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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 23, 1920

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"1    '""     , ~—
$2.00 PER YEAR
Independent Unions Comprising Over 50,000
WiU Affiliate
Big Membership Drive to
Be Started Immediately—Good Revenue
Delegates representing: 53,260
. Organized workers In the city of
New York, held a meoting April
2nd for tho purpose- of banding
themselves together in One BI?
Union. This Is the first move made
by unions not affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor to
form a one union-one card system
of organization. Organizations representing another 11,800 workers
have also signified their intention
of Joining, although not having
delegates at the meeting. Since
thet meeting, other organizations,
among whom are the big Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union, the
Cloth Hat and Cap Makers Union
and the Shoe Workers Union, have
opened negotiations to get into the
One Big Union. A Central Council
of Workers has been formed, delegated from the rank and file, and
an executive board composed of
the executive heads of the various
unions will make a concerted drive
to unionize all workers ln the city.
the council proposes to take the
dty by blocks and sections, and
line everything up into a General
Workers Union and then Into units.
The revenue of the council will be
derived from the Issuance of a
common working card, the cost of
which to the workers will be ten
cents per quarter.- This with the
lowest possible estimate, based on
50,000 workers, wilt give Uu council $16B0 per month.
FollmyIng.w«.tlie .unions represented at the meeting, and which
are to heroine part of-the.new organisation:
Namo of Union - No. in Locul
Dental mechanics         COO
Auto and Aircraft Workers     3,008
Bakers         5,000
Painters     200
Labor  Council          €,000
Designers    *        150
Harbor boatmen      3,000
Carpenters •      3,500
Electricians         800
Franklin U'n. 23, .Pressmen     3,000
Cement Laborers       6,000
Metal Workers  (Mach.).,      8,000
Hotel Workers     '14,000
Total     53,250.
The following were not present,
but have signified their intention
pf joining:
Machinists       6,000
Marine Machinists       4,000
Marine  Mug. Amal       1,000
Feather Bern Makers         800
A Soft Snap
There are many men idle these
days. No doubt there are also many
meu who are seeking soft snaps.
One nf these was called to thc attention of a Federatlonist representative this week. This lucrative
Job was offered at the Government
Employment Bureau on Powell
Street. AU that was necessary for
the appHcant to secure this soft
snap was to be a carpenter or a
mechanic, be able to teach music to
a band, and for th*un qualifications
he could receive thc magnificent
salary of $65 per mointf and board.
And yet theso horrible working
men kick at the conditions, It Is
Abominable. They are never satis-
fled. For a salary such as this a
man should have the qualifications
of a Sousa, and be capable of building magnificent structures. And lt
would not be asking too much if
he were able to do landscape gardening, or a little kitchen gardening ln his spare time.
Buy at a union store.
Railroad Tie-Up Completed in Quick Time—
Many Arrests Made
The nation-wide railroad strike In
tbe United Stales is still going on,
although roports are being made to
the effect that traffic is getting
back to normal. Thousands of men
are still out on strike and several
thousand have returned to work,
either by having their grievances
settled or by agreeing to have thetr
wage demands heard by the Railroad Board at Washington. Whenever the strike vote was taken It
was In favor of the walk-out, and
Saturday the tie-up in practically
every state was complete.
In Philadelphia Saturday the
railroad managers met representatives of local and New York insurgents and recognized them
rather than the brotherhood officials as the real representatives
of the brotherhoods* membership
and promised to recommend to the
railroad wage board the full granting of the men's terms. Thc signers
of the agreement included O. Krlch
of the Pennsylvania, Daniel WHIard
of the Baltimore & Ohio, and
Charles II. Swing of the Reading.
Striken. In the Chicago district
refused to return to work at the
request of their leaders until President Granau of the insurgent Chicago union had been released from
prison. President Granau was later
released on bail.
Sight strikers have been arrested In San Bernadine, 18 in Los
Angeles, 8 in Salt Lake City and
others from many oth* places.
Five thousand strikers in Jersey
City voted yesterday to stay out.
There is every possibility of a satisfactory settlement by the weekend.
Gave   Evidence   Against
Today ts tbe day set for thc banging of ex-Sergt. John Wilson of the
North West Mounted Police at Begina. Wilson la the confessed and
convicted wife-murderer who spent
the greater part of last year ln Vancouver us secret ugent for the
mounted police; he was one of the
star witnesses on whose "evidence"
about twenty alleged Bussian revolutionaries were sentenced to deportation by the Star Chamber
court which sat In secret at tbe
Vancouver Immigration building
during the latter half of the year
Wilson's "evidence" was corroborated by his colleagues, Dourasoff
and Roth, whose trial for perjury
here Is set for May 4, in Judge
Cayley's court.
The deportees directly denied the
allegations made against them,
but their denials counted for nothing against tbe testimony of these
"trusty agents" of the Mounted
The callous murderer, for which
Wilson pays the penalty today, was
committed a year and a half ago—
several months before he was
brought to Vancouver to "work"
among the Russians here. Infatuated with another woman, he took
his wife ln an automobile to a lonely-
spot on 'the prairies, shot her in
cold blood, and disposed of her
body, setting fire to the car In order to cover up his rascally deed.
During his subsequent stay in
Vancouver, Sergeant Wilson was
fulsome!)- landed. by the local papers for his fine work as a man-
hunter. After his sudden recall ln
Novembei', to face thc charge of
murder, the press had little to say
of him.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
«"i"<">"»">"i^"i"»'»'»"M-i"i"f'i»«"»'M. a
,  The May Day Labor
and Picnic
Saturday, May 1st
Come and Bring Your Family
Speeches by Prominent Labor Men
Will Speak on the Winnipeg Trials
Young People Will Meet Thursday
Even I rip: Next Week Because
- of Denfese Dunce.
At a meeting of tho executive of
the Junior Labor League last Wednesday evening It was decided to
hold the regular monthly business
meeting on Thursday evening instead of the usual night, Friday,
because the Defenso Dance falls on
that night. The meeting will be
held at 1545 Charles street at 7:3$
p. m. The celebration of International Labor Day at Mahon Park
was discussed and also the matter
of thc league following tho example
of their Prince Rupert aud Winnipeg comrades and in holding a
whist drive and dance ln aid of the
Defense Fund. The local J.'li, L.
has been corresponding with similar bodies in Prince Rupert, Winnipeg and Brandon and it is expected that the various young people's
clubs of this kind will soon be announcing themselves as a Dominion-wide organization,.
The last sitting of the Mock Parliament will be held tonight (Friday) at Room 510 Dominion building at 7:30 p. Mi The "government" hopes to pass Its "Inheritance Confiscation Act" at this sitting.
Popular Speaker Will Explain the Present Day
The Socinlist Party of Canada
will hold the usual propaganda
meeting on Sunday night at the
Empress Theatre, and the ever-
popular Charles Lestor wilt occupy
the platform.
It is Bafe to say that at no previous time in Cnnada, or throughout the civilized world for that
matter, has tho working ' class experienced so much irritation, general Insecurity of life, and loss of
faith in the established order of
things, as at the present time. And
tho future dors not seem to hold
out any hope of relief: rather does
It threaten tin intensification of the
present condition. The foundations
of modern society are fthoklng nnd
must Inevitably eoflapse. What
does this mean? Il means that the
ideas und customs of the human
race ure (it variance with the needs
of a highly developed and complex
system of production. Harmony
can only be established by menns of
the mental emancipation from old
and time-worn ideas and customs,
on the part of tho working class.
Come to the Kmpress on Sunday
next and learn. Doors open ftt
7:30. Meetings nt 8 p.m. Questions and discussions.
Blackpool, England.—One of the
most momentous gatherings yet
held In the co-oporatltve movement
opened here, when more tlmn
1,000 delegates attended the special
congress of tho Co-operative Union
to consider the report of the survey committeo, appointed four
years ago, to consider ways and
means for unifying and developing
the movement. Alderman F. May-
nard presided. Thc recommendations of the committee covered a
wide Held, including suggestions for
Increasing membership and trade,
developing producUon, and promoting international co-operative trading. A central executive board wus
established, entailing a cost of
150,000 a year.
Railway Union With 300,-
000 Members Thrown
Out of A. F, of L.
One of the most important jurisdiction decisions handed down by
the American Federation of Labor
is thut of recent date suspending.
the International Brotherhood of
Maintenance of Way Employees
and Railroad Laborers for a refusal to distribute a large number
of Its members among the various
International unions, to which It is
claimed they ought to belong.
This decision will have a far-
reaching effect upon tho Canadian
labor movemont, as the loeal
unions of tho suspended International organization will also be suspended from the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada and the Trades
and Labor councils of the different
towns and cities.
The International Brotherhood
of! Maintenance of Way Employees
and Railway Laborers is one of the
strongest organizations In the
American Federation of Labor and
the Trades and Lnbor Congress of
Canada. Its membership In thc
United States and Canada is about
300,000. The organization two
years ago had a membership of less
than 30,000, but during the latter
part of 1018 and during 1019 it
had phenomenal growth.-
It is charged by some of the Ontario representatives thot thc International executive board were
too extravagant with tlie funds of
tho organization and that a change
of policy would havo to be made.
Tt is also claimed that, a large
sum of money was paid out to pay
tlie expenses of thc delegates attending the last convention of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, although the expenses should
havo been borne by t ho local
unions. It is now feared that.there
will bo nn effort made to establish
a purely Canadian Union of Maintenance of Wuy Employees.
Labor School WUl Finish
Successful Season on
Sunday Next
"The End of an Epoch" will be
the subject of Comrade E. T, Kings-
ley's address at the Federated Labor party meeting in the Royal
theatre next Sunday evening. Com-
rad Kingsley, the "old war horse"
of the coast for the last twenty
years, always has some interesting
items to poipt out that escape the
general notice and his observations
on the "End of an Epoch" will be
worth noting. That the ond of an
epoch is fast approaching should
be evident to any one who keeps
in touch with events the world over;
It is expected that "the old man'*
will straighten out a few wrinkles
regarding tho matter. Mrs. H. O;
Taylor will take the chair at 8
p. m. Doors open at 7:30 p. m.
Questions and 6-mlnute speeches
permitted after the address.
The literature .committee have
been successful ln obtaining a good
stock of literature, including several new pamphlets, and will havo
these on sale at the theatre.
The closing session of the Labor
School will be held next Sunday
afternoon ln O'Brien Hall at 2;30
children will be present on this oc-
p, m. Friends and parents of the,
casion and any. one interested in
the work of the Labor School will
be welcome. A special programme,
to demonstrate what the school has
been doing, has been arranged.
The members of the school and
friends will turn out to the celebration of International Labor Day
at Mahon Park, May 1, and intend
to take a table near the dancing
There will be a meeting of the
provincial executive on Saturday
evening at room 510 Dominion
building at 7:30 p. m.
Painters Wanted.
Two or three painters wanted to
kalsomine a store for the Vancouver Co-operative Society, Ltd., on
the conditions that shares are taken
In lieu of wages, Material will lie
supplied. Apply Mr. Skinner, 41
Pender street west.
Strike Settled
The strike of construction workers in the Princeton district, hns
been settled. The settlement has
bcen brought about in a peculiar
manner. While the company would,
not give the wages, the work has
been let out, and the contractors
■who have the work in hand are
paying the wages usked for by the
in en.
Thc Allies announced that they
would deal not with the Soviet, but
only through the Co-operatives".'
The Soviet announces that it wl))
probably deal only with American
co-operatives. A tlt-for-tat whol:
ly unexpected by the administration, which Is usually caught with
its suspenders hanging.
Unit Organized at Pern-
broke-O. B. U. Idea
Is Spreading
. Organizer Knight is kept busy on
the job in Eastern Canada. During thc pnst two weeks he has been
busy In Montreal addressing various unions and mass meetings,
Among which were the Garment
Workers, Builders Laborers, Tailors, Machinists and Engineers, At
another meeting held by Knight in
Pembroke, Ont., Capt. Hayden,
editor of the Canadian Labor Press,
apparently sent by Draper to stem
the tide, took the platform on behalf of the A. F. of L. But his
.effort was in vain for 87 members
took out O. B. U. cards, and next
(flay a local was formed, which today has about 400 members and
atlll growing. At a specially-called
meeting of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers in Montreal, vice-
pesident McLellahd of the Machinists was called upon to try and save
tfte situation for the A. F. of L.,
bin again it was nil in vain, and
resulted in a regular O. B. TJ. meeting. The strike at Cobalt is con-
ied to one mine, and everything
olng along satisfactorily. About
only thing that is keeping the
gaeat bulk of workers from joining the O. B. U. is the fear of los-
ty'g their jobs by'being locked out
and scabbed upon by A. F. of L.
Funds Needed
■ The Winnipeg local of tlje Socialist Party of Canada is making an
appeal for-funds for the coming
Provincial elections ln Manitoba.
^The party candidates in Winnipeg
^re It: B. Russell, W." A. Prltchard,
R. Ji Johns and George Armstrong.
,One way to help the men now in
goal is to see that they are elected.
Get In and do your bit.
Co-operative Guild to Meet
The Women's Co-operative Guild
of North Vancouver, will hold a
meeting on Monday evening, Aplrl
226th, at thc home of Mrs. Warrington, Twenty-fifth street east.
j\il members ore requested to.attend.
AdrtiT*$ Wanted.
Any one knowing the address of
Fred Cifiburrie will do a favor if
they will forward lt to Dan Smith,
A-hbotsford, B. C.
Co-op, Dance Tonight
The Co-'operatlve whist drive and
ttyiice will- be held In the Cotillion
Hall this (Friday) evening commencing at 8 P4u. sharp.
First Meeting in New Hall
WiV Be Mass Meeting
of All Sections
The first meeting to be held iri
the new O. B. U. headquarters,
will be held next Wednesday evening, the 23th, which will be a mass
meeting of -all the O. B. U. units
in thc district. It is expected that
tho capacity of the hall, which will
seat ubout .500,-,will be taxed to the
limit, as there will be a number of
questions raised as to the future
activities of the organiaztlonln this
district. Amongst other matters
which will come up for discussion;
will bc the question of organizing.
A good start has been made along
these lines by tho general workera
unit, but there nre still a large
number of workers which have not
at any time been organized. It in
the intention of the O. B. U. td
organize this type of worker, und
carry on organization work
amongst those workera who have
In the pust been covered by IntM'-
natlonul unions. Every member of
the organization, no matter what
occupation he is engaged In is urged to attend this meeting.
The charge of criminal syndicalism ngainst Edwin Selvin, editor
of Business Chronicle, based on an
al'tiele advocating the murder of
Union men favoring an economic
change, was dismissed by presiding
Judge Mitchell 01111am in Superior
Court on Thursday. April 8, on motion of Prosecuting Attorney Fred
C. Brown.
Wlifst Drive mid Dunce hi Cotillion
Hall Last Friday Kvenlng
Was Great Success
The whist drive and dance held
last Friday evening in the Cotillion
Hall was thc third to be held this
season by the Vancouver local of
the Federated Labor Party, and
certainly proved that "the third
time docs it," for the turnout last
Friday was by far thc best the F.
L. P. has had this winter. The
crowd, though a bit "slow" at first,
soon warmed up and got moving.
Later they were served with refreshments by the women's committee, who deserve special mention for the manner in which they
handled the crowd. The winners
of the prizes In the whist drive
were: Ladies, flrst prize, Mrs. Qow;
gentlemen's, flrst prize, Mr. Cobel-
dick; ladies consolation prize, Miss
Nellie Mercler; gentlemen's consolation prize, J. Searle. Mrs. Gow
and Mrs. H. G. Taylor tied for the
ladles first prize, and it was intended to draw for the prize, but
Mrs. Taylor had left before the
prizes were given out, and therefore Mrs. Gow was awarded the
Buy at a union store.
Being Put to Work in
Mines, But Majority of
Miners Stand Pat
All the reactionary forces In the
mining fields of Alberta and British Columbia in Mining District No.
1, O. B. U., are being lined up to
defeat the new movement. The
old-time strike-breaker Is so hard
to get, that the mining companies
have been compelled to juggle the
governmental forces in such a way
that the Mounted Police and other
"law and order" .satellites are now
working in the mines. In fact, this
new move has so embarrassed the
situation, that about one-half of
the locltcd-out miners of Coleman
have agreed to sign the check-off
of the tf. M. We of A. and return to
work. The remainder of the men
have decided to Keek new pastures,
and will carry thc One Big Union
idea Into those fields, because those
men can not consistently boost the
International Union after having
realized whut a boss loving, scab-
herding organization It Is. The
miners in Blairmore. Bellevue,
Canmore nnd Hlllcrest arc still
locked out, and still refuse to sign
the checkoff. Many, however, have
left the district, and in all probability will be thc best missionaries
thc O. B. U. can have.
New York'—A new fashion was
established In trials of "radicals"
in the criminal department of the
1 Supreme Court here, when during
the trial of Jim Larkin, charged
with violation of the state criminal
anarchy law. Judge Barton S.
Weeks order the court officers to
obtain the names, addesses and
occupations of all thc persons attending the trial. "We want to
know what they're here for, why
they're hanging around," one of
the ollicers explained.
Hello Girls Dance
Thc Telephone Operators* Union
and Electrical Trades Association
will hold their second annual ball
on Wednesday, April 28, In Lester
Court. Dancing from 9 to 2. Supper. Admission: Couple, $3.00.
Extra lady, $1.00. Tickets can be
obtained from the union headquarters at 440 Pender Street West.
M. T. Council Signs Agree-
■ ment While Members
Are on Strike
fThc Ileal carpenters have accepted tbe new wage scale offered by
the master builders. The wages
from May 1 will be 17 per day of
eight hours, until September 1,
when thoy will be $7.25 per day
until May 1, 1921. It is ulso understood that the Metal Trades Council bas signed up an agreement
with Coughlans for another six
months at the present scale of
Wages. While the Metal Trades
Council Is supposed to represent the
different workers in thc shipyards,
thc carpenters, shipwrights, and
joiners have hot yet decided as to
whether they will seek to establish
the same wages in the shipyards us
the outside men will receive. At
present thc scale for these workers
In the shipyards Is $0.84 per dny, or
lfi cents less than thc new scale for
men employed in the building
trades. Another trade which, white
affiliated with thc Metal Trades
Council, which has signed the
agreement with Coughlan's, has not
Mlt tied its wnj:e scale difficulties,
is the painters' union, whose mem-
b^rs aro slill on strike as far as
qfrtjgl.lan's is concerned. If proof
rtas needed as to the inefficiency of
tlie craft form of organization,
thtsc nn'oihollea should at least
demonstrate the futility of an organization that signs agreements,
#b!ta part of Its membership is on
$1.00 Per Month
One dollar per month each from the workers in this
province will provide for the maintenance of the *wives
and families of the men in gaol as a result of the Winnipeg- strike. If the appeal is readily responded to it will
only take ahout two months to secure all that is required.
Help us to get this money by. sending in your donation
to the Defense Committee, 405 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B. 0.
,t.^..t_«..«-^.«.....(.-i..»-t^-.i"»~»-t-«-<..«..f..|-t-«"«"r-i-.i ■♦-»-•-«-*-<
William of Hohenzollcrn, In the
days when his mustache wore Its
fiercest look, allowed 110 Socialists
to sit in the Reichstag, including
Liebknecht. After a tvnr for democracy, thc Albany assembly refuses to allow five to sit there.
First Skirmish Shows Organizing Methods Adopted Are a Success
The organising committee of the
General Workers' Unit mado no
mistake when it was decided to go
out Into* the* highways and byways
and preach the gospel of One Big
Union. The first attempt was mnde
In South Vancouver last Monday
evening, April 10, and was a huge
success. Eighty-two persons assembled In the Staples Hall, Frnser
Street, to hear Fellow-worker J. G.
Smith on the O. B. U. question, and
tbey heard something worth thinking over. He outlined In an able
manner the alms and objects of the
O. B. U„ and gave several illustrations and comparisons of the new
form of organization with the now
decaying craft form of organization
as carried on by the International
unions. Comrade Bob Hatlcy made
an admirable chairman, and asked
repeatedly for criticism, but none
was forthcoming.
The meeting was thrown open
for general discussion after Comrade Smith concluded, and four
speakers availed themselves of the
five minutes allowed for discussion.
Several questions were asked, and
answered by Comrade Smith. The
net result of the Invasion Into the
suburbs was as follows: Eight new
members, $5,-50 collected for the
defense fund, seven dance tickets
sold, and $1.35 for the sale of literature, The organizing committeo waa well satisfied with the results, and will carry the work on ln
other outlying districts. Watch for
the meeting in your locality and be
Give a little encouragement to
our advertisers.
Greatest Celebration Ever
Held Is Planned By
At a meeting held In the Labor
Temple last Sunday, comprising
representatives from various lubor
organizations in tbe city, plans
were made for a big May Day labor
celebration in Mahon Park, on Saturday afternoon, May 1. The committee Is arranging for, and hope
to make this tbe biggest labor celebration ever held in Creator Vancouver. Workers are urged to
picnic with the big bunch on this
day. A band will be in attendance
to provide dance music for those
who wish to do the light fantastic
in the evening.. A good programme
of sports will be provided for thc
kiddies In the afternoon, and speakers from various worklifg class organizations, among whom will be r.
J. Dixon, M. L. A. of Winnipeg, will
deliver rousing speeches on working class aspirations, You are expected to take a holiday on May 1
und go with the bunch to Mahon
Whalen Company Agrees
to Grant Workers'
Sir Qeorge Bury, president of
thc Whalen Pulp and Paper Co.,
also Mr. Helena, general superintendent for that company, havo
agreed to uccedc to their employees
demand for nn 8-hour day.
This demand was submitted to
the firm ubout one month ago by
the Lumber Workers Industrial
Union of the O. B, U. on request
from members of that body who nre
employed at tho Swanson Bay and
Port Alice plants.
Practically 100 per cent, of the
white workers at both of these
plants arc members of thc One Big
Union and these workors being determined that tbey shall in fultlro
be treated as civilized workers, demanded tbat the company put the
i-hour work day into effect at the
earliest opportunity.
Owing to delay on the part of the
company In accoodlng to this demand, the mon became Impatient
and sent one of their number, A. L.
Boffurt, down from Port Alice, to
get a direct reply from the company
as to their willingness to grant tbe
On Thursday of last woek, Dolegato A. li. Bogart, representing tbe
workers at Port Alice plant, also
B. F. I'etrie, representing tho workers at Swanson Day plant, and W,
Alexander, millworkers' organiser,
representing the Lumber Workers'
Uhton, met representatives of tbe
Whalen Company and the company agreed with this committee to
have the 8-Hour day put llit'o operation at their plants from May 1.
Tbey have also Issued Instructions
to tbeir mill superintendents to get
in touch" with a committee of the
men in these plants In order to
work out plans* for operating on an
8-hour basis.
What the law makers failed to do
(Continued on page 8)
AH Humbug.
The city couneil has applied to
the government for an Investigation
into profiteering. This is all hunt-
biig—-just another attempt to fool
people. We liavo bad hundreds of
such investigations recently and
thoir "findings" have been a joke.
Any attempt ou the part of such a
committee to really lay bare thc
cause of profiteering would have
but one result; the committee would
find themselves in jail on a charge
of "seditious conspiracy," or exiled
as undesirables. If the city counoll wishes to know all about it, let
them communicate with
Prisoner of War, Winnipeg,
and they will get all the information they need by return mail.
Trades Council Hears Re*
port of Federationist .
Annual Meeting
Rumored That Russell
Has Been Offered Release on Conditions
If the O. B. U. is deud, last
night's meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council would
indicate that at least lt is a pretty
live corpse. For two hours the
delegates evinced an interest In the
meeting, without any of that personal acrimony which was so much
in evidence In the old International
council, which would indicate that
there was a unanimity of purpose,
at least in the working class move- .
ment, or at least in that section of
it covered by the O. B. U. Tho
executive committee reported on
the attendance of the members of
that committee, at the shareholders' meetings of the Labor Temple
Company, and the annual meeting
of the B. C. Federationist, Ltd. •  .
Labor Temple to Be Sold.
In reporting on the shareholder's
meeting of the Labor Temple Company, the committee stated that
it had been decided to sell the
Temple for the consideration of
$20,000, after.all indebtedness incurred In mortgaging tho building
had been defrayed. It wns reported that J. H. McVety and a Mr.
Byron had taken exception to the
Trades Council representatives voting the shares held by that organization, and that they had attempted
to make it a question of International vs. O. B. U. This waa not,
however, successful, in spite of the
fact tbat there were a large number of International representatives
present, and the recommendation
of the directors, which was to sell
on the terms mentioned, was adopted. It was also reported that after
the shareholders' meeting the directors had held another meeting,
which was called by J. H. McVety
and Mrs, Fern, at which it was decided that the person carrying on
negotiations for the purchasing
purty should be informed thut the
offer wns refused. The committee
Stated that the directors' action
was not legal, and the negotiations
for sale wore being carried on.
Circulation of Fed Increases.
In reporting on the annual meeting of the Federationist, It was
pointed out that thc circulation
was now. 21,000, and that last year
the Income from circulation was
nearly $9,000 greater than ft was
in 1918, and that In spite of tlm
general strike thc income from advertising bad also increased considerably. New directors were appointed at this meeting, and the
report of thc chartered accountants.
