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The British Columbia Federationist Apr 15, 1921

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32-60 PER YEAR
Eight   Million   Workers
Expected to Down
Their Tools
Emergency Troops  Are
Permeated With
Unless something abaolutely un
foreseen happens eeveral million
workera tn Great Britain will be
involved In the Miners' etrlke by
this < Friday\ evening. All efforts
to settle the strike have failed dur'
Ing the past few days, various unions In the country have been considering the subject of a sympathetic strike with the result that
the following have agreed to down
tools on behalf of the miners.
The National Union of Railway
The transport Workers Federation, comprising 82 unions.
The General Federation of
Workers, Involving 100 industries,
and a membership of 1,500,000.
National Union of Stewards,
Cooks, Bakers and Butchers.
The Electrical Trades Union,
Locomotive Engineers and Firemen's Union.
These are all key unions, but
besides these there are many
other small unions that are taking up the question. It is estimated that eight million workers will
be involved by Saturday.
The parliamentary commftltee
of the Trades Union Congress, the
national executive of the Labor
Party and the Parliamentary Labor Party have expressed solidarity wtth the Miners.
The sympathetic strike has been
scheduled by the Triple Alliance
to start Friday night.
Gutting the Guns	
Striking coal miners have hit
upon an ingenious plnn to turn one
of the chief weapons of the government into an instrument for
their own defence. . They are enlisting.by the thousands ln thc citizen's emergency forces called for
by the King. Thug they not only
get themselves Into a strategic position to Influence the minds of
those who, side by side with them,
may be called upon to combat the
etrlke, but they draw government
pay and rations, which exceed all
etrlke benefits. The railywaymen
and transport workerB are expected to follow the same tactics.
The mine owners have refused
to budge in their proposed wage
cut and the government apparently will help them by starving the
minera  into submission.
During the war the government
' took  steps  to   prevent   workmen
from taking advantage of the situation to force up wages.
Drawing attention  to   this,   the
(Continued on Page 8)
"ays Miners Can Operate
Mines Without the
Glasgow.—Speaking at a National Guild conference In Glasgow,
held to promote thc idea of self-
government ln industry, Robert
Smillie expressed his confidence
that the miners could run the mines
successfully without the coal-owners. Replying to thc statement that
the workers were unlit to govern,
he declared that democracy was
sufficiently intelligent and honest to
guide the affairs of state if it got
the chance. Certainly lt could not
do worse than the fellows who were
In charge at presont.
If it were true that the Industry
could hot at present bc carried on
without reducing wages or Increasing prices, it was because It had
not been carried on as it ought to
havo been under private ownership, and they would gladly take
tho mines over and run the risk of
having to reduce wages. If tho
mines wero handed over tomorrow
to the mine workers, manual and
technical, they could carry them
tn successfully supposing every
mine owner ln Great Britain were
lo go over to TImbuctoo and re-
naln there.
Mclnnis Is Nominated to
Contest School By-
Last Sunday at the Columbia
Dave Rees spoke to a large audienoe, his subject being, "Why are
we here?"
Next Sunday, April 17, J.
Woodsworth will speak, his topic
being, "What we are after and how
to get lt."
Sunday, April.24, will be given
over to "The 'Problems of Education." Comrade Mclnnis, the F.L.P.
condldate for the by-election for
sohool trustee, will speak, also Hrs.
Corse, and lt ls hoped all parents
Interested ln present-day methods
of education will be present.
The party hopes to have a rally
on April 80, and all members and
friends are asked to keep that date
General meeting Tuesday, April
19, Speakers' class Thursday evenings at 8 o'clock. Sunday school
for young people every Sunday at
1:45. All these meetings at F.L.P.
Hall, 148 Cordova Street.
Toronto.—Union painters won
their strike agalnat the Master
Painters' Association, whtch failed
in Us efforts to force a cut In
wages. Last year's schedule remains ln effect.
The Detroit and Seattle Central
Labor bodies have voted to send
delegatea to the Congress of the
Red Trade Union International,
whloh meets in Moscow May 1.
Govt Gives Big Order to
Germany for Rolling Stock
Brussels, Belgium — Unemployment Is assuming alarming proportions in Belgium. In the textile
works of Ghent some 20,000 workers are without Jobs, and in Ver-
viers 11,000 of the 16,000 normally employed lie Idle.
Antwerp, the centre of the diamond industry, Is also hard hit. Of
the 18,000 diamond cutters ordinarily employed, 8000 are out of
The government explains the
situation on the grounds of the
high cost ot transportation and
manufacture, the refusal of the
public to purchase and the general
unstable conditions of the world
market. The Belgian government
recently accepted a German proposal to supply rolling stock for the
Belgian state railways, at an apparent saving of 18,000,000 francs.
Looks as though the Allies
fought the war to end work.
New York. —The Million-Dollar
fund of the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America, to assist in
winning the fight agufnBt a roturn
to former sweatshop conditions
here, has been raised.
When thero la a flght on the man
Who gets In and digs Is thc one that
we like. Get In now and dig, by
patronizing Tlie Federatlonist advertisers.
Stiff Diplomatic Fight Is
Facing American
Paris.—The United States will be
asked into an allied conference to
"show her hand" in the game of
settling the war, it was predicted
in official circles, in such a conference the United States would be
asked to indicate which settlements
sho approved and which she disapproved, which ones she believes
she should decide and should devise methods for settlement of
Secretary Hughes faces what will
probably be the stiffest diplomatic
flght In the country. In three of
the biggest questions now In controversy between the allies and the
United States, there Is expected to
be almost immediate stiffening of
opposition to the American claims.
The questions are: The Japanese
mandate over Yap, an important
cable point in the Pacific; the San
Remo agreement botween France
and Great Britain for a division of
the Mesopotamia oil fields, and an
equitable division of the former
German cables.
»Hi-iii»i»-t.ininniii»i> i mjjM. n»i
What Some Business Men
Think of the Federationist
(As Stated to the Fed. Ad. Man)
PUBLICITY man for one of Britiih Columbia's lead-
■*■ ing public service corporations: "The Federationist
may be a good advertising medium, but we contribute
only to the support of those papers whose polioy is in line
with our own interests. We would not do anything to
help a publication that approves of Soviet Bussia."
Member of an important Eastern saw-manufacturing
firm, interviewed in Vanoouver recently: "Let me see
a copy of your paper." (Gives "Fed." onoe over.) "No,
I am afraid we cannot do any bnsiness with you. It is
plain to me that you have not got a constructive policy.
Tes, it is true that we advertise freely in certain Eastern
labor papers, but THESE PAPEBS ABE OF VALUE TO
HEADED OFF. STBIEES. All of the manufacturers in
my town support it."
Manager of a OranviUe Street musie house: "I do
not approve of the policy of the Federationist. Tou are
not interested in the views of the advertisers. Let mo
tell you that even the daily papers of Vancouver have
more than once accepted suggestions from me regarding
their attitude on publio questions. We are not disposed
to support a paper that fails to take a constructive position on our problems."
Member of a leading Vancouver firm of overall manufacturers: "Advertise in that Red sheet? I should say
not I Tour paper will never get anything from the manufacturers while it pursues its present policy. A good (!)
Labor paper would get a lot of advertising. Federations
ist! Good Qod, man, it's seditious!"'
Proprietor of a Hastings Street grocery store and marketaria: "Naw, I don't like the paper. It's holdin' back
progress. Wages have gotta come down, and you know
it.  This Red business is causin' a lotta trouble and you
{fellows are eggin' it on.  That won't getoha nowhere.
These agitators should be strung up."
-\ A Hastings Street tailoring firm:  "The Federationist
Is contributing) to the trouble that we are having in our
shop right now.   Higher wages for our employees and
'lower production from them.   That is the sort of thing
i fhat is keeping prices up, and you fellows are enoourag-
'■' ing it. No, you don't get any more advertising from us I"
. \ A large dry goods firm on OranviUe Street:  "If yon
are going to persist in your present attitude regarding
workers' organization, and will not pay any attention to
t piir views, we must withdraw our advertising from your
'' The great majority of firms which have refused to
'recognize the value of the Federationist as an advertising
. medium, lack the candor or the courage to state thcir
/opinions, as the individuals quoted above have done. It
toay be truthfully said that the employers as a whole,
Especially-those of them who are most keerily aware of
the true relationship between them and their employees,
„ recognize this paper as a power that must be destroyed if
ihey are to have a free hand in readjusting wages and
- 'working hours, that is, cutting down still more the living
'' Standards of the workers.
Vancouver's employers have shown their hand. Is thcir
.Brass Check press to have the field to itself in the
struggles that are to come.   The Federationist Maintenance Fund Drive closes May Day. If you have not already
''secured a card, send in what you can without delay.
Do not let it be said that TOU share thc responsibility
r for the loss of the workers' only newspaper west of
■nml mm i in l ill i
Meetings in 0111. Hall
For the Coming Week
SUNDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
TUESDAY—Irish Self-Determination League.
WEDNESDAY—Concert and dance.
THURSDAY—Plasterers' Helpers.
PBIDAY—Women's Auxiliary,
SATURDAY—Dance 9 to 12.'
Minister of Immigration
Orders That Socialist
Be Allowed to Enter
Last week it nae reported that
Joe Mallard, who had resided ln
Edmonton for ten or twelve years,
and who had been on a visit to tlie
Old Land, had been denied admission into Canada, because of the
fact that he was an undent-able
Socialist. The efforts of the Win-
nipeg- Defense League have, however, been successful, and on Tuesday word was received by J. Law,
secretary of the. Lengue, that the
Minister of Immigration had decided that Mallard and his wife
should be admitted. Possibly the
government realized that the stopping of Mallard would have considerable effect on the immigration
from the old country. In any case,
to stop the entry of a Socialist
would appear to be nonsensical in
these days when all workers are
becoming tinged with red.
T. O'Connor and McQuoid
Spoke Last
B. C. Electric Lets Out
Work to Unfair
Vancouver Electrical Workere
are again In trouble through what
appears to be an effort of the B.
C. Electric Railway Company to
continue Us attempt to cut wages.
Last Tuesday members of Local
213, International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workcrs( were pullod
off the work being done by contractors for the B. C. Electric
Railway Co.
It wns only early in March that
the company was forced to sign
and continue the old working
agreement with the union, but lt
looks as though the company is
attempting to break this agreement by letting out its work to
contractors. The contractors in
turn have refused to Blgn an agreement with the union giving tile
same scale of wages and conditions as called for ln the B. C.
Electric agreement.
After giving the contractors
every opportunity to sign up, and
being met with a flat refusal, the
union declared a strike against the
following firms last Tuesday: Q.
Peterson, electrical contractor;
Pandora & Salisbury; H. Rumble,
contractor, of New Westminster,
and tho Chilliwack Electric Co.
Organized labor ls urged to see
that they work only on Jobs on
whioh members of Local 213 I.
B. E. W. are engaged. The atrike
has bcen sanctioned by the international
Socialist Party Is Holding
Street Meetings
An exceptionally large audience
assembled at the Empress Theatre
last Sunday to hear Jack Kavanagh
speak for the Socialist Party of
Canada. Owing to a slight illness
he was unable to appear, but his
place was very ably filled by Tom
O'Connor, who gave an address of
exceptional merit; full of bright tl
lustrations and containing a mas
sage of the utmost significance to
the working class.
Comrade O'Connor is speaking,
every night, weather permitting, at
tho street corner, Carrall and Cordova Sts., and good work is helng
done there.
After a collection had been taken
up, an appeal for subscriptions to
the "Western Clarion," was made
by Comrade J. Harrington, and application forme were distributed
among the audience.
Following this, a brief, but interesting talk waa given by W. McQuoid, and tho usual questions and
discussion brought the meeting to
a close.
Next Sunday night the meeting
at the Empress should attract tha
Interest and support of all work-,
ors who have the welfare of the
movement at hehrt. The collection
Is to be handed to Com. W. A. Pritchard, and it is the hope of the
Local Vancouver No; 1, that a generous response will be made. Comrades Prltchard and Harrington
will speak, and a> splendid evening
for the Reds ls anticipated.
Did you overlook our appeal fori    Try your neighbor for a subscrlp.
funds? "tlon.
1'     I
French Communists Issue
Manifesto Against
New Menace
Denounce Measures That
"Lead World Into Another War
■ Paris.—The French Communists, in a manifesto entitled,
"Against the Menace of a Fresh
T^ar," published in l'Humanlte,
denounces tho invasion of Germany.
After denouncing the terms im-
ppBed on the Qerman workers and
the proposed sanctions, it proceeds:
"The measures notified to Qermany show brutal determination
to bring the vanquished once more
under the yoke, and to.resolve by
force that which is impossible of
settlement, except by free discussion and loyal agreement. But we
know that under the capitalist regimo there can be neither free discussion nor loyal agreement,
'We announce and denounce
these measures because they Sre
leading Western Europe and thc
world into new wars. Appeal cannot with impunity be mode to
superiority of armed force. There
will follow some episode which
Will cost new sacrifices of human
blood. But we know that war will
be always looming so long as the
capitalist regime  endures.
"We appeal to the whole of the
■proletariat against the criminal
policy of the rulers.
To our capitalist class we say
iflfith all the force of our conscience: "Do not count upon the workers and the peasants to serve your
policy oC baroniat brigandage. You
•yourselves taught them that the
past war wag to be the last war
"They will not go to war again'."
Europe Expects Trouble
to. Result from These
New York—The special correspondent of the Times of thla oity,
writing .from Paris, statea that (be
French government is becoming
apprehensive of the working class
demonstrations, planned for May 1
—the International Labor Day.
The French League of Communist Youth, the correspondent writes,
will probably Initiate aome formidable manifestations. He predicts
troublo with the police and adds
significantly that the .cavalry atand
ready to aid the police.
He then goes on to aay that Bel-
glum also expects large scale wor*
king class demonstrations on May
Day, and there follows this significant paragraph: "Belgium may,
perhaps, see agitation on a serious
scale. There are doubts aa to the
entire solidarity of the Belgian police, and It la a question whether
they or even the soldiers would be
willing to flght against the Labor
Moscow—Telegraph communication between Btagoveetjenskl, Siberia and China has been opened
up by the Russian government. The
connection la through the province
of Amur,
Windsor, Ont.—Shop employees
and clerks employed on the Canadian divisions of the Michigan
Central Railroad refuse to accept
a wage reduction.
Govt. Dare Not Molest
Revolutionary Labor
Paris—The working class movement In this country, having freed
itself from its old misleaders, is
forging rapidly ahead. So strong
Is popular support of the revolutionary leaders that tho French
government dare not molest the
spokesman of French Revolutionary Labor,
Ten Communists, among whom
were the famous Loriot and Souvc-
rain, were recently acquitted; and
now comes word that Amedee Du-
nola and Otto Ker, who were recently arrested, hnve been released. Dunols and Ker were charged
with being the chief aids of Ab-
ramovltch, who is known as the
"Eye of Moscow," and is said to be
the chief agent ln France of the
Third Interantional.
l~ • -. e-«..«.. i.. t-' t- ■*•<•"•"*"••- •-•*•'•• >•■■•.-
Concert Md Dance
Under the Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary of
theO.B. V.
Wednesday, April 20
Admission for Oents, 25c; Ladies Free
All Ladle* Aro Requested to llrlng CftkcA
Workers of the Antipodes
Prepare for Big "Daily"
Sydney, N. 8. W,—At a meeting
of Labor editors from all parts of
Australia, held here during tho
middle of February, plans wore
laid for the launching of a chain
of Labor daily newspapers around
Australia. All the present time
there are Labor dailies at Brisbane (Queei)Biand), Adelaide (S.
Australia), and Hobart (Tasmania.) The plan Ib to take these
Into the new scheme and launch
other dally newspapers in those
state capitals where none exist at
In this connection, It should be
mentioned that Labor Papors Ltd,
has already up-to-date buildings,
plant nnd machinery nt Sydney
valued In all nt around $1,000,000.
It was intended to launch a big
dally with an Initial circulation ol*
200,000 In Sydney at tho end of
1914, but the war interfered with
the plans. It Is now proposed to
use Labor Papers Ltd., at Sydnoy
aB the headquarters of the scheme,
with the daily newspapers In the
other Australian cities as subsidiary adjuncts.
Besides taking over the newspapers, and some of tho existing
weekly party organs, It Is proposed
to raise additional capital totalling
11,750,000 to place the dallies on a
flrm footing. Besides Inter-changing domestic nows, overseas cable
nnd mull services will bo arranged.
It Is expectod that a start on tho
new scheme will Ae mado towards
the end ol the present year.
Those Out of Work and
Working Part Time
Number 2,000,000
London — The unemployyment
returns issued by the ministry of
Labor, .hn\v that for tho week
ending April 2 there were 1,816,-
per-ons on thc live registers of
unemployment exchanges in the
United Kingdom, an increase of
-0,-23 compared with the previous
The figures are exclusive of
short-time claimants, who numbered 7-1,300 on March 26.
The ministry states that a considerable portion of the increase
of .0,-23 is due to the people who
had exhausted benefit, taking advantage of the new unemployment
insuranco act which came Into
force on March 3.
The total number of registered
unemployed in the United Kln«-
dom Is made up of 872,300 men,
334,900 women, 63,500 boys and
54,500 rjrls,
Sydney, N.S.W.—Tho New South
Wales labor government is distributing reliof to men, their wives
and children, who are displaced
from industry as thc result of
stirkes and  lockouts.
City Council and Mayor
Criticized by
Unemployed Show Their
Appreciation of
Tht warm weather laat Sunday
had lta effect an th* unemployed
parade, but did not In any way affect the attendance at the meeting
on Gambia atreet (rounds, th* in-
ual, if not larger, crowd being preaent. which waa somewhat augmented by a large number of plainclothes policemen, and at lent ou
of th* city alderman.
If the mayor and membera of th*
City Couhcll wished to know Juat
what tha workers of thla city
thought about them, th* meeting
certainly made lt plain enough that
the elty authorities do not atand
very high in tha. estimation of thoa*
who have watched the antics of th*
civic dignitaries.
Aa a reply to Mayor dale's talk
about the parades, th* meeting decided unanimously to hold another
parade on Sunday next, and Chairman Smith pointed out that ha only
wanted those who would attend tho
parade to vote on it, and after th*
vote waa taken, voiced the opinion
that the parade would be much
larger thon the only held that day.
It was proposed by one worker
that the O. W. V. A, be aaked to
send along their band for the next'
parade, but the motion was defeated after some had pointed out that
the O. TV. V. A. had refused to
Join the workers' council,
Reference was made by one of
the workerB to Mr. McIIveen and
the paper which he la supposed to'
publish in the near future, and he
auggested that he be given the platform In order to give the workera
his views. When called on to apeak
Mr. McIIveen, lf present, did not
A motion protesting against the
employment of Orientals on Canadian Merchant Ships waa defeated
after a brief discussion,
A motion calling for a deputation
to attend the City Council meeting
on Monday to protest againat the
proposed by-law for the regulating
of parades was adopted.
Support the Fed.
The Federatlonist waa next given
attention by the crowd and a motion to the effect that thoae present
would only patronise those' merchants who advertised In the Federatlonist was made, and passed,
and an appeal was made for thoa*
who were not already subscribers
to become regular readers of th*
(Continued on page •)
Housewarming to Be Held
Over Renewal of
* Lease
The Vancouver Women's Auxiliary of the One Big Union ls Biasing a big concert nnd dance to be
held In the General Workers' Unit
hall next Wodnesday evening, April
30. This nffair is being hold as a
celebration or "housewarming" on
account of the renewal of the lease
of the hall for anothor year. Some
of Vancouver's best proletarian
"art|Sta" will bo on hand to render
songs, recitations, musical selections nnd good cheer for the occasion. The concert will start
promptly at 8 o'clock and unless
.•ou are prompt you will miss the
best part of the programme.
At 9 o'clock the orchetsra will
start up and those who Indulge In
the light fantastic will have every
opportunity to forget, for a short
time, the trials and troubles in the
struggle for existence.
Ladles arc requested to bring
cakes to help make up a feed nnd
the gents will have to dig down for
two bits to gain admittance to the
entire evening amusement.
lie on hand at Pender Hall, 401
Pender Street West, at 8 sharp.
British  Rank  and  File
Movements Are Being
Welded Into One
London—An important forwnrd
movement has been made to coordinate the various Left movements with the British miners
Hitherto, the groups ln the mln-
ers unions of South Wales, tha
north of England and Scotland,
were all acting more or less Independently of each other, and had
no vital Inter-relation. All these
rank-and-Ille movements have now
been welded into one great body,
the National Miners committee,
which In turn has afflliated with
the Shop Steward movement. This
powerful hotly has n stcong programme, including drastic industrial demands, a vigorous campaign ngainst the officialdom ot
their own unions and affiliation
with the International Council of
Trade and Industrial Unions, better known as the Red Labor International.
In the opening statement of
their programme, the British miners say; "The object of this organization, Is tho establishment of
When there Ik a flght on the nun
who avis in nnd dig* is the one that
we like. Get in now and dig, hjr
patron ixlng The Federationist ud-
.«..*■*»•«•■'•■••»••■•«■••••»•"•"«»•»»»•" •-• ■■»..».-#.. •..•.-•
A Meeting
■ will bo held in
61 Oordova Street West
Tonight (Friday), April 15th
AT 8 P.M.
for tho purposo of winding up tlio affairs of tho committoe.
All membors are rrqiiestcd to attend,
.«..«. ........»..•..«„............•-........ -ft-... ................ .....-..-■ -——   *--■-»..*/*»   v- w«\j. uum   j.- xJjL/i_ivxix±Wi.1101     VANCOUVER, B. 0.
FRIDAY April  15,
There's no hesitation
when pain is removed
QUICK, certain diagnosis of yonr tooth troubles
has been made possible by the X-Ray. Now
comes a still new advancement—and end to pain—
the wonderful anaesthetic powers of "nerve-blocking." By "nerve-blocking" I can prevent any sense
of pain being transmitted to the brain. The blessing
of good dentistry is now no longer denied to him
or her who hesitates on account of fear,
"It Won't Hurt Because It Can't"
There Is no need to par
any more for this high
standard' of work. I operate my own laboratory and
thus keep prices at a minimum. Tou can easily pay
more—but you can get no
better work,
Oorner Seymonr
Offlce Open Tuesday and Friday
DB.  BHETT AMD. KSON,  formerly ransbar of tb• hnltr of tbo
Coll.no of D.ntiitrjr, UnlTetalty of 8o_lb.rn C.Ufornlo, Loetirer
on Crown ond Bridgework, Domonatrttor ln Plotawork snd Opera-
tire Dsntl-trr, Looal snd Oeneral AsaM. eale.
This is a reproduction of the official receipt
that is being issued by the B. C. Federationist,
Ltd., for the maintenance fund:
#5   Britiih Columbia Federationitf  $5
"7XH13 ii an acknowledgment that the Fearer hu con-
*■' tributed Ihe turn oi Five Dollan ($5.00) to aid in
wiping out the indebtedness of Iho B. C. Federatlonist;
iacieue its'field of operations; defend Labor in the every
day struggle ud to become a bigger and more powerful
Af-    Workeri' Newt aad Propaganda Paper    a_
for Twenty Years tie bare Israel this Onion stsmp for ua sudor oar
Fresh Out riowsn, Funeral Designs, Wediting Bonqnita, Pet Plants
Ornamental and Shads Trees, Seeds, Bulta, norlsts' Sm_dr_s»
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Bastings Street Eait 738 Oranvllle !
Sermour 088-672 Seymonr 9513
(Official Organ of tbe Winnipeg Central Labor Council)
Subscription rate $2.00 per year. Foreign, $2.60
Cheques, money orders and postal notes should be made pay*
able to the Winnipeg Central Labor Council.
Send remittances to "One Big Union Bulletin,"' Room 7 Strang
Block, HO Main Street, AVinnipeg, Man.
The Point of View
And the Unexpected
Peaceful OottocUn Bsrislnlu
Forbids Both Strikes sal Ledteats
DUpotea Same- by Arbltratlo.
ateadj Employment sal Skilled WorkmanSUi
Prompt DaltTerlea to Doslers and FiUle
Pesos sad Succaaa to WorSBra sad Employors
Prosperity of Sboe -[akinf Oonunnnltlai
As loyal unloa sua aad womoa, ws ssk
you to demsnd shoei basrlai tbo abets
Unloa Stamp oa Bole, laaolo ot Linlag.
Colli! Lotely, Oeneral Prealdest.    Obstlos L. Boino, Oeneral goo-Tloos.
