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BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Federationist Apr 27, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
$2.50 PER YEAR
Delegate to   Moscow WiU
Give Views on Soviet
Pension  Scheme  Dropped
When Firm Is Bought
Address May Day Meeting
At Clinton Hall
May 1st
About a month ago, on the 23rd
of March, to be precise, several organizations, Including the American Constitutional League, the Massachusetts
Public Intereat League, the Woman's
Patriotic Publishing Company, and
other bodies that deny that there ls
any class struggles, laid charges
against all the well-known workers
who have recently visited Russia,
either na delegates to the Congresses!
of the Communist International, and
the Red International of Labor
Unions, or as the representatives of
the Friends of Soviet Russia.'
The charges flled with Harry M.
Daughtrey, nttornoy general for the
United Statos, have for their object
"to cut the lino of corpmunlcattons
and supply between Red leaders in the
Unitod States, and .Communists in
Moscow," and Include Cannon, Ruth-
onberg, Bill Dunne, Rose Pastor
Stokes, J. L. Ergdahl, all of the
Workers Party of America; and Frank
P. Walsh, Paxton Hibben, Charles
Recht of the Friends of Soviet Russia.
Othors named are Max Eastman, of
the Liberator; Claude Maekay, the
nogro poet; Hulet M. Wells, and Anna
Louise Strong (Ant.se), of Seattle, ~~'1
Albert Rhys Williams.
Whether Russia has gone back to
capitalism, as our scientific friends
would have Us believo or not, actions
such as this still point a guiding finger
to indicato the direction In which thc
best interests of Ibe workers lies.
This form of persecution has not
yet reached ub in Canada, but the time
may not be far distant. The three
Canadian delegates might never have
been there, so far as the capitalist
press and patriotic organizations are
One of the three, Comrade Spector,
will speak in the Columbia Theatre.
Vancouver, on Sundny night, and will
also address a mass meeting in the
Clinton Hall, on tho ovening of May
1. Comrade Spector is one of the
finest speakers ln Canada today. He
is gifted with powers of observation
much above tho average, and is well-
qualified to explain to tbe workers of
Vancouver what is the full significance
to the working class of the whole
world. Every wage earner who feols
the galling yoke of capitalist harness,
should be there.
Love Feast Brand of Cooperation Proves a
Every reader of Tho Foderationist
can render valuable nssistanco by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they nro due, nnd by inducing another
worker to subscribe. It docs not take
much effort to do this.   Try lt.
Union Men Want to Improve
the Music in City
The Musicians Union, In the Interest
of good music for Vancouver's citizens,
has offered to give dollar for dollar
with the Parks Board for music in
the public parks during the summer
months. *.
This proposal was made oa Tuesday
to the Parks Board by E. C. Miller
and E. Jamleson, representing the
Musicians local. The proposal ls that
if the Parks Bourd will devote tho
sum of $2000 for concerts In tho parks,
the Musicians Union will donate a
similar sum.
The union bands are: The 72nd, the
29th, Rowlands, the O.W.V.A. and
the 1st, Battalion Irish Fusiliers.
' The representatives of tho Musicians
Union when making the otter to the
Parks Board, pointod out that while
Vancouver boasted of the best theatre
orchestras In the country, the quality
of the music was poor, because of the
fact that the bands were small. The
union desired to lmvrovo tho standard
of tho city bands, and the proposnl
was well received by the commissioners and referred to the committee for
[By C. A. Moaeley]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Another substitute for unions has
blown up.
In speaking of corporation pension
schemes for their employees, the author of An Introduction to the Study
of Labor Problems, says: "The movement is the result of a growing conviction that such schemes stabilize the
working force and that employees who
have served the company for a considerable length of timo are justly entitled to a pension in their declining
No doubt the employees of Morris &
Co., meat packers, wero to an extent,
"stabilized" through the pension plan
which that company introduced some
years ago. At least they were unorganized. Such schemes have been
heralded by the love feast brand of social reformers, by the press and pulpit,
by Rotarlans and KKvanlans, as a
tableau in whicb the lion and the lamb
lay down together, while a little manager of personnel led them.
Now comes the obverse side of thc
shield. Morris & Co. have sold out
thcir interests to Armour & Co., and
tho lattor company assumes no responsibility In connection with tho pensioners of thc Morris Company. These
pensioners include men who have
grown old ln tbe service, and the widows of men who have accidentally
butchered themselves instead of a hog.
They face old age without an income.
The Morris family, taking the securities they bave received as a result ol
the merger, have washed their hands
alike of the scent of the scent of the
stockyards and Ihe obligations of paternalism.
It is truo that the Morris family,
fooling some sting of conscience, have
donated a half million dollars toward
the pension fund, enough to caro for
the payments for only Iii to 18 months,
Then tho pensioner, receiving the sums
they have paid into the fund, plus 4
por cent, compound Interest, will be
free to retire in poverty as the Morris
family have retired In wealth. Which
goes to prove that there are no classes
in America.
The active employees of Morris &
Co. are bIbo stung. Some of them
have almost reached the age when
they would have been retired under
the pension system which has vanished. Armour & Co. will give credit for
only 11 y_ years the pension system
for the former employeos of Morris,
who may continue In the service of
Armour. Then that too vanishes. And
these workers, who relied on paternalism, have no union behind them.
Thus ends another bunko game.
But in the meantime—and let us not
forget this fact—tho working force
was stabilized. Now It can make a
sudden descent to normalcy the normalcy of Individual bargaining, without the union they might have had,
and minus the paternalism which the
Morris family maintained during the
time when the labor problem was
theirs and not the Armour's.
Having stabilized the working force
during Its active years, lt ls now easy
to forget that "the employees who
have served the company for a considerable length of time are Justly on-
titled to a pension in their old age."
Returning again to the author quot
ed above: "The movement has not
been strikingly successful on account
of the fact that there ls a marked element of uncertainty."
International Labor Day Pregnant with Hope for the
Aspirations of the Militant Section of the
Working Class.
MAY DAY, to our ancestors at no very far distant past carried with it ideals that we, in this generation of sordid hukstcring have becomo completely emancipated from. Just as Christmas heralded
the re-birth of the year, so the May morning betokened the conquest of hoary Winter, the approach of
the glad days of Summer and thc full tide of life.
The customs and traditions of days when the race still possessed some traces of individuality are
unimaginable in these days of depressing machine psychology, with its mental immobility and remorseless grind. If some young female employee of the American Can Co. or the B. C. Sugar Refinery, bewitched by the artistry of the past, should attempt to lave her maidenly features in the dew
of the First of May, a board of medical practitioners would immediately be appointed to investigate
her mental condition.
May Day Still Holds Hopes
To insurgent Labor however, with that instinct that always carries it back to the time when slavery
was not, May Day is still pregnant with the hopes and aspirations that will save the race from the
demoralizing effects of ages long slavery.
On that day we reach the dividing line between thc hideous past and the resplendent future. It
is to us the end of one fiscal year and the beginning of another. We cast up the figures in the profit
and loss column in our ledger and find what profit the year has brought us.
How then does this year differ from last and from the others that went before? Our viewpoint is
international; we are not limited by national barriers or village pump necessities. Firstly, in the
column of losses, what do we find? Fascism rampant, extending its sphere of operations and growing
stronger; whether we call it Mussolini or Horthy, Pilsudsld or Poincare is a matter of little moment.
White Guar dism Develops
Since the outbreak of revolution, when the workers overthrew the  ruling class in Russia, White
Guardism has developed all the jungle characteristics hitherto hidden by the mask of civilized culture.
No sooner had the workers abandoned the attitude of timid despondency,  of dumb  inarticulate
beasts, (ind dared to breathe the spirit of revolution than there descended upon them the fear-born
atrocious vengeance of a parasitical class sensing its privileges slipping from out its grasp.
This year that has gone has seen no let up, but rather au intensification of this aggressive activity. In Italy, triumphant counter-revolution is in full control. In a few weeks reeently 800C
members of the Communist Pai'ty have been dragged into thc Star Chambers of Mussolini to bo sub
jected to tortures worse than the inventive genius of the Spanish Inquisition ever devised. And thc
I'ope has not yet protested. Every day almost, sees workers shot down in the streets of Germany.
French nationalism shows its fangs, through a malevalcnee that beclouds its intellect. To be a Communist in Poland or any of the other upstart Republics and decadent monarchies on the Russian border, is to court persecution. India and Africa provided us during the year with examples of majestic
vindictiveness that do not at all coincide with the solemn disquisitions wo were wont to hear on
British "justice."
The Other Side ,
Then what of the other side? Is fliere anything hopeful in the condition of old Europe, standing
on the threshold of hunger 'and famine; is thc ragged mantle of Empire any longer capable of protecting its wearer from the surly blast of revolutionary weather"
Undoubtedly the product of the political melting pot gives substantial grounds for hope.
Soviet Russia today is more stable than at any time since 1917, an object lesson to all the worlds'
workers, inspiring them, with energy and encouraging them in every way their efforts towards emancipation from   capitalistic domination.
In all countries the^liberal democratic forms arc being supplanted by Socialist idealism. Social
Democracy in Germany, Austria, Poland and Czeciio-Slovakia, Labor Pal'tyism fn Englund, the presence of Branting and Vandervelde in the service of thc Swedish and Belgian kings is the result
of this political condition.
This does not mean that captalism is overthrown; it is only a tendency, but it has developed during
thc past year to such an extent that the capitalists act as though they already felt, the scorching
flames of world revolution. This is the source of all their bloody and cowardly barbarity and the magnitude of repression is the measure of the development of revolutionary spirit among the workers.
So on May Day this year we start with the knowledge that ours is the winning cause. We learn as
we go. Just as modern warfare is waged by wide-awake technicians who are quick to change their
tools and their methods, so we must be prepared to conform to such changes as confront us.
Capitalism is crumbling, but it will not fall without some help. Let us then lend what aid wc can.
Then next May Day may see a Workers' Republic whose boundaries arc not confined to Soviet Russia.
Things are Improving, but
Aid Is Still
Maternity Hospitals Established for Workers'
Figures Describe Appalling
Conditions of
Beet    Industry    Exploits
Children Ten Years
of Age
New York—Representatives of more
than 160,000 workers here pledged
themselves, at a meeting at the Italian
Chamber of Labor, to active opposition to Fascism ln America and support for the working men tn Italy who
have been made victims of the black
shirt terror. The conference was attended by delegates not only from
Italian Labor organisations, but from
mnny other Labor unions. It waB decided to organize n large standing
committee to direct the work. The
Italian Chamber of Labor will provide funds for the publication of a
semi-monthly bulletin on the situation.
