastings Park, she Bald, Roth
and the other mounted policemen
were drinking whisky.
"Quite a bit of it, I suppose?"
"They did."
"Where did they get it?"
"At a certain building. Roth
said he had to go and report."
(Laughter.) Roth was in most of
the time.
"Did he leave his friend out?"
"He did that."
"They didn't take any drinks out
of the bottle before they got to the
"No; they had plenty."
"Was Roth very drunk?"        "
"Well, Roth's about the same,
whether he's dcunk or not." (Much
Asked as to how many drinks
Roth had In the car, witness retorted:
"I don't know. D'ye think I sat
there counting his drinks?" (More
"As many as six?"
"Maybe he had more."
"Mildred says-only one. Which
had the most drinks?"
"Well, Roth was pretty full. The
policeman sat closer to the bottle."
Askked.why she had not told
about the 200 at the time of the
enquiry, she said Mr. Reld object
ed to anything mentioned.
"Why didn't you tell Mr. Rubinowitz?"
"I told Mr, Rubinowitz, but he
didn't ask me. He told mo he'd
"About the finger business?
That's something new."
"May be new In your evidence."
"A number of other things new
in your evidence?" /
"There was not."
"Thli button on the breast? Why
didn't you tell them about that?"
"Mr. Reid would object again.
About this revolutionary stuff, we
couldn't get a chunce, I didn't
tell about this button, because it
was no use. There' were more important things they wouldn't let us
Mentioning another man with a
Russian name, Mr. Davis asked:
"Did you ever fry to get him to give
"You went with him to Mr,
"I did go."    .
"Then what happened?"
"He told Mr. Rubinowitz he
wanted to give evidence. Then he
started to talk so fast they couldn't
take it down,"
"Did you teach him what to
"I never teach him ot all."
"Never told him to learn it off?"
"Did you want him to slate that
the Deakoff family had sent him
presents when he was In France?"
"I never did that."
The letter to Mr. Zebek, she said,
was a long time ago. However,
she remembered enough about the
matter to be amusing,
"One thing was—'If Jim wasn't
enough for her, we'd give her Chekoff.' "
Mr. Davis:   "Very fine."
In short, said witness, "We jusl
wrote her a letter about the same
as she wrote; in fact, I put in the
same words."
Of a Russian already mentioned
as asked by witness to give evi-
evldence, Bhe said: "He wrote it
down and read lt off." It was apparently an entertaining story of
"what he knew about Dourasoff."
Later, she said he was "gas-
crazed," and added; "He balled
me out for something, and I
wouldn't speak to him."
Counsel:   "Balled'you out?"
Witness: "Well, he called me
everything." However, "he started
to make it up," and so Mary relented,^
" ProHocutlon Closed
Tuesday afternoon saw the close
of the case for the prosecution,
with the exception of one witness
(Continued on page 7)
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..May 1*. »»«•
Peculiar Eliding to
Perjury Trial Thursday
. (Continued from page t)
[ 642-Graowlle Street-642
Eiti a—Red Kbt Nipped
Red Gulch, Jan. 7.—Tho police
■unearthed  *  hotbed   of   anarchy
Bind Bolshevism here today In a
Braid on a basement below a catsup
Factory.   A widespread Red plot Is
jointed to by the finding of tha fol-
owing articles:
One red appl*
A book on "Raising Red Foxes."
A package of garden seed containing a large photo of a radtoh.
One ripe tomato.
A map showing the Red Sea.
One case of red salmon.
A letter bearing the words, "Dictated But Not Read."
One pair of red carpet slippers.
An auctioneer's flag.
A red-headed stenographer was
jfound hiding behind a copy of the
'Red Book. It is believed she Is the
leader of the Reds.
Ths metaji miners O. B. U. at
Neihart, Montana, voted $50 to aa-
th» locked-out coal minera at
Piledrivers aad Wooden Bridge
men—Fvcry Monday.
Laundry Workers—Every second
and fourth Tuesday.
Trades and Labor Council—Every
Irst and tlilrd Wednesday.
General   Workers'   Unit—Every
seoond and fourth Wednesday.'
Gae Workers Unit—Every second
and fonrth Wedensday.
Marine Firemen — Every first
and third Wednesdays.
All Units meet in Pender Hall,
Pender Street West
Chicago.— May Day' greetings
were sent to Eugene V. Bebs in
Atlanta prison by the National Cooperative Cigar Association of Chicago. Thai organization of co-operators is headed by J. Mahlon Barnes
and is growing rapidly. The meeting at which the greetings were
sent was attended by 400 members
and th* resolution was passed
Members of
YOU will receive the BEST SERVICE
AND FAIR DEALING at the following stores. The clerks in these stores ARE
UNION CLERKS and willing to give you
- a SQUARE DEAL. The proprietors are in
sympathy and harmony with organized
labor; their staffs work under good conditions, and receive a living wage.- The merchandise they buy is preferably made by
union labor and, therefore, is of the best
who was not available because of
the tie-up of the steamers.
I'd bo perfectly entitled to ask
for an adjournment," said Mr.
Wood; "but 1 don't think any ot
us want that."
"No," promptly agreed • the
It was arranged that this witness's evidence should be admitted
later. It is not to introduce any
new matter.
