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The British Columbia Federationist Feb 21, 1919

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still dragging
Most Progressive Gathering1
Held in the History of
This Organization
Great Things Are Expected
From the Western
(Special to The Federationist.)
The annual convention of District
18 of the United Mine Workera of
America opened at Calgary on Monday,
Ot delegates, five of whom were
Oreat War veterans, being presont. In
welcoming tho delegates, Alex. Boss,
M. L, A., stated that ho had been listening to the speeches in the Alberta
Legislature during tho past fow days,
and he had arrived at tho conclusion
that tho Alberta government was making no oflort to .deal with the labor
situation. Ho elaimod that the Do-,
minion govornment, by its catering entirely to roturnod men, and not giving any consideration to those that
wero being displaced, was causing
hatred and dissension between tho roturned men aud civilians.
President Biggs, in oponing the convention, stated that it was ncoeBsary
that thc delegates givo thoir undivided attention to tho problems that
must be solved, and urged that the
delogatos bring forth thoir ideas so
that thoir goal may be reached.
Monday morning was taken up in
reading officers' roports, and other routine mattors.
Soldior Question
Monday aftornoon was givon up to
a special order of business dealing with
tho returned soldior questions. After
considerable discussion, during which
it was pointod out that about throe
thousand of the minors of this district
had joined the - Canadian forcos, and
that a shortening of the hours of labor
would tond to relieve tho unemployed
situation, thore being at present 9,000
miners idle, President-elect Christopher
statod that the shortening of the hours
of labor would only be a temporary
thing, and that the nationalising of
the industry was ossential.
David Bees, representing the Inter*
national, Btated that there waa a ooun-
try-wldo move to oause dissension between the roturned men. and the civilian population. Be recited the recent
attempts *to break up   working   claaa
nployers "Stick at Scope
j| of Enquiry to Be
of Metal Trades
to Commission
to Scope
meetings., at .proof of this statoment.
Several delegatea took the stand that
the problems that face the soldiers,
who on their return becomo workers,
eould only bo solved by a joining of
forces of tho two elements. After
many motions and many amendments
had beon made, the following waa
adoptod. That Voterane Irvine, Long-
worth and Evans, and Delegates Irvine
Lovltt and F. Whcatley bo a committeo
to draft a resolution te be submittod
to tho convention.
- The following is the resolution!
drawn up by the committee:
"That this convontion go on record
as demanding for the returned men sf
tno army and naval forces, that their
membership tn our organisations bt
hold continuous, aad that they be reinstated at tha aame clan of labor la
aad around tho minea when they wen
employed beforc enlisting or taking
servico in the army and naval forces;
also that they ahould be given preference of employment where men an
being employed.
"We further recommend, realiiing
that tho Interests of the mass of tho
returned men and that of tho body of
Organised Labor are Identical, that
the District Executive Board be empowered to enter into negotiations with
tho reprosoatativos of the returned soldiers to consider moans whereby jus-
tic may bo aeoured for them—the returned soldiers—not at the expense or
sacrifice of tho worker, but as an act
ot truo justice on the part of tho nation, end that this convention pledges
itself to support any programmo or
adopt any means necessary to secure
that end."
On Tuesday, after an exhaustive
discussion, a resolution deprecating tho
tone of tho International official organ, was unanimously endorsed, Tho
following resolution was also adopted:
"Whereas thousands of our class
havo died in tho groat fight for do
mocracy, which waa aided by ull workers throughout the empire, thut this
convontion considers that    the    sup-
When the Boyal Commission appointed to Investigate into the shipyard dis-
Suto met on Monday morning, Mr.
ustlce Murphy, tho chairman, intimated that tne employers of the Metal
Trades Association contended that as
the commission was'not appointed to
go into mattors pertaining te the Bobertson agreemont that they would be
willing for the matters arising out of
that agreemont, and the awards mado
by Adjuster Macdonald, being submitted to a board of arbitration, one
representative to bo appointed by the
mon affected and anothor by* tho Metal
Trades Association, the chairman to be
mutually agreed upon. The employers'
association also suggestod that as
thero was an aggravated situation tn
Victoria, that full publlctly should be
given to thoir suggestions.
T. Fawkes, representing the Boilermakers, contended that the government
was in duty bound to keep* the men
employed In tho shipyards, and* to see
that they would bo paid a living wago,
as it was duo to tho action of tho government that tho British* Columbia
shipbuilders wore not able to' tako
furthor contracts, which they had tho
opportunity of doing, because the govornment refused to allow them to do
so, contending at the timo that it waa
going to build up a Canadian merchant
marine. Mr. Fawkes further contended that tho shipyard workors wero as
muoh entitled to a living wago aB were
the shipyard mon on tho othor side of
the lino, and as the government had
proventod ships being built by private
enterprise, that it was its duty to see
that tho men wero fully omplnycd for
at least tho timo that tho private contracts, whieh wero turned down, would
havo kopt them employed.
Tho exocutive of tho Metal Tradea
Counoll refused to havo the matter submitted to a board of arbitration, On
Thursday morning Mr. Young of the
Metal Trados Association offend to
have tho mattor of the Bobertson
agreement dispute settled by a Boyal
Commission, tho suggestod commission's scope to bo confined to Clause
15 of tho Bobertson agreement, which
it as follows:
"18. Thete rules to remain in offect
for tho poriod of the war. The wage
rates will bo revised every throe
months according to official information on the eost of living as published
in the Labor Gazette of tho Department of Labor of the Dominion of Canada as applicable to tho Provinoe of
British Columbia,"
The representatives of the men
stated that the limitation of the acopo
of the eommission was not likely to be
accepted, but that they would deal
with the matter In executive. They
also-stated that thoy thought that the
Hope of tho enquiry would have to
cover the eatlro Bobertson agreemont.
Mr. Toung stated that he would place
the matter bofore the special committeo of the employen' association, but
3> to S p.m. no decision had beon ar-
ved at by ihis committee, and the
Metal Trades Council then gave tho
following decision to tho employers:
"Wt aro prepared to agree to. placo
our dispute with tho Motal Trados Association in the hands of a Boyal Commission, providing that the suggested
commission take as its scopo tho Robertson agrcomont in its entirety. We
intend in any caso to proceod with our
case in -the disputo with tho Coughlan
firm tomorrow (Friday) morning."
New XHrtctots and oaetn
at Meeting of ths
The annual meeting of the shareholders of tho British Columbia Federationist, Limited, was held on Wednetday ovening, in the Labor Templo.
Secretary-Treasurer J. H. McVoty presented the financial ttattment for tht
year at audited and found correct bf
the auditors of the company, Messrs.
Crehan and Mowat, chartered accountants. The report waa accepted,
aftor aome little discussion. There
being two vacancies on tho board of
dlrecton, Messrs. F. Knowles aad W.
Prltchard were elected to fill tho va'.
cancles. At a meeting of tho directon
of tho company, hold at the conclusion
of the shareholders' meeting, V. B.
Midgloy was reelected president and
F. Knowles was oleetod secretary-
Shipbuilders Rave Choir
Tho   Vancouvor   shipbuilders
now got a malo choir going, All those
wishing to join should call at the Ash
Hall, corner of 19tH and Fraser, on
Tuosday or Friday evenings at 7.30.
The choir is conducted by that well-
known tenohcr, "Morris Jones."
prcsslon of working olass literature is|P_-V> "r: ?"',"' "•""'""rui m-m-i.
one of the most autooratlc actB ovofT™w»rt * w_oMi, Dr. Arthur, Vancou.
Inflicted on the peoplo. Therefore, bo
it resolved, that we go on record aa
most emphatically opposed to such autocracy, and request the executivo of
tho Tndes Congress' to petition tho
government to remove such ban from
said litenturo. And be it further resolved, that unless the request bo conceded by the govornment, that the
executivo tako a atrike voto of Canadian Organlied Labor as a means of
protecting our Inheritance and libor*
I PoUtlcal Pritontrs
Another resolution calling for the
removal ot the censorship, and the ro*
leaso of political prisoners, was adopt*
A resolution censuring tho authorities for the shooting of Albert Goodwin, was endorsod. Nearly a whole
duy was spent in diBcusBing the advisability of abolishing the contnet systom and substituting the day wage.
This question was finally disposed ot
by a motion to circularise all tht local
unions on the American continont on
tliis quostion.
* Tho convontion Is one of the moat
progressive gatherings that has ever
boon held In tho country, and ihe delegates aro unanimous in tho support of
the Western Conference to be neit) in
March, and great things are expected
frimt this gathoring.
(Ia Taacsmsv
am. it.*)*)
AO Parts of the Province
Will Bc Represented at
Annual Gathering
Kingsley to Speak at North
at New Westminster
The above is tho Labor Party list
of speakers for'Sunday noxt and in addition Mr. B. P. Pettipiece will visit
the Capital. City for tho same purpose.
Although it was the first Sunday at
tho Theatre Boyal fer the F. L. P.,
tho houBO was packed to the limit last
Sunday well beforo advertised starting
Tho Columbia Theatre last Sunday
at New Westminster was filled to hear
Kingsley. Woodsworth on Sunday next
will speak there on "The Alien in
Next Sunday afternoon will bo
Kingsley'b lirst visit to tho North Vancouver branch at K. of P. Hall, whero
the meeting starts at 8 o'clock, with
Mrs. Lorimer in the chair.
This will bo one of Mrs. Lorimer's
busy days, as sho will also occupy tho
chair at the evening nieeting whon
Dr. Curry speaks at the Boyal Theatre.
Membors ot the party who have signified thoir wish to assist in musical
work aro requested to attend Granville
Hall at 4 p.m. Sunday, 641 Granville
Stnet, when Mr. Haywood will be on
hand to lead.
Labor Party Bchool "*
A change of programme haa been decided upon in the adult section of the
school, when it is the intention of the
committoe to institute a Labor Forum.
The speaker will lead off on givon subjects for IS minutes, followed by five-
minute speeohes and genoral dls*
cusslon. Tho topic on Sunday noxt
will be. "Unemployment," to be led
by Dr. Curry, Mr. Welsh Lee in tho
chair. School moots at 2.30 p.m., 041
Granville Street.
South Hastings Branch
This local is holding regular weokly
meetings at the fire hall on Nootka
Street. Last Wednesday Messrs.
Woodsworth and Trotter visited the
branch and Mr. Woodsworth gavo an
address on tho aims of the party, using
one of his descriptive charts to illustrate his points.
Hotel tad Bottanrsnt Bmployoes
Local 88 held Its regular meeting
Wednesday afternoon. Three mombors
wero initiated. Considerable discussion
came up regarding .eating in Chinese
Tho local elected a delegate to go
to the eonvention at Calgary, alao endorsod soveral resolutions to be submitted to the convention dealing with
the Oriental situation.
Tho postponed dance will bo hold In
the Dominion Hall en Wodnesday, February 28. A lajge turnout ia anticipated. Membors are requested to tako
notioo that tho noxt meoting of tho
local will bo held Wednesday aftornoon, February 211, instoad of 8 o'clock
The following restaurants are still
on tho "unfair list": McLeod's Cafo,
Mclntyre'8 Cafo, PoBt Offlce Cafe,
Leonard's Cafe. Mombors of Organised Lnbor aro requested to tako notice aud patronize eating houses that
are fair to this loeal.
Western Conference WiU Be
a History Maker and
WeU Attended.
That the annual convention of the B.
C. Federation of Labor and the
Western Conforonco will be well
attended,. io now a certainty.
Victoria will havo at least 20 delegatee
in attendance, and If that percentage is
kept up all over tho province, the annual convention of the provincial body
should bo the best attended for'somo
years*,in spito.of the fact that it is
being held in Calgary, to enable the
dolegates to attond tho Western Conference* The secretary of the provincial organization, reportB that credentials are coming in from all points, and
that tfie interost being displayed in
thia year's gathering is greater than on
previous occasions. All the largest organizations in the oity have already
elected their delegates, and eeveral new
affiliations havo been made. It is expected that the Shipyard Laborers will
be tho next organization, to affiliate.
This is the only large organization in
Vancouver that has not become affiliated. The Victoria Shipyard Laborers will bo represented by six delegates.
From the othor western provinces,
word has been received that there will
be full representation in attendanco at
the Western Conference. Tho Labor
Tomple at Calgary haB been secured for
the two gatherings, and ample accommodation will be provided for all committees. A real welcome is assured to
the visitors to the Prairie City.
Reduced Foo for Men Wbo Havo Hewed at the Rout It
The A. 8. U. B. Carpenten of Victoria hold their regular meeting on the
13th, at thit meeting it waa decided
to Bend two dolegates to the B. C.
Federation of Labor convention and to
the Western Conforonco at Calgary.
Bros. E. W. Ellis and t. Stevenson using elected is delegates. That tho period of organising activities ia not ytt
over, ia proved by tho tact thtt 18
new memben woro admitted at' thia
meeting, and four clearance cards received. Bros. Ley, Bartholme and
Swing were appointed as delegates to
the newly formed Dlstriot Couneil of
Carpentera. The action of the Shipwrights in demanding full initiation
fees from returned soldiers who havo
not seen activo sorvico at the front**
was endoned, asd the reduced nto of|
entrance fee will only apply to those
men that have seen service at the
Milk Salesmen -and Dairy Bmployoes
Tho election of officers will be held
at the noxt mooting, Monday, February 2. Considerable progress is being made with this industrial union,
and all readors of the Fedorationist
can help by asking their dairy if they
employ union help. The Hillcrest Dairy
is all organlted. Turner's Dairy is
still bucking aud docs not employ
union help. Membera of Organised
Labor by using their economic power
in purchasing somo one elso'a milk oan
show Mr. Turner which aide of tho
fonoo ho is on, aa he adopts the old
Kaiserllko attitude of refusing to lot
his mon join a trade union, thus sotting
himself up as their chit*?. Tathor con*
Empress Theatre Meetings
Are Well Attended
by Workers
That the workers of Vancouvor
realizo the necessity for acquiring an
education along the lines of scientific
Socialism, is evidenced by tho crowds
that turn out every Sunday night to
hear the speakers of tho Socialist
Party of Canada at the Empress Theatre. The future belongs to the working class. Thoy and they only can
solve the probloms arising today. To
attack theso problems intelligently it
is necessary to understand tho social
structure of society os ot presont constituted.
To explain thoso things is tho function of the Socialist Party; to acquire
a knowledge of them is the duty ef
every member of tho working claBs.
J, Harrington is the speaker next
Sunday; tho doors aro open at 7.30;
chair taken at 8 p.m. After tbo conclusion of tho speaker's address tho
mooting is thrown open for questions
and discussion.
Deducting Medical Fees Under Section
21 (4) of the Workmen's
Compensation Act
Abbotsford Timber & Trading Com
pany, Dr. Swift, Abbotsford;   Blodcl,
Ver; B. C. Mills, Timber & Trading
Company, Alert Bay, Columbia Coaat
Mission; B. C. Sulphite Fibre Company, Howe Sound, Dr. Patton, Van*
couver; Colonial Pulp * Paper Com*
pany, Quatsino, Dr. Steveston, Quat-
slno; Comox Logging Kailway, Courtenay, Dr. Millard, St. Joseph
Hospital, . Comox; Empire Pulp
and Paper Company, Swanson Bay, Dr.
Bayfield, Swanson Bay; Frnser Mills,
Sapperton, Dr. Scott, Now Westminster; Cordon Development. Company,
Half Moon Bay, Dr. Worthingion, Vancouver; Howo Sound Timber Company,
Dr. B. E. McKcohuil), Vancouvor; Key*
stone Logging Company, Mission, Dr.
jProwd, Vancouver; Lamb Lumber Com-
.puny, Wulffshon Bay, Dr. Arthur, Vancouver; McNoir Shingle Company, Co*
jqultlatu, Dr. Sutherland, Coquitlam;
McDonald-Murphy Company, Campbell
River, Campbell Biver Hospital; Northorn Pacific Logging Company, Oreenway Sound, Dr. Arthur, Vancouver;
Pacific Mills, Occun Falls, local hospi-
t»l controlled by workmen; Pitt River
iShlngle Company, Pitt Biver, Dr. Sutherland, Coquitlam; Port Moody Shingle
Company, Dr. Symraos, Port Moody;
Reynolds Timber Con.pnny, Port
Moody, Dr. Bymnit's, Port Moody;
ThurstonFlavolle Lumber Company,
Port Moody, Dr. Bymtncs, Port Moodyf
Victoria Lumber and Manufacturing
Company, Ckcmiunua, Cbcmaimu Hospital.
At tho last mooting of the Shipwrights, it wus decided to sond two
dolegates to the B. C. Federation of
Labor convention, and tho wosteru conference. J. W. Wilkinson and J. Nixon
wero the delegates elected.
South Vancouvor Labor Party
The    South   Vancouvor   Federated
Labor Party wil hold a general mooting on Wodnesday, March 6, in Boom
910 Dominion Building.
One-Blg-Unlon Congress Moots in
Molbourno, Australia.—As a further
atep toward realizing tho project for
a One-Big-Unlon of all the working-
men of Australia, the Commonwealth
One-Big-Union Congress was held in
Melbourne beginning January llth.
Thore was in attendance representatives of all the Australian statos. Beports showed thot a vigorous campaign
of education had gono on throughout
the Commonwealth among the labor
bodies, and that a special paper, "The
One*Hig*Union Horald," had been
established as tho official organ of tho
Workers' Industrinl- Union of Australia.
* (No furthor dotails concerning this
congress aro available at thiB time, and
wo shall probably have to wait until
AnBtrnllnn labor papors reach ns bofore boing uble to give tho full ro-
|. suits.)
$1.60 PER YEA!
Three Delegates Are Elected to Go to Annual
One Camp Delegate Sends
in Twenty-four New
The regular meeting held on Sunday
last recognized tho importance of the
forthcoming provincial and Western
Labor Conference at Calgary In March
and decided to send threo dolegates,
Brothers Mucc, McEoncle and Winch
being eleoted. Bros. Green, Bush and
McKenzie wero elected aa delegates to
the Trades Council.. The next meeting
will discuss various questions which it
is proposed to deal with at the conforonco, and instruct tho delegates in ac*
eordanco with the decisions arrived at
by. the membership. Tho membors
strongly favored tho holding of fre*
3uent meotings in campa and outlying
istricts whero members can get togothor, and it is hoped that these meetings will ultimately be .the medium of
arriving at a comprehensive plan of organization and objective; in fact it
would appear that from these eamp
and district gatherings should como the
camp delogatos who would form the organization or executive counoll, which
would prepare and submit to the entire
membership somo concrete proposal
upon which tho organization oen base
its actions.
The organization has already adoptod the slogan of "a thousand a
month," and thero is every evidence of
this being an easy accomplishment.
Why not add tho now maxim, "organization on the job and upwardt" Camp
delogate No. 13 knocked the bottom
out of an out-of-date superstition by
sending in $100 and 24 new members
from a camp of 26. No. 11 sends ia a
preliminary list of 24 volunteors, and
says "send some more supplies as he
has a waiting list." It becomes daily
more obvious that there are no Blacken
amongst the boys,
The social committeo report arrange*
I ments for an "organization"  dance
New Press Will Be in Operation for First March
The circulation of Tho Fedorationist
is going up weekly, this week the increase is 600, and with tho first issuo
in March,.it is oxpected that the circulation will havo reached 25,000. Tho
Installation of the new press by the
prlnten of tho Fedorationist, Cowan *
Brookhouse, has boon delayed owing to
eortain parts being hold up In transit,
but at the latest It will bo in oporation
for the first issuo in March Ten and
perhaps twelvo pages will be tho size
of Tho Fedorationist from that date, if
it is at all possible, but this will, depend largoly on the support given to
our advertisers. The increase in tho
circulation has made it increasingly
difficult to got out on timo, with the
old press, but us soon as the now ono
is iu oporation, u better service than
evor will bo possible. Hcndors will holp
considerably if whon changing thcir
addresses, thoy will let us hnve the old
as well ns the now one.
Palntera Affiliate
Tho Paintors last night decided to
affiliate with the British Columbia Federation of Labor and will send a delegate.
