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The British Columbia Federationist Jul 9, 1920

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$2.50 PER YEAR
Was to Have Addressed
Meeting  but Was
Intolerable Conditions are
Prevailing in Mining
On Tuesday last word waa received tn Vancouver, to the effect
that Organizer Christophers, of
the O. B, U., who was organising
j In Saskatchewan, had been kidnapped by the Estevan police. It
Appears that Christophers, who is
. a miner, was attempting to or
ganlse the miners in the Estevan
. district. He arranged to address
a meeting of the Dominion Collieries' employees at Taylorton,
Sask., on Saturday last He was
driven off the grounds by the representatives of the company. Nothing daunted, Christophers arranged a meeting for Sunday at
Btenfalt, five miles down the line,
' and the miners of Taylorton went
In auto trucks to hear him, but an
hour before the time for the meeting, the Estevan    vigilantes    got
. away wtth Christophers. Next
morning the miners were met at
- the gates of the Taylorton mine by
the foreman, and everyone that
was a member of the O. B. U. was
told to get his time. As they were
nearly all members of the O. B. U.,
. they are locked out, and with their
families, driven out of the company houses Into the wilderness,
"They, are terrorised and driven
into a eorner like sheep," reads a
wire sent to the Lumberworkers
General Secretary,
The Lumber Workers have secured the services of Mr. McMurray, who defended Russell In the
Winnipeg trials, to look after the
legal end ot the scrap, and at the
the same time have undertaken to
look after, the financial end of the
matter, and will supp'.y funds to
the locked out miners. Details as
to the manner In which Christophers was got out of the district are not available. He has,
however, returned to his home.
„ Canada has surely arrived at a
state of affairs where lt is raptdly
becoming necessary for the workers to demonstrate whether thetr
backbone Is In the right place.
Faced wtth a fuel shortage, and
the Vancouver Island Mining operators blaming the men for not
; working, it would appear about
time that the general public learnt
that so far as mining Is concerned
tn this country, similar scenes to
those that took place in Colorado,
are likely to be witnessed here unless the employing interests are
curbed. It Is useless to say that
It is the O. B. U. that Is causing
the trouble, as a resolution from
the International Mine Workers of
America, which appears In another
column, will prove. Rank anarchy
on the part of the employing class
Is slowly but surely bringing about
a condition tn- this country that
. will compel the workers to take
drastic aetion tn the near future
unless thetr activities are curbed.
The support ot all men ln the
Trades .Union Industrial movement will be necessary to cope
with employing class activities ln
the near future unless some change
takes place,
One of Hi, Majesty', guests at
the Prlion Farm In Manitoba,
eleoted aa one ot Winnipeg's
repreaentativea in the Provln-
' etal Legislature.
Will Speak on Matters of
Interest to the
The Socialist Party of Canada
wll hold the usual propaganda
meeting at the Empress theatre
next Sunday night, and J. Harrington will be on the platform.
To those of the working class In
Vancouver who have not yet become familiar wtth the Socialist
position, an Invitation is given to
attend this meeting, a mental revolution wtll be the result. To
the students of Sociology in Vancouver, a lecture of great educational value Is assured.
If the working class would be
free of the entanglements ot Modern Capitalism, they must first
possess an understanding of Modern Capitalism.
Literature of the very best on
Questions and an open platform
for discussion. Meeting begins at
8 p. m.    Doors open at 7.30 p. m.
Convention Paves the
Way for Exodus From
"Old Church"
Do you ever go out of your wny
to patronize thoso who patronize usf
U.M.W.A. Miners Decline
to Vote oh New Wage
Robert Livett of the U. W. W. A.
reports to the dally press that the
miners ln the late District 18, now
Mining District No. 1, O, B. U.,
voted almost unanimously for the
Western Coal Operators U. M. W.
A, agreement. The real facts of
the case, however, show that the
old time miners of the district
looked upon the agreement as a
huge joke and refrained from voting while the "Imported" miners
voted for the agreement,
thus giving lt the favorable vote.
Practically all the big camps Ignored the vote. In Fernle camp
wtth between six and seven hundred men working 86 voted for
and 4 against, Michel with over
400 men working there was not a
single vote cast, Coalthurst, Monarch and moat of. the Northern
Camps acted likewise. In some of
the camps where the men did vote
it was as follows: Wayne, .7 for;
72 against; Rosedeer, 27 for, 70
against; Jewel, 2 for, 48 against;
Hamilton, none for, 10 agalnBt,
At Coleman with the aid of booze
and "importations," a majority
was rolled up tn favor of the agreement. Drumheller alone gave a
majority, but only one fifth of the
miners of the camps voted.
At Beverley, near "Edmonton,
International organizers tried to
get the men Into the International,
but it was .declined by a vote of
106 to 6. An O. B. U. has now
been formed with Albert Tyldesly
as secretary. The International
organizers also visited Pocahontas,
Mile 22 and Pembina, with the
same results,
Judges Take a Best
The .four judges of the Appelate
Division of the Supreme Court of
Alberta have decided to take a vacation before tackling the "Can-
more Case," In which the miners
are charging the mine operators     „     .__._. _
with violations of tlie Industrial I In some plan that would be appli-
Dlsputes Investigation Aet 1 cable to the O, B. U.
Organization to Suit the
Needs of Workers to
Be Moulded
There was a fair crowd to listen
to the various items on the Agenda
which was drawn up by the com
mittee at the recent Mass meeting
held In the O. B. U. Hall. The
first Item, viz.: The best method
of organizing Vancouver, - was
tackled by many speakers from
all angles, it being pointed
that the organization must get as
many delegates on the job as possible. The need of literature was
emphasized by some speakers, and
lt was also mentioned that literature should be judiciously distributed, and not sent- broadcast
over the country, without ■ any
thought of whether lt did any good
or not.
The advocation of educational
classes wtthtn the O. B. U. was
feature suggested by another
speaker, as without some knowledge of their class position, the
workers would be helplesss to act
ln thetr own Interest.
In debating the Geographical
versus the Industrial form of organization, the general opinion
seemed to be that whntever form
the One Big Union took It would
be moulded to suit the needs of the
workerB as they arise. Cuses were
cited where some districts, owing
to their situation, have now the
geographical torm of organization,
and other cities and districts huve
strict Industrial form, being,
lt was pointed out by one speaker,
the most effective form to combat
the Issues that arise from time to
One speaker stated that lt did
not matter to him what form the
organization took upon Itself as
the organization was not revolutionary, but organized for the sole
purpose of getting as much for
labor power as the market at
any given time would permit,
Therefore the basis of organization must be on the job where
the workers, are compelled to organize, when working. The same
speaker pointed out that the members of the organization must en-
force discipline to make an effective fighting force.
The General Fund proposition
for the One Big Union was discussed, and the general trend of
opinion of the speakers was that
the Idea of centralizing the funds
was good, but the education necessary to such an undertaking would
entail an enormous amount of
work, and this work of educating
the members to the idea of a general fund, must first of all be
well covered In the different districts.
It was pointed out that different
locals of the Union would during
times of depression go out of business, owing to lack of local funds,
whereas If there was a general
fund to call upon In such cases,
the weaker districts would be kept
Atter the discussion on the General Fund a committee was appointed to go Into the proposition
more fully, and submit their findings at a future meeting, bringing
Organizer   Cassidy  and
Chicago Units Show
the Way
The big trek Into the One Big
Union is now well on its way ln
the United States. Delegates repre.
sentlng over 4,000 railroaders met
In convention at Chicago at the invitation of the Chicago Dlstriot
Transportation Unit of the O. B.
U., and voted favorably, elected
officers, formed an executive committee for the United States ahd
opened the flood gates for a victorious campaign.
Delegates from all parts of the
U. S. were In attendance, with T.
Cassldy, organizer of the O. B. U.,
at the helm. Many letters were
received pledging support, but stating their Inability to send a delegate owing to the lack of finances,
some saying frankly that assessments, etc. to the "old church"
had bled them about dry.
The election of an executive
committee for the U. S. was for
the purpose of efficiency.
On the adjournment of convention the newly elected Executive
got right down to work electing a
joint board to work ln conjunction
with Canada. . This joint Board
consists of the General Secretary
chairman and organiser. They further outlined a campaign that will
further outlined a campaign that
no doubt prove effective. For obvious reasons they are not making
thetr plans of organization public
at present. Neither the convention nor the Executive showed by
word or deed that they for one
moment minimized the task that
confronted them. The Executive
Committee (the train crew) Is
now busy making up the train.
The Secretary (the fireman) Is
building the fire and cleurlng the
deck, thc chairman I the engineer) ls oiling up and telling the
car knocker "to never mind the
air brakes, he don't Intend to use
them," the Organizer (dispatcher)
clearing the right of wuy, and
wires the Executive Board to "drop
that semaphore at the yard limits
and watch our-smoke."
The various other units are
making a steady and healthy
growth, which Is very gratifying,
If not surprising, in view of the
various organizations (industrial
and sem 1-1 ridustrlal, anlt Grand
Lodge, anarchistic, and Utopian)
that are endeavoring to capitalize
the prfhent unrestful conditions
particularly amongst the Railroad
Who at the present time Is
resting after a strenuous political campaign In Manitoba.
He never made a speech dur-'
ing the campaign, but he
needed the rest all the same.
At the present time he Is contemplating a very active participation In state affairs, and
lt is expeeted that the Minister
of Labor at Ottawa, the Hon.
"Old Up" RobertBon, will be
very uneasy until George haa
determined his future line of
P. J. DIXON, M. tt. A.
Who received the largest number of flrst choice votes ln the
city of Winnipeg In the recent
Provincial elections ln Mtni-
Do yon danoe? If bo, why not
Attend the O. B. V. whlst drive and
danco In lhe Cotillion Hall tonight
.(Friday). Whist 8 p.m., dancing 0
to 1. Admission, gents 50 oents;
ladies, 25 cents.
Don't forget the O. B, U. dance
In the Cotillion Hnll tonight (Prl-
dly).   Whlst 8 p.m., dancing 9 to
I.   Gentlemen SOc, ladles 25c.
Street Cars Are Being
Run Without Safety
Gates by B.C.E.R.
That the Tramways Regulation
Act of British Columbia Is not being enforced is generally conceded
In Vancouver. The B. C. Electric
Railway is running street cars that
do not In many particulars comply
with the provisions made in the
legislation to protect the travelling
public. On \ Tuesday evening, a
street car operating from Broadway East to English Bay, was noticed by a Federationist representative. This car had no gates at the
entrance or exit, and which are
supposod to be there for the purpose of protecting the public when
travelling, and In addition, the
steps were much higher than is allowed by law. Similar cars are
also being run on other routes.
This Is only another instance of
the laxity of our law enforcing officials, when the interests of large
concerns are In question. It may
be said that the non-enforcement
is due to the fact that the Public
Utilities Commission has been disbanded, and the B. C. Electric
Railway is now under the jurisdiction of the Railway Commission.
The Tramways Regulation Act,
however, is Provincial legislation,
and It should be enforced, not only
in respect to of the height of steps
and gates, but In respect to overcrowding. Not long ago a street
car conductor on Hastings street
told an inspector that if he put
any more passengers on the ear,
he would leave It, The car in question was full to suffocttlon, and
this Is not an Isolated case. On
every route In the main portions ln
the city, strap-hanging, when a
strap is available, ls the regular
fare served up to the travelling
public. While it may pay the,company to run cars which look as if
they had been dug out of the scrap-
heap, the lives of the public must
be safeguarded, especially at this
season when so many children are
using the cars ln order to reach the
beaches. The life of one child is
more than the profits of the B. C.
Electric Railway Company, and if
the officials entrusted with the enforcement of the law does not
carry out the duties whloh are Imposed on him, then ln the case of
accident, he must accept his share
of the responsibility with the company.
Dominion Coal Company
Is Organizing Private *i
Police Force
Russia Has Persistently
Sought Commercial
British Workers Protest*
1ng Against Actions of
Intimidation of Miners Is
Aim of Company Says i
Eastern miners are up in arms
over the preparations being made'
by the Dominion Coal Company]
to keep a private force of gunmen
in the field to Intimidate workera;
and keep them subjected to the,
nspirations of the management,.
Thc following resolution was passed:
at a recent unton meeting at Glace-
Hay and is to be taken up by ot!
Whereas the Dominion Coafj
Company Is again organizing, st'
private police force which is to
be In the pay and under the control of the said company and not
under the pay and control of any
public authority either In Town*
County  or Province.
And whereas In time past when
this Company.owned a private po4
lice force such force was used
largely to Intimidate, spy and foU
low workmen when carrying on
the affairs of their Trade Unions.
And whereas the workmen in
tho employ of the Dominion Coal
Co. can not believe but that this
new private police force Is being
organized again for the purpose
of spying and Intimidating Trade
Unionists, as only recently Superintendent Alex. McDonald stated
ln the press that there was no intention of the Company reorgar-
nixing the police force an there was
no law-breaking among the mine
And whereas If tho Dominion.
Coal Company really does require
further police protection we de-*
mund that siich shall be provided
by the Town or County, which;
Town or County could more thaii
suply all the police required If
the Dominion Coal Company would
pay its taxes at the same rate as-
other decent tax payers Instead of;
sponging on the rates of the"
mining towns.
Therefore bc it Resolved that
Glace Bay Local Union No. 4&Z2,\
U. M. W. of A. protest against ttt«||
Dominion Coal Company having
handed over to it by Town, County
or Province a private police force}
but that the said Company have
such police protection as other de-:]
cent honest citizens get, and that:]
we demand from the regular authorities a definite nnd immediate
answer as to whether they shall
Bwcar in any private police for the]
use of the Dominion' Coal Com-j
pany, and should such authorities
swear in such private police for.]
the use and under the control 0/
the Dominion Coal Company the,]
workmen shall consider this as "A'
change in the conditions of em-'i
And be it further Resolved that
this Local Union Inform the Minister of Labor that the employ*
ment of a private police force by'
the Dominion Coal Company ts a
very serious "Change In,the conv'
ditions of employment" under the
meaning of the Industrial Disputes]
Investigation Act and demand that
he use the power of his office tor.
compel the Dominion Coal Com*
pany to live within the meaning
of the provisions of that law,
Further Resolved that a copy of
this resolution be sent to the
Town Councils of Glace Bay and J
New Waterford, the County Coun*
oil, the Attorney Oeneral of Nova
Scotia and the Minister of Labor,
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of Pritchard's address td
the Jury can now be secured at thc
Federatlonist Office. The words
of Prltchard, when addressing thc
jury at Winnipeg will go down In
history as a part of the struggle In
human society for liberty. Every
worker should have a copy. Get
yours before the rush starts. Price
25 cents.
According to The Chicago Tribune correspondent at Gary; 88,000
men employed ln steel and allied
Industries In the Calumet region
face unemployment on account of
the coal and car famine, and a prolonged period of widespread stagnation is hinted at.
League of Free Nations
Associations Strikes
Off Mask
[By Laurence Todd]
OStaff    Correspondent    Federated
; Press)
Washington—Another smouldering tapestry Is pulled down from
(he walls of Wilson "Idealism," and
another hidden recess of treachery
tX> the people's freedom is revealed,
ln the publication of the series of
documents nnd pupcrs on Russian-
American relations of the past
three yours, edited for the League
■of Free Nations Association, under
the directions of the Rev. John A.
Ryan, D. D., J. Henry Scattergood
and William Allen White.
The fourteen points speech, on
which the future reputation of the
-President was fondly believed to
rest, is found to ba a mere political
trick, designed to retard the revolution-winged feet of the Russian
workers, and to lead the German
workers to believe Wilson to be
another Abraham Lincoln. Its Inspiration Is found In a cablegram
from thc same Edgar Sisson, who
later departed from Russia in 0
panic, nnd who bought—with public funds—all the forged documents thun on the market in Petrograd that slandered or Insinuated
against Lenin and Trotsky, and
foisted them upon America as being genuine.
And Lockhart, the confidential
agent of Lloyd George, who first
chummed with Raymond Robins,
and then apparently plotted with
the reactionaries to overthrow the
Soviet government—this very Lock-
hurt is found secretly imploring
his masters In London to work in
harmony with the Soviet regime,
and to avoid the calamity of permitting Japan to Invade Siberia.
At a moment when Britain is
muking its peace with Russia, when
Canada is sending Santerl Nour-
teva of the Soviet bureau at New
York to London under its special
protection, and when millions of
dollars' worth of Canadian goods
are boing purchased by the Soviet
government for Immediate shipment to Reval, this volume of evidence nf the cause of our wars
ngainst revolutionary Russia comes
as a reminder of the penalties of
government bad faith.
Sisson was In Petrograd. It was
.January 3, 1918. The great Russian people was in the throes of
social revolution. Brest-Litovsk
was impending. Sisson of thc Creel
bureau cabled his chief:
"If President will re-state
anil-Imperialistic war alms and
democratic peace requisites of
United States thousand words or
less, short, almost placard paragraphs, short sentences, I can
get it fed into Germany ln great
quantities in German translation,
and can utilize Russian version
potently in army and everywhere."
"Excerpts from previous statements will not serve.
"Need Is for Internal evidence
that Presldent'Is thinking of the
Russian and German common
folk In their situation of this
moment,'and that he ls talking
to them.
"Can handle German translation and printing here."
As the committee of the League
says: "In thc light of the cable
dispatches from Mr. Sisson, President Wilson would seem to have
written the fourteen points speech
on the advice of the publicity department of the United States government for pure publicity purposes in Russia and Germany. For
the dispatches reveal an eagernesB
on the part of Mr. Sisson In Russia
to popularize the war with the
Russian common people, and a decision on hia part, apparently concurred ln at Washington, that this
could be accomplished only by such
an address as the President delivered on January 8, 1918."
So, five days after Sisson cabled
his suggestion, the fourteen points
speech was made.   And five days
Do Not Like Amendments
to Canadian Immigration Act
When the situation aa to the imprisonment of Russell, Prltchard,
Ivens, Armstrong, Queen, Bray and
Johns waa placed before the London, England, Trades Council, the
following resolutions were passed:
"Whereas, the Canadian government haa used its powers to break
the Winnipeg atrlke of 1919, by
arresting and convicting seven of
the most prominent Labor men, on
a chargo of seditious conspiracy,
and ts now refusing to grant leave
to appeal from the decision of the
judge presiding at the trials, and
Is further trying to prevent the appeal being heard by the Privy
Council of Great Britain.
"And, whereas, the Canadian
government has passed an Imml
gratlon Act which permits them to
deport from that country, without
further trial, British subjects who
may be resident therein.
"Be it resolved, that this Council of 150,000 organized workers
views with distrust such an enactment, and protests against the attempt on the part of the Canadian
government to crush organized Labor ln that country.
'This resolution to be sent to
the Labor group In parliament, the
Colonial Secretary and the Minister
of Justice, Ottawa, Canada."
This delegate meeting of the
London Trades Council sends fraternal greetings to the seven
Canadian Trade Unionists who are
now suffering imprisonment, and
to all organized workers in Canada.
At a meeting of the Bnttersea
Trades Council similar resolutions
were passed, and the Mayor of
that municipality, who Is a member of that council, moved the resolutions, which were seconded by
a municipau coucillor.
Alderman   City  of  Winnipeg,
and M. L. A. for the same elty.
He la at present resting at the
expense of the government.
But A. P. of L Delegates
Did Not Seem to Realize It
MILWAUKEE—"1 am afraid I
must say that the recent A. F. of
L. convention in Montreal accomplished little for labor. At least
that was my view of it, and for
this reason I believe there ts a
crucial time confronting organ
lzed labor all over America that
very few realize," said Frank J.
Weber, Trades' Council delegate,
upon hts return to this city.
"I am convinced from all I have
been able to observe, that the
capitalists are preparing for
concerted attack on national and
International trade unions as soon
as the newly elected congress
comes In. The trouble is that
very few labor men suspect what
is coming, and this fact was shown
tn the convention."
Weberv brought back some Interesting facts about the returned
Canadian soldiers. He represented them as. sullen and dissatisfied.
While they fought for democracy,
they Intimate that they have lost
a lot of the democracy they already
had in Canada.
Lumber  Workers  Have'
9000 Members in Coast
Do you dance? If so, why not
attend Uie O. B. U. whist drive and
dance tn thc Cotillion Hall tonight
(Friday). Whlst 9 p.m., dancing 9
to 1. Admission, gents 50 cents;
ladles, 25 cents.
Women's Co-operative Guild
The election of officers for the
Central Branch of the Vancouver
Women's Co-operative Guild was
held In the city hall at a largely
attended meeting. The following
were elected: President, Mrs. O.
L. Charlton; vice, Mrs. Meek; secretary Mrs. Day kin; coresponding
secretary, Mrs. Steele; treasurer,
Mrs. Carswell; press convener,
Mrs. Skinner Next meeting July
British Transport Workers' Secretary Makes
This Statement
(London Herald Cable to The
Federated Press)
London—"Undestroycd and Indestructible," said Robert Williams
secretary of the British Transport
Workers Federation, to the Stockholm correspondent of thc London
Dally Herald. Williams wus speaking of the Soviet regime, which he
and his fellow members of the
British Labor delegation have just
been seeing for themselves. Williams* view that In five years' time
conditions in Russia will be so wonderful that a big migration from'
capitalistic countries is certain, ls
shared by the other members of
the delegation. Puree!!, of the Furnishing Trades Association, spoke
of the wonderful "spirit of devotion and revolutionary enthusiasm"
prevailing fn the Red armies when
the delegation visited the actual
fighting front during* the Polish
These statements again give the
lie to the malignant rumors assiduously spread by interested parties
to the effect that the British delegation was bitterly critical of
disgusted with the Soviet regime.
The latest lie spread here,
especially at Scarborough during
the Congress, had it thnt onc of
the delegates, Charles Rodcn Buxton, was arrested by the Russian
authorities. The Herald Russian
correspondent replied to a cable
request for information that he
and Buxton were living at the same
hotel, and that Buxton was absolutely free, well and happy.
Do you danoe? If so, why not
attend the O. II. U. whlst drive and
dance In the Cotillion Hall tonight
(Friday). Whlst 8 p.m., dancing 9
to 1. Admission, gents 50 cents;
ladles, 25 cents.
The London Dally Herald
charges that Lloyd George ls trying to wreck the negotiations with
Krassin, trade commissioner of the
Russian Soviets, by his persistence
In Introducing political affairs fn
the negotiations, when Krassln ls
authorized to take up only commercial affairs.
What about renewing your sub?
Slocan Strikers Keep Jobs
Prtty Clear of the
The fight In the Slocan mining
district Is still going strong, and
the International Is losing out In
Its efforts to man the mines. R.
H. Grimes, manager of the Slocan
Silver Mining Co,, finding the efforts of the International organizers of Uttle avail, sent BUI Bills
a carpenter, to Moose Jaw to rustle
up some workers. He got nineteen
by telling them that everything
was O. K., and that they would be
on a union job. When the manager met them at the station at
Grand Forks with a club in his
hand, one of the men, a returned
[soldier, asked what it was for, and
the reply gave the men a hint of
trouble. By this time the O. B.
U. men arrived on the scene and
the story was out. Thirteen of the
men decided to keep clear of the
job" and the remainder were escorted to the job by Bill Ellis,
with a rifle on hts shoulder, and
Henry Murehead packing thetr
baggage. The manager threatened to prosecute the rest for breach
of contract, saying he was out
91,000, having paid their fares
and bought them blankets, for
which they were to have paid out
of their wages.
Organizers McClusky and Goggin, M.M. & S.I.U., held a meeting at Trail in a further aetempt
to get thc men tn work under the
International. One hundred attended but by the time the meeting was over only forty-two
left. Most of these stayed to bombard the speakers with questions,
most of which were either not
replies. The organizers nlso ad-
answered, or met with unfavorable
vertlsed a meeting for Rossland,
but not a soul turned up and this
so annoyed them that they had n
big report published In The Rossland Miner stating whnt a splendid meeting they had and outlining thc speeches, which, of course,
wore mainly composed of glorifying thc Mill, Mine nnd Smeltermen's International Union, flooring tho O. B. U., and quoting the
B. C. Federatlonist and O. B. U.
Geo. Dlngwell, secretary of the
Rossland Unit offered to pay for
a hall and guarantee a good attendance If Goggin would debate
tne issue.    Goggin refused.
Coming Convention WiD
Be an Important
The men at Hurry's Cump,, '
Thompson Sound, are, on strike demanding a better quality of food
including freah fruit aijd vegetables—that a bath house with
shower baths and a dry house be
erected, all top bunka to be removed, blankets, sheets, pillows
and slips to be furnished and kept
ln a olean and sanitary condition,
new mattresses to be furnished as
the old ones are In an Insanitary
condition, wages to be paid semimonthly, proper drainage to be
constructed from the kitchen sink,
a licensed First Aid man to be
employed, and a gaa boat provided to take stck and Injured men
to hospital.
In conectlon with this strike It
ts interesting to note that the majority of demands are simply that
the Health and Compensation Act
regulations be enforced. This ta
further evidence ot the oft repeated statement that only by direct
action (political and industrial)
will the workers get any degree of
satisfaction. Credit must be given
to the splendid manner In which
the Compensation Board gets after
any case coming to their notice
In which the Aet Is not lived up to.
It ls to be regretted that all government departments are not aa. efficient in promptly enforcing the *
regulations as is the Compensation I
A wire haa been received from
Sandon that two International organizers are on the coast trying
to get scabs for the mines in the
Slocan district where the bosses, ,
with, of course, the fullest assistance of the A. F. of L„ are trying
to put the O. B. U. out of business.
It is reported that men at Day'a
Camp, Cheakamue, are working
under the going scale, although
they passed a motion a short time
ago that the full rate was to be
paid. This outfit ta cutting down
on the quality of the board, which
is a natural thing to do ln a camp
where the men will stand ior tt,
but the importance, of the low
scale of wages and inferior board
existing in this camp Is a menace
to the unton standard elsewhere.
9,000 Members on Coast
The actual membership In good
standing ln the coaat district exceeds considerably 9,000, (the actual figures will be reported at
the convention). This is the best
answer to the calamity howlers
who have been so much In evidence in the past. The employers'
declaration of war, or, as he preferred to call It, the open-shop
principle, ta greatly responsible
for the splendid standing of tha
membership, who realized that.
their only protection lies in a)'
strong and solid membership. A1
good representation of delegates le
expected at the coaat conventton
which opens on Monday, July 13.
at 10 a. m. The following Mon-
<Conttnued    on  page A)
ifiuhscrllwrs, Plcaso Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
their subscriptions arc bending In
the old price. The new rates arc
as follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; 91.50 per hnlf year. United
Statos, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will sec that they send In the
proper amount It wtll aid us and
also avoid mn fusion.
Calcutta, India.—The rovqlu
tfonary activities In India are
growing so fast that the British
authorities have decided to remove
the mint of Calcutta from Bar!
Bazar, where military defense is
difficult, to the Hastings by the
Ganges. In Its new position the
nflnt cnn be easily commanded by
the guns of Calcutta fort, and, if
necessary, mny easily be shipped
Mounted Police Visit Par*
sons When Woodsworth
- Spoke in Churches
During a church conference
held in Saskatoon in June, the'
Social service committee brought
in a resolution, protesting against
detective operations ln the affairs of private citizens of British
origin. The Rev. II- D. Rnnns
and Rev. W. 8. Held stated that
tht'l had been visited by tbe
Mountod Police because they had
allowed J. S. Woodsworth, who It
will he remembered was arrested
in Winnipeg for quoting Isaiah, to
Npeak In their churches on behalf
of the men now In gaol as a result of the Winipeg strike. The
debate on this question waxed
very warm at times and the government came In for some strong
criticism, the following resolution
was finally passed on the matter:
"Believing we are at a time
when constituted authority should
be strongly supported, and on tha
other hand, as strenuously claiming that freeedom of speech tn
these times of reconstruction safeguards tho country, which must
be most Jealously guarded agninst
all forms of militarism;
"We therefore deprecate any attempt, through any form of Intimidation, to limit freedom of
Self-Detcrm hint ton     for     Ireland
League of Canada
The organization of public opinion In Canada In favor of sclf-de
termination for Ireland, ls the objective of this new League, which
has opened provincial offices at
arc already In the field, and a provincial convention will be held in
August, to be followed by a Dominion convention in September at
Toronto, Speakers and the Do*
minion organizers, now busy in tha
eastern provinces, will reach Vancouver shortly. The name a-
doptcd In Canada is the same u
that of similar Leagues In Bri*
tain and other British Dominion^, PAGE TWO
ear, no. ai     THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. a
Gigantic Stock
| Reducing Sale
Onr entire stook of Men's Olothes and Furnishings selling now at tremendous reductions.