The defense opened with ' the
calling of assistant license inspector
P. Marion. Chekoff was produced
In court and placed standing Just
behind the witness box, with
stripling in red-and-yellow standing on guard a yard to his right.
He stated that he had seen Chekoff before, when he came to the
City Hall to transfer his poolroom
license to someone else.
Mr, Davis, presenting a document: "This is what you refer
Witness: "Tes."'
Proceeding, he testified: "I asked Chekoff tn,; sign it. He said he
couldn't write it' In English. I
said, 'Write lt ln Russian; and be
signed it."
Mr. Davis:    "Who signed that."
Witness: * "This man here."
Mr. Rubinowitz:   "When was this
matter brought to your attention
Witness: "About ■ two months
m "Almost a year since the transfer was made?"
"I don't suppose you kept a mental picture of this man?"
".Yes, I did; because of some peculiar circumstances."
"Doesn't    it    appear    rather
scrawl than a signature?"
"I couldn't tell, myself,- what tt
was; but I know it was the name of
the man who had the license."
It was stated that Chekoff was
accompanied by three men—one a
lawyer. Witness also said he had
seen Chekoff in the poolroom.
Mr. Davis, re-examining with regard to the transferring of the license, asked:
Did Chekoff have nny appearance of illness at that time?"
Witness: '.'Well, I don't remember."
Witnesses from Saskatchewan
The second witness waa James
Eilson, bursar in the University of-
Saskatoon. He said he had known
Dourasoff since July, 1917.
"What opportunities had you to
know him?" he was asked.
Mr. Wood at once took exception,
and there was an argument as to
what kind of questions as to character, etc., were admissible, but
there was disagreement as to Its
meaning, Judge Cayley remarkklng,
"I don't know what it means.'"
After further argument, Mr. Wood
again put it up to the judge, who
said,v"Oh! I don't know, That's
the authority we have."
Witness stated that Dourasoff
was working on the .experimental
farm and took one session at the
university. He started a second
course, but did not finish it. He
left in January, 1919. Hfe used to
come to the ofiice to pny his accounts for board. "Witness stated:
His character Is good—as far
as I know."
Mr. Wood:    "Were you brought
hero to give evidence In this case—
for this particular?"
Witness:    "Yes."
"Did   you   know  Sergeant  Wilson?"
The Only Union Hardware
Store in the City
J. A. Flett 329 Hastings Street W.
Gents Furnishings and
John Rickson..
Claman's Ltd...
Geo. B. Kerfoot...
.820 Granville Street
.153 Hastings St W.
.... ..Hastings St E.
Thomas & McBain. 655 Hastings St E.
Robinson's Upstairs Clothes Shop	
 .441 Hastings St. il.
C. D. Bruce. —_401 Hastings St W.
J. N. Harvey. .127 Hastings St. W.
Foster & Co 514 Granville St
Wm, Dick Ltd. 33 Hastings St E.
10 Sub. Cards
Ui.od for ono year's inbxorlptlon to The
B. C. Federation 1st, will bo mailed to
my addroHi la Canadft for |17.50.
(Good anywhere ontside of Vincotm.r
city.) Order ten todty. Remit when told.
"Was Dourasoff Joined to the
mounted police?"
"He left the university. I don't
know what became of him."
"Did you have anything to do
with him in a social way?" Answer:    "No."
Miss Helena Alice Ward, also of
Saskatoon, knew apparently still
less about Dourasoff, and was very
hesitant In answering questions at
all. She had known him as a
pupil In English for two months,
and stated that his character for
honesty and veracity was "good."
Cross-examined by Mr. Rubinowitz, she said she knew nothing of
Dourasoff's antecedents, and had
not visited any of his friends or
Did you know   Sergeant   Wilson?"
You don't know that Sergeant
Wilson was his sponsor—brought
him Into the mounted police-
vouched for Dourasoffs charac
'You don't know of Dourasoff's
activities in Vancouver?"
"Know Kelt's poolroom?"
"Know Denkoffa house?"
"You don't know what things
Mr. Dourasoff may have done then,
or what he may have saw?"
Witness hesitated so long that at
last Judge Cuyloy broke in with:
, "You don't know anything about
Dourasoff, do you?"
Witness:    "No."
Arnot J. Coles also knew Dourasoff at Saskatoon, as they were both
at the univorslty thore. His character for honesty and veracity was
"very gffod."
Mr. Wood:    "Did you come here
from  Saskatoon to give this evidence?" -
Witness:   "As far as I know,"
"Do you know anybody in Saskatoon who could give better evidence
about him?"
"Stronger—know    more    about
"Not as far as I know."
"We have evidence    here   that
Dourasoff was quite a ladles' man.
Was he that in Saskatoon?"
"I -wouldn't say so. I didn't
think he would associate with the
Witness Chagrined
Inspector   Alfred   Hynes,   chief
sanitary inspector for the city of
Vancouver, said he    had    visited
126 *% Hastings Street at least once
a month, and sometimes more. He
once went to investigate   a   water
leakage there and notified tha proprietor.
"This man?" he was asked.