SUNDAY, Fob. 23—Typographical Union, Sawyers and Filers,
Machinists No. 777, Ico Work-
MONDAY, Feb. 24—Brotherhood
of Carpentors No. 617, Boilermakers, Eloctrical Workers,
Steam Enginoers, Amalgamated Engineers, Patternmakers,
Upholsterers, Iron' Workors,
Straet Ballwaymen 's Exocutive.
TUESDAY, Feb. 2S—Canadian
Brothorhood Railway Employees, Div. No. SO, Barbers,
Amalgamated Carpenters, Machinists No. 777.
WEDNESDAY, Fob. 20-Gos
Workera, Mefhl Trades Coun*
cil, Boilermakers' Examining
Board, Hotel and Restaurant
Employees, Tenmsters and
Chauffeurs, Laundry  Workors.
THURSDAY, Fob. 27—Shipwrights, Locomotive Firemen
and Engiueinen, Caulkers,
Shoot Motul Workers, Painters, Machinists No. 182.
FBIDAY, Feb. 28—Pile Drlvors
and Wooden Bridgemen, .Tow-
elry Workors, Boilermakers'
Exocutive, Shipyard Laborers,
Plumbers, Mill nnd Fnctory
SATURDAY, March 1—Blacksmiths, Machinists No. 777, As*
bestos Workors.
Laborers, Blggors and Fsetenon
Tho above local hold its rojular Th.rs*lay. Feb. 27.
moeting In the Labor Templo on Fri-<
day, 14th Inst. The chief mattor nn*
dor discussion waa the business agent'b
report aa to -the Boyal Commission.
Brother McLean * reported to the
oxecutivo conference, whieh was held
in Soattle Monday to Wednesday. The
locnl decided to send two delogutes to
Cnlgary for tho coming "convention,
Bros. Loo and Sully being elocted and
Brother Nelson as alternato.
Tho rocommondation of the Metal
Trados Council ro vessels coming to
Vnncouvor from Seattlo for repairs,
was concurred in, ond members were
instructed not to handle such work.
I and whist drivo In the headquartera on I
i •*■__.   ..   Tieketa, genta, ♦!,]
Khaki Union Comes in for
Some Caustic
Organized Labor and Returned Men's Representatives to Meet
Last night'a Trades and Labor
Council meeting waa a very busy ono,
many matten being dealt with. In
view of the amount of businoss that
accumulates botweon meetings, a notice of motion waa made to amend tho
constitution to provide fer weekly
meetings. The executive coramlttoo
recommended that a stenographer bo
secured to assist the secretary. Ths
recommendation waa carried.
Minister of Labor and Lahor Supply
Owing to press dispatches quoting
the Minister of Labor as having statea
in Hamilton that there was a demaad
for men in British Columbia, tho secretary reported that he had wired to
Senator Boberteon, asking him if ths
press statemonta wore true, .the minister replying that the reports wero
without foundation., A communication
was receivod from the Carponters' District Council, which stated that ths
Vancouver Carpenten wero going to
attempt to establish the six-hour dsy
on the firat of May. On the recommendation of tho executive, tho matter waa
referred to tho delegates to tho B. C.
Fedoration of Labor Convontion, and '.
tho Western Conference.
A wiro was received from President
Moore of tho Trades Congress of Canada, and a letter from President
Kosher of tho Canadian Brotherhood
of Bailway Employees, re the dual organization of expreas employeea. The
communication and the wiro were referred to the speeial committee of tno
council dealing with thla question*.
Beterondnm an General Strike
Tho secretary reported that he had
received additional returna from ths
local unions On tho referendum tot*
for a goneral atriko to securo tno
speech and assembly, if theso rights
wcro threatened.   Ho statted that ho
Teamsten and Chauffeurs
Tbo teamsters havo'decided to sond
four delegates to Calgary and have
oleetod G. Orant, F. J. Haslett, J. F.
Poole and V. B. Midgloy to represent
them. Tho following firms havo been
put oa tho unfair list: Bennett's
Transfer Company, 07 Alexandor
Street, and Dixon Bros., teaming contractors. The last named firm is hauling for tho Bitchio Contracting Company, Bobertson ft Hackott Woodyard,
and tho Dollar Woodyard on Bidwcll
Streot, besides renting outside teams.
Machinists Ladies' Auxiliary
The Machinists' Auxiliary roports a
very good meoting on February 20,
ono member being initiated and quite
a lot of reportB camo in. Mr. A. S.
Wolls addressed the meeting, which
was most interesting nnd encouraging
to the ladios in their work.
This'ledge iB arranging a benefit concert for Mrs. Carr of North Vancouver,
who has recently lost her husband, thc
family being in urgent need. Notice
will bo givon ns to dote, place, otc,
iu noxt week's Federationist, niid ull
machinists' members are nskod to
mnko this u benefit worth while.
Machinists 777
Locnl 777 of tho Machinists will hold
a spccinl meeting on Hundnv next, February 23, in Room 301 Labor Temple,
and nil members aru requested to attend this meeting, us business of much
importnnce will be dealt with.
Business Agont Moore uud Presidont
McEucherun, of the Boilermakers, huve
left for Portland to attend the district
convention at that point.
Strikes to Bo Regulated Under
Mexico City, Mexico. — President
Carranza has proposed an amendment
to the constitution of Mexico for the
regulation of strikes and tho taking
over of thu great industrial properties
of the country. Tho amendment con-
tains the following provisions:
i "Tho Mexican government has a
right to impose, nt any time, upun private property any chnnges or modifications that it deems beneficial to public
welfare. For tho purpose of making n
fair distribution of public wealth and
aiming toward its preservation, thn
government shall also be entitled to
regulate the exploitation und utility of
'those natural elements found' in the
country nud which mny In* simccptihlo
of appropriation. Privato concorns or
negotiation's of public utility, owned
by individuals or societies, shull havo
no right to suspend tlieir business us
a result or from any other similar
causes, without previous authorization
from thc executive. The government
shull be empowered to I uke over such
private concerns, provided thnt lt is believed the suspension of litem muy be
detrimentnl to the interests of society,
or may iinpuir public services."
will.be lb** m enjoyment and mt\^^%^ S___i_ST__
profit is tbe object hr view.
Bro. Jack Arnold in hospital bu recovered from tbe "flu.", bnt is having
a bad time with rheumatism.
As reportod last weok, a numbor of
firms arc  deducting monthly  hospital
fees without authority.   Only tho firms
in tho list givon in this issuo aro authorized by tho Workmen's Compensation Board to charge a monthly fee for
accident   and   sickness,   and   in   theso
coses tho workmon must secure attention from    tho   particular   doctor to j
whom hu  is contributing,
or more workmen    havo    voluntarily
mado a request to the   employer,   in
writing, under Set-tions 12 to 46 ot the
"Master and Servants Aet," to deduct
tho amount agreed upon and pay tho
same to the physician Releotod by the
workmon,   any   deduction   over   and
above the one eent per day is illegal.
Members should tako particular notice i
that tho W. C. Aet requires that every:
employer huving more than ten and
less than fifty workmen usually em-,
ployed must have a first aid kit containing certain specified supplies readily available, without cost to tho work*
men, nnd in chargo of a suitable porson.
Where 200 or more workmen arc usually employed, there must be an emergency first aid room, painted white nnd
kept absolutely sanitary at ull times.
This room shall be in charge of a person possessing a certificate of competency to render first aid to the injured.
It* these requirements nro not being
fulfilled it's up lo you to report tho
mutter to the hoard or your own head-
quarters. A "live" union logger is
nn asset to ii ih organization, a "dead"
one in of no tiH.t to Ood or man. Send
in ami get a copy of the requirements
for first aid equipments. The next
meeting is on Huudoy, nt 2 p.m., at the
Machinists District Oonneil Has Re
quests from Many Quarters
for Men
Whilo thoro are many machinists out
nf work in this locality, the District
Council is receiving circulars culling tit
tention to the urgent need for mnehin
ists on a number of rnilronds in various
parts of the United States. A request
qan been received from tho grand lodge
asking thnt the district couneil will do
Ull that is possible to help supply the
demand on thit Chesapeake and Ohio,
Norfolk and Western, Atlantic Const
line, tho Elgin, Joliet and Eastern nnd
the Interstate Knilroads, which hnvo
vucuncics for 507 machinists at various
points on their systems, apart from
other requests from other places, total*
ling about 500. In all of these jobs,
the men are sure that union conditions
prevail, and better conditions than Ami;
ally prevail in contract shops.
. 1'he offlcors of the district council
state thnt while they havo no desire to
see the members leave Vancouver, that
in face of the threats used by several
l-ociil employers, as, to the shutting
down of their plunts, that they would
be pleased to see the members consider
the advisability of making a move.
United Warehousemen's Association
AM membors are requested to attend
tho next rogular meeting of this association on March 7, as the nominations
for officers for the ensuing six months
will he called for and the entertain-
ment committee report that they have
a splendid programme arranged for
that evening. All mombors please not
this dnte, and past-, the word ulong to
their brother members.
voto, the Bakery Salesmen being opposed to the general strike.
The executivo recommended that tk*
council endeavor to purehue tto
shares whieh were held by Individual*
in the B. C7" AdiratJonfst, Limited.
This recommendation wss adopted.    --■.
Returned Soldiers and Conndl
A communication was received from
Welsh Lee, enclosing a letter from the
Great War Veteran*--, which stated tbat
that orgnnization hod elected six representatives to meet tho representatives
Unless -301nf l'"'  council  on  tho matter of re-
.....   I construction.     Tho  secrotary  was  in-
Htrutced to comnfunicato with tho other
veterans' organ j nations, snd the eoun-
il elected the following ns its representatives: Delogatos Kavanagh, Midgloy, Alexander, Pritchard, Showier ud
Businoss Agent Midgley reported oa
his activities during the past two
weeks, and stated that a mooting hnd
beon arranged through Captain Wore-
nop, with Peter Wright, but that although the mombors of the executire
waited about an hour, that Mr. Wright
did not turn up. He also reportod that
Mr. T. Molloy, secretary of tho
Saskatchewan Department of Labor,
bad boon in tho eity, and that he ha*
explained how tho labor bureaus of
that province woro operated by a committee representing the employors and
tho workors, and which had worked
with considerable satisfaction.
President Winch reported us to the
annual shareholders' meeting of the'
Labor Templo Company, and that oight
new directors had beon appointed, and
(unt at a later date the directors would
give tho council all particulars as to
tho position of tho company. Ho also
stated that while the incomo from rente
nad increased 02 per cent, during the
last year, that thero had beon a loss
of $5*0011 miring tho yeur. The report
Was adopted.
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees
reported that members of Organized
Labor wero eating in Chinese eating
houses. It was moved that tho executive, and tho executivo of tbe Hotel!
und Restaurant Employcci meet to-
discuss ways nnd means to eliminate*
the Chinese restaurants and eating:
The Teamsters reported that they
were pulling their men out from the
Dollar Compnny, and that endeavor*
wero being made to organise the milk
wagon drivers. It was also pointed out
that tho it was not necessary to purchase wood from Hindus. It waa ahw
reported that thev had succeeded ia
organizing thc drivers of the lumber
The Boot and Shoe Workora reported
that thoir employers thought that the
time was ripe for a reduction in wages,
but thst no reduction would take place,
The Painters reported that they had
126 members unemployed.
Delegate Knowles ef the Amalgamated Postal Workers moved tho following resolution:
'Whereas a Civil Service Commission was deputed to investigate into
the grievances of tho postal employees,
ns one of the terms of settlement of
the strike in 1918; and
'' Whereas, said com m isslon has
recommended to the government thnt
all postal employees should have a
weekly hnlMioliduy ull the year round;
and _^^^^^^^
"Wlioreus, tho government lms failed thus far to agree;
"Therefore he it resolved that this
council endorse the demands of the
postal employees for a weekly half-
liolfduy nil the year round, and instruct
the secretary to send copies of this I
resolution   to   the   focal   members   of
(Continued ea Page 8\ PAGE TWO
FBIDAY.  February U, 1B10
Like These!
Twin Bute
They are made of good sturdy
cloth, have a bib, and a coat to
match, and are fitted with the fly
and pocket facing that prevents
ripping. Easy, roomy, long-wearing garments, these. If you paint,
you should wear them.
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Vancouver, B. C.
Military Training as Education
February Clean-up
300 odd SUITS and OVERCOATS grouped at one
price.   Reg. $20, $25 and $30 Suits and Overcoats—
i       "Ulte Store thats ahuays busi)'        .
Canada Food License No. 8-22774
Finest Pork Liver, 3 lbs. fur 26c
Finest Boot Liver, Ib .....18c
Flo eat Oxford Sausage, lb 38o
Finest No, 1 Dairy Batter, lb 46c
Finest No.   1 Alberta Butter,   3 lbs.
for 11.66
Fino Alberta Butler, 8 lbs. for $1.60
fr&ftfc UHbblDEB teioiAi
Finest Government Inspected Pork
Shoulders,  reg.  28 Ho   per   lb.
Saturday from 8 a.m. to Uw™
ner lb -  M\__
 fcxTBA gram	
Slater's Red Label Tea, reg. 45c
lb.; Saturday morning, from 8
a.m. to 11 a.m., special, lb., 3Bc
 Limit. 4 lba.
Finest Local Lamb, legs, lb 88-/|C
Finest  Local  Lamb,   shoulders,   per
lb. 86V,e
Finest Local Lamb, atew, Ib 23c
Finest Local Lamb, loins, lb 36c
' Blfached Sultana Baisins, 2 lbs..36c
Not-a-Seed Raisins, 2 lbs. for  S6c
Sunmaid Ratslni, pkt 16c
Fine Prnnes, Ib 18c
Blue Ribbon Tea, lb 66c
Nabob Best Tea, lb   66c
Slater's Best Tea,, lb 60c
Pork and Beans, 3 for 266
f>nrdinos,  3 for  26c
Fine Streaky Bacon, sliced, lb 46c
Slater's Streaky Bacon, sliced, lb. 60c
Finest Ayrshire Baek Bacon,  sliced,
per Ib 46c
Finest Boneless Roll, sliced, lb 40c
<J61tt6Wb LAM IMcm
Finest Lard Compound, reg. 80c
lb.; Saturday, from 8 a.m. to 11
a.m., special, lb - .26c
 Limit. 4 lbs.	
U. S. Fresh Eggs, dosen 60c and 86c
B. O. Fresh Eggs, dosen 66c and 70c
 mu mmi	
Nabob    Baking    Powder,     16-os.
tins;  reg. 26c.    Sat. only.-lOC
 extra mmz	
Finest Back Bacon, weighing 2 to
4 lbs. -each; sugar cured and
very mild. Reg. 40 -fcc; Saturday only, por lb 461/ac
Limit, 8 lbs.
Finest Mild Canadian Cheese, lb. 35c
Finest Strong Canadian Cheese, per
lb - 88c
 nrcfHE nan	
Finest Cottage Rolls, weighing 3
to 5 lbs. Reg. 41e lb.; 8itur-
day only, lb 36V3c
Apex Jams, 4-th   tins 60c
RobertHon  RaBpberry Jam. 4-lb. tlna
for  - Mb
Pure Plum Jam, 4-lb. tins ..- 70C
Tomato Ketchup,  largo bottles,   two
for  -...- -  48c   ________________	
Free Delivery to All Parts
123 Hastings Street Gut Pbone Bey. 3262
830 Oranvllle Street .Phone Sey. 866
3280 Main Street. Phone Pair. 1683
[By Georgo Soulo in the "Dial".]
In spito of tho "war to end war,"
many good citizons aro urging tho establishment of universal military training
in this country. If, as we were assured
so many times during tho past two
yoars, tho defoat of Gormany will permit the nations of tho world to organize for peaco without fear of unexpected interruption, tho proposal must bo
advanced because its advocates believe
six months or more in tho army will
bo indispcnsiblo in American education.
Now what is tho educational value of
military training in times of peace!
Ask the noxt man you see, and no will
doubtless aay, as did an officer at the
farewell dinner of onr training company, that it teaches a man to koop
his shoes shined and his trousers creased, and to say "sir" to his seniors. It
may also holp him to loam how to
stand straight.
Othor benefits are, indeed, expected.
Thoro is a vaguo approval of the "dis-
cipllino" which a short experience of
tho military regime is supposed to instil into our unruly youth. Often this
a.'i-nw to be merely u polite expression
of tho hope that laborers will bo taught
not to striko and servants to bo moro
Jealous. But behind that exists a moro
worthy fooling—that if our young mon
are all run through tho military machino wo ahall as a nation understand
bettor how to work togothor and to
produco moro efficiently tho results wo
want. And underlying nil is an'Instinct
which helped to send many of us into
the army. It is tho desiro to got away
from a too artificial and overcivilizod
world, a desiro to gain powor from victory over primitive hardships. The nation will becomo moro masculine, it is
believed, if men are thrown together
and taught how to get along in a Hostile world.
Howover it may have boon with tho
men who saw actual fighting in Franco,
those of us who remained six months
or moro in camps on this side felt an
immenso reliof in returning to civilian
simplicity and directness after the curiously artificial ized existence of tho
army. Tho man who nuts on a uniform
soon discovers that ho has not como
nearer to reality—on tho contrary, that
ho is farther away from it than ovor.
Every moment is formalized into a stiff
pattern of behavior which is as difficult
to practico gracefully as tho etiquette
of a Bourbon court. A dozen times a
day tho soldier is called to a formality
at which ho dare not bo a moment lato,
und what he doos at this formality has
no moro relation with tho trado of war
or any useful accomplishment than if
ho were practicing the latest tango in
a ballroom. He learns to hold his riflo
in certain.positions, to movo it expeditiously and in a predetermined series of
motions from one of theso positions to
anothor, to take his appointed place in
many complicated formations of troops
—but no one of these rifle positions
or formations of men is over uaed in
battle. When saluting -i superior officer h: s.' ist Hold his hand and arm
at a certain angle; he tnust learn in
deep detail when to salute and whon
not to salute. Except for brief periods
of rest, tho whole timo of tho recruit
is takon up with intensive training in
thoso and a hundred othor rituals, and
tho effort to bo letter-perfect in thom
is as oxactin'g as must bo the education
of an English butler. When a man becomes proficient in them he is called'' a
good soldier," and it is frequently said
that a good soldier cannot bo made insido of threo years; in fact some old
sergeants assert that a good soldier
must be born. At any rate, tho attention which the recruit Tnust givo to
such matters absorbs nearly all his intelligence and nervous energy. 80 absorbing woro thoy, that it was difficult
to remember that a war was being
Tho expected intimacy with the primitive did not appear. Wo slopt in wooden buildings, on cots and mattresses,
and between sheets. Our food was furnished according to regulations from
the quartermaster, and cooked on
stoves by cooks appointed and trained
for that purpose. In none of the organizations of which I was a momber wore
tents pitched, and the anticipated practico in tho ubo of a rifle was confined
to one half a day on tho range. We had
somo oxoreise, but not so much as any
man oan get in an outdoor job in a
camping or sailing trip,
It must not bo supposed that any
changes in this regimo will be made as
a rosult of tho war. Tho firBt dogma of
tho military man is that training of
this sort, rather than training in the
aetual business of warfare, is necessary
as a kind of first coat boforo tho final
polish of field maneuvers can be applied. "Tho best battery on the parado ground is the best battery in action." Traditional infantry drill, like
"(ho traditional classics in our older colleges, iB supposed to furnish an osscn-
tinl disciplinary basis for any more
practical exercise. We ought, therefore
to considor whether forcing young men
to behave according to theso atrango
formalities for 11 fow months Is likely
to produco the benefits anticipated.
Tho constant obedience which is re
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anil Nonalcoholic trines of all
^quirac} to mako men alert in essential
ridiculous accomplishments is thought
of intrinsic valuo by many. Yot it is
doubtful whethor such obodienco, solemnly onforeed as it is by tho fear of
unpleasant punishments, can form a
habit which will last long in tho more
natural oivilian environment, where superiors may bo selected, and a man's
worth le more often measured by his
originality and initiative than by his
lack of it. Tho offect of such discipline
bofore the war ended was meroly repressive, asd brought about nothing but
an urgent desire to escape lt. On tho
one hand many men wore eagor to got
to tho front, where "something real
was doing," and they would at loast
havo a chance to employ themselves In
an undertaking which seemed to have
some reason for existence, On tho other
hand thoso of any ambition wero eager
to becomo officers, and so cscapo tho
stultifying obligations of tho ranks.
