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The British Columbia Federationist Mar 19, 1920

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Array INDUSTRIAL UNITY:   STRENGTH.
IA FEDERATIONIST
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 12
EIGHT PAGES
OFFICIAL PAPER:   VANCOimW'MJMsDES AND LABOR COUNCIL.
POLITICAL UNITY:  VICTORY
VANCOUVER, B. G, FRIEiAY^pRNING,    MARCH 19,1920.
$2.00 PER YEAR
I
are nme
Lumbermen Are Conform-
. ing to Demands of
Union
IE
First Aid Men Are Insisted on by Compensation
Board
Workers, in the pulp and paper
planta and mills are demanding
Improved condltlona, Their schedule calls for an 8-hour day, with
the 16 minimum, and time and a-
hatf for overtime, legal holidays
"" uid Sundays. These plants are
How sotirjly. organized.
Strikes Still Ou
The strike at camp 1, Mainland
Cedar Co., Port Neville, ts still on.
Also Fox ft Hunter's camp, Stag
Bay—camps 1 and 2, Shawnigan
Lake Lumber Co. in Victoria district, are also on strike for Improved conditions. It is reported that
the engineer was brought ln from
the United States, and is working
for scfib wages. The matter has
been taken up with the immigration authorities.
In last week's report of trouble
At Jack's camp, Call Creek, an error
was made in reporting the walkout
u being due to an attempt to intro-
iuce the contract system. This
was incorrect The trouble Arose
•ver the men being ordered to remain in the woods until the whistle
blew. This was resented, as It has
Always been the custom to leave a
little ahead of time.
One «ood Camp
In this week's reports ef camp
conditions is one from Bendickion's
eamp, whieh le a credit to the employer and the men in the camp,
for there both the spirit and the
letter of the union standard of conditions are lived up to, and no attempt Is made to evade the provincial health regulations. Undoubtedly severe condemnation wtll fall
upon the employed from the czars
And "Bolsheviks" of the employers'
association who hate to. see anyone
attempt to improve conditions, for,
the logical question that will arise
In all, unbiased minds Is, "If one
employer can operate his camp
profitably and at the same time
give the men hie improved standard of working conditions that
the men require, then why cannot
others do so?"
An increasing number of employers are giving practical evidence of
their willingness to conform to the
Union standard, und so long as they
de so there is little likelihood of
Much trouble in their camps, Naturally tht.tr operations will not be
ectaducted like a Sunday-school
picnic, but the «iuestlons which
arise from time to time can bc met
As man to man and adjusted.
Another Type of Employer
With certain outfits trouble is as
Inevitable as frost In winter, for
these people have neither the desire nor ability to conduct their
operations as amicably as a wages
system will permit. They are the
type of employer who patronise
scab-hiring and blacklisting employment agem-ie*; who send deputations to Parliament protesting
against eight-hour days or Improvements to ■ compensation acts or
health insuranco. They would, if
they -could, run their crews In
chain-gangs with an overseer with
a whip. To such"* people labor
(Continued on page 8)
Efforts Will Be Mack' to
Enforce New Scale
May 1st
The following wage scale for
millworkers has been approved by
members of several branches of the
L. W. I. U. ot the O. B, U. and, provided conditions are opportune, an
attempt wUl be made to have same
put into effect on May 1:
Scale—Bight hours to constitute
a day's work. Blacksmiths, f7.00
per day; millwrights, 17.00 per day;
re-saw men, $7.00; fliers, $8.00; engineers, second class, $8.00; engineers, fourth class, $6.00; planer
feeders, $5.60; semi-skilled work'
ers operating machines, $6.50; unskilled labor, $6.00; shingle weavers, SO cents per thousand; boom-
men, $7.00 per day; tally-men shippers, $7.00; assistant planer-men,
$7.00; engineers, first-class, $10.00;
engineers, third class, $6.80; planer
foreman, $8.00; millwright helpers,
without tools, $6.50; firemen, $6.50.
Quite a number of millworkers
have joined the organisation during thc past month and they all
agree that the O. B. U. Is the only
thing, and that it will only be when
the workers in the mills are organ'
Used into one big union that they
wilt ever be able to make any headway in fighting for improved working conditions.
Members of the Vancouver mill-
workers' branch will In future meet
every Monday at 8 p.m. ln the hall
at headquarters of the the L. W
I. U., CI Cordova Street West..
The meetings are open to all
millworkers whether organised or
not, and all members should make
an effort to make the meetings
popular by inviting thcir fellow
workers who are not yet organized
to attend.
Port Moody Will HaVe Dance
On Friday next, tlie 26tli inst.,
a dance and social will be-held by
members in the Recreation Hall at
Port Moody; It is expected, that
several members of the Vancouver
Women's Auxiliary of the O. B. U.
will be present, nlso that C. Lestor will give a talk on the world's
affairs from a working-class view
point.
The next business meeting* to be
held in Port Moody will be on Fri'
duy, April 9, as the regular buainess
meeting that was to be held ou the
20th inst. has been cancelled In
order that members may attend the
social ami dance.
It Is the intention of the Port
Moody members to vote on the
question or presenting thc new
wage scule, at tht1 'meeting on April
9, und all members should make an
effort to be present.
New Westminister members of
the O. B. TJ,'should arrange to be
present at the next- meeting of
millworkers over there, which will
be held on Wednesduy, March 24.
The meeting will be open to all
members of the O. B, U. ond the
question of opening an O. B. TT.
office in Now Westminster will be
discussed,
Will Pay Purchasing Dividend on First Quarter's Business
The net profit of the Vancouver
Co-operative Society, Ltd., for the
first quarter of its operation,
amounted-to 1569.98. This will be
credited to the purchasing members at the rate of 2.8 per cent, on
purchases. The turnover for this
Quarter amounted $24,964.80, and
this was done on a capital of
$7845.60. The sugar shortage hampered the society to a great extent, becauso the membership were
compelled to purchase goods elsewhere in order to obtain sugar.
The sugar question has been solved
now, however, beeause the society
can purchase it hy the ton.
Considering the handicaps of the
first tew months of any new business, this is considered a splendid
Showing. Bigger and better results, however, are expected from
the second quarter's, business, not
onl yowlng to the increased membership (now over 1400), but owing to tho manager being in a position to purchase goods in larger
quantities at lower prices.
. At the first quarterly general
nieettafr. held in the Labor Temple
on Tuesday evening, a board of directors, comprising the following,
were elected for the various terms:
O. W. Hubbard, president, three
montha; Dr. W. ... Curry, vice-president, six months; H, W. Watts, J.
Slingcrland, directors for twelve
months; Geo. Jones, North Vancouver, Mrs. H. Thomas, New
Westminster, for nine months;
Mrs. A. Borland, C. J. Wilkes, for
six months; Mrs, T. A. Barnard,
New Westminster, Mrs. j. A.
Clark, three months. {
MILLION DOLLAR GIFT
FOR LABOR DAILY
New Presses Needed to Supply tho
Increased ..Circulation of
London Daily
London — A gift fund of $1,000,-
000 is' being raised for the promotion ol' the London Daily Herald,
labor paper, which has had an astonishing growth in tho ono yeur of
its existence. The paper now has
a circulation of more than 300,000
and the presses have proved inadequate to keep up with its growth.
So fur $600,000 has been raised
by the unions for the paper, but a
larger fund has now proved necessary, the editor, George Lansbury,
reports.
Ixits of Room on Top
A characteristic pose of the president of the 1. T. U. The president recently manipulated a raise
in salary (for himself), aud as
most of the revenues of the-organization oro derived by the per cent.
method from the eurnings of the
typos It wns found necessnry to
drive the- New York compositors
baek to work so they could pay
thcir duos. The president wus born
barefooted, aud his first job, like
the first Job of ull the great, was at
fiOc a week—an example for thc
disgruntled typo who la always
complaining about being a victim
of wage-slavery. With harder work
and less fault-finding there Is no
reason why every compositor could
not be president of the I. T. U.—
The Printer Worker.
Sharp Clashes Between Counsel
for Defense and Judge Metcalfe
in the Winnipeg Labor Trials
Mr. Trueman, K. C, Well Known Constitutional Lawyer Refuses to Continue His Address to the Jury—Queen QuotesSir Hugh John McDonald's
Opinion of Spotters, and Judge's Statement As to Lawyers Being
Paid to Lie—Gives Figures ol- Workers' Position in Canada
Special to The Federationist
WINNIPEG, Man., March 18.—Judge Metealfe refused to Iff'
W. H. Trueman, IDC., onc of Western Canada's best known eott-
stitutional lawyers, read an article on Socialism'from the Btt:
cyclopedia Britannica to the jury trying the seven labor meta
charged with seditious conspiracy, Wednesday morning, and ag
ill with pneumonia was still in an hospital. It was announced,
however, that he would be in court Monday; the foreman then
pointed out that the season was getting well on and the jurors
would like to hold night sessions so that they might get away
home as soon as possible. Aldermen Queen and Heaps said they
^wanted to attend the city couneil Monday night, so it was decid-
a result the lawyer who is representing Aid. A. A. Heaps, dis. ed to hold night sessions; beginning Tuesday night. As a result
continued his speech
Judge Metcalfe then declared this was the third time during
this trial that defense eouiwel had seen fit to act in this way. j
The altercations between the judge and the defense lawyer
started right at tht; beginning of Mr. Trueman's speech, when
court opened Tuesday morning. In less than fifteen minutes after
he opened his address, Judge Metcalfe broke into his remarks,
and this attitude continued all through-the morning, afternooii;
and night sessions, Tuesday. Thc parting shot of the whole day
came when the judge made certain unfavorable remarks to Mr.
Trueman just as court adjourned for the night. Mr. Trueman
was only getting back into his argument Wednesday when the
final controversy came. After lengthy delays the trial got under
way Monday morning. A, J. Andrews, K.C., chief crown prosecutor, spoke through both Monday sessions, completing an address lasting three and a half days.
When court was called Saturday morning the juror who wai
Mr. Trueman spoke during all
three sessions Tuesday, certainly a
terrlflo strain.
Mr. Trueman Protests
Tha final ""break between Mr.
Trueman and Judge Metcalfe came
Wednesday morning while Mr.
Trueman was preparing to read
from the recognised Brittonica.
The judge objected, saying thc only
kind of Socialistic discussion he
would permit would be the kind
Al I EMPRESS
Will Speak on the Paris
Commune of
1871
Nest Sunday evening, the propaganda meeting of the Socialist
Party of Canada will be of an un-
uusally Interesting character.
The subject of the address will
bo "The Parts Commune of 1871."
The speaker of (the evening will
Charles Lestor, who cun be
relied upon to giyo a poweiful
and fascinating lecture.
To the great majority of the
working class, the story of the
'arts Commune possesses but little or no interest. The reason for
this can he found tn the manner
of their education at the hands of
tho capitalist  class.
But to the Socialist, the story
of the Commune is of profound
historical significance, and educational value. It demonstrated the
ability" of the workers, If left
alone, to manage their own affairs
to the satisfaction of all; but it
also demonstrated the shameless
brutality und vicioustiess of the
ruling class, when once more in c
position to assert their authority
An earnest invitation ts given to
the workers of Vancouver to attend the Kmpresii theatre next
Ltntlay, for'lt is ijjito likely that
they may he called upon in the
near future to act on tlieir own
lehnlf. The capitalist system is
rapidly nearing fts end; let us
know how to bury it. Doors open
7:30, meeting begins at fi
o'clock. Questions and an open
platform.
that can be brought about by the1
ballot
Another sign nf Death
Tho O. Ii. U. is dead, so Bays its
opponents, the latest sign of Its
"demise" is the OUland, California,
O. B. U, Bulletin, which, while hot
very large, shows that at least the
movement lives In that district. The
first Issue of the Bulletin deals extensively with the shipyard strike
and the Ineffectiveness of the craft
organizations in dealing with the
situation,
t„t..a~a»at.a»a»a«a"a"a.ta»at-a-a"fa»a»afa«f
—DON'T FORGET THE—
Defense Whist Drive
and Dance
DOMINION HALL
Thursday, March 25,1920
Whist 8-10—Dancing- 9 to 1—Refreshments
Tickets 50 Cents   **
Thc Defense Committee will meet tonight (Friday) in
the Fed(!i'nlionist ofllce.   All members should be there.
.••••••M«l«f4««<*<«»l'<eH«<>fr<«««>*>f»W^
Here Is part of the dialogue
which followed:
"Quite so, my lord, what I desire
to show is that the ideas of eminent thinkers found In the Encyclopaedia Brtttantca are the same
In substance as that knows, as
Marxian Socialism."
Judge Metcalfe: "I think you
hud better not read anything qt.
Socialism if it. is of the kind that
Is contained In the literature In
evidence,"
Mr Trueman: "I must say, my
lord, this is the flrst time as counsel, that I have not been permitted
to gather the facts and present
them when they have bearing on
the case." ■
Dcring the discussion, Mr. TPue-
man said: "I will go on-under protest, my lord," to which Judge
Metealfe replied: "Your imputation amounts to this, that I am an
unjust Judge, and I cannot allow
that." --     ' ■*'   ■
Mr. Trueman answered by 'de^
elating he felt that he could: do
his client justico, and had belter
bring his speech to an end.
Judge Metcalfe: "You ought to
withdraw that.   I toll you go on.'
Mr. -Trueman: "I tell you as a
gentleman " ,
Judgo Metcalfe: "I tell you aa
counsel,"
"1 tell you as King's. Counsel^
with the King's robe on your back,
that you ought to——"       ..   ■*•: '
Air. Truman: . *Ought to what)
my lord." .
Judge Metcalfe: "That you
ought to withdraw that Imputation/'
Mr. Trueman: "I make no such
Imputation, my lord."
;   judge Metcalfe: "It is simply a
dlfiagreement   of   opinion   on   the
jpjjtter.'* •
Vy. Trueman: "If your lordship
^lilnks that, I certainly desire to
Remove any such.Imputation."
'■■• Judge Metcalfe: "I will accept
that as an apology for the incident,
defence lawyer felt that ho
could not go on under thc circumstances and retired.
Labor Jury Brings in a
Unanimous Verdict of
Not Guilty
Montesano, Wash. — Ignoring
Judgo Wilson's, instructions that
their verdict must be either acquittal or lirst degree murder, the
jurors in the trials' of the ten Ii
W. W. chnrged with killing Warren O. Grimm during the.rioting
which resulted from the attack of
a group of legtonare paraders on
the I. W. W. hall at Centarlla /last
Armistice day, lale Saturday night
brought ill verdicts of acquittal for
Elmer Smith, Mike Sheean and
Lorcn Roberts and second degree
murder in tlio cases of Brltt Smith,
Ray Becker, James Mclnerney,
Bert Bland, Eugene Harnett, John
Lamb and O. C. Bland.. Roberts'
acquittal was based on the grounds
of Insanity. Roberts testified for
the prosecution. -- *
Motion for a new trial in the7
case of the seven I. W. W. con-.
victed of second degree murder o(
Warren p. Grimm in the Central!*:
murder trial was made by Defense
Attorney George F, Vanderveer.    I
Smith and Sheehan were lmme*
d lately re-arrested, charged with
the murder of Arthur McElfresh,<
one of the soldiers slain Armistice
day. A special verdict returned irt
thc case of Roberts ordered that
ho be confined in an asylum.
'Sjr. Andrews escaped the arduous strain of speaking morning,
afternoon and night.
f In the Russell trial the case lagged along until near Christmas,
When it was hastened and the jurors were able to pronounce their
verdict and reach home in time for Christmas turkey. Russell
Was in the penitentiary in plenty of time to "enjoy" New Years
fliere.
i The government spent nearly seven weeks, in endeavoring to
4how that the seven being'tried jointly are guilty. During the
latter part of that time no night session were held although no
particular lawyer had to speak continuously for days because
witnesses were examined and cross-examined. Now come these
long sessions.' Beginning Thursday'morning extra hours were
added on to them, so that court will sit continuously with the
exception of meal hours, from 9 o'clock in the morning until
10j30 o'clock at night. This works a hardship on whoever is
speaking' for the defense.
Witnesses Hostile
- '-"The. crown's witnesses have all
:bej.n hostile," Queen, said. In opening. Some of them have been very
hostile, and a large number ot
them have been professional spies.
When any point was about to bo
tutted in favor of the accused, they
said I do not remember. You must
hftve noted, gentlemen, that it be-
tsanie a stocjt phrase, I do not re-
member, I don't remember. These
spifcs, gentlemen, did what they desired to do. It was their, job. They
were sent to get something, and
never failed. Zaneth, art Austrian,
or an Italian, I know not which,
stated that he lied, lied, lied, and
was proud of it. Do you think
Canada has become so reduced that
It must rely on such spies and spotters, whose business it is to lie? I
donlt believo you do, gentlemen.
You can't believe such men as Zaneth, because he said he'd lie every
time it suited him.
"Let me tell you what Sir Hugh
BLAIRMORE MEN
John Macdonald, police magistrato
of Winnipeg, says of spotters. Here
is what he said: 'I certainly do not
approve of it {evidence of spotters.) As a magistrate I Mould
not accept the statement, of a spotter made on oath. I belfevo a man
who stoops low enough to be a
spotter would be low enough to
commit perjury. A spotter is the
lowest type of man in existence.
That Is the conclusion he comes to
(Continued on page .6)
HOW TO DIE
IS
Walk-out to Aid Locked
Out O. B. U. Miners-
Will Stand Pat
Tlie Western Canadian Collerles
company of Bellevuo, Alta., who
looked out their employees on
Tuesday, March 9, for belonging
to the O. B. V., has run up against
a snag by having the miners working for them In Bluirmore, Alta,,
(juit' work In sympathy with the
locked-out miners. The Blairmore
miners, who apparently still belong to tho United Mlno Workers
of -America, have decided not to
return to work until the company
withdraws tbe U, M. W. of A.
check-off. Tho miners In both Instances are Intending to stand pat,
and In spite of the fact that A. P,
of L. Organizer Levitt Is on the job
trying, with tlio help of thc Mount-
ad. rolicc, to get the men Into the
International, there appears to be
very little prospects of his success.
A meeting of the defense committee will lie held this evening
(Friday), nt 8 o'clock, In The Ped-
eratlonlst, office. Every member
should attend, ns Important business wilt be brought before (he
meeting, nnd final amngciuente
for thc defence dance must lte
made.
Semi Their Mite
A Morrison, Sam McKenkle and
W. McKenzle, Urittanin Mines, have
sent along t~> cacli to the defense
fund.
Strike ot Construction Worhers-
Tlie Frdemt loi list ot n Inte hour
on Thursday was informed by wire
tlmt a .strike of const nietlon worker* between Princeton and Allmby,
II. C. lia.lvbcei. called. Ifo details
were supplied however.
General Workers' Unit, O. B. U.
The meeting of the General
[Wprkcru' Unit of the O, B. U. held
pn Thuraday evening was the best
In point of attendance since the
unit was formed. Eleven new
membors wero admitted. The discussion on the O. B. U. constitution was resumed and certain
clauses 'met with considerable criticism.
Several amendments to the-constitution were suggested with the
<j>!ij(?et of placing moro power in
the hands of thc rank and file,
II. W. Watts attended tho meeting and outlined In a brief address
the alms and objects of the Vancouver Co-opernilvo society. He
instanced the marvelous progress
made by the co-op era live movement in Great Britain,
A delegation from tho Women's
Auxiliary.also attended and put in
some good work on behalf of the
Winnipeg Defense fund.
We would remind all members
of the whist drlvt and dance to be
hold In the pumfnlon hail on
Thursday next, March 26.
Get   behind   The   Fedorationist
with your purchasing power.
Buy at a union si»
Father Fallon Pays Tribute to British Labor
Party
At the St. Patrick's day gathering held in Vancouver on Wednesday, the 17th of Old Ireland,
wire from M. J. Costello, who was
to have been thc principal speaker,
was read.   The wire Is as follows:
"Must disappoint. Cordon sani-
talre established. Intention to deliver address known at steamship
dock. Ticket refused. Passage denied. Sorry, but feel deeply honored
by the exclusion. Will write particulars." •
Father Fyllon of Buffalo, one of
the speakers, made some very pertinent remarks as to the situation
in the distressful country, and paid
a tribute to tlie labor pnrty in the
Old Land.
One of Father Fallon's remarks
was this: "So far as I can see, about
the only honest politicians in Great
Britain are tlie labor people."
Among other things he had seen
on a recent visit to Ireland, he men-
tioned--the case of five young girls
herded off to jail by a troop of soldierB with fixed bayonets, etc. Thoir
offense was thnt tbey had dared to
handle small flags—not red flags,
but just white—bearing the simple
legend, "Self-determination." Thc
local priest said that five better
girls could not be found In all Irelnnd. Father Fallon, though now
located fn the Statcp, is a Canadian
by birth and still nominally a "British subject," though, from his way
of mentioning it, lie doesn't seem
proud of the fact.
Knockers at Work
Certain Individuals connected
with International unions in the
city, are busy knocking The Federatlonist. One of the methods employed Is to endeavor to have our
advertisers take out their advertisements. In another column will
be found a list of our advertisers.
They are seeking and paying for
your patronage. See to It that they
get their money's worth by patron-
btlnp them, and the knockers will
be left.
Bolsheviks   Face   Firing
Squads Without Fear
• of Death
The following message was despatched by George Lansbury from
Finland a few days before he crossed the frontier Into Red Russia.
Bolshevik couriers pass between
Finland and Russia, only a few
hours' journey, every night. They
carry their lives In their hands, and
many are shot dead, while others
are wounded. One boy—for many
of them are In their twenties—was
set up a few hundred yards from
the border crossing the tee. He was
hit and fell Into a hole, but managed to scramble out.
Although weak from loss of blood
he set off again to cross, when firing recommenced. He was hit once
more, but rolled along the ice to a
mound, where he hid until night.
Weak and exhausted, he crawled
back on hands and knees to the
place he had left, spent months ln
hospital, and then volunteered for
this terrible, dangerous business,
again, and is still giving his whole
life tb the cause.
An American officer whom I met
at a meal, and who Is not on one
side or the other, but who feels that
all should just shout for peace, told
me there must be something very
noble In Bolshevism because of the
fact that, like the real martyrs of
all ages, they go to their deaths
with fortitude and simplicity -beyond all praise,
"Flre at My Head and Heart"
' He saw eighteen men lined up to
be shot. Before the shooting started their boots were taken off, probably- as perquisites for the sergeant
in charge of the shooting party.
These eighteen had as their leader
a man who was big an* strong In
the prime of life. He cheered his
comrades by laughing und talking
of the futility of what would be
done to them, jeered at the shooting party, told them, where to shoot
—t>u>t was, at his head and bis
heart-—and said: "You will kill us
today; our brothers will kill you tomorrow."
They were called out three at a
time, and shot fa sueh a manner
that their bodies would fall Into a
pit. Each three walked up as If on
parade. The lust butch, mere boys,
forgot to trim around und face the
gui.rt, but the Instant they were reminded they turned round again
and faced their doom without a
murmur.
The effect of'It all on. me is that
In spite of blood, in spite of the
horror, 1 feel like those of old who
saw a star in the sky aud set off
to follow it. What I shall And In
Russia, and the effect It will have
ou me, remains to be seen.
I have met no single person, anti
or pro, who suid a word against
the administration of things. I met
an English boy and girl yesterday
whose people have lost everything
owing to the revolution; yet the
boy, who had been In prison In the
Fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul,
Is now a Bolshevik, and says in
spite of everything Russia is better
organized than under the Tsars.
NEW REM
NOW ON IN
GERMANY
Monarchists Fail to Hold
Power—General Strike
Soviets Being Formed in
Many Large Cities
and Districts
Another revolution is on In Germany. The Kbert government wa«
ousted lost Saturday and a monarchist government led by General
Von Kapp aa premier, formed. On
Wednesday this* new government
was overthrown and the Ebert government again stepped in but with
violent opposition of the Independent Socialists. At the present
time these seem to be gaining the
upper hand over the old government, hence it may only be a matter of a few hours before a soviet
government is in full control,
Ebert depended for his support
largely upon the troops "of Noske,
minister of, defense, who crushed
the Spartacans and other radical
outbreaks. While Noske had full
control over the' rolghswehr, the
volunteer troops, his hold on the
regular army was weak. Dissatisfaction of his element headed by
officers who retained, secretly 'at
least, allegiance tw tlie former
kaiser, probably forced Noske to
relinquish Ills post without fighting. ■
Reports that a rovolution was
brewing have been current for
months. The monarchists and the
pan-GermnniBts have recently been
gaining power. Kbert always has
been considered an interloper by
thc_ aristocrats bf the old leaf ser-
Istic regime. His lowly birth and
unconvincing personality have been
held up to scorn frequently by the
military clique.
President Kbert threatened to
call a general strike unless the new
government stepped down. The
workers, however, took time „by the
forelock and "downed tools.'* Tbe
Independent Socialist party, the
trades union leaders and the workmen's council Issued the following
proclamation:
"The counter-revolution has triumphed. It is through you that the
freedom of the working classes,
the revolution and the cause of
Socialism must be defended to the
last man and the last woman.
"iSynry worker and every official must recognize that there is
only one solution, namely, u Sen-
OPPOSITION WEAKENS AT
MOCK   PARLIAMENT
Second Kitting of the Parliament In
Not as Lively as Was (lie
0|H*iilng Session
Last Friday evening the members of tho Junior Labor League
met again us the "Federal House'*
and continued thc debate on thc
Eight-hour Day Bill Introduced at
the flrst sitting. It was lucky for
the government that ..some of the
most vigorous supporters of the opposition' were unable to be present,
so that In spite of the efforts of
those opposite members who were
on the job the eight-hour bill was
passed. An antf-Iouflng bill Introduced by the government met suclT
strenuous opposition that lt had to
be withdrawn. It will ho redrafted
and brought down next sitting. On
account of the majority that thc
government had the debate was
rather one-sided aud lacked the
vim of the first meeting. Tho opposition promised that the next bill,
providing for the confiscation of inheritances, would come In for tlie
most vigorous denouncement of
Liiy. A motion that the "House"
ontinue the session on March 19
ami UU was defeated, as that would
conflict with the soeial and business
eral strike along the whole front
"Workmen, workwomen, and officials! Away with party distinction.
Be united under the standard, of
revolutionary Socialism! You have
nothing . to lose except your
chains!"
■Hrspoml to Strike Call    ...
Great labor demonstrations were
held In all parts of the country
Sunday, uud the workers, especially, in the industrial regions of west
and southwest Germany pledged
their support to the republic.
-On Monday the general strike
was going strong. Cities were in
dnrkijess, public utilities of all descriptions were minus workmen,
except In such cases where troops
had control. Tlie entire railway
system wan at a standstill, mlnee,
mills aiid factories everywhere
were Idle and by Tuesday the general strike had been conceded by
all news correspondents to have
been complete. Fighting between
armed workmen and troops has
been going on all over the coun-
(Contlnucd on page 8)
Pi
E
Will Speak at Royal—49th
Anniversary of French
Revolution
Ills
lhe purpose of the J-'erirrate>l
Parly meoting In the noyal
Theatre  nest  Sunday evening   to
colebrate the anniversary of   that
meetings of the leauue.   A motion memorable event, tho Paris «'oni-
to adjourn to the next educatlonnl I mune, In u manner lilting the oc-
»*l«n.   It would be a dlfueuli mat-
evening, April fl, was carried, 'rhe
business meoting will be held nexi
Friday I" the i:lub rooniM, 62 Dufferln Street Mrest.
Will You Assist?
The Appeal of the Russell case
to the Privy Council will cost
much money. The families of
the men in jail must be supported. What can you do to assist
the committee with finances?
Your tittle mite will assist, send
it along to A. S. Wells, 405
Dunsmuir St., Vancouver, B.C.
.n*^****-**!******** $ 4 '• »'»«"»4 *+»'»«■«' I * »♦»<»*■»*■»<■»« ■*»><»*■
ter to find one who fs better fitted
nnd more able to handle this subject than Comrade E. T. KlngjOey,
who will bc the speaker of the
evening, and takes as his subject
"The Paris Commune of '71." Comrade A. Mclnnis will occupy the
chair. Suitable music and songs
will round out what promises to be
a "real anniversary." Doors open
at 7:1C, Meeting will commence at
8 o'clock.
On the following Sunday. -March
-S, Comrade tho llev. A. E. Smith
of Urandon, will be the speaker.
Comrade Smith Is well', known
throughout the West, and Is ,-* coworker of Win. Ivens and J. .S.
Woodsworth. Ills subject will be,
"The lj|g lesson of the RusSeij
Trial,"
Tho Labor School will continue
Its sessions every Sunday afternoon
until tho end of April, according tn
schedule, The school meets at
■2:ilfi p.m. In O'Brien Hall., Subject
Cor next Sunday Is , "The Truest
Patriotism.**'
The regular monthly butdncsc
meeting of the Junior Labor
League will be held next Friday
r-vr]iing at the club rooms, 62
imfferln Street West, at 7:30. In
view of the Important nature of the
business that will come up a full
.turnout. Is (
 —   -^!*rt*"-"J^"-iiiiiiii'iriliiT PAGE TWO
twelfth tear, no. u    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    tancouveb, a o.
TKtttAY.........Utreb 10, !»!»
THRIFT WEEK
at Arnold & Quigley's
TREMENDOUS BARGAINS SATURDAY IN
EVERY LINE OF MEN'S APPAREL .