Messrs. Crehan and Mount was
May  Duy  Celebration.
The May Day celebration committee reported on the tentative arrangements made, und stated that
Mahon Park, North Vancouvor, bad
been secured, and that F. J. Dixon
would bo the principal speaker,
and that there would he sports for
the kiddies.
The building committee reported
■'that the new hull was about ready,
and that there wouid be accommodation for large meetings nnd
dances. The executive committee (
was appointed to manage the buihl- '
ing, wilh Secretary Campbell in
The Marine Firemen and Oilers
reported that the difficulties tii
connection with tho Canadian Merchant Marine were still unsettled,
nnd nt tbe conference held recently,
the manager had stated that he
would not assume lho responsibility
of the agreement to pay the wage
(Continued on page 8)
One Big Union
On and after SATURDAY, APRIL 24,
all units of the O. B. U. will meet at
Headquarters, PENDER HALL, cor.
Pender and Howe Streets. Make your
arrangements accordingly.
Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council
J. R. Campbell, Secy. 210 Labor Temple
Sey. 291
1  - I  T t * - - TTT * T *■■*-*■—■--*-*■*■■-■*■■• - - i n  _ ii t||| ||! | |^ PAGE TWO
' FRIDAY.... -..-..-... April 21, IS*
aad present this ad to us on Saturday—it will apply
as Five Dollars in the purchase price of any Suit,
Overcoat or Raincoat you buy.
Trade in Our Upstairs
Clothes Shop and
Save Your Dollars
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
W« sold lut Saturday over 400 Pork
•Shoulder*. They only weighed froia
4 to 7 lba. each, Did you get one I
If not you hare another chanoe.
Thli Friday and Saturday wo will
again aell 500. Bee. 88c lb. Friday and Saturday, lb 50V_e
They weigh from 4 to 7 lba. again,
Apex Strawberry Jam, large tin ..tSe
Libby's JUnvpple,  tia  26c
Quaker Corn, per tia .„ —20c
String Beans, per tin 200
Slater's Best Tea, per lb. — SOo
Nabob Best Toa, per ]b. ..... 65c
Bluo Ribbon Taa, par lb.  68o
Malkin's Bost Tea, per lb. „ ..-76c
Finest Canterbury Lamb
Shoulders,  lb.
Finest Canterbury Lamb Stew,
lb — - 28c
Finest Canterbury Lamb
Shoulders,   lb .2I»/<C
Finest* Canterbury Lamb Loins,
lb   :......-....S8e
Fineat Canterbury Lamb Legs,
lb. „ _ _ 40c
Paclflo Milk, large tins, apeclal,
per caso „   ffl.35
Slater's Sliced Streaky Baeoa, lb. Me
Slater's Sliced Streaky Baeon, Ib. Mc
Slater's Sliced Ayrshire Roll, lb. 68c
Slater's Sliced Boneless Roll, lb. 46c
Finest Small Pork Sausage, Ib SSo
Fineat Pork and Beef Sansage, lb. 25c
Finest Bt'of Liver, per lb _ 15c
No. 1 Steer Pot Roast from, lb. 19*
No.  1 Steer Oven Boaat,  from
per lb.   Sle
No. 1 Steer Boiling Beef from,
per lb 200
No. 1 Steer Rolled Boneleaa Prima
Rita, per lb, „ Mb
Finest Sugar Cared Picnic Hams,
weighing from 4 to 7 lba. Regular 86 Ko per lb. Special Friday and Saturday, lb BtVaC
B, C. Fresh EggB, per dos _.....65c
Finest Potted Meat, 3 tlna for ....25c
Finest Pork and Beans, 8 tins for 26c
Kippered Wck Cod, lb  26c
Kippered  Salmon,  per lb .260
Pr?nh Kippers, 2 lba. -. .......25c
Finest Beef Dripping,  lb.   300
Wholesale price of Bntter Is 73c
lb. We will again sell our finest
Alberta Creamery Bntter on
Saturday morning from 8 a.m. to
11 a.m. at 8 lbs. for ..$2.15
Plume 8ty. 3262
Phone Fair. 1683
Phona Say. 866
Dental work that
builds a mouth
of character
Tom- biggest asset in business or social life is
your ability to present a radiant personality.
Tour smile is valued in proportion to what it
expresses—and tho smile that reveals clean,
wholesome teeth is the first impression by
which people judge character.
My skill—the perfect' appearance of the work
I substitute for missing teeth—moans a dental
structure that I call a mouth of character.
The best work at the most reasonable cost.
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown and Bridge Specialist!
Corner Seymour
Pbone   Ser.   SS31—Appointments   (or  examination
made by phone.
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings Si W.
Vancouver, B. C.
"The best" is none too good
for the man who toils
THE DAY hu passed when toil and intelligence were
Irreconcilable terms. The toiler today is educated-**
Intelligent. He appreciates music, and art, and literature
as intelligently as his employer—frequently more so. He
desires—and deserves—and secures the best in these lines.
THE CULTURAL Influence of good music can bs brought
Into his heme more tftotlvely through the medium
of tha
Tbe Incomparable Phonograph"
than by any other means, becauso the Sonora plays all
records and admits you to the concert hall, opera house
or lecture l*itm where the greatest artlses and scholars
ef the day are at your service.
Come ud beat the Bemen. To. will wut us of thsts
crest lnittumflnti. And yM doa't noed to bo a uiUimiiio
to git oao.   Ve wlU oaU tonni to salt yon.
If It's Musical—We Have It
Prince Bupert Central Labor Council Has Busy
Evening -
The regular meeting of the
Prince Rupert Central Labor Council, O. B. U., convened at S p.m.,
April 13, with 40 present. Tho
minutes of the previous meeting
were adopted as read, some bills
ordered paid, and correspond ence
from the G. B. B. secretary with
the quarterly report ordered flled.
The resignation of Secretary-
Treasurer Cameron was submitted
in written form and laid over until
the quarterly financial report was
.The flags for the fishermen being
about due for delivery, a previous
motion that the council advance
half of the bill on receipt of tho
goods waa rescinded, and the secretary-treasurer authorized to pay the
bill and retail the flags at $1.30
each (cost price).
Del, F. Shaw reported for the
Fishpackers that the award of the
arbitration board in the dispute
over a wage increase had been accepted. It provides for an Increase
of seven and a half cents per hour,
with an extra cent for working in
the freezers. A recommendation by
the board that the parties conclude
an agreement for 12 months was
not approved, but an agreement
providing for 80 days' notice on
either side was arrived at
Financial Reports
The secretary-treasurer submitted
the flnanclal report for March as
Receipts—Dues, $420.50; fees,
$129.50; women's auxiliary, $300;
other receipts, $69.60. Balance,
Feb. 29, $564.75.    Total, $1,504.85.
Expenditures — Premier strike,
$200.50; convention expenses,
$237.20; benefit dance, per Women's Auxiliary, $300; various,
$308.65; total, $1,046.35. Balance,
March 31, $458.
The quarterly report for the-
pertod ending March 31 was as
Receipts—Dues, $1,048.50; fees,
$211.50; Women's Auxiliary,
$421.95; Y. P. Society (P. G. M.
strike fund)*, $50; general. headquarters, strike fund, $400; various,
$108.05. Balance, December 81,
$535.22.    Total,  $2,775.22.
Expenditures—Rent, $90; strike
committee, $644.05; salary, $100;
commission to delegates, $74.50;
printing and ads., $136.80; proceeds
of benefit dance per Women's Auxiliary, $300; convention expenses,
$437.20; various, $634.67; total,
$2,317.22, Balance, March 31,
' Commenting on the report the
secretary-treasurer said that one or
two receipts had been overlooked,
and would be handed over to his
successor, with the cash.
Necessary supplies wore being
printed for the more efficient conduct of the work of the council
A unit secretary's report sheet
would be issued, to contain full particulars of the standing of the unit,
to be turned into the office of the
sec retary-treasurer five days after
the end of each month. It would
provide for the name and address
of the unit secretary, name of unit,
number of the credential carried
and of receipt book held by him,
numbers of receipts issued, names
and addresses of members and
trades, initiation by card or fee,
with number of folder. Dues would
be. debited to each member and
credited as paid. Totals would be
shown, also names of members who
were delegates to the Central Labor
A delegates' report sheet would
also be Issued for those not secretaries who were carrying credentials, containing the name and unit
of the delegate,' his number and
that of his credentials, number of
his receipt book, numbers of re
ceipts issued, full particulars of
members and Initiations, etc.
The secretary-treasurer would
compile a third sheet from the material provided by the other two,
which would give the total membership at the end of each month,
with suspensions and transfers, receipt books issued from his office,
cash receipts, dues paid to him or
to delegatea by members of units,
wtth the units to which the dues
should be credited, amount of dues
outstanding for each unit, etc., and
the grand total of all the membership.
Accept Resignation
The discussion on the report was
brief, 'as the Improvements mentioned had been previously debated. Tho report was accepted,
and the resignation of the secretary-treasurer was then read. After
some discussion of the reasons for
resigning, a motion to accept the
resignation with regret and appre
elation for the work performed waa
Temporary Organfxer Cann submitted his report for the past week.
The discussion following the read
Ing was an extended one, and all
the recommendations were not en<
dorsed, particularly that for the
formation of a district board which
would have power to appoint dele-
gates, the opinion being expressed
that lt waas an infringement on the
rights of the rank and flle. Del,
Cann explained that the board was
intended tto take supervision of the
unorganized parts outside the city
and the delegate system. Such
delogate would be responsible to
the board, which would be composed of five members resident in
Prince Rupert, each with a given
territory to look after. The report
was finally laid over for one week,
and the assistant secretary instruct'
ed to writo to the G, B. B. with
a view to having the Jurisdiction
of the council or the proposed board
May Buy Flsh.
Del. Rose submitted the auditing
committee's report on the books
of the retiring secretary-treasurer,
and reported everything correct
and in good shape, Tho audit took
threo hours, and at the present rate
of growth he oxpected that the next
audit would take about 12 hours.
A communication from the section
of the Fisheries Unit at Skldegate
was reported by Del. Booth, which
asked for advances'to be made to
the fish buyers for a bid for the
tvholA Mulnmii  ootnh  nf  tha   .tnmtnir
Be a Meeting of the
B. C. Defense Committee
AU memtofs are urged to attend
Much importantfbusincss must bc attended to
Europe's Financial Condition
IT was stated in a despatch in a
Toronto paper recently that
America is losing faith In
Europeans. However that may be
as regards the character of Europeans, It seems probable that the
United States ts losing, and with
reason, iaith in tho ability of most
of the European nation* to repair
their shattered finances. A very
able article on this matter by Mark
O. Prentiss, hi a recent number of
the New York Nation, gives expression to a view which is gaining
an increasing hold on the understanding public of the United
States. After remarking that Germany's condition is such that even
the Allied governments are coming
to admit the economic impossibility
of the peace treaty, he goes on to
speak of the financial condition of
France and Italy.
"France," he says, "Is in a hopeless situation because it never made
any attempt to pay an appreciable
part of its war debt by taxation,
but slid along in the eaay expectation of recovering huge indemnities
from Germany and making good its
losses' in Russia. France's enormous loans to Russia have vanished, and the hope of large Indemnities from Germany has faded. Germany is not worth over $50,000,-
000,000 at a liberal estimate, without allowing for the serious depreciation of its railways and'other
public utilities, nor for its decreased man-power and wealth-produc-
ing territories; and its national indebtedness today is about $55,000,-
000,000. Germany is, furthermore,
short«-of raw materials, food and
other vital commodities needed not
only to sustain Its life, but also to
reconstruct Its fiscal position by
increased exports. Without shipping, without trading facilities of
any kind, with an enormously in
creased rate of exchange, Germany
is unwilling to draw from foreign
countries any of the urgently required commodities. As an example, a bushel of wheat which before the war Germany imported at
a cost of, roughly speaking, 4
marks, costs today 400 marks;" and
other commodities which it'lms to
pay for—whether raw matlriSl or
life's necessities—are on a similar
basis of cost.
"Tlie Interest charges on' Italy's
national debt are almost as great
as its gross national income before
the war. Italy has lost its former
income from the masses of tourists
who visited the country; it'Aas lost
its cheap labor, and the cost .'^'Importing the raw materials on which
it is absolutely dependent has skyrocketed. Where formerly it imported 11,000,000 tons of coal, costing In Its own currency 20.to 26
lira a ton (four to five dollars), it
now has to import just as many
tons, and with its present enormously depreciated currency each ton
costs from 600 to 700 lira. Naturally, this increases in proportion
to the cost of transportation, therefore directly affecting the actual
coat of transportation, therefore directly affecting the actual cost of
other commodities, whether produced in the interior or imported
from abroad; and as Italy has also
to Import great quantities of food
and other raw materials for its industries, there is little chance of
continuing to do business on this
basis. Italy's situation is more or
less like that of the other Euro
peon countries, which ,are dependent more and more on food and
raw materials to be supplied by
foreign countries, not only to sustain their own home life, but ln order to enable them to export the
manufactured articles wherewith to
pay for the imported foodstuffs.
Add to the increaso in prices caused
by tho fall in Italian exchange the
alarming increase ln the   cost   of
season.   It was referred to the fish
ermen's delegate present.
Del. Booth said that a report
published in the B, C. Federatlonist had wrongly quoted him as saying that when the trouble on the
S. S, Carruthers was in progress a
phone message had been despatch
ed from the office of the C. F. &
C. S. Co. offering to advance the
fees and dues of the International
union to the men who were going
in the place of the O. B. U. firemen who had been flred. Another
delegate had given that report.
The council then, proceeded to
the business of electing a new
secretary-treasurer. It was pointed
out by the retiring official that the
financial condition did not permit
of a man being appointed on full
time at once. The assBlstant secretory said that he had been re
quested to stand, but in case of
his election It would be necessary
to have a joint offlce down town,
where he could attend to the business of the L, W. I. U. as well as
that of the council. He coultf not
possibly handle the two Jobs if he
had to run from one offlce to the
other. He'suggested that the offlce
be separated, and that a secretary
and a treasurer be elected, as with
his own unit affairs to look after
he doubted if he could manage
them both satisfactorily. Members
present, including the retiring seeretary-trensurer, offered their assistance when nocessary, and a motion to separate the offices of secretary and treasurer was lost. The
only members to accept nomination
were the assistant secretary, J. H,
Burrough, and Del, W. Shaw. The
vote gave the former 25 and the
latter 16, the chair duly declaring
Del. J. H. Burrough elected. Del,
W. Shaw was unanimously elected
as assistant secretary,
The soeretary referred to eortain
premises vacant In a central location which would be suitable for a
headquarters and joint office, and
the building committee arranged to
visit them the nejft night. The term
of the temporary organiser having
expired on tho appointment of a
full time secretary-treasurer, was,
by mollon, exlendod another weok,
and   adjournment   was   taken   nt
ocean transport from the United
States (from less than two dollars
to more than twenty dollars a ton)
and Italy's deplorable situation is
Most of us realized that the financial condition of both France and
Italy was deplorable, if not desperate. But few probably will be prepared for the very serious and
combre view which Mr. Prentiss
takes of the status of Great Britain
"It Is not pleasant,'' be says, "to
discuss Great Britain's plight People look upon Great Britain as the
most solvent of all European nations, and the thought of British
repudiation seems almost sacrilegious. Yet here are the facts as I
have deduced them. Before the
war, Great Britain had $20,000,-
000,000 invested throughout the
world. Forced sales, shrinkage,
and other factors have reduced
this by 76 per cent., leaving perhaps $5,000,000,000. Last year
Great Britain's income was £2,000,-
000 per day less than Its national
expenditure. The British Government Is under tremendous expense
to maintain the 'penny loaf,'
which costs £1,000,0010 a week, and
the expense of maintaining military establishments in Ireland, India, Egypt, and elsewhere is enormous. Already its permanent Internal charges amount to over
£370,000,000 (and considerable
sums are annually due abroad) as
against a pre-war interest charge
of $24,500,000. Computed ln relation to the total man-power of the
British Isles, the annual Interest
charge of $24,500,000. Computed
In relation to the total man-power
of the British Isles, the annual Interest charge Is more than £30 per
man. Great Britain's finance ministers merely juggle figures when
they say that the British budget
balances. The imports of Great
Britain have Increased in value,
roughly, from £600,000,000 in 1013
to almost £1,800,000,000 In 1918
(or, taking it at a rate of exchange
of five dollars to the punda, from
$3,000,000,000 to $0,000,000,000).
A superficial consideration of such
data would give the impression
that Great Britain had imported,
apart from the Increase in prices,
a great deal for the purposes of
increasing the production of Its in-
dustires, with a view to larger exporting, in connection with that, I
need only call attention to tho
Board of Trade figures from the
flrst of January to the first of December, 1919, which show that
while the increase in value of imports has almost quadrupled, yet
In actual weight the imports had
considerably decreased; that Is,
while in 1913 for a similar period,
the imports were roughly 50,000,-
000 tons, in 1919 they were only
about 35,500,000 tons, that ts a
decrease of nearly 15,000,000 tons
In actual quantity. But more staggering still is the discovery that
this decrease is mainly in wood and
timber, which decreased from 11,-
000,000 tons to 6,300,000; and In
metallic ores, including iron ore,
which fell from 8,450,000 tons to
5,770,000 tons. These are the two
primary commodities required not
only to rehabilitate the decay and
destruction consequent to the war,
but also to enable the* manufacturing of such articles as could be exported to a larger extent."
These views may, 6r may not, be
too alarmist In their nature, but, at
any rato, they are very different
from the views often found ln the
columns of Canadian papers to the
effect that Great Britain was never
more prosperous than now, and
never more sure of commercial supremacy.—Tho Statesman.
Is Acting As Consul-General in Australia—Goes
Ahead Without Consent
Shortly after the Russian November revolution, when the Soviet
government, headed by Nicholas
Lenin, came into power in Russia,
Peter Simonoff was appointed accredited representative of the Soviet government In Australia. Immediately the appointment was
mado, the Australian anti-Labor
government set out to harass him
ln every possible way. First his
malls, including Important state
documents, parchments, monies,
etc., and tlie usual correspondence
incidental to consular offices was
withheld from him—in short, he
was put on the banned list, and as
far as the post office was concerned, Simonoff didnt' exist.
He was shadowed by detectives
and military officials, and efforts
were made at various times to get
him out of the country, but all to
no purpose. His speeches to working class audiences were taken
down by pimp stenographers and
recorded to be used against him at
any time. Notices were served on
him compelling him to close his
mouth, but Simonoff was undeterred and went on his way in accordance with the usual custom of diplomatic representatives. Eventually ho was thrown Into jail on a
six months' sentence! but was released after serving four months
of the term.
Opens Bureau
Hs made repeated efforts to secure recognition, and the lifting of
the restrictions against him, but
all to no purpose. Finally, at the
beginning of the present year, he
decided to take matters into his
own hands. He set about opening
tho Australian bureau of the Soviet
government, and apparently the
fact that he has determined to go
ahead and conduct business on behalf of his government at all costs
had induced the Australian govern,
ment to leave him in peace.
Today he Is located In a modestly furnished bureau at No| 28, Station House, Rawdon Place, Sydney,
Australia, ready to do business on
behalf of his government as soon
as preliminaries are out of the way.
With the establishment of his office, he has decided to Issue a
monthly journal for the spread of
the truth about Soviet Russia,
something along the lines of "Soviet Russia," Issued by Martens in
New York,
Socialists Help
Simonoff, in his trials, has had
the assistance of all leading Australian democrats, who have stuck
to him through thick and thin, assisting him to secure that justice to
which he was Unaccredited representative off Russia, is entitled. The
Australian Labor-Socialist writers
and newspapers have lent him valuable aid from time to time In voicing his wrongs and the wrongs of
his people, and it is with no little
sense of relief that they see Simonoff today installed in his proper
place in the Commonwealth of
Australia. Ills latest act has been
to address the Australian government on the need of trade between
the two countries and incidentally
justice for his people—taking care
at the same time to publish the
official communication far and wide
in pamphlet form to prevent the
Australian government "putting
one over on him" as lt were. Simonoff states that he will continue
to follow this course in all communications with the Australian
or any other government. "Public
diplomacy" is his watchword.
Eighty-six Sflin Fein Hanger Striken Released After Workera
Tie Vp Industry
Dublin, April 15.—The two-day
general atrlke haa won In Ireland.
Sixty-six Seln Fein prisoners ln
Mount Joy prison were released by
ths British government after commerce had been tied up for two
days aa a result of the protest
walkout called by the If bor unions.
It la officially announced, however, that lt la not Intended to release all tha hunger strikers ln
Mount Joy prison unconditionally,
but that an order has been Issued
that thom requiring medical treatment outside the prison, will be released on parole tot periods to be
specified ln the case of each Individual by tha prison doctor.
Eighty-one of the hunger strikers had not been tried. Twenty
wero Imprisoned under the Defense of the Realm act, without
an indication even of tha charge
against them other than that their
detention waa merely preventive.
Sixty wero awaiting trial, mostly
by courtmartial for sedition, though
no charges had been made against
Rotterdam.—Extremists at Danzig have sent an ultimatum to Sir
Reginald Tower, British eornmls
sioner there, demanding the re
moval of his troops and threatening
a genoral strike if their demands
are not complied with, says a despatch to The Nieuwe Rotter-
damsche Courant from Hamburg.
Sir Reginald is said to have embarked his troops on an English
warship In the harbor. There Is a
strong Bolsheviki movement In
Danzig, reports say.
London.—The real reason that
England Is not insisting upon the
Immediate reduction of Germany's
army to 100,000 men is that she
has her own uses for that army,
which include a drive against Soviet Russia lh the spring, and the
general suppression of labor. This
Is tile opinion very freely expressed
in  liberal circles    here    and .in
Our advertisers support tho Federatlonist. It Is up to you to support them.
Reduce Your
Grocery Bills
I not only sell for leaa, but I
guarantee tlio quality to be
the bost obtainable.
New Laid Eggs, doz 550
Old Ontario Cheese, lb. 38o
Finest Creamery. Butter,
per lb 750
Evaporated Figs, 2 lbs.
for 350
Evaporated Peaches, practically peeled 250
New Season's Prunes, 2
lbs. for ,...250
Pearl Brand Split Peas, 2
lbs 250
Green Peas, 3 lbs 250
Popcorn, per lb 180
Shelled Peanuts, lb 26o
Finest Peanut Butter, per
lb .v 80c
Broken Orange Pekoe Tea,
per lb 60o
Boyal   Standard,   Robin
Hood,    Ogilvie's   and
Five Roses Flour, 49-lb.
sack $8.45
Robin Hood Rolled Oats,
per sack 47o
Tlie Home of Quality
Seymour 120(1
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Bargain House
17 and 21 jewels, Swiss
S.B.B., gold-filled, guaranteed, No.
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A complete line of Swiss movements carried in gold-
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IPATHFP PftlTPH Keeps tobacco moist and
LCAlIICn rUUVll clean. Size 3x6 inches,-
with flap and two fasteners. No. M.P. 752.
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B.B.B. No. M.P. 753. «|>1.UU '
POUCH and PIPE for ■ ■ $1.69
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References:  The Merchants Bank of Canada
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Free catalog
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Name ..........*..,- i...., ,	
Address . .1. ,	
Calcutta, India — Twenty-ilve
thousand masons in Calcutta have
gone on strike, demanding an 8-
hour day and 48 cents a day wages.
The present working day Is twelve
hours and wages amount to 26c a
Phont Stymour 7168
Third  Floor,   World   Bulldlnf,   Tu*
convar, B. O.
The House
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For many years Allan's has
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The visitor has an opportunity of viewing here the highest quality gems — diamonds
that hinge In size from the
sparkling Solitaire of a carat
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Tour buying Is assisted by
we stake the honor of the
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'•The House of Diamonds"
Greatest Stock of
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Replete in every detail
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Meals of the Best—Priees
P. Gibb
57 Cordova St. W.
Near th. Loggers' Hall
_   t nil nktai FAMFHUT, aunl M *• tdt
fACT&   II *** ,*. rtrtfeh M* MEXICO-
f**, U itr.uM Iran th. ihoaMwJt Mtflt * ff
LEUM •«! lh «Mn« •! lb. JESUITS *- Ih »
11 ft* 0. «*»r fn. a, tttn tmtnm Wa*
(mum nt mKiru-«0T tea nom*
Cms rviuwDK co, luniiinuk so,*. o>Uu<, c*
Nn ISM |» 100, .U ihrin r>.*M
THESE lino Spring jays make you want to get out doors anl
enjoy yourselves. *
Whethor you ore a disciple of Isaac Walton or a baseball «n-
thuslast, we are here to take care of your overy need. We hav.
the largest stock of high-grade fishing tackle and sporting gooda
in British Columbia, all moderately priced.
(118 HASTINGS STREET WEST Phono Soymonr ttt
Ask for it
It's Union-Made
For Sale at all stand*
Westminster Brewery Oo. IHIS PAGE IS PAID P0E BT IBB
 _T. IHE 0. B. U.
tbis paob i* mtotbd'TO nrm-
wobeebs van or the o.b.tt.
$2.00 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
50,000 IN 1920
At the late convention of thd L.