Tho only ones who remained inert under the routine whoro a fow old regular
army mon to whom it had become an
easy and professional habit, ono which
thoy would relinquish only reluctantly
for nny occupation demanding mental
It is puro myth that tho soldier ac
quires any capability in cooperation for
hard work, Most of tho tasks imposed
upon him, particularly tho physical labor usually known as "fatigue duty,"
aro obviously invontod to keep him
busy. No ono watches his work except
to prevent him from loafing. Ho knows
that 0, hard workor will acquire littlo
credit from superiors, but will on tho
other hand be regarded by his comrados
as a scab. He knows that tho moro he
accomplishes the moro will bc givon
him to do. If he happens to begin his
dutios under tho command of a good-
natured sergeant ho will probably be
warned that there is no particular uso
in exerting himself. Many a man has
told me that ho nevor had such an easy
timo of it as regards work before he
entered tho army. Tho prevailing effort
ef tho enlisted man is to shirk as much
as possible. Tho colloquial uso of "soldiering" is woll justified by fact. Ono
of tho most common remarks of the
privato is that the army has mado him
so lazy that ho will never be able to do
good work again.
Thoso of us who succecdod in getting
to an officers' training school found
plenty to keop us busy, and wo scorned
closer to .tho activities which wo had
expected to find in war. We still felt,
however, tho gray repression cnuBcd by
tho stiff pattern of routino. I ofton
wondered how much of our oncrgy and
interost was due to our desiro to be
effective in the war against Gormany,
and how much to any, validity in tho
military mothod itself, So far as we
did good work and gained anything at
all out of the highly formalized teaching, it often seemed to mo that wo did
so only through a consciousness of our
function in tho actual hostilities. When
th»-armistice was announced tho answer, to my question camo. A striking failure of morale was felt throughout the school, tho commandant boing
so worried by it that ho announced that
wo should probably bo retained in tho
service another year. Yet now. the pur*
pose for which we entered thc army
was removed, almost everyone found
his studies only something to be endured in silence until ho could got out of
his uniform. Whon the announcement
camo that candidates could mako a
choico betwoen immediate discharge
and remaining to win reservo commissions on inactive duty, all classes excopt thoso within a week or two of
graduation melted away, and this in
spite of a most determined effort,on
tno part of the responsible officors to
bring disrepute on tno men who availed
themselves of the privilege of resignation.
Will the mon who havo experienced
military education under the semi-
peaceful'conditions on this' side of the
Atlantic favor universal training t If
to do so meant that they would have
to spend anothor day in tho sorvice, the
negative majority would bo overwhelming, During my six months in uniform
I havo not talked with a single officer
or man who was a civilian before tho
war and intended to remain in the army
after tho end of the emergency. Yet
one is inclined, onco an unprofitable
experience is over, to count it a benefit and grant it a sentimental value.
The men who would bo sent to camp
under the proposed law aro not yet of
voting ago, Their ciders may exhibit
the quito human trait of wishing to enforce on tke younger generation tho
same drilling they thomsolves have endured. There is also the impulse to ox-
alt a loyalty to one's own past, At
our farowell dinner the officers caught
up the spirit of fellowship naturally
existing among so many men who had
lived so strangely togothor, and converted it into loyalty to thc school and
tho army, Wo were flattorod on our
record, bidden to speak well of the military, to behavo liko soldiers thc reBt
of our lives, and to voto for universal
service Such counsols nro suro to hove
thcir offect. But the publio should not
take without critical examination tho
nrgumonts usually advancod in bohatf
of military training as n method of
education for peaoo. They should, on
the contrary, weigh woll such stato-
mcntB as wcro mado by onr commandant, when ho expressed his sympathy
becauso wo hnd missed so nnrrowly tho
chanco of fighting Germans, and attempted to console us by adding that
labor troubles were imminent in this
country, and thnt wo might be called
out at any time for "riot duty.'1
A Scheme to Combine the
Capitalistic Class of
the World
Wo hear muoh talk nowadays about
a League of Nations and one would be
led to think from American preu reports that thiB is something new. Such,
nowever, is not the case. A League of
Nations Ib an old idea. After the battlo of Waterloo, after a war of twenty
years, Alexander I., Tsar of Bussia,
put forward a plea for perpetual peace.
His idea was to prevont the outbreak
of war again in any circumstances
whatever. He saw that the Greek, Boman and Protestant churches held a
numbor of fundamental boliofs in common. On these grounds he thought that
thc different governments might be
persuaded to unite and devise a eoheme
for a fodorntive administration of
Europe on Christian -principles. Nearly
nil Europe signod. A leaguo was formed, known as tho Holy Alliance. Thoy
declared "thoir fixed resolution both
In the administration of their respective statos and in thoir political rotations with ovory othor governmont
to take for their solo guide tho precepts of tho "holy roligion" of our
Savior—namely, tho procopts of just-'
ico, Christian charity- and peace
Great Britain refused to join tho
league. Whon Wellington was asked to
sign tho agreement, ho said that the
English parliament " would rcquiro
something moro precise." Canning, at
that time'Foreign Secrotary, said that
England refused to give hor assont to
tho principlo that wo or any othor nation had any right whatevor to interfere in tho Internal affairs of, othor
states, Thc league was governed by
international congresses. The King of
Naplos, Fordlnand 1., was a tyrant.
Tho army, under the influence of the
revolutionary societies, rose against
him and drovo him out. He was restored by tho Austrian army, by order
of tho Holy Alliance. The king of
Spain, Fordinand VII. (ncphow of Ferdinand of Naples) abolished his parliament. Tho Spanish troops mutinied.
Bovolution broke out all over tho country. The peoplo re-established thoir
parliament. They brought in many nee*
ossary reforms. Thon tho Alliance
stepped in. It sont the Fronch army
to Spain. Tho king was restored to
unlimited powor, Ho wroaked venge*
ance on all reformers who had not
escaped abroad. Finally, Spain's American colonies revolted. Similar risings
took placo in Denmark, Belgium,
Franco, Italy and Austria. Many of
theso wero put down by tho Alliance.
A few succeeded.  -
Tho " Holy Alliance'' was usod in
days gone by to crush tho revolution*
lata of those days and tho "League
of Nations" today has as its basis the
desire to unite tho capitalist class, of
tho world so that thoy can use their
combined strength against the rising
proletarian tido. The working man
does not yot realizo that thoso who
aro apparently in tho van of progress
arc in reality tho greatest reactionaries. Lloyd George, Prosidont Wilson
and others of tho samo calibre always
fill tho proletariat with pleasant words
but thoir actions and thoir moves are
almost without oxcoption to crush the
aspirations of tho working class. It ia
well to noto that in all tho Entente
countrios a systomatic attompt is being mado to "get" tho rods. Thc most
harmless reading matter is being designated aa seditious and any alien who
upholds tho Bolsheviki of Bussia is in
danger of Incarceration. In spite of all
the pre-war promises we havo less liborty now than ever. Wo are governed
here in Canada by "orders in councU," to wit. The king's mandate. As
one writer aptly puts it, "We have
auccooded in carrying liberty to the
Germans and accepted Prussianism in
exchange. Tho liberties and privileges
that our forefathers in Britain struggled for centuries to obtain have boon
taken'from us by a gang of unscrpu-
ulous despots at Ottawa and Westminister during the past four year. How
beautiful tho politicians of tho World
talk, Look at this rot from President
"Many terrible things have come out
of the war, gentlomon, but some very
(Continued on page 7)
There?s the Feel
of Spring in the Air
—the season when every lady wants to look
her best
THB FAMOUS* is now daily receiving shipments
of Spring garments and these are being placed
on view.
See this display—dainty garmente—exquisitely
trimmed—the same styles as are now being displayed in the great Eastern cities.
In accordance with onr usual policy, we are
marking these garments at prices which will appeal
to yon* FSOM MAKER
Near Granville
Engineers Waat Mora
Fort   Worth,   Texas—Hoisting   and
portable   enginoers   havo   asked   that
wages be increased from 75 oents to
87*i_ cents an hour.
Save Money
on Tools
Our Stock and Prices Are Bight
Cunningham Hardware Co.
Agent for Medlar-fa Bulges
Spiteful Treatment of Conscientious
Objectors and Defaulters
That Prussianism did not die with
thc sighing of tho armistico between
the Allied nations and the enemy powers, nt least as far aB Now Zealand is
concerned, is shown by an Act of Parliament recently passed by tbo N. Z.
Conscriptionist Govornment. Briefly,
the act allows for the collecting of
names of eligible mon who ovaded service tn that country during tho war.
These persons are to bo deprived of
civil rights for ton years, mado incapable of holding any offico in the service of the governmont or public body,
of boing oleetod to parliament or any
locnl governing body, and of oxorcising
their votos In any wny. Evaders may
also be arrostod and sent to jail for 12
months-—tho same penalty being inflicted on any person changing his namo
for tho purposo of evading the clauses
of tho aat. Plainly, Prussianism still
exists in New Zealand, despite the fact
that tho present war was allegedly
waged to make the world safo for democracy.
Drugs for Less
76o Firmlnt BBo
SOo Thormogene  36c
fl.00 Roid'l  Bjrrup of Bjrpopbos-
phites   .- - .72e
25c Pig   LttMtlT-B     18C
60a Zambuk  ......SSe
25c Rold'i Boraclc Ointment 17c
26o Hold's  Embrocation  - 16c
60c Chnso's Ointment  - 43c
60a Reld's Kidney Fills  88c
2Gc Mnntholntum    18c ^
50c Ferroiono 30c
26a Aspirin Tablets,   1 doien  13c
SOe Mtmnbn'a   Shaving  Cream  ....33c
26o Froatllla  10C
Mfic Mennon'i Tooth Panto ,..-. 21c
OOo Hind's    Hone;    A    Almond
Oream 43o
50c Popaodent SSe
War Tu Extra Where Required
Vancouver Drug Co.
Original Cut-Bate Drngguta
hah stoib
toe BetVtn W. • s». tMSaatl list
iEtaoa irons
7 HtltUsi W. Swt.SSSI
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On. Otu-mii aad Btoatmy
Bu. am aad 17MO-
lit Msln Stmt tty. ion
ITIO Oeaaurotel Drive
You will not
be "soaked"
q So many people neglect their
eyes even when they know
they should have them attended to—when they know
they should be wearing
glasses—because they are
afraid they will be overcharged—and because of the
uncertainty of the cost.
_ I want any of yon union men
who feel that yon may require
glasses—you or yonr wives—
to come in and let me examine your eyes. Let me toll
yon what ia wrong—if anything—what it will eost to
give you glaaaea that will
make seeing and living more
q My optical service is the
moat efficient and the moat
reasonable on the coast,
Beymour 1993
Oranvillo Optical Oo.
Below Drysdala's
Evans, Coleman &
Evans, Limited
mHr^H"  P**-0**"-*--
leytneui S98I and Seymour US
Matins* ..
What's in ■ Name?
To TM-hvlIU tho word "Orphicm"
mun ths but la the world—to Tea-
•cover Ue
Orpheum Cafe
■•aas Uu DmI satins slaw la town;
mule aad -Luteins la tbe trains.
Drop la oar time. Blfftil ealoa
houc la Taaeeavnr.
us auavxui     oss.
Llcni. Ho. 10-17SS
Untied .
Pkotat Senear HIS
TUrd Htm, Vend BalMtas
—Tke oalf Union Shop la Taasoew*-
New Things
are Coming
Every Day
French Pussy Willow
A Beautiful Silk
It's a soft, lustrous
silk with a finish that is
for all the world like a
budding willow.
This is made in
France and is durable.
We guarantee it for
two seasons.
Myrtle, nigger, taupe,
paddy, wistaria, burgundy,
pearl, nile, mustard, sky,
chartreuse, plv.ia, copen,
r>avy, rose, gold, battleship,
Pekiii blue, blaek, and
40 inches wide, $3.95
Saba Bros.
Jhe Silk Specialist,
For Onion Men
Phone Sir. 935
Mon'i Hatteri and Outfitters
ISO Onavuie Stmt
sis Hit-tup stmt West
Pocket Billiard
-vwnva am tuui-
(■nssvM-MIn OoUudn 0.)
—Headaaaitsrs fn nam Man—
DUMa-aade   fotaoow,   Msan   eai
Oab Wilts «•!» laflsrsa
42 Hastings St. East
Refined Service
One Bloek West of Court Honae
Uie of Modem Chapel and
Funeral Parlors free to all
Telephone Seymou 2126
7<V.'   ROHSrfN M omaui* nm. rAtmoaraa
nuns in uusoi oovsoa.
"Losing time"
on your teeth
_ Have vou ever sat down to figure on the time
you have lost from work on account of your
teetht Figure up the days you have "laid ofl"
on account of toothache and neuralgia, then add
in the days for rheumatism, neuritis, indigestion.
Even thenthe tally will not be complete against
bad teeth. It is safe to say that you have lost
no less than two weeks' wages on this account.
And it is still safer to say that you would gladly
give those two weeks if you oould forego the
suffering they caused. ■ Now why not give a
little time to those teeth right away? Yo-* will
be the gainer in money and in comfort.
q Warranted dentietry—m o d e r n
methods—moderate prices, This I
guarantee you.
The Judge Finds "Nothing
Wrong," Yet Admits Witnesses Are Crooks
Fine Dentistry
309 to 310 Hastlngi St. W.     Union Store     Tel. Sey. 8380
Good Reliable Clothing
WORKING SHIRTS—Dark and medium shades, strong texture, reasonable price.
OVERALLS—In combination Suits or two-piece, best grades,
including "Carhartt's."
ftssk Ost -flowers, Funeral DssUbs, Wadding Bonvwts, rot Plants, Jr-
aamental aad Dude Trass, Saeda, Mfes, Plorists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
M Haiunis Street Bast, Ssy. 98B4H - » Ofan-fiUe Stmt, Ssy. Mlt
Accurate Adjustment in Dental Work
—a point on which I Uy especial stress—to obtain which I operate
my own dental laboratory—thus obtaining the accurate and
precise results I desire.
The natural teeth aro adjusted differently in ovory person. In doing
my work I follow tho individual adjustment as given you by Nature—
by precise taoosuremonts and accurate placing making tho work I do
St in perfectly with your remaining teeth.
I will be glad to explain my ' 'individual'' adjustment methods—to show
yon by examples the Importance of accuracy in this line.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Grown and Bridge Specialist
602 Heatings St. W.  Oor. Beymour St.
Office Open tuasday aad Friday Bvanings Until 8 o'clock
noae Strawu SMI
X-Bar Slav takni lO-yiu
SoaraatM tinns Victory
Bonds  tak.n la tiokwi.
for Dental Work,
Our patrons are always pleased with the Shoe values, and the
Shoe Service that they obtain at this store of Good ShoeB.
This is a strictly Union Store, and we can meet and satisfy
any Union Man's Shoe Requirement.
The best values at the price, always.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
668 OranviUe Street Vancouver's Union Shoe Store
C HAKESPEARE says: ,fThrice is he armed who
^ hath his quarrel just," and he might have added:
"But four times he who's dressed to look his best."
Men's SOo Suspenders    85*0
Men's Tweed Caps, worth to $1.76, at    75^
Men's Work Gloves, worth to tl.00, at    50*
Men's Work Gloves, worth to $1.25, at    85#
Men's Work Gloves, horsehide, worth $2, at fl.35
One mixed line of Boys' Suits, worth to $11.60,
at ?«-85
Mixed line of Boys' Suits, worth to $14.50, at !|8.85
Men Are Jailed on Evidence
of Unscrupulous
, [By Francis Ahern]
Tho most famous royal eommission
that was evor hold in Auatrttlin is now
at an end, and the report of tho judge
appointed to hear the matter has boen
made public. It is a most amazing re*
port and ono which has staggered work*
ing class pooplo in Australia. The judgo
comes to the conclusion that the charges
of a "frame-up" have not been proven
—how, nobody seems to know. The representative of this journal followed the
caso from start to finish—overy day
for ton long woary woeks—and confesses candidly that ho Ib more than
amazed that any judgo could have misunderstood or failed to see the crook*
odness that was elictod from day to
The judge said thore was no evidence
to show that one of the crown witnesses
was "assisted" out of tho country to
prevont -him from divulging facts of
tho caso against tho condomncd mon
in gaol, though it was established, and
admitted lhat he was so shipped ty
the polico, with monoy aa well, at a
time when lt was known that he had
mado damaging confessions to labor
men. He jhso Bays there was no evidenoe tha. Crown witnossos or tho police placed firo dope in the pockets of
tho arrested I. W. W. mon to secure
their conviction, or that the police supplied dopo to manufacture evidence, or
that a charge of noto-forgory was withdrawn from against one of the crown
witnesses as a set off againBt hia giving evidence te convict the I. W. W.
mon, although thie scorned clearly
established beyond all doubt.
But if the judgo found tho charges
not proven" he established thla one
face, which Is all-important—that tbe
12 mon in gaol for terms up to 16
years are thore on ovidenco of utterly
unreliable and unsoruplous liars. Tet
by somo strango reasoning he has de-
need that whon they were giving evidence against tho I. W. \V. mon they
were telling the truth, but when they
were giving ovidenco against the polico in tho recent commission they were
lying. How such witnosBos becamo
liars and perjurers whon thoy make
charges implicating tho polico and witnesses of truth whon in tho sorvico and
pay of the polico against tho I. W. W.
mon is somothing that only the judgo
scorned ablo to distinguish. Ho actually wont on to say that tho informers
used by tho polico in convicting tho
mon somo two yoars ago could not bo
rolled upon to toll tho truth unless it
served thom to do so, and by somo
strange reasoning argued that thoy told
tho truth against tho I. W. W. men
because it paid them to do so. But a
totally opposito conclusion would be
nearer tho truth. If, as he says, thoy
were animated by a desire for their
own safoty ot the time then
they would not bo serving their
own ends bost by giving tho kind of
ovidenco the police wanted them to
givei And why should they lie against
tho police at the royal commission whon
thoro was nothing to gain by it, and
tell tho truth about tho I. W. W. mon
whon thoy had everything to gain by
telling Host As a mattor of fact they
had the best of reasons, sinco thoy
woro Implicated themsolves, of telling
lies against tho I. W. W. prisoners to
secure their conviction—and their own
safety—arid no reason at all for telling
lies about tho polico.
Tho judgo admits that theso throo
crown witnesses used by tho polico dur*
Ing tho trial of tho 12 I. W. W. men
two yoars ago arc unscrupulous liars
who do not hesitate to toll lies whon
it suits thom, that tho polico did got
suits of clothes through one of the
crown witnesses who had beon chnrgod
in connection with a noto-forging caae,
and had nothing to show that thoy had
paid for thom—it being allogod that
tho particular crook mndo thom a presont of thoso out of "gratitude;" that
a sum of $3,780 "easy monoy" alleged
to havo boon paid to tho polico as moro
"gratitude" from crooks in tho ense
was trocod tp ono sourco but that "its
ultimate destination is a mystery" tbat
the polico helped ono of the crooks to
got a hotel licence by recommending
Australian Waterfront Workers Form
Industrial Organisation
The waterside workers in New South
Walos, and mon omployed en ships have
formed a Transport Workers Federation. The new organization embraces
unions with a total membership of 42,-
000. Various mootings have been held
during the past 12" months by union
leaders oonnected with the waterfront,
and this decision ia the outcome. Liter
on it is intended to securo tho affiliation of all like unions employed In the
other Australian states thus forming
a completo organization as far as the
land of tbe Southern Cross is concerned.
-Tho unions of tho new organization
includo the following.* Ship Painters
and Dockers,. Waterside Workers Fedoration, Federated Seamen's Union,
Federated Carters and Drivers, Federated Marino Stowards and Pantrymen,
Marino Cooks, Butchers, and Bakers,
and Coal Trimmers.