Arnold & Quigley
"The Store That's Always Busy"
546 Granville Street
THIS "AD." ACCEPTED AS $5.00 CASH ON AN*
SUIT OK OVERCOAT
SLATER'S
QUALITY      SERVICE      FREE DELIVERY
PROVISIOK DEPARTMENT
Bitter's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. SOo
Sitter's Sliced Streaky Bacon, lb. 66c
Slater's Sliced Boneleig Roll, lb. ..45c
Sister's SHc«d Ayrshire Boll, lit. ..660
LISTEN
This it your lsst chance to Imy a
picnic ham st this prko. Friday snd Saturday only. Sugsr
Cured Picnic Hams wvfcliing 4
to 8 lbs:, Rogular 35c 11). Fiiiiaf
ud Saturday ..; 8»%e
BOTTER—BXTTTER—BUTTER
From 8 a.m. to 13 noon wo will
nell our famous Alberta Butter,
reg. 3 lbe. for #2.35.   Saturday 8 lbs. lor 18.10
B. c. froth EggB, dos - .toe.
Albert* Cooking Eggs, doi. -60fc
Finest Lard Compound; 2 lbs ..85c
Finest Puro Lard, 2 lbs.   76c
Slater's Tes, lb S6c
Finest Dried Peaches, pkge. .- ?.ftc
Cowan's Cocci, tb  .....26l/sc
Finest Salt, 9 lbs. for -5c
Windsor Salt, 2 for  .....26c
-Aunt Dinah MoliwRes,  No.  a tins 65c
rREBH MEAT DEPARTMESTC
Finest Canterbury Lamb St*w, lb 36e
Vinent Canterbury Lanib Uolns,
per lb SMVte
LOOK
Witk evory purchaso of meat, gro-
' cerlei or provisions, we r/i'l sell
8 lbs. ot Sister's Special Tes,
ieg. 8 lbs. for |1.65, for 8
lbs ....I1JI
From 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.
SPECIAL
Finest Canterbury Lamb Shouldurn
weighing from T lbs.  Reg. 30c lb.
Special, lb 26y3e
Finest Peanut Butter, lb 25c
Finoiit Dairy Butter, lb .6Se
Finest Dill Pickles, doi 200
Finest Canterbury Lamb Logs, lb, 85c
SMOKED FISH
Kippered Alaska Black Cod, lb.    25c
Kippered Salmon, lb - - ....26c
bogie's Finest Huddles, lb .23c
Fresh Kippers, 2 lbs. for — .S6c
SPECIAL
Finest   Smoked    Boneless    Itolls,
weighing from 4 to 8 lbs.   Rog.
49Ho lb.   Friday nnd Saturday   _ i..\_e
GROCERY DEPARTMENT
Nal.ob Tea, lb. .-.! .850
Blue Ribbon Tes, Ib ..85e
Malkin's Tea, lb 73c
PORK SPECIAL
The,price of pork in np In the air
and it will soar yet higher. But
we are putting on one moro a).e-
clal* on Friday and Saturday.
Finest Trimmed Pork Bhoullers,
welding from 4 to 8 lbs. st •
per lb. _ 3014c
Come, early and muke sure of s
good choice shoulder.	
THE THREE BIG STORES
123 Haitian Street East..
830 Granvillo Stmt.	
3260 mil Streot.	
..Phoue Sey. 3262
..Phone Usf: 866
...Phoue Fnir. 1683
WE DELIVER TOUR ORDERS, LARGE AND SMALL
It don't pay
to wait
—WHEN ANYTHING GOES WRONG
I      WITH YOCJR TEETH
If you cut yourself, the cut will heal
—if you bum yourself the skin wilt
naturally be restored—nearly every
ordinary bodily complaint is subject
to proper treatment.
If your teoth becomo defective, no*
tiring can savo them but a visit to tha
dentist.
The sooner you take It, the better.
.Every day you wait the defect Is grow-
In?, eating out the tooth tissue, striking at the nerve and the root. At the
same time it is spreading decay to
your other sound teeth.
Don't wait—let mo examine thoso
teeth and advise you—Prompt action
will save you a world of pain and
troublo.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Personal Service Dentistry
602 Hastingi St. W., Cor. Seymour
Phone Sey. 3331
Offloe open Tuesday and Friday evening*,
Highest'Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
a_____-_U--____t
Martin; Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
The Shoe Man Who
Is Bothered by High
Rent and Heavy
Overhead Expense
Usually looks for a turgor percentage or profit on Ills goods to
cquallzo matters.
W. offer you the advantage of a bright, cheerful, spacious
ttort and a rang, of lasts and leathers it's a pleasure to select
from, at prices much lower—Quality for quality—than tko dealer
ln the high rent zone.
ntOVIO IT THE NEXT Tl.tl U!
e
Goodwin Shoe Co.
119 Hastings St, East
"tiOOOU'IX'B    OOOD    SHOES"
s
WILL HOLD A
Fishpackers O. B. U. Unit
Gets Conciliation
Board
Prince Rupert Central Labor Council Hears Report on Strike
The regular meeting of the
Prince Rupert Central Labor Council, O. B. U., convened on March
9 witfi 30 present.
Correspondence was read, and
the action of the assistant seoretary
in reporting infractions of the
Health act at the Dolly Varden
mine to the authoritlesVas endorsed, correspondence in connection
with it being ordered filed.
* Reports
The building committee,, through
Delegate W. Shaw, reported that
while they hoped shortly to have
something definite to report, it was
not in a, position to say any more
than that they were making progress. The defense committee re
ported collections and sales of
bonda to the amount of J^ti.50",
bringing the total to J2.360.00. The
executive committee recommended
that owing to the inconvenience of
I*ail and boat .connections there be
no attempt made, to arrange a meeting for Bro. \Voods\Vorth on his
way baclt to Winnipeg. For the
auxiliary, Delegate Mrs.-Iverson reported that the conditions In the
laundries were not to be classed as
bad, although It was a rush ull day.
The report gave rise to discussion
during which motions were passed
instructing the executive to follow
a certain line of action in organizing the city, putting an organizer
in the town on two weeks' trial, and
providing for the holding of an
open meeting on Sunday, Mnrch
17, for all workers, and requesting
the assistant secretary to put a man
In his place when he was called out
of town, as his office was the recognized location for signing up and
paying dues by all O. B. U. mom
bers in town. A motion requesting
the local secretary of the L. W. I.
U. to provide the council with an
analysis of the membership of his
files was the cause of some debate.
It finally passed on a vote of IB to
4. Delegate Cann was elected to
act as temporary organizer in the
city.
Delegate Booth, for the Fish-
packers, reported arrangements for
the arbitration of the dispute with
the Cold Storage company well under way, with Delegate Geo. Rudderham as the mens' representative.
The Premier Strike Settlement
The assistant secretary reported
the conclusion of the "strike at Premier mine. Stewart. On the boat
up there were seven Russians whb
had been engaged by letter at Anyox to work at the Premier. He had
got ln touch with them and found
that thoy were in Ignorance of the
strike. Five of them consented to
keep away from the mine after the
situation was explained to them,
but the other two were non-committal, and on arrival refused to
come to the strike headquarters
and were later reported as having
left for the mine. Their names were
Chakoft! and Nick Gibillfl..
The boat arrived at 3 a.m., and
at 8 a.m. a meeting was held at
which the proceedings of the previous meetings were reviewed. The
reasons for catling him to Stewart
were that the management had
flred the incompetent cook nnd
raised no objection to an Increase
of 50 cents a day for, day labor
(from $5.50 to $6), but had stated
that permission would have to be
secured from the N. Y. offlce flrst,
which would take at least two
weeks, before the latter could be
grantod, and It was to assist ln the
cleaning up of the dispute that he
had been called. Demands to be
considered were drawn up, and ordered presented to the manager by
a committee consisting of Bros.
Cassidy, McMnnus and Elliott. The
conditions, with the comment attached, were as follows:
1. That a competent cook be
secured.
. That all strikers be reinstated, and the men that went up with
Mr. Harris be placed in the Jobs
they engaged for.
That a minimum wage of $.">
and board be paid to all day labor
employed.
4. That baggage be hauled to
and from the mine free of charge.
5. That work bo resumed on
receipt by the manngement of approval by the N. Y. offlco of condition No, 3—provided that Nos. 1
and 2 are accepted. .
Com ment
No, 3 is added to the original
demand for the securing of a competent cook for the following roa-
: (a) The Premier mine Is the
only mine that is shipping ore, and
has been doing so for two seasons,
(b) Tho present price of silver
($1.30) puts tho Premier Mining
company in a much belter position
to pay tlie increase thon the other
mines in tlie Stewart district which
are paying It and are not shipping
ore.
"No 4. The management has already agreed to this.
"At the commencement of the
dispute thc men were willing to settle on the single demnnd as to the
cook, If these present terms are
not accepted the men reserve the
right to revise them for future negotiations."
Accepts All Conditions
The committee reported back
thnt the manager accepted all tho
conditions with tho exception of
that providing for %. a day, but
was willing to pay %. a day, board
to be paid for,, the now wage to
bo paid from Tho resumption of
work, tho manage/ taking the responsibility of so doing without
waiting for confirmation from Now
York, As the committeo had been
Instructed to accept this as an alternative to lho written conditions
presented, the settlement was unanimously accepted after some do-
We suppose that never in r^Wb-' 'began.   It was a glorious hope, and'
ed time has an Idea been received
by tbis distracted world wltU such
widespread and simultaneous joy
as the League of Nations! fj»ie
Herald Angels singing, "Glbryrfio
God In the highest, and onfeea*th
peace, goodwill toward men," were
heard only by a few shepherds. The
schemes for Perpetual Peace.f^e-
slgned by Rosseau, Kant.ii&d
other philosophers were read only
by students and disciples. But the
conception of a League of Nations
reached the whole civilized world in
one flash, and it was proclaimed,
not by theorists and Isolated prophets, but by statesmen whose
powers to fulfil their purpose appeared equal to the grandeur of
their words. As Carlyle's tormented wanderer cried when glimpses
of inspiring truth were borne in
upon bim, "Sweeter thatf'daysprtng
lo the Shipwrecked in Nova Zcm-
bla; like soft streamings of celestial music to a too-exasperated
heart came thut Evangel. The
Universe is not dead and demoniacal, a charnel-house with spectres;
but godlike, and my Father's."
So to an exasperated, maddened,
and despairing .world came tlie
Evangel of the League. The peoples
of Europe were suffering as they
had never suffered since the irruption of the barbarian hordes; and
the growth of knowledge, amenity
and human intercourse during recent centuries only Increased thetr
misery. The young men who held
the promise of life were being
slaughtered by millions. Lovers
nnd wives and mothers were left
lonely and destitute. Women, with
child were shaken and shocked
into miscarriuge or the production
of imbeciles. All tbe established
customs,' habits and beliefs of a
highly developed and complicated-
existence were disorganized and
confused. Whole cities were reduced to rubble and sticks. Tho
mortal needs of food, clothing, and
shelter grew scarce, and would
grow scarcer. Science, energy, and
toll were diverted to the destruction of mankind. To the whole
comfortable world was" at last "ro
vealod the necessary and inevitable
implication of war, never td be
bound by chivalrous or half-hearted,
regulations, hut irresistibly increasing in horror as man goes on.. Into
this mash of blood abd ruin and
grief came thp message of possible
peace—the good tidings that this
war was to be the last outbreak, of
human insanity; that by reasoimbfe
consultation between themgelros
the wisest peoples of the world
would avoid war for the futuri.,' or
would at least give opportunity ;?Br
sanity to spea.lt before tbe Killing:
bate, work to start on. the fallawh
lng> Monday, March 7. ■•  .iiw
Of the five Russians who refuttd
to scab, three elected to remain. Of
these, ono was to be started at the
Premier at once, the other two were
promised a start in the course of
a few days by the manager. 'The
remaining two, according itf*'(Hi
agreement previously arrived -'nt,
were given $20 apiece to go-Aiirfh
again as they were absolutety^an-
niless. As the trouble was over the
strike committee considered that
they could afford tp be generous
in recognizing their loyalty. Needless to say, tbey are now O. B. U.
men for life.
The agreement to put the men
who went up with Mr. Harris to
work at the jobs they were engaged
for was secured without prejudicing their right to bring action for
damages. Some of the men were in
favor of continuing thc strike until
all the scabs were down off the hilt,
but the majority considered that
the provision to reinstate the strikers and.place the others would
serve thfe same purpose with less
delay and trouble than would occur if a direct issue was made of
It.' After the' vote was taken all
those who were In favor of the
former course freely expressed their
intention to heartily co-operate
with the rest In keeping Stewart
what their collective efforts had already made It, a 100 per cent O. B.
TJ. camp.
The manner in which the strike
had been frfught and the solidarity
displayed from start to finish merited the admiration of the whole
movement, and when it was considered that the corporation they
they had been fighting, had never,
to the recollection of the speaker,
previously been brought to time by
their employees, .0? Stewart miners should bo given a place ace-
high in the O. B. U. Thanks and
appreciation were also due to the
population of Hyder and Stewart
for their whole-hearted support of
the strike, which was a considerable factor in removing any anxiety
as to the outcome.
Convention of Miners
The' question of holding a convention of tlie miners of the Prince
Rupert district had boen placed before the men at Stewart. He had
pointed out that the original movement to organize had not come
from the miners themselves, but
from the Prince Rupert Central Labor Council, and the member^h|f
was uow strong enough for the^or-
goulzatlon to take hold, and decide
what the policy and management
of the unit should be. A convention
of tbe Metalliferous Miners Industrial Unit of the O. B. U„ Pr&ce
Rupert district, which was.^he
name the unit was now operation
under, was suggested to them, to
be preceded by conventioift in each
mining locality at which the needs
of the membership could be ascertained, and which would serve ns
tbe Instructions for the delegates
to be sent to the central convention
to be held in Prince Rupert liter.
The expenses of the delegatesi'And
wages, If to be paid, would haV<! to
bo borne by the camps that sent
them, but several small camps
could club together to pay the wny
of one delegate or more. This
method was practicable In Stewart,
Alice Arm and in the small camps
on the G. T, P., but othor methods
would havo to be found to suit the
condition at Anyox.
The suggestion was favorably received, but it was thought that action should bo deferred until the
mines filled up, and in tho menn-
tlme it would be well to bave the
proposal printed'In tho Foderationist so that all concerned would have
an opportunity to prepare^ for the
necessary action,
The council accepted the report,
and adjournment was taken at
10:43 p.m.
in the vision of that   hope  many
lived and many died,
Versailles and the so-rcalled Peace
clouded the vision, It is true. Instead of war ending war, It was
found only to have sowiv the wars
of an incalculable future. The
promises of our militant philosophers were frustrated, and those
few who had foreseen the, futility
of casting out Beelzelbuh by Beelzebub were justified of their fears.
But still we hoped. After all, the
creation of a League of Nations
was part of tlie so-called Peace. It
was a Covenant to which most of
the "High Contracting Powers"
agreed. It existed. It was highly
commended by odr leading statesmen. If French scepticism preferred more tangible guarantees,
and M. Clemenceau accepted it with
an ironic smile, we could not help
tlmt. Scepticism never produced
anything. If Amerk.a stood aloof,
the hesitation was only temporary
and for particular reasons. The
League existed, and In the hope of
strengthening its hands and making its beneficent purposes better
known, a private society was gradually built up, taking, after some
divergence of viows. the name of
"The League of,Nations Union."
This Union has no direct connoc
tlon with the official or Governmental League of Nations. It is not
part of the Covenant. It is mere
ly a private society, as we said,
formed with the simple and laudable purpose of supporting the
League and diffusing knowledge or
rousing enthusiasm as to Its possibilities. Nevertheless, tt counts
among its Presidents and Vice-
presidents most of the statesmen
and politicians not only in this
country but in the Dominions,
France, Belgium, Japan, Norway,
and Sweden. Lord Grey is the
President. Mr. Lloyd George, Mr.
Asquith, and Mr. Balfour are Hou.
Presidents. Professor Gilbert Murray as Vlce-Cliairman of Committees, with Professor Gilbert Murray
as Vice-Chairman, and among the
General Council is included nearly
everyone now prominent in political, religious, or literary life. The
Union has issued several publications by men of high distinction in
the Church, tbe Army, Philosophy,
and Finance; Obviously, it is no
hole-and-corner affair —no struggling 111110 baud of admirable or
cranky enthusiasts—but a society
widely recognized and widely supported alike by zealots and sensible men of affairs. Its objects are
entirely praiseworthy. "As revised
in lOl'i," they are;—
"1. To secure the whole-hearted acceptance by the British
people of the. League of Nations
as the guardian of international
right, tho organ of international
differences, ond the supreme instrument for removing injustices
which may threaten the peace of
the world.
. "2. To foster mutual understanding, goodwill, and habits of
co-operation and fair dealing between the peoples of different
countries.
"3. To advocate the   full   development of the League of Nations in accordance    with    the
original object of the Union, so
as to bring about such a world
organization as   will   guarantee
the freedom of nations,   acf as
trustee and guardian   of   backward rrtces and undeveloped territories,   maintain   international
order, and finally liberate mankind from tho curse of war."
Admirable    objects,    os   nearly
every man or woman who has seen
war face to face would agree. They
proclaim   that   very   Evangel   of
peace and goodwill which, amid the
haunted darkness of  war, dawned
upon mankind like the daysprlng
from    on   high.     But   by   what
methods Is this strongly-supported
and   highly-esteemed   League   of
Nations Union pursuing its   noblo
alms?   It has established branches;
it  has issued pamphlets;   it   has
held meetings; all to its credit, no
■doubt.    But the flrst really popular appeal it has made—tho   first
method by which it has attracted
large public attention—Is the cinema fllm entitled "Auction of Souls,"
advertised in the Tube stntlons as a
"Stupendous, heart-stirring production, founded on the book, 'Ravished Armenia,' and Viscount Bryce's
Commission;- presented by the General Film  Renting Company,  under the auspices of the League of
Nations Uuion."   At first, Scotland
Yard, or the Home Offico, objected
to the film on the ground of indecency, but after some alterations
had been made, it was shown last
Monday at the Albert Hall, and is
to be repeated for about a fortnight more.
Even in the original fllm (which
we were Invited to see at a semi-
private exhibition) It was not' the
alleged indecency that appeared to
us most harmful.   Indecency, lust,
and filth of every kind are the invariable side-shows of war, and if
peoplo are to realize the truth of
war they must realize the treatment
of women as well as the slaughter
of men.   What astonishes us tn the
present moment Is the choice  of
such & film by the League of Nations Union "to   promote   mutual
understanding and goodwill among
the peoples of different countries."
The whole purpose nnd result of
the film, In our opinion, is to rouse
tho passions of hatred and revenge;
and the hatred and revenge are directed against one particular race,
Like the "Times" critic in last Tuesday's issue,, we had always understood that the fllm was produced
in tbe United States with the'one
object of bringing   home     to   tbe
world   the   barbarous    treatment
which the Armenian Christians received at the hands of the Turks:—
"Now,    however,"    the   critic
continues,    "Colonel   Chapman-
Huston, overseas secretary of the
Union, states that the   fllm   is.
not anti-Turk and pro-Christian,'
The whole Idea of the Union ln
showing It, he says, is that Jt Is
an anti-war fllm, and It happens
to depict the   horrible   side of
war.'*
Upon which apology the critic
very naturally comments that
"Auction of Souls" is not, and
never was intended to be, a typical
war film, It portrays an attempt
to exterminate a small nation, and
stands as an indictment of the
Tunc as Turjt and not as belligerent.
We cannot Imagine any explanation
or excuse that could delude any
human being into any other view.
The object of the fllm Is propaganda of butted against a particular
race, and in place of the mutual
understanding and goodwill aimed
at by the Union and its supporters,
hatred is the object and result. If
we are to have the propaganda of
hatred, let us have It all round.
Let us see films of the Russians in
East Prussia at the beginning of
the war as well as of the Germans
at Lille; let us see tbe Roumanians
in Hungary, the Serbs In Montenegro and Albania; and a careful
reproduction of a certain scene- at
Amrltsar for the benefit of our Indian fellow subjects. If there is a
general desire to propagate hatred,
the means are at hand. AU Ave say
is, that such an object scarcely harmonizes with the professions of tho
League of Nations Union.
But there is another side of the
question, and a wider. From beginning to end the-film Is admittedly a fake, lt Is made up from some
book called "Ravished Armenia,
and Lord Bryce's Commission. One
of the chief woman actors in it Is
also believed to have been an Armenian girl who actually suffered
what she now enacts, so that wo
suppose her evidence counts for
something. We do not question the
abominations committed upon the
Armenians by Turks and Kurds.
But this fllm Is not a photographic
represenation of those nbomlna
tlons. It is an Imaginative and
carefully elaborated series of scenes
long rehearsqed In Arizona,
wherever else tbe actors ware gathered together, and vthen photographed for the General Film
Renting Company. However accur-.
ately prepared and realistically acted, it Is a fake, and propaganda by
fake appears even more perilous
tban the propaganda of hatred. It
may be said that all representations
of war and atrocities, whether in
paintings or descriptions, nre equally fakes, and often they are so. But
as a propaganda fake, the film Is
more dangerous because its effect
Is moro actual and direct. A picture
or a description' is a symbol. It
needs some interpretation, and nb
one takes it for the actual event,
But in a film the difficulty is all
tbe other way. It requires an
effort to realize that the moving
figures which act so naturally are
all an artifice, a clever deception,
and a fake. Those slaughtered men
and poor crucified women never
suffered what they are seen to
suffer. They only ayted their sufferings foi so much pay a week. If
tho audience reasoned the matter
out they would realize the illusion.
But a cinema audience is not given
to reasoning a mntter out, and a
certain effort would be required
even in the most reasoning Scot to
keep his reason always abreast of
the rapid events:
Of all Instruments for propaganda the faked film Is the easiest and
most effectual. In the hands of an
unscrupulous Government it might
become an instrument of sinister
and terrible power. The war taught
us only too well how important are
any scruples of honor or honesty
for the restraint of a Government i
bent upon propaganda. The printed word was the chief instrument
then, but the League of Nations
Union has now shown governments
a better means of promoting the
animosities they desire to create,
Let us imagine, without too. great a
strain on the Imaginative faculty,
that some member of the Government desires to perpetuate the war
against Russia. The surest means
would be to lash up detestation of
the Bolsheviks among the middle,
and working classes. The Minister
collects a number of dreadful
stories fresh from the "Times;" he
works them up with such dramatic
powor as he possesses, writes out a
scenario, applles'to some such company as the General-Film Renting,
has the stories carefully rehearsed
on some wild and woolly prairie of
the West, brings the rosult to London, and advertises tbe horrors,
adding just a suspicion of indecency. Similar propaganda could be
made by a Government alarmed at
the supposed growth of Socialism,
Syndicalism, Sinn Fein, or what you
will. Let them hire' actors to show
the imagined enemy plotting destruction in cellars dug upon the
wilderness, concocting bombs, confiscating property, nationalising
women, or committing other desperate crimes. Tbere they have an
Instrument of suppression and reaction far more powerful than
ever D. O. R. A. was. That is the
danger to which the League of Nations Union has opened tbe gate.
Propaganda of hatred, propaganda
by fake—both are bad, though the
second is the more deadly; and the
Union has adopted the methods of
both. It appears to us that the
large number of honorable men and
women who have hlthertto given
the support of tbeir names to the
Union should begin to influence its
policy and turn it in the way it
should go.—The Nation.
Splendid
tweed
SUIT
SPECIAL
FROM
MAKER
TO
WEARER
AN EXTRAORDINARY
FAMOUS VALUE FOR $35
This essential Spring-time costume—you, wlU
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the utmost In Fashion's design and quality at
the moderate price we quote. This splendid
suit special is made possible because It is, Uke
all our garments, our own make.
IN TEN SHADES OF BROWN TWEEDS, including
brown, groy and blue—lined with extra quality two-
Reason sntin.
These Biiits nre made with long rol] collars and fanoy
patch .pockets. The waist is slightly gathered, with
Invortod pleats nt back, plain tailored skirt with two
pockela, gathered back and button trlmired,
623
HASTINGS ST. W.
Near Oranrillt
London—The central committee
and membera of eight sectional
councils of the Women's Co-operative Guild, representing 34,000
married working women, has passed resolutions urging the English
and Scottish co-operative wholesale
societies to tako advantage ol the
offer of the Russian co-operatives
to trade with them. They characterize the opening of relations with
the Russian societies as a
"unique" opportcnity to co-operators throughout the world."
BBITISH SHOP ASSITANTS
HAVE GROWING UNION
Membership Increased 70,000 During Past Yoar — Various
Bodies Amalgamated
London—What is described as a
phenomenal growth in tho organization of shop assistants (clerks),
warehousemen and civil service
employees has taken place in England during 191.9. Although the
exact figures are not yet complete,
lt is estimated that the National
Amalgamated Union of these three
classes of workers has increased by
0,000. During January and February the advance continued, about
2000 new members being admitted
weekly.
Tbe weekly income of the union
,-arles from $4500 to $10,000 besides the state Insurance contrlffli-
tlons.
Negotiations to obtain the operation of the union's minimum wage
scale are progressing rapidly
throughout the country,
Milwaukee, Wis.-rWith the Amalgamated Garment Workers 100
per cent, organized here, and the
journeymen tnilors 98 per cent.,
members of the A, F. of L, are
faced with the choice of buying
non-union products or those made
by labor not affiliated .with the A.
F. of L. Tiie question was brought
up at the last meeting of the local
Federated Trades Council, and the
impression prevailed that the two
organizations should be recognized
ns validly union purchasers.
Buy at a union More.
On February 11 Bon Gitlow,
member of the Communist Labor
Party, and manager of tho Voice
of Labor, was given a sentence of
five to ten years in the Now York
State prison on a charge of conspiring with several others to overthrow the United States government.
What about renewing your sub?
FURNISH
CREDIT
and do it NOW because
with markets raising ■
against us nil tho time we
cannot long continue to
sell 'at our present low
prices. A small deposit
will secure any goods you
require and our EASY
TERMS make payment a
pleasure.
THE
HOME
Furniture Co.
416 MAIN ST.
Opposite City Hall -
Patronize Foderutioniat  adverti*
en. '
NOTICE
Ex-Alderman Kirk has
no connection whatsoever
with this Company directly or indirectly, nor has
he ever had any,
Kirk&Co.
LIMITED
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour 1*41 and 465
Dr. Mayo
on "Cancer"
iitinOM 45 to DO per cent.,
*> perhaps all cases of cancer of the stomach, originate
at the site of ulcer of the
stomach," writes Dr. Mayo,
tbe celebrated surgeon of
Rochester, Minnesota. And 'among
tlio most pregnant cnusos of ulcer
oj-tlio stomach are munns.icated
food and the constant swallowing
of the contents of n disoaied and
unclean mouth.
"Ono of the most certain measures
to prevent cancor Is sound, clean
teeth. Lost teeth n]iuuld bo replaced with artificial substitutes, so
that the food may be properly
chewed. In addition, dental do*
fects should be corrected and the
mouth made sound nnd sanitary, to
prevent lhe mixing Into tlie month
of pus and poisons that are found
ia such foul conditions.
Could stronger testimony or more
aound advice than this be required.!
Dr. Lowe
Flnt Dentistry
HASTINOS   ASD   ABBOTT
Opposite Wooawtrd'i
Phoie Sey. 5114
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
lete in every detail
Hastings FnniitiireCo.Ild.
41 HutUp iUM WM
sb ansa Ton oet
VAN BROS.
wKji Ton ass ros
-CIDER-
ud Nonalcoholic win, ot OH
__,
ONION   MEN'S   ATTENJIOlt
Labor Power Regenerated
—nt tho—
MODEL CAFE
Meals of the Best—Prices
Bight
P. Gibb
57 Cordova St. W.
Near th. Loggers' Htll
CLELAND-DIBBLE  ENOBAV-
INO OOMPANT
Llmlud
PHOTO ENORAVEES
OOHHBB0U1 ABTI8TS
Pbone Seymoar 7180
third Ploor,  World Bulldlnf,  Vu-
couver, B. 0.
A REAL TREAT AWAITING YOU
k wll wtftlM PAMPHLET, crtamjf.ll tl t—,
fACTS. * Vnm .«. rtr.ltM ini. MEXICO.
J. E. S-pta. tM* Tk. W«U". 0.0ml, CA
. ll,."COI(8TOACVAC»INSrMEXICO"i.MSM{
fern. i. rtrtljht (.Mn lU ibMUir. it MmH. «*■ EETM*
—IM .- »! Wm M Ik. JESUIT) v* Ib Hmv
t*u tl EHClANO ** AMERICA.
li Haat *. cu.1* t** kr **r A«««u W«fc
AUSTIN lEWIi
trviuwro wefeiMwtf-*01 roo fnonr
ones ruiusHmc co., <h tim.hi. sum, um c*
Ms. ie.ee pa ioo, d <toi« m,
EXERCISE AND  KEEP WELL
A few minutes a day with a
pair ot Dumb Bells, Indian
Clubs, or a Striking Bag will
Keep you well. It Is to your
advantago to koep physically
flt. We have a full stock of
health-giving equipment.   .
TISDALL'S LIMITED
The Completo Sporting
Goods store
C18   HASTINGS   ST. WEST
Pliono Sey. 152 TH— MU It (AID FOE BT TBE
LUMBEB WOEKEES OF
IHE 0. E. V.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
THIS FAOE IS LBVOIBB fO 1
EiSTS CF THE LOMBBE WOHUM
unit or thbo. a.a.
TWELFTH YEAR.    No. 12
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY M0RNING, MARCH 19,1920.
