BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Nov 15, 1918

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345515.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345515.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345515-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345515-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345515-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345515-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345515-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345515-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345515-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345515.ris

Full Text

Array THE BRITISH  COLUMBIA  FEDERATIONIST
nroUBTMAL UNITT: 8TBENOTH
TENTH YEAR.   No. 46
TEN PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVEB TBADES AND LABOB COUN JIL, AND B. C. FEDEBATION OF LABOB
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 15, 1918 /
POLITICAL UMITT: VIOTOBT
GORDON. I. KELLY
******
******
******
******
IS LAID ID REST
A MORE sincere and striking exjS^ftn of regard for a dejjd
comrade could hardly have beeinHned than was accorded to
the remains of Gordon J. Kelly, late pre^Htt of the Longshoremen's
Pacific Coast District Council, whose fm^PPfook plaoe at Vancouver
on Wednesday afternoon. In a pitilessly cold and drenching rain,
hundreds of local comrades walked in procession through the town,
in front of the hearse in which his body was carried to Mountain
View cemetery for burial, after taking their last look at his well-
known features as he lay in his oaken casket in the Longshoremen's
Hall. It was only a week ago that the "Fed." had to announce with
regret that he lay seriously ill of influenza at Seattle, and expressed
a sincere wish for his recovery; within a week he has been laid away
in his long homo. As he was formerly president of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council and had many friends here, it was decided
that this should be his resting place; and thc body was accordingly
brought over by thc previous night's boat.
Tho long procession was headed by
the band of tho local Musicians' Union,
under direction of Bandmaster Ed. Cox,
which played tho "Marseillaise" as a
slow march, and also Chopin's "Funeral March" and Carrio Jacob Bond's
"Tho End of a Perfect Day." From
Main Street, tho journey to the Mountain View comotery was made in autos,
a vast numbor of which were requisitioned. At the gravosidc the Bev.
Father O'Boyle, after tho conclusion
of th'e '"-atholic service, spoko briefly as
follows:
"Tho deceased was woll and favorably known as a man who had do-
voted his lifo to the causo of _ Labor.
Ho was fair-minded and in consequence
thought well of by all classes In the
community. May you follow his examples in your discussions. As a
Catholic priest, I urn gratified that ho
found consolation in his last hours iu
tbe smirch. May his soul rest in
peaco."
Mr. JamoB H. McVoty, formerly
president of thc B. C. Federation of
Labor and tho Trades and Labor Council, at .the request of the oxocutivo of
tho Longshoremen's Union, spoke briefly nt tho grave.   He said in part:
"It was my good fortune to be a
closo personal friend of tho deceased in
addition to having tho privilego of
working with him in many enterprises
for tho advancement of tho causo of
Labor. Our friend's offorts wore not
confined to tho cause of the Longshoremen—or to tho causo of the workers of any city, province, stato or
country. Ho had by his ability become
an international flguro in tho field of
Labor and aftor filling tho highest
offices hero moved to a larger field of
endoavor. It would bo presumption
on my part, having regard for tho
health of this audienoe, for mo to tnko
up timo in this storm dilating on the
many virtuos of the doconsed—tho presence of suoh n vast nssomblago speaks
more oloquontly than I could possibly
do of thc esteem of his fellow workors.
"Ho came among us without ostonta-
tntion and unblessod by any of this
world's goods. He worked untiringly
in tho interest of his own craft and
others whero his counsol and assistance
wore desired. It may bo of interest to
somo to know that he has gono os poor
in this world's goods as ho camo, and
that his last words, evon in travail as
ho approached the last barrier, wero
of his uncomplotod work. He lenves
us with a host of warm friends who
will koop his memory green nnd endeavor to carry on his work.
"Ho often exproSBod tho boliof that
at least half of tho onorgy of those in
tho movemont was wasted on inconsequential matters and in potty jonlous-
ios. May wo not tako unto oursolves
on this occasion his advico and resolvo
to still tho viperous tonguo of Blander
and malico—to seek out the virtues
rather than the faults of ono another
and strengthen tho bonds of fellowship to thc end that we may unitedly
moot and boIvo tho problems so likely
to preaent themsolves in the near
[future. If this could bo accomplished
by tho death of our friend or any of
us thon those deaths would not be said
to have been in vain."
Tho casket with the mortnl remains
was lowered into tho grave by eight
pallboarerB, President E. Winch of tho
Central Body, Pacific CoaBt District
socretary I. L. A., M. E. Wright, J. H.
McVety, A. S. Wells, secretory-treasurer B. C. Fedoration of Lnbor, A. Beid,
iT. Nixon, J. Naylor of Victoria, and
,T. Bjorklund of Taeoma.
Tho floral tributes were so lavish as
to fill two auto trucks in the funeral
procession. They were made up in various designs, cross, wreath, anchor, harp,
brokon wheel, shiold and gate-ajar, and
ull bore expressions of regard from the
ponders. One came from the Interna
tional Longshoromon'fl Association ut
Buffalo, one from tho Pacific Coast Dis
trict I. L. A., ono from tho Vancouver
Trndes and Labor Council, and anothor from tho B. C. Federation of
Labor. Numerous others wcro from
locals of tho I.L.A., including Scuttle,
Vancouver, Taeoma, Victoria, Pugot
Sound nnd Portland. Others wero from
Transport Workers, Teamsters and
Chauffeurs, V. C. Stevedore Company
(David Baird), J. Coughlan & Sons, E.
Cowdell.
Among those present from outside
points wore: M. E. Wright, Pacific
Coast District secretary, Seattlo; F. A.
Wick, secretary Local 38*36, Seattle;
P. H. Bennett, socrotary Local 38*42,
Seattle; A. C. Hill, secretary Local
38*3, Tacomn; Fred P. Krugor, treasurer Local 38-A1, Tncomn; .T. C. Bjorklund, vico-prcsidoiit I. L. A.; J. Taylor, district vice-president I. L. A.,
Seattlo; W. H. Hardy, secretary Pacific Coast District 38-A2, Seattle; Sydney LincB, district vico-president I, I..
A., Beilingham; W. H. Webber, secretary Local 38*12, Seattle.
Besides tho members of the Longshoremen's Association, and tin! members of the Auxiliary, many trades
unionists from thc vnrious crafts attended, as wcl las officers of the B. C.
Federation of Lnbor, the Fodorated
Labor Party, of which Bro. Kelly was
presidont, and many friends. J. J.
Coughlan* Ltd., shipbuilders, was represented by Mr. Oliver Phillips; Mr. Martin represented tho C. P. B., and the
Vancouver   Cartage   Association   wns
also represented by Mr. Groso of tho
Mainland Cartage Company. Mr. Malcolm J, Beid, superintendent of immigration, was also there.
Very few men in the Labor movoment in Vancouvor havo had greater
respect shown to them than was shown
to G. J. Kelly, not only when alivo, but
after death. Ho fillod many important
positions in tho Labor movomont in
tho city, and honors wore crowded
upou him all through his career in the
movement. Ho has hold the position of
president of the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Counoil, and on the formation
of the Federated Labor party last
January he was elected president. In
adidtiou to these positions ho was
business agont for tho locnl Longshoremen 's Association, and during hiB
term of offico was eloctod to tho secretaryship of tho Pacific Coast District
Council, aud later wus olected to the
presidency of that body. In addition
to these positions he lms also held the
posfion of international vicc-prcsidont
for somo littlo time. Porhaps thc greatest tribute that has boon paid to him
was the number of times ho wos elocted
to servo tho Longshoremen's organization, and any man that could servo that
organization, which is looked upon as
onc of thc most progressive on tho
continont, for tho longth of timo that
Bro. Kelly did, must havo had both
ubility and sincerity.
Tho Lnbor movement hns lost very
heavily from tho influenza, but tho loss
of Bro. Kelly will be ono that will bo
folt, not only for his ability, but for
his genial kindly nnture. A staunch
friend, an honorable opponent, his Iobs
is a vory hard blow at a time whon
"men" are so badly needed in tho
movoment.
Laundry Worken Btrike Fund
Previously  acknowledged  $7289.85
Gas Workers   20.00
I. L. A. Auxiliary  270.00
Boiler Makers   250.00
Butchers   100.00
I. A. M,, 777   100.00
Blacksmiths   50.00
Barbers   25.00
Sheet Metal Workers   50.00
U. B. of C. (Coquitlam)  150.00
Shipyard Laborers   100.00
Pnttcm Makers  40.00
Shipwrights   125.00
Sheet Metal Workors  50.00
U. B. of C. (Victoria)  50.00
Oil Refinerv Workors   25.00
I. I,.' A. Anxilinry  100.00
FBED. KNOWLES,
Secretary-treasurer.
Thc following amounts have been
contributed diroct to the Laundry
WorkerB Union, und consequently hnve
not appeared in tho list published by
thc TradeB and Labor Couneil:
Boilormakcrs, Vancouver $550.00
Musicinns, Vancouver     50.00
Mr. Cassidy, Vancouver     5.00
Anonymous, Vancouver      7.00
Sont through Tho Federationist..      .50
Street Kailwaymon, Senttle    50.00
Bakers, Seattle       5.00
Jewelry Workers, Seattle    10.00
Waiters,  Scuttle       10.00
$087.30
SOME   COMPARISONS  THAT   ARE
EVIDENT   AND   ODIOUS.
1 am competed to read some newspapor, bo 1 rend tho I.os Angeles
"Times." Here are a few samples
of what I read:
A large headline: "STOKES WO*
MEf-T SENT TO PEISON." I read
the despatch under the headline and
discovered tho "Stokes woman" has
not been Bent to prison.
The Los Angeles city council
passeB an ordinance abolishing billboard advertisements which deface
the city. The billboard corporations
refuse to obey the law, and flnnlly
the city authorities decide they need
not obey lt. This appears under the
headline: "PEACE PACT ON
STREET SIGNS."
The Western Union Telegraph company defies the United States gov-
ernment, refusing to accept the decision of the War Labor Board. This
Is placed under the headline: "TELEGRAPH COMPANY DEFIES UNION
I.ABOR." ' A few days later comes
the news that the telegraphers' union
is threatening to strike because of
the company's attitude. This beare
the title: "TELEGRAPHERS' UNION
DEFIES  GOVERNMENT,"
The question I nsk myself 1s tills:
How many (5f the readers of the
Times are as feeble-minded as the
Times believes?
—UPTON   SINCLAIR.
II
The Late Oordon I. Kelly
OF
CAPITAL CITY DIE
Bros.  J. Bradley and E.
Ferguson Buried on
Wednesday
Two prominont membors of tho Victoria Local of tho Longshoremen's Association wore buried on Wednesday at
Ross Bay cemetery in the Capital City.
Thoy wero Joo Bradley and E. Ferguson. Bro. Bradley was an earnest
workor in tho movemont, and hold thc
position of president of his local for a
considerable time. He was also a
dologato to the contral body, and could
always be relied upon to tako his share
of^the work. Bro. Bradley fell from
the dock into the harbor and pneumonia resulted, which later caused his
death. Bro. Ferguson was well respected and a good trades unionist.
Tho Iosb of tho two members will bo a
blow to tho longshore workers of Vic-
toria.
Sick   Committee   Is   Kept
Busy With Flu
Victims
F. Hoover Goes to Spokane
in Interests of the
International
The Street Railway Employees
have lost another of their members,
Motorman Brother W. V. Jones, who
died at the Selkirk hospital of influenza on Monday last. * His little
daughter Gwendoline died a few days
previous in an adjoining ward. He
leaves a wife and three other ohlldren who are slowly recovering from
the same disease.
Pioneer Division 101 has been doing all that Ib possible for its slek
members and their families.
Tho sick committee, composed of
Brothers W. A. Cottrell, F. Hoover,
F. Haigh, J. Sidway, J. Hubble, J.
White and Jos. Davidson, have visited ovory ono of tho 80 mombors on
the sick list and everything possible
has been done to help tho sick brothers and their families, and all the
serious cases are being visited systematically and reports turned in to
the bnsiness agent. The Division has
been fortunate ln having the assistance of Bro. H. S. Schofleld, super-
Intendent of the St. John's Ambulance Association, who has been un*
tiring in this work and his practical
knowledge has been at the servico of
the committee during the whole of
this epidemic.
The executive on Monday, November 1 lth, adopted the recommendation of the committee re financial
assistance to some members, and
passed a vote ot thanks for their
work. The latest reports re sick
members follows:
Cnn. Sydney Wybprne, doublo pnou-
monla, confined to bed and now pro-
nounced out of danger. Progress due
to good nursing and clean living.
\V. Pierce, barnman, pneumonia and
chronic bronchitis, Selkirk hospital,
reports out of danger, but bronchitis
troublesome. Mot, Joe Graham, pneumonia and capillary bronchitis, improving but still in bed, voiceless due
to inflamed chords. Mot. Alex. Wilson, been very sick and family all
down, but making progress, though
will not be out for week or 10 days.
Con. H. Urookall, double pneumonia,
now convalescent. Con. J. Greenam,
influenza and rheumatism, family all
sick. This brother's condition is dls-
tressing. Con. Chns. Smith, convalescent, receiving good attention. Mot.
Manlprlce and family. This brother,
though not fully recovered, resumed
work yosterday, his wife is Btlll vers*
weak. Mot. Midlanc, has now been
pronounced convalescent. Mot. Tom
Seolt, at King Edward hospital, improving. His wife is at the same
hospital, slowly recovering. Mot. Jos.
Griffiths at the General hospital;
pneumonia followed by pleurisy: successful operation on Wednesday; condition still very grave, but the doctor
Is of the opinion that he will recover.
The barn nnd shop men have takon
up a Joint subscription to aid O. Jackson who has lost his wife and he
himself Ib slowly convalescing from
pneumonia, and to aid the widow and
children of W. F. Crosse. The Division and the barnmen have handed
the total amount over to the sick
committee for distribution.
Brother A. Hoover haa gono to
Spokane on International work and
President W. H. Cottrell is acting as
business agent.
Meat Cutters and Butchers
In the ovont ef the ban on public
meetings being lifted, a meeting of the
above organization will be held on Tuesday next at 8 p.m., in tho Labor Tomple. Mombors aro requested to govern
themselves accordingly. A good deal
of important business is awaiting tho
flrst moeting ,and it is important that
all membors attend,
tta VtacMMtv
v ottr. -H.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAB
The Late Joseph Bromiield
PURCHASE OF PAPER
The   Westminster  Gazette
Makes  Caustic
Comment
The London "Chronicle," which
hitherto could dispute with any the title of being the leading organ of Liber
alism in England, has been bought.
The "Westminster Gazette," another
well-balanced organ of Liberalism,
says: "The sale of a newspaper cannot be considered on the same lines
as that of a butter business, as men
who can command millions have learned how they can sway public opinion."
That is saying it gently. It means
that men of millions can, and do, buy
up public opinion. The "Star" assumes
that it has been bought up in the
Lloyd Qeorge interest, and is a portent of an approaching election- That
is about as ugly a stab at the Premier
as could be made. Tt means that, not
content with having the full cry of
the whole Jingo Press, and of many
another kind, to shout for him both
in clubland and at the docks, he has
taken the German method of manufacturing opinion by using the power
of money to seduce a paper thnt dared to criticize him. The public will,
no doubt, wait to see what course the
bought organ takes. The new ownership, of course, declares, as is always
done, that there will be no change in
principles. That is because the thing
bought is not the business but the
readers, and the whole study is not to
•scare them away. If, however, it
should come into the English people's
heads that the Premier, or any body
for him, has attempted to rob an In*
dependent class of opinion of its
voice by ham-stringing its organ, we
should expect, if we rightly judge the
'English nature, that it will do him a
good deal moro harm than good. It is
not likely, however, that that will appear. One paper suggests the "ubiquitous Lord Beaverbrook" as the purchaser, and no doubt expects to see
the "Chronicle" added by degrees to
the Northcliffe clique; whose support
holds Mr, Lloyd, George, who is extremely conscious of the value of press
opinion, in bondage.» Speaking generally, no one who has the people's lib
brtlea at heart can fail to concur in
the view of the National News when
ft calls thc transfer a disquieting assault on the influence nnd Independence of the press,
Late   Business   Agent   of
Shipwrights' Union
Buried Tuesday
The news of the death of Joe Brom-
ficld, late business agent of tho Shipwrights of Vancouver, which occurred
last Sunday, will be received with regret by organized Labor. Ho was
born in Great Britain of Irish parents
about 40 years ago and achieved an
international reputation in Labor circles. He was tho secretary of the Durban Trades and Labor Council in 1891
and had previously occupied a similar
position in Johannesburg.
The San Francisco trades unionists
will remember him as tho financial secretary of the Amalgamated Society of
Carponters in that city in 1912. Ho
was hold in high esteem by all who
had the plcasuro of his friendship and
his place in the movoment will bo hard
to fill. He was buried on Tuesday
morning in Mountain View cemetery.
Civic Employees
The conciliation bonrd appointed by
Mayor Gale has unanimously recommended a raise of 50 cents per day nil
round, with an eight-hour day for
bridge tenders. To un in tors aro to receive un increnso of 75 conts por day,
in ordor to bring thom Unci with other
teamsters in tho city employed by pri-
vt.to firms. No date as yot has boon
fixeu for tho increase to tako offect,
and tho matter will not bo settled until
tho city council meets again.
Island Miners
A convontion wus held lit Nanaimo
on Monday and Tuesday of this wook
with representatives or organized
Lubor from oach of tlio Island mining
camps.
Considerable business was transacted
und there is every indication that tho
Vancouver Island miners intond to koop
ahrenst of tho times in the reconstruction period that is at hand.
"I.ubor unionism is justified by its
accomplishments. It hns olovatoa tho
workingman's standard of living, lms
given him highor Wugos, more loisuro,
Bator working conditions, incroasod Ins
efficiency, diminished accidents, averted diseaso, has kept tlie childron
school and raised tho moral tone of
tho home. It is unbecoming for a non-
unionist, after reaping nil its bonots
with union labor, to denounce it,"—
Rev. J. C. Armstrong, Suporlor, Wis.
KNEW NO THEFTS
Incas   Had   a   Communal
System of Society and
Knew No Crimes
Apropos of tho present difficulties in
which civilization finds itsolf, historians aro calling attention to certain
interesting facts disclosed iu the will
of Mnreio Scrra, Spnnish conqueror,
who died in Cuzco, Peru, in 1589: "Tho
Incas governed in such a wuy tlmt in
all the land neither n thief nor a
vicious man, nor a bnd, dishonest woman was known. The mon nil hnd honost nnd profitable employment. The
woods und mines and ull kinds of property were so divided that each man
know what belonged to him, and thoro
woro no lawsuits. Thc Incns woro
fonrod, obeyed, und respected by their
subjects as a race very capable of governing, but we took away thoir laud
and placod it under llu* crown of
Spain, and made thom subjects. Wo
havo destroyed the people by our bud
examples. Crimes wore onco so littlo
known among thom thnt nn Indian with
100,000 pieces of gold and silver in his
houso loft it open, only placing u little
slick across tho door ns the sign that
tlio master wns out, und nobody went
in. But whon Ihey saw we placed
looks and keys on our doors they understood that it wns from tho four of
thieves, and when thoy say Hint wo
hud thiovos among ns thoy despised
us.''—Const Soanion 's Journal.
IBROMRELD A
OF '"FLU"
STRIKE ORDER
i
FOR REMOVAL OF
Resolution Sent by Execu
tive Committee to Federal
Government
So Wires President Moore
of the Trades
Congress
That thc roeent attitudo taken by
organizod Labor towards tho "No
Striko Order-in-council" has had an
effoct ia vory evidont, by thc information convoyed to Presidont McCallum
of tho B. C. Fedoration of Labor by
President Moore of tho Trades Congress.   Tho wire is as follows:
"Ottawa, Nov. 13. 1918.
"D. McCallum, President Britiah Columbia Fedoration of Labor, Van*
couver, B. C.
"Anti-strike order repealed this
afternoon.
"Two othor orders amended making
usq of prohibited languages now possible under certain regulations,' by otherwise legal organizations. Ban also removed from Social Democratic Party.
Will send more details after seeing
full texts of these amendments, acquainting affiliated unions by mail."
Boilermakers
Bros. McEcheran and Moore are baok
from thoir trip to Seattle where they
attended tho District Couneil meeting,
at whieh the shipyard awards wore discussed. It is understood that a delegation is being Bent to Washington to
appeal tho Mavy award.
is iHToe
OR IS IIR10R?
DUNN ELECTED 10
Billy  Was  Vice-President
of B. C. Federation of
Labor in 1914
The roadors of the Fedorationist will
bo greatly surprised to hear that W. E.
Dunn has boen elected to the State
Legislature of Montana. He waa the
editor of the Butto Bulletin, published at Butto in tho interests of the
minors, and a few months ago was indicted for publishing statements whieh
tho ruling class objected to.
Tho brothers hore will recall tho fact
that ho was vice-president of tho B. O.
Federation of Labor during the rears
1914-15. '
He waa business agent for the Electrical Workers for some time and afterwards an organizer fer the same body.
Ho ia well known as a fearless lighter
and his career will be followed with interest by his Canadian friends.
STRIKE IS SI
IN EFFECT
Employers   Still   Continue
Efforts to Break
Ranks
Will Also Be Sent to AH the
Central Bodies in
Dominion
At the mooting of tho executivo of
the Trudes and Lahor Council Inst
Monday ovoning, the following resolution wus passed, and forwarded to the
Foderul governmont, and it will bo sont
to nil Trados Councils in thc Dominion.
Whereas, the collapse of thc Gorman military machine has mado possible the democratizing of thc territories
formerly known iih the Central Empires;
"And whereas freedom of speech, of
press, etc., uro integral parts of all
constituted democracies;
'Therefore, bo it rosolvod, that we,
the members of, the executive commit-
too of the Vanoouver Trndes und Labor
Couneil, request the Foderul government to raise tho bun on such papers
us muy have fnllen under the censor-
ihip, nnd that this resolution be forwarded to nil Trades und Labor Councils throughout, tho Dominion."
Moving Picture Operators
In event of tho "flu" bun being lift-
il there will ho a regular meoting of
this  local   on  Sunday   morning ut  11
o'clock in the Labor Temple.
Marino Firemen and Oilers
Wc rogrot to record the death of Bon
Clifford, of the Marine Firemen nnd
Oilers Union, which took place on Tuosday last The decooHod, who lived with
his parents nt .151 Tonth avonuo enst,
was only IM years of ago. He was well
known nnd universally respected. His
death wns duo to tho "Flu," complications following the attack. He was
buried by the brothors on Thursday.
First Peace Rumor a Hoax
—How About the
Last?
Is thc war overt
On Monday night, while the Vancouver '' peaco *' celebrations were at their
noisiest, a contingent of 45 men of
the Machine Gun Section arrived from
Toronto by the Canadian Northern
Bailway. They at once marched
through thc city to the C. P. B. pier,
and embarked on the night boat for
Victoria, thoir ultimate objective being
Siberia. Others arc to poin them at
the end of the week.
An innocent bystander asked one of
tho boys their reason for going to Siberia, now that the war was over. "OhI
Bolsheviki, I guess;" came the ready
reply. Another question as to thc
length of their stay elicited a surmise
of "about two years."
In tbis connection, the recently pub
lished statement of Sir Goorgo E. Foster, Ministor of Trado and Commerce,
is not entirely without interest. He
says thnt thc commission to Siberia has
chiefly in mind the giving of aid and
assistance "in export nnd practical
ways" to the people of that y at-to-be-
exploited country. And he adds that
wtho country is not now und probably
will not for u very considerable time
bo open to the usual methods of
trnde."
Our lirst '' poaco'' declaration; u
wook ngo, was afterwards allowed to
hnvo been tho "greatest hoar of modern times." Thoro are sume who appear fo doubt whether oven thc big
elebrntion on Monday wus not' also u
little premature.   Time will show.
Organiser Watchman Here
Organizer A, Watchman of fhe U. B.
Curpenters has boen in town during
the woek in connection with (ho work
of his organizntion.
No Apologies Needed
Liko • othor peoplo, printers arc
afflicted with all tho ills that ordinary
mortals suffer from, nud if the pnpor is
a little lato this issue, bur readers
should remember this fact, and appreciate thc offorts we are putting forwnrd to givo thom the bost lnbor
paper on the continent.
IS
CIGAR MAKERS
MAKE   PROGRESS
Support of Local and Union-made Products Win Win the
Strike
Now York city will shortly he one
of the best organized towns in
America. At present 1500 members
of the Cigarmakers Union uro out
for the closed shop. There are 20,000
cigarmakers in Greater Now York.
Boston has 2.'100 mombors. There i*
not n nonunion cigarmaker in tho
state of Massachusetts. Wo wish thai
condition prevailed In Quebec. There
uro 2000 non-union cigarmakers -in
Montreal- We can empty some nf tlieir
benches by refusing to smoke Montreal
cigars. If tho cosl to the consumer
was less by patronizing Montreal goods
thore might lie some excuse for doing
so, but thoro is no difference to the
consumer, tho union and non-union
cigars rotnil at tho sumo price, Tho
wholesale houses nnd tho retail men
grab off the difference botwoen union
wnges und cheup non-union wages.
There Is Nothing That Can
Stop   a   Financial
Smashup
The death-knell of capitalist production hits sounded. The prolcttirlint is
moving consciously in ils own interost.
For the first time in tho world's history
man is becoming conscious of himself
as the decreeing factor in social evolution. The Russian revolution came
like a bolt from tho blue. The Czar
und his gang of sntiliios were hurled
into oblivion, and now wo soe thc clean
and compile destruction of tho military caste uf Central Europo. What is
coming next? If Marx is correct, we
nre on the verge of flnanclal catastrophe, tho liko of which the world hns
never known. The Capitalist clnss has
been piling Up millions during this war.
The profits (hoy have mude slugger fhe
imagination. Wo nre beginning now to
tnlk of trillions, but whnt -docs the
woalth consist oft Where is il T Simply figures, that's all. Imaginary quantities to bo made good if the proletariat
can continue to be protably enslaved.
The working class can no longor be employed to produco things for sale. Tho
market, is gone, now thai the wnr lms
slopped. The munition plants, etc., will
soon be so much junk. The woalth of
tho capitalist is uon-oxjotont. He possesses bits of paper with figures upon
thom, but tn make the slaves produce
for him goods thut he cnn soil in tho
markets of the world for sufficient to
reulizc interest on the figures, is beyond
Cascade Workers Quit and
Join With the
Union
The situation ln the Laundry Workers' Strike ta atlll unchanged.   The
only laundries in the city that wee
being operated by union labor being
the Canadian and Excelsior Laundries-
All klnda of methods have been adopted by the employers In their efforts
to break the ranks of the strikers, but
without avail.   Letters have been aent
to some of tbe strikers, in other cases
messengers have been dispatched to
their homes, In the endeavour to get
them to return to work,   ThiB line of
action doeB not fit in with the press
statements of the employers to the
effect that they have all tbe help needed.   The following Is a copy of a letter sent to one of the strikers:—-
"Vancouver, B. C,
"Nov. 7th, 1918.
".Miss Edith Hills,—
"1 understand that you desire to return to work. If such is the case,
phohe me at once, and I will arrange
to see thnt you can get In and out of
the plant safely. Several of the strikers have returned, hut I will not have
places tor them all, as I have nearly
as many us I need now.
"Very truly,
"(Sgd.)    W. F. PAYNE."
This letter evidently came from the
Cascade Laundry. And fn view of the
fact tbat four of tbe laundry workerB
at this laundry have left the laundry
during tho last week, this is evidently
one of the methods adopted to secure
help. That tbe effort was a failure
goes without saying.
The local unions ure meeting the
situation, in so far as finances nre concerned, In a very creditable manner,
as the list of donations published In
nnother column will show. Tbe support of the different unions Is very
much appreciated by the strikers, who
realize thc difficulties the local unions
arc coping with owing to the ban on
meetings.
Thc Laundry Workers are making
arrangements for another dance, and
as soon as the no-meeting order Is
■rescinded tho committee that has the
affair in hand will make full announcements.
Oppose Private Yards
Reynolds' Newspapor, London, England, Opposes the plan for the government to ubundon its shipyards und turn
Ihis industry to private miuiugemeiit.
In support   of  Ihis  poStlon  tho  edilor
says:
"There  lias  not   been  one striko in
the (loyal Dockyards during tho wnr."
Labor demands protection from un*
healthful or dangerous working COItdi
tions, becnuse thoy manifestly causo
cruel und wanton injury to the work
ers, and are a needless sacrifice to Iho
livos and welfure of many men 10 the
greed of a few,
him, If the slave nover moved in his
own behalf tho destruction of capitalism would slill lake place. It is prop-
pod up now artificially, and its downfall will bo sudden nud complete. We
want men now who possess vision, men
of constructive ability and of determination and courage. Tho working men
of thc world will sond tlieir representatives to a conforonco at tho conclusion
of peace ,and it will bo these imlividu-
uls and not the representatives of tho
mnster clnss who will decide the future
of the human race.
The transformation of society is now
about to tnko plnco, and the forcos of
evolution are moving majestically onward grinding to powdor the potty
schemes of plunderers and politicians.
The toiler is taking possession of the
earth. The mnslor clnss cun use the
press ,lho pulpit, the powers of the
state and all Ihe forces it al present
controls to hold back the proletarian
tide. Ii will mak« no difference. In
(his age and general ion il has been decreed by all the economic forces on the
planet that tho working class shall
| henceforth be the only cluss in human
society, that the useless element shnll
bo transformed from parasites into
producers. PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY November 15, IMS
THE FIRST UNION CIGAR STORE
IN VANCOUVER
The Mainland
Cigar Store
The Place for Pipes
310 CARRALL STREET
Before buying a pipe look for two things: First, the Union
Card in the store window; second, be sure you get value.