Arnold & Quigley
^...July o, an
finest Loesl J_mO
'• Loctl Lamb, stew, lb. *........«. 900
I Local Lamb, shoulders, lb. ..„._ 800
4 Local- Lamb, loins, lb. ..»_ ......82c
Local Lamb, legs, lb .............420
Slater's AjmUra Back Bacon, sliced,
per lb. . «_  *ie
Ho.  1   Steer   Prim*   Rib  Rolled
Roast, any weight.  Ref. 85c lb.
Friday aad Saturday, lb... 2»'/,o
Finest Loin Lamb Chops, lb...........60s
Finest Rib Lamb Chops, lb. „ _...40e
Finest Lola Pork Chops, lb. . ..SOo
Finest T-Boat Steaks, lb. 460
We will again pat oa salt oa
Friday and Saturday 600 of oar
Famous Sugar Cued Picnio
Hams. They an excellent for
boiling and an Ue cheapest
meat yon eaa buy. Reg. prlc*
86o lb. Friday and Saturday,
per lb   29V,e
Prime Oven Roasts, from, lb. ..22c
Prime Pot Roasts, from, lb. ..20c
Prime Blow Beef, from, lb 10c
Cooked Pressed Beef, sliced, lb. .Ate
Tray Bentos Cora Beef, sliced, lb. 060
Cooked Jellied Tongue, sliced, lb. 000
Cooked Luncheon Ham, sliced, lb. 4M
Cooked Teal Loaf, sliced, lb, 360
Finest Head Cheese, sliced, lb. ....26c
Finest Head Cheese, bowl .......20c
Fineit Pare Lord, 9 lbs. for ......$1,00
Finest Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for SSo
Our Famous Fresh Pork Shoulders,
weighing from 5 to 7 lbs., reg.
88o lb., Friday and Saturday,
per lb. ..^.-—.....-....-...^..aovic
Fineat Hard Dry Onions, ereryone
perfect.  Reg. 4 lbs. for SSe. Friday and Saturday, 0 lbs for 25c
Finest Roast Beef Dripping, lb. ..26e
B. 0. Fresh Eggs, doz  800
Fresh Alberta Eggs, dos.  .66e
Finest Cream Cheese, lb.  SOc
Fluent Nabob Tea, Ib. «.».  SOo
Blue Ribbon Tea, lb. .  6So
Cowan's Cocoa,  %-lb, ....................30c
Slater'a Famous Green Label Tea,
Reg. SOe lb.   Special   Saturday
from S a.m. to li noon only,
per lb  « 40o
Limit, 2 lbs.
Fineat  Alberta Creamery  Bntter,
Reg.  70c lb.,  Saturday from  8
a.m. to 11 a.m., lb. at  OOo
Limit, 0 lbs.
Brunswick Sardines, 8 for ..
Quaker Corn, tin .
Slater's Sugar Cured, sliced Streaky
Bacon, lb.   66c
Slater's Sugar Cured, sliced, Bacon,
per lb. -™— .„....„.,..  .....60c
Slater's Sugar Cared   Boneless   Roll
per lb, _... ;  SOe
Finest Large Prunes, lb. .....„„.....26e
Dare's Potted Meat, 8 for ............26e
Holbrook's Custard, 2 for ....._.......80e
Quaker Pork and Beans, 8 for ....260
Vinegar, bottle ..260
ISS Hastings B.       Phone Soy. 320S
SM Onnvfll* Si       Phone Soy, boo
8860 Male St Phono Pair. 1688
One American Has Income of $34,000,000 for
Year of 1919
Congressman Rainey of Illinois,
and Griffin of New York, spent
some timo during the oloslng days
of the session ln discovering the
number of new millionaires the
war made in the United States. A
preliminary compilation of the. income tax returns, according to
Congressman Rainey, shows the
following figures:
Number in class
Income range 1914    fSU
Above 11,000,000      60     248
$500,000 to $1,000,000.. 114 405
$300,000 to $£100,000.... 294 580
$200,000 to $300,000.... 363 1100
$100,000 to $200,000.... 1595    4700
Total above $100,000, 2426 7033
There Is thus nearly a three-fold
Increase ln the number of those
receiving big incomes and those ln
the class in 1914 added vaatly to
their incomes during the war. In
1919 one man reported an income
of $84,000,000; two reported more
than $16,000,000, and five had more
than $6,000,000 each. As will be
noted by the above table 248 were
receiving more than $1,000,000 a
year each. An Income of only $60,-
000 a year from property would
indicate that its possessor was
worth more than $1,000,000.
Pass tho Federationist along and
help get new subscribers.
American  Capitalist   (whining);    • 'Now, don't you go crazy Uke the
Europeans.   This country is differ ont—it's the land of the free."
London—Today one out of every
four families In Oreat Britain and
Ireland purehase all they consume
from their own co-operative stores
on the Rochdale prlnolple.
New Tork—The International
Carpentera Union (Independent),
supported by the rank and flle of
some of the locals of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners of America, has started a
campaign for the 40-hour week.
You may think that no change
can be brought about by voting,
but at least you should use your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
it is up to Vou to get on the list
for your district.
jr Have Yoa Registered?
I'   The voters' lists are now being
complied, lf you have not register-
, cd you should do oo, the list ls a
new one and the old list will not
! ibe recognized. You should register
(nt once.
The Amalgamated Clothing
Workers are beginning construction of a million dollar seven-
storey building in New York City,
which is expected to be the finest
Labor building ln the United
States, _______
|0 Sub. Cards
Good for one year's subscription to The
B. C. Federatlonist, will be mailed to
tny address la Canada for $22.50
(Good anywhere outside of Vancourer
elty.) Order ten today. Remit whea sold.
We stand in the roadway outside the gates of Union Dock,
not being allowed on the wharf by the big Companies, and
meet all incoming boats.
Fellow Workers—Look for the O. B. U. Button. Ask
Your Expressman.
Stand at Corner of Alexander and Columbia Avenue
331 per cent,
off for
100 per cent,
I give you a reduction of 1-8 on all Crown, Bridge
(fixed and removable) and Plate Work—snch as is
np to the established excellence of my practice.
'AU work done under this reduced price carries my
ton-year guarantee. Victory Bonds accepted in payment. Phone for appointment.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Orown aiid Bridge Specialist*
602 HASTINOS ST. W. Cor. Seymonr
Office Opon Tuesday and Friday Evenings
Defense Committee Meeting
B. C. Defense Committee
Mondayjuly 12,at8p.m.
All Members Are Requested to Attend
Jaw,  Sask.—Jos.  Kossiek, 40 Llllooet
St. W., Moose Jaw, Sask,
General   Workers,   Moose   Jaw—O,   B.
Wllks ,   1132  Wolfe   Avenue,   Moose
Jaw, Sask.
Transportation  Unit,  Moose  Jaw.—Seo.
Win. McAllister, 1103—4th Ave. N. E.,
Moose Jaw,   Sask.
Transportation Unit, Kamsack, Sask.—C.
Unniiat), Katunack, Sask.
Miscsllaneous  Unit,  Brandon,  Man.^-H.
Pearce,  745—8th   St.,   Brandon,   Msn.
Dauphin Unit, Manitoba — Mr. Warper,
Dauphin, Man. .;,  '
Transportation Unit, Transcona, Man.1 —
D. Jt. Duncan, Transcona, Man.     bns
Bakers and Confectionery, Winnipeg, Man.
—J. i'enner, 601 Lanfesi-Je h treat, Winnipeg, Man. ■"
Barbers' Unit, Winnipeg, Mau.
Aluinlmrs.,  43   Ka'.c  stroet,
Fort Bouge Unit.—J.  Bain,  700  Mul*ey
Ave.,   Winnipeg,   Man. I{l\ _
Canadian Pacific Bailway Unit, Winnipeg,
Man.—H.  K.   Lane,    1549    Alexander '
avenue, Winnipeg, Man.
i. - tbfA.
Winipes Trades and Labor
.Council (Int.) has decided to un
dertake an aggressive organization campaign to put the O. B. U.
out of business. This good news
for four reasons at least . It is
ifirst an "admission that the O. B.
MeUl Trtda,' Unit. Winnipeg, Mm. -y. y. ,is ollve and a menace to the
Wm. Pool, 72U Home stroot, Winnipeg,   Internationale,   deanlte   Iheir   oft
Mmi. '■
list of O.B.U. Units and Names
and Addresses of Secretaries
General Headquarters: 308 North West Building, Vancouver, B. O.
V. It. MIDGLEY, General Secretary
Notify General Secretary or Any Errors or Omissions,
Thunder Bay District Central Labor Coun-^Hotel aad Bestaurant Employees, Moose
cil—JS. £. Sykes, 744, Har.'tnuss street,         ~  ....     .
Fort William, Ont.
Winnipeg Central Labor Council—F. W.
Woodward, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide St.
Winnipeg,   Man,
Bdmonton Central Labor Council—Carl A.
Berg,  10383—101st street,  Edmonton,
Calgary Central Labor Council—It. Burns,
■Ml—15th Ave. West, Calgary, Alta.
Prince Bupert Central Labor CouncU —
J. i£. Burrough, Box 683, Prinoe Rupert, B. C.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council—
R. J. Campbell, Pender Hall, 804
Pender St. West,  Vancouver,  B.C.
Pile Drivers and Wooden Bridgemon,
Vancouvor, B.O.—T. Hcwett, Pendor
Hall, 804 Pender St. West, Vancouver,
Oaa Workers, Vancouver—John McCallum, 0537 Sherbrook St., South Vancouver, B.  C.
Planish Organisation, Vancouver, B, C—
H. Boos, 3536 Turner St., Vancouver,
B. C.
General Workers' Unit, Vancouver, B. C.
—B. J. Campbell, Pender Hull, 804
Pender St. West,  Vancouver,  B.C.
Laundry tnd Factory Workers, Vancouver, B.C.—B. J. Campbell, Pender
Hall, 804 Pender St. West, Vancouver,
Marino Firemen and Oilers' Unit, Vancouver, B.C.—O. Owens, 314 Cordova
St.   West,   Vancouver,   B.C.
O. B. U. Women's Auxiliary, Vanconver,
B. 0. — Mrs. W. A. Alexander, 1810
Semlln drive, Vaneoaver, B. O.
General Workora, Kamloops, B. C—J. L.
Peterson,  P.  O.  Box   812,   Kamloupa,
B. C.
General Workers, Prince Georgo, B. C—
J.   H.  Bishop,     Drawer    20,    Prince
Oeorge,  B.  C.
General   Workers,   Princeton, B, C.—J.
Horrocks,  Princeton,  B.  C.
General Workers, New Westminster, B. C.
C. A.  Whittaker,   724—2nd   St.,   New
Westminster,  B.  C.
Hedley   Workers'   Unit—T.  R.  WJlley,
Hedley, B. C.
General Workers' Unit, Victoria, B. C—
E. Waterson,  1424 Oovernment street,
Victoria, B. C.
Port Mann Bailway Workers' Unit, K. W.
W. A. Duark, 214 St. Patrick St., Now
Westminster. B. C. %
Otl Refinery Workers' Unit, loco, B. C—
E. J. Miller, loco, B. C.
Fishermen's Unit, Sointula, B. O.—G. B.
Maitland, Sointula, B. O.
Fishermen's Unit, Lund, B.  O. —Klnar
Anderson, Lund, B. C.
Metal Miners,  Bossland,  B.  C—George
Dingwall,   P.   O.   Box   123,   Rossland
Metal Miners, Vancouver, B. O. — E.
Winch,  61  Cordova street  west,  Vancouver, B. C.
Metal Miners, Kelson, B. C—R. Barrow,
P. O. Box 197, Nelson, B. C.
Mill and Smeltermen's Unit, Trail, B. C.
~i\ C. Campbell, Drawer 28, Trail, B.
Motal Miners, Silverton, B. C. — T. B.
Roberts, P. O. Box 85, Silverton, B. C.
Metai Miners, Sandon, B. C—T. B. Rob*
erts. Drawer K., Sandon, B. C.
Metal Miners, Hedley, B. 0.—T. H. An-
Andrews,   N.  P.   Mlno,  Hedley,  B.  C.
Metal Miners, Kimberley,  B. O.—B. E.
Burke, Klmberley, B. C.
Metal Minors, Moyie, B. C—Tim Farrell,
Moyie, B. C.
Coal Miners' Unit, Nanalmo, B. O.—Andrew Dean, Nanaimo, B. C.
Coal Miners' Unit  Cumberland, B. 0.—
Wm.   Begley,   Box   527,   Cumberland,
B. C.
Ooal Miners' Dlatrlct Board—E. Browne,
Taber, Alberta.
Coal Miners'   Unit.  Fernle.   B.  O.—A.
Sawyer, Drawer 829, Fernie, B. C.
Ooal Miners'   Ualt,  Michel.  B.   C.-H.
Beard, Natal, B. C.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Bellevue, Alta.—John
Brooks, Bellevue, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Beverley, Alta—Albert
Tyldesley,  Beverley, Alta.
Coal  Miners'   Unit,  Aorlel,  Alte.—I.  O.
Radocy,  Aerlel,  Alta.
Coal Miners' Unit,    Commerce,   Alte.—
Mr. Bowley, Commerce, Alta.
Coal Miners' Unit Coleman Alta.—H. P.
Hansen, P. O. Box 204, Coleman, Alta.
Ooal  Miners'   Unit,  Coalhurst,  Alte.  —
Percy  Spencer,    Box   318,    Coalhurst,
Alta. i
Coal Miners' Unit, Canmore, Alte.—Harry Kixeme, Box 263, Canmore, Alta.
Coal Miners' Unit, Blairmore, Alte.—Rod
MoDonald, Box 175, Blairmore, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Brule, Alta. — Wm.
Moldownn, Box 01, Brule, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit, Edmonton, Alte. —
Carl E. Berg, 10888—101st Btreet, Edmonton, Alta.
Ooal Miners' Unit  Drumheller, Alte, —
Arthur Kvanc, Nae Mine, Drumheller,
Ooai Miners' Unit, Nordegg. Alte.—George
Farnworth,   Brasean   Mines,   Nordegg,
Ooal Miners'   Unit. Lethbrldge, Alta.—
Chas. Peacock,  1202—18th St. North,
Lethbrldge,   Alta.
Begai   Mine   Unit,   Taber,  Alte.—Wm.
Machoek,  Regal Mines, Taber, Alta.
Coal Miners' Unit, Taber, Alte. — Alex
Patterson, Taber, Alta.
Cool Miners' Unit, Hillcrest, Alte.—Donald A. Grant, Hlllcrest. Alta.
Transportation Unit, Edmonton, Alte.—
J. Lakeman, 9853—76th Ave., Edmonton, Alts.
General Workers, Edmonton, Alte.
Building Trades, Edmonton, Alte.—Geo.
L. Ritohle, 10739—86th St., Edmonton,
-Alta.    <
Bricklayers' Union, Edmonton, Alte.—G.
Makepeace,  11404  St.    Albert    Road,
Edmonton, Alta.
Transportation   Unit,   Calgary,   Alte..—
Geo. Mobs, 7417—22nd St„ Ogden, Calgary, Alta.
Miscellaneous   Unit,   Oalgary,   Alta.—W.
Smith, 127A—8th Aye, West, Calgary,
Transportation    Unit,    Hanna,    Alte.—
A. he.*, Hanna P. O., Hanna, Alta.
Radville Unit,  Sask,—E.  Graham,  Kid-
ville, Sask.
General Workers, Regina, Sask. — Let.
Rolf,  2175   Broiler  St.,   Reglna,   Sash.
Transportation Unit, Saskatoon, Sask.—
C.   Morre'l,   021   Avonue "K"  South,
Saskatoon,  Sask.
Hundred* Take a Holiday Whilo
Waiting for Wage Board's
Brie, V. A.—About 400 men
of Railroad Trainmen and the
Switchmen's Union employed aa
switchmen In the Erie switching
dlstriot, left their Jobs on Saturday, June 25, and started on a
fishing trip, which they claim will
continue until the wage board
hands out a satisfactory answer
to their demands. This was the
most complete tie-up reported in
any place where the so-called
"outlaws" defied their old line
brotherhood leaders by Joining
the new union, known as the
Yardmen's Association. On the
N. Y.C. & H. R. over 90 per cent
of the men, lt is claimed, Joined
the new union, and only 12 men
remained in the service atter the
strike was called.
Osakl, Japan—Twenty thousand
working people were disoharged
here in June because ot the economic    depression.   They include
500 women. Many smaller factories have been closed in other
Electrical Workers* Unit, Winnipeg, Nad.
—A. O'Donnell,  89  Landedowne Ay.',.
Winnipeg,   Man. .."
Glove Woum* Unit, Winnipeg, Mafa.'*~
Miss  Greer,    154   Burroughs   aveatitf,
Winnipeg, Man. \*.i
Lady Garment Workers, Winnipeg, Man.
—M.  Brown,  424  Stella avonue, Winnipeg, Man.
Miscellaneous Unit,  Winnipeg, Man. —
Miss R. Lamb,   1566   Pacific   avenue,
Painters'   Unit,  Winnipeg,  Man, — o.
Walsh, 248 Kennedy street, Winnipeg,
Sheet Metal Workers'   Unit,   Winnipeg,
Man.—W.   Stone,   194    Quelch   street,
Winnipeg, Man.
Steam and Operating Engineers, Winnipeg,  Man.—A.   Cooper,   Allman  Block,
Main  Street,   Winnipeg,   Man,
Teamsters, Winnipeg, Man.—D.  McLean,
8(i0 Cathedral avenue, Winnipeg, Man.
Tailor's Unit, Winnipeg, Man. — J. D.
Madura,  537 Johnston  avenue,  Winnipeg, Man.
Grant Unit, Ontario — S. W. Brownlee
Orant, Out.
General Workers' Unit,   Carleton  Placo,
Ont.—A. M. Bennett, General Delivery,
Carleton, Place.
Textile  Workers'   Unit,   Carleton  Place,
Ont,—Earl McCaffery, general delivery,
Carlton Place, Ont.
Transportation Unit, Cochrane, Ont. — F.
H. Clarke, Box Ul, Cochrane, Ont.
Metal   Miners'   Unit,   Cobalt,   Ont.—L.
Bound, Drawer 921, Cobalt, Out.-
Starch Workers' Unit, Tort WiUlam, Ont.
—E.   E.   ByVe*.   744  Harkness  street,
Fort William, Ont.
Bakers' Unit, Fort William, Ont. — F.
Adams,   231   Amelia  street  cast,   Fort
William, Ont.
Goneral Workers' Unit, Fort William, Ont.
—J. Dixon, 202 Cummlngs street, Fort
William, Ont.
Ooal Handlers' Unit, Fort William, Ont—
J. J. Tibonl, 521 Mcintosh street, Fort
William, Ont.
Steam Operating Engineers, Fort William,
Ont. — o. W. Uunby, 253 Brunswick
avenue, Fort William. Ont.
Metal Miners' Unit, Oowganda, Ont.—H.
Hantner, Cow-panda, Ont.
Oeneral Workers' Unit, Hamilton, Ont.-—
H. Roberts, 204 Quren Street North.
Luggage   Workers',   Kitchener,   Ont. —
Adam   Schilling,   65   Edward  atreet,
Kitchener, Ont.
General Workera, Pembroke, Ont.—Fred
H. J, Woermko, Pembroke, Ont,
Lnmber Workers, Port Arthur—M. Hatherly,   74   Cumberland     Street     South,
Port Arthur, Ont.
Shipbuilders' Unit, Port Arthur. Oat. —
Jss. Duncan. 283 Cameron street, Port
Arthur, Ont.
Bailroad Workers' Unit, Fort Arthur, Ont.
—W.  Stephenson,   617   Brodie   street,
Fort  William,   Ont.
Port Arthur General Workers' Ont--W.
U.  Checkley,  43   Farrand  street,  Port
Arthur, Ont.
Carpenters' Unit, Port Arthur, Ont.—W
E.  Cresdec,  719   Brodie   street,   Fort
William, Ont.
Civic Employees, Port Arthur, Out—H»r-
ry Watt,  229 College street, Port Ar
thur, Ont.
Telephone Operators, Port Arthur, Ontjj-j
Miss Vlolot Perry, 618 Red River Road,
Port Arthur, Ont. ra t
Sioux Lookout Unit, Ontario — George
Hamlyn, Box 176, Sioux Lookout, Ont.
General Workers' Unit, Toronto, Oofce-t
S. Weaver, 1085 Queen Street West,
Toronto,  Ont. .. |
General Workers' Unit, Windsor, Ont' ~A
A. Hopkins, 842 Windsor AveBtfe,
Windsor,  Ont. \(i j
Goneral Workers' Unit, Montreal, Qno^-J
W. Long, 825—Srd avenue, Maison-
neuve, Montreal, Quebec. '    ■
Oeneral Workers, Oakland, Oal., U. 8. A.
—Goo. Baker, 812 Broadway, :-
Oeneral Workers, Seattle, Wash., U.SA.
J. A. Stuart, 2227—7th Ave., Seattle,
Wash,, U. S. A. . D ;
General Workers, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.A.—
Fred Bruce, 122—10th St., Toledo, O.
Independent Carmen's Union, Los Angeles, Cal.—Lee Hull, 846 W. Vernon
Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. , '
Motet Miners' Unit, Butte. Mont, U. S. A.
—Fred C. Clough, 101 South Idaho
atreet, Butte, Mont., U. 8. A.
Motel Miners' Unit, Los Angeles, CaL,
U. S. A.—Go. W. Graydon, 601 California Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal,
Motel Workers' Unit, Neihart. Mont.. U.
8. A.—James Comae, Neihart, Mont.,
U. 8. A.
BaUway Unit, Great Falls. Mont., U.S.A.
—O. E. McClanathan, 406—Oth Ave,
East, Great Falls, Mont.,  U. 8. A.
Bailroad Unit No. 1, Burnslde Div., Chicago, III,, U. 8. A.—W." J. Kane, 7881
South Loomls St., Chicago, 111., U.S.A.
Bailway Shopmen's Unit, Chicago, HI.,
U.S.A.—Z. J. Jones, 6448 Normal
Bir.,  Chicago,  111.,  U.  S. A,    >
Transportation Unit, Mtlwaukeo, Wis.,
U. B.A.—Irving Amerlnger, 8013 Oa-
Calgary Typographical Union
now boasts of the highest Job scale
In Canada and one of the best on
the continent. After negotiations
extending over several weeks the
scale committee finally secured an
offer of $45 per week for day work
nnd $48 for night work for a period of six months, from May 1,
Revolting Conditions De*
scribed By New Guinea
[By W. FranciB Ahern]
(Australian Correspondent of The
Federated Press)
Sydney, N. S. W.—J. T. Bone-
stead, the Australian government
agent for British New Guinea—
which ls administered by the Australian Commonwealth government
—tells an ugly story of the-manner in which the natives are being
treited by some of their employer!
in the territory.
He states that on one plantation
in New Guinea, he found the following revolting conditions in
operation against the native workers: '
They received one meal per day,
consisting of a quarter pound of
rice and a few sweet potatoes, Thii
meal was given, not before they
went to work, but after they had
been at work from 7 % to 9 hours.
The natives were forced to work 7
days per week, from 5:30 ln the
morning until 6 o'clock at night,
and were actually seen working in
the field at night by the light of
flares, Sick and incapacitated natives were compelled to work, while
the bosses kept fierce dogi which
were turned on the natives lf they
would not work.
In addition to this, the natives
were continually beaten by European foremen In charge of them,
while they did not get enough
clothing. Most of them did not
have any clothing, but went about
their work naked.
Where they wer* at work near
the coast this was bad enough, but
ln the case of natives working 2000
and 8000 feet above sea level, it
was nothing short of barbarism,
since the nights were bitterly cold.
When the natives become too sick
to do any work, they were put in
an old shed, utilized as a fowl roost,
and were left to die.
These Prices Cry
Snap up the snap-price offerings on
our entire July-stock
Wc hold a thorough 14-day "house-clean!-
ing event"—sacrificing the whole July;
output of Suits, Coats, Dresses—choice
materials made up in ravishing Summer
Buying was never so ridiculously easy u
it is at the Famous today.
Near GranviU*
Internationale, despite their oft
'repeated statements that tho'newer form of organization doesn't
count, nnd is doomed to die of Its
own Inherent weakness. Next it
'is an admission that the previous
attacks of the Internationals, combined wtth the active and fullest
co-operation of the bosses and
trovernment, have been failures.
If the O. B. U. la fundamentally
unsound it will collapse without
the need of attack from outside
Itself, It Is also nn admission
(unconscious undoubtedly) that
the opponents of the O. B. U.
Industrial form of organization do
not understand tho inevitable
changes that must take place In
workers'^ organizations to conform
to the industrial needs of the time
nnd place. Consequently their
action is but the Ignorant and
helpless flounderlngs of a drowning  body.
But most Important of all ls the
result which is sure to follow the
attack, for nothing can do more
to bring to the consciousness and
understanding of the workers the
of the two forms of organization
than such n campaign from which'
the O. B. U. ls sure to emerge victorious and stronger than ever,
simply because it Is built on the
right principles in conformity
with the workers' needs, and finally because it invites the fullest
Laundry Workers Unit OBU.
All members of the above unit
will take notice that the next meeting will be held on Tuesday, July
13, at 8 p.m. prompt, In the O. B.
U. hall, corner of Pender and Howe
streots. Business of Importance,
and election of ollicers at this
General Workers t'nit O, B. U.
The above unit, not hnving met
for three weeks, thero will be Important business to be discussed at
the next meoting, Wednesdny, July
14, O. B. U. hall, corner of Ponder
nnd Howe streets. Members will
also take notice that election of
offlcors will take place at this meeting. A good attendance is requested as a full report of the activities
of this unit for the previous six
months, will be presented to the
meeting. All members who have
£ jLnot paid their dues for the month
ot May, will be struck off The Fed
eratlontst. Hst, after this meeting
has been held. So If you want to
read your "own" paper, come up
square up and take part In the activities of the unit.
You can now have your furniture removed, or any express work
'done by O, B. U. help, the stand
on Alexander street and Columbia
'avenue having all signed up In the
O. B. U. Keep this m mind, and
when wanting expressmen or removals, phone Soy, 3279 or Sey.
i Montana reactionaries are apparently reverting to war-time
tactics. A mob pursued and attacked B, K. Wheeler, farmer-labor candidate for governor, when
ho attempted to speak In Dillon.
Graham R. Taylor, once a Red
Cross worker in Russia, states that
last April the American Red Cross
was ready to extend Its activities
into Russia. "But something must
have occnurred politically to cause
a change tn its plans," he added.
I think that the Red Cross officials ought to be given a chance to
clear themselves beforo the American people, or else ought to bo
given the opportunity to begin relief work in Russia."
Patronize Federatlonist advertli-
leao Street, Milwaukee, Wis., V, S. A. ers and tell them why you do so.
Stop!    Look!!     Listen!!!
How many times have the members of the L. ft C. W. I. U. voted
on this question? And yet the
speed-up system continues.
When you figure up the blood
and sweat sucked out uf your hide
by the leaches of contract, piecework or bonus system, you must
realize that we are much better
off under days' wages, even if it
does mean that the boss has to
hire a bull bucke??
When are you going to get
wise? Now or never? There are
some so-called members—really
card carriers—that are ln love
with the contract system, and who
whilst handling the hardware,
vision themselves as becoming
plutes, and with their millions
taking a trip to sunny California
for the winter, there to rub
shoulders with movie stars and
hit the high spots with their fellows of war-profiteering fame,
Instead of which, after a few
months of contracting to speed
themselves up, or being dazzled
with the prospect of a future
bonus, they draw their lousy four
or five hundred, they leave their
hides on the stumps and drag
their miserable, weary carcasses
down to the nearest bright lights
and get all the pleasure they can
out of boasting what they did, and
how next time they will make
enough to "take in" California.
If they ever do "take In" anything it will be a change after
having been /'taken  in."