W. I. U., It was decided to cut
out all piece work, but lt was left,
I understand, to the district* to decide same. Owing to the state of
mind of the majority of the tie
makers, I do not think the time Is
ripe. At present many of them
don't seem to realize the ovil of
long hours. They seem to think It
makes no difference for piece men
to work as long as they can stand
It, This is about what happens:
Along comes a husky fellow; big
and strong. He Is able, by working ten hours, to make a third
more ties than the average men
for a period of say, sixty or ninety
days at the most. Then he is all In,
and must take a lay-off. Here Is
where the great evil comes In. The
boss is not slow to take advantage
of such things. He can fix it so
this type of man will be so placed
aa to have him make all he can,
but where the camp or district trys
to get a rise In the price, he Is ever
ready to point to this individual as
a sample of what can be done un
dor the prevailing price.
It seems to mc that we must try
to enforce the 8-hour day on piece
work, just as strict as on day work
until such time as piece work can
be eliminated altogether.
A flne on members who persist
In working more than S hours
might be a good thing.
Tack's Camp
The conditions in this camp are
above the average. The bunkhouses are 18x30 feet, fitted with 8
single beds and mattresses, In good
condition, and are washed out onco
a week. There are washroom, dry-
room and bathing facilities. The
board is good, and the table is furnished with earthenware dishes,
ffhere Is no discrimination against
Active union men, and the committee have always been courteously
received when submitting grievances to Mr. Tack.. At a meeting,
held April i, it was decided to demand of the boss that he hire no
men through the association employment agency until such time as
said agency ceased to operate a
blacklist. On April 7th the employers reply to above demand was
received, stating that no men were
being hired through this agency,
and that he had no Intention of
hiring through said agency. A
motion was also passed that tha
men In this camp would support
any aetion of a national character,
which might be tnken on behalf of
the Labor leaders Imprisoned in
'Winnipeg, and a suggestion was
made that each man donate a day's
pay to the Winnipeg defence fund.
Tho sum of 1256.70 was collected.
Benson's Camp
Good camp, all lower bunks;
blankets, sheets and pillows furnished and washed once a week.
Bave ono shower bath, and will
have another one In a few days;
bot and cold water, Have a good
cook, good food and fruit, such as
oranges, apples and'bananas once
A day. Bunk houses kept clean.
There are about 25 men working
Cottonwood Camp
This Is a pretty good camp; good
took nnd good grub; one way on
Ihe company's time, one way on
Ihe men's, Have shower baths
ind electric lights. Foreman says
■e will put ln blankets as soon as
he can get a laundry built. This
camp Is recommended to any union
McLeod Ttanbor company
Two tents, 16x28; one has eight
double bunks and the other nine.
The third tent is 16x56, containing
eleven bunks. This tent has been
used oa a kitchen and dining room
before, hence a big garbage pile
outside. So far there is only two
bunkhouses built of lumber beside
tho kkehen, dining room and office.
One Is occupied by the cook and
wife; In the other one there are six
double bunks. The grub Is fair, but
could stand a little more variety.
The bull bucker claims to be a
good union man, but am inclined
to think he is 100 per cont. tho
other way. There Is no bathroom
or dry room. The toilet is only 50
feet from the kitchen. There Is a
•hack bultt from split cedar which
Is used aa a wash room, the soap
water running down between two
Of the sleeping tents.
Contributions to Winnipeg defense fund from the Otis Staples
Lumber Co. Contributions of $5
each as follows:
J. Sampson, H. Lowe, G. Bruce,
B. Cascaden, H. Daly, C. Richardson, James Trail, K, Dobson, F.
Contributions of f 3 each as follows: F. Bird, Fred Kenendy, E.
'Contributions of $2 each as follows: J. Solum.
Contribution of $3.15, A Friend.
Contributions of $2 each ss follows: I. Rushon, C. .Kennedy, A.
Vanderson, W. R. Bidder, O, Cen-
zer, B. Lunden, 12. March!, I. W.
Bidder, D. Smith, C. Laresn, B. Ito-
goza, R. Mus'aer, Nels Quick, I.
Contribution of $1.75, S, Kemp.
Contribution of $1, E, Morrison.
Contributions of $1 each as follows:
O. Ryden, Wm. Brown, C. Ryden,
Fred Stone, M, Fanning, A. Beduz,
E. Bissetto, L. Gicumzes, A. Fraser,
A. Cappazzucl, E. Innocentic, L.
Montrlezo, I. Pighin, A. Clcco, T,
Leautin, E. Flood, E. Clarot, C,
Ganrletz, I. Reaume, I. Hyllshcn,
H. Ekland, I. Shopherd, G. Rose-
ovear, J. W. McLeod, Takim Schm-
Contributions, C. Soderberg, 76c;
I. Holthe, 65c; E. Lnmbson, 6c; G.
Tuettetz, 60c.
Contributions from Camp 9,
Yahk, to Winnipeg defense fund:
Contribution of $2.50, John Holbo.
Contributions of $2 each as follows: Pete Hanson, Charlie Olson,
G. Nicholson.
Contributions of $1 each as follows: C. Thurston, Louis Johnson,
Rudolph Olson, Andrew Petterson,
Andrew Lawron, J. Gabrlelson, Er.
nest Paul, Chris Anderson, Gust Si-
Baker & McNabb's Cnmp, $44.
Collected by Fred Bidder, $43.
We have received a letter from
our delegate at Dahl & Falks camp,
Village Bay, Bold Point, stating
that on April 6th, Dahl & Falks'
gas boat came to camp with an insane man on board, together with
six other men on board. Within a
few hundred feet of camp this Insane man jumped overboard, and
was pulled out and laken to camp
to get some dry clothes. While
the men were getting dry clothing,
this insane man, Olaf Johnson, disappeared. Several men hunted for
him for several days, but could, not
flnd any trace of him, and the police were notified, but up to the
present, has not been found.
All the lotters that we could flnd
were written in 1918, and no trace
of his relatives.   This Is a copy of
the latest letter sent to him;
"Mr. Ola Johnson,
"Oct. 16th, 1919.
"There Is no mail here, but I am
sending you your union receipt
card, and I suppose Nels Dahl is
with you. I am sending his union
receipt card. Please give It to him
If he Is with you, if not send it into
the B. C. Loggers Union, Cranbrook, nnd oblige.
Any one knowing this man or his
relatives, please communicate with
Vancouver headquarters.
Contributions from Camp 5 and 9,
Contribution of $8, T. Malitall.
Contributions of $2 each as follows: G. Nicholson, J. Gustafson.
Contributions of $1 each, as follows: John Johnson,. C. Anderson,
J. Johnson, Henry Aho, T. Mackie,
Ed. Holstnd, J. Hnlstad, J. Huttula,
A. Schultz, Ed. Larson.
Any one knowing the address of
Mike White and Mr. Beeizuk,
please inform Vancouver headquarters.
Any one knowing the present
address of T. W. Mclvin'sley, formerly worked at Yapp's camp, Sechelt, are asked to send the Information to Vancouver headquarters.
Anyone knowing the present address of J. Armstrong, who formerly worked at Dahl & Folk's camp,
Village Boy, please inform Vuneouver headquarters.
All  loggers  working on  driven
throughout thp Mist are solid In demanding $(1.00 ana bonrd for mi
eight-hour day.
Directory of District Offices
Vancouver, B. C; E. Winch, 61 Cordova Street West
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H, Thompson....Box 18
Cranbrook District—Legal adviser:    George 'Ipreull
Kamloops, B. 0 J. L. Peterson Box 812 „
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0.' Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelion, B. 0 E. Mutoh .Box 197
Meetings are held in the O. B. U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the flrst and Srd Sunday ot each month at
3 p.m.
Prince George, B.C.... J. Stevenson Drawer 20
prince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 E. WaterBon 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta 0. Berg 10333-lOlst St. E.
Prince Albert, Sask...Geo. Tether 108~8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont W. Cowan Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont G. Anderson 281 Bay Street
 Box 390
Fort Frances, Ont T. Mace
Webster Hall
Cobalt, Ont. J. D. Cluney .96 Lang St.
Montreal 3 Craig St. E.
Vancouver District Seeretary:   61 Cordova St. W.
General Items
Constitutions are being printed in
English, French, Finnish and Ukra*
nian. District secretaries should
write headquarters, stating how
many they require in each of the
languages mentioned,
All eamps are asked to forward
to headquarters immediately the
scale of wuges that Is boing paid in
their camps.
Defense Fund Donations
Lumber Workers' Industrial
Union, Kamloops dlstttct, per, J. L,
Petorson, |2C; Camp H, Bock Bay,
Donations Received
Trail Barnard Logging Company,
Orford Bay, 18.SO; Camp 2, Green
way Sound, B. C, (02.80.
Defenso Fund Donations
Dempsey Camp 1, Drury Inlet,
B. C, per Chas, ..Renshaw, .121;
McQougan & McDonald's cump,
Beaver Creek, W; Robtrt Hand &
Co.'s camp, Stillwater Maintenance
fund, por Edwurd Kelley, $32.
Result of the voting on the referendum ballot for Port Arthur
Yes     No
Question   No.     1 328
2 330
" 3 318 8
4 327
« 5 325 1
" C 329
" 7 330
" 9 328
" 10 328
11 325
12 327
14 326' 1
" 16 320
" 16 326    .
17 327
18 326
" 19 327.
20 328   •      1
21 327
22 327 3
" 23 310        18
24 238        88
" 25 325 3
" 26 324 2
27 321
28 327 1
" 29 327
" 30 326
31 172      143
" 32 326 3
" 33 321 3
34 325
" 35 325 1
36 325
•• 36 237        tO
37 322 5
" 38 323 6
39 320 5
40 325 2
41 316 7
42 295        32
43.; 285        35
44 279        16
" 45 325
" 46 218 1
" 47 320 1
" 48 318        15
" 49 219        38
The following amendments to the
proposed constitution were agreed
to by the convention, to read aa
Question ■ Tes     No
No. 17      309 0
"   18     323
"   IS     316 t
••   22     316 2
"   21     315       10
"    20     817 1
"   27     263        49
"   28     302 8
"   30     299 9
"   ::     290        82
"   36     807
"   39     268        14
"   40     308 1
"   44     309
"   49     285        28
"   58     293        16
"   65     285       26
Vote for one only for secretary:
P. O. Anderson, 140 yes, 25 no;
6 votes at convention. „
N. Hatherly, 171 yes, 6 no; 5
votes at the convention.
A. Kottcridgo, 8 yee, 14 no; no
votes at thc convention.
A Manchec, 8 yes, 15 no; no
votes at tho convention.
C. W. Fostor, 3 yos, 14 no; no
votes at thc convention.
District  Executive   Board,   only
flive to be elected:
R. Lockhead, 224 yes, 6 no; 11.
H. Bryan, 232 yes, 8 no; 8.
A. Beck, 180 yes, 0 no; C.
S. Holm, 126 yes, 3 no; 5.
O. Swanson,-134 yee, 12 no; 5.
V. Lalne, 124 yes, 12 no; 4„
A. Hnugaard, 14 yes, 114 nn: 4.
H. Morrell, 13 yes, 82 no; 3.
L. Doyle, 10 yes, 142 no;; 3.
T. Jarvis, 12 yes, 30 no; 2.
Bob Williams, 13 yes, 20 no; 2.
The following clauses of the proposed constitution were endorsed,
expressed by the genernl convention:
Nos. 3, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16,
19, 21, 24, 26, 20, 29, 31, 33, 34, 36,
37, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 47, 48,
SO, 61, 52, 54.
R. J. Cortilsli, I'oimtimilt-ttt'- Immediately Willi Vancouver head-
quarters, 61 Cordova straet went.
Strike at Port Alloc
A strike of lumber workers has
been called ut Cnmp E, Port Alice,
B. C. The trouble hus arisen out
of the contract system.
strike Settled.
The atrike at Camp C. Crawford's
Anchorage has been settled, on the
understanding that blankets will
be furnished, and an Increase of
wagea to the extent of 60 cents per
The situation In the East can
only be understood by those who
are east of Winnipeg.
In order to understand the East,
organizers must be sent there, and
help build the organization from
the material at hand. Some of eur
fellow workers Judge tho organization through "coupon clipping"
and "Interest bearing" spectacles; a big treasury and a dead
membership can hardly be called
a union.
As I understand the O. B. U., It
is to be built by the delegates, and
as organizers we are to get those
delegates, sign up delegates, and
spread our literature. If the organizers get the delegates, who by
their activities double the membership of. our organization, then
it is being done indirectly by the
organizers. It is impossible to
judge un organizer from the angle
of income, as It is lmposslbe to
measure in dollars and cents the
new ground he breaks as a propagandist. The habit has been to
board trains going east and spreading literature, choosing a slave
from the crowd with the intention
of making him delegate, and ex-
plalning the organization to the
crowd generally. This work helps
the next organizer who goes further eust and enables each organizer to cover a big field and sow
the seeds broadcast. The only
way to Judge tho activities of the
organizers is by the growth of the
general membership. On the other
hand, we have the problem of education, In order to get the workers
to line up with their fellow-men,
they must be made to realize the
value of organization, by what
means the worker shortens his
work day and raises his standard
of living, and last, but not least,
how he Is exploited. We are forced
to organize for self-defence, it Is
up to us to educate our fellow-
workers to their class position in
society, and insteud of being button and card packers, be union
men. G. A. CLARK.
Fellow Worker John Munroe got
both legs cut off between the ankle
and knee while coupling cars at
Campbell River.
Strike at Port Nevalo
The loggers working at Camp 1,
Port Neville, are on strike. The
company tired the cump delegate
and ilie men at once quit. They
wtll return with the delegate.
As we have beon unable to secure the present wage scale, and
us we have so muny enquiries for
same, it is requested that all camps
send In the scale that is being paid
in their camp, to Vancouver headquarters.
Missing Men
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Noting the comment in the Canadian
Forestry Journal on the amount of
men "missing" from the lumber
Industry in Eastern Canada, and,
deploring the fact that the logger
seeks a more congenial and easier
job in some city, the writer goes on
to rave about how much a gang of
men would produce in the "good
old days;" much the same as we
used to bawl at night after doing
a day's work, before we organised,
and began to discuss our own economic poblem.
He continues: "Years ago a gang
commonly accounted for eight to
ten thousand feet, board measure,
in a day's work. Today a gang of
tile same numerical strength will
not average half that production."
Well, and why not ? If the writer
of that article would take a trip
through some of the Ontario and
Quebec camps, he would flnd the
answer. Ke would find on an average, a bunk house 25x40 feet, with
from 30 to 40 men in lt; a string
of double-decked muzzle-loading
bunks with spruce poles for
springs, hay for mattresses; blankets that came over in the Mayflower, and judging by the size of the
lice, they came with the blankets.
. In most cases the floor Is Mother
Earth; a red/hot stove is kept buBy
all night drying wet cTothes—imagine 40 pairs of wet box making a
desperate attempt to get dry in
your bedroom.
Sometimes you will come to a
camp that boasts a ventilator,
while all camps provide a bath in
the nearby snowdrift.
It is Impossible to explain the
conditions of a logging camp tn
every detail. It would be equal to
writing another "Jungle."
.. Is it any wonder the worker prefers, the "easier" and more "eon-
jgeqiur' city jobs ? A few months
in an Eastern Canada slave pen,
with slave-drivers of the "Bush
.Culture" variety Is enough for any
'r. The industrial unrest and. inefficiency of the workers are the next
Jn line for a drubbing by our C.
X- & Bcribe. We find that during
.me,course »f six years, the slave of
'Xbe East has lost 50 por cent, of
JiiSj efficiency, wliich is mysteriously coupled together with the camp
agitator, i. e., most old-timers look
for a good job and decent living,
conditions, therefore they stay
away from the logging camps.
The uninitiated go to the camp,
find conditions unbearable and
consequently  joins   one   of   three
M. B. King Lumber Co., Newton,
B. C, M4; .lessica camp, maintenance fuifd-, $17.
Statoment for Mnrch, 1020
Dues '■ • • * 71.00
Fees .,       5.00
Delegates' remittances  ..$448.45
Less commission  $43,50
Less expenses "*5
Less transfer to C. L. C. » .. 109.00
District members  j «•... •. • 26.00
O. B. U. Buttons sold  8-1B
Literature    MQ
Sundries  3-30
Balance on hand February 29  214.75
Expenditures— ,
Wages 1180.00
Janitor sorvice      8-00
Printing Btrike dodgers    S8.50
Rent       *-00
Advertisement for three months    24.00
Offlce supplies       6.75
Stamps   '     1120
Telegrams       3>*0
Exchange on cheques 15
Sundries       M#
Remitted to headquarters  300.00
Balance on hand March 31  101.00
Statement from March 1 to March 31
Dues   $26.00
Delegates' remittances  .$31.00
Less commission '     2.00
Balance on hand February 29    27.45
Stamps     $ 1.00
Offlce supplies       1.00
Remitted to headquarters ,.,     20.50
Balance on hund March 15 ,     52.95
Statement for Mmrli .11, 1020
Receipts— l ri
Dues  boi $   488.00
Fees  i        30.00
Delegates' remittances   M $363.00
Less commission    '■;-: $23.50
Less expenses nav     1.00
i/if      24.50
.   -j  338,50
Refund of Chase strike advances ..;...■      117.00
O. B. U. Buttons sold   J;,.',  8.55
O. B. U. Folders 75
Defense fund collections      122.00
Coo! miners' strike collections  7.00
Balance on hand February 29       6S6.6S
Wages   $ 250.00
Janitor service  2.00
Kent    20.00
Heating     4.00
Water and light  1,05
Subscriptions to Soviet KusBia  5.30
Telegram and telephone account ,  c.Ol
Postage  6.00
Offlce supplies  1.05
DofenBC fund collections remitted  66.00
Chase strike expenses and advances   373.00
Express    ' • ' 1.05
Organization.  20.00
Balanco on bund March 81    •   1,0.43.83
gangs, one working, one coming,
one going (those going are camp
agitators and Bolsheviks.)
With the above conditions In
mind, lt is easy to see where tho
trouble lies. Our masters, running
true to type, are after every dollar Ihey ean get, with the least
possible outloy.
Under tho heading of "Feeding
the Lumberjack," we find that It
costs our masters from 45c to $1
for oats, and from $15 to $30 pec
ton for hay. There you have It in
a nutshell. What is the difference
between a wage slave and a horse?
But thc end is not yet The lumber workers are the only ones who
will ever do any cleaning up, and
the only way to do it efficiently is
by lining up wtlh your fellow workers and start in, on the cleaning-
process, with the camp in which
you are working.
What we want is the best possible living and working conditions,
short hours and the best wages.
It's up to you.
Tlie Cook House Question
After reading the articles, signed
by a cook's wife In the issue of
The Federationist of April 9,1 have
already come to the conclusion
that it is up to the cooks themselveB, with the help of their fellow workers, to ask for more help
in the cook-house, so as to bring
the day's work to 8 hours per day.
In the majority of the oamps there
Is no second cook, therefore the
cook cannot flnd time to attend
camp meetings, and put before his
fellow workers his complaints. We
formerly held our meetings on
Wednesday evenings at 6:30; the
flunkeys were Interviewed, and
asked to come, but they informed
us that if the meeting was held at
7 o'colck, they could attend the
meetings, so we changed the time;
but still they do not attend. If
the average man on this coast did
not carry a card .just to hold his
job, or if they had grit enough, it
would be only a matter of a few
days or weeks before the cooks
would have their demands. Being
a delegate, I am somewhat posted
as to kitchen conditions. I have
more trouble with cooks and flunkeys when they are asked if they
belong to the union. The answer I
usually get Is: "Well, I am not
working in the woods; I came hero
to work In the kitchen." How do
you think we can get the hours
shortened when they have to be
made to carry a card? Or will try
to work In the woods 8 or 9 months
without paying their dues, for I
have collected dues as far back as
that. I would suggest that lt would
be a good idea to see that all his
kitchen staff carry a card and report to the delegate, and then they
would understand that it takes a
card to work in the kitchen as well
as in thc woods. Also attend the
camp meetings for their own benefit. Further, you state you do not
see why a cook should have to join
the union, It appears to me that
is what we havo a union for. It is
for the cook as well as for thc
whistle boy, so they can get together and have their complaints
dealt with. Regarding your idea
of a Province cooking school, I
had my experience in the army of
such scholars, for when they cook
for a crew, they have to board out,
as they cannot live on their own
Closing, hoping to get a reply,
Whiskey and Unionism
Fellow Workers; Do you ©very
stop to think of the destruction
that whiskey has handed down to
you ? Do you remember when
there was all tho whiskey you could
drink ? Do you remember thc
sights* that you could see on the
skid-road? Do you remember the
way the saloonkeepers would laugh
at you when the long stake men
would come to town and when you
were broke, he would come and
hand you a bottle and smile? Then
you would go back to camp and to
bad conditions, all for the cause of
whiskey. And then some nights
you would be sitting around in your
bunkhouse and tell what a fine fellow such and such a saloonkeeper
was; but still you did not stop to
think tbat thc saloonkeeper was
living in luxury and comfort and
you In bad conditions. .Then in tho
morning be told to roll out, perhnps
when it Is raining hnrd or snowing,
but you aro broke so there is nothing left for you to do but be on
the ball of your foot.
Now fellow-workers, what have
we got to do? Whnt does thc average logger look like In town today? I don't think that I am going
too far by saying that it Is vory
hard for a man to pick out a logger
from the business man. If we try
to get booze and unionism to work
together then wc are taking the
steam out of the boiler, becnuso
booze ffnd organization will not
work together. Further, I may
sny that If booze conies back and
there Is a strike or trouble in camp,
the boozeflghters will have to either
scab or accept filthy conditions,
thereby ignoring the one thing we
liavo got to get—things tit for n
human helng to live in, and that Is
tlie O. B. U. Take for Instance a
married man who lias a family.
The head of the family gets drunk
and blows his money in; then the
little kiddles have to accept poor
food and living conditions that the
father hands to them. Now,
fellow-workers, you know that
there are lota of bootleggers in
town and men who make a practice of robbing anyone that thoy
may find drunk or senseless with
hooze. These men lay around*towit
thc year round and do nothing
while you are out working in the
cold, rain, snow and sleet. Oet wise
and wake up, fellow-workers, nnd
see where the booze Is clouding
your mind. This Is the best system
that the capitalist class hae got.
Take, for Instance, when they want
men for the woods and labor Is
scarce or products arc high, and lie
wants you to get eut all you can,
then he will come around and ask
you If you want a drink, and then
approach you to go to work for
him, and may spend several dollars
on you, which he soon gets back,
and you may think he is a flne fellow. But still the old system goes
on, booze, boose, before good conditions. Now, fellow-workers', for
your own take get wise and leave
boose alone. Think of our conditions that are unfit for a white man
to live under. Let's flre up the old
boiler and have a full head of
steam. See about our working conditions and savo your hard-earned
money for a rainy day, for there
wtll have to be a change*. These
conditions will not exist forever.
Lamont Comes Back
In your issue of April 16, "Lumber and Camp Workckrs'" page,
and under the heading of "Correspondence," appears a letter signed by members of Orford Bay,
Camp No. 1. The author, or authors, of tho above mentioned piece
of rancour and rant have made a
great many statements which are
false, and without taking the
trouble to get the facts; or more
likely the motive for making such
statements is to create distrust
among the members of those persons who happen to be temporarily
responsible for the administration
of the affairs of the organization.
Referring to J. M. Clark and myself objecting to the actions of a
small section of the workers ln
Port Arthur in demanding.the recall of Coast organizers, we still
maintain that the stand we took at
that time was warranted by the
events and circumstances of that
time. The statement: "Send the
organizers back to the Coast where
they belong"—thanks for the Information that I belong to the Coast,
or that any part of the Coast belongs to me—"the world Is my
country;" "to organizo the workers is my religion." Seeing that my
interests as an Individual worker
is wrapped up in tho Interests of all
Workers, your humble servant tries
to avoid jumping at conclusions too
readily—we passed that stage some
time ago—but we will give you the
brutal truth regardless of whose
feelings or reputation it may injure.
The assertion that "G. A. Clarke
and Keane expended $800 on the
Eastern trip" is opposed to the
facts In this case. I wish-to state
for the edification of members of
Camp 1, Orford Bay, that the*total
expenditure was ln the neighborhood of $200, and was paid out of
the funds of the Eastern districts.
On account of the organizers not
having "control over weather conditions," the trip was not productive of very great results, as it was
undertaken in unusually stormy
weather, at ono time reaching the
proportions of a blizzard with a
sixty-mile gale. These storms come
on suddenly and unexpectedly,
much like the brainstorms some Individuals are afllllcted with. Your
remark, "Now since the counting
of the last referendum, we In the
districts can't road what literature
we want unless it find favor In the
eyes of 'our god,' the general executive board," that's fine! One
can hardly imagine what it would
be like to be a god, even for a short
time, but judging by the epithets
hurled at the members of G. E* B.,
you might get the Impression that
the executive was the very embodiment of all that Is devilish. You
ask the members If it seems right
to elect men to tell you what you
shall read, publish^ or circulate. My
reply is, that if it Is necessary or
right to hold conventions and draw
up, or amend the constitutions, then
It is the right and the privilege of
the membership to see to It that
there Is nothing put In tho constitution that will restrict you In your
choice of reading matter. This is
your funeral. Why was there only
3000 votes cast on the general referondum? Why were the workers
not more fully represented at the
lost convention? Why do somo persons publish and cause to be circulated statements which are not
true? Who ever told you to pay
the least attention to a district seoretary when it Is a question of
whether you should take action on
or off the job? Why did not the
general membership attend to their
business and elect the executive
board they wished to elect, Instead
of the present hoard, that some of
"our organizers" at €1 Cordova
Street and other places nre so fond
of branding "machine politicians,"
"pie-card artists," "vampires" and
"fleas of the lnhor movement."