The IVl.T.l Loggers' Boot
Mall orders poraonslly sttoalod to
Guaranteed to Hold Caulks and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS & SON
Next Door to Loggers' Hall
Pbone Seymour SSS Repairs Done While Tou Walt
10 Sub. Cards
Quod for one year's aufaicrlptlon to Tht
D, 0. Ffldentionlit, wilt bt nulled tt
sny iddreai In Ointdt for 933.60
(Oood anywhere ouUido of Vancouver
city.) Order ten today. Remit whan aold.
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone known that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
THB OUTLOOK la-condltlonod
by th. point of view, every
tint.;  that goes without say-
ins.   And yat—
Connaught bridge ls a mile long.
At!least, It la fully that whan you
happen to be standing at the wrong
end of lt at suppor-tlms, with no
car tn sight.
The street oar runs orer it about
once in half-an-hour; but ths "Bon
Dleu" has so ordained that the
pauolty of publlo conveyances Is
offset by tho plentltude of private
vehicles crossing It Incessantly all
day long Motor trucks, touring
cars, runabouts and autos of every
description keep up the procession
in either direction.
In those wonderful days, whsn
the world was crying aloud for the
ships sh. doesn't now know what
to do with, the shipyard employeos
oould bs seen any day at quitting
time, climbing on to the bridge and
piling themselves Int. passing delivery truoks to avoid hoofing lt
across the long bridge on their way
home; and the good-natured drivers used te take it as a matter of
course, and go alow while the boys
got aboard. That Is all over now,
but passing cars will still plok up
the casual wayfarer It he gives the
sign. That is te sAy, some will
and some won't.
The mr that earn, sailing d.*n
the hill, ott this occasion, was th.
kind of ear I like to ride In—genteel ln appearand* and gentle In
motion—and ao I gavs th. sign.
The driver, evidently th. owner,
Wag likewise genteel ln appearance
and gentle In motion; apparently
not short of tho comforts and refinements of life, and so not ill-
disposed towards th. world
As we sped along we naturally
exchanged remarks on thlnga In
general; and. as he left lt to me to
ohooss the topics, I naturally chose
the obvious am) esohewed th. controversial. Tou see, you can't very
woll fight a battle rojW with a
man who Is giving you a free ride
in his owh oar. At least, I cant;
and se as I reniarked, I those the
obvious ai matter ef conversation.
The. moat obvious thing, as yeu
oome over Connaught bridge la
lumber. There lt Is, piled up itaek
aftsr stack and covering aores of
ground along ths water front A
few daya previously, s lumber man
had told me that It would eventually come down to its pre-war price
of about 114 a thousand; and I now
mentioned this to my companion at
the wheel.
"Well, lt shouldn't," he said,
quietly but firmly; "beeause wages
shouldn't be brought down te make
tt that priee."
This was so nnexpested that I
eould only make A lams sort af rejoinder that, of oourse, wages and
prices went pretty muoh togeUicH-
My companion, howeter, pursue)!
the subjeet and Insisted- that, even
with war-time wagos aad a. Mill In
prices, the working man still ww.'t
getting a cent mors than was coming to him. And as he set me down
at Cambie Street grounds and proceeded on his way. ever ths viaduil,
his quietly Insistent vole; ue.imcd
to re-echo and t.-Iterate: "Lobor
Isn't getting more than Is coming
to It—not by auy means." And
from th. way tie said It, It se .me.
c.s If he would have r.quired tint
Uttlu provocation to go further stHL
Oh, yes; the point of view determines the outlook; all right; but
lt ia sometimes a. trifle difficult to
soe the connect!, n.
As it to emphasise .the incident
by force of contrast, a oount.r-ex-
perlenoe came my way a day or two
later. Sunday being nice anil ,iun-
ny, 1 strolled, with a oouple of
other fellows, to o big fish cannery
a few miles out of town. It was
shut up, and a native gave nut that
visitors were not allowed to enter.
However, we wandered round ths
ramshackle buildings, with their
wharves, net-racks, side-walks, etc,
all ln an advanced stage of delapl-
tatlon; and through the windows
we could see the machinery standing idle as lt had boon doing for
many a day. The outfit seemed
practically abandoned, and likely to
dilapidate some more.
As we turned away we were accosted by a grey elderly man, rather slight in make and smirking
ln manner; carefully dressed In
"go-to-meeting" olothes, with collar and tie and hard-boiled hat and
a smile suggestive of a Sunday
school teacher or superintendent
He was evidently eonneoted with
the establishment and entitled to
come and see what we three hoboes
were after.
We opened conversation with enquiries as to the chances of tho
cannery running this summer; as
to which he was dubious, "I've got
110,000 worth of stock here now
that I can't got rid of," he said;
referring, apparently, to a hundred
thousand tins or so of canned flsh
stowed away out of sight. We had
already seen a pile of whole sal
mon In an out-house, stacked like
cord-wood, with layers of course
salt between to keep them "fresh."
They looked something Ilk. Egyptian mummies, minus the wrappings.
I had no difficulty In believing
what he said, as an acquaintance
of mine, Just going north to resume
his time-keeper's Job ln another
cannery, had told me a similar
story. Ho expected a short season,
he said, as "they oan't sell the
stock on hand, and so they are not
going to can many."
Well, to resume. The old gent
went on to tell us that a number of
parties had been wanting to lease
this particular cannery; but thsy
couldn't come across with tho money, and so there was nothing doing. "And you can't get anything
from the banks," he continued;
"the banks won't advance a cent
on any fishing Industry this year."
He finished by saying, sadly, that
he thought there was going to be
a great upheaval.
"What sort of an upheaval do
you mean?" I asked.
"A great social upheaval," ho
"Well, and what'B the cause?" I
asked again. "Is lt because ths
banks are holding everything up, or
"The world's all upset with unrest," he replied; "the working people are vory discontented."
I pressed him further as to the
kind of upheaval he expected; wns
It going to be of the rough-house
kind, for Instance?
"If It Is, it'll be the working people that bring it on thomselves,"
he said, "and you know tkey alwaya get the worst ot It"-   ___-. ■_.
"It seems so," I admitted; and.
he continued: '
"During the war they've got into
the habit ot resolving exorbitant
wages—wagss whloh they couldn't
possible earn—and now they're
kicking against taking less." Te
avoid any appearance of hostility,
however, ke added that he Was a
"working man" himself, though h.
didn't speolfy what kind. .-,
At this point, I becamo very undiplomatic and asked him hew it
was that, If the workers couldn't
possibly earn the exorbitant wages
they had been receiving, exorbitant dividends had been paid In addition. He admitted the fact but
couldn't solve the pu axle.
However, on the matter of this
sooial upheaval, he said, "We all
know what a, mess It has mad. of
things In Russia"—from the newspapers, of course; aai I again undiplomatically Interrupted him to
assert that the Pfopl* knew who
controlled the newspspara and did.
not believe their stories, knowing
them to be damned Ilea.
Re waa still foreboartng enough
to agree that our loeal papers were
not to bt believed; and. for thnt
reason he hardly ever read thtm.
But th. "first-class"/ papers, like
the London "Timet," eta, wouldn't
monkey with th. truth, h. was
quits sure.
Again I tactlessly mentioned
Thomas' reoent exposure ot the
government's murderous mtthodt
In Ireland, whloh the "first class"
papers had suppressed. Oh, nol
ther hadn't. He had read all about
It ha deolared.
"Perhaps you read it tn a labor
paper?" I suggested. He promptly
assured me that he never read any
labor papsr, anl I believed him.
He recollected, however, that It waa
ln "Lloyd's Weekly News" that he
read .the stery,
"Well, now, what was lt you
road?" I asked htm. "Let's tee If
It was the tame atory."       ...-■-,-,
Oh, yes; lt was thai same ttory,
he Insisted. AU about the curfew
bell and a young man being shot,
and a priest and so on—a story
several months old.
I tried again, prompting him by
mentioning Mallow and asking him
It he had read ot an old man of
70 being pushed down the stairs
of a signal box. Oh, yer, lie. remembered all about It; but he
couldn't remember a single detail
until 1 mentioned lt first,, If I had
been a little more nlmble-witted,
I might have Invented a few more
.fanciful details "out of my own
headi" he would assuredly- hav.
said at once ho had read thom,.
rather thaa admit hla "flrst class"
newspapers didn't publish 0.''. he-
truth - the - whole - truth - and -
liothlng - but - the - truth - *o.w<_lp-
me-BOb." .,„)£
His Christian smile, however;,
seemed to be losing somo et. Its
saccharine sweetness and takljag on
a slightly acid flavor, -He to]4 me.
he had been ln Ireland.'—"si a.soldier"—before I was born,.. an4,- he-
knew alt about military, matters- .I
told him I had been,In Ireland
since he was born, but wasn't Interested ln military matters. That
evidently hurt his feelings, showing that I wat tactless and undiplomatic again.
I gently hinted that he was not
aware of the ohange of fegllng
whloh had come over the returned
men In regard to "military matters"
and the Uke. "Oh, these returned
men weren't soldiers! < They did
magnificent things and all that," he
said, tolerantly, "but you wouldn't
call them soldiers."
"Thts boy," I said, referring to
one of my companions, "was overseas. He was blown up two or three
timet, and had Lord-knqws-what-
else happen to him. I'd say ho was
more of a soldier than a man who
parades about London In a red coat
and keeps his buttons bright."
Whloh, of course, hurt the old
chap's feelings some, more, but on
the whole I had let" him do by fkr
the most of the talking. He had
now reached the stage where a
man loses his tempor through feeling he has lost his case—the stage
where he .begins to call this other
fellow names. He knew what I was
from the first, he sold; I was a
"Son of Ishmael;" my hand was
against evory man. !    „
I assured him, on the contrary,
that my hand was with the great
mass of my fellows.
"Whatever kind of a government
there Is," he went 01C "you're
against it."
This was, of course,' a considerable modification, and I didn't
trouble to deny- the Impeachment
at thus assembled.
At he turned away, he added that
I would be also "against the Bible." In return, I threw at him the
bishops and other churchmen In
England, forming an organisation
to prevent people having all things
ln common; whereas the Bible
shows that the early Christians actually did have all things ln oommon," I told him.
'The Bible shows that?" he queried.
"Sure; lend me your Bible and-
I'll show lt to you ln a minute,'.'..*
assured him. f >t
"You mean the New Testament!:!
he asked; and then he actually
started quibbling that the N,iT.
wasn't part of the Bible.      ■ nt.m.
Of course lt was all very futile,
and Idiotic. Anyway, what has It
to do with my subjeot of the point
of view and the unexpected? |
The reader will have gathered,,
ot course, that my Intervloweri.was
heavUy Interested In this cann#ry;>
was, In fatjf, one of lte principal
proprietors. Well he wasn't; h.was
the watchman.
The Evolution of Man
How Christianity Became the Agent
of Imperialism and the "Opium
oi the People"
Whon there ls a flght on the man
who gets In and digs ts tho one that
we like, Oet in now and dig, by
patronizing The Federationist'advertisers! ' •
-Stockholm.—Reports trom Moscow say that the municipal So
viet elections in Tula resulted ln
a big victory for the Communist
party. The new. Soviet Rostof, is
made up of 557 Communists, 161
Non-Partisans and 24 Menshoviki.
The voting for the Rostof Soviet
was participated ln by 80,000 sol
diers, 2000 soldiers' wives, 14,000
peasants and 94,1)00 workors and
ofllce employees. _ '
-Patronise Fed Advertisers
Thts was the subjeet lut Monday, and the speaker showed olear-
4ly that there ls no phase of the
olass struggle whioh points more
unmistakably te the destruction
of a Labor movement by traitors
within, than ln the perversion of
Communistic Christianity , into
what has been for ovor fifteen centuries, "the opium of the people."
As the spsaker showsd, this
Christian movement ot the flrat
century was doomed to fall.
It- meant Industrial and historical reaction, a move toward a more
primitive form of production.
Besides that the early ohurch
preaehed non-resistance, and depended on a Messiah to lead them
Into the kingdom of peace and
plenty, and on Jehovah destroying
their enemy, when at the Judgment, the goats were to be separated from the sheep and would be
"cast Into everlasting flre prepared
for the devil and his angels."
They believed this great event
was to take place very soon, "like
a thief ln the night" The message
was: "Behold, I come quickly!
This generation shall not pass away
until this shall ba filled!"
Thlt promise of speedy reward
for all the faithful, whether dead
or alive, ln aplte of fierce persecutions, was ont of the reasons why
this Christian movement grew so
So tha stool ptgeont, the priest,
and rulers of law and order decided that the only way to gain
possession ot this cult waa te bor.
from within.
Paul tbo Judas of Communal
Th. high Idealism of the early
Christians had attracted many elements, who were Ignorant of, or
opposed to the principles of Communism.
Among the most energetlo persecutors, was Saul of Tarsus, and he
haft discovered that opposition, and
persecution but fanned the flame
of revolt against oppression of the
master olass. Tht report that this
kingdom of sooial Justice and brotherhood "was at hand," brought
tens of thousands to the causo.
Thousands had been crucified;
thousands - had been fed to wild
beasts or burned as torches to
amuse the free citizens of Rome at
their great celebrations, but persecution failed.
Now Saul on his way to Damascus, had an Inspiration, ahd had
soon "a great light" This had convinced him that his tactics were
Unless the Workers of the
World Abolish Class
England, with that characteristic foresight of hers, made sure
that the prizes of war would fall
into her lap, that ts why she sent
her-troops into Mesopotamia. Prior
to the war, during 1907, she wont
Into Persia, and with the assistance
of the late Csar of Russia, succeeded ln capturing the oil concessions of that country. Realizing
that Russia also possessed vast oi.
resources, she quickly reversed het
former polloy and commenced
trade with the Soviets. Bnglanc
now holds command of the world't
oil supply, and with its possession.
she ls In a position to dictate terms
to the rest of the nations of the
nations of the world, wbo find
themselves without oil.
The United States capitalists are
not going to buy their oil from the
British oil merchants. They realise that lf they do, they will be
handicapped, and s0 there Is going
to be waged a commercial struggle
for.possession of oil. If control ol
the world's oil cannot be procured
by peaceful means, then lt will be
procured by a resort to force, and
that means war. The struggle foi
oil is a llfe-and-death struggle, Ii
cannot be settled by the constant
reiteration of mere phrases am
the passage of resolutions. It can
not be solved by calling huge disarmament demonstrations. It can
only be solved in a peaceful manner, when economic rivalries art
eliminated and social peace instituted. You can only attain social
peace when you abolish class-rule.
It is, therefore, our duty to educate
ourselves to that point where we
can assume power and abolish the
present system. There fs no other
way out of the present international quarrel. In the meantime, follow the present controversy over
oil. As you follow lt, prepare
yourselves, so that you will not be
mixed up tn the sordid scrambles
of your masters.—Butte Dally Bulletin.
wrong. Rome needed a new religion badly, and as a loyal eltlzen
of Rome, his duty waa to mould
thla Christian religion, and make
It into the moral and spiritual
superstructure ot his empire,
which waa in need ot these things.
He had not known the Nazarine
personally, and was too aristocratic and educated for the proletarian disciples and the unwashed
mob who had heard "Jesus' message of liberation gladly."
Rev. Bouk White, ln his "Call of
the Carpenter," says, "The annexing process was started by a Roman citlsen named Saul; formerly
a Jew, he deserted his nationality,
and with lt bis former name, and
now called himself Paul He waa
undeniably ulncere. ke bellevtid
that in re-interpretlnf ths Christian faith so as to make It acceptable to the Romans, he was doing
tbat faith a service. His make-up
was Imperial rather than democratic, and he was unfit to enter ths
movement of tbe Galilean.
Jesus had been arrested and crucified, and this arrest had directly
come out of his visit to Jerusalem,
at the feast of the Passover, commemorating that supposed event,
when Jehovah had slain tha "firstborn of ths Egyptians," and ths
angel of death had "passed ovor"
ths houses of the Hebrews,
Over ths cross, Pilot ths governor under Caesar had written,
"Jesus of Nazareth, tho King of ths
Jews," thus demonstrating again
tho fate whloh would oome to all
wbo rebelled against Rome.
Ernest Unterman, In hli
"World's Revolution," says: "In
tha beginning of the fourth century, ths Roman Empire was on
the verge of collapse; slave labor
had become so unprofitable that
their owners had been glad to get
rid of their slaves. The empire
had been disrupted by feuds and
by Invasions. Without the support
of the lading Christians, the empire could not endure long. Emperor Constanttne realized this ln
812. With great skill he availed
himself ot the seisms between ths
Christians to win the wealthy and
influential priests to his side.
He, too, saw a great light, as
Paul had. It was shaped like a
cross, and meant that Christianity
was to. be. the state religion of
Rome and the Christian, judases,
as usual, were rewarded just as
Labor traitors are rewarded today
In Vancouver and elsewhere. So
at the council f>t nice, Christianity, It was officially made the state
religion, and. the mistress of Roman Imperialism, and this church
has remained so Until this day.
Unterman says: "The entire purpose and meaning of the Christian
organisation and message was re-'
"Prom a revolutionary movement, it was turnod Into a pillar
of wealth and exploitation. The
revolutionary proletariat saw itself
robbed of the results of hundreds
of years of effort and suffering.
Its organization fell to pieces at
the vory moment when Its enemy
was weakest, and when lt might
have changed the history of the
"But the modern proletariat remembers the cross of Gotgatha."
Nsxt week the subject will be:
"The Bourgeoisie Revolutions."
Here is a
Wonderful Dress
WHETHER you seek a style, value lo material or wear, or preference as to the prio*
•—here Is a selection of spring and summer
dresses which we hare priced specially for thii
week. When you see the dresses that are offered
in this special display you will say, aa everyone
else does, "Here is a wonderful dress."
Near GranvUle
The United States Treasury Department
Refuses to Accept "Bolshevist Gold"
Hore than TEN MILLION people of Soviet Bussia and
Soviet Ukraine must suffer, and thousands mutt die, due
to their refusal to sell medicaments to the Soviet Got*
Can you contribute $10,000.00 per month towards medical relief for the Soviet Republic t
Fledge $1.00 per month immediately and do your "bit"
Tear thl* out and mall to the Secretary.
Becrotary, Medical Relief Committee
for Soviet Ituaala and Soviet Ukraine.
Box . S11, Station B. Wlnnipog, Man.
Fellow Workert
Realiiing the urgent necessity of sanding madloal supplt**
to our stricken comrades of Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine,
I pledge to contribute ONE DOLLAR per month toward* purchase and shipment of auoh supplies by your commit!**.
Fraternally your*,
NAMS i —.
Some merchants In town do not
think your oustom 1* mnch use to
them, or they would advertise their
wares in The Fedorationist to secure your trade. Remember thl*
when you are about to make a purchase.
Moscow.—The commissariat for
Justice in Klrglsla has Issued a
decree by which the former polygamy Is abolished, In the future
only civil marriages will be treated aa valid. By thl* law th*
women of this country gain their
full  Independence,
Sydney, N. S. W. — The New
South Wales labor government haa
for It* declared polloy preference
to mombers of trade union* In all
government workshops. Th* government also allow* the posting ef
all union notloea and distribution
of union literature In the workshops, as woll a* the right of entry
to union oniclaIs to addrea th*
worker* and ooUeet union due*.
Old Grouch saya: "On the straet
oar I heard a newsboy shout 'last
edition' ot one of otir wonderful
newspapers. He'* wrong. There'a
no such luokl"
Capitalised  Tragedy by  Fostering
Few of Radicalism In Order
to Extend Spy System
New York.—Within the space of
a few hours after lt was announced
that the New York City Board of
Estimate would aek that the city
increase from 110,000 to $60,000
the reward for the oapture of those
responsible for thl Wall Street explosion, September 16,' agent* of
the Department of Justice here
"admitted" that they are about to
solve tho mystery.
Meantime the effort to fasten the
blame upon "anarchists" or radicals continues, while no opportunity 1* being overlooked to capitalise the tragedy by fostering fear
of "radicalism" and getting huge
appropriations to continue and extend the spy systems, whloh furnish
easy Job* to an ever-increasing
number of persons.
1 pel
Wlillo May Bay has been sot as
the closing date for tho raising of
15,000 for Ui$, Foderationist; It
. tumid be untleretbod thit we need
lt NOO>       " " ™" '"	
When You Need--
• can supply all yout Printing
needi. No Job too large oi
too small. First-class workmanship, gbod ink and high-
grade stock have given our
Printers a reputation (or
Union Work a Specialty.
Our Prices are right and we
deliver when wanted.
Mail Others Promptly Executed
Oor. Homer and Pender Streets, Vaneonver, B. 0; FRIDAY..'...:!.... ........April 16, im
thirteenth year. no. i«   'l~- BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  Vancouver, bc.
Lumber Camp and Agricultural Worked* Department of the One Big Union
A Few Comments By the
Coast District Secretary
THE state of the labor market
as it concerns the lumber
worker ls beginning to ahow a
Uttle Improvement, the Improvement is small but it can be seen by
looking through a magnifying glass,'
A few of our unemployed members
have been fortunate (?) during the
past week in obtaining the loan of
_ Job through- a few more camps
starting up.
. Many of the camps operating
have got no delegate and all camps
are being communicated with aa
rapidly as possible with a view to
having the members hold meetings
to elect camp delegates. A refreshing sign Is the communications received from some of the camps
•Iking for literature, while other's
are contemplating building up camp
libraries; all of which shows a
Marching after knowledge. Of
course some people would use the
term education in place of knowledge, but to an Individual who has
only even made a superficial study
«f working class philosophy the
-terms are not synonymous. To such
a one the word "education" meant
a means of acquiring knowledge-
To be sure the person who has got
the rudiments ot education in the
ahape of the three R's Is seriously
handicapped ln the search for
knowledge, yet ln many cases such
an Individual has the advantage
over another who has been blessed
or cursed—more often the latter—
wtth a university education; the latter being in innumerable oases a
very advanced type of a super-educated idiot.
Now, it ls a well-known faet that
the greatest weapon in the hands
Of the master-class is fne economic
Ignorance of the workers, and the
instruments used by the masters
are the unholy trinity of the school,
the press affid the pulpit, hence the
reason for the super-educated becoming the educated Jack-ass often
found disfiguring the pages of the
capitalist press, uttering meaning-
less platitudes in the pulpit and
mis-educating our children In the
publlo schpols. To counteract these
pernicious Influences Is the function
of progressive working class organisations and the progress of this
work is measured by the amount
of squealing put up by the aforementioned hirelings of the ruling
class. If this basis of measurement
ts accepted, then the principle
mouthpiece of our masters, t.e., the
capitalist press, is telling us dally
that the workers are speedily acquiring that knowledge that is dangerouB to the masters, •»
< The "World," of April 8, states
editorially, ln reference to the Miners strike in the Old Land, "that
a people that, has met crisis after
crisis with the same proud fortitude through a history ot a thousand years, -whioh haa triumphed
over the most formidable confederation of external enemies, wilt
not now be humbled and defeated
by insurgents within Its gates."
Some mouthful, believe us; If the
amall amount of knoweldge possessed by the workers oan cause
■uoh brainstorms as that, what will
happen when the workers have had
another year of study,
Franolsco Ferrar, the Spanish
educationalist, who was executed a
few years ago, ostensibly for mak'
Ing an attempt upon the life of
Xing Alfonso, but really for daring
to found schools for the propagation of knowledge, once said that
"there are three ways to educate
the workers: (1) By delivering
leotures; (2) by providing them
With books, and (3) by placing the
heel upon their necks and
crushing them. The L. W. I. U. ls
adopting the flrst two methods,
they hold propaganda- meetings
during the week at which speakers
deliver leotures on economics, the
Claas struggle and kindred subjects,
and they also attempt to keep the
members in camp supplied with
literature; as far as the third method is concerned they leave that
to the boss and the Vancouver city's
took pile. This third method is
dangerous, unless it Ib accompanied
by the flrst two, but as long as the
workers are well grounded in a
knowledge of their slave position,
the crushing process will never injure them, but will rather make
them more determined to flght
baok. A sign of this crushing process is given In the "Vancouver
■as" of April 10, in these words:
"The camp operators are now talking about another 26 per cent, cut."
On another page ot the "Sun" Is
an artlole that should make the
lumber-Jack contented to take more
than a 26 per cent, cut, thts article
Is headed:
"Lumber man to build palatial
home here at oost of $180,000."
The article goes on to show that
Mr. Phillip Brooks will have the
finest and most artistic home in
Oanada, contractors are busy laying out lawns, flower beds, etc.
From hts piazza (what's a piazza,
anyway? Is lt anything like a top
hunk?), Mr. Brooks will be able
to view Point Grey's sunny slope,
the fertile farm lands of Richmond
and the Delta, and away In the distance the mountains of Vancouver
Iiland; he'll have splendid views of
Bowen Island, Horseshoe Bay, and
loti of other places. Probably with
the aid of smoked glasses he may
■ee his future home from such a
point of vantage.