$2.00 PER YEAR
50,000 in 1920.
CAMP REPORTS
COWICHAN LAKE '
Empire C«mp 10
Oood union camp, forty men ln
camp, 38 in the union: board fairly
Rood, $1.50 per day; white cooks.
Wo have a good reading room,
wash roomi and shower bath house,
but.there is still room for improvements; two bunk houses have
double deck iron beds, and one
house has single beds. The management have, promised another.
house and all single beds, also' a'
dry room. Wages association scale.
'CARRIDEN BAY
MeCartcr, Lauftnan & Housoly
Camp
Wuges up. GO cents a day all
uround, company coming through
with all requirements and will
make the camp first-class in all
departments when complete. Single bunks, dry room and wash
house under construction. Good
place to work, and good people to
work for.
HKRIOT DAY
Wilson & Brady Camp
Crew cut down to 45 men;
about another three months' work
will clear tt up and the outfit will
have to move to new camp at
Topaz Harbor. There Is also a
crew of 20 mon doing preliminary
work. New camp will be all modern, but will necessarily take
ionic time to get started.
LADYSMITH,  B.  C.
Victoria Lumber Co., Camp &
Conditions in general about the
average. Grub is nothing to writo
•home about, mainly due to the
Chinese cook. No objection to his
nationality, but Is certainly opposed to his lack of qualifications
for the job. Top bunks still In
existence, and no company blank-
eta in sight yet; 8 hours on the
lob,
'J. Keane, Gus Johnson, A. B,' Anderson, P. Mikuliki, G. Healy, H.
Funk.
Contribution from B, Panlk, $2;
Pat Brennan, $2,
BEAVER CREEK
Mi.CJougan A McDonald
At a recent meeting, tt was proposed that the bunk houses be
washed out once a week.. That
the Sunday work be cut out or
paid time and one-half, and the
nrat aid kit be examined. Committee put these matters up to the
foreman who came through. Camp
Is now 100 per cent., all members
being paid in advance. Top bunks
Btlll being used. This matter will
be discussed at the next meeting.
Good board, good cook. The kitchen staff is atill working 12 and
16 hours a day. Why Is the
schedule of the kitchen staff not
enforced throughout the organization?
SANDWICH ISLAND
Splccr'B Camp
Tills outfit la logging timber
purchased from the nearby farmers for the mill at Courtenay. It
started first with white men in
the woods, but on a plea that
they were not getting out enough
logs, it it now operating with
Japs, who are getting out still
less. One donkey, 9x10, as old as
the hills, and all the rigging worth
anything that Is not worth- very
much, lite logs are put on a 3%
ton truck, for which the mill pays
$11.60 for 11)00 feet on the track.
The engineer was flred because
he did sot want to work on Sundays. After having rambled tho
machine for all It is worth all the
week, he needed the Sunday for
rest. He had worked four Sundays in succession in repairing,
when Spicer told him one evening
over thc phone not to flre up till
tie had seen him. He then let
him out on the grounds that he
was afraid tho engineer would let
the machine go to pieces, which
Was rather funny, after having
worked four successive Sundays
patching the darn thing up. Engineers who are engineers take
notice of Spicer and "his has
been."
PRINCE GEORGE DISTRICT
Huuon, B. C.
The men have recently presented
a schedule of requirements to the
management, calling for semimonthly pay In cash; installation
of baths and dry room, enforcement of health laws, and no discrimination against memera of the
L. W. I. U. These the management
came through with, but demands
for blankets and sheets were refused, for the management stated
that the men's offer of 50 cents a
month for laundry work was not
sufficient. The management stated
they could not concede thc 8-hour
day and $5 minimum until after
the Mountain Lumbermen's Association was held In Calgary, on
March 22nd, when that question
would bc considered. Tho manager stated that none of the interior camps were working? the 8-
hour day; whereas, the fact is that
many of them are already doing
so, and although these may be in
isolated instances, every one knows
that the men are determined to
make it general throughout the
whole industry this spring, and It
would be useless for the employers
to refuse to recognize the fact, and
thus make lt necessary for the
workers to take united action to
bring it about, for it la impossible
for the employers to operate the
Industry without the union men,
seeing that practically all of the
experienced lumber workers are
already In the union, and it Is not
possible to operate the industry
with Inexperienced men.
VALDKZ ISLAND
Tbat the O. B. 17. holds the premier position in the minds of the
members of this community was
demonstrated at a recent social
of the Valdeg Island Social Club,
Id their hall at Gowlland Harbor,
when a basket, unmistakeably O.
B IJ., put up by Mrs, Bryant, was
put up for auction and realised
$82. The next highest price paid
for a basket being $25.
QUATS1NO
Donations from members at
camp 9, Quatslno, to the Wlnnipog
defence fund:
Contributions from J. Hudson,
$7; W. McGregor, $5.30; C. Gla-
nutt, ..0,05; Jack Klordan, $6.50;
B. Ilun.ff, $4.35.
Contributions of $5 oach: W. M.
Knox, J. A. Meyer, E. Smlthor, M.
CRANBROOK DISTRICT
A meeting was held by the
workers of tfhe Otis Staples Lumber Co. at their Springbrook camp.
The meeting was called to order
by Dol. Nels Quick, B. Lutidcen
was elec* trt- to the chair.
Del. Nels Quick realigned his
ofllce as camp delegate, which
was accepted by the workers, who
thanked him for the way he had
worked for the cause, while he
was camp delegate. John G. Harrison was elected as camp delegate. He has held that offlco
while working for the C. N. P.
Lumber.Co., and the workers aro
fortunate in their choice of getting a man who has had experience.
The business meeting was then
closed, and thc meeting thrown
open for uny one wishing to attend the lecture given by District
Organizer Fred Bidder. Chairman
B. Lundeen Introduced Fellow
Worker Bidder, and he got right
down to business.
He spoke on the convention
proceedings and the value of each
district handling its own affairs,
and how the Cranbrook district is
going ahead. It can now boast of
an executive board in reality, and
all members on that board are of
the progressive type.
His next move' was to instruct
the workers how to place their
demands. The eight-hour working day was put to the workers
In auch a way that if they had
bcen the employers, they would
have come across without a kick
and the packing of blankets was
not overlooked. Oh no, those
dirty old blankets sure got hell,
for a man who packs his blankets
from one camp to another cannot
have clean blankets; they are sure
to come ln contact with the dirt,
and they seem like old friends
when they meet. They sure do
slick to each other.
The need of kitchen reform was
shown up to the workers, and it
would have dono the cooks of this
district good to hear how their
long, hard working days could be
made shorter, and to know that
the workers of this district are
not letting the cookhouse be left
to chance.
Fellow Worker Bidder then
went on to explain a progressive
company," and the workers in
Springbrook camp hud it placed
clearly before them, and the Otis
Staples Lumber Co, Is recognized
by tho workers in their camps as
the best in the district.
Fellow Worker Bidder will visit
every camp in the Cranbrook district, and we are looking forward;
to gcttlffg reports from each camp'
on meetings held and what Die
workers ot other companies think
of their employees. If they are
not progressive- why work for
them, when you can get work
with companies that arc coming
up with the times; for those con
cents that want men .to live in
something resembling a pig sty
could close down and that would
give more business to tbe employ
er who Is doing the right thing by
the worker. Admitted, some workers think more of the almighty
dollar than they do of decent living conditions. Some even dream
that by getting dollars some day,
they will be ln a position to be
independent. Poor fools, what Is
the good of dollars when their
health is broken, and if they have
to work. The employer will tell
them that they are not worth
their board, and.in lots of cases it
Is right; they havo worked for
high wages to"set off the bum living conditions, and have then
thrown away their blood money
in booze. My advice to the workers in the Cranbrook district is:
Get good living conditions, and
those employers who tempt you
with the high wage and poor living conditions (pass them up) for
they are no good to the worker.
JIMMIE.
The dlHtrlct executive board met
in the union hall on March 7th,
and went into details of organization and other union business.
The secretary gave a report on the
business conducted for the month
of February, which was godd, and
the board was satisfied with the
work done in the ofllce.
Mrs. J. H. Thompson resigned
her position on the office staff.
The board accepted same.
Fellow Worker Fred Bidder was
appointed to do organization work
In the district, and the way that
Cranbrook district is growing will
keep him on tho jump. The board
will meet next on Sunday, April
4th.
Del. J. A. Cyrs (763) is requested to communicate with District
Secretary J, H, Thompson. Also,
information is desired as to present whereabouts of A. Dubo
(783), R. C. Donnan (781) and
P. O. Johnson  (775.)
Russell Larkin, C. L. 140, passed
away at the St. Eugene hospital on
March 1, deceased was an old timer
In this district, and was highly respected by his fellow workors. He
was working at the East Kootenay
Lumber camp, whero ho was taken
sick with pneumonia. He was buried at Cranbrook on March 3, the
funeral was well attended by workors of this organization from the
camp where deceased had been
working.
KAMLOOPS DISTRICT
Chase
On Monday morning March 8,
a meeting "was held at tho mill of
the Adams River Lumber Co.,
Chose, B. C, at which the management expressed a desire tbat
the mill employees should form a
union, and the different departments elect committees to whom
the employees could tafte their
grievances, and tho committees
could take their grievances to the
management. On Tuesday night,
March 9th, a meeting of the employees was held in Chase, and a
committee elected, though It appears that the company had not,
The Loggers' Standard
Hardwick Island (Bendick&cm's Camp)
A good buneh of men and 100 per cent, organized. Pood
first rate, $1.20 per day. Dry house, wash room and baths.'
We are no longer justified in calling the sleeping quarters-
bunkhouses, as the interior is neatly finished off. Iron
bedsteads with springs, mattresses, blankets, pillows and
sheets. Sheets are changed once a week, tlie employees
paying the laundry bill. Hot and cold water. Arm chairs
supplied for use of the crew. Have a first-class reading
and writing room, well furnished. Assorted literature
will be provided, partly by the company and partly by
the men. Sanitary regulations arc lived up to; Men hold
regular camp meeting. Regular pay day with statements
issued. The kitchen staff of course have sleeping quar-
tersseparate from the kitchen. There is a sanitary store
room in connection withsthe kitchen. Earthenware for
table, with knives, etc., of nickel silver.' Dining room
tables covered with oil cloth. No grnni.cware utensils in
the kitchen. All complaints arc dealt with through tlie
camp committee. No contract, piece work or bonus system
in the eamp. .   ,
The boys greatly appreciate the co-operation which H.
Bendickson gives them in mailing this a first rate eamp,
and we feel justified in claiming that it is one of the
best on the coast.
This report is authorized by the men.
at that time given their employees
the details of their union scheme.
Thus it would appear that the
"home guards" around the mill
will swallow anything the company dishes up to them.
Why has the company suddenly
thought it necessary for the men
to havo a union? Is It because
the lumber workers are getting
strongly organized in this district
and because some of the mill
workers are already In the L, W.
I. _U. that the company consider
a company union necessary? How
will the workers in the mill regard
this union? Will they consider It
a Labor unton or an employers'
union? lf It Is a labor union,
what business have the bosses
suggesting it or helping to organise it? If It Is a, bosses' union,
what business have working men
In it? How can a boss-controlled
union function for the workera?
There can be no community of
Interest between- those who produce, and do not possess, and
those who possess and do not produce. One union can not serve
both thc slave and his master.
The only union that can serve the
worker must be a workers' union,
created owned and controlled by
the workers. If it is a good thing
for tho employees of a company
to have a company union, with
the rules supplied them by their
bosses, why wouldn't It be a good
thing for the employees to supply the rules and constitution to
thc bosses' unions ? The bosses
would not stand for that, because
they  recognize  the class struggle
and act first, last and all the
time, fn tho Interest of their own
chiss. When the workers awake
to a full recognition of the class
struggle, they will also act first,
last and all the time in the interest of their own elass. Tlie intention of company unions, but
even the company union has a
certain educational value, because
when a worker has been a membor ol' one for a short time, he
must realize thc futility bf them,
a^d .then he naturally begins to
h)pk around for  "something bet-
ijA^jr worker In the lumber industry will find "something bet-
te^'iby joining thc L. W. I. U. of
tne. 6, B, V., which Is not controlled" by employers of labor or professional Labor fakirs, but the
man on tlie Job, the worker himself/! >
,1!   J' ONTARIO
\\  '       Sudbury District
,,Minutes of meeting held at V.
"Vainio's camp, Mile 71 A. C. R.
) .Meeting called to order; Fellow
Worker Laurl Lappl in the chair.
Read minutes of meeting held at
the Soo, In which It was suggested
that thc O. R. U. Bulletin be printed in the Finnish language. Several comments wero made and it
was decided that at the present
time It is not necessary to have two
O, B. U. papers, as the Finnish
members have selected the Vapaus
as the organ of the Finnish workers, and the Vapaus has warmly
promised to give every assistance
to the workers. Therefoi^ wc are
for the present opposed to the
establishing of an O. B. U. paper
In the Finnish language
A discussion was held re the
establishing of an O. B. U. local ln
the Soo. Moved and seconded that
we remain opposed to the matter
owing to the fact that without any
greater inconveniences, we' can be
.In activity, in connection with the
Sudbury local. If we begin to work
In small masses we cannot accomplish as. much as when fighting one
for all and all fer one.
Moved and seconded that the
time Bet by district office for convention to be held in Sudbury is
most suitable. Fellow Worker Laurl
Lappl was elected as delogate for
the convention. Providing he could
not be present at the convention,
Fellow Worker John Aho waa elected to take his place.
A committee was elected to Instruct the delegate, and were given
Instructions to make a report of
their work at the next meeting, for
the approval of the members. Fellow Workers Kalte Ratancn, Vaino
Karl and John Aho were the members elected for the committee.
Moved and seconded that the un<
dersigned communicate with the
district secretary, asking him if
John Hendrickson Is authorized to
travel us organizer (Hendrickson
having represented himself as such
although he did not have in his
possession organizer's credentials.)
Jac Paso and John Aho were
elected to approve the minutes of
the meeting.
The meeting adjourned.
HENRY 8UOMI, Sec.
ONTARIO
Sudbury District
Minutes of meeting held at S.
Lehtinen's camp, A. O. R.
Meeting called to order; Fellow
Worker Yrjo Kulberk In the chair.
A discussion was held re the time
set for the district convention to
be held at Sudbury. Moved and
seconded that April 5th, the time
set by the district office, Is most
suitable.
Read the minutes of meeting
held at the Koo, in which It was
suggested that an O. B. U. paper
bo printed lu the Finnish lunguage.
After several comments wero passed on the matter the meeting decided the following:
(1) Taking Into consideration
resolution No 40 passed at the O.
B.-U. convention.
(2) That we hnve at presont a
Finnish paper (Napaus) which we
have recognized as the organ of the
Finnish workers, even though it Is
at present more In the service of a
political party, than In question of
economle nature, but lately has taken Into consideration thc question
of economics, and has published all
letters and reports regarding the
O. B. V.. and also letters sent by Individuals. Moved and seconded that
the proper place to discuss the
establishing of a Finnish O. B. U.
paper is at the district convention
to be held In Sudbury on April 5th.
In case the Finnish members wish
DIRECTORY OF DISTRICT OFFICES
Cranbrook, B. 0 J. H. Thomp«on....Box 18
Kamloops, B. 0. J. I. Peterson Box 812
3 Vietoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Bos 8
Nelson, B. 0 E. Mutch Box 197
Meetings ara held In the O. B. U. Hall, Baker Street,
Nelson, on the flrst and Srd Sunday ot each month at
3 p.m.
Princeton, B. 0 R. S. Baxter Box B
Fringe Oeorge, B.0...J. Stevenson Drawer 20
Prince Rupert, B.0...J: H. Burrough ....Box 833
Victoria, B. 0 -E. Waterson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta. ......0. Berg 10333-lOlst St. E.
Prinoe Albert, Bask...Geo. Tether 108-8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellows Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont O. Anderson ........281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont.....T. Mace Box 390
Webster Hall
Cobalt, Ont. W. Cowan .95 Lang St.
POUT Aimil'll DISTRICT
Delegates' ltcports to February 28, 1020
Credit                         .    Total Amt. Amount
No.                                      Collected Commission Expenses   Remitted
1853     I    1.00 S    .50 ,. .      .50
1389  66.00 14.50 ,, 51.50
SB  48.00 .. .. 48.00
WB  28.00 3.50 .. 24.60
1357     104.00 17.50 1.10  , 86.40
1400  93.00 7.00 . .• 80.00
1248   5.00 .... .. 6,00
1407  134;00 11.00 .. 123.00
1412   70.00 7.00 ..• 03.00
3482   22.00 1.00 .26 20.75
1439,  33.00 1.00 .. 32.00
1426   10.00 .50 ..   .  15.50
1238  7:00 1.00 .. 6.00
1422 ..■  25.00 '4.00 .. 21,00
1437   20.00 1.00 .25 18,76
1208   228.00 30.50 .60 190,90
1431 .,  34.00 1.00 ,15 32.85
1415 -.  52.00 7.00 .90 44.10
1428   50.00 12.60 ■  .. 37.50
1430   11.00 2.50 ,. 8.60
1433    13.00 2.60 .. 10.50
Organizer Keane   92.00 ., .. 92.00
1419  212.00 39.00 .25 171.25
1410    33.00 3.50 .. 29.00
1403  7.00 1.50 ... 6.60
1142  5.00 1.00 .. 4.00
1414    7.00 1.00 .. 6.00
TK  1.00 ..' .. 1.00
1383    3.00 .50 .. 2.50
1413     21.00 1.50 .. 19,50
1352     0.00
I860   '  7.00 1.60 .. 5.50
1390    17.00 3.00 .. 14.00
Organizer Mawliiiinie .... 654.00 • .. ,. 654.00
1377   •  208.00 30.50 ., 177.50
1240   ( i 2.00 .50 1.50
1245   10.00 .50 .10 9.40
1230     80.00 10.00   ' .. 64.00
3479   i  65.00 10.00 .. 55.00
1227    2S.00 ,   6.50 .. 22.00
1868    4.00 1.00 ., 3.00
1388  43.00 5.50 .. 37.50
1204  12.00 2.50 .. 9.50
1200   31.00 0.50 .. 24.50
1416  ■  21.00 2.60 .. 18.60
1408   79.00 . 6.50 .. 72.50
3483   48.00 11.00 ... 37.00
1853   21.00 .50 .. 20.50
1362  ....:  5.00 1.50 .. 3.6'0
1424.  19.00 3.50 .. 15.50
1380  05.50 .. .. 66.50
1250    63.00 9.00 .12 43.88
1236   ■. 36.00 4.00 .. 31.00
1855     15.00 1,00 ., 14.00
DS   10.00 3.00 .. 13.00
3478   110.00 22.50 .. 87.50
1376 ..)  27.00 6.00 .. 21.00
kamloops msTiiitrr
February Statement
Receipts—
Dues    513.00
Fees     22.00
Delegate's remittance  $675.20
Less commission $52.50
Less oxpanrcs     2.75
     55.25
  019.95
Chase strike fund      22.15
Defense fund  '     25.00
O. B. U. Folders       1.60
Refund of strike loans      55.00
O. B. U. Buttons       4.90
Balunce on hand January 31      895.93
-12159.43
Expenditures—
JVagos  ■ ; 280.00
Rent  20.00
Postage  12.00
Organization  66.00
Chase strike relief   91.00
Office supplies  5.00
Janitor service and supplies ■  6.00
Subscription to Golden Age  2.00
Telegrams  1.45
Remitted to headquarters  1000.00
Balance on hand February 29  -  68S.0S
Minutes of Business Meeting
Business meeting Sunday, Marchf Federation 1st were to be placod in
14, at 2 p.m., Fellow Worker
Keane In the chair.
Minutes of previous meeting
wore read nnd adopted.
Correspondence flled except two
communications, referred to now
business. ,
Secretary gave report on the
conditions cost. "Fellow Worker
Keane, who had recently acted, as
organizer, declined tu make a verbal report to tho meeting, on the
grounds that a previous business
meeting had criticized his activities behind his baok. It was pouted out. that tho members attending this meeting probably were
not the same os those present at
the meeting whose actions he ob-'j report  of the  investigating  com
peted to. Motion to proceed to
next order of business was lost.
Further discussion ensued, during which the flnanclal roports of
Organizer Keane were dealt with.
Motion to .proceed with next
order of business was carried.
Treasurer's financial report was
given In detail, showing receipts
sinco last meeting, $7295.16; expenditures, 3876.33, leaving balance in hand, $4402.83. Report
adopted.
; Secretary reported that owing
to the big demand for experienced
First Aid men in the campy, the
Workmen's Compensation Board
was arranging to hold classes in
First Aid work, at which any
member could attend. Two classes
a week will bo held, and the
course will take three weeks.
Whilst attending the convention
at Victoria, called upon the provincial minister of health with re-
cfrence to the enforcement of the
laws relating to sanitary conditions in camps. Also took up the
question of amendments to the
Act ln conformity with the requirements of the membership.
Report adopted.
Delegates attending the O. B.
U, convention at Victoria reported that by a vote of 40 to 6, It
had been decided to dissolve the
Federation.    The   shares   in  The
the hands of trustees, eleoted by
various O. B. U. central councils
and industrial units, to be held
until sold at par to approved pur-'
chasers; tho proceeds to be aet
aside for the purchase of permanent printing plant 'equipment.
Dels. Alexander, Clarke, Flynn,
Holiday, Moore, Waterson and
Winch attended.   Keport adopted.
Moved, "That the findings of
tbe Investigation committee, reported at last meeting, be taken
from the table."   Carried.
Moved, "That the report of the
committee be now open - for discussion,"   Carried.
Moved, "That   the  typewritten
mittee be read at this meeting."
Carried.
Fellow Worker Bert Smith, on
bohlf of the committee, stated
that they had not previously handed in a written report on their
Investigations, but he wouid for
the information of the meoting,
read such extracts as the committee had made from the correspondence and reports oa file In
the offlce. This was 'done, followed by a discussion and motion
made and carried that tho discussion cease. ,
Letter from Dr. Shaw of Campbell River, to the effect that Fellow Worker C. Bloom had been
under his care and would not be
ln a condition to return to work
until he had received further medical treatment. „   ..
Motion, "That the necessary
medical fees be advanced by tho
organisation."    Carried.
Communication received from
camp with reference to the Employers Association Blacklisting
Employment Agency.
Moved, "That a committee be
appointed to take up this question
and to refer their recommendations to  the members in  camp."
Fellow    Workers    Bolton    and
Root  worn  elected  on  tlie  com- ,
mittee.
Meeting adjourned at 5:80 p.m
to recognize the Vapaus as thoir
organ, we move that the Vapaus
be enlarged or that lt be published
oCtoner than twice weekly, so that
there will be moro space for explaining the tabor union movement.
A discussion was held re the
establishing of an O. B. U. local In
the Soo. Moved and seconded that
this matter be taken up at the convention, and If tho convontion finds
i( necessary to establish a local for
the Soo, there will be plenty time
to make arrangements for the local
fter the convention.
The meeting adjourned.
JOHN TIMONEN, Sec.
ONTARIO, COYNE (C.N.R.)
Hcrrlek Gold Mine
The management here Is very
poor. The camp Is very small, and
thero are Intentions of putting up
double bunks. Thero are no mattresses or pillows. The drinking
water and food is poor. The cook
sleeps fn the same room ln which
the cooking takes placo, and the
meals are served. Thore is no bath
house or dry house. The towels are
changed only once a weok. An S-
hour duy. No contract work. There
are 6 men in this camp, not taking
into consideration the foreman.
Five of these men are members of
the L. W. I. U. The wages ore $4
per dny, $1 of this amount being
deducted for board.
PRINCETON DISTRICT
February Statement
Receipts— *-
Dues  $ 75.00
Fees     1.00
Delegate's remittance   $111.00
Less commission >       6.56
S    104.50
Balance on hand January 31  261.85
 —$442.35
Expenditures—
Rent       35,00
Light      3.00
Telephone       4.40
Postage         2.00
Organization  '       _M
Remitted to headquarters .,.,   365.50
Balance on hand February 29 ■     27.45
$442.35
$2168.43
1 PRINCE ALBERT DISTRICT
February Statement
Receipts—
Dues  ■ $ 13.00
Fees         —
Delegate's remittance  $100.25
Less commission  $8.00
Loss expenses  90
       8.09
Balance ou hand January 31
Expenditures—
97.26
191.45
'Hearing 	
'Light  	
Postage	
'Telegrams and bank charges
Advertising 	
!Hent 	
-$301.71
.$117.00
7.00
1.00
. 24.00
1.51
.       2.50
.     20.00
COBALT DISTRICT
■Receipts— Statement for Fcbniarj?
,   pucs $
i. Fees	
i * pr.lcgate's remittance  $374.00
Less commission $61.50
Less expenses      1.00
•     62.50
43.00
4,00
Advanced from Sudbury
312.00
600.00
$965.00
Expenditures-
Wages    $116.35
Kent        35.00
Heating     42.00
Orgnnization   376.40
Postage        16.25
Telegrams       8.31
Equipment, .stove, chairs, etc     22.40
Ofllce supplies         19.65
Advertising      14.00
Literature •     10.56
Delegates commission paid        4.00
■  654.01
Balance on hand February 28 $300.09 j
ONTARIO
Tlio Provincial Board of Health Is
Sustained
Last year tho Provincial Board
of Health, which through its district officers and sanitary inspectors, lias charge of the asnitary arrangements ln lumber, mining and
const nn .ior camps in tho unorganized portions of Ontario, took action to compel tho Abltlbl Power
nnd Paper Company of Iroquois
Falls to maintain sanitary conditions In a large number of their
camps. The order of the board's
inspector was supported by the
local police magistrate and u flne
of $500 Imposed on the company.
The company, with tho consent of
thc attorney general, appealed
from the conviction of the police
magistrate, and the caso came* befool' the Appellate Court on Monday last, when the decision of the
police magistrato against the com-
Uany was upheld, the company to
pay costs.
W. J. LaBell gave an address, and
outlined tho alms, objects and
general principles of the organization. Everybody was interested
and after the meeting, there was
a general discussion on the merits of the O. B. U., and a lot o?
questions were asked by some of
the local business men, which
some of the local members answered to the point; 42 membera
took cards and buttons. After the
general meeting wat over, a business meeting of the members was
called to order at 10 o'clock, Dennis Egan was elected to the chair,
and F. LcSage as recording secretary.
It was moved and seconded:
"That Fellow Workers J. Trom-
boll, Robert McKnee and Wm.
McCaig be appointed as grievance
committee, and was instructed to
find a suitable place to hold meetings and conduct the business of.
the Union."
Fellow Workers Frank LeSage
and James Allen were elected as
delegates, and the meeting adjourned.
Some business men here were
very hostile about the O. B. U.
benlg introduced, ahd told the
mayor he should have me jailed
or rail-ridden out of the town, but.
he took a moro Intelligent view
of [t, and was satisfied by an interview that it was all right. The
future of the O. B. U. looks good
In Thessnlon. Thc membership are
live wires and boosters.
ORG.  51.    •
In
THESSALON, ON'
the   Queen's   Hall,   Monday
night, the workers of Thessalon
lipid their flrst O, B. U.' meeting,
which   was   very     well   attended.
CHANGES   IN   WAGES  AND
HOURS IN Jl LUMBER MILL
A radical change ln thc houra
and wages of their employees was
put into force on December 1st by
the management of the Bat hurst
Lumber Co., Bathurst, N. B, Instead of operating the plant by
two shifty of 11 and 13 hours each
duy, the system of three shifts of
8 hours each has been adopted,
while the rates of wages or the
new shifts have been made the
same ug the former rates for a
shift of ten hours, plus an advance of ten per cent,, or the
equivalent of 11 hours at the previous rate of pay. This means a
substantial reduction in hours of
labor, with a very slight reduction
in wages. It is slatod that tha
change involves for the company
nn advance iu wage ependlture of
30 iter cent, and a considerable
increase In the number of workers
employed, but it is claimed that
"there Is every reason to believe
that the change will be beneficial
from the company's viewpoint, as
well as from that of the meu."
Lumberworkers
MAINTAIN THE STANDARD EIGHT-HOUR
DAY
$6 Camps "t_T Mills $5
SANITARY CONDITIONS
Enforce the Laws! fAGEFOUR
twelfth tear: no. 12    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vancouveb, b. a
FRIDAT Month  19,  1D20
MB.C.f Oil
Published every Friday morning by The B. 0.
FederationiBt, limited
A.  8,   WELLS.....
 Manager
Ofice:   Ltbor  Templo.  405 Dunsmuir  Streot.
Telephone Seymour 5871
Subscription Sates: United States nnd Foreign,
♦2.50 por year; Canada, $2.00 per year; to
Unions subscribing in a body, $1.50 per
member per year.
Ualty Ot Labor: Tbt Hope of the World
PRIDAX...„  March   19.   1920
THE dock and ship owners of tho Old
Land have raised the ire of the Dock-
workers by proposing a Sliding scale sf
wages, in other words, by fixing the wage*
and then regulating them downwards, or
upwards, as tlie cost of living
THE fluctuates. This has been de-
FODDER scribed by the dockers as the
BASIS fodder basis of wages. The
men wbo follow tbe occupation of dock work have protested, aud
very loudly, against this basis of wages.