Some of us who have been In the
organization since the day you
could count Its members less than
a score, could furnish you with the
answer,   I am quite sure that your
"officials" (flunkeys would be •
more suitable term) who, as you
claim, "put it all over us for their
own benefit, would be quito willing
to hand over their official positions,
with all the glorious benefits, immediately. Why your "so-called**
organisers (as lt pleased you to call
them) do not eome up the coast
and educate the workers on "job
tactics" is because we give the loggers on the coast credit for possessing a little Intelligence, and wo ar*
not anxious to pose as heroes, or
saviors of the working close. I will
not indulge In any patting of the
workers on the back, as this is the
function of the shysters and politicians of the labor movement, with
the object of catching votes.
Yours for education.
Conditions In the East
To Lumber Workers of the East.    .
Fellow-worken; Numerous letters have been published ln the
various newspapers, regarding the
conditions under whloh theh lumber worker of Eastern Canada exists. One letter In particular, that
was published in Jack Canuck,
Issue of April'17 last, over the signature of George Lawrence, late
42nd Battalion, bears special reference to the unbearable conditions
of these camps.
He gives a detailed account of
his experience and the treatment
meted out to him when he shipped
from Montreal to work at Camp 5
of the Bishop Lumber Company,
Nestorvllle, Ont.
I will quote a brief extract from
his letter, which reads throughout
as though it was the treatment such
as (we have been told) none but
"Huns" would accord to their prisoners of war. He saiys: "Sundays _
we spend trying to get clean, as this
camp was in a dirty, filthy condition, and swarming with lice. Imagine a hundred men all waiting for a
turn at one tin can wc had to boll
up our clothes, to try und keep the
lice down a little. On two consecutive Sundaya there was n'4 tin to
boll up In. On our making enquiries as to Its whereabouts, we were
told that the cook required It, and
was using it for cooking purposes.
The :ood supplied us left everything
to be desired besides having to put
up with a bully for a cook, who
tried to bully and scare men into
not making any complaints.
"If any man left the camp they
were paid at the rate of from. $40 to
$50 a month, and told they were
Jumping, and that was jumpers*
rates, Independent of what the
original contract called for. I have
seen fellows leave the camp and
start to walk back to the railroad,
a distance of 45 miles, without a
cent, and with barely sufflclent
clothing to keep warm, as what
clothing they had had been torn
and destroyed by work.
"Several returned soldiers were
compelled to leave, suffering from
the effects of the war (wounds,
etc.). They were told they were
not wanted as this was no place for
returned wrecks ironi France. The
above is justice, capitalistic justice.
However, the question arrived,
.'ihall wo continuo to exist under
such degrading and criminal conditions? Or, shall we make an attempt to live like human beings and
demand that conditions be mado so
that we can live healthy and
manly lives?"
You returned soldiers who did
your "bit" In France and who are
once more seeking thnt elusive and
at present degrading thing called
work, now that you have made the
world safe for* democracy, how do
you like your "tnters" done? If
you possess a tenth part of that
courage and tenacity that has been
accredited you, then show It and do
your "bit" on the Job and everywhere else where the parasitic
vampire of modern industry is
grinding aud exploiting not only
your brawn but your brain also.
Understand this, the greatest fight
that you will evor be engaged ln,
was not fought in France; lt was,
and still Is, being waged against the
most merciless foe that ever stalked
his pray, wage slavery. Bullets and
bayonets arc usoless but you can
combat it successfully by all getting
together, regardless of color, creed
or nationality.
The Lumber Workekrs' * Industrial Union of thc O, B. U. Is an organization that It is vitally essential the workers should Join. Without organization tho workers nre
powerless; thc slogan of this union
Is "on thc Job." Fighting the Germans will nover remedy the conditions of the lumber camps, so It Is
up to you to organize yourselves
an>l then educate yourselves to the
position that you occupy In modern
society; then and not until then
can yon live as humans and not as
animals. T. M.
$6 Camps M%_T Mills $5
Enforce the Laws!
i_;_i__^_x 'X3|§gfeiiA FEDER.'-Tioi'nsr    vancouveb. b. o.
FRIDAY . .April il, lOiO
iihed (very Friday' morning by Th, B. 0.
Fedorationist, Limited
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Unity of Labor:  The Hope of tbe World
.April !!3,  1S20
AFTER many months of trouble for
tho workers, during whicli time
men were tried for seditious conspiracy,
and sent to gaol, because they had taken
part in a strike which was on tlieir own
admission, started by the
WHY THE International unions of
HEROICS 'Winnipeg, Trades Con-
NOW? grcss officials have made
a move. During the trials
not a word was said by the officials of tke
Dominion Trades Congress, which would
intimate that it was a matter that concerned them. Any words that were said
were against the activities of the defense
committee, and no doubt carefully calculated to offset the efforts of that body.
Immediately the trials were over, and the
men safely lodged in gaol, then the wheels
of the Canadian adjunct of the American
Federation of Ijabor began to turn. The
first, step was the carefully planned withdrawal of some of the International unions from the Defense Committee, with
which were linked up certain references
to the part that Congress would now play,
in order to restore the labor movement in
this eountry before the law.
• * »
Immediately on the return of Tom
Moore, president of Congress, from the
Old Land, the chilly silence of the officials of the Gomperian wing of the labor
movement in this country was broken.
Thc utterances of Moore at that time, with
reference to the liberty of speech, etc., in
the Old Land we have already commented upon. To us they had a significance
that cannot be overlooked, when the attitude of 'the government towards tho Internationals during the past year is considered. His latest utterances, however,
are still more important, and worthy of
scrutiny. From press reports, we learn
that he has made an attack on the Defense
Committee, in which, in reply to a statement issued by the Defense Committee,
on which Wny International union representatives sat and in which it was charged that Congress had tried to retard the
work of tlie Defense Committee, he is repotted as saying:      ,
"The men who issued a statement
of that kind," he said, "aro simply
stating that they are willing to gamble with the comfort of the wives and
children of the convicted men, that
they are willing to gamble with the
men's liberty and that they are willing to gamble with the workers in
order that they might maintain the
prejudice created against the International labor movement."
• * 9
Such words ill become the head of Congress, an organization which has never
in any manner, shape or form, done anything that would have aided the defense
of the men now in gaol. An organization
which has watched the efforts of many of
its affiliated unions in the Winnipeg situation, and has on no single occasion, attempted to give any assistance to them in
their efforts to defend the men, some of
whom, while not having any use for the
Internationals, went into a strike called
by thoso organizations, and give the best
that was in thent for the benefit of the
inen who toil. Not only did Congress sit
idly by during the trials, but during the
strike the same apathy was shown, and
Minister of Labor Robertson was allowed
to wreak his wrath on those men without
protest. Yet at this late hour of the day,
when the men are in gaol, he has the nerve
to charge the Defense Committee with
gambling with their liberty. Let it also
be said, that it was directly due to the
fact that the Trades Congress of Canada,
had become subservient to thc jesuitically
eonl rolled American Federation of Labor,
and had degenerated into a machino controlled organization, that the western con-
fercme was held and the formation of the
0. B. U. proceeded with. We have strong
suspicions that not only has tlie liberty of
the men now in gaol been gambled with
by the Congress officials, but that the interests of the men they arc supposed to
represent have also been sacrificed in order that the interests of an official-ridden
and obsolete organization might be pre-
• * '   " •
We also have other suspicions. We are
suspicious of the solicitude of Congress
officers for the liberty of the men in gaol.
We are suspicious of the little incidents
that have occurred since sentence was delivered on thc men belonging to the Internationals and the 0. B. U. We are suspicious that the alliance between the
Trades Congress and the government is
iti 11 in existence, and will remain in existence so long as the International exists
alongside of the 0. B. U. movement in this
eountry. We are not free from suspicion
as to why this heroic attempt of Congress
to have the men freed is being made. Is
, it possible that it is feared that the appeal to the Privy Council will be successful, and that the way to have this appeal stopped will be to give the Congress
the credit that it no doubt desires, in
order to bolster up its waning power?
For, be it remembered, that at the last
convention of this organization, many locals sprung up over night in the province
of Quebec, and thoy were represented at
the convention, as it was feared the
Western element might make trouble and
remove some of the reactionaries, the expenses of these delegates in many cases
being paid by the International general
officers from the general funds, and whicli
are usually paid by the loeal unions. In
any case we are suspicfous of the deathbed repentance of the officials of a moribund organization. And if we know the
men in gaol, we think they would sooner
stay there than be released by any
methods that would not fit in with- their
ideas of working class honesty, and
which are not free from suspicion. There
have been International officials who have
stated that Judge Metcalfe's address to
the jury was fair. By making such statements they endorsed the imprisonment
of those men who committed no crime
against the working class. Their only
crime was that they were true to their
class interests. Thoso individuals should
remember that Judas Iscariot, although
it is near two thousand years since, is still
held up to scorn. Thc watchword of the
working class from this time on, must be,
"No compromise, cither with the ruling
class, or the betrayers of labor who aro
masquerading as labor representatives."
COR as many years as\we can remember,
**• overalls have been the garb of the
slaves of this continent. They have usually bcen dirty and grimy with toil, and
contact with the mill, mine and factory.
In no case can we
ANOTHER ever remember that
WORKING CLASS they gave an air of
LIBERTY GONE distinction, or added to the dignity of
those who wore them. In fact, to a student of human society, as at present constituted, they have become the symbolic
badge of the slaw. It has, until recent
years, been the custom of the wearers of
this insignia of human degradation to buy
new overalls for Labor Day, in which they
strutted to show their "strenp'h," and
also their glory in their slave / and the
particular brand of labor power that was
bound up in their hides and carcasses.
Now the cost of good clothes, which
these same slaves never saw except on
the backs of their masters, or in store windows, has risen. This has raised the ire
of many of the hangers on to the ruling
class. They are indignant at the ever-increasing cost of the necessities of life, and
particularly at thc cost of clothes such as
they have been accustomed to wear, and
to show their disapproval of this increase
in the cost of clothes and other things,
which is largely due to thc manipulations
of the rilling class with respect to the
currency, they are invading another long
cherished privilege and liberty of the
working class. They have decided to don
overalls. Judges and all kinds of people,
who arc entrusted with the enforcement
of capitalistic decrees in the United States^
have donned the lowly garb of the enslaved of that country. Canada, as usual,
is following the example of the land of
the free to the south of us. Clubs of that
section of the community which has bcen
looked upon as being middle class, have
been formed to further the campaign of
overalls as a protest against the high cost
of good clothes. Now, supply and demand
has something to do with the price of
articles offered for sale. In the event of
there being a>rush on this form of clothing
it is possible that the position of the workers may become even worse than it is at
present, and the slaves may not, with their
meagre wages, be able to secure overalls
with which to cover their nakedness. We
tremble to think of the result of this. For
the workers will be either forced to secure a higher monetary wage in order to
meet this increased cost of living, or go
to work with nothing but a smile to cover
thcir miserable forms. Or if the fashions
change, and wages should, by any mischance be raised, in order that the workers can purchase the time-honored garb
of the workers of this continent, with the
frillings that the middle class demand, we
nugr yet sec our women workers going
down to the city to work, clothed in overalls, such as have been worn in New York
recently, with silk frills, and many other
added attractions. In view of the fact that
a new order has been established in Russia, wc have wondered if the real reason
for this raid on working-class liberties and
privileges by the bourgeoisie, is really an
attempt to reduce the eost of living, or is
it an effort to accustom themselves to the
garb whicli, instead of being the insignia
of slavery in Russia, is thc garb of respectability, and shows that the wearer is
at least a useful member of society. In
any case the bourgeoisie of the world
would he well employed in getting into
shape for the day when they must live
by the sweat of their own faces, for from
all appearances, the overall, or garb of the
worker, will in tlie near future, as it has
in Russia, become the world over thc only
thing that will denote that the wearer is
a decent human being, and fit to associate
with respectable people. In the meantime
no doubt the workers will resent this intrusion into their time-honored right to
exclusive membership in the overall club.
SINCE the close of the Winnipeg trials,
the officials of the International unions in this country have bcen showing
tlieir hands. Edmonton, Winnipeg, Moose
Jaw, and coast cities have all witnessed
the treachery of official-
TREACHERY dom in the International
IS AT craft organizations. Al-
WORK derman Heaps of Win
nipeg, the one accused
who was acquitted in the conspiracy trials,
has been visiting the industrial centres
in the west. The Edmonton trades council could not take part in the protest
meeting that was held in that city, which
Heaps addressed, because hey did not have
a regular meeting prior to the protest
nieeting being held, according to'thc officials of that body. In Moose Jaw the reason given by the officials of tlie council as
to the non-participation of that body in
a similar meeting held there, was because
the communication went to one, W. McAllister. He, however, showed the letter
to the officials of the central body, but that
did not affect the situation.
*    .     * *
As a result of the attiude assumed by
the iloioe Taw Trades Council's officjilli,
strong disapproval was expressed at'^lie
protest meeting at which Heaps spoke, 'aiid
it was suggested that thc Trades Council
be boycotted. Another result was a strong
editorial in thc Moose Jaw Daily News
Jauding the attitude taken by the central
body. This paper also published an account of the protest meeting, needless to
say thc editorial comment on the remarks
made by Aldcnman Heaps, did not exactly fit with the report given in the news
columns. This, however, was only what
could he expected. The feature of this
incident, was the eulogizing of the central
labor council by the press. This, in itself,
is sufficient to condemn the actions of the
officials of that body, as it was not until
the 0. B. U. was formed tlmt the Internationals became popular, and there was uot
a single newspaper.in lhe country that
was not saying about the Internationals
just what they are now saying about the
new organization. Praise of a labor organization by the capitalist press, should at
all times appear to the irt>rkers as condemnation, and a sure proof that the organization eulogized, is not acting in the
interests of tho workers.
• » •
We do not worry very much ahout the
attitude assumed by the press towards the
Winnipeg trials, and the men who were
sent to gaol as a result. But we aro mightily concerned with the activities of thoso
officials in the International trades,union
movement, who, by their actions and
words, have placed in the hands of the
ruling class a weapon with which the victims of an. International union strike are
being reviled. It also becomes our duty to
point out to the workers that if the law
as interpreted by Mr. Justice Metcalfe,
stands, that no union, either International,
or 0. B. U.j can function in a striko without its officers becoming liable to the same
fate, or justice, call it what you will, that
was thp lot of the men recently found
guilty of seditious conspiracy, because of
the faot that they took part in a sympathetic strike. Every knock that these
traitorous International officials make
against the defense of the convicted men,
is a blow at the organizations that they
themselves belong to. They arc fastening
thc Metcalfe type of law onto the people
of this country.
Treachery in the ranks of the working
class in these days is rampant. It will be
so long as the workers arc /willing tp allow meu who mouth ruling-class platitudes to act on their behalf. The rulitig
class was ever willing to disrupt any
working-class movement by the manipulation of its chosen officials. Np man can
serve two masters, and any working class
representative that is acceptable to'the
ruling class must of necessity be acjiiig
contrary to the interests of thc workers.
We are not of the opinion that the rank
and file are behind the activities of those
officials who are acting contrary to.!,'t$e
interests of the working elass movement
of this country. These individuals get
away with it because of the apathy of the
rank and file. They speak on behalf of the
sons of toil because the workers arc too
lazy, or mentally stagnant, to do it for
themselves. Just, however, so soon as the
workers wake up, these labor fakirs, and
betrayers, will get their deserts. Their
names will be mud, and they will cease
to be eulogized ii\ the capitalistic press,
because they will no longer bc of service
to the master elass. And the workers, being wise to them, will see to it that they
do not speak in their behalf.
From reports received from Blairmore
we learn that, the miners' meetings are
under surveillance, and that members of
thc mounted police attend all meetings.
And the war was fought to kill Prussianism,   Ye gods!
Lord Rothmere fears a financial crash
in Europe. 'He states that western civilization is far more rickety than it was a
year ago. We hate to say it, but we told
you that this would be the case last year,
and while not pretending to have prophetic vision, wc will go further and say
that it will be still more rickety a year
from now.
We accept Mackenzie King's apologies
for not having served overseas. No doubt
many returned men. will feel very keenly
his difficult position, especially those who
have found it hard to get a job on their
return. It would bc a gracious act if tho
leader of the opposition turned over his
job to ono of them.
' From press reports, we learn that J.
II. Hawthornthwaite, M.L.A., in a debate
in the House ou prohibition, made a statement, to thc effect that Canada waf /i
eountry where a man has a right lo govern
his life according to his own ideas. Such
a 'statement coming from the premier,' or
any other member of the cabinet, w:tfiild
not have caused any thought, but coming
as it docs from one who describes himself
as a Socialist, it gives rise to a wonder if
the member for Newcastle has been htbbr-
nating during the last few months, .^today there are a number of men, who*lie-
cause of their views, are in gaol. These
men realized-that they could not live'1 according to tlieir ideas, and they copsS-
quently voiced their opposition to the system that restricted their personal liberty,
in the way in which they lived. Being
slaves, they realized that they had no
choice as to the manner in whicli they
should direct their lives, and not being
gifted with divine powers, realized they
could not change things until the workers
were made aware of the position they
held, or capitalism broke down and a new
order instituted. As a result of thcir activities, they aro now the guests of His
Majesty in thc provincial gaol in Manitoba. Should thc liieiiibor for Newcastle
desire further informal ion as to whether
the people can live according to their
views, wc would refer him to R. B. Russell of Stony Mountain, or to Pritichard
and his comrades in the provincial gaol,
Winnipeg, Manitoba.
ments bave been recalled ln haste
due to their defection to the Red
Women Beaten andr Jailed
for Their Humanitarian
Activities —
The class struggle tears the mask
of hypocrisy from those who have
been loudest in denonncfnK the
modern woman's movement because it would, they said, destroy
Doubtless tlie gentlemen who are
directing tho vicious attack boing
made upon the working class
Amorica, which has resulted In
thousands boing sent to Jail and
prison for their opinions, would
flume with indignation if accusod
of lack of that lino old ohivalry
which recognizes the deference due
to womanhood.
But a glance at America In these
days of White Terror dispels tho
Women In the labor movement
are sent to jail with as little mercy
as Is meted out to men. Mrs. Anita
Whitney, just sentenced to a California prison to serve from one to
fourteen years because she believed
in the principles of the Communist
Labor Party.
Dr. Equl of Portland, Oregon, Is
serving a three-year sentence because she advocated the" doctrines
of the Prince of Peace.
Mollie Stelmer, a youthful Idealist, burning with a fierce ardor to
right the wrongs of the workers
gets fifteen years ln a federal penitentiary.
Flora Foreman, serving five years
in Canyon City penitentiary when
tuberculosis threatens to en4 her
term so touches the stony hearts of
her Jailors that her sentence Is reduced to two years. She was a
school teacher and was accused of
Louise OHvereau In the same
prison, is serving fifteen years because she did not believe in war.
Kate Richards O'Hare has a five-
year sentence to serve before she
can rejoin her children and continue her Ufe work of carrying the
message of Socialism to the people.
Lotta Burke, secretary of the Socialist Party of Ohio must serve
three years, while tyfarlon Sproule
of. Massachusetts and Margaret
Prevey of Ohio are soon to taste
this capitalist chivalry in its class-
prejudiced courts and will doubtless receive as little consideration.
And these are but tho mild-
mannered methods of the courts of
law where gentlemen of the old
school may be found presiding.
The foul murder of Fannie Sel-
line by Steel Trust thugs and the
shooting of Mrs. Hantals with her
six-months' old babe in arms might
be offered as testimon} to the sacredness of womanhood in the
American concept of culture that is
suggested as a substitute for the
barbarism of tho "Hun."
' Virginia preachers who have been
so tremendously agitated over the
salo of ice crca m sodas on Sunday,
wcro not heard to raise a single
note of protest when the Virginia
house of delegates put forth a bill
which permitted the employment of
ten-year-ojd babies in the canneries
of the state.
Six Regiments Recalled
Because of Sympathy
With Red Army
London—The Hara cabinet of
Japan la shaking under the impact
of social revolts at home, and growing Bolshevik sympathy of troops
occupying Siberia, according to a
message from Pekin. The Pekin
Leader, says the despatch, has published a summary of some sensational official telegrams received in
code from Japan..
Corroborating the unofficial reports received in Pekin that a series of disturbances has followed the
refusal o£ the government to grant
universal suffrage, the despatches
add that soldiers have been involved In the outbreaks.
That is taken in Pekin to mean
that the Japanese regiments recently returned from Siberia have
been activo in stirring up revolts
against the government.   Six regi-
Austvalian Labor Party
Proposes to Tax Unearned Increment
It is ona of the misfortunes in
Australia that wealthy land monopolists have been abet to secure land
nettr tbe railways which increase*
in value year by year, and hold
same without cultivating It, waiting for the land hunger that
eventually forces farmers to buy in
the land from them at prohibitive
prices. The Australian Labor
Party has outlined a -policy by
vlhich this specimen of humanity
will be effectively dealt with.
It, intends, when it secures control of the legislature of that country, to pass an act of Parliament
calling upon all land owners within ten miles of any railway to put
same to the best production possible. ATI land owners failing to
comply with the act will be called
upon to pay compensation for the
country's loss of production by such
land being withheld, hy the imposition of a huge super-tax. In cases
where they still persist in holding
the land idle, the government will
have power to resume same com-
pulsorily at a valuation to be fixed
and sell same to the small farmers
willing to turn it to good use.
Of course the soheme is being attacked bitterly by the land monopolists and their political friends, but
it is in general accord with the
wishes of the people of the state
generally who see in this proposal
a scheme to lighten the burden of
taxation on the mass of the workers
of the country, and since it will attract population, it will necessarily
spread the burden of the country's
national debt upon a greater number of shoulders,
H. M. Nugent & Co.
Tents and Awnings. Carpenters' Aprons and Overalls, Pants
and extra clotliing, Longshoremen's Hooks, etc. Estimates
given on  all  canvas work,
Vancouver, B. 0.
Phone Sey. 4641 .
DOCTOR wanted to 1111 position nt
Mountain Park, Alta,, on June
1, 1920, as our doctor is leaving
All communications   to   be   addressed    to    Recording   Secretnry,
P.   O.   Box   39,   Mountain   Park,
Returned medical man preferred.
New Points furnished.    Wringers re-
pairod;   new   rollers  put   oa.    Bring
jour work in.
See these suits—they are dandies, Come in a
number oi neat patterns. All sizes. AU
colors.   *
J.N. Harvey
123-125-127 Hastings St
AUo 614-616 Tatw street, Victoria
Skilled attention, high-grade
material, perfection in fitting,
are features of our dental plate
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dental Nurie |n Attendance.
Open llvenlDRi, 7ti\0 to H.30.
Granville Street
Corner Hobmn Btreet
Over Owl Drag Stor*
Phone Sermonr 5-_3
Our Selling System
Quality in.Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value. .
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Opposite the Orpheum
Matinee 2,80
Evenings 8.20
In "The Luck of a Totem"
Other Big Features
 Phon. Beymour 2402
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Room 13"
'Hie Hlglicst Priced Royalty
Play We. Have Presented
Her Greatest Acting Put
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for Canadian Lads
Blag np Pkone Seymonr UM tot
Dh W. J. Curry
■nits soi Dominion Baildlaf
Spring Is here, ond with It the
desire to spruce up.
Our   display   of   20th   Century
Brand Clothing for young men ll ..
the talk of tho city. V
y       j
Clubb & Stewart:
309 Hastings St. W.
Bank of Toronto
Assets ovei $100,000,000
Deposits .„    79,000,000
Joint Savings Aeooant
ANOINT Stvlnge Account mty In
opened tt Tut Btnk of Toronto
In tht nttnt of two or moro
ptnont. In thete tooouull either
ptrtjr mty sign obeques or depoelt
money. For tht different memben
of t ftmtjy or a firm t joint tecount
It often t grett convenience. Inttrtll
It ptid on btltncet.
Vtneonver Brtneh:
Oorner Hutlngi ini Oimblt Struts
Brtnehet tt!
Vlctorit;   Menltt. m» Wtitmlutu
SSS Abbott Street
Central Men's Brotherhood
Its Prevention and Care
Soloist:     MISS PRATT
Musical Recital: 2:30
Everybody Welcome
UN Otorgtt Itmt
Snndty services, 11 t.m. tnd 7.80 pje.
Sundty ichool itumediltely followiac
morning service. Wednesday tettlmonitl
meoting, 0 p.m. Fnt ntdlng room,
»01»OS   Blrkt   Bldg.