From the eame newspaper during
the same few days there are pictures of the other side of the story.
A letter from a returned soldier's
wife complaining about being enticed to Canada with promises of
milk and honey, and Imagined that
they could make their pile. Her
husband has started to make tils
pile, on the rook pile, he broke one
yard of rock at $2.10 on his flrst
day; broke most of his skin with
chlpptngs and was out 12 cents carfare.   Total wage, $1.98.
She further states In part, "he
has done his bit, is Industrious, sober, and honest, and so far has been
Unable to get anything but pick and
■hovel work."
Another one from an Imperial
Tank Corps boy, who was wounded
and spent four years ln France, his
reward was $2,00 per month pension.
The next upon the scene who
signs his name Legore Cudmore.
He says, "I agree with the Late
Cardinal Gibbons that deep down
in the heart of the worker (with
a few exceptions) he thinks he Is
fairly treated. We Canadians will
not tolerate Bolshevism, or any
kindred 'isms, and I for one am
prepared to pay the final price to
prevent them,"
Holy Moses! Who let him out?
Does he think that the hundreds of
thousands of unemployed in this
world think that they .are fairly
treated? Does he think that his(?)
country Is being flooded with
Mounted Police because the workers think they are fairly treated?
And does he think that the Lumber Workers are asking the government to enforce the rudimentary
health regulations In many of the
camps because they are fairly treated?
Why Is there so mueh unrest In
this world lf the great majority are
so well treated?
This letter was written from New
Westminster, so perhaps that is sufficient excuse! nufC sed! The reason
for so much unrest Is the ever-
weening gulf between the "house
of have" and the "house of have
not," caused by the divorce of the
oommon people from the means of
production and the natural wealth.
A picture ln the "Sun" shows graphically where the workers get off,
it shows how the standing timber
Is shared in the IT. S. Private corporations own four-fifths, half of
which is held by 260 owners, the
dear public ownes the rest, the
workers share Is Infinitesimal, beoause he, apparently is not a part
of the public, as evidenced by
statements tn the press at time of
Industrial strife about the dear
"public being made to suffer by the
struggle between capital and labor." In the pictures Just painted,
the fact is vividly demonstrated
that the affluence lf the tew is the
natural corollary of the poverty of
the many.
On the one hand the masters are
building mansions—or to be more
exact are hiring slaves to build,
them—and on the other hand the
men who are producing the profits
from which such mansions are built
are forced to petition the government and sometimes to strike in
order to obtain enforcement of simple health regulations. Some time
ago the same newspaper that published such a glowing description
of the mansion referred to, published a sarcastic article on the moderate request of the Lumber Workers for decent living oondlttons.
They thought the logger was crasy
because he wanted up-to-date bathing facilities, decent bed olothing,
habitable living , quarters and
wholesome food.
They even went so far as to say
that "the logger wanted the camp
made as up-to-date as a eountry
club," and yet ln spite of these demands a letter appeared In the
same newspaper on the occasion of
Billy Pritchard's welcome home, referring to the unwashed appearance
of the men who paraded. Large
numbers of these men were loggers.
The fact Is apparent that the
ruling class ls drunk with pow/r
and while their mouthpieces Indulge In fullsome flattery ln describing their master's mansions,
they take as a matter-of-fact
the deplorable conditions under
which the slaves of the system live, and those who would
bring about a system under whtch
the glaring Inequalities between
rich and poor will be eliminated
are termed Bolsheviks, Reds, Free-
lovers, home-destroyers and sundry pet names, and lf to be any
or all of these things means to destroy the home as It exists under
capitalism with Its vulgar display
ut one pole and ItB penury on the
other, then It is indeed an honor
to be termed a home-destroyer.
Camp Reports
Kamloops District of the L.W.I.U.
A letter to the rank and file of
this district:
Fellow Workers—While In Kamloops a week or ao ago I was approached by certain members If
the rank and file as to the necessity for auditing the secretary's
books. Some ot them Insinuated
that all was not as it should be ln
regard to the distribution ot the
money received by our secretaries,
both post and present. In fact, lt
was suggested tbat some of the
money collected in this district was
sent acroBS the line to support an
other organization over there. It
was proposed that the executive
board appoint an auditing committee to audit the books.
Now, Fellow Workers, It seems
to me that if there is dissatisfaction with the way the books are
kept that an auditing committee
appointed by the executive would
be doubted as well as the secretaries, so if there is a general audit
of the books required the proper
thing to do ls to hire an accountant, which would cost from $25.00
to $60 per day. So far ae I can see
there is no need for an audit. When
the present secretaries took over
the books I am sure he would make
It his business to see that everything was square and above board.
If there waB any doubt in his mind
that there was the slightest error
In them he would not have taken
charge of them, I have visited the
L. W. I. U. Hall quite regularly for
a year or more, and I must say
that every time I went there both
Fellow Workers Peterson and Kll-
ner were always at work during
working, hours, and quite often long
after, and lf each and every one ot
ub worked as hard for the organisation as they have, the organisation would be materially benefitted,
both financially and otherwise, Now
Fellow Workers, we elected these
men to the positions which they
held and now hold, so let's get behind them and assist them. Let's
throw away our hammers and quit
knocking. If there is a suspicion
In the mind of anyone that there
Is anything wrong ln the way that
the office Ib conducted then put
your facts ln writing and send them
to the executive board. They will
certainly take the matter up and
investigate lt. Nothing was ever
gained by Insinuations or innuendo.
Come out flat-footed and do not try
to get someone else to pull your
chestnuts out of the flre.
Member District Executive Board.
As district secretary I haven't
much to say about this matter, only
that the books are always here for
any responsible party to look over.
The part that sticks ln my throat
ls there Is such a scissorbill. carrying a card who la afraid that we
might be helping somo of our fellow-workers across tho line. No,
Mr, Conscious Worker, I am pure
so fat' as that Ib concerned.- I am
sorry to say that the only money
we have sent across the line wbb
to pay for literature that waa aaked
for, and received, by the members
of this district. It's too bad to take
up so much space with a thing of
this sort, but as It was put up to a
district executive member we have
to go through with it.
A letter from the organizer re
the Adams River Lbr. Co., at Chase,
B. C, and the conditions of labor
at that place. "-
Fellow Workers—There are a
great many men Idle at present In
Chase, owing to the large amount
of Oriental labor being employed
by the company. Some time ago a
former employee of the company
applied for work and was told to
appear at the mill In the morning,
and lf one of their Japs did not
show up the boss thought he might
be able to place him at something.
There have been.some of the company's loyal slaves who have been
induced to. go Jlppolng. When they
were.through with the Jlppo job
the company even weighed, the
teams that the men had hired, and
charged them a certain amount per
pound for horse-flesh or weight
that the team had lost while on the
Jlppo Job.
What Is the matter with the returned men since the strike of
1919-20, when the manager of the
Adams River Lbr. Co., at a banquet given tn their honor, addressed tbat noted body of men who had
gone overseas and fought for Democracy (a word Is very much out
of place at this day and date under
the present system). The manager
told the returned men at their banquet that he wanted to make a
white man's town out of Chase. But
what do we see? More Japs working every day and' the ' returned
men and citlsens of Chase out of
employment. What few white men
are working are compelled to accept Just a small part of their
monthly pay, and the balance the
company uses to make more profits: They are also compelled to
trade at the company Btore. It
seems to me that lf the people of
Chase, B. C, as well as in the rest
of Canada, want to continue to live
that they will soon have to realise
that the only way they will be able
to cope with the master elass Is to
line up with the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union, and stand shoulder to shoulder and fight for in
dustrial freedom. By standing sol
Idly together is the only way they
will be able to emancipate them
selves. Come on, fellow workers
of all Canada, and organise in an
Industrial union, whereby you will
gain power to compel the master
class to raise your standard ot living and force the eight-hour work'
Ing day. Where there is solidarity there is strength.
A letter from the organizer re
Fellow Workers—I have made all
the camps ln the northern and eastern parts of this district with the
exception of a few of the smaller
ones. All through my travels I have
noticed a slackness in buying the
organisation and literature stamps;
but I notice that buying Scotch
whiskey at $8 to $10 per bottle
seems to be a pleasure to the average working stiff. It seems that
the slave In town tries to go broke
as quickly as possible In order to
prey on his fellow workers for a
few dollars to live on until he picks
up another one of the elusive jobs,
or some place where lie can exchange his labor power for a meal-
ticket and what misery goes with
the Job that Mr. Capitalist has for
sale. Now ls It not time that we
should begin to realize that an organization of the workers must be
supported by the workerB. Put
Bome of your dollars into stamps
and dues, and don't wait for the
boss to pay your dues and buy your
Now that the Lumber Workers
have decided by the referendum
ballot to withdraw from the O, B.
U. and stay by the industrial form
of organization, let ua all put our
shoulder to the wheel and push the
organization up to 100 per cent, of
class conscious workers who will
force the masters to better the conditions of labor, raise our standard
of living and adopt the eight-hour
You all know of the check-off
system In the A. F, of L. in collecting dues. It Is no wonder that they
have a paid-up membership. If
there had boen something like that
in our line I would have been able
to collect twice aa much money as
I did on my tripa. I wtll again
mention the fact that I waa in some
camps that were organized 60 to 76
per cent, and they could have forced the boss to Issue checks to cover
the full amount that I ahould have
collected, I met lots of men who
were behind In their dues, who had
plenty of money coming from the
boss but could not get it when they
asked for lt, even though the law
calls for a pay day twice a month.
Let's try to get the Bpirit of solidarity that will enable us to get
these demands. Let's get to work
on the Job. Don't fear tho boss. If
you want credentials send In for
them to diatrict headquarters, Box
812, Kamloops. Don't be afraid to
take out credentials and boost for
the organization. I have tried to
get delegatea In all the camps, but
the answer I got was, "Well, we
don't need delegates with an organizer on the road." But I aay you
do. Keep in touch with the district
secretary so that he will pet the
news for the weekly bulletin, Tha
moat csaentlal tiling ut piescnt'is
the distribution of litoraturo. (.'all
a meeting In your camp, Inspect
cards and then sell stamps to put
the new worker on Its feet. Here
Is hoping that my next trip will
;   —Drawn br Ward Ssvftge for tho Federated Prest snd ths New Majority.
The employing class of this continent has been urging "Back to Normalcy" as a remedy for unrest and extravagancy on the part of the workers, and the above gives a picture of the aid given by
the exploiters, j;   ■ ..-.       ■   ■" '
prove a boom for organization In
the district
ORGANIZER 8671.   '
I would like to add! a few words
to the advise given by the organizer In regard to camp meetings;
Have more open discussion, not.
only about the organization as it
pertains to your particular camp
and dlstriot, but as to Its position
In the labor problem the world
over. Learn why and how the laboring class came to be as it ls today. The many, the slaves ot a
few. Learn how lt is that the atrug-
gle must go on as long as the present system lasts. Education Is the
only thing that will bring us out of
the. misery we are in as a class, and'
little study combined with dls-.
eusBlon of the points we do not understand is the shortest way to education. The struggle for shorter
days and better conditions Is only
a struggle for a mere existence under the present system. However;
lt Is a necessary part of the struggle for a better system, for a body
of men working short days and under decent living conditions will
have more leisure and Inclination
to study the whys and hows of
wage slavery and men who are
worked to the point of exhaustion!
and then come Into a filthy bunkhouse and sleep like cattle oh a
little moldy hay that cannot be
used for any other purpose. Do you
realize, Fellow Workera, that the
workers the world over are at the
breaking point?—that the present
system has reached the height of
IU power and that from now its
course is down? What would happen if It collapsed today? Are you
ready an.d prepared to take your
part, however small, in the building up of a new society, or would
your thoughts still be on the
chances of getting another drink?
Think It over and talk lt over. You
have got to realize that organization means work, not only for officials, but for everyone who wants
to see the organization advance. It
means study, and a knowledge ot
the particular Industry you are
working in, both as to production
and distribution. It means getting
Into the collar and pushing organization work, for organisation of
the workers In the end meana the
abolishing of the present system. If
this happens at a time when the
greater part of the workera are not
prepared to take their part in the
work of reconstruction it will result
ln such chaos and ruin aa the world
has never yet seen. Remember this
—Lack of education In the capital-
1st schools when you were young
does not prevent anyone from
learning of, and understanding the
class struggle. Life itsolf will teach
you the flrst principles of that if
you will take the trouble to learn,
That brings us back to the same
old question again. Your brain
must be clear and free from tjie
fumes of whiskey if you are going
to get any use of lt. It took a sober
Russia to make the first big step
towards the emancipation of the
workers. The czar signed his own
death warrant when he abolished
the vodka. Some of us flay we drink
in order to forget our troubles. Forgetting our troubles will nevor cure
them, The only cure is good herd
work and solidarity. Are you doing
your part?
Regarding literature — There'Is
on hand at present a bigger variety
of paper, pamphlets, etc., than this
district has ever had before. The
bundles sent to the camps are. as
good as the district can welt afford to make them at present. In
addition to the literature sent In
the weekly bundles there is quite
a lot of other good reading whloh
is for sale at the office. I have advertised this tn other weekly bulletins and have aold quite a lot of It
to members In town, but so far I
have had very Uttle call for It from
camps. The organizer took some
with him on his last trip and reports that there are some critics
who think that this should all be
furnished free. Well, when the Adams River or the Northern Construction company donate us a few
thousand dollars It will be. Until
then a dollar le only a dollar and
will buy ony about fifty cents worth,
especially when you have to pay
exchange on literature from across
the line. When you buy this literature you do It to help yourself, not
me or anybody else. Try Bome of
lt In your camp. If you don't understand or agree with all of It
then you wilt have plenty of material for discussion at your meetings.
The C. R. L. Co. at Golden has
lowered the wages in "the oamps,
and then very kindly raised the
hours from nine to ten so that the
■laves sen still make aa much as
they did before, whloh was about
the price of their board, tobacco,
'etc. A fellow worker from there reports that there is considerable
grumbling in the camps because
there is no delegate there. The
members at Golden or at any other
camps -have only- themselves to
blame If there ls ' no dele
gate there. The organizer tried
to get some one to' take credentials there, but nobody - cared
for the job. Call a meeting, elect
,a - delegate, notify the ofllce, and
the papers will vet there quick.
How about grumbling at the boss
up there a~ little bit for a change,
instead ot at the organization?
. There is very tittle news of general 'Interest from the other
1 flinches. It ls a slack time all
Mtfr and things will remain quiet
fot* another month.
The   general   referendum   ballot
i esiilted in all  questions  carrying,
Jnd J; M. Clarke was elected gen-
rat secretary. That means that we
now stand as the Lumber Workers'
Industrial Union of Canada.   Let's
yAfte'K a real one this coming year
arid shdw tho workers of this country that it is an Industrial union,
arid you will soon see the rest of
the workerB following our example.
1 ^DonH1 fbrifet—no   blankets   oar-
tted^tter May 1.
-•"'■    "'      W. S. K1LNER,
Kamloops District,
While it appeared a short time
ago that work Was going to open
up in the district and that a good
many more workers were going to
be employed, the work that was
expected to be started, ia still being held.back and as a result we
flnd that thore are more workers
out ol work In this part of the province today than there was a couple, of weeks ago, the same seems
to hold good In the coust district
from what accounts we have at
hand, In the early part of the week
a news item appeared ln the local
press to the effect that Vancouver
was going to send Its unemployed
to this province, where work was
plentiful and that the city of Vancouver was going to pay at least
part of the fare for the workers
to get here. This office at once took
up the matter with the local employment bureau and was informed
that no men were needed from outside points and that a wire had
been sent to Vancouver to this effect, we at once wired to the general secretary at Vancouver and
asked him to warn unemployed
workers to Btay away from the province of Alberta aB there are plenty
ot unemployed workers here now.
The old game of keeping the unemployed constantly on the move
so that they will not have a chance
to guther In the great cities, where
they might hold meetings and decide what actions they are to take
to better their conditions is being
played again.
It ia not bo very long ago that
the slaves were kept busy chasing
the illusive Job from town to town+fnaater's beat ally in winning strikes
and iron) province to province, they
would be shipped out of Vancouver
to Kamloops only to find that the
job hud taken another Jump, this
time he would be told that In Edmonton there was all kinds of work
to be had, and when he arrived in
Edmonton he would again find that
tho Job had taken another jump
and could be found in Saskatoon,
When <arriving In Saskatoon he
wouhl be told that the Job had
again moved west and could now
be located in Calgary, and the
■harks ln Calgary would inform
htm that there was all kinds of
jobs to be had In Vancouver. This
was under the old system of the
private employment agencies when
the slavea bought the privilege to
work for a master for a dollar and
uP, the employment shark had a
licence from the city and the province and fn return for the dollars
that he collected from the slaves,
he practically guaranteed the powers that be that he would keep the
■laves moving from places to place
so that they would be unable to organizo or congregate tn large numbers in the cities where they might
Injure the beat Interest (that is big
business and their politicians) by
advertising to the world that there
was unemployment ln their fair
city. Now that unemployment can
no longer be hid and lt has to be
admitted that every olty has its
■hare of lt, the thing to do la to
get these workors on the move so
that they may not become dangerous. Vancouver knows this, the unemployment parades there during
the last winter has not helped to
advertise In the way that the chamber of commerce would have Uked.
Vancouver also knows   that   the
these unemployed have done a
whole lot to educate' these workers,
and that the' promises that were
made to them In the past that after
the war everything would be all
right the pictures of peace on earth
and jobs a plenty have not como
true and that thoae workers might
decide to take things in their own
hands, hence they now want to ship
them out, it Ib not because that
they have caught a sudden liking to
those unemployed and want to help
them out, that they are ready to
dump them on the prairies to live
on gophers and rabbit tracks.
* •        9
The farmers of the provinces
have organized In the U. F. A. we
were told to better their conditions,
but lt appears that they think that
their conditions can only be bettered at the expense of the farm-hand,
as we read of the different locals
who have decided that the wage Ib
to be $40.00 per month, we also
see where in Reglna a "conference
was held between the government
employment bureaus and the farmers and that lt was agreed that 40
to 60 dollars per month was enough
for the "pesky go abouts" who
work on the farms In the summer,
we did not hear of the farm-hands
having a representative there,
hence we take It that the farmhand Is already sold to John Farmer for the summer at the stated
rates, but even lf there is very little organization among the farm
workers we see that they are not
apt to accept the wages that have
been set, and In good many places
$60.00 has to be paid before the
workers will go out. Organization
la badly needed among this clasa of
labor and an effort will have to be
made to organise them ln the near
future, lf we are to protect and
build up what organization we already have some action wilt have
to be taken.
• *     •
A large and plentiful supply of
booze Is reported to have settled
the atrike at Brule, the miners at
Brule have lost thetr strike and are
supposed to be back at work when
this is written, a good fight waB put
up by theae workers and they certainly had the Blue Diamond Coat
Co. guessing. All kinds of efforts
were made by the company to
break the atrike, and several agents
were at work in the city trying to
obtain men to take the place of
the strikers but they met with
poor success. It is now said by some
miners that the company brought
in a targe supply of beer and two
caaea of whiskey which was distributed in the camp and thia Is
supposed to have had the desired
result as reflected in the vote to roturn to work. Whether this Is true
we cannot at present state, but we
do not In the least doubt thc story
aa told, this la an old trick and lt
sure reflects on thc Intelligence of
any workers who would fall for it,
as stated fn the bulletin a couple
of weeks ago  booze has been tho
Ontario Lumber Workers
Hold Conference
MINUTES   of   the   conference  As the meeting could come to no
held by the Lumber Workera
at  the   Hussoy  Hall,  Sault
Ste. Marie, Ont, March 20, 27 and
28, 1921.
Meeting called to order by Fellow Worker E. Uhlbeck, Bald fellow worker also acting aa Interpreter.
Fellow Worker H. A. Bryan
elected as chairman and Fellow
Worker V. Qreen as recording secretary.
Motion made and seconded, that
a committee of two be elected to
examine the cards of those present
at the meeting. Committee elect
ed: Fellow Workers P. Aho and V.
Konnl. The committee upon ex
aminlng the cards,* reported that
all present were O, B, U. members.
Motion made and seconded, that
a reporter be elected to send a report of the meeting to the English
and Finnish O. B. U. papers. Follow Worker A. Etoranta was
A discussion arose as to whether
all members present were authorized to determine any questions
which may be taken up by the
meeting; or whether only the delegatea could participate. It was explained to the meeting, that the
conference has been called for the
purpose of presenting recommenda
tions an.d resolutions to be taken up
for duBcuBBlon and decided upon by
the O.B.U. members ln the lumber
industry; therefore, not being able
to decide upon theBe matters alone,
we are of the opinion that all O.
B. U. members present have equal
rights to express their opinions on
all resolutions, A delegate, however, has been elected in Sault Ste.
Marie  to represent tho members.
Fellow Worker Aug. Torttlla represented the members In the Soo;
Fellow Worker J, McMillan representing Timmins district. There
were approximately 2 6 members
Follow Worker Aug. Torttlla,
upon being given the floor, explained that In order to build up
the organization and lncreaae the
activities, the different dlstrcts of
the L. W. I. U. in Ontario ahould
be united into one central headquarters. No discussion, however,
was held on the matter, as some of
the delegates were en route to the
conference, and would not arrive
before evening.
On motion made and seconded,
lt was decided to arrange for a
propaganda meeting to be held on
Sunday evening at the Huasey Hall,
A committee was elected to make
the arrangements.
Moved and seconded that the
meeting adjourn for the day, to reconvene the following day at 9:30
a.m.    Carried.
Meeting called to order Sunday,
March 27, 1921, at 9:80 a.m.
Fellow Workera .'. Toivar, repreeentlng Sudbury diatrict, and V.
R. Midgley from Winnipeg, were
Introduced to the meeting.
The committee elected to examine the membership cards reported that all present were paid
up O. B. U. members.
A wire of congratulation from
Vancouver, B. C, waB read to the
meeting, which did not necessitate
any action.
A discussion waa held on the
question taken up thc previous day
re uniting the different districts.
in tlmea gone by, and will continue
to be useless we make up our minds
to do all In our power to eliminate
booze, In any strikes ln thc future
a vigilante committee should bc
appointed, snd all hootlcKKd's
should be given notice that to sell
booze to a striker would be a very
dangerous matter, and all ofllcialB
or membera of a atriko committoe
who were apt to fall under the influenco of liquor ahould be removed from office, lf the powers that
be will not enforce their own laws
regarding booze it would for our
own protection be up to us to take
what Bteps we saw necessary,
booze Is the poison gas that the
masters use against the workers
during wars on the economic field.
* * *
The old One Big Unton Blgn that
you have been accustomed to aee
outalde of the headquarters when
you were ln the city has now been
removed and a new sign has been
ordered which will read Lumber
Workers Industrial Union, what we
wilt need more than anything else
now Is a library and a few book
cases, our hall is a gathering place
of alt classes of workers and It Is
used by members of vnrious organizations, so let us get to work and
build up a good library, and if you
have a good book that you have
head and want to donate to the library Bend it In, we know tbat
lumber Jacks can not carry their
library tn their blankets, and that
Ib why we have no hesitation in
asking you to send in any books
that you may havo and you are
through reading.
Copy of Telegram  Received From
winni|H% April ta.
Advised by Comrade Urtl that a
party of one hundred slavea have
been sent to Vancouver for farm
work.  We advise all whom It concerns—"Slave market in Winnipeg
Is glutted.  Quotations lower."  Better for slaves to starve In sunny
Vancouver  than  on   the   railroad
tracks or prairies.  Thousands here
on   verge   of   starvation,   chasing
rainbows.   Relief has stopped.
Winnipeg Dlst. Secrotary.
Anyone knowing the preaent ad
dress of Bill Fnrquherson, please
communicate with general headquarters, 61 Cordova atreet west,
Vancouver, B. C.
Will Fellow Worker Stelner
please communicate with head
quarters at the earliest opporto
Buy at a unton store.
Ono dollar and fifty cents Ib the
cost for a six months subscription
meetings that have been held by to tbe Federatlonist.
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Outside World
Moscow—An Important treaty
between Soviet Rusaia and Afghanistan has just been signed.
It was agreed that neither party
should enter into any agreement
with any other govornment whloh
would be injurious to the other
Thc right of eastern nations to
self-determination Is recognized,
Afghanistan recognizes the independence of Bokhara and Khiva,
whatever form of government these
countriea choose to adopt.
Russia, on her part, consents to
return such territories taken by the
Czarist government from Afghanistan as express desire to rojoln Afghanistan. Russia, furthermore,
agrees to give Afghanistan money
and technical aid for development.