. They have proclaimed that they will never
stand for a wage fixed according to this
method. No doubt there will be many
people in the Old Laud, who, while not j
following this or any other similar occupation, will join with the doekworkcrs in
their protests. They will resent the wage
worker being brought down to the level of
the horse. In other words, receiving in
return for their labor power hay and oats,
or food, clothing and shelter. Yet this is
the basis of wages for all wage workers,
whfther they be dock workers, or any
other kind of wage earners. The wage of
the worker is in atl cases determined by
the amount of necessities required to reproduce that brand of labor power, and
his kind, and naturally the eost of those
necessities determines the money wage
which the workers receiye.
# » »
The doekworkcrs, like all other workers,
Btate that they wish to improve their,
standard of living. They state that industry should give them a progressively higher standard of life. This is a natural desire. But a little consideration of the system under which we live will prove that
as long as thc present profit system lasts,
there is little hope of this aim being
achieved. Just as thc capitalist class of
the different countries are finding it ever
harder to dispose of their surplus product,
so are thc workers finding the competition amongst themselves for jobs is
growing ever more fierce.. Before the
workers can understand this.they must
first fully realize that commodities are
produced, for a world's market. Jobs arc
not localized. As a proof of this one has
only to take a look at the population of
the newer countries, and see thc.many different nationalities which appear there.
The worker must follow thc job. While it
is true that the customs in any given country have something to do with the standard of living, wliich includes climatic and
other counditions, yet as the competition
between thc different capitalistic nations
for oontrol of the markets, becomes moro
and more intense, there is a decided tendency for the countries which have the
lowest standard of living to forge ahead
in this competitive struggle. Tliis in itself will have much to do in the prevention
of the workers raising tlieir standard of
living. A general rise in wages, not money
wages, but real wages, as expressed in
. food, clothing and shelter, while not necessarily increasing the price of commodities, could only be gained at the expense
of the loss »f profits by the capitalistic
class. Labor power, however, is a commodity. Its value is determined by the
amount necessary to rtproduce it, which
is the value of food.^lotliing and shelter
- and those things necessary to reproduce
it. The price, or wages, of the laborer, no
matter whether he be skilled or unskilled,
is the monetary expression of that value.
In fact the fodder basis is, and has been,
the basis of the wages of the workers. It
will continue to be the determining factor
in the fixing of wages as long as the present system lasts, and no union, no organization can operate against the iron law
of wages, no matter how strong or how
efficient. That economic law must and will
determine the wage thc worker shall rc-
cicve for his labor power. Thc most
the workers can expect to do is to secure the market price for the only
commodity they possess, thoir labor power, and the fodder basis will bc the method
of fixing the wage of thc workers of all
lands while capitalism lasts. Thc sooner
thc workers realize this the sooner they
will understand their misery, and thc
cause of it.
' I' HE situotion in Germany is mostly
*■ a puzzle to date. Thc news that is disseminated through the press being of such
a nature as to causo confusion as to juat
what is happening. In the momnig paper
. on Tuesday, for instaucc,
ONE THING ivas a press dispatch stat-
AT LEAST ing that the Ebert and
IS CLEAR ICnpp factions were to consider strikes as illegal. It
was also stated that a compromise plan
was being worked by those two factions.
In thc evening papers wc were told that
the Ebert government would not in any
way recognize the new group. After the
experience of the past five years, it must
be recognized that press reports arc most
unreliable things on which to base an
opinion. There is, however, sufficient reliable information with respect to thc
Ebert government to enable us to form
definite conclusions as to at least the nature of that, aggregation.
* * »
Whilo the Ebert regime is supposed to
have been Socialistic, no one with any understanding of the Socialistic movement
could consider that it in any way represented the scientific Socialistic school of
thought. The Ebert government is no
more Socialistic than is the Lloyd Oeorge
government in the Old Land, or the Kerensky regime was in Russia. In fact it has,
been doing just as did Kerensky in Eussia,
and that is straggling the fence. Endeavoring to put off the. inevitable control
of the country by the workers, The editor
of the "Berliner Tageblatt" has frankly
admitted that the Ebert government has
connived with the monarchist faction in
order to prevent the real Socialist movement gaining control of the country. He
has also stated that the Independent Socialists in Germany are not now the small
group that they were in the early days of
thc war. Today that group has grown to
such an extent that they have many newspapers, and tbeir numbers have grown
to such an extent that it is only a matter
of time before the Independent Socialists
will be in a position to take control of the
country. The Ebert government, standing
as it does for thc old order of industry,
and its Socialistic tendencies being only a
camouflage, has been compelled to consort with its enemies in order to retain
control of the situation. This is just what
Ifercnsky did in Kussia, and eventually
the same fate will come to any government that attemps to retain its position by
allying itself with the most reactionary
group in the country. There is no. tween
position. If the government of a country
is dominated, or retains control because
of the support given to it by the reactionary forces, the workers must of necessity
be placed in the position where they must
swing to the left wing. Thc Ebert government has attempted to stave this off,
and possibly aided by the Allies, who, no
doubt, still hold their ideas of destroying
Soviet Bussia, the monarchist or militar-
its group, have been used to influence the
Ebert government in the destruction of
the Spartacan movement.
* * *
In thc German situation, in fact, in the
history of the German Socialistic movement during the past few years, there arc
many lessons for the workers of all lands
to learn. Leibkuocht with Bosa Luxemburg]!, in the Junius pamphlet, have demonstrated with a logic that caunot bc refuted, the impossibility of the Socialist
movement flirting with reactionary forces.
The Social Democratic party of Germany
was not based on the understanding of
the class struggle. It inw au organization
given to estimating its strength by thc
number of members rather than on the
knowledge that those members had. naturally, in a crisis, that organization built on
the shifting sands of fgnorancc, could not
measure up to the test of the class struggle. Even at that time, however, there was
a nucleus of a real Socialist movement,
and although many of the revolutionary
Socialists were killed under thc Kaiser's
regime, or later by' the Ebert faction,
which was responsible for the assassination of Leibknecht, and many others that
had taken a position of no compromise,
yet the very conditions that have prevailed in Germany have made many who
were militarists in thc ranks of the workers into the most ^advanced Socialists.
While there is no doubt tnat there kas
been much capitalistic manoeuvring in
Germany, and that the Allies have had
their fingers in the pie, and America has
not been entirely behind the scenes, the
situation which has arisen through thft
monarchists' action, has disconcerted the
capitalistic world. The control of Germany by the most reactionary forces will
inevitably drive the workers over to the
Spartacans, for this is the only party that
is clear in its aims, and has an understanding of the position of thc workers.
This party is clear, it has no allegiance
except to the working class, and will not
compromise, it therefore must eventually
be the party of the workers. No party of
compromise in these days can long control the situation, for compromise means
conferring with the forces of reaction, and
the workers of all lands must build their
political organization on the basis pf the
class struggle, and then it will stand the
test of anything that may happen, and the
onslaughts of the capitalist class cannot
break it. Germany has proven that for
the workers to attach themselves to any
party that cannot stand the acid tost of the
materialist conception of history, must
bring failure. The class struggle grows
more and more intense, and no matter
what the manouverings of the capitalists
of the different nations, the workers, be
they in Germany or any other country,
must eventually line up in thc final strugglo against the old system. The recent
happenings in Germany have only hastened the working-class movement in that
country, and that is all that concerns the
workers. If the ruling class does not like
the situation it has stirred up, the workers
do, for every attempt to stave off the inevitable, brings the end of capitalism that
much nearer. It js quite possible that in
the event of the Spartacans gaining control iu Germany, that the Allies will use
military intervention, but the workers of
France, Italy and the Old Land will then
take action, and bring the international
working-class movement to a head.
organized on a strictly industrial -basis.
In other words, the miners organized a*
miners; the lumberworkers organized as
iiinbcrw'orkers, and so on all dowi|thc
line. Where the International Unions' failed was that they linked tlie workers in
certain crafts together on a contifteutal
basis. In the event of a struggle, and most
struggles" in the industrial movement are
local, the division by this form of organization in the ranks of the workers prevented them taking joint action. The organization of tho workers on a strictly industrial basis ..would bave exactly'the
same failing. No one that has given this
subject any thought can refute this statement. It is not industrial organization
that the workers want, it is organization
on lines that will give thc workers iu
any given section of the country, power
to act without restrictions because of any
lines of demarcation that may be set up,
either by craft or industrial organizations.
* * *
Those that still retain the craft organization psychology,.will contend that the
lumberworkers, or miners must have an
organisation that will link them up. Per.
haps the best illustration that, can bc given
as' to the failure of this method of organization can be gained by looking back to
the Island Miners' Strike. The miners on
Vancouver Island were a part of an industrial organization. The best of the industrial unions in fact. The miners claiming jurisdiction of all Men working in and
around a mine. Covering all trades and
callings that come within thc mining industry. Yet what was the result. The
miners were defeated. Many of them in
gaol, and others driven out of the country
because of their activities. Thc organization disrupted, and to this day the min-
. ers on tho island have been unable to reorganize. During the strike the miners
sought the aid of the workers in tho province. In this they were disappointed.
Why was this? It was because of the division of the workers into craft organizations. Did their industrial organization
help them ? It did, because they were supplied by funds, but that was not sufficient,
thc men who could have assisted them
could not do so because of their division
into many different organizations, and
their constitutions, rules, ete. The same
tbiug would have resulted if the workers
of this province had have been organized
industrially. But had the workers been
organized into one big union, with no divisions, acting under one constitution,
things might have been different.d Jhe
miners in the United Stales, with Whom
the miners on the Island were affiliated,
could not help them, but the workers'-in
B. C. who should have assisted, could^ot
do so because of their form of organisation. In other words, the( workers' were
not organized, but crafts aud indijstWes
were. When the Provincial Government
scut troops into the strike area, the :»mlia-
tion of the miners with their international
industrial organization was of no.^vail.
What they needed at that time was tlie
assistance of the men who resided on .the
same geographical area. The milieus ■ of
Washington or of Pennsylvania could not
assist in such a time. ' The workers of
B. C. could havo done so if their organizations would have lent themselves
to any joint action.
I
THII. International Unions failed to
conform to tho prevailing conditions,
hence the new movement. Thc craft unions in the Old Land have also fallen down
in the crisis created by the war, as a re-
r suit there is a new move-
MUST ment in Great Britain
CONFORM TO that will supersede the
CONDITIONS craft form of organiza-
. tion, The 0. B. U. has
just started on its career, and if it does
not' conform to conditions as they exist,
it also will meet with disaster. There,
however, is one tiling in its favor that the
International Unions did not possess, and
that is control by the rank and file. It
should bc the mission of every member of
tho new organization to understand thc
prevail inj? conditions, and having tbat understanding, see that the organization conforms to them. "Words and phrases have
the tendency to cause contusion. At thc
time the 0. B. U. was fir.it mooted, industrial organization was mueh talked of.
This his evidently stuck in the minds of
many members of the working class, and
as,* result they wish to see thc workera
It will be said by some that unless
the, workers aro organized industrially,
and divided by industrial lines of demarcation, that it will be impossible for them
to deal with the conditions that prevail in
the industries that they are employed
in.   This, however, is not so.   "While it
may be necessary for the workers in large
industrial centres to form industrial units,
and to hold meetings and conduct their
business as pertaining to a large industry,
this however does not mean that the workers in that industry should have a separate organization covering  the  country,
which, after all, would make the 0. B. TJ
a federation of industrial organizations,
not, as Was originally intended, ono big
union ^pf all workers,    tt the  ease  of
small industries, where there are not a
great number of workers employed, even
though they are living in a large industrial centre, they would be able to deal
with their own particular industrial conditions by holding meetings of those workers in the particular industry affected, but
for all other purposes, a general workers'
unit would suffice for t^eir needs, and no
separate industrial unit need be created
for    them.    This,   after  all,    is  only
getting   down    to   tho   place   where
thc men on the job shall control.  If, however, the line to be followed is to be onc
of industrial organization, with sepnrate
headquarters, and general officers, in each
of tho industrial divisions,  whieh  this
form of organization would necessitate,
tho rank and file are not going,-to control, and the cost of maintenance of the
different sets of officers must bc borne by
the workers.   In One Big Uuion,-all that
is necessnry is district organizations^ ivith
tlie rank and file in control If tlie men in
different industries represented wish jto
confer with their fellows in other pai'ts of
the  country in  any  particular  industry, this <yui be done by correspondence
or  at  the  annual   conventions  of i the
0. B. U.   There is no need for the building up of many separate industrial divisions, or sections of the 0. B. U.| cove :ing
each industry from coast to coast.   The
0. B. U. covers all workers.   No m* ttjsr
whero they are residing.   Tho mentnejivs
of the organization are all carrying the
same card, and all that is necessary is un
organization covering the workers in a
given district, so that they may aet together when necessity arises.   The members of thc 0. B. II. should consider this
question, along with the need for a common fund, aud the elimination of the
per capita tax system, and if they eon-
form to the conditions that prevail, have
them adopted nt the  next  convention,
aud the organization will progress.   In
our opinion the adoption of this form of
organization is essential if the new organization is to continue  to  progress  and
achieve its object, which is tli£ organization of the workers so that they can act
in the time of any struggle on the industrial field.
Municipal Powers Are Extended and New System
Provided for
(By W. Francia Ahem
One of the most important meas-
ures passed by the New Zealand
Parliament reeently was the Housing Act. To meet the house famine,
lt created an entirely new organl'
zation, extending the benefits of
State assistance very considerably,
widened the powers of the municipalities, and made provision under
various headings for (he expenditure of nearly $12,000,000 per annum upon housing.
In place of the workers dwellings organization a new system of
admniistration is provided for.
There is to be a superintendent,
and a board to be called a Housing Board; but it is also provided
that the present officials and Housing Board are to administer the
Act. Power is given to appoint
such additional officers as may
from time to time be found neces'
sary.
The government may from time
to time set apart for housing purposes, any Crown land not specially
reserved for any other purpose,
auy land required under the Land
for Settlement Act. So also the
board may purchase aliy lands with
the approval of the minister, or
may purchase also dwellings. AIbo
the board may cause dwellings to
erected on any land acquired or
set apart for housing purposes. ,
Workers* Homes
Dwellings are to be disposed of
by the board under sale or lease.;
The income limit of persons acquiring houses under this part .of
the Act is fixed at $1500 per an-'
num, but if a man has more than
two choidren or other dependents,
his limit is extended by $100 in respect o every such child or dependent in excess of two. This debars
persons, able to acquire homes in
the ordinary way, from participating in a scheme essentially for the
benefit of the workers.
It is provided that the cost ojf
any dwelling to be disposed of under this part of the Act shall not
exceed $3875 in the case of a
wooden house, and $41!T>0 in any
other case. Ae deposit of $50 is to
be required of the purchaser, and
the whole purchase money hns to
be repaid over a period of thirty
years for a wooden dwelling, or
80% years in any other case. Interest is fixed at the rate of 5 per
cent, per annum, subject to a reduction by one-tenth of the amount
of tfhe half-yearly payments of
principal and interest for prompt
payment.
An agreement to purchase may
be cancellod by the board if thc
purchaser makes h default. No
dwelling acquired under this Act
may be disposed of without the
consent of thc board, *and if the
prospective buyer is a person not
qualified under the Act to benefit
by the scheme, the Board must refer the application to the housing
minister.
Houses may be let by the Board
on a monthly tenancy or for any
shorter term. Power Is to be given
to the Board to advance to the pur.
chaser of any dwelling sums not
exceeding a total of $500 in any
case for fencing, draining, cultivation or the general improvement
of land appurtenant to the building. A certificate of title may be
issued after ten years of the payment of the full purchase money,
but the land shall remain subject
to the restrictions as to disposition
already provided for. The board is
authorized to sell or otherwise dispose of the land acquired for Worker! dwellings, and no longer required for that purpose. A workers dwelling may be settled as a
family home under the Family
Protection Act, and thus made not
subject to alienation. The minister for Finance is authorized to
borrow $3,750,000 annually for the
purpose of this part of thfi Act—
the erection of dwellings by the
government.
Garden Suburbs
Special settlements of public servants are provided for by Part II.
of the Act. Any incorporated society of officers in the permanent
employment of the crown may
make application to the minister
for the approval ot a scheme for
the formation of a village settle
ment or garden suburb. Private
land may be purchased by the
Housing Board for such a scheme,
or cron land may be set apart.
Advances may bo made by ay of
loan up to 90 per cent, of the value
of thc Innd and tho. projected lm'
proveirents, cither to the society
or to the individual members The
advances may be made for the pur
pose of Uie land, subdivision, roady,
drainage, water supply, formation
•f parks, etc., erection of libraries
public halls or other public buildings ,and erecUon of dwellings.
Loans are repayable by instalments
over 30 years with interest not exceeding 6 per cent. For the purposes of this part of the Act, $1,-
::50,000 may be borrowed each
year-
Local BimKcs ami Employes
Part III. of the Act makes provision for advances to employers in
approved industries to.enable them
to erect homes for their workers.
The amount -of advance is not to
exceed 75 per cent, of the value of
the security offered ,and the borrowing authority provided for is
$1,250,000 per annum.
Harbor boards are empowered by
another part of the act to acquire
land and erect dwellings for workers in iheir employ
With regard to the erection ef
dwellings by local authorities, the
Act makes it lawful for them to
borrow fro mthe state adyances offices for this purpose. Borough
and county councils are further
empowered to borrow money for
workers' dwellings without a poll.
Additional authority is givrti to the
minister of finance to borrow $5,-
000,000 annually for advances to
local authorities to provide dwel
lings for tale or lease to members
of their staffs.
Widening Uie Scojk?
The amount whioh may be lent
under the advances, to workerB'
provisions of the present law is increased from $2250 to $3750, and
the income limit of a worker is
raised from $1000 to $1500, with
an additional $100 for each child
or dependent in excess of two. The
Apt also contains an important
provision regarding the rent restriction law. The court is empowered to refuset omake an order for
ejectment if it is satisfied that the
making of the order would" cause
ujidue hadrship to the tenant.
The Act, as outlined above, is in
full operation in New Zealand, and
a somewhat similar Act, with slight
variation, is in operation in the
various states of the Commonwealth of Australia also.
Canadian Clothes
for Canadian Lads
NO BETTER CLOTHES  r
AND NO BETTER LADS
Spring is here, and with it the desire to spruce
up.
Our display of 20th Century Brand Clothing
for young men is the talk of the city.
SEE  THEM IN OUR SHOW WINDOWS
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
309 Hastings St. West
c
>
Kirkintilloch, Scotland—The establishment of the flrst municipal
bank, of what it is expected will be
a complete chain in Scotland is being accomplished here. The promoters are members of the Labor
Party. An annual turnover of
$250,000 is expected.
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
We Don't profiteer
Wc orter you standard lines
of Drugs and Household Remedies-at
CUT StATE PRICES
Compare our prices with what
you are asked elsewhere.
Specials Friday and Saturday
1.00 Reid's Syrup of Hypophosphltea
for  67
1.50 Scott's Emulsion   1.13
.40 Cftstorls    2B
. .50 MenthoUlwm  .36
1.00 Rett's Liver Tonic .— 60
.75 Abbey's SftltH  0i
.CO Reid's Kidney PilU   40
.25 Hamilton's Tills — - 19
1.00 Reid's Blond Purifier 63
.35 Venos Cough Cure  23
3.00 Reld's Burdock and   Sards-
parilla   t „ —.»  .67
.25 Dutch Drops  ,14
1.00 Nuxated Iron  -  .70
.25 Rold's Liver PilU  13
.50 DUpepsln     .34
Above  pricei   include  War  Tax.
Week-End Specula la Toilet Preparations, Rubier Ooods  and Household
Dragi
Vancouver Drug Co.
LIMITED
THE OBMHHAL OUT SATE DEDO-
ants or vancouveb
—Snn Sto»»—
105 Butlnli W. Sey. 1MI
7 Hutlufs W Ser. SS31
168 Hutlngi K. Bey. 3031
793 Oran.llle St.  Ser. 701S
1700 Commercial Drive ....High. 388
Granville tnd Broadway ....Bay. 3814
Broadway ud Main „ .Fnir. 4088
0
RPHEUM
theatre!?!
THE HOME OF O00O
VAUDEVILLE
Mattneo  2.30
Evening! 8,20
PANTAGES
A HEX! WEEK
The Supreme Character Actor
CHARLES ALTHOI'F
"Tlie Sheriff of Hii-ksvllle"
WeHavelt!
Stanfield's Black Label Underwear, in white
and brown, per suit $10.00
Men's Raintest Shirts and Pants and Mackinaw
Shirts
Headlight Overalls
Blankets, pair  $6.00, $8.50, $10, $ll.50
Stetson Hats -. $8.00
Men's Suits from   $20.00
YOU CAN SAVE MONEY BY LOOKING
OVER OUR SHOE STOCK
W. B. BRUMMITT
444 Main Street 18-20 Cordova Street W.
Our Selling System
Quality,in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price tiie lowest possible consistent with
value.
*__*
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J.^W. Foster
Limited
The Art of Dentistry
is exemplified in tke highest
degree st this eot-bUshm-nt
THE CHARGES
are at pleating at the service
given.
Dr. Gordon Campbell
Open rvrntata tiBO to StM o'Woefc
Dulil Hum In Attendees*.
Granville Street
Carter Hebeea Street
Over Owl Draff Store
Vfcuor Seymour 5ZS» i
EAT AT THE
ORPHEUM
CAFE
Opposite thc Orpheum
Theatre
BEST OP EVERYTHING
EMPRESS
rnetl Seymonr s»a
NEXT WEEK
A   Great   Western   Play
written by Joe Lawless
ITS GREAT
IKOOEPOBATEB IM!
Bank of Toronto
Assets otci 1100,000,000
Deposits      70,000,000
Joint Saving! Account
A JOINT Barlngi Aeooant mty be
opcued et The Bank uf Toronto
lo tk. BoeH et two or more
pereons. la these account, oither
party may sign eheqitee er depoelt
money. Tor the different Members
of a family or a ftra a Joint aeooant
li often a groat convenience. Interest
Is paid on belsneoo.
Vancouver Branoh:
Conn Hastings and CamMs
Branches at:
Vlstorla,   Merritt.  Bn
THE
BROTHERHOOD    HOUSE
as! Abbott Stnet
Sl'NDAY, S P.M.
Central Men's Brotherhood
The Division of Lalior and Co-op.
eratlon among Plants and Animals
Wttk Lsatsn IUuitratteai
Speaker:
PBOr. A. H. HUTCHINSON, H.A., Ph.B.
Soloist:      MISS   KATHKUHI   PRATT
Musical Recital 2:80
Pianiet:     MR.  USO MAURER
 Everybody Welcome
FIRST CHURCH OF
CHRIST SCIENTIST
11W Oeorgia strset
Snnday serrlces. It am. and 7.80 p.m.
Sunday achool Immediately following
moron! service. Wednesday teotimonial
meoting, i p.m. Free reading room,
MltOl  Birks   Bldg.
COWAN I BR0OKH0OSB
pumas,   pvBLtiBEBS,   in.
■BOTTOM   MB  BOOKIIIIMBS
Oaten OSd.li, write for prloea. We
tire SATISFAOTIOH
tlif op t-tm aeymotu HM fot
ajpotatnent
Dr. W.J. Curry
DENTIST
MU 301 Dominion BulUUni
VANOOnVBB, B. a
DQOTARQUE!
flafifartoSa
aas
CO TOO WABT »Q BHJOT MM
lolls* tho Crowd to tkt
Patricia Cabaret
Oae blook out of Empresi TkcMn
'   —AND HEAfc-
HISS ULUE ROSE, ADA
SMITH, B. LOVE and Ull EEL
Xnttrprtt lhi UUit ionf faltl. *A*
listod by Th* Bronio Jui But
111 HASTINGS STBEET B.
Haste, 9 p.m. to 1
WHAT IS TOUB CANDID OPINION
OF THE REPLY OF A TELE-
PHONE OAU,
Supposing you Wcro telephoning »
Btor* and yon got far the answer,
"Hrllo." would you proceed to giro
your order or would you inquire, "Ib
tint So-nnd-so'il" At the stme time
yon would think how much better ft
wnuld htvo bcen had the penon replied wilh the name, of the atore.
Had lu> done so, you would douktleaa
bave nald to yourself, "Now, that man
Is up lo date; ho knows how to aa*
swor the telephone properly."
Yet bow many peoplo blurt out
' 'Ht'llo I'' nover realiiing that It
.sounds brusque and that lt also Inter*
feres with efficient telophone service.
BBITISH COLUMBIA TSLBPHOBl
COMPANY J'UIDAY March  19,   1920
TWELFTH YEAIt.    NO. 12
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    t^toimft, B.O.
PAGE FIVE
A FEW OF OUB SPECIALS IN
For Week Commencing Friday, Maroh 19th
Lipton's Grey Label  gfl^
Tea, per lb  OOC
Boyal Household Flour, 24-
lli. sack  tl.6S
Royal Standard Flour, 24-
1b. sack ............ l.SS.
Ilobln Hood Flour, 24- '
tb. sack  ............. l.ttt
Five Uoaea F]our, 24-
11). sack     1.05
Purity Flour, 24-lb, aack $1.65
Dominion Matches,     |QL
8»9 In box ......   i«JC
Magic Halting Ppvyder, tin tats
Magic Baking Powder, 2 <,& -lb.
tin B«c
Magic Baking Powder, 5-lb.
' tin     $1.67
Eggo Baking powder, tin.28c
Eggo Baking Powder, 2K-lb.
tin   .'.. 73o
Royal Buking Powder, tin 10c
DeSBlcated Cocoanut, Ofl*
per lb ^.... OiC
B. C. Pure Honey, glass..38c
Australian- Jam, per tin.. 17c
Junket Tablets, pkt 8'/3c
Large Prunes, per lb.  ...10c
Finest WMto Navy
Beans, per lb, ......
Baker's Eugle Sweet Chocolate, per tin 33c
7c
Jello Powders, all flavors,
S Ilk
Finest Tapioca, per lb. ..130
Finest Sago, per lb 13o
Finest Japan Rice, lb. .1S%G
Seedless Raisins, pkt 33o
Apex Raspberry Jam, HO-
4-lb.tin    /OC
Dominion Matches, 800
in box .8c
Gong's Soup, all kinds,
3 pkts lie
Kleanbrlte, per pkt, .....18c
Toilet Soap, 6 cakes ....25c
Puro Castile Soap,     *_)t__%
10 bars  **DC
Maybloom Tea, Vt -lb. pkt. 13c
Fel's Naptha Soap, bar ll',£c
Gem Lye, 100 per cent, pure,
per tin 13c
Holbrook'a Custard Powder,
per pkt llo
Dyson's Pure Malt Vinegar,
quart | A
size       AO\f
Empress Mince Meat, 4-
lb. tin  700
Empress Mince Meat, 2-
lb. tin  40o
I'TtCIT DEPAItTMENT .
No. 1 Quality Eating Apples, special 8 lbs. (or  ,23c
No. 1 Sunklst Lemons, iargfe size and juicy, per doz  31c
Soft-Shelled Walnuts, special per lb , ,.....20c
Extra Speciul Value in Oranges, large and juicy, per dozen
(Friday and Saturday only)  •. 43c, 55c and 65c
Chinese Ginger, special this week, per lb.- ....16c
Roasted Peanuts, all sound and guaranteed fresh, per lb 23c
L.
GET  IT  AT  WOODWARD'S
Educational Committee of
U. S. Industrial Unions
Doing Needed Work
New York—Music, art, literature,
all the world ot creative thought,
lias been opened to the workers ot
Now York by tho United Labor Ed-
ucational committee, which has
just completed a year of servioe.
At a conference just hold here,
leaden In the movement, including
Joseph Schlossborg, general eecretary of the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers   ot   America,   and   Dr.
Fricdlander, educational director
of the Ladies Garment Workers
Union, described the results of the
Drat year's wprk, to delegates from
180 unions, representing 300,000
workers.
Theso unions are outlawed by
the A. F. of L.
It was estimated in the reports
that more than 11,000 attended the
forums; the total attendance of the
local meetnlgs was about 13,715;
tho classes had an average attend-
anco of 311, and the strike meetinga more than 45,000; Carnegie
hall concerts, 3000, and two strike
concerts 10,000.
The financial report showed the
total expenditure for the year was
126,157.71.
A series of 12 lectures on econo
mica by Prolcssor Scott Nearing of
the Rand School of Social Science,
will be a feature of the year's programme.
Buy at a union store.
"The Searchlight"
A Lsbor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
SIX MONTHS FOB A DOLLAR
Bend along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1508, Calgary, Alberta
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1868
Capital Authorized 1 ..$ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up  $ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits _ $ 17,000,000
Total Assets „..  $460,000,000
690 branches in Canada, Newfoundland asd British
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New York Oity and
Barcelona, Spain.
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Oorner HaBtings and Homer Streets,
Comer Main and Hastings Streets.
Oorner Oranvillo and Robson Streets.
Oernor Bridge Streot and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets,
Oorner Oranvillo and Davie Streets.
Corner Oranvllle aid Seventh Avonue West.
1050 Commercial Drive,
Cornor Seventeenth Avonuo and Main Street.
8016 Yew Street.
Corner Eighth Avenne and Main Stroet.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingeway Branch and 85th Avenue Branch,
Also—North Vancouver, Now Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia.