This speed-up system Is glutting
the market. Now, fellows, wake
up! If you believe In speedli#
up and carry a card you might-be
able to join the budding millionaire gang who are falling by contract at Undine's camp. But, perhaps you are a union man and not
a " card carrier,". if so, keep
away. I
Hoping for success to the O.B.U.
, The Twin,
International Bricklayers Hav* to
Be Imported to Work at
Int. Wage Scale
The Bdmonton Free Press reports that the International Bricklayers and Masons' Union of that
city, "has signed an agreement
with the Oeneral Contractors' Association for an lncreaae and a'
closed shop. In order to moke
this agreement workable, however,
says The Calgary Searchlight, the
brieklayera are having to be Imported because the Bricklayers'
Unit of the O. B. U„ controlling
80 per cent of the bricklayers, refuse to accept the scale.
Government by injunction hss
received another inpetus and the
cause of labor has had another obstacle placed in its path by the
recent decision of Judge Roden-
beck of Rochester, N. T., against
the Amalgamated Clothing Workers. The judge granted the Michaels-Stern clothing company a permanent Injunction against the unton and upheld the request of the
employers  for $100,000  damages;
The Slacker
The term slacker was coined by
the wln-the-war-for-freedom-and
democracy patriots and aplied to
those who for reasons of their
own declined to take part in the
civilized pastime of wholesale extermination of human beings.
Although officially the European
war Is over—the greatest war In
human history is still being actively carried on; that is the class war,
and In this war there are, particularly in the ranks of the working
class, many to whom the term
'slacker" cnn well be applied.
There nre those who know^ the
fight Is on but who are quite willing to let "George" do all the work
ln the firing line, although they
will assist In a minor degree by
helping to provide the ammunition
of working class educational literature, tho purchase and circulation
of which Is only made possible by
the proceeds from dues, etc.
Some workers do not uven assist to this extent owing to their
Ignorance of the necessity and
value of orgnnization and education, but the real slacker, or at any
rate the meanest type, Is the one
who pays his dues only when he
has to, and after getting several
months in arrears tries to slide
from undor doing his bit by re-
Joining as a new member without
Informing the delegate that he Is
in arrears.
Don't forget the O. B. U. danoe
ln the Cotillion Hall tonight <Pri-
dty). Whist 8 p.m., dancing 9 to
1,   Gentlemen BOc, ladles 95c
Get On tlio Voters' List
You may think that no change
can be brought about, by voting,
but at least you should use your
ballot at the next election. The
lists are now being compiled, and
It ls up to you to get on the list
for your district.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
tlieir subscriptions are "ending In
the old price. Tlie new rates are
as follows: In Canada, 92.50 per
yoar; $1.50 per half year. United
States, $3.00 per year. If subscribers wlU see that they send ln the
proper amount it will aid ns and
also avoid confusion.
Don't forget OUR advertisers.
Throughout modern history reactionary leaders have had much to
say about the Ignorance of the
working classes and their own fitness to rule, but the only consistent Ignorance the people have
shown Is trust In these same
leaders who are trying to coin dividends out of their labor.
It's not what your income is — but what
you save that counts
— and the place to
save is here.
Butter, new grass creamery,
3 lbs $1.95
Eggs, local new  laid,  fresh
dally, per dozen  60c
New Potatoes, extra special,
3 lbs 25o
Choice Pink Salmon, %'s, 3
tins 25o
Prunes,   nice   and   fresh, 2
lbs 45c
Black or White Cooking Figs,
2 lbs 45c
Small White Beans, 3 lbs. 25c
Dried Green Peas, 3 lbs...25o
No. 1 Jap Rice, 2 lbs SSo
Golden Crust Baking Powder,
5-llj. tins $1,00
Tea, a very choice blend of
broken Orange Pekoe, per
lb.     60a
Coffee,   fresh   roosted   and
ground daily, lb BSo
Blue     Ribbon     Evaporated
Peaches, 6 lbs $1.50
Robin Hood Rolled Oats, 6-
lb. sacks 47c
Sugar, B. C. granulated, 100-
1b. sacks    $21.50
Orangeade   and    Lemonade,
concentrated, per bot 38o
Raspberry Vinegar, per bottle    35c
Lime Fruit Juice, per bottle  „ 35o
Jelly      Powders,      assorted
flavors, 2 pkgs .'.....25c
Eagle   Condensed   Milk,   per
tin     , 25o
Reindeer    Condensed    Milk,
per tin  23c
B.    a    Pacific   Milk,    large
cans, 2 for 25c
By the case, $6.00
The Home of Quality
, Groceries
Seymour 1369
Guaranteed Coal
^ Means—
If our cosl is not satisfactory to yon, aftor you
havo thoroughly triod it
out, wo will remove what
coal is left and charge you
nothing for what you have
Tou to be the sole judge.
Kirk & Co.
929 Main Street
Phones Seymour Mil ud Ml
rhom S.JD0U Till
nm riMr, woim siuuit vu.
emu, a. O.
Greateit Stock of
in Greater Vaneoaver
Replete ln every detail
Hastings Fnnnhire CaLtd.
_. BiMap atsnt WM
id« VoMleobolle wUm ot all
Labor Power Regenerated
—at th»—
Meals of tho Best—Prietr
P. Gibb
67 Oordova St. W.
Near tha Loggers' HaU
Saves labor. The Coupons
with each package ue a
value in themselves.
TH.X izZ'Szday> ms- rwant t0«out 4o°"aBd
^ntitYIZ^i * d.""J!?l• "' "*» Walton or a ba»eball .«-
OF THE 0. B. U..
$2.50 PER YEAR
Lumber and Camp Workers
—Industrial Unit News—
Camp Reports
_! Day's Camp
About two weeks ago a meeting
Was called in this camp, the result
of which was a written demand to
the management asking that several members of thiB unton be
paid the going rate of wages for
thelr^varlous jobs. Considering
that these fellows were receiving
about ONE DOLLAR per day less
than ls usually paid, we consider
we were justified In our demands,
yet the demand was ignored entirely, this fact being, I take lt, a
direct "slap in the face."
Regardless of this, however, all
men are 'satisfactorily' working,
and this camp ls supposed to be
The quality of the board has
also been cut down this last-few
weeks, owing to the refusal of
Ihe company to aupply such items
at fruit and vegetables.
Yours in a submissive camp,
I No. 286.
U     ;—
Camp 2
' Condltlona In thla camp are good.
Good grub and good cook. Blankets and sheet* are furnished by
the company. We atlll have top-
bunks, which are likely to remain
during the season as the eompany
Is not willing to build new busk
bouses while we are working on
thia claim. Have a reading and
writing room, bath house and dry
room. This Is a 100 per cent
camp. Meetinga are held twioe
a month.
Delegate In  thia  camp  ahould
draw the attention of the employer
to clauae 12 of the new Provincial
Health Act relating to top bunka.
—General Seeretary.
the pigsty. There are 76 men ln
camp. The memberB Bhould take
notice that when a meeting is called, it ls for the purpose of transacting their business, and they
ahould attend, and discuss the affaire of the union in the meeting,
and not kick In the bunk house
about what is done ln their absence. «.
Fellow workers,  brace up and
take   an   active   interest   ln  your
union's affairs to Improve your own
personal condition as a worker.
H. 117.
We want you all to be Informed
concerning the second trouble we
bad In Ocean Falls a short time
ago, which took place in Beale ft
Stanford's camp, concerning sanitary conditions. There being over,
crowded sleeping quarters and also
the grub was not properly cooked.
After presenting our grievances to
Mr. Stanford, one of the contractors, he gave a hurried glance over
our demands and a hurried aniwer, stating "I am through, I
Bhall leave it to my partner to reply." The following morning we
received hia reply ln which he
Btated that the camp would be
closed down. Some of the workers had Just come from Vancouver, and they Interviewed Mr.
Smith, who ls superintendent over
the logging, concerning their fare
back to Vancouver seeing that the
camp was closed down. His reply
was—to go back or they could not
Bleep or eat in the camp. Many
of the boys who came up on the
boat could not make tt out, as thc
boat only stayed one hour. Those
who could, came back, but those
who were broke could not make
It and had to stay behind. We
do not know how they got on.
Please send out all the latest
copies of Labor papers, in English
only, for the Ukranlans get tbelr
own. I have lined up three men,
and will atay here till I see if I
can get some one to take out credentials, and then will send their
name to you. There are about
SO men here, and the conditions
are nil. There seems to be nothing
here but work. This Ib a "good
road" Job, all four horse fresno
work, seven miles south of Oak
Lake. There Is another camp 12
miles north of town (Bovtnes.' 1
don't know whether the boss knows
what I'm doing or not, but I don't
believe he cares whether a man Ib
• Bolsheviki or a Methodist. I
will aend you a report, and remit
some money the fore part of the
coming week. Yours for the O.
B. U. B. S.
Hoard A Flaherty's Camp
ThiB camp Is on Vancouver Island. The men complain that the
papers arriving by mall are not
distributed promptly, sometimes
laying for two weeks bofore being
distributed by the delegate. The
bunk houses are never scrubbed,
and seldom swept. Bome of Uie
bunk houses are kept locked by
the.men who occupy them, and are
In a very unclean condition. The
bunks are all single, some wood
and some Iron. There is a bath-
bouse, but lt Is not as good os lt
might be. The cook Is very good,
proved. He also made them move
and is having the cook house Im.
I am ashamed to admit that, I
have not lined up any of the boys
yet, for the simple reason that they
don't understand the principles of
the.O. B. U. They seem to think
that If they Join the O. B. U. they
commit a crime. In short, I. have
found out that it ls a tough proposition to organise the laboring
class in this part of thc country.
1 do not mean that they do not
want to Join an organization, for
they do. Only at present they are
plum scared. In fact, to be more
frank, when it comes te a showdown, I don't know a lot about
the O, B. U. myself, and another
thing ls this, I went west to the
opaat about three years ago, and
here I have come baek, and am
trying to teach them something.
That's the way they look at lt.
What they want ia a stronger and
more intelligent man to explain the
thing to them ln the right way,
then my worries are over. I want
your help. Alao I am sure that lf
you come down here and talk to
them for once, they all would want
to be O. B. U., as soon aa they
properly understand lt.
Now, enough of thiB hard luck
story. Here's where wo come down
to buainess.
In Portage la Prairie there are
about (00 or 700. Ukrainians or
Russians, whatever you want to
call them. I call them slaves. They
all live tn the north part ef the
town; they have two churchea and
two halls. That meana that they
used to be religiously divided, but
now they realize that religion Is
religion, and their economic life
and needs ta another. But atlll,
the Catholics arc ln the majority.
I have arranged with the members
of the Socialist Party that you can
use their hall If you come here and
explain the O. B. IT.
The head of tjje hall ls a well-
read man, and a good strong o. B.
U. sympathizer, but there are
plenty who are sympathizers and
that's all, and to my point of view,
sympathy ls no good these days.
What the O. B. U. wants is menl
Men that wtll act and not turn
yellow, when put to the test
Oan.nl HMnutmi     ■•
Vancouver, B. 0.1 S. Winch, 01 Oordon Stntt West.
Onntrook, B. O.i  J. H. TbianjIM,
toniteek   DUtrlot—Lo|ia    sd-
tlnr:   George Sprenll.
Xunloosl. B. 0.1 J. tt. Peterson, Box
814, S Victoria Street.
Heitit B. 0.1 W. S. Kilner, Box I.
M.uon, B. 0.; B. Burow, Oeneral
Meetings ere keU in tke O. B. D.
Hsll, B»ker Street, Neleon, on the
4r«l end third  Snndey of oich
month st 8 p.m.
Princo Oeorge, B. O.i t. BUveneon,
Dnwer 20.
Prince Bnpert, B. O.i 3. H. Bnrroujh,
Box 833.
Vsncouver, B. O.; J. M. OUrko, 81
Oordova Stmt Welt.
Victorin, B. 0.:  E. Wfttonon, 1424
Oovernment Street.
Edmonton, Altft.;   0.  Serf,  10333—
101st Street Ent.
Prince Albert, Suk.; Oeo, Tether, 108
—8th Street Eut.
Winnipeg, Man,; Luinbonrorkeri' Onion, 198 Henry Avenue.
0ochr.no, Ont.; E. Onndeli, General
Fort Francis, Out.; S. O. BoU, Box
390, Wehcter Hall.
Sndlury, Ont.; WS Oowtn, Box 1681,
Uigar Street,
Montreal; O. Blnette, SI Si Lament
Camp 1
Having seen the report published In The Federatlonist, of June
18, of camp conditions as they are
supposed to be in this camp, we
hope you will flnd available apace
for this report, Aa regards the
camp being organized, it ls at pre
aent 100 per cent, unton men, and
although there are a few membera
who instated on playing poker after
the majority had voted againBt it,
and the delegate resigned, it was
not because* he was flred by the'
boss, but because the few members
would not live up to the bylaw
passed by the members ot the
camp. There certainly was another
delegate elected, and, ae the gamblers either quit playing or left the
camp, we now have an average
camp for this British Columbia
coast, where the slaves are not exploiting each' other on the Job.
Camp conditions are fairly good,
Board, with blankets Included,
$1.60 per day, and aU single bunks.
Since the gambling has ceased, the
bath house is available for ita proper uae.
The membera of thlB camp desire
headquarters to accept only such
report on camp conditions as Is forwarded by the camp committee.
Thla report has been approved by
the members of this local. (Signed)
Bob Pollard, (ex-delegate); C,
Freeman, 1. Powers and G. E.
i ' '    :!*
Camp 17
At a meeting held In camp on
June 18, tt was moved, seconded
motion be published In The Federatlonist:—"That no paid official
of this union be allowed at the
convention as delegate or chairman." <
The Coast District convention
will be held In Vancouver on the
week commencing July 12, 1920.
The executive has fixed the basis
of representation at one (1) delegate for each fifty (60) members,
or major fraction thereof. This
will entitle a camp of 26 men to
one (1) delegate, 76 men to two
(2) delegatee, and so on. Camps
with Iosb than twenty-six (26) paid-
up members can send a delegate,
but must pay all expenses themselves. All delegates must have
credentials from the camp they represent, and this credential must
bear the signature of the men In
camp. If a delegate does not have
credentials signed by the members,
he will be disqualified,
AH delegates will have their
transportation paid to Vancouver,
and will have their expenses paid
while ln town, providing they are
on hand when the roll is called;
expenses not to exceed $3.00 per
day, the balance of the delegate's
wages can be made up by the members in camp who send the delegate.
In tho Interests of the organization It ls imperative that all camps
send a delegate. ThlB Is necessary
tn order that there shall be as full
a representation as possible; therefore, the members In each camp
should elect a delegate and Instruct
htm as to what questions they
wont brought before the convention, and what stand he la to take
on these questions,
Coast District Secretary.
Tbe Fort Frances Strike
The Fort Frances strike ln the
Shevlin Clark Co, lumber mill ls
over and ls lost, at least so far as
an 8 hour 4ay is concerned. But
lt ls not a total loss lf the men in
the strike learn the lessons of it.
It was a strike for an 8 hour day
and nothing else and -was called
by the A. F. of L. local 131, Timberworkers International Union.
It- started June 1st and ended
June 80. The 0. B. U. came out
solid. They took a vote two
months before to support the A.
F. of L. atrike then -projected, and
declined to take another vote.
The two unions agreed to co-
perate to win, but the Timber-
workers refused to have a Joint
strike committee, A few weeks
before, they threw 0. B. U. organizer Anderson out of their
meeting when he urged solidarity.
Most of them see the sense of his
ideas now.
For an example of a badly managed strike this would be hard to
beat. It started 6 weeks too late,
or more, and was part of A. F. of
L. District No. 2 general strike.
Here lt was put off for one month
which gave the company a big
A hoo-rah talk by an International organizer—one Christ! 1
by name, did the trick, 6 votea
only being cast against It. There
were far more A. F. L. men at
firat, but the O. B. U. did by far
the greater part cf the work in
Conducting lhe atrlke. Fourteen
scabs to start with, but as in 10
daya there were practically no A.
F. L. pickets, more and more scabs
were obtained—Bome local men
and some farmers—farmer scabs
in Ontario where the farmers and
laborers are supposed to have
demonstrated their common interests by capturing the provincial government!
The O. B. U. men held down the
picket line in good shape to the
end, only 2 men scabbing; but we
were alone—almost. The Feder-
ation men all got Jobs around
town and left the O. B. U. men to
carry on the strike. Which is
some system.
The failure of the strike reflects
no discredit on O. B. U. and shows.
the Federation in the poorest possible light.
lt was apparent two weeks ago
that lt was futile unless they did
their share, but they lacked in
their officers all the qualities ne-
oessary. The result is t)hat the
Federation Is pretty well shot and
the O. B. U. has suffered In a flnanclal sense only.
Three scraps ending in small
police court fines occurred. Some
men were shipped In by the
government employment office,
Winnipeg, In spite of official notice of the strike. These men
were mostly stopped but some
scabbed with the farmers, etc.
Before long A. F. L. men started
to go back and there were no A.
F. L. pickets to stop them. In 2
weeks there were 126 scabs at
work and the strikers' morale
was falling, but the O. B..U. stayed
on picketing. The atrike, so far as
the A. F. L. was concerned had
degenerated Into a mere walk-out.
Some of them crossed to the U.
S. and went to work, but still could
vote to keep the strike going—
that Is, for others to strike for
them, while they worked. Today
they voted to go back on the old
terms, in hope of saving the local,
but this only happened after they
were flred In a body by the mill In
u. s.
The Bachus mill went back after being out eight weeks, 100 per
cent, tie-up. They did not get
eight hours, but got 26c bonus If
they atay until Christmas. This
mill Is in the U. S. across the
Rafily River.
This Bachus srtlke well illustrates the need' of Industrial organization. Bachas owns a lumber
mill and a paper mill in U. S. and
a paper mill in Fort Francis. A
paper mill these days is a gold
mine. If the men there had had
the O. B. U. form of organization
they could have won easily.
A paper mill and a saw mill are
obviously branches of the same industry. Yet they have four ar
five unions, or more. The A. F. L,
constitution would not allow the
paper mill workers tb strike ln
sympathy with the lumber mill
workers—so the workera In the
lumber mill lost out.
This ls what always happens and
must continue to happen until the
workers have enough sense to get
Into an Industrial organization
which doea not divide them up Into aectiona and ao allow the boss
to beat them section by section.
The Backus strike at least could
have been won if all Backua employees were properly organized,
Many of his men have recently
Joined the I. W. W. across the line
and lf the men who have been defeated in Fort Francis learn the
lesson of this strike, then the strike
Is not a total failure. Tho only
organization capable of fighting
In Canada is the O. B. U. lumber-
the battles of thc lumber workers
workers union.
The lumberworkers have shown
a total Inability to handle the situation and tho International did
not even reply to numerous requests for flnanclal aid. Covert,
International president, was here
a few weekB ago and boasted thnt
the lumberworkers won the eight
hour day in the U. S. North WeBt
in 1817—a claim which muat have
made some ot the victims of that
struggle turn in their graves. This
local Bcrap is over now, for the
present. Let us not be discouraged but all get busy and lino up
all the workers In the O. B. U„
get them to read the labor papers,
and before long we will havo an
organization capable of doing the
Job which the old A. F. L. failed
to do now. In this strike we have
demonstrated our ability tb keep
our fellow workers In line and
the bunk which Howe used to tell
about the O. B. U. Is shown to be
all lies. There Is nothing Beeret
about tho O. B. U., everything Is
above board; the rank and flle control the organization, Its officers
and Its finances. We have none of
that secret hocus-pokus stuff, secret signs and pass words, etc.
That Is a relic of the past and ls
useless. Secrecy In a labor organization ls Impossible. Experiences In the last few weeks here
demonstrate that there Is but one
organization ln Canada for the lumberworkers In the woods and mills
.and that la the O. B. U. This In-
Cargill Company of Canada, Limited Simoon Sound
Robert Dollar Company ! -Port Moody
Whalen Pulp & Taper Company Swanson Bay
Gold's Track Camp (Nor. Con. Co.).... P. G. E. Railway
Norton's Camp, or Orford Bay Tbr. Co..... Raza Island
Crowley's Camp Grassie Bay"
Brooks Scanlon & O'Brien Stillwater
Murray's Camp LL Thompson Sound
This man rode on the rear of the car to the next load where he was caught,
last year in one district through riding loads while coupling cars.
-Eleven men were killed
On Friday, the llth June, 1920,
at Tack's camp, Call Creek, B. C,
a special meeting was called on account of bum grub being served.
I made a motion to get a new cook
or a new crew, motion carried. A
committee of three was elected to
consult our grievance with Mr.
Tack, some of the memberB declining to act on the committee.
Tack told the committee that it was
not worth while getting a new cook
aa the camp was going to close,
This changed the atmosphere of
the meeting considerably; and was
the flrst intimation of going to
close down that had been let out.
It hardly looked reasonable in face
of the fact that falling and bucking was carried on in full force and
a large shipment of provisions came
on the last boat. A motion was
made that we call it a "walk-out,"
this I objected to and stated: "That,
If we wero going to leave the camp]
to make it a 'strike'." Another
member took the floor In favor of
a strike and for more substantial
demands, This was ruled out of
order on the grounds that being a
special .meeting we could not deal'
with other than the purpose for:
which it was called, namely: the
The motion for a walk-out was
carried, which was contrary to my
motion, or at least annuled the fl-j
nal action to be taken, inasmuch,
as we have gone on record discouraging walkouts, But the walkout could not be merely on account
of the cook, since the official an-'
nouncement of the company called'
for a close-down.
In the write-up of the 18th June,
B. C. Federationist the members of
Tack's camp condemn me for staying In the camp contrary to my
own motion, etc, however, I have
no apology to make for this; other
than I regret their haste to publicity without flrst giving me a
hearing ln the camp, either before
they left or on their return.
Also, that I will be sorry, If ln
the final event, I have dropped below their dignity and honor as union men and disavowed my obligation to the crew and organization.
However, the article ln question is
misleading, firstly, that full stress
and meaning of my motion together
with details and announcements
coming before the meeting were
not fully dealt with; secondly, the
article ls headed "lock-out" instead
of "walk-out." In fact It was &
lock-out but was not dealt with as
such at the special meeting.
It was announced all over camp
that the cook was going away on
the following Tuesday's boat; which
he did. There was plenty of time
to have called another meeting, as
this eliminated any necessity of a
walk-out to get rid of the cook;
thiB being the only issue at stake,
insofar as boing taken up at the
special meeting is concerned,
The purpose of my staying back
could not have been aunounced in
open forum or on the floor of the
meeting, as this would have killed
the purpose. I did tell a few 'of
the members the reason. Certain it
ls I had a motive and a purpose
and not for selfish gain,
Especially after certain members
told me they were coming back,
perhaps on the next boat, or with*
in two weeks. Thirf sounded queer
ln face of the'fact (?) that the
camp ,was closing down! The com
tng back idea was further crystalls*
ed by several members leaving that
dirty old roll we have become accustomed to through habit to call1
a bed. You can take this tip from
me, they had been Invited to come!
back, as so far as can be observed
with the naked eye; they have all
good or bad intentions of hanging
right on to that roll. I was quite
sure that certain members, including myself, had not been asked to
come back. Whether they wanted
us to come back or not has nothing
to do with It. Up until this time 1
had said nothing about staying
back and I fully intended to go,
It was then that I asked Mr. Tack;
and suggested that It would be &
good time to work on tho donkey
and fix her up In good shape. Hq
hesitated, and finally consented and
also told me to fix up the gas boat
I will state* right here, that no sabotage was done with either the
donkey engine or the boat. All the
work was done that he wanted done
and was done In good shape,
worked seven days of the two weeks
and none of thia work waB done
until after the cook had left.
It was then that I announced to
eludes the paper mill workers also.
When we are all organized In
the O. B. U, and have ditched the
autocratic A. F. L. officials we
Bhnll snvc power—and we will
mc; >  educate   ourselves    so
thnt uv • -ill know how to use that
ppxyer effectively.
several of the members that I was
not going down with them.
I learned to my satisfaction (I
am not going to state here Just
how) flrst, that the bum grub was
a ruse to cause a walk-out for the
purpose of warding off a strike;
second, that the going to closo
down stunt was a bluff also, for the
purpose of warding off a strike in
the discussion at the meeting;
third, that most of the crew would
be back, while certain Individuals
would be "weeded out" and other
men got to take their places. That
they, the weeded out, could not get
a job in that camp again.
This was sufficient, the purpose
to get rid of certain Individuals beoause of their union activities, or,
In plain English, discrimination.
While if openly discharged in
camp would cause a strike, or if
they kept them In camp would
cause a strike for more substantial
demands than merely getting rid
otf'a sloppy cook, who would not
join the union and was pregnant
..with venom towards the O, B. U.
anil all its works.
fj$ understand that the meeting
held in Vancouver was not a representative meeting of Tack's camp.
Tlie weeding out process was in full
*wing and they suddenly discovered
that an incentive wild and wooly
h$d slipped up behind and hamstrung them with a broad-axe. And
C. E. Hastings was to be held up to
| fr&icule and dishonor to all organised labor. It ts possible for prejudice to enter until we are blind;
except to the one-sided view. I was
likened to the position of the crew
walloping me on one Side with a
club and the boss walloping me on
the opposite side. However, the
Tack tactics remind us of the small
boy who placed a tack on the professor's chair, the professor made
a wide scramble; bruBhed away the
tack and discovered after all that
no damage was done except that
his feelings were hurt. But the tack
tactics are here trade-marked; and
we will know them when we see
them after this.
Can you point out a parallel case
of this kind in the history of this
union, where discrimination has
been practiced in such a flne split-
haired fashion. Where the men
themselves play the leading role,
whether conscious of the fact or
otherwise? It is possible that the
boss would be willing to pay the
expenses of the trip to his favorite
card packers ln this highly specialized weeding out process.
Beware of walk-outs, for you
leave a loop-hole for the boBS. We
have discouraged walk-outa for the
past two conventions then turn
right around and create one.
Did you ever hear tell of a walkout before where the men came'
back on schedule time, the boss
welcoming them with wide open
arms, everything Is joy and music
after their bon voyage on the great
steam boat Casslar; for ten bones
each way and flop on the floor?
I think you will look hard to flnd
a parallel with the modern tack
tactics and will credit mo at least,
for discovering a most strange and
wonderful phenomena.
Eyes to see and ears to hear ls
a very Important asset to any organization, in other words, indlvd-
ual initiative—we eannot have the
best there Ib tn organization If we
are smply to abide by well-lobbied
resolutions, finally simmered down
to a woll definedconstltutlon. Thore
are many things from time to time
that are of vital interest to the organization that cannot be brought
up in open forum or on the floor
of a meeting; but the opportunity
must be grasped by the individual
and investigated on his own
sources. We must learn to a great
extent to trust the Individual in his
sincerity and good Intent, depend
ing of course, on his experience and
standing as a union man.
' To simply condemn a man on
the drop of the hat as it were, has
been learned years ago not to be
of good policy, although lt might
show good spirit to the union and
solidarity; yet you might be Inflicting an injury where no Injury
ls duo and hamper him with a
t>lack-llst beyond possible recovery
In his line of work. The time will
come in due courso when a
thorough understanding can and
will be had.
If the organization Is not flexible
enough to allow of some freedom
of individual initiative, we encourage the rank and flle to become
good or bad card packers; and to
much of the kind that are already
willing to "let Georgo do It." And,
by tho way, this fellow George is
too apt, In many casos, to be the
boBS himself.
I do not mean by this, to do anything but what in your beBt judgment and good discernment would
be approved by the membership;
and to be able, within good reason
at least, to keep your actions clear
and above board to tha organisation,
I know that some Individuals win
tell you Oiat this sort of polloy can
not be tolerated, that it ls too fre
quently abused and goes beyond the
scope and control of the organization, etc. And no doubt some instances can be cited where this has
been the case; but they are very,
vciy rare; and.I doubt if you can
point a single case where Individual Initiative has gone beyond the
control of the organization, unless
it be the capitalistic organization
In closing will staffe that If I have
made a mistake in this I am willing to take whatever penalty this
district organization of the L. W. I,
U. of the O. B, U. may see flt to
Further than this I have
apology to make, and would under
like or similar conditions do the
same thing over again,
Card No. H. 22.
Vancouver, B. C,
June 30, 1920.
Firs, Limited, "or Rees & Black.
Beale & Stamford
Masset Tbr. Co.'s Sawmill.
Hanson's Camp	
Kenny Bros.	