Tho preamble of the new organization is as follows:
"Whereas the various organizations
of transport workers aro continually
liable to bo involved in industrial disputes originated by other organizations
without being in any way consulted
or having an opportunity of expressing an opinion upon the merits of the
disputo or of what course of action
might bo best calculated to bring about
a settlement of feeling to'secure a'victory for tho organization affected,
"And whereas it is clearly inconsistent with the fundamental system of
unionism that a small minority of tho
unions should precipitate a strugglo involving tho wholo of tho industrial organizations without thoso boing consulted, and sinco action by sectional
unionism iB in tho prosent dovelopment
of industrial, unionism doomed to failure;
"Thoroforo tho various organized
sections of tho transport workers havo
agrood to join forces for thoir mutual
protection and tho promotion of tho
welfare and benefit of unionism goner-
ally and to form a Transport Workers
Generally it is claimed by thoso responsible that tho now federation will
be the means of lessening strikes. No
one section, it is claimed, can take action without flrst consulting tho oxecutivo of tho federation.
Kansas City, Kansas—Oncers of tho
Coopors' International Union ropbrt
that tight and slack barrol trimmors
have organizod in Cleveland, Ohio, and
that charters havo been issuod to Sioux
Olty, Iowa^and Vancouvor,- British Columbia, coopers.
him as "a worthy 'citlsen,. entitled to
all honor and trust;" that there wero
strange discrepencics in the ovidenco
givon by tno various police at tbe commission. And yot, iu the faoe of all
thla, "nothing is proven dotrlmental to
tho polioe."
Hwroferred to tho similarity of tho
stories told by tho various detectives
and Pinkortons, but he says that it was
one of tho convincing facts that tho
mon wore tolling the truth. Ho did
not seem to soo that oach detective and
Pinkerton hod a direot intorest in
building up tho same story as tho othors
against.tho I. W. W. men. He admitted
that though two of tho crown witnesses
had assisted in a note-forgery caso,
thoro wus nothing suspicious in that
tho charge of forgory was not pressed
against thom when it was discovered
that thoy wore valuable witnesses'
against tho I. W. W. mon, evon when
it was admitted by ono of thom that
thoy wero trying to striko a bargain
with tho police to givo evidence against
the I. W. W. men eonditional that tho
caso of forgery waa not prcssod against
Ho did howovor, perform ono duty.
He showed boyond all doubt the credibility of tho principal witnesses against
tlio I. W- W. prlsonors had beon completely shattered, and that on his own
showing no prosont-day jury would
havo sont tho mon to gaol on such ovidenco as givon by thom.
He provod boyond all doubt that tho
I. W. W. mon aro in gaol-en tho ovidenco of mon who woro in tho powor
of tho police, who wanted to placato
tho polico and. who woro ready to lie
in tho most vile manner to, according
to his own words, "savo their own
Plainly, the Australian publlo ennnot bo satisfied to havo tho I. W. W.
men kopt in gaol on the evidence of
convicted liars and perjurors, who had
tho strongest of reasons for giving lying ovidenco ngainst thom and swonr-
ing away thoir liberty.
The workers of Australia have bogan
afresh to mako a mighty agitation for
a new trial or tho relenso of the mon,
and though Australian Labor has nothing to gain by tho matter, tho full
weight of tho Australian Labor Party
is being tnrown bohind the agitation
which is growing mightier and mightier
overy day.
.* oar, ss.os .
$1.60 PER YEAB
Named Shoee ere frequently made In
\    Non-union factories
No matter what it'a name, unless H
bean a plain and readable impression
of this UNION STAMP.
Ul Shoes without ths TOION STAMP as* always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for Absence of Iks Union Stsmp.
JOHN F. TOBIN, President CHAS. L. BAINB, Bec-Treaa.
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver, B. C.
How the Australian Government Looks After Its
The Workers Have Borne
aU the Sacrifices of
the War
[By Francis Ahem]
Like most other governments, the
Australian federal government haa regulated prices of most articles in daily
uae by the people. And strange to say,
far from protecting the people from
the hands ef the profiteers, tke regulation of prices has actually helped tho
profiteers to increase their loot.
In the first place, undor the peculiar
system that oporates in Australia, prico
fixing only oporates after the profiteer
has succeeded in getting away with a
fair amount of loot from the peoplo.
And then, instead of compelling them
to disgorge their ill-gotten plunder, it
investigates to seo how for lie is justified in continuing the robbery. Instead
of having a law with drastic penalties
for misdemeanors to provent the increasing of ono single prico without investigation, the profiteers exploitation
is "looked into" only aftor ho has got
away with tho "Bwag."   '
Thore aro, too, a great number of
articles in daily use that are not "protected" by tho price-fixing at all, and
in which tho profiteers still have a freo
hand. In these they eould increase tho
prico by 100 por. cent, if they liked and
get an immense rake-off beforo the government could set its price-fixing machinery into operation, And this is just
what is being dono every day in Australia. In these legalized robberies the
profiteers aro open to no punishments
whatever nor are they ovon asked to
refund tho stolen property.
No priee has beon "fixed" in Australia, until sueh timo as tho profiteer
haa had his sharo. Millions upon millions of dollars have been taken from
the pockets of the Australian people by
this process of commorcial blackmail,
bnt never a single eent haa beon re-.
funded, nor havo the price-fixing boards
asked or domanded its refund.
The whole machinery of price-fixing
In Australia la wrong. Let's see haw
it worka. When a board alta to fix
prices tho exploiter comes along and
sets out his reasons why he should bc
allowed to plunder*- tho people. It is
tho easiest thing in the world to so*
cure very good reasons, as can be scon.
By closo organization, clovor witnossos,
assisted by colossal bluff tbe profiteers
are almost overy time ablo to convince
the Price Fixing Commissioner that thc
robbery is justified. If necessnry shortages nro purposely created as a moans
do not always go together
but, in our ease, they do
post emphatically. Here we are, the
Pioneer Tailoring house of the City of
Vancouver and tbe Province of B. O.,
standing ahead of all competition and
still selling more and better suite for
men and women than any other custom tailoring house. Onr trade and
reputation have been built up on quality, both of material and workmanship. Our principles have alwaya been
strictly union, both for workshop and
store, and theee principles we maintain in the most strenuous manner.
For MEN,
$35 up
The Pioneer
$45 up
Custom Tailors to the Workuur Man
128 Hastings St. East «■*■» thiatm both.
a sham. There has been no sincerity
in the whole business, aa the balanco
sheets of profiteers reveal all too true.
The exploiter has boen able, with the
assistance of the government to get
practically what ho demanded from
time to time, to the detriment of the
masses penalized by their piratical tec-
Compulsory Training
Washington—A bill providing for
compulsory military training of the
youth of the country has been introduced by United States Senator New
of Indiana.
Dr. H. E. Hall
last But tta. O. OiaetrU tttftt
■ BOM-T cnqw—m etna
than. tty. na
You Haven't Seen the
Best If You Haven't
Seen What Wilson
,    Has To Offer
to tho ond, though when the prico is
"fixed" thero is a shortage no longor.
But there are eases where the prices
Axed by the Price Fixing Commission-
ers aro not considered adequate. Docs
tho profiteer let it rest theref Not on
your lifo. Tho caso of fixing tho price
of ment in Australia recently is a caso
in point. Tho Price Fixing Court recommended a certain prico as fair and
just. He Axed tho price of meat for
local consumption at the prico fixed for
oversea export. One would think that
tf the meat trust in Australia could
soil overseas at a stated price they
could also soil locally at tho same prico.
Tho meat trust did not think so, howover. At any rato tho prico was fixed.
But the meat trust refused io accept
tho decision of tho Price-Fixing Court.
And instead of enforcing'the law and
compelling them to abide by tho result
of the Price Fixing Court, tho government actually announced its willingness to compromise.
Evon whon thoy compromised, thc
meat trust was not satisfied. So it created a "shortage" Tho supplies of
cattlo and sheep which prior to price-
fixing woro adequate, suddenly vanished, or at least the meat trust and its
hireling pross made It appear so. Stocks
were withheld, tho peoplo woro starving for moat, and, notwithstanding the
mandate fixing tho price of meat, price
of meat skied, and tho law of tho land
was brokon daily.
At last tho govornment gave way,
tho increased prices charged by tho
trust wero legalized, and only when assured of a freo hand in plundering did
the "shortage" vanish nncf business
was resumed.
Tho price-fixing machinory in Australia, then, instead of helping tho people has actually assisted tho profiteers.
It has worked fn their interests all the
time. In short, all tho sacrifices of
tho war, as far as Australia is concorned, has been borne by ono class—the
workors. This is true, of courso, with
all countries, bo tho Australian worker is not alone in the mattor.
Had tho Australian fedoral governmont been honost in the work of price-
fixing it would have decreed that every
thing in uso in the homos of tho people
wero "commodities" and as such fixed
at prices stated. It would have made
it a criminal offense for the profiteers
to increaso the price of ono article of
salo without a thorough investigation
as to whother tho increase wcro justified or not. Even when increased prices
woro justified, it would hnve paid somo
regard to thc apportioning of the burdens so that tho workers would not have
been wholly penalized while the profiteers got scot free.
There should have been continuous
price-fixing boards sitting continuously
throughout tho country with full powers to conduct investigations independent of any evidence given by- either
pnrty. And once n price was fixed, it
should have been seen that iho price
wns adhered to to tho very Inst lotter.
It' the profiteer was made to understand
that any attompt to increase prices, or
(•rente shortages to thnt end, swift nnd
ready punishment would follow there
would have been less profiteering in
tho country thnn thero is now,
Price-fixing in Australia—and tho
snmo thing applies to Canada and the
United Statos—has beon  u fraud and
Wilson's Twin Shoe Stores
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
W» twm Trail Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
111 Cordova St. West, or 622 Pender West
Baker's Bread Means Better Bread
mHOUSANDS of house-
* wiveB recognize the
lack oi economy in
home baking, Modern machinery mean, more bread
ond better bread at I™ mono-
tar*-* and muf-cular coat. Furthermore, baker'» broad
meana fresh bread and no
waste.   Ask yonr grocer.
Canada Food Board License 61001
Phone Fairmont 44 PAGE FOUR
eleventh yeab. No. 8    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. o.
fabUaked .Terr Friday morning br th. B.
FedeTkUnnut, Limited
i. B. Wells Managor
■*3_ice: Labor Templo, 405 DunBmuir 8t.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.,  Seymour 74H7K
tabscvrlption    Batn:     United    State,    uid
'   foreign,   92.00   per  jear;   Canada,   91.50
per year;  in Vaneoaver Cttjr, 93*00 per
feu;  to Union, ■ab.ortbln-- i*  a body.
11.25 per member per rear.
-Catty of Labor:   the Hop. of the World*
FEIDAY February 21, 101!)
DID SOME ONE say lhal tho Looal
Parliament was in session! In ho
far as legislation in tho interests
of tho workers is concerned, no ono
would notice it. Wo aro wondering if
tho demands, or lot
us say, petition of
tho workers, prcpur
ed at the lust convention of lho British Columbia Federation of Labor, will
receivo that consideration that has
been accorded such potitions in tho
paat. Ono of tho groutost causes
for complaint on thc part of
* tho workors, is thoso slave compounds named "Company Towns,
Theae places havo boon a source of
trouble for theso many years. Tho conditions aro so bad in somo of those
places, that if a man that has had aay
connection with a trado union, should
obtain employment, ho iB immediately
thia fact ia known, politely but firmly
ahown tho gettingoff place, which is
the wharf, whioh in some cases is thc
property of the provincial government.
♦ *      *
In these towns thero are no facilities
for the education of children after they
have gono through the elementary
tary schools, it is impossible for the
workors to sond thoir childron to the
cities for a high school education, and
aa a result, the childron aro hamporod
for life, by lock of education. .The
workors aro compelled to purchase
their necessities at the company store,
or if thoy sond to town for thom, thoy
are charged 60 conts por parool for
wharfage. The truck aot is openly violated, and instead of the workors receiving their wages in cash, or recognized curroncy, they receivo a pay-
chock, which can only be cashed at the
company offices, and from which is first
deducted the amount of ront of the
house thoy livo in if married, or board
if single and living in the company
-hotol or boarding houso, and for tho
purchases of goods at tho company
store. They have to purchase thoir
fuel, and all other necessities from tho
eompany store, at whatever price asked
for them, as thore la no competition,
and as ono worker in one of these compounds stated recently: "I am working
for my board, and it ia very littlo
.■Money that I ovor soe."
* *      ♦
Truly thore Is democracy in this fair
provinco of "ours," but if tho govern*
ment could only boo fit, a little moro
domocracy in company towns would bo
a blessing to thoso slaves that aro by
circumstances compelled to soil themselves body-- and montally to tho own-
era of theso slavo encampments. Shall
these peoplo have the right of self-determination, that has beon so much
talked about, or must they still livo
under the feudal serfdom, and tho control of the feudal barons of British Columbia.
ing class propaganda. They arc just ns
foolish in thoir attempts, as wero tho
German ruling class, when thoy scattered tho troops that had boon in touch
with the Bolshoviki troops, instead of
stopping it, they spread it into quarters
in which it had not appeared beforo.
Thoro wus never any bottor propaganda for tho working class philosophy, than tho attempts that have, and
arc being made in this country, to provent freodom of spoech for tho work-'
*       *       *
Deputation^ of ropresontutivos of thc
employing class, huvo this wook
boon to ■ Victoria, with thc
Object of stopping if possible
any curtailment of tho hours of lnbor.
In this attitude thoy aro as wiso os
ovor; they are attempting to atop
measure tlmt would tend to relieve tlie
unemployed situation. By doing so,
they aro showing that they aro as ignorant of thc conditions, und of the result that is bound to follow a Ion_
poriod of unemployment, us wns the
German ruling cluss when it scattered the troops lhat had been in contact
with lho revolutionary troops of Bus
sia. Conditions dotermino the actions
of any peoplo. It hns beon snid that
an army moves on its stonutch. It is
nlso truo'tlmt society moves along eortain linos becauso of material conditions. Tho workers realizo that with
many unemployed, und no prospects of
reliof in sight, that they will bo driven
to take suck steps ns conditions demand in order that thoy may live.
Thoy realizo that with a shortening of
tho hours of labor, tho transition poriod
may bo mado ono of gradual progress,
and that only by this mothod can a
violont upheaval bo avorted. Tho gov-
ornment has been yearly petitioned by
Lobor, to onact an oight-hour lawj today that petition has not boen granted.
And tho workors realizing tho futility
of furthor petitioning, tho representatives of the employing class, for remedial legislation, have decided to start
the movemont for a shorter day,
through thcir cconondc, or industrial
organization. Tho six-hour day will do
moro to mako the transition poriod a
peaceful onc, than all the quack
schomes that havo been mooted by the
roconstructionists, who only want to
re-construct capitalism. Tho reaction*
ary clement in socioty will opposo it.
The workers and tho soldiers will fight
for thiB shortoning of tho hours of la*
bor for the above reasons, not as a panacea for all the ills of socioty, but as a
moasuro of relief, until auch time aa
tho revolution in tho economic structuro of society can be brought about.
Tho reactionaries, and not tho progressives, will be tho cause of ony violent
actions that may have to bo taken to
bring about that chango. Given tho
rogular constitutional opportunities, the
workers will bring it about by thoae
moans, but the opposition that develops
to tho constitutional changea, will de*
termine whother revolution will be accompanied with the UBual ruling class
methods of* suppression of the popular
profit that could bo derived from tho
manufacture of munitions for tho Allies, and who wcro opposed to taking
nny part in tho war to mako tho world
safe for democracy until there was no
profits in sight, unless their own country got into thc muss, are now desirous
of getting n sliaro of tho markots of
any country in tho world, in order
that more profits may be reaped. But
tho workers aro getting wiso to tho
gnme, und there will bo no bloody reprisals, that is, not so far as the workers of tho United States wnging wnr on
tlio British workors, becnuso of the
restrictions placed on imports. Tho
workers are more interested in getting
the full value of thc product of their
toil; that having boon accomplished,
tho need for markets and tho jeulous-
los of tlio ruling class ns lo world
trado, will 1)0 cliniinhtcd, nud the ronl
nnd only cause for war wiped out.
FBOM THE press dispatches, it ia
easy to sec that the workera in Germnny nre not yet satisfied.   It ia
true that a change of govornment has
taken place, and that franchise privileges have beon ex
MAKING tendod, but the old
IT ordor   still   remains.
'EAST. Thc workors ore de
manding thc full
fruits of tho revolution, and as waB
statod in thoso columns' somo timo ago,
Oermany has reached the same stago in
the revolution aa did Russia at tho time
that KeronBky " wns in powor. The
workers, howevor, aro demanding the
socialization of industry, so thnt tho
workers may have freedom from economic hendage. Political freedom has
boon gained, it is true, but roal free
dom cannot bo secured under capital*
ism. This is the attitude adopted by
tho workers of Germany, if tho press
reports can be relied upon, nnd as this
attitude is in line with the views of the
workers of all countries, wo can tako
.   it. that substantially they are correct.
* *      »
-The Gorman government of today ii
not ono wit moro revolutionary than
tho last onc, iu so far us its attitude to
capitalism is concerned, and with conditions such os pruvuil in that land,
nothing short of a chango in tho oeo*
noitiic structuro will bring relief to the
workers'This con also bo said of Great
Britain, of tho United States, France
and every other country opernting under the capitalistic form of socioty.
Revolution, to mnny people, is a nightmare. Thoy pioturo it as being a violent outbreak accompanied with bloodshed und murder, and all that has been
common with ruling class opposition to
progress. Tho bloodshed of the Paris
Commune was not brought about by the
-communards, neithor was tho slaughter
of Bloody Sunday In Petrograd, dona
by tho workers. In both of theso casos
the letting of blood waa done by tta
ruling or bourgeoise class and its
* »      ♦
Thc workers nre determined that
thero shall bo an economic revolution.
A chango in tho method of production.
It will bo u revolution, whother it is
brought about by tho means of thn ballot, or by direct aetion. It wtll bo a
oomplete change, and that Is revolution.
Tn tho meantime those that are scared
stiff by tho thoughts of any change,
-and thoso that aro dctormlnod to prevent any change if at all possible, are
lho ones that are preparing the way
for fhe rtile of fcruto force. They are
-doing all that ii possible ia their puny
efforts to a-jppreM die spread of work-
IT BAS been doclared from the housetops that tho war was not a capitalistic one.   Boams of paper have
boon used by thoso that have taken
this stand, to write thoir views, as to
why  tho war  was
THOSE fought. But in spite
MARKETS of the protestations
AGAIN offered the fact ro
mains that the
war was a capitalistic onc, that it was
earriod on by capitalistic governments,
and that it arose out of Germany's
dream of world domination, in bo far
as the commercial world ia concorned.
Now that it is all ovor—except the
division of the spoils—wo aro beginning to seo that trado jealousies aro
already in evidence amongst tho
* *        ♦
Great Britain has seen fit to place
restrictions on the importation of certain commodities. No doubt sho will
placo further restrictions on imports,
In her endeavor to provido work for
hor own peoplo, in ordor to stem the
tido of revolt that is spreading
throughout thoso lands. Thc Imposition of those restrictions has already
caused some heartburnings amongst tho
capitalistic lords of Industry in tho
United States. Ono sonator in lho
Unitod Statea Senate, in discussing
theso restrictions, warned Great Brl-
taia not to rouse tho spirit of 1812.
Anothor senator—and wo tako It that
all senators ore rcprosontativo of the
ruling class of tho groat "democracy"
to tho south of us—doclared that thore
would bo bloody reprisals if the embargo woro carried to tho extent of
keeping out Amorican goods from tho
British markot for ony appreciable
time. Ho accuses Groat Britain, whom
ns he puts it, referring to tho American
nation, "that you went over yonder to
save," is proceeding to tako every advantage sho con. And tho roar is growing stronger. Talk of Bolsheviki
methods. Havo wc not hoard that tho
Russian nation is boing ruled by
force and bloodshed! Aro not
men that are supposed to bo advo*
eating force to bring about changes
in the social structuro being doported
from that great Ropubllct And here
wo hnvo mun that are supposed to bo
stoepod in domocracy, and bubbling
with thn doslre to establish a lenguo
bf nations, and to socuro the self-determination of nations, talking of bloody
reprisals, If tho commodities that havo
been swiped from their slaves cannot
be disposed of in the land of ono of
hor allies.