This la tho first treaty by thc
present Afghanistan government,
whicli three yeara ago replaced the
old regime subservient to Britain.
A Soviet representative has been
in Kabul for tho last two yoars. A
British representative Is there now
trying to negotiate an Anglo-Afghan agreement.
The Importance of the new pact
between the Soviet and Afghan
governments Is that Afghanistan
will now hnvo direct connection
with the outside world through
Russia, as well ns through India.
understanding on the matter,
committee of four was elected to
draw up resolutions for the approval or rejection of the meeting;
these resolutions to be forwarded
to the membership of tbe different
L. W. I. U. districts in Ontario.
Committee eleoted: Fellow Workers K. Hakala, J. A. MacMIIIan, A.
Torttlla and J. Toivar.
The chairman stated that ho
would not be able to be present at
the afternoon session.
S Moved and seconded that the
meeting adjourn to reconvene at
1 p.m.    Carried.
Meeting called to order at 1
Fellow Worker K. Hakala elected as chairman.
In reference to enquiry made by
the Port Arthur fellow workers re
the delay of notices sent out referring to the change In date of tha
conference, it was decided to send
an explanatory letter, also a report cf ihe proceedings Uf tho
Correspondence    from    Levack.
Ont.,  and  the  Algoma line was
read to the meeting.   The contents '
of the different letters contained
the same wish,  presented In the
form nf resolutions;. especially correspondence   from   the   A.  C.  R.
Mile  154,   148  and  188,  In which
It  was  stated  that they were  In
favor of the conference, but were -
unable to  Bend delegates on account of the camps closing down.
The correspondence was forward*  '
ed to the resolutions committee.
The general secretary of the O,
B. U. made a proposal that thc
distribution  cf  the old  O.  B.  U.  "
Constitutions be ceased, as the new j
ones,   including   the  amendments,   ,
were out.    Carried.
Moved and seconded; that the G.   '
E. B. print 6000 copies of the O.
B. U. Constitution in the Finnish   .
language.    Carried. ,
Moved and seconded, that the
work and translating of same, be
given to the company publishing
the Indurtrialtet.    Carried.
Moved and seconded, that the G.
E. B. should publish hi the Indus-   '_
trlaliftt,   all   matters   referring   to
the Interior affairs of the organization.   Carried.
Moved  and  seconded, that the  .
resolutions      committee     ptesent
their report the following morning.
A discussion was held on organising Industrially. Several speeches
explaining the significance of organising industrially were heard.
Moved   and   seconded . that   the   ;
meeting adjourn for the day, to reconvene at 8 p.m.   Carried.
Monday, March 28, 1921. Meeting called to order at 8 a.m. -
All delegates present, excepting
the chairman.
S    Fellow    Worker   A.    Elornnta
elected as chairman.
Moved and seconded that the
report of resolutions committee be
presented.   Carried.
There followed a discussion on
Induatrlal Unionism.
Moved and seconded that the
report of the resolutions committee be accepted.   Carried.
The report of the resolutions
committee, including amendment
made by Fellow Worker P. Aho,
reads as follows:
'In order to combine the activities In the lumber Industry in Ontario, ln our flght against the lumber barons, so that we may be enabled to decrease thc expenses, by
holding one yearly convention,
composed of all tho lumber workers of Ontario, instead of holding
separate district conventions; to
keep a record of the membership
in one central headquarters, instead of each diatrict keeping their
own files, ss at preaent; so that
the centrnl headquarters will pub- i
Ush leaflets, etc., In large quantities to be forwarded for distribution to the different localities, also
to enable us to send organizers
where thoy are most needed."
This conference recommends:
"That the O. B! U. members ln the
lumber Industry in Ontario unite
together, establish one central
headquarters, through which all
literature, leaflets, etc., be distributed, and organization work arranged.
"That a convention of the lumber workers of Ontario be held
yearly, and that nominees for the
O. IJ. H. be nominated at this convention, whose duty it shall be to
look after tho propaganda and organization work, these nominees to
bc elected by thc referendum vote
of the membership.
"Thnt the basis for representation to the convention ahall be,
one delegate to every 200 membera or major fraction thereof.
"That all membership records
be held In this cental headquartera
and all mi trance fees ond dues to
be forwarded to this office."
We also recommend: "That the
workers in other industries take
this same step, that they would
combine their activities with the
lumber workers, acting through
the same central headquarters, but
that each indnatry hold their own
Moved and seconded, that this
meeting elect nominees, as fraternal delegates, to represent Sudbury
district, at the Port Arthur district convention. Fellow Workers
Ernest Uhlbeck and Aug. Torttlla
were nominated. The one receiving the highest number of votes at
the next meeting to be approved
of ns delegate.
Tht- meeting recommended that
the O. B. U. Bulletin will endeavor
to do away with tho faults whtch
have latcty appeared, In accordance to the wishes of the membership.
Moved and seconded, that a
committee of two be elected to go
over thc minutes, and make corrections before publication, if necessary.    Carried.
Fellow   Workers   Victor   Konnl
nnd   Peter  Aho  elected by accla- .
Moved   and   seconded,  that  tho
meeting adjourn.   Carried,
Chairman,       Rec, Sec.
We have read the above minutes
nnd found them to correspond with
the  discussions and  resolutions.
Sault   Ste.   Marie,   Ont.,   Marcli
28, 1921. ?AOE FOUR
thirteenth tbar.  no. it   THE BRITISH ^LUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   Vancouver, a a
....April  11,   111)
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Unity of Labor:  Tho Hope of the World
..April   15,   1921
THE miners' "strike," which is not a
strike but a lockout, in spite of all the
press may say, has many lessons for the
workers, In fact, even the leaders of the
British  workers  might  possibly  learn
something from the
THE struggle   before   it   is
MINERS' over,   and   couie  to   a
STRUaOIE       realization that the rank
and file is sick of thcir
reactionary utterances and policies. Nothing that Lenin has said about such men
as Henderson, Clynes and Thomas is any
too strong to apply to labor leaders who
becorhe members of the Privy Couneil and
other ruling class institutions. Their ad-
vocaoy of moderate methods, and uttering
of ruling class platitudes in the midst of
the greatest industrial and political
Struggle that the workers of the old land
have been faced with, must be nauseating
to the men who have not beeome contaminated with bourgeois philosophy, but
have by experience learned the philosophy
of a slave class. /
* » •
The Triple Alliance,   an  organization
that can be of great service to the working class, is now for the first time called
on to fulfil its mission. Heretofore the
organizations that form the alliance have,
as in the miners' strike of 1919, acted
alone, beeause they considered that they
could win their individual fights without
calling on the other organizations. In
this case, however, thc State has called on
all its powers to defeat the miners, and
of necessity the struggle becomes not. a
miners' fight but a struggle of the working class against the State. The use of
the Triple Alliance up to this time has
been used by the workers against the employers, not by active participation in
the various struggles, but as a threat of
what might come if the issue was pressed.
It is now, however, called upon to function in a different way, and a study of the
principal officers of thc organization will
give some indication as to why action has
not been taken before the struggle
reached the stage it has.
» , » *
The Transport Workers' Federation
consists of some thirty-six organizations,
amongst whose executive officers can be
found some of the most reactionary so-
called labor leaders of Oreat Britain, J.
Sexton, M. P., being one of this group.
Havelock Wilson, one of the flag-wagging
patriotic type of labor misleaders, whose
war record will prove his class outlook.
Bobert Williams, the secretary of the
Federation, the most radical executive
member of the organization, and' one who
is classified by the ruling class as a Bolshevist, is at the same time more prone to
talk than to take action. J. H. Thomas,
M. P., Privy Councillor, D. C. L., Cambridge, and heavens only knows what else,
the general secretary of tho National
Union of Railwaymen, possessing a ten
thousand pound house, given to him by
the organization, a thousand pounds per
annum from the organization apart from
the parliamentary salary, cannot be expected to advocate any measures that will
threaten the system which gives him so
* * *
Out of this struggle will come a new
alignment in the working class movement
in Great Britain. While we are not in the
habit of prophesying, on this occasion we
are going to do so, and we havo no hesitation in stating that the present industrial struggle will be the last national
strike that will take place in the old land.
The next fight will be for thc ownership
of the means of wealth production. There
are now two international councils of
trades unions, the Amsterdam and the
Moscow, one of the moderate type and the
othor a revolutionary organization with
the avowed object of overthrowing capitalism. If the miners fail in this_occasion
to maintain their position, against the
onslaught of British capitalism, the logic
of necessity will force them into align-
* ment with the Moscow International of
trade and industrial unions. If they win
they will realize their power and move
onward to the next stop. In any case
they win.
THE Alberta Labor News, which is, in
the eyes of the employing class, a good
labor paper, is taking much satisfaction
out of the fact that the Luniberworkers
have for the time being, withdrawn from
the 0. B. U. In fact it
ANOTHER imagines that this with-
CASE OF drawal means the death
PONFUBION of the only real organ-
ization on the American
Bontinent. But the 0. B. U. has been
killed so many times, and has refused as
often to stay dead, that the hopes expressed by tho editor of the Alberta News
may, along with, the hopes of the employers, be blasted. To prove its case, the
journal mentioned quoted Carl Berg, who
in a recent Bulletin made the following
"It is a proven fact that the membership of the 0. B. U. were not intelligent enough to know the difference
between Industrial Unionism upon
which the 0. B. U. wbb formed, and
the class or mass organization advocated by a few politieal leaders or
orators. Thc membership wero blindly led into the trap that hid been
carefully laid by these would-be leaders, and as a result the One Big Union
is a one big union in name."
* * *
If there is anything on earth we admire, it is intelligence, and we bow our
heads to the intellectual that penned the
above gem of wisdom. But even better
than Carl Berg's intellectual monument
is the following comment from the Alberta Labor News:
"The great mass of the workers
who joined the 0. B. U. wero sincere,
and were led to believe that they
were lending their aid to something
which might bring about greater industrial solidarity of the workers.
They could not have understood the
philosophy of the men who launched
the movement or they would have
known that the move was political
and not industrial. They must havo
been ignorant of the history of working class organization, its failures and
successes, or they would have seen tho
impotence of thc thing they were being led into.'"
* • »
The 0. B. U. being dead in the mind
of the writer of the above, has .naturally
made it impossible for him to realize that
making a statement does not prove anything. Some ten thousand members of
the 0. B. U. movement in Winnipeg, who
are very much alive, will, however, take
some persuading that it is dead because a
section of the movement has had some
difference with the way it has been
handled and for the time being ceased
to be a part of it. In fact, from informa
tion to hand, we are of the opinion that
the 0. B, U. is making greater headway
than it was a year ago.
' Leaving aside the question as to
whether the 0. B. U. is dead or not, we
are compelled to wonder if the editor of
the Alberta Labor News got his understanding of the working class movement,
and what constitutes political sction, from
Carl Berg, or from thc miasma of confusion that permeates the minds of the
pure and simple trades unionists. In any
case the confused ideas expressed by that
individual in the passage quoted above,
demonstrates without doubt that he docs
not understand the working class movement, and also lacks knowledge of the
forces that are operating in society.
» » »
There is not a trade union on the continent that does not engage in political
activity. Even the Alberta Federation of
Labor, wliich the Alberta Labor news
represents, indulges in politics. It lobbys
for legislation and endeavors to hare it
enforced when it secures it. Of course
this is industrial action in the eyes of
those who do not understand the terms
they use. Even Carl Berg, who decrys
political action, has been known to seek to
have the health laws of thc province lived
up to by the employers. We suppose that
this was industrial action beeause an organization on industrial lines took part in
a political act.
The employing class, however, has no
illusions as to political action. As the
workers organized ahd their organizations grew, industrial movements took on
more and more a class nature because of
their increased dimensions. Governments
took more and more notice of strikes.
They appointed officials to deal with industrial disputes and the state has repeatedly interfered, thus disclosing the
faet that they realized that in spite of
their industrial cloak, that the employing
class realized that there was a political
significance to labor disputes. When the
0. B. U. was framed, the preamble stated
that the aim of the workers was to abolish
capitalism. Industrialists who have the
philosophy of the Wobblies, think that
this can be oecomplished by industrial
action. That all they have to do is organize on the job and take control of the
factories, etc., and that will be the end
of it. Even if that was all there is to it,
the taking over of the factories would be
a political act. If they doubt it, let them
try it, and they will soon see just where
they are at when all the powers of the
state are put in motion to proteot the
propery rights of the ruling class.
The Winnipeg strike waB an industrial
strugglo, at least some of our friends who
are strong on industrial action would have
us believe.   The ruling class, however,
had no such fool notions, as demonstrated
by the faet that they loosed alL tho powers of the state to suppress it. _ Another
example and even more illustrative is the
strugglo of the miners in the old land.
The miners are locked out.  This is, however,   not   an   industrial   dispute,   but
a  politieal   struggle,   as   the   actions
of the government have readily demonstrated    in    the    mobilizing    of    the
armed forces to protect the interests of
tho  employing   class.   Tho  Cabine'   is
spending more timo   in  discussing   the
miners' situation, than it-did in. a purely
political situation when trade agreements
with Soviet Russia were the question of
the moment.   The struggle may be over
wagos, but its political significance is so
outstanding that even a pure and simple
trades unionist should be able to see it.
In fact, as the struggle between capital
and labor becomes keener, the difference
that at one time existed between the terms
industrial and political action, has been
eliminated.   The class struggle manifests
itself in every labor dispute, and because
of that fact takes on a political aspect.
Thc Carl Bergs and the editors of good
labor papers and ultra revolutionary socialists may rave all they like about political versus industrial action, but the faot
that the struggle betwoen thc working
class and the employing class over the
matter of wages and conditions is the first
manifestation of the class struggle, which
will, and is developing into the final stage
of that struggle which must be for the
ownership of the means of wealth production, proves that no   working   class
action is  without political  significance.
Class organization is as inevitable as tho
rising of tomorrow's sun, not because of
the wish of men, but because the*'class
struggle compels the workers to line up
in one camp and the ruling class and its
supporters in the other. Our mission is
to aid the workers in the formation of a
olass organization, and to expose the fallacies of the confusionists, bo they Wobblies or International trade unionists, and
to that end the O.B.U. was at least a start,
and whether, as an organization, it dies
or not, the workers will be compelled lio
use their power, wherever it is, for the
abolition of the present system and only
political action can doi that.
SAM GOMPERS has broken out again,
this time in many places and as usual
he shows his reactionary tendencies. Giving his reasons for the withdrawal of the
A, F. of L. from the International Federation at Amsterdam
German Soldier Exposes
Murder of Communists
DRIVING —which in the eyes
OUT THE of the Reds appears
REACTIONARIES has a decidedly yellow s t r e a k—ho
states that the A. F. of L. cannot support
» policy which calls for "socialization
of industry." Of eourse, anyone who
knew Sam would never expect that he
would, or could, accept any policy that
did not stand for the continuation of the
exploitation of the working elass. He,
himself, has done that so long that he is
asjiapitalistically minded as those whom
he serves so well. But time and tide wait
for no man; neither does social forces. The
forces that are at work in society today
are muoh stronger than the wills of men,
or even of organizations such as the
American Federation of Labor.
«        «        «
Reactionaries, however,-are not confined
'to the American Federation of Labor.
Every working class movement in the
world has the" counterparts of the head of
the American Trade Union movement.
But, look where ono will, the same revolt
of the workers against reactionary officialdom is apparent, and for the same
reason. Walton Newbould, in a letter to
the Socialist press of Great Britain, states
that the Ramsay Macdonalds must go. In
making that statement he is but saying
that whioh the rank and file will say tomorrow, for the workers aro at east realizing that empty platitudes are not very
good substitutes for food and the necessities of life.
*        «        «
Labor leaders have, for many years, attempted to show the workers that labor
unions and federations would solve their
difficulties. No one ean, for a moment,
deny that they have been of value to the
workers, both as a means of resisting the
encroachments of capitalism and as educational factors, but that does not prove
that they can provide jobs for workers
when they do not exist, and thai member
ship in a labor organization will remove
the ills from which the workers suffer.
Experience is proving to the workers that,
in spite of their activities along trade union lines, their conditions have become
worse. That jobs are now scarcer than
ever and that their standard of living is
slowly but surely being reduced. Hence
the revolt of the workers against reactionary forces and a demand for progressive
policies within the labor movement.
As the development of capitalism has
convinced a large number of the workerB
that there is nothing to be gained under
the present system, so will it convince
others that they must control their own
destinies and their organizations. Splits
will occur again and again until they come
to a realization that their slogan must be
"the world for the workers." The factional fights will repeatedly crop up, until
the rank and file realizes its
which is the abolition of capitalism,
a. s. . )_
The necessity of the moment is working class organizations that are based on
a knowledge of the class struggle. Organizations that, instead of attempting to
becloud the issue that faces the workers,
carry on a real educational work, This,
the American Federation, under its present misleaders, does not do. Every issue
that is raised in the ranks of the workers
in those organizations affiliated with the
A. F. of L. are distorted by an army of officials who neither see or understand the
social forces that are at work in human
society, consequently all the efforts of the
rank and file are more or less hampered
and retarded by the reactionary officials
who have, by machine methods, entrenched themselves in power. Necessity, however, knows no law or power, It drives
human beings to take certain lines of action. It is now driving the workers to
the-Left, and all the reactionary forces
in the labor movement can no more stem
the tide of revolutionary sentiment, than
can the capitalist class stave off its inevitable defeat. The days of both tho
capitalist and the reactionary labor leaders are numbered and the greater the un-j
derstanding of the workers the quicker
they will be dethroned, for their continued
reign is a hindrance to progress and nothing can stand in the way of the workers'
emancipation. Capitalism itself hai
brought the toilers to that position where
they must take hold or suffer extermination by starvation and disease; and
neither trades unions as such, or capitalist society, of which they are a part, can
give the workers the necessities of life.
Only the working class ownership of, the
means of lifo can do that, and in spite of
Gompers and his type, the working class
movement must, and will, become revolutionary, and eventually overthrow tho
system under which the workers are enslaved.
BERLIN—A recent edition of
tho Oerman Independent newspapor Frelhelt, contained the
confession of a soldier who took
part In the suppression of the Spartacan revolution of Jan., 1010.
Tho confession is signed "Hussar
Otto Runge." Runge was one of
the soldiers stationed at the door
of Eden hotel, where Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were
last seen alive. HiB story reads as
"On Jan, 15, 1910, between 7 and
0 o'clock in the evening,.! was stationed as sentry before the ohlef
entrance of the Eden hotel; Cavalryman Drager was with me. About
9 o'clock thero waa a great to-do
and excitement; lt was rumored
that Liebkneoht and Luxemburg
had been brought ln. Sevoral ordera were at once given me by officers and sergeanta. and the remark waa dropped that these
ereaturea must not bo allowed to
leavo tho hotel alive.
"Concerning Liebkneoht, I
ceived strict ordera from officers
to knock the fellow down with the
butt of my rifle whenever he emerged. I was now at my job, and
could not know tho officers; but
afterwarda I recognized them as
my fellow-accused, Aa for Frau
Luxemburg, officers came to me
and said: 'I order you to see that
Luxemburg doean't leavo the hotel
alive; mind you, swallow that!1
Lieut, von Ffluck-Hartung made a
note of my name and aaid to me
'Flrat Lieut Vogol will aend her
straight to you; all you'd havo to
do la to atriko hard.' Whon Frau
Luxemburg waa being dragged
Into the motor, aomebody Jumped
up behind just aa lt was driving off
and Bent a bullet Into her head; I
oould seo that very clearly, at I
waa only a short distance away.
He then Jumped down and re-entered tho Eden hotel from the
Nurnberger Strasse.
The next minute an officer came
up to me from the entrance, and
told me to go up to the fourth floor
and clear things up there. 'The
follows up there are no good,' he
said, 'they're rotters. Tour ordera
are to shoot tho editor of tho Red
"A sergeant met mo on tho staircase and said I waa to como up at
onco and clear up thlnga. I told
him I'd got my ordera already and
aaked him whero he got his. Ha
then said; 'Captain Pabst gives orders here.' When I got upstairs
thero was ono man standing
against a wall, and another aittlng
next to him. The sergeant ordered
mo to point my gun, and to shoot
when he came back for tho third
time; that waa to be tho signal, I
had already lifted my rifle, but
thought better of it, and lowered lt
again; tho man of tho Red Flag
also como toward ma and aald ho
(had a laat commission to give. He
waa led lntd a room,, and aa he
left an officer aald to a sergeant:
f 'Take the man off and see tbat nothing happens.' I then wont baok
to my sentry duty and Drager aaid
to me: 'Well, suppose you didn't
shoot tho fellow upstairs after alii
you woro auoh ages about It.'
"Meanwhile tho others had como
up and were boasting: 'We-ve dono
for' Liebknecht nicely. A trick waa
played on him, and ao ho waa induced to try to escape.' Chief
Lieut, von Rlttgen lator repeated
tlmt to me when wo wero ln prison;
he alao said ho had heard reports
of tho pistols. Of Luxemburg lt
was said: 'The old sow la already
afloat.' (Frau Luxemburg's body
waa found threo weeks later ln tho
"I hava thla to aay about my
flight: At flrat everybody In the
Eden hotel congratulated me, and
1 waa told that nothing would happen to me. 'We'll aee to that,' they
said. 'We'll send you to another
nice little town and look after
you.' One evening after sentry
duty, when I was walking through
the Zoo, Lieut. Llepmann came up
to me with Chasseur Friedrich and
said: 'Well, my man, I've been a
good time looking for you; you've
got to get away; you've got to
make yourself scarce, or else we'll
all be sitting In prison.' Varloua
of my superiors In my cavalry regiment alio began to urge mo to
flee. Lieut. Llepmann then took
me from recruiting quarters to tho
Eighth Htirsar regiment I told
my superiors there about tho mur
der and was instantly hailed aa a
"Ono day In January, or tho bo-
ginning of February, I was cleaning ln the courtyard and two children camo to me and said: 'Hus-
Rungo Is to como into the
street and speak to a soldier.' A
non-commfsKloned officer came to
tne, and sal J. 'Runge, I've boen ordered to como by President Frel-
herr von , adjutant o_ the
Eighth Hufcsara. He'a got a warrant out against you; you're to bo
arrested, It can't be allowed.
Here's a copy of the warrant.' He
gave me 240 marks and a military
pass fer Cologne. I at once told
my captain, got my pay, and was
told by Captain Weber to make
myself scarce, but to call at the
Eden hotel once more, I did so
At the Eden hotel I waa toid more.
I waa told that the order of arrest
would not be acted on until I had
got clear; 4000 marks were brought
to mo ln my lodgings, with a written message, telling nte to get to
Prague and to call on Conaul
fichwarz at tho consulate and ask
for work. I refused, becauae I
had no passport. Then I waB kept
a prisoner for four daya with
Lieut. Lelpmann at hia place ln the
KurfurstenBtraSae until peoplo bogan to arnoll a rat. I thon got a
military paaa to FlenBburg, and
false Identity papera; these were
taken from mo when I waa arrested,
"The examination was a farce. I
had several private conversations
with Military Judge Jorne, and he
told mo: 'Confesa to everything
without mlaglvlnga; lt will only be
four months, and you can como to
ua again afterward lf you aro ln
distress.* Tha cell doors were alwaya loft open, All the prlaonera
pretended to be the court; I had to
pretend to be a prisoner, and I was
told that if I didn't loarn my confession off nicely, one line night I
should flnd a hand grenade ln my
bed. I was also urged to say that
I had got my false papers, which
tho officers had given to me, by
buying them from Spartacista in
the Welnmelstraese. The officers
often had their girls to visit them
up to midnight; thero was music
and wine. I several tlmea telephoned to the Eden hotel staff. I
had to tell them the exact train I
was taking for Flenaburg, and
what time I should arrive there.
We mako a great deal of Diamond Jewelry we sell.
We carry always a very choice stock of first water
stones, comprehensive enough to permit us to make
up any kind of a design in jewelry.
This gives our artisans great scope in fashioning
some special piece or pieces to meet a desire iiv
something exclusive and out of the ordinary.
"Tlie House of Diamonds"
480-480   Gram lllo   Street
At Corner of Pender
gatton, and the de facto ambassador to London, explained the recont apparent changes in the So-,
viet policy, M. Krassln, who has
carried to a successful issue the
negotiations of the Anglo-Rusalan
trado agreement, Ib now busy with
tbe practical details for carrying
out the eame, and. is deeply Interested In efforts to secure a similar
agreement with the United States.
Communist Principles In
Russia Not to Be
London—"AM we recede from
wartime conditions and advance
toward reconstruction and peace,
we proceed toward a businesslike
adaptation of our methods to those
of real life. We call lt neither going io the right nor to the left.