"Ho hadn't a beard,"   he   said
(Chekoff had now a day or  two's
growth on his chin)—"but this is
the man."
Proceeding, he sai'fc tlie proprietor was rather abusUc.   "He spoke
pretty good English then." Thel
place was used as a club. He recognised the pictures of the place, but
had never seen the table cloths or
other details. He had forbidden it
being used as a restaurant.
He added: "I didn't know he
was the proprietor then. He was
tbe man who came forward." The
occasion was about February, 1919.
Mr. Wood: "The man you gave
as proprietor you said was a dark
Witness: "Pretty well-built. I'm
pretty well-built"  (rather excited-
"Just tell us In   plain   English.
Don't get excited about It"
"All right."
"You said short?"
"No, sir; a stout, dark man."
"Tall or short?"        \
"Medium height."
"What do you mean by medium
"Five feet eight."
"You're medium  height,  I suppose?" *
"I'm five feet eleven."
"You'd call yourself a tall man?"
Counsel then quietly placed witness and Chekoff side by side, and
Chekoff showed an Inch or two the
taller. Witness was evidently
'shell-bhocked" from this time on,
and his evidence went all to pieces.
'Call Mr. Dourasoff," waa the order at 3:40 on Tuesday afternoon,
and Mr. Dourasoff was called.
Examined by Mr. Davis, he said
he came from Petrograd and left
Russia when he was 20 years old,
having previously been In the Russian army for 12 months. All the
people In the Russian army spoke
Joins Mountles,
He had been on a farm In 6as
kaktchewan; then a: the University
of Saskaktoon till January, 1919,
when he Joined the mounted police
as secret agent at Reglna. Subsequently he went to Hillcrest, and
came to Vancouver in February,
1919. His special business here waB
to "look after agitators" among the
"foroign element." He never wore
any* badge or button; it was
"against our rules."
At Kelt's poolroom he heard
"certain reports" about the Deakoff
house, and went there "to see if 1
can get any Information about the
people." After that he went quite
often. He had no difficulty ln talking with Chekoff and Zukoff in the
Russian language.
"They speak Russian language
better than 1 speak English," he
Ho never went to the Dcakoff
houso on the day of the arrests, but
visited 126% Harris Street. and
gave his information ta the sergeant.
In going through the particulars
of the perjury alleged, the opposing
counsel again disputed as to the
correctness of the transcript, which
mentioned Chekoff as reading a
Russian newspaper, Mr. Davis
claiming that It was-a mistake for
Mr. Rubinowitz: "We say it was
not a mistake. It was an afterthought."
Judge Cayley: "Give me that
stuff before the immigration department."
The "stuff" was handed up and
he snid:   "What about it?"
Mr. Wood: "That's the perjury
Ju,dge: "In other parts of the
evidence, he certainly qualifies that
statement, and practically withdraws It."
Mr, Wood:   "I've read It."
Judge:    "Then why do you in
Mr. Wood:    "I haven't insisted
yet, your honor.   I haven't said
word.   I've boen interrupted."
He pointed out that in the part
at issuo, the charge was against
Chekoff, where It wa^ "perhaps
some good saying Chekoff was reading."
After more discussion, Mr. Wood
further pointed out:
'He doesn't say that was a mistake—the obvious thing' If the
stenographer had made thot slip."
Dourasoff: "I say that Porfiry
was reading this article, I swear
that," He also now re-affirmed his
other allegations in detail.
Wednesday morning opened with
a statement by Constable Warren
that Chekoff was in the police
court.on March 26, 1919,
"Was there  any appearance  of
Illness about him?" he was asked.
Reply:    "I don't remember; but
so far as I can remember, I didn't
seo anything wrong with him."
Dourasoff was then again placed
on the stand. He said the signature on the license transfer was
Russian for "Georgo Chekoff."
He had never been a Terrorist.
While In Vancouver up till July
19 he didn't know Roth was
secret sorvico agent, and Roth
didn't know he was.
He never wrote to Decteroff at
John Deakoff asked him to
translate the Russian "song" Into
English, to be published in the
"Red Flag," but would not allow!
him to take it away., This was in
the  dining room.
Mr. Rubinowitz then started his
cross-examination, which occupied
most of the duy.
"Do you know what veracity is?"
Witness seemed at a loss.
"Do you know what lying is?"
"When you told people your
name was Tarasoff, you would call
thnt a lie?"
'That was -not my name."
'Ever    go    under    any    other
"When I stay at a hotel."
"And with other people?"
'Were they women?"
"What?" (In evident alarm).
"Were they women?"
"We'll   come   to   that   another
time.   Any other name?"
"Sand off."
"I had Instructions not to put
my right name."
"When you were with the Deakoff family you were living a He?"
"On account of my duty?'
"Paid for it?"
"Same as you are."
"Yes, but I don't tell lies for
pay."   (Laughter In court.)
'  "When you were acting as a good
and true friend of theirs, your were
living a He?    Getting information
to do them injury?"
"It was my duty to get information as far as I can,"
"Do you drink?"
"dot drunk?"
""Get prescriptions, do yonT"
:.")From a number of doctors?"
"Only one, I think."
"What building?"