Union OBeltli, write for prim.   Wt
Follow tkt Crowd tt tkt
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One block etit of Empreii Thettn
81HTH, B. LOVE tnd tht BU
Inttrpnt tkt uttlt long kill, if
ilittd by Tkt Broolt Jut bud
Unite, S p.m. tt 1
The Art in Telephoning
In answering the telephone wa
should never forget thftt the penon
who called anticipates an annimnee*
ment as to whom is making the reply.
Particularly ii this the ease in but
ness—announce yonr firm and yow
name, and the introduction is com*
plete without any roundabout qies*
It is a courtesy every one engage!
in business can extend, a courtesy that
is always appreciated.
Save Coupons for Premiums. /BIDAY..... April SI, 1(20
A Few of Our Specials in
For One Week Commencing' Friday, April 23rd
H. P. Sauce, per bottle... 27c
Reindeer Milk, par tin ...lOo
Rogers' Syrup, 5-lb. tin . .650
Finest Nabob, Malkin's,  and
Empress    Extracts:    a 11
flavors—2-03.   bottlo,   17c;
4-ol bottle, 32c; S-oz. bottle .,. eoc
Quaker Pork and  Beans,  ln
tomato sauce; 20-oz.tin lac
Crisco—8-lb. tin ..■ $1.05
1-lb. tin 35o
Finest Japan Rice, lb.. .11 He
Old Dutch Cleanser, tin... 8e
Colman's Mustard, V. 'a . .Hflo
We 50a
Black Pepper, %'e 28c
"White Pepper, %'e ......SOo
White Swan Soap, box ,. SOo
White Swan Washing Powder SOo
Ivory Soap, per bar io
Hlrondelll's Macaroni . .-.130
HirondeUi's Spaghetti ...13e
Hlrondelll's Ready-Cut . .130
Ramsay's Macaroni .... .9%o
Lipton's  Jelly  Powders,   all
flavors  lOHo
Cottage Peanut Butter ..S»o
Nabob Icing Sugar, pkt. .17o
Paelfle Milk, per tin . M%e
Helns Olive Oil, bottle ..SSo
Quaker   Pork   and   Beans,
small, per tin   8c
Woodward's Better Tea, per
lb .(llo
Woodward's    Extra    Choice
Tea, per lb 51c
Woodward's Choice Tea,  per
lb Mo
Meats and Produce
Prime Steer Beof—Ribs, per
lb., 85c; Rump Roast, 35c;
Oven   Roast,   25c;    Plate
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Dairy   Fed   Pork—Shoulder
Roast,   35c[   Loins,   45c;
Legs, per lb.  40c
New   Zealand   Laml*—Legs,
40c; Loins,   40c;   Stewing,
25c; Shoulder ., 30c
Pork Sausage, per lb. ...35c
Beef Sausage, per lb 200
Smoked Meats—
Swift's Premium Bacon, per
lb. tt3o
Premium Backs, lb 38a
Boneless Cottage  Rolls,   per
lb 44o
Picnic Ham% small size, per
lb 31o
Streaky Side Bacon, lb...54c
Creuinery Butter-
Alberta Government Specials,
guaranteed, 3 lbs, .. .$2.25
Alberta Creamery No, 1, per
lb 72o
Swift's Brookfleld Creamery, •
per lb 77o
Choice Dairy Butter, lb...58c
Ontario Premier Cheese mild,
per lb 36c
MacLaren's   Cream   Cheese,
per lb 15c
Premium, per lb., 44c; Nueoa,
per lb., 40c; Troco, lb., 38c
Lard —Swiff s    Silver   Leaf
Lard, ptr lb.  34o
British People Welcome
Editor of Labor Paper
With Red Flags
History of the Winnipeg: General Strike   f
May and June, 1919
owing the true facts and all tke details. A book that ahould
be in every home. Ovfr SOO pages ot the most interesting reading ever published. Send your orders to James Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, ther* is danger in delay, the beat
time Is today.   DO IT NOW.
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"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the 0. B, U. and all progressive
Labor policies,
Send along yonr iub»cription to "The Searcluight,"
P. 0. Box 1608, Oalgary, Alberta
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Weit Indie*.
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Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branchei in Vaneourer:
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Center Main and Hastingi Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Bobson Street,.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Welt.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets,
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Oorner OranviUe ud Seventh Avenue West
ION Commorcial Drive,
Comer Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Tow Street.
Comer Eighth Avenne and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Xingsway Braneh and 25th Avenue Branch.
Alio—North Vancouver, Now Westminster and 29 otker
points in British Columbia.
One dollar open, an account on which Interest is paid half-yearly
at current rates.
Manager Vancouver Branch
O. W. FBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B. O.
Says   Russian   Children
Are Best Cared for
in the World
[By J. Kavanagh] -
Imagine the Arena filled to overflowing, and with more than 20,000
people on the outside who oould
not get In, Picture, if you can, the
entire audience standing whilst
they sang the "Bed Flag" from beginning to ond. An audience whloh
broke into tumultuous applause at
the mention of Lenin and Trotsky-^
which applauded vociferously every
denunciation of the present British government and Its actions, and
which, on the adjournment of the
meeting marched down the streets
in groups of from 50 to 200, singing the "International" and the
"Red Flag."
Woro Red Rosettes
Picture all this and you will have
a concept of the meeting held in
the Albert HaU, London, to hear
George Lansbury's account of
Russia as he found it. Red rosettes
and ribbon were in evidence all
over the large hall. Red flags were
being waved here and there, and
one was impelled to wish that behind alt the enthusaism lay the
knowledge that would make for
power. Lansbury received an ova
tlon such as I have never before
witnessed, and there can ba
question of the affection felt for
him by thousands of people in and
around London. To^ Mann was
the chairman of the meeting, and
he was also scheduled to close the
Comrades Kenworthy, R. N, M.
P.—not R. N. W. M. P.—and Jean
Louguet were also present, and ad
dressed the meeting.
Gerald Gould, ln opening the
meeting, said in part: Lansbury
has received many welcomes, but
none greater than this. When he
comes to give us news from Soviet
Russia. We are pleased that he has
been the first ambassador from the
people of this country to the Socialist Republic of Russia. Lansbury sees straight because he sees
red—not the red of bloodshed and
violence—but the red dawn of the
social revolution.
The Herald stands for revolution
—tho system which perpetuates
the lying, the robbery, the prostitution, the crushing out of human
life as does capitalism has got to
be swept away.
He was followed by the business
manager of the Dally Herald, who
said amongst other things: "Tho
greut war is over, but we are still
in the midst of war. We don't
want an army, but If thei$ must
be one, let it be- a workers aruy—
a "red army." ■    /
Lansbury Speaks
When Lansbury rose to speak,
the applause was deafening. It Is
impossible to do more than give
sketches of what he said. Referring to hla manner of getting into
Russia, he said: When I reached
Finland, I asked permission to
cross the frontier into Ksthonla,
and this was given me. The soldiers over there were not dressed
in uny definite garb. Brigadier-
gcnerals, commandants and officers
were dressed the same os the privates, and you couldn't tell one
from the othor. Thoy bore themselves like men, and looked you
straight lu the eye.
My first meal in Russia was an
example of the meals served alike
to generals, privates and visitors.
It consisted only of tea and black
bread. From the top to the bottom they were all sharing equally
what they had.
Responsible for Blockade
We In England are responsible
for that outrageous blockade. People speak of the horrors of Bolshevism, but what about the horrors
perpetrated by thc groat Christian
powers of Europe, which shut off
Bolshevik Rusaia from all medical
supplies, from all Red Cross aid,
so that human beings have to submit to having their limbs amputated and their eyes taken out, without anaesthetics? Maxim Gorky Is
Writing the prefaces to a book on
the horrors of tho White Terror,
which will shake the world.
Did Moro Than Kxpct-lcd
I don't say that all those who
have spoken of Bolshevik atrocities
have lied. Thero has undoubtedly
been atrocities committed by individuals on both sides. But no one
has done more than the Central
government of Soviet Russia, and
its extraordinary commission to
put down terrorism and prevent
murder. It has done more than
could be expected of any other
government in similar circum
stances. We see before our eyes
what Is happening tn Ireland, con
talntng three millions of people, ln
the reign of terror under our army
of occupation. How much more
dangerous then, was tha situation
in a country of ont hundred and
sixty millions.
Berlin Rising
The rising in Berlin has beon definitely engineered by people tn this
country and on the continent, who
nre anxious to see restored Kaiserism in Germany and Czarism in
When the reactionaries appeared
to be in the ascendancy last week,
the English press declared there
must be no Interference, but now
that the workers aro coming on top
we have Lord Kilmarnock dlctat
lug that no food will be allowed to
go Into Germany until there Is a
constitutional and ordered govern
My friends, are you going to nl
low tlm British govornment to do
the same to Germany as it has
done to Russia?
The Bolshevists in Russia do not
ask us to help  them,    They can
help themselves, but they do ask to
be left alone by other countries.    !
The British government claims
to be fearful ot Bolshevik propaganda, yet they have spent millions of pounds in sending Red
Cross nurses and officers aiyl others
into Russia in order to propagate
hatred>of the Soviet system.   They
have   not  succeeded.      The   only
thing to which I objected was in
Moscow, where they have placed
inscription on the outside  of
Kremlin as follows: "Religion
is the opium of the people."
16,000 Churches
A priest told there are at, least
16,000 churches In Russia. There
is perfect freedom for religious
people to carry on their propaganda. I said to him: "If your 16,000
chtircheB and all your priests cannot combat that statement, I do not
think much of your religion,"
And the children—nowhere in
the world are children cared for
as in Russia. I never saw milk
unless It was being given to children. I never saw butter or eggs,
except when the children were getting them, and then I remembered
the Blums of London and children
who starved that dividends and
profits might be made.
In Russia the only right the people have not got ts the right to exploit their fellow man.
Lenin Remarkable Man
But you -want to hear about
Lenin. (The meeting broke into
prolonged applause.) He Is a remarkable man. He looks you
straight In the eye, and compels Instant confidence, He gave me this
message: "You believe'in Christianity and think that you will have
a peaceful revolution. I don't agree
wtth you, but tf so, no one will
welcome it more than we here In
Russia. I hope you are right.
Bloodshed is bad for every one.
Yet you wtll flnd that the capitalists of England will flght you to
the death, even before they will
consent to nationalize the mines."
The Bolsheviks are strong on
education. Lenin issued a statement saying: "To get more, we
must produce more. To produce
more, we must learn more, therefore education, education, education.
As a result of this policy, the
literates In the Red Army has increased from 16 to 66 per cent.
Lenin's last words were: "Do
not let.yourselves bs led Into premature upheavals."
Allies to Blame
Commander Kenworthy, M. P.;
said the reactionary movement In
Germany had been engineered by
interests in France and Great Britain, in the expectation of again
putting the junker element in
power, the Idea being to again
raise an army against Russia, In
Hungary the whites were executing every one who had boen connected with the Communist administration, even to those who had
been clerks In the offices. This
government (the Whites) was put
tn power by the aid of Great Britain, and what are we doing to
stop their wholesale buchery?
Again, the Idea ts to get a White
army for use against Russia, And
what of the terrorism in Ireland?
It was time the people of England
took cognizance of what was going
Tom Mann Aggressive
Tom Mann was In his usual aggressive mood. "You have heard
about the Russian situation," he
said. "You have heard of the atrocities Ifl Hungary and in Ireland,
and what are you going to do about
it? Leave it to your trade union
leaders in the House? They will
say they will bring the question up,
if they can catch the speaker's eye.
Damn the speaker's eye and the
whoie parliamentary machinery,
One thing you havo to \hank Lenin
and Trotsky for (prolonged applause) they showed the futility of
the workers exporting anything
from parliaments. They are alright
for propaganda purposes, but when
you come to the things that matter, you have got to form workers
councils In order, to control the industries. To the scrapheap with all
their parliamentary Junk. Direct
aotidn is 'the only way we will get
next to the things that matter. We
will give three cheers for the Social
Revolution and close by singing the
"Red Flag."
It would have been an education
lo some citizens committees, and
judges I could mention, to have
attended that meeting. No! No
one hus yet been arrested for seditions conspiracy. The people over
here do not seem to know what
that means, but t have no doubt
thut by the time they Import a few
Ideas from Canada, they will be-
tuiiia educated on that point.
Workers in Fijian Cornfields Are Slaves to the
Sugar Trust
Terrible Conditions Exist
in Territory Captured
From Germans
[By W. Francis Ahern]
It has been said that in freeing
the slaves of her Dominions, England did not pay as heavy a oost as
did the United States. But If the
slaves in the Dominions of the British Empire were freed at a cheap
er cost, efforts are being made to
recoup that oost by introducing
slavery yet again ln some oil the
far-flung outposts of the.Empire.
We have the horrifying spectacle
of 40,000 coolie slaves ln Fiji, the
majority of whom live under de>
grading conditions, and now comes
the word that the government of
New' Zealand has affirmed the desirability of indentured labor for
Samoa, which possession was cap
tured from the German Empire for
the express purpose-^etated, at
(east—of not only freeing the natives there, but giving them "self-
determination" in the bargain
Plainly, we are getting back to the
days when Britain boasted of her
suicides were frequent. To make
matters worfee, the Fijian government refused to recognize the religious marriage ceremony of the Indians. And, as the report of the
Fijian medical officer, published itt
1916, states, "when one indentured
woman has to serve three indentured men, as well as various out-,
slders, the results as regards syph-
ills and gonorrhea cannot be in
doubt." \
Under the ordlnancMof the In-
dian government, called the Indian
Immigration Ordinance, every Indian woman In FIJI was declared
to be the vassal of four men, being
regarded as common property. Depravity was, in consequence, rampant, marriage laws wero un-
thought of, and If a man's wife
came from India to him in Fiji, he
waB officially notified that she was
common property. The "nationalization of women" in Russia would
have been but a circumstance, if
It were true, to what happened" in
FIJI. As a consequence, crime and
disease Increased at an alarming
rate. Among the Indentured Indians the suicide rate was twenty
times as great as that of India;
the murder rate was eighty times
as high. And the percentage im\y
have been even higher, becauso
crime was often hushed up, since
the employer lost the service of the
Indentured, alaye W?F9 \l0 OMYiOttf
of crime.
Working under the task system
from dawn until dark, at wages of
24 cents for men and 11 cents for
women per day, out of which rice
at 6 cents per pound and clothing
has to be purchased, Is it any wonder that the Indians laugh at our
Christianity, and even though they
openly salute the British flag, spit
venomously on the grornd the moment the back of the Britisher Is
turned. They say that the conditions they work under are "Narek"
—meaning "hell." And who will
disagree with them?
Arc Busy Forming One Big Union
nf Their Own
• At the annual conference of Rail?
way and Tramway workers in AustraUa, held in Sydney during the
second week of February lust, at
tentton wus given to the draft con*
stltutfon of the proposed One Big
Union move, ns alrendy announced
in these columns. II wus resolved
that the conferenco affirm tho con
stltutlon of the one big unton of
ruilway workers in Australia, and
that committes get to work
dealing with tlie machinery of the
new union.
Hitherto the railway and tram
wfty workers, who are employers
of the various State Governments
(the railway and tramways being
State-owned) have been organized
into state unions, but the new move
is to link up all the men of the
various states into one big union
fnr all Australian railway ahd
tramway workers, The union starts
business under favorable condl
tions, as there Is a starting mem
bership of 50,000 at least.
Of course, the New Zealand government wtll take exception to the
statement that they are acquiescing
in the worst form of slavery, in
admitting of the system of indentured labor for Samoa. Indeed,
tho premier of New Zealand has
already said: "Indentured labor
may be slavery under some flags,
but It is never slavery In a British
country," No slree! Well, we have
only to read the tragic history of
Indian labor ln Fiji to see whether
It is or not. In that oountry the
Fijian Christians are dying off, and
the Indian coolies are flooding the
islands, and the time Is surely com
ing when Fiji will once more be
tho land of tho heathen.
Years ago, when the Sugar
'Trusts went to Fiji, it sought to
| get Fijian labor to work its mills.
But the Fijian was well off on his
Llittle plot of land, wanted for no-
[.thing, and refused to do so. But
the Sugar Trust wasn't to be beaten in that fashion. It cast its eye
[round for cheap slaves, got influential friends at work, and as a
result, some 40,000 coolies from
\ India—bond slaves, who were
'herded in compounds for five years.
At lirst women were not Imported
Into Fiji, but the condition of affairs became so unspeakably vile,
and bestiality run riot In such a
fashion, that women were brought
out in the proportion of one woman to every four men. What this
means has been told In the American press by the writer before this
date. With every woman sent out
becoming the sex slave to four men
the most degrading sights on earth
followed, as can well be imagined.
It would be a long story to tell
the history of Indentured Labor In
Fiji, but in hrlet. it was one long
parellel of brutal punishment to
the men, floggings to women and
even children by their white over-,
lords, and though tho whole world
has been shocked by the Belgian
atrocities In the Congo, those of
thc sugar plantations of Fiji are
a worthy parallel.
And the reason for all this? It
is tlie old story—the making of
wealth for a few at the expense of
the suffering of the many. Dark-
oolored Labor provided and allowed for excellent dividends, and
that the sugar kings of Fiji are
Wealthy today Is due to the infamous system of slavery that has been
allowed to exist there under the
British flag.
■ In the flrst place the Inllaiis aro
induced to go to Fiji mainly by
fniud stories by recruiting agents.
In 80 per 6ent. of the eases of indentured Indians, some deceit waa
practised. The agent*, were paid
up to 45 rupees for every man, and
up to 55 rupees for every woman
recruited in India for Fiji, recalling
the worst features of the old slave
system. Moreover, there was ofton
collusion between Indian police
and ihe recruiting agents—the policemen receiving his due reward
in commissions. The agreement
signed by the coolies in India ft/as
more often than not found to be
misleading. The cost of living, for
Instnnce, was very different In Fiji
to what It was in India. The Indian wuk told that he would be
paid a minimum rate of 12 annas
(about 24 cents) per day, but lie
Was nover told that tht) purchasing
power (»f ta annas In FIJI was only
.equul io that of fi in India. Nor
wus ho told thai he would need
tnore clothing lu Fiji, incidentally
\ht* minimum wage for Indentured
fcjaolies tn FIJI romalned stationary
for over 30 yeiirn, during which
time tho wage of unskilled free labor in India went up In some cases
bj' 200 per cent.
'Under tlie indenture system In
Fiji, speeding up was practised.
One overseer was pitied agalnBt
another to get his area of work
completed at slightly less cost,
Ekch reduction became the starting point for another, until the
yery last ounce of energy was taken out of the unfortunate coolie.
''the women recruited In India
were never told of the moral conditions in Fiji. On the way out,
vice, misery and immorality were
rampant on the Immigrant ships,
and so shocking were the conditions In FIJI that desertions and
Aid. Heaps at Moose Jaw
Editor B.. C. Federatlonist: Enclosed I am sending you a clipping
from the Moose Jaw Dally News
of April. 10, and also an editorial
clipping taken from the same sheet
of April 12 issue, concerning a
mass meeting of the workers, held
In the Moose Jaw Trades and Labor hall, on Friday, April 9, addressed by Alderman Heaps of
His addresa was.simply a statement of facts regarding the Winnipeg trial, and a general synopsis
of conditions prior to and during
that time. A large body of the
workera are naturally smarting un-
under this malevolent editorial attack with no local means of retaliation. Here are the conditions
in Moose Jaw: The Trades and Labor executive, with a few exceptions, are to put it mildly, very
conservative; in fact, one could use
the appellation "political degenerates" . without adequately doing
them justice, and are only theoretically representative of labor for
reasons which I will later show,
The B. C. Federatlonist represents
the ideas of _ large majority of
the workers.
At the Trades and Labor meeting, held recently, a Mr. Wright,
of Machinists Lodge ^22 of Winnipeg, and James Summervllle, of
Moose Jaw, spoke strongly against
the local taking action In protest
for the strike leaders and were Instrumental fn a motion being carried that the local do not send
protest resolution, as the accused
had a fair judge and jury trial.
Now, the fact of the news of the
coming of Alderman Heaps to
Moose Jaw being addressed by letter to Wm. McAlister, a prominent
Labor man, and president of Moose
Jaw G. W. V. .A. branch, was used
by the Trades and Labor executive
as an excuse in repudiation of the
The same tactics were used by
President Watson last summer in
connection with the coming of Mr.
Woodsworth and his attitude at
that time was directly responsible
for his defeat at the local civic
elections, although he was supposed to represent Labor as alderman
for two previous terms. The same
wan tho case with W. E. Stevenson, TflTdcs and Lubor Council secretary, who aspired to civic honors.
Now, with reference to tills edi
torlal. The statement that the au
dience dwindled Is a He. The hall
wus crowded with not enough space
to accommodate the Mill Workers
coming from their meeting in an
adjoining halt. Thc opposite is thc
case, ahd when wc take into con
slderatlon the obscure corner In
which this sume "newspaper" Inserted our tittle nd. telling the
workers about the meeting, we re-
alize'how eloquently Its attendance
speaks their feelings. The Federatlonist luis been excluded from the
llbrarys here, and thero has been
talk of an agitation for a local Labor paper, and at a meeting of the
Parking House workers, with the
Idrgost Individual membership fn
town, a motion for its unqualified
support was carried*unanimously,
which testifies the needs of a paper
for the workers, not diametrically
opposed to every principle of Labor's rights,   Tours truly,
Socialist Party of Canada
Winnipeg Loral No. 3
R. B. Russell
W. A. Pritchard
Oeorge Armstrong
R, J. Johns
Campaign I'timla are necilotl. Collection cards can be secured
from, and donations mado to Alex. Shepherd, I1. O. Box 1762,
Winnipeg, Man.
fp A RIS
Still Better Shoes
Are Solid Leather
Through and Through
Ladles' Brown Calf Oxfords, Cuban heel, frith vanity jfcey gam
Plate Goodyear welt soles, Saturday, only . wl, ,',',   $ f ea/O
Ladies' Blaek Kid Pumpi, medium tails heel.
Classic make, _[t_ QC
Saturday    _e...   epXfei70_
Ladies' Brown KM Oxfords; Cuban heel, McKay. *g QC
Special. ■.........-.... QPUttfO
Children's Kor-Ker Patent
one-strap slippers:
. $2.95
li-s $3.95
Child's Black Calt
Shoes, sixes:
... $2.60
Boys' Medium Weight Shoes for Saturday sellins, only, sises 1-5 __  	
Men's Black Calf Dress Shoes; several styles.
This is a good shoe.  Special	
Men's Black and Brown Work Shoes.
Saturday only	
Men's Recede To* Brown
Shoes.   Saturday   .-._.',
51 Hastings W.
Hope Lodge No. 79, Seattle Machinists, has endorsed th. campaign
started by the central labor bodies
of Greater New York for the release of all political prisoners. The
machinists will take steps locally to
bring the matter to the attention of
the entire labor movement.   Every
worker Is urged ta co-operat. la
this important work. Amnesty for
all political prisoners should be a
slogan whloh every labor man
should adopt
When through with this paper,
pass it on.
Named Shoei are frequently mad*
is Non-union factoriei
No matter what iti name, unleu
it bean a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without the UNION STAMP are alwayi Non-union
Do not accept any excuse tot absence of the Onion Stamp
COLLIS LOVELY, Ganiral rreildent—<!HAS. h. BAIN P., General See.-TftU.
What Is the Taw?
Editor B. C. Kfideratlonlst: Below Is a copy which tho writer sent
for publication to the Toronto Tole-
gram and Star, following the conviction of the Winnipeg strike leaders, hut whtoh nover appeared In
this so-called free press.
Wlutt Is tho Low?
We aro living in a funny nge, an
age when those who plays the
tnnn's part In Iffe, honest, must go
to Jail. For Instance, the Winnipeg
strike leaders, convicted on the testimony of spotters, men who only
obeyed the will of the rank and
flle, and was faithful to them and
honest. Sedition and conspiracy
lining charged agninst them, because they fought so tbnt a section
of Winnipeg workers could pet a
little more money to catch n# to
the cost of living. On the other
hand, up goes coal, sugar, butter,
In fact everything wholesale! profiteering until tho working men and
women today are broken-hearted,
struggling to make ends meet. Any
convictions? No, but instead of
the rtyil conspirators going to Jail,
they may get handles lo their
name. Whnt a funny thing Is law?
Whut say yo, working people?
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central tabor Council
' Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.00 for »« monthi
Address aU communications to
3. HOUSTON, Suite 2, llulman UliK'k, 210 llannatyne Avenue
Wltuiii .ft, Manitoba
Ready Learn and
Inwardly Digest
now iu:ai>v in pamphlet iokm
.Indue Metcalfe's Cluute «> U>e Jury in the Russell Trial, aa
compared with  (AVE'in   Ilex  Ta BURNS,  ENGLAND,  IRS*.
Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
Examination and statement ot Law, ana Review ef Justice Metcalfe's Charge to the Jury, tn Trial ot R. B. Russell at Winnipeg, December, till.
Prices tor ths above pamphlets are as under:—*
Bundle orders, $5.00 per 100 copies, Sfio per to
single copios 10c each.   FroigUt ahd postage extra.
Two in One
Acknowledged to *o the most eloqusnt and histoiis addresa mr
delivered la the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, .18 per 100 copies, IMO per II copies; single
copies, 35c each.   All charges prepaid.