Whatever reports we may receive
here, I am aure that Lenin will
never abandon hie Communistic
principles, but, as he is a practical
man with a practical mind, he may
decide 'ona matter..or another to
take a practical course with regard
to present-day conditions.
"Many Communists recognised
long ago that in order to reinstate
Russia's eoonomlo position lt la necessary to utilize foreign capital,
and that It ls necessary to devise
a plan by which foreign capital
may find Russian investments attractive and at the same tlm* not
attempt to work against the Com*
munist government. On the other
hand, Lenln hae found lt necessary
to allow peasants to put. on the
marlcei a part of their agricultural
produ ts, and ln this way he has
found a practical method to help
develop the Communittlc state. I,
myself, cannot see any backdown
on his Communistic principles in
his recent declarations, All they
meant ts that Russia ls turning
from war eonditlons.to peaoe."
In these words, Leonid Krassln,
chief of the Russian Soviet dele-
Our army of sub. hustlers Is
growing but therfe Ib room for
plenty more. The following have
bcen rustling around their work
Lmiites and neighbors and added
gmfly to our- circulation,
W. Cowan of Vancouver heads
the list this week with ten new
II. Burdltt of Van Anda comes
next with a list of nine.
C. F, Orchards of Kamloops
sends in seven.
Jas. Carson of Smlthers, Bix.
i E,   Lundeen   of   Finland,   Ont,
Mrs, B. Davey of Ladysmlth,
F. Smutny of Vancouver, flvft.
A, Davis of Stanford, Ont, four.
J, W. Jamleson, Siiuamlsh, four,
S. Johnson, Nelson, three,
J. Mclnnis, Frince Oeorge. three.
F, 0. McCallum, Vanoouver,
W. Bates, Vancouver, three.
Dr. W.. J. Curry, Vancouver,
And the following have each
turned In two apiece: J. J. Zander, Edmonton; J. Stevenson, Vic-
torla; J, McKennelly, Ladysmlth;
A Comrade, Powell River; Mrs. J,
Crow, Gibson's Landing; R. Oar-
den, Vancouver; Thoa Hanwell,
One apiece from the following:
C. N. U. X. Headquarters
The Office and Reading Room of the Canadian
National Union of Ex-Service Men, is located
at 61 Cordova St W., first floor rear. Secretary
can be found there any time.
0. A, Broadhurst, A. A. fiohaat, V,
Clark, 8. Griffith, F. Brown, G. It
Barrett, Mra. Clara Hallberg, B. 0,
Mutch, C. Donner.
Besides all these quite a nunu
bor ot now readers have forward,
erl their own subscriptions. When
you get through with thla paper,
pass lt along.
' If your subscription has expired
you are urged to renew at on*
as we are unable to oarry you.
(By the Federated Press)
New Tork—Robert P. Brindell,
former building trades "csar" et
New Tork, now le ln a Sing Sing
cell serving his sentence of from
E to 10 years for extortion, all hli
efforts to date to avoid paying the
penalty tor his offense having
Heat Weak
In u Aqtiitlo Novelty
Other Big restarts
Phone Sey. 24(1
"The Miracle Man"
Stanley Steam
Taxi Co.
(Old time Lumberjack)
Prompt Service
Fin* Cars
884 Abbott St    Vaneonver
Phone Sey. 88:7-8878
Press reports indicate lhat certain
workers in Seattle have sought a reduction in wages. We always knew that
slaves were moi'e or less stupid, but this
suro indicates lunacy.
A London physician'has bcen reported
as stating, "No man, whose health is good,
ever becomes a radical."* This world is
.sure suffering from sickness if that is the
I Can Save You Money on Your
Clothing Requirements
Hen's Qreen Label Underwear,
suit  (3.68
Oold   Label
Underwear,   per
Overalls from, pair 82.00
Men's Caps $1.08
Working Shirts from .81.00
Working Gloves, a pair ...OSo
Loggers' Double Palm anJ
Thumb and Finger, ln real
horsehide, pair 98,00
Khaki Overalls, double knee
and seat  $9.50
Diamond Sweaters, best quality, eaoh $8,80
Fine Shirts  $1.25    Sweater Coats, up from....$5,00
Working Sox, a pair  2(0    Men's Good Suits for ....$20,00
18 and 20 Cordova St 444 Main St
Matinee 2:30
Ring np Phone Soymour 1854
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
Suite 301 Dominion Building
VANCOUVER, B. C.     •
Hand your neighbor this oopy of
The FedertgJonlst, and then call
around noxt clay for a subscription.
Get the
Love Habit!
BEDS, Etc., at oost. Our stook
Is Big ,and so are our Bargains. Watch our Auction
Snaps. Furniture Bought and
Love & Co.
Phone Seymour 3748
In that dark hour when sympa.
thy and best service count so
mueh—call up
Phone Fairmont 58
Prompt Ambulance Service
Phone Sey. Ill      Day or Night
531 Homer St. Viuicomer, B.C.
Funeral Directors
and Embalmers
Funerals of Dignity at Fall
Fal rvlew: Office and Chapel.
-J.I Oranvlll. Street
Phone Bay 1300.
North Vancouveri Offlee and
Chapel, 123 Sixth St. W.
Phon. N. V. 134.
Mount Pleasant:   Office aal
Chapel, 3118 Matn St
Phone Fairmont 68.
Bandar cmlwi, 11 a-m, and 7.80 p.m, ,
Sunday sohool Immediately totlawtil j
mornlDf service. Wednesday taatlmoaUl <
meeting, I p.m. Free reading taa
M1-I0I   Blrki   BIdl.
16 Hastings St EL
0. B. U. OABD
PatroatM Then Who Patronise T«!
New Subscribers9
Pleue coniaU tke pink sheeti,
wblch will be found inserted be-
tween the main portion of tha
new March 1st directory, for an
names and numbere not regular)/
listed, before calling Information
as all new numbers allotted after
the main section went to press, op
to and including February IS, will
ba foand on these sheets.
British Columbia Telephone
o&A NonalcohoUo wises ot in
UNION   MBN'B   ATTENTION FRrDAy.^r^T,Apm p, .ill
___?________*___ vo.ii   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancouvur, b. o.
yon can afford to psy—
Onr store is in a central
location, convenient for
all, but outside the high
rent district. This —
with other conditions-
enables ui to sell quality goods at less prices
than others charge for
Cash or Terms
Furniture Co.
416 Main Street
I opp. an HALL 1
Woiford Included ta tlie Martial
tatt District and Military
Cork,—Th. Cork Examiner has
notified its readers that everything
appearing ln its editorial and news
columns Is liable to military cen-
corshlp. Announcement has been
made also at Wexford, which like
Cork is ln the martial law area,
that the proprietors of the.Free
Press and th. People have been
notified by the military authorities
that before going to press the contents of the papers must bs submitted for censorship and passed
for publication.
Before martial law was instituted
a more or less unofficial censorship
wsb Imposed by the military or police in several towns in the east
and west.
While Aay Day has been set as
the closing date for the raising of
85,000 for the Federatlonist, It
should he understood that ne need
Free Delivery
Fresh Meat Dept.
Choice Pet Roaiti, from, lh. ....17o
Choice Oren Route, from, lb. 18c
Choice Rump Roaate, from,
ih. *. nn   Zflfi 1-fie
Ohjlea Boiling Beef, from, lb...l6o
Choice Stew Beef, from, lb llo
Fineit Stew Lamb, per lb - llo
Finest Lolni Lamb,  ~ SOe
Flneet Shoulder Lamb, per lb. 88 l-'io
Fineit Lop Lamb, per lb. v....w„.8Ae
Shoulder Lamb Ohopi, per lb SOo
Lola Lamb Chope, per lb. .....Rn.„.40e
No. 1 Oovernment Inspected Pork,
freih kilted, practically no bona,
In I to 8-lb. pleoei.    Reg. 4Qc
lb. Special, per lb ,...881-flc
Fineit Marmalade, No. 2 tlna  IBo
Quaker Tomatoei, per Un  18c
B. 0. Sugar, per lb. „......~.—lS-l-8o
Choice Salmon, 8 for ._..25o
Fineit Salt, 8 for ........... ......SSe
Fine Dry Mealy Spuds, In 100-lb.
aacka.  Beg. 81.85, epeeial ..96c
RoUed OaU, 6-lb, aacka .8Bo
Fineit Prunes, 8 lba. for 86c
Provision Dept.
0a SMurdiy morning from 0 to 18
o'clock noon wt will tell Fin.
Alb.rL Dutt.r.    R.I.  6.0   Ib.
Sp.ci.1, 1 lbi. for  ..81.88
From 8 a.m. to 13 noon ytt will sell
8Ltor*_ Famona Sugar Cored Picnic
Hams. Rog. al l-8o lb. Speolal, per
lb   IS Ho
Oa Saturday morning from 8 to 11
o'clock wa will sell Streaky Bacon la 9 and a-lb. piece.  Reg.
Ho lb. Speolal, por lb. .M Me
Slater'a Famous Streakr Bacon,
half or whole elaba. Reg. lie
lb. Special, lb.  .He
We will sell   oa   Saturday  morning
from 8 to 19 o'clock, Sliced Streaky
Baooi,   Speolal, lb  800
Duma' Flneet Freeh Made Oo.era-
meat Inspected Lard. Reg. 80c
lb.  Special, lb  .22c
Flneet Compound Lard.   Reg. 3 lbe.
fer 41c. Special, 2 lta. for ......8.e
Four Big Stores
123 Haatinga Si E. Phona Sty. 8882
8S8 Ora»llli St, Phont Sty. 888
1191 0-en.ille St Phont Sty. 8119
3280 Kala St. Phon. Talr. 1083
To   Discuss   Ways and
Means to Block War
Washington.—Calling of a world
c onfeT.rice of tta. International
Federation of Metal Workers, at
Bern., to discuss ways and means
of bringing about a stoppage of the
produotlon of war munitions, ls
about to b. proposed to tho federation. President Wm. H. Johnston
of th. International Association ot
Machinists stated here Monday.
The Rochester convention of the
I. A. It., laat September, tnstruct.d
Johnston to propos. to th. Berne
headquarters of th. federation the
holding of suoh a conference. Thus
far the latter has not been dis-
patohed, but Johnston d.olaraa that
It will now b. forwarded with a request for early action.
Th. proposal Is that all organisations of motal worksrs Involved in
produolng th. materials of war,
anl especially guns, shells, gas
containers, armor, etc, b. summoned to discuss a programme of
industrial demands leading up to
th* turning of th. labor of thu.
workors into th* production ot
things useful to humanity, and ths
abandonment of work devoted to
preparing for destruction of human
Because Europe, nominally at
peace, ts now Apparently on th.
v.rg. of another war mor. horrible than th. last, th. moment to
launch this programme Is considered to hav. arrived.
Are' Opposing   Out   in   Wages-
Miners Have Already Quit In
Several Districts
Madrid.—Keport. from the mining districts ln northern and southern Spain indicate that th. miners
everywhere, ar. opposing the suggested cut* ln wages and are
threatening to declare a general
atrlke in protest against the pro-
Sosal of ths employers. The men
ave already left th. mines ln several districts in lhe Asturlas and
Before making a purchase, look
up onr list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronise one of them,
and by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
The Miners' Strike
(By Geo. Stirling)
ACCORDING to preu reportB,
with the exception of ttae Soclaliit and Labor preu, all
the newspapers of England condemn the mlnen.
Thie is a remarkable fact, but
lt Is not unique. We have noticed
frequently during big upheavals In
this country, that all the Tory
press has been unanimous In .condemning the wickedness of the
Liberal Party. We have also noticed at other times what seems
Just as remarkable, all the Liberal
press, without an exception, condemning the Tory party. Again,
all the papera under the control
of the big business Buccaneers tn
the United States, condemn, without one exception, the Farmer-Labor government of North Dakota.
When the Farmer-Labor government of Ontario was f owned, all
the papers condemned it, and said
lt spelt ruin, mismanagement, chaos for poor old Ontario.
When Jesus Christ went about
agitating amongst the poor fishermen of Galilee, the Morning
Sunbeam of Jerusalem came out
with a very strong editorial, pointing out to the money changers tn
the Temple courts, the dangerous
dogmas of this Nazarene carpenter. And the Jericho Times warned the people against being led
from the paths of law and order by
being buoyed up with false hopes
of the possibility of establishing
the kingdom of heaven on earth.
In fact, no numerous was the press
ln denouncing this Man, Jesus,
who claimed to bring "liberty to
the captives," that lt called forth
a remark from Him which all wise
men will ponder over, "Blessed are
ye when men shall speak, evil of
you falsely.**
If the Big Buccaneer Harms-
worth press of England had anything favorable to say of the miners, or Indeed ot any of the tolling
millions In England, we would be
greatly disturbed about lt. Beware of the Greeks bringing gifts.
If the harmful press were to present bouquets of roses to the miners in England, the miners themselves would have sufficient sagacity to beware of the point of a
hidden stiletto. Sure the press ls
against'the miners, and lf we knew
nothing else about the matter than
this, we would feel Inclined to say,
"Long live the Miners Federation,"
But we do know, a few facts.
We know that Lloyd George betrayed the miners. We know that
when the commission was formed
In England under Justice Sankey,
to investigate the conditions of
mining ln England, that Lloyd
George promised the miners to
legislate according to the findings
of that independent commission.
That commission contained such
eminent Labor supporters as Prof.
Sidney Webb, professor of economics at London University, and
Mr Leo Money, one of England's
statisticians. The commission reported that the only uolution of
the mining question ln England
was nationalization.
Lloyd George said we can not do
it; It would mean waste, and bureaucracy. Tet a few months previously ths premier had said,
speaking of the nationalization of
the munition plants during the
war, "It had saved the nation
£440,000,000 sterling."
Lloyd George has proved a traitor to the trust Imposed In htm by
the miners at that time, and now
they have deolded to stand for no
further trickery. ' They will not
even tolerate the dilatory tactics
of whloh Lloyd George is a master.
They demand a decision at once.
And the whole of the press of
England contains them. So be
"Brehon Not Breton Law"
(By M, GarVta)
Fein M. P., la reported to have
stated that the Irish people,
under a Republican form of government, would base thetr laws on
the old Breton system. This, doubtless, was a telegraphic error, as
what he referred to was the old
Brehon system. As It Is very little
known, thanks to anti-Irish propagandists, that the so-called "Ignorant" Irish did have a system
of law in the olden days, and a
system which even at this date,
wilt compare very favorably with
our alleged "highly civilized" products, this short survey of Irish law
Is offered.
Brehon Law Is the Irish term
for native Irish law as administered
in Ireland down to the beginning
of the seventeenth century, and the
word Brehon is the Bngllsh spelling of the Irish word, meaning
The early Irish had a law system peculiar to themselves, and
there ts every evidence of the existence of a large mass of literature covering this anotent law.
The two Irish scholars, O'Curry
and O'Donovan, transcribed seven*
teen volumes of the Brehon law,
containing 5300 pages, and many
more valuable Brehon documents
are In the library of Trinity College, the British Museum and ths
Bodleian Library, awaiting transcription. Bix great tomes based on
the work of O'Curry and O'Donovan were published by the British
government tn the master of Rolls
series, and although theae books
are only the remains of what-must
have been an immense law literature, they afford the means for
drawing a fairly good picture of
the social organization of the ancestors of the present Irish people.
In early times the 'country was
governed by a ruling olass called
"kings,' 'of different grades, the
highest being'the King of Ireland.
Next to these were thi nobles or
princes, and In all there were, nominally at least, seven different
kinds of nobles. Wealth and descent were balancod over against
each other, provision being carefully made that a wealthy farmer
or peasant grown rich through
cattle could, if he possessed twice
the wealth of the lowest of the
seven, and had held It for certain
generations, become a noble of the
seventh or lowest degree. Ttae law
took care at the same time not to
close to any one the avenues to
Land Tenure
The land did not belong to the
king or the chief, or the landlord,
but to the tribe, and the lowest of
the free tribesmen had as much
an Inalienable right to his shore as
had ihe chief himself. In course
of time, parts of the tribal terrl-
ory appeared to become alienated
to sub-tribes or families, and the
chief, who always exercised certain administrative duties wtth respect to the land, appeara to have
had certain specific portions of the
tribal land allotted to himself for
his owr uso and for the maintenance of his household and relatives. He was in no sense, however, what Is known as a landlord.
The great bulk ot ancient Irish
cultivators were the free-tribesmen. From this the Brehon Law
Is oalled "the law of the Free-
tribesmen." Many of these tribesmen In time found themselves Involved ln something like pecuniary
transactions with their head chiefs,
owing to poverty or some other
reason, and were driven to borrow
or accept cattle from them, either
for milk or tillage. These tribesmen then became the chieftain's
vassals, and were known as free
or unfree tenants. The free tenant
only accepted a limited amount of
stook, and retained his tribal
rights, always most carefully
guarded by the Brehon Law, tn
their integrity. But the unfree
tenant, who took stock from his
chief, became liable for heavier
but still carefullyy defined duties.
The tribesman, by accepting stock
from hts chief, naturally parted to
sume extent, with his freedom, but
his chief interests were carefully
looked after by law, and it was
provided that after food, rent and
servioe had been rendered for seven
years, lf the chief should die, the
tenant should become entitled to
the stock deposited with him. If,
on the other hand, the tenant died,
his heirs were partly relieved from
thetr obligation. This system, to
some extent, resembles a system
up till recently very common on
the continent   of   Europe,  where
Self-Determination of Ireland League Pledges
Its Support
The members of the Self Determination for Ireland League In
Vancouver havo decided that ths
Federatlonist ls a paper that gives
the news in spite of ths newspapers, and at the regular meeting
of that organisation on Tuesday
night passed the following resolution, move.d by Mr. N. J. Egan, seoonded by Mr. J. Lynch:
Whereas ths B. C. Federatlonist
is the only newspaper ln Vancouver whloh publishes the truth about
the situation ln Ireland, be It resolved that th. Self-Dotermlnation
for Ireland League of Canada give
their whole-hearted support to ths
British Columbia Federatlonist
That the members of the Self-
Determination League organise a
subscription campaign for that
paper and that all members who
are ln business advertise ln tho
columns ot that paper." Passed
Passing resolutions does not,
however, satisfy the Irishmen, as
they have started an active campaign for subscriptions, the committoe ln charge of the campaign
making an activo canvas of all
members and friends of the Irish
cause. There ara som. labor organizations that might learn a
little from tho Self-Detormlnatlon
the landlord suppli.d th. stook and
land, and th* t.nant th. labor and
skill. It dltters fron it In this,
however, that In Ireland, the free
and unfr.. farm.r did net receive
land from th. chl.f, aa It wm
theirs by right of thslr free tribes-
manehip. In this way, by accenting sto.lt from their overlords, a
rent paying olass grew up In Ireland, but the rant was paid, not for
the land, but for th. chief's property, deposited with the tenant.
■octal Organisation
The Irish sooial unit was the
Fine (Flnna) or family, consisting of ona group ot five persons,
and throe groupa of four, all mole.
The head ot the family and four
membera made up the first group,
and th'a other three groups were
called respectively—the true family, the after family, and the end
family. On the birth of a new
mal. member In the first group,
the eldest member ln this group
was moved up Into the next the
true family, and ona out of that
four Into the next family and so
oni the one out of the last four
(the ead family) being moved out
ef the family altogether, and with
ethers forming the clan or aspt.
On being moved Into the sept, a
male eeased to be a member of the
family or Fine.
The law of primogeniture did
not obtain In Ireland, so the chief
of the aspt was sleeted by ths
tribe or olansmen. The selection
was made of the man who, being
of the chieftain's naar blood, could
best lead the tribe ln both war and
peace. "The head of every tribe,"
says a Brehon law tract, "should
be the man of th. tribe who ls the
most experienced, the most notable,
the most wealthy, tha most learned, the most thoroughly popular,
the most powerful to oppose, the
most steadfast to sue for profits,
and to be sued for losses." And
suoh were the views of practically
every Irish elan down to the beginning of the 17th century.
(To be concluded nutt week)
Urged to Continue the
'•; J Boycott Against
Berlin.—The exeoutlve oommlttee
ot the Frele Arb»Iter Unions of
Germany haa requested labor organisations the world over to give
heed to the appeal seat out recently by the executive committee ot
the Spanish National Confederation
of Labor, In whloh It Implored, ln
order ta put a stop to the ravages
of reaction In Spain, that ■ worldwide boycott be deolared against
Spanish Import and export trade.
In Its appeal the Spanish committee deolared that "thousands ef
fighters tor freedom In RjuJn had
been arrested, departed and murdered after the manner of Franolsco Ferrer."
The Oemiaa request says tbat
unionists at onee should take steps
to Initiate co-ordl»ated notion, and
concludes! 'It should be the con-
corn of labor parties aad other .antral organisations M give International publicity te tbe beyeett of
all goods made Is Spain."
Before making ■ purchase, look
np our Ust ef advertisers on page T,
and then patronise oae ot them,
and by so doing (In III* Federatlonist a boost
Reglna, Baek. — Standardlsatlo'a
of farm wages wan advocated by
a Joint ooaterenee of representatives, of the various farm organisations and offloinkTof the Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta and
BrltlBh Columbia Employment
Enormous Army for a
Small Country—Expect Collapse
Prague, Czccho-Slovakia—Unless
the rampant militarism of the Infant republic of Csecho-Slovakta is
checked, and unless the Czechs desist from their nationalist position
of not wanting to do business with
the Germans or Austrians merely
because the Hapsburgs onoe op-
pressed them, there ls bound te be
an eoonomlo collapse ln this new
state. This Is the opinion ef a
leading Prague banker with whom
a Federated Press correspondent
dleoussed the situation.
"Just. Imagine," he aald—"here
Is a little oountry of ahout 11,00.,-
000 Inhabitants. Of this number
about 400,0*0 are under arms. Is
other words, about every thirtieth
person you meet counting ln women and ohlldren. Is a soldleri
And the costf Why, H Is MM,-
OOC crowns 1(110,000) dally, ao-
cording to official figures. That
may not seem mueh to yen, but it
Is a terrible burden lor an Impoverished, war-ridden new state Uke
"Thla condition ot affairs oaanot
last An army Is unproductive.
Our eountry needs work, lots ot It
to get on Its feet There Is bound
to be a collapse unless we abandon eur militarism."
Some merchants In town do not
think yonr ouatom Is much use to
them, or thoy would advertise their
wares tn The Federationist to secure your trade, Bemember tbls
when you are about to make a purchase*
New prices, $20.00 ud $38.00.  Other priees up to $60.00
Spring Overco»U $80.00, $83.80, $40.00 snd np
Spring Shirts in sll the new weaves, in tlie celebrated
Arrow, Tooke ind beet English brands-
Spring Hats in Bprsalino, Stetson, Ht. lory, Brorft
Oe Luxe, Wolthauaen brands, at the new prices.
i Boys' Olothing mum as Dad's
Clubb & Stewart Ltd
Hen's and Boys' Clothiers
2 Storei
809 HASTINGS W.       628 GRANVILLE ST. j
The statesman throws his shoulders baok and strsisktens ont Wl Hi
And says, "My Mands, unlHS tt rains tko weather will be dry,*
And when this thought Into our brains has p.roolated through.
We common people nod eur heads and loudly ery, "How truer
The statesman blows bis massive nose ud elears Us august threat,
And says, "The ship will never sink eft lone al It's afloat"
Whereat we roll our aolemn .y.a, applaud wtth main and might;
And slap eaoh other oa tho baok, tke while wo say. "El's rlghU"
The statesman waxss stem and warm, hli drone beoomes a roar,
Be yell* "I aay to yeu, my Mends, that two and two make fear!"
And thereupon our doubts dissolve, our team are pat to root,
And we agree that he Is a man who knowe what hM about
—The Worker.
Home Town Planning to
Welcome Veteran
Terra Haute, Ind.—This city, Oft
home town of Eugene V. Debs, Is
getting ready to welcome hln.
home, when he Is set free.
The entire population, Socialists;
Labor Unions, civio organizations!
and citlsens generally, are eagerly
looking forward to Qie day when
their best lovqd neighbor will return home. They plan to make
his welcome 20 times as warm as
it was in 1806, when he returned
from a prison sentence one-twentieth as long as his present one.
In 1806, there were music and
flowers and cheering for the men
who had obeyed his parents and
had stood by his principles, regardless of consequence-.
Tbe Terre Haute Post Is the
leading family paper of the city,
serving a terirtory with a population of 140,000. The paper, which
io leading tho move for a welcome
heme celebration, prints dally a
petition blank to th. president
asking for amnesty tor all political olt.nd.rs.