"Another at eorner of Main aad
;;Tou swear that?    I'll.gin yoa
tile name."    (Shows a paper to
."I'know that doctor,"
"&et prescriptions from him?"
':''#ell, I might."
''You won't swear?"
1 ,fWell, I might have."
■>Won't you put it stronfcar?"
■i"i know the man."
/"And one at the corner ot Robson and Granville?'
"No." (Further examination
along same lines.)
"Were you ever at Victoria?'
"Yes." i -
"With other Russians, you visited
woman, and wanted to stay behind with ths woman   while   ber
husband was away?"
"It's not true."
"Made a, scene. Got put ent Had
the husband arrested as a Bolshevist?"
Counsel mentioned the name, and
witness admitted he'knew it.
"Didn't   you   say   ha   brought
newspapers from Seattlev
"He was acquitted?"
. Counsel went on to suggest why
the matter wa& hushed up by the
Immigration officials; but Mr. Held
made an uproar;
"It's enough to blackguard Dourasoff, without blackguarding the
immigration board," ho pretested,
"I happened to be the party to that
—any reflection on the board Is a
reflection on myself."
Mr. Rubinowitz; "Tou don't
know what Mr. Lyons said.1
Mr. Reid: "I do know what Mr.
Lyons said."
Mr. Rubinowitz then asked Dourasoff if he had tried to get * man's
Wife to live with him,
. "Never." ■™-B^^—
-Counsel then mentioned tho same
and Judge Caley said:
"Are you able to substantiate
Mr. Rubinowitz: "I certainly
could if I'm allowed."
,#r.. Davis indicated that he
wouldn't be allowed.
Mr. Rubinowitz:    "Do you know
the Popoffs?"
.   "Yes."
"You saw him here the other day
and thought he was going to give
evidence, you asked him to meet
you at the C. P. R."
. "| don't remember."
!j'jon did not go to visit Alexandra and stayed for hours at night?"
'Were you ever arrested?"
'NJb." ■
'Charged made as to your moral
"Did you teach at Blaine Lake?'
i°*)id you teach at Princo Albert?"
i' (♦'Where did you teach?"
'*"■!■_■ never teach,"
.•'"©id    you    teach    Doukhobor
girls?" , "■
,?.fft was not official teacher."
v-iUWere you asked to give up your
job^because of your immorality?"
■ VNo." t
"Were you ever charged In Prince
Albert in  connection  with  a woman?" ,
"In Vancouver?"
"Not charged at the police court
irt Vancouver?"
"Last summer, lh August
.    "Charged by a Serbian that you
and Wilson went to S41 Hastings
street and made a row and said:
'We want girls?' "
"That's not true.''
Judtfe Cayley:   "Was there a con.
vtctlon?"   Mr. Rublnowlts:   "There
was    an    acquittal."      (Laughter
among accused and their counsel.)
■Judge Cayley:   "Do you suppose
I believo one word of charges?"
Mr. itubinowitz: "I-can't help it,
your honor If you don't."
(To witness)     "Wasn't your explanation at the police court that
you wero looking for Bolshevists?"
"What was your explanation?"
"He said:   'You stool pigeon, you
get out or I'll fix you'."
"Which ono was that?"
"Sergeant Wilson."
"Weren't you acquitted because
you or your counsel mnde suggestions the man was a Bolshevist?"
* "I don't know."
"Did you go to the O. K. rooming
house and  insult the wife of the
"Try to kiss her. and flash your
badge when sho called for thc
"No: that's some story," (smiling).
"You didn't speak to Mrs. Shane
or tho girl?"
."You didn't hear the next day
that Mrs. Shane and Fanny wont to
the police court, anfi you went to
her nnd asked to bo forgiven
"I don't know anything about
"Did vou ever write to her?"
'"Ever see that before" (handing
a latter).
'•r don't recognize this."
"Will you please write, 'My darling,' first?"
Dounisoff wiites.
"Next, 'I love.'"
"Oh, write a little more spontaneously! 'I like very much if you
will be my wife'?"
Judge Cayley: "You want him to
write U all?"
Counsel: "I want this exhibit,
your honor."
Judge: "You wAnt to put something before me which "
Counsel:   "I want a sample of hts
■ jlidge:    "You've got enough.1
Mr. Rubinowitz    (to    witness)
"Tou lived In Blaine Lake."
Witness:   "Five months."
"Where Is Blaine Lake?"
"North Saskatchewan."
"Anybody hore from Blaine Lak*
to speak as to your character?"
"I know some porsons."
The questions then dealt with the
matter of passports or certificates
of character from Russia. Witness
hnd nono to show; he did not remember about Chekoff's and Zu-
koff's; Butaeff's certified good
character, "so far as I can remember,"
"And loyal?" Witness* memory
didn't seem to function well here.
"Ever seo Chekoff with a red
"No." t .
"Zukoff."      V-
"Deakoff I"
"No." ,\
"Butaettr        t
Judgo Cayley: 1 wish you
wouldn't go very far la this."
"Was Chokoff orer arrested or
eonvlctod for being a member of
the Union of Russian worksite?"
"Don't know,"
"Don't know."
"Deakoff or Butaeff?"
Don't know."
"You were a detective   How did
you never find out?"
"It was out of my duty."