* *        *
Talk of Bolsheviki methods. Tho Soviet govornment is being accused of
bloody reprisals, by tho tioatmcnt that
is supposed to be being handed out. to
the bourgeoise of Russia, and aftor tho
suffering that this samo olass compelled the workers of that land to bear,
there is at least moro room for vengeance than thero Is in Iho caso of one
set of capitalists wanting to wreak vengeance on another sot of capitalists because thoy are wanting to consorve
tho home market. Bloody reprisals aro
all right for capitalists, but vory bad
things for tho workers to think of
when they aro driving thoir masters
out of thoir positions, It appears that
those great lords of Industry in the
United States after getting   all   the
THAT THE United States Govornment was relieved nftor the* full
significance of the happenings in
Seattle had been brought to its attention—by that great saviour of tho great
American    Republic,
THE Muyor Olo Hanson of
AMERICAN Seattle, aftor ho had
SAVIOUR. crushed out tho Bol
sheviki revolution,
nnd tho attempt to ovorthrow tho government of thnt land of tho freo ond
tho homo of tho brave, to tho south of
us, thoro is no doubt. That ho should
roceivo the thanks of tho nation, goes
withouf saying. Is ho not tho only ono
that saw tho significance of tho genoral
striko 1 Was it not through his timely
action that tho Unitod States was
savod for democracy, and from a proletarian diotatorshipt And if wo read
aright, he ia to be tho noxt presidont
of tho United States, ho being tho biggest man in that land, that is according to somo of tho intelligent (more or
less) section of the great Amoriean
* *      *
Until the above facts (t) were brought
to our attention, wo woro of the opinion
that the workors to the south of us,
woro tho most patriotic bunch that
evor existed. Did not the Canadian authorities bring Jimmie Duncan, Shortt
and othors ovor to Vancouver, to give
tho workers In this vicinity a lesson,
or porhaps a scries of lessons In patriotism* Were not tho Seattlo workers
held up ae a model to us here, in the
matter of buying Victory Bondst Did
not thoso same workors ride—thoso
that eithor would not, or could not buy
a "liberty bond"—out on a rail, and
were these samo patriotic workerB not
most enthusiastic in painting yellow
the defaulters In patriotic effort! And
did not thoso samo workera vie with
each other as to who eould drive ihe
most rivets, or porform tho most work
in a day in the interests of the nation!
Verily these men must have beon corrupted by German money.
* ♦ ■',-**
But, of course, the war is over, and
thoro is no noed to taffy tho workers
with kind words, having performed tho
will of tho capitalistic nation, or rather
tho capitalistic rulers,* thoy should be
taught that their function ia to work,
and to perform tho will of their rulers.
It is passing atrango, however, if theae
samo workors are not taking a big turn*
ble to tho bunco gamo that waa pulled
off over them during tho period when
they were making tho world safe for
a capitalistic domocracy. In the meantime, thoy would be woll adviaed if
thoy started to take a tumble to thoae
who havo with Mayor Hanaen, and his
type, boen slipping It over them, and
thc class to which they belong, for
theso many genorationa. Mayor Hansen may have crushed out a Bolsheviki
rising, but one thing is sure, he has
started a lot of the workora thinking,
on claaa lines, and for that servico to
tho working class, we thank him. Go
to it, Ole, you know not how ridiculous
you aro.
FBIDAT.  .February SI, MM
V.orkers Assert Their Economic Power
ln a Manner Heretofore
London, England. — Tho genoral
striko fever, whicli during January
swept over tho whole United Kingdom,
affected somo 250,000 workors, and
completely tied up thc industries of the
Clyde, at Belfast, Glasgow, Edinburgh,
Loods, Manchester and other industrial
cities, in South Wales, Nottinghamshire and other soctions, reached London on February 3, when tho workors
on the tubo railways walked out. They
were followed by 8,000 waiters and hotel workors, and later by tho engineers
on the London Southwestern and
Brighton and oh tho Grent Western
railways. Tho electrical trades unions
threatened to cut off all light in thc
city, but after the issuanco of a now
order 'in council, which put a heavy
penalty upon such action, decided temporarily to desist, ponding national action of tho eloctrical trades.
Ono of tho most significant features
of tho strikes is thc fnct that tho rank
and file nro undertaking theso masB
movements without tho consont of
and In many cases over tho protests
of tho union officials. The workers
on tho Olydo uud tho South Walos
minors wero especially activo in admonishing thoir London fellow workers to undortake such revolutionary action. Thoy declare thot tho trades union officials, in agreeing at tho beginning of tho war not to sanction strikes,
havo "sold out" thc working-class
movoment and can thoroforo not exor-
cIbo any binding power upon tho rank
and lllo.
The government has thus far stood
by apparently paralyzed. It has declined to treat with tho strikers and
has put it up to tho union officials to
discipline their membors. But it has
taken no positive aetion to clear the
While the demands of tho various
bodies of striken involved vary according to the naturo of the industry,
the demand generally made, is that for
a fourty-four hour weok, with the furthor privilege of the workers taking
timo for lunch.
On February 9th, the workera partially-resumed tho operation* of the
tubo lines and of the suburban roads,
aftor having won the eight-hour day.
Thoy declare, howover, that this re*
sumption is moro or less in the nature
of a truce. Meanwhile much more ef*
fectlvo action Ib boing planned, In that
the three largest and-most powerful
unlona in Great Britain—the miners,
the shipworkors and the railroad men
—are conducting negotiations among
themselves for unity in demanding a
six-hour day, a 80 per eent increase
over tho prosont wages, and the continuation of government control of railways, mines and shipping. These three
unions have big atrike bonefit funds
and aro in a strategic position to tie
up tho whole industrial life of the Isles.
Their combined powor ia therefore said
to be well-nigh invincible.
Printers Balm Wagea
Chicago.—Typographical Unton No.
16 has secured a new agreement with
newspaper    publishers   which    raises
wages 20 per cont.
During tho Makovskl-Prltehard debato on the Bolsheviki, Mr. Makovski
statod: "Thoro aro lots of Finns horo
in Canada, and they aro all Bolshoviks,
and apparently oven some Canadians
nro Bolsheviks." (Applause)
This statoment has caused some littlo
dissatisfaction amongst somo of tho
Finns In the city. Thoy aro under the
Impression that the Fedorationist la responsible for tho statement. This ia
not so, and we are juat aa much opposed to tho Finns boing misrepresented by Mr. Makovski as we are opposed
to tho working class movement being
villified by capitalistic apologists. We
are alao opposed to Mr. Makovski's definition of tho Bolshoviki, and we take
it that It is that definition which Mr.
Makovski had in hia mind whon ho
snid that the Finns wero all Bolsheviki, Many Finns are Socialists, and
aro in favor of a chaago in tho methods
of production, but thot docs not mean
that thoy favor mob rule or violonco,
and as that Is tho definition of tho rulo
of thc Bolsheviki In Russia, as per Mr,
Makovski, tho Finns have some littlo
ground for complaint. If, howovor.
nny Finns resent the term Bolshoviki
being applied to them, in tho truo sonae
of the term, then we ore afraid that
they do not yot soe tho evils of society as at present constituted.
Vancouver Tradaa and Lata
February 18, 1891
Goo.' Noonnn (Stcamshlpiuen 's Pro*
toctlvo and Benevolent Association),
seated as dolegato, vice Wm. Elliott re.
Victoria Trades aad Labor Council
promised to co-operate with Vancouver
in petitioning govornment to havo 8*
hour day clause In all contracts for
public works.
Delogate W. R. Lawson reported ro
concert Markot hall Fobruary 20. Pro-
coeds for relief of distressed.
Resolution of condolonco passed on
death of Duncan McRne, lato treasurer
of oouncll.
W. Towler presided nnd F. P. Bishop
noted na secrotary.
Switchmen Uniting
Buffalo, N. Y.-The Switchmen's
Union of North America issued 25
charters to new affiliates last yoar. The
last lodgo has beon organized at Johnstown, Pa.
Butchers Reduce Hour*
Stockton,  Cal.—Organlted  butchers
have secured a now agreement whieh
reduces the work, day one hour.
Patronize   Federatlonist advertisers
and tell them why you do so.
44-Hour Week Throughout Gormany
Berlin, Germany—Ono of tho first
measures adoptod by tho Socialist gov*
ornmont of Germany established an 8-
hour work-day. Tho law issued by tho
national governmont in Berlin, places
the responsibility for administration
upon the various stato governments.
In all factories and workshops, and In
all commercial establishments, tho
hours of work for both men and women may not oxcoed 48 por weok. In
all other industries, tho employers or
tho employees may apply to tho minis-
tor of Labor and Economics for tho introduction of tho 8-hour day. No reduction in salary or wages is permitted
under tho law, ovon though tho working day may b creduccd through its
operations. Idlo days, for whic!; the
workor is not responsible, aro paid at
rogular salary or wago. Tho law also
contains tho following clause:
"Employors who rudely, carelessly,
intentionally or maliciously violnto tho
abovo regulations, are liable to sovore
punishment nad shall bo deprived of
tho right to manago their 'establishments."
7-Hour Day Urged
Taeoma, Wash.—At a conference representing tho printing crafts of tho
northwest, It was ruged that tho seven-
hour day bo mado tho basis of futuro
contracts, and that all crafts mako uniform contracts. A special scale confer
ence will bo held In Portland in
April when the proposed contracts of
tho different unions will be passed upon
in an endeavor to securo uniformity for
tho Pacific coast.
It's Up to
For Men This Week
Men's Box Calf, in mahogany or black. Regular values <tC 0******!
$8.00, for -Jr*>**3
All sizes.
305 Hastings St. W.
At 3. N. Harvey'i Union Clothing Store*;
Unique Combination
Suit and Overcoat
. on for Friday, Saturday
* and Monday
Returned Men and Civilians Will Both Benefit
will buy any regular $
coat, together with
Any $2.00 Cap
Any 75e Tie
Any SOe pair of Socks
Suit or Over-
will buy any regular $30 Suit or Overcoat
in stock, together with
Any $2.50 Cap
Any $1.00 Tie
Any 75c pair Socks <t*OA
will buy any regular $35 Suit or Overcoat
in stock, together with
Any $4.00 Hat
Any $1.50 Tie
Any $1.00 Socks d*OC
will buy any regular $40 Suit or Overcoat in stock, together with
Any $5.00 Hat
Any $1.60 Tie
Any $1.00 Fair of Socks 4t*Af\
Three Days Only—Friday, Saturday and Monday
J. N. Harvey
125-127 Hastings
Street West
Alio 614-616 Yates St., Victoria, B.O.
Look for thc Big Bed Arrow Sign
To the man who belongs to e Lodge or Society, an
emblem ring gives a double satisfaction. His ring
—itself a pleasure to wear—carries the insignia
of his lodge—it is recognized instantly.
If you "belong," why not possess an emblem ring?
"We have a splendid assortment of Masonic, Oddfellow, K. P., Orangeman, etc., rings, and can make
up special rings to order.
Oranvllle b
Also seo our birthgem Rings,
Locket    Kings,    Plain    and
Fancy Signet Rings, etc.
"The House Behind the Goods"
Pancake Flour
He who seoki a faultless friend rests
Doa't ■tow in, rotr apln mik to
ear ._ tamer when I. LYtt dZ__£
ftom banian or aw. ^"^
Tba M.mkuta Baok of Ousts ...
IWe   m   Mfw  eatttytiF^
moan, aad will fin joo hi) '
swrjoa, whsthsr you* teeettt I
bur-tat   aUovad  et  satlats
<l talent
a. a. BTAOIT, He-ant
Oiaa-rllla aaTTnte
W. O. JOT, Maaanr
Haathit ul OarnU
King up Phone Beymour UN for
Dr. W. J. Curry
Buite sol Dominion Building -
Thousands of UNION HEN earrr a
Slcknei-i and Aceldent Poller with
Mediants Casualty Co.
Oar poller costs 91.00 per month
snd ap.
Oar policy peys 'or til. accidents.
Onr policy pays for every known
Oar address Is 808 Rogers Bnltdlag.
Oar phono number Is Sey, 3756.
We want a capable representative
arooiroBAtiD uu
Bank of Toronto
Deposits ,
■Joint Savings Aooount
A JOIST (arias Aosout mar be
-.-__'" *}* *!** " *** m men
panou. U ttai assaaata ettkot
nny m» sin d-tea* or taoSt
*ajty.   Wet At dUhnat mtmbmrt
!«•__■_*-__.• *—**** »••«« s
_***.*&•*******». ItttteetU
paid oa balaaMi.
VenaoBw Breath:
atnet mun aaa Cu-.-* Me.),
Vleterta, ata£S?*e**'ayettmaem
Clients who patronize my
offices can bc absolutely
Every modern method
known in the science of dentistry is applied for the alleviation of pain.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Opening Bvenlngs 7 to I
o'clock.  Dental Num ia
Over Owl Drag Store
Hunt Ssy. *mt
Now Lahor Temple
Chicago—The Amalgamated Sheet
I Metal Workors International AHluee
has purchased a flne building on Ashland boulevard sa headquarters for
thoir organization. Tho structure is
two storloa high. The front la ef Bedford limestone with granite trimmings,
tho balanco of the building boing of
brick. The recent Boston convention,
in considering the matter, empowered
the general executivo board to act.
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
146 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Carpenters Waat Hon
Waco, Texas—Organlied carpenten
have proparod a new wago scale, to becomo effective March 1. Journeymen
ratea are advanced to tt centa an houri
apprentices, flnt year, 45 conts an
hour- second year, 50 cents; third WW,
85 eenta ,and fourth yoar, 65 oenta. DAY. .February 21, 1019
elbvbnth TBAf No. 8   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancouveb, b. o.
iVheu Our Boys Come Home," tn very
comedy-drama, will ba presented br
lopular Empress Stook Company, and
■onverttes will again have aa opportu-
Eof seeing a new play before any otber
lln Canada.   This play contains a bean*
1 story, and Is' entirely different from
Jiing yet presented at the Empress, and
■appeal to anyone wbo baa a soft spot
l heart lor the boys wbo crossed tbe
to  flght  for  tbelr  country.    A won*
, Irish mother part will be   In   tho
ble hands of Marie Baker, and that in
[is sufficient guarantee to all who Un
J her in those quaint characters that it
■be a real treat.   Don't miss this won-
■il show, as it is sure to be one of
■biggest hits. ***
fNION MEN, do you know
that tho next Btrike in Vancouvor iB going to bo an
It will bo tho greatest strike
Hor you, provided you hold a
Iwld-up membership In tho SUB-
j Don't wait until "EVERY-
BODY" knows thoro is oil in the
f-oser Valloy.
I All the Diroctora of thia Company   are,   or   formorly   wore,
UNION men, representing FIVE
Hiffcront   Unions.     Thoy   know
tour position, therefore you aro
ussured of a straight deal.
I  Tho SUBBEY OIL CO. sharea
Jere tho best buy in the elt;-.
pall and I will prove it.   LIMITED ISSUE, 5 cents por ahare.
Small capitalisation; large hoi-
Get your orders in  QUICK.
|Cau only be obtained from
6. Gathersl Fleming
Phons Bey. 4347
Opea till 9 Satruday evening.
"When Our Boys
Come Home"
Tha Very Latest Theatrical
Mess:   15c, SSe and 50o
■oat Week
ran ■oawoMH
Otber Big Teat-ma	
Com. Monday, Feb. 24
Evade Eight-Hour Law
Sacramento, Cal.—Ait amendment to
the women's eight-hour law has been
introduced in the state legislature
which forbids the omploymont of
women "for more than eight hours
during any one day of £4 hours." The
present law permits of sharp practices
by employers,
St. Louis, Mo.—Federal Judge Dyer
haa ordered that 300 employees of the
Missouri Plate Glass Company be paid
$13,000 back wages. The firm went
into bankruptcy beoause of debts aggregating $285,000, and Judgo Dyer
held that tho workors have a preferred
English Nation to Own Roads.
London, England. — Hon. Winston
Churchill, minister of munitions, haa
announood the government's policy to
nationalize British railroads and gives
reasons for the proposed step.   ■
"The three great parenta of a country'a welfare," ho aaya, "are land,
communications and power, and tho
three children are food, .housing and
manufacture. Bo long as the railways
aro in private hands, they may bo used
for immediate profit. In tho hands of
tho Btate, howover, it might be wise
or expedient to run them at a loss,- if
they develop industry, placing the trader in closer contact with his market
and stimulate development."
A Statement by the People's Prohibition
Association of British Columbia—
Fact and
A Convention
nt Washburn In
Whether you have or
{have not a baby in your
.home you will enjoy
[this picture.
Continuous 1 to 11
at 2.30,7 and 9
 10c, 20c
10c, 20c, 30c
Recent developments in connection with the administration
of the Prohibition Act in the Province of British Columbia,
have made it desirable that the People's Prohibition Association should reaffirm its attitude in regard thereto, and should
take such steps for' the amendment of the Prohibition Act
as experience has indicated are necessary for ita most effective enforcement
Some of the Facts—
1. On October 1st, 1917, the British Columbia Prohibition
Act came into force.
2. For eight months the Prohibition Aot was reasonably
well enforced, and notwithstanding the handicap of large
stocks of liquor privately stored before the law came into
effect, splendid results were evident, among them the following*
(a) A marked decrease in crime, especially ot thoae offences associated with the drink habit, resulting in the closing of jails.
(b) A great improvement in soeial conditions,
(c) A notable stimulation to buslnesi. This was shown ia aa
increased monthly volume and'a record Christmas trade. It
was alao Indicated by the remarkable financial support to the
' Bed Cross, Victory Loan and other worthy and patriotic movements.
(d) A notable Increase ia efficiency in Industrial lines.
(e) The law waa also of the utmost value to the military authorities in their arduous and reaponaible work of recruiting and
. training reinforcements for our armies overaeaa, as repeatedly
affirmed by those to charge of thia great duty.
8. After this period there followed an Interval of growing laxity
iu enforcement, culminating in the scandal of the Commissioner himself
boing convicted as a party to this illicit traffic in Intoxicating liquors.
a. This again waa followed by a period of two months when there
was no Prohibition Commissioner, and no adequate enforcmement of tho
Act. The office ef Prohibition Commissioner haa recently been filled by
tho appointment of Colonel Bolster, a gallant and distinguished soldier, and a highly respeoted cltiieu of the provinoe.
5. Ou three occasions to recent yeara the principle of Prohibition
haa beon submitted to the people, and eaeh timo hss Been endorsed by
a majority of the electors of British Columbia,
6. The prosont Prohibition Aet wss endorsed by a majority vote
of the Eleetors (men only voting), and afterwards enacted by an all
but unanimous voto ef the Membera of the Legislature.
Recent Developments—
The enemlea of Prohibition are alert and active.
Simultaneously with similar developments to other Canadian Provinces, a so-called Moderation Party is being organised in British Columbia. This movement is dcooptivo to name and character, and seeks to
enlist fair and temperate cltiions to a programme in which they have
littlo voice and wliich haa motives and ends not fully disclosed. The
movement la taking different form in different provinces, according to
local conditions, but there is everywhere sn evident purpose to under
mine and ultimately destroy the various Canadian laws whieh restrict
the liquor traffic. Iu British Columbia the avowed purpose of the pro-
motors is to impair the Prohibition Act, or to secure its repeal, thui
placing themselves squarely to opposition to tho thrice expressed desire
of tho electors of the Provinco.