Royal Lumber Co.	
Kleanza Co.
Ocean Falls
Buckley Bay
Metalliferous Mines...
„Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
_Usk,U. T. P. Rly.
_Usk, G. T. P. Rly.
Silverton and Sandon
(Slocan District)
Lindsay Bros.	
Masset Timber Co. is firing the mem on day wages
and letting work by contract UNION MEN TAKE
Dempsey-Ewart's, Camp 1 Drury Inlet
A Logger and a Man
Under above heading In last week's
Federationist,, your correspondent
"Twin" appears perturbed over the
non-solution to a query on the why
and wherefore of the loggers evil
reputation. And so with your permission, aB an outsider knowing
the cause, I will endeavor to Illustrate the case for Twin's elucidation.
In days before undiluted ethics
of the Doctralnaire Marx had perforated the woolly hides in these
backwoods, the logger was a veritable hero, anti would sustain even
unto self-crucifixion In the amassing of .profits to please his boss.
That was one of his chief ambitions in life. His other ambition
was to be regarded as a sport. In
his Idea of emulating the characteristics of a sport, he would descend on civilization like a wolf on
the fold in his sawed-off pants,
with a wad of gold all in a day,
and the next to bleat all over the
place for a place to eat. This cash
exhibited by the promiscuous logger, was the generally accepted Imprint of a logger's personality, and
which no doubt outlives in Impost-
ed circles, the abandoned cast, one
which most of us workers, although
not exactly loggers, have been
guilty of emulating.
With the advent of the L. W. I,
U., the logger became estranged
with his former peculiarities, and
now when on vacation, he Is a substantial member of the community,
and not as formerly, merely an adjunct. But this does not endear
him to society's make-up of caste
fakirs, religious fakirs and politi
cal fakers, who seemingly find it
profitable in crumbs from the rich
man's table to despise him still, al
though they- know within them
selves they have not his spine, they
have not his physical excellence;
nor have they the intellectual rouge
to outclass Mr. Logger and his
principle of the One Big Union.
In all things, the logger of today ls governed by the doctrine of
Marx, and he is constitutionally
correct In deciding so and quite in
tune with progressive civilization.
As to no other doctrine than that
of Marx can be attributed authority for the writing into the Canadian constitution as a basis, the
equal distribution of power to all
over the church, and over the
state, and incidentally over excessive powers of incorporations. And
so in the Canadian constitution, begat by a woman, exists sufficient
legality for the presence of the logger and his O. B. U., which iB distinctly Canadian, and Its opposition may be Canadian also, hut
with an alien spine, and an alien
whine. It is quite noticeable the
scion of the A. F. of L., the Hon.
Gompers, took precious good care
to slink through Vancouver without rearing up in his battle cry.
To further develop the idea of
the workers taking steps to run
their own medical fund. This can
easily be done without Unking It
up wltb the organization, except
that the offlce staff and delegates
could be available for the*collection
and payment of duea Any member of the working class to be eligible for membership. Membership
to be optional. Entrance fee $5,
dues $1.50 a month. Benefits: Free
medical and other treatment, Including when neccessary hospital
accommodation and board.
The hospital treatment limited to
a maximum of three months, and
medical attention limited to a
maximum of six months, except at
the option of the management.
Surgical operation or treatment
by specialists limited to a cost of
Members suffering from venereal
disease, Insanity, sickness or accident arising from drunkenness or
the use of alcohol or drugs; wilful
acts or conditions existing previous
to their membership, not to be entitled to treatment, but may receive
same In accordance with the option
of the management.
Members refusing to obey the
orders of the medical attendant, to
be discharged, and their member
ship cancelled.
The ultimate objective being to
have hospitals and other Institutions controlled by the members in
which any form of treatment which
may bo beneficial can be provided,
the entrance fee to be available for
the purchase of the necesasry
In many camps, the workers are
paying up to $1.50 a month, for
which they are supposed to receive
medical treatment when sick. The
treatment, when given, Ib generally unsatisfactory, and the arrangements are in no way under the
control or supervision of the men.
In addition to which the only treatment furnished is surgery or drugs,
although there are many other
forms of treatment, which have
been proven to be beneficial in
many cases, but which Is not used
by ordinary medical men.
In addition, a worker may pay
to the boss $1.50 a month for 12
montha or more, and then quit or
be flred, a day or a week later be
taken sick and then not be entitled to treatment, because he has
ceased to work for that particular
Under this scheme he would be
.protected wherever he was, so long
as he was ln good standing.
The foregoing are simply suggested rules upon which the
scheme could be worked.
"What is Freedom?   Te ean toll
That which slavery Is too well,
For It's very name has grown
To an echo of your own."
When Shelly wrote these line!
there were manty laws In exis-
eetetence restricting the rights of
the workers to combine, or act together for their mutual advantage.
Owing to the pressure of organized workers these laws have, in
many ways and places, been modified, and there is supposed to bo
considerable freedom of action allowed to the workers In getting
together to safeguard their Interests. For them to exercise thla
supposed right would not .however suit the purpose of such employers of labor as the Robert
Dollar Company, whose active antagonism to any form of workers*
organization ls known throughout
the length and breadth of the continent Consequently It Is not
surprising to find them giving or*
ders that the men ln their camps
are not to be permitted to hold
meetings moro often than once a
month. It happens, however, that
whilst the management of the Dollar's Industrial activities are a hundred years behind tho times, tha
workers are up-to-date, and hold
the opinion that lf there Is to be
any dictatorship ln these matters
lt shall be the "dictatorship of the
proletariat," therefore the men at
Union Bay camp passed the following resolution, to be sent to the
"Whereas: It has been brought
to our attention that the Robert
Dollar Lumber Company has issued orders that the members of
of Union Bay Local Lumber &
Camp Workers' Industrial Union
must not hold their camp meetings
oftener than once each month.
Resolved that we tolerate no Interference ln this matte;- from any
persons outside our organization
and that if any attempt Ib made
by the company to enforce this
order we will take immediate action to protect our interests as
members of this organization and
of the working clasa, and be It
further resolved that a copy of
the above resolution be presented
to the foreman, 8. C. Seeley, and
also one be forwarded to the
Robert Dollar Lumber Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
Signed on behalf of the members
by the Delegate and camp committee. >
The men do not hold the foreman as being responsible for tho
order prohibiting meetinga        i
Summltt Lako Liens
The money for the payment of
men having Hens in this case has
to be paid Into court on or before
July 15th, after which date it will
be available for distribution to
those entitled to lt.
Will Sam George communicate
with Jack Wlntrlp, Dunarcsq Camp
Welbore Channel.
Othello Lumber Co. to tho Maintenance Fond
W. D. McKay, $1; Henry Adams,
$1; Jack Wadley, $1; Jack Johnson, $1; Percy de Long, $1; Cecil
Greer, $1; Albert Page, $1; Carl
Anderson, $1; W. Miller, fl; Paddy
Hagan, $ 1; George N. Hayward,
fl; Walter Taylor, fl; W. P. Chan
dler, fl; Jack Fennlngs, $1 '""
Faude, fl.
*   ROY
Potnfcon snd Wtdcgreen Camp
This camp believes In 100 per
cent Canadianlsm—that is 100 per
cent organized in the O. B. U.-
Same thing; or if it isn't then there
ia something wrong with Canadianlsm. Send supply of literature dealing with working class
position and news, as tho boya
havo the time and inclination to
Will Wm. Ridley and C. Charles
forward their addresses. They
omitted to give them when writing
the district office.
Wanted to locate John Angus
McDonald, who lost hla grip en
route from Britannia to Amyox.
C. Charles, who wrote the Coast
district office enclosing dues, omit
ted to give his address. Please
forward same so receipt can be
Information regarding tho whereabouts of Tom Kalloway Is required
by Fellow Worker John H. McDonald. Please address communications c|o Box 18, Cranbrook, B. C.
Any ono knowing the present address of James A. Ogilvy, who Is
from Forfar county, Scotland, and
has been working in logging
camps, please communicate with
Vancouver headquarters, as there
is Important information awaiting
Hedloy Metal Minors' Union, O.B.U.
Maintenance fund  $32.50
Defense fund  $32.50
In the ordinary course, common
carriers are required to carry without additional charge, the ordinary or personal baggage of their
passengers, up to a certain weight*
If one of the Steam Ship companies accepts a passenger he la
entitled to take with him on his
own ticket a reasonable quantity
of personal luggage. If this personal luggage 1b lost, the company
la liable for the value of the lost
If, however, tho company provides a place for luggage to be
checked by the passenger, but the
passenger takes the control of his
luggage In his own hands, the liability of the company Is modified
nnd it not responalblo for loss due
to the Interference by the passenger without negligence on the part
of the company.
We trust the foreglng satisfies
your requirements. It would be
moro satisfactory if you would
give us a concrete example, as the
circumstances of each particular
case will materially alter the liability of the company. Generally
speaking, however, the company
ls liable for loss of passengers*
baggage whero the passengers'
baggage haa been taken into the
company's charge. If the passenger retains control of the baggage,
the company Is only liable on the
passenger proving negligence.
Total    $65.00
Wanted addresses of Gus Olson
and Lars Larson In connection with
the Aitken case.
New York—The Kate Richards
O'Hare committee, which was active In the campaign which won
her release, has been changed to
the Molly Stelmer committeo. It
will work now for. tho release of
Mollle Stelmer, the young girl who
Is serving a 15-year penitentiary
term for protesting against Russian Intervention,
It ls reported   that  during the
Buckley Bay strike, Peter Schmitt,
No.   8779,   drew   strike   pay,   al-
Fellow worker KOSKI died last I though he was not In need of it,
week ln the Royal Inland Hospital, I having at the time a considerable
Kamloops, '«•**«««# •# mnnav In hla r.nnoos«tr.n
amount ot money In his possession
First Aid Instruction
The Workman's Compensation
Board have discontinued the lectures In First Aid work until tho
autumn, but will arrange a special
course at once if twenty men will
take it up—What about it? This
is Important to you aud all thoso
who may be Injured on the job!—
Members and men with union
principles, take notice that Tom
McBrido (Mc 503) refused to pay
dues and had to leave camp owing
to action of the men on the job.
Del.   450.
Defense Fund—the amount credited to Boom Camp, Kingcome
River in issuo of June 18th, should
havo bcen $47, instead of $45.
John Ne; sol's Poll tax receipt
Is at Headquarters. The • other
business has been fixed up.       ,   . TWELFTH YEAR.    NO. 28
j published every Friday morning by Tbe B. 0.
Federationist, Limited
a   WELLS...
:  r 	
' Office:   Labor  Temple,   405  Dunsmuir  Streot,
Telephone Seymour S871
fiubscribtion Ratea:   United States and Foreign,
,   13.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per year, ll.f>0
for six months; to Unions subscribing in a
'   body, 16c per member per month.
Unity of Labor:  Ih. Hop. of tba World
FRIDAY. July 0,  1920
THE big feature of the Manitoba elections was the election of three of
(the men now in gaol for seditious conspiracy.   The next outstanding incident
was that a Socialist   Party   of   Canada
! nominee was elected, and
; IHEY.. Bob Busscll, who is also
• SHOULD BE in gaol, another S. P. of
RELEASED C. candidate was only defeated by a small vote.
By th; election of three of the men who
were found guilty of seditious conspiracy, by a carefully selected jury, the
people of Winnipeg, or those of the electors who voted for these men, have either
shown that they too are as guilty of sedition as the convicted men, or that they
do not consider that the men that were
sent to gaol were guilty of the "crime"
for whieh they were convicted.
* * • .
We are of the opinion that the latter
position was the one taken by the electors
of Armstrong, Ivens and Queen. If this
is so, then the Dominion government, if
it believes in the democracy which the
members of that outfit so much prate
•bout, the only thing for them to do
is to see that these recipients of public
confidence, along with their comrades
are at once released. No excuses about
Privy Council appeals should be accepted
by the eleetors.
* * *
We do not expect that this course will
be adopted by the government without
pressure. For while the workers in Winnipeg have not yet fully grasped the fact
that a class struggle exists, the men who
control the government of this country
have. Had the working elass electors in
Winnipeg realized that the elass war had
reached that stage that it is now a fight
to the finish, then they would have given
their votes to all of the working class
candidates that had shown that they
realised that a class straggle was in existence. One short year, however haB
wrought wonderful changes in the outlook
ci the workers throughout this country,
and in the coming provincial and dominion
elections we shall see more demonstrations
of the working class at the ballot box.
If, however, as The Daily Herald points
out, the powers of the legislative bodies
are usurped by the power behind the
speaker's chair, then the workers will be
compelled to take other action. In the
meantime every citadel of ruling elass
power must be assailed. No matter
whether it be city councils, school boards,
provincial or the dominion parliaments,
the workers must take steps to send their
representatives there. If this is not found
effective, then will be the time to take
Other action. In the meantime every
worker should strive to understand his
position in society, and we shall not see
split votes as we have in Winnipeg. Knowledge is power, and power means freedom, not only for the men now in gaol.
but for the working class whieh is at present enslaved by the capitalistic system.
Before any change can be brought about,
it must be made first in the minds of men,
the will to accomplish it will then be there
but not until. A revolution has already
taken place in the brain of the socialist,
and only ignorance prevents it being
brought to its fruition, and the ignorance
is not that of the socialist, but is most
effectively demonstrated by those that
could vote in sueh an election that has
taken place in Manitoba, and voted for
any of the convicted men elected, and
left Russell, Pritchard and Johns off their
ballot paper, and voted Conservative or
Liberal.  Their stupidity is colossal.
IT has been said that misfortune makes
strange bedfellows. Judging from an
editorial on Soviet Bussia, which appeared
in the Vancouver Sun on Monday morn
ing,  and  which  showed  more  venom
than   knowledge,    this
THE SUN statement has been once
AND THE more  demonstrated  as
BOLSHEVIKI    holding a modicum of
truth, for the writer of
thc editorial in question had to call in
Emma Goldman to aid him in his .tirade
about something which he does not understand, or, if he does, his particular position will not allow him to show proof of
that understanding. Now Emma Goldman is an anarchist, and it was hardly to
be expected that she, with her ideas,
would take kindly to a communal life in
Russia, for anarchistic ideas, whether expressed by an avowed anarchist, or by a
newspaper editor who does not either
understand anarchy or Socialism, are
purely individualistic, and at strong variance with an administration of things in
the interests of all the people, and. favor
the law of the jungle, We never ex-
pcted that anarchistic-minded minded
people would support the idea of a cooperative commonwealth, and ia this we
have not been disappointed, as capitalistic-minded persons, whose ideas are naturally of an anarchistic or individualistic
turn, have opposed Soviet Russia from
the early days of the revolution, and in
this group, capitalistic newspaper editors
can be placed. In addition to that, the
capitalistic nations of thc world have been
lurgly responsible for the sufferings of
the people in Soviet Russia, which they'
shed so many crocodile tears-over.
» » *
The Sun, in the editorial in question
demonstrates that thc main objection to
Soviet Russia is that industry, etc., have
been confiscated by the government in
Russia. It also compares the hours of
labor in Russia to those in Canada,
which, to say the least, is nonsensical,
Canada not being deprived of those
things which are necessary for produetion to be carried on, as is the case in
Russia. The report of Ben Turner, which
appears in another column of this issue,
gives a very different idea as to the condition in Russia to that which the Sun
would have us believe exists. But we can
only wonder that Soviet Russia should bte
condemned for enforcing compulsory
labor, by the capitalistic press. We have
very distinct recollection of an idlers' act
in this country during the war, which
was to the same effect as the regulations
now in force in Soviet Russia. Going a
little further afield, we find that during
the period of the war, compulsory labor
was strictly in force in the old land, and
laying off work for half a day in that
country meant a visit to the police court
and the imposition of a fine. The outcry
against compulsory labor by capitalistic
newspaper owners and anarchists, would
appear to us to be an expression of fear
of being compelled to work at some time
if the idea should spread, and, naturally,
that would, to them, be a calamity.
• »        »
After a tirade of misrepresentation as
to conditions in Russia, which cannot be
backed up by proof—in fact the words of
Ben Turner disprove the assertions
made—the Sun goes on to ask the following question:
"With the results of Sovietism before us why are Bolshevists permitted to carry on their propaganda
in this country? The man who
preaches Sovietism in this country
should be promptly deported or sent
to jail."
Now we don't know just what the Sun
means by Bolshevists. Our interpretation of it is that it means
those that believe in majority rule. That
is what it means in Russia. That is what
it means to those in this country who are
acquainted with the history of Soviet
Russia. We have no idea as to the extent of the knowledge of the Sun on the
meaning of Bolsheviki, or as to what that
organ of effulgent information has about
anarchy, but would say that we are opposed to anarchy in any form, and if
anarchistic-minded people, whether they
be newspaper men or people of the
Emma Goldman type, are opposed to
Soviet Rusaia because it is Bolsheviki,
then we can only say that we are in
favor of the majority rule in this or any
other country. The advocacy of deportation or jailing of people who do not agree
with the ideas of the Sun, is, to say the
least, anarchistic, and at the same time
is one of the methods of suppressing
opinion that was so much in evidence in
Bussia under the czarist regime. It may
be true that counter-revolutionaries are
jailed in Russia, but if those people will
receive financial aid from the capitalistic
nations, and work against the majority,
then they should be put where they cannot act as traitors to the people of that
country. It is true thaat the working
class propagandists in this country have
endeavored to give the truth about Soviet
Russia; they have also endeavored to
demonstrate that the present system is
bankrupt, and can no longer act as a
medium of advancement. In this they
are not acting contrary to the welfare of
the people. If they are wrong, no doubt
public opinion will be against them, and
their ideas will not prevail, but if they
are right in their contentions, then the
waitings of the Sun, or any other capitalistic sheet, will avail nothing, and all
the deportations and jailings in the world
will not kill the ideas that are based on
truth, and knowledge of the science of
human society. Truth cannot be jailed.
Knowledge cannot be deported. The
methods of the czars, whieh the Sun evidently favors, are the methods that bring
about violent revolutions. The advocators
of such ideas at this date and age are
more dangerous to society than all the
working-class propagandists that are today urging the working class to gain
knowledge. If there are any people that
are likely to bring about anarchy, the advocators of the suppression of truth and
knowledge are the ones to do it.
# # *
If the Sun adopts this attitude, it is
none of our business, but it will be the
business of the workers to prove that such
methods do not produce tbe results required. Possibly the Sun may get a little
understanding of the effects of repressive
measures and jailing tactics from the results of the Winnipeg elections, when the
people of that city elected three of his
Majesty's guests to the legislature.
George Bernard Shaw has'stated, "that
the establishment of the co-operative commonwealth is now inevitable, because the
enemies of Socialism are working night
and day, with might and main, to bring it
about." Had it not been for the repressive
measures in Winnipeg last year, Armstrong, Queen and Ivens could not have
beon elected, and Russell would not have,
oome within 63 votes of being a member
of the provincial legislature. The Sun
should take a tumble to itself.
who, at the behests of the large intei
was responsible for the enactment _—
amendments to the Immigration Aet,
which provided for the deportation /at]
British subjects not born in Canada,
out trial by jury. That this legislate „
was framed to break the Winnipeg strike,
there could be no doubt in the mind of
any observant person. That it was not
used was not the fault of the new Premier, but due to the protests of labor both
here and in the old land.
* * *       ___.
The changes in the cabinet, however,
may be the beginning of the end of the
most infamous government that has ever
been the lot of this country to suffer
under. Under the Union Government,
espionage such as prevailed in Russia under the czars has been introduced.
Agent's provocateurs have been used in
the effort to break labor organizations,
and the sanctity of the home has been
invaded in order that workers might be
sent to gaol for having voiced the needs
of labor. The changes in the cabinet will,
however, give an opportunity for the
people to have their say on the activities
of the government in this respect, and
the appointment of H. H. Stevens to a
cabinet position will be the signal for
the working class in Vancouver to take
up the gage and carry the fight of Russell,
Pritchard and the rest of the men now in
gaol a step further. Winnipeg has already spoken, and the workers of Vancouver will no doubt be disappointed if
Harry Stevens' virtues are not recognized
by the man, who with a narrow-gage
outlook upon life, and who has manifested
his class outlook, and as a reward for
his services to his class is to become the
Premier of the country. It looks good to
us—let it be so»n—and we trust that
Harry Stevens receives his due reward.
And labor will have something to say
about it all.
The Russell appeal is progressing. It
will be heard on July 21. No doubt Win
nipeg's answer to the government will be
heard in London if it is not at Ottawa.
Bob Russell was defeated in Winnipeg
by 63 votes, and yet Dixon was elected
with about seven thousand to spare.
Something wrong in Winnipeg. Possibly
another dose of Robertson's medicine will,
fix it.
Russia is the only country in the,
world that has dealt effectively with profiteers. There is a reason, and it is that
the workers of that country have hid
enough of the profit system. That is ftilj
there is in it.
The Germans have advanced the on}y!|
argument they can advance/ against paying the indemnity, and that is that it'is
economically impossible. This argument'is'
scoffed at by the press, but not one of the
Allied nations can pay their indebtedness,
and no one can make them, and it is just
as impossible for the Germans to pay the
Lloyd George wants tlie Germans disarmed. Phrenbach states it cannot be
done as the soldiers took their rifles home.
Lloyd George also states that he will not
stand for Bolshevism in Germany. He
evidently did not want to stand for it in
Russia, but he has had to take his medicine, and from all appearances he would,
appear to be forcing it on Germany.
It has been reported that Marshals
Foch and Wilson are contemplating military aid for Poland. It is very evident
that to these two individuals war is a
business, but we wonder who they would
get to do the fighting. Not Germans,
surely. For it would never be French or
British troops that could be persuaded to
go on such a mission.
While the members of Parliament have
had their salaries raised to $4000 per
year, nothing has so far been produced to
show that they are worth it. The usual
policy of the anti-labor union employer
when asked to give the union rate of
wages, is to say, "I believe in paying a
man what he is worth." If this was the
rule adopted by the government, some of
the members of Parliament would be
getting about 10 cents per year, and that
would be to induce them to stay at home.
While the government, used ooercive
methods against the workers of Winnipeg,
in id the Minister of Labor has frowned
nil the efforts of the Longshoremen at
Prince Rupert, when attempts were made
to better their conditions, there was little
reluctance on the part of our legislatcfts
to raise their own salaries. One thing)
that the people should notice is that P*r«
liament controls the power to pay legist
lators and cabinet members just wMftl
may appear suitable. The moral is tl^af
tho sooner the workers own the job, the,
sooner they will get what they want. Bat
what is the use. That would be Socialist
and Socialism destroys the home.
IF THE ATTACK of H. H. Stevens,
M. P., on the leader of the opposition,
and the paean of praise that he offered up
on the merits of the Hon. "ArtfuVArthur
Meighen, do not get him a position in the
cabinet, then virtue will not
get its due reward. Unlike
the member for Vancouver
Centre, we cannot see anything to enthuse over in the
fact that Meighen is to be the Premier of
this country. His record, so far as labor
is concerned, would, to say the least, unfit him for that position.' From a ruling-
class viewpoint, however, he is a most admirable individual for the position. He
it was, in conjunction with his man Friday, the Honorable the Minister of Labor.
Failing to secure thl Czecho-Slovaks
for construction work on the C. P. $£
attempts are to be made to import a number of Italians, according to press statements. The Canadian Pacific Railway is,
like all other capitalistic concerns, out
for profits. Not being "paytriotio," except to itself, it cares not from Whence it
secures its slaves, as long as they are
cheap. But they must be cheap. Labor
in Canada is not cheap enough, it is not
a matter of there not being sufficient
workers in the country, but entirely a
matter of cheapness. As the cheaper labor
is, the larger the profits are, the C. P. R.
is only following out the programme for
which it was organized, and that is to secure as large profits as possible. Yet we
have workers in this country who are as
proud of "our" great railways as are the
beneficiaries of the present system.
Cheap as they arc, they are not cheap
enough for the C. P. R.
German - Austrian Workers Protest Against
War on Russia
(By ERNEST LOBBY, Staff Correspondent—The Federated
Vienna, June 3.—(By Mail)—
Besides Russia, German Austria
is the only country that still has
Workfnen's Councils. The revo,
lutlonary waves of November,
1918, launched them in practically
all European countries, but they
have vanished since or have faded
into insignificance, The Austrian
Workmen's Councils too are not
as Important <*s they used to be.
They no longer take a part in the
struggle against usury, profiteering
nnd in the practical solving of tha
Housing Problem, .principally because they do not want to work
together with tha so-called "Bur
gerrate," (Middle-class Councils),
that ara flrst-rato reactionary
corporations. Their policial im.
portance, howover, la atill very
great, as this ia the only corporation where the proletarians of
both parties, Socialists and Com.
munlsts, ara sitting together, In
which tha unity of the clasa is
kept up and in whloh it I* facing
those dark forces that are, aa in
Germany,  feverishly  moboltztng.
The resolution passed by the
Councils of German-Austria, (delegates of. ths Dlstriot Workmen's
Councils, Into which gathered the
Workmen's Councils of single
towns according to provinoes),
who held their meeting in Vienna
with Friedrich Adler as a chairman, from the 1st to Srd of June,
throws full light on tha present
state of tha labor question in
Austria. More than thalr, lt illuminates the whole plight of this
country. Austria is an Island for
the idea of Liberation, bordered
on one aide by Hungary, where
White Terror Is raging, and on the
other by Germany, where in the
struggle between the Old and the
New victory sometimes seeems to
lean towards the Old—a country'
utterly thrown at tha mercy of
the Allies.
Position on Russia
The chief points of tha resolution are:
"To the Russian .proletariat,
against whom international' reaction has again mobilized and armed its vassels, the National Workmen's CouncU demands 'that shipments of war implements to Poland and Hungary be stopped.
pThe N. W. C. asserta that the shipment of arms by nations to a
power engaged In war meana a
j'breach of neutrality, a violation
'of international law.
"The N. W. C. demands that
normal diplomatic and economic
relations with Russia "should be
takon up aa soon as possible, so
that the return of our war prisoners from Soviet Russia may be
hastened by direct negotiations
with the Soviet Government. It
appeals to all proletarian co-operative societies to continue wtth
the utmost energy their endeavors
In behalf of the opening of commercial relations with Russia.
"The N. W. C. protests against
the fury of Hungarian counter
revolution, which not only enslaves and murders the Hungarian
workers but Ib menacing the
peace and freedom of tho working population of Austria as well.
Aa soon as the International Central Office of Trade Unions will
have- decided upon the boycott of
Horthy's Hungary, this twycott
must be carried out most strictly.
(In the meantime thla haa taken
place; the general boycott was to
begin on the SOth of June).
"The N.- W. C. demands thnt
German Western Hungary be delivered from Horthy's bands. (This
purely German district has been
ceded to German Austria by the
Hungarians, who signed the Poace
Treaty on the 4th of June ln the
Grand Trianon, yet refuse to give
it up.
"The N. W. C. demands that the
request for the Mtradition ot refugee revolutionaries from Hungary
and Bavaria should be unconditionally refused and that at the
same time the revolutionaries still
interned shouRTbe set free.        '
Protests Against Mobilisation
"The N. W. C. protests agalnat
the mobilizing of counter revolution within German Austria. It
asserta that the reactionary clique,
with the active or passive support
of Christian Sooial or German Nationalist Provincial govornment
members, obviously keeping ln
touch with the Hungarian and
Bnvarian counter revolution, is organizing with perfect contempt for
the terms of the peace treaty home
guards, and is arming the peasants
and the bourgeosle with all sorts
of weapons against the workors,
The N. W. C. further et*te3 that
the representatives of the capital
latlc wtvlern powers, wha aro protesting against ovory kind of work,
men's guards as hi!ng a breach nf
the ricace treaty, have raised no
protest against the arming of the
b'iuri eosie and peasantry.
'Tn v'ew of these facts, tho N. W.
C. declares: That deoree of tbo
peaco treaty, Ti'hloh forbi-is the
arming of the people In Gorman
Austria, can only ba carried
through generally • or not at all.
Ths German Austria working claas
may leave the defence of tha Republic to the armed forces, ln whose
Republican spirit the workers have
perfect confidence, If Hungary too
Is obliged to demobilize and it the
bourgeosle and the peasantry ln
German Austria are disarmed. But
if Hungarian counter revolution is
.July 0, 1»J0
mobilizing against German Austria herself, reaction is arming Itself, then the working class of German Austria, too, is compelled to
organize home guards out of trustworthy republicans.