Witness was equally uninterested
about Porfiry's   second   namo   or
.whereabout, although ho had roported him as a "sympathizer;" also
about others at the "meeting" in
the Deakoff house, which, on Judge
Cayley's suggestion, ho   aald   i
"not an official meeting, but just a
gathering." , Ho never heard anything about a returned soldier boing present.  Ao te the other Russians, he "never saw them again."
Mr. Rubinowitz:   "Can't you givo
us any particulars about them, so
that we could bring them here?"
Witness: "One was short"
Counsel:   "Not an unusual thing
for one to bo short"
Dourasoff said ho took part tn
the Bolshevist talk, >rofesstng to
agree with It.
"So you were tolling a Hot" he
was asked.
"If you wish, you eaa call it a
lie?" he granted.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Oh, yes; I prefer to call it a He."
Continuing:   "Tou wern't Interested tn the girls at all?"
"Didn't drop In at 10 or 11 at
night when the parents had gono
to bed?"
"Never at IS o'clock, to far as I
can remember,"
A little later, 'Mr. RublnowiU
suddenly called his attention to
lady In court. Ho bad seen ber, ho
admitted, but denied he had written
the letter to her. -   -
As to the women at the Deakoff
house, he said: "I never give my
evidence against women."
He could not bring a single person to corroborate his allegation
about the distribution of newspapers in Butaeff's pool-room.
"It was not you business?"
"My business was to find out
agitators—proper agitators."
Neither did he know the names
of any who received the papers.
By an apparent slip of the tongue
he said: "I was very careful to
find out nanus."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "So careful
that you got no names?" (Laughter).
Mr. Reld, however, corrected the
mistake. Witness evidently meant
he was careful to avoid suspicion.
He had not tried to find who sent
the papers from Seattle, nor even-
to have them.censored at the post-
office, although he knew they came
by mall.
Deakoff wanted the "song" published in the "Red Flag" because it
would be "good for the Red Flag."
Judge Cayley:    "A very natural
Mr. Rubinowitz (smiling): "If
tt ever happened, your honor,"
Judge: "It was found by tho
mounted police?"
Counsel: "Wo suggest it was
left by Dourasoff."
Dourasoff had attended Socialist
meetings, but did not tell them
about it at the Immigration department. He was not a "real socialist," though he joined the S. P.
of C.
Mr. Rubinowitz:   "A political socialist?    You    know    what   'that
Mr. Davis:   "I'm sure I don't."
Mr. Rubinowlt?.:   "Read the Red
Book, Mr. Davis."
To witness: "Did you agree to
adopt the principles of the*S. P. of
C. Were you a socialist at the
Mr. Davis: "What is a socialist?
I object to tho question."
Judge Cayley:    "There    are
many definitions.   I guess we're all
The discussion apparently amused the audience. Dourasoff Nald
he joined the party to find out what
the principles were. They didn't
ask his opinion. Ha helped to distribute the "Death Train ot Siberia"
under instructions from his superior officer not to refuse.
Coming again to Dourasoff's professions of acretment with the
Bolshevist talk, Mr. Rubinowitz
"They were lies, then?"
"They believed me," witness replied.
'"What is theriy In the wide, wide
world, in the way of documentary
evidence, to corroborate the fact
lhat they were Bolshevists or revolutionists?"
Judge Cayley again expressed
Mr. Rulienowlts (repeats):
"Whnt documentary evidence Is
Dourasoff (appealing to the
judge):: "ivrlups you not recognize my hardship. I was supposed
to be friends."
Mr. Rubl^owltS! "The evidence
at the Immigration station against
those four men was statements they
had mado to you?"
Witness: "I found It out."
Judge: "I'm not trylnn this case
which has already been tried by the
Immigration bourd. This churge Is
Counsel:     "Is there   nny  single
Russiun newspaper-you can produce
tbat was found In Butaeff's poolroom?"
Witness:    "No."
"Or found ln possesion of Che
"I don't know."
"Or of Zukoff?"
"I don't know."
Mr. Davis volunteered tho information: "Wo are going to produce
the search party,"
Dourasoff was further asked lf he
ever tried to become a member of
tho prohibited organization.
"They say they don't keep official
office and meetings," he replied.
"Did you evor try to join?" he
was again asked.
"They wero not looking for new
members," he replied this time.
"Why did you not get the 'red
books,' etc."
"There were no red books last
"Don't you know that Barney
Roth aald he saw theso men with
red books?"
"I don't know that."
(Continued on pp«e 8)
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FBIDAY.. May i,,
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Btop and think it over, fellows—just how much this union label
In the pocket of a Suit means to you. The Clothes being equally
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don't you think it gooil business on your part to wear Union-
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Then, there Is another side to the question. We have carefully
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we guarantee these Union-made Clothes to he equal—and in some
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$50,0110 pit Week for a King Who
Employees $15 a Week
London—The refusal by King
Qeorge to pay the men on his Scottish estates a wage of $1[» a week,
has led interested students of the
royalty problem to draw up the following little table:
King George's workmen are refused, per week, $15:
We pay King George, per week,
Ho pays his dozen "dependents,"
per week, $1S,G»G.
For workmen, $15 a weok ls
too much.