Already 21,000 names have been
sent to th. president, and the editorial management of the paper
promises that within a few days,
they will have sent in 86,000 names
or at least half the adult population of ths territory served by the
Without a guard or escort, Eugene V. Debs, whom Woodrow
Wilson threw into prison as a menace to mankind, left his cell at the
Atlanta penitentiary a tew days
ngo, Went to Washington for a conference with Attorney Oeneral
Daugherty, and thereafter returned alone to his cell.
"I could not see Debs, so Deb.
came to see me," Mr. Daughterly
told the reporters. "I wanted his
own answer to certain questions,
and Debs gave them."
For   Use   in   Exchange
With Foreign Trade
and Commerce
Moscow—DeciBion ot Soviet government to abolish money as me-:
dlum of value and exchange baa
been rescinded, lt 1» announced by
M. Leshava, head of Russian forr
elgn trade board.   He added:       j
"We cannot use money just yet
ln internal commerce. However,
we Intend to return to the money
standard ln commerce. Merchant!
will repay to the state In goods
that they get from the peasants,
and other customers will pay ln
goodi for products they receive. ,
"It li probable that small buslines* people will be under control
of th* co-operatives. Foreign trade
board will aot as agent of the coj-
operatives in foreign countries.
The co-operatives will control distribution of all goods bought, local
and foreign, and Immediately give
ths peasants some manufactured
articles on oredit from ths government When confidence is established, the peasants will pay ln
Oovernment concessions must bs
approved as followa: First, by department to which ths concession
belongs; second, by foreign trad*
board; third, by committee of commissars, of which Lenln is chairman. Th* concessions Include foreign capital to strengthen our Industries. Without It our sooial
and economlo development would
be Interfered with."
When there ts n fight on tho man
who gets ln and digs is the on* that
wa Uke. Get ln now and dig, by
patronising The Federatlonist advertiser*.
Sixteen Days to Go!
—and a hundred and eighty-five
dollars per day are
Tbe Federationist has earned the enmity of the employing due
—that in itself proves that the paper is standing for the interests
of the Working Class.
But What Are You Doing For Your
Own Press?
Asthe days go by and the class struggle becomes keener, the need
for a labor press will become more and more evident but papers
cannot be run because someone needs them—unless tney are also
willing to pay for them.
The Campaign Closes on May 1
But the money is not yet in sight and the situation is urgent.
Sixteen days—and a hundred and
eighty-five dollars per day must be
secured if we are to reach the
amount that was aimed at. PAGE SIX
FRIDAY....................April   16,  1111
The Trade Union Movement in Soviet Russia
is  a  much
1 discussed subject in these days, and workers in all countries
are anxious to understand what part they play in that country.
Soviet Russia, published in New York, in a recent issue published thc views of Zinoviev, Trotzky and Lenin, and for thc information of our readers these views are reproduced:
Master of Practical
Drugless Healing
Fifteenth    Floor    Standard
Bank—Corner of Hastings
. and Richards
Phones:     Seymour 608;
Highland 8134L
Ths skill of ths Drugless
Healer In curing disease
should make the most brilliant surgeon ln the land
ashamed of his Incapacity—
Alfrsd Watson, M.D., Philadelphia,  Pa.
Drugless Healers are dally
turning back Into the world
people made sound and well
by thetr simple and correct
work, who have been pronounced Incurable and beyond the reach of medical
science. I leave It to the reader to pick the quacks.—W. A.
Turner, M.D., Portland, Ore.
Any doctor who persuades
people Into taking no drugs
wilt soon make a reputation
of curing chronic diseases,—
C. S. Carr, M.D., Columbus
Medical Journal.
Medicine nae appealed th
the strong arm of the law to
protect it against Irregulars.
When the people see and
learn by experience that the
man on the outside is the one
who does things, they will
break down the medical fence
ln order to get to that man,
—A. W. Kerr, M.A., Cleveland, Ohio.
(To be continued)
Vancouver Unions
OOUNOIL—Preildent, R. W. Hatley;
ttcretary," J. G. Smith, lleeta Srd Wednesday each month in the Pender Htll,
corner ot Pender and Howe ■treeti.
Phone  Sey.  291.	
ci)—Meete    second    Monday    In    ths
■.oath.    Preaident, J. F. McConnell: tea-
Mtary, R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box Ofl.
need brlcklayen or masons  for bailer
worka,   elc,   or   marble   lettern,   phone
Brieklayera'  Union,  Labor Temple.
0. B. U.—Preaident, E. Andre; aecreUry, W. Servioe. Meets 2nd snd 4th
Wednesday in each month in Pender HaU,
eor. of Peader tnd Howe stroota. Phone
Bey.  891.	
ployesi, Local 38—Meets every second
Wednesday ln the month it 2:80 p.m.
sad every foarth Wednesday in the month
at 8:30 p.m. President, John Cummlnfs,
■tore' j end baalneia tgent, A. Graham.
Offlce and meeting htll, 441 Seymour St.
%. Phone Sey. 1881. Offlce hours, 8
fta. to fl p.
Association,    Local    88-62—Offlce sod
fcsll,   163   Cordovt  St.   W.    Meets  first
SBd third   Fridays,   8   p.ra.    Seeretsry*
treaiurer,  T.  Niion;   busineu agent,  P.
«•' Union—Meeti 2nd and 4th Mon-
days. President, J. E. Dawson, 1646 Yew
fit., Kitsilano; aecreUry, B, T. Kelly,
I860 Hutings St. E.; recording secretnry,
t. Holdsworth, 639— 14th Bt. W., North
Vtn couver.
WORKERS Dept. of the 0. B. U.-~
An Industrial union of all workera in logging tnd construction camps. Coast District tnd Oenersl Headquartera, 81 Cordovt St. W., Vancouver. B. 0. Phone Bey.
T866. B. Winch, genertl aecreUry-
treasurer; legal sdvlien, Mesns. Bird,
Maedonald * Co., Vincouver, B. Oj auditors, Messrs. Bntttr 4 Chiene, Vtneonver, B. C.
—Afflliated with Tradea and Labor Coundl tnd Theatrical Federation, Vancouver.
President, J. R. Foiter; secreUry tnd
treaeurer, T. W. Stpsted. Offlce and meeting room, 810 London Building, Pender
Bt. W. Regular meeting night, first
Bunday In etch month it 7:30 p.m. Business Agent, W. Woolridge.   Phone Frtser
387L.       ■
Pattern   makers'   league   of
North America (Vancouver tnd vicinity) — Brinch meet! second and fourth
Mondaya, 819 Pender Bt. W. President,
Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave., North Vtneonver; flntneltl iecretary, E. Goddtrd.
166 Richards Street; recording secretary,
J. D. Russell, Booth Rd., McKay P. 0.,
Burnaby. B. 0.        .
Brotherhood of painters, deco-
rttors And Paperhangers of America,
Local 189, Vincouver—Meets Snd tnd
4th Thursdays st 148 Cordovt St. W,
Phone Sey. 8491. Buiineu agent, R. A
Zinoviev'N Report
The trade unions are at present
the organizations In which the controversy between the Social Revolution and bourgeois social-democracy ls being finally fought out, not
only In Russia, but on an International scale. This is especially
manifest in those countries in
which the bourgeois ls in powor,
because there the social democrats
have shifted the centre of the struggle on an international scale to the
field of the trade union movement.
It Is no exaggeration to say that
nine-tenths of the whole Btruggle
waged at present by the Communist International, wtll ln the near
future be carried on ln and round
the trade unions. The trade union
movement on an International scale
Is the last foothold of International
Menshevlsm; and to conquer Men<
shevlsm In the trade union movement, will mean our final victory
over the bourgeoisie. The trade
unions are the largest organisation
of the workers that the history
of the Labor movement has known.
That Is why the struggle of the social-traitors on an international
scale is waged within their boundaries.
The trade unions are the back'
bone of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Without the trade unions,
aB was correctly stated by Comrade Lenln, our revolution would
not have lasted for two weeks. The
trade unionB are the most Important element of proletarian dictatorship, but this doeB not mean that
tho unions themselves are a direct
instrument of the dictatorship. No,'
for thiB purpose we have the State,
we have the .Soviets backed by the
party. The trade unions have other
functions to accomplish; first of
all, they carry out the rough work
of organizing the working masses,
and they begin the great work of
educating the workers ln the proletarian, and then in the purely
Communism, in which we are to
educate millions of trade unions.
We must not deal carelessly with
these vast organizations. We must
remember that these organizations
have their specific and important
tasks, which consist, in the flrst
plaoe, in the work of directing the
masses Into the current of the organized proletarian movement, of
attracting Into that movement the
millions of non-party workers. We
must remember that we have at
present seven millions workers organized, and badly organized, In
the trade unions. This Is all we
have in the enormous territories
of our country.
In order that the seven million
members of the trade unions may
influence the peasantry and draw it
closer to themselves, we must have
the fullest unity ln the camp of
this trade union movement. There
can be no talk of our being able to
carry out. the dictatorship of the
proletariat, lf wo do not pay the
greatest attention to the trade
unions. Every one should comprehend thut we must regard the
trade unions as an enormous laboratory of Communism, in which we
are to educate millions of the workers, and without which there can
be no talk of the serious education
of the workers.
Now I shall touch upon the question of democracy of production.
In my opinion, It Is an empty combination of words, which conveys
no Intelligible, meaning at all. At
our last All-Russian Party conference, we attached specal emphasis
to the question of labor democracy.
The difficulty does not lie in the
fact that we weakened our democracy white the war was going on.
That was necessary. It would be
bad If, now that the war is ended,
our party h»-Hltated and waited.
But the party immediately took the
coui-hc of restoring Labor demur
racy. We say that we are revolu
ttonlsts, and, as soon as conditions
changed, it was our duty to be the
flrst to put forward this question
and solve It together with the
party. This to the way we put the
question of democracy in work.
At the same time a new term
Was introduced; "democracy of
production " Of course, production
Is Ihe most Important thing at pios-
ent. None of ua doubts tl-at it Is
the most Important problem ai
present. But ln order to solve this
economic question, it is not nt al)
necessary to resort to tangled and
vague terms. It ij true thnt at elections we shall have to put the question: Do you understand anything
about economy; are you able to organize? But we say that this will
be the only question which we shall
put to the candidate. We require
some political traits, Party oxpet'l--
ence, ami the ability to organize,
etc. I maintain, that the term ' democracy of produetion" Is lacking
In sense, and ls a false term, only
likely to breed confusion In the
Party. It points to no firm course;
lt does not help us to gr.iup the
situation as It is. We say that In
the same way as we educate the
fighter, the Red Army man, the
commissar, we shall also educate
the trade-unionist, the economist,
the man who can accomplish something real for the improvement of
the conditions of the working class.
I return to the state of things in
the trade unions at present. There
are very many people who say that
of the 0. B. U, meets on the fint tnd
third Wednesday ot every month. All
members in this dlitrlet in invited to
in Bridgemen, DerrJckmen md Riggers
Sf Vtncotver tnd vicinity. MerU every
Mondty, I p.m., in 0. B. U. Hall, 804
finder  flt.   W.   President,  A.  Brooke;
^social iicrottry tnd business igcnt, W.
ekor.   Phono,  Seymoar 281.	
Meeta list  Sundty of itch month tt
I p.m.    Preildent,   A.   E.   Robb;   vice
Rsident,  0. H.  Collier;  secretary-treas
r,  R. H.  Neelands,  Boi 00.
~lvla.on, Bo.  101
Mount Pletsir*
President, P. A. Hoovir, 1400 Clirka
i; neordlng-
447—fith Avenne Eist; treaiurer,
Cleveland; flntneltl-secretary tnd bullion Sgent, W. H. Cottrell, 4UU8 Dum-
Mil Street; oflico corner Prior tad Main
■tl.   Phone Ftlr 8604R.
Employen,   Pioneer Division,  Bo.   101
.-Meets A. 0, F. Htll, Mount Pletsir
III sad 8rd Mondays at 10.16 a.m. an*
M, President, f. A, Hoovir, 1400 Clirl
Privi; neordlng-aeeretary, F. E, Griffin,
Provincial Unions
tad Ltbor Council—Mdetl Int tad
third Wedneidiyi, Knlgbu of Pythlti
Hall, North Park Street, tl 8 p.m. President, C. Slverti; vice-president, R. Elliott; lecrotary-treaiurer, E. S. Wood-
ward, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
Seoretary-treasurer,  N.   Booth,  Box  217,
Princo Rupert.
PBINOE   RUPERT  0.   B.   U.—Seow
ttry-treasurer, N. Booth, Box 217, Prinoe
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meeti every Tuei-
dty in the Mclntyre Hill tt 8 p.m. Meet-
inn open to all 0. B. U. memberi. Bat*
nUrytretaurer, N. Booth, Box 21T
Princo Rnpert, B. 0.
the trade unions are going through
a crisis just now. It is with this
that Comrade Trotsky starts out.
Of course nobody would say that
ln our trade unlona everything Ib
perfectly correct. On the contrary,
the apparatus of the trade unions
is very weak, but this is only because we have not given them sufficient attention. We should have
the right to ask more of the trade
unions, if we had given them as
much of our attention and love, as
we have given to the Revolutionary
War Council of the Republic. It ls
true that the trade unions are weak
owing to the civil war and our Inattention to them. But the trado
unions exist, and during the three
years of the dictatorship they have
rendered ue great services. However lt may have been they held
together the masses, and non-partisan and semi-partisan masses that
were feeling their way to us, they
held them together, kept them In
their organization, and, in one way
or another, they contributed to the
fact that these masses are for us.
We should consider the trade union movement In Its present state
as a result of three years of war
strain, when ths Party could not
sufficiently care for them. We are
dealing with transitional forms of
the trade union movement, and we
should see not only Its weak points
but its great and strong aspects
as well, assets which have proved
a support for the proletarian dls-
tatorship during the past year. We
Bhall how start out to refine this
apparatus and to strengthen It. I
will quote figures to show what the
trade uniona have accomplished, ln
spite of the difficult conditions under which they were obliged to
work. In 1919, when a special mobilization, besides all other mobilizations, was mado of tho members
of the trade unions, 79,368 men
came forward. The number of the
members of the food-supply detachments mobilized by the trade
unions during thc flrst year exceeded 80,000, and alt this was accomplished while the number of all
the responsible administration
workers of the trade unions, including the All-Russian Central
Council of the Trade Unions, was,
according to latest data, not more
than 1,313.
We now approach the basic and
most important question, which Is
the main point in the controversy.
Our trade unions have been little
engaged in production—this is true.
Our trade unions should Increaso
their participation in production—
this Is also true. Our trade unions
should start out to become more
fused with the State organs—this
is true, also. But everything following this is absolutely confusion,
an absolute misunderstanding of
what the trade unions could and
should be at the present moment.
Fusion is certainly necessary. We
do not oppose fusion on points of
principle—it is the decision of the
Party Congress. The question ls
how this fusion Is to be carried out
The Ninth Congress of the Party
pointed out the way of fusing the
trade unions with the Soviet organs. In the resolutions of the
Congress there is a special chapter
devoted to the forms of the participation by trade unions In production. This chapter dwells at length
on these forms, beginning with the
shop committees and ending with
the councils of public economy.
Practical methods for accomplishing this fusion, and the way in
which the trade unions should participate in working out the programmes of production are alBO
pointed out. But if you understand
by fusion, that the unions should
be completely welded and fused
with the organs of the. State, we
do not wont it, and the trade un
Ions do not want it, and they are
perfectly right. They do not want
this kind of fusion, because' it
would mean the absolute destruction of the trade union movement,
which we must keep up in order
to accomplish the Dictatorship of
the Proletariat.
I declare openly that I am
against the Immediate turning of
the trade unions into organs of the
State, and a great part of the Central Committee is also against it.
We have more State organizations
than we want. We have organizations for compulsion and for everything you can think of. We know
that we have had not yet cleared
our State organization of bureaucracy.
What is the position of the working class in Russia? We have 700,-
000 members of thc Party and 7,-
000,000 members of the trado unions. It ls an enormous mass of
non-partisan workers still connected with the villages. When are we
going to educate them? Why
should we turn tho trade uniona into State institutions? I have seen
a leaflet about Illegal trade unions
which the Rlght-Social-Revolutlon-
arles intend to organize. I have no
doubt that they will fall. But don't
you think that by turning the trade
unions Into State institutions we
should only assist the Right Social
Revolutionists? I am sure that
such would be the caae. Every
comrade will confirm the statement
that by such a policy we should
only assist them.
It is in our power to give the
trade unions an opportunity to play
a greater role In production. Comrade Trotsky maintains that the essential traits of the trade unions
In bourgeois society have become
superflous. This is not quite right.
The necessity for striking has become superfluous. But there Is still
the necessity for educating the
workers in the spirit of Communism, there ls still the need to maintain the revolutionary organization
of the wide non-partisan masses.
We should never forget that the
trade unions represent 7,000,000
workers, and only when the relations between the trade unionB and
the Party are based on a mutual
understanding of the tasks of the
trade unions shall we be really in
a position to accomplish the dictatorship and build up our economy.
Trotsky's Report.
The role and significance of the,
trade unions ahould be considered
In the light of the developed and
strengthened Communist Revolution, and lt ls evident that ths defi
nition of the trade union, the definition of Its tasks, Ib different now
from what it was before. The old
definitions are not sufficient to .embrace and determine the tasks bf
the trade unions in the workers''
State, In a society which is parsing,
from bourgeois to Communist re-'
lations. '■ B  . f
"The trade unions are a school of
Communism—no doubt. But what
of the Soviets of the workers' meetings, congresses, non-partisan conferences of workers and peasants—
are thee not also schools of Communism? It would be very bad if
the various organizations and the
Soviets, while carrying out their
regular work, did not at the same
time serve as schools of Communism. Perhaps the trade unions are
a broader school of Communism.
But what Is the qualitative difference between them and mass meetings, clubs, non-partisan confer
ences, etc.? What ls the primary
.difference between them? Why are
the unionB constructed as unions of
production ? The definition
school of Communism" ls a very
valuable, theoretically and practl
cally correct definition, but we
should take care not to turn this
definition into an empty commonplace phrase, which people use
without realizing lis real significance.
What should be the difference
between my work in the trade unionB and my work at any meeting
of workers? We havo heard no answer to this.
We have to face the question:
What are the workers to do who
are ln the trade uniona and are
called upon to manage them? In
the report of Comrade Zlnoviev
there was not a single word about
this. There was not a single word
about what a Communist should do
in his trade tlnion, what work he
Is to carry out, what contents he
should put Into his propaganda
work.      v
I am reminded of the decisions
of the Ninth Congress of the Party,
If you would only consider these
decisions from the standpoint of
the experience of our workers during the past year, there should be
no differences between us. The essence of the problem is that the
decisions of the Ninth Congress,
which were an important step as
compared with the previous decisions, should be subject to revision
now. On the one hand we should
make a new step forward, and on
the other, we should deal with the
problem of the trade unions, along
broader and more concrete ' lines
and on a basis of principle. -'"'' "''
There was much talk about the
fact that the trade unions participated in the mobilisation for the
front, and for the food-supply campaigns, and statistical data have
been cited to this effect.
Comrades, it is quite evident that,
since the working class Is the basis
and the support of the dictatorship
of the Soviet State, every organisation and institution which has need
of workers, must get them from the
ranks of the trade unions, which
enclose theoretically at least, the
whole working class. And it is
quite evident that, when the Party
had nee.d of 500,000 — 700,000
workers, only the trade unions
could give them. The unions expended their forces to create the
different military and food-supply
organizations, and so they weakened themselves. But was this the
role of the trade unions; was this
their destination? During the period when the trade unions mobilized their members, the whole attention of the Soviet State and of
the Party was directed to the front.
During that period the unions were
becoming weaker, they were deprived of their best workers, the
apparatus became exceedingly poor
because everything was given for
the front.
Now, can we determine the work
of the trade unions by their mobilization for the front, for the food-
supply work? This ia absolutely incorrect.
No doubt we must preserve the
unity of the trade unions. 'My
standpoint is, in my opinion, an expression of the development of the
primary postulate of this problem,
the postulate of our Party programme as to the role of the trade
unions which should master the
whole of production, and become
fused with the corresponding organs of the workers' State. From
this standpoint the problem is so
great that it should be made the
wark of a whole historical epoch.
It Is a problem of educating every
worker of the party, of the trade
uniona, and every worker in general to the full consciousness of
tho new role, the new nttitude of
the working class to production Itself, and to the main task at present before the working class—the
organization of production no Communist bases.
And here we approach the question of the role of the trade unions ns aitch. What is a member
of a trade union? Comrade Zino
vlcv has made no reply to, this
question. What was a member of
the trade union in the bourgeois
Bociety, and what is he all ovit tht
world? He Ib a worker who Join*
the union Individually because he
has learned by the experience of
his life, by the experience of some
strike or lockout, how necessary It
Is for him to have a collective organization. The joining of a trade
union marks an epoch In the Ufe
of the individual worker; lt Introduces him to the collective struggle
for his class.
I ask, do we observe this fact in
our present conditions? Nothing of
the kind. With us, every one who
Is working at a factory becomes a
member of the trade unions b)[. the
mere fact of his so working.
I ask, what are our present day
trade unionB? On the whole they
represent not subjective but objective groups. A subjective group we
call one which everybody Joins consciously, after having come to the
conclusion that it is necessary. Such
were the trade unions before the
Revolution. But since then the
trade unions have been made to Include every worker. As soon as a
man or woman starts to work at
any industrial enterprise, he or she
automatically becomes a member
of the trade union. They have become members of the union not
consciously, not from any subjective motives.
We ought clearly to understand
what is going ort. There is a certain small cadre of leading worksrs In the trade union movement.
They enjoy the confidence of th*
, older members of the trade unions.
Then there are three-quarters, or
a half, or quarter, and In some
places even nine-tenths of so-called
members of the unions who are not
connected with the unions personally, subjectively. Previously, we
used to be connected with the trade
unions through the strike-committees. The strike-committees managed the strikes, which were the
greatest event In the life of every
particular group of workers. It
would be the greatest disaster lf
the workers thought that this connection, which was created during
the fight against the bourgeois society, Is the very connection which
should determine the sense of the
movement and Its work under our
preaent conditions too. No, Comrade Zinoviev himself and others
have pointed out that during the
period just concluded the trade unions became merely enlistment bureaus for the front. It was a great
work; It corresponded lo the need
of the moment. In connection with
this work, a general class propaganda was carried on, which had nothing to do with the special problems of production.
What should be the basis of the
trade unions In a workers' State?
Nothing else than participation ln
production, the organization of the
workers for production itaelf. In
the midst of the working masses,
a new productive atmosphere must
be created. The same exertion and
interest which was manifested ln
regard to the fronts, where,, as we
know, the fate of Soviet Russia
depended on the steadiness of each
section of the line—the same exertion and intereat should be manifested In regard to the economlo
front. It ls only In this sense that
we talk of an atmosphere of production. This atmosphere must be
created. What we are doing now Is,
ln its essence, only a first Instalment of the work, the educational
activity that we muat develop, If
we want to change, at every factory, the attitude of the wolrkers
toward their work.
And here we come-to the essence
of the problem. Huve the workers
this productive education? No.
Previously, the task of both the
revolutionary and opportunist unions was limited to the necessity of
exerting a certain pressure on capital, for higher wages and a shorter
work day, for a larger share ln the
sum total of the wealth produced.
This Was the practical work of the
trade unions In bourgeoia society
and it was also the basis of the
work of the revolutionary trade unions, which also developed an agl-
, tational-educational activity. And I
ask, what Bhould replace these
bases now? We should say at
every factory that, in a workers'
State, there Is no more need to exert pressure on the State. In order
to protect the interests of the tollers, we should Increase the productivity of labor, improve the technique. And now I ask: Has our
working class acquired the habit
of thinking not of how to defeat
capital, but of how to use Its time
at the given machine or In the
given factory ln the best way, In
the Interest of higher production?
Of course, some individual workers may have acquired this habit.
But we want to make it the habit
of the whole mass of the workers.
It we try to find what It Is that
fills up the life of the trade unions,
we must admit that the whole work
going on ln Soviet Russia Is being
accomplished outside the trade unions. We have arrived at the conjunction of the economic Commissariats for- the sake of this systematic economy. But do we observe
In the trade unions a development
corresponding to this apparatus?
The tro,de unions are staying outside of the work, and they are satisfied with being a school of Communism.
We must have fusion. We should
accomplish this seriously and systematically. Fusion means that the
organs of the trade unions should
gradually become welded together.