If you find tlie Union Labol you will most likely find yourself-at our place on Carrall Street, and if you do you will lie
sure to get value for this reason:
If you pay 50 eents or more for a pipe at the Mainland
Cigar Store aud it does not give you satisfaction, bring it back.
Can anything be fairer?
I.L.A, CIGARS—Union made, iu Vancouver, still tlie same
price   3 for 25^
If your dealer does not handle them tell him where he can
be supplied.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE-310 Carrall Street
ANNUAL MIDWINTER
CLEARANCE SALE
NOW GOING ON
This entire $100,000 high-grade stock of MEN'S APPAREL
selling at extraordinary reductions.   Save a fourth to a third.
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUR DOLLARS
ARNOLD&QUIGLEYf
"Uhe Store thats always busy"
546Granville St. 546J
IN OUR 1MB
EXTRA RENT
UFSTAIRS CLOTHES SHOP
DO NOT  SHOUT  INTO  THE
TELEPHONE
Spenk with your liji.s close to the
mouthpieoo; that is the whole secret
of successful telephoning. There iB
no neod of forco whon you talk into
tbe telephone. Speak in an ordinary
toii|> and every word In heard (lis*
(Inolly.
B. 0. Telephone Company, Ltd.
Boilermakers Unite
Oroya Harbor, Wash.—Boilermakers
at thia placo havo organizod and affiliated with tho bona lido trade union
niovoniont.
Polishers Raise Wages
Trenton, N. J.—Wages of metal polishers employed by the Jorden L. Mott
Company havo been increased to GO
conts an hour for day workers on an
eight-hour basis, time and one-half for
overtime and an incrcaso of five per
cent, for pieco work. Pieco work conditions will bo improved. The new
ratos establish a minimum of $34.50 a
week for timo workers.
Fred Hewitt Is Appointed
Washington.—The appointment of
Prod Howitt, editor of tho Machinists
Journal, as successor to the lato Thomns
J, Savago, to act as alternato on thc
National War Labor Board for William H. oJhnston, president of tho International Association of Machinists, you like it or not, you will be swept in.
"SSSE*
fEDEBATIONIST
Stopl    Look!    Listen!
Editor B. C. Foderationist: Rojoico!
The victory is wonl Tho war is all
over. The thing is done. AH wo now
huve to do is to sit right down and
wait, aud "Freedom uud Democracy"
will drop into our lup from Heavon.
All the things that arc uoeded for thc
welfare of human happiness and progress will fall at our feet like a shower
of roselcafs carried by a summer wind.
But look, what is this? In tho east
t risos, it is rolling on. It is tho tidal
vavfi of revolution, destroying, tearing
down, thrones and old institutions,
sweeping before it everything that
stands in its way, ou, on, on, it rolls
with relentless force. Will it sub-due,
slow down and settle iu a playful ripple when it reaches our coast? Or, will
it pile high against the wall of re-1
uetion, overflow and break it down and
deluge our fair land in a sea of blood?
Only Ihe futuro may tell, but in the
meantime it is necossury that wo should
get ucquninted with ourselves, for the
stanuy days in tho not distant future,
shull need men, fur-sighted mon,
men with stout heurts and clear brains,
with unfaltering courage aud
dauntless souls, with high ideuls, able
stand unwavering for freedom and
mocracy, for light and truth, to the
bitter end, even unto death.
The human race is made up of four
classes, although in our day only two
loom up and overshadows tho others,
owing to the fact that one is about
to step out to loave room for the other
to step in. Those classes arc the
priests, tho nobles, the merchants and
the labor. In tho courso of human evo-
lutiou it is necessary that each of
those classes should rule in order that
the human race might progress. So
wo seo from history that the ruling
power passes down from onc class to
thc other in duo course. Thc Roman1
Church had at one timo tho supremo
power, tho church lost it, to thc feudal
lords, they in their turn passed it -down
to thc merchants that class now stands
in turn to hand it on to labor. When
yon replace your old houso with a new
and better one, beforo you lay the
foundation you must first clear tho
building site of all thc old rubbish that
you cannot use in the new building. In
the rcbuildiug of human society tho
same law holds good; every visible
thing on earth carries within itself tho
seed of itB own destruction; tho earth
itself will disappear, nothing but
change endures. So the old order of
society must pass, must .lose its ruling
power before a new onc can be safe in
its own development, or indeed exist
at all, and from the struggles tho agony
nnd suffering that inevitably follow
iu tho destruction of thc old systems
shall arise men and women equipped
with thc necessary qualifications' to
guide unhappy, struggling humnnity to
a better roud, men like Dobs, like
Liebknecht, who dare to stand alone
undaunted in defence of their own convictions, true to themselves and the
cause, sustained only by tho firo of
their inmost souls. If evor tho human
race needed that kind of men it needs
them now; if ever any country on
earth needed such men, ours docs. So
while it is yot timo we must make
sure of our footing so that wo may
know where wo stand or we will, whon
swept into the struggle, huve no guiding point to lead us on. Do not think
that you can stand aside and let tho
storm pass  by, you  cannot,  whether
omitted the levy amount.   I dare him
to deny it.
When appointed, Commissioner Gillespie "fired" the reeve, councillors,
school trustees, polico commissioner,
etc., presumably for the purposo of reducing expenses, then forsooth instantly appropriuted unto himself in tho
form of a salary a sum several hundred
dollars more per annum than all the
above mentioned officials put together.
What else did ho do? Please, sir,
when you havo a page or two to spare
let me know; theu I will begin to tell
you something.
Yours, etc.,
D. A. TIBBOTT.
Vice-president South Vancouver Ratepayers' Protective Association.
Colllngwood East, Nov. 11.
has beon announced.
Victor Olandor, second vice-president of tho International Seamen's
Union, is confined to his homo in Chicago because of his eyes. Ho is being represented ou the National Labor
Board by his altornate, Matthew Woll,
presidont of tho International Photo
Engravors  Union.
Missoula, Mont.—Flour and cereal
workors secured tho eight-hour day with
time and a half for overtime, after a
threo days' lockout.
Canadian Northern Railway
TRANSCONTINENTAL
Lowest Pouible Passenger Farei
—to—
EASTEHN DESTINATIONS
Modern Equipment—Courteous Attendants
Travel Comfort
Consult Onr Neareat Agent or Write
DISTBIOT PAMBNOBB AOENT, 608 HASTINOS W„ VANCOUVEB
Telephone Seymour 2183
SLATER'S
QUALITY     SERVICE
FREE DELIVERY
B. C. LAUNDRY SOAP 6 for 25<.
B. C. NAPHTHA SOAP 5 for 25«.
SALT-WINDSOR 4 for 25«.
EXTRA  SPECIAL
SUNLIGHT  SOAP —Regular 3  for  25c,  Saturday
only x 4 for 251
PORK AND BEANS 3 for 25^
SARDINES  3 for 25?
MILD CHEESE 30f> lb
STRONG CHEESE, por pound 35t}
FINEST CLAMS, each  lOt)
FINEST COMPOUND LARD 30t) lb
SPECIAL
VICTORY ROLL BACON, from 3 to 4 lbs. each; regular 4D/.C lb., Saturday only 38^11)
-3 BIG STORES-
123 Hastings Street East Phone Sey. 3262
830 Granville Street Phone Sey. 866
3260 Main Street Phone Fair. 1683
The new order is coming, you caunot
stop it, no moro than you can change
the irrcvocablo laws of evolution, the
immutable law of cause and effect.
Nothing can save a crumbling system
tottering to its fall.
The war with ull thc sufferings, its
unspeakable horrors, has nevertheless
served the cause, though brought on
by tho interests of tho old system, for
their profit and glory; yot it proved to
bo tho most effective means to their
destruction; it has broken down great
barriers, with their apparently un-
brcakablo towers of strength. It has
assisted in organizing thc forces of
Labor, it has taught Labor lessons in
organization and discipline, it has
taught Labor how to tight even in
spite of loud protests from Labor, it
hits organized industry in a more practical aud effective form, it has central-
lized control of production and distribution and necessary changes, but that
is only a small beginning. Many and
groat aro tho changes yet to .come.
How they will como will bc scon in tho
drama now unrolling before our oyes.
Tho forces of tho old system aro now
consolidating for the final stand,
though ull in vain. Nothing can savo
an outworn system, nothing can stund
when it is in the way of human progress.
O. CARLSON.
Vancouver, Ji, C, November. 1918.
South Vancouver Financial atatement
Editor U. 0. Federation^ I A financinl statement wus issued to the press
by Commissioner Gillespie, dated Nov,
1st. The publication of these figures
wus fur tho purpose of giving to the
casual observer ti "glowing" impression of financial statesmanship, the
lust line reudiug thus: "An inerease
of $85,782.73 for $1018."
To say nothing about thc hundreds
and thousands of ilullars inerease, 1
will take tho last two figures, 7;i cents,
and herewith challongo Commissioner
Gillespie, his auditors, elerks, assessors
and nil, who have "worked" on this
statement, to provo lhat South Vancouver is the paltry 711 conts hotter off
compared with lust year.
Coming to facts and using the commissioner 's own figures in the same
report—but stripped from the jugglery
of government school grant, water revenue and sundries—we get the all Important item, "TaiCB collected for
1018, $682,70(1.00." Aud horo this
cunning commissioner leaves us, perchance to forget that he levied upon
the pooplo of South Vancouver the
cblossfiJ sum of $763,000 (seven hundred  und  sixty-three thousand).
Now we come to tho truo and correct
figures, which show tho real standing:
Levy for the year 1018 *703,000.00
Taxes collected  532,790,00
Deficit  $2.10,203.1)4
whicli means that Qlllcflplo has caused
South Vancouvor io be two hundrod
and thirty thousand, two hundred and
throe dollars and ninety-four cents
more in debt. There is no denying Ihis.
Figures mny confuse, but facts remain. I may add here that tho commissioner in his statement conveniently
WORDS OF WISDOM
PICKED AT RANDOM
There is only one euro for evils
which newly-ucquired freedom
produces, and that cure is freedom. When a prisoner lirst leaves
his cell, he caunot bear the light
of day, ho is nimble to discrimin-,
ato colors, or rccognizo faces.
The remedy is< to accustom him
to the rays of tho sun.
Tho blnzo of truth and liberty
may at first dazzlo and bewilder
nations which have become half
blind in tho house of bondage.
But let them gaze on, and thoy
will soon be ablo to bear it. Iu
a fow years men learn to reason.
The extreme violence of opinions
subsides. Hostile theories correct
each other. The scattered elements of truth cease to contend,
aad begin to coalesce, and, at
length, a systom of justice and
ordor is educed out of the chaos.
Many politicians of our time
are in tho habit of laying it
down as a self-evident proposition, that no peoplo ought to be
free until they ure fit to uso their
freedom. Thc maxim is worthy
of the fool in tho old story, who
resolved not to go into tho water
till ho had learned to swim. If
men arc to wait for liborty till
thoy become wiso and good in
slavery, thoy may indeed wait
forever.—Macauley.
*   •   •
Indeed, no opinion or doctrine,
of whatever naturo it be, or
whatever be its tendency, ought
to De suppressed. For it is either
manifestly truo, or it is manifestly false, or its truth or falsehood is dubious. Its tendency is
manifestly good, or manifestly
bad, or it is dubious and concealed. There aro no other assignable conditions, no other functions of the problem.
In thc case of its being manifestly truo and of good tendency,
thero can bet no disputo. Nor
in tho case of its being manifestly otherwise; for by tho terms it
can mislead nobody. If itB truth
or its tendency bo dubious, it is
cloar that nothing can bring thc
good to light, or expose tho ovil,
but, full und free discussion.
Until this takes place, a plausible fallacy mny do harm; but
discussion is sure to elicit the
truth, and fix publie opinion on
a proper basis; and nothing elso
can do it.
Criminality can only be predicated where there is an obstinate
unreasonable refusal to consider
any kind of ovidenco but what
exclusively supports one sido of
a question.
It follows that errors of tho
understanding must be treated
by appeals to tho understanding.
That argument should bo opposed by argument, nnd fact by
fact. That fine and imprisonment are bad forms of syllogism,
well calculated to irritate, but
powerless for refutation. They
may suppress    truth,   thoy   can
nover elicit it.—ThomaB Cooper.
*   •   *
If I could 'have entertained
tho slightest apprehension that
the constitution framed in the
convontion when I had the honor
to precide, mjght pOBalbly endanger the religious rights of any ecclesiastical society, certainly I
would never have placed my signature to it; and if I could now
conceive that the general government might be so administered as
to render tho liborty of conscience insecure, I beg you will
bo persuaded that no one would ■
be more zealous than myself
to establish effectual barriers
agninst tho horrors of spiritual
tyranny and overy specious of
religious persecution.
Of all the animosities which
have existed among mankind
those whicli nre caused by a difference of sentiments in religion
iippeui' to be the most inveterate
nnd distressing, nud ought most
to be deprecated. I was in
hopes tlmt the enlightenment and
liberal polloy, which has marked
tho present age, would ot least
have reconciled Christians of
every denomination so far that
we should never again soo their
religious disputes carried to such
a pitch us to endanger the peace
of society.
Government is not a reason, it
is not eloquence, it is force! Like
lire, it is a dangerous servant
and a fearful maBter; never for a
momoilt should it bc left to Irresponsible action.
The government of the United
Statos of Amorica is not, in any
sense, founded upon tho Christian religion.—George Washington.
GLEANINGS FROM TRADES
UNION HISTORY
Release of the Dorchester Laborers
The Infliction of tho atrocious sentence of seven years' transportation to
Botany Bay on the six farm laborers
in Tolpuddle, Dorchostor, aroused tho
energies of tho Grand National Consolidated Trades Union and proved that
J
Conservative Elements Fail
to Stop Radical   .-
Resolution
[From Christian Science Monitor]
'' Wc want the policemen with us in
tho next industrial contests. The powers that bc in Cincinnati, as woll as
elsewhere, do not want a policemen'b
union. Wo want policomon to permit us
to pickpt."
This was ono of tho radical statements that marked tho last session of
the Ohio Stato Federation of Labor at
Columbus, und was made by Max S.
Hayes of Cleveland, described as a
"loyal Socialist." Unexpectedly, Mr.
Hayes obtained almost absolute domination of tho session and succeeded in
having adopted a resolution which virtually embodies the programme of that
part of tho Socialist Party which is
"American in its beliefs." Ho overcame opposition of the oxecutive officers
and tho other conservative elements of
the Labor body, and oven appended a
proposition, unanimously adopted, to
have the declarations taken to tho
American. Fedoration of Labor at its
next convention for approval. It is
said that this is anothor ofMr.Hayes'
oft-repeated efforts to wrest from tho
conservatives of tho Samuel Gompors
school the control of the national organization.
Tlie Hayes propositions, embodied in
a "reconstruction resolution," practically call for a conscription of wealth,
asserting that during demobilization,
there will bc poverty unless proper
measures are taken, Among the resolutions are:
Retention by the govornment of railways, telegraphs and telephones, owners
to bo paid on basis of physical valuation; merchant marine to bo nationally
owned and docks acquired at fair valuations; governmont to tako ovor oil
wells, pipe lines, gas and mineral products; water-right patonts on streams
to be revoked and the public to develop
tho water-power; good roads to bo built
by unemployed; reforestation; municipal ownership; if thero is unemployment
under eight-hour schedule, reduco to 6
or 7 hours schedules.
"Immediate stops to democratize the
land by taxing thc speculative value of
land and by the reclamation of arid and
swamp lands," which aro to bo leased
to citizens at a 5 per cont. rontal on
valuation. Standard wngo, "based
upon the average cost of supporting a
family of five persons) guaranteo of a
iniximum profit of 0 per cent, on invested capital, and to automatically divert to the wage funds surplus profits.'
Federal and state laws granting pen*
sions to all aged and superanuatcd citizens, and "also insurance laws to com
pensote thc sick and injured, as well as
medical service without cost." Incotnc
tax to take 90 per cent, of personal incomes of more than $20,000, and all
corporate incomes in excess of 0 per
cent.
Mr. Hayes explained, in answer to a
question from tho conservative element,
that tho resolutions wero not to be considered as a counter-proposition to the
programme of tho American Federation
of Labor, but only as a set of guiding
fundamentals for tho executive officers,
who aro instructed to use their best
judgment in getting through legislative
bodiis as much of the programme as
possiblo.
Ring up Phone Beymour 2364 for
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. O.
body to have an influence which the
govornment did not expect. Immediately, the union prepared petitions, organized public meetings, and within a fow
weeks succeeded in creating a nationwide sympathy with the deported mon
and a determination to secure their release. For this purpose thc existing
divisions of tho working class movement were unitod nnd shortly their
agitation culminated in a gigantic procession of unionists in London to presont a petition to tho primo minister,
Lord Selbourne. Of this procession, Mr.
Sydney Webb says thnt it was "the
first of the great demonstrations which
havo since become a regular part of the
machinery of London politics."
Tho nttitude of the ruling classes to
this demonstration was, of course, onc
of frantic hostility. The London Times
which then, as now, was tho bitter opponent of evory decent working class
aspiration, repeatedly denounced the
proposal and called for measures of suppression. Lord Molbourno announced
that ho would neithor receive deputation or petition from the procession)
and, as showing that tho methods of
thc oppressors and exploiters, like thc
laws of the Medos and tho Persians,
nover change, "special constables were
sworn in ,and troops woro brought into
London to provont a rising.''
The procession took place on April
21, is.'l-l, and was managed with great
skill by Robert Owen and his lieutenants. Thero woro 33 banners, and, according to the Times, no less thnn 30,-
000 (equal to 100,000 on today's population); oach man wearing red ribbons,
walked in the procession. It carried a
petition bearing 200,000 signatures, nnd
wus led by a prominent Owenite agitator, n Dr. Arthur Wade, who at the
time wns prohibited by his bishop from
preaching in his church at Warwick on
account of his revolutionary convictions, and who was described ns the
"chaplain to tho Metropolitan Trades
Unions." In thc procession there were
nt least 0000 tailors ,ond in the papers
the employers complained thnt the
building trude wns completely shut
down owing to their workers participation.
The agitation of tho orgnnized workers was reinforced by a strong Radical
movement whose leaders included Jos.
Hume and Daniel O'Connor, the famous
Irishman. Their joint offorts wore, for
the moment, unsuccessful. The government not only refused to remit tho sentence, but declined to admit that it was
excessive. The unfortunate farm laborors wore by this time well on their
way to Botany Bay.
From this time on, tho agitation for
their release was conducted by a committee of sixteen workmen who operated as the London Dorchester committee,.
In 1830 they wore able to induce the
government to remit the remainder of
thc sentence, but owing to the blundering of officials, it was not until 1838
(April) that fivo of the six "convicts"
arrived in England. The sixth did not
return tilt some timo later.
During their absence the workers subscribed £1300 to the funds of the above
committee mid with this amount small
farms in Essex woro bought for fivo of
these exiled workmen, tho other prefer-
You will not
be "soaked"
_ Bo muy people neglect
their eyea even when they
know ttiey should hare
them attended to—when
they know they should be
wearing glasses — beeaoso
they are afraid they will
be overcharged—and becauee of the uncertainty of
the cost.
t] I want any of yon union
men who feel that yon
may require glasses—jrou
or yonr wivea—to come in
and let me examine your
eyea. Let me tell yoa what
ia wrong—if anything—
what it will eost to give
you glasses that will make
seeing and living more
comfortable.
_ My optical service is the
most efficient and the most
reasonable on the coast.
Seymou INS
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical Oo.
649 GRANVILLE STBEET
Balow Dryadale'a
: Canada Food Board;
I   Licence 8—1855   ;
Keeping It Up
Demonstrating every day that it pays
to "pay cash and carry." Come in and
let us show you.
Butter, finest Alberta Creamery, lb 52c
Cheese, finest Ontario, per lb 30c
Apples, Mcintosh Beds, per box....$2.00
Apples, Jonathans, No. 1, per box 92.65
Victoria Cross Tea, 1-lb. pkts.. 45c
Coffee, frosh ground, worth 50c,  for,
per lb 36c
Vegetable Soup, per tin 10c
Shredded Wheat, largo pkts., 2 for.. 25c
Sunlight Soap, 4 bars for. 25c
Ivory Soap, 4 bars for 25c
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins for. 25c
Seedless Raisins, 2 lbs, for 35c
Sholled Walnuts, per lb 65c
Shelled Almonds, per lb 60c
Christmas Plum Pudding; per tin.... 25c
Mixed Peel, per lb 36c
Compound Lard, per lb 30c
Puro Lard, per lb *,. 35c
Back Bacon, per lb  50c
Veal Loaf, per lb  30c
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118 Halting* St. W.
Oppoalte
Woodward's
SEV. 1866
THE BEST
Shaving Soap
in any country
Produces t Fine dreamy Lather
ud Doea Mot Dry on the Face
DEMAND
"Witch Hazel"
Shaving Soap
Stick or Cake
Manufactured is British Columbia
If joa haven't joined th# Federated Labor
Party, get In touch with Seoretary Trotter,
Room 209, Labor Temple, or any of tbe vioe-
presidents throughout the provinco. ***
ring to return to his nativo placo.
An immediate result of tho Dorchester conviction was that tho trades
unions deleted tho oath from their core-
monies.
It is pleasing to bo ablo to add to
this flhort reforenco to the persecution
of tho Tolpuddle laborors that about
five years ago Mr. Arthur Henderson,
who recently resigned from tho Lloyd
Oeorge cabal, unveiled a monument in
tho villago to keop greon tho memory
of thoso pioneers of working class or-
gainzation and that tho monument wub
paid for by trades union subscriptions.
CLOSING OUT SALES
OF .ALL VELVETS
AND VELVETEENS
HALF   PRICE   AND
LESS ON MANY
$5.00 Chiffon
Velveteen $3.95
The finest quality manufactured, from England's best
velvet maker. A closely
'woven, heavy costume material. EoBe, Myrtle, Taupe,
Wine, Plum, Nigger, Copenhagen, Navy, Black; 44
inches wide. Heg. $5.00
yard for $3.95
$2.95 Cord Velveteen
$2.25 Yard
A fine cord velveteen of
very close weave; costume
weight deep lustre and very
durable. Nigger, Russian,
Blaok, White; 46 ins. wide.
Reg. $2.95 for $2.25
Saba Bros.
Limited
Vhe Silk Specialists
652 GRANVILLE STR81T
THE TOOLS A
.WORKMAN
USES ON
THE JOB
—Must bc good, dependablo tools
tho product of roliablo manufacturers. Thoy must be capable
of standing up undor all conditions.
FLETT'S REPUTATION
FOR HIGH-GRADE TOOLS
Has boen consistently maintained
for yoars. You '11 find horo today
everything for the mechanical
lines and every type of work.
The best for shipwright and engineer.
DROP IN AND BEE TJS
J. A. Flett, Ltd.
(UNION SHOP)
Tools, Faints, Hardware
339 HASTINOS STBBBT WEBT
Near Homer
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWILT1 «BW TABUS—
(■fuswlek-Btlke Oollondor Oo.)
—Headturltri for Onion Hon—
Union-made   Tobaccos,   Olfars   tni
OlfUlttM
Only White Holy B-nployed
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
41 Haitian Stmt Wert
OLELANP-DIBBLE ENGRAVING COMPACT
United ,
PHOTO BXOBAVBBS — OOJOCEIOIAl
ABTISTS
Phono Soymonr 71B9
Third PloorLWorId
ra noor, wona buu<
VAUOObVEB, B. O. I
—The only Onion Shop In Vineonyor— '
CENTER & HANNA, Ui
UNDERTAKERS
Refined Service
1049 OEOBOIA STBBBT
One Block west of Court Home.
due of Modern Chapel tnd
Funeral Parlors free to all
Patrons.
Telephone Seymou MSB
THE LONDON GRILL I
7G'J  ROBSON ST omOIAIi   PAPBB   VABOOOVBB
TBADBS  AID  LABOB   OOUJTOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
OmOIAL PAPBB  BBITISH  •OL-
OMBIA  PEDEBATIOB  OF   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 46
TEN PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 15,   1918
(Ii TuieonTer\
Oity, |2.00 )
$1.50 PER YEAR
You Spend to Enjoy
_\ Your ra ise in wages is welcomed because it enables you, to secure those things which make life
more enjoyable—more worth living. The pleasure of a sound and handsome equipment of
teeth is nit only a luxury in itself, but it adds
so much to the general joy of living that it
should bc one of the first considerations of those
who have allowed their natural equipment to
deteriorate. To enjoy good health—to enjoy the
esteem of our follows—the good things of life—,
onc must have good teeth. Dental delays are not
only expensive—they are dangerous.
t_ Tou cannot spend your monoy to
better advantngo than to havo yonr
mouth mado handsome and wholesome—to have an equipment of good
tooth you cannot chooso a bottor
timo than the prosont. I shall bo
glad to toll you what ezponse this
will involve.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINOS AND ABBOTT
Friday and Saturday Specials
WAB   TAX   EXTBA   WHERE   REQUIRED
50c
25c
75c
25c
GOo
25c
fiOc
25c
50c
Chako'B   Nerve   Pood   .— S7c
Dentone Tooth Paste  16c
Blsurated Magnesia  67o
Nature's Remedy Tablets   ....17c
Ferrozuno  36c
Reid's Embrocation  lfic
Blaud's Pills  - 25c
Reld's Syrup Pigs   17o
Volnor  Shampoo 42c
Fig Lax  Tablets  lfiC
50c Rold's Kidney Pills  28c
25c Witch Hna;-1 Shaving Stick ....16c
SOo Hold's Pile Ointment  26c
25c CascaretB  - 18c
50c Assorted   Perfumes    25c
25c Monnen's Talcum 14c
60c Pompt-lan Massage Cream  43c
$1.50   Scott's   Emulsion    $1-19
25c Frostilla   18c
60c Hind's   Cream    43c
VANCOUVER DRUG CO.
LIMITED
The Original Cut Rate Druggists
THEFAREASTAND
fi
MAIN STOBE:
405 Hastings Street West   Phones Sey. 1966 and 1966
BEANOH   STORES:
7 Hastings Street West
782 Oranvllle Street
Oor. Oranvllle and Broadway
412 Main Street
1700 Commercial Drive
Seymour 3S82
Seymour 7013
Bay. 2314 and 1744*0
Seymonr 2032
High. 236 and 1733-0
BOYS' CLOTHING
OVERCOATS which appeal to thc boy for appoarnnco, nnd to thc parents
for quality uud value. They have buckle belts, slash or patch pockets,
nnd convertible collars; comfortable wear-resisting garments. All
sizes, 3 to 18 years, and all prices.
SUITS—All-wool tweeds nnd serges, in newest patterns and latest stylos,
long or short roll collars and tronch belts. Also NorfolkB, sports, otc.
All sizes to 18 years.
UNDERWEAR—Sweaters, hose, and overy requisite for boys' outfit.
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
BOYS' AND MEN'S CLOTHING
309-315 HASTINOS STREET WEST UNION STORE
UNION STORE
Capitalism Is Going Down,
and a New World
WiU Follow
Tho position in Siberia is to some
extent grotesque. Tho Bolshoviki is not
putting up nny rcsistunce worth speaking and yet in some way or nnother
they soem to control tho situation.
Tho business men in Siberia aro pro-
Ally, In European Russia they are
moro or less pro-German. Tho Bolshoviki has given the peasants thc land
something thoy havo been striving for
sinco tho liberation of tho Berfs in tho
GO's and it is this factor thnt has
enabled tho Bolsheviki to endure. The
peasant will fight to keep possession of
what ho regards as his privato proporty. Russia wants poaco and a spontaneous uprising of Russians against
the Bolsheviki <}ow not pcom possible.
In tho October issue of tho 2?fiw East
a prominent Russian writer protests
in very strong language against Allied
interference with any section of tho
Bolsheviki except that portion which
may bo lighting on the sido of the Germans. The Japanese govornmont has
been complaining against thc lack of
public sympathy with tho Siberian expedition and is trying to arouse interost by means of patriotic articles in
tho press. The economic situation in
Nippon is perplexing to the Japanese
scholars and they do not seem ablo to
find a solution of the problem that confronts thom. Although the land of tho
rising sun has enjoyod a long period of
unprccondontcd prosperity, yet the
working peoplo aro nctually dying of
starvation. Riots in wliich thousands
have been injured have brokon out in
various parts of the country and tho
government is trying to quiet tho population by endeavoring to control prices.
Tho nows from China is censored t-o
such an extent that although there is
a civil war in progress aud tho government has a million men under arms, we
know little of what is taking place.
China, like tho rest of tho world, is
moving nnd cannot rest for any length
of timo until the co-operative commonwealth is established in some of the
advanced countries of the world. Thc
Kaiser is snid to bo in Holland. It is
hoped that he und all thc kings of. Germany will bo nrrested, tried and sentenced. Wc know that individuals do
not cut much figure in tho general
schemo of things, but the gallows
would bo a fitting end to this last batch
of feudal rascals. What a chango has
taken placo during tho past four years!
When wc look back wo pcrcoivo that
the world has takon a tremendous leap
forward. Tho human family iB not going back.* It cannot, and during the
next four years we are likoly to witness thc greatest changes thc worki hns
ever known. The bloodshed in this
war has not been made in vain. Thc
Russian revolution is now followed by
the Gorman and tho end is not yet. Be
of good cheer, my proletariat friends,
the tide is with you now. Yot a little
while and the hours of darkness will
havo passed and thc daylight will appear. The glorious sun of liberty is
about to vise, capitalism is going down
in bloodshed and ruin, but from its
womb is issuing the new social order.
It is a splendid sunset and a splendid
dawn. The joy of lifo will soon bc experienced by the earth's population.
Wo can anticipate the period when thc
planet will bo occupied once again
with bright-eyed men and women and
the streets resound with songs and
laughter nnd the patter of children's
feet.