"In order to safeguard the Republic against the menaces of counter revolution, the N. W. C. demands that tha administration
should be made truly democratic;
else no constitutional reform may
be admitted; further we demand
that the bureaucrats be dismissed
who obviously and deliberately are
obstructing Republican administration; we demand the communallz-
ing of the police and the appointment of class-conscious workers to
all vacated posts of the police and
"The law about the levy on capital must by no means fall short of
the already existing bills of tbe
Social Democratic parliamentary
group. The N. W. C. demands that
the workers' trustees in the government shall resign if the Natk>-.il
Assembly does not make the levy
on capital claimed by these minimal terms a law before the summer holidays are beginning."
The workers of Austria are intensely agitated. They feel that
they are to be cheated out of everything they have won with such difficulty. The parliamentary party ls
next to the Social Democrats tn
size, the socalled Christian Socialists (originally anti-Semitic representatives of tha peasants and the
small man In town, today tha antl-
Semitio representatives of capitalism, and of Jewish capitalism, too)
are allies of tha present rulera of
Hungary, of tha Feudalists government of Admiral Horthy, and
want, with the help ot his troops,
to re-establish the monarchy ln
Austria, and to see the ex-Emperor Charles, now a resident of Pran-
glns ln Switzerland, again on tha
Austrian throne. The workers are
well aware of this, and are ringing
the alarm bell, ln order to save the
Democratic Republic.
This is the meaning of the N. W.
C.'s resolution. Whether it will he
followed by prompt action; tha arming of tha workers now that the
peasants are armed, or whether tha
Republio has tha "Volljswehr"
(35,000 men), a amall army which
lt may pretty well depend upon,
and which is formed for the moat
part out of good Republicans. But
Horthy'? army Is uoout three times
as large (tha Allies, especially England, are tolerating and encouraging these war like preparations),
and Horthy hasn't anything to lose.
The chancellor (prima minister)
of German Austria, Dr. Ronner,
has Just a few days ago sent a
note to the Hungarian government
with serloua representations about
the fact that In Zalaegerazeg
(Southern Hungary) guards composed of a thousand formerly 'Imperial and still monarchist ollicers
have been formed under the command of the Hungarian army, and
are ready at a moment's notice for
a raid into Austria. The Hungarian government has not yet answered this note. The demands ot
the workers of German Austria are,
under such conditions, quite comprehensible.
American   Loses  Idle   Trying   to
Show  the  Inhumanity   at
Democratic Government
(The Federated Press)
Ban Francisco, June to.—Herman F. Tucker gave up hla lite
here today in an effort to break
through the Wilson blockade of
Soviet Russia, and carry relief to
the women and children of that
land. Tucker had gone up ln an
airplane piloted by Dan Lane to
scatter over the Democratic Convention leaflets calling upon tha
responsible political party to lift
the illegal blockade ot Russia. The
machine had scarcely left tha
ground when engine trouble developed and the plane crashed to
earth. An explosion occurred,
followed by tire which destroyed
the lives of Tucker and the tatter's
ten year old aon, Paul, who made
a third passenger in the craft
Just before Tucker met hla
death Mrs. Tucker had flown over
the convention hall with Pilot
Lane and scattered the appeals for
Soviet Rusaia. Mr. and Mrs.
Tucker arranged the demonstration of anti-Russian blockade
pickets which haa been a dally
feature of the Democratlo Convention.
Where la your union MtttonT
Anyone knowing the whereabouts
of Arthur A. Mclvor, who has
been employed tn the lumber
camps ln li. C will confer a favor
on his brother by sending the Information to R. I. Mclvor, 12
Charles Street, Amherst, N. S.
ind MLLE. SUm
witb Stlntert—In » Miniature BadUl
Other Big Features
Pbone Styaoor MN
Meat Woek—Return ot
Edythe Elliott
Favorite of Empress Patron*
ln her greatest success
Five large roomed cottage, on Manitoba Street, north of Flftfe
Avenue; bath and toilet; ln good shape,
Prioe $2000, Half Cash.
Five-roomed cottage on Lorn* Street, all newly painted aat
papered; in first-class condition,   A real bargain at $2350.
$800 dash, Balance as Rent.
If you want something larger, we have an 11-roomed house on
Ontario Street; $1100, very easy terms.
$800 Cosh WIU Handle.
The General Administration Society
Palm Beach Suits. White
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Golf Coats.
Men's and WomenVBath-
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Boy's Department very
Clubb & Stewart, Limited
Excellent quality, perfect fitting, correct articulation,
pleasing appearance, skilled
attention, features of dentil-
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Dr. Gordon Campbell
Dotal Nana la Atteaaaai
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Granville Street
earner netm stress
Ove» Owl Drag flan
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Our Setting System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
Fit •Reform
MS Hasting*.Street
Burberry Coats
at both stores
J. W. Foster
Opposite ths Orpheum
Matinee ...
For Sale
And Other Offlee Fittings
Vanconver, B. O.
Facilitating Service
i.?f V**— **° "'•* w»"Pta«es
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telephone yea gin tk. n.m. of tk.
ana. It yea an answering la a de-
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BeeUe. f.ellltellnc senlee, it Is a
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5S1 Homer It  Vancouver, _. Q.
111! ______
Btnity eertleee. II aa. aal l,M tM.
0..eV achool laaellelelr f.U.wtaa
morning swTlee, Wednesday to.tla.alal
meeting, t pja. Ttu. reading nam.
WHO!  lirta  »!<«.    	
ranraai.   rvautsau.   ra.
aaonraai 41m aoosaamana
no tow turn 10 awor lo»
IMsw tt. Or»w» Is tt.
Patricia Cabaret
Oa. Mock east at j	
wm nun ion, am
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55S7"*.*• **_* -*t oat. team* By ate Btate late tal
411 HASnifOS STUB! a.
If sale, 1 pa. ti 1
H. M. Nugent & Go.
Tents and Awnings, Caveators' Aprons and Ovaralla, mala
and extra olothing, Longahoea-
men'a Hooks, eto. Estimate*
liven on all' canvas work,
Vanoouver, B. 0,
Phone Sey. 4541
Usf Df Phona lejmonr am tea
Dr. W. J. Curry
Mm soi Dominion BntUtog
Save Coupons for Premium*
Philadelphia—160,000 hare baasf
pledged by the Amalgamated CloOu
Ing Workers here to a half mlllhnw
dollar campaign fund fpr a Laber
Institute, which Socialist and Labor
groups of this city are building, Ar'
sits for the Institute In the heart of
tho city has already been pan
chased. 1/ FRIDAY..
-July », mo
we're here—and here with the
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11 and qualities unsurpassed and unrivalled with guaranteed flt and
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who either is not a practical man
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This store costs us little and we
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Come and see us. Well make it
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Temporary Address
Hotel Hsielwood Blook
Upton Sinclair anonuces that
th* sales of "Th* Brass Check"
have amounted to 70,000 copies
ln four months. This with no
advertising and only a few scattered reviews. Two edition* of
lth* paper-bound book had tb be
! printed on news-print paper, and
In future th* paper books are to
be printed on a leight weight,
'brown wrapping-paper. Sinclair
haa succeeded ln obtaining a car-
lloa* of this, enough for 110.M0
{books; also a carload of book
! paper, enough for 40,000 cloth-
.' bound books.
Therefore, for th* first time he
| felt free to advertise   the    book.
I An  advertisement wa* prepared,
letting forth what tha sales of the
book had been, and quoting an
endorsement   of It   by the Rev.
'John Hayhea Holmas of the Community Churoh    of   New    York.
This advertisement was sent to the
New York "Times;" with a check
for 1156.10.   Th* cheek was returned and th* advertisement re-
Jeoted.   In   its    advertising rate-
card the New York "Times" states
that    "medical"    advertising    ts
•(subject    to    censorship."     Tha
public will be surprised to learn
| that  tha book advertisements ln
lth* literary   supplement   of   th*
.)N*w York "Times" ar* alao "sub-
■ }*ot to censorship!" v
•Tha Brass Check" ia published
,by the author at Pasadena, Call-
i fornla, Prlc* 600 paper, postpaid; 11.20 cloth, postpaid.
Wh*n through with thl* paper,
pass it on.
United   States   Business  Element
Get Chanoe to Rid Boston
ot Labor Agitators
Boston, Mass.—Fear of a repetition of. the tactics which put Tom
Mooney ln Jail for life, is felt by
Labor sympathizers here who are
watching ths case of Vanzettl and
Nicola Sacco, two Labor organizers. The crime for which tha two
men are to be tried ln July la the
assault of the paymaster of the
Slater and Morrill Company, and
the killing of a company guard.
The crime waa committed iu April
by unidentified bandits, who escaped in an automobile with $18,000
taken from the paymaster.
It is believed that the fastening
pf this crime upon Sacco brothers,
who are active Labor organisers, is
an attempt to "put them away," as
Mooney was put away. The men
were arrested In May, subjected to
tha third degree, threatened with
lynching, and treated with such
ferocity that there was public pro-
test. Ths brothers are now out on
126,000 ball
First Hand View of __**__ !__%&&* Jr-
****** .««««« *««««« ****** BLhHL ^      ai     ^" *r***~**r
Hungarian White Terror
The   following   reoort on   the and torturing.   "Marked" men are
Have Yoa Registered?
Th* voters' lists ar* now being
compiled, If you have not register,
ed yeu should do so, the list is a
new ons and the old list will not
be recognised. You should register
at once.
Be nir* te notify th* post offlce
as soon aa you change your address,
THIS      Wt    LABEL
Large HaU fer Meetings
for terms apply 3. B. OAMPBELL, MM Fender St W.
Phone Seymonr 291
Read, Learn and
Inwardly Digest
[Judge Metcalfe"*.Charge to the Jury In the Russell Trial, a*
[compared with CAVE In Rex vs. BURNS, ENGLAND, 18M.
.Russell Trial and Labor's Rights
I a By W. H. TRUEMAN, — C.
Eiaminatlon and statement ot Law, and Review of Justice Met-
(calfe's Charge to the Jury, in Trial of R. B, Russell, at Wis-
(nipeg, December, 1919.
Prices for the above pamphlets are as under;—
Bundle orders, 15.00 per 100 copies, 85c per doien copies;
■Ingle copies lOo each.   Freight and postage extra.
Two in One
Acknowledged to be the most eloquent and historic address evor
delivered ln the courts of Manitoba.
Bundle orders, $18 per 100 copies, 95.00 per SB copies; singlo
coplei. 25c each.   AU charges prepaid.
To ensure a copy of the abovo pamphlet* placo your orden
early with James Law, Secretary of tho Defense Committee.
Boom 4, 220 Bannatyne Avenuo.
Singlo copies oan be obtained ln Vancouver at tho Federatlonist Offloe.
Whit* Terror ln Hungary waa
made by a speolal correspondent
ln The Manchester Guardian.
That Its authenticity cannot no
disputed will only be denied by
those who do not understand tho
position of a capitalistic newspaper, that at tlmea prints the
truth, and to s&y the leaat, Is different to any Canadian capitalistic sheet:
Budapest, June 7—Within a few
hours of arriving In Budapest I encountered the "White Terror."
The restaurant of my hotel—the
famous Hungarla on the Danube
bank, once Bela Khun's headquarters, now largely occupied by Entente missions—was raided by well-
dressed hooligans belonging to the
'Awakening Hungary" League.
Every one who was or looked like
a Jew was seized and beaten. There
were a few minutes of confusion,
of screams and struggle, and then
the incident waa over—and forgotten. People aat quietly again at
their tables, the waiters resumed
their velvet-footed aervice, the soft
purring murmur of a comfortable,
elegant dining-room continued as
If nothing had happened. British
and other Entente officials were
present. They too seemed to be
equally used to such momentary
Held by Armed Police
Emerging Into the streets after
dinner I found every junction of
the streeta held by armed police,
not singly but In groupa, Strong
police patrols, with carbines held
at the ready, moved slowly along
the Corao and other thoroughfares.
At varloua points were stationed
squadrons of mounted police, sitting monumentally on their magnificent Hungarian horses. Between
the population of all classes and
theae police .there Is absolute confidence. Theirs Is a peculiar function. It ls not to guard the property and lives of citizens against
popular disorder, but against a
portion of the Hungarian army Itself—lhe Terrorist, criminal special
"detachments" which have for
months past made Hungary, both
town and country, something like
a hell.
Aa theae "detachments" are tolerated (to put tt mllily) and paid
by the government, and one of
them fumisheB Horthy himself
with,his favorite bodyguard, it is at
first a little surprising to find the
police ao disposed towarda them.
Briefly, it la a atory of a personal
collision between the chiefs of the
two forces developing into a static
feud. Anyhow, the split, such as
It is, la for the good of the town.
But the police are few and can do
A "Detachment" of Brigands
On the Andraasy atreet, the Oxford street of Budapest, a crowd
waa watching aome laughing officers who were extracting a bullet
from the plaster wall of a cafe. A
raid like that ln the Hungarla had
just taken place. Walters were
straightening the overturned tables
and chairs. Half a mile further
on towarda the town park I encountered a strong patrol belonging to one of the "detachments,"
soldiers this time, steel-helmeted
and with drawn bayonets, sturdy,
formidable men, almost Indistinguishable save for their patched, untidy uniforms from German troopa,
and Indeed closely resembling the
notorious Baltic soldiery that I
had aeen In Berlin during the Kapp
Putsch. People slipped into the
side-streets aa they approached.
These particular troopa, aa I learned afterwards, terrorize a whole
quarter of the town, not In a political or racial sense, but ob mere
condottlerl, robbing or beating Jew
and Gentile alike, and not shrinking from occasional murder. They
are only a recent arrival ln the
town, and bodies have already been
taken from the park lake showing
bayonet wounds.
On my return stroll I passed the
Britannia 'Hotel, a second-class Inconspicuous caravanseri which is
the headquarters of the notorious
Hejjas "detachment." This ls a
much more typical "detachment,"
consisting almost entirely of officers and conducting a "White"
vendetta not only over Budapest,
but over a wide stretch of Hungary.
Motor cara planted before the entrance and a crowd standing respectfully and cautlonsly on the opposite footwalk watched the Incomers and outgoera. Other hotels
and buildings ln the town are the
headquarters of similar Terrorist
Next morning and every day during my stay Budapest provided the
same picture and very similar Incidents. One morning paper described ln three lines the finding of
the bodies ot two young men riddled wtth bayonet wounds. Another reported in twenty words—
evidently It-dare not say more—
the arrival in an outlying district
of a flying body of the also notorious Pronay detachment "to keep
order and repress agitation <!)."
The mark of exclamation was eloquent. Day after day the newspapers showed hugo censored
blanks. Ono need not ask what
the censor's blue pencil had deleted ln proof. One afternoon a miserable procession passed along a
main street near the Danube; somo
score or so of working men undor
steel-helmeted escort on their way
to ono of the overcrowded prisons
of the town or to the great Internment camp some two hours away
by rail that Is one of the scandals
of Europe.
An Atmosphere of Terror
But muoh more Impressive than
theae daily Burface symptoms Is tho
prevailing atmosphere of terror.
Men showed a reluctance to meet
or talk, with a foreign journalist.
When they did talk, they spoke of
murders, atrocities, mutlllattons,
disappearances, of burying aliva, of
bodies found In the Danube, of'extortions of money under penalty of
death, faithfully coming; but a Uttle attention soon showed that theso
graver atrocities wero limited ln
number, perhaps fifty to a hundred
cases In all,
Of course the terroristic effect of
such atrocities is In a civilized land
with modern communications, tele,
graph, telephone and press out of
all proportion to the actual death-
roll. Tho Terror in Hungary no
longer requires mass killing. It
operates through .psychologic effect
and keeps Itself in practico from
day to day by the simpler, rather
Oriental devlco of seizing, beating
suddenly seized ln thetr houses or
In the streets, carried to one of tho
hotels or other centres, and there
thrashed and tortured. Others are
spirited off to prison or the groat
concentration camp at Hajmasker
or minor camps, for there seem to
be more than one.
A Cumulative Effect
A fow montha of such a regimo
would break the strongest nerves,
and suoh has been in faot the calculation. Budapest today shows
aigna of the strain. Respectable
people are afraid to venture out of
doors after dark. Frienda you meet
In the street carry the butt-end of
a loaded rubber baton sticking out
of the coat pocket. I have been
shown these formidable inatru-
monts of defence in private houaea
that I have visited. In the civilized community reduced to such a
state the prevailing atmosphere is
Inevitably nervous and diseased.
Ten months ago when I saw the
beginning of this Terror In Budapest,' I quoted a leading Hungarian
Liberal as saying that a man might
gladly face a martyr's death, but
would shrink from torture or corporal punishment. The remark
holds good wtth manifold greater
force today, for Terror haa an accumulative effect.
An older generation ln Manchester can remember the "acuttlera,"
and no doubt their evil fame has
gone into tradition. Imagine theso
'scuttlers" clad in officers' uniforms, armed to the teeth and In
control of troops, equipped with
motor cars, assisted by an espionage system, co-operating with
gangs of brutal young "swells" and
students (the "Awakening Hungarians"), conducting a political and
racial vendetta, and finally degenerating into a Mafia of violence,
rubbery and* blackmail. Add that
this armed hooligan organisation Is
rather more than tolerated by a
military dictatorship and not denounced, as it should be, by the
official representatives of the civilized outer world. Such is the sort
of Terror that has existed here for
montha paat.
The Discredited Friedrich   .
In fairness I must state that I
found no one In Budapest to defend or deny these misdoings. The
only exception outside the militarist gang seems/ to be the how discredited Friedrich, for long the protege, one might almost say, of our
military mission. In government
quarters the evil was admitted and
deplored. The army, and particularly the extreme militarist elements, I was told, were out of
hand. I was reminded of the not
very dissimilar military crisis Ih
Germany, Utce causes producing
like results, and I was assured that
in six weeks or less these White
hooligans would bo disarmed and
disbanded. A day or two ago I
stood In the lobby of the House of
Parliament while this Terror was
being hotly discussed in secret session. Deputies spoke of It frankly
as a Terror, and all parties and
speakers (save, of course, Friedrich) united in demanding the
strongest measures.
Hungarians of world eminence
with whom I have spoken of the
matter, such as Count Andrassy,
have refused to acquit the government of responsibility. As I write,
there is a serious government crisis
amounting to a clash between parliament as a body and the military
element. There can be little doubt
that the visit of the English Labor
delegation has done much to produce this heulthy revulsion, or
rather to set it In motion. Decent
Hungarian opinion has been awaiting a chance to express itself. Even
active officers of the army have not
hidden from me their shame and
disgust. Tbere Is at last some hopo
of a change, but only a hope. But.
outalde opinion must help, principally that of England, whose military representatives here aro not
wholly free from blame.
Children Must Work to Make Up
the Family Income
"More children are employed In
Chicago this year than ever before,
according to figures being compiled
for tho annual report of Clyde
Brown, head of the working certificate bureau of the board of education.
"Approximately 30,000 children
between the ages of 14 and le
have Jobs, an lncreaae of more than
13,(00 over last year.
"Old Hi Cost, combined with
high wages paid 'juvenile workers,
ls blamed by local educators, who
assert that 10,000 additional children wtll become workera during the
summer vacation.
"The ruBh for jobs is already on.
Many youngsters have quit school
a month or two In advance to get
tho beat positions. During the last
two months 1546 left thetr classes "
Sydney, N. S. W.—One of the
first acta of the Labor government
on securing control of the parliament ln New South Walea recently,
was to hand out a helping hand
to the farmers, who, because of a
long drought season, are hard up
against It In order to tide them
over their difficulties, save thetr
atock, and provide help for their
famltlea, the Labor government
has floated a ten million dollars
loan to be used exclusively for tho
farmers. Under capitalistic governments no help would be given
and thetr chattels would be seized
by mortgagors as soon the they
were down and out. But under the
Labor government, assistance of a
practical nature ts afforded them.
Moacow—(N. T. Bureau) —
During the 73 days' existence of
the soviet of Krasnoyarsk, Siberia,
there havo been organized five
unions with nearly 27,000 members, 79 factory committees and
several workers' courts. A hydro-
graphic expedition has beon organized to Investigate tho possibilities of utilizing tho Yenisei
river for trafflo. A central statistical institute for Siberia haa also
been established.
London—(By cable)—Tho Irish
Labor Party has issued a manifesto
announcing that It has decided that
rallmen shall not carry munitions.
The Issuo to now up to the government, whloh will probably retort
with a lockout, dosing dova tbo
Irish railway*,   »   •
The Fanner
Editor B. C. Federatlonist; Ro
(Maxim Gorky and your editorial on
(he position of the farmer in so-
itety, permit mo to draw your at-
entlon to ono paragraph of Gor
y's, whoch you don't clearly grasp.
He mentions tho necessity of machinery in agricultural development, in order to develop within
the peasant that class-conscious-
ness which ls credited to the city
1 You and I are in perfect agreement with him on that point but
you overlook the fact that he has
reference to conditions ln Europe,
more especially Russia. The difference between those countries and
this continent In farming methods,
are as sunlight is to moonlight.
The farmer on this continent finds
that in order to cultivate the vast
stretches at his disposal, he must
employ mechanical appliances to
aid htm tn hla task, and with the
change the farmer 'finds the old
drudgery still clings to his labor.
Thus we flnd them actively and Intelligently organizing for a struggle with hts exploiters, on the political field. In . other words,! that
condition which Maxim Gorky
claims neoeaaary for the furtherance of the revolutionary spirit Is
here and active among the farmers.
Yo.ii claim that tt is nn easy matter to understand the farmers' outlook All outlooks are easily understood, but the point of observation must be the environment
which created them, that point Is
the farm.
The farmers' resent the odious
comparisons repeatedly made by
writers when comparing him with
the city artisan.
The farmers are seriously concerned with those evils of the system, long hours, mortgage, machinery payments and the difference
between what he receives for his
grain, hogs, cattle and the price
pnid by the t msumer. These
questions are occupying the minds
of the farmer and hia remedy is
control of the legislature, and I
venture a1 forecast, he Is going to
demonstrate his class-consciousness In a manner that will reflect
on the Intelligence of the city artisan.
.You are also in error in assum-
I ig that the farmer must provide
t ie' food-necessary during the tran-
f Ition period of the revolution. My
c tar comrade, don't you know that
t Mo system starts all the machln-
(ry of collection in motion before
t lie'harvest ls gathered, forcing thc
f&mers to dispose of his whole
? oar's produce. Take a trip across
tuesc- prairies and notice where the
E d&aries are located; not on the
j irm, but all along the railway
t 'neks, and Into these pours the
(r;Un direct from the separators
n ri*iv into thc clutches of the capi-
t tlljft' octopus, leaving the farmers,
l ifcmnny cases, dependent on gov-
f. Eminent doles to enable them to
ut_f-j down their land tn the spring.
Socialist and Labor publications,
in discussing the farmer, ought to
keep in view his achievements ln
North Dakota and Ontario, and
compare these with the miserable
showing at the recent election In
Winnipeg, after-years of Intensive
Propaganda. These writers ought
to remember that tn the problems
confronting society, each class of
individuals, from the billionaire to
the despised outcasts of the syatem are all enrnestly seeking a so-
luflon for their peculiar problems;
nil are In movement but nature
controls their progress, and as the
race is to the strong, that party
which conforms most closely to
nature will be the predominating
guide in the revolution. Theee facts
admitted, let us adopt a policy of
attraction and cohesion devoting
all our energies in a more conciliatory attitude towards tho tiller of
.the soli, who battie.i wiht the adverse forces of nature in the eternal struggle for existence-. Sln-
corely yours,
I j (Our correspondent has evidently not understood the editorial in
question. We will, however, reply
to his letter ill the next Issue, as
he has raised points not covered,
or intended to be covered In the
editorial in question.
tngly capitaliatic Unionism ls one
of tho foundations of Socialism,
but unionism has been a failure. If
lt were a success, we would see all
the workors ln an Industry united
on one oommon foundation of
equality. The managers, the superintendents, the foremen, the
bosses, all united with the other
workers. Are they? Why aro they
not? Trades unionism has lived
over seventy years. Why are not
all the workers united? Because
they insist on capitalistic distinction between one job of work and
another. - Educate a farmer (who
owna his own land), to become a
Socialist. Not ln ten thousand
years. You may teach him to
unite and combine to hold up the
prices of his eommoditiea for his
own private benefit, but you cannot teach him to become a Socialist while it pays htm better to bo
a capitalist.
(Ed.  Note—This  letter  will  be
answered next week.)
Agent Provocateur
Tho Former and Socialism
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: Two
cultures, by Maxim Gorky, a comparison of the farming community,
wltb the city, shows a realization
of the inertia of the farmer towarda
Socialistic cultivation. You, in
your editorial, "Farmers and the
Coming Change," do not seem to
realize that thn farmer and all he
stands for, represents tho very
foundation of the capitalistic system.
The revolution in Russia, bo far
as it has gone, was effected because the groat body of the people
the rural population, although they
cultivated the land, did not own It
They accepted the revolution aa a
means to become capitalists, private owners of the land they cultivated, not from any leanings towards Socialism, because private
ownership la the negative of Socialism. The original owners of the
land being few, and the law ln the
person of the Emperor being overthrown, the great body of the peo-
kfatf seized the land aa much aa they
lOnvenlcntly could, and they will
told this lund aa their own prop-
trty againat all the power of the
i lovlet government. Rural Russia
n point of cultivation and advance-
rtelit, is in about the state the In-
ll&ns were when America was dls-
severed. And the city populations'
de'as are just as advanced as the
Trench were at the time of their
revolution in 1792, We have been
taught that no revolution can be
successful. By successful, I mean
civilization's advancement, which
tramples on the accepted law. Civilization can only advance with the
law at the head of the procession,
and law don't mean the law of majorities. That law Is a law created
by might. In our present system
of socioty, there Is a road open to
Socialism, and that road Is tho road
of common ownership; the road of
acquiring your community property
bit by bit, of producing a system
of economics that can compote
with capitalism. It woald be just
as easy as sitting in a rocking chair
for Labor to own lta own farms,
Its own railways, Its own businesses
and work for Itself, If tt wen not
for tho faet that all tho ideas and
Mentions of Labor are overwholm-
It Is a good sign that the meaning of the term "agent provocateur" is not well known in English-
speaking countries. The ofllce
copy of Webster contains no reference to lt. In the next edition,
however, it will probably flnd a
place. For, In the United Statea
at any rate, tho agent provocateur
is assuming a sinister force ln the
land. He belongs to the same species as tbe more commonly known
stool-pigeon, but moves ln t higher
plane. The stool-pigeon la the unofficial assistant of the police who,
by well-known methods of getting
Into tho good graces of suspected
persons does some valuable work
In the discovery of crime. The
agent provocateur Is a government
spy who devotes his special attention to the investigation of political
and social movements which are
suspected of having treasonable
designs on the state, or for some
reason are disliked or feared by the
people who happen to be In power.
If he confined himself solely to Investigation he would be a legitimate servant of governments,
though his employment indicates
something not quite right ln the
state. But the agent provocateur
does not limit his work merely to
spying. He joins the1 movement or
group which he is supposed to
watch, works himself If possible
Into the confidence of the leaders,
and then his real Vork commences.
He starts to provoke trouble. He
endeavors to lead his men on to
thetr destruction. He calls meetings
and Incites his dupes to commit
unlawful acts. This type of Individual used to be confined to the
reactionary countries of Europe,
chiefly to Russia. He was the hire-
ting of despotic governments which
retained power only by the fear
they Inspired. Among the people
he Inspired hatred, contempt and
fear. Recent Investigations In the
United Statea have revealed the
fact that the agent provocateur Is
freely used by the Department of
Justice in Us drives against foreigners and communist., organizations. Liberals have soundly denounced A. Mitchell Palmer and
hla methods. Mr. Swinburne
Hale, tn a recent Issue of The
Nation advocates that Mr. Palmer
should bo Impeached before the
bar of the Senate charged with
high crimes and misdemeanours
for hla fdmlnlstratlon of the Department of Justice. The methods
used are entirely foreign to Anglo-
Saxon traditions. The employment ot such tactics In times like
theae are calculated to be highly
inflammatory and to react grievously on the stability of governments and the loyalty of the subject. ^JVe refer to this subject
chiefly on account of the tendency
of some poltlcal tights in this country to folow the example set by
the United States, particularly In
its attitude towards radical movements. Same of the revelations
made at the Wlnlpeg trial indicated that our government might not
be above "making use of the services of the agent provocateur.