Nor dare we minimizo the possibilities of greet injury to the tem*
They are endeavoring—with plausibility—to transmute
peranee cause,
public    indignation
at   the    failure    to   enforco    the   law   and
public resentment because of dorellction of duty en the part of the late
Commissioner, into demand for the repeal of the law itself I
We do not share Stophen Leacock's view, whioh ta so highly approved and so generally circulated by the enemies of Prohibition, thst
the working msn is "better off with loose motor musclca, a soggy aeso*
phugus, and a mug of aio beside him," because thereby he Is "put on
an equality with kings and plutoorata"; or that employers are guilty of
"sheer short-sightedness" in favoring prohibition, beesuse to the
"drinkloss workman the glaring inequalities of society will stand ro-
vealed," and he will "turn Into a Bolshevik."
As to Policy—
(a) We insist upon the fair, fearless, and intelligent enforce*
ment of the present Prohibition Aet
(b) We oppose its repeal, or the impairment of its essential
principles until demobilisation is oomplete and our citlsen sol*
diers are re-established in their homes, and normal conditions
are otherwise restored.
(o) At the end of suoh period (assuming proper enforcement
has been maintained), we are willing to accept the verdict of
the people of the province, confident that the experience under
this Act, and the results of Prohibition elsewhere, will vindicate the wisdom of the meaaure.
A Call for Service—
The Exocutive Committee of the People's Prohibition Association
of British Columbia hereby call a Convention et all eleetors and representatives of organisations who dealre the enforcement of the Prohibition Act, which Act, lot it be repeated, expresses the will of tho majority of the doctors snd their representatives ln Parliament assembled;
such Convention to meet in Vancouver on Wednesday, tha Fifth Day of
March, 1919, for tho purpose of counselling u to wsys snd means for tho
better enforcement of tho Prohibition Act. The Executive Committoe aak
that all local and district organisations meet at once to appoint Delogatos
to thia Convontion, and in thoae aeetions where there ia nt prosont no local
organization, it is oarnestly desirod that all sub-units of this Association,
and Booiotios, Associations, Churches, and other organisations which aro
to sympathy with thc polloy herein advocated, take steps at onco to boo
that dolegates are appointed from thoir dlstriot so that thoro may bo a
full representation at the Convention from all sections of the provlnee.
People's Prohibition Association.
Tslephon* Soymonr !3M
An Alien Is a Wage Slave
Who Is Out of
a Job
The Theatre* Boyal wasn't big
enough to hold the crowd that came to
hear Comrado Lestor on the alien quostion on Sunday night; the thousand or
so that got in certainly heard something to their liking, to judge from
thoir frequent and hearty applause.
Dr. W. J. Curry, as chairman, introduced tho speaker to a fow. brief words.
Mr. Lestor greeted the comrades ss
'.'follow sinners," remarking that this
waa his first opportunity Bince thoy
wore "deported" from the Bex. He
knew what is was to be an "alien,"
romemborlng tho legend which greeted
him when ho' flrst Bought to acquire a
footing in thia hospitablo land: "No
Englishmen need apply." (Laughter.)
With regard to the lato junker olass lu
Germany, tho spoakor declared, "They
can hang all thoir supporters in the
eountry so far as I am concerned." But
Liebknecht and hia comrades wero en-
titled to sympathy and support. Yet
our ruling clasa desired to crush them.
"Oet the Spartacus," wub their ordor.
On the othor hand, Ebort and hia liko
had betrayed the workers, not only of
Germany, but of the world; and our
governmont and the others were backing him and his gang. "If a working
man cornea out to favor of the working
claaa of his own country, he is immediately classed ss a dangerous alien."
Turning to the Oriental phase, the
speaker aald that the Chinaman, under
thia Bystem, was to be fesred for his
virtues rather than his vices. Being
the product of an old civilization, ho
had learned to produce labor-power
more cheaply than the white man. He
had a land policy 6000 yeara ago that
waa superior to any that had aince appeared; while the present ruling class
of Canada could not even "settle" the
returned soldiers.
The "conjuring trick" was next ex*
plained, whereby the capltaliat pays
value for everything, including labor-
power, and also sella at value—and yet
makes a proflt. Neither machinery nor
raw material could produce wealth;
that was the achievement et labor-
power solely, the only factor that
brought a bigger return than the eost
of its own production. The workers
constituted, in fact, the only wealth
there was; when the Bolsheviki get on
top, to about 24 hours the aristocrats
were selling newspapers to the atreet.
The speaker pointed out, by the way,
that the Interest of the business men in
the elty was bound up with that of the
workers; wagos earned here were spent
here, whereas dividends were "swiped" and taken clean away, by the
"capitalist allena." Then, alluding
to the Beattio strike, he said that the
retumod soldiers to the United States
were the "most rebellious,, section in
the community;" during the strike
they were out soiling revolutionary lit*
oraturo. (Applauae.) Their mastors
had trained thom to fight to their own
intorests; tho workers all over tho
world were roalizing that thoy must
unite on a olass basis.
Britain had beon recognised by Marx
aa "the one country whore a peaceful
revolution is possible," beeause the
Britiah peoplo stood for freedom of
speech and thought. Thoy muat boo
thoso libertios wore not, taken
away by an Ignorant ruling clsss In
this country. (Applause) It looked
ss if "we have given liborty to Germany and are accepting Prussianism in
exchange. We are going to advecato
whatever changes may be necessary, no
matter what the consequencos may be;
we are not going to have sny Prussianism introduced here." (Loud ap.
The working man was out for. abolition of the wage system, and ownership
ot the means of life. "If you're not—
you're an alien enemy." (Applause.)
The capitalist class had put up this
alien quostion to flimflam the workers
out of their voteB. The workers had to
make the laud of this eountry—with its
railways, workshops, etc.—the property
of the pooplo of tbis country; thon
they could produce*for use, and life
would be guaranteed from the cradlo to
tho grave. The human raco had struggled all through the different slavo systems and was now going bsek to communism on another plane. The "scallywags that rule thia country by orders-in-council" must be removed. It
was not necessarily a flght with guns
and bayonots; but it wbb a flght never-
theloss, till "ovor the battlements of
New Directors and Officers
Were  Elected on
The annual meoting of, the shareholders of the Vancouver* Labor Temple Company waa held on the 18th inst
iu tho Labor Temple. -
Secretary-Treasurer James H. MeVety prosented the financial statement
for the year as drawn up by the auditors for tho company, Messrs. Crohan,
Mowat & Co., chartered accountants.
After somo discussion tho report as
presonted was adopted.
A genoral discussion took plaee regarding tho raising of sufficient funds
to enable the company to got control
of tho building and save it from being
taken ovor by the mortgagee.
Tho past directors came In for some
criticism for thcir apparont apathy ln
trying to raise the $30,000 which thoy
sot out to raiso twelvo months ago for
tho purposo of taking the building out
of the hands bf tho rceolvor.
In reply to tho criticism the former
directors declared that they had failed in thoir efforts to raiso thia amount
owing to strikes and various disturbances that havo taken place to the
Labor Movemont during the paat year.
Owing to the deatha of two of the
psst directors, Brother Oordon Kelly
and Joseph Bromfleld, and the resignations of several others, eight new directors hsd to be elected to All tho
vacancies. The newly elected directors are: W. A. Alexander, E. Winch,
V. Midgley, J. Kavanagh, P. Knowles,
W. A. Pritchard, W. H. Cottrell and
O. H. Hardy.
Only three of the former dlrecton
remain on the beard, and are as follows: Jsa. H. MeVety, A Crawford
and A. Fraser;
After the election of directors by the
shareholders the directors elected their
officers as follows: President, W, A.
Alexander; Vice-president, W. H. Cottrell; secretary-treasurer, E. Winch.
Owing to the lateness of the hour no
other buslneas was transacted, but a
meeting will be held in the Labor Tem.
pie on Tuesday next, February 85,
when the future policy regarding
getting control of the Labor Temple
will bo discussed. *   -
To reduce our large stock of
woollens,, we are selling
in TWEEDS at the marvellous
discount of
off our regular prices. The assortment is large, the qualities
are flne to finest. This is a
chance to get a genuine Ford
custom tailored suit, made
from fino British tweeds, to
your individual style and measure at a lower, price than you
would pay for common ready-
to-wear suits.
St. West
union stsse
the capitalist class iu ovory country
you see the blood-red flag ot Socialism."   (Tremendous applause)
A labor song was now indulgod in;
Then a aeries of questions from tho au*
dienco gavo Mr. Lestor a chance to get
in a little more vigorous oratory, with
ono or two amusingly laconic replies
thrown in. Ono of those was in answer
to tho question, "What is an alien?'
Tho auction.o greatly relished the re
ply: "A wage slavo out of a job!"
Bomebody    elso    wanted    to    know,
Who 'll get tho champagne and the
dollar cigars?" in tho new rcgimof Tho
spoakor offered ne opinion, but remark*
*d, "I know who gets thom now."
Ono question indlcatod distrust of
tho parliamentary system. The speaker replied that it was a reflex of tho
intelligence or ignorance of tho elector
ato.- It would hnvo to yield to popular
pressure, or else "thc parliamentary
system and all tho blooming paraphernalia will be blown Into tho air." The
workers eould voto themselves into
powor if they would, ho said; but "I
don't know whother they will do it that
way or not."
Anothor question implied that the
elton element and orgnnized labor wcro
practically tho same thing. Tho speak-
or replied that Britishers who camo
hero brought revolution with them; tho
alions woro not half revolutionary
onough. Howovor, 'thoy woro respond*
ing to tho training thoy got horo; It
didn't mattor about "tho clown of tho
international circus," Oompers. (Loud
Candidates Questioned
El Paso, Texas—Trado unionists havo
propared a list of 10 questions to sub*
mlt to candidates for municipal offices.
Tho questions include:
"Will you uso your Influenco against
tho importation of strike-breakers by
corporations, during lnhor difficulties!
"If elected, will you agroo to assist,
work and voto for the repeal of the
anti.picketing ordinancet"
[By Ernest Jones]
Wo plow and sow, we're so very, very
That we delve to the dirty clay;
Till we bless the plain with the golden
And the vale with the fragrant hay.
Our place we know, we're ao very, very
"Ra down at the landlord's feet;
We'ro not too low the grain to grow,
But too lew the bread to sat.
Down, down wo go, we're so very, very
low,   -.
To the hell ot the deep-sunk mires;
But we gather the proudest gsms that
When the crown of the despot shines;
And when'er he lacks, upon our baoka,
Fresh loada he deigns to lay;
We'ro far too low to voto tho tax,
But not too low to pay.
We're  low,   we'ro   low—we'ro   vory,
vory low—
And yet from our flngors glide,
The silken floss and tho votes that glow
Bound tho limbs of the sons of pride;
And what we get, and what we give,
Wo know, and we know our share,
We're not too low tho oloth to woave,
But too low the cloth to wear.
We're low, we're low, weSro vory, vory
And yet when tho trumpets ring,
The thrust ef a poor man's arms will
Through the heart of the proudest
king.        -
We're low, we'ro low—moro rabble, wo
We'ro only the rank and lllo;
Wo're not too low to kill tho foo,
But too low to slmro tho spoil.
An Extraordinary
Shoe Bargain
With gunmetal or dark tan uppers, white Neolin
sole and rubber heel.  Built on a good last and a
splendid fitter. All sizes. Regular
$9.00 and $10.00.  Extra special	
With black or tan army grain uppers;'heavy double
sole, sewn and reinforced with screws; guaranteed
all solid. An easy and comfortable fitter and will
give exceptional wear. All sizes.
Regular $7.00.  Special price	
Pierre Paris
One Door West of Columbia Theatre
Union Blue Label
These Cigars are made
from the highest grades
of Imported Tobacco
grown, and are made
under the most sanitary
conditions in a strictly
union factory.
Any honest connoisseur
of tobacco will tell you
that they are the Cigar
of Cigars.
Sale Everywhere
If roar dealtr   hasn't   aot tktat
writ. ». J. lUDS, sns aiterta Si.
eleventh yeab. No. g    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    yamcoovhb, b. o.
..February 21,1
Suits, Overcoats and Raincoats
WITH our new Spring goods arriving we find our
space too small.  We have decided to clear out
immediately $30,000 worth of Suits and Overcoats.
We ask you to look at our windows and compare
our prices with other good stores.  We are away below any of them, and can save you real money.
The prices on our Suits are from $15.00 to $67.00.
This stock reducing is genuine.  The prices are
Capitalist Reconstruction
(Continued from Last Week) '
Capltaliat—We both of us, perhaps,
underestimate eaeh other's good parts,
and thus contribtuo to making it a
class war. But do you not fell down
in organizing Labor to get its due
share of municipal, legislative and administrative contrail The opportunity
iB equal for all parties within the constitution.
Workor—Not on your life. The opportunity is not equal. The franchise,
law adtninfstration, offices, honors, and
a thousand foul tricks of patronage are
allowed to your side of the Held. We
play the better argument, but, Lord
help us, it is as slow in its operation as
levelling the Bocky Mountains by
wcathor wear. We aa well as you and
everything elss take ths speediest
route to the gosl. Take Lloyd George's
groat election victory—it represents
only a fifth of the electorate. Yet the
privileges of rights and rule are his
and the dukes.' We have duties. On
the seas, In the delda, in the factories
and Flanders, you allow ua full repre
sentation. It is th« same all the time
—all over.
Capitalist—So there must be the
cl_-SH w&rf
Worker—"Ifust" la right. Not that
Lalior determines that; it is inherent
in conditions. Can you conceive of
olasses without a claas wart It comes
to this—You claim Divine Bight to
rule, Our veterans and tho Bussians
have dono considerable to put human
right in its due place, but there la
some Divine Bight yot to be attended
Capitalist—In  the  Bolsheviki way.
Workor—There are always luore
ways than one. But Bolshevism, Sinn
Fein, Belfast, Glasgow, aro pregnant
with bright hints to worksrs everywhere. Slavish immitatlon is not
necessary, but real representation must
be achievod somehow. Let us have it
and the problem is solved, quietly,
peacoably, thoroughly too. But you
won't, You invite ua to the politieal
Sold to tight It out—to your choice of
battloflold; we meet you there and you
play   foul.     You   decline    to   tea*
Article No. li
Cut out for
Creating Opportunities
for Employment
BESIDES helping to distribute employment through a chain of Employment Offices, the Government has developed plans to create opportunities for employment.
Briefly, these plans cover the followihjj phases:—
1. Public Works
During the war, many important Public Works have been held up. The Minister of Public Works, has his plans and preparations made to proceed with the
more necessary of these in the near future. This Committee has also been in
touch with Provincial Governments and Municipalities, with a view to impressing
upon them the necessity for similar action. The building and public works programme now in sight will provide employment for many returned soldiers and
2. Railways
Duting the past four years, a great deal of work necessary to keep our railways,
up to standard has been postponed. Some millions of dollars must be expended
on improving road-bed, constructing bridges, buildings and other improvements.
Vist quantities of ties are being got out this winter. Equipment of various kinds
must be secured. The Minister of Railways states'that as soon as weather
conditions will permit, spme thousands of men will be absorbed in various railway undertakings. The supplies and materials required will also provide employment.
3. Shipbuilding
The shipbuilding programme .arranged for by the Government will provide employment for many men during 1919. It is expected that arrangements will be
completed to keep the shipbuilding yards in active operation throughout the
year. The Government recognises that this ship construction is one of the best
means of providing suitable employment for many skilled and other workers.
4. Export Trade
The Government has established a Canadian Trade Commission. This Commis**
sion has an office in Canada and a "trade mission" overseas. Through this trade
mission it is anticipated that Canada will secure an important share in the business
of providing materials and manufactured products required for reconstruction
work in Europe. A short time may be required.beforc final details are completed
and definite results are announced. The business so secured will be distributed
through the regular channels of trade and thus afford extra opportunities for
employment. •
5. Housing
THe Government has set aside the large sum of $25,000,000 to be loaned through
the Provinces in order to encourage the building of workmen's houses. When
the season for building arrives, this work should give employment to many hundreds of men both in construction work and in the supply of materials.
6. Land Settlement
The Government, as already explained in a former announcement, has developed
plans to help soldiers to become farmers, providing land, granting loans and giving
training and supervision where necessary. It is expected that a large number of
returning soldiers will take advantage of these opportunities. The scheme will
involve the expenditure of some millions of dollars, a good deal of which will
find \\*. way into building materials, supplies, machinery, etc., all of which will
assist in providing employment.
7. Road Building
The Government now has under consideration the question of joining the provincial governments in financing the construction of public highways. Should
a favorable decision be reached, a large field for employment opportunities will
be opened up. Regardless of Federal action, provincial governments are preparing their own road-making programmes.
The Government ta alive to the necessity for providing employment opportunities, and stands prepared to assist ln everyway possible. If corporations
and private citizens will Join In this feature of
Repatriation Work, Canada should have little difficulty with the employment problem.
The Repatriation Committee
Director of
mil ii i
son the matter out in a sensible
way, in an enlightened way, to the
light Ot all tho knowlodgo that could
be. brought to bear. Your press and
publio mon shy at real discussion with
Us. fhyf If you have tlie good argument, the right reason, toe logic of
truth, out with' It. We would.respect
that. Wo would accept a logical decision rationally arrived at, but au entrance upon that way of settlement is
what you dospcratoly avoid. We are
up againat moral coward; with bayonets and machine guns in their hands.
Bah! If you only knew how wo despise you and your trickeries. But we
are not without a* choice of battlefield.
We can challenge you on the economic
Sold for a change, and we have to do
it, or let progress depend entirely on
the abnormal egoism of a narrow class.
Capltaliat—Your position is a very
extremo one. You must agree with mo
—your own historic sonso muit tell
you that suoh a position will not bo
taken by poople as a whole ln one
leap; porhaps not within calculable
Worker—Historic senso may mislosd
you right now. Wo have hardly had
time yet to moasuro the leap taken by
the Bussians and Germans lately—by a
quarter billion people, including tho
smaller states. It is a time of speedy
changes, of big leaps. A savant told
us the otber day that tho advance
made by humanity to tho last Ifty
'years equals that of tho previous two
thousand, Ho waa Bpeaking in a limited sense, perhaps, but we cannot exclude the duplication of thla performance In a political and economic
way. In fact, the ope argues the
other. But let us turn to your plan
ef reconstruction, if it is worth while.
Sou offer to lift from our lives the
shadow and pall of uncertainty that
darkons thom. There is to bo no lack
of work or dread, of poverty, or hardship of remedial kind in any circumstances. How do you happen to be in
a position to grant these blessings,
which implies the power to withhold
Capitalist—We are not in suoh a
position. We are the creatures of circumstances, the instruments of readjustments eternally taking place.
Workor—And lt ia also a way out of
being called to account for your crimes
of the paatf
Capitalist—That would be impossible
and unprodtable. We woro then, too
tho helpless oreaturos of conditions
and circumstances. But we would be
guilty and criminal did we not recognise and acknowledge the call and demand of the timo on us now, and merit
the punishment that would undoubtedly overtake us.
Workor—How are you going to givo
work to all, and shorter hours, and bettor pay in terms of living standards,
and Btill retain private proflt as the
motivo powor to production t
Capitalist—Shorter hours will provide moro employment. Tho taxing
power will provide for publio works
that pay, and supplemont tho offect of
shorter hours.
Workers—Shorter hours—sharing of
tho loaf—may provide for the timo being, but your wholo schemo may quite
likely diminish employment. But suppose you triod it, how much of that
sort of thing would the motivo power
of private proflt standi
Capltaliat—Wo will tcet that as we
go along, and adjust matters aa wo
find it necessary.
Workor—Exactly. You must suroly
aee the scheme is too silly for discussion. You assumo we don't know
anything about how that would, work.
You would go round in a cirolo liko
men in a fog and got back to where
you started, but worso off—exhausted.
But, of course, your schemo wouldn't
bo triod at all. The most benefited
of your olasB know instinetivoly that
it would not "work. All that kind of
talk ia just so muoh babying of fretful ohlldren. But we are ao longer
children to bo foolod so easily. We
know that tho element of privato proflt
in production and distribution must go,
look, stock and barrol; and I would say
your big business men know it too.
Disturb the balance of the prosent system, and it will work worse than it
does now. Wo would not mind that
in a way, only we have no faith to
quack rcmodies, and you can do no
more than you bave done. A class is
not likely to sentence itself to death,
unless, tbe moral upheaval you apeak
ot amounts to insanity. No, the work-
era will have t6 take it ovor as a bankrupt concern and do the reconstructing.