Men Who Appreciate Good Shoes
COME HERE FOR THEM
If thoro aro any better MEN'S SHOES hiade
thnn tho sort wo sell, wc havent' seen thom.
Better leather or bettor shocmnking woro novi
combined in shoes.   Our Men's Shoes arc union
mnde, and you are served by Union Clerks.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
eee oranville street
Vancouver's Union Shoe Storo
T.B. HILL'S
Annual FALL SALE
IS NOW RUNNING AT PULL BLAST
EVERYTHING in Men's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishings is reduced to the
very lowest price. «We present to tbe buying public the greatest possible opportunity
for saving money. The prices on goods that
we are offering for your approval cannot
be duplicated for years to come, after the
present stock is sold, for in many instances
our prices are lower than the manufacturers are asking today. Our guarantee
goes with every article we sell.
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
The New Society Will Pol-
low the Present
System
It has been aptly said, that civilization started with the crack of tho slave
drivor's whip. And sinco its inception
six thousand years ago thc whip of
oppression has kept tho masses in subjection. Their subjection is just ns
real today as during any phnso of civilization that has existed. It has always
been enforced by the most fiendish
and brutnl methods in the interests of
the possessing class, and, sinco the advent of modem capitalism, an the interests of so-called law and order. That
is a hypocritical phrase to hoodwink
tho masses^ nnd blind them to their economic slnvery to a possessing class who
havo as a clnss ceased to havo any of
thoso human attributes supposed to distinguish man from thc moro animal.
' Right down tho centuries since the
breaking ujj of the old tribal communities, there has been individual and
class strife and struggle. Man against
man, sect against sect, tribe against
tribe, nation against nation, a ceaseless struggle of grab animated by greed
of possession. Tho storm contro of the
brutal struggle has always boon possession and control of the most fertile
lands and their mineral deposits, and
the ownership of the tools and machinery necessary for tho production of the
essentials of life.
present form of civilization, and give
birth to the Co-operative Commonwealth, will not bo accomplished without a struggle from thoso -in possession.
But the more consciousness of tho nature of tho struggle there is on the
part of tho masses, the less violenco
tbere will be when tho final struggle
takes place.
The Socialist or Co-operativo Commonwealth thut will take the placo of
coilcctivo use, and will thus eliminate
thu economic inequality unavoidable
under any form of civilization no matter how amended. Tho superstructure
that will be raised* upon the economic
basis will be a reflex of that economic
equality, ln that superstructure there
will bc no room for government, as
only slaves require to be kept in subjection; no room for laws, as no restrictions will bo required in a society of
social equals; no soldiers or policemen;
who ure only required to enforco class-
mude laws, lt will be a social atmosphere cleared of all petty meanness and
pnrochiul jealousy, snobbery, antagonism and brutality iuhoront in any form
of society based upon individual ownership in the things necessary to the
lifo of tho community as a whole,—
J.Af.U. in tho Australian Worker.
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
| Bt'd. mo"")
THE POST-MORTEM SERVICE
COMPENSATION ACT
IS
B. C. Federation of Labor
Special Committee Explains Situation
Members of the Crew Are
Fully Covered by Provincial Law
[By J. H. McVety]
The attention of the Workmen's
Compensation Act committeo of tho
B. 0. Fedoration hns been drawn io tho
fact that a llrin of lawyers is writing
tho rolntivos of mombors of the crew
of the ill-fated Princess Sophia recom-
mon'ding (hut actions bo brought,
through their firm, against the C. P. B.
As ti mntter of fnct, this firm lias already launched one nelion on behalf
of a momber of the crew, alleging that
it is being brought under tho provisions
of tho Families Compensntion Act, better known as the Lord Campbell Act.
Apparently the fact that every member of tho crew of this nnd other vessels operating on the coast is covered
by the Workmen's Compensation Act
of British Columbia is being entirely
overlooked and thnt nil other rights of
action, either nt common law or by
statute, are taken away by Section 11.
The legal position of a member of
position of a member
the crew nnd a passenger is entirely
different and relatives of mombors of
tho crew  do not require  to consult  n
solicitor or start an uction  lo secure
their compensation.   All that is ne
sary is to apply   to   tho
Compensation Bonn!, Boar
Building, Vnncouver, for the necessnry
forms, and these can be readily filled
without nay export assistance.
More Brutal Now Than Ever
This strugglo has nover abated during the centurios of civilization. Today it is moro intense and brutal than
ovor before. It has culminated in tho
bloody carnage that is dyeing in tho
fields of Europe with tho blood of tho
workors! not in the interests of humanity ns is untruthfully statod by the intellectual hirelings of tho possessing
class, but in tho selfish class interest
of tho big financiers, that powor behind all modern governments, pulling
the wires and compelling the officinls
as puppets to carry out their schemes
of class aggrandisement This struggle is boing waged with all the wonderful, scientific inventions of a phase
of civilization moro fruitful in producing machinery for controlling the forces
of nature than any previous phase, and
equally productivo of weapons of destruction, weapons that have, in comparison, mado those of previous periods
seem more toys.
"What crimes have beon committed
in thy name," may truthfully bo said
of civilization. Every page of the history of civilization is disfigurod with
tho most rovolting crimes, and gives
tho lie to those apologists who never
ceaso prating of tho glories and culture of civilization.
I think it was Huxley who expressed
himsolf much as follows. If ho thought
our present society was going to con
tinuo, ho would glndly welcome tho
crush of a comet into tho oarth to
put an end to tho ghastly brutal hor-;
ior of the whole business. Yet marvellous to think, these horrors to many
do not exist. They cnn rend the casualty list of a great battlo without any
realization of the brutality of the proceedings, and their eyes are equally
sealed to the misery und poverty that
exist in all industrial countries. Meanwhile! they attend mutual adoration societies to prate of the respective merits
of British and German culture; they
boast of "our" achievements in scholarship and science, and point triumphantly to the universities as vehicles of
education, to literature, music nnd
painting, und all tho great men of letters and imagination. And yet the
skeleton that is ever present at the
feast they nre blind to see, or seeing,
ignore.
The Ourso of Private Ownership
Civilization hus been weighed in the
bulance and found wanting, for it is
based on privato ownership, with individual greed nnd grab animating ovory
unit of society, all struggling with their
fellows for individual possession of tho
conomic forces that will place the
owner in the class that live by the
sweat and blood of the masses.
Civilization has had throe distinct
phases fundamentally different in their
economic basis: chattel slavery, feudalism or serfdom, and now wage-slavery.
Ench of theso phases has had slightly
different expression iu different countries owing to race and climatic conditions. Yet all have beon brutal, only
differing iu degree of brutality, und
whilst any form of civilization oxists,
the brutality may bo minimized or
glossed ovor, as it is today, by the
glamor of au outward show of sham
splendor. But it can never bo obliterated, for uny society based upon economic inequality has inherent antagonisms that must necessarily lend to
eluss wnrs within 'lie State uud national struggles for supremacy in oversea
markets wherein to dispose of llu; surplus commodities produced by tho labor
power of the subject cluss.
This brutality will exist as long as
we have civilization. The possessing
class see the writing on the wall point
ing out its approaching dissolution, am
ure making strenuous efforts to pro
long its existonce. In all industrial |
countries sops are being thrown to tho
workers, especially the skilled, to mnke
thom contented. The Labor leaders
ure lending themselves as willing tools
to carry out tho wishes of tho possessing class to the detriment of the grent
muss of workors. They have bound the
workers to agreements with the governments und generally are accepting payment with both hands, openly from tho
workers, but secretly from the ruling
At midnight, November 10, 1918, was
held in thc City of Vancouvor tho post
mortem service of Mr. Old Financial
System of human society. It was
fitting service dominated by a glorious
chorus of factory whistles'. The do
ceased has for many yoars been affected
by social diseases of different kinds,
but was nevertheless faithful to his
duty, in a measure corresponding to his
strength.
He was at tho height of his power a
very good servant of thc human raco,
a practical though stern teacher, but
when his final sickness overtook him
in the latter part of the summer of
1914, which was destined to end his
long strenuous life, ho wns gradually
of less and less service to the race.
So we accept humbly in solemn reverence the decree of destiny, pence unto
his memory.
His loving relatives and friends,
dazed by thc staggering blow from unkind fate, seem unable to believe that
it is true, so they insist in having the
remains dissected in order to satisfy
themselves that all possiblo has been
done on tlieir part for said deceased.
After thc dissecting hns been duly
performed by experts the remains will
be wrapped up in the paper suport on
which it is now resting nnd laid down
to its last long sleep. It has not yet
been decided if tho burial service will
be a quiet, impressive one, or performed according to the old Boman rites,
with a gladiator contest on the grave.
Friends! let us congratulate ourselves and everyone on
PEACE
It bas been fought for, wrought for, snd has
been honestly and honorably won against tho
vilost tactics and practices of crowned buccaneers and pirates of tho lowest type and
morality. Labor has been a dominant factor
in winning the day—to Labor we take off
our hats.
We FLATTEB OUKSELVES-and our customers flatter us on selling SUITS of a
STYLE and QUALITY that no other Tailoring Houso in tho city can approach, and moro
than that, we do this at a PRICE beyond
competition. We are workers, working for
tho working man. We have no crowned
(abdicated or otherwise)—Kings,
Kaisers or Czars—in our employ, bo far as
wo know, nor among our customers.
SUITS
HEN'S, $35 up-WOMMTS, $45 np
THE B. C. TAILORING CO.
128 HASTINGS ST. B.
NEAR   THEATRE   BOTAL
—-    (OM Pantages)    	
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Oity Employees Gain
Boston.—The Pnrk Employees' Uhioii
announces wnge increases of. 16^ per
cent. This establishes a minimum of
$3.60 a day for men employed in state
parks.
Patronize B. C. Federationist adve
tisors and tell them why you do so.
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For your kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try onr Pea Ooal (or yonr underfeed furnace)
J-lMltov il. 11
macdonald-Marpole Co.
Phone
Seumour'
ZIO
Phone
■"S-eumaur
2lO
1001 MAIN STREET
Teamsters Advance
Huston.—Tenmsters   Union   No. J40,
whoso members  are  employed  in  thc
publie works department, have secured
improved working conditions.
The New Society and the Old
The economic  mills grind slow  luit
sure, nnd all the efforts of the possess-
...   .       ,   ing clnss, wilh the assistance of these
..    I  Ji'.".'V 'niislcnders,   nre   powerless  ngainst   the
"      '        evolutionary process that    is   driving
civilization to dissolution.   It   hud   n
beginning in  time  nnd   must   ond  in
timo.   And that point in time is rapid
ly  approaching  (bat will  see it puss
away nnd give place to the new society,
the germ of which is being nurtured ill
the old.
Through strife nnd struggle have nil
the revolution that will   destroy    the *AGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY November IS, 1M8
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published every Friday morning by the B. 0.
Fedorationist, Limited
A. 8. WellB Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7490
After 6 p.m.: Sey   7497K
Subscription Kates: United States and
Foreign, $2.00 per year; Canada, $1.50
per yoar; in Vancouver City. $2.00 per
year; to Unions subscribing in a body,
$1.25 por member por year.
"Unity of Labor:   tha Hop* of tha World'
FBIDAY November 15,
1918
-rjOSTILITIEB HAVE ceased on the
fl battle fronts in Europe. The tidings was conveyed to all parts of
the world in the early hours of Monday
last, und with many a prayer of thanka,
mothers, fathers,
WILL WE tors, wives aud child-
HAVE run received the glad
PEACE? tidings    thut    their
loved ones liud ceased to bo employed hi the occupation of
slaughter. The revolutionary movement
in the Central Empires continues to develop, uud tho revolutionists are
uvidontly getting the situation in
control. Bui ull is uot yet over.
Strange things are to happen ere
tho world ia at peace. Already wc Bee
signs of the military beast raising its
head in countries that havo heretofore
been free from tho military system,
that was the right hand of the Germanic ruling class. In fact tho chance for
tho establishing of militarism ovor the
world, was created whon nations that
have been free from conscription,
sorted to that mothod of raising
army. Former Prosidont Taft, of "God
Knows" fnmo, is roported as stating
that "tho relatives of thc soldiers in
tho United States must not oxpect thom
back for at least two years." In advocating universal military training, he
said: "This war has taught us to bo
prepared, and I am in favor of military
training for the measure of protection
it will give, as well as the bonefits
wliich will como to thc men who take
up thc army training course." Last
woek we referred to Lord Milner'a
statement as to thc need for policing
in the enemy countries, and to tho election of the Bepublican Party as a victory for autocracy, or tho junker element in tho States, ox-President Taft
also Btatos "that thero will be noed for
policing," and Sir George E, Foster, of
our own country, also sees the noed for
similar action. And so we see signs
that are not reassuring to those that
desire to see peace in this world of
ours,   but   rathor   signs   of   further
trouble.
*        *        *
Tho pross references to tho possiblo
necessity for the suppression of anarchy in Germany, do not coincide with
the uews items, which give the impression that tho revolution in Gormany, is
taking an orderly course, but would appear to savor of thc press agents tactics, in preparing tho way for what is
to follow. And what is to follow! If
tho usual interpretation that is givon
to the word '' anarchy'' by the press is
any criterion, thon what is to follow, is
tho suppression of- any attempt to
change the established order of things
iu Germany. If this is so, thoro is no
possible chance of peace in the near
futuro. The revolutionists iu Germany,
if all tho information at hand is roliablo, have decided thnt there ia to bo
no Bourgeoise element in the government of that Innd, not as the pressi
states, becauso the bourgeoise partiesj
do not wish to participate, but because
the Socialists, definitely refuse to allow
thom to tako part in the government.';
From every indication, it would appear i
that news as to the minority Socialists'
activities is being suppressed. For not,
more than a week ago Licbknocht was
freely quoted in the daily pross as taking part in the revolutionary movemont.
Today, however, not a word is heard of
the strongest man in thc revolutionary
movoment in that country. It is unthinkable that ho has laid down at a
moment which is likely to bo thc most
momentous in tho history of tho working clnss movement of the worid. A
moment when tho mon that nre in possession of knowledge of the truo situation as it affects4tho workors aro most
needed. Can any one for a moment
imagine Lcibknocht, who defied thc old
rogimo when it was at thc zenith of its
power, taking u back seat at the time,
when tho class, for whieh ho has fought
so long, noeds men of his stamp. It is
impossible to think that ho is quiet at
this time, and the only conclusion that
can be urrived at is, that the fuels are
not being publishod. The situation is
such as to warrant considerable thought
on the part of tho working class tho
world over, und particularly in the Al
lied countries. The German working
cluss hus evidently decided to tako
chnrge of affairs iu that country. They
hnvo nlso decided that u change is no-
tOSfl&ry in the economic structure, or
they would hot have dobarrod tho bourgeoise from huving a hnnd in tho affairs of government. And if this is so,
the only apparent renson that can bo
seen for intervention on the part of
anybody, must bo to see that the pre*
sent economic structure is not intorfor
ed with. And this is wherein the dan*
ger lies.
The Inter-Allied Socialist conference
decided that in the event of the working class of Germany throwing off the
military mud regime in that country,
and establishing a democrncy, lhat no
intervention on tho part of anybody
would bo allowed. If this stand
backed up by tho working class of
Grent Britain, France and Italy, what
is going to be the result of interven*
Hon! Can any one look at the situation
that will develop as a rosult of tho
clash of the policies of tho Labor move
ment of these countries, and their re
spective governments, without grave
misgivings for the future peace of the
world. The truth of the matter is, that
the bourgeoise of the Allied countries is
more afraid of tho spread of domocracy
than their words during the war would
lead one to believe. Democracy to them
means the same old kind of democracy
that hus prevailed for so long in the
world. It means the possibility of the
future exploitation of the working class
under tin; suine old system, which has
bred national hatreds, und fostered the
spirit of commercial rivalry, which
must eventually ond in war. But it is
evident that the working class not only
of the Allied countries, but; of Germany
as well, is seeing a new democracy, a
democracy based on tho co-operative
ownership of the means of wealth pro
duetion. This is not palatable to thc
ruling class of any of the countries,
and is the cause of the fears expressed
by the Milncrs, tho Tufts and the Fosters, and can bo the only reasou for
the policing of the countries that have
at last resorted to tho establishment of
democracy iu their midsts. The signs
of the times do uot denote that a real
peaco is likely for some timo to come
What tho future holds can only be sur
raised, But it will depend u great deal
on the attitude of the ruling cluss of
the Allied countries, as to whether the
transition period that is now on us will
bo au orderly ono, or one that is filled
with further troublo und suffering,
Time will toll if they aru as wiso as
they would have us to believe they arc.
But whutever happeus, the present, system is fast coming to un end.
Tho Vancouver Branch Canadian IV
triotic Fund has been oflicially notified
from Ottawa that tho following increases have been made in the allowances for soldiers' dependents: Increase of $5 for privates, non-coinmis-
sioucd officers aud warrant officers; increase of $10 for lieutenants.
Tho above announcement appeured in
tho daily press ou Tuesday of this week,
and thero will certainly be great rejoicing ou tho part of tho soldiers' dependents, now that a gracious government
has decided to seo that their wants are
filled. No doubt thc amount granted
will remind thom of tho raise in allowances that was made during the election last year, and particularly so in
view of tho fact that, thc amount grantod at that time is idontical with the
ono that has now beon mado. Now the
situation at this timo is not thc same
as it was last December, the government is not seeking tho support of the
electorate, wliich was at that time
largely determined by tho government,
from the standpoint of expediency. In
other words, by tho rousonnblo expectations that might be hold as tu tho support of that elcctorato. This makes the
amount granted by tho government appear more generous, because thore is no
particularly pressing need to grant anything. Tho soldiers' dependents aro
needing a Uttle more in order that they
can live, but they huve lived so long
on the pittance thut has been granted
them by a grateful country, and aided
by patriotic doles from the Patriotic
Fund, that no doubt they will be able
to continue to got along somehow, and
with tho prospects held out by the press
of reduced prices of thc necessities of
life, thoro is no doubt that all will be
well, aud they will be satisfied. There,
howover, is ono thing the govcrnomnt
should consider, and that is the viewpoint of the men who wc are hoping
will bo back amongst us very soon.
That is all those that arc not thinking
of thc policing that is going to be no
oessary in Gormany and other places.
It might be possible that they will object to their dependents having to wait
for reduced pricos to meet their demands, (or they hnvo demanded a considerable amount more than $5 per
month, and if it takes $10 per month
extra for tho dependents of u lioutenant
to moot tho increased cost of living, it
might be possiblo that the returning
meu will raise considerable noise. It
might also bo brought to thc attention
of the government, that the women
folks of the meu tha liavo fought for
■domocracy over thero, have taken a
very decisive stand ou tho amount that
they require, and that the Lahor movemont of the country has decided to
stand behind the soldiers' dependents
in tho demand for $100 per month. Possibly thu government is going to give it
to them in small payments, starting
with $5, in order that they will not go
and upset their stomachs by eating rich
food, but really the govornment should
bo vory careful, us the bun on public
mootings will not last forever, and although speech is not altogether free,
tho women folks of the men who have
won the war, may take it. into their
heads onco the no mooting order is rescinded, to sny things that would not
sound very nice, nnd thc men overseas
hearing of them, mny decide to take
vory drastic stops on their return home.
Tho govornment should be very careful
that thoy do not goad these women too
far, or thoro may be trouble. In any
huso, tho women folk can depend on
Thc FederationiBt, and the working
class movement, no matter how far they
go in thoir efforts to get that which
should bc theirs by right, und uot from
charity,
From the locnl press we gather that
the manufacture of munitions is to
cense. This will have a decided effect
upon the labor markets of the world.
For not only will it throw men out of
work, but it will throw many women
workers out of omploymont also. It
will nlso rcleuso these workers for occupations that, have fell; the beneficial
influence of the call for munitions, and
the future in so far as steady omploymont is concerned is not nny too rosy.
Following the demobilisation of the
troops, which will eventually follow
the success of the pence negotiations,
there is little to look forward to on
the part, of tho workers. Tin1 employment of women will not oon.se ns has
buon predicted by the capitalistic pross,
but for two ivuKOUH it will hnve to continue. Tho first reason being thut the
women through tho depletion of tho
male population, will be compelled to
got their living in competition with
the male workors. And the socond
reason is one tlmt will noed something
to overcome it, and tlmt is tlie desire of
tho employers, whicli is proverbiul, for
cheap labor. Thus we find thnt two
great economic needs will compel the
future employment of women, aud thut
lho labor murket instead of being depleted, as has been suggested, there will
l)o no diminution of the number of
those Hooking the ehunce to sell Iheir
lnbor power.
Another factor that must be taken
into consideration ts the development
of the backward nations in tlio system
of capitalistic production. Japan is
and has been for some time a strong
competitor wilh tlie greatest commercial nations, und will become more so
iu tho near futuro. And the fact that
all the coutilries that havo been engaged in thn world war have developed
thoir machinery of production to hucIi
extent   thut    thoy   havo   nearly
doubled their productivity, must also
bo considered. Now markets thore are
none. And without new markets in
wliich lo dispose of thc surplus products, capitalistic production cannot
proceed.
With these condtions staring us in
the fact the future looks black indeed.
The problem of the returned soldier
will now assume greator proportions
than ever. And what is to be done
ubout it. Nothing of a constructive
nature has been offered. And the only
solution that has or eau be offered is
the collective ownership of tho means
of wealth production. Many workers
still are of tho opinion that somothing
will turn up. Something will, undoubtedly turn up,, but it won't bo a way
out unless the workers realize that
capitalism cannot provide for the human family's wants, and having realized that, put their shouldors to thc
wheel of progress and bring about, a
change iu thc methods of production,
and they will then be ablo to supply all
legitimate wants.
Lloyd George stated yesterday, according to press dispatches, that he
feared neither Bolshevism nor revolution. No doubt he was thinking of
Bolshevism in the same way that it is
being used by all tho so-calod statesmen of the world. In othor words, Socialism or any other method of making
the working olass position more comfortable. He stated, however, that he
feared rouctiou aad dissension. Lloyd
George realizes that there is a roaction:
ary element in tho old land that wots
not of thc impending doom of capitalism, und it is tins element that he fears.
Ho fears that this element will wish
to go ou the same old lines as it has in
the past, exploiting the workers to the
limit, and he realizes that it is possiblo to save the ruling class from the
fate that surely awaits it for a time
at least if the pill is sugar-coated. Tho
Canadian government also sees thc
handwriting on thc wall, ovidently, or
there would have been no repeal of the
strike order. Senator Eobcrtson has
evidently realized that ho must in his
new capacity of Minister of Labor see
to it that the period of trnnsition is as
smooth as possible. In this he is to bo
lommendcd, for it cannot be too often
stated that thc iron heel -method always brings in its trail tho aftermath
of violence, and this is not desired
by any man. That Labor in thc Old
Land realizes its position is made clear
by tho resignation from the cabinet in
that country, of all the Labor members. This shows that now the war is
over, und democracy is about to bo
established iu the central empires, that
thc Labor Party realizes it has a mission in the effort to establish democracy in its own country. And it
is not impossible that the next genoral
election in the old land may bo the determining point in the struggle for democracy.
IT IS " VERBOTEN'1
THE COMMON LABORER
[By Eugene V. DebB]
Contompt has always been the portion of the "common laborer" and
this notwithstanding thc fact that ho
is the chief prop in the social fabric
and thc main support of all civilization
Without the "Common Laborer" there
would bc universal collapse and chaos,
Yot even among workers themselves,
whore • it might bo expected that all
honest labor might bo held iu respect,
the "common laborer" is made to feel
that ho is tolerated rather than entitled
to equal consideration with others of
his class. Indeed, some of the most
vulgar and offensive aristocracy I have
known has been among the skilled and
semi-skilled trades in tho working
class. They have shut themselves up in
littlo two by four unions, adopted prohibitive admission fees and dues, aud
hedged themselves about with nn ex-
clusivencss us insolent and snobbish as
ovor provoked the disgust of sensible
men.
To these shoddy aristocrats the common laborer appears, if possible, even
lower and more servilo and contemptible than he does in the oyes of tho ruling class. But happily this is largely
of the past. Tho machine hns brought
most of those would-be aristocratic
unions and the individuals who compose thom down to the common level
and the rest will follow in due time.
Thc common laborer of today is no
longer ignored or treated with scant
decency by thc Labor movemont. He
mny still bc'ostracized in certain select
raft union circles, but ho is taking his
rightful place in the groat industrial
movemont that is spreading over the
world.
The common laborer Ib the chiof sufferer and the most aggrieved victim of
the capitalist system. He it is who was
denied the chanoe to learn a trado and
perhaps novor saw the insido of a
school-room. He it is who was seized
in his childhood and flung headlong
into the struggle of lifo with no chance
to prepare or equip for it. From the
earliest boyhood he has done the
world's dirtiest and most necessary and
useful work and received only kicks
and contempt for his pay.
The common laborer iu the past has
been tho legitimate spoil of evory element of society, including his own
class. Ho has boen tho sport nnd prey
of all. Lower thnn his level thc lowest could not sink.
And yet tho real heart of tho working cluss has always been in common
lnbor and here iiiuong these who hnvo
boon despised wo find tho truest and
noblest specimens of the class.
Tho oommon Inborer is renlly tho only
ono who fools the wholo crushing burden of capitalist oppression und knows
iho full and awful meaning of capitalism to tho working eluss. He is at tho
bottom und he bears tho wholo load
und suffers tin* deprivations nnd misery
us nono others enn.
Tho fato und destiny of not only tho
working clnss, but tho whole of Immunity are irrevocably bound up in the
common laboror and his emancipation
is the condition of tho emancipation of
the race.
Capitalism is reducing the workers
lo a common level of wngo-slavery, i
stripping them only of tho qualities
lhat interfere wilh their solidarity and
to compensate for those it. is permeating Ihe entire masB with the spirit ot
proletarian revolt.
Common labor is today tho founds
Hon upon which the Labor movement
is organizing, and the revolution is
marshaling its forces for the overthrow of wugo-sluvcry.
If tho word king wero not in such
disrepute, I should say thnt the common Inborer is king among tho workers. He is tho unvanishnblo host and
nothing can bo done without him.
All hail tho common laborer wherever he muy be found! He is the stuff
of which the revolution is made, tho
rovoltuion which will lift common labor
out of common slavery and make it the
oommon glory of aU mankind.—Oakland World. |
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
Anyone who travelled ia Germany
in thc pre-war days must have been
struck by the frequency with which he
encountered tho word "Vcrbotcn"—
"It is forbidden.'' If these was a particularly attractive walk in the park
it was guarded by thc sign "Vcrbotcn." In the picture galleries and
museums "Verboten" indicated "this
far Bhalt thou go but no further." In
railway stations and public offices it
seemed as if almost every road was
hedged off by that forbidding word
"Vcrbotcn." Often beside tho sign
stood an officer in uniform to enforce
the order. Closo students of German
lifo tell us that this is largely characteristic of the German type of mind
and German civilization.
Strnngoly enough I was reminded of
Gorman experiences not long ago in
Vancouver. A friend uud I were passing a public building in tho evening. A
sontry called "Halt" and then told us
thnt it was against ordors for us to
walk on the sidewalk. We must walk
on tho road. The sidewalk was "vor-
boton to tho citizen. My frioud, an
Old Country Englishman nnd ex-soldicr,
was decidedly hot about tho incident.
Yes, anyono who lias Uvcd in England knows—at least in pro-war days-
how much personal liberty ono enjoyed.
Aside from financial considerations,
onc could go where he pleased and do
what he liked! There wore fow "Vcrbotcn" signs in Englund. Think of
the Hyde Park meetings on Sunday
afternoons! For a conventional Canadian, the right to hold such meetings
was a wonderful lesson in democracy.
Yet in Canada such meetings have since
long beforc the war been under the
ban—' * Vorvoten.''
Just what conditions in England are,
during the war, we really do not
know. Tho Labor Leader and Herald
—two of the foremost organs of progressive thought—though they circulate freely in Englnnd, are "verboten"
to leave that country. Wo do know,
however, that public discussions on
platform and in the press, is maintained. Tho govornment policy is freely
criticized and peace propagandists can
publicly announce and report thoir
meetings. There have been serious encroachments on liberty of speoch, but
Englishmen still treasuro the ideal of
British freedom as sot forth by Lord
Tennyson that in England,
Whether girt with friend or foe
A man can speak tho thing ho will.
Many oven of the foremost advocates
of the war deprecate any interference
with freedom of spooch. Dr. Gore,
Bishop of Oxfond, for example, who is
now on a special war mission to
America, expressed tho views of many
Britishers in a sermon recently preached in Great St. Mary's.
"Wo are sickeued of tho narrow,
vulgar, exclusive patriotism. Wc are
up against its terrible embodiment in
the Gorman militarism and we hove denounced its manifestation thero freely
enough. But wo arc conscious that it
is not only. Germany that has to repent. Many of us have road the torms
of the secret treaties among the Allies
recently published by the Bolshevists
in Russia with a doep feeling of humiliation. Apparently Italy and Bou-
mania were bribed to come into the
war on the side of tho Allies by promises of territory to be annexod to thom
which cannot with, nny show of reason
be claimed as legitimately thoirs. I
would say nothing here of other arrangements between Bussia and France
and botwoen ourselves and Russia. Wo
realizo with humiliation that we were
led to assent to proposod annexations
which quite traverse the principles for
which we not only profess to be fighting, but which truly did bring us reluctantly into tho awful struggle."
(Roported in Cambridge Magazine.)
It is perhaps fortunate that Bishop
Gore spoke theae words in England.
They would probably havo been "verboten" in Canada. Indeed, thc staunch
old Liberal organ, thc Manchester
Guardian, warns Canadians of thc dangers to democracy which lurk in our
iciisorship regulations.