You may wish to help The Federationist, Yon can do so by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending" fai the subscription of your friend
or neighbor.
Vote for the  Labor Representation  Committee's
Candidates 'on Saturday, April 28th
R. E. RIGBY and H. E. REES
Label Trades Committee will
Aid Striking Cigarmakers
The Union Label League dance, held
last Friday ln the Alexandra Pavilion
was one of the beat social events of
the Labor movement of the season.
Tho competition In tbe whlHt drive
wns keen, and two ladles tied for the
second prize, and decided by a draw
of cards. The winners of the prizes
were as follows: First, ladles, Mrs.
Knowles, the 2nd going to MIhs Maekay, while Mrs. Cory, who had the
same score, was eliminated on the
draw. The 1st men's prize was won
by . D. Gow; the 2nd by M. W. Buck,
and the consolation prizes were won
by Mrs. H. Clark and T. Barnes.
Hecognlzing the struggle which the
local union clgarmakers have had to
face during the past two years, the
committee has decided to bold a benefit dance for them, on Friday, May 4.
The clgarmakers have been locked
out for about two years, and have
never appealed to the organized Labor movement of Vancouvor during
that period, but the committee, recognizing the struggle that these men
have made for union conditions,
decided that the time was opportune
to render assistance. Many local
unions have taken books of tickets,
and each organization is Loins appealed to render assistance to thc striking
Everyone entering the hall on the
4th will be presented with a souvenir,
and fifteen prizes will be given away,
over and nbove the whist prizes.
Ladysmith Miners form Lo*
cal of United Mine
Another instance of the revival of
the organizing spirit of the miners on
Vancouver Island, was In evidence last
Sunday at Ladysmith, when at a well
attended meeting, It was decided to
form a local of tbe United Mine Workers of America.
This is the third coal mining camp
hlch has decided on this course, and
Nanalmo, South Wellington and Ladysmith are now In the elans of coal
camps where tho workers are organizing.
Advices from the points referred to
indicate that In thc near future, thc
minors will be ns well organized as
they were ln 1912, previous to thc big
strike, and that the conditions which
brought about thc Cumberland disaster will, by organized effort, be dono
away with.
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Fedorationist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Berkeley, Cal.—A recent Ku Klux
Klan initiation brought out tho fire department. The k kinsmen planted
tbeir fiery cross too near their pillowcase regnliit. and the result was a
conflagration tlmt was not Intended,
and that brought tbe secret "naturalization" to public attention. The
knights then claimed they had official
permission to use public ground for
their initiation, but Ibis is denied by
the authorities.
Tho greatest assistance thnt the
renders of The Foderntionist can render ub nt tliis time, lg by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so yon
spread tho news of the working clans
movement and assist us.
April 27(h to May -llh
FRIDAY, April 27—Milk Salesmen and Dairy lamployeea;
Plumbers and steamfltters,
SUNDAY. April 29-—Typographical Union.
MONDAY, April 80—Eloctrical
■ Workers, No. 310; Structural
Iron Workers; Labor Representation Committoe; Federal
Labor Union.
TUESDAY. May I—Trades and
Labor  Council,   Clgarmakers,
Stone (Milters.
WEDNESDAY, Mny 2—Plasterers, Hoot and Shoe Workers, Photo Krigi-avers.
THURSDAY, May 8—Machinists, No. IXL'; Garment Workers. Steam and Oporating Engineers,   No.   844;   Tnilors.
U. S. Representative Says
It Is Only Way to
Save Far East
[By   Mildred   Morris]
(Federated Pross Correspondent)
Washington—The United States
must recognize Russia lo save lhe Far
East from Japanese domination.
This Is the warning of Charles Smith
American representative with John V.
Stevens, engineer, on the former Interallied commission on tbe Chinese
Eastern Railroad, and authority on
affairs in the Orient
The Russian people are now the
strongest nation in the world," he declares fn a lettor to Senator Hiram
Johnson of California.
Russia's recuperation, ho emphasizes, is the chief obstacle to Japan's
Imperialistic ambitions, pointing out
that Japan's only hope to establish
herself 111 Siberia lies In Russia's distraction b.v some Kurnpean entanglement. To carry out her alms she is
"trying lo utilize all possibilities, such
os ('hang Tzo Lin, the remains of the
Russian White Guards, lbe Chinese
Eastern Railroad, or any other combinations," Smith warns,
Chang Tzo Lin is the Chinese reactionary leader, exposed by the Far
Eustern delegation horo as Japan's
Smith Is now in Russia. Learning
that several United States senators
contemplated visits to Russia, he
wrote those whom he knew, urging
them lo enter via tho Orient In order
to gain Ilrst hand knowledgo of tbe
Importance of Siberia and of Japanoso
ambitions there.
Following is an oxtracl from his
lotter to Senator Borah:
"I have studied ihe Far ISaslorn
effect upou all Par IQastorn affairs
'|iienl|oi. and I have followed every
step of Japan. I am firmly convinced
that ll is the aim of Japan to control
from Baikal to the mouth of lhe Amur
RlVor,     She   would   like   nlso   lo   Hike
under hor control Kamchatka nnd tbe
entire  Hunting const.     If Ihe  United
Suite*   should   rocognlr.C   Russia,   lhe
would lie great.
"Tho Chineso Eastern Railroad l«.
ns OVOr before, the key to the whole
situations The sooner the Russians
recoivo It back, the botter It will be
for nil nations, except Japan. Wo,
representing America here, hnve always snld thnt the road Is Russian nnd
[By Anise]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Kharkov, Russia—I was having dinner at the home of President Rakov-
skl of the Ukraine, when Mme, Ka-
kovski invited me to go with her to
inspect some children's homes for
which she acts as Inspector in addition to her Job as housewife to the
I saw many clean, well organized
Institutions—a maternity hospital
which cares exclusively for the wives
of workers, who are entitled to lt
through their husband's Insurance; a
day nursery, exquisitely arranged, of
which I was told there are ten in
Kharkov, besides those run by the larger factories, and those run by the department of education for older children. r
"We can supply all the demand
that has arisen so far among working
mothers for this accommodation,"
said Mme. Rakovski.
But the picture that remains with
me longest is tho house of the syphilitic children on the edge of Kharkov.
When first I saw the poor little
wretches on the lower floor, sitting so
patiently, with bandages across their
noses or horrible sores on their heads
—I wondered lf it would not be kinder
for an unsentimental government to
take them to a chloroforming room
"They are under constant treatment," said the doctor. "Upstairs you
will see how they improve."
I saw tho children upstairs. The
sores were gono under tho wonderful
specific treatment. Thoy were still
pale und rather tired looking, for the
poison waB not yet out of their systems, but they wore no longer a danger to those around them.
Aud then 1 saw thom dancing—folk
dances of the Ukraine. One little girl
was liko a fairy in the charming solo
dance she gave to thc delight of the
others. 1 heard thein singing, clustered round the piano which was played by ono of the attendants. They
wore cheerful little souls, eager for
living. And 1 marvelled at the devotion that had created such a centre of
human joy out of so much degradation.
I went nearer -to ihe piano, Tho
music was all written out painfully hy
bund. "We have not yet been able to
afford printed music," they told me.
Those were the conditions of want In
which lhat home had been created,
"Everything Is so much hotter than
a yeur or two ago," said Mme. Rakovski. "When I think of eonditlons then
—the heating systems broken, and the
water pipes frozen, nnd the children
so cold without underwear or shoes—
now, the clothes arc- poor, hm at least
thoy are clean and warm. We huve
coal for six months nhciid. We lack
mainly enough food for proper noui'
ishmont, for all our institutions nr
still on scanty rations. Tell the friends
outside to give us tbnt. If not, wc
shall perhaps do better after next harvest. The Improvements of the past
give us great hope for the future.
[By Mildred Morris]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Washington—Cold facts and figures
eloquently describe the appalling conditions among the child slaves of the
beet fields as set forth In a survey of
two of the three principal beet growing areas in the United States, made
public by the department of Labor.
Four-fifths of the working children
In the States covered by the report—
Colorado and Michigan—are loss than
14 years old, and one-fourth are less
than 10. A large -proportion of the 6
and 7-year-old children ln the families Interviewed and three-fifths of tbe
8-year-olds have labored In the beet
fields. One mother casually related,
as if describing a common custom,
that her child had worked "ever since
ho could lift a beet."
In two Colorado counties 1072 children and 454 mothers and in parts of
throe Michigan counties, 763 children
and 397 mothers, were included in the
During the thinning process, 86%
of those In Michigan, work from 9 to
14 hours a day. According to many
teachers, tho children return to school
at thc closo of the bcot harvest too
tired to study. Attendance among thc
beet working children Is from 20 to
30 per cent, loss than that of non-
working children, and most of the former aro behind their normal grades.
The beet laborers' families occupy
any kind of shelter available for temporary use. Overcrowding Is extreme.
Tho families live in tlie boot shacks
live or six months out of a year.
Tho report citos tho low earnings of
lho average laborer's family. With
father, mother and children working,
tlie largest groups of families In each
of tho areas surveyed earn from $800
to $1000 a yoar. Half or the Colorado
families and Iosb than half of tho Michigan families earn $1000 or more.
Huving a child in the fields, lf he is
engaged in all thc processes, nets the
family about $200 In Colorado; in
Michigan, from $114 to $122 for a
The report gives ns a remedy for
the conditions R describes adequate
school attendance laws and co-operation on tlio part of the parents.
Fedrniicd Labor Muss Meeting
A mass meeting of the Federated
Labor Union, to be bold Monday, April
30, at 8 p.m., room f>, 319 Pender St.
Wost. Important business—all mombers expected to attend. Applications
Io Join the union will be received. This
is an opportunity for every laborer to
join tho trnde union movement.