To ensuro a copy of Uie above pamphlets, place yeur ordera
early with James lam. Secretary of the Defense Committee,
Hiium 4, 220 llannatyne Avenue.
Singlo copies can bs obtained tn Vancouver at the Fedorationist OnVc. PAGE SIX
.April 23, 1921
Phone Seymour 2359
820 Granville St. Vancouver, B. C.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only bo procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,   _
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
"Whdre Iron Is, There Is the Fatherland"
A Note on the Relation of Privilege and Monopoly of War
.; -. «
The author of this story of manipulation is a descendant of t|ie Pilgrim Fathers. He waa educated at the University of Montana, and ■•
was elected Rhodes scholar, and Is now studying modern1''history at Oxford University. During the war he enlisted in the American
Kxpedltionary forces, joining the Engineers, later being transfer red to the Intelligence Department, and was attached to the peace
commission from December to May. While in Paris he attended lectures at tho Sorbonne, and also the sessions of thc Chamber of
Deputies. He collected the data on the Briey question during/the six months he was in Paris. By profession he is» journalist. This
BtqQjr Is being published in book form by B. W. Huebsch, publishers, of New York, and the Federationist has been able to secure the
serial rights for Canada from this firm,
(Copyright, 1920)
(Continued from last week)
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Goods, Oents' Furnishings
Factory organlied undtr "United Garment Workers of America"
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, V. R. Midgley;
▼ice-president,  J.  Uarthftll;  secreUry,  J.
R.   CtmpbeU;   iretsirer,   J.   Shaw;   ser-
fctnt-tt-trmB, K. King; trusteei, W. A.
ritchtrd, J. S. Merson, J. M. Clark, A.
J. _Wtiim. _______________
America, Local No. 178—Meetings lieid
flrat Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Frfli*
ident, J. T. Elsworth; vice-president, A.
R. Gatenhy; recording secretary, C. McDonald, P. O. Box 503, Pkone Stymour
8261L; financial lecreary, Robt. McNe.it,
P. O. Box COS.
cil—MeeU    eecond    Monday    In    tht
nenth.    Preildent, J. F. McConnell; iee-
tetary, R. H, Neelanda, P. 0. Boi 88.
Meeta last Sunday of eaeh month at
2 p.m. President, W. S. Tkumson; flee*
president, C. H. Collier; aocrrUry-treasurer,  R. H. Neelands, Box 66.
•ad Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
w-MeeU aecond and fourth Mondays.
President Jaa. Hastinga; flnanolal toe-
NUry and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
216 Labor Temple.
Lumber Industry (camp and mill)
neet with fellow workers in that industry. Organiie into (lie Lumber Workers
Industrial Union of the 0. B. U. Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.
Phone Bey. 7856.	
MeeU erery flrst and third Thursdays
la tht month. Pres. A. J. Wilson. Sec-
treas., J. R. Campbell, Room 210 Labor
Temple. Oftee hoars, 9 *.m. to 6 pjn.
Phont Sey. 201.  	
Hotel    and    restaurant    km-
ployees, Lonal 88—Meet* every flrti
Wednesday in the month at 2:30 pjn.
and every third Wednesday in the month
ftt 9 p.m. Pretident, John Cumming*,
•eeretcry and business agent, A: Graham.
Oftee and meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W.    Phone  Sey.   1681.    Office houn,  8
fcm. to 6 p.M.  ,
era' Union—MeeU 2nd and 4th Fridays, 205 Labor Temple. Pretident, W.
Wilson, 2239 Granville Street; secretary.
T, T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings Ht. K.; recording-secretary L. Holdsworth, 680—
14th St. W., North Vancouver.	
and Labor Counoil—Meeta first and
third Wednesdaya, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Presl*
dent, E. S. Woodward; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secreUry-treasurer, Christian
Sivertz, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. Q.
hor Council—Meets second and fourth
TuuRilay.i of each month, ln Carpenters'
Hull. Pmiui'iit, S. D. McDonnld; vice-
j.rchiit.-iit, A.. Kills; aetretary, Geo. Wad-
dell, Box 27H. Prince Rupert, B. C.
COUNCIL, O. B. U.^-MecU overy aeoond and fourth Tacsday In the 0. B. U,
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, nt 6 p.m. Meetings opAi to all 0.
B. U. members, fiefretary-treasurer, D,
S. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rupert B.C.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A* reliable Regulating Pill for Women, f5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any addretm on receipt nt priee; The
Scobell Drug Co., St. Catherines, Ontario.
dnstrial Unit of the Ona Big Union—
Aa Industrial union of nil workers in log-
glug and construction camps. Const District and Genernl Hcddquiirters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vanoouver, to. C. Phone Sey.
7856, K. Winch, general secretary--
ireaonrer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. C; auditors, Messrs. Buttar k Chime, Vancou-
•HT, B. 0.         .
Restores>YIm snd Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; Increase., "gray mntter;" a Tonic
—will ImlM you tip, ?3 a box, or two for
f5, nt drug stores, nr hy mall on receipt
of price. The Scobell Drag Co., St. Catharines^ Ontario. _
Association, Local 38-52—Office and
kail, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets first
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
treasurer, Thomas Nixon; business agent,
Peter Sinclair.	
the 0. B. U. meet in tlieir union hall
at 814 Cordova St. W., every First and
Third Wednesday in tbo month. President V. Owens; vice-president, D. Cnrlin;
teereUrr, Earl King. _Phone Sey. 1109(1.	
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 643—
MeeU flrst and third Tuesdays of each
■sontb, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Pruldent,
John Stark; financial secretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homer
Lumber industry, organise iuin the L,
W. I, U. of the 0. B. U.    Mlllwork*
trs' sections meet as follows;
Vaneonver—Lumber   Workers'   headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W.   Every Monday
8 p.m.
Mew Weatiniiihtcr—Lnbor Hnll, cor, Royal
Ave. and 7th St.   2nd aiui 4tli Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville.   2nd aud Uu Thursday, 8 p.m.
Fort Moody—Orange Hall, 2nd and 4th
Fridays at 8 p.m
Bine; mill and smelter work-
era' Unit of the One Big Union, Metal
Iferoas Miners—Vancouver, B. C, hold'
Itarten, 61 Cordova Street West. All
Workera engaged in this industry are
■rged to Join the Union before going on
Ua Job. Doa't wait to he organized, but
■agaalie yourself,
* North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Braneh meets second and fourth
Mondays, Room 204 Labor Temple. Preil-
•tot, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
vanconver; flnanclal aeeretary, E. God-
lard, 868 Richards Street; recording aeeretary,  J.  D.  Russell,   928   Commercial
Drive.    Phont High. 2204R.	
ers—Ytu seed the Camp Workers of
Cnr industry. They need yoa. Organizt
jether In the 0. B. U. Indutsrisl Unit
tf your occupation. Delegatea on every
lab, or write tke District Headquarters,
•1 Cordova St. W., Vancouver. Entrance
fee. 81-00; monthly dues, »r.00.
FfcitMKn, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
•eriea t— Meeta the Bnd and 4th Fridaye
•f the aonth, Labor Temple, 8 pjn.
KrwUsit, William Msylor; flaanelal aeo-
fotery aad hnalncsi agent, M. Phelpa;
corresponding eeereUry, W. Lte.    Ofllce,
Labor Ttmple.
Itreet and electrio railway
Employeea, Pioneer Division, Ne. 101
—Meets A. 0. P. Hall, Mount Pleasant.
Iat and 3rd Mondaya at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.n. Pnaldent, R. Bigby; recording
aeeretary, F, E. Griffin, 447—Oth Avenue
Eaat; tNaeurer, F. Sidaway: financial
eecretary and bualntsa agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4i)0fl Dumfries Street; office eornor
*"-'-r An,i m^u Bt„   Sfa^-Feir. 8804B.
Provincial Unions
Guaranteed Coal
If our coal is not satisfactory Jo yo'u, after you
have thoroughly triod it,
out, wc will remove what
coal is left and charge yon
nothing for what you have
You to be thc sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
VborM Soymour 1441 and 468
Big Ben
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIM    STBBBT
Phone Seymour £137
We will exchange your aeooad hand
furniture for new,   A square deal er
yonr money lack.
And now turn from iron and
steel to some of the other minerals
necessary in the war industries.
Take lead. The Penarroya Mine in
Spain furnishes most of this mineral in Europe. Up to 1909 the
Rothschild group controlled this
mine and nearly all of the Spanish
production of lead. After the Aga-
dlr Incident of that year, the
Me tall gesellschaft took control,
though a member of the French
Rothschild family still held membership ln the Council of administrators. From then on to 1914 the
lead France needed for war purposes came to It from Spain by
way of Germany,
German Control
Not only did the Germans control
lead, but alao zinc, and what Is
truly strange and extraordinary ie
that, according to Deputy Barthe,
the Metallgesellachaft also controlled aluminum, a mineral which la
found almost entirely ln French
soil. What ia more, the German
International metal trust had almost complete control of nickel.
Nearly all the nickel of the world
is possessed equally by two French
Arms: the blast furnaceB of Noumea
and the Rothschild group. But this
nickel, in great part, was under the
oependance of the Metallgesell-
schaft, for nearly all of It was
smelted In Germany.
Nickel la one of the products the
most indispensable for the fabrication of steel for heavy artillery.
Such steel needs two per cent,
nickel In it, Deputy Ballande, president and founder of the Noumea
Company—the only one independent of the International trust, represented in Europe before the war
by the Metallgesellschaft—on the
floor of the French Chamber, Jan.
24, 1919, declared:
"There was indeed—and this Is
the most interesting part of all that
has been said with regard to nickel,
the part which you should remember and concerning which you
should demand an explanation
from the government—there was a
ship,-loaded with nickel mineral,
the property of the House of Krupp,
which was seized by the French
navy and then released under the
most extraordinary conditions,"
dune from France
Here fs the incident, as reported
by Senator Henry Berenger in
Paris-Midi in 1915:
The 21st of last September;
(1914), a three-masted Norwegian
boat, the Bennesloet, loaded with
nickel, sailed for Hamburg, Germany, and on the 24th of September it was stopped by the French
ship Dupetit-Thouars, nnd brought
to Brest. Half of its cargo had
been paid in advance by Krupp.
Despite the opinion of the prize
court, this ship was released and directed towards Copenhagen. From
where did the ship come? It came
from New Caledonia, a French colony.
'The order to release the ship
came from the Central .Government The administration explained that it was sent because the
shipper of the cargo, tlie Mont-do
company, had promised to have it
unloaded In Norway, and because
nickel was not then on the list of
contraband. The decision served
as a precedent, and, according to
Senator Berenger, a number of
ships were allowed io pass, thus October 6, 1914, the Rambeau; Oct 12,
the Marllndick; November 6, the
Tubantia! November 24, the
Beira;" and the senator foffcws this
enumeration with an "etc,"
Not Contraband
Nickel was not contraband. Nor
was cotton, nor azotic acid, nor
lead. Nickel and lead were not
contraband of war—and the
Metailgcsellsohaft had a monopoly
of thoir production in Europe. But
contrary to the French ruling,
Deputy Barthe says: "At the same
period, September 24, 1914, tho
English stopped a ship loaded with
lead, en route for Antwerp, The
shipper was an English firm, the
destination was the Metallgesellschaft. Thc cargo was not contraband of war . . . but the English admiralty court ordered it
Consider mnv the products of the
hydro-electric industry of France—
ferro'slllcori and cynnlmide, both
necessary in the manufacture of
munitions. The general secretary
of the hydro-electric trust, It will be
remembered, was Robert Plnot, the
general secretary of the Committee
of Forges, and its head office was
at the headquarters of the Committee of Forges. This trust controlled
42,000 tons of thc French output
against 7,000 tons produced by In
dependent concerns.
No Domestic Supply
Germany, whicli lacked waterfalls, did not have a domestic supply of fe'rro-silicon sufficient for its
war industries. And so on Feb. 23,
1912, the French syndicate agreed
to furnish Germany with the ferro-
silicon it needed for lis war slock
"I have here thc contract which
was signed with Krupp several
yearB before the war and by which
the big cannon maker benefited by
a reduction in price of 40 marks on
the ton," declared deputy Barthe on
the uoor of the Chamber, Jan. 24,
1919, In speaking of ferro-sillcon.
"What Is serious, Is that when the
French industry treated with the
..instructor of German cannon, It
■ i.ew that It was contracting for
■ :<e production of war munitions,
i wilt say more: It knew that it
was furnishing Krupp with   stock
'for a war that was coming.   Better^the International group of which'
the Lonza was the centre."
The Lonza is a hydro-elastic company with headquarters at Baale,
Switzerland. Before tlie war Aus-
tro-German influences had gained
control of Lite majority of its stock
and placed at Its head a German
named Frcydel. French capitalists,
among them Glraud-Jordan, still
retained some stock in tlie Company. Glraud-Jordan woe a member of the board of directors of
this company, and, during the war,
it is charged, he also remained a
director of the Swiss Company at
Hafslund, whose plant was ln Norway and which, as a neutral eompany, was selling Its product to
When tho war broke out the
Lonza Company sold its product,
chiefly cyanimlde, to German munition makers. The French hydroelectric trust was brought before a
French court-martial on the charge
of having shipped 600,000 pounds
of cyanimlde to the Lonza Company
in Switzerland in January, 1915.
This case brought out a strong protest from Robert Plnot, general
secretary of the trust and of the
Committee of Forges, and it dieted this comment from Giraud-Jor-
don, in a note written by him which
was found in his office:
"On leaving the Committee of
Forges I indicated to Mr. Sautter
that in my opinion, if the Lonza
Company or the companies affiliated with it are indicted, It will be
necessary to make the Swiss government intervene through diplomatic channels."
The causing of a diplomatic incident between two nations apparently was but a trifle to the international financiers during the war.
Other notes written by Giraud-
.Tordon indicated how the trust had
used its influence to bribe experts
in the case. The trust claimed that
tnough the cyanimlde had been
shipped it had flrst been denatured,
making it useless In the production
of explosives. This was denied by
others but the trust was acquitted.
Finally, Giraud—Jordon resigned
from the Board of Directors of the
Lonza Company, Here is his letter,
dated March 13, 1915, addressed
to the Electrical Plants of the
Lonza, Incorporated:
"Gentlemen: I had at first hoped
that our reciprocal relations could
have continued unchanged by this
terrible war. Bnt I see today that
duty forces me to reserve all my
forces for business ln France and
obliges me to leave the companies,
where my presence in the present
circumstances, could disturb my action and diminish my influence in
the sphere in which they ought to
be concentrated.   .   .
If, some day, international relations become better again, perhaps we can resume the collaboration which was based on times of
'Plic Ways of Bnsiness
And the same day, this Frenchman, who resigned with such evident regret from a company con-
yet:    It knew that the war would
break out about 1914."
This accusation drew a statement
from former Premier Viviani who
explained the case, which had come
before the court of assizes during
his administration, in these words
in tho Chamber:
"Tho letters which had been seized at the homes of those whom 1
had Indicted permit one to ask if
they had not negotiated with Germany, up to 1914, if my memory Js
exact, agreements from which it
"1. That ferro-sillcon was delivered ;
"2. That, on the demand of
Krupp, tho stock of ferro-sillcon
was brought to the door of his
plant, so that ln case of mobilization he would have almost immediate command of it;
3. That the French agents of
the company who were in Gormany were forbidden to deliver this
ferro-sillcon to Russian agents, that
Is to say, that our allies were deprived of war material of which
they might have need;
"4. That it waa stipulated as a
major force which could annul the
contract, the case of a strike which
is the classic case, but that war between only two nations was not
considered such a force, so that, If
war had existed between Germany
and France alone, or between Germany and Russia, the contract
would have continued In force."
It was in these conditions that
the case came before the court of
assizes, said Mr. Viviani, and then
the advocate general dropped it,
And Mr, Viviani added:
"As much as I am pleased to
render homage to the Commissioner
of the Government, Mr. De Meur
(who represented the administration), so much do I regret that the
advocate general, Mr. Wattlne, had
the accusation abandoned." (Warm
applause from all parts of tlie
Chamber.) "I know that the.^dvo-
cate general doesn't have to take
orders ahd that he finds in thet traditions of our jurisprudence ihe
right to drop an accusation Upon
his own responsibility. I regrer^oh^
that Advocate General Wattine* did
not read to the jury, in a statement which he had the right-(p
make at any time during the., session, the letters which were,shield
by the prosecuting attorneyyr,qrid
which, if to him no punishment
seemed applicable, could have resulted at least in that which would
have been a good thing for1, the
country in time of war—the placing by a magistrate of the stigma
of moral shame upon those who
had signed such documents."
Analysts of Letters
The correspondence to which Mr.
Vivanl referred was lhat between
the Frenchman, Rtva-Berni, and
the representatives of Krupp. Here
is the analysis of the letters as
made by the Government Commissioner: „
"The result was that Krupp had
demanded that he be assured of a
permanent stock of 1,000 tons (of
ferro-silicon) in tho vicinity of his
mills, In view of the war wliich he
considered was near; that Ehrens-
bergcr, the director of the House
of Krupp, had specifically stated
that he wished to be guaranteed
in case of mobilization and in case
of war. Opinion in Germany seemed to have been that the war was
fatally coming in an indefinite future, but in any case, before the
end of this Krupp contract, that is
to say, in 1916." (Letter of Uiva-
Berni to Rosonbaum, February 14,
"In his letter the previous day
the 14th of February, to Hugo
Koller, the same Rlva-Bernl had
stated that In the opinion of the
Germans it was thought that a European war would break out Within
two years (between 1912 and 1914)
and that In the general mobilization
Krupp would have grout difficulty In
getting his supplies,
•"Copies of these letters were
communicated to Mr. Giraud-Jor-
dan In whose olllce they were
DM Not Hide It
"Moreover, Rlva-Bernl did not
hide at any time that he believed
in the certainty of war, and that
In the same memoir which he1 deposed, February 13, current Velir,
on page <H, he said that, habituated
to travel In Germany, he had foreseen the war for a long lime, that
he knew the war was near, as^id
alt those who took the troubljeto
notice what was happening."   ..j
Thus, this French business man
who knew the war was coming
nonetheless helped supply Jthe
Krupps with war material. According to the contract with the French
trust, Krupp was to have a war stock
of 1000 tons of ferro-sillcon delivered to him. L'Uslne, the official Jpuf-
nal of the Committee of Forges,;*ays
that Germany had need of only
2,000 tons of ferro-sillcon a year.
How much did the Krupps get as a
result of this contract? During the
two years preceding the* war, up to
July 28, 1914, the German munition maker received 6,000 tons from
France, 1,000 tons each year more
than was normally needed. Six
thousand tons of ferro-sillcon is
sufficient to treat 600,000 tons of
steel. The Krupps wonted a "war
stock."  Evidently, they got It.   .
Represented International Group
The Frenchman, Giraud-Jordan
at whose office the above letters
were found, was a prominent member of tke Committee of Forges,
and, according to his own state
ment made during the war, he was
"the real representative at Paris of
'government restrictions, succeeded
in importing steel from the British
Then the system was changed.
A single purchasing agent at London was appointed tay the French
government. All orders for importations of iron and steel went
through his hands. And who was
he, Humbert de Wendol, a member
of the Committee of Forges and a
brother of Francois de Wendel.
Who was the military attache at
London, detailed to check Mr. do
Wendel, the purchasing agent?
General de la Panauze, the brother-
in-law of Mr. de Wendel,
Who- Obecbed the Metal
Who was It in the Ministry of
Munitions in France who had the
duty of cheeking evory kilogram
of metal which came Into tlie country? It was Captain Esbrayat, director of the Demuchy bank, an institution of the Committee of
Forges. Captain Esbrayat was mobilized In the department of munitions where he held the office of
general secretary of the commission of woods nnd metnls.
Who handled the distribution of
the metal imported? A branch of
the Committee of Forges, the
Comptoir d-exportation—bureau of
exportation. And who was the director of this bureau during a long
period of the war up to September
23,1917? An under-director of the
Committee of Forges, a man named
Goldsberger, born in Zurich, Switzerland, the son of an industrial
magnate of Berlin, Felix Goldsberger.
In the debates in the Chamber
of Deputies, February 1. 1919, it
was admitted by De Wendel and by
Loucheur, Minister of industrial reorganization, that Goldsberger was
of German origin, but they botli
maintained that he was a naturalized Swiss. Deputy Barthe declared
that the French secret service had
never been able to find trace of his
naturalization, Goldsberger had
been connected with the Committee of Forges since 1904,
Shortly after Mr. Loucheur was
appointed Minister of Armament
he gave his order, lie suid, on September 23,  1917.
"I cannot understand how the
bureau (of exportation) has taken
a foreigner for so delicate a position. It is impossible to allow this
situation to continue. Consequently do what Is necessary in the briefest delay and report to me."
And it was only then that this
Goldsberger, a man of undoubted
German origin, was removed from
the position of acting chief of the
French government monopoly of
Accused of Profiteering
Meanwhile, the Committee of
Forges had boen accused of speculation and profiteering—of having
artificially raised the price of steel
It imported. The charges were referred to the Committee of Markets
of the French ('hamber of Deputies,
late in 1915. Now, Francois de
Wendel, the deputy, was a member
  of this particular committee.   The
trolled by and working for the different matters referred to it were
Germane, wrote to a Mr, A, Vogt at apportioned among the members,
LaupenstMusse 4, Berne, as fol-jeach with a certain thing to in-
lows: vestigate and report on. De Wcnde!
Pear Sir: Following the opinion 'pointed out that his special expert-
of Pr. Koller (an Austrian) 1 havo ence qualified him to~ investigate
sent to the Lonza. a letter of resig- profiteering in steol better than any
nation of which I .here include a of the olher deputies. And he was
copy. Nevertheless, I shall continue told to look into the charges wliich
to be greatly interested in tlie Lon- had heen made and report. In the
za, of which 1 remain the largest fall of 1918, after he had beon elect-
shareholder after Mr. Wacker, and ed presidont of the Committee of
I have asked -him to continue to Forges, he turned the matter over
sond me through you as Inter'medn- to another deputy. Three years hnd
iary the documents of the council passed—und not a report had been
of administration, such as the mln- .made by De Wendel.
Waltham Railroad Watches
The man who owns one of these watcheB has all the satisfaction a watch can give. No watches are more desirable, no
watches are hid in higher esteem by men who know. We stock
one of the best assortments in tliis city and our prices are the
lowest quoted anywhere. Here are details of a few of them that
may influenco the man who has tt watch purchase In mind:
IB-Jewel "Vanguard," 18-slze $75.00
17-Jcwel "Canadian Railway Timo Service," lS-size   $52.50
28-Jewel "Vanguard," Ifi-size $85.00
17-Jewel "C. P. R„" 16-«lze $52.50
21-Jewel "Crescent St.," 16-size  $(17.50
19-JcweI "RlvenMe,"  10-slze    $65.00
All the above are adjusted to temperature, isochronlsm and
five positions'. The price Is for movement only, leaving the matter
of choice of case to the option of the purchaser.
—Jewelry Dept., Main Floor.
trated In thc department of Mcur-
the-et-Moselie, on the Lorraine
(2) Since it was concentrated
there, why did not the French fortify Briey?
(3) Why was Briey not defended when tho war broke out?
(4) Why was the Lorraine front
so quiet a sector on the French
front? Why did not the . French
make an offensive In the direction
of Briey or at least bomb it from
Ironmaster Staff Officer
Before attempting to answer
these questions, a short resume of
how they wore brought to public
attention may be of some interest.
According to the story told by Fer-
nard Kngeraud, a Conservative deputy, In the Chamber on February
1, 1919, tlie Briey situation conic to
bis notice in 191,1, and in February
of that year he wrote an article
concerning Jt which was published in the Correspondent. He waited but it brought no response from
those in authority. As he had not
connections with the general staff*,
he sent a note to it by Mr. Flandin,
another deputy and a member of
the French Academy of Immortals,
calling attention to the Importance
of Briey. Still nothing was done.
He called it to the attention of the
staff three times—always In vain.
And then he found that the staff
officer who received his notes was
—an iron master, mobilized on the
general staff! In despair, he lectured on the subject and wrote concerning it for L'Echo de Paris, a
Conservative, not. to say reactionary, daily of Paris,
More Pnblilcty
About the same timo in 1915 tlmt
Engeraud began his campaign, the
question of Briey was taken up by
Gustavo Tery, editor of thc Liberal
Paris daily, L'Ceuvre. Later, the
question was given more publicity
by a Conservative senator, Henry
Berenger, In the daily Paris-Midi,
ln January, 1919, the Socialist Deputy, Edouard Barthe, Interpelated
the government on the subject of
tlio Briey Basin and the Committee
of Forges for two days, and was
sustained in important parts of his
chargeB by Deputies Engeraud,
Flandin and Eynac, all Conservatives, and by former Premier Viviani, a Liberal. Minister Loucheur
replied for the government on February 14 and agreed to Barthe's
demand that a parliamentary in
vesligation committee be appointed
to  look  Into  the  matter.   Most of
the information given In this prei
ent article was obtained from tt
record ln the Journal Official—Ui
Congressional Record of Franee-
of these debates, as the report <
the investigation committee, if
has been made has not been n
ceived here.