Every admirer of British traditions will sincerely hope that such
tactics wtll be eschewed by cabinet ministers.
—Turner's  Weekly.
Cincinnati, O.—Witnesses appearing for the Milton Ochs Company against the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers Union beforo
Judge Robert S. Marx, In the Cln-
cannatl Superior Court, testified
that the union's ptcketa threatened to "eend them to the hospital"
unless hey joined the union. The
suit seeks to enjoin the strikors
from picketing and Interfering or
Intimating non-ur! >n workers at
the Ochs plant
The strike or lockout grew out
of the discharge of Isaac Sonkon,
a foreman, on May 15th, and the
plant has been picketed ever sines
that date. The union heads deny
the threats and tntlmadatton.
Judgo Marx decided that ono
picket should bn allowed to remain near tho faotory, and took
the case under advisement for a
few daya.
Loudon, (N. Tf. Bureau).—
whether the decision just mode by
the Agricultural Wages Board to
grant farm workera a minimum
wage of $12,50 a week will avert
the threatened revolt of the farmers, Is considered doubtful by
leaders of the group. In the Interim In which the Board haa delayed a final decision onethla demand the farmers have decided
to raise their demands to a |16
minimum and a 48 hour week.
Enormous meetings off farm
workers have been held in Berkshire, Oxfordshire and Surrey all
through the spring. The farm
workera, who two yoars ago had
no organization whatsoever, now
report that ln the south of England district alone they have a
weekly incomo from members*
subscriptions  of  $60,000.
Moscow.—The Twelfth Congress
of tho Jewish Bund now meeting
horo, has sent fraternal greeting
to all foroign organizations belonging te tho Bund. The message says: "In the Midst of aa
herolo struggle for the emancipation of the working class we greet
our brethoi> *~ every land."
is your best guide to good Logger Boots.
We have built up a reputation because we
make the best Logger Boot possible. If it
could be made better we would make it If
you have a hard foot to fij^ come in and let
us measure you for a pair.
51—Hastings West—51
The Genius of Freedom
THE twentieth century, accord
tng to the prophecy of Victor
Hugo, is to ba the century of
In all the procession of the centuries gone, not one for humanity,
from the first tyranny has flourished; the few have ruled, the many
have served; the parasite has worn
the purple of power, while honest
labor has lived in poverty and died
In despair.
Wo know that Socialism is necessary to the emancipation of the
working class, and to the true happiness of all classes and that Its
hlltorlc mission Is that of a con-
Socialist   Workers'    Organisation
Carrioe on Industrial Battle*
ot (he Mexicans
By Albert Fodor
(Por the Federated Press)
HRRMOSILLO, Sonora, Mexico.
-In Mexico the workers are all
organised Into one big union which
in turn has one Bet ot officers.
In most cases the business agent,
whom T have found to be a vary
Intelligent and enlightened man,
ia the secrotary. Even government officials are sometimes members of this union, which la called
the Socialist Workera' Organisation. I was surprised to find the
workers so well posted on the
economic and Industrial conditions
in other countries.
It seemed to me that tht workers ..on the whole were fairly well
satisfied with .present conditions,
considering the country's situation. I was told that changes
were imminent whioh would
mako for the amelioration of tha
mosses. The fact that tha legislature of Sonora contains only
fifteen men, most ot whom are
liberal, makea th* creation ot
better laws a fairly easy matter.
The state conciliation board ot
Mexico, tha creation of which waa
urged by workingmen, ia considered the best on tho American
continent. It la made up of ona
member from the state, a representative of the employen and
and ona of the employees.
querlng movement. W* know tkat
day by day, nourished by th* ml*-
•rr and vitalized by the asplratlsai
of the workers th* ana of It* activity widens, It grows ia strength
and Increases its mental and moral
grasp and when th* final honr ot
capitalism and wag* slavery strike*
tho Socialist movement, th* greatest In all history—great enough to
embrace the human race — will
crown the struggle of centuries
with victory and proclaim freedom
to all mankind.
The capitalist syitem haa separated labor from ownership and reduced the workers to a conditio*
of wage slavery. They throw th*
labor market eager and anxious to
flnd a purchaser who wtll buy thtlr
labor power.
Under th* capitalist system •
small part of the people ar* capitalists and th* vaat mass workers.
Th* capitalists get tha proflt,
grow rich, live tn palaces, rid* la
yachts and automobile*, gamble at
Mont* Carlo, drink champagne,
choose judges, buy editors, corrupt
politics, build universities, endow
libraries, preach morals, get tk*
gout and bequeath th* earth t*
their lineal descendants.
Tht workers work early and lata.
In heat and cold, they sweat and
groan and bleed and die—tha ateel
bllleta they mak* ar* oft** their
caskets. They build th* mill* aad
all the machinery. They man th*
plant and th* things of stall* aat
steel begin to throb.
Freedom In Socialism I* th* aa*
thing worth striving for. Without
freedom civilisation will crumble
and hop* dl*.
London.—Recent rumor* of aa
alarming altuatloa la India tat
danger of a revolutionary uprising
In the autumn, were borne ent hy
th* report reoelved ker* tkat Indian soldier* in tk* British anar
fighting against th* Turks aai
tha Persian Nationalists hav* deserted the British rank* and ham
gone over to th* aid* ot tto Meads
of Indian Independence, Frost
Simla th* report hu com* that
thousand* ot Mahommedans an
growing restless and ar* threatening to leav* British India and emigrate to Afghanlstaa aa* tton
settl* a* aubjecu ot tha .
Direct Importers ot
foreign Woolens
Lln* of Basaockhara
and Harris Tweets
318 Hastings West
Vancouver, B. C
History of the Winnipeg General Strike
May and June, 111!
Giving th* true facts and all tk* details. A book that ahould
ba In every home. Over 100 pages of th* most Interesting renting ever published. Send your orders to Jamaa Law, Secretary
Defense Committee, Room i, 210 Bannatyne Avenue.
Procrastination does not pay, then Is danger In delay, the beat
time la today.   DO IT NOW.
Prices;   Bundle orders, $40 per 100 copies, $11 per et copies,
fill per 25 copies, single copies SOc each.   All charges prepaid.
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the O. B. U. and all progressiva
Labor policies, i
v  Send along your subscription to "Tht Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1508, Oalgary, Albert* PAGE SIX
twelfth yeab. no. 2»     THE BRITISH. COLUMBIA FEDERATIVE,..
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor,
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish,
vjuiuuu veb, A a
The One Big Union
Published hy the Winnipeg Central labor Oounoil
Bead —o News ftom the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription prise $2.00 per year; $1,00 for six monthi
Address all communications with respect to subs and advts., to
HARRY WILLCOOKS, Business Manager, Roblln Hotel, Adelaide Street, Winnipeg, Man. Communications to Editor should
be addressed to J. HOUSTON, same address.
Iu Twenty Tears we bave timed this Union Stamp for eie nadir onr
Peieefnl Collie tin BsrgHning ' ' r-
Forbldi Both Strikti and Lockouts
DUputii Settled by Arbitration
Study Employment ud Skilled W oikauihu
Prompt Deliveries te Dealwi aad Public
Piaci and Succiu to Workeri ul Employers
Prosperity of Sboe Ibklni Oommuultlei
As loyal unioa men ud women  we aak
Sn to  demud  Ikoei  tearina   the   above
Woo Stamp oa Sole, Inula or. lining.
C.lHi Lovely, Oeneral Pr.lli.at,   OtaMei L. Balne. Oenersl Sec.-Tren.
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Preildent, T. B. Mldjleyi
vloepreeldent, 3. HlnbaU: aeeretary, J.
It. Campbell i treuurer, J. Bhaw; ler-
feut-ltarmi, E. Kins; truiteei W. A.
trlteaari, J. 8. Hum, J. M. Clark, A
3. Wllion. Veeti lit and Srd Wednel-
dayi each month at Peader HaU, Pender
Street Weit.	
ell—Heele   leeond    Monday    In    the
■ontk.    Preildent, 3. f. MeOonnelli ler
tetary,. a H. Neohndi. P. 0. Boa ««.
and Belnioreed Ironworker!, Local 0T
•-Meeta noond ud fourth Mondays.
Preildent Ju. Heetlnie; Snanolal eeo-
retanr aad treaiurer, Boy Maeeeur, Boom
310 Labor Temple.
Lumber   Induitry   (camp
meet with fellow workers In
... and mill)
 _ . _ in that Industry. Organiie lato the Lumber Workers
Induitrlal Union of the 0. B. U. Head-
ausrten, SI Cordora St. W., Vancouver.
Phone Bey. 7856. ; .
America, Local No. 178—Meetlnge held
ent Monday in eaeh month, 8 n.m. Pru.
H"a'..Ji.T- Mnrorth; vice-president, A.
«. Gatenby; recording iecretary, c. Me*
aaaS* /' °i P™ 603- ***** Se?"™
P. 0 box 508    "T- Bo"' ate—We,
Provincial Unions
™d L»bor Councll—Meeti fint ind
third Jteinutmo Knlghta ol PytbiM
Htll, North Park Street, at 8 p.m. Pttsl-
^eDU ___ B* Woodward; vice-preiident,
A. o. Pike; aeeretary-treaiiurer, Chriitian
SiTtrti, p. p. Box 803, Victoria, B. 0.
lleeta every 2nd and 4th Wednesdays
In the month. Pres., A. J. Wilson. Sec
trcsa., J. R. Campbell, Pender Hall, Pender Street West. Houn, 9 a.m. to 0
pjn.  Phono Bey. 291.
Meet* lut Sunday of each month tt
S p.m. President, A. E. Robb; vice-
preaident, 0, H. Collier; aecretary-treai-
•nr,  R. H. Neelands,  Bot 00.
plo/Mi, Loeal 28—Meots every second
Wednesday in the month at 2:80 p.m.
■ad erery fourth Wednesday in the month
tt 0:80 p.m. President, John Cummlngs,
■MMtary and business ft(ent, A. Oraham,
Ofloo ud meeting ball, 014 Peader St.
W. Phone Sey. 1081. Offlce hours, 8
wa. to 0 p.tn.
bor Couneil—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month, in Curpenters'
Hall. Presiuent, S. D. McDonald; vice*
P'fsioont, A. Ellis; secretary, Geo. Wad-
dell. Box 273. Prince Rupert,  B. 0
p?K8KL?uiWw owwkai; labor
COUNCIL, 0. B. U-—Meets every Tuesday in the Mclntyre Hall at 6 p.m. Meetings open to all 0. B. U. members. Secretary-treasurer, J. H. Burrough, Box 888,
Prince Rupert, B. 0.
dustrial Unit of the One Big Union—
An industrial union of al) workers in logging nnd construction camps. Coast District Md General Headquarters, 61 Cordova Bt, W., Vancouver, B. C. Phone 8*y.
7068. E. Winch, general secretary-
treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird,
Macdonald k Co., Vancouver, B. 0.; audi-
tors, Meisn. Buttar * Chiene, Vancouver, B. 0.
Association, Loeal 88-62—Office and
UU, 152 Cordova St. W. Meets flrst
and third Fridays, 0 p.m. Secretary-
treuurer, Thomas Nixon; business ageut,
Pater Sinclair.
tha 0. B. U. meet in their union ball
at 814 Cordova Bt. W-, every First and
Third Wednesday ln the mouth, Presi
dent V. Owens; vice-president D. Carlin
iecretary, Earl King.  Pbone Bey. 8698.
Lnmber Industry, organise into the L.
W. I. D. of tho 0. B. U. Millwork-
ers, branches meet as follows:
Vancouver—Lumber Workers' headquar-
ten, 61 Cordova St. W. Every Monday
8 p.ra.
New Westminster—Labor Hall, cor. Hoys!
Ave. and 7th St. 2nd and 4th Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Fraser Mills—Old Moving Picture Theatre, Maillardville. 2nd and 4th Thursday, 8 p.m.
Port Moody—Orange Hall, 2nd Friday,
•very month, at 8 p.m.
en' Unit of the One Big Union, Metal-
llferoaa Miners—Vancouver, B. C, headquarters, 61 Cordova Street Weat. All
worken engaged In thia industry are
urged to loin the Union beforo going on
lha Job, Don't wait to be organised, but
arganise yourself,
North America (Vancouver and vicln-
, Win,
Ity)—Branch   meets   aecond   and   fonrth
Room 204 Labor Temple. Presl-
_. -. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial aeoretary, E. God-
dard, 856 Richards Street; recording secretary, J. 1). Russell, 028 Commercial
Drive.    Phone High. 2204R.	
ers—You noed the Camp Workers of
your industry, They need you. Organise
together ln the 0. B. U. Jndutsrlal Unit
of your occupation. Delegates on every
job, or writo the District Headquarters,
BI Cordova St. W., Vsncouver. Entrance
fee, <1.00; monthly duc». $1.00.
Futeners,   I.L.A.,   Local   Union   88A,
Series fl—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
■ef tho month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m.
.President, William Maylor; financial secretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding secretary, W, Lee, Office,
Room 207 Labor Templg.
Moscow.—(By Mall)—(N. 7.
Bureau)—That a grave economic
crisis Is threatening Europe which
can only be averted by lifMng the
blockade against Russia, Is the
assertion to Ds Florlnsky, a member of the Moscow Commissariat
of Foreign Affairs, in a letter of
A. Shanfield, American Charge
d'Affaire, In Denmark. Florlnsky
was formerly a member of the
diplomatic corps under the Czar's
regime, and recently offered his
services to the soviet republic.
He was granted an amnesty and
given a position ln the government.
New York,—(N. T. Bureau)—
Vlto Marlanl, indicted as a criminal anarchist under the New
York State statute and slated by
the Department of Labor for deportation, hae heen released by
the state and turned over to tbe
immigration authorities for de-
poratlon to Italy.
Madison, Wis.—-Conviction on
charge of violating the espionage
act does not cost a Wisconsin resident his vote, according to tho
opinion of Attorney General
Blaine of Wisconsin, sent to District Attorney a, W. Lipert, Wau-
aau. Blaine states that no
authority has come to his attention that hold the convicted person  loses his right of ballot.
Dr. De Van's French Pills
A reliable Regulating Pill for Women, $5
a box. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed
to any address on receipt of price. Tha
Scobell Drug Co., St. Catherines, Ontario.
Restores Vim And Vitality; for Nerve and
Brain; increases "gray matter;" a Tonlo
—will build you up. $3 a box, or two for
$5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt
of price. The Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.
16 Hastings St. E.
0. B. V. OARD
Patronise These Who Patreniie Tont
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Meets A. 0. F. Hsll, Mount Pleasant
1st and Srd Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and .
p.m. President, R. Bigby; recording
Secretary, F. E. Griffin, 447—flth Avenue
last; treuurer, F. Sidaway: flnancial
aeeretary and business agent, W. H. Cottrell, 4308 Dhmfries Street; office corner
Prior and Main Sts. Phone Fair. 8004 &
International jewelry work-
on' Union—Meets 2nd and 4th Fridays, 206 Labor Temple. President, W.
Wilson, 2239 Oranvillo Stroet; seeretary,
E. T. Kelly, 1850 Hastings fit. E.; re-
aording secretary. L. Holdsworth, 630—
14tb Bt. W,, North Vancouver.     _______'
Big Ben
chocolate shop
Ballard's Furniture Store
1024    MAIN    STREET
Phone Seymour 2137
We will exchango your second band
furniture, for now.   A square deal er
your money  bock.
"    "       """ — »■ -*****am
Military Clique Has Full
Control of Means of
New York.—"Japan ls an Imperialistic, militaristic, aggressive,
selfish, autocratic power — a
menace to the peace, of the world
and a living mockery of justice
and righteousness and world fraternity."
This is the assertion of the leading article of the World Tomorrow
for June. The article, which
hears the title, "What of Japan,"
ls contributed by a keen student
and observer of oriental affairs,
whose name, for obvious reasons,
must be withheld, but for whose
integrity the editor, Dr. Norman
Thomas,  vouched.
The author does not limit himself to one aspect of the picture.
He continues:
"But in the next breath one
must say that Japan Is being
thrilled to its foundations by a
powerful, though unspectacular
movement "• towards democracy.
The question for the rest of the
world resolves Itself into something like this: "Will Japan gain
the mastery over herself and become a world blessing before the
military elements have made her
another scourge  of  mankind?"
Sinister Military Contest
The militarist control in Japan,
according to this.authority, is .peculiarly sinister and powerful for
several reasons. In the first
place the militaristic clique in
Japan, seeing the oncoming wave
of democracy, made themselves
responsible to the Emperor rather
than to the premier, the cabinet
or to any legislative bodies. In
this way the,Emperor has become
the spokesman and figurehead of
the military. The Japanese love
their Emperor. But today In order to love their Emperor they
find themselves also loving the
military. The military powers
have forced the revision of histories, the control of publications
and the Installing of shrines galore to enhance the position of
the Emperor In the eyes of the
people. The control of the militarists over the sources of popular information Ib their chief instrument and Japan's educational
system fits remarkably well into
their scheme.   The author says:
Fertile Field
"Perhaps no other nation furnishes such a fertile field for false
education of the public as does
Japan. Japan's language and
writing are a barrier between
herself and other nations that is
not lightly crossed. Japanese
newspapers and magazines may
say what they wish, and the rest
of the world will only know what
some charitably (or maliciously)
inclined person translates for
them, As at present Japanese
abroad may make a tremendous
bid for American favor, while
newspapers at home carry on a
virulent and utterly false anti-
American campaign—which the
people believe because it is all
they set. Now add to this situation the'way In which much of
the outside world Is like a closed
book to the mass of Japanese and
you see what the control of the
press and publications means to
the militarists. It is widely circulated by Japanese propagandists that Japan is a well-educated nation, with one of the highest
literacy percentages In the world,
and with ninety-eight per cent nf
the children of school age In
school. Next time you meet the
mail nvho recites that tale .ask
him some questions and see if he
says it deliberately or Innocently.
—Unregistered children canot attend school. Of course not, things
not on police records tto Japan
simply do not exist, and the poorer
classes, often dispensing with formal ' marriage, do not regularly
register their children. This
creates a class, that, being
non-existent, needs no education
and still is useful ln industry.
But those who are registered and
do not go to school, what of them?
First, in some mysterious manner, apprentices are everywhere.
The children are all in school of
course, but there Is no shortage
of  apprentices."
The six years of compulsory
schooling do not mean much as
far as education goos even for
those children who have it, for
little can be taught In that time
aside from the Chinese eharac-
ers, tho means of reading and
Military Policy
The policy of this military auto-
cracy of Japan is territorial expansion on the continent of Asia.
Japan doesn't want war with
America. But lt feels that America Is the friend of China and
therefore it pays to keep a popular hatred against America stirred
up bo that If a war should come
the people will be ready to fight
with all the earnestness and enthusiasm of those fighting In a
just  cause,
"The big significant fact is"
says the author, "that the people
have to be continually stirred up
and prodded on to hate America.
If left to themselves and allowed
to have the news of the world
they would soon be so pro-American that the 'peculiar genius' of
Japan would be nowhere In comparison. Of course that feeling Is
charged to 'paid propagandists' of
America, who are painted as spies
and agents of capital. These
'secret agents' are none other than
the missionaries. The militarists
are right that the popular friendliness for America is the work of
the missionaries, but just as the
police-military type of. mind the
world over can see no unselfish
motive in anything, so Japan's
coercionlsts also fall to see what
the missionary enterprise is for,"
FRIDAY July  9,  1
The Manchester Guardian'! .pub
llshes the following report oft-Its
special correspondent's interview
with Trotsky:
Trotsky for a considerable (tjjme
has given no interviews to newspaper correspondents. As Military and Naval Commissar he
combines the posts of War Minister and First Lord of the Admiralty, and now, during the absence
of Krassln, he has added to. these
the post of Commissar or Minister of Ways of Communication,
which in the present condition of
transport is perhaps the most difficult post in the Soviet Republic.
The farthest he has been willing
to go in giving interviews fn either
the Russian or the foreign press
is to dictate answers to definite
questions submitted   on   paper.
I consequently considered myself lucky when, through a mutual
friend, I was able to arrange a
regular interview with him. I
saw him in the Commissariat for
Ways of Communication. In the
outer office were a strange group
of officials—a sailor from the Baltic in uniform, an elderly civil
servant of the old Ministry, and
a couple of young officers. Trotsky was sitting at Krassin's table
In the inner office. Unlike Lenin,
who, in spite of the bullet in him,
seems but little changed, he has
aged very much during the last
year. His great mass of dark
hair has turned quite grey. He
had found a toy on Krassin's table,
a little sand-glass, an instrument
of torture for long-winded visitors
struggling to get through their
conversation before the last Band
has run—an instrument that
should, I think, be supplied by the
State to every Russian Government department and public offlce.
He tapped It threateningly when I
asked him about the obvious analogy between the successive defeats
of Kolchak, Yudenltch, and Denikin. "But that Is old history," he
said, "and you will find what you
want to know about it in my report to the last All-Russian Assembly."
Yes," I said, "I have read that
report, but there is one thing
missing from It. In all those defeats there was an immediate
breakup in the rear following the
first serious set-back on the front.
Yet when you came to fight the
Esthontans, and they too were
forced back, their retirement ,%vjis
not followed by any troubles In
their rear. Do you believe j thnt
the samo formula that held good
fn the civil wars of the Revolution,
when Russian was fighting Russian, when, In the case of an attack
by Poland, Russians will be fighting Poles, and nationalist feelings
will be engaged, quite apart/from
the struggle between pojjttoal
ideas which characterized the; clyil
war?" +-,•,,,
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of PrltclmrdV address to
tho Jury can now be secured at the
Federatlonist Office. The words
of PilMlmrd. when addressing the
Jury at Winnipeg will go down In
history as a part of thc struggle In
human society for liberty. Evory
worker should liavo a copy. Oct
yours beforo the rush starts. Price
25 ccntK
.What about renewing your sub.?
Will Be Swamped sMlm
At this point, becoming interested, he became a Uttle more friendly, and put the sand-glass tUrrfy.
He said: "I believe the foriifUla
will, hold good absolutely, and that
nationalist feeling will in the end
be swamped by the' political
struggle inside the nation that is
fighting us."
'So that here .also "one may say
that a counter-revolutionary force,
even if a national unity, would
begin by gaining successes, that
Its use of theso successes would
illustrate Its counter-revolutionary
character, would create divisions
within itself which, becoming pronounced the moment these successes began to be liquidated,
would lead to catastrophic collapse
from within?"
"Certainly. The existence of
strong national feeling -postpones,
retards, but does not prevent the
process. Esthonia stopped fighting in time. Who knows what
would have happened if she had
been forced to go on fighting for
another six' months? Remember
that there also they have had to
shoot their Bolsheviks, that their
Trades Union Council exposed
itself In favour of a Soviet government and that they thereupon
shot 26 and deported about ft hundred of the delegates, and that,
notwithstanding a second congress, undeterred, adopted a similar resolution. The process was
already clearly visible. Yet I
consider the position of tho present Esthonian Govornment fairly stable, because they have a very
small proletariat and a very large
agricultural population of small
Does Not Apply to Poland
"But this does not apply to Poland at a.1!. There they have a
very large, thoroughly revolutionary proletariat, and the bulk
of the peasant population is similarly revolutionary on account of
the enormous size of the big estates. It is, as it were, a prole-
tarianlsed peasantry. Consequently I am absolutely convinced that,
though by a sudden blow they
might break through and seize,
for example, Smolensk, or Kleff,
that success would be the first.
term in a formula which would
eventually be written out in'full
and carried to its logical conclusion in a complete collapse of
the Polish Government and a victorious  Polish  revolution."
"And, considering the problem
from the other side, do yoii-not
think that the International Rovolution In RUBsia Is gradually assuming a 'national' characters and
that more and more people'are
joining you, not because of'any
particular social beliefs, but ' because your army Is a Russian army, defending Russia as weM as
defending the Revolution?"    '•■•■*■'
"To a certain extent that Is Irtfc.
It will be still more true if Poland
fights against us. As you know,
we have thousands of Koltchak
and Denekin officer prisoners. We
have not shot them, although they
shot every Communist they could
catch. I ask them, 'What are wc
to do with you?" They reply at
once, "Send us against the Poles.'
There is a certain feeling among
that kind of Russian that the
Polish attack Is a sort of base Ingratitude. Poland was definitely
freed by thc Revolution. Russia
resigned her right to Poland, and
now tho Poles by way of gratitude attack Russia. There are
Russians who think that Poland
will be reconquered and again
made part of Russia. We, of
course, desire nothing of the
I told him I had had  conflict
ing answers from various people
as to the existence of abolition of
the system of Political Commissars
in the army.   He replied:—
"Wo are proceeding to abolish
them In two ways. In the first
place, we are training Red officers
from the workmen. That, however, does not give us a very great
number as yet. In the second
place, more and more men who
were Political Commissars, Communists, are now becoming fit to
take command. And, now on the
other hand, there are more and
more of tho old officers, to whom
•we have grown accustomed, who
have grown accustomed to us,
have seen us close at hand, have
worked with us, and are as devoted to the Red army and as
trustworthy as ourselves. Many of
these officers have become Communists. Many others, while not
becoming Communists, are completely devoted to their duty for
quite other reasons."
Industrial Conscription
He turned then to the question of
industrial' conscription. I told
him that the previous night I had
heard him say something which
I had not been able to remember
accurately, to the effect that the
Idea of industrial conscription is
not a new ingraft on Socialism,
but has always been implicit in
the  idea.
"Of course," he replied. "What
Is the Socialist Idea of society but
the idea of a society in which parasitism shall be destroyed, a society In which there shall be no
parasites? That does not mean
that you have to stand over the
parasites with a revolver, but it
does mean that measures of compulsion may be applied to people
who are unwilling to fulfill their
duty to the State." '
'There will be discontent among
the mobilised peasants, perhaps.
But not If they see results. And
as for the workmen, there ls not
workman In Rusia who does
not realize that the re-establishment of transport and so of industry is an affair vital to himself."
I said, "What about the skilled
workjmn? As an Englishman,
with the tendencies to practical
anarchism Inherent ln my race, I
should object most strongly lf I
were mobilised and set to work
In a particular factory. I should
immediately want to work In
some other factory, Just for the
sake of not doing what I was
forced to do."
"You would now. But you
would not lf you had been through
a revolution, and seen your country in such a, state that only the
united concentrated effort of
everybody in lt could possibly reestablish lt. That ls the position
here. Everybody knows the position, and there ls no other way.
But once things begin to Improve,
the need for compulsion will disappear, together with the crisis,
and eventually work will become
a kind of sport."
With my last question I returned
to the Polish war. "Do you
think," I asked, "that the Polish
war, if It develops, will mean a
long postponement of the work of
No, I do not. In the first
place we shall not be fighting on
a number of fronts simultaneously.
Secondly, the actual effort required will be only a fourth or a
third of that used during the crisis
of the civil war, Thirdly, our
army is now n different thing
from what it was. We now have
regular divisions known by the
names of their commanders,
bound by esprit de corps, with
known characteristics and qualities. We are no longer fighting
with untried tools, solving equations with several unknown quantities. We are using for definite
purposes troops which have already proved that they are fitted
for these purposes. Finally, the
condition of Poland Is such that
the struggle should not last long.
They may take Smolensk, but two
months after that should see them
New   York   Exploiters
Open Up Big Battle
With Labor
(By the Federated Press)
New York.—With the extension
against railroad workers of the
i|)Mke-breaklng activities of the
Citizens' Transportation Committee, which have heen directed
against the striking toamsters and
longshoremen, the mercantile interests which are trying to destroy
unionism, have definitely thrown
down the gage to all the transport
workers along the east coast.
This downright declaration of war
Is rapidly forcing into a triple
alliance the longshoremen, harbor
workers  and   railway insurgents.
Already William Fellows Morgan, chairman of the Committee,
openly boasts that "New York is
practically on an 'open shop'
bafcis," coming out very plainly
with tho real purpose of the organization, which up to now has
denied that it had any objeot further than the relief of freight congestion by running strike-breaking
The business of putting New
York on an 'open shop' basis,"
means that every other shipping
centre In tho East must fall in
line. The Committee' Is actively
organizing similar strike-breaking
committees in neighboring towns.