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
Ono dollar opens an account on whioh interest is paid hall-yearly
at current rates, ,
THOS. PEACOCK, O. W, TRAZEE, Vancouver,
Manager Vancouver Branch Supervisor (or B, O,
Law and Order iii Canada
The North Amferlcan contlnentf noxious booka found therein. The;
public library at Reglha has sitfr
fered the same fate. (Special at?
tendon is devoted to the e&termifl-,
ation of all publications of ine
Kerr Co. of Chicago, -whloh issuis
a large proportion of the fiOcfalist
literature in North America. Theyl
are*in peculiar, disgrace frith the
Canadian authorities because they
published a book called The Hfs-
tory of Canadian Wealth, by Gufl-
tavus Myers. This Wttrtt is a most
illuminating exposfe, hot, however,
up-to-date, of the political and
financial jugglery by which the
people and resources bf Canada
have been remorselessly exploited
for the benefit of a favored plutocracy. It is a most deadly and
heinous book, inasmuch aB It
avoids emotional declamations and
deals with the cold evidence of
the statute books and public inquiries; and, sad to relate, turns
an ill-timed searchlight upon tin
careers of famous Imperial heroes
like the late Lord Stratheona, and
upon history of more than one
great Canadian fortune. But reaction as usual has defeated its
own ends. #When Myers' book
was first published it was practl-
catly boycotted by the Canadian
press, and owing to lack of publicity fell into comparatively few
hands. The government have now
given it the necessary publicity,
and such copies as are available
in Canada are receiving an extensive private circulation. It wad
announced on January 1st, 1920,
that the numerous war-time orders in council were to cease to
have effect from that date, ahd
the government spokesmen Jiave
attempted to assert that the extravagant censorial powers have
been abrogated, but the truth is
thftt a very wide and unwholesome
liatltude for dealing with what our
rulers deem unwholesome llteriv-
ture has been reserved by amendments to the Criminal Code, .which
were passed last session.
by reason of its geographical isolation was immune from the worst
economic dislocations of the war,
but unhappily this "Very Immunity
has been accompanied by Intellectual retrogression and political reaction of a very serious nature on
the part of the governing elements
both in Canada and the United
States. Now, the United States,
with all its/virtues is notoriously a
country where wealth has often
perverted the laws for Its selfish
ends, and the administration of
justice has been tainted with deplorable flaws. The people of
Canada, on the other hand, have
always properly prided themselves
on the possession of superior traditions in this respect. Their
judiciary, appointed by direct political influence and not by the vulgar process of popular election,
was regarded as tree from all
trace of corruption, and the respect for tho British rule of law
and the principle of equal justice
for rich and poor was universal.
But certain events of the past year
have caused grave searchings of
heart among thoughtful Canadians
as to whether thfs complacent assumption of superiority is now
justified.
State of Semi-panto
Ever since the famous Winnipeg strike the Federal government
and the less intelligent of the
possessory classes have been in a
state of semi-panic lest they
should wake up some morning to
fmd a Bolshevist revolution in full
swing. It Is quite futile to point
out that almost half the population of Canada are farmers tilling
thcir own land, and therefore likely to frown upon revolutionary
Ideas, and that Labor's strength is
Is a fow scattered urban centres
which could easily be isolated from
food supplies. The motor-owning
class are impervious to such arguments. They have a bogey and
mean to stick to it. As a result,
the administration of justice In
Canada is today hopelessly inoou-
lated with a virus which might
well be an infection from the old
Czarist regimo. There is at this
moment a not Inconsiderable body
of men and women languishing in
Canadian prisons for no other offence iban that they held or Wira
suspected of having held political
views objectionable to the government, A few examples will suffice:
Banned  Literature
A year ago the Dominion government by order-in-councll, set
up a lengthy "index expurgatori-
us" of political literature ahd decreed severe penalties for the possession of certain noxious books
and pamphlets. It was long ere
the ordinary citizen grasped tho
faet that the mere possession of
certain kinds of printed matter
WRs, In the eyes of the law, a
crime, exactly on a par with theft,
assault, forgory or rape, ahd that
if (hey were to keep out of jail
their libraries must be purged of
not a few books which have been
In general circulation for 80 years.
Many unfortunates acquired their
education In the arts of censorship
by grim experience. The class
designated "alien enemies" were
naturally marked down as the
fairest game, but Allied nationals
and British born subjects did not
escape. Among the victims of
the persecution is one Thomas
Bell, a Scot, who Is now serving a
sentence of two years because one
banned • piece of literature was
found in his possession. He has
resided nine years in Toronto and
held a doctor's certificate proving
that he had offered himself for
enlistment and been rejected on
account of tubercular trouble. He
bought the literature casually at
a publlo meeting in complete innocence of the fact that it was
banned.
Bought Before Censorship
Max Rothchyld Is a Pole who
hod given proof of his sympathy
with the Allied cause by taking a
prominent part in campaigns to
sell war bonds to the Polish community. He was found to be the
owner of two pieces of the politically obscene literature. He was
able to prove that they had been
bought before the censorship ban
was established, but a "loyal"
magistrate decreed him to be a seditious personage, and gave him
threo years' imprisonment. Andl-
slo Vnlorio, an ^Italian baker, was
unlucky enough to become tenant
of a room whose previous occupant had been a person of "disloyal" habits and had- left behind
a suitcase containing Marxian literature. The police raided the
room, secured the damning evidence, and Valerlo Is now serw-
Ing a threo years' term. All these
cuses occurred in Toronto, and for
tho credit of the city the Toronto
Globe has demanded that these
and kindred sentences should be
reviewed by the Federal department of Justice under instructions
from the cabinet, and a group of
prominent citizens have made a
reasoned public protest.
Terrorism
But the reign of Intellectual terrorism has not been restricted to
Toronto. In Montreal the home
of Mrs. Hose Henderson, who has
been a most efficient official of the
Juvenile Court for years, and was
converted by her experiences to
Socialism, was raided after midnight and all her papers were
confiscated. A student in Calgary was arrested and kept in
prison., over Christmas Day for
owning forbidden literature. Recently tho Dominion police ln
their zeal raided tho library and
students' residences of the University of Alberta and seized all ob-
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024   MAIN   STBEET
Pbone Seymonr 2107
We will exchange yonr leeond h.nd
furnltnre (or new.  A squaro deal or
yonr monoy bnck.
Infamous  Act
Moreover, there still remains lh
tull force a kindred and even
more shameful piece Of legislation, which wns rushed through
the House ot Commons in a singlo
day without h word of protest
from so-called Liberal opposition.
"The Immigrntion Act and Regulations" of 1919 are nothing short
ot mediaeval in their spirit. They,
make it possible for the Dominion'
gove**nment to seize people whoaq
vews lt does not like and wltho'M
open trial, and by a suspension ofi
the ordinary processes of law,,.
cause them to disappear from
Canada aB mysteriously as- political prisoners ln Russia used to bb
spirited away to Siberia. Thoy
provide among other things that
the recommendation of a sort bt,
minor star chamber composed qt
departmental officials will suffimi'
for the summary deportation of
fin addition to professional vas;-,
rants, persons with chronic alcoholism, mental defectives, etc.),
"persons who believe in or advocate the overthrow by violence of
th« government of Canada or constituted law and authority, or who
do not believe In or are opposed
to organized government, or who
advocate the assassination of publlo otlMals, or who advocate or
teach the destruction of property;
persons who are members of or
are affiliated with any organizations, entertaining or teaching belief ln opposition to organized
government, or advocating or
teaching the unlawful destruction
of property."
The Field Wide
If by-elections aro any guide a
largo majority of tho Canadian
people aro "opposed to organized
government" as It exists at Ottawa today, and the Held of candidates for exile is wide. But there
wns a special feature of this legislation, whereby hangs a tale whloh
should be brought to the attention
of all devout Imperialists, Prior
to the amendmonts ot 1919 lt was
Impossiblo to deport British-born
citizens from Canada once they
had been domiciled; their statue
was the same as that of native
Canadians. But lt happened that
the majority nf the leaders of the
Winnipeg striko were British-born,
and lt was decided to make an
oxample of them by a swift stroke
of deportation. In the past no
British Immigrant has ever taken
the trouble to secure naturalization certificates In Canada, nor
lias the step been necessary to Secure franchise or other privileges.
But tho amendments contained a
clause to the effect that everybody was liable to the deportation
procedure savo persons who had
actually boin born ln Canada_or
who had taken out naturalization
'Truncates. The Immediate object was to place the Wlnlnlpeg
leaders within the scope of the
law. and it also en route placed
all British-born Canadians in an
Inferior position to Germans who
had secured naturalization papers.
Its consequences deserve close attention. A and B are two sons di
parents who emigrated to Canada,
from Britain. A waa born In EngT.
land, B in Canada. A can be
deported, but B cannot. A marries In Canada and has two son*;'
he can be deported but his sons!
cannot. Luckily, ln the cose o£
the Winnipeg striko leaders tha
govornment stayed their hand in
time A timely resolution passed
at Southport by a Brlltsh LaboK
conference was one cooling faq-
tor, and there wero not ungrounded fears that a Brltlsh-born agitation, surpassing in fervor trie
campaign of 1911 over reciprocity,!
might develop. So whilst vorloijd
foreign "Reds" wero swiftly deported, a trial by Jury was conceded to the striko leaders of
British birth.
40,000 Apply for Passports''
The results arc not far to seek
and will perhaps tend to bring
about a better atmosphere. Forty
thousand Ukrainians are reported
to havo applied for passports to
go home and take their chance
with Bolshevism and Fetlura, and
other exiles are following suit,
Tho hanks do not like the withdrawal of deposits by thrifty customers, and the manufacturers already vlvsuallze a possible scarcity
of cheap ai)d docile foreign labor.
But tho legislation still remains
upon the statute books, and lf Mr.
Mackenzie King, the author of
Industry and  Humanity, does not
move for its repeal ln the early
.lays of next session, he will forfeit any claim . or hope to th*
eupport of Canadian labor.
1 Winnipeg Trttls
5| The first.of the long deterred
trials of the ten leaders in the
Winnipeg strike hie recontly ended. R. B. Russell, the business
agent of the Metal Trades Council
in Winnipeg, was indicted hy the
crown on two main charges of sedition and common nuisance. The
circumstances surrounding the
trial were far from satisfactory.
Most of the array of prosecuting
barristers had been prominent in
the counsels of 'the famous Citizens Committee which fought the
strikers and. allured by the prospect oi fat fees, had decided to
treat as a dead letter the old-
standing tradition of British bars,
that counsel must not accept
briefs In causes In Which they
themselves have been personally
Involved. As tor the judge, he
notoriously owed his Beat on the
bench to political attainments
rather than ta intellectual or legal
capacity. Government secret service men were let loose among
the JurymeA tb ascertain their political sympathies, and great care
seems to have been taken to select
a Jury whose "one hundred per
Cent. Cahadiahism" was assured.
The defence was not conducted
with the maximum of skill; too
great reliance Was placed on technical quibbling and emotional oratory, and several important points
wero omitted. But the feature of
tho trial Was the charge to the
jury by Mr. Justice Metcalfe, who
has now adorned the bench for
ten years. After the usual preliminary warnings and definitions
of sedition, conspiracy and other
crimes, his lordship traced the history of Russell's connection with
the Labor movement and the Socialist Party of Canada. There
was no dllfflcuity, he suggested, in
finding much that was seditious ln
the Socialist propaganda. He admitted that many words and deeds
now deemed seditious would have
been laughed at ten years ago,
but laid down the amazing doctrine that new definitions of sedition were necessary to meet the
changed conditions when bur
nerves are at tenBlon." He laid
stress upon the perils of Inflaming
the foreigner, who, of course, had
lleen earning fat wages while "our
boys" were making the worid safe
(for democracy in France. He then
dealt with the charge of nuisance
nnd urged that a striko which Inconvenienced the whole community
was a.nuisance. He drew a roseate picture of the happy lot of the
Canadian worker—which, if true,
should have rendered the latter
liroof against the wiles of agitators—and declared "The people own
this country it is the people's country." He also expressed the optimistic view that "everybody in
Canada can be reasonably woll oft
hnd have his children educated
in such a manner as Would give
them an opportunity to occupy almost any position in socioty." The
"loyalty" card he kept to the last
when he asked the Jury In dramatic
fashion: "Are sentiments of loyalty to be brought about by. Illegal
strikes, by force exercised therein,
by unlawful conspiracies? And
aftor a panegyric upon the Canadian constitution he ended with
the inevitable "Breathes there a
man," etc. This farrago of pseudo-
legal prejudice, which cannot be
dono justice to In a brief summary,
occupied three and a quarter hours
in delivery, and the Jury took
twelvo hours to roach a verdict.
They found Russell guilty on all
seven counts, and he was sentenced
to two years' Imprisonment for
each, the terms to run concurrently.
A defense fund has been raised
which will enable the case to be
taken to the highest court. Meanwhile the other trials are proceeding. One of the accused Is Mr. J.
S. Woodsworth, an ex-Methodist
clergyman and earnest social worker, who edited the Strike Bulletin
for a period, and among the
charges laid to his door Is that he
quoted from Isaiah tho verses beginning: "Woo unto them that
decree unrighteous decrees," etc.,
described as a libel seditiously published; and that he reprinted ox-
tracts fsfcm The Aims of Labour
and speeches of a lato member of
the British Cabinet, to wit, Mr.
Arthur Henderson. The! present
government of Canada, which with
the retirement of Sir Robert Borden has lost Its most liberal force,
has obviously not muoh to loarn
from Dublin Castle.—J. S. A. in
.lie New Statesman.
FAMILIES OF 'REDS"
BADLY TREATED IK U. S.
Left to Starve and Evicted by Co.
called Patriotic American Landlords
, Chicago—Demands for an Immediate senate investigation of tho
plight of tlie families of alleged
"reds" taken ln the January raids
will lie mnde by interested organizations, according to Miss Helen
Todd of New York city, who oamo
hero to enlist the aid of Chicago
'organizations In her work for these
dependents.   She said:
"These men were seized by department of justico agents and
dragged off to jails and detention
camps without ceremony. Thoy
were not even allowed to change
their clothes or collect their wages
jtluo from their employers. Thoy
jWore herded liko animals und thoir
fnmllies left to starve. Most of
the men nro fathers of small children. Many families of the raid victims hnvo been evicted because
"patriotlo" landlords wouldn't harbor "reds." Others are actually
starving, as the rosult of Palmer's
assault on those who held different
political beliefs."
Indianapolis—An attempt to
keep union mon off thc streets of
this city Is seen In tho arrost of 20
members of Local No. r,65 of the
Moldors Union for picketing. The
arrest was made under the terms
of an ordinance passed In September, 1919, prohibiting picketing.
Tho ordinance was udopted in an
attempt to break the Moldors
Union strike Just as It was becoming successful, tho molders claim.
What about renewing your sub.?
WORLD WIDE DEWS
miii iti* iff*
New York—Jourafclff in English,
French. Lithunlan, Italian, Yiddish,
Russian, Polish and Bohemian are
being published by the Amalgamated ClothTng Workers of America.
Chlcajro—A new agreement Is to
be presented to every union retail
Btore ih Chicago by the Retail
Clerks Union, i*ocM 'tfo. M5. Thfc
scale provides for a six-day, 48-
hour Week, and (or wage increases
ranging (rom 20 to 40 per cent.
Chtcago-^-Every Wag* earner in
the United States Is to be asked to
eeiitHbutt oh hour's Wage to the
war cheat of the American Labor
Party. Announcement of a giant
campaign to- reach the Remotest
member of the woiking class in an
effort to tally all lta forces for the
coming election, hai. been made by
Frank J. Eerper, national secretary
of the party.
Wheeling, ***W. Vox—Street car
workers here are organizing a co-
operative store whieh Will be Opened ln a tew Weeks. A chain of cooperative stores Is being formed ail
through thiB state ahd in Ohio.
Beattle—Ruby Herman, charged
with criminal syndicalism, and declared by the authorities to be the
state secretary of the Communist
Labor Party of Washington! has
been (reed on $8006 bail. Her
husband is serving a ten-year sentence (oi* opposing the military
draft
New York—Owing to the uninterrupted white tef+or in Hungary,
the Socialist Party at a conference
In Budapest, is considering dissolving the party and its press, accord-
ling to a dibpatch to the Jewish
Daily forward herp (rom its Vienna correspondent.
London—T. E. Mayior, chairman
Of the London Labor Party, and
secretary o( the London Society of
Compositors, has refused the order
of the British Empire offered to
him* Ih his letter of refusal, he
srtid: "I fell that distinctions of this
Hind are out of date in a democratic age."
London—The Actors Association
has Increased in membership In
one year from 1200 to 5686. In
the Juturft relations between managers and actors will be regulated
by standard forms of contract.
Manchester, Eng.—A plan tf
give 12 months' hospitality to 2000
children from the (amine district
of Central Europe is being elaborated here, with the active backing
of the t-abor Party. Bradford has
already Inv'ited a quota of children
tor a years stay.
London—The Hon. Bertrand
Russell, famous philosopher and
writer, has been reappointed to the
lectureship at Trinity College,
Cambridge. Ho was deprived of
this position because of his pacifist
attitude during the war. His pamphlet in defence of the conscientious objectors caused trouble for Its
distributors. Russell at once wrote
a letter to the Times declaring that
he, lf any one, should be punished.
He was accordingly fined $500,
whloh he refused to pay. Later he
was imprisoned under the Defense
of the Realm Act.
Milwaukee, Wis.—News has been
received here of the formation of
a potato peelers union in Chicago,
with the standard scale of f 6 a day
for an 8-hour day, three meals a
day, and time and half (or overtime. An editorial In the Organ!*
zed Farmer comments: "That
means that the peelers of the spuds
are getting all the way from $7.50
to $10 a day, while the growers
are getting for 16-hour workdays
all the way from $3 down to nothing. The reason for the difference
is that the peelers are organised,
While the growers aro 'free and independent' Americans, * * •
Well, suit yoursfelf."
Baltimore, Md.—A Labor College to bring education to tbe worker in the shops Is being organised
hero by the unions. Courses in
publio speaking, economics, current events and English will be offered for the first. Lecturers will
be obtained (rom John Hopkins
University, Qoucher College and
other Institutions in the vicinity.
Johannesburg, South Africa—A
pledge to support the Russian Soviet f.epubllc against all capitalist
governments, including Oreat Britain, was maco at the fifth annual
congress of the International So*
cialist League htlfl here. The
delegates voted (or affiliation with
SHOULD READ THIS
"JTECEtelTI W IHB
itof her or flttnwnoir"
Something ___* *» aim to
keep B6^ir ettom WU
big oat so fast,	
ceived the Mea that a hm
madeof thtlougtwotclmW
Wltn MI1IJ  imp Mt IP
Inforad on mi would do H.
W* l»v» found tli.t H
gtte. tbnt
time, tb.
Ldfcs'
Value
Patent   Leather   Oxfords,   made   with
Cuban or Louis heels „...
$6.95
$3.60
Child's Brown Calf Shoes; good looking, good wearing
footwear—
Sizes (kt\ tkt*   Sizes
5-71/2 :>. yo.onj 8-101/2 .
Child's Vcloyr Calf Button and Lace Shoes; all solid
leather-
Sizes                 (_e\ ma   Sizes *0 £A
b-P/z fbtCV 8.1di/2 ffc.OU
Misses' Blaek or Brown Calf Snabber Boots; medium
weight upper with heavy weight sole. This is a regular
$6.00 shoe. al 1 — „       ,, _.        .   .
Sizes 11-2, on sale       £4   _r£\
Boys'   storm   Calf   Bluchers;    heavy
double soles, orange stitched, brass eyelets; unequalled loi a moderately priced
•ho*.
Paris'
HAta
All Leather
Men's Blnck or
Brown Bonrdett
Cnlt Bflls. Goodyear welt soles. A
good looking dross
shoe but also one that will outwear
two pair of the usual. d»W Ag
Regular J10.00  '""'
Sises 1-5%
$4.20
SIHs  11-13»
$3.85
Footwear
Men's Pull Grain Chrome Tanned Work Shoes. Plain
toe with heavy sole, all sizes. *g OR
Regular $8.00, now >. ifDaUD
Men's Royal Brown Calf Bal.; recede toe; all solid
leather. This boot is worth $15.00 on * | /\ f\f\
today's market.  On sale at, pair $ 1 U.UU
REPAIRING
According to our figures, tho oost to you
of repairing Is Just onc-flftli the prloo of
new pair.
P.PARIS
51 Hastings W.
the Moscow International. A resolution was passed condemning
strike-breaking 'on the part of
white workers during the strikes
of the nogro workers in the railways, docks and mines, and calling
for a bettor spirit of solidarity.   A
programme of education and propaganda among the native, waa
outlined.
Our advertisers eupport the federatlonist. It Is up to you to Support them.
HOl'SL Of UOOD CLOTHES—FURNISHINGS OF QUALITY
HATS AM* OAFS
Phone Seymour 9SH
RICKSON'S
APPAREL FOR MEN
820 Granville St. Vancouver, B. C.
... A GRAND ...
Whist Drive
and Dance
WILL BE HELD IN THE
Dominion Hall
THURSDAY, MARCH 25th
THE PROCEEDS TO BE DONATED TO THE DEFENSE OF THE
LABOR MEN ARRESTED IN WINNIPEG
Under the Auspices of the Women's Auxiliary and the B. C. Defense
Committee
Refreshments WiU Be Served
Whist, 8 to 10 Dancing 9 to 1
TICKETS 50 CENTS EACH
Tickets can be obtained at the Federationist Office and Room 210 Labor
Temple and from members of the Defense Committee and Women's Auxiliary. PAGE SIX
twelfth year. no. 12    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    •'ancouveb, b. o.
Canadian National Railways
DAILY TRAINS
Io BDMONTON, SASKATOON, WINNIPEG,  "~
TORONTO, MONTREAL, ST. JOHN, HALIFAX
ud intermediate points '*
OsaaaetlMS l»r CENTRAL AHD EASTERN STATES
HIKE MONTH TOURS
9.00 A.M.-LBAVE VANCOUVER-9.00 A.M.
Mew Equipment—Choice of Bcutoe
Far further particulars apply to TOURIST  *  TRAVEL   BUREAU,  805
Hastings St., Wast, ar GENERAL PASSENGER DEPARTMENT,
Vancouver, B. 0.
FELLOW UNIONISTS
Bt eonslatent ud demand the Union Stamp on yonr boots ud
shoes. The following loeal Sims ate fair to Organized Labor and
in worthy of yonr patronage and rapport:
I. iMkla 0«.. Ui., 220 CsmUs Stmt.
■amy Beet Shop. 61 Oerdon St W.—Custom Making aid Repairs.
W. i. HMts, 20 wstor Stioot—Custom Making and Repairs.
Maelachlau-Tarlor Co., (3 Cordora Straet   Woat—Custom   Making
aad Repairs.
Baaaamlr Boot Shop. 6S1 Dnnamolr Street—Custom Making tad
Rosalia.
UNION BEPAIR SHOPS
"Nodolar" Shoo Repair Cempanr, 1017 Granville Street.
Standard Shoo Repair Shop, 611 Motion Stioot.
H. R. Thome, 2W Klagawsr.
Woods, Md., "K" Boot Shop, Ooldors aad Baatings Street West.
■. 0. Spaulding, 6971 rraaer Stioot, South Taacouver.
O. X. Tun, 1439 Commercial Drive.
r. Wells, 37(1 Main Stroot
F. Paulsen, let Broadway East.
Bo progresaiTe, Mr. Shoe Bepairer, ua get la touch witb Secretary Ton Cory, MS Vernon Drive.
-SOBSOBIBE TO-
The One Big Union
Bulletin
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Bead the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per year; $1.60 for aix montha
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Room 1, 630 Main St., Winnipeg, Man.
Vancouver Unions
▼ANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR
COUNCIL—I'resident, V. R. Midgley;
vice-president, J. Marshall; eecretary,  J.
R.   Campbrll;   tirusurer,    J.    Shaw;   ser-
fikntat-imtft, E. King; tmstees, W. A.
rltckiTd, J. S. Meraon, J. M. Clark, A.
i. WHmh. _____-_—_
ALLIED I'BINTIXG TRADEB COUN-
eil—Meets second Monday in the
■ontb. President, J. V. McConnell; aee
eatery. R- H. Neelands, P. 0. Bex 66. _
BRIDGE OTRUCTURACi uRNAHKNTAL
ud Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 97
—MeeU aecond and fonrtb Mondaya.
President Jas. Haitingi; financial sec-
mar ud treasurer, Ray Meaieear, Room
118 Ltbor Tampla.
fcJRGINEERS EMPLOYED IN THE
Lumber Industry (camp and mill)
■aat with fellow workers in tbat indni-
try. Organiao into tlie Lumber workera
Industrial Union of tbe 0. B. U. Headquarters, 61 Cordova St. W., Vancouver.
Phone &_y, 7856. 	
GENERAL WORKERS' UNIT. 0. B. V.—
Meeta every flnt and tbird Thursdays
ll the Month. Pres. A, J. Wilson, See.*
treas.. J. R. Campbell, Room 210 Labor
Temple.   Office  hours,  9 a.m.  ta •  p.m.
Phono Boy. Hi.	
HOTBL AND RESTAURANT EM-
plojeea, Lonel 88—Meeta every Iril
Wednesday in tht month at'2:80 p.m.
and every third Wednesday In tba month
at 0 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
secretary and bnslneas agent, A. Oraham.
OBee and meeting hall, 614 Pender St.
W. Phone Sey. 1681. Oftee hoars, 6
StM, to 0 p.m
Seriea 5—Meeta tha Snd and 4th Fridays
af tba month, Labor Temple, 6 p.m.
President, William Maylor; flnanclal aeeretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding aeeretary, W. Lta. Onea,
Roam 207 Laber Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hall, 'Jtun: Pleasant,
lit and 3rd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7
p.m. Pnaldent, R. Rigby; recording
secretary, V. E. Griffin, 447—6th Avenue
East; treasurer. F. aldawey: flnanclal
(ternary nnd business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dumfries Street; office corner
Prior aid Mala 8th. Pbone^ fair. 1604 E.
TVl'OailAPHlOAL UNION No. 226—
Meets lait Sunday of eaeh month at
2 p.m. President, W, 8. Thomson; vice-
president, C. H. Collier; secretarytreas*
urer,  R. H.  Neelands,  Bos 66.
Provincial Unions
!j<?Kft* ATION AL JEWELRY WORK-
en* Ualon—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 366 Labor Templt. President, W.
Wilson, 2'-'39 Granville Street; secrotary,
K. T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings St. E.; recording-sec retary, L. Holdsworth, 639—
14th Ht. W., North Vancouver.
U'11 BER WORKERS' INDUSTRIAL
Union ef the One Big Union—Afflliated
with I. 0. Federation af Ubor and
Vancouver Trades and Laber Cnnncll—
An Industrial anion of all workers la
■•fling Md construction camps. H»*ad-
(uurtera, 61 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, 1, 0. Phone Bey. 7856. E,
Winch, eeeretary-treaiurer; legal advis-
an, Messrs. Bird, Macdonald A Co., Van*
caftvor, B. 0.; auditors, Meesn. Bitter
A Chlene, Vancouvtr, B. 0.
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S
AatoelatieH, Loenl 38-82—Offlre and
ball, 804 Pender Street Wait. Meets flrst
and third Fridays, 8 p.m. Secretary-
•reasurer, Thomas Nlien; business agent,
Feter Siaclair.
AMALGAMATED MEAT CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 648—
Metis flrat wd third Tuesdays of each
neath, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. Pnsldent,
John Stark; financial aeeretary and hurt-
aesa agent, T. W. Anderson, 687 Homer
MILLWORKERS EMPLOYED IN THE
Luibcr Industry, organise into the L.
W. I. U. of the 0. B. U. Millwort-
en' sections meet as follows:
Vancouver—Lumber Workers' headquartera, 61 Cordova St. W. Every Monday
I p.m.
Hew Weatminster—Labor Hall. cor. Royal
Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesdays at 6 p.m.
fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville. 2nd aad 4th Thursday, 8 p.m.
fori Moddy—Orange Hall, 2ml and 4th
Fridays at 8 p.m.
MINE, MILL AMD SMELTER WORK*
en1 Unit of the One Big Union, Until*
Kerens Miners—YtaWflvel, TJ. 0., head-
VMKn, It Cordova Street West. All
•♦rkers engaged la this Industry are
urged te join the Union before going on
Ike Job. Don't wait to he organized, hit
etganize younelf.
tATTKRN MAKERS' LEAGUE 0*
North America (Vaneoaver ud vicinity)—Branch meete aecond and fonrth
Mondays, Room 204 Lahor Temple. President, Wm. Hunter, SIB Tenth Ave, North
Vancouver; flnanclal iecretary, E. Gad-
dud, 866 Richards Street; recording sre-
ntery,  J.   D.   RnEsell,   928   Commercial
Drive.   Pbcne High. 8204R,	
•HlptiRD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
Fasteners,   I.L.A..   Loeal   Union   88A.
B. 0. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Meeta
in annual convention in January. Excutive offleen, 1918-18: President, 3.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vanconver;
vlce-prcsldenti—Vancouver leland: Cumberland, J, Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rnpert. Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Geo. McMurpliy; West Kootenay, Silverton, T. B. Roberts; Orow'e
Nest Pats, W. B. Phillips, Fernie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary, treasurer. A. S.
Wills. Labor Temple, 406 Dunsmalr Bt,
Vancouver, B. C.
^VICTORIA, *. 0.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES
and Labor Council—Meeta flrst and
third Wedneadaya, Knights ef Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Presl*
dont, E. S. Woodward; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; aeeretary-treasurer, Christian
BiverU, P. 0, Box 802, Victoria, B. 0.
FBXKOE RUPERT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT CENTRAL LABOR
COUNCIL, 0. B. U .--Meets every eecond and fourth Tacsday ia the 0. B, U.