Seattle—Two thousand miners of
Distriel No. 10, U. M. W., nre on strike
here against a threatened decrease of
$1,60 a day for miners paid by the
day. Although only 500 coal diggers
wcro afToeted by th proposed cut, the
other 1500 refused to countenance the
reduction and downed tools unanimously. Camps at Roslyn, Cle Elum
and Tono, union strongholds, are
closed down. President Martin Flyzlk, who returned recently from
Washtngton( D. C, where be appeared
before the federal conl commission, Is
hopeful of an enrly settlement of the
VOU nia> wish Io holp The Feder
alloiilsl. Vou ran do so by renewing
your siibsrrlptlon promptly and send
Ing In tlio siilft-M-rlption nf your rtlend
nr neighbor.
ought to lie in the hands of Russians,"
in his letter to Senator Johnson,
this champion of Russia says:
"The oast Is more important to the
United Slates than Ihe west. We feel
here that Siberia will be n tremendous
field for future activity, Were 11 not
for such people ns Hughes, we would
have entered into relations with Russia  long ago,"
The Federated Labor Party
Plans for Educational
Week in August
Tho Summerland branch of the Fed-
orated Labor Party, bas decided to
opon a summer school of Social Science, during the coming summer. The
school will remain open for one week,
and the pluce will be the Log Cabin,
on tho Okanagan La he at Summer-
land, R. c„ tbe date of opening will
be August Ufi.
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P. for Centre
Winnipeg, will be in charge, while
Oeorge F. Stirling, of Salmon Arm.
will denl specifically with the problem
of thi- fruit grower.
Thi' subjects to be dealt with will
be: Industrial history, Marxian and
Fabian socialism, Communism, Social
Reform, Soeial Welfare, etc.
Tents will be supplied for sleeping
purpose*, nnd meals will be served iu
a common dining-room and the expenses homo on a communal basis.
A real holiday is promised all those
attending, as woll as educational facilities. Thoso desiring to attend the
school should address Jack Logie,
West Summerland., B, C.
Patronize Federationist advertisers,
Cnder  Auspices  of Clgiirmnkcr*.'   Union
FRIDAY, MAY 4th, 1923
Oorner Robson nnd Hornby .Streets
15 Prizes Besides Whist PliXOS To Ho Olvdii Awtiy
Wlu.st Drive R: 15 p.m. Dancing 0 pro, to 19. p.m.
Each person paying admission will be presented with a souvenir
HU Whllt Prim Hiiffrt Lunch ISo r.-I'lurr Orchestra
OENTS. Al) Cciltflj    LADIES 25 Cents PAGE TWO
FRIDAY April  27,  1923
Published every Friday morning by The 13. C. Federationist
Businoss Office:   112- Howe Street
Editorial   Offlco:    Room   300—319   Pender   Stroet   Wost
Editorial Board:   P. It. Bengough. II. H. Neelands, J. M.
Clark. Georgo Bartley.     	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, $3.00 per
year; Canada, J2.50 per year, $1.50 for six months; to
Unions subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
Unity of Labor:  Tlie Hopo of tlio World
 April  27,
fits to enrich the elass wliich takes and never
gives. The worker, in the meantime, will slave
at his daily occupation, but the elass which
lives on the labor of others, will find new pleasure
and beauty spots for their gratification. Stanley
Park will remain a park if the ruling class decide
that there are no profits in it, but if they ean see
that it provides the chance to exploit Labor, then it
will become a mining camp—and most possibly a
eompany town such as Cassidy.
Girl Guiding and Scouting for Boys
GIRL "GUIDING" and boy "scouting" have been
popular pastimes in Vancouver during the past
week. Tho chief guide and the chief scout have
been in our midst. Naturally, like all "true" patriots, scouts and guides, they have Attempted to
cover up their tracks and to conceal thcir motives.
This is one of tho things which is taught to boy
scouts and others who have the imperial vision.
*        *        *
Sir Robert Baden Powell, head of the Boy Scout
movement, a man beyond reproach in the eyes of
the capitalistic world, a soldier of renown, which is
a term synonymous with the butchery of the working class in the interests of capital, in his references
to the movement of which he is the head, stated:
That he had noticed criticism of the visit of
himself and Lady Baden Powell, and that they
had been charged by one paper with coining
here for thc purpose of inducing boys at a later
date to become soldiers.
"Thc writer of that article could not have
looked into our aims and objects," said Sir
Robert. "We try to teach the boy to play the
game, to play for his side and not for himself.
I ask those who charge us with militarism to go
and see for themselves, not to argue on paper or
even to depend on what I say."
. if. -        *s*.
We did not know that Sir Robert was a reader of
The Federationist, but so far as wc can learn, the
,only local paper wliich commented adversely on the
visit of the chief of the Boy Scout's movement, was
Thc Federationist, and to that extent, we arc going
to flatter ourselves and hope that the militarist in
question, will read it again and learn what wc think
of militarism.
Now, Sir Robert, asked his hearers when he made
tho above remarks ,not to depend on what he said.
We intend to tako him at his word, and disregard
his speech here, and to quote his sayings and writings in the British Isles. The written word is more
enduring that the spoken, and consequently we can
safely assume that what thc head of the Scout
movement has written is more reliable than the
words wliich he has uttered on thc publio platform
to offset the criticism of such papers as The Federationist.
Sir Robert Baden Powell, who is head of the Boy
Seout movement, not content with scouting for boys,
wrote a book on girl guiding. In this book he says,
after a long and wordy explanation of what women
did in the war;
"There was, howover, one defect which
should not be overlooked. It was want of training and previous preparation for their work.
They were keen enough, and they were quick to
learn, but it would have been a tremendous help
to them had they been given a chance of learning while they were yet girls, and before the
sudden need of thcir services arose. ... It
is just this special training that we aim at giving in the Girl Guide movement."
But Sir Robert went even further than that in his
book. He said- "So that when thc war came, they
(the Guides) were all there and ready for it. This
information has been gathered from the Glasgow
Forward, and is only a part of the indictment which
that paper has made against the Girl Guide movement. But if the girls were prepared for war in
the Guide movement, what are the boys being prepared for? To carry ice cream to the generals, or
to do the fighting in the next war? We have no
hesitation in giving Sir Robert a taste of his own
medicine, and metaphorically choking him with his
own words. Thc Seout and Guide advocates in this
city may attempt to cover up their tracks, but there
are Scouts in lhe Labor movement who can trace
the footsteps of those who have gone before and recognize the trail they travelled and the Boy Seout
movement and (he Girl Guide organization are but
aids to capitalism and lo the wars which the master
elass will light with working class cannon fodder,
which is being prepared by tho Scout and Guide
Attempting to Dodge Capitalism
THERE IS NOT A CITY in a capitalistic country
which has not two aspects. The one riches and
luxurious dwellings, and the other poverty and squalor and miserable hovels in which the workers live.
Naturally the workers seek to better their position, and the alluring advertisements of railroad
companies and immigration agents, appeal to them
as an opportunity to get away from their misery,
and to seek their fortunes in a new country.
Today British, German and workers in all countries are being told of the opportunities which exist
in Canada. They are leaving the laud of their birth,
and enabling the transportation companies to enrich
their coffers.
*        *        *
In the meantime, Canadian workers, lured by the
high wages which are being paid in the building
trades in the United States, are leaving Canada to
seek thcir fortunes or at least to improve their
H* *%* *\*
We have learnt from the local press that there is
a great exodus from the Hebrides. That thousands
of hardy workers are coming to Canada, and that
they expect to make comfortable homes and secure
prosperity in this country. In fact, workers are
coming to Canada from all points of the compass,
but there is no work for them. They must faee the
same fate as those who years ago left the land of
thcir birth and came to this country, and the same
light which the Canadians who are leaving thc country for the United States, must face.
They are up against capitalism, no matter where
they go, and all that capitalism can offer at the best,
is a job. But capitalism cannot always give a job to
tlie worker—not even in Canada—as the records of
any city will show during thc past few years, and
the land is no greater security as the farmers of
this country only too well know.
But immigration is the policy of the government,
and the transportation companies, and that policy
will bc carried out at all costs. The worker is only
a minor consideration, and the harder he is pressed,
the cheaper he will work, hence the glorious prospects of a Labor market, flooded to the point where
the workers will fight one another for that great
objective—a job—and the cheap labor whicli that
condition will bring about, is the deciding factor in
the counsels of the ruling class. The workers, in
the meantime, are sleeping at the switch, and not
only apathetic as to their fate, but fail to or will not
see that at this time organization is the most necessary thing on the part of those who produce the
world's wealth, and starve because they cannot gain
control of that which they have produced.
[By Leland Olds] *
(Federated  Press Industrial  Editor)
pAN WE GO along expecting plenty
of work and better wages for some
time to come? Are you asking that
question In your local? If that question is not being carefully discussed
then sooner or later labor will again
be caught unprepared.
A sudden downward turn in industry and hundreds of thousands will
face unemployment. There will be a
lot of useless anger, but no one will be
sure just what happened. The strength
of unions will be sapped both in morale, and income.
Unemployment is the major problem of the labor movement, evon in
times of prosperity. In fact, that is
the very time to prepare to do something about it.
What are the facts by which we can
flgure where we stand today?
The Federal Reserve Bank of Now
York, in its March review of credit
and business conditions, expresses the
situation in terms of tho percentage
Increases registered by various factors
over the lowest point of the depression. Industrial activity is measured
in terms of a 54 per cent, increase in
production, and a 23 per cent, increase
in employment. Trade is measured
in terms of a 31 per cent, increase in
the sales of representative wholesale
houses and a 13 per cent, increase in
the sales of CO department stores. Beyond thiB It records a 30 per cent, increase in its own index of wholesale
prices, a 13 per cent, inerease in the
wholesale price index of the department of Labor, and a 16 per cent, increase in the hiring rate of wages for
unskilled labor in tho district.
These are typical of the figures
with which Labor is being lulled to
sleep. Figures aro stated so as to 'put
the best possible face on tho matter.
As a matter of fact, the increase in
production since 1919 amounts to less
than 9 per cent., and per capita production just about equals tho average
for 1913.
What is more, retail sales do not
show anything like the increases registered by production. When price
changes are takon Into account, it is
evident that consumers are not rushing to purchase the products of industry. This Is vital, for in the last analysis the purchasing power of the average consumer is what keeps Industry running,
Industry is today running primarily
on demands coming from the railroads
and the building industry. These two
ndustries are busy fllling in the gap
caused by the war and the depression.
The aotivity ls investment to satisfy
the future demands of consumors. If
these demands fail to materialize, the
ndustrlal activity cannot last.