In Canada, unless a man belongs to
a well-organized religious body whose
tenets arc opposod to war, ho is "verboten" the right to maintain his convictions. If ho iB of military ago he
becomes a criminal liable to bo shot
down by thc military police.
Lord Hugh Cecil, who cannot be ac-
uscd of being a radical, in a debate
on tho Reform Bill, said: "You say
that tho safety of tho state is in thc
supreme law—there is nothing beyond
it. It is a doctrine not novel; indeed
it is now notorious. It is precisely
what Bothman -Hollweg said in defending Gorman aggression. Why blame
the German government t Nurse Cavcll
was technically guilty. It was only tho
higher law that condemned her punishment. Why echo the very language of
her murderers! ... To force nnother man's coascicnce is against my
conscienco."
Most of us havo been taught that in
lands over which floated thc British
flag thete was room for the oppressed
of other lands. Years ago when autocratic Bussia withdrew from the peaco-
loving MonnonitOfl tho privileges offered them to induce them to settle in
Russia we professed great Indignation
and throw open our doors to them,
offering them a home where thoy might
worship Goil according to tho dictates
of their own consciences. Later, when
thc same autocratic Russia persecuted
the Doukhobors, we again throw open
our doors and bade thom welcome. But
now—now we are trying to find some
, way by which wo ean break our promises to thom. Why worry about a
scrap of paper?
In any case wo will not permit; any
more "fanatics" to enter tho country.
Thoso who place their duty to servo
God above thoir duty to %ht for tho
stale ure to be "verboten" to enter
Cnnada. Such wns tho attitude of Germany; such the attitude of Russia before* the revolution. Such will be tho
nttitude of Canada if tho resolution recently passed by tho Social Servico
Department of the Presbyterian Church
has any weight with the government.
Presbyterians—think of it-—descondents
by blood, though uot spiritual descondents, of thc old covenantors, who
fought for freodom of conscience!
The latest manifestation of tho "vor-
boton" spirit is thc suppression of 13
organizations which wo nro told "havo
been carefully investigated by the government" and found to bc revolutionary and BoltOievi in charactor. These
organizations include thc Industrial
Workors of tho World and various social democratic parties. Further, no
meetings aro to bo held (except those
of a purely religious charactor) or no
newspapers published (except religious
and scientific papers in which thoro arc
no objectionable articles) in enemy
languages or in Russinn, Finnish or
Ukrainian,   Thc order in council gives
TWENTY-FIVE   YEARS   AGO
Trades and Labor Council
November 17, 1893
F. W. Fowler and C. M. Galbraith
(Typo. Union) delegates, vice W. M.
Wilson and J. H. Browne resigned.
Victoria Trades and Labor Council
urged resusci tation of Provincial
Trades Congress.
John Connon submitted copy of a bill
drawn by himself entitled "The Trades
and Labor Protection Act."
authority to suppress any association
which advocates political, social or
economic changes by forco. This, notwithstanding the fact that tho whole
policy of tho government is based on
force! And that conscientious objectors to the use of forco are also for
bidden to hold mootings and issue pub
licationst
Freedom of conviction, froodom of
speech, froodom of assembly, freedom
to travel, a freo preBs, a freo parliament of representatives of tho people,
courts freo from outside influence, freodom of contact and freedom of trade—
if these aro to be increasingly "verboten" what is left of our boasted
"freo British institutions!"
There hns beon organizod an anti
Hun Leaguo. The object appears to bo
to foster antipathy to anything called
by a Gorman name. Wo submit that
tho true anti-Huns aro those who are
endeavoring to resist that spirit which,
rightly or wrongly, has commonly come
to bc associated in our minds with tho
term "German." The true anti-Huns
aro those who protest agaiaat "verbo*
ten" signs being hung all over the
placo1
To those who would perpctuato hatred, wc would cull attention to the last
words of Earl Grey, at ono timo Governor-General of Cauodtt. According to
Harold Begbie, who was commissioned
to convey his dying incssngo to mankind, Earl Groy said: "You know the
idea of thoso words—Ho being dead
yot spcaketh? A voice from tho grave
often gets a hearing. That's what I'm
after. I want you to make my voice
sound from the grame. I want to say
to people that there is a real way out
of all this moss materialism has got
them into. I've been trying to toll
them for thirty years. It's Christ's
way. Mazzini saw it. We'vo got to
give up quarreling. We've got to como
together. Wo've got to realizo that
we're all members of thc same family.
Thero's nothing that can help humanity. I'm perfectly sure thoro isn't—
perfectly sure—excopt love. Love is
thc way out, and the way up. That's
my farewell to tho world."
It may be important whether England or Germany wins this war. But
would not an Allied victory bo barren
if England is "Germanized" in the
process! If the war bo onc of idoalfl
is it not worth asking which ideal is
in reality winning out—democrncy or
"verboten"? Which is miming out
in Canada!
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD
Province of British Columbia
NOTICE
is hereby given thst, pursuant to Chapter 66
of thn Statutes of 1918, being the "Minimum Wage Act," a public meeting will be
held at the Court House, In tho City of Vancouver, on Wednesday, November IS, IBIS,
at 10 a. m., for tbe purpose of hearing anyone intereited In the establishment of a minimum wage for women engaged In mercantile
occupations in tho Province of British Columbia; that is to aay, employments In all places
where goods aro Bold or exposed or offered
for sale, including cigar stands, fruit stands,
news stands, millinery establishments, drug
stofes, book and stationery stores, bakery
and confectionery Btor-ei, produce houses,
dairies and machinery supply houses, etc.,
•tt,
A cordial invitation to bo present la extended to all those who desiro to be heard
on the above question before a minimum
wage U determined.
MINIMUM WAOE BOARD FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
J. D. McNIVEN, Chairman.
HELEN GREGORY MACOILL.
THOMAS MATTHEWS.
Victoria, B. C, Oct. 38, 1018.
CHANGE OF DATE
Owing to the continuance of the influenza epidomic and tho prohibition of
public gatherings, the abovo meeting,
advertised for the 13th inst., has been
postponed until Wednesday, December
•4th, 1918, at tho samo hour and place.
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD.
Shipyard Workers
ATTENTION
After that cold wet day when you
are chilled to the bone you will want
a good hot bath and a warm houae,
We havo such a place near the
Klngsway carline—a 5c fare.
This houBo has a tight roof.
It Is artistically decorated within
and freshly  painted without,
It was built for the owner himself,
so you could livo in it Ave years and
get your money back. We could always soil it for you.
The price ant) torms aro right.
It hns a large garden of fertile
soil and somo fruit trees.
Tlie ground Blones gently to the
cast, affording drainage, so the basement Is dry and healthy.
There is city water, Bowerago connections, electric light, bathroom and
toilet; a full basement with laundry
talis and hot air furnace.
If interested kindly call or phono
thu  undersigned.
Dow Fraser Trust Co.
122 HASTINGS STRSET WEST
Flione Seymour 0080
—WE—
Buy and Sell
Victory Bonds
Phono Bond Dept.      Bey, 1424
JOSEPH F. MORRIS
363   PENDER   STBEET  WEBT
Something Showing the Date!
Why not something for your homo to commemorate thc
WONDERFUL EVENT—a grandfather clock or a mantel clock, a cabinet of flatware or a silver tea service,
specially engraved to commemorato tho groat Victory!
This would becomo historic—your children would prize it
abovo anything.
Some specially fino Grandfather Clocks, with clear, deep-
toned chimes. Also fino Tea
Services.
oeo. B. thorey, Man. Dir.  OranviUe and Georgia Sts.
—SAVE TOUB 1IOVBT—
8TABT A BAMS AOCOTOt Dl
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't stow away your spare auk Ib
any old eorner where lt Is In deafer
from burglars or Bra.
Tho Merchants Bank of Canada offers yon perfect safety for yonr
money, and will give yon foil banting
service, whether your account la larga
or small.
Intereat allowed  on  savings  deposits.
O. K. STAGEY, Hanagar
Oraivllla and Pender
W. 0. JOT. Hanagar
Haitlnga aad Oarrall
nroOBPOBATBD I860
Bank of Toronto
Assets  184,000,000
Deposits  63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Savings Account may bt
opened at The Bank of Toronto
li the names of two or more
persons. In these accuunts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different membera of
a family or a firm a joint account Is
often a great convenience, Intereat ia
paid on balances.
Vanconver Branch:
Goner Hastings and Gambia Street!
Branches at:
Victoria,  Merritt,   Hew  Westmlnitor
Dentistry!
 ,   Brl4|M   ud   lUllBif
mete eat tame shade a, tea eta
utanl twtb.
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opea evenings 7:80 to  8:86.
Dental nurse in attendance,
GOB.   OBAWXLLB   AMD   BOBfeOB
STREETS
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Bay. BSS8
Notary Public
A. W.  WH1TAK1R
439 Richards Street
Shipwrights
Tko Shipwrights report a largo numbor of mombors down with flu.    So
far no death havo  oeourred  amongst
the mombors of this organization.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
To membera of any union In Canada •
speolal rate for The Federatlonist, $1.18
per yoar— If a club of 10 or morale sent in.
"The House Behind the Otodi"
•Lend the Way
They Fight"
Buy Victory Bonds
How many?
To your utmost
THE W. H. MALKIN CO., LTD.
VANOOTTVEE, B. 0.
"Your Country Is Calling"
BONDS
If yon are considering the pnrohw
or aale of Government or Municipal
bonda communicate with
P4TBICK   DOOTTBLLT
736 Oranvllle 8k. Vancouver. B. 0
 At the J. N. Harvey Union Olothing Storei	
IF YOU NEED
AN OVERCOAT
BUY IT NOW, AND BUY IT AT THE RED ARROW STORES
You will find quality beter and prices moro reasonable than you expect
becnuso we bought enrly on tho lower mnrkot, but ennnot buy again at
the snmo pricos, so thoso who buy hero now will havo grent ndvantage in
both quality and price. •*,
OVERCOATS—*In   a   largo   varioty   of   colorings   and   styloB,   at
$20, $25, 830, $35, HO to $50
jt^ BAINCOATS—In tho new twocd-covored
^Hpp stylos;  pluin grey nnd   fancy   plaidB*
^^^r somo with and some without bolts.
^T Prices  116, $18, 120 and 125
•GS^
HMdtMttMi for Union Men'i OntflU
\
125-127 Hastings St. W.
Alio 614-616 Yatei Si, Victoria, B.O.
—Look for.the Big Red Arrow Sign — FRIDAY...
..November 15, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Unusual Piano Values
A partial liBt of UPRIGHT and PLAYER PIANOS at greatly reduced prices.    *
SOME only "shop-worn," or styles that have been discontinued by manufacturer.
SOME returned from rental, or repossessed.
SOME taken in exchange.
ALL hi Al condition and representing dollar value
STRETCHED TO THE LIMIT. That overworked term
"BARGAIN," which has served as a oloak for ANYTHING
from a ship's anchor to a superanuated gas range, does not
here apply. These instruments are exactly as described and
afford LEGITIMATE opportunity for SUBSTANTIAL SAVING.
UPRIGHT PIANOS
Gerhard Helnteman, Handsome UUhIou,
aoarlr aew, was $560, now....$375.00
Eeheraon, Mission, waB $350, now $265
Standard,   Golden  Oak,   was   $475.00,
mow    _ $360.00
Haines Bros. Louis XV., mahogany, ex*
quiaito design, "shop worn," was
$600, now  $476.00
Hainos Bros., Library Mission, latest
deBlgn, "shop worn," was $600.00,
now _  $460.00
Oollard A Collard, in excellent order,
now -\ $100.00
Canada Mfg. Co., Rosewood, a veritable bargain, was $875, now $260.00
Boll, Eboniied, beautiful tone, Upright
Grand, was $450, now $200.00
Mason,  mahogany, very attractive, was
$400, new  - $286.00 	
Someone has said, "WHAT'S IN A NAME!" Tho names of THESE
PIANO BUILDERS convey somothing—thoy spoil CERTAINTY OF
MERIT.   They are known wherever music is fostered and propagated,
PLAYER PIANOS
Bell, Leaie XV., walnut, was $1000.00.
mow  »700.00
Boll, Mis-lion, was $000, now $660.00
New   Scalo   WilliamB,   mahogany,   was
$1000,  »ow  $750.00
Boll,   Walnnt   Colonial,   wu   $860.00,
now   .....$660.00
B-'ll, Mahogany, was $925, now..$760.00
Milton, Mission, was $900, now. $625
It must bo remembered that THIB STOCK is constantly shifting and
ohanging. Quick action is advisablo if you would secure any one of tho
instruments abovo listed. EVERT INSTRUMENT GUARANTEED.
Terms arranged.
524-628 GRANVILLE STBEET
VANCOUVER, B. O.
A Good
Investment
Tou can make no better invest-
meat, particularly at this season of
thc year, than in tho purchase of
GOOD SHOES
Wiao buyers always buy dependable footwear whou thoy can do so
at a reasonable price.
Tkis store specialize on reliable
ah«ei—and, quality considered, our
prUes are MOST reasonable.
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
119 HASTINOS STREET EAST
Shoes for tbe Whole Family
Australia's Wheat Tragedy
•Mc**** ****** ****** ******
The Farmers' Millions of Pounds
With   the   announcement   by   the [ter,  perhaps,  the  public  will  never
"LABOR UNREST"
An old friend by the name of "A
Working Man" has made his appearance in tho columns of the capitalistic
pross. By him we aro told tho real,
rock-bottom causo of "Lnbor unrest."
It ieemi that wo havo boon wandering in a maze concerning this much-
argued mattor. Ho assures us that the
"high cost of living" has nothing to
do with the growing discontent in our
midst. He lin-ds that thc weak spots
in our economic lifo aro "decreased
production, Gorman gold, I.W.W.-ism,
paid agitators!—but why repeat the
whole programmef Wo have henrd of
them many, many times.
In ihort, the "fellow workor" is sure
that wo aro taking advantage of thc
nation's extremity to hotter our own
conditions.
What our "fellow worker," whose
ideas find a prominent place in tho columns of tho capitalistic press, fails to
percoire, however, is that tho struggle
betwoen privilege nnd the common
good goes on today just ns -it did before tho war. In no singlo instance
can it be shown that capitalism hus
abatod its ago-loug war agninst tho
workors. In almost evory instance it
can be shown that during wnr time
capitalism nas attacked the workers
, with a ferocity unheard of previously.
According to the employer class, unless its privileges are maintained and
advanced the war will be lost: the
capitalist syatem must not only be continued, but extended as much ns possible und the minds of the workers are
confused by a dozen different issues.
Labor unrest develops because thc
workors find thomsolves exploited undor the guise of patriotism. They are
restless because thoy do not see the
birth of industrial democracy, as promised them by tho politicians in exchange for their votes; because the
privileged class has failed to give them
the "greater share of the rights and
opportunities of life" to which they
aro entitled. Hence it is that distrust
is in the minds of the workers, nnd for
very good reason, too.
The workers know today that capitalism does not intend to grant them
any moro rights than it has grudgingly
grantod thom in tho past; while at the
samo timo, it expects, and Is endeavoring, to control industry oven more securely than heretofore.
Tho workors know that if thoy want
anything in lifo—if thoy want to livo
at all—thoy havo to be prepnrcd to
flght for it.
Labor unrost will go on, despite thc
drawing-room essays in tho capitalistic
press or folk of the "Working Man"
typo, until such timo as thc workors
come into their dwji, Then, and not
till then, wilt Labor unrest bo a thing
of tho past.
—W. T. A. in Australian Worker.
Patronize B. C. Federationist advertisers and toll them why you do so.
THE MACHINE
They can curse thoso wheels as they
like. Thoy can rago against thc flying
licits aud whirling, shining loops of
leather to tho ccholcss shriek of doom,
but 1 love them, I was born withiu
sight of the factory walls, and the first
sound my young cars heard was thc
whirr of these wheels—thoso shining,
immaculate wheels.
They sang a song to mo then as now,
when all day long I can watch them
aud thrill to tho throbbing as they
send out clothes to tho people, making
beauty for bodies that otherwise might
go unclad.
Thoy spin; they weave; they broidcr;
thoy stitch, filling my brain with the
stinging lire of freedom.
Others may cry for their noodles and
home-made lace; may scream for the
glory of hand-labor, but with the bolts
and tho wheols, the shine and cleanliness and speed of those over-running
machino noodles, I laugh as I .stitch up
scam after scam.
Tied to itf No more than humanity
is tied to thc wheel of tho world, spinning rouud aud round with it until
one after another drops off into tho
voiceless void beneath.
"Why should I cry at the soul of my
age—this roaring, racing machine
which has made me part of it, when all
about it hovers the gleam of Boauty,
and the hopo of a great light bringing
fuller life to me and my working
brothers und sistersf Harsh? It is
kind; it is human. Its desire is to
shorten thc hours of toil, and ils pulse
is a-bout with Liberty, though few
have felt the lire of that pulse.
Outside whore the people walk I eau
hear thc sound of their footstops echoing tho past ages in tho dust—the stone
age, the bronze age, tho iron age.
The iron age? There goes the Boss
through his factory now on inspection,
lie looks upon me us his slavo paying
mo bits of silver for my toil;
but already he is old and
I anl young, young as this shining
machine. He thinks ho cnn break thc
bodies of my class for ever on his
wheols, using up every ounco of
strength and energy for his own gain,
but I und thoy know differently.
It is the (leuth-kncll of his reign
that thc wheels are turning. The stoam
and smoke and lire aro stifling him
though ho knows it not; though he is
too ogotistie and far too ignorant to
porcoivo that tho leisure of Labor lies
hero a-roarin rest through its mighty
soul.
Fur ucroBS the world the iron guns
toil out the end of their age, whilo
these leuthcr loops throb the beginning
of lifo and hopo for tho world; loisuro
to think and dream lios in tbeir whirling.
Lot thom curso thoso wheels. I lovo
them, for I am tho fruit of my age,
with hoart ond mind singing its leather
song—u spark in thc working muchine
which has como to conquer Work.
—Zora Cross in Austrnlian Worker.
Acting Prime Minister, that the huge
wheat surplus in Australia will probably have to be sold at a reduced
price, we are now about to enter
upon what will go down ln Australian
history as one of the most tragic
happenings during the war.
The farmers ol Australia are about
to suffer a gigantic loss—for which
the Federal Nationalist "Wlnrthe**
War" government must be held entirely responsible. No doubt plenty
ot excuses will be put forth by the
government as to its failure to keep
faith with the farmers when election
day comes round again. A brief recapitulation of the position, therefore, Is timely.
One of the big cards played by the
Win-the-War" government at the
last election was Its promise to the
farmers to successfully handle the
wheat harvests, and secure tor the
farmers higher prices than ever before. From one end of Australia to
the other W. M. Hughes and his political henchmen assured tho farmers
tbat only under a "Win-the-War" government could their interests be safeguarded. They must grow more and
more wheat; upon the efforts of the
farmers the Empire depended. Speaking at Bendigo on March 27, 1917—
that is, eighteen mouths ago*—Hughes
said:
"The question of food supplies is
absolutely vital. Upon an ample supply of food all depends; Australia's
duty in this great crisis is obvious.
We must make available In increasing quantities the products necessary
to enable the Empire and Its Allies
to win the war. . . . The
Commonwealth has decided upon a
policy whioh will encourage the farmer to increase the acreage under
cultivation. . . Farmers, therefore,
can get to work straight away on
new and old ground with the positive
assurance that, come peace or war,
slump in the market, scarcity of
freight, or what not, thoy are assured
of at least 4s. a bushel f.o.b. for
their wheat crops for 1917-1918 and
1918-1919. ThiB, I think, will put
great heart into our farmers."
Upon that pledge Hughes secured
the votes of the farmers. The vital
necessity of wheat-growing was further emphasized ln a atatement made
by Hughes in the Federal Parliament in June, 1917, as follows:
"If the people of this country are
to bear the tremendous burden of the
war, they can only do so by producing ln abundance and selling their
products."
Having enjoined on the farmers the
necessity of growing as muoh wheat
as possible, and having guaranteed
them a price for their harvests two
years ahead, the matter of shipping
the product was the next question.
But Hughes, true to label (as far as
promises are concerned), again rose
to the occasion with the following
statement (see "S. M. Herald,"
20-7-'17):
"Being seized of the vital Importance of shipping to the national,
economic, and financial welfare of
the nation, and of the urgent need
of increasing by all means at our
disposal the supply of available ton
nage, and realizing that in no other
way could Australia more effectively
aid the Empire in tbe prosecution of
the war than by adjusting Its industries and encouraging products for
export purposes, and transporting
them to Britain and her Allies, the
government decided to launch upon
this great national enterprise of
shipbuilding."
Several months passed, and as no
ships made their appearance lt be-
came necessary to inspire the farmers with fresh confidence. This
Hughes did, in a speech in the Sydney .Town Hall, on November 14th,
1917.    He said:
"Ships aro the very life of the Empire. Without them this country
cannot carry on. Realizing this, we
placed an order in America for the
building of 14 vessels, and I am glad
to say that the first of these will be
launched a fortnight from to-day.
.... Others will be forthcoming
in due order."
Thus in November last year the
position roughly was this: The farmers were to work 'their hardest to
produce a huge wheat surplus: they
were guaranteed a set price for two
seasons ahead: they were guaranteed that it would be shipped oversea and sold; a shipping scheme was
to he launched ln Australia to help
carry off their wheat, and pending
the construction of Australian-built
ships 14 vessels were ordered overseas—the first of which was to be
launched at the eiid of November
last.
But what is the real position to*
day? Over 4,000,000 tons of wheat
are stacked In Australia; another
harvest will shortly be garnered and
added to the accumulated stocks;
there Is grave danger of a huge loss
lu the accumulated stocks by deterioration, mice plagues, or decay; of
the shijis ordered from America over
a year ngo but one has arrived, although il wns understood tlmt from
tlio end of last November they were
to be forthcoming "in due order"; of
the ships to be built ln Australia for
wheat-carrying purposes, not one has
been launched.
Ami now the farmers are told, nlmost Insolently, that a lower price
will have to he accepted If the wheat
Is to be sold nt all!
Despite the assurances of Hughes
during the last election, and during
the last conscription campaign, that
the wheat would be shifted with all
due haste, W. A. Watt announced,
at the end of last month, that "practically eight months of this year had
slipped nway, and so far they hud
not been nlile to arrange for the sale
of the exportable surplus of laat year
or of the year before."
Much has already been written in
the columns of The Worker ahout the
treatment accorded the farmers as
regards tho selling price of wheat—
that while the Australian harvest was
being sold at 4s. 9d. f.o.b. (the farmers actually getting far below this
figure), New Zealand wheat was bs-
Ing sold at 5s. lOd. to 6s. 2d., Canadian and U.S. wheat at 9s. 2%d. (now
ln some cases at 10s. !>d.), and Argentine wheat was as high as 14s.
per bushel.
There Is no need to expound further on that sorry part of ths business. Neither is there any need to
repeat here the mystery surrounding
the freight rates paid for wheat exported from Australia, on which mat-
be   fully   informed   by  those   who
know.
The Federal "Win-the-War" government professed an almost religious
regard for the welfare of the farmers
.when lt was a matter ot getting their
votes. Today the same government
practically confesses that it has failed in the handling of one ot the most
important businesses of the Commonwealth. Not only has it played false
with the farmers of this country,
wnoso sons went in their thousands
to swell the ranks of the Australian
armies abroad, but it has played false
with the hunger-stricken people of
the Allied countries as well.
It stands to our shame that while
mothers, driven by the lash of hunger, sold their children; while old
men and women died with the cry
of "bread" on their lips; while thousands upon thousands of little children were sent to school without
their breakfast; while huge crowds
of people fought like savages ln food
queues; while almost all Europe was
living on "sawdust" rations—millions
of tons of wheat were, and still are,
stacked in this country, unable to
be lifted because of the blunderlngs
of a "Win-the-War" government,
which was more concerned with Its
own political welfare than the needs
of our farming community and the
wants of millions of starving souls
oversea.
Today we are permitted to learn
the truth. No ships are. available to
transport the wheat ln anything like
decent quantities. The farmers, who
naturally are more than a little uneasy as to the outcome of the whole
sad bungling, are told that "unfor-
seen circumstances" have arisen,
that the Oovernment has done lta
best, and that it Is useless for them
to complain.
Had the government instituted a
shipbuilding policy on something approaching businesslike lines two years
ago, there could have been a fleet ot
wheat carriers on the water today,
transporting our wheat overseas ln
ever-increasing quantities, and thus
saving the farmers from the possibility of black ruin.
Had the Government been more
concerned in helping the Allied nations by supplying them with foodstuffs instead of trying to break the
back of Unionism in this country, a
different stony may have been told
today. At a time when we could be
assisting actively to feed the troops
and civilian populations oversea, and
partaking ot the unusual prosperity
because of the high prices prevailing,
we find ourselves unable to rise to
the occasion because of the ineptitude of a government which, instead
of trying to do something practical,
has spent almost the whole of Its
time in scheming and plotting as to
the best methods of defeating the
Labor Party and smashing the workers' political and Industrial organizations.
It is said that experience iB dearly
bought; in the matter of the farmers-
wheat this Is very true Indeed. But
lt the farmers are wise to their own
Interests they will remember the bit*
tqr experience thoy suffered nt tho
hands of thc Hughes-Cook governmont
when, ln the near future, they are
called upon to record their votes.
—W.F.A. in The Australian Worker.
PAGE FIVE
TO
PAY INDEMNITY
Much Juggling: With Gold
and Reserves of
Coin
Dispatches regarding the action ln
respect to the Russian government's
gold reserve, by the Bolshevik government first and the anti-Bolshevik
government at Omsk afterward, have
been somewhat vague. We had learned of occasional tralnloads of gold,
sent trom Petrograd to Berlin for
part payment of the 6,000,000,000
marks 'war damage Indemnity" imposed by Germany on Russia, Then
came a recent cable quoting the Bolshevik authorities as announcing
(possibly in the light ot late war
news) that they had concluded not
to pay the remaining balance. A day
or two later we are Informed that the
independent Omsk regime, into whose
Siberian territory 800,000,000 rubles
of Russian state gold had been sent
for safe-keeping by the Bolsheviki,
had refused to give it up. The whole
confused transaction throws curious
light on one incident of the war
which has been wholly new to our
generation. One of the legends of
the Napoleonic wars Ib that the
Rothschilds then won their place aB
International bankers by taking
charge ot the state treasure of certain German principalities, protecting
it from the French invaders and investing it, to the ultimate great advantage of the original owners. In
this war the similar problem affected
such huge masses of treasure as the
$828,000,000 gold in the Bank of
France, the $800,000,000 of the Imperial Bank ot Russia, and the $66,-
000,000 gold and silver ln the Bank of
Belgium.
All these immense reserves of coin
and bullion have been moved from
place to place during the war.   The
French Bank's gold and silver Is supposed to have heen sent to Bordeaux
when  Von   Kluck   was  approaching
Paris.   According to belief, the Bank
of Belgium sent Its metallic reserves
to London, where lt Is still kept as
a special account at the Bank of England.   When the Russian Revolution
occurred In March of 1917, $738,000,-
000 gold was still held by the Imperial Russian Bank, chiefly at Petrograd and Moscow.   It was not stated
what was done with lt, either then
or in the subsequent Bolshevik counter-revolution.   If, as is now reported,
$400,000,000 had heen sent to Siberia,
boyond tho reach of city   mobs,  and
If Germany has a good part ot the
rest, then we may yet se some Interesting  work   in   reconstructing  the
state bank's position.   One Is reminded ot the Bank of Amsterdam, concerning which Adam Smith wrote ln
1776, ln his "Wealth of Nations,' that
nobody except the directors knew the
amount of the gold reeerve and that
they were sworn to seoreoy, but that
the  whole   financial  world  believed
that the reserve was adequate.   In
|,1796 the French revolutionary army,
having  captured   Amsterdam,   made
for the Bank at once.   Breaking into
Its vaults, they found that no gold
reserve was  there at all.    To  this
dny, nobody knows what had become
of It.
Maybe you think
beeauae an Armistice has been
signed—because Peace seems
to be permanently implanted
once more—that everything from
now on. will be hunky-dory, soft
and snappy, and you'll have nothing to do but shout and be
happy.
DON'T THINK ITI Let us tell
you that good woollens will, for
a long while to come, be more
scarce than ever. We've likely
taken on the job to feed and
clothe the whole world now instead of only ourselves and
Allies. You who are wise should
buy your
FORD SUITS
now, right now. Overcoats, too.
Do it while the stock offers so
wide a choice and variety, and
whilo we can sell you at present
prices.
CUSTOM
M4DB
HIGHEST
SUIT PRIOBS
MEN'S from ™ ISS
WOMEN'S from  MS
ONION
Throughout
Hastings
St. West
South Side
BetweenHomer
eai  Hamilton
The Practical Shoe Men
Wood & Son
187 Hastings Street East
(Opposite Carnegie Library)
Belittle Union Shoes for the
whole family, at worken'
prices.
Ten per cent off to Returned
Soldiers.
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
It looks ns though Bulgaria surrendered just in the nick of timo. According to Cons ul-General Murphy, who is
in Sofia, tho workmen and soldiers in
that city were engaged in a continuous discussion of Bolshevikism and
'' anarchy'' wa,s making tremendous
progress just before Cznr Ferdinand
abdicated nnd scooted for Vienna or
Berlin. Murphy says it became a mat
ter of daily routinrj for tho workmen
and soldiers to assemble in front of the
czar's palace and pass laws that they
'ntended to enforce. Whother or not
a crimp will now he put in the ambitious plans of the Bulgarian anti-imperialistic agitators is not known, but
in all probability if the Allies go
through with the self-determination
principle the poople, who forced thi
surrender of the militarists, will be
heard from some more. In fact, a revo*
lution is said to bo raging in some sections of Bulgaria at present.