Hall, corner Sixth avenue and Fulton
street, at 8 p.m. Meetinga open to all 0.
B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D.
S. Cameron. Box 217, Prince Rnpert. B.C.
Pbone Sey. 321      Day or Night
Nunn, Thomson ft Olegg
FUNERAL DIRECTORS
6S1 Homer flt.  Vancouvor, B. 0.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, 85
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tba
ScobeU Drag Co., St. Catherines, Ontario.
PHOSPHONOLforMEN
Restores Vim and Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonic
—will build yon up. $3 a box, or two for
#5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. Tha Scobell Drag Co., St, Catharines, Ontario.	
Chicago—Because union operators in the moving picture houses
here have demanded that no pictures attacking the .principle* of
organized labor or the American
Labor Party be shown, they have
been informed that a war to the
finish, not only on the operators
union, but on those of the Bill
Posters, the Theatre Janitors, tho
Cashiers and the Ushers, has boen
doctored by Samuel Atkinson,
manager of the Allied Amusement
Association.
Put  a  one-cent  stamp  on   this
paper and mail It to a friend.
ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone Iniowi tbat cheap gooda can only be procured
by using cheap material* and employing cheap labor.
CASCADE BEER
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
LETTERS TO
TD.
South Vancouver Bonded Indebtedness
Editor B, C. Federatlonist: As
representative of thc largest Hate-
payers Association in Canada—the
executive ot South Vancouver
Ratepayers Protective Association
—may we have space to1 direct attention to the methods adopted by
Commissioner Gillespie to secure
what he Is reported to have described as "the consent of the residents" to increase the bonded indebtedness ot the municipality,
which he has been delegated by
the government to get out of debt
and to restore the finances to a
sound condition.
At a meeting of the municipal
advisory board, a body selected by
the commissioner, a recommendation was made that 1200,000 bc
borrowed for the purpose of putting certain roads Into condition
for auto traffic. The commissioner
said he could not agree to the proposal without the consent of South
Vancouver public bodies, "such as
the Board of Trade."
The Board of Trade accordingly
held a special meeting, at which
the proposal to borrow J200.000 for
road work was unanimously adopted, with a recommendation that
bonds be Issued and sold locally.
It would have been very strange
if the Board of Trade had not endorsed this proposal, in view of the
fact that the municipal advisory
board and the Board of Trade
comprise almost the same membership. And it Is surely significant that the advisory board and
the Board of Trade include among
their membera road work contractors, who have already done a considerable amount of contract work
in the municipality since the advent of Commissioner .Gillespie;
plumbing and heating contractors,
who have had a considerable share
of municipal and school work since
November, 1918, when the commissioner'took office; dealers in gasoline, who have supplied the municipal autos and fire trucks with
"gas;" painters and decorators and
others who have been, or are at
the present time employed by the
municipality in various capacities.
In view of the above facts, is it
matter for surprise that the municipal advisory board and the Board
of Trade unanimously favor, increasing the bonded Indebtedness
of the municipality? Would it not
be a wonderful thing if they did
not urge increased expenditure, necessitating awarding contracts?
And under the ciicumstance^, is it
surprising that the Ratepayers
Protective Association views with
eome suspicion attempts to ask
further borrowings at the expense
of resident ratepayers?
This association has a .larger
membership than any other ratepayers association In the Dominion,
yet it is completely ignored by
Commissioner Gillespie. We often
wonder why.
Yours, etc.,
A. C. W. GAGE, President.  '
D. A. TIBBOTT, Vice-president.
WILLIAM ROSS, Secretary.
M. O. COLLINS, Treasurer.
J. M. STEWART, Auditor.
South Vancouver, March 12, 1920
B. 0. Federation of Labor
Editor B. C. Federationist: I
read your leader this week, fully
epecting to see your comments on
the dissolution of the British Columbia Federation of Labor through
it having accomplished Its work,
whether for or against. I must say
that the Labor representation ln
the Dominion house, also Provincial house, and on civic bodies,
doesn't argue so well for It having
accomplished Its work. But no
doubt those who voted in favor of
dissolution think that nothing can
be gained by political action, but
only by concentrating our machinery on industrial action, and no
doubt there is sense in the argument. But the workers aB a whole
have not come to that class-consci-
ous*Ktatc to grasp this idea. But
there are many shades of opinion
In the working class, and I think
there are many workers fn British
Columbia who would like to have
seen thc Federation of Labor still
In existence, to bring all Labor
bodies such as the S. P. of Canada,
Co-operative Societies, Trade
Unionists, whether O, B. U, or International, or any other Labor
bodies on one platform In the political field, becauso we have an enemy to fight, the press, financial
itnerests and ignorance, These are
sufficient to fight against, without
being divided among ourselves. I
would very much like to see others
express thcir opinion.
JOHN H1TCHRN.
P. S.—I think if thero had been
20 working men representatives in
the  Dominion   House,  it wouldn't
have needed representatives to go
to England on behalf of defense.
265 Milton Street,
Nanalmo, B. C,
March 13, 1920.
MOSES BARITZ GETS
DEPORTED FROM K. Z.
Well Known Socialist Lcrfnifr Is
Not Wanted by New Zealand
Authorities
Wellington, N, Z.—The first man
to be deported from New Zealand
under the Undesirable Immigrants
Extension Act was Moses Barits, a
lecturer on Marxian Socialism- from
Manchester, England, and well-
known In Canada. Baritr. is a member pf the British Socialist Party,
and waB brought to New Zealand
by lhe Wellington Marxians. He
delivered a series of lectures, and
was pursued by government shorthand reporters, who took down his
evory word.
Falling to gulli any evidence from
hlH speeches which would suffice
for his deportation, an excuse was
soon discovered. It was pointed
out thnt the name Moses Barltz
was very similar to Morltis Barlt-
skl, an associate of Emma Goldman
American anarchist.
The attorney general, Sir Francis
Bell, thereupon ordered him deported to Sydney, New Soutli
Wales.
Paris—Victory has been accorded the French eoal miners, who began the year with a demand for the
provision of pensions. A strike wus
scheduled for Feb. 16, tlfltn postponed to March 1. Following tho
capitulation of thc minister of Labol' to thc men's demands, the
strike order has been withdraws.
Sharp Clashes in the
Winnipeg Trials
i;
(Continued from page 1)
___■
as regards spotters. That man
neth comes here and says he s|l<
a lot of literature up In Calgary,
(hat h? was a literature agent. It
was very simple for him to afterward tell what houses to' go td' lit
search of banned literature. Vrk
going to ask you Jurymen If this
isn't a type of the old Czardom be*
Ing played off ln Canada? Isn't
it like old Russia, a country which
was rotten with spies, and where
they put the finest brains into exile
In Siberia.
Not Men But Movements
"It isn't seven men you are trying in this case, but movements of
men. We never were obliged to
Mr. Andrews or crown counsels' in
the past for that freedom which
we enjoy. It was won for us in
spite of the ruling classes. Mr.
Andrews and crown counsels In the
past were not the ones who sought
human progress. Look back and
we see the movement, we see the
ruling class opposing that movement, yielding here and there because of those opposing it. When
we look back on thia time we will
Bee the movement, and see Mr.
Andrews trying to retard that progress of the human race. It does
not matter very much in the development ot Canada whether we
seven men go to jail or not, that's
a mere bag-atelle. But It does
matter In the life ot Canada if
these rights dearly won for us, go
to Jail for it Mr. Andrews says
he'd be glad lf you could bring in
a verdict of not guilty. I don't
think they mean it and I don't
think Mr. Andrews means lt.
Lawyers Can Be Paid to Ue.
You notice in thiB case Mr. Andrews has carefully selected these
newspapers. We have invited him
to put in all Instead of little parts
of them. Is this method ln harmony with Mr. Andrews' statement that he has a whole lot more
than he has put in. We have tried
to make his lordship make Mm
put in more. You can't get a man's
intentions from- one part of his actions, you can get lt trom the
whole.
Lawyers can be paid to Ue. Your
lordship said they could be paid to
lie.
Mr. Andrews, chief crown prosecutor, objected to this declaration,
but R. A. Bonnar ot defence counsel, answered him. Your lordship
said that to me myself, and Mr.
Queen is repeating what was "
in this court room. Judge
calte declared he sometimes said:
things jokingly. Queen then i attacked the government's case <fom
another angle.
Workers Not Better Off.
Of all the witnesses ln this case
Mr. Bonnar asked one ot the Paf-
nell bread men ahout his waites,
Queen asserted. He said he _Ht
eighty dollars a month. Yet "Mr.
Andrews says the workers were
never better-oft than they are1 today, ke a matter of fact the statement that they are better off Is
not correct. The worker is getting
Into a worse and not a better condition. I am a member ot the social welfare commission helng appointed by the city. We don't
provide those under our care with
any more than the bare necessities. We had a statement at a
meeting of that commission a couple of weeks ago that during 1919
groceries increased twenty-five per
cent, over 1918, that Is of the absolutely necessary groceries with
no luxuries. Bread Increased three
and one-half per cent. Milk four
teen ner cent., wood ten per cent,
and rents increased nineteen per
cent These were the percentage
increases prepared by the social
welfare commission. I submit to
you gentlemen that wages in the
city ot Winnipeg have not increased to that extent Yet Mr.
AndrewB charges us with creating
the unrest. You have the basis of
it right here. Then we have a
shortage of houses with the workers doubling up. Yet Mr. Andrews
says tbat they were never better
off in their lives.
Thrift Is Their Middle Name.
Mr. Andrews says thrift is a
good thing. My wife has it down
to a Bcience. So it is with all the
workers. Thrift is their middle
name. The capitalists are always
preaching to the workers to be
thrifty. Very likely Mr. Andrews
spends more on his automobile in
a month than the avefage worker
gets. I do resent men like Mr.
Andrews telling the workers they
have got to be thrifty. I wonder
what his wifo would say it he went
home with eighty dollars a month
and told her she would have to be
thrifty and save some of that?
He says we set capital and labor
ln hostility. I can't see how they
could well be anything else. I
want to show you there are classes
In Canada—I want to tell you a
class, the capitalist class, owns
everything while there is a class
which owns nothing except that
energy developed in thetr body and
called labor power. Let me picture to you how the worker must
ask of that capitalist class the privilege to live—a Job.
Describes Life of Worker. ,.L
Here the eloquent labor man described the life of the average
worker who received tos than
twenty-live per cent, of his product, a product which he cannot
buy back though his little ones
suffer for the want of it. He went
into an exposition of the modern
system.
So we point out a change in com
ing. Do we make tho change? The
workers must organize. The situation is becoming more acute 'he
cause thc life of tho workerB is ibe
coming moro harsh. I wont to sa)
that discontent with these conditions Is one ot the moBt promising
signs of thc times.
Yet -Mr. Andrews says there Is
no sweeter thing than work. He
then described modern factory lite
Including the Taylor efficiency system, nnd how the worker Bees himself thrown on tlio scrap heal) after
twenty or twenty-Ova years, because some other mar. is then able
to produce more. It's all very woll
for a lawyer to talk about sweetness of life. Am I creating discontent or doing servico by morely
pointing tliem out.
Pointing nut how some workert;.
belfeved in constitutional government methods of reform he su'U,
we've heen shocked lately for what,
about tiie men tlie worker elects
to represent, him, to get expression
for his aspirations.   In these very
constitutional bodies there's a new
way of dealing with that.
They've discovered a new way
in Canada — arrest that man because he expresses the new aspirations of the workers. I have had
my actions in the city council criticized. I was sent there by the
workers to give expression to these
very sentiments and because I did,
I flnd myself here. I've been elected three times npw, The workers
put me In that city council to give
expression to these very* aspirations. Because I have done that in
a constitutional way, I an) here.
Mr. Andrews tries to hold that
thing up to make it appear that 1
am guilty ot seditious conspiracy
for so doing.
Queen then went into evidence
of various witnesses, declaring that
tho evidence was all given by witnesses hostile to us, and some of
whom by their attitude must have
revealed to you their desire for
conviction. -
Charge* Andrews With Trickery.
He charged Andrews with trickery because a witness told about
anti-conscription riots two or three
years ago, and another said they
were looking for Queen at another
time, he declared any juryman
might flnd himself in the same position. You say certain things,
Queen explained. Some one down
in Montreal had a book, someone
in Timbuctoo had a book, and
someone in Vancouver thought the
same. Why Mr. Andrews eould
bring that together to show seditious conspiracy.
No evidence was put in to show
that he was at Quebec conference,
although he could speak favorably
dence has even been shown to you
om many who were there. No evi-
that I was even a member of a
trade union, Queen said, so that by
the wildest stretch ot the imagination they can't in aay way connect
me up with the Quebec conference.
That doesn't reflect on the Quebec
conference. I make no attempt to
get out from under the fact that I
was there, does not mean ti.at I
in any way condemn the Quebec
conference or that lt puts its legality in doubt, i
The workers felt, and felt for a
long time, that they were not being
treated as well as they might be
by these executives over in the
United States, the labor men said
in explaining why western labor
delegatea favored a new organization. When they required financial
assistance, they telt that the old
arrangement didn't work to the advantage of Canadian workers.
Mr. Andrews told you that these
men sought to establish a dictatorship in Canada. Does that look
like it, when they asked that vote
of the entire membership of trade
unions In Canada be taken to decide whether or not the form of
organization should be changed. Is
there anything ln that which looks
like dictatorship? But Mr. Andrews
Bays thla is the flrst link ln a chain
of dictatorship. Here the speaker
pictured a convention ot farmers
being held in the eaet, where Manitoba tillers at the soil wer eout
voted, and how they came hack
west to form more effective organisation. Are you Manitoba farmers entitled to take your own actions? he asked. Some of the most
innocent little acts and incidents,
not in any way related at all, have
been brought together ln this court
to co-relate in an attempt to show
seditious conspiracy. Haven't the
farmers got a paper, the Grain
Growers Guide? It may be used
next year to show tlie part of seditious conspiracy on the part of the
farmers.
Wearing Red Ties.
One witness. Lovatt, said I was
a member ot Trades and Labor
Council. No evidence, however.
was given that I was a member ot
a Trade Union and, If I was not a
momber of a Trade Union, how
could I be delegate to Trades Council when Trades Unions appoint
delegates to sit in the Trades Council.
Mr. Andrews says, these weren't
requests but demands, Queen said,
referring to resolutions passed at
Walker Theatre. You know how
they stood you off and us oft. It
has become a habit of the country,
In presenting your desires to the
government, to demand, and it is
natural to frame it as a demand.
Possibly the most important question ln this trial Is whether, when
a man takes part in such meeting
as this, tells the government his
desires, does so openly, publicly, in
public meeting, whether that man
is going to be hauled into court on
charge of seditious conspiracy and
be charged with setting class
against class? ■_ I submit there Is
not a political' question you can
discuss without showing these differences between people. Mr. Andrews—he was a little angry that
time—referred to one man Blumen-
berg, having red ties and Queen,
alderman of the city of Winnipeg,
making no protest.
So much of a pick here, and pick
there, that's all that is attempted
by the crown. Not one of witnesses came forward to give you a full
account of what took place at any
of these meetings. Judge Metcalfe
at the resumption ot the Wednesday afternoon session would not
permit reference to the attitude ot
allied governments ln the peace
conference regarding Russia after
Queen had endeavored to use it
to explain the Walker Theatre resolution about withdrawal ot troops
from Russia. Boing barred from
reading this,- Queen then read a
letter from an exhibit (copy ot Red
Flag) containing a letter from a
member of the Royal Scots who
criticized the war on Russia's
workers.
Claims Meeting Legal.
I claim that meeting held there
was legal, Justified, and cannot be
hold in any way as part of a seditious conspiracy. When we passed
that resolution there was no state
ot war on with Russia, no declaration ever having been made. The
Russians didn't want to figlit.
The Censorship,
In the press censorship there was
a deliberate attempt to keep the
facts from people of Canada. Wc
folt the war wbb over, and that
tlio government had no further
need of the censorship, and that
these orders in council should be
withdrawn. Isn't it a deliberate
attempt to control the minds nf
Canadian people by one class of
people, when you have men sit to
tell you that, yon can read only one
kind of literature? isn't that a direct attempt to control the people's
thoughts? Andrews referred to
hooks In doctors' offices which ho
wouldn't jet his children read, using this us tin Illustration or how
certain radical litoraturo might he
dangerous In the hands ot boiuo
people. There isn't a book in a
doctor's offlce I wouldn't let my
children read, I never flnd lt necessary to tell them a bunch of
lies on any question. _
The censors passed these papors
(the crown) have the paper and
won't put lt In. We wanted this paper all put in so it could be revealed
to you the real intention of the men
behind these articles. At this point
R. A, Bonnar of defense counsel,
poked fun at Andrews. We let him
run down, he said. 1 shall never forget my learned friend's quotation of
poetry at the end of his speech. You
remember the witness Reames, he
must be a good one for he's Inspector now telling how we marched up
during the anti-alien riots, Queen
continued. No evidence has been
submitted to this court to show the
police tried to stop the alien riots
in north Winnipeg.- There's a"reason. There are changes coming today and they are sweeping the
world, though they're not ready
made by any man, Queen declared
in referring to evidence given by
Mrs, Lipsett Skinner, a woman who
described herself as a journalist.
She said that she called up Queen
on the telephone to obtain an interview and that he said the workers were going to take over the industries. She then asked if we had
any plans made yet, she told the
court, Queen said, ln relating the
incident. I let her into tlie secret
that we hadn't, he said laughingly.
These changes are coming out nf
the needs of the people, Queen saifl,
again becoming serious. If I said
the workers would have to take
control it is because of a study of
the development of society. When
I find conditions getting acute be-
caus of improved machinery I
know that changes must come as
the needs of the people determine.
There's only one thing you can tell
them—No, not yet. This Bystem ia
only a development. We shall have
Instead of a system of production
for proflt a new system of production for use. Where industry shall
be 'or use and supplying the needs
of the people that doesn't come
through any set plnn. In Russia
they can drive'people to excesses,
ln England it may come in another
way. •
W-hen Queen asked why crown
didn't call Mrs. Niblctt, who when
Queen asked why the crown didn't
call Mrs. Niblett who it was said
she telephoned Queen about the
Montreal Star Intorvlew, Andrews
objected. We didn't call half our
witnesses, he 'said.
Bonnar: "If I had been crown
counsel I wouldn't have called half
of them."
Queen; "Just what I was going
to say."
Judge Metcalfe: "I utterly refuse
to have'all witnesses called in the
police court here."
Jury forman (shocked): "Bring
all witnesses back again?"
Judge Metcalfe: "Mr. Bonnar
made an application that I call all
the' rest of them and I refused.
There has grown up here a practice
by defense to mako the crown call
more witnesses.
Mr. Bonnar: "You remember I
objected strenuously to crown ea
ing about fifteen witnesses whose
names were not on the back ot the
Indictment? There waa one witness
not mentioned, and whose name 1
need not discuss. The defense made
strenuous efforts early in the case
to have Duschund, Mountod Police
spy, who disappeared, called as a
witness. Although not presont at
the Calgary conference, Queen upheld the right of the workers to organize.
If these trade unions picked out
Socialists to represent them at Col-
gory, it was their right, he said.
Trade unionists of the most conservative type themselves select Socialists to represent them tho same
as In negotiations as with employ-
ers they nearly always select Socialists because they ore able to
grapple with such problems, while
these men were at Calgary they
were representing their trade union, not representing themselves as
individuals, or Socialists, but as
trade unionists. If the workers of
Western Canada felt that the craft
uuion form of organisation is not
sufficient to meet the demands of
the present day they had a right to
favor another form. If they wanted to change their form of organ-
iwttion, to break with tti* American
Federation of Labor and link up
with the One Big Union, I'm going
to submit that this was a natural
development amongst the workers,
Ho then showed the development
in Industry and the need • for industrial unionism.
Labor, as an organization, has as
a weapon the withdrawing of labor
power, and does not like to use it.
Queen continued. When It Is
brought Into court charged with
seditious conspiracy for using it,
what about the omployers' associations. They have employers associations, boards of trade? Are they
brought Into court? They hold up
sugar, paper and other commodities. Gentlemen, these employers
would have all organizations to
themselves, and because they have
them that's why they'd seek to keep
the workers from organizing.
LAST LABOR MAN
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BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
£40 SUMMER STBEBT, BOSTON, MASS.
OOLLIS LOVELY, General President— CHAS. h. BAIME, General Sec.-TreM.
Frank Morrison, secretary of the
American Federation of Labor, was
In Montreal last week, completing
preliminary arrangements for the
annual convention of the A, F. of
L„ which is to be held in that city
in June.
The Sointula Co-operative Society mnde a net profit of $1294.89
last jri.nr. Besides share capital, th*
members have placed $8800 at tho
disposal of the society In the form
of loans (which draw no Intereat)
lo help their own Atore,
List of O.B.U. Units and Names
and Addresses of Secretaries
Toreito Onttftl Libor Ceuacil — E. fl.f Bsllmd Vait, ltiaden, Mis.—M«i! Shaw,
Labor Party Xow F-nttrely Severed
from British Coalition
Government
London—The Labor Party be
came entirely disassociated from
the government in administrative
worlt with the resisnation Thureday of George J. Wardle, parliamentary secretary to the ministry
of Labor. The food controller, G.
D. Roberts, Labor member for
Norwich, and George NIcoll Barnes
minister without portfolio, and Labor member for Glasgow, recently
resigned.
The press has boen pcrdlcting
tor some timo Labor would sever
itself from the government offices
and leave Itself free to conduct
a campulgn for the ©otabltohment
of a Labor Kovernment.
Big Waterfront Strike
New York—Leaders of the fcliik-
ing longshoremen who went on
slrllfQ Saturday, said a general
strike would be called unless thc
employers "show some Inclination
to granting the demands at once."
Thirty-two ships aer tied up In
New York harbor and are unable
to move their, cargoes. A completo tieup of.all -parts of the coast
Is expected. Teamsters and lighterman have joined the longshoremen In -refusal to move cargo at
the piers on strike.
Patronize Fed. advertisers.
Bulcs, 686 Ontario street, Toronto, Unt.
Ttaudet Bay District Central Labor Cowa-
dl—E. E. Hykr.., IU, Usrkans sired,
Fort WUlUio, Ont.
WlaaliH Oratnl Labor Council- -r. W.
Woodward, Room 2, Hnlmiin Mock, TiO
Bannktyat avenne, Winui|itK.
Edmonton Otatrtl Labor Council—Curl A.
. Berg,   1033.1—mut street,  Kdimintoa,
Alta.
Calgary Central Laber CmbcU—L. lloej,
434—-ISth avenue east, Calgary, Altd.
Frisco Bnpott Central Labor Council —
P. S. Cameron, Box 217, Prince llntit-rt,
B. U.
Vaieoavor Trades sad Labor Council —
. R. J. Campbell, Room 210, Labor
Templo, Vancouver, B. C.
FUt Drlvors and Wtadoa Bridfomon, Vancouver, B. C—'J'. Hewitt, 210 Labor
Temple, Vanconver, B. C,
Oworal Workora* Unit, Vanemvor, B. 0.
—R. J. Campbell, Ttoom 210, Labor
Temple!, Vancouver, B. C.
Laundry aad Factory Workors, Vancouver, B. 0.—11. J. Campbell, Room 210
Labor Temple, Vancouver, B. C.
Marine Fireman and OUan' Unit, Vancouvor, B. 0.—Earl King, 814 Cordova
stroet west, Vancouver, B. C.
0. B. V. Woman's Auxiliary, Vaneouvar,
B. C —Mrs. V. A. Alexander, 1810
Semlln drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
Fait Mann Bailway Workon' Unit, N. W.
—P. W. Houghton, 20 Alike street, New
Westminster, B. C.
OU Bofluery Workers' Unit, loco, B, C—
K. ■>. Miller, loco, It. C.
Lumbar Workora' Industrial Units af tko
0. B. V. District OfflcM—Kriifst Winch,
61 Cordova street west, Vancouver, B,
C; T. Mace, Box 300, Webber Hal),
Fort Francis, Ont.; K. Waterson, 1424
Government street, Victoria, B. C.; Andrew Dickie, Box 8, Merritt, B. O.j P.
G. Anderson, 201 Bay street, Fort Arthur, Ont.; C. Berg, 10833 — 101st
street. Edmonton, Alta.; J, J. Thompaon, Box 18, Cranbrook, B. C.;.T. h,
Peterson, P. 0. Box 812, Kamloops, B.
«.; K. Match, Box 197, Keleon, B. O.J
3. Stephenson, Drawer 20, Prlnee
George, B. C; J. H. Burrough, P. 0.
Box 838, Princo Rupert, B. C; Geo.,.
Tether, 108—8th Btreet east, Prince
Albert, Sask.; W. Cowan, Box 000,
Sudbury Hotel, Sudbury, Out.; H. V.
Mi-Knight, 9G Lang street, Cobalt, Ont.;
R. 8. Baxter, Box "B", Princeton, B.
0.
Metal Minors, Eossland, B. 0.—George
Dingwall, P. 0. Box 128, Rossland
B. 0.
Motal Miners, Vancouver, B. 0. — E,
Winch, 01 Cordova street west, Van*
couver, B. C.
Metal Minora, Nelson B. 0.--E. Mutch, P.
0. Box 197, Kelson, B. C.
Mill and Snw.tennan's Unit, Trail, B. 0.
—F. 0. Campbell, Drawer 26, Trail, B.
0.
Metal Miners, Silverton, B. 0. — T. B.
Roberts, P. 0. Box 85, Silverton, B. 0.
Motel Ulnars, Sandon. B. 0.—T. B. Roberts, Drawer K.,  Sandon, B. C.
Hedloy Workora* Unit — T. R. Wilier,
Hedley, B. C.
Motal Miners. Hedloy, B. 0.—T, H. Andrews, Hedloy, B. C.
Metel Miners, Kimberley, 8. 0. — Fred
Atkinson, Klmberley, B. C,
General Workers' Unit, Victoria, B. ft—
E. Waterson, 1424 Government street.
Victoria, B. C.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Maaaimo, B. ft—Andrew Dean, Msnatmo, B, 0.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Cumberland, B. ft—
Jos. Naylor, Box 415, Cumberland, B.
C.
Oaal Minors' District Board—E. Browne,
Taber, Alberta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Feriie, B, ft—Harold
Bowen, Drawer 829, Fernle, B. 0.
Oaal Minors' Unit, Bellovue, Alte.—John
Brooks, Bellevue, Alta.
Coal Minors' Unit, Aerial, Alta.—R. Rich-
nrds, Aerial, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Commerce, Alta.—T,
0. Williams, Commerce, Alta,
Ooai Minors' Unit, Coleman, Alte.—Thomas Beattie, Coleman, Alta.
Ooal Minors' Unit, Coalhurst. Alta. —
Percy Spencer, Box 318, CoalhurBt,
Alta.
Oaal Miners' Unit, Canmore, Alta.-—Harry Klsema, Box 203, Canmore, Alta.
Oaal Minors' Unit, Blairmore, Alta.—Rod
McDonald, Box 175, Blairmore, Alta.
Ooal Minora' Unit, Brule, Alta. — Wm.
Moldowan, Box 71, Brule, Alta,
Fisherman's Unit, Sointula, B. 0.—G.
Maitland, Sointula, B. C.
Oaal Miners' Unit, Bdmonton, Alta. —
Carl E. Berg, 10333—101st street, Edmonton, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit. Drumbeller, Alta. —
Arthur Kvanc, Nae Mine, Drumheller,
Alta.
Ooai Miners' Unit, Nordegg. AHa.—Oeorge
Faruworth, Brnzeau Mines, Nordegg,
Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Michel, B, 0. — J.
Walsh, Natal. B. C.
Oaal Minors' Unit, Lethbridge, Alta.—W.
Potter, general delivery, Lethbridge,
Alta.
Begal Mlno Unit. Taber, Alta.—C. M.
Merritt, Regal Mine*. Taber, Alia.
Ooal Minors' Unit, Taber, Alta. — Alex
Patterson, Taber, Alta.
Transportation Unit, Edmonton. Alte.
flenarai Workers, Edmonton, AUa,
Transportation Unit, Oalgary  Alta.
Building Tradaa, Edmonton, Alta. — Jas.
Penman, 11888—GOth street, Edmonton,
Alta.
Miscellaneous Unit, Oalgary, Alta. — L.
Hney, 434—HMk avenue esst, Calgary,
Alta.
Radville, Unit Sask.—A. Casey, Radlvlle,
Huxk.
General Workors, Begina, Sask. — Lee
ttelf. 2176 Froder street, Reglna, Sask,
Transportation Unit, Saskatoon, Sask. —
J. Beal, 209 Avenue D south, Saska*
toon, Sask.  (Nre.)
Transportation Unit, Saskatoon, Sask, —
J,-Bryce, 620 Avenne M south, Saskatoon, Sask, (Rnc.-Hec.)
Miscellaneous Unit, Brandon, Kan.—Oeo.
ftralg, 517 Rosser avenue, Brandon,
Man,
632 Firat street, Brandon, Man.
Dauphin Unit, Manitoba — Mr. Vainer,
Dauphin, Man. ,
Transportation Unit, Traatcaaa, Man, —
D. H. Duncan, Transcona, Van.
Transcona Unit—W. J. McNeil, 792 fino
street, Winnipeg, Man.
Bakers and Confectionery, Winnipeg, Maa.
—J. Penner; 661 L»in,si*la street, Winnipeg, Man.
Barbers' Unit, Winnipig, Man. - II, A.