Business men do not expect these
demands to prove steady. They know
that the war caused enermous loss of
wealth and man power, that it piled
up debts and increased taxes. They
know that theso taxes will curtail the
purchasing power of consumors. Part
of the monoy which would go into
food, botter houses, replacement of
worn clothing, etc., will go to paying
interest to International bondholders,
and to keeping up their inflated governments and military establishments.
The result will be alternating movements forward and backward with
recurrent periods of unemployment
and wage deflation.
It is signlflcant that the optimism
appears altogether where common
folk read while the note of caution is
sounded only in columns and circulars
read by speculators and owners of industry. Big New York banks are
warning business men to play safe and
to accumulate surpluses In order that
investors may ride out slack periods
with full larders while workers are
being starved into accepting lower
wage levels.
Labor must keep its ear to the
ground. It must husband its resources
In order that lho movement shall not
be undermined. The wage Increase
possibilities of the present must be
pressed to the limit, but always with
the restraint and discipline of organic
zntion which prevents ambush.
Domestic Servants and Social Life
Profits and Public Playgrounds
Al.ONU TIM I. A(IO, we onee heard a working-
class i'u|ircsentalive recite n poolil whieh started
out with the following; paaSBgo: "The fields were
white with daisies, and the meadows were broad and
fair, and til', care-free birds made music to thc
children that, idled there. But the master had need
of the meadows, and his walls and his chimneys
sprang, from among the swaying branches where the
thrush and.'tlie robin sang."
*        *        *
This poem was brought to our mind this week
when we noticed iu thc daily press that the people
were oppoiied to the despoliation of Stanley Park
by a syndicate, which has discovered coal in that
park.   .
i'.        *        *
The workers are not supposed lo possess any eye
for beauty. They arc supposed to work, and let it
go at that. Their function is to produce profits for
a master class by delving into the bowels of the
earth, or by thcir efforts in field or factory. Their's
not to reason why," but to do the bidding of those
who, by tlie political and economic power they control, can determine the fate of millions of workers
as thev did in the late war.
' *       *        *
And so it is all through the capitalistic, world.
The master needs thc playgrounds or the people, and
he gets them. He needs the children tn work in his
factories and his wants arc supplied. Does he need
women to make munitions, his wants arc satisfied,
and if the master class determines that Stanley
Park is a source of profit fo that elass, then
Stanley Park will become a hive of industry,
and  coal   miners  will  get jobs to produce pro-
IN THESE DAYS, when thc immigration problem
looms large in the eyes of the dear people of this
great Dominion ,and prosperity is promised as the
result of a great influx of labor, the writings of people who know nothing of thc working class position,
and still less of the present system of society, are
more than interesting reading, not because of the
information they contain, bnt because of the paucity
of the arguments advanced.
In a local daily, a lady—we at least presume she
is a lady—as a working woman would never pen
such stuff, named Dorothy Dix, referring to the domestic servant problem, cites a ease where a working woman faced by the death of her husband, and
compelled to seek a living for herself, complained
because she was not made one of the family, and
because of the discourteous treatment handed out to
her, packed her grips and left.
This lady, in referring to the episode, stated:
It seems to me that this woman takes a very
narrow and one-sided view ai the situation. She
forgets that the relationship between the employer and the employed is financial, and not
social. If she were the private secretary of a
banker, she wouldn't expect to ride around in
his limousine, If she were a clerk in a big department store, she wouldn't expect to spend
her evenings in the bosom of the proprietor's
family. If she were a writer, or an actress, or a
doctor's assistant, she wouldn't expect her em-
| ployer's guests to fall on her neck at thcir departure.
**> .      r. t.
In the above statement, there is mueh truth. Not
that thc writer intended to disclose this truth, but
often thc truth is revealed in strange places, and in
this case, the truth is contained in the statoment
tbat the position of the domestic servant is a financial, or should wc say economic one, and not a soeial onc.
Iu other words, there is a class difference between
master and slave. The distinction is onc that is
created by the present system of society. There is a
ruling class and a slave elass. Thc domestic servant
is a member of thc wage-earning class, and cannot
expect to receive that social recognition at thc hands
of tho master class which is craved. Iu other words,
the present system is anti-social. Society is divided
and as long as tbat division remains, there will be
elass distinctions and elass warfare, in spite of all
those who prate about uniting the forces of capital
and, labor. Labor can only unite with the present
members of the capitalist class when thc condition wliich creates capital, for it is not a
thing, removes all social barriers and declares that
only those who work shall cat. In the meantime,
tho domestic servant is a servant, and the wage-
worker is a slave and has no soeial status, according
to ruling elass ethics.
[By J.  S. Woodsworth,  M. P.]
C1NCE the Easter holidays, tho House
*-* has settled down again to the estimates and to committee work.
Mr. Ward's question re gratuities to
the retiring officers and directors of
the railways brought out much more
information than he had expected. A
Royal Commission is now to be appointed to investigate the grants made
to the Grand Trunk directors. The
minister of railways, however, confesses that there Is an uneasy feeling
in the country and this action is doubtless designed to once again re-assure
the public. The minister of railways
took full responsibility for the large
amounts granted to the officials of the
Canadian National. We are not at all
sure that this action Is reassuring to
the public. Why well-paid officers
should receivo large gratuities of this
kind is not clear to the thousands of
employees who are liable to be dismissed on short notice with no consideration whatever.
Mr. Irvine, backed by Mr. Shaw,
brought up the question of the dismissal of John J. Haynes, a postal employee of Calgary. It seems that
Haynes was suspected of robbing the
mails. A trap was laid for him, but
the subsequent trials did not clearly
show that he was guilty. Thc higher
court exonerated him. Notwithstanding this, he was dismissed. The acting
postmaster general attempted to Justify the action of the department. He
stated he was desirous that full justice
should be done to Haynes, but that the
public interests must be protected. We
fail to see that any action is in the
public interests that works an injustice to an individual. Labor has long
questioned the decision of the courts.
It ls not a very edifying spectacle now
to have the government officials thus
questioning the decision of the courts.
Justification of the dismissal of Haynes
was based on the supposition lhat the
decision of tho highest courts was not
to be relied on.
Mr. Irvine withdrew his motion on
tho more or less tacit understanding
that something in the way of a pension
would be granted to Haynes for his 30
years service. From the standpoint of
securing something for Haynes, this
was probably the best course to take,
but It Is very apparent that such action is far from doing justice to
Haynes, who In fact has been dlsmlss-
!d, so far as we have evidence, for no
other reason than for an alleged crime
of which the highest courts have declared him innocent.
It would bo woll worth while for
Labor to read tho assertion of Mr.
Murdock, in reply to the questions
which were asked during tho passing
of tho estimates of the department of
Labor. Mr. Murdock reduced his estimates, claiming that this was dono
on the ground of economy, but did not
make it clear that there was not also a
reduction of the efficiency, as some of
the best employees in the service have
been let go during the past year.
The minister of Labor justified the
lack of action on Labor matters on the
ground that lt was constitutionally impossible to do anything. The British
North America Act, and all sorts of
other obstacles stood ln the way. The
eight-hour day was outside Federal
Jurisdiction; the old age pensions were
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
White Woollen
Popular for Suits and Skirts
Heavy Skirting Viyella, 31 ins. wide—$2 a yard.
Fine Soft Finish Serge, 56 ins. wide—$2.50 a yard.
Fine Botany Serge, 56 ins. wide—$3.50 a yard.
Viyella Suiting, 56 inehes wide—$3.95 a yard.
Heavy Soft Finish Serge, 54 inches wide—$3.95
a yard.
Suiting Serge, 56 inches wide—$4.25 a yard.
Special Soft Finish Serge, 56 inches wide—$4.50
a yard.
Tricotine Suiting, 54 inches wide—$4.95 a yard.
Poiret Twill, 54 inches wide—$4,95 a yard.
Flannel Serge Suiting, 54 ins. wide—$5.50 a yard.
Fine Basket Weave Suiting, 58 ins. wide—$5.95
a yard.     —Drysdalo's Woollen Goods Shop, First Floor
575 Granville Street Phone Seymour 3540
aliam of Major Powor or not, we are
glad to find that imperialism is being
challenged on the floor of the Cana-'
dian House.
■ 'probably outside Federal jurisdiction.
The extension of tho Industrial Disputes Aet to cover municipal utilities,
would be ultra vires. Any attempt to
assist the steel workers or mint) workers of Cape Breton would be interfering with Provincial rights. After long
explanations of this character, Mr.
Irvine was driven to usk: "What then
eau the department do?"
Just before Easter recess, Mr. Power
of Quebec South, moved that in the
opinion of this House, lt is expedient
to declore that save In the case of actual invasion, the Dominion of Canada
shall not be committed to participate
in any war without the consent of the
parliament of Canada.
This resolution was modelled on one
taken from the constitution of the
Irish Free State. Major Power declared: "We have not, as a matter of
fact, been protected to any great extent by the British army. On two occasions on which we became involved
in war, when the British army fought
on our side, the war was none of our
choosing. Canada, on both theae occasions was the base of supply for the
British army ln their attacks against
tho United States, and in their defence
against the attacks from that country." He quoted tho Duke of Newcastle: "Halifax is not kept up for the
benefit of Nova Scotia; but rightly or
wrongly, according to the particular
views which men may entertain, It ls
kept for military purposes," and concluded: "So that our constitution of
1791 was granted to us, not so much
for our benefit, as In order to keep us
thc longer under the more direct control and subjection of the Imperial authority." "We could just aa well have
obtained that freedom and developed
our own free Institutions under the
protection of any other power, or ws
could have obtained lt evon had we
been froo and independent." Major
Power called to his assistance the au<
thorlty of Sir John Macdonald, who
had refused to furnish a contingent
for tho Soudan war: "Our men and
money would, therefore, be saerilh'cd
to get Gladstone & Company out of tho
hole thoy have plunged themselves
Into by their own imbecility." Also
the authority of Sir Wilfred Laurler,
at the time of the dfopatch of the
South Africa contingent, who aaid: "I
claim for Canada this, that In 'tho future Canada shall bo at liberty to act
or not to act to interfere or not to Interfere, to do just us sho pleases, and
that sho shall reservo the right to
judgo whether or not thore Is cause
I'or hor to act." Major Power took
tho position which muat appeal to
many people throughout Canada: "In
tills country wo need havo no enemies
on this continent, and we havo no
right to make enemies for ourselves
on any other continent. Any arrange
ments which the representatives of the
peoplo of Canada may arrive at, should
be arrived at In the the broad daylight of day, and be freely published
so that every citizen of the Dominion
may know just what he is obliged, and
undor what circumstances ho may act
ln auoh and such a matter.." Further
on this question, the time Is fast approaching when every citizen of Carv
ada will have to decide whether he Is
a Canadian flrst or a Britisher first,
Whether we agree with the nation-
If the Boy Scout movement is not militaristic,
will those who sponsor it inform us how it was that
tho Allies demanded that Germany should not have
any Boy Scout movement. Thc answer would at
least be interesting.