A man is oducatod only in so fur as
he is nblo to relate his knowledge and
acquirements to tho business of humnn
living hero and now.
Vancouver Lumber Co., Ltd.
!|!f*P IWSouth End Connaught Bridge
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber of AU Kinds
BUY VICTORY BONDS
Learning is not education. A man
may possess a vast amount of learning
and yet be a fool. Here information
is not education. To know how to
mnke the right use of information is
the only education. The encyclopedia
is pucked with all the scientific and
literary facts of the world, but it can
not  use one of them.
There is a great deal more loarning
than education in the world. Our
schools and colleges nre for the most
part well called, "Institutions of
Learning.'' That they are, but of
education, I am sorry to say—not. To
yoke up learning with life must tie
thc great educational work of the
future.—Bruce Calvert, in The Open
Road.
At ilie Pence Conference—"Judge,"
id tlie man itt thc bar, "there's no
use trying to squire this thing up, My
wife and 1 fight just so often nnd just
so long, unit wo cun't help it. So then?
you aro."
"And1 about how lung do you keep
it up?" asked Ihe judge.
'About two weeks, judge,"
'All   right.    I'll   give-  you   fifteen
lays in jail;  in other words, you are
interned for the duration of tlie wnr."
Richmond Times-Dispatch,
The Soviet government has establish-
ed a labor university in Moscow for
tlie purpose of touching all branches
social economics. A large building
formerly occupied by n commercial organisation has been tnken over nnd in
divided into numerous class rooms, auditoriums for meetings, n large library,
etc., aud a score or more of educators
who command various languages are
employed in teaching thousands of Russians und vnrious other nationalities
who reside in Moscow or come from
other plnces to the new sent nf learning. Thus, besides the Russians, Ihere
nre facilities for Finns, Letts, Poles,
Rumanians, Germans, French, English,
Hungariuns nnd Italians. The1 boat
works written by authors of ull countries dealing with politicnl, economic
und social problems have boon obtained and are taught from the originals
or translations. It is declared thut
thoro is not n modern scientific, problem relating to socinl progress that will
not receive attention in the new Moscow university.
After an 18-weoks' strike for better
londitions that has involved the larger
stores in Muskegon, Mich., thc girl
clerks have broken their opponents'
Hne by "capturing" one large dry
goods concern.
Thc textile workers ask income tnx
authorities in Englaad to award earners un exemption of not less thnn $25
a year for clothes torn and destroyed
in their work.
In Norway, round figures show an incrcaso of, roughly, 14,000 sinco Inst
year, with a present total membership
of 9,1,000. Although thero woro 550
industrial disturbances during tho yenr,
thore wore only 44 strikos, affecting
only nbout 3000 men.
Denmark's unions have added withiu
the year 28,162 members, and now have
a strongth of 179,284, of which number
27,776 are women. Efforts to entice
Danish workmen to Germany have for
tho most part failed, it -is declared.
Patronize B. C. Fedorationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
PRICES   ON   ALL HATS  AND
TRIMMINGS GREATLY
REDUCED
ickCa
oMJ/Iinery*
632 OBANVILLE STBBBT
J. F. BURNS
Leather Goods Store
Ladlea' Hand Bag! > Specialty
AU Kind* of High Orade
Travelling Goodi
S19 OBANVILLE STBEET
Phone Sey. 2114   Vancouver, B.O.
What's in a Name?
To nad,*-ulf tht word "Oipftoas"
null tho Kit U th, world—te Tee-
coUTOr lh,
Orpheum Cafe
mu tko tort oaUif pUoo to ton;
mulo ud dinttof ia tke matte
Drop ia aay Ubo. >'(not earn
koojo la Vtncoavor.
Ttl  OEABTO.LB        Opp.  Oipkou
Uo,n„ No. 10.1756 .
f
TWO EJlTENTIAL-y OF!
GbodMllKl
JHEAUMYCOM
_W
^•■•■"■■o,.,'
That'll Put
Dimples in Your
Baby
Valley Dairy Special Approved Milk for Babies comes from ,1
famous herd of purebred Ilolstcins. Competent veterinarians ins.
regularly for health, and thus ensure tho quality and purity of th
and milk houses are spotlessly clean. Each lot of milk, as it is d
cow, is tested for richness, quality and purity. The result: Children
our milk soon grow dimples.   Ask the mother who uses it.
PHONE BAY. 563
=VALLEY DAIRY
Canada Food Board License 9-12240 PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT..
...November 15, 1918
When It Comes to Values
Just See WILSON'S Specials
NO, SIR, you have no idea how good a shoe can be at $7.00
until you come here and see it. For men who feel that $7
is enough to spend) for shoes, we make a special feature of giving them unusual value.   Why not be among them?
Recede Toe Model, $7.00
In block calf with invisible eyelets, low walking heel nnd dresHy
appenrancc. With leather koIo
and heel  $7.00
Black citlf witli fibre solo nnd rubber heel  $7,50
High Toe Model, $7.50
Your choice of either laco or button, ln black calf with heavy solo.
Looks woll, feels and wears well,
at  $7.60
In mahogany brown with leather
bole.    Priced  $8.00
With Neolin Bole, lace only. Price
at .*. $8.00
Don't Say You Can't   You can Buy Another
VICTORY BOND
_   WILSONS'   ___
SHOES Exclusive Men's Store shoes
157-159 Hastings St. W.
New Cambie Stnet
CESSATION BF IHE
MISSING TEETH
ARE MISSING LINKS
—in your appearance—your comfort—your health.
Lot mo Bhow you how I cnn, by expert crown or bridge work,
restore thoso toeth so that they harmonize perfectly with
your natural toeth, restore your appearance and greatly improve your general health.
Let me examine yonr teeth and advise you as to the cost of replacing
those missing teeth.
X-Bay fllmi Ukan If b-scm-
■ary;   tu-ytar   -furuUai
flTtn.
PHOVB 8BT. 8SS1
Examination!   madt  oa
thou appolntmontf.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown ud Bridge Sptdallit
002 Hustings Street Weit, Cor. Seymour
Offlce open Tuesday and Friday Evenings until 8 o'clock
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year'a ■obaoriptlon to Tke B,
C. FederationiBt, will be mailed to any address in Canada for $12.60. (Good anywhere
ontiide of Vancouver olty.) Order ten to*
day.   Remit when told.
PATRONIZE B. C, FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Superior
Printing
AT MODERATE
PRICES
Telephone:
Sey. 7495
LABOR TEMPLE
The FEDERATIONIST
can supply all your Printing
needs. No Job too large or
too small. First-class workmanship, good ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
SUPERIOR PRINTING
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
■■■■■■■■
Both Were Baked
From the Same
Quantity of Flour
SEEMS almost impoRtilblo that two euch contrasting results should bo
produced from 'liko quantities of flour. Vet thla Is exactly what
happens when ono flour is richer In gluton than tho other. In this way
you have an Illustration of tlio difference between flours ,nnd why It is
necessary for our chemists to continually test wheat In order to produce
tho greatest possible baking results.
Mlft»
Proporty handled, will always prodttco tlia larger loaf. With Ihe highest
gluten test of nuy government-grade flour milled, It is likewise quick in
rising, easiest handled and best for use with substitute*, Uniform in
"oven spring," color anil grain, it will he found to remedy mnny of your
baking troubles. ROYAL STANDARD Fl-OUJt Is illfferont—our laboratory tests make It bo.
(fur laboratories urn at the sorvico of nny
hoiiM-wlfe who may liave baking troubles or
who (li'niri'H Information on improved methods. We extend u persons! invitation to
you to cnll or write un regarding them.
^NCOUVERff^UNG &GRAIN @.»p
Vancouver, B.C.   A
Soldiers and Workers Both
Have Interests in
Common
[By Walter Hoad]
The population of tho allied coun
tries bave undoubtedly been giving
freo roin to their joy, if the celebration
held in Vancouver on Monday, Nov.
11, is any criterion, and no ono will
deny tho fact that there was causo
for joy—tho more fact of tho stoppage
of bloodshed is a sufficient causo for
celebration. Tho defeat of tho German
military power is a defeat of tho German ruling class, and through this do-
feat tbe Gorman people mny or may
not como into their own. Present in
dications aro that influences are at
work to prevont tho successful carrying out of the German revolution. The
Vancouvor World recently statod editorially that "Tbo present revolution
is a revolution of red flag Socialists.
How far it may go aud what excesses
it may lead to no one can foretell. But
there would undoubtedly be good
grounds for Denmark intervening with
militury force, and thc Allies would undoubtedly bo entitled to help if thoy
thought proper."
Another nrtiolo also states that "It
is not impossible that Canadian troops
own Bolsheviks. Whether the defeat
of the German ruling class is going to
benefit the masses of tho Allied countries if? it problem tbat can only bo
solved by unM action on the part of
the producing class of all countries, and
unless these classes get together _____
joy will be speedily turned to ubrrow.
The problems of reconstruction will not
bo solved by the discovery of additional foreign markets upon which to
dump the surplus products of tho toilers. That is tho only solution tbe
commercial interests have, as evidenced
by an editorial appearing in the Daily
Provinco of Octobor 20, which states
tbat "commercial mon aro importuning
tbo government of Canada to conduct
trado research work" in order to discover these additional markets, Theso
business intorests point out that "when
tho war. ends a large part of the machinery of production will havo lost its
market, and many men and women will
be idle."' They also point out "tbat
the country whieh, in advance, finds a
market for its surplus products will
come out of tbis industrial crisis witb
credit and safety.   , •-
Tbe World in an editorial at about
the samo timo states that "Thero will
be wars in the future, though perhaps
novcrs another world-wide war.     This
last statement ahould really havo been
appended to the Province editorial, for
one is a corollary of tho other.   Wars
will undoubtedly bc fought    in    thc
futuro and will continue to bc fought
as loug as thc finding of markets is
made a competitive struggle, for what
is to become    pf    the    country    that
doesn't find a "market for its surplus
products?"   There lies -the basic cause
of all wars, "production for profit,
and the profiteers are already busying
themselves in an endeavor to perpetuate their war-provoking system.    The
Methodist   Conference   recently   said
that "production for profit must go,"
but aro thoy prepared to assist in making it go?   And aro thc workers prepared to tako over the ownership of
tbo   machinery   of   production   whicb
they and they alone operate?    These
aro questions which demand au answer
forthwith.    If  the  workers   arc   not
prepared to do this then the fruits of
the victory over autocracy will bo bitter fruits indeed.    In this the work-:
ers and tbe soldiers must  co-operate, j
and not only co-operato but form themselves into a solid mass.   Tbe need for
this is demonstrated every dny.   Men
who have been fighting for democracy
are daily coming to the Labor Tcmplol
seeking the elusive job,    and    being
placed whenever possible, but jobs tire
getting scarce.    This fact    is    being
made apparent by tho large numbers
of men who nre coming to Vancouver
looking for work, many of whom have
boen induced to come hero from otber
provinces by glowing stories of jobs
going around  begging,   only   to   find
that tbey have been fooled.   Men band
themselves together, not because thoy
havo any particular love for one another, but bocauso economic necessity
forces them to do so.    They find that
in  ordor  to  protect  themselves   they
must, act   collectively.    The   returned
soldiers havo banded    themselves    together in order to protect themselves,
nnd their ono source of weakness lies
in tbo multiplicity of their organizations.   They arc not nlone in this respect, for organized labor is suffering
from the same weakness.    In order to
become a power the soldier and Labor
must unite and put aside tlieir potty
tiiiterences, and present, a solid front to
those interests who are attempting to
reconstruct the prosont outgrown system of production for profit.   It is for
producers to say whether wars are to
take place in thp future over the disbursement of the products of their toil.
The monied interests are afraid of a
move of this character and at every
opportunity have attempted to stir up
trouble between the soldier and organ-'
i/.ed Lnbor by taking advantage of the
state of mind, brought about  by tho
war, when people's minds have been
working in  abnormal  channels.     Tbe
Hon. F. C. Carvell recently said tbat
"many Labor leaders were influenced
by seditious doctrines."    The cry of
pro-German lias been raised at every
opportunity the exhorbitnnt (?) wages
paid to the workers have been contrast*
ed with tho $1.60«a day paid to the soldier,  and   every   expedient   has  been
used to discredit the organized labor
movemont in the eyes of the soldier.
But tbe time is just approaching when
these interests will lie shown to all in
their true light and found to be dollar
patriots pure and simple.
Sir Robert Borden's letters to the
Hon. T, W. Crotber's slightly takes the
wind out uf Carvel's sails when he says
that during the administration of the
Labor Department by Mr. Crothers
"there has not been more genernl labor
disturbances in Cnnnda than in any
other pn*t of the Empiro.''
These monied interests will soon be
looking for the payment of their thirty
pieces of silver, and according to the
press tbey are rather large pieces, for
Uncle Sum has the measly sum of
$7,752,07'1,000 coming from the Allies,
which isn't a btwl sum to draw for
fighting for domocracy. However, the
worker should not worry any about
moro trifles like that. If all tbey need
is it job, these figures on paper are so
much Greek to them, unless they bap-
RURAL UNIONISM IN ENGLAND
Below follow threo extracts from
British papers which camo to hand in
tho last mail. A few remarks aro attached thereto. These extracts show how
rapidly thc farm workors in the Old
Country aro joining thoir union and
how wonderfully a few years' agitation
has transformed them from mere clods
pulling forelocks to tho parson and the
squiro to self-respecting human beings
taking an intelligent interest in the affairs of their nation and tho world.
Tho first is a sub-loader taken from
JuBtico, which will bo of interest to
those who havo read of thc fato of tbe
first beginnings of rural unionism in
Dorchester.   It reads:
" Dorohcster, is ono of the dullest
counties in Great Britain. Thoro tbe
agricultural laborors were porhaps, as
badly paid as in any of tho southern
and western counties. It seemed as if
they would nover wake up, and tho difficulties in tho way of combination
against their employers—tho farmers,
who are in a conspiracy to koop down
tho rate of wages—appeared insurmountable. But even in Dorchester
there is a stir among tho workors on tho
Boil. Thoy aro affiliating to tho Agricultural Workers Union; they aro holding -demonstrations in tho towns; they
are joining up witb branches of other
trado unions; thoy aro beginning to demand not only higher wages, but a hold
upon thc land. Altogether tho outlook
is encouraging. Let us hopo that tho
larger unions will not, as in Joseph
Arch's day, forty years ago, neglect
their country brethren. Thc timo for
for action is now."
Tho last two sentonces nro as applicable to Canada as to Britain. Job.
Ar?Vs movement will be referred to
later.
Tfee iiext quotation is taken from the
columns of tho Railway Beviow, thc
official organ of tho National Union of
Eailwaymon, membership 402,000. It is
tho report of a mooting jointly organized by the /railway mon and the farm
workers and addressed by their organizers. It is an evidence not only that
thc farm workers are being organized
through the activities of the outlying
branches of the Railwaymen's Union,
but that' they aro giving attention to
serious world politics. In this, it must
bo stated, they aro setting othors of us
an excellent example. The report rends
briefly:
"A mass moeting of railway men
agricultural laborers and other workers
was held at Wymondhnm, Leicestershire, on June 30. Tbo following resolution was carried by acclamation;
'That wo urge upon every worker, man
and woman, to join thoir respective
trndes unions to securo (1) a living
wage, shorter hours, proper housing find
equal education for all children; (2) to
sceurc peace at tbe earliest possible moment; (3) to help -in forming a Leaguo
of Nations to^ prevont futuro wars.' ''
The third quotation is from tho Radical London Daily News. It is written
by F. E. Green, who is n well-known
ndvocnto of small holdings in tbo Old
Country. Tho Moot, to Which Mr.
Green refers is, of course, the term used
to describe the ancient gatherings of
villagers to discuss matters of interest
to thc village. From the term is derived our phrase "moot question." Says
Mr. Green:
"I alighted at tho Cathedral City.
Inside the ball, in every scat was a faco
eager, bronzed by the sun and tho sea
winds, full of hopo. Across the plain
from the seaboard aud thc estuaries of
little rivers, men had tramped seven or
eight miles to listen to vote , to state
their demands. It was a village unheard of by 90 tourists out of a 100,
five hundred sons of the soil had enrol-1
led themselves in a branch.
'I journeyed to a feudal country
town, crowned by its Catholic cathedral and dominated by the grent castle
of an historic family.' Six months ago
not a sign of trades union organization
rufflod the surface of thc medinaval atmosphere. Trade ■unionism was anathema even to the workers themselves. Today, no fewer than 230 laborers are enrolled in this brnnch of the Workers
Union—dukes' men, farmers' men, gentlemen's men.
"It is no longer merely trade union
organization; it is tho Village Moot.
All questions of public interest arc discussed. Not only wages nnd hours, and
cottage rents, but land cultivation, allotments, food control, local and parliamentary representation. It has superseded the moribund parish council. It
nominates members for the food control committee, for urban and parish
councils, even for parliament. Yesterday its members were divided into two
hostile camps—Liberal and Tory, Today th.ey stand united for Labor.
'' The shunter, tbe signalman, the
plnto-layer, the porter of wayside
country stations, have been the pioneers in these rurnl districts, reaching
out their hands to farm workers, and
giving them their help as secretaries
and chairmen.
"The amazing tiling is that it is the
middle-aged manhood of the country
that has enrolled itself in those Labor
battnlions of thc land. Not hot youth,
for the sons and nephews of younger
brothers are shedding tbeir bldod to
protect the land nud thc homes which
they do not own. That is Ihe wonderful thing. It is the greybeards who arc
determined to create a new England for
our gallant sons when they return, nnd
these Village Moots of trade union
branches are the creative force."—
Maorilnnd Worker.
Start Co-Op. Move
St. Albans, W. Va.—Trnde unionists
tit this place hnve started a co-operative   movement,    Stock  is  being  snld
at $10 a share.
An American View on the
Problems of the
Future
About tho most disgusting exhibition
of ostrich-like intelligence is now being givon by tho daily newspapers of
the country (including thoso of Cleveland, of courBo) in tho studied manner
in which they are ignoring the most
profound problem, next to the war,
that has over confronted tho nation—
tho era of reconstruction that is inevitable and must bo met in a broad
and commouseiiBc manner.
Day aftor day, page after pago, follows an endless repetition of giving tho
Hun hell, and which tho peoplo havo
boon doing and will continuo to do
without tho monotonous goading that a
certain class of journalists seom to
think is • necessary, for tho peoplo aro
more loyal than many of the wise editors givo them credit for, so loyal in
fuct, that many aro demanding to
know what is going to bo tho condition
of our country aftor tho war.
Undoubtedly.t)D por cent, of our
pooplo aro perfectly agreed that tho
war must continue until a just peace,
along tho general lines indicated by
President Wilson, has been attained
and tho world is mado safo from boing curscfl witb another such bloody
sacrifice.
It is also generally believed that
Gormany is practically down and out
and that its military offorts aro likoly
to come to an end almost nny day or
within a fow months at tho furthest.
When tho ond comes, what then?
Even if not a single soldier or sailor
roturnB from Europo for weeks, evory
thoughtful person must know that tho
manufacture of munitions and supplies
will stop automatically and millions of
men and women will bo on tho streets
awaiting a general readjustment to
peace-time conditions, which cannot bo
accomplished oer night unless systematic preparation has been mado in advance, a matter that has received little
or no consideration.
Even so conservative a man as Dr.
Jacob Gould Schurman, president of
Cornoll Univorsity, who has just returned from Europe, marvels at the
indifference of our alleged public lenders toward reconstruction problems,
Says President Schurman at tbe outset
of a longtby statement:
"In England I found that a Min
istry of Reconstrutcion has been work
ing for more than two years. It has a
great many sub-committees, and
through the work of tho membors of
these committees, legislation bas already been enacted. In England there
has been an effort to prepare hersolf
for the after-war adjustment. I bave
been told that Germany is much further
along even than England in this respect, while France has been making
tho effort for a long time to open the
tho era of peace with a fair amount
of preparation.
"Therefore, I was very much concerned in returning to America to discover that wo have as yet dono practically nothing towards solving tho problems of reconstruction. I do not think
that too great emphasis can bo placed
upon the necessity that confronts this
nntion to begin at once a sane preparation for poace. Whilo it may bo that
peace is yot some distance off, still I
feel that we have already lost too much
time. "—Cleveland Citizen.
Profiteering in Oranges
Jacksonville, Fin.—Tho state food
administrator has warned the orange
trade that profiteering in this commodity must cease. Oranges havo been
sold as high aa 10 dents each and tbo
food administrator declares . that
'' there is no roason why the fanciest
oranges of tho largest size should be
sold by tho retailor to thc consumer at
a price in excess of five cents."
Firemen's Wages Go Up.
Pittsburg, Pa.—Municipal firemen
hae beon awarded a wage increase of
$10 a month by the national war labor
board, dating back fronu July 1. City
authorities advanced wages $5 and
agreed to lot the nntionnl wnr labor
board decide if tho other $10 demanded by tho firemen should not* be forthcoming. Tho board decided that incroasod living costs justified tbo demand.
SPENCER'S FOR
EXTRA TROUSERS
— ■    r    " -       .. „    „ ,_ .. .,
AT $3.75—A dark groy tweed pant, mado with fivo pockets and belt
loops; a good wearing material and color; all sizes to 44 waist measure.
Price .
. $3.76
AT $4.76—An assortment of patterns in medium and dark grey; made
from a good quality and weight of tweed cloth. Five pockets and bolt
loops.    All sizes.    Prico J4-75
AT ?6.60—Two good heavyweight twoods to choose from. A medium
groy herringbono and a dark grey diagonal. A warm, hard-wearing
pant.   All sizes to 44.    Prico 16.60
AT $6.76—These are mado of groy worsted cloths ond aro extra good
values; neat Btripo patterns that are dressy in appoarance. The
pockets, finish and trimmings aro first-class.    All sizes.    Price $6.76
CORDUROY PANTS—Wo havo a full assortment of theso in three
grades, and all popular shades—brown, goldon brown and fawn; five
pockets; belt, loops and cuffed bottoms.   Prices....$4,90, $6,60 and $6.90
COTTON PANTS—For tho monoy thero is moro wear in a cottonado or
moleskin than a tweod pant. Wo show three patterns in dark groy;
made with fivo pockots, bolt loops and cuffed bottoms. Prices $2.60
and $3.00.
ALL-WOOL BANNOCKBURN PANTS—This is n full weight, all-wool
24-ouncc Bannockburn-twoed, Mado specially for tho mnn that wears
mackinaw clothing. A pair of those will outwear two or threo pairs
of ordinary pants for loggers, lumbermen nnd teamsters. All sizos,
Prico $8.75
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
EFFECT OF WAR ON
Not AU the Victims of War
Are on the Firing
Line
Long Hours Has Been One
Result of the World
Conflict
t
Against Trade Union.
Torre Haute, Ind.—Employees of
the Standard Wheel Copany in this
city shall not bo required to become
members of a eompany-c oil trolled beneficial association, rules tbe national
war labor board.
The company is ordered lo recognize
shop committees of its employees. At
lenst one member of each of these
committees shall be a woman-.
pen to.be in a country that has to meet
all those paper debts; then, of course,
jobs are plentiful, because the ruling
clnss of that country simply pay their
debts by the sale of commodities that
the workers produce. Therefore It
would appear to ono not conversant
With the intricacies of high finance,
that the worker in a country that has
a large debt or indemnity to pay would
stand a better chanco of lassoing a job,
and that the workers in the.defeated
countries would he the best off. But
of course this benighted individual has
not sufficient brains to grasp tbo situation.
In order to provide for all it is only
necessary to float a big loan and lend
this to another .section of the human
race, so that they can buy the products
of our toil. For, according to recent
advertisements in the press, that expedient has been responsible for the
wave of prosperity that has visited
Canada, for are we not told that "prosperity was caused by large ordors being placed, nnd, in turn, these orders
were rilftde possible by the loans that
were mude by Cnnndn.
Gains By Oity Workers.
Pittsburg, Pa.—Mayor Babcook has
recommended a war bonus of $180 a
yenr for city employes receiving $3000
or less a yenr, except laborers and
other employes working under tho
union wnge system. An inerease in
laborers' wages from 45 to 50 cents
an hour ami u standardization plan
that would advance clerks $00 a year
also urged by tho oity executive.
Law Makers Blamed
Federal Dam, Minn.—State Forester
Cox blames the Minnesota legislature
for recent forest fires which resulted
in the loss of hundred of lives. The
refusal of lawmakers to appropriate
monoy>.for efficient patrol enabled the
flames to make headway, he paid.
Insist on Sanitation
Tampa, Fin.—Organized cigar makers not only insist on sanitary workshops but apply this theory to tho city
and have called upon municipal authorities to inaugurate a "clean up"
campaign. It is declared that there is
"a total cessation of street, alley and
lot cleaning and whnt is worse, a most
inadequate service in the collection of
guibagr." Tbe unionists ask that
emergency legislation be passed to
meet this situation.
Raise Wages 18 Per Oent,
Boston.—An arbitrator has awarded
an 18 por cent wago increaso to workers employed by tho Boston Consolidated Gas Compnny. The mon who work
as janitors, stroet men, laborers and
yard mon are organized.
Tbo victims of war aro not all to be
found on the firing lines or in tho invaded countries. Among tho war
sufferers are numbered thc children of
England.
The child labor and compulsory education laws must bo included- among
tho casualties of the war. As a rosult
thore has been nn increase little short
of appalling in the number of working
children under 14t years of age. In
August, 1917, tbo president of the Nntional Board of Education told the
House of Commons thnt. "in three
years of war some" 000,000 children
havo been withdrawn prematurely
from school and becomo immersed in
industry. Tbey nro working on munitions, in the fields, and in thc mines."
In 1011, throughout Great Britain, only
148,000 children under 14 woro employed.
In tbo first two years of tho war it
was mainly tbo country children who
became .child laborers—childron whose
only protection was the laws requiring
school attendance. The farmers had
never favored much schooling for the
children of their farm laborers, and
thoy were in control of most of the
local Bchool boards. Acordingly about
half tho counties promptly lowered the
standard for compulsory education in
force before tho war. In Wiltshire,
for instnnce, children of 11 who had
reached the fourth "standard" or
grade, were no longer required to go
to school. No statistics of the numbers excused in this way can bo obtained, but they are known to have
boon large. The farmers of ono locality asked to have 11-year-old boys
set freo from school for work for which
"women were not strong enough."
Ohild Labor on Farms
These-changes in tho law still failed to provide the farmers with enough
child labor, and many special exemptions were given to boys and girls who
could not meet even thc new requirements—the very ones, it would seem,
who most needed plenty of schooling.
On Octobor 31, 1010, no fewer than
14,915 children under 14 were reported
to bc holding such exemptions. Most
of theso young workers received only
threo or four shillings weekly, fyid the
Labor people charged from the first
that the work of children was necessary only because farmers woro unwill-1
ing to pay enough to sec ure adults.
The fnrmocs were encouraged in tbeir
raid on the schools by the vaceilnting
policy of the National Board of Education, whicli took no decided stund
against breaking down the compulsory
education laws,  i
Fortunately, however, children in in
dustry are protected by child Inbur as
well as by education laws, for the
Homo Ofllce, which hns charge of factory inspect ion, has been firm against
any modifications of thc law or special
excuses for factory work. Very few
young children wero given nny special
exemptions in 1015 or 1910,' but the
statements of tho president of tbo
Board of Education would indicato that
tho bars wero let down to a greater extent in 1917. We hnve complaints
from the Labor papers also that violations of tho child labor laws have become very common. But we are told in
1017 tbnt "Tho inspectors of factories
aro instruetod to take rigorous action
in respoct of any similar offences in
futuro, and without further warning."
Thc    number   of   children
school
Much Money in Rubber.
Now York,—In urging banks to purchaso $0,000,000 worth of notes, President Colt of the United States Rubber
Company says assets of tho company
pn Juno 30'last wcro $136,798,148, while
tbo indebtedness7 totalled only $33,347,-
719.
Probe Health Insurance.
San Francisco,—A commission created by the last legislature is holding
public hearings on tho question of
health insurance, Thc commission's
verdict is intended to aid tho legislature in passing upon this question.
Mailers Raise Wages.
Montreal. — Nowspapers are signing
tbo now wage scale of Mailers' Union
No. 39, wliich provides a $24 weekly
minimum for foremen and $21 for
journeymen.
Bight Hours in Colorado.
Pueblo, Col.—Rockefeller's Colorado
Fuel and Iron Company nnnounecs that
its steel plants hero will bo oporntod
on a basic eight-hour day in Borno departments and on a straight eight-hour
plan, with wage increnses, in other departments.
Hard-headed trade unionists aro not
getting sentimental over tbis change of
front by a concern that is responsible
for tho Ludlow massacre and which is
simultaneous with an organizing campaign the workors aro conducting in
these mills.
Plumbers Advance
Grand Forks, N. D,—A union-shop
agreemont secured by Plumbers and
Steamfltters Union calls for thc eight-
hour day and a wage increase of 10
cents an hour.
sixty-eight and a half hours a week.
Sixty-hour Week for Young Girls and
Boys
Tho '' improved'' hour regulations
for munition workers adopted in 1916
in themselves suggest how poor must
bave been the standards prevailing
earlier in the war. Night work was
forbidden for girls under 18, and boys
under 14. The weekly hours for all
young girls and for boys under 16 and
those between 14 nnd 16 "in urgent
cases" might work as long as 65 hours
n week. In many instances two, and
sjnuetimes even four hours additional
must be spent euch day in travelling
between home and factory.
Even the boys and girls who remained in school have suffered from tho
war, for, as a member of Parliament
said, "A large portion of our elementary school system is in ruins—I will
not say us desolate as the ruins of
Louvuin, but thero is to some oxtont a
likeness." Schools have been taken
for barracks aud military hospitals.