Por 15 royultles, $69,325 a week
ls required.
And $15 today Is worth only $$
pre-war valuo! .
A number of new applications
have been received from the railroad shopmen at Revelstoke. At
the present rate the C. P. R. roundhouse at. Revelstoke will soon bc
100 per cent. O. B. U.
A locul unit of the O. B. U. Is
being organized at White Hoivse,
Yukon Territory.
The metal miners at Sandun and
Silverton went on strike on the 1st
of May, asking for ?1 a day increase, and the company to furnish
all blankets. Since then they have
come to a settlement with one of
the operators for u GO cent per day
increase, and the company agrees
to furnish blankets. The rest of
the men in the district are still on
strike, and determined to remain
out until at least an equally advantageous agreement Is arrived at
with the other companies.
As a result of Tom Cassidy's
visit to Chicago,-over 1500 O. B. U.
membership enses have bcen shipped to that city during the laet
Comrade Hoey, who was for
somo timo active in the Itubor
movement In this city, and who
left for Calgary last fall, Is leaving that city, in search of the elu-
isive Job. Robert Burns has heen
elected to succeed Hoey as secretary of the Central Labor Council
of Calgary.
A general workers unit of the
O. B. U. has been organized at
Prince George, B. C, and is making
rapid progress.
Six more O. B. TL shop cards
hove been ordered for Princeton,
B. C. Princeton has a record of
having more 6. B. U. shop cards
than any other town of double lt'.<
Tom Mace is organising the
paper workers at Port Frances,
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Russia Is First Country to
Properly Care For
Its Sick
(By the Federated Press)
New York—The cure and protection of women and children is
onc of the fields In which the Commissariat of Sociul Wolf aro of tho
Russian Soviet government link
been most active. According to a
comprehensive report just received
here, the work already accomplished along the lines muy be summarized as follows:
Under the provisions for health
Insurance workers who are incapacitated as a result of illness, accident, etc., receive support until tlie
time of their recovery In the
amount of tlieir previous earnings.
Tliis applies to expectant mothers
| during a period of eight \veeks
after confinement, if they perform
physical labor, and six weeks for
all others.   Free .medical treatment
| before and after confinement is assured, and also free assistance by
midwife and physician during confinement,
A special section of the commissariat for the protection of mothers
and infants has established homes
and asylums for prcgngant women,
where the expectant mother can
live lhe last weeks before confinement and obtain special Instruction
j In the cure nnd feeding of Infants.
I Several of the old fashioned girls'
schools have boen converted Into
"Palaces nf Motherhood,"
in comparing the fourteen points
wilh the trcitty, one Is reminded of
one "f tlio witticisms of I'Ycderlek
the Great. At the time of tbe first
partition of Poland, Maria Theresa
professed to have scruples about
It. Tho cynical Frederick said of
her: "She wept, but ahe kept, on
Ask your grocer if his clerks art
ln the union?
Peculiar Ending; to
Perjury Trial Thursday
(Continued from page f) (
"Barney.Roth said they were asking people to Join."
"I don't know. Since 1911 they
haven't had any meetings."
Judge Cayley interrupted tb* examination:
"This afcain has nothing to do
with the case."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Then tt dWn't
exist.   All this evidence is a myth."
Judge:   "Well, suppose It is?"
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Then his evidence is false."
The judge still suggested it might
have been given "in good faith" before the immigration board.
'You didn't join?" counsel perflated.
"I wns the same as actual" member," Doufasoff replied. He didn't
kww anything about the membership fees, however."
"Did you ever say at the immigration station that the-membership fee for men was more than for
"Did Sergeant Wilson say that?"
General chorus of protest:
Witness.had never seen Deakoff,
Chekoff, or Zukoff present at tho
"secret meetings;" he . had enly
been present twice himself.
As to the general strlke.he said,
Deakoff was quite disappointed
with the way it went It was "not
strong enough;" he wanted it "the
.'.ame as in Russia."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Is there any
single thing which corroborates
that they wanted this revolution?"
Mr. Davie (facetiously): "Ever
know.his to shoot anybody?"
Mr. Rubinowitz: » "Was this distribution of newspapers going very
Mr. Davis: "Going a very long
ways, indeed; and for which people
should be deported."
Judge Cayley once more remarked that he could not try the immigration casefe over again. The question for ,hlm waa "whether these
men gave their evidence truthfully
before the board."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "My cross-examination Is directed towards that."
The judge thought there was
"much very irrelevant."
The cross-examination at the afternoon session was along similar
lines, only more bo; at one point
Judge Cayley assured Mr. Rubinowitz that he "would not *vfldc
through it," Mr. Rubinowitz remarking:
"I shouldtthink your honor would
want to get the facts."
Counsel touched on various local
matters In conjunction with witnesses relations with women., etc.,
leading to investigations byidetec-
tives, etc.   Then he asked:
"Were you ever charged with
white (slavery—a criminal offence?"
"Never," witness replied.
Mr. Rubinowitz then suddenly
presented a telegram just received
from the Saskatchewan police and
intimating thnt Dourasoff hadibeen
In the tolls at Radlson, aa suggested.