(To bo continued noxt week)
Clinton, la.—The flrst test of tfi
power of the Labor Party here ha
resulted In an overwhelming vi<
tory. At the election just held fo
school board membors, every cand
date of the new party was electei
Moving pictures and mass meeting
were the means of publicity use
by the party. Tho progressive edti
catlonal programme also had
great effect upon the public.
Don't forgot OUR advertisers.
—ON— -
At thla storo you get tht
you right. RIGHT PRICES
STOCK that gives you a
Furniture Co.
416 Main St.
Opposite City Hall
utes, reports und monthly balances,
nnd I will be obliged to you if you
Th© Key Position
It was then a member   of
will receive them as in the past and 'committee of Forges, Humbert de
transmit them to ino when you \Vendel, wi,0 was the sole purchas-
have the opportunity. | inK nKent of pmnce for lron an,i
"111 lhe same way, I am sending steel hl London, It woa his brother-
you in triplicate the documents of in.Iaw aml 1L hankrl. of tlie Com.
the Boxel Company, and I ask you;mittee of Porgo8 ffho cll0C]tcd him.
to send two copies to the Lonza; It waS ft bronch of tjle committee
one of which should be addressed I or I('orgeSi t],e bureau of exporta-
to Dr. Koller, who has asked me.t|0„( With a Swiss of admitted Ger-
to continue to keep him informed'man 0,.|gtn at Its head, which dls-
of the business of our company."       tributed the metal Imported by thc
On March IB, 1915, Vogt ans- Bfng|c purchasing agent. And It
wered by accepting the commission. (vaa a deputy, another member of
Thus, while Glraud-Jordou re- tlie committee of Forges, to whom
signed from the Board of Directors, waa eiven the investigation of the
he remained ono of the largest, charges thnt the stoel trust was
shareholders In the Lonza Com- profiteering during tho war and
pany, which was working for Get'-i^o kept the matter pigeon-holed
many, Under cover of his resig- for three years, and these ure not
nation, the French financier con- nil of the key positions which the
Untied to keep in touch with the ^Committee   of   Forges—the   steel
German und Austrian financiers.
So much for the international or-
ganlaatlon of fiua-ncial and mining
men.   Now, we return to the iron
combine—filled during the war,'as
will he shown later.
Such was tho geological and industrial situation with regard to
and steel situation in France after j iron and stoel in France and Ger-
the war had begun. With the Ger- many When the war broke out—the
mans ln possession of the Briey iron mines and steol mills of both
Basin, thc French were forced- to countries grouped on the frontier
depend largely upon the small basin left ln Meurthe-et-Moseile. This
was not at all sufficient for her
needs. The French iron and steel
industry was disorganized and
France was faced with the pressing need of importing raw iron and
Not a Ton in Seven Months
The government charged the
Committee of Forges with the duty
of importing 19,000 tons of metal
from England each month ln order
to supply the French concerns,
Seven months pased and not a ton
had been imported by the steel
combine. Its announced policy at
that time, given ln a confidential
circular, was opposed to the accumulation of stock for fear that this
would hurt the resumption of business, It imported nothing from
England, but some of the independent concerns' tired of wafting, on
their own initiative   and   despite
which divided the two nations, a
powerful trust controlling the situation on each side of the line,
the Germans owning mines in
France and the French owning
mineral properties ln Germany,
with the industrial magnates of
both powers working ln more or
less closo harmony.
Raises Questions
Now, the fact that the Briey Basin, from which came nearly all of
France's iron, wus allowed to fall
into the hands of the Germans at
the outbreak of the war and' no
attempts were made to disturb their
exploitation of the French mines
for more than two years, during
which time the French steel combine had a tight monopoly on all
Importations of metal into France,
has given rise in France to several
questions.  They are, in brief:
(1), Why was so much of tho
French mineral production concen-
Tin's markot now operates a mail order department for
thc benefit of customers residing in tlio many camps nnd
in thc country for thc summer .season. All advertised
priees stand good for three days. Cash mnst accompany
order and include freight where no agent resides. The
management personally select the goods and properly
pack and deliver same f.o.b. rail or boat.
Make Sure of Your Weekly Supplies With Best Quality
ki and Lowest Prices
Sugar Notice
Today's quotation for Granulated Eustern Sugar is 2314 cents,
f.o.b. Vancouver; this quotation is to wholesalers for future delivery and means 25 cent sugar, retail prices.
We have a small supply of granulated sugar at 22 cents (no
restrictions) and advise customers to buy now.
We have Bright Yellow Sugar at 19 cents (no       0 4 Q  gfV
limit.  100-lb, sack    $lOe0U
Muke Suro of Your Sugar for Canning
All Oars Pass Cal Van Opposite Pantages
Mechanics' Tools
J. A. Flett, Limited
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS FRIDAY.*...-r.
.April ts, mo
no. it   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
•   Paints
Quality .*. Service
642-Granville Street-642
all times respect and fulfill obilga- -selves    with    having   Intelligence
tions or contracts entered into.
This is all that we ask or urge this
0. B. U. Members Put It
Squarely to Hon Gideon
Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Here Tbey An, Indexed for Too
lib Onion Man, Out TUa Oat ana Olve It te Yonr Wife  *
Bank of Toronto, Halting! k Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New Westminster.
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branches In Vancouver, 21 In B. ft
Bhciiy '■  '.   - Phone Fairmont tt
Tisd&lln Limited..
J. A. Flott	
..618 Hastings Street West
 Hastings Street Wost
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Rooms)..
Goodwin Shoe Co, _
Ingledew Shoe Store...
"K" Boot Shop	
Pierre Paris—.—.
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Boots and Shoes
..Hastings Street East
..110 Hastings Street East
 666 OranviUe Street
 310 Hastingi Street Weit
...64 Hastings Street West
...Hastings Street East
Vancouver Co-operative  .'.. 41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 63 Cordova street West
Cornett Bros. SS Hastings W.
Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Street East
O. B. IT. Model Cafo  01 Cordova Street Weat
Orpheum Cats  Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting;
Arnold k Quigley. ..... .   546 Granville Street
Clumans, Ltd 168 Hastinga Street West
Clubb * Stowart s. 300-315 Hastings Streot West
B. C. Outfitting Co...   — ~. 342 Hastings Street West
Wm. Dick Ltd . - 83-40 Hastings Street East
Thos. Foster * Co., Ltd -..- .....— 614 Oranvillo Street
S, W. Foster k Co., Ltd...
3. N. Harvey Ltd.—
Tho Jonah-Prat Co...
...345 Hastings Streot West
New Tork Outfitting Co.	
David Sponcer Ltd...._......_................._....
W. B. Brumitt :	
Thomas k McBain.— 	
-125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. 0.
 401 Hastings Street West
 143 Hastings Street West
...ir i     ...Hastings Street
...Cordova Street
...Granvillo Street
Woodwards Ltd...
Victor Clothes Shop...
D. K. Book .
...Hastings and Abbott Streots
..112 Hastlngi West
Vancouver Co-operative
. 117 Hastingi Street Weit
•...41 Pender Street West
 820 Granville St.
 020 Main St., Soymour 1441 and 465
  „. 1001 Main Street
Kirk * Co., Ltd	
Macdonald Marpole Co...
Fraier Valley Dairies.............. — .8th Avenue and Yukon Street
 602 Hastings West
...301 Dominion Building
Drs. Brett Anderson and Douglas Caisulman—
Dr. W. J. Curry...
Dr. Gordon Campbell - Cornor Granville and Bobson Streets
Dr. Lowe ~.~ - .Corner_Hastings and_Abbott Streeta
Dr. Grady...
Britannia Beer...
Cascade Boer—
Hotol West...
 Corner Hastings and Soymour Streets
...Westminster Brewery Co,
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
...444 Carrall Streot
Patricia Cabaret  - ,. ..-411 Eastings Stroet East
Taxi—Soft Drinks............ .— ...400 Dunsmuir Street
Vau Bros   - Ciders and wines
(Vancouver Drug Co...
Famous Cloak k Suit Co...
Dry Goods
..Any of their six stores
,..623 Hostings Street Weit
Yancouvef Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd 48 Hastingi East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn, Thomson ft Glogg.   531 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co...
,41 Hastings Stroet West
Ballard Ftirnltnre Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company 416 Main Street
Cal-Van Markot.  Hastings Streot Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (threo stores) „ Hastings, Granville uud Main Streets
Woodwards - - Hustings and Abbott Streets
Sponcer' Ltd - ., - Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
Bim k and White Hat Store Cor, Hastinp and Abbott Streeta
O. B. Allan 480 Granville Street
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin..™ - (Malkin's Beit)
Musical Instruments
Mason & Risch 738 Granville Street
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand.  (Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. 0.)
flunter-Hendorsoi Paint Co — —642 Granville Streot
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse- -   —Lahor Temple
Clclland-Dibblo  ~ Tower Building
Minister Reveals Friendship for "Loyal" American Union
Tho following letters exchanged
between the Minister of Labor and
the Coleman Miners Unit ot the
O. B. U. aro In themselves explanatory. They also show tho attitude
of the Hon. Gideon Robertson towards the International unions, and
hla determination to prevent tho
growth of the 0. B. U. lf at all
ott Ice ot Ministor' of "Labour,
Ottawa, Ont.,
April 8th, 1620.
H. P. Hansen,
Coleman, Alt*.
Dear Sir,—-Your letter of ths 1st
is received today and its contents
carefully noted.
I note particularly your observation that your organization regards
the action ot the Coal Director, in
approving tho compulsory check-
oil for tho United Mine Workers of
America, as being illegal. It that
bo true then it must be assumed
that your organization Is opposed
to the closed shop principle being
applied in any Industry under any
Personally I frankly confess that
I am not an admirer of the closed
shop principle in any Industry, believing that it Interferes with the
Individual right and liberty of
every workman, but circumstances
may arise where the safety and stability of an industry and convenience and comfort of the whole
community is in danger, that would
justify any steps necessary to protect the interest of the public generally,
This was exactly what occurred
ln District 18. The representatives
of the miners, ln tho persons ef
Mr. Christopher and Mr. Livett
did, in March 1919, ask this- Department to have Us coal director,
by ordor, continuo in effect the
ratos and conditions existing prior
to March 31st of last year, until
such time as a new agreement was
made ln the United States. The
coal operators -agreed to this and
the order was Issued.
Ever since that timo tho United
Mine Workers ot America and the
loyal officers ot that organization
have been endeavoring to fulfill the
obligations which they had undertaken in the making of that contract. Mr. Christopher, supported
by a substantial number of the
workmen, haa endeavored to repudiate the contract which he entered into on their behalf, and the
Director of Coal Operations, with
ths approval of this Department,
has taken such steps as were necessary to assist the ooal operators
and the United Mino Wovrkers' organization, who wero the subscribing partlea to the agreement, to
faithfully perform their obligations
under that contract, not particularly for tho purpose of assisting either
or both of the parties directly
affected but to maintain coal production and prevent hardship and
suffering during thc winter months.
It is a matter of record that ln
December lust the One Big Union
made demands upon the operators
and the director of coal operations
that lt should be recognized and an
agreement made with it, notwithstanding the existing agreement
with the United Mine Workers, and
that such agreement should be
made before January 1st, 1920,
otherwise the Ono Big Union would
take steps to enforce their demands. This meant that ther deliberately would close down the
mines ln the dead of the winter and
subject all the people of the
prairie provinces to the hardship
and suffering that would necessarily
follow lf such action were taken.
The Department of Labor, fn tho
discharge of its duty to the public
generally, lent Its aid to a plan
which It was thought would and
haa ensured continued production
of coal for the people throughout
the winter season.
I assure you thoro Is no Intention or desire on the paft of the
Department of Labour to further
urge or in any way coerce the mln
ers ln district 18 to become mem,
bers of any organzation, but we are
willing that they should exercise
their individual judgment ln every
Instance so long as the organization
to which they bolong is not one
which has for Us purpose the destruction of industry and of existing legitimate institutions.
If labour is over to succeed in the
attainment of full recognition of its
just rights it must adopt such poll
cles us will entitle It to the con.
fidence and respect of both, em
plovers und the publio generally
and, In order to do that, It must at
E G. B...
 and the.......
-- -0. N. B.
Worn tho Tailor.  524 Granvillo St.; 318 Hastings W.
lAbraras tho Tailor 614 Hastings Wait
3. A. Flett.™ -      Hastings Street West
Martin, Finlayson ft Mather.... Hastings Street West
Theatres and Movies
Empress    Orpheum   Pantages
Phone Bey. 221      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson & Clegg
631 Homer St  Vancouver, B. O.
10 Hastings St. E.
0. B. U. OABD
Patronise Those Who Patronize Toat
10 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's mbscrlptlon to The
B. 0. Foderationist, will be mailed to
any address In Canada for $17,60.
(Good anywhere onteldo of Vancouver
city.)  Order ten today. Remit when sold.
Save* Ubor. The Coupons
with each package ere e
value in themselves*
It is perfectly true that the polii _
of the coal director, as approved by
thli department,.has. not met with
the approval of the. men who betrayed thler trust ah responsible'
officers of the organization of which_
they were members, and who were
endeavoring to repudiate all obligations binding upon them under,
the contract which they themselves
had entered into. I have absolute^
confidence in the judgment of the
ordinary workman, if he is possessed of true facts, but, unfortunately, , too many of the men lejt
others think for them instead of
thinking for themselves.
Since April, 1917, under the direction of Mr. Armstrong, the
wages of all men above ground
have been Increased on an average
of 75.9 per cent, in a little more
than two and a half years; in addition to this their working hours
have been materially reduced, so
that this increase granted them on
an hourly basis is equivalent to a
little over 119 per cent. The wages
of the contract miners have, during
the same period, been Increased
from $588 to $8.94, or an increase
of St per cent. The cost of living
■during the same period, in Alberta,
has Increased 43.7 per cent. It Is
clearly apparent that tho director
of coal operations has been not only
just but generous ln his dealings
with the men, and whatever criticism might justly be directed
against the Coal Director ought naturally to come from the employers
or the public because of the fact
that he has Increased the wages
more rapidly than was necessary to
keep pace with the cost of living.
The coal miners in District 18, lf
they were fully possessed of all the
facta connected with the industry,
would appreciate and applaud the
assistance that has been given them
by the Director of Coal Operations
instead of attacking him unjustly,
as too many of them have been en*
deavorlng to do.
Tours very truly,
Minister of Labour.
The  following is the reply received from Senator Bobertson:
The Hon. G. D. Robertson,
Minister of Labor,
Ottawa, Ont,
Dear Sir,—
Your communication of the Sth
Inst, received, and under instruction from this Unit, I wish to reply as follows:
We noU that you say If the IT.
M. W. of A. check-off Is Illegal, as
w» believe it is, then It must be assumed that the O. B. U. Is oppoes*
to the closed shop principle. 0
We wish to state our position re
educating the workers to
their position as workers, there be'
ing no compulsory methods used'
in our educative campaign, we are-
satifsficd to let a majority decide
any question at issue. a
We recognize the right of every
worker to work, and do not believe,
in or advocate the education ot
any worker, from his or her right
to work. The closed shop princl,-.
pie Involves compulsion on the part
of those who do not agree with it;
the reason they do not agree with'
tt is, as you say, that It infringe*
on individual rights and liberty,
which we believe workmen are entitled to in society as it is at present constituted.
When through educational •channels all workers have been assimilated to realize their position as
workers, and as a consequence
thereof agree as to their identity of
interest, there will not be any need
for the closed shop principle, as
the workers then will be in a position to act intelligently without
having to resort to compulsion or
coercion over either a majority or
minority; until the workers arrive
at the point of education just mentioned, we are perfectly satisfied
that majority, according to demo-
cartic principles should rule; but
under no circumstances will we
submit to sit idly by and have the
majority ignored and see compulsion and coercion exercised by a
We do not agree with you that
circumstances ever did arise in this
mining district which placed the
whole of the community In danger
owing to the policy of tho O. B, U.
It Is undoubtedly true that Mr.
Christopher and Mr. Liwett did
apply to the department of Labor
for reaffirming of the director of
coal operations until suoh time that
a new agreement was consummated
in the United States, which would
pave the way for an agreement in
this district.
However, since this application
was made, Mr. Christopher and
Mr. Livett, have parted in different
The O. B. U. came into existence,
the miners of this district voted
by a 95 per cont. vote, taken by referendum, to sever thoir affiliation
with the U. M. W. of A. and Mr.
Christopher carried out the wishes
of the rank and fllo In connection
with the vote taken. Mr. Livett
preferred to remain with the U. M.
W. of A. Wo believe, or rather we
know, that Mr. Christopher ever
since that time has been made thd
object of Insidious attacks relative
to the policy of the O. B. U. These'
attacks have buon made in such a
way as to quoto Mr. Christopher,
incorrectly, thereby leading the
public to believe that the O. B. U.
Is a vicious and destructive organization. We feel that you, according to your opinion expressed in
your letter, are prejudiced against
Mr. Christopher, and have a misconception of the policy of the O.
B. U. -We do not consider it fair
to the miners In this district that
you should be prejudiced against
them for being members of the Ot
B. U., because you are prejudiced
against Mr. Christopher. •*
Granting you the right to you*
own personal opinion as regards
statements made by -Mr. Christopher re .policies of the O, B. U.t
we also claim the right to our opinion in the same matter.
We do not hesitate to say that,
If at any time Mr. Christopher, or any one else holding office
in the miners organization of the
O. B. U. does not represent the
views of the majority of the rank
and (lie, we have intelligence
enough to Invoke and use tho recall, which tho constitution of the
O. B. U. provides tho membership
with so liberally.
Admittedly the policies of the O,
B.U. are mor0 radical than those of
the A. P. of L„ but that does not
in itself indicate that the organization Is destructive.   We pride our-
enough to know that no new policies on behalf of -Labor can be in-
igurated successfully unless they
_ ,rry with them more efficiency
than we havo at the present time,
.and when the time comes that the
^workers will demand that this Inereaaed efficiency by way of a system of production for use, Instead
of for proflt be Inaugurated and
given a trial, there is no doubt in
pur minds that it will be accomplished throngh perfectly legitimate action on the part of the workers.
Tour statement that the O. B.
U. deliberately Intended to close
down the mines in the dead of the
winter to ensure the enforcement
of their demands mado upon the
director of coal operations and the
coal operators last December, we
take exception to, as we are aware
of the contents of the communication which was sent to the director
of coal operations, and to the secretary of the Coal Operators Association, re making arrangements
for the signing of _ contract between the O. B, U. and the operators, and being aware of the contents of this communication, we
fall to see where any such threat
as you mention waa made.     ,
The communication as referred
to did state that ln the event of a
refusal, we would take whatever
steps we might deem necessary to
enforce our demands, but that did
not or does not necessarily imply
the putting into effect such conditions as you have outlined.
We are still and always have
been teaching our members that
the aim and object of the O. B. U.
Is to eliminate strikes, and we consider that the policy adopted by
the O. B. U. minera In this district
during the past months will confirm the statement just made; that
we do aim td eliminate strikes.
We have steadfastly adhered to the
no strike policy in the face of all
compulsory and coercive methods
adopted against us during the past
winter, and we believe that the
public generally is convinced that
such |s the faet.
Relative to the making of a new
agreement ln this district, we consider that the duties of the U, M.
W. Af A. havo been fulfilled.. The
U. M. W. of A. has acquitted Itself
of all obligations to the operators
under the old agreement, and as a
new agreement is now in force in
the United States, there is absolutely no excuse for the U. M. W.
of A. organizers to prolong their
stay In this district; they are not
wanted here by any representative
body of the miners.
Because the U. M. W. of A. at
one time did represent the miners
of this district Is .no reason why
they at the present time should be
allowed   to   exercise   a   monopoly
latlvo  to tho closed  prlnolple ajlife'"8'^* ,T?hJ"[0t '"?■ -°*^_«*-
folltms: The O. B. U. believo ^^ maJorlty ot "><> »>•» worl"nS
Wo do not believo that It was
;Over stated anywhere that tho U.
M. W. of A. should exist forever in
(his district, and as to the majority
et the miners now ara members of
the O. B. U. it seems quite possible
(o us that an agreement could ba
made which would ensure stable
conditions ln the district, were.it
;not 'for the aforementioned prejudice.
., As conditions change, theso conditions must be met and dealt with
as they confront us.
We claim that lt is possible to
make an agreement that will cover
the ever-changing conditions, both
economically and Industrially, and
in our opinion, such an agreement
must be made whereby the effects
of changing conditions as thoy occur can be dealt with intelligently
If we aro tb establish any sort of
harmony and satisfaction to both
employers and employees. We
live In a period where conditions
as they affect the worker are changing ever faster and faster, and wo
believe that those changes must
be met and dealt with Intelligently
as they are and not as we would
like them to be.
Your assurance that there is no.
desire on the part of tho department of Labor to further urge or
coerce tho miners in this district to
become members of any organization, goes for naught in view of
the fact that the coal directors order No. 141 Is still being enforced;
remove that order and establish a
semblance of democracy, and we
have no doubt that stable conditions can be established In this dlstriot.
Tho compulsory and arbitrary
method of enforcing Order No. 141,
Is not a solution to tho problem
confronting us In this district, and
will not result In satisfaction on
the part of anybody concerned.
You say that you have absolute
confidence ln the ordinary workman, If he Is possessed of the true
facts, but that unfortunately to
many of them, let others think for
them, instead of thinking for themselves.
Wo think that you, In making
this slatement are belittling the Intelligence, which tho average workman In this district Is In possession of; and further, wo want to
emphasise the fact, that tho minors
of this district did think for themselves when they derided to withdraw from the U. M. w. of A., and
tho very reason thev did think for
themselves was because thoy wero
confronted with fuels nnd truo
facts at that; theso facts clearly
showod thom tha utter fallacy of
adhering to an organisation In
which they could not gain sufficient representation to enable them to
hse that organization for their
benefit whatsoever. This has been
amply demonstrated to (he satisfaction of an overwhelming majority of the minors In this district by
.the different policies which was
,ljiade In Indianapolis, and which
the minors of District 18 has had
to cope with over since the Inception of the district and which they
have nover been fn position to cope
With successfully.
i The details of this conflict Is
vividly remembered by a goodly
number In this dlstriot, and It Is
because of this fact that they did
think it was timo for them to discard an organisation that had becomo obnoxious to them. On the
other hand, we ask you: Did the
miners of this district have even a
ghost of a chance to think for
themsolves last December, when
Order 141 was Issued? It appears
to us that at that lime some ono
very much Interested in doing tho
thinking did do the thinking with
out oven asking us or allowing us
to do any thinking.
Wo are of tho opinion that when
Order 141 was Issued, somo ono
said: "It If, not necessary for tho
rank and fllo to think; all that Is
necessary Is that they should obey
Afghanistan May Be Battle-Ground to Test British Rule in India
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—"As soon as the snow
on the Afghanistan-Indian frontier begins to melt, a revolution
within India, and an invasion from
without may safely be expected,"
declared an Indian statesman from
the Indo-Afghan frontier, who is
passing through New Tork on hts
way to Europe. It ts aa open secret
that numerous.Indian revolutionists ara now in Russia and Afghan-
lslan, and that Great Britain is
making titanic preparations for tbe
defense of British India," he said.
"Only a few years ago, very few
in the weat knew anything about
Afghanistan," he said. "Today the
eyes of th* world are fixed on .this
country. Why? Because it haa
made an alliance with Soviet Russia, and ln co-operation with that
great republic of the north, is
threatening the very existence ot
British rule in India."
Afghanistan's vast area, her potential army of a million welt-
trained and fully equipped soldiers,
and her invulnerability make her
a formidable foe, said the statesman. He declared that the great
Indignation aroused by the Armlt-
sar massacre is making the Indians
ready to join hands with any powor
that Is willing to break the rule of
the British.
y      THE 44-HOUR WEEK
Australian Worken Seek to Abolish
Saturday Afternoon, Work
Tho most remarkable move of
late ln Australia in connection with
the industrial workers, is the organized move by many of the
unions to ' institute the 44-hour
week, and refuse to work on Saturdays. The move Is something
new in Australian Industrial history. Hitherto, lt has been the custom to place claims for better working conditions before the employers, call a round .table conference,
discuss the proposals and adopt or
reject them as the caSe may be.
The methods now adopted by the
Australian workers are entirely
different. What they are doing Is
to take ballots of the various
unions an'd providing they secure
majority votes—as they are doing^
In all cases—they lay the result before the employers' with the announcement that the union has decided to work only 44 hours per
week, and no work on Saturdays
at all. The employers are staggered by the new methods, but as the
men are quietly enforcing their
new decision, there seems to be no
way out of the taouble but to accept It.
The Australian workers think
that 44 hours per week is enough
tor them, while lt will absorb the
growing unemployment, occasioned
by the return of soldiers from the
war. The men argue that us they
sell their labor by the hour, and
receive payment by the hour, It
cannot very well Injure the employers whether they work 44 or
48 hours per week.