Msinhurst,  48  K.Ue  street, Winnipeg,
Man.
Orant Unit, Ontario — S. W. Iron nle*
Grant, Ont.
Fart Bougo Unit—C. P. Cooper, 723 Dn*
ley avenae, Winnipeg, Man.
Canadian Pacific Bailway Unit, Winnipeg,
Man.—H.  R.   Lane,    1549    Alexandei
avenuo, Winnipeg, Man.
Metal Trades' Unit, Winnipeg, Man. —
Wm. Pool, 720 Home mi-eel, Winnipeg,
Man.
Eloctrical Workers' Untt, Winnipor. Man.
—H. Cottrell, Labor Temple, Winnipeg.
Man.
Oleva Workers' Unit, Wianipog. Maa. —
Mies Greer,   154   Burroufhe   avenue,
Winnipeg, Man.
Lady Garment Workers, Winnipeg, Man.
—M. Brown.  424  Hlella aveuue, Winnipeg, Man.
Miscellaneous Unit,  Winnipeg, Maa. —
Miss R.  Lamb,   1566   Pacific   avenue,
Winnipeg, Man.
Painters1  Ualt.  Winnipeg. Man. — D.
Walsh, 246 Kenni'dv street,  Winnipeg,
Man.
Sheet Metal Workers'   Unit,   Winnipeg,
Maa.—W.   Stone,   194   Qecleh   sinct,
Winnipeg, Man.
Steam and Oporating Engineers, Wlnnipog, Man.—A,  Cooper,  Allmsi  block,
Winnipeg. Mu.
Teamsters, Winnipeg, Man.—D. McLean,
860 Cathedral avenue, Wlna.prf, Man.
Tailor's Unit, Wlnnipog, Man. — J. D.
Maduro, 587 Johnston avenae, Wiaai-
peg, Man.
Transport Workers' Ualt, Winnipeg, Man.
—W. J. McNeill, 792 Pine street, Winnipeg, Man.
Goneral Workers' Unit,  Oarletea  Flaca,
Ont—Harry  Balrd,  genera)   deliver},
Carlton Place, Ont.
Textile Workers'  Unit, Oarletea Flaw.
Ont.—-Earl McCaffery, general delivery,
Carlton Place, Ont.
Transportation Ualt, Cochrane, Ont. — *t
II. Clarke, Box 111, Cochrane, Ont.
Couaoe Farmera' Unit, Ontario — 0. Jan*
atuinen, Cotutee, Ont.
Fort Arthur General Worketl' Ont—W.
U. Chockley, 48  Farrand etreet, Pott
Arthur, Ont.
Starch Workers' Unit, Fort William. Out
—E.  E.  Sykes,  744 Harkueia street,
Fort William, Ont.
Bakers' Unit, Fort William, Ont — F.
Adams,  281  Amelia street east,  Fori
William, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Fort William, Ont
—J. Dixon, 202 Cummlngs street, Fort
William, Ont.
Ooal Handlers' Unit, Fort William, Ont-
J. J. Tlbonl, 621 Mcintosh ttrcet, Fort .
William, Ont.
Motel Minors' Unit, Qowgaads, Ont.-
W. Jones, Gowganda, Ont,
Steam Operating Engineers, Fort William,
Ont—G.  W.  Gnndby,  258  Brunswick
avenue, Fort William, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Hamilton, Ont— '
W. Stracey, 390 Victoria avenne, Ham*
ilton, Ont.
Luggage   Workers',  Kitchener.  Ont. —
Adam   Hcblpi'llng,   05  Edward street
Kitchener, Ont.
Shipbuilders' Unit, Fart Arttur. Oat — <
Jas. Duncan, 283 Cameron sired, Tort I
Arthur, Ont.
Bailroad Workers' Unit, Fort Arthur, Oat,
—W, Stephenson,   617   Brudlo   street, ,
Fort William, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Fort Arthur, Ont.
—A.  E,  Kettrldge,   06  South Comber-
land Btreet, Port Arthur, Ont.
Carpenters' Unit, Pert Arthur, Ont.—W. i
K.  Cresdec,   719  Broadle,  street,  Fort"
William, Ont.
Civic Employees, Fort Arthur, Oat—Hai •
ry Watt, 229 College street, Fort Al -
tbnr, Ont.
General Workeri' Unit, Schumacher, Oat
—William    Oallln,    general    delivery,
Schumacher, Ont.
Sioux Lookout Unit, Ontario — George
Hamlyn, Box lVti, Sienx Looloat, Ont.
Genoral Workers' Unit, Toronto, Oat —
W. Swift, 141 Hogarth street, Toronto,
Ont.
Carpenters' Unit, Toronto Oat, Mo. 1—
E. R.  Bales,  686  Ontario  atreet,  Toronto, Ont.
Carpenters' Unit, Toronto, Oat, Va.
1. Woodhouse, 2',i Devon read, Toronto.
Ont.
Goneral Workers' Unit, Wlndaai, Oat. —
T. S. Cassldy, 247 Sandwich street weet, ,
Windsor, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Montreal, fee.—
W.  Long,   825—3rd   arcane,   Baleen-
neuve, Montreal, Quebec.
Leather Workers. Montreal Qua. — Bel.
Sugar,   503  Cadieux  street,  Montreal,
Quebec
General Workers, Oakland, Cal.. V. 8. A.
—C. N. Bftltser, 0. P. Bex 772, Oalt
land, California. U. 8. A.
Railway Shopmen's Unit, Galeae*. M —
R. M. Kepbart, 4956 Vincennoe avenue,
Chlcatro, 111.. V. R. A. -
Metal Trades Unit, Los Angolas, Cnl.. V.
S. A.—Geo. W. Graydon, eare McCnl-,
lough Graydon.  831  Security building,
i Lou Angoles, Cal., li. S. A,
Bailway Workers' Unit. Oreat Fife. Meat.
U. S. A.—C. E. MeClanathan, 4M—Atk
avenue east, Great Falls, Mont., V. B.
A.
Motet Miners' Unit. Butte, Mont, U. S. A.
—Fred C.   Clough,   101   South   Idaba
street, Butte, Mont., U. R. A. i
General Workers' Unit, Toledo. Okie —
Frank Ames, 210 Avondale avenue, Toledo. 0. __
Motal Mlaera' Unit, Neihart Meat. V. 1.
A.—Frand R. Servoss, Meftail, Mont.,
U. 8; A. • ' ■   -i-
Oenerel Workers' Unit, Seattle Wash.—
J. A. Stuart. 2227—7th avenue, Soattla;
Wash,, V. S. A, FRIDAY.
.March 19, llil
TWELFTH TEAR.    NO. 18
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    vanooWeb, b. a
PAGE SEVEN
Hunter-
Henderson
Paints
■' i'     ■
Quality .'.Service
*
642~GranvilleStreet-642
Counter Revolution itt Advance|SM
*******
*******
*******
**-*■
***
*******
A Summary of Recent German History
So far Germany has not had ayJunker officers who were organls-Jlenged to the revolutionary forma-
HELP ALONG!
I Patronize Federationist Advertisers
Ben —tty An, Indexes (ot Ton
Mr. unioa llu. Out This Ont ua Qlv. It to Tout Wife
Banks
Bank of Toronto, Hutinga k Cambie; Viotorla, Merritt and New Wort-
minuter.
Boyal Baak ot Canada, 12 Branohei in Vanoouver, — ijB. C,
Bakeries
BUeiijr 'i--———.—.—. ._......:.._...._...... .Phono Fairmont 44
tiadalla Limited...
3. A. Flett.	
Bicycles
%
...618 Basting) Street Wert
..; .Hastlngi Street Woat
illiards
Pookot Billiard Parlor...
Con Jones (Brunswick Pool Booms)	
Boote and Shoes
.42 Hastings Streot East
 .Hastings Street Bast
Goodwin Shoo Co.,
9£
[Icdew Shoe Store..-.
Boot Shop...'.	
TO Paris  ,
Diok Ltd...
,119 Hastings Streot East
 666 Qranvllle Street
 819 Hastings Stroot West
.M Hastings Street West
...Hastings. Street East
Vanoouver Co-operattve ........41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company ...........'.;...'.63 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. „ ' 56 Hastings W.
Cafes
Golden Gate Cafo .....Hastings Street East
O. B. U. Model Cafo ..i, 67 Cordova Street West
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
Arnold k quigley. .. 646 Oranvillo Stroet
Clamans, Ltd 163 Hastings Street West
Clubb * Stewart —— ....309-316 Hastings Street Wost
B. 0. Outfitting Co...
Wa. Diok Ltd...
thos. Foster * Co, Ltd	
J. W.'Foster k Co, Ltd.	
J. H. Harvey Ltd. ...".—
Tho Jonah-Prat Co	
{lew York Outfitting Co	
David Spencer Ltd...... ..
W. B. Brumitt...
        .842 Hastings Stroet West
 : 83-49 Hastings-Street Eut
^ 614 Granville Streot
 '.  346 Hastingi Street West
 ...185 Hastings West, and Victoria, B. 0.
..........  401 Hastings Stroet West
.....'.    143 Hastings Streot Wost
.....:. . T. Hastings Stroet
...Cordova Stroet
Thomas' k McBain..
Woodwards Ltd...
 „ Granville Street
..'. —. ........Hastings and Abbott Streets
Victor Clothes Shop. 112 Hastings Wost
D. K. Hook  -.. 117 Hastings Streot Wost
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Streot West
Ricksons "..,...830 OranviUe St.
- Coal
Kirk k Co, Ltd 939 Main St, Soymour 1441 and 46S
Maedonald Marpole Co  ■- .,  1001 Main Streot
Dairies
..8th Avenuo and Yukon Street
Freeer Valley Dairies.	
Dentists ^________
Drs. Brett Anderson ui Douglas Cassttlnian. 602 Hastlnga Wost
Dt. W, J. Curry. -..-    ., .301 Dominion Building
S:
i. Gordon Campbell	
Lowe...
Dr. Grady...
 Corner Granville and Robson Streets
.......Corner Hastings arid Abbott Streots
 Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
Britannia Boor...
Cascado-Beer.—
Hotel West...
Drinks
Patricia Cabaret	
taxi—Soft Drinks-
Van Bros.................
....Westminster Brewery Co.
...Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
...444 Carroll Streot
...411 Hastings Stroet Enst
 .409 Dunsmuir Street
..................Ciders and wines
Vsncouver Drug Co..,
Drugs
.Any of thoir six stores
Dry Goods
Famous Cloak k Suit Co    623 Hastings Streot Wost
Vancouvor Co-operative ...41 Pender Stroet West
Florists
Brown Bros. 4 Co, Ltd.  -48 Hastings East aad 728 Oranvillo Street
Funeral Undertakers
Nunn. Thomson k Glogg — 531 Homer Street
Furniture
Eastings Furniture Co.   41 Hastings Street Wert
' Ballard Furniture Storo  1024. Main Street
Home Furniture Company 41S Main Streot
Groceries
Cal-Van Market.................—..—. Hastings Stroet Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three stores).. Hastings, Granville and Main Stroets
Woodwards ._.„...-   Hastings and Abbott Streots
Spencer- Ltd. -. - ..—........:." Hastings Street
Vancouver Co-operative  41 Pender Street West
Hatters
Black and Whito Hat Storo Cor. Hastlnga and Abbott Streeta
Jewelers
Birks Ltd — —  OranviUe and Georgia Stroota
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
W. H. Malkin..— (Malkin's Best)
Overalls and Shirts
"Big Horn" Brand. (Turner Boeton k Co., Victoria, B. O.)
Paints
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co.  .—..........642 Granvillo Street
  Printers and Engravers
Cowan k Brookhouse...—.—-—_...._........_—_....». tabor Tomplo
Clelland-Dftble _—i 1...—■—..—.._........... Tower Building
p. o. it-
Railways
 and tho	
^^^^- 0. N. B.
Tailors
'.am the Tailor    624 Granvillo fit; 318 Hastings W.
Abrams tho Tailor .....'. 014 Hastlngi West
Tools
J. A. Flett  , ..... Hastings Streot Wost
«?..!  ft.—.:  ut, .
Martin,, Finlayson k Mathor _'. ....
Theatres and Movies
Empress .
. Orphoum
.Hastings Street Wert
Pantages
revolution.' She has obiy had a
ohange of government. A year
ago some three-and-thirty rulers
werit packing and therei was a
modification of the suffrage. Othor
wiso nothing in Germany was
changed. We in America change
our rulers eevry four or eight
years, and-are continually modifying the suffrage. But we never
call it a revolution. It is not a rev.
oiution until the essential relations
between the classes within the
st(ite are altered. And in Germany
no class relation has been altered.
The German workman ls4oday'lm-
priBoned or shot .under the same
matrlal law which justified the
enormities of Zabern—and #he
same officers do the Imprisoning
and shooting. The same claas of
militarist Junkers stand behind
the government and bully it as
during the war. The samB newspapers tell the same lies. And the
same business men pay the samo
bills. The samo workmen njust
strike for the sanae illusory increase In wages, anuthe same spies
report the same names. The samo
laws aro passed by the same legislators, interpreted by the aame
judges and administered by the
same' bureaucrats. There haa
eeen no ohange—not even (with
exception of three-and-thirty kings
and dukes) a change of personalities.
There has not been any revolution. There has not been even
any deliberate attempt at revolu.
tion.
Counter Revolution. '
But Counter-Revolution lathing as tangible as cabbages, aa
highly organized as a steam engine. It Is a atate within Itself,
with Its political cabinet, its gen:
oral staff, its army, its treasury
and Its taxpayers. It works with
firm will and refined technique toward a perfectly definite goal.
Such a counter-revolution haa been
laboring with signal success in
Germany. It haa been organized
and directed by a reactionary class
more firm-willed, more Industrious
and more politically ahrewd. I
suppose, than any other similar
class in the world. And the personalities in command are exactly
those "who have hitherto controlled the destinies, of the German
Empire."
It Is true that workmen's and
soldiers' councils—"soviots"—jrere
farmed spontaneously. at the .vory
beginning. But these., formally
revolutionary organisms were ih
most instances not the least revo.
lutlonary in spirit., They, were
formod ln emotional imitation .of
the Soviets of Russia, But mora
particularly they were formed because, when the military skeleton
of embattled GerWny was shattered, there was nothing else to
hold the land erect. Each army
regiment, each factory, each oity
district required some sort of rough
and ready administration in the
moment when all authority had
fled, and the men concerned appointed councils, or committees, to
provide it. But , such councils,
usually appointed by party bureaucrats or trade union organizers (and often, in the cnso of the
army, by under officers) were
usually about as revolutionary sis
a committee appointed by Mr.
Gompers to discover a -modus Vivendi with the National Manufacturers'    Association.    The    people
were satisfied. "Die Rote Fahne," mental pride! to being forcibly dTs.
in the early days, could scarcely banded and disarmed. They ob
be given away. Liebknecht could jected Individually to being thrown
muster only .a handful of soldiers suddenly on to the streets to join
to follow- him to decisive revolu- the unemployed. After some par-
tlonnry action. It took months leylng, they dared the government
for a revolutionary consciousness to demobilize them and retired to
to come over any considerable part their royal strongholds. The
of the German working claas. Garde - Cavallerie-Schuetzen  r  131-
Whcn It Began. vision, tha hoart of   the Counter-
._     ' ,'*, Revolution, was dispatched against
the counterrevolution,   on theftl>   Th8 battl(J ended ,„ _ draw
the other hand, began the very day The sailors were not demobilized
after the Kaiser's fall. It began and were permitted to remain ln
when Hlndenburg offered his the stables. But the Independent
sword In the service of the "revo- Socialist members of the govern,
lutlonary" govornment and (se- ment, now clear as to the Counter-
cretly 'Issued orders that soldiers' Revolution and helpless to veto lt,
councils be formed in all army withdrew,
corps, ^These two gestures, puz- Now Started
zllng enough to the naive obser-1 The Counter-Revolutlon was now
yer, were definitely counter-revo- sldrtea 0„ itg career „ , f
lutlonary acts.    Hlndenburg  waa , v „   „        ,
not acting In the dark. It must be """talari, systematically followed
remembered that the German through the following months, was
Junker class has been through three-fold; first to collect Into Its
this thing before, in 1848, and haa own keeping the weapons so dls-
perfected Its technique. By offer- tresslngly and democratically dls-
ing his services to tho "revolution," trlbuted among tho German peo-
Hindcnburg retained command of P'e; second, to imprison or assassl-
the army. By ordering the forma- nate the radical lenders,' and third,
tion of soldiers' councils in the '° dissolve, where It could not eon.
first moment he secured the elec. tro|. lhe councils and other popular
tlon of class conscious officers in oodles created by tho November
all the army corps to which the re- rovolution. The aim was a com-
allzatlon of tho Incipient revolution l)dc|' w?" armed military, set over
had not yet penetrated. It baffles against a weaponless, disorganized,
speculation, to estimate what these terrorized proletariat. In such
aclons of Hlndenburg accomplish- 'f™ the Junker Counter-Revolu-
ed. If he had opposed the revolu- "onlsts could envisage a Germany
tlon and nil its works, if he had which made sertse to thom. This
gathored his faithful followers in stato achlevod .their property could
a crusade against the upstart So- D0 considered safo against soclalls-
clalists tnd their devilish Soviets, tl0 legislation. The psoudo-Social-
he would hawe crystallized the ,3t government could be sent n*out
revolutionary consciousness at the ,ts business at any convenient time,
start, and Liebknecht might have nni Germany oould be transformed
been the general of millions, in- "T » military coup Into a Hohen-
stead of hundreds of red soldiors. '*'» monarchy, limited or un.
But your true Junker knows how !)mlted> or Into a bourgeois rSpub-
Ing the counter-revolution had
anything but. contempt for the
crew of aaddlemakers temporarily
occupying the . sacred throne of
Emperor William by the grace of
God. It is not to be supposed that
they Intended Germany to be either
Solial-Democratlo or a republic if
they could help. Germany never
has been a socialist republic and
never pretended to be. Erzberger
announced in his first speech in the
Assembly that It distinctly was not" ]
such, and Scheidemann took lt
without a whimper. But the counter
revolution found It good policy to
repeat the popular formulas. They
oared Uttle how their army Was
called, provided thoy had command of it.  _
Two Choices.
For what had happened? A
govornmont professing to.repre.
sent the majority of the people had
been compelled to select the military force on which it should base
Its power. It had two choices—
the revolutionary regiments formed spontaneously In the first days
to preserve order, a^nd representing
a rough average of the whole German people; or a small compact
volunteer force recruited largely of
convicted monarchists and* commanded by such entirely. It rejected tho Republican regiments
and chose the monarchist corps to
be its praetorian guard.
' The action of the "people's commissaries" did not. of course, look
so bald aa this at the time it Was
quietly taken. Indeed, Ebert and
Scheidemann may not have been
quite conscious that they had made
any such decision at all. What
they formally did was to incorporate into the new National Army
(Reichswehr) all formations which
were willing 'to enter the pay of the
state.—monarchist corps and Republican regiments alike. Hence
the majority of the working class
for weeks suspected nothing. What
Was actually happening did not become evident until it was seen that
Ebert and'Scheidemann were ac.
lively demobilizing the republican
regiments.
If this 'situatlbn, as it existed toward the end ot December, be vpr
derstood, everything elge at once
becomes clear. Almost without e^tr
ceptlori the subsequent fighting of
the "revolution" resulted' from the
efforts, of the counter-revolution
to demobilize,the. revolutionary Institutions, military and political,
before, .they should become Boi-:
slieyik. The resultant conflicts
we're, not the, attempts of these Institutions to seize -powpr, but to
preserve their, existence: against
the counterrevolution.
First Overt Act -
Tho first overt aot of the counter-revolution waa the attempted
demobilization. This wan formed
of the sailors from Kiel, who had
given the first push to the revolution by their revolt in November,
and had marched to Berlin and installed themselves in the Royal
Palace and the Royal Stables. They
were not -revolutionary. There
were few Spartaclsts among them.
They pledged to the provisional
Socialist government their support
and acknowledged its authority.
But one day shortly before Christmas they called at the Sladtkom-
mandanten as usual for thetr pay.
They were told.there would be no
pay. They were demobilized. They
objected corporately, out of regl-
But
to appear to yield. He may be
clumsy In his dealings with foreign
nations, but he knows his countrymen. He is ipcrhaps the only reactionary in the world gifted
once with unyielding will and political shrewdness. So revolution,
ary Germany had as supreme war
lord a noble East Prussian landowning general of the Moltke
school, and its soldiers1 Soviets
were peppered with select young
officers with handles to their
names and monocles at their eyes.
It is not to bo supposed that the
10 Sub. Cards
ii od tor onu ycar'B subscription to Tho
B, C. Fptlcratlnniflt, will bo mailed to
anjr Adttross In Cnnada for $17.50,
(Good unywh'Ti' ouUUlo of Vancouver
ctt>.)  Order leu toil ny. Remit when add.
It Economical 11a Coupons whicb
ft carries--redeemable for usefi
articles •■ are a furthor eennnmn.
lie, as should seem advisable.
Needed Panic,
To carry out this campaign the
at Counter-Revolution needed above
all two technical instruments-
panic and provocation, I call these
instruments technical, though they
are ot emotional texture, because
they are scientifically elaborated
weapons of Counter-Revolutlon.
They are manipulated by experts,
In perfectly cold blood, for perfectly definite objects. Thoy are
mathematically amenable to control, like heavy artlllary.
The battle with the sailors was
in reality a victory for the government, for the Volks-marino dlvls,,
ion, succumbing to fine phrases,
entered Into a formal compact
with the Garde-Cavallerle-Schuet-
/er-Divlsion to protect the- government and-preserve law and order.
Armed with this security, the
Counter-Revolution now attacked
Emit Eichliorn, Indepondent.So-
rlalist Police President of Berlin.
The enormous stores of weapons
which Elchhorn hud at his disposal
must be secured by the monarchist
L corps.   Elchhorn believed thev be-
tlons, and distributed them freely.
it-must be added that he did it
with singular maladroltness In a
country which places such store by
fluderliness, for he pasted out his
weapons to any workman who applied Instead of assigning them officially to the official workers orT
ganizations. This fact gave the
Counter-Revolutlon its, chance.
Elchhorn was preparing a reign of
terror in Berlin! Liebknecht was
directing the campaign! The panic
technique was cultivated for several dayB.through the newspapers,
then Elchhorn Waa declared by the
government to be relieved of office In Berlin. Elchhorn replied
that he was responsible to the
Workmen's Executive Council k of-
Berlin, which had placed him in
office, and to It alone.
Agent* Stirred to Excesses
The Bast Side demonstration by
the thousands in his support,
Liebknecht, Ledebour and Elchhorn all counselled! them to preserve order and take no aggressive
action. But they were bitter
against the newspapers, and this
bitterness was manipulated by
government agents provocateurs to
stir them to excesses. The meeting,
closed -with cries of "To the Vor_
waert's!" and the crowd surged
to the Linden Strasse. The Vorwaerts, the Vossiche Zeltung, and
then the rest in town were occupied by armed wormen. The
Volks-marlne division and the republican regiments declured themselves neutral. They made themselves masters of the inner city,
and It was bad luck for any officer
to be seen on the streets with his
epaulets on. Llebkneckt ahd Ledebour how accepted a difficult and
unfavorable situation and framed
& provisional ' government; They
parleyed with the Scheidemann
government, which played for de.
lay while regiments of monarchist
troops were massing outside Berlin.
One by 0»e. .■■■..
The Counter-Revolution had the
situation lt craved, It attacked
the' spontaneously organized worker's battalions one:by one and captured their strongholds' in turn
ending with! the police headquar-
It searched aU pedestrians
.«__ weapons. It arrested Lieb4
[Wecht, Rosa Luxemburg, and
pothers. It controlled Berlin,
ra"¥heh it came at last into the
open. The officers again appeared
on the streets, with side-arms,
[tjgppocles and all. The leaders
Jftpld d^ily conferences in Potsdam,
o$fa the knowing ones began talk-
'jj^ of the Kaiser's, return, the
jfRvernment no longer, counted
'.$$$ staff of the Qarde-Cayallerie,
j^huetzer-DIvision ■ planned the
.fliyp.paign and made, the decisions.
|4tfoBke was   a   blustering   figure-
ac-Pald for Uebkncclit's Murder
t^The Counter-Revolution, now in
ity stride, did not bother much
about finesse. The Garde-Caval-
lerle-Schuetzer-Divlslon procured
and paid for the murder of Lteb.
knecht and Luxemburg, and cooked and issued from its press department the fairy tale about the
"energy mob" and the "attempt to
escape." The murderers smilingly
went about their daily pleasures
when their names were known *ta|
all Berlin, and at last, when in a
moment of panic the government
arrested and accused them, .wben
they had been condemned by a far-
Clal military court to a holiday in
jail, the division officers procured
through the government the escape
of Vogel, the one officer Involved,
and withheld news of it until he
was out of danger.
The March uprising was the
most dramatic success of the
Counter-Revolutlon. It was a"
peaceful strike turned by deliberate provocation into a bloody uprising. The strike, a protest against
the reactionary measures of the
government, was planned for the
first Thursday in March. It was
scheduled for the Ruhr industrial
district, for Saxony and central
Germany and for Berlin, It was
not an attempt at violent revolution .however much some of the
Communists may have hop^d for
decisive results.
Shot Vp the Workers.
But a week before the strike was
due, the Counter-Revolutlon con.
centrated troops in Muenster. On
Sunday they appeared mysteriously
In all the strike centres. The result was exactly as intended. The
Communists, always stronger in
coii ni k« than in organization,
struck in indignant protest, They
neglected even to arrange matters
with their allies the Independents,
who stuck to schedule. The strike
of Monday, then, was only a third
of a strike. The monarchist troops
then surrounded the towns, cut off
the food supply, entered and shut up
the workers' quarters and by Thursday had the whole strike movemont disorganized and terrorized,
I'Wut on Thursday the Central German strike came as scheduled, only
<w&h the heart all gone out of It
I'ftsoatiBc of the bloody fiasco of the
Alitor.
'nsThe battle .f Thursday was a
Htaiughter. The revolutionists, out.
numbered five to one, were penned
iiO.i tbe .square and attacked by all
;.the most horrible weapons of modern war—machine guns from aeroplanes, heavy artillery, poison gas
ond sheets of flame. By dusk they
/had retired to the barricades in
lhf! side streets.
fiThe battle was really won for
the government. But the Counter-
Revolutlon wns not through; It exploited the situation to the utmost
limit. For a .week it maintained
the farce of a first-class cainpffgn
against the few snipers and wandering bands of fanatics In the east
side. It shattered whole houses
w|th its heavy artillery and filled
the papers with fanciful accounts
of desperate resistance. It stationed a guard In the office of the ma.
rlne division, annd shot down the
weaponless sailors one by one as
they entered. It searched every
house in the enst side for weapons
and shot men, women and children
In the courtyards for possessing a
revolver, a Communist membership
WERE UKED
U. S. Steel Strike Lost by
Separative Tactics of
A. F. of L.
Milwaukee—"The workers at
Gary have- learned a great lesson
from the steel strike. They realize
it Is Impossible for craft unions to
function effectively in large Industries. They now know that the
only salvation for those workers is
to organize wtth the ultimate object of taking over the industries;"
This was the statement of Rich*
ard J. Verhagen, president of the
Gary Steel Council, during a visit
in Milwaukee.
Verhagen, who was in the thick
of the flght during the entire struggle at Gary, said of the industrial
feudalism existing when the work*
ers began their strike: '
"There wa« no chance to redress
grievances. The men had no part
in the management of working
conditions. The steel barons met
every attempt toward organization
with bitter persecution. Despite
the policy of the corporation which
opposed unions, SO per cent, were
organized under cover. >
"These men became unionized In
the understanding that they were
to belong to one big union. When
the A. F. ot L. policy of separating
them Into craft unions waf brought
into effect it lessened their power/'
O. B. U. NODES
A great deal of activity Is being
displayed by the members of the
O. B. U. at Oakland, California.
Not only are they busy securing
applications (or membership, but
they are also placing some union
shop cards. At a recent meetirfg
of the international Boilermakers
union In Oakland, Comrades Wolff,
Perry and Baker were expelled
from that organisation -while the
members preeent gave cheers for
the O. B. tT. and hooted Reed and
Norton, the International officers.
The Amalgamated Society of Bn.
gineers, branch No. 853, Lachlne
Locks, Quebec, has applied' for
membership in the One Big Union.
Joe Knight, eastern organizer for
the O. B. U„ has recently been ln
the elty of New Tork holding
meetings on behalf of the One Big
Union, and haa also paid, a visit to
Bridgeport, where he had addressed the outlawed Machinists Union
of that city. A number of the Independent and Isolated units ln
New York are negotiating with a
view to joining forces with the One
Big Union.
Secretary Mldgley received by
wire on Wednesday an order from
California for 1000 buttons, 1000
cards and 1000 constitutions. The
O. B. U. organizer ln that territory
reports that the Pile Drivers, Iron
Workers and Teamsters are lining
up with the O. B. U. Oakland has
just recently started to publish on
Q. B. U. Bulletin.
STBIKE STAGED TO
INCREASE PROFITS
Wealthy Papor Company Forced
Small Strike and Then
Advertises It
International Falls, Minn,—The
Backus-Brooks Lumber and Paper
Mill interests here forced a strike
tn their logging railroad in order
to take advantage of the strike
'clauses ln their paper contracts and
raise the price of paper, It is charged by H. J. Patelle, one of the
striking trainmen, in an open letter
to Horace Q. Whitmore, state adjutant of the American Legion. In
the letter Batelle charges that as
soon as the strike had begun, the
Backus Interests gave wide publicity to false stories of riot and disorder. The company was thus enabled to abrogate the old contracts
and make new ones, charging
higher prices for paper, he said.