Thc children are turned out into tho
streets or put on part time iu other
crowded schools. More than half tho
45,000 men teachers have enlisted, and
tho men and women who have taken
their plaees are often much less competent. Thc construction and repair
of   school    buildings   has   practically
used. Purchases of books and equipment have been cut down. At first
there was a considerable giving up of
till "frills," such us medical inspection, special classes, and school lunches,
through which a beginning was being
mado of caring for the children's
bodies as well as their minds, and suiting education to individual capacity.
The fallacy of sueh economy is now being widely recognized.
The clubs and classes to provide
proper recreation for boya and girls,
which wero carried on by so mnny
churches and settlements, havo also in
many enses been given up sinco thc
wnr, so that it must bo acknowledged
that the work, school, aud play of English children havo all been dinged for
the worse by tho wnr.
Effect on Home Life
Thc war hns also defaced the homo
lifo of many boys and girls, particularly in tbo large munition centres. When
thc father is absent on military sorvico, thc boys are likely to get boyond
control, and whon tho mother is away
all day at work in a munition factory,
the housekeeping and young children
arc  inevitably  neglected,    F&quontly
lodgers arc taken into cottages already
leaving! crowded by members of   tho   family
soon as tbe law allows has; alone.   Tho Health of Munition Work-
likewise  grown larger Bince tbo w
For 1910 Mrs. Sidney Webb sot the
increaso   at   not   less  tban  50,000   to
(10,000.
This enlarged army of child laborers
has been put into inferior kinds of
work under poorer working conditions
thun prevailed beforc the war. Because of tho high wages in much unskilled munition-making and the uncertainties of tho war poriod, fewer children aro learning trades. More childron nro soiling nowspapers and other
articles on the streets. In the first
months of the war tho hours worked
by young boys nnd girls wore often incredibly long. Tho Henlth of Munition Workers' Committeo found large
numbers of boys, mnny only 14, toiling
ers* Committeo states that the following cases aro typical of living conditions: A working boy of 15 slept in
the snme bed with two young men
lodgers, whilo two young girls slept in
another bed in the samo room. Three
boys, the oldest 10, and a little girl,
wero obliged to share two beds in a
singlo room. An oven worse stnto of
affairs whb described by tho committee .
In these words: "Beds are nevor empty
and rooms are neve.' aired, for in a
badly crowded district, the beds, liko
thc occupants, aro organized in day
nnd night shifts. In such conditions
of confuBion, pressure and overcrowding, home can have no oxiBtonco."—
Margarot A. Hobbs, in "Life and
Labor." P^GE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAT...
..November 18, 1911
Reglmued
Smax Bread
ETEEY TASTE A SMACK
"SMAX"~an ideal bread
for the household
Phone Fairmont 3000
UNION MADE
THE WOMEN'S
Cakes and Pastry
ARE WHOLESOME, NUTRITIOUS AND
UNION MADE
0
PHONE FAIRMONT 3000
AUTHORITY
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TBADES AMD LABOB OOUNOIL—MEETS
flnt and third Thursdays. Executive
board: Preildent, E. Winch; vloe-presi-
dent, J. Kavanagh; aeoretary and bnalneu
•gent, V. R. Midgley; treaaurwr, P. Knowles;
■ergeant-et-arma, J. F. Poole; trnateea, J.
H. McVety, J. Hubble, A. J. Crawford, W
A. Pritckard.
ALLIED  PBINTINO TBADES COUNCIL—
Meeti second Monday in tke montk. Preal
dent,  Oeo.   Bartley;  secretary,   B.   H.   Nee
Undl, P.O^ Box^ 60,	
LOCAL TBADBS UMIOM DIRECTORY
JOURNEYMEN BARBERS INTERNA*
tlonal Union of America, Local No. 120—
Meets aecond and fourtk Tueadeys In tke
montb, Room 206, Labor Temple. Preaident,
O.  E. Herrltt;  iecretary,  8.  H. Grant,  820
Cambie Street.'	
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 617—Meeta every aeoond and fonrtk
Monday evening, 8 o'clock, Labor Temple.
Preaident, M. McKenile; financial aeeretary,
•A. Thom, 6 Dufferln Street Eaat; recording
aeeretary, J. R. Campbell; bmlneil agent,
Walter Tbomae, Room 208 Labor Temple
Pkone Bey. 7495.
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILEB MAKEBS
and Iron Ship Bnllden and Helpera of
America, Vancouver Lodge No. 104—MeeU
every Monday,\ 8 p.m. Prealdeat, M. A. Me-
Eackern, 1246 Alberni St.; aecretary-treaa-
arer, Angus Fraier, 1161 Howe St.; buiineu
■gent, L. Cummins, Room 212 Labor Temple-
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Loal 28—MeetB every flrat Wednesday in
tbo month at 2.80 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the month at 9.80 p.m. Preildent, Harry Wuod; iecretary and business
agent, W. MackensiB, Room 209 Labor Temple. Phone Sey. 1681. Offloe hoars: 11 to
12 noon; 2  to 6 p.m. _____
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF STEAM AND
Operating   Englneera,   Local    No.    020— .
Meeta    every    Monday,    7_,80    p.m.,    Labor j Orunit
      every     ,.    . _.        _,    __
Temple. Preaident, J. B. Flynn, 810 Moodli
atreet, New Weatmlniter; viee-preildent, D.
Hodgei; seeretary-treaanrer and busmen
agent, W. A. Alexander, Boom 218, Labor
Temple.    Phone Sey. 7408.
Allied Printing Tradea CouncU—R. H. Neelanda, Box, 66, Vaneoaver, B. O,
Bakers,   No.   179—J.   Black,    Kaalo  atreet,
Vancouver, B. C.
Barbers—S. H.  Grant,   820 Gamble  atreet,
Vancouver, B. O.
Blacksmiths—Malcolm Porter, 4211 Oxford
street,  Vancouver, B. 0.
Boilermakers—A. Fraser, 215 Labor Temple.
Bookbinders—W. i*. Bushman, Box 526.
Boot und Shoe Workera—Tom Gory, 445
Vernou drive.
Brewery Workeri—A, E, Ashcroft, Suite 1,
1738 Fourth avenue weit.
Bricklayers—William S. Dagnall, Labor
Temple, Vancouver, B. 0.
Brotberhood of Carpentera Dlatrlct Council—
J. G. Smith, Boom 208, Labor Temple,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Brotberhood of Locomotive Engineers—L. T.
Solloway, 1157 Harwood itreet, Vaneoaver, B. 0.    Seymour 1848R.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemen—H.  G   Savage,  1286 Hornby
I atroet.
Brotherhood Railroad Employees—C. Bird,
2030 Union stroet.
Brutherbood of Railway Carmen— j
Brotberhood ' of Malntenance-of-Way Em- *
ployees—E. Corado, 286 Clark drive.
Butchers and Meat Cutters—Thos. Anderson,
587 Homer street.
Clgarmakers—R. Craig, 36 Kootenay Street.
City Firemen—G. J. Richardson, No. 1 Fireball.
City Hull Staff-
Civic Employees—0. Harrison, 1886 Woodland  drive.
Cooks, Walters, Waitresses—W. MoKenalo,
Room 209, Labor Temple.   Sey. 1681.
Peep Sua Fishermen'b Union—Russell Kearley,  437 Gore avenue.    Sey. -4704.
Electrical Workers—E. H. Morrinon, Room
207, Labor Temple.
Freight Handlers—II. S. Duncan, 1868 Eleventh avenue east.
Oarim-nt Workers—Ada Hawksworth, 8616
Fleming street.
"     Cuttora—Edwurd  Hurry,  4533   Ross
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOOAL NO. 218
—Meeti in Boom 206, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 8 p.m. Preildent, D. W*
MeDougall, 1162 Powell Street; recording
aeeretary, W. FonlkeB, Labor Temple; financial secretary and buslnesi agent, E, H.
Morrison, Room 207, Labor Temple; assist-
ant secrotary, F. R. Burro wi.	
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Looal 8862—Offlee and kail, 804
Pendor Streot West. Meeta every Friday,
8 p.m. Secretary-treasurer, F. Ohapman;
business agent,  A. Reed.
£. h. A„ LOCAL 88-62, AUXILIARY—
(Marine Warehousemen and Froight
Handlers). Headquartera, 152 Cordova East.
MeetB first and third Wednesday, 8 p.m.
Secretary-treasurer, E. Winoh; business
agent, G. W. Webster.	
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTEB8 AND
Butcher Workmen'a Union, No. 848—Meeta
first and third Tuesdays of each montk,
Labor Temple, 8 p. m. President, Obas. P.
Muggins; recording seoretary, J. Summers;
flnanolal secretary and builneai agent, T. W.
Anderson, 587 Homer itreet. 	
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouver and vicinity)—
Branch meets aecond and fourth Mondays,
Room 204. Labor Temple. President, J.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
financial secretary and businosi agent, H. S
Nlghtscales, 276—56th Ave Eaet, South Vancouver; recording aeoretary, K. Westmoreland, 8247 Point Groy road. Phone Bay-
view 2979L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fastuners, I.L.A,, Local Union 88A, Series
5—Meots the 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
montb, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
N. Bonlt; financial socretary, M. A. Phelps;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Lee. Offlce, Room 219-220, Lahor
Temple.	
STREET AND ELECTRIC BAILWAY EM
ployees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meeti
Labor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 jp.tn. President, W. H. Cottrell;
treaiurer, E. 8. Cleveland; recording secretary ,A. V. Lofting, 2561 Trinity street
Phone High. 168R; flnanclal secretary and
business agent, Fred. A. Hoover, 2409 Clark
drive, office corner Prior and Main streets.
GENERAL TEAMSTERS AND OHAUF-
feurs Union, Local No. 655—Meeta every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W, M. Brown; builneia agent, J. F. Poole,
245—19th Ave. Enst. Pkone Fair. 2109X.
Financial secretary, Bert Skowter, 1120
Robson St. Phone Sey, 6679. Office, 667
Homer St.	
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 926—Meets
last Sanday of each month at 2 p.m. Preaident, B. Marshall; vice-president, W. H.
Jordan; seeretsry-treaaurer, B. H. Neelands.
Box 68.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. 0. FEDEBATION OF LABOB—Meeti in
annual convention in January. Executive
offlcen, 1918-19: President, Duncan McCallum, Labor Temple, Vaneoaver; vice-presidents—Vanconver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Prlnee
Rnpert, W. E. Thompson; Vaneonver, E.
Winch, W. R. Trotter; New Weitsninster, P.
Poeblcs; West Kootenay, Mareui Martin,
Nelson; Grows Nest Paaa, W. A. Sherman,
Fernle. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8. Wells,
Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmuir itreet, Vat*
eoavar, >. 0.
VIOTOBIA, B. P.
Street.
Home   Workers1   League—Mrs.  0.   M.   Kin, I
159 Hustings street east. "
Jewelry WorKars—D. J. Snell, Lnbor Temple. I
Lathers—A. P.  Surges, 715 Holdon Bldg.
Laundry Workers—Miss H. Gutteridge, Labor
Temple.
Letter Carriers—Robt.   Wight,    177   Seventeenth avenue west.
Longshoremen—0.    Thomas,     804    Pendor
etreet weat.
Longshoremen's   Auxiliary,     No.   88-52—E.
Winch,  152 Cordova East.
Machinists No.  182—Jns. H. McVety. Room
211 Labor Temple.
Machinists,   No.   720   (Garagcmon)—H.   H.
Trail,  740   Gilford  street.
Machinists,   No.   777—W.   Streot,   798   Sixteenth avenue east.
Murine   Cooks   nnd   Stewards—W.  H.  Field,
529  Richards  Stre'.H.
Marine   Firemen  and   Oilers—D. Haley,   83
Thos. Scott, 329 Columbia Ave.    Soy. 8698.
Mill  and   Factory   Workers,    No.   1956—F.
Browns word,  Labor Temple.
.Molders—A,  H.  Donaldson,   Empire   Rooms,
North   Vaneonver.
Moving  Picture   Operators—A.  0.   Hansen,
P. 0.  Box 345.
Musicians—E, J, JumieBoti, Room 805, Labor
Temple.
Oil Rofinery Workers—loco, B. 0.   A. Smith,
3745 Union -street.
Order  of   Railroad   Conductors—G.   Hatch,
761 Beatty Btreet.
Painters—K. Gould, Room <J03 Labor Temple,
l*attorn Makers (Vancouver)—E. Westmoreland, 3247 Point Groy. road.
Pilo Drlvors and Wooden Bridgemen—W.
Ironsides, Room 206%, Labor Temple.
Plasterers—J.  Williamson,   1078—28th  Ave.
East,
Plumbers—J.   Cowling,   Room  206%,  Labor
Temple.    Pbone Sey. 3011.
Policemen's Onion—J. Shields, 1539 Kitchener Stroot.
Press Assistants—Thos. Graydon, 6727 Gul-
ledon street,  South  Vancouver.
PresBincn—E, B. Stephenson, P. 0. Box 894.
Railway Mail   Clorks,   Vancouver  Branch—
Charles Felix, R. M. S. office, P. 0. Bldg.,
Vancouver, B. 0. '
Retail Clerks' Association—A. P. Glen, 1073
Melville Btreet. ,
Seaman's Union—W, Hardy, P.O. Box 1865.
Sheet   Metal  Workers—Goo.  oBwering,   3807
Pender Street,
Shipbuilders'   Laborors—Phelps,  Room  220,
Labor Tomple,
Shipwrigbts  and   Caulkers—H.   A.   MacDonald, Room 212 Labor Temple.
Soft  Drink  Dlspensors—W.  Mottishaw,  209
Labor Tomple.    Sey.  1681.
Stationary  Firemen   (Gas  Workers)—T.  M
Martin. 1240 Robson Street. High. 1534R.
Steam    and   Operating    Engineers—W.   A.
Alexandor,   Rom  216.
Steam Shovel nnd Dredgemen—Chas. Fere*.
95 Powell street.
Stereotypers—H, Langhnin,  1784—47th Avenue East.
Stonecutters—Alex.   Duff,   Box   1047.
Stroet Railway Employees—Frod. A, Hoover,
corner   Main   and   Prior   streets.     Phone
oxohango Sey. 5000; residence, Fair. 541R.
Structural    Iron    Workers—Roy    Massocar,
Room 208,  Labor Tomplo.
Tailors—W. W. Hocken, P.O, Box 603.
Tonmsters and Cbauffoiirs, No. 656—587 Homer streot, B. Showier.
Telegrapbors—W. D. Drino,  P.O. Box 482.
Theatrical Federation—Room 304-805, Labor
Tomplo.
Theatrical   Stago   Empluyees—W.   J.   Pari,
2155 Grant Street.
Tllelayers  and Helpers—A.  Jamleson,    640
Twenty-third avonuo oast.
Trades and Labor Council—Victor H. Midgley, Room 2lo,  Labor Tomplo,
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Meeta first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
Park street, at 8 p.m. President, B. Simmons; vice-president, T. Dooley; secretary*
treasurer, Christian Slverti, P. 0. Box 802,
Victoria, B. 0.
SOUTH WBLLTJOTOM, V. 1.
LOOAL UNION, No. 872, C. M. W. of A.-
Meets flrst Sunday In every month 8 p.m.
Richards Hall. Preaident, Jos. Bateman;
vlce-prealdent, Andrew Parker; recording
eecretary, Jos. Fearon; financial secraury,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J, H. Ble*
ardaon.
Typographical Union—H. Neelands, Box 66.
Ware hon semens   association—A.   ~
While in any civilized stato the ultimate control rests in the hands of a
sovereign, a couneil, or a parliament,
they are the only temporary expressions
of authority. It is a mistake to suppose that authority consists of an individual or oven of a set of individuals.
The elements which go to make up the
controlling power are ultimately impersonal. A government assumes authority for tho time being, and can be
attacked and criticized for their exercise of it quite conveniently, but when
they fall others take their places, and
although the expression may be different, authority remains. It lies at the
back of all recognized institutions. So
impressive is its influence, so insidious
its dominating force, that individuals
who have questioned it and attacked it
from outside once they become themselves absorbed in it havo their whole
outlook changed, and without being
aware of it are caught up in the machinery of an engine thoy fondly imagined they would control and direct by
thc force of'tEolf will and tho determined offorts of a fixed purpose. Just
as modern man is under tho impression
that he can subordinate to his use the
olaborate machines he himself devises
and invents, and wakes up at last to
find that ho is enslaved by them, so in
the governance not only of tho country but of the smaller communities and
organizations of which it is composed,
his assumption that ho rules is just a
subjective impression.
Authority is not the king, nor the
cabinot, nor tho judges, nor the bishops,
nor parliament, nor magistrates, nor
police officers, nor genorals, nor commercial magnates, nor party loaders,
nor trade union officials, nor bankers,
nor ecclesiastical dignitaries,* nor iu
reality is it all these put together. It
is tii** atmosphere created by the positions which "personages" such as
these hold, and which has been formed
round them by habit, custom, and tradition of generations. Mon find on their
elevation to a position of authority
that thoy are suddenly accepted and
acknowledged in a way to which thoy
have not been accustomed. They are
attended on, listened to, and consequently feel flattered; thoy enjoy a
sense of complete 'security, and a now
self-confidence, not thc outcome of high
achievement, but bred of the satisfaction which attends the first unaccustomed exercise of power, springs up in
them and seems to fall in with their
ideas of their own importance. In fact,
they succirtub, ono and all, in varying
degrees, it is sure, and, curiously \
enough, in inverse ratio to the importance they have attached to authority previously. The delight of nn advanced radicp.1 in the panoply and cir-
mstanco of high offico wns almost
proverbial until more modern times,
when ho has been outstripped by hiB
Labor colleague.
But let us try and analyze this mysterious element, becnuso it would appear that no ono is impervious to its
influence.   It will bo found in a manager's office; in a board-room with its
neatly    arranged    tablo,    comfortable
chairs, and frock-coated chairman; in
tho    law    courts,    especially,    where
archaic    procedure    and    bewildering
formalities are calculated to impress a
prisoner and even    a    spectator (the
judge himself, not an individual, but
an emblem disguised in his robes and
wig as the majesty of law, and clothed
| with the sanction of society; inciden-
ially. justice may bc done,   but    the
main point is that authority shall be
maintained); in n   cabinet   minister's
room—approaching     through    echoing
halls, deferential brass-buttoned office-
keepers will escort a visitor through
anterooms, and  whoa  the heavy door
has closed with a dull thud bohind him,
and  he finds himself in n  huge  room
smelling of Russin leather and sealing
wax, it is quite impossible to tnlk to
the human  being behind  thp tremendous writing table ns if he were sitting
noxt him on the top of a 'bus (and the
surroundings    havo    produced    thoir
effect on the minister just as much as
thoy are now producing an effect on his
visitor).   Then in the   palace,   whore
everything is arranged to impress, hurrying uniformed figures, powdered footmen, heavy carpets, endless corridors—
again that smell of   leather,    hushed
voices, a fooling of somebody important
round the corner, broad stairenses, vast
mirrors just to show you how small nnd
insignificant you look, a presence to bc
reached, the distant gurgle   of   royal
voices in far-off passages, a desire to
escape nnd hide, pictures and armour
of ancient kings, a feeling that it has
nil been there since "William the Con
queror's time, that it is all different
to what you imagined when you wrote*
on "The Passing of the Monarchy."
Is it possiblo for people who inhabit
such places to feel or even look like
ordinary mortals?   Whatever may   be
snid  outside  them and whatever you
may hnve said, thoy feel secure and
Impressive, and thoy know you are obscure and  impressed—yos,  the junior
page of the back stairs knows it as he
passes with noiseless tread to discharge
what  must be some highly important
■duty.
In the military sphere nuthority exists in its crudest and most blatnnt
form. Strengthened by rigid discipline,
enforced by unquestioning obedience
from the corporal to the commander-in-
chief, the spirit of mithority is tho
foundation-stone of the whole machine.
But again, it is not the person but the
rnuk/hot tho individual but the system
behind him. When you snlulc a subaltern, you do not salute Lieutenant
Jones; you salute tho King's Commission, which, theoretically, he carries In
his pocket.
In the bishop's palace tho atmosphere
is heavy with authority, and evon, too,
in the vicar's or tho minister's study.
The pulpit, whero a man may admonish
his fellows without fear of contradiction, interruption, or even question, is u
seat of authority.    The head master's
overawed; the police court, where the
culprit feels like a rat in a trap surrounded by wiso magistrates, learned
counsel, and impeccable police; the
bank manager's parlor, with ita smell
of gold; the society drawing room,
whero tho unaccustomed visitor
shuffles and stammers beforo the smart
and well-dressed company of great
people who are so terribly at their
case; even in the trade union, where
the officials have exchanged tho life of
working men for that of organizers—in
all these authority resides, and in eaeh
it is uot alone in the personality of
the particular representative that it
is felt. He seems to have behind him
all the othors arrayed in commanding
force, an awe-inspiring, invisible, yet
ever-present company.
A violent Socialist once gazed at the
brilliant scene of tbe opening of parliament, with the king crowned and robed,
surrounded by high "-officers of state,
peers, judges, admirals, generals, and
courtiers glittering in gorgeous uniforms assembled round the throne, and
ho murmured to himself as he turned
away, "That will tako a lot of abolishing. ''
Authority cannot be reached; it cannot be withstood. Even in a revolution
it can only die momentarily to bo revived. It is the sanction of orderly
existence. But why whon wo taste it
do wc become contaminated? Instances
might be given of seodily dressed,
overworked, humble individuals who, on
reaching the coveted position, not only
outwardly assume the new manner and
the top hat, but put a top hat on their
souls. Somo may be in it, but not of
it, and when thoy resume their liberty,
their natural self returns. Othors, it
impregnates with an indelible stamp,
and even after they have returned to
private life their dignity—or may we
call it absurd pomposity?—never leaves
them self-important and affably condescending, they spend the rest of
their days pretending the atmosphere
still surrounds them. Othors, again,
may be imprisoned in the atmosphere
all their lives, a hard lot indeed, for
even the glamour of the most brilliant
trappings of authority must pall io
time. Dignities and titles, robes and
uniforms, ceremonies and ritual, ranks
and procedure may have their attractions because they minister to the unfathomable vanity and inordinate conceit of man; but the joy of life is not
in them.
In thc House of Commons, authority
can be confronted, authority ean be attacked, but authority nearly always
wins. It allures many into its fold,
and they will not risk offending it. We
can all remember the turbulent, truculent, and overwhelming radical majority of 1906; how they came to the
House regardless of authority, oblivious
of tradition, how they interrupted and
howled at Mr. Balfour when ho spoke,
regarding him as the embodiment of
an authority they had overturned.
Where is that authority now? Mr. Balfour is still speaking. It is no good.
Whoever you are, however determined
your purposo, however strong your
cause, be under no delusion, you will
only break your hoad against the stone
wall, and you will find in sipte of all
thoir professions most peoplo have a
snoaking dosiro to be on the side of authority. Lovo of powor is perhaps the
strongest human impulse. There may
bo some satisfaction in changing the
representatives of your authority, but
do not oxpect too much from that. Tour
now men, whoever thoy may be, cannot in the nature of things remain nn-
corrupted and sec the same clear
vision and the samesingleness of purposo once they have crossed the
threshold into the atmosphere of Bussia leather, sealing wax and soft carpets, and exchanged the comradeship of
free men for the flattering companionship of tho high and mighty.
Is there, then, to bo no upheaval?
Yes. Authority can overreach itself.
Whon liberty is curtailed, opinion suppressed, sorvico conscripted, Labor
dragooned, tho public mind drugged]
the wells of truth poisoned, and false
hood circulated, beneath the outwardly docile attitude of the people there
may be growing underground unseen,
and ae yet unheard, an immense destructive force which when the tension
snaps may burst with overwhelming
violence. There are signs of it. Many
a puppet may be hurled from the seats
of the mighty, but the seats onee again
will be filled by others; the cataclysm
will pass. Only change, not progress
towards perfection, is the rule in the
governance of human affairs and in the
organization of human institutions.
Progress here may be in the spiritual
nature of man, but this can be served
and promoted as well, and better, perhaps, by those whoso lot is caso in the
common comradeship of the throng
than by those who dominate their fellows from the higher steps of the social structure.
—Arthur Ponsonby in the "Nation.'1
Oet |2000 Back Pay.
New York.—In one month organizod
fur workers have collected over $2000
back pay from employers who attempt
ed to dodge wago scales. In one instance the employer was expelled from
the manufacturers' association and the
union ordered a strike. A settlement
was made by the firm paying 22 em
ployees (426.76 back pay and $227.5C
for lost time. - The fur workers cite
these cases to show the conditions that
would exist if they were not united.
Secure Eight Hours.
Martins Ferry, Ohio.—A department
of labor representative has awarded a
basic eight-hour day with timo and
one-half for overtime to organized employees of the Riverside Bridge Company.
IN LIGHTER VBDT
What a way some people bave of saying things—without saying them at all!
I was standing out in the refreshing;
rain on Qranvllle street, talking with a
friend on the general uncertainty of
things in these days of orders-in-council
and other perils and possibilities, sueh
that a man doesn't know where he
may be or what may happen to him
within a week.
"No," I said, "he may be in jail—
and that's what I hate worse than
h-1."
"But you haven't tried h—11" said
my friend, Yes, that's all he said. And
then he laughed.
•   •   •
Some down-town eating joints, where
stiffs do congregate, have a language
of their own. "A Spokane" is, ef
course, the equivalent of "Pork and
beans;" and "A stack of 'ots," does
not need explaining. "Two in the
water" sounds a Uttle interesting, till
you know it only means a couple of
boiled eggs. But the stage of actual
frightfulness seems reached when the
counter-girl nonchalantly calls to the
cook for "A boiled Norwegian!''
Quite disappointing to find she only
means a particular brand of herriig
after all.
Teamsters Win Strike.
New York,—The Ward Baking Company has promised striking teamsters
that it will cease anti-union descrim-
ination and will pay a minimum wage
of $28 a week.
Typos Unionise Post
New York.—The New York Saturday
Evening Post, one of the oldest newspapers in this city, has signed a union-
shop agreement with Typographical
Union No. (J. For 34 years this publication has been non-union. In making this announcement President Bouse
and Secretary-Treasurer O'Connell sf
the Typographical Union say: "We
know the labor world generally will
wish the Evening Post prosperity and
a new era of usefulness at a time
when all classes of society are putting
aside past differences and misunderstandings."
son, 587 Homor street.
Upholsterers   and   Trimmers-
1408 MoLoan  Drive.
R.   Robert
■W.   8.   Watt,
schoolroom, whore tho trembling boy is
BUSINESS AOEKT DIRECTORY
Aak  for Labor  Ttmple
Seymonr   7405   (unless
'Phone Eichange,
otherwise   stated)
Labor
Cummlngs,
Rouse,   Room   202,   Labor
PBD-T0E BPPBBt.  B.  0.	
PRINCE RUPERT TRADEB AND LABOR
Connell—Meets aeoond and fonrtk Tues-
daya of eaoh month, In Carpenters' hall
Preaident, S. D, Macdonald; secretary, W. I.
'Thompson, Box 278, Prinoe Rnpert, B. 0.
Boilormakcrs—I
Tomplo.
Blacksmiths—-0.
Tomplo.
Bridgo   and  Structural  Iron  Workers—Roy
Massocar, Room 208.
Brothorhood of Carpenters, No. 617—Walter
Thomas, Room 208.
Brotherhood   of   Carpentors,   No.   2647,    F.
Barratt, Room 208.
Bu tellers and Moat Gutters—Thos. Anderson,
587 Homer atroet,
Civic Employees- -W.  McFarlane, Room 218,
Labor Temple.
Cooks   and   Walters—W.   MoKenilo,    Room
209,  Labor Temple.
Deep Sea Fishormon's Cnlon—Russell Kearley, 487 Gore avenuo.   Office phone, Soy.
4704;   residence, High. 718R.
Eleotrleal Workors—E, H. Morriion, Room
207,   Phone Sey. 8510.
I. li. A. Auxiliary—E. Winch, 162 Cordova
Sast.    Phono Sey.  6350.
Longshoremen's Association—A. Reld, 804
Pendor Street West; phone Soy. 8359.
Machinists-—D. McCallum, Room 212.
Moving Picture Oporators—J. 0. LaOhance,
Room 804.
Musicians—E. A. Jamleson, Room  805.
Pilo Drivers and Wooden Bridgomon—W.
Ironsides, Room 200 % Labor Temple.
Phono Sey. 8611.
Paintors—D. MeDormoU, Room H08 Labor
Temple.
Plumbers—J. Cowling, Room 206 __, Phone
Sey. 8611.
Shipyard Laborers' Union—W. Lee, Room
220,  Labor Tomplo.
Street Railway Employees—F. Uoovor, corner Main and Prler streets,    Sey. 6000.
Shipwright.-, and Caulkors—H, A. Macdonald, Room 212, Labor Temple,
Stoam Enginoors—A. Alexander, Room 216,
Labor Tomplo.
ToainBtors—J. F. Pool, 587 Homor street.
Trados and Labor Council—Victor R. Midgley, Room 210, Labor Temple.
Warebou semens Onion—A. R. Robertson,
587 Homer st/eot.
Enlist in This Fighting Line
EVERY ONE CAN SERVE
Age, sex or physical defect may prevent you from going to the
front. But in a Victory   Bond you have an opportunity to make
your dollars fight for the great principles for which organized
labor stands and against the tyrannous autocracy of a bestial
and lust sodden enemy.
Every working-man can help. Remember, you can buy a
Victory Bond for as little as fifty dollars, ten dollars down and
the balance in instalments.
Don't think that things majr worry along and the war be won
without your effort. You are needed. Remember that your
friends are watching to see what you will do, and that your own
worthy example may be the means of influencing others.