What does the Council of Public
Economy represent at present? It
represents Communists who have
specialized in the work of production, but we havo no workers connected with the organizations of
the producers, which should be
represented by the trade union. On
the other hand, we have representatives of the trade union movement
which is still to be turned Into a
mass organiaztlon of production.
These two groups should become
fused together.
Of course, this would not give
us an immediate solution of the
problem. But It would give ub the
direction in which the trade unions
should develop In their relation to
the soviet economic organs. Otherwise we shall only be allowing disunion to develop. It Is not a matter of nationalizlngg the unions In
twenty-four hours. ThlB Is nonsense. It Is only a matter of taking
our course toWard nationalization.
But what should be the basis of
our work? We ought to work on
the basis of direct productive construction, on. the basis of turning
the workers' democracy Into a democracy of production. These are
not phrases only. What Is our
State? It Is not a permanent organization. Our State must become
a Commune. During the transitional stageB, political democracy and
workers' democracy which includes
both Is gradually turning Into a
democracy of production, ln the degree that we apply these terms to
the Party and trade unions.
The Party will always correct the
work of the trade union worker.
Comrade Zinoviev saya that thiB
should not be done In a sudden
manner. Certainly. But the taak of
which I speak; Productive education, fusion of the trade unions In
their leading links, construction of
trade uniona along the lines of productive problems, the education of
every single worker with a view
to the new attitude toward production,—all this ls a task for a very
long period.
Lenin's Speech
The trade unions are not only
an historically necessary but
historically Inevitable form of the
movement of the industrial pro
letariat, a form which, under conditions of proletarian dictatorship,
Includes almost the whole proletariat. ThlB ls the primary postulate^ and from this we conclude
that the trade unionB play an essential role ln the accomplishment
of the dictatorship by the proletariat.   But wttat Is this role?
On the one hand the trade unions, including within the limits of
their organisation the Industrial
workers, are an organization of the
ruling class, of the clasa which bu
and Work Boots
XJ OT the ordinary cheaply made boots that will ruin your feet in
* ^ the wearing, but boots that are hand lasted and fitted, made of
soft pliable oil tan leather by well-paid workmen who know their
work. These boots do not require breaking in but are comfortable
from the time you start wearing them. They are guaranteed to hold
caulks because the sole leather used is of the very best quality. They
have Paris' own special heel and arch to prevent broken down shanks
and turned counters. Not boots made to compete with cheap grades
but boots that have every require ment needed to make the very best.
Write for catalogue and price list. We can ship your order the
same day as received except where made to measure.
class which accomplished State
compulsion. But the trade unions
themselves are not a State organization, they are not an organization of compulsion. They are an
educational organization—a school,
a school of managing, a school of
economy, a school of Communism;
It Is a school of an uncommon
type, because ln lt we have to deal
with the odd combination of remnants of capitalism, with new
forms and new features bom out
of the dictatorship of the revolutionary vanguard of the proletariat. When we talk of the role of
the trade unions, we should always
bear ln mind this particular nature
of theirs, otherwise we shall alwaya
be In danger of arriving at false
We are at present confronted
with the problem of how to approach the masses, how to become
connected with them. Now, where
does the, divergence of opinion
come in?
According to Trotsky, the defence of the material ahd spiritual
interests of the working class-ls
not a task for the trade unions in
a Workers' State. Comrade Trotsky talks of a 'Workers' State."
But this ls an abstract idea. When
we wrote about a Workers' State
in 1917, It waa quite Justified. But
when you say: "Why and agalnat
whom defend the working class, lf
there Ib no longer bourgeoisie, If
we have a workers' State?" then
we reply: "Not quite a Workers'
State." As a matter of fact, our
State Is not of the workers, but of
the workers and peasants. This ls
the flrst thing. And this means a
great deal. But It Is not all. The
very programme of our Party
Bhows that we have a Workers'
State with too much bureaucracy.
It was a disagreeable necessity for
us to put this label on our State.
This ls the reality of the transitional period. Now, would you Bay that
there Is no need for the trade unions to defend the material and
spiritual interest of the working
class In this bureaucratic State?
In reality the State Is such, that
the fully organized proletariat Ib in
a position to defend Itself, and we
should make use of these labor organizations for defence against
their own State, by a peculiar
blending of our State measures and
by agreement and fusion with the
trade unions. This word "fusion"
shows, that lt would be a blunder
to mnke an enemy of soviet trade-
unionism; because thore are differ
ent kinds of fusion, nnd the idea of
fusion implies also something
which should Btlll be made use of
by the State Oovernment, viz., the
defense of the material and spiritual Interests of the fully organized
working clasa against. thiB State
Now I shall dwell on "productive democracy." The more I think
of this "democracy of production,"
the more I see the theoretical fault-
Iness of it.
Production is always necessary.
Democracy, however, Is a category
of thought and a political one at
that. We can have no objection to
using this term In a speech or a
newspaper article. But It sounds
quite strange, when you attempt to
make a thesis out of lt, or put it
forward aa a slogan to unite all
those who do or do not agree. Production Is always necessary. Not
so democracy. "Productive democracy" leads to ideas whtch are
absolutely faulty.
Then comes the question of
fusion, The best thing would be
to keep silent on this point of
fusion just now. "Speech Is sliver,
silence IS golden." For we have
tried fusion. There is-not a single
provincial council of public economy of any Importance In which
fusion has not been tried In one
way or another. But did It prove
We should learn from experience
how fusion was worked and what
was accomplished by lt.
We entered the course of fusion,
ahd I do not doubt but that lt was
a correct step, but we had not
studied the experiment well
enough.   Therefore It Is the wisest
policy not to talk at all about
fusion just now.
We should learn from experience. We have no doubt made
many blunders. In the same way
the greatest part of our decrees
should, perhaps, be changed. I
agree with this and I am not
especially ln love with decrees.— '
Russian Press Review, January It,
SAVE MONEY by uiinf
Smaller Grades of
Stove $12.50 Toi
The demand for thie coal Is
proof of the quality.
This Is the best HOUSEHOLD
COAL In Vancouver, bar
McNeill, Welch &
Phone Sey. 404-64
Shoe Repairing
By Machinery
H the modern wty and ll la
accordance with the age. Aal
in no other lint la it mora tn*
thtt "whtt mtn can do, me*
chines can do better." Toa
have only to htve a pair of
ahoea repaired hare to ahow
how true thtt la. Tha old
cobbling daya tn nearly dona.
Hen's Soled and Heeled.... 12.25
Woman's " **   ....$1.71
See our prlcaa far Men'a Sheet.
Walk a few bloofca tnd aave a
faw * t *
Webb Shoe Co.
Between Helmcken and Nelson
Knowledge Is Power
The following books on working-class history and economics are to be
given away as prizes among our readers who take the time and effort to
help increase our circulation. Anybody can get subscriptions among
their workmates or neighbors if tney take up the subject with those who
are not absolutely antagonistic towards working-class progress.
Try your hand at sub-hustling and when you have sent in a total of
ten or more subs you can have your choice of the following:
Ancient Society   _ 	
Critique of Political Economy   l..(Marx)
Essays on the Materialistic Conception of	
History  (Labriola)
Landmarks of Scientific Socialism (Engles)
Philosophical Essays	
Positive Outcome of Philosophy.
Socialism and Philosophy —	
History of Canadian Wealth.
Physical Basis of Mind and Morals.
The Students Marx	
... (Dietzgen)
.... (Dietzgen)
Ji (Labriola)
accomplished IU dl. tatorihlp, thl
Those sending in 30 subscriptions can have a choice of any three of the above.
Those sending in 20 subscriptions can have a choice of any two, and those sending
in ten subscriptions can have a choice of any one of the above books. A oopy of "Bed
Europe," by Anstey, or a copy of the "Economic Causes of War," by Leckie, will be
sent to every one sending in Ave subscriptions.
A special prize will be given to the one sending in
the most new subscriptions before May 1st.
Two half-yearly subs will be counted as one yearly.
Subscription price, $2.50 per year, $1.50 half year.
Help the Fed and Build Up Your Library
/ t   FR1PAT ;.-.-........Aprn 11.  Wt
thirthbnththau. Nan THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST  vakooovbr,a.a
Whist Drive and
To be held in the PENDER HALL on.
Friday, April 29tfc
'   In Aid of The Federationist Maintenance Fund
Good Orchestra and Good Prizes
for Whist
Admission: Gents 50c, Ladies 25c
In view of the repeated requafa. of our readen we publi-h
again the Bed Flag and the Internationale.     _   -„
TBI Bitf MAO   :
(By James: Connell)'
The people's flag is deepest red,
It shrouded oft, our'martyred deadi
And ere their limbs giiiw' stiff and cold
Their life blood dyed it» every fold.
Then raise the scarlet standard high,
Beneath its folds, w6*U live and die,
Though cowards flinth and traitors sneer,
We'll keep the red flag flying here.
Look 'round, the. Frenchman love its blase,
The sturdy German chants its praise;
In Moscow's vaults, its hymns are sung,
Vancouver swells its surging song.
It waved above our infant might
When all ahead seemed dark as night;
It witnessed many a deed and vow,
We will not change its color now.
It suits today, the meek and base
Whose minds are fixed on pelf and place;
To cringe beneath; the rich man's frown,
And haul that sacred emblem down.
With heads uncovered, swear we all,
To bear it.o_twftrd"till-we fall;
* Come dungeoi($ datk, or gallows grim,
This song shall be our parting hymn!
Guaranteed Coal
H our eoal is not satis,
factory to you, after you
have thoroughly tried it
out, we will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
You to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymou 1441 end Ufe
W. E. Fenn's School
Phones:  Soy. 101—Sey. 30S8-O
Social Dances Monday, Wednesday and Saturday.
Ualon Officials, writs for . rlc.i.    We
On nd after Ju. 1.1920, ve will be
looted at lit. BOWS ST.
West Virginia Legislature to Aid in
Convicting 16 Miners on a
Harder Charge
After the 14 striking miners and
Bid Ha Meld, chief of police, found
not guilty ot murdering Albert
Felts, the detective chief in the
battle of Matewan of a year ago,
were acquitted, the West Virginia
Legislature promptly passed a Jury
bill, which permits the taking of a
Jury for a criminal case from any
county of the state. As the men
acquitted of killing Felts are held
under indictment for the deaths
of the other gunmen who fell in
the Matewan flght. lt is assumed
that the stato officials propose to
go into the territory absolutely
dominated by the coal barons—
either Logan or McDowell counties—to get a Jury with which ti
convict them in the next trial.
Hold Social and Dance Ho Aid
Federatlonist Maintenance
Fund .
An enjoyable whist drive and
dance was given by the Oil Refinery
Workers' Union In the a O. C. F.
HaU on Tuesday evening. Fourteen
tables at whist kept the card players busy In their quest of the prises
at stake from t until 10 p.m. The
loco four-piece orchestra then gave
the dancers a good time until 2 a.
m. The ladies who assisted by
bringing cakes and serving a splendid supper will be pleased to know
that by their efforts the Federationist Maintenance fund wilt receive
a boost.
If you want some sample copies
of this paper for your neighbors,
call around to the offlce and get
ThiB Official List of Vancouver Allied Printing Offices
BLOOHBEBOEB, P. B„ 819 Broadway Eut.—  -Fairmont 208
B  O PBINTINO A LITHO. CO., Smj. the and Homor. Seymour 8238
oi'fiZEH, The,   1*51  Broadway W     » Bayview  857
CL.AKK ft STUABT, 320 Seymour Btreet U. « Seymour 8
COWAN ft BROOKHOUSE, Labor Temple Building Seymour 44&3
DUNSMU1B PBINTINO CO.,  487 Dummulx  Street  -.Seymour 1106
EVANS ft HASTINGS, 578 Soymour Street - ...Seymour 18ft
JEFFERY.  \V.  A..  2168  Parker Street-  Hinhland 1137
LATTA,  B.  P.,   World  Building  Seymour 1088
MAIN PBINTINO Co., 8851 Main Street Fairmont 1888
MoLENNAN, McFEELT, 119 Cordova Street Eaat „ ......; Seymour 6080
MORRIS, J. F., 528 Oranvllle Street  - Beymour 88
MURPHY, CHAPMAN,  798 Granville Stroet  ...Soymour 718
NORTH SHORE PRESS, North Vancouver  _ N. Van.  80
PACIFIC PRINTERS, 500 Beatty Street Seymour 0-0%
ROKDDE, O. A., 616 Homer Street _  Seymour 264
SUN JOB PRESSES, 137 Pender Street West   Soymour 41
TECHNICAL PRESS,  Mines Building, Homer Street  Seymour 3826
TIMMS, A. H., 280 Fourteenth Avenue East  .Fairmont 621B
WABD, ELLWOOD ft CO., 818 Homer Street —Seymour 1515
WE8TEEN SPECIALTY CO., 572 Oranvllle Street Seymour 8526
WHITE ft BINDON, 528 Pender Streot Wost .. 8«ymour 1214
Write "Union Lahal" on Tour Copy Whsn Ton Sand It to tha Printer
(By Eugene dottier)
Arise, ye prison^ of starvation I
Arise, ye wretched of the earth,
For justice thunders condemnation,
A better world's in birth.  '
No more tradition's chains shall bind at,
Arise, ye slaves.; no" more in thrall I
The earth shall rise on new foundations,
We have been naught, we shall be all.
'_.; ;  BEPRAIN:
'Tis the final conflict,"
Let each stand in his place,
The International. Party
'"S%ir be the human race.
We want no condescending saviors, i
To rule us froija, a'judgment-hall;
We workers ask not for theiy favors;
Let us consult for all.
To make the thief disgorge his booty,
To free the spirit from its cell,
We must ourselvea.decide Our duty,
We must decide and do it well.
The law oppresses'usj,ai. <J. tricks us,
Wage systems drain .our. blood;
The rich are free tfp—> obligations,
The laws the p»o^elfld&'
Too long we've languished in subjection,
Equality has other_l«Mis;
"No rights," says shle;i'<? without their duties,
No claims on equiB'Hv.thout cause."
^Behold them seated iiii their glory,
The kings of mine jwd rail and soil i
What have you read in. all their story,
But how they.plllindered toil T i
Fruits of theworkersfjpll^are buried
In the strong:cO-fcjtftjTa few;  '-,'■     -
Ia working for ther! restitution
The men will nflly,*Sk their due.
Toilers from shops and fields united,
> The union we of. all who work;
The earth belongs to us, the workers,
No room here for the shirk.
How many on our flesh have fattened!
But if the noisotoe birds of prey
Shall vanish from the sky some morning,
The blessed sunlight still will stay.
Mexican Oil Profits
(By Arthur Thomson)
While aome of the producers of
Mexican petroleum are telling you
how they aro being robbed by
Mexican oil laws and taxes, juat
take a glance at the profits of one.
oil company doing business in
Mexico, the Mexican Eagle,
According to the company's re-.
port for the fiscal year, June 30,
1919, to June. 30, 1920, the proflt
was $27,829,600, or nearly double
that of the previous year. It-paid
a dividend of 60   per   cent     Not
These Firms Advertise in the Federationist
You Can Help the Paper By Patronizing Them
Here They Are, Indexed for You
Mr. Union Man, Cut This Out and Give It to Your Wife
....18 Halting- Btreet Weat
...Hastings Street Eut
Lovo & Co 670 Soymour Street
Tiadalla Limited	
Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Booms)	
Boots and Shoes
Pierre Paria 4        M Hastings Btreet West
I MacLachlan-Taylor Company 61 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros, te Clarke - 56 Hastlnga Street West
Boot and Shoe Repairing;
Pierre Parte _. 64 Hastlnga Street WeBt
New Method Shoe Repairing 337 Carrall Street
Books and Periodicals
International Book Shop Corner Hastings and Columbia Streeta
Chiropractors and Drugless Healers"
► Downle Sanitarium, Ltd 16th Flobr*Standard Bank Bldg.
Dr. Lee Holder 74 Fairfield Building
' Dr. H. Waltpn 810-311 Carter Cotton Bldg, 198 Hastings St. W.
i Vancouver X-Ray Institute 614 Standard Bank Building
Clothing and Men's Outfitting
f t>. K. Book .'. .'137 Hastings W.
Clumans, Ltd. ., .163 Hastings Street West
Clubb ft Stewart 809-316 Hastings Btreet Weat
i Wm. Dick Ltd. S 8-4» Haatings Streot Beat
C. D. Bruce .'. 401 Hastings Street West
New Tork Outfitting Co 143 Hastings Btreet West
W. B. Brumitt ~~ ! Cordova Street
Kirk ft Co., Ltd...... ..—.. -20 Main St., Soymour 1441 and 4flB
Canadian Wood and Coal Co 1440 Oranvllle Street, Phono Sey. 6290
McNeill, Weloh & Wilson 430 Cambie St. Phones Sey. 404-406-408.
Dancing Lessons
W. — Fenn Dancing Sohool..............	
 Cotillion Hall
Dr. Brett Anderson ...
Dr. W. J. Curry	
Britannia Beer...
Cascade Beer......
Van Bros.	
 602 Hastings West
—301 Dominion Building
....Westminster Brewery Co.
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
.,' Ciders nnd wines
Diy Goods
Famous Cloak ft Suit Co   :. 683 Hastings Street Weat
Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd. 48 Hastinga East and 788 Oranvllle Street
Funeral Undertakers
Harron Bros ; 2398 Oranvillo Street
Mount Pleasant Undertaking Co. ......  233 Klngswav
Nunn and Thomson _. .31 Homer Street
Bastings Furniture Co...
...41 Hastinga Stroet Weat
Home Furniture Co 416 Main St., Phone Sey| 1297.
"Blatera" (three stores) Hastings, GranvUle and Main Streets
Cal Van Market    Hastings St. W.
Calhoun's, Ltd _ 61 Hastings Street Bast
Black and White Hat Shop —_._ Hastings and Abbott
O. B. Allan 480 Oranvllle Street
Masseurs, Etc.
M. F, Bby, B.A., M.B., 999 Broadway Wut
Printers and Engravers
Cowan ft Brookhouse  1129 Howe Straet
Stanley Steam Taxi Co.
Empress .........
Taxi Service
Theatres and Moviea
, Oroheum .
114 Abbott Street
si Pant'gM
pro His from 1911 to 1920 amounted
to $93,014,160. And dividends on
the preferred atock have totalled
206 per cent; on the ordinary
stock 182 per cent.
,The company shipped during the
year 18.000,000 barrels of oil. Since
the report waa made public lt has
shipped 12,000,000 barrels of oil
for half a year, up to the end of
The Mexican Eagle Oil Company
has pipe lines In Mexico 300 miles
in length and a dally capacity of
110,000. barrels, which ls being increased to 140,000 barrels.
Refinery, capacity amounted to
72,000 barrels dally during 1920
and ls being increased to 130,000
All of which does not look so bad
when you consider the way the otl
concerns are being robbed by the
Mexican oil decrees and so forth, to
hear some of them tell it!
This is just a report of ono oil
company. Doheny's petroleum
concerns probably could ahow a
still bigger proflt, as his lntorcnts
are tho largest ln the Mexican
The next time you hear anyone
talking about tho way Mexico robs
and mistreats the oil producers Just
remember thla report. A company
that makos $27,000,000 protlt in
one year ls surely being robbed.
In i-..      .	
Available Members Issue
_ instructions to the
- r     Irish People
I Dublin. — Important decisions
mado by Dull Bireann are made
known, by an ofllcial report Issuod
of a secret session of the parliament, which was held "In the second week of the month" at a place
"There was a full attendance of
available membera," says th* report. (Twonty-flve Sinn Fein M.
P.'s are in jail;)
It waa roported that the Bolfast
boycott had made great progrcHt*
all over the country. The stoppage
of Bolfast goods was rapidly becoming absolute.
Leave was given for the Initiation of an intensive campaign for
the developmental irlah manufactures and the fostering of,. Industrie". ■ WS        "_..■    ,7
'Concurrently a progressive ex-
Several Hundred Million
Dollars Worth of
Gold Roubles
London—A Moscow dispatch to
tht Dally Herald tayt:
"In all ordera to th* amount of
several hundred millions worth of
gold rubles hav* bew placed
abroad by Russia, Lejavo, chief of
the Soviet's board ot foreign trad*,
aaid th* ordera Include 3000 locomotives: 40,000 ar* needed for th*
Russian railroads.
"Asked what quantities of gooda
Rusaia had Cer export, Lejavo aald
considerable amount* wer* avail*
able of furs, wood, aaboutos, hide*,
manganese and flax, and that sine*
conditions had become mor* tattled ther* was a constantly Increasing inflow of exportable gooda
into government warehouses.  -
"Th* interesting question of
dealing with th* 110,000,000 peasants of Russia Lejavo explained
"After the peasant has paid hla
amall tax ln kind to th* government, he will be at liberty to die-
pose of hla surplus. The co-operative societies will prove hla readiest market. Foreign trad* remain*
entirely In the hands of the government, which will Import everything the peasants need and advance to. the co-operative* credit*
out of this Imported merchandise.
Tha co-operativea, la whom Ui*
peasants hav* Btill tremendous
confidence, will then exchange
thea* goods for the peasants' surplus.
"We expect th* co-operative* to
relieve th* government entirely of
the taak of providing for the peasants and, Indeed, all the population except officials, Induatrlal
transport workera and the army.
We ahall try to deal with the cooperative societies In other countriea, and we have already made
a beginning with th* Italian society."
— Our Idea —
wa* to produc* a Logger Boot at a naaonabl* prie*.   And me
hav* *uM*ac_*-L
Ou Mee I* SI5.00 for 10-Inch Top, Mad* »» Tow Hiasaa*
W* Ouarant** Ton a Jit
And giv* you a boot that ta lighter in tteAt*t, taattatt la eaat-
hy, and an durable than any other boot *n th* market
They ar* guaranteed to hold caulk* and an mad* by O.B.IT. help
Bring yonr repair*.   W* can giv* you that aatiafactlon tkat
"yon would expect."
The "New Method11 Shoe Making
and Repairing Ca
Says "American Legion"
Is Puppet of the
(By the Federated Press)
New York—Lieut-Col. A. B. Anderson of New York's "Fighting
Sixty-ninth," who waa "expelled"
by the American Legion ot New
York county several days ago, be.
cause of his participation ln t
meeting here in Madson Square
Garden to protest against the acts
of French black troops in the occupied area on the Rhine; hat replied to the letter of excommunication with a scathing attack on
the Legion. He charges the organization, which he terms "a puppet of the privileged," with having co-operated to crush Labor
unions and with having set Itself
up aB a censor extraordinary to
suppress freedom of speech and of
the press. The Legion has been
turned into a super-government,
he says.
They have been Identified with
many acts of un-American, undemocratic and inimical to soldier interest," the letter charges. "First
they worked to smash organized
Labor and the right to strike. Next,
thoy made the safety of the country depend on breaking Frits
Krcisler's fiddle. Then, as an organization, they discountenanced
the Soldiers' Bonus parade.
"A service man outsido tho misnamed Amorican Legion Is ln the
company of more real soldiers and
better Americana than any ono
who has had the misfortune to belong to your organization."
elusion of certain articles of British
manufacture is to be undertaken,
the prohibition to last until the
British war of aggression upon the
Irish people ceased, the ministry,
through tho department of trade,
to issuo docroes from time to time
naming the prohibited articles and
giving fair notice before enforcement."
A decree was passed authorizing
tho minister of home affairs to forbid tho census proposed to be taken
by the British government as an invasion by an alien authority of tho
rights of tho Irish people.
In silence, all the nicinbr>rs standing, u resolution wus passed, on the
president's motion, recording sympathy with the relatives of the executed men, of all fallen soldiers
and citizens of the republic, and ot
the late Mayor Clancy of Limerick, of ox-Mayor O'Callaghan, nnd
of Joseph O'Donoghue, "the latest
representative Irishman to be murdered by the private assassins of the
BritlHh government."
A World Without Monoy
Bdltor B. a Ftdtratlonlat: Recently whil* aptaklng on th* subject of publie prostitution, I mentioned that In my opinion, th* ua*
o( a handy medium ot exchange,
auch a* mon*y, had a rery Important bearing on th* prevalence at
thl* *vtl and muat alwaya do ao
a* long aa w* hav* money.
On* red In th* audlano* took
emphatic exception to thl* statement.
Then seems ta be room tor a
healthy discussion, and I wonder If
your column* would b* open' for
an expression of opinion on this
My argument I* thl*: Juat a*
long aa it la possible for any ono
to conceal within their purse, th*
medium of exchange, by whloh
they can go into any (tort, at any
time, and purchase th* product*
of labor, ln amount far greater
than th* capabllltlea of on* penon
to produce—Just io long wilt men
and woman ***k to obtain that
medium of exchange by fair mean*
or foul—by th* exploitation of labor—by on* group of workera * x-
polltlng another, by poUtlcal corruption, and even to prostitution.