It has raised its original union-
flghtlng fund of 15,000,000 to
$10,000,000. n has decided to
entrench itself for a two years'
According to Captain William
Maher, general secretary of the
Marine Workers' Affiliation, "the
settlement of the Commission
must Include the 90,000 Insurgent
railroad men of the nation, the
7,090 harbor workers of New
York, and the 30,000 coastwise
longshoremen, who are out from
Boston to Galveston. A settle-
men with the railroad men alone
will not break down the harbor
blockade nor would a settlement
with the longshoremen materially
affect the situation." -He added,
"to be settled at all it must be
settled for all."
The men are asking for a
general raise In freight rates, for
the restoration of the Insurgent
railworkers with seniority rights,
and for the application of the
eight-hour dny to all harbor-craft.
They also demand that no public
funds bo used for strike-breaking
Our advertisers support the Federatlonist. It ts up to you to support them.
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—Jewelry Dept., Main Floor,
[By Anise]
(Staff Writer Federated  Press)
Did you read it,  brothers!.
Did you THRILL
At  the   word,
Hjow     all     through     Central
ONE purpose ran—
Of Austria,
Of Italy,
Of Poland and Czecho-Slovakla,
To come to the aid
Of their brothers in Hungary!
Saying to the autocrats
Of the White Terror:
It is WE who control *
The railway that brings
FOOD to you,
The telegraph that brings
NEWS to you!
See, we declare
A BOYCOTT against you
Of Central Europe,
Until you render JUSTICE
Td our brothers!"
Thus, at one word
All the barriers of race,
Al) the barriers of nation,
All the barriers of WAR
Kept alive from age to age
For the enslavement
All the barriers
Which diplomats at Paris
Discussed so long,
Improved ao carefully,
Dividing Pole from Czech,
And Austrian from Italian,
And crying to the world:
These warring peoples,
At each other's throats!
Only by OUR great wisdom
Are  they  kept from  slaught
Only by OUR great pains
In fixing boundaries!"
How the workers
Of Central Europe
Laughed them to scorn,
And sprang up to the aid
Of their fellow-workers
The oppressed of Hungary,
Under the great wisdom
Of the diplomats	
How they shouted to the worl
"Wo are ONE!
After the many wars!
After the much fixing
Of boundaries!
There are NO boundaries
them a real understanding of the
aims of the Soviet Oovernment;
but even when they get to Russia
they continue to look at the factB
before them through the glasses
of the "class interpretation" that
ls peculiar to capitalist newspapers.
Detroit—Strong arm methods are
employed by the master plumbers
and steam fitters to force their rebellious workers back into the
shops. The strikers are frequently
attacked by "plug-uglies" in the
employ of the contractors. James
Webb, business agent of the steam
fitters, Is the latest victim of these
tactics. Webb was attacked while
driving his automobile. He was
not Injured seriously, however. The
striking plumbers and steam fitters are standing firm and refuse
to yield ln face of persecution.
Buy at a union store.
Have Von Registered?
The voters' lists are now bell
oompiled, lf you have not reg I ste
ed you should do so, the list Is
now one and the old list will n
be recognized. You should regis!
at once,
Chicago—While Chlcagoans ai
paying 31 oents a pound for suga
supposedly because of a famine, I
freight cars containing 3,010,0!
lbs. of sugar are being shift*
around the Illinois Central Ral
road tracks and federal agents m
they have been there for seven
The Proletarian Dictatorship.
The following editorial is from
Soviet Russia of June 12, 1920:
The Soviet Government Is often
accused of being a government by
one class only, and we have no
objection to this understanding of
the situation, provided the situation be really understood. The
ship of the proletariat," a coming
Soviet Government ls a "dlctator-
to life of that society which, as
Marx and Engels scientifically
proved, would precede the realization of Socialism. But, while Soviet leaders have indicated In Innumerable writings that the Soviet
Government ls such a Marxian
dictatorship, they have also
clearly shown, as did also Marx
and EngelB, that this dictatorship
temporary stage—the transition form assumed by society before Its transformation into a one-
class system. And the one-class
system that is the goal of this
transition—in other words Its Jus-
tifiaction and the cause of Its being—this real explanation of the
proletarian dictatorship and
class rule" ls the one phase of
the matter that the opponents of
the Soviet Government always
overlook. For their Information
we repeat what has been so often
said before: In Soviet Russia the
government Is in the hands of
thoso who work—and all must
work, either with hand.or brain
(the exclusive domination of phy
have arisen In the mind of some
sical labor is a- Action that must
New York reporter who was completely terrorized by the janitor of
his flat)—and furthermore, the
government in Soviet Russia la being conducted by those who work,
until such time as the doctrine
that all must work has been completely accepted; after which the
class government becomes a "government of the whole people,"
since the whole people is then of
one class: The class of those who
The mathematically Inexorable
clearness of this position Is too
much for the minds of the newspaper writers; and besides, If they
should understand It, they would
lose their bread and butter. They
not only continue writing the same
old vituperative stuff from their flats
ln Harlem, ln spite of the fact that
such writings as Nikolai Lenin's
"The Soviets at Work" are fully
accessible to them and would give
Guid Standard and Slater
Tan Brogue Boots. The
Slaters are medium dress
Brogue style; the others
heavier soles. Both good
lines. Regular up to $15.
On sale AA  ft £
at  %pVsX/D
LADIES' White Oxfords
and Pumps; light leather
soles; beautiful new goods.
All shapes ond styles. Our
regular $5.00 lines. All
sizes. July Ao AA
sate price «PveOU
No Tax on These.
LADIES' Dainty White
Pumps for outing wear.
Rubber sole and low heel.
.0tn:'e   $2.00
No Tnx on These.
HIGH White Canvas Boots
—Rubber sole and heel.
Just the thing for beach
and camp.   All sizes. July
price «pA»OU
No Tax on These.
LADIES, here
ls a big snap
in White
Boots, in varl-
oub shapes
and styles of
heels. A nent
summer boot.
Reg. }B values.
July sale—
Of Course You Want Your Pay Cheque to
Co as Far as Possible, Don't You?
Then if you have Shoes to buy let. JOHNSTON show you how
to cut down your Shoe Bill.
Just now the Big July Clearance Sale Is in progress and too an
make substantial savings on all Summer Foottroar. Greater values
you won't flnd. The Big Shoe House stands alone for value giving.
Here's how some of our prices read:
MEN, during the July sale
you can buy these 111
Tan and Black Lace
Boots, welted soles, standard makes, 3 shapes to
choose from, Aft gB
for only  «POeOO
JOHNSTON sells Men's
$11 Mahogany Calf Tan
Boots with Goodyear welt- .
ed soles; a boot that will
give every satisfaction
either wide or medium re>
cede shapes; blucher pat
terns, at, per
No Tax on These.
Men's Tan Boots, from J,
and T. Boll—one of our
bost makers—on the "Liberty" last. One of the
highest grade boots we
have ln stock; neat shapes
and perfect In every way.
All sizes and widths.
Worth $16 regularly. On
Johnston's $9.00 Patent
And Kid Pumps, plain
vamps and turn soles,
lovely dressy pumps. July
•ale A jj ft(j
price «PO«Ow
No Tax on These.
Men's Canadian Gunmetal
Bluchers, on either the
"Balcan"—a wide, high-
toe last—or the "Areo"—a
recede, narrow shape; two
dandy black boots; worth
$10.00.   While they  last,
sale  *P7tbO
No Tax on These.
An assortment of Men's
Tans, with Neolin soles
and heels; all good makes
—Leckie's, etc. Only o
limited number. Alsosomr
blacks in this lot. Rej
$13.60 values, July sail
price, per
\U <W titsr; vmSriV    ■CoiOM'i/.- Sr .*-*:,*__•-
VAHCOUt/t-HB C.    NEtVlKt..*irMI?i:;<! '■:..'- i twelfth tear. no. 2i    THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
What We Saw in Russia
(By BEN TURNER, Chairman of the Labor Delegation to Russia)
[Patronize Federationist Advertisers
[By Ben Turner]
N VIEW of the ilea circulated tn
the capitalistic press, with respect to the report of the British
Labor Mission to Soviet Russia,
and the venemous editorials such
aa appeared tn the Vancouver Sun
on Monday last, wo publish the following article by Ben Turner, which
appeared in the Labor Leader:
The reception of the British dele.
gatlon in Russia was most enthusiastically hearty. The trade union
bodies were chiefly responsible for
the welcome arrangements. The
Russians were evidently delighted
that a respohslble group of people
had arrived from another country
to Investigate the truth about things
and held out warm hands of friendship to UB.
Has tho Delegation Been Misled?
All the stories of organised camouflage to deceive us are nonsense.
No greater preparations were made
for us than would naturally be
made to welcome a friendly delegation coming to a country which
had been close*d for so long to the
outside world. The assertion that
the streets were specially cleaned
and hardships hidden In order that
we might not learn what the actual
conditions are, may be dismissed as
so muoh moonshine.
The Soviet representatives were
quite open and frank and wanted
us to see the worst as well as the
best They made our work of Investigation as easy as they oould.
We had absolute fredom to go
where we desired, to see whom we
We were permitted freely
to enter mills, workshops, factories,
publie    institutions    and    private
chinery. The Allies' polloy of the
blockade and military intervention
is, of course* chiefly responsible for
these things.
The hunger in tha towns ta in
strange contrast with tbe seeming
prosperity ln the villages, Every
land-worker has his own plot and
produces his own food. The surplus he is supposed to sell at controlled prices to the towns.
There are no land owners'; the
land is the property of the state,
but no rent is charged. This land
occupancy may easily drift Into
peasant proprietorship unless the
spirit of co-operation, Socialism,
Communism—call It what you will
—enters Into the life of the people
of the villages. It is possible that
there may be a contest between the
townspeople and the villagers when
external wars have concluded and
the Internal unity arising from the
common dangers and difficulties is
however, the education policy of
less operative. On the other hand,
the Soviet Republic Is undoubtedly making Communists of the
young folks in the villages, and
the future ls theirs.
Hot Sbfly Joo, Indexed for Toa
MS. tfnloa Mm, OM TUi Out aaA otn It to Tow Wifo
Banks . ..-,
(Baak of Toronto, Hutingi * Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New We»fr;at a»-
I      minster.
j Boyal Baak of Oaaada, 18 Bianekcs ia Vaneoaver, It ia B, 0*
ITIidtUi Limited    —      018 Hastingi Street West
3. A. Flett,  ■                    Hastingi Street West
| Con Jones (Brunswick Fool Booms) -
Boots and Shoes
....Hastingi Street East
[Goodwin Shoe Co., —
"Ingledew Skoe Store-
_ "K" Boot Shop...
[Pierre Paria
I Wm. Diok Ltd...
-IW Hastings Street East
*.„.. 660 Granville Street
 319 HAtihgs Street West
_.M Hastings Street West
..Hastings Btreet East
i Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
MacLachlan-Taylor Company 65 Cordova Street West
Cornett Bros. . 56 Hastings W.
[Golden Gate Cafe Hastings Street East
I O. B. U. Model Cafo ST Cordova Street West
Orpheum Cafo <....- ■ Opp. Orpheum Theatre
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
'Arnold A Qalgley  - 546 Granville Street
damans, Ltd 153 Hastings Street West
Clubb ft Stewart 309-315 Hastings Streot West
B. 0. Outfitting Co, ™ -J 342 Hastings Street West
Wm. Dick Ltd      33-49 Hastings Street East
,Thos. Foster ft Co., Ltd M..MMWWW.. 614 Granville Street
7. W. Foster * Co., Ltd.
J. N. Harvoy Ltd.-
C. D. Bruce...
...845 Hastings Street Weat
Many of the delegates had letters of introduction to persons who
were known to be opposed to the
Soviet system—members of the Sooial Revolutionary Party, Menshe-
viks, intellectuals and others. The
Soviet representatives were quite
hurt when they were asked if visits
could be paid to these persons.
"We place no restrictions upon you
 they replied.   "Visit whom
New Tork Outfitting Oo...
David Speneer Ltd™—.......
W. B. Brumitt...
 125 Hastings Weit and Victoria, B. 0.
 401 Hastings Street West
 143 Hastings Stroet West
................................... Hastings Street
Thomas ft MeBain..
Woodwards Ltd...
..Cordova Street
..Granville Street
 ...................Baitings and Abbott Streots
Victor Clothes Shop..™ . .'. 112 Hastings Wost
D..K. Book ,------'------•--•—- 117 Hastings Stroot West
Vancouver Co-operative *. 41 Pender Street West
Bickson's 820 GranvUle St.
Kirk A Co., Ltd-
Fraaer Valley DalrlNL.
...929 Main St., Seymonr 1441 and 465
. * 8th Avenue and Tukon Street
| Dr. Brett Anderson .
Dr. W. J. Curry	
> Dr. Gordon Campbel
i St. Lowe	
1 Dr. Grady »..
..602 Hastings West
„301 Dominion Building
1 Britannia Beer...
| Cascade Beer...
Patricia Cabaret-
Taxi—Soft Drinks.-
Van Broa........'......_„„
 Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
 Corner Hastings and Abbott Streeta
... Corner Hastings and Seymour Streets
~...~„.n~ .Westminster Brewery Co.
*.«..,..»» Vancouver Breweries Ltd.
* ... 411 Hastings Street East
...409 Dunsmuir Streot
..Ciders and wines
L (Vancouver Drug Co...
..Any of their six stores
_______________ Dry Goods
LFamous Cloak A Suit Co...  -  ...623 Hastings Street West
| Vancouver Co-operative .  41 Pender Street West
| Brown Bros. A Co. Ltd....... ..48 Hastings Eait and 728 Oranvllle Street
| Nunn Thomson A Glegg......  531 Homer Street
I Haatinga Furniture Co....-...- _. 41 Haatings Street Weet
Ballard Furniture Store  1024 Main Street
Home Furniture Company » 416 Main Street
Cal-Van Market —  ■ Hastinga Street Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three itoros) Hastings, OranvUle and Main S^ts
Woodwards     Hastings and Abbott Stre*.**
Spencer* Ltd, ...  - Hastinga Street
Vancouver Co-operative 41 Pender Street West
fcJnlon Public Market 35-37 Hastings Street West
p. T. Wallace   118 Hastinga Street West
jpia'-k and Whito Hat Storo tr Cor, Hastlnga and Abbott Stroota
Jewelers ^^___„.
10. B. Allan 480 GranvUle Street
North West Mall Order House  615 Pender Street West
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
[ iW. H. Malkin...—.- -.«    (Malkin '■ Beit)
Musical Instruments
iMason & Risch 738 Granville Street
[Switzer Bros 312 Hastings Street West
Novelties and Mail Order House
[North West Mail Order House 616 Pender Street West
Overalls and Shirts
["Big Horn" Brand   (Turner Beeton A Co., Victoria, B. O.)
you like. Ask what questions you
like. There is nothing we want to
Antl-Bolsheviku Interviewed
Visits were paid to a number of
Russians holding anti-Soviet views.
We went unaccompanied by any
Soviet official or Bolshevik sympathizer. For interpreters we were
very well placed. A number of
our delegates could speak French
and German, which many of those
whom we Interviewed spoke, whilst
Mr. Hoden Buxton both understood
and spoke considerable Russian.
Where other interpreters were necessary we were not"limited to Bolsheviks. We frequently had Mensheviks to act in this capacity.    *
The reports that Russia Is ln a
condition of savage anarchy are totally untrue. The suggestion that
one cannot go about the streets
without seeing indications of murder and rapine in simply ridiculous.
We could walk about the streets of
Petrograd or Moscow, day or night,
quite as freely as one can about the
streets of London.
The Hunger Due to the Blockade ,
The chief thing that hurt us was
the evidence of the hunger in the
cities, in Petrograd more .so than
in Moscow. The shops In Petrograd are mostly closed; many of
them aro boarded up and make the
streets look ragged and forlorn in
contrast to the glamor 'of our I
streets. The lack of foodstuffs and
the consequent hunger is due to
the long years of war, internal
eruptions, breakdowns of transport,
lack of materials and worn out ma-
Wonderful Health Organization
The health organization of the
Soviet government is marvellous.
Russia has suffered terribly from
cholera, typhus, smallpox, influenza
and other diseases. War always
brings pestilence and famine, and
Russia has had them to the full.
The Bolsheviks have met these
difficulties by Herculean measures,
despite the lack of soap and medical requisites consequent upon the
blockade. Notices emphasizing the
Importance of cleanliness and fresh
air are posted everywhere; in. public places, trade union offices; they
are printed on the theatre pro
grammes, "Lice is the enemy of
Socialism," one of the placards
reads. Hot water Is compulsorlly
supplied at every station, on the
steamboats, and in the trains, with
facilities for the bathing of contact
cases. Consumptive sanatoria, rest
houses, convalescent homes, and
old age homes (with no workhouse
restrictions) are other features of
their health service. Two million
school children are fed, clothed and
Power ol tlie Trade Unions
We visited the headquarters of
the principal trade unions, They
are housed In substantial offices,
with good equipment and large
staffs. There are typewriters, telephones and all tho other requisites
that go to make up efficient office
work. They take great pains in
the preparation of statistics, diagrams and in recording what has
been done aud planning what
should be done.
The trade unions have a bigger
purpose to fulfil under the Soviet
system than here. They take part
in the actual government of Rus<
sia as well as in
meeting of membera of the Printer's Union, which wo attended ln
Moscow. Tbe facta about it are
these: The printers are undoubtedly the strongest supporters of the
Mensheviks. At tho meeting at
Which we were present there would
ita about 3000. of whom about one-
third were Communists. There
Waa no disorder at all, but speeches
were delivered In successitn for and
agalnBt the principles of (he Soviet
form of government. There were
suggestions that some of the critics
of the Soviets would be arrested
after the meeting, but ao far as we
know nothing of the kind took
The Polish Offensive
AH tha Russian people believe
that the Allies and the Britiah government aro supporting the Polish
offensive. Petition! were frequently presented to us by the workers
in the factories which wo visited,
asking us to do all that we can to
secure the end of tho Allies* policy
of the blockade and military intervention, and peace between Russia
and the rest of the World. The
Polish offensive Is rallying the people In support of the Soviet government The bulk of the people
are not Communists, although a
great number of those who livo In
the cities are. Even the opponents
of the theory of Soviet government,
however, say that they wilt do nothing to upset the present government so long aa the Polish attack
We saw the executive of tho All-
Russian Social Democratic Party,
sections of the Mensheviks, and a]
number of professors and auch*
like people who were neutral.
"Give us peace externally," they
said, "and we will secure peaco internally." I do not think that there
is any danger of a renewal of civil
war in Russia. 1 believe that, ln a
few years' time, perhaps with aome
modification of the Soviet form of
government, or a broadening of its
basis, Russia wilt become one of
the first really great nations of the
Wilson's 14-Point
Speech for Show
(Continued on pan 7)
later than lti d.Hvery, Siaslon cabled exultantly of hia having placarded tho walla of Petrograd with
sentence, from that document He
was printing million, of copies to
circulate among tho Russians and
Says tho League committee:
"These documents are especially
valuable at this time, as the basis
for consideration by the people of
the United States of tho question
of lifting the blockade against
Russia, established by the government of the United States. Trading with Ruf sia Is being carried on
by Oreat Britain and Italy, and
the neutral countries of Europe.
American buslnesi men aro eager
to participate ln the great volume
of trado that Is now flowing, and
will oontinne In Increasing measure
to flow, betwoen Russia and tho
outside world. Tho question ls
whether the American peoplo waat
to support a political policy that
shuts tho oountry out of ono of
the most valuable markets ia tho
Commercial and not humanitarian considerations are foremost In
the oomplUng of those papers, then
which Include many dispatches,
notes and reports hitherto suppressed by our State department and
the British foreign ofllce.
These documents show that from
the outset ot th* Russian social revolution, It was ths consistent and
persistent polloy of tho Soviet regime to seek good relations with
America and Britain, commercial
as well as political, and as a test
of good faith, Lonin and Trotsky
asked that Japan be persuaded
against seising any part of Siberia.
For Real Shoe Bargains
—————*********************** a.
Visit Our July Clearance
Women's White Boots—Regular $7.60 value
*■»  $3.78
Women's White Oxfords—Reg. $7.00 $3.Qi
White Pumps-Reg. $6.00 ior. $2.18
Men's   White
■welted soles -
Canvas    Oxfords—GoodyeaSj
Hundreds of other lines at clearance prie*'
Outing and Holiday Footwear at big , '
, 3001WJ^
**m* jiomsi.vv.' *
Committee of Indian Na-
'tional Congress Makes
Its Report
juJis tPy Dr- N' s- Hardlker]
Ogakor Young India, and written' ____
Strike Called to
Enforce Laws
(Continued on page 7)
I punter-Henderson Faint Co...
-.642 OranvUle Strwt
Printers and Engravers
I Cowan ft Brookhouse »  
 Labor Temple
..Tower Building
I P. O. B....
 and the ~..C. N. K.
IDPom the Tailor 524 Granville St; 318 Hastings W.
lAbrams the Tailor « 614 Hastings West
[ !T. A. Flett Hastings Street West
I liartin, Finlayson 4 Mather  .....Hastings Street Vest
Theatres and Movies
I Empress    Orpheum   Pant*gcs
day, July 19th, the General convention will open.
Prince Rupert holds its district meeting on July 10th, and
Cranbrook, August ltt.
At the general convention,
amongst other questions coming up
for discussion, will be that of extending the activities of the organization to cover agricultural
workers, the value of submitting
to referendum vote actions of general conventions, the formation of
an organization fund, the legality
and Value of general and sympathetic strikes, attitude of the A. F.
of L., I. W. W., and other working
class organizations to the O. B, U,
Wintpeg diatrict is making splendid headway and gives promise of
being a good strong unit,
The outcome of tho genera] convention will be of great importance to tho movement In general,
as the lumberworkers ls the strongest and most active body within
the O. B. U. at the present time,
and besides its activity In carrying on exleiisivo educational work
•ittongst its members, it Is a big
ri"vree of financial backing to
many labor activities.
Range 1, Coast
TAKE NOTICE that Rice Owen
Clark of Port Progress,
rancher, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands, commencing at a post planted about 40
■chains S.W. of the S.E. corner of lot
422, thence about 30 chains north
to lot 423, thence west 80 chains
thence about 10 chains N. to shoreline, thence southerly and easterly
along shoreline to point of comen-
cement, und containing 200 acres
more or less.
Dated June 4th, 1920.
"   Range 1, Coast
notice that Agnes Lizzie
Clark of Port Progress, storekeeper, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands, commencing at a
post planted at N. W. point of said
Bonwlck Island, about 20 chains
S. E. of S. E. corner of lot 1007,
thenco around shoreline to point of
commencement, and oontaining six
acres, more or less.
Dated June 1st, 1920
of their respective Industries.
The trade unions, separately and
collectively, fix the hours of labor,
the amount of overtime, and, in
consultation with other departments, the wage basis. A part bf
the wago ls the ration of bread and
other foodstuffs, which are distributed through the machinery of
the trade unions. Further, as food
io dilllcult to get from the country
districts to the towns, the trade
unions organize co-operative buying for such goods as are not rationed. The trade uniona also fix
the physical productivity possible
In the trade. They recognize that
after Ave years of warfare and
hunger, with worn-out machinery
and lack of the best materials, only
one-half or one-third of the normal productivity is possible.
In addition to all these things,
the trade unions are responsible
for the organization of education
and recreation. The great opera
houses and theatres are now open
to the people, and the trade unions
allocate the tickets to their members at reasonable rates. By this
means the workers have an opportunity of enjoying art and music
and drama to a degree not thought
possible In the old days.
In co-operation with other departments, the trade unions are responsible for tlie housing of the
workers. A Very large number of
the old wooden shacks in which the
work people previouslylived havo
been pulled down, ana the large
houses which formerly belonged to
the well-to-do have been converted into workers' dwellings. Every
worker now has a home. This
housing scheme has been developed
from the double point of view of
health and hoine-sacrednesa.
The Russians have found that by
rationing houses in this way there
Is ample room for all. In the large
houses each family has separate
rooms, but there Is a communal
dining-room. Some of the hbmes
into which we went were exceedingly beautiful and well kopt. Constantly on Soviet property, such as
the commandeered houses, one
found theso words displayed: "This
Is your own property. Look after
It welt." The injunction seems to
be obeyed.
Tho "Red Terror'
The Soviet government abolished
capital punishment last February,
but owing to (ires and explosions
due, they say, to Polish Incendiaries
they reintroduced the death penal
ty during May. The Bolsheviks do
not attempt to deny that they have
used repressive measures. They
say that, so long as a great paffrof
tho world ls plotting against them,
they must have exceptional powers
to arrest counter-revolutionaries,
monarchists and officers of the old
White Guard who act as agenta and
spies for the enemies of Russia.
They say, "We aro surrounded by
war, and we are going to protect
the Revolution by all the means
possible." The extraordinary commission is above ordinary law, but
Its members assured us that they
always give the prisoners a trial
and provide the Indictment within
24 hours of arrest.
The members of the delegation
were given every opportunity to
see the British prisoners and the
concentration camp. The Soviet
representatives pointed out that
they had done no more, so far as
Interning persons of "enomy" nationality was concerned, than was
done by the British government
during the war.
Truth About Printers' Meeting
I understand that reports have
appeared ln the press which claim
to   represent  what   occurred   at   a
\ai<\for The Federated Press)
•:,">'1What constitutes a moat slgiilfl-
«»..- ^M' feature of the recent events
Uie"government*I**India is the appearance of a re
port made by an investigating committee, appointed by the Indian
$ty>tional Congress, India's unoffl-
S\\fL\.parliament, of the disturbances
Wfelph took place in April, May and
Jupe of 1919, as a result of the
paaaage of .the Kowlatt Act to curb
revolutionary activities.
Denounced by All
Following the passage of tie Act,
which was denounced by all sections and all groups in India, agitation was begun for its repeal.
The government of India, taking
no cognizance of public feeling,
and ignoring the justice of the
claims of the people, proceeded to
suppress the legitimate protests by
drastic measures of martial law, by
firing on unarmed people, and curbing their elementary liberties. The
results of this terrible regime of
killing and suppression—the massacre at Armltsar, at which 1200
were killed and 3600 wounded, being one instance—have become
common knowledge throughout the
civilized world.
The condemnation of the British
military was unsparing, and everywhere demands were made for an
investigation, This led to the ap
polntment of a committee, headed
by Lord Hunter, who recently sub:
mined his report. At the time of
the appointment of the government
committee, prominent Indians offered to give evidence and "assist
the Investigation. But the government refused to accept this offer.
The Indian people thereupon appointed a soparate committee to
ascertain the true facts, realizing
that the government's refusal to
accept their evidence was a clear
indication of the partisan character
of the official investigation.
A Restrained Document
The Indian National Congress
committee visited the places where
the disturbances had taken place,
secured the statements of witnesses,
accepting for publication 650 of the
1700 statements submitted to it,
and held public meetings at which
the truth »of each statement was
openly challenged. It may bo seen
then, that the roport for the Indian
committee is as fur and Just us it
was possible for the commissions
ttyjnuko tt by their untiring effort
at'arrivlng at the truth. Throughout India lt has been accepted as a
taber, restrained document, destined, to form a landmark In Indian
history. A Calcutta newspaper has
characterized lt as one of the really "great documents through which
civilization and humanity have
spoken out against barbarism, inhumanity and iniquity."
■nThe report tells the detailed
atory of the events which preceded
the butchery of Armltsar, giving
the situation in India from the
time of the passage of the Kowlatt
legislation, and the first organized
prtttest. Especially does it stress
the provoking methods which Sir
Michael O'Dwyer, governor of the
Punjab, employed in his recruiting campaign at the time of the
war, his relations to the educated
classes of tho community, for whom
he hud a profound contempt, and
his wholesale repression of newspapers of tho rlghta of the citizens
to assemble and hold meetings, und
of tho entry to tho Punjub of such
universully respected men as Mr.
M. K. Gandhi, who Initiated the
civil disobedience movemont (Saty-
ngraha). O'Dwycr's regime was
but tho preparation for tho more
drastic methods which the government meant to enforce by the passage of the Rowlatt measure. "It
is this act which raised u storm of
Opposition unknown before in In-
dlu," say's the report. "The government was wholly unjustified In
placing on lhe statute books, on the
eve of liberal reforms, an extraordinary measure to deal with x\\
chy, as If anarchy were endomle
Instead of rare ln India."