Governor IS Advertised
St. Paul, Minn.—The State Federation of Labor la giving wide circulation
to tho labor portion of Govoruor Burn-
quUt's annual message Ono of the
executive's recommendations is that
tho vagrancy lawa include "dangeroua
agitators," who stir up strifo and
proaoh doctrines of discontent. Tho
govornor also wants trado unions in-
corporated, is opposed te state control*
led workmen's compensation insurance
ond favors a state constabulary. Ab
far as Labor is concorned, tho mossage
is a modol for roaction.
To Study Health In Stores
Boston—A scientific Investigation of
tho health of mercantile omployoes
throughout the country will be undertaken by tho Boston Board of Trade,
representing rotall merchants, and the
committoe on Industrial hygiene at tbe
Harvard University. Tbe plan includes
every phase of hygiene to tboae stores.
The information mil be compiled and
usod by tbe Harvard medical school to
train physicians and subordinates In
the problems of health administration
in rotall stores.
Ripple Back Suits in Navy Serg
Just in—$39.75
It ia a suit that hardly a woman will pass without s compliment*
comment en its smart and original lines, and those wbo have any id
at all of prevailing value will endorse it on this count also. Tbe suit Is sum
of a very nice quality all-wool navy serge. It haa a notched collar win
long lapels. Three large buttons close together fasten tbe front and b
low them the skirt of the eoat has a long pointed front. Tbere ie*.
row of tailored buttons at each sido aad a' fancy braid garniture abo-j
tbe ripples'at ths back. Tke skirt bas slashed pocbets trimmsd wis
tailored buttons and a gathered back. Everyone Who frQQ *ji
contemplates a suit purchase should see tbls model..... vuvs / H
Boyi' New Spring Suits wtth Snap and 8tyta-f4.75 to »1M
We have just received a large shipment of Spring Suits wbieb repreee!
some of the smartest styles that will be shown this season. Boys'Trem
Suits, witb Ml bolt and buckle, smart Norfolbs, Belters with slash i
Straight pockets. Tbe materials are carefully selected of tbe be
British tweeds and come ln sll tbe new, smart shades of brown, grand green. A flne selection for boya from __A *J__te 6_t\ 171
8 to 18 yesrs. Sises SO to 36. Prices from.... •ip'te / O    $ 1 ?• f <
Children's Boots, $2.95
78 pairs of Children'a Fine Button and Lace Boots, tabsa from regul
stocks; including patent, kid, gunmetal and tan leathers; Goodyear wa
McKay and tum soles; all firat quality in every respect; aM° AS) Al
sises 8 to 10 1-2; reg. values 83.80 to 84.60.   Saturday «P*6et7<
Boyi' Shoes, Up fo.f4.60 Values, on Bale at $2.95
This offering includes sturdy lines of Boys' Shoes to gunmetal aad bt
calf, suitable for school and best wear. All witb good substantial soli
and on neat lasts; all sizos for boys and youths. t_e_ ai
Mee  9_S*a7«
The Royal Ban!
of Canada
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits-
Total Assets	
4 25,000,<X
4 14,000,0<
4 15,000,01
618 branohei in Oaaada, Newfoundland and Britiah Ws
Also branohei in London, England, New Tork Oity and 1
eelona, Spain. ,
Twelve branohei In Vanoouver:
Main Offlce—Corner Hastings and Homer Streeta
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner OranviUe and Robson Streets.
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway Weit.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets. •
Corner OranviUe and Davie Streets.
Comer OranviUe and Seventh Avenne West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and liain Strset
2016 Tew Street
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Harpole.
Alio—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 otker point
in British Columbia.
Is fail half-yearly  1
One dollar opens an account, ea whieh interes
current ratos.
Manage* Viaeoaver Branch
O. W. mum, Vs—caves,
■aparrisor for B.I
taUarri Cloths
are tailored just right, outside
and in. Scientific apparel construction involves painstaking
attention to each detail of figure
types, and variations. A Semi-
ready garment fits*—in each and
every dimension and measurement; and the "Price-in-the
Pocket" is profit in your pocket,
We show Suits and Top-Coats,
$18 to $50.
Nashville, Tenn.—A tsx on private
employment agencies thst will drive
them out of business la urged by Dr.
Joseph T. Ware, stato director ef the
federal employment service. It is urged
that government employment ai
have shown there ia no neeessi
tbe privato concerns, which are
ace rather than an aid to work)
siring employment.
The Children's Friend
Valley Dairy
A healthy, boisterous boy almost always signifies a
bright and alert* mind. These will go far toward
making your boy a successful man.
The Butter That
Betters the Bread
67o tho Pound
VALLEY DAIRY MILE is rich in thoso nourishing body-building Food Qualities which produco thoso results. It is a full-cream Cow'a Milk with nothing
added and nothing taken away—0 product of J. M. Steves' famous hord of
purobred cattle.
Givo your childron plenty of VALLEY DAIBY MILK to drink, nnd servo
disboB cooked with Milk.   You owo it to your childron.
Phone Bayview 658
Sole  Distributors
1. II. Steves'
Milk. >AY™ .February 21, 1UB
eleventh ybab. Ko. 8    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, a a
^active Values
i Men's Furnishings
for Federationist
New Spring Shirts in
plain white, assorted
colored stripes or fancy
designs in dependable
fabrics with soft double
or stiff cuffs—coat-cut
style, in. all sizes, 14 to
18. Old values. <M CA
Price, each .- f I««w
ide of soft quality flannelette with neat colored
pipes, with, collar attached and cut large and
omy. AlLgizes. These are cheaper than the man-
acturer's price today. Special <M 40
lue, each  *fsa—*a
fine quality mufflet in beautiful designs with
nge ends; suitable for early Spring wear. *q QQ
ice, each - -••-■.• "
black worsted hose of fast dye; well made and
st the right hosiery for hard service. OC-
ley come in all sizes. Special at, per pair.  wi.
NoUoo to Correspondents
Many letters for the correspondence
column which are received at tbe Federationist olllce are not printed, tor
one of two reasons, either tbey are too
long, or they are not legible. Many
letters received run any when trom
One to three .columns, and lt is impossible to give publicity to letters sf this
length. Correspondents to secure publication of their letters most be brief,
snd write legible copy; otherwise tbey
will not be entertained.
Bound  FUOurlsa
Editor B. 0. foderationist! I am instructed to call tbe attention of tbe
Federation ot Labor to tbe cause of a
brother elass of tollers—the gill-net
lishermen ot ths west coast of vanconver Island, wbo at the present time,
are engaged in a light with tbe combined cannery interests and their tremendous politieal leverage.
Our demand is for the abolition of
tbe purse seine nets used by these privileged companies, for wo contend that,
by their uae, thore will be no fishing
industry worth calling by tbat name in
a short poriod of timo.
Serious injury hss already beon done
to tho sockeyo salmon owing to the
faot that fishery regulations have been
brokon with impunity by these eompa*
nios, Otber classes of salmon are threatened wltb similar destruction, and the
aame applies to the herring.
Wo, the gill-not fishermen, claim that
tho discriminating gill not, under proper regulations,-is tbe only means of
securing a permanent prosperity of tho
fishing Industry, becauso the gill net
allows immature fish to survive, for tbe
benefit of future years; but the seine
net is sn exterminator.
Another faet to which I would call
your attention. During tho last ten
yoars tho Japanese havo got a big grip
have absolute
Granville and Georgia Streets
For your kitchen—Wellington Not
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace   ,
Comoi Lump - Comox Nut - Comox Pen
(Ity oat Wa Ooal for your -*mtafeH fames)
THBOUOH Mount Bobson and Jasper Parks ""■*•*•
omlries through tbe most fertile grata belt to the world
rwinnlMg, Toronto, Ottawa, MontrejJ »■*-<*■*"*..
CONOTClnONS at Winnipeg and Duluth for Csntrd
StS at Toronto and Montreal for Eastern Status and
now &», a*-**"' Hgbted, Standard and Toarirt
Slooping Oars, also Dining Cars.
For Bates, Tibkets, Literature and Information, apply to
ASHOTAHT GENERAL *"«««■*•%*«"* ___
nartln-sBtroet Wost, Vanconver, B. 0.        Pboas Soymonr MM
Opposite U*>r tsmpl*
vABooovBa. a. o.
MliutrMts for I*»or
--   and 11.00 psr day.
0 per week .and np.
.i RmopsHs Bales
■eamHSBS aud pubushim
Printers te ne IMeraHealsl
Tbo   Fudetatliinlit  la   pro-head   horn
ear  modem   niwipapy   prlatbt  pleat.
od for Health Improves the Appetite
tryos* knowi thst cheap goodi oaa only bo prodnoed by
I oheap material! tad employing cheap labor.
produced from tha highest grade material! proeorabte-
ioade U a ONION product bom start to flnlth.
on our Industry. They
control of the dry salting process of
tho imamturo herring, which reprosent
75 per eent, of tho fish caught to the
seino net. This aalted herring is shipped to tbelr own country, and moans a
groat loss of -wealth to our own land.
Not only that.1 There Is plenty of
evidence to prove that the Japanese
have boen allowed to fish in certain
areas of our ooaat to the exclusion of
tho white fishermen. Ib fact the white
man has been virtually chased away.
While fishing provileges Ire under
the control of the Dominion member
for the district, Mr. H. 8. Clements,
and tho chiof officials ef the depart*
ment of Fshcriee, it will be hopeless to
think of a big population of whito fishermen, making a respectable living sn
our coast. The presont system must bs
'You are probably aware tbat we
have an offioial commission of inquiry,
now sitting at Port Alberni, but ws
foar that unless we have the publie
opinion behind us it will be a faree.
Henco this appeal to the toilers on
land for the tollers on the waters. Tbeir
sympathy and holp, financially or otherwise, are neoded to eleanao the land of
those who are greedy for great gain.
I enclose you copies of resolutions
adopted by our local Board of Trade,
and Our association.   Yours truly,
0. H. 8. COWELL,
Editor B. C. Fedorationist: I wonder
if any of your readers who havo child*
ron in the fourth class at publio school
have over taken the trouble to look at
the Canadian History book, prescribed
for entranco pupils. A toaoher can
manago to make tho early period of
Canadian history quite thrilling to children if sho ignores tho text book and
provides herself with Agnes Lant's
graphic accounta of the' early daya
After the time of Brock, however, Canadian history (aa given in the text
book) ia a history of Canadian polities
and it is nothing short of a screaming
farce to put into tho hands of children
of 12 and 13, what la more suited to
tho capacities of university students.
Tho joke of lt Is that we are solemn*
ly told that a history book is now for
the first time put into the children's
hands to give them a tasts for history!
To a grown man, much moro an unfor-
tunato child, it is liko a dose of physic
to read, mark and learn a chapter in
the bitter part of our Canadian history, text book. Military campaigns
are in all conscience sorry stuff to teach
a child, but at any rate thoy ean bo
mado cheaply interesting and exciting
by a gaod teacher; but what is teaohor
or child to do with fustian like this,
pickod at random: "Tho governor had
great difficulty in 'finding successors,
and nine months elapsod boforo a Conservative ministry with Mr. Draper at
ita head, wae completed. In the elections which followed, Metcalfe secured
a small majority for bis policy." And
so on and so forth for many dreary
Chinoso students preparing for ox*
animations havo to learn interminable
pagea of tbo words of Confucius.   In
olden dayB, Botch ohlldren had to	
morlzc tho Shorter Catechism, and in
the year 1010 our ontranco class children havo to swallow tho socond part
of dammoll'a hiatoryl Tako a look at
It, .parents, from pago 142 to the ond
and see what you think of ii Bemcm-
ber too that this is what specialists to
our B. 0. Education department think
suitable meat for 13-year-olds.
-One of the jibes thrown at tbe Bussian Soviets was that they pat a laundry woman in charge of the education
department. Well, She eOuld not possibly have beaten our education department in stupidity where Canadian history for children is concerned. I remain, yoars truly,
Editor B. C. Federationist: At present there is a sit going up for the
abolition of prohibition, coming ostensibly from tie worker and returning
soldier, but behind tbe movement ean
be seen tbe fino Italian band of the
master. s
Prohibition was forced upon tbe
worker to inerease bis efficiency, and
thus increase tbe profits of tbe msster
by increased* production and tbe saving
of the money the worker onee spent on
boose, for as soon as there waa no
booze to buy, the capitalists saw to it
that there wss no money to buy boose
with. Prohibition bus increased efficiency in tbe worker. At last ke has
learned to think more efficiently, aad so
now it behooves the toss to again soak
tho worker with boozo to prevent bim
from carrying bis thoughts into action,
Are university professors and news*
paper editors furthering this campaign
so that they themsolves may be able to
obtain whiskey! Hardly probable;
since recent developments have shown
tbat it is not hard for those with the
price to obtain all tbe boose they want.
Ia it from a deep regard for the principle of peraonal liberty! It would not
appear tbat tbey held .sueh regard,
judging from tboir attitude on freo
spooch and many other condltlona concerning the worker based on this principle. Nor is it from any love of the
worker aad desire that he bave those
things he wants.
Workers, do net let your appetites
lead you into a trap boing prepared for
you by tho master, "whereby you would
lend yourselves to help fasten the fetters even more firmly upon the clsss as
a whole.
Do you think a strike Buoh as the
>o just concluded in Seattle oould
been brought to a close without a singlo disturbance during the five days it
lasted had it beon possible to obtain
Think, talk, work and fight fer prohibition that the worker may be free
to think and act clearly. .   -.
8. MOBBI80N.
$10.15 per ton
Greateit Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Foniitiire Co.Ltd.
(Continued from pegs 2)
beautiful things Lave come out ot tt,
Wrong has been defeated, but the rest
of the world has been more conscious
than it ever was before of a majority
of the right. People that were auspicious of ono another can now-live as
friends, and comrades to a single family, and desiro to do so. Tbe miasma
of distrust and Intrigue, is olearod
away. Men aro looking eyo to eyo and
saying 'Wo are brothors and havo a
common purposo. We did not realise
it beforo, but now we do realize it,
and thia is our covonant of friendship.' "
Trotsky onco dosorlbed Wilson as the
greatost hypoorito on the planet. The
United States haa at the prosont timo
in its gaols more men suffering for
political "crlmea" than there ever
were in Bussia during the darkest dayB
of the czar's regime and yet he talks
of wrong being defeated. If evor there
was a Ume mien brutal tyranny held
full sway it is the presont and the
League of Nations is being formed
with the idea ef making this rule perpetual and international. They may
talk of peace but there will bo no peaco
so leng aa capitalism remains and we
should not be surprised if the United
Statos should Immediately begin to
make preparations for a gigantic war.
Tbere Ib a league against the working
clsss being formed by tbo capitalist
class. ' Wilson, Lloyd Qeorge, demon-
ceau and the Clown of the international eirouB. Samuel Oompers represents
this class but there is also taking
shapo an International organization of
tho workera of all lands and this, in
spite of the heads of the League of
Nations, and it is upon this body of
working mon that tbo fate of tbe world
rests. When the representatives of Labor receivo a mandato from their mom*
bers to the offect that the slavos rofuso
to fight each other any longor in tho
intorests of thoir masters, war will
cease and so will slavery. Wo shall
then seo.tho foundation laid for tho
brothorhood of man. This consummation so devoutly to bo wishod iB much
noarer thnn many of us realizo. Tho
mighty economic forces aro moving
fastor and ever faster grinding to dust,
all tho mlserablo pottyfogging sebomes
of tho honehmen of tho capltaliat class,
and bringing us nearer every minute to
tho timo when'tho oarth ahall be ours
ahd tho fullness thereof.
The Aliens Were a Source
of Profit to the Big
Tbe alien enemy question is very
much to the fore. What is an alien
enomyl Tbe ordinary man would to- f'
stantljr answer, "An individual born in
thoee countries wltb which we were
reeently at war." Is tbis correct- Tko
Csobo-Slovaks are now regarded as alUes
aad consequently those at preaent pro-
siding to tbis country wbo eome originally from Bohemia, cannot bo regarded aa enemies, and it is doubtful
whether tbe Ukraniaas, although many
of tbem were under Austrian rale, eaa
be slassified u alien enemies. An alien
enemy therefore is aa isdMdual wbo
supported tbo late ruling elsss of tto
countries wo note at war witb. Tbo
supporters of tbe kaiser and ths ruling
elsss of Germany and Austria during
the war could be deported from thia
country and tbe result would be beneficial to tbe working olass movoment,
but those men who bitterly fought the
Teutonic rulers all through tbe war and
wbo worked for their downfall Bhould
bs regarded not as enemies but as
friends. Tbo alien question is extremely interesting and a careful study of
tbo matter will amply repay those wbo
undertake the taak.
First and foremost, who brought tht
aliens bere or who induced tbem to
comei It it well known that many of
tbem eame bers as a result of tbo lies
circulated by the Canadian government
and tbe ruling elass of this country.
The alien thought wben he saw the
large advertisements of the 0. P. B.
that he wss coming to a bind flowing
witb milk and honey and to a eountry
where he would be cordially welcomed
by the inhabitants. He found, however,
that be came to a land where true hospitality ia unknown and where naked
exploitation is the order of the day. He
waa not wanted and was brought here
to prevent tbo working elass sf tbis
country from organising and to reduce
wages. Some of them came with "capital" and started in bnsiness and now
they come- in competition with the
businessmen of British, American or
Canadian stock, consequently they are
to the way and it Is to be noted tbat
many returned soldiers are being incited against these by those whose intorest it is to do so. The ruling clsss
of this country should bave tbeir nationality carefully inquired toto. Wbo
ia the 0. P. B. for instanco! How many
aliens own tbat outfit t The same inquiry should be instituted regarding
every capitalist concern In tbe conn*
try. The capitalist class is international and tho different gangs line up according to their respective interests.
Thoy are all agreed upon one thing,
howover, and that is tbat tbey are
privileged to exploit tbe working clsss.
When it comes to that question they
are one. The British, French, Qermi
Austrians, Americans, Japanese ana
Chineso capitalists are all lined up
against those working men ot Bussia
who rof use to submit to exploitation.
Tho Bolsheviki ia ten tlmea more terrible than the kaiser. Tbe returned
soldier makes the mistake of limiting
his vision to the loan of a job. A man
who has only the loan of a job has not
got anything. The job always belongs
to tbo other fellow and yot we find that
the root causo of all alien trouble insofar aa tho roturned soldier is concerned
iB tho desire to take tho placo of, tho
alien in industry. If all the returned
soldiors could get tho loan of .a good
job wo should have no troublo. He
thinks that tho removal of the alien
would givo him work. Work never
brought a workingman anything under
thia systom but tired bones and poverty. It is thoso who toil not, neither
do they spin, thst .get the wealth of
Canada and evory other eountry. The
alien has been working during the war.
Suppose we say for argument's Bake
tbat tbe alien haa beon doing all tho
work during tho war. Thon it logically
followa that ho has produced all tho
woaith brought into being during the
war. Tbe profiteers who bave waxed
fat whilo tne fighting mon wore overseas would, in thiB case, havo made
their profits by exploiting tho alien. All
wealth, aB wealth ia expressed today,
is produced by labor and by labor alone.
All working men, whother aliens tf no,
are poor and they do all tho work. All.
capitalists aro rich and if thoy work
at all it ia aa tho burglar works. Tbo
romoval of tho alien will leavo the real
enemy entrenched and will Btill leavo
tho roturnod soldier a poor worbing
man oven If ho borrows tbo job that
tho olion now baa the loan of. The only
remedy ia the abolition of the wago
Bystem and tho way to bring this about
is for all working mon to lino up in
ono solid body to lino up as a elass with
tho idoa of getting hold of tho reins
of government and onacting legislation
tbat will transform tho ownership of
tho menns of life. Instead of capitalist
ownership wo should aim nt working-
class ownorship. Thia accomplished, wo
could then all produco becauso wo
should own thc means of produotlon.
Wo eould then all enjoy because nil
would huve the opportunity to do se.