"Read that telegram, and tell
me if you deny those statements,"
counsol ordered, "Look at that
telegram and tell me whether the
statements are true or false?"
"That's not true," witness replied
after reading.
Defending counsel and Judge objected to the Introduction of the
telegram, but witness had to admit
thnt he had been at the place mentioned and that he had not known
any other Alexundra Douasoff living there. After further opposition
by counsel and judge, he was forced
to admit he had been charged as
stated, but It was dismissed.
"There was then a charge against
you and a cose at Radlson?"
Judge Cajley (to counsel): "I
ask you If this thing hasn't gone far
enough. We've been going over
this phase an hour now."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "It isn't a photic,-
your honor; It's perjury."
Dourasoff waB then dismissed
from the stand, hiB cross-examination having occupied about three
Following Dourasoff came Bernard Young, a young man with auburn hair, who paid he was the
driver of the car mentioned in the
exhibition incident. He briefly con- i
tradicteil previous witnesses in some
v Next, two young mountles ln uniform, Constable Frank Flala nnd
Sergeant II. H. Jepson,    followed, j
suit.   Their evidence was brief.
Then Mrs. Zebek, already mentioned in connection with certain
correspondence, was brought to
discredit Chekoff ajid Zoukoff. In
cross-examination she admitted
that her husband wab an Austrian
and hod left her; further particulars of her private life, she objected
to having brought into the matter.
Barney Roth's examination was
begun late ln tne afternoon, but the
main part of it took place on Tuesday morning. Roth's bearing was
that of a person who knew he was
perfectly safe; and though some
very plain contradictions were
brought out in his evidence, he did
not seem to worry, nor did Judge
Cayley appear to be impressed by
the discrepancies or by various
matters affecting Roth's general
For instance, the judge was contemptuous of the prosecution "ac*
cusing this gentleman of graft" and
keeping the court occupied with "a
picayune thing about who bought a
pair of boots," He declared impatiently:
"It doesn't amount to shucks.
The whole country's'full of graft."
In istriking contrast to Roth,
came Sergeant (Inspector) C. W.
Thomas, like a breath of fresh air
Into a fetid atmosphere. He was in
charge of the raid on the Deakoff
house, and unswered questions
frankly with regard to the articles
found in tlie four hours' Bourch,
admitting spontaneously that he
was not certain on matters of detail
In connection therewith, "As a
matter of fact, I'm more on the
soldiering, end," he explained. Ho
was a fine-looking gentlemanly fellow, and seemed to feel himself
quite out of place in such a dirty
mess. He "beat It," the moment
he got the chance.
The old atmosphere returned
when the last witness of all stepped
Into the box—a man with a bald
head, a yellow moustache, and a;
shirt of tlie same color. His name
was given as Wiatkin, and hte language was Russian, Mrs. Alman-
offsky acting as hie interpreter.
The burden of his song wasfcto the
effect that -Sam Decteroff had told
him he was going to the police
court to give, evidence for the "Bolsheviki bunch" because his life had
beon threatened If he didn't. There
was much depute as to the admissibility of his testimony; the argument was to have been taken up
again in the afternoon, and also the
man's cross-examination. The abrupt ending of the case, however,
prevented this, as well as some expected rebuttal evidence whioh
would probably have proved very
Young   TVople-V    Organization    Is
' Bin*)- with Arrangements
for a Dance
Friday, Jflay 28 is the date of
the next whist drive and dance, to
be held In aid of the Winnipeg defense fund. Tlie affair tills time
will be held in the Cotillion Hall,
corner of Davie and Granville
streets, under the auspices of the
Junior Labor League. With the
summer weather approaching, it Is
altogether likely that this will bo
the last defense fund dance for a
while, and that olher eventfe of a
different kind will have to be staged to raise funds during tho summer months. Tlie young people
announce that as tickets are being
printed just to the capacity of the
hall to avoid overcrowding, tt will
be wise to make sure of a ticket.
The tickets are 25c for ladles, and
fiOc for gentlemen. They can be
obtained at The Federatlonist office. The refreshments will be on
solo. Good prlzfls are being given
for the whist drive, and all indications nre that success will attend
the young people's efforts on behalf of the defense fund.
At the educational meeting of the
Junior Labor League last Friday
-evening, two debates were on the
programme. One of the debates,
"Resolved, that people should wear
overalls to reduce the cost of clothing," provided more amusement
than anything else, thc decision, of
course, going to tlie negative. The
affirmative won the other debate.
Thc announcement was made that
the next, meeting would be held on
Friday, May 21, at 7:30 p.m., in the
club rooms, 52 Dufferln street west.
This is to be the monthly social
meeting, and all young people will
bc welcome.
for style and quality
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
American Consular Agent
Says His Lurid State-
i ments Were Lies
Milwaukee—That he had never
actually seen the Bolsheviki commit any atrocity, was the admission
of Joseph Ray, American consular
agent in Novonlkolaevsk, Siberia, In
an interview here.
Ray said that his lurid statements of Bolshevist "murders and
terrorism," which appeared ln local
capitalist, papers, were based almost entirely on hearsay and
In reply to a question as to
whether the Bolshevist revolution
was sanctioned by a majority ot
the people in Petrograd, Ray said:
"It is true that Lenin and Trotsky seemed to have the support of
the majority of the people. But
that was because the people wanted
to own the land and factories
He predicted Bolshevism in Japan beforc long, stating that there
was. widespread "labor trouble"
thero during the pust few months.