The Satyaghra Movement
' The report further tells about
the Satyaghra movement initiated
by Mr. Dandhi to combat the Rowlatt Act. The movement la "holding on to truth—and fluttering In
the execution of this." The whole
martial law regime ls traced chronologically, with Its Inception In
April 13th, the measure promulgated during the two montha that
It was enforced, and the effect upon
the people ln the Punjab—where
it j Injustice waa most felt, feome
of the measures make interesting
reading. For example, one of the
orders was for salaaming of every
Indian to every Englishman, "pain
of being arrested and suffering indignities." Another order compelled the people passing through a
certain street (where an English-
. man had been assaulted by the
(mob) to crawl on their bellies,
in addition—were floggings,
summary arrests and trials, the
humiliation of the citizens of the
various towns In countless ways,
and last, and most vicious of all,
the brutal murder of 1200 men and
women at the Jallalnwalla Bagh,
in Amrltsar, by British soldiers,
directed by General Dyer, as a
"staggering blow." In Lahore the
same story was repeated ln all Its
details. The report declares on this
point that "the Introduction of martial law In Lahore was an utterly
unjustifiable act. No violence was
done either to persons or property."
The commissioners declare, concluding the story of the martial law
reign: "If martial law was unjustifiable, much more so was lta prolongation for nearly two months."
The commissioners summarize
their conclusions, after weighing
the Immense amount of evidence
they had collected, as follows:
"The measure necessary for the
redressing the wrongs done to
the people, for the purification of
the administration and for preventing a repetition ln future of
official lawlessness, are:
"1.   Repeal of the Rowlatt Act
"2. Relieving Sir Michael
O'Dwyer of any responsible office
under the crown.
"3. Relieving Generals Dyer,
Johnson, etc., of any position of
responsibility under the Crown. ■
j "4. Recall ot His Excellency
the Viceroy.
"5. Refund of the fines collected from the people who were
convicted by the special Tribunals."
The reception of the report by
the Indian publlo forms a separate
story. In all quarters, it has been
regarded as the absolutely authentic account o fthe tragedy of 1919.
Many of the prominent newspapers have, however, expressed
their dissatisfaction with the demands of the Commissioners,
which demands they look upon as
too magnanimous, as coming from
people with "the conscience and
self-control of saints."
The great mission of the Report
Is to reveal to the British and
other peoples of the world the
tremendous responsibilities which
the Hritish government has so
willfully neglected to perform ln
India, and the gross brutality
which foroign rule engenders. It
Is hoped that the report will be
for the American people a revelation of Britain's disinterested efforts ln the Bast, of her good Intentions In -ruling foreign peoples,
and, ln the words of Sir Auckland
Geddes, her aspiration to "Improve
tho lot of the oppressed, to Increase the matorial prosperity of
the world."
A Sale on Terms
Smart-Wear Clothing
■r    LADIES' SUQ8
Reg.«59.50. Sal»_$B9.60
HfBeg. $79.60. S«1«__$W.M
I* Beg. *0to $125.
Sale —$79.60
On Termi
Beg. $29.60 -..$19.50
Beg. $39.50 ....$29.50
Beg. $49.50 -439.50
Beg. $69.50 -..$49.50
I* la tht. lot MM malum
at M7.M. te clear at ttAM
tt down ant IX a wa*. |l
Men'. Suit* reft t(l.<(,        '
ler L__M*
Tarma aa low ai It dawn an*
Time Has Nerer Dimnwil the«
Popularity of tbe
Its hold on the true lover of
,, gems today is at uwiatont M ill
' the years when it first be cam**'
enshrined in public favor.
Perhaps you, too, have a strong
Uklng—a fancy for thie "Queen
of gems?" If so, a brief visit
to our Diamond Room at the
present time will be a delight
to your artistic sense. We have
gems that will make your pulse
stir Just a little faster at the
An assortment of loose stone»t
ready to fashion/into any spe* •
clal Jewelry that may meet*
your fancy. Suggestions and*
sketches are a part of our
"The House ot Diamonds"
480-486 Granville Street, at Oorner Fender
Butte, Mont.—Damages to the
amount of $150,000 aro asked In
a suit flted today against tho
Anaconda Copper Mining Co., by
John McCarthy, one of tho victims
of the "Bloody Wednesday" massacre, April 21. Company gunmen
on that day shot down a score of
unarmed miners acting as. strike
pickets. McCarthy was released
from the hospital yesterday with
a bullet ln his lungs which two
operations  failed  to remove.
Seattle.—Ole Hanson has returned from a nation-wide lecture
tour In which he reaped a fortune
denouncing unionism, to find his
home city agog over plans to
mako the Puget Sound, Ught" nnd
Power Company disgorge a portion ot tho $15,000,000 In bonds
received as payment for the traction system sold to the city while
Hanson was mayor.
The 1 M.T. 1 Loggers' Boot
mu on.ii pmuuiij ituuii u
Guaranteed ta Hold Caulk, and Are Thoroughly Watertight
MacLachlan-Taylor Co.
Successors to H. VOS A SON
Next Door to Loggari' Hall
Phone Seymour 000 Repair. Done While Tan Watt
Abrams the Tailor
614 Hastings W.
Phone Seymoar 6424
The voters* lists are now being
complied, if you havo not registered you shvuld do so, the list is a
new. one and tho old list will not
be recognized. You should register
at once.
Where Is your union button?
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Beeds, Bulbi, Florlata* ftnndrltt
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
« Hutlngi Itnet Eut 728 OranviUe Btreet
Seymour 988-678 Seymour 9013
Vacation Footwear—
We ore showing a splendid assortment
of Outing Hoot wear for Men, Women
or Children.
All the new models aro here-
High  Shoes,  Oxfords and Pumps;
leather or rubber soles. {
Priced from .....
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
 ^ Am '
FRIDAY __, July J, UH
Boys' Knickers, $3.45
These Knickers are developed from a splendid quality
all-wool navy serge. They
have the hip, elde and watch
pockets. Tailored to withstand the terrific strain imposed hy a live, hustling boy.
Sizes 20 to 3D.
Boys' Hose
These Hose have unusual
wearing qualities. They are
made from long fibre Egyp-
tion cotton with reinforced
heel and toes. Shown In
three weights: lightweight,
35c; medium weight, BOc;
heavy weight, 65c.
if   -*!<HM
s' Bloomers, $4.65
Even to the buttons these
Boys' Bloomers are tailored
to withstand hard wear. They
are reinforced where the
strain comes — knee, crotch
and seat. Made from a dependable quality English
navy serge; Governor fasteners. Sizes 24 to 36.
Wash Suits, $1.95   "
Light, cool and comfortable,
for the hot days of summer.
Developed from good quality
materials in crisp, clean pat*
terns. Shown In sailor and
other wanted styles. Splendid tailoring. Sizes 3 to 8
Scarlet Reefers, $8.95
A Vancouver lady saw one of
theBe Reefers on display here
a few days ago and noted the
price—18.96. She stated that
she paid $11.60 for a coat exactly the same, elsewhere.
This Is but another instance
of   how   our   huge   buying
power and knowledge of market conditions save our customers dollars and cents.
These Reefers are developed
from 100 per cent pure wool
scarlet serge. Have attractive brass buttons, black velvet collar and embroidery
emblem on sleeve.
Hart, Schaffner & Marx Clothes
153 Hastings Street West
Canada's Largest Exclusive Store for Men and Boys
Port Moody Co-operative
. A branoh store of the Vancouver Co-operative Society Is to be
I opened    shortly ln    Port Moody.
'A shop committee composed of H,
Asson as secretary, Mrs. Eastwood,
I Mr. Jenkins, Mr. Ikona, Mr. Gard-
l ner and Mr. Cox have the arrangements in hand* for the renting and
fitting up of the store.
Pritchard's Address to the Jury.
Copies of PriU-liaiil'B address to
the jury can now be secured at thc
Federatlonist Office. The words
of Prltcliard, when addressing thc
jury at Winnipeg will go down In
history a,s a pait of the struggle in
human society for liberty. Every
worker should Jiave a copy. Get
yours lteforo tho rush starts. Price
25 cento.
Hornell, N.Y.—Wages have been
advanced 15 cents an hour by
moulders and boiler makers, The
new rate Is 90 cents.
A Union of
Seventeen hundred strong, running their own
business, selling goods made in consumer-owned
factories and cutting down the cost of living in
the only effective way, welcomes you to its ranks
Take a look at thc splendid line of men's furnishings
just received from the British Co-operative mills. The
quality and price is unbeatable. No dope, no shoddy. All
long-service goods.  On sale at the Pender Street store.
Become a member, the cost is $5.50. All thc profits are
divided up among the members according to the amount
of purchases made. When you leave the eity the share
capital ean be withdrawn.
VANCOUVER 41 and 43 Pen tier St. West. Phone Sey. 493
SOUTH VANCOUVER 6886 Fraaer St. Eaet. Phone Frnser 367
NORTH VANCOUVEB Ill FirBt St. East. Phone k»l
NEW WESTMINSTER 39 Eighth St.   Phono 1692
than ever!
The thinking man or woman will quickly
realize that these low prices demand quick
action—and think— only a small deposit—
and the balance PAY THE EASY WAY!
$27.60, 132.50,
$37.60, $42.60.
Extra values.
Exclusive New York
models In choice styles
and the desired colors,
silks, satins, poplins,
serges, etc.—sale prices
$15.50,   $31.50,   $24,50,
$20.50  and  $37.60
$10.6 0 to
$18.50. Built
forhard wear.
All Wool Serge
Good styles —
all sizes — worn en's and
misses $4.75.
Reglna, July 6.—J. S. Woods-
worth, who was arrested during
the Winnipeg strike and later
acquitted on a charge of seditious
libel, spent the week-end In the
city of Reglna and on Sunday afternoon last addressed a largely
attended meeting In the City Hall,
under the auspices of the Reglna
People's Forum; which departed
from Its announced intention of
suspending Its meetings for July
and August, by making an exception In the case of Mr. Woods-
One of the Interesting features
of the meeting, which ' was presided over by "Dad" Regan, vice-
president of the Regina Trades
and Labor Council, was the presence at the meeting of secret service men, who took copious notes
of the proceedings and kept up
that system of espionage, which
Mr. Woodsworth informed the
meeting, he has heen subject to at
practically each meeting he has
addressed since his arrest.
Resented Persecution
During the course of his address Mr. Woodsworth keenly resented the persecution which he
claimed he was subjected to in
this connection and related a number of encounters he has had with
secret service police during his
meetings In British Columbia,
from which province he has just
Discussing the recent elections
in Winnipeg , Mr. Woodsworth
drew attention to the fact, that
whereas, two years ago there had
been a demand very vigorously
expressed in Winipeg for Mr. Dixon
to resign} during the recent election he had so far outstripped the
other candidates that he had not
only 7,000 votes to transfer to
other candidates, but he wus the
only candidate elected on the first
ballot, with the exception of Hon.
T. M. Johnson, who had only 74
votes above  the necessary quota.
Mr. Woodsworth also drew attention to the fact thut although
a year ago Mr. Johnson was the
official Instigator of proceedings
against F. J. Dixon, In his recent
trial, tho latter had outstripped
the Manitoba Attorney General by
over 7,000 votea; or practically
two hundred per cent
Three Elected In Gaol
The spealcer also drew attention
to the fact that three of the candidates elected In Winnipeg were
in gaol and that a fourth one also
in gaol, in the person of Russell,
only missed being elected by a
small number of votes. Attention
was also drawn to the fact that
the resignation of Premier Borden had bcen announced oi^ the
very day that the result of thu
Winipeg elections had been
made known; and while not attempting to prove that there was
necessarily any relation between
the two facts, it was significant
that while the Ottawa Government had spent u quarter of a
million dollars lo put these men
ln gaol, the citizens of Winnipeg
had elected four of them to the
Manitoba Legislature.
Dlscuustng the One Big Union,
Mr. Woodsworth, while not prepared to commit himself to It as
a principle, claimed that the Canadian Manufacturers' Association,
which recently met In Vancouver,
was one of the best examples of
the principle of the O. B. U.
which could therefore, not bo
wrong In the case of the workers,
If it wus right for the representatives of the "Big Interests."
Discussing the question of Socialism, Mr. Woodsworth, while
holding no brief for the Marxian
theories, drew attention to the
fact that for many years the Fabian Society had existed without
molestation in Great Britain and
was composed of such well known
men as Wells, Bernard Shaw,
Sydney and Mrs! Webb, and many
others of Britain's most prominent
men and women of letters.
British Labor Ahead
In thia conection Mr. Woods-
worth alBO drew attention to the
•fact that the British Labor movement, which he claimed wns thirty years ahead of the Canadian
movement, but which ho hoped
would not take thirty years to
catch up—had arisen out of the
Socialist movement, and that nvwt
of the prominent leaders there
had been and stilt are members
of the Socialist movement.
Rights of Free Men
Discussing the rights of free
men, Mr. Woodsworth contended,
that the renson working men were
not more actively interested in the
new movement, wus because they
were afraid of their jobs and men
who were prevented from expressing their honest convictions because of the fear that some other
person wus able to starve them into submission, wero not freemen,
but slaves. Freedom implied thc
right of every mun and woman to
express their honest ■ convictions,
without fear or favor, und anything short of that right was the
negation of freeedom.
Folowlng tho address a short
discussion took place und u collection of $36.00 wus taken up,
which will be devoted to the support of the families of the men
who are ln gaol, undergoing sentence for participating in the Winnipeg strike.
Manufacturer*  Sign  Contracts  to
Supply Russlu with Various
Ludwlg C. A. K. Martens, chief
of Soviet bureau at New York, has
stated that the Soviet government
of Russia may have a bureau In
Canada In the near future, if trade
negotiations now In progress are
The bureau, he said, would have
no political significance, and would
be merely a commercial office to
look after the purchases which he
hopes to make ln Canada on behalf of the Russian Soviet government. No definite arrangements
have been made as yet for the opening of such an office, and it is
believed here that the move will
depend upon the attitude of the
Canadian government, though so
far as could be learned, authorization has not yet been requested
from Ottawa by Martens.
In the meanwhile Martens has
established a connection with Canadian manufacturers through the
contract signed last week with
Boyer,  Sloan and Company.
Some Information Bureau
The Lettish Information Bureau,
un adjunct of the British Foreign
Office, in order to offset the published reports of the British Lubor
delegation to Russia, sent out a
statement purporting to come from
Its Moscow correspondent, In which
it wus alleged that by careful
staging Moscow and Petrograd
were made to look busy and prosperous to deceive the visitors, gin
Moscow, it ,wes further alleged,
"tramway service was suspended,
all of the curs boing taken to the
neighborhood of the Nlkotaewskl
ftcitiou, where, gnyly decorated,
they moved to ond fro, trying) to
convey to the visitors the Idea of
busy traffic."
Piledrivers nnd Wooden dMge-
men—Every Monday.
Luumli'y Workers—Every second
mid fourth Tuesday.
Trades and Labor Council—Every
flrst anil third Wednesday.
General   Workers'   Unit—Every
second and fourth Wednesday.
(ius Workers Unit—Every second
and foil iih Wcdcimday.
Marine  Firemen — Every  first
and third Wednesdays.
All  Units meet fit Pender Hull,
Pender Street West
Sunlight Soap Factory Employees
Walk Out in Every
London—What Is described as
one of the biggest fights ever staged between organized capital and
labor ls going on now In the strike
of the employees .of the Lever
Brothers Company, which runs immense soap factories- at Port Sunlight. Workers in every department of the firm are out and the
industry Is said to be at a standstill. The strike was called because the heads of the plant and
the workers could not come to an
agreement on the selection of arbitrators.
Meeting to be Held In Denmark
I'or Purpose of Promoting
Industrial Organization
New York, (New York Bureau)
—Delegates from the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America and
the International Ladies' Garment
Workers' Union will attend the
International Clothing Workers'
congress in Copenhagen, Denmark,
which wil start August 24.
In Issuing the call, the officers
suggest the following aim:
"The promoting and maintaining of the industrial organization
of clothing workers of all countries
in a strong and unbreukable federation in order to further the
economic and social Interests of
ull clothing workers; the support
of such joint national und International action as'the circumstances may require in the struggle
against the exploitation of labor
and the maintaining of International working class solidarity."
There are nearly 2,000,000
clothing workers and textile
workers in the United States and
Canada alone, so an Internationa)
federation will hnve tremendous
Don't forget tlie O. B. U. dance
In lhe Cotillion Hall tonight (1'Vi-
ilty). Whist 8 p.m.. darning 0 to
1.    Gentlemen 50c, ladles 25c.
Nelson and Colne District Again
Re-elects Labor Party
London—The result of the Nelson and Colne election is a victory
for Labor, Robinson Graham, Labor candidtte, being elected with
14,184 votes. The Coalition-
Unionist, F. N. Walnwright, comes
next, with 8677 votes, and W. R.
Rea, Independent-Liberal, Is at the
foot of the poll with 580 votes.
The vacancy occurred through
the resignation on account of illness of Captain Albert Smith, the
Labor whip.
Put  a. one-cent stamp on  this
paper and mall It to a friend.
Don't forget the O. B. IT. dunce
In tlio Cotillion Hull tonight (Fri-
dly).   Wfiist 8 p.m., dancing 9 to
4     Gent Ie men 50c, ladles 29c.
Address of Kurl F. Melvtncn, P.
Ryan, N. Dudakoski, E. Dew, C. K.
Wilson, II. H. Murphy, A. Veseni-
klr, G. Whitelaw, W. Orr, Tomliin,
N. Koski, F. R. So.llowuy, J tin Kinney, J. Diconio, W. J. Chesney and
Lcs Hamilton, hoofe ftaiidcr,
Any one knowing tie address of
T. Woods, wbo recently w'orked ut
Simoon Sound, please Inform Vancouver headquarters.
Will he held .Sunday, August 1st,
commencing at tl a.m.
Who wus defeated by 63 votes
In Winnipeg in»the recent elec-,
tlons. Bob Is still awaiting the
pleasure of His Majesty's representatives in Stony Mountain
Just thc thing for holiday nnd
sport wear. AV« hove them in
plain white, fn fancy pencil
stripes and in nil thc popular
lightweight materials. 'Wc are
especially featuring the flannel because of its dressy appearance and its possibilities of being used on so many
summer occasions.
Fashion Craft
Thos. Foster & Co., Ltd.
Washington—According to Representative Denison of Illinois, who
presented an exhaustive report recently In the House of Representatives, and Representative Newton of
Missouri, who Introduced similar
evidence Into the Congressional Record, nine of the eighteen billions
spent, by the war department have
been wasted. Public money has
been spent for war supplies which
have not even been made. The
proceeds from Liberty Loan drives
and war taxes have been poured
into the coffers of munition makers for supplies that were often
not manufactured.
The Treasnury department reports that the War department has
spent to date 184,000,000,000. Of
this, 60 per cent, has been wasted.
The following ls an account of
some of the extravagances as told
by the two representatives:
There was spent at Charleston,
Norfolk, Boston and other places
$150,000,000 for port terminals,
from which no ship during the war
ever sailed.
A port terminal was begun in a
bog and swamp teh miles up the
river from Charleston and after
120,000,000 had been spent In construction, it was found that ships
could not reach the terminal until
the river had been dredged for the
For nitrate plants $120,000,000
was spent ln a visionary scheme,
and not a pound of nitrate was
For powder plants, $160,000,000
was spent, and not a pound was
made in them.
There was $1,000,000,000 spent
for shells and only 17,000 Ameri
can shells were fired by the American forces in the war.
Aeroplunes cost $1,051,000,000,
and only 213 American-made
planes, H-4 observation type,
reached the front.
For tanks $100,000,000 was
spent. The flrst American tank
did not reach France until after
the armistice was signed and the
war over.
There was $117,000,000 spent for
the. manufacture of gas. There
never was a pound of gas flred on
the battle front in American shells.
The report inserted by Representative Newton in the Congressional Record continues;
'The records of the War department show that the administration
expended fur artillery during the
world war the sum total of $1,-
191,182,850, and yet Gen. Pershing
states that the only guns of targe
type produced at home which
reached France before the cessation of hostilities ,were 109 75-millimeter guns und 24 8-lnch howitzers. The War department had
for use in the army 391,000 horses
and mules, and yet the department
ordered for use upon these horses
and mules 045,000 saddles and over
1,000,000 sets of double harness.
The War department purchased
1,637,19.7  horse  brushes.
It was decided that these
horses and muleB must be branded.
A representative of the War department entered Into a contract
with & flrfin of New York contractors for 195,000 branding irons.
This wns more thun one branding
iron for every two horses in the
army. The contract required that
these irons should be made of copper, which was both scarce and
expensive. The contractor purchased 72,952 pounds of copper,
which was 20,000 pounds more
than needed to make the Irons,
nnd officials of the company Btated
that they pnid 89 tt cents per pound
therefor. The War department
paid the company 31)',4 cents per
pound for all this copper, and then,
immediately sold It back to the
company for 11 cents. No branding irons had bcen delivered at the |
timo the armistice waa signed.
During the summer und fall of
lust yeur, the supply of sugur in
this country wus so short that sugar
was selling for 20 cents per pound,
and that the public was subjected
to rations even at thut price, and
yet the testimony taken shows that
during' tho sume period the War
department sold 22,000,000 pounds
of sugur ln France at 2 cents per
pound, rather thnn hazard "industrial conditions" by shipping It
home and piecing it upon the
American market.
"The testimony shows that when
thc armistice wns signed, tho government hud in France foodstuffs,
cluthlng textiles, uutomoblles and
other supplies of an approximate
value of $2,000,000,000, and that
the representatives of this administration sold thut enormous quantity or supplies to the French government for $400,000,000, or 20
per cent, of its real value, on long
term payments, ln order to avoid
disturbing Industrial conditions.
Clearing our entire stock of high-grade men's
low shoes, all leathers and many styles to choose
from. Values to $14.00.
Black, $9.00
Brown, $10.00
Your Store Co-operated "Between Man and Man"
Cornett Bros, ft Clarke, Ltd.
The Transportation Unit at Calgary Is making slow but sure headway. At their last meeting they
admitted eight new membera, consisting of machinists and boilermakers helpers.
The O. B. U. movement In Montreal was quite active during the
A, F. of L, convontion, recently
held ln that olty. In addition to
some thousands of leaflets that
were issued during the time the
convention was being held, they Is-
Issued a six-page paper called The
Montreal Shopmen, which contains
a great deal of Interesting matter
about the American Federation of
Labor convention, written from the
viewpoint of the O. B. U. The
Montreal members were fortunate
In having Ben Legere to assist
them In preparing this publication,
tnd it contains some Information
concerning the activities of the A.
F. of L., and many of its officers
that will be a revelation even to
the members of the O. B. U., who
already have a pretty good idea of
the rottenness of the A. F. of L.
On elncident ls details concerning
W. D. Mahon, pres. of the Street
and Electric* Rail way men'a Association, whose children are running a scab sheet metal shop, is
most amazing, and possibly could
not be duplicated in the Labor
movement of any other country in
the world. Bundle orders of this
publication can be had at the rate
of three cents a copy from W. E.
Long, 825—3rd Avenue, Maison-
ncuve, Montreal.
The following wire was received
from the Slocan district, where the
strike of metal miners ts .still In
Sandon, B. C, July 3, 1920.
V. R. Mldgley,
308 North West Building,
Vancouver, B. C.
George Heatherlngton, Interna-
tiontl organizer, and R. A. Grimes,
manager of McAllister mine, are
on .their way to the Coast looking
for strike-breakers. Advise all
workers to keep away from Slocan
district.   Strike atill on.
The Metal Mine Workers Unit
of the O. B. U. at Neihart, Montana,
have been on strike for over a
month. Two of the mines have
granted their demands, but thcra
are quite a number of married men
wtio are not working, and they are
in need of financial assistance. The
men are quite confident that they
will win, ts all of the unfair mines
are closed down tight. The employers' chief contention is that
they did not like the name of the
One Big Union. Contributions can
be sent to James Comae, secretary,
Neihart,  Montana.
Subscribers, Please Note!
Many subscribers In renewing
their subscriptions aro sending In
tlio old price. The new rates are
as follows: In Canada, $2.50 per
year; $1.50 per half year. United
States, $3.00 per year. If subscribers will see that they send In the
proper amount It will aid us and
also avoid confusion.
Do you dance? If eo, why not
attend the O. B. U. whist drive and
danco In the Cotillion Hall tonight
(Friday). Whist 8 p.m., dancing B
to 1. Admission, gents 50 cents;
ladles, 25 cents.
Delhi, India—The North Western Railway strike has paralyzed
transportation to such an extent
that in these hot summer days, the
government of India cannot be removed to Simla, the summer capital.
Hand the Fed. to your sfcopmate
when von are through with It
F. Flowers, editor of the Dugout
at Los Angeles, Ib now preparing
for his third trial on the chargo of
criminal syndicalism. The jury
disagreed in both of the previous
trials, and the prosecution Is now
edeavoring to dig up some new evidence to convict this man. He Is
a returned soldier, having served
with the Canadian forces In France.
G. W. V. A. Protests
The New Westminster branch of
the G. W, V. A. endorsed a resolution requesting the provincial
executive of the G. W, V. A. to enter an emphatic protest against
tho methods of the government In
forcing the U. M. W. A. check-off
on the miners of this country.
The resolution was introduced by
T. A, Barnard.
The workers of England realised]
the necessity for an education Alf-I
ferent to that secured through th«f
Institutions controlled by their ex-l
plotters. They therefore founded
an Institution which ls known
ihe Ruskin College, and located at!
Oxford, which has a correspond-!
ence course department, thus mak-!
Ing It possible for workers to study]
at home those questions without i
fair knowledge of which leave)
them ensy and Interesting prey tc|
their exploiters.
The fees are: Twelve month'd
course, 2 pounds 2 shillings In ad-!
vance; six months' course, 1 poundT
one shilling; three months* course!
10 shillings 6 pence. The fee ln-1
eludes one subject with tuition anti
correction of essays or alternative!
questions monthly.
The subjects covered are:
1. Economics (elementary).
2. Economics (advanced).
8.   The Labor Movement.
4.    Industrial History,
6.   Modern Social and Political!
6. Political   Science    (element-!
7. Political Science (advanced)J
8. Local Government.
9. English Grammar and Com*|
10. English Literature.
11. Social Psychology.
12. Sociology.
Numbers 1, 4, 6, 6, 9 and 10 are|
six mouths' courses,.
Numbers.2, 3, 7, 8, ll and 12 are|
12 months' courses.
Weet Virginia Conl Miners Again j
Called Out to Obtain New
Wago Scale
(By The Federated Press)
Charleston, W. Va.—(N. Y. Bu- ,
rcau)— Six thousand  bituminous |
coal miners were called out by officials of District 17, Mingo County, of the United Mine Workera, '
following the refustl of the Will-
la mis on   Coal   Operators'   Association to treat with the men.   Efforts of the Department of Labor,
to bring about a settlement have
not succeeded In moving the employers  from  their  determination
to Ignore the miners' demands for
Increased wages.
Two days before the strike the
landing of 200 heavily armed gunmen on thc McDowell side of the
Mingo and McDowell County border lines was looked upon aa especially significant.   At the same
time Governor    Cornwall's    ordera
forbidding the sale of all revolvers!
rifles and munitions after Wednes-I
dny,   Indicated  the seriousness Off
the situation.
k Persecuted   Russia   was   cham-J
ioned at the doors of the audl-1
tjrfum  when  the convention  be-1
gan  business.    Thirty-five womer!
pickets of the American Women'/
Relief Committee stood along tin
curbing with placards which re
cited the stubborn refusal of th<
Wilson   administration   to   alio?
milk and medicines to go forwari
to sick and starving women ani
children in the Russian Republic
Other placards reminded the busl
ness men that millions In Russia)
gold had been deposited In Londo
banks for the resumption of trad.
! while American exporters are ba:
red   by   the   blockade   against
country with which they are not i
Poll tax receipt belonging tl
Sam Severson Is at coast headquai|
Take 20 per
cent, off all
Bruce has made a straight 2$
per cent, cut on every Bult In the
That means a saving of one -dollar In every five,
This Is one of the .finest clothing stocks in Vancouver—and the
reduction ls genuine.
C. D. Bruce
A Store for All Men


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