'THESE three fundamentals of piano quality have
been the potent factors that have placed the BfH
New Art Piano in the front rank of pianos of inter-:
national fame. They ought to be the determining
factors in deciding the important question of what
piano to buy.
Montellus Piano House
country that ia our eountry aal from
one end to tbo otber it will resound
witb cries of gladness and tbe patter of
children's feet
Teamsters Beduce Hoars
San Francisco—Differences between
organised teamsters and the Draymen's Association have been adjusted
by tho adoption of tbe niae-bour day.
The men were working nine and one-
half hours, and wanted-the time reduced one hour. Both sides compromised.
Barclay Sound Fisheries
Protective Association
Tbe Barclay Sound Fisheriee Protective Association appeals to tbe publie
for funds to help save the fishing industry of Vancouver Ialand.       .,
We are arrayed againat the combined
cannery companies witb thslr great
wealth and immense political leverage.
* The full control of tbls industry is in
the hands of the Dominion member tor
tbe dlatrlct, and chief Inspector ot fisheriee, through whom theee companies
enjoy orlvlleges and concessions which j^,, N    , ^amm
are a menaee to a permanent prosper-    T™' """' v™»ge,i
ity.' Whilo these conditions exist, it Is
hopeless to think of a population of
white fishermen earning a decent living
on our coast.
Donations may be sent to Secretary,
Port Alberni, or any local branch of
Bank of Montreal.
Phono Sey. 281 Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson & Clegg
S31 Homer Stroot   Vanconver, B.O.
.Canada rood Board"
S   License (—1115   ■
Holding'Em Down
to rock bottom prises is my aim.  I
am succeeding, too, as evidei
tho  huge increase
Cany" customers.
evidenced by
of   "Cssh   and
Speeial in Tomatoes-do esses,   solid
pack, 2 1-2 lb. tins. nm
Two for       oOC
Tho longor I livo tbo moro I discern,
that this world of ours is a darn qucor
concern. It's a crimo to pick pockots
but it's perfectly right to pick a man's
wages on Saturday night; for the lawa
are constructed wherever I'vo 'boon,
that the workors aro mado for tbo
grafters of skin. If you try to be honest you don't stand a chance; you will
suro to bo known by tho patch on your
pants. If you Btoal a few millions
you're a person of note; if you steal
a ham-bono the police get your goat.
If you run around naked you aro aent
to the pon; if you swipe somo old clothing you go thero again. If you murder
to war your valour is sung; if yon privately murder you're doomed to be
hung. If a girl sells her virtuo she's
branded as vile; but tho rooster tbat
bought it is met with a smile. If a
man tells tho truth thon /the people
get tired; If be tolls tbem a myth they
say ho's inspired. It's a funny old
world whorovor you turn; It's a devilish twisted and darned quoor concern;
it's'badly balled up and its all out
of tune and must be a sight for the
man in the moon.
In tho Blp Saw—St. Louis.
Olris Form Union
Hartford,   Conn.—About   .100   tole*
phono operators havo organized despite
opposition nf company officials.
Evaporated Figs, - «■
per lb.  v -frOC
Cream of Wheat or otsnu-   OA
lated Wheat, per package .... -__UC
St. Charles Milk, 20-oz.    '      Q«
cans, 2 for  _      dSOC
Sogers' Syrup,
5-lb. cans .................
Fresh Ground Coffee.
So long ns capitalism remains the re*
movnl of tho alien or exchanging plnocr
with him mil not bring nny reliof. It
ts to bo noted that most of the aliens
nro anxious to leavo the country, thoy
havo had enough and wo should prob*
ably hnve an exodus from Cannon if
those who desire to roturn to tho land
of their birth only had tho prico, Tho
reason why many came to these shores
was becauso thcir political opinions
brought them into conflict with thoso
in nuthority and thoy now desire to return to their kith and kin because political liberty has been established In
tho land of thoir birth.
Canada is not a rich country but an
extremely poor one. Tbat country is
thc richest thnt consumes the most be*
.causo consumption Ib tho seed of future
woalth. This is true evon from tho capitalist standpoint. Every working man
at presont In thla country who loaves
it will leave tho country so much poorer. Thoro is room enough In British
Columbia for millions of human beings
and labor applied to mothor earth will
supply them with all thut Is necessary
to enablo them to livo nnd enjoy life
to tho full. Lot Canada bolong to tho
working class of Canada and we cnn
Introduce the co-operative commonwealth thnt Is to say wo can co-operatively produce for use. This onco established and the more inhabitants tho
merrier. Man will not thon fight his
follows for a job. Wo shall bays no
alien question. Wo shall havo wealth
In abundance. Wo shall have a country of our own, not a country that belongs to tho alien capitalist aud in
which we aro only boarders.   But a
Thore Ib no botter insurance on
effective service than the two following practices.*
Firat—Invariably to consult the
directory and oall by numbor, slowly, one numeral at a time;
Second—To evidence the same
consideration and politeness tbat is
shown by the operator when difficulties arise, regardless of thoir origin,
large , 	
Fancy Grape Fruit,
Local Honey, to glass,
for .
Molasses Snaps,
2 lbs. 	
Split Peas,
per lb 	
Lux, per
Oold Dost; largo
9 Bars Toilet
S. T. Wallace's
no basthos at.
Bicycles of  Real  Value—Tisdall's  STANDARD
* N ASSEMBLING this Bicycle, quality has been our first
* consideration.   We thereforo offer you  an  exceptionally
strong wheel at a very moderate price.
Presldsnt oi the Trades and Labour Council
and Member of the National War Savings Committee ol Canada
Says about
"The largest employer ol Labor in the
future will be the Dominion Government
Invest in War-Saving* Stamps and
become a shareholder".
Sold wherever you aaa the
Smart, All-Wool
Hart Schaffner
& Marx
Spring Suits at
They're distinguished clothes, strictly of
all-wool fabrics, tailored carefully in the
latest styles.
The price is important because it's so low
 as-s6ffipar8d-^»ih the-real merits of these
"Quality at Economy Prices."
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Co-Ops. Fa-. Dividends
Canton, 111.—Tho cooperative society at this place roports a proflt during
the Ilrst threo months* of its business
To au-abus ol say unloa la Canals •
ipecUi rata (or Tts FodinUoeUt, SI SB
per real—If a elob of 10 or mors ll sent In.
Gallstones removed, Appendicitis corrected in 21 hours without
pain. Mrs. 0- Almas, SM Fourth
Streot, Saskatoon, sole manufacturer,   Not aold by druggists.
Scene: Courtroom in Ontario: magistrate in dais; clerk at table below;
prisoner iu dock; policemen on guard;
lawyers, et al.
Crown Attorney: Now, prisoner, toll
me what this book is.
Prisoner, a Finn: I—I don't know.
Crown Attorney: What! Tou mean
to toll me you do not know what is
this seditious book for having which
you stand hero charged.
Prisoner: Naw.
Crown Attorney: Nonsense! Tou
cannot escape justice by such pretense.
Toll tho court what the book is.
Prisoner: I dont know whst you
call tbat in English. My wife looks in
it when she makes Mme plee aad good
things for eat
Court adjourns to have title of book
done into English.
Negroes Join Unions
Houston,   Tolas.—Negroes   ln   tbls
eity are accepting   the   trade   union
theory and well-attended meetings are
being held by these workora.
Capitalism Is the Hindrance
to Further Progress of
The rogular propaganda meeting of
tbo Socialist Party of Canada was held
— a° Empress theatre last Sundsy
evening. The speakor waa J. Smith
and 1. Livingstone occupied the chair.
The subject of hia lecture wss "Exploitation." _t treated his subject
historically. Hhe Bolsheviki is the historical descendent of the communists.
This International party held a congress in London lh 1847, snd asked
Karl Marx and Frederick Bugles to
writs a manifesto which is more widely reed now tbsn sver before, tbe Communist Manifesto.
Tbe Ifty congresses of tbo Soviets
bave Issued a manifesto which sbowstbs
relationship of the Bolsheviki to ths
old Communist psrty of Msn. Tbe
Bolsheviks ara now eslled tbo Communist party, and ths basis of tbat
party is the suppression of exploitation.
The term "exploitation" pro-supposes two classes, tbe exploiter and
the exploited.
Tbere was, away baek ln man's history, a time wben there was no exploitation and therefore no classes.
Lewis Morgan, author of "Ancient Socioty," rof ers at groat longth to this
poriod. The American Indian beforo
the whito men camo was not exploited.
His tools were just primitivo and he
just made a living, and no more, by
hunting and fishing, eto.
But there came a time in man's history somo thousands of years back,
when, history shows us, man was divided into two classes, slaves and slave
owners. Great slave states arose, such
as Egypt and Mesopotamia and lator
on Groece and Bome. A ehango had
occurred, men formerly free wero now
slaves. Tho few exploited tho many.
This change—tho genesis of slavery,
was due to tho fact that social development had progressed so far that a man,
by working all day could produco moro
than enough to keop himself. By on-
slaving tho.othor men it was possiblo
for a fow to live on the surplus that
the slaves created; without doing any
productivo work themsolves. On tbls
basis the great slavo Btntes, tbo last
of which was Bome, was raised. Bome
fell bofore tho onslaughts of .the Huns.
The chattel slave system had become
decadent and was retrogressing. Tbo
social relationships of chattel slavery
no longer fitted in with tho economic
conditions which had arisen. They
woro a fotter on advancement, which
made tho conquest oasy for the Huns.
After tbe fall of tho Boman empire,
thore was for a timo chaos, out of
which tho foudal system emorged. Tbe
slavo ownor was no more, his piano waa
taken by tho foudal lord, and tho slavo
became a serf. The new form of exploitation was obvious. Tbe sorf worked part of the time for himself and
part for his lord for whieh latter work
lio was paid nothing. Practically every*
one worked on the land, but as tho system doyclopcd a trading and manufac
taring class arose Artisans began to
work, only at their trades, and serfs
began to run away to the cities. The
new exploiters, traders and manufacturers, grow richer and richer and of toner and oftenor thoir interests clashed
with tho foudal institutions. These institutions no longer fitted in with the
changed economic conditions and wben
tbe final strugglo eame tho foudal institutions were discorded. Tho workers became free, froe to sell tbeir labor-power dailyu or starve. Tbo slogan
of tbe bourgeoisie "freedom" meant
only, freedom to buy and sell, freedom
of property from feudal control, .and
freedom to exploit the workers. The
syBtem has developed by leaps since
then owing te inventions of machinery
and power.
Tbe freo workera are werss exploited
today than over and by tbe ssme meth*
Empire Oil
Capitalization only $260,000     WELL NOW DRILLING      Holdings 060 Acres
Thc holdings of this company are situated near Aldergrove in thc Langley Municipality, which is recognized as the best location in the Fraser Valley for Oil. Thc
drilling of the well is under the supervision of Ur. Roy J, Widney, who has had
twenty yeara' experience in the California and Alberta Oil Fields and is considered
one of thc best drillers in tho country. A heavy standard rig, capable of going
down 5000 feet if necessary is now being installed, which, when completed, will
bc the largest and most up-to-date plant iu British Columbia.
Action Not Words Our Motto
The Empire Oil Oo., whioh started in a small way, against all kinds of-obstacles
and opposition, haa quietly forged ahead Until today it ranks first.in the field '
with the bast location, the belt driller, the best equipment, and wc believe will havo
the flnt commercial well.
Invest your money in a company that is actually drilling and trying to accomplish something—you are guaranteed a square denl and a run for your money under an honest, capable management.
Empire Oil is absolutely thc best buy on the market today at 10 cents per share.
Prices subject to advance at any time without further .notice. It will pay you to
investigate tliis company beforc placing your money elsewhere.
Pacific Coast Development Co., Ltd.
Phone Seymour 1489
Open Evening! 419 FENDER STREET WEST
at $1.65 and
-White voile with embroidered and hemstitched front, large
square collar and long
sleeves with hemstitched cuffs, 34 to 44, at
$1.65 each.
-Fancy satin striped,
voile, made with square
collar and revere effect.
Colors are blue, black
and white, grey, black
and white, and rose,
black and white. Sizes
36 to 44, at $1.65.
-Maize or flesh colored
voile, with round neckj
the front has clusters of
fine tucks and is hemstitched—$1.95.
-White repp, made with
tucked and hemstitched front and with tailored convertible col-
-Blouse in round neck
with buttonhole embroidery and deep
sailor collar, finished
with lace edge. The
front is embroidered—
575 Granville Vkone Sey. 3540
..February 11,
Central Body Held
Busy Session Last Night
(Continued trom page 1)
od. The workers produce more wealth
in a given timo, than is needed to keep
them in food, clothing and abetter, tho
balanco becomes tho ront, intorest and
the profit of tho capitalists, who get it
owing to tbelr control of the machinery
of wealth production, backed up by
tho atate. _
But this surplus must bo Bold, and
markots must bo found abroad. The
competition for markets led up to the
presont war.
Capitalism cannot sell ita commodities, its machines, railroads, otc., without at the ,Bamo time making those
backward lands which form its markets, become themselves capitalistic. In
a short time they also bave a surplus
and competition becomes still keener.
War follows as a matter of coarse.
Capitalism haa arrived at a point
where the socially operated forces of
produetion and tbe private ownership
of those forces constitute a contradiction which must be a eliminated if we
are going to go forward. Tbe only way
te do that ie to put an end to private
ownership in the means of wealth production and in so doing wo end exploitation. That Is exactly wbat tbe
Communist party is doing In Bussia,
Miners Re-Elected
Indianapolis.—A count of the referendum vote for officials of tho United
Mine Workers shows that President
Frank Hayes, Vice-President John
Lewis and Secretary-Troasuror William
Greon have been re-elected
Votes for Women
Indinnopolis.—Tho stato sonato has
passed tho House bill -giving women
tho right to vote at presidential elections.   Thc sonato voto was 43 to 3.
Frankfurter Resigns
Washington — Follx Frankfurter,
chairman of the War Labor Policies
Board, lias rosignod. It is stated that
the board will he demobilised.	
Suits at
Notwithstanding the
high price of woollens,
we can give you good,
hard-wearing tweeds at
this price — Fashion-
Craft make, too.
Parliament,    and    tbe    postmaster-
The resolution was adopted.
Labor Bureaus
A general discussion took place on
tne question of tbe newly established
employment bureau opened by the government at'the corner of Homer Btreet.
Delegate Showier stated that be considered that the members of Organised
Labor should ignore tbis institution.
Delegate McVetv stated tbat he was
opposed to tbe lite of aetion suggested
by Delegate Showier, until such time
as tbere Was evidence tbat it was not
being operated properly,
Delogate Kavanagh slated tbat while
he bnew bow labor bureaus were operated ln tbe old land, and that a ays-
tern of blacklist was established in connection with them, tbat there waa not
sufficient to condemn tbis institution
i yet.
Delegate Pritchard referred to tbe
labor bureaus of Lloyd Oeorge in
Oreat Britain, which had been used aa
blacklisting sgencles, where men's
records were kept, and carefully listed for the employers' benodt, and tbat
tbe workers were justified in being
akeptical, but tbat it would not hurt
to suspend judgment.
Delegato Trotter said that be could
see nothing to be gained by acting on
tho suggestion made, aa the Organized
Labor Movement had repeatedly advocated the doing away with private
agenelos, .and requesting that government ones be established if they were
needed. The mattor was finally
The Khaki Labor Union
Delegate Kavanagh reported that
tbo Khaki Labor Union waa advertising for stevedores and longshoremen,
and was taking or attempting to take
contracts from the C. P. B. at less rates
than were being paid in the oity. He
also stated that the organisation was
dying aa those that were membors of
it saw tbo rottennesB of tbo concern.
Delogate Thomaa stated that this or
ganization was an insult to the soldiers, as it waa a schemo to got mon
to do the dirty work of tho employing class. He also statod that tho secretary of the organiztaion was an ex-
secret sorvico man. Dolegato Hill
statod that the organization did not
represent the returned men, aud that
it was prepared to take in anybody,
whother a returned man or not, and
to do any kind of work.
A short discussion took placo on tho
question of making tho Federationist a
daily paper, but nothing definite was
decided, as it was pointed'out by some
of the delegates that it was a big
jump from a weekly paper to a daily.
Delogate Cassidy brought to the attention of the council the statements
in the prose as to Yarrows, Limited,
moving to this coast owing to tho labor
troubles in tho old land. Tbo secretary
wob instructed to communicate with
the Glasgow Trades Council, and inform that body aa to tho conditions
and tbe opinion of labor on thla coast.
Tho council adjourned shortly beforo
11 p.m.
Huns Fled in Panic
The Gorman troops in Windau, Coiir-
land, en tbe Baltic Sea, fled in panic
when the Bolshoviki took tho city recently,'according to Berlin despatches.
Twenty-eight civilians in Windau were
killed by the invaders, wbo continued
advancing after tho capture of the city.
THB styles thiB year promise many delightful changes aad now that the war
ia over the military styles have almost
entirely vanished. The new suits we are
featuring are extremely smart, copies from
Paris and New York's latest creations. The
leading style is the panel effect with vest
and eollar of contrasting materials. Another
style that is destined to bo popular is tbe
Short Eton coat, witb skirt a trifle longer
aad narrower. Osr Pogfs utf Dresses are
also veiy elaborate and stylish.
DON'T wait until yon see others wearing
the new styles. Be a leader yourself.
We'll help you by giving you liberal
credit terms. Oet a full Benson's wear snd
pay while wearing them. Simply pay a
small deposit and tbe balance at your convenience.
143 Hastings Street West
Opp. Province Offlce Seymour 1361
Workers Must Act
Manchester, England.—In discussing
the question of shorter hours in the
cotton trade, the Cotton Factory Times
"Of ono thing tbe workers may rest
woll assured, that any advance depends
ontircly upon themselveB, aB no help ia
to be expected from outBide sources,
and the sooner thoy sot about the task
on definite lines tho bettor -will be tbe
prospects of success.
"The prosont mill hours are B5 1-2
per woek, and so far as any one outside the trado is concerned, they may
remain at that Aa a body the employors give not the slightest practical sign
that thoy intend to mako any move to
moot the operatives' desires."
Pona, 111.—During tho last quarter
tho Pana Co-oporativo Socioty sold
goods to tho nmount of $2,728.29 to its
mombors, and to non-members the
amount wos $2,421.80.
Patronise Federationist advertiser!
nnd tell them whv vou do so.
I Bell for thc benefit of my clients nnd
to the public tt luge. I un no novice in
the business. A trial will convince yon.
Olve me a trial.
As I am getting overstocked wltb furniture of all descriptions I must and shall
start selling the furnituro first. After furniture, enamelware, chamber sets, pitchers,
glassware, china and plate ware and a lot
of articles too numerous to mention, I
mean business. Attend my sales for bar
Stymonr SSS        Hight Phone, ity. 3014-0
Brand's    Pilot     (En.i
frown); packet  16a
let*.  11.00
Brand's    Exhibition
Long   Pod   |( i i i i
grown);  packet  ISc
Plat   7«c
Muielbargb; pkt lot
Oanee      S0«
Brand's     New     Harrow;
paoket  10c
Ounco   60c
Yellow, lb ,;.
White,   lb	
Shallot,, lb.   SSe
Catalogue     and      Garden
Guide   Free   on   Ke-pieit
Brand's Stare
SSS  Baitings  street
..SSe I
*S0e 1
.SSe I
i-dea *
723 Robson SI.
33-45-47-49, flashings ShEasl\
Shoe values that cannot be
replaced in the market
today at this price
-a men's shoe special that we're proud to stand behind-
a shoe you'll not duplicate elsewhere at two dollars above the
price we offer them at tomorrow. A UNION-MADE SHQE
throughout—made to stand and wear—
Dick's Special Price $6.50
—this shoe comes in black and
brown calfskin—button or lace
style—leather or fibre soles—wide
or recede toes—Goodyear welt—a
dress shoe that'll measure up to
your expectations of a shoe worth
eight fifty.
Mothers should see our
large line of shoes for
boys—they're winners
and wearers at our
prices—sizes 1 to 61-2
Your   Money's]
Worth or Your j
Money Back


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