The Vancouver and District Labor
Representation Committee
LABOR HALL, 319 Pender Street West
Monday, April 30th, 1923
AH delegates ahould bo preaent, and all lnbor organizations are
entitled to be represented
t*e*e*e n-tl.«,.i,.>.»..«.nllf ».■»'.» i^nminnnni i n ■» i m+inmi.ii.i i e_n«e >■•*»»—-»——-ft
"From Maker to Wearer"
Suits — Dresses — Wraps
Kvcrything In Ladies' Heady-to*Wear,
lhe latest styles.    Onc at tho largest
-tacks In tho West.
It you livo out of town, writo for a
sopy of our mail order catalogue.
From Maker
To Wearer
Near OranviUe
623  HASTINOS   ST..
Ring up Pbone Seymonr 2354
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Sullo   301   Dominion   llullding
Drugless Healing
OUR system t-mbraces the very best
that Is found in all forms of drugless work. We have discarded what
wo have found (o ho worthless, and
incorporated tin* very best. Wo havo
no need to copyright our Bystem and
methods; they are froo to anyone who
has tho knowledgo, ability and tho
many scientific appliances that are absolutely necessary for lho removal of
tho causo of dlsHiso. This takes years
of intensive study and research; it
means tho study of the human from
every angle—nothing else will do. No
one method will do this, so, if you
want tho vory latest and most scion-
tlflo SERVIOE, wo havo it to give,
and if in search of health, ft will pay
you to INVESTIGATE OTJE methods.
liownie Sanitarium
314 Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey, 603, High. 2134L
Kindling Free
1140 GRANVILLE  Bey. 5290
1160 Ooorpi Stmt
Sunday lorvicei, 11 ..at. and 7:80 p.n.
Sunday achool Immediately following
morning aervice. Wedneaday toatlmonfal
mooting, 8 p.m. Proa reading room,
Mil-DOS Birks Bldg.
B. F. Harrlaon g. A. tatty
Phona Falrmona 08
Kirk's Coal
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones:  Sey. 1441 and 465
Office No. 2
1025 Main Street
Phone Sey. 9075
Order Gnllorv Jar for your parties and danceB.
Phone, Highland 00.
Cigar Store
Long Distance Telephone Service • Beel
Asset to tbe Exacting Business Mu.
THERE are few advantages in modern
bnslncNs to be compared in actual value
with the service your own offico telephone
Is prepared at nny moment of tho day or
night to supply you with.
At a minimum outlay In minutes, yon
can get ln direct touch with your desired
party, posBibly hundreds of miles away,
where postal or other delay would be a
deolded drawback. Correspondence can*
not compote with the speed of telephone
service, besides whloh considor carefully
the undoubted advantages of a personal
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
Hm ro» protootod yeast.lt ond row fuiUr _i_l_il nek u enurj-noj,
wttk _ 8AVI_i08 ACCOUNT— th, moit .oluibl. Allot t __u ou _»•• tor
tha "RAINI DAT."
Wo BTRONOI/Y MOO-HIND ron to lUrt eaet et mont AT OHOI,
kt ono of ear Ottr BnaofcM.
HASTINOS ud SEYMOUE Oh, 8. Himi-n, _-___««
Gordon wd Abbott Kiln ud un An. _b__ nd Bro_*«r
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If you are living Id a community not provided with Biaklng faclllUee, ad**
dreia ui by mall, and we will be glad to gnll* yom In nepeot to "flanking by 11*11-'" ttDAY April  27,  1923
Expression Plates
Hygienic Bridgework
Hygienic Crowns
Extraction of Teeth
Pyorrhea Treatment
Scientific Methods for Elimination of Fain Used in
Every Phase of the Work.
Call and let me give yon an estimate.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Corner Seymoar
Phone, Seymour 3331
Office Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Vancouver Unions
flCouncil — Presidont, It. H. Neelands, M.
I A.; general secretar)., Percy R. Bengongh.
feco: 308, 819 Ponder St. West. Phone Ser.
\ii>. Meets lu Labor Ball at 8 p.m. on
i first and third Tuesdays in month.
Meets Becond Monday In the month. Pro-
ont, J. K. While; secretary, R, H. Noel-
la. P. 0. Box 66.   	
Jlovi- Street West—Business meetings
try Wodnesday evening. A. Maclnnis,
hitman; E. H. Morrison, boc*trees.; Ooo.
Harrison, i:.;ir> Woodland Drive, Vancou*
t, 11. C, corresponding secretary.
Vuy district in British Columbia desiring
■lnni-iio-i ro securing speakers or the for-
i.iun of local brunches, kindly cummunlcato
h provincial Socretary J, Lyle Telford,
. Birks Bldg., Vancouvor, B. C. Tele-
mo Seymour 1332, or Fairmont 4tf3fl.
ocond Thursday overy month, B18 Pender
West. President, J. Brlghtweoll;
lincial secreUry, H. A. Bowron, 2849
[rnB Stroot. 	
Union of America—Local 120, Van-
fever, B. C., meets Becond and fourth Tuoa-
|-s in each month in Room ilia—319 Pen*
. Street West.- President, 0. E. Herrett,
I Hastings Streot East; secretary, A. R.
kt, 320 Cambie Street. Shop phone, Sey.
Residence phone, Doug. 2171R.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Help*
of America, Local 194—Meetings first
third Mondays in eaeh month. Preii-
i P. Willis; seoretary, A. Fraser, Office:
a 803—819 Ponder Street Weet. Offloe
, 9 to 11 a.m. and 3 to 6 p.m.
Bricklayers or masons for boiler works,
Vv, or marble Betters, phone Brlcklayen'
______ Labor Temple,
''ERS and Jolnera, Local 452—President.
r_. Dunn; recording secretary, Oeo. Snell;
islnoss   agent,    Geo.   H.    Hardy.     Office:
wm 804—819 Pender Btreet West     Meets
lend and fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 6.
[9 Pender Btreet West.	
Id third Fridays in each month, at 148 Gov*
■va Stroet West.    President, David Cuthlll,
|52 Albert Street; seoretary-treasurer, Oeo.
Frriaon, 1385 Woodland Drive
■ Steam and Operating, Local 844—Meets
Vry Thursday at 8 p.m., Room 307 Labor
Jmple. Secretary-treasurer, N. Greon, 953
Irnby Street. Phone Sey. 7043R. Record-
t seeretary, J. R. Campbell, 303 First
reet. North Vancouver,
•residont, Nell MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall
retary, 0. A. Watson, No. a Firehall.
Union, Local 28—441 Soymour Street,
(eta flrst And third Wednesdays at 2:30
Second and fourth Wednesdays at
p.m. Executive board meets every
liaday at 8 p.m. Preeldent, W. A. Colmar-
LlnoBS agont, A. Graham.    Phono Seymour
l.tf CANADA—An industrial union of all
■kers in logging and construction camps,
"lit District and Goneral Headquarters, 61
idqvA Streot Wost, Vancouver, B, 0.
■no Seymour 7856. J. M. Clarke, general
Iretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs.
Id, Mncdonald A Co., Vancouvor, B. 0,;
ptors, Messrs. Buttar & Chlono, Vancou*
B. 0.	
IOHINISTS LOOAL 182—President, Lee
leorgu; secretary, J. O. Keefo; business
nt, P. R. Bengough. Olllce: 309, 319
ider Stroet Wost. Moets in Room 313—
\ Pendor Street Weat, on flrst and third
LrsdayB in month.	
CHIN1STB  LOGAL   692—President,   Ed.
wson;   Becrelary,    R.   Hirst;   businoss
,   P.   U.   Bongough.     Offloo:   309—310
.-.sr  Streot  West.    Moets  in  Room  B—-
J Pender Stroet West, un second and 4th
IjBdayK In month.
1NION, Local 145, A. P. of M.—Meots nt
Hnll,   Homer   Street,   second   Sunday,
a.m.    Presidont, Ernest C. Miller, 991
Ion Street: socrotary, Edward JamioBon,
Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. E.
Isms, 991 Nelson Streot; organizer, F.
cher, 091 Nelson Street.
ORS and Paperhangers of Amorica, Locnl
Vancouvor—Meets 2nd nnd 4th Thurs*
at   148 Cordova  Stroet West.    Phone,
| 8510.    Business agent, R. A. Baker.
^ook Builders, Local No. 2404—Moots ln
(.. Hall, 319 Pender Street West every
and 4th Friday, at 8 p.m. Jas, Thomp*
financial secretory.
Irdova St. West, P. 0. Box 571.   Phone
'8703.    Meetings overy Monday at 7:30
J. Pearson, business agent	
I.—Meeting nights, flrst Tuesday and Srd
Jay of each month at headquarters, 818
dova Streot West. President, D. Gllles*
; vico-presldent, John Johnson; secretary*
■surer, Wm. Donaldson, address 318 Cor
a Street West. Branch agont's address:
Francis, 1484 Govornmont Street, Vic*
loyees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
P. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pro*
nt, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
rdlng secrotary, A. V. Lofting; treasurer,
j\ Andrew; flnanclal secretary and bust-
agont, W. H. Cottrell, 186—17th Ave.
t. Offlce, cornor Prior and Main Streots.
, Fairmont 4504Y,
Imerica, Local No, 178—Meetings hold
> Monday In each month, 8 p.m. Proal-
A. R. Oatenby; vice-president, Mrs.
,1 recording secretary, C. McDonald, P.
pox 508; flnanclal secretary, P. McNeinh,
, Box 808.	
et Rnftftla—Vanconver branch moots first
third Sundays each month, 2 p.m,, at 61
Inva Streot West, For Information write
iranch secretary, S. T. A. S. R., 61 Cor-
, Btreet West, Vancouver, B. 0.	