Don't let us, therefore, fail to do our full duty. Don't let us
go about the matter laggardly and sluggishly, but manfully,
proudly do our bit. To refuse to lend our dollars, when others-
are cheerfully giving their lives is unthinkable. Let us lend all
together, unitedly.
Let it be a real Victory Loan.
Let us fling the result in the face of the foe as a sign that we
are in the fight to a finish.
Buy Your
Victory Bonds
Today
Issued by Canada's Victory Lonn Committee, in co-operation with tho Minister of Finance ot tho Dominion of Cnnada.
j OITIOIAL   FAFIB   VUTOOUT1E
TB4DBS   UR)  LA30B   OOOBOIL
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
omoiu fafbb mnn Wir
UHBIA  ISDBBATIOB  Of   LABOB
TENTH YEAR.   No. 46
TEN PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 15, 1918
our, n.oo
)       $1.50 PER YEAB
Three Big Values in
DINNER SETS
Headquarters|
for
China
aad
Toyi
A 51-pieco Sot*—sufficient to set a table for six—of
English semi-porcelain—mado by Celeste Adams-
dainty English scroll deBign in omerald greon, which
is oiquisito on the highly glazed white porcelain.
VEEY SPECIAL AT ONLY 815.00
A 97-pioce Dinner Set made by thoso famous potters, Wedgwood & Co. Delightf uUy ploasing scroll
design of turquoise green on white.
EXTRA SPECIAL AT $24.76
A wondorful Dinner Set which could como only from
Franco. Ordered in 1914—it has beon four years in
arriving, and the price we quote is less than today's
cost at tho maker'b—50 pieces in those tasteful, exquisite stylos which delight tho eye—small pink
rose with narrow gold band and solid gold hollow
handles.
THIS WEEK ONLY, 162.86 THE SET
MILLAR & iCOE
LIMITED
419 HASTINOS STREET WEST
UNION ♦ OFFICES
This Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
OAB SUPPLY TOD WITH IBB ALLIBD PBIKTMO TBADBS DBIOB LAIBL
BLOOHBEHQEB. F. B, 81) Bn»dm*r Eut_
BRAND, W., 680 Pendor Street West-
JMant IW
B. O. PBINTINO t L1THO. CO., Smrtke ud Homer...
CLARKE k 8TDABT, 830 Seymoir Street
..Se-nuu 8878
..So/moor 8888
Aajmnt 8
■juutar. m  a.w*u...  ■■*. ^mw  ».«»——-«-—™———™-,-.-.
COWAN A BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Bejmeor 4480
DUNSMUIR PRINTINO CO., 487 Dummnlr Stnet Sermonr 1108
JEfFERY, W. A„ 3188 Pirker Streot -  .HlfUul 1187
KERSHAW, J. A., 689 Howo Streot   . Sermon 88T4
LATTA, B. P., 887 Ooro A.enje Sermonr 1088
MAIN PBINTINO CO., 8851 Main Street	
MAINLAND PRESSES,  98  Cordon Streot Eest
MeLEAN A SHOEHAEEB, Nortk Vancouver.
__Talnunt 18(8
MITCHELLFOLEY, LTD..  138 Hutlngi Streot West	
NORTH SHORE PRESS, Nortk VanoouTer	
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 500 Beattr Street .	
ROEDDE, Q. A., 818 Homer Street  	
BUN JOB PRESSES, 187 Ponder Street	
TECHNICAL PRESS, 500 Beattr Street	
TIMMB, A. H., 380 Fourteenth Avenue Eiet...
WARD, ELLWOOD A POUND, 118 Bonier Street.....
WKSTERN SPECIALTY CO., 673 Granville Stroot...
WHITE A BINDON, 638 Ponder Btreet Weit	
...Sermour 1085
 N. Van. 80
...Sermour 1593
. Sermonr 384
 Sermour 41
 Sermour 8885
 Fairmont 631R
_*. Sermour 1816
 ™—Bermou 8526
 Sermour 1114
Write "Union Labal" on Tou Oopy wben Ton Sond It to tbo Printer
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS
Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishings
VICTORIA, B. C.
0
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Etc.
factory organlied under "United Oarmernt Workon of AmaricA"
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 186»
Capital Authorized $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up „ $ 14,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits   $ 15,000,000
Total Assets .: $300,000,000
518 branches in Canada, Newfoundland and British Wwt
Indies.
Alio branohei in London, England, New Tork Oity and Barcelona, Spain,
Twelve branohei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davio Streets.
Corner Granville and Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main-Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
AIbo—North Vanoouver, New Westminster and 27 other pointB
in British Columbia. r
SPECIAL ATTENTION OTVEN TO SAVINGS AOOOTOM
Ono dollar opens an account, on which intern;   iB paid  half-yearly at
current ratea.
THOS. PEAOOOK,
Manager Vancourtr Branch
O. W. FBAZEE, TUOtlvn,
Bnpwrlsor ttt B.O
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law WiU Allow
Wa Donor*™ Trade Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
I TRAGEDY OF
Fl
Ability and Skill Are at a
Discount Under Capitalistic System
[By J. S. Woodsworth]
A hundred mon Btand on the street
in front of the "Auxiliary" hall on
Oordovti stroet. It is 8 o'clock, on
foggy morning in October. They are
waiting for a possible job. The Longshoremen propor have the preference.
If there is a rush, the orders for men
are turned over to the auxiliary. In
normal times the members of the Auxiliary Union are able to handle tho work.
If Bovoral largo boats came in at once
they must securo outside holp, The
waterfront has beon unusually active.
So men, laid ofl from tho shipyards, or
men who have drifted in from the
camps have boon picking up short jobs
at good wages per hour. But for a
wook now, things have been quiet. The
Longshoremen aro working coaat boats
which, when work is plentiful, they
will not touch. The hall is full of mon
hungry for work—like wolves after an
enforced fast. So the men on the outside stand waiting.
How pationtly they waitl Thoy have
been waiting since 7 o 'clock. They will
wait all morning. Some of them will be
back in the afternoon. Somo will wait
on the chanco of a night job. They
waitud all day yesterday in the rain,
Day aftor -day thoy have been waiting
for a week past.
Is it a good job that makos them
wait so patiently! Sixty-fivo cents an
hour usually with 90 eents for overtime. That sounds like "big money'1
and at prosent men on the waterfront
probably receive moro than unskilled
laborors anywhoro else. Some of them
think themselves lucky when the job
lasts twelve or. fourteen hours. A few
of them on special occasion havo worked through without sloop for two or
three shifts. Aro thoy greedy rfor
money f No, but thoy were trying to
make hay while the sun shone. They
knew the rainy days wero coming. One
of the steady men in the union found
that last winter his earnings averaged
' "!1 a weok.
But why don't they look somewhere
oIbo for a jobf Where, we ask, will they
got What work is there in Vancouver!
There's the shipyards. Here is a man
who was working in the shipyards,
working for $3.85 and then was laid off
whon the yards shut lown for lack of
material. In the threo months he had
boen on the waterfront ho had done
better than he had in the shipyards.
Besides, the yardB wore not taking on
any more mon.  So he was waiting.
Well, they can go out to the camps,
Yes, many of them will be forced to do
so.     The married mon don't liko to
leave their homes and thoy can't tako
thoir families away from school, and
in tho camp there is no accommodation
but the bunk-houBo.   There is a strong
looking young fellow that might go,
Ah, he has beon in tho camps for years.
He was oight months at Anyox.    He
stuck it out aB long as ho could, but at
last the gas was too much for him. Kneo
ho left, his mate had lost his leg—
slipped into a bucket of liquid copper.
So he, with the married men, is waiting.
But surely thoy can got somothing!
Yes, there aro some jobs in whieh thoy
can got 30 or 40 conts an hour, but how
can a man keop a fanily on thatf They
have struggled to do it for years. Some
of them aro painters.   Fainting is hard
work and dangerous.   Then there isn't
much doing in the painting trade at
this season.   Somo of them have been
teamstors—one man hasn't been at -it
Since  that long spell of   pneumonia.
Some have had littlo ranches, but the
Chinamen took tho profits out of that.
So they are waiting.
These men aro not lazy—not more
lazy than other mon. Thero are, it is
true, a fow interesting men who havo
scon much of tho world, and who have
adopted a philosophy of life that will
not permit anyone to drivo thom too
hard. "I like this better than a regular job,'' said ono,'' bocausc I can take
a holiday whon I liko." In regular
work, you must be down nt 7 evory
morning in tho week—week in and
week out. If you miss a day its tho
devil to pay. Now hore,'' ho concluded,
laughingly, "I'vo been off for a wook
and no one asked any question!" Another is'quitu satisfied if ho gets onough
to keep him going.
If ho gets his meals nnd tobacco,
why should he worry! But thoro 'a
something moro hero. "Why should I
take tho work from someone elsef
Thero are a lot of poor married devils
hero who arc doing their best lo provide for the wifo and kids. I'd rathor
give thom a chance." Yes, most mon
in that crowd are "poor married dov-
ils" putting up a bravo fight. So ovon
though the rain sonks through, thoy
must wait.
Nor aro those mon illiterate, shift-
IdBS, incompotontB. Thoy aro well-read
—many of thom bettor read thnn tho
average business men. Somo of thom
are skilled tradesmen, Many havo boon
in business. A fow havo had professional training. Thfiy have had experience in England, in the United States,
in New Zealand, in India, in almost
ovory part of the world. Thoy have
hold positions of roBponslbility. Thon
why aro thoy hcrot For many a reason. One made a wrong move; anothor
had a run of bad luck, a fire, sickness
in the home, business depression, bankruptcy; another Btnkod yeara of savings on what seemed a "good proposition." He lost; hiB competitor won.
Another was not prepared to resort to
tho methods which seemed necessary to
bring "success." Anothor attempted
"to raw a deal," nnd was caught. Education, thrift and ability do not docido
whother or not a man is out of a job.
These hundrod men who stand on tho
stroet, who .have had auch varied ox-
pcrioncoB, havo ono thing in common.
Thoy aro radicals in thoir thinking. Possibly this is so because thoy "havo nothing to lose but thoir chains." Possibly it is bocnuso they have been nblo
to shako off the chains of conventionl
thinking and conventional morality. In
any case, on that curb Btono iii tho
foggy morning you will find more understanding of the fundamental principles of economics than is found in most
of our Board of Trado or can bo discovered by tho naked eyo in most of
our legislative halls.   Theso men havo
DANIEL'S ORDER JUST
MEANS BLACKLIST
Federal Employees In United  States
Raise Protest Against
Intimidation
Washington.—Terming it in effect a
blacklist, and an attempt at labor conscription by intimidation, tho National
Federation of Federal Employees haa
filed a protest againat Secretary
Daniels' recenL circular forbidding
resignations from the Navy Department on penalty of tho stigma "unpatriotic" against the employee's
record. The protest citeB tho specific
caso of S. W. Savage, a typist in tho
navy yard at Portsmouth, Virginia,
who resigned to accept a hotter job,
and whose resignation was accepted
with tho statement, ovor Secrotary
Daniel's signature, that "a notation
haB been made of your unpatriotic ac
tion for future reference."
"Your order ia equivalent, in our
opinion," the letter of protest says,
"to industrial conscription, which although rojectod by tho law-making
body of the United Statos, is hero im*
posed by an administrative officer. It
institutes an actual 'blacklist/ penalizing govornment workors for the solo
reason that thoy have oxereised their
civil rights.
"We dflk you, Mr. Secretary, to cancel your order of September 19. We
ask you also to recall your lotter of
Octobor 18, accepting Mr. Savage's
resignation, and similarly to remove thc
stigma in any other cases that may
havo come within tho provisions of
what we consider a moat unjust
order.''
Secretary Daniels' order against
which tho protest is made statea that
"it is directed that resignations bo
not approved, evin though an employee
may suffer financial loss by such action," and "in tho ovont that an employee insists upon the acceptance of
his resignation, same will be accepted,
but notation of hts' unpatriotic action
will be made upon his rocord for futuro
reference."
Under thia order, Federation officials
point out, an employee iB stigmatized
as unpatriotic even though he wishes
to accopt a commission in the army or
navy, his only alternative to sorvico
in his present position, if he is to
escape tho department's blacklist, being military duty under the draft act.
Thc order in effect, it is claimed, is
not different from tho attempted coercion of workers by private employers
which was stopped by order of the
governmont.
DEMOCRACY AND
THE MILITARISTS
Gore   and   the   Danger   of
Militarism  in the
World
Labor must bc convinced that militarism is only a necessity of thc mo
ment, which will cease to exist as n
dominating force when tho war is over,
if tho Allied powers aro to be asBurod
tho full, constant and unswerving fidelity of the workers. This is the message
to labor of Bishop Charles Gore, of
Oxford, England, who is in this coun
try to allay suspicion as to the ultimate
purposes of the great democratic powers, according to a bulletin issued by
tho U. S. Department of Labor.
"It is very necessary," the bishop
declares, "that we crush Germany, but
it is also necessary that tho Allies convince the workers that thoy aro fighting not only for tho ovorthrow of their
foes from without, but are fighting as
well for liborty and justice to all
creeds and colors within. If
with the overthrow of Germany this
is not accomplished tho war will only
have boen partially won.
"One thing I fear is that tho militaristic spirit may obtain permanent
possession in some quarters. This we
must avoid. Wo must havo it thoroughly understood that militarism is
but a necessity of tho moment and in
no sense a permanent institution. Democracy under a military systom is an
impossibility.''
He said that tho future of labor
novor was brighter and that capital's
attitude was nover moro generous, Ho
expressed tho belief that theso condi-
ions would remain.
been up against the hard realities of
life? They know what thoy are talking
about. Thoy have felt tho dead weight
of the systom. Thoy luivo triod in
vain for years to escape ftom the net.
They havo loarnod their individual
holplessncsB, They dream of thc doy
whon tho common people will rise in
their unitod might to smash tho systom which is responsible for the conditions under which thoy must live and
work.
In tho meantime thoy stand in the
street waiting—waiting for a day's
worki
Oh, the waste of it all! So much
work in lho world to bo dono. Yot,
here a hundred men stand idlo.
Wo writo volumes on '' Conservation," and yet raise not oven a little
finger to conserve and utilize the human brain power uud hand power that
is being worse than wasted.
We go to absurd lengths to Bave bacon on Wednesday, and sugar on Friday, while all the timo wo disregard tho
possibilities of developing our natural
resources ,so that thero might bo bacon
and sugar, ad libitum, for all.
Ability of all kinds, ability and passionate love of farm life; ability and
artistic skill in construction; ability in
organizing men and handling goods;
ability to carry forward a co-oporativo
enterprise, such ability, for lack of a
chanco, standB on tho stroot, in tho fog
of an October morning, wniting for a
job.
Why stand you idiot    Thoy roply,
No one hns hired us." Thore you
have tho difficulty. Othoro than themselveB control all tho jobs—control nil
tho ways of making a living—control
all tho avenues of escape. Thoy must
wait tho pleasure of others.
ThoBO others, at war among thomsolves; afraid, thomsolves, of falling
by the wayside; forcod to hire in the
lowest markot and to firo ns soon as tho
job is done. What can thoy do but
leave tho men stand waiting!
Fivo men wonted! A hundred press
forward. The livo selected mon move
off rathor shamefacedly. Ninoty-flve
fall back again. "Lucky boys" cheer*
fully shouts ono aftor thom; "stands
in with the officials," mutteres a sec*
CAPITALISM IS NOT
Tl
New Social Order Must Be
Instituted to Save
the People
This iB the timo when fools are mpst
thoughtless and wiso men most thoughtful. Tho Gorman military caste is no
moro, and peace is now thc order of the
day. It almost seems like sacrilege to
atriko a discordant note at this time,
but it is the duty of every man to bear
witness to the light that he himsolf
perceives, and the writer docs not think
that wo aro out of tho woods, but
holds the opinion that the most troublesome poriod of tho world's history is
about to begin.
Capitalism is a system of production
for sale, and under that system supply
must anticipate demand. The terms of
peace imposed upon tho Central Powers are based upon tho idea that the
systom is fixed, that capitalism is permanent and eternal. The systom of
capitalism can not bo made to work
any longer and this will be soon apparent to all students of sociology. It is
finished, and all attempts to revive tho
corpse will be fruitless. The powers of
production have boon increased to an
enormous extent during the past four
years. Great Britain has seven ntillion
mon under arms. Men that before the
war wero ongaged in the various industries. The return of these men to civil
life, means unemployment oither for
thom or thoao they replace. Millions
mil also be made idle who aro now engaged in producing munitions, etc. The
United States will movo quickly. It
scorns impossible for the country ncross
the lino to avoid either chaos or another war. The friends of those who
have been incarcerated owing to their
pro-German sympathies, will now clamour for their release and political enmity will reach a point hitherto unknown even iu God's country. The
economic situation in the land of the
flag-wavers is not so sound aB many
people think, and we do not seo how
prosperity is to be maintained unless
there is a' continuance of hostilities.
The marvellous achievements of
Great Britain in the directions of production during this war havo placed
her a long way ahead of all other.
Capitalist nations, the revolution in
Germany is not yet completed. Tho extreme fcleineut will eventually gain control, and thoy will ondoavor to work
on an entirely new Bystem. Any attempts on the part of tho Allies to
make thom work on a capitalist basis
aro doomed to failure from the start,
becauso as stated before in this article,
the system is dead. An economic law
is moro powerful than all the armies
and navies in the world, and it is absolutely impossible for tho capitalist
countries with their increased powors
of production to flnd a markot for their
wares. The rise of the British Labor
Party is tho best thing that could have
happened nt this juncture It may appear a littlo conservative to tho doep-
dyod reds, but it is a ncclous around
which tho progressive elements can
gather during tho transition period.
Political economy is known as. tho dismal science and vory few so-called educated individuals know anything about
it.. We are now about to witness tho
collapse of the so-called educated section of socioty, particularly that portion that professes to teach economics.
Thoy hnve beon on a wrong foundation,
and their ignorance will soon bo apparent to tne world at largo. The working
class socms slow to movo in its own interests, but forces nro now with "5b that
will make the working mule kick as he
nevor kicked boforo. During tho war,
capitalism has beon burning tho furniture to keep tbe stove going. The war
is over, and tho fire is going out. Tho
working man is now compelled to introduce a system of production^for uso, or
perish, because the systenPof production for salo is done for. How long
will ho bc in this country boforo ho
seriously tackles the problem! That
we cannot tell, but wo know that his
lot in life will get worso from now. on
until tho means of production aro in
his possession. Othor countries will provide us with examples galore, howover,
becauso the day the" war is over is the
day tho proletariat bcginB its victorious
march in every capitalist country in tho
world, straight to tho co-oporative commonwealth. Tho amount of disorder
and btoodshod that may ensue will bo
iu exact proportion to the amount of
ignorance that prevails in tho various
countries. All wo can do is to strive
for tho education of our class ,and try
to bring it to a realization of its position in human socioty, so that tho country in which wo livo may pass into the
new social ordor without uny. unnecessary suffering or violence.
To Reform Jury Bystem.
Portland, Oro.—A committee of attorneys is drafting a bill for presentation to the legislature which wnl permit proportyloss citizons to sorve as
jurors in circuit courts. Under the
present systom jury lists are drawn
from taxpayers and it is propoaed to
substitute registration lists for the
tux roll.
Munition Workers Safer.
Washington. — To    safeguard    tho
homes of munition workers the governmont will locato village settlements at
a greater distance from tho plants.
Aeccept Union Bhop.
Portland,   Oro.—Tho   Barasev   Sign
Company   has   signed   a   union-shop,
ngrocment   with   tho   Sign   Painters'
Union.
Check Shoe Profiteers.
Washington.—The wnr industries
board hus devised a plan for stamping
shoes that will chock profiteering by
holding prices to tho rango agreed upon
by tho board and manufacturers. Each
manufacturer will be givon a numbor
which will be placed on shoos made
by him, and a class letter will indicato
the price group to which the shoe belongs.
ond.   "I wouldn't mind except for the
kidB," says a third.
Ton o'alock and 95 mon stand pationtly waiting for a job. How long will
thoy wait!
-Nr
Northern Special
BLUE LABEL
Overalls
As a wearer of Overalls, we
know you'll be interested in our
"Northern Special" Blue Isabel
for
—It's the Roomiest Overall on the
market.
—It is two inches higher in the
waist-band than any other overall made.
—It is the only overall having a     lr-a
continuous fly and side-piece.        y
—And it will easily cover any
stock garment of comparative
waist measure.
It has been made to our own
specification and combines every
good point that an overall should
possess. Every man who puts a
pair on, acclaims it the best-fitting
Overall he ever bought.
The material used is "before thc war" quality blue, black,
or stifel stripe denim; almost unripable and immensely serviceable; guaranteed to outwear any similar garment of same cost.
It's a money-saver, and a wonderful satisfaction givei*.   *
Made by Union Labor for Union Men.
Come in and examine it.
PER PAIR, $2.50    .
Men's Overall Department, Street Floor
ALWAYS DEMAND THE BLUE LABEL
Canada Food Board Licenses 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-163
bBudson'sBauCompaaij
im*wm«tu   im      «i«m«
WtMl   eoMMllllMIR
*  Granville and Georgia Streets
Victory Shoe Sale
FOR SEVEN DAYS ONLY STARTS TOMORROW
(SATURDAY)
We are going to celebrate in a great Bargain-giving
event for 7 days.
Right in the middle of the Winter season we are offering quality Footwear for the whole family at
Big Savings.
For Men—Invietus, Leckie, Astoria, union-made
Shoes all reduced.
Fer women—Invietus, Smardon, Murray, Blackpool,
union-made.
Visit the* opening of our economy basement tomorrow. Serve yourself and save your dollars. Hundreds of great big shoe values.
COWAN   &   BR00KH0U8X
FBHTEBS  ABD PUBLISHBBS
PrtaUti te Hm rodmttoiUt
tU   federation!.,   to   predated   from
—"—   aesepiper   prlitlni   plut.
HOTEL ALCAZAR
Oppoiln later Ttapte
vabioutbb, b. o.
—H»4<urtui for Labn Mm—
ItlH—TSe ud 11.00 aw ur.
14.00 per week ant ap.
tele et lttimtu IMw
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS    .
Good for Health ____-_^____ltv_ttovea the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knows that oheap goods can only be produced by
using cheap materials and employing oheap labor.
CASCADE BEER _
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable—
Cascade is a UNION product from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES] LIMITED FBIDAT November 15, 1918
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
MR. CIGAR SMOKER !
-REMEMBER THAT-
UNION BLUE LABEL CIGARS
—ARE   MADE   UNDER—
Sanitary Conditions and First-Class Workmanship
Issued by Authority oi the Cigir Makei
Union-made Cigars,
3hi« SnlifKi 11	
jW.«OnHtt»W'Wtn*IH][RMTItJ«lW.!0.l«A**-r«*. I.WUl
«iwi«i-jntiiowwiiifliM*fl<imiuiinmtw[iM«a'iiitBm.
<0t~-
______
IM tf. dl. co****. imiui bo. nm tM mat *t feQjSSijtltW
X_*X20—__*_ic_<—*—__*£
LOOK FOR THIS BLUE LABEL OK THE BOX
Cigarmakers Lockout and Strike
REMEMBER — Tuckett's "Club Special," "Marguerite,"
"Preferred," also "La Preferencia," "Carabana," "Promoter" and other Cigars.
DO NOT BEAR OUR BLOT UNION LABEL
Cigarmakers Joint Advisory Board
FiMh Out Floras, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florlite' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOBISTS AND NURSERYMEN
2—STORES-2
(8 Hastings Street Esst, Sey. 988*672 — 718 Granville Street, Ser. (511
THE DEVELOPMENT
OF JAPAN AND
I WAR
Capitalism Very Often De-
v stroy's Its Own    , -
Markets
No Country Has Had Greater Changes in Last
Four Years
The following article on tho development of Japan during tho war period,
which appeared in the Seattle Times,
will give some indication as to tho development of that eountry as a competitor in tho worlds markets in the future.
Tho very existence of the capitalistic
aystom doponds on markets boing
found for tho commodities which are
produced by tho slaves of modern civilization. Theso markets are becoming
loss, and it is a fact that as soon as
capitalism finds a new market, it commences to dostroy it. This is brought
about owing to tho fact that tho commodities it has to sell are tho very
means of production in most cases. Such
as Hmchinory, etc., and with which the
peoplo commence to produco tho very
commodities which they had in tlia
past boos supplied with from other
countrioB. Thus docs tho development
of capitalism spell its doom. Wherein
tho Seattlo Times can see any benefit
from tho viewpoint of trado in tho
United States is not vory clear, as tho
capitalists of the Statos will have to
eompeto with tho very cheap labor in
the Orient, and one of the markets will
shortly bo closed to them, and a new
competitor will take away the trado
that they now have with undeveloped
countrioB. Verily it is a glorious circle
in whioh tho minds of tho capitalist
apologists travel.
Probably no country, belligcront or
neutral, has uudorgono greater chango
as a result of tho world war than has
Japan. Tho convulsion which turned
tho Unitod States from a debtor country to a creditor has had quito a startling and dramatic offect on tho Island
Empiro of the Oriont. Tho immodiato
bonofitB havo beon many, and, thanks
mainly to a governmental system
which has functioned with unusual efficiency, tho futuro hold brilliant
promiso of oven greater bonefits to
como.
Japan has been a participant in tho
war from tho beginning, in 1014, but
its assistance to its Allies has been economic rathor than military.
In tho fiscal year 1014 Japan's imports of morchandiso totalled $206,074,-
000, assorts Tho Analist of Now Tork,
und hor exports for that year wcro
worth in our monoy $204,604,000. In
the fiscal year 1017, tho Intost ono for
which thore ure completo reports, the
imports were valued at $516,343,000,
while exports had reached lho enormous
total oi! $790,008,000. Thua, in loss than
four years, Japan haa soon hor imports
rise nearly 76 per cent., whilo hor ox-
ports havo tnounted moro than 170 por
cont. Thta, in briof, tolls tho story of
her gains for tho war period.
Government Systom Works
Tho Japanese governmont systom has
been tremendously successful. Predicated on the theory that Ihe Emperor
is tho embodiment of all tlmt is venerable, tho country is able to advance
policies and make decisions with greator speed and less friction tlmn is possiblo iu a domocracy, or in a more limited monurcliy. Paternalism, manifesting itself in initiative and in currying
out policies, is possible and lias boon
used very extensively and very intelligently.
Government subsidy nnd cheap labor
liavo been two factors in Japan's rapid
development. Labor is plentiful, and
under govornment regulation it has
boon piloted into channels whero tho
most good for tho greatest number has
been attained. The governmont, which
completely dominates businoss of all
kinds—monopolizing somo of thd moro
important, and'regulating all down to
tho last dotail—has been ablo to control the flow of capital into ontcrpriso,
and when tho supply of homo capita*
has been below tho rcqufrcmontB, or
where outside capital—at times badly
needed—has been hesitant, a liberal
policy of subsidy has boon resorted to.
The Silk Industry
Tho feature of JapanoBO export trade,
now, aB for many years past, is the
silk industry, This ono item accounts
for approximately 30 por cont. of all
tho export business. And horo is whoro
tho Unitod States is boing brought into
closer communication with Japan. It
is estimated that the United States
this year will take upward of 85 per
cont. of tho silk exported from Japan,
In dollars this will probably go well
abovo $200,000,000, for Japan's foreign trade this year is expected to be
in the neighborhood of $900,000,000,
and if the ratio ia maintained, our takings of Japanese silk will be closer
to $250,000,000 than $200,000,000.
In pro-war days France was the
great silk manufacturing country. Tho
material was brought front Japan, and
Franco translated tho raw into the
finished product. But tho German
hordes have overrun Franco's great
manufacturing district, and thoso sec*
tions which havo not beon invaded by
the Hun have been forced to curtail
commercial activities because of tho
demand for men for tho army and for
goods for tho war. Amorica, to a
large extent, has taken ovor this trade.
Italy has boon forcod to reduce production because of tho war. With her
fighting men at tho front, hor pooplo
at home havo beon unablo to continue
their pre-war activities on the scalo of
former days. Bocontly another ill has
beset tho Italian silk producing industry. Tho shortage of fuol resulted in
tho cutting down of many mulberry
trees, and only within a short timo has
tho government issued a most strict
prohibition of this practice.
Under Strict Supervision
Not a little of the success of the
Japanoso silk export trado is due to
thc system of governmont supervision,
Official inspectors supervise the growing and condition of the worms and
trees, whilo tho goodB, before shipmont,
must paBB a rigid tost. Silk not up to
tho required standard—"not up to aam-
plo"—cannot got out of tho country.
Tho inferior quulities nro consumed in
.lupan, not outside. Within thc last
year tho government has tnken steps
to apply this "conditioning" rulo to
the piece-goods trado, und it is expected that tho expanded system will be in
full operation within another year.
German Goods Shut Out
The shutting out of German goods
from tho world's markets these last
four years has been a great stimulus
to Jnpun, as it has been to tho United
States. New enterprises are constantly entering tho Held. Thanks to hor
cheap labor and tho favorable position
in credit markets which sho has been
ablo to command. Japan has been able
to expand her commercial and Industrial structure enormously. A good
part of tho Japaneso aggressiveness1
has been directed toward fields formerly dominated by Germany, as witness
hor success in the newly established
glove industry and in tho manufacture
of cheap clocks. Dyes havo received
attention and some chemicals, for which
Japan was formerly absolutely dependent upon Germany, aro now being produced in cvcr-incrcasing quantity at
home.
AND THE UBOR
Suffragette Worker Is Now
Shown in Her True
Colors
Evident That She Stands for
the Repudiation of--.
Old System
BOYS' AND GIRLS' CORNER
El
A Hard Case of Suffering
from the Prevailing
Flu Epidemic
During the past weok Local 620 has
lost two more members. Brother A.