The employers, of course, claim
that the reduced productivity Is a
damage to society, but It has to be
remembered that society has never
been particularly solicitous regard
ing the welfare of the working man
until compelled to, and there Is no
reason why the working man
should consider society. As to the
argument about productivity, *he
workers are taking the stand that
as thn employers have never considered them, the matter of productivity needn't be seriously considered, by the workers, who feel that
when they have produced enough
for themselves, tho time has arrived for them to cease work.
New York—A week of open air
Socialist demonstrations and e
newty rallies Is in prbgress here.
Opening with six giant outdoor
meetings, at which the expulsion
of the five Socialists from the New
York State Legislature, and the release of political prisoners in the
United States were the chief
themes, a series of rallies haVe followed. The five expelled Social
lsts and prominent Labor and So
cialist party leaders are speaking
at the outdoor meetings.
Pasa the Federations* along and
help get new subscribers.
and Miners'
Hi Boote
Vancouver-Made by •
Union Workmen
Woods'   Stitched   Loners'   Boot,.
Made In our own workshop.   The
bost material and workmanship.
Double   Chrome   Vamp*
Stitched soles,  spring  er
ordinary heels.    -
£ *14-50
Tokyo.—Laber organizations In
Tokyo are considering plans tor
jointly observing Mar Dar. Tkis
will be the flrst occasion et lta kind
ln the history ot Japan and leaders
expect to carry out a gigantic dem
onstration to make known their
grievances aot wlshee. Japaneee
Socialists will participate In the
What about renewing your eub.T
You gain
nothing from
—and to deny the pleasure
of good clothes is a wrong
yon do upon yourself
the order explicitly without doing
any thinking." But anyhow, why
the Inconsistency on tho part of
the government nnd tho department of Labor? We are acquainted with the pulley laid down by the
Canadian Railway Association
a government Institution relntlve to
the dealing of said railway association with majority factions of <rn-
ployees; so again we ask, "Why
should a different treatment be
meted out by the govornment und
the department of Lnbor to the
miners of this district than Is being meted out to employees and
workers elsewhere?"
The statement of yours that the
coal director has been not only
Just, but generous by granting thc
different percentages of wago increases elnce April 1st, 1917, Is to
us absurd. The Inprcuses you mention do not alone cover the increase In the high cost of living for
the period you mention, but cover
the Increase in the high cost of
living since 1914, as the only increaso the miners of this district
have had ln wages In addition to
the one you mention Is a 7 per cent.
Increase, granted under the agreement covorlng the period 1915-17.
The cost of living in the Province
of Alberta has increased 111 per,
cent, since 1914; the miners have
had the Increases since then to the
amount of 62 per cent,, so they are
still lagging behind.
The purchasing power of the
Canndlan dollar has decreased' 51
per cent, since 1914, so that ln order for tho miner to lircak even
with the Increase in living since
that time, an increaso in wages
amounting to 105 per cent, should
have been granted.
\ am sir, yours very truly,
H. P. HANHtiX,
Sec, P, O, Box 204.
lou can't afford them?   Few people oan—when forced to par
But—Just as surely as you pay as little as 12 a week for some
unnecessary luxury; that same trivial expenditure—when applied to our simple installment plan—will procure you those
clothes which alone mean the bost of appearance.
Don't wait longer—come. We have everything you can
possibly want in Ladies' and Men's Clothing—on credit
—at a saving.
342 Hastings West
Near Homer
Be consistent and demand the Unloa Stamp oa your boots and
■hoes. The following local Anna are fait to Organlied Labor aad
are worthy of yoar patronage and support:
S, Leckie Co., Ltd., 820 CemWo Stmt.
Harvey Boot Shop, 61 Oordon St. W.—Cuitom Hattnf aai Btpalrs.
W. J. Hoadi, 20 Water Strtet-Oirtom Miking tad Bopairs.
MaciacMan-Taylor Co., 63 Cordova atroot   Wast—Custom Miking
and Bepatra.
Dunsmuir Boot Shop, 531 Dnoimolr Street—Cartom Making aad
"Nodelay"  Sbeo Bopair Company, 1047 Grani-ille Stmt.
Standard Shoe Bepair Shop, 618 Bobioo Street.
M. B. Thorns, 256 Kingaway.
Woods, Ltd., "K" Boot Shop, Oordora aad Haatiafs Street Weil
H. 0. Spaulding, 6971 Fraaer Street, South Vancouver.
O. B. Tona. 1439 Commercial Drive.
F. Wolls. 3761 Mala Stmt
F, Paulsen, 663 Broadway Eaat.
Be progressive, Ur. Shoe Repairer, and get in touch with Secre*
tary Tom Cory, 446 Vernon Drive.
The IM.T. Loggers' Boot
M«u orders pumally imndid le
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Aro Thoroughly Walcrtlfht
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
, Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Pliuiiu Seymour 550 Ilnialrs Dono While Von Walt
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, WodMng Bouquets, Pot Flute
Ornamental aal Shade Trees, Seods, Bulbs, Floriste' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Stnet Bast 728 Oranvlll. street
Beymour 981-672 Seymour MIS
Do You Want to Cut Down Your
Shoe Expense?
A ffreat (actor In reducing shoe expense la yoar shoes' ability
to take a aecond sole and look like new.
That's one bis reason why quality shoos are economical,   They
hold their shape and look well when resoled.
Our shooa are quality shoes and will retain their good looks
in spito of hard sorvice.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
/welfth year, no. H     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb. b. a
FRIDAY...-rt!.- April 23, 192
BOYS' DEPT.—2nd floor    ^_
Next time
look for that
Union Label
The chances live one to a hundred tJiat the Buil you have
on has not a Union label in the pockets. It's not altogether j'oui' fault. No doubt the .store at which you purchased your last Suit did not sell Onion-made Clothes.
This store docs! It's the only Men?s Store in Vancouver
that sells Clothes made by Union, men in Union factories
under Union labor conditions. We give you our unconditional guarantee that these Union-made Clothes arc as
good value in every way—style, quality and tailoring
considered—as any other Clothes made. Don't you think
that it would be good business ou your part to look for
the Union label the next time you buy your Suit?
Price $45, $50, $55, $65 to $75
the Rome of
Put a one-cent stamp on  this
paper and mall lt to a friend.
trntr' >t}JSIL?<)? "l^s
Street *   ^m, f street
East CAP •* East
Will Workers Get
Eight-Hour Day?
(Continued from page 1)
for the workers, they, the workers,
are doing for themselves.
Only a short time ago Major R.
J, Burde, M. P., wns appealing to
Stop the Gouging!
Profiteers arc still on the rampage. Everything that the
■worker needs to eke out a miserable existence is still
shooting skywards. The profiteering craze created by the
war, whereby thousands of new millionaires were made,
is possibly greater today than it' was during thc last days
of thc war. The private owners of thc food and clothing-
producing establishments are not satisfied with the 10 or
20 per cent, profits they used to get prior to the war, they
want 25 and 50 and some of them more than 100 per cent,
yet the vast majority of consumers continue to purchase
their products and support tlieir institutions when there
is no need to. The Co-operative stores and factories are
owned by the consumer aiid all the benefits derived by
that co-operation go directly to the consumer. The pay-.
ment of $5.50 enables any one to become a member and owner
of these co-operative Institutions. This is the weapon that- can
be used to stop this profiteering and gouging. Just as fast us
the workers organize their own producing und retailing establishments, Just so soon will they be in a position to dictate tlie
price they will pay for their necessaries id' life. Get behind the
co-operative movement ln your city. Purchase' ull yuu can from
the stores that are owned hy the consumer Instead of the private
trader. Help make these co-operative institutions the weapons
whereby the worker will not have lo depend upon a parasitic
elass for their livelihood.
We have just received a shipment of goods from onr own factories ln Oreat Britain.  Here ure sonic of them:
Silver Badge Cocoa, per tin 25c
Carbolic Soap, per bar  25c
Laundry Soap, Co-op. cleaner, per liar 20c
Naptha Soap, this is cheaper by weight than Fels.
2 bars for 35c
Soft Soap, C. W. S. make, per tin 30c
And a Division in the Profits
Central Store:  41 Peixler st, W., name Sey. 4»:i
North Vancouver Branch: Mount Crown Block, I'lfst strwt Kast
Phone sin
New Westminster Branch:  811—Slh Street, I'lwnc 1.">H2
$50 to $75
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
the law makers In Victoria, B. C,
on behalf of the down-trodden
workers in the employ of the Whalen Company, as lhe following article, which appeared in the Daily
Province newspaper of February
23, will show:
Alleges Drudgery in Sawmill LkIhh*
Aftor making the statement that
he had been Informed his bill would
never pet through the house, Major
R. J. Burde, soldier member for
Alberni, explained his stand upon
the proposed bill, which seeks to
limit the hours of laborers In sawmills and similar places. Tie said it
wn.s not common Knowledge that
whito men were working 12 hours
per day In the pulp aed paper mill
of the Whalen Company in the Como:; district. This was true, he
said, and lie would like it, understood that Ills bill would he equally
effective in cheeking up men who
were willing to work extra hours
for the money they made out of it,
as it would be in forcing employers
to reduce the hours of labor.
Major Burde spoke of the workers In Isolate^ districts, saying that
they were unablo to organize and fo
had to meet unfnir conditions. Jle
spoke of laborers rising early tn the
morning, eating a "Pilirlous" breakfast by lantern light and then tolling until past dark in the evening.
Drudgery was the only applicable
term, he maintained, and relief
should be provided.
"Wc have lost sight of humane
progress," he said, "when we allow
men tn drudge for 10 and 12 hours
a day to make a living." '
lion. Mr. Farris adjourned tho
Major Burde, however, with all
his appeal to the sentiment of these
law givers, on behalf of the downtrodden workers, waa unable to
move them, for they failed to pass
the much needed legislation, and
apparently no legislation will be
passed along these lines until the
workers In the employ of the hip
Interests hecome organized strongly
enough to he able to enforce the
8-hour day for themselves.
When this Is dono, then thc big
Interests, in order lo protect themselves from the competition of tlie
small mill owners, who muy possibly
be able to find a few unorganised
mill workers who are still willing
to operate his mill on a 12 hour
shift, will go to these law makers
and demand that they pass legislation, they will then eome out to the
workers at election time and try to
fool them onee again by telling
them that It was ln their interest
that they passed the 8-hour law,
The workers, however, are becoming wise to the tricks of these
wily politicians and arc- beginning
to realize the value of being organized on the job and linked up
with all their fellow-workers in
One Big Uninn, wliich the rani; and
file of the workers themselves control.
Tricky Business
Over Labor Temple
(Continued from page 1)
state, and that he would submit It
to the directors.
Preeldent Mldgley roported as to
his attendance at the nieeting of
the general executive board in
Winnipeg. Hp stnted that he had
also attended lho meeting of the
Dofense, conference held In that
eity, anti that 13. Robinson had beon
requested to attend and explain
certain statements attributed lo
him as to the money being spent for
purposes other than which they
were raised for. lie, however, did
not otteml, but sent a letter denying that he had made the statements. He also reported that tbere
Mas a rumor current in AVinnipeg
to thc effect that Russbll hnri been
offered his release on signifying
his willingness to leave the country,
or cease to lake an nctivo pml in
the labor movement, whicb l.o.iseH
had refused, tie also reportod as
to Inning seen the men in goftt, and
that they were cheerful, and urged
'.ho members to write to thetr fellow-Workers now imprisoned.
Five delegates were appointed to
attend tlie meeting of the May Day
celebration committee meeting at
3 p. m. on Sundny.
A special plea for the support of
tho ftxct'lsior Laundry, the only
union laundry In thc city, was nnule
by one ot tho dsiogfitOJJ, \bn stated
that Chit Vorkers In this laundry
wore members of the O. B. U, Secretary Campbell reportod lhat a
Finnish local nf lhe O. B, U. had
been organized and that this unit
would meet ef cry second und fourth
Quotes Karl Marx and
Stands by Socialist
The "Western Workers" of Aprtt
ICth, of which J. E. Snyder is editor, lias published 3. D. Doleon's
opening statements to the jury in
Judge Quiim's court.
The trial is raking on the snme
aspects as which had been going
on in Winnipeg for the last six
montbs. Comrade Dolson is defending his own case, taking the
same stand as that of W. A, Prltchard, Armstrong and others—
that is no lawyer can place before
the jury the Socialist ideals.
The defendant throughout the
case has tried to place the propaganda of thc International Socialist
before the jury, as well as those
who crowd the court room dally.
Your representative attending
the court one day last week in the
city of Oakland, had the pleasure
of seeing the stand the comrade
had taken in his own defense. Comrade Dolson at the time was reading a pamphlet on the Husslan situation by Mr, Prico, correspondent
for tho Manchester Guardian, when
the Judge interrupted by saying,
that although this was very interesting reading, he could not see
what this had to do with the case.
The defendant in his reriiarks to
the court reminded the judge that
he had been placed under arrest
for having in his possession literature that was poisoning the minds
of the American people, and that
thc organization he belonged to was
formed to overthrow tho present
government. Py roading the booklet he would let the jury decide
whether or not this was correct.
The. judge begged his pardon, and
mentioned the fact that het hoped
that he did not cause the reader to
lose his place.
Chapter after chapter taken front
Marx and other works on socialism
are being read, and is no doubt already showing the effects on thc
minds of those who are attending
the court dally.
Judge Quinn, who has received
so much publicity in the "Nation"
lately over the "Whitney" trial, is
also sitting on thc Dolson case.
The judge Is again up for re-election, and seems to be taking a very
different stand in this case. Perhaps the writings in the "Nation"
had something to do wltlv it, but
only time will tell.
The o. B, U. is making big headway In the big cities. Hundreds »»f
dissatisfied slaves have takon out
cards in the. past month, The seeretary with his men under bim are
taking every advantage of labor
conditions to bring the 6. B. U. in
touch with the workers. Seeretary
C.lenday hns informed me that the
shipbuilders were ready to join up,
but had refused to take any aetion
with them so long as the American
Federation haa anything to do with
lt, in case that the boss might une
the same tactics that were put into
use in Winnipeg,
The railroad men are standing
pat, although the press l;i telling
the public that the. men are going
A bit of information that might
be of'interest to the reuders of the
Federationist is thut although the
shipyard men have beon out pluce
last October, and receive only a
umall strike pay, donated to them
by the other unions—the business
agents ure, and have bean receiving
their full wages since the strike.
This nn doubt sooner or later will
have some effect on the working
cla^s in this city, where the Catholic
church has a strong hold on thc organized unions.
American Business Journal Greets Russia for
Its Trade
New Tork—The following advertisement appeared in a recent
number of the Journal of Commerce, a Wall street trade journal:
To the Soviet government of
Hail!! Hall!!
Hail to the dawn of coming business relations with Soviet Russia!
To American business this means
the greatest opportunity ever offered in our commercial history.
You. have the platinum, the
hides, the flax, the bristles and untold mineral wealth.
You are rich, fabulously rich in
natural resources.
Hold your platinum—your flax—
your bristles—your hides and skins.
AVe need them all in our vast manufacturing industries.
S. A.
American machinery is SUPREME and our large factories
are BETTER equipped to furnish
you with agricultural machinery,
locomotives, steel rails and auto
trucks, so necessary in the development of your rich resources and
to furnish you with clothing, shoes
and food for your 170,000,000 people.
And when the flrst ship sails for
Petrograd we will have on board
thousands of pairs of made-in-U.
S. A. dependable hosiery*
Newly Formed   Party
Makes Big Headway
In Illinois
Chicago—Inspired by the example of the victorious Labor Party
in Clinton, Sioux City, Waterloo,
Burlington anil other Iowa cities,
the workers of Illinois got busy on
April 6, and put themselves ou the
map by carrying the second largest
eity in the state, and a score of
other towns where the Labor Party
was pitted against the old party
East St. Louis,  next to Chicago
to  aho,  elected  all candidates  by
j majorities of from fi00 to 700.
I    Belleville   in   the   same   county
elected all  but two aldermen.
The candidates In Harrlsburg
were successful, the full ticket be-
ing carried by a majority of li',0.
I Also In Eldorado, all candidates
j wen by a majority, of 220 against
the combined, efforts of both old
The town uf Equality, which was
organized just In time to get ont
the' ballot', elected two candidates.
| All ollici's except that for a.*wessor
'• were Avon by the Labor Party In
1 lliverton. The Georgetown Labor
i Party carried on a clear-cut issue
I against (he Republican Party. The
town had been rock-ribbed Repub-
. lio&>i till six yeail. ago.
Four aldermen, an assessor and
four assistant supervisors were
elected by the Labor Party In
GaleSburg, white in Centralla every
candidate except one was elected,
All Ten  Winnipeg Men
Will Be Provincial
Winnipeg.—The ten men whom
the Winnipeg. -Labor Party and
adHlatcd organizations \\ill nominate as candidates for city seats al
the provincial elections iu July will
Labor Parly—Rev. Wm. Ivens,
F. J. Dixon, M. L. A., and J. S,
Woodsworth of Vancouver.
.Socialist Party—It. B. Russell,
W. A. Pritchard of Vancouver, R.
J. Johns and Goorge Armstrong.
Ex-Soldiers and ex-Sailors' Labor
Party—R, }_. Bray and John Farnell,
Social Democratic Party—Aid.
John Queen.
Buy at a union store.
Look for tbe Red Front
Sey. 3481 Sey. 8226
The Market that saves
you money and a place
that you can do your
shopping wi'th the greatest confidence.
Our aim is to please
you, and you are always
welcome, no matter if you
buy or uot.
The Most Extraordinary
Bargain Department in
the Shopping World
Flooded with odd nntl discontinued lines—hundreds
of superbly tflilorcdsffarmeiits at 25 per cent, to 35
pev (tout, less t It an their normal values.
At leu^st half tbat price-yon must pay t.lsewhcrc for gar-'
ments tbat only approach ihem In flu alt ty—because the
normal eost of any Pamouj. produot means a saving to you
of at least one-quarter of every dollar you spend.
Visit our wonderful Hnrgnln Department/—come frequently—lot
nn opportune feature of nen display pass your attention,
Kear OiutUU
T. A. Barnard Brings a
Message Back From
"Winnipeg Today" is something
to be glad about, according to the
accounts brought baek by Tom
Barnard, after a trip east, during
which he spent several days in the
'Peg and even got .inside the pen—
on falso pretences apparently, as a
member of tho chOir which went to
serenade the prisoners at Easter.
At Sunday night's nieeting at tho
Royal, he admitted he went to the
prairie city with fear and trembling, but found the talk handed out
at big protest meetings there "Just
about as extravagant ■ as ever I
spoke; in my life," and the audience
of five or six thousand showing
"wonderful response to the speakers;" • ■
Comrade Barnard said" that he
spoke at several'meetings there, one
being that of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Labor Party, now the biggest
organization of returned men in
Winnipeg—an'd most of them wearing the button of the O. B. U.
Though he stayed with them till
about 10 o'clock, he knew nothing
of* the "splits" among them, as reported by the press, At the com'
ing elections in July, they were go-
lug to take exactly the eame position as they did last June. Though
keeping their own separate, ofgani-
tion, Instead of fusing with the
labor jjarly in general, they assured
him it was only for .the sake of
greater efficiency as part- of the
labor movement. Meanwhile another returned men's organization
there hod dwindled from 9,000 to
about one-tenth of that number.
Comrade Barnard also spoke enthusiastically of the -labor church
at Winnipeg, with its thirteen
branches and 3,000 childron under
instruction. There was "no wor
ship or trying to prepare yourself
for another world;" they were
"honestly trying to mnke thiB world
a fit place to live In." (Applause).
The children were of mixed parentage—"Italy, Germany, Austria,
Fhince, Rnglnd, Scotland, and even
the map of Ireland" were in evidence on their faces, and it was being impressed on them all that they
were up against a system that had
got lo be rhanged. I some times
wonder if it isn't a waste of lime
to try to convert nn old man who
will soon be in his grave—while
you've so many children around
who will soon fill their places."
At-the Columbia theatre he entered amid a storm of applause,
which surprised him, till he discovered it was Woodsworth they
Were shouting at. "In July he'll
be elected to the legislature in
Manitoba," he ventured. There
were about 700 at this meeting and
a similar number turned away for
want of room; and there were thirteen meetings like that going at
one time. Tlie speaker had some
diffidence in undertaking to address
them( as his own religious attitude
was nt present not very definite;
but they assured htm this was no
obstacle, and he never spoke to u
more responsive audience In tils
life. The recont prosecutions and
persecutions had welded them together as never beforo.
With reference to the comrades
then awaiting r^nteiioe; he found
"not one of them down-hearted—
not one bit." They were only disturbed about the kind of bonks
they were going to have to read, as
the chaplain was to have the choosing of them. He did not see Russell, who hud been at once promoted as "master mechanic;" but he
was able to say that Russell would
"refuse to eome out with any
strings on." (Applause). He
would come out without strings, or
would stay in and serve his sentence. The people ut Winnipeg,
however, seemed'satisfied he would
be set at liberty. "It's the best
thing that ever happened to Winnipeg," Barnard insisted. He would
be surprised if the workers didn't
win at least eight seats out of 10 at
the elections.
■".What are we going to do here?"
was the next consideration. "It is
tlnie wo tried to do something
here besides find what we. can
quarrel about." Those iu power
appeared to live in fear and trembling, Judging hy their recent actions, "but they don't need to worry
—not one bit—till you hnng together a damned sight better than
you ever did yet." Financier White
had been suying things, were
"steadying down nicely;" the speaker suggested that meant the workers were becoming traitors to
the men who voiced their sentiments and got locked up—that
they would go back liko little children Into their holes and there
would bc no more trouble White
said the people were "sound of
heart nnd head;" Barnard suggested a block of wood might be much
lho same.
After quoting at largo from the
"Province" and other authorities
to show how things in Armenia,
Germany, Turkey, Ireland, Italy,
nnd tho world in general were
"settling down," the speaker referred to White's further remark as to
the "Better 'Ole," and the fact that
thousands were leaving this side for
Kurope every week, while millions
of others were desirous, but unable
to get there. "Evidently they've
found a better 'Ole in Europe," ho
said. Over a million In the United
States wanted to go back to Russia,
In Canada, howevor, they had Met-
ealfs Interpretation of the law "In
harmony with the mental attitude
of the workera," In Denmark the
people quit work and the government quit, too. "That's thc way
you'll have to do here, if you want
to get ria of them."
In concluding, Comrade Barnard
hit out at the vaccination business,
or "shooting rotten cow" into children's arms. If anybody did it to
his hoy, he said, there'd be a funeral. He was also disgusted that
they should allow one of the biggest labor ftiklrs to go to Ottawa to
represent labor—and not one word
of protest. As to the liquor referendum, he would "rather have a
mnn full of good literature than of
had whisky." Tho literature was
un hand; ho urged them to get lt,
digest it, and then hand It on to the
other fellow. While in Russia they
had production tor use and tbe
most contented peoplo in tho world.
The Specialty Boot
for men that is the '
best value in the west
In genuine calf—mti*\ leather sole*—fiiilslicd with a rubber
heel that means walking ease.
40 styles to choose from, d* 1 A
A straight price .....'.   V 1"
Mothers should sec the values offered in Boys' School Shoes.
Bring tiie boy in—yoar dollar goes
fartfter here than anywhere else—
and the young fellow will be
Make those soles last longer. Let us flt your shoes with Phillips'
Unitary fioles and Heels—for Men and Boys.   Pay for themselves in wear. Put on while you wait,
Cornett Bros. & Clarke, Ltd.
here they hnd white slavery nnd
every other kind of slavery. "The
system Is committing Bulcide," he
urged; "why not kill It outright?"
If the One Big Union Is dead, as
some of the International officers
say it is, what on earth do they keep
flogging it for.
Tlie Canada Cement Compan
and tho Royal Canadian Mounte
Polico oie agitated over the fa<
that the O. B. V. he* had th
audacity to penetrate Into Bxshav
Alta. Over 100 men have card
and the company has begun t
make improvements.
the easy
It's Easy
to be well dressed even In these
days of high prires, once you know
the secret.. Wo accept a SMALL
DEPOSIT on lhe artielo you desire
—then you may pay the balance a
littlo at a time while you are wearing the garment.
This stock comprises the latest
and best in MEN'S, \VOMEN*S.iuid
children's clothing,. To., be .. well
■ dressed -is a big help toward social
or business success. All business
Is strictly confidential, aud remem-
'.'6.nr. Wears .Wear Whew.  Wpflr'^ ,\V.ai|led"
Opposite Province Olllce
Phono Se)'.  liltfl
Big Clearance
Mr. Bruce finds entirely too nint'li
stock—nnd there nre over fiOO soils yet
to come, lie's cutting down—selling
out all the surplus.
His sale is genuine—all reductions
aro real.    ,
If you know the stock at all you'll
see this is right.
PATH QUALITY SUMS—not the best, hut good-
selling regularly at $27.10, 130 and        *Q |   jj/\
$36     most ot tliein are $30
A BIG GROUP OP SCITS that are really good. They
were extra good value ns jolts are now at $40 anil
.45.   They were marked at these      &OQ  tif_
pricos, They're in one group
worth to $70 for .,
ALL OVERALLS—Curhorts, Twin Bute, (1 rent West,
Hull Dob, Great Mogul—Stripes or «n ng
plain; choico*    VwlvD
Successor to Jonah-Prat ■
Cor. Hastings and Homer Sts.


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