As long aa distribution by a medium of exchange remains—a*
long aa this temptation ls ao strong,
and apparently ao eaay, can it be
Will th* worker* be satlslled
with th* product* of their own labor, any more than th* mlltlonalr*
te satlslled to cease th* exploitation
of his fellowmen f
I* it possible then that this I*
the seed of destruction which muat
destroy Socialism, too. I* It possible that a visit to a doctor ot
economics would reveal the faot
that we hav* been color blind—did
not know red when w* aaw ltT
I am aaklng these question* advisedly, a* I hav* never given the
subject mor* than a passing
Mor* people would contend that
a system of distribution without a
medium of exchange — where
every man would receiv* according to hi* need—would general* a
dangerous amount ot Indolence.
I doubt It It would. I bellev*
work with the adult to be as spontaneous a* play with the child, and
that people only aeek to avoid lt
when It becomes grinding alavery,
as It muat under the profit syatem.
I believe the aame competitive instinct which prompts the child In
play would prompt the adult In
work, and promote a healthy competition tor honor.
Will all efforts at economic reform be mere palliative until such
time as we Inaugurate a system of
distribution whereby all medium
of exchange will be eliminated.
Will money alwaya be the root of
all evil?
What do others think?
040 Sixth Ave. West,
Calgary, Alberta.
of tho society ara working hud to
develop th* co-operative Idea tl.
thl* locality, and tb* extoutlv* f**l
confident of suocs**.
A dance and mpper 1* to to hold
la Port Moody oa April 11.
Tho now soolety la being Incorporated, aad a ohartar applied toe
Tour* -cpternally,
L. OABNBR, Secretary.
Port Moody, B. O.
April lth. IIH.
•aaa* nurnhaata tat town do aat
tUak yoar aaatpaa I* I
wan* ta Tha BMatatloatM to aa-
wbaa yoa an aboat to aaaka a par-
Port Moody and District Oo-operatlve Society
Editor B. C. Foderationist: At
the last meeting of the directors, I
was Instructed to send a brief nut-
lino of the co-operatve movement
ln this district to The Federatlonist.
Tho stock and equipment of the
Vancouver Co-operative Socioty
has beea purchased by local members, and a new society formed,
under tho above name. The executive consists of: President, T,
Knowles; vice-president, H. As-
son; treasurer, E. J. Miller; secretary, L. Garner; directors, Messrs.
Frasor, JonoB, Boyle. Hull and
Mrs. Lapworth.
Tho oltlcors and other mombers
Auckland, K. %.—N*w Zealand
coal miners ar* demanding a sin-
hour bank-to-bank working day, a
fortnight"• holiday oach y**r oa
full pay, a five-day working woak
and compensation at th* rat* of
full wago* for deknea* or Injury
occasioned   by   working   in   tba
New York.—Seven temporary
Injunction* nan boon l**u*d by
N*w Tork court* againat picketing by th* Amalgamated Clothlag
Worker* of America, tb* Ntw
Tork memben of whloh bava
been locked out by tho employer* for four moath*.
Patron!** F*d Advertize-*.
W,m fer utoaeWe batteries, teste-
hold sad pintail ate, A pore tout*
dlitilliif oat*, ready far asa, t ■&■*,
wlU distill I, I ul I plats ptr haat.
With eseh order v* give free ear 14*
Mlt  booklet  livta*  litttUtaa. tta
xee, tt It Ititl ftr aayaat la Oaaala
■till fir-dUUlllnl mitt
prtvldtd tath itin wu madt aad ttu
ay a llttattd suaaftttartr, tthtnrlet
It U lll-ftl. It U lilt llltfll tt ut
tar atill* ftr at. lag altokollt Ugita*.
Still, in thlpptd tkt umt tay wa
Mttlvt roar trdtr. Mt. 1 Salt It
•lti Ht. t, .10; Jt. I. Ill, rttftt-
thrtly. Wt pay thlppl** thirgM. Ht
O. O. D. or. an ttttpttd.
Dtpt. K., TN Mrt Dim Ava,
 wiaami. jja.
Dr. DeVjui's French PUb
A nllltle RtftUtlaf Ml ftr Wmm*. t*
- - ittUftM r --
a box. Sold tt til Brag Stent, tr t.	
It aay tdd-tu ta nttlpt tf prist.  Th*
SetM Drag Ot., gt Otlk.itn... Oaten*.
■ultra Tlm tad Vitality; ftr Vint tad
Bralat tatnatu "gray mttttr;" a Tula
—wlUWlltro.it. tl 1 bra. or tw. bt
It, at dru ttt-K tr by mill ta nnlat
tf prin. The SetM Drag Ot.. St. 0_3.
triMt. Oatarla.      >»
Greateit Stock of
In Greater Vanconver
Replete in every detail
Kindling Itoe
Easy Shaving
Gillette or Auto Strop Safety Bstors make the daily
Shave easier. ,
Wc have a splendid lino of both makes in many designs.
priced from $5.00 to $7.50 each.
The Complete Sporting Ooods Storo
618 HASTINGS ST. W. PHONE SEYMOUR 8151 ***   y«^*H*i|>WMuawMt   X'm-Tia*WXAXVAlAOJt     VANCOUVIIB, B. C.
FRIDAT..:.. April 16. Mil
Boys' Department—Second Floor
Style and Value in Your
Spring Suit, $34.50
STYLE and Value! These arc the two qualities
a riian looks for in his new clothes. He likes to
look well. He likes his clothes to wear well; he likes
them to keep their shape. These desirable qualities
—Style and Value—are built into the very foundations of Claman's Canadian-made Clothes. You will
find these Spring Suits faultlessly cut. Stylish, but.
not extravagant. -Thoroughly tailored, with good
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Single and double-breasted styles ln beautiful 'worsteds, attractive tweeds and flne serges, the right
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Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
Cwyriiht 1921 Hut Sdufiatr & Mir*
Canada's Largest Exclusive
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153 Hastings Street West
Dunsmuir Tool Store
Becond-hand Dynamos, Electrio
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Bought and Sold.
MS Dunamulr St.      Seymour 6668
Free Clinic
Fur those sick and unable to
pay—Tueaday, Thursday and
Saturday only.
Dr. W.Lee Holder
Specialist in
Hours: Dally, 1-6
Mon., Wed., Frl., 1-8
Sey. 8533
Bay. 4083R.
.4 Fairfield Building
Oor. Oranrille * Pender Sta.
WiU Hold Parade
On Sunday Next
(Continued from page 1)
A. S. Wells was then called on
to address the meeting, J. Kavanagh being too ill to appear. He
called the attention of the city fathers to the fact that lt would be
impossible to prevent the parades
aa long as the present conditions
last, without the use of force, and
said that men who would starve
to death and see their families suffer without protest would be cowards, and while it may be unBrltlsh
to protest against such things, It
was not the parades that were objected to so much as the truth that
was told the workers every Sunday by men who realized the cause
of unemployment, and concluded
with stating: that if the Njlng
olass of this part of the world
wanted order, that the workerB
would give It providing that the authorities called off their forces and
lived up to their own laws.
Alderman McRae was then asked
lf he would care to take the plat-
$8.75 to $37.50
C. D. Bruce
taa obtainable
bere on exceptionally
easy terms of
JUBT PAT U8 * small deposit snd Uke the garments away to wear
tbem whilti paying tbe bnUnce.
for being aliftbbily dretfed when yoa can buy io conveniently bere.
0*11 snd Mt oor epeeial values In
Wa charge nothing fur the convenience of Credit
•nd  we oharge no Intorest.    Prioes   as   low   and
■ometirnos lower than many cash stores.
Dependable Hird Wearing Suits fer Boys from
i to 16 jean, specially priced st |3.60, $6.50,
97.60, (0.60 tod 918.60.
form. He accepted the Invitation,
and in opening Bald; I think that
the trouble, if there Is any, owing
to the parades, la due to misunderstanding. He stated that the City
Council had done all it could to
assist the workers, and stated that
Vancouver had done more than any
other Canadian city, and had spent
9225,000 in relief work and regretted that the Provincial government
had refused the request for further
relief funds. He objected to some
remarks made; by a speaker on the
previous Sunday who had spoke
slightingly of God and Jesus Christ,
whom he said thousands of citlsens
revered, and also atated that the
amendment which was proposed by
the City Council for prohibiting ol
parades was not the work of the
present city council, but of the one
of the previous year. He also stated that he stood for the British
flag and that the City Council
would do all that was possible for
the men with families.
Ask Questions
At the conclusion of Alderman
McHae's remarks the questions
were fired thick and fast, Chairman
Smith, however, showed his ability
to handle the crowd and at the
same time give everybody a fair
show. One question was: If the
City Council ls so financially embarrassed, how is it that the fares
of men can be paid to the prairies?
Alderman McRae replied that by
sending men out of the city they
would be able to care for thousands
who remained, but a woman asked
if the alderman was aware of the
fact that there were 1,600 men on
the bread line at Calgary, and that
they were advertising at Calgary
for loggers at the- coast, while there
were thousands here who could not
get work. Alderman McRae stated
that he did not know that that was
the caSc and If it was there was
something wrong, A copy of a telegram from Edmonton, which stated that there were many idle In
that city, was read and one lady
pointed out that men were begging
bread in Alberta.
Chairman Smith pointed out at
the close of the questions that the
anti-religious talk wus not of any
value and that the committee was
not responsible for the speaker of
the provious Sunday, and urged
that any freaks should bo kept out
of the proceedings.
Slams Galo
Tom Richardson was then called
on to speak, and he pointed out
that at least the speaker on thc
previous Sunday was honest in hiB
opinions, which could not be said
of Mayor Gale, and he asked of
Alderman McRae and the City
Council endorsed the remarks of
the mayor, and his use of swear
words ln the Council chamber. He
stated that he was a supporter of
the Christian faith but he suggested that the deportment of the mayor and the language that he used
was no sign of Intelligence, but a
sure Indication of the lack of statesmanlike qualities. He pointed to
the fact that the situation waB becoming worse and concluded by appealing to the City Council to attempt to do something agalnBt the
conditions that must prevail.next
A meeting of the C. N. U. X. was
held at the olose of the meeting.
The chairman also announced that
a parade would be held on Sunday
next from the Pender Hall, corner
of Pender and Howe Streets, and
the regular meeting on Cambie
street grounds to follow as usual,
weather permitting. In the event
of the weather being too bad for
a parade, a meeting will be held in
the Pendor Hall.
Somo merchants in town do not
tlilnk your custom Is much nse t«
them, or they would advertise their
wares In Thc Federatlonist to secure your trade. Remember this
when you are ubout to make a purchase.
Brinish authorities are organizing a Citizens Emergency Corps,
which to all intents and purposes
will bo un auxiliary of tho "Black
and Tans."
Paris.—French securities have
dropped over 30 per cent, since
lost Hiring, reflecting the serious
economic situation at present
existing in France.
Tatronlzo Fed. advertisers.
Wire to Premier Asking
for Work at Living
A very enthusiastic meeting of
the Canadian National Union-:':of
Ex-Service Men waa held In tho
Lumber Workers' Industrial Union
Hall, 61 Cordova Street West, on
Wednesday evening, April-lt. The
secretary read many letters from
districts as far east as London,
Ontario, in favor of starting locals
In their particular districts, and
lining up in one National 'Union.
Members from South Vancouver
also reported progress In forming a'
local for that district. A mast
meeting will be held in South Vancouver Friday night Immediately
after the unemployed nieeting, and
arrangements will be. madt for
forming a local.
The pu billet y committee reported
that a four-page leaflet was being
printed, showing the alms and ob*
jects of the organisation, and that
same would be distributed throughout the whole of Canada.
The   following   resolution   was
passed unanlmouely;   "That a telegram be aent to tht Prime Minister
of Canada, drawing his attention to
the    unemployment   situation    ln
Vancouver."    The following ttlt-
gram has been tent ln acccordanct
with these instructions:
"Rt. Hon. Arthur Meighen,
"Prime Minister of Canada,
"Ottawa, Oat-
"Unable to obtain tlie bare necessities of life with the relief allowance of 65 cents per day allowed
by the municipal, provincial and
Dominion Government,/ Wt, two
thousand ex-service men, who
fought for our country, and who
are now threatened ,., with actual
starvation, appeal to .our government to give us work at a living
"(Sgd.)   JAS.  FA.RNHAM,1'
"Secretary Canadian National
"Union of Bxr-Servlce Men."
The next meeting of, the organisation will be held -Wednesday,
April 27, In this Loggers' Hall, 61
Cordova Street West, at-1 p.m.
Allied Experts Disagree
as to What Germany
Can Pay
One of the chief points at Issue
between the Allies and Germany is
whether the latter is taxing Us people to the same extent as the ^victors In the war are assesslag themselves. Experts disagree here;
those of the Allies at Brussels expressly declared that the German
direct taxes were so high as to
constitute a danger to the further
development of German *■ industry
and trade. In America we feel
ourselves put upon because an Income of 96000 Is taxed 4 per cent.
The same Income ln Germany pays
46 H per cent and 66 __ pier cent.
If it Ib the unearned. Income; lt
even pays 63 per cent.. If lt Is the
unearned income of a corporation.
A British official White Paper declares Germany is now taxed 48
per cent, of her total income. Beyond the question, however, Germany's indirect taxes are far lower
than those of the Allies—a point
the French constantly and effectively dwell upon. To this the
Germans reply that they are ln
process of being lncrei> od, but
that It Is doubtful, In view of existing economic conditions, whether
raising them will not decrease consumption so as to make the net
gain small. This Is plainly not a
convincing reply. That the Germans are willing to Increase them
shows that the limit of Indirect
taxes has not yet been reached;
particularly because they have
been freed from crushing army
and navy burdens must they make
every effort to go deeper into their
pockets? They are on stronger
ground when they point out to the
Allies that Germany's power to
pay cannot be reckoned, as Lloyd
George seeks to, by her wealth and
ability before the war; she has lost
her merchant fleet, her colonies,
her foreign property, and 12 per
cent, of her before-the-war population, besides having enormous
domestic debts to carry.—The (N.
Y.) Nation.
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize one of them,
and by so doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
A one, two or five-dollar bill to
our maintenance fund will be appreciated Just now.
H. Walton
Specialist  in    Klectricnl    TrcfttmM.H,
Violet  Hay  tnd High  Frequency for
R_u>u mini Nm,  Sciatica, Lumbago, Par*
alyiU, Hair   and   Scalp   Treatment!,
Chronic Ailmenti.
Phone Seymour 9048
168 Hastings Straet Wait.
New National Hotel
' "      200 Out. Ide Rooms
Spocial Rates by the Wttk
Ph.  Sey.  7830—1221   Onui.llle
G. H. D. Cole Explains
Situation in Daily
Employers Are Seeking to
Reduce Wages All
London—The whole working
elan movement ought to under-
-lend clearly the situation which
hai now arisen In the mining Industry, writes the Labor economic, a. H. D. Cole In the. Dally
The meaning la perfectly plain.
The ooal Industry is at the moment
ln a -oondltlon of quite abnormal
depression, from whloh It ia likely
partially to recover within a very
brief period.
• The employers In all Industries
are intent on bringing about .huge
reductions In wages. They we that
fhe moat powerful of all trade
unions, and the most likely under
normal eonditlons to oppose successfully their attempts to reduoe
the workers' standard of life, If
the Minera Federation.
But the utter depression of the
coal industry at the moment gives
them their opportunity. If, while
this depression lasts, they can beat
the Miners Federation to the
ground, and enforce the miners'
life standard, they will have broken
one of the most powerful bulwarks
in the way of a general reduction
In wages in all trades, and will
have done a great deal to weaken
the. resistance of. the trade union
movement as a whole.
The government, of course, most
willingly aids and abets these de
signs ot the employera It holds
offlco only on the sufferance of big
business Interests; and it Is compelled to do in all things the will
of the great employers' organizations.
When the govermennt decided
neither to nationalise nor to recognise on any national basis the mining Industry, this was not because
of the resistance offered by the
mine owners, but because the financiers and capitalists In other Industries said that lt must not be so.
In exactly the same way, the
mine owners are now willing to
give their tacit consent to decontrol In the Interests of big business
generally. They will get their share
in the great reduction of wagea
which they hope to be ablo to force
upon the miners; but the attack,
as a whole, Is directed, not ln the
Interests of the mine owners particularly, but In those of capital ln all
Thc miners are undoubtedly
fighting under conditions very un
favorable. There are large stocks
of coal, and economic demand ls
bail; but that is why the struggle
Is being forced now.
Capitalism ls in a position to
ohoose its battleground. The- rest
of the workers must understand
that the present mining struggle
centres not round the comparatively uninteresting question of
control versus decontrol; but round
the question whether a general
movement for the reduction ot
wages Is to be given a good start
by the breaking down of the resistance of the strongest trade union.
Young Folks Are Engaging in Many Activities
The Junior Labor League will
meet tonight (Friday) at 9-9—llth
Avenue Bast, at 7:30, for their
regular monthly soeial evening,
when the social committee state.
they will stage a first rate programme.
Next Friday, April 22, the
J. L. L. will hold their regular
monthly business meeting at 642—
lOlh Avenue East. This iB a very
important meeting, as there Is a
large volume of business to wade
through, and members and prospective members are expected to bo
there in full force.
Last Friday night Mrs. Rose
Henderson was unable to give her
lecture at the educational meeting.
Several members, however, debated
on the subject, "Resolved that Industrial machinery has done more
harm than good to the workers,"
and the members felt that the
evening had not been wasted.
Last Saturday night the League
celebrated its second birthday by
way. of a concert and dance at the
F. L. P. headquarters, when
everybody voted that they had had
a great ltme.
Comrade J. S. Woodsworth continues to hold his classes on Industrial History every Friday night at
7:80 previous to the regular meeting, and some very interesting and
well thought questions are asked
and discussions take place.
.The economics classes have been
discontinued for the summer
Information respecting membership of the league can be obtained
from the socretary, J. L. Corse, 612
10th Avenue East (Fair. 3023L).
While May Day has been set as
the closing dato for the raising of
$5,000 for the Foderationist, it
should be understood that ne need
New Westminster
A whist drive and dance will be
held in tho I. O. O. F. ball on Saturday evening, commoBcing at
7:30, und^r thp auspices of the
New Westminster Co-operative Society.   T-S1---8 tots,"'     ;
Buy Rt a union stor*.
General Workers of Uie
O.B.U. Have Busy
< Session
Much business was transacted at
the Oeneral Workers Unit of the
O. B. U. meeting, held on Wednesday evening.
Communications were reoelved
from the general offlce of the O.
B. 17., the Lawrence, Mass., unit of
the aame organisation, and the
looaf Women's Auxiliary. The
communication from the general
offlce of the O. B. U. announced
that V. R, Mldgley had resigned
as iecretary, and that Tom Mace
had been appointed to that position. The Lawrence members of
the O. B. U. wrote stating that
they were endeavoring to "art an
O. B. U. paper In that city, and
appealed for funds to assist them
ln their efforts. A motion was
made to the effect -that the secretary be Instructed to write and inform the Lawrence workera that
at the present time all available
funds was needed for The Federatlonist, and wishing them success
la their venture.
The Women's Auxiliary asked
all members to attend the concert
and dance, to be held en Wednesday, April 10, ln the O. B. U. hall.
The prioe of admission for men
will be !6o, ladles free, but all ladles are requested to take cakes or
other refreshments.
The delegates to the Council of
Workers reported that every effort
was being made to have all Labor
organisations affiliated with the
oouncll, and that the International
Trades Council hnd sent two delegates. It waa also reported that a
May Day parade and demonstration would be held on Sunday,- May
The oommlttee appointed to assist ln the drive tor funds for The
Federatlonist, reported progress,
and that a considerable sum bad
been raised.
The delegates to the Trades
Council reported that the lease for
the hall had been renewed for another year. A committee was appointed to meet Comrade Prltchard
of the general executive board, to
discuss the looal situation.
It was reported that returned
soldiers, who had been located In
the Returned Soldiers Club, and
who now had no place to go, were
being granted 66 cents per day for
room and food, and that the men
had protested to the mayor, who
had Informed them that they could
sleep in the Jail lf they could not
flnd other shelter..
The largest Exclusive Men's and Boys' Shoe Store In the Went
Our New
Men's Goodyear Welt.  Popular semi-recede last, with!
rubber heels, Genuine calf leathers in
black or brown. All sizes	
The Men's and Boys' Shoe Specialists.
Plan Open Air Forum at
Beach  During
Summerland local of the F. L, P.
has been carrying on an active
campaign all winter, and ls laying
plans for stlil greater activity. The
local meets every Monday night,
and after all regular business has
bren transacted, the balance ofthe
time ls devoted to a study of Marx-
lai economics and current happenings In the world of Labor.
The flrst night In every month
has been set aside tor a social
evening, and cards and dancing Indulged ln by the membera and
their friends. Fifteen minutes of
propaganda has been an effective
feature, and In that way many
have become familiar for the flrst
time with working class philosophy.
""For the summer months an open
air forum ie planned, and the soap
box will be ln evidence at Crescent
Beach, where the crowd gathers
on Sunday afternoons. Some of
our budding orators will have a
chance to emulate Demosthenes,
and practice on the waves of the
At the last regular meeting of
Hitch Your Dollars to Better
Values Than Ever Before
Suit No. 35806 is a navy blue twill serge, guaranteed
Indigo dye, selling at 934.50.
We have them in all sizes, one of the new spring lines,
snd for value, we could not have dupli- ^Q/| CA
cated it six months ago for $50 epOteUV
D.K. Book Ltd.
"Correct Olothes"
tbo local, resolutions were passed
advocating Workers Councils,
where more than one Labor organization Is functioning and pledging
support to The Federatlonist. The
secretary was Instructed to subscribe for SO copies of The Federationlit weekly.
Before making a purchase, look
up our list of advertisers on page 7,
and then patronize oue of them,
and by no doing give The Federatlonist a boost.
Moscow. — Tho Trade Union
council of the province of Tarn boy
has built 600 summer homes for
Moscow.—From Chita It ta reported that all trade unions ln
Manchuria have united Into one
Dublin—Oeneral Macready has
confirmed the death sentence on
Patrick Moran, president of the
Dublin Vintners' Assistants Association.
" New Tork.—Official advices from
Bucharest regarding Rumanian
losses resulting from the war placed
the total at 90,960,000,000 gold
What   about   your    neighbor's
Miners in Britain
Getting More Support
(Continued from Page 1)
exeoutlve of the.National Federation of General Workers suggested
that the government should treat
the employers ln the same way
now that they are trying to take
advantage of the post-war situation to force down wages.
Time for Action
"Now is the time for courage
and action by the miners. In my
opinion they must reject the owners' proposals and adhere to their
own demands for treating the in
dustry as a unit, wtth a natlona)
pool," said Qeorge Barker, M.P.,
discussing the present mining situ*
"The miners are being smothered with platitudes about 'wisdom
and prudence,'" he said, "but now
Is the hour for a strong militant
policy. Without such a poller ths
unity of the Federation It endangered.
"To accept the present proposals will be to throw the workeri
back to the 1914 standard ol
wages, with a 1921 cost of living
"It will put them ln ■uoh a position that it will take more that
a generation for them to recover/
Govt. Changed  Fronts
The definite decision of the tripl.
alliance to strike brought an Important change of front on tM
port of the government last Frl'
day. Premier Lloyd Qeorge wa
resolute. Nothing else waa discus
sable, he declared, unless thi
pumpmen returned. He then aban
doned this position and agreed t»
the demand of the miners for ai
unconditional conference.
The miners' leaders advised th
men with a view to avoiding posit
bio conflict with the troops, not t
Interfere with any measures takei
by thc government to Insure safet
of mines.
The Union of Seamen and Trans
port Workers of Holland has df
elded to ask all members In tht.
country not to handle any good]
destined for English ports, in thl
event of a general strike In Greq
Labor and Socialist!
can be obtained at
The International
Book Shop
Oor, Hastings and Columbin 1
Mail Orders Promptly
Attended to
Beattle Union Record carried '
Largest Men's Storo
In the West
A pair of Odd Pants
often saves the ——
price of a new suit
Men's Odd Pants
at Tremendous Reductions
No hit and miss methods if you have eoat you
want to match—over SOO pairs from whieh to
All high-grade
worsteds -- assorted In both
p 1 a ln and
fancy patterns.
Few of these
could bo duplicated under
Made from tho
remnants of
suit lengths —
choice mater-,
lals—Just what
you get with
the beet grade
luit.   All HiZ08.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"
—Win. Dick.—-


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