J>0ORAPHTOAL   UNION   NO.   220—Pro-
|dent,   Wm.   Skinner;   vice-presl dent,   A.
it;   see rotary- treasurer, R, H. Neelands,
Box 68.    Meets lsst Sunday of each
|th at 2 p.m.
-President, J. J. Bogg; vice-president,
Stewart; secretary-treasurer, L. 0.
P. 0. Box 470, Nanalmo, B. 0.
101^ Ho. 418—President, 8. D. Mae*
1. secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
Box 689.   Meets last Thursday ef eaeh
'In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
Tlio greatest assistance Umt tbe
readers of The Federatlonist can render us at this time, Is by securing a
new subscriber. By doing so you
spread tlie news of tbe working class
movement and assist us.
The Federated Labor
Party Appeals for
Political Action
The Lumber Baron in the "Making"
E NOTE by the Vancouver Daily-f he does not atate, as he had to do ln
the other places, that he wants to hire
labor on credit. Oh no! When speaking to his "hands," he talks like a
dozen Wall Street millionaires rolled
together. His unfortunate workers
are led to understand that they can
get their wages every day If they so
But what of those who toll to produce the logs? Well, from his point
of view, they are no more Important;
in fact, they are less Important than
any other part of his equipment. They
are Incidental to production. Profits,
and profits alone is what concerns our
embryonic "tyee." If the human
packages of energy who toll for him
succeed In putting enough logs Into
the water to pay all expenses and leave
nothing over to pay their wages, they
probably may get paid; if enough logs
are put In then they may Hen the
boom; or If, as often happens, they
are soft enough not to lien, they go
without anything.
But our "hay wire" logging operator uses all the wiles he has studied
so assiduously to so speed up production that there will not only be enough
to pay wages, but also enough to leave
a handsome margin of profit, which he
takes as his reward for his superior
brains, business ability and initiative;
and so it frequently happens that we
find this erstwhile penniless bum
evolving Into the lumber baron proper, because he was legally entitled
to plunder the unfortunate workers
whom he employed. He started with
nothing, and finished a millionaire,
a man pointed out as an example for
all workers to follow, If they would
only quit being lazy and Indolent, and
save their money. And what of this
wealth? Where did lt come from?
Was it something inherent in the logs
No, it came from the only place lt
could como from, out of the blood
and sweat of the underpaid, underfed
workers, whom he first bluffed into
working for him when he did not have
enough capital to "buy a pair of leggings for a humming bird." It came
from the source of all wealth—unpaid
labor. . Organize, and take at least a
little more of what you produce.
Province, that this spring there is
great prosperity throughout the Prov-
vince, and that this is especially true
of lumbering. It is stated that in all
lumbering centres great activity prevails. To all appearances the lumber
barons are looking forward to reaping a plentiful harvest, in the shape
of profits wrung by the torture of
hard labor from out of the brain and
brawn of their unfortunate Blaves.
In all probability this report of
great lumbering activity ts correct.
The present year appears to be one of
those "banner years" which in capitalist society, occur periodically; ahd
lt also Is one of the years when "hay
wire layouts" Increase in number, and
budding lumber barons are born. Production is speeded up, every would-be
capitalist who can get hold of a grubstake and an old dilapidated donkey
engine, a claim of scrub timber on the
beach, and a score of hungry slaves to
work for him, Ib rushing into the
"logging game," intent on making
hay while the sun shines.
In these days of frenzied log production by "hay wire" and other logging companies, lt does not take much
of an economist to discover the source
of profits; In fact, one cannot help
seeing it.
From out of the depths of that section of society who live on hopes that
somo day they will be able to emerge
from their present state of obscurity,
seize the ladder of success, and climb
to Its highest rung, there emerges the
prospective lumber baron possessing
nothing but an unlimited amount of
"gall" and a desiro to make a fortune.
This individual, after much dickering, finally secures a timber claim on
a Btumpage basis, he hires machinery
tho rental of which will be paid out
of the logs he puts In the water; he
gets tools on credit, and he arranges
with some wholesale firm to supply
him with food until "the boom is in
the water." He then betakes himself
to the blacklisting emporium where
the commodity labor powor is sold,
and there hires sufflclent wage slaves
to man his camp; but here he wdoes
Ruled by the Press of Plutocracy
Week End
123 Hastings St. E.—Sey. 3262
830 GranvUle Street*—Sey. 866
il»l GrunvlUo si. — Sey. 6149
3360 Main Street Fair. 1683
Fresh Meat Department
Slater's famed Pork Shoulders; weight 4  to 10 pounds.
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Choico  Oven  Roasts,
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Choice Rolled Roasts,
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Choice   Boiling   Beef,
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Choice Boneless Stew
Beef, 2 lbs for	
Slater's famed Middle Cuts of
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A choice selection of Prime
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Fresh ground Hamburger;; 2 lbs. for	
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Very choice Corned
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Slater's      Famed      Alberta
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Slater's    Sugar-cured    Smoked
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At Slater's Stores
[By W. J. Curry]
■T-HE   INFANT   HOMO   enters   the
world with capabilities of learning
through experience or precept. An
infant is a bundle of Instincts, or Inherited impulses, but its brain ls a
plastic blank, the soil without the
seed, and falsehoods, and ignorance
may be planted there as readily as
Today, the mission of current education Is largely to blind the intellect
as to the facts regarding great problems of life. This is done for the
most part unconsciously by those who
are employed to carry un this work.
The classes which live in luxury and
ease, through ownorship of the means
of life, have ever guarded the path
to the tree of liberty and knowledge,
with the flaming sword of suppression
or diversion, "lest man's eyos be opened, and they become as gods, knowing good from evil."
Rut the workers of today are realizing that tho Eden of peaco and progress cannot be enjoyed, but by eating
of this forbidden fruit of knowledge,
and today in spite of the press and
other forces of master class education
a great mental awakening is taking
place, and this is the hope of humanity.   .
Tho very fact that a worldwide campaign of reaction and counter-revolutionary propaganda Is taking place,
proves that the capitalist system is
nearing tho breakers, and that tho officers of this pirate ship see evidences
of disaster before them. Counter-revolution and reaction implies a rising
tide of action and progress on the
part of the masses.
Tho Economic Basis uf Ideas
Karl Marx and Frederic.. Bugles first
presented the law governing social
evolution, and this is the key to sociology, ami to the political and economic
chaos, and revolutionary tendencies,
wliich aro today worldwide.
This proposition was first published
in "Communist Manifesto," and states
that in every hislorU.nl epoch, the
prevailing mode of produotlon and exchange, forms the basis from which is
built up and from which alone can be
explained the Intellectual nnd political
institution* of that epoch,
This would apply to any economlo
system, and wo can see it operating
In tho Soviet Republic of Russia today. Probably Qeorge D. Herron used
this In describing modern society, as
forcibly as anybody we know of. He
says: "Until the working class becomes conscious of Its-elf as the only
elass that has a right lo be, until the
workers understand, that they are exploited and bound by the powers
which their unpaid labor places In the
hands that exploit, and bind them;
until we all clearly see that what we
call civilization, Is but the organized
and legalized robbery of tlie producer;
until we have, a revolutionary comprehension of the fact that our
churches and governments, our arts
and literature, our education and
philosophies, our morals and manners
are all more or less the expression
and deformity of this universal robbery, drawing its life and motives out
of tho lifo forces of the man who in
down, and unprivileged, until then, I
say, our dreams and schemes of a
common good, of a better society are
but Philllstlne Utopias, und our Industrial and moral reforms are but
tho shadows of stupidity or hypocrisy."
Students and teachers sometimes object, when we speak of the Nchools
and the University of 11. C. ns being
"capitalist." But as onr government
is but the exocutive of tho business
classes, and our Institutions of learning are financed by the government,
we can understand why some of our
professors and teachers aro today being watched and adversely criticized
by  the   Intellectual   fosnlls  and   the
which  support these
'"money bags,"
The Publie Press
Upton Sinclair, during the last few
years, has published three books, and
through these has done Invaluable
service In lighting the darkness of
the common people.
His "Profits of Religion," shows how
Mammon "pays the piper, and sots the
tune" of what is called Christianity,
The "Brass Check" deals with the
public press, the editorial and news
items of which square with the interests of the big advertisers. Thc "Goose
Step" shows how the schools and universities of this continent, are under
the control of "big business." George
D. Herron, Ph. D., A. M., D. D., was
one who refused to prostitute his mental and moral powers before tho gods
of plutocracy, and he was expelled
from Columbia University for this offence. Scott Nearing was anothor,
his expulsion from tho University of
Pennsylvania caused a near riot on
the part of the students. An Investigation of his friends revealed the fact
that tho governors of this university
were corporation lawyers, and that It
was financed out of the sweat and
misery of the masses.
The dally pross Is, however, the
greatest enemy to truth, and mankind
that we have today, since high schools
and universities are out of reach of
the mnBSea. There are probably less
than 20,000 copies of working class
papers, Including the Federatlonist,
published a week In this Province,
There are over 100,000 copies every
day of great newspapers voicing tlie
interests of tho capitalist class, circulated In British Columbia alone. Many
editors are unconscious of their treason lo humanity and truth, and nre
helpless slaves of the system, which
chains thom to their ignoble task.
The Confession of John Swliiton
This man was fur many years editor
in chief uf tho New York Times. He
was also a life long friend of Eugene
Debs, and unlike some of our local
editors, he know what lie was doing,
and was not proud of his occupation.
The occasion was a banquet hi New
York, nt which Swliiton was requested
to reply to a toast: "The Independent
Pross." Thla Is what he said: "There
is no such thing as an Independent
press in America. I am paid $150 per
week, to keep my honest opinions out
of tho journal I am associated with;
Others of you arc paid similar sums for
similar service. If I were to express
my honest opinion for one Issue alone,
my occupation would be gone,
"The object of the editor Is to misrepresent, to he outright, lo fawn at
the feet of Mammon, and to sell his
country, and his race for his dally
broad. What folly Is this to be toasting an independent press? We are
the vassals of the rich man behind
the scenes. They pull the strings and
we dance. Our possibilities, our lives
and our talents are th" proporty of
this class. We are Intellectual prostitutes."