' ''The attack of the Japanese on
Siberia will probably result In the
union of all contending elements,"
he said. "Yes, the Bolsheviki are
the strongest element, so it means
support to them."
Asked about the Bolsheviki he
met while serving as consul in Siberia, he acknowledged that they
had been universally courteous and
He said that Bolshevist "terror-
tarn" has been becoming milder of
late, and concluded his interview
with this statement:
"One good thing the Bolshevists
have done Is to make their motto,
'If you n»ant to eat, you must work.'
They are actually enforcing the
Secure Increased Wages
and Better Working
(By  W.   Francis Ahearn)
Special Representative in Australia.
The new agreement secured by
the miners of New Zealund from
their employers, and whicli comes
Into force from the beginning of
last March, is national in scope. It
makes provision for the varying
conditions in different mines, cm-
bodies the principlo of minimum
wages in bad places, Increases
wages by 50 per cent, on pre-war
rates In the case of contract miners,
and 60 pel' cent, on pre-war rates in
the case of wage hands. In short
the mon have secured almost everything they set out to attain.
A wet place is defined as meaning a place where a miner has to
work in more thun three inches of
water, or where a miner is wet
through water dropping on him
from the roof. It is agreed tiiat
four cents per ton in addition to
ordinary hewing rates shull be paid
for two-shift plaees, namely,
where tlie day shift is followed by
an afternoon shift, and the men
work in the feame faces, The same
extra rate of four cents per ton
shall also bc paid to miners working on tlie buck shift, although
such places ure uot double-shifted.
In double-shift places 36 cents per
yard extra yardage shall be paid.
Day wages men working on afternoon or night shift are to be
paid 12 cents above the rates paid
to them on day shift. When miners
are required to drive broadth width
through pillars, solid tonnage rates
arc to be paid, and when required
to drive narrow, any width up to
12 feet, solid yardage and tonnage
rates shall be paid.
Tools and light required for ti«>
in the mine are to be supplied by
the owners at cost price, and explosives are to be supplied at present prices. Better conditions ure
also laid down regarding trucking.
Tho hours of work are lo remain
as at present, and there Is to be
oktra pay for work done on Sundays or holidays. Overtime is to
be at the rate of time and a half
for the first three hours, and double
time thereafter. Drinking wnter Is
to bc provided handy for men, in
each section-of the mine. Men appointed deputies are to carry out
any men injured, who will be paid
for the time lost. In tho case of
fatal accidents the men may ccjisc
work for the remainder of the dny
on whicli the uccident occurs, while
lt shall also be lawful for nils the
mine workers lo cease work for
one other day to uttend tho
funeral of. tlieir deceased comrado.
The award provides for preference to unionists, but no worker Is
to be debarred, providing he Joins
the union and is a fit and proper
person to engage hi mining. Disputes committees aro appointed for
each mine, with a National Disputes committee to settle all matters referred to lt from the mine
committees. The ngreoment ls to
remain In force for one year.
Generally speaking, the New
Zealand miners can be said to have
secured a big victory from thc coal
bosses in thnt country.
The Leckie
Street Oar.Men Almost Secede
The Street and Electric Railway
Employees Union of greater .Vnncouver recently took a referendum
vole of Its membership to secede
from the international.' The result
was tallied last Saturday und found
to be 35G for and 18!t ngninst, with
three spoiled ballots. As it required
a two-thirds mnjority to decide the
action nnd ns this number was toil
short; thc union will liave to earr>
on uftder Its old chHrler until such
time as some of the 183 rise to
the occasion and break from lhe
reactionary A. 1>\ of Ii. The union
decided to continue to subscribe to
the Federatlonist fol* ils entire
membership at the new rates.
Pass the Fedorationist along and
help get new subscribers.
A work shoe that
will stand up under
any kind of wear.
Built to fit, on a 1	
good looking foot form last, oomes in black Bo3
Calf or Brown Oil Tan. Solid leather through
out A shoe that we can guarantee.
"Your Store" co-operated
between "Man and Man"
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd,
33 Hastings Street East
that we arc at last, once more, able to give you scrvier
and can now again take your orders for real Tailor-Made,
of highest grade at economical prices. The disastrous fire
at 128 Hastings East completely.disorganized us for many
weeks. Now, however, we're going good and strong again
and as our present expenses are very small wc can quote
you prices that will pay you to come these few steps out
of your way to see us.
rreteiu Temporary Address
342 Hastings East
(2ml block East of Main—Under  llazelnood  Hotel)
Anniversary of
C. D. Bruce Gets
Some New Suits
The expressman came in with a great case full of
.new stuff—hot from tlie tailor's pressing irons.
They're thc newest ideas—two-button, double
breasted, peaked lapel, hell sleeve, cut; like a shirt
cuff—really right suits for young men.
Another model has yoke and half-belt with an
outside ticket pocket—lots of good looks.
C. D. Bruce
Successor to Jonah-Pratt Co.,


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