.!. Dowling hus died at Port Alborni
and Bro, Alexander is endeavoring to
locate the doccuBed brother's relatives.
Brother J. E. Porter died last week
in North Vancouver under circum-
stances thnt nro heartrending. This
brother was working for the Taylor
Engineering Compnny when the company became insolvent. He came into
Vnncouvor and did considerable running around in the rain in an effort, to
collect his bnck wages, of which there
is somewhere about $250 due him. Dn>
to the fact of his getting wet severnl
times he caught cold, eventually sue
cuihbing to pneumonia. One of his children nlso developed the disease and
died shortly after, nnd his widow is
now in hospital with' tho chances vory
much agninst her recovery. An nged
mother is looking nfter the remaining
children, four in number. Sho came
up from tho United States to do this
and spent ull her monger savings on
her railway fare up here. The family
of husband, wife nnd five childron were
existing in a Bhack which was not longer than a decent-sized ghlckon house,
and were in destitute circumstances,
with not enough clothing for a chnngo
for the children, very few kitchen utensils and less food to put in them. This
did not happen in Bussia, where poverty is supposed to be rampant, but in
prosperous British Columbia, whoro
men have been living liko princes and
obtaining fabulous sums in wages? This
case iB only onc of many. Tho executive committeo has inatructcd Brother
The Emmoline Pankhurst article appearing in the columns of the Province
of the ltlh inst., although not meriting any real attention from a standpoint of the intelligent labor advocate,
nevertheless it should not be entirely
1 ovor without tho particulaNjom-
ment it deserves.
It is all too plain to bo misunderstood that tho real goal of tho writer
is to switch the voto of the women of
England over to the support of Lloyd
Goorge in the forthcoming election.
The writer is not to be condemned for
the attompt, so long as she treats her
avowed opponents in tho fray with the
same honesty of purposo as she herself
so vociferously strugglos to claim.
No inteligcnt mind, after careful
perusal of charges against tho English
Labor Party, is under tho slightest obligation to regard her effort as such
either just or of pure intent. It ia not
necessary to particularize on the frivolous and false charges laid at the door
of the Labor party of England.
Charges of class domination, of Bolshoviki autocracy, of exclusive class
ownership of industry and production.
Any intelligent student of Socialist
propaganda, though he be no devotoe,
will know how false and nonsensical
tho above mentioned charges aro.
Labor the world over in its most advanced thought on social reconstruction, or bolief in tho ownership of tho
instruments of production, always denies class domination, and seeks to establish collective ownorship and control—the exact contrary of what Mrs.
Emmeline Pankhurst would havo you
beliovc. Class domination and control
now prevails in England and most all
countries, tho vory thing Labor is seeking to change. And the vory thing
Mrs. Pankhurst ia seeking to perpetuate by olecting a Lloyd Georgo government.
Again this witling tool of tho old
parties has tho brazen audacity to stato
that British labor seeks a roturn to
pre-war trado union conditions and
workshop       practice. Suoh       de
liberate statements of falsehood and
mischovious mockery at logic puts hor
clear outside thc pale of all claim to
either honest intent or logical reasoning. Awaro of it or not, it certainly
appeals to the reasoning mind that
this denunciation of Labor's attempt
to establish democratic administration
of social affairs is actually tho catspaw
of tho Lloyd Georgo campaigning party
to pull tho woman's voto of England
ovor to his support. Of course sho is
n veteran of distinction nnd a smasher
of glass windows, and this timo sho is
detailed to besmirch labor and to fat
sify Labor's aims, in ordor that sho
muy by so doing in somo small
measure injure labor's cause. Tho undertaking is a moat unenviable ono, indeed, and one that must inevitably
return, like tho boomerang, upon bor
own foolish pate.
It is only stultifying to the mind to
review her attempts to talk economics.
She positively lives in the clouds in
respoct to such matters. Labor should
read thono articles as they contain tho
pitiful howl of capitalism in its last
death pangs. Thc purpose of tho
wide publication in the modern prcBB
is simply to coax labor to cut its own
throat by voting into power tho representatives of tho aristocratic class, who
have always kopt the worker poor by
exploiting his earnings, who havo al-
wuys resisted trades unionism and thc
political action of tho workor, so that
he may be a mere serf, so that ho may
still bc subject to masters who could
at will rob him of four-fifths of that
which ho produces. This amiable writer, Emmoline Pankhurst, stands to approve of this and to deny in toto Labor's birthrights.
These articles aro but the silly
twaddle of a misguided and ever-
changeable mind. As St. Paul says:
"Unstablo in all things, empty clouds
carried about by tho winds.''
Labor must depend entirely upon itself in thc establishment of democracy. Tho writer mutters something
about poverty. Yes, this diro state is
directly the offect of tho present form
of production and distribution of
wenlth, and the only remedy «for these
ills is tho removal of such forms of
production and distribution nnd its replacement by collective ownorship of
and distribution of wenlth. The proper
application of Labor to production, together with its propor distribution, will
climinato at ono stroko all poverty. Tho
world of tho writer of tho articles in
question is indeed small. In othor
words, thore are mnny things sho needs
to learn.
Learning to Live Together.
(By J. S. Woodsworth)
Every man who is married knows
what it is "to learn to live together!"
The man does things in om_ way; his
wife, before sho waB married, has always done them in another way. Ho
wants to do this. She prefers to do
that. She wants to buy this. He
doesn't see the need of it. The morning paper comes in. There are two of
them and only one front page; who
shall read it firatt This learning to
live together is "Burely somo jobl"
Perhaps you girls have gone out
camping for a week and all had to live
in one tent. Now of courso it would
be easy if everyono just loved to wash
the dishes and if all wanted to do the
same things in the same way. Then
some girls are tidy and always put
their clothes nnd "things" exactly
where thoy can find them—and sometimes they are not there I And some
girls are not tidy and they seem to flnd
things where they didn't put them,
and sometimes they aro not there at
all! It iB no small thing for- oven a
group of good-natured girls to learn to
livo together.
Then perhaps you have lived out in
the country where each farmer had ono
hundred and sixty acres. I've known
cases where one fanner's pigs got into
anothor man's garden, or one farmer's
cows broke through tho fence into anothor man's corn, or ono farmer's
sheep was worried by anothor man's
dog. Thore aro troubles in learning to
live together oven whon each family
has one hundrod and sixty acres.
What do you think if a thousand
families woro put on oach farm)
Wouldn't thero bo a circusf Woll, that
is actually tho case in tho city. Sometimes a thousand people in a singlo
block. How havo thoy learned to livo
togothor? Wo really aro still juBt
learning.
When people first come crowding
from the country into the factory'
towns, thoy thought they could livo in
the city just as they did in the country—rather, they didn't think anything about it but went on living es
they woro accustomed to doing.
Now, when you ' are living in tho
country it is not very dangerous to
loavo your garbage in a heap/ or throw
tho slops out at the back door. The
sun and the wind and the insects are
pretty good scavengers. But in the
city, whetf thousands of people did that
way, plague broke out and many hundreds died. So by painful experience
people learned to put in sewers and
clean away their garbage It used to
be that tho city was almost a deathtrap.' It was kept only by fresh young
blood coming in from tho country.
Now our citieB aro probably as free
from dirt diseases aa tho country.
At first peoplo mado little provision
for propor roads. Perhaps you have
road "The Chlf Path." One day a
calf strayed through tho woods and
left a trail. Next day a herd of cows
followed the trail and trampled down
tho undergrowth. Then camo a settler
who cleared away a few logs. Soon
the pack trail widened into a skid
road; thon became a public road. A
littlo village sprang up. After years
it grew to bo a city. As tho crowds of
pooplo follow the windings of the main
streot few of thom know they aro following tho trail the calf mado through
the woods ono summer afternoon!
In tho old citios the streets wcro
narrow passage ways. The houses wore
built higgedly-piggodly like tho cabins
in Mrs. Wigg's Cabin Patch. Peoplo
justlod ono another in tho streets; had
to pick their way almost undor the foot
of tho horses; could hardly got enough
provision in to feed tho poople.
Gradually they learned the need of
brood, straight streets. Then camo tho
use of quick transportation by moans
of trains and street cars. In tho groat
cities thoy havo overhead ears or underground railways as well. Another
caso of learning to live together.
When peoplo first moved from the
country thoy crowded, as many of them
as could bo packed in, into small rooms
—ofton dark and damp and poorly
ventilated. Overcrowding diseases like
tuberculosis broke out. Then peoplo
began to learn that men, like plants,
can't live in the dark. They must
have plenty of sunshine and fresh air.
So they broke holes into tho dark
rooms nnd put in windows; they closed
tho damp collars; thoy allowed fewer
peoplo to crowd into a room. Thon the
ovorcrowding diseases began to go
away. In our young cities we haven't
learned the lessons of the older cities
and wo havo let pooplo build houses
with small dark rooms. Already Nature's punisher—disease—is after us,
for the doctors tell ub that tuberculosis
is increasing in Vancouver.
When people lived in the country tho
boys and girls could play in the fields
and roam in the woods; swing from thc
limbs of the old apple troo and swim
iu tho mill-pond. In tho city thero are
no fields or woods, or applo trees or
mill-ponds. For a long time thc city
peoplo thought only of business and
forgot all ubout the children. But
their children begun to grow up sickly
nnd stupil and bud, and someone mude
the great discovery that children needed play just as everyone needs sunshine and fresh air.   So they began to
] SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC
PARTY ANO THE
Toronto Star Makes Some
Comments  on
Freedom
Repression Will Bring in
Its Trail Retalliatory
Measures
Dealing with the suppression of the
Sooial Democratic Party, the Toronto
Star quotes tho Ottawa Citizen, and
then goes on to offer somo little comment on its own behalf. The quota:,
tion from the Star is as follows:
PAGE NINE
Alexander to nssist this needy family
and tido thom over until tho proper authorities tako stops to provido permnnent relief, lie is also taking the mntter of collecting our deceased brother's
wages, up with a lawyer. Tho execu*
tive renli/.od its impotency, but hns
done the best that could bo done under the circumstances, and feel sure
that all thc membership of Local 020
will ugrce with tho action that it has
taken and will join with tho committee in nn expression of sympathy with
this.poor family in its timo of adversity, and also wishing thnt it was possible for us to do more.
Tho mntter of taking thc ballot on
the quostion of granting financial support to the laundry workers wns discussed, nnd it wns considered impracticable to try to get a voto upou the
quest inn in a reasonable time, nnd the
matter was thoroforo left over until
next wook, when it is hoped that a general mooting can bo hold.
The engineorB who aro out in sympathy with tho laundry workera aro still
being supported, and undor the circum-
stoncca tho executivo could not take
any furthor action, and if a meeting is
held on Monday next this quostion will
be fully discussed by the local.
provide parks and playgrounds and
gymnasiums aad swimming pools. Wo
ure just beginning to learn how to live
together so that the boys nnd girls
may have a chance.
There nre so ninny things wo hnve
learned, In tho old cities when u man
went out at night he carried a lantern
and tt'elub—a lantern to show him the
wuy and a club to keep off robbers.
Then we lenrned to light the streets,
and it is now us easy and safe to walk
on tho streets at night as during the
day. In the old cities storekeepers
covered their windows with licuv
wooden abutters, und sometimes put
guard inside to protect the goods.
Today, if wo are specially anxious
keep goods safe wo light the store
even after closing hours. Light is a
great protector I Crime loves darkness,
In another lesson on City Housekeeping we shnll learn more of how we nre
trying to make our city home a Bnt'c
and clean and convenient and comfortable und enjovnble place iu which to
live.
We haven't yet. learned to work together. To a large extent each mun
yot docs his own work in his own wny.
tV dozen milkmen sometimes deliver
milk in the same street—a do/en men,
a dozen carts, a dozen horses, a dozen
companies fighting one nnother. One
could do the work. In the old cities
water was carried in, in jugs carried
on thc head or in pigskin bags. Now
we have our water system anil turn a
tup and get nil the water we need. So
It wil be some day with other things.
Opinion Is Not a Crime
' "Tho Ottawa Citizen says that the
government should lose no time in mak*
ng it clear to tho people of Canada and
to the forces of democracy olsewhero
that it is not an offenco against tho law
to be a Socialist or a Social Democrat.
Canadians aro, or should be,  as
free to join the Social Domocratio
Party as they aro to join the Conservative Party or the Nationalist
Party.   The Director of Public Safety should, of course, arrest agents of
sedition, whether socialistic or clerical; but no British community can
be expected to tolerate a Prussian
policy of arresting people because of
their political opinions.
"The platform of the Social-Democratic Party contains nothing seditious.
It proposes to abolish capitalism by
ofganizing tho working calss   against
capitalistic exploitation, and this is to
be   dono  by* constitutional  methods.
Whether capitalism should be or can
bo abolished is not tho   question   at
issue.   What is certain is that it is not
a crime to propose such a change or
to form a party for the purpose of
bringing it about; and if it is mado a'
crime by   order-in-council   that   is   a
flagrant usurpation of power. The govornment which makes such a law is itsolf an enemy of tho law and an agent
of lawlessness and anarchy.
Capitalism if attacked muat defend
itsolf by arguments. It is not a sacred
thing. It is entitled to protection so
far as tho law gives it, but it is not
entitled to be protected against argument, public opinion, propaganda, and
the use of political organization.
..If tho government intonds to declare war against tho Social Democrats
it cannot consistently refrain from attacking the United Farmers and the
Methodist Conference, both of which
have expressed radical views displeasing to plutocracy. If it is. wise, however, it will keop itB hands off public
opinion, and set an oxamplo of respect
for law. One of tho worst features of
tho order-in-council is that its enforcement -is left to local prosecutions, po*
liccmcn and magistrates, who are not
acknowledged legal authorities, and aro
ofton guided merely by prejudice. The
victims are left without tho protection
of a jury or of a judgo whoso standing
us u jurist qualifies him to decide upon
a question of great importance, involving the liberty of opinion. It is not for
governments and magistrates to dictate to men what political party thoy
shall join, or whnt opinions they shnll
hold and oxpress."
Bainbridgc, thc editor of thc Canadian Forward, prior to its suppression,
is charged with being a momber of j
the Social Democratic Pnrty, and for
being iu possession of thc following
"Seditious Literature":
1. Ohosts and tho Slaiu.   By It. L.
Outhwaite.
2. Your Part in Poverty.   By Geo.
Lausbury.
3. Victims of tho -System.   By Dorothy Johns.
4. Catholic  Church and Socialism,
F. Bohm.
5. Lewis-Mann Debato.
ti.   Plato's Republic,
7. Unionism and Socialism.   Eugene
Debs.
8. Doing us Good and Plonty.   Russell.
9. Merry England.   Robt. Blachford.
This ia surely somo list of seditious
literature, and tho dangor to socioty
that is being caused by his having this
type of litcraturo can bo readily understood. Other members of the Social
Democratic Party are also hold for being members of the party, and others
for being in possession of seditious literature. The fact of tho mattor is tho
government of this country has evidently lost all sense of proportion, and
its horrible dreams of what is to follow tho awakening of the working class
of tho country, after the effects of the
war fervour have worn off, has evidently unbalanced its judgment. Repression cannot stop tho oncoming
change in society, and the attempts
thnt it lms mndo will only have one
effect, nnd that is to solidify lnbor ns
it never hus been sol id i lied befen*. Repression has nlwnys and always will
bring the very opposite to what, the suppression is expected to bring forth, and
tho government should rend tho,history
of the countries thnt hnvo been subject ed 11) roprossl ve measures, nnd
learn thut the old Mosaic law, an eye
for un eye, und a tooth for a tooth, is
always the law ndopted by a people
thnt is governed by repressive mens
ures, onco that it throws off the pow
ers that hnve governed it.
Desert Company Union
Dallas, Tex.—The hand picked union
of President Carlton of the Western
Union hns been repudiuted by telcgrnphers in this city. The members
of tho traffic department who held
membership in this ! I union " have withdrawn from the camouflage outfit und
have joined the bona fide Commercial
Telegraphers Union. President Cnrl-
ton's "union" is along the lines of
thi1 "union" controlled by Rocko-
feller's Colorado Fuel und Iron Company,
Big Money in Phonos
Xew York.—In the lust three yenrs
ihe New York Telephone Company
mude a profit of 414,000,000 in excess
of what the state public servico commission ruled wns a fair proflt. A movement hns been started to reduce the
telephone charges but the company
pleuds thnt this proflt is not unreasonable because a lurgcr amount of capital  wna invested!
The Railway People
Have Been Good
to us recently.  They let us have a long
delayed shipment of the goods we
needed.
THEBE wu a good lot of tkat
heavy woven atiipo drill, that
wo nw in making up onr famous
Twin Bute bib overalls and shirts
for engineer!, and now jron oan
get youn,
i-pHEBE engineers work elotkea
* are the beat there are; seams
are double-stitched, buttons are
ri vetted on, and the garments are
extra largo, eight pockets, brass
bnttons and loops, elastic suspenders and all the fixings.
These Engineers' Overalls are really the best
value on the market; strong, durable, complete in
every detail, they outlast inferior makes.
JAS. THOMSON & SONS, LTD.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
A VICTORY BOND
BUTTON
Worn  on the lapel of your  coat is
like   the  mark   "sterling"  on  silver
It stamps the wearer as being loyal, as a patriot who thinks ,
onough of his country to want to share in her future.   So if
you haven't a button—get one.
Buy a Victory Bond-Get a Button
This advertisement inserted by Kelly Douglas ft Co., Ltd., metrafaoturoii of Nabob
pure food products, in co-operation with tho Victory Loan Committee.
B "The Home of Goad Shoes"
ICHARDSONS
649 Hastings, w.
Near Granville.
Pre-Stocktaking
SHOE SALE
$5
Greb's Solid Leather Work Boot
Made of soft, pliable, mellow calfskin in Blucher cut with half*
bellows tongue and wide, easy-fltting too with double cap. Has
double solid leather sole running through to an all-leather heel,
hand sewn. Thero is lots of good hard wear ia this boot, in fact,
you could pay $3.00 moro for a work boot and not get the value
Greb offers in this durable boot at our prico of $6.00
Men's Dress Boots
In this offering you will (Ind nil the popular styles—showing thc
high too in tho easy-fitting swing Inst; tbo conservutive straight
lust; and the correct rocodo toe. The materials nre brown, tan or
black calf or kid with oak-tanned or Neolin sole
to $10.   Sulo price a*	
Regular values
 58.00
CHILDREN'S
Upstairs Shoe Department Will
Save You Dollars
Boys' Boots
EXTBA SPEOIAL-Boys' blnck calfskin bonis, Blucher eut, solid leather counter and cap, double sewn leather sole and leather heel—ull loathor
from top to tip,   Sizes 1 to fl.   Regular $4.00, sale price $2.36
A fino Box* Calf Boot with sewn leutlier soles, doublo cup und leather
heel.   A bout lhat will givo lots of wear to u happy, hustling boy.
Sizes   S le   lO'/j, regular l.'i.GO nt  ".    g226
Sizes 11 In 13%, regular $4.00 til   tans
.Sizes    1  to   5,      regular H.flO at   0315
Misses' Boots Children's Boots
Ounnietnl calf or patent colt, In lace or A soft, pliable    kid   hunt
button styles.    Havo neat single leather ,,,,,,       '              .       '"""
soles anil loathor hcols.    A very service* I"1'1*1"     "P>     but"
able boot for school woar. •°"* Leather sole and heel.
Sizes   8 to IOVj, reg. *3.50 at  $2.66 Sizes to i% reg. $1.75 $1,36
Sizes 11 to  2,    rog. $4.60 at $3.16 Sizos to 1_, reg. $8.00 $1,56
Teachers Uniting
St. Paul, Minn.—School teachers aro
uwlikening to tho value of organization
anil more unions in this calling aro being formed.
Boston.—ltepresentativcs of twenty
unions of eity employees havo joined
in the wago movement.
t. B. CUTHBERTSON A OO.
Men's Hatters and Outfitter!
110 Onnllle gtrwt
•u Button stmt w«t PAGE TEN
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY..	
..November 11, 1M8
The Pioneer Union Store
ISSUED   BY
REGISTERED
AUTHORITY OF
All Members Whose Clothing
Bears the Union Label
Will Please Stand Up
=CAN YOU DO IT?=
No excuse if you can't, for thanks to our enterprise
and desire to serve, you are now able to get Suits
bearing the Union Label.
Conservatively cut, and excellently tailored from fabrics that look
well and will wear well, these suits "Under Our Eight Selling Plan"
are very moderately priced.
$40  $45   $50
Claman's
1S3 Hastings Street West
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
LIMITED
Ooii.rtiiljt Hurt Sohlffaer 4 Mtn
At the American Clothes Shop
WHERE STYLE AND
VALUE MEET
The
Union
Store
for
Union
When you get style and value in Clothes,
you get satisfaction. That is exactly what
we offer you. Wc believe you will say the
same in investigating our exceptional
values in Suits priced at $25.00.
In thia offer you will find the corect styles
as Bhown for Fall and Winter for 1918.
Somo coats have belts nnd others have the
■new welted scam with waist line, now popular with thc young men; the slash, patch
or military pockets.
You will also find all thc more conservative styles, including thc neat three-button sack coat with close-fitting collar, narrow sleeves and soft rolled lapel to the
seoond button. TrouBors with or without
cuffs. Materials are all worsted and
serges in blue, grey, brown or pleasing
patterns.
ANDREWS' $25.00 SUITS
10 per cent, off to Returned Soldiers
The All-union Store for Men
53 Hastings
West
T. B. ANDREWS
Successor to Dick's Limited New Store
53 Hastings
West
?N_ew
White
Coats
For Little Tots
IDEAL GARMENTS for
present-time service are
shown in fine quality Bedford cords, corduroy velvets and cashmere, for
ages 6 months to 2 years.
Those models are very attractively finished, and
show careful attention to
details in the matter of
superior tailoring.
Bedford Cord, lined—114.60
and $15.00.
Corduroy Velvet  (unlinod to
facilitate washing)—W.60.
Cashmere lined — $9.76 and
$16.50.
Padded Bilk Blips for wearing
undor coats are priced at $5.
—Baby and Junior Shops
575 Granoille "Phone Sey. 3540
MINNESOTA'S QUOTA
I PEOPLES'HOUR
HMD
Labor to Take the Helm
in   the   Near
Future
In the words of Liebknecht, "TUe
people's hour has come." The old system, a once useful and necessary stage
in human progress, hns passed beyond
redemption and salvation. It seems
incredible that a system which has
stood the strain for so long has all of
a sudden become Impossible, but we
challenge any living man to devise a
scheme by which it can be maintained following the UneB of logic and
mathematics. We will give them all
concessions, except one, an outside
market on the moon, or Mars or some
other planet, if they want that they
will have to take lt by military force*
(Airoplanes win warB), but we will
give them a labor so utterly submissive and servile that it will stand for
any amount of Indignity that can be
heaped upon it, that knows nothing
and cares less, tor anything but work.
And if he can, basing his arguments
on conditions such as they are to-day,
devise a scheme that will work along
the fundamental lines of the old system, he has saved the exploiting class.
But lt seems a useless waste of energy to talk about the old thing. It's
like shooting at a dead crow. It is
vastly more cheerful to look forward,
when we change the system of society, we also change ideals, the ideal
of the old system was money, the dollar was the sun around which everything else gravitated. If a man hsd
nothing but great talents and could
not convert thoBe talents into money,
he was nobody in particular; on the
other hand if he had no talents of
any description, but had a million dollars handed down from his parents, he
was the prominent Mr. So and So.
Czar Nicholas II. possessed great
properties and a great title, he was
well known throughout the world, but
when stripped of his possessions there
was left only plain old Nick, and but
for those possessions his name would
never have been known to the world.
So intimately are we Interlaced with
the dollar that we cannot talk nor
think but in terms of dollars.
In tbe new system where labor
stands at the helm, where labor is the
guiding hand, those qualities that appertain to labor will be dignified, a
strong physical body, a muscular and
straight symmetrical form, work will
be dignified, service to society will be
greatly esteemed, woman will be everywhere equal with man, as the labor woman always has been sharing
thc toil and labor equal with the labor
man in full measure heaped up and
frequently running over, so will she
also in the new society share with him
the ruling power. Medical science,
free from the shackles of commercial*
Ism, will devote itself to prevent sickness. Slums will be cleared away, un*
healthful conditions will not be allow*
ed to exist, people will be compelled
to be healthy, marriage laws will bo
strict, no sickly people will be allowed to marry, deformed or crippled
children will not be allowed to live,
they will bo mercifully sent back by
medical science, as goods damaged in
transit; no lunatics or feeble minded
will be carried in stock, they will bo
mercifully destroyed as a useless en*
cumberance on society. The new system will be a pre-eminently practical
utility system, in sharp contrast to
the old gambling Bystem which we are
now leaving behind us, and following
along the lines of utility. We can
dlm|y discern the rough outlines of
the future.
Recent Holocaust Fits History of Lumber
Industry
The terrible holocaust Is Northern
Minnesota, with the number of dead
probably running Into the hundreds, is
the legacy left to the people of that
State by the horde of brigands wbo
call themselveB lumbermen*
Their habit of leaving the branches
and topB of trees wherever felled accounts for the rapid spread of the flre,
aud lt Is well to remember that this
was done in violation of the State and
Federal laws, which provide that all
branches, etc., shall be piled andl
burned. j
[Hut the lumber companies of Minne-1
sota cared little for law, and less for)
lives, unless it was their own. Uke all
the prolit-worshipping brood, they were
willing to obey the law if lt did not
cost them money.
The recent holocaust fits in well
with the history of the lumbering industry of Minnesota, for it is a hiBtory
of robbery and plunder, bloodshed and
lawlessness, of crime and criminals.
Many of these same criminals are
now highly respected members of our
bourgeois society, and the glitter of
their gold blinds the eyes of many to
their sordid, bloodstained past.
The white pine forests of Minnesota
were stolen trom the government, trom
the people and from the Indians, the
wards of the government, by methods
that would bring a blush of shame to
tbe kaiser's cheeks* Without a shadow of right to the timber the lumber
barons robbed and plundered the greatest tract of white pine in the country.
They took nothing but the choicest
butt logs, and left the rest of the tree
to furnish fuel for just such destructive conflagrations as the recent one.
Just aB otber dominant industrial Interests have done ln every State ot this
nation, the lumber companies of Minnesota bought legislatures and governors, mayors and sheriffs. They themselves were above tbe law, and they
reigned supreme until, the supply of
timber depleted by their criminal,
wasteful methods of lumbering, they
were supplanted by the steel trust
and the flour milling combine, with
their tool, Burnquist, in the governor's
-thai*-*.
The power of the lumber Interests
has been transferred to other groups
of exploiters, but the charred and
twisted bodies ol the flre god's victims will bring back to the people of
Minnesota the memory of their misdeeds and cause them to believe that
tlieir evil spirit still lives. — Butte
Dally Bulletin.
Kaiserism in industry is just as
much the enemy of human freedom as
Kaiserism in international affairs. Self*
determination has a personal as well as
a national implication.
Unions in Scandinavia are showing
a rapid growth since the war, according to information from the northern
countries. The additional memberships
in Swedish trade unions for the year
just ended aro 45,34 and tho total mem-
women trade unionists has increased
in the year from 8,238 to 14,402.
Patronize B. C. Fedorationist advor-
tisors and tell thom why you do so.
Special Offer to
Federationist Readers
This week I am making an introductory offer for the
new Winter importations of British woolens—just
arrived. I am offering my regular $45 and $50 suit
lengths, made up in regular Tom-the-Tailor style, for
$35
To readers of the Federationist who will cut out this
advertisement and bring it into either of my stores
the offer will hold good for another week.
Consider the price of woolens today and what they
will be tomorrow and take advantage of this offer.
man.
€32cmmiiE
314HASMGSW
UNION SHOP
PATRONIZE B. C. FEDERATIONIST ADVERTISERS
Suits at $20, $22, $25
Yes, we have them, although we could not buy
the same Suits today wholesale at these figures.
On Suits that we ordered a season or two back
the prices are the same today as thc prevailing
prices were at that time.
In other words, we are not profiteering.
-SHOP OF-
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 GRANVILLE STREET
-can't be equalled at
our price in Canada
High Wages Empty Jails
Boston.—There aro fewer inmates in
Massachusetts penul institutions now
than at any timo during the past forty
yeara, and thero is talk of aslting the
next legislature to permit jails to consolidate—to "trustify" as it were—
that unnecessary jails may be abandoned.
Tin1 number of arrests, however, continue hirge, although the commitments
decrease. In 1915 thoro wero 26,487
commitments; in 1016, 22,952, ami in
1917, with the largest number of arrests ever recorded iu the history of
the state, there were 21,703 commitments.
State Director of Prisons Bagley says
that one of the contributing causes for
this condition is tho demand for labor
ut high wages. Another causo ia tho
tendency of courts to bo lenient with
offenders and the! probation system has
been lined more extensively than ever
before, 80,688 offenders having been
placed on probation during the last
year.
This Worsted Suit
at $25 for men of
all ages and builds
—made up in the famous West of England
Worsteds—hard finish—as good a worsted
as there is on the markets—one of the most
^serviceable fabrics known to the trade.
—Take a look at this line—get the "feel" of
the cloth—examine the suit carefully—see
how well it's made.
A Suit you can wear anywhere—on thc street—it
the store—in thc office—a suit that outclasses aiy
general business suit you run across.
—in plain colors—fancy checks and stripes.
—wide range of styles and models—something
here that will suit any individual taste.
—cut and tailored to the King's taste—built U
stand up and keep appearance.
—at Dick's price a clothing buy that can't ke
beat in Canada for real value.
$25
10 per cent, off to Returned Soldiers
"YOUR MONEY'S WORTH
OR  YOUR  MONEY BACK"
ice to
35-45-47-49, Hastings ShEast\

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345515/manifest

Comment

Related Items