AT ALL MATERIAL times, during
■fv the last thirty or forty years, the
workers have had at their disposal
the constitutional means to eliminate
a very large proportion of the evllB
that afflict them; but up to the present time, they 'have persistently and
methodically used their franchise for
the sole purpose of electing representatives of ruling class Interests' to the
various legislative bodies in this country; and now, having been under the
gentle and benevolent tutelage of
these gentlemen for the period stated,
they flnd that their condition, instead
of being improved, has become very
much worse, and they realize thnt
"There Is something rotten in the
state of Denmark."
The Conservative and Liberal Parties have had their Innings, and the
Babylonian Judgment, "Mene mene
tekel upharsln" might well be Inscribed upon their records; for, so far
as the well being of the workers is
concerned, they havo been weighed in
the balance and found wanting.
A third political party, yclept the
Provincial Party, now looms up on the
political horizon, with the claim that
lt has the solution of the workers'
problem in its little bag of tricks.
However, this claim Is not worthy of
consideration, as the new party differs
from the two old parties only in the
relizatlon, that the siren song of Conservatives and Liberals has lost Its
potency, and If they are to succeed In
charming the workers, they must set
the old words to new music.
The experience of the workers has
been gained in a hard school, and it
has demonstrated beyond dispute, that
the interests of master and man, are
diametrically opposed to each other,
and for this reason, the workers can
hope for no assistance from any of
the aforesaid political parties as constituted; for these parties have been,
and will continue to be the instruments of the big financial interests.
When the workers in this, and every
other Province, realize that they must
look only to themselves and their own
party for any amelioration of their
condition, then, and then.only, will
any progress be mado toward the
emancipation of tho working clasB.
Therefore, the Federated Labor Party
'appeals to tho workers throughout tho
Province, to align themselves with
their political Labor organizations and
thus render all the support possible,
in the Interest of themselves and their
fellow workers. The name and address of the secretary of the provincial executive of tho Federated Labor
Party is given in the Trade Union Directory of this paper. Write to him
for any information you may require
to aid you In establishing a locat
branch of the party in your district, or
in obtaining speakers for propaganda
meetings and so on.
Do not delay. The time was never
more opportune for the formation of
Labor Party locals.
Every reader of Tlie FederationiBt
can render valuable assistance by renewing their subscriptions as soon as
they are due, and by Inducing another
worker to subscribe. It does not take
much effort to do this.   Try It.
Come and Look at this
for $59
It's made expressly for and sold exclusively
by the H. B.C. It's a range value that has no
equal in Canada. It's a range of excellent
appearance, good Weight and fine finish, fitted
with six oooking holes, polished steel panelled top, duplex grates for wood or coal, white
enamelled oven door with thermometer, and
19xl6xl_%-inch oven. The range is fully
trimmed, has high warming closet, and stands
on a heavy nickel base. It's a splendid baker
and heats the water quickly. In the regular
selling way it would cost at least $25.00 more
than we are asking for it, and it's only by quantity buying and close selling, that we can offer
them at this matchless price—
Hudson's Bay Company
what some of the others were doing,
my spirits sank.
"Every amateur In Brooklyn was
thore that night, and they were drawing down the house. I was told that
my turn enme ninth, following a colored dancer from the show, as the
rules wero that a colored performer
nnd a white amateur should alternate.
Before my time had come, 1 decided
that I'd have to do something spectacular if I even got applause. So, when
mf turn came, X went out on the stage
and did a knee-bending step at the
same time drawing a smnll circle wilh
a piece of chalk. I then announced
that I would confine my dancing to
the circle, and I did. When I had
finished, I drew a reasonable amount
of applause, and decided that 1 might
ns well go home. But my pal persuaded mc to stay and watch the
others. Imagine my surprise when
the audience voted me first prize after
the performance, ( was dumbfounded, 1 stuck tho ten dollars ln my
pocket aud walked home In a daze."
At the Orphcnin
"A little pieco of chalk, a slight aptitude for eccentric dancing, and an
abundance of nerve started me off In
tho show business," hii Id Lou Clayton,
of tho team of Clayton anil Edwardb,
who aro presenting their blackface
classic, "Please Stop," at the Orpheum next week, "1 had always hail a
hankering to bo a stage performer,
and when a pal of mine told me tlint
"Old Kentucky," an old-time colored
show, was holding a dancing contest
near my home in Brooklyn, I realized
that my chance had come. We hied
ourselves to the theatre and announced that we had come to carry away
the prize money. I really thought f
was good enough to cop first prize,
but when I went back Hinge and saw
COM.   WED.   EVENING,   MAY   2nd
Four Night, and Tlirec Matl_o_-
BLOSSOM SEEI.Y. with Bonnie
Fields,   Ohatles   Thorp,   and   Warner
Oault, in "Miss Syncopation"
"" EMIL DOKEO    	
Atsop'i Fablea       Topics of the Day
Canadian Path, Nows
niCKETS, Infantile Paralysis, Weak
*"■*■ Eyes, Clubb-feet, are cured by
Osteopathy, Spinal Adjustments, Diet,
Hydro-Therapy, Massage, which are
Sanipraetic methods.
Dr. W. Lee Holder
Seymour 8533
Pender West und GranvUle Streets
gTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.   Cash or
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Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
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Sey. 2399
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquet--, Pot Plimts,
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Soy. 000-012 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. S5I_-I.1_1
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Men's and BoyB'  Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
Dotwooii <tli nnil Htli AVeiitiG-
Men'H WuhIi Tlon in nifty    A*
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Men's    Uncreii-iible    Oxford
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Mon'a     Athletic    Combination
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Mon's Work Pants,    _B   Q|"
fron.        «Pl.!/0
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The secret of
good beer lies
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That's why Cascade Beer has for 35 years
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beverage. No expense has been spared to
ensure purity. It has cost a million dollars to build a plant to accomplish this.
But after testing Cascade Beer, you agree
that it has been worth it.
Insist Upon
FRIDAY... April  27,  1
Is a Very Low Price
for these Superior
Of fine imported English Tweeds that are recognized for their superior wearing qualities and superfine appearance. Practically every, model of the
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and all the wanted colorings are here from the lightest greys, the medium Donegals, to the darker plain
colors. There are styles for the conservative business man, or sports models for the younger man
bent on pleasure, and every suit is the very acme of
the tailors' art, even to the smallest details. Perfect
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45-49 Hastings St., East
Issued by the
Hirtorta printing mih PubliBljinn tto.
All About Victoria, by Alfred Emberson.   Paper covers, 25c; cloth, 36c
Poems and Lyrics, by Mra. Jane E. French.   Paper covers J1.00
Songs Unhidden, by the Prospector.    In paper covers, $1.50;. velvet
sheep  «•»»
"The Prospector's" volume of lyrics sflems to me to tnko Its place among
the books to be reckoned with, by any porson who realizes what is going on in the
Canadian literary world. To say that lie Ih an excellent story-toller Is higher praise
than it would have been before the war, when literature wbb suffering from tho
effects of an epoch of self-contempt, and Stevenson and Wolls had porsunded us ■
that a strango setting and distant epochs wero essential to a readable story or to a
convincing lyric.
AUBREY ST. JpHN-MILDMAY, M. A.,   (Oxford)
The Home Doctor Book—A functional review of the human hody, its
care and treatment of disease. By ;B. L. Hodges. A treatise on
the higher massage; 405 pages, with illustrations, hound in full
cloth covers,   Price -fG.OO
Industrial Peace Found Practical—A presentation by the Society of
Frk-nda.   Price ' 10°
Aunt Emmy Wonts to Know—Who is it Bolshevist and why Be
Peace and What Then?—By the CountesB of Warwick 10c
Inter-Mlled Labor Wnr Aims—Full text of memoranda adopted by
the Allied Labor and Socialist Conference in Loudon, February
Hth, 1916  10c
"Why tbe British Labor Party I-cft Coalition"—(Labor stands out of
the Capitalist Coalition and for a Workers* International) lbe
Labor and the New Socinl Order—A report on reconstruction by the
subcommittee of the British Labor Party 15c
"Tbe Only Way"—A poem of peace,.  By W. E. Pelrce 10c
Communism and Capitalism, by N. Bucharin (Moscow). A review of
capitalism and the causes of its collapse, together with a draft
programme ef the Communist International. In view of the present Industrial condition this pamphlet Is of absorbing interest.
Price  16c
Workers' Party of U. S. A.
Issues May Day
New York—Big business in the United States is amalgamating its industrial and flnanclal forces, therefore,
unless Labor is to be defeated by this
concentrated strength of the opponent
It in turn must amalgamate its forces
in the industrial and political fields.
This is the argument used by the Workers Party in its May Day manifesto:
"The capitalists of the United States
have been united In tho greatest corporations existing in the world. But
they are not satisfied with what they
have achieved in the past through the
trusts. They are creating still greater
"During recent months the packers
have united. Several great steel companies have merged. The great textile
companies have amalgamated. Bank
ing institutions are combining into
greater financial octopuses tban existed bofore. AH along the line the order of the day in the United Statos is
great industrial organization, great
trusts,, more powerful organizations of
capital for the exploitation and oppression of the workers,
"Tou must organize your strength
as the capitalists are organizing their
strength. You must fight the capitalists upon the political field.
"In thc struggles of the textile workers, the miners and thc railway shopmen, the workers learned that they
can hope to protect themselves against
the attacks of the strongly organized
employers and win better conditions
only If their organizations are solidly
Boats Being Developed to
Float, Fly or Act
on Land
[By W.  Francis Ahern]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Melbourne, Australia—In the next
war there will be craft that fly like
hawks, swim like ducks, waddle like
armored tanks, and dive like seals In
approved Jules Verne style.
I havo had an interview" with a
highly-placed military official, who ls
in Australia on a secret mission, and
who, for obvious reasons, does not desire him name to be disclosed. He
makes the following statement:
"Behind closed doors of laboratories and in secluded workshops, and In
lonely bays or remote spaces of the
world, has begun, with government
secret funds, the strangest and weirdest battle of wits that has ever been
embarked  upon.
"Tanks that swim, great metal sea
destroyers that fly, uncanny air machines which dive silently beneath the
water to hide themselves, crews who
must learn to live and fight in three
different elements—land, sea or air—
It Is with such marvels and closely-
guarded schemes that the great push
has begun for world power.