The Backus interests own two large
paper mills, said by paper men to
be making profits of 400 per cent,
or a minimum profit of $70 a ton.
They also own lumber, telephone,
coal, electric and othor companies.
San Francisco—Resolutions demanding a new trial for Thorrtas J.
Mooney and Warren K. Billings
were adopted at the annual convention here of the International
Seamen's Union, said to erpresent
75,000 members.
Berlin — The German trade
unions began the year 1919 with
1,000,000 members. At the end of
the year the membership was 7t-
000,000. The growth waa especial'
ly rapid during the first quarter of
the year. Of the 52 unions, 12 have
moro than 100,000 members, and
compose 82 per cent, of the total
membership. .   .
card, or even a copy of "Die Rote, ° —■    *—    •»-«	
Fahnc."    It left the East Side, af-Jthlfl conflict,—Tho Liberator.
ter many days, 0ue quivering torror.
Blood and Iron.
Thereafter It entered the second
stage of Its campaign, which was
the systematic "cleansing" of one
city after another (with blood and
Iron whenever provocation could
be used successfully). It dissolved
all the people's military organizations. It dissolved workmen's
councils, It suppressed papers, it
arrested leaders, it broke strikes, lt
had a largo and efficient strikebreaking detachment attached to
each division. And always when
It could find an excuse, it killed.
It killed In secret, In the dead of
night, and it left no traces. Within
two months it was governing Germany under martial law.
Germany has beon "cleansed" of
many of her noblest and ablest
men. She haa had no rovolution.
But sho will have one—that his
bcen assured.
The Workers' and Soldiers'
Councils havo become more and
more conscious of their class Interests. They cnn not continue to
exist withou demanding more and
more power, and they will resist
any attempt to deprive them of tho
power they have. All Germany is
conscious of    the    Inevitability of
Union-Made Footwear
By the Best Makers
in Canada
MODERATELY PRICED
FOR MEN—Invietus, Astoria, Strider, Doric
and Gresham Makes
FOR WOMEN—Smardon, Invietus, Doric, McFarlane, etc.
V
Classic, Hurlbut, Kor-Ker for Children. Steelite
and Leckie for Boy's hard Wear.   .'
BOOT SHOP
319 HASTINGS ST w
Don't be
downhearted
if yonr weekly or monthly wife m>t ewer that
Spring outfit yon are wanting.
swing 11 here—Easter U coming—y»u w*nt te look your btat—
yet possibly you haven't the ready money to buy what yo» want.
OaO on at   See onr macnlfloent Unee—Sulw, Drones and Coats
for IsuHes—Suits, for Men.
Everything honest- value—well m»4e—olterei in a full Una el
the latest styles.
•Ve offer any, garmont on
Terms—a email Depoait-r .
balance in email Weekly
or Monthly paymento—aa
yon are able. 7, ".
342 Hastings West
Near Homier
vmoB nun
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot1
Hstt «d«i itnsully sltaUM te
Guaranteed to Bold Caulks and An TborougUy WatwUglit
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS tt SON ,
ea cordova street west, Vancouver, b. c.
Next Door to Loggers' Hall    	
Phono Seymour 556 Repairs Done While You Walt
UNION STORE
Abrams the Tailor
IF ABRAMS MAKES THEM   ,'" i.
THEY ARE CORRECT i
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymour 6424
Freeh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLOB18TS AND NTO8BBYMEN
1~—8TOBEB—a
48 Hastings Street East 721 OranvUle Street
Seymonr 986-878 Seymour 9513
Eat More Bread
rpiiATS the slogan that means roal economy for you. The
*• fact that other food costs have Increased 86 per cent, since
1914 nmltos. bread the cheapest food you can buy.
Is full of real food value and possesses a taste thai makos
the eating' of more bread a-profitable pleasure. 'Those flaky
loaves with th. golden brown oruet have never been equalled
—they're from Canada's most modern And hygienic bakery.
SHELLY BROS. LTD.
PHONE FAIR. 44
THE NEW STYLES IN SPRING
FOOTWEAR ARE HERE
WE have just placod tn our windows everything that's new*
in Footwoar Cor this season. If you want serviceable shoes
which are right up to the mlnuto in style we advise you to call,.
at our store and see what we have to offer,
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
"Union-made Footwear fop Men and Women" PAGE EIGHT
TWELFTH YEAR.    N'O. 12
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST      Vancouver, r. a
FBIDAT.
.March  15, "MjW
CLAMAN'S STOBE NEWS
Boys' Dept., iind Floor
What Do Union Men
Want in Clothes?
Wc believe we know—satisfaction, plus the Union Label.
That's thc whole story. When you've satisfied you have
everything you want—all-wool quality, smart style, fit,
careful tailoring, and a knowledge that your clothes were
made in a Union shop by Union men, working Union hours
tor Union wages.
Tills is the only store In Vancouver selling Union-
made Clothes—you'll lind the Union Label in the
liockete—guaranteed to deliver . you satisfaction,
whatevor your idea of it may be. You can't want
anything more, we can't give anything less. Money
buck If you don't get it.
SEE OIK M'ltlXG SHOWING OF VXION-MADB
OLOTHES AT .. 4& ,
OTHERS AT
$25, $30, $35 to $75
The Horn, of
HART SCHAFFNER & MARX CLOTHES
Claman's
' . Limited
153   HASTINGS   WEST
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys
Borne Employers Are
Granting Conditions
(Continued from page 1)
Zionism hi a thing: to be fought
lo the limit by any and every
meant. They would have no lawa
■ucted for the enforcement of
safe and sanitary conditions In
campa and mills, but would favor
ordttre-fn-coincll for the conscription of labor and the suppression
of tho workera' freedom of thought,
Wallace's
Marketaria
Bi* Horn* of Quality
Groceries
Broken Orange Pekoe Tea
at 65c
Finest Oovernment Creamery Butter, 3 lbs $2.20
Strictly New-laid Eggs, at
per dosie'n 60c
Reyal Standard, Five
Roats and Robin Hood
flbur, 49-lb. seek $3.45
lily WWte Syrup,  5-lb.
ti* 70c
IfanMlade, 1-lb. eans..20e
Pork and Beans, 3-lb.
, tins, at .25o
Reindeer Condensed Milk, •
at ,.21o
lag)? Brand 23c
Pacific Milk, 2 large
eau at' 25c
Boiled Oats, per sack....47o
Toilet Soap, 6 eakes .2Dc
Toilet Paper, 4 rolls....25c
Sultana   Baisins,    choice
atock, lb 25c
Finest Dry Oreen Peas,
3 lte. for 25c
S. T. Wallace
Ul Haitingi St. Wast
word and action. They are a reversion to primeval brute type, or,
in other words, the embodiment of
the ruthlessness of modern lust for
profit.
Reports from the interior districts indicate a determination on.
the part'Of the men to enforce the
eight-hour day ahd the union standard of working; conditions in camp
and .mill. ,
The eastern organization Is making good progress. Fort Frances
district will hold it* convention at
Fort Frances on .March 26, and
Sudbury' district at Sudbury on
April 6.
Should Elect Delegates   j
Members should get busy at once
and elect their delegates; AH camps
having union members with paid-
up curds are entitled to send a delegate, whose transportation only
wilt be paid by. the organization.
The members sending, him must
make the arrangements for his
other.expenses and wages. Camps
with'more than 50 union members,
with paid-up cards, can send extra
delegates for every additional 50
or major fraction thereof; When
sending delegate, give him a letter
stating that he represents your
camp, Riid this letter should, If
possible.,be signed by all the men
he represents. The district conventions are very important to all
workers In that district,, consequently get busy and elect your
delegate at once, also discuss In
your meetings tbe various questions relating to your working conditions in cdinp, or affairs of the
district or the organization ln general. Then instruct your delegate
what he is to do on these questions
at the convention.
The referendum ballot on convention proceedings Is being counted and thc result will be published
In next issue of the Fed, Will delegates and .members note that in future all communications relating
to business - of the coaat district
should be addressed to the district
secretary; communications relating
to general organization matters,
camp reportB or articles for the
L; W. I. JJ. page In the Fed., to be
sent addressed to the general secretary.
Information ts required at once
of tbe present address of John Anderson (cook), formerly at Stillwater; J. A. Cooke (ex-service),
and \V. A. Nicholson (blind miner).
There is much cause for satisfaction ln thc continued growth of the
organization, and particular reference must be made to the coast district, which is In better condition
than ever before. The millworkers' section Is making good headway, the pulp and paper plants being thoroughly well organized.
The following wage scale kas
been submitted to the employers
for operation in these plants:
Mechanics, J7 per 8-hour day;
mechanics' helpers, $B.B0; engineers, 16.80; boiler foremen, $5,B0;
bin and eonveyermon, %f>; ashmen,
|B; pipe fitters, $7; pipe fitters'
helpers, $5.50; digester men: cooks
17, helpers |5.50; screen men,
15.60; helpers,. |B.00; machine tenders, 16.80; machine oilers, 15.50;
pulp balers, 15.50; sawmill labor-
el's, $5; yard laborers, |5; sawyers',
110; re-sawyers, |7; boommen, 17;
planermen, 18; planer feeders,
IB.50; cut-off sawyers |6.50;
knee bolter men, 16.50; saw fliers,
$10; electricians, $7.50; electricians' helpers, $5.B0; (lining room:
lirst cook, $6.50 and board; second
cook, 15 and board; waitresses,
IJJ.2G and board; aicd plant; acid
maker, $7; helpers, $5.50. Time
and one-half for overtime, legal
holidays and Sundyas,
The workmen's . compensation
board is insisting that the employers have qualified first aid mon oh
all Jobs, but as there arc not a
large.number available, classes are
beityg. held by the board, which
any worker , can attend without
charge. As many as possible
should take, advantage of this opportunity.
"OCH WAKES WEAR WHEltE WEAR'S WANTED"
DRESS
WELL
On Easy Terms
EASTER
IS ONLY
TWO
WEEKS
Ptrsonil apiictr.ncr litis ft lu! to do with
on.'i twain.'.h nr horlol HIK'C.sn.   Tlipl'C In
ii« ML'UhG tor being 'poorly ilrctBCtl—Wfi
jink., it SO EASY for ym.  A COMPLETE
stook or
MEN'S
WOMEN'S
and CHILDREN'S
K«idy<tq*wc«r sppsrel in ftstitaii-s newest ■ modeli—and exclusive styles nut to
be iliiplicktpd elivwlirre in the fit)-. Credit
-■TEEMS A BRANDED TO SUIT YOU—
PAT'AS TOU WEAR. CultiO in hihI tnlk
it over.
New Revolution Now   ■
On in Germany
(Continued from page 1)
try and the casualties have been
large,
Soviets Formed
Wednesday violent fighting between troops arid armed workers
was reported from 'Berlin, Dresden. Essen, Hamburg, Altona,
Liepxlg and Frankfort. Civil war
appears to be Inevitable In Germany, -v
The most important phase of the
situation now Is the activity of the
Bpartacists (communists) ' who
have taken advantage of the confusion to intervene with armed
forces, meanwhile adding further
pressure by widespread strikes.
Advices indicato that at every
point where there has been fighting the Spartaclsts were Involved.
The determined nature of the
struggle is shown by the large
numbers ■ of killed and wounded.
Official figures arc not'available,
but press dispatches show that
there were hundreds of casualties
al! told.
Local soviet governments are roported proclaimed by the armed
workers at Hamburg, In Northern
Prussia, in Ituhr district of Western Prussia, and in South Qermany.
Proletarian dictatorships have
been set up at i:>itmund, Gera,
Ohligi*, Unna and GeU'?nklrchen,
according to roports, while In i.lep-
zig workers have driven government troops from the suburbs of
the city and were engaged late
yesterday in street fighting. In the
Rhenlsch and Wcstphallan industrial districts, Is suid, the workers are ready to follow radical
leaders.
Many of the Baltic troops, it is
reported, have. Joined forces with
the Independent Socialists, who nre
reported to have 12,000 armed mon
at their command.   ■
Do They Mean It?
The United Brotherhood of Carpenters und Joiners, through its executive officers, is opposing the O.
B. U. Nothing Is too bad to call the
new organization, and recently,
while in Vancouver, the general
president, the night before be left
thc city, gave a 'statement to tbo
press as. to his opinion of thc O.
B. 17, which to say thc lea ft. was
not complimentary. On the cover
of the Mnrch issue of "Tho Carpenter" thc official organ pf the United
Brotherhood of Carpenter's, the following appears. "The necessity of
industrial organization knows no
law except that of human progress." As the ofliciul organ of the
carpenters is in control of the general officers of that organization,
many members In this city aro wondering just what Ih meant by the
above statement. And If the general officers know anything.
DEFENSE AGAIN
143 HASTINGS ST. W.
(Opposite Province Office)
Phone Sey. 1361
PAY
THE EASY
WAY
Free Paper from Rim-la
It was reported in the locul press
during the week, that the Bolsheviki government of Bussia had authorized its local agent in Stockholm to supply the London Dally
Herald with fiOO tons of paper froe
of charge. In view of lbe shortage
of paper In this country, thc capitalistic sheets like the ,'WlnrtlJM.g
Five Press would; no doubt, liko to
get In on the favored papers list of
the Bolsheviki.
Int.  Trades  and   Labor
Council Persistently Ignores Men on Trial •
The secretary of the Vancouver
(Int.) Trades und Labor ooim>
was instructed at tbe meeting hfehl
Thursday evening to write to Premier Oliver demanding that Moth
ers' pension -^legislation be enacted
at the present session. It was
pointed out that many delegations
had approached tbe legislators, for
many session pnst, on this legislation and there was no need for.fur-
ther delay except for use as bait for
votes in the next election,    .
The secretary was also instructed
to draw to the attention of the pre-
tnier his oversight in not living up
to bis -promise to have proportional
representation embodied in tbe
elections act, and also to oppose
granting the franchise to Japanese
who had done overseas service, unless the government saw fit to include every B. C. resident irrespective of service.
A communication was received
from Secretary Morrison of the A,
F. of L., advising the council to forward the names of two Vancouver
men to President Gompers, to act
as organizers In the place of B. P.
Pettipiece and Geo. Hardy. The
names of Fred Welsh and Birt
Showier are to be forwarded.
A communication from the Winnipeg Defense committee was filed
without being read.
Delegates from the Women's
Auxiliary of the O. B. U, asked permission to sell tickets to the delegates for a dance in aid Of the Winnipeg Defense Fund. This was denied on the grounds of too much
business before the council.
Laundry Workers' Unit
The Laundry Workers, at their
last meeting, deslded to take some
action In regard to the state of
several laundries in this city, in
regard to fire escapes and fire prevention, etc. The secretary was
instructed to 'communicate with
the factory inspector and the fire
deportment and endeavor to have
some action taken by these officials.
The local has a live sick committee who are doing good "work
among those members who ire
sick; a fund Is to be start*d to
supply the sick' sisters and brothers
with any necessary comforts.   .
The members are requested Id Attend at next meeting as thte. total
decided to enforce the l>ylaw delating to non-attendance.
The out-of-work book should be
signed by any member not mfckihg
at the office in Room 210 Labor
Temple.
Who Spoke Uie Truth?
At the B. C. Federation of Labor
convention held in Victoria 4ast
week, Delegate Coghill 6t Yt'he
Plumbers union, made the Statement that his organization did.mot
vote in favor of the O. B. TJ. and
disputed the figures as givon by the
secretary of the federation. He stated that he had it direct from the
secretary of the Plumbers union,
tkat the vote was against the O. B.
U, On looking up the official returns from the Plumbers union, It
is found that the vote, of that organisation was 89 in favor and 81
against. It was signed by F. W.
Welsh, secretary. These were the
figures given to the convention by
the secretary of the federation.
Lecture at Brotlierhood House
The concluding lecture of the
course on economics, will be delivered tonight, Friday, at 8 p.m. nt
the Brotherhood Houso. The subject will be "Modern Tendencies of
Economics." The lecturer being
Professor T. H.Boggs.
Patronize Federationist advertisers and tell them why you do so.
CW.S.
Asli your grocer It hia clerics an
in the union?
THIS society Is now In a
position to supply clothing made lu the clothing
mills and factories of the Cooperative Wholesale Society
(C. W. S.) by union labor.
Samples of this clothing cnn
be seen ot our central store.
Bult lengths of this splendid
goods can bo obtained al tlie
following prices, and these
Will be made up by Vancouver union, tailors at an added
cost of- fili.oo. Thus a splendid suit can be obtained at a
low figure.
SUIT   LENGTHS   AT
$12    $14    $16
$19    $20    $22
$24    $25    $29
This will give you a suit
that cannot be beaten anywhere in the city at the price.
Vancouver
Co-Operative
Society, Ltd.
Central .Store:
41 Pender Street West
Phone Hvy, Atiil
North  Vuneouver  ISi'iiiirh
.Ml. Crown I (lock. First St. K,
Phone KIM
Xt'W   Wc-lUlltlMtT   lli'ille-h
8a—8th St. I'Jimic Kit):!
Mull Orders      I'm* Deliveries
E SOMES
Tom Richardson Wants to
See Results of Ed-
cation
At the Royal .on Sunday, Tom
Bichardson insisted that the time
■had more than fully arrived when
the education given here and elsewhere, with-a vviow to the new
older of things, should be showing some signs of producing results. Those in control of affairs
"ought to be made conscious of
the fact that they arc not delivering, the goods."
He had recently been privileged
to attend the sessions of the aug-
\ist assembly at Victoria, and had
also read the accounts of its pro-
ceedings-and those of a similar
assembly at Ottawa, with the result that he hud been reminded
of the historic .incident of Nero
playing the fiddle while Bome was
burning, There was an utter absence of appreciation that they
were living In a time that wns
overflowing with possibllites of the
overthrow of the system of society
as It exists In Canada today. So
long as thc people's representatives
could go to their houses of parliament merely to Indulge in tirades of the, character in vogue, the
people had no right to expect those
fundamental changes that they
were seeking. Something like a
revolution was flrst required in the
attitude and mind of the people towards thepi.
The speaker had yet to hear the
first note of protest from the workers against intimidation of tho
most brutal kind, directed at the
civel servants who had dared to
publish some kind of. a bulletin.
Yet such a question as that;was one
which any Labor or Socialist party
ought to make its own; so was the
ultimatum recently given to the
civic employees, demanding their
acceptance'of a substantial reduction In their award of wages or a
25 per cent, reduction in the staff.
'As a. citizen'and a ratepayer of
Greater Vancouver, I say we arc
failing In our duty In not spurring
them on to defend their Inalienable
rights." v
The Trade Unionist Congress had
made a request to the government
at Ottawa that civil employees of
the Dominion parliament should be
allowed to join a trade union. The
official reply was to the effect that
civil employees were a seperate and
distinct section of the people of
Canada, and couldn't legally organize In that manner. Such a reply-
was a negation of "all that Labor
stood for and represented. Tet the
attitude of the average trade
unionist in Canada was substantially the attitude of Mr. Gompers.
Again, the financial situation was
something with which some of the
workers considered they were not
concerned. The speaker did not
subscribe to that theory. If they
did not concern themselves with
such matters, there was little hope
of that social order when the whole
means of life would be the property of th epeople as a whole.
They had got to prove themselves
capable of constructive thought
and constructive effort. "Our administrators havc -got to be told
that they are responsible for the
Insolvency of the existing order,
and the working class have ho
right to be called or to bear more
of the burden than they are bearing today."
They must tap the sources of
revenue at their fountain head.
'The present tariff system allows
the capitalist class to put their
share of taxation on your shoulders." The speaker gave instances
of duty on such things.as clothes
and garden seeds, and insisted: "So
long as your politicians and1 employing classes can maintain their
system of tariffs, the workers are
being compelled to pay tho largest
share of the taxes of the country.".
Further, the municipalities and
governments were largely In the
grip of the banking interests,
whereos^they could quite well carry
on the business themselves, as wds
now actually happening in the Old
Country.
After touching briefly on hap-
penings In Germany nnd probabilities in France, the speaker warned
the politicians that, If they persisted In their ways, they would
bring about a physical revolution
of the most violent kind. Ho wanted to see a revolution of thought
and Ideals; they must rise up as
robust men, with courage and conviction, and join hands for the task
of re-nrrahging society from thc
base up.
As to methods, the craft unions
wore a thing of the past, concerned
merely with tlieir own members.
'We've got beyond that stage
now." In the Old Country; not
only was the craft union being wiped out and the toilers coming together, but they had even tho mine
manager -and officials seeking admission to the Miners Federation,
'Craft unionism is no longer equal
to the exigencies and needs of modern capitalism.
'There can never be complete
emancipation of the democracy of
this or any other country till capitalism hns been wiped out." But
Socialism wns something more than
an.economic system; it was the
conception of the brotherhood of
men and the unity of the race.
They must not imagine that the
hope of Socialism was confined to
thi> wage workers; they had got to
appeal to all stages of society.
Organize Your Purchasing Power
The workers have found It necessary to organize In order to sell
tbelr lnbor power at the best-pos-
ilblc price. The Labor press must,
to some extent, depend on advertising. Some of the business meu in
the city do not like tho policy of
The Federation 1st, This Is natural.
They bave not our viewpoint, gome
of theso men, let prejudice determine ■ their 'business activities.
While there i.s some 1 ittlo boycotting going on, The Federatlonist
lines nut as yet Intend to adopt this
[tollcy. But. It is expected that the
rentiers of The Federatlonist will
i irgan \v.c t heir purchasing power,
untl show their appreciation of the
support of those business men who
ilo not let their opinions Interfere
with thetr business and arc soclt-
Ihg the patronage of thc workera
by advertising In The Foderationist ^
2000 Pairs
of Shoes
—for Men and Boys—in all styles—all leathers—the best makes
MUST BE SOLD BEFORE IPRIL 1st
This is the final clean up of our stock before we leave our premises on
March 31, as demanded by our landlord. .... ?X X:.'XX%
We offer these 2000 pairs absolutely^;
regardless of cost
Illustrations of Our Great, Reductions
MEN'S $8 WORK SHOES FOR $545     f
j-400 pairs in this line—in a goo<J, honestywell-ms}de; ;■-
work boot—in black or tan—cap or pla'iji.tde-^half bellows tongue—good heavy sole.
Wind-up
Price.....:; _„
MEN'S $15 BOOTS FOR $7
Less than Half Price—300 pairs Men's Fine Shoesr-.
broken lines but all sizes—in black or tan—fine quality-
calf. \
Wind-up
Price..	
BIG BARGAIN IN BOYS' SHQES
$5 TO $5.50 VALUES-$1.95 TO $3.95 V
These are a good line of School Shoes—stqUt and tfell'.*
made—will stand rough wear. ',: •
Size      £4 QC   size       *fi OC   Size       Ci OC
-I-5I/2 .'....,...f<J.W    8-III/2 ...-.?"•"•>    5:71/2 fl.JJD
This is our last call—Before the Federationist again appears we must
give up our premises—These shoes must go.
Cornett Bros. & Clarke
56-HASTINGS STREET WEST-56
$&4$
$7.00
RED SPEC! FOR
U. S. DEPORTEES
Six Hundred Deported in
Past Few Months From
Good Old U. S. A.
New York.—Six hundred deport-'
alions have been ordered since the
beginning of tho anti-red campaign
and about half of this number havo
been actually deported, it wus staled at the labor department In
Washington.
Radicals now are being "exported" ln small batches, on regular
passenger liners, Ellis Island Is
crowded witli red nrrlvals from all
parts of the country.
Because of the large number to
be deported the bureau of immigration has put in service a "red
special" train, It was statod. Tho
train generally starts out from a
Pacific coast city and travels across
the continent to New York, picking
up deportees en route.
One of these "specials," It was
stated at Immigrntion headquarters
liege, arrived in New York this
week with 79 radicals to be deported, it came from San Francisco.
Movements of the "reds'" specials
are cloaked in the utmost secrecy,
ANOTHER BOLD BAD
PLOT DISCOVERED
At tho Kmptcsa
Next week the Kmpress patrons
will have an opportunity of witnessing a really excellent play which
was written by our own clever
scenic artist, Joseph Lawless, and
we wish to go on record right here
as predicting It to be one of tbe
biggest hits of our season. It Is an
oxcellent western play, brimful of
the atmosphere of the west and
containing of tho unique characters.
Tbls new play is without a name,
and Mr. Lawless Is giving a $6 prize
to the patron who sends In the best
title after having seen the plsy- The
Empress management arc also-giving a box party to the successful
one. and ns we announced last
week, the title selected will be the
one used for its eastern production.
We will tell you just this much
about tho play in advance. It hus
a great lovo story thut contains
muny thrills and a superabundance
of comedy that we know will make
you scream with laughter. But
you'll have to see it to appreciate
it, for it would be an Injustice to
Mr. Lawless to attempt giving you
tbo story fn synoptic form, In writing this play, Mr. Lawless, whom
you all know, Is a wonderful scenic
artist, kept in mind thc scenic poss-,
Ibllltles, and you may rest assured
that his production next week will
surpass anything he has heretofore
given us. Miss Marriott wilt play
the heroine, and all the other Empress favorites will be well cast In
this fine play.
Kamloops Contributes
List of donations received towards
the defense fund   from   Kamloops
district: Jas. L. Peterson, $G;
Ed. Pall, $5; Angus McLeod, $5;
Alfred Dodd, $u; F. Hauhaas, $S;
Ed. Kohls, $5; Miss Moore, 13; W.
Wlltnen, $'2; Dan Thorpy, *2; H.
E. D. Smith, ?2; M. W. Sullivan,
$1; Iver Johnson, $1; John Haugh-
totij V, Miss Mable, $1; Allen Ross,
510: J. H. Reld, *5; Fred Menard,
%l\; Oust Anderson, $5; O. Rann-
baek, $5; Jacob Sklvlnsky, $8; Arthur Corcoran, $2; Tom Reld, $2;
A. Carlson, J-; Victor Axelson, t2;
W. L. Hanson, |l-j J. H, Yost, $1;
Herb Jciiuett, $1; W. Cbarrson, $1;
J, Maljby, $5; Mike Busscn, $5.
Total $98i
Bricklayers nt St. Thomas, Ont.,
have been granted Jl an hour for
n nine-hour day, being an Increase
of Vl cents nn hour over Inst year's
seal*
Renowned Sleuths Arc oil Tnirk of
Ottawa "Kod" Who Has Sus-
plckuis HabflK
Ottawa.—The journal publishes
a report to tho effect that the Dominion secret service police are investigating "Red" activities, evidences of which have been found In
Ottawn. lt Is alleged that the suspicion of the authorities was first
aroused by the-vlstt of a stranger
to the house of Rev. George Mous-
fleid, a prominent Anglican clergyman- of this city,. The report Is that
the .stranger visited tbe rector to secure his co-operation in a scheme
whicb had as Its object the removal
oftt prominent Canadlnn.-
Mr. Bousfleld was 111 at the time
and the stranger refused to wait
until further information could be
secured. Any information with regard to the other clues on which
tbe Dominion authorities are working have been kept secret, although
It is known that there has been
some activity regarding the circulation of Inclndiary literature,—Regina Leader.
Reglna Union Siibserltws
The Bricklayers', Masons' and
Plasterers' union of Regina, Sank.,
has the, distinction of being thc
first union in that province to subscribe for the B. C. Federatlonist
In a body. The entire membership
of this union will receive the Fed.
for one year. Other unions can HO
likewise by the payment of |1.S0
per year per member or at the
rato of^ 12 1-2 cents per member
per month. Take it up with your
uniqn.
Ratepayers Protest
In view of Commissioner Gilles
pic's visit to Victoria, in eompahj
with representatives of the Hoar.
of Trade, to urge the governmen
to guarantee un Issue of $2t)«,00<
debentures for permanent rout
\voffcs,' thc'Sbbth Vancouver Ratepayers Association sunt the follow-
Ink wire .to Promier Oliver:
"Hon. John Oliver, . .
"Victoria, B. JD. ,,
"Advisory board accompanying
Commissioner Gillespie do not represent citizens, und have bcen described by yourself us having no,
legal standing uj-.-authority. Executive Ratepayers Protective Asso-
clttttotr protest against their recognition and against any further Increase in South Vancouver's bonded
Indebtedness, without a vvote of
the ratepayers concerned. '
(Signed)    WILLIAM ROSS,      ',
"Secretary."-
Broke l-'iilili
The photo-engraver \vho wss te
have etched the cut we intended t*i
run in. this .spuoi*-died.. We telegraphed the olllciuls of his International union, advising them that
he had violated his contract with
ns. He was ordered back to work,
but so far he hus arrogantly det.e<
the authorty of his superiors.—Th^
Printer Worker,
An old motto says that "mon«
talks," but unless you mention Thi
Federationist when purchasio*
goods from merchants wh« adver
tisc in this paper, it will not tall
on our behalf.
Don't forgot OUR advertisers.
Wll I.N   IUXGHY   KAT  AT 'PHI
sr   erf*
fltret
Ut/
Spring
Is Here
So are our Spring Suits. We are showing beautiful fabrics in all styles. No
matter what your pleasure is regarding
style, we can suit you.
Reasonably priced, consistent with
high quality.
-SHOP OP- I
ONLY STOKE OF
Thos. Foster & Co. Ltd.
514 Granville Street
-'!

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