'Great Britain is carrying out tests
secretly. A machine is being built for
the air ministry by the Fairey Co., in
which there are four of the new Condor engines, built by the Rolls-Royce
Co., cleaving the surface of the water
prior to taking wing, and developing
nearly 3000 horse power. \
"To keep abreast of the times, the
British naval authorities have entrusted to a well-known supermarlne company the construction of the largest
flying boat ordered by them since the
war. This winged vessel Is intended
to go out with the fleet for almost any
longth of time desired.
"Its hull when resting on the water
will ride out rough seas. It will taxi
along the water like a surface ship,
or speed off through the air. It is to
have anchors, foghorns, riding lights,
and all the equipment of the ordinary
vessel of the sea, while its crew within the hull will eat and sleep on board
just like the crew of an ordinary naval craft. Designs also are In hand
for machines which will be an amplification of such amphibians aa the
Vlcker's Ticking.'
"The now machine will fight like a
tank on earth, be a super-destroyer
on water, nnd climb to give combat in
tho air, and when concealment Is required, it will fold its wings, seal its
hull and dive like a submarine beneath the surface of the sea.
"TheHe uncanny monsters are to be
cnlled Tessaurins, meaning 'machines
which live in all elements,' Science Is
striving to make these craft both silent and Invincible."
Only Create Labor Troubles
Says Sherman Rogers
of "Outlook"
Chicago—Warning a chamber of
commerce audience here that Labor
spies do not pay and that employers
who use them deserve to fail in businoss, Sherman Rogers of the Outlook,
"Any employer that employs liars
go down and get dope in their plant
is going to have lots of labor trouble,
and he ought lo have a thousand times
more than he has got. If you have
not got foremen with enough human
kindness, with enough gift, and lf you
yourself can't go down there, but have
got to go and hire a born liar to tell
you about your men, well, you ought
to go out of businoss. Any man that
wilj go down and double-cross a man
that he breaks bread with down In the
plants, ls just a low enough snake to
come Into the ofllce and double-crosa
you and he always does just that.
"If you men want to know what
causes labor troubles you just go
home" tonight, close the bathroom
door, and take a look in the looking-
glass and you will be looking at about
nine-tenths of the cause of your
trouble in your plant."
Adviser  of  Big  Business
Advises That Wages
Be Kept Down
Washington—To increase wages is
bad business.
This is the maxim of Roger W. Babson, statistical expert and adviser of
big business. The latest Babson special bulletin says:
"Wage increases just granted will
appear as a deterent feature In next
year's buying. This is especially true
in the case of building wage agreements which have been made for two
Babson lists wage advances in the
building trades in Boston, Chicago,
Cleveland, Denver, Haverhill, Mass.,
Hazelton, Pa., Lynn, Newark, Pittsburgh, Springfield, Mass., St. Louis,
Syracuse, AVaterbury, Worcester and
In the mon's clothing trado advances 'wore secured in Brockton, Mass.,
and Cleveland. Ir.on and Steel Workers gained increases in Clinton, Mass.,
Roading, Pa., Tuskaloosa, Ala., and
Youngstown. Leather Workers gained In Brockton, Mass., and Lumber
AVorkers in Arlington, Wash., and
Quincy, Cal.
Metal trades workers wage Increases are recorded in Elmira, N. Y„
Granlteville, Mass., Great Barrlngton,
Mass., Indian Orchard, Mass., Oaklana
and Bay District, Cal., Titusville, Pa.,
Waterbury, Conn., and Westfleld,
Mass. Increases are also reported in
the mining, paper, printing, rubber,
and transportation industries. Textilo
increases were given in over 100 towns
in the north and south.
"Every increase," he continues, "in
the base rate of wages is a barrier in
the way of our getting down to the
bedrock on which the real prosperity
myst rest. Goods must be sold more
cheaply, and cheaper goods do not result from general wage increases of
the kind wo have boen having. The
usual course is for high wages to
mean undiminished efficiency on the
part of labor."
Counts and
Likewise PRICE
lluildlng Permits
,_prll 19—1628—12th Ave. West, M.
G. Hunt, dwelling, $3500; 1341—3rd
Ave. East, H. Burnham. dwelling,
J2000;837 Howe. Bnynes & Horle, alterations, $2100; 872 Howe, BayneH &
Horle, warehouse, tlflOO; 1920 Wylle,
B. C. Telephone Co., garage, $18,000;
4040 St. Catherine, J. Carlson, dwelling,  $3000.
April 23—2751 Tlrumph, C. Mclvor,
dwelling. $2600; 2484 Pt. Grey Hoad,
R. J. Snelgrove, dwelling, $6000; 3659
Oxford, T. Taylor, dwelling, J2500;
1163 Pender East, .1. Thompson,
dwelling, $2500.
April 24—986—I4lh Ave. Bast, _l.
J. Baker, dwelling, $4000.
April 26—2566 Oxford, ,T. W. Palmer, dwelling, $2500; 2486 Pandora
S. J. Newell, dwolllng, $5000; 631-36-
39—15th Avo East, West Broom Wits,
factory, $5000; 420—13th Ave. West.
Mrs. O. Moran, dwelling. $5000; foot
Rogers Street. Dom. Const. Co.. warehouse, $60,000; 2546 Bton Street, Del
belt Nunn. dwelling, $2500.
"A Good Place to Eat"
—Because they are well
—Because they are well
—Because the  fabrics
are good;
—Because durability is
built into them.
Because the
Prices flre Low
$21.50 $25
Cor.  Homer  and  Hastings
Children's Shoe Specials
For Saturday Selling
Strong, serviceable, hard wearing Boys' Shoe, in
boarded black box kip, fully lined; all solid leather
throughout.    Sizes 1 to 5-^. d»Q   gf\
Saturday value    «pO«OU
Little Gents' Box Calf Shoes, with two full soles; a
stout little shoe that will givo tho max- An QC
lmum of service.   Sizes 8 to 10-&     tP-MtvO
Goodyear welted Big Boys' Dress Shoes. These are
exact duplicates of our men's lines. They come in
either black or brown Calfskin. _t% £\t\
Sizes 1 to 6Vj.   Per pair    «PD»UU
Classic brand of Misses' brown and black calfskin
Boots, with good heavy soles.   An ex-    A*>   f_ti\ j*
ueptionally good wearer.   Sizes 11 to2....   «PO«OU \
To clear, a line of Children's Stitchdown Shoes, in
sizes from 6 to 8. We have reduced the price much
below our cost.    See these at,
per pair.....	
They .will not last long at thia price.
Colored Top  Patent Leather Button Shoes,
lines have patent vamps and either red
or white tops.   Size 8 toj.0%	
oes.    These
DTCDDU   DADTC   *i Hastings!
-TlrllVJXLl   Jr/iJxiO    STREET WEST)
Cost of Living Risen Out of
All Proportion to
[By Louis P. Lochner]
(Federated Press Correspondent)
Berlin—The story of Germany's impoverishment may be graphically told
by comparing the economic lot of the
organized worker today with his lot
in 1914. Such a comparison puts a
stop at once to the argument often
advuncod abroad and also frequently
heard, in non-working class circles in
Germany, that compared with prewar times, the workers' wages are now
Here are figures furnished me by
the Genoral Federation of Free Trade
Unions: The weekly wage in marks of
a metal worker Ih today 1868 times
that of 1914; printer, 1279 times; building trades worker, 1488 times; clothing workor, 2050 times; miner, 1350
times, and shoemaker, 2018 times that
of 1914.
Sounds big, doesn't lt? To get from
1279 to 2050 marks for every mark
you earned nine years ago!
But here is the sad ending to the
story: While thc wages of an organized workor have gone up in paper
marks as much as 2000 per cent., the
cost of living has gone up much more.
I take at random the current prices
for various commodities and comparo
them with prices current in 1914:
Ono pound of lard costs today 8000
limes what it cost in 191*1; ono pound
of peas, 8300 times; one pound beef,
7067 times; ono pound lentils, 6400
times; ono pound shellfish, 8000 times;
100 grams wool, 10,000 times, and 100
While paper wages have risen 1279
to 2050 per cent., the cost of articles
of daily use has gone up 6400 to 10,-
000 per cent. At best the German
worker today receives only one-third
of what he got in 1914.
Prop., A. ADAMS, Typo. Union 226
Patronize Fedorationist advertisers.
The Oliver Rooms
Everything Mml-in
Kates Reasonable
Where is your Union button?
Every Mon.. Wed. tnd Sat. Evening! i
804 HOENBT ST. Opp. Court B<
Upstairs at 653 ORANVILLE STREET
Hear Maurice Spectoi
And the Fourth Congress of the Communist International
CoinrfUlc Spector wns also at the Congress of tlie Rett
Internntioiial held In Moscow
Sunday, April 29th, 1923
Tuesday, May 1st, 1923
Roth meeting!- will commence nt 8 p, in.
A MASTERFUL presentation of the background of thc Michigan Criminal Syndicalism Case, tbe high (il
of tho prosecution and thc dofenso, nnd a clear cut statement of thc issues Involved. No onc who wll
to keep Informed about tho development or thc governmental attacks on lubor can afford to miss litis bri]
pamphlet. For thoSc who want to aid In tho defense of thc men and women now being prosecuted, It I
absolute necessity. ;]
24 pages, 6 Ins. by »
Ins. Cover design by
Fred Ellis; Illustrated
with 25 pictures of the
principals of thc defense and the prosecution, and of scenes
taken at the Poster
A permanent con|
tton to Amerlcai,
bor literature,
smashing attae.
the La bor-baiter*
f their masters, the,
tains' of Industry
spirited dofense <|
rights of labor.   \\
■ DUlEif	
Published  by tlie LABOB DEFENSE  OOUNOIL,  166  W.
Washington St., Chicago, III.    Price 10 cents.
Help the .Michigan Defense by putting u copy of this pamphlet In thc hands of every worker, every
liberty.   Order a bundle to sell at union and mass meetings.
10 dents a oopy, ll tor 25 cents, M for a        |
dollar. $11,50 per hundred. Postpaid nny _m.,osl,{X |llcllsc ,|lld t tor c|
place in the V. S. or Canada. | or ^ ^^ 1)EpENS-, covya_ ,,AM1,11LET.
Address   all   communications  and   make
checks payable to • | N-MK	
Iloiiin  .107,  mo W. Washington Street
Chicago, Illinois I       _    CHy^...^...~—....—...-...—